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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Emissions Control Failures in Passenger Cars  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Emissions Control Failures in Passenger Cars Two measures of car model malfunction probability, fraction of cars over 1% CO (y-axis) and average CO concentration of all cars (x-axis), demonstrate that five 1987-89 car models (14 year-model combinations) have a malfunction probability several times that of all other models. When an automobile's emissions control system fails, it may be because that model is more prone to failure than others, according to a study conducted by the Center's Energy Analysis Program and Marc Ross of the University of Michigan. This finding goes against the conventional wisdom that improper maintenance or deliberate disabling of the emissions systems by car owners is the cause of "high-emitting" vehicles. The results may provide clean-air

2

Potential for meeting the EU new passenger car CO? emissions targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2009, the European Parliament agreed to limit the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars sold in the European Union to an average of 130g/km by 2015. Further, a probable longer-term CO2 emissions target of 95g/km is ...

Bhatt, Kandarp

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

The relative attractiveness of electric and hybrid passenger cars  

SciTech Connect

The relative attractiveness of electric and hybrid (electric/heat engine) subcompact passenger cars was studied by comparing the total vehicle weight, selling price, ownership cost, and total energy use of computer-synthesized designs having the same power-to-weight ratio and using batteries based on the same technology. It was found that in all respects the hybrid designs were more attractive than the all-electric designs, with the advantages of the hybrids increasing significantly as the power-to-weight ratio was increased. The comparisons were made for city driving, and the relative attractiveness of the hybrid designs was found to be independent of annual mileage up to 12,000 miles/yr. Both hybrid and electric vehicles benefit markedly from the use of an advanced battery such as sodium-sulfur. Such a battery is required before the hybrid passenger car can save both gasoline and total energy compared to a conventional ICE car of the same size.

Burke, A.F.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

PASSENGER RAIL CAR EGRESS – TRB WORKSHOP SUMMARY The Federal Railroad Administration’s (FRA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exploring how to enhance regulations that address the safe, timely, and effective emergency evacuation of occupants from passenger rail vehicles in various emergency scenarios. Several evacuation concepts, strategies, and techniques are currently being investigated and evaluated for applicability to U.S. passenger rail cars. FRA sponsored a Human Factors Workshop related to passenger train emergency egress on

Office Of Railroad Policy; Development Is

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Modeling the interaction between passenger cars and trucks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The topic of this dissertation was the use of distributed computing to improve the modeling of the interaction between passenger cars and trucks. The two main focus areas were the development of a methodology to combine microscopic traffic simulation programs with driving simulator programs, and the application of a prototype distributed traffic simulation to study the impact of the length of an impeding vehicle on passing behavior. The methodology was motivated by the need to provide an easier way to create calibrated traffic flows in driving simulations and to capture vehicle behavior within microscopic traffic simulations. The original design for the prototype was to establish a two-way, real time exchange of vehicle data, however problems were encountered that imposed limitations on its development and use. The passing study was motivated by the possible changes in federal truck size and weight regulations and the current inconsistency between the passing sight distance criteria for the design of two lane highways and the marking of no-passing zones. Test drivers made passing maneuvers around impeding vehicles that differed in length and speed. The main effects of the impeding vehicle length were found to be significant for the time and distance in the left lane, and the start and end gap distances. Passing equations were formulated based on the mechanics of the passing maneuver and included behavior variables for calibration. Through a sensitivity analysis, it was shown that increases in vehicle speeds, vehicle length, and gap distance increased the distance traveled in the left lane, while increases in the speed difference and speed gain decreased the distance traveled in the left lane. The passing equations were calibrated using the current AASHTO values and used to predict the impact of increased vehicle lengths on the time and distance in the left lane. The passing equations are valuable for evaluating passing sight distance criteria and observed passing behavior.

Jenkins, Jacqueline Marie

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Procedures for Passenger Cars, Light-Duty Trucks and Medium-Duty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2001 and subsequent model-year passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty trucks for which non-methane organic gas (NMOG) exhaust emission reduction credit is requested as a result of the use of a DOR technology on a motor vehicle radiator, air conditioning assembly, or other appropriate substrate. REFERENCES:

unknown authors

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Field assessment of an aluminum intensive passenger car  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ford Motor Co. has made a small batch of ``aluminum intensive vehicles`` (AIV), consisting of mid-size cars (Taurus/Sable) with all-aluminum bodies. The first twenty vehicles were made for internal evaluation at Ford, but the second batch of twenty has been placed on the hands of selected independent users, primarily automotive suppliers, for long term field assessment. The mass reduction achieved in the body of an AIV is shown, and compared with an equivalent standard steel body. Argonne obtained one of these vehicles last October; this is an assessment of the fuel consumption and other operational characteristics of this type of car to date.

Cuenca, R.M.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

8

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Properly-Functioning Cars B .3. Evaporation B.4.of Properly-Functioning Cars, High and Moderate Powerand Philip S. Barnett, “Cars, Fuels, and Clean Air A Review

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cars B.2. Cold Start Emissions of Properly-Functioning CarsDriving B.5. Malfunctioning Exhaust Emissions Controls C.and California Tailpipe Emission Standards References List o

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Cars on a diet : the material and energy impacts of passenger vehicle weight reduction in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicle weight reduction is a known strategy to address growing concerns about greenhouse gas emissions and fuel use by passenger vehicles. We find that every 10% reduction in vehicle weight can cut fuel consumption by ...

Cheah, Lynette W. (Lynette Wan Ting)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #342: October 18, 2004 Passenger...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: October 18, 2004 Passenger Car Sales in China to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 342: October 18, 2004 Passenger Car Sales in China on Facebook Tweet...

12

Passenger Railcar Experience with Sensitization of Austenitic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This presentation will review the condition of stainless steels in a variety of passenger rail cars after extended service, with case studies showing varying ...

13

Frontal collision analysis of City Car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This experiment tests the proposed crash system of the CityCar. The car is to fold during the crash to help decrease the impact force experienced by the passengers. The experiment was conducted by running a simulation of ...

Neal, Terance (Terance K.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preferences. · Identification of population segments with a strong interest for electric cars. · Forecasting

15

CC 1 CAR 0 CAR 100 CAR 96 CC 2 CAR 1 CC 3 CAR 2 CAR 4 CC ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CC 1 CAR 0 CAR 100 CAR 96 CC 2 CAR 1 CC 3 CAR 2 CAR 4 CC 4 CAR 3 CAR 99 CAR 97 CAR 98 CC 5 CAR 5 CAR 7 CAR 81 CAR 140 CAR 80 CAR 79  ...

16

Volvo Car Corporation Dept. 97552/PV3B1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conducted when the combustion engine and exhaust aftertreatment system have reached their operating for petrol based hybrid passenger car engines Background The exhaust emissions emitted from a passenger car manufacturers to continuously monitor the efficiency of the exhaust aftertreatment system during the entire

Zhao, Yuxiao

17

Detecting driver phone use leveraging car speakers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work addresses the fundamental problem of distinguishing between a driver and passenger using a mobile phone, which is the critical input to enable numerous safety and interface enhancements. Our detection system leverages the existing car stereo ... Keywords: acoustic ranging, bluetooth, car speakers, driving safety, location classification, smartphone

Jie Yang; Simon Sidhom; Gayathri Chandrasekaran; Tam Vu; Hongbo Liu; Nicolae Cecan; Yingying Chen; Marco Gruteser; Richard P. Martin

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Transient Vehicle Aerodynamics In Four-car Platoons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Four-carCars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Chen, A. L.; Savas, Omer; Hedrick, Karl

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Floating Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

land- scape of destroyed cars provides a stark illustrationTHE ACCESS ALMANAC Floating Cars BY DANIEL BALDWIN HESS S Uof the excessive number of cars in the United States, where

Hess, Daniel Baldwin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Hacking cars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers have discovered important security flaws in modern automobile systems. Will car thieves learn to pick locks with their laptops?

Alex Wright

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? August 16, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What are the key facts? A Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) recaptures lost vehicle heat for better efficiency. This project is funded in part with $7.15 million federal Vehicle Technologies Program grant. This is targeted for the U.S. market in 2018 models. More than half of the gas we buy -- and the money we spend on it -- is wasted. Even the most efficient drivers are at the mercy of their vehicles'

22

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? August 16, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What are the key facts? A Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) recaptures lost vehicle heat for better efficiency. This project is funded in part with $7.15 million federal Vehicle Technologies Program grant. This is targeted for the U.S. market in 2018 models. More than half of the gas we buy -- and the money we spend on it -- is wasted. Even the most efficient drivers are at the mercy of their vehicles'

23

Background Car Color and Safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A frequently asked question of Foundation staff is "What is the safest car color?" Psychological studies show that color has an effect on behavior, and there are other studies about color and conspicuity, but there are very few studies examining the impact of car color on crash rates. "Colors can create conditions that can cause fatigue, increase stress, decrease visual perception, damage eyesight, increase possible worker errors, and negatively affect orientation and safety " (www.colormatters.com). Studies examining traditional color psychology find blue is relaxing and red increases heart rate and blood pressure. Color affects mood and people make purchasing decisions based on color. However, it seems unlikely that a person who dislikes the color orange, for example, would purposely crash into an orange vehicle. General studies have also been done to show the most visible colors for day and night; however, there are no studies directly addressing the relationship between car color (conspicuity) and crashes among passenger vehicles. The study below discusses colors for fire fighting equipment, and presumably it would have some relevance for passenger

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Small Cars In Neighborhoods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric Vehicle Studies Inferences for the Neighborhood Car Uses of Neighborhood Cars Safety . . . . . . . . . . .

Bosselmann, Peter C.; Cullinane, Daniel; Garrison, William L.; Maxey, Carl M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

The Passenger Pigeon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Passenger Pigeon Passenger Pigeon Nature Bulletin No. 181-A February 27, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE PASSENGER PIGEON We Americans have been a greedy heedless people plundering and wasting the natural resources which made possible the building of this great nation -- the soils, the waters, the forests, the minerals and the wildlife, In the United States there was once an abundance of wildlife never found on any other land. We have come close to exterminating many valuable kinds, notably the buffalo and the beaver. Several species once abundant are extinct, among them the Passenger Pigeon. The passenger pigeon was a graceful elegant bird with a long wedge- shaped tail, considerably larger than our Mourning Dove and mighty good to eat. The males were handsome: slaty blue and brown above; the head blue; the sides and back of the neck iridescent with pink, purple, green and gold; the breast a rich reddish-brown shading to pinkish on the sides; with short stout red legs. Unlike other doves and pigeons, its voice was rather loud and harsh. The females were more drab in color. Native to the unbroken forests which covered most of central and eastern North America, they nested in huge colonies. An area of 100 square miles might have every tree loaded with nests, some times 100 nests in a single tree. The nests were merely a crisscross jumble of sticks in which one pure-white egg was laid.

26

Car Detection in Low Resolution Aerial Images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a system to detect passenger cars in aerial images wherecars appear as small objects. We pose this as a 3D object recognition problem to account for the variation in viewpoint and the shadow. We startedfrom psychological tests to find important features for human detection of cars. Based on these observations, we selected the boundary of the car body, the boundary of the front windshield, and the shadow as the features. Some of these features are affected by the intensity of the car and whether or not there is a shadow along it. This information is represented in the structure of the Bayesian network that we use to integrate all features. Experiments show very promising results even on some very challenging images. 1

Tao Zhao; Ram Nevatia

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Small Cars In Neighborhoods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sperling, quoted in “Electric Car Goals Called Feasible,”automobile- like electric cars; a much longer and morethose eligible to own electric cars. Because the (eventually

Bosselmann, Peter C.; Cullinane, Daniel; Garrison, William L.; Maxey, Carl M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Near Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle Development Program. Phase I, Final report. Appendix A: mission analysis and performance specification studies. Volume I  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Studies are described which were performed for the Near Term Hybrid Vehicle program to determine passenger car usage patterns and to correlate these trip mission characteristics with vehicle design and performance specifications. (LCL)

Traversi, M.; Barbarek, L.A.C.

1979-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

29

robust passenger oriented airline scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Passengers demand transportation between origins and destinations, and request specific ..... that is, the maximum demand the airline is able to capture.

30

Dissolution Kinetics of Ethanol Droplets in Passenger Car Motor Oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of ethanol as an additive to gasoline fuel is becoming a common phenomenon. It helps solve the energy crisis and environmental issues that… (more)

Guan, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Genetic and tabu search approaches for optimizing the hall call-Car allocation problem in elevator group systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The most common problem in vertical transportation using elevator group appears when a passenger wants to travel from a floor to other different floor in a building. The passenger makes a hall call by pressing a landing call button installed at the floor ... Keywords: Car dispatching, Elevator, Elevator group system, Genetic algorithm, Lift, Tabu search, Vertical transportation

Berna Bolat; Pablo Cortés

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Find and Compare Cars  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You are here: Find a Car - Home You are here: Find a Car - Home Find and Compare Cars Browse by Model Go Need help choosing a car? woman shopping for car Search by MPG, price, make, body style, and much more with our Power Search Search by Class 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 Small Cars Family Sedans Upscale Sedans Luxury Sedans Large Sedans Hatchbacks Coupes Convertibles Sports/Sporty Cars Station Wagons Pickup Trucks Sport Utility Vehicles Minivans Vans Combined MPG >= 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 Go Browse New Cars sedan Small Cars sedan Sedans coupe Coupes hatchback Hatchbacks sporty car Sporty Cars luxury car Luxury Cars station wagon Wagons minivan Minivans truck Trucks SUV SUVs hybrid Hybrid Vehicles diesel Diesel Vehicles flex-fuel vehicle

33

Scrapping Old Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fleet has been aging, in part because cars just last longer.households today own more cars than they did thirty yearsInstead of trading in an old car for a new one, they are now

Dill, Jennifer

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Electric car design. Interim summary report, Phase I: deliverable item 9  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The work included in this Interim Summary Report is part of the Electric Car Program, the goal of which is to develop by 1979 a totally new electric car with substantially improved performance over those electric cars available in 1976. The rationale used in designing a four-passenger electric car for use in an urban environment is presented. The approach taken was to design an electric car utilizing current technology. On the basis of tradeoff analyses, upgrading improvements were identified which would permit the electric car to more nearly meet all of the ERDA near-term goals. The electric car design, including the chassis, drive train, major components, and the control are summarized. The Phase I electric car design will meet many of the ERDA near-term goals. Upgrading development programs are identified which, when incorporated in Phase II vehicle development, will result in upgraded performance, which essentially meets ERDA's near-term goals.

Not Available

1977-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

35

VRML2 Car Welding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

VRML2 Car Welding. by Qiming Wang. Click on the base of the robot to start spot welding the car. This file follows VRML97 conventions. ...

36

Rental Car Information - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About the 8th Biennial Workshop on OMVPE: Rental Car Information ... ...has been selected as the Official Car Rental Company for The Minerals, Metals ...

37

Rental Car Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About the 4th International Symposium on 718 and Others: Rental Car Information ... ...has been selected as the Official Car Rental Company for the 4th  ...

38

SERVICES Rental Car Agreement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Management Memorandum announces the new contracts between the State of California and the commercial rental car vendors. This year the Department of General Services (DGS) competitively bid the commercial car rental contract resulting in a contract with a primary car rental vendor and a secondary car rental vendor. The primary car rental vendor is Enterprise Rent A Car for all government travel. In the event that the primary vendor is unable to provide service the secondary vendor must be used. Vanguard Car Rental USA is the secondary vendor. Vanguard Car Rental USA is the parent company of Alamo and National Car Rental. Departments are required to ensure that the secondary vendor is only used when the primary vendor cannot provide service. Contract Information The new rental car contracts require vendors to provide counter bypass. Counter bypass allows government employees traveling on official State

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Car Sharing within Households –  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this paper was to analyse two activities: who rents a car and why? Which households share the driving of their cars? In order to do that, the Parc-Auto (Car-Fleet) database, built from annual postal surveys conducted with a panel of 10,000 French households, has been processed. Among approximately one hundred questions in the survey, two key questions have been crossed against many social, economic, demographic, geographic or time variables. KQ1: “During the last 12 months, did you — or another person from your home — rent a car in France for personal purposes? ” KQ2: “Is this car occasionally used by other persons?” Here are the main findings. Renting households are mainly working, high income households, living in the core of big cities, and in particular in Paris. Most of them have two wage-sheets and two cars, one of which is generally a recent, high power, high quality car. Car rental is mainly an occasional practice. Yet for a minority of renters, it is a sustained habit. Households with more licence holders than cars share the most: about three quarters of them share their cars. On the contrary, single driver-single car households have less opportunity to share: only 15 % share. Household car sharing shed light on the gender role within households: while 58 % of the main users of the shared cars are male, 55 % of secondary users are female. Household car sharing is mainly a regular practice. Finally, without diminishing the merits of innovative transport solutions proposed here and there, it is not a waste of time to give some insight on self established behaviour within households. This reveals that complex patterns have been built over time by the people themselves, to cope with diverse situations that cannot be easily handled by straightforward classifications. The car cannot be reduced to a personal object. Household car sharing also carries strong links with the issue of car dependency. Sifting car availability and choice

Francis Papon; Laurent Hivert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Transportation Network Modeling in Passenger Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Summary & Future work 2 #12;NETPLAN Energy and Transportation Integration model A modeling frameworkTransportation Network Modeling in NETPLAN Passenger Transportation Venkat Krishnan Eirini;Outline 1. Introduction to NETPLAN 2. Transportation modeling- A review Freight Passenger 3. Developed

Daniels, Thomas E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

EcoCAR Challenge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC EcoCAR logo The Ohio State University Takes First Place at 2009 EcoCAR Competition University of Victoria...

42

Car Rental Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hertz Rent-A-Car System has been selected as the Official Car Rental Company for the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting. Special rates are being offered and will be ...

43

Keeping Children Safe in Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

seats manufactured for older cars without shoulder belts,assembled and installed in the car, and that can be trickyimpossible depending on the car’s age and model. Finally,

Cooper, Jill

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Electric car arrives - again  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first mass-produced electric cars in modern times are here, although they are expensive, limited in capability and unfamiliar to most prospective consumers. This article presents a brief history of the reintroduction of the modern electric car as well as discussions of the limitations of development, alternative routes to both producing and selling electric cars or some modified version of electric cars, economic incentives and governmental policies, and finally a snapshot description of the future for electric cars. 6 refs., 1 tab.

Dunn, S.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Intelligent Car System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In modern life the road safety has becomes the core issue. One single move of a driver can cause horrifying accident. The main goal of intelligent car system is to make communication with other cars on the road. The system is able to control to speed, direction and the distance between the cars the intelligent car system is able to recognize traffic light and is able to take decision according to it. This paper presents a framework of the intelligent car system. I validate several aspect of our system using simulation.

Siddique, Qasim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

EU obiective of 120g CO2/km emission for new cars, a challenge for tribology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passenger cars produce about 12 % of overall EU greenhouse gas -GHG- emissions (CO2) and transport sector with about 20 % is the second biggest emitter of GHG among all sources. Since 1990, EU has reduced transport emissions by 5 % but the contribution ... Keywords: GHG emissions, friction modifiers, fuel efficiency, structured surfaces, surface treatment

Ivan Iliuc

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A particle swarm optimization algorithm for optimal car-call allocation in elevator group control systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-rise buildings require the installation of complex elevator group control systems (EGCSs). In vertical transportation, when a passenger makes a hall call by pressing a landing call button installed at the floor and located near the cars of the elevator ... Keywords: Elevator, Elevator group control system, Lift, Particle swarm optimization, Vertical transportation

Berna Bolat; O?Uz Altun; Pablo CortéS

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

CAR SHARING AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: FACING NEW CHALLENGES WITH TECHNOLOGY AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 CAR SHARING AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: FACING NEW CHALLENGES WITH TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATIVE passengers. This pa- per describes an important movement towards new "Mobility Management" in which competi- tion no longer favors a particular mode. Rather, this new mobility framework could be used to increase

Kammen, Daniel M.

49

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HOW MANY HYBRID HOUSEHOLDS IN THE CALIFORNIA NEW CAR MARKET?average 2.43 cars per household, then the hybrid householdnumber of multi-car households that fit our hybrid household

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #536: September 15, 2008 Average...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: September 15, 2008 Average Used Car Prices Up and Used Light Truck Prices Down to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 536: September 15, 2008 Average Used...

51

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: June 3, 2002 9: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #219: June 3, 2002 Average Price of a New Car: 1970-2001 on AddThis.com... Fact #219: June 3, 2002

52

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: May 26, 2008 0: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #520: May 26, 2008 Average Price of a New Car, 1970-2006 on AddThis.com... Fact #520: May 26, 2008

53

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Passenger Vehicle Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Passenger Vehicle Procurement Requirements

54

CARS-CAT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Advanced Photon Source Advanced Photon Source User Activity Report CARS-CAT, Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources Collaborative Access Team 13-BM Phase...

55

Broadband CARS Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The CARS signal has a frequency-independent non-resonant component and a frequency ... is out of phase with respect to the driving electric field of ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

56

Exhibitor: TECHMO CAR & ENGINEERING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since its foundation in 1961, Techmo Car's objective has always been to improve some of the burdensome and difficult work conditions in the aluminium ...

57

Who Will Buy Electric Cars?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

most likely will he electric cars. By 2003, 10 percent mustbig manufacturers say electric cars cost too much to makeoff assembly lines. Early electric cars had the same disad-

Turrentine, Thomas

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Gearing Up for Electric Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ff sold now,they argue, electric cars would cost too muchandGearing Up for Electric Cars Daniel Sperhng Reprint UCTC Noor Gearing Up for Electric Cars Daniel Sperling Department

Sperling, Daniel

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Car buyers and fuel economy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel ef?ciency; Automobiles; Car buyers 1. Introduction 1.1.M. , ‘‘We probably drive each car about 7000 or 6000 milesgallons per year [for one car]; B. thinks this might be too

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

1997 EMC: Rental Car Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hertz Rent-A-Car System has been selected as the Official Car Rental Company for the 39th Electronic Materials Conference, which is being sponsored by the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Passenger Flow Model for Airline Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a model that rapidly finds an approximation of the expected passenger flow on an airline network, given forecast data concerning (1) the distribution of the demand for each itinerary, seen as a random variable; (2) the time distribution of ... Keywords: airline transportation, equilibrium model, passenger flow, recapture, spill

Jonathan Dumas; François Soumis

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Handicapped car lifting seat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently there is a lack of assistance in automobile usage for the older people of our society. In an attempt to combat this problem, this thesis designs and builds a working conceptual model of a handicapped car lifting ...

Schoenmakers, Sean A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 638: August 30, 2010...

64

Vehicle attributes constraining present electric car applicability in the fleet market  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One strategy for reducing petroleum imports is to use electric cars in place of conventional vehicles. This paper examines obstacles which electric cars are likely to encounter in attempting to penetrate a key segment of the passenger car market, namely, the fleet market. A fleet is here defined as a group of cars operated by a corporation or a government agency. The primary data source is a questionnaire that was distributed to fleet operators by the Bobit Publishing Company in the summer of 1977. Six sectors of the fleet market were sampled: police, state and local government, utilities, taxi, rental, and business. The questionnaire was specifically designed to uncover factors limiting market penetration of unconventional vehicles, although no attempt was made to determine price elasticities. Emphasis is on vehicle attributes that are readily quantifiable and relatively projectable, including seating capacity, range, battery recharging characteristics, availability of power options, and ability to use interstate highways.

Wagner, J R

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Work and Car Ownership Among Welfare Recipients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work and Car Ownership Among Welfare Recipients Paul Ongregulation. or Work and Car Ownership Among Welfareexamining the pivotal role of car ownershipin facilitating

Ong, Paul

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Car Access and Welfare-To-Work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Problems Related to Child Car, Transportation, and Illness30. March. Ong, Paul "Work and Car Ownership Among WelfareRice (2000). "The Effect of Car Ownershipon the Employment

Ong, Paul M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Robust Multiple Car Tracking With Occlusion Reasoning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BERKELEY Robust Multiple Car Tracking with OcclusionAND HIGHWAYS Robust Multiple Car Tracking with Occlusiondraws decisions like "stalled car in lane 2 detected", "high

Koler, Dieter; Weber, Joseph; Malik, Jitendra

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

2008 Model Fuel Cell Car Competition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model Car Competition Regional Structure Design Competition Structure Judges will grade one car from each school. Each judge can give up to 35 points per car as follows:...

69

2000 TMS Annual Meeting: Car Rental Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2000 TMS Fall Meeting: Car Rental Information ... Hertz Rent-a-car System has been selected as the official car rental company for the 2000 TMS Fall Meeting, ...

70

Near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Phase I. Appendices A and B. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this report vehicle use patterns or missions are defined and studied. The three most promising missions were found to be: all-purpose city driving which has the maximum potential market penetration; commuting which requires mainly a two-passenger car; and family and civic business driving which have minimal range requirements. The mission selection process was based principally on an analysis of the travel patterns found in the Nationwide Transportation Survey and on the Los Angeles and Washington, DC origin-destination studies data presented by General Research Corporation in Volume II of this report. Travel patterns in turn were converted to fuel requirements for 1985 conventional and hybrid cars. By this means the potential fuel savings for each mission were estimated, and preliminary design requirements for hybrid vehicles were derived.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: May 7, 2012 6: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on AddThis.com... Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards set for model years

72

Ancestor.car - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

>ANCESTOR 1651 # CAR 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 580 -579 -578 -577 -582 -581 -584 -583 ...

73

Are hybrid cars too quiet?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase in availability of alternative fuel vehicles has elicited concerns for pedestrians who might not hear the approach of these quieter cars. Three experiments tested the relative audibility of hybrid vehicles (in their electric mode) and internal combustion engine (ICE) cars. Binaural recordings were made of the cars approaching from either the right or left

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

average fleet-wide CAFE compliance levels (miles per gallon) for passenger cars and light-duty trucks, model years 2017-2025 Model year Passenger cars Light-duty trucks...

75

Fire Tests of Amtrak Passenger Rail Vehicle Interiors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Fire Tests of Amtrak Passenger Rail Vehicle Interiors R. D. Peacock E. Braun Center for Fire Research National ...

2004-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

76

2010 Minnesota Comprehensive Statewide Freight and Passenger Rail Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010 Minnesota Comprehensive Statewide Freight and Passenger Rail Plan Minnesota Department of Transportation #12;·! First Statewide Comprehensive Rail Plan for MN ·! Commissioned by 2008 Legislature) Other Freight Lines #12;Intercity Passenger Rail ·! Conventional Passenger Rail ­! Shares freight rail

Minnesota, University of

77

California's Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: Linking Clean-Fuel Cars, Carsharing and Station Car Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of first-generation electric cars. Although shared use isfor instance in the electric station car programs of thewas a series of electric station car programs launched in

Shaheen, Susan; Sperling, Dan; Wright, John

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

California's Zero Emission Vehicle Mandate - Linking Clean Fuel Cars, Carsharing, and Station Car Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of first- generation electric cars. While shared use is thefor instance in the electric station car programs of thewas a series of electric station car programs launched in

Shaheen, Susan; Wright, John; Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

EcoCAR Challenge 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition With an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle, The Ohio State University and the University of Waterloo Finish Second and Third Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition With an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle, The Ohio State University and the University of Waterloo Finish Second and Third EcoCAR logo VirginiaTech EcoCAR winner EcoCAR Winner Virginia Tech. View larger image. Students from Virginia Tech University learned last night that their teamwork, perseverance and hard work have led to top honors when they were named the overall winners of EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge after designing and building an exceptional extended-range electric vehicle (EREV) using E85 (ethanol). Throughout the three-year competition, the Virginia Tech team hit incremental goals that helped the vehicle achieve fuel efficiency of 81.9 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent, or 70 percent over the stock vehicle,

80

Used Car Fuel Economy Label  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Actual fuel economy will vary for many reasons, including driving conditions and how the car was driven and maintained. Aftermarket modifications to the vehicle can affect fuel...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) February 23, 2010 - 5:30am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy This past month, we celebrated my little daughter's first birthday-which meant a trip from Virginia to New Jersey. Ordinarily, this isn't a major effort, but this was on the verge of the big snow storm on February 5. Naturally, we were a bit concerned about our travel prospects. I'm originally from Wisconsin and know what winter can do to a car and its passengers. That's why we took some care to prepare our car for what might have been truly horrifying driving. The tires on our car are new but we checked the air pressure anyway, just to be sure they were properly

82

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric/Solar Vehicles, a report to Congress by the US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emissions satisfy the standards. (Legally, row (1) plustwo times row (2a) should be compared with the standard. )

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Mobility Chains Analysis of Technologies for Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biological processes, thermochemical processes, and steam and electricity generation. The Role of Biomass BOUNDARY Fuel pathways simulated in this study are divided into five stages: biomass farming; biomass it undergoes anaerobic and aerobic fermentation. In the thermochemical plant (TCP), biomass feedstock undergoes

Argonne National Laboratory

85

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reduction CO reduction NOx reduction depend on the durationhydrocarbons) and a 60% reduction in NOx compared to MY93CO and HC; and 75% reductions mandated for NOx. Powerful new

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

APBF-DEC NOx Adsorber/DPF Project: Light-Duty Passenger Car Platform  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A 1.9L turbo direct injection (TDI) diesel engine was modified to achieve the upcoming Tier 2 Bin 5 emission standard in combination with a NOx adsorber catalyst (NAC) and a diesel particulate filter (DPF). The primary objective for developing this test bed is to investigating the effects of different fuel sulfur contents on the performance of an advanced emission control system (ECS) in a light-duty application. During the development process, the engine-out emissions were minimized by applying a state-of-the-art combustion system in combination with cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). The subsequent calibration effort resulted in emission levels requiring 80-90 percent nitrogen-oxide (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) conversion rates by the corresponding ECS. The strategy development included ean/rich modulation for NAC regeneration, as well as, the desulfurization of the NAC and the regeneration of the DPF. Two slightly different ECS were investigated and calibrated. The initial vehicle results in an Audi A4 station wagon over the federal test procedure (FTP), US 06, and the highway fuel economy test (HFET) cycle indicate the potential of these configuration to meet the future Tier 2 emission standard.

Tomazic, D; Tatur, M; Thornton, M

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

87

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

types produced by vehicle manufacturers after 1993 isin many cases the manufacturers' vehicle design conforms toand several Japanese- manufacturer vehicles. (Note that the

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2005). “High Interest in Hybrid Cars. ” SCS Fact Sheet, Vol.May 2005 High Interest in Hybrid Cars I NTRODUCTION PublicThe unique features of a hybrid car mean that it is more

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Southern California: The Detroit of Electric Cars?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University o f An early alternative to an electric car.CALIFORNIA: THE DETROIT O F ELECTRIC CARS? BY A L L E N J .center for producing electric cars? It's a mistake to assume

Scott, Allen J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. July. U.S.of a qualifying gas-electric car, but because this is aor leasing a hybrid car (gas-electric)” (Baldassare, 2004).

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Car Ownership and Welfare-to-Work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Problems Related to Child Car, Transportation, and IllnessCar Ownership and Welfare-to-Work Paul M Ong Reprint UCTC Nofor conte~ts thereof oruse Car Ownership and Welfare-to-Work

Ong, Paul M.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Work and Car Ownership Among Welfare Recipients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

examining the pivotal role of car ownership in facilitatingincluding the need for car-based transportation. WelfareEversole, 1993) Solo travel by car is the most widely used

Ong, Paul M.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

2001 TMS Annual Meeting: Car Rental Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2001 TMS Fall Meeting: Car Rental Information ... Hertz Rent-a-car System has been selected as the official car rental company for the 2001 TMS Fall Meeting in  ...

94

Safety Tips While in Your Car  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

While in Your Car 1. Always lock your car and take the keys, even if you'll be gone only a short time. 2. Keep your car in good running condition, and keep the tank at least...

95

Rethinking the Car of the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rethinking the Car of the Future Darnel Sperhng Reprint UCTC~flaUon or Rethinking the Car of the Future Daniel SperlingSPERLING Rethinking the Car of the Future I I The governmen>

Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Rethinking the Car of the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rethinking the Car of the Future Darnel Sperhng Reprint UCTC~flaUon or Rethinking the Car of the Future Daniel SperlingSPERLING Rethinking the Car of the Future I I The governmen>

Sperling, Daniel

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reports. (2005). “Which Cars Would People Get Again? ” Con-Motor Trend Announces 2004 Car of the Year. ” Motor Trend,Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. July. U.S. Internal

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Segmentation of the car market in China.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The Chinese car market has, through the last decade evolved into the major market in the world. Its car market from has become the… (more)

Syed, Imran Ahmed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Hydrogen Car Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name Hydrogen Car Co Place Los Angeles, California Zip 90036 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product The Hydrogen Car Company produces hydrogen internal combustion...

100

1999 EMC: Rental Car Information - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 2, 1999 ... Hertz Rent-a-Car System has been selected as the Official Car Rental Company for the 1999 EMC. Meeting rates listed below, with free ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Hybrid Car Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hybrid Car Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Hybrid Car Calculator AgencyCompany Organization: New American Dream Phase: "Evaluate Options and Determine...

102

2000 TMS Annual Meeting: Car Rental Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hertz Rent-a-car System has been selected as the official car rental company for the 2000 TMS Annual Meeting. Meeting rates listed below, with free unlimited ...

103

ISSI-2: Rental Car Information - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hertz Rent-a-Car System has been selected as the Official Car Rental Company for the 2nd International Symposium on Structural Intermetallics (ISSI-2), ...

104

Application of Monte Carlo-based statistical significance determinations to the Beta Cephei stars V400 Car, V401 Car, V403 Car and V405 Car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have used Lomb-Scargle periodogram analysis and Monte Carlo significance tests to detect periodicities above the 3-sigma level in the Beta Cephei stars V400 Car, V401 Car, V403 Car and V405 Car. These methods produce six previously unreported periodicities in the expected frequency range of excited pulsations: one in V400 Car, three in V401 Car, one in V403 Car and one in V405 Car. One of these six frequencies is significant above the 4-sigma level. We provide statistical significances for all of the periodicities found in these four stars.

Engelbrecht, C A; Frank, B S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Optimization Online - Shunting Minimal Rail Car Allocation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 30, 2003 ... Abstract: We consider the rail car management at industrial in-plant railroads. Demands for materials or empty cars are characterized by a track, ...

106

Vehicle hydraulic system that provides heat for passenger compartment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vehicle includes a vehicle housing which defines a passenger compartment. Attached to the vehicle housing is a hydraulic system, that includes a hydraulic fluid which flows through at least one passageway within the hydraulic system. Also attached to the vehicle housing is a passenger compartment heating system. The passenger compartment heating system includes a heat exchanger, wherein a portion of the heat exchanger is a segment of the at least one passageway of the hydraulic system.

Bartley, Bradley E. (Manito, IL); Blass, James R. (Bloomington, IL); Gibson, Dennis H. (Chillicothe, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

An Analysis of Air Passenger Average Trip Lengths and Fare Levels in US Domestic Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air Service Inc. (helicopter) Redwing Aviation Inc. (Red Wing Air; Redwing Airways Inc. ) Reeves Air RZ RX* 7R RQ

Huang, Sheng-Chen Alex

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

1 Supporting car share clubs Car Share Clubs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car share clubs 1 have been successfully operating on a relatively large scale only since 1987, when the first scheme began in Switzerland, although prior to that there were several smaller scale projects

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Fire Tests of Amtrak Passenger Rail Vehicle Interiors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Fire Tests of Amtrak Passenger ... Table 11. Test Procedures and Evaluation Criteria for Small- Scale Testing of Amtrak Furnishings..... ...

2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

110

Fire Safety of Passenger Trains, Phase I: Material Evaluation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Tube fire resulted in one firefighter death and 58 injuries from ... US Coast Guard (USCG) fire performance requirements for US flag passenger vessel ...

2000-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

111

Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Fuel Economy and Passenger Experience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Fuel Economy and Passenger Experience Background The standard, 40-foot diesel- powered transit bus is noisy, consumes a gallon of fuel for every three miles it travels, weighs 28,000 pounds, and contributes significantly to ur- ban air pollution. While hybrid electric buses do exist, they are very expensive, and typi- cally get just four miles to the gallon. Autokinetics and the Department of Energy Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program saw sig- nificant room for improvement in hybrid electric buses-in terms of weight and noise reduction, better fuel economy, lower cost, and rider percep- tion-using lightweight body

112

AVERAGE SHIFTED HISTOGRAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... LET YPPF = XCDF LET XPPF = YCDF. Default: None Synonyms: ASH is a synonym for the AVERAGE SHIFTED HISTOGRAM command. ...

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

113

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Price Average Commercial Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

114

1998 EMC: Rental Car Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meeting rates offered from: Washington, DC. Car Class, Daily Rate Per Day $, Weekend Per Day $, Weekly 5-7 Days $. A, Compact 2-Door, 44.99, 24.99, 204.99.

115

Car-Free Housing Developments: Toward Sustainable Smart Growth and Urban Regeneration Through Car-Free Zoning, Car-Free Redevelopment, Pedestrian Improvement Districts, and New Urbanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ban revitalization mechanisms, such as car-free zoning, newur- banism, car-free redevelopment, and pedestriandesired to live in a car-free project. REIM AIRPORT - MUNICH

Kushner, James A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Reduction of Thermal Load in Passenger Compartment - CARAT Phase I Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Life Enhancement Technologies, Inc. (LET) is the leading company in the field of microclimate thermal management technology. Originally designed for cooling astronauts in extreme conditions, systems developed by LET are a direct spin-off from NASA technology. LET's patented technology protects individuals in a host of conditions ranging from extreme heat stress to simply maintaining a desired temperature. LET has modified and refined this adapted technology for applications in the medical, military, industrial, and consumer industries. While participating in the CARAT program sponsored by the Department of Energy, Life Enhancement Technologies developed a prototype using Flexitherm{trademark} liquid cooling/heating panels built into an automobile seat. The prototype is known as the Microclimate Seating System (MCS). Flexitherm{trademark} is a closed loop liquid heat transfer system made of a thin, flexible, conductive material, which transports fluid to provide cooling or heating. Through the use of Flexitherm{trademark} panels, LET is able to provide cooling or heating to individuals or objects it comes in contact with. A delivery system containing a pump, chiller, heater and reservoir was built to deliver the liquid to the panels. The liquid flowing through the Flexithermm is cooled or heated through LET's controlled delivery system, thereby enabling the direct conductive cooling/heating of the passenger. The prototype demonstrated the positive effects of cooling and heating on a passenger sitting on an automotive seat containing Flexitherm{trademark} panels. The air conditioning heating systems as currently used in automobiles are based on high airflow, as well as temperature and humidity reduction to provide thermal comfort to the occupants of the automobile. Air is a very poor thermal conductor. Consequently, high airflow is required and the primary means of cooling is insensible water loss (evaporation). The larger thermal mass of a car and the solar load imposed can result in an 15-20 minute delay in reaching a comfortable thermal environment, despite the fact the evaporator temperature of 60 F or less is reached within the first 5 minutes of operation. Thermal comfort is the absence of thermal stress. The purpose of Phase I CARAT Program was to develop the background material necessary to begin prototype development of a liquid conductive Heating/Cooling system with liquid Flexitherm{trademark} heat exchanger panels integrated into the car seats, thereby enabling the direct conductive cooling/heating of the driver and passengers and also reduce engine power requirement, size and weight. This would improve fuel consumption and reduction of emissions.

Rodne, Gary A.

2000-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

117

California's Zero Emission Vehicle Mandate - Linking Clean Fuel Cars, Carsharing, and Station Car Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the San Francisco Bay Area Station-Car Demonstration. InCarsharing, Station Cars, and Combined Approaches. Inpp. 84-94. Muheim, P. and Partner. Car Sharing Studies: An

Shaheen, Susan; Wright, John; Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

California's Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: Linking Clean-Fuel Cars, Carsharing and Station Car Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Saint-Quentin Station Car Experiment. In TransportationFrancisco Bay Area Station-Car Demonstration. In Transporta-Untersuchung der Eignung von Car-Sharing im Hinblick auf die

Shaheen, Susan; Sperling, Dan; Wright, John

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A Joint Household Travel Distance Generation and Car Ownership Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at a~ljustmentsof car ownership usage that representare from previous car ownership, train usage, and bus-tram-car usageare moreimportantthan the laggedeffects of public transport usage.

Golob, Thomas F.; Van Wissen , Leo

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

A Joint Household Travel Distance Generation And Car Ownership Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at a~ljustmentsof car ownership usage that representare from previous car ownership, train usage, and bus-tram-car usageare moreimportantthan the laggedeffects of public transport usage.

Golob, Thomas F.; Van Wissen, Leo

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Essays on Structural Estimation in the European Car Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.3.2 Car CharacteristicDomestic and Foreign Car Characteristics . . . . . . . . 1.4Shares of cars by brand’s

Noton Norambuena, Carlos Esteban

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Ghetto Fabulous: Inner City Car Culture, the Law, and Authenticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. (Producer). (2005). Oakland cars gone wild: Are autoabout pretty women, classy cars and just generally showingK. (1997). Cruisin': Car culture in America. Minneapolis,

Brown, Roger

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

In-car Airway Options for NASCAR Drivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medicine Background: “Stock car” drivers may require anpresentation pregnancy. In-car Airway Options for NASCARhelmeted, and apneic stock car driver simulation model.

Dyreyes, Jonathan Q; Grange, Jeff; Smith, Dustin; Jin, Peter; Guldner, Greg

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Probit Model Estimation Revisited: Trinomial Models of Household Car Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Household Ownership of Car Davidon, W. C. (1959) VariableStudy Report 9: Models of Car Ownership and License Holding.Trinomial Models of Household Car Ownership. Transportation

Bunch, David S.; Kitamura, Ryuichi

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Ecological Footprint Budgeting: Environmental Analysis of the Generic American Car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of Composites in Cars. Goldberg, R. (1992, May).1998, June). Buying a New Car. Federal Trade Commission. car bodies. Carnegie Mellon. <

Zhang, Teresa

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Merton C. Flemings Symposium: Rental Car Information - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Merton C. Flemings Symposium: Car Rental Information ... Hertz Rent-a-Car System has been selected as the official car rental company for the Merton C.

127

2000 Electronic Materials Conference: Rental Car Information - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2000 Electronic Materials Conference: Rental Car Information ... Hertz Rent-a- Car System has been selected as the Official Car Rental company for the ...

128

Rethinking the Car of the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cars that use ultracapamtors and battenes, certain hybrid-hybrid vehicle designs that were also funded before PNGV ISSUES iN SCIENCE AND TECkINOLOGY RETHINKING THE CAR

Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Rethinking the Car of the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cars that use ultracapamtors and battenes, certain hybrid-hybrid vehicle designs that were also funded before PNGV ISSUES iN SCIENCE AND TECkINOLOGY RETHINKING THE CAR

Sperling, Daniel

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Car Charging Group Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Car Charging Group, Inc. Place Miami Beach, Florida Product Miami Beach, USA based installer of plug-in vehicle charge...

131

average | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average average Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

132

Southern California: The Detroit of Electric Cars?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electric cars as a potential solution. and susceptible to rapid change; (c) con- ulations governing vehicle safety

Scott, Allen J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Toeplitz CAR flows and type I factorizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toeplitz CAR flows are a class of E_0-semigroups including the first type III example constructed by R. T. Powers. We show that the Toeplitz CAR flows contain uncountably many mutually non cocycle conjugate E_0-semigroups of type III. We also generalize the type III criterion for Toeplitz CAR flows employed by Powers (and later refined by W. Arveson), and show that Toeplitz CAR flows are always either of type I or type III.

Izumi, Masaki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Air time : another measure of the quality of passenger service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The proposal of a new metric called "Air Time" and its various components, show the advantage of having a broader perspective of the travel process of airline passengers. Travel time is basically affected by three different ...

Blake Betancourt, Juan Jamie

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Evaluating passenger delays in the US domestic air transportation system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fundamental component of any National Airspace System (NAS) performance evaluation is the cost impact of air traffic delays, and more generally capacity limitations, on the traveling passengers. In previous research it ...

Umang, Nitish

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Transfer passenger needs at airports : human factors in terminal design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis analyzes the needs of particular users of airport: transfer passengers. The object of this work has been to produce a set of design guidelines for terminals. these guidelines are framed upon a user-need survey ...

Brillembourg, Marie-Claire

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Impact of deleterious passenger mutations on cancer progression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cancer progression is driven by the accumulation of a small number of genetic alterations. However, these few driver alterations reside in a cancer genome alongside tens of thousands of additional mutations termed passengers. ...

Korolev, Kirill Sergeevich

138

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries Agency/Company /Organization: United Kingdom Department for Transport Focus Area: Other Topics: Best Practices Website: webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustain These case studies result from a study that examined best practices in car sharing and car clubs and appraised the successes and failures to date. The results of this study are incorporated into "Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide." How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Avoid - Cut the need for travel Shift - Change to low-carbon modes

139

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report Agency/Company /Organization: United Kingdom Department for Transport Focus Area: Other Topics: Best Practices Website: webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustain This report seeks to examine best practices in car sharing and car clubs, explore in detail the levels of uptake, and critically appraise the successes and failures to date. The outcome of the study is supported by case study summaries, and a best practice guidance note for existing and future developers of car sharing and car club schemes. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

140

Electric cars shift into second gear  

SciTech Connect

High cost and poor performance have hurt the market for electric cars, but more states are passing emission control regulations that will make electric cars more attractive. Federal funding also will promote research on electric vehicle technologies. There is much work to do on battery recharging, range expansion, and weight to make electric cars desirable to the public. The auto industry is lobbying against the regulations because it fears electric cars will not be commercially viable by the deadlines. Other alternatives for reducing auto emissions are explored. The ultimate fate of electric cars will be decided by consumers.

Silber, K.

1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

DOE Average Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE DOE Average Results FY 12 DOE Target FY 12 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness 92 88 -Quality 94 92 Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. 90 92 Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 90 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Competition: -% of total $'s obligated on competitive acquisitions >$3000 (Agency Level Only) 94 85 -% of acquisition actions competed for actions > $3000 (Agency Level Only) 65 68 Performance Based Acquisition: - % PBA actions relative to total eligible new acquisition actions (applicable to new actions > $25K) 82

142

Lean NOx catalysis for gasoline fueled European cars  

SciTech Connect

There is increasing interest in operating gasoline fueled passenger cars lean of the stoichiometric air/fuel (A/F) ratio to improve fuel economy. These types of engines will operate at lean A/F ratios while cruising at partial load, and return to stoichiometric or even rich conditions when more power is required. The challenge for the engine and catalyst manufacturer is to develop a system which will combine the high activity rates of a state-of-the-art three-way catalyst (TWC) with the ability to reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) in the presence of excess oxygen. The objective is to achieve the future legislative limits (EURO III/IV) in the European Union. Recent developments in automotive pollution control catalysis show that the use of NOx adsorption materials is a suitable way to reduce NOx emissions of gasoline-fueled lean-burn engines. However, the primary task for the implementation of this technology in the European market will be to improve the catalyst`s high-temperature stability and to decrease its susceptibility to sulfur poisoning. Outlined here are results of a recent R and D program to achieve NOx reduction under lean-burn gasoline engine conditions. Model gas test results as well as engine bench data are used for discussion of the parameters which control NOx adsorption efficiency under various conditions.

NONE

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

2014 Best and Worst MPG Cars  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cars Cars 2014 Most Efficient Cars by EPA Size Class (including Electric Drive Vehicles) 2014 Most Efficient Cars by EPA Size Class (excluding Electric Drive Vehicles) 2014 Least Efficient Cars by EPA Size Class 2014 Most Fuel Efficient Cars (including electric vehicles) EPA Class Vehicle Description Fuel Economy Combined Two-Seaters smart fortwo electric drive Convertible A-1, 55kw DCPM, Electric Vehicle 107* smart fortwo electric drive coupe smart fortwo electric drive coupe A-1, 55kw DCPM, Electric Vehicle 107* Minicompacts Fiat 500e Fiat 500e A-1, 82 kW AC Induction, Electric Vehicle 116* Subcompacts Chevrolet Spark EV Chevrolet Spark EV A-1, 104 kW ACPM, Electric Vehicle< 119* Compacts Ford Focus Electric Ford Focus Electric Automatic (CVT), 107 kW AC Induction, Electric Vehicle

144

Diesel cars in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to develop a better understanding of the causes of the recent increased interest in diesel cars, thereby providing insight into the related behavior of institutions and individuals. This knowledge may improve the formulation of federal policies for diesel, electric, and other more energy-efficient car systems. The study describes developments in the diesel car field over the past few years, and discusses the present status of diesel cars. Historical data were assembled on diesel car sales and on parameters that might have affected the sales. Information is included on the following items related to diesel cars: buyers preferences and why; fuel economy and availability; energy conservation potential; and exhaust emissions, their control and air pollution effects. (LCL)

Not Available

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Census Division Number of Average Monthly Average Retail Price...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Average Monthly Average Retail Price Average Monthly Bill State Consumers Consumption (kWh) (Cents per Kilowatthour) (Dollar and cents) New England 34,271 67,907 12.55 8,520.25...

146

CARS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

19 TOYOTA 4Runner 2WD 18 4Runner 4WD 19 AVALON 13 Camry 5, 13 Camry (nat'l gas) 5 Camry Solara 11 Camry Solara conv 10 Celica 10 Corolla 11 Echo 11 Land Cruiser Wagon 4WD 19 MR2...

147

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide Agency/Company /Organization: United Kingdom Department for Transport Focus Area: Other Topics: Best Practices Website: webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustain This guide is aimed at a wide variety of groups to provide help on the delivery of car sharing and car club schemes for specific organizations and communities. The guidance is supported by a detailed study report and full case study reports. This guide seeks to enhance existing guidance given in other best practice notes, particularly those related to travel plans. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

148

CalCars | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

engineers, environmentalists and consumers promoting 100+MPG plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). References CalCars1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No...

149

2001 TMS Annual Meeting: Car Rental Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 11, 2001 ... Has been selected as the official car rental company for the 2001 TMS Annual Meeting, February 11–15, 2001, in New Orleans, Louisiana.

150

EERE Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home: Solar Car  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Car Illustration of Roofus, a golden retriever, sitting in a solar car, which is dome-shaped and has a small compartment for the driver. Almost all cars today use gasoline, but my...

151

R&D Partnership for the Next Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

supercede batter y-electric cars and i n t rusive governmentproduction hybrid-electric car, followed in 2000 automakersthan today’s f rom electric cars, especially small city

Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

A car-following theory for multiphase vehicular traffic flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

c Dynamics: Studies in Car Following, Operations Research,R. , and Potts, R.B. (1959). Car-Following Theory of Steady-18] Newell, 1999, A simpli?ed car-following theory: a lower

Zhang, H.M.; Kim, T.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

2001 Electronic Materials Conference: Hertz Rent-a-Car - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hertz Rent-a-Car System has been selected as the Official Car Rental Company for ... one week after the actual meeting dates and are subject to car availability.

154

A Car-Following Theory for Multiphase Vehicular Traffic Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

c Dynamics: Studies in Car Following, Operations Research,R. , and Potts, R.B. (1959). Car-Following Theory of Steady-18] Newell, 1999, A simpli?ed car-following theory: a lower

Zhang, H. Michael; Kim, T.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

On-Street Parking Spaces for Shared Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

available to privately owned cars might even encourage morespace dedicated to a shared car can benefit many people,Fox, and Jon Burkhart. 2005. “Car-Sharing: Where and How It

Osgood, Andrea

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

European Green Cars Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

European Green Cars Initiative European Green Cars Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: European Green Cars Initiative Agency/Company /Organization: European Commission Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Best Practices Website: www.green-cars-initiative.eu/public/ The European Green Cars Initiative is one of three Public Private Partnerships (PPP) of the European Economic Recovery Plan. The objective of the initiative is to support research and development for technologies and infrastructure needed to achieve breakthroughs in the use of renewable and non-polluting energy sources, safety, and traffic fluidity. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies

157

Energy study of rail passenger transportation. Volume 1. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

The results and conclusions of the study by SRI treats the following topics: physical assets and services of rail passenger systems; energy demands and intensities; roles of local institutions; the industry future; and the role of the Federal government. Data reported were collected in 1976 and 1977, and in most cases, cover calendar year 1975.

Henderson, C.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Personal vehicles preferred by urban Americans: household automobile holdings and new car purchases projected to the year 2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A procedure is described for modeling the choices made in urban American households among personal vehicles on the bases of cost, passenger capacity, and engine technology, and it projects those preferences to the year 1990 and 2000. The results of this disaggregate technique are used by the other predictive research tasks undertaken by Argonne National Laboratory in a project entitled Technology Assessment of Productive Conservation in Urban Transportation (TAPCUT). The vehicle preferences reported here furnish data for the overall TAPCUT objective of forecasting the probable effects of energy conservation policies in transportation. In our projections, vehicles with standard spark-ignition (Otto-cycle) engines continue to dominate automobile holdings and new car purchases in either of two socioeconomic scenarios under any of three settings (an existing policy set and two alternative conservation strategies). From 1990, small cars (seating four or fewer passengers) dominate urban holdings and sales in two of the three TAPCUT energy strategies - the exception being the strategy that emphasizes individual travel - and this holds true with only a minor variation for both socioeconomic scenarios (an optimistic one and a slightly pessimistic one). Advanced-technology vehicles are most successful under the Individual Travel Strategy. It appears that vehicle charateristics are far more significant than demographic descriptors in estimating household vehicle choice using this modeling approach.

Saricks, C.L.; Vyas, A.D.; Bunch, J.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cars (Text Cars (Text Alternative Version) to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations Multimedia Conferences & Meetings

160

Compare New and Used Hybrid Cars, Trucks and SUVs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mazda Mercedes-Benz Mercury Nissan Porsche Saturn Toyota Volkswagen Market Class Small Cars Coupes SportsSporty Cars Hatchbacks Family Sedans Upscale Sedans Luxury Sedans SUVs...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Potential benefits of solar reflective car shells: Cooler cabins...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of solar reflective car shells: Cooler cabins, fuel savings and emission reductions Title Potential benefits of solar reflective car shells: Cooler cabins, fuel savings and...

162

Investigation of Diesel combustion using multiple injection strategies for idling after cold start of passenger-car engines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comprehensive investigation was carried out in order to better understand the combustion behaviour in a low compression ratio DI Diesel engine when multiple injection strategies are applied just after the engine cold starts in low temperature conditions (idling). More specifically, the aim of this study was twofold: on one hand, to understand the effect of the multiple injection strategies on the indicated mean effective pressure; on the other hand, to contribute to the understanding of combustion stability characterized by the coefficient of variation of indicated mean effective pressure. The first objective was fulfilled by analyzing the rate of heat release obtained by in-cylinder pressure diagnosis. The results showed that the timing of the pilot injection closest to the main injection was the most influential parameter based on the behaviour of the rate of heat release (regardless of the multiple injection strategy applied). For the second objective, the combustion stability was found to be correlated with the combustion centroid angle. The results showed a trend between them and the existence of a range of centroid angles where the combustion stability is strong enough. In addition, it was also evident that convenient split injection allows shifting the centroid to such a zone and improves combustion stability after start. (author)

Payri, F.; Broatch, A.; Salavert, J.M.; Martin, J. [CMT-Motores Termicos, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Aptdo. 22012, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Green Racing - Where Clean Cars Finish First  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Technology R&D Center INVENTING THE FUTURE. efficient. clean. safe. Green Racing Where Clean Cars Finish First In green racing, speed is a factor, but the overall winner is determined by a formula that also takes the car's environmental footprint into consideration. Race organizers calculated a principal component of each car's score by using Argonne's Greenhouse gas, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model. Research funding provided by the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. Did you know... Opportunity The racetrack is a proving ground that often leads to innovations in consumer vehicles. Green

164

Piecewise linear car-following modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a traffic model which extends the linear car-following model as well as the min-plus traffic model (a model based on the min-plus algebra). A discrete-time car-dynamics describing the traffic on a 1-lane road without passing is interpreted as a dynamic programming equation of a stochastic optimal control problem of a Markov chain. This variational formulation permits to characterize the stability of the car-dynamics and to calculte the stationary regimes when they exist. The model is based on a piecewise linear approximation of the fundamental traffic diagram.

Farhi, Nadir

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Car buyers and fuel economy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

corporate average fuel economy standards. Economic InquiryAll rights reserved. Keywords: Fuel economy; Fuel ef?ciency;improvement in the fuel economy of an SUV they have designed

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

San Francisco City CarShare: Travel-Demand Trends and Second-Year Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

influenced private-car usage, belonging to City CarSharesurvey about their car-share usage. Members completed theUsage Exhibit B.1. City CarShare In-Vehicle Survey Instrument CITY CARSHARE SURVEY -- Car

Cervero, Robert; Tsai, Yu-Hsin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Car Parts Self-Assembled From  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Parts Self-Assembled From DNA Next: Navigation Helmet Cr SoundTech, Clay Dillow, clean energy, desali desalinization, electricity production, micro cells, wastewater Not bad for a microbe Microbial fuel cell desalinates water while generating electricity: This microbial

168

A hybrid method for robust car plate character recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Image-based car plate recognition is an indispensable part of an intelligent traffic system. The quality of the images taken for car plates, especially for Chinese car plates, however, may sometimes be very poor, due to the operating conditions and distortion ... Keywords: Car plate character recognition, Genetic algorithm, Multiple classifiers combination, Similar character recognition, Statistical classification, Structural classification

Xiang Pan; Xiuzi Ye; Sanyuan Zhang

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

ElisaTM - Car to infrastructure communication in the field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Car to infrastructure (C2I) communication as an aspect of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) is a topic that is currently under wide research. Most works however deal with theoretical analysis, simulative evaluation or closed testbeds. There are ... Keywords: C2C, C2I, C2X, Car to car, Car to infrastructure, Traffic light communication

Benno Schweiger; Christian Raubitschek; Bernard Bäker; Johann Schlichter

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

General aspects of driver-car interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

General aspects of Human Machine Interface (HMI) are very hard to be defined. They are the on the top level of interest when studying the reliability of the human operators. The first part of our article deals with general problems of HMI and its application ... Keywords: EEG, HMI, car simulation, civil aviation authority(CAA), controlled flight into terrain (CFIT), driver-car interaction, human factors, human performance and limitations (HPL)

Mirek Svítek; Petr Bouchner; Jind?ich Krása; Jin?ich Sadil; Zuzana B?linová; Jakub Rajnoch; Václav Vodrážka

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Travel Time Estimation Using Floating Car Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report explores the use of machine learning techniques to accurately predict travel times in city streets and highways using floating car data (location information of user vehicles on a road network). The aim of this report is twofold, first we present a general architecture of solving this problem, then present and evaluate few techniques on real floating car data gathered over a month on a 5 Km highway in New Delhi.

Sevlian, Raffi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Forecasts of intercity passenger demand and energy use through 2000  

SciTech Connect

The development of national travel demand and energy-use forecasts for automobile and common-carrier intercity travel through the year 2000. The forecasts are driven by the POINTS (Passenger Oriented Intercity Network Travel Simulation) model, a model direct-demand model which accounts for competition among modes and destinations. Developed and used to model SMSA-to-SMSA business and nonbusiness travel, POINTS is an improvement over earlier direct demand models because it includes an explicit representation of cities' relative accessibilities and a utility maximizing behavorial multimodal travel function. Within POINTS, pathbuilding algorithms are used to determine city-pair travel times and costs by mode, including intramodal transfer times. Other input data include projections of SMSA population, public and private sector employment, and hotel and other retail receipts. Outputs include forecasts of SMSA-to-SMSA person trips and person-miles of travel by mode. For the national forecasts, these are expanded to represent all intercity travel (trips greater than 100 miles, one way) for two fuel-price cases. Under both cases rising fuel prices, accompanied by substantial reductions in model-energy intensities, result in moderate growth in total intercity passenger travel. Total intercity passenger travel is predicted to grow at approximately one percent per year, slightly fster than population growth, while air travel grows almost twice as fast as population. The net effect of moderate travel growth and substantial reduction in model energy intensities is a reduction of approximately 50 percent in fuel consumption by the intercity passenger travel market.

Kaplan, M.P.; Vyas, A.D.; Millar, M.; Gur, Y.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

EIA Average Energy Consumption 2005  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table US8. Average Consumption by Fuels Used, 2005 Physical Units per Household Fuels Used (physical units of consumption per household using the fuel)

174

Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

about 30% of national energy  consumption  and  passenger for  30%  of  national  energy  consumption [Davis 2007].  to  20% of national energy consumption [Davis 2007].  

Chester, Mikhail V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

U.S. Shared-use Vehicle Survey Findings: Opportunities and Obstacles for Carsharing and Station Car Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3) Shaheen, S.A. Pooled Cars. Access Magazine. University ofCarsharing, Station Cars, and Combined Approaches.Mandate—Linking Clean Fuel Cars, Carsharing, and Station Car

Shaheen, Susan A.; Meyn, Mollyanne; Wipyewski, Kamill

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Grid-Averaged Surface Fluxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the inadequacies of formulations for surface fluxes for use in numerical models of atmospheric flow. The difficulty is that numerical models imply spatial averaging over each grid area. Existing formulations am based on the ...

L. Mahrt

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

High average power pockels cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high average power pockels cell is disclosed which reduces the effect of thermally induced strains in high average power laser technology. The pockels cell includes an elongated, substantially rectangular crystalline structure formed from a KDP-type material to eliminate shear strains. The X- and Y-axes are oriented substantially perpendicular to the edges of the crystal cross-section and to the C-axis direction of propagation to eliminate shear strains.

Daly, Thomas P. (Pleasanton, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

ChemMatCARS Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

179

The Chemistry of Dependence: Cars, Chemical and Technological Change in the US, Germany and Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engaged in large- scale electric car development projectspress the development of electric cars (discussed in Sectioninstead, will be to sell the electric cars: ôWhile Chrysler

Hodges, David; Tulder, Rob van

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Body Mass Index, Neighborhood Fast Food and Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership Sanae Inagami,body mass index and whether car ownership might moderateRESTAURANT CONCENTRATION, AND CAR OWNERSHIP Quiznos, Little

Inagami, Sanae; Cohen, Deborah A.; Brown, Arleen F.; Asch, Steven M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Automobility in India: A Study of Car Acquisition and Ownership Trends in the City of Surat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Size Category of Car Owned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Trends in sales of cars of different sizes, 2001-and other countries . . . . . . . . . . Car size segments in

Banerjee, Ipsita

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan —— Chinese Urban Motorization Pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan ——the automobile, the result is that car ownership has becomeof American families lack cars. In China, however, large

Ximing, Lu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature in Washington’s National Parks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature inLouter. Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature inpost-consumer waste. “Cars, not people, are the parks’

Anderson, Byron

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

U.S. Shared-Use Vehicle Survey Findings on Carsharing and Station Car Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3. Shaheen, S. A . Pooled Cars. Access Magazine. UniversityCarsharing, Station Cars, and Combined Approaches. InMandate: Linking Clean-Fuel Cars, Carsharing, and Station

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Can Boosting Minority Car-Ownership Rates Narrow Inter-Racial Employment Gaps?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the 1990 5% PUMS and the Household Level Car- OwnershipVariable Black CarBlack*Car Female Married High School Graduate Some College

Raphael, Steven; Stoll, Michael

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

U.S. Carsharing & Station Car Policy Considerations: Monitoring Growth, Trends & Overall Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carsharing, Station Cars, and Combined Approaches. InYear Travel Demand and Car Ownership Impacts. Submitted tofor Carsharing and Station Car Growth. Paper No. 03-4469. In

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Cars and the City: An Investigation of Transportation and Residential Location Choices in New York City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weighted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Car Ownership inof Private Car Riding Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109 4.11 Number of Cars Per Household from the RT-HIS Sample

Salon, Deborah

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Can Boosting Minority Car-Ownership Rates Narrow Inter-Racial Employment Gaps?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Bargaining for a New Car. ” American Economic Review 85 (Price Discrimination in New Car Pur- chases: Evidence fromand Lorien Rice. 2000. “Car Ownership, Employment, and Earn-

Raphael, Steven; Stoll, Michael

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Implementation of Endomorphisms of the CAR Algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The implementation of non-surjective Bogoliubov transformations in Fock states over CAR algebras is investigated. Such a transformation is implementable by a Hilbert space of isometries if and only if the well-known Shale-Stinespring condition is met. In this case, the dimension of the implementing Hilbert space equals the square root of the Watatani index of the associated inclusion of CAR algebras, and both are determined by the Fredholm index of the corresponding one-particle operator. Explicit expressions for the implementing operators are obtained, and the connected components of the semigroup of implementable transformations are described.

Carsten Binnenhei

1997-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

190

Core Measure Average KTR Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measure Measure Average KTR Results FY 12 Target FY 12 DOE M&O CONTRACTOR (KTR) BSC RESULTS FY 2012 Customer Perspective and level of communication provided by the procurement office 95 92 Internal Business Perspective: Assessment (%) of the degree to which the purchasing system is in compliance with stakeholder requirements 97 Local Goals % Delivery on-time (includes JIT, excludes Purchase Cards) 88 84 % of total dollars obligated, on actions > $150K , that were awarded using effective competition 73 Local Goals Rapid Purchasing Techniques: -% of transactions placed by users 77 Local Goals -% of transactions placed through electronic commerce 62 Local Goals Average Cycle Time: -Average cycle time for <= $150K 8 6 to 9 days

191

RELATIONSHIP BUILDING WITH FREIGHT RAILROADS CRITICAL TO SUPPORT INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELATIONSHIP BUILDING WITH FREIGHT RAILROADS CRITICAL TO SUPPORT INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL DEVELOPMENT Kyle Bardo "...if all we do is super-impose high speed passenger rail on existing freight networks everyone in transporta- tion to emphasize rail and water transportation a little bit more than it's been

Illinois at Chicago, University of

192

North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars September 10, 2010 - 1:47pm Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Two Smart Cars to save Florida city $4,800 annually Smart Cars to be used as part of night patrols of city parks City estimates will save more than $33,000 annually through Recovery Act projects The Parks and Recreation Department of North Lauderdale, Fla., is saving money and reducing its carbon footprint, thanks to the recent addition of two energy efficient "Smart Cars" to the city's fleet. The pint-sized cars, which can travel up to 40 miles on a single gallon of fuel, were purchased with funds from the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program. The cars, which were purchased in Broward County, are used to perform night

193

Magna E-Car Opening | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Magna E-Car Opening Magna E-Car Opening Magna E-Car Opening April 27, 2012 - 4:40pm Addthis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager Patrick B. Davis gets ready to cut the ribbon at Magna E-Car's new electric drive component plant in Michigan. From left: Mike Finney - CEO, Michigan Economic Development Corporation; Gary Meyers - VP/General Manager, Magna E-Car USA, LP; Pat Davis; Kevin Pavlov - Chief Operating Officer, Magna E-Car Systems; Marilyn Hoffman, Township Supervisor, Grand Blanc Township, Michigan; Joseph Graves, State Representative 51st District, Michigan House of Representatives; Tim Herman, CEO, The Genesee County Chamber of Commerce. | Photo courtesy of Magna E-Car. Vehicle Technologies Program Manager Patrick B. Davis gets ready to cut the ribbon at Magna E-Car's new electric drive component plant in Michigan.

194

Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in...

195

Gas Mileage of 1986 Vehicles by Panther Car Company Limited  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Panther Car Company Limited Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1986 Panther Car Company Limited Kallista 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1986 Panther...

196

NREL: News - Solar and Lithium Ion Car Race Winners Announced  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

913 Solar and Lithium Ion Car Race Winners Announced May 18, 2013 Ninety-seven teams from 28 Colorado schools participated in today's car competitions hosted by the U.S. Department...

197

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #695: October 3, 2011 New Car...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: October 3, 2011 New Car Dealerships to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 695: October 3, 2011 New Car Dealerships on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle...

198

Obama Administration drives release of car safety data, unveils...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Obama Administration drives release of car safety data, unveils new NHTSA SaferCar app for iOS Safety DataTools Apps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Safety You are here...

199

Gas Mileage of 1988 Vehicles by Panther Car Company Limited  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Panther Car Company Limited Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1988 Panther Car Company Limited Kallista 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1988 Panther...

200

Applied ecotechnological issues for recycling cars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper shows the need for recycling cars. Recycling operation is particularly complicated because after dismantling and split a wide range of material resulting in a proportion different and difficult to separate. There are presented two recycling ... Keywords: end-of-life-vehicle recycling, hammer mill technology, shrreder technology

Gheorghe Amza; Zoia Apostolescu; Mihaiela Iliescu; Zlatko Garac; Sanda Paise; Maria Groza

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................ 102.88 93.42 92.24 87.96 94.34 94.10 105.84 96.30 95.67 95.33 95.67 93.33 94.12 97.64 95.00 Brent Spot Average ........................................................... 118.49 108.42 109.61 110.09 112.49 102.58 110.27 108.29 106.33 105.00 103.00 102.00 111.65 108.41 104.08 Imported Average .............................................................. 108.14 101.18 97.18 97.64 98.71 97.39 103.07 100.03 99.64 99.33 99.69 97.35 101.09 99.85 99.04 Refiner Average Acquisition Cost ...................................... 107.61 101.44 97.38 97.27 101.14 99.45 105.24 100.44 100.15 99.82 100.18 97.83 100.83 101.61 99.50 Liquid Fuels (cents per gallon) Refiner Prices for Resale Gasoline .........................................................................

202

Baldrige Award Recipients--Cadillac Motor Car Company ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... challenge. Over the last several years, its cars have improved markedly in quality, reliability, durability, and performance. ...

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

203

5th Symposium on Railroad Tank Cars - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... processing strategies, correlation of material properties with puncture performance, safety and security of tank cars, non destructive testing, maintenance and ...

204

Opportunities for Multimodal CARS Microscopy in Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Optical and X-ray Imaging Techniques for Material Characterization. Presentation Title, Opportunities for Multimodal CARS Microscopy in Materials ...

205

CarSpeak : a content-centric network for autonomous driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from its local ...

Suresh Kumar, Swarun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The Dynamics of Household Travel Time Expenditures and Car Ownership Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or more of the others (say, car usage as a function of carnumberof workers, explains car usage, but not car ownership;locations imply higher car usage in terms of travel times

Golob, Thomas F.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars Vicente Milanés, Joshué. An electric car has been equipped with the system designed and tests to prove the behavior of the system transportation systems. Among these topics, the automation of the actuators involved in the management of a car

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

208

CAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT COMPETE WITH THE PRIVATE CAR?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public transport is often perceived to be a poor alternative for car use. This paper describes who may be open to use public transport more often, and how people might be persuaded to use it. A computerised questionnaire study was conducted among 1,803 Dutch respondents in May 2001. Results revealed that especially fervent car users disliked public transport. For them, the car outperformed public transport not only because of its instrumental function, but also because the car represents cultural and psychological values, e.g. the car is a symbol of freedom and independence, a status symbol and driving is pleasurable. So, for fervent car users, car use is connected with various important values in modern society. Infrequent car users judged less positively about the car and less negatively about public transport. Consequently, they may be open to use public transport more regularly. In contrast, many efforts are needed to stimulate fervent car users to travel by public transport, because in their view, public transport cannot compete with their private car. In this case, policies should be aimed at reducing the functional, psychological and cultural values of private cars, as well as increasing the performance of public transport and other (more) environmentally sound modes of transport on these aspects.

L. Steg; Linda Steg

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Some aspects of quantum entanglement for CAR systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study quantum entanglement for CAR systems. Since the subsystems of disjoint regions are not independent for CAR systems, there are some distinct features of quantum entanglement which cannot be observed in tensor product systems. We show the failure of triangle inequality of von Neumann and the possible increase of entanglement degree under operations done in a local region for a bipartite CAR system.

Hajime Moriya

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

210

Simulative evaluation of the potential of car2X-communication in terms of efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Much effort has been put to evaluate the potential of Intelligent Transportation Systems based on Car2X communication with respect to traffic safety. However, harnessing Car2X communication for efficiency purposes also offers potentials in terms of reducing ... Keywords: CO2, car2car, car2infrastructure, car2x, efficiency, fuel consumption

Benno Schweiger; Philipp Ehnert; Johann Schlichter

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Decentralized Traffic Management Strategies for Sensor-Enabled Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traffic Congestions and accidents are major concerns in today's transportation systems. This thesis investigates how to optimize traffic flow on highways, in particular for merging situations such as intersections where a ramp leads onto the highway. In our work, cars are equipped with sensors that can detect distance to neighboring cars, and communicate their velocity and acceleration readings with one another. Sensor-enabled cars can locally exchange sensed information about the traffic and adapt their behavior much earlier than regular cars. We propose proactive algorithms for merging different streams of sensor-enabled cars into a single stream. A proactive merging algorithm decouples the decision point from the actual merging point. Sensor-enabled cars allow us to decide where and when a car merges before it arrives at the actual merging point. This leads to a significant improvement in traffic flow as velocities can be adjusted appropriately. We compare proactive merging algorithms against the conventio...

Wang, Ziyuan; Ramamohanarao, Kotagiri

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

K-homology of the CAR algebra.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compare the K-theory and K-homology of the well known CAR algebra. While the $K_0$ group is infinitely generated, we shows that it pairs identically to zero with even Fredholm modules over the algebra. We show further that in fact the even K-homology is trivial, while the odd K-homology is very large. These results give some insight into the K-homology of AF-algebras.

Tom Hadfield

213

Wheego Electric Cars | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wheego Electric Cars Wheego Electric Cars Jump to: navigation, search Name Wheego Electric Cars Place Atlanta, Georgia Zip 30318 Sector Vehicles Product Atlanta-based Wheego has designed compact full-speed electric vehicles and low-speed EVs and said it plans to complete testing by summer 2010. The company has signed a battery supply deal with Flux Power. Coordinates 33.748315°, -84.391109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.748315,"lon":-84.391109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

214

Cars af Tomorrow and the American Community  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cars of Tomorrow and the American Community High School Curriculum Created by Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) Click on the links below to take you to the Chapter heading: Cover Page and Orientation Availability and Distribution of Alternative Fuels Health, Pollution, and Safety Operation, Maintenance, and Refueling Fuel Fact Sheets H I G H S C H O O L C U R R I C U L U M O N A L T E R N A T I V E F U E L S 50 Miles Street, Suite 3, Greenfield, MA 01301 www.nesea.org June, 2002 CARS OF TOMORROW AND THE AMERICAN COMMUNITY L E A D I N G T H E W A Y T O S U S T A I N A B L E E N E R G Y H I G H S C H O O L C U R R I C U L U M O N A L T E R N A T I V E F U E L S CARS OF TOMORROW AND THE AMERICAN COMMUNITY 50 Miles Street, Suite 3, Greenfield, MA 01301 www.nesea.org June, 2002 L E A D I N G T H E W A Y T O S U S T A I N A B L E E N E R G Y © Copyright 2001 Northeast Sustainable Energy Association

215

Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Variable Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences Percent of Projections Over- Estimated Gross Domestic Product Real Gross Domestic Product (Average Cumulative Growth)* (Table 2) 1.0 42.6 Petroleum Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Constant $) (Table 3a) 35.2 18.6 Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Nominal $) (Table 3b) 34.7 19.7 Total Petroleum Consumption (Table 4) 6.2 66.5 Crude Oil Production (Table 5) 6.0 59.6 Petroleum Net Imports (Table 6) 13.3 67.0 Natural Gas Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Constant $) (Table 7a) 30.7 26.1 Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Nominal $) (Table 7b) 30.0 27.1 Total Natural Gas Consumption (Table 8) 7.8 70.2 Natural Gas Production (Table 9) 7.1 66.0 Natural Gas Net Imports (Table 10) 29.3 69.7 Coal Coal Prices to Electric Generating Plants (Constant $)** (Table 11a)

216

Ballistic Resistance of Armored Passenger Vehicles: Test Protocols and Quality Methods  

SciTech Connect

This guide establishes a test methodology for determining the overall ballistic resistance of the passenger compartment of assembled nontactical armored passenger vehicles (APVs). Because ballistic testing of every piece of every component of an armored vehicle is impractical, if not impossible, this guide describes a testing scheme based on statistical sampling of exposed component surface areas. Results from the test of the sampled points are combined to form a test score that reflects the probability of ballistic penetration into the passenger compartment of the vehicle.

Jeffrey M. Lacy; Robert E. Polk

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

ABSTRACT UNIVERSITY OF LUND CAR SHARING NETWORKS ROLE OF CAR SHARING IN TRANSPORTATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation within Canada plays a fundamental role in society; with mobility, people are able to interact (pursue leisure, conduct business, and transport goods), and access services. Personal vehicles are the main mode of transportation today and have many costs on society such as greenhouse gas emissions. Canada has recently ratified the Kyoto Protocol and now faces unique challenges of reducing emissions through encouraging sustainable transportation. Car sharing networks have great potential to sponsor emission reductions through reduced personal vehicle usage, without sacrificing personal mobility. Car Sharing is a sustainable alternative to the traditional personal vehicle. Car sharing is defined by a joint access sharing of automobiles that allow members to rent vehicles on an as needed pay per use basis located in urban dense neighbourhoods. Evaluating the role of car sharing and analysis in regards to sustainable transportation objectives are explored. This research defines sustainable development and its parameters to be inclusive of both a broad and narrow consideration. Car Sharing offers social, economic and environmental benefits. One social and economic benefit emphasized is an increase in equity within low income users. This equity may be achieved through increased affordability by shifting fixed pricing structures and providing an alternative to costly fixed capital (vehicle ownership) expenditures. Another advantage includes a reduced vehicle

Spencer Brown

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The parallel hybrid passenger car (VW Golf) combined an EDLCpassenger cars using the ultracapacitors in micro-hybrid,passenger car using both carbon/carbon and hybrid carbon

Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Achronal averaged null energy condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The averaged null energy condition (ANEC) requires that the integral over a complete null geodesic of the stress-energy tensor projected onto the geodesic tangent vector is never negative. This condition is sufficient to prove many important theorems in general relativity, but it is violated by quantum fields in curved spacetime. However there is a weaker condition, which is free of known violations, requiring only that there is no self-consistent spacetime in semiclassical gravity in which ANEC is violated on a complete, achronal null geodesic. We indicate why such a condition might be expected to hold and show that it is sufficient to rule out closed timelike curves and wormholes connecting different asymptotically flat regions.

Graham, Noah; Olum, Ken D. [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States) and Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Achronal averaged null energy condition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The averaged null energy condition (ANEC) requires that the integral over a complete null geodesic of the stress-energy tensor projected onto the geodesic tangent vector is never negative. This condition is sufficient to prove many important theorems in general relativity, but it is violated by quantum fields in curved spacetime. However there is a weaker condition, which is free of known violations, requiring only that there is no self-consistent space-time in semiclassical gravity in which ANEC is violated on a complete, {\\em achronal} null geodesic. We indicate why such a condition might be expected to hold and show that it is sufficient to rule out wormholes and closed timelike curves.

Noah Graham; Ken D. Olum

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects and Social Costs of Road Transport; Transportation The Social Costs of Intercity Passenger  Transportation: A Transportation Research Center, Knoxville, TN.   [Delucchi 1997] Delucchi, M. ; The Annualized Social Cost 

Chester, Mikhail V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A unified framework for trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the design of an active safety framework that performs trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles in hazard avoidance scenarios. The vehicle navigation ...

Anderson, Sterling J., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Estimating train passenger load from automated data systems : application to London Underground  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to assess the feasibility of identifying which trains individual passengers take to get from their origin to destination while travelling in a high frequency urban rail transportation system. ...

Paul, Elizabeth Cheriyamadam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Multi-Anticipative Piecewise-Linear Car-Following Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose in this article an extension of the piecewise linear car-following model to multi-anticipative driving. As in the one-car-anticipative model, the stability and the stationary regimes are characterized thanks to a variational formulation of the car-dynamics. We study the homogeneous driving case. We show that in term of the stationary regime, the multi-anticipative model guarantees the same macroscopic behavior as for the one-car-anticipative one. Nevertheless, in the transient traffic, the variance in car-velocities and accelerations is mitigated by the multi-anticipative driving, and the car-trajectories are smoothed. A parameter identification of the model is made basing on NGSIM data and using a piecewise linear regression approach.

Nadir Farhi; Habib Haj-Salem; Jean-Patrick Lebacque

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

CARS Control Anomaly Recognition System: System Concept, Requirements, and Specifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents results of an initial study aimed at defining the system concept, principal requirements, and functional specification for a control anomaly recognition system (CARS) software tool. The purpose of the CARS software system is to assist nuclear power plant operators in the early detection of faults and anomalies in plant control systems before they cause reactor scrams or component damage. The diagnostic capability technology of CARS can support other process industries' applications b...

2002-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

226

Ortho-aminoazotoluene activates mouse constitutive androstane receptor (mCAR) and increases expression of mCAR target genes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2'-3-dimethyl-4-aminoazobenzene (ortho-aminoazotoluene, OAT) is an azo dye and a rodent carcinogen that has been evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a possible (class 2B) human carcinogen. Its mechanism of action remains unclear. We examined the role of the xenobiotic receptor Constitutive Androstane Receptor (CAR, NR1I3) as a mediator of the effects of OAT. We found that OAT increases mouse CAR (mCAR) transactivation in a dose-dependent manner. This effect is specific because another closely related azo dye, 3'-methyl-4-dimethyl-aminoazobenzene (3'MeDAB), did not activate mCAR. Real-time Q-PCR analysis in wild-type C57BL/6 mice revealed that OAT induces the hepatic mRNA expression of the following CAR target genes: Cyp2b10, Cyp2c29, Cyp3a11, Ugt1a1, Mrp4, Mrp2 and c-Myc. CAR-null (Car{sup -/-}) mice showed no increased expression of these genes following OAT treatment, demonstrating that CAR is required for their OAT dependent induction. The OAT-induced CAR-dependent increase of Cyp2b10 and c-Myc expression was confirmed by Western blotting. Immunohistochemistry analysis of wild-type and Car{sup -/-} livers showed that OAT did not acutely induce hepatocyte proliferation, but at much later time points showed an unexpected CAR-dependent proliferative response. These studies demonstrate that mCAR is an OAT xenosensor, and indicate that at least some of the biological effects of this compound are mediated by this nuclear receptor. - Highlights: > The azo dye and mouse carcinogen OAT is a very effective mCAR activator. > OAT increases mCAR transactivation in a dose-dependent manner. > OAT CAR-dependently increases the expression of a specific subset of CAR target genes. > OAT induces an unexpectedly deferred, but CAR-dependent hepatocyte proliferation.

Smetanina, Mariya A., E-mail: maria.smetanina@gmail.com [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Laboratory of Gene Expression Control, Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 10, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Group of Pharmacogenomics, Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 8, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Pakharukova, Mariya Y. [Laboratory of Gene Expression Control, Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 10, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Kurinna, Svitlana M. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Unit 1000, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Dong, Bingning; Hernandez, Juan P.; Moore, David D. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Merkulova, Tatyana I. [Laboratory of Gene Expression Control, Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 10, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 11002: Number of Cars Equivalent to 100 Metric Tons of Avoided Greenhouse Gases per Year  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

02 Date: January 5, 2011 02 Date: January 5, 2011 Title: Number of Cars Equivalent to 100 Metric Tons of Avoided Greenhouse Gases per Year Originator: Andrea Chew & Tien Nguyen Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: January 25, 2011 A conventional mid-size gasoline car emits 0.45 kg of greenhouse gases (GHG) per mile. 1 One hundred (100) metric tons (t) of GHG per year are equivalent to emissions from 17 conventional gasoline cars. Item: The GHG emissions cited above are from an analysis record prepared by the Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies and Vehicle Technologies Programs on life-cycle emissions of greenhouse gases and petroleum use for several light-duty vehicles. 1 For cars that are between 1 and 5 years old, the average mileage is approximately 13,000,

228

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamometer 30 Facility * Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) 31 ii Preface This report contains brief summaries of key accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership...

229

Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy (CARS) - Available ...  

Search PNNL. PNNL Home; About; Research; Publications; Jobs; News; Contacts; Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy (CARS) Battelle Number(s): 11982. ...

230

East Bay startup mines for electric car batteries  

Friday, May 14, 2010 | Modified: Monday, May 17, 2010 San Francisco Business Times - by Lindsay Riddell To drive the electric car revolution, ...

231

Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

skip to the main content Facebook Flickr RSS Twitter YouTube Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition | National Nuclear Security Administration Our...

232

Jefferson Lab Science Series - The Physics of Stock Car Racing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archive Next Video (Understanding Flight) Understanding Flight The Physics of Stock Car Racing from a NASCAR Champion's Perspective Dr. Scott Winters - Lawrence Livermore...

233

Jefferson Lab's Workbench Projects - Go Far Car Ramps - Main...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Go Far Car Ramps | Background | Overview | Component List | Ramp Construction | Support Arm Preparation | | Base Board Preparation | Top Board Preparation | Support Frame Assembly...

234

Spectral and Parametric Averaging for Integrable Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze two theoretical approaches to ensemble averaging for integrable systems in quantum chaos - spectral averaging and parametric averaging. For spectral averaging, we introduce a new procedure - rescaled spectral averaging. Unlike traditional spectral averaging, it can describe the correlation function of spectral staircase and produce persistent oscillations of the interval level number variance. Parametric averaging, while not as accurate as rescaled spectral averaging for the correlation function of spectral staircase and interval level number variance, can also produce persistent oscillations of the global level number variance and better describes saturation level rigidity as a function of the running energy. Overall, it is the most reliable method for a wide range of statistics.

Tao Ma; R. A. Serota

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

235

Enterprise Rent-a-Car | Staff Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enterprise Rent-a-Car Enterprise Rent-a-Car Please note: Partial day rates only apply to rentals that are being returned to BNL. They do not apply to one way rentals. There is also a $25 fee for one way rentals going to JFK/LaGuardia/Newark airports. FX0019 Official Brookhaven Business Rates include unlimited free mileage 24 Hour Daily Weekly Monthly Economy $47.00 $282.00 $1040.00 Compact $49.00 $294.00 $1078.00 Midsize $51.00 $306.00 $1126.00 Full-size $52.00 $312.00 $1144.00 Mini Vans $81.00 $486.00 $1760.00 4 x 4 $81.00 $486.00 $1760.00 Partial Day Rates Hours are 11 a.m. - 4 p.m. or 4 p.m. - 9 p.m. Compact - $35.00 Midsize - $40.00 Full-size - $45.00 FX0020 - Leisure Rates Unlimited free miles are restricted to the following destinations: New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia.

236

A dynamic model system of household car ownership, trip generation, and modal split: model development and simulation experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

household car ownership, mode usage, and sociodemographictrip making and mode usage upon car ownership appears to beto predict car ownership and mode usage by the panel

Kitamura, Ryuichi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Quality of rail passenger experience: the direct and spillover effects of crowding on individual well-being and organisational behaviour.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The challenge of rail passenger crowding has not been fully addressed in the scientific literature. This thesis describes a research work aimed at (1) investigating… (more)

Mohd Mahudin, Nor Diana

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Estimating Beijing's travel delays at intersections with floating car data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we presented a technical framework to calculate the turn delays on road network with floating car data (FCD). Firstly the original FCD collected with GPS equipped taxies was cleaned and matched to a street map with a distributed system ... Keywords: float car data, intersection delay, principal curves, trajectory

Xiliang Liu; Feng Lu; Hengcai Zhang; Peiyuan Qiu

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Prof. Perot Pricey Oil Could Be Boon for European Car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIE 230 Prof. Perot Pricey Oil Could Be Boon for European Car By LAURENCE FROST, AP Business Writer PARIS - Record-high oil prices might seem like bad news for the auto industry. But one European Car, an electric pump compresses air into a tank. The air in turn pumps pistons that take the vehicle

Perot, Blair

240

Fuzzy Expert System to Estimate Ignition Timing for Hydrogen Car  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the application of fuzzy expert system technique as a basis to estimate ignition timing for subsequent tuning of a Toyota Corolla 4 cylinder, 1.8l hydrogen powered car. Ignition timing prediction is a typical problem to which decision ... Keywords: Fuzzy expert system, Hydrogen engine tuning, Hydrogen powered car, Ignition advance, Ignition timing

Tien Ho; Vishy Karri

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Updated October 2009 Vehicle Rentals Enterprise Rent-a-Car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

employees, including subsidiaries for business and personal use. 4. An increased number of fuel efficient and alternate fuel cars are available in the Enterprise car fleet. 5. Vehicles rented for university business, Shaunavon, and Swift Current, an $8.00 per day surcharge will apply for all vehicles. Renting in Canada

Peak, Derek

242

Joint extention of states of subsystems for a CAR system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on an embedding formula of the CAR algebra into the Cuntz algebra ${\\mathcal O}_{2^p}$, properties of the CAR algebra are studied in detail by restricting those of the Cuntz algebra. Various $\\ast$-endomorphisms of the Cuntz algebra are explicitly constructed, and transcribed into those of the CAR algebra. In particular, a set of $\\ast$-endomorphisms of the CAR algebra into its even subalgebra are constructed. According to branching formulae, which are obtained by composing representations and $\\ast$-endomorphisms, it is shown that a KMS state of the CAR algebra is obtained through the above even-CAR endomorphisms from the Fock representation. A $U(2^p)$ action on ${\\mathcal O}_{2^p}$ induces $\\ast$-automorphisms of the CAR algebra, which are given by nonlinear transformations expressed in terms of polynomials in generators. It is shown that, among such $\\ast$-automorphisms of the CAR algebra, there exists a family of one-parameter groups of $\\ast$-automorphisms describing time evolutions of fermions, i...

Araki, H; Abe, Mitsuo; Kawamura, Katsunori

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Carsharing and Station Cars in Asia: An Overview of Japan and Singapore  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carsharing, station-car, hybrids) operating in Japan iselectric-hybrid vehicles, and a sports car. The minimumhybrids are outfitted with in-vehicle devices allowing one-way trips and instant car

Barth, Matthew; Shaheen, Susan; Fukuda, Tuenjai; Fukuda, Atsushi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

City CarShare: Assessment of Short-Term Travel-Behavior Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the decline in private car usage might be attributed toon restricting private-car usage. Regardless, the mode-private cars as well as walking, cycling, or transit usage.

Cervero, Robert; Creedman, Nina; Pai, Madhav; Pohan, Muhammad

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

City CarShare: Assessment of Intermediate-Term Travel-Behavior Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is cutting into private car usage, especially among higherper year curtailed their private-car usage once joining City16 shows that personal car usage rose as the time savings of

Cervero, Robert; Creedman, Nina; Pai, Madhav; Pohan, Muhammad; Tsai, Yu-Hsin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Single pulse phase-control interferometric coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy (CARS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

b) Energy level diagram of the CARS process. Fig. 2. (a)of pump/Stokes, probe and CARS signal detection (i and j). (spectrometer. Fig. 3. DQSI-CARS of toluene: (a), (b) The

Lim, Sang-Hyun; Caster, Allison G.; Leone, Stephen R.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Neighborhoods, Cars, and Commuting in New York City: A Discrete Choice Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D. , 1999. Income’s effect on car and vehicle ownership,Jong, G. , 1990. An indirect utility model of car ownershipand private car use. European Economic Review 34, 971–985.

Salon, Deborah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Inventory Fluctuations and Price Discrimination: The Determinants of Price Variation in Car Retailing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A?ect the Pricing of New Cars to Women and Minorities? ,”all transaction characteristics, car ?xed e?ects, and demo-characteris- tics, car ?xed e?ects, and demographics. All

Zettelmeyer, Florian; Scott Morton, Fiona; Silva-Risso, Jorge

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Integrin alpha v beta 5 is a primary receptor for adenovirus in CAR-negative cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lactoferrin as a bridge for CAR-independent binding to and18. Alemany R, Curiel DT: CAR-binding ablation does notfactors and redundancy of CAR binding by Ad5. J Virol 2007,

Lyle, Cynthia; McCormick, Frank

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The car, immigrants and poverty: implications for immigrant earnings and job access  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Head Citizen Foreign Born Car Occupation R-Square Adj R-SqD. ,2005, The effects of car access on employment outcomes567-588 Ong, P. , 1996, Work and car ownership among welfare

Clark, William A.V.; Wang, Wenfei Winnie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Grouping Travelers on the Basis of their Different Car and Transit Levels of Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elgar, A. , Bekhor, S. : Car-rider segmentation according tostatus and investment in car mobility. Transp. Res. Rec.people talk about bus and car travel. Transp. Res. A Jensen,

Diana, Marco; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Grouping travelers on the basis of their different car and transit levels of use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elgar, A. , Bekhor, S. : Car-rider segmentation according tostatus and investment in car mobility. Transp. Res. Rec.people talk about bus and car travel. Transp. Res. A Jensen,

Diana, Marco; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Structural Estimation of Price Adjustment Costs in the European Car Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sys- tem: the European Car Market”. C.E.P.R. DiscussionPrice Dispersion in the European Car Market”. The Review ofPrice: Evidence from the European Car Market”. Journal of

Noton, Carlos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Sacred Cars? Optimal Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

use data on 2007 model- year cars. Figure 7: Trends in NOxCSEM WP 181 Sacred Cars? Optimal Regulation of Stationary94720-5180 www.ucei.org Sacred Cars? Optimal Regulation of

Fowlie, Meredith; Knittel, Christopher R; Wolfram, Catherine D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

The Performance of Chicano Masculinity in Lowrider Car Culture: The Erotic Triangle, Visual Sovereignty, and Rasquachismo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Martin. 2007. I Want My Car to Look Like a Whore: LowridingPress. Vigil, Diego. 1991. “Car Charros: Cruising andMasculinity in Lowrider Car Culture: The Erotic Triangle,

Chavez, Michael Juan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line June 21, 2011 - 2:09pm Addthis The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Last Thursday, the Library of Congress's vaunted halls were filled with undergraduate and graduate students on the edge of their seats, waiting to hear the first place winner of the EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge competition. As Patrick Davis, Vehicle Technologies Program Manager for the Department

257

NREL: News Feature - Middle Schoolers Shine in Electric Car Races  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Middle Schoolers Shine in Electric Car Races Middle Schoolers Shine in Electric Car Races May 24, 2013 In this photo, a boy grins widely as he holds a yellow folder over his model solar car. In the background are several black neoprene tracks and other middle-school students awaiting the starting signal. An adult race judge holds her hand in the air, signaling that everything is ready for the start of the race. Enlarge image Xavier Urquijo from Summit Ridge Middle School in Littleton waits for the start signal to lift the folder covering the solar panel on his team's car, "Knight Hawk." His team was one of 97 from 28 Colorado middle schools racing solar and lithium-ion powered vehicles they designed and built themselves at NREL's 2013 Junior Solar Sprint and Lithium-Ion Battery car competitions on May 18.

258

EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate October 26, 2010 - 5:21pm Addthis EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Last year, Americans used about 138 billion gallons of gasoline - mostly imported - for transportation, costing Americans about $300 billion. The Department of Energy, through the Recovery Act, is investing in more fuel-efficient battery and electric vehicles to reduce these costs and training a strong, talented workforce to develop these cleaner, more sustainable technologies. Recognizing the importance of engaging students in this endeavor, the Department of Energy and General Motors (GM) established the EcoCar Challenge - a three-year Advanced Vehicle

259

New NHTSA CAFE Standards (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

EISA2007 requires the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to raise the CAFE standards for passenger cars and light trucks to ensure that the average tested fuel economy of the combined fleet of all new passenger cars and light trucks sold in the United States in model year (MY) 2020 equals or exceeds 35 mpg, 34 percent above the current fleet average of 26.4 mpg. Pursuant to this legislation, NHTSA recently proposed revised CAFE standards that substantially increase the minimum fuel economy requirements for passenger cars and light trucks for MY 2011 through MY 2015.

Information Center

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

260

FreedomCAR Capacitor Test Manual  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ID-11173 ID-11173 Revision 0 September 21, 2004 FreedomCAR Ultracapacitor Test Manual Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product, process or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Twisted duality of the CAR-Algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a complete proof of the twisted duality property M(q)'= Z M(q^\\perp) Z* of the (self-dual) CAR-Algebra in any Fock representation. The proof is based on the natural Halmos decomposition of the (reference) Hilbert space when two suitable closed subspaces have been distinguished. We use modular theory and techniques developed by Kato concerning pairs of projections in some essential steps of the proof. As a byproduct of the proof we obtain an explicit and simple formula for the graph of the modular operator. This formula can be also applied to fermionic free nets, hence giving a formula of the modular operator for any double cone.

Hellmut Baumgärtel; Matthias Jurke; Fernando Lledó

2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze) 237-0121 Yes No No #12;Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries Valvoline Instant Oil Change-9929 Yes Yes Yes * See the DEP website, www.dep.state.pa.us/cgi_apps/oil, for used oil recycling locations

Yener, Aylin

263

The economic and environmental potential of electric cars within the Amsterdam Airport Corridor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Electric cars currently receive much attention. Schiphol Group considers the uptake of electric cars an interesting solution to decrease transport related emissions around the airport.… (more)

Nobel, N.C.X.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

speed? From the private car to CashCar Sharing. SPEED - A12(2): 106-119. Steg, L. (2005). "Car use: lust and must.and affective motives for car use." Transportation Research

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

average fleet-wide CAFE compliane levels (miles per gallon) for passenger cars and light-duty tracks, model years 2017-2025, based on the model year 2010 baseline fleet Model...

266

Influencing Factors on Energy Consumption of Air Conditioning System in Railway Passenger Station Based on Orthogonal Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Orthogonal experiment was used to analyze the energy consumption of air conditioning system, which belongs to four typical passenger stations in four regions, including severe cold region, cold region, hot summer and cold winter region, hot summer and ... Keywords: Railway Passenger Station, Orthogonal Experiment, Air Conditioning Energy Consumption, Energy Conservation

Weiwu Ma; Liqing Li; Suoying He; Jia Cheng; Guijie Huang; Chenn Q. Zhou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Climate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Policy Analysis and energy security concerns have prompted policy action in the United States and abroad to reduce petroleum

268

Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge Addthis EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 1 of 8 EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 US Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu talks shop with members of the West Virginia EcoCAR team. Image: Energy Department Image | Photo by Charles Watkins, Contractor EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event2 of 8 2 of 8 EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event2 of 8 Secretary Steven Chu discusses the EcoCAR Challenge during the 'Finish Line' event held at the US Department of Energy headquarters in Washington, DC. Image: Energy Department Image | Photo by Charles Watkins, Contractor EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 3 of 8 3 of 8 EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 3 of 8

269

Community Activity Room (CAR) Painter, Version 4.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CAR V4 software visualizes transmission congestion and grid reliability in both a two-dimensional painting and a three-dimension rendering of walls enclosing a Community Activity Room. EPRI developed the concept of the Community Activity Room in the spring of 2002. It was implemented in the CAR Painter software. A demonstration software was issued in September 2002. In April, 2004, version 2.0 was released with many features added to the CAR Painter, including a 3-D visualization module. Version 3.0 ...

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

270

De Finetti theorem on the CAR algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The symmetric states on a quasi local C*-algebra on the infinite set of indices J are those invariant under the action of the group of the permutations moving only a finite, but arbitrary, number of elements of J. The celebrated De Finetti Theorem describes the structure of the symmetric states (i.e. exchangeable probability measures) in classical probability. In the present paper we extend De Finetti Theorem to the case of the CAR algebra, that is for physical systems describing Fermions. Namely, after showing that a symmetric state is automatically even under the natural action of the parity automorphism, we prove that the compact convex set of such states is a Choquet simplex, whose extremal (i.e. ergodic w.r.t. the action of the group of permutations previously described) are precisely the product states in the sense of Araki-Moriya. In order to do that, we also prove some ergodic properties naturally enjoyed by the symmetric states which have a self--containing interest.

Vito Crismale; Francesco Fidaleo

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

A brief study into the impact University of Bath has had on CO2 emissions and the cost of ownership of passenger cars.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

working for Ford Motor Company. He is now an independent consultant. The University of Bath have an excellent history of collaborating with Ford Motor Company and others in the UK over the last 25 years [1]. This technology has been applied to several Ford engines including the 1.0L EcoBoost gasoline

Collomosse, John

272

Tips for Planning, Building, and Testing a Model Car  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tips for Planning, Building, and Testing Your Lithium- Ion Battery Powered Car CONTENTS: ï‚¢ Teacher Overview ï‚¢ What Teachers Can Do To Help ï‚¢ Student Design Plan ï‚¢ Brainstorming ï‚¢ Materials ï‚¢ Chassis Design ï‚¢ Transmission ï‚¢ Gear Ratio ï‚¢ Wheels and Bearings ï‚¢ Battery ï‚¢ Testing ï‚¢ Trouble Shooting TEACHER OVERVIEW ï‚¢ The Lithium-ion battery powered car competition is designed to be an engineering challenge for middle school students. ï‚¢ Students will be exploring the following concepts while planning, building and testing their cars: ï‚— Alternative energy sources ï‚— Engineering design ï‚— Aerodynamics ï‚— Force and motion ï‚— Teamwork ï‚— Problem solving ï‚¢ Teams who do not have a completed car at the

273

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line Addthis Description The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. Speakers Secretary Steven Chu; MIchael Bly, Lynn Gnatt, Carlos Cubero-Ponce, Ryan Melsert, Eric Schacht, Andrew Eldridge, Duration 4:23 Topic Alternative Fuel Vehicles Fuel Economy Batteries Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Credit Energy Department Video (Music.) LYNN GANTT (Virginia Tech): There are 16 universities that compete in the

274

Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition June 17, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Thursday evening a team of students from Virginia Tech University learned they received top honors when they were named the overall winners of EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge after designing and building an extended-range electric vehicle (EREV) using E85 (ethanol). Virginia Tech competed against 15 other universities to take home the top prize of the three-year competition sponsored by the Department of Energy and General Motors. This unique competition helps train students and engineers to become the next generation of workers the U.S. needs to lead the global auto industry. "The ingenuity and dedication shown by the students of Virginia Tech in

275

Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition | race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Students race lithium ion battery powered cars ... Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition Posted By Greg Cunningham, Pantex Public Affairs

276

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech Addthis Description Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C.. Speakers Lynn Gantt Duration 1:43 Topic Alternative Fuel Vehicles Fuel Economy Batteries Consumption Credit Energy Department Video LYNN GANTT: My name is Lynn Gantt and I'm the team leader for the Virginia Tech EcoCAR team.

277

EcoCar Students Spread the Word | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCar Students Spread the Word EcoCar Students Spread the Word EcoCar Students Spread the Word June 16, 2011 - 11:34am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program "If you build it, they will come" is a mantra that might be well suited for rural sporting venues, but the organizers behind the EcoCAR competition realize that in the commercial sector, merely producing a finely tuned product often isn't enough to make it successful. That's why along with challenging students to re-engineer a donated vehicle to minimize gas consumption and emissions while maintaining consumer acceptability, they've made outreach and education key components of the competition. Whether they're speaking to policy makers or elementary school students, each of the teams have worked to convey the benefits of advanced technology

278

BioCARS_J_Mol_Bio_327_1093.qxd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

using the BioCARS sector 14 beamline at the APS have determined how changes in a pair of proteins lead to the family of neurological disorders that includes Tay-Sachs dis- ease....

279

INTERACTION DESIGN ISSUES FOR CAR NAVIGATION SYSTEMS Paul Curzon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Toyota system we studied states "Learn how to use this system and become thoroughly familiar Our study was based upon the Toyota Navigation System as installed in a Toyota Avensis hire car

Curzon, Paul

280

TransForum v9n1 - EcoCAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

solutions and embrace innovations ranging from plug-in hydrogen fuel cells to all-electric vehicles. EcoCAR, which is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"With the help of EECBG funding, our community is aiming to become an area-wide model of energy efficiency," says Mayor Brady. "The Smart Cars are a great first step, but...

282

Concept of actuation and control for the EO smart connecting car (EO scc)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the mechanical structure, electrical layout and control concept of the four-wheeled electric vehicle EO smart connecting car (EO scc). This car is able to change its shape, a feature provided by a foldable chassis, which also allows ... Keywords: car docking, drive by-wire, extended maneuverability, modular electric car, morphology, road train, wheel hub motor

Michael Jahn; Martin Schröer; Yong-Ho Yoo; Mehmed Yüksel; Frank Kirchner

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

passenger cars using the ultracapacitors in micro-hybrid,passenger car using both carbon/carbon and hybrid carbonhybrid vehicle designs and operating strategies are shown in Table 1 for a mid-size passenger car.

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Ultracapacitors for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles - Performance Requirements, Status of the Technology, and R&D Needs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kWh energy storage in a hybrid passenger car or 10 kWh in ain a Series Hybrid Passenger Car on the Federal (USA) Urbanin a Series Hybrid Passenger Car on the Federai (USA) Urban

Burke, Andrew F

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Fire on the Web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Passenger Trains. NIST studied the large-scale burning behavior of materials used for Amtrak passenger rail car interior furnishings. ...

286

Average Stock Levels: Crude Market & Propane  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This graph shows that propane was not alone in experiencing excess supply in 1998 and extraordinary stock builds. Note that the graph shows average stock levels ...

287

Optimization Online - String-Averaging Projected Subgradient ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 29, 2013 ... Optimization Online. String-Averaging Projected Subgradient Methods for Constrained Minimization. Yair Censor(yair ***at*** math.haifa.ac.il)

288

Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American and transoceanic routes Title Ozone levels in passenger cabins of commercial aircraft on North American and transoceanic routes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Bhangar, Seema, Shannon Cowlin, Brett C. Singer, Richard G. Sextro, and William W. Nazaroff Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 42 Issue 11 Pagination 3938-43 Abstract Ozone levels in airplane cabins, and factors that influence them, were studied on northern hemisphere commercial passenger flights on domestic U.S., transatlantic, and transpacific routes. Real-time data from 76 flights were collected in 2006-2007 with a battery-powered UV photometric monitor. Sample mean ozone level, peak-hour ozone level, and flight-integrated ozone exposures were highly variable across domestic segments (N = 68), with ranges of 100 ppbv) ozone levels on domestic flights were associated with winter-spring storms that are linked to enhanced exchange between the lower stratosphere and the upper troposphere.

289

Archila, Sakamoto, Fearing, and Sussman 1 PRODUCTIVITY OF PASSENGER RAIL TRANSPORTATION SERVICES IN1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Archila, Sakamoto, Fearing, and Sussman 1 PRODUCTIVITY OF PASSENGER RAIL TRANSPORTATION SERVICES IN rail transportation in the NEC experienced considerable yet highly volatile23 productivity growth 12 For presentation at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board13 14 November 14

Entekhabi, Dara

290

An investigation of the information needs of air passengers traveling to the airport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, nearly 200 million person-trips over 100 miles one-way were taken by airplane in 1995, a 186 percent increase since 1977 (Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 1998). As the popularity of air travel continues to increase, the number of trips to and from the airport will inevitably rise also. Passengers will need accurate information about all modes on a total trip basis. This includes the modes of access to and from the airport in addition to the long distance segment of the trip (Sverdrup & Parcel Consultants, Inc., et al., 1996). The purpose of this study was to determine the specific information needs of departing air travelers with regard to the pre-trip and en-route phases of their trip to the airport. Based on the results of this research, effective plans for providing supplementary information in support of ground-side travel can be developed by local, state, and national agencies. To gain an understanding of air passenger information needs, personal interviews were conducted with 216 passengers at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston, Texas. One major finding from this research was that in general, passengers are content with the existing types of real-time travel information that are available. Specifically, the survey results showed that passengers currently use and would prefer to have access to flight information including, confirmed schedules, flight delays, and gate assignments. It was also found that most passengers would prefer to receive travel information earlier in their trip (i.e., before beginning their trip). This could possibly be so that they have the information earlier in their decision-making process and thus would have adequate time to evaluate their options. Finally, based on the survey results, air passengers indicated they would prefer to use e-mail, pagers, telephones, and the Internet when making future travel information inquiries. In particular, business travelers were found to have a higher affinity toward e-mail and pagers, while younger travelers simply preferred newer technologies to receive travel information. As a result, these population categories are prime targets for marketing of information services. Overall, each of these findings was similar to and backed up the results from previous studies.

Burdette, Debra Arlene

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Dynamic Multiscale Averaging (DMA) of Turbulent Flow  

SciTech Connect

A new approach called dynamic multiscale averaging (DMA) for computing the effects of turbulent flow is described. The new method encompasses multiple applications of temporal and spatial averaging, that is, multiscale operations. Initially, a direct numerical simulation (DNS) is performed for a relatively short time; it is envisioned that this short time should be long enough to capture several fluctuating time periods of the smallest scales. The flow field variables are subject to running time averaging during the DNS. After the relatively short time, the time-averaged variables are volume averaged onto a coarser grid. Both time and volume averaging of the describing equations generate correlations in the averaged equations. These correlations are computed from the flow field and added as source terms to the computation on the next coarser mesh. They represent coupling between the two adjacent scales. Since they are computed directly from first principles, there is no modeling involved. However, there is approximation involved in the coupling correlations as the flow field has been computed for only a relatively short time. After the time and spatial averaging operations are applied at a given stage, new computations are performed on the next coarser mesh using a larger time step. The process continues until the coarsest scale needed is reached. New correlations are created for each averaging procedure. The number of averaging operations needed is expected to be problem dependent. The new DMA approach is applied to a relatively low Reynolds number flow in a square duct segment. Time-averaged stream-wise velocity and vorticity contours from the DMA approach appear to be very similar to a full DNS for a similar flow reported in the literature. Expected symmetry for the final results is produced for the DMA method. The results obtained indicate that DMA holds significant potential in being able to accurately compute turbulent flow without modeling for practical engineering applications.

Richard W. Johnson

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Development of Improved Traveler Survey Methods for High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-speed passenger rail is seen by many in the U.S. transportation policy and planning communities as an ideal solution for fast, safe, and resource-efficient mobility in high-demand intercity corridors. To expand the body of knowledge for high-speed intercity passenger rail in the U.S., the overall goal of this dissertation was to better understand the demand for high-speed intercity passenger rail services in small- or medium-sized intermediate communities and improve planners' ability to estimate such demand through traveler surveys; specifically, the use of different experimental designs for stated preference questions and the use of images to describe hypothetical travel alternatives in traveler surveys. In pursuit of this goal, an Internet-based survey was distributed to residents of Waco and Temple, two communities located along the federally-designated South Central High-Speed Rail Corridor in Central Texas. A total of 1,160 surveys were obtained from residents of the two communities. Mixed logit travel mode choice models developed from the survey data revealed valuable findings that can inform demand estimates and the design of traveler surveys for high-speed intercity passenger rail planning activities. Based on the analysis presented in this dissertation, ridership estimates for new high-speed intercity passenger rail lines that are planned to serve intermediate communities should not assume that residents of these communities have similar characteristics and values. The d-efficient stated preference experimental design was found to provide a mode choice model with a better fit and greater significance on key policy variables than the adaptive design and therefore is recommended for use in future surveys. Finally, it is recommended that surveys should consider the use of images of proposed train services to aid respondent decision-making for stated preference questions, but only if the images used in the survey depict equipment that could be realistically deployed in the corridor.

Sperry, Benjamin

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Bayesian curve estimation by model averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Bayesian approach is used to estimate a nonparametric regression model. The main features of the procedure are, first, the functional form of the curve is approximated by a mixture of local polynomials by Bayesian model averaging (BMA), second, the ... Keywords: BIC criterion, Bayesian model averaging, Local polynomial regression, Nonparametric curve fitting, Robustness

Daniel Peña; Dolores Redondas

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Property:SalinityAverage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SalinityAverage SalinityAverage Jump to: navigation, search Property Name SalinityAverage Property Type Number Description Mean average of the low and high end measurements of the salinity [ppm] of the fluid. This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: C Coso Geothermal Area Pages using the property "SalinityAverage" Showing 19 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + 975 + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 700 + Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + 4300 + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 3500 + C Chena Geothermal Area + 325 + D Desert Peak Geothermal Area + 6700 + Dixie Valley Geothermal Area + 2295 + E East Mesa Geothermal Area + 3750 + G Geysers Geothermal Area + 217 + K Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area + 18750 +

295

Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1 Through 2006, data are for passenger cars (and, through 1989, for motorcycles). Beginning in 2007, data are for passenger cars, light trucks, vans, and sport ...

296

average air temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average air temperature average air temperature Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords average air temperature

297

The Shape of Averaged Drop Size Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shape of averaged drop size distributions (DSD) is studied from a large sample of data (892 h) collected at several sites of various latitudes. The results show that neither the hypothesis of an exponential distribution to represent rainfall ...

Henri Sauvageot; Jean-Pierre Lacaux

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Lagged Average Predictions in a Predictability Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lagged average predictions are examined here within the context of an idealized predictability experiment. Lagged predictions contribute to making better forecasts than the forecasts obtained from using only the latest initial state. Analytic ...

John O. Roads

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Probabilistic Visibility Forecasting Using Bayesian Model Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bayesian model averaging (BMA) is a statistical postprocessing technique that has been used in probabilistic weather forecasting to calibrate forecast ensembles and generate predictive probability density functions (PDFs) for weather quantities. ...

Richard M. Chmielecki; Adrian E. Raftery

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Photodissociation of metallo-carbohedrene (met-cars) cluster cations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Castleman and co-workers have recently reported the formation of especially stable metal-carbon clusters designated [open quotes]metallo-carbohedrenes[close quotes], or [open quotes]met-cars[close quotes]. In their work, metal-carbon mixed clusters having the formula M[sub 8]C[sub 12] form preferentially from plasmas containing a carbon precursor and transition metals (e.g., Ti[sub 8]C[sub 12]). We report here the first mass-selected photo-dissociation experiments on met-cars clusters. These experiments reveal the decomposition mechanism of these species and provide new insight into their bonding and stabilities. These photodissociation experiments indicate that there are at least two general mechanisms important in met-cars cluster decomposition, metal atom elimination and M-C[sub 2] elimination. Chromium and iron met-cars clusters are suggested to be less stable overall than titanium and vanadium systems, while the M-C[sub 2] interactions are suggested to be especially strong for zirconium met-cars cluster. 10 refs., 1 fig.

Pilgrim, J.S.; Duncan, M.A. (Univ. of Georgia, Athens (United States))

1993-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (after 24-May 2010 06:00):" Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (after 24-May 2010 06:00):" ,,"Choke","Average","Average","Fluid","Methanol","Water","Oil","Gas","Hyd. Eq.","Gas" ,"Choke","Setting","Upstream","Upstream","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery" "Date and Time","Setting","Duration","Pressure","Temp.","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Portion" "dd-mmm-yy","(64ths)","(hours)","(psia)","(degF)","(bfpd)","(bfpd)","(bwpd)","(bopd)","(mmcfpd)","(boepd)","(%)"

302

Average transmission probability of a random stack  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transmission through a stack of identical slabs that are separated by gaps with random widths is usually treated by calculating the average of the logarithm of the transmission probability. We show how to calculate the average of the transmission probability itself with the aid of a recurrence relation and derive analytical upper and lower bounds. The upper bound, when used as an approximation for the transmission probability, is unreasonably good and we conjecture that it is asymptotically exact.

Yin Lu; Christian Miniatura; Berthold-Georg Englert

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

303

A high average power pockels cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high average power pockels cell is disclosed which reduced the effect of thermally induced strains in high average power laser technology. The pockels cell includes an elongated, substantially rectangular crystalline structure formed from a KDP-type material to eliminate shear strains. The X- and Y-axes are oriented substantially perpendicular to the edges of the crystal cross-section and to the C-axis direction of propagation to eliminate shear strains.

Daly, T.P.

1986-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

304

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Car2Go Launches Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on AddThis.com... Feb. 2, 2013 Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego

305

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: April 20, 7: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on AddThis.com... Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older The median age of cars continues to grow in 2008 while the median age of

306

Using Vehicle Taxes to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rates of New Passenger Vehicles: Evidence from France, Germany, and Sweden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

France, Germany, and Sweden link vehicle taxes to the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rates of passenger vehicles. Based on new vehicle registration data from 2005–2010, a vehicle’s tax is negatively correlated with its ...

Klier, Thomas

307

Assessment of the potential diversion of air passengers to high-speed rail in the northeast corridor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high level of intercity passenger travel in the Northeast Corridor is supported by densely populated metropolitan city-centers, the suitable distance between the urban areas, and the extent to which economic and social ...

Clarke, Michael D. D.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Estimating Averaging Times for Point and Path-Averaged Measurements of Turbulence Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncertainty over how long to average turbulence variables to achieve some desired level of statistical stability is a common concern in boundary-layer meteorology. Several models exist that predict averaging times for measurements of variances ...

Edgar L. Andreas

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in alkaline media of any non-precious metal catalyst developed to date. June 4, 2013 A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National Laboratory) A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National

310

Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer January 7, 2010 - 4:05pm Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Nicole Lambiase grew up near Cape Canaveral and the Kennedy Space Center where she attended space shuttle launches, dreamed of the stars and had hopes of becoming an astronaut. In 2004, Nicole's dreams advanced as she began the aeronautical engineering program at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Daytona Beach, Florida. Even though Nicole thrived in the program, she quickly discovered this path would more likely lead her to driving a computer rather than a space module. So Nicole made a leap of faith and switched to the newly-formed mechanical

311

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reaches the Finish Line Reaches the Finish Line EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line June 21, 2011 - 2:09pm Addthis The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Last Thursday, the Library of Congress's vaunted halls were filled with undergraduate and graduate students on the edge of their seats, waiting to hear the first place winner of the EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge competition. As Patrick Davis, Vehicle Technologies Program Manager for the Department

312

Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in alkaline media of any non-precious metal catalyst developed to date. June 4, 2013 A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National Laboratory) A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National

313

FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR Partnership FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Item Page Preamble 2 Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Charge Stratification to Improve HCCI Combustion Efficiency 3 * Lower Temperature Diesel Combustion 4 * Sensors for Closed-Loop Diesel Engine Control 5 Electrical & Electronics * High Voltage Power Module Hits Performance & Cost Targets 6 Electrochemical Energy Storage * 42V Battery Test Manual Issued 7 * Abuse Tolerant Li-Ion Cathode 8 * Li-Ion Battery Thermal Run-Away Mechanism 9 * Li-Ion Electrolyte Model for Low Temperatures 10 * Li-Ion HEV Battery Cost Reduced 11 Fuel Cells * Advanced Fuel Cell Membrane Electrolyte 12

314

Validity and failure of some entropy inequalities for CAR systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic properties of von Neumann entropy such as the triangle inequality and what we call MONO-SSA are studied for CAR systems. We show that both inequalities hold for any even state. We construct a certain class of noneven states giving counter examples of those inequalities. It is not always possible to extend a set of prepared states on disjoint regions to some joint state on the whole region for CAR systems. However, for every even state, we have its `symmetric purification' by which the validity of those inequalities is shown. Some (realized) noneven states have peculiar state correlations among subsystems and induce the failure of those inequalities.

Hajime Moriya

2004-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

315

Transportation of coal, grain, and passengers by rail and waterways. Transportation research record  

SciTech Connect

Contents of this paper are: Railroad rate deregulation--effects on corn and soybean shipments; Fuel efficiency in freight transportation; Transportation of coal to seaports via Mid-America inland waterway system; Impacts of proposed transshipment facility on price of delivered coal in New York; Physical and operating characteristics of ferry vessels; Role of waterborne transportation in urban transit; and Waterborne access to Gateway National Recreation Area and other waterfront recreation areas by passenger barge-tugboat combinations.

Miller, J.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

my money in my beliefs…and buy a hybrid car to help promotethe production of further hybrid cars…that year they wereCar Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

The All-Electric Commute: An Assessment of the Market Potential for Station Cars in the San Francisco Bay Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sperling, D. 1994. "Electric Cars and the Future." ITSReviewUP HERE TO TEST DRIVE AN ELECTRIC CAR Availability for testtest drives of an electric car. Non-polluting commuting."

Cervero, Robert; Round, Alfred; Reed, Carma; Clark, Brian

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

The All-Electric Commute: An Assessment of the Market Potential for Station Cars in the San Francisco Bay Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

financially support station-car usage by their employeesinfor home- end station-car usage. Designing a Questionnaire Awell suited to station-car usage multiplied by the percent

Cervero, Robert; Round, Alfred; Reed, Carma; Clark, Brian

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

European Cross-National Production Networks in the Auto Industry: Eastern Europe as the Low End of European Car Complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to produce 30,000 Passat car anually from 1993 onwards. The1997) Origin: country rd POLAND EU CEFTA 1. new cars 1 2.used cars 3. Engines 4. bodies 5. gearbox 6. tires 7. other

van Tulder, Rob; Ruigrok, Winifred

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

A dynamic model system of household car ownership, trip generation, and modal split: model development and simulation experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1987) Why do people buy cars? Paper presented at the 5thRegression Model of Private Car Use. Report AE 4/87, FacultyEffects of Income and Car Ownership on Trip Generation: A

Kitamura, Ryuichi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Simultaneous forward and epi-CARS microscopy with a single detector by time-correlated single photon counting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy," Proc Natl Acadenables separation of CARS microscopy data from multiphoton-overlap of the F and E-CARS signals. Due to traveling an

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

World average top-quark mass  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes a talk given at the Top2008 Workshop at La Biodola, Isola d Elba, Italy. The status of the world average top-quark mass is discussed. Some comments about the challanges facing the experiments in order to further improve the precision are offered.

Glenzinski, D.; /Fermilab

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 report, Staff Forecast: Retail Electricity Prices, 2005 to 2018, was prepared with contributions from the technical assistance provided by Greg Broeking of R.W. Beck, Inc. in preparing retail price forecasts

324

Exact bounds for average pairwise network reliability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several methods for finding exact bounds of average pairwise network connectivity (APNC) are proposed. These methods allows faster decision making about if a network is reliable for its purpose. Previous results on cumulitive updating of all-terminal ... Keywords: algorithm, network reliability, pairwise connectivity

Alexey Rodionov; Olga Rodionova

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Students Power Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on AddThis.com... April 14, 2012 Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel

326

Argonne TTRDC - TransForum v10n1 - EcoCAR Year 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of The MathWorks and John Kruckenberg of The Ohio State University check out engine data at the fall 2009 EcoCAR Challenge workshop in Boston. Year Two of EcoCAR: The NeXt...

327

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by Bill Dovell Motor Car Company  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Bill Dovell Motor Car Company Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 Bill Dovell Motor Car Company Dovell 230CE 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984...

328

Feature - Green Car of the Year tour focuses on clean diesel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Green Car of the Year tour focuses on clean diesel at Argonne Don Hillebrand, Ron Cogan talk at Green Car Journal event Argonne's Don Hillebrand (left) talks with Ron Cogan, editor...

329

Gas Mileage of 1985 Vehicles by Bill Dovell Motor Car Company  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Bill Dovell Motor Car Company Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1985 Bill Dovell Motor Car Company Dovell 230CE 4 cyl, 2.3 L, Automatic 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1985...

330

Gauge-potential approach to the kinematics of a moving car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A kinematics of the motion of a car is reformulated in terms of the theory of gauge potentials (connection on principal bundle). E(2)-connection originates in the no-slipping contact of the car with a road.

Marian Fecko

1997-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

331

Thinking About Buying a Car this Summer? Read This First! | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

About Buying a Car this Summer? Read This First Thinking About Buying a Car this Summer? Read This First August 4, 2009 - 10:33am Addthis Amy Foster Parish Chances are that if...

332

Noise Test Scores—1970 Clean Air Car Race  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1970 Clean Air Car Race was the first annual race from MIT to Cal Tech by college students in vehicles that meet stringent air pollution requirements. There were 45 vehicles entered in five engine classifications: internal combustion (both gaseous and liquid fuels)

C. W. Dietrich; N. R. Paulhus

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Using an electric car: a situated, instrumented and emotional activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivation -- The objective of the study was to specify how drivers deal with the autonomy of their car, be it traditional or electric, how they plan the recharge and how they check it while driving. Research approach -- For the first part ... Keywords: activity, autonomy, contextual situation, electric vehicle, emotions, instruments, recharge, reflexivity, uncertainty, worry

Béatrice Cahour; Claudine Nguyen; Jean-François Forzy; Christian Licoppe

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Comments on "Modelling the gap size distribution of parked cars"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Comment we discuss some points concerning the modeling of parked cars proposed in the article by Rawal and Rodgers, Physica A (2005). We also introduce another approach to this problem which leads to a better description of the empirical data collected by the authors.

Girardi, Mauricio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Electric Cars Coming to Former Delaware GM Plant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

If a company’s cars are luxurious enough for the Crown Prince of Denmark, then just imagine how the vehicles — which have a 50-mile, emission-free range on a single electric charge — might be received by folks in the U.S.

336

Junior Solar Sprint - So.. You Want To Build A Model Solar Car  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Revised 82301 So... You Want To Build A Model Solar Car 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS TOPIC PAGE SOLAR ENERGY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

337

Carsharing and Station Cars in Asia: An Overview of Japan and Singapore  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carsharing, station car, hybrids) operating i n Japan as o felectric hybrid vehi­ cles, and a sports car. The m i n i mHybrid) One-way Online, automated phone system, or text messaging Cellphone, PIN, and smartcard Whizzcar For-profit Popular Rent-a-Car,

Barth, Mathew; Shaheen, Susan; Fukuda, Tuenjai; Fukuda, Atsushi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS FROM TRAMS, TRAINS AND HYBRID CARS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electric and magnetic fields emitted from Australian trams, trains and hybrid cars were investigated cars are now electrically operated, therefore emitting less CO2 and less pollution into the environmentMEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS FROM TRAMS, TRAINS AND HYBRID CARS Malka N

Halgamuge, Malka N.

339

Do electric cars have to make noise? An emblematic opportunity for designing sounds and soundscapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do electric cars have to make noise? An emblematic opportunity for designing sounds and soundscapes Nantes Conference 23-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 1045 #12;Electric cars tend to become the emerging silent and then present issues as: must electric cars be sonified for preventing pedestrians from dangers

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

340

Embedded Temporal Difference in Life Cycle Assessment: Case Study on VW Golf A4 Car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Case Study on VW Golf A4 Car Chris Y. Yuan, Rachel Simon,performed on VW Golf A4 Car based on previous LCA results.case study on the VW Golf A4 car. Our study is based on a 4

Yuan, Chris; Simon, Rachel; Natalie Mady; Dornfeld, David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Sources Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Natural background Medical Consumer products Industrial, security, educational and research Occupational 0.311 rem 0.300 rem 0.013 rem 0.0003 rem 0.0005 rem Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, provides radiological protection services and oversight at the Savannah River Site (SRS). These services include radiation dose measurements for persons who enter areas where they may be exposed to radiation or radioactive material. The results are periodically reported to monitored individuals. The results listed are based on a radiation dose system developed by the International Commission on Radiation Protection. The system uses the terms "effective dose," "equivalent dose" and units of rem. You may be more familiar with the term "millirem" (mrem), which is 1/1000 of a rem.

342

Fat turnover in obese slower than average  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9-04 9-04 For immediate release: 09/23/2011 | NR-11-09-04 Fat turnover in obese slower than average Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly This scanning electron micrograph image shows part of a lobule of adipose tissue (body fat). Adipose tissue is specialized connective tissue that functions as the major storage site for fat. Photo courtesy of David Gregory & Debbie Marshall/Wellcome Images LIVERMORE, Calif. -- It may be more difficult for obese people to lose fat because the "turnover" rate is much slower for those overweight than average weight individuals. New research in the Sept. 25 online edition of the journal Nature shows that the turnover (storage and loss rate) of fat in the human body is about 1 1/2 years compared to fat cells, which turnover about every 10 years,

343

Natural Gas Prices: Well Above Recent Averages  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The recent surge in spot prices at the Henry Hub are well above a typical range for 1998-1999 (in this context, defined as the average, +/- 2 standard deviations). Past price surges have been of short duration. The possibility of a downward price adjustment before the end of next winter is a source of considerable risk for storage operators who acquire gas at recent elevated prices. Storage levels in the Lower 48 States were 7.5 percent below the 5-year average (1995-1999) by mid-August (August 11), although the differential is only 6.4 percent in the East, which depends most heavily on storage to meet peak demand. Low storage levels are attributable, at least in part, to poor price incentives: high current prices combined with only small price

344

HIGH AVERAGE POWER OPTICAL FEL AMPLIFIERS.  

SciTech Connect

Historically, the first demonstration of the optical FEL was in an amplifier configuration at Stanford University [l]. There were other notable instances of amplifying a seed laser, such as the LLNL PALADIN amplifier [2] and the BNL ATF High-Gain Harmonic Generation FEL [3]. However, for the most part FELs are operated as oscillators or self amplified spontaneous emission devices. Yet, in wavelength regimes where a conventional laser seed can be used, the FEL can be used as an amplifier. One promising application is for very high average power generation, for instance FEL's with average power of 100 kW or more. The high electron beam power, high brightness and high efficiency that can be achieved with photoinjectors and superconducting Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL) combine well with the high-gain FEL amplifier to produce unprecedented average power FELs. This combination has a number of advantages. In particular, we show that for a given FEL power, an FEL amplifier can introduce lower energy spread in the beam as compared to a traditional oscillator. This properly gives the ERL based FEL amplifier a great wall-plug to optical power efficiency advantage. The optics for an amplifier is simple and compact. In addition to the general features of the high average power FEL amplifier, we will look at a 100 kW class FEL amplifier is being designed to operate on the 0.5 ampere Energy Recovery Linac which is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Collider-Accelerator Department.

BEN-ZVI, ILAN, DAYRAN, D.; LITVINENKO, V.

2005-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

345

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation An Energy, Greenhouse Gas, and Criteria Pollutant Inventory of Rail and Air Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail,Heavy Rail and Air, University of California, Berkeley,of Passenger Transportation: Rail and Air Arpad Horvath,

Horvath, Arpad; Chester, Mikhail

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function Ken relaxation length, v sat ø h''i (¸ 0:05¯m), the energy distribution function is not well described calculation of impact ionization coefficient requires the use of a high energy distribution function because

Dunham, Scott

347

Surface localization of the nuclear receptor CAR in influenza A virus-infected cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Constitutive active/androstane receptor CAR is a member of the nuclear receptors which regulate transcription of xenobiotic metabolism enzymes. CAR is usually localized in the cytosol and nucleus. Here, we found that CAR was localized at the cell surface of influenza A virus (IAV)-infected cells. Additionally, we demonstrated that expression of a viral envelope glycoprotein, either hemagglutinin (HA) or neuraminidase (NA), but not viral nucleoprotein (NP), was responsible for this localization. This report is the first demonstration of CAR at the surface of tissue culture cells, and suggests that CAR may exert the IAV infection mechanism.

Takahashi, Tadanobu [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, and COE Program in the 21st Century, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Department of Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, CREST, JST, and COE Program in the 21st Century, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Moriyama, Yusuke; Ikari, Akira; Sugatani, Junko [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, and COE Program in the 21st Century, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Suzuki, Takashi [Department of Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, CREST, JST, and COE Program in the 21st Century, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Miwa, Masao [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, and COE Program in the 21st Century, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan)], E-mail: miwa@u-shizuoka-ken.ac.jp

2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

348

MBTA Green Line 3-car train operating plans to enhance capacity and reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transit agencies face a variety of challenges, from increasing ridership to changes in infrastructure, to system expansions, all of which require significant preparation to accommodate the changes without affecting passengers ...

Malikova, Alexandra A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Average Price of Natural Gas Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. . Quantity and Average Price of Natural Gas Production in the United States, 1930-1996 (Volumes in Million Cubic Feet, Prices in Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table Year Gross Withdrawals Used for Repressuring Nonhydro- carbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Extraction Loss Dry Production Average Wellhead Price of Marketed Production 1930 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,978,911 75,140 1,903,771 0.08 1931 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,721,902 62,288 1,659,614 0.07 1932 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,593,798 51,816 1,541,982 0.06 1933 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,596,673 48,280 1,548,393 0.06 1934 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,815,796 52,190 1,763,606 0.06 1935 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,968,963 55,488 1,913,475 0.06 1936 ....................... 2,691,512 73,507 NA 392,528 2,225,477

350

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Base-pair Parameters --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Shear Stretch Stagger Buckle Propeller Opening 3DNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.77) -11.79(4.14) 0.57(2.80) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.74) -11.35(5.26) 0.63(3.05) CEHS A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.75) -11.82(4.14) 0.56(2.78) B 0.00(0.21) -0.14(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.73) -11.37(5.27) 0.62(3.03) CompDNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.12(7.70) -11.81(4.14) 0.56(2.79) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.70) -11.37(5.26) 0.62(3.03) Curves A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.85) -11.76(4.12) 0.57(2.80)

351

Phase I of the Near Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Vehicle Program are summarized. This phase of the program ws a study leading to the preliminary design of a 5-passenger hybrid vehicle utilizing two energy sources (electricity and gasoline/diesel fuel) to minimize petroleum usage on a fleet basis. This report presents the following: overall summary of the Phase I activity; summary of the individual tasks; summary of the hybrid vehicle design; summary of the alternative design options; summary of the computer simulations; summary of the economic analysis; summary of the maintenance and reliability considerations; summary of the design for crash safety; and bibliography.

Not Available

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University May 24, 2013 - 2:14pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 SAN DIEGO, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Pennsylvania State University its Year Two winner at the EcoCAR 2013 Competition in San Diego. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered in Yuma, Arizona last week for six days of rigorous vehicle testing and evaluation on drive quality and environmental impact at General Motors (GM) Desert Proving Ground. From there, the competition moved to San Diego for a second round of judging by automotive industry experts. EcoCAR 2 -- a three-year competition managed by Argonne National Laboratory

353

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: December 13, 3: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on AddThis.com...

354

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University May 24, 2013 - 2:14pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 SAN DIEGO, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Pennsylvania State University its Year Two winner at the EcoCAR 2013 Competition in San Diego. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered in Yuma, Arizona last week for six days of rigorous vehicle testing and evaluation on drive quality and environmental impact at General Motors (GM) Desert Proving Ground. From there, the competition moved to San Diego for a second round of judging by automotive industry experts. EcoCAR 2 -- a three-year competition managed by Argonne National Laboratory

355

A Quantitative Analysis of the Used-Car Market ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We quantitatively investigate theallocative andwelfare effects of secondarymarkets for cars. An important source of gains from trade in these markets is the heterogeneity in the willingness to pay for higher-quality (newer) goods, but transaction costs are an impedimenttoinstantaneoustrade. Weexplorehowtheincomedistributionaffectsthis heterogeneity—income is an important determinant of willingness to pay for quality. Calibration of themodel successfullymatches several aggregate features of theU.S. and French used-car markets. Counterfactual analyses show that transaction costs have a large effect on volume of trade, allocations, and the primary market. Aggregate effects on consumer surplus and welfare are relatively small, but the effect on lower-income households can be large. Thanks to Chad Syverson for insightful discussions and to Alistair Wilson for excellent research assistance. NSF support is gratefully acknowledged.

Ro Gavazza Aless; Ro Lizzeri Nikita Roketskiy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Why Electric Cars? The Arrival of Plug-in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

President #12;#12;Toyota RAV4EV 1997-2003 #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;· Saving Cars ­ GM EV1 ­ Ford Ranger EV ­ Honda EV Plus ­ Th!nk City ­ Toyota RAV4 EV ­ Chevrolet S10 EV ­ Chrysler EPIC minivan #12 (saved, returned to Norway) ­ Toyota RAV4 EV (800 saved) ­ Chevrolet S10 EV (some saved) ­ Chrysler EPIC

Minnesota, University of

357

Community Activity Room (CAR) Code, Demo Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examining a computer image akin to a weather map, transmission system operators are now able to visualize congestion on the high voltage power lines that make up our nation's massive regional electricity grids. The multi-dimensional image, which represents power market activities, is made possible by a new software tool called the Community Activity Room, or CAR (TM). The colorful graphic shows the current state of wholesale power transactions and their effect on the reliability of an interconnected powe...

2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

358

EV Fleet Success: EV Rental Cars at LAX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EV Fleet Success Case Studies is a series documenting successful fleet uses of electric vehicles in a variety of applications throughout the United States. Each case study describes the applications and provides a contact person for additional information, outlines the benefits of EVs and discusses the challenges encountered with the new technology. This study highlights use of electric vehicles made by Ford, General Motors, Honda and Toyota, available through Budget Rent a Car in Los Angeles.

1999-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

359

Flicker Control of Car Shredder Using Hybrid VAR Compensator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The different operating modes of a new car shredder were anticipated to produce significant voltage drop across the electrical supply network, resulting in flicker emissions that would cause the planning levels at PCC to exceed the limits recommended by the International Electrotechnical Commission. Hand calculations were used to estimate the voltage drop for the various modes and the reactive compensation required to keep flicker at acceptable levels. A hybrid volt-ampere-reactive compensator was design...

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

360

Locally Calibrated Probabilistic Temperature Forecasting Using Geostatistical Model Averaging and Local Bayesian Model Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors introduce two ways to produce locally calibrated grid-based probabilistic forecasts of temperature. Both start from the Global Bayesian model averaging (Global BMA) statistical postprocessing method, which has constant predictive bias ...

William Kleiber; Adrian E. Raftery; Jeffrey Baars; Tilmann Gneiting; Clifford F. Mass; Eric Grimit

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Geographic Gossip: Efficient Averaging for Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gossip algorithms for distributed computation are attractive due to their simplicity, distributed nature, and robustness in noisy and uncertain environments. However, using standard gossip algorithms can lead to a significant waste in energy by repeatedly recirculating redundant information. For realistic sensor network model topologies like grids and random geometric graphs, the inefficiency of gossip schemes is related to the slow mixing times of random walks on the communication graph. We propose and analyze an alternative gossiping scheme that exploits geographic information. By utilizing geographic routing combined with a simple resampling method, we demonstrate substantial gains over previously proposed gossip protocols. For regular graphs such as the ring or grid, our algorithm improves standard gossip by factors of $n$ and $\\sqrt{n}$ respectively. For the more challenging case of random geometric graphs, our algorithm computes the true average to accuracy $\\epsilon$ using $O(\\frac{n^{1.5}}{\\sqrt{\\log ...

Dimakis, Alexandros G; Wainwright, Martin J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Study of the Secondary Benefits of the ZEV Mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ZLEV emission levels, hybrid-electric cars meeting the SULEVthan conventional ICE cars, hybrid-electric transit busesICE-powered passenger cars -- Hybrid-electric light duty

Burke, Andrew; Kurani, Ken; Kenney, E.J.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency May 23, 2012 - 1:55pm Addthis Teams of university students are exploring the hardware of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles this week at the EcoCAR 2 finals in Los Angeles, CA. | Energy Department photo, credit Myles Regan. Teams of university students are exploring the hardware of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles this week at the EcoCAR 2 finals in Los Angeles, CA. | Energy Department photo, credit Myles Regan. Connie Bezanson Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program What are the key facts? First year finals of the EcoCAR2 competition conclude today in Los Angeles, CA. For the second and third years of the competition, teams integrate their systems into a "mule" vehicle and refine their vehicles to meet

364

EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines May 17, 2012 - 4:11pm Addthis A North Carolina State University student works on an EcoCAR vehicle at the Year 3 finals last year in Milford, MI. | Energy Department photo. A North Carolina State University student works on an EcoCAR vehicle at the Year 3 finals last year in Milford, MI. | Energy Department photo. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? First-year finals of the EcoCar2 competition begin Friday, May 18 in Los Angeles, CA. As the auto industry introduces more alternative fuel and energy efficient vehicles to dealerships across the U.S., teams of university students are also making sure consumers have more choices on the showroom floor.

365

A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars May 25, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? An improved car buying experience Clear cut cost comparisons of vehicles If you've ever gone through the process of shopping for a new car, you know just how difficult it can be to cut through the hype and find the best vehicle for you. For decades, consumers have been turning to fuel economy labels to get gas mileage estimates for city and highway driving, to narrow their choices and make an informed purchase. Today, there are more vehicle choices than ever and consumers want to know

366

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience June 17, 2011 - 3:35pm Addthis Virginia Tech's Lynn Gantt tells us about Virginia Tech's EcoCAR entry. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony

367

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground June 13, 2011 - 5:57pm Addthis Virginia Tech puts their EcoCar vehicle through the paces at General Motors' Milford Proving Grounds. | Credit Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Virginia Tech puts their EcoCar vehicle through the paces at General Motors' Milford Proving Grounds. | Credit Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Connie Bezanson Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program What does this project do? EcoCar challenges students to reduce the environmental impact of vehicles by minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions -- while retaining the vehicle's performance, safety and consumer appeal.

368

What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? April 29, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Tuesday, Shannon wrote about plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles. DOE is has a number of projects in the works to encourage development and adoption of these vehicles. While the flying "cars of the future" we imagined in years past have not come to fruition, plug-in and all-electric vehicles have given us a new vision for the "cars of the future," and it's an efficient one! What do you think of electric "cars of the future"? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment

369

Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition April 18, 2011 - 1:52pm Addthis Participants in the EcoCar2 challenge gather for the spring workshop in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Participants in the EcoCar2 challenge gather for the spring workshop in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager What does this project do? Engineering students work to re-engineer a standard vehicle, minimizing fuel consumption and emissions while retaining its original level of performance, safety and consumer appeal. The wait is over. After enduring a rigorous selection process, 16 teams have been chosen to compete in EcoCAR2: Plugging into the Future- a

370

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience June 17, 2011 - 3:35pm Addthis Virginia Tech's Lynn Gantt tells us about Virginia Tech's EcoCAR entry. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony

371

A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars May 25, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? An improved car buying experience Clear cut cost comparisons of vehicles If you've ever gone through the process of shopping for a new car, you know just how difficult it can be to cut through the hype and find the best vehicle for you. For decades, consumers have been turning to fuel economy labels to get gas mileage estimates for city and highway driving, to narrow their choices and make an informed purchase. Today, there are more vehicle choices than ever and consumers want to know

372

What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? April 29, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Tuesday, Shannon wrote about plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles. DOE is has a number of projects in the works to encourage development and adoption of these vehicles. While the flying "cars of the future" we imagined in years past have not come to fruition, plug-in and all-electric vehicles have given us a new vision for the "cars of the future," and it's an efficient one! What do you think of electric "cars of the future"? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments. E-mail

373

Near Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle Development Program. Phase I, Final report. Appendix C: preliminary design data package. Volume II. Appendices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This appendix to the final report on the Hybrid Passenger Vehicle Development Program contans data on Na-S batteries, Ni-Zn batteries; vehicle body design; tire characteristics; and results of computer simulations of vehicle yaw, pitch, and roll under various driving and aerodynamic conditions. (LCL)

Piccolo, R.

1979-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

374

Relationship Building with Freight Railroads Critical to Support Intercity Passenger Rail Development B.A., Blackburn College, Carlinville, Illinois, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relationship Building with Freight Railroads Critical to Support Intercity Passenger Rail: Setting Roles 19 2.6 Saving American Freight Rail 22 2.7 The Staggers Act 23 2.8 Defining the Modern.9 Freight Rail Service Types: Manifest vs. Unit 37 3.10 Summary 39 4. SHARED USE POLICY, PLANNING

Illinois at Chicago, University of

375

CARS polarized microscopy of three-dimensional director structures in liquid crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate three-dimensional vibrational imaging of director structures in liquid crystals using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) polarized microscopy. Spatial mapping of the structures is based on sensitivity of a polarized CARS signal to orientation of anisotropic molecules in liquid crystals. As an example, we study structures in a smectic material and demonstrate that single-scan CARS and two-photon fluorescence images of molecular orientation patterns are consistent with each other and with the structure model.

Kachynski, A V; Prasad, P N; Smalyukh, I I

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

CARS polarized microscopy of three-dimensional director structures in liquid crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate three-dimensional vibrational imaging of director structures in liquid crystals using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) polarized microscopy. Spatial mapping of the structures is based on sensitivity of a polarized CARS signal to orientation of anisotropic molecules in liquid crystals. As an example, we study structures in a smectic material and demonstrate that single-scan CARS and two-photon fluorescence images of molecular orientation patterns are consistent with each other and with the structure model.

A. V. Kachynski; A. N. Kuzmin; P. N. Prasad; I. I. Smalyukh

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

377

Table 5B. Commercial Average Monthly Bill by Census Division ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Electricity > Electric Sales, Revenue, and Price > Commercial Average Monthly Bill by Census Division, and State: Table 5B. Commercial Average Monthly Bill by ...

378

Average summer gasoline prices expected to be slightly lower ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The retail price for regular gasoline is expected to average $3.63 per gallon during this summer driving season, slightly below average prices over ...

379

Table 5B. Commercial average monthly bill by census division...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

" Census Division " " State ","Number of Consumers "," Average Monthly Consumption (kWh)","Price (Cents per Kilowatthour)","Average Monthly Bill (Dollar and cents)" "New...

380

On the String Averaging Method for Sparse Common Fixed Points ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2008 ... gate a string-averaging algorithmic scheme that favorably handles the ... are special cases of the string-averaging and of the BIP algorithmic ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Table 5A. Residential Average Monthly Bill by Census Division ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 5A. Residential Average Monthly Bill by Census Division, and State, 2009: Census Division State Number of Consumers Average Monthly Consumption ...

382

FFTF railroad tank car safety evaluation for packaging  

SciTech Connect

This Safety Evaluation for Packaging (SEP) provides evaluations necessary to approve transfer of the 8,000 gallon Liquid Waste Tank Car (LWTC) from the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) to the 200 Areas. This SEP will demonstrate that the transfer cif the LWTC will provide an equivalent degree of safety as would be provided by packages meeting U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) requirements. This fulfills onsite transportation requirements implemented in the Hazardous Material Packaging and Shipping, WHC-CM-2-14.

Romano, T.

1996-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

383

EERE's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies PowerPoint Presentation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronics and Electric Machines Susan Rogers Office of FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies June 13, 2007 "Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Power Electronics and Electric Machines...

384

Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fuel-cell car encourages youth to consider careers in science, technology, engineering Middle and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in the annual...

385

59th Annual Device Research Conference: Hertz Rent-a-Car  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS Logo. 59th Annual Device Research Conference: Hertz Rent-a-Car. 59th ANNUAL DEVICE RESEARCH CONFERENCE June 25–27, 2001 · University of  ...

386

Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Car Competition National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About High School Middle School Attending National Event Volunteers 2013 Competition Results Middle School Round...

387

Microsoft Word - EXT-12-27320_Idle-Stop_Light_Duty_Passenger_Vehicles.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7320 7320 Quantifying the Effects of Idle-Stop Systems on Fuel Economy in Light- Duty Passenger Vehicles Jeffrey Wishart Matthew Shirk Contract No. DE-FC26-05NT42486 December 2012 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trade mark, manufacturer, or otherwise,

388

All Other Editions Are Obsolete U.S. Department of Energy Shuttle Bus Passenger List  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

511.1 511.1 (02-94) All Other Editions Are Obsolete U.S. Department of Energy Shuttle Bus Passenger List Date: Time: Bus Number: Driver's Signature: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Shuttle operates Express between the Germantown Building and the Washington Office (Forrestal Building). ICC regulations prohibits en-route stops. The information being collected below is for the purpose of identifying individuals utilizing DOE Shuttle service. It is not retrievable by a personal identifier and is, therefore, not being kept in a Privacy Act system of records. Official Government Travelers I certify that travel on this trip is for Official Government business. (Please print all information) Name: (First/Last) Office Symbol or Agency Duty Station 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

389

Forecast of California car and truck fuel demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to forecast likely future car and truck fuel demand in California in light of recent and possible additional improvements in vehicle efficiency. Forecasts of gasoline and diesel fuel demand are made based on projections of primary economic, demographic, and transportation technology variables. Projections of car and light truck stock and new sales are based on regression equations developed from historical data. Feasible future vehicle fuel economies are determined from technical improvements possible with existing technology. Several different cases of market-induced efficiency improvement are presented. Anticipated fuel economy improvements induced by federal mileage standards and rising fuel costs will cause lower future fuel demand, even though vehicle miles traveled will continue to increase both on a per capita and total basis. If only relatively low-cost fuel economy improvements are adopted after about 1985, when federal standards require no further improvements, fuel demand will decrease from the 1982 level of 11.7 billion gallons (gasoline equivalent) to 10.6 billion gallons in 2002, about a 9% reduction. Higher fuel economy levels, based on further refinements in existing technology, can produce an additional 7% reduction in fuel demand by 2002.

Stamets, L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Electric car: is it still the vehicle of the future  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An analysis of electric and internal combustion engine (ICE) cars of equivalent performance shows that, even with advanced batteries, the electic vehicle would be much more costly to run (23 cents/mile vs 16 cents/mile) than the ICE car. The electric vehicle, of course, would not use gasoline, thus reducing the nation's dependence on imported oil; however, the cost of oil saved in this way would be about $190/bbl, and the same result could be achieved at about one-quarter the cost by manufacturing synfuels from domestic coal or oil shale. A similar analysis of some proposed hybrid electric vehicles indicates that they are also more costly to operate than an equivalent conventional vehicle, although by a smaller margin (25 cents/mile vs 21 cents/mile). The cost of oil saved by the use of hybrid vehicles is also lower ($95/bbl), although it is still much more than the projected cost of synthetic fuels. The key to improving the economics of the electric vehicle is to increase battery life or lower battery costs.

Graves, R.L.; West, C.D.; Fox, E.C.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Electric car: is it still the vehicle of the future  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An analysis of electric and internal combustion engine (ICE) cars of equivalent performance shows that, even with advanced batteries, the electric vehicle would be much more costly to run (23 cents/mile vs 16 cents/mile) than the ICE car. The electric vehicle, of course, would not use gasoline, thus reducing the nation's dependence on imported oil; however, the cost of oil saved in this way would be about $190/bbl, and the same result could be achieved at about one-quarter the cost by manufacturing synfuels from domestic coal or oil shale. A similar analysis of some proposed hybrid electric vehicles indicates that they are also more costly to operate than an equivalent conventional vehicle, although by a smaller margin (25 cents/mile vs 21 cents/mile). The cost of oil saved by the use of hybrid vehicles is also lower ($95/bbl), although it is still much more than the projected cost of synthetic fuels. The key to improving the economics of the electric vehicle is to increase battery life or lower battery costs.

Graves, R.L.; West, C.D.; Fox, E.C.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

results for mid-size hybrid cars (5-passengers) using portthe Federal Highway cycle, the hybrid car has only about 10%for compact (4-passenger) hybrid cars using port injected

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Texas Gulf Coast Refinery District API Gravity (Weighted Average ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Texas Gulf Coast Refinery District API Gravity (Weighted Average) of Crude Oil Input to Refineries (Degree)

394

Probing the Vibrational Relaxation of N2 and O2 by Use of CARS Spectroscopy to Model NTE-Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermochemical dynamics associated with hypersonic flight and turbulent flow is vital to understanding the effects that hypersonic turbulence has on objects or vehicles traveling at speeds above Mach 5 (~ 1708 m/s). Non-thermochemical equilibrium (NTE) exists downstream of strong shock fronts and encountered in the shear layers from hypersonic flight, and coupled with turbulence, it has significant effects on flow dynamics. NTE, characterized by high vibrational temperatures of N2 and O2, was observed, and the relaxation processes were measured to obtain time-resolved results. By inducing cold-flow NTE via RF-plasma, species in the flow were probed to determine specific vibrational temperatures at particular distances and times following initial NTE-preparation. The detection technique used in the experiment was coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and variations of this laser-based technique were optimized to maximize accuracy and signal-to-noise in the vibrational relaxation measurements. It was found that the boxCARS variant was most successful in probing the v=1 --> v=0 vibrational transition associated with the measurement. Also a dual pump-beam CARS setup enabled the probing of both N2 and O2 simultaneously; however, in this report only N2 vibrational relaxation was modeled because the lifetime of vibrationally-excited (v=1) O2 was too short and the O2 vibrational temperature was too low to model. The CARS spectra were obtained in a subsonic wind tunnel with a flow velocity of approximately 30 m/s and probing distances from 4.4-39.4 cm downstream the plasma. Five averaged vibrational temperature values were determined and they yielded a decay from 1882 ± 46 K (4.4 cm from plasma) to 1010 ± 16 K (39.4 cm from plasma) showing the relative rate of vibrational relaxation of N2. The vibrational relaxation was also modeled as a function of time after passing through the plasma, and a kinetic simulation was fit to the results. The spectral decay of the v=1 peak relative to v=0 (Iv=1/Iv=0) was found and compared to the decay of the vibrational temperature. Data analysis revealed that the results were in agreement with theory and the observed vibrational relaxation of N2 fit the simulated kinetic model accurately.

Dean, Jacob

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

395

Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year November 9, 2009 - 12:52pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL If you're in the market for a new car, you've probably been doing a lot of research. Talking to friends, reading reviews, scoping out other cars on the road, maybe even taking some test drives. You probably have a list of things you want in car, and you should consider all of these points of comparison before you make a final decision. Buying a car can be confusing, and you may feel overwhelmed by data points, but I'm going to give you more! Aren't you lucky? Before you start banging your head on the desk, read on. This one might be even more important than the car's color.

396

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay MidsizeCars Year Model Displ Cyl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MidsizeCars MidsizeCars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 AUDI A6 2 4 SCV-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB midsize car 6 25 33 28 7 yes 2013 BMW 528i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 midsize car 6 22 33 26 7 yes 2013 BMW 528i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 midsize car 6 24 34 28 7 yes 2013 BMW ActiveHybrid 5 3 6 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXV03.0AH5 midsize car 6 23 30 26 7 yes 2013 BUICK Lacrosse 2.4 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline FA B5 Federal Tier 2 Bin 5 DGMXV02.4060 midsize car 5 25 36 29 8 yes 2013 BUICK Lacrosse 2.4 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline CA L2 California LEV-II LEV DGMXV02.4060 midsize car 5 25 36 29 8 yes 2013 BUICK Regal

397

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay Large Cars Year Model Displ Cyl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Cars Large Cars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 BMW X1 sDrive28i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 large car 6 24 34 28 7 yes 2013 BMW X1 xDrive28i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 large car 6 22 33 26 7 yes 2013 FORD C-MAX Hybrid 2 4 CVT 2WD Gasoline FC B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 DFMXV02.0VZL large car 7 45 40 43 10 yes 2013 FORD Taurus 2 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DFMXV02.0VE6 large car 6 22 32 26 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata 2 4 Auto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHYXV02.01FE large car 6 22 34 26 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata 2.4 4 Auto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHYXV02.41GE large car 6 24 35 28 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata

398

Data management in the CarTel mobile sensor computing system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a reusable data management system, called CarTel, for querying and collecting data from intermittently connected devices. CarTel provides a simple, incrementally-deployable platform for developing automobile-based sensor applications. Our ... Keywords: intermittent connectivity, mobility, query processing, sensor networks, wireless

V. Bychkovsky; K. Chen; M. Goraczko; H. Hu; B. Hull; A. Miu; E. Shih; Y. Zhang; H. Balakrishnan; S. Madden

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

The Toyota.de Car Configurator Hermann Hofstetter, Christian Harr, Elmedin Dedovic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Toyota.de Car Configurator Hermann Hofstetter, Christian Harr, Elmedin Dedovic Human configurator on the Toyota Germany homepage has been analyzed and modified to better suit users' needs, Thomas Memmel: Lecture slide - 01_Intro_visRE_WS0607.pdf #12;The Toyota.de Car Configurator 2

Reiterer, Harald

400

Measurement of Airflow of Air-Conditioning in a Car with PIV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present study, a model experiment is performed in order to clarify the airflow characteristics of a car cabin. In addition, this study provides high precision data for a benchmark test using the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) analysis method. ... Keywords: Car Cabin, Data for Benchmark Test, PIV, Ventilation

J. H. Yang; S. Kato; H. Nagano

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Real Time Simulation and Online Control for Virtual Test Drives of Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virtual prototyping plays a key role in modern car engineering. For virtual test drives of entire cars in the computer, mathematical and computational models of the vehicle, the road, and the driver are presented. The numerical simulation must be performed in real time for application in Hardware-in-the-Loop experiments. Numerical results are presented for the ISO slalom test.

Cornelius Chucholowski; Martin Vögel; Oskar von Stryk; Thiess-Magnus Wolter

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

A forecasting system for car fuel consumption using a radial basis function neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A predictive system for car fuel consumption using a radial basis function (RBF) neural network is proposed in this paper. The proposed work consists of three parts: information acquisition, fuel consumption forecasting algorithm and performance evaluation. ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Car fuel consumption, Radial basis function algorithm

Jian-Da Wu; Jun-Ching Liu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

CarDialer: multi-modal in-vehicle cellphone control application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This demo presents CarDialer - an in-car cellphone control application. Its multi-modal user interface blends state-of-the-art speech recognition technology (including text-to-speech synthesis) with the existing well proven elements of a vehicle information ... Keywords: automated speech recognition, multi-modal, name dialer, vehicle information system

Vladimír Bergl; Martin ?mejrek; Martin Fanta; Martin Labský; Ladislav Seredi; Jan Šedivý; Luboš Ureš

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

On $C^*$-algebras generated by some deformations of CAR relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the representation theory and enveloping $C^*$-algebras for Wick analogues of CAR and twisted CAR algebras. The realization of the $C^*$-algebras under consideration as algebras of continuous matrix-functions satisfying certain boundary conditions is given.

Daniil Proskurin; Yurii Savchuk; Lyudmila Turowska

2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

405

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis -- A Reflexively Designed Survey of New-Car-Buying Multi-Vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gromer, C Newage of the electric car. Popular Mechanics.VEHICLES strongly favor electric cars, but on the other,electric vehicles, if an electric car wasavailable to buy

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gromer, C. New age of the electric car. Popular Mechanics.VEHICLES strongly favor electric cars, but on the other,electric vehicles, if an electric car was available to buy

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

How to Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier, and Get More Mileage Out of Life By Chris Balish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier,Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier,mere thought of not owning a car in the United States today

Wong, Carleton

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: October 29, 1: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012

409

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: April 27, 8: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Delicious

410

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Review of FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Review of FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Review of FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Project Summary Full Title: Review of the Research Program of the U.S. DRIVE Partnership Previous Title(s): Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Project ID: 203 Principal Investigator: Brief Description: The National Research Council's Committee on Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program evaluates the structure and management of the Partnership as well as the Partnership's adequacy, progress, and technical problem areas on a biannual basis. Keywords: Advanced technology vehicles, fuel cells, hydrogen storage, hydrogen production Purpose Evaluate DOE-sponsored research efforts directed at the goal of a hydrogen economy under the U.S. DRIVE Partnership (formerly the FreedomCAR and Fuel

411

Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge May 1, 2012 - 10:04am Addthis The team of James Wei, Andrew Jin, Andy Xu, Allen Guo, and Will Chang from Daniel Wright Middle School, in Lincolnshire, Illinois, built the fastest Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car at this year's competition. At sub-6-second runs, their vehicle easily advanced to victory, being a full second faster than its closest rival. | Photo by Jack Dempsey, National Science Bowl. The team of James Wei, Andrew Jin, Andy Xu, Allen Guo, and Will Chang from Daniel Wright Middle School, in Lincolnshire, Illinois, built the fastest Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car at this year's competition. At sub-6-second runs, their vehicle easily advanced to victory, being a full

412

The Molecular Interaction of CAR and JAML Recruits the Central Cell Signal Transducer PI3K  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is the primary cellular receptor for group B coxsackieviruses and most adenovirus serotypes and plays a crucial role in adenoviral gene therapy. Recent discovery of the interaction between junctional adhesion molecule-like protein (JAML) and CAR uncovered important functional roles in immunity, inflammation, and tissue homeostasis. Crystal structures of JAML ectodomain (2.2 angstroms) and its complex with CAR (2.8 angstroms) reveal an unusual immunoglobulin-domain assembly for JAML and a charged interface that confers high specificity. Biochemical and mutagenesis studies illustrate how CAR-mediated clustering of JAML recruits phosphoinositide 3-kinase (P13K) to a JAML intracellular sequence motif as delineated for the {alpha}{beta} T cell costimulatory receptor CD28. Thus, CAR and JAML are cell signaling receptors of the immune system with implications for asthma, cancer, and chronic nonhealing wounds.

Verdino, Petra; Witherden, Deborah A.; Havran, Wendy L.; Wilson, Ian A. (Scripps)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge May 18, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis While most college students' experience with vehicles goes no further than the beater they picked up for a few thousand dollars, students participating in the EcoCAR: The NeXT Challenge competition get to experience the cutting-edge of driving technology. The competition, which was established by the U.S. Department of Energy and General Motors, is a three year advanced vehicle engineering contest. Yesterday, May 17, was the first day of their Year 2 judging sessions. In EcoCAR, students from 16 universities across North America are competing against each other to build the most environmentally sustainable and practical vehicle. This year's teams have adopted a number of advanced

414

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation An Energy, Greenhouse Gas, and Criteria Pollutant Inventory of Rail and Air Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Social Costs of Intercity Passenger Transportation: AEffects and Social Costs of Road Transport, Transportationtransportation vehicles at specific stages in the lifecycle (Table 1). These studies tend to quantify social costs

Horvath, Arpad; Chester, Mikhail

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Social Costs of Intercity Passenger Transportation: AEffects and Social Costs of Road Transport, TransportationTransportation Research Center, Knoxville, TN [Delucchi 1997] Delucchi, M. , The Annualized Social Cost

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

A technoregulatory analysis of government regulation and oversight in the United States for the protection of passenger safety in commercial human spaceflight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial human spaceflight looks ready to take off as an industry, with "space tourism" as its first application. Paying passengers are likely to begin taking suborbital spaceflights within the next several years, both ...

Leybovich, Michael Elliot

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Near Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle Development Program. Phase I, Final report. Appendix A: mission analysis and performance specification studies. Volume II. Appendices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

These appendices to the mission analysis report for the Near Term Hybrid Vehicle program contain data on passenger vehicle usage by purpose, trip length, travel speed, vehicle age, vehicle ownership and fuel economy, and US demographics. (LCL)

Traversi, M.; Barbarek, L.A.C.

1979-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

418

Containment atmosphere response (CAR) program. Second status report. [HTGR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains a summary of the work performed under the Containment Atmosphere Response (CAR) Program of the High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) Safety Research Task since the publication of the previous status report (February 1978). The work concentrated on development of models describing containment phenomena during core heatup in support of probabilistic risk assessment studies. Models were completed for fission product iodine sorption on coated surfaces, diffusivity and retentivity of untreated concrete, iodine interaction with condensing steam on the containment atmosphere boundaries, and the cleanup filter system. These models were incorporated into a new computer program called CARCAS, a substantial extension of the CNTB computer program, and applied to Accident Initiation and Progression Analysis for Phase II core heatup sequences. Development was begun on models describing the postulated behavior of particulate fission products or aerosols within and leaking out of the containment.

Landoni, J.A.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Updated projections of air quality impacts for electric cars  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Future air pollution emissions and resulting air quality are projected for the five primary air pollutants: total suspended particulates (TSP), sulfur oxides (SO/sub x/), nitrogen oxides (NO/sub x), total hydrocarbons (THC), and carbon monoxide (CO). Separate projections are made for three future years - 1980, 1990, and 2000 - and for three assumed levels of electric car use - zero, 10%, and 100%. Emissions and air quality are analyzed for each of the 24 Air Quality Control Regions (AQCRs) having the largest populations in 1975. Emission projections are made using an improved version of the Regional Emissions Projection System which uses the 1975 National Emissions Data System, 1977 state OBERS growth projections, recent state implementation plans and new source performance standards, and electric utility fuel forecasts from the Recharge Capacity Projection System.

Collins, M.M.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Extensions of representations of the CAR algebra to the Cuntz algebra $O_{2}$ - The fock and the infinite wedge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extensions of representations of the CAR algebra to the Cuntz algebra $O_{2}$ - The fock and the infinite wedge

Kawamura, K

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: July 12, 2004 8: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on AddThis.com... Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles Twenty-five percent of the respondents to a nationwide survey said that

422

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #87: May 4, 1999 Average Annual...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: May 4, 1999 Average Annual Miles per Vehicle by Vehicle Type and Age to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 87: May 4, 1999 Average Annual Miles per...

423

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #517: May 5, 2008 State Average...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: May 5, 2008 State Average Gasoline Prices, April 18, 2008 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 517: May 5, 2008 State Average Gasoline Prices, April 18,...

424

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster than Average Used Light Vehicle Price to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 744:...

425

Improving Wind Profiler–Measured Winds Using Coplanar Spectral Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented that increases the detectability of weak clear-air signals by averaging Doppler spectra from coplanar wind profiler beams. The method, called coplanar spectral averaging (CSA), is applied to both simulated wind profiler ...

Robert Schafer; Susan K. Avery; Kenneth S. Gage; Paul E. Johnston; D. A. Carter

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

On Lateral Dispersion Coefficients as Functions of Averaging Time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plume dispersion coefficients are discussed in terms of single-particle and relative diffusion, and are investigated as functions of averaging time. To demonstrate the effects of averaging time on the relative importance of various dispersion ...

C. M. Sheih

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Vorticity Dynamics and Zonally Averaged Ocean Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diagnostic equations relating the zonally averaged overturning circulation to north–south density variations are derived and used to determine a new closure scheme for use in zonally averaged ocean models. The presentation clarifies the dynamical ...

Daniel G. Wright; Cornelis B. Vreugdenhil; Tertia M. C. Hughes

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Probabilistic Quantitative Precipitation Forecasting Using Bayesian Model Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bayesian model averaging (BMA) is a statistical way of postprocessing forecast ensembles to create predictive probability density functions (PDFs) for weather quantities. It represents the predictive PDF as a weighted average of PDFs centered on ...

J. Mc Lean Sloughter; Adrian E. Raftery; Tilmann Gneiting; Chris Fraley

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Table 5C. Industrial Average Monthly Bill by Census Division ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Electricity > Electric Sales, Revenue, and Price > Industrial Average Monthly Bill by Census Division, and State: Table 5C. Industrial ...

430

Table 4. Average retail price for bundled and unbundled consumers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 4. Average retail price for bundled and unbundled consumers by sector, Census Division, and State 2011

431

Maryland Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States

432

Optimization Online - "Block-Iterative and String-Averaging ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 19, 2009 ... Optimization Online. "Block-Iterative and String-Averaging Projection Algorithms in Proton Computed Tomography Image Reconstruction".

433

Near Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle Development Program. Phase I, Final report. Appendix C: preliminary design data package. Volume I  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The assumptions made, analysis methods used, and preliminary results of research to determine the design specifications for a hybrid electric-powered and internal combustion engine-powered vehicle that would optimize the fuel economy of passenger automobiles are described. Information is included on body and component design, selection of spark-ignition engine and Ni-Zn batteries, life-cycle costs and life-cycle fuel consumption. (LCL)

Piccolo, R.

1979-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

434

Recommended emergency preparedness guidelines for elderly and disabled rail-transit passengers. Final report, November 1987-March 1989  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rail transit has become an important source of transportation for many elderly and disabled persons. The principal reasons for the increased use are improved accessibility, low cost, and expanded areas of service. For the purposes of the report, 'elderly' is defined as any member of the population who is 60 years of age or older, and 'disabled' is defined as any person who has some type of disability. The Urban Mass Transportation Administration (UMTA) has recognized the need to consider the unique characteristics of elderly and disabled passengers in rail-transit emergency response planning. The needs of these passengers can be addressed through carefully planned emergency response procedures, proper training of transit and emergency-response personnel, and effective use of equipment. The recommendations contained herein are therefore intended to assist rail-transit and emergency response organization personnel in evaluating their emergency response plans in terms of the needs of elderly and disabled passengers and, if necessary, to modify or supplement those plans accordingly. The report is intended to supplement the UMTA publication Recommended Emergency Preparedness Guidelines for Rail Transit Systems. That report contains general guidelines designed to assist rail-transit systems in assessing, developing, documenting, and improving their capabilities for responding to emergencies and in coordinating those efforts with emergency response organizations.

Hathaway, W.T.; Markos, S.H.; Balog, J.N.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Evaluation of some railway car and tracks characteristics by vibration measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper analyses a railway vehicle dynamics by considering the vertical accelerations of the axle, bogie and coach body or three orthogonal coach body accelerations measured simultaneously on the last carriage of a passenger train. The time histories ... Keywords: accelerations, comfort, contact forces, dynamic, power spectral density, railway

Daniel Catalin Baldovin; Dan Dumitriu; Ana-Maria Mitu

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University May 24, 2012 - 10:40am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 Los Angeles, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Mississippi State University its Year One winner at the EcoCAR 2012 Competition in Los Angeles. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered for six days of judged competition this week with $100,000 in prize money up for grabs. EcoCAR 2, a three-year competition sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), General Motors (GM) and 25 other government and industry leaders, gives students the opportunity to gain real-world, eco-friendly automotive engineering experience while striving to improve the energy efficiency of an already highly-efficient vehicle -

437

Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger-Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under contract to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology, Minicars conducted Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle (NTHV) Development Program. This program led to the preliminary design of a hybrid (electric and internal combustion engine powered) vehicle and fulfilled the objectives set by JPL. JPL requested that the report address certain specific topics. A brief summary of all Phase I activities is given initially; the hybrid vehicle preliminary design is described in Sections 4, 5, and 6. Table 2 of the Summary lists performance projections for the overall vehicle and some of its subsystems. Section 4.5 gives references to the more-detailed design information found in the Preliminary Design Data Package (Appendix C). Alternative hybrid-vehicle design options are discussed in Sections 3 through 6. A listing of the tradeoff study alternatives is included in Section 3. Computer simulations are discussed in Section 9. Section 8 describes the supporting economic analyses. Reliability and safety considerations are discussed specifically in Section 7 and are mentioned in Sections 4, 5, and 6. Section 10 lists conclusions and recommendations arrived at during the performance of Phase I. A complete bibliography follows the list of references.

Not Available

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

The Passenger Steamboat Phoenix: An Archaeological Study of Early Steam Propulsion in North America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The advent of steam contributed heavily to the economic transformation of early America, facilitating trade through the transportation of goods along the country’s lakes, rivers, and canals. Serious experimentation with steam navigation began in the last quarter of the 18th century. By the turn of the 19th century, fledgling US steamboat companies vied for control of navigation rights in the country’s northern waterways. The second steamboat to be launched on Lake Champlain, Phoenix, operated as a passenger steamer between 1815 and 1819, when she caught fire and sank in the lake. The intention of this study is to advance our knowledge of early steamboat design and use in the United States through the archaeological investigation of the country’s earliest-known steamboat wreck. As little is known about the development of these early steam vessels, the study of Phoenix offers a unique opportunity to gain new information related to steamboat design in the early 19th century as well as a glimpse into life on the lakes and rivers of North America during this era. The dissertation presents detailed information on Phoenix’s construction, operation, and sinking based on historical and archaeological analysis and interpretation. In combination with the available archival record and analytical comparisons with steamboats of similar size and age, a more comprehensive understanding of the developmental phases of steam travel and its impact on early America can be gained.

Schwarz, George 1977-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Evaluation of half wave induction motor drive for use in passenger vehicles. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes research performed to devise and design a lower cost inverter-induction motor drive for electrical propulsion of passenger vehicles. A two-phase inverter-motor system is recommended. It is predicted to provide comparable vehicle performance, improved reliability and nearly a 10% cost advantage for a high production vehicle because of the reduction in total parts count, decreased total rating of the power semiconductor switches and somewhat simpler control hardware compared to the conventional three-phase bridge inverter-motor drive system. The major disadvantages of the two-phase inverter-motor drive are that the tow-phase motor is larger and more expensive than a three-phase machine, the design of snubbers for the power switches is difficult because motor lead and bifilar winding leakage inductances produce higher transient voltages, and the torque pulsations are relatively large because of the necessity to limit the inverter switching frequency to achieve high efficiency. An actuall model of the two-phase system must be constructed and evaluated. The most challenging engineering design task will be to design the inverter, motor and snubber circuits to minimize transient voltages with high system efficiency.

Hoft, R.G.; Kawamura, A.; Goodarzi, A.; Yang, G.Q.; Erickson, C.L.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Lightweight materials in the light-duty passenger vehicle market: Their market penetration potential and impacts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the results of a lightweight materials study. Various lightweight materials are examined and the most cost effective are selected for further analysis. Aluminum and high-performance polymer matrix composites (PMCS) are found to have the highest potential for reducing the weight of automobiles and passenger-oriented light trucks. Weight reduction potential for aluminum and carbon fiber-based PMCs are computed based on a set of component-specific replacement criteria (such as stiffness and strength), and the consequent incremental cost scenarios are developed. The authors assume that a materials R and D program successfully reduces the cost of manufacturing aluminum and carbon fiber PMC-intensive vehicles. A vehicle choice model is used to project market shares for the lightweight vehicles. A vehicle survival and age-related usage model is employed to compute energy consumption over time for the vehicle stock. After a review of projected costs, the following two sets of vehicles are characterized to compete with the conventional materials vehicles: (1) aluminum vehicles with limited replacement providing 19% weight reduction (AIV-Mid), and (2) aluminum vehicles with the maximum replacement providing 31% weight reduction (AIV-Max). Assuming mass-market introduction in 2005, the authors project a national petroleum energy savings of 3% for AIV-Mid and 5% for AIV-Max in 2030.

Stodolsky, F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research]|[Argonne National Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Vyas, A.; Cuenca, R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

CAR Demo 3.0: Community Activity Room Visualization of Probabilistic Reliability Contours for Operator Guidance, Version 3.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Community Activity Room (CAR) Version 3.0 software visualizes the probabilistic reliability index by means of color bands in the two-dimensional operating space of a power system. EPRI developed the concept of the CAR software in the spring of 2002. It was implemented in the CAR Painter software. A demonstration software (version 1.0) was issued in September 2002. Version 2.0 was issued in March 2004. The CAR Painter includes a 2D and a 3D visualization mode. CAR 3.0 can visualize the probabilistic r...

2004-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

442

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: March 8, 2004 0: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310: March 8, 2004 Average Material Consumption for a Domestic Automobile on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #310:

443

Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data Average Interest Rate for Treasury Securities Dataset Summary Description This dataset shows the average interest rates for U.S Treasury securities for the most recent month compared with the same month of the previous year. The data is broken down by the various marketable and non-marketable securities. The summary page for the data provides links for monthly reports from 2001 through the current year. Average Interest Rates are calculated on the total unmatured interest-bearing debt. The average interest rates for total marketable, total non-marketable and total interest-bearing debt do not include the U.S. Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities.

444

Viscosity of alumina nanoparticles dispersed in car engine coolant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper, describes our experimental results on the viscosity of the nanofluid prepared by dispersing alumina nanoparticles (car coolant. The nanofluid prepared with calculated amount of oleic acid (surfactant) was tested to be stable for more than 80 days. The viscosity of the nanofluids is measured both as a function of alumina volume fraction and temperature between 10 and 50 C. While the pure base fluid display Newtonian behavior over the measured temperature, it transforms to a non-Newtonian fluid with addition of a small amount of alumina nanoparticles. Our results show that viscosity of the nanofluid increases with increasing nanoparticle concentration and decreases with increase in temperature. Most of the frequently used classical models severely under predict the measured viscosity. Volume fraction dependence of the nanofluid viscosity, however, is predicted fairly well on the basis of a recently reported theoretical model for nanofluids that takes into account the effect of Brownian motion of nanoparticles in the nanofluid. The temperature dependence of the viscosity of engine coolant based alumina nanofluids obeys the empirical correlation of the type: log ({mu}{sub nf}) = A exp(BT), proposed earlier by Namburu et al. (author)

Kole, Madhusree; Dey, T.K. [Thermophysical Measurements Laboratory, Cryogenic Engineering Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721 302 (India)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Orbit-averaged guiding-center Fokker-Planck operator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A general orbit-averaged guiding-center Fokker-Planck operator suitable for the numerical analysis of transport processes in axisymmetric magnetized plasmas is presented. The orbit-averaged guiding-center operator describes transport processes in a three-dimensional guiding-center invariant space: the orbit-averaged magnetic-flux invariant {psi}, the minimum-B pitch-angle coordinate {xi}{sub 0}, and the momentum magnitude p.

Brizard, A. J. [Department of Chemistry and Physics, Saint Michael's College, Colchester, Vermont 05439 (United States); Decker, J.; Peysson, Y.; Duthoit, F.-X. [CEA, IRFM, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance F-13108 (France)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

,"Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices" Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Average Natural Gas Prices",11,"Monthly","11/2013","1/15/1973" ,"Data 2","Annual Average Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1922" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm03vmall.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/oil_gas/natural_gas/data_publications/natural_gas_monthly/ngm.html"

447

Average Depth of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Average depth may ...

448

New York Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per ...

449

Ohio Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

450

Average prices for spot sulfur dioxide emissions allowances at ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The weighted average spot price for sulfur dioxide (SO 2) emissions allowances awarded to winning bidders at Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) annual auction on ...

451

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price 2011 - Energy Information...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

All Electricity Reports Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price With Data for 2011 | Release Date: September 27, 2012 | Next Release Date: September, 2013 Previous editions...

452

Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

106 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Electric Power Monthly June 2012 Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of Electricity

453

Table 14a. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Price in Constant Dollars" " (constant dollars, cents per kilowatt-hour in ""dollar year"" specific to each AEO)"...

454

Average wholesale electric power prices rose in 2010 - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average wholesale electric power prices rose in 2010, due to higher national natural gas prices and increased demand for electricity, particularly in the Eastern ...

455

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price 2011 - Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Class of Ownership, Number of Consumers, Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price for Power Marketers and Energy Service Providers by State: T12:

456

Today in Energy - Average wholesale natural gas prices mostly ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average spot natural gas prices, which reflect the wholesale price of natural gas at major trading points, generally declined in most U.S. regional markets about 7% ...

457

,"U.S. Natural Gas Average Annual Consumption per Commercial...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Average Annual Consumption per Commercial Consumer (Mcf)",1,"Annual",2011...

458

,"U.S. Natural Gas Average Annual Consumption per Industrial...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Average Annual Consumption per Industrial Consumer (Mcf)",1,"Annual",2011...

459

2012 Brief: Average wholesale electricity prices down compared ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

2012 Brief: Average wholesale electricity prices down compared to last year. ... wholesale electric power prices often trend together with natural gas prices.

460

Table AP7. Average Expenditures for Home Appliances and Lighting ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A household is assigned to a climate zone according to the 30-year average annual degree-days for an appropriate nearby weather station.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Figure 34. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Title: Figure 34. Ratio of average per megawatthour fuel costs for natural gas combined-cycle plants to coal-fired steam turbines in the RFC west ...

462

Average wholesale spot natural gas prices rose across the country ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wholesale spot natural gas prices rose across the country in 2010. Average spot natural gas prices at the Henry Hub—a key benchmark location for pricing throughout ...

463

EIA Renewable Energy- Average Energy Conversion Efficiency of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Renewables and Alternate Fuels > Solar Photovoltaic Cell/Module Annual Report > Annual Shipments of Photovoltaic Cells and Modules by Source: Average Energy ...

464

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and...

465

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and...

466

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and...

467

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE

(Abstract):  
Relative Humidity at 10 m...

468

Pennsylvania Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

469

District of Columbia Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

470

Michigan Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

471

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report Agency/Company /Organization: National Academies Press Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Best Practices Website: www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12939 This report reviews the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership, a public-private partnership focusing on the high-risk, pre-competitive research needed to develop clean, energy efficient vehicle and infrastructure technologies to transform the personal transportation system. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies Learn more about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air

472

THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's Finish Line THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's Finish Line June 15, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Thursday, June 16, 2011, Energy Secretary Steven Chu will welcome the sponsors and 16 student teams participating in EcoCAR: the NeXt Challenge, a three-year collegiate student engineering competition that focuses on advanced vehicle technologies that minimize fuel consumption and emissions, to the Finish Line at the U.S. Department of Energy in Washington, D.C. At the Finish Line, Secretary Chu will tour the vehicles on display and speak with the students who engineered and built them. The winner of the overall competition will be announced at the EcoCAR

473

CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool Focus Area: Geothermal Power Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/refshelf/PubDetails.aspx?Action=View& Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/carben-version-3-multisector-carbon-d Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance The CarBen model enables users to conduct wedge anlayses of scenarios for mitigating U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. The spreadsheet-based tool relies upon expert opinion for scenario formulation and is not intended to be used

474

Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.best-europe.org/upload/BEST_documents/info_documents/Best%20report The BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST) project converted vehicles from petrol to E85, exploring the possibilities, advantages, and any difficulties. Several suggestions are presented for how converted cars may be incorporated into Swedish government financial incentives. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Shift - Change to low-carbon modes

475

TransForum v8n1 - EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mike Wahlstrom and DOEs Steven Boyd perform a safety inspection on U. Tennessees vehicle at the Challenge X Winter Workshop in Los Angeles. EcoCAR logo Argonnes Mike...

476

Redesigning experimental equipment for determining peak pressure in a simulated tank car transfer line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When liquids are transported from storage tanks to tank cars, improper order of valve openings can cause pressure surges in the transfer line. To model this phenomenon and predict the peak pressures in such a transfer line, ...

Diaz, Richard A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

The structure of strongly additive states and Markov triplets on the CAR algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find a characterization of states satisfying equality in strong subadditivity of entropy and of Markov triplets on the CAR algebra. For even states, a more detailed structure of the density matrix is given.

Jencova, Anna

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Application of Freeman Chain Codes: An Alternative Recognition Technique for Malaysian Car Plates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Various applications of car plate recognition systems have been developed using various kinds of methods and techniques by researchers all over the world. The applications developed were only suitable for specific country due to its standard specification endorsed by the transport department of particular countries. The Road Transport Department of Malaysia also has endorsed a specification for car plates that includes the font and size of characters that must be followed by car owners. However, there are cases where this specification is not followed. Several applications have been developed in Malaysia to overcome this problem. However, there is still problem in achieving 100% recognition accuracy. This paper is mainly focused on conducting an experiment using chain codes technique to perform recognition for different types of fonts used in Malaysian car plates.

Jusoh, Nor Amizam

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

The structure of strongly additive states and Markov triplets on the CAR algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find a characterization of states satisfying equality in strong subadditivity of entropy and of Markov triplets on the CAR algebra. For even states, a more detailed structure of the density matrix is given.

Anna Jencova

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

480

Noise figure and photon probability distribution in Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The noise figure and photon probability distribution are calculated for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) where an anti-Stokes signal is converted to Stokes. We find that the minimum noise figure is ~ 3dB.

Dimitropoulos, D; Jalali, B; Solli, D R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Notes on the equality in SSA of entropy on CAR algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove a necessary an sufficient condition for the states which satisfy strong subadditivity of von Neumann entropy with equality on CAR algebra and we show an example when the equality holds but the state is not separable.

J. Pitrik; V. P. Belavkin

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

482

Car-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics With A Sinusoidal Time-Dependent Potential Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A sinusoidal external field is applied in Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations. We present an implementation and discuss first test applications to electron and ion transfers in complex molecular systems.

Alznauer, Tobias

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Using evolutionary design to interactively sketch car silhouettes and stimulate designer's creativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Interactive Genetic Algorithm is proposed to progressively sketch the desired side-view of a car profile. It adopts a Fourier decomposition of a 2D profile as the genotype, and proposes a cross-over mechanism. In addition, a formula function of two genes' discrepancies is fitted to the perceived dissimilarity between two car profiles. This similarity index is intensively used, throughout a series of user tests, to highlight the added value of the IGA compared to a systematic car shape exploration, to prove its ability to create superior satisfactory designs and to stimulate designer's creativity. These tests have involved six designers with a design goal defined by a semantic attribute. The results reveal that if "friendly" is diversely interpreted in terms of car shapes, "sportive" denotes a very conventional representation which may be a limitation for shape renewal.

Cluzel, François; Dihlmann, Markus; 10.1016/j.engappai.2012.02.011

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

How the green guys won : interest group strategies & the California Clean Cars Legislation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In July of 2002, the California State Legislature passed the "California Clean Cars Bill," the first law in the United States to regulate carbon dioxide as a vehicular pollutant. California's vehicular standards have ...

Paine, Carli

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay Small Cars Year Model Displ Cyl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Cars Small Cars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FC B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 DHNXV01.5WF2 small car 7 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FA B2 Federal Tier 2 Bin 2 DHNXV01.5YD2 small car 8 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline CA PZEV California PZEV DHNXV01.5YD2 small car 9 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 2 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV02.0CB2 small car 6 24 35 28 7 yes 2013 ACURA TSX 2.4 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV02.4DB3 small car 6 22 31 26 7 yes 2013 AUDI A4 2 4 Man-6 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB small car 6 22 32 26 7 yes 2013 AUDI A4 2 4 SCV-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB

486

Predictive models for emission of hydrogen powered car using various artificial intelligent tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the use of artificial intelligent models as virtual sensors to predict relevant emissions such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, unburnt hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen for a hydrogen powered car. The virtual sensors are ... Keywords: Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems, Artificial intelligent techniques, Back-propagation neural networks with Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm, Hydrogen emission prediction, Hydrogen powered car, UTAS artificial neural networks

Vishy Karri; Tien Nhut Ho

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

The winds of Luminous Blue Variables and the Mass of AG Car  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present radiation-driven wind models for Luminous Blue Variables (LBVs) and predict their mass-loss rates. A comparison between our predictions and the observations of AG Car shows that the variable mass loss behaviour of LBVs is due the recombination/ionisation of Fe IV/III and Fe III/II. We also derive a present-day mass of 35 Msun for AG Car.

Jorick S. Vink; Alex de Koter

2002-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

X-RAY EMISSION FROM THE DOUBLE-BINARY OB-STAR SYSTEM QZ CAR (HD 93206)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

X-ray observations of the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206) obtained with the Chandra X-ray Observatory over a period of roughly 2 years are presented. The respective orbits of systems A (O9.7 I+b2 v, P{sub A} = 21 days) and B (O8 III+o9 v, P{sub B} = 6 days) are reasonably well sampled by the observations, allowing the origin of the X-ray emission to be examined in detail. The X-ray spectra can be well fitted by an attenuated three-temperature thermal plasma model, characterized by cool, moderate, and hot plasma components at kT {approx_equal} 0.2, 0.7, and 2 keV, respectively, and a circumstellar absorption of {approx_equal}0.2 x 10{sup 22} cm{sup -2}. Although the hot plasma component could be indicating the presence of wind-wind collision shocks in the system, the model fluxes calculated from spectral fits, with an average value of {approx_equal}7 x 10{sup -13} erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -2}, do not show a clear correlation with the orbits of the two constituent binaries. A semi-analytical model of QZ Car reveals that a stable momentum balance may not be established in either system A or B. Yet, despite this, system B is expected to produce an observed X-ray flux well in excess of the observations. If one considers the wind of the O8 III star to be disrupted by mass transfer, the model and observations are in far better agreement, which lends support to the previous suggestion of mass transfer in the O8 III + o9 v binary. We conclude that the X-ray emission from QZ Car can be reasonably well accounted for by a combination of contributions mainly from the single stars and the mutual wind-wind collision between systems A and B.

Parkin, E. R.; Naze, Y.; Rauw, G. [Institut d'Astrophysique et de Geophysique, Universite de Liege, 17, Allee du 6 Aout, B5c, B-4000 Sart Tilman (Belgium); Broos, P. S.; Townsley, L. K. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Pittard, J. M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Moffat, A. F. J. [Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7 (Canada); Oskinova, L. M. [Institute for Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); Waldron, W. L., E-mail: parkin@mso.anu.edu.au [Eureka Scientific Inc., 2452 Delmer Street, Oakland, CA 94602 (United States)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Variation in Nimbus-7 Cloud Estimates. Part I: Zonal Averages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Zonal averages of low, middle and total cloud amount estimates derived from measurements from Nimbus-7 have been analyzed for the six-year period April 1979 through March 1985. The globally and zonally averaged values of six-year annual means and ...

Bryan C. Weare

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East Asia from NREL East Asia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

491

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa from NREL Africa from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

492

Study of Lignocellulosic Material Degradation with CARS Microscopy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The program of research undertaken by our Harvard group, in collaboration with Dr. Ding at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, CO, seeks to introduce, validate and apply a new analytical technique to study the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into ethanol. This conversion process has been the subject of intense interest over the past few years because of its potential to provide a clean, renewable source of energy to meet increasing global demand. During the funding period, we have clearly demonstrated visualization of lignin and cellulose using intrinsic vibrational contrast with simulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscopy, developed at Harvard. Our approach offers high spatial resolution and time resolution that is sufficient to capture the kinetics of a pre?treatment process. This is reflected by the publications listed below, as well as the use of SRS microscopy at NREL as a routine analysis tool for research on lignocellulosic biomass. In our original proposal, we envisioned moving to near?field CARS imaging in order to perform chemical mapping at the nanoscale. However, given the dramatic progress made by our group in SRS imaging, we concentrated our efforts on using multi?component SRS (lignin, cellulose, lipid, water, protein, deuterated metabolites, etc.) to quantitatively understand the spatially dispersed kinetics in a variety of plant samples under a variety of conditions. In addition, we built a next generation laser system based on fiber laser technology that allowed rugged and portable instrumentation for SRS microscopy. We also pursued new imaging approaches to improve the acquisition speed of SRS imaging of lignocellulose without sacrificing signal?to?noise ratio. This allowed us to image larger volumes of tissue with higher time resolution to get a more comprehensive picture of the heterogeneity of this chemical process from the submicron up to the centimeter scale.

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney; Ding, Shi-You

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

493

Long-run marginal costs lower than average costs  

SciTech Connect

The thesis of this article is that the long-run marginal costs of electricity are not always greater than the present average costs, as is often assumed. As long as short-run costs decrease with new plant additions, the long-run marginal cost is less than long-run average cost. When average costs increase with new additions, long-run marginal costs are greater than long-run average costs. The long-run marginal costs of a particular utility may be less than, equal to, or greater than its long-run average costs - even with inflation present. The way to determine which condition holds for a given utility is to estimate costs under various combinations of assumptions: probable load growth, zero load growth, and load growth greater than expected; and changes in load factor with attendant costs. Utilities that can demonstrate long-run marginal costs lower than long-run average costs should be encouraged to build plant and increase load, for the resulting productivity gains and slowing of inflation. Utilities that face long-run marginal costs greater than long-run average costs should discourage growth in sales through any available means.

Hunter, S.R.

1980-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

494

Mobility chains analysis of technologies for passenger cars and light duty vehicles fueled with biofuels : application of the Greet model to project the role of biomass in America's energy future (RBAEF) project.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future (RBAEF) is a multi-institution, multiple-sponsor research project. The primary focus of the project is to analyze and assess the potential of transportation fuels derived from cellulosic biomass in the years 2015 to 2030. For this project, researchers at Dartmouth College and Princeton University designed and simulated an advanced fermentation process to produce fuel ethanol/protein, a thermochemical process to produce Fischer-Tropsch diesel (FTD) and dimethyl ether (DME), and a combined heat and power plant to co-produce steam and electricity using the ASPEN Plus{trademark} model. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducted, for the RBAEF project, a mobility chains or well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis using the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed at ANL. The mobility chains analysis was intended to estimate the energy consumption and emissions associated with the use of different production biofuels in light-duty vehicle technologies.

Wu, M.; Wu, Y.; Wang, M; Energy Systems

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

495

Mobility chains analysis of technologies for passenger cars and light duty vehicles fueled with biofuels : application of the Greet model to project the role of biomass in America's energy future (RBAEF) project.  

SciTech Connect

The Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future (RBAEF) is a multi-institution, multiple-sponsor research project. The primary focus of the project is to analyze and assess the potential of transportation fuels derived from cellulosic biomass in the years 2015 to 2030. For this project, researchers at Dartmouth College and Princeton University designed and simulated an advanced fermentation process to produce fuel ethanol/protein, a thermochemical process to produce Fischer-Tropsch diesel (FTD) and dimethyl ether (DME), and a combined heat and power plant to co-produce steam and electricity using the ASPEN Plus{trademark} model. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducted, for the RBAEF project, a mobility chains or well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis using the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed at ANL. The mobility chains analysis was intended to estimate the energy consumption and emissions associated with the use of different production biofuels in light-duty vehicle technologies.

Wu, M.; Wu, Y.; Wang, M; Energy Systems

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

496

Full Useful Life (120,000 miles) Exhaust Emission Performance of a NOx Adsorber and Diesel Particle Filter Equipped Passenger Car and Medium-duty Engine in Conjunction with Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Discusses the full useful life exhaust emission performance of a NOx (nitrogen oxides) adsorber and diesel particle filter equipped light-duty and medium-duty engine using ultra low sulfur diesel fuel.

Thornton, M.; Tatur, M.; Tomazic, D.; Weber, P.; Webb, C.

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

497

TO: ALL PASSENGER CAR MANUFACTURERS ALL LIGHT-DUTY TRUCK MANUFACTURERS ALL MEDIUM-DUTY VEHICLE MANUFACTURERS ALL DIRECT IMPORTERS ALL OTHER INTERESTED PARTIES SUBJECT: Submission of Certification Data Demonstrating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This letter transmits the attached Manufacturers Advisory Correspondence (MAC) which informs vehicle manufacturers of the need to submit demonstrations of compliance with the Inspection and Maintenance (I/M) idle mode and Acceleration Simulation Mode (ASM) loaded mode emission standards, for all 2000 and subsequent model-year emission-data vehicles (EDVs) at the time of certification. If you have any questions or comments, please contact

John D. Dunlap; Pete Wilson; R. B. Summerfield

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

QU Car: a very high luminosity nova-like binary with a carbon-enriched companion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QU Car is listed in cataclysmic variable star catalogues as a nova-like variable. This little-studied, yet bright interacting binary is re-appraised here in the light of new high-quality ultraviolet (UV) interstellar line data obtained with STIS on board the Hubble Space Telescope. The detection of a component of interstellar absorption at a mean LSR velocity of $-$14 km s$^{-1}$ indicates that the distance to QU Car may be $\\sim$2 kpc or more -- a considerable increase on the previous lower-limiting distance of 500 pc. If so, the bolometric luminosity of QU Car could exceed $10^{37}$ ergs s$^{-1}$. This would place this binary in the luminosity domain occupied by known compact-binary supersoft X-ray sources. Even at a 500 pc, QU Car appears to be the most luminous nova-like variable known. New intermediate dispersion optical spectroscopy of QU Car spanning 3800--7000 \\AA is presented. These data yield the discovery that C{\\sc iv} $\\lambda\\lambda$5801,12 is present as an unusually prominent emission line in an otherwise low-contrast line spectrum. Using measurements of this and other lines in a recombination line analysis, it is shown that the C/He abundance as proxied by the n(C$^{4+}$)/n(He$^{2+}$) ratio may be as high as 0.06 (an order of magnitude higher than the solar ratio). Furthermore, the C/O abundance ratio is estimated to be greater than 1. These findings suggest that the companion in QU Car is a carbon star. If so, it would be the first example of a carbon star in such a binary. An early-type R star best matches the required abundance pattern and could escape detection at optical wavelengths provided the distance to QU Car is $\\sim$2 kpc or more.

J. E. Drew; L. E. Hartley; K. S. Long; J. van der Walt

2002-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

499

Ownership and usage of small passenger vehicles: findings from the 1977 National Personal Transportation Study  

SciTech Connect

This report examines current patterns in the ownership and usage of small vehicles by private households. The analysis was conducted to shed additional light on the market potential for smaller, energy efficient vehicles, in particular, electric cars. The 1977 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS) was used to obtain information on the socio-demographic characteristics and the travel and vehicle ownership behavior of US households based on a national probability sample. The issues posed to direct the investigation of small vehicle ownership and use behavior include: the ownership of small vehicles; the proportion of the private vehicle population accounted for by small vehicles; how small and large vehicles compare in terms of physical characteristics and performance and terms of usage; and how small/large vehicle ownership and usage differences are explained by household differences or physical differences in the vehicles themselves. The study's approach to these issues has focused on descriptive data analysis, employing such tools as cross-classification tables, distributions, and graphic displays. (MCW)

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

annual average heating degree days | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average heating degree days average heating degree days Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Heating Degree Days below 18° C (degree days)The monthly accumulation of degrees when the daily mean temperature is below 18° C.NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly Average & Annual Sum (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Heating Degree Days Below 18 degrees C (degree days)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords annual average heating degree days climate GIS NASA SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.7 MiB)