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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards

2

Emissions Control Failures in Passenger Cars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 Emissions Control Failures in Passenger Cars Two measures of car model malfunction probability, fraction of cars over 1% CO (y-axis) and average CO concentration of all cars (x-axis), demonstrate that five 1987-89 car models (14 year-model combinations) have a malfunction probability several times that of all other models. When an automobile's emissions control system fails, it may be because that model is more prone to failure than others, according to a study conducted by the Center's Energy Analysis Program and Marc Ross of the University of Michigan. This finding goes against the conventional wisdom that improper maintenance or deliberate disabling of the emissions systems by car owners is the cause of "high-emitting" vehicles. The results may provide clean-air

3

Global energy consumption due to friction in passenger cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents calculations on the global fuel energy consumption used to overcome friction in passenger cars in terms of friction in the engine, transmission, tires, and brakes. Friction in tribocontacts was estimated according to prevailing contact mechanisms such as elastohydrodynamic, hydrodynamic, mixed, and boundary lubrication. Coefficients of friction in the tribocontacts were estimated based on available information in the literature on the average passenger car in use today, a car with today’s advanced commercial tribological technology, a car with today’s best advanced technology based upon recent research and development, and a car with the best technology forecasted in the next 10 years. The following conclusions were reached: • In passenger cars, one-third of the fuel energy is used to overcome friction in the engine, transmission, tires, and brakes. The direct frictional losses, with braking friction excluded, are 28% of the fuel energy. In total, 21.5% of the fuel energy is used to move the car. • Worldwide, 208,000 million liters of fuel (gasoline and diesel) was used in 2009 to overcome friction in passenger cars. This equals 360 million tonne oil equivalent per year (Mtoe/a) or 7.3 million TJ/a. Reductions in frictional losses will lead to a threefold improvement in fuel economy as it will reduce both the exhaust and cooling losses also at the same ratio. • Globally, one passenger car uses on average of 340 l of fuel per year to overcome friction, which would cost 510 euros according to the average European gas price in 2011 and corresponds to an average driving distance of 13,000 km/a. • By taking advantage of new technology for friction reduction in passenger cars, friction losses could be reduced by 18% in the short term (5–10 years) and by 61% in the long term (15–25 years). This would equal worldwide economic savings of 174,000 million euros and 576,000 million euros, respectively; fuel savings of 117,000 million and 385,000 million liters, respectively; and CO2 emission reduction of 290 million and 960 million tonnes, respectively. • The friction-related energy losses in an electric car are estimated to be only about half those of an internal combustion passenger car. Potential actions to reduce friction in passenger cars include the use of advanced coatings and surface texturing technology on engine and transmission components, new low-viscosity and low-shear lubricants and additives, and tire designs that reduce rolling friction.

Kenneth Holmberg; Peter Andersson; Ali Erdemir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006,...

5

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

average is the production-weighted harmonic mean. 2014 data are preliminary. Fact 849 Dataset Supporting Information Average Fuel Economy of New Midsize Cars - Hybrid vs....

6

Technological Potential for CO2 Emission Reductions of Passenger Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Figure 17.1 shows the estimated development of energy demand from car fuel consumption between 2010 and 2050. Car fuel consumption is projected to increase until ... until 2050 in EU27. The share of alternative f...

Michael Krail; Wolfgang Schade

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Automotive Stirling engine development for a small passenger car  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd. has challenged for the development of a Stirling engine that is usable for small cars which are predominant type produced in Japan. Recently, the authors finally managed to obtain the performance from a prototype engine with which they are substantially satisfied, including the result from running tests on an actual car.

Kondoh, T.; Katoh, K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions Compliant Passenger Car  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Comparisons between CTL, GTL, no. 2, and European diesel include fuel economy, regulated and unregulated emissions in a 50 State compliant passenger car with DOC, NOx adsorber and particulate trap

9

Development scenario for passenger-car diesel engines with optimised: Combustion processes to meet future emission standards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main reason why the modern supercharged direct-injection diesel engine is so successful as a means of propelling passenger cars is because it is more efficient than spark-ignition engines in nearly every o...

Jörn Kahrstedt; Kai Behnk; Ansgar Sommer; Thorsten Wormbs

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Reduction of idle knock by EGR in a passenger car diesel engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to reduce the diesel idle knock, the effects of EGR on the idling characteristics were investigated on a passenger car equipped with an EGR Idle Knock Reduction System developed for practical use. It was found that EGR was effective not only for reducing idle knock but also for decreasing fuel consumption, smoke density, exhaust emissions and engine vibration. Moreover, the practical range and possibility of the EGR Idle Knock Reduction System were found by clarifying the relationship between EGR, injection timing, cooling water temperature, noise level and fuel consumption.

Fukutani, I.; Watanabe, E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Model-based development and calibration of last generation diesel powertrains for passenger cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an original model-based approach to the system level development and calibration of diesel powertrains for passenger cars, implemented in a comprehensive software tool. The models for the different subsystems are coupled to execute optimisation loops, involving also the system calibration, and are characterised by flexibility of usage, limited tuning effort and reduced computational time. As an example of the general approach, the engine model is described and some results from its execution are shown and compared with the measurements. Finally, a practical example is given of the usage of the tool for system level optimisation through a specifically developed methodology.

Fabio Mallamo; Federico Millo; Luciano Rolando

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Influence of Oxidized Biodiesel Blends on Regulated and Unregulated Emissions from a Diesel Passenger Car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Few studies are available on modern passenger cars, employed common-rail engine systems, and after-treatment technologies, and even fewer studies report results, which are not necessarily representative of actual driving conditions, making it difficult to assess the fuel impact on diesel car fleet emissions. ... Although gasoline engines are expected to be replaced by hydrogen-powered fuel cells, compression-ignition engines, the diesel engines, are expected to remain in use for high-power applications because of limitations of hydrogen-storage densities. ... transesterification and sequential esterification-transesterification, followed by washing in water in both cases, in order to set out the most suitable operational conditions to achieve the highest FAME percentage in the shortest time. ...

Georgios Karavalakis; Evangelos Bakeas; Stamos Stournas

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

13

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

14

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

832: August 4, 2014 Over Half of the Refueling Stations in the U.S. and Canada Sell Diesel Fuel - Dataset ATVM Technical Support Document Fact 847: November 17, 2014 Cars were...

15

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

For the 2014 model year, midsize hybrid cars averaged 43.4 miles per gallon (mpg) while midsize non-hybrid cars averaged 28.7 mpg; the difference between the two has narrowed due to the rising...

16

Energy use and CO2 emissions reduction potential in passenger car fleet using zero emission vehicles and lightweight materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction of \\{ZEVs\\} (zero emission vehicles) and lightweight materials in a conventional steel-intensive internal combustion engine vehicle fleet will affect energy consumption and automotive material requirements. We developed a bottom-up dynamic accounting model of the light-duty vehicle fleet, including vehicle production and disposal, with detailed coverage of powertrains and automotive materials. The model was used to study the potential for energy consumption and CO2 emissions reduction of \\{ZEVs\\} and lightweight materials in the Colombian passenger car fleet from 2010 to 2050. Results indicate that passenger car stock in Colombia is increased by 6.6 times between 2010 and 2050. In the base scenario energy consumption and CO2 emissions are increased by 5.5 and 4.9 times respectively. Lightweighting and battery electric vehicles offer the largest tank-to-wheel energy consumption and CO2 emissions reductions, 48 and 61% respectively, compared to 2050 baseline values. Slow stock turnover and fleet size increment prevent larger reductions. Switching to electric powertrains has larger impact than lightweighting on energy consumption and CO2 emissions. Iron and steel remain major materials in new cars. Aluminum consumption increases in all scenarios; while carbon fiber reinforced polymer consumption only increases due to fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle or lightweight vehicle use.

Juan C. González Palencia; Takaaki Furubayashi; Toshihiko Nakata

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Impact of the Driving Cycle on the NOx and Particulate Matter Exhaust Emissions of Diesel Passenger Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Impact of the Driving Cycle on the NOx and Particulate Matter Exhaust Emissions of Diesel Passenger Cars ... The driving cycles used are the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC), the 11 and 15 modes Japanese cycles, and three U.S. driving cycles: Federal Test Procedure (FTP-75), US06, and Highway. ... In general, we can state that a reduction in compression ratio in combination with an advanced boosting system and a fast response of the EGR system with advanced EGR cooling leads to a reduction of the emission level. ...

Efthimios Zervas; George Bikas

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

18

Influence of different configurations of a catalyst and a trap on particulate emission of a diesel passenger car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New particulate emission measurements performed on a diesel passenger car to see the influence of different configurations of after-treatment systems are reported. Five combinations of a particle trap and an oxidation catalyst are investigated. These configurations are discussed in view of particulate emission, measured by number and mass. All measurements were carried out at a chassis dynamometer of the EMPA. A diesel passenger car with an IDI engine was operated at four steady state conditions. Exhaust gas was diluted in a standard constant volume sampler (CVS) device (full flow dilution tunnel). Particulate size distributions were measured with a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) and gravimetric measurements were performed according to regulations. Furthermore, measurements without CVS tunnel were done by using external dilution units to see the influence of the sampling method. We used a thermo desorber to distinguish volatile and non-volatile aerosol fractions and we analysed filter samples for determination of organic soluble fraction, water-soluble fraction and sulphur content. Huge differences depending on the configuration of the after-treatment system and load were observed. In general it was found that a large reduction of particulate emission could be obtained by using a particle trap. A catalyst converter has minor effect on particulate emission. Nucleation of new particles was observed under certain conditions depending on configuration and sampling method.

Urs Lehmann; Martin Mohr

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Analysis of different control strategies for the simultaneous reduction of CO2 and NOx emissions of a diesel hybrid passenger car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Different control strategies for a diesel parallel hybrid passenger car were evaluated through numerical simulations. Two different control strategies were analysed: the first focused on fuel consumption minimisation, the second on NOx emissions cuts. Each of these goals was addressed through two different methodologies, the first based on a group of heuristic laws, the second focused on the instantaneous minimisation of a cost function that takes into account both the fuel and battery energies. A first assessment of the potential of a diesel hybrid passenger car as far as fuel consumption and NOx emissions reductions are concerned was obtained.

Federico Millo; Carlo V. Ferraro; Luciano Rolando

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Although the average expenditure for a new car has increased from 1967 to 2009, family earnings have also been on the rise. For this period, new car expenditures went from $3,216 to $23,186, while...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Multi-parametric study of the effect of materials substitution on life cycle energy use and waste generation of passenger car structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aluminium and fibre reinforced plastics have been put forward as alternatives for steel to reduce passenger car weight and save energy during use. Often-reported drawbacks are increased energy for production and reduced recyclability, and hence, increased waste generation. This study considers the merits of the alternatives by making a multi-parametric comparison of the life cycle energy use and waste generation of three lightweight alternatives to today’s all-steel car structure. The ‘development level’, captured as the percentage of high strength steel in today’s car structure, is identified as an important new variable in the analysis of automotive life cycle energy use.

E. Tempelman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

CO2 Changes from the Increasing Percentage of Diesel Passenger Cars in Norway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The changes in CO2 emissions are calculated for different percentages of Diesel penetration in the Norwich market. ... The majority of the EU and Norwich markets corresponds to four classes:? “economic”, “small car”, “lower medium”, and “upper medium”. ...

Efthimios Zervas; Georgios Bikas

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Experimental study on the effects of high/low pressure EGR proportion in a passenger car diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of the proportion between high pressure and low pressure exhaust gas recirculation (HP/LP EGR) on engine operation. The study focused on the characteristics of combustion, emissions, and fuel consumption in a 2.2 L passenger car diesel engine. The experiments were performed under three part-load and steady-state operating conditions. The LP EGR portion was swept from 0 to 1, while the mass flow rate of fresh air and boost pressure were fixed. The results showed that the intake manifold temperature decreased gradually as the LP EGR portion increased due to its greater cooling capability by a longer supply line and an intercooler. However, the required cooling power for the intercooler increased because the LP EGR gas, which has a higher temperature than the fresh air, was induced upstream of the compressor. The lowered intake manifold temperature with the increase of the LP EGR portion led to the prolonged ignition delay of pilot injections, which resulted in a slightly higher peak heat release rate in the main combustion. A higher LP EGR portion showed a lower fuel consumption level than the HP EGR only case because the variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) nozzle opened more widely to maintain the boost pressure, which means a lower pumping loss. Nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions were also decreased as the LP EGR portion increased due to lowered intake charge temperature. Consequently, it was possible to improve the trade-off relationship between \\{NOx\\} emissions and fuel consumption with the increase of the LP EGR portion under steady-state operating conditions.

Youngsoo Park; Choongsik Bae

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Fact #693: September 19, 2011 Average Vehicle Footprint for Cars and Light Trucks  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A vehicle footprint is the area defined by the four points where the tires touch the ground. It is calculated as the product of the wheelbase and the average track width of the vehicle. The...

25

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preference survey with choice situation contexts involving gasoline cars (Renault and competitors

26

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum cars Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: aluminum cars Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ORNLTM-1999157 ENERGY DIVISION Summary: aluminum content in passenger cars. General Motors is increasing...

27

Analysis of C1-C16 Hydrocarbons Using Dual-Column Capillary GC: Application to Exhaust Emissions from Passenger Car and Motorcycle Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......European countries cars with diesel engines constitute 20-30...The fuel tested in the diesel engine was blended from a small...for hydrocarbons in the diesel fuel molecular weight...plastic bags. Workers at General Motors (19) have investigated......

C.A. Jemma; P.R. Shore; K.A. Widdicombe

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Transportation Network Modeling in Passenger Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Modeled (infrastructure not taken into account) VDxxGasoline car Hybrid car GD M$/M gallon M gallon model of Passenger Network Model to emulate mode competition Infrastructure sharing by fleet 4. Data or induced ­ Arc (Routes) fixed · Infrastructure ­ Highway, railway, waterways, airports · Fleet ­ Trucks

Daniels, Thomas E.

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - awakening response car Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or movie) As a passenger in a car for an hour without a break ... Source: Fuerschbach, Phillip - Joining and Coating Department, Materials and Process Sciences Center, Sandia...

30

NETPLAN Passenger Network Modeling and Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.31 times existing fleet availability of passengers cars and trucks (in PCE) · Air - No investments ­ 1 per mile? 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 100 150 200 250 300 $/PCE Miles $ travel time cost per PCE (Highway) $ travel time cost per PCE (Air) $ travel time cost per PCE (HSR) 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0

Daniels, Thomas E.

31

Studying the Performances of Induction Motor Used in Electric Car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This research includes study of the performances of induction motor used in the electric car, as well as performances of an electronic inverter based on Field Oriented control used to drive this induction motor. The running equations of IM and Controller in dynamic state with reference frame d – q were considered. These equations were modelled into computer form based using Matlab Simpower facilities obtaining a complete model. 3-Phase IM is considered and its parameters were used for simulation, in order to be mounted in certain car that is manufactured in Syria, and transform it to electric car. Also, it includes a study of electronic inverter appropriate to drive such motor and control its speed. It operates based on vector control technology. The study of the motor performances was conducted within presumptions of changing car load from one passenger (the driver) to five passengers and having different resistant torques. The tests of induction motor used in the electric car simulate running of the car having one passenger when car is stopped; simulate running of electric car starting IM from 0 speed and accelerating till a steady speed is reached, keeping this steady speed for a period of time, then reduce speed till car is stopped and finely Simulate running of electric car on rural roads having some holes and small slopes which cause several small acceleration and sudden breaks. Some conclusions and remarks about performances and behaviour of IM were concluded.

Zeina Bitar; Samih Al Jabi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

CarPal: interconnecting overlay networks for a community-driven shared mobility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of running vehicles by increasing the number of passengers per car amongst medium/big communities like and pollution, reduces trip expenses by alternating the use of the personal vehicle amongst different drivers.1007/978-3-642-15640-3_20 #12;find the closest car to pick. The same economical/ecological advantage of car pooling applies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

33

Exhaust emissions from two intercity passenger locomotives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To enhance the effectiveness of intercity passenger rail service in mitigating exhaust emissions in California, the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) included limits on exhaust emissions in its intercity locomotive procurement specifications. Because there were no available exhaust emission test data on which emission reduction goals could be based, Caltrans funded a test program to acquire gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions data, along with smoke opacity data, from two state-of-the-art intercity passenger locomotives. The two passenger locomotives (an EMD F59PH and a GE DASH8-32BWH) were tested at the Association of American Railroads Chicago Technical Center. The EMD locomotive was equipped with a separate Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) 8V-149 diesel engine used to provide 480 V AC power for the trailing passenger cars. This DDC engine was also emission tested. These data were used to quantify baseline exhaust emission levels as a challenge to locomotive manufacturers to offer new locomotives with reduced emissions. Data from the two locomotive engines were recorded at standard fuel injection timing and with the fuel injection timing retarded 4 deg in an effort to reduce NO[sub x] emissions. Results of this emissions testing were incorporated into the Caltrans locomotive procurement process by including emission performance requirements in the Caltrans intercity passenger locomotive specification, and therefore in the procurement decision. This paper contains steady-state exhaust emission test results for hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NO[sub x]), and particulate matter (PM) from the two locomotives. Computed sulfur dioxide (SO[sub 2]) emissions are also given, and are based on diesel fuel consumption and sulfur content. Exhaust smoke opacity is also reported.

Fritz, S.G. (Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Dept. of Emissions Research)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? August 16, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What are the key facts? A Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) recaptures lost vehicle heat for better efficiency. This project is funded in part with $7.15 million federal Vehicle Technologies Program grant. This is targeted for the U.S. market in 2018 models. More than half of the gas we buy -- and the money we spend on it -- is wasted. Even the most efficient drivers are at the mercy of their vehicles'

35

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? August 16, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What are the key facts? A Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) recaptures lost vehicle heat for better efficiency. This project is funded in part with $7.15 million federal Vehicle Technologies Program grant. This is targeted for the U.S. market in 2018 models. More than half of the gas we buy -- and the money we spend on it -- is wasted. Even the most efficient drivers are at the mercy of their vehicles'

36

The Passenger Pigeon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Passenger Pigeon Passenger Pigeon Nature Bulletin No. 181-A February 27, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE PASSENGER PIGEON We Americans have been a greedy heedless people plundering and wasting the natural resources which made possible the building of this great nation -- the soils, the waters, the forests, the minerals and the wildlife, In the United States there was once an abundance of wildlife never found on any other land. We have come close to exterminating many valuable kinds, notably the buffalo and the beaver. Several species once abundant are extinct, among them the Passenger Pigeon. The passenger pigeon was a graceful elegant bird with a long wedge- shaped tail, considerably larger than our Mourning Dove and mighty good to eat. The males were handsome: slaty blue and brown above; the head blue; the sides and back of the neck iridescent with pink, purple, green and gold; the breast a rich reddish-brown shading to pinkish on the sides; with short stout red legs. Unlike other doves and pigeons, its voice was rather loud and harsh. The females were more drab in color. Native to the unbroken forests which covered most of central and eastern North America, they nested in huge colonies. An area of 100 square miles might have every tree loaded with nests, some times 100 nests in a single tree. The nests were merely a crisscross jumble of sticks in which one pure-white egg was laid.

37

Small Cars In Neighborhoods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sperling, quoted in “Electric Car Goals Called Feasible,”automobile- like electric cars; a much longer and morethose eligible to own electric cars. Because the (eventually

Bosselmann, Peter C.; Cullinane, Daniel; Garrison, William L.; Maxey, Carl M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

STREET CARS IN GLASGOW  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

STREET CARS IN GLASGOW 10.1126/science.12.300.491-a STREET CARS IN GLASGOW. | Journal Article...ocelots, orang-outangs, panthers, raccoons, rhinoceroses...delivery of the property. STREET CARS IN GLASGOW. THE street car...

1900-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

39

Modeling the interaction between passenger cars and trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an easier way to create calibrated traffic flows in driving simulations and to capture vehicle behavior within microscopic traffic simulations. The original design for the prototype was to establish a two-way, real time exchange of vehicle data, however...

Jenkins, Jacqueline Marie

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are therefore embedding such mechanisms into our autonomous electric car developed at INRIA (CyCab). NEMO

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Find and Compare Cars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

You are here: Find a Car - Home You are here: Find a Car - Home Find and Compare Cars Browse by Model Go Need help choosing a car? woman shopping for car Search by MPG, price, make, body style, and much more with our Power Search Search by Class 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 Small Cars Family Sedans Upscale Sedans Luxury Sedans Large Sedans Hatchbacks Coupes Convertibles Sports/Sporty Cars Station Wagons Pickup Trucks Sport Utility Vehicles Minivans Vans Combined MPG >= 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 Go Browse New Cars sedan Small Cars sedan Sedans coupe Coupes hatchback Hatchbacks sporty car Sporty Cars luxury car Luxury Cars station wagon Wagons minivan Minivans truck Trucks SUV SUVs hybrid Hybrid Vehicles diesel Diesel Vehicles flex-fuel vehicle

42

A comprehensive socio-psychological approach to car type choice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Data from a web survey, which was conducted in 2012 among 1421 owners of a new internal combustion engine car and 372 new battery electric car owners in Norway, were used to test an adapted version of the comprehensive action determination model to explain private consumers’ purchase of fuel-efficient cars. It was first examined whether the average fuel efficiency differs among internal combustion engine car classes. Consequently, with battery electric cars being regarded as the most fuel-efficient group, five car groups ordered by fuel efficiency were retained. The results of subsequent structural equation modelling show that intention to buy a fuel-efficient car, brand loyalty, number of cars and driver’s license holders in the household, household size, and household income had significant direct effects on choosing a more fuel-efficient car. Normative processes had a mediated impact on behaviour. Implications for design and implementation of interventions are discussed.

Alim Nayum; Christian A. Klöckner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Hybrid Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars Later  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars...manufacturer of diesel engines) and an advisor...Power, a fuel cell manufacturer...2). This consumption resulted in...vehicles and fuel cell (FC...combustion engine (ICE) drive...gasoline, or diesel). For each...

Nurettin Demirdöven; John Deutch

2004-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

44

Fact #715: February 20, 2012 The Average Age of Light Vehicles Continues to Rise  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The average age for cars and light trucks continues to rise as consumers hold onto their vehicles longer. Between 1995 and 2011, the average age for cars increased by 32% from 8.4 years to 11.1...

45

Modeling and Simulation of Series DC Motors in Electric Car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The objective of this paper is assessing use of series DC motor in electric car with its rotation speed controller, and evaluating its performances when different running cases of electric car with different loads. The mathematical equations model of series DC motor and electronic inverter in dynamic state with reference frame d – q were considered. Computer model of these equations was implemented using MATLAB/SIMPOWER facilities obtaining a complete model for motor and controller. Series DC motor is considered and its parameters were used for simulation. The electronic controller operates based on PWM control technique. Simulation of series DC motor performances was conducted within presumptions of changing car load and different resistant torques. Changing loads was realised changing number of passengers when electric car is running on normal streets, when running on streets with slope, when car is accelerate to reach a stead speed and when car is changing speed rigidly and suddenly running on country road having some holes and small slopes. Some conclusions and remarks about performances and behaviour of series DC motor were concluded. The simulated series DC motor was tested and mounted experimentally in a small truck car in Faculty of Mechanical & Electrical Engineering at Damascus University.

Zeina Bitar; Samih Al Jabi; Imad Khamis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Passenger Vehicle Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements

47

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual average daily traffic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Systems 2000. Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic on the California State... Lockout and Non-Lockout Weekdays Average Daily Traffic Volume (vehday) All Cars Trucks ......

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - average daily traffic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Systems 2000. Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic on the California State... Lockout and Non-Lockout Weekdays Average Daily Traffic Volume (vehday) All Cars Trucks...

49

Advances in Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advances in Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger Vehicles Advances in Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger Vehicles 2002 DEER Conference Presentation:...

50

Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

51

Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

52

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0: May 26, 2008 0: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on AddThis.com... Fact #520: May 26, 2008

53

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9: June 3, 2002 9: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on AddThis.com... Fact #219: June 3, 2002

54

Hybrid Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars Later  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...currently under consideration by Congress, would extend the time period for the hybrid car tax credit. 19 Quote taken from www.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/. 20 T. Markel et al., J. Power Sources 110 , 225 ( 2002 ). 21 M. R. Cuddy , K. G...

Nurettin Demirdöven; John Deutch

2004-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

55

Assessing current vehicle performance and simulating the performance of hydrogen and hybrid cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A measure of the efficiency in transforming energy input into transport work is defined and applied to road vehicles as well as to sea, air and rail vehicles for passenger or freight transportation. The insight obtained with this measure is compared with the results of applying the conventional measure of kilometres per unit of energy for current fleets of vehicles. Then, simulation methods are used to assess the performance of fuel cell vehicles, electric vehicles and hybrids between the two. The latter are found to provide an optimum performance for a small, efficient passenger car.

Bent Sørensen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of passenger seats and their impact on different vehicle models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main purpose of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to date has been to evaluate life cycle impacts of different design solutions and materials for a car, its sub-systems and components. Considerable number of publications are available on LCA of automotive components. This research aims to extend the LCA approach by evaluating and comparing the effects of mass reduction of passenger seats for different vehicle models in order to provide strategic support for decision making in the development process and to validate the environmental benefits of design alternatives under investigation. For this purpose, the paper presents a comprehensive LCA of passenger seats with detailed consideration of alternative scenarios for the use phase for different vehicle models.

Aleksandar Subic; Francesco Schiavone; Martin Leary; Jack Manning

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Policy effectiveness for road passenger transport emissions reductions across the world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effectiveness of policy for emissions reductions in private passenger road transport depends on its ability to incentivise consumers to make choices oriented towards lower emissions vehicles. However, car purchase choices are known to be strongly socially determined, and this sector is highly diverse due to significant socio-economic differences between consumer groups. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of the structure of the 2012 private passenger vehicle fleet-years in six major economies across the World (UK, USA, China, India, Japan and Brazil) in terms of prices, engine sizes and emissions. This is done in order to evaluate the effectiveness of existing and possible fiscal and technological change policies for emissions reductions. We provide tools to understand and evaluate the effectiveness of policy taking account of the distributive structure of prices and emissions in segments of a diverse market, both for conventional as well as unconventional engine technologies. We furthermore explai...

Mercure, J -F

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6: May 7, 2012 6: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on AddThis.com... Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards set for model years

59

Hydrogen Cars and Water Vapor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This cycle is currently under way with hydrogen fuel cells. As fuel cell cars are suggested as a solutionHydrogen Cars and Water Vapor D.W.KEITHANDA.E.FARRELL'S POLICY FORUM "Rethinking hydrogen cars" (18 misidentified as "zero-emissions vehicles." Fuel cell vehicles emit water vapor. A global fleet could have

Colorado at Boulder, University of

60

Fact #851 December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears used...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

trucks. Note: Based on production. 2014 production data are preliminary. Fact 851 Dataset Supporting Information Average Number of Gears in New Cars and Light Trucks Model...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Path to Low Carbon Passenger Vehicles | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Passenger Vehicles The Path to Low Carbon Passenger Vehicles Technology to reduce GHG emissions by 40% available by 2025, and cost effective. deer10cackette.pdf More...

62

Intercity Passenger Rail Federal Funding presented by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intercity Passenger Rail ­ Federal Funding Process presented by: Minnesota Department, equipment and connections ·! Long term: build efficient HSR network ­! Connecting major population centers ·! Lead state on Milwaukee to Twin Cities segment ·! 2008 state bonding to match federal funds

Minnesota, University of

63

EcoCAR Challenge 2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition With an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle, The Ohio State University and the University of Waterloo Finish Second and Third Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition With an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle, The Ohio State University and the University of Waterloo Finish Second and Third EcoCAR logo VirginiaTech EcoCAR winner EcoCAR Winner Virginia Tech. View larger image. Students from Virginia Tech University learned last night that their teamwork, perseverance and hard work have led to top honors when they were named the overall winners of EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge after designing and building an exceptional extended-range electric vehicle (EREV) using E85 (ethanol). Throughout the three-year competition, the Virginia Tech team hit incremental goals that helped the vehicle achieve fuel efficiency of 81.9 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent, or 70 percent over the stock vehicle,

64

Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) February 23, 2010 - 5:30am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy This past month, we celebrated my little daughter's first birthday-which meant a trip from Virginia to New Jersey. Ordinarily, this isn't a major effort, but this was on the verge of the big snow storm on February 5. Naturally, we were a bit concerned about our travel prospects. I'm originally from Wisconsin and know what winter can do to a car and its passengers. That's why we took some care to prepare our car for what might have been truly horrifying driving. The tires on our car are new but we checked the air pressure anyway, just to be sure they were properly

65

Can alternative car fuels reduce greenhouse gas emissions?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been controversy in the published literature regarding the scope for alternative fuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in passenger transport. This paper aims to resolve this question in an Australian context, and, where possible, to calculate the costs of emission reductions. Fossil-fuel-based alternatives give either marginal or uncertain reductions. Ethanol from sugar cane, the most promising biomass fuel, has high costs per tonne of CO2 reduction, and, when other trace gases are considered, shows no definite improvement over petrol. Electric vehicles, if deployed today in Australia, would exacerbate greenhouse warming. Only if an alternative new energy source such as wind power generated 15% or more of total electricity would emission reductions occur compared to equivalent petrol-fuelled cars.

P. Moriarty

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Cost effective reduction of legislated emissions (including CO2) is a major issue. NOx control must not be a limiting factor to the long term success of Diesel engines.

67

Hydrogen Air Fuel Cell Powered Passenger Car Fever — Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle for Efficiency and Range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various technologies are used or developed to alleviate the atmospheric pollution due to exhaust gases from the vehicles: catalytic post — treatment, gaseous fuel and electric vehicles. Renault has decided to ...

J. C. Griesemann; D. Corgier; P. Achard…

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Potentials for Energy Conservation by a Shift to other types of Engines in Passenger Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy conserving potential of alternative engine options for the period till 1990 is computed. Included are the fuel consumption of the vehicle, the required energy for the production of the vehicle and t...

Drs. W. Smit

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

A Framework to Analyze the Reduction Potential of Life Cycle Carbon Dioxide Emissions of Passenger Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automobile manufacturers are increasingly obligated to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of their vehicle fleets. In this paper a framework to analyze the reduction potential of the life cycle CO2 emissions of ...

Christoph Herrmann; Karsten Kieckhäfer…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Electric car may not compete  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electric car may not compete ... The electric car could find a niche in urban utility driving, but it may never be fully competitive with the internal combustion auto, according to Richard S. Morse, lecturer at the Sloan School of Management at Massachu. ...

1967-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

71

Environmentail Iplications of Electric Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Battery lead per life-cycle kilometer (g/km) 27 4 Lead releases per life-cycle kilometer Virgin production...the battery. The Life Cycle of Lead: Environmental...lead retained in the engine and exhaust of the car...current cars. The more fundamental problem is that these...

Lester B. Lave; Chris T. Hendrickson; Francis Clay McMichael

1995-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

72

Southern California: The Detroit of Electric Cars?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University o f An early alternative to an electric car.CALIFORNIA: THE DETROIT O F ELECTRIC CARS? BY A L L E N J .center for producing electric cars? It's a mistake to assume

Scott, Allen J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Survey of Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. July. U.S.of a qualifying gas-electric car, but because this is a

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Car Charging Group, Inc. Place: Miami Beach, Florida Product: Miami Beach, USA based installer of plug-in vehicle charge equipment. References: Car Charging Group, Inc.1 This...

75

Association of automobile passenger transportation and economic growth in Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) (Nember) January 1969 ABSTRACT Association cf Automobile Passenger Transportation and Economic Growth in Japan. (January 1969) Teruhiko Boric, B. A. , &faseda University Directed by: Dr. ~felvin L. Greenhut In order to evaluate the growth... of Japanese post-war passenger transportation, a comparative study of the U. S. passenger transporta- ti. on development between 1910 and 1940 has been made. The growth rate of automobile ownership prior to the Great Depression is larger than the rate...

Horie, Teruhiko

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Passenger experience and their implications for airports retail environment design.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This project develops new knowledge on the full range of activities and interactions that make up airport passengers' retail experiences. The practical application of this… (more)

Livingstone, Alison Kate

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

A novel passenger recovery approach for the integrated airline ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 28, 2013 ... transportation applications involve a number of interrelated resources, ... Airline planning and recovery processes and the flow of passengers is ...

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

78

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Series: Average Residential Price Residential Price - Local Distribution Companies Residential Price - Marketers Residential % Sold by Local Distribution Companies Average...

79

Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Fuel Economy and Passenger Experience  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Fuel Economy and Passenger Experience Background The standard, 40-foot diesel- powered transit bus is noisy, consumes a gallon of fuel for every three miles it travels, weighs 28,000 pounds, and contributes significantly to ur- ban air pollution. While hybrid electric buses do exist, they are very expensive, and typi- cally get just four miles to the gallon. Autokinetics and the Department of Energy Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program saw sig- nificant room for improvement in hybrid electric buses-in terms of weight and noise reduction, better fuel economy, lower cost, and rider percep- tion-using lightweight body

80

Transient in cab noise investigation on a light duty diesel passenger vehicle.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A diesel engine in cab sound quality for passenger car market is scrutinized more closely than in the mid? to heavy duty diesel truck applications. This is obviously due to the increasing expectations from the customers for gasolinelike sound quality. This paper deals with a sound quality issue recently investigated on a light duty diesel engine for a passenger van application. The objectionable noise complaint occurred during the vehicle transient operating conditions and was found to be caused by the change in the pilot quantity over a very short period of time. The root cause of the noise complaint was investigated on the noise complaint vehicle as well as simultaneously on a standalone engine in the noise test cell. Several critical combustion and performance parameters were recorded for diagnosing the issue. In addition various standard sound quality metrics were employed to differentiate the sound quality of the objectionable noise. The issue was resolved and verified by making appropriate changes to the engine calibration without affecting key requirements such as emissions and fuel economy. Finally the findings from the experimental tests are summarized and appropriate conclusions are drawn with respect to understanding characterizing and resolving this transient combustion related impulsive powertrain interior noise issue.

Dhanesh Purekar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Shunting passenger trains: getting ready for Marjan van den Akker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shunting passenger trains: getting ready for departure Marjan van den Akker Hilbrandt Baarsma Utrecht University P.O. Box 80.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;Shunting passenger trains: getting of shunting train units on a railway station. Train units arrive at and depart from the station according

Utrecht, Universiteit

82

A review of the NRL CARS microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a technique that permits molecular specificity in microscopy while retaining good spatial resolution. Specificity is achieved using Raman scattering from characteristic molecular vibrations and high resolution is obtained by imaging the distribution of visible anti?Stokes radiation. Images have been obtained from a variety of pure organic liquids from deuterated water in onion?skin cells deuterated liposomes and other samples. Thermal and dielectric breakdown damage to even fragile biological materials is made negligible by choice of duty cycle and average power. Sample fluorescence is avoided by the choice of anti?Stokes imaging. Imaging through (usually astigmatic) spectrometers is not needed. Deuterium substitution can be used as a general purpose and artifact?free ‘‘stain’’. The combination of high spatial resolution excellent molecular discrimination and digital image processing (background subtraction) provide the CARS microscope with capabilities not found in any other current microscopic imaging technique.

M. D. Duncan; J. Reintjes; T. J. Manuccia

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

How the car became king  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... they avenues for movement? And what kind of movement was to be allowed there —pedestrian passage or vehicular transport in the form of trams or cars? Norton considers the ... the time: efficiency. Congestion in the streets grew because of the chaotic interference of pedestrians with traffic. Free access to the streets, without rules, slowed transportation between business ...

Marcial Echenique

2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

84

Unimodular Gravity and Averaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The question of the averaging of inhomogeneous spacetimes in cosmology is important for the correct interpretation of cosmological data. In this paper we suggest a conceptually simpler approach to averaging in cosmology based on the averaging of scalars within unimodular gravity. As an illustration, we consider the example of an exact spherically symmetric dust model, and show that within this approach averaging introduces correlations (corrections) to the effective dynamical evolution equation in the form of a spatial curvature term.

A. Coley; J. Brannlund; J. Latta

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

85

Passenger-to-train assignment model based on automated data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis aims at developing a methodology for assigning passengers to individual trains using: (i) fare transaction records from Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) system and (ii) the train tracking data from Automatic ...

Zhu, Yiwen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Transfer passenger needs at airports : human factors in terminal design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis analyzes the needs of particular users of airport: transfer passengers. The object of this work has been to produce a set of design guidelines for terminals. these guidelines are framed upon a user-need survey ...

Brillembourg, Marie-Claire

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

HFAG Charm Mixing Averages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently the first evidence for charm mixing has been reported by several experiments. To provide averages of these mixing results and other charm results, a new subgroup of the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group has been formed. We here report on the method and results of averaging the charm mixing results.

B. Aa. Petersen

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

88

Skidding of Cars and Quadratic Formulae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......proportional to its kinetic energy. Alternatively, this...this in turn stops the car. However, we are interested...about double that for cars. It may be advisable...creating a suitable gap. An alternative would be to slow down...saw how the speed of a car should be used to determine......

R. SMITH; D. THATCHER

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries Agency/Company /Organization: United Kingdom Department for Transport Focus Area: Other Topics: Best Practices Website: webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustain These case studies result from a study that examined best practices in car sharing and car clubs and appraised the successes and failures to date. The results of this study are incorporated into "Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide." How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Avoid - Cut the need for travel Shift - Change to low-carbon modes

90

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report Agency/Company /Organization: United Kingdom Department for Transport Focus Area: Other Topics: Best Practices Website: webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustain This report seeks to examine best practices in car sharing and car clubs, explore in detail the levels of uptake, and critically appraise the successes and failures to date. The outcome of the study is supported by case study summaries, and a best practice guidance note for existing and future developers of car sharing and car club schemes. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

91

US motor giants fail to quell enthusiasm for electric cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... regulation that will require all car companies operating in the state to develop and sell electric cars by 1998.

Colin Macilwain

1994-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

92

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Preliminary Regulatory Impact Analysis - Joint Rulemaking to Establish CAFE and GHG Emissions Standards, MY 2012-2016 - Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and...

93

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Standards * Additional information taken from: - Joint Rulemaking to Establish CAFE and GHG Emissions Standards, MY 2012-2016 - Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and...

94

Logistics implications of electric car manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increasingly important role of electric cars manufacturing needs to develop new logistics concepts in automotive industry. This article analyses critical issues in logistics operations of electric cars based on the in-house perspective of the car manufacturer. The purpose of this paper is two-fold. Firstly, to verify existing research about the impact of electric car manufacturing on logistics operations. Secondly, to investigate concrete logistics implications based on different electric car operations models. Therefore, we use manufacturing phenotypes, which can be applied to separate and classify configuration and coordination principles and helps to reach a better understanding of relationships with their logistics implications. The presented model is based on real case study data of global auto industry and supports the academic study of cross-site comparisons. A holistic and consistent understanding of different operations types in electric car manufacturing will be necessary, which will help in evaluating the actual and future supply chain forms in the car industry.

Florian Klug

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Positive and negative spillover effects from electric car purchase to car use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study reports the results of two online surveys conducted on buyers of conventional combustion engine cars compared to those of electric vehicles in Norway. The results show that electric cars are generally purchased as additional cars, do not contribute to a decrease in annual mileage if the old car is not substituted, and that electric car buyers use the car more often for their everyday mobility. Psychological determinants derived from the theory of planned behavior and the norm-activation theory show a high correlation between the purchase and use stages. Electric car buyers, have lower scores on many determinants of car use, especially awareness of consequences and close determinants of car use.

Christian Andreas Klöckner; Alim Nayum; Mehmet Mehmetoglu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

2014 Best and Worst MPG Cars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cars Cars 2014 Most Efficient Cars by EPA Size Class (including Electric Drive Vehicles) 2014 Most Efficient Cars by EPA Size Class (excluding Electric Drive Vehicles) 2014 Least Efficient Cars by EPA Size Class 2014 Most Fuel Efficient Cars (including electric vehicles) EPA Class Vehicle Description Fuel Economy Combined Two-Seaters smart fortwo electric drive Convertible A-1, 55kw DCPM, Electric Vehicle 107* smart fortwo electric drive coupe smart fortwo electric drive coupe A-1, 55kw DCPM, Electric Vehicle 107* Minicompacts Fiat 500e Fiat 500e A-1, 82 kW AC Induction, Electric Vehicle 116* Subcompacts Chevrolet Spark EV Chevrolet Spark EV A-1, 104 kW ACPM, Electric Vehicle< 119* Compacts Ford Focus Electric Ford Focus Electric Automatic (CVT), 107 kW AC Induction, Electric Vehicle

97

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide Agency/Company /Organization: United Kingdom Department for Transport Focus Area: Other Topics: Best Practices Website: webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustain This guide is aimed at a wide variety of groups to provide help on the delivery of car sharing and car club schemes for specific organizations and communities. The guidance is supported by a detailed study report and full case study reports. This guide seeks to enhance existing guidance given in other best practice notes, particularly those related to travel plans. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

98

Faculty & Information Centres Building Car Park Key Facilities Building Car Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 ORANGE A PURPLE Navitas 2 ORANGE A ORANGE North Australian Centre for Oil and Gas 7 PINK B PURPLE7 WATER TANK 5 4 18 S Faculty & Information Centres Building Car Park Key Facilities Building Car

99

average | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average average Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

100

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation ZEV #12;Advanced Clean Cars ZEV Program 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Current Regulation -ZEVs Current Regulation -PHEVs Projected: PHEVs 15Net ­ Blueprint Plan ­ Regional clusters, environmental and economic analysis · Clean Fuels Outlet

California at Davis, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

European Green Cars Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

European Green Cars Initiative European Green Cars Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: European Green Cars Initiative Agency/Company /Organization: European Commission Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Best Practices Website: www.green-cars-initiative.eu/public/ The European Green Cars Initiative is one of three Public Private Partnerships (PPP) of the European Economic Recovery Plan. The objective of the initiative is to support research and development for technologies and infrastructure needed to achieve breakthroughs in the use of renewable and non-polluting energy sources, safety, and traffic fluidity. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies

102

R&D Partnership for the Next Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supercede batter y-electric cars and i n t rusive governmentproduction hybrid-electric car, followed in 2000 automakersthan today’s f rom electric cars, especially small city

Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cars (Text Cars (Text Alternative Version) to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations Multimedia Conferences & Meetings

104

Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

105

The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program - The Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts...

106

DOE Average Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE DOE Average Results FY 12 DOE Target FY 12 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness 92 88 -Quality 94 92 Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. 90 92 Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 90 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Competition: -% of total $'s obligated on competitive acquisitions >$3000 (Agency Level Only) 94 85 -% of acquisition actions competed for actions > $3000 (Agency Level Only) 65 68 Performance Based Acquisition: - % PBA actions relative to total eligible new acquisition actions (applicable to new actions > $25K) 82

107

Green Racing - Where Clean Cars Finish First  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Technology Technology R&D Center INVENTING THE FUTURE. efficient. clean. safe. Green Racing Where Clean Cars Finish First In green racing, speed is a factor, but the overall winner is determined by a formula that also takes the car's environmental footprint into consideration. Race organizers calculated a principal component of each car's score by using Argonne's Greenhouse gas, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model. Research funding provided by the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. Did you know... Opportunity The racetrack is a proving ground that often leads to innovations in consumer vehicles. Green

108

Consumer’s Surplus with a Racial Apology? Black Relative to Non-Black Inequality in the Welfare Gains of Fuel-Efficient Cars and Trucks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers whether race conditions the welfare gains associated with the purchase of cars and trucks that comply with National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency Sta...

Juliet U. Elu; Gregory N. Price

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

13,386 29,744 45.0% 1989 14,371 32,448 44.3% 1991 15,475 34,775 44.5% 1993 16,871 36,764 45.9% 1995 17,959 40,572 44.3% 1997 19,236 45,326 42.4% 1999 20,710...

110

Americans' Average Radiation Exposure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We live with radiation every day. We receive radiation exposures from cosmic rays, from outer space, from radon gas, and from other naturally radioactive elements in the earth. This is called natural background radiation. It includes the radiation we get from plants, animals, and from our own bodies. We also are exposed to man-made sources of radiation, including medical and dental treatments, television sets and emission from coal-fired power plants. Generally, radiation exposures from man-made sources are only a fraction of those received from natural sources. One exception is high exposures used by doctors to treat cancer patients. Each year in the United States, the average dose to people from natural and man-made radiation sources is about 360 millirem. A millirem is an extremely tiny amount of energy absorbed by tissues in the body.

NA

2000-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

111

Hydrogen fuel cells for cars and buses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of hydrogen fuel cells for cars is strongly promoted by the governments of ... . The electrochemical behaviour of the most promising fuel cell (polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, PEMFC) is critically...

L. J. J. Janssen

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

A FUEL CELL IN EVERY CAR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A FUEL CELL IN EVERY CAR ... FUEL CELLS ARE MOVING PAST THE developmental stage and into realworld trials. ... The effort to construct the first working prototypes is giving way to improving designs and developing a hydrogen-fuel infrastructure. ...

ALEXANDER H. TULLO

2001-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

113

Development of the TV Receiver for Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Market trends toward personal television sets can be seen with the increasing ownership of television sets and variety of personal likings. There is also a demand for car television receivers. Reception of television on a moving vehicle requires a receiving ...

1. Yashima; M. Ikenishi; T. Ikeda; A. Yamamoto

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Towards the Use of Electric Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Holtsmark [8] questions if the electrical car policies give the intended results. He claims ... but naive notion that sufficiently large subsidies for alternative energy, whether it is wind energy, biofuels or el...

Otto Andersen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

Gantt, Lynn

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

116

Measuring the Emissions of Passing Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measuring the Emissions of Passing Cars ... Pollutants found in car exhaust are formed in a number of different ways, depending on the pollutant. ... Of the 307 vehicles with complete data sets,19 126 (41%) showed deliberate tampering, another 77 had defective or missing equipment which may not have been deliberate (such as missing air pump belts), and 261 (85%) of the vehicles failed the tailpipe test. ...

G. A. Bishop; D. H. Stedman

1996-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

117

Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent Tao Zhang, 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent 1 Lei Yu, ,2 Tao Zhang, 3 Siebers Peer-Ola, 4 to include things like car parking charges, price of electrical car, energy awareness and word of mouth parking rates and other incentives on the uptake of electrical cars. The goal of this case study

Aickelin, Uwe

118

Planning Model of Optimal Modal-Mix in Intercity Passenger Transportation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Environmentally sustainable transportation becomes an important issue as well for intercity passenger transportation, where modal shifting from energy consuming airline and bus service to energy efficient high sp...

Makoto Okumura; Huseyin Tirtom; Hiromichi Yamaguchi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

IntelliCarTS: Intelligent Cars Transportation System Ashwin Gumaste, Rahul Singhai and Anirudh Sahoo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, cooperation and cost efficiency. These characteristics enable avoidance of collision between vehicles Sahoo Department of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, PowaiCarTS (Intelligent Car Transport System), a Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) anti-collision mechanism that determines

Sahoo, Anirudha

120

Preferences for alternative fuel vehicles of company car drivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Costs of car ownership for company cars drivers and private car owners are very different. Car use, car choice decisions and preferences for car characteristics may therefore differ substantially between these two markets. In this paper, we present results of a study on the preferences of company car drivers for alternative fuel vehicles and their characteristics, based on data from an online stated choice experiment in the Netherlands. Results show that, assuming current car characteristics, preferences for alternative fuel vehicles, and for electric and fuel cell cars in particular, are substantially lower than those for the conventional technology. Limited driving ranges, long recharge/refuelling times and limited availability of refuelling opportunities, are to a large extent responsible for this. Preferences for alternative fuel vehicles increase considerably with improvements on these aspects, especially for the hybrid and flexifuel car. Under the current company car tax system in the Netherlands, which favours cleaner technologies, these two car types are even preferred to the conventional technology, assuming equal catalogue prices and personal monthly cost contributions. Comparing results with those from a similar choice experiment among private car owners shows that willingness to pay patterns for AFV improvements regarding driving range, recharge and refuelling times, fuel availability and diversity in AFV supply, are considerably different for company car drivers than for private car owners. Company and private car drivers may therefore react (very) differently to future improvements in AFV technology and fuel availability. We finally show that preferences of company car drivers for fuel cell and electric cars depend to a large extent on annual mileage. Market share simulations show that potential early adopters of electric and fuel cell cars can be found among people with a relatively low annual mileage.

Mark J. Koetse; Anco Hoen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

ChemMatCARS Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

122

The taxation of diesel cars in Belgium – revisited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares the current taxation of diesel and gasoline cars in Belgium with the guidelines for optimal taxation. We find that diesel cars are still taxed much less than gasoline cars, resulting in a dominant market share for diesel cars in the car stock. If the fuel tax is the main instrument to control for externalities and generate revenues, the diesel excise should be much higher than the excise on gasoline for two reasons: diesel is more polluting than gasoline and more importantly, through the better fuel efficiency, diesel cars contribute less fiscal revenues per mile.

Inge Mayeres; Stef Proost

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Viscosity-average molecular weight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n .... An averaged molecular weight for high polymers that relates most closely to measurements of dilute-solution viscosities ...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Intermodal passenger flows on London's public transport network : automated inference of full passenger journeys using fare-transaction and vehicle-location data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Urban public transport providers have historically planned and managed their networks and services with limited knowledge of their customers' travel patterns. While ticket gates and bus fareboxes yield counts of passenger ...

Gordon, Jason B. (Jason Benjamin)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Two algorithms for the sorting of unknown train vibration signals into freight and passenger train  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two algorithms for the sorting of unknown train vibration signals into freight and passenger train in particular. To facilitate this, two algorithms have been constructed with the aim of sorting unknown train vibration signals into freight and passenger train categories so that they can be further analysed. 307

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

126

Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metrics. Researchers have shown that flight-based metrics do not accurately reflect the passenger trip by a combination of different factors such as traffic volume and weather condition, disruptions (flight delays shown that flight-based performance metrics do not accurately reflect the passenger trip experience [3

127

Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a Computable. It seeks to provide leadership in understanding scientific, economic, and ecological aspects://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;1 Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle

128

Applied ecotechnological issues for recycling cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper shows the need for recycling cars. Recycling operation is particularly complicated because after dismantling and split a wide range of material resulting in a proportion different and difficult to separate. There are presented two recycling ... Keywords: end-of-life-vehicle recycling, hammer mill technology, shrreder technology

Gheorghe Amza; Zoia Apostolescu; Mihaiela Iliescu; Zlatko Garac; Sanda Paise; Maria Groza

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

When Cars Start Gossiping Paolo Costa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, computers embedded in cars can rely on the vehicle's power supply and may have plenty of memory storage - Universität Stuttgart Germany Boris.Koldehofe@ipvs.uni- stuttgart.de Hugo Miranda University of Lisbon. Both academia and industry have shown an increasing in- terest in building vehicular networking systems

Musolesi, Mirco

130

Chemistry and the Motor Car Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemistry and the Motor Car Industry ... It so happens that this chemical reaction, the production of water and carbon dioxide (which in proper combination gives you seltzer water), is accompanied by the generation of heat which is used to produce power, and after all, power is what primarily concerns the automotive industry. ...

CHARLES F. KETTERING

1943-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

131

North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars September 10, 2010 - 1:47pm Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Two Smart Cars to save Florida city $4,800 annually Smart Cars to be used as part of night patrols of city parks City estimates will save more than $33,000 annually through Recovery Act projects The Parks and Recreation Department of North Lauderdale, Fla., is saving money and reducing its carbon footprint, thanks to the recent addition of two energy efficient "Smart Cars" to the city's fleet. The pint-sized cars, which can travel up to 40 miles on a single gallon of fuel, were purchased with funds from the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program. The cars, which were purchased in Broward County, are used to perform night

132

Magna E-Car Opening | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Magna E-Car Opening Magna E-Car Opening Magna E-Car Opening April 27, 2012 - 4:40pm Addthis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager Patrick B. Davis gets ready to cut the ribbon at Magna E-Car's new electric drive component plant in Michigan. From left: Mike Finney - CEO, Michigan Economic Development Corporation; Gary Meyers - VP/General Manager, Magna E-Car USA, LP; Pat Davis; Kevin Pavlov - Chief Operating Officer, Magna E-Car Systems; Marilyn Hoffman, Township Supervisor, Grand Blanc Township, Michigan; Joseph Graves, State Representative 51st District, Michigan House of Representatives; Tim Herman, CEO, The Genesee County Chamber of Commerce. | Photo courtesy of Magna E-Car. Vehicle Technologies Program Manager Patrick B. Davis gets ready to cut the ribbon at Magna E-Car's new electric drive component plant in Michigan.

133

Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes in the LSAL Data Field Area networks. This analysis addresses the role of car usage in employment outcomes such as employment status

Bertini, Robert L.

134

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

135

New Mexico Electric Car Challenge: November 22 The New Mexico...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to view details. To close the opened accordion, click on the title(s) once again. New Mexico Electric Car Challenge: November 22 The New Mexico Electric Car Challenge (formerly...

136

Protection of Solar Electric Car DC Motor with PIC Controller  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric car may represent new opportunities for any country and its electric utilities. Widespread use of electric cars can reduce ... can be accomplished to a large extent during utility off-peak hours, ele...

Ahmed M. A. Haidar; Ramdan Razali; Ahmed Abdalla…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Are Consumers Myopic? Evidence from New and Used Car Purchases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate whether car buyers are myopic about future fuel costs. We estimate the effect of gasoline prices on short-run equilibrium prices of cars of different fuel economies. We then compare the implied changes in ...

Busse, Meghan R

138

Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in...

139

Explanations of FreedomCAR/DOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Summary of FreedomCAR Targets and Basis for Targets prepared for the Grand Challenge Hydrogen Storage Solicitation.

140

CarSpeak: a content-centric network for autonomous driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper introduces CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from ...

Suresh Kumar, Swarun

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

CarSpeak : a content-centric network for autonomous driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from its local ...

Suresh Kumar, Swarun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Strategies for Local Low-Carbon Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

passenger car. Electric vehicles running on renewable energypassenger car. Electric vehicles running on renewable energy

Zhou, Nan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Averaging Hypotheses in Newtonian Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Average properties of general inhomogeneous cosmological models are discussed in the Newtonian framework. It is shown under which circumstances the average flow reduces to a member of the standard Friedmann--Lema\\^\\i tre cosmologies. Possible choices of global boundary conditions of inhomogeneous cosmologies as well as consequences for the interpretation of cosmological parameters are put into perspective.

T. Buchert

1995-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

144

Cell division control by the Chromosomal Passenger Complex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Chromosomal Passenger Complex (CPC) consisting of Aurora B kinase, INCENP, Survivin and Borealin, is essential for genomic stability by controlling multiple processes during both nuclear and cytoplasmic division. In mitosis it ensures accurate segregation of the duplicated chromosomes by regulating the mitotic checkpoint, destabilizing incorrectly attached spindle microtubules and by promoting the axial shortening of chromosomal arms in anaphase. During cytokinesis the CPC most likely prevents chromosome damage by imposing an abscission delay when a chromosome bridge connects the two daughter cells. Moreover, by controlling proper cytoplasmic division, the CPC averts tetraploidization. This review describes recent insights on how the CPC is capable of conducting its various functions in the dividing cell to ensure chromosomal stability.

Waal, Maike S. van der; Hengeveld, Rutger C.C.; Horst, Armando van der; Lens, Susanne M.A., E-mail: s.m.a.lens@umcutrecht.nl

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Wheego Electric Cars | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wheego Electric Cars Wheego Electric Cars Jump to: navigation, search Name Wheego Electric Cars Place Atlanta, Georgia Zip 30318 Sector Vehicles Product Atlanta-based Wheego has designed compact full-speed electric vehicles and low-speed EVs and said it plans to complete testing by summer 2010. The company has signed a battery supply deal with Flux Power. Coordinates 33.748315°, -84.391109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.748315,"lon":-84.391109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

146

Cars af Tomorrow and the American Community  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cars of Tomorrow and the American Community High School Curriculum Created by Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) Click on the links below to take you to the Chapter heading: Cover Page and Orientation Availability and Distribution of Alternative Fuels Health, Pollution, and Safety Operation, Maintenance, and Refueling Fuel Fact Sheets H I G H S C H O O L C U R R I C U L U M O N A L T E R N A T I V E F U E L S 50 Miles Street, Suite 3, Greenfield, MA 01301 www.nesea.org June, 2002 CARS OF TOMORROW AND THE AMERICAN COMMUNITY L E A D I N G T H E W A Y T O S U S T A I N A B L E E N E R G Y H I G H S C H O O L C U R R I C U L U M O N A L T E R N A T I V E F U E L S CARS OF TOMORROW AND THE AMERICAN COMMUNITY 50 Miles Street, Suite 3, Greenfield, MA 01301 www.nesea.org June, 2002 L E A D I N G T H E W A Y T O S U S T A I N A B L E E N E R G Y © Copyright 2001 Northeast Sustainable Energy Association

147

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. In the final year, the vehicles ran through a series of safety and technical tests at GM's Proving Ground in Milford, Michigan very similar to those GM's own production vehicles undergo. As EcoCAR wraps up, it is only the beginning for the next chapter in the DOE's 23-year history of advanced vehicle technology competitions. In April, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David Sandalow announced the launch of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future http://www.ecocar2.org/index.html . We look forward to seeing the new and innovative designs that students bring to this challenge and know they will find a way to exceed even our highest expectations.

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

148

Dynamic Spectrum Analysis of High-Speed Train Passenger Compartment Luggage Rack Noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to understand the dynamic changes of vibration radiation noise of high-speed train’s passenger compartment luggage rack, the dynamic spectrum is used for analysis ... , spectral structure and dynamic ran...

Chuanhui Wu; Xiangling Gao; Pinxian Gao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Examining changes in transit passenger travel behavior through a Smart Card activity analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transit passenger behavior is an area of major interest for public transportation agencies. The relationship between ridership and maintenance projects, however, is unexplored but increasingly relevant in the era of aging ...

Mojica, Carlos H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Estimating train passenger load from automated data systems : application to London Underground  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this thesis is to assess the feasibility of identifying which trains individual passengers take to get from their origin to destination while travelling in a high frequency urban rail transportation system. ...

Paul, Elizabeth Cheriyamadam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The evolution of passenger accessibility in the US airline industry, 1980-2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since deregulation, passenger air travel and the airline industry as a whole have changed dramatically. While most previous research has focused on the changes experienced by the airlines, this thesis seeks to understand ...

Jenkins, James Joseph, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Core Measure Average KTR Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Measure Measure Average KTR Results FY 12 Target FY 12 DOE M&O CONTRACTOR (KTR) BSC RESULTS FY 2012 Customer Perspective and level of communication provided by the procurement office 95 92 Internal Business Perspective: Assessment (%) of the degree to which the purchasing system is in compliance with stakeholder requirements 97 Local Goals % Delivery on-time (includes JIT, excludes Purchase Cards) 88 84 % of total dollars obligated, on actions > $150K , that were awarded using effective competition 73 Local Goals Rapid Purchasing Techniques: -% of transactions placed by users 77 Local Goals -% of transactions placed through electronic commerce 62 Local Goals Average Cycle Time: -Average cycle time for <= $150K 8 6 to 9 days

153

Bussysteme IIII CarRing II ereits heute sind 90 Prozent al-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Entwicklungen haben heutzutage viele namhafte Automobil- hersteller massive Qualitäts- und Leis- tungs Rahmen dieses Projekts mit der Entwicklung eines neuen Netzwerks für das Automobil beauftragt: ,,Car für Automobile, das eine sichere Verbindung zwischen allen Komponenten von ,,Steer by Wire" be

Zachmann, Gabriel

154

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 11002: Number of Cars Equivalent to 100 Metric Tons of Avoided Greenhouse Gases per Year  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

02 Date: January 5, 2011 02 Date: January 5, 2011 Title: Number of Cars Equivalent to 100 Metric Tons of Avoided Greenhouse Gases per Year Originator: Andrea Chew & Tien Nguyen Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: January 25, 2011 A conventional mid-size gasoline car emits 0.45 kg of greenhouse gases (GHG) per mile. 1 One hundred (100) metric tons (t) of GHG per year are equivalent to emissions from 17 conventional gasoline cars. Item: The GHG emissions cited above are from an analysis record prepared by the Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies and Vehicle Technologies Programs on life-cycle emissions of greenhouse gases and petroleum use for several light-duty vehicles. 1 For cars that are between 1 and 5 years old, the average mileage is approximately 13,000,

155

DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Attendees list for the DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop on January 26, 2006.

156

DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Action items and discussion comments from the DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop on January 25, 2006.

157

Help promised for troubled maker of electric car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Elon Musk, chief executive of electric-car company Tesla Motors, has denied rumours that the company is about to go bust. ...

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

158

Panhandle Junior High takes second at National Science Bowl Car...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Panhandle Junior High takes second at National Science Bowl Car Race | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation...

159

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation (Text Version) |...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

video Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation highlighting the demonstration of 3D printing to create a working electric vehicle, live during the International Manufacturing...

160

West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................ 102.88 93.42 92.24 87.96 94.34 94.10 105.84 96.30 95.67 95.33 95.67 93.33 94.12 97.64 95.00 Brent Spot Average ........................................................... 118.49 108.42 109.61 110.09 112.49 102.58 110.27 108.29 106.33 105.00 103.00 102.00 111.65 108.41 104.08 Imported Average .............................................................. 108.14 101.18 97.18 97.64 98.71 97.39 103.07 100.03 99.64 99.33 99.69 97.35 101.09 99.85 99.04 Refiner Average Acquisition Cost ...................................... 107.61 101.44 97.38 97.27 101.14 99.45 105.24 100.44 100.15 99.82 100.18 97.83 100.83 101.61 99.50 Liquid Fuels (cents per gallon) Refiner Prices for Resale Gasoline .........................................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Enterprise Rent-a-Car | Staff Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enterprise Rent-a-Car Enterprise Rent-a-Car Please note: Partial day rates only apply to rentals that are being returned to BNL. They do not apply to one way rentals. There is also a $25 fee for one way rentals going to JFK/LaGuardia/Newark airports. FX0019 Official Brookhaven Business Rates include unlimited free mileage 24 Hour Daily Weekly Monthly Economy $47.00 $282.00 $1040.00 Compact $49.00 $294.00 $1078.00 Midsize $51.00 $306.00 $1126.00 Full-size $52.00 $312.00 $1144.00 Mini Vans $81.00 $486.00 $1760.00 4 x 4 $81.00 $486.00 $1760.00 Partial Day Rates Hours are 11 a.m. - 4 p.m. or 4 p.m. - 9 p.m. Compact - $35.00 Midsize - $40.00 Full-size - $45.00 FX0020 - Leisure Rates Unlimited free miles are restricted to the following destinations: New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia.

162

Geometric Model of a Narrow Tilting CAR using Robotics formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- structured multibody system composed of n bodies (links) where the chassis is the mobile base and the wheels tilting car "Lumeneo Smera" [4] through the analysis of its tilting mechanism. To model a complex system. Robotic representation of a multibody system The car can be seen as a mobile robot which is a tree

Boyer, Edmond

163

Control system for the prototype of hydrogen powered car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The contribution describes design and construction of hydrogen powered car based on fuel cell technology and electrical DC-drive. The main focus is given to control system and human machine interface of the car. The practical solution of control system ... Keywords: control system design, fuel cells, human machine interface, hydrogen, programmable controllers

Jiri Koziorek; Zdenek Slanina

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Cooper Union wins Chem-E-Car competition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Cooper Union wins Chem-E-Car competition ... At this year’s event, the shoebox-sized vehicles had to transport 350 mL of water exactly 67 feet. ... The challenge was to calculate how much fuel would be needed to power the cars so that the chemical reaction would end and the vehicles would stop on the finish line. ...

RACHEL PETKEWICH

2007-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

165

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line June 21, 2011 - 2:09pm Addthis The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Last Thursday, the Library of Congress's vaunted halls were filled with undergraduate and graduate students on the edge of their seats, waiting to hear the first place winner of the EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge competition. As Patrick Davis, Vehicle Technologies Program Manager for the Department

166

NREL: News Feature - Middle Schoolers Shine in Electric Car Races  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Middle Schoolers Shine in Electric Car Races Middle Schoolers Shine in Electric Car Races May 24, 2013 In this photo, a boy grins widely as he holds a yellow folder over his model solar car. In the background are several black neoprene tracks and other middle-school students awaiting the starting signal. An adult race judge holds her hand in the air, signaling that everything is ready for the start of the race. Enlarge image Xavier Urquijo from Summit Ridge Middle School in Littleton waits for the start signal to lift the folder covering the solar panel on his team's car, "Knight Hawk." His team was one of 97 from 28 Colorado middle schools racing solar and lithium-ion powered vehicles they designed and built themselves at NREL's 2013 Junior Solar Sprint and Lithium-Ion Battery car competitions on May 18.

167

EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate October 26, 2010 - 5:21pm Addthis EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Last year, Americans used about 138 billion gallons of gasoline - mostly imported - for transportation, costing Americans about $300 billion. The Department of Energy, through the Recovery Act, is investing in more fuel-efficient battery and electric vehicles to reduce these costs and training a strong, talented workforce to develop these cleaner, more sustainable technologies. Recognizing the importance of engaging students in this endeavor, the Department of Energy and General Motors (GM) established the EcoCar Challenge - a three-year Advanced Vehicle

168

FreedomCAR Capacitor Test Manual  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ID-11173 ID-11173 Revision 0 September 21, 2004 FreedomCAR Ultracapacitor Test Manual Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product, process or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views

169

Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

chart). France accounted for 22.3% of Western European plug-in car sales, followed by Germany at 17.3%. Plug-in Car Market Share, 2012* (Plug-in Sales as a Share of Total Car...

170

Solving the Car-Sequencing Problem as a Non-binary CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The car-sequencing problem arises from the manufacture of cars on an assembly line. A number of cars are to be made on a production line; they are not identical because different options are available as variants...

Mihaela Butaru; Zineb Habbas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

CAR SHARING AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: FACING NEW CHALLENGES WITH TECHNOLOGY AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and transit linkages. Car sharing offers an alternative to satisfying the demand for individual mobil- ity1 CAR SHARING AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: FACING NEW CHALLENGES WITH TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATIVE BUSINESS PLANNING Conrad Wagner, Consulting Manager Strategy & Development at Mobility Car

Kammen, Daniel M.

172

Fuel Economy Sticker Revs Up Used Car Sales | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Sticker Revs Up Used Car Sales Fuel Economy Sticker Revs Up Used Car Sales May 1, 2014 - 2:29pm Addthis FuelEconomy.govs newest tool -- the Used Car Fuel Economy Label --...

173

Comparison of detection threshold measurements and modeling for approaching electric cars and conventional cars presented in traffic and pink noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the difference in audibility of an approaching conventional car with internal combustion engine and an electric car at various velocities. The goal was to compare the risk that pedestrians do not hear the approaching car in time. Binaural recordings of each of these approaching cars were presented together with either a traffic noise masker or a pink noise masker. In the first detection experiment the threshold level was determined for which the cars could just be detected. In a second reaction time experiment the moment was determined at which the approaching car was first detectable. This measured reaction time should give an indication about how much time a person has to evade an impending collision. Results indicated that slowly approaching electric cars where less audible than cars with a conventional engine. The results also showed that the decrement of reaction times as a function of SNR was halved when pink noise was used instead of traffic noise. A psycho-acoustic masking model [Dau et al. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 3615–3622 (1996)] was applied to predict detection thresholds and showed good correspondence with the subjective data.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Comparison of detection threshold measurements and modeling for approaching electric cars and conventional cars presented in traffic and pink noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the difference in audibility of an approaching conventional car with internal combustion engine and an electric car at various velocities. The goal was to compare the risk that pedestrians do not hear the approaching car in time. Binaural recordings of each of these approaching cars were presented together with either a traffic noise masker or a pink noise masker. In the first detection experiment the threshold level was determined for which the cars could just be detected. In a second reaction time experiment the moment was determined at which the approaching car was first detectable. This measured reaction time should give an indication about how much time a person has to evade an impending collision. Results indicated that slowly approaching electric cars where less audible than cars with a conventional engine. The results also showed that the decrement of reaction times as a function of SNR was halved when pink noise was used instead of traffic noise. A psycho-acoustic masking model [Dau et. al. (1996) J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 3615 - 3622] was applied to predict detection thresholds and showed good correspondence with the subjective data.

Julian Grosse; Reinhard Weber; Steven Van de Par

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze) 237-0121 Yes No No #12;Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries Valvoline Instant Oil Change-9929 Yes Yes Yes * See the DEP website, www.dep.state.pa.us/cgi_apps/oil, for used oil recycling locations

Maroncelli, Mark

176

Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Variable Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences Percent of Projections Over- Estimated Gross Domestic Product Real Gross Domestic Product (Average Cumulative Growth)* (Table 2) 1.0 42.6 Petroleum Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Constant $) (Table 3a) 35.2 18.6 Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Nominal $) (Table 3b) 34.7 19.7 Total Petroleum Consumption (Table 4) 6.2 66.5 Crude Oil Production (Table 5) 6.0 59.6 Petroleum Net Imports (Table 6) 13.3 67.0 Natural Gas Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Constant $) (Table 7a) 30.7 26.1 Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Nominal $) (Table 7b) 30.0 27.1 Total Natural Gas Consumption (Table 8) 7.8 70.2 Natural Gas Production (Table 9) 7.1 66.0 Natural Gas Net Imports (Table 10) 29.3 69.7 Coal Coal Prices to Electric Generating Plants (Constant $)** (Table 11a)

177

Project Information Form Project Title White Paper on the Future of Passenger Travel Demand in the United  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

each agency or organization) DOT $26,383.66 Total Project Cost $26,383.66 Agency ID or Contract NumberProject Information Form Project Title White Paper on the Future of Passenger Travel Demand Project This white paper will summarize recent research findings pertaining to future passenger travel

California at Davis, University of

178

History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts Activity History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts Activity 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions...

179

Solar Powered Commuter Vehicle Sponsored by: Andy Schoenberg, Ph.D. of SunzeeCar LLC. ; Advisor: Kent Udell, Ph. D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an optimal speed of 40 mph. Thep p p graph below depicts the power usage over timeg p p p g for a single stop the system without Regenerative Braking · Convert an Average of 50% of Kineticg Energy Back into Electrical Energy · Increase the Range from 30 miles to 40g miles. (10 mile increase) Testing:g The car was driven

Provancher, William

180

Modelling future private car energy demand in Ireland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Targeted measures influencing vehicle technology are increasingly a tool of energy policy makers within the EU as a means of meeting energy efficiency, renewable energy, climate change and energy security goals. This paper develops the modelling capacity for analysing and evaluating such legislation, with a focus on private car energy demand. We populate a baseline car stock and car activity model for Ireland to 2025 using historical car stock data. The model takes account of the lifetime survival profile of different car types, the trends in vehicle activity over the fleet and the fuel price and income elasticities of new car sales and total fleet activity. The impacts of many policy alternatives may only be simulated by such a bottom-up approach, which can aid policy development and evaluation. The level of detail achieved provides specific insights into the technological drivers of energy consumption, thus aiding planning for meeting climate targets. This paper focuses on the methodology and baseline scenario. Baseline results for Ireland forecast a decline in private car energy demand growth (0.2%, compared with 4% in the period 2000–2008), caused by the relative growth in fleet efficiency compared with activity.

Hannah E. Daly; Brian P. Ó Gallachóir

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A rental car strategy for commercialization of hydrogen in Florida  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article proposes a hydrogen rental-car strategy for transitioning from fleets to consumers in Orlando, Florida. Orlando is the No. 1 tourist destination in the United States, but most car renters visit only a few destinations. A hydrogen rental-car fleet serving this cluster of destinations could provide visitors with a positive first exposure to hydrogen vehicles with minimal commitment, creating hydrogen advocates and potential early adopters in their home regions. The rental-car business combines the logistical advantages of a fleet operation with outreach to many consumers. A hydrogen-powered rental-car fleet at the Orlando International Airport could provide guaranteed demand, supporting an initial rollout of refueling stations. We surveyed 435 rental-car customers in Orlando to understand the idea from the consumer point of view. We analyzed the bundles of destinations visited by the respondents and found that only three stations—an existing station at the Orlando International Airport plus new stations near the theme parks and in downtown Orlando—could serve 64% of renters. Half of all respondents indicated a willingness to pay more to rent a hydrogen car, and this subset of customers ranked the ability to use a pollution-free car as the most important factor in their decision. We then identify the major barriers to a hydrogen rental-car business model from the corporate point of view and propose a number of potential solutions. The most significant barrier appears to be the fleet purchase costs, which we think can be offset by the benefits of free media coverage and contained by beginning with converted internal-combustion vehicles and converting eventually to fuel-cell vehicles. We also outline possible synergies with NASA, Disney, refueling stations, manufacturers and state government.

Lee Lines; Michael Kuby; Ronald Schultz; James Clancy; Zhixiao Xie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge Addthis EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 1 of 8 EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 US Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu talks shop with members of the West Virginia EcoCAR team. Image: Energy Department Image | Photo by Charles Watkins, Contractor EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event2 of 8 2 of 8 EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event2 of 8 Secretary Steven Chu discusses the EcoCAR Challenge during the 'Finish Line' event held at the US Department of Energy headquarters in Washington, DC. Image: Energy Department Image | Photo by Charles Watkins, Contractor EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 3 of 8 3 of 8 EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 3 of 8

183

Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

delivered costs of coal, by year and primary transport mode Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton) Average Delivered Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton)...

184

Analysis of C1-C16 Hydrocarbons Using Dual-Column Capillary GC: Application to Exhaust Emissions from Passenger Car and Motorcycle Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the analysis of gasoline, diesel, and 2-stroke motorcycle...hydrocarbons identified by GC in the diesel engine emis sions. Of the...used on motorcycles in some markets, such engines are in a small...relative merits of gasoline and diesel exhaust on the basis of the......

C.A. Jemma; P.R. Shore; K.A. Widdicombe

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

A brief study into the impact University of Bath has had on CO2 emissions and the cost of ownership of passenger cars.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to demonstrate fuel economy improvements totalling 4% including: · 3% improvement due to the optimised use of oil needed to protect the engine at any particular time thereby saving energy, fuel and reducing CO2 in fuel economy.[4]. These improvements are now in production in very large volumes. The 2.2L Duratorq

Burton, Geoffrey R.

186

Analysis of C1-C16 Hydrocarbons Using Dual-Column Capillary GC: Application to Exhaust Emissions from Passenger Car and Motorcycle Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......can be present in diesel exhaust. 3,5...indicative of a more general problem. The PLOT...the gas phase of diesel exhaust. With such...bags. Workers at General Motors (19) have...identified by GC in the diesel engine emis sions...mode of the European Cycle are also shown in......

C.A. Jemma; P.R. Shore; K.A. Widdicombe

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Testimony to the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources POLICIES TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a course toward a sustainable energy system. For the past twenty years we have spent the technologyTestimony to the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources POLICIES Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Good afternoon. Thank you for inviting me to discuss the need

188

Tips for Planning, Building, and Testing a Model Car  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tips for Planning, Building, and Testing Your Lithium- Ion Battery Powered Car CONTENTS: ï‚¢ Teacher Overview ï‚¢ What Teachers Can Do To Help ï‚¢ Student Design Plan ï‚¢ Brainstorming ï‚¢ Materials ï‚¢ Chassis Design ï‚¢ Transmission ï‚¢ Gear Ratio ï‚¢ Wheels and Bearings ï‚¢ Battery ï‚¢ Testing ï‚¢ Trouble Shooting TEACHER OVERVIEW ï‚¢ The Lithium-ion battery powered car competition is designed to be an engineering challenge for middle school students. ï‚¢ Students will be exploring the following concepts while planning, building and testing their cars: ï‚— Alternative energy sources ï‚— Engineering design ï‚— Aerodynamics ï‚— Force and motion ï‚— Teamwork ï‚— Problem solving ï‚¢ Teams who do not have a completed car at the

189

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line Addthis Description The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. Speakers Secretary Steven Chu; MIchael Bly, Lynn Gnatt, Carlos Cubero-Ponce, Ryan Melsert, Eric Schacht, Andrew Eldridge, Duration 4:23 Topic Alternative Fuel Vehicles Fuel Economy Batteries Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Credit Energy Department Video (Music.) LYNN GANTT (Virginia Tech): There are 16 universities that compete in the

190

Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition June 17, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Thursday evening a team of students from Virginia Tech University learned they received top honors when they were named the overall winners of EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge after designing and building an extended-range electric vehicle (EREV) using E85 (ethanol). Virginia Tech competed against 15 other universities to take home the top prize of the three-year competition sponsored by the Department of Energy and General Motors. This unique competition helps train students and engineers to become the next generation of workers the U.S. needs to lead the global auto industry. "The ingenuity and dedication shown by the students of Virginia Tech in

191

Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition | race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Students race lithium ion battery powered cars ... Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition Posted By Greg Cunningham, Pantex Public Affairs

192

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech Addthis Description Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C.. Speakers Lynn Gantt Duration 1:43 Topic Alternative Fuel Vehicles Fuel Economy Batteries Consumption Credit Energy Department Video LYNN GANTT: My name is Lynn Gantt and I'm the team leader for the Virginia Tech EcoCAR team.

193

EcoCar Students Spread the Word | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCar Students Spread the Word EcoCar Students Spread the Word EcoCar Students Spread the Word June 16, 2011 - 11:34am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program "If you build it, they will come" is a mantra that might be well suited for rural sporting venues, but the organizers behind the EcoCAR competition realize that in the commercial sector, merely producing a finely tuned product often isn't enough to make it successful. That's why along with challenging students to re-engineer a donated vehicle to minimize gas consumption and emissions while maintaining consumer acceptability, they've made outreach and education key components of the competition. Whether they're speaking to policy makers or elementary school students, each of the teams have worked to convey the benefits of advanced technology

194

Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at Kentucky Speedway (NASA)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

195

EcoCAR Challenge Georgia Institute of Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EcoCAR Challenge Georgia Institute of Technology Outreach Report Date: 11/09/2010 #12;11/9/2010 2 plan on leveraging our media contacts, GM sponsors, and Atlanta Clean Cities sponsors to potentially

Houston, Paul L.

196

Electric car batteries: Avoiding the environmental drawbacks via alternative technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, we address the question of whether air pollution resulting from the pyrometallurgical winning, recycling, and casting of lead for car batteries is a serious threat to the environmental acceptabil...

Hans Warlimont Dr.rer.nat.; Marco Olper

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Electric Cars Coming to Former Delaware GM Plant | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

"Another reason we chose the site is because it can be very difficult and expensive to train workers to build world-class cars. The team over there had won several awards, so...

198

Addiction to car use and dynamic elasticity measures in France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mileage travelled by French households with their personal cars, defining their automobility. To feature-price and income elasticities of household automobility, for both the short and the long runs. Keywords

Boyer, Edmond

199

3D Printed Car at the International Manufacturing Technology...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Courtesy of Local Motors Carbon Fiber Pellets 4 of 6 Carbon Fiber Pellets Pellets of plastic mixed with carbon fiber were used in the production process of the 3D-printed car....

200

On the road performance simulation of hydrogen and hybrid cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An assessment is made of on-the-road performance, for a pure hydrogen fuel cell car, a pure battery operated car, and a hydrogen fuel cell-battery hybrid car. The tool used for this study is the modular software-package ADVISOR [Markel T, et al. ADVISOR. J Power Sources 2002; 110:255–66], which is well tested and offers a range of simple, parametrized sub-models or more detailed physical models for the fuel cell stack, the batteries, the electric motor, the exhaust control, the transmission and entire power train including controls and control strategies. The basis configurations of the cars modelled is characterized by high energy efficiency, before adding a fuel cell and electric motor also of high conversion efficiencies. Preceding the presentation of results, the best way to characterize energy efficiency is discussed.

Bent Sørensen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

EcoCAR 2 Competition: Meet the Teams Part III  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The EcoCAR 2 finale starts tomorrow! Meet five of the student teams that are designing and integrating vehicle powertrains that lower the environmental impact of a Chevrolet Malibu without compromising performance, safety and consumer acceptability.

202

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Oak Ridge National Lab's work with Local Motors to build a 3D-printed car was highlighted at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September 2014 with a live demonstration.

203

Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American and transoceanic routes Title Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American and transoceanic routes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Bhangar, Seema, Shannon Cowlin, Brett C. Singer, Richard G. Sextro, and William W. Nazaroff Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 42 Issue 11 Pagination 3938-43 Abstract Ozone levels in airplane cabins, and factors that influence them, were studied on northern hemisphere commercial passenger flights on domestic U.S., transatlantic, and transpacific routes. Real-time data from 76 flights were collected in 2006-2007 with a battery-powered UV photometric monitor. Sample mean ozone level, peak-hour ozone level, and flight-integrated ozone exposures were highly variable across domestic segments (N = 68), with ranges of 100 ppbv) ozone levels on domestic flights were associated with winter-spring storms that are linked to enhanced exchange between the lower stratosphere and the upper troposphere.

204

Mobile Journey Planning for Bus Passengers Desmond Rainsford and William A Mackaness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Mobile Journey Planning for Bus Passengers Desmond Rainsford and William A Mackaness Geography. Developments in mobile technology offer new ways of supporting mobile decision making. One application domain in the area of Location Based Services (LBS) is the delivery of journey plans to a mobile device. Few journey

205

An investigation of the information needs of air passengers traveling to the airport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1998). As the popularity of air travel continues to increase, the number of trips to and from the airport will inevitably rise also. Passengers will need accurate information about all modes on a total trip basis. This includes the modes of access...

Burdette, Debra Arlene

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Development of Improved Traveler Survey Methods for High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-speed passenger rail is seen by many in the U.S. transportation policy and planning communities as an ideal solution for fast, safe, and resource-efficient mobility in high-demand intercity corridors. To expand the body of knowledge for high...

Sperry, Benjamin

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

207

Tri-Met's Experience With Automatic Passenger Counter and Automatic Vehicle Location Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tri-Met's Experience With Automatic Passenger Counter and Automatic Vehicle Location Systems James includes Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) using a satellite-based global positioning system (GPS); · Voice for temporary data storage, a vehicle control head displaying schedule adherence to operators, detection

Bertini, Robert L.

208

Modeling demand for electric vehicles: the effect of car users' attitudes and perceptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric cars and petrol-driven ones and in particular which include the respondents' own cars to electric cars on vehicle preferences. Opinion and perception data are also collected to capture the impact) and currently, few charging stations and infrastructures are available. The electric car user is hence compelled

Bierlaire, Michel

209

Concept of actuation and control for the EO smart connecting car (EO scc)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the mechanical structure, electrical layout and control concept of the four-wheeled electric vehicle EO smart connecting car (EO scc). This car is able to change its shape, a feature provided by a foldable chassis, which also allows ... Keywords: car docking, drive by-wire, extended maneuverability, modular electric car, morphology, road train, wheel hub motor

Michael Jahn; Martin Schröer; Yong-Ho Yoo; Mehmed Yüksel; Frank Kirchner

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Optimizing Tank Car Safety Design to Reduce Hazardous Materials Transportation Risk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimizing Tank Car Safety Design to Reduce Hazardous Materials Transportation Risk M. Rapik Saat hazardous materials transport risk by rail · Tank Car Design Optimization Model Tank car weight and capacity model Metrics to assess tank car performance Illustration of the optimization model

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

211

Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 1970, about 15% of all cars sold were imported (built outside of North America) and about 5% of all light trucks sold were imported. These import shares grew during the 1970’s and the early 1980...

212

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

vehicles through franchised dealers if the manufacturer: Only produces passenger cars powered solely by one or more electric motors; Only sells new or used passenger cars that it...

213

Using Vehicle Taxes to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rates of New Passenger Vehicles: Evidence from France, Germany, and Sweden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

France, Germany, and Sweden link vehicle taxes to the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rates of passenger vehicles. Based on new vehicle registration data from 2005–2010, a vehicle’s tax is negatively correlated with its ...

Klier, Thomas

214

here are no passengers on planet purple We are all crew. Don't Make Crime Prevention an Alien Concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

here are no passengers on planet purple We are all crew. Don't Make Crime Prevention an Alien " " A message from an alien craft was deciphered indicating that Aliens expressed an extra-terrestrial interest

Shahriar, Selim

215

Demand for hybrid car in Indian metro cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The depleting stock of fossil fuels, environmental problems, and global warming are today's major concerns. Existing studies identify that transport sector is one of the major contributors towards these problems. Constant efforts in search of alternative, less polluting fuel are being made. Hybrid car technology uses the gasoline and electric technology to reduce air pollution, and save oil. From the field study it is observed that the people with conventional thinking, constituting about one-third of respondents, show more concern for environment. The variables leading to demand for hybrid cars could be energy efficiency, concern for environment, etc. Despite being price sensitive, Indian consumers are willing to pay a decent premium for acquiring this environment friendly car. This study is undertaken with the objective of analysing the scenario of hybrid car in India, and its market potential. The study conducts a questionnaire-based consumer survey based on demographic, economic, and desirable features in a hybrid car; using logit model and factor analysis for identifying variables useful for the study.

Debabrata Das; R. Srinivasan; Raj S. Dhankar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Car2Go Launches Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on AddThis.com... Feb. 2, 2013 Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego

217

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7: April 20, 7: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on AddThis.com... Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older The median age of cars continues to grow in 2008 while the median age of

218

Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in alkaline media of any non-precious metal catalyst developed to date. June 4, 2013 A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National Laboratory) A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National

219

Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer January 7, 2010 - 4:05pm Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Nicole Lambiase grew up near Cape Canaveral and the Kennedy Space Center where she attended space shuttle launches, dreamed of the stars and had hopes of becoming an astronaut. In 2004, Nicole's dreams advanced as she began the aeronautical engineering program at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Daytona Beach, Florida. Even though Nicole thrived in the program, she quickly discovered this path would more likely lead her to driving a computer rather than a space module. So Nicole made a leap of faith and switched to the newly-formed mechanical

220

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reaches the Finish Line Reaches the Finish Line EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line June 21, 2011 - 2:09pm Addthis The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Last Thursday, the Library of Congress's vaunted halls were filled with undergraduate and graduate students on the edge of their seats, waiting to hear the first place winner of the EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge competition. As Patrick Davis, Vehicle Technologies Program Manager for the Department

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in alkaline media of any non-precious metal catalyst developed to date. June 4, 2013 A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National Laboratory) A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National

222

An experimental study on a model Stirling engine car  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Stirling engine is a mechanical device that operates on a closed regenerative thermodynamic cycle, with cyclic compression and expansion of the working fluid at different temperature levels. The flow is controlled by volume changes, and there exists a net conversion of the heat to work. Stirling engines are ideally suited to off-grid electric power generation because of their multi-fuel capability, potentially high efficiency and low noise. The first model Stirling Techno-rally was held in August 1997 for further promotion of the clean and quiet Stirling engine as one of the Centennial Anniversary events of JSME. In the race, more than one hundred cars competed for the time on a course of 13 meters length and 30 centimeters width. In Ashikaga Institute of Technology, a model Stirling engine car Ashikaga Gekkoh was made for this event. In this paper the authors report on this model car that won the championship of the Stirling Techno-rally.

Sohma, Yutaka; Wu, Chungming; Isshiki, Seita; Ushiyama, Izumi

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Real-world fuel consumption and CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions by driving conditions for light-duty passenger vehicles in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increasing discrepancy between on-road and type-approval fuel consumption for \\{LDPVs\\} (light-duty passenger vehicles) has attracted tremendous attention. We measured on-road emissions for 60 \\{LDPVs\\} in three China's cities and calculated their fuel consumption and CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions. We further evaluated the impacts of variations in area-averaged speed on relative fuel consumption of gasoline \\{LDPVs\\} for the UAB (urban area of Beijing). On-road fuel consumption under the average driving pattern is 10 ± 2% higher than that normalized to the NEDC (new European driving cycle) cycle for all tested vehicles, and the on-road NEDC-normalized fuel consumption is higher by 30 ± 12% compared to type-approval values for gasoline vehicles. We observed very strong correlations between relative fuel consumption and average speed. Traffic control applied to \\{LDPVs\\} driving within the UAB during weekdays can substantially reduce total fleet fuel consumption by 23 ± 5% during restriction hours by limiting vehicle use and improving driving conditions. Our results confirmed that a new cycle for the type approval test for \\{LDPVs\\} with more real-world driving features is of great necessity. Furthermore, enhanced traffic control measures could play an important role in mitigating real-world fuel consumption and CO2 emissions for \\{LDPVs\\} in China.

Shaojun Zhang; Ye Wu; Huan Liu; Ruikun Huang; Puikei Un; Yu Zhou; Lixin Fu; Jiming Hao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR Partnership FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Item Page Preamble 2 Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Charge Stratification to Improve HCCI Combustion Efficiency 3 * Lower Temperature Diesel Combustion 4 * Sensors for Closed-Loop Diesel Engine Control 5 Electrical & Electronics * High Voltage Power Module Hits Performance & Cost Targets 6 Electrochemical Energy Storage * 42V Battery Test Manual Issued 7 * Abuse Tolerant Li-Ion Cathode 8 * Li-Ion Battery Thermal Run-Away Mechanism 9 * Li-Ion Electrolyte Model for Low Temperatures 10 * Li-Ion HEV Battery Cost Reduced 11 Fuel Cells * Advanced Fuel Cell Membrane Electrolyte 12

225

Societal lifecycle costs of cars with alternative fuels/engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effectively addressing concerns about air pollution (especially health impacts of small-particle air pollution), climate change, and oil supply insecurity will probably require radical changes in automotive engine/fuel technologies in directions that offer both the potential for achieving near-zero emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases and a diversification of the transport fuel system away from its present exclusive dependence on petroleum. The basis for comparing alternative automotive engine/fuel options in evolving toward these goals in the present analysis is the “societal lifecycle cost” of transportation, including the vehicle first cost (assuming large-scale mass production), fuel costs (assuming a fully developed fuel infrastructure), externality costs for oil supply security, and damage costs for emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases calculated over the full fuel cycle. Several engine/fuel options are considered—including current gasoline internal combustion engines and a variety of advanced lightweight vehicles: internal combustion engine vehicles fueled with gasoline or hydrogen; internal combustion engine/hybrid electric vehicles fueled with gasoline, compressed natural gas, Diesel, Fischer–Tropsch liquids or hydrogen; and fuel cell vehicles fueled with gasoline, methanol or hydrogen (from natural gas, coal or wind power). To account for large uncertainties inherent in the analysis (for example in environmental damage costs, in oil supply security costs and in projected mass-produced costs of future vehicles), lifecycle costs are estimated for a range of possible future conditions. Under base-case conditions, several advanced options have roughly comparable lifecycle costs that are lower than for today's conventional gasoline internal combustion engine cars, when environmental and oil supply insecurity externalities are counted—including advanced gasoline internal combustion engine cars, internal combustion engine/hybrid electric cars fueled with gasoline, Diesel, Fischer–Tropsch liquids or compressed natural gas, and hydrogen fuel cell cars. The hydrogen fuel cell car stands out as having the lowest externality costs of any option and, when mass produced and with high valuations of externalities, the least projected lifecycle cost. Particular attention is given to strategies that would enhance the prospects that the hydrogen fuel cell car would eventually become the Car of the Future, while pursuing innovations relating to options based on internal combustion engines that would both assist a transition to hydrogen fuel cell cars and provide significant reductions of externality costs in the near term.

Joan M Ogden; Robert H Williams; Eric D Larson

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

The All-Electric Commute: An Assessment of the Market Potential for Station Cars in the San Francisco Bay Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sperling, D. 1994. "Electric Cars and the Future." ITSReviewUP HERE TO TEST DRIVE AN ELECTRIC CAR Availability for testtest drives of an electric car. Non-polluting commuting."

Cervero, Robert; Round, Alfred; Reed, Carma; Clark, Brian

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Greenhouse Gas Emissions (g CO 2 e) per Passenger-Mile-Traveled Bus Pickup SUV Sedan Idling Manufacture Tire Production Roadway Lighting

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars Vicente Milanés, Joshué-- Autonomous vehicles, Power control, System analysis and design, Intelligent transportation systems. I they are named hydraulic power steering (HPS) systems. If an electric motor is used then they are named electric

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

229

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig;

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

230

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Hydrogen is a versatile energy car-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Fuel Cells Hydrogen is a versatile energy car- rier that can be used efficiently capture and use the power of hydrogen -- is the key to making it happen. Stationary fuel cells can and trucks. Why Fuel Cells? Fuel cells directly convert the chemical energy in hydrogen to electricity

231

Case Study B: Fuel Cell Power Train for Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter reports the results of an experimental analysis on a 30 kW fuel cell power train for city cars. The electric energy is generated by using a laboratory fuel cell system (FCS) based on a 20 kW H2/air P...

Pasquale Corbo; Fortunato Migliardini…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Modeling Cylinder Valve in Hydrogen Fuel Cell Car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We develop a fast alternative to a complex finite element analysis (FEA) model of cylinder valve in hydrogen fuel cell car based on support vector machine (SVM). The inputs of model are shape parameters of core and plunger of the valve, and the output ... Keywords: modeling, cylinder valve, SVM, uniform design

Liang Yu; Shengnian Cai; Wang Na

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Efficiency assessment of an evolutive design system of car contours  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference on Engineering Design - ICED 09, Palo Alto, CA : United States (2009)" #12 the designer to browse through generations of car profiles from an initial population of existing silhouettes, called phenotype, are encoded in a genome. From an initial population of such individuals, a GA permits

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

234

The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines Sarennah J.P. Longworth Newnham College vehicles. At present this is achieved through the use of ultralight steels, aluminium alloys and magnesium alloys for some body parts. Magnesium has the highest strength-to-weight ratio of any structural metal

Cambridge, University of

235

EcoCAR 2: Meet the Teams Part II  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

As college graduation season draws near, so too does EcoCAR 2, the Energy Department competition that challenges the next generation of engineers and scientists to reduce the environmental impact of a Chevrolet Malibu without compromising performance, safety and consumer acceptability. Meet five of the 15 teams.

236

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig; ,

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

237

Why do we power our cars with gas? NBC Chicago  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Why can we only power our cars with gas? NBC-Chicago tackles this question with a trip to Argonne National Lab, where work on the Omnivorous Engine (runs on any blend of ethanol, butanol, and gasoline) and electric vehicles continues. A segment from NBC-Chicago's "Good Question" series.

None

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

238

EcoCAR 2: Meet the Teams Part I  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Next month, 15 university teams facing off in EcoCAR 2 will reach the home stretch of the race. A two part contest will determine which team is crowned winners of the Energy Department’s latest advanced vehicle technology competition. Meet five of the teams and learn about their unique approaches to building innovative vehicles on the cutting edge of clean transportation.

239

Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Nearly 64% of new cars sold in model year (MY) 1975 had combined highway/city fuel economy of 15 miles per gallon (mpg) or less [blue shading]. By 2010, 63% of cars had fuel economy of 25 mpg or...

240

Automatic parallel parking and platooning to redistribute electric vehicles in a car-sharing application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subscribers , as well as the electric car-sharing system autolib, comprising 2000 vehicles, 1200 stations for an electric car sharing application. Both perception, planing, control and communication issues are tackled

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic car identification Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quest Car89, and Mozzie HRH97. One of the main attributes... the metaphor of trains made up of cars. The address space of the store is divided into a number of disjoint...

242

Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car Platoon During Passing Maneuvers: Data Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B. Marcu, F. Browand, ”The Aerodynamic Forces on Misalignedof the Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car PlatoonBERKELEY Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car Platoon

Tsuei, L.; Hedrick, J. K.; Savas, O.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Advanced Generation Adenoviral Virotherapy Agents Embody Enhanced Potency Based upon CAR-Independent Tropism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Embody Enhanced Potency Based upon CAR-Independent Tropism J. Michael Mathis...the retinoblastoma (Rb) pathway. A defective Rb pathway in the majority of tumor...coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR), in primary tumors relative to their...

J. Michael Mathis; Phoebe L. Stewart; Zheng B. Zhu; and David T. Curiel

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Fact #611: February 22, 2010 Top Ten Best Selling Cars and Light Trucks  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The top ten lists of best selling cars and light trucks in 2009 show that the Toyota Camry was the best selling car, while the Ford F-Series pickup was the best selling light truck. The F-Series...

245

Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Students build hydrogen fuel-cell cars Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition Middle and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in...

246

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Students Power Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on AddThis.com... April 14, 2012 Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel

247

Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars with Low Fuel Economy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The "Gas Guzzler Tax" is collected from the public for each new car purchased with fuel economy less than 22.5 miles per gallon (mpg). The Gas Guzzler Tax does not apply to light trucks, only cars....

248

Energy use, cost and CO2 emissions of electric cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine efficiency, costs and greenhouse gas emissions of current and future electric cars (EV), including the impact from charging EV on electricity demand and infrastructure for generation and distribution. Uncoordinated charging would increase national peak load by 7% at 30% penetration rate of EV and household peak load by 54%, which may exceed the capacity of existing electricity distribution infrastructure. At 30% penetration of EV, off-peak charging would result in a 20% higher, more stable base load and no additional peak load at the national level and up to 7% higher peak load at the household level. Therefore, if off-peak charging is successfully introduced, electric driving need not require additional generation capacity, even in case of 100% switch to electric vehicles. GHG emissions from electric driving depend most on the fuel type (coal or natural gas) used in the generation of electricity for charging, and range between 0 g km?1 (using renewables) and 155 g km?1 (using electricity from an old coal-based plant). Based on the generation capacity projected for the Netherlands in 2015, electricity for EV charging would largely be generated using natural gas, emitting 35–77 g CO2 eq km?1. We find that total cost of ownership (TCO) of current EV are uncompetitive with regular cars and series hybrid cars by more than 800 € year?1. TCO of future wheel motor PHEV may become competitive when batteries cost 400 € kWh?1, even without tax incentives, as long as one battery pack can last for the lifespan of the vehicle. However, TCO of future battery powered cars is at least 25% higher than of series hybrid or regular cars. This cost gap remains unless cost of batteries drops to 150 € kWh?1 in the future. Variations in driving cost from charging patterns have negligible influence on TCO. GHG abatement costs using plug-in hybrid cars are currently 400–1400 € tonne?1 CO2 eq and may come down to ?100 to 300 € tonne?1. Abatement cost using battery powered cars are currently above 1900 € tonne?1 and are not projected to drop below 300–800 € tonne?1.

Oscar van Vliet; Anne Sjoerd Brouwer; Takeshi Kuramochi; Machteld van den Broek; André Faaij

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2008.

250

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2007.

251

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved in support of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership in 2009.

252

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report containing brief summaries of key accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2004.

253

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2005.

254

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2006.

255

Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014

256

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved in support of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership in 2010.

257

Limiting discharge voltage of a capacitive energy store in a subway car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is proposed for calculating the limiting discharge voltage of a capacitive energy store in a subway car.

G. G. Ryabtsev; I. A. Ermakov

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Property:SalinityAverage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SalinityAverage SalinityAverage Jump to: navigation, search Property Name SalinityAverage Property Type Number Description Mean average of the low and high end measurements of the salinity [ppm] of the fluid. This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: C Coso Geothermal Area Pages using the property "SalinityAverage" Showing 19 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + 975 + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 700 + Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + 4300 + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 3500 + C Chena Geothermal Area + 325 + D Desert Peak Geothermal Area + 6700 + Dixie Valley Geothermal Area + 2295 + E East Mesa Geothermal Area + 3750 + G Geysers Geothermal Area + 217 + K Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area + 18750 +

259

MBTA Green Line 3-car train operating plans to enhance capacity and reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transit agencies face a variety of challenges, from increasing ridership to changes in infrastructure, to system expansions, all of which require significant preparation to accommodate the changes without affecting passengers ...

Malikova, Alexandra A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Regional averaging and scaling in relativistic cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Averaged inhomogeneous cosmologies lie at the forefront of interest, since cosmological parameters like the rate of expansion or the mass density are to be considered as volume-averaged quantities and only these can be compared with observations. For this reason the relevant parameters are intrinsically scale-dependent and one wishes to control this dependence without restricting the cosmological model by unphysical assumptions. In the latter respect we contrast our way to approach the averaging problem in relativistic cosmology with shortcomings of averaged Newtonian models. Explicitly, we investigate the scale-dependence of Eulerian volume averages of scalar functions on Riemannian three-manifolds. We propose a complementary view of a Lagrangian smoothing of (tensorial) variables as opposed to their Eulerian averaging on spatial domains. This program is realized with the help of a global Ricci deformation flow for the metric. We explain rigorously the origin of the Ricci flow which, on heuristic grounds, has already been suggested as a possible candidate for smoothing the initial data set for cosmological spacetimes. The smoothing of geometry implies a renormalization of averaged spatial variables. We discuss the results in terms of effective cosmological parameters that would be assigned to the smoothed cosmological spacetime.

Thomas Buchert; Mauro Carfora

2002-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (after 24-May 2010 06:00):" Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (after 24-May 2010 06:00):" ,,"Choke","Average","Average","Fluid","Methanol","Water","Oil","Gas","Hyd. Eq.","Gas" ,"Choke","Setting","Upstream","Upstream","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery" "Date and Time","Setting","Duration","Pressure","Temp.","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Portion" "dd-mmm-yy","(64ths)","(hours)","(psia)","(degF)","(bfpd)","(bfpd)","(bwpd)","(bopd)","(mmcfpd)","(boepd)","(%)"

262

Phase I of the Near Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Vehicle Program are summarized. This phase of the program ws a study leading to the preliminary design of a 5-passenger hybrid vehicle utilizing two energy sources (electricity and gasoline/diesel fuel) to minimize petroleum usage on a fleet basis. This report presents the following: overall summary of the Phase I activity; summary of the individual tasks; summary of the hybrid vehicle design; summary of the alternative design options; summary of the computer simulations; summary of the economic analysis; summary of the maintenance and reliability considerations; summary of the design for crash safety; and bibliography.

Not Available

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

STEO January 2013 - average gasoline prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline prices are expected to decline over the next two years. The average pump price for regular unleaded gasoline was 3.63 a gallon during 2012. That is expected to fall...

264

average air temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average air temperature average air temperature Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords average air temperature

265

Behavioral Response to Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Refueling: Results of California Drive Clinics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydrogen vehicles in public transportation, including taxis. This study exploring fuel cell powered passenger cars

Martin, Elliot W; Shaheen, Susan A; Lipman, T E; Lidicker, Jeffrey

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University May 24, 2013 - 2:14pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 SAN DIEGO, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Pennsylvania State University its Year Two winner at the EcoCAR 2013 Competition in San Diego. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered in Yuma, Arizona last week for six days of rigorous vehicle testing and evaluation on drive quality and environmental impact at General Motors (GM) Desert Proving Ground. From there, the competition moved to San Diego for a second round of judging by automotive industry experts. EcoCAR 2 -- a three-year competition managed by Argonne National Laboratory

267

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3: December 13, 3: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on AddThis.com...

268

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University May 24, 2013 - 2:14pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 SAN DIEGO, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Pennsylvania State University its Year Two winner at the EcoCAR 2013 Competition in San Diego. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered in Yuma, Arizona last week for six days of rigorous vehicle testing and evaluation on drive quality and environmental impact at General Motors (GM) Desert Proving Ground. From there, the competition moved to San Diego for a second round of judging by automotive industry experts. EcoCAR 2 -- a three-year competition managed by Argonne National Laboratory

269

Fire tests on defective tank-car thermal protection systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many railway tank-cars carrying hazardous materials are thermally protected from fire impingement by thermal insulation and a steel jacket applied to the outside of the tank-car shell. Over time, it is possible that the thermal insulation will sag, rip, degrade, or be crushed under the steel jacket. A thermographic technique to determine whether or not a tank has insulation deficiencies has been developed, but it is necessary to determine which thermal deficiencies do not affect a tank’s survivability in a fire and which thermal deficiencies must be repaired. In order to develop a guideline in assessing thermal defects, a thermal model and experimental data would be beneficial. A series of fire tests were performed on a quarter-section tank-car mock-up to assist in developing a guideline and to provide validation data for a thermal model. Twelve fire tests, with constant, credible, simulated pool fire conditions, were performed on the tank-car mock-up with various insulation deficiencies. An infrared thermal imaging camera was used to measure the tank wall temperature. The thermal images were useful in determining the temperature profiles across the defects at different times and the transient temperature behaviour at different locations. It was seen that the properly installed thermal protection system significantly reduced the heat transfer from the fire to the tank wall. It was also seen that the steel jacket alone (i.e. 100% defect) acted as a radiation shield and provided a significant level of protection. With small defects, it was observed that the surrounding protected material provided a cooling effect by thermal conduction. A square defect greater than about 40 cm on each side should be considered significant, because unlike smaller defects, there is little benefit from the surrounding material as far as the peak defect temperature is concerned.

J.D.J VanderSteen; A.M Birk

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

The role of hydrogen cars in the economy of California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen has been proposed as an alternative transportation fuel that could reduce energy consumption and eliminate tailpipe emissions when used in fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). To investigate the potential effects of hydrogen vehicles on California’s economy over the next two decades, we employed the modified Costs for Advanced Vehicles and Energy (CAVE) model and a California-specific computable general equilibrium model. Results indicate that, even in the aggressive scenario, hydrogen cars can only account for a minor fraction of the on-road fleet through 2030. Although new sales could drop sharply, conventional gasoline cars and carryover pre-2010 vehicles are still expected to dominate the on-road vehicle stock and consume the majority of transportation energy through 2030. Transportation energy consumption could decline dramatically, mainly because of the fuel economy advantage of \\{FCVs\\} over conventional cars. Both moderate and aggressive hydrogen scenarios are estimated to have a slightly negative influence on California’s economy. However, the negative economic impacts could be lessened as the market for hydrogen and \\{FCVs\\} builds up. Based on the economic optimization model, both hydrogen scenarios would have a negative economic impact on California’s oil refining sector and, as expected, a positive impact on the other directly related sectors that contribute to either hydrogen production or FCV manufacturing.

Guihua Wang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Development of plastic front side panels for green cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lightweight design with thermoplastics is a robust approach in order to reduce the CO2 emission and fuel consumption. This paper reviews the role of plastics in the green concept of automobile and develops the design process for replacing steel front side panels, so called steel car fender, with plastic ones. Conceptual design, material selection, and design strategy in terms of strength, moldability, and assembility were proposed. Injection molding optimization was carried out in order to ensure the quality of the plastic fender under a certain manufacturing conditions such as the applied molding machine and auxiliary equipment. Prototype manufacturing was also implemented to verify the manufacturability and the feasibility of the development process of a plastic car fender. The weight of the plastic car fender is 1.15 kg, reducing 41% compared to the steel fender. Although the production cost of the plastic fender is just slightly cheaper than that of steel one due to the high cost of the special plastic, the benefits such as lightweight, recyclability, manufacturability and design flexibility are the potential and practical application of the thermoplastic to the green automotive industry for making exterior parts.

H.S. Park; X.P. Dang; A. Roderburg; B. Nau

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Front gardens to car parks: Changes in garden permeability and effects on flood regulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study addresses the consequences of widespread conversion of permeable front gardens to hard standing car parking surfaces, and the potential consequences in high-risk urban flooding hotspots, in the city of Southampton. The last two decades has seen a trend for domestic front gardens in urban areas to be converted for parking, driven by the lack of space and increased car ownership. Despite media and political attention, the effects of this change are unknown, but increased and more intense rainfall, potentially linked to climate change, could generate negative consequences as runoff from impermeable surfaces increases. Information is limited on garden permeability change, despite the consequences for ecosystem services, especially flood regulation. We focused on eight flooding hotspots identified by the local council as part of a wider urban flooding policy response. Aerial photographs from 1991, 2004 and 2011 were used to estimate changes in surface cover and to analyse permeability change within a digital surface model in a GIS environment. The 1, 30 and 100 year required attenuation storage volumes were estimated, which are the temporary storage required to reduce the peak flow rate given surface permeability. Within our study areas, impermeable cover in domestic front gardens increased by 22.47% over the 20-year study period (1991–2011) and required attenuation storage volumes increased by 26.23% on average. These increases suggest that a consequence of the conversion of gardens to parking areas will be a potential increase in flooding frequency and severity — a situation which is likely to occur in urban locations worldwide.

Jennifer R. Warhurst; Katherine E. Parks; Lindsay McCulloch; Malcolm D. Hudson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Polarized electron beams at milliampere average current  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This contribution describes some of the challenges associated with developing a polarized electron source capable of uninterrupted days-long operation at milliAmpere average beam current with polarization greater than 80%. Challenges will be presented in the context of assessing the required level of extrapolation beyond the performance of today's CEBAF polarized source operating at ~ 200 uA average current. Estimates of performance at higher current will be based on hours-long demonstrations at 1 and 4 mA. Particular attention will be paid to beam-related lifetime-limiting mechanisms, and strategies to construct a photogun that operate reliably at bias voltage > 350kV.

Poelker, Matthew [JLAB

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Laser Fusion Energy The High Average Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser Fusion Energy and The High Average Power Program John Sethian Naval Research Laboratory Dec for Inertial Fusion Energy with lasers, direct drive targets and solid wall chambers Lasers DPPSL (LLNL) Kr posters Snead Payne #12;Laser(s) Goals 1. Develop technologies that can meet the fusion energy

275

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets Chris Cornelis 1 , Nele Verbiest1 , and Richard rough set model, which is based on a similar rationale, our proposal has the ad- vantage a feature selection application confirm the potential of the OWA-based model. Keywords: fuzzy rough sets

Gent, Universiteit

276

HIGH AVERAGE POWER OPTICAL FEL AMPLIFIERS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historically, the first demonstration of the optical FEL was in an amplifier configuration at Stanford University [l]. There were other notable instances of amplifying a seed laser, such as the LLNL PALADIN amplifier [2] and the BNL ATF High-Gain Harmonic Generation FEL [3]. However, for the most part FELs are operated as oscillators or self amplified spontaneous emission devices. Yet, in wavelength regimes where a conventional laser seed can be used, the FEL can be used as an amplifier. One promising application is for very high average power generation, for instance FEL's with average power of 100 kW or more. The high electron beam power, high brightness and high efficiency that can be achieved with photoinjectors and superconducting Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL) combine well with the high-gain FEL amplifier to produce unprecedented average power FELs. This combination has a number of advantages. In particular, we show that for a given FEL power, an FEL amplifier can introduce lower energy spread in the beam as compared to a traditional oscillator. This properly gives the ERL based FEL amplifier a great wall-plug to optical power efficiency advantage. The optics for an amplifier is simple and compact. In addition to the general features of the high average power FEL amplifier, we will look at a 100 kW class FEL amplifier is being designed to operate on the 0.5 ampere Energy Recovery Linac which is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Collider-Accelerator Department.

BEN-ZVI, ILAN, DAYRAN, D.; LITVINENKO, V.

2005-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

277

Climate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based relationship between income growth and travel demand, turnover of the vehicle stock, and cost-driven investment both in reduction of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle fuel consumption as well as in adoptionClimate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling

278

Project Information Form Project Title White Paper on the Future of Passenger Travel Demand in the United  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

each agency or organization) Caltrans $26,383 Total Project Cost $26,383 Agency ID or Contract NumberProject Information Form Project Title White Paper on the Future of Passenger Travel Demand DTRT13-G-UTC29 Start and End Dates September 2014 to June 2015 Brief Description of Research Project

California at Davis, University of

279

EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency May 23, 2012 - 1:55pm Addthis Teams of university students are exploring the hardware of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles this week at the EcoCAR 2 finals in Los Angeles, CA. | Energy Department photo, credit Myles Regan. Teams of university students are exploring the hardware of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles this week at the EcoCAR 2 finals in Los Angeles, CA. | Energy Department photo, credit Myles Regan. Connie Bezanson Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program What are the key facts? First year finals of the EcoCAR2 competition conclude today in Los Angeles, CA. For the second and third years of the competition, teams integrate their systems into a "mule" vehicle and refine their vehicles to meet

280

EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines May 17, 2012 - 4:11pm Addthis A North Carolina State University student works on an EcoCAR vehicle at the Year 3 finals last year in Milford, MI. | Energy Department photo. A North Carolina State University student works on an EcoCAR vehicle at the Year 3 finals last year in Milford, MI. | Energy Department photo. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? First-year finals of the EcoCar2 competition begin Friday, May 18 in Los Angeles, CA. As the auto industry introduces more alternative fuel and energy efficient vehicles to dealerships across the U.S., teams of university students are also making sure consumers have more choices on the showroom floor.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars May 25, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? An improved car buying experience Clear cut cost comparisons of vehicles If you've ever gone through the process of shopping for a new car, you know just how difficult it can be to cut through the hype and find the best vehicle for you. For decades, consumers have been turning to fuel economy labels to get gas mileage estimates for city and highway driving, to narrow their choices and make an informed purchase. Today, there are more vehicle choices than ever and consumers want to know

282

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience June 17, 2011 - 3:35pm Addthis Virginia Tech's Lynn Gantt tells us about Virginia Tech's EcoCAR entry. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony

283

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground June 13, 2011 - 5:57pm Addthis Virginia Tech puts their EcoCar vehicle through the paces at General Motors' Milford Proving Grounds. | Credit Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Virginia Tech puts their EcoCar vehicle through the paces at General Motors' Milford Proving Grounds. | Credit Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Connie Bezanson Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program What does this project do? EcoCar challenges students to reduce the environmental impact of vehicles by minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions -- while retaining the vehicle's performance, safety and consumer appeal.

284

What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? April 29, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Tuesday, Shannon wrote about plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles. DOE is has a number of projects in the works to encourage development and adoption of these vehicles. While the flying "cars of the future" we imagined in years past have not come to fruition, plug-in and all-electric vehicles have given us a new vision for the "cars of the future," and it's an efficient one! What do you think of electric "cars of the future"? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment

285

Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition April 18, 2011 - 1:52pm Addthis Participants in the EcoCar2 challenge gather for the spring workshop in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Participants in the EcoCar2 challenge gather for the spring workshop in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager What does this project do? Engineering students work to re-engineer a standard vehicle, minimizing fuel consumption and emissions while retaining its original level of performance, safety and consumer appeal. The wait is over. After enduring a rigorous selection process, 16 teams have been chosen to compete in EcoCAR2: Plugging into the Future- a

286

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience June 17, 2011 - 3:35pm Addthis Virginia Tech's Lynn Gantt tells us about Virginia Tech's EcoCAR entry. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony

287

A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars May 25, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? An improved car buying experience Clear cut cost comparisons of vehicles If you've ever gone through the process of shopping for a new car, you know just how difficult it can be to cut through the hype and find the best vehicle for you. For decades, consumers have been turning to fuel economy labels to get gas mileage estimates for city and highway driving, to narrow their choices and make an informed purchase. Today, there are more vehicle choices than ever and consumers want to know

288

What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? April 29, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Tuesday, Shannon wrote about plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles. DOE is has a number of projects in the works to encourage development and adoption of these vehicles. While the flying "cars of the future" we imagined in years past have not come to fruition, plug-in and all-electric vehicles have given us a new vision for the "cars of the future," and it's an efficient one! What do you think of electric "cars of the future"? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments. E-mail

289

Application of CARS to scramjet combustion. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopic (CARS) instrument has been developed for measuring simultaneously temperature and N/sub 2/ - O/sub 2/ species concentration in hostile flame environments. A folded BOXCARS arrangement was employed to obtain high spatial resolution. Polarization discrimination against the nonresonant background decreased the lower limits of O/sub 2/ detectivity. The instrument has been primarily employed for validation of computational fluid-dynamics computer-model codes. Comparisons have been made to both the CHARNAL and TEACH codes on a hydrogen diffusion flame with good results.

Antcliff, R.R.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

The world car concept and the volume manufacturer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of the ''world car'' is examined historically and in the light of fluctuations in the price of oil and of the expansion of the Japanese into the world market. This paper suggests ways in which governments and the EEC can enhance the ability of the European motor industry to compete successfully with the Japanese: by eliminating distortions in the European ''home market'' due to differing policies on tax, price control and state subsidy; by evolving a consistent approach to Japanese investment in plant in Europe; by concerted moves by governments to less restrictive monetary and fiscal policies; and by reviewing how social policies affect international competitiveness.

Robert A. Lutz

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Sources Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Natural background Medical Consumer products Industrial, security, educational and research Occupational 0.311 rem 0.300 rem 0.013 rem 0.0003 rem 0.0005 rem Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, provides radiological protection services and oversight at the Savannah River Site (SRS). These services include radiation dose measurements for persons who enter areas where they may be exposed to radiation or radioactive material. The results are periodically reported to monitored individuals. The results listed are based on a radiation dose system developed by the International Commission on Radiation Protection. The system uses the terms "effective dose," "equivalent dose" and units of rem. You may be more familiar with the term "millirem" (mrem), which is 1/1000 of a rem.

292

Fat turnover in obese slower than average  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9-04 9-04 For immediate release: 09/23/2011 | NR-11-09-04 Fat turnover in obese slower than average Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly This scanning electron micrograph image shows part of a lobule of adipose tissue (body fat). Adipose tissue is specialized connective tissue that functions as the major storage site for fat. Photo courtesy of David Gregory & Debbie Marshall/Wellcome Images LIVERMORE, Calif. -- It may be more difficult for obese people to lose fat because the "turnover" rate is much slower for those overweight than average weight individuals. New research in the Sept. 25 online edition of the journal Nature shows that the turnover (storage and loss rate) of fat in the human body is about 1 1/2 years compared to fat cells, which turnover about every 10 years,

293

Natural Gas Prices: Well Above Recent Averages  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The recent surge in spot prices at the Henry Hub are well above a typical range for 1998-1999 (in this context, defined as the average, +/- 2 standard deviations). Past price surges have been of short duration. The possibility of a downward price adjustment before the end of next winter is a source of considerable risk for storage operators who acquire gas at recent elevated prices. Storage levels in the Lower 48 States were 7.5 percent below the 5-year average (1995-1999) by mid-August (August 11), although the differential is only 6.4 percent in the East, which depends most heavily on storage to meet peak demand. Low storage levels are attributable, at least in part, to poor price incentives: high current prices combined with only small price

294

Indirect CP violation results and HFAG averages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current status of the search for indirect CP violation in the neutral D meson system at the B-factories and at LHCb is reported. The indirect CP asymmetry search is performed by the measurement of the proper-time asymmetry ($A_{\\Gamma}$) in decays of $D^0-\\bar{D^0}$ mesons to CP eigenstates, $K^-K^+$ and $\\pi^- \\pi^+$, and by $y_{CP}$, the ratio between the effective lifetime measured in decay to a CP eigenstate and that to the mixed eigenstate $K \\pi$. All results are consistent with the no CP violation hypothesis. The latest world averages for mixing and CP asymmetry in the charm sector evaluated by the Heavy Flavour Averaging Group are presented. The no mixing hypothesis is excluded at more than 12 standard deviations. The search for direct and indirect CP violation in the charm sector is consistent with no CP violation at 2.0% confident level.

Silvia Borghi

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

295

Polarized electron beams at milliampere average current  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This contribution describes some of the challenges associated with developing a polarized electron source capable of uninterrupted days-long operation at milliAmpere average beam current with polarization greater than 80%. Challenges will be presented in the context of assessing the required level of extrapolation beyond the performance of today’s CEBAF polarized source operating at ? 200 uA average current. Estimates of performance at higher current will be based on hours-long demonstrations at 1 and 4 mA. Particular attention will be paid to beam-related lifetime-limiting mechanisms, and strategies to construct a photogun that operate reliably at bias voltage > 350kV.

Poelker, M. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

Microsoft Word - EXT-12-27320_Idle-Stop_Light_Duty_Passenger_Vehicles.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7320 7320 Quantifying the Effects of Idle-Stop Systems on Fuel Economy in Light- Duty Passenger Vehicles Jeffrey Wishart Matthew Shirk Contract No. DE-FC26-05NT42486 December 2012 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trade mark, manufacturer, or otherwise,

297

All Other Editions Are Obsolete U.S. Department of Energy Shuttle Bus Passenger List  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

511.1 511.1 (02-94) All Other Editions Are Obsolete U.S. Department of Energy Shuttle Bus Passenger List Date: Time: Bus Number: Driver's Signature: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Shuttle operates Express between the Germantown Building and the Washington Office (Forrestal Building). ICC regulations prohibits en-route stops. The information being collected below is for the purpose of identifying individuals utilizing DOE Shuttle service. It is not retrievable by a personal identifier and is, therefore, not being kept in a Privacy Act system of records. Official Government Travelers I certify that travel on this trip is for Official Government business. (Please print all information) Name: (First/Last) Office Symbol or Agency Duty Station 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

298

Power Evaluation of Jakarta DC Railway Substation to Meet 1.2 Million Passengers Per Day  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Jakarta is a metropolitan city that continues to strive to develop the capacity of its mass transport as other large cities in the world, primarily the development of the rail-based transportation. Indonesia Railway Company (PT Kereta Api (Persero)) had forecasted that there will be 1.2 million passengers per day on Jakarta in 2019. To meet these targets, it is necessary to adequate the infrastructure planning, especially the capacity of the DC substations which supply the electric power to the trains. This paper will demonstrate the strategy used to determine the point of placement of new DC substation and/or existing DC substation upgrades throughout the Jakarta area from 2013 to 2019. The current railway timetable and the future pattern of railway operation plan are used to predict the possibilities of peak load spots along the track.

Yanuarsyah Haroen; Tri Desmana Rachmildha; M. Ikhsan; M. Ivan Fikriadi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Electric Car Competition National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About High School Middle School Attending National Event Volunteers 2014 Competition Results Middle School Round...

300

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

share of light truck production by fuel economy classification, 1975-2014. Fact 848 Dataset Supporting Information Share of Car Production by Fuel Economy Classification,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The battle of batteries: a history of innovation in alternative energy cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper gives a global view on the historical development of electrical cars. It is a history described in five major waves; the first one starting about 1835 and the last one ending about 2000. With two cases, important aspects of the two last waves are described in detail. The cases are the French VEL car and the Norwegian Think car. They have had their more specific setbacks. Problems in electrochemistry have caused important limitations, as they have through the whole history of electrical cars. This is the background for the paper title: The Battle of Batteries.

Karl G. Hoyer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Chapter 30 - Final Case Study: Materials and Energy in Car Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The status of steel as the raw material of choice for the manufacture of car bodies rests principally on its price. It has always been the cheapest material that meets the necessary strength, stiffness, formability, and weldability requirements of large-scale car body production. Until recently, the fact that steel has a density two-thirds that of lead accorded little significance. But increasing sustainability awareness and legislative requirements concerning carbon emissions are now changing that view. Car makers are looking hard at alternative materials. Energy is used to build a car and energy is used to run it. High oil prices mean that the cost of the gas consumed during the life of a car is comparable with the cost of the car itself. Consumers now want more fuel-efficient cars, and more fuel-efficient cars have lower carbon emissions. This chapter addresses these concerns. The chapter discusses various ways of achieving energy economy. The chapter also focuses on alternative materials that can be used, which is divided into primary mechanical properties and secondary properties. Although resistance to deflection and plastic yielding are obviously of first importance in choosing alternative materials, other properties too enter into the selection. The chapter concludes with a discussion of various production methods of cars.

Michael F. Ashby; David R.H. Jones

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Fuels of the Future for Cars and Trucks | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Final Report - Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis Cost Analysis of Hydrogen Storage Systems FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical...

304

Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World’s First 3D Printed Car (text version)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Below is the text version for the Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World’s First 3D Printed Car Video.

305

REVA Electric car: a case study of innovation at RECC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High levels of pollution in urban areas have forced automobile companies to think innovative ways of manufacturing vehicles to mitigate pollution. As a result, development of electric vehicles has gained acceptance worldwide. With innovation as the primary motto, REVA, India's first electric car was developed and commercialised by REVA Electric Car Company (RECC), a joint venture of Maini Group in India and AEV LLC of California, USA. Supports in different forms have helped the company to carve a niche for itself in the domestic as well as in the global market. RECC's strategy is to sustain its competitiveness and apply continuous improvement as a design philosophy. Though electric vehicle technology is at a nascent stage in India, but RECC definitely sees a long and bright future for electric vehicles in India. RECC will continue to strive towards its vision of establishing a tradition of excellence and leadership in environment friendly urban transportation by offering the best value and highest quality electric vehicles for city mobility. Strong orientation towards R&D, technology planning and quality together with a highly motivated and dynamic team, RECC has the potential to become global. Clearly defined vision, leadership in innovation and a quest for excellence have been the key to the success of the concept and incessant driving force behind RECC.

Chetan Kumaar Maini

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

The price of energy efficiency in the Spanish car market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to climate change, energy dependence and other energy-related issues, most developed countries are attempting to reduce fossil-fuel use in the transport sector. Accordingly, there are several instruments that have been in place for many years, such as mandatory design standards, taxes on fuels, car purchase and ownership, and energy efficiency labels. Yet it is still not clear whether consumers value energy efficiency as a characteristic of vehicles. In this paper we use the European labelling system for light vehicles, which classifies automobiles according to their relative fuel consumption levels, as a novel, alternative indicator for energy efficiency. Moreover, we use a unique database that incorporates official commercial prices along with prices obtained through ‘mystery shopping’ at a selection of Spanish car retailers. We apply the hedonic price method to this database to estimate the price functions for vehicles and thereby obtain the marginal price of vehicles rated highly in terms of energy efficiency. Our results show that vehicles labelled A and B are sold at prices 3 to 5.9 percent higher than those with similar characteristics but lower energy-efficiency labels.

Ibon Galarraga; Ana Ramos; Josu Lucas; Xavier Labandeira

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tracks Locomotives & Cars Fuel (Diesel, Electric) RoadwaysVehicles Fuel (Diesel, Electric) Design N K,L,N Production

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Average resonance capture study of Te124  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An average resonance capture study of Te124 was carried out by bombarding samples of Te123 with 2- and 24-keV neutron beams. The complete set of 0+, 1+, 2+ states disclosed by the experiment is consistent with the data of Robinson, Hamilton, and Snelling, demonstrating that there are no undetected states of these spins (especially 0+ states) below about 2500 keV. In particular, proposed 0+ levels at 1156 and 1290 keV are ruled out. This impacts various attempted interpretations in terms of intruder states, U(5), and O(6) symmetries.

R. F. Casten; J.-Y. Zhang; B.-C. Liao

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Average Price of Natural Gas Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. . Quantity and Average Price of Natural Gas Production in the United States, 1930-1996 (Volumes in Million Cubic Feet, Prices in Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table Year Gross Withdrawals Used for Repressuring Nonhydro- carbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Extraction Loss Dry Production Average Wellhead Price of Marketed Production 1930 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,978,911 75,140 1,903,771 0.08 1931 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,721,902 62,288 1,659,614 0.07 1932 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,593,798 51,816 1,541,982 0.06 1933 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,596,673 48,280 1,548,393 0.06 1934 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,815,796 52,190 1,763,606 0.06 1935 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,968,963 55,488 1,913,475 0.06 1936 ....................... 2,691,512 73,507 NA 392,528 2,225,477

310

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Base-pair Parameters --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Shear Stretch Stagger Buckle Propeller Opening 3DNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.77) -11.79(4.14) 0.57(2.80) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.74) -11.35(5.26) 0.63(3.05) CEHS A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.75) -11.82(4.14) 0.56(2.78) B 0.00(0.21) -0.14(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.73) -11.37(5.27) 0.62(3.03) CompDNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.12(7.70) -11.81(4.14) 0.56(2.79) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.70) -11.37(5.26) 0.62(3.03) Curves A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.85) -11.76(4.12) 0.57(2.80)

311

A technoregulatory analysis of government regulation and oversight in the United States for the protection of passenger safety in commercial human spaceflight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commercial human spaceflight looks ready to take off as an industry, with "space tourism" as its first application. Paying passengers are likely to begin taking suborbital spaceflights within the next several years, both ...

Leybovich, Michael Elliot

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year November 9, 2009 - 12:52pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL If you're in the market for a new car, you've probably been doing a lot of research. Talking to friends, reading reviews, scoping out other cars on the road, maybe even taking some test drives. You probably have a list of things you want in car, and you should consider all of these points of comparison before you make a final decision. Buying a car can be confusing, and you may feel overwhelmed by data points, but I'm going to give you more! Aren't you lucky? Before you start banging your head on the desk, read on. This one might be even more important than the car's color.

313

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay MidsizeCars Year Model Displ Cyl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MidsizeCars MidsizeCars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 AUDI A6 2 4 SCV-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB midsize car 6 25 33 28 7 yes 2013 BMW 528i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 midsize car 6 22 33 26 7 yes 2013 BMW 528i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 midsize car 6 24 34 28 7 yes 2013 BMW ActiveHybrid 5 3 6 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXV03.0AH5 midsize car 6 23 30 26 7 yes 2013 BUICK Lacrosse 2.4 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline FA B5 Federal Tier 2 Bin 5 DGMXV02.4060 midsize car 5 25 36 29 8 yes 2013 BUICK Lacrosse 2.4 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline CA L2 California LEV-II LEV DGMXV02.4060 midsize car 5 25 36 29 8 yes 2013 BUICK Regal

314

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay Large Cars Year Model Displ Cyl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Cars Large Cars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 BMW X1 sDrive28i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 large car 6 24 34 28 7 yes 2013 BMW X1 xDrive28i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 large car 6 22 33 26 7 yes 2013 FORD C-MAX Hybrid 2 4 CVT 2WD Gasoline FC B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 DFMXV02.0VZL large car 7 45 40 43 10 yes 2013 FORD Taurus 2 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DFMXV02.0VE6 large car 6 22 32 26 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata 2 4 Auto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHYXV02.01FE large car 6 22 34 26 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata 2.4 4 Auto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHYXV02.41GE large car 6 24 35 28 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata

315

Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System Meghan R-zettelmeyer@kellogg.northwestern.edu #12;Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System Abstract investigate how much of the rebate benefited consumers as opposed to dealers, whether the rebate crowded out

Rothman, Daniel

316

Riversimple to trial fuel cell cars in two rural English counties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the UK, Riversimple, the Ludlow-based sustainable car company, has signed a ground-breaking agreement with Shropshire and Herefordshire, that will see them cooperate in finding both private citizens and organizations to test drive hydrogen fuel cell cars, and locate and staff suitable refueling points.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Calibrating Steady-State Traffic Stream and Car-Following Models Using Loop Detector Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The research reported in this paper develops a heuristic automated tool (SPD_CAL) for calibrating steady-state traffic stream and car-following models using loop detector data. The performance of the automated procedure is then compared to off-the-shelf ... Keywords: calibration of traffic simulation software, car-following models, traffic modeling, traffic stream models

Hesham Rakha; Mazen Arafeh

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

An Intelligent Video System for Vehicle Localization and Tracking in Police Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Intelligent Video System for Vehicle Localization and Tracking in Police Cars Amirali Jazayeri. Particularly, detecting a tracked or stopped vehicle is a crucial task for further examination of suspects, Experimentation Keywords In-Car Video, Tracking, Vehicle Detection, Spatial-Temporal Image, 1D projection

Tuceryan, Mihran

319

The influence of lubrication on the energy cost of pushing a mine car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The oxygen intakes of 16 well-trained Bantu mine recruits were studied while they pushed a mine car at a constant speed of 2 miles p. h. The car had dry or partially lubricated axles and was pushed with loads ...

C. G. Williams; J. H. Viljoen…

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to certain types of relay attacks 1 . Our attack allowed to open and start the car while the true distanceRelay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars Aur´elien Francillon, Boris.francillon, boris.danev, srdjan.capkun}@inf.ethz.ch Abstract We demonstrate relay attacks on Passive Keyless Entry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Average deployments versus missile and defender parameters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report evaluates the average number of reentry vehicles (RVs) that could be deployed successfully as a function of missile burn time, RV deployment times, and the number of space-based interceptors (SBIs) in defensive constellations. Leakage estimates of boost-phase kinetic-energy defenses as functions of launch parameters and defensive constellation size agree with integral predictions of near-exact calculations for constellation sizing. The calculations discussed here test more detailed aspects of the interaction. They indicate that SBIs can efficiently remove about 50% of the RVs from a heavy missile attack. The next 30% can removed with two-fold less effectiveness. The next 10% could double constellation sizes. 5 refs., 7 figs.

Canavan, G.H.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1: October 29, 1: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012

323

EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge May 18, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis While most college students' experience with vehicles goes no further than the beater they picked up for a few thousand dollars, students participating in the EcoCAR: The NeXT Challenge competition get to experience the cutting-edge of driving technology. The competition, which was established by the U.S. Department of Energy and General Motors, is a three year advanced vehicle engineering contest. Yesterday, May 17, was the first day of their Year 2 judging sessions. In EcoCAR, students from 16 universities across North America are competing against each other to build the most environmentally sustainable and practical vehicle. This year's teams have adopted a number of advanced

324

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8: April 27, 8: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Delicious

325

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Review of FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Review of FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Review of FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Project Summary Full Title: Review of the Research Program of the U.S. DRIVE Partnership Previous Title(s): Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Project ID: 203 Principal Investigator: Brief Description: The National Research Council's Committee on Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program evaluates the structure and management of the Partnership as well as the Partnership's adequacy, progress, and technical problem areas on a biannual basis. Keywords: Advanced technology vehicles, fuel cells, hydrogen storage, hydrogen production Purpose Evaluate DOE-sponsored research efforts directed at the goal of a hydrogen economy under the U.S. DRIVE Partnership (formerly the FreedomCAR and Fuel

326

Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge May 1, 2012 - 10:04am Addthis The team of James Wei, Andrew Jin, Andy Xu, Allen Guo, and Will Chang from Daniel Wright Middle School, in Lincolnshire, Illinois, built the fastest Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car at this year's competition. At sub-6-second runs, their vehicle easily advanced to victory, being a full second faster than its closest rival. | Photo by Jack Dempsey, National Science Bowl. The team of James Wei, Andrew Jin, Andy Xu, Allen Guo, and Will Chang from Daniel Wright Middle School, in Lincolnshire, Illinois, built the fastest Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car at this year's competition. At sub-6-second runs, their vehicle easily advanced to victory, being a full

327

Betting on Chinese electric cars? – analysing BYD's capacity for innovation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article will examine some of the reasons why the automobile industry in China has become the subject of so much interest in recent years. In particular, it will focus on its capacity for innovation through an in-depth study of one company: the BYD group. The article will examine the growth of the group and trace the development of the innovative strategies that have helped it to become a significant player in the electric car market. It will highlight three particular levels at which innovation has taken place, the organisational, human resource management and technological levels, and will analyse how these innovations interrelate to the overall breakthrough strategy of BYD. The article concludes with some observations about the capacity of BYD to continue to innovate, prosper and grow using its existing strategy.

Hua Wang; Chris Kimble

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gromer, C. New age of the electric car. Popular Mechanics.VEHICLES strongly favor electric cars, but on the other,electric vehicles, if an electric car was available to buy

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis -- A Reflexively Designed Survey of New-Car-Buying Multi-Vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gromer, C Newage of the electric car. Popular Mechanics.VEHICLES strongly favor electric cars, but on the other,electric vehicles, if an electric car wasavailable to buy

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New Cars Sold in Western Europe  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2011, nearly 52% of all new cars sold in Western Europe were diesel. In Belgium, Norway, France and Spain more than 70% of the new car market in 2011 were diesels. The market penetration of...

331

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 1975, only three percent of all new cars had a fuel economy above 25 miles per gallon (mpg), but by 2014, 73% did. Great improvements were made in the fuel economy of cars from 1975 to 1985, so...

332

Comparative analysis of household car, motorcycle and bicycle ownership between Osaka metropolitan area, Japan and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motorcycle is still frequently used in many Asian cities, and the fuel efficiency is higher than car. Thus, the switch back from car to motorcycle can bring considerable fuel savings. Moreover, if it is possible ...

Toshiyuki Yamamoto

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Development of a new light-weight car audio using polycarbonate/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer composite based hybrid material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Engineering plastics have been applied to automobile components ... /ABS) based composite material to the car audio chassis was investigated with respect to the key properties of a car audio chassis mainly throug...

Seong-Ho Jeon; Woo Chun Choi; Tae-Hong Park…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A techno-economic analysis and optimization of Li-ion batteries for light-duty passenger vehicle electrification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A techno-economic analysis and optimization of Li-ion batteries for light-duty passenger vehicle 15213, USA h i g h l i g h t s We analyze EV Li-ion NMC-G battery & pack designs and optimize thickness a b s t r a c t We conduct a techno-economic analysis of Li-ion NMC-G prismatic pouch battery

McGaughey, Alan

335

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors;CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) © CARS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

336

Fuel Economy Standards, New Vehicle Sales, and Average Fuel Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The average fuel efficiency of new automobiles sold in the ... trend stagnated in 1981, however, and average fuel efficiency has actually fallen since 1987. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards—the maj...

Steven G. Thorpe

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

4: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster than Average Used Light Vehicle Price Fact 744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster...

338

STATE OF CALIFORNIA AREA WEIGHTED AVERAGE CALCULATION WORKSHEET: RESIDENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be used to calculate weight-averaged U-factors or averaged SHGC values for prescriptive envelope of window (the SHGC values of skylights cannot be averaged per §151(f)4A). a. "Area" can be replaced

339

Local Motors Begins Their Six Day Quest to 3D Print the ‘Strati’ Car Live at IMTS  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An article detailing Local Motors' preparation to 3D print a car at the September 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show.

340

Natural and synthetic DNA elements with the CArG motif differ in expression and protein-binding properties.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Article Natural and synthetic DNA elements with the CArG motif differ...cognate promoters. Natural and synthetic DNA elements with the CArG motif differ...Vol. 11, No. 12 Natural and Synthetic DNA Elements with the CArG Motif Differ...

I M Santoro; K Walsh

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

iDriver -Human Machine Interface for Autonomous Cars Arturo Reuschenbach, Miao Wang, Tinosch Ganjineh, Daniel Gohring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¨at Berlin Germany Abstract-- Modern cars are equipped with a variety of sensors, advanced driver assistance autonomous research cars "Spirit of Berlin" and "Made in Germany". Key Words: autonomous, car, iPad, remote control, driver assistance, spirit of berlin, made in germany I. INTRODUCTION AND MOTIVATION With modern

Göhring, Daniel

342

The initial stages of bioglass dissolution: a Car–Parrinello molecular-dynamics study of the glass–water interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...doi:10.1021/jp805206z ) Car, R. , and M. Parrinello1985Unified...amorphous silica surfaces:a Car-Parrinello simulation studyJ...multicomponent silicate glasses:Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics...layers on defect-free and defective anatase TiO2(101) surfacesJ...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Optical and infrared light curves of the eclipsing X-ray binary V395 Car = 2S 0921–630  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Fig. 4; folding on the alternative periods results in light...Orbital light curves of V395 Car in all three bands B...long-period LMXB V395 Car. We refine the orbital...2003). This makes V395 Car a relatively low mass-transfer...obtained through the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive......

T. A. Ashcraft; R. I. Hynes; E. L. Robinson

2012-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

344

EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University May 24, 2012 - 10:40am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 Los Angeles, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Mississippi State University its Year One winner at the EcoCAR 2012 Competition in Los Angeles. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered for six days of judged competition this week with $100,000 in prize money up for grabs. EcoCAR 2, a three-year competition sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), General Motors (GM) and 25 other government and industry leaders, gives students the opportunity to gain real-world, eco-friendly automotive engineering experience while striving to improve the energy efficiency of an already highly-efficient vehicle -

345

If Cars Were More Efficient Would We Use Less Fuel?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient, Would We Use Less Fuel? B Y K E N N E T H A . S Mtask: just increase vehicle fuel efficiency, also known asexisting Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards.

Small, Kenneth A.; Dender, Kurt Van

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Viscosity of alumina nanoparticles dispersed in car engine coolant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present paper, describes our experimental results on the viscosity of the nanofluid prepared by dispersing alumina nanoparticles (<50 nm) in commercial car coolant. The nanofluid prepared with calculated amount of oleic acid (surfactant) was tested to be stable for more than 80 days. The viscosity of the nanofluids is measured both as a function of alumina volume fraction and temperature between 10 and 50 C. While the pure base fluid display Newtonian behavior over the measured temperature, it transforms to a non-Newtonian fluid with addition of a small amount of alumina nanoparticles. Our results show that viscosity of the nanofluid increases with increasing nanoparticle concentration and decreases with increase in temperature. Most of the frequently used classical models severely under predict the measured viscosity. Volume fraction dependence of the nanofluid viscosity, however, is predicted fairly well on the basis of a recently reported theoretical model for nanofluids that takes into account the effect of Brownian motion of nanoparticles in the nanofluid. The temperature dependence of the viscosity of engine coolant based alumina nanofluids obeys the empirical correlation of the type: log ({mu}{sub nf}) = A exp(BT), proposed earlier by Namburu et al. (author)

Kole, Madhusree; Dey, T.K. [Thermophysical Measurements Laboratory, Cryogenic Engineering Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721 302 (India)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

Time-resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy of the compact interacting binary QU Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present HST/STIS (1160--1700A) echelle spectra of the cataclysmic variable (CV) star, QU Car, observed in time-tag mode at three epochs. In catalogues this binary is classified as a nova-like variable. We find evidence of a high-state non-magnetic CV at low inclination, with unusually high ionisation. We observed narrow absorption lines (few hundred km/s wide) in N V1240, O V1371 and Si IV1398, as well as broader (HWZI ~1000km/s) emission in C III1176, C IV1549 and He II1640, all with a superposed absorption component. High ionisation is indicated by the unusually string He II emission and the relative strength of the O V absorption line. The dereddened UV SED of, on average, -2.3 suggests that disc accretion dominates the spectral energy distribution. In two observations velocity shifting is noted in the absorption lines on a timescale long enough not to repeat within the ~2600-sec exposures. The absorption superposed on the C IV emission line moves coherently with the N V and Si IV absorption, suggesting the same origin for all absorption lines -- most likely to be in the accretion disc atmosphere. Weak blueshifted absorption in NV and C\\IV provides evidence of an outflow component and we estimate a maximum outflow velocity of ~2000km/s. This may be linked to a wind launched from further out in the disc than is typically seen in those high-state non-magnetic CV whose wind speeds are observed to reach to >4000km/s. Unusually, three ionisation stages of carbon -- C II, C III and C IV -- are present in emission, with line width increasing with higher ionisation. The presence of C II in emission and the positive line-width/ionisation correlation is most easily reconciled with an origin in a disc chromosphere, beyond the influence of the EUV-emitting inner disc.

L. E. Hartley; J. E. Drew; K. S. Long

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report Agency/Company /Organization: National Academies Press Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Best Practices Website: www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12939 This report reviews the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership, a public-private partnership focusing on the high-risk, pre-competitive research needed to develop clean, energy efficient vehicle and infrastructure technologies to transform the personal transportation system. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies Learn more about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air

349

THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's Finish Line THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's Finish Line June 15, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Thursday, June 16, 2011, Energy Secretary Steven Chu will welcome the sponsors and 16 student teams participating in EcoCAR: the NeXt Challenge, a three-year collegiate student engineering competition that focuses on advanced vehicle technologies that minimize fuel consumption and emissions, to the Finish Line at the U.S. Department of Energy in Washington, D.C. At the Finish Line, Secretary Chu will tour the vehicles on display and speak with the students who engineered and built them. The winner of the overall competition will be announced at the EcoCAR

350

CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool Focus Area: Geothermal Power Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/refshelf/PubDetails.aspx?Action=View& Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/carben-version-3-multisector-carbon-d Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance The CarBen model enables users to conduct wedge anlayses of scenarios for mitigating U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. The spreadsheet-based tool relies upon expert opinion for scenario formulation and is not intended to be used

351

Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.best-europe.org/upload/BEST_documents/info_documents/Best%20report The BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST) project converted vehicles from petrol to E85, exploring the possibilities, advantages, and any difficulties. Several suggestions are presented for how converted cars may be incorporated into Swedish government financial incentives. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Shift - Change to low-carbon modes

352

Fact #557: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by State  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

From 2007 to 2008 the total number of new car dealerships in the U.S. declined by 430 dealerships or about 2%. During this period, most states lost dealerships while 10 states remained the same or...

353

Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at the Kentucky Speedway (NASA)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

354

A method for perceptual evaluation of products by naive subjects: application to car engine sounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies have been carried out on diesel motor sounds: firstly, the panel of experts of a car maker made. Introduction In today's highly competitive markets, developing new products that satisfy consumers' needs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

NREL: News - Winners for NREL's 24th Solar and Lithium Ion Car...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

batteries used in the competition are supplied by the DOE and teams purchase authorized solar panels, then design and build the rest of their cars themselves. Solar and lithium...

356

Development of an 800-V Electric Car with Rear-Wheel Drive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increasing the voltage level in the traction power network is an evident and reasonable development step in producing sporty and powerful electric cars. Therefore, the engineers at AVL are ... with 1200-V IGBT te...

Dr.-Ing. Armin Engstle; Dipl.-Ing. Mathias Deiml…

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Overview of FreedomCAR & Fuels Partnership/DOE Delivery Program...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on FreedomCAR & Fuells Partnership for the DOE Hydrogen Delivery High-Pressure Tanks and Analysis Project Review Meeting held February 8-9, 2005 at Argonne National...

358

Redesigning experimental equipment for determining peak pressure in a simulated tank car transfer line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When liquids are transported from storage tanks to tank cars, improper order of valve openings can cause pressure surges in the transfer line. To model this phenomenon and predict the peak pressures in such a transfer line, ...

Diaz, Richard A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Fact #575: June 15, 2009 Diesel Car Sales in Europe Still Over 50% in 2008  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

More than half of all cars sold in Western Europe since 2006 are fueled by diesel. The overall share of diesel sales, however, declined slightly from 2007 to 2008. Belgium, France, and the United...

360

The Future of Manufacturing Takes Shape: 3D Printed Car on Display...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Courtesy of Local Motors Carbon Fiber Pellets 4 of 6 Carbon Fiber Pellets Pellets of plastic mixed with carbon fiber were used in the production process of the 3D-printed car....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Performance Comparison of Hydrogen Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine Racing Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Students from RMIT University and the University of Applied Sciences Ingolstadt have collaborated to build a hydrogen-powered racing car. As part of the initial conceptual design ... lap simulation was developed ...

G. Pearson; M. Leary; A. Subic; J. Wellnitz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors (like a butterly, no bleaching after 5 years Miami) #12;Nanotechnology on our Desktops Hard Disk Sensor Medium

Himpsel, Franz J.

363

Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 1975, cars were just over 80% of light vehicle production. From the early 1980s to 2005, light trucks were an increasing share of the light vehicles produced. The share of sport utility vehicles...

364

Ohio State University Races to the Finish as the Winner of EcoCAR 2  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

After three years of intense competition, the team from Ohio State University takes first place in EcoCAR 2 for its energy-efficient, consumer-ready alternative fuel vehicle design.

365

Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

classification does not include pickups, vans, or sport-utility vehicles. Fact 856 Dataset Supporting Information Share of Survey Respondents Who WOULD Buy Their Car Again 1-3...

366

Cars and the City: An Investigation of Transportation and Residential Location Choices in New York City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Higher subway line availability raises the utility of thatof subway lines near home rises, the utility of alternativesof subway lines at home reduces the utility of owning a car

Salon, Deborah

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Optimal driving strategy for a solar car on a level road  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......energy may be stored in batteries. The cars start the race in Darwin with full batteries-- enough energy to travel...40 FIG. II. Predicted battery energy profile for the 1993...velocities to the minimization of fuel consumption in the control......

PHIL HOWLETT; PETER PUDNEY; TANIA TARNOPOLSKAYA; DAVID GATES

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) Microscopy for Three-Dimensional Flow Characterization in Microfluidics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diffusion of mixing species inside of microchannels, as measured by CARS microscopy, is related to the flow field for the purpose of resolving non-symmetric velocity profiles.

Schafer, Dawn N; Squier, Jeff; Müller, Michiel; Bonn, Mischa; Van Maarseveen, Jan

369

Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The median age of cars and trucks in the U.S. continued to grow in 2008. Due to the economic climate and high gasoline prices that summer, consumers held onto their vehicles longer and delayed new...

370

Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 fotw847web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of...

371

Linings with optimum heat-emission surfaces for cars receiving and transporting incandescent coke  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The least reliable components of the cars which receive and transport incandescent coke are the lining plates. This applies to both the quenching cars used for wet quenching and the hot-coke cars used in the dry cooling process. Technical advances have been described whereby the life of car linings is prolonged by increasing heat emission from the lining plate surfaces. As the heat emission level is enhanced the mean plate temperature is lowered and the lining life thereby prolonged; moreover, the between-servicings period is prolonged. This involves providing fins on the non-working (outer) plate surfaces. The problem of optimizing the size and shape of the fins with reference to heat emission remains unsolved: the requirement is maximum heat emission from plates of a given weight, or conversely minimum plate weight for a given heat emission level. 6 refs., 3 figs.

Kotlyar, B.D.; Pleshkov, P.I.; Gadyatskii, V.G. [and others

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

372

Fact #647: November 1, 2010 Sales Shifting from Light Trucks to Cars  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

From 2005 to 2009 light vehicle sales have gradually shifted toward cars over light trucks. The graph below shows this trend broken down by the major manufacturers. This trend is more evident among...

373

3D-Printed Car by Local Motors - The Strati | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

on the screen, along with the words "3DPrintedCar." The video continues to show the 3D printing process high speed, interspersed with diagrams of the Strati and close-up images of...

374

Electric vehicle’s energy consumption of car-following models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we use the optimal velocity model, full velocity difference model, full velocity and acceleration difference model, and the car-following model with consideration of the traffic interruption probab...

Shichun Yang; Cheng Deng; Tieqiao Tang; Yongsheng Qian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay Small Cars Year Model Displ Cyl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Small Cars Small Cars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FC B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 DHNXV01.5WF2 small car 7 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FA B2 Federal Tier 2 Bin 2 DHNXV01.5YD2 small car 8 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline CA PZEV California PZEV DHNXV01.5YD2 small car 9 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 2 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV02.0CB2 small car 6 24 35 28 7 yes 2013 ACURA TSX 2.4 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV02.4DB3 small car 6 22 31 26 7 yes 2013 AUDI A4 2 4 Man-6 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB small car 6 22 32 26 7 yes 2013 AUDI A4 2 4 SCV-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB

376

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8: July 12, 2004 8: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on AddThis.com... Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles Twenty-five percent of the respondents to a nationwide survey said that

377

Fact #614: March 15, 2010 Average Age of Household Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The average age of household vehicles has increased from 6.6 years in 1977 to 9.2 years in 2009. Pickup trucks have the oldest average age in every year listed. Sport utility vehicles (SUVs), first...

378

Fact #615: March 22, 2010 Average Vehicle Trip Length  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

According to the latest National Household Travel Survey, the average trip length grew to over 10 miles in 2009, just slightly over the 9.9 mile average in 2001. Trips to work in 2009 increased to...

379

Fact #835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

5: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 Fact 835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 When adjusted for inflation,...

380

Do tax incentives affect households? adoption of ‘green’ cars? A panel study of the Stockholm congestion tax  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Policymakers have made several attempts to introduce local and national policies to reduce CO2 emissions and stimulate the consumer adoption of alternative fuel vehicles (ethanol/E85 cars). The purpose of this paper is to analyze how a local policy measure impacts the composition of the car fleet over time. More specifically, we take advantage of the natural experiment setting caused by the introduction of the Stockholm congestion tax (2006) to analyze how the tax affected purchases of ethanol cars that were exempted from the tax. To estimate effects, we employ a Difference-in-differences methodology. By using a comprehensive database of the car fleet and car owners, sociodemographic and geographic factors are analyzed, which is unique in the existing literature. Our results suggest that the congestion tax had a significant impact on ethanol car purchases although the effect fades away over time. Furthermore, there is a positive relationship between the level of education and ethanol car purchases. Previous adoption of an ethanol car is found to be the strongest predictor of ethanol car purchases. Finally, data indicate that Stockholmers substantially increased purchases of ethanol cars half a year before the introduction of the congestion tax, which we refer to as an anticipation effect.

Andrea Mannberg; Johan Jansson; Thomas Pettersson; Runar Brännlund; Urban Lindgren

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Component  Sources  Energy  (Sources, Energy, & GHG) GHG (CO 2 e)  GJ/veh.   GJ/veh.   GJ/veh.   GJ/veh.   MJ/an average trip. Life-cycle GHG emissions range from 480 g

Chester, Mikhail V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Spherical averages and applications to spherical splines and interpolation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article introduces a method for computing weighted averages on spheres based on least squares minimization that respects spherical distance. We prove existence and uniqueness properties of the weighted averages, and give fast iterative algorithms ... Keywords: Bézier curve, B-spline, barycentric coordinates, least squares minimization, quaternion interpolation, quaternions, spherical average, spherical interpolation, spherical mean, spline curve, spline interpolation

Samuel R. Buss; Jay P. Fillmore

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Mobility chains analysis of technologies for passenger cars and light duty vehicles fueled with biofuels : application of the Greet model to project the role of biomass in America's energy future (RBAEF) project.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future (RBAEF) is a multi-institution, multiple-sponsor research project. The primary focus of the project is to analyze and assess the potential of transportation fuels derived from cellulosic biomass in the years 2015 to 2030. For this project, researchers at Dartmouth College and Princeton University designed and simulated an advanced fermentation process to produce fuel ethanol/protein, a thermochemical process to produce Fischer-Tropsch diesel (FTD) and dimethyl ether (DME), and a combined heat and power plant to co-produce steam and electricity using the ASPEN Plus{trademark} model. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducted, for the RBAEF project, a mobility chains or well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis using the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed at ANL. The mobility chains analysis was intended to estimate the energy consumption and emissions associated with the use of different production biofuels in light-duty vehicle technologies.

Wu, M.; Wu, Y.; Wang, M; Energy Systems

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

384

Porcine adenovirus serotype 3 internalization is independent of CAR and ?v?3 or ?v?5 integrin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nonhuman adenoviruses including porcine adenovirus serotype 3 (PAd3) are emerging vectors for gene delivery. \\{PAd3\\} efficiently transduces human and murine cells in culture, and circumvents preexisting humoral immunity in humans. The coxsackievirus–adenovirus receptor (CAR) serves as a primary receptor and ?v?3 or ?v?5 integrin as a secondary receptor for several human adenovirus (HAd) subtypes including HAd5. In this study, we deduced the role of CAR, ?v?3 or ?v?5 integrin in \\{PAd3\\} internalization. Transduction experiments were conducted in human mammary epithelial (MCF-10A) cells using replication-defective PAd-GFP (PAd3 vector expressing green fluorescent protein [GFP]) and HAd-GFP (HAd5 vector expressing GFP). MCF-10A cells were treated with or without anti-human CAR, or anti-?v?3 or anti-?v?5 integrin antibodies prior to infection with HAd-GFP or PAd-GFP. Significant (P CAR- as well as ?v?3 or ?v?5 integrin-independent and the primary receptor for \\{HAd5\\} and \\{PAd3\\} were distinct. CAR- and ?v?3 or ?v?5 integrin-independent entry of \\{PAd3\\} vectors may have implications in targeting cell types that are not efficiently transduced by other adenoviral vectors.

Dinesh S. Bangari; Suresh K. Mittal

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

PPAR?-dependent induction of the energy homeostasis-regulating nuclear receptor \\{NR1i3\\} (CAR) in rat hepatocytes: Potential role in starvation adaptation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A tight hormonal control of energy homeostasis is of pivotal relevance for animals. Recent evidence suggests an involvement of the nuclear receptor \\{NR1i3\\} (CAR). Fasting induces CAR by largely unknown mechanisms and CAR-deficient mice are defective in fasting adaptation. In rat hepatocytes CAR was induced by WY14643, a PPAR?-agonist. A DR1 motif in the CAR promoter was necessary and sufficient for this control. The PPAR?-dependent increase in CAR potentiated the phenobarbital-induced transcription of the prototypical CAR-dependent gene CYP2B1. Since free fatty acids are natural ligands for PPAR?, a fasting-induced increase in free fatty acids might induce CAR. In accordance with this hypothesis, CAR induction by fasting was abrogated in PPAR?-deficient mice.

Nadine Wieneke; Karen I. Hirsch-Ernst; Manuela Kuna; Sander Kersten; Gerhard P. Püschel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

New Vehicle Choice, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline Tax  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D. (1985), 'The market share of diesel cars in the USA,diesel passenger cars. Models exploring automotive demand have been aggregate, predicting vehicle market

Martin, Elliott William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

New Vehicle Choices, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and Gasoline Tax  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D. (1985), 'The market share of diesel cars in the USA,diesel passenger cars. Models exploring automotive demand have been aggregate, predicting vehicle market

Martin, Elliot William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Reliable GPS Integer Ambiguity Resolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D. (1985), 'The market share of diesel cars in the USA,diesel passenger cars. Models exploring automotive demand have been aggregate, predicting vehicle market

Chen, Anning

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0: March 8, 2004 0: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310:

390

Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Dataset Summary Description This dataset shows the average interest rates for U.S Treasury securities for the most recent month compared with the same month of the previous year. The data is broken down by the various marketable and non-marketable securities. The summary page for the data provides links for monthly reports from 2001 through the current year. Average Interest Rates are calculated on the total unmatured interest-bearing debt. The average interest rates for total marketable, total non-marketable and total interest-bearing debt do not include the U.S. Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities.

391

ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE (AFV) INFORMATION Over 98% of the U-M auto passenger fleet is flex fuel vehicles (FFV). A FFV is capable of operating on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE (AFV) INFORMATION Over 98% of the U-M auto passenger fleet is flex fuel of both. FFV's are equipped with an engine and fuel system designed specifically to be compatible with ethanol's chemical properties. FFV's qualify as alternative fuel vehicles under the Energy Policy Act

Kirschner, Denise

392

Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.best-europe.org/upload/BEST_documents/incentives/D.5.12%20Promotin In this report, the work with clean vehicles and fuels and especially the incentives used both on a national level in Sweden and on a local level in Stockholm has been evaluated. The report is also filled with facts and figures describing the impressive development in Sweden and Stockholm within the field of clean vehicles and fuels. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

393

Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Electric Car Competition Electric Car Competition National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About National Science Bowl Contacts Regional Science Bowl Coordinators National Science Bowl FAQ's Alumni Past National Science Bowl Winners Past National Science Bowl Photos National Science Bowl Logos High School Middle School Attending National Event Volunteers 2013 Competition Results News Media WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: 202-586-6702 E: National.Science.Bowl@science.doe.gov 2012 Competition Results Middle School Electric Car Competition Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Final Results Team Time (s) Rank Daniel Wright Middle School 5.96 1 Treasure Valley Math & Science 6.42 2

394

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life October 17, 2011 - 11:02am Addthis An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs The work at Argonne ends up in the hands of taxpayers who paid for research Jeff Chamberlain, head of battery R&D for Argonne National Lab Years of conducting advanced research in both the private and public

395

National Junior Solar Sprint & Other Car Competition Regional Host Sites  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Junior Solar Sprint & Other Car Competition Regional Host Sites Junior Solar Sprint & Other Car Competition Regional Host Sites Below is a list of current Junior Solar Sprint (Junior Solar Sprint) and Other Car Competition host sites for regional competitions. For information on dates and locations please contact the person listed in the area or for the entire state you are interested in. Host sites typically hold multiple competitions between several schools. Contact Linda Lung at Linda.lung@nrel.gov or (303) 275-3044 to identify or locate new host sites or the locations of individual competitions with which your school or business may be able to coordinate. Alaska Contact: Cindy Carl Address: Weston Solutions, Inc. 425 G Street, Suite 300 Anchorage, AK 99501 Phone: 907-343-2744 E-mail: cindy.carl@westonsolutions.com

396

Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Debut |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Debut Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Debut September 24, 2013 - 3:01pm Addthis Carbon fiber material produced at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers in Moses Lake, Wash. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) Carbon fiber material produced at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers in Moses Lake, Wash. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) Carbon fiber under production at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers. The facility's construction resulted in 200 jobs. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) Carbon fiber under production at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers. The facility's construction resulted in 200 jobs. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers)

397

EcoCAR 2 Year 1 Winners Announced! | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Year 1 Winners Announced! Year 1 Winners Announced! EcoCAR 2 Year 1 Winners Announced! May 25, 2012 - 1:21pm Addthis EcoCAR 2: Pluggin in to the Future challenges 15 universities across North America to reduce the environmental impact of a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu by minimizing the vehicles' fuel consumption and reducing its emissions while retaining the vehicle's performance, safety, and consumer appeal. | Photo by Myles Regan. EcoCAR 2: Pluggin in to the Future challenges 15 universities across North America to reduce the environmental impact of a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu by minimizing the vehicles' fuel consumption and reducing its emissions while retaining the vehicle's performance, safety, and consumer appeal. | Photo by Myles Regan. Connie Bezanson Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program

398

U.S. Department of Energy Announces Two Utility Companies Join FreedomCAR  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Two Utility Companies Join Two Utility Companies Join FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership U.S. Department of Energy Announces Two Utility Companies Join FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership June 20, 2008 - 1:29pm Addthis Group to Accelerate the Delivery of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles to Market DEARBORN, Mich. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Andy Karsner today announced the expansion of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership to include two electric utility companies - Southern California Edison and DTE Energy. The addition of these utility members will help address the technical challenges and issues associated with market introduction and acceptance of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), furthering DOE's goal of making

399

New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas Mileage Cars  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas Mileage Cars and Trucks New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas Mileage Cars and Trucks June 11, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON D.C. --- U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced more than $300 million worth of investments that will boost a range of clean energy technologies - including carbon capture from coal, solar power, and high efficiency cars and trucks. The move reflects the Obama Administration's commitment to a broad based strategy that will create millions of jobs while transforming the way we use and produce energy. "There's enormous potential for new jobs and reduced carbon pollution just by implementing existing technologies like energy efficiency and wind

400

Chapter 5 - DP4 – Advanced Simulation Settings: Racing Car Engine Connecting Rod  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary In developing race-winning cars, Triple Eight utilizes Autodesk Inventor and Dynamic Simulation. One of the critical design issues in developing race-winning cars is weight, as this has a considerable impact on the performance of the cars. In this design problem, one highlights the key components of the engine and demonstrates how one can make effective use of Dynamic Simulation to simulate the explosion of gases on the piston–crank assembly. In the design problem, one determines several things like the time taken for the engine speed to reach 7000 rpm, the engine torque with friction taken into account, the engine torque with friction not taken into account, and the reaction forces acting on the connecting rod.

Wasim Younis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface v Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Dual-Fuel (Gasoline+Diesel) RCCI Offers High Efficiency and Low Emissions in Engines 1 * Turbocharger Technology to Deliver Better Performance and Reduced Fuel Consumption 2 * Late Intake Valve Closing Improves Tradeoff Between Diesel-Engine Smoke and NO x Emissions 3 * Modeling of Lean NO x Trap Chemistry 4 * Neutron Radiography Non-Destructive Image of EGR Cooler and DPF Build- ups 5 * Accurate Detailed Chemical Kinetic Surrogate Model for Gasoline 6 * Sources of Inefficiency Identified in Light-Duty, Low-Temperature Diesel Combustion 7 * 2010 FreedomCAR Engine Milestone for 45% Brake Thermal Efficiency Met 8

402

Apps for Vehicles: What is the OBD port in my car and what information is  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the OBD port in my car and what information is the OBD port in my car and what information is available on it? Home > Groups > Developer This question relates to energy hackathons and the OpenXC platform. More information at http://en.openei.org/wiki/Help:Energy_Hackathon_Resources Submitted by Rmckeel on 24 September, 2012 - 10:36 2 answers Points: 1 Modern automobiles are laced with a number of microcontrollers and sensors that monitor and control everything from the throttle position to the ambient air temperature. These devices communicate with each other over a wired in-vehicle network, a CAN bus. The CAN bus is one of the primary components of OBD-II, a vehicle diagnostic standard mandatory for all cars sold in the United States since 1996. The OBD-II standard sends and receives messages on the CAN bus. If you've ever watched your mechanic plug

403

http://cars9.uchicago.edu/biocars/pages/news/spps0306.html  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BioCARS News BioCARS News Generation and Use of 100 fs Hard X-ray Pulses: BioCARS Participation in the SPPS Project at SLAC/SSRL The X-ray pulse length emitted by synchrotron sources such as the APS is determined by the electron bunch pulse length, which in turn is limited to about 100ps by essential, long-term stability requirements on the electron beam. However, many interesting structural processes in hard and soft condensed matter and in biological systems occur on time scales shorter than 100 ps (Martin and Vos, 1992), which are inaccessible with existing synchrotron sources. Considerable effort has therefore been put into the development of novel ultra-fast hard X-ray sources, the most promising of which is the proposal to construct a hard X-ray free electron laser

404

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life October 17, 2011 - 11:02am Addthis An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs The work at Argonne ends up in the hands of taxpayers who paid for research Jeff Chamberlain, head of battery R&D for Argonne National Lab Years of conducting advanced research in both the private and public

405

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life October 17, 2011 - 11:02am Addthis An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs The work at Argonne ends up in the hands of taxpayers who paid for research Jeff Chamberlain, head of battery R&D for Argonne National Lab Years of conducting advanced research in both the private and public

406

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Home Organizations DLR - Deutsches Zentrum fr ... Solar: monthly and annual ... Dataset Activity Stream Solar: monthly and annual average...

407

,"Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices" Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Average Natural Gas Prices",11,"Monthly","11/2013","1/15/1973" ,"Data 2","Annual Average Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1922" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm03vmall.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/oil_gas/natural_gas/data_publications/natural_gas_monthly/ngm.html"

408

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface iv Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Injection Timing Strongly Impacts H 2 - Air Mixing in a Direct-Injection Hydrogen Engine 1 * Demonstrated 2007 Engine Efficiency Milestone of 42% Peak Brake Thermal Efficiency 2 * Kinetic Mechanism for Diesel Lean NO x Trap Regeneration 3 * Studies of Lean NO x Trap Aftertreatment Contribute to Diesel Vehicle Commercialization 4 Electrical & Electronics * Floating Loop Inverter 5 * Sintered Die Attachment 6 * Thermal Systems Analysis for Advanced Vehicle Power Electronics 7 * High Temperature DC Bus Capacitors 8 Electrochemical Energy Storage

409

The Remarkable Environmental Rebound Effect of Electric Cars: A Microeconomic Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For FBE and HFC cars, the high capital costs cause a noteworthy decrease in environmental pressures for some indicators (negative rebound effect). ... For instance, there are approaches based on Engel curves (expenditure elasticities)(24, 25) or on the shifting of expenditure patterns between income groups. ... When the environmental profile of the product of investigation is very different from that in other sectors, rebound effects from a reallocation of expenditures can be very high, as was the case for FEP and TETP for FBE cars. ...

David Font Vivanco; Jaume Freire-González; René Kemp; Ester van der Voet

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

410

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier, K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier, K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors.W. Vannier, K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) © CARS/Springer. All rights reserved. 2

Wahle, Andreas

411

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved. 2 2. Method 2.1. Computer

Payan, Yohan

412

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) © CARS/Springer. All rights reserved. 756

413

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved. Segmentation of microcalcification in X-ray mammograms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights

Joskowicz, Leo

414

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber CARS/Springer. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors is extracted based on the #12;CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J

Louisville, University of

415

Higher-order averaging, formal series and numerical integration II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems of ordinary differential equations with d 1 non- resonant constant frequencies. Formal series frequency and four resonant fast frequencies. Keywords and sentences: Averaging, high-order averaging, quasi Schumann, 35170 Bruz, France. Email: Philippe.Chartier@inria.fr Konputazio Zientziak eta A. A. Saila

Murua, Ander

416

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East Asia from NREL East Asia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

417

Do Diurnal Aerosol Changes Affect Daily Average Radiative Forcing?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strong diurnal variability of aerosol has been observed frequently for many urban/industrial regions. How this variability may alter the direct aerosol radiative forcing (DARF), however, is largely unknown. To quantify changes in the time-averaged DARF, we perform an assessment of 29 days of high temporal resolution ground-based data collected during the Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) on Cape Cod, which is downwind of metropolitan areas. We demonstrate that strong diurnal changes of aerosol loading (about 20% on average) have a negligible impact on the 24-h average DARF, when daily averaged optical properties are used to find this quantity. However, when there is a sparse temporal sampling of aerosol properties, which may preclude the calculation of daily averaged optical properties, large errors (up to 100%) in the computed DARF may occur. We describe a simple way of reducing these errors, which suggests the minimal temporal sampling needed to accurately find the forcing.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Barnard, James C.; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Berg, Larry K.; Michalsky, Joseph J.; Lantz, K.; Hodges, G. B.

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

418

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa from NREL Africa from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

419

Averaged dynamics of ultra-relativisitc charged particles beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we consider the suitability of using the charged cold fluid model in the description of ultra-relativistic beams. The method that we have used is the following. Firstly, the necessary notions of kinetic theory and differential geometry of second order differential equations are explained. Then an averaging procedure is applied to a connection associated with the Lorentz force equation. The result of this averaging is an affine connection on the space-time manifold. The corresponding geodesic equation defines the averaged Lorentz force equation. We prove that for ultra-relativistic beams described by narrow distribution functions, the solutions of both equations are similar. This fact justifies the replacement of the Lorentz force equation by the simpler {\\it averaged Lorentz force equation}. After this, for each of these models we associate the corresponding kinetic model, which are based on the Vlasov equation and {\\it averaged Vlasov equation} respectively. The averaged Vlasov equation is simpler than the original Vlasov equation. This fact allows us to prove that the differential operation defining the averaged charged cold fluid equation is controlled by the {\\it diameter of the distribution function}, by powers of the {\\it energy of the beam} and by the time of evolution $t$. We show that the Vlasov equation and the averaged Vlasov equation have similar solutions, when the initial conditions are the same. Finally, as an application of the {\\it averaged Lorentz force equation} we re-derive the beam dynamics formalism used in accelerator physics from the Jacobi equation of the averaged Lorentz force equation.

Ricardo Gallego Torromé

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

420

Power Electronics Design of a Solar Powered In-car Wireless Tag for Asset Tracking and Parking Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Electronics Design of a Solar Powered In-car Wireless Tag for Asset Tracking and Parking and testing of a power conditioning circuit for a solar powered in-car wireless tag for asset tracking. A suitable solar cell was chosen for its high power density. Charging circuit, hysteresis control circuit

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Experimental Validation of a Numerical Controller Using Convex Optimization with Linear Matrix Inequalities on a Quarter-Car Suspension System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the transfer function from the road disturbance to the actuating effort with the change in the sprung mass of the quarter-car system. The quarter-car system makes use of a linear brushless permanent magnet motor (LBPMM) as an actuator, a linear variable...

Chintala, Rohit

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

422

The design of electric motor car's body network based on CAN-bus distributed control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CAN-bus is a typical bus control technology, and is now widely applied in many areas. In view of the characteristics of the electric vehicle body, this paper puts forward a plan that applies CAN-bus technology to build electric vehicle body network. ... Keywords: CAN bus, distributed control, electric car and body network

Wang Jianfeng; Wang Dafang; Xiong Jie

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Sound-insulation layer modelling in car computational vibroacoustics in the medium-frequency range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound-insulation layer modelling in car computational vibroacoustics in the medium-frequency range In a previous article, a simplified low- and medium-frequency model for un- certain automotive sound-insulation. In this paper, the insulation simplified model is implemented in an in- dustrial stochastic vibroacoustic model

Boyer, Edmond

424

Two Billion Cars: What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

April 13, 2009: Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis, presents the next installment of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Divisions Distinguished Lecture series. He discusses Two Billion Cars and What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy.

Daniel Sperling

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

425

Hyundai Motor shows ix35 Fuel Cell car can be used to grow food  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Korean automaker Hyundai Motor Company recently unveiled a unique piece of design theatre that aims to educate people about the real-life benefits of hydrogen fuel cell technology. The Hyundai Fuel Cell Farm – the world's first aquaponics ecosystem powered by Hyundai's zero-emission ix35 Fuel Cell car – was on display for one day in front of the Design Museum in London.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

The Effect of Monetary Incentives on Sales of Advanced Clean Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale commercialization of zero emission vehicles-- both hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) and plug-in electric vehiclesThe Effect of Monetary Incentives on Sales of Advanced Clean Cars in the United States: Summary a transformation of the transportation sector to vehicles and fuels that have low-to-zero lifecycle emissions

California at Davis, University of

427

A Clustering-Assisted Regression (CAR) approach for developing spatial climate data sets in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Clustering-Assisted Regression (CAR) approach for developing spatial climate data sets in China t There is an increasing demand for improving spatial resolution of climate data. However, an increase in resolution does spatial data of monthly mean temperature and monthly precipitation at a national scale in mainland China

Pittendrigh, Barry

428

CRC fuel rating program: road octane performance of oxygenates in 1982 model cars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of the widespread interest in the use of alcohols and ethers as gasoline blending components, this program was conducted to evaluate the effects of several oxygenates on gasoline octane performance and to evaluate the effects of car design features such as engine and transmission type. Five oxygenates were evaluated at two nominal concentrations, 5 and 10 volume%, at both regular- and premium-grade octane levels: methanol (MeOH), ethanol (ETOH), isopropanol (IPA), tertiary butanol (TBA), and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE). A blend of 5% MeOH and 5 percent TBA was also tested at both octane levels. Twenty-eight unleaded fuels, including four hydrocarbon fuels, two hydrocarbon fuels plus toluene, and twenty-two oxygenated fuels, were rated in duplicate in thirty-eight cars using the Modified Uniontown Technique (CRC Designation F-28-75 described in Appendix C), plus some additional instructions. All testing was done on chassis dynamometers. Ratings were obtained at full throttle with all thirty-eight cars, and at the most critical part-throttle condition (occurring with manifold vacuum of 4 in. Hg (13.5 kPa) or greater above the full-throttle vacuum) with nine cars.

Not Available

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions Cars (Behavioral Focus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Source(s) and Amounts Provided (by each agency or organization) USDOT $34,618.33 Total Project Cost $34Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions ­ Cars (Behavioral Focus Description of Research Project The purpose of this review is to provide energy and environment policy makers

California at Davis, University of

430

Solvation Structure of Hydroxyl Radical by Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Car?Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations of a hydroxyl radical in liquid water have been performed. ... A hydrogen bond between the two waters is formed and the first water molecule is pushed toward the hydroxyl. ... The resulting velocity autocorrelation power spectra calculated separately for the atomic species from the hydroxyl and from the water molecules are shown in Figure 12. ...

Julia M. Khalack; Alexander P. Lyubartsev

2004-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

431

A RECOGNITION SYSTEM THAT USES SACCADES TO DETECT CARS FROM REAL-TIME VIDEO STREAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for vehicle detection [3, 4], our approach does not rely on motion information, and the system can detect bothA RECOGNITION SYSTEM THAT USES SACCADES TO DETECT CARS FROM REAL-TIME VIDEO STREAMS Predrag ABSTRACT In this work we present a system for detection of ob- jects from video streams based on properties

432

Two Billion Cars: What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

April 13, 2009: Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis, presents the next installment of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Divisions Distinguished Lecture series. He discusses Two Billion Cars and What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy.

Daniel Sperling

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Strong permanent magnets provide a backbone technology required many products, including computers, electric cars, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, electric cars, and wind-powered generators. Currently, the strongest permanent magnets contain rare earth for most technologies requiring permanent magnets, due to their high energy product and coercivity. However, and the extreme price volatility in recent years have led scientists to seek alternative formulas for permanent

McQuade, D. Tyler

434

THE JOURNAL OF WORLD TRANSPORT POLICY & PRACTICE 10. CarLink -A smart carsharing system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shaheen, CarLink Project Manager Editor's Note: The author of this piece is today intensely involved, here she is as entrepreneur and managerbehind an ambitious carsharing project. This is a report on the first months of their experience and goals for the future. Introduction Carsharing organizations, which

Kammen, Daniel M.

435

Virtual Ergonomic Assessment of First Saudi Arabian Designed Car in a Semi-Immersive Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the last decade human factors is drawing more attention in the design, engineering, production, and maintenance of new industrial products especially in automotive industry. Ergonomic quality is becoming a critical criterion for the success of many products. Recently, virtual reality (VR) technique is widely applied during different phases of product development. The use of VR allows designer reducing the production of physical prototypes that are very expensive and requires long production time. Virtual humans are used in the automotive industry especially for ergonomic analysis of a virtual prototype of a car. In this research work, an ergonomic assessment for first Saudi Arabian Car known has been performed. CATIA V5 human builder module was used to develop the virtual humans of American male 50 and 95 percentile, which were utilized to carry out the ergonomic analysis of driver's seat. The main goal of the research is to develop a virtual environment (VE) that allow designers and engineer to evaluate the car interiors and driver's seat position using the digital mock-up instead of building the physical prototype, having a virtual validation of the project, in its early development phases. A successful ergonomics assessment has been performed on the digital model of the car in a semi-immersive virtual environment and recommendations were made for the driver's seat position based on the assessment.

Mustufa H. Abidi; A.M. El-Tamimi; A.M. Al-Ahmari; S.M. Darwish; M.S. Rasheed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Homing a Teleoperated Car using Monocular SLAM Nuno Ribeiro, Ricardo Ferreira, Jos Gaspar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

possible the communication between the user's pc, the Axis camera and the Arduino; and (iii) Design- ing and Software Setup A car is assembled based in a network (IP) camera, one Arduino Uno, one Motor Shield and two with the objective of processing user's instructions and sends the corresponding signals to the Arduino board. Once

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

437

CARS, GAS, AND POLLUTION POLICIES Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS, GAS, AND POLLUTION POLICIES Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes, reduc- ing automobile-related gasoline consumption has become a major U.S. public policy issue. Recently, many analysts have called for new or more stringent policies to discourage gasoline consumption

Boyer, Edmond

438

Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition April 3, 2012 Designing and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in the annual Hydrogen Fuel Cell Challenge - Tommy Rockward, of LANL's Sensors and Electromechanical Devices group, demonstrated a hydrogen fuel-cell

439

Future energy and emissions policy scenarios in Ireland for private car transport  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we use a technological model of Ireland's future car stock to simulate the impact of a range of policy measures on the baseline trend in energy demand in the period to 2030. The policies and measures modelled comprise meeting deployment targets for electric vehicles and compressed natural gas vehicles, an EU regulation for the improvement of vehicle efficiency, implementation of a national biofuel obligation, as well as several behavioural measures (encouraging modal shifting and reduced travel demand). The impact of the different measures simulated is measured in terms of their contribution to meeting Ireland's ambitious targets for energy savings, for renewable energy penetration and for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions. The results point to a possible improvement of 32% in car stock efficiency, the achievement of 7.8% renewable energy share of road and rail transport and a 22% reduction in non-ETS private car CO2 emissions relative to 2009 levels. A scenario analysis on meeting the EV penetration target shows a significant range of CO2 emissions reductions depending on the cars (and mileage) displaced and on the electricity generation portfolio.

Hannah E. Daly; Brian P. Ó Gallachóir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

How does interior car noise alter driver's perception of motion? Multisensory integration in speed perception  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electric motorizations brings new balance between noise sources inside the car, due to the loss of engine, electric motor sound, no sound), in two visual conditions (night and day). We found that acoustic feedback threshold of apparent motion, trajectory or speed. Automobile noise sources can give information about

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power By Merrian C. Fuller of the Inter- governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Thus far much of the effort has been focused, such as improving energy efficiency and add- ing solar photovoltaics (PV) and solar thermal systems to buildings

Kammen, Daniel M.

442

EcoCAR 2 Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals EcoCAR 2 Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals May 20, 2013 - 5:44pm Addthis The University of Washington team works on their vehicle while lifted on a hoist. Teams are working in a garage that is fully equipped with tools that will help them make the most of their time this week. | Photo courtesy of EcoCAR 2. The University of Washington team works on their vehicle while lifted on a hoist. Teams are working in a garage that is fully equipped with tools that will help them make the most of their time this week. | Photo courtesy of EcoCAR 2. A team member from Purdue University works on a line for their vehicle’s high voltage battery. Purdue University’s vehicle is a split parallel hybrid. | Photo courtesy of EcoCAR 2.

443

Measurement of average resistance in underwater breathing apparatus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Underwater Breathing Apparatus (UBA) have long been characterized by the mechanical work done on them during simulated breathing. For 20 years, the work of breathing has been divided by tidal volume to yield what is properly considered a volume-averaged pressure. The authors assert that when volume-averaged pressure is divided by a factor proportional to ventilation, the result is a measure of flow resistance averaged over an entire breath. This point is illustrated with both theoretical and actual pressure-volume and pressure-flow curves for a MK 16 closed-circuit UBA.

Clarke, J.R. [Navy Experimental Diving Unit, Panama City, FL (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Time average vibration fringe analysis using Hilbert transformation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantitative phase information from a single interferogram can be obtained using the Hilbert transform (HT). We have applied the HT method for quantitative evaluation of Bessel fringes obtained in time average TV holography. The method requires only one fringe pattern for the extraction of vibration amplitude and reduces the complexity in quantifying the data experienced in the time average reference bias modulation method, which uses multiple fringe frames. The technique is demonstrated for the measurement of out-of-plane vibration amplitude on a small scale specimen using a time average microscopic TV holography system.

Kumar, Upputuri Paul; Mohan, Nandigana Krishna; Kothiyal, Mahendra Prasad

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

445

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aggregate Aggregate Ratio: See Mean and Ratio Estimate. AMPD: Average miles driven per day. See Appendix B, "Estimation Methodologies." Annual Vehicle Miles Traveled: See Vehicle Miles Traveled. Automobile: Includes standard passenger car, 2-seater car and station wagons; excludes passenger vans, cargo vans, motor homes, pickup trucks, and jeeps or similar vehicles. See Vehicle. Average Household Energy Expenditures: A ratio estimate defined as the total household energy expenditures for all RTECS households divided by the total number of households. See Ratio Estimate, and Combined Household Energy Expenditures. Average Number of Vehicles per Household: The average number of vehicles used by a household for personal transportation during 1991. For this report, the average number of vehicles per household is computed as the ratio of the total number of vehicles to the

446

annual average heating degree days | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average heating degree days average heating degree days Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Heating Degree Days below 18° C (degree days)The monthly accumulation of degrees when the daily mean temperature is below 18° C.NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly Average & Annual Sum (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Heating Degree Days Below 18 degrees C (degree days)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords annual average heating degree days climate GIS NASA SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.7 MiB)

447

Averaging Spacetime: Where do we go from here?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The construction of an averaged theory of gravity based on Einstein's General Relativity is very difficult due to the non-linear nature of the gravitational field equations. This problem is further exacerbated by the difficulty in defining a mathematically precise covariant averaging procedure for tensor fields over differentiable manifolds. Together, these two ideas have been called the averaging problem for General Relativity. In the first part of the talk, an attempt to review some the various approaches to this problem will be given, highlighting strengths, weaknesses, and commonalities between them. In the second part of the talk, an argument will be made, that if one wishes to develop a well-defined averaging procedure, one may choose to parallel transport along geodesics with respect to the Levi-Cevita connection or, use the Weitzenb\\"ock connection and ensure the transportation is independent of path. The talk concludes with some open questions to generate further discussion.

R. J. van den Hoogen

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

U.S. average gasoline price up slightly  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's up a tenth of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S....

449

Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Highway Administration studies traffic volume and flow on major truck routes by tracking more than 500,000 trucks. The average speed of trucks on selected interstate highways is between...

450

Abstract Interpretation for Worst and Average Case Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy usage whilst bounding the average number of requests waiting to be served. PRISM is used phase extracts a control flow graph ­ for some classes of language this may already involve an abstract

Di Pierro, Alessandra

451

Weighted Coherence: A More Effective Measure Than Average Coherence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of the statistic, “Weighted Coherence” in relation to the average or mean coherence in a particular frequency band after cross- ... using cross-spectral analysis is r...

Vikram Kumar Yeragani; Arindam Barua…

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Table 17. Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing U.S. Mines by Mine Production Range and Mine Type, 2012 (million short tons) U.S. Energy Information...

453

Table A44. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity and Steam  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity and Steam" 4. Average Prices of Purchased Electricity and Steam" " by Type of Supplier, Census Region, Census Division, and" " Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1994" " (Estimates in Dollars per Physical Units)" ," Electricity",," Steam" ," (kWh)",," (million Btu)" ,,,,,"RSE" ,"Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Nonutility","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Factors"

454

Flavor Physics Data from the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG) was established at the May 2002 Flavor Physics and CP Violation Conference in Philadelphia, and continues the LEP Heavy Flavor Steering Group's tradition of providing regular updates to the world averages of heavy flavor quantities. Data are provided by six subgroups that each focus on a different set of heavy flavor measurements: B lifetimes and oscillation parameters, Semi-leptonic B decays, Rare B decays, Unitarity triangle parameters, B decays to charm final states, and Charm Physics.

455

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South America from NREL South America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

456

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America and the Carribean from NREL Central America and the Carribean from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

457

U.S. Refiner Sales to End Users (Average) Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Formulation/ Grade Sales Type Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Conventional, Average 3.030 3.137 3.122 3.063 3.042 2.972 1994-2013 Conventional Regular 3.005 3.116 3.102 3.040 3.017 2.948 1994-2013 Conventional Midgrade 3.167 3.256 3.239 3.200 3.193 3.121 1994-2013 Conventional Premium 3.269 3.354 3.327 3.291 3.274 3.203 1994-2013 Oxygenated, Average - - - - - - 1994-2013 Oxygenated Regular - - - - - - 1994-2013 Oxygenated Midgrade - - - - - - 1994-2013

458

(1) Lathe Design for High- and Low-Speed Steels (2) Mechanics of Engineering (3) Motor-car Mechanism and Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... which the buyer must also be able to satisfy himself before deciding to purchase an electric car. In dealing with the management of the car, the author describes two forms of ... has been given to the management of the batter}', since success in driving an electric car depends so much upon the manner in which the battery is handled. In regard ...

T. H. B.

1909-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

459

Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2011, plug-in car sales in the U.S. were 0.28% of the U.S. car market, and grew to 0.44% of the U.S. car market in the first eight months of 2012. Western Europe has also increased their plug-in...

460

E1A, E1B Double-Restricted Adenovirus with RGD-Fiber Modification Exhibits Enhanced Oncolysis for CAR–Deficient Biliary Cancers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...adenovirus receptor (CAR) and integrins (alphavbeta3...LacZ-expressing replication-defective adenoviruses with wild-type...adenovirus receptor (CAR) and integrins (alpha...LacZ-expressing replication-defective adenoviruses with wild-type...model. Expression of CAR significantly correlated...

Mariko Wakayama; Masato Abei; Rei Kawashima; Emiko Seo; Kuniaki Fukuda; Hideo Ugai; Takehide Murata; Naomi Tanaka; Ichinosuke Hyodo; Hirofumi Hamada; and Kazunari K. Yokoyama

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

"2012 Average Monthly Bill- Residential"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential" Residential" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Number of Customers","Average Monthly Consumption (kWh)","Average Price (cents/kWh)","Average Monthly Bill (Dollar and cents)" "New England",6203726,634.13095,15.713593,99.644755 "Connecticut",1454651,730.85302,17.343298,126.75402 "Maine",703770,530.56349,14.658797,77.774225 "Massachusetts",2699141,627.15845,14.912724,93.52641 "New Hampshire",601697,614.81776,16.070168,98.802249 "Rhode Island",435448,597.34783,14.404061,86.042344 "Vermont",309019,565.03618,17.006075,96.090478 "Middle Atlantic",15727423,700.63673,15.272654,107.00582

462

"2012 Average Monthly Bill- Industrial"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial" Industrial" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Number of Customers","Average Monthly Consumption (kWh)","Average Price (cents/kWh)","Average Monthly Bill (Dollar and cents)" "New England",34164,67854.037,11.83487,8030.4373 "Connecticut",4647,63947.063,12.672933,8103.9685 "Maine",2780,90741.457,7.9819499,7242.9376 "Massachusetts",21145,66710.826,12.566635,8383.3057 "New Hampshire",3444,47247.217,11.83228,5590.423 "Rhode Island",1927,39935.911,10.676724,4263.8471 "Vermont",221,536044.12,9.9796777,53495.475 "Middle Atlantic",45836,126368.14,7.4903534,9465.42 "New Jersey",12729,50817.89,10.516509,5344.2677

463

Time-average TV holography for vibration fringe analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-average TV holography is widely used method for vibration measurement. The method generates speckle correlation time-averaged J0 fringes that can be used for full-field qualitative visualization of mode shapes at resonant frequencies of an object under harmonic excitation. In order to map the amplitudes of vibration, quantitative evaluation of the time-averaged fringe pattern is desired. A quantitative evaluation procedure based on the phase-shifting technique used in two beam interferometry has also been adopted for this application with some modification. The existing procedure requires a large number of frames to be recorded for implementation. We propose a procedure that will reduce the number of frames required for the analysis. The TV holographic system used and the experimental results obtained with it on an edge-clamped, sinusoidally excited square aluminium plate sample are discussed.

Kumar, Upputuri Paul; Kalyani, Yanam; Mohan, Nandigana Krishna; Kothiyal, Mahendra Prasad

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Globally Averaged Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations: Monthly and Annual  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chlorofluorocarbons » Chlorofluorocarbons » Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations Globally Averaged Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations: Monthly and Annual Data for the Period 1975-1992 DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.db1010 data Data (DB1010) Investigator M. A. K. Khalil and R. A. Rasmussen Description This data set presents globally averaged atmospheric concentrations of chlorofluorocarbon 11, known also as CFC-11 or F-11 (chemical name: trichlorofluoromethane; formula: CCl3F). The monthly global average data are derived from flask air samples collected at eight sites in six locations over the period August 1980-July 1992. The sites are Barrow (Alaska), Cape Meares (Oregon), Cape Kumukahi and Mauna Loa (Hawaii), Cape Matatula (American Samoa), Cape Grim (Tasmania), Palmer Station, and the

465

Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a Two-Dimensional, and a Three-Dimensional Model Comparison of Average Transport and Dispersion Among a Gaussian, a Two-Dimensional, and a Three-Dimensional Model The Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC's) code for predicting off-site consequences, MACCS2 (Chanin, et al. 1998) (MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System, Version 2), uses a simplified model for atmospheric transport and d ispersion (ATD), that is, a straight-line Gaussian model. The MACCS2 calculations are used by the NRC for planning purposes, for cost-benefit analyses, and in level-3 probabilistic risk analyses (PRAs). The MACCS2 ATD model has been criticized as being overly simplistic, even for its purposes. The justification for its use has been

466

High average power scaleable thin-disk laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Using a thin disk laser gain element with an undoped cap layer enables the scaling of lasers to extremely high average output power values. Ordinarily, the power scaling of such thin disk lasers is limited by the deleterious effects of amplified spontaneous emission. By using an undoped cap layer diffusion bonded to the thin disk, the onset of amplified spontaneous emission does not occur as readily as if no cap layer is used, and much larger transverse thin disks can be effectively used as laser gain elements. This invention can be used as a high average power laser for material processing applications as well as for weapon and air defense applications.

Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Honea, Eric C. (Sunol, CA); Bibeau, Camille (Dublin, CA); Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Powell, Howard (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA); Sutton, Steven B. (Manteca, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Averaged equations for Josephson junction series arrays with LRC load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the averaged equations describing a series array of Josephson junctions shunted by a parallel inductor-resistor-capacitor load. We assume that the junctions have negligable capacitance ($\\beta = 0$), and derive averaged equations which turn out to be completely tractable: in particular the stability of both in-phase and splay states depends on a single parameter, $\\del$. We find an explicit expression for $\\delta$ in terms of the load parameters and the bias current. We recover (and refine) a common claim found in the technical literature, that the in-phase state is stable for inductive loads and unstable for capacitive loads.

Kurt Wiesenfeld; James W. Swift

1994-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

468

An investigation of nonlinear xenon oscillation by method of averaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nonlinear analysis of xenon-temperature controlled nuclear reactor dynamics is presented. The set of equations in question belongs to a general class of rate equations with quadratic nonlinearities. Boundedness of the solutions is examined. The mean value of periodic solutions for the flux is shown to be always less than the equilibrium value. The Bogoliubov's method of averaging as extended by Case is applied to obtain approximate solutions. The mechanism of the existence of relaxation oscillations in the linear stability region is analyzed. Computer calculations are performed and found in good agreement with the approximate solutions obtained by means of the method of averaging.

Yoshiro Asahi; A.Ziya Akcasu

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface iv Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Hydrogen Engine Achieves 45% Efficiency 1 * A Detailed Picture of Exhaust Gas Recirculation Effects on HCCI Operation Developed 2 * A Predictive Model Developed for Spark Assisted HCCI Combustion 3 * Understanding Lean NO x Trap (LNT) Sulfur Tolerance 4 Electrical & Electronics * Direct Back-Side Cooling of Power Electronics 5 * High Temperature SOI Gate Driver 6 * Advanced DC to DC Converter 7 * High Temperature Polymer DC Bus Capacitors 8 Electrochemical Energy Storage * NCA-Based Li-ion Battery Packs Delivered 9 * Airless Spray Deposited Ceramic Separator 10

470

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface iii Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Model of 3D Diesel Particulate Filter Shows Location Where Soot Collects 1 * High-Efficiency, Low-Emission Combustion Achieved at Modal Test Conditions Relevant for Small-Car FTP 2 * KIVA Enhanced for Faster Computations and HCCI Combustion 3 * Durability of a DOC-UREA SCT-DPF System for a Light-Duty Truck Studied for 120,000 Miles 4 Electrical & Electronics * DC/DC Converter for Fuel Cell and Hybrid Vehicles 5 * Silicon-Silicon Carbide Hybrid Inverter 6 Electrochemical Energy Storage * New High-Power Cell Chemistry Identified 7 * Gap Analysis Software Developed 8

471

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface iv Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * High Efficiency Clean Combustion (HECC) Shows Potential to Reduce Fuel Penalty for Diesel Particulate Control by 25% 1 * E85 Engine Achieves Greater Torque and Similar Fuel Economy Compared to a Larger Diesel Engine 2 * Simulations Provide New Insight into the Potential Benefits and Limitations of Compression Ignition Engines in Hybrid Vehicles 3 * Understanding of Lean NO x Trap Chemistry Enables Improved On-Board Diagnostics 4 * Fuel Injector Motion Linked to Structure of Spray 5 * Boosted Gasoline HCCI Achieves 2x Load Increase over Previous Best 6

472

Proton Transport in Triflic Acid Hydrates Studied via Path Integral Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proton Transport in Triflic Acid Hydrates Studied via Path Integral Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics ... The mono-, di-, and tetrahydrates of trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, which contain characteristic H3O+, H5O2+, and H9O4+ structures, provide model systems for understanding proton transport in materials with high perfluorosulfonic acid density such as perfluorosulfonic acid membranes commonly employed in hydrogen fuel cells. ... Hydrogen is described as a promising future fuel if the fuel cell technol. ...

Robin L. Hayes; Stephen J. Paddison; Mark E. Tuckerman

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

473

Cisplatin Binding to DNA Oligomers from Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first-principles calculations are carried out with the Car-Parrinello approach,52 which has proven to reliably describe structure, dynamics, and electronic properties of platinum?nucleotide complexes in the solid state53 as well as in water solution. ... There are more than three waters in the first solvation shell of AM1. ... The predictive power of our computational setup was investigated by constructing a structural model of platinated DNA. ...

Katrin Spiegel; Ursula Rothlisberger; Paolo Carloni

2004-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

474

Reaction Mechanism of HIV-1 Protease by Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Classical MD Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reaction Mechanism of HIV-1 Protease by Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Classical MD Simulations ... To form the hydrated intermediate, a water molecule (WAT) must attack the carbonyl carbon of SUB15,17,18,21,31 (chemical step 1). ... This result, surprising at first, can be rationalized by realizing that a fundamental ingredient of HIV-1 PR catalytic power is the low polarity of the cleavage site environment15 that destabilizes the negatively charged Asp dyad. ...

Stefano Piana; Denis Bucher; Paolo Carloni; Ursula Rothlisberger

2004-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

475

Chaotic Vibration of a Quarter-Car Model Excited by the Road Surface Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Melnikov criterion is used to examine a global homoclinic bifurcation and transition to chaos in the case of a quarter car model excited kinematically by the road surface profile. By analyzing the potential an analytic expression is found for the homoclinic orbit. By introducing an harmonic excitation term and damping as perturbations, the critical Melnikov amplitude of the road surface profile is found, above which the system can vibrate chaotically.

Grzegorz Litak; Marek Borowiec; Michael I. Friswell; Kazimierz Szabelski

2006-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

476

Capturing the Usage of the German Car Fleet for a One Year Period to Evaluate the Suitability of Battery Electric Vehicles – A Model based Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The low driving range of battery electric vehicles (BEV) is often considered as relevant reason for the low BEV sales. In order to verify this assumption, the usage of conventional cars in Germany needs to be analyzed. These analyses may help to make more reliable and realistic statements to what extent German cars could be replaced by \\{BEVs\\} without restrictions for their users. Most travel surveys do only consider a single day or a short period of time in the analysis. Longer time periods should be taken into consideration when analyzing the travel data since the daily car usage is not identical every day. Since there are no representative and detailed car usage surveys over longer periods available a hybrid car usage model was developed to close that gap. This model is mainly based on three mobility surveys: the German Mobility Panel (MOP), the car mileage and fuel consumption survey, and the long distance travel survey INVERMO. We show that 13% of the modeled German private car fleet never exceeds 100 km per day during a full year and could be replaced by \\{BEVs\\} without any usage restrictions for their car owners. Another 16% of the modeled private car fleet is driven more than 100 km on 1-4 days during a full year and can be substituted with slight adjustments. These cars are often second cars of a household and used less intensively (6,600 km/year resp. 7600 km/year) than cars not suited for BEV substitution (14,800 km/year). Households that could replace their cars tend to have a lower disposable income. The crux of the matter, however, is that substitution of conventional cars is often not feasible since the mobility budget of BEV suited households tends to be too low or does not make economic sense due to the low annual mileage.

Christine Weiss; Bastian Chlond; Michael Heilig; Peter Vortisch

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Remote keyless entry honking, convenience horn honking, and audible car alarms: redundancies and quieter options  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vehicle sound emissions car alarms and horn honking are the subject of many noise complaints. Auto manufacturers spent years engineering quieter vehicles and have created cars whose approach is so subtle that they pose a danger to blind pedestrians. But while engine noise has decreased and car alarms are less reactive horn honking that is linked with remote keyless entry (RKE) technology increasingly contributes to community noise. RKE horn noise has never been the subject of public health inquiry. In scientific literature discussion of road noise and health does not distinguish noise among separate sources and tends to measure aggregate ambient noise levels rather than impulsive noise. RKE horn noise violates state traffic laws and some local noise ordinances regarding horn use but there have been no legislative attempts to address the technology. This raises questions about whether political leaders and policy setters are not exposed to RKE noise or do not discern RKE sounds from traffic noise and are therefore unaware of it. Using available auto industry data and case studies this paper will introduce key facts about RKE horn use in the United States and Canada reviewing new technologies that render noisy counterparts still in use as redundant.

Jeanine Botta

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Remote keyless entry honking, convenience horn honking, and audible car alarms: Redundancies and quieter options  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vehicle sound emissions car alarms and horn honking are the subject of many noise complaints. Auto manufacturers spent years engineering quieter vehicles and have created cars whose approach is so subtle that they pose a danger to blind pedestrians. But while engine noise has decreased and car alarms are less reactive horn honking that is linked with remote keyless entry (RKE) technology increasingly contributes to community noise. RKE horn noise has never been the subject of public health inquiry. In scientific literature discussion of road noise and health does not distinguish noise among separate sources and tends to measure aggregate ambient noise levels rather than impulsive noise. RKE horn noise violates state traffic laws and some local noise ordinances regarding horn use but there have been no legislative attempts to address the technology. This raises questions about whether political leaders and policy setters are not exposed to RKE noise or do not discern RKE sounds from traffic noise and are therefore unaware of it. Using available auto industry data and case studies this paper will introduce key facts about RKE horn use in the United States and Canada reviewing new technologies that render noisy counterparts still in use as redundant.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Computational analysis of flow field around Ahmed car model passing underneath a flyover  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A flow structure around a ground vehicle has been studied by many researchers using numerous methods either computational or experimental. However no analysis of flow field generated by a car passing under a flyover has been carried out. One of the famous simplified models of a car is the Ahmed body that has been established to investigate the influence of the flow structure on the drag. In this paper we investigate a flow field around Ahmed body of a single cruising condition as the vehicle passes under a flyover using a computational method with RANS equation. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the turbulence kinetic energy and velocity magnitude developed within the wall boundary created by the flyover to the air flow field that is generated by the Ahmed reference car. It was observed that the simulated airflow passes the vehicle was bounded by the wall of the flyover and consequently changes the pattern of the flow field. Understanding the characteristic of this flow field under a flyover is essential if one wants to maximize the recovery of the dissipated energy which for example can be used to power a small vertical-axis wind turbine to produce and store electrical energy for lighting under the flyover.

Md Nor Musa; Kahar Osman; Ab Malik A. Hamat

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Probing the Vibrational Relaxation of N2 and O2 by Use of CARS Spectroscopy to Model NTE-Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NTE-preparation. The detection technique used in the experiment was coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and variations of this laser-based technique were optimized to maximize accuracy and signal-to-noise in the vibrational relaxation...

Dean, Jacob

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

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481

DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On January 25, 2006, the U.S. Department of Energy, together with the FreedomCAR & Fuel Partnership, held a workshop to review and discuss ongoing hydrogen storage and delivery analysis efforts...

482

Cover: PNNL's Photovoltaic array produces electricity for our super-computing facility and adjacent car charging stations. IN THIS REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and adjacent car charging stations. #12;IN THIS REPORT 2 Message From the Director 3 PNNL Overview 5 and greenhouse gas emissions Reducing material purchases and waste Minimizing use of water Keeping employees

483

Time-Dependent Properties of Liquid Water:? A Comparison of Car?Parrinello and Born?Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time-Dependent Properties of Liquid Water:? A Comparison of Car?Parrinello and Born?Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics Simulations ... Dynamical information of water interacting with its local environment can be gleaned from the vibrational power spectrum. ...

I-Feng W. Kuo; Christopher J. Mundy; Matthew J. McGrath; J. Ilja Siepmann

2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

484

Residual Fuel Oil Prices, Average - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product/Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. - - - - - - 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1983-2013 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1983-2013

485

Navy Estimated Average Hourly Load Profile by Month (in MW)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Navy Estimated Average Hourly Load Profile by Month (in MW) MONTH HE1 HE2 HE3 HE4 HE5 HE6 HE7 HE8 HE9 HE10 HE11 HE12 HE13 HE14 HE15 HE16 HE17 HE18 HE19 HE20 HE21 HE22 HE23 HE24...

486

Disk-averaged Spectra & light-curves of Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We are using computer models to explore the observational sensitivity to changes in atmospheric and surface properties, and the detectability of biosignatures, in the globally averaged spectra and light-curves of the Earth. Using AIRS (Atmospheric Infrared Sounder) data, as input for atmospheric and surface properties, we have generated spatially resolved high-resolution synthetic spectra using the SMART radiative transfer model, for a variety of conditions, from the UV to the far-IR (beyond the range of current Earth-based satellite data). We have then averaged over the visible disk for a number of different viewing geometries to quantify the sensitivity to surface types and atmospheric features as a function of viewing geometry, and spatial and spectral resolution. These results have been processed with an instrument simulator to improve our understanding of the detectable characteristics of Earth-like planets as viewed by the first generation extrasolar terrestrial planet detection and characterization missions (Terrestrial Planet Finder/Darwin and Life finder). The wavelength range of our results are modelled over are applicable to both the proposed visible coronograph and mid-infrared interferometer TPF architectures. We have validated this model against disk-averaged observations by the Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer (MGS TES). This model was also used to analyze Earth-shine data for detectability of planetary characteristics and biosignatures in disk-averaged spectra.

G. Tinetti; V. S. Meadows; D. Crisp; W. Fong; N. Kiang; E. Fishbein; T. Velusamy; E. Bosc; M. Turnbull

2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

487

Averaging of Temporal Memories by Rats Dale N. Swanton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Averaging of Temporal Memories by Rats Dale N. Swanton Villanova University Cynthia M. Gooch University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Matthew S. Matell Villanova University Rats were trained on a mixed fixed-interval schedule in which stimulus A (tone or light) indicated food availability after 10

Matell, Matthew S.

488

IE 361 Module 15 The Average Run Length Concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IE 361 Module 15 The Average Run Length Concept Reading: Section 3.5 of Statistical Quality Assurance Methods for Engineers Prof. Steve Vardeman and Prof. Max Morris Iowa State University Vardeman Electric set of alarm rules to a control charting scheme? The most e¤ective means known for making

Vardeman, Stephen B.

489

A Multivariate Moving Average Control Chart for Photovoltaic Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract—For the electrical metrics that describe photovoltaic cell performance are inherently multivariate in nature, use of a univariate, or one variable, statistical process control chart can have important limitations. Development of a comprehensive process control strategy is known to be significantly beneficial to reducing process variability that ultimately drives up the manufacturing cost photovoltaic cells. The multivariate moving average or MMA chart, is applied to the electrical metrics of photovoltaic cells to illustrate the improved sensitivity on process variability this method of control charting offers. The result show the ability of the MMA chart to expand to as any variables as needed, suggests an application with multiple photovoltaic electrical metrics being used in concert to determine the processes state of control. Keywords—The multivariate moving average control chart, Photovoltaic processes control, Multivariate system. I.

Chunchom Pongchavalit

490

Yearly-averaged daily usefulness efficiency of heliostat surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytical expression for estimating the instantaneous usefulness efficiency of a heliostat surface is obtained. A systematic procedure is then introduced to calculate the usefulness efficiency even when overlapping of blocking and shadowing on a heliostat surface exist. For possible estimation of the reflected energy from a given field, the local yearly-averaged daily usefulness efficiency is calculated. This efficiency is found to depend on site latitude angle, radial distance from the tower measured in tower heights, heliostat position azimuth angle and the radial spacing between heliostats. Charts for the local yearly-averaged daily usefulness efficiency are presented for {phi} = 0, 15, 30, and 45 N. These charts can be used in calculating the reflected radiation from a given cell. Utilization of these charts is demonstrated.

Elsayed, M.M.; Habeebuallah, M.B.; Al-Rabghi, O.M. (King Abdulaziz Univ., Jeddah (Saudi Arabia))

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

A holographic proof of the averaged null energy condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The averaged null energy conditions (ANEC) states that, along a complete null curve, the negative energy fluctuations of a quantum field must be balanced by positive energy fluctuations. We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to prove the ANEC for a class of strongly coupled conformal field theories in flat spacetime. A violation of the ANEC in the field theory would lead to acausal propagation of signals in the bulk.

William R. Kelly; Aron C. Wall

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

492

Average dynamics of a finite set of coupled phase oscillators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the solutions of a dynamical system describing the average activity of an infinitely large set of driven coupled excitable units. We compared their topological organization with that reconstructed from the numerical integration of finite sets. In this way, we present a strategy to establish the pertinence of approximating the dynamics of finite sets of coupled nonlinear units by the dynamics of its infinitely large surrogate.

Dima, Germán C., E-mail: gdima@df.uba.ar; Mindlin, Gabriel B. [Laboratorio de Sistemas Dinámicos, IFIBA y Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón 1, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Laboratorio de Sistemas Dinámicos, IFIBA y Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón 1, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

493

Better than Average? - Green Building Certification in International Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations - ICEBO?08 Conference Center of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology Berlin, October 20 - 22, 2008 Dipl.-Ing. Oliver Baumann Ebert & Baumann Consulting Engineers, Inc.... An Enterprise of the Ebert-Consulting Group 1004 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE Washington, D.C. 20003, USA 00 12 02/ 6 08 - 13 34 o.baumann@eb-engineers.com Better than Average? - Green Building Certification in International Projects Green Building...

Baumann, O.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

RENORMALIZATION TECHNIQUES AND MEAN SQUARE AVERAGING, I. DETERMINISTIC EQUATIONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...U2 - 1)u' by a linear expression clu + c2u' and using a time average, we find that...equation to (4.1) is given by U" + C2U' + U = 0, rT where C2 = lim f (a2 cos2...0, (4.5) we write g(u) = clu + c2u', where C, = lim g(u)udt/ f u...

Richard Bellman; John M. Richardson

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Table 8. Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 8. Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Destination April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 78.29 77.25 102.62 77.88 105.14 -25.9 Canada* 81.61 80.70 110.67 81.30 112.16 -27.5 Dominican Republic 78.54 75.09 73.89 75.77 76.61 -1.1 Honduras - 54.58 54.43 54.58 54.43 0.3 Jamaica 480.00 54.43 - 54.72 55.42 -1.3 Mexico 73.45 75.81 94.36 74.35 100.95 -26.3 Other** 80.33 389.30 70.37 82.45 76.10 8.3 South America Total 107.72 108.02 149.99 107.88

496

Table 17. Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 17. Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Destination April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 240.59 241.38 218.40 240.85 225.80 6.7 Canada* 147.49 330.47 243.04 183.08 286.56 -36.1 Mexico 316.57 211.63 189.12 273.97 171.71 59.6 Other** 612.42 485.63 134.48 525.92 135.04 289.5 South America Total 140.65 156.15 322.70 148.29 250.36 -40.8 Other** 140.65 156.15 322.70 148.29 250.36 -40.8 Europe Total 259.26 255.24 - 257.06 427.83 -39.9 Other**

497

High Average Power, High Energy Short Pulse Fiber Laser System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently continuous wave fiber laser systems with output powers in excess of 500W with good beam quality have been demonstrated [1]. High energy, ultrafast, chirped pulsed fiber laser systems have achieved record output energies of 1mJ [2]. However, these high-energy systems have not been scaled beyond a few watts of average output power. Fiber laser systems are attractive for many applications because they offer the promise of high efficiency, compact, robust systems that are turn key. Applications such as cutting, drilling and materials processing, front end systems for high energy pulsed lasers (such as petawatts) and laser based sources of high spatial coherence, high flux x-rays all require high energy short pulses and two of the three of these applications also require high average power. The challenge in creating a high energy chirped pulse fiber laser system is to find a way to scale the output energy while avoiding nonlinear effects and maintaining good beam quality in the amplifier fiber. To this end, our 3-year LDRD program sought to demonstrate a high energy, high average power fiber laser system. This work included exploring designs of large mode area optical fiber amplifiers for high energy systems as well as understanding the issues associated chirped pulse amplification in optical fiber amplifier systems.

Messerly, M J

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

498

Table 22. Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 22. Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Origin April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 263.21 252.66 353.05 261.29 356.01 -26.6 Canada 263.51 252.66 353.05 258.82 356.01 -27.3 Panama 263.09 - - 263.09 - - South America Total 196.86 194.14 175.88 195.94 181.01 8.2 Brazil - - 157.60 - 157.60 - Colombia 196.86 194.14 322.06 195.94 246.68 -20.6 Europe Total 181.55 232.13 385.65 225.53 384.96 -41.4 Czech Republic - 475.91 - 475.91 - - Spain 360.51

499

Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

75, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been 75, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards and their impact on highway safety. A seminal study of the link between CAFE and traffic fatalities was published by R. W. Crandall and J. D. Graham in 1989. They linked higher fuel economy levels to decreases in vehicle weight and correlated the decline in new car weight with about a 20% increase in occupant fatalities. The time series available to them, 1947-1981, includes only the first 4 years of fuel economy regulation, but any statistical relationship estimated over such

500

Hilbert Space Average Method and adiabatic quantum search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss some aspects related to the so-called Hilbert space Average Method, as an alternative to describe the dynamics of open quantum systems. First we present a derivation of the method which does not make use of the algebra satisfied by the operators involved in the dynamics, and extend the method to systems subject to a Hamiltonian that changes with time. Next we examine the performance of the adiabatic quantum search algorithm with a particular model for the environment. We relate our results to the criteria discussed in the literature for the validity of the above-mentioned method for similar environments.

A. Perez

2009-01-19T23:59:59.000Z