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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards

2

Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance Cost effective reduction of legislated emissions...

3

Potential for meeting the EU new passenger car CO? emissions targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2009, the European Parliament agreed to limit the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars sold in the European Union to an average of 130g/km by 2015. Further, a probable longer-term CO2 emissions target of 95g/km is ...

Bhatt, Kandarp

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

9: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014 Fact 849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better...

5

Development of turbocharger for improving passenger car acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, passenger cars require better acceleration from low engine speed including starting-up in order to decrease the amount of particulate matter (PM) of diesel engines or to improve the driver`s feeling. However, turbocharged cars generally have worse response than the non turbo cars because it takes a few seconds to get the turbocharger rotate up to high speed, usually called Turbo-lag. In order to solve this, various technologies have been developed for a turbocharger itself as well as for charging system such as the sequential system. Here in this paper, the authors focus on the development of the following turbocharger technology to reduce Turbo-lag and to achieve better transient response.

Watanabe, Tsuyoshi; Koike, Takaaki; Furukawa, Hiromu; Ikeya, Nobuyuki; Sakakida, Masaru

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Reduction of idle knock by EGR in a passenger car diesel engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to reduce the diesel idle knock, the effects of EGR on the idling characteristics were investigated on a passenger car equipped with an EGR Idle Knock Reduction System developed for practical use. It was found that EGR was effective not only for reducing idle knock but also for decreasing fuel consumption, smoke density, exhaust emissions and engine vibration. Moreover, the practical range and possibility of the EGR Idle Knock Reduction System were found by clarifying the relationship between EGR, injection timing, cooling water temperature, noise level and fuel consumption.

Fukutani, I.; Watanabe, E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

8

Fact #693: September 19, 2011 Average Vehicle Footprint for Cars...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

and the average track width of the vehicle. The upcoming Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards have fuel economy targets based on the vehicle footprint. The...

9

Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cars B.2. Cold Start Emissions of Properly-Functioning CarsDriving B.5. Malfunctioning Exhaust Emissions Controls C.and California Tailpipe Emission Standards References List o

Ross, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Testimony to the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources POLICIES TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL ECONOMY 2:30 pm, Tuesday, January 30, 2007 Dirksen Senate to formulate effective policies to significantly increase motor vehicle fuel economy. The views I express today to supply the world's growing demand for liquid fuels. Why do we need fuel economy policy? For too long we

11

E-Print Network 3.0 - average european passenger Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

heavily congested urban rail corridor. When peak-hour demand temporally... exceeds the maximum loading capacity of a train unit, passengers may not be able to board the next...

12

Driving and passengering: notes on the ordinary organisation of car travel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We spend ever increasing periods of our lives travelling in cars, yet quite what it is we do while travelling, aside from driving the vehicle itself, is largely overlooked. Drawing on analyses of video records of a series ...

Laurier, Eric; Lorimer, Hayden; Brown, Barry; Jones, Owain; Juhlin, Oskar; Noble, Allyson; Perry, Mark; Pica, Daniele; Sormani, Philippe; Strebel, Ignaz; Swan, Laurel; Taylor, Alex S; Watts, Laura; Weilenmann, Alexandra

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Cars on a diet : the material and energy impacts of passenger vehicle weight reduction in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle weight reduction is a known strategy to address growing concerns about greenhouse gas emissions and fuel use by passenger vehicles. We find that every 10% reduction in vehicle weight can cut fuel consumption by ...

Cheah, Lynette W. (Lynette Wan Ting)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preference survey with choice situation contexts involving gasoline cars (Renault and competitors

15

Frontal collision analysis of City Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This experiment tests the proposed crash system of the CityCar. The car is to fold during the crash to help decrease the impact force experienced by the passengers. The experiment was conducted by running a simulation of ...

Neal, Terance (Terance K.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Sustainable Passenger Transportation: Dynamic Ride-Sharing Niels Agatz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are associated with climate change and global warming. Effective usage of empty car seats by ride-sharing may, and pollution. Moreover, ride- sharing allows users to share car-related expenses, which can be substantialSustainable Passenger Transportation: Dynamic Ride-Sharing Niels Agatz Alan Erera

Erera, Alan

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - awakening response car Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or movie) As a passenger in a car for an hour without a break ... Source: Fuerschbach, Phillip - Joining and Coating Department, Materials and Process Sciences Center, Sandia...

18

CAR SHARING AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: FACING NEW CHALLENGES WITH TECHNOLOGY AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CAR SHARING AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: FACING NEW CHALLENGES WITH TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATIVE BUSINESS PLANNING Conrad Wagner, Consulting Manager Strategy & Development at Mobility Car passengers. This pa- per describes an important movement towards new "Mobility Management" in which competi

Kammen, Daniel M.

19

NETPLAN Passenger Network Modeling and Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.31 times existing fleet availability of passengers cars and trucks (in PCE) · Air - No investments ­ 1 per mile? 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 100 150 200 250 300 $/PCE Miles $ travel time cost per PCE (Highway) $ travel time cost per PCE (Air) $ travel time cost per PCE (HSR) 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0

Daniels, Thomas E.

20

Solar Car  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Des Moines Central Academy Middle School students compete in the Solar Car Challenge at the National Science Bowl, May 2 in Washington D.C.

None

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Exhaust emissions from two intercity passenger locomotives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To enhance the effectiveness of intercity passenger rail service in mitigating exhaust emissions in California, the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) included limits on exhaust emissions in its intercity locomotive procurement specifications. Because there were no available exhaust emission test data on which emission reduction goals could be based, Caltrans funded a test program to acquire gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions data, along with smoke opacity data, from two state-of-the-art intercity passenger locomotives. The two passenger locomotives (an EMD F59PH and a GE DASH8-32BWH) were tested at the Association of American Railroads Chicago Technical Center. The EMD locomotive was equipped with a separate Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) 8V-149 diesel engine used to provide 480 V AC power for the trailing passenger cars. This DDC engine was also emission tested. These data were used to quantify baseline exhaust emission levels as a challenge to locomotive manufacturers to offer new locomotives with reduced emissions. Data from the two locomotive engines were recorded at standard fuel injection timing and with the fuel injection timing retarded 4 deg in an effort to reduce NO[sub x] emissions. Results of this emissions testing were incorporated into the Caltrans locomotive procurement process by including emission performance requirements in the Caltrans intercity passenger locomotive specification, and therefore in the procurement decision. This paper contains steady-state exhaust emission test results for hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NO[sub x]), and particulate matter (PM) from the two locomotives. Computed sulfur dioxide (SO[sub 2]) emissions are also given, and are based on diesel fuel consumption and sulfur content. Exhaust smoke opacity is also reported.

Fritz, S.G. (Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Dept. of Emissions Research)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

by car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... Hotel while you check in. They will give you a parking voucher at the front desk and you can move your car across the street to the Grant Street parking garage...

23

Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

cargo space, fuel economy, maintenance and repair costs, overall value, and driving dynamics. Comparing plug-in and hybrid cars with conventional cars, hybrids averaged slightly...

24

Car Sharing Scheme Car Share Scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Car Sharing Scheme Car Share Scheme The cost is now reduced to £10 per member of staff per share but only own one vehicle between them do not qualify for the car share scheme. A commitment is required for all members of the scheme to car share at all times when they are in work each working day

Martin, Ralph R.

25

Modeling the interaction between passenger cars and trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an easier way to create calibrated traffic flows in driving simulations and to capture vehicle behavior within microscopic traffic simulations. The original design for the prototype was to establish a two-way, real time exchange of vehicle data, however...

Jenkins, Jacqueline Marie

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCof EnergyHouse EnvironmentalEstimatingin EGR Coolers

27

Shunting Minimal Rail Car Allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 19, 2003 ... empty cars are characterized by a track, a car type, and the desired quantity. ... type of material or a car type, the tonnage or the number of cars...

2003-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

28

Towards Ridesharing with Passenger Transfers (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through the use of smart phones. Drivers offer transport to passengers in exchange for sharing fuel costs. There are currently over 600 ridesharing services [2]. A ridesharing problem is defined by a set of vehicles, a set of passengers, and a map. Each vehicle and passenger has a starting and ending location. Vehicles have

Veloso, Manuela M.

29

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOW MANY HYBRID HOUSEHOLDS IN THE CALIFORNIA NEW CAR MARKET?average 2.43 cars per household, then the hybrid householdnumber of multi-car households that fit our hybrid household

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual average daily traffic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Systems 2000. Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic on the California State... Lockout and Non-Lockout Weekdays Average Daily Traffic Volume (vehday) All Cars Trucks ......

31

E-Print Network 3.0 - average daily traffic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Systems 2000. Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic on the California State... Lockout and Non-Lockout Weekdays Average Daily Traffic Volume (vehday) All Cars Trucks...

32

Advances in Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger Vehicles Advances in Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger Vehicles 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Volkswagen AG...

33

Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

34

Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

35

Handicapped car lifting seat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Currently there is a lack of assistance in automobile usage for the older people of our society. In an attempt to combat this problem, this thesis designs and builds a working conceptual model of a handicapped car lifting ...

Schoenmakers, Sean A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Towards CARS Endoscopy Franois Lgar*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards CARS Endoscopy François Légaré* Center for Nanoscale Systems and Department of Chemistry provide a proof-of-principle demonstration of CARS endoscopy. The design utilizes a single mode optical characteristics at intensities needed for endoscopy. CARS endoscopic images are recorded by collecting the epi-CARS

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

37

Fact #851 December 15, 2014 The Average Number of Gears used...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

trucks. Note: Based on production. 2014 production data are preliminary. Fact 851 Dataset Supporting Information Average Number of Gears in New Cars and Light Trucks Model...

38

Car Sharing for the Twin Cities ! HOURCAR helps make it possible to live car-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Car Sharing for the Twin Cities ! HOURCAR helps make it possible to live car- free or car-lite by filling in the "gaps" ! Car sharing reduces car ownership and saves its members thousands of dollars per year ! Car sharing "right-sizes" and makes transparent the costs of car usage #12;HOURCAR ! Transit

Minnesota, University of

39

CARS-CAT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed Route Segments (notCAMD CleanroomCARS-CAT, Consortium

40

Intercity Passenger Rail Federal Funding presented by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intercity Passenger Rail ­ Federal Funding Process presented by: Minnesota Department, equipment and connections ·! Long term: build efficient HSR network ­! Connecting major population centers ·! Lead state on Milwaukee to Twin Cities segment ·! 2008 state bonding to match federal funds

Minnesota, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005). High Interest in Hybrid Cars. SCS Fact Sheet, Vol.May 2005 High Interest in Hybrid Cars I NTRODUCTION PublicThe unique features of a hybrid car mean that it is more

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Transportation Network Modeling in Passenger Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Cars (hybrid and gasoline) ­ Trains (electric and diesel) ­ Barges ­ Planes · Decision Variables. Coal 2. Non-coal Truck/ diesel Train/ diesel Highway Railway Node/Arc based (k-ton/year) 1. Induced 2

Daniels, Thomas E.

43

Optimization Online - Shunting Minimal Rail Car Allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 30, 2003 ... Abstract: We consider the rail car management at industrial in-plant railroads. Demands for materials or empty cars are characterized by a track,...

Marco E. Luebbecke

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

44

Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

has been integrated into the engine design to target SULEV NMHC compliance Pre turbo catalysts for low NMOG Small LNT due to low absolute NOx mass reduction required...

45

Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent CompanyaUSAMPRelatedEnergyEnergyCarbon

46

Vehicle hydraulic system that provides heat for passenger compartment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A vehicle includes a vehicle housing which defines a passenger compartment. Attached to the vehicle housing is a hydraulic system, that includes a hydraulic fluid which flows through at least one passageway within the hydraulic system. Also attached to the vehicle housing is a passenger compartment heating system. The passenger compartment heating system includes a heat exchanger, wherein a portion of the heat exchanger is a segment of the at least one passageway of the hydraulic system.

Bartley, Bradley E. (Manito, IL); Blass, James R. (Bloomington, IL); Gibson, Dennis H. (Chillicothe, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Association of automobile passenger transportation and economic growth in Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) (Nember) January 1969 ABSTRACT Association cf Automobile Passenger Transportation and Economic Growth in Japan. (January 1969) Teruhiko Boric, B. A. , &faseda University Directed by: Dr. ~felvin L. Greenhut In order to evaluate the growth... of Japanese post-war passenger transportation, a comparative study of the U. S. passenger transporta- ti. on development between 1910 and 1940 has been made. The growth rate of automobile ownership prior to the Great Depression is larger than the rate...

Horie, Teruhiko

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The sharing of car parking spaces is encouraged. It should be noted that both (or all) members of staffCriteria for Car Parking Allocation System Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System 2014-15 Criteria for Car Parking All #12;The issue and control of car parking permits is vested in Estates Services

Mottram, Nigel

49

E-Print Network 3.0 - air passenger demand Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

passenger transport system. The reason often quoted... by the proponents is that trains are, 'environmentally friendly'. In addition passenger trains can be time Source:...

50

Cell Cycle . Author manuscript Aurora B kinase, an immobile passenger!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cell Cycle . Author manuscript Page /1 2 Aurora B kinase, an immobile passenger! Marl ne Delacour Keywords Chromosomal passenger complex ; Aurora kinase ; Survivin ; INCENP ; Borealin ; FRAP ; Microtubule composed of Aurora B kinase, Survivin, Borealin and INCENP. The centromeric complex is involved

Boyer, Edmond

51

Shunting passenger trains: getting ready for Marjan van den Akker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shunting passenger trains: getting ready for departure Marjan van den Akker Hilbrandt Baarsma Utrecht University P.O. Box 80.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;Shunting passenger trains: getting of shunting train units on a railway station. Train units arrive at and depart from the station according

Utrecht, Universiteit

52

acquisition regulation car: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore Zachmann, Gabriel 30 Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR Mathematics Websites...

53

androstane receptor car: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore Zachmann, Gabriel 31 Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR Mathematics Websites...

54

Hydrogen Cars and Water Vapor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

misidentified as "zero-emissions vehicles." Fuel cell vehicles emit water vapor. A global fleet could have, with discernible effects on people and ecosystems. The broad environmental effects of fuel cell vehicles. This cycle is currently under way with hydrogen fuel cells. As fuel cell cars are suggested as a solution

Colorado at Boulder, University of

55

Fact #589: September 21, 2009 Proposed Fuel Economy and Greenhouse...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

national standards for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE). The standards would apply to model year 2012 - 2016 passenger cars and light...

56

Passenger-to-train assignment model based on automated data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis aims at developing a methodology for assigning passengers to individual trains using: (i) fare transaction records from Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) system and (ii) the train tracking data from Automatic ...

Zhu, Yiwen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Performance Boundaries of Massive Floating Car Data Offloading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and passenger space and the external environment. The use of FCD generated by the ECUs to locally oversee in distant support to the driver and the passengers. Systems such as BMW Assist, Ford SYNC, General Motor On

Fiore, Marco

58

Faculty & Information Centres Building Car Park Key Facilities Building Car Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 ORANGE A PURPLE Navitas 2 ORANGE A ORANGE North Australian Centre for Oil and Gas 7 PINK B PURPLE7 WATER TANK 5 4 18 S Faculty & Information Centres Building Car Park Key Facilities Building Car

59

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Virginia Tech takes the checkered flag as the inaugural EcoCar competition comes to a close in Washington, D.C.

60

Multi-Materials Vehicle R&D Initiative Lightweight 7+ Passenger...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Materials Vehicle R&D Initiative Lightweight 7+ Passenger Vehicle Multi-Materials Vehicle R&D Initiative Lightweight 7+ Passenger Vehicle 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Area,Chicago,andNewYorkCity are evaluated capturing passenger transportation life?cycle energyArea, Chicago, and New York City are evaluated capturing passenger trans- portation life-cycle energy

Chester, Mikhail V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

RURAL PASSENGER SAFETY RESOURCES Exhibits (Insure for $500)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, A) Don't Let Up (Anti-lock Brake Safet (T, A) Sharing the Highways (with Big Trucks) (C) Street Bicycle Safety Car Pools and the Buckle Rule Child Safety Seat Fact Cards (Eng/Sp) Children and Air Bags Protection Laws in Texas(E/S) One Minute Car Seat Check Up Pedestrian Safety Safety First (Eng/Sp) Safety

63

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation ZEV #12;Advanced Clean Cars ZEV Program 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Current Regulation -ZEVs Current Regulation -PHEVs Projected: PHEVs 15Net ­ Blueprint Plan ­ Regional clusters, environmental and economic analysis · Clean Fuels Outlet

California at Davis, University of

64

Towards the fundamentals of car following theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of a car following a lead car driven with constant velocity is considered. To derive the governing equations for the following car dynamics a cost functional that ranks the outcomes of different driving strategies is constructed, which applies to fairly general properties of the driver behavior. Assuming the driver behavior to be rational, the existence of the Nash equilibrium is proved. Rational driving is defined by supposing that a driver corrects continuously the car motion to follow the optimal path minimizing the cost functional. The corresponding car-following dynamics is described quite generally by a boundary value problem based on the obtained extremal equations. Linearization of these equations around the stationary state results in a generalization of the widely used optimal velocity model. Moreover, it is shown that there are conditions (the ``dense traffic'' limit) under which the rational car dynamics comprises two stages, fast and slow. During the fast stage a driver eliminates the velocity difference between the cars, the subsequent slow stage optimizes the headway. In the ``dense traffic'' limit an effective Hamiltonian description is constructed. This allows a more detailed nonlinear analysis. Finally, the differences between rational and bounded rational driver behavior are discussed. The latter, in particular, justifies some basic assumptions used recently by the authors to construct a car-following model lying beyond the frameworks of rationality.

Ihor Lubashevsky; Peter Wagner; Reinhard Mahnke

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Strategies for Sharing Bottleneck Capacity among Buses and Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at first, since bus-car sharing strategies for facilities ofsharing the middle links median lane between cars andfor Sharing Bottleneck Capacity among Buses and Cars by

Guler, Sukran Ilgin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

National Junior Solar Sprint & Other Car Competition Regional...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Junior Solar Sprint & Other Car Competition Regional Host Sites Below is a list of current Junior Solar Sprint (Junior Solar Sprint) and Other Car Competition host sites for...

67

The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program - The Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts...

68

Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

69

Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer January 7, 2010 - 4:05pm Addthis...

70

Achieving and Demonstrating FreedomCAR Engine Fuel Efficiency...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Achieving and Demonstrating FreedomCAR Engine Fuel Efficiency Goals (Agreement 13704) Achieving and Demonstrating FreedomCAR Engine Fuel Efficiency Goals (Agreement 13704)...

71

U.S. Shared-Use Vehicle Survey Findings on Carsharing and Station Car Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

auto insurance for nonprofit car- sharing organizations. Theuse vehicle model. Car- sharing typically aims to assess

Shaheen, Susan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

13,386 29,744 45.0% 1989 14,371 32,448 44.3% 1991 15,475 34,775 44.5% 1993 16,871 36,764 45.9% 1995 17,959 40,572 44.3% 1997 19,236 45,326 42.4% 1999 20,710...

73

Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 20112: July 19, 2010 The Costs ofofRelation to

74

Fact #693: September 19, 2011 Average Vehicle Footprint for Cars and Light  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 20112: July| Department of EnergyTrucks |

75

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFYOxide EmissionEconomy than Midsize Non-Hybrid

76

Car buyers and fuel economy?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

corporate average fuel economy standards. Economic InquiryAll rights reserved. Keywords: Fuel economy; Fuel ef?ciency;improvement in the fuel economy of an SUV they have designed

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Simulation to assess the efficacy of US airport entry scrreening of passengers for pandemic influenza  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present our methodology and stochastic discrete-event simulation developed to model the screening of passengers for pandemic influenza at the US port-of-entry airports. Our model uniquely combines epidemiology modelling, evolving infected states and conditions of passengers over time, and operational considerations of screening in a single simulation. The simulation begins with international aircraft arrivals to the US. Passengers are then randomly assigned to one of three states -- not infected, infected with pandemic influenza and infected with other respiratory illness. Passengers then pass through various screening layers (i.e. pre-departure screening, en route screening, primary screening and secondary screening) and ultimately exit the system. We track the status of each passenger over time, with a special emphasis on false negatives (i.e. passengers infected with pandemic influenza, but are not identified as such) as these passengers pose a significant threat as they could unknowingly spread the pandemic influenza virus throughout our nation.

Mcmahon, Benjamin [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Investigation of Diesel combustion using multiple injection strategies for idling after cold start of passenger-car engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comprehensive investigation was carried out in order to better understand the combustion behaviour in a low compression ratio DI Diesel engine when multiple injection strategies are applied just after the engine cold starts in low temperature conditions (idling). More specifically, the aim of this study was twofold: on one hand, to understand the effect of the multiple injection strategies on the indicated mean effective pressure; on the other hand, to contribute to the understanding of combustion stability characterized by the coefficient of variation of indicated mean effective pressure. The first objective was fulfilled by analyzing the rate of heat release obtained by in-cylinder pressure diagnosis. The results showed that the timing of the pilot injection closest to the main injection was the most influential parameter based on the behaviour of the rate of heat release (regardless of the multiple injection strategy applied). For the second objective, the combustion stability was found to be correlated with the combustion centroid angle. The results showed a trend between them and the existence of a range of centroid angles where the combustion stability is strong enough. In addition, it was also evident that convenient split injection allows shifting the centroid to such a zone and improves combustion stability after start. (author)

Payri, F.; Broatch, A.; Salavert, J.M.; Martin, J. [CMT-Motores Termicos, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Aptdo. 22012, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle...

80

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Offloading Floating Car Data Razvan Stanica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as well as the external environment and transmitting such information towards the Internet. In order-vehicle operations, controlling almost all car functionalities. Systems such as BMW Assist, Ford SYNC, General Motor

Fiore, Marco

82

Download Going Places: A Car-free Guide to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

about TDM at the Sustainability Open House. FA L L 2 0 1 0 I S S U E CAR SHARING CARPOOLING VANPOOLING and incentives. With over 230 participants in the University Car Sharing Program, WeCars have been in high demand, Transportation & Parking Services TDM Manager PRINT Transportation & Parking Services #12;Car sharing

Bou-Zeid, Elie

83

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

Gantt, Lynn

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

84

IntelliCarTS: Intelligent Cars Transportation System Ashwin Gumaste, Rahul Singhai and Anirudh Sahoo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, cooperation and cost efficiency. These characteristics enable avoidance of collision between vehicles Sahoo Department of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, PowaiCarTS (Intelligent Car Transport System), a Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) anti-collision mechanism that determines

Sahoo, Anirudha

85

CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium WG Workshop 3 -Wireless Aspects for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium WG Workshop 3 - Wireless Aspects for deployment StationIdentities Management MAC, IP addresses, Station ID, Driver ID, ... Shared with Security Layer (protects the identities... Forum 2011 Operational components Cross-layer Management Managing and sharing common parameters

Gesbert, David

86

ChemMatCARS Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

87

Implementation of Endomorphisms of the CAR Algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The implementation of non-surjective Bogoliubov transformations in Fock states over CAR algebras is investigated. Such a transformation is implementable by a Hilbert space of isometries if and only if the well-known Shale-Stinespring condition is met. In this case, the dimension of the implementing Hilbert space equals the square root of the Watatani index of the associated inclusion of CAR algebras, and both are determined by the Fredholm index of the corresponding one-particle operator. Explicit expressions for the implementing operators are obtained, and the connected components of the semigroup of implementable transformations are described.

Carsten Binnenhei

1997-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

88

Averaging Hypotheses in Newtonian Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Average properties of general inhomogeneous cosmological models are discussed in the Newtonian framework. It is shown under which circumstances the average flow reduces to a member of the standard Friedmann--Lema\\^\\i tre cosmologies. Possible choices of global boundary conditions of inhomogeneous cosmologies as well as consequences for the interpretation of cosmological parameters are put into perspective.

T. Buchert

1995-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

89

Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Magna E-Car Systems of America, Inc. Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of America, Inc. ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

90

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

91

attenuating car translocation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore Zachmann, Gabriel 22 Chain deformation helps translocation Condensed Matter (arXiv) Summary:...

92

articulated cars: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore Zachmann, Gabriel 38 Recognition and Localization of Articulated Objects Yacov Hel-Or Computer...

93

The Sharing Economy: Moving People with Shared Cars and Bikes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sharing Economy: Moving People with Shared Cars and Bikes Susan Shaheen Fleets of cars and trucks in a network of locations · Allows households and businesses to access shared Fleet on an as- needed basis, at an hourly and

Kammen, Daniel M.

94

Are Consumers Myopic? Evidence from New and Used Car Purchases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate whether car buyers are myopic about future fuel costs. We estimate the effect of gasoline prices on short-run equilibrium prices of cars of different fuel economies. We then compare the implied changes in ...

Busse, Meghan R

95

New Mexico Electric Car Challenge: November 22 The New Mexico...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to view details. To close the opened accordion, click on the title(s) once again. New Mexico Electric Car Challenge: November 22 The New Mexico Electric Car Challenge (formerly...

96

Cars, Condoms, and Facebook Vaibhav Garg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cars, Condoms, and Facebook Vaibhav Garg Drexel University and L. Jean Camp Indiana University to conduct a survey based evaluation of perceptions of privacy risks on Facebook. We find sharing on Facebook. Our results indicate that more knowledge about privacy violations may lower risk

Camp, L. Jean

97

Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan Chinese Urban Motorization Pathways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their travel times. Car sharing is rising in importance inand DeLisi, 2000). Various car-sharing companies provideof car ownership. Car sharing is growing rapidly in Europe,

Ximing, Lu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Carsharing and Station Cars in Asia: An Overview of Japan and Singapore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L . Novick. CarLink: A Smart Car- sharing System. Field TestCarshare 24 (formerly Car- Sharing Network Nonprofitare approximately 300,000 car- sharing users w o r l d w i d

Barth, Mathew; Shaheen, Susan; Fukuda, Tuenjai; Fukuda, Atsushi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

CarSpeak: a content-centric network for autonomous driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper introduces CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from ...

Suresh Kumar, Swarun

100

CarSpeak : a content-centric network for autonomous driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from its local ...

Suresh Kumar, Swarun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

car ownership. Typically, car-sharing programs have membership requirements and hourly rates, unlike the rental-car business. Car-sharing programs may have a common vehicle fleet...

102

The Hybridization of a Formula Race Car K. W. Benson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hybridization of a Formula Race Car K. W. Benson D. A. Fraser S. L. Hatridge C. A. Monaco R. J works must be obtained from the IEEE. #12;The Hybridization of a Formula Race Car Keith W. Benson hybrid drive train was installed in a Formula SAE car, using off-the-shelf engine, generator

103

Chemically-selective imaging of brain structures with CARS microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemically-selective imaging of brain structures with CARS microscopy Conor L. Evans1§ , Xiaoyin Xu anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy to image brain structure and pathology ex vivo. Although. Definitive diagnosis still requires brain biopsy in a significant number of cases. CARS microscopy

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

104

Some aspects of quantum entanglement for CAR systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study quantum entanglement for CAR systems. Since the subsystems of disjoint regions are not independent for CAR systems, there are some distinct features of quantum entanglement which cannot be observed in tensor product systems. We show the failure of triangle inequality of von Neumann and the possible increase of entanglement degree under operations done in a local region for a bipartite CAR system.

Hajime Moriya

2002-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

105

Intermodal passenger flows on London's public transport network : automated inference of full passenger journeys using fare-transaction and vehicle-location data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Urban public transport providers have historically planned and managed their networks and services with limited knowledge of their customers' travel patterns. While ticket gates and bus fareboxes yield counts of passenger ...

Gordon, Jason B. (Jason Benjamin)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Aurora B kinase, an immobile passenger! Marlne Delacour-Larose, Hong-Lien Vu, Annie Molla*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aurora B kinase, an immobile passenger! Marlène Delacour-Larose, Hong-Lien Vu, Annie Molla* INSERM words: Chromosomal passenger complex, Aurora kinase, Survivin, INCENP, Borealin, FRAP, Microtubule, Centromere, Kinetochore, Tension. Running title: Aurora B kinase inserm-00438121,version1-2Dec2009 Author

Boyer, Edmond

107

Two algorithms for the sorting of unknown train vibration signals into freight and passenger train  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two algorithms for the sorting of unknown train vibration signals into freight and passenger train in particular. To facilitate this, two algorithms have been constructed with the aim of sorting unknown train vibration signals into freight and passenger train categories so that they can be further analysed. 307

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

108

Performance Boundaries of Massive Floating Car Data Offloading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

space and the external environment. The use of FCD generated by the ECUs to locally oversee in distant support to the driver and the passengers. Systems such as BMW Assist, Ford SYNC, General Motor On

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

109

Evaluations of average level spacings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The average level spacing for highly excited nuclei is a key parameter in cross section formulas based on statistical nuclear models, and also plays an important role in determining many physics quantities. Various methods to evaluate average level spacings are reviewed. Because of the finite experimental resolution, to detect a complete sequence of levels without mixing other parities is extremely difficult, if not totally impossible. Most methods derive the average level spacings by applying a fit, with different degrees of generality, to the truncated Porter-Thomas distribution for reduced neutron widths. A method that tests both distributions of level widths and positions is discussed extensivey with an example of /sup 168/Er data. 19 figures, 2 tables.

Liou, H.I.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The parallel hybrid passenger car (VW Golf) combined an EDLCpassenger cars using the ultracapacitors in micro-hybrid,passenger car using both carbon/carbon and hybrid carbon

Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Nonlinear Transformation Group of CAR Fermion Algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on our previous work on the recursive fermion system in the Cuntz algebra, it is shown that a nonlinear transformation group of the CAR fermion algebra is induced from a $U(2^p)$ action on the Cuntz algebra ${\\cal O}_{2^p}$ with an arbitrary positive integer $p$. In general, these nonlinear transformations are expressed in terms of finite polynomials in generators. Some Bogoliubov transformations are involved as special cases.

Mitsuo Abe; Katsunori Kawamura

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. In the final year, the vehicles ran through a series of safety and technical tests at GM's Proving Ground in Milford, Michigan very similar to those GM's own production vehicles undergo. As EcoCAR wraps up, it is only the beginning for the next chapter in the DOE's 23-year history of advanced vehicle technology competitions. In April, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David Sandalow announced the launch of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future http://www.ecocar2.org/index.html . We look forward to seeing the new and innovative designs that students bring to this challenge and know they will find a way to exceed even our highest expectations.

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

113

New NHTSA CAFE Standards (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

EISA2007 requires the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to raise the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for passenger cars and light trucks to ensure that the average tested fuel economy of the combined fleet of all new passenger cars and light trucks sold in the United States in model year (MY) 2020 equals or exceeds 35 mpg, 34% above the current fleet average of 26.4 mpg. Pursuant to this legislation, NHTSA recently proposed revised CAFE standards that substantially increase the minimum fuel economy requirements for passenger cars and light trucks for MY 2011 through MY 2015.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Cell division control by the Chromosomal Passenger Complex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Chromosomal Passenger Complex (CPC) consisting of Aurora B kinase, INCENP, Survivin and Borealin, is essential for genomic stability by controlling multiple processes during both nuclear and cytoplasmic division. In mitosis it ensures accurate segregation of the duplicated chromosomes by regulating the mitotic checkpoint, destabilizing incorrectly attached spindle microtubules and by promoting the axial shortening of chromosomal arms in anaphase. During cytokinesis the CPC most likely prevents chromosome damage by imposing an abscission delay when a chromosome bridge connects the two daughter cells. Moreover, by controlling proper cytoplasmic division, the CPC averts tetraploidization. This review describes recent insights on how the CPC is capable of conducting its various functions in the dividing cell to ensure chromosomal stability.

Waal, Maike S. van der; Hengeveld, Rutger C.C.; Horst, Armando van der; Lens, Susanne M.A., E-mail: s.m.a.lens@umcutrecht.nl

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

Multi-Anticipative Piecewise-Linear Car-Following Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose in this article an extension of the piecewise linear car-following model to multi-anticipative driving. As in the one-car-anticipative model, the stability and the stationary regimes are characterized thanks to a variational formulation of the car-dynamics. We study the homogeneous driving case. We show that in term of the stationary regime, the multi-anticipative model guarantees the same macroscopic behavior as for the one-car-anticipative one. Nevertheless, in the transient traffic, the variance in car-velocities and accelerations is mitigated by the multi-anticipative driving, and the car-trajectories are smoothed. A parameter identification of the model is made basing on NGSIM data and using a piecewise linear regression approach.

Nadir Farhi; Habib Haj-Salem; Jean-Patrick Lebacque

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Ortho-aminoazotoluene activates mouse constitutive androstane receptor (mCAR) and increases expression of mCAR target genes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

2'-3-dimethyl-4-aminoazobenzene (ortho-aminoazotoluene, OAT) is an azo dye and a rodent carcinogen that has been evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a possible (class 2B) human carcinogen. Its mechanism of action remains unclear. We examined the role of the xenobiotic receptor Constitutive Androstane Receptor (CAR, NR1I3) as a mediator of the effects of OAT. We found that OAT increases mouse CAR (mCAR) transactivation in a dose-dependent manner. This effect is specific because another closely related azo dye, 3'-methyl-4-dimethyl-aminoazobenzene (3'MeDAB), did not activate mCAR. Real-time Q-PCR analysis in wild-type C57BL/6 mice revealed that OAT induces the hepatic mRNA expression of the following CAR target genes: Cyp2b10, Cyp2c29, Cyp3a11, Ugt1a1, Mrp4, Mrp2 and c-Myc. CAR-null (Car{sup -/-}) mice showed no increased expression of these genes following OAT treatment, demonstrating that CAR is required for their OAT dependent induction. The OAT-induced CAR-dependent increase of Cyp2b10 and c-Myc expression was confirmed by Western blotting. Immunohistochemistry analysis of wild-type and Car{sup -/-} livers showed that OAT did not acutely induce hepatocyte proliferation, but at much later time points showed an unexpected CAR-dependent proliferative response. These studies demonstrate that mCAR is an OAT xenosensor, and indicate that at least some of the biological effects of this compound are mediated by this nuclear receptor. - Highlights: > The azo dye and mouse carcinogen OAT is a very effective mCAR activator. > OAT increases mCAR transactivation in a dose-dependent manner. > OAT CAR-dependently increases the expression of a specific subset of CAR target genes. > OAT induces an unexpectedly deferred, but CAR-dependent hepatocyte proliferation.

Smetanina, Mariya A., E-mail: maria.smetanina@gmail.com [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Laboratory of Gene Expression Control, Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 10, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Group of Pharmacogenomics, Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 8, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Pakharukova, Mariya Y. [Laboratory of Gene Expression Control, Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 10, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Kurinna, Svitlana M. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Unit 1000, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Dong, Bingning; Hernandez, Juan P.; Moore, David D. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Merkulova, Tatyana I. [Laboratory of Gene Expression Control, Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrentyeva 10, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

The evolution of passenger accessibility in the US airline industry, 1980-2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since deregulation, passenger air travel and the airline industry as a whole have changed dramatically. While most previous research has focused on the changes experienced by the airlines, this thesis seeks to understand ...

Jenkins, James Joseph, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Examining changes in transit passenger travel behavior through a Smart Card activity analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transit passenger behavior is an area of major interest for public transportation agencies. The relationship between ridership and maintenance projects, however, is unexplored but increasingly relevant in the era of aging ...

Mojica, Carlos H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

THE FUTURE DEMAND FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL PASSENGER VEHICLES: A DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE FUTURE DEMAND FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL PASSENGER VEHICLES: A DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION APPROACH UC ....................................................................23 3 MARKET DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES ............................ 26 3.1 SUPPLY OF ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES

Levinson, David M.

120

A unified framework for trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the design of an active safety framework that performs trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles in hazard avoidance scenarios. The vehicle navigation ...

Anderson, Sterling J., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A unified approach to semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles in hazard avoidance scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the design of unified active safety framework that combines trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles into a single constrained-optimal-control-based ...

Iagnemma, Karl

122

Estimating train passenger load from automated data systems : application to London Underground  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this thesis is to assess the feasibility of identifying which trains individual passengers take to get from their origin to destination while travelling in a high frequency urban rail transportation system. ...

Paul, Elizabeth Cheriyamadam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars Applied Engineering  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated ... June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

LBNL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Cars af Tomorrow and the American Community  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed RouteNanotubeBW:GS:14-0032:UFCCarmineFemtosecond Cars

125

DEP Car Competition | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganization FY Middle School Electric Car Competition High

126

Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBostonFacility | Open EnergySolar33.6850215°,HatterasCapitaline,000Car

127

European Green Cars Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It isInformationexplains a4 ClimateEtrionPower Pvt LtdA S Jump to:Cars

128

Hydrogen Car Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:PhotonHolyName HousingIII WindHybridsCar Co Place: Los Angeles,

129

Explanations of FreedomCAR/DOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Explanations of FreedomCARDOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets Explanations of FreedomCARDOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets Summary of FreedomCAR Targets and Basis for...

130

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of hydrogen storage materials. Upon thorough validation, this facility will allow rapid identification of the storage materials and systems most likely to meet FreedomCAR goals....

131

Federal Highway Administration - Pilot Car Escort - Best Practices...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Federal Highway Administration - Pilot Car Escort - Best Practices Guidelines Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance -...

132

Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Peer Evaluation arravt027apethomas2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of America, Inc. Electric Drive...

133

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

8 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

134

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

7 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

135

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

9 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved...

136

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

10 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments This report summarizes key technical accomplishments...

137

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

6 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

138

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

4 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key accomplishments of...

139

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

5 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

140

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation (Text Version) |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

video Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation highlighting the demonstration of 3D printing to create a working electric vehicle, live during the International Manufacturing...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Bussysteme IIII CarRing II ereits heute sind 90 Prozent al-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Entwicklungen haben heutzutage viele namhafte Automobil- hersteller massive Qualitäts- und Leis- tungs Rahmen dieses Projekts mit der Entwicklung eines neuen Netzwerks für das Automobil beauftragt: ,,Car für Automobile, das eine sichere Verbindung zwischen allen Komponenten von ,,Steer by Wire" be

Zachmann, Gabriel

142

Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent Tao Zhang, 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the UK government's 2020 target of cutting emission. Figure 1. city energy consumption in UK, 2009 government announced a project that anyone who buys an electric plug-in car from 2011 will get a 25% discountModelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent 1 Lei Yu, ,2 Tao Zhang, 3 Siebers Peer-Ola, 4

Aickelin, Uwe

143

car_app1.doc STAFF PARKING PERMIT APPLICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and drop off points Frequency of lifts (days per week) 6. Car Sharing You can share a group permit with upcar_app1.doc STAFF PARKING PERMIT APPLICATION The information supplied on this form will allow (whichever is quicker) from campus to home? (Departing campus at 1700 hours) #12;car_app1.doc 4. Staff

Haase, Markus

144

Geometric Model of a Narrow Tilting CAR using Robotics formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- structured multibody system composed of n bodies (links) where the chassis is the mobile base and the wheels tilting car "Lumeneo Smera" [4] through the analysis of its tilting mechanism. To model a complex system. Robotic representation of a multibody system The car can be seen as a mobile robot which is a tree

Boyer, Edmond

145

Chandra Observations of Associates of $?$ Car: I. Luminosities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The region around the $\\eta$ Car nebula has three OB associations, which contain a Wolf-Rayet star and several massive O3 stars. An early Chandra ACIS-I image was centered on $\\eta$ Car and includes Trumpler 16 and part of Trumpler 14. The Chandra image confirms the well-known result that O and very early B stars are X-ray sources with L$_X$ $\\simeq$ 10$^{-7} \\times$ L$_{bol}$ over an X-ray luminosity range of about 100. Two new anomalously strong X-ray sources have been found among the hot star population, Tr 16-244, a heavily-reddened O3 I star, and Tr 16-22, a heavily-reddened O8.5 V star. Two stars have an unusually large L$_X$/L$_{bol}$: HD 93162, a Wolf-Rayet star (and possible binary), and Tr 16-22, a possible colliding wind binary In addition, a population of sources associated with cool stars is detected. In the color-magnitude diagram, these X-ray sources sit above the sequence of field stars in the Carina arm. The OB stars are on average more X-ray luminous than the cool star X-ray sources. X-ray sources among A stars have similar X-ray luminosities to cooler stars, and may be due to cooler companions. Upper limits are presented for B stars which are not detected in X-rays. These upper limits are also the upper limits for any cool companions which the hot stars may have. Hardness ratios are presented for the most luminous sources in bands 0.5 to 0.9 keV, 0.9 to 1.5 keV, and 1.5 to 2.04 kev. The available information on the binary nature of the hot stars is discussed, but binarity does not correlate with X-ray strength in a simple way.

Nancy Remage Evans; Frederick D. Seward; Miriam I. Krauss; Takashi Isobe; Joy Nichols; Eric M. Schlegel; Scott J. Wolk

2003-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

146

Twisted duality of the CAR-Algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a complete proof of the twisted duality property M(q)'= Z M(q^\\perp) Z* of the (self-dual) CAR-Algebra in any Fock representation. The proof is based on the natural Halmos decomposition of the (reference) Hilbert space when two suitable closed subspaces have been distinguished. We use modular theory and techniques developed by Kato concerning pairs of projections in some essential steps of the proof. As a byproduct of the proof we obtain an explicit and simple formula for the graph of the modular operator. This formula can be also applied to fermionic free nets, hence giving a formula of the modular operator for any double cone.

Hellmut Baumgrtel; Matthias Jurke; Fernando Lled

2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze) 237-0121 Yes No No #12;Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries Valvoline Instant Oil Change-9929 Yes Yes Yes * See the DEP website, www.dep.state.pa.us/cgi_apps/oil, for used oil recycling locations

Maroncelli, Mark

148

Trajectory generation for car-like robots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Autonomous robots or remotely operated vehicles have raised high hopes in the military and industrial communities because of the potential safety improvement and gain of productivity they may provide. Waste management on nuclear sites, pallet manipulation in factories, interventions on battle-fields, etc., are actively studied. A lot of these applications require powerful four-wheel vehicles, the kinematics of which is similar to that of a car. Such vehicles have three degrees of freedom: the (x,y) positions in a plane and the orientation of the vehicle. Path planning is often understood as only changing the position of the vehicle, whereas the tasks performed by this kind of robot requires a perfect orientation of the vehicle: forklifting a pallet or docking at a loading or unloading station requires accuracy in the orientation of the vehicle. It is this requirement and the kinematic constraints of the motion mode which have led to the path-planning algorithm presented in this paper. The velocity of the robot belongs to a two-dimensional vectorial space. However, we assume that there is no slipping of the wheels. Therefore, at a given position, the direction of the velocity of the rear axle, is colinear with that of the vehicle. The equation conveying this constraint is not integrable and affects the velocity but not the space of the configurations of the robot: it is a non-holonomic constraint. If the steering angle of the front wheels is constant, the vehicle moves along a circle. Since the steering angle of the car-like robots is limited, the radius of the circle is always greater than a certain value which is the minimum radius of curvature of any achievable trajectory. 3 refs., 8 figs.

Vasseur, H.A.; Pin, F.G.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECOInformation Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good

150

Solar Powered Commuter Vehicle Sponsored by: Andy Schoenberg, Ph.D. of SunzeeCar LLC. ; Advisor: Kent Udell, Ph. D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an optimal speed of 40 mph. Thep p p graph below depicts the power usage over timeg p p p g for a single stop the system without Regenerative Braking · Convert an Average of 50% of Kineticg Energy Back into Electrical Energy · Increase the Range from 30 miles to 40g miles. (10 mile increase) Testing:g The car was driven

Provancher, William

151

History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts Activity History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts Activity 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions...

152

Student engineers design and race battery-powered cars in this...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

competition with their entry, which they built to run on batteries. Click to enlarge. Student engineers design and race battery-powered cars in this year's Electric Car...

153

Fact #719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuousl...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

9: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable Transmissions Fact 719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable...

154

A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control Technologies A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control...

155

Project Information Form Project Title White Paper on the Future of Passenger Travel Demand in the United  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

each agency or organization) DOT $26,383.66 Total Project Cost $26,383.66 Agency ID or Contract NumberProject Information Form Project Title White Paper on the Future of Passenger Travel Demand Project This white paper will summarize recent research findings pertaining to future passenger travel

California at Davis, University of

156

Personal revised version of: Howitt, O. J. A., et al., Carbon emissions from international cruise ship passengers travel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personal revised version of: Howitt, O. J. A., et al., Carbon emissions from international cruise.enpol.2009.12.050 1 CARBON EMISSIONS FROM INTERNATIONAL CRUISE SHIP PASSENGERS' TRAVEL TO AND FROM NEW-km. The weighted mean energy use per passenger night for the "hotel" function of these cruise vessels was estimated

Otago, University of

157

Use of a new microporous insulation in a sub car at Acme Steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acme Steel Co. is a small integrated steel company headquartered in Riverdale IL., with its blast furnace and coke plant operations located in the city of Chicago. Rail transportation between the two plants is by Conrail with two crews assigned exclusively to Acme. The torpedo cars used for this service are specially reinforced, with 36 in. wheels and additional braking capability for safety on public rail tracks. Over a seven month period, microporous insulating panels 0.28 in. thick in No. 49 sub ladle saved an average 24 degrees in the iron on arrival at the BOF compared to the average for the rest of the fleet. The microporous insulation replaced 0.25 in. of compressed fiber panel.

Harvey, H.; Gamble, F.C.; MacKenzie, I.B.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

158

Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

passenger cars using the ultracapacitors in micro-hybrid,passenger car using both carbon/carbon and hybrid carbonhybrid vehicle designs and operating strategies are shown in Table 1 for a mid-size passenger car.

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

De Finetti theorem on the CAR algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The symmetric states on a quasi local C*-algebra on the infinite set of indices J are those invariant under the action of the group of the permutations moving only a finite, but arbitrary, number of elements of J. The celebrated De Finetti Theorem describes the structure of the symmetric states (i.e. exchangeable probability measures) in classical probability. In the present paper we extend De Finetti Theorem to the case of the CAR algebra, that is for physical systems describing Fermions. Namely, after showing that a symmetric state is automatically even under the natural action of the parity automorphism, we prove that the compact convex set of such states is a Choquet simplex, whose extremal (i.e. ergodic w.r.t. the action of the group of permutations previously described) are precisely the product states in the sense of Araki-Moriya. In order to do that, we also prove some ergodic properties naturally enjoyed by the symmetric states which have a self--containing interest.

Vito Crismale; Francesco Fidaleo

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

160

University competition cars visit Argonne for testing | Argonne...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

back to drive the rear wheels, and in the vehicle's front, the team placed a biodiesel diesel engine to power the car when the battery is fully drained. CSU is the only team in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Forty-four teams entered the middle school Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car Competition, and two teams distinguished themselves, one for speed and the other for design.

162

Addiction to car use and dynamic elasticity measures in France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mileage travelled by French households with their personal cars, defining their automobility. To feature-price and income elasticities of household automobility, for both the short and the long runs. Keywords

Boyer, Edmond

163

Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at Kentucky Speedway (NASA)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

164

3D-Printed Car by Local Motors- The Strati  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A timelapse video of the production process behind The Strati - the 3D-printed car by Local Motors, which manufactured with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and delivered at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September of 2014.

165

EcoCAR Challenge Georgia Institute of Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EcoCAR Challenge Georgia Institute of Technology Outreach Report Date: 11/09/2010 #12;11/9/2010 2 plan on leveraging our media contacts, GM sponsors, and Atlanta Clean Cities sponsors to potentially

Houston, Paul L.

166

Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes in the LSAL Data Field Area...................................................................................................10 5. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS of 1996, or "welfare reform," attention turned to the role of transportation in job search and employment

Bertini, Robert L.

167

CarPal: interconnecting overlay networks for a community-driven shared mobility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CarPal: interconnecting overlay networks for a community-driven shared mobility VincenzoName.lastName@sophia.inria.fr Abstract. Car sharing and car pooling have proven to be an effective solution to reduce the amount of such effectiveness. Keywords. Peer to peer, overlay networks, case study, information retrieval, car sharing 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Mechanics Modelling of Transition Metal Complexes: Structure, Dynamics and Reactivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Mechanics Modelling of Transition Metal Complexes: Structure). We have recently developed a QM/MM extension of a Car-Parrinello scheme [5]. These hybrid Car functional theory embedded in a classical force field description. The power of such a combined Car

Guidoni, Leonardo

169

Optimizing Tank Car Safety Design to Reduce Hazardous Materials Transportation Risk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimizing Tank Car Safety Design to Reduce Hazardous Materials Transportation Risk M. Rapik Saat hazardous materials transport risk by rail · Tank Car Design Optimization Model Tank car weight and capacity model Metrics to assess tank car performance Illustration of the optimization model

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

170

A brief study into the impact University of Bath has had on CO2 emissions and the cost of ownership of passenger cars.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to demonstrate fuel economy improvements totalling 4% including: · 3% improvement due to the optimised use of oil needed to protect the engine at any particular time thereby saving energy, fuel and reducing CO2 in fuel economy.[4]. These improvements are now in production in very large volumes. The 2.2L Duratorq

Burton, Geoffrey R.

171

Supplement for "Secondary organic aerosol1 formation from idling gasoline passenger vehicle2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supplement for "Secondary organic aerosol1 formation from idling gasoline passenger vehicle2.O. Box 503, FIN-00101 Helsinki, Finland}14 [5]{Department of Chemistry, Atmospheric Science, University experiment show a total concentration of light aromatics of less than 1 ppb.6 Vehicles7 In total six gasoline

Meskhidze, Nicholas

172

Development of Improved Traveler Survey Methods for High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-speed passenger rail is seen by many in the U.S. transportation policy and planning communities as an ideal solution for fast, safe, and resource-efficient mobility in high-demand intercity corridors. To expand the body of knowledge for high...

Sperry, Benjamin

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

173

Mobile Journey Planning for Bus Passengers Desmond Rainsford and William A Mackaness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Mobile Journey Planning for Bus Passengers Desmond Rainsford and William A Mackaness Geography. Developments in mobile technology offer new ways of supporting mobile decision making. One application domain in the area of Location Based Services (LBS) is the delivery of journey plans to a mobile device. Few journey

174

Tri-Met's Experience With Automatic Passenger Counter and Automatic Vehicle Location Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on an earlier draft. #12;Introduction The Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon (TriTri-Met's Experience With Automatic Passenger Counter and Automatic Vehicle Location Systems James State University Portland, OR 97207 This report is benefited from interviews of Tri-Met staff involved

Bertini, Robert L.

175

Optimization and Control of a Hydro-Mechanical Transmission based Hybrid Hydraulic Passenger Vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization and Control of a Hydro-Mechanical Transmission based Hybrid Hydraulic Passenger Vehicle Perry Y. Li Felicitas Mensing Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA ABSTRACT Hydro-mechanical transmission (HMT) based hybrid hydraulic vehicle

Li, Perry Y.

176

ANALYSIS AND CONTROL DESIGN OF A HYDRO-MECHANICAL HYDRAULIC HYBRID PASSENGER VEHICLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for optimal engine management. The hydro-mechanical drive train splits the engine power through two pathsANALYSIS AND CONTROL DESIGN OF A HYDRO-MECHANICAL HYDRAULIC HYBRID PASSENGER VEHICLE Teck Ping, Sim Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 Email: tpsim@me.umn.edu Perry Y. Li Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power

Li, Perry Y.

177

An investigation of the information needs of air passengers traveling to the airport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1998). As the popularity of air travel continues to increase, the number of trips to and from the airport will inevitably rise also. Passengers will need accurate information about all modes on a total trip basis. This includes the modes of access...

Burdette, Debra Arlene

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Optimal Design of Power-Split Transmissions for Hydraulic Hybrid Passenger Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Design of Power-Split Transmissions for Hydraulic Hybrid Passenger Vehicles Kai Loon Cheong, Perry Y. Li and Thomas R. Chase Abstract-- Hydraulic hybrid vehicles are inherently power dense. Power and input coupled power-split configurations. Keywords: Hybrid vehicles, hydraulics, power-split, engine

Li, Perry Y.

179

Fact #624: May 24, 2010 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2012-1016 Model Year Cars Light Trucks Combined Cars and Light Trucks 2012 33.3 25.4 29.7 2013 34.2 26.0 30.5 2014 34.9 26.6 31.3 2015 36.2 27.5 32.6 2016 37.8 28.8 34.1 Source:...

180

Computers on wheels, the modern car I wonder how many of you know how much software there is in the humble car these  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

working with the car industry in about 1996 when there were something like 50,000 lines of assembler in the electronic control systems of cars. In those days, systems in the range of 2-3 million lines of code of that time. Yes, indeed, modern cars have reached 7 figures when measured in lines of code, distributed

Hatton, Les

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Validity and failure of some entropy inequalities for CAR systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basic properties of von Neumann entropy such as the triangle inequality and what we call MONO-SSA are studied for CAR systems. We show that both inequalities hold for any even state. We construct a certain class of noneven states giving counter examples of those inequalities. It is not always possible to extend a set of prepared states on disjoint regions to some joint state on the whole region for CAR systems. However, for every even state, we have its `symmetric purification' by which the validity of those inequalities is shown. Some (realized) noneven states have peculiar state correlations among subsystems and induce the failure of those inequalities.

Hajime Moriya

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

182

Structure of adenovirus bound to cellular receptor car  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a mutant CAR-DI-binding adenovirus which has a genome comprising one or more mutations in sequences which encode the fiber protein knob domain wherein the mutation causes the encoded viral particle to have a significantly weakened binding affinity for CAR-DI relative to wild-type adenovirus. Such mutations may be in sequences which encode either the AB loop, or the HI loop of the fiber protein knob domain. Specific residues and mutations are described. Also disclosed is a method for generating a mutant adenovirus which is characterized by a receptor binding affinity or specificity which differs substantially from wild type.

Freimuth, Paul I.

2007-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

183

Magna E-Car Opening | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5 OPAM SEMIANNUAL REPORTMA EnergyMagna E-Car Opening Magna E-Car Opening

184

here are no passengers on planet purple We are all crew. Don't Make Crime Prevention an Alien Concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

here are no passengers on planet purple We are all crew. Don't Make Crime Prevention an Alien " " A message from an alien craft was deciphered indicating that Aliens expressed an extra-terrestrial interest

Shahriar, Selim

185

Using Vehicle Taxes to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rates of New Passenger Vehicles: Evidence from France, Germany, and Sweden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

France, Germany, and Sweden link vehicle taxes to the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rates of passenger vehicles. Based on new vehicle registration data from 20052010, a vehicles tax is negatively correlated with its ...

Klier, Thomas

186

Assessment of the potential diversion of air passengers to high-speed rail in the northeast corridor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high level of intercity passenger travel in the Northeast Corridor is supported by densely populated metropolitan city-centers, the suitable distance between the urban areas, and the extent to which economic and social ...

Clarke, Michael D. D.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

my money in my beliefsand buy a hybrid car to help promotethe production of further hybrid carsthat year they wereCar Buyers Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid

Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car Platoon During Passing Maneuvers: Data Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B. Marcu, F. Browand, The Aerodynamic Forces on Misalignedof the Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car PlatoonBERKELEY Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car Platoon

Tsuei, L.; Hedrick, J. K.; Savas, O.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground June 13, 2011 - 5:57pm Addthis Virginia...

190

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR...

191

Gauge-potential approach to the kinematics of a moving car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A kinematics of the motion of a car is reformulated in terms of the theory of gauge potentials (connection on principal bundle). E(2)-connection originates in the no-slipping contact of the car with a road.

Marian Fecko

1997-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

192

Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

4: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars with Low Fuel Economy Fact 724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars with Low Fuel Economy The "Gas Guzzler Tax"...

193

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

8: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy...

194

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic car identification Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quest Car89, and Mozzie HRH97. One of the main attributes... the metaphor of trains made up of cars. The address space of the store is divided into a number of disjoint...

195

Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Students build hydrogen fuel-cell cars Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition Middle and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in...

196

STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 Mignon Marks Principal Author Mignon Marks Project Manager David Ashuckian Manager ELECTRICITY ANALYSIS OFFICE Sylvia Bender Acting Deputy Director ELECTRICITY SUPPLY DIVISION B.B. Blevins Executive Director

197

Selling Geothermal Systems The "Average" Contractor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selling Geothermal Systems #12;The "Average" Contractor · History of sales procedures · Manufacturer Driven Procedures · What makes geothermal technology any harder to sell? #12;"It's difficult to sell a geothermal system." · It should

198

Efficiency assessment of an evolutive design system of car contours  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference on Engineering Design - ICED 09, Palo Alto, CA : United States (2009)" #12 the designer to browse through generations of car profiles from an initial population of existing silhouettes, called phenotype, are encoded in a genome. From an initial population of such individuals, a GA permits

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

199

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Hydrogen is a versatile energy car-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to power nearly every end-use energy need. The fuel cell -- an energy conversion device that can a particularly important role in the future by re- placing the imported petroleum we currently use in our cars) fuel cell, which is widely regarded as the most promising for light-duty transporta- tion, hydrogen gas

200

Why do we power our cars with gas? NBC Chicago  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Why can we only power our cars with gas? NBC-Chicago tackles this question with a trip to Argonne National Lab, where work on the Omnivorous Engine (runs on any blend of ethanol, butanol, and gasoline) and electric vehicles continues. A segment from NBC-Chicago's "Good Question" series.

None

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars Vicente Milanés, Joshué-- Autonomous vehicles, Power control, System analysis and design, Intelligent transportation systems. I they are named hydraulic power steering (HPS) systems. If an electric motor is used then they are named electric

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

202

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig;

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

203

The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines Sarennah J.P. Longworth Newnham College vehicles. At present this is achieved through the use of ultralight steels, aluminium alloys and magnesium alloys for some body parts. Magnesium has the highest strength-to-weight ratio of any structural metal

Cambridge, University of

204

CAR-TR-1011 UMIACS-TR-2005-39  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . ). The comparison is an optimization over all possible lighting conditions and produces an image from the modelCAR-TR-1011 CS-TR-4732 UMIACS-TR-2005-39 July 13, 2005 Non-negative Lighting and Specular Object is particularly difficult because their appearance is much more sensitive to lighting changes than

Jacobs, David

205

Decomposition of Representations of CAR Induced by Bogoliubov Endomorphisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a Fock representation, a non-surjective Bogoliubov transformation of CAR leads to a reducible representation. For the case that the corresponding Bogoliubov operator has finite corank, the decomposition into irreducible subrepresentations is clarified. In particular, it turns out that the number of appearing subrepresentations is completely determined by the corank.

Jens B{}ckenhauer

1994-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

206

cars: A New Code Generation Framework for Clustered ILP Processors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??glu z Ashok Agrawala \\Lambda y Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering z T. J. Watson Research are characterized by a large number of non­centralized on­chip re­ sources grouped into clusters. Traditional code we present cars, a code generation framework for Clustered ILP processors, which combines the cluster

Kailas, Krishnan

207

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig; ,

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

208

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

How Lynn Gantts EcoCAR experience took him from studying general mechanics to working at General Motors.

209

MR2 Imagerie Vision Robotique 2003 / 2004 Car Park Mapping with Simultaneous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the challenges in the automation of vehicles takes place in the car park. Automatic vehicles must be able an automatic vehicle and building a map of the car park in real time. This project takes place within the car park of INRIA Rhone-Alpes on the CyCab vehicle with a Sick laser range scanner. A key feature

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

210

Developing a Model for Car Sharing Potential in Twin Cities Neighborhoods James Andrew  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing a Model for Car Sharing Potential in Twin Cities Neighborhoods James Andrew Masters neighborhoods in the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota for their amenability to car sharing, a study of the market and use of car sharing programs in the United States was conducted through

Levinson, David M.

211

FLEXCAR -Car-sharing: it's transportation, simplified. And it has come to the University of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FLEXCAR - Car-sharing: it's transportation, simplified. And it has come to the University of Southern California! Flexcar has partnered with USC to bring environmentally-friendly car-sharing to your campus. What is Flexcar? Flexcar is a car-sharing company that offers members convenient access to our

Southern California, University of

212

APPLICATION FOR CAR SHARING PARKING PERMIT 2014/15 (EXETER CAMPUSES)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATION FOR CAR SHARING PARKING PERMIT 2014/15 (EXETER CAMPUSES) Please complete this form · To display the permit on the vehicle at all times when it is being used for car sharing purposes whilst and take it to Car Parking Office, Streatham Farm Lead name Title Permit No: Initial: Surname: BUDI Team

Bearhop, Stuart

213

MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS FROM TRAMS, TRAINS AND HYBRID CARS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS FROM TRAMS, TRAINS AND HYBRID CARS Malka N of electric and magnetic fields emitted from Australian trams, trains and hybrid cars were investigated (EMFs) has arisen. People using trains, trams and hybrid cars are exposed to higher alternating

Halgamuge, Malka N.

214

A SUBBAND HYBRID BEAMFORMING FOR IN-CAR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Charles Fox  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SUBBAND HYBRID BEAMFORMING FOR IN-CAR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Charles Fox , Guillaume Vitte , Maurice is pre- sented, dedicated to in-car communication. An experimental study of the acoustic field inside the car interior leads us to propose a hy- brid beamforming algorithm, taking two frequency ranges into ac

Badeau, Roland

215

Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions MariaCarola Colombo, we review some recent applications of hybrid Car-Parrinello simulations of chemical and biological recently developed a combination of these two techniques into a hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello scheme [4

Guidoni, Leonardo

216

Parametric optimization of hybrid car engines (Final version, published in Optimization and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parametric optimization of hybrid car engines (Final version, published in Optimization the problem of optimal design of hybrid car engines which combine thermal and electric power. The optimal a nonconvex nonsmooth optimization problem with a bundle method. Keywords: Hybrid car engines, bilevel

Bonnans, Frdric

217

eVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as hybrid and electric vehicles, to pedestrians has become an important issue for public policy [1], car a localization paradigm to test the detectability of hybrid and internal combustion cars by measuring listenereVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars. Ryan

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

218

EcoCAR by Georgia Tech efficiency through design and innovation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

engineering competition sponsored by the Department of Energy and General Motors EcoCAR by Georgia Tech engineering competition sponsored by the Department of Energy and General Motors #12;GT EcoCAR GOALS: Increase by the Department of Energy and General Motors EcoCAR by Georgia Tech efficiency through design and innovation

Houston, Paul L.

219

Adaptive optics for enhanced signal in CARS A. J. Wright1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive optics for enhanced signal in CARS microscopy A. J. Wright1 , S. P. Poland1 , J. M. Girkin with coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy for label-free deep tissue imaging based tissue in order to enhance the CARS signal. The combined system and sample-induced aberration correction

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

220

Surface localization of the nuclear receptor CAR in influenza A virus-infected cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Constitutive active/androstane receptor CAR is a member of the nuclear receptors which regulate transcription of xenobiotic metabolism enzymes. CAR is usually localized in the cytosol and nucleus. Here, we found that CAR was localized at the cell surface of influenza A virus (IAV)-infected cells. Additionally, we demonstrated that expression of a viral envelope glycoprotein, either hemagglutinin (HA) or neuraminidase (NA), but not viral nucleoprotein (NP), was responsible for this localization. This report is the first demonstration of CAR at the surface of tissue culture cells, and suggests that CAR may exert the IAV infection mechanism.

Takahashi, Tadanobu [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, and COE Program in the 21st Century, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Department of Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, CREST, JST, and COE Program in the 21st Century, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Moriyama, Yusuke; Ikari, Akira; Sugatani, Junko [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, and COE Program in the 21st Century, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Suzuki, Takashi [Department of Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, CREST, JST, and COE Program in the 21st Century, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Miwa, Masao [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, and COE Program in the 21st Century, 52-1 Yada, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan)], E-mail: miwa@u-shizuoka-ken.ac.jp

2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Polarized electron beams at milliampere average current  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This contribution describes some of the challenges associated with developing a polarized electron source capable of uninterrupted days-long operation at milliAmpere average beam current with polarization greater than 80%. Challenges will be presented in the context of assessing the required level of extrapolation beyond the performance of today's CEBAF polarized source operating at ~ 200 uA average current. Estimates of performance at higher current will be based on hours-long demonstrations at 1 and 4 mA. Particular attention will be paid to beam-related lifetime-limiting mechanisms, and strategies to construct a photogun that operate reliably at bias voltage > 350kV.

Poelker, Matthew [JLAB

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

High speed photometry of faint Cataclysmic Variables: II. RS Car, V365 Car,] V436 Car, AP Cru, RR Cha, BI Ori, CM Phe and V522 Sgr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short time scale photometric properties of eight faint Cataclysmic Variable (CV) stars are presented. Nova Carinae 1895 (RS Car) has a photometric modulation at 1.977 h which could be either an orbital or a superhump period. Nova Carinae 1948 (V365 Car) shows flickering, but any orbital modulation has a period in excess of 6 h. The nova-like variable and X-ray source V436 Car has an orbital modulation at P(orb) = 4.207 h, no detectable period near 2.67 h (which had previously given it a possible intermediate polar classification), and Dwarf Nova Oscillations (DNOs) at ~40 s. Nova Crucis 1936 (AP Cru) has a double humped ellipsoidal modulation at P(orb) = 5.12 h and a stable modulation at 1837 s characteristic of an intermediate polar. Nova Chamaeleontis 1953 (RR Cha) is an ecliping system with P(orb) = 3.362 h, but at times shows negative superhumps at 3.271 h and positive superhumps at 3.466 h. In addition it has a stable period at 1950 s, characteristic of an intermediate polar. BI Ori is a dwarf nova which we observed at quiescence and outburst without detecting any orbital modulation. CM Phe is a nova-like variable for which we confirm Hoard, Wachter & Kim-Quijano's (2001) value of P(orb) = 6.454 h. We have identified the remnant of Nova Saggitarii 1931 (V522 Sgr) with a flickering source ~2.2 mag fainter than the previously proposed candidate (which we find to be non-variable).

Patrick A. Woudt; Brian Warner

2002-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

223

MBTA Green Line 3-car train operating plans to enhance capacity and reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transit agencies face a variety of challenges, from increasing ridership to changes in infrastructure, to system expansions, all of which require significant preparation to accommodate the changes without affecting passengers ...

Malikova, Alexandra A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Extracting gluon condensate from the average plaquette  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The perturbative contribution in the average plaquette is subtracted using Borel summation and the remnant of the plaquette is shown to scale as a dim-4 condensate. A critical review is presented of the renormalon subtraction scheme that claimed a dim-2 condensate. The extracted gluon condensate is compared with the latest result employing high order (35-loop) calculation in the stochastic perturbation theory.

Lee, Taekoon

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Laser Fusion Energy The High Average Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser Fusion Energy and The High Average Power Program John Sethian Naval Research Laboratory Dec for Inertial Fusion Energy with lasers, direct drive targets and solid wall chambers Lasers DPPSL (LLNL) Kr posters Snead Payne #12;Laser(s) Goals 1. Develop technologies that can meet the fusion energy

226

Identifying Opportunity Spaces in the Car/Ride Sharing Environment: Creating a framework for a Suburban Community Circulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying Opportunity Spaces in the Car/Ride Sharing Environment: Creating a framework or system in suburban environ- ments alongside a car sharing service. Car sharing schemes are e ective results imply that there are opportu- nity spaces in the car/ride sharing world for automotive

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

227

Optimal coherent control of CARS: signal enhancement and background elimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability to enhance resonant signals and eliminate the non-resonant background is analyzed for Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS). The analysis is done at a specific frequency as well as for broadband excitation using femtosecond pulse-shaping techniques. An appropriate objective functional is employed to balance resonant signal enhancement against non-resonant background suppression. Optimal enhancement of the signal and minimization of the background can be achieved by shaping the probe pulse alone while keeping the pump and Stokes pulses in transform-limited-form (TLF). In some cases analytical forms for the probe pulse can be found, and numerical simulations are carried out for other circumstances. It is found that a good approximate solution for the optimal pulse in the two-pulse CARS is a superposition of linear and arctangent type phases for the pump. The well-known probe delay method is shown to be a quasi-optimal scheme for background suppression. The results should provide a basis to improve the performance of CARS spectroscopy and microscopy.

Fang Gao; Feng Shuang; JunHui Shi; Herschel Rabitz; HaiFeng Wang; JiXin Cheng

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

228

Fleet Services Fleet Services Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

287 rental vehicles: economy, hybrid, standard and large cars, mini and 12 passenger and cargo vans, pickup trucks, buses, and police cars. 2 buses with drivers: 20 passenger and 44passenger 10

Beex, A. A. "Louis"

229

Phase I of the Near Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Vehicle Program are summarized. This phase of the program ws a study leading to the preliminary design of a 5-passenger hybrid vehicle utilizing two energy sources (electricity and gasoline/diesel fuel) to minimize petroleum usage on a fleet basis. This report presents the following: overall summary of the Phase I activity; summary of the individual tasks; summary of the hybrid vehicle design; summary of the alternative design options; summary of the computer simulations; summary of the economic analysis; summary of the maintenance and reliability considerations; summary of the design for crash safety; and bibliography.

Not Available

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Polarized electron beams at milliampere average current  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This contribution describes some of the challenges associated with developing a polarized electron source capable of uninterrupted days-long operation at milliAmpere average beam current with polarization greater than 80%. Challenges will be presented in the context of assessing the required level of extrapolation beyond the performance of todays CEBAF polarized source operating at ? 200 uA average current. Estimates of performance at higher current will be based on hours-long demonstrations at 1 and 4 mA. Particular attention will be paid to beam-related lifetime-limiting mechanisms, and strategies to construct a photogun that operate reliably at bias voltage > 350kV.

Poelker, M. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

231

Slide 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fuel Shipment Synopsis (continued) -Rail shipment * DOE selected route * Dedicated train; 2 locomotives, 2 cask cars, 3 buffer cars, 1 passenger car * Nuclear Regulatory...

232

Is dark energy an effect of averaging?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present standard model of cosmology states that the known particles carry only a tiny fraction of total mass and energy of the Universe. Rather, unknown dark matter and dark energy are the dominant contributions to the cosmic energy budget. We review the logic that leads to the postulated dark energy and present an alternative point of view, in which the puzzle may be solved by properly taking into account the influence of cosmic structures on global observables. We illustrate the effect of averaging on the measurement of the Hubble constant.

Nan Li; Marina Seikel; Dominik J. Schwarz

2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

233

Property:SalinityAverage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration Jump to:FieldProceduresFYID6/OrganizationID8/WebsiteSalinityAverage Jump

234

CARS polarized microscopy of three-dimensional director structures in liquid crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate three-dimensional vibrational imaging of director structures in liquid crystals using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) polarized microscopy. Spatial mapping of the structures is based on sensitivity of a polarized CARS signal to orientation of anisotropic molecules in liquid crystals. As an example, we study structures in a smectic material and demonstrate that single-scan CARS and two-photon fluorescence images of molecular orientation patterns are consistent with each other and with the structure model.

A. V. Kachynski; A. N. Kuzmin; P. N. Prasad; I. I. Smalyukh

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

235

Application of CARS to scramjet combustion. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopic (CARS) instrument has been developed for measuring simultaneously temperature and N/sub 2/ - O/sub 2/ species concentration in hostile flame environments. A folded BOXCARS arrangement was employed to obtain high spatial resolution. Polarization discrimination against the nonresonant background decreased the lower limits of O/sub 2/ detectivity. The instrument has been primarily employed for validation of computational fluid-dynamics computer-model codes. Comparisons have been made to both the CHARNAL and TEACH codes on a hydrogen diffusion flame with good results.

Antcliff, R.R.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

High Mass Triple Systems: The Classical Cepheid Y Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have obtained an HST STIS ultraviolet high dispersion Echelle mode spectrum the binary companion of the double mode classical Cepheid Y Car. The velocity measured for the hot companion from this spectrum is very different from reasonable predictions for binary motion, implying that the companion is itself a short period binary. The measured velocity changed by 7 km/ s during the 4 days between two segments of the observation confirming this interpretation. We summarize "binary" Cepheids which are in fact members of triple system and find at least 44% are triples. The summary of information on Cepheids with orbits makes it likely that the fraction is under-estimated.

N. R. Evans; K. G. Carpenter; R. Robinson; F. Kienzle; A. E. Dekas

2005-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

237

EcoCAR the Next Challenge | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary ECM Included NotFederal4EckMuscle Car

238

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile rack cars Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile rack cars Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Mechanical Engineering Department Seminar...

239

Peak Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved Issues, Policy Implications, and a Research Agenda Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Peak...

240

EcoCAR 3: Collegiate Teams to Pump up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

State University University of Washington University of Waterloo Wayne State University West Virginia University For more on EcoCAR 3, read this Vehicle Technologies Office...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Charged Quantum Fields Associated with Endomorphisms of CAR and CCR Algebras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quasi-free endomorphisms of the CAR and CCR algebras are studied from the point of view of the theory of superselection sectors.

Carsten Binnenhei

1998-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

242

Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the Worlds First 3D Printed Car (text version)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Below is the text version for the Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the Worlds First 3D Printed CarVideo.

243

Average transverse momentum quantities approaching the lightfront  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this contribution to Light Cone 2014, three average transverse momentum quantities are discussed: the Sivers shift, the dijet imbalance, and the $p_T$ broadening. The definitions of these quantities involve integrals over all transverse momenta that are overly sensitive to the region of large transverse momenta, which conveys little information about the transverse momentum distributions of quarks and gluons inside hadrons. TMD factorization naturally suggests alternative definitions of such integrated quantities, using Bessel-weighting and rapidity cut-offs, with the conventional definitions as limiting cases. The regularized quantities are given in terms of integrals over the TMDs of interest that are well-defined and moreover have the advantage of being amenable to lattice evaluations.

Daniel Boer

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

244

Climate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based relationship between income growth and travel demand, turnover of the vehicle stock, and cost-driven investment both in reduction of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle fuel consumption as well as in adoptionClimate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling

245

Project Information Form Project Title White Paper on the Future of Passenger Travel Demand in the United  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

each agency or organization) Caltrans $26,383 Total Project Cost $26,383 Agency ID or Contract NumberProject Information Form Project Title White Paper on the Future of Passenger Travel Demand DTRT13-G-UTC29 Start and End Dates September 2014 to June 2015 Brief Description of Research Project

California at Davis, University of

246

The impact of high-speed rail and low-cost carriers on European air passenger traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of high-speed rail and low-cost carriers on European air passenger traffic Regina R, and market characteristics on air traffic; and 2) the impact of high-speed rail and low-cost in system-wide air travel demand, whereas the expansion of low-cost carriers has led to a significant

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

247

A techno-economic analysis and optimization of Li-ion batteries for light-duty passenger vehicle electrification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A techno-economic analysis and optimization of Li-ion batteries for light-duty passenger vehicle thickness a b s t r a c t We conduct a techno-economic analysis of Li-ion NMC-G prismatic pouch battery

McGaughey, Alan

248

Chandra Observations of Associates of $?$ Car: II. Spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The low resolution X-ray spectra around $\\eta$ Car covering Tr 16 and part of Tr 14 have been extracted from a Chandra CCD ACIS image. Various analysis techniques have been applied to the spectra based on their count rates. The spectra with the greatest number of counts (HD 93162 = WR 25, HD 93129AB, and HD 93250) have been fit with a wind model, which uses several components with different temperatures and depths in the wind. Weaker spectra have been fit with Raymond-Smith models. The weakest spectra are simply inter-compared with strong spectra. In general, fits produce reasonable parameters based on knowledge of the extinction from optical studies and on the range of temperatures for high and low mass stars. Direct comparisons of spectra confirm the consistency of the fitting results and also hardness ratios for cases of unusually large extinction in the clusters. The spectra of the low mass stars are harder than the more massive stars. Stars in the sequence evolving from the main sequence (HD 93250) through the system containing the O supergiant (HD 93129AB) and then through the Wolf-Rayet stage (HD93162), presumably ending in the extreme example of $\\eta$ Car, share the property of being unusually luminous and hard in X-rays. For these X-ray luminous stars, their high mass and evolutionary status (from the very last stages of the main sequence and beyond) is the common feature. Their binary status is mixed, and magnetic status is still uncertain.

Nancy Remage Evans; Eric M. Schlegel; Wayne L. Waldron; Frederick D. Seward; Miriam I. Krauss; Joy Nichols; Scott J. Wolk

2004-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

249

Structure of adenovirus bound to cellular receptor car  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a mutant adenovirus which has a genome comprising one or more mutations in sequences which encode the fiber protein knob domain wherein the mutation causes the encoded viral particle to have significantly weakened binding affinity for CARD1 relative to wild-type adenovirus. Such mutations may be in sequences which encode either the AB loop, or the HI loop of the fiber protein knob domain. Specific residues and mutations are described. Also disclosed is a method for generating a mutant adenovirus which is characterized by a receptor binding affinity or specificity which differs substantially from wild type. In the method, residues of the adenovirus fiber protein knob domain which are predicted to alter D1 binding when mutated, are identified from the crystal structure coordinates of the AD12knob:CAR-D1 complex. A mutation which alters one or more of the identified residues is introduced into the genome of the adenovirus to generate a mutant adenovirus. Whether or not the mutant produced exhibits altered adenovirus-CAR binding properties is then determined.

Freimuth, Paul I.

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

250

Fact #835: August 25, Average Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

5: August 25, Average Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 Fact 835: August 25, Average Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 When adjusted for inflation, the average annual...

251

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tracks Locomotives & Cars Fuel (Diesel, Electric) RoadwaysVehicles Fuel (Diesel, Electric) Design N K,L,N Production

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Time-resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy of the compact interacting binary QU Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present HST/STIS (1160--1700A) echelle spectra of the cataclysmic variable (CV) star, QU Car, observed in time-tag mode at three epochs. In catalogues this binary is classified as a nova-like variable. We find evidence of a high-state non-magnetic CV at low inclination, with unusually high ionisation. We observed narrow absorption lines (few hundred km/s wide) in N V1240, O V1371 and Si IV1398, as well as broader (HWZI ~1000km/s) emission in C III1176, C IV1549 and He II1640, all with a superposed absorption component. High ionisation is indicated by the unusually string He II emission and the relative strength of the O V absorption line. The dereddened UV SED of, on average, -2.3 suggests that disc accretion dominates the spectral energy distribution. In two observations velocity shifting is noted in the absorption lines on a timescale long enough not to repeat within the ~2600-sec exposures. The absorption superposed on the C IV emission line moves coherently with the N V and Si IV absorption, suggesting...

Hartley, L E; Long, K S

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

average atom model: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(chemical potential, average ionic charge, free electron density, bound and continuum wave-functions and occupation numbers) are obtained from the average-atom model. The...

254

Dynamic of car ownership and car use in France since the 1960s ROUX, Sophie; ARMOOGUM, Jimmy; MADRE, Jean-Loup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic of car ownership and car use in France since the 1960s ROUX, Sophie; ARMOOGUM, Jimmy; MADRE.roux@inrets.fr ARMOOGUM Jimmy Institut national de recherche sur les transports et leur sécurité (INRETS) Département-le-Grand cedex Tel : +33 (0)1.45.92.55.79 jimmy.armoogum@inrets.fr MADRE Jean-Loup Institut national de recherche

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

255

Automatic parallel parking and platooning to redistribute electric vehicles in a car-sharing application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic parallel parking and platooning to redistribute electric vehicles in a car subscribers , as well as the electric car-sharing system autolib, comprising 2000 vehicles, 1200 stations this imbalance, vehicle redistribution strategies must be elaborated. As automatic relocation cannot be in place

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

256

Modelling a Car Safety Controller in Road Tunnels using Hybrid Petri Nets A. Bobbio[1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling a Car Safety Controller in Road Tunnels using Hybrid Petri Nets A. Bobbio[1] , M this specific issue and proposes a hybrid modeling approach based on fluid Petri nets (FPN). An FPN is used that FPN is a valid paradigm to model the dynamics of a car in a detailed way. 1 Introduction In the last

Horvth, Andrs

257

SAT and Hybrid models of the Car Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAT and Hybrid models of the Car Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2 , Emmanuel Hebrard1}@laas.fr {valentin.mayer-eichberger, toby.walsh}@nicta.com.au Abstract. We compare both pure SAT and hybrid CP/SAT models for solving car sequencing problems, and close 13 out of the 23 large open instances in CSPLib

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

258

SAT and Hybrid models of the Car-Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAT and Hybrid models of the Car-Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2 , Emmanuel Hebrard1 car-sequencing problems by combining together the strengths of SAT and CP. We compare both pure SAT and hybrid CP/SAT models. Three features of these models are crucial to suc- cess. For quickly finding

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

259

On $C^*$-algebras generated by some deformations of CAR relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the representation theory and enveloping $C^*$-algebras for Wick analogues of CAR and twisted CAR algebras. The realization of the $C^*$-algebras under consideration as algebras of continuous matrix-functions satisfying certain boundary conditions is given.

Daniil Proskurin; Yurii Savchuk; Lyudmila Turowska

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

RICHIESTA INCENTIVO PER UTILIZZO SERVIZIO CAR SHARING per aziende con Mobility Manager nominato (ai sensi della D.D. 1487 del 30/12/2010)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RICHIESTA INCENTIVO PER UTILIZZO SERVIZIO CAR SHARING per aziende con Mobility Manager nominato (ai _________________________________________________________________________ codice cliente Car Sharing ________________________________________________________ Codice Fiscale iscrizione, integra la documentazione di iscrizione stessa al servizio Car Sharing e va inviata all

Guidoni, Leonardo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Opposing regulation of cytochrome P450 expression by CAR and PXR in hypothyroid mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clinical hypothyroidism affects various metabolic processes including drug metabolism. CYP2B and CYP3A are important cytochrome P450 drug metabolizing enzymes that are regulated by the xenobiotic receptors constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) and pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2). We evaluated the regulation of the hepatic expression of CYPs by CAR and PXR in the hypothyroid state induced by a low-iodine diet containing 0.15% propylthiouracil. Expression of Cyp3a11 was suppressed in hypothyroid C57BL/6 wild type (WT) mice and a further decrement was observed in hypothyroid CAR{sup ?/?} mice, but not in hypothyroid PXR{sup ?/?} mice. In contrast, expression of Cyp2b10 was induced in both WT and PXR{sup ?/?} hypothyroid mice, and this induction was abolished in CAR{sup ?/?} mice and in and CAR{sup ?/?} PXR{sup ?/?} double knockouts. CAR mRNA expression was increased by hypothyroidism, while PXR expression remained unchanged. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used antiepileptic that is metabolized by CYP3A isoforms. After CBZ treatment of normal chow fed mice, serum CBZ levels were highest in CAR{sup ?/?} mice and lowest in WT and PXR{sup ?/?} mice. Hypothyroid WT or PXR{sup ?/?} mice survived chronic CBZ treatment, but all hypothyroid CAR{sup ?/?} and CAR{sup ?/?} PXR{sup ?/?} mice died, with CAR{sup ?/?}PXR{sup ?/?} mice surviving longer than CAR{sup ?/?} mice (12.3 3.3 days vs. 6.3 2.1 days, p = 0.04). All these findings suggest that hypothyroid status affects xenobiotic metabolism, with opposing responses of CAR and PXR and their CYP targets that can cancel each other out, decreasing serious metabolic derangement in response to a xenobiotic challenge. -- Highlights: ? Hypothyroid status activates CAR in mice and induces Cyp2b10 expression. ? Hypothyroid status suppresses PXR activity in mice and represses Cyp3a11 expression. ? These responses balance each other out in normal mice. ? Hypothyroidism sensitizes CAR null mice to toxic effects of carbamazepine.

Park, Young Joo [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Eun Kyung [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Yoon Kwang [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)] [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Park, Do Joon; Jang, Hak Chul [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Moore, David D., E-mail: moore@bcm.edu [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Molecular Interaction of CAR and JAML Recruits the Central Cell Signal Transducer PI3K  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is the primary cellular receptor for group B coxsackieviruses and most adenovirus serotypes and plays a crucial role in adenoviral gene therapy. Recent discovery of the interaction between junctional adhesion molecule-like protein (JAML) and CAR uncovered important functional roles in immunity, inflammation, and tissue homeostasis. Crystal structures of JAML ectodomain (2.2 angstroms) and its complex with CAR (2.8 angstroms) reveal an unusual immunoglobulin-domain assembly for JAML and a charged interface that confers high specificity. Biochemical and mutagenesis studies illustrate how CAR-mediated clustering of JAML recruits phosphoinositide 3-kinase (P13K) to a JAML intracellular sequence motif as delineated for the {alpha}{beta} T cell costimulatory receptor CD28. Thus, CAR and JAML are cell signaling receptors of the immune system with implications for asthma, cancer, and chronic nonhealing wounds.

Verdino, Petra; Witherden, Deborah A.; Havran, Wendy L.; Wilson, Ian A. (Scripps)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Containment atmosphere response (CAR) program. Second status report. [HTGR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains a summary of the work performed under the Containment Atmosphere Response (CAR) Program of the High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) Safety Research Task since the publication of the previous status report (February 1978). The work concentrated on development of models describing containment phenomena during core heatup in support of probabilistic risk assessment studies. Models were completed for fission product iodine sorption on coated surfaces, diffusivity and retentivity of untreated concrete, iodine interaction with condensing steam on the containment atmosphere boundaries, and the cleanup filter system. These models were incorporated into a new computer program called CARCAS, a substantial extension of the CNTB computer program, and applied to Accident Initiation and Progression Analysis for Phase II core heatup sequences. Development was begun on models describing the postulated behavior of particulate fission products or aerosols within and leaking out of the containment.

Landoni, J.A.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Eta Car and Its Surroundings: the X-ray Diagnosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray emission from the supermassive star Eta Carinae (\\ec) originates from hot shocked gas produced by current stellar mass loss as well as ejecta from prior eruptive events. Absorption of this emission by cool material allows the determination of the spatial and temporal distribution of this material. Emission from the shocked gas can provide important information about abundances through the study of thermal X-ray line emission. We discuss how studies of the X-ray emission from Eta Car at a variety of temporal, spatial and spectral scales and resolutions have helped refine our knowledge of both the continuous and discrete mass loss from the system, and its interactions with more extended material around the star.

M. F. Corcoran; K. Hamaguchi

2007-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

265

Local Motors Begins Their Six Day Quest to 3D Print the Strati Car Live at IMTS  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An article detailing Local Motors' preparation to 3D print a car at the September 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show.

266

Realignment-enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) and three-dimensional imaging in anisotropic fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) microscopy to characterize director structures in liquid crystals.

A. V. Kachynski; A. N. Kuzmin; P. N. Prasad; I. I. Smalyukh

2008-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

267

A technoregulatory analysis of government regulation and oversight in the United States for the protection of passenger safety in commercial human spaceflight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commercial human spaceflight looks ready to take off as an industry, with "space tourism" as its first application. Paying passengers are likely to begin taking suborbital spaceflights within the next several years, both ...

Leybovich, Michael Elliot

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Thermal Analysis and Test Program to Evaluate Passenger Compartment Thermal Load Reduction and Improve: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA number CRD-07-00231  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This activity supported a GM and NREL collaborative exploration of strategies to minimize and alleviate the temperature rise in the passenger compartment of an automobile during prolonged exposure to solar radiation in hot climates. It developed and exercised math-based models to simulate the air flow and thermal environment in the passenger compartment in order to compare the effectiveness of the strategies. This activity also assessed the strategies using vehicle tests.

Rugh, J.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

If Cars Were More Efficient Would We Use Less Fuel?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient, Would We Use Less Fuel? B Y K E N N E T H A . S Mtask: just increase vehicle fuel efficiency, also known asexisting Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards.

Small, Kenneth A.; Dender, Kurt Van

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Light Vehicle Price In 2011 the average used light vehicle price was 36% higher than in 1990, while the average new light vehicle price was 67% higher than it was in 1990. The...

271

Fact #835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

5: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 Fact 835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 When adjusted for inflation,...

272

Fact #835: August 25, 2014 Average Annual Gasoline Pump Price...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5: August 25, 2014 Average Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 - Dataset Fact 835: August 25, 2014 Average Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 - Dataset Excel file with...

273

Time-resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy of the compact interacting binary QU Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present HST/STIS (1160--1700A) echelle spectra of the cataclysmic variable (CV) star, QU Car, observed in time-tag mode at three epochs. In catalogues this binary is classified as a nova-like variable. We find evidence of a high-state non-magnetic CV at low inclination, with unusually high ionisation. We observed narrow absorption lines (few hundred km/s wide) in N V1240, O V1371 and Si IV1398, as well as broader (HWZI ~1000km/s) emission in C III1176, C IV1549 and He II1640, all with a superposed absorption component. High ionisation is indicated by the unusually string He II emission and the relative strength of the O V absorption line. The dereddened UV SED of, on average, -2.3 suggests that disc accretion dominates the spectral energy distribution. In two observations velocity shifting is noted in the absorption lines on a timescale long enough not to repeat within the ~2600-sec exposures. The absorption superposed on the C IV emission line moves coherently with the N V and Si IV absorption, suggesting the same origin for all absorption lines -- most likely to be in the accretion disc atmosphere. Weak blueshifted absorption in NV and C\\IV provides evidence of an outflow component and we estimate a maximum outflow velocity of ~2000km/s. This may be linked to a wind launched from further out in the disc than is typically seen in those high-state non-magnetic CV whose wind speeds are observed to reach to >4000km/s. Unusually, three ionisation stages of carbon -- C II, C III and C IV -- are present in emission, with line width increasing with higher ionisation. The presence of C II in emission and the positive line-width/ionisation correlation is most easily reconciled with an origin in a disc chromosphere, beyond the influence of the EUV-emitting inner disc.

L. E. Hartley; J. E. Drew; K. S. Long

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Models for estimation of car fuel consumption in urban traffic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes four fuel-consumption models. The models are interrelated and form part of the same modeling framework. A simpler model is derived from a more complicated model keeping the vehicle characteristic such as mass, drag function, and energy efficiency as explicit parameters at all model levels. Because vehicle characteristics are likely to change over time and from country to country, this is a particularly useful model property. For simplicity here, only the instantaneous fuel-consumption model is described in any detail. However, because of the derivation procedure, many of the features and properties of this model are present in the more aggregate models. Easy-to-use functions and graphs are given for the more aggregate models based on a ''default car'' in urban driving conditions. All parameters related to the speed profile and driving environment were calibrated using on-road data collected in Sydney, Australia. Use of the models is illustrated by estimating the fuel consumption for the microtrip.

Biggs, D.C.; Akcelik

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Cars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The General Motors and DOE cooperative agreement program DE-EE0003379 is completed. The program has integrated and demonstrated a lean-stratified gasoline engine, a lean aftertreatment system, a 12V Stop/Start system and an Active Thermal Management system along with the necessary controls that significantly improves fuel efficiency for small cars. The fuel economy objective of an increase of 25% over a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu and the emission objective of EPA T2B2 compliance have been accomplished. A brief review of the program, summarized from the narrative is: The program accelerates development and synergistic integration of four cost competitive technologies to improve fuel economy of a light-duty vehicle by at least 25% while meeting Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions standards. These technologies can be broadly implemented across the U.S. light-duty vehicle product line between 2015 and 2025 and are compatible with future and renewable biofuels. The technologies in this program are: lean combustion, innovative passive selective catalyst reduction lean aftertreatment, 12V stop/start and active thermal management. The technologies will be calibrated in a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu mid-size sedan for final fuel economy demonstration.

None

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

276

Localization via Automorphisms of the CARs. Local gauge invariance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical matter fields are sections of a vector bundle E with base manifold M. The space L^2(E) of square integrable matter fields w.r.t. a locally Lebesgue measure on M, has an important module action of C_b^\\infty(M) on it. This module action defines restriction maps and encodes the local structure of the classical fields. For the quantum context, we show that this module action defines an automorphism group on the algebra A, of the canonical anticommutation relations on L^2(E), with which we can perform the analogous localization. That is, the net structure of the CAR, A, w.r.t. appropriate subsets of M can be obtained simply from the invariance algebras of appropriate subgroups. We also identify the quantum analogues of restriction maps. As a corollary, we prove a well-known "folk theorem," that the algebra A contains only trivial gauge invariant observables w.r.t. a local gauge group acting on E.

Hendrik Grundling; Karl-Hermann Neeb

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

277

Viscosity of alumina nanoparticles dispersed in car engine coolant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present paper, describes our experimental results on the viscosity of the nanofluid prepared by dispersing alumina nanoparticles (<50 nm) in commercial car coolant. The nanofluid prepared with calculated amount of oleic acid (surfactant) was tested to be stable for more than 80 days. The viscosity of the nanofluids is measured both as a function of alumina volume fraction and temperature between 10 and 50 C. While the pure base fluid display Newtonian behavior over the measured temperature, it transforms to a non-Newtonian fluid with addition of a small amount of alumina nanoparticles. Our results show that viscosity of the nanofluid increases with increasing nanoparticle concentration and decreases with increase in temperature. Most of the frequently used classical models severely under predict the measured viscosity. Volume fraction dependence of the nanofluid viscosity, however, is predicted fairly well on the basis of a recently reported theoretical model for nanofluids that takes into account the effect of Brownian motion of nanoparticles in the nanofluid. The temperature dependence of the viscosity of engine coolant based alumina nanofluids obeys the empirical correlation of the type: log ({mu}{sub nf}) = A exp(BT), proposed earlier by Namburu et al. (author)

Kole, Madhusree; Dey, T.K. [Thermophysical Measurements Laboratory, Cryogenic Engineering Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721 302 (India)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

X-RAY EMISSION FROM THE DOUBLE-BINARY OB-STAR SYSTEM QZ CAR (HD 93206)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray observations of the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206) obtained with the Chandra X-ray Observatory over a period of roughly 2 years are presented. The respective orbits of systems A (O9.7 I+b2 v, P{sub A} = 21 days) and B (O8 III+o9 v, P{sub B} = 6 days) are reasonably well sampled by the observations, allowing the origin of the X-ray emission to be examined in detail. The X-ray spectra can be well fitted by an attenuated three-temperature thermal plasma model, characterized by cool, moderate, and hot plasma components at kT {approx_equal} 0.2, 0.7, and 2 keV, respectively, and a circumstellar absorption of {approx_equal}0.2 x 10{sup 22} cm{sup -2}. Although the hot plasma component could be indicating the presence of wind-wind collision shocks in the system, the model fluxes calculated from spectral fits, with an average value of {approx_equal}7 x 10{sup -13} erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -2}, do not show a clear correlation with the orbits of the two constituent binaries. A semi-analytical model of QZ Car reveals that a stable momentum balance may not be established in either system A or B. Yet, despite this, system B is expected to produce an observed X-ray flux well in excess of the observations. If one considers the wind of the O8 III star to be disrupted by mass transfer, the model and observations are in far better agreement, which lends support to the previous suggestion of mass transfer in the O8 III + o9 v binary. We conclude that the X-ray emission from QZ Car can be reasonably well accounted for by a combination of contributions mainly from the single stars and the mutual wind-wind collision between systems A and B.

Parkin, E. R.; Naze, Y.; Rauw, G. [Institut d'Astrophysique et de Geophysique, Universite de Liege, 17, Allee du 6 Aout, B5c, B-4000 Sart Tilman (Belgium); Broos, P. S.; Townsley, L. K. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Pittard, J. M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Moffat, A. F. J. [Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7 (Canada); Oskinova, L. M. [Institute for Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); Waldron, W. L., E-mail: parkin@mso.anu.edu.au [Eureka Scientific Inc., 2452 Delmer Street, Oakland, CA 94602 (United States)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Optimal motion planning with the half-car dynamical model for autonomous high-speed driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss an implementation of the RRT* optimal motion planning algorithm for the half-car dynamical model to enable autonomous high-speed driving. To develop fast solutions of the associated local steering problem, we ...

Jeon, Jeong hwan

280

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) optimized by exploiting optical interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to study the interference between the coherent nonresonant four-wave-mixing (FWM) background and the Raman-resonant signal in the coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS). The nonresonant background is usually...

Wang, Xi

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at the Kentucky Speedway (NASA)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

282

Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The share of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) has grown from about 6% of production in 1990 to one-third of the production in 2014 (counting both car SUVs and truck SUVs). The...

283

Cars and the City: An Investigation of Transportation and Residential Location Choices in New York City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Higher subway line availability raises the utility of thatof subway lines near home rises, the utility of alternativesof subway lines at home reduces the utility of owning a car

Salon, Deborah

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 fotw847web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of...

285

Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction fotw856web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Quarterly Analysis Review February 2015 Fact 853 December 29,...

286

Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

fotw867web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fact 856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction - Dataset Fact 845: November 3,...

287

Linings with optimum heat-emission surfaces for cars receiving and transporting incandescent coke  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The least reliable components of the cars which receive and transport incandescent coke are the lining plates. This applies to both the quenching cars used for wet quenching and the hot-coke cars used in the dry cooling process. Technical advances have been described whereby the life of car linings is prolonged by increasing heat emission from the lining plate surfaces. As the heat emission level is enhanced the mean plate temperature is lowered and the lining life thereby prolonged; moreover, the between-servicings period is prolonged. This involves providing fins on the non-working (outer) plate surfaces. The problem of optimizing the size and shape of the fins with reference to heat emission remains unsolved: the requirement is maximum heat emission from plates of a given weight, or conversely minimum plate weight for a given heat emission level. 6 refs., 3 figs.

Kotlyar, B.D.; Pleshkov, P.I.; Gadyatskii, V.G. [and others

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

288

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors (like a butterly, no bleaching after 5 years Miami) #12;Nanotechnology on our Desktops Hard Disk Sensor Medium

Himpsel, Franz J.

289

Automatic deployment of autonomous cars in a robotic urban-like environment (RULE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a computational framework and experimental setup for deployment of autonomous cars in a miniature Robotic Urban-Like Environment (RULE). The specifications are given in rich, human-like language as temporal logic ...

Itani, Sara T.

290

Notes on the equality in SSA of entropy on CAR algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove a necessary an sufficient condition for the states which satisfy strong subadditivity of von Neumann entropy with equality on CAR algebra and we show an example when the equality holds but the state is not separable.

J. Pitrik; V. P. Belavkin

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

291

A crossed product of the CAR algebra in the Cuntz algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we show that the Cuntz algebra can be represented as a C*-crossed product by endomorphism of the canonical anticommutation relations (CAR) algebra, generated by the standard recursive fermion system.

Marat Aukhadiev; Alexander Nikitin; Airat Sitdikov

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

292

The structure of strongly additive states and Markov triplets on the CAR algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We find a characterization of states satisfying equality in strong subadditivity of entropy and of Markov triplets on the CAR algebra. For even states, a more detailed structure of the density matrix is given.

Anna Jencova

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

293

Redesigning experimental equipment for determining peak pressure in a simulated tank car transfer line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When liquids are transported from storage tanks to tank cars, improper order of valve openings can cause pressure surges in the transfer line. To model this phenomenon and predict the peak pressures in such a transfer line, ...

Diaz, Richard A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Structural Estimation of Price Adjustment Costs in the European Car Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corolla, Peugeot 405, and BMW 5-series. Sales are new carGermany Audi Korea Daewoo BMW Hyundai MCC Kia Mercedes SpainTalbotSimcaHillmanSunbe Germany BMW Daimler Mercedes VW

Noton, Carlos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The winds of Luminous Blue Variables and the Mass of AG Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present radiation-driven wind models for Luminous Blue Variables (LBVs) and predict their mass-loss rates. A comparison between our predictions and the observations of AG Car shows that the variable mass loss behaviour of LBVs is due the recombination/ionisation of Fe IV/III and Fe III/II. We also derive a present-day mass of 35 Msun for AG Car.

Jorick S. Vink; Alex de Koter

2002-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

High-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of Theta Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context : The peculiar hot star Theta Car in the open cluster IC2602 is a blue straggler as well as a single-line binary of short period (2.2d). Aims : Its high-energy properties are not well known, though X-rays can provide useful constraints on the energetic processes at work in binaries as well as in peculiar, single objects. Methods : We present the analysis of a 50ks exposure taken with the XMM-Newton observatory. It provides medium as well as high-resolution spectroscopy. Results : Our high-resolution spectroscopy analysis reveals a very soft spectrum with multiple temperature components (1--6MK) and an X-ray flux slightly below the `canonical' value (log[L_X(0.1-10.)/L_{BOL}] ~ -7). The X-ray lines appear surprisingly narrow and unshifted, reminiscent of those of beta Cru and tau Sco. Their relative intensities confirm the anomalous abundances detected in the optical domain (C strongly depleted, N strongly enriched, O slightly depleted). In addition, the X-ray data favor a slight depletion in neon and iron, but they are less conclusive for the magnesium abundance (solar-like?). While no significant changes occur during the XMM-Newton observation, variability in the X-ray domain is detected on the long-term range. The formation radius of the X-ray emission is loosely constrained to <5 R_sol, which allows for a range of models (wind-shock, corona, magnetic confinement,...) though not all of them can be reconciled with the softness of the spectrum and the narrowness of the lines.

Yael Naze; Gregor Rauw

2008-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

297

average kinetic energy: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

energy by kinetic averaging Pierre-Emmanuel Jabin Ecole Normale Sup-Landau energy for two dimensional divergence free fields ap- pearing in the gradient theory of...

298

average power high: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Simultaneous Power Fluctuation and Average Power Minimization during Nano-CMOS Behavioral Synthesis Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: conversion 6....

299

LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION BARRELS) FILE UPDATED April 2004 Line Month Low High Number Product Name Geography...

300

QU Car: a very high luminosity nova-like binary with a carbon-enriched companion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QU Car is listed in cataclysmic variable star catalogues as a nova-like variable. This little-studied, yet bright interacting binary is re-appraised here in the light of new high-quality ultraviolet (UV) interstellar line data obtained with STIS on board the Hubble Space Telescope. The detection of a component of interstellar absorption at a mean LSR velocity of $-$14 km s$^{-1}$ indicates that the distance to QU Car may be $\\sim$2 kpc or more -- a considerable increase on the previous lower-limiting distance of 500 pc. If so, the bolometric luminosity of QU Car could exceed $10^{37}$ ergs s$^{-1}$. This would place this binary in the luminosity domain occupied by known compact-binary supersoft X-ray sources. Even at a 500 pc, QU Car appears to be the most luminous nova-like variable known. New intermediate dispersion optical spectroscopy of QU Car spanning 3800--7000 \\AA is presented. These data yield the discovery that C{\\sc iv} $\\lambda\\lambda$5801,12 is present as an unusually prominent emission line in an otherwise low-contrast line spectrum. Using measurements of this and other lines in a recombination line analysis, it is shown that the C/He abundance as proxied by the n(C$^{4+}$)/n(He$^{2+}$) ratio may be as high as 0.06 (an order of magnitude higher than the solar ratio). Furthermore, the C/O abundance ratio is estimated to be greater than 1. These findings suggest that the companion in QU Car is a carbon star. If so, it would be the first example of a carbon star in such a binary. An early-type R star best matches the required abundance pattern and could escape detection at optical wavelengths provided the distance to QU Car is $\\sim$2 kpc or more.

J. E. Drew; L. E. Hartley; K. S. Long; J. van der Walt

2002-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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301

Mobility chains analysis of technologies for passenger cars and light duty vehicles fueled with biofuels : application of the Greet model to project the role of biomass in America's energy future (RBAEF) project.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future (RBAEF) is a multi-institution, multiple-sponsor research project. The primary focus of the project is to analyze and assess the potential of transportation fuels derived from cellulosic biomass in the years 2015 to 2030. For this project, researchers at Dartmouth College and Princeton University designed and simulated an advanced fermentation process to produce fuel ethanol/protein, a thermochemical process to produce Fischer-Tropsch diesel (FTD) and dimethyl ether (DME), and a combined heat and power plant to co-produce steam and electricity using the ASPEN Plus{trademark} model. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducted, for the RBAEF project, a mobility chains or well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis using the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed at ANL. The mobility chains analysis was intended to estimate the energy consumption and emissions associated with the use of different production biofuels in light-duty vehicle technologies.

Wu, M.; Wu, Y.; Wang, M; Energy Systems

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

302

FreedomCAR Advanced Traction Drive Motor Development Phase I  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this program is to design and develop an advanced traction motor that will meet the FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) 2010 goals and the traction motor technical targets. The motor specifications are given in Section 1.3. Other goals of the program include providing a cost study to ensure the motor can be developed within the cost targets needed for the automotive industry. The program has focused on using materials that are both high performance and low costs such that the performance can be met and cost targets are achieved. In addition, the motor technologies and machine design features must be compatible with high volume manufacturing and able to provide high reliability, efficiency, and ruggedness while simultaneously reducing weight and volume. Weight and volume reduction will become a major factor in reducing cost, material cost being the most significant part of manufacturing cost at high volume. Many motor technology categories have been considered in the past and present for traction drive applications, including: brushed direct current (DC), PM (PM) brushless dc (BLDC), alternating current (AC) induction, switched reluctance and synchronous reluctance machines. Of these machine technologies, PM BLDC has consistently demonstrated an advantage in terms of power density and efficiency. As rare earth magnet cost has declined, total cost may also be reduced over the other technologies. Of the many different configurations of PM BLDC machines, those which incorporate power production utilizing both magnetic torque as well as reluctance torque appear to have the most promise for traction applications. There are many different PM BLDC machine configurations which employ both of these torque producing mechanisms; however, most would fall into one of two categories--some use weaker magnets and rely more heavily on reluctance torque (reluctance-dominant PM machines), others use strong PMs and supplement with reluctance torque (magnet-dominant PM machines). This report covers a trade study that was conducted in this phase I program to explore which type of machine best suits the FCVT requirements.

Ley, Josh (UQM Technologies, Inc.); Lutz, Jon (UQM Technologies, Inc.)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

On average sampling restoration of Piranashvilitype harmonizable processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; time shifted sam- pling; Piranashvili, Lo`eve, Karhunen harmonizable stochastic process; weakly.olenko@latrobe.edu.au, poganj@pfri.hr Abstract: The harmonizable Piranashvili type stochastic pro- cesses are approximated stationary stochastic process; local averages; average sampling reconstruction. 1. Introduction

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

304

The global warming signal is the average of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, uncertainty in the isopycnal diffusivity causes uncertainty of up to 50% in the global warming signalThe global warming signal is the average of years 70-80 in the increasing CO2 run minus the average represent significant uncertainty in the global warming signal (Fig. 5). The differences at high latitudes

Jones, Peter JS

305

averaged energy minimization: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

averaged energy minimization First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Averaged Energy...

306

STATE OF CALIFORNIA AREA WEIGHTED AVERAGE CALCULATION WORKSHEET: RESIDENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA AREA WEIGHTED AVERAGE CALCULATION WORKSHEET: RESIDENTIAL CEC-WS-2R (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Area Weighted Average Calculation Worksheet WS-2R Residential (Page 1 of 1) Site/Time: ____________________ HERS Provider: __________________ 2008 Residential Compliance Forms August 2009 This worksheet should

307

Higher-order averaging, formal series and numerical integration II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems of ordinary differential equations with d 1 non- resonant constant frequencies. Formal series frequency and four resonant fast frequencies. Keywords and sentences: Averaging, high-order averaging, quasi Schumann, 35170 Bruz, France. Email: Philippe.Chartier@inria.fr Konputazio Zientziak eta A. A. Saila

Murua, Ander

308

Averaged dynamics of ultra-relativisitc charged particles beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we consider the suitability of using the charged cold fluid model in the description of ultra-relativistic beams. The method that we have used is the following. Firstly, the necessary notions of kinetic theory and differential geometry of second order differential equations are explained. Then an averaging procedure is applied to a connection associated with the Lorentz force equation. The result of this averaging is an affine connection on the space-time manifold. The corresponding geodesic equation defines the averaged Lorentz force equation. We prove that for ultra-relativistic beams described by narrow distribution functions, the solutions of both equations are similar. This fact justifies the replacement of the Lorentz force equation by the simpler {\\it averaged Lorentz force equation}. After this, for each of these models we associate the corresponding kinetic model, which are based on the Vlasov equation and {\\it averaged Vlasov equation} respectively. The averaged Vlasov equation is simpler than the original Vlasov equation. This fact allows us to prove that the differential operation defining the averaged charged cold fluid equation is controlled by the {\\it diameter of the distribution function}, by powers of the {\\it energy of the beam} and by the time of evolution $t$. We show that the Vlasov equation and the averaged Vlasov equation have similar solutions, when the initial conditions are the same. Finally, as an application of the {\\it averaged Lorentz force equation} we re-derive the beam dynamics formalism used in accelerator physics from the Jacobi equation of the averaged Lorentz force equation.

Ricardo Gallego Torrom

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

309

An evaluation of inductance loop detector lead length and optimal speed trap distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Lead lengths were evaluated with five different design vehicles (large and small passenger cars, a pickup truck, a motorcycle, and a high profile truck) with several detector units. Both passenger cars and the pickup truck were always detected with 4000...

Hamm, Robert Alan

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Experimental study of variations in background radiation and the effect on Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Error rates in a cargo screening system such as the Nuclear Car Wash [1-7] depend on the standard deviation of the background radiation count rate. Because the Nuclear Car Wash is an active interrogation technique, the radiation signal for fissile material must be detected above a background count rate consisting of cosmic, ambient, and neutron-activated radiations. It was suggested previously [1,6] that the Corresponding negative repercussions for the sensitivity of the system were shown. Therefore, to assure the most accurate estimation of the variation, experiments have been performed to quantify components of the actual variance in the background count rate, including variations in generator power, irradiation time, and container contents. The background variance is determined by these experiments to be a factor of 2 smaller than values assumed in previous analyses, resulting in substantially improved projections of system performance for the Nuclear Car Wash.

Church, J; Slaughter, D; Norman, E; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

311

Averaging Spacetime: Where do we go from here?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The construction of an averaged theory of gravity based on Einstein's General Relativity is very difficult due to the non-linear nature of the gravitational field equations. This problem is further exacerbated by the difficulty in defining a mathematically precise covariant averaging procedure for tensor fields over differentiable manifolds. Together, these two ideas have been called the averaging problem for General Relativity. In the first part of the talk, an attempt to review some the various approaches to this problem will be given, highlighting strengths, weaknesses, and commonalities between them. In the second part of the talk, an argument will be made, that if one wishes to develop a well-defined averaging procedure, one may choose to parallel transport along geodesics with respect to the Levi-Cevita connection or, use the Weitzenb\\"ock connection and ensure the transportation is independent of path. The talk concludes with some open questions to generate further discussion.

R. J. van den Hoogen

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

averaged cross sections: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Relations between fusion cross sections and average angular momenta Nuclear Theory (arXiv) Summary: We study...

313

averaged cross section: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Relations between fusion cross sections and average angular momenta Nuclear Theory (arXiv) Summary: We study...

314

THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND FRINGE BENEFIT AVERAGE RATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND FRINGE BENEFIT AVERAGE RATE FY 2015 Allocation Cost or Classified.2% URI Budget & Financial Planning Office 9.17.14 Office:fringebenefits:office of sponsored projects: FY2015 Allocation #12;

Rhode Island, University of

315

average effective dose: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

field theory, Chern-Simons theory is discussed in detail. M. Reuter 1996-02-04 2 Is dark energy an effect of averaging? CERN Preprints Summary: The present standard model of...

316

Probabilistic Wind Speed Forecasting using Ensembles and Bayesian Model Averaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is to issue deterministic forecasts based on numerical weather prediction models. Uncertainty canProbabilistic Wind Speed Forecasting using Ensembles and Bayesian Model Averaging J. Mc discretization than is seen in other weather quantities. The prevailing paradigm in weather forecasting

Washington at Seattle, University of

317

Abstract Interpretation for Worst and Average Case Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy usage whilst bounding the average number of requests waiting to be served. PRISM is used phase extracts a control flow graph ­ for some classes of language this may already involve an abstract

Di Pierro, Alessandra

318

Does anyone have access to 2012 average residential rates by...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Does anyone have access to 2012 average residential rates by utility company? I'm seeing an inconsistency between the OpenEI website and EIA 861 data set. Home > Groups > Utility...

319

average glandular dose: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

doses and cancer rates to the workers m the first Soviet atom-bomb facility, near 2 Chelyabinsk and 4,600 at the plutonium sep- aration plant. If we allow for an average work...

320

areally averaged heat: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chulwoo Jung; Christoph Lehner 2014-02-18 56 The Fallacy of Averages University of Kansas - KU ScholarWorks Summary: of component variables as well, we found that ignoring...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

From average case complexity to improper learning [Extended Abstract  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is that the standard reduc- tions from NP-hard problems do not seem to apply in this context. There is essentially only.1145/2591796.2591820. Keywords Hardness of improper learning, DNFs, Halfspaces, Average Case complexity, CSP problems, Resolution

Linial, Nathan "Nati"

322

average power optical: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

systems, Multiple Subcarrier Strohmer, Thomas 3 June 1, 2000 Vol. 25, No. 11 OPTICS LETTERS 859 16.2-W average power from a diode-pumped Materials Science Websites...

323

Flavor Physics Data from the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG) was established at the May 2002 Flavor Physics and CP Violation Conference in Philadelphia, and continues the LEP Heavy Flavor Steering Group's tradition of providing regular updates to the world averages of heavy flavor quantities. Data are provided by six subgroups that each focus on a different set of heavy flavor measurements: B lifetimes and oscillation parameters, Semi-leptonic B decays, Rare B decays, Unitarity triangle parameters, B decays to charm final states, and Charm Physics.

324

Partial Averaging Near a Resonance in Planetary Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following the general numerical analysis of Melita and Woolfson (1996), I showed in a recent paper that a restricted, planar, circular planetary system consisting of Sun, Jupiter and Saturn would be captured in a near (2:1) resonance when one would allow for frictional dissipation due to interplanetary medium (Haghighipour, 1998). In order to analytically explain this resonance phenomenon, the method of partial averaging near a resonance was utilized and the dynamics of the first-order partially averaged system at resonance was studied. Although in this manner, the finding that resonance lock occurs for all initial relative positions of Jupiter and Saturn was confirmed, the first-order partially averaged system at resonance did not provide a complete picture of the evolutionary dynamics of the system and the similarity between the dynamical behavior of the averaged system and the main planetary system held only for short time intervals. To overcome these limitations, the method of partial averaging near a resonance is extended to the second order of perturbation in this paper and a complete picture of dynamical behavior of the system at resonance is presented. I show in this study that the dynamics of the second-order partially averaged system at resonance resembles the dynamical evolution of the main system during the resonance lock in general, and I present analytical explanations for the evolution of the orbital elements of the main system while captured in resonance.

Nader Haghighipour

1999-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

325

Experimental Validation of a Numerical Controller Using Convex Optimization with Linear Matrix Inequalities on a Quarter-Car Suspension System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the transfer function from the road disturbance to the actuating effort with the change in the sprung mass of the quarter-car system. The quarter-car system makes use of a linear brushless permanent magnet motor (LBPMM) as an actuator, a linear variable...

Chintala, Rohit

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

326

Expression of CAR in SW480 and HepG2 cells during G1 is associated with cell proliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) is a transcription factor to regulate the expression of several genes related to drug-metabolism. Here, we demonstrate that CAR protein accumulates during G1 in human SW480 and HepG2 cells. After the G1/S phase transition, CAR protein levels decreased, and CAR was hardly detected in cells by the late M phase. CAR expression in both cell lines was suppressed by RNA interference-mediated suppression of CDK4. Depletion of CAR by RNA interference in both cells and by hepatocyte growth factor treatment in HepG2 cells resulted in decreased MDM2 expression that led to p21 upregulation and repression of HepG2 cell growth. Thus, our results demonstrate that CAR expression is an early G1 event regulated by CDK4 that contributes to MDM2 expression; these findings suggest that CAR may influence the expression of genes involved in not only the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous substances but also in the cell proliferation.

Osabe, Makoto [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Sugatani, Junko [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Global COE Program, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka (Japan)], E-mail: sugatani@u-shizuoka-ken.ac.jp; Takemura, Akiko; Yamazaki, Yasuhiro; Ikari, Akira [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan); Kitamura, Naomi [Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama (Japan); Negishi, Masahiko [Pharmacogenetics Section, Laboratory of Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Miwa, Masao [Department of Pharmaco-Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526 (Japan)

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

327

Power Electronics Design of a Solar Powered In-car Wireless Tag for Asset Tracking and Parking Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

description Figure 1 shows the system block diagram. Maximum output power of the solar cell is extractedPower Electronics Design of a Solar Powered In-car Wireless Tag for Asset Tracking and Parking and testing of a power conditioning circuit for a solar powered in-car wireless tag for asset tracking

328

of hydrogen-powered cars," he says. But a major hurdle remains: the cost of platinum metal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of hydrogen-powered cars," he says. But a major hurdle remains: the cost of platinum metal needed to make fuel cells efficient. Fuel cells work by combining hydrogen gas with oxygen from the air for hydrogen-powered cars in mass production facilities," says SFU chemistry professor Steve Holdcroft, who

329

ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE (AFV) INFORMATION Over 98% of the U-M auto passenger fleet is flex fuel vehicles (FFV). A FFV is capable of operating on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE (AFV) INFORMATION Over 98% of the U-M auto passenger fleet is flex fuel of both. FFV's are equipped with an engine and fuel system designed specifically to be compatible with ethanol's chemical properties. FFV's qualify as alternative fuel vehicles under the Energy Policy Act

Kirschner, Denise

330

Average Soil Water Retention Curves Measured by Neutron Radiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water retention curves are essential for understanding the hydrologic behavior of partially-saturated porous media and modeling flow transport processes within the vadose zone. In this paper we report direct measurements of the main drying and wetting branches of the average water retention function obtained using 2-dimensional neutron radiography. Flint sand columns were saturated with water and then drained under quasi-equilibrium conditions using a hanging water column setup. Digital images (2048 x 2048 pixels) of the transmitted flux of neutrons were acquired at each imposed matric potential (~10-15 matric potential values per experiment) at the NCNR BT-2 neutron imaging beam line. Volumetric water contents were calculated on a pixel by pixel basis using Beer-Lambert s law after taking into account beam hardening and geometric corrections. To remove scattering effects at high water contents the volumetric water contents were normalized (to give relative saturations) by dividing the drying and wetting sequences of images by the images obtained at saturation and satiation, respectively. The resulting pixel values were then averaged and combined with information on the imposed basal matric potentials to give average water retention curves. The average relative saturations obtained by neutron radiography showed an approximate one-to-one relationship with the average values measured volumetrically using the hanging water column setup. There were no significant differences (at p < 0.05) between the parameters of the van Genuchten equation fitted to the average neutron radiography data and those estimated from replicated hanging water column data. Our results indicate that neutron imaging is a very effective tool for quantifying the average water retention curve.

Cheng, Chu-Lin [ORNL; Perfect, Edmund [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kang, Misun [ORNL; Voisin, Sophie [ORNL; Bilheux, Hassina Z [ORNL; Horita, Juske [Texas Tech University (TTU); Hussey, Dan [NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCRN), Gaithersburg, MD

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Strong permanent magnets provide a backbone technology required many products, including computers, electric cars, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strong permanent magnets provide a backbone technology required many products, including computers, electric cars, and wind-powered generators. Currently, the strongest permanent magnets contain rare earth for most technologies requiring permanent magnets, due to their high energy product and coercivity. However

McQuade, D. Tyler

332

Sacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources Meredith reasons, environmental regulations sometimes treat point source polluters, such as power plants, differently from mobile source polluters, such as vehicles. This paper measures the extent of this regulatory

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

333

Automotive is the domain of `self propelled, motorised vehicles'. Hence, although the car is dominant, the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automotive is the domain of `self propelled, motorised vehicles'. Hence, although the car is dominant, the scope is much wider. And because Automotive Design is always considered in its mobility context, it widens even further. The automotive industry is one of the most complex ones, in terms

334

A Clustering-Assisted Regression (CAR) approach for developing spatial climate data sets in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Clustering-Assisted Regression (CAR) approach for developing spatial climate data sets in China t There is an increasing demand for improving spatial resolution of climate data. However, an increase in resolution does spatial data of monthly mean temperature and monthly precipitation at a national scale in mainland China

Pittendrigh, Barry

335

CRC fuel rating program: road octane performance of oxygenates in 1982 model cars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of the widespread interest in the use of alcohols and ethers as gasoline blending components, this program was conducted to evaluate the effects of several oxygenates on gasoline octane performance and to evaluate the effects of car design features such as engine and transmission type. Five oxygenates were evaluated at two nominal concentrations, 5 and 10 volume%, at both regular- and premium-grade octane levels: methanol (MeOH), ethanol (ETOH), isopropanol (IPA), tertiary butanol (TBA), and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE). A blend of 5% MeOH and 5 percent TBA was also tested at both octane levels. Twenty-eight unleaded fuels, including four hydrocarbon fuels, two hydrocarbon fuels plus toluene, and twenty-two oxygenated fuels, were rated in duplicate in thirty-eight cars using the Modified Uniontown Technique (CRC Designation F-28-75 described in Appendix C), plus some additional instructions. All testing was done on chassis dynamometers. Ratings were obtained at full throttle with all thirty-eight cars, and at the most critical part-throttle condition (occurring with manifold vacuum of 4 in. Hg (13.5 kPa) or greater above the full-throttle vacuum) with nine cars.

Not Available

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions Cars (Behavioral Focus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Source(s) and Amounts Provided (by each agency or organization) USDOT $34,618.33 Total Project Cost $34Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions ­ Cars (Behavioral Focus Description of Research Project The purpose of this review is to provide energy and environment policy makers

California at Davis, University of

337

LIVE CARS FOR USE IN CATFISH INDUSTRY Donald C. ,r nland, Rob rt L. ..rill,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to deep water, or set adjacent to a well head for holding fish. Haul trucks can be scheduled more easily to loading sit s or shift d to saf areas for holding. When us d along Ith a haul Sf ine, pulling accurately because fish in properly staked live cars do not escape and can be harvested before truck arrives

338

Capstone Senior Design 2012-13 EcoCAR2: Mechanical (1) Thomas Bradley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CAR2: Energy Storage (5) Thomas Bradley Formula SAE (6) Jack Clark/ Mitchell Stansloski Human Powered:Contin.Flow Ultrasonic Microalgae Harvesting Sys. (24)Anthony Marchese HydroTechnologies: Remote Operated Vehicle (25, construct, test, and install a vehicle control system Optimize energy management strategy while

339

Sacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

asymmetry in the case of nitrogen oxides (NOx), the most recalcitrant criteria air pollutant in the UnitedSacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources Meredith, differently from mobile-source polluters, such as vehicles. This paper measures the extent of this regulatory

Fowlie, Meredith

340

Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2010 Shell Eco-Marathon Car Design Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gallon of gasoline. · Using renewable sources of electrical energy such as solar, wind, and water would strongly considered in the vehicle design. · Various patents on energy dense batteries at the budget of $1,010.00. · The car would be able to drive from New York City to Los Angeles using less than 1

Demirel, Melik C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Design Technical Brief A Geometric Path Planner for Car-like  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Mechanical Design Technical Brief A Geometric Path Planner for Car-like Robots Shiang a refined slabbing method, originally used for free-flying robots, for finding efficient paths for nonholo- nomic robots. Our method takes kinematic constraints and rever- sal maneuvers into account. We create

Deng, Jiansong

342

NONLINEAR TRACKING CONTROL OF A CAR-LIKE MOBILE ROBOT VIA DYNAMIC FEEDBACK LINEARIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NONLINEAR TRACKING CONTROL OF A CAR-LIKE MOBILE ROBOT VIA DYNAMIC FEEDBACK LINEARIZATION Erfu Yang Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan Keywords: Nonlinear tracking control, Mobile robot behaviour for mobile robots. This paper addresses the nonlinear trajectory tracking control problem

Hu, Huosheng

343

THE JOURNAL OF WORLD TRANSPORT POLICY & PRACTICE 10. CarLink -A smart carsharing system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shaheen, CarLink Project Manager Editor's Note: The author of this piece is today intensely involved, here she is as entrepreneur and managerbehind an ambitious carsharing project. This is a report on the first months of their experience and goals for the future. Introduction Carsharing organizations, which

Kammen, Daniel M.

344

a space for you to enjoy Direction and location of car park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a space for you to enjoy Direction and location of car park: Jeskyns Community Woodland, Henhurst. Wildlife Protect and respect our wildlife, plants and trees. riders #12;Jeskyns, a space to play, relax, exercise, watch, learn, dream, explore, enjoy. A special space from the past, for the present

345

Homing a Teleoperated Car using Monocular SLAM Nuno Ribeiro, Ricardo Ferreira, Jos Gaspar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

possible the communication between the user's pc, the Axis camera and the Arduino; and (iii) Design- ing and Software Setup A car is assembled based in a network (IP) camera, one Arduino Uno, one Motor Shield and two with the objective of processing user's instructions and sends the corresponding signals to the Arduino board. Once

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

346

Sound-insulation layer modelling in car computational vibroacoustics in the medium-frequency range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound-insulation layer modelling in car computational vibroacoustics in the medium-frequency range In a previous article, a simplified low- and medium-frequency model for un- certain automotive sound-insulation. In this paper, the insulation simplified model is implemented in an in- dustrial stochastic vibroacoustic model

Boyer, Edmond

347

Reducible representations of CAR and CCR with possible applications to field quantization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducible representations of CAR and CCR are applied to second quantization of Dirac and Maxwell fields. The resulting field operators are indeed operators and not operator-valued distributions. Examples show that the formalism may lead to a finite quantum field theory.

Marek Czachor

2003-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

348

Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power By Merrian C. Fuller of the Inter- governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Thus far much of the effort has been focused, such as improving energy efficiency and add- ing solar photovoltaics (PV) and solar thermal systems to buildings

Kammen, Daniel M.

349

CARS, GAS, AND POLLUTION POLICIES Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS, GAS, AND POLLUTION POLICIES Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes, reduc- ing automobile-related gasoline consumption has become a major U.S. public policy issue. Recently, many analysts have called for new or more stringent policies to discourage gasoline consumption

Boyer, Edmond

350

Vibrotactile Feedback in Steering Wheel Reduces Navigation Errors during GPS-Guided Car Driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vibration motors are mounted onto the steering wheel of a driving simulator and driving experiments-based car navigation system to improve the navigation performance of a driver. In [5], vibration motors were auditory noise and distraction exist in the environment, the navigation errors (making a wrong turn

Basdogan, Cagatay

351

Two Billion Cars: What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

April 13, 2009: Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis, presents the next installment of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Divisions Distinguished Lecture series. He discusses Two Billion Cars and What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy.

Daniel Sperling

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

352

| Link to Us | or Ads by Google Biomedical Nano Sensor Review Nano Nano Market Car Nano  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

| Link to Us | or Ads by Google Biomedical Nano Sensor Review Nano Nano Market Car Nano Printer are important for energy techno accurate sensors for hydrogen. These structures were developed from a concept Glass From Sugar (but Hold the Sand) Posted: Apr 3rd, 2007 Atomistic model helps students visualize

Rogers, John A.

353

Simulative Evaluation of a UMTS-based Car-to-Infrastructure Traffic Information System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to that of direct radio links. A key question asked about an infrastructure-based C2I communication systemSimulative Evaluation of a UMTS-based Car-to-Infrastructure Traffic Information System (Invited are heavily dependent on high market penetration or infrastructure support. Third-generation (3G) networks

Breu, Ruth

354

User-centered Development of a Visual Exploration System for In-Car Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Benjamin Kunze, Wolfgang Hintermaier, and Andreas Butz BMW Group Research and Technology, Munich, Germany Media Informatics Group, University of Munich, Germany {michael.sedlmair,benjamin.kunze,wolfgang.hintermaier}@bmw, industrial environment for the diagnosis of in-car communication. The fact that this is a true expert domain

355

Natural and Intuitive Multimodal Dialogue for In-Car Applications: The SAMMIE System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a simulated environment yielded positive results, and the improved final version will be integrated in a BMW in the TALK project5 in cooperation between DFKI/USAAR/BOSCH/BMW, to show nat- ural, intuitive mixed-car showcase developed in cooperation between DFKI/USAAR/BOSCH/BMW. The design of the SAMMIE system is based

Pinkal, Manfred

356

In-car Interaction using Search-Based User Interfaces Stefan Graf1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schmidt2 , Anneke Winter1 and Gerhard Rigoll3 1 BMW Group Research and Technology, Hanauer Str. 46, D-80788 München, {stefan.graf, wolfgang.spiessl}@bmw.de 2 Universität Duisburg-Essen Pervasive Computing, with personal data into the car environment. Access to personal contacts, address, and entertainment has become

357

Time-course comparison of xenobiotic activators of CAR and PPAR{alpha} in mouse liver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR){alpha} are transcription factors known to be primary mediators of liver effects, including carcinogenesis, by phenobarbital-like compounds and peroxisome proliferators, respectively, in rodents. Many similarities exist in the phenotypes elicited by these two classes of agents in rodent liver, and we hypothesized that the initial transcriptional responses to the xenobiotic activators of CAR and PPAR{alpha} will exhibit distinct patterns, but at later time-points these biological pathways will converge. In order to capture the global transcriptional changes that result from activation of these nuclear receptors over a time-course in the mouse liver, microarray technology was used. First, differences in basal expression of liver genes between C57Bl/6J wild-type and Car-null mice were examined and 14 significantly differentially expressed genes were identified. Next, mice were treated with phenobarbital (100 mg/kg by gavage for 24 h, or 0.085% w/w diet for 7 or 28 days), and liver gene expression changes with regards to both time and treatment were identified. While several pathways related to cellular proliferation and metabolism were affected by phenobarbital in wild-type mice, no significant changes in gene expression were found over time in the Car-nulls. Next, we determined commonalities and differences in the temporal response to phenobarbital and WY-14,643, a prototypical activator of PPAR {alpha}. Gene expression signatures from livers of wild-type mice C57Bl6/J mice treated with PB or WY-14,643 were compared. Similar pathways were affected by both compounds; however, considerable time-related differences were present. This study establishes common gene expression fingerprints of exposure to activators of CAR and PPAR{alpha} in rodent liver and demonstrates that despite similar phenotypic changes, molecular pathways differ between classes of chemical carcinogens.

Ross, Pamela K. [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Woods, Courtney G. [Hamner Institutes for Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); ExxonMobil Biomedical Sciences, Annandale, NJ (United States); Bradford, Blair U.; Kosyk, Oksana; Gatti, Daniel M. [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Cunningham, Michael L. [National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Rusyn, Ivan [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)], E-mail: iir@unc.edu

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

An Epi-Detected Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (E-CARS) Microscope with High Spectral Resolution and High Sensitivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS An Epi-Detected Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (E-CARS) Microscope with High-detected coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (E-CARS) microscope that uses two synchronized picosecond pulse (CARS) microscopy provides a unique approach to imaging chemical and biological samples by using

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

359

Averaged equations for Josephson junction series arrays with LRC load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the averaged equations describing a series array of Josephson junctions shunted by a parallel inductor-resistor-capacitor load. We assume that the junctions have negligable capacitance ($\\beta = 0$), and derive averaged equations which turn out to be completely tractable: in particular the stability of both in-phase and splay states depends on a single parameter, $\\del$. We find an explicit expression for $\\delta$ in terms of the load parameters and the bias current. We recover (and refine) a common claim found in the technical literature, that the in-phase state is stable for inductive loads and unstable for capacitive loads.

Kurt Wiesenfeld; James W. Swift

1994-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

360

Using Bayesian Model Averaging to Calibrate Forecast Ensembles 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Bayesian Model Averaging to Calibrate Forecast Ensembles 1 Adrian E. Raftery, Fadoua forecasting often exhibit a spread-skill relationship, but they tend to be underdispersive. This paper of PDFs centered around the individual (possibly bias-corrected) forecasts, where the weights are equal

Washington at Seattle, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Disk-averaged Spectra & light-curves of Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We are using computer models to explore the observational sensitivity to changes in atmospheric and surface properties, and the detectability of biosignatures, in the globally averaged spectra and light-curves of the Earth. Using AIRS (Atmospheric Infrared Sounder) data, as input for atmospheric and surface properties, we have generated spatially resolved high-resolution synthetic spectra using the SMART radiative transfer model, for a variety of conditions, from the UV to the far-IR (beyond the range of current Earth-based satellite data). We have then averaged over the visible disk for a number of different viewing geometries to quantify the sensitivity to surface types and atmospheric features as a function of viewing geometry, and spatial and spectral resolution. These results have been processed with an instrument simulator to improve our understanding of the detectable characteristics of Earth-like planets as viewed by the first generation extrasolar terrestrial planet detection and characterization missions (Terrestrial Planet Finder/Darwin and Life finder). The wavelength range of our results are modelled over are applicable to both the proposed visible coronograph and mid-infrared interferometer TPF architectures. We have validated this model against disk-averaged observations by the Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer (MGS TES). This model was also used to analyze Earth-shine data for detectability of planetary characteristics and biosignatures in disk-averaged spectra.

G. Tinetti; V. S. Meadows; D. Crisp; W. Fong; N. Kiang; E. Fishbein; T. Velusamy; E. Bosc; M. Turnbull

2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

362

HIGH AVERAGE POWER UV FREE ELECTRON LASER EXPERIMENTS AT JLAB  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Having produced 14 kW of average power at {approx}2 microns, JLAB has shifted its focus to the ultraviolet portion of the spectrum. This presentation will describe the JLab UV Demo FEL, present specifics of its driver ERL, and discuss the latest experimental results from FEL experiments and machine operations.

Douglas, David; Evtushenko, Pavel; Gubeli, Joseph; Hernandez-Garcia, Carlos; Legg, Robert; Neil, George; Powers, Thomas; Shinn, Michelle D; Tennant, Christopher

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

averaged lorentz dynamics: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

averaged lorentz dynamics First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Dynamics on Lorentz manifolds...

364

Probabilistic Wind Speed Forecasting Using Ensembles and Bayesian Model Averaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution; Numerical weather prediction; Skewed distribution; Truncated data; Wind energy. 1. INTRODUCTION- native. Purely statistical methods have been applied to short-range forecasts for wind speed only a fewProbabilistic Wind Speed Forecasting Using Ensembles and Bayesian Model Averaging J. Mc

Raftery, Adrian

365

average energy losses: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

average energy losses First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Comparing energy loss...

366

average specific absorption: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

average specific absorption First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Original Research Specific...

367

IE 361 Module 15 The Average Run Length Concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IE 361 Module 15 The Average Run Length Concept Reading: Section 3.5 of Statistical Quality Assurance Methods for Engineers Prof. Steve Vardeman and Prof. Max Morris Iowa State University Vardeman Electric set of alarm rules to a control charting scheme? The most e¤ective means known for making

Vardeman, Stephen B.

368

A Multivariate Moving Average Control Chart for Photovoltaic Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AbstractFor the electrical metrics that describe photovoltaic cell performance are inherently multivariate in nature, use of a univariate, or one variable, statistical process control chart can have important limitations. Development of a comprehensive process control strategy is known to be significantly beneficial to reducing process variability that ultimately drives up the manufacturing cost photovoltaic cells. The multivariate moving average or MMA chart, is applied to the electrical metrics of photovoltaic cells to illustrate the improved sensitivity on process variability this method of control charting offers. The result show the ability of the MMA chart to expand to as any variables as needed, suggests an application with multiple photovoltaic electrical metrics being used in concert to determine the processes state of control. KeywordsThe multivariate moving average control chart, Photovoltaic processes control, Multivariate system. I.

Chunchom Pongchavalit

369

Better than Average? - Green Building Certification in International Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. An Enterprise of the Ebert-Consulting Group 1004 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE Washington, D.C. 20003, USA 00 12 02/ 6 08 - 13 34 o.baumann@eb-engineers.com Better than Average? - Green Building Certification in International Projects Green Building..., green building rating systems focus on sustainability for the entire life-cycle of buildings and therefore offer great opportunities for enhancing building operation, when applied and used appropriately. This presentation gives an overview...

Baumann, O.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A holographic proof of the averaged null energy condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The averaged null energy conditions (ANEC) states that, along a complete null curve, the negative energy fluctuations of a quantum field must be balanced by positive energy fluctuations. We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to prove the ANEC for a class of strongly coupled conformal field theories in flat spacetime. A violation of the ANEC in the field theory would lead to acausal propagation of signals in the bulk.

William R. Kelly; Aron C. Wall

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

371

Average dynamics of a finite set of coupled phase oscillators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the solutions of a dynamical system describing the average activity of an infinitely large set of driven coupled excitable units. We compared their topological organization with that reconstructed from the numerical integration of finite sets. In this way, we present a strategy to establish the pertinence of approximating the dynamics of finite sets of coupled nonlinear units by the dynamics of its infinitely large surrogate.

Dima, Germn C., E-mail: gdima@df.uba.ar; Mindlin, Gabriel B. [Laboratorio de Sistemas Dinmicos, IFIBA y Departamento de Fsica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabelln 1, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Laboratorio de Sistemas Dinmicos, IFIBA y Departamento de Fsica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabelln 1, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Estimate of average freeze-out volume in multifragmentation events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An estimate of the average freeze-out volume for multifragmentation events is presented. Values of volumes are obtained by means of a simulation using the experimental charged product partitions measured by the 4pi multidetector INDRA for 129Xe central collisions on Sn at 32 AMeV incident energy. The input parameters of the simulation are tuned by means of the comparison between the experimental and simulated velocity (or energy) spectra of particles and fragments.

Piantelli, S; Borderie, B; Bougault, R; Chbihi, A; Dayras, R; Durand, D; Frankland, J D; Galchet, E; Guinet, D; Lanzalone, G; Lautesse, P; Le Neindre, N; Lpez, O; Prlog, M; Rivet, M F; Rosato, E; Tamain, B; Vient, E; Vigilante, M; Volant, C; Wieleczko, J P

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars: Applied Engineering (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Summer Lecture Series 2004: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

Hopkins, Deb

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

374

The CHANDRA HETGS X-ray Grating Spectrum of Eta Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eta Car may be the most massive and luminous star in the Galaxy and is suspected to be a massive, colliding wind binary system. The CHANDRA X-ray observatory has obtained a calibrated, high-resolution X-ray spectrum of the star uncontaminated by the nearby extended soft X-ray emisssion. Our 89 ksec CHANDRA observation with the High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer (HETGS) shows that the hot gas near the star is non-isothermal. The temperature distribution may represent the emission on either side of the colliding wind bow shock, effectively ``resolving'' the shock. If so, the pre-shock wind velocities are ~ 700 and ~ 1800 km/s in our analysis, and these velocities may be interpreted as the terminal velocities of the winds from Eta Car and from the hidden companion star. The forbidden-to-intercombination (f/i) line ratios for the He-like ions of S, Si and Fe are large, indicating that the line forming region lies far from the stellar photosphere. The iron fluorescent line at 1.93 Angstrom, first detected by ASCA, is clearly resolved from the thermal iron line in the CHANDRA grating spectrum. The Fe fluorescent line is weaker in our CHANDRA observation than in any of the ASCA spectra. The CHANDRA observation also provides an uninterrupted high-time resolution lightcurve of the stellar X-ray emission from Eta Car and suggests that there was no significant, coherent variability during the CHANDRA observation. The Eta Car CHANDRA grating spectrum is unlike recently published X-ray grating spectra of single massive stars in significant ways and is generally consistent with colliding wind emission in a massive binary.

M. F. Corcoran; J. H. Swank; R. Petre; K. Ishibashi; K. Davidson; L. Townsley; R. Smith; S. White; R. Viotti; A. Damineli

2001-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

375

FINDING {eta} CAR ANALOGS IN NEARBY GALAXIES USING SPITZER. I. CANDIDATE SELECTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The late-stage evolution of the most massive stars such as {eta} Carinae is controlled by the effects of mass loss, which may be dominated by poorly understood eruptive mass ejections. Understanding this population is challenging because no true analogs of {eta} Car have been clearly identified in the Milky Way or other galaxies. We utilize Spitzer IRAC images of seven nearby ({approx}< 4 Mpc) galaxies to search for such analogs. We find 34 candidates with a flat or rising mid-IR spectral energy distributions toward longer mid-infrared wavelengths that emit >10{sup 5} L{sub Sun} in the IRAC bands (3.6 to 8.0 {mu}m) and are not known to be background sources. Based on our estimates for the expected number of background sources, we expect that follow-up observations will show that most of these candidates are not dust enshrouded massive stars, with an expectation of only 6 {+-} 6 surviving candidates. Since we would detect true analogs of {eta} Car for roughly 200 years post-eruption, this implies that the rate of eruptions like {eta} Car is less than the core-collapse supernova rate. It is possible, however, that every M > 40 M{sub Sun} star undergoes such eruptions given our initial results. In Paper II we will characterize the candidates through further analysis and follow-up observations, and there is no barrier to increasing the galaxy sample by an order of magnitude. The primary limitation of the present search is that Spitzer's resolution limits us to the shorter wavelength IRAC bands. With the James Webb Space Telescope, such surveys can be carried out at the far more optimal wavelengths of 10-30 {mu}m, allowing identification of {eta} Car analogs for millennia rather than centuries post-eruption.

Khan, Rubab; Stanek, K. Z.; Kochanek, C. S., E-mail: khan@astronomy.ohio-state.edu, E-mail: kstanek@astronomy.ohio-state.edu, E-mail: ckochanek@astronomy.ohio-state.edu [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

376

Chaotic Vibration of a Quarter-Car Model Excited by the Road Surface Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Melnikov criterion is used to examine a global homoclinic bifurcation and transition to chaos in the case of a quarter car model excited kinematically by the road surface profile. By analyzing the potential an analytic expression is found for the homoclinic orbit. By introducing an harmonic excitation term and damping as perturbations, the critical Melnikov amplitude of the road surface profile is found, above which the system can vibrate chaotically.

Grzegorz Litak; Marek Borowiec; Michael I. Friswell; Kazimierz Szabelski

2006-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

377

The rotation speed of the companion star in V395 Car (=2S0921--630)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have obtained high resolution optical spectroscopy of the accretion disc corona source 2S0921--630 (=V395 Car) that constrains the spectral type of the companion star to be most probably K0III. At 6500A the secondary star is found to contribute ~25% to the observed flux. The absorption line spectrum of the K0III companion star is broadened (compared to template stars) by a projected rotational velocity of 65+/-9 km/s (1 sigma).

T. Shahbaz; E. Kuulkers; P. A. Charles; F. van der Hooft; J. Casares; J. van Paradijs

1998-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

378

A forgotten episode of the $?~Car$ light curve in 1860-1865  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have found previously unreported observations of the galactic Luminous Blue Variable $\\eta ~Car$ covering the period 1860-1865. Contrary to the current belief, these data suggest that the star reached the first magnitude in 1860-1862, with possible large luminosity fluctuations, followed by a steep fading in 1865. A revised historical light curve of this most interesting object is given. Paper in press in Astronomy and Astrophysics.

V. F. Polcaro; R. Viotti

1993-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

379

Car Make and Model Recognition using 3D Curve Alignment Krishnan Ramnath, Sudipta N. Sinha, Richard Szeliski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Steps in constructing our 3D car model for a 2011 Honda Civic Sedan: (top) three of the images used to generate the visual hull; (middle) the visual hull; (bottom) 3D space curves projected onto the visual hull

Gupta, Abhinav

380

A car-borne highly sensitive near-IR diode-laser methane detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A highly sensitive automated car-borne detector for measuring methane concentration in real time is designed, developed and tested under laboratory and field conditions. Measurements were made with the help of an uncooled tunable near-IR 1.65-{mu}m laser diode. The detector consists of a multipass optical cell with a 45-m long optical path and a base length of 0.5 m. The car-borne detector is intended for monitoring the methane concentration in air from the moving car to reveal the leakage of domestic gas. The sensitivity limit (standard deviation) under field conditions is 1 ppm (20 ppb under laboratory conditions) for a measuring time of 0.4 s. The measuring technique based on the detection of a single methane line ensured a high selectivity of methane detector relative to other gases. The methane detector can be easily modified for measuring other simple-molecule gases (e.g., CO, CO{sub 2}, HF, NO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O) by replacing the diode laser and varying the parameters of the control program. (special issue devoted to the memory of academician a m prokhorov)

Berezin, A G; Ershov, Oleg V; Shapovalov, Yu P [Natural Science Center, A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2003-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

DISCOVERY OF FAST, LARGE-AMPLITUDE OPTICAL VARIABILITY OF V648 Car (=SS73-17)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the discovery of large-amplitude flickering from V648 Car (= SS73-17), a poorly studied object listed among the very few hard X-ray-emitting symbiotic stars. We performed millimagnitude precision optical photometry with the Swope Telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory, Chile, and found that V648 Car shows large U-band variability over timescales of minutes. To our knowledge, it exhibits some of the largest flickering of a symbiotic star ever reported. Our finding supports the hypothesis that symbiotic white dwarfs producing hard X-rays are predominantly powered by accretion, rather than quasi-steady nuclear burning, and have masses close to the Chandrasekhar limit. No significant periodicity is evident from the flickering light curve. The All Sky Automated Survey long-term V light curve suggests the presence of a tidally distorted giant accreting via Roche lobe overflow, and a binary period of {approx}520 days. On the basis of the outstanding physical properties of V648 Car as hinted at by its fast and long-term optical variability, as well as by its nature as a hard X-ray emitter, we therefore call for simultaneous follow-up observations in different bands, ideally combined with time-resolved optical spectroscopy.

Angeloni, R. [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuna Mackenna 4860, 7820436 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Di Mille, F. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, The University of Sydney, 44-70 Rosehill Street, Redfern, NSW 2016 (Australia); Ferreira Lopes, C. E. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Campus Universitario, Lagoa Nova, CEP 59078-970 Natal/RN (Brazil); Masetti, N., E-mail: rangelon@astro.puc.cl, E-mail: fdimille@aao.gov.au, E-mail: carlos_eduardo@dfte.ufrn.br, E-mail: masetti@iasfbo.inaf.it [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Bologna, via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

V474 Car: A RARE HALO RS CVn BINARY IN RETROGRADE GALACTIC ORBIT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the discovery that the star V474 Car is an extremely active, high velocity halo RS CVn system. The star was originally identified as a possible pre-main-sequence star in Carina, given its enhanced stellar activity, rapid rotation (10.3 days), enhanced Li, and absolute magnitude which places it above the main sequence (MS). However, its extreme radial velocity (264 km s{sup -1}) suggested that this system was unlike any previously known pre-MS system. Our detailed spectroscopic analysis of echelle spectra taken with the CTIO 4 m finds that V474 Car is both a spectroscopic binary with an orbital period similar to the photometric rotation period and metal-poor ([Fe/H] {approx_equal}-0.99). The star's Galactic orbit is extremely eccentric (e {approx_equal} 0.93) with a perigalacticon of only {approx}0.3 kpc of the Galactic center-and the eccentricity and smallness of its perigalacticon are surpassed by only {approx}0.05% of local F/G-type field stars. The observed characteristics are consistent with V474 Car being a high-velocity, metal-poor, tidally locked, chromospherically active binary, i.e., a halo RS CVn binary, and one of only a few such specimens known.

Bubar, Eric J.; Mamajek, Eric E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627-0171 (United States); Jensen, Eric L. N. [Swarthmore College, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081 (United States); Walter, Frederick M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Fig. 3. Averaged PSF of a whole eye without immersion (a), compared to average eye with corneal immersion (b). The degradation using immersion is mostly caused by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fig. 3. Averaged PSF of a whole eye without immersion (a), compared to average eye with corneal of the complete eye was calculated by the averaged Zernike coefficients measured on 532 eyes. All PSFs were). The PSFs were calculated by averaging Zernike coefficients measured from 228 eyes. Both PSFs were

Ribak, Erez

384

Average Fe K-alpha emission from distant AGN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the most important parameters in the XRB (X-ray background) synthesis models is the average efficiency of accretion onto SMBH (super-massive black holes). This can be inferred from the shape of broad relativistic Fe lines seen in X-ray spectra of AGN (active galactic nuclei). Several studies have tried to measure the mean Fe emission properties of AGN at different depths with very different results. We compute the mean Fe emission from a large and representative sample of AGN X-ray spectra up to redshift ~ 3.5. We developed a method of computing the rest-frame X-ray average spectrum and applied it to a large sample (more than 600 objects) of type 1 AGN from two complementary medium sensitivity surveys based on XMM-Newton data, the AXIS and XWAS samples. This method makes use of medium-to-low quality spectra without needing to fit complex models to the individual spectra but with computing a mean spectrum for the whole sample. Extensive quality tests were performed by comparing real to simulated data, and a significance for the detection of any feature over an underlying continuum was derived. We detect with a 99.9% significance an unresolved Fe K-alpha emission line around 6.4 keV with an EW ~ 90 eV, but we find no compelling evidence of any significant broad relativistic emission line in the final average spectrum. Deviations from a power law around the narrow line are best represented by a reflection component arising from cold or low-ionization material. We estimate an upper limit for the EW of any relativistic line of 400 eV at a 3 sigma confidence level. We also marginally detect the so-called Iwasawa-Taniguchi effect on the EW for the unresolved emission line, which appears weaker for higher luminosity AGN.

A. Corral; M. J. Page; F. J. Carrera; X. Barcons; S. Mateos; J. Ebrero; M. Krumpe; A. Schwope; J. A. Tedds; M. G. Watson

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

385

Hilbert Space Average Method and adiabatic quantum search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss some aspects related to the so-called Hilbert space Average Method, as an alternative to describe the dynamics of open quantum systems. First we present a derivation of the method which does not make use of the algebra satisfied by the operators involved in the dynamics, and extend the method to systems subject to a Hamiltonian that changes with time. Next we examine the performance of the adiabatic quantum search algorithm with a particular model for the environment. We relate our results to the criteria discussed in the literature for the validity of the above-mentioned method for similar environments.

A. Perez

2009-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

386

W. R. Johnson An Average-Atom Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W. R. Johnson An Average-Atom Model h0 - Z r + V (r) a(r) = aa(r) potential: V (r) = (r )/R d - (3) d 1 + exp[( - µ)/kT ] P 2 (r) norm: Z = R 0 4r 2 (r) dr ­ ND ­ 04/02 1 #12;W. R. Johnson Electron-Fermi contributions to continuum ­ ND ­ 04/02 2 #12;W. R. Johnson Phase shifts: Al - T=10eV 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 electron

Johnson, Walter R.

387

Table 14b. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystallineForeign ObjectOUR Table 1. Summary statistics for0b. Average

388

Historical Average Priority Firm Power Rates (rates/previous)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas in theinPlasticsreduction .HistoricHistorical Average

389

Table 14b. Average Electricity Prices, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECS Survey Data9c : U.S.Welcome to the1,033 15:b.b. Average

390

Table 17. Average Price of U.S. Coke Exports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781 2,328AdministrationReleaseMetallurgical Coal Exports byAverage

391

Table 22. Average Price of U.S. Coke Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781 2,328AdministrationReleaseMetallurgical Coal ExportsPriceAverage

392

Table 8. Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781 2,328AdministrationReleaseMetallurgical CoalAverage Price

393

Yearly average performance of the principal solar collector types  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of hour-by-hour simulations for 26 meteorological stations are used to derive universal correlations for the yearly total energy that can be delivered by the principal solar collector types: flat plate, evacuated tubes, CPC, single- and dual-axis tracking collectors, and central receiver. The correlations are first- and second-order polynomials in yearly average insolation, latitude, and threshold (= heat loss/optical efficiency). With these correlations, the yearly collectible energy can be found by multiplying the coordinates of a single graph by the collector parameters, which reproduces the results of hour-by-hour simulations with an accuracy (rms error) of 2% for flat plates and 2% to 4% for concentrators. This method can be applied to collectors that operate year-around in such a way that no collected energy is discarded, including photovoltaic systems, solar-augmented industrial process heat systems, and solar thermal power systems. The method is also recommended for rating collectors of different type or manufacturer by yearly average performance, evaluating the effects of collector degradation, the benefits of collector cleaning, and the gains from collector improvements (due to enhanced optical efficiency or decreased heat loss per absorber surface). For most of these applications, the method is accurate enough to replace a system simulation.

Rabl, A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Average Fe K-alpha emission from distant AGN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the most important parameters in the XRB (X-ray background) synthesis models is the average efficiency of accretion onto SMBH (super-massive black holes). This can be inferred from the shape of broad relativistic Fe lines seen in X-ray spectra of AGN (active galactic nuclei). Several studies have tried to measure the mean Fe emission properties of AGN at different depths with very different results. We compute the mean Fe emission from a large and representative sample of AGN X-ray spectra up to redshift ~ 3.5. We developed a method of computing the rest-frame X-ray average spectrum and applied it to a large sample (more than 600 objects) of type 1 AGN from two complementary medium sensitivity surveys based on XMM-Newton data, the AXIS and XWAS samples. This method makes use of medium-to-low quality spectra without needing to fit complex models to the individual spectra but with computing a mean spectrum for the whole sample. Extensive quality tests were performed by comparing real to simulated data, a...

Corral, A; Carrera, F J; Barcons, X; Mateos, S; Ebrero, J; Krumpe, M; Schwope, A; Tedds, J A; Watson, M G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Plasma dynamics and a significant error of macroscopic averaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The methods of macroscopic averaging used to derive the macroscopic Maxwell equations from electron theory are methodologically incorrect and lead in some cases to a substantial error. For instance, these methods do not take into account the existence of a macroscopic electromagnetic field EB, HB generated by carriers of electric charge moving in a thin layer adjacent to the boundary of the physical region containing these carriers. If this boundary is impenetrable for charged particles, then in its immediate vicinity all carriers are accelerated towards the inside of the region. The existence of the privileged direction of acceleration results in the generation of the macroscopic field EB, HB. The contributions to this field from individual accelerated particles are described with a sufficient accuracy by the Lienard-Wiechert formulas. In some cases the intensity of the field EB, HB is significant not only for deuteron plasma prepared for a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction but also for electron plasma in conductors at room temperatures. The corrected procedures of macroscopic averaging will induce some changes in the present form of plasma dynamics equations. The modified equations will help to design improved systems of plasma confinement.

Marek A. Szalek

2005-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

396

Average System Cost Methodology : Administrator's Record of Decision.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant features of average system cost (ASC) methodology adopted are: retention of the jurisdictional approach where retail rate orders of regulartory agencies provide primary data for computing the ASC for utilities participating in the residential exchange; inclusion of transmission costs; exclusion of construction work in progress; use of a utility's weighted cost of debt securities; exclusion of income taxes; simplification of separation procedures for subsidized generation and transmission accounts from other accounts; clarification of ASC methodology rules; more generous review timetable for individual filings; phase-in of reformed methodology; and each exchanging utility must file under the new methodology within 20 days of implementation by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission of the ten major participating utilities, the revised ASC will substantially only affect three. (PSB)

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

REVISITING THE SOLAR TACHOCLINE: AVERAGE PROPERTIES AND TEMPORAL VARIATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tachocline is believed to be the region where the solar dynamo operates. With over a solar cycle's worth of data available from the Michelson Doppler Imager and Global Oscillation Network Group instruments, we are in a position to investigate not merely the average structure of the solar tachocline, but also its time variations. We determine the properties of the tachocline as a function of time by fitting a two-dimensional model that takes latitudinal variations of the tachocline properties into account. We confirm that if we consider the central position of the tachocline, it is prolate. Our results show that the tachocline is thicker at latitudes higher than the equator, making the overall shape of the tachocline more complex. Of the tachocline properties examined, the transition of the rotation rate across the tachocline, and to some extent the position of the tachocline, show some temporal variations.

Antia, H. M. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India); Basu, Sarbani, E-mail: antia@tifr.res.in, E-mail: sarbani.basu@yale.edu [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States)

2011-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

398

Asteroseismological studies of three Beta Cephei stars: IL Vel, V433 Car and KZ Mus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have acquired between 127 and 150 h of time-resolved multicolour photometry for each of the three Beta Cephei stars IL Vel, V433 Car and KZ Mus over a time span of four months from two observatories. All three objects are multiperiodic with at least three modes of pulsation. Mode identification from the relative colour amplitudes is performed. We obtain unambiguous results for the two highest-amplitude modes of IL Vel (both are l=1) and the three strongest modes of KZ Mus (l=2,0 and 1), but none for V433 Car. Spectroscopy shows the latter star to be a fast rotator (v sin i = 240 km/s), whereas the other two have moderate v sin i (65 and 47 km/s, respectively). We performed model calculations with the Warsaw-New Jersey stellar evolution and pulsation code. We find that IL Vel is an object of about 12 Msun in the second half of its main sequence evolutionary track. Its two dipole modes are most likely rotationally split components of the mode originating as p1 on the ZAMS; one of these modes is m=0. V433 Car is suggested to be an unevolved 13 Msun star just entering the Beta Cephei instability strip. KZ Mus seems less massive (about 12.7 Msun) and somewhat more evolved, and its radial mode is probably the fundamental one. In this case its quadrupole mode would be the one originating as g1, and its dipole mode would be p1. It is suggested that mode identification of slowly rotating Beta Cephei stars based on photometric colour amplitudes is reliable; we estimate that a relative accuracy of 3% in the amplitudes is sufficient for unambiguous identifications. Due to the good agreement of our theoretical and observational results we conclude that the prospects for asteroseismology of multiperiodic slowly rotating Beta Cephei star are good.

G. Handler; R. R. Shobbrook; F. F. Vuthela; L. A. Balona; F. Rodler; T. Tshenye

2003-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

399

by car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From "South" to Purdue Union Club Hotel: Take I65-North, exit to St. Rd. 26-west;; drive a few miles on Rd. 26, across the Wabash river, go up the hill to Purdue...

400

An Efficient and Accurate Car-Parrinello-like Approach to Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new method which combines Car-Parrinello and Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics in order to accelerate density functional theory based ab-initio simulations. Depending on the system a gain in efficiency of one to two orders of magnitude has been observed, which allows ab-initio molecular dynamics of much larger time and length scales than previously thought feasible. It will be demonstrated that the dynamics is correctly reproduced and that high accuracy can be maintained throughout for systems ranging from insulators to semiconductors and even to metals in condensed phases. This development considerably extends the scope of ab-initio simulations.

Thomas D. Khne; Matthias Krack; Fawzi R. Mohamed; Michele Parrinello

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity in varying thicknesses of wood and steel cargo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of incident neutron attenuation on signal strengths in the Nuclear Car Wash has been observed experimentally for both wood and steel-pipe mock cargos. Measured decay curves are presented for {beta}-delayed high-energy {gamma}-rays and thermalized neutrons following neutron-induced fission of HEU through varying irradiation lengths. Error rates are extracted for delayed-{gamma} and delayed-n signals integrated to 30 seconds, assuming Gaussian distributions for the active background. The extrapolation to a field system of 1 mA deuterium current and to a 5 kg sample size is discussed.

Church, J; Slaughter, D; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P; Descalle, M; Hall, J; Manatt, D; Mauger, J; Norman, E; Petersen, D; Prussin, S

2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

402

Dust Formation Events in Colliding Winds: an application to eta Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent IR observations indicate that many massive binary systems present dust formation episodes, in regions close to the stars, during the periastron passage. These systems are known to be high-energy sources, and it is believed that wind collisions are the origin of the emission. In this work we show that wind collisions not only increase the X-ray emission but also allow dust formation. As an application we study eta Car, which presents, near periastron, an increase in the X-ray emission followed by a sudden decrease that lasts for about a month. We reproduce this feature calculating the optical depth due to dust formation along the orbital period.

D. Falceta-Goncalves; V. Jatenco-Pereira; Z. Abraham

2002-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

403

EcoCAR 2: Meet the Teams Part II | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTanklessDOJ TitleDr. Steven Chu AboutAboutDepartment ofYear 1EcoCAR

404

EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTanklessDOJ TitleDr. Steven Chu AboutAboutDepartment ofYear 1EcoCAR:

405

Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFYOxide Emission Standards, Model YearsCar Sales

406

EcoCAR 3: Collegiate Teams to Pump up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic American  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatement Tuesday, SeptemberofEbony MeeksMuscle Car |

407

EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatement Tuesday, SeptemberofEbony MeeksMuscle Car

408

Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on EnergyEnergy Secretary Chu and former Governor ofEcoCAR

409

EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary ECM Included NotFederal4EckMuscleEcoCAR2

410

Fact #852 December 22, 2014 Turbocharged Engines Account for 64.7% of all Four-Cylinder Gasoline Car Engines in 2014- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #852 December 22, 2014 Turbocharged Engines Account for 64.7% of all Four-Cylinder Gasoline Car Engines in 2014

411

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

412

Modal shifts in short-haul passenger travel and the consequent energy impacts. [Intercity travel under 500 miles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was performed to evaluate the impacts of strategies to effect modal shifts in short-haul passenger travel (defined herein as intercity travel under 500 miles) from energy-intensive modes to those modes that are less energy-intensive. A series of individual strategies, ranging from incentives to the less energy-intensive modes (bus, rail) to penalties to the more energy-intensive modes (auto, air) was examined to determine energy saved and policy implications relative to strategy implementation. The most effective of the individual strategies were then combined in all permutations, and the analysis was repeated. As part of the analytical process, effects of factors other than energy (user cost and time, emissions, government subsidy, and travel fatailities) were examined in a benefit/cost analysis. Finally, energy savings, benefit/cost impacts, implementation considerations, and policy implications were evaluated to arrive at conclusions as to the effectiveness of the more-influential strategies and to the overall effectiveness of induced modal shifts. The principal conclusion of the study is that the maximum 1980 energy saving that might be realized by modal shifts, discounting the concurrent effects of demand suppression and improvement of mode efficiency, is approximately 83 x 10/sup 12/ Btu (46,500 bbl gasoline per day), 3.8% of the total projected 1980 energy consumption in the short-haul transportation sector and 0.23% of the total US petroleum use. It was also concluded that strategies to achieve these small savings by modal shifts would result in significant economic, social, and business disruptions.

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

E-Print Network 3.0 - averaged pulsar profiles Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: averaged pulsar profiles Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 astroph9911319 Pulsar Astronomy ---2000 and Beyond Summary: with higher than average surface dipole magnetic fields....

414

E-Print Network 3.0 - average power ratio Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a wind turbine Summary: of pairs of poles over the average power is also studied. Index Terms-- average wind power, battery... charging, permanent magnet synchronous machine. I....

415

E-Print Network 3.0 - average high energy Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

g Energy and power are time averaged and normally spatially... averaged g Relate energy (density) to power (intensity) The Energy Source Simulation Method 12;g... ms...

416

E-Print Network 3.0 - average body surface Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

averages. The chemical... to the en- semble averages for pressure and configurational energy are summarized in Table II. Three-body... Three-body interactions in fluids from...

417

Ensemble bayesian model averaging using markov chain Monte Carlo sampling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bayesian model averaging (BMA) has recently been proposed as a statistical method to calibrate forecast ensembles from numerical weather models. Successful implementation of BMA however, requires accurate estimates of the weights and variances of the individual competing models in the ensemble. In their seminal paper (Raftery etal. Mon Weather Rev 133: 1155-1174, 2(05)) has recommended the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm for BMA model training, even though global convergence of this algorithm cannot be guaranteed. In this paper, we compare the performance of the EM algorithm and the recently developed Differential Evolution Adaptive Metropolis (DREAM) Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm for estimating the BMA weights and variances. Simulation experiments using 48-hour ensemble data of surface temperature and multi-model stream-flow forecasts show that both methods produce similar results, and that their performance is unaffected by the length of the training data set. However, MCMC simulation with DREAM is capable of efficiently handling a wide variety of BMA predictive distributions, and provides useful information about the uncertainty associated with the estimated BMA weights and variances.

Vrugt, Jasper A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Diks, Cees G H [NON LANL; Clark, Martyn P [NON LANL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Long-term average performance benefits of parabolic trough improvements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improved parabolic trough concentrating collectors will result from better design, improved fabrication techniques, and the development and utilization of improved materials. The difficulty of achieving these improvements varies as does their potential for increasing parabolic trough performance. The purpose of this analysis is to quantify the relative merit of various technology advancements in improving the long-term average performance of parabolic trough concentrating collectors. The performance benefits of improvements are determined as a function of operating temperature for north-south, east-west, and polar mounted parabolic troughs. The results are presented graphically to allow a quick determination of the performance merits of particular improvements. Substantial annual energy gains are shown to be attainable. Of the improvements evaluated, the development of stable back-silvered glass reflective surfaces offers the largest performance gain for operating temperatures below 150/sup 0/C. Above 150/sup 0/C, the development of trough receivers that can maintain a vacuum is the most significant potential improvement. The reduction of concentrator slope errors also has a substantial performance benefit at high operating temperatures.

Gee, R.; Gaul, H.W.; Kearney, D.; Rabl, A.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Dust Scattering in Miras R Car and RR Sco resolved by optical interferometric polarimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present optical interferometric polarimetry measurements of the Mira-like variables R Car and RR Sco, using the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer. By making visibility measurements in two perpendicular polarisations, the relatively low-surface brightness light scattered by atmospheric dust could be spatially separated from the bright Mira photospheric flux. This is the first reported successful use of long-baseline optical interferometric polarimetry. Observations were able to place constraints on the distribution of circumstellar material in R Car and RR Sco. The inner radius of dust formation for both stars was found to be less than 3 stellar radii: much closer than the expected innermost stable location for commonly-assumed astrophysical ``dirty silicate'' dust in these systems (silicate dust with a significant iron content). A model with the dust distributed over a shell which is geometrically thin compared to the stellar radius was preferred over an outflow. We propose dust components whose chemistry and opacity properties enable survival at these extreme inner radii.

M. J. Ireland; P. G. Tuthill; J. Davis; W. Tango

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

420

Observations of the pulsation of the Cepheid l Car with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations of the southern Cepheid l Car to yield the mean angular diameter and angular pulsation amplitude have been made with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI) at a wavelength of 696 nm. The resulting mean limb-darkened angular diameter is 2.990+-0.017 mas (i.e. +-0.6 per cent) with a maximum-to-minimum amplitude of 0.560+-0.018 mas corresponding to 18.7+-0.6 per cent in the mean stellar diameter. Careful attention has been paid to uncertainties, including those in measurements, in the adopted calibrator angular diameters, in the projected values of visibility squared at zero baseline, and to systematic effects. No evidence was found for a circumstellar envelope at 696 nm. The interferometric results have been combined with radial displacements of the stellar atmosphere derived from selected radial velocity data taken from the literature to determine the distance and mean diameter of l Car. The distance is determined to be 525+-26 pc and the mean radius 169+-8R{solar). Comparison with published values for the distance and mean radius show excellent agreement, particularly when a common scaling factor from observed radial velocity to pulsation velocity of the stellar atmosphere (the p-factor) is used.

J. Davis; A. P. Jacob; J. G. Robertson; M. J. Ireland; J. R. North; W. J. Tango; P. G. Tuthill

2008-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Nonlocal effective-average-action approach to crystalline phantom membranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of crystalline phantom membranes, at the crumpling transition and in the flat phase, using a nonperturbative renormalization group approach. We avoid a derivative expansion of the effective average action and instead analyze the full momentum dependence of the elastic coupling functions. This leads to a more accurate determination of the critical exponents and further yields the full momentum dependence of the correlation functions of the in-plane and out-of-plane fluctuation. The flow equations are solved numerically for D=2 dimensional membranes embedded in a d=3 dimensional space. Within our approach we find a crumpling transition of second order which is characterized by an anomalous exponent {eta}{sub c}{approx_equal}0.63(8) and the thermal exponent {nu}{approx_equal}0.69. Near the crumpling transition the order parameter of the flat phase vanishes with a critical exponent {beta}{approx_equal}0.22. The flat phase anomalous dimension is {eta}{sub f}{approx_equal}0.85 and the Poisson's ratio inside the flat phase is found to be {sigma}{sub f}{approx_equal}-1/3. At the crumpling transition we find a much larger negative value of the Poisson's ratio {sigma}{sub c}{approx_equal}-0.71(5). We discuss further in detail the different regimes of the momentum dependent fluctuations, both in the flat phase and in the vicinity of the crumpling transition, and extract the crossover momentum scales which separate them.

Hasselmann, N. [Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); International Institute of Physics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072-970, Natal, RN (Brazil); Braghin, F. L. [International Institute of Physics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072-970, Natal, RN (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Goias, P. B. 131, Campus II, 74001-970, Goiania, GO (Brazil)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

For what number of cars must self organization occur in the Biham-Middleton-Levine traffic model from any possible starting configuration?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For any initial configuration of fewer than N/2 cars the BML model will self organize to attain speed one. On the other hand, there is a configuration of size m in which no car can move if and only if m is at least 2N.

Tim D. Austin; Itai Benjamini

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

423

Cluster Statistics and Quasisoliton Dynamics in Microscopic Car-following Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the optimal velocity (OV) model as an example, we show that in the non-linear regime there is an emergent quantity that gives the extremum headways in the cluster formation, as well as the coexistence curve separating the absolute stable phase from the metastable phase. This emergent quantity is independent of the density of the traffic lane, and determines an intrinsic scale that characterizes the dynamics of localized quasisoliton structures given by the time derivative of the headways. The intrinsic scale is analogous to the "charge" of quasisolitons that controls the strength of interaction between multiple clusters, leading to non-trivial cluster statistics from random perturbations to initial uniform traffic. The cluster statistics depend both on the charge and the density of the traffic lane; the relationship is qualitatively universal for general car-following models.

Bo Yang; Xihua Xu; John Z. F. Pang; Christopher Monterola

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

424

Semidirect product of CCR and CAR algebras and asymptotic states in quantum electrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A C*-algebra containing the CCR and CAR algebras as its subalgebras and naturally described as the semidirect product of these algebras is discussed. A particular example of this structure is considered as a model for the algebra of asymptotic fields in quantum electrodynamics, in which Gauss' law is respected. The appearence in this algebra of a phase variable related to electromagnetic potential leads to the universal charge quantization. Translationally covariant representations of this algebra with energy-momentum spectrum in the future lightcone are investigated. It is shown that vacuum representations are necessarily nonregular with respect to total electromagnetic field. However, a class of translationally covariant, irreducible representations is constructed excplicitly, which remain as close as possible to the vacuum, but are regular at the same time. The spectrum of energy-momentum fills the whole future lightcone, but there are no vectors with energy-momentum lying on a mass hyperboloid or in the origin.

Andrzej Herdegen

1998-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

425

First XMM-Newton observations of a Cataclysmic Variable I: Timing studies of OY Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present XMM-Newton observations of the eclipsing, disc accreting, cataclysmic variable OY Car which were obtained as part of the performance verification phase of the mission. The star was observed 4 days after an outburst and then again 5 weeks later when it was in a quiescent state. There is a quasi-stable modulation of the X-rays at ~2240 sec, which is most prominent at the lowest energies. We speculate that this may be related to the spin period of the white dwarf. The duration of the eclipse ingress and egress in X-rays is 20--30 sec. This indicates that the bulk of the X-ray emission originates from the boundary layer which has a negligible height above the surface of the white dwarf. The eclipse profile implies a white dwarf of mass M_{1}=0.9-1.1Msun and a secondary star of M_{2}=0.08-0.11Msun.

Gavin Ramsay; Tracey Poole; Keith Mason; France Cordova; William Priedhorsky; Alice Breeveld; Rudi Much; Julian Osborne; Dirk Pandel; Stephen Potter; Jennifer West; Peter Wheatley

2000-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

426

Highway Car Traffic as a Complex System: The Physicist's Point of View  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple cellular automaton model of highway car traffic flow will be presented. This system exhibits a second-order phase transition between the free-moving phase and the jammed phase. Using concepts borrowed from the theory of phase transitions in statistical physics, it can be shown that random braking is the symmetry-breaking field conjugate to the order parameter. For a given value of the speed limit, it is then possible to determine the values of the usual critical exponents using computer simulations. These numerical results can also be obtained within the framework of an approximate technique going beyond the mean-field approximation. It can be shown that the critical exponents satisfy a scaling relation, which can be derived assuming that the order parameter is a generalized homogeneous function in the vicinity of the phase transition point.

Boccara, Nino (University of Illinois at Chicago) [University of Illinois at Chicago

2005-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

427

OY Car During Normal Outburst: Balmer Emission From The Red Star And The Gas Stream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian Telescope, during a normal outburst in August 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the H$\\beta$ trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R$_{L_{1}}$ from the white dwarf. This emission penetrates the accretion disc (from 0.5--0.1 R$_{L_{1}}$), with a velocity now closer (but lower) to the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally discuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

1995-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

428

OY Car in Outburst: Balmer emission from the red star and the gas stream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian telescope, during a normal outburst in 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the Hbeta trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R_L1 from the white dwarf. Then. its kinematics changes from 0.5-0.2 R_L1 (accretion disc) following velocities now closer to (but lower than) the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally dicsuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

1995-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

429

Universal flow-density relation of single-file bicycle, pedestrian and car motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relation between flow and density, also known as the fundamental diagram, is an essential quantitative characteristic to describe the efficiency of traffic systems. We have performed experiments with single-file motion of bicycles and compare the results with previous studies for car and pedestrian motion in similar setups. In the space-time diagrams we observe three different states of motion (free flow state, jammed state and stop-and-go waves) in all these systems. Despite of their obvious differences they are described by a universal fundamental diagram after proper rescaling of space and time which takes into account the size and free velocity of the three kinds of agents. This indicates that the similarities between the systems go deeper than expected.

Zhang, Jun; Holl, Stefan; Boltes, Maik; Andresen, Erik; Schadschneider, Andreas; Seyfried, Armin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Diesel Futures Forget the black soot and smoke. Modern diesel-powered cars are quiet, clean and fast.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diesel Futures Forget the black soot and smoke. Modern diesel-powered cars are quiet, clean at their tachometers to be sure that they were running. You would not expect that of a diesel, however. Yet these are diesel engines. The world has been looking to gas/electric hybrids and fuel cells for future fuel

431

CityCarControl : an electric vehicle drive-by-wire solution for distributed steering, braking and throttle control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we propose CityCarControl, a system to manage the steering, braking, and throttle of a new class of intra-city electric vehicles. These vehicles have a focus on extreme light-weight and a small parking ...

Brown, Thomas B., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Parallel Scheduling for Cyber-Physical Systems: Analysis and Case Study on a Self-Driving Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[31, 10, 26, 16, 30] is an appealing emerging CPS technology. In an autonomous car, motion planning-Physical Systems (CPS) rapidly increases, multi-core processors and parallel programming models such as OpenMP become appealing to CPS developers for guaranteeing timeliness. Hence, a par- allel task on multi

Rajkumar, Ragunathan

433

Battery Powered Electric Car, Using Photovoltaic Cells Assistance Juan Dixon, Alberto Ziga, Angel Abusleme and Daniel Soto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Battery Powered Electric Car, Using Photovoltaic Cells Assistance Juan Dixon, Alberto Zúñiga, Angel Vehicles (EVs) is the scarce capacity of conventional electrical energy storage systems. Although Abusleme and Daniel Soto Abstract One of the major problems for the massive applicability of Electric

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

434

SPEECH ENHANCEMENT IN CAR NOISE ENVIRONMENT BASED ON AN ANALYSIS-SYNTHESIS APPROACH USING HARMONIC NOISE MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPEECH ENHANCEMENT IN CAR NOISE ENVIRONMENT BASED ON AN ANALYSIS- SYNTHESIS APPROACH USING HARMONIC Kong ABSTRACT This paper presents a speech enhancement method based on an analysis-synthesis framework analysis-synthesis based speech enhancement system, and give details in HNM modeling, parameter estimation

So, Hing-Cheung

435

Joint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership Hydrogen Delivery, Storage and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ­ The current capital costs for the hydrogen pipelines in the model are based on 1.1X the price of steel naturalJoint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership Hydrogen be prioritized) by mid-2008 H2A Delivery Model: Discussion Items, Comments, and Follow-up Actions 1. Pipeline

436

Published in the Proceeding of the International Conference on Computer Assisted Radiology, CAR'96, June 1996, pp579-584.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Published in the Proceeding of the International Conference on Computer Assisted Radiology, CAR'96 attempts to facilitate on demand long haul high performance medical information and resource sharing and distributed treatment planning. In this initiative, we are demonstrating a number of medical resource sharing

Khan, Javed I.

437

The high energy X-ray tail of Eta Car revealed by BeppoSAX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the June 2000 long (100 ks) BeppoSAX exposure that has unveiled above 10 keV a new very high energy component of the X-ray spectrum of Eta Car extending to at least 50 keV. We find that the 2-150 keV spectrum is best reproduced by a thermal + non-thermal model. The thermal component dominates the 2-10 keV spectral range with kT_h=5.5 +/- 0.3 keV and log NH_h=22.68 +/- 0.01. The spectrum displays a prominent iron emission line centred at 6.70 keV. Its equivalent width of 0.94 keV, if produced by the thermal source, gives a slightly sub-solar iron abundance ([Fe/H]=-0.15 +/- 0.02). The high energy tail above 10 keV is best fitted by a power law with a photon index of 2.42 +/- 0.04. The integrated 13-150 keV luminosity of ~12 L-sun is comparable to that of the 2-10 keV thermal component. The present result can be explained, in the Eta Car binary star scenario, by Comptonisation of low frequency radiation by high energy electrons, probably generated in the colliding wind shock front, or in instabilities in the wind of the S Dor primary star. It is possible that the high energy tail had largely weakened near the minimum of the 5.53 yr cycle. With respect to the thermal component, it probably has a longer recovering time like that of the highest excitation optical emission lines. Both features can be associated with the large absorption measured by BeppoSAX at phase 0.05.

R. F. Viotti; L. A. Antonelli; C. Rossi; S. Rebecchi

2004-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

439

Characterist Passenger Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LaCrescent CityofMorris LincolnCounty RiverRiderPublicTransitSystem ClayCounty Semcac WatonwanCounty Tri-CountyActionProgram,Inc RedLakeBandofChippewaIndians HubbardCounty BeckerCountyTransit Tri-ValleyOpportunityCouncil,Inc. Mille1 #12;2 #12;3 #12;4 #12;5 #12;6 #12;7 #12;8 #12;9 #12;10 County Population Characterist ics Future

Minnesota, University of

440

E-Print Network 3.0 - average mass approach Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

averaged. We... see that when the rate of mass injection dominates the mass flux of the wind (i.e. 1) the average... the nature of the interaction of a flow with discrete ......

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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441

E-Print Network 3.0 - average Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

measured for each prime (e.g. 3.25 for p 11) Average Cycle - The average cycle... the functional graphs for a given prime (e.g. 2.05 for p 11) ... Source: Holden, Joshua...

442

E-Print Network 3.0 - average-power fel driven Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

average power near 2 kW. Other... rate (MHz) 5.6-22.5 Average power (W) 100 E.A. ... Source: Kozak, Victor R. - Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics Collection: Fission and...

443

Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Implications. J. ofcommitment to reduce CO2 emissions from new passenger carsACEAs Commitment on CO2 Emission Reductions from Passenger

Schipper, Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

S86 JUNE 2006| above-average precipitation totals for the year, caus-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, but below average for June in Bulgaria. Rainfall totals in April and June

445

Coxsackie- and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is expressed in lymphatic vessels in human skin and affects lymphatic endothelial cell function in vitro  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lymphatic vessels play an important role in tissue fluid homeostasis, intestinal fat absorption and immunosurveillance. Furthermore, they are involved in pathologic conditions, such as tumor cell metastasis and chronic inflammation. In comparison to blood vessels, the molecular phenotype of lymphatic vessels is less well characterized. Performing comparative gene expression analysis we have recently found that coxsackie- and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is significantly more highly expressed in cultured human, skin-derived lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs), as compared to blood vascular endothelial cells. Here, we have confirmed these results at the protein level, using Western blot and FACS analysis. Immunofluorescence performed on human skin confirmed that CAR is expressed at detectable levels in lymphatic vessels, but not in blood vessels. To address the functional significance of CAR expression, we modulated CAR expression levels in cultured LECs in vitro by siRNA- and vector-based transfection approaches. Functional assays performed with the transfected cells revealed that CAR is involved in distinct cellular processes in LECs, such as cell adhesion, migration, tube formation and the control of vascular permeability. In contrast, no effect of CAR on LEC proliferation was observed. Overall, our data suggest that CAR stabilizes LEC-LEC interactions in the skin and may contribute to lymphatic vessel integrity.

Vigl, Benjamin; Zgraggen, Claudia; Rehman, Nadia; Banziger-Tobler, Nadia E.; Detmar, Michael [Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli Str. 10, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Halin, Cornelia [Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli Str. 10, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland)], E-mail: cornelia.halin@pharma.ethz.ch

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

Optical Properties of Plasmas Based on an Average-Atom Walter Johnson, Notre Dame University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Properties of Plasmas Based on an Average-Atom Model Walter Johnson, Notre Dame University of Plasmas Based on an Average-Atom Model Walter Johnson, Notre Dame University Claude Guet, CEA/DAM Ile de of Plasmas Based on an Average-Atom Model Walter Johnson, Notre Dame University Claude Guet, CEA/DAM Ile de

Johnson, Walter R.

447

Fuel economy regulations and efficiency technology improvements in U.S. cars since 1975  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light-duty vehicles account for 43% of petroleum consumption and 23% of green- house gas emissions in the United States. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards are the primary policy tool addressing petroleum ...

MacKenzie, Donald Warren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane technical mixture regulates cell cycle and apoptosis genes through the activation of CAR and ER? in mouse livers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is a widely used organochlorine pesticide and a xenoestrogen that promotes rodent hepatomegaly and tumours. A recent study has shown significant correlation between DDT serum concentration and liver cancer incidence in humans, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We hypothesised that a mixture of DDT isomers could exert effects on the liver through pathways instead of classical ERs. The acute effects of a DDT mixture containing the two major isomers p,p?-DDT (85%) and o,p?-DDT (15%) on CAR and ER? receptors and their cell cycle and apoptosis target genes were studied in mouse livers. ChIP results demonstrated increased CAR and ER? recruitment to their specific target gene binding sites in response to the DDT mixture. The results of real-time RT-PCR were consistent with the ChIP data and demonstrated that the DDT was able to activate both CAR and ER? in mouse livers, leading to target gene transcriptional increases including Cyp2b10, Gadd45?, cMyc, Mdm2, Ccnd1, cFos and E2f1. Western blot analysis demonstrated increases in cell cycle progression proteins cMyc, Cyclin D1, CDK4 and E2f1 and anti-apoptosis proteins Mdm2 and Gadd45?. In addition, DDT exposure led to Rb phosphorylation. Increases in cell cycle progression and anti-apoptosis proteins were accompanied by a decrease in p53 content and its transcriptional activity. However, the DDT was unable to stimulate the ?-catenin signalling pathway, which can play an important role in hepatocyte proliferation. Thus, our results indicate that DDT treatment may result in cell cycle progression and apoptosis inhibition through CAR- and ER?-mediated gene activation in mouse livers. These findings suggest that the proliferative and anti-apoptotic conditions induced by CAR and ER? activation may be important contributors to the early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis as produced by DDT in rodent livers. - Highlights: DDT activated both CAR and ER? and their cell cycle and apoptosis target genes. DDT produced increases in cell cycle and anti-apoptosis proteins and decrease in p53. DDT mixture was unable to stimulate the ?-catenin signalling pathway in mouse livers.

Kazantseva, Yuliya A.; Yarushkin, Andrei A. [Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, Timakova str., 2, 630117 (Russian Federation); Pustylnyak, Vladimir O., E-mail: pustylnyak@ngs.ru [Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, Timakova str., 2, 630117 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Pirogova str., 2, 630090 (Russian Federation)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

QUANTIFYING THE EXTERNAL COSTS OF VEHICLE USE: EVIDENCE FROM AMERICA'S TOP SELLING LIGHT-DUTY MODELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-selling passenger cars and light-duty trucks in the U.S. Among these external costs, those associated with crashes estimated for several other vehicles of particular interest, including GM's Hummer and several hybrid drive: small cars, mid-sized cars, large cars, luxury cars, crossover utility vehicles (CUVs), sport

Kockelman, Kara M.

450

Structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer in Si/Ge superlattices: A Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer process in Si/Ge superlattices are studied by analyzing the trajectories generated by the ab initio Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation. The radial distribution functions and mean square displacements are calculated and further discussions are made to explain and probe the structural changes relating to the heat transfer phenomenon. Furthermore, the vibrational density of states of the two layers (Si/Ge) are computed and plotted to analyze the contributions of phonons with different frequencies to the heat conduction. Coherent heat conduction of the low frequency phonons is found and their contributions to facilitate heat transfer are confirmed. The Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation outputs in the work show reasonable thermophysical results of the thermal energy transport process and shed light on the potential applications of treating the heat transfer in the superlattices of semiconductor materials from a quantum mechanical molecular dynamics simulation perspective.

Ji, Pengfei; Zhang, Yuwen, E-mail: zhangyu@missouri.edu [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211 (United States); Yang, Mo [College of Energy and Power Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093 (China)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

451

Observation of excited state charge transfer with fs/ps-CARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Excited state charge transfer processes are studied using the fs/ps-CARS probe technique. This probe allows for multiplexed detection of Raman active vibrational modes. Systems studied include Michler's Ketone, Coumarin 120, 4-dimethylamino-4{prime}-nitrostilbene, and several others. The vibrational spectrum of the para di-substituted benzophenone Michler's Ketone in the first excited singlet state is studied for the first time. It is found that there are several vibrational modes indicative of structural changes of the excited molecule. A combined experimental and theoretical approach is used to study the simplest 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin, Coumarin 120. Vibrations observed in FTIR and spontaneous Raman spectra are assigned using density functional calculations and a continuum solvation model is used to predict how observed modes are affected upon inclusion of a solvent. The low frequency modes of the excited state charge transfer species 4-dimethylamino-4{prime}-nitrostilbene are studied in acetonitrile. Results are compared to previous work on this molecule in the fingerprint region. Finally, several partially completed projects and their implications are discussed. These include the two photon absorption of Coumarin 120, nanoconfinement in cyclodextrin cavities and sensitization of titania nanoparticles.

Blom, Alex Jason

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Discovery of blue companions to two southern Cepheids: WW Car and FN Vel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large number of high-dispersion spectra of classical Cepheids were obtained in the region of the CaII H+K spectral lines. The analysis of these spectra allowed us to detect the presence of a strong Balmer line, H$\\epsilon$, for several Cepheids, interpreted as the signature of a blue companion: the presence of a sufficiently bright blue companion to the Cepheid results in a discernible strengthening of the CaII H + Hepsilon line relative to the CaII K line. We investigated 103 Cepheids, including those with known hot companions (B5-B6 main-sequence stars) in order to test the method. We could confirm the presence of a companion to WW Car and FN Vel (the existence of the former was only suspected before) and we found that these companions are blue hot stars. The method remains efficient when the orbital velocity changes in a binary system cannot be revealed and other methods of binarity detection are not efficient.

Kovtyukh, V; Chekhonadskikh, F; Lemasle, B; Belik, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

OBSERVATIONS OF MOLECULAR OUTFLOW IN CAR 291.6-01.9  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the first observations of a dense molecular gas nebula and bipolar outflow in Car 291.6-01.9, showing characteristics of an embedded young stellar object (YSO). Using the Mopra radio telescope near Coonabarabaran, Australia, we image the kinematic structure of several emission features to examine physical properties within a molecular clump of mass {approx}3.2 {+-} 0.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} M{sub Sun} in which a stellar cluster may be forming. Motivated by acquiring a more thorough understanding of star formation we ask what may have initiated collapse in the clump; observed outflow alignment is suggestive of {approx}1.0 pc distant massive star HD 308280 radiative-driven compression as a formation trigger for the dense core. An outflow derived age of <10{sup 6} years, together with significant C{sup 18}O and SO core depletion, support the case for the core as the host of an extremely YSO cluster.

Saul, M. [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052 (Australia); Saul, L., E-mail: msaul@phys.unsw.edu.au, E-mail: luke.saul@space.unibe.ch [Physics Institute, University of Bern, Bern CH-3012 (Switzerland)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

454

A spectroscopic event of eta Car viewed from different directions: The data and first results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present spectroscopic observations with high spectral resolution of eta Car as seen by the SE lobe of the Homunculus nebula over the 2003.5 "spectroscopic event". The observed spectra represent the stellar spectrum emitted near the pole of the star and are much less contaminated with nebular emission lines than direct observations of the central object. The "event" is qualitatively similar near the pole to what is observed in direct spectra of the star (more equator-on at 45 degree), but shows interesting differences. The observations show that the equivalent width changes of H alpha emission and other lines are less pronounced at the pole than in the line of sight. Also the absorption components appear less variable. A pronounced high-velocity absorption is present near the event in the He I lines indicating a mass-ejection event. This feature is also seen, but less pronounced, in the hydrogen lines. HeII4686 emission is observed for a brief period of time near the event and appears, if corrected for light travel time, to precede similar emission in the direct view. Our observations indicate that the event is probably not only a change in ionization and excitation structure or a simple eclipse-like event.

Otmar Stahl; Kerstin Weis; Dominik J. Bomans; Kris Davidson; Theodore R. Gull; Roberta M. Humphreys

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

455

Branching laws for polynomial endomorphisms in CAR algebra for fermions, uniformly hyperfinite algebras and Cuntz algebras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Previously, we have shown that the CAR algebra for fermions is embedded in the Cuntz algebra ${\\cal O}_{2}$ in such a way that the generators are expressed in terms of polynomials in the canonical generators of the latter, and it coincides with the U(1)-fixed point subalgebra ${\\cal A}\\equiv {\\cal O}_{2}^{U(1)}$ of ${\\cal O}_{2}$ for the canonical gauge action. Based on this embedding formula, some properties of ${\\cal A}$ are studied in detail by restricting those of ${\\cal O}_{2}$. Various endomorphisms of ${\\cal O}_{2}$, which are defined by polynomials in the canonical generators, are explicitly constructed, and transcribed into those of ${\\cal A}$. Especially, we investigate branching laws for a certain family of such endomorphisms with respect to four important representations, i.e., the Fock representation, the infinite wedge representation and their duals. These endomorphisms are completely classified by their branching laws. As an application, we show that the reinterpretation of the Fock vacuum as the Dirac vacuum is described in representation theory through a mixture of fermions.

Mitsuo Abe; Katsunori Kawamura

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

456

Fall Protection Procedures for Sealing Bulk Waste Shipments by Rail Cars at Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Sites - 13509  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rail-cars loaded with radioactive materials must be closed and fastened to comply with United States Department of Transportation (DOT) requirements before they shipped. Securing waste shipments in a manner that meets these regulations typically results in the use of a sealable rail-car liner. Workers accessing the tops of the 2.74 m high rail-cars to seal and inspect liners for compliance prior to shipment may be exposed to a fall hazard. Relatively recent revisions to the Fall Protection requirements in the Safety and Health Requirements Manual (EM385-1-1, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) have necessitated modifications to the fall protection systems previously employed for rail-car loading at Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) sites. In response these projects have developed site-specific procedures to protect workers and maintain compliance with the improved fall protection regulations. (authors)

Boyle, J.D. [U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Buffalo District, Buffalo, New York 14207 (United States)] [U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Buffalo District, Buffalo, New York 14207 (United States); Fort, E. Joseph; Lorenz, William [Cabrera Services (Cabrera) East Harford, CT 06108 (United States)] [Cabrera Services (Cabrera) East Harford, CT 06108 (United States); Mills, Andy [Shaw Environmental and Infrastructure, Inc. (Shaw) Baton Rouge, LA 70809 (United States)] [Shaw Environmental and Infrastructure, Inc. (Shaw) Baton Rouge, LA 70809 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Vibro-acoustical comfort in cars at idle : human perception of simulated sounds and vibrations from three and four cylinder diesel engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

three and four cylinder diesel engines Etienne Parizet, Mal Amari Laboratoire Vibrations Acoustique This paper deals with comfort in diesel cars running at idle. A bench was used to reproduce the vertical

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

458

Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de Supervisor: Andreas Butz, University of Munich, Germany, Andreas

459

Further improvement of conventional diesel NOx aftertreatment...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Future Directions in Engines and Fuels Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance A View from the Bridge...

460

Societal lifetime cost of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis shows that hybrid and electric cars perform bettercar (4-5 passengers) Fuels Gasoline, CNG, diesel, FT50, methanol, H2 Powertrains ICE, hybrid,

Sun, Yongling; Ogden, J; Delucchi, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GDP per capita Transport Future outlook Drivers of Transport Energyenergy demand per passenger-km. Figure 20. Car Ownership and GDP

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Thermoelectric Generator Development at Renault Trucks-Volvo...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Trucks-Volvo Group Reviews project to study the potential of thermoelectricity for diesel engines of trucks and passenger cars, where relatively low exhaust temperature is...

463

Emissions Control for Lean Gasoline Engines  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to achieve cost-effective compliance * minimize precious metal content while maximizing fuel economy * Relevance: - U.S. passenger car fleet is dominated by gasoline-fueled...

464

Microsoft Word - Job 3021 - VMT_Survivability_Final_Report.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with passenger cars were eliminated. Also, all records pertaining to "Other", "Motorcycle", "Refused", and "Don't Know" were also removed. Next, we looked at the variable...

465

Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s Commitment on CO2 Emission Reductions from Passenger Cars.is a small extra reduction in CO2 emissions per km due to a

Schipper, Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

E-Print Network 3.0 - average resonance capture Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

capture Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: average resonance capture Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Individual resonance parameters for...

467

E-Print Network 3.0 - average procedures applied Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

procedures applied Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: average procedures applied Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 On Optimality of the...

468

E-Print Network 3.0 - average cross sections Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

E Macroscopic form of Ohm's law R V IRIV Resistance of a cylindrical wire... is the average velocity of the electrons? 1. ... Source: Luettmer-Strathmann, Jutta - Department...

469

E-Print Network 3.0 - average power diode-pumped Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: average power diode-pumped Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 JOURNALDE PHYSIQUEIV Colloque C4,...

470

E-Print Network 3.0 - average resonance neutron Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

barns) (Figure 1) covering four average lethargy steps... Verification of Neutron Phenomenology in Lead and Transmutation by Adiabatic Resonance Crossing in Accelerator... and...

471

E-Print Network 3.0 - average-climate basis non-audited Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and species- Table 2 Average climate variables for domains currently... species or ecosystem services. Climate-dynamic domains provide an objective ... Source: Hoffman,...

472

E-Print Network 3.0 - area average temperature Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Fisheries Sciences Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 24 The Greenhouse Effect Temperature Equilibrium Summary: - it is neither heating nor cooling on average....

473

E-Print Network 3.0 - averaging current-mode rectifiers Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 19, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2004 A Comparison of Piezoelectric Transformer Summary: from (15) and (16). Taking into account that at (19) The average output...

474

Optimal Velocity Profile Generation for given Acceleration Limits; The Half-Car Model Case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

average curvature, or a path of minimum combined cost. Since the dynamics of the vehicle are not included. Velenis and P. Tsiotras Georgia Institute of Technology School of Aerospace Engineering, Atlanta, GA, USA is an extension of [1] where a point-mass model of the vehicle was used. The acceleration envelope of the vehicle

Tsiotras, Panagiotis

475

The rotational broadening of V395 Car - implications on compact object's mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONTEXT: The masses previously obtained for the X-ray binary 2S0921-630 inferred a compact object that was either a high-mass neutron star or low-mass black-hole, but used a previously published value for the rotational broadening (vsini) with large uncertainties. AIMS: We aim to determine an accurate mass for the compact object through an improved measurement of the secondary star's projected equatorial rotational velocity. METHODS: We have used UVES echelle spectroscopy to determine the vsini of the secondary star (V395 Car) in the low-mass X-ray binary 2S0921-630 by comparison to an artificially broadened spectral-type template star. In addition, we have also measured vsini from a single high signal-to-noise ratio absorption line profile calculated using the method of Least-Squares Deconvolution (LSD). RESULTS: We determine vsini to lie between 31.3+/-0.5km/s to 34.7+/-0.5km/s (assuming zero and continuum limb darkening, respectively) in disagreement with revious results based on intermediate resolution spectroscopy obtained with the 3.6m NTT. Using our revised vsini value in combination with the secondary star's radial velocity gives a binary mass ratio of 0.281+/-0.034. Furthermore, assuming a binary inclination angle of 75 degrees gives a compact object mass of 1.37+/-0.13Mo. CONCLUSIONS: We find that using relatively low-resolution spectroscopy can result in systemic uncertainties in the measured vsini values obtained using standard methods. We suggest the use of LSD as a secondary, reliable check of the results as LSD allows one to directly discern the shape of the absorption line profile. In the light of the new vsini measurement, we have revised down the compact object's mass, such that it is now compatible with a canonical neutron star mass.

T. Shahbaz; C. A. Watson

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

476

DHA down-regulates phenobarbital-induced cytochrome P450 2B1 gene expression in rat primary hepatocytes by attenuating CAR translocation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) plays an important role in regulating the expression of detoxifying enzymes, including cytochrome P450 2B (CYP 2B). Phenobarbital (PB) induction of human CYP 2B6 and mouse CYP 2b10 has been shown to be mediated by CAR. Our previous study showed that PB-induced CYP 2B1 expression in rat primary hepatocytes is down-regulated by both n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); however, the mechanism for this down-regulation by DHA was previously unknown. The objective of the present study was to determine whether change in CAR translocation is involved in the down-regulation by n-6 and n-3 PUFAs of PB-induced CYP 2B1 expression in rat primary hepatocytes. We used 100 {mu}M arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and DHA to test this hypothesis. PB triggered the translocation of CAR from the cytosol into the nucleus in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner in our hepatocyte system, and the CAR distribution in rat primary hepatocytes was significantly affected by DHA. DHA treatment decreased PB-inducible accumulation of CAR in the nuclear fraction and increased it in the cytosolic fraction in a dose-dependent manner. The down-regulation of CYP 2B1 expression by DHA occurred in a dose-dependent manner, and a similar pattern was found for the nuclear accumulation of CAR. The results of immunoprecipitation showed a CAR/RXR heterodimer bound to nuclear receptor binding site 1 (NR-1) of the PB-responsive enhancer module (PBREM) of the CYP 2B1gene. The EMSA results showed that PB-induced CAR binding to NR-1 was attenuated by DHA. Taken together, these results suggest that attenuation of CAR translocation and decreased subsequent binding to NR-1 are involved in DHA's down-regulation of PB-induced CYP 2B1 expression.

Li, C.-C.; Lii, C.-K.; Liu, K.-L. [Department of Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Yang, J.-J. [School of Dentistry, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Chen, H.-W. [Department of Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: hawwen@csmu.edu.tw

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

ON THE SELF-AVERAGING OF WAVE ENERGY IN RANDOM GUILLAUME BAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE SELF-AVERAGING OF WAVE ENERGY IN RANDOM MEDIA GUILLAUME BAL Abstract. We consider the stabilization (self-averaging) and destabilization of the energy of waves propagating in random media transport equations for arbitrary statistical moments of the wave field is used to show that wave energy

Bal, Guillaume

478

Variances of the Average Numbers of Nucleotide Substitutions Within and Between Populations'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variances of the Average Numbers of Nucleotide Substitutions Within and Between Populations the variances of nucleotide diversity within pop- ulations and of nucleotide divergence between populations of the extent of DNA polymorphism is nucleotide diversity (z), which is defined as the average number of either

Nei, Masatoshi

479

GRADE NUMBER OF CREDITS FACTOR QUALITY POINTS HOW TO COMPUTE A GRADE POINT AVERAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.00 = __________ TOTALS: _________ __________ CREDITS QUALITY PTS. Divide total credits into total quality pointsGRADE NUMBER OF CREDITS FACTOR QUALITY POINTS HOW TO COMPUTE A GRADE POINT AVERAGE A _________ x 4 and the result is the grade point average (GPA). QUALITY PTS. = GPA ____________ = CREDITS

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

480

A spatiotemporal auto-regressive moving average model for solar radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A spatiotemporal auto-regressive moving average model for solar radiation C.A. Glasbey and D 1). Solar radiation, averaged over ten minute intervals, was recorded at each site for two years otherwise there are too many parameters to be estimated. As we wish to simulate solar radiation on a network

Stone, J. V.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average passenger car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

First-Best Downtown Transportation Systems in the Medium Run  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of passenger-car equivalents. (PCEs). The values of walkingpassenger-car- equivalents (PCEs). Greenshields Relationthat a bus generates 2.0 PCEs of congestion. Our guess is

Arnott, Richard; Rowse, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Status and Progress in Research, Development and Demonstration...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Improve CNG emission 4 Fuel cell cars in WHEC2010 5 HCNG passenger car in WHEC 2010, Germany, Essen, May 2010 1) HCNG fuel RD&D in China ,....

483

Jean-Marc ANDR Robert JOUMARD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, hour and season. This model is provided for the current gasoline and diesel cars. The final model, driving cycle, catalyst, diesel, passenger car, ambient temperature, engine temperature, model, speed

Boyer, Edmond

484

Mitsubishi iMiEV: An Electric Mini-Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet highlights the Mitsubishi iMiEV, an electric mini-car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In support of the U.S. Department of Energy's fast-charging research efforts, NREL engineers are conducting charge and discharge performance testing on the vehicle. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

"It's Like Giving Us a Car, Only Without the Wheels": Performance of Latina Students at an Early College High School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School. (December 2011) Leslie Ann Locke, B.S.; M.L.S, University of Minnesota?Twin Cities Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Kathryn McKenzie This dissertation presents the results from an empirical study of the perspectives of Latina students who... ?IT?S LIKE GIVING US A CAR, ONLY WITHOUT THE WHEELS?: PERFORMANCE OF LATINA STUDENTS AT AN EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL A Dissertation by LESLIE ANN LOCKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...

Locke, Leslie Ann

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

486

E-Print Network 3.0 - average solar-cosmic-ray fluxes Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

solar-cosmic-ray fluxes Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: average solar-cosmic-ray fluxes Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Annales...

487

E-Print Network 3.0 - average current rf Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

management estimates the channel upon a frame recep- tion. MIMO... MHz bandwidth. 6.2 Simulation Results We compare the average energy per bit of RF chain management... measure...

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - average power solid-state Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

solid-state Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: average power solid-state Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Badrul H. Chowdhury Solid State...

489

Identification of an average temperature and a dynamical pressure in a multitemperature mixture of fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identification of an average temperature and a dynamical pressure in a multitemperature mixture pressure even if the fluids have a zero bulk viscosity. The nonequilib- rium dynamical pressure can

Boyer, Edmond

490

Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an analytical inversion technique, which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call...

Stroahaber, James; Kolomenskii, A; Schuessler, Hans

2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

491

E-Print Network 3.0 - averaging ic drivers Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ic drivers Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: averaging ic drivers Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Simultaneous Driver and Wire Sizing for...

492

E-Print Network 3.0 - average wind shear Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wind shear Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: average wind shear Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Analysis of wind shear models and trends...

493

E-Print Network 3.0 - average power cpa Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

emission Summary: emissions(tonCcapyr) AFRICA CPA FAR EAST MEA OCEANIA WEU NAM FSU EEU WORLD AVERAGE LAM Department... 2020 2040 2060 2080 2100 tonCcapitayr NAM WEU CPA SAS...

494

E-Print Network 3.0 - average shaped atlas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

shaped atlas Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: average shaped atlas Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Retrospective Cross-Evaluation of an...

495

E-Print Network 3.0 - average phase factor Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

averaged sequence contains the strongest peak among the other four and estimates the code phase in chips (1... 1024)*1023 original chips, or in other words, the code phase is...

496

Bright High Average Power Table-top Soft X-Ray Lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated the generation of bright soft x-ray laser pulses with record-high average power from compact plasma amplifiers excited by ultrafast solid state lasers. These lasers have numerous applications in nanoscience and nanotechnology.

Rocca, Jorge [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Reagan, Brendon [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Wernsing, Keith [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Luther, Brad [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Curtis, Alden [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Nichols,, Anthony [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Wang, Yong [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Alessi, David [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Martz, Dale [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Yin, Liang [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Wang, Shoujun [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL; Furch, Federico [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Woolston, Mark [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Patel, Dinesh [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Marconi, Mario [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Menoni, Carmen [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Social comparison test using women's subjective and physiological reactivity to thin and average size models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current study examined the subjective and physiological reactivity to body image stimuli among females engaging in a social comparison task. Study I was conducted to select images of thin and average size models and neutral objects for Study...

Tamez, Jeannine Paola

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - average void fraction Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The gamma... such as those shown in figure 10 indeed show an increase in the average void fraction in the flow passage. 4... for a tube in an array liquid gap, Reynolds ... Source:...

499

System average rates of U.S. investor-owned electric utilities : a statistical benchmark study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using multiple regression methods, we have undertaken a statistical "benchmark" study comparing system average electricity rates charged by three California utilities with 96 other US utilities over the 1984-93 time period. ...

Berndt, Ernst R.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Variation in the annual average radon concentration measured in homes in Mesa County, Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to examine the variability in the annual average indoor radon concentration. The TMC has been collecting annual average radon data for the past 5 years in 33 residential structures in Mesa County, Colorado. This report is an interim report that presents the data collected up to the present. Currently, the plans are to continue this study in the future. 62 refs., 3 figs., 12 tabs.

Rood, A.S.; George, J.L.; Langner, G.H. Jr.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z