National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for average passenger car

  1. Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards

  2. Modeling the interaction between passenger cars and trucks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenkins, Jacqueline Marie

    2004-11-15

    The topic of this dissertation was the use of distributed computing to improve the modeling of the interaction between passenger cars and trucks. The two main focus areas were the development of a methodology to combine microscopic traffic...

  3. An Analysis of Air Passenger Average Trip Lengths and Fare Levels in US Domestic Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Sheng-Chen Alex

    2000-01-01

    California at Berkeley An Analysis of Air Passenger AverageCalifornia at Berkeley An Analysis of Air Passenger Average

  4. Potential for meeting the EU new passenger car CO? emissions targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatt, Kandarp

    2011-01-01

    In 2009, the European Parliament agreed to limit the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars sold in the European Union to an average of 130g/km by 2015. Further, a probable longer-term CO2 emissions target of 95g/km is ...

  5. The Analysis of Right-of-way for different road users in China: Passing-Passenger-Unit Versus Passenger-Car-Unit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Wen Professor; Zhang, Yuanyuan PhD; Chen, Xiaohong Professor; Jiang, Chao

    2014-01-01

    on According g to Car Cong gestion Ext ternality. Jou rnalUNIT VERSUS PASSENGER-CAR-UNIT Wen Xiong, Associatebased on the Passenger-Car-Unit (PCU) concept. However, this

  6. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    Properly-Functioning Cars Emissions are relatively high whenmay exaggerate p-car emissions; in effect, the cutpoint mayFederal passenger car tailpipe emission standards at 50,000

  7. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    cars are for gasoline cars only. Fuel economy average is the production-weighted harmonic mean. 2014 data are preliminary. Fact 849 Dataset Supporting Information Average...

  8. Development of turbocharger for improving passenger car acceleration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watanabe, Tsuyoshi; Koike, Takaaki; Furukawa, Hiromu; Ikeya, Nobuyuki; Sakakida, Masaru

    1996-09-01

    Recently, passenger cars require better acceleration from low engine speed including starting-up in order to decrease the amount of particulate matter (PM) of diesel engines or to improve the driver`s feeling. However, turbocharged cars generally have worse response than the non turbo cars because it takes a few seconds to get the turbocharger rotate up to high speed, usually called Turbo-lag. In order to solve this, various technologies have been developed for a turbocharger itself as well as for charging system such as the sequential system. Here in this paper, the authors focus on the development of the following turbocharger technology to reduce Turbo-lag and to achieve better transient response.

  9. BEHAVIORAL DISTINCTIONS: THE USE OF LIGHT-DUTY TRUCKS AND PASSENGER CARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    BEHAVIORAL DISTINCTIONS: THE USE OF LIGHT-DUTY TRUCKS AND PASSENGER CARS by Kara Maria Kockelman as light-duty trucks (LDTs), resulting in a variety of regulatory protections. Production and purchase as light-duty trucks (LDTs), and they currently capture 51% of new U.S. passenger vehicle sales1 ­ much

  10. European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs.

  11. European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs. 2006deervanschaftingen.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  12. Field assessment of an aluminum intensive passenger car

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cuenca, R.M.

    1994-12-31

    Ford Motor Co. has made a small batch of ``aluminum intensive vehicles`` (AIV), consisting of mid-size cars (Taurus/Sable) with all-aluminum bodies. The first twenty vehicles were made for internal evaluation at Ford, but the second batch of twenty has been placed on the hands of selected independent users, primarily automotive suppliers, for long term field assessment. The mass reduction achieved in the body of an AIV is shown, and compared with an equivalent standard steel body. Argonne obtained one of these vehicles last October; this is an assessment of the fuel consumption and other operational characteristics of this type of car to date.

  13. Fact #693: September 19, 2011 Average Vehicle Footprint for Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    information below. Supporting Information Average Vehicle Footprint, 2008-2010 Model Year Car Light Truck All Light Vehicles 2008 45.4 53.0 49.0 2009 45.2 52.7 48.2 2010 45.2 54.0...

  14. Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions Compliant Passenger Car

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Comparisons between CTL, GTL, no. 2, and European diesel include fuel economy, regulated and unregulated emissions in a 50 State compliant passenger car with DOC, NOx adsorber and particulate trap

  15. ULEV potential of a DI/TCI diesel passenger car engine operated on dimethyl ether

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapus, P.E.; Cartellieri, W.P.

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes a feasibility test program on a 2 liter, 4 cylinder DI/TCI passenger car engine operated on the new alternative fuel Dimethyl Ether (DME) with the aim of demonstrating its potential of meeting ULEV (ultra low emission vehicle) emissions (0.2 g/mi NOx in the FTP 75 test cycle) when installed in a full size passenger car. Special attention is drawn to the fuel injection equipment (FIE) as well as combustion system requirements towards the reduction of NOx and combustion noise while keeping energetic fuel consumption at the level of he baseline DI/TCI diesel engine. FIE and combustion system parameters were optimized on the steady state dynamometer by variation of a number of parameters, such as rate of injection, number of nozzle holes, compression ratio, piston bowl shape and exhaust gas recirculation. The paper presents engine test results achieved with DME under various operating conditions and compares these results to those achieved with the diesel version of the same engine.The FTP 75 cycle results were projected from steady state engine maps using a vehicle simulation program taking into account vehicle data and road resistance data of a given vehicle.The cycle results are also compared to actual chassis dynamometer results achieved with the diesel version of the same engine installed in the same vehicle.the passenger car DI/TCI engine adapted for and operated on DME shows very promising results with respect to meeting ULEV NOx emissions without any soot emissions and without the need for a DENOX catalyst. DME fuel consumption on energy basis can be kept very close to the DI diesel value. An oxidation catalyst will be necessary to meet the stringent CO and HC ULEV emission limits.

  16. Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings Fact 638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to...

  17. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

  18. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the 2014 model year, midsize hybrid cars averaged 43.4 miles per gallon (mpg) while midsize non-hybrid cars averaged 28.7 mpg; the difference between the two has narrowed due to the rising...

  19. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    of Properly-Functioning Cars B .3. Evaporation B.4.of Properly-Functioning Cars, High and Moderate Powerand Philip S. Barnett, “Cars, Fuels, and Clean Air A Review

  20. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    1.1. History Air pollution by cars and light trucks is aareas where pollution is dominated by cars and light trucks.

  1. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    Cars B.2. Cold Start Emissions of Properly-Functioning CarsDriving B.5. Malfunctioning Exhaust Emissions Controls C.and California Tailpipe Emission Standards References List o

  2. Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although the average expenditure for a new car has increased from 1967 to 2009, family earnings have also been on the rise. For this period, new car expenditures went from $3,216 to $23,186, while...

  3. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    FTP and the high- power cycle of the proposed supplementalfor a particular high-power cycle and car in figure A.3. (

  4. Testimony to the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources POLICIES TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL ECONOMY 2:30 pm, Tuesday, January 30, 2007 Dirksen Senate to formulate effective policies to significantly increase motor vehicle fuel economy. The views I express today to supply the world's growing demand for liquid fuels. Why do we need fuel economy policy? For too long we

  5. Driving and passengering: notes on the ordinary organisation of car travel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurier, Eric; Lorimer, Hayden; Brown, Barry; Jones, Owain; Juhlin, Oskar; Noble, Allyson; Perry, Mark; Pica, Daniele; Sormani, Philippe; Strebel, Ignaz; Swan, Laurel; Taylor, Alex S; Watts, Laura; Weilenmann, Alexandra

    2008-01-01

    We spend ever increasing periods of our lives travelling in cars, yet quite what it is we do while travelling, aside from driving the vehicle itself, is largely overlooked. Drawing on analyses of video records of a series ...

  6. Fact #624: May 24, 2010 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by the fleet of each manufacturer will be determined by computing the sales-weighted harmonic average of the targets applicable to each of the manufacturer's passenger cars and...

  7. Cars on a diet : the material and energy impacts of passenger vehicle weight reduction in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheah, Lynette W. (Lynette Wan Ting)

    2010-01-01

    Vehicle weight reduction is a known strategy to address growing concerns about greenhouse gas emissions and fuel use by passenger vehicles. We find that every 10% reduction in vehicle weight can cut fuel consumption by ...

  8. Fact #693: September 19, 2011 Average Vehicle Footprint for Cars and Light Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A vehicle footprint is the area defined by the four points where the tires touch the ground. It is calculated as the product of the wheelbase and the average track width of the vehicle. The...

  9. Cars for the Poor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Regan, Katherine M.; Quigley, John M.

    1998-01-01

    Cars for the Poor BY KATHERINE M. O’REGAN & JOHN M. QUIGLEYcities have no access to cars, and 26 percent of black12, SPRING 1998 FIGURE 4 No Car, No Job? Average Journey to

  10. Frontal collision analysis of City Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neal, Terance (Terance K.)

    2009-01-01

    This experiment tests the proposed crash system of the CityCar. The car is to fold during the crash to help decrease the impact force experienced by the passengers. The experiment was conducted by running a simulation of ...

  11. Testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Science Committee IMPROVING THE NATION'S ENERGY SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS BE MADE MORE FUEL EFFICIENT? 2:00 pm, Wednesday, February 9, 2005 Rayburn standards were effective in raising passenger car and light truck fuel economy and curbing the growth, regardless of its product mix. Manufacturers emphasizing larger light trucks and passenger cars will clearly

  12. Pooled Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaheen, Susan

    1999-01-01

    many ideas for reducing car use. Most popular of course areand promising is the idea of pooling cars. It’s an ideain Europe, and has Pooled Cars sometimes proved successful.

  13. Floating Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, Daniel Baldwin

    2006-01-01

    land- scape of destroyed cars provides a stark illustrationTHE ACCESS ALMANAC Floating Cars BY DANIEL BALDWIN HESS S Uof the excessive number of cars in the United States, where

  14. robust passenger oriented airline scheduling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luis

    2010-10-29

    decision-making process, referred to as airline schedule planning. ... the future passenger demand on each market is of priority concern in the planning ..... Disrupted passengers are passengers that the company does not attend due to lack of.

  15. Supplement for "Secondary organic aerosol1 formation from idling gasoline passenger vehicle2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    40 °C. This facilitates evaporation and1 degradation of organic contaminants on the chamber walls passenger vehicles were tested at idling, the three cars selected8 represented three different European emission classes. All tested vehicles used three way9 catalysts. In the idling case, the cars were driven

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Car safety seats for children: rear facing for best protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Car safety seats for children: rear facing for best protection B Henary, C P between rear-facing (RFCS) and forward-facing (FFCS) car seats for children less than 2 years of age riding in passenger cars, sport utility vehicles, or light trucks were included in the study. Logistic

  17. Small Cars In Neighborhoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bosselmann, Peter C.; Cullinane, Daniel; Garrison, William L.; Maxey, Carl M.

    1993-01-01

    52 3. Neighborhood Cars for LivableVehicle Studies Inferences for the Neighborhood Car Usesof Neighborhood Cars Safety . . . . . . . . . . .

  18. Cable Car 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    implementation, savings are expected to total $500 million to $1 billion per year, with an associated reduction in carbon dioxide emissions of about 10 million tonnes per year - roughly equivalent to removing 1.5 million cars from the world's roads....

  19. Scrapping Old Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dill, Jennifer

    2004-01-01

    fleet has been aging, in part because cars just last longer.households today own more cars than they did thirty yearsInstead of trading in an old car for a new one, they are now

  20. Cars and Demographics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lave, Charles

    1992-01-01

    Cars and Demographics BY CHARLES LAVE Imagine that it'sBut they will quickly buy cars once they have enough moneymore people means more cars), while more sophisti- Jflflfl

  1. car goat goat 1 Car Goat Goat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCann, Robert J.

    quite awesome. Read on! PMU 199S Aha! Math Discovery... Assignment #9 due 19 March 2015 #12;car goat

  2. Diesel Futures Forget the black soot and smoke. Modern diesel-powered cars are quiet, clean and fast.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    passenger-car importer, Volkswagen, with new models of their own. As of now, only the VW Jetta/Golf/Beetle 1Diesel Futures Forget the black soot and smoke. Modern diesel-powered cars are quiet, clean, and be within a gnat's whisker of a gasoline hybrid like the Prius. The studies of total energy consumption

  3. Fact #715: February 20, 2012 The Average Age of Light Vehicles Continues to Rise

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The average age for cars and light trucks continues to rise as consumers hold onto their vehicles longer. Between 1995 and 2011, the average age for cars increased by 32% from 8.4 years to 11.1...

  4. Who Will Buy Electric Cars?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Thomas

    1995-01-01

    new-car annual sales, in a car market that is now about 1.4eaatrtf, uw-ioiheet running car a woman can drive. Standarde Politics: Towards a Green Car Market", 1995. UCTC Diss No.

  5. Keeping Children Safe in Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Jill

    2004-01-01

    seats manufactured for older cars without shoulder belts,assembled and installed in the car, and that can be trickyimpossible depending on the car’s age and model. Finally,

  6. The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

    1995-01-01

    HOW MANY HYBRID HOUSEHOLDS IN THE CALIFORNIA NEW CAR MARKET?average 2.43 cars per household, then the hybrid householdnumber of multi-car households that fit our hybrid household

  7. Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SUV, Van, and Pickup) from 1975 to 2014. Note: Car SUVs are those SUVs that must meet the car greenhouse gas emissions and corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards that were...

  8. Coherent Averaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien M. E. Fraïsse; Daniel Braun

    2015-04-13

    We investigate in detail a recently introduced "coherent averaging scheme" in terms of its usefulness for achieving Heisenberg limited sensitivity in the measurement of different parameters. In the scheme, $N$ quantum probes in a product state interact with a quantum bus. Instead of measuring the probes directly and then averaging as in classical averaging, one measures the quantum bus or the entire system and tries to estimate the parameters from these measurement results. Combining analytical results from perturbation theory and an exactly solvable dephasing model with numerical simulations, we draw a detailed picture of the scaling of the best achievable sensitivity with $N$, the dependence on the initial state, the interaction strength, the part of the system measured, and the parameter under investigation.

  9. Transportation Network Modeling in Passenger Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniels, Thomas E.

    , Cars (hybrid and gasoline) ­ Trains (electric and diesel) ­ Barges ­ Planes · Decision Variables - Modeled (infrastructure not taken into account) VDxxGasoline car Hybrid car GD M$/M gallon M gallon Infrastructure Demand Decision Variables Status - Personal vehicles Cars/ Gasoline & electricity Highway

  10. Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Program for Passenger Vehicles 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

  11. Bringing Electric Cars to Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel

    1995-01-01

    as promising alterna- tives to cars driven by internalnot only battery-powered cars, whose ultimate role may beElectric 1 QQ5). Studies, Cars" in In response to these

  12. Gearing Up for Electric Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel

    1994-01-01

    James MacKenzie, The Keys to the Car Washing- ton. D C WorldGearing Up for Electric Cars Daniel Sperhng Reprint UCTC Noor Gearing Up for Electric Cars Daniel Sperling Department

  13. Driving Safely In Smart Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puri, Anuj; Varaiya, Pravin

    1995-01-01

    Control of the Lead Car of a Platoon. IEEE Transactions on1993. Var93 P.Varaiya. Smart Cars on Smart Roads: ProblemsDriving Safely in Smart Cars Anuj Puri, Pravin Varaiya

  14. Car buyers and fuel economy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

    2007-01-01

    Fuel ef?ciency; Automobiles; Car buyers 1. Introduction 1.1.M. , ‘‘We probably drive each car about 7000 or 6000 milesgallons per year [for one car]; B. thinks this might be too

  15. Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The median age of cars continues to grow in 2008 while the median age of light trucks has remained fairly constant over the last ten years. The average age for all trucks, which includes heavy...

  16. Carly Wilkins | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    development consulting firm. Carly graduated from University of Maryland, Baltimore County with her BA in Visual Arts. When Carly isn't in the office creating...

  17. 2015 Summer STEM Program : Car to Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    student will race their car to see which one travels the farthest Tuesday -Present the experiment kit#12;2015 Summer STEM Program : Car to Car Communication Instructors: Monika Rathod, Ph.D. and Imad Mahgoub, Ph.D. Week One: June 8 - 12 Would you like to build a prototype car that is able to talk to other

  18. Policy effectiveness for road passenger transport emissions reductions across the world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercure, J -F

    2014-01-01

    The effectiveness of policy for emissions reductions in private passenger road transport depends on its ability to incentivise consumers to make choices oriented towards lower emissions vehicles. However, car purchase choices are known to be strongly socially determined, and this sector is highly diverse due to significant socio-economic differences between consumer groups. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of the structure of the 2012 private passenger vehicle fleet-years in six major economies across the World (UK, USA, China, India, Japan and Brazil) in terms of prices, engine sizes and emissions. This is done in order to evaluate the effectiveness of existing and possible fiscal and technological change policies for emissions reductions. We provide tools to understand and evaluate the effectiveness of policy taking account of the distributive structure of prices and emissions in segments of a diverse market, both for conventional as well as unconventional engine technologies. We furthermore explai...

  19. Sports Car Club 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    This work is devoted to formulation and development of a laser spectroscopic technique for rapid detection of biohazards, such as Bacillus anthracis spores. Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) is used as an underlying process for active...

  20. Towards CARS Endoscopy Franois Lgar*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

    Towards CARS Endoscopy François Légaré* Center for Nanoscale Systems and Department of Chemistry provide a proof-of-principle demonstration of CARS endoscopy. The design utilizes a single mode optical characteristics at intensities needed for endoscopy. CARS endoscopic images are recorded by collecting the epi-CARS

  1. Making CARS better Max Zimmerleya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potma, Eric Olaf

    Making CARS better Max Zimmerleya , Hyun Min Kima , Desiré Whitmorea , Vishnu Vardhan is presented of recent trends in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy. We briefly discuss the influence of tissue scattering on the CARS signal, methods for controlling the CARS emission and prospects

  2. Fact #870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Progress, 1978-2014 The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) is the sales-weighted harmonic mean fuel economy of a manufacturer's fleet of new cars or light trucks in a certain...

  3. Near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Phase I. Appendices A and B. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    In this report vehicle use patterns or missions are defined and studied. The three most promising missions were found to be: all-purpose city driving which has the maximum potential market penetration; commuting which requires mainly a two-passenger car; and family and civic business driving which have minimal range requirements. The mission selection process was based principally on an analysis of the travel patterns found in the Nationwide Transportation Survey and on the Los Angeles and Washington, DC origin-destination studies data presented by General Research Corporation in Volume II of this report. Travel patterns in turn were converted to fuel requirements for 1985 conventional and hybrid cars. By this means the potential fuel savings for each mission were estimated, and preliminary design requirements for hybrid vehicles were derived.

  4. Review: Car Country: An Environmental History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karalus, Daniel E

    2013-01-01

    Review: Car Country: An Environmental History By ChristopherUSA Wells, Christopher W. Car Country: An Environmentalabout his experiences with cars. He describes the joy of

  5. Car Access and Welfare-To-Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ong, Paul M.

    2002-01-01

    Problems Related to Child Car, Transportation, and Illness30. March. Ong, Paul "Work and Car Ownership Among WelfareRice (2000). "The Effect of Car Ownershipon the Employment

  6. Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gill, Richard D.

    Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR (Coarsening at Random) Richard Gill - Utrecht but independent) CCAR 3 door problem X=door with car behind Y=two doors still closed = {your first choice, other door left closed} 3 door problem X=door with car behind Y=(your first choice, other door left closed

  7. Subcommittee meets and reviews CAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Subcommittee meets and reviews CAR Does the course satisfy Content Area criteria? Yes errors in the CAR, separately send a list of corrections for Karen to make edits Karen will forward IF you are comfortable doing so, you may CC the course's instructor also Decide whether the CAR

  8. Tarmac delay policies : a passenger-centric analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderboll, Allison Elizabeth (Allison Sunny Elizabeth)

    2013-01-01

    In this work, we analyze the effectiveness of the 2010 Tarmac Delay Rule from a passenger-centric point of view. The Tarmac Delay Rule aims to protect enplaned passengers on commercial aircraft from excessively long delays ...

  9. Adaptive Traffic Lights Using Car-to-Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    Adaptive Traffic Lights Using Car-to-Car Communication Victor Gradinescu, Cristian Gorgorin, Raluca presents an adaptive traffic light system based on wireless communication between vehicles and fixed adaptive traffic light system. In section 4, we present the simulation framework we have developed

  10. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    reduction CO reduction NOx reduction depend on the durationhydrocarbons) and a 60% reduction in NOx compared to MY93CO and HC; and 75% reductions mandated for NOx. Powerful new

  11. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    Sensing Based Hydrocarbon Measurements: A Comparison to FTDpedal. ) In addition, hydrocarbon measurements are difficultthe NDIR Measurement of Exhaust Hydrocarbons,” CRC 5th On-

  12. Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cost effective reduction of legislated emissions (including CO2) is a major issue. NOx control must not be a limiting factor to the long term success of Diesel engines.

  13. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    emissions of up-stream energy production facilities foremissions of up- stream energy production facilities for

  14. Diesel Passenger Car Technology for Low Emissions and CO2 Compliance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for the US Market Laboratory and Vehicle Demonstration of a "2nd-Generation" LNT+in-situ SCR Diesel NOx Emission Control Concept Light-Duty Diesel Market Potential in North America...

  15. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    low with current technology. Modem direct-injection diesels,new direct injection stratified charge (DISC) spark-ignitionand cycle-by-cycle with direct injection of fuel into each

  16. APBF-DEC NOx Adsorber/DPF Project: Light-Duty Passenger Car Platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomazic, D; Tatur, M; Thornton, M

    2003-08-24

    A 1.9L turbo direct injection (TDI) diesel engine was modified to achieve the upcoming Tier 2 Bin 5 emission standard in combination with a NOx adsorber catalyst (NAC) and a diesel particulate filter (DPF). The primary objective for developing this test bed is to investigating the effects of different fuel sulfur contents on the performance of an advanced emission control system (ECS) in a light-duty application. During the development process, the engine-out emissions were minimized by applying a state-of-the-art combustion system in combination with cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). The subsequent calibration effort resulted in emission levels requiring 80-90 percent nitrogen-oxide (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) conversion rates by the corresponding ECS. The strategy development included ean/rich modulation for NAC regeneration, as well as, the desulfurization of the NAC and the regeneration of the DPF. Two slightly different ECS were investigated and calibrated. The initial vehicle results in an Audi A4 station wagon over the federal test procedure (FTP), US 06, and the highway fuel economy test (HFET) cycle indicate the potential of these configuration to meet the future Tier 2 emission standard.

  17. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    the 5th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop, CoordinatingApproach to Estimating Vehicle Emissions,” Presented at the4th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emission Workshop, March 16-18,

  18. Are SUVs Really Safer Than Cars?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Marc; Wenzel, Tom

    2002-01-01

    wrong. Many existing small-car models, built primarily byAre SUVs Really Safer Than Cars? BY TOM WENZEL AND MARC ROSSSUVs really are safer than cars, as some have alleged, we

  19. What If Cars Could Drive Themselves?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shladover, Steven E.

    2000-01-01

    What If Cars Could Drive Themselves? BY STEVEN E.SHLADOVER E V E N W H E N cars were still young, futuristssome of the implications of cars that could drive t h e m s

  20. Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

    2005-01-01

    Reports. (2005). “Which Cars Would People Get Again? ” Con-Motor Trend Announces 2004 Car of the Year. ” Motor Trend,Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. July. U.S. Internal

  1. Southern California: The Detroit of Electric Cars?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Allen J.

    1993-01-01

    University o f An early alternative to an electric car.THE DETROIT O F ELECTRIC CARS? BY A L L E N J . S C O T TUnited States where domestic car producers are now planning

  2. Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

    2005-01-01

    2005). “High Interest in Hybrid Cars. ” SCS Fact Sheet, Vol.May 2005 High Interest in Hybrid Cars I NTRODUCTION PublicThe unique features of a hybrid car mean that it is more

  3. Car Ownership and Welfare-to-Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ong, Paul M.

    2001-01-01

    Problems Related to Child Car, Transportation, and IllnessCar Ownership and Welfare-to-Work Paul M Ong Reprint UCTC Nofor conte~ts thereof oruse Car Ownership and Welfare-to-Work

  4. Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards set for model years (MY) 2011 through 2016 include small, 2-wheel drive sport utility vehicles (SUVs) with cars instead of light trucks. Until...

  5. DEP Car Competition | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of physics preventing them."- Michio Kaku, Theoretical Physicist Each year 20 middle school teams compete for the regional title of fastest car in the Argonne Electric Car...

  6. Vehicle hydraulic system that provides heat for passenger compartment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bartley, Bradley E. (Manito, IL); Blass, James R. (Bloomington, IL); Gibson, Dennis H. (Chillicothe, IL)

    2001-01-01

    A vehicle includes a vehicle housing which defines a passenger compartment. Attached to the vehicle housing is a hydraulic system, that includes a hydraulic fluid which flows through at least one passageway within the hydraulic system. Also attached to the vehicle housing is a passenger compartment heating system. The passenger compartment heating system includes a heat exchanger, wherein a portion of the heat exchanger is a segment of the at least one passageway of the hydraulic system.

  7. Advances in Diesel Engine Technologies for European Passenger...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technologies for European Passenger Vehicles 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Volkswagen AG 2002deerschindler.pdf More Documents & Publications Accelerating Light-Duty...

  8. Assessing the U.S. Senate Vote on the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preston, Scott

    classify cars as light trucks to "bend" the restrictions set by the standard. (Vehicles classified as light reclassified as a light truck, Subaru was able to add weight to the vehicle without making expenditures Kerry proposed raising the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standard for cars and trucks. On March

  9. Neutron resonance averaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chrien, R.E.

    1986-10-01

    The principles of resonance averaging as applied to neutron capture reactions are described. Several illustrations of resonance averaging to problems of nuclear structure and the distribution of radiative strength in nuclei are provided. 30 refs., 12 figs.

  10. The 18th Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC'07) FIRST RESULTS FROM CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zemen, Thomas

    (PIMRC'07) FIRST RESULTS FROM CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE RADIO CHANNEL MEASUREMENTS AT 5.2 GHZ apaier@nt.tuwien.ac.at ABSTRACT Car-to-car and car-to-infrastructure (henceforth called C2X cor- responding to the relative speed of the cars, and very concen- trated (in the Doppler domain

  11. Coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    Coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) For the study of biofilms Alexander Mc Vey1, Nils.f.mcvey@ed.ac.uk Polystyrene beads of diameter 2µm as imaged by the CARS system at COSMIC, The University of Edinburgh #12;Introduction Outline of CARS CARS set-up Results ­ Pushing the limits Results ­ Imaging E. coli Where do we go

  12. Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation ZEV #12;Advanced Clean Cars ZEV Program.4% of Annual Sales in 2025 Projected: ZEVs #12;Advanced Clean Cars Hydrogen Infrastructure · Without infrastructure, the cars won't come · Complementary Policies to support ZEV regulation ­ Clean Fuels Outlet

  13. Fact #870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress, 1978-2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) is the sales-weighted harmonic mean fuel economy of a manufacturer’s fleet of new cars or light trucks in a certain model year (MY). First enacted by...

  14. Essays on Structural Estimation in the European Car Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noton Norambuena, Carlos Esteban

    2010-01-01

    2.3.2 Car CharacteristicDomestic and Foreign Car Characteristics . . . . . . . . 1.4Shares of cars by brand’s

  15. In-car Airway Options for NASCAR Drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyreyes, Jonathan Q; Grange, Jeff; Smith, Dustin; Jin, Peter; Guldner, Greg

    2008-01-01

    Medicine Background: “Stock car” drivers may require anpresentation pregnancy. In-car Airway Options for NASCARhelmeted, and apneic stock car driver simulation model.

  16. Fuel-Efficiency Standards: Are Greener Cars Safer?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobsen, Mark

    2014-01-01

    safety implications for both car occupants and occupants ofpatterns emerged: 1) in single-car crashes (which make upfatalities), smaller and lighter cars are more vulnerable to

  17. Fiber delivered probe for efficient CARS imaging of tissues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balu, Mihaela; Liu, Gangjun; Chen, Zhongping; Tromberg, Bruce J; Potma, Eric O

    2010-01-01

    atherosclerotic lesions by CARS-based multimoddal nonlinearanti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy,” Proc. Natl.fiber for interferometric CARS microscopy,” Opt. Express 14,

  18. Ghetto Fabulous: Inner City Car Culture, the Law, and Authenticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Roger

    2010-01-01

    J. (Producer). (2005). Oakland cars gone wild: Are autoabout pretty women, classy cars and just generally showingK. (1997). Cruisin': Car culture in America. Minneapolis,

  19. Transfer passenger needs at airports : human factors in terminal design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brillembourg, Marie-Claire

    1982-01-01

    This thesis analyzes the needs of particular users of airport: transfer passengers. The object of this work has been to produce a set of design guidelines for terminals. these guidelines are framed upon a user-need survey ...

  20. Passenger-to-train assignment model based on automated data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yiwen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    This thesis aims at developing a methodology for assigning passengers to individual trains using: (i) fare transaction records from Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) system and (ii) the train tracking data from Automatic ...

  1. Pedestrian Only Area University visitors' car parks (limited access)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Campus Map Pedestrian Only Area Car Parks University visitors' car parks (limited access) Other university car parks Public multi-storey car park Lawns Free City Bus Stop ST. GEORGE'S FIELD WOODHOUSE LAN E

  2. Car-Rec: A Real Time Car Recognition System Daniel Marcus Jang and Matthew Turk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Car-Rec: A Real Time Car Recognition System Daniel Marcus Jang and Matthew Turk University. The resulting system is applied to the domain of car recognition and achieves accurate (> 90%) and real-time performance when searching databases containing thou- sands of images. 1. Introduction Car recognition

  3. On Self-Interested Agents in Vehicular Networks with Car-to-Car Gossiping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Sarit

    1 On Self-Interested Agents in Vehicular Networks with Car-to-Car Gossiping Sarit Kraus, Raz Lin, and Yuval Shavitt Abstract--As more and more cars are equipped with GPS and Wi-Fi transmitters, it becomes easier to design systems that will allow cars to interact autonomously with each other, e.g., regarding

  4. EVMS Certification CAR/CIO Status 4/24/12 Corrective Action Requests (CARs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    EVMS Certification CAR/CIO Status 4/24/12 Corrective Action Requests (CARs) Page 1 of 6 CAR01: Acceleration of schedule and added scope without formal baseline change Recommendation and DOEOFES. Action Taken ­ CAR01: ­ An Engineering Change Proposal (ECP004) was approved (10Nov2011

  5. University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy -v2 0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy - v2 0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy? The University of Aberdeen is aware of the importance of corporate. The University has developed to such an extent that its current car park capacity is not sufficient to provide

  6. Please cite this article in press as: Graff Zivin, J.S., et al., Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of marginal emissions: Implications for electric cars and other electricity-shifting policies. J. Econ. Behav. Organ. (2014),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotchen, Matthew J.

    2014-01-01

    of marginal emissions: Implications for electric cars and other electricity-shifting policies. J. Econ. Behav.elsevier.com/locate/jebo Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of marginal emissions: Implications for electric cars and other emissions per mile than the average car currently on the road. Underlying many of our results

  7. Terrein / car park: Inleveren bij / submit to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Procedure: Terrein / car park: Inleveren bij / submit to: Info: Vul a.u.b. uw gegevens in / please terrein, voor de duur van: Requests access to the car park(s) mentioned above for the period of voorbehoud kan van toepassing zijn. You can request access rights for the local car park(s) on one campus

  8. Average Angular Velocity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Essen

    2004-01-28

    This paper addresses the problem of the separation of rotational and internal motion. It introduces the concept of average angular velocity as the moment of inertia weighted average of particle angular velocities. It extends and elucidates the concept of Jellinek and Li (1989) of separation of the energy of overall rotation in an arbitrary (non-linear) $N$-particle system. It generalizes the so called Koenig's theorem on the two parts of the kinetic energy (center of mass plus internal) to three parts: center of mass, rotational, plus the remaining internal energy relative to an optimally translating and rotating frame.

  9. Car-to-car radio channel measurements at 5 GHz: Pathloss, power-delay profile, and delay-Doppler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zemen, Thomas

    Car-to-car radio channel measurements at 5 GHz: Pathloss, power-delay profile, and delay Contact: apaier@nt.tuwien.ac.at Abstract-- We carried out a car­to­infrastructure (C2I) and car­to­car (C2­Doppler spectra in a C2C highway scenario, where both cars were traveling in opposite directions. A pathloss

  10. Car-Free Housing Developments: Toward Sustainable Smart Growth and Urban Regeneration Through Car-Free Zoning, Car-Free Redevelopment, Pedestrian Improvement Districts, and New Urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, James A.

    2005-01-01

    ur- ban revitalization mechanisms, such as car-free zoning,new ur- banism, car-free redevelopment, and pedestriandesired to live in a car-free project. REIM AIRPORT - MUNICH

  11. Multi-Materials Vehicle R&D Initiative Lightweight 7+ Passenger...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Materials Vehicle R&D Initiative Lightweight 7+ Passenger Vehicle Multi-Materials Vehicle R&D Initiative Lightweight 7+ Passenger Vehicle 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program,...

  12. Car-Free Housing Developments: Toward Sustainable Smart Growth and Urban Regeneration Through Car-Free Zoning, Car-Free Redevelopment, Pedestrian Improvement Districts, and New Urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, James A.

    2005-01-01

    Sustainable Smart Growth and Urban Regeneration Through Car-Free Zoning, Car-Free Redevelopment, Pedestrian Improvement Districts, and New Urbanism

  13. Flying Cars | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES OctoberEvanServices »FirstCurrent Science Create a Flying Car

  14. Carly Wilkins | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:I DueBETOof EnergyR&D CarbonCarly Wilkins About

  15. EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Virginia Tech takes the checkered flag as the inaugural EcoCar competition comes to a close in Washington, D.C.

  16. Welcome to the Car Rental Dashboard Corporate Discount #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welcome to the Car Rental Dashboard Corporate Discount # The information contained in this document and Enterprise National Car rental and Enterprise rent-a-Car: Your Business Is Our Business. Welcome to the Car Rental Dashboard, where you can find all the details you need regarding your company's car rental program

  17. Arriving by Car When visiting the University, please be aware that car parking on campus is limited and is un-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Arriving by Car When visiting the University, please be aware that car parking on campus is limited to travel by car, please see the details below for available car parking. 1. Victoria Park Pay and Display in advance. 5. Almond Road (Euro Car Parks ­ next to Morrisons) Distance from the University: 1.13 miles

  18. An analysis of casual carpool passenger behavior in Houston, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winn, Justin Ray

    2005-08-29

    .......................................................24 3.2 Casual Carpool Passenger Counts, June 19, 2003 ................................................ 25 3.3 Katy Freeway Data Collection Sections................................................................ 27 3.4 Northwest Freeway... vehicle occupancies by providing a travel time savings to carpools (1). HOV lanes are typically built on congested freeways, and allow vehicles that meet specified occupancy requirements to bypass the delays associated with driving alone on the general...

  19. Taiwan High Speed Rail Keeping passenger safety at the forefront

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taiwan High Speed Rail Keeping passenger safety at the forefront Overview The Need Taiwan High, high-speed travel in Taiwan." -- Ming-Der Lee, manager of Maintenance Management Information Systems, Taiwan High Speed Rail Corporation Like a few countries, life on the island nation of Taiwan is shaped

  20. Accessibility Application Blue Badge Car Park UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    i Accessibility Application Blue Badge Car Park UK Konstantinos Grassos H00113751 August 2012. In this project, Blue Badge Car Park (BBCP) is presented which is actually a mobile-based park finder application. It specifically focuses on finding parking spaces for wheelchair users, which are indicated by the blue badge

  1. Suppression of chaotic vibrations in a nonlinear half-car model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tusset, Ângelo Marcelo E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Piccirillo, Vinícius E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Janzen, Frederic Conrad E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Lenz, Wagner Barth E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Balthazar, José Manoel; Fonseca Brasil, Reyolando M. L. R. da

    2014-12-10

    The present work investigates the nonlinear response of a half-car model. The disturbances of the road are assumed to be sinusoidal. After constructing the bifurcation diagram, we using the 0-1 test for identify the chaotic motion. The principal objective of this study is to eliminate the chaotic behaviour of the chassis and reduce its vibration, and for this reason a control system for semi-active vehicle suspension with magnetorheological damper is proposed. The control mechanism is designed based on SDRE technique, where the control parameter is the voltage applied to the coil of the damper. Numerical results show that the proposed control method is effective in significantly reducing of the chassis vibration, increasing therefore, passenger comfort.

  2. Fuzzy Throttle And Brake Control For Platoons Of Smart Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Dickerson, J.; Kosko, B.

    1995-01-01

    for Platoons of Smart Cars,” in Fuzzy Sets, Neural Networks,The hardware on the test car had limited memory and usedclosing rate between the cars. The spike at 15 seconds shows

  3. R&D Partnership for the Next Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel

    2001-01-01

    economy of midsize 1993 US cars (about Summit Tre a t y.supercede batter y-electric cars and i n t rusive governmentthe debate about tru e smaller cars than the midsized sedans

  4. On-Street Parking Spaces for Shared Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osgood, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    available to privately owned cars might even encourage morespace dedicated to a shared car can benefit many people,Fox, and Jon Burkhart. 2005. “Car-Sharing: Where and How It

  5. Strategies for Sharing Bottleneck Capacity among Buses and Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guler, Sukran Ilgin

    2012-01-01

    enable buses to bypass the car queues that still form atcrease a bottleneck’s car-carrying capacity, in comparisonthat significant reductions in car delays can result while

  6. Lane Localization for Autonomous Model Cars Lukas Maischak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziegler, Günter M.

    Lane Localization for Autonomous Model Cars Lukas Maischak B-14-03 July 2014 FACHBEREICH MATHEMATIK Introduction 5 2 The Platform 7 2.1 Hardware of autonomous, "self- driving" cars. Imagine that car accidents caused by human error

  7. Fact #695: October 3, 2011 New Car Dealerships | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5: October 3, 2011 New Car Dealerships Fact 695: October 3, 2011 New Car Dealerships The number of new car dealerships has declined by nearly 25% from 1991 to 2011. The largest...

  8. Coal cars - the first three hundred years

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin Robert Karig III

    2007-12-15

    This is the comprehensive study of the freight cars that conveyed coal across broad swaths of land that had been impassible before the invention of the steam engine. This volume traces the history and evolution of coal cars from their earliest use in England to the construction of major railways for the purpose of coal hauling and the end of the steam era on American railroads. In addition to contextualizing coal cars in the annals of industrial history, the book features extensive design specifications and drawings as well as a complete history of the various safety and mechanical innovations employed on these freight cars. It concludes with a photographic essay illustrating the development of the coal car over its first 300 years of use. 608 photos.

  9. Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of America, Inc. Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of...

  10. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies...

  11. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical...

  12. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments...

  13. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    7. 2007fcfpaccomplishmentsrpt.pdf More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006...

  14. FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report highlighting specific accomplishments that the FreedomCAR...

  15. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical...

  16. Nitrogen and hydrogen CARS temperature measurements in a hydrogen/air flame using a near-adiabatic flat-flame burner

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hancock, R.D.; Bertagnolli, K.E.; Lucht, R.P.

    1997-05-01

    Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy of diatomic nitrogen and hydrogen was used to measure flame temperatures in hydrogen/air flames produced using a nonpremixed, near-adiabatic, flat-flame Hencken burner. The CARS temperature measurements are compared with adiabatic flame temperatures calculated by the NASA-Lewis equilibrium code for equivalence ratios from 0.5--2.5. The nitrogen CARS temperatures are in excellent agreement with the equilibrium code calculations. Comparison of nitrogen CARS data and the equilibrium code calculations confirms that for sufficiently high flow rates the Hencken burner produces nearly adiabatic flames. Hydrogen CARS temperature measurements are compared to both nitrogen CARS temperature measurements and equilibrium code predictions in order to evaluate and improve the accuracy of hydrogen CARS as a temperature diagnostic tool. Hydrogen CARS temperatures for fuel-rich flames are on average 70 K ({approximately}3%) above the equilibrium code predictions and nitrogen CARS temperatures. The difference between temperatures measured using hydrogen and nitrogen CARS is probably due primarily to uncertainties in hydrogen linewidths and line-broadening mechanisms at these conditions.

  17. Investigation of Diesel combustion using multiple injection strategies for idling after cold start of passenger-car engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Payri, F.; Broatch, A.; Salavert, J.M.; Martin, J.

    2010-10-15

    A comprehensive investigation was carried out in order to better understand the combustion behaviour in a low compression ratio DI Diesel engine when multiple injection strategies are applied just after the engine cold starts in low temperature conditions (idling). More specifically, the aim of this study was twofold: on one hand, to understand the effect of the multiple injection strategies on the indicated mean effective pressure; on the other hand, to contribute to the understanding of combustion stability characterized by the coefficient of variation of indicated mean effective pressure. The first objective was fulfilled by analyzing the rate of heat release obtained by in-cylinder pressure diagnosis. The results showed that the timing of the pilot injection closest to the main injection was the most influential parameter based on the behaviour of the rate of heat release (regardless of the multiple injection strategy applied). For the second objective, the combustion stability was found to be correlated with the combustion centroid angle. The results showed a trend between them and the existence of a range of centroid angles where the combustion stability is strong enough. In addition, it was also evident that convenient split injection allows shifting the centroid to such a zone and improves combustion stability after start. (author)

  18. Car buyers and fuel economy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

    2007-01-01

    corporate average fuel economy standards. Economic InquiryAll rights reserved. Keywords: Fuel economy; Fuel ef?ciency;improvement in the fuel economy of an SUV they have designed

  19. Carsharing and Station Cars in Asia: An Overview of Japan and Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, Mathew; Shaheen, Susan; Fukuda, Tuenjai; Fukuda, Atsushi

    2007-01-01

    L . Novick. CarLink: A Smart Car- sharing System. Field TestAccessed July 2005. 25. Tan, C. Car Share Scheme Soon inK L : NTUC Income Car Co-op Mem­ bers May Have Use of Cars

  20. Passenger life-saving in a badly damaged aircraft scenario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Bolonkin

    2007-03-28

    Offered is a new method for saving passenger lives in any catastrofic situation, including total failure of aircraft control, extreme damage and loss aircraft wings, tail, breakdown all propelling engines, etc. It shown here that previous works which have proposed using only parachutes are useless because their proposers failed to consider the likely overload of the parachute jerk stress (at the moment of parachute release) and the impact of aircraft on Earth surface. These jeck and impact destroy aircraft and kill passengers. Offered is a connected series of related technical innovations which overcome these obvious difficalties and allow for a soft, near zero speed landing in any topographically suitable place, allowing potential to save aircraft. This method may be applied to all existing airplanes and increases their weight only about 1.5 - 2.5%. Also, the method may be used for vertically landing the already built aircraft, for example, when any runway is damaged or would become overloaded.

  1. Habitable Cars: what we do there 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurier, Eric; Brown, Barry; Lorimer, Hayden

    2005-01-01

    Two seats and a small sofa all facing forwards. The three piece suite of the conventionally designed car. A little living room. It is supplied with a stereo for playing music and a radio. More commonly now, DVD players ...

  2. Electric Car Competition | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electric Car Competition March 19, 2016 8:00AM to 12:30PM Location Building Offsite Type Meeting Series Educational Outreach Program Event Argonne will host the 2016 Regional...

  3. Performance Modeling of Intelligent Car Parking Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telek, Miklós

    introduction at the beginning of the century [2], the smart city concept enjoys an enormous attention from. In an intelligent car parking system the driver selects its destination on a smart- phone application when entering

  4. EcoCar Students Spread the Word

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An overview of the creative and engaging ways that teams participating in the EcoCar competition have worked to convey the benefits of advanced technology vehicles to policy makers and students across the U.S. and Canada.

  5. Reuse of hybrid car power systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirkby, Nicholas (Nicholas J.)

    2015-01-01

    Used hybrid car power systems are inexpensive and capable of tens of kilowatts of power throughput. This paper documents a process for using the second generation Toyota Prius inverter module to drive a three phase permanent ...

  6. EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle...

  7. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at...

  8. Introduction The coxsackievirus-adenovirus-receptor (CAR) was originally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Introduction The coxsackievirus-adenovirus-receptor (CAR) was originally found as a cell surface this pathological role as a virus receptor, the physiological function of CAR is largely unknown. CAR is a type I is selectively expressed on endothelium and platelets, and is structurally most closely related to CAR

  9. Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent Tao Zhang, 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    to include things like car parking charges, price of electrical car, energy awareness and word of mouth. In this paper we present a first case study related to the introduction of a new car park charging schemeModelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent 1 Lei Yu, ,2 Tao Zhang, 3 Siebers Peer-Ola, 4

  10. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gantt, Lynn

    2011-01-01

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

  11. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gantt, Lynn

    2013-05-29

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

  12. University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy -v2.0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy - v2.0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy? The University of Aberdeen is aware of the importance of corporate. The University has developed to such an extent that its current car park capacity is not sufficient to provide

  13. TrafficView: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring based on Car-to-Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    TrafficView: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring based on Car-to-Car Communication an intelligent transportation system, a common platform for inter-vehicle communication is needed. This platform, Directions, etc. Slide bar for areas infront or behind you Your car Other cars Fig. 1. Example of Traffic

  14. Spacetime Averaged Null Energy Condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglas Urban; Ken D. Olum

    2010-06-13

    The averaged null energy condition has known violations for quantum fields in curved space, even if one considers only achronal geodesics. Many such examples involve rapid variation in the stress-energy tensor in the vicinity of the geodesic under consideration, giving rise to the possibility that averaging in additional dimensions would yield a principle universally obeyed by quantum fields. However, after discussing various procedures for additional averaging, including integrating over all dimensions of the manifold, we give a class of examples that violate any such averaged condition.

  15. Spacetime averaged null energy condition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urban, Douglas; Olum, Ken D.

    2010-06-15

    The averaged null energy condition has known violations for quantum fields in curved space, even when one considers only achronal geodesics. Many such examples involve rapid variation in the stress-energy tensor in the vicinity of the geodesic under consideration, giving rise to the possibility that averaging in additional dimensions would yield a principle universally obeyed by quantum fields. However, after discussing various procedures for additional averaging, including integrating over all dimensions of the manifold, we give here a class of examples that violate any such averaged condition.

  16. Assessing the Role of Operating, Passenger, and Infrastructure Costs in Fleet Planning under Fuel Price Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smirti, Megan; Hansen, Mark

    2009-01-01

    the at summer 2008 fuel prices, regional jets have a higherstage lengths and fuel prices, passenger preferences for jetabsence of a fuel price increase, because smaller jets would

  17. Optimization and Control of a Hydro-Mechanical Transmission based Hybrid Hydraulic Passenger Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    Optimization and Control of a Hydro-Mechanical Transmission based Hybrid Hydraulic Passenger of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA ABSTRACT Hydro-mechanical transmission (HMT) based hybrid hydraulic vehicle

  18. Averaging Hypotheses in Newtonian Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Buchert

    1995-12-20

    Average properties of general inhomogeneous cosmological models are discussed in the Newtonian framework. It is shown under which circumstances the average flow reduces to a member of the standard Friedmann--Lema\\^\\i tre cosmologies. Possible choices of global boundary conditions of inhomogeneous cosmologies as well as consequences for the interpretation of cosmological parameters are put into perspective.

  19. TrafficView: Traffic Data Dissemination using Car-to-Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    TrafficView: Traffic Data Dissemination using Car-to-Car Communication Tamer Nadeema, Sasan high- tech devices are integrated, and a common platform for inter-vehicle communication is necessary platform for inter-vehicle communication is necessary to realize an intelligent transportation system

  20. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2007-01-01

    Consulting, Inc. , 9/2002 Life-cycle Assessment of PassengerChronicle, 11/24/2006 Life-cycle Assessment of PassengerLarge Large Large Large Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger

  1. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

    2007-01-01

    Consulting, Inc. , 9/2002 Life-cycle Assessment of PassengerLarge Large Large Large Life-cycle Assessment of PassengerChronicle, 11/24/2006 Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger

  2. Body Mass Index, Neighborhood Fast Food and Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inagami, Sanae; Cohen, Deborah A.; Brown, Arleen F.; Asch, Steven M.

    2009-01-01

    Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership Sanae Inagami,body mass index and whether car ownership might moderateRESTAURANT CONCENTRATION, AND CAR OWNERSHIP Quiznos, Little

  3. Cars and the City: An Investigation of Transportation and Residential Location Choices in New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salon, Deborah

    2006-01-01

    Weighted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Car Ownership inof Private Car Riding Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109 4.11 Number of Cars Per Household from the RT-HIS Sample

  4. Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan —— Chinese Urban Motorization Pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ximing, Lu

    2008-01-01

    Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan ——the automobile, the result is that car ownership has becomeof American families lack cars. In China, however, large

  5. Picosecond anti-Stokes generation in a photonic-crystal fiber for interferometric CARS microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andresen, Esben Ravn; Keiding, Søren Rud; Potma, Eric Olaf

    2006-01-01

    Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imag- ing,” Opt. Lett. 31,anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectral interferometry:scatte- ring spectroscopy (CARS),” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041803(

  6. Heteroscedastic CAR models for areally referenced temporal processes for analyzing California asthma hospitalization data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quick, Harrison; Carlin, Bradley P.; Banerjee, Sudipto

    2015-01-01

    Heteroscedastic CAR models for areally referenced temporalintroducing a het- eroscedastic CAR model that can greatlyconditional autoregression, or CAR) model that evolves con-

  7. Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature in Washington’s National Parks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron

    2006-01-01

    Review: Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature inLouter. Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature inpost-consumer waste. “Cars, not people, are the parks’

  8. Automobility in India: A Study of Car Acquisition and Ownership Trends in the City of Surat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Ipsita

    2011-01-01

    Size Category of Car Owned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Trends in sales of cars of different sizes, 2001-and other countries . . . . . . . . . . Car size segments in

  9. ChemMatCARS Data Archive

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

  10. Intermodal passenger flows on London's public transport network : automated inference of full passenger journeys using fare-transaction and vehicle-location data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Jason B. (Jason Benjamin)

    2012-01-01

    Urban public transport providers have historically planned and managed their networks and services with limited knowledge of their customers' travel patterns. While ticket gates and bus fareboxes yield counts of passenger ...

  11. ANALYSIS AND CONTROL DESIGN OF A HYDRO-MECHANICAL HYDRAULIC HYBRID PASSENGER VEHICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    ANALYSIS AND CONTROL DESIGN OF A HYDRO-MECHANICAL HYDRAULIC HYBRID PASSENGER VEHICLE Teck Ping, Sim@me.umn.edu ABSTRACT This paper gives the dynamic analysis of a hydro- mechanical transmission (HMT) drive train passenger vehicle with a hydro-mechanical transmission (HMT) drive train with regeneration and indepen- dent

  12. The UK government is currently committed to an economy-wide target of 80% reductions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    decisions when purchasing a car. emissiOns taRgets The UK's main policy commitment with regards to transport emissions is currently its participation in a voluntary agreement between the European Union and car of reducing CO2 emissions to an average level of 140 g/km for all new passenger cars by 2009 and an average

  13. The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    1 The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines Sarennah J.P. Longworth Newnham College of bolting together magnesium alloys components at temperatures around 100o C, such as those found in car

  14. Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in...

  15. Are Consumers Myopic? Evidence from New and Used Car Purchases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busse, Meghan R

    We investigate whether car buyers are myopic about future fuel costs. We estimate the effect of gasoline prices on short-run equilibrium prices of cars of different fuel economies. We then compare the implied changes in ...

  16. Formula SAE Competition Composites on Race Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colton, Jonathan S.

    Formula SAE Competition Composites on Race Cars Detroit ver. 1 ME 4210: Manufacturing Processes and Engineering Prof. J.S. Colton © GIT 2009 1 #12;May 2004May 2004 ME 4210: Manufacturing Processes and Engineering Prof. J.S. Colton © GIT 2009 2 #12;ME 4210: Manufacturing Processes and Engineering Prof. J

  17. Cars, Condoms, and Facebook Vaibhav Garg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    Cars, Condoms, and Facebook Vaibhav Garg Drexel University and L. Jean Camp Indiana University to conduct a survey based evaluation of perceptions of privacy risks on Facebook. We find sharing on Facebook. Our results indicate that more knowledge about privacy violations may lower risk

  18. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAR and Fuel Partnership is a collaborative effort among the Department of Energy (DOE), energy companies (BP and advance the pre-competitive, high-risk research needed to develop the component and infrastructure multiple options in each technology area (e.g., hydrogen production, hydrogen delivery, hydrogen storage

  19. Explanations of FreedomCAR/DOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Summary of FreedomCAR Targets and Basis for Targets prepared for the Grand Challenge Hydrogen Storage Solicitation.

  20. Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013 Fact 827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013 In...

  1. CarSpeak : a content-centric network for autonomous driving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suresh Kumar, Swarun

    2012-01-01

    We introduce CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from its local ...

  2. Chemically-selective imaging of brain structures with CARS microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

    Chemically-selective imaging of brain structures with CARS microscopy Conor L. Evans1§ , Xiaoyin Xu anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy to image brain structure and pathology ex vivo. Although. Definitive diagnosis still requires brain biopsy in a significant number of cases. CARS microscopy

  3. Component-based Car Detection in Street Scene Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    Component-based Car Detection in Street Scene Images by Brian Leung Submitted to the Department by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arthur C. Smith Chairman, Department Committee on Graduate Students #12;2 #12;Component-based Car consider the task of building a component-based detector in a more difficult domain: cars in natural images

  4. woodlane walkway Car Park 5a to close

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NO ENT RY NO ENT RY New Track Light New Track Light woodlane walkway Car Park 5a to close 9th to remain open Existing Barrier No change Observatory Car Park Car ParkNew Carpark CP6 CP3 CP5a Sports

  5. 2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial April 2008 #12;Purpose of this Lecture (1) 1 of the system, labeled FUN. - The function of this system is to control cars on a narrow bridge. - This bridge is controlling cars on a bridge between the mainland and an island FUN-1 - This can be illustrated as follows

  6. IS CARS REALLY CONFIDENTIAL? Counseling, consultation, and team-building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    IS CARS REALLY CONFIDENTIAL? Counseling, consultation, and team-building are all confidential processes within the limits of applicable law and ethical guidelines when conducted by CARS staff. The intent of CARS is not to intrude into the private lives of our clients, but rather to provide services

  7. 2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial 2009 #12;Purpose of this Lecture (1) 1 of this system is to control cars on a narrow bridge. - This bridge is supposed to link the mainland to a small island. #12;A Requirements Document (2) 6 The system is controlling cars on a bridge between the mainland

  8. CAR2 Displays Unique Ligand Binding and RXR Heterodimerization Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    CAR2 Displays Unique Ligand Binding and RXR Heterodimerization Characteristics Scott S. Auerbach ABSTRACT: The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR; NR1I3) regulates the expression of genes involved in xenobiotic metabolism. Alternative splicing of the human CAR gene yields an array of mRNAs that encode

  9. ENTROPY OF BOGOLIUBOV AUTOMORPHISMS OF CAR AND CCR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neshveyev, Sergey

    ENTROPY OF BOGOLIUBOV AUTOMORPHISMS OF CAR AND CCR ALGEBRAS WITH RESPECT TO QUASI-FREE STATES Sergey V. Neshveyev Abstract We compute the dynamical entropy of Bogoliubov automorphisms of CAR and CCR for the entropy of Bogoliubov automorphisms of the CAR-algebra with respect to quasi-free states obtained

  10. Robust Algorithms for Sorting Railway Cars Christina Busing1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabben, Reinhard

    Robust Algorithms for Sorting Railway Cars Christina B¨using1 and Jens Maue2 1 Institut f cars and reassembled to form new outgoing trains. Trains are subject to delay, which may turn deal with this issue by completely disregarding the input order of cars, which pro- vides robustness

  11. Congestion Attacks to Autonomous Cars Using Vehicular Botnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Congestion Attacks to Autonomous Cars Using Vehicular Botnets Mevlut Turker Garip, Mehmet Emre of the cars in the targeted area by orders of magnitude. After 5 minutes, the targeted road becomes completely prevent collisions. In a VANET, cars communicate with each other over a wireless channel. They can send

  12. Paths of Trains with Two-Wheeled Cars Luis Montejano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urrutia, Jorge

    Paths of Trains with Two-Wheeled Cars Luis Montejano , and Jorge Urrutia June 17, 2004 Abstract In this paper we study the following simple and mind-puzzling prob- lem: Can a model train car, which runs along closed curve, and the cars of our model train by segments whose end-points lie on the curve. 1

  13. Heterodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potma, Eric Olaf

    Heterodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging Eric O. Potma,* Conor L. Evans with heterodyne co- herent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) interferometric microscopy. This technique that is linear in the concentration of vibrational modes. We show that heterodyne CARS microscopy permits

  14. The Cortisol Awakening Response (CAR) in 2-to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Cortisol Awakening Response (CAR) in 2- to 4-Year-Old Children: Effects of Acute Nighttime Sleep Restriction, Wake Time, and Daytime Napping ABSTRACT: The cortisol awakening response (CAR suggest the CAR is smaller in children than adults, well- controlled research in early childhood is scarce

  15. Financial Policy Manual 2357 TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY RENTAL CARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    Financial Policy Manual Page 1 2357 ­ TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY ­ RENTAL CARS Resp. Office/Revision: April 1, 2015 PURPOSE To provide travel guidelines regarding the use of rental cars when traveling on behalf of the University. SCOPE This policy applies to the procurement of rental cars by and for all

  16. Fiber delivered probe for efficient CARS imaging of tissues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potma, Eric Olaf

    Fiber delivered probe for efficient CARS imaging of tissues Mihaela Balu1, Gangjun Liu1, Zhongping-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) signal in biological tissues. We discuss the design challenges including capturing the back- scattered forward generated CARS signal in the sample and the effects of fiber

  17. Sensorless but not Senseless: Prediction in Evolutionary Car Racing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Sensorless but not Senseless: Prediction in Evolutionary Car Racing Hugo Marques, Julian Togelius to develop predictors in order to drive a simulated car around a track without the most recent sensor data. In order to test the predictive abilities of our car we developed two experiments: one where the sensor

  18. ORIGINAL PAPER The 2007 IEEE CEC simulated car racing competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    ORIGINAL PAPER The 2007 IEEE CEC simulated car racing competition Julian Togelius Æ Simon Lucas Æ+Business Media, LLC 2008 Abstract This paper describes the simulated car racing competition that was arranged organized a simulated car racing competition. The competition was to be won by submitting a controller

  19. Prediction of regionalized car insurance risks based on control variates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    Prediction of regionalized car insurance risks based on control variates Marcus C. Christiansen, Christian Hirsch, Volker Schmidt October 1, 2013 Abstract We show how regional prediction of car insurance compute such predictors and consider an application to German car insurance data. 1 Introduction

  20. Remote controlling an autonomous car with an iPhone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, Raúl

    Remote controlling an autonomous car with an iPhone Miao Wang, Tinosch Ganjineh B-10-02 March 2010 #12;Remote controlling an autonomous car with an iPhone Miao Wang, Tinosch Ganjineh Free University" is a com- pletely autonomous car developed by the Free University of Berlin which is capable of unmanned

  1. Getting to the Residence By car all residences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    Getting to the Residence By car ­ all residences You may wish to use an online route planner. Motoring organisations such as the AA and RAC provide these or you can use you in-car navigation. Free & Display at local public house (Fox on the Hill) and Sainsbury's car park Stamford Street Apartments Red

  2. How to Buy a Used Car Alireza Fathi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Fei-Fei

    How to Buy a Used Car Alireza Fathi College of Computing Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332 When I wanted to buy a used car as a grad student, I asked a lot of questions from my that this document contains my points of view and preferences, and many might disagree with me. I bought a used car

  3. Evolving robust and specialized car racing skills Julian Togelius

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Evolving robust and specialized car racing skills Julian Togelius Department of Computer Science/C cars around several tracks of varying difficulty. The transferability of driving skills acquired when on after a general controller is developed, otherwise it hinders evolution. It is argued that simulated car

  4. HOPF CALCULATIONS IN DELAYED CAR-FOLLOWING MODELS Gabor Stepan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    HOPF CALCULATIONS IN DELAYED CAR-FOLLOWING MODELS G´abor St´ep´an and G´abor Orosz Department: A nonlinear car-following model that includes the reaction-time delay of drivers is considered. When, bistability 1. INTRODUCTION There are two important goals of traffic manage- ment when cars follow each other

  5. BIFURCATIONS IN A CAR-FOLLOWING MODEL WITH DELAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    BIFURCATIONS IN A CAR-FOLLOWING MODEL WITH DELAY G´abor Orosz , R. Eddie Wilson , Bernd Krauskopf of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TR, United Kingdom Abstract: A simple car-following model that includes the reaction time of drivers is analyzed by numerical continuation techniques for the case of five cars on a ring

  6. Hydrogen cars have zero emissions at the tailpipe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    · Hydrogen cars have zero emissions at the tailpipe · Hydrogen cars can be engineered to have a range similar to that of gasoline cars · Construction, operation, and maintenance of a hydrogen infrastructure would provide jobs · Hydrogen fuel cells have a higher "tank to wheel' efficiency than gasoline

  7. Measurement and editing of metallic car paint BRDF Martin Rump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behnke, Sven

    Measurement and editing of metallic car paint BRDF Martin Rump Institute for Computer Science II accurately reproduces complex effects of modern car paint like specular reflection, spatially varying glitter this approach to measured samples of metallic car paint and present a novel BRDF model that enables simple

  8. Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries College Heights Exxon 803 North Atherton Street State College, PA 16803 (814) 238) 237-0121 Yes No No #12;Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries Valvoline Instant Oil Change

  9. South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com South Florida a bargain haven for used cars, website says

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com South Florida a bargain haven for used cars, website says By Donna on a used car. According to CarGurus.com, a car-shopping website, used cars in Broward, Palm Beach and Miami on an analysis of 3 million listings for pre-owned cars across the country. Shopping patterns seem to bear

  10. Integrating Context and Occlusion for Car Detection by Hierarchical And-Or Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Song Chun

    Integrating Context and Occlusion for Car Detection by Hierarchical And-Or Model Bo Li, , Tianfu Wu context and occlusion for car detec- tion. The And-Or model represents the regularities of car-to-car context and occlusion patterns at three levels: (i) layouts of spatially-coupled N cars, (ii) single cars

  11. New NHTSA CAFE Standards (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    EISA2007 requires the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to raise the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for passenger cars and light trucks to ensure that the average tested fuel economy of the combined fleet of all new passenger cars and light trucks sold in the United States in model year (MY) 2020 equals or exceeds 35 mpg, 34% above the current fleet average of 26.4 mpg. Pursuant to this legislation, NHTSA recently proposed revised CAFE standards that substantially increase the minimum fuel economy requirements for passenger cars and light trucks for MY 2011 through MY 2015.

  12. Quantum Averages of Weak Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakir Aharonov; Alonso Botero

    2005-08-23

    We re-examine the status of the weak value of a quantum mechanical observable as an objective physical concept, addressing its physical interpretation and general domain of applicability. We show that the weak value can be regarded as a \\emph{definite} mechanical effect on a measuring probe specifically designed to minimize the back-reaction on the measured system. We then present a new framework for general measurement conditions (where the back-reaction on the system may not be negligible) in which the measurement outcomes can still be interpreted as \\emph{quantum averages of weak values}. We show that in the classical limit, there is a direct correspondence between quantum averages of weak values and posterior expectation values of classical dynamical properties according to the classical inference framework.

  13. Ballistic Resistance of Armored Passenger Vehicles: Test Protocols and Quality Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffrey M. Lacy; Robert E. Polk

    2005-07-01

    This guide establishes a test methodology for determining the overall ballistic resistance of the passenger compartment of assembled nontactical armored passenger vehicles (APVs). Because ballistic testing of every piece of every component of an armored vehicle is impractical, if not impossible, this guide describes a testing scheme based on statistical sampling of exposed component surface areas. Results from the test of the sampled points are combined to form a test score that reflects the probability of ballistic penetration into the passenger compartment of the vehicle.

  14. Ultracapacitor Technologies and Application in Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Andy

    2009-01-01

    The parallel hybrid passenger car (VW Golf) combined an EDLCpassenger cars using the ultracapacitors in micro-hybrid,passenger car using both carbon/carbon and hybrid carbon

  15. Achieving California’s Land Use and Transportation Greenhouse Gas Emission Targets Under AB 32: An Exploration of Potential Policy Processes and Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaheen, Susan A.; Bejamin-Chung, Jade; Allen, Denise; Howe-Steiger, Linda

    2009-01-01

    1999?for fuel economy, CO2 emissions, car dealerships Tax onfor passenger cars and induce GHG emission reductions. Taxesregulates CO2 emissions from passenger cars; the policy

  16. EcoCAR the Next Generation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EV Everywhere|Muscle Car | DepartmentManaged

  17. EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-01-01

    The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. In the final year, the vehicles ran through a series of safety and technical tests at GM's Proving Ground in Milford, Michigan very similar to those GM's own production vehicles undergo. As EcoCAR wraps up, it is only the beginning for the next chapter in the DOE's 23-year history of advanced vehicle technology competitions. In April, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David Sandalow announced the launch of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future http://www.ecocar2.org/index.html . We look forward to seeing the new and innovative designs that students bring to this challenge and know they will find a way to exceed even our highest expectations.

  18. EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29

    The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. In the final year, the vehicles ran through a series of safety and technical tests at GM's Proving Ground in Milford, Michigan very similar to those GM's own production vehicles undergo. As EcoCAR wraps up, it is only the beginning for the next chapter in the DOE's 23-year history of advanced vehicle technology competitions. In April, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David Sandalow announced the launch of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future http://www.ecocar2.org/index.html . We look forward to seeing the new and innovative designs that students bring to this challenge and know they will find a way to exceed even our highest expectations.

  19. Average-Atom Thomson Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Walter R.

    -Atom Approximation W. R. Johnson, Notre Dame J. Nilsen & K. T. Cheng, LLNL The cross section for Thomson scattering Average-Atom Model Divide plasma into WS cells with a nucleus and Z electrons p2 2 - Z r + V a(r) = a a(r) V(r) = VKS(n(r), r) n(r) = nb(r) + nc(r) 4r2nb(r) = nl 2(2l+1) 1+exp[( nl -µ)/kBT] Pnl(r)2 Z = r

  20. An investigation of the information needs of air passengers traveling to the airport 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdette, Debra Arlene

    2000-01-01

    and thus would have adequate time to evaluate their options. Finally, based on the survey results, air passengers indicated they would prefer to use e-mail, pagers, telephones, and the Internet when making future travel information inquiries...

  1. The evolution of passenger accessibility in the US airline industry, 1980-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenkins, James Joseph, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    Since deregulation, passenger air travel and the airline industry as a whole have changed dramatically. While most previous research has focused on the changes experienced by the airlines, this thesis seeks to understand ...

  2. THE FUTURE DEMAND FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL PASSENGER VEHICLES: A DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    ..............................................................................................................27 3.1.2 Natural Gas Vehicles ..........................................................................................................26 3.1.1 Liquefied Petroleum Gas VehiclesTHE FUTURE DEMAND FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL PASSENGER VEHICLES: A DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION APPROACH UC

  3. Examining changes in transit passenger travel behavior through a Smart Card activity analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojica, Carlos H

    2008-01-01

    Transit passenger behavior is an area of major interest for public transportation agencies. The relationship between ridership and maintenance projects, however, is unexplored but increasingly relevant in the era of aging ...

  4. Assessing the Role of Operating, Passenger, and Infrastructure Costs in Fleet Planning under Fuel Price Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smirti, Megan; Hansen, Mark

    2009-01-01

    ATA) Quarterly Cost Index: U.S. Passenger Airlines. http://fuel, termed Jet A, and the cost index in cents per gallon.The cost index, as defined by the Air Transportation

  5. Estimating train passenger load from automated data systems : application to London Underground

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul, Elizabeth Cheriyamadam

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to assess the feasibility of identifying which trains individual passengers take to get from their origin to destination while travelling in a high frequency urban rail transportation system. ...

  6. Development of Improved Traveler Survey Methods for High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail Planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperry, Benjamin

    2012-07-16

    in this dissertation, ridership estimates for new high-speed intercity passenger rail lines that are planned to serve intermediate communities should not assume that residents of these communities have similar characteristics and values. The d-efficient stated...

  7. A unified approach to semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles in hazard avoidance scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iagnemma, Karl

    This paper describes the design of unified active safety framework that combines trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles into a single constrained-optimal-control-based ...

  8. An empirical study of planning and scheduling interactions in the road passenger transportation domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    An empirical study of planning and scheduling interactions in the road passenger transportation between planning and scheduling in a specific scenario, road pas- senger transportation. The problem (what planning analyzes). The relative change consists of slightingly decreasing the energy level

  9. High-resolution line-shape spectroscopy during a laser pulse based on Dual-Broad-Band-CARS interferometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vereschagin, Konstantin A; Vereschagin, Alexey K; Smirnov, Valery V; Stelmakh, O M; Fabelinskii, V I; Clauss, W; Klimenko, D N; Oschwald, M E-mail: Al_Vereshchagin@mail.r E-mail: stelmakh@kapella.gpi.r

    2006-07-31

    A high-resolution spectroscopic method is developed for recording Raman spectra of molecular transitions in transient objects during a laser pulse with a resolution of {approx}0.1 cm{sup -1}. The method is based on CARS spectroscopy using a Fabry-Perot interferometer for spectral analysis of the CARS signal and detecting a circular interferometric pattern on a two-dimensional multichannel photodetector. It is shown that the use of the Dual-Broad-Band-CARS configuration to obtain the CARS process provides the efficient averaging of the spectral-amplitude noise of the CARS signal generated by a laser pulse and, in combination with the angular integration of the two-dimensional interference pattern, considerably improves the quality of interferograms. The method was tested upon diagnostics of the transient oxygen-hydrogen flame where information on the shapes of spectral lines of the Q-branch of hydrogen molecules required for measuring temperature was simultaneously obtained and used. (special issue devoted to the 90th anniversary of a.m. prokhorov)

  10. Achronal averaged null energy condition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, Noah; Olum, Ken D. [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States) and Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)

    2007-09-15

    The averaged null energy condition (ANEC) requires that the integral over a complete null geodesic of the stress-energy tensor projected onto the geodesic tangent vector is never negative. This condition is sufficient to prove many important theorems in general relativity, but it is violated by quantum fields in curved spacetime. However there is a weaker condition, which is free of known violations, requiring only that there is no self-consistent spacetime in semiclassical gravity in which ANEC is violated on a complete, achronal null geodesic. We indicate why such a condition might be expected to hold and show that it is sufficient to rule out closed timelike curves and wormholes connecting different asymptotically flat regions.

  11. Multi-Anticipative Piecewise-Linear Car-Following Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadir Farhi; Habib Haj-Salem; Jean-Patrick Lebacque

    2013-02-01

    We propose in this article an extension of the piecewise linear car-following model to multi-anticipative driving. As in the one-car-anticipative model, the stability and the stationary regimes are characterized thanks to a variational formulation of the car-dynamics. We study the homogeneous driving case. We show that in term of the stationary regime, the multi-anticipative model guarantees the same macroscopic behavior as for the one-car-anticipative one. Nevertheless, in the transient traffic, the variance in car-velocities and accelerations is mitigated by the multi-anticipative driving, and the car-trajectories are smoothed. A parameter identification of the model is made basing on NGSIM data and using a piecewise linear regression approach.

  12. WHO RIDES AND WHO PAYS: A COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE COSTS AND BENEFITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    times higher than those of passenger car and light-duty truck drivers. However, motorcycles require just capacities render them little or no better than most cars and some light-duty trucks (assuming average, emissions, space demands, and other differences inherent in motorcycle use, as compared to cars and trucks

  13. Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars Applied Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LBNL

    2008-07-02

    June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated ... June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

  14. Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars Applied Engineering

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    LBNL

    2009-09-01

    June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated ... June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

  15. Cars af Tomorrow and the American Community

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B LReports from thecarbonBW:GS:14-0032:UFCCarolCarolynCarrie Cars

  16. Hybrid Car Calculator | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea,Magazine JumpEnergyHyEnergy Systems IncWindCar

  17. EECBG Success Story: North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Recreation Department of North Lauderdale, Florida, is saving money and reducing its carbon footprint, thanks to the recent addition of two energy efficient "Smart Cars" to...

  18. Hybrid fs/ps Rotational CARS Temperature and Concentration Measurement...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Hybrid fsps Rotational CARS Temperature and Concentration Measurements Using Two Different ps-Duration Probe Beams. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Hybrid fsps...

  19. Federal Highway Administration - Pilot Car Escort - Best Practices...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: Federal Highway Administration - Pilot Car Escort - Best Practices...

  20. Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    How participating in the EcoCAR competition convinced one student to switch career paths and put her talents toward designing advanced vehicles.

  1. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

  2. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved in...

  3. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

  4. Manipulation of Nodes in a Connected Car Network Henry Hexmoor1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hexmoor, Henry

    Manipulation of Nodes in a Connected Car Network Henry Hexmoor1 , Guy Fraker2 1 Computer Science and communicate on motorways. The technology cars maintain connections and communicate via Wi-Fi. The Connected cars initiative envisions cars that form a dynamic social network. Each car exchanges local information

  5. Molecular emission from GG Car's circumbinary disk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Michaela; Nickeler, Dieter; Muratore, Florencia; Fernandes, Marcelo Borges; Aret, Anna; Cidale, Lydia; de Wit, Willem-Jan

    2012-01-01

    The appearance of the B[e] phenomenon in evolved massive stars such as B[e] supergiants is still a mystery. While these stars are generally found to have disks that are cool and dense enough for efficient molecule and dust condensation, the origin of the disk material is still unclear. We aim at studying the kinematics and origin of the disk in the eccentric binary system GG Car, whose primary component is proposed to be a B[e] supergiant. Based on medium- and high-resolution near-infrared spectra we analyzed the CO-band emission detected from GG Car. The complete CO-band structure delivers information on the density and temperature of the emitting region, and the detectable 13CO bands allow us to constrain the evolutionary phase. In addition, the kinematics of the CO gas can be extracted from the shape of the first 12CO band head. We find that the CO gas is located in a ring surrounding the eccentric binary system, and its kinematics agrees with Keplerian rotation with a velocity, projected to the line of si...

  6. Time-gated single photon counting enables separation of CARS microscopy data from multiphoton-excited tissue autofluorescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ly, Sonny; McNerney, Gregory; Chan, James; Fore, Samantha; Huser, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Raman scattering microscopy (CARS): Instrumentation andanti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging," Opt. Lett. 31,and separated from the CARS signal by employing time-gating

  7. RoSCAR: Robot Stock Car Autonomous Racing , Corey Montella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spletzer, John R.

    RoSCAR: Robot Stock Car Autonomous Racing Kyle Hart , Corey Montella , Georges Petitpas , DylanSCAR. The platform is based on a 1/10-scale short track race car, integrated with an on-board desktop-class computer of Computer Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering ABSTRACT In this paper, we present

  8. ChargeCar Community Conversions: Practical, Electric Commuter Vehicles Now!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ChargeCar Community Conversions: Practical, Electric Commuter Vehicles Now! H. Ben Brown, Illah-range electric commuter vehicles (EVs) is here now! The ChargeCar project at Carnegie Mellon University aims to exploit today's technology to make efficient, clean, quiet, commuter electric vehicles avail- able

  9. Flying Robots and Flying Cars Heinrich H. Blthoff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flying Robots and Flying Cars Heinrich H. Bülthoff Biological Cybernetics Research at the Max Flying Robots -- Human Robot Interaction group at MPI Tübingen Flying Cars -- European Project (my. Robuffo Giordano Human Robot Interaction group Bilateral shared control of Flying Robots M. Cognetti, V

  10. The Hybridization of a Formula Race Car K. W. Benson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    competition rules were changed to disallow hybrids that use on-board energy storage [1]. Thus, the car builtThe Hybridization of a Formula Race Car K. W. Benson D. A. Fraser S. L. Hatridge C. A. Monaco R. J or republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works

  11. Cars, buses, and jobs: Welfare Participants and Employment Access in Los Angeles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumenberg, Evelyn A.; Ong, Paul M.

    2002-01-01

    CARS, BUSES, AND JOBS: Welfare Participants and Employment8775, pmong@ucla.edu Blumenberg & Ong Cars, Buses, and Jobs:without difficulty by either car or public transit. However,

  12. The car, immigrants and poverty: implications for immigrant earnings and job access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, William A.V.; Wang, Wenfei Winnie

    2008-01-01

    Head Citizen Foreign Born Car Occupation R-Square Adj R-SqD. ,2005, The effects of car access on employment outcomes567-588 Ong, P. , 1996, Work and car ownership among welfare

  13. Single pulse phase-control interferometric coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy (CARS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sang-Hyun; Caster, Allison G.; Leone, Stephen R.

    2005-01-01

    b) Energy level diagram of the CARS process. Fig. 2. (a)of pump/Stokes, probe and CARS signal detection (i and j). (spectrometer. Fig. 3. DQSI-CARS of toluene: (a), (b) The

  14. Cars and Drivers in the New Suburbs: Linking Access to Travel in Neotraditional Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crane, Randall

    1994-01-01

    Neotradltlonal TownPlanmng. Cars, Pedestmans, and Transit,Cars and Drivers in the NewSuburbs: Linking Access to Travelspccxfica~on, or mguIahon Cars and Drivers in the New

  15. Neighborhoods, Cars, and Commuting in New York City: A Discrete Choice Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salon, Deborah

    2008-01-01

    D. , 1999. Income’s effect on car and vehicle ownership,Jong, G. , 1990. An indirect utility model of car ownershipand private car use. European Economic Review 34, 971–985.

  16. Structural Estimation of Price Adjustment Costs in the European Car Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noton, Carlos

    2009-01-01

    Sys- tem: the European Car Market”. C.E.P.R. DiscussionPrice Dispersion in the European Car Market”. The Review ofPrice: Evidence from the European Car Market”. Journal of

  17. The Performance of Chicano Masculinity in Lowrider Car Culture: The Erotic Triangle, Visual Sovereignty, and Rasquachismo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chavez, Michael Juan

    2012-01-01

    Martin. 2007. I Want My Car to Look Like a Whore: LowridingPress. Vigil, Diego. 1991. “Car Charros: Cruising andMasculinity in Lowrider Car Culture: The Erotic Triangle,

  18. Integrin alpha v beta 5 is a primary receptor for adenovirus in CAR-negative cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyle, Cynthia; McCormick, Frank

    2010-01-01

    lactoferrin as a bridge for CAR-independent binding to and18. Alemany R, Curiel DT: CAR-binding ablation does notfactors and redundancy of CAR binding by Ad5. J Virol 2007,

  19. Grouping travelers on the basis of their different car and transit levels of use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diana, Marco; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

    2009-01-01

    Elgar, A. , Bekhor, S. : Car-rider segmentation according tostatus and investment in car mobility. Transp. Res. Rec.people talk about bus and car travel. Transp. Res. A Jensen,

  20. Grouping Travelers on the Basis of their Different Car and Transit Levels of Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diana, Marco; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

    2009-01-01

    Elgar, A. , Bekhor, S. : Car-rider segmentation according tostatus and investment in car mobility. Transp. Res. Rec.people talk about bus and car travel. Transp. Res. A Jensen,

  1. Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Car-sharing programs are not new to the United States, but have grown significantly over the last five years in an effort to provide an alternative to car ownership. Typically, car-sharing programs...

  2. Fact #557: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by State Fact 557: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by State From 2007 to 2008 the total number of new car...

  3. Committee on the Administration of Research (CAR) The Committee on the Administration of Research (CAR) was established by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    July 2014 Committee on the Administration of Research (CAR) Purpose The Committee on the Administration of Research (CAR) was established by the Research Development Advisory Council (ReDAC) for the purpose of discussing continuing and emerging issues related to research administration and compliance

  4. A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control Technologies A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control...

  5. Fact #719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuousl...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable Transmissions Fact 719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable...

  6. Indoor air quality control for improving passenger health in subway platforms using an outdoor air quality dependent ventilation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indoor air quality control for improving passenger health in subway platforms using an outdoor air online 19 May 2015 Keywords: Ventilation control system Indoor air quality Indoor air pollution control Outdoor air quality Passenger health promotion Ventilation energy a b s t r a c t Indoor air quality (IAQ

  7. The Passenger Safety Project at the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service works to reduce deaths and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    killed and 462 were injured every day in the United States in motor vehicle crashes during 2012 have a higher crash incidence and death rate than urban areas. Response The Passenger Safety ProjectThe Passenger Safety Project at the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service works to reduce deaths

  8. Spectral averaging techniques for Jacobi matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafael del Rio; Carmen Martinez; Hermann Schulz-Baldes

    2008-02-20

    Spectral averaging techniques for one-dimensional discrete Schroedinger operators are revisited and extended. In particular, simultaneous averaging over several parameters is discussed. Special focus is put on proving lower bounds on the density of the averaged spectral measures. These Wegner type estimates are used to analyze stability properties for the spectral types of Jacobi matrices under local perturbations.

  9. Use of a new microporous insulation in a sub car at Acme Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harvey, H.; Gamble, F.C.; MacKenzie, I.B.

    1996-12-31

    Acme Steel Co. is a small integrated steel company headquartered in Riverdale IL., with its blast furnace and coke plant operations located in the city of Chicago. Rail transportation between the two plants is by Conrail with two crews assigned exclusively to Acme. The torpedo cars used for this service are specially reinforced, with 36 in. wheels and additional braking capability for safety on public rail tracks. Over a seven month period, microporous insulating panels 0.28 in. thick in No. 49 sub ladle saved an average 24 degrees in the iron on arrival at the BOF compared to the average for the rest of the fleet. The microporous insulation replaced 0.25 in. of compressed fiber panel.

  10. Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

    2009-01-01

    passenger cars using the ultracapacitors in micro-hybrid,passenger car using both carbon/carbon and hybrid carbonhybrid vehicle designs and operating strategies are shown in Table 1 for a mid-size passenger car.

  11. A brief study into the impact University of Bath has had on CO2 emissions and the cost of ownership of passenger cars.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    their expertise and resources are among the very best applicators of these tests in the UK and have been able of oil needed to protect the engine at any particular time thereby saving energy, fuel and reducing CO2 totalled 129,200 in Europe in 2012 and sales of this engine will soon reach 300,000 per year, coming from

  12. Ridesharing with Passenger Transfers Brian Coltin1 and Manuela Veloso1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veloso, Manuela M.

    destination, filling empty seats to conserve fuel, reduce pollution and split costs. This process will become between vehicles. Our focus is on finding fast, sub-optimal algorithms to plan driver routes of multiple vehicles, passengers can travel further at less inconvenience to drivers (see Figure 1

  13. Optimal Design of Power-Split Transmissions for Hydraulic Hybrid Passenger Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    Optimal Design of Power-Split Transmissions for Hydraulic Hybrid Passenger Vehicles Kai Loon Cheong, Perry Y. Li and Thomas R. Chase Abstract-- Hydraulic hybrid vehicles are inherently power dense. Power-split or hydro-mechanical transmissions (HMT) have advantages over series and parallel architectures

  14. Transit Smart Card Data Mining for Passenger Origin Information Graduate Research Assistant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Transit Smart Card Data Mining for Passenger Origin Information Extraction Xiaolei Ma Graduate inherent advantages in low labor cost and high efficiency for fare collection and transaction data archival. Although it is possible to collect highly valuable data from transit SC transactions, substantial efforts

  15. Flight Path and Wing Optimization of Lithium-Air Battery Powered Passenger Aircraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Juan J.

    in the design of electrically-driven aircraft, particularly in the case of fuel cells and batteries.5­7 One to implement vis. a vis. fuel cells, in particular, liquid hydrogen fuel cells. However, present-day batteryFlight Path and Wing Optimization of Lithium-Air Battery Powered Passenger Aircraft J. Michael Vegh

  16. Applying engineering and fleet detail to represent passenger vehicle transport in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    efficiency Alternative fuel vehicles A well-known challenge in computable general equilibrium (CGE) modelsApplying engineering and fleet detail to represent passenger vehicle transport in a computable for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR

  17. Mobile Journey Planning for Bus Passengers Desmond Rainsford and William A Mackaness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the area of Location Based Services (LBS) is the delivery of journey plans to a mobile device. Few journey over mobile devices. The application is novel in the modelling of the pedestrian elements1 Mobile Journey Planning for Bus Passengers Desmond Rainsford and William A Mackaness Geography

  18. De Finetti theorem on the CAR algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vito Crismale; Francesco Fidaleo

    2012-03-20

    The symmetric states on a quasi local C*-algebra on the infinite set of indices J are those invariant under the action of the group of the permutations moving only a finite, but arbitrary, number of elements of J. The celebrated De Finetti Theorem describes the structure of the symmetric states (i.e. exchangeable probability measures) in classical probability. In the present paper we extend De Finetti Theorem to the case of the CAR algebra, that is for physical systems describing Fermions. Namely, after showing that a symmetric state is automatically even under the natural action of the parity automorphism, we prove that the compact convex set of such states is a Choquet simplex, whose extremal (i.e. ergodic w.r.t. the action of the group of permutations previously described) are precisely the product states in the sense of Araki-Moriya. In order to do that, we also prove some ergodic properties naturally enjoyed by the symmetric states which have a self--containing interest.

  19. Automobility in India: A Study of Car Acquisition and Ownership Trends in the City of Surat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Ipsita

    2011-01-01

    Mitsubishi, Skoda, Suzuki, Volkswagen, and Volvo have set upManufacturer Passenger Vehicles (PV) Premium Volkswagen -Audi Volkswagen India Private Limited Luxury BMW India

  20. Carly Anderson and Emily Davidson April 23, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budker, Dmitry

    Conducting Polymers Carly Anderson and Emily Davidson April 23, 2013 http://www.polymersolutions.com/blog/demand for conductive polymers: The original thought: Replace copper in printed circuits and transmission lines

  1. 3D-Printed Car by Local Motors- The Strati

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A timelapse video of the production process behind The Strati - the 3D-printed car by Local Motors, which manufactured with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and delivered at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September of 2014.

  2. Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at Kentucky Speedway (NASA)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

  3. Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Forty-four teams entered the middle school Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car Competition, and two teams distinguished themselves, one for speed and the other for design.

  4. Addiction to car use and dynamic elasticity measures in France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    that the assumption of addiction to car use cannot be rejected. Furthermore, the model yields realistic kilometric but not only. Indeed, the perspective of global peak oil and oil scarcity pleads for the necessity to find new

  5. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oak Ridge National Lab's work with Local Motors to build a 3D-printed car was highlighted at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September 2014 with a live demonstration.

  6. Semi-Autonomous Car Control Using Brain Computer Daniel Gohring, David Latotzky, Miao Wang, Raul Rojas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Göhring, Daniel

    Semi-Autonomous Car Control Using Brain Computer Interfaces Daniel G¨ohring, David Latotzky, Miao, Germany Abstract--In this paper we present an approach to control a real car with brain signals. To achieve this, we use a brain computer interface (BCI) which is connected to our autonomous car. The car

  7. CREDIT CARDS AND CARS: THE MATHEMATICS OF THE AMERICAN DREAM PART I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashline, George

    CREDIT CARDS AND CARS: THE MATHEMATICS OF THE AMERICAN DREAM PART I George Ashline Joanna Ellis between financing and leasing a new car. Keywords: Credit cards, car payments, simple interest, finance card statement and choosing whether to buy or lease a car; to provide motivation for various topics

  8. Car Parking Regulations_09.05.13_SGD University of St Andrews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    Car Parking Regulations_09.05.13_SGD University of St Andrews Estates Car Parking Regulations Commencement and Citation These Regulations may be cited as the University of St Andrews Car Parking September in any year. 1. Car Parking Regulations 1.1 No person shall park a vehicle within a University

  9. 2.810 Manufacturing Processes and Systems Project Report: Design and Fabrication of Radio Controlled Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    Controlled Cars Group D: Team Members Shorya Awtar Jeff Dahmus Hyun Kim Raul Martinez Pat Willoughby James involved in the design and fabrication of the car. These items were: · Car Chassis · Rear Suspension · Front Suspension · Steering Mechanism and Interface · Interface Plate and Electronics · Car Shell

  10. Modeling demand for electric vehicles: the effect of car users' attitudes and perceptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierlaire, Michel

    Modeling demand for electric vehicles: the effect of car users' attitudes and perceptions Aur Abstract The near arrival of electric vehicles on the car market generates a need for new models in order electric cars and petrol-driven ones and in particular which include the respondents' own cars

  11. Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Mechanics Modelling of Transition Metal Complexes: Structure, Dynamics and Reactivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Mechanics Modelling of Transition Metal Complexes: Structure). We have recently developed a QM/MM extension of a Car-Parrinello scheme [5]. These hybrid Car functional theory embedded in a classical force field description. The power of such a combined Car

  12. Security and Privacy Vulnerabilities of In-Car Wireless Networks: A Tire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Wenyuan

    Security and Privacy Vulnerabilities of In-Car Wireless Networks: A Tire Pressure Monitoring System companies to collect data ­ "iChange" controls the car via an iPhone ­ More in-car wireless sensor networks. Virtually, all new cars sold or manufactured after 2007 in US are equipped with wireless TPMS. Computer

  13. Invariance and homogenization of an adaptive time gap car-following model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monneau, Régis

    Invariance and homogenization of an adaptive time gap car-following model R. Monneau , M called the adaptive time gap car- following model. This is a system of ODEs which describes the interactions between cars moving on a single line. The time gap is the time that a car needs to reach

  14. Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Did you know that more than half of the gas we buy -- and the money we spend on it -- is wasted? Even the most efficient drivers are at the mercy of their vehicles' internal combustion engines, which lose an average of 60 percent of their energy as heat from the tailpipe and radiator.

  15. Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1970, about 15% of all cars sold were imported (built outside of North America) and about 5% of all light trucks sold were imported. These import shares grew during the 1970’s and the early 1980...

  16. Dynamic Multiscale Averaging (DMA) of Turbulent Flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard W. Johnson

    2012-09-01

    A new approach called dynamic multiscale averaging (DMA) for computing the effects of turbulent flow is described. The new method encompasses multiple applications of temporal and spatial averaging, that is, multiscale operations. Initially, a direct numerical simulation (DNS) is performed for a relatively short time; it is envisioned that this short time should be long enough to capture several fluctuating time periods of the smallest scales. The flow field variables are subject to running time averaging during the DNS. After the relatively short time, the time-averaged variables are volume averaged onto a coarser grid. Both time and volume averaging of the describing equations generate correlations in the averaged equations. These correlations are computed from the flow field and added as source terms to the computation on the next coarser mesh. They represent coupling between the two adjacent scales. Since they are computed directly from first principles, there is no modeling involved. However, there is approximation involved in the coupling correlations as the flow field has been computed for only a relatively short time. After the time and spatial averaging operations are applied at a given stage, new computations are performed on the next coarser mesh using a larger time step. The process continues until the coarsest scale needed is reached. New correlations are created for each averaging procedure. The number of averaging operations needed is expected to be problem dependent. The new DMA approach is applied to a relatively low Reynolds number flow in a square duct segment. Time-averaged stream-wise velocity and vorticity contours from the DMA approach appear to be very similar to a full DNS for a similar flow reported in the literature. Expected symmetry for the final results is produced for the DMA method. The results obtained indicate that DMA holds significant potential in being able to accurately compute turbulent flow without modeling for practical engineering applications.

  17. MESOSCALE AVERAGING OF NUCLEATION AND GROWTH MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    MESOSCALE AVERAGING OF NUCLEATION AND GROWTH MODELS MARTIN BURGER , VINCENZO CAPASSO , AND LIVIO-Kolmogorov relations for the degree of crystallinity. By relating the computation of expected values to mesoscale averaging, we obtain a suitable description of the process at the mesoscale. We show how the variance

  18. Optimal Average Cost Manufacturing Flow Controllers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veatch, Michael H.

    policy the differ- ential cost is C1 on attractive control switching boundaries. Index Terms Average costOptimal Average Cost Manufacturing Flow Controllers: Convexity and Differentiability Michael H and differentiability of the differential cost function are investigated. It is proven that under an optimal control

  19. Averages in vector spaces over finite fields 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright J.; Carbery A.; Stones B.

    2008-01-01

    We study the analogues of the problems of averages and maximal averages over a surface in R-n when the euclidean structure is replaced by that of a vector space over a finite field, and obtain optimal results in a number ...

  20. How Pervasive Is the Product Cycle? The Empirical Dynamics of American and Japanese Trade Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gagnon, Joseph E.; Rose, Andrew K.

    1991-01-01

    electrical switchgear; telecommunications apparatus n.e.s. ; passenger cars;electrical switchgear; telecommunications apparatus n.e.s. ; semiconductors; passenger cars;

  1. The projected pathways and environmental impact of China's electrified passenger vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Summer Jiakun

    2015-01-01

    As the world's largest market for car sales, China's rapidly rising number of light-duty vehicles (LDVs) on the road have resulted in serious problems such as increasing CO2 emissions, energy insecurity, and air pollution. ...

  2. HAVING A CAR IN BOSTON There are many wonderful aspects of life here in Boston; unfortunately, owning and driving a car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    HAVING A CAR IN BOSTON There are many wonderful aspects of life here in Boston; unfortunately, owning and driving a car is not one of them. Especially within Boston city limits, off-street parking do not have a specific need for a car in your first year (such as a commute requiring one), we

  3. Assessment of the potential diversion of air passengers to high-speed rail in the northeast corridor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Michael D. D.

    1994-01-01

    The high level of intercity passenger travel in the Northeast Corridor is supported by densely populated metropolitan city-centers, the suitable distance between the urban areas, and the extent to which economic and social ...

  4. Climate and energy policy for U.S. passenger vehicles : a technology-rich economic modeling and policy analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karplus, Valerie J

    2011-01-01

    Climate and energy security concerns have prompted policy action in the United States and abroad to reduce petroleum use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from passenger vehicles. Policy affects the decisions of firms and ...

  5. Using Vehicle Taxes to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rates of New Passenger Vehicles: Evidence from France, Germany, and Sweden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klier, Thomas

    France, Germany, and Sweden link vehicle taxes to the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rates of passenger vehicles. Based on new vehicle registration data from 2005–2010, a vehicle’s tax is negatively correlated with its ...

  6. Bus passenger origin-destination estimation and travel behavior using automated data collection systems in London, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    This research explores the application of archived data from Automatic Data Collection Systems (ADCS) to transportation planning with a focus on bus passenger Origin-Destination (OD) inferences at the bus-route level and ...

  7. Balancing China's Seasonal Intercity Travel Demand: Alternatives for Freight Rail Expansion to Reduce Seasonal Passenger Rail Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Lingling

    2013-12-31

    overwhelmedintercity transportation systems, particularly passenger rail. This transportation problem has emerged due to spatial economic imbalance: workers have had to travel betweentheir homes in rural hinterlands to factory jobs on the industrial coast, which had...

  8. STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 Mignon Marks Principal Author Mignon Marks Project Manager David Ashuckian Manager ELECTRICITY ANALYSIS OFFICE Sylvia Bender Acting Deputy Director ELECTRICITY SUPPLY DIVISION B.B. Blevins Executive Director

  9. Distributed Averaging Via Lifted Markov Chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Kyomin

    Motivated by applications of distributed linear estimation, distributed control, and distributed optimization, we consider the question of designing linear iterative algorithms for computing the average of numbers in a ...

  10. Thermal ghost imaging with averaged speckle patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Jeffrey H.

    We present theoretical and experimental results showing that a thermal ghost imaging system can produce images of high quality even when it uses detectors so slow that they respond only to intensity-averaged (that is, ...

  11. Selling Geothermal Systems The "Average" Contractor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selling Geothermal Systems #12;The "Average" Contractor · History of sales procedures · Manufacturer Driven Procedures · What makes geothermal technology any harder to sell? #12;"It's difficult to sell a geothermal system." · It should

  12. Spacetime Average Density (SAD) cosmological measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Page, Don N.

    2014-11-01

    The measure problem of cosmology is how to obtain normalized probabilities of observations from the quantum state of the universe. This is particularly a problem when eternal inflation leads to a universe of unbounded size so that there are apparently infinitely many realizations or occurrences of observations of each of many different kinds or types, making the ratios ambiguous. There is also the danger of domination by Boltzmann Brains. Here two new Spacetime Average Density (SAD) measures are proposed, Maximal Average Density (MAD) and Biased Average Density (BAD), for getting a finite number of observation occurrences by using properties of the Spacetime Average Density (SAD) of observation occurrences to restrict to finite regions of spacetimes that have a preferred beginning or bounce hypersurface. These measures avoid Boltzmann brain domination and appear to give results consistent with other observations that are problematic for other widely used measures, such as the observation of a positive cosmological constant.

  13. Average transmission probability of a random stack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin Lu; Christian Miniatura; Berthold-Georg Englert

    2009-07-31

    The transmission through a stack of identical slabs that are separated by gaps with random widths is usually treated by calculating the average of the logarithm of the transmission probability. We show how to calculate the average of the transmission probability itself with the aid of a recurrence relation and derive analytical upper and lower bounds. The upper bound, when used as an approximation for the transmission probability, is unreasonably good and we conjecture that it is asymptotically exact.

  14. An experimental study on a model Stirling engine car

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sohma, Yutaka; Wu, Chungming; Isshiki, Seita; Ushiyama, Izumi

    1999-07-01

    A Stirling engine is a mechanical device that operates on a closed regenerative thermodynamic cycle, with cyclic compression and expansion of the working fluid at different temperature levels. The flow is controlled by volume changes, and there exists a net conversion of the heat to work. Stirling engines are ideally suited to off-grid electric power generation because of their multi-fuel capability, potentially high efficiency and low noise. The first model Stirling Techno-rally was held in August 1997 for further promotion of the clean and quiet Stirling engine as one of the Centennial Anniversary events of JSME. In the race, more than one hundred cars competed for the time on a course of 13 meters length and 30 centimeters width. In Ashikaga Institute of Technology, a model Stirling engine car Ashikaga Gekkoh was made for this event. In this paper the authors report on this model car that won the championship of the Stirling Techno-rally.

  15. Structure of adenovirus bound to cellular receptor car

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freimuth, Paul I.

    2007-01-02

    Disclosed is a mutant CAR-DI-binding adenovirus which has a genome comprising one or more mutations in sequences which encode the fiber protein knob domain wherein the mutation causes the encoded viral particle to have a significantly weakened binding affinity for CAR-DI relative to wild-type adenovirus. Such mutations may be in sequences which encode either the AB loop, or the HI loop of the fiber protein knob domain. Specific residues and mutations are described. Also disclosed is a method for generating a mutant adenovirus which is characterized by a receptor binding affinity or specificity which differs substantially from wild type.

  16. A Mechanism for Dynamic Ride Sharing based on Parallel Auctions Alexander Kleiner, Bernhard Nebel and Vittorio Amos Ziparo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebel, Bernhard

    the fact that on average cars carry 1.6 passengers, i.e., only an estimated 25% of emissions are caused,nebel}@informatik.uni-freiburg.de Algorithmica Srl, Rome, Italy, ziparo@algorithmica.it Abstract Car pollution is one of the major causes of green- house emissions, and traffic congestion is rapidly becoming a social plague. Dynamic Ride Sharing

  17. Polarized electron beams at milliampere average current

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poelker, Matthew

    2013-11-01

    This contribution describes some of the challenges associated with developing a polarized electron source capable of uninterrupted days-long operation at milliAmpere average beam current with polarization greater than 80%. Challenges will be presented in the context of assessing the required level of extrapolation beyond the performance of today's CEBAF polarized source operating at ~ 200 uA average current. Estimates of performance at higher current will be based on hours-long demonstrations at 1 and 4 mA. Particular attention will be paid to beam-related lifetime-limiting mechanisms, and strategies to construct a photogun that operate reliably at bias voltage > 350kV.

  18. Simultaneous forward and epi-CARS microscopy with a single detector by time-correlated single photon counting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy," Proc Natl Acadenables separation of CARS microscopy data from multiphoton-overlap of the F and E-CARS signals. Due to traveling an

  19. Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

    2009-01-01

    my money in my beliefs…and buy a hybrid car to help promotethe production of further hybrid cars…that year they wereCar Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid

  20. A dynamic model system of household car ownership, trip generation, and modal split: model development and simulation experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitamura, Ryuichi

    2009-01-01

    1987) Why do people buy cars? Paper presented at the 5thRegression Model of Private Car Use. Report AE 4/87, FacultyEffects of Income and Car Ownership on Trip Generation: A

  1. Table 1. Real Average Transportation and Delivered Costs of Coal...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Real Average Transportation and Delivered Costs of Coal, By Year and Primary Transport Mode" "Year","Average Transportation Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton)","Average Delivered Cost...

  2. Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction Fact 856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction...

  3. 8:43 AM PDT, June 18, 2007 JOBS CARS REAL ESTATE APARTMENTS California | Local

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruno, John P.

    8:43 AM PDT, June 18, 2007 JOBS CARS REAL ESTATE APARTMENTS HOME MyLATimes Site Map Health Medicine Jobs Cars Real Estate Apartments Personals Deals at Local Stores Coupons Newspaper Ads PLACE AN AD LAT

  4. Fuels of the Future for Cars and Trucks | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of the Future for Cars and Trucks Fuels of the Future for Cars and Trucks 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: U.S. Department of Energy 2002deereberhardt.pdf More Documents &...

  5. Fact #611: February 22, 2010 Top Ten Best Selling Cars and Light Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The top ten lists of best selling cars and light trucks in 2009 show that the Toyota Camry was the best selling car, while the Ford F-Series pickup was the best selling light truck. The F-Series...

  6. DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage...

  7. Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Students build hydrogen fuel-cell cars Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition Middle and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in...

  8. Fact #641: September 20, 2010 Top States for the Production of Cars and Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the 2009 calendar year, Michigan retained its lead position as the top producing state for both cars and trucks. Ohio and Kentucky were the only other states to place in the top 5 for both cars...

  9. Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nearly 64% of new cars sold in model year (MY) 1975 had combined highway/city fuel economy of 15 miles per gallon (mpg) or less [blue shading]. By 2010, 63% of cars had fuel economy of 25 mpg or...

  10. Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    7: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 - Dataset Fact 847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 - Dataset...

  11. Fact #899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Trucks Fact 899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week The top countries producing the world's cars and trucks have changed over...

  12. Fact #899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Trucks - Dataset Fact 899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks - Dataset Excel file and dataset for World Production of Cars and Trucks fotw899web.xlsx More...

  13. Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars with Low Fuel Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The "Gas Guzzler Tax" is collected from the public for each new car purchased with fuel economy less than 22.5 miles per gallon (mpg). The Gas Guzzler Tax does not apply to light trucks, only cars....

  14. Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fact 867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon Car-sharing programs are not new to the United States, but have grown significantly over...

  15. Laser Fusion Energy The High Average Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laser Fusion Energy and The High Average Power Program John Sethian Naval Research Laboratory Dec for Inertial Fusion Energy with lasers, direct drive targets and solid wall chambers Lasers DPPSL (LLNL) Kr posters Snead Payne #12;Laser(s) Goals 1. Develop technologies that can meet the fusion energy

  16. Extracting gluon condensate from the average plaquette

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taekoon Lee

    2015-03-27

    The perturbative contribution in the average plaquette is subtracted using Borel summation and the remnant of the plaquette is shown to scale as a dim-4 condensate. A critical review is presented of the renormalon subtraction scheme that claimed a dim-2 condensate. The extracted gluon condensate is compared with the latest result employing high order (35-loop) calculation in the stochastic perturbation theory.

  17. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation An Energy, Greenhouse Gas, and Criteria Pollutant Inventory of Rail and Air Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, Arpad; Chester, Mikhail

    2008-01-01

    A. , Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of PassengerAnalysis-Based Life-cycle Assessment. Software. Carnegieframework for life cycle assessments, 1991, SETAC. [Fritz

  18. Why do we power our cars with gas? NBC Chicago

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-01

    Why can we only power our cars with gas? NBC-Chicago tackles this question with a trip to Argonne National Lab, where work on the Omnivorous Engine (runs on any blend of ethanol, butanol, and gasoline) and electric vehicles continues. A segment from NBC-Chicago's "Good Question" series.

  19. Why do we power our cars with gas? NBC Chicago

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-04-19

    Why can we only power our cars with gas? NBC-Chicago tackles this question with a trip to Argonne National Lab, where work on the Omnivorous Engine (runs on any blend of ethanol, butanol, and gasoline) and electric vehicles continues. A segment from NBC-Chicago's "Good Question" series.

  20. Are Consumers Myopic? Evidence from New and Used Car Purchases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Daniel

    estimate the effect of gasoline prices on short-run equi- librium prices of cars of different fuel economists, however, contend that changing the incen- tives to use gasoline--by increasing its price--would be a preferable approach. This is because changing the price of gasoline has the potential to influence both what

  1. Communication constraints in the state agreement problem Ruggero Carli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceragioli, Francesca

    Communication constraints in the state agreement problem Ruggero Carli Fabio Fagnani Alberto and communication theory is becoming of fundamental importance in many distributed control systems. Particular of autonomous mobile agents in order to achieve a common task, communication constraints impose limits

  2. pg. 1 UW Clean Energy Institute Solar Car Derby Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    ? (connect both sides of the motor to different leads from the solar panel.) #12;pg. 3 UW Clean Energy will run the other direction) Where do so solar panels usually go? ( on the roof of buildings or in flatpg. 1 UW Clean Energy Institute Solar Car Derby Activity Overview Raycatcher and SunZoom Lite Model

  3. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig; ,

    2014-09-17

    The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

  4. Optimal control of a gasolinefueled car engine under pollution constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnans, Frédéric

    Optimal control of a gasoline­fueled car engine under pollution constraint J. Fr'ed'eric Bonnans mass / air mass stoichiometric : Here, ``stoichiometric'' means that the combustion is complete pollutants that are stored. In addition, the tank size depends highly on temperature. The device does

  5. 8 ENVIRONMENT DECEMBER 2004 he atmosphere's concentration of car-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    8 ENVIRONMENT DECEMBER 2004 T he atmosphere's concentration of car- bon dioxide (CO2 ) has carbon mitigation strategies are available to set the world on a new path, one that leads to a lower rate energy, conservation, and natural sinks. More recently, it has begun to explore alliances with tradi

  6. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig;

    2014-11-24

    The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

  7. From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    How Lynn Gantt’s EcoCAR experience took him from studying general mechanics to working at General Motors.

  8. Gille-ESYS 10 1 Should Alex Buy a Battery-Powered Car?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gille, Sarah T.

    't stay long. I'm shopping for a new car. Chris: Whatever for? You're car is still running, isn't it? Alex car uses an enormous amount of metals, plastics, and lots of energy. And then once they are built, youGille-ESYS 10 1 Should Alex Buy a Battery-Powered Car? The scene: Lunchtime at a crowded caf

  9. SPECTROSCOPY IN CRYOCRYSTALS AND MATRICES Time-resolved CARS measurements of the vibrational decoherence of I2 isolated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apkarian, V. Ara

    SPECTROSCOPY IN CRYOCRYSTALS AND MATRICES Time-resolved CARS measurements of the vibrational report.1 Succinctly, the forward BOX- CARS geometry is adopted, using three noncollinear laser pulses

  10. LIVE CARS FOR USE IN CATFISH INDUSTRY Donald C. ,r nland, Rob rt L. ..rill,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIVE CARS FOR USE IN CATFISH INDUSTRY Donald C. ,r nland, Rob rt L. ..rill, & Jam's . IIall Live cars - -m sh "fish -holdmg bags "- -hav a vari tyof applications in th produ tion of pond - rai d chann fish to mov into th liv car . Information on holding capaciti and a m thod to accu- rat ly m t l' fish

  11. A Study of Greedy, Local Search, and Ant Colony Optimization Approaches for Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Christian

    A Study of Greedy, Local Search, and Ant Colony Optimization Approaches for Car Sequencing Problems and compares several heuristic approa- ches for the car sequencing problem. We first study greedy heuristics, for which it was formerly unknown whether it is satisfiable or not. 1 Introduction The car sequencing

  12. Homing a Teleoperated Car using Monocular SLAM Nuno Ribeiro, Ricardo Ferreira, Jos Gaspar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Homing a Teleoperated Car using Monocular SLAM Nuno Ribeiro, Ricardo Ferreira, José Gaspar http and Software Setup A car is assembled based in a network (IP) camera, one Arduino Uno, one Motor Shield and two DC motors for steering and propulsion (see fig.1(a)). A Java GUI from [2] is used to control the car

  13. Smart Video Systems in Police Cars Amirali Jazayeri, Hongyuan Cai, Mihran Tuceryan, Jiang Yu Zheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuceryan, Mihran

    Smart Video Systems in Police Cars Amirali Jazayeri, Hongyuan Cai, Mihran Tuceryan, Jiang Yu Zheng@cs.iupui.edu ABSTRACT The use of video cameras in police cars has been found to have significant value and the number for later use in legal settings, in-car video cameras can be used to analyze in real-time or near real

  14. Monocular Car Viewpoint Estimation with Circular Regression Forests Christian Herdtweck and Cristobal Curio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monocular Car Viewpoint Estimation with Circular Regression Forests Christian Herdtweck and Crist. Using detected cars on the KITTI vision bench- mark, we demonstrate performance for continuous viewpoint framework. Besides location and viewpoint of cars, the filter framework considers full monocular egomotion

  15. Stimulated coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) resonances originate from double-slit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    Stimulated coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) resonances originate from double January 21, 2010 (received for review September 3, 2009) Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS with re- spect to pulse parameters. CARS microscopy pulse shaping ultrafast spectroscpy Coherent Raman

  16. Queensland's 1.7 million cars use nearly 3 billion litres of petrol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    Queensland's 1.7 million cars use nearly 3 billion litres of petrol per year. In December 2001 to lead-free petrol without modification. "I have been running my car on E10 since June and two of my, the EPA's 85 fleet cars will then start using E10, and the facility will be available to vehicles from

  17. Femtosecond resonance enhanced CARS for background-free detection of organic molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rebane, Aleks

    Femtosecond resonance enhanced CARS for background-free detection of organic molecules ALEKSANDER the coherent excitation profile (CEP) of resonance enhanced femto- second CARS in a model system zinc scattering (CARS), as a tool for real-time detection of molecular and biological agents, including airborne

  18. CS680: Value Iteration for Mountain Cars Due Feb. 21 (SURGE March 6)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles W.

    CS680: Value Iteration for Mountain Cars Due Feb. 21 (SURGE March 6) Introduction In this assignment, you will implement a simulated control system that learns to drive a simulated car out and back of the valley until the car gains enough momentum to get out. You will apply asynchronous value

  19. Point-to-Point Car Racing: an Initial Study of Evolution Versus Temporal Difference Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Point-to-Point Car Racing: an Initial Study of Evolution Versus Temporal Difference Learning Simon, jtogel}@essex.ac.uk Abstract-- This paper considers variations on an extremely simple form of car racing-evaluation neural networks, and these were greatly superior to human drivers. Keywords: Car racing, reinforcement

  20. New rules for oil tank cars don't offer enough fire protection, experts say

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    New rules for oil tank cars don't offer enough fire protection, experts say By Richard Wronski in March, witnesses said it took about only an hour for tank cars to explode, sending giant fireballs hundreds of feet into the sky. Authorities said the tank cars survived the derailment intact, only

  1. Adaptive Cruise Control: Experimental Validation of Advanced Controllers on Scale-Model Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ames, Aaron

    Adaptive Cruise Control: Experimental Validation of Advanced Controllers on Scale-Model Cars Aakar of correctness. In particular, safety constraints--maintaining a valid following distance from a lead car objectives in an optimal fashion. This methodology is demonstrated on scale-model cars, for which the CBF

  2. Application of Radio Control Cars as Intelligent Unmanned Ground Vehicles with Collaborative and Independent Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedeward, Kevin

    Application of Radio Control Cars as Intelligent Unmanned Ground Vehicles with Collaborative Systems & Robotics Group, New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM, 87801, USA ABSTRACT Simple radio control cars-cost radio control cars manufactured by Nikko. Initial tests have involved using a small number (two to ten

  3. Vibrotactile Feedback in Steering Wheel Reduces Navigation Errors during GPS-Guided Car Driving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basdogan, Cagatay

    Vibrotactile Feedback in Steering Wheel Reduces Navigation Errors during GPS-Guided Car Driving feedback displayed through the steering wheel of a car can reduce the perceptual and cognitive load with the GPS-based voice commands. KEYWORDS: vibrotactile, haptics, car navigation systems, GPS, steering wheel

  4. Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars Aur´elien Francillon, Boris and Start (PKES) systems used in modern cars. We build two efficient and inexpensive attack realizations, wired and wireless physical-layer relays, that allow the attacker to en- ter and start a car by relaying

  5. CAR-FOLLOWING AND THE MACROSCOPIC AWRASCLE TRAFFIC FLOW MARTE GODVIK AND HARALD HANCHE-OLSEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAR-FOLLOWING AND THE MACROSCOPIC AW­RASCLE TRAFFIC FLOW MODEL MARTE GODVIK AND HARALD HANCHE-OLSEN Abstract. We consider a semi-discrete car-following model and the macroscopic Aw­Rascle model for traffic flow given in Lagrangian form. The solution of the car-following model converges to a weak entropy

  6. Monte Carlo Tree Search for Simulated Car Racing Jacob Fischer1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Monte Carlo Tree Search for Simulated Car Racing Jacob Fischer1 , Nikolaj Falsted1 , Mathias be modified to achieve this. In this paper, we investi- gate the application of MCTS to simulated car racing algorithm. Similarly, simulated car racing presents interesting challenges to artificial intelligence (AI

  7. Experience on Running a Small-Size Simulated Car Racing Tournament in an Introductory Programming Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Sung-Bae

    Experience on Running a Small-Size Simulated Car Racing Tournament in an Introductory Programming Intelligence and Games (CIG) 2009 Car Racing Competition software and rules with small modifications. Five General Terms Algorithms, Measurement, Performance, Human Factors Keywords Competition, Game, Car Racing

  8. An Economical Micro-Car Testbed for Validation of Cooperative Control Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertozzi, Andrea L.

    - controlled cars. The Position Tracking System includes a 1Dept. of Electrical Engineering, UniversityAn Economical Micro-Car Testbed for Validation of Cooperative Control Strategies Chung H. Hsieh1-- This paper describes the design of an economical cooperative control testbed using 1/64 size micro-car

  9. A SUBBAND HYBRID BEAMFORMING FOR IN-CAR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Charles Fox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badeau, Roland

    A SUBBAND HYBRID BEAMFORMING FOR IN-CAR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Charles Fox , Guillaume Vitte , Maurice is pre- sented, dedicated to in-car communication. An experimental study of the acoustic field inside the car interior leads us to propose a hy- brid beamforming algorithm, taking two frequency ranges into ac

  10. Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    1 Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions MariaCarola Colombo, we review some recent applications of hybrid Car-Parrinello simulations of chemical and biological recently developed a combination of these two techniques into a hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello scheme [4

  11. eVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , such as hybrid and electric vehicles, to pedestrians has become an important issue for public policy [1], car a localization paradigm to test the detectability of hybrid and internal combustion cars by measuring listenereVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars. Ryan

  12. THE SMART CAR PROJECT: A CASE STUDY IN COMPUTER-MEDIATED CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    of the Smart Car mobile platform. Beginning with the process of selection of the mechanical platform, weTHE SMART CAR PROJECT: A CASE STUDY IN COMPUTER-MEDIATED CONTROL by O. Daniel Gott A project the Smart Car as a scaled testbed. In particular, we are also interested in obtaining quantitative data

  13. Mapping with an Autonomous Car Pierre Lamon Cyrill Stachniss Rudolph Triebel Patrick Pfaff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teschner, Matthias

    as outdoor scenes. Recently, modified cars became a new platform in robotics. Compared to standard robotsMapping with an Autonomous Car Pierre Lamon Cyrill Stachniss Rudolph Triebel Patrick Pfaff an approach towards mapping and safe navigation in real, large-scale environments with an autonomous car

  14. University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2012-13.docx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2012-13.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review 2012-2013 Author: Christopher Osbeck, Travel Plan Co-ordinator Current Version Date: August 2013 Version: 1.0 #12;University of Aberdeen Page 2 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2012-13.docx

  15. On the probability of hitting a deer with a car Robert Estalella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estalella, Robert

    On the probability of hitting a deer with a car Robert Estalella 2003 August 1 Introduction Hitting an animal while driving a car, or even being close to hitting it, is terribly upsetting. This is what that jumped across the road just in front of our car. I started thinking about the probability of hitting

  16. MIMO Design of Active Noise Controllers for Car Interiors: Extending the Silenced Region at Higher Frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MIMO Design of Active Noise Controllers for Car Interiors: Extending the Silenced Region at Higher damping of low-frequency noise in car compartments by feedforward or feedback control. The complicated control that uses all loudspeakers of a premium car HiFi system. The results indicate that performance

  17. Predicting the Effects of In-Car Interfaces on Driver Behavior using a Cognitive Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvucci, Dario D.

    Predicting the Effects of In-Car Interfaces on Driver Behavior using a Cognitive Architecture Dario 9669 dario@cbr.com ABSTRACT When designing and evaluating "in-car" user interfaces for drivers describes a novel approach to predicting effects of in-car interfaces by modeling behavior in a cognitive

  18. MATH 360-2, Winter 2011 MENU Applied Analysis Project 1: Car Following and Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goerss, Paul

    MATH 360-2, Winter 2011 MENU Applied Analysis Project 1: Car Following and Collisions This project time of one or more cars following each other; in particular we will try to understand the somewhat to be adequate distances between the cars. The Laplace transform comes into play because of "time delay

  19. University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review 2013-2014 Author: Christopher Osbeck, Travel Plan Co-ordinator Current Version Date: August 2014 Version: 1.0 Car Parking Annual............................................................................................................................................10 Car Parking Annual Review 2013-14.docx #12;University of Aberdeen Page 3 of 10 Background

  20. University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2011-12.docx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2011-12.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review 2011-2012 Author: Christopher Osbeck, Travel Plan Co-ordinator Current Version Date: July 2012 Version: 1.1 #12;University of Aberdeen Page 2 of 10 Car Parking Annual

  1. Mehmood et al. Paper No. 03-2158 1 Modeling Car-following Using System Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellinga, Bruce

    Mehmood et al. Paper No. 03-2158 1 Modeling Car-following Using System Dynamics ARIF MEHMOOD, BRUCE2L 3G1, Canada. E-mail: amehmood@uwaterloo.ca Car following models describe driver behavior of relationships that do not correspond to physical aspects of the car- following process. In this paper we

  2. DESIGNING A REAL TIME SYSTEM FOR CAR NUMBER DETECTION USING DISCRETE HOPFIELD NETWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, Prabhat

    DESIGNING A REAL TIME SYSTEM FOR CAR NUMBER DETECTION USING DISCRETE HOPFIELD NETWORK A.BANERJEE1@yahoo.co.in Abstract The paper addresses a novel scheme for detection of car numbers from its rear end number plates. The work has extensive applications in automatic identification of cars, responsible for Cox pollution

  3. People taking part in this CAR count are counting all the large terrestrial birds, such

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    People taking part in this CAR count are counting all the large terrestrial birds, such as cranes species are monitored by CAR, of which 14 appear in the South African Red Data Book as Critically Endan gered, Vulnerable or NearThreatened. CAR counts began in 1993 and take place on the last Saturday

  4. Macroscopic traffic models from microscopic car-following models H. K. Lee,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Doochul

    Macroscopic traffic models from microscopic car-following models H. K. Lee,1 H.-W. Lee,2 and D. Kim microscopic car-following models via a coarse-graining procedure. The method is first demonstrated. The derivation is also extended to general car-following models. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.64.056126 PACS number

  5. "Knight Rider" in Graz: An autonomous car drives the guests of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.06.2009 Page 1 "Knight Rider" in Graz: An autonomous car drives the guests of honour of the RoboCup 2009 to the Stadthalle ­ without driver and without remote control Autonomous car drives State Minister to the robotics world championships Cult of the 1980s "Knight Rider" and "K.I.T.T", the intelligent, speaking car

  6. A Fuzzy Approach For The 2007 CIG Simulated Car Racing Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary B.

    A Fuzzy Approach For The 2007 CIG Simulated Car Racing Competition Duc Thang Ho and Jonathan M of the 2007 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC2007) and the CIG2007 car racing competitions, the competition results are given. I. INTRODUCTION Car racing is a challenging problem, attracting public

  7. Evolution of Driving Agent, Remotely Operating a Scale Model of a Car with Obstacle Avoidance Capabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Evolution of Driving Agent, Remotely Operating a Scale Model of a Car with Obstacle Avoidance present an approach for evolutionary design of an agent, remotely operating a scale model of a car running to the car via standard radio control transmitter. In order to cope with the video feed latency we propose

  8. Users' View on Context-Sensitive Car Advertisements Florian Alt, Christoph Evers, Albrecht Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Users' View on Context-Sensitive Car Advertisements Florian Alt, Christoph Evers, Albrecht Schmidt.alt, albrecht.schmidt}@uni-due.de christoph.evers@stud.uni-due.de Abstract. Cars are ubiquitous and offer large static, with the exception of car-mounted displays that offer dy- namic content. With new display

  9. Reachable Sets for Some Simple Models of the Car's Motion Andrey Fedotov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turova, Varvara

    Reachable Sets for Some Simple Models of the Car's Motion Andrey Fedotov Institute of Mathematics¨unchen, Germany e-mail: turova@ma.tum.de 1. The simplest car dynamics written in dimensionless variables are x problem for car dy- namics (1). Also, the main theorem [2], p. 515, of the paper by L. E. Dubins (1957

  10. Evolving Controllers for Simulated Car Racing Julian Togelius and Simon M. Lucas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Evolving Controllers for Simulated Car Racing Julian Togelius and Simon M. Lucas Department@essex.ac.uk Abstract- This paper describes the evolution of controllers for racing a simulated radio-controlled car egocentric (first person), Newtonian (third person) or no information about the state of the car (open

  11. Coordinated avifaunal roadCounts (Car) inforMation sHeet no. 1 June 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Coordinated avifaunal roadCounts (Car) inforMation sHeet no. 1 June 2013 HoW to Count This information sheet is intended as a guide for CAR counts anywhere in South Africa, but minor regional, your map and route description, relevant newsletter and the CAR roadcount form. Bird books, hat, lunch

  12. Parametric optimization of hybrid car engines (Final version, published in Optimization and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnans, Frédéric

    of a car using thermal and electrical energy, which can be combined in different ways. More precisely: ­ At the design stage of new car engines, it is common to assume that the future is perfectly knownParametric optimization of hybrid car engines (Final version, published in Optimization

  13. Average gluon and quark jet multiplicities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Kotikov

    2014-11-30

    We show the results in [1,2] for computing the QCD contributions to the scale evolution of average gluon and quark jet multiplicities. The new results came due a recent progress in timelike small-x resummation obtained in the MSbar factorization scheme. They depend on two nonperturbative parameters with clear and simple physical interpretations. A global fit of these two quantities to all available experimental data sets demonstrates by its goodness how our results solve a longstandig problem of QCD. Including all the available theoretical input within our approach, alphas(Mz)=0.1199 +- 0.0026 has been obtained in the MSbar scheme in an approximation equivalent to next-to-next-to-leading order enhanced by the resummations of ln x terms through the NNLL level and of ln Q2 terms by the renormalization group. This result is in excellent agreement with the present world average.

  14. Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunham, Scott

    Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function Ken relaxation length, v sat ø h''i (¸ 0:05¯m), the energy distribution function is not well described calculation of impact ionization coefficient requires the use of a high energy distribution function because

  15. Freund Publishing House Ltd. International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation 4, 239-250, 2003 Traffic Flow CA Model in Which Only the Cars Following

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulation 4, 239-250, 2003 Traffic Flow CA Model in Which Only the Cars Following the Trail of the Ahead Car from the NS model in that only the cars following the trail of the ahead car can be delayed. In other words, a car with spacing ahead longer than the car velocity limit M can not be delayed in the new model

  16. MBTA Green Line 3-car train operating plans to enhance capacity and reliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malikova, Alexandra A

    2012-01-01

    Transit agencies face a variety of challenges, from increasing ridership to changes in infrastructure, to system expansions, all of which require significant preparation to accommodate the changes without affecting passengers ...

  17. Impacts of CO2 Mandates for New Cars in the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, S.

    CO2 emissions mandates for new light-duty passenger vehicles have recently been adopted in the European Union (EU), which require steady reductions to 95 g CO2/km in 2021. Using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, ...

  18. Time-dependent angularly averaged inverse transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillaume Bal; Alexandre Jollivet

    2009-05-07

    This paper concerns the reconstruction of the absorption and scattering parameters in a time-dependent linear transport equation from knowledge of angularly averaged measurements performed at the boundary of a domain of interest. We show that the absorption coefficient and the spatial component of the scattering coefficient are uniquely determined by such measurements. We obtain stability results on the reconstruction of the absorption and scattering parameters with respect to the measured albedo operator. The stability results are obtained by a precise decomposition of the measurements into components with different singular behavior in the time domain.

  19. Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0serial codesReversingprovedReynolds-Averaged

  20. Fleet Services Fleet Services Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beex, A. A. "Louis"

    · 287 rental vehicles: economy, hybrid, standard and large cars, mini and 12 passenger and cargo vans, pickup trucks, buses, and police cars. · 2 buses with drivers: 20 passenger and 44passenger · 10

  1. EcoCAR the Next Challenge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EV Everywhere|Muscle Car | Department

  2. The 2009 World Average of $?_s$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegfried Bethke

    2009-08-15

    Measurements of $\\alpha_s$, the coupling strength of the Strong Interaction between quarks and gluons, are summarised and an updated value of the world average of $\\alpha_s (M_Z)$ is derived. Building up on previous reviews, special emphasis is laid on the most recent determinations of $\\alpha_s$. These are obtained from $\\tau$-decays, from global fits of electroweak precision data and from measurements of the proton structure function $\\F_2$, which are based on perturbative QCD calculations up to $O(\\alpha_s^4)$; from hadronic event shapes and jet production in $\\epem$ annihilation, based on $O(\\alpha_s^3) $ QCD; from jet production in deep inelastic scattering and from $\\Upsilon$ decays, based on $O(\\alpha_s^2) $ QCD; and from heavy quarkonia based on unquenched QCD lattice calculations. Applying pragmatic methods to deal with possibly underestimated errors and/or unknown correlations, the world average value of $\\alpha_s (M_Z)$ results in $\\alpha_s (M_Z) = 0.1184 \\pm 0.0007$. The measured values of $\\alpha_s (Q)$, covering energy scales from $Q \\equiv \\mtau = 1.78$ GeV to 209 GeV, exactly follow the energy dependence predicted by QCD and therefore significantly test the concept af Asymptotic Freedom.

  3. Optimal coherent control of CARS: signal enhancement and background elimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang Gao; Feng Shuang; JunHui Shi; Herschel Rabitz; HaiFeng Wang; JiXin Cheng

    2012-03-28

    The ability to enhance resonant signals and eliminate the non-resonant background is analyzed for Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS). The analysis is done at a specific frequency as well as for broadband excitation using femtosecond pulse-shaping techniques. An appropriate objective functional is employed to balance resonant signal enhancement against non-resonant background suppression. Optimal enhancement of the signal and minimization of the background can be achieved by shaping the probe pulse alone while keeping the pump and Stokes pulses in transform-limited-form (TLF). In some cases analytical forms for the probe pulse can be found, and numerical simulations are carried out for other circumstances. It is found that a good approximate solution for the optimal pulse in the two-pulse CARS is a superposition of linear and arctangent type phases for the pump. The well-known probe delay method is shown to be a quasi-optimal scheme for background suppression. The results should provide a basis to improve the performance of CARS spectroscopy and microscopy.

  4. Radar/Lidar Sensor Fusion for Car-Following on Highways Daniel Gohring, Miao Wang, Michael Schnurmacher, Tinosch Ganjineh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, Raúl

    Radar/Lidar Sensor Fusion for Car-Following on Highways Daniel G¨ohring, Miao Wang, Michael Schn-time algorithm which enables an autonomous car to comfortably follow other cars at various speeds while keeping that depends on the position as well as the velocity of the followed car. Radar sensors provide reliable

  5. Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster than Average Used Light Vehicle Price Fact 744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster...

  6. Lin et al TRB 14-2181 Causal Analysis of Passenger Train Accident on Shared-Use Rail Corridors1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    , technical and political factors have limited the development of new,2 dedicated, very-high-speed rail have limited the development of new, dedicated, very-10 high-speed rail systems in North AmericaLin et al TRB 14-2181 Causal Analysis of Passenger Train Accident on Shared-Use Rail Corridors1 2

  7. Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster than Average Used Light Vehicle Price

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In 2011 the average used light vehicle price was 36% higher than in 1990, while the average new light vehicle price was 67% higher than it was in 1990. The average price of a used vehicle had been...

  8. The Average Mass Profile of Galaxy Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. G. Carlberg; H. K. C. Yee; E. Ellingson; S. L. Morris; R. Abraham; P. Gravel; C. J. Pritchet; T. Smecker-Hane; F. D. A. Hartwick; J. E. Hesser; J. B. Hutchings; J. B. Oke

    1997-05-23

    The average mass density profile measured in the CNOC cluster survey is well described with the analytic form rho(r)=A/[r(r+a_rho)^2], as advocated on the basis on n-body simulations by Navarro, Frenk & White. The predicted core radii are a_rho=0.20 (in units of the radius where the mean interior density is 200 times the critical density) for an Omega=0.2 open CDM model, or a_rho=0.26 for a flat Omega=0.2 model, with little dependence on other cosmological parameters for simulations normalized to the observed cluster abundance. The dynamically derived local mass-to-light ratio, which has little radial variation, converts the observed light profile to a mass profile. We find that the scale radius of the mass distribution, 0.20<= a_rho <= 0.30 (depending on modeling details, with a 95% confidence range of 0.12-0.50), is completely consistent with the predicted values. Moreover, the profiles and total masses of the clusters as individuals can be acceptably predicted from the cluster RMS line-of-sight velocity dispersion alone. This is strong support of the hierarchical clustering theory for the formation of galaxy clusters in a cool, collisionless, dark matter dominated universe.

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 5, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 1997 629 Optimal Dispatching Control for Elevator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cassandras, Christos G.

    ). The cars deliver the passengers and then return empty to the first floor to pick up more passen- gers. We car from the first floor when the number of passengers inside the car reaches or exceeds a threshold the car locations and the number of passengers in each car, such a threshold policy is easily implemented

  10. CARS polarized microscopy of three-dimensional director structures in liquid crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Kachynski; A. N. Kuzmin; P. N. Prasad; I. I. Smalyukh

    2007-10-18

    We demonstrate three-dimensional vibrational imaging of director structures in liquid crystals using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) polarized microscopy. Spatial mapping of the structures is based on sensitivity of a polarized CARS signal to orientation of anisotropic molecules in liquid crystals. As an example, we study structures in a smectic material and demonstrate that single-scan CARS and two-photon fluorescence images of molecular orientation patterns are consistent with each other and with the structure model.

  11. Time-resolved CARS studies of vibrational coherences in the condensed phase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apkarian, V. Ara

    Time-resolved CARS studies of vibrational coherences in the condensed phase: I2 in solid krypton-stokes Raman scattering (TR-CARS) from the sample are measured for coincident pump (P) and Stokes (S) beams be described as: v,v' = 2cv v, v' cv' cos(v,v' t + v,v' )exp -( v + v' )t[ ] (2) TR-CARS signals obtained

  12. the average weight of Connecticut River fish was considerably less (Table 1). The difference in average

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the average weight of Connecticut River fish was considerably less (Table 1). The difference in the Connecticut River basin. Fisheries (Bethesda) 7(6): 2-11. POTTER. I. C.· F. W. H. BEAMISH, AND B. G. H. Freshwater fishes of Connecticut. State Geol. Nat. Hist. Servo Conn.· Dep. Environ. Prot., Bull. 101, 134 p

  13. The not so new electric car -- Step child of Detroit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lough, S.S.

    1994-12-31

    In the first decade of the 20th century, gas and electric vehicles were in a head to head battle. Actually until after 1915, electric trucks dominated the urban scene. At this time it was not only commercial concerns who preferred electric`s but women too, for they were clean, easy to start and drive, and you know something--they still are! In lacking the foresight to develop electric car technology the US has created a global monster. Urban sprawl, suburbs, malls, pollution on a global scale, and an infrastructure which is not going to give up market share without a fight.

  14. Overview of FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits theCommittee Charter OperatingSemprius Confidential 1of FreedomCAR &

  15. Sandia Energy - Electric Car Challenge Sparks Students' STEM Interest

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumniProjectsCyberNotLED Lighting Veeco:Electric Car

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rental Cars Go Electric in Florida

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlender PumpVehicles andProductionRental Cars Go Electric

  17. The Ability of Automakers to Introduce a Costly, Regulated New Technology: A Case Study of Automotive Airbags in the U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle Market with Implications for Future Automobile and Light Truck Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abeles, Ethan

    2004-01-01

    of Passenger Cars and Light Trucks Sold in the U.S. (1987-passenger cars and 1999 for light trucks. By 2003, over 117than 216 million cars and light trucks on U.S. roads were

  18. Impact of Canada’s Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2006-01-01

    Restrictions of Car Emissions. ” http://www.metronews.ca/passenger cars and 95% for light trucks from Tier 1 emissionPassenger Cars - With low-GHG MAC Credit GHG Emission Rate (

  19. Unintended environmental impacts of nighttime freight logistics activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Nakul; Harley, Robert; Madanat, Samer

    2009-01-01

    the value used  for the car emission factor has no effect E2007 Passenger cars CO 2  emission factors for Alameda E2007 Passenger cars CO 2  emission factors for Alameda 

  20. Impact of Canada's Voluntary Agreement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Light Duty Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2006-01-01

    Restrictions of Car Emissions. ” http://www.metronews.ca/passenger cars and 95% for light trucks from Tier 1 emissionPassenger Cars - With low-GHG MAC Credit GHG Emission Rate (

  1. Winners for NREL's 25th Solar and Lithium Ion Car Races | Awards...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The batteries used in the competition are supplied by DOE, and teams purchase authorized solar panels, then design and build the rest of their cars themselves. The competition...

  2. Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World’s First 3D Printed Car (text version)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Below is the text version for the Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World’s First 3D Printed Car Video.

  3. Student engineers design and race battery-powered cars in this...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with CNH Industrial to showcase the engineering talents of Chicago-area middle school students in this year's Electric Car Competition held at CNH Industrial in Burr Ridge...

  4. EcoCAR 2 Year 1 Winners Announced! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    was Mississippi State University. Second Place Overall was The Ohio State University. Third Place Overall was the University of Waterloo. At Wedensday's EcoCAR 2 Finals for...

  5. Peak Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peak Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved Issues, Policy Implications, and a Research Agenda Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  6. The Future of Manufacturing Takes Shape: 3D Printed Car on Display...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    funding support from the Energy Department's Advanced Manufacturing Office-to print the car chassis using a new manufacturing machine called Big Area Additive Manufacturing or...

  7. X-ray emission from the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parkin, E R; Townsley, L K; Pittard, J M; Moffat, A F J; Naze, Y; Rauw, G; Oskinova, L M

    2011-01-01

    X-ray observations of the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206) obtained with the Chandra X-ray Observatory over a period of roughly 2 years are presented. The orbit of systems A (O9.7 I+b2 v, PA = 21 d) and B (O8 III+o9 v, PB = 6 d) are reasonably well sampled by the observations, allowing the origin of the X-ray emission to be examined in detail. The X-ray spectra can be well fitted by an attenuated three temperature thermal plasma model, characterised by cool, moderate, and hot plasma components at kT ~ 0.2, 0.7, and 2 keV, respectively, and a circumstellar absorption of ~ 0.2 x 10^22 cm-2. Although the hot plasma component could be indicating the presence of wind-wind collision shocks in the system, the model fluxes calculated from spectral fits, with an average value of ~ 7 x 10^-13 erg s-1 cm-2, do not show a clear correlation with the orbits of the two constituent binaries. A semi-analytical model of QZ Car reveals that a stable momentum balance may not be established in either system A or B. ...

  8. I want to construct a train of total length 12 units using cars which are either 1 unit long or 2 units long. The question is,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCann, Robert J.

    Trains I want to construct a train of total length 12 units using cars which are either 1 unit long possibility, using 6 cars of length 1 and 3 cars of length 2. Of course, we are not so much interested the cars, or using different numbers of short and long cars. Note that a train has a front and a back, so

  9. Structure of adenovirus bound to cellular receptor car

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freimuth, Paul I.

    2004-05-18

    Disclosed is a mutant adenovirus which has a genome comprising one or more mutations in sequences which encode the fiber protein knob domain wherein the mutation causes the encoded viral particle to have significantly weakened binding affinity for CARD1 relative to wild-type adenovirus. Such mutations may be in sequences which encode either the AB loop, or the HI loop of the fiber protein knob domain. Specific residues and mutations are described. Also disclosed is a method for generating a mutant adenovirus which is characterized by a receptor binding affinity or specificity which differs substantially from wild type. In the method, residues of the adenovirus fiber protein knob domain which are predicted to alter D1 binding when mutated, are identified from the crystal structure coordinates of the AD12knob:CAR-D1 complex. A mutation which alters one or more of the identified residues is introduced into the genome of the adenovirus to generate a mutant adenovirus. Whether or not the mutant produced exhibits altered adenovirus-CAR binding properties is then determined.

  10. Time-resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy of the compact interacting binary QU Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartley, L E; Long, K S

    2002-01-01

    We present HST/STIS (1160--1700A) echelle spectra of the cataclysmic variable (CV) star, QU Car, observed in time-tag mode at three epochs. In catalogues this binary is classified as a nova-like variable. We find evidence of a high-state non-magnetic CV at low inclination, with unusually high ionisation. We observed narrow absorption lines (few hundred km/s wide) in N V1240, O V1371 and Si IV1398, as well as broader (HWZI ~1000km/s) emission in C III1176, C IV1549 and He II1640, all with a superposed absorption component. High ionisation is indicated by the unusually string He II emission and the relative strength of the O V absorption line. The dereddened UV SED of, on average, -2.3 suggests that disc accretion dominates the spectral energy distribution. In two observations velocity shifting is noted in the absorption lines on a timescale long enough not to repeat within the ~2600-sec exposures. The absorption superposed on the C IV emission line moves coherently with the N V and Si IV absorption, suggesting...

  11. A technoregulatory analysis of government regulation and oversight in the United States for the protection of passenger safety in commercial human spaceflight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leybovich, Michael Elliot

    2009-01-01

    Commercial human spaceflight looks ready to take off as an industry, with "space tourism" as its first application. Paying passengers are likely to begin taking suborbital spaceflights within the next several years, both ...

  12. Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The market share for import cars and light trucks has been growing nearly every year since the mid-1990's. Import car market share more than doubled in that time -- from 14.9% in 1996 to 33.7% in...

  13. SAT and Hybrid models of the Car Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SAT and Hybrid models of the Car Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2 , Emmanuel Hebrard1}@laas.fr {valentin.mayer-eichberger, toby.walsh}@nicta.com.au Abstract. We compare both pure SAT and hybrid CP/SAT models for solving car sequencing problems, and close 13 out of the 23 large open instances in CSPLib

  14. SAT and Hybrid models of the Car-Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SAT and Hybrid models of the Car-Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2 , Emmanuel Hebrard1 car-sequencing problems by combining together the strengths of SAT and CP. We compare both pure SAT and hybrid CP/SAT models. Three features of these models are crucial to suc- cess. For quickly finding

  15. Modelling a Car Safety Controller in Road Tunnels using Hybrid Petri Nets A. Bobbio[1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horváth, András

    Modelling a Car Safety Controller in Road Tunnels using Hybrid Petri Nets A. Bobbio[1] , M this specific issue and proposes a hybrid modeling approach based on fluid Petri nets (FPN). An FPN is used that FPN is a valid paradigm to model the dynamics of a car in a detailed way. 1 Introduction In the last

  16. The D-Systems Project -Wireless Sensor Networks for Car-Park Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sreenan, Cormac J.

    to perform data aggregation, when operating with a limited data delivery time budget. 3. Two new energy that they can be deployed in existing car-parks without having to install new cabling for networkThe D-Systems Project - Wireless Sensor Networks for Car-Park Management J. Barton, J. Buckley, B

  17. Capstone Senior Design 2012-13 EcoCAR2: Mechanical (1) Thomas Bradley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Daniel A.

    Capstone Senior Design 2012-13 #12;·EcoCAR2: Mechanical (1) Thomas Bradley ·EcoCAR2: User Interface Vehicle Challenge (7) Steven Schaeffer ·AFRL: Bridge Design Challenge (8) Tammy Donahue #12;·Wheelchair (17) Mitchell Stansloski ·Pioneer Engin.: Machinery Health Monitoring Inst.(18) Mitchell Stansloski

  18. RICHIESTA INCENTIVO PER UTILIZZO SERVIZIO CAR SHARING per aziende con Mobility Manager nominato (ai sensi della D.D. 1487 del 30/12/2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    RICHIESTA INCENTIVO PER UTILIZZO SERVIZIO CAR SHARING per aziende con Mobility Manager nominato (ai _________________________________________________________________________ codice cliente Car Sharing ________________________________________________________ Codice Fiscale iscrizione, integra la documentazione di iscrizione stessa al servizio Car Sharing e va inviata all

  19. How to Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier, and Get More Mileage Out of Life By Chris Balish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Carleton

    2008-01-01

    Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier,Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier,mere thought of not owning a car in the United States today

  20. Fact #671: April 18, 2011 Average Truck Speeds | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2011 Average Truck Speeds The Federal Highway Administration studies traffic volume and flow on major truck routes by tracking more than 500,000 trucks. The average speed of trucks...

  1. Fact #889: September 7, 2015 Average Diesel Price Lower than...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9: September 7, 2015 Average Diesel Price Lower than Gasoline for the First Time in Six Years Fact 889: September 7, 2015 Average Diesel Price Lower than Gasoline for the First...

  2. Fact #614: March 15, 2010 Average Age of Household Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The average age of household vehicles has increased from 6.6 years in 1977 to 9.2 years in 2009. Pickup trucks have the oldest average age in every year listed. Sport utility vehicles (SUVs), first...

  3. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1975, only three percent of all new cars had a fuel economy above 25 miles per gallon (mpg), but by 2014, 73% did. Great improvements were made in the fuel economy of cars from 1975 to 1985, so...

  4. Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New Cars Sold in Western Europe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2011, nearly 52% of all new cars sold in Western Europe were diesel. In Belgium, Norway, France and Spain more than 70% of the new car market in 2011 were diesels. The market penetration of...

  5. 40 CFR Ch. I (7105 Edition) 190.10 period in which he is engaged in car-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or emissions therefrom and car- rying out inspection and enforcement activities to assure compliance6 40 CFR Ch. I (7­1­05 Edition)§ 190.10 period in which he is engaged in car- rying out any

  6. Saturday, Nov. 19, 2005 Classified ads Get a job Buy a car Find real estate Go shopping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    Saturday, Nov. 19, 2005 Classified ads Get a job Buy a car Find real estate Go shopping Search User | Corrections | Career opportunities | Advertise with us | About us| Archives | OC Real Estate Finder | OC Car

  7. Averaging top quark results in Run 2 M. Strovink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strovink, Mark

    average (cont'd) The pie chart shows the relative weights of the five input measurements in the world

  8. Eta Car and Its Surroundings: the X-ray Diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. F. Corcoran; K. Hamaguchi

    2007-03-02

    X-ray emission from the supermassive star Eta Carinae (\\ec) originates from hot shocked gas produced by current stellar mass loss as well as ejecta from prior eruptive events. Absorption of this emission by cool material allows the determination of the spatial and temporal distribution of this material. Emission from the shocked gas can provide important information about abundances through the study of thermal X-ray line emission. We discuss how studies of the X-ray emission from Eta Car at a variety of temporal, spatial and spectral scales and resolutions have helped refine our knowledge of both the continuous and discrete mass loss from the system, and its interactions with more extended material around the star.

  9. The Australian Geographic Team Marsupial solar-powered car

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, G.R.; Storey, J.W.V.

    1988-01-01

    As in all vehicles of this type, low weight and aerodynamic drag must be achieved without compromising safety, and in an extremely rugged structure. This has been done by using a chrome-molybdenum steel space-frame, surrounded by a Kevlar/foam sandwich body shell. The solar panel wing, which uses a laminar flow section to obtain low drag, does not tilt except when the vehicle is stationary. A high degree of redundancy is built into the vehicle; for example there are two motors and transmissions, the solar array is divided into seven parallel sub-arrays, and the power electronics is multiply redundant. Built entirely in the garage of a suburban house, the Australian Geographic Team Marsupial car cost less than US$50,000 to construct.

  10. Improving climate change detection through optimal seasonal averaging: the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Improving climate change detection through optimal seasonal averaging: the case of the North. (2015) Improving climate change detection through optimal seasonal averaging: the case of the North;Improving climate change detection through optimal seasonal averaging:1 the case of the North Atlantic jet

  11. Engineering Grads Earn The Most Major Average Salary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Engineering Grads Earn The Most Table Major Average Salary Offer Petroleum Engineering $86/Aeronautical/Astronautical Engineering $57,231 Information Sciences & Systems $54,038 Source: Winter 2010 Salary Survey, National was the fourth most lucrative degree, with graduates starting at $61,205 on average. The average salary

  12. Realignment-enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) and three-dimensional imaging in anisotropic fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Kachynski; A. N. Kuzmin; P. N. Prasad; I. I. Smalyukh

    2008-07-04

    We apply coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) microscopy to characterize director structures in liquid crystals.

  13. Local Motors Begins Their Six Day Quest to 3D Print the ‘Strati’ Car Live at IMTS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An article detailing Local Motors' preparation to 3D print a car at the September 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show.

  14. Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Mikhail V

    2008-01-01

    depending  on  the  drive  cycle  [CARB  2002].   While the  Orange  County  Drive  Cycle  with  an  average  speed energy  consumption,  drive  cycles  were  created  based 

  15. Reconstruction of fault slip of the September 21st, 1999, Taiwan earthquake in the asphalted surface of a car park,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jian-Cheng

    surface of a car park, and co-seismic slip partitioning Jacques Angeliera,*, Jian-Cheng Leeb , Hao Received 27 May 2001; accepted 5 March 2002 Abstract The deformation in the asphalted surface of a car park), the surface traces of the June 21st, 2000, earthquake (Mw 6.4) in southern Iceland, were analysed in a car

  16. SPEECH ENHANCEMENT IN CAR NOISE ENVIRONMENT BASED ON AN ANALYSIS-SYNTHESIS APPROACH USING HARMONIC NOISE MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Hing-Cheung

    SPEECH ENHANCEMENT IN CAR NOISE ENVIRONMENT BASED ON AN ANALYSIS- SYNTHESIS APPROACH USING HARMONIC using harmonic noise model (HNM) in car noise environment. The major advantages of this method are effective suppression of car noise even in very low signal-to-noise ratio environments and mitigation

  17. Car Parking and pedestrian access at The University of Edinburgh Hoyrood Campus 2015-2016 From Monday 8th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    Car Parking and pedestrian access at The University of Edinburgh Hoyrood Campus 2015-2016 VISITORS PARKING From Monday 8th June 2015 until January 2016 work will be ongoing to landscape the car park is available to current permit holders in the surrounding car parking areas. For a full list please visit

  18. "Cambridge-Allston Connection by Bike, Rail, Trolley or Cable Car" 10/30/2005 Oliver Knill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, Oliver

    "Cambridge-Allston Connection by Bike, Rail, Trolley or Cable Car" 10/30/2005 Oliver Knill One the Cambridge and the Alston Harvard campus is insufficient. Connectivity by car or buses is no solution monorail train from the Science Center to Allston along JFK. 4) Create a cable car transportation between

  19. of hydrogen-powered cars," he says. But a major hurdle remains: the cost of platinum metal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavanagh, Karen L.

    of hydrogen-powered cars," he says. But a major hurdle remains: the cost of platinum metal needed cars," says Holdcroft. The new research network will determine if the amount of platinum can be reduced for hydrogen-powered cars in mass production facilities," says SFU chemistry professor Steve Holdcroft, who

  20. Rear-Facing Car Safety Seats: Getting the Message Marilyn J. Bull, MDa, Dennis R. Durbin, MD, MSCEb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENTARY Rear-Facing Car Safety Seats: Getting the Message Right Marilyn J. Bull, MDa, Dennis R and young children regarding the safest way for them to ride in a car. Child fatalities and injuries and research provided by the National High- way Traffic Safety Administration, the car safety seat

  1. The Cambridge Car Memory Test: A task matched in format to the Cambridge Face Memory Test, with norms, reliability,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchaine, Bradley C.

    The Cambridge Car Memory Test: A task matched in format to the Cambridge Face Memory Test a prosopagnosic shows a face-specific or object- general deficit). Here, we present such a task. Our Cambridge Car higher than the mean for females. We demonstrate independence between face memory and car memory

  2. Comparison of infant car seat grip orientations and lift strategies Michael Clamann*, Biwen Zhu, Leah Beaver, Kinley Taylor, David Kaber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    Comparison of infant car seat grip orientations and lift strategies Michael Clamann*, Biwen Zhu: Received 23 December 2010 Accepted 4 October 2011 Keywords: Handle design Lifting task Infant car seat a b s t r a c t The rear-facing Infant Car Seat (ICS) is designed to meet federal requirements

  3. Abstract--Evolutionary algorithms have been used successfully in car racing game competitions, such as the ones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Simon M.

    Abstract-- Evolutionary algorithms have been used successfully in car racing game competitions and efficient way we developed a new car-racing simulator that runs much more quickly than TORCS and gives us. INTRODUCTION Car racing and driving is a rich environment with a variety of behaviours to observe and to test

  4. Abundance of mass 47 CO2 in urban air, car exhaust, and human breath Hagit P. Affek *, John M. Eiler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abundance of mass 47 CO2 in urban air, car exhaust, and human breath Hagit P. Affek *, John M (vs. VSMOW), d47, and D47 values of CO2 from car exhaust and from human breath, by constructing a car exhaust pipe was enriched in a combustion source having a composition, as determined by a ÔKeeling

  5. RRuulleess ooff OOppeerraattiioonn Enterprise Rent-a-Car is partnering with UNLV to provide a special rental program for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    RRuulleess ooff OOppeerraattiioonn Enterprise Rent-a-Car is partnering with UNLV to provide should be directed to Enterprise Rent-a-Car. · You will be required to provide a University purchase with Enterprise Rent-a-Car: 1. Utilize the direct e-links found on the UNLV Facilities web page at: http

  6. M-Eng in Electronic Systems 2013 Abstract--This paper presents a car recognition system by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whelan, Paul F.

    M-Eng in Electronic Systems 2013 1 Abstract-- This paper presents a car recognition system by locating and segmenting tail lights in the night-time road environment. Numerous approaches towards car recognition during day time have been implemented in the past. However, the features of cars during daytime

  7. Source area and rupture parameters of the 31 December 1881 Mw = 7.9 Car Nicobar earthquake estimated from tsunamis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Source area and rupture parameters of the 31 December 1881 Mw = 7.9 Car Nicobar earthquake on the India/Andaman plate boundary resulting in 10­60 cm of uplift of the island of Car Nicobar. The rupture., and R. Bilham, Source area and rupture parameters of the 31 December 1881 Mw = 7.9 Car Nicobar

  8. Lightweight materials in the light-duty passenger vehicle market: Their market penetration potential and impacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stodolsky, F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research]|[Argonne National Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Vyas, A.; Cuenca, R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research

    1995-06-01

    This paper summarizes the results of a lightweight materials study. Various lightweight materials are examined and the most cost effective are selected for further analysis. Aluminum and high-performance polymer matrix composites (PMCS) are found to have the highest potential for reducing the weight of automobiles and passenger-oriented light trucks. Weight reduction potential for aluminum and carbon fiber-based PMCs are computed based on a set of component-specific replacement criteria (such as stiffness and strength), and the consequent incremental cost scenarios are developed. The authors assume that a materials R and D program successfully reduces the cost of manufacturing aluminum and carbon fiber PMC-intensive vehicles. A vehicle choice model is used to project market shares for the lightweight vehicles. A vehicle survival and age-related usage model is employed to compute energy consumption over time for the vehicle stock. After a review of projected costs, the following two sets of vehicles are characterized to compete with the conventional materials vehicles: (1) aluminum vehicles with limited replacement providing 19% weight reduction (AIV-Mid), and (2) aluminum vehicles with the maximum replacement providing 31% weight reduction (AIV-Max). Assuming mass-market introduction in 2005, the authors project a national petroleum energy savings of 3% for AIV-Mid and 5% for AIV-Max in 2030.

  9. Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger-Vehicle Development Program. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-10-01

    Under contract to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology, Minicars conducted Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle (NTHV) Development Program. This program led to the preliminary design of a hybrid (electric and internal combustion engine powered) vehicle and fulfilled the objectives set by JPL. JPL requested that the report address certain specific topics. A brief summary of all Phase I activities is given initially; the hybrid vehicle preliminary design is described in Sections 4, 5, and 6. Table 2 of the Summary lists performance projections for the overall vehicle and some of its subsystems. Section 4.5 gives references to the more-detailed design information found in the Preliminary Design Data Package (Appendix C). Alternative hybrid-vehicle design options are discussed in Sections 3 through 6. A listing of the tradeoff study alternatives is included in Section 3. Computer simulations are discussed in Section 9. Section 8 describes the supporting economic analyses. Reliability and safety considerations are discussed specifically in Section 7 and are mentioned in Sections 4, 5, and 6. Section 10 lists conclusions and recommendations arrived at during the performance of Phase I. A complete bibliography follows the list of references.

  10. If Cars Were More Efficient Would We Use Less Fuel?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Kenneth A.; Dender, Kurt Van

    2007-01-01

    Efficient, Would We Use Less Fuel? B Y K E N N E T H A . S Mtask: just increase vehicle fuel efficiency, also known asexisting Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards.

  11. Single pulse phase-control interferometric coherent anti-StokesRaman scattering spectroscopy (CARS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lim, Sang-Hyun; Caster, Allison G.; Leone, Stephen R.

    2005-09-28

    In coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy (CARS) experiments, usually the amplitude of the signal is measured and the phase information is lost. With a polarization- and phase-controlled pulse shaping technique, the relative phase between the resonant and non-resonant CARS signals is controlled, and spectral interferometry is performed without an interferometer. Both the real and imaginary parts of the background-free resonant CARS spectrum are measured via spectral interferometry between the resonant and non-resonant signals from the same sample. The resonant signal is amplified significantly by homodyne mixing with the non-resonant signal as a local oscillator, greatly improving the detection limit.

  12. Time-resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy of the compact interacting binary QU Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. E. Hartley; J. E. Drew; K. S. Long

    2002-07-01

    We present HST/STIS (1160--1700A) echelle spectra of the cataclysmic variable (CV) star, QU Car, observed in time-tag mode at three epochs. In catalogues this binary is classified as a nova-like variable. We find evidence of a high-state non-magnetic CV at low inclination, with unusually high ionisation. We observed narrow absorption lines (few hundred km/s wide) in N V1240, O V1371 and Si IV1398, as well as broader (HWZI ~1000km/s) emission in C III1176, C IV1549 and He II1640, all with a superposed absorption component. High ionisation is indicated by the unusually string He II emission and the relative strength of the O V absorption line. The dereddened UV SED of, on average, -2.3 suggests that disc accretion dominates the spectral energy distribution. In two observations velocity shifting is noted in the absorption lines on a timescale long enough not to repeat within the ~2600-sec exposures. The absorption superposed on the C IV emission line moves coherently with the N V and Si IV absorption, suggesting the same origin for all absorption lines -- most likely to be in the accretion disc atmosphere. Weak blueshifted absorption in NV and C\\IV provides evidence of an outflow component and we estimate a maximum outflow velocity of ~2000km/s. This may be linked to a wind launched from further out in the disc than is typically seen in those high-state non-magnetic CV whose wind speeds are observed to reach to >4000km/s. Unusually, three ionisation stages of carbon -- C II, C III and C IV -- are present in emission, with line width increasing with higher ionisation. The presence of C II in emission and the positive line-width/ionisation correlation is most easily reconciled with an origin in a disc chromosphere, beyond the influence of the EUV-emitting inner disc.

  13. Orbit-averaged guiding-center Fokker-Planck operator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brizard, A. J. [Department of Chemistry and Physics, Saint Michael's College, Colchester, Vermont 05439 (United States); Decker, J.; Peysson, Y.; Duthoit, F.-X. [CEA, IRFM, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance F-13108 (France)

    2009-10-15

    A general orbit-averaged guiding-center Fokker-Planck operator suitable for the numerical analysis of transport processes in axisymmetric magnetized plasmas is presented. The orbit-averaged guiding-center operator describes transport processes in a three-dimensional guiding-center invariant space: the orbit-averaged magnetic-flux invariant {psi}, the minimum-B pitch-angle coordinate {xi}{sub 0}, and the momentum magnitude p.

  14. "Table 2. Real Average Annual Coal Transportation Costs, By Primary...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Real Average Annual Coal Transportation Costs, By Primary Transport Mode and Supply Region" "(2013 dollars per ton)" "Coal Supply Region",2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013 "Railroad"...

  15. LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION BARRELS) FILE UPDATED April 2004 Line Month Low High Number Product Name Geography...

  16. Localization via Automorphisms of the CARs. Local gauge invariance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrik Grundling; Karl-Hermann Neeb

    2010-01-07

    The classical matter fields are sections of a vector bundle E with base manifold M. The space L^2(E) of square integrable matter fields w.r.t. a locally Lebesgue measure on M, has an important module action of C_b^\\infty(M) on it. This module action defines restriction maps and encodes the local structure of the classical fields. For the quantum context, we show that this module action defines an automorphism group on the algebra A, of the canonical anticommutation relations on L^2(E), with which we can perform the analogous localization. That is, the net structure of the CAR, A, w.r.t. appropriate subsets of M can be obtained simply from the invariance algebras of appropriate subgroups. We also identify the quantum analogues of restriction maps. As a corollary, we prove a well-known "folk theorem," that the algebra A contains only trivial gauge invariant observables w.r.t. a local gauge group acting on E.

  17. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Cars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-08-30

    The General Motors and DOE cooperative agreement program DE-EE0003379 is completed. The program has integrated and demonstrated a lean-stratified gasoline engine, a lean aftertreatment system, a 12V Stop/Start system and an Active Thermal Management system along with the necessary controls that significantly improves fuel efficiency for small cars. The fuel economy objective of an increase of 25% over a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu and the emission objective of EPA T2B2 compliance have been accomplished. A brief review of the program, summarized from the narrative is: The program accelerates development and synergistic integration of four cost competitive technologies to improve fuel economy of a light-duty vehicle by at least 25% while meeting Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions standards. These technologies can be broadly implemented across the U.S. light-duty vehicle product line between 2015 and 2025 and are compatible with future and renewable biofuels. The technologies in this program are: lean combustion, innovative passive selective catalyst reduction lean aftertreatment, 12V stop/start and active thermal management. The technologies will be calibrated in a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu mid-size sedan for final fuel economy demonstration.

  18. Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) optimized by exploiting optical interference 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xi

    2012-07-16

    The purpose of this work is to study the interference between the coherent nonresonant four-wave-mixing (FWM) background and the Raman-resonant signal in the coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS). The nonresonant background is usually...

  19. Notes on the equality in SSA of entropy on CAR algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Pitrik; V. P. Belavkin

    2006-02-13

    We prove a necessary an sufficient condition for the states which satisfy strong subadditivity of von Neumann entropy with equality on CAR algebra and we show an example when the equality holds but the state is not separable.

  20. Automatic deployment of autonomous cars in a robotic urban-like environment (RULE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itani, Sara T.

    We present a computational framework and experimental setup for deployment of autonomous cars in a miniature Robotic Urban-Like Environment (RULE). The specifications are given in rich, human-like language as temporal logic ...

  1. The structure of strongly additive states and Markov triplets on the CAR algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna Jencova

    2010-08-05

    We find a characterization of states satisfying equality in strong subadditivity of entropy and of Markov triplets on the CAR algebra. For even states, a more detailed structure of the density matrix is given.

  2. Autonomous Golf Cars for Public Trial of Mobility-on-Demand Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frazzoli, Emilio

    We detail the design of autonomous golf cars which were used in public trials in Singapore’s Chinese and Japanese Gardens, for the purpose of raising public awareness and gaining user acceptance of autonomous vehicles. The ...

  3. Intra-car Wireless Sensors Data Collection: A Multi-hop Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starobinski, David

    , based on Zigbee, RFID, and ultra-wideband technologies ([2]-[4]), have been examined for replacing Indication (RSSI) profiles, of a Zigbee-based sensor network inside a car. The results in [3, 6, 7] provide

  4. Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at the Kentucky Speedway (NASA)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

  5. Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himpsel, Franz J.

    Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors (like a butterly, no bleaching after 5 years Miami) #12;Nanotechnology on our Desktops Hard Disk Sensor Medium

  6. Ohio State University Races to the Finish as the Winner of EcoCAR...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    GM provided each team with a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu to transform into an advanced plug-in hybrid vehicle that can compete with the most fuel-efficient cars on the market. The teams...

  7. Redesigning experimental equipment for determining peak pressure in a simulated tank car transfer line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, Richard A

    2007-01-01

    When liquids are transported from storage tanks to tank cars, improper order of valve openings can cause pressure surges in the transfer line. To model this phenomenon and predict the peak pressures in such a transfer line, ...

  8. The Ohio State University Wins Year One of North American EcoCAR...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    winning team for Year One of the EcoCAR 3 competition, a four-year collegiate engineering program that gives students the chance to design, build, and demonstrate...

  9. Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions Cars (Behavioral Focus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions ­ Cars (Behavioral Focus) presently understood potential of feedback to vehicle drivers to reduce on-road energy use and emissions

  10. Search/Archive Site Map About Us Contact Us Home Delivery Advertise Jobs Cars Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    Search/Archive Site Map About Us Contact Us Home Delivery Advertise Jobs · Cars · Homes smell strongly and badly. "Inorganic chemistry stinks," said Kenneth S. Suslick, the chemist who led

  11. EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program What are the key facts? First year finals of the EcoCAR2 competition conclude today in Los Angeles, CA. For the second...

  12. NREL: News - Winners for NREL's 25th Solar and Lithium Ion Car...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Share Printable Version News Release NR-2315 Winners for NREL's 25th Solar and Lithium Ion Car Races May 16, 2015 Sixty-three teams from 17 Colorado middle schools...

  13. Fact #575: June 15, 2009 Diesel Car Sales in Europe Still Over 50% in 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    More than half of all cars sold in Western Europe since 2006 are fueled by diesel. The overall share of diesel sales, however, declined slightly from 2007 to 2008. Belgium, France, and the United...

  14. Report on the 1. Techno Rally of small model cars driven by Stirling engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Isshiki, N.; Hirata, M.; Fujii, I.; Masuno, M.

    1998-07-01

    The first speed contest of model cars driven by hand made Stirling engines was held in summer of 1997 in Tokyo under the name of The First Stirling Techno Rally sponsored by JSME and others. The body of cars were smaller than 60 cm in length and 30 cm in width to fit the test course and Stirling engines were non-pressurized hot air engine fueled by gas or solid fuel. On the race day, 103 cars were gathered from high schools, universities and companies, and the contest was successful1 in both technical and educational purposes. The top speed record was 4.25 second for 13 m run. In this paper the details of this contest are reported. The second techno rally will be held in November, 1998 at Honda's sub car test course.

  15. How the green guys won : interest group strategies & the California Clean Cars Legislation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paine, Carli

    2005-01-01

    In July of 2002, the California State Legislature passed the "California Clean Cars Bill," the first law in the United States to regulate carbon dioxide as a vehicular pollutant. California's vehicular standards have ...

  16. Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1975, cars were just over 80% of light vehicle production. From the early 1980s to 2005, light trucks were an increasing share of the light vehicles produced. The share of sport utility vehicles...

  17. Fact #647: November 1, 2010 Sales Shifting from Light Trucks to Cars

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From 2005 to 2009 light vehicle sales have gradually shifted toward cars over light trucks. The graph below shows this trend broken down by the major manufacturers. This trend is more evident among...

  18. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon In 1975, only three percent of all...

  19. Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    with Low Fuel Economy The "Gas Guzzler Tax" is collected from the public for each new car purchased with fuel economy less than 22.5 miles per gallon (mpg). The Gas Guzzler Tax...

  20. Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The median age of cars and trucks in the U.S. continued to grow in 2008. Due to the economic climate and high gasoline prices that summer, consumers held onto their vehicles longer and delayed new...