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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Fuel Economy Standards, New Vehicle Sales, and Average Fuel Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The average fuel efficiency of new automobiles sold in the ... trend stagnated in 1981, however, and average fuel efficiency has actually fallen since 1987. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards—the maj...

Steven G. Thorpe

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

If Cars Were More Efficient Would We Use Less Fuel?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient, Would We Use Less Fuel? B Y K E N N E T H A . S Mtask: just increase vehicle fuel efficiency, also known asexisting Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards.

Small, Kenneth A.; Dender, Kurt Van

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Efficient Driving Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Parts & Equipment Maintenance Driving Behavior Management Strategies

4

Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Principal Investigator 13MY11 2011 DOE Vehicle Technologies Review Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle ACE064 "This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

5

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center:

6

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Tire Program Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Tire Fuel-Efficient Tire Program Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Tire Program Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Tire Program Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Tire Program Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Tire Program Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Tire Program Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Tire Program Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel-Efficient Tire Program Development The California Energy Commission (CEC) must adopt and implement a

7

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Goals  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Goals to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Goals on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Goals on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Goals on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Goals on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Goals on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Goals on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Goals To help achieve the statewide goal of reducing petroleum use by 20% by July

8

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

9

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

10

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Staples Delivers on Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency on AddThis.com... April 7, 2011 Staples Delivers on Fuel Efficiency " Over time, we'll look to increase the number of these trucks in the Staples fleet as an effective way to service our delivery customers while reducing

11

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

12

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

13

Residual Fuel Oil Prices, Average - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product/Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. - - - - - - 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1983-2013 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1983-2013

14

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient and Alternative Fuel Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient and Fuel-Efficient and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

15

Yearly-averaged daily usefulness efficiency of heliostat surfaces  

SciTech Connect

An analytical expression for estimating the instantaneous usefulness efficiency of a heliostat surface is obtained. A systematic procedure is then introduced to calculate the usefulness efficiency even when overlapping of blocking and shadowing on a heliostat surface exist. For possible estimation of the reflected energy from a given field, the local yearly-averaged daily usefulness efficiency is calculated. This efficiency is found to depend on site latitude angle, radial distance from the tower measured in tower heights, heliostat position azimuth angle and the radial spacing between heliostats. Charts for the local yearly-averaged daily usefulness efficiency are presented for {phi} = 0, 15, 30, and 45 N. These charts can be used in calculating the reflected radiation from a given cell. Utilization of these charts is demonstrated.

Elsayed, M.M.; Habeebuallah, M.B.; Al-Rabghi, O.M. (King Abdulaziz Univ., Jeddah (Saudi Arabia))

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Transportation System Efficiency  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Transportation System Transportation System Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Transportation System Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Transportation System Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Transportation System Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Transportation System Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Transportation System Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Transportation System Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Parts & Equipment Maintenance Driving Behavior Fleet Rightsizing System Efficiency Ridesharing Mass Transit Active Transit Multi-Modal Transportation Telework

17

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel and Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

18

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Carbon Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low Carbon Fuel and Low Carbon Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Carbon Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Carbon Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Carbon Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Carbon Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Carbon Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Carbon Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition Requirement on AddThis.com...

19

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel and Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Title Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Title Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Title Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Title Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Title Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Title Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Title Tax Exemption on AddThis.com...

20

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuel Efficiency and Emissions |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Batteries Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Combustion Engines Fuel Effects on Combustion Idle Reduction Emissions Waste Heat Recovery Lightweighting Parasitic Loss Reduction Lubricants...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sensitive to fuel prices than to CAFE standards, with the 2007 average fuel price implying that current CAFE09-0588 A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy, Michalek, and Hendrickson 1 ABSTRACT The U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations, which aim

Michalek, Jeremy J.

22

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Use Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Use Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Use Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Use Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Use Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Use Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

23

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Emissions Reduction Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Emissions Reduction Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Emissions Reduction Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Emissions Reduction Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Emissions Reduction Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Acquisition and Emissions Reduction Requirements on

24

Report: Efficiency, Alternative Fuels to Impact Market Through...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Efficiency, Alternative Fuels to Impact Market Through 2040 Report: Efficiency, Alternative Fuels to Impact Market Through 2040 February 26, 2014 - 12:00am Addthis Fuel efficiency...

25

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: April 28, 5: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices on AddThis.com... Fact #265: April 28, 2003 State Average Fuel Prices The American Automobile Association tracks gasoline and diesel prices

26

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's...

27

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: March 22, 2: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #312: March 22, 2004 State Average Fuel Prices, 2003 vs. 2004 on AddThis.com...

28

Matching Government Needs with Energy Efficient Fuel Cells |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Government Needs with Energy Efficient Fuel Cells Matching Government Needs with Energy Efficient Fuel Cells The Fuel Cell Technologies Office, Federal Energy Management Program,...

29

Matching National Laboratory Needs with Energy Efficient Fuel...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Laboratory Needs with Energy Efficient Fuel Cells Matching National Laboratory Needs with Energy Efficient Fuel Cells The Fuel Cell Technologies Office, Federal Energy...

30

Fact #624: May 24, 2010 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Model Years 2012-2016  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The final rule for the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards was published in March 2010. Under this rule, each light vehicle model produced for sale in the United States will have a fuel...

31

fuel efficiency | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fuel efficiency fuel efficiency Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 13 December, 2012 - 14:40 The Apps for Vehicles Challenge has begun! contest data fuel efficiency launch Obama Administration OpenEI Vehicles Data Challenge **Update: Visit the Apps for Vehicles page for all the information you need on the challenge.** Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 30 August, 2012 - 15:16 Historic Fuel Standards auto fuel efficiency obama standards vehicle White House On Tuesday, Ray Lahood, Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and Lisa P. Jackson, Environmental Protection Agency Administrator, unveiled the joint effort, along with the Obama Administration, to create record fuel standards for vehicles built between 2017 and 2025.

32

Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

33

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.93 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2 ...

34

BOILERS, BOILER FUEL AND BOILER EFFICIENCY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the modern boilers in the South African sugar industry. A new equation for the calculation of the net calorific value (NCV) of bagasse is suggested and a distinction is made between boiler design efficiency and boiler operation efficiency. Methods to calculate fuel calorific values and boiler efficiencies from first principles are presented.

A Wienese

35

The Role of Lubricant Additives in Fuel Efficiency and Emission...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lubricant Additives in Fuel Efficiency and Emission Reductions: Viscosity Effects The Role of Lubricant Additives in Fuel Efficiency and Emission Reductions: Viscosity Effects...

36

How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference...

37

Improving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials, and Reduced Weight Improving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials, and Reduced Weight 2012 DOE Hydrogen...

38

Sandia National Laboratories: More Efficient Fuel Cells under...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ECFacilitiesCenter for Infrastructure Research and Innovation (CIRI)More Efficient Fuel Cells under Development by Engineers More Efficient Fuel Cells under Development by...

39

A Materials Approach to Fuel-Efficient Tires | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel-Efficient Tires A Materials Approach to Fuel-Efficient Tires 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

40

Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient HD Engine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Approach to selection of technologies and their contribution to enhance heavy-duty truck fuel efficiency.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maximizing Alternative Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines

42

Fuel efficient power trains and vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The pressure on the automotive industry to improve fuel economy has already resulted in major developments in power train technology, as well as highlighting the need to treat the vehicle as a total system. In addition emissions legislation has resulted in further integration of the total vehicle engineering requirement. This volume discusses subject of fuel efficiency in the context of vehicle performance. The contents include: energy and the vehicle; the interaction of fuel economy and emission control in Europe-a literature study; comparison of a turbocharger to a supercharger on a spark ignited engine; knock protection - future fuel and engines; the unomatic transmission; passenger car diesel engines charged by different systems for improved fuel economy.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Registration Fee for Fuel-Efficient  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Reduced Registration Reduced Registration Fee for Fuel-Efficient Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Registration Fee for Fuel-Efficient Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Registration Fee for Fuel-Efficient Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Registration Fee for Fuel-Efficient Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Registration Fee for Fuel-Efficient Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Registration Fee for Fuel-Efficient Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Registration Fee for Fuel-Efficient Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

44

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Green Fleets Policy and Fleet  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Green Fuel-Efficient Green Fleets Policy and Fleet Management Program Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Green Fleets Policy and Fleet Management Program Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Green Fleets Policy and Fleet Management Program Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Green Fleets Policy and Fleet Management Program Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Green Fleets Policy and Fleet Management Program Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel-Efficient Green Fleets Policy and Fleet Management Program Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center:

45

Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Vehicle Technologies Office supports research to design engines optimized for alternative fuels that increases efficiency and takes advantage of these fuels' unique properties.

46

Novel Materials for High Efficiency Direct Methanol Fuel Cells  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

or otherwise restricted information Novel Materials for High Efficiency Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Chris Roger and David Mountz October 1, 2009 2009 Fuel Cell Projects Kickoff...

47

Step change in Fuel Efficiency:Eaton's perspective | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technologies Vehicles Home About Vehicle Technologies Office Plug-in Electric Vehicles & Batteries Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Alternative Fuels Modeling, Testing, Data & Results...

48

Impact of Battery Management on Fuel Efficiency Validity | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Validity Impact of Battery Management on Fuel Efficiency Validity 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

49

Equivalent circuits and efficiencies of fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By introducing an equivalent thermal potential fixed in terms of the heat of reaction, a thermodynamic equivalent circuit is determined for a fuel cell which yields the correct current-potential curve of the cell for low current by formal application of Ohm's law. The thermodynamic power balance and the thermodynamic efficiency also are given correctly. A linear electrical equivalent circuit is constructed which represents closely the electrical performance of the cell over a wide range of current (not approaching zero). The effect of polarization processes on the electrical power and efficiency is taken into account through a single constant parameter. Introduction of the equivalent thermal potential into the circuit yields a thermodynamic equivalent circuit whose output computed by formal use of Ohm's law coincides exactly with that given by the electrical equivalent circuit. The correct electrical properties, thermodynamic power balance, and thermodynamic efficiency follow directly from the circuit. A general theorem is formulated, independently of the validity of an equivalent circuit, connecting the thermodynamic and electrical efficiencies of a fuel cell. Confirmatory experimental results based on hydrogen—oxygen cells are presented, which underline the large reduction in available power brought about by polarization processes and entropy changes in a fuel cell.

J.J. Gilvarry; J.I. Slaughtert

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction and Fuel-Efficient, Low  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Reduction and Reduction and Fuel-Efficient, Low Emission Vehicle Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction and Fuel-Efficient, Low Emission Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction and Fuel-Efficient, Low Emission Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction and Fuel-Efficient, Low Emission Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction and Fuel-Efficient, Low Emission Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction and Fuel-Efficient, Low Emission Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle

51

Road to Fuel Savings: GM Technology Ramps Up Engine Efficiency...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Road to Fuel Savings: GM Technology Ramps Up Engine Efficiency Road to Fuel Savings: GM Technology Ramps Up Engine Efficiency August 14, 2014 - 11:25am Addthis Pictured here is an...

52

Fuel Efficiency Potential of Hydrogen Vehicles | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Efficiency Potential of Hydrogen Vehicles Fuel Efficiency Potential of Hydrogen Vehicles 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

53

Fact #794: August 26, 2013 How Much Does an Average Vehicle Owner Pay in Fuel Taxes Each Year?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

According to the Federal Highway Administration, the average fuel economy for all light vehicles on the road today is 21.4 miles per gallon (mpg). A person owning a gasoline vehicle with that fuel...

54

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean and Efficient Fleet Assistance  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clean and Efficient Clean and Efficient Fleet Assistance to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean and Efficient Fleet Assistance on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean and Efficient Fleet Assistance on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean and Efficient Fleet Assistance on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean and Efficient Fleet Assistance on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean and Efficient Fleet Assistance on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean and Efficient Fleet Assistance on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Clean and Efficient Fleet Assistance Western Washington Clean Cities and the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency

55

Fleet-averaged engine matrices for Australian vehicles and their use in fuel economy modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data obtained during standard chassis dynamometer testing at the University of Sydney is used to produce an engine fuel consumption matrix for the test vehicle. The matrix includes the effect of engine operational transients and is presented in a generalised engine parameter form which allows comparisons between dissimilar vehicles. A sufficient number of tests have been carried out to construct a fleet-averaged engine matrix for in-use Australian vehicles. A model is described which uses this matrix to predict the effect of variations in vehicle parameters and traffic flow patterns on the fuel consumption of a motor vehicle on the road or on the dynamometer.

T.J. Gibson; R.W. Bilger

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Energy Efficiency and Conservation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Energy State Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Energy Efficiency and Conservation Plans on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

58

NATCOR -Xpress case study Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATCOR - Xpress case study Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average octane levels must be at least 8.5 for gasoline, 7 for jet fuel, and 4.5 for heating to produce gasoline or jet fuel. Distilled oil can be used to produce all three products. The octane level

Hall, Julian

59

NATCOR -Xpress case study (advanced) Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATCOR - Xpress case study (advanced) Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average octane levels must be at least 8.5 for gasoline, 7 for jet fuel, and 4. Distilled naphtha can be used only to produce gasoline or jet fuel. Distilled oil can be used to produce

Hall, Julian

60

Petroleum Reduction Strategies to Improve Vehicle Fuel Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improve Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Improve Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Petroleum Reduction Strategies to Improve Vehicle Fuel Efficiency October 7, 2013 - 11:53am Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 3 For reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the table below describes petroleum reduction strategies to improve vehicle fuel efficiency, as well as guidance and best practices for each strategy. Table 1. Determining When and How to Promote the Use of Strategies to Improve Fuel Efficiency Strategy When Applicable Best Practices Acquiring higher fuel economy vehicles Applicable to all types of vehicles, regardless of ownership or vehicle and fuel type Mission and geographical (e.g., terrain, climate) constraints should be evaluated when acquiring new vehicles Use a VAM to ensure vehicles are right-sized to their intended mission.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Fuel Processing for High-Temperature High-Efficiency Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With commonly available fuels such as natural gas, only the high-temperature fuel cells MCFC and SOFC have reached electrical efficiencies of ?50% lower heating value (LHV). ... A high electrical efficiency of 60% has recently been demonstrated in a stationary field test system by Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd. with a 2 kW(electrical) unit fueled by natural gas using DIR as fuel processing option. ... Some catalyst manufacturers supply their catalysts in the reduced and stabilized state at a premium price. ...

Khaliq Ahmed; Karl Föger

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

62

Fees and rebates on new vehicles: Impacts on fuel efficiency, carbon dioxide emissions, and consumer surplus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several incentive systems are examined that provide rebates on vehicles with higher-than-average fuel efficiency and levy fees on vehicles with less efficiency. The rebates and fees are applied to new vehicles at the time of purchase, and the rates are set such that the total outlay for rebates equals the revenues from fees. We find that moderately-sized rebates and fees result in a substantial increase in average fuel efficiency. Most of the effect is due to manufacturers' incorporating more fuel-efficiency technologies into the vehicles that they offer, since the rebates and fees effectively lower the price to manufacturers of these technologies. Consumer surplus is found to rise, and the profits of domestic manufacturers are estimated to drop only slightly under most systems and actually to rise under one system.

Kenneth E. Train; William B. Davis; Mark D. Levine

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Fuel Efficiency and Emissions Optimization of Heavy-Duty Diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Emissions Optimization of Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines using Model-Based Transient Calibration Fuel Efficiency and Emissions Optimization of Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines using...

64

Petroleum Reduction Strategies to Improve Vehicle Fuel Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

For reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the table below describes petroleum reduction strategies to improve vehicle fuel efficiency, as well as guidance and best practices for each strategy.

65

Automotive Fuel Efficiency Improvement via Exhaust Gas Waste...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Waste Heat Conversion to Electricity Automotive Fuel Efficiency Improvement via Exhaust Gas Waste Heat Conversion to Electricity Working to expand the usage of thermoelectric...

66

U.S. average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be slightly lower in 2013 than in 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be slightly lower in 2013 than in 2012 Despite the recent run-up in gasoline prices, the U.S. Energy Information Administration expects falling crude oil prices will lead to a small decline in average motor fuel costs this year compared with last year. The price for regular gasoline is expected to average $3.55 a gallon in 2013 and $3.39 next year, according to EIA's new Short-Term Energy Outlook. That's down from $3.63 a gallon in 2012. For the short-term, however, pump prices are expected to peak at $3.73 per gallon in May because of higher seasonal fuel demand and refiners switching their production to make cleaner burning gasoline for the summer. Diesel fuel will continue to cost more than gasoline because of strong global demand for diesel.

67

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards

68

Report: Efficiency, Alternative Fuels to Impact Market Through 2040  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Fuel efficiency improvements and increased use of alternative fuels, will shrink gasoline's share of the fuel market 14% by 2040, according to a new report based on analysis of the U.S. Energy Information Administration in its Annual Energy Outl

69

INFOGRAPHIC: The Road to Fuel Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Road to Fuel Efficiency The Road to Fuel Efficiency INFOGRAPHIC: The Road to Fuel Efficiency November 27, 2012 - 11:01am Addthis This infographic takes a look at fuel economy standards and how recent improvements in these standards will benefit consumers and the U.S. economy. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity. This infographic takes a look at fuel economy standards and how recent improvements in these standards will benefit consumers and the U.S. economy. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity. Sarah Gerrity Sarah Gerrity Multimedia Editor, Office of Public Affairs The Obama Administration's new national fuel economy standards for passenger vehicles will improve vehicle efficiency and save Americans money at the pump, all while reducing our dependence on foreign oil and growing

70

A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The US Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations are intended to influence automaker vehicle design and pricing choices. CAFE policy has been in effect for the past three decades, and new legislation has raised standards significantly. We present a structural analysis of automaker responses to generic CAFE policies. We depart from prior CAFE analyses by focusing on vehicle design responses in long-run oligopolistic equilibrium, and we view vehicles as differentiated products, taking demand as a general function of price and product attributes. We find that under general cost, demand, and performance functions, single-product profit maximizing firm responses to CAFE standards follow a distinct pattern: firms ignore CAFE when the standard is low, treat CAFE as a vehicle design constraint for moderate standards, and violate CAFE when the standard is high. Further, the point and extent of first violation depends upon the penalty for violation, and the corresponding vehicle design is independent of further standard increases. Thus, increasing CAFE standards will eventually have no further impact on vehicle design if the penalty for violation is also not increased. We implement a case study by incorporating vehicle physics simulation, vehicle manufacturing and technology cost models, and a mixed logit demand model to examine equilibrium powertrain design and price decisions for a fixed vehicle body. Results indicate that equilibrium vehicle design is not bound by current CAFE standards, and vehicle design decisions are directly determined by market competition and consumer preferences. We find that with increased fuel economy standards, a higher violation penalty than the current stagnant penalty is needed to cause firms to increase their design fuel economy at equilibrium. However, the maximum attainable improvement can be modest even if the penalty is doubled. We also find that firms’ design responses are more sensitive to variation in fuel prices than to CAFE standards, within the examined ranges.

Ching-Shin Norman Shiau; Jeremy J. Michalek; Chris T. Hendrickson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Automobile Buyer Decisions about Fuel Economy and Fuel Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consumer Response to Automobile Regulation and TechnologicalConsumer Discounting of Automobile Fuel Economy: ReviewingDecisions: Evidence from Automobiles” Research Report.

Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Thomas

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Energy Efficiency First Fuel Requirement (Gas and Electric) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency First Fuel Requirement (Gas and Electric) Energy Efficiency First Fuel Requirement (Gas and Electric) Energy Efficiency First Fuel Requirement (Gas and Electric) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Utility Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Massachusetts Energy Efficiency Advisory Council Note: The 2013 Three Year Efficiency Plans have not yet been approved. The process is underway. For the latest draft plan, review the Massachusetts Energy Efficiency Advisory Council [http://www.ma-eeac.org/3%20Year%20Draft%20Plan%20November%202012.htm web site]. This summary will be updated once the Three Year Efficiency Plans have been approved in early 2013. In 2008, Governor Patrick signed a major energy reform bill, the [http://www.malegislature.gov/Laws/SessionLaws/Acts/2008/Chapter169 Green

73

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet Agency/Company /Organization: FIA Foundation, International Energy Agency, International Transport Forum, United Nations Environment Programme Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Best Practices Website: www.unep.org/transport/gfei/autotool/ This tool is designed to provide policymakers and interested individuals and groups with overviews of policy tools and approaches to improving fleet-wide automobile fuel efficiency and promote lower CO2 and non-CO2 emissions from cars, along with case studies that depict these approaches from developed and developing countries. How to Use This Tool

74

DOE Expands International Effort to Develop Fuel-Efficient Trucks |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expands International Effort to Develop Fuel-Efficient Trucks Expands International Effort to Develop Fuel-Efficient Trucks DOE Expands International Effort to Develop Fuel-Efficient Trucks June 30, 2008 - 2:15pm Addthis GOTHENBURG, SWEDEN - U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner and Volvo Group CEO Leif Johansson today agreed to expand cooperation to develop more fuel-efficient trucks. Once contractual negotiations are complete later this year, the cooperative program will be extended for three more years. An additional $9 million over three years in DOE funds will be matched by $9 million in Swedish government funds and $18 million from Volvo Group. When added with the existing $12 million commitment from the United States, Sweden and the Volvo Group the overall value of the cooperation will be $48

75

U.S. HDV GHG and Fuel Efficiency Final Rule | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

HDV GHG and Fuel Efficiency Final Rule U.S. HDV GHG and Fuel Efficiency Final Rule Reviews medium- and heavy-duty truck fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions standards and...

76

FuelEff&PhysicsAutosSanders FUEL EFFICIENCY AND THE PHYSICS OF AUTOMOBILES1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FuelEff&PhysicsAutosSanders 1 FUEL EFFICIENCY AND THE PHYSICS OF AUTOMOBILES1 Marc Ross, Physics in the operation of a modern automobile are expressed in terms of simple algebraic approximations. One purpose-engine thermodynamic efficiency, and engine and transmission frictions. The analysis applies to today's automobiles

Edwards, Paul N.

77

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Residential Energy Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Home Energy Audit: Contact Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power CFL Bulbs: Up to 10 CFL bulbs at reduced cost Water Heater: $75 Refrigerator Recycling: $30 Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power offers incentives to electric customers who wish to install energy efficient equipment in participating homes. Incentives are available for home energy audits, CFL light bulbs, tank water heaters and refrigerator recycling. Water heater purchases and

78

Berkeley Lab's Ashok Gadgil Takes Fuel Efficient Cookstoves to Ethiopia |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Berkeley Lab's Ashok Gadgil Takes Fuel Efficient Cookstoves to Berkeley Lab's Ashok Gadgil Takes Fuel Efficient Cookstoves to Ethiopia Berkeley Lab's Ashok Gadgil Takes Fuel Efficient Cookstoves to Ethiopia February 8, 2011 - 1:21pm Addthis Darfuri woman using a Berkeley-Darfur cookstove | Courtesy of darfurstoves.org Darfuri woman using a Berkeley-Darfur cookstove | Courtesy of darfurstoves.org April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Clean-burning cookstoves reduce the need for firewood in the developing world. Refugees are able to spend less time outside of the camps searching for fuel, therefore reducing the risk of violence and assault. By using less fuel, clean-burning cookstoves decrease deforestation and lessen greenhouse gas emissions. Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National

79

National Fuel (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Fuel (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates National Fuel (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates National Fuel (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Rebate amount cannot exceed the purchase price Program Info Start Date 1/1/2013 Expiration Date 3/31/2014 State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Furnace: $250 Forced Air Furnace with ECM: $350 Hot Water Boiler: $350 Steam Boiler: $200 Programmable Thermostat: $25 Indirect Water Heater: $250 Provider Energy Federation Incorporated (EFI) National Fuel offers pre-qualified equipment rebates for the installation of certain energy efficiency measures to residential customers in Western

80

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

SuperTruck Making Leaps in Fuel Efficiency  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Find out how the Energy Department and industry partners are improving fuel efficiency of long-haul tractor-trailers in an effort to reduce the nation’s oil consumption, decrease carbon pollution, and move our economy forward.

82

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Residential Energy Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Wyoming) Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Wyoming) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Insulation (Wall/Ceiling/Floor): $750 Insulation (Duct): $170 Infiltration Control: $200 Duct Sealing: $285 Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Home Energy Audit: Required for Infiltration Control, Insulation, Duct Sealing, and Window Rebates

83

Fuel-Efficient Stove Programs in Humanitarian Settings | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Stove Programs in Humanitarian Settings Fuel-Efficient Stove Programs in Humanitarian Settings Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Fuel-Efficient Stove Programs in Humanitarian Settings Agency/Company /Organization: USAID Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, Energy Efficiency Phase: Evaluate Options, Prepare a Plan, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Presentation, Publications User Interface: Spreadsheet, Website Website: www.energytoolbox.org/cookstoves/ Cost: Free Language: English A step-by-step process of assessment, planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation of a Cookstove activity This Toolkit is designed to take you and your organization through a step-by-step process of assessment, planning, implementation, and

84

High efficiency carbonate fuel cell/turbine hybrid power cycle  

SciTech Connect

The hybrid power cycle studies were conducted to identify a high efficiency, economically competitive system. A hybrid power cycle which generates power at an LHV efficiency > 70% was identified that includes an atmospheric pressure direct carbonate fuel cell, a gas turbine, and a steam cycle. In this cycle, natural gas fuel is mixed with recycled fuel cell anode exhaust, providing water for reforming fuel. The mixed gas then flows to a direct carbonate fuel cell which generates about 70% of the power. The portion of the anode exhaust which is not recycled is burned and heat transferred through a heat exchanger (HX) to the compressed air from a gas turbine. The heated compressed air is then heated further in the gas turbine burner and expands through the turbine generating 15% of the power. Half the exhaust from the turbine provides air for the anode exhaust burner. All of the turbine exhaust eventually flows through the fuel cell cathodes providing the O2 and CO2 needed in the electrochemical reaction. Exhaust from the cathodes flows to a steam system (heat recovery steam generator, staged steam turbine generating 15% of the cycle power). Simulation of a 200 MW plant with a hybrid power cycle had an LHV efficiency of 72.6%. Power output and efficiency are insensitive to ambient temperature, compared to a gas turbine combined cycle; NOx emissions are 75% lower. Estimated cost of electricity for 200 MW is 46 mills/kWh, which is competitive with combined cycle where fuel cost is > $5.8/MMBTU. Key requirement is HX; in the 200 MW plant studies, a HX operating at 1094 C using high temperature HX technology currently under development by METC for coal gassifiers was assumed. A study of a near term (20 MW) high efficiency direct carbonate fuel cell/turbine hybrid power cycle has also been completed.

Steinfeld, G.; Maru, H.C. [Energy Research Corp., Danbury, CT (United States); Sanderson, R.A. [Sanderson (Robert) and Associates, Wethersfield, CT (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Reactivity Initiated Accident Test Series Test RIA 1-1 (radial average fuel enthalpy of 285 cal/g) fuel behavior report  

SciTech Connect

Analyses, interpretations, and discussions of results from the Reactivity Initiated Accident (RIA) Test Series, Test RIA 1-1, conducted in the Power Burst Facility reactor are presented. Four light water reactor (LWR) type test fuel rods, two previously irradiated and two previously unirradiated, were subjected to a single power transient resulting in an estimated axial peak, radial average fuel enthalpy of 285 cal/g (335 and 315 cal/g peak fuel enthalpy near the pellet surface of the previously irradiated and unirradiated test rods, respectively). The total radial average energy deposition for the test was 365 cal/g UO2. All four test rods failed as a result of the RIA power burst. Test fuel rod behavior was assessed from instrumentation response data and post-test metallurgical observations.

Seiffert, S.L.; Martinson, Z.R.; Fukuda, S.K.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Fuel Efficiency of New European HD Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

87

Substrate Degradation Kinetics, Microbial Diversity, and Current Efficiency of Microbial Fuel Cells Supplied with Marine Plankton  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Efficiency of Microbial Fuel Cells Supplied with Marine Plankton Published...plankton addition fuel cell experiments...In this study, marine plankton was observed...efficiency of microbial fuel cells supplied with marine plankton. | The...

Clare E. Reimers; Hilmar A. Stecher III; John C. Westall; Yvan Alleau; Kate A. Howell; Leslie Soule; Helen K. White; Peter R. Girguis

2007-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

88

High Efficiency Direct Carbon and Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Fossil Fuel Power Generation  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen he1 cells have been under development for a number of years and are now nearing commercial applications. Direct carbon fuel cells, heretofore, have not reached practical stages of development because of problems in fuel reactivity and cell configuration. The carbon/air fuel cell reaction (C + O{sub 2} = CO{sub 2}) has the advantage of having a nearly zero entropy change. This allows a theoretical efficiency of 100 % at 700-800 C. The activities of the C fuel and CO{sub 2} product do not change during consumption of the fuel. Consequently, the EMF is invariant; this raises the possibility of 100% fuel utilization in a single pass. (In contrast, the high-temperature hydrogen fuel cell has a theoretical efficiency of and changes in fuel activity limit practical utilizations to 75-85%.) A direct carbon fuel cell is currently being developed that utilizes reactive carbon particulates wetted by a molten carbonate electrolyte. Pure COZ is evolved at the anode and oxygen from air is consumed at the cathode. Electrochemical data is reported here for the carbon/air cell utilizing carbons derived from he1 oil pyrolysis, purified coal, purified bio-char and petroleum coke. At 800 O C, a voltage efficiency of 80% was measured at power densities of 0.5-1 kW/m2. Carbon and hydrogen fuels may be produced simultaneously at lugh efficiency from: (1) natural gas, by thermal decomposition, (2) petroleum, by coking or pyrolysis of distillates, (3) coal, by sequential hydrogasification to methane and thermal pyrolysis of the methane, with recycle of the hydrogen, and (4) biomass, similarly by sequential hydrogenation and thermal pyrolysis. Fuel production data may be combined with direct C and H2 fuel cell operating data for power cycle estimates. Thermal to electric efficiencies indicate 80% HHV [85% LHV] for petroleum, 75.5% HHV [83.4% LHV] for natural gas and 68.3% HHV [70.8% LHV] for lignite coal. Possible benefits of integrated carbon and hydrogen fuel cell power generation cycles are: (1) increased efficiency by a factor of up to 2 over many conventional fossil fuel steam plants, (2) reduced power generation cost, especially for increasing fossil fuel cost, (3) reduced CO2 emission per kWh, and (4) direct sequestration or reuse (e.g., in enhanced oil or NG recovery) of the CO{sub 2} product.

Steinberg, M; Cooper, J F; Cherepy, N

2002-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

89

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Commercial and Industrial Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebate Program (Wyoming) Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebate Program (Wyoming) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Other Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Custom: 50% of project cost Program Info Start Date 06/09/2011 State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Water Heater: $75 - $300 Furnaces: $250 - $400 Boilers: $150 - $400 Setback Thermostat: $25 - $50 Convection Oven: $100 High Efficiency Range/Oven: $500 Conveyor Oven: $500 Fryer: $500 Broiler: $100 Steam Cooker: $500 Vent Dampers for Boilers: $125 Custom: Two year buy down or 50% of project cost, whichever is less

90

Consumer’s Surplus with a Racial Apology? Black Relative to Non-Black Inequality in the Welfare Gains of Fuel-Efficient Cars and Trucks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers whether race conditions the welfare gains associated with the purchase of cars and trucks that comply with National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency Sta...

Juliet U. Elu; Gregory N. Price

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel-Efficient  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel-Efficient Vehicle The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel-Efficient Vehicle January 8, 2014 - 1:10pm Addthis Read the 2014 Fuel Economy Guide to inform your new car purchase this year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Thomas_EyeDesign Read the 2014 Fuel Economy Guide to inform your new car purchase this year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Thomas_EyeDesign Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Other ways to save money at the pump You can save money and use less fuel even without the purchase of a new car. Check out these easy tips to boost your gas mileage and save money. Are you in the market for a new car to start off the New Year? Choosing the

92

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014- Dataset  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Excel file with dataset for Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

93

Pellet Fueling Technology Development Leading to Efficient Fueling of ITER Burning Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Pellet injection is the primary fueling technique planned for central fueling of the ITER burning plasma, which is a requirement for achieving high fusion gain. Injection of pellets from the inner wall has been shown on present day tokamaks to provide efficient fueling and is planned for use on ITER [1,2]. Significant development of pellet fueling technology has occurred as a result of the ITER R&D process. Extrusion rates with batch extruders have reached more than 1/2 of the ITER design specification of 1.3 cm3/s [3] and the ability to fuel efficiently from the inner wall by injecting through curved guide tubes has been demonstrated on several fusion devices. Modeling of the fueling deposition from inner wall pellet injection has been done using the Parks et al. ExB drift model [4] shows that inside launched pellets of 3mm size and speeds of 300 m/s have the capability to fuel well inside the separatrix. Gas fueling on the other hand is calculated to have very poor fueling efficiency due to the high density and wide scrape off layer compared to current machines. Isotopically mixed D/T pellets can provide efficient tritium fueling that will minimize tritium wall loading when compared to gas puffing of tritium. In addition, the use of pellets as an ELM trigger has been demonstrated and continues to be investigated as an ELM mitigation technique. During the ITER CDA and EDA the U.S. was responsible for ITER fueling system design and R&D and is in good position to resume this role for the ITER pellet fueling system. Currently the performance of the ITER guide tube design is under investigation. A mockup is being built that will allow tests with different pellet sizes and repetition rates. The results of these tests and their implication for fueling efficiency and central fueling will be discussed. The ITER pellet injection technology developments to date, specified requirements, and remaining development issues will be presented along with a plan to reach the design goal in time for employment on ITER.

Baylor, Larry R [ORNL; Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL; Jernigan, Thomas C [ORNL; Houlberg, Wayne A [ORNL; Maruyama, S. [ITER International Team, Garching, Germany; Owen, Larry W [ORNL; Parks, P. B. [General Atomics; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Fuel Flexible Combustion Systems for High-Efficiency Utilization of Opportunity Fuels in Gas Turbines  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this program was to develop low-emissions, efficient fuel-flexible combustion technology which enables operation of a given gas turbine on a wider range of opportunity fuels that lie outside of current natural gas-centered fuel specifications. The program encompasses a selection of important, representative fuels of opportunity for gas turbines with widely varying fundamental properties of combustion. The research program covers conceptual and detailed combustor design, fabrication, and testing of retrofitable and/or novel fuel-flexible gas turbine combustor hardware, specifically advanced fuel nozzle technology, at full-scale gas turbine combustor conditions. This project was performed over the period of October 2008 through September 2011 under Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-08NT05868 for the U.S. Department of Energy/National Energy Technology Laboratory (USDOE/NETL) entitled "Fuel Flexible Combustion Systems for High-Efficiency Utilization of Opportunity Fuels in Gas Turbines". The overall objective of this program was met with great success. GE was able to successfully demonstrate the operability of two fuel-flexible combustion nozzles over a wide range of opportunity fuels at heavy-duty gas turbine conditions while meeting emissions goals. The GE MS6000B ("6B") gas turbine engine was chosen as the target platform for new fuel-flexible premixer development. Comprehensive conceptual design and analysis of new fuel-flexible premixing nozzles were undertaken. Gas turbine cycle models and detailed flow network models of the combustor provide the premixer conditions (temperature, pressure, pressure drops, velocities, and air flow splits) and illustrate the impact of widely varying fuel flow rates on the combustor. Detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms were employed to compare some fundamental combustion characteristics of the target fuels, including flame speeds and lean blow-out behavior. Perfectly premixed combustion experiments were conducted to provide experimental combustion data of our target fuels at gas turbine conditions. Based on an initial assessment of premixer design requirements and challenges, the most promising sub-scale premixer concepts were evaluated both experimentally and computationally. After comprehensive screening tests, two best performing concepts were scaled up for further development. High pressure single nozzle tests were performed with the scaled premixer concepts at target gas turbine conditions with opportunity fuels. Single-digit NOx emissions were demonstrated for syngas fuels. Plasma-assisted pilot technology was demonstrated to enhance ignition capability and provide additional flame stability margin to a standard premixing fuel nozzle. However, the impact of plasma on NOx emissions was observed to be unacceptable given the goals of this program and difficult to avoid.

Venkatesan, Krishna

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

95

Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engine itself is more efficient, providing potentially more power for a given average fuel consumption.

Schipper, Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Northwest home buyers' fuel and energy-efficiency preferences  

SciTech Connect

This study for the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) investigated home buyers' heating fuel and energy-efficiency preferences, and the influence of incentives on their choices. The study was conducted in four regions of Washington State: Spokane and Pierce Counties, where the Model Conservation Standards (MCS) for new electrically heated homes have been adopted as local code, and King and Clark Counties, where the MCS has been implemented only through a voluntary marketing program. The results of this study provide useful information about energy-efficiency, space heating fuel type, and alternative incentive programs. They provide initial evidence that fuel-specific energy-efficiency standards may significantly affect the shares of different heating fuels in the new home market. They also suggest that cash rebates and utility rate incentives may have a modest effect on the shares for different heating fuels. Because these results are based on a technique relying on hypothetical choices and because they reflect only four metropolitan areas, further study must be conducted to determine whether the results apply to other locations and whether other analytic approaches produce similar findings. 3 refs.

Lee, A.D.; Harkreader, S.A.; Bruneau, C.L.; Volke, S.M.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

SuperTruck ? Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Tractor & Trailer 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

98

Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Highway...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Highway Vehicle 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

99

Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Highway...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Highway Vehicle 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

100

Integrated Electrorefining Efficiency Test for Pyrochemical Fuel Cycle  

SciTech Connect

Pyrochemical processing plays an important role in the development of next generation nuclear reactors and closed nuclear fuel cycle technology. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has implemented a pyrochemical process for the treatment of sodium-bonded spent fuel from the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II). A successful demonstration of the technology was performed from 1996 to 1999 for the Department of Energy (DOE) [1]. Processing of the spent fuel and associated research and development activities have been integrated into DOE’s Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiatives (AFCI) program since 2003. Electrorefining can be considered to be the signature or central technology for pyrochemical processing. In order to assess the efficiencies involved in the electrorefining process, an integrated electrorefining efficiency test was performed in the Mk-IV electrorefiner. This paper summarizes the observations and results obtained from the test. EXPERIMENT AND RESULTS The primary goal of the integrated processing efficiency test is to demonstrate the integrated actinide dissolution and recovery efficiencies typical for the fixed operating parameters that have been applied to Mk-IV electrorefiner (ER) and cathode processor (CP) to treat spent EBR-II driver fuel during the last three years. The findings are of importance for scaling-up the pyroprocess to recover and recycle valuable actinides from spent nuclear fuel. The test was performed in the Mk-IV electrorefiner. The ER is located in the hot cell of the Fuel Conditioning Facility at the Materials and Fuels Complex. Descriptions of the major components of the ER and the process in general have been provided elsewhere [2]. Salt and cadmium levels were measured, and multiple samples were obtained prior to performing the integrated test to establish an ER baseline for assessing the test results. The test consisted of four electrorefining batches of spent driver fuel with approximately 50 kg heavy metal. Typically, three to four ER runs are required to complete a batch. Fig. 1 shows pictures of the cathodes produced by three electrorefining runs during the second batch. The cathode No.3 in the figure has clearly different morphology than that of the first two. The cathodes produced by the other three batches have the similar morphology as those pictured. The first and second cathodes are ordinary uranium dendrite, and the third and fourth cathode show typically high Zr content morphology [3]. The end-point for each batch was determined by weighing each anode basket and assuring a net residue mass being equal or less than 3.0 kg. The 3.0 kg residue included any un-dissolved fuel constituents and adhering salt. Previous operating experience has shown that uranium dissolution in excess of 99.7 wt% was achieved when using this established end-point. Cladding hull samples were taken from each basket after it was removed from the ER. The actinide dissolution efficiency will be evaluated when the analytical results become available. Cathode No. 1 Cathode No. 2 Cathode No. 3 Fig.1 Three cathodes produced through electrorefining the second batch of spent EBR-II driver fuel As a part of the integrated efficiency test, the cat

S. X. Li; T. A. Johnson; R. W. Benedict; D. Vaden; B. R. Westphal

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Efficient Use of Natural Gas Based Fuels in Heavy-Duty Engines...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Use of Natural Gas Based Fuels in Heavy-Duty Engines Efficient Use of Natural Gas Based Fuels in Heavy-Duty Engines Natural gas and other liquid feedstocks for transportation fuels...

102

Use of a Diesel Fuel Processor for Rapid and Efficient Regeneration...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Use of a Diesel Fuel Processor for Rapid and Efficient Regeneration of Single Leg NOx Adsorber Systems Use of a Diesel Fuel Processor for Rapid and Efficient Regeneration of Single...

103

Solar Generator Performance with Load Matching to Water Electrolysis Longterm Averages and Range of Instantaneous Efficiencies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency of producing hydrogen by solar energy conversion via solar cells and water electrolysis is determined by the performance of the ... wired to an electronic simulation of an advanced water electrolys...

K. Freudenberg

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Advanced proton-exchange materials for energy efficient fuel cells.  

SciTech Connect

The ''Advanced Proton-Exchange Materials for Energy Efficient Fuel Cells'' Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project began in October 2002 and ended in September 2005. This LDRD was funded by the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy strategic business unit. The purpose of this LDRD was to initiate the fundamental research necessary for the development of a novel proton-exchange membranes (PEM) to overcome the material and performance limitations of the ''state of the art'' Nafion that is used in both hydrogen and methanol fuel cells. An atomistic modeling effort was added to this LDRD in order to establish a frame work between predicted morphology and observed PEM morphology in order to relate it to fuel cell performance. Significant progress was made in the area of PEM material design, development, and demonstration during this LDRD. A fundamental understanding involving the role of the structure of the PEM material as a function of sulfonic acid content, polymer topology, chemical composition, molecular weight, and electrode electrolyte ink development was demonstrated during this LDRD. PEM materials based upon random and block polyimides, polybenzimidazoles, and polyphenylenes were created and evaluated for improvements in proton conductivity, reduced swelling, reduced O{sub 2} and H{sub 2} permeability, and increased thermal stability. Results from this work reveal that the family of polyphenylenes potentially solves several technical challenges associated with obtaining a high temperature PEM membrane. Fuel cell relevant properties such as high proton conductivity (>120 mS/cm), good thermal stability, and mechanical robustness were demonstrated during this LDRD. This report summarizes the technical accomplishments and results of this LDRD.

Fujimoto, Cy H.; Grest, Gary Stephen; Hickner, Michael A.; Cornelius, Christopher James; Staiger, Chad Lynn; Hibbs, Michael R.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Problems 1) Explain why the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle is not as efficient as the reported "tank  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Problems 1) Explain why the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle is not as efficient as the reported "tank to wheel" efficiencies would suggest. Hydrogen must be produced, stored, and transported to heat and leaking of hydrogen in the atmosphere. Additionally it takes power to produce hydrogen

Bowen, James D.

106

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric) - Commercial Energy Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Wyoming) Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Wyoming) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Custom: 50% of project cost Program Info Start Date 06/09/2011 State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T8 Fixtures: $5 - $18 /system or $0.50 /lamp Fluorescents: $4 - $125 CFLs: $8 - $25 Indirect Lighting: $16 - $24 Pulse Start Metal Halide Fixtures: $25 - $65 Lighting Controls: $12 - $35 Variable Frequency Drive: $30 /hp Totally Enclosed Fan-Cooled: $10 - $600 Open Drip-Proof: $10 - $600 Custom: Buy down to 2 year pay back or 50% of cost, whichever is less

107

Fuel-Mix, Fuel Efficiency, and Transport Demand Affect Prospects for Biofuels in Northern Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Consumption structure parameters describe how the four road transport processes are being consumed, such as, for example, the amount of car-sharing and private vehicle ownership per capita—and are based on country-specific trend extrapolation using data provided by national statistical agencies and other research institutions (13-17, 35). ... As Ohrogge et al. point out, although there are uncertainties in the pace of electric car development and market penetration, future strategies aimed at promoting bioelectricity instead of ethanol for substituting conventional fuels like gasoline in cars and promoting more diesel engines in heavier vehicles may be the best route to the goal of reducing petroleum consumption and CO2 emissions (69). ... In the case of Sweden, where forest operations are highly and efficiently mechanized, this stage consumes more fossil fuels than other elements of the wood supply chain (such as silviculture and logging operations). ...

Ryan M. Bright; Anders Hammer Strømman

2010-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

108

Improving Efficiency and Load Range of Boosted HCCI using Partial Fuel Stratification with Conventional Gasoline  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Explores the potential of partial fuel stratification to improve the efficiency of internal combustion engines utilizing the homogeneous charge compression-ignition cycle.

109

Novel Materials for High Efficiency Direct Methanol Fuel Cells  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presented at the Department of Energy Fuel Cell Projects Kickoff Meeting, September 1 – October 1, 2009

110

EM Safely and Efficiently Manages Spent Nuclear Fuel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Waste Management » Nuclear Materials & Waste » EM Services » Waste Management » Nuclear Materials & Waste » EM Safely and Efficiently Manages Spent Nuclear Fuel EM Safely and Efficiently Manages Spent Nuclear Fuel Dry storage casks at Idaho National Laboratory can safely house spent nuclear fuel for decades. Dry storage casks at Idaho National Laboratory can safely house spent nuclear fuel for decades. EM's mission is to safely and efficiently manage its spent nuclear fuel and prepare it for disposal in a geologic repository. Previously, the Office of Environmental Management's (EM) mission had included the safe and efficient management of its spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and preparation for its disposal in a geologic repository. However, in May 2009, the planned geologic repository at Yucca Mountain was cancelled. The

111

Peak Oil Demand: The Role of Fuel Efficiency and Alternative Fuels in a Global Oil Production Decline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peak Oil Demand: The Role of Fuel Efficiency and Alternative Fuels in a Global Oil Production Decline ... (11) Another analysis suggests that a transition to hydrogen- and natural-gas-fueled vehicles—and the associated climate benefits—will partly be driven by dwindling oil supplies. ... Within each class, we do not attempt to predict the exact substitute that will dominate (for example, whether electricity, hydrogen fuel cells, or natural gas will prevail in the passenger car market), but rather model the aggregate contribution of alternatives to conventional oil. ...

Adam R. Brandt; Adam Millard-Ball; Matthew Ganser; Steven M. Gorelick

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

112

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

113

A Materials Approach to Fuel-Efficient Tires  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

114

Potential of Thermoelectrics forOccupant Comfort and Fuel Efficiency...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Documents & Publications Vehicle Fuel Economy Improvement through Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Caterpillar Diesel Racing: Yesterday & Today Thermoelectric Conversion of...

115

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

116

Matching Federal Government Energy Needs with Energy Efficient Fuel Cells  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation by Keith Spitznagel of LOGANEnergy was given at the Fuel Cell Meeting in April 2007.

117

Air Force Achieves Fuel Efficiency through Industry Best Practices (Brochure), Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

highest potential to save aviation fuel. highest potential to save aviation fuel. All MAF personnel are encouraged to propose fuel savings ideas. These ideas are then processed as initiatives, assigned a primary point of contact, and routed through an analysis process to prepare the initiative for presenta- tion to the Air Force's corporate structure. The corporate structure then evaluates and determines the initiatives with the highest potential fuel savings. Fuel-saving efforts focus on six major areas: policy, planning, execution, maintenance, science and technology, and fuel-efficient aircraft systems. The MAF also established a predetermined set of fuel-savings metrics and required reporting. In fiscal year 2011, implemented fuel initiatives saved the MAF more than 42 million gallons of aviation fuel in both

118

54.5 MPG and Beyond: Fueling Energy-Efficient Vehicles | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4.5 MPG and Beyond: Fueling Energy-Efficient Vehicles 4.5 MPG and Beyond: Fueling Energy-Efficient Vehicles 54.5 MPG and Beyond: Fueling Energy-Efficient Vehicles November 27, 2012 - 11:08am Addthis This infographic looks how new fuel economy standards will save Americans money at the pump, reduce our dependence on foreign oil and grow the U.S. economy. Click here to view the full infographic. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity. This infographic looks how new fuel economy standards will save Americans money at the pump, reduce our dependence on foreign oil and grow the U.S. economy. Click here to view the full infographic. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity. This infographic looks how new fuel economy standards will save Americans money at the pump, reduce our dependence on foreign oil and grow the U.S. economy. Click here to view the full infographic. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity.

119

Road to Fuel Savings: GM Technology Ramps Up Engine Efficiency...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

support from the Energy Department, is having a big impact on the vehicle's fuel consumption. Called the Intake Valve Lift Control, this technology is helping drivers save up...

120

Lubricants - Pathway to Improving Fuel Efficiency of Legacy Fleet...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for low-viscosity lubricants and low-friction surfaces and additives to reduce fuel consumption, and impact of such approaches on other critical lubricant metrics...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Developing Low-Cost, Highly Efficient Heat Recovery for Fuel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy is utilizing its current commercialization channels to market the new hybrid fuel cell technologies. Distribution partners LOGAN Energy, Pfister Energy, and PPL Energy Plus...

122

Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Besides their energy security and environmental benefits, many alternative fuels such as biodiesel, ethanol, and natural gas have unique chemical properties that offer advantages to drivers. These...

123

Energy Department Offers $50 Million to Advance Fuel Efficient...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lightweighting materials; cost-effective batteries and power electronics; advanced heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems; and improved fuels and lubricants. With...

124

Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting ace064confer2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications...

125

Gasoline Ultra Fuel Efficient Vehicle | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ace064confer2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Gasoline...

126

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NOx after-treatment systems have functional implementation limitations (i.e. performance, cost, packaging, etc.) * Significant fuel economy improvement requires integration of...

127

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting ace063smith2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel...

128

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ace063smith2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel...

129

Future Engine Fluids Technologies: Durable, Fuel-Efficient, and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Market Introducution in Europe Characteristics and Effects of Lubricant Additive Chemistry and Exhaust Conditions on Diesel Particulate Filter Service Life and Vehicle Fuel...

130

Improving the lifetime performance of ceramic fuel cells Fuel cells generate electricity from fuels more efficiently and with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

received an $800,000 Department of Energy grant to study how to make one type of fuel cell--solid oxide is now seeking just a 0.2 percent loss of output per 1,000 hours. Solid oxide fuel cells operate at high to the development of low-cost, modular and fuel-flexible solid oxide fuel cell technology. #12;

Rollins, Andrew M.

131

Integrated Powertrain and Vehicle Technologies for Fuel Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Reduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Meeting the most stringent emission standards in the world (EPA2002, EPA2007, EPA2010) required the strength of global organizations EPA2002 emission regulation was associated with a significant drop in engine thermal efficiency; DOE support of R&D program helped avoid further efficiency drop in 2007; EPA2010 will lead to simultaneous improvements in emissions and fuel efficiency for most manufacturers

132

Veolia and Johnson Controls Get the Job Done with Clean, Fuel Efficient  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Veolia and Johnson Controls Get the Job Done with Clean, Fuel Veolia and Johnson Controls Get the Job Done with Clean, Fuel Efficient Fleets Veolia and Johnson Controls Get the Job Done with Clean, Fuel Efficient Fleets March 9, 2012 - 2:15pm Addthis With their presence in almost every neighborhood and community, refuse trucks, like the one shown above, can benefit from alternative fuels and advanced technology. | Photo courtesy of Veolia Environmental Services. With their presence in almost every neighborhood and community, refuse trucks, like the one shown above, can benefit from alternative fuels and advanced technology. | Photo courtesy of Veolia Environmental Services. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? Veolia operates four compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling stations

133

Veolia and Johnson Controls Get the Job Done with Clean, Fuel Efficient  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Veolia and Johnson Controls Get the Job Done with Clean, Fuel Veolia and Johnson Controls Get the Job Done with Clean, Fuel Efficient Fleets Veolia and Johnson Controls Get the Job Done with Clean, Fuel Efficient Fleets March 9, 2012 - 2:15pm Addthis With their presence in almost every neighborhood and community, refuse trucks, like the one shown above, can benefit from alternative fuels and advanced technology. | Photo courtesy of Veolia Environmental Services. With their presence in almost every neighborhood and community, refuse trucks, like the one shown above, can benefit from alternative fuels and advanced technology. | Photo courtesy of Veolia Environmental Services. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? Veolia operates four compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling stations

134

Fact #764: January 28, 2013 Model Year 2013 Brings More Fuel Efficient Choices for Consumers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Over the last six years, manufacturers have made more fuel efficient choices available to consumers in several size classes. For a consumer purchasing a new large car in 2008, the highest combined...

135

Analysis of the fuel efficiency of gas-turbine cogeneration stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique for evaluating the fuel efficiency of the combined generation of electricity and heat at a gas-turbine cogeneration station is presented. The effects the regeneration degree of the gas-turbine cycle a...

V. I. Evenko; A. S. Strebkov

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The impact of aircraft design reference mission on fuel efficiency in the air transportation system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Existing commercial aircraft are designed for high mission flexibility, which results in decreased fuel efficiency throughout the operational life of an aircraft. The objective of this research is to quantify the impact ...

Yutko, Brian M. (Brian Matthew)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Lubricants- Pathway to Improving Fuel Efficiency of Legacy Fleet Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Reviews recent studies on potential for low-viscosity lubricants and low-friction surfaces and additives to reduce fuel consumption, and impact of such approaches on other critical lubricant metrics

138

A Temperature Stabilized Tachometer for the Fuel Efficient Automobile  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this day of energy conversion and high petroleum costs the optimum consumption of fuel is the goal of all owners of gas and diesel vehicles. The tachometer used with internal combustion engines permits engine revolution monitoring and with proper ...

G. Wilcox; J. L. Mason

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Correlations of fuel economy, exhaust hydro-carbon concentrations, and vehicle performance efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CORRELATIONS OF FUEL ECONOMY, EXHAUST HYDROCARBON CONCENTRATIONS, AND VEHICLE PERFORMANCE EFFICIENCY A Thesis by PHILIP DOUGLAS BAUMANN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1974 Major Subject: Civil Engineering CORRELATIONS OF FUEL ECONOMY, EXHAUST HYDROCARBON CONCENTRATIONS, AND VEHICLE PERFORMANCE EFFICIENCY A Thesis by PHILIP DOUGLAS BAUMANN Approved as to style and content by...

Baumann, Philip Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

140

How much do I pay? Our state gas tax is 20 per gallon. The average driver pays $9.52 a month in state fuel taxes. Of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How much do I pay? Our state gas tax is 20¢ per gallon. The average driver pays $9.52 a month.4¢ Federal Gov 38.4¢ Total Gas Taxes State Gas Tax Gas Tax Facts Texas Transportation and Your Fuel Tax Texarkana Sherman-Denison College Station- Bryan Killeen-Temple Beaumont 83 54 60 40 287 27 83 277 8462 87

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Pyroprocessing oxide spent nuclear fuels for efficient disposal  

SciTech Connect

Pyrochemical processing as a means for conditioning spent nuclear fuels for disposal offers significant advantages over the direct disposal option. The advantages include reduction in high-level waste volume; conversion of most of the high-level waste to a low-level waste in which nearly all the transuranics (TRU) have been removed; and incorporation of the TRUs into a stable, highly radioactive waste form suitable for interim storage, ultimate destruction, or repository disposal. The lithium process has been under development at Argonne National Laboratory for use in pyrochemical conditioning of spent fuel for disposal. All of the process steps have been demonstrated in small-scale (0.5-kg simulated spent fuel) experiments. Engineering-scale (20-kg simulated spent fuel) demonstration of the process is underway, and small-scale experiments have been conducted with actual spent fuel from a light water reactor (LWR). The lithium process is simple, operates at relatively low temperatures, and can achieve high decontamination factors for the TRU elements. Ordinary materials, such as carbon steel, can be used for process containment.

McPheeters, C.C.; Pierce, R.D.; Mulcahey, T.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemical Technology Div.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

Transport Studies Enabling Efficiency Optimization of Cost-Competitive Fuel Cell Stacks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AURORA Program Overview Topic 4A. Transport within the PEM Stack / Transport Studies Transport Studies Enabling Efficiency Optimization of Cost-Competitive Fuel Cell Stacks Award#: DE-EE0000472 US DOE Fuel Cell Projects Kickoff Meeting Washington, DC September 30, 2009 Program Objectives The objective of this program is to optimize the efficiency of a stack technology meeting DOE cost targets. As cost reduction is of central importance in commercialization, the objective of this program addresses all fuel cell applications. AURORA C. Performance Technical Barriers Premise: DOE cost targets can be met by jointly exceeding both the Pt loading (1.0 W/cm2) targets.

143

Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winner 22nd Operations Group Fuel Efficiency Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Efficiency Office U.S. Air Force McConnell Air Force Base, Kansas During FY 2012, the 22nd Operations Group Fuel Efficiency Office (FEO) designed and implemented multiple measures, including a focus on institutional culture change, to reduce inefficiency in fuel management of the KC-135 aircraft and save the Air Force $4.3 million during a 42 percent rise in local sorties (the deployment of aircraft for missions of national defense or aircrew proficiency). These efforts included reducing KC-135 landing fuel by 5000 lb per sortie to save 1.94 million gallons per year; changing the KC-135 standard landing configuration to save 50 lb of fuel per approach; and implementing a new training configuration to reduce aircraft basic weight by 1,600 lb. The FEO also incorporated Mission Index Flying

144

Alternative Fuels Data Center: College Students Engineer Efficient...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

American college teams were challenged to reduce the environmental impact and improve the energy efficiency of a Chevrolet Malibu sedan without compromising performance, safety,...

145

Supertruck - Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Attain 50% BTE Engine Demonstrate path towards 55% BTE Engine Barriers Assemble a cost effective, robust, reduced weight technologies for 50% freight efficiency Increase...

146

Final Scientific Report - "Improved Fuel Efficiency from Nanocomposite Tire Tread"  

SciTech Connect

Rolling resistance, a measure of the energy lost as a tire rotates while moving, is a significant source of power and fuel loss. Recently, low rolling resistant tires have been formulated by adding silica to tire tread. These "Green Tires" (so named from the environmental advantages of lower emissions and improved fuel economy) have seen some commercial success in Europe, where high fuel prices and performance drive tire selection. Unfortunately, the higher costs of the silica and a more complicated manufacturing process have prevented significant commercialization - and the resulting fuel savings - in the U.S. In this project, TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) prepared an inexpensive alternative to silica that leads to tire components with lower rolling resistance. These new tire composite materials were processed with traditional rubber processing equipment. We prepared specially designed nanoparticle additives, based on a high purity, inorganic mineral whose surface can be easily modified for compatibility with tire tread formulations. Our nanocomposites decreased energy losses to hysteresis, the loss of energy from the compression and relaxation of an elastic material, by nearly 20% compared to a blank SBR sample. We also demonstrated better performance than a leading silica product, with easier production of our final rubber nanocomposite.

Dr. Andrew Myers

2005-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

147

SuperTruck Making Leaps in Fuel Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The recent SuperTruck demonstration at the Energy Department's headquarters in Washington, D.C., showed off a new Class 8 tractor-trailer that achieves a 20% increase in engine efficiency and a 70% increase in freight efficiency, reaching over 10

148

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Improving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials, and Reduced Weight  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Cooper Tire at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about improving vehicle fuel efficiency...

149

Hydrogen Air Fuel Cell Powered Passenger Car Fever — Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle for Efficiency and Range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various technologies are used or developed to alleviate the atmospheric pollution due to exhaust gases from the vehicles: catalytic post — treatment, gaseous fuel and electric vehicles. Renault has decided to ...

J. C. Griesemann; D. Corgier; P. Achard…

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

system-efficiency Go system-efficiency Go Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1ox6tpc Average Annual Fuel Use of Major Vehicle Categories Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1ox6tpc Comparison of fuel use, miles traveled, and fuel economy among vehicle types Last update April 2013 View Graph Graph Download Data Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1fnxsdr Average Per-Passenger Fuel Economy of Various Travel Modes Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1fnxsdr Comparison of per-passenger fuel economy for various modes of transportation. Last update April 2013 View Graph Graph Download Data Average Annual Fuel Use of Major Vehicle Categories Class 8 Truck Transit Bus Refuse Truck Para. Shuttle Taxi Delivery Truck School Bus Police Light Truck Light-Duty Vehicle Car Motorcycle Annual Fuel Use (GGE) 11500 10063 9876.738 2695 3392 1814 1896.33375 1423.474 853.56725 528.8785 459.4805 33

151

Thermally efficient melting and fuel reforming for glass making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An integrated process for utilizing waste heat from a glass making furnace. The hot off-gas from the furnace is initially partially cooled, then fed to a reformer. In the reformer, the partially cooled off-gas is further cooled against a hydrocarbon which is thus reformed into a synthesis gas, which is then fed into the glass making furnace as a fuel. The further cooled off-gas is then recycled back to absorb the heat from the hot off-gas to perform the initial cooling.

Chen, Michael S. (Zionsville, PA); Painter, Corning F. (Allentown, PA); Pastore, Steven P. (Allentown, PA); Roth, Gary S. (Trexlertown, PA); Winchester, David C. (Allentown, PA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Design and testing of a procedure for evaluating fuel-efficient crankcase lubricants  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were conducted to design and evaluate a procedure for evaluating the fuel efficiency characteristics of crankcase lubricants using the driving cycles of the 1975 Federal Test Procedure and the Highway Fuel Economy Test. Most of the test protocol was based on guidelines proposed by the American Society for Testing and Materials. Three crankcase lubricants and five oil supplements, as well as a baseline lubricant, were used in eight 1980 model-year vehicles of identical make. The vehicles were operated at 75/sup 0/F (24/sup 0/C) in closely controlled chassis dynamometer tests designed to detect small changes in fuel efficiency. Results from these tests showed measurable increases in fuel economy of 0 to 6% with the test lubricants when compared to a common SAE 30 grade oil. These results are not definitive because of lack of quantification of mileage accumulation effects. The test protocol did reduce measurement variability greatly; this procedure can be applied to evaluation of fuel-efficient oils using larger test fleets. A good potential exists for improving the fuel economy of the US automotive fleet. Because of the large quantities of petroleum consumed in the automotive sector, this potential savings translates into conserving a very significant quantity of petroleum.

Naman, T.M.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Optimization of efficiency and energy density of passive micro fuel cells and galvanic hydrogen generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A PEM micro fuel cell system is described which is based on self-breathing PEM micro fuel cells in the power range between 1 mW and 1W. Hydrogen is supplied with on-demand hydrogen production with help of a galvanic cell, that produces hydrogen when Zn reacts with water. The system can be used as a battery replacement for low power applications and has the potential to improve the run time of autonomous systems. The efficiency has been investigated as function of fuel cell construction and tested for several load profiles.

Hahn, Robert; Krumbholz, Steffen; Reichl, Herbert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Krakow Clean Fossil Fuels and Energy Efficiency Program  

SciTech Connect

The Support for Eastern European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 directed the US Department of Energy (DOE) to undertake an equipment assessment project aimed at developing the capability within Poland to manufacture or modify industrial-scale combustion equipment to utilize fossil fuels cleanly. The project is being conducted in three phases. In Phase I, testing and analytical activities will establish the current level of emissions from existing equipment and operating practices, and will provide estimates of the costs and emission reductions of various options. Phase II consists of a series of public meetings in both Poland and the United States to present the results of Phase I activities. In Phase III, DOE will issue a solicitation for Polish/US joint ventures to perform commercial feasibility studies for the use of US technology in one or more of the areas under consideration. This report provides interim results from Phase 1.

Butcher, T.; Pierce, B.; Krishna, C.R.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

INL receives GreenGov Presidential Award for fleet fuel efficiency improvements  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Idaho National Laboratory has received a 2010 GreenGov Presidential Award for outstanding achievement in fuel efficiency in its bus and automotive fleets. The award was presented today in Washington, D.C., as part of a three-day symposium on improving sustainability and energy efficiency across the federal government. Lots more content like this is available at INL's facebook page http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

156

Project Information Form Project Title Routing Strategies for Efficient Deployment of Alt. Fuel Vehicles for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

agency or organization) US DOT $90,000 Total Project Cost $90,000 Agency ID or Contract Number DTRT13-GProject Information Form Project Title Routing Strategies for Efficient Deployment of Alt. Fuel-UTC29 Start and End Dates May 16, 2014 to May 31, 2015 Brief Description of Research Project

California at Davis, University of

157

Sustainable Transportation: Accelerating Widespread Adoption of Energy Efficient Vehicles & Fuels (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

While energy efficient transportation strategies have the potential to simultaneously slash oil consumption and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, a truly sustainable solution will require more than just putting drivers behind the wheels of new fuel-efficient cars. As the only national laboratory dedicated 100% to renewable energy and energy efficiency, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) accelerates widespread adoption of high-performance, low-emission, energy-efficient passenger and freight vehicles, as well as alternative fuels and related infrastructure. Researchers collaborate closely with industry, government, and research partners, using a whole-systems approach to design better batteries, drivetrains, and engines, as well as thermal management, energy storage, power electronic, climate control, alternative fuel, combustion, and emission systems. NREL's sustainable transportation research, development, and deployment (RD&D) efforts are not limited to vehicles, roads, and fueling stations. The lab also explores ways to save energy and reduce GHGs by integrating transportation technology advancements with renewable energy generation, power grids and building systems, urban planning and policy, and fleet operations.

Not Available

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Assessment of fuel efficiency of neem biodiesel (Azadirachta indica) in a single cylinder diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increase of petroleum diesel usage and its environmental pollution necessitate the study of alternate fuel production. Vegetable oils are the viable alternate form of non-polluted, renewable fuel to diesel engines. In this work, the non-edible oil, neem (Azadirachta indica) was used to produce biodiesel by a two step transesterification process. The fuel properties of the biodiesel thus produced were determined by standard methods. It is further tested in a single cylinder diesel engine by mixing with petroleum diesel in various percentages. The brake thermal efficiency (BTE) and specific fuel consumption (SFC) of the engine running with biodiesel blends (10-50%) were compared with the petroleum diesel. The results have shown that the performance of the diesel engine was similar as that of normal diesel and thus the use of biodiesel in diesel engine is viable.

M. Mathiyazhagan; T. Elango; T. Senthilkumar; A. Ganapathi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Turning Bacteria into Fuel: Cyanobacteria Designed for Solar-Powered Highly Efficient Production of Biofuels  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: ASU is engineering a type of photosynthetic bacteria that efficiently produce fatty acids—a fuel precursor for biofuels. This type of bacteria, called Synechocystis, is already good at converting solar energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) into a type of fatty acid called lauric acid. ASU has modified the organism so it continuously converts sunlight and CO2 into fatty acids—overriding its natural tendency to use solar energy solely for cell growth and maximizing the solar-to-fuel conversion process. ASU’s approach is different because most biofuels research focuses on increasing cellular biomass and not on excreting fatty acids. The project has also identified a unique way to convert the harvested lauric acid into a fuel that can be easily blended with existing transportation fuels.

None

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Evaluation of soy based heavy fuel oil emulsifiers for energy efficiency and environmental improvement  

SciTech Connect

It is known that the emulsification of water into heavy fuel oil (No. 6) can result in improved atomization of the fuel in a combustion chamber, which results in several benefits. In this study, two soybean lecithin based emulsifiers were evaluated. The emulsifiers were added to the No. 6 fuel at 0.5% and 1 % levels and emulsions of 10% and 15% water were prepared and burned in a pilot scale combustion chamber. The results showed a significant decrease in NO{sub x} emissions, and a reduction in carbon particulates, as well as a decrease in the excess oxygen requirement when the emulsions were burned when compared to fuel oil alone and a fuel oil/water mixture without the emulsifier. It was concluded that the use of a soybean lecithin based emulsifier may be used to increase the burning efficiency of heavy fuel oils, reduce emissions and particulates, and reduce down time for cleaning. This can be very important in utility plants which burn large volumes of heavy fuel oil and are located near urban areas.

Lee, P.K.; Szuhaj, B.F. [Central Soya Company, Inc., Fort Wayne, IN (United States); Diego, A. [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

High efficiency direct fuel cell hybrid power cycle for near term application  

SciTech Connect

Direct carbonate fuel cells being developed by Energy Research Corporation can generate power at an efficiency approaching 60% LHV. This unique fuel cell technology can consume natural gas and other hydrocarbon based fuels directly without requiring an external reformer, thus providing a simpler and inherently efficient power generation system. A 2 MW power plant demonstration of this technology has been initiated at an installation in the city of Santa Clara in California. A 2.85 MW commercial configuration shown in Figure 1 is presently being developed. The complete plant includes the carbonate fuel cell modules, an inverter, transformer and switchgear, a heat recovery unit and supporting instrument air and water treatment systems. The emission levels for this 2.85 MW plant are projected to be orders of magnitude below existing or proposed standards. The 30 year levelized cost of electricity, without inflation, is projected to be approximately 5{cents}/kW-h assuming capital cost for the carbonate fuel cell system of $1000/kW.

Steinfeld, G.; Maru, H.C. [Energy Research Corp., Danbury, CT (United States); Sanderson, R.A. [Fuel Cell Systems Consultant, Wethersfield, CT (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

162

Chemical-looping combustion -- Efficient conversion of chemical energy in fuels into work  

SciTech Connect

In thermal power plants, a large amount of the useful energy in the fuel is destroyed during the combustion process. This paper presents theoretical thermodynamic studies of a new system to increase the energy conversion efficiency of chemical energy in fuels into work. The system includes a gas turbine system with chemical-looping combustion where a metal oxide is used as an oxygen carrier. Instead of conventional combustion, the oxidation of the fuel is carried out in a two-step reaction. The first reaction step is an exothermic oxidation of a metal with air and the second reaction step an endothermic oxidation of the fuel with the metal oxide from the first step. The low grade heat in the exhaust gas is used to drive the endothermic reaction. This two-step reaction has proven to be one way to increase the energy utilization compared to conventional combustion. Results for a gas turbine reheat cycle with methane as a fuel and NiO as an oxygen carrier show that the gain in net power efficiency for the chemical-looping combustion system is as high as 5 percentage points compared to a similar conventional gas turbine system. An exergy analysis of the reactions shows that less irreversibilities are generated with chemical looping combustion than with conventional combustion. Another advantage with chemical-looping combustion is that the greenhouse gas CO{sub 2} is separated from the other exhaust gases without decreasing the overall-system thermal efficiency. This is an important feature since future regulations of CO{sub 2} emission are likely to be strict. Today, most of the suggested CO{sub 2} separation methods are considered to reduce the thermal efficiency at least 5--10 percentage points and to require expensive equipment.

Anheden, M.; Naesholm, A.S.; Svedberg, G. [Royal Inst. of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

163

POTENTIAL IMPACT OF INTERFACIAL BONDING EFFICIENCY ON USED NUCLEAR FUEL VIBRATION INTEGRITY DURING NORMAL TRANSPORTATION  

SciTech Connect

Finite element analysis (FEA) was used to investigate the impacts of interfacial bonding efficiency at pellet pellet and pellet clad interfaces on surrogate of used nuclear fuel (UNF) vibration integrity. The FEA simulation results were also validated and benchmarked with reversible bending fatigue test results on surrogate rods consisting of stainless steel (SS) tubes with alumina-pellet inserts. Bending moments (M) are applied to the FEA models to evaluate the system responses of the surrogate rods. From the induced curvature, , the flexural rigidity EI can be estimated as EI=M/ . The impacts of interfacial bonding efficiency include the moment carrying capacity distribution between pellets and clad and cohesion influence on the flexural rigidity of the surrogate rod system. The result also indicates that the immediate consequences of interfacial de-bonding are a load carrying capacity shift from the fuel pellets to the clad and a reduction of the composite rod flexural rigidity. Therefore, the flexural rigidity of the surrogate rod and the bending moment bearing capacity between the clad and fuel pellets are strongly dependent on the efficiency of interfacial bonding at the pellet pellet and pellet clad interfaces. FEA models will be further used to study UNF vibration integrity.

Jiang, Hao [ORNL] [ORNL; Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL] [ORNL; Wang, Hong [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Influence of input momentum and losses in the turbine on the efficiency of a turbofan engine with periodic fuel combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that research carried out by leading aeroengine manufactures on the use of the thermodynamically high-efficient GTE cycle with the periodic fuel combustion is very urgent. The investigation results...

V. I. Bogdanov; A. K. Dormidontov

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Vehicle Technologies Office 2013 Merit Review: A MultiAir / MultiFuel Approach to Enhancing Engine System Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A presentation given by Chrysler at the 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting on its project to research a multi-air and multi-fuel approach to improving engine efficiency.

166

Energy Efficient Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficient Technologies Energy Efficient Technologies Energy efficient technologies are available now! Many of the vehicles currently on display in dealer showrooms boast new performance-enhancing, fuel-saving technologies that can save you money. Engine Technologies Transmission Technologies All Engine Technology Average Efficiency Increase Variable Valve Timing & Lift improve engine efficiency by optimizing the flow of fuel & air into the engine for various engine speeds. 5% Cylinder Deactivation saves fuel by deactivating cylinders when they are not needed. 7.5% Turbochargers & Superchargers increase engine power, allowing manufacturers to downsize engines without sacrificing performance or to increase performance without lowering fuel economy. 7.5% Integrated Starter/Generator (ISG) Systems automatically turn the engine on/off when the vehicle is stopped to reduce fuel consumed during idling. 8%

167

Development and Demonstration of a New Generation High Efficiency 10kW Stationary Fuel Cell System  

SciTech Connect

The overall project objective is to develop and demonstrate a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell combined heat and power (PEMFC CHP) system that provides the foundation for commercial, mass produced units which achieve over 40% electrical efficiency (fuel to electric conversion) from 50-100% load, greater than 70% overall efficiency (fuel to electric energy + usable waste heat energy conversion), have the potential to achieve 40,000 hours durability on all major process components, and can be produced in high volumes at under $400/kW (revised to $750/kW per 2011 DOE estimates) capital cost.

Howell, Thomas Russell

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

168

Efficient storage of hydrogen fuel into leaky cages of clathrate hydrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate an alternative principle to efficiently store molecular hydrogen fuel into clathrate hydrate medium. Hydrogen-free hydrate powders quickly absorb the hydrogen gas at moderate pressure appropriate for industrial applications. The absorption kinetics was observed in situ by nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR)spectroscopy in a pressurized tube. The diffusion of hydrogen through the solid hydrate medium was directly measured by pulsed field gradient NMR. At temperatures down to 250 K the stored hydrogen is still mobile so that the hydrate storage should work well even in cold environments.

Takuo Okuchi; Igor L. Moudrakovski; John. A. Ripmeester

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maps and Data  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Consumption and Efficiency Consumption and Efficiency All Categories Vehicles AFVs and HEVs Fuel Consumption and Efficiency Vehicle Market Driving Patterns Fuels & Infrastructure Fuel Trends Emissions Alternative Fueling Stations Idle Reduction Transportation Infrastructure Biofuels Production Laws & Incentives Regulated Fleets Federal Fleets State & Alt Fuel Providers Clean Cities Vehicles Petroleum Use Reduction Program OR Go Sort by: Category Most Recent Most Popular 13 results Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1ox6tpc Average Annual Fuel Use of Major Vehicle Categories Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1ox6tpc Comparison of fuel use, miles traveled, and fuel economy among vehicle types Last update April 2013 View Graph Graph Download Data Generated_thumb20130810-31804-ufdolp Average Annual Vehicle Miles Traveled of Major Vehicle Categories

170

Interactions between fuel choice and energy-efficiency in new homes in the Pacific Northwest  

SciTech Connect

In recent years the Bonneville Power Administration has instituted programs to prompt the implementation of the residential Model Conservation Standards (MCS) issued by the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) in 1983. These standards provide alternative methods for designing and constructing homes to cost effectively reduce residential energy consumption. Authority exists to apply them only to new, electrically heated homes. Because they apply to electrically heated homes, concerns have arisen about how the standards might affect buyers' decisions to purchase a new home, in particular, their choice of a heating fuel. Early data suggested that electricity started losing market share in Tacoma about when the MCS went into effect in 1984, and recent data have shown that about half of electricity's share of the new home market has shifted to natural gas. This decline in electric heating was consistent with concerns about the possible detrimental effect of the cost of MCS on sales of electrically heated homes. A desire to understand the causes of the perceived decline in electricity's market share was part of the impetus for this study. Multiple techniques and data sources are used in this study to examine the relationship between residential energy-efficiency and fuel choice in the major metropolitan areas in Washington: Spokane, Clark, Pierce, and King Counties. Recent regional surveys have shown that electricity is the predominant space heating fuel in the Pacific Northwest, but it appears to be losing its dominance in some markets such as Tacoma.

Lee, A.D.; Englin, J.E.; Bruneau, C.L.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

For the 2014 model year, midsize hybrid cars averaged 43.4 miles per gallon (mpg) while midsize non-hybrid cars averaged 28.7 mpg; the difference between the two has narrowed due to the rising...

172

High Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Fuels using Nuclear Power Annual Report August, 2000 - July 2001  

SciTech Connect

OAK B188 High Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Fuels using Nuclear Power Annual Report August 2000 - July 2001. Currently no large scale, cost-effective, environmentally attractive hydrogen production process is available for commercialization nor has such a process been identified. Hydrogen is a promising energy carrier, which potentially could replace the fossil fuels used in the transportation sector of our economy. Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion are thought to be responsible for global warming. The purpose of this work is to determine the potential for efficient, cost-effective, large-scale production of hydrogen utilizing high temperature heat from an advanced nuclear power station. The benefits of this work will include the generation of a low-polluting transportable energy feedstock in an efficient method that has little or no implication for greenhouse gas emissions from a primary energy source whose availability and sources are domestically controlled. This will help to ensure energy for a future transportation/energy infrastructure that is not influenced/controlled by foreign governments. This report describes work accomplished during the second year (Phase 2) of a three year project whose objective is to ''define an economically feasible concept for production of hydrogen, by nuclear means, using an advanced high temperature nuclear reactor as the energy source.'' The emphasis of the first year (Phase 1) was to evaluate thermochemical processes which offer the potential for efficient, cost-effective, large-scale production of hydrogen from water, in which the primary energy input is high temperature heat from an advanced nuclear reactor and to select one (or, at most, three) for further detailed consideration. Phase 1 met its goals and did select one process, the sulfur-iodine process, for investigation in Phases 2 and 3. The combined goals of Phases 2 and 3 were to select the advanced nuclear reactor best suited to driving the selected thermochemical process and to define the selected reactor and process to the point that capital costs, operating costs and the resultant cost of hydrogen can be estimated. During original contract negotiation, it was necessary to reduce work scope to meet funding limits. As a result, the reactor interface and process will not be iterated to the point that only hydrogen is produced. Rather, hydrogen and electricity will be co-generated and the hydrogen cost will be stated as a function of the electricity sales price.

Brown, L.C.

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Use and Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Requirements State-owned vehicle fleets must implement petroleum displacement plans to increase the use of alternative fuels and fuel-efficient...

174

Two-step fuel oxidation to improve efficiency in the conversion of chemical energy into work  

SciTech Connect

It is well known that in the conversion of chemical exergy into work a remarkable percentage of exergy is destroyed during the combustion process. Obviously, hypothetical reversible combustions, as proposed in some papers, are not to be taken into account. On the contrary, recent studies of a new system to increase the efficiency of the conversion of chemical exergy into work appear interesting. The proposed system includes a gas turbine system with chemical-looping combustion where a metal oxide is used as an oxygen carrier. Instead of conventional combustion, the oxidation of fuel is carried out in a two-step reaction. The first step is an endothermic reaction in which a metal oxide is reduced by fuel at low temperature and the second step an exothermic reaction in which the products of the former reaction are subjected to oxidation. The thermal energy of low exergy value in the exhaust gas is employed to drive the endothermic reaction. Various systems have been proposed and tested. The power-generation system (called CLSA), with chemical-looping combustion and air saturation seems the most convenient. When only saturated air is used, exergy destruction becomes small in the middle- and low temperature range. However, the inefficiency in the high temperature range remains. On the other hand, when only chemical-looping combustion is used, exergy destruction becomes small in the high- and middle temperature range. However, the inefficiency in the low-temperature range is now not removed. When both technologies are combined, exergy efficiency may become much greater than that obtained from each individual process. The synergistic effect of combining these two technologies is analogous to the improvement achieved when a combined system was designed as a new power-generation system by combining a gas turbine with a steam turbine. For a model system, an exergy efficiency of 53.3% is obtained when the process water is recovered and a value of about 55% is obtained when water is not recovered. A significant advantage of the CLSA system is that CO{sub 2} can be easily recovered. The CO{sub 2} produced in the reduction reactor is not diluted by air since air and fuel enter different reactors. This is quite different from a traditional combustor in which CO{sub 2} is diluted in air and hence cannot be concentrated and separated economically. In the CLSA system, since the exhaust gas from the reduction reactor is composed only of high-concentration CO{sub 2} and water vapor, CO{sub 2} can be easily recovered by cooling the exhaust gas and removing the liquid water, i.e. very little energy expenditure is required for recovering CO{sub 2} from the exhaust gas. The recovered CO{sub 2} may be utilized, e.g., in artificial photosynthesis, whereas a simple recovery without any utilization but only to reduce greenhouse effect seems questionable. Another significant characteristic of CLSA system is that the most of the water vapor in the exhaust gas can be recovered by cooling the exhaust gas from the oxidation reactor. In chemical-looping combustion, fuel is not burned directly and the gas discharged from the oxidation reactor has no impurities from the fuel. Hence, there will be no corrosion of the apparatus when the exhaust gas is cooled to a very low temperature and low cost materials can be utilized for the heat exchangers. Because of the recycling of the most part of water, the CLSA system can be used in locations with limited water resources. Chemical-looping combustion system can be also combined with an integrated coal gasification and this topic appears very interesting. Indeed, to achieve better conversion efficiencies and lower pollutant emissions in power plants, new technologies that combines coal gasification with a gas turbine based combined cycle have been extensively studied worldwide.

Bisio, G.; Rubatto, R.; Marletta, L.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Using polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells in a hybrid surface ship propulsion plant to increase fuel efficiency .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An increasingly mobile US Navy surface fleet and oil price uncertainty contrast with the Navy's desire to lower the amount of money spent purchasing fuel.… (more)

Kroll, Douglas M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzing fuel efficiency Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) is a project of the NC Solar... Quality, and State Energy Office with support from the Triangle Clean Cities, Centralina Clean Fuels......

177

Improving gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine efficiency and emissions with hydrogen from exhaust gas fuel reforming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Exhaust gas fuel reforming has been identified as a thermochemical energy recovery technology with potential to improve gasoline engine efficiency, and thereby reduce CO2 in addition to other gaseous and particulate matter (PM) emissions. The principle relies on achieving energy recovery from the hot exhaust stream by endothermic catalytic reforming of gasoline and a fraction of the engine exhaust gas. The hydrogen-rich reformate has higher enthalpy than the gasoline fed to the reformer and is recirculated to the intake manifold, i.e. reformed exhaust gas recirculation (REGR). The REGR system was simulated by supplying hydrogen and carbon monoxide (CO) into a conventional EGR system. The hydrogen and CO concentrations in the REGR stream were selected to be achievable in practice at typical gasoline exhaust temperatures. Emphasis was placed on comparing REGR to the baseline gasoline engine, and also to conventional EGR. The results demonstrate the potential of REGR to simultaneously increase thermal efficiency, reduce gaseous emissions and decrease PM formation.

Daniel Fennell; Jose Herreros; Athanasios Tsolakis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

FBC (fluidized-bed combustors) engineering correlations for estimating the combustion efficiency of a range of fuels  

SciTech Connect

Simplified engineering correlations are presented for estimating the combustion efficiency of a wide range of fuel types in fluidized bed boilers. The correlations are presented in such a way that they can be applied to various boiler designs, including both bubbling and circulating beds. Major emphasis is placed on minimizing the boiler design and operating details required, thereby enhancing the usefulness of these methods as screening tools. The impact of fuel type is addressed by making use of the fuel characterization parameters measured by the Babcock and Wilcox Company for the Electric Power Research Institute. It is demonstrated that the methods described give combustion efficiency estimates that agree well with typical observations from some well-documented fluidized bed combustion test facilities. 16 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Daw, C.S.; Chandran, R.R.; Duqum, J.N.; Perna, M.A.; Petrill, E.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Achieving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency: The CAFE Standards and Abstract: As a series of political objectives converge and call for enhanced domestic automobile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recommendations for the United States and China: rework minimum fuel efficiency standards, raise the gasoline tax situation in the United States is largely defined by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, whichAchieving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency: The CAFE Standards and Beyond Abstract: As a series of political

Mauzerall, Denise

180

Power, Efficiency, and Emissions Optimization of a Single Cylinder Direct-Injected Diesel Engine for Testing of Alternative Fuels through Heat Release Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power, Efficiency, and Emissions Optimization of a Single Cylinder Direct-Injected Diesel Engine for Testing of Alternative Fuels through Heat Release Modeling BY Jonathan Michael Stearns Mattson Submitted to the graduate degree program..., Efficiency, and Emissions Optimization of a Single Cylinder Direct-Injected Diesel Engine for Testing of Alternative Fuels through Heat Release Modeling BY Jonathan Michael Stearns Mattson...

Mattson, Jonathan Michael Stearns

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The sucrose fuel cell: Efficient biomass conversion using a microbial catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sucrose was used as a fuel in a thionine-mediated microbial fuel cell containingProteus vulgaris serving as the biocatalyst in the anode compartment. The measured yields show that under suitable conditions the su...

H. P. Bennetto; G. M. Delaney; J. R. Mason; S. D. Roller…

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Demonstration of a high-efficiency steam reformer for fuel cell power plant applications  

SciTech Connect

Full-scale tests of a new modular steam reformer confirm its suitability for a wide range of fuel cell power plant applications. This new fuel processor offers interested utilities excellent performance, operating flexibility, reliability, and maintainability.

Udengaard, N.R.; Christiansen, L.J.; Summers, W.A.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: A Materials Approach to Fuel-Efficient Tires  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by PPG Industries at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about a materials approach to fuel...

184

Improving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials, and Reduced Weight  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

185

Improving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Through Tire Design, Materials, and Reduced Weight  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

186

Fuel Effects on Mixing-Controlled Combustion Strategies for High-Efficiency Clean-Combustion Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

187

Emissions and efficiency of agricultural diesels using low-proof ethanol as supplement fuel. [Tractor engines  

SciTech Connect

Experimental investigations were made to evaluate the potential of using low-proof ethanol to supplement diesel fuel in agricultural engines. Fumigation, mechanical emulsification, and chemical emulsifiers were used to introduce a significant amount of alcohol with diesel fuel for engine operation. A total of five diesel tractor engines were tested using each of the fuel systems. Exhaust products and fuel usage were determined at various engine speed/load conditions. 5 references, 12 figures, 14 tables.

Allsup, J.R.; Clingenpeel, J.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

A MultiAir / MultiFuel Approach to Enhancing Engine System Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

189

Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Highway Vehicle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

190

Supertruck- Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Tractor & Trailer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

191

Supertruck- Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Tractor & Trailer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

192

SuperTruck ? Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Tractor & Trailer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

193

SuperTruck ? Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Tractor & Trailer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

194

SuperTruck ? Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Tractor & Trailer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

195

Supertruck- Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Tractor & Trailer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

196

Combustion, Efficiency, and Fuel Effects in a Spark-Assisted HCCI Gasoline Engine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Fuel, Engines, and Emissions Research Center

197

Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Highway Vehicle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

198

Substrate Degradation Kinetics, Microbial Diversity, and Current Efficiency of Microbial Fuel Cells Supplied with Marine Plankton  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experiments, the rate of TOC consumption increased. This carbon...established on the active fuel cell anodes, respiration...using an upflow microbial fuel cell. Environ. Sci...carbon production and consumption in anoxic marine sediments...three types of microbial fuel cell. Enzymol. Microbiol...

Clare E. Reimers; Hilmar A. Stecher III; John C. Westall; Yvan Alleau; Kate A. Howell; Leslie Soule; Helen K. White; Peter R. Girguis

2007-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

199

Effect of a homogeneous combustion catalyst on the combustion characteristics and fuel efficiency in a diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of a ferrous picrate based homogeneous combustion catalyst on the combustion characteristics and fuel efficiency was studied using a fully instrumented diesel engine. A naturally aspirated four stroke, single cylinder, air cooled, direct injection diesel engine was tested at engine speeds of 2800 rpm, 3200 rpm and 3600 rpm under variable load conditions, with different dosing ratio of the catalyst in a commercial diesel fuel. The results indicated that the brake specific fuel consumption decreased and the brake thermal efficiency increased with the addition of the catalyst. At the catalyst dosing ratio of 1:10,000, the brake specific fuel consumption was reduced by 3.3–4.2% at light engine load of 0.12 MPa and 2.0–2.4% at heavy engine load of 0.4 MPa due to the application of the catalyst. From the in-cylinder pressure and heat release rate analysis, it was found that the catalyst reduced ignition delay and combustion duration of fuel in the engine, resulting in slightly higher peak cylinder pressure and faster heat release rate.

Mingming Zhu; Yu Ma; Dongke Zhang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Modifying woody plants for efficient conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels  

SciTech Connect

The Short Rotation Woody Crop Program (SRWCP), Department of Energy, is developing woody plant species as sources of renewable energy. Much progress has been made in identifying useful species, and testing site adaptability, stand densities, coppicing abilities, rotation lengths, and harvesting systems. Conventional plant breeding and intensive cultural practices have been used to increase above-ground biomass yields. Given these and foreseeable accomplishments, program leaders are now shifting attention to prospects for altering biomass physical and chemical characteristics, and to ways for improving the efficiency with which biomass can be converted to gaseous and liquid fuels. This report provides a review and synthesis of literature concerning the quantity and quality of such characteristics and constituents, and opportunities for manipulating them via conventional selection and breeding and/or molecular biology. Species now used by SRWCP are emphasized, with supporting information drawn from others as needed. Little information was found on silver maple (Acer saccharinum), but general comparisons (Isenberg 1981) suggest composition and behavior similar to those of the other species. Where possible, conclusions concerning means for and feasibility of manipulation are given, along with expected impacts on conversion efficiency. Information is also provided on relationships to other traits, genotype X environment interactions, and potential trade-offs or limitations. Biomass productivity per se is not addressed, except in terms of effects that may by caused by changes in constituent quality and/or quantity. Such effects are noted to the extent they are known or can be estimated. Likely impacts of changes, however effected, on suitability or other uses, e.g., pulp and paper manufacture, are notes. 311 refs., 4 figs., 9 tabs.

Dinus, R.J.; Dimmel, D.R.; Feirer, R.P.; Johnson, M.A.; Malcolm, E.W. (Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Atlanta, GA (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Goals > Fuels Goals > Fuels XMAT for nuclear fuels XMAT is ideally suited to explore all of the radiation processes experienced by nuclear fuels.The high energy, heavy ion accleration capability (e.g., 250 MeV U) can produce bulk damage deep in the sample, achieving neutron type depths (~10 microns), beyond the range of surface sputtering effects. The APS X-rays are well matched to the ion beams, and are able to probe individual grains at similar penetrations depths. Damage rates to 25 displacements per atom per hour (DPA/hr), and doses >2500 DPA can be achieved. MORE» Fuels in LWRs are subjected to ~1 DPA per day High burn-up fuel can experience >2000 DPA. Traditional reactor tests by neutron irradiation require 3 years in a reactor and 1 year cool down. Conventional accelerators (>1 MeV/ion) are limited to <200-400 DPAs, and

202

Clean Cities Guide to Alternative Fuel Commercial Lawn Equipment (Brochure), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Guide to Guide to Alternative Fuel Commercial Lawn Equipment Contents Introduction........................... 4 Compressed Natural Gas ........................ 6 Biodiesel ................................. 6 Electricity ............................... 7 Propane .................................. 8 Incentives ............................... 14 Special Considerations ...... 14 Resources............................... 15 A single commercial lawnmower can annually use as much gaso- line or diesel fuel as a commercial work truck. Powering commercial lawn service equipment with alternative fuels is an effective way to reduce petroleum use. Alternative fuels can also reduce pollutant emissions compared with conventional fuels. Nu- merous biodiesel, compressed natural gas, electric, and propane

203

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

average is the production-weighted harmonic mean. 2014 data are preliminary. Fact 849 Dataset Supporting Information Average Fuel Economy of New Midsize Cars - Hybrid vs....

204

2009 Fuel Cell Market Report, November 2010, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2009 FUEL CELL 2009 FUEL CELL MARKET REPORT NOVEMBER 2010 Authors This report was written primarily by Bill Vincent of the Breakthrough Technologies Institute in Washington, DC, with significant assistance from Jennifer Gangi, Sandra Curtin, and Elizabeth Delmont. Acknowledgement This report was the result of hard work and valuable contributions from government staff and the fuel cell industry. The authors especially wish to thank Sunita Satyapal, Nancy Garland and the staff of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program for their support and guidance in the preparation of this report. The authors also wish to thank Robert Rose and Robert Wichert of the U.S. Fuel Cell Council, Lisa Callaghan-Jerram of Fuel Cell Today Consulting, Rachel Gelman of the National

205

DOEs Effort to Improve Heavy Vehicle Fuel Efficiency through...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

* Freight Wing Inc. and ATDynamics * Frito-Lay, Spirit, and Safeway * Michelin * Praxair Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL-PRES-653197 3 15% reduction in fuel use ...

206

Survey Results and Analysis of the Cost and Efficiency of Various Operating Hydrogen Fueling Stations  

SciTech Connect

Existing Hydrogen Fueling Stations were surveyed to determine capital and operational costs. Recommendations for cost reduction in future stations and for research were developed.

Cornish, John

2011-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

207

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maps and Data  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuels & Infrastructure Fuels & Infrastructure All Categories Vehicles AFVs and HEVs Fuel Consumption and Efficiency Vehicle Market Driving Patterns Fuels & Infrastructure Fuel Trends Emissions Alternative Fueling Stations Idle Reduction Transportation Infrastructure Biofuels Production Laws & Incentives Regulated Fleets Federal Fleets State & Alt Fuel Providers Clean Cities Vehicles Petroleum Use Reduction Program OR Go Sort by: Category Most Recent Most Popular 49 results Fuel Trends - Generated_thumb20131212-30432-1q2ycmx Average Retail Fuel Prices in the U.S. Generated_thumb20131212-30432-1q2ycmx Trend of alternative and traditional motor fuel prices from 2000-2013 Last update December 2013 View Graph Graph Download Data Generated_thumb20130810-31804-eaiva6 Consumption of Natural Gas in the U.S.

208

Electrostatic Precipitator Collection Efficiency and Trace Element Emissions from Co-Combustion of Biomass and Recovered Fuel in Fluidized-Bed Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrostatic Precipitator Collection Efficiency and Trace Element Emissions from Co-Combustion of Biomass and Recovered Fuel in Fluidized-Bed Combustion ... In this investigation, electrostatic precipitator fractional collection efficiency and trace metal emissions were determined experimentally at a 66 MW biomass-fueled bubbling fluidized-bed combustion plant. ... The solid fuel combustion-generated particle emissions typically consist of two types of particles:? fine particles approximately 0.1?1 ?m in diameter that are formed from the ash-forming species that are volatilized during combustion and residual ash particles larger than 1 ?m in diameter that are formed from mineral impurities in the fuels (4). ...

Terttaliisa Lind; Jouni Hokkinen; Jorma K. Jokiniemi; Sanna Saarikoski; Risto Hillamo

2003-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

209

Efficiency and emissions of a spark ignition engine fueled with synthetic gases obtained from catalytic decomposition of biogas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of the tests developed in a naturally aspirated spark ignition engine, intended for installation in vehicles, fueled with synthetic gases obtained from catalytic decomposition of biogas. The experimental tests were carried out at three equivalence ratios and different speeds and loads. Two synthetic blends were used and the results were compared with those of gasoline and methane. Efficiency and emissions were calculated for the different fuels under the same operation conditions and it was found that at lean equivalence ratios, brake thermal efficiency with synthetic gases approached to the traditional fuels and even improved it at ? = 0.7. BSCO2 emissions increased due to the CO2 content of the gaseous blends. While CO increased at stoichiometric conditions, it decreased at lean conditions because the H2 contained in synthetic gases improved combustion at these conditions. BSHC measured were very low with synthetic gases because of the low content of methane in blends. The change in the fraction of H2 and CO2 of the synthetic blends led to quite different results in BSNOx. Syngas 1 \\{BSNOx\\} emissions were the lowest of all fuels, while syngas 2 \\{BSNOx\\} were the highest because of its high H2 fraction.

J. Arroyo; F. Moreno; M. Muñoz; C. Monné

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Potential Impact of Interfacial Bonding Efficiency on High-Burnup Spent Nuclear Fuel Vibration Integrity during Normal Transportation  

SciTech Connect

Finite element analysis (FEA) was used to investigate the impacts of interfacial bonding efficiency at pellet pellet and pellet clad interfaces on spent nuclear fuel (SNF) vibration integrity. The FEA simulation results were also validated and benchmarked with reverse bending fatigue test results on surrogate rods consisting of stainless steel (SS) tubes with alumina-pellet inserts. Bending moments (M) are applied to the FEA models to evaluate the system responses of the surrogate rods. From the induced curvature, , the flexural rigidity EI can be estimated as EI=M/ . The impacts of interfacial bonding efficiency on SNF vibration integrity include the moment carrying capacity distribution between pellets and clad and the impact of cohesion on the flexural rigidity of the surrogate rod system. The result also indicates that the immediate consequences of interfacial de-bonding are a load carrying capacity shift from the fuel pellets to the clad and a reduction of the composite rod flexural rigidity. Therefore, the flexural rigidity of the surrogate rod and the bending moment bearing capacity between the clad and fuel pellets are strongly dependent on the efficiency of interfacial bonding at the pellet pellet and pellet clad interfaces. The above-noted phenomenon was calibrated and validated by reverse bending fatigue testing using a surrogate rod system.

Jiang, Hao [ORNL] [ORNL; Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL] [ORNL; Wang, Hong [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

DOE Average Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE DOE Average Results FY 12 DOE Target FY 12 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness 92 88 -Quality 94 92 Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. 90 92 Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 90 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Competition: -% of total $'s obligated on competitive acquisitions >$3000 (Agency Level Only) 94 85 -% of acquisition actions competed for actions > $3000 (Agency Level Only) 65 68 Performance Based Acquisition: - % PBA actions relative to total eligible new acquisition actions (applicable to new actions > $25K) 82

212

Beryllium Impregnation of Uranium Fuel: Thermal Modeling of Cylindrical Objects for Efficiency Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the graphs created need to be compared as shown below in figure 3.2. The goal of the new additive is to have a better heat conductivity throughout the fuel pellet in a reactor core leading to more power output from the fuel and better burnup. To see... conductivity. This leads to the temperature of the fuel to increase in order to produce the same power output as a higher thermal conductivity material. The Beryllium Oxide(BeO) that is to be used in this experiment is such a material that can raise...

Lynn, Nicholas

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

213

2010 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report, June 2011, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT JUNE 2011 i Authors This report was a collaborative effort by staff of the Breakthrough Technologies Institute, Inc., in Washington, DC. Acknowledgement The authors relied upon the hard work and valuable contributions of many men and women in government and in the fuel cell industry. The authors especially wish to thank Sunita Satyapal, Nancy Garland and the staff of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program for their support and guidance in the preparation of this report. The authors also wish to thank Lisa Callaghan- Jerram of Pike Research and Rachel Gelman of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and the many others who made this report possible. ii Contents List of Figures ............................................................................................................................................... iv

214

Fuel Cell Engineering: Toward the Design of Efficient Electrochemical Power Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

However, because of the fact that, similar to that observed with hydrogen, all these substances are not readily available as pure species in today’s fuel distribution networks, many research activities were started for converting conventional fuels (natural gas, gasoline, diesel, kerosene, coal) into hydrogen-rich gas mixtures for the operation of fuel cells. ... As illustrated in Figure 5, apart from the more exotic field of implantable devices, fuel cells can be used as electrical energy sources for portable systems in consumer electronics and military applications (with power outputs of 1?50 Wel), as auxiliary power units, e.g., for onboard electricity generation in cars, trucks, or aircrafts (with power outputs of 1?10 kWel), for traction of vehicles, buses, and submarines (with power outputs of cell units with a multi-stacked structure successfully operate a radio-controlled car (16.5 g), which demonstrates the potential of biofuel cells in practical applications. ...

Kai Sundmacher

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

215

Improving operational efficiency of fuel oil facilities used at gas-and-oil-fired power stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results obtained from experimental investigations of energy consumption are described, and ways for considerably reducing it are proposed taking as an example the fuel oil facility at the 2400-MW Lukoml District ...

A. K. Vnukov; F. A. Rozanova; A. A. Bazylenko; V. L. Zhurbilo…

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

More efficiency in fuel consumption using gearbox optimization based on Taguchi method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automotive emission is becoming a critical threat to today’s human health. Many researchers are studying engine designs leading to less fuel consumption. Gearbox selection plays a key role in an engine design. In...

Masoud Goharimanesh; Aliakbar Akbari…

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

A New Hybrid Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cells-Battery Power System with Efficiencies Considered  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hybrid systems, based on lead-acid or lithium-ion batteries and proton-exchange-membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), give the possibility of ... results show that the combination of lead-acid batteries or lithium-ion batteries

Chung-Hsing Chao; Jenn-Jong Shieh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Potential of Thermoelectrics forOccupant Comfort and Fuel Efficiency Gains in Vehicle Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs.

219

A MultiAir / MultiFuel Approach to Enhancing Engine System Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Overview 2 Budget * Total: 29,992,676 - Partner Cost Share: 15,534,104 - DOE Cost Share: 14,458,572 Barriers * Downsized engines offer higher fuel economy, but the...

220

2013 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winner 22nd Operations Group Fuel Efficiency Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E ciency O ce E ciency O ce U.S. Air Force McConnell Air Force Base, Kansas During FY 2012, the 22nd Operations Group Fuel E ciency O ce (FEO) designed and implemented multiple measures, including a focus on institutional culture change, to reduce ine ciency in fuel management of the KC-135 aircraft and save the Air Force $4.3 million during a 42 percent rise in local sorties (the deployment of aircraft for missions of national defense or aircrew proficiency). These e orts included reducing KC-135 landing fuel by 5000 lb per sortie to save 1.94 million gallons per year; changing the KC-135 standard landing configuration to save 50 lb of fuel per approach; and implementing a new training configuration to reduce aircraft basic weight by 1,600 lb. The FEO also incorporated Mission Index Flying

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Series: Average Residential Price Residential Price - Local Distribution Companies Residential Price - Marketers Residential % Sold by Local Distribution Companies Average...

222

Fuel pin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel pin for a liquid metal nuclear reactor is provided. The fuel pin includes a generally cylindrical cladding member with metallic fuel material disposed therein. At least a portion of the fuel material extends radially outwardly to the inner diameter of the cladding member to promote efficient transfer of heat to the reactor coolant system. The fuel material defines at least one void space therein to facilitate swelling of the fuel material during fission.

Christiansen, D.W.; Karnesky, R.A.; Leggett, R.D.; Baker, R.B.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

223

Strategic Industrial Energy Efficiency: Reduce Expenses, Build Revenues, and Control Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the bother and expense of purchasing fuel in spot markets, which may happen when plants put on extra, unscheduled shifts to compensate for downtime. The net impact of energy efficiency is a reduction in the average price of fuel consumed. Securing fuel... for additional market share. 3. Attain a price premium Plant emissions decline with fuel consumption. A clean process can boast ?green? products. Energy efficiency is usually the quickest and most cost-effective way to contribute to ?green...

Russell, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Analysis of design variables for an efficient natural gas steam reforming process comprised in a small scale hydrogen fueling station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural gas steam reforming process comprised in a small scale H2-fueling station for on-site hydrogen production was simulated and analyzed. The effects of process variables on the process efficiency of hydrogen production were investigated, and their optimum set point values were suggested to minimize the sizes of the process sub-units and to secure a stable operability of the reforming process. Steam to carbon (S/C) ratio of the reforming reactants was found to be a crucial parameter mostly governing both the hydrogen production efficiency and the stable operability of the process. In this study, a process run was assumed stable if feed water (WR) as a reforming reactant could have been completely evaporated into dry steam through a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The optimum S/C ratio was 3.0 where the process efficiency of hydrogen production was maximized and the stable operability of the process was secured. The optimum feed rates of natural gas (NGR) and WR as reforming reactants and of natural gas (NGB) as a burner fuel were also determined for a target rate of hydrogen production, 27 Nm3/h. Set point temperatures of the combustion flue gas (CFG) and the reformed gas (RFG) from the reformer had no effects on the hydrogen production efficiency, however, they were important parameters affecting the stable operability of the process. The effect of the set point temperatures of the RFG from cooler and the CFG from HRSG on the hydrogen production efficiency was not much significant as compared to the S/C ratio, but needed to be adjusted because of their considerable effects on the stable operability of the process and the required heat transfer areas in cooler and HRSG.

Deuk Ki Lee; Kee Young Koo; Dong Joo Seo; Wang Lai Yoon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Endurance testing of a high-efficiency steam reformer for fuel cell power plants: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This final report documents the results from demonstration and endurance tests, conducted in 1987 and 1988, of the Haldor Topsoe Heat Exchange Reformer. The primary objectives of this EPRI project were to develop, test and verify fuel processing components suitable for use in a Westinghouse Electric Corporation 7.5-MW phosphoric acid fuel cell power plant. EPRI's project is part of a larger national program sponsored by the Department of Energy to develop the technology and systems which are technically and economically viable for electric utility power generation applications. 26 figs., 11 tabs.

Udengaard, N.R.; Christiansen, L.J.; Summers, W.A.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency Besides their energy security and environmental benefits,...

227

Evaluation and selection of an efficient fuel/air initiation strategy for pulse detonation engines .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Rapid and efficient initiation of hydrocarbon/air mixtures has been identified as one of the critical and enabling technologies for Pulse Detonation Engines (PDEs). Although the… (more)

Channell, Brent T.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

HD Truck and Engine Fuel Efficiency Opportunities and Challenges Post EPA2010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The key to successful commercialization of clean and efficient ICEs is technology integration to meet customer expectations at cost, quality, timing, and reliability

229

Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Highway...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

- Technology Roadmap SuperTruck New Engine Advanced Trans. Smart Air Compr. Waste Heat Recovery Improved Accessories Hotel Mode ESS Efficient HVAC Advanced EATS Complete...

230

Impact of Liquefied Natural Gas usage and payload size on Hybrid Wing Body aircraft fuel efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work assessed Hybrid Wing Body (HWB) aircraft in the context of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) fuel usage and payload/range scalability at three scales: H1 (B737), H2 (B787) and H3 (B777). The aircraft were optimized for ...

Mody, Pritesh (Pritesh Chetan)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

GreenGPS: A Participatory Sensing Fuel-Efficient Maps Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-points. The service exploits measurements of vehicular fuel con- sumption sensors, available via the OBD-II interface-Board Diagnostic (OBD-II) interface, standardized in all vehicles that have been sold in the United States after of measured parameters can be obtained from standard spec- ifications as well as manufacturers of OBD

Shihada, Basem

232

The effects of fuel type and stove design on emissions and efficiency of natural-draft semi-gasifier biomass cookstoves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To assess the effects of stove design and fuel type on efficiency and emissions, five configurations of natural-draft, top-lit up-draft (TLUD) semi-gasifier cookstoves were tested with two biomass fuels.  An energy balance model was developed using measured temperature data to identify the major sources of efficiency loss.  Emissions and efficiency varied substantially with stove design and fuel type, and transient increases in CO emission correlated with refueling.  The highest measured thermal efficiency was 42%.  The lowest CO and PM emissions were 0.6 g MJd? 1 and 48 g MJd? 1. These results fall within Tier 3 for high-power efficiency and emissions and suggest that development of a Tier 4 natural-draft semi-gasifier cookstove is possible. The energy balance illustrates that up to 60% of the energy input as fuel can remain as char once the fuel has gasified. This result suggests that both thermal and overall efficiencies should be calculated when evaluating TLUD cookstoves.

Jessica Tryner; Bryan D. Willson; Anthony J. Marchese

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

IMPROVING THE NATION'S ENERGY SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS BE MADE MORE FUEL EFFICIENT - Testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Science Committee, February 9, 2005  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IMPROVING THE NATION'S ENERGY SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS IMPROVING THE NATION'S ENERGY SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS BE MADE MORE FUEL EFFICIENT? 2:00 pm, Wednesday, February 9, 2005 Rayburn House Office Building, Room 2318 by Dr. David L. Greene Corporate Fellow Engineering Science and Technology Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory 1. WHAT ARE THE POLICY OPTIONS FOR ENCOURAGING THE ADOPTION OF FUEL EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES AND THEIR ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES? There are many ways to structure policies to achieve significant increases in fuel economy effectively and efficiently. I will focus on five below. It is possible to create policies that are reasonably effective, efficient, and fair. Our own experience with our CAFE standards and difficulties we have had updating the CAFE law indicates that we should also prefer policies that

234

Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Fuel Characteristics on High Efficiency Clean Combustion (HECC) in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study was performed to understand fuel property effects on low temperature combustion (LTC) processes in a light-duty diesel engine. These types of combustion modes are often collectively referred to as high efficiency clean combustion (HECC). A statistically designed set of research fuels, the Fuels for Advanced Combustion Engines (FACE), were used for this study. Engine conditions consistent with low speed cruise (1500 rpm, 2.6 bar BMEP) were chosen for investigating fuel property effects on HECC operation in a GM 1.9-L common rail diesel engine. The FACE fuel matrix includes nine combinations of fuel properties including cetane number (30 to 55), aromatic contents (20 to 45 %), and 90 % distillation temperature (270 to 340 C). HECC operation was achieved with high levels of EGR and adjusting injection parameters, e.g. higher fuel rail pressure and single injection event, which is also known as Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) combustion. Engine performance, pollutant emissions, and details of the combustion process are discussed in this paper. Cetane number was found to significantly affect the combustion process with variations in the start of injection (SOI) timing, which revealed that the ranges of SOI timing for HECC operation and the PM emission levels were distinctively different between high cetane number (55) and low cetane number fuels (30). Low cetane number fuels showed comparable levels of regulated gas emissions with high cetane number fuels and had an advantage in PM emissions.

Cho, Kukwon [ORNL; Han, Manbae [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL; Sluder, Scott [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Increasing Efficiency of Fuel Ethanol Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass by Process Integration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(8-10) To our knowledge, the thermal integration of ethanol fermentation and thermochemical conversion of its residues has only been investigated for ethanol production from sugar cane and power cogeneration from the by-produced bagasse with an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) instead of a conventional single cycle. ... Considering the energetic value of the byproducts in Table 2 and the important heat requirement for distillation and rectification of the raw product to fuel quality of Figure 2(c), this section compares different alternatives for integrating the fuel production and the energy and exergy recovery processes. ... biofuels as well as to indicate the emerging challenges and opportunities of the application of process integration on such processes towards innovative and sustainable solns. ...

Martin Gassner; François Maréchal

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

236

DOE/BES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

237

Turbocharged engine operations using knock resistant fuel blends for engine efficiency improvements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engine downsizing with a turbocharger has become popular these days in automotive industries. Downsizing the engine lets the engine operate in a more efficient region, and the engine boosting compensates for the power loss ...

Jo, Young Suk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System- Presentation by FuelCell Energy, June 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System, given by Pinakin Patel at the U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting in Washington, D.C. on June 1-2, 2011.

239

Injection Timing Effects on Brake Fuel Conversion Efficiency and Engine System's Respones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

timing effects on the combustion processes, engine efficiency, and the engine system's responses. The engine in the study is a medium duty diesel engine (capable of meeting US EPA Tier III off road emission standards) equipped with common rail direct...

McLean, James Elliott

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

240

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuels Tax Fuels Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuels Tax Alternative fuels are subject to an excise tax at a rate of $0.205 per gasoline gallon equivalent, with a variable component equal to at least 5% of the average wholesale price of the fuel. (Reference Senate Bill 454,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Prospects for and problems of using light-water supercritical-pressure coolant in nuclear reactors in order to increase the efficiency of the nuclear fuel cycle  

SciTech Connect

Trends in the development of the power sector of the Russian and world power industries both at present time and in the near future are analyzed. Trends in the rise of prices for reserves of fossil and nuclear fuels used for electricity production are compared. An analysis of the competitiveness of electricity production at nuclear power plants as compared to the competitiveness of electricity produced at coal-fired and natural-gas-fired thermal power plants is performed. The efficiency of the open nuclear fuel cycle and various versions of the closed nuclear fuel cycle is discussed. The requirements on light-water reactors under the scenario of dynamic development of the nuclear power industry in Russia are determined. Results of analyzing the efficiency of fuel utilization for various versions of vessel-type light-water reactors with supercritical coolant are given. Advantages and problems of reactors with supercritical-pressure water are listed.

Alekseev, P. N.; Semchenkov, Yu. M.; Sedov, A. A., E-mail: sedov@dhtp.kial.ru; Subbotin, S. A.; Chibinyaev, A. V. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

Efficient Oxygen Evolution Reaction Catalysts for Cell Reversal and Start/Stop Tolerance in Fuel Cells  

SciTech Connect

Minute amounts of ruthenium and iridium on platinum nanostructured thin films have been evaluated in an effort to reduce carbon corrosion and Pt dissolution during transient conditions in proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Electrochemical tests showed the catalysts had a remarkable oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activity, even greater than that of bulk, metallic thin films. Stability tests within a fuel cell environment showed that rapid Ru dissolution could be managed with the addition of Ir. Membrane electrode assemblies containing a Ru to Ir atomic ratio of 1:9 were evaluated under startup/shutdown and cell reversal conditions for OER catalyst loadings ranging from 1 to 10 g/cm2. These tests affirmed that electrode potentials can be controlled through the addition of OER catalysts without impacting the oxygen reduction reaction on the cathode or the hydrogen oxidation reaction on the anode. The morphology and chemical structure of the thin OER layers were characterized by scanning transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy in an effort to establish a correlation between interfacial properties and electrochemical behavior.

Atanasoski, Radoslav [3M Industrial Mineral Products; Atanasoska, Liliana [3M Industrial Mineral Products; Cullen, David A [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Fuel Cell Seminar & Energy Exposition Columbus, Ohio Dr. Sunita Satyapal Director Fuel Cell Technologies Office Energy Efficiency and Renewable...

244

DOE Announces Webinars on Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Technology, Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program, and More  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

EERE offers webinars to the public on a range of subjects, from adopting the latest energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies, to training for the clean energy workforce. Webinars are free; however, advanced registration is typically required. You can also watch archived webinars and browse previously aired videos, slides, and transcripts.

245

Average Commercial Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 1231 Reserves...

246

Efficiency Improvement Opportunities for Light-Duty Natural-Gas-Fueled Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to evaluate and make recommendations concerning technologies that promise to improve the efilciency of compressed natural gas (CNG) light-duty vehicles. Technical targets for CNG automotive technology given in the March 1998 OffIce of Advanced Automotive Technologies research and development plan were used as guidance for this effort. The technical target that necessitates this current study is to validate technologies that enable CNG light vehicles to have at least 10% greater - fuel economy (on a miles per gallon equivalent basis) than equivalent gasoline vehicles by 2006. Other tar- gets important to natural gas (NG) automotive technology and this study are to: (1) increase CNG vehicle range to 380 miles, (2) reduce the incremental vehicle cost (CNG vs gasoline) to $1500, and (3) meet the California ultra low-emission vehicle (ULEV) and Federal Tier 2 emission standards expected to be in effect in 2004.

Staunton, R.H.; Thomas, J.F.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Fuzzy Logic-based energy efficiency Life Cycle Assessment with a case study of corn-based fuel ethanol in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fuzzy logic based method of energy efficiency assessment of Biomass-based Fuel Ethanol (BFE) production is introduced in this paper. Energy relevant inventory variables are defined and described by fuzzy sets representing the differences in energy inventory data between the BFE system and its reference. A fuzzy reasoning process is developed to derive the energy efficiency from the fuzzificated inventory data. This method distinguishes itself by simple calculation, lower requirements of data accuracy and capability of processing subjectivity. A case study of corn-based fuel ethanol from Northeast China is conducted to demonstrate the application of the proposed method.

Suiran Yu; Jing Tao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Unimodular Gravity and Averaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The question of the averaging of inhomogeneous spacetimes in cosmology is important for the correct interpretation of cosmological data. In this paper we suggest a conceptually simpler approach to averaging in cosmology based on the averaging of scalars within unimodular gravity. As an illustration, we consider the example of an exact spherically symmetric dust model, and show that within this approach averaging introduces correlations (corrections) to the effective dynamical evolution equation in the form of a spatial curvature term.

A. Coley; J. Brannlund; J. Latta

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

249

HFAG Charm Mixing Averages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently the first evidence for charm mixing has been reported by several experiments. To provide averages of these mixing results and other charm results, a new subgroup of the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group has been formed. We here report on the method and results of averaging the charm mixing results.

B. Aa. Petersen

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

250

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

251

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

252

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

253

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

254

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

255

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

256

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

257

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

258

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

259

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

260

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maps and Data  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Trends Trends All Categories Vehicles AFVs and HEVs Fuel Consumption and Efficiency Vehicle Market Driving Patterns Fuels & Infrastructure Fuel Trends Emissions Alternative Fueling Stations Idle Reduction Transportation Infrastructure Biofuels Production Laws & Incentives Regulated Fleets Federal Fleets State & Alt Fuel Providers Clean Cities Vehicles Petroleum Use Reduction Program OR Go Sort by: Category Most Recent Most Popular 9 results Generated_thumb20131212-30432-1q2ycmx Average Retail Fuel Prices in the U.S. Generated_thumb20131212-30432-1q2ycmx Trend of alternative and traditional motor fuel prices from 2000-2013 Last update December 2013 View Graph Graph Download Data Generated_thumb20130810-31804-eaiva6 Consumption of Natural Gas in the U.S. Generated_thumb20130810-31804-eaiva6

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

High Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Fuels Using Solar Thermochemical Splitting of Water  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work is to identify economically feasible concepts for the production of hydrogen from water using solar energy. The ultimate project objective was to select one or more competitive concepts for pilot-scale demonstration using concentrated solar energy. Results of pilot scale plant performance would be used as foundation for seeking public and private resources for full-scale plant development and testing. Economical success in this venture would afford the public with a renewable and limitless source of energy carrier for use in electric power load-leveling and as a carbon-free transportation fuel. The Solar Hydrogen Generation Research (SHGR) project embraces technologies relevant to hydrogen research under the Office of Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technology (HFCIT) as well as concentrated solar power under the Office of Solar Energy Technologies (SET). Although the photoelectrochemical work is aligned with HFCIT, some of the technologies in this effort are also consistent with the skills and technologies found in concentrated solar power and photovoltaic technology under the Office of Solar Energy Technologies (SET). Hydrogen production by thermo-chemical water-splitting is a chemical process that accomplishes the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen using only heat or a combination of heat and electrolysis instead of pure electrolysis and meets the goals for hydrogen production using only water and renewable solar energy as feed-stocks. Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production also meets these goals by implementing photo-electrolysis at the surface of a semiconductor in contact with an electrolyte with bias provided by a photovoltaic source. Here, water splitting is a photo-electrolytic process in which hydrogen is produced using only solar photons and water as feed-stocks. The thermochemical hydrogen task engendered formal collaborations among two universities, three national laboratories and two private sector entities. The photoelectrochemical hydrogen task included formal collaborations with three universities and one national laboratory. The formal participants in these two tasks are listed above. Informal collaborations in both projects included one additional university (the University of Nevada, Reno) and two additional national laboratories (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory).

Heske, Clemens; Moujaes, Samir; Weimer, Alan; Wong, Bunsen; Siegal, Nathan; McFarland, Eric; Miller, Eric; Lewis, Michele; Bingham, Carl; Roth, Kurth; Sabacky, Bruce; Steinfeld, Aldo

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

262

Glass and glass-derivative seals for use in energy-efficient fuel cells and lamps  

SciTech Connect

For solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), a series of 18 sealing glasses have been prepared and characterized. From the whole design space, several glasses were ''downselected'' and studied in detail to describe their behaviors in simulated fuel cell environments. One of the glasses was found to outperform all others, including the well-known G18 sealant developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The new glass composition showed lower bulk electrical conductivity, excellent sealing and wetting behavior when sealing under applied load, and qualitatively superior performance when exposed to wet hydrogen for 800 hours. Traditional melting was used to prepare all of the glasses that were studied in detail. The sol-gel approach was used to synthesize several compositions, but it was found that the glasses crystallized very rapidly during heating, precluding sealing. The glass characterization included measurements of the viscosity and thermal expansion of the glasses, as well as the thermal expansion of the partly crystalline glass ceramics. In addition, the wetting and sintering behavior of all glasses has been measured, as well as the crystallization behavior. The time and temperature at which crystalline phases form from the glasses has been determined for all of the glasses. Each glass ceramic contains at least two crystalline phases, and most of the crystalline phases have been positively identified. The body of fundamental data provides a platform for future developments for high temperature sealants, and the newly-developed glass compositions appear promising for large-scale testing. The second component of the work, focused on seals for higher-temperature discharge lighting, has focused on determining the phase relations in the yttria-alumina-silica system at various silica levels. Functional testing of one of the candidate sealants demonstrated that it performs well in current HID lighting applications. Further testing is required to evaluate its performance in next-generation lamps that operate at higher temperatures, but the baseline phase equilibria and crystallization behavior has been established for additional development. Again, traditional melting and sol-gel synthesis have been employed, and the sol-gel method was successful for preparing new phases that were discovered during the work. Four new phases have been identified and synthesized in pure form, from which full structure solutions were obtained as well as the anisotropic thermal expansion for each phase.

Scott Misture; Arun Varshineya; Matthew Hall; Sylvia DeCarr; Steve Bancheri

2005-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

263

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

264

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

265

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

266

EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 1b. Fuel Consumption for Selected Industries,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 1b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Site Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,044 1,116 1,186 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 108 104 109 313 Textile Mills 254 205 178 314 Textile Product Mills 49 60 72 315 Apparel 48 30 14 316 Leather and Allied Products 8 7 3 321 Wood Products 504 375 445 322 Paper 2,744 2,361 2,354 323 Printing and Related Support 98 98 85 324 Petroleum and Coal Products 3,622 3,202 3,396 325 Chemicals 3,704 3,769 3,195 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 327 348 336 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 969 1,052 1,105 331 Primary Metals 2,576 2,123 1,744 332 Fabricated Metal Products 441 387 397

267

EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 2b. Primary Fuel Consumption for Selected  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 2b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Primary 1 Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,468 1,572 1,665 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 156 156 166 313 Textile Mills 457 375 304 314 Textile Product Mills 85 94 110 315 Apparel 84 54 27 316 Leather and Allied Products 14 11 5 321 Wood Products 647 518 619 322 Paper 3,221 2,803 2,833 323 Printing and Related Support 199 197 171 324 Petroleum and Coal Products 3,873 3,454 3,657 325 Chemicals 4,851 4,803 4,181 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 691 707 683 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 1,235 1,331 1,385 331 Primary Metals 3,660 3,100 2,617 332 Fabricated Metal Products 791 706 670 333 Machinery 404 341 416 334 Computer and Electronic Products

268

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

fuel, fuel-efficient, or low emission vehicles, unless such a purchase compromises health, safety, or law enforcement needs. Additionally, the state must develop procedures for...

269

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Regulations User Type Jurisdiction Biodiesel Ethanol Natural Gas Propane (LPG) Hydrogen Fuel Cells EVs HEVs or PHEVs NEVs Aftermarket Conversions Fuel Economy or Efficiency Idle...

270

Fuel Cell Technologies Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cells Key Benefits Very High Efficiency Reduced CO 2 Emissions Reduced Oil Use Reduced Air Pollution Fuel Flexibility * 40 - 60% (electrical) * > 70% (electrical, hybrid fuel...

271

West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................ 102.88 93.42 92.24 87.96 94.34 94.10 105.84 96.30 95.67 95.33 95.67 93.33 94.12 97.64 95.00 Brent Spot Average ........................................................... 118.49 108.42 109.61 110.09 112.49 102.58 110.27 108.29 106.33 105.00 103.00 102.00 111.65 108.41 104.08 Imported Average .............................................................. 108.14 101.18 97.18 97.64 98.71 97.39 103.07 100.03 99.64 99.33 99.69 97.35 101.09 99.85 99.04 Refiner Average Acquisition Cost ...................................... 107.61 101.44 97.38 97.27 101.14 99.45 105.24 100.44 100.15 99.82 100.18 97.83 100.83 101.61 99.50 Liquid Fuels (cents per gallon) Refiner Prices for Resale Gasoline .........................................................................

272

The fuel conservation potential of Texas vanpools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to each of the 325 vanpool drivers in the State. Responses from 211 drivers provided information for: average van roundtrip length, van fuel efficiency, and the vehicle occupancy ratios for the van and pre-vanpool automobile. In order to determine... the pre-vanpool auto roundtrip length, auto fuel ef- ficiency and the use of the vehicles formerly used for commuting, a more detailed questionnaire was se. . t to selected vanpool riders. Two programs, ARAMCO Services in Houston, and Texas Instruments...

Williamson, Dennis Vernon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

273

Efficient chemical regeneration of LiBH4NH3 spent fuel for hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The absence of an efficient method for the regeneration of ammine metal borohydrides (M(BH4)nxNH3, AMBs) from their dehydrogenated products has hindered their potential application as hydrogen storage materials. In this paper, we demonstrate a high-yield chemical regeneration of LiBH4NH3 based on a three step process (digestion (H+ addition), reduction (H? addition), and ammonia complexation) at ambient temperature. Our results demonstrated that Li–B–N polymer was digested by methanol to form LiB(OCH3)4, which can be converted into LiBH4 by using LiAlH4 in the reduction process. The generation of LiBH4NH3 in ammonia complexion step was achieved by exposing the obtained LiBH4 in an ammonia atmosphere.

Yingbin Tan; Xiaowei Chen; Guanglin Xia; Xuebin Yu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

driving-behavior Go driving-behavior Go Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1c5lrlb Commuter Responses to the 2008 Oil Price Spike Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1c5lrlb Ways that workers changed their commutes in response to high gasoline prices Last update May 2012 View Graph Graph Download Data Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1jtc9qa Fuel Economy at Various Driving Speeds Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1jtc9qa Trend of fuel efficiency at different speeds, grouped by vehicle age Last update April 2013 View Graph Graph Download Data Generated_thumb20130810-31804-pe0nga Average Vehicle Trip Length by Purpose Generated_thumb20130810-31804-pe0nga Average trip length and distribution by trip type in U.S., 2009 Last update May 2012 View Graph Graph Download Data Commuter Responses to the 2008 Oil Price Spike

275

Consumption & Efficiency - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption & Efficiency Consumption & Efficiency Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Residential Energy Consumption Survey Data Commercial Energy Consumption Survey Data Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey Data Vehicle Energy Consumption Survey Data Energy Intensity Consumption Summaries Average cost of fossil-fuels for electricity generation All Consumption & Efficiency Data Reports Analysis & Projections All Sectors Commercial Buildings Efficiency Manufacturing Projections Residential Transportation All Reports Find statistics on energy consumption and efficiency across all fuel sources. + EXPAND ALL Residential Energy Consumption Survey Data Household characteristics Release Date: March 28, 2011 Survey data for occupied primary housing units. Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)

276

Economic evaluation of the efficiency of technologies for the manufacture of gas and briquetted fuel from coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The technical feasibility of the production of new types of fuel from coal, which most fully meet the requirements of ... influence of the new types of fuel from coals on the economic indices of the production of...

I. P. Krapchin; T. I. Kuz’mina

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Fuel Processing [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

28 June 1990 research-article Fuel Processing [and Discussion] R. H. Allardice R. S...efficiently, reliably and economically through the reactor and fuel cycle facilities. Thus the fuel cycle is an integral and essential part of the system...

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Development of decision support system to select the best fuel blend in IC engines to enhance the energy efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes an application of hybrid MCDM technique for the selection of optimum blend in fish oil biodiesel among the six alternative fuel blends diesel, B20, B40, B60, B80 and B100 which is prepared by varying the amount of diesel with biodiesel. Brake thermal efficiency (BTE), exhaust gas temperature (EGT), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), smoke, hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), ignition delay (ID), combustion duration (CD) and maximum rate of pressure rise (MRPR) are considered as evaluation criteria. A single cylinder, constant speed and direct injection diesel engine with a rated output of 4.4 kW was used for exploratory analysis of evaluation criteria at different load conditions. The proposed model, fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) is integrated with elimination et and choice translating reality (ELECTRE) to evaluate the optimum blend. Here the FAHP is used to determine the relative weights of the criteria, whereas ELECTRE is used for obtaining the final ranking of alternative blends.

G. Sakthivel; M. Ilangkumaran

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

280

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

282

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

283

average | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average average Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

284

Ten-percent solar-to-fuel conversion with nonprecious materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the past 7 y, the price of crystalline silicon...by 86%, and the price of PV modules has...In the meantime, average commercial c-Si...furnish a solar-to-fuels device with an efficiency...avoid the deleterious effect of concentrated base...2008 ) The hydrogen fuel alternative . MRS Bull...

Casandra R. Cox; Jungwoo Z. Lee; Daniel G. Nocera; Tonio Buonassisi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Highway Vehicle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Volvo Trucks at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about the development and...

286

Effects of SO2/SO2 on the efficiency with which MgO inhibits vanadic corrosion in residual fuel fired gas turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of MgO as a fuel additive to combat vanadic corrosion is widely accepted practice for boilers and turbines operating on residual or low grade fuels. MgO has the ability to form high melting stable vanadates but the presence of SO2/SO2 can react with the magnesium and reduce its effectiveness. This paper aims to quantify the effectiveness of MgO as an inhibitor in the presence of increasing amounts of SOx. A method of determining permissible levels of \\{SOx\\} to satisfy predetermined corrosion rates or additive efficiencies is described. Examples of the loss of additive efficiency with volume of \\{SOx\\} at temperatures of 750 and 850°C are given for both nickel and cobalt base alloys.

T.N. Rhys-Jones; J.R. Nicholls; P. Hancock

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Distributed/Stationary Fuel Cell Systems | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

DistributedStationary Fuel Cell Systems DistributedStationary Fuel Cell Systems Photo of stationary fuel cell The Department of Energy (DOE) is developing high-efficiency fuel...

288

Microfluidic Microbial Fuel Cells for Microstructure Interrogations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model of hydrogen fuel cell kinetic losses includingschematic of typical hydrogen fuel cell performancephase factors on hydrogen fuel cell theoretical efficiency,

Parra, Erika Andrea

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cells Fuel Cells The Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program is responsible for coordinating Federal efforts to facilitate development of a commercially relevant and robust solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system. Specific objectives include achieving an efficiency of greater than 60 percent, meeting a stack cost target of $175 per kW, and demonstrating lifetime performance degradation of less than 0.2 percent per

290

Transportation Efficiency Strategies  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

fuel efficiency through conventional engine hybrid and other technologies Reducing air pollution with conventional engine technology Hybrid and internal...

291

The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel-Efficient Vehicle The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel-Efficient Vehicle January 8, 2014 -...

292

Fuel comsumption of heavy-duty trucks : potential effect of future technologies for improving energy efficiency and emission.  

SciTech Connect

The results of an analysis of heavy-duty truck (Classes 2b through 8) technologies conducted to support the Energy Information Administration's long-term projections for energy use are summarized. Several technology options that have the potential to improve the fuel economy and emissions characteristics of heavy-duty trucks are included in the analysis. The technologies are grouped as those that enhance fuel economy and those that improve emissions. Each technology's potential impact on the fuel economy of heavy-duty trucks is estimated. A rough cost projection is also presented. The extent of technology penetration is estimated on the basis of truck data analyses and technical judgment.

Saricks, C. L.; Vyas, A. D.; Stodolsky, F.; Maples, J. D.; Energy Systems; USDOE

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Enabling High Efficiency Clean Combustion with Micro-Variable Circular-Orifice (MVCO) Fuel Injector and Adaptive PCCI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Key characteristics of variable orifice fuel injector are described that will extend the operation maps of early PCCI combustion and enable dual-mode combustion over full operating maps.

294

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: DOE’s Effort to Improve Heavy Vehicle Fuel Efficiency through Improved Aerodynamics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about DOE’s...

295

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Low Temperature Emission Control to Enable Fuel-Efficient Engine Commercialization  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about low temperature...

296

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: A MultiAir / MultiFuel Approach to Enhancing Engine System Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Chrysler at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about a multiair/multifuel approach to...

297

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maps and Data  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving Patterns Driving Patterns All Categories Vehicles AFVs and HEVs Fuel Consumption and Efficiency Vehicle Market Driving Patterns Fuels & Infrastructure Fuel Trends Emissions Alternative Fueling Stations Idle Reduction Transportation Infrastructure Biofuels Production Laws & Incentives Regulated Fleets Federal Fleets State & Alt Fuel Providers Clean Cities Vehicles Petroleum Use Reduction Program OR Go Sort by: Category Most Recent Most Popular 9 results Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1cr1wpv Annual Vehicle Miles Traveled in the U.S. Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1cr1wpv Trend of Vehicle-Miles Traveled in the U.S. from 1970-2013 Last update April 2013 View Graph Graph Download Data Generated_thumb20130810-31804-pe0nga Average Vehicle Trip Length by Purpose Generated_thumb20130810-31804-pe0nga

298

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

from renewable biomass that yields at least a 60% reduction in lifecycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions relative to the average lifecycle GHG emissions for petroleum-based fuel...

299

Gas Mileage Tips - Driving More Efficiently  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving More Efficiently Driving More Efficiently Personalize Fuel Prices Select the fuel type and enter your fuel price to personalize savings estimates. Regular Midgrade Premium Diesel E85 CNG LPG $ 3.33 /gal Save My Prices Use Default Prices Click "Save My Prices" to apply your prices to other pages, or click "Use Default Prices" use national average prices. Drive Sensibly frustrated driver Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration and braking) wastes gas. It can lower your gas mileage by 33% at highway speeds and by 5% around town. Sensible driving is also safer for you and others, so you may save more than gas money. Fuel Economy Benefit: 5%-33% Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.17-$1.10/gallon Observe the Speed Limit (New Information) Graph showing MPG decreases rapidly at speeds above 50 mph

300

A hedonic test of the effects of the Alternative Motor Fuels Act  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under the Alternative Motor Fuels Act (AMFA), vehicles that run on ethanol, methanol, or natural gas get extra credits in the calculation of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE). This paper uses hedonic techniques to examine the effect of production of alternative-fuel vehicles (AFVs) on the implicit price of fuel economy. This study finds that, after \\{AFVs\\} came to market, the marginal value of fuel economy from companies producing them decreased. This finding suggests that manufacturers who produced \\{AFVs\\} were willing to offer a lower price for fuel economy, because automakers had an additional way to achieve fuel economy standards beyond improving the fuel efficiency of conventional cars. These findings bolster the argument that a major role of the AMFA credit for \\{AFVs\\} is to allow automakers to increase their production of fuel-inefficient vehicles.

Yimin Liu; Gloria E. Helfand

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Truck Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficiency Efficiency The Fleet Test and Evaluation team is working with industry partners to evaluate truck efficiency technologies in long-haul truck cabs. To keep their cabs at a comfortable temperature, heavy-duty truck drivers idle their engines an average of 1,400 hours annually, using more than 800 million gallons of fuel each year. With diesel prices at an all-time high, carrier companies are looking into ways to incorporate truck efficiency technologies to eliminate engine idling. By doing so, they not only save money on fuel but reduce tailpipe emissions. To find ways trucks can be more efficient without idling, the Fleet Test and Evaluation team is researching: Thermal Load Reduction Idle Reduction Printable Version Fleet Test and Evaluation Home Research & Development

302

Americans' Average Radiation Exposure  

SciTech Connect

We live with radiation every day. We receive radiation exposures from cosmic rays, from outer space, from radon gas, and from other naturally radioactive elements in the earth. This is called natural background radiation. It includes the radiation we get from plants, animals, and from our own bodies. We also are exposed to man-made sources of radiation, including medical and dental treatments, television sets and emission from coal-fired power plants. Generally, radiation exposures from man-made sources are only a fraction of those received from natural sources. One exception is high exposures used by doctors to treat cancer patients. Each year in the United States, the average dose to people from natural and man-made radiation sources is about 360 millirem. A millirem is an extremely tiny amount of energy absorbed by tissues in the body.

NA

2000-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

303

Ordered Hierarchical Nanostructured Carbon as a Highly Efficient Cathode Catalyst Support in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ordered hierarchical nanostructured carbon (OHNC) has been fabricated through inverse replication of silica template and explored for the first time to support high loading of Pt nanoparticles as cathode catalyst in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). ... Ordered porous carbon materials with three-dimensionally interconnected pore structures and highly developed porosity have a variety of potential applications such as catalyst supports in low temperature fuel cells,(1, 2) electrode materials for electric double-layer capacitors(3, 4) and for lithium ion batteries,(5) adsorbents, and hydrogen storage materials. ... Carbon black Vulcan XC-72 (VC) is widely used as an electrocatalyst support in the PEMFCs due to its relatively large surface area and excellent chemical stability in the fuel cell environment. ...

Baizeng Fang; Jung Ho Kim; Minsik Kim; Jong-Sung Yu

2009-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

304

Very High Fuel Economy, Heavy Duty, Constant Speed, Truck Engine Optimized Via Unique Energy Recovery Turbines and Facilitated High Efficiency Continuously Variable Drivetrain  

SciTech Connect

The project began under a corporative agreement between Mack Trucks, Inc and the Department of Energy starting from September 1, 2005. The major objective of the four year project is to demonstrate a 10% efficiency gain by operating a Volvo 13 Litre heavy-duty diesel engine at a constant or narrow speed and coupled to a continuously variable transmission. The simulation work on the Constant Speed Engine started on October 1st. The initial simulations are aimed to give a basic engine model for the VTEC vehicle simulations. Compressor and turbine maps are based upon existing maps and/or qualified, realistic estimations. The reference engine is a MD 13 US07 475 Hp. Phase I was completed in May 2006 which determined that an increase in fuel efficiency for the engine of 10.5% over the OICA cycle, and 8.2% over a road cycle was possible. The net increase in fuel efficiency would be 5% when coupled to a CVT and operated over simulated highway conditions. In Phase II an economic analysis was performed on the engine with turbocompound (TC) and a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT). The system was analyzed to determine the payback time needed for the added cost of the TC and CVT system. The analysis was performed by considering two different production scenarios of 10,000 and 60,000 units annually. The cost estimate includes the turbocharger, the turbocompound unit, the interstage duct diffuser and installation details, the modifications necessary on the engine and the CVT. Even with the cheapest fuel and the lowest improvement, the pay back time is only slightly more than 12 months. A gear train is necessary between the engine crankshaft and turbocompound unit. This is considered to be relatively straight forward with no design problems.

Bahman Habibzadeh

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

305

A technical analysis of model year 2011 US automobile efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the new 2011 automobile fleet to quantify the variation in models’ efficiency and underlying technology attributes. This involves analysis of test data to quantify the aerodynamic, rolling resistance, and powertrain efficiency characteristics of each model, as well as analysis to understand relationships between these and vehicle fuel consumption. The findings indicate that while vehicles are about 14% efficient on average, there is wide variation and direct evidence of dramatically improved powertrain efficiency within existing models. Existing gasoline and diesel models demonstrate improved powertrain efficiency by over 25%, hybrid gasoline-electric powertrains by over 50%, fuel cells by a factor of three, and all-electric by a factor of four as compared to the average 2011 vehicle. Advanced aerodynamic and tire rolling resistance technologies are also in evidence.

Nicholas Lutsey

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

The determinants of fuel use in the trucking industry—volume, fleet characteristics and the rebound effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper studies the determinants of fuel use in the trucking industry in Denmark, using aggregate time series data for the period 1980–2007. The model captures the main linkages between the demand for freight transport, the characteristics of the vehicle fleet, and the demand for fuel. Results include the following. First, we precisely define and estimate a rebound effect of improvements in fuel efficiency in the trucking industry: behavioural adjustments in the industry imply that an exogenous improvement in fuel efficiency reduces fuel use less than proportionately. Our best estimate of this effect is approximately 10 % in the short run and 17 % in the long run, so that a 1% improvement in fuel efficiency reduces fuel use by 0.90% (short-run) to 0.83% (long-run). Second, we find that higher fuel prices raise the average capacity of trucks, and they induce firms to invest in newer, typically more fuel efficient, trucks. Third, these adjustments and the rebound effect jointly imply that the effect of higher fuel prices on fuel use in the trucking industry is fairly small; estimated price elasticities are ? 0.13 and ? 0.22 in the short run and in the long run, respectively. The empirical results of this paper have implications for judging the implications of fuel efficiency standards and regulations with respect to larger trucks in the EU.

Bruno De Borger; Ismir Mulalic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A proportional method for calculating the efficiency and specific consumption of fuel at gas-turbine cogeneration stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new proportional method for calculating the indicators characterizing the energy efficiency of gas-turbine cogeneration stations is presented. The data obtained are compared...

G. P. Chitashvili

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Mathematical modeling of solid oxide fuel cells using hydrocarbon fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are high efficiency conversion devices that use hydrogen or light hydrocarbon (HC) fuels in stationary applications to produce quiet and clean power. While successful, HC-fueled SOFCs face ...

Lee, Won Yong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Designing Alternatives to State Motor Fuel Taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing Alternatives to State Motor Fuel Taxes All states rely on gasoline taxes as one source efficiency and alternative fuel vehicles reduce both the equity of the revenue source and its growth over, leading to higher fuel efficiency, wide variations in fuel efficiency, and alternative- fuel vehicles

Bertini, Robert L.

310

Fuel Efficient Stoves for Darfur Camps of Internally DisplacedPersons - Report of Field Trip to North and South Darfur, Nov. 16 -Dec.17, 2005  

SciTech Connect

Approximately 2.2 million internally displaced persons (''IDPs'') in Darfur are living in dense camps scattered in arid areas with low fuelwood productivity. Unsustainable harvesting of fuelwood by the IDPs has created ever increasing zones of denudation, that now (in November 2005) have reached several kilometers from the camp boundaries. Leaving the safety of the camps to fetch fuelwood from farther and farther away imposes great risk and hardship on the IDP women. Three different metal fuel efficient stove (''FES'') designs were tested in Darfur IDP camps for their suitability to substantially reduce the fuelwood needs of IDPs. The mud-and-dung ''ITDG'' stoves being promoted under the current FES program were also examined and tested. A modified design of the ITDG mud-and-dung stove, ''Avi'', was developed, built and tested. Systematic informal surveys of IDP households were undertaken in North and South Darfur to understand the household parameters related to family size, food, fuel, cooking habits, cooking pots, expenditure on fuel, and preferences related to alternative ways to spend time/money if fuel could be saved. Surveys found that a significant fraction of families are missing meals for lack of fuel (50% in South Darfur, and 90% in the North Darfur camps visited by the mission). About 60% of women in South Darfur, and about 90% of women in North Darfur camps purchase fuelwood. Selling some of the food rations to purchase fuel to cook meals was significant (40%) in South Darfur and has become common (80%) in North Darfur. The LBNL mission found that two of the metal stoves and the mud-and-dung Avi can significantly reduce fuelwood consumption using the same fuel, pot, cooking methods, and food ingredients used by Darfur IDPs. The most suitable design for Darfur conditions would be a modified ''Tara'' stove. With training of the cooks in tending the fire, this stove can save 50% fuel for the IDPs. The stove costs less than $10 (US) to produce in Darfur, and saves fuelwood worth $160 annually at local market prices. For programmatic and administrative reasons, the LBNL mission do not recommend a mud-and-dung stove, for which control of quality and dimensional accuracy is expensive and cumbersome to administer, particularly in a rapid large rollout effort. A light metal stove, on the other hand, can be rapidly produced in large numbers locally in Darfur, with good quality control exercised on the material and dimensions of the stoves right at the workshop where it is produced. LBNL mission also recommends immediate trials of 50 Tara stoves in a pilot technical rollout, 500 Tara stoves in a pilot social rollout, in parallel with a technical effort to modify the Tara design to make it better suited for Darfur camp conditions. The mission also recommends a program for manufacturing, disseminating the metal stoves, and educating the IDPs in fuel-efficient cooking practices. Monitoring of the stove quality, dissemination effort and training should be an integral part of the program, with systematic summaries planned with 10,000, 50,000 and 100,000 stoves have been disseminated. In the above pilot rollouts as well as in the final implementation, it is important to continue to pay attention to training of the cooks in tending the cooking fire in the stoves, and offer continued social reinforcement to this training (e.g., through periodic competitions to cook normal meals with the least fuelwood use.)

Galitsky, Christina; Gadgil, Ashok; Jacobs, Mark; Lee, Yoo-Mi

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

312

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

313

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

314

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

315

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

316

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

317

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

318

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

319

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

320

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

322

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

323

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

324

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

325

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

326

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

327

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

328

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

329

Simultaneous Efficiency, NOx, and Smoke Improvements through Diesel/Gasoline Dual-Fuel Operation in a Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or liquefied petroleum gas, natural gas, biogas, hydrogen, and alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, iso-propanol, and n-butanol), and fuel additives (MTBE or methyl tertiary-butyl ether, H2O2 or hydrogen peroxide, 2-EHN or ethylhexyl nitrate and DTBP or di...

Sun, Jiafeng

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

330

Molecular Fuel Tanks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...University of Florida. The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Web site of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) offers...Numbered Hypernotes Alternative fuel technologies. DOE's EERE Web site offers an introduction to alternative fuels. The DOE's...

Michael D. Ward

2003-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

331

Modelling transport fuel demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transport fuels account for an increasing share of oil ... interest to study the economics of the transport fuel market and thereby to evaluate the efficiency of the price mechanism as an instrument of policy in ...

Thomas Sterner; Carol A. Dahl

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Research Strategies for Development of an Efficient and Effective Electrocatalyst for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells and Progress Summary  

SciTech Connect

The current electrocatalyst formulation for the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), platinum supported on carbon (Pt/C), is known to be an effective promoter of redox reactions in fuel cells. However, the cost of Pt (currently ~$2,000/troy ounce) hinders its use as a practical catalyst in commercial fuel cell-powered vehicles at current platinum loading. Another issue with respect to adoption of any electrocatalyst for vehicle applications is durability, especially in light of transportation drive cycle operation with start/stop, start-up/shut-down, and transient requirements. Thus, a robust alternative to current Pt/C technology is needed as the PEMFC electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on the cathode. The U.S. Department of Energy is funding cathode catalyst research on low-platinum group metal (PGM) catalysts, including alloys and core-shell systems, and on non-PGM catalysts. This paper provides an overview of the issues, approaches, and status of the research.

Payne, Terry L [ORNL; Benjamin, Tom [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Garland, Nancy [U.S. Department of Energy; Kopasz, John [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Fuel Efficiency and Emissions Optimization of Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines using Model-Based Transient Calibration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

334

Efficient recovery of nano-sized iron oxide particles from synthetic acid-mine drainage (AMD) water using fuel cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient recovery of nano-sized iron oxide particles from synthetic acid-mine drainage (AMD) water electricity. Here we show that this approach can also be used as a technique to generate spherical nano

335

Analysis of Fuel Cell Vehicle Hybridization and Implications for Energy Storage Devices: June 2004  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the impact of fuel efficiency characteristics on vehicle system efficiency, fuel economy from downsizing different fuel cells, as well as the energy storage system.

Zolot, M.; Markel, T.; Pesaran, A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Solid Fuel - Oxygen Fired Combustion for Production of Nodular Reduced Iron to Reduce CO2 Emissions and Improve Energy Efficiencies  

SciTech Connect

The current trend in the steel industry is an increase in iron and steel produced in electric arc furnaces (EAF) and a gradual decline in conventional steelmaking from taconite pellets in blast furnaces. In order to expand the opportunities for the existing iron ore mines beyond their blast furnace customer base, a new material is needed to satisfy the market demands of the emerging steel industry while utilizing the existing infrastructure and materials handling capabilities. This demand creates opportunity to convert iron ore or other iron bearing materials to Nodular Reduced Iron (NRI) in a recently designed Linear Hearth Furnace (LHF). NRI is a metallized iron product containing 98.5 to 96.0% iron and 2.5 to 4% C. It is essentially a scrap substitute with little impurity that can be utilized in a variety of steelmaking processes, especially the electric arc furnace. The objective of this project was to focus on reducing the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) through reducing the energy intensity using specialized combustion systems, increasing production and the use of biomass derived carbon sources in this process. This research examined the use of a solid fuel-oxygen fired combustion system and compared the results from this system with both oxygen-fuel and air-fuel combustion systems. The solid pulverized fuels tested included various coals and a bio-coal produced from woody biomass in a specially constructed pilot scale torrefaction reactor at the Coleraine Minerals Research Laboratory (CMRL). In addition to combustion, the application of bio-coal was also tested as a means to produce a reducing atmosphere during key points in the fusion process, and as a reducing agent for ore conversion to metallic iron to capture the advantage of its inherent reduced carbon footprint. The results from this study indicate that the approaches taken can reduce both greenhouse gas emissions and the associated energy intensity with the Linear Hearth Furnace process for converting iron ore to metallic iron nodules. Various types of coals including a bio-coal produced though torrefaction can result in production of NRI at reduced GHG levels. The process results coupled with earlier already reported developments indicate that this process technique should be evaluated at the next level in order to develop parameter information for full scale process design. Implementation of the process to full commercialization will require a full cost production analysis and comparison to other reduction technologies and iron production alternatives. The technical results verify that high quality NRI can be produced under various operating conditions at the pilot level.

Donald R. Fosnacht; Richard F. Kiesel; David W. Hendrickson; David J. Englund; Iwao Iwasaki; Rodney L. Bleifuss; Mathew A. Mlinar

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

337

Viscosity-average molecular weight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n .... An averaged molecular weight for high polymers that relates most closely to measurements of dilute-solution viscosities ...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Illinois Department of Education will reimburse any qualifying school district for the cost of converting gasoline buses to more fuel-efficient engines or to engines using...

339

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Department of Transportation and Public Facilities (Department) must evaluate the cost, efficiency, and commercial availability of alternative fuels for automotive purposes...

340

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Agency Petroleum Reduction Plan All state agencies must reduce their fleets' petroleum consumption by increasing vehicle fuel economy and operating efficiency and reducing...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

improve fuel efficiency. Eligible projects include installation of idle reduction or aerodynamic technology and diesel vehicle replacement. Funding is not available for this...

342

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

100 million for an alternative fuel or gasification facility that uses coal, oil shale, or tar sands as the primary feedstock; 25 million for an energy-efficient...

343

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Environmental Protection Agency, a program allowing federally certified low emission, energy-efficient, and alternative fuel vehicles to operate in HOV lanes regardless of the...

344

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Unified School District with developing bid specifications and identifying grants for energy efficient, alternative fuel, or best emissions control technology school buses. For...

345

Hydrogen Fuel Cells  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

The fuel cell — an energy conversion device that can efficiently capture and use the power of hydrogen — is the key to making it happen.

346

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Leads in Alternative Fuel Use and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Colorado Leads in Colorado Leads in Alternative Fuel Use and Public Transit Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Leads in Alternative Fuel Use and Public Transit Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Leads in Alternative Fuel Use and Public Transit Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Leads in Alternative Fuel Use and Public Transit Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Leads in Alternative Fuel Use and Public Transit Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Leads in Alternative Fuel Use and Public Transit Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Leads in Alternative Fuel Use and Public Transit Efficiency on

347

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

AFDC AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center on AddThis.com... More in this section... Alternative Fuels Data Center: Page Not Found Skip to Content Eere_header_logo U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Alternative Fuels Data Center Search Search Help Alternative Fuels Data Center Fuels & Vehicles Biodiesel | Diesel Vehicles

348

Complete Fuel Combustion for Diesel Engines Resulting in Greatly...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Complete Fuel Combustion for Diesel Engines Resulting in Greatly Reduced Emissions and Improved Fuel Efficiency Complete Fuel Combustion for Diesel Engines Resulting in Greatly...

349

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2012 Fuel and Lubricant Technologies...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

2008-2009 Fuels Technologies R&D Progress Report Vehicles Home About Vehicle Technologies Office Plug-in Electric Vehicles & Batteries Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Alternative Fuels...

350

Optimum Performance of Direct Hydrogen Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation tool for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, Journal ofeconomies of the direct hydrogen fuel cell vehicle withoutMaximizing Direct-Hydrogen Pem Fuel Cell Vehicle Efficiency-

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Fuel Properties...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuels and Combustion Strategies for High-Efficiency Clean-Combustion Engines Optical-Engine and Surrogate-Fuels Research for an Improved Understanding of Fuel Effects on...

352

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Success Stories | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Success Stories Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Success Stories RSS The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE) successes in advanced fuel cell...

353

Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in 2008 is used as the fuel price in the fuel conservationprices and average fuel prices for Shandong’s cementCurve (FCSC) with average fuel price for the studied cement

Price, Lynn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Fuel Effects on Mixing-Controlled Combustion Strategies for High...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Effects on Mixing-Controlled Combustion Strategies for High-Efficiency Clean-Combustion Engines Fuel Effects on Mixing-Controlled Combustion Strategies for High-Efficiency...

355

Consumption & Efficiency - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Consumption & Efficiency Consumption & Efficiency Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Residential Energy Consumption Survey Data Commercial Energy Consumption Survey Data Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey Data Vehicle Energy Consumption Survey Data Energy Intensity Consumption Summaries Average cost of fossil-fuels for electricity generation All Consumption & Efficiency Data Reports Analysis & Projections All Sectors Commercial Buildings Efficiency Manufacturing Projections Residential Transportation All Reports Technical Workshop on Behavior Economics Presentations Technical Workshop on Behavior Economics Presentations Cost of Natural Gas Used in Manufacturing Sector Has Fallen Graph showing Cost of Natural Gas Used in Manufacturing Sector Has Fallen Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Manufacturing Energy

356

Consumption & Efficiency - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption & Efficiency Consumption & Efficiency Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Residential Energy Consumption Survey Data Commercial Energy Consumption Survey Data Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey Data Vehicle Energy Consumption Survey Data Energy Intensity Consumption Summaries Average cost of fossil-fuels for electricity generation All Consumption & Efficiency Data Reports Analysis & Projections All Sectors Commercial Buildings Efficiency Manufacturing Projections Residential Transportation All Reports An Assessment of EIA's Building Consumption Data Background image of CNSTAT logo The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) routinely uses feedback from customers and outside experts to help improve its programs and products. As part of an assessment of its consumption

357

HIGH AVERAGE POWER OPTICAL FEL AMPLIFIERS.  

SciTech Connect

Historically, the first demonstration of the optical FEL was in an amplifier configuration at Stanford University [l]. There were other notable instances of amplifying a seed laser, such as the LLNL PALADIN amplifier [2] and the BNL ATF High-Gain Harmonic Generation FEL [3]. However, for the most part FELs are operated as oscillators or self amplified spontaneous emission devices. Yet, in wavelength regimes where a conventional laser seed can be used, the FEL can be used as an amplifier. One promising application is for very high average power generation, for instance FEL's with average power of 100 kW or more. The high electron beam power, high brightness and high efficiency that can be achieved with photoinjectors and superconducting Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL) combine well with the high-gain FEL amplifier to produce unprecedented average power FELs. This combination has a number of advantages. In particular, we show that for a given FEL power, an FEL amplifier can introduce lower energy spread in the beam as compared to a traditional oscillator. This properly gives the ERL based FEL amplifier a great wall-plug to optical power efficiency advantage. The optics for an amplifier is simple and compact. In addition to the general features of the high average power FEL amplifier, we will look at a 100 kW class FEL amplifier is being designed to operate on the 0.5 ampere Energy Recovery Linac which is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Collider-Accelerator Department.

BEN-ZVI, ILAN, DAYRAN, D.; LITVINENKO, V.

2005-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

358

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Maintenance to Conserve Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Maintenance to Vehicle Maintenance to Conserve Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Maintenance to Conserve Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Maintenance to Conserve Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Maintenance to Conserve Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Maintenance to Conserve Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Maintenance to Conserve Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Maintenance to Conserve Fuel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Parts & Equipment Maintenance Driving Behavior Fleet Rightsizing System Efficiency Vehicle Maintenance to Conserve Fuel A comprehensive vehicle maintenance strategy can help fleet managers and

359

Co-Firing Oil Shale with Coal and Other Fuels for Improved Efficiency and Multi-Pollutant Control  

SciTech Connect

Oil shale is an abundant, undeveloped natural resource which has natural sorbent properties, and its ash has natural cementitious properties. Oil shale may be blended with coal, biomass, municipal wastes, waste tires, or other waste feedstock materials to provide the joint benefit of adding energy content while adsorbing and removing sulfur, halides, and volatile metal pollutants, and while also reducing nitrogen oxide pollutants. Oil shale depolymerization-pyrolysis-devolatilization and sorption scoping studies indicate oil shale particle sorption rates and sorption capacity can be comparable to limestone sorbents for capture of SO2 and SO3. Additionally, kerogen released from the shale was shown to have the potential to reduce NOx emissions through the well established “reburning” chemistry similar to natural gas, fuel oil, and micronized coal. Productive mercury adsorption is also possible by the oil shale particles as a result of residual fixed-carbon and other observed mercury capture sorbent properties. Sorption properties were found to be a function particle heating rate, peak particle temperature, residence time, and gas-phase stoichmetry. High surface area sorbents with high calcium reactivity and with some adsorbent fixed/activated carbon can be produced in the corresponding reaction zones that exist in a standard pulverized-coal or in a fluidized-bed combustor.

Robert A. Carrington; William C. Hecker; Reed Clayson

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Consumption & Efficiency - Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption & Efficiency Consumption & Efficiency Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Residential Energy Consumption Survey Data Commercial Energy Consumption Survey Data Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey Data Vehicle Energy Consumption Survey Data Energy Intensity Consumption Summaries Average cost of fossil-fuels for electricity generation All Consumption & Efficiency Data Reports Analysis & Projections All Sectors Commercial Buildings Efficiency Manufacturing Projections Residential Transportation All Reports All Sectors Change category... All Sectors Commercial Buildings Efficiency Manufacturing Projections Residential Transportation All Reports Filter by: All Data Analysis Projections Today in Energy - Commercial Consumption & Efficiency Short, timely articles with graphs about recent commercial consumption and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Alternative Fueling Station Locator | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

your browser to a new version. U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Source: Alternative Fuels Data Center Find alternative fueling stations near an...

362

Sandia National Laboratories: fuel cell membrane  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

membrane ECIS-Automotive Fuel Cell Corporation: Hydrocarbon Membrane Fuels the Success of Future Generation Vehicles On February 14, 2013, in CRF, Energy, Energy Efficiency,...

363

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Hydrogen and Fuel Cells EERE leads U.S. researchers and other partners in making transportation cleaner and more efficient through...

364

National Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Overview  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Cells Key Benefits Very High Efficiency Reduced CO 2 Emissions Reduced Oil Use Reduced Air Pollution Fuel Flexibility * > 60% (electrical) * > 70% (electrical, hybrid fuel cell...

365

Catalyst for Improving the Combustion Efficiency of Petroleum...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for Improving the Combustion Efficiency of Petroleum Fuels in Diesel Engines Catalyst for Improving the Combustion Efficiency of Petroleum Fuels in Diesel Engines 2005 Diesel...

366

Averaging Hypotheses in Newtonian Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Average properties of general inhomogeneous cosmological models are discussed in the Newtonian framework. It is shown under which circumstances the average flow reduces to a member of the standard Friedmann--Lema\\^\\i tre cosmologies. Possible choices of global boundary conditions of inhomogeneous cosmologies as well as consequences for the interpretation of cosmological parameters are put into perspective.

T. Buchert

1995-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

367

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Fuel Cell Tri-Generation System Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the grid and heat from a furnace or boiler ­ More efficient; Heat from the facility is used for space · Delivered heat · Delivered hydrogen · Fuel used · Used grid electricity · Sales to grid grid Syngas of potential combined heat and power/hydrogen production scenarios Approach: Rely on the H2A discounted cash

368

FUEL CELLS – MOLTEN CARBONATE FUEL CELLS | Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) emerged during the twentieth century as one of the key fuel cell types. It uses an electrolyte of alkali metal carbonates, operates typically at 650 °C, and is best suited to hydrocarbon fuels such as natural gas, coal gas, or biogas. The high operating temperature enables such fuels to be fed directly to the MCFC stacks, leading to conversion efficiencies greater than 50%. Molten carbonate fuel cell systems are ideally suited to applications that need continuous base load power. The first commercial systems, at the 300 kW scale, are therefore being used in applications such as hospitals and hotels.

A.L. Dicks

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components The components for the gasoline and diesel fuel pumps are calculated in the following manner in cents per gallon and then converted into a percentage: Crude Oil - the monthly average of the composite refiner acquisition cost, which is the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners. Refining Costs & Profits - the difference between the monthly average of the spot price of gasoline or diesel fuel (used as a proxy for the value of gasoline or diesel fuel as it exits the refinery) and the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners (the crude oil component). Distribution & Marketing Costs & Profits - the difference between the average retail price of gasoline or diesel fuel as computed from EIA's

370

An empirical analysis on the adoption of alternative fuel vehicles:The case of natural gas vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

US DOE, 2005. Alternative Fuel Price Report Energy Ef?ciencyGSL vehicle efficiency Fuel price difference Gasoline priceprice of $3/gallon, 15% fuel price difference, vehicle fuel

Yeh, Sonia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. Energy Consumption U.S. Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector Share of Energy Consumed byEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2010 Fuel Cell Project Kick-off Dr. Dimitrios Papageorgopoulos Fuel Cells Team Leader U.S. Department of Energy gy Fuel Cell Technologies Program September 28

372

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Fuel Effects on Mixing-Controlled Combustion Strategies for High-Efficiency Clean-Combustion Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Sandia National Laboratories at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about the fuel effects...

373

FCT Fuel Cells: Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Basics to someone by E-mail Basics to someone by E-mail Share FCT Fuel Cells: Basics on Facebook Tweet about FCT Fuel Cells: Basics on Twitter Bookmark FCT Fuel Cells: Basics on Google Bookmark FCT Fuel Cells: Basics on Delicious Rank FCT Fuel Cells: Basics on Digg Find More places to share FCT Fuel Cells: Basics on AddThis.com... Home Basics Current Technology DOE R&D Activities Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Technology Validation Manufacturing Codes & Standards Education Systems Analysis Contacts Basics Photo of a fuel cell stack A fuel cell uses the chemical energy of hydrogen to cleanly and efficiently produce electricity with water and heat as byproducts. (How much water?) Fuel cells are unique in terms of the variety of their potential applications; they can provide energy for systems as large as a utility

374

Residual Fuel Oil Prices, Average - Sales to End Users  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History U.S. 1.944 1.340 1.729 - - - 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 1.897 1.374 1.809 - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) 1.841 1.426 1.900 - -...

375

Fuel Cell Power PlantsFuel Cell Power Plants Renewable and Waste Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of stationary fuel Premier developer of stationary fuel cell technology -- founded in 1969 · Over 50 efficiency 60% DFC-ERGDFC ERG DFC/Turbine 58 ­ 70% Direct FuelCell (DFC)* 47% Natural Gas Engines Small Gas 30 ­ 42% Turbines * Combined Heat & Power 25 ­35% Micro- (CHP)) fuel cell applications( pp

376

Fuel Cells Get New BFF | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cells Get New BFF Fuel Cells Get New BFF Artificial diamonds may lead to affordable, efficient fuel cells Oxygen (red spheres) migrates from one vacancy to another inside the...

377

Fuel Cells - Basics | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Basics Fuel Cells - Basics Photo of a fuel cell stack A fuel cell uses the chemical energy of hydrogen to cleanly and efficiently produce electricity with water and heat as...

378

Visualization research on high efficiency and low NOx combustion technology with multiple air?staged and large angle counter flow of fuel?rich jet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper a new technique for tangentially fired pulverized coal boiler high efficiency and low NOx combustion technology with multiple air?staged and large angle counter flow of fuel?rich jet (ACCT for short) is proposed. Based on traditional air staged and rich?lean combustion technique a NOx reduction area is introduced through air injection between primary combustion zone and secondary combustion zone. To verify the characters of this technique experiment with a new developed visualization method image processing on smog tracing with fractal dimension is carried out on a cold model of 300 MW furnace designed with this technique. The result shows compared to injection without counter flow the center lines of counter flow injection go deeper into the chamber and form a smaller tangential circle which means the rotating momentum of entire vortex is feebler and the exit gyration is weaker. It also shows that with counter flow the fractal dimensions of boundary between primary jet and front fire side air is bigger which means more intense turbulence and better mix. As a conclusion with fractal dimension image processing on smog tracing method can be a quantificational convenient and effective visualization way without disturbing the flow field and it’s also acknowledged that ACCT has the following superiorities: high burn out rate low NOx emission stable burning slagging preventing and temp?bias reducing.

Y. Y. Li; Y. Li; Z. C. Lin; W. D. Fan; M. C. Zhang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Purchasing a New Energy-Efficient Central Heating System | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Purchasing a New Energy-Efficient Central Heating System Purchasing a New Energy-Efficient Central Heating System Purchasing a New Energy-Efficient Central Heating System October 21, 2008 - 4:00am Addthis John Lippert Energy prices are skyrocketing. According to the Energy Information Administration's October 7, 2008 forecast, heating fuel expenditures for the average household using oil as its primary heating fuel are expected to increase by $449 over last winter. Households using natural gas to heat their homes can expect to pay $155 more this winter, on average, than last year, and those using propane can expect to pay $188 more. Households heating primarily with electricity can expect to pay an average of $89 more. That's a lot of money resulting solely from rising heating expenses. You may long for the "good old days," but when it comes to heating systems,

380

Purchasing a New Energy-Efficient Central Heating System | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Purchasing a New Energy-Efficient Central Heating System Purchasing a New Energy-Efficient Central Heating System Purchasing a New Energy-Efficient Central Heating System October 21, 2008 - 4:00am Addthis John Lippert Energy prices are skyrocketing. According to the Energy Information Administration's October 7, 2008 forecast, heating fuel expenditures for the average household using oil as its primary heating fuel are expected to increase by $449 over last winter. Households using natural gas to heat their homes can expect to pay $155 more this winter, on average, than last year, and those using propane can expect to pay $188 more. Households heating primarily with electricity can expect to pay an average of $89 more. That's a lot of money resulting solely from rising heating expenses. You may long for the "good old days," but when it comes to heating systems,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Bench-Top Engine System for Fast Screening of Alternative Fuels and Fuel Additives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A bench-top engine testing system was used to fast screen the efficiency of fuel additives or fuel blends on NOx reduction

382

Volatility of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Blends for Supercritical Fuel Injection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Supercritical dieseline could be used in diesel engines having efficient fuel systems and combustion chamber designs that decrease fuel consumption and mitigate emissions.

383

Fuel Cells Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Storage DELIVERY FUEL CELLS STORAGE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY VALIDATION CODES & STANDARDS SYSTEMS INTEGRATION / ANALYSES SAFETY EDUCATION RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Economy Pat Davis 2 Fuel Cells Technical Goals & Objectives Goal : Develop and demonstrate fuel cell power system technologies for transportation, stationary, and portable applications. 3 Fuel Cells Technical Goals & Objectives Objectives * Develop a 60% efficient, durable, direct hydrogen fuel cell power system for transportation at a cost of $45/kW (including hydrogen storage) by 2010. * Develop a 45% efficient reformer-based fuel cell power system for transportation operating on clean hydrocarbon or alcohol based fuel that meets emissions standards, a start-up time of 30 seconds, and a projected manufactured cost of $45/kW by

384

Core Measure Average KTR Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measure Measure Average KTR Results FY 12 Target FY 12 DOE M&O CONTRACTOR (KTR) BSC RESULTS FY 2012 Customer Perspective and level of communication provided by the procurement office 95 92 Internal Business Perspective: Assessment (%) of the degree to which the purchasing system is in compliance with stakeholder requirements 97 Local Goals % Delivery on-time (includes JIT, excludes Purchase Cards) 88 84 % of total dollars obligated, on actions > $150K , that were awarded using effective competition 73 Local Goals Rapid Purchasing Techniques: -% of transactions placed by users 77 Local Goals -% of transactions placed through electronic commerce 62 Local Goals Average Cycle Time: -Average cycle time for <= $150K 8 6 to 9 days

385

FUEL CELLS – SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS | Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, some basic arrangements of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems are described, starting with atmospheric systems using a catalytic burner or a thermal burner and anode gas recycling. For illustrating the potential electrical efficiency of SOFC systems, their combination with a gas turbine and also with a steam turbine (ST) are described. To be able to evaluate the potential of the different systems, first the essential efficiencies relevant to fuel cell systems are defined and then the basics of calculating energy balance are illustrated. Equations are given to describe, for example, the effect of fuel recycling on system fuel utilization and of internal reforming on the necessary air flow for cooling the stack. It is obvious that electrical efficiency depends strongly on cell voltage and fuel utilization. In the case of cells that operate with a high fuel utilization at cell voltages of 800 mV, a net electrical efficiency above 55% can be achieved. The combination in a pressurized system with a gas turbine enables efficiencies of up to 70% and combining this system with an additional ST allows efficiencies of up to 75%. However, an investigation into the size of these \\{STs\\} shows that such combined systems make sense only above a gas input of 10 MW.

L. Blum; E. Riensche

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Stationary Fuel Cells: Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& & Renewable Energy Stationary Fuel Cells: Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Pete Devlin Fuel Cell Technologies Program United States Department of Energy Federal Utility Partnership Working Group April 14 th , 2010 2 * DOE Fuel Cell Market Transformation Overview * Overview of CHP Concept * Stationary Fuel Cells for CHP Applications * Partnering and Financing (Sam Logan) * Example Project Outline 3 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource Diversity  Fuel cells offer a highly efficient way to use diverse fuels and energy sources. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Air Pollution:  Fuel cells can be powered by emissions-free fuels that are produced from clean, domestic resources. Stationary Power (including CHP & backup power)

387

HISTORY | Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Together with the electric motor, dynamo, gas turbine, internal combustion engine, and the fused salt electrolysis of aluminum, the industrial revolution of the nineteenth century brought about the fuel cell – the silent or cold combustion of fossil fuels by the electrochemical oxidation with atmospheric oxygen to water and carbon dioxide. Wilhelm Ostwald, in 1894, emphasized the high efficiency and the nonpolluting properties of the direct conversion of chemical energy into electricity – in contrast to the then combination of steam engine and dynamo, which reached only about 10% efficiency. Direct coal fuel cells designed for the propulsion of ships, however, have not become a reality so far. Instead of fuel cells and batteries, internal combustion engines determined the nineteenth- and twentieth- century technological landscape. Against the background of the oil crisis and the long-term scarcity of natural gas, crude oil, and coal, new hopes have focused on fuel cell technology, which saw first early splendid applications during the space programs of the 1960s, in submarines since the 1980s, and in experimental zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) since the 1990s. This article outlines (1) early insights about energy conversion: Grove's cell, direct conversion of coal and indirect fuel cells; (2) historical roots of alkaline fuel cells: the discovery of gas diffusion electrodes; low-pressure alkaline fuel cell conquer spacecrafts and submarines; (3) polymer electrolyte fuel cells: solid polymer technology, electric vehicles, direct methanol fuel-cell, stationary power systems and portable polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell systems; (4) phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC): acid fuel cells, PAFC plants in Japan, gasoline fuel cells; and (5) high-temperature fuel cells: molten carbonate fuel cell and solid oxide fuel cell.

P. Kurzweil

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Nuclear Fuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Fuels Nuclear Fuels Nuclear Fuels A reactor's ability to produce power efficiently is significantly affected by the composition and configuration of its fuel system. A nuclear fuel assembly consists of hundreds of thousands of uranium pellets, stacked and encapsulated within tubes called fuel rods or fuel pins which are then bundled together in various geometric arrangements. There are many design considerations for the material composition and geometric configuration of the various components comprising a nuclear fuel system. Future designs for the fuel and the assembly or packaging of fuel will contribute to cleaner, cheaper and safer nuclear energy. Today's process for developing and testing new fuel systems is resource and time intensive. The process to manufacture the fuel, build an assembly,

389

DIESEL FUEL LUBRICATION  

SciTech Connect

The diesel fuel injector and pump systems contain many sliding interfaces that rely for lubrication upon the fuels. The combination of the poor fuel lubricity and extremely tight geometric clearance between the plunger and bore makes the diesel fuel injector vulnerable to scuffing damage that severely limits the engine life. In order to meet the upcoming stricter diesel emission regulations and higher engine efficiency requirements, further fuel refinements that will result in even lower fuel lubricity due to the removal of essential lubricating compounds, more stringent operation conditions, and tighter geometric clearances are needed. These are expected to increase the scuffing and wear vulnerability of the diesel fuel injection and pump systems. In this chapter, two approaches are discussed to address this issue: (1) increasing fuel lubricity by introducing effective lubricity additives or alternative fuels, such as biodiesel, and (2) improving the fuel injector scuffing-resistance by using advanced materials and/or surface engineering processes. The developing status of the fuel modification approach is reviewed to cover topics including fuel lubricity origins, lubricity improvers, alternative fuels, and standard fuel lubricity tests. The discussion of the materials approach is focused on the methodology development for detection of the onset of scuffing and evaluation of the material scuffing characteristics.

Qu, Jun [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tools Tools Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center on AddThis.com... Truckstop Electrification Truck Stop Electrification Locator Locate truck stops with electrification sites. Click on a location on the map for site details. A U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Source: Alternative Fuels Data Center dditional Resources View list of electrification sites in the U.S. by state. Learn more about idle reduction techniques.

391

Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuels from Supercritical Fluid Processing with the Advanced Distillation Curve Method  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Supercritical transesterification processing permits efficient fuel system and combustion chamber designs to optimize fuel utilization in diesel engines.,

392

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2012WinterFuels.pptx  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

October 2012 Forecast fuel prices are close to last winter's averages 35% % change in fuel price 20% 25% 30% compared with last winter compared with 5-year average 5% 10% 15% %...

393

Spent Nuclear Fuel Fact Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

management needs. By coordinating common needs for research, technology development, and testing programs, the National Spent Nuclear Fuel Program is achieving cost efficiencies...

394

Print the Fuel Economy Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Print the Fuel Economy Guide Print the Fuel Economy Guide 2014 Fuel Economy Guide 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Adobe Acrobat Icon MPG data updated December 19, 2013 The annual fuel cost estimates in the 2008-2014 electronic fuel economy guides are updated weekly to match EIA's current national average prices for gasoline and diesel fuel. Order a printed copy: Order Note that the published guides may not be as up-to-date at the downloadable version. View vehicles from 1984 to the present: Go to Find-a-Car Unlike the annual guides which cover only one model year, Find-a-Car provides the most up-to-date fuel economy information for vehicles from model year 1984 to the present, along with environmental and safety data. Find a Car Developer Tools 2013 Fuel Economy Guide 2013 Fuel Economy Guide Adobe Acrobat Icon

395

Alternative Fuel Transportation Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

federal federal register Monday May 17, 1999 Part II Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy 10 CFR Part 490 Alternative Fuel Transportation Program; P-series Fuels; Final Rule 26822 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 94 / Monday, May 17, 1999 / Rules and Regulations DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy 10 CFR Part 490 [Docket No. EE-RM-98-PURE] RIN 1904-AA99 Alternative Fuel Transportation Program; P-Series Fuels AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Notice of final rulemaking. SUMMARY: In response to a petition filed by Pure Energy Corporation, DOE is amending the rules for the statutory program that requires certain alternative fuel providers and State government

396

Distributed Energy Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Fuel Cells Energy Fuel Cells DOE Hydrogen DOE Hydrogen and and Fuel Cells Fuel Cells Coordination Meeting Fuel Cell Coordination Meeting June 2-3, 2003 Electricity Users Kathi Epping Kathi Epping Objectives & Barriers Distributed Energy OBJECTIVES * Develop a distributed generation PEM fuel cell system operating on natural gas or propane that achieves 40% electrical efficiency and 40,000 hours durability at $400-750/kW by 2010. BARRIERS * Durability * Heat Utilization * Power Electronics * Start-Up Time Targets and Status Integrated Stationary PEMFC Power Systems Operating on Natural Gas or Propane Containing 6 ppm Sulfur 40,000 30,000 15,000 Hours Durability 750 1,250 2,500 $/kWe Cost 40 32 30 % Electrical Efficiency Large (50-250 kW) Systems 40,000 30,000 >6,000 Hours Durability 1,000 1,500 3,000

397

LANL computer model boosts engine efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

processes, accelerate engine development and improve engine design and efficiency. Automobile engine fuel economy depends heavily on engine efficiency, which in turn depends on...

398

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative fuel news Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alternative fuels and the vehicles that use them Define fuel efficiency... Identify automobile manufacturers currently making alternative fuel vehicles Identify automobile... to...

399

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative-fuel vehicle types Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alternative fuels and the vehicles that use them Define fuel efficiency... . -Which automobile manufacturers offer a type of alternative fuel vehicle? -How will driving perhaps......

400

Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Deputy Program Manager & Deputy Program Manager Fuel Cell Technologies Program United States Department of Energy Military Energy and Alternative Fuels Conference March 17-18, 2010 San Diego, CA 2 1. Overview, Challenges & Technology Status 2. DOE Program Activities and Progress 3. Market Transformation Outline 3 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource Diversity  Fuel cells offer a highly efficient way to use diverse fuels and energy sources. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Air Pollution:  Fuel cells can be powered by emissions-free fuels that are produced from clean, domestic resources. Stationary Power (including CHP & backup power) Auxiliary & Portable Power Transportation Benefits * Efficiencies can be 60% (electrical)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

in fuel cell, hybrid electric, and all-electric vehicles that reduce the demand for electricity or improve the efficiency of its use, and research related to designing internal...

402

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Energy Task Force The Governor's Task Force on Energy Policy is developing a state energy plan to facilitate energy efficiency and the use of alternative and renewable fuels in...

403

Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Variable Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences Percent of Projections Over- Estimated Gross Domestic Product Real Gross Domestic Product (Average Cumulative Growth)* (Table 2) 1.0 42.6 Petroleum Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Constant $) (Table 3a) 35.2 18.6 Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Nominal $) (Table 3b) 34.7 19.7 Total Petroleum Consumption (Table 4) 6.2 66.5 Crude Oil Production (Table 5) 6.0 59.6 Petroleum Net Imports (Table 6) 13.3 67.0 Natural Gas Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Constant $) (Table 7a) 30.7 26.1 Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Nominal $) (Table 7b) 30.0 27.1 Total Natural Gas Consumption (Table 8) 7.8 70.2 Natural Gas Production (Table 9) 7.1 66.0 Natural Gas Net Imports (Table 10) 29.3 69.7 Coal Coal Prices to Electric Generating Plants (Constant $)** (Table 11a)

404

NETL: Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cells Fuel Cells Coal and Power Systems Fuel Cells SECA Logo Welcome to NETL's Fuel Cells Webpage. In partnership with private industry, educational institutions and national laboratories, we are leading the research, development, and demonstration of high efficiency, fuel flexible solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and coal-based SOFC power generation systems for stationary market large central power plants under the Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA). The SECA cost reduction goal is to have SOFC systems capable of being manufactured at $400 per kilowatt by 2010. Concurrently, the scale-up, aggregation, and integration of the technology will progress in parallel leading to prototype validation of megawatt (MW)-class fuel flexible products by 2012 and 2015. The SECA coal-based systems goal is the development of large

405

Fuel Cells Team  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Judith Valerio at one of our 31 single-cell test stands Fuel Cell Team The FC team focus is R&D on polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells for commercial and military applications. Our program has had ongoing funding in the area of polymer electrolyte fuel cells since 1977 and has been responsible for enabling breakthroughs in the areas of thin film electrodes and air bleed for CO tolerance. For more information on the history of fuel cell research at Los Alamos, please click here. Fuel cells are an important enabling technology for the Hydrogen Economy and have the potential to revolutionize the way we power the nation and the world. The FC team is exploring the potential of fuel cells as energy-efficient, clean, and fuel-flexible alternatives that will

406

Clean Cities Guide to Alternative Fuel and Advanced Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles (Book), Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

School Bus * Shuttle Bus * Transit Bus * Refuse Truck * Tractor * Van * Vocational Truck School Bus * Shuttle Bus * Transit Bus * Refuse Truck * Tractor * Van * Vocational Truck Clean Cities Guide to Alternative Fuel and Advanced Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles Clean Cities Guide to Alternative Fuel and Advanced Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles 2 Clean Cities Guide to Alternative Fuel and Advanced Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles 3 Table of Contents About the Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Heavy-Duty Vehicle Application Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Heavy-Duty Emission Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Multiple-Stage Construction of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Chassis Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

407

An Octane-Fueled Solid Oxide Fuel Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for the adoption of fuel cells for applications...not only reduces fuel consumption but also reduces...emission. Although fuel cells can achieve efficiencies...internal combustion engine, and H 2 is more...is, gasoline and diesel, has not been successful...

Zhongliang Zhan; Scott A. Barnett

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

408

Diesel fuel oils, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1980 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy, Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute. Tests of 192 samples of diesel fuel oils from 95 refineries throughout the country were made by 28 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960-1980. Summaries of the results of the 1980 survey, compared with similar data for 1979, are shown.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - Fuel Combustion Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Combustion Lab Fuel Combustion Lab NREL's Fuel Combustion Laboratory focuses on characterizing fuels at the molecular level. This information can then be used to understand and predict the fuel's effect on engine performance and emissions. By understanding the effects of fuel chemistry on ignition we can develop fuels that enable more efficient engine designs, using both today's technology and future advanced combustion concepts. This lab supports the distributed Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory, and the Biofuels activity. Photo of assembled IQT. Ignition Quality Tester The central piece of equipment in the Fuel Combustion Laboratory is the Ignition Quality Tester (IQT(tm)). The IQT(tm) is a constant volume combustion vessel that is used to study ignition properties of liquid

410

Average deployments versus missile and defender parameters  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluates the average number of reentry vehicles (RVs) that could be deployed successfully as a function of missile burn time, RV deployment times, and the number of space-based interceptors (SBIs) in defensive constellations. Leakage estimates of boost-phase kinetic-energy defenses as functions of launch parameters and defensive constellation size agree with integral predictions of near-exact calculations for constellation sizing. The calculations discussed here test more detailed aspects of the interaction. They indicate that SBIs can efficiently remove about 50% of the RVs from a heavy missile attack. The next 30% can removed with two-fold less effectiveness. The next 10% could double constellation sizes. 5 refs., 7 figs.

Canavan, G.H.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of Modified PAG (polyalkylene glycol) High VI High Fuel Efficient Lubricant for LDV Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Ford Motor Company at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about development of modified...

412

Oncor Energy Efficiency Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internal Use Only 2 ESL-KT-14-11-04 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 2012 – 2015 Energy Efficiency Goals Year Demand Goal MW Energy Goal MWh Basis 2012 53.1 93,031 25% of Average Load Growth 2013 54.6 95...,659 30% of Average Load Growth 2014 68.1 119,311 30% of Average Load Growth 2015* 87.0 152,424 30% of Average Load Growth • The Demand Goal is based on a five year rolling average of actual demand growth, provided by Oncor Revenue Forecasting • Goal...

Betts, C.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Results from the Microcab fuel cell vehicle demonstration at the University of Birmingham  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The UK's first fleet of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles – the Microcab H4 series – has been demonstrated at the University of Birmingham for 21 months. The five prototypes have been used interchangeably as four-seat urban taxis and light goods vehicles around campus, accumulating over 4,000 km on the campus road network and being filled with 68 kg of hydrogen. The performance and efficiency of these vehicles have been monitored in-situ throughout the trial, using custom-built data loggers for the fuel cell and other powertrain components. This paper presents the key findings relating to the powertrain performance and efficiency. While the peak tank-to-wheel efficiency was 27%, the Microcabs were found on average to be 18% efficient at converting hydrogen into tractive power. The causes of this loss in efficiency are analysed and discussed, and show that improving the control and interaction of the individual components would result in substantially improved vehicle performance.

Iain Staffell

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on

415

Table 7.5 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" 5 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu." " ",," "," ",," "," ","RSE" "Economic",,"Residual","Distillate","Natural ","LPG and",,"Row" "Characteristic(a)","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Factors" ,"Total United States"

416

"Table A25. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census" . Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources by Census" " Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991: Part 1" " (Estimates in Dollars per Physical Unit)" ,,,,," " " "," "," ","Residual","Distillate","Natural Gas(c)"," "," ","RSE" "SIC"," ","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","(1000","LPG","Coal","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","(kWh)","(gallon)","(gallon)","cu ft)","(gallon)","(short ton)","Factors"

417

Table 7.4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" 4 Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units." " ",," "," ",," "," " ,,"Residual","Distillate","Natural ","LPG and",,"RSE" "Economic","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Row" "Characteristic(a)","(kWh)","(gallons)","(gallons)","(1000 cu ft)","(gallons)","(short tons)","Factors"

418

"Table E8.1. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" 1. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units." " ",," "," ",," "," " ,,"Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"RSE" "Economic","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Row" "Characteristic(a)","(kWh)","(gallons)","(gallons)","(1000 cu ft)","(gallons)","(short tons)","Factors"

419

"Table E8.2. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" 2. Average Prices of Selected Purchased Energy Sources, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu." " ",," "," ",," "," ","RSE" "Economic",,"Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Row" "Characteristic(a)","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Factors" ,"Total United States"

420

DOE/BES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

DOEBES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels DOEBES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Volatility of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Blends for Supercritical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

having efficient fuel systems and combustion chamber designs that decrease fuel consumption and mitigate emissions. p-02anitescu.pdf More Documents & Publications...

422

Recovery Act Projects Funded for Fuel Cell Market Transformation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SOFC technology by increasing net output power and fuel processing efficiency, decreasing heat loss and parasitic power loss, and establishing diesel fuel compatibility. The...

423

Verification of Shell GTL Fuel as CARB Alternative Diesel | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Verification of Shell GTL Fuel as CARB Alternative Diesel Verification of Shell GTL Fuel as CARB Alternative Diesel Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency &...

424

Hydrogen as a Supplemental Fuel in Diesel Engines | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

as a Supplemental Fuel in Diesel Engines Hydrogen as a Supplemental Fuel in Diesel Engines Poster presentation from the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research...

425

Plasmon-damping Chemical Sensor for Hydrogen Fuel Monitoring.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hydrogen (H2) is a clean, sustainable, and highly energy efficient fuel source which will meet the increasing energy demand. Fuel cells can utilize H2 and… (more)

Ede, Rama Krishna

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

delivered costs of coal, by year and primary transport mode Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton) Average Delivered Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton)...

427

Experimental Determination of the Efficiency and Emissions of a Residential Microcogeneration System Based on a Stirling Engine and Fueled by Diesel and Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some of the diesel fuel properties were obtained from fuel certification tests conducted by the Alberta Research Council and established by the American Society for Testing and Materials, and the remainder are reported general properties. ... Clucas, D. M.Development of a Stirling engine battery charger based on a low cost wobble mechanism, Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, 1993. ... investigation is conducted to evaluate the effects of using blends of ethanol with conventional diesel fuel, with 5% and 10% (by vol.) ethanol, on the performance and exhaust emissions of a fully instrumented, six-cylinder, turbocharged and after-cooled, heavy duty, direct injection (DI), Mercedes-Benz engine, installed at the authors' lab., which is used to power the mini-bus diesel engines of the Athens Urban Transport Organization sub-fleet with a view to using bio-ethanol produced from Greek feedstock. ...

Nicolas Farra; Tommy Tzanetakis; Murray J. Thomson

2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

428

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel and Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

429

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on AddThis.com...

430

EcoCAR 3 Pushes the Vehicle Efficiency Envelope | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

III Vehicles Home About Vehicle Technologies Office Plug-in Electric Vehicles & Batteries Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Alternative Fuels Modeling, Testing, Data & Results Education...

431

Fuel Cell Development Status  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development Status Michael Short Systems Engineering Manager United Technologies Corporation Research Center Hamilton Sundstrand UTC Power UTC Fire & Security Fortune 50 corporation $52.9B in annual sales in 2009 ~60% of Sales are in building technologies Transportation Stationary Fuel Cells Space & Defense * Fuel cell technology leader since 1958 * ~ 550 employees * 768+ Active U.S. patents, more than 300 additional U.S. patents pending * Global leader in efficient, reliable, and sustainable fuel cell solutions UTC Power About Us PureCell ® Model 400 Solution Process Overview Power Conditioner Converts DC power to high-quality AC power 3 Fuel Cell Stack Generates DC power from hydrogen and air 2 Fuel Processor Converts natural gas fuel to hydrogen

432

Alternative Fuel News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

One For All: One For All: Station Cars U. S. D E P A R T M E N T o f E N E R G Y Vol. 5 - No. 2 An Official Publication of the Clean Cities Network and the Alternative Fuels Data Center From the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy PLUS: Clean Cities Conference Coverage NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY Brings Alternative Fuels, AFVs, and Clean Cities into Focus in Washington NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY Brings Alternative Fuels, AFVs, and Clean Cities into Focus in Washington 2 ear Readers, The landscape for alternative fuels continues to be lush and vibrant. This was most evident as we celebrated the 7th National Clean Cities Conference and Expo in Philadelphia. Alternative fuel stakeholders from across the country-from all over the world, for that matter-spent three robust days in Philadelphia, experiencing "The Alternative Fuels Revolution." The conference

433

Fuel Cell Power Plants Renewable and Waste Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Plants Power Plants Fuel Cell Power Plants Renewable and Waste Fuels DOE-DOD Workshop Washington, DC. January 13, 2011 reliable, efficient, ultra-clean FuelCell Energy, Inc. * Premier developer of stationary fuel Premier developer of stationary fuel cell technology - founded in 1969 * Over 50 installations in North America, Europe, and Asia * Industrial, commercial, utility products products * 300 KW to 50 MW and beyond FuelCell Energy, the FuelCell Energy logo, Direct FuelCell and "DFC" are all registered trademarks (®) of FuelCell Energy, Inc. g Product Line Based on Stack Building Block Cell Package and Stack Four-Stack Module DFC3000 Two 4-Stack Modules 2.8 MW Single-Stack Module Single Stack Module DFC1500 One 4-Stack Module 1.4 MW DFC300

434

Empirical modeling of uranium nitride fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SD Fuel swelling ( volume % ) Fission gas release (% ) Area average fuel temperature at the peak axial location Fuel burnup Fuel density Smear density The empirical fits shown above were produced using a least squares fit program with data... rejected due to a demonstrated lack of stability. The fuel swelling and fission gas release values predicted by the nonlinear correlations show fair agreement with the two experimental pins from the SP-1 irradiation test . Additionally, the trends...

Brozak, Daniel Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

435

Examination of the effect of system pressure ratio and heat recuperation on the efficiency of a coal based gas turbine fuel cell hybrid power generation system with CO2 capture  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines two coal-based hybrid configurations that employ separated anode and cathode streams for the capture and compression of CO2. One configuration uses a standard Brayton cycle, and the other adds heat recuperation ahead of the fuel cell. Results show that peak efficiencies near 55% are possible, regardless of cycle configuration, including the cost in terms of energy production of CO2 capture and compression. The power that is required to capture and compress the CO2 is shown to be approximately 15% of the total plant power.

VanOsdol, J.G.; Gemmen, R.S.; Liese, E.A

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Handbook of fuel cell performance  

SciTech Connect

The intent of this document is to provide a description of fuel cells, their performances and operating conditions, and the relationship between fuel processors and fuel cells. This information will enable fuel cell engineers to know which fuel processing schemes are most compatible with which fuel cells and to predict the performance of a fuel cell integrated with any fuel processor. The data and estimates presented are for the phosphoric acid and molten carbonate fuel cells because they are closer to commercialization than other types of fuel cells. Performance of the cells is shown as a function of operating temperature, pressure, fuel conversion (utilization), and oxidant utilization. The effect of oxidant composition (for example, air versus O/sub 2/) as well as fuel composition is examined because fuels provided by some of the more advanced fuel processing schemes such as coal conversion will contain varying amounts of H/sub 2/, CO, CO/sub 2/, CH/sub 4/, H/sub 2/O, and sulfur and nitrogen compounds. A brief description of fuel cells and their application to industrial, commercial, and residential power generation is given. The electrochemical aspects of fuel cells are reviewed. The phosphoric acid fuel cell is discussed, including how it is affected by operating conditions; and the molten carbonate fuel cell is discussed. The equations developed will help systems engineers to evaluate the application of the phosphoric acid and molten carbonate fuel cells to commercial, utility, and industrial power generation and waste heat utilization. A detailed discussion of fuel cell efficiency, and examples of fuel cell systems are given.

Benjamin, T.G.; Camara, E.H.; Marianowski, L.G.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Photosynthesis: Research for Food, Fuel and Future--15th International Conference on Photosynthesis768 Effects of Salt Stress on Photosystem II Efficiency and CO2 Assimilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photosynthesis: Research for Food, Fuel and Future--15th International Conference on Photosynthesis facing us. Keywords: Barley; Chlorophyll fluorescence; Photosynthesis; Photosystem II Introduction Barley on photosynthesis (see e.g., Kalaji and Nalborczyk, 1991; Strasser et al., 2000; Fricke and Peters, 2002; Kalaji

Govindjee

438

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Widgets  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Widgets to someone by Widgets to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Widgets on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Widgets on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Widgets on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Widgets on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Widgets on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Widgets on AddThis.com... Widgets The Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) offers widgets about alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles. Get these widgets for your website, blog, or social networking site so your readers can access current information from the AFDC. Also find more widgets from the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Alternative Fueling Station Locator

439

Highly Efficient, 5-kW CHP Fuel Cells Demonstrating Durability and Economic Value in Residential and Light Commercial Applications - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report James Petrecky Plug Power 968 Albany Shaker Road Latham, NY 12110 Phone: (518) 782-7700 ext: 1977 Email: james_petrecky@plugpower.com DOE Managers HQ: Jason Marcinkoski Phone: (202) 586-7466 Email: Jason.Marcinkoski@ee.doe.gov GO: Reg Tyler Phone: (720) 356-1805 Email: Reginald.Tyler@go.doe.gov Vendor: ClearEdge Power, Hillsboro, OR Project Start Date: October 1, 2009 Project End Date: September 15, 2013 Objectives Quantify the durability of proton exchange membrane * (PEM) fuel cell systems in residential and light commercial combined heat and power (CHP) applications in California. Optimize system performance though testing of multiple * high-temperature units through collection of field data.

440

DPF -"Hydrated EGR" Fuel Saver System | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Saver System DPF -"Hydrated EGR" Fuel Saver System GreenPower muffler uses hydrated exhaust gas recirculation to reduce NOx and improve fuel efficiency deer08rim.pdf More...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Optimum Performance of Direct Hydrogen Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1] D.J. Friedman etc. , PEM Fuel Cell System Optimization,Pressure Operation of PEM Fuel Cell Systems, SAE 2001, 2001-Maximizing Direct-Hydrogen Pem Fuel Cell Vehicle Efficiency-

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Fuel Chemistry and Cetane Effects on HCCI Performance, Combustion...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Statistical Overview of 5 Years of HCCI Fuel and Engine Data from ORNL Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation Combustion, Efficiency, and Fuel Effects in a...

443

Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction,  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

County Fleet Goes Big County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on

444

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

445

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

446

Exhaust Gas Fuel Reforming of Diesel Fuel by Nonthermal Arc Discharge for NOx Trap Regeneration Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exhaust Gas Fuel Reforming of Diesel Fuel by Nonthermal Arc Discharge for NOx Trap Regeneration Application ... It has been demonstrated that low current arc discharges are highly nonhomogenous. ... In the second case, which corresponds to the most favorable one, assuming (i) a 100 kW car engine thermal power (i.e., 40 kW mechanical power), (ii) that the plasma will treat only a small fraction of the exhaust gas (typically 3.5%), (iii) that the plasma will operate under a cycling operating mode, and (iv) an 80% efficiency for the onboard production of electricity from the car engine, one can estimate that the electric power needed to run the plasma will be around 2.2% of the engine power only during 12 s every 11 km (6.8 miles), that is, 12 s every 6 min assuming a 110 km·h?1 (68 mph) average car velocity. ...

Alexandre Lebouvier; Franc?ois Fresnet; Fre?de?ric Fabry; Vale?rie Boch; Vandad Rohani; Franc?ois Cauneau; Laurent Fulcheri

2011-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

447

Study Reveals Fuel Injection Timing Impact on Particle Number Emissions (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Start of injection can improve environmental performance of fuel-efficient gasoline direct injection engines.

Not Available

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Highway travel and fuel comsumption from 1970 to 1980  

SciTech Connect

The change in fuel price and availability (1970-80) has had a profound impact on the way and the extent of travel. Within the decade there were two precipitous increases in fuel price among a posture of steadily rising energy costs. In response to these price increases, a number of public policies were enacted. For instance, the 55-mph speed limit was imposed in 1974. At the end of that same year, the Federal Energy Administration and the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) were formulated to prescribe certain conservation guidelines for states to follow in formulating their own programs. Specifically, EPCA established a program for the development of plans designed for the promotion of energy conservation and a reduction of the energy demand growth rate. Parallel to the conservation measures are technological improvements in vehicle fuel consumption. EPCA mandated that automobile manufacturers achieve fuel efficiency incrementally through 1985 to reach an average fuel economy of 27.5 mpg. This article reviews the historical impact of these factors from 1970 through 1980. Its objective is to observe the relative significance of each of these energy-saving alternatives on the growth rate of travel and fuel use. This historical perspective is particularly interesting since it presents the before-and-after effects of two ''crises'' occurring during this 10-year period. 1 figure, 10 tables.

Chan, Y.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Fuel prices and new vehicle fuel economy—Comparing the United States and Western Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Several recent papers have documented an effect of fuel prices on new vehicle fuel economy in the United States. This paper estimates the effect of fuel prices on average new vehicle fuel economy for the eight largest European markets. The analysis spans the years 2002–2007 and uses detailed vehicle registration and specification data to control for policies, consumer preferences, and other potentially confounding factors. We find fuel prices to have a statistically significant effect on average new vehicle fuel economy in Europe. The effect estimated for Europe is much smaller than comparable estimates for the United States.

Thomas Klier; Joshua Linn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Hydrogen and Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen is a versatile energy carrier that can be used to power nearly every end-use energy need. The fuel cell -- an energy conversion device that can efficiently capture and use the power of hydrogen the chemical energy in hydrogen to electricity, with pure water and potentially useful heat as the only

451

Bench-Top Engine System for Fast Screening of Alternative Fuels...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

System for Fast Screening of Alternative Fuels and Fuel Additives A bench-top engine testing system was used to fast screen the efficiency of fuel additives or fuel blends on NOx...

452

Technology Insights and Perspectives for Nuclear Fuel Cycle Concepts  

SciTech Connect

The following report provides a rich resource of information for exploring fuel cycle characteristics. The most noteworthy trends can be traced back to the utilization efficiency of natural uranium resources. By definition, complete uranium utilization occurs only when all of the natural uranium resource can be introduced into the nuclear reactor long enough for all of it to undergo fission. Achieving near complete uranium utilization requires technologies that can achieve full recycle or at least nearly full recycle of the initial natural uranium consumed from the Earth. Greater than 99% of all natural uranium is fertile, and thus is not conducive to fission. This fact requires the fuel cycle to convert large quantities of non-fissile material into fissile transuranics. Step increases in waste benefits are closely related to the step increase in uranium utilization going from non-breeding fuel cycles to breeding fuel cycles. The amount of mass requiring a disposal path is tightly coupled to the quantity of actinides in the waste stream. Complete uranium utilization by definition means that zero (practically, near zero) actinide mass is present in the waste stream. Therefore, fuel cycles with complete (uranium and transuranic) recycle discharge predominately fission products with some actinide process losses. Fuel cycles without complete recycle discharge a much more massive waste stream because only a fraction of the initial actinide mass is burned prior to disposal. In a nuclear growth scenario, the relevant acceptable frequency for core damage events in nuclear reactors is inversely proportional to the number of reactors deployed in a fuel cycle. For ten times the reactors in a fleet, it should be expected that the fleet-average core damage frequency be decreased by a factor of ten. The relevant proliferation resistance of a fuel cycle system is enhanced with: decreasing reliance on domestic fuel cycle services, decreasing adaptability for technology misuse, enablement of material accountability, and decreasing material attractiveness.

S. Bays; S. Piet; N. Soelberg; M. Lineberry; B. Dixon

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Fluidic fuel feed system  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the development and testing of a fluidic fuel injector for a coal-water slurry fueled diesel engine. The objective of this program was to improve the operating life of coal-water slurry fuel controls and injector components by using fluidic technology. This project addressed the application of fluidic devices to solve the problems of efficient atomization of coal-water slurry fuel and of injector component wear. The investigation of injector nozzle orifice design emphasized reducing the pressure required for efficient atomization. The effort to minimize injector wear includes the novel design of components allowing the isolation of the coal-water slurry from close-fitting injector components. Three totally different injectors were designed, fabricated, bench tested and modified to arrive at a final design which was capable of being engine tested. 6 refs., 25 figs., 3 tabs.

Badgley, P.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes the Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory at the U.S. Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is a state-of-the-art research and testing facility for advanced fuels and vehicles. Research and development aims to improve vehicle efficiency and overcome barriers to the increased use of renewable diesel and other nonpetroleum-based fuels, such as biodiesel and synthetic diesel derived from biomass. The ReFUEL Laboratory features a chassis dynamometer for vehicle performance and emissions research, two engine dynamometer test cells for advanced fuels research, and precise emissions analysis equipment. As a complement to these capabilities, detailed studies of fuel properties, with a focus on ignition quality, are performed at NREL's Fuel Chemistry Laboratory.

Not Available

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Life-cycle cost analysis of energy efficiency design options for residential furnaces and boilers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy conservation standard in terms of the Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE) descriptor at a minimum

Lutz, James; Lekov, Alex; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Chan, Peter; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, James

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

PNNL Expert Alan Zacher Discusses Bio-Based Fuels  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Chemical Engineer Alan Zacher discusses the process for creating fuels from renewable sources in an efficient manner.

Alan Zacher

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

457

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Maine Incentives and Laws Maine Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Transportation Efficiency Fund Repealed: 07/01/2013 The following was repealed by Public Law 2011, Chapter 652: The Transportation Efficiency Fund is a non-lapsing fund managed by the Maine Department of Transportation to increase energy efficiency and reduce reliance on fossil fuels within the state's transportation system. Funding may be used for zero emission vehicles, biofuel and other alternative fuel vehicles, congestion mitigation and air quality initiatives, rail, public transit, and car or van pooling. (Reference Maine Revised Statutes Title

458

Role of Hydrogen Peroxide in a Selected Emulsified Fuel Ratio and Comparing It to Diesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(9) At higher load conditions, the brake thermal efficiency slightly increases for the hydrogen-peroxide-added emulsified fuel than for the remaining two fuels. ... Reduction of NOx, smoke, BSFC, and maximum combustion pressure by low compression ratios in a diesel engine fueled by emulsified fuel. ...

M. P. Ashok; C. G. Saravanan

2008-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

459

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Hydrogen is a versatile energy car-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Fuel Cells Hydrogen is a versatile energy car- rier that can be used efficiently capture and use the power of hydrogen -- is the key to making it happen. Stationary fuel cells can and trucks. Why Fuel Cells? Fuel cells directly convert the chemical energy in hydrogen to electricity

460

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance on Digg

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Fuel System and Fuel Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fuel management provides optimal solutions to reduce fuel consumption. Merchant vessels, such as container ships, drive at a reduced speed to save fuel since the reduction of the speed from...?1 lowers consumption

Michael Palocz-Andresen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

New High Performance Water Vapor Membranes to Improve Fuel Cell Balance of Plant Efficiency and Lower Costs (SBIR Phase I) - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Earl H. Wagener (Primary Contact), Brad P. Morgan, Jeffrey R. DiMaio Tetramer Technologies L.L.C. 657 S. Mechanic St. Pendleton, SC 29670 Phone: (864) 646-6282 Email: earl.wagener@tetramertechnologies.com DOE Manager HQ: Nancy Garland Phone: (202) 586-5673 Email: Nancy.Garland@ee.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-SC0006172 Project Start Date: June 17, 2011 Project End Date: March 16, 2012 Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives Demonstrate water vapor transport membrane with * >18,000 gas permeation units (GPU) Water vapor membrane with less than 20% loss in * performance after stress tests Crossover leak rate: <150 GPU * Temperature Durability of 90°C with excursions to * 100°C Cost of <$10/m

463

The Role of Emerging Technologies in Improving Energy Efficiency: Examples from the Food Processing Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technologies Conventional ammonia-based refrigeration systems Production growth through 2020 1%/year Specific energy consumption of base technologies (delivered) 0.008 kWh/lb. (electricity) Regional weighted average fossil fuel intensity of electricity... consumption and improve productivity by increasing the energy efficiency of industrial processes and systems. Therefore, the adoption of such technologies is important because they enable manufacturing plants to become both more competitive and productive...

Lung, R. B.; Masanet, E.; McKane, A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

U.S. diesel fuel price shows no movement from a week ago  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

diesel fuel price shows no movement from a week ago The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel showed no movement from a week ago. The average price remained flat at...

465

Progress Report for Advanced Automotive Fuels  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Energy Energy Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, DC 20585-0121 FY 1999 FY 1999 FY 1999 FY 1999 Progress Report for Advanced Automotive Fuels Progress Report for Advanced Automotive Fuels Progress Report for Advanced Automotive Fuels Progress Report for Advanced Automotive Fuels Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Transportation Technologies Office of Transportation Technologies Office of Transportation Technologies Office of Transportation Technologies Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies

466

Introduction to SAE Hydrogen Fueling Standardization Webinar...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

carbon offsets and offer the possibility of high-efficiency fuel cells for energy conversion (propulsion). Hydrogen is therefore attractive for commercial applications too...

467

California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

* Transform entire existing gas stations into clean transportation hubs, offering new fuel options to a broader customer base * Create cost-effective efficiencies for quick...

468

Stretch Efficiency for Combustion Engines: Exploiting New Combustion...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Stretch Efficiency for Combustion Engines: Exploiting New Combustion Regimes Stretch Efficiency for Combustion Engines: Exploiting New Combustion Regimes 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel...

469

Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System - Fact...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System - Fact Sheet, 2011 Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System - Fact Sheet, 2011 FuelCell Energy, Inc., in...

470

Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System - Presentati...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System - Presentation by FuelCell Energy, June 2011 Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System - Presentation by...

471

Fuels Performance: Navigating the Intersection of Fuels and Combustion (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the only national laboratory dedicated 100% to renewable energy and energy efficiency, recognize that engine and infrastructure compatibility can make or break the impact of even the most promising fuel. NREL and its industry partners navigate the intersection of fuel chemistry, ignition kinetics, combustion, and emissions, with innovative approaches to engines and fuels that meet drivers' expectations, while minimizing petroleum use and GHGs.

Not Available

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Simulation of High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engines and Detailed...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ongoing work exploring fuel chemistry, analysis of and improving simulation methodologies for high efficiency clean combustion regimes, and computational performance...

473

Hybrid Fuel Cell Technology Overview  

SciTech Connect

For the purpose of this STI product and unless otherwise stated, hybrid fuel cell systems are power generation systems in which a high temperature fuel cell is combined with another power generating technology. The resulting system exhibits a synergism in which the combination performs with an efficiency far greater than can be provided by either system alone. Hybrid fuel cell designs under development include fuel cell with gas turbine, fuel cell with reciprocating (piston) engine, and designs that combine different fuel cell technologies. Hybrid systems have been extensively analyzed and studied over the past five years by the Department of Energy (DOE), industry, and others. These efforts have revealed that this combination is capable of providing remarkably high efficiencies. This attribute, combined with an inherent low level of pollutant emission, suggests that hybrid systems are likely to serve as the next generation of advanced power generation systems.

None available

2001-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

474

Fuel Cell Demonstration Program  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to promote clean energy projects and aid in the commercialization of new fuel cell technologies the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) initiated a Fuel Cell Demonstration Program in 1999 with six month deployments of Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) non-commercial Beta model systems at partnering sites throughout Long Island. These projects facilitated significant developments in the technology, providing operating experience that allowed the manufacturer to produce fuel cells that were half the size of the Beta units and suitable for outdoor installations. In 2001, LIPA embarked on a large-scale effort to identify and develop measures that could improve the reliability and performance of future fuel cell technologies for electric utility applications and the concept to establish a fuel cell farm (Farm) of 75 units was developed. By the end of October of 2001, 75 Lorax 2.0 fuel cells had been installed at the West Babylon substation on Long Island, making it the first fuel cell demonstration of its kind and size anywhere in the world at the time. Designed to help LIPA study the feasibility of using fuel cells to operate in parallel with LIPA's electric grid system, the Farm operated 120 fuel cells over its lifetime of over 3 years including 3 generations of Plug Power fuel cells (Lorax 2.0, Lorax 3.0, Lorax 4.5). Of these 120 fuel cells, 20 Lorax 3.0 units operated under this Award from June 2002 to September 2004. In parallel with the operation of the Farm, LIPA recruited government and commercial/industrial customers to demonstrate fuel cells as on-site distributed generation. From December 2002 to February 2005, 17 fuel cells were tested and monitored at various customer sites throughout Long Island. The 37 fuel cells operated under this Award produced a total of 712,635 kWh. As fuel cell technology became more mature, performance improvements included a 1% increase in system efficiency. Including equipment, design, fuel, maintenance, installation, and decommissioning the total project budget was approximately $3.7 million.

Gerald Brun

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fueling Station Locator  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

your browser to a new version. U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Source: Alternative Fuels Data Center Stationlocicon40r Go to mobile version...

476

Fuel Cell Technologies Researcher Lightens Green Fuel Production  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Research funded by EERE’s Fuel Cell Technologies Office has dramatically increased the efficiency of biofuel production by changing certain genes in algae to make them pale green.

477

Commercializing light-duty plug-in/plug-out hydrogen-fuel-cell vehicles: “Mobile Electricity” technologies and opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuel-cell power production efficiencies, and engine degradationfuel-cell power production efficiencies, cooling requirements, and engine degradation

Williams, Brett D; Kurani, Kenneth S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Diesel fuel oils, 1982  

SciTech Connect

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1982 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Tests of 184 samples of diesel fuel oils from 83 refineries throughout the country were made by 27 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960 to 1982. Summaries of the results of the 1982 survey, compared with similar data for 1981, are shown in Tables 1 through 4 of the report. A summary of 1-D and 2-D fuels are presented in Tables 5 and 6 respectively.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel and Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions

480

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Motor Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax Effective January 1, 2014, a person who operates a commercial motor vehicle

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "average fuel efficiency" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Thin fuel film reactor testing for characterization of diesel fuel deposit formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need for specialized diesel fuel injectors is growing with increased efficiency and emissions regulation. These specialized fuel injectors have nozzle diameters of 150-200[mu]m which are susceptible to clogging from ...

Welling, Orian (Orian Z.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Improving Reliability and Durability of Efficient and Clean Energy Systems - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 10 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Prabhakar Singh Center for Clean Energy Engineering University of Connecticut (UConn) 44 Weaver Road, Unit 5233 Storrs, CT 06268-5233 Phone: (860) 486-8379 Email: singh@engr.uconn.edu DOE Managers HQ: Dimitrios Papageorgopoulos Phone: (202) 586-5463 Email: Dimitrios.Papageorgopoulos@ee.doe.gov GO: Reginald Tyler Phone: (720) 356-1805 Email: Reginald.Tyler@go.doe.gov Technical Advisor Thomas Benjamin Phone: (720) 356-1805 Email: benjamin@anl.gov Contract Number: DE-EE00003226 Project Start Date: August 1, 2010 Project End Date: July 31, 2013 *Congressionally directed project Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives Develop an understanding of the degradation processes * in advanced electrochemical energy conversion systems.

483

Microstructured Hydrogen Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Micro fuel cells ; Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells ; Proton exchange membrane fuel cells ...

Luc G. Frechette

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Micro and Man-Portable Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& USFCC Fuel Cells Meeting: & USFCC Fuel Cells Meeting: US DOE & USFCC Fuel Cells Meeting: Matching Federal Government Energy Needs Matching Federal Government Energy Needs with Energy Efficient Fuel Cells with Energy Efficient Fuel Cells Micro & Man Micro & Man - - Portable Fuel Cells Portable Fuel Cells Jerry Hallmark Jerry Hallmark Motorola Labs Motorola Labs - - President USFCC President USFCC Hotel Palomar Hotel Palomar Washington, DC Washington, DC April 26th, 2007 April 26th, 2007 US DOE & USFCC Fuel Cells Meeting 1 4/26/2007 U.S. Fuel Cell Council Micro & Man-Portable * Less Than 100 Watts * Consumer electronics, defense (solder power), speciality applications Portable, Backup, APU * 100 Watts to 10 Kilowatts * Battery replacement or charging, defense (platoon power), telecom backup,

485

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The definition of an alternative fuel includes natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, electricity, hydrogen, fuel mixtures containing not less

486

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Fueling Stations Photo of an ethanol fueling station. Thousands of ethanol fueling stations are available in the United States.

487

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Promotion The Missouri Alternative Fuels Commission (Commission) promotes the continued production and use of alternative transportation fuels in

488

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Hydrogen Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Hydrogen Fueling Stations Photo of a hydrogen fueling station. A handful of hydrogen fueling stations are available in the United States

489

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fueling Stations Photo of a biodiesel fueling station. Hundreds of biodiesel fueling stations are available in the United States.

490

Fuel Conservation and Applied Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the use ofbet-ter engines, better transmissions...1. Effect on energy consumption of specific improvements...Total automotive fuel consumption equals 19 percent ofnational...reduction 3 Adiabatic diesel engine Efficiency increase...

Jerry Grey; George W. Sutton; Martin Zlotnick

1978-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

491

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

30: July 26, 2004 30: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330: July 26, 2004 Fuel Savings Required to Purchase Fuel Efficient Vehicle on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #330:

492

Fact #648: November 8, 2010 Conventional and Alternative Fuel...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Fuel Price Report is a quarterly report that tracks prices for conventional and alternative fuels in the U.S. The graph below shows the nationwide average price for each...

493

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

diesel fuel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

494

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

diesel fuel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.78 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.3 cents from a week ago, based on...

495

Fuel Cell Handbook, Fifth Edition  

SciTech Connect

Progress continues in fuel cell technology since the previous edition of the Fuel Cell Handbook was published in November 1998. Uppermost, polymer electrolyte fuel cells, molten carbonate fuel cells, and solid oxide fuel cells have been demonstrated at commercial size in power plants. The previously demonstrated phosphoric acid fuel cells have entered the marketplace with more than 220 power plants delivered. Highlighting this commercial entry, the phosphoric acid power plant fleet has demonstrated 95+% availability and several units have passed 40,000 hours of operation. One unit has operated over 49,000 hours. Early expectations of very low emissions and relatively high efficiencies have been met in power plants with each type of fuel cell. Fuel flexibility has been demonstrated using natural gas, propane, landfill gas, anaerobic digester gas, military logistic fuels, and coal gas, greatly expanding market opportunities. Transportation markets worldwide have shown remarkable interest in fuel cells; nearly every major vehicle manufacturer in the U.S., Europe, and the Far East is supporting development. This Handbook provides a foundation in fuel cells for persons wanting a better understanding of the technology, its benefits, and the systems issues that influence its application. Trends in technology are discussed, including next-generation concepts that promise ultrahigh efficiency and low cost, while providing exceptionally clean power plant systems. Section 1 summarizes fuel cell progress since the last edition and includes existing power plant nameplate data. Section 2 addresses the thermodynamics of fuel cells to provide an understanding of fuel cell operation at two levels (basic and advanced). Sections 3 through 8 describe the six major fuel cell types and their performance based on cell operating conditions. Alkaline and intermediate solid state fuel cells were added to this edition of the Handbook. New information indicates that manufacturers have stayed with proven cell designs, focusing instead on advancing the system surrounding the fuel cell to lower life cycle costs. Section 9, Fuel Cell Systems, has been significantly revised to characterize near-term and next-generation fuel cell power plant systems at a conceptual level of detail. Section 10 provides examples of practical fuel cell system calculations. A list of fuel cell URLs is included in the Appendix. A new index assists the reader in locating specific information quickly.

Energy and Environmental Solutions

2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

496

Webinar: Highly Efficient Solar Thermochemical Reaction Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Video recording and text version of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar titled "Highly Efficient Solar Thermochemical Reaction Systems," originally presented on January 13, 2015.

497

Highly Efficient Solar Thermochemical Reaction Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Download presentation slides from the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar "Highly Efficient Solar Thermochemical Reaction Systems" held on January 13, 2015.

498

Innovative Approaches to Improving Engine Efficiency | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Publications Overview of High-Efficiency Engine Technologies Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Intake Air Oxygen Sensor Future Directions in Engines and Fuels...

499

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: About  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the Fuel Cell Technologies Office About the Fuel Cell Technologies Office The Fuel Cell Technologies Office conducts comprehensive efforts to overcome the technological, economic, and institutional barriers to the widespread commercialization of hydrogen and fuel cells. The office is aligned with the strategic vision and goals of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The office's efforts will help secure U.S. leadership in clean energy technologies and advance U.S. economic competitiveness and scientific innovation. What We Do DOE is the lead federal agency for directing and integrating activities in hydrogen and fuel cell R&D as authorized in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The Fuel Cell Technologies Office is responsible for coordinating the R&D activities for DOE's Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, which includes activities within four DOE offices (Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy [EERE], Office of Fossil Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy, and Office of Science).

500

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8/5/2011 eere.energy.gov 8/5/2011 eere.energy.gov 5 th International Conference on Polymer Batteries & Fuel Cells Argonne, Illinois Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita Satyapal U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Program Manager August 4, 2011 2 | Fuel Cell Technologies Program Source: US DOE 8/5/2011 eere.energy.gov Fuel Cells: Benefits & Market Potential The Role of Fuel Cells Key Benefits Very High Efficiency Reduced CO 2 Emissions * 35-50%+ reductions for CHP systems (>80% with biogas) * 55-90% reductions for light- duty vehicles * up to 60% (electrical) * up to 70% (electrical, hybrid fuel cell / turbine) * up to 85% (with CHP) Reduced Oil Use * >95% reduction for FCEVs (vs. today's gasoline ICEVs)