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1

Technologies and policies for controlling greenhouse gas emissions from the U. S. automobile and light truck fleet.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The message conveyed by the above discussion is that there are no shortages of technologies available to improve the fuel efficiency of the U.S. fleet of autos and light trucks. It clearly is technically feasible to improve greatly the fuel economy of the average new light-duty vehicle. Many of these technologies require tradeoffs, however, that manufacturers are unwilling or (as yet) unable to make in today's market and regulatory environment. These tradeoffs involve higher costs (that might be reduced substantially over time with learning and economies of scale), technical risk and added complexity, emissions concerns (especially for direct injection engines, and especially with respect to diesel engine technology), and customer acceptance issues. Even with current low U.S. oil prices, however, many of these technologies may find their way into the U.S. market, or increase their market share, as a consequence of their penetration of European and Japanese markets with their high gasoline prices. Automotive technology is ''fungible'' that is, it can be easily transported from one market to another. Nevertheless, it probably is unrealistic to expect substantial increases in the average fuel economy of the U.S. light-duty fleet without significant changes in the market. Without such changes, the technologies that do penetrate the U.S. market are more likely to be used to increase acceleration performance or vehicle structures or enable four wheel drive to be included in vehicles without a net mpg penalty. In other words, technology by itself is not likely to be enough to raise fleet fuel economy levels - this was the conclusion of the 1995 Ailomar Conference on Energy and Sustainable Transportation, organized by the Transportation Research Board's Committees on Energy and Alternative Fuels, and it is one I share.

Plotkin, S.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Ten Years of Development Experience with Advanced Light Truck...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ten Years of Development Experience with Advanced Light Truck Diesel Engines Ten Years of Development Experience with Advanced Light Truck Diesel Engines 2004 Diesel Engine...

3

Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory Procedures 21.01.08.V0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles/Trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Automobiles/Trucks Approved: September 20, 2011 Revised: March 26, 2013 Next Scheduled Review: March 26, 2015: Automobiles/Trucks Page 1 of 2 PROCEDURE STATEMENT To comply with the provisions of the applicable civil Laboratory Procedures 21.01.08.V0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles/Trucks Page 2 of 2 2.6 Record

4

Caterpillar Light Truck Clean Diesel Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1998, light trucks accounted for over 48% of new vehicle sales in the U.S. and well over half the new Light Duty vehicle fuel consumption. The Light Truck Clean Diesel (LTCD) program seeks to introduce large numbers of advanced technology diesel engines in light-duty trucks that would improve their fuel economy (mpg) by at least 50% and reduce our nation's dependence on foreign oil. Incorporating diesel engines in this application represents a high-risk technical and economic challenge. To meet the challenge, a government-industry partnership (Department of Energy, diesel engine manufacturers, and the automotive original equipment manufacturers) is applying joint resources to meet specific goals that will provide benefits to the nation. [1] Caterpillar initially teamed with Ford Motor Company on a 5 year program (1997-2002) to develop prototype vehicles that demonstrate a 50% fuel economy improvement over the current 1997 gasoline powered light truck vehicle in this class while complying with EPA's Tier II emissions regulations. The light truck vehicle selected for the demonstration is a 1999 Ford F150 SuperCab. To meet the goals of the program, the 4.6 L V-8 gasoline engine in this vehicle will be replaced by an advanced compression ignition direct injection (CIDI) engine. Key elements of the Caterpillar LTCD program plan to develop the advanced CIDI engine are presented in this paper.

Robert L. Miller; Kevin P. Duffy; Michael A. Flinn; Steve A. Faulkner; Mike A. Graham

1999-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

5

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 21.01.08.X0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles/Trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 21.01.08.X0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles, 2014 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 21.01.08.X0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles Use Reports: Automobiles/Trucks Page 2 of 2 2.5 Enter the purpose of use for each trip. Terms

6

DOE Light Truck Clean Diesel (LTCD) Program Final Caterpillar Public Report Light Truck Clean Diesel Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy and Caterpillar entered a Cooperative Agreement to develop compression ignition engine technology suitable for the light truck/SUV market. Caterpillar, in collaboration with a suitable commercialization partner, developed a new Compression Ignition Direct Injection (CIDI) engine technology to dramatically improve the emissions and performance of light truck engines. The overall program objective was to demonstrate engine prototypes by 2004, with an order of magnitude emission reduction while meeting challenging fuel consumption goals. Program emphasis was placed on developing and incorporating cutting edge technologies that could remove the current impediments to commercialization of CIDI power sources in light truck applications. The major obstacle to commercialization is emissions regulations with secondary concerns of driveability and NVH (noise, vibration and harshness). The target emissions levels were 0.05 g/mile NOx and 0.01 g/mile PM to be compliant with the EPA Tier 2 fleet average requirements of 0.07 g/mile and the CARB LEV 2 of 0.05 g/mile for NOx, both have a PM requirement of 0.01 g/mile. The program team developed a combustion process that fundamentally shifted the classic NOx vs. PM behavior of CIDI engines. The NOx vs. PM shift was accomplished with a form of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI). The HCCI concept centers on appropriate mixing of air and fuel in the compression process and controlling the inception and rate of combustion through various means such as variable valve timing, inlet charge temperature and pressure control. Caterpillar has adapted an existing Caterpillar design of a single injector that: (1) creates the appropriate fuel and air mixture for HCCI, (2) is capable of a more conventional injection to overcome the low power density problems of current HCCI implementations, (3) provides a mixed mode where both the HCCI and conventional combustion are functioning in the same combustion cycle. Figure 1 illustrates the mixed mode injection system. Under the LTCD program Caterpillar developed a mixed mode injector for a multi-cylinder engine system. The mixed mode injection system represents a critical enabling technology for the implementation of HCCI. In addition, Caterpillar implemented variable valve system technology and air system technology on the multi-cylinder engine platform. The valve and air system technology were critical to system control. Caterpillar developed the combustion system to achieve a 93% reduction in NOx emissions. The resulting NOx emissions were 0.12 gm/mile NOx. The demonstrated emissions level meets the stringent Tier 2 Bin 8 requirement without NOx aftertreatment! However, combustion development alone was not adequate to meet the program goal of 0.05gm/mile NOx. To meet the program goals, an additional 60% NOx reduction technology will be required. Caterpillar evaluated a number of NOx reduction technologies to quantify and understand the NOx reduction potential and system performance implications. The NOx adsorber was the most attractive NOx aftertreatment option based on fuel consumption and NOx reduction potential. In spite of the breakthrough technology development conducted under the LTCD program there remains many significant challenges associated with the technology configuration. For HCCI, additional effort is needed to develop a robust control strategy, reduce the hydrocarbon emissions at light load condition, and develop a more production viable fuel system. Furthermore, the NOx adsorber suffers from cost, packaging, and durability challenges that must be addressed.

Eric Fluga

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

7

Design & Development of e-TurboTM for SUV and Light Truck Applications...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Development of e-TurboTM for SUV and Light Truck Applications Design & Development of e-TurboTM for SUV and Light Truck Applications 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: Garrett...

8

Design and Development of e-Turbo for SUV and Light Truck Applications...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Development of e-Turbo for SUV and Light Truck Applications Design and Development of e-Turbo for SUV and Light Truck Applications 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)...

9

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Life-Cycle Model of an Automobile, Environmental Science &Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail,Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail,

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Feasibility Study Of Advanced Technology Hov Systems: Volume 2b: Emissions Impact Of Roadway-powered Electric Buses, Light-duty Vehicles, And Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES, AND AUTOMOBILES Mark A. Miller Victorand The analysis involves automobiles in California arePowered Electric Automobiles -a---- Range of Estimated

Miller, Mark A.; Dato, Victor; Chira-chavala, Ted

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Cummins Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel engine...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Publications Cummins' Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel Engine ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation...

12

Proposed Revisions to Light Truck Fuel Economy Standard (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In August 2005, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published proposed reforms to the structure of CAFE standards for light trucks and increases in light truck Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for model years 2008 through 201. Under the proposed new structure, NHTSA would establish minimum fuel economy levels for six size categories defined by the vehicle footprint (wheelbase multiplied by track width), as summarized in Table 3. For model years 2008 through 2010, the new CAFE standards would provide manufacturers the option of complying with either the standards defined for each individual footprint category or a proposed average light truck fleet standard of 22.5 miles per gallon in 2008, 23.1 miles per gallon in 2009, and 23.5 miles per gallon in 2010. All light truck manufacturers would be required to meet an overall standard based on sales within each individual footprint category after model year 2010.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

THERMOELECTRICAL ENERGY RECOVERY FROM THE EXHAUST OF A LIGHT TRUCK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A team formed by Clarkson University is engaged in a project to design, build, model, test, and develop a plan to commercialize a thermoelectric generator (TEG) system for recovering energy from the exhaust of light trucks and passenger cars. Clarkson University is responsible for project management, vehicle interface design, system modeling, and commercialization plan. Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (sub-contractor to Clarkson) is responsible for TEG design and construction. Delphi Corporation is responsible for testing services and engineering consultation and General Motors Corporation is responsible for providing the test vehicle and information about its systems. Funds were supplied by a grant from the Transportation Research Program of the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), through Joseph R. Wagner. Members of the team and John Fairbanks (Project Manager, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technology). Currently, the design of TEG has been completed and initial construction of the TEG has been initiated by Hi-Z. The TEG system consists of heat exchangers, thermoelectric modules and a power conditioning unit. The heat source for the TEG is the exhaust gas from the engine and the heat sink is the engine coolant. A model has been developed to simulate the performance of the TEG under varying operating conditions. Preliminary results from the model predict that up to 330 watts can be generated by the TEG which would increase fuel economy by 5 percent. This number could possibly increase to 20 percent with quantum-well technology. To assess the performance of the TEG and improve the accuracy of the modeling, experimental testing will be performed at Delphi Corporation. A preliminary experimental test plan is given. To determine the economic and commercial viability, a business study has been conducted and results from the study showing potential areas for TEG commercialization are discussed.

Karri, M; Thacher, E; Helenbrook, B; Compeau, M; Kushch, A; Elsner, N; Bhatti, M; O' Brien, J; Stabler, F

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

14

Detroit Diesel Engine Technology for Light Duty Truck Applications - DELTA Engine Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The early generation of the DELTA engine has been thoroughly tested and characterized in the virtual lab, during engine dynamometer testing, and on light duty trucks for personal transportation. This paper provides an up-to-date account of program findings. Further, the next generation engine design and future program plans will be briefly presented.

Freese, Charlie

2000-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

15

Evaluation of the adequacy of the 2000P test vehicle as a surrogate for light truck subclasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study evaluated the adequacy of the 2000P test vehicle as a surrogate for light truck subclasses. The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 350 recommended the use of a 3/4-ton (approximately 2000 kg) pickup...

Titus-Glover, Cyril James

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Texas A&M AgriLife Research Procedures 21.01.08.A0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles/Trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas A&M AgriLife Research Procedures 21.01.08.A0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles, 2014 Texas A&M AgriLife Research Procedures 21.01.08.A0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles destinations. #12;Texas A&M AgriLife Research Procedures 21.01.08.A0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles

17

Selection of Light Duty Truck Engine Air Systems Using Virtual Lab Tests  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An integrated development approach using seasoned engine technology methodologies, virtual lab parametric investigations, and selected hardware verification tests reflects today's state-of-the-art R&D trends. This presentation will outline such a strategy. The use of this ''Wired'' approach results in substantial reduction in the development cycle time and hardware iterations. An example showing the virtual lab application for a viable design of the air-exhaust-turbocharger system of a light duty truck engine for personal transportation will be presented.

Zhang, Houshun

2000-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

Restructuring The Automobile/highway System For Lean Vehicles: The Scaled Precedence Activity Network (SPAN) Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shared with conventional automobiles and trucks (on a 2 to 119791. Man and the Automobile. New York: McGraw-Hill. Jones,AT BERKELEY Restructuring the Automobile/Highway System for

Pitstick, Mark E.; Garrison, William L.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Fuel Economy Standards for New Light Trucks (released in AEO2007)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In March 2006, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) finalized Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards requiring higher fuel economy performance for light-duty trucks in model year (MY) 2008 through 2011. Unlike the proposed CAFE standards discussed in Annual Energy Outlook 2006, which would have established minimum fuel economy requirements by six footprint size classes, the final reformed CAFE standards specify a continuous mathematical function that determines minimum fuel economy requirements by vehicle footprint, defined as the wheelbase (the distance from the front axle to the center of the rear axle) times the average track width (the distance between the center lines of the tires) of the vehicle in square feet.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT OF E-TURBO FOR SUV AND LIGHT TRUCK APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the project is to develop an electronically controlled, electrically assisted turbocharging system, e-Turbo, for application to SUV and light truck class of passenger vehicles. Earlier simulation work had shown the benefits of e-Turbo system on increasing low-end torque and improving fuel economy. This paper will present further data from the literature to show that advanced turbocharging can enable diesel engine downsizing of 10-30% with 6-17% improvement in fuel economy. This is in addition to the fuel economy benefit that a turbocharged diesel engine offers over conventional gasoline engines. E-Turbo is necessary to get acceptable driving characteristics with downsized diesel engines. As a first step towards the development of this technology for SUV/light truck sized diesel engines (4-6 litre displacement), design concepts and hardware were evaluated for a smaller engine (2 litre displacement). It was felt that design and developments issues could be minimized, the concept proven progressively on the bench, on a small engine and then applied to a large Vee engine (one on each bank). After successful demonstration of the concept, large turbomachinery could be designed and built specifically for larger SUV sized diesel engines. This paper presents the results of development of e-Turbo for a 2 litre diesel engine. A detailed comparison of several electric assist technologies including permanent magnet, six-phase induction and conventional induction motor/generator technology was done. A comparison of switched reluctance motor technology was also done although detailed design was not carried out.

Balis, C; Middlemass, C; Shahed, SM

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Cummins Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel Engine  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ton Pick-up Truck application 40% Better miles per gallon - Compared to V8 gasoline powered equivalent US Tier 2, Bin 2 emissions levels Commercially Viable...

22

The Detroit Diesel DELTA Engine for Light Trucks and SUVs - Year 2000 Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) is developing the DELTA 4.0L V6 engine, specifically for the North American light truck market. This market poses unique requirements for a diesel engine, necessitating a clean sheet engine design. DELTA was developed from a clean sheet of paper, with the first engine firing just 228 days later. The process began with a Quality Function Deployment (QFD) analysis, which prioritized the development criteria. The development process integrated a co-located, fully cross-functional team. Suppliers were fully integrated and maintained on-site representation. The first demonstration vehicle moved under its own power 12 weeks after the first engine fired. It was demonstrated to the automotive press 18 days later. DELTA has repeatedly demonstrated its ability to disprove historical North American diesel perceptions and compete directly with gasoline engines. This paper outlines the Generation 0.0 development process and briefly defines the engine. A brief indication of the Generation 0.5 development status is given.

Nabil S. Hakim; Charles E. Freese; Stanley P. Miller

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

23

Light-duty vehicle mpg and market shares report, model year 1988  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This issue of Light-Duty Vehicle MPG and Market Shares Report: Model Year 1988 reports the estimated sales-weighted fuel economies, sales, market shares, and other vehicle characteristics of automobiles and light trucks. The estimates are made on a make and model basis, from model year 1976 to model year 1988. Vehicle sales data are used as weighting factors in the sales-weighted estimation procedure. Thus, the estimates represent averages of the overall new vehicle fleet, reflecting the composition of the fleet. Highlights are provided on the trends in the vehicle characteristics from one model year to the next. Analyses are also made on the fuel economy changes to determine the factors which caused the changes. The sales-weighted fuel economy for the new car fleet in model year 1988 showed an improvement of 0.1 mpg from model year 1987, while light trucks showed a 0.2 mpg loss. The 0.2 mpg loss by the light trucks can be attributed to the fact that every light truck size class experienced either losses or no change in their fuel economies from the previous model year, except for the large van size class. Overall, the sales-weighted fuel economy of the entire light-duty vehicle fleet (automobiles and light trucks combined) has remained relatively stable since model year 1986. Domestic light-duty vehicles began to gain popularity over their import counterparts; and light trucks increased their market shares relative to automobiles. Domestic cars regained 0.3% of the automobile market, reversing the previous trend. Similar to the automobile market, domestic light trucks continued to gain popularity over their import counterparts, partly due to the increasing popularity of domestic small vans. 3 refs., 35 figs., 48 tabs.

Hu, P.S.; Williams, L.S.; Beal, D.J.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

DELTA-DIESEL ENGINE LIGHT TRUCK APPLICATION Contract DE-FC05-97OR22606 Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DELTA Diesel Engine Light Truck Application End of Contract Report DE-FC05-97-OR22606 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report is the final technical report of the Diesel Engine Light Truck Application (DELTA) program under contract DE-FC05-97-OR22606. During the course of this contract, Detroit Diesel Corporation analyzed, designed, tooled, developed and applied the ''Proof of Concept'' (Generation 0) 4.0L V-6 DELTA engine and designed the successor ''Production Technology Demonstration'' (Generation 1) 4.0L V-6 DELTA engine. The objectives of DELTA Program contract DE-FC05-97-OR22606 were to: Demonstrate production-viable diesel engine technologies, specifically intended for the North American LDT and SUV markets; Demonstrate emissions compliance with significant fuel economy advantages. With a clean sheet design, DDC produced the DELTA engine concept promising the following attributes: 30-50% improved fuel economy; Low cost; Good durability and reliability; Acceptable noise, vibration and harshness (NVH); State-of-the-art features; Even firing, 4 valves per cylinder; High pressure common rail fuel system; Electronically controlled; Turbocharged, intercooled, cooled EGR; Extremely low emissions via CLEAN Combustion{copyright} technology. To demonstrate the engine technology in the SUV market, DDC repowered a 1999 Dodge Durango with the DELTA Generation 0 engine. Fuel economy improvements were approximately 50% better than the gasoline engine replaced in the vehicle.

Hakim, Nabil Balnaves, Mike

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

25

Environmentally Benign Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCHiPPER, MARK DELUCHl, Automobiles AND QUANLU the marketown demise? researchers, automobile Conventional she wisdomtin- lucvtva] of 8w automobile itself, but of the automobile

Sperling, Daniel; Schipper, Lee; Deluchi, Mark; Wang, Quanlu

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Fact #647: November 1, 2010 Sales Shifting from Light Trucks to Cars |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 20112: July 19, 2010 The CostsTrucks|to 2010

27

Testimony to the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources POLICIES TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL ECONOMY 2:30 pm, Tuesday, January 30, 2007 Dirksen Senate to formulate effective policies to significantly increase motor vehicle fuel economy. The views I express today to supply the world's growing demand for liquid fuels. Why do we need fuel economy policy? For too long we

28

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards

29

Development of Technologies for a High Efficiency, Very Low Emission, Diesel Engine for Light Trucks and Sport Utility Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cummins Inc., in partnership with the Department of Energy, has developed technology for a new highly efficient, very low emission, diesel engine for light trucks and sport utility vehicles. This work began in April 1997, and started with very aggressive goals for vehicles in the 5751 to 8500 pound GCW weight class. The primary program goals were as follows: (1) EMISSIONS -- NOx = 0.50 g/mi; PM = 0.05 g/mi; CO = 2.8 g/mi; and NMHC = 0.07 g/mi. California decided to issue new and even tougher LEV II light truck regulations late in 1999. EPA also issued its lower Tier 2 regulations late in 2000. The net result was that the targets for this diesel engine project were lowered, and these goals were eventually modified by the publication of Federal Tier 2 emission standards early in 2000 to the following: NOx = 0.07 g/mi; and PM = 0.01 g/mi. (2) FUEL ECONOMY -- The fuel economy goal was 50 percent MPG improvement (combined city/highway) over the 1997 gasoline powered light truck or sport utility vehicle in the vehicle class for which this diesel engine is being designed to replace. The goal for fuel economy remained at 50 percent MPG improvement, even with the emissions goal revisions. (3) COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT -- Regular design reviews of the engine program will be conducted with a vehicle manufacturer to insure that the concepts and design specifics are commercially feasible. (DaimlerChrysler has provided Cummins with this design review input.) Cummins has essentially completed a demonstration of proof-of-principle for a diesel engine platform using advanced combustion and fuel system technologies. Cummins reported very early progress in this project, evidence that new diesel engine technology had been developed that demonstrated the feasibility of the above emissions goals. Emissions levels of NOx = 0.4 g/mi and PM = 0.06 g/mi were demonstrated for a 5250 lb. test weight vehicle with passive aftertreatment only. These results were achieved using the full chassis dynamometer FTP-75 test procedure that allowed compliance with the Tier 2 Interim Bin 10 Standards and would apply to vehicles in MY2004 through MY2007 timeframe. In further technology development with active aftertreatment management, Cummins has been able to report that the emissions goals for the Tier 2 Bin 5 standards were met on an engine running the full FTP-75 test procedure. The fuel economy on the chassis tests was measured at over 59 percent MPG improvement over the gasoline engines that are offered in typical SUVs and light trucks. The above demonstration used only in-cylinder fueling for management of the aftertreatment system.

Stang, John H.

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

30

Development of Technologies for a High Efficiency, Very Low Emission, Diesel Engine for Light Trucks and Sport Utility Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cummins Inc., in partnership with the Department of Energy, has developed technology for a new highly efficient, very low emission, diesel engine for light trucks and sport utility vehicles. This work began in April 1997, and started with very aggressive goals for vehicles in the 5751 to 8500 pound GCW weight class. The primary program goals were as follows: (1) EMISSIONS--NO{sub x} = 0.50 g/mi; PM = 0.05 g/mi; CO = 2.8 g/mi; and NMHC = 0.07 g/mi. California decided to issue new and even tougher LEV II light truck regulations late in 1999. EPA also issued its lower Tier 2 regulations late in 2000. The net result was that the targets for this diesel engine project were lowered, and these goals were eventually modified by the publication of Federal Tier 2 emission standards early in 2000 to the following: NO{sub x} = 0.07 g/mi; and PM = 0.01 g/mi. (2) FUEL ECONOMY--The fuel economy goal was 50 percent MPG improvement (combined city/highway) over the 1997 gasoline powered light truck or sport utility vehicle in the vehicle class for which this diesel engine is being designed to replace. The goal for fuel economy remained at 50 percent MPG improvement, even with the emissions goal revisions. (3) COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT--Regular design reviews of the engine program will be conducted with a vehicle manufacturer to insure that the concepts and design specifics are commercially feasible. (DaimlerChrysler has provided Cummins with this design review input.) Cummins has essentially completed a demonstration of proof-of-principle for a diesel engine platform using advanced combustion and fuel system technologies. Cummins reported very early progress in this project, evidence that new diesel engine technology had been developed that demonstrated the feasibility of the above emissions goals. Emissions levels of NOx = 0.4 g/mi and PM = 0.06 g/mi were demonstrated for a 5250 lb. test weight vehicle with passive aftertreatment only. These results were achieved using the full chassis dynamometer FTP-75 test procedure that allowed compliance with the Tier 2 Interim Bin 10 Standards and would apply to vehicles in MY2004 through MY2007 timeframe. In further technology development with active aftertreatment management, Cummins has been able to report that the emissions goals for the Tier 2 Bin 5 standards were met on an engine running the full FTP-75 test procedure. The fuel economy on the chassis tests was measured at over 59 percent MPG improvement over the gasoline engines that are offered in typical SUVs and light trucks. The above demonstration used only in-cylinder fueling for management of the aftertreatment system.

John H. Stang

2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

31

Assessing economic impacts of clean diesel engines. Phase 1 report: U.S.- or foreign-produced clean diesel engines for selected light trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Light trucks' share of the US light vehicle market rose from 20% in 1980 to 41% in 1996. By 1996, annual energy consumption for light trucks was 6.0 x 10{sup 15} Btu (quadrillion Btu, or quad), compared with 7.9 quad for cars. Gasoline engines, used in almost 99% of light trucks, do not meet the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards. These engines have poor fuel economy, many getting only 10--12 miles per gallon. Diesel engines, despite their much better fuel economy, had not been preferred by US light truck manufacturers because of problems with high NO{sub x} and particulate emissions. The US Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies, has funded research projects at several leading engine makers to develop a new low-emission, high-efficiency advanced diesel engine, first for large trucks, then for light trucks. Recent advances in diesel engine technology may overcome the NO{sub x} and particulate problems. Two plausible alternative clean diesel (CD) engine market penetration trajectories were developed, representing an optimistic case (High Case) and an industry response to meet the CAFE standards (CAFE Case). However, leadership in the technology to produce a successful small, advanced diesel engine for light trucks is an open issue between U.S. and foreign companies and could have major industry and national implications. Direct and indirect economic effects of the following CD scenarios were estimated by using the Standard and Poor's Data Resources, Inc., US economy model: High Case with US Dominance, High Case with Foreign Dominance, CAFE Case with US Dominance, and CAFE Case with Foreign Dominance. The model results demonstrate that the economic activity under each of the four CD scenarios is higher than in the Base Case (business as usual). The economic activity is highest for the High Case with US dominance, resulting in maximum gains in such key indicators as gross domestic product, total civilian employment, and federal government surplus. Specifically, the cumulative real gross domestic product surplus over the Base Case during the 2000--2022 period is about $56 x 10{sup 9} (constant 1992 dollars) under this high US dominance case. In contrast, the real gross domestic product gains under the high foreign dominance case would be only about half of the above gains with US dominance.

Teotia, A.P.; Vyas, A.D.; Cuenca, R.M.; Stodolsky, F.

1999-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

32

Cummins' Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel Engine...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technology Light Duty Diesel Aftertreatment System Passive Catalytic Approach to Low Temperature NOx Emission Abatement ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

33

Project Information Form Project Title Reducing Truck Emissions and Improving Truck Fuel Economy via ITS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Information Form Project Title Reducing Truck Emissions and Improving Truck Fuel Economy new traffic flow and traffic light control concepts with respect to emissions and fuel economy. Some

California at Davis, University of

34

Ports, Boats and Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PORTS, BOATS, AND AUTOMOBILES B Y P E T E R V. H A L L A C Cships designed to carry automobiles. Less visible though areAlthough major automobile importers ostensibly do the same

Hall, Peter V.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Lift truck safety review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents safety information about powered industrial trucks. The basic lift truck, the counterbalanced sit down rider truck, is the primary focus of the report. Lift truck engineering is briefly described, then a hazard analysis is performed on the lift truck. Case histories and accident statistics are also given. Rules and regulations about lift trucks, such as the US Occupational Safety an Health Administration laws and the Underwriter`s Laboratories standards, are discussed. Safety issues with lift trucks are reviewed, and lift truck safety and reliability are discussed. Some quantitative reliability values are given.

Cadwallader, L.C.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Life-Cycle Model of an Automobile, Environmental Science &Cycle Assessment of Automobile/Fuel Options, EnvironmentalCycle Energy Analysis for Automobiles, Society of Automotive

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Automobile Driving and Aggressive Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The accident prone automobile driver. American Journal ofAutomobile Driving And Aggressive Behavior Raymond W. Novacofor its content or use. Automobile Driving and Aggressive

Novaco, Raymond W.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Heavy Truck Clean Diesel (HTCD) Program: 2007 Demonstration Truck...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Clean Diesel (HTCD) Program: 2007 Demonstration Truck Heavy Truck Clean Diesel (HTCD) Program: 2007 Demonstration Truck 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: Caterpillar Incorporated...

39

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units for Long-Haul Trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units for Long-Haul Trucks Modeling and Control Mohammad fuel ce · SOFC based truck APU will reduce long haul truck fuel usage and dependence on foreign oil Long-haul trucks require electrical power to operate lights, heating/air conditioning and televisions

40

Real Estate Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Find a Job Post a Job Real Estate Automobiles All Classifieds International National Politics: A Nation Challenged Special: Winter Olympics Editorials/Op-Ed Readers' Opinions Automobiles Arts Books

Crimaldi, John P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The automobile share  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Out of a conversion of 120 billions metric tons of fossil carbon per year 1 billion are traffic related. But this amount is growing steadily. The global automobile density is about 10 automobiles per capita. It grows with 1.7% per year, as fast as the population. The number of automobiles doubles in 25 years. In all groups of developed countries the automobile density increased from 5 to 50 automobiles per capita in less than 50 years so far. Where is the fuel for the 1 billion automobiles of the year 2030 or 2050? Can one reduce this number or what chances does one have to reduce the adverse consequences? Whatever the number of motor vehicles will be, man will have the chance to reduce fuel consumption and therefore CO{sub 2}-emission together with other emissions considerably.

Fiala, E.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

A Primer on Automobile Semiotics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K. and Turrentine, T. Automobile Buyer Decisions about FuelRR—06—01 A Primer on Automobile Semiotics Reid R. Heffnerits.ucdavis.edu/ A Primer on Automobile Semiotics Reid R.

Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Ports, Boats and Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PORTS, BOATS, AND AUTOMOBILES B Y P E T E R V. H A L L A C Care crucial for port authorities and transportation agenciesbased approach. They use port facilities to receive vehicles

Hall, Peter V.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Urban Design to Reduce Automobile Dependence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1994. Lies, Damned Lies and “Automobile Dependence” – SomeInternational Sourcebook of Automobile Dependence in Cities,1989. Cities and Automobile Dependence: An International

Newman, Peter; Kenworthy, Jeffrey

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Plus, it's compliant with new emissions standards -- an important element in cutting our air pollution in the U.S. If all light trucks and SUVs used an engine like this, Americans...

46

Aerodynamic Forces on Truck Models, Including Two Trucks in Tandem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rear-edge shaping on the aerodynamic drag of bluff vehiclesOF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY Aerodynamic Forces on Truck Models,TRANSIT AND HIGHWAYS Aerodynamic Forces on Truck Models,

Hammache, Mustapha; Michaelian, Mark; Browand, Fred

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Haul truck selection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Haul truck selection involves the consideration of a vast amount of information before the final decision is made. This judgment should not be made simply on the choice of power train, because to go for mechanical or electric drive has always been a case of horses for courses. Some sites are just better suited to electric drive. It could, for instance, be argued that coming out of deep mines with long haul roads is an ideal application for electric drive, but negotiating steep down gradients fully laden would favor mechanical drive. Engine selection on the other hand is easier to define but normally is the direct responsibility of the customer, with the truck manufacturer acting as impartial adviser. Understandably each will offer engines it believes to be well matched to the truck and to the site application requirements. Long term mine planning with careful attention to future equipment requirements is the key to all equipment purchases. This paper discusses the various considerations.

Porter, D.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Automobiles on Steroids: Product Attribute Trade-Offs and Technological Progress in the Automobile Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A. Pakes (1995): “Automobile Prices in Market Equilibrium,”The Case of the U.S. Automobile Industry,” Econometrica, 63(Evidence from the US Automobile Market,” University of

Knittel, Christopher R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Automobiles on Steroids: Product Attribute Trade-O?s and Technological Progress in the Automobile Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A. Pakes (1995): “Automobile Prices in Market Equilibrium,”The Case of the U.S. Automobile Industry,” Econometrica, 63(Evidence from the US Automobile Market,” University of

Knittel, Christopher R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Truckstop -- and Truck!-- Electrification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conclusions of this paper are: 0.5-1.5 G/H and/or BUSG/Y--how much time and money will it take to quantify and WHY BOTHER TO DO SO? No shortage of things to do re truckstop--+ truck!-- electrification; Better that government and industry should put many eggs in lots of baskets vs. all in one or few; Best concepts will surface as most viable; Economic appeal better than regulation or brute force; Launch Ground Freight Partnership and give it a chance to work; Demonstration is an effective means to educate, and learn from, customers--learning is a two way street; Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment (RD 3) are all important but only deployment gets results; TSE can start small in numbers of spaces to accommodate economically inspired growth but upfront plans should be made for expansion if meaningful idle reduction is to follow via TE; 110VAC 15A service/ parking space is minimal--if infrastructure starts like this, upfront plans must be made to increase capacity; Increased electrification of truckstop and truck alike will result in much better life on the road; Improved sleep will improve driver alertness and safety; Reduced idling will significantly reduce fuel use and emissions; Universal appeal for DOD, DOE, DOT, EPA, OEMs, and users alike; Clean coal, gas, hydro, nuclear, or wind energy sources are all distinctly American means by which to generate electricity; Nothing can compete with diesel fuel to serve mobile truck needs; stationary trucks are like power plants--they don't move and should NOT be powered by petroleum products whenever possible; Use American fueled power plants--electricity--to serve truck idling needs wherever practical to do so; encourage economic aspect; Create and reward industry initiatives to reduce fuel use; Eliminate FET on new trucks, provide tax credits (non highway fuel use and investment), provide incentives based on results; Encourage newer/ cleaner truck use; solicit BAAs with mandatory OEM/ fleet participation/ lead; and A gallon saved is a gallon earned-- start NOW, not later.

Skip Yeakel

2001-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

51

automobile et production de GES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 Mécanique automobile et production de GES 50 % des émissions de GES en territoire montréalais la combustion d'un mélange d'air et de carburant. or, les carburants utilisés par nos automobiles, chauffer des maisons et faire avancer des automobiles. Résultat : le rejet dans l'atmosphère d

Charette, André

52

Improving haul truck productivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper reviews developments in payload management and cycle times. These were discussed at a roundtable held at the Haulage and Loading 2007 conference held in May in Phoenix, AZ, USA. Several original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) explaind what their companies were doing to improve cycle times for trucks, shovels and excavators used in surface coal mining. Quotations are given from Dion Domaschenz of Liebherr and Steve Plott of Cat Global Mining. 4 figs.

Fiscor, S.

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Aerospace Engineering Pickup Truck AerodynamicsPickup Truck Aerodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution on a generic pickup truck geometry. · To measure the unsteady flow field in the near wake, suction type wind tunnel · Pickup truck model provided by GM R&D · Ground board mounted on top side of tunnel · Actual wind tunnel cross section 60 x 50 cm · Model mounted 380 mm from ground board leading

Al-Garni, Abdullah M.

54

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pomper, S.D. , Life Cycle Inventory of a Generic U.S. Family2007. [EEA 2006] Emission Inventory Guidebook, ActivitiesVolume I: National Lighting Inventory and Energy Consumption

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Bachelor-Fachprojekt ,,Software im Automobil"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 Bachelor-Fachprojekt ,,Software im Automobil" Olaf Spinczyk Arbeitsgruppe Eingebettete.cs.uni-dortmund.de/~spinczyk/ #12;Fachprojekt ,,Software im Automobil" 22 Inhalt Fachprojekte Thema ,,Software im Automobil" Durchführung Generalisierung #12;Fachprojekt ,,Software im Automobil" 33 Fachprojekte ... ... haben stärkeren

Morik, Katharina

56

An Automobile/Transit Emissions Evaluation of Southern California's Metrolink  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

percentile) Finn| Report: An Automobile~Transit EmissionsAn Automobile/Transit Emissions Evaluation of Southernregulation. or An Automobile/Transit Emissions Evaluation of

Barth, Matthew J.; Tadi, Ramakrishna R.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Automobile Buyer Decisions about Fuel Economy and Fuel Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumer Response to Automobile Regulation and TechnologicalConsumer Discounting of Automobile Fuel Economy: ReviewingDecisions: Evidence from Automobiles” Research Report.

Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Thomas

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Envisioning Parking Strategies for the Post-Automobile City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence”. Washington,Strategies for the Post-Automobile City Urban Land Use anddirected toward the use of automobiles (Chapman, 2007), with

Circella, Giovanni

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology and System Level Demonstration...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology and System Level Demonstration of Highly Efficient and Clean, Diesel Powered Class 8 Trucks Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology and...

60

Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology Demonstration of Highly...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SuperTruck Program - Technology Demonstration of Highly Efficient Clean, Diesel Powered Class 8 Trucks Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology Demonstration of Highly Efficient...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Raley's LNG Truck Site Final Data Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Raley's is a 120-store grocery chain with headquarters in Sacramento, California, that has been operating eight heavy-duty LNG trucks (Kenworth T800 trucks with Cummins L10-300G engines) and two LNG yard tractors (Ottawa trucks with Cummins B5.9G engines) since April 1997. This report describes the results of data collection and evaluation of the eight heavy-duty LNG trucks compared to similar heavy-duty diesel trucks operating at Raley's. The data collection and evaluation are a part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)/National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Alternative Fuel Truck Evaluation Project.

Battelle

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Automobiles on Steroids: Product Attribute Trade-Offs and Technological Progress in the Automobile Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automobiles on Steroids: Product Attribute Trade-Offs and Technological Progress in the Automobile 1980 in the automobile industry and the trade-offs faced when choosing between fuel economy, weight little over the past 25 years to incentivize increases in pas- senger automobile fuel economy. Corporate

Rothman, Daniel

63

Heavy Truck Engine Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Heavy Duty Truck Engine Program at Cummins embodied three significant development phases. All phases of work strove to demonstrate a high level of diesel engine efficiency in the face of increasingly stringent emission requirements. Concurrently, aftertreatment system development and refinement was pursued in support of these efficiency demonstrations. The program's first phase focused on the demonstration in-vehicle of a high level of heavy duty diesel engine efficiency (45% Brake Thermal Efficiency) at a typical cruise condition while achieving composite emissions results which met the 2004 U.S. EPA legislated standards. With a combination of engine combustion calibration tuning and the development and application of Urea-based SCR and particulate aftertreatment, these demonstrations were successfully performed by Q4 of 2002. The second phase of the program directed efforts towards an in-vehicle demonstration of an engine system capable of meeting 2007 U.S. EPA legislated emissions requirements while achieving 45% Brake Thermal Efficiency at cruise conditions. Through further combustion optimization, the refinement of Cummins Cooled EGR architecture, the application of a high pressure common rail fuel system and the incorporation of optimized engine parasitics, Cummins Inc. successfully demonstrated these deliverables in Q2 of 2004. The program's final phase set a stretch goal of demonstrating 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency from a heavy duty diesel engine system capable of meeting 2010 U.S. EPA legislated emissions requirements. Cummins chose to pursue this goal through further combustion development and refinement of the Cooled EGR system architecture and also applied a Rankine cycle Waste Heat Recovery technique to convert otherwise wasted thermal energy to useful power. The engine and heat recovery system was demonstrated to achieve 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency while operating at a torque peak condition in second quarter, 2006. The 50% efficient engine system was capable of meeting 2010 emissions requirements through the application of NOx and particulate matter reduction techniques proven earlier in the program.

Nelson, Christopher

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

64

Fuel Efficiency Automobile Test Quality Assurance Narrative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel Efficiency Automobile Test Quality Assurance Narrative Standard Operating Procedures Help ........................................................................................................... 3 FEAT Standard Operating Procedures...................................................................................................................24 Maintenance Items

Denver, University of

65

A report to United Services Automobile Association  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A report to United Services Automobile Association (USAA) Submitted by Katie N. Womack Center Driving In Texas Prepared for: United Services Automobile Association (USAA) By: Katie N. Womack Center Services Automobile Association (USAA). The report documents the findings of five tasks undertaken under

66

A Credibility Theory for Automobile Bonus Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. Norberg A Credibility Theory for Automobile Bonus Systems Reprinted from Scandinaviun Actuarial Journal, 1976 #12;Scand. Actuarial J. 1976:92-107 A CredibilityTheory for Automobile Bonus Systems rating systems of the bonus type, commonly used in automobile insurance. On the basis of a simple model

Maume-Deschamps, Véronique

67

AMAROK PIKAP: INTERACTIVE PERCUSSION PLAYING AUTOMOBILE*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AMAROK PIKAP: INTERACTIVE PERCUSSION PLAYING AUTOMOBILE* Selçuk ARTUT Sabanci University Faculty project utilizes an interactive system on the surface of an automobile that is specially modified of an automobile campaign: Amarok Pikap. The structure that forms the design will also be subjected to a technical

Yanikoglu, Berrin

68

Remote Sensing: A New Tool For Automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: ______________________________________________________________________________________ A New Tool For Automobile Inspection & Maintenance By Dr. Donald H. Stedman Brainerd Phillipson Prof-mandated emissions testing of automobiles in Colorado has decreased emissions, albeit much less than predicted emissions testing protocol, every automobile that's older than four years but not a "classic" must be tested

Denver, University of

69

Heavy Truck Duty Cycle (HTDC) Project The Heavy Truck Duty Cycle (HTDC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data from trucks operating in long-haul operations. The research program was designed to be conductedHeavy Truck Duty Cycle (HTDC) Project OVERVIEW The Heavy Truck Duty Cycle (HTDC) Project. The project involves efforts to collect, analyze and archive data and information related to class -8 truck

70

Truck acoustic data analyzer system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A passive vehicle acoustic data analyzer system having at least one microphone disposed in the acoustic field of a moving vehicle and a computer in electronic communication the microphone(s). The computer detects and measures the frequency shift in the acoustic signature emitted by the vehicle as it approaches and passes the microphone(s). The acoustic signature of a truck driving by a microphone can provide enough information to estimate the truck speed in miles-per-hour (mph), engine speed in rotations-per-minute (RPM), turbocharger speed in RPM, and vehicle weight.

Haynes, Howard D.; Akerman, Alfred; Ayers, Curtis W.

2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

71

Truck Thermoacoustic Generator and Chiller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Final Report describes the accomplishments of the US Department of Energy (DOE) cooperative agreement project DE-FC26-04NT42113 - Truck Thermoacoustic Generator and Chiller - whose goal is to design, fabricate and test a thermoacoustic piezoelectric generator and chiller system for use on over-the-road heavy-duty-diesel trucks, driven alternatively by the waste heat of the main diesel engine exhaust or by a burner integrated into the thermoacoustic system. The thermoacoustic system would utilize engine exhaust waste heat to generate electricity and cab air conditioning, and would also function as an auxiliary power unit (APU) for idle reduction. The unit was to be tested in Volvo engine performance and endurance test cells and then integrated onto a Class 8 over-the-road heavy-duty-diesel truck for further testing on the road. The project has been a collaboration of The Pennsylvania State University Applied Research Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Clean Power Resources Inc., and Volvo Powertrain (Mack Trucks Inc.). Cost share funding was provided by Applied Research Laboratory, and by Clean Power Resources Inc via its grant from Innovation Works - funding that was derived from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Los Alamos received its funding separately through DOE Field Work Proposal 04EE09.

Robert Keolian

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

72

Solar hydrogen for urban trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Clean Air Now (CAN) Solar Hydrogen Project, located at Xerox Corp., El Segundo, California, includes solar photovoltaic powered hydrogen generation, compression, storage and end use. Three modified Ford Ranger trucks use the hydrogen fuel. The stand-alone electrolyzer and hydrogen dispensing system are solely powered by a photovoltaic array. A variable frequency DC-AC converter steps up the voltage to drive the 15 horsepower compressor motor. On site storage is available for up to 14,000 standard cubic feet (SCF) of solar hydrogen, and up to 80,000 SCF of commercial hydrogen. The project is 3 miles from Los Angeles International airport. The engine conversions are bored to 2.9 liter displacement and are supercharged. Performance is similar to that of the Ranger gasoline powered truck. Fuel is stored in carbon composite tanks (just behind the driver`s cab) at pressures up to 3600 psi. Truck range is 144 miles, given 3600 psi of hydrogen. The engine operates in lean burn mode, with nil CO and HC emissions. NO{sub x} emissions vary with load and rpm in the range from 10 to 100 ppm, yielding total emissions at a small fraction of the ULEV standard. Two trucks have been converted for the Xerox fleet, and one for the City of West Hollywood. A public outreach program, done in conjunction with the local public schools and the Department of Energy, introduces the local public to the advantages of hydrogen fuel technologies. The Clean Air Now program demonstrates that hydrogen powered fleet development is an appropriate, safe, and effective strategy for improvement of urban air quality, energy security and avoidance of global warming impact. Continued technology development and cost reduction promises to make such implementation market competitive.

Provenzano, J.: Scott, P.B.; Zweig, R. [Clean Air Now, Northridge, CA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

73

Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy Ashley Langer University evidence that automobile manufacturers set vehicle prices as if consumers respond to gasoline prices. We consumer preferences for fuel efficiency. Keywords: automobile prices, gasoline prices, environmental

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

74

Experimental Automatic Lateral Control System For An Automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control System for an Automobile Huei Peng, Wei-Bin Zhang,system for a full scaled automobile. Previous PATH programsystem for steering on an automobile. Due to their mutual

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Emission Controls for Heavy-Duty Trucks  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DEER Conference Emission Controls for Heavy-Duty Trucks Overview Emission Standards - US and Worldwide Technology Options for Meeting Emissions System Integration ...

76

Smart, Connected, and Electrified The Future of the Automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smart, Connected, and Electrified ­ The Future of the Automobile into the automobile where technologies such as embedded wireless modems, Bluetooth

Eustice, Ryan

77

Trucking | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky) JumpCorpDist JumpTrucking Home

78

SCR Systems for Heavy Duty Trucks: Progress Towards Meeting Euro...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Systems for Heavy Duty Trucks: Progress Towards Meeting Euro 4 Emission Standards in 2005 SCR Systems for Heavy Duty Trucks: Progress Towards Meeting Euro 4 Emission Standards in...

79

Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving cycles and interstate roads Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving...

80

NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastruct...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastructure NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastructure 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Design Considerations for a PEM Fuel Cell Powered Truck APU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of most line-haul class 8 trucks. Ballard Nexa Fuel Cell Thefuel cell powered auxiliary power units (APUs) to reduce idling in line-haul trucks.

Grupp, David J; Forrest, Matthew E.; Mader, Pippin G.; Brodrick, Christie-Joy; Miller, Marshall; Dwyer, Harry A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Class 8 Truck...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Class 8 Truck Freight Efficiency Improvement Project Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Class 8 Truck Freight Efficiency Improvement Project Presentation given by...

83

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: SuperTruck Program...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

SuperTruck Program: Engine Project Review Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: SuperTruck Program: Engine Project Review Presentation given by Detroit Diesel Corporation...

84

Thermoelectric Generator Development at Renault Trucks-Volvo...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Trucks-Volvo Group Reviews project to study the potential of thermoelectricity for diesel engines of trucks and passenger cars, where relatively low exhaust temperature is...

85

NOx Adsorbers for Heavy Duty Truck Engines - Testing and Simulation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NOx Adsorbers for Heavy Duty Truck Engines - Testing and Simulation NOx Adsorbers for Heavy Duty Truck Engines - Testing and Simulation This report provides the results of an...

86

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Cummins SuperTruck...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Cummins SuperTruck Program Technology and System Level Demonstration of Highly Efficient and Clean, Diesel Powered Class 8 Trucks...

87

Assessment of Out-of-State Heavy-Duty Truck Activity Trends In California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California-registered long-haul trucks that travel throughreferred to as “long haul” trucks. These trucks tend to beto include both “long haul” trucks and trucks that operate

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Proceedings of the 2002 Advanced Vehicle Control Conference, Hiroshima, Japan, September 2002 Control of a Hybrid Electric Truck Based on Driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

initiated, aiming to duplicate the success of hybrid powertrain on passenger cars to light and heavy trucks demonstrated by several prototype hybrid passenger cars, produced by the PNGV program, will be an unrealistic Control of a Hybrid Electric Truck Based on Driving Pattern Recognition Chan-Chiao Lin, Huei Peng Soonil

Peng, Huei

89

Clean Diesel Engine Component Improvement Program Diesel Truck Thermoelectric Generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (Hi-Z) is currently developing four different auxiliary generator designs that are used to convert a portion (5 to 20%) of the waste heat from vehicle engines exhaust directly to electricity. The four designs range from 200 Watts to 10 kW. The furthest along is the 1 kW Diesel Truck Thermoelectric Generator (DTTEG) for heavy duty Class 8 Diesel trucks, which, under this program, has been subjected to 543,000 equivalent miles of bouncing and jarring on PACCARâ??s test track. Test experience on an earlier version of the DTTEG on the same track showed the need for design modifications incorporated in DTTEG Mod 2, such as a heavy duty shock mounting system and reinforcement of the electrical leads mounting system, the thermocouple mounting system and the thermoelectric module restraints. The conclusion of the 543,000 mile test also pointed the way for an upgrading to heavy duty hose or flex connections for the internal coolant connections for the TEG, and consideration of a separate lower temperature cooling loop with its own radiator. Fuel savings of up to $750 per year and a three to five year payback are believed to be possible with the 5 % efficiency modules. The economics are expected to improve considerably to approach a two year payback when the 5 kW to 10 kW generators make it to the market in a few years with a higher efficiency (20%) thermoelectric module system called Quantum Wells, which are currently under development by Hi-Z. Ultimately, as automation takes over to reduce material and labor costs in the high volume production of QW modules, a one year payback for the 5 kW to10 kW generator appears possible. This was one of the stated goals at the beginning of the project. At some future point in time, with the DTTEG becoming standard equipment on all trucks and automobiles, fuel savings from the 25% conversion of exhaust heat to useable electricity nationwide equates to a 10% reduction in the 12 to 15 million barrels per day of imported oil, that much less air pollution, and an equivalent reduction in the trade deficit, which is expected to lower the inflation rate.

N.B. Elsner; J.C. Bass; S. Ghamaty; D. Krommenhoek; A. Kushch; D. Snowden; S. Marchetti

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

90

Melbourne Automobile Emissions Study Donald H. Stedman and Yi Zhang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Melbourne Automobile Emissions Study Donald H. Stedman and Yi Zhang Department of Chemistry island. The raw data from Royal Automobile Club of Victoria (RACV) Ltd and Victorian Automobile Chamber of the automobile emissions in Melbourne, Australia. Comparisons of the emission characteristics between

Denver, University of

91

Factor of two : halving the fuel consumption of new U.S. Automobiles by 2035  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the vehicle design and sales mix changes necessary to double the average fuel economy of new U.S. cars and light-trucks by model year 2035. To achieve this factor of two target, three technology options ...

Cheah, Lynette W

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Alternative fuel trucks case studies: Running line-haul trucks on ethanol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This bulletin describes case studies of trucks operating on ethanol fuel. Cost, maintenance and repair, as well as fuel economy are discussed.

Norton, P.; Kelly, K.J.; Marek, N.J.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

In-Cab Air Quality of Trucks Air Conditioned and Kept in Electrified Truck Stop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At night, long-haul truck drivers rest inside the cabins of their vehicles. Therefore, the in-cab air quality while air conditioning (A/C) is being provided can be a great concern to the drivers health. The effect of using different A/C methods [truck's A/C, auxiliary power unit (APU), and truck stop electrification (TSE) unit] on in-cab air quality of a heavy-duty diesel vehicle was investigated at an electrified truck stop in the El Paso, Texas, area. The research team measured the in-cabin and the ambient air quality adjacent to the parked diesel truck as well as emissions from the truck and an APU while it was providing A/C. The measured results were compared and analyzed. On the basis of these results, it was concluded that the TSE unit provided better in-cab air quality while supplying A/C. Furthermore, the truck and APU exhaust emissions were measured, and fuel consumption of the truck (while idling) and the APU (during operation) were compared. The results led to the finding that emissions from the APU were less than those from the truck's engine idling, but the APU consumed more fuel than the engine while providing A/C under given conditions.

Lee, Doh-Won [Texas Transportation Institute; Zietsman, Josias [Texas Transportation Institute; Farzaneh, Mohamadreza [Texas Transportation Institute; Li, Wen-Whai [University of Texas, El Paso; Olvera, Hector [University of Texas, El Paso; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Kranendonk, Laura [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Advanced Headrest System for Comfort and Support in Automobile Seats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Support in Automobile Seats Overview Current designs of automobile headrests are uncomfortable vertical and angular adjustment · System was designed to be easily compatible in current automobiles

Demirel, Melik C.

95

Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Circle of Measuring Automobile Fuel Use, Energy Policy 21. (1995. Determinants of Automobile Energy Use and Energythe baseline evolution of automobile fuel economy in Europe.

Schipper, Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Folk Quantification of Transportation Energy: An initial investigation of perceptions of automobile energy use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering 219(D6):of perceptions of automobile energy use Julia Silvis † Wayneof perceptions of automobile energy use Julia Silvis

Silvis, Julia; Leighty, Wayne; Karner, Alex

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Walking and Automobile Traffic Near Schools: Data to SUpport An Evaluation Of School Pedestrian Safety Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anderson Walking And Automobile Traffic Near Schools: Dataof many pedestrian-automobile conflicts both on public roadsthe unique nature of both automobile and walking travel near

Anderson, Craig L MPH, PhD; Boarnet, Marlon G.; McMillan, Tracy; Alfonzo, Mariela; Day, Kristen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Spatial Mismatch or Automobile Mismatch? An Examination of Race, Residence and Commuting in US Metropolitan Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1473 Spatial Mismatch or Automobile Mismatch? An Examinationimplicitly acknowledged that automobile access, not commutear- eas. As a rule, automobile commutes are signi?cantly

Taylor, Brian D.; Ong, Paul M.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Understanding Sustainable Transportation Choices: Shifting Routine Automobile Travel to Walking and Bicycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and G.F. Ulfarsson. “Curbing Automobile Use for SustainableChanges in Respondent Automobile Mode Shares Under DifferentAutomobile .

Schneider, Robert James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Understanding Sustainable Transportation Choices: Shifting Routine Automobile Travel to Walking and Bicycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and G.F. Ulfarsson. “Curbing Automobile Use for Sustainablebe able to shift routine automobile travel to pedestrian andChanges in Respondent Automobile Mode Shares Under Different

Schneider, Robert James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Why Do Inner City Residents Pay Higher Premiums? The Determinants of Automobile Insurance Premiums  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Determinants of Automobile Insurance Premiums Paul M.The Determinants of Automobile Insurance Premiums Abstractplace-based component of automobile insurance premiums. We

Ong, Paul M.; Stoll, Michael A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cycle Analysis of New Automobile Technologies. Mass. Inst.Technologies in Automobiles. ” Aluminum Association. http://Consumption of New U.S. Automobiles by 2035. ” Massachusetts

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Socioeconomic Differences in Household Automobile Ownership Rates: Implications for Evacuation Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differences in 10 Household Automobile Ownership Rates:hauseltoldr lacking automobiles were mmit like! ) to be leftWithout 3 Access to an Automobile. Top Ten Metropolitan

Raphael, S; Berube, A; Deakin, Elizabeth

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Driven Wild: How the Fight Against Automobiles Launched the Modern Wilderness Movement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ubiquity of roads, automobiles, and consumerism that theWild: How the Fight Against Automobiles Launched the ModernWild: How the Fight Against Automobiles Launched the Modern

Sowards, Adam M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Cycle of Dependence: Automobiles, Accessibility, and the Evolution of the Transportation and Retail Hierarchies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Los Angeles and the Automobile: The Making of the ModernA Cycle of Dependence: Automobiles, Accessibility, and theA CYCLE OF DEPENDENCE: Automobiles, Accessibility, and the

Handy, Susan

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Slow speed object detection for haul trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Caterpillar integrates radar technology with its current camera based system. Caterpillar has developed the Integrated Object Detection System, a slow speed object detection system for mining haul trucks. Object detection is a system that aids the truck operator's awareness of their surroundings. The system consists of a color touch screen display along with medium- and short-range radar as well as cameras, harnesses and mounting hardware. It is integrated into the truck's Work Area Vision System (WAVS). After field testing in 2007, system commercialization began in 2008. Prototype systems are in operation in Australia, Utah and Arizona and the Integrated Object Detection System will be available in the fourth quarter of 2009 and on production trucks 785C, 789C, 793D and 797B. The article is adapted from a presentation by Mark Richards of Caterpillar to the Haulage & Loading 2009 conference, May, held in Phoenix, AZ. 1 fig., 5 photos.

NONE

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

Water by truck in Mexico City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supply of water to urban households by tanker truck in developing and advanced developing countries is often associated with early stages of urbanization or with the private markets on which water vendors serve households ...

Pike, Jill (Jill Susan)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MI. [EEA 2006] Emission Inventory Guidebook, ActivitiesVolume I: National Lighting Inventory and Energy ConsumptionPaving: April 2001; Emission Inventory Improvement Program,

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile exhausts demonstration Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics 91 Unsere Motivation Trotz intensiver Bemhungen der Automobil- Summary: Unsere Motivation Trotz intensiver Bemhungen der Automobil- hersteller...

110

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobiles by motive power Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Information Sciences 3 Unsere Motivation Trotz intensiver Bemhungen der Automobil- Summary: Unsere Motivation Trotz intensiver Bemhungen der Automobil- hersteller...

111

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobiles for the physically handicapped...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering ; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 98 Kompetenzzentrum fr Automobil-und Industrieelektronik Summary: Kompetenzzentrum fr Automobil- und...

112

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile engineers Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Center (CFADC) Collection: Plasma Physics and Fusion 34 Kompetenzzentrum fr Automobil-und Industrieelektronik Summary: Kompetenzzentrum fr Automobil- und...

113

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile accessories assessment Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Queen's University (Kingston) Collection: Engineering 64 Kompetenzzentrum fr Automobil-und Industrieelektronik Summary: Kompetenzzentrum fr Automobil- und...

114

OHA-Beispiel --Automobil-Kommunikationsbus Peter B. Ladkin 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KAPITEL 9 OHA-Beispiel -- Automobil-Kommunikationsbus Peter B. Ladkin 2010 9.1 Introduction analyses #12;172 9 OHA-Beispiel -- Automobil-Kommunikationsbus of mechanical system components, whose

Ladkin, Peter B.

115

Automobile safety regulation : technological change and regulatory process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report examines the history of automobile safety regulation since 1966, viewed as an attempt to substitute public decisions on the design of new automobiles for private decisions. The focus of the

Lorang, Philip Alphonse

116

INFRARED THERMAL IMAGING OF AUTOMOBILES: Identification of Cold Start Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INFRARED THERMAL IMAGING OF AUTOMOBILES: Identification of Cold Start Vehicles Angela M. Monateri at the infrared image from an automobile. ·The camera was set up with a FEAT 3000 unit to compare emissions vs

Denver, University of

117

Selected problems in automobile dealership accounting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OhONO JCNh$1$ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a ~ ~ ~ oe Al lIIe 005lOFILl WOLOk' 0 SSXSRN 8hNCo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ so SELECTED PROHLENS IN AUTONOSILE DEALERSHIP ACCOJNTIl& CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION In many respeots the automobile dealer is the proto type... of the 1ndependent small bus1ness man. Pew autoaobile dealers operate on a oapital of less than $2$, 000, and in many small towns, the leading automobile healer is the largest in4ependent business msn. Yet few dealerships go beyond the range of a small...

Simmons, Douglas Lee

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Assessment of Out-of-State Heavy-Duty Truck Activity Trends In California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

haul” trucks. These trucks tend to be the newest (median model year of 2004), have higher average fuel economy,

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Life Cycle Assessment Practices: Benchmarking Selected European Automobile Manufacturers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Life Cycle Assessment Practices: Benchmarking Selected European Automobile Manufacturers Jean in the automobile industry where vehicle manufacturers (OEMs) are launching several new or re- vamped models each year. The automobile industry is therefore a very emblematic sector for best practices of LCA

Boyer, Edmond

120

Modeling and Optimizing Ergonomic Activities in Automobile Product Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling and Optimizing Ergonomic Activities in Automobile Product Development João Ferreira Anna.silva@acm.org Abstract We collect ergonomic rules and normative rules considerations for automobile business and modeled these activities with a special UML language created for automobile business, VDML (Vehicle Development Modeling

da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

WHEELS: A CONVERSATIONAL SYSTEM IN THE AUTOMOBILE CLASSIFIEDS DOMAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WHEELS: A CONVERSATIONAL SYSTEM IN THE AUTOMOBILE CLASSIFIEDS DOMAIN Helen Meng, Senis WHEELS is a conversational system which provides access to a database of eletronic automobile classified users to search through a database of 5,000 automobile classifieds. The current end-to-end system can re

122

The Formation and Persistence of Automobile Brand Preferences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Formation and Persistence of Automobile Brand Preferences Soren T. Anderson Michigan State preferences in the automobile market demonstrate strong persistence, which im- plies that market conditions empirical evidence that (1) individuals tend to choose the same brand of automobile again and again

Silver, Whendee

123

Active Automobile Engine Vibration Analysis Technical Report Number 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active Automobile Engine Vibration Analysis Technical Report Number 1 Page 1 of 26 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT: Distribution authorized to all. Active Automobile Engine Vibration Analysis Technical Report at the University of Southern California #12;Active Automobile Engine Vibration Analysis Technical Report Number 1

Levi, Anthony F. J.

124

Measuring Accessibility by Automobile Report # 11 in the series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring Accessibility by Automobile Report # 11 in the series Access to Destinations Study Report by Automobile March 2010 6. 7. Author(s) 8. Performing Organization Report No. David Levinson, Bernadette Marion measures for the Twin Cities region that measure accessibility by the automobile mode over the period from

Levinson, David M.

125

Heavy Truck Clean Diesel Cooperative Research Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the final report for the Department of Energy on the Heavy Truck Engine Program (Contract No. DE-FC05-00OR22806) also known as Heavy Truck Clean Diesel (HTCD) Program. Originally, this was scoped to be a $38M project over 5 years, to be 50/50 co-funded by DOE and Caterpillar. The program started in June 2000. During the program the timeline was extended to a sixth year. The program completed in December 2006. The program goal was to develop and demonstrate the technologies required to enable compliance with the 2007 and 2010 (0.2g/bhph NOx, 0.01g/bhph PM) on-highway emission standards for Heavy Duty Trucks in the US with improvements in fuel efficiency compared to today's engines. Thermal efficiency improvement from a baseline of 43% to 50% was targeted.

Milam, David

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

126

HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING IN LABORATORY CONDITIONS HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING...

127

How to lighten trucks to haul bigger payloads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses how lighter truck components can be used wisely for the highway transportation of coal, with maintenance and costs in mind, to increase the hauling capacity of trucks.

Smiely, C.H.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Improved performance of railcar/rail truck interface components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turning moments around curved track, wear of truck components, and increased detrimental dynamic effects. The recommended improvement of the rail truck interface is a set of two steel inserts, one concave and one convex, that can be retrofit to center...

Story, Brett Alan

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Fact #787: July 8, 2013 Truck Stop Electrification Reduces Idle...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

7: July 8, 2013 Truck Stop Electrification Reduces Idle Fuel Consumption Fact 787: July 8, 2013 Truck Stop Electrification Reduces Idle Fuel Consumption The U.S. Department of...

130

Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Partners  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The 21st Century Truck Partnership is an industry-government collaboration among heavy-duty engine manufacturers, medium-duty and heavy-duty truck and bus manufacturers, heavy-duty hybrid...

131

Hamilton Truck Route Study Prepared for the City of Hamilton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hamilton Truck Route Study Prepared for the City of Hamilton March 2012 #12;#12;Hamilton Truck and Logistics McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario March 2012 mitl.mcmaster.ca #12;#12;McMaster Institute

Haykin, Simon

132

Curbside eating : mobilizing food trucks to activate public space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past 5 years, cities across the United States have seen the rise of a new form of street vending: the modern food truck. Nearly overnight, food trucks have become an expected and anticipated occurrence in many ...

Sheppard, Alison Marguerite

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Examining factors affecting the safety performance and design of exclusive truck facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

models were developed for truck-related (involving at least one truck and another vehicle), truck-only (two trucks or more) and single-truck crashes. The results suggested that the percentage of trucks in Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT...

Iragavarapu, Vichika

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

Automobiles on steroids: Product attribute trade-offs and technological progress in the automobile sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper estimates the technological progress that has occurred since 1980 in the automobile industry and the trade-offs faced when choosing between fuel economy, weight, and engine power characteristics. The results ...

Knittel, Christopher Roland

135

DOE Hydrogen Program Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Production EIA 2003 Base Case Extended Oil Consumption With Average Fuel Efficiency Automobile & Light Truck Oil Use U.S. Transportation Oil Consumption U.S. Refinery Capacity...

136

FY 2008 Progress Report for Lightweighting Materials - 3. Automotive...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

testing Introduction Ultra-Large Casting Rationale The majority of mass-market automobile and light truck body structures are constructed of sheet metal stampings fastened...

137

Driving Pattern Recognition for Control of Hybrid Electric Trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Driving Pattern Recognition for Control of Hybrid Electric Trucks CHAN-CHIAO LIN1 , SOONIL JEON2 strategy is to minimize fuel consumption and engine-out NOx and PM emissions on a set of diversified trucks. The 21st Century Truck program in the US, spearheaded by two government agencies, Department

Peng, Huei

138

Fuel Economy of the Light-Duty Vehicle Fleet (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The U.S. fleet of light-duty vehicles consists of cars and light trucks, including minivans, sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and trucks with gross vehicle weight less than 8,500 pounds. The fuel economy of light-duty vehicles is regulated by the (Corporate Average Fuel Economy) CAFE standards set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Currently, the CAFE standard is 27.5 miles per gallon (mpg) for cars and 20.7 mpg for light trucks. The most recent increase in the CAFE standard for cars was in 1990, and the most recent increase in the CAFE standard for light trucks was in 1996.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Recent trends in automobile recycling: An energy and economic assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent and anticipated trends in the material composition of domestic and imported automobiles and the increasing cost of landfilling the non-recyclable portion of automobiles (automobile shredder residue or ASR) pose questions about the future of automobile recycling. This report documents the findings of a study sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Analysis to examine the impacts of these and other relevant trends on the life-cycle energy consumption of automobiles and on the economic viability of the domestic automobile recycling industry. More specifically, the study (1) reviewed the status of the automobile recycling industry in the United States, including the current technologies used to process scrapped automobiles and the challenges facing the automobile recycling industry; (2) examined the current status and future trends of automobile recycling in Europe and Japan, with the objectives of identifying ``lessons learned`` and pinpointing differences between those areas and the United States; (3) developed estimates of the energy system impacts of the recycling status quo and projections of the probable energy impacts of alternative technical and institutional approaches to recycling; and (4) identified the key policy questions that will determine the future economic viability of automobile shredder facilities in the United States.

Curlee, T.R.; Das, S.; Rizy, C.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schexanyder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Solar Energy for Charging Fork Truck Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this price decrease in mind and does an economic study on the feasibility of using photovoltaic cells to charge electric fork lift trucks, at different costs per peak watt. This particular idea could be used as a measure of energy conservation for industrial...

Viljoen, T. A.; Turner, W. C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Fire Department Gets New Trucks, Saves Money  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

RICHLAND, Wash. – Last year, the Hanford Fire Department (HFD) set out to replace its aging chemical truck used for metal fires. Originally purchased to respond to potential incidents at the Fast Flux Test Facility, the 31-year-old vehicle was at the end of its lifecycle.

142

Life-cycle Energy and Emissions Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School Buses, Electric Buses, Chicago Rail, and New York City Rail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School 

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Examining factors affecting the safety performance and design of exclusive truck facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were used to establish a relationship between truck crashes and various environmental, geometric and traffic variables. Separate models were developed for truck-related (involving at least one truck and another vehicle), truck-only (two trucks... Table 1: Proposed selection criterion for truck treatments (Middleton et al., 2006).......... 7 Table 2: Revised design vehicle dimensions to accommodate trucks in roadway design (Harwood et al., 2003...

Iragavarapu, Vichika

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

144

Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conventional truck; the hydrogen fuel cell truck can improveconventional truck; the hydrogen fuel cell truck can improveLNG engines, fuel cell vehicles using hydrogen, and battery

Zhao, Hengbing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

FUEL ASSEMBLY SHAKER AND TRUCK TEST SIMULATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study continues the modeling support of the SNL shaker table task from 2013 and includes analysis of the SNL 2014 truck test campaign. Detailed finite element models of the fuel assembly surrogate used by SNL during testing form the basis of the modeling effort. Additional analysis was performed to characterize and filter the accelerometer data collected during the SNL testing. The detailed fuel assembly finite element model was modified to improve the performance and accuracy of the original surrogate fuel assembly model in an attempt to achieve a closer agreement with the low strains measured during testing. The revised model was used to recalculate the shaker table load response from the 2013 test campaign. As it happened, the results remained comparable to the values calculated with the original fuel assembly model. From this it is concluded that the original model was suitable for the task and the improvements to the model were not able to bring the calculated strain values down to the extremely low level recorded during testing. The model needs more precision to calculate strains that are so close to zero. The truck test load case had an even lower magnitude than the shaker table case. Strain gage data from the test was compared directly to locations on the model. Truck test strains were lower than the shaker table case, but the model achieved a better relative agreement of 100-200 microstrains (or 0.0001-0.0002 mm/mm). The truck test data included a number of accelerometers at various locations on the truck bed, surrogate basket, and surrogate fuel assembly. This set of accelerometers allowed an evaluation of the dynamics of the conveyance system used in testing. It was discovered that the dynamic load transference through the conveyance has a strong frequency-range dependency. This suggests that different conveyance configurations could behave differently and transmit different magnitudes of loads to the fuel even when travelling down the same road at the same speed. It is recommended that the SNL conveyance system used in testing be characterized through modal analysis and frequency response analysis to provide context and assist in the interpretation of the strain data that was collected during the truck test campaign.

Klymyshyn, Nicholas A.; Jensen, Philip J.; Sanborn, Scott E.; Hanson, Brady D.

2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

146

Mobile Truck Stop Electrification Site Locator  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DiggFederalNationalandElectric-driveMobile Truck Stop

147

Emissions Reductions as a Result of Automobile Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emissions Reductions as a Result of Automobile Improvement S A J A L S . P O K H A R E L , G A R Y emissions of automobile fleets in Denver for 13 years and in two other U.S. cities for 5 years. Analysis of these fleets shows that newer automobiles, during a period of fairly constant new car standards, have become

Denver, University of

148

Advanced Technology Light Duty Diesel Aftertreatment System ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Approach to Low Temperature NOx Emission Abatement Cummins' Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel Engine ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

149

Ann Occup Hyg . Author manuscript Asbestos-related diseases in automobile mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ann Occup Hyg . Author manuscript Page /1 7 Asbestos-related diseases in automobile mechanics Abstract Purpose Automobile mechanics have been exposed to asbestos number of automobile mechanics, little is known about the non-malignant respiratory diseases observed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

150

Better Lucky Than Rich? Welfare Analysis of Automobile License Allocations in Beijing and Shanghai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Better Lucky Than Rich? Welfare Analysis of Automobile License Allocations in Beijing and Shanghai externalities from automobile use than a uniform price auction, the advantage is offset by the significant automobile sales in China grew from 2.4 millio

Schweik, Charles M.

151

Testing Advantageous Selection by Hidden Action: Evidence from Automobile Liability Insurance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing Advantageous Selection by Hidden Action: Evidence from Automobile Liability Insurance Selection by Hidden Action: Evidence from Automobile Liability Insurance Abstract This paper examines advantageous selection in automobile liability insurance from the approach with hidden action, which argues

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

152

Who is Exposed to Gas Prices? How Gasoline Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Who is Exposed to Gas Prices? How Gasoline Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships Abstract Many consumers are keenly aware, by contrast, we investigate how gasoline prices affect the automobile industry: manufacturers and dealerships

Rothman, Daniel

153

Mind the Gap: The Vicious Circle of Measuring Automobile Fuel Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K. DoIan, Fuel Prices, Automobile Fuel Economy, Fuel Use foruse for the Norwegian automobile fuel during the periodL. Sehipper, Modelling Automobile Travel De- mand, Institute

Schipper, Lee; Figueroa, Maria J.; Price, Lynn; Espey, Molly

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Sustainable Transportation: The Future of the Automobile in an Environmentally Constrained World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~rclc of Measur- ing Automobile Fuel Use", Ener~, Pohcy 21(O 1994 "Measunng Long-Run Automobile Fuet Demandand PohcyThe Future of the Automobile in an Environmentally

Schipper, Lee; Deakin, Elizabeth; Sperling, Daniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

A Cycle of Dependence: Automobiles, Accessibility, and the Evolution of the Transportation and Retail Hierarchies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Los Angeles and the Automobile: The Making of the ModernA CYCLE OF DEPENDENCE: Automobiles, Accessibility, and theThis paper explores how the automobile has indirectly led to

Handy, Susan

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

SuperTruck Program: Engine Project Review | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Program: Engine Project Review SuperTruck Program: Engine Project Review 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

157

NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastruct...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vehicle Technologies Program Review Presentation NJ COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS REFUSE TRUCKS, SHUTTLE BUSES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Chuck Feinberg, Principal Investigator New Jersey Clean...

158

WORKSHOP REPORT: Trucks and Heavy-Duty Vehicles Technical Requirements...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Heavy-Duty Vehicles Technical Requirements and Gaps for Lightweight and Propulsion Materials WORKSHOP REPORT: Trucks and Heavy-Duty Vehicles Technical Requirements and Gaps for...

159

21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 Report...

160

21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of Supporting Information - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Rollover analysis of rotary mode core sampler truck No. 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides estimate of limiting speed and rollover analysis of rotary mode core sampler truck No. 2 (RMCST No. 2).

Ziada, H.H.

1994-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

162

VP 100: Producing Electric Truck Vehicles with a Little Something...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Truck Vehicles with a Little Something Extra Kevin Craft What does this mean for me? Smith Electric Vehicles included in Vice President's report on 100 Recovery Act Projects...

163

Very High Fuel Economy, Heavy Duty Truck, Narrow Range Speed...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Heavy Duty Truck, Narrow Range Speed Engine, Optimized Via Unique Energy Recovery Turbines and Facilitated by High Efficiency Continuously Variable Drivetrain Very High Fuel...

164

Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Drayage Truck Replacement Program  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Drayage Truck Replacement Program Principal Investigator: Vicki White South Coast Air Quality Management District May 16, 2012 Project ID ARRAVT045 This...

165

High Fuel Economy Heavy-Duty Truck Engine  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information ACE060 High Fuel Economy Heavy Duty Truck Engine Overview Timeline October 2007 - October 2011 Barriers...

166

Zero Emission Heavy Duty Drayage Truck Demonstration | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Zero Emission Heavy Duty Drayage Truck Demonstration 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

167

Truck Essential Power Systems Efficiency Improvements for Medium-Duty Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With a variety of hybrid vehicles available in the passenger car market, electric technologies and components of that scale are becoming readily available. Commercial vehicle segments have lagged behind passenger car markets, leaving opportunities for component and system development. Escalating fuel prices impact all markets and provide motivation for OEMs, suppliers, customers, and end-users to seek new techniques and technologies to deliver reduced fuel consumption. The research presented here specifically targets the medium-duty (MD), Class 4-7, truck market with technologies aimed at reducing fuel consumption. These technologies could facilitate not only idle, but also parasitic load reductions. The development efforts here build upon the success of the More Electric Truck (MET) demonstration program at Caterpillar Inc. Employing a variety of electric accessories, the MET demonstrated the improvement seen with such technologies on a Class 8 truck. The Truck Essential Power Systems Efficiency Improvements for Medium-Duty Trucks (TEPS) team scaled the concepts and successes of MET to a MD chassis. The team designed an integrated starter/generator (ISG) package and energy storage system (ESS), explored ways to replace belt and gear-driven accessory systems, and developed supervisory control algorithms to direct the usage of the generated electricity and system behavior on the vehicle. All of these systems needed to fit within the footprint of a MD vehicle and be compatible with the existing conventional systems to the largest extent possible. The overall goal of this effort was to demonstrate a reduction in fuel consumption across the drive cycle, including during idle periods, through truck electrification. Furthermore, the team sought to evaluate the benefits of charging the energy storage system during vehicle braking. The vehicle features an array of electric accessories facilitating on-demand, variable actuation. Removal of these accessories from the belt or geartrain of the engine yields efficiency improvements for the engine while freeing those accessories to perform at their individual peak efficiencies to meet instantaneous demand. The net result is a systems approach to fuel usage optimization. Unique control algorithms were specifically developed to capitalize on the flexibility afforded by the TEPS architecture. Moreover, the TEPS truck technology mixture exhibits a means to supplant current accessory power sources such as on-board or trailer-mounted gasoline-powered generators or air compressors. Such functionality further enhances the value of the electric systems beyond the fuel savings alone. To demonstrate the fuel economy improvement wrought via the TEPS components, vehicle fuel economy testing was performed on the nearly stock (baseline) truck and the TEPS truck. Table 1 illustrates the fuel economy gains produced by the TEPS truck electrification. While the fuel economy results shown in Table 1 do reflect specific test conditions, they show that electrification of accessory hardware can yield significant fuel savings. In this case, the savings equated to a 15 percent reduction in fuel consumption during controlled on-road testing. Truck electrification allows engine shutdown during idle conditions as well as independent on-demand actuation of accessory systems. In some cases, independent actuation may even include lack of operation, a feature not always present in mechanically driven components. This combination of attributes allows significant improvements in system efficiency and the fuel economy improvements demonstrated by the TEPS team.

Larry Slone; Jeffery Birkel

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

168

Assessing the impact of regulation and deregulation on the rail and trucking industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(cont.) Many Class I railroads disappeared and severe competition bankrupted many small carriers in the trucking industry. Larger trucking carriers gained market dominance. Real wages in the trucking industry fell. The ...

Lowtan, Donavan M. (Donavan Mahees), 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Environmental implications of trade liberalization on North American transport services: the case of the trucking sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

drayage ?eet is older. Line-haul trucks in the US and Mexicoacross the border. Line-haul trucks then pick up theand older than line-haul trucks and tend to produce higher

Fernandez, Linda

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap document for 21st Century Truck...

171

DOE SuperTruck utilizes ORNL technology to boost fuel economy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Media Relations 865.574.4165 DOE SuperTruck utilizes ORNL technology to boost fuel economy DOE SuperTruck DOE SuperTruck (hi-res image) Listen to the audio The Department of...

172

Understanding Sustainable Transportation Choices: Shifting Routine Automobile Travel to Walking and Bicycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s urvey res pondents wa s : Automobil e = 639 (67%), Wa lk =2) Tra vel dis ta nce by automobil e repres ents the es ti

Schneider, Robert James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Author's personal copy Forcing technological change: A case of automobile emissions control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Forcing technological change: A case of automobile emissions control their research and development (R&D) processes concerning automobile emissions control technologies amid

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - american automobile association Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

automobile association Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: american automobile association Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Werner Steimle,...

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile black boxes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile black boxes Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Detecting Automobiles and People for...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile management application Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile management application Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 FUTURES OF AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile front panel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile front panel Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 FUTURES OF AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY AND...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile emission control Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile emission control Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Melbourne Automobile Emissions Study...

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile insurance Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile insurance Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 CURAC Group Automobile and Property Insurance...

180

Heavy-duty truck population, activity and usage patterns. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the study was to update the heavy-duty truck (HDT) population, activity (e.g., vehicle miles traveled (VMT), numbers of starts and trips, trip duration, etc.), and usage patterns type of service/business (e.g., delivery, construction, etc.), area of operation (i.e., local, short-haul, long-haul) for HDT`s registered and/or operated in California. The population and activity estimates were done on a weight-class-specific basis light-heavy-duty, medium-heavy-duty and heavy-heavy-duty. Population, activity and usage estimates were based primarily on Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) registration data and Truck Inventory and Usage Survey (TIUS) data. In addition to the analysis of existing data (i.e., DMV and TIUS), 42 HDTs were fitted with on-board data loggers that recorded numbers of trips and starts, daily VMT and travel by time-of-day.

Fischer, M.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Photocatalytic destruction of automobile exhaust emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides contained in automobile exhaust emissions are among the major atmospheric air pollutants. During the first few minutes of a cold start of the engine, the emission levels of unburned hydrocarbon and CO pollutants are very high due to the inefficiency of the cold engine and the poor activity of the catalysts lower temperatures. Therefore, it is necessary to provide an alternative approach to deal with this specific problem in order to meet near-term regulatory requirements. Our approach has been to use known photocatalytic reactions obtainable on semiconducting powders such as titanium dioxide. In this presentation we describe our recent studies aimed at the photocatalytic reduction of unburned hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide in automobile exhaust emissions. Our results demonstrate the effective destruction of propylene into water and carbon dioxide. The conversion was found to be dependent on the propylene flow rate. The reaction rate was studied as a function of time, humidity and temperature. The effect of the power of the UV source on conversion will also be presented.

Kaviranta, P.D.; Peden, C.H.F. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Mechanical properties of radial truck tires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

determination of static properties of tire load vs. tire deflection and tire load vs. tire footprint area for radial and wide base radial truck tires is described and results are discussed. Determination of transmissibility for a conventional radial and a... (right) 12 13 15 Figure 7: Sidewall bulge measurement 16 Figure 8: Load vs. deflection; 385/65R22. 5 wide base tire tested at 90 psi inflation pressure 20 Figure 9: Load vs. deflection; 385/65R22. 5 wide base tire tested at 100 psi inflation...

Wasti, Mansoor-ul-Hassan

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

NREL: Transportation Research - Truck Platooning Testing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andData andFleet Test and Evaluation PhotoSystemsTransportationTruck

184

Heavy-Duty Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Heavy-Duty Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy Heavy-Duty Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction...

185

SciTech Connect: Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of a Surrogate Fuel Assembly. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of a Surrogate Fuel...

186

Cummins Improving Pick-Up Truck Engine Efficiency with DOE and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

better fuel economy. | Photo courtesy of Cummins. Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with Nissan and Cummins Collaboration Cummins Improving Pick-Up Truck...

187

Electric Boosting System for Light Truck/SUV Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Turbo diesel engine use in passenger cars in Europe has resulted in 30-50% improvement in fuel economy. Diesel engine application is particularly suitable for US because of vehicle size and duty cycle patterns. Adopting this technology for use in the US presents two issues--emissions and driveability. Emissions reduction technology is being well addressed with advanced turbocharging, fuel injection and catalytic aftertreatment systems. One way to address driveability is to eliminate turbo lag and increase low speed torque. Electrically assisted turbocharging concepts incorporated in e-TurboTM designs do both. The purpose of this project is to design and develop an electrically assisted turbocharger, e-TurboTM, for diesel engine use in the US. In this report, early design and development of electrical assist technology is described together with issues and potential benefits. In this early phase a mathematical model was developed and verified. The model was used in a sensitivity study. The results of the sensitivity study together with the design and test of first generation hardware was fed into second generation designs. In order to fully realize the benefits of electrical assist technology it was necessary to expand the scope of work to include technology on the compressor side as well as electronic controls concepts. The results of the expanded scope of work are also reported here. In the first instance, designs and hardware were developed for a small engine to quantify and demonstrate benefits. The turbo size was such that it could be applied in a bi-turbo configuration to an SUV sized V engine. Mathematical simulation was used to quantify the possible benefits in an SUV application. It is shown that low speed torque can be increased to get the high performance expected in US, automatic transmission vehicles. It is also shown that e-TurboTM can be used to generate modest amounts of electrical power and supplement the alternator under most load-speed conditions. It is shown that a single (large) e-TurboTM consumes slightly less electrical power for the same steady state torque shaping than a bi-Turbo configuration. However, the transient response of a bi-Turbo configuration in slightly better. It was shown that in order to make full use of additional capabilities of e-TurboTM wide compressor flow range is required. Variable geometry compressor (VGC) technology developed under a separate project was evaluated for incorporation into e-TurboTM designs. It was shown that the combination of these two technologies enables very high torque at low engine speeds. Designs and hardware combining VGC and e-TurboTM are to be developed in a future project. There is concern about high power demands (even though momentary) of e-TurboTM. Reducing the inertia of the turbocharger can reduce power demand and increase battery life. Low inertia turbocharger technology called IBT developed under a separate project was evaluated for synergy with e-TurboTM designs. It was concluded that inertial reduction provided by IBT is very beneficial for e-TurboTM. Designs and hardware combining IBT and e-TurboTM are to be developed in a future project. e-TurboTM provides several additional flexibilities including exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) for emissions reduction with minimum fuel economy penalty and exhaust temperature control for aftertreatment. In integrated multi-parameter control system is needed to realize the full potential of e-TurboTM performance. Honeywell expertise in process control systems involving hundreds of sensors and actuators was applied to demonstrate the potential benefits of multi-parameter, model based control systems.

Steve Arnold, Craig Balis, Pierre Barthelet, Etienne Poix, Tariq Samad, Greg Hampson, S.M. Shahed

2005-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

188

Ten Years of Development Experience with Advanced Light Truck Diesel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy StrainClientDesignOffice -Template for a ComprehensiveEngines |

189

Thermoelectrical Energy Recovery From the Exhaust of a Light Truck |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment ofPowered

190

Progress in Thermoelectrical Energy Recovery from a Light Truck Exhaust |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d FNEPA/309Department ofDepartment ofProgram(S3TEC ) | Department

191

Cummins Light Truck Clean Diesel | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebratePartners with Siemens onSite

192

Can the Trucking Industry Benefit From Distance-Based Fees?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital cost: $129 billion (over 30 years); today's reconstruction cost estimate: $1.3 to $2.5 trillion trucks pay more · Neither trucks nor cars pay for most cost externalities · Estimated THF revenues: $32B and other highways Comments: · Initial capital and ongoing maintenance costs were paid for · The system

Minnesota, University of

193

Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF) Oak Ridge National Laboratory at the wholesaler/distributor level or below. This presents additional challenges in tracking untaxed fuel after approved ORNL's plan to conduct a Phase II Pilot Test titled Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale

194

Anti-Idling Battery for Truck Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In accordance to the Assistance Agreement DE-EE0001036, the objective of this project was to develop an advanced high voltage lithium-ion battery for use in an all-electric HVAC system for Class-7-8 heavy duty trucks. This system will help heavy duty truck drivers meet the tough new anti-idling laws being implemented by over 23 states. Quallion will be partnering with a major OEM supplier of HVAC systems to develop this system. The major OEM supplier will provide Quallion the necessary interface requirements and HVAC hardware to ensure successful testing of the all-electric system. At the end of the program, Quallion will deliver test data on three (3) batteries as well as test data for the prototype HVAC system. The objectives of the program are: (1) Battery Development - Objective 1 - Define battery and electronics specifications in preparation for building the prototype module. (Completed - summary included in report) and Objective 2 - Establish a functional prototype battery and characterize three batteries in-house. (Completed - photos and data included in report); (2) HVAC Development - Objective 1 - Collaborate with manufacturers to define HVAC components, layout, and electronics in preparation for establishing the prototype system. (Completed - photos and data included in report) and Objective 2 - Acquire components for three functional prototypes for use by Quallion. (Completed - photos and data included in report).

Keith Kelly

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

195

REAL-TIME DISPATCHING OF GUIDED AND UNGUIDED AUTOMOBILE SERVICE UNITS WITH SOFT TIME WINDOWS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REAL-TIME DISPATCHING OF GUIDED AND UNGUIDED AUTOMOBILE SERVICE UNITS WITH SOFT TIME WINDOWS SVEN O that are no worse than 1% from optimum on state-of-the-art personal computers. 1. INTRODUCTION The German Automobile Association ADAC (Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobil- Club), the second largest automobile club worldwide

Krumke, Sven O.

196

REALTIME DISPATCHING OF GUIDED AND UNGUIDED AUTOMOBILE SERVICE UNITS WITH SOFT TIME WINDOWS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REAL­TIME DISPATCHING OF GUIDED AND UNGUIDED AUTOMOBILE SERVICE UNITS WITH SOFT TIME WINDOWS SVEN O that are no worse than 1% from optimum on state­of­the­art personal computers. 1. INTRODUCTION The German Automobile Association ADAC (Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobil­ Club), the second largest automobile club worldwide

Krumke, Sven O.

197

National Deployment Strategy for Truck Stop Electrification Josias Zietsman, Ph.D., P.E.*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,000 long-haul trucks operating in the United States (2). The U.S. Department of Transportation mandates that drivers spend resting and sleeping in the cabs of their trucks. As a consequence, long-haul truck driversNational Deployment Strategy for Truck Stop Electrification by Josias Zietsman, Ph.D., P

198

The use of onboard diagnostics to reduce emissions in automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emissions from automobiles are very harmful and include gases such as Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide, and Sulfur Dioxide. One of the main reasons OBD was created was to control emissions however it currently only monitors ...

Perez, Alberto, Jr

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Pricing and Proposal Model for the SNOW Automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

jobs awarded to ensure competitiveness. Ideas on marketing are addressed such as providing a yearly maintenance plan option, creating atmosphere automobile brochures specific to different regions of the world, and proactively meeting with engineers...

Henry, Shawn P.

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

200

Association of automobile passenger transportation and economic growth in Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) (Nember) January 1969 ABSTRACT Association cf Automobile Passenger Transportation and Economic Growth in Japan. (January 1969) Teruhiko Boric, B. A. , &faseda University Directed by: Dr. ~felvin L. Greenhut In order to evaluate the growth... of Japanese post-war passenger transportation, a comparative study of the U. S. passenger transporta- ti. on development between 1910 and 1940 has been made. The growth rate of automobile ownership prior to the Great Depression is larger than the rate...

Horie, Teruhiko

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Les populations priurbaines face l'automobile en grande couronne francilienne Population and automobile dependence in the outer suburbs of Paris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Les populations périurbaines face à l'automobile en grande couronne francilienne Population and automobile dependence in the outer suburbs of Paris Titre courant : les populations périurbaines face à l'automobile se propose d'identifier si l'automobile qui a participé au développement des espaces périurbains et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

202

Supercomputers, Semi Trucks and America's Clean Energy Future...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

South Carolina and Georgia, the BMI corporation, has used the Jaguar to develop some aerodynamic components that can be attached to the undercarriage of a semi truck to reduce wind...

203

SuperTruck Team Achieves 115% Freight Efficiency Improvement...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

per gallon (MPG). Increasing the efficiency of Class 8 trucks is essential because they haul 80 percent of the goods in the U.S. and use about 20 percent of the fuel consumed in...

204

Dual-Fuel Truck Fleet: Start-Up Experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although dual-fuel engine technology has been in development and limited use for several years, it has only recently moved toward full-scale operational capability for heavy-duty truck applications. Unlike a bifuel engine, which has two separate fuel systems that are used one at a time, a dual-fuel engine uses two fuel systems simultaneously. One of California's South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) current programs is a demonstration of dual-fuel engine technology in heavy-duty trucks. These trucks are being studied as part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Alternative Fuel Truck Program. This report describes the start-up experience from the program.

NREL

1998-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

205

Design Considerations for a PEM Fuel Cell Powered Truck APU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performed a study on PEM fuel cell APUs. Based upon previousConsiderations for a PEM Fuel Cell Powered Truck APU Davidsuccessfully demonstrated a PEM fuel cell APU on a Century

Grupp, David J; Forrest, Matthew E.; Mader, Pippin G.; Brodrick, Christie-Joy; Miller, Marshall; Dwyer, Harry A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Life-cycle Energy and Emissions Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School Buses, Electric Buses, Chicago Rail, and New York City Rail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School  Buses, Electric for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School Buses, Electric Life?cycle Model of an Automobile.  Environmental Science & 

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Shorepower Truck Electrification Project (STEP) - 2013 (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is evaluating and documenting the use of shorepower at 50 planned American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)-funded truck stop electrification sites across the nation. Trucks participating in the study have idle-reduction equipment installed that was purchased with rebates through the ARRA. A total of 5,000 rebates will be approved.

Not Available

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Liquefied Natural Gas for Trucks and Buses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is being developed as a heavy vehicle fuel. The reason for developing LNG is to reduce our dependency on imported oil by eliminating technical and costs barriers associated with its usage. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has a program, currently in its third year, to develop and advance cost-effective technologies for operating and refueling natural gas-fueled heavy vehicles (Class 7-8 trucks). The objectives of the DOE Natural Gas Vehicle Systems Program are to achieve market penetration by reducing vehicle conversion and fuel costs, to increase consumer acceptance by improving the reliability and efficiency, and to improve air quality by reducing tailpipe emissions. One way to reduce fuel costs is to develop new supplies of cheap natural gas. Significant progress is being made towards developing more energy-efficient, low-cost, small-scale natural gas liquefiers for exploiting alternative sources of natural gas such as from landfill and remote gas sites. In particular, the DOE program provides funds for research and development in the areas of; natural gas clean up, LNG production, advanced vehicle onboard storage tanks, improved fuel delivery systems and LNG market strategies. In general, the program seeks to integrate the individual components being developed into complete systems, and then demonstrate the technology to establish technical and economic feasibility. The paper also reviews the importance of cryogenics in designing LNG fuel delivery systems.

James Wegrzyn; Michael Gurevich

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

209

New Automobile Regulations: Double the Fuel Economy, Half the CO2 Emissions, and Even Automakers Like It  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lead-Time: The Case of US Automobile Greenhouse Gas EmissionNew Automobile Regulations Double the Fuel Economy, Half thephysics of the modern automobile involve an uphill battle to

Lutsey, Nic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Indiana: Improving Diesel Engine Performance for Trucks  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Cummins, the world's largest diesel engine manufacturer, received funds from EERE to research advanced engine technology for heavy-duty and light-duty vehicles.

211

Acceptance test report for core sample trucks 3 and 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Acceptance Test Report is to provide documentation for the acceptance testing of the rotary mode core sample trucks 3 and 4, designated as HO-68K-4600 and HO-68K-4647, respectively. This report conforms to the guidelines established in WHC-IP-1026, ``Engineering Practice Guidelines,`` Appendix M, ``Acceptance Test Procedures and Reports.`` Rotary mode core sample trucks 3 and 4 were based upon the design of the second core sample truck (HO-68K-4345) which was constructed to implement rotary mode sampling of the waste tanks at Hanford. Successful completion of acceptance testing on June 30, 1995 verified that all design requirements were met. This report is divided into four sections, beginning with general information. Acceptance testing was performed on trucks 3 and 4 during the months of March through June, 1995. All testing was performed at the ``Rock Slinger`` test site in the 200 West area. The sequence of testing was determined by equipment availability, and the initial revision of the Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) was used for both trucks. Testing was directed by ICF-KH, with the support of WHC Characterization Equipment Engineering and Characterization Project Operations. Testing was completed per the ATP without discrepancies or deviations, except as noted.

Corbett, J.E.

1996-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

212

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 1 Gary A. Bishop.1 According to Heywood2 , carbon monoxide emissions from automobiles are at a maximum when the air

Denver, University of

213

Boise State University Automobile Use Mileage Log (Documentation for Business Miles)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boise State University Automobile Use Mileage Log (Documentation for Business Miles) Rev. 03 University Automobile Use Mileage Log (Documentation for Business Miles) Rev. 03/10 PAGE ____ (IF YOU NEED

Barrash, Warren

214

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 1 Peter J. Popp, Sajal S to Heywood,2 carbon monoxide emissions from automobiles are at a maximum when the air/fuel ratio is rich

Denver, University of

215

DRIVING IN FORCE: WHY THE U.S. MILITARY COMMUTES BY AUTOMOBILE1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DRIVING IN FORCE: WHY THE U.S. MILITARY COMMUTES BY AUTOMOBILE1 Geoffrey M. Morrison Institute explores the U.S. military's preference for commuting by automobile. After controlling for typical

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

216

Foreign Direct Investment, Intra-organizational Proximity, and Technological Capability: The Case of China's Automobile Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of China's Automobile Industry by Kyung-Min Nam B.S., Urban Planning and Engineering, Yonsei University Capability: The Case of China's Automobile Industry by Kyung-Min Nam Submitted to the Department of Urban

217

TRB 05-1336 The Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRB 05-1336 The Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination November 16, 2004 Word of 1975. The program requires automobile producers to meet fleet average fuel economy standards set

218

Analysis of Automobile Travel Demand Elasticities with Respect to Travel Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Automobile Travel Demand Elasticities with Respect to Travel Cost Oak Ridge National relationships between automobile travel demand and cost to analyze the elasticities of the demand for personal

219

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 2 Peter J. Popp, Gary A from automobiles are at a maximum when the air/fuel ratio is rich of stoichiometric, and are caused

Denver, University of

220

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 1 Gary A. Bishop, Sajal S to the national emission inventory.1 According to Heywood2 , carbon monoxide emissions from automobiles

Denver, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 1 Peter J. Popp, Gary A.1 Carbon monoxide emissions from automobiles are at a maximum when the air/fuel ratio is rich

Denver, University of

222

Buzzz n 3 avril 2007 Campagne de sensibilisation sur la pollution automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Buzzz n° 3 avril 2007 Campagne de sensibilisation sur la pollution automobile A la Faculté des affiches et des tracts d'information sur la pollution automobile. "Sur le premier kilomètre, une voiture

Jeanjean, Louis

223

Hybrid GPS-GSM Localization of Automobile Tracking System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An integrated GPS-GSM system is proposed to track vehicles using Google Earth application. The remote module has a GPS mounted on the moving vehicle to identify its current position, and to be transferred by GSM with other parameters acquired by the automobile's data port as an SMS to a recipient station. The received GPS coordinates are filtered using a Kalman filter to enhance the accuracy of measured position. After data processing, Google Earth application is used to view the current location and status of each vehicle. This goal of this system is to manage fleet, police automobiles distribution and car theft cautions.

Al-Khedher, Mohammad A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Transit accessibility as a determinant of automobile ownership  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRAN IT ACCESSIBILITY AS A DETER'AINANT OF AUTOMOBILE CNKEESHIP A Thesis by Robert Tc~'nsend Dunphy Submi'ted to th= Graduate College of Texas A&M Oniversity in partial fulfillment cf the reguirement for rhe degree o. . HASTEN OF SCIENCE... point in time, thon ii. may be ?s-ibis to c;ange thc numlser of automobiles owned in a region by i', a! =' g major changes in transit accessibility. ACKN OWL EDGE 1'ZEN TS I am deeply indebted to the Metropolitan washington Council of Governments...

Dunphy, Robert Townsend

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Effect of Weight and Roadway Grade on the Fuel Economy of Class-8 Frieght Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2006-08, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in collaboration with several industry partners, collected real-world performance and situational data for long-haul operations of Class-8 trucks from a fleet engaged in normal freight operations. Such data and information are useful to support Class-8 modeling of combination truck performance, technology evaluation efforts for energy efficiency, and to provide a means of accounting for real-world driving performance within combination truck research and analyses. The present study used the real-world information collected in that project to analyze the effects that vehicle speed and vehicle weight have on the fuel efficiency of Class-8 trucks. The analysis focused on two type of terrains, flat (roadway grades ranging from -1% to 1%) and mild uphill terrains (roadway grades ranging from 1% to 3%), which together covered more than 70% of the miles logged in the 2006-08 project (note: almost 2/3 of the distance traveled on mild uphill terrains was on terrains with 1% to 2% grades). In the flat-terrain case, the results of the study showed that for light and medium loads, fuel efficiency decreases considerably as speed increases. For medium-heavy and heavy loads (total vehicle weight larger than 65,000 lb), fuel efficiency tends to increase as the vehicle speed increases from 55 mph up to about 58-60 mph. For speeds higher than 60 mph, fuel efficiency decreases at an almost constant rate with increasing speed. At any given speed, fuel efficiency decreases and vehicle weight increases, although the relationship between fuel efficiency and vehicle weight is not linear, especially for vehicle weights above 65,000 lb. The analysis of the information collected while the vehicles were traveling on mild upslope terrains showed that the fuel efficiency of Class-8 trucks decreases abruptly with vehicle weight ranging from light loads up to medium-heavy loads. After that, increases in the vehicle weight only decrease fuel efficiency slightly. Fuel efficiency also decreases significantly with speed, but only for light and medium loads. For medium-heavy and heavy, FE is almost constant for speeds ranging from 57 to about 66 mph. For speeds higher than 66 mph, the FE decreases with speed, but at a lower rate than for light and medium loads. Statistical analyses that compared the fuel efficiencies obtained when the vehicles were traveling at 59 mph vs. those achieved when they were traveling at 65 mph or 70 mph indicated that the former were, on average, higher than the latter. This result was statistically significant at the 99.9% confidence level (note: the Type II error i.e., the probability of failing to reject the null hypothesis when the alternative hypothesis is true was 18% and 6%, respectively).

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Davidson, Diane [ORNL

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

A Quantum Leap for Heavy-Duty Truck Engine Efficiency - Hybrid...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Quantum Leap for Heavy-Duty Truck Engine Efficiency - Hybrid Power System of Diesel and WHR-ORC Engines A Quantum Leap for Heavy-Duty Truck Engine Efficiency - Hybrid Power...

227

Ann Arbor's New Recycling Trucks Get an 'Assist' from Clean Cities...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

four recycling trucks with hydraulic hybrid power systems implemented by Ohio-based Eaton Corporation. For these trucks, which make up to 1,200 stops each day, the Hydraulic...

228

Real-World Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a MY2010 Diesel Truck...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Real-World Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a MY2010 Diesel Truck Traveling Across the Continental United States Real-World Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a MY2010 Diesel Truck...

229

Depuis les annes 1950, le recours l'automobile pour de courts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Depuis les années 1950, le recours à l'automobile pour de courts trajets quotidiens ne cesse de elles seules, à réduire le recours à l'automobile. La question se pose alors de cerner les conditions permettant de changer le comportement en matière de choix modal (bus ou automobile) : le station- nement ne

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

230

Hydrogen and chloride ions effects on the automobile interstitial-free steel corrosion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Hydrogen and chloride ions effects on the automobile interstitial-free steel corrosion L.Q. Guo 1 abilities of deep formability and fatigue resistance [1,2]. As the main material of the automobile's body. The high susceptibility to atmospheric corrosion limits the automobile steel applications. Although

Volinsky, Alex A.

231

FUTURES OF AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY AND CHALLENGES ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND MOBILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUTURES OF AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY AND CHALLENGES ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND MOBILITY BRANDÃ?O MONIZ for the next 10 to 20 years. But this exercise can not be focus only on the technical aspects of the automobile of the automobile industry, on the steps that should be taken and on the visions about technological needs

Boyer, Edmond

232

Environ. Sci. Technol. 1994, 28, 1370-1374 Automobile Emissions Are Statistically y-Distributed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environ. Sci. Technol. 1994, 28, 1370-1374 Automobile Emissions Are Statistically y-Distributed Yi on remote sensing data sets show that on-road automobile CO and HC emission distributions are well Automobile emissions such as CO, HC, NO,, and other toxicairpollutants play important rolesinurban pollution

Denver, University of

233

An Inexpensive and Robust GPS/INS Attitude System for Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Inexpensive and Robust GPS/INS Attitude System for Automobiles Santiago Alban, Stanford-cost and robust GPS/INS attitude system for automobiles, and deep integration of INS systems with GPS tracking loops. ABSTRACT Many of the sophisticated control systems of modern automobiles require measurements

Stanford University

234

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6, January 2007 Gary A 80208 June 2007 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6 1-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6 2 INTRODUCTION Many cities

Denver, University of

235

FuelEff&PhysicsAutosSanders FUEL EFFICIENCY AND THE PHYSICS OF AUTOMOBILES1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FuelEff&PhysicsAutosSanders 1 FUEL EFFICIENCY AND THE PHYSICS OF AUTOMOBILES1 Marc Ross, Physics in the operation of a modern automobile are expressed in terms of simple algebraic approximations. One purpose-engine thermodynamic efficiency, and engine and transmission frictions. The analysis applies to today's automobiles

Edwards, Paul N.

236

A New Driving Assistant for Automobiles Fred Yu, Bozena Kaminska and Pawel Gburzynski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Driving Assistant for Automobiles Fred Yu, Bozena Kaminska and Pawel Gburzynski School in the United States alone, approximately six millions automobiles accidents take place [1]. A great portion of these automobile accidents is caused by the drivers' lack of concentration while operating their vehicles. Some

Gburzynski, Pawel

237

Development of painting technology using plasma surface technology for automobile parts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of painting technology using plasma surface technology for automobile parts C.-K. Jung of automobile parts is the surface treatment of polyolefin (Polypropylene (RX-2000)) bumper substrates. In order plasma treatment; Adhesion and wettability test 1. Introduction In the automobile industry a complex

Boo, Jin-Hyo

238

A Wireless Sensor-Based Driving Assistant for Automobiles Fred Yu, Bozena Kaminska, and Pawel Gburzynski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Wireless Sensor-Based Driving Assistant for Automobiles Fred Yu, Bozena Kaminska, and Pawel alone, approximately six million automobile accidents take place. In total, those accidents result 230 billion US dollars [1]. A large fraction of all automobile accidents is caused by the drivers

Gburzynski, Pawel

239

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 2 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions when the measurements were binned by model year. #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions

Denver, University of

240

Asbestos-related diseases in automobile mechanics Jacques Ameille, MD1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Asbestos-related diseases in automobile mechanics Jacques Ameille, MD1 , Nicole Rosenberg, MD2-related diseases in automobile mechanics Corresponding author Jacques Ameille, MD, Unité de pathologie plaques, automobile mechanics, HRCT inserm-00671970,version1-20Feb2012 Author manuscript, published

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4, November 2002 Gary A Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4 2 by 5 years

Denver, University of

242

Detecting Automobiles and People for Semantic Video Retrieval Rene Visser Nicu Sebe Michael S. Lew  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detecting Automobiles and People for Semantic Video Retrieval Rene Visser Nicu Sebe Michael S. Lew for detecting automobiles and people in streaming or archived video. Our video object tracking system is based automobiles and people in complex real scenes. The detection of people is also different than face detection

Sebe, Nicu

243

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 5,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 5, November 2004 Gary A, Suite 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-9 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile campaigns.14 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 5 2 INTRODUCTION

Denver, University of

244

Etude du choix d'acquisition d'automobiles : Application du modle probit multinomial baysien  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Etude du choix d'acquisition d'automobiles : Application du modèle probit multinomial bayésien à l comportementale du choix individuel des agents lors d'une nouvelle acquisition automobile. En croisant les trois, Motorisation, Automobile. Classification JEL : C11 ; C25 Correspondance à : Roger Collet, INRETS/DEST, 2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

245

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 3 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions a slight negative dependence on #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area

Denver, University of

246

DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE OF A ROBUST GPS/INS ATTITUDE SYSTEM FOR AUTOMOBILE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE OF A ROBUST GPS/INS ATTITUDE SYSTEM FOR AUTOMOBILE APPLICATIONS cars has led to a growing number of GPS applications in the automobile industry. In addition of an inexpensive and ro- bust attitude system based on GPS and inertial sensors, suitable for use in automobiles

Stanford University

247

Socioeconomic Differences in Household Automobile Ownership Rates: Implications for Evacuation Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Socioeconomic Differences in Household Automobile Ownership Rates: Implications for Evacuation's aftermath concerned the size and composition of the area's populations that lacked access to an automobile for all U.S. metropolitan areas that reside in a household without access to an automobile. Finally, we

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

248

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 5,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 5, January 2005 Gary A, Suite 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-9 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile campaigns.13 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 5 2 INTRODUCTION

Denver, University of

249

MATERIAL AND ENERGY BENEFICIATION OF THE AUTOMOBILE SHREDDER , S. Guignot1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATERIAL AND ENERGY BENEFICIATION OF THE AUTOMOBILE SHREDDER RESIDUES N. Menad1 N. Kanari2 , S, Nancy-University, ENSG, BP 40, 54501 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France. Keywords: automobile shredder, called automobile shredder residue "ASR" represents about 20-25% of the ELV. The ASR, while toxic enough

Boyer, Edmond

250

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the LaBrea Area: Year 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the LaBrea Area: Year 2 Mitchell J. Williams 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions compared to the standard error of the mean measurements. #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions

Denver, University of

251

Journal of Transportation Engineering Modelling Automobile Driver's Toll-Lane Choice Behaviour at a Toll Plaza  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Transportation Engineering Modelling Automobile Driver's Toll-Lane Choice Behaviour at a Toll Plaza --Manuscript Draft-- Manuscript Number: TEENG-1181R3 Full Title: Modelling Automobile Driver to develop a random utility based discrete multinomial choice model for the behaviour of automobile drivers

Kundu, Debasis

252

Virtual City Portal A Multi-Network Personal Information System for Automobile Users1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Virtual City Portal ­ A Multi-Network Personal Information System for Automobile Users1 Richard the Virtual City Portal prototype that is developed within the SOFTNET project. The system allows automobile of information and entertainment services in an automobile environment poses certain requirements on system

Bruegge, Bernd

253

Project Startup: Evaluating Coca-Cola's Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Delivery Trucks (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fact sheet describing the project startup for evaluating Coca-Cola's Class 8 hybrid-electric delivery trucks.

Not Available

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Heavy-Duty Truck Idling Characteristics: Results from a Nationwide Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel consumption long-heul for trucks. CONCLUSIONS This study provides an enhanced understanding of long-haul

Lutsey, Nicholas P.; Brodrick, Christie-Joy; Sperling, Dan; Oglesby, Carollyn

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

The market for large rigid haul trucks in surface mining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Originally published in 2001 this updated report provides a definition of the market for large rigid haulers in surface mining. The analysis covers changes to the mining market segments buying these machines including the gains made by coal producers, retrenchment in copper mining, the consolidation taking place among gold mining companies, and the expansion of iron ore producers in Australia and Brazil. It includes a detailed accounting of 2001 truck shipments, and an analysis of trends in the Ultra-truck segment. It concludes with a revised forecast for shipments through 2006. 12 charts, 56 tabs., 2 apps.

Gilewicz, P.

2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

ORNL/TM-2008/122 Class-8 Heavy Truck Duty Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................................................2 1.1.2 Heavy Truck Long-Haul OperationsORNL/TM-2008/122 Class-8 Heavy Truck Duty Cycle Project Final Report December 2008 Prepared by Mary Government or any agency thereof. #12;ORNL/TM-2008/122 Vehicle Systems Program CLASS-8 HEAVY TRUCK DUTY CYCLE

257

Major Long Haul Truck Idling Generators in Key States ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Major Long Haul Truck Idling Generators in Key States 1013776 #12;#12;ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH-0813 USA 800.313.3774 650.855.2121 askepri@epri.com www.epri.com Major Long Haul Truck Idling Generators Haul Truck Idling Generators in Key States. EPRI, Palo Alto, CA: 2008. 1013776. #12;#12;v PRODUCT

258

Definition and Evaluation of Bus and Truck Automation Operations Concepts: Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel efficiency Higher system capacity Rural Truck-AHS Long-haulhaul other companies’ trucks or just trailers; scheduled AHS Hauling services Better fuelhaul on some freight corridors (expedited Bus and Truck AHS – Final Report to California PATH Mainline Operations: Fuel

Taso, H. S. Jacob; Botha, Jan L.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

CoolCab: Reducing Thermal Loads in Long-Haul Trucks (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes how the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's CoolCab project tested and modeled the effects of several thermal-load reduction strategies applied to long-haul truck cabs. NREL partnered with two major truck manufacturers to evaluate three long-haul trucks at NREL's outdoor test facility in Golden, Colorado.

Not Available

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Truck Stop Electrification as a Strategy To Reduce Greenhouse Gases, Fuel Consumption and Pollutant Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Truck Stop Electrification as a Strategy To Reduce Greenhouse Gases, Fuel Consumption and Pollutant, Schneider, Lee, Bubbosh 2 ABSTRACT Extended truck idling is a very large source of fuel wastage, greenhouse, most long-haul truck drivers idle their vehicles for close to 10 hours per day to operate heating

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

On-Road Remote Sensing of Heavy-duty Diesel Truck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Road Remote Sensing of Heavy-duty Diesel Truck Emissions in the Austin- San Marcos Area: August, HC, and NO to CO2 and to get percent opacity readings for heavy-duty diesel trucks with elevated. The fleet of these heavy-duty diesel trucks exhibits a distribution that is close to normal where the top 20

Denver, University of

262

The Effects of Altitude on Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck On-Road  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Effects of Altitude on Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck On-Road Emissions G A R Y A . B I S H O P , * J oxide from 5772 heavy-duty diesel trucks at five locations in the United States and Europe show slightly health risk (2). These and other factors have brought new attention to diesel truck emissions. Because

Denver, University of

263

TRB 08-1311 Link-Based Emission Factors for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRB 08-1311 Link-Based Emission Factors for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Based on Real-World Data H and Zhai 1 ABSTRACT Heavy-duty diesel vehicles contribute a substantial fraction of nitrogen oxides unloaded trucks. Replacing diesel fuel with biodiesel fuel for heavy-duty trucks may reduce tailpipe

Frey, H. Christopher

264

Simulated fuel economy and emissions performance during city and interstate driving for a heavy-duty hybrid truck  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compare simulated fuel economy and emissions for both conventional and hybrid class 8 heavy-duty diesel trucks operating over multiple urban and highway driving cycles. Both light and heavy freight loads were considered, and all simulations included full aftertreatment for NOx and particulate emissions controls. The aftertreatment components included a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), urea-selective catalytic NOx reduction (SCR), and a catalyzed diesel particulate filter (DPF). Our simulated hybrid powertrain was configured with a pre-transmission parallel drive, with a single electric motor between the clutch and gearbox. A conventional HD truck with equivalent diesel engine and aftertreatment was also simulated for comparison. Our results indicate that hybridization can significantly increase HD fuel economy and improve emissions control in city driving. However, there is less potential hybridization benefit for HD highway driving. A major factor behind the reduced hybridization benefit for highway driving is that there are fewer opportunities to utilize regenerative breaking. Our aftertreatment simulations indicate that opportunities for passive DPF regeneration are much greater for both hybrid and conventional trucks during highway driving due to higher sustained exhaust temperatures. When passive DPF regeneration is extensively utilized, the fuel penalty for particulate control is virtually eliminated, except for the 0.4%-0.9% fuel penalty associated with the slightly higher exhaust backpressure.

Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Pihl, Josh A [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

RESULTSRESULTS Assisted in selection of APU mounting configuration on truck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subcomponents, using actual frame-rail data as vibration input from truck · Enabled measurement location Motion Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit (APU): Dynamic ModelingFuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit (APU@coe.eng.ua.edu OBJECTIVESOBJECTIVES ·Develop a computer model to predict the vibratory response of the fuel cell APU components ·Use

Carver, Jeffrey C.

266

Secteur publique (universit, InrIa, InSEE, ministres) et secteur priv (industrie : aronautique, automobile, militaire,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, automobile, militaire, services, banques, finances et assurances) Semestre 1 · Mécanique des fluides

Daveau, Christian

267

Esercitazione del 21 marzo 2003 Progetto del sistema di controllo di vibrazione per la sospensione di un'automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

di un'automobile (sospensione attiva) Il sistema raffigurato rappresenta lo schema semplificato pneumatico-ammortizzatore-telaio di un'automobile. Il sistema è caratterizzato dalla massa equivalente M dell'automobile esercitare sulla ruota e sul telaio dell'automobile e come azione disturbante d il profilo dell'asperità del

Monaco, Salvatore

268

Esercitazione del 7 marzo 2003 Progetto del sistema di controllo di vibrazione per la sospensione di un'automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

di un'automobile (sospensione attiva) Il sistema raffigurato rappresenta lo schema semplificato pneumatico-ammortizzatore-telaio di un'automobile. Il sistema è caratterizzato dalla massa equivalente M dell'automobile esercitare sulla ruota e sul telaio dell'automobile e come azione disturbante d il profilo dell'asperità del

Monaco, Salvatore

269

Esercitazione del 14 febbraio 2003 Progetto del sistema di controllo di vibrazione per la sospensione di un'automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sospensione di un'automobile (sospensione attiva) Il sistema raffigurato rappresenta lo schema semplificato pneumatico-ammortizzatore-telaio di un'automobile. Il sistema è caratterizzato dalla massa equivalente M dell'automobile esercitare sulla ruota e sul telaio dell'automobile e come azione disturbante d il profilo dell'asperità del

Monaco, Salvatore

270

Esercitazione del 28 febbraio 2003 Progetto del sistema di controllo di vibrazione per la sospensione di un'automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sospensione di un'automobile (sospensione attiva) Il sistema raffigurato rappresenta lo schema semplificato pneumatico-ammortizzatore-telaio di un'automobile. Il sistema è caratterizzato dalla massa equivalente M dell'automobile esercitare sulla ruota e sul telaio dell'automobile e come azione disturbante d il profilo dell'asperità del

Monaco, Salvatore

271

Development of a Waste Heat Recovery System for Light Duty Diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Light Duty Diesel Engines A Quantum Leap for Heavy-Duty Truck Engine Efficiency - Hybrid Power System of Diesel and WHR-ORC Engines High Efficiency Engine Systems Development and...

272

Experimental Measurement of the Flow Field of Heavy Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flat flaps that enclose the trailer base on the sides and top are known to reduce truck drag and reduce fuel consumption. Such flapped-truck geometries have been studied in laboratory wind tunnels and in field tests. A recent review of wind tunnel data for a variety of truck geometries and flow Reynolds numbers show roughly similar values of peak drag reduction, but differ in the determination of the optimum flap angle. Optimum angles lie in the range 12 degrees-20 degrees, and may be sensitive to Reynolds number and truck geometry. The present field test is undertaken to provide additional estimates of the magnitude of the savings to be expected on a typical truck for five flap angles 10, 13, 16, 19, and 22 degrees. The flaps are constructed from a fiberglass-epoxy-matrix material and are one-quarter of the base width in length (about 61 cm, or 2 feet). They are attached along the rear door hinge lines on either side of the trailer, so that no gap appears at the joint between the flap and the side of the trailer The flap angle is adjusted by means of two aluminum supports. The present test is performed on the NASA Crows Landing Flight Facility at the northern end of the San Joaquin valley in California. The main runway is approximately 2400 meters in length, and is aligned approximately in a north-south direction The test procedure is to make a series of runs starting at either end of the runway. All runs are initiated under computer control to accelerate the truck to a target speed of 60 mph (96 6 km/hr), to proceed at the target speed for a fixed distance, and to decelerate at the far end of the runway. During a run, the broadcast fuel rate, the engine rpm, forward speed, elapsed time--as well as several other parameters (10 in all)--are digitized at a rate of 100 digitizations per second. Various flapped-conditions are interspersed with the ''no flaps'' control, and are sequenced in a different order on different days. Approximately 310 runs are accumulated over the 5-day test period, May 17-21, 2004. The runway slopes rather uniformly upward from north-to-south. Over the distance of 2424 meters between our two ''start'' markers at either end of the runway, the net change in elevation is a little over ten meters. Test results clearly show the greater fuel consumption required to lift the truck against gravity in the southbound direction For this reason, it is important that the tests be averaged over a round trip circuit--that is, a run in both directions over the identical portion of the roadway. Northbound-southbound averages require an overlap segment of the runway (near the middle of the runway) where the truck--starting from either end--has achieved its target speed. For the target truck speed of 60 mph, this overlap region is approximately 700 meters in length. Typically a run and the return run are accomplished within a time interval of 6 minutes. Analysis of the data show fuel consumption savings at all flap angle settings tested, when compared to the ''no flaps'' condition. The most beneficial flap angle appears to be 13 degrees, for which the fuel consumption is 0.3778 {+-} 0.0025 liters/km compared to the ''no flaps'' control of 0.3941 {+-} 0.0034 liters/km. The error bounds expressed above mark the 99% confidence interval in the mean values given. That is, additional estimates of the mean fuel consumption would be expected to lie within the bounds given, approximately 99% of the time. The fuel consumption saving is--to reasonable accuracy--about 1.63 liters/100 kilometers. These savings represent the increment associated only with the change in drag due to the presence or absence of flaps. The result will hold for any truck of similar size and shape and engine performance regardless of the loading of the truck or the rolling resistance. The economy achieved by use of base flaps can be compared to the economy resulting from driving two trucks in a tandem configuration. In December 2003, such fuel consumption tests were performed at the same Crows Landing testsite. In the tests, two identical trucks are ope

Fred Browand; Charles Radovich

2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

273

Fuel Cell-Powered Lift Truck Fleet Deployment Projects Final Technical Report May 2014  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objectives of this project were to evaluate the performance, operability and safety of fork lift trucks powered by fuel cells in large distribution centers. This was accomplished by replacing the batteries in over 350 lift trucks with fuel cells at five distribution centers operated by GENCO. The annual cost savings of lift trucks powered by fuel cell power units was between $2,400 and $5,300 per truck compared to battery powered lift trucks, excluding DOE contributions. The greatest savings were in fueling labor costs where a fuel cell powered lift truck could be fueled in a few minutes per day compared to over an hour for battery powered lift trucks which required removal and replacement of batteries. Lift truck operators where generally very satisfied with the performance of the fuel cell power units, primarily because there was no reduction in power over the duration of a shift as experienced with battery powered lift trucks. The operators also appreciated the fast and easy fueling compared to the effort and potential risk of injury associated with switching heavy batteries in and out of lift trucks. There were no safety issues with the fueling or operation of the fuel cells. Although maintenance costs for the fuel cells were higher than for batteries, these costs are expected to decrease significantly in the next generation of fuel cells, making them even more cost effective.

Klingler, James J [GENCO Infrastructure Solutions, Inc.] [GENCO Infrastructure Solutions, Inc.

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

274

U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY--MINERALS INFORMATION 1 PLATINUM-GROUP METALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or copper. The major PGM mining countries are, in converters of automobiles and light trucks, where average price for unfabricated platinum commissioning of a base metal refinery adjacent to the smelter

275

The ethanol heavy-duty truck fleet demonstration project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was designed to test and demonstrate the use of a high- percentage ethanol-blended fuel in a fleet of heavy-duty, over-the- road trucks, paying particular attention to emissions, performance, and repair and maintenance costs. This project also represents the first public demonstration of the use of ethanol fuels as a viable alternative to conventional diesel fuel in heavy-duty engines.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Emissions from Trucks using Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) catalytic conversion process can be used to synthesize diesel fuels from a variety of feedstocks, including coal, natural gas and biomass. Synthetic diesel fuels can have very low sulfur and aromatic content, and excellent autoignition characteristics. Moreover, Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuels may also be economically competitive with California B- diesel fuel if produced in large volumes. overview of Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuel production and engine emissions testing is presented. Previous engine laboratory tests indicate that F-T diesel is a promising alternative fuel because it can be used in unmodified diesel engines, and substantial exhaust emissions reductions can be realized. The authors have performed preliminary tests to assess the real-world performance of F-T diesel fuels in heavy-duty trucks. Seven White-GMC Class 8 trucks equipped with Caterpillar 10.3 liter engines were tested using F-T diesel fuel. Vehicle emissions tests were performed using West Virginia University's unique transportable chassis dynamometer. The trucks were found to perform adequately on neat F-T diesel fuel. Compared to a California diesel fuel baseline, neat F-T diesel fuel emitted about 12% lower oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and 24% lower particulate matter over a five-mile driving cycle.

Paul Norton; Keith Vertin; Brent Bailey; Nigel N. Clark; Donald W. Lyons; Stephen Goguen; James Eberhardt

1998-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

277

CONOMIE ET STATISTIQUE N 457-458, 201298 L'automobile est parfois perue comme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;�CONOMIE ET STATISTIQUE N° 457-458, 201298 L'automobile est parfois perçue comme emblématique d'équipement et aux consommations matérielles (Gartman, 1991). Il est ainsi parfois avancé que l'automobile ne- nismes socio-économiques. L'automobile est de ce fait souvent prise comme exemple d'un bien dont les

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

278

Distribution automobile en Europe et concurrence : le point de vue de l'conomiste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Distribution automobile en Europe et concurrence : le point de vue de l'économiste Philippe BARBET Professeur d'économie à l'université de Paris XIII1 Le secteur de la distribution automobile en'emploi. Les dépenses liées à l'automobile représentent selon l'INSEE entre 10,5 à 11 % du budget des ménages

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

279

LE CASSE-TTE DE L'ETAT CHINOIS : ENCOURAGER LA CONSOMMATION AUTOMOBILE EN DECOURAGEANT LA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LE CASSE-T�TE DE L'ETAT CHINOIS : ENCOURAGER LA CONSOMMATION AUTOMOBILE EN DECOURAGEANT LA CONSOMMATION D'ENERGIE Julien ALLAIRE1 Revue de l'énergie n°564 Février 2005 Résumé: Le marché automobile article nous revenons sur les dynamiques du marché automobile chinois depuis le nouveau millénaire. Nous

Boyer, Edmond

280

Infrastructures et nergie Quelle place pour l'automobile dans la mutation des villes chinoises ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infrastructures et énergie 219 Quelle place pour l'automobile dans la mutation des villes chinoises Dans les années quatre-vingt, le gouvernement chinois a décidé de se doter d'une industrie automobile à manufacturières qu'il considérait comme les piliers de l'économie nationale : le secteur automobile, la machinerie

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

From plant to dealer : improving route optimization for outbound vehicle distribution at an automobile manufacturer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With rising fuel costs and increasing rates among specialized shipping carriers, cost mitigation in outbound distribution is increasingly important for automobile manufacturers. Many manufacturers have turned to specialized, ...

Katcoff, Elizabeth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2012 Assistive Pet Loading Device for Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Automobiles Overview The main purpose of this project is to design and build a prototype of a new pet ramp

Demirel, Melik C.

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobiles Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wissenschaftlichen In- Summary: ffnen wird. ZUM GELEIT Geleitwort des Rektors Automobil- und Motorentechnik haben in Stuttgart und... Baden-Wrttemberg eine lange...

284

A comparative financial analysis of the automobile and public transportation in London  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automobile systems and public transportation are often organized separately within government structure inhibiting a comparative analysis between the two modes. Further complicating the comparison is that in public ...

Kothari, Tejus Jitendra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile driving Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- pects of driving automation. Stand 7 CLUSTER 1 Wrzburger 23. und 24. November Automobil Gipfel 12;... : The innovation consists of perdicting driver intentionality from...

286

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile ownership Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- pects of driving automation. Stand 7 CLUSTER 1 Wrzburger 23. und 24. November Automobil Gipfel 12; Source: Beauchemin, Steven S. - Department of Computer Science,...

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile efficiency standards Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile efficiency standards Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Links and Abstracts for Papers on...

288

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile regulacion sobre Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile regulacion sobre Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Todos debemos trabajar unidos Summary:...

289

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile fuel economy Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile fuel economy Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 BERKELEY CATALYSIS CENTER November 11, 2005...

290

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile manufacturing plant Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile manufacturing plant Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Welding Technology Program Director:...

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile foundry workers Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile foundry workers Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 TECHNICAL POLLUTION PREVENTION GUIDE For...

292

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile parts industry Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile parts industry Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Welding Technology Program Director: Bob...

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile repair shops Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile repair shops Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Program Director: Jim Headlee Phone:...

294

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile emission inspectors Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile emission inspectors Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Department of Mathematics MAL...

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile rack cars Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile rack cars Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Mechanical Engineering Department Seminar...

296

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile travel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile travel Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 APPLICATION FOR A GRADUATE STUDENT TRAVEL GRANT...

297

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile shredder residue Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile shredder residue Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 NASHVILLE INCINERATOR PERFORMANCE TESTS...

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobiles by type Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dans la socit luxembourgeoise. Ainsi, la nationalit, l'instar du type d... automobile au Grand-Duch de Luxembourg 1POPULATION & TERRITOIRE N11 Mai 2007 POPULATION &...

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile catalyst recycling Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile catalyst recycling Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 SUPPLIERS WITHIN AN ECOLOGICALLY...

300

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile dealers Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile dealers Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 University of Florida | Journal of Undergraduate...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile restraint systems Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile restraint systems Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Quantitative Evaluation of...

302

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile tires final Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile tires final Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 VEHICLE FUEL Informing Consumers, Summary:...

303

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile exhaust condensate Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile exhaust condensate Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 EAS 6795 Atmospheric Aerosols...

304

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile navigation systems Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile navigation systems Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Development of Outdoor Navigation for...

305

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile part manufacturers Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile part manufacturers Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Welding Technology Program Director:...

306

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile exhaust gas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to Reduce Air Pollution Summary: Air Pollution MEASUREMENT OF SELECTED AIR POLLUTANTS IN CAR EXHAUST INTRODUCTION Automobile engines... going through the converter....

307

FUEL CONSUMPTION AND COST SAVINGS OF CLASS 8 HEAVY-DUTY TRUCKS POWERED BY NATURAL GAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compare the fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of natural gas and diesel heavy-duty (HD) class 8 trucks under consistent simulated drive cycle conditions. Our study included both conventional and hybrid HD trucks operating with either natural gas or diesel engines, and we compare the resulting simulated fuel efficiencies, fuel costs, and payback periods. While trucks powered by natural gas engines have lower fuel economy, their CO2 emissions and costs are lower than comparable diesel trucks. Both diesel and natural gas powered hybrid trucks have significantly improved fuel economy, reasonable cost savings and payback time, and lower CO2 emissions under city driving conditions. However, under freeway-dominant driving conditions, the overall benefits of hybridization are considerably less. Based on payback period alone, non-hybrid natural gas trucks appear to be the most economic option for both urban and freeway driving environments.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL] [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL] [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL] [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals and Teams  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fuel efficiency in heavy trucks depends on a number of factors associated with the truck and its components. The top figure shows the power use inventory for a basic Class 8 tractor-trailer combination, listing its balance of fuel input, engine output, and tractive power (losses from aerodynamics, rolling resistance, and inertia). The power use inventory in this diagram highlights areas in which research efforts can lead to major benefits in truck fuel efficiency, including engine efficiency, aerodynamics, and rolling resistance.

309

DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Experiments DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint Experiments Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review 2008 on...

310

DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

D.C. vss14salari.pdf More Documents & Publications DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint Experiments and Computations Vehicle Technologies Office Merit...

311

DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Experiments and Computations DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint Experiments and Computations 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual...

312

Analysis of liquid natural gas as a truck fuel: a system dynamics approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the potential for growth in use of liquid natural gas (LNG) fueled trucks. . A system dynamics model was constructed for the analysis and a variety of scenarios were investigated. The analysis considers the economics of LNG fuel in the context of the trucking industry to identify barriers to the increased use of LNG trucks and potential interventions or leverage points which may overcome these barriers. The study showed that today, LNG use in trucks is not yet economically viable. A large change in the savings from fuel cost or capital cost is needed for the technology to take off. Fleet owners have no way now to benefit from the environmental benefits of LNG fuel nor do they benefit from the clean burning nature of the fuel. Changes in the fuel cost differential between diesel and LNG are not a research issue. However, quantifying the improvements in reliability and wear from the use of clean fuel could support increased maintenance and warranty periods. Many people involved in the use of LNG for trucks believe that LNG has the potential to occupy a niche within the larger diesel truck business. But if LNG in trucks can become economic, the spread of fuel stations and technology improvements could lead to LNG trucks becoming the dominant technology. An assumption in our simulation work is that LNG trucks will be purchased when economically attractive. None of the simulation results show LNG becoming economic but then only to the level of a niche market.

Bray, M.A.; Sebo, D.E.; Mason, T.L.; Mills, J.I.; Rice, R.E.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a Class 8 Line-Haul Truck, SAE 2010 Commercial VehicleHeavy-Duty Long Haul Combination Truck Fuel Consumption andhaul, and long haul driving cycles were constructed using truck

Zhao, Hengbing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heavy-Duty Long Haul Combination Truck Fuel Consumption andand fuel cell trucks over the day drive and the short and long hauland fuel cell trucks were modeled and simulated over the day drive, the short haul

Zhao, Hengbing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Gaze-eccentricity effects on automobile driving performance -or -Going where you look Wilson O Readinger1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gaze-eccentricity effects on automobile driving performance - or - Going where you look Wilson O to ride horses1 , ride a motorcycle2 , and race automobiles3 , provides anecdotal evidence that navigation

316

CAD AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT IN THE US AUTOMOBILE Based on Visits to Chrysler, General Motors, and Ford in the summer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

07/25/95 1 CAD AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT IN THE US AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY Based on Visits to Chrysler to create concepts and details of automobiles by America's Big 3. Some of the organizational issues

Whitney, Daniel

317

Zero emission passenger vehicles in tyhhe [sic] United States, anticipating future automobile industry trends based on stakeholder interview analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

My personal interest in automobile evolution is the primary motivation for this thesis. My engineering education and a fifteen year career in professional automobile racing were also inspired by personal passion for ...

German, Thomas M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

The 21st Century Truck Partnership | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy StrainClientDesignOfficeThe 21st Century Truck Partnership The

319

Diesel Trucks - Then and Now | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent(CRADA and DOW Automotive) | DepartmentTrucks - Then

320

Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the hybrid-electric diesel and LNG Class 8 trucks wereengine truck, diesel hybrid-electric, conventional LNGhybrid-electric vehicles with diesel and LNG engines, fuel

Zhao, Hengbing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

CURAC Group Automobile and Property Insurance We are pleased to remind all MUNPA members that CURAC, the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CURAC Group Automobile and Property Insurance We are pleased to remind all MUNPA members that CURAC Insurance Company to make available Group Automobile and Property Insurance to all members residing to 60% on your automobile and property premiums PLUS a CURAC Discount. · No interest or service charges

Warkentin, Ian G.

322

Dveloppement de l'usage des TICE et de leur utilisabilit dans les CFA du secteur automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Développement de l'usage des TICE et de leur « utilisabilité » dans les CFA du secteur automobile formation professionnelle dans le secteur de l'automobile, qui entre dans sa quatrième année. Les effets de systems in professional training; teachers training; diffusion and change management. Le contexte L'automobile

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

323

Understanding the catalytic conversion of automobile exhaust emissions using model catalysts: CO+NO reaction on Pd(111)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the catalytic conversion of automobile exhaust emissions using model catalysts: CO and the quantity of the exhaust gases originating from mobile sources such as automobile emissions by the automobile industry for emission control purposes due to its technical and economical advantages [2

Goodman, Wayne

324

LA REGULATION DU STATIONNEMENT ET DES CIRCULATIONS AUTOMOBILES EN VILLE : DES POLITIQUES SOUTERRAINES D'ATTRACTIVIT AU COTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LA REGULATION DU STATIONNEMENT ET DES CIRCULATIONS AUTOMOBILES EN VILLE : DES POLITIQUES circulations automobiles en ville et sur les ambitions partagées de ces politiques urbaines. Alors qu de l'automobile, nous souhaitons aborder la manière dont ces politiques urbaines prennent en compte

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

325

C2P2: A Peer-to-Peer Network for On-Demand Automobile Information Services Shahram Ghandeharizadeh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C2P2: A Peer-to-Peer Network for On-Demand Automobile Information Services Shahram Ghandeharizadeh vehicles. 1 Introduction Automobile manufacturers along with numerous science fiction movies envision smart elements of this vision in today's automobiles. For exam- ple, the current high-end navigation systems can

Krishnamachari, Bhaskar

326

Experimental Security Analysis of a Modern Automobile Karl Koscher, Alexei Czeskis, Franziska Roesner, Shwetak Patel, and Tadayoshi Kohno  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental Security Analysis of a Modern Automobile Karl Koscher, Alexei Czeskis, Franziska: {s,dlmccoy,brian,d8anders,hovav,savage}@cs.ucsd.edu Abstract--Modern automobiles are no longer mere evaluate these issues on a modern automobile and demonstrate the fragility of the underlying system

Hu, Fei

327

Study of Reasons for the Adoption of Lean Production in the Automobile Industry: Questions for the AEC Industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study of Reasons for the Adoption of Lean Production in the Automobile Industry: Questions IN THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY: QUESTIONS FOR THE AEC INDUSTRIES Scott Featherston1 ABSTRACT The primary intent in opting for an alternative? Were there pressures that gave automobile producers no option but to alter

Tommelein, Iris D.

328

Long Term Dynamics of Inequalities between French Households concerning Automobile COLLET, Roger; BOUCQ, Elise; MADRE, Jean-Loup; HIVERT, Laurent.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long Term Dynamics of Inequalities between French Households concerning Automobile COLLET, Roger TERM DYNAMICS OF INEQUALITIES BETWEEN FRENCH HOUSEHOLDS CONCERNING AUTOMOBILE Roger Collet, INRETS of automobile. As the curves representing car ownership (number of cars per adult) and car use (annual mileage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

329

MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO AUTOMOBILE DRIVING COMFORT: THE INFLUENCE OF VISUAL SETTING ON ASSESSMENTS OF VIBRO-ACOUSTIC COMFORT IN SIMULATORS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO AUTOMOBILE DRIVING COMFORT: THE INFLUENCE OF VISUAL SETTING ON ASSESSMENTS of an automobile cabin. Incorporating a visual scene with vibration and sound stimuli is one possible way to make the situation appear more realistic? Most of the studies available on automobile driving comfort

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

330

160,000-r/min, 2.7-kW Electric Drive of Supercharger for Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

160,000-r/min, 2.7-kW Electric Drive of Supercharger for Automobiles Toshihiko Noguchi, Senior synchronous motor drive for a supercharger of an automobile internal combustion engine. Conventional implementation in automobiles. In order to overcome the problems to achieve the above goals, a guideline

Fujimoto, Hiroshi

331

Materials for Automobile Bodies, by Geoff Davies Published by Elsevier, U. K., 2003, pp. 1277, $ 75.00  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Materials for Automobile Bodies, by Geoff Davies Published by Elsevier, U. K., 2003, pp. 1 of the future would be made of plastic. On a similar line, Japanese and American automobile manufacturers spent and economics. The entire range of automobiles is covered, from cars for the mass­markets to concept cars

Cambridge, University of

332

Contribution la connaissance de l'exposition en habitacle automobile Contribution to Knowledge of exposure in carpassenger compartments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contribution à la connaissance de l'exposition en habitacle automobile Contribution to Knowledge'habitacle automobile. Pour ce faire, un véhicule a été équipé de deux analyseurs de NOx (TEI), d'un analyseur de CO, automobile, exposition, particules ultrafines, Nox. Abstract 1) Objectives During a typical day a person

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

333

58 THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE www.joc.com JUNE 14.2010 TRUCKING ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

58 THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE www.joc.com JUNE 14.2010 TRUCKING ECONOMICS By Chris CapliceBy Chris.Andwithaprivatefleetexperiencing.Andwithaprivatefleetexperiencing.Andwithaprivatefl ofmorethan6,500trucks part, long-haul full truckload ship- ments. Most vendors are moving these loads using contracted, for

de Weck, Olivier L.

334

IMPACT OF TIRE AND AERODYNAMIC AIDS ON TRUCK PERFORMANCE ALONG UPGRADE SECTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPACT OF TIRE AND AERODYNAMIC AIDS ON TRUCK PERFORMANCE ALONG UPGRADE SECTIONS Hesham Rakha1 and aerodynamics aids on the truck acceleration behavior. The objectives of this paper are two-fold. First of vehicle tires, the vehicle's aerodynamic features, the percentage mass on the tractive axle

Rakha, Hesham A.

335

HEALTHY FOOD OUTSIDE: FARMERS' MARKETS, TACO TRUCKS, AND SIDEWALK FRUIT VENDORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEALTHY FOOD OUTSIDE: FARMERS' MARKETS, TACO TRUCKS, AND SIDEWALK FRUIT VENDORS Alfonso Morales FOOD OUTSIDE: FARMERS' MARKETS, TACO TRUCKS, AND SIDEWALK FRUIT VENDORS Alfonso Morales1 and Gregg College School of Law. #12;2009 Healthy Food Outside 21 INTRODUCTION One hundred years ago street vendors

Illinois at Chicago, University of

336

The impact of incentives on the use of toll roads by trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Unfortunately, the low profit margin in the trucking industry and the relatively high tolls truckers pay leads to their reluctance to use toll facilities. Incentives for truck use of a toll road, State Highway 130 (SH 130) near Austin, Texas, were analyzed...

Zhou, Lin

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

337

Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program, a government-industry research partnership  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 21st Century Truck Program has been established as a government-industry research partnership to support the development and implementation of commercially viable technologies that will dramatically cut fuel use and emissions of commercial trucks and buses while enhancing their safety and affordability as well as maintaining or enhancing performance. The innovations resulting from this program will reduce dependence on foreign oil, improve our nation's air quality, provide advanced technology for military vehicles, and enhance the competitiveness of the U.S. truck and bus industry while ensuring safe and affordable freight and bus transportation for the nation's economy. This Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program has been prepared to guide the development of the technical advancements that will enable the needed improvements in commercial truck fuel economy, emissions, and safety.

None

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Analysis of major trends in U.S. commercial trucking, 1977-2002.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on various major long-range (1977-2002) and intermediate-range (1982-2002) U.S. commercial trucking trends. The primary sources of data for this period were the U.S. Bureau of the Census Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey and Truck Inventory and Use Survey. In addition, selected 1977-2002 data from the U.S. Department of Energy/Energy Information Administration and from the U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration's Highway Statistics were used. The report analyzes (1) overall gasoline and diesel fuel consumption patterns by passenger vehicles and trucks and (2) the population changes and fuels used by all commercial truck classes by selected truck type (single unit or combination), during specified time periods, with cargo-hauling commercial trucks given special emphasis. It also assesses trends in selected vehicle miles traveled, gallons per vehicle miles traveled, and gallons per cargo ton-mile traveled, as well as the effect of cargo tons per truck on fuel consumption. In addition, the report examines long-range trends for related factors (e.g., long-haul mileages driven by heavy trucks) and their impacts on reducing fuel consumption per cargo-ton-mile and the relative shares of total commercial fuel use among truck classes. It identifies the effects of these trends on U.S. petroleum consumption. The report also discusses basic engineering design and performance, national legislation on interstate highway construction, national demographic trends (e.g., suburbanization), and changes in U.S. corporate operations requirements, and it highlights their impacts on both the long-distance hauling and shorter-distance urban and suburban delivery markets of the commercial trucking industry.

Bertram, K. M.; Santini, D .J.; Vyas, A. D.

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

339

Study of thermoelectric technology for automobile air conditioning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytical study was conducted to determine the feasibility of employing thermoelectric (TE) cooling technology in automobile air conditioners. The study addressed two key issues -- power requirements and availability of thermoelectric materials. In this paper, a mathematical model was developed to predict the performance of TE air conditioners and to analyze power consumption. Results show that the power required to deliver a cooling capacity of 4 kW (13,80 Btu/h) in a 38{degree}C (100{degree}F) environment will be 9.5 kW electric. Current TE modules suitable for air conditioning are made of bismuth telluride. The element tellurium is expected to be in short supply if TE cooling is widely implemented for auto air conditioning; some options available in this regard were studied and presented in this paper.

Mathiprakasam, B.; Heenan, P. (Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, MO (United States)); Mei, V.C.; Chen, F.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


342

Motion Planning in the Presence of Motling Obstacles 765 trajectories but cannot rotate. This problem has many applications to robot, automobile, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This problem has many applications to robot, automobile, and aircraft collision avoidance. Our main positive) Automobile Collision Avoidance. B is an automobile with an automatic steering system that must avoid collision with other automobiles with known trajectories on a highway. #12;766 J. REIF AND M. SHARIR (3

Reif, John H.

343

Stress analysis of jacks, frame and bearing connections, and drill rod for core sampler truck No. 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This analysis evaluates the structural design adequacy of several components and connections for the rotary mode core sampler truck (RMCST) No. 2. This analysis was requested by the Characterization Equipment Group (WHC 1994a). The components addressed in this report are listed below: front jack assembly and connection to the truck chassis; rear jack assembly and connection to the truck chassis; center outrigger jacks and connection to the truck chassis; lower frame assembly and connection to the truck chassis; bolt connections for bearing plate assembly (for path of maximum load); traverse slide brackets and mounting of the traverse jack cylinders; and drill rod (failure loads).

Ziada, H.H.

1995-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

344

Comparative Study of Hybrid Powertrains on Fuel Saving, Emissions, and Component Energy Loss in HD Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compared parallel and series hybrid powertrains on fuel economy, component energy loss, and emissions control in Class 8 trucks over both city and highway driving. A comprehensive set of component models describing battery energy, engine fuel efficiency, emissions control, and power demand interactions for heavy duty (HD) hybrids has been integrated with parallel and series hybrid Class 8 trucks in order to identify the technical barriers of these hybrid powertrain technologies. The results show that series hybrid is absolutely negative for fuel economy benefit of long-haul trucks due to an efficiency penalty associated with the dual-step conversions of energy (i.e. mechanical to electric to mechanical). The current parallel hybrid technology combined with 50% auxiliary load reduction could elevate 5-7% fuel economy of long-haul trucks, but a profound improvement of long-haul truck fuel economy requires additional innovative technologies for reducing aerodynamic drag and rolling resistance losses. The simulated emissions control indicates that hybrid trucks reduce more CO and HC emissions than conventional trucks. The simulated results further indicate that the catalyzed DPF played an important role in CO oxidations. Limited NH3 emissions could be slipped from the Urea SCR, but the average NH3 emissions are below 20 ppm. Meanwhile our estimations show 1.5-1.9% of equivalent fuel-cost penalty due to urea consumption in the simulated SCR cases.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; FINNEY, Charles E A [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Interim Results from Alternative Fuel Truck Evaluation Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project, which is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is to provide a comprehensive comparison of heavy-duty trucks operating on alternative fuels and diesel fuel. Data collection from up to eight sites is planned. Currently, the project has four sites: Raley's in Sacramento, CA (Kenworth, Cummins LlO-300G, liquefied natural gas - LNG); Pima Gro Systems, Inc. in Fontana, CA (White/GMC, Caterpillar 31768 Dual-Fuel, compressed natural gas - CNG); Waste Management in Washington, PA (Mack, Mack E7G, LNG); and United Parcel Service in Hartford, CT (Freightliner Custom Chassis, Cummins B5.9G, CNG). This paper summarizes current data collection and evaluation results from this project.

Kevin L. Chandler; Paul Norton; Nigel Clark

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

346

Alternative-fueled truck demonstration natural gas program: Caterpillar G3406LE development and demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1990, the California Energy Commission, the South Coast Air Quality Management District, and the Southern California Gas Company joined together to sponsor the development and demonstration of compressed natural gas engines for Class 8 heavy-duty line-haul trucking applications. This program became part of an overall Alternative-Fueled Truck Demonstration Program, with the goal of advancing the technological development of alternative-fueled engines. The demonstration showed natural gas to be a technically viable fuel for Class 8 truck engines.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Modeling an automobile steering system using Axiomatic Design's Design Matrix and the Design Structure Matrix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The automobile steering system can be thought of as a system within a system. The steering system has clear functions and requirements as well as many interrelated components and subsystems including the front tires, wheels, ...

Bagley, Matthew R., 1966-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

A Traffic Operations Method for Evaluating Automobile and Bicycle Shared Roadways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shared roadways are a cost effective method for providing bicycle facilities in areas with limited right-of-way; shared roadways have automobiles and bicycles operating in the same traveled way. However, shared roadways may negatively affect...

Robertson, James Allan

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

349

Technological change for environmental improvement : the case of the Mexican automobile sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main objective of this research was to articulate the processes and factors of technological change that promote environmental improvement while contributing to development goals in the Mexican automobile sector. The ...

Aoki, Chizuru, 1968-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Synthesis and Characterization of Gd5Si2Ge2-Al Composite for Automobile Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a significant volume expansion in the material and thus a giant strain effect. This research opens new approaches in energy conversion and improving efficiency of automobile engines. The composite developed here is important for future scientific...

Barkley, Brady C.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

351

Urban co-existence : a new typology for transit exchange in an automobile dominated city  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Delineated by the reign of the automobile, the urban fabric of Los Angeles is a landscape of superblocks, six lane highways, and an abundance of parking lots. These residual urban voids intensify the spatial chasm between ...

Cho, Shani Eunjin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile industry Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intelligenz der Fahrzeuge in das Zentrum des wissenschaftlichen In- Summary: mit der Automobil- industrie bildet. Es lag also nahe, dass hier die Fden fr das aktuelle T H E M...

353

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile assembly plant Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile assembly plant Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Vol. 37, No. 4, JulyAugust 2007, pp....

354

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile user panel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile user panel Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 I am told that, in the world of objets d'art,...

355

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile air conditioners Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile air conditioners Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 7-55E An office that is being cooled...

356

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile fuel consumption Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile fuel consumption Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 1. Report No. SWUTC98467312-1...

357

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile drivers Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile drivers Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 U of L Campus AccidentIncident Report...

358

E-Print Network 3.0 - automobile driver examination Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automobile driver examination Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 U of L Campus AccidentIncident...

359

Auto-America: The Automobile and American Art, Circa 1900-1950  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' personal experiences and associations as automobile drivers and passengers. Several artists utilized the motor vehicle as a mobile studio, with works being created on location, within the confines of the vehicle itself. My analysis explores various ways...

Smith, Jerry N.

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

360

Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Circle of Measuring Automobile Fuel Use, Energy Policy 21. (M. , Dolan, K. , 1993b, Fuel Prices and Economy: Factors1994. New Car Test and Actual Fuel Economy: Yet Another Gap?

Schipper, Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K. , 1993b, Fuel Prices and Economy: Factors Effecting LandCar Test and Actual Fuel Economy: Yet Another Gap? Transportof automobile fuel economy in Europe. Energy Policy 34 14.

Schipper, Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

An investigative study of automobile traffic accidents utilizing biorhythm theory for predictive value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INVESTIGATIVE STUDY OF AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC ACCT. DENTS UTILIZING BIORHYTHM THEORY FOR PREDICTIVE VALUE A Thesis by OSCAR HENRY EGLY JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1977 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering AN INVESTIGATIVE STUDY OF AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS UTILIZING BIORHYTHM THEORY FOR PREDICTIVE VALUE A Thesis by OSCAR HENRY EGLY JR. Approved as to style and content...

Egly, Oscar Henry

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

A hierarchical structure of neural network implemented for the recognition of automobile license plate number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE OF NEURAL NETWORK IMPLEMENTED FOR THE RECOGNITION OF AUTOMOBILE LICENSE PLATE NURSER A Thesis by JOONGHO CHANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfdlment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1994 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering A HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE OF NEURAL NETWORK IMPLEMENTED FOR THE RECOGNITION OF AUTOMOBILE LICENSE PLATE NUMBER A Thesis by JOONGHO CHANG Submitted...

Chang, Joongho

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Considerations of driver preferences and performance for selection of electronic automobile instrumentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSIDERATIONS OF DRIVER PREFERENCES AND PERFORMANCE FOR SELECTION OF ELECTRONIC AUTOMOBILE INSTRUMENTATION A Thesis by RAYMOND SCOTT HARWOOD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering CONSIDERATIONS OF DRIVER PREFERENCES AND PERFORMANCE FOR SELECTION OF ELECTRONIC AUTOMOBILE INSTRUMENTATION A Thesis by RAYMOND SCOTT HARWOOD Approved as to style...

Harwood, Raymond Scott

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Unintended Impacts of Increased Truck Loads on Pavement Supply-Chain Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unintended Impacts of Increased Truck Loads on Pavement Supply-Chain Emissions Nakul Sathaye, Arpad emissions, raising the question of whether increased vehicle weights may cause unintended environmental consequences. This paper presents scenarios with estimated emissions resulting from load consolidation

California at Berkeley, University of

366

Trucking country : food politics and the transformation of rural life in Postwar America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trucking replaced railroads as the primary link between rural producers and urban consumers in the mid-twentieth century. With this technological change came a fundamental transformation of the defining features of rural ...

Hamilton, Shane, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Engineering Task Plan for Water Supply for Spray Washers on the Support Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Engineering Task Plan (ETP) defines the task and deliverables associated with the design, fabrication and testing of an improved spray wash system for the Rotary Mode Core Sampling (RMCS) System Support Trucks.

BOGER, R.M.

2000-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

368

Productivity and competition in the U.S. trucking industry since deregulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 1980 Congress passed the Motor Carrier Act, substantially liberating trucking carriers from a federal regulatory structure that had exercised broad economic control over the industry for over four decades. Changes in ...

Parming, Veiko Paul

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Modeling for Market Analysis: HTEB, TRUCK, and LVChoice  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by TA Engineering, Inc. at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about HTEB, TRUCK, and...

370

EXPENDITURE OBJECT CODES Travel TRAVEL includes expenditures to pay for travel expenses.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. 2400 Rentals and Leases of Automobiles and Trucks for Travel: Commercial rentals and leases of automobiles and trucks used by employees for travel within the 50 United of Automobiles, Trucks and Boats for Foreign Travel: Commercial rentals and leases of automobiles, trucks

Harms, Kyle E.

371

Effect of Wide-Based Single Tires on Fuel Efficiency of Class 8 Combination Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2007 and 2008, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in collaboration with several industry partners, collected real-world performance and situational data for long-haul operations of Class- 8 trucks from a fleet engaged in normal freight operations. Such data and information is useful to support Class-8 modeling of heavy-truck performance, technology evaluation efforts for energy efficiency, and to provide a means of accounting for real-world driving performance within heavy-truck research and analyses. This paper presents some general statistics, including distribution of idling times during long-haul trucking operations. However, the main focus is on the analysis of some of the extensive real-world information collected in this project, specifically on the assessment of the effect that different types of tires (i.e., dual tires vs. new generation single wide-based tires or NGSWBTs) have on the fuel efficiency of Class-8 trucks. The tire effect is also evaluated as a function of the vehicle load level. In all cases analyzed, the statistical tests performed strongly suggest that fuel efficiencies achieved when using all NGSWBTs or combinations of duals and NGSWBTs are higher than in the case of a truck equipped with all dual tires.

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL] [ORNL; Knee, Helmut E [ORNL] [ORNL; Slezak, Lee [U.S. Department of Energy] [U.S. Department of Energy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Apport des mthodes de dure de vie au domaine de l'assurance. Application aux contrats d'assurances automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'assurances automobiles K. Boukhetala *, J.M. Marion**, A. Oulidi** * USTHB - Département de Probabilités et Statistiques-paramétriques. On étudiera plus particulièrement le phénomène de résiliation de contrats d'assurances automobiles d vie de contrats d'assurance automobile afin de mieux gérer le phénomène de résiliation de contrats. En

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

373

La distribution d'automobiles neuves en Europe est rgie par un rglement d'exemption aux rgles de la  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

La distribution d'automobiles neuves en Europe est régie par un règlement d'exemption aux règles de contexte, les concessionnaires doivent repenser leur métier de distributeurs automobiles pour transformer les menaces en opportunités. Les spéculations sur l'avenir du système de la distribution automobile en

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

374

L'expertise en conduite automobile peut-elle moduler le phnomne d'extension des limites ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L'expertise en conduite automobile peut-elle moduler le phénomène d'extension des limites'observateur vis-à-vis de la scène perçue, est sensible aux connaissances expertes. Des conducteurs automobiles automobile peut-elle moduler le phénomène d'extension des limites ? L'un des aspects les plus intrigants des

Jeanjean, Louis

375

Fact #846: November 10, 2014 Trucks Move 70% of all Freight by Weight and 74% of Freight by Value – Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #846: Trucks Move 70% of all Freight by Weight and 74% of Freight by Value

376

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Strength, Light-Weight Engines for Heavy Duty Trucks  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about high strength,...

377

Cummins Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel engine  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

levels Commercially Viable Solutions - High quality, Great Performance, Low Total Cost of Ownership 4 Scope Weight reduction in comparison to current diesel ...

378

Urea SCR and DPF System for Tier 2 Diesel Light-Duty Trucks  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SCR Deflectormixer, long inlet cone Larger DOC, upstream injection with spray target Turbo & EGR modifications, post injection 2.01 Reduced tailpipe NOx PM: 2-5 mgmi Increased...

379

Fact #720: March 26, 2012 Eleven Percent of New Light Trucks...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

higher compression of GDI engines makes them more efficient especially when paired with turbo charging as they usually are. The market for GDI engines has grown more rapidly for...

380

Fact #553: January 12, 2009 Market Share of New Cars vs. Light Trucks |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 2011 Report toAnnuAlFaces ofDecisions RM

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Fact #571: May 18, 2009 Light Truck CAFE Standards - 2006 Reformation |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 2011 Report1: March 9, 2009Energy

382

Fact #611: February 22, 2010 Top Ten Best Selling Cars and Light Trucks |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 2011 Report1:

383

Fact #714: February 13, 2012 Light Truck Sales on the Rise | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 20112: July|

384

Fact #720: March 26, 2012 Eleven Percent of New Light Trucks Sold have  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 20112: July|Rise | Department of2011

385

Fact #757: December 10, 2012 The U.S. Manufactures More Light Trucks than  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 20112:of Energy 3: November 12,Vehicles

386

Design & Development of e-TurboTM for SUV and Light Truck Applications |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent Company Agrees to CooperateJapan |ScarcityDesert

387

Design and Development of e-Turbo for SUV and Light Truck Applications |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent Company Agrees toDepartment of EnergyDepartment

388

Cummins Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel engine |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebratePartners with Siemens onSiteDepartment of Energy Cummins

389

Cummins' Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel Engine |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebratePartners with Siemens onSiteDepartment ofMay 16,

390

Cummins/DOE Light Truck Clean Diesel Engine Progress Report | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebratePartners with Siemens onSiteDepartment ofMay 16,Energy

391

Cummins/DOE Light Truck Diesel Engine Progress Report | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebratePartners with Siemens onSiteDepartment ofMay

392

Urea SCR Durability Assessment for Tier 2 Light-Duty Truck | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwo New12.'6/0.2 ......Uranium Lease TractsEnergy

393

Urea SCR and DPF System for Tier 2 Diesel Light-Duty Trucks | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwo New12.'6/0.2 ......Uranium Lease

394

A Multicore Processor based Real-Time System for Automobile management application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we propose an Intelligent Management System which is capable of managing the automobile functions using the rigorous real-time principles and a multicore processor in order to realize higher efficiency and safety for the vehicle. It depicts how various automobile functionalities can be fine grained and treated to fit in real time concepts. It also shows how the modern multicore processors can be of good use in organizing vast amounts of correlated functions to be executed in real-time with excellent time commitments. The modeling of the automobile tasks with real time commitments, organizing appropriate scheduling for various real time tasks and the usage of a multicore processor enables the system to realize higher efficiency and offer better safety levels to the vehicle. The industry available real time operating system is used for scheduling various tasks and jobs on the multicore processor.

M., Vaidehi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Estimating commercial truck VMT (vehicle miles of travel) of interstate motor carriers: Data evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This memorandum summarizes the evaluation results of six data sources in terms of their ability to estimate the number of commercial trucks operating in interstate commerce and their vehicle miles of travel (VMT) by carrier type and by state. The six data sources are: (1) Truck Inventory and Use Survey (TIUS) from the Bureau of the Census, (2) nationwide truck activity and commodity survey (NTACS) from the Bureau of the Census, (3) National Truck Trip Information Survey (NTTIS) from the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), (4) highway performance monitoring system (HPMS) from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Department of Transportation, (5) state fuel tax reports from each individual state and the international fuel tax agreement (IFTA), and (6) International Registration Plan (IRP) of the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA). TIUS, NTACS, and NTTIS are designed to provide data on the physical and operational characteristics of the Nation's truck population (or sub-population); HPMS is implemented to collect information on the physical and usage characteristics of various highway systems; and state fuel tax reports and IRP are tax-oriented registrations. 16 figs., 13 tabs.

Hu, P.S.; Wright, T.; Miaou, Shaw-Pin; Beal, D.J.; Davis, S.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA); Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Test, Evaluation, and Demonstration of Practical Devices/Systems to Reduce Aerodynamic Drag of Tractor/Semitrailer Combination Unit Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Class 8 heavy-duty trucks account for over three-quarters of the total diesel fuel used by commercial trucks (trucks with GVWRs more than 10,000 pounds) in the United States each year. At the highway speeds at which these trucks travel (i.e., 60 mph or greater), aerodynamic drag is a major part of total horsepower needed to move the truck down the highway, Reductions in aerodynamic drag can yield measurable benefits in fuel economy through the use of relatively inexpensive and simple devices. The goal of this project was to examine a number of aerodynamic drag reduction devices and systems and determine their effectiveness in reducing aerodynamic drag of Class 8 tractor/semitrailer combination-units, thus contributing to DOE's goal of reducing transportation petroleum use. The project team included major heavy truck manufacturers in the United States, along with the management and industry expertise of the Truck Manufacturers Association as the lead investigative organization. The Truck Manufacturers Association (TMA) is the national trade association representing the major North American manufacturers of Class 6-8 trucks (GVWRs over 19,500 lbs). Four major truck manufacturers participated in this project with TMA: Freightliner LLC; International Truck and Engine Corporation; Mack Trucks Inc.; and Volvo Trucks North America, Inc. Together, these manufacturers represent over three-quarters of total Class 8 truck sales in the United States. These four manufacturers pursued complementary research efforts as part of this project. The project work was separated into two phases conducted over a two-year period. In Phase I, candidate aerodynamic devices and systems were screened to focus research and development attention on devices that offered the most potential. This was accomplished using full-size vehicle tests, scale model tests, and computational fluid dynamics analyses. In Phase II, the most promising devices were installed on full-size trucks and their effect on fuel economy was determined, either through on-road testing or full-size wind tunnel testing. All of the manufacturers worked with devices and systems that offer practical solutions to reduce aerodynamic drag, accounting for functionality, durability, cost effectiveness, reliability, and maintainability. The project team members and their roles and responsibilities are shown in Figure 2-1. Figure 2-2 shows the Phase I and II project schedules for all four projects and associated management activities.

Scott Smith; Karla Younessi; Matt Markstaller; Dan Schlesinger; Bhaskar Bhatnagar; Donald Smith; Bruno Banceu; Ron Schoon; V.K. Sharma; Mark Kachmarsky; Srikant Ghantae; Michael Sorrels; Conal Deedy; Justin Clark; Skip Yeakel; Michael D. Laughlin; Charlotte Seigler; Sidney Diamond

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

397

Discussion by Matthew J. Kotchen (Yale University and NBER) of "Carbon Prices and Automobile Greenhouse Gas Emissions: The Extensive and Intensive Margins," by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Discussion by Matthew J. Kotchen (Yale University and NBER) of "Carbon Prices and Automobile about automobile use. In particular, KS consider how the price of gasoline affects decisions about when

Kotchen, Matthew J.

398

Life-cycle Energy and Emissions Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School Buses, Electric Buses, Chicago Rail, and New York City Rail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bus,  the electric buses’ fraction of energy consumed was Energy and Emissions Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School  Buses, Electric Energy and Emissions Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School Buses, Electric 

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Variation in the aerodynamic drag coefficient due to changes in the shape of an automobile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VARIATION IN THE AERODXMMIC DRAG COEEEICIENT DUE TO CHANGES LN THE SHAPE OF AN AUTOMOBILE A Thesis by JOHN GILBERT MILLI%MS Su'bmitned to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements fo... Air Density C HAFTER I IliiTRODUCTION During the early years of the automobile, little or no effort was made to explore the problem of aerodynamic drag. This situation was the result oi' two factors. First, the passenger cars of shat time were...

Williams, John Gilbert

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

FedEx Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation: 6-Month Interim Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This interim report presents partial (six months) results for a technology evaluation of gasoline hybrid electric parcel delivery trucks operated by FedEx in and around Los Angeles, CA. A 12 month in-use technology evaluation comparing in-use fuel economy and maintenance costs of GHEVs and comparative diesel parcel delivery trucks was started in April 2009. Comparison data was collected and analyzed for in-use fuel economy and fuel costs, maintenance costs, total operating costs, and vehicle uptime. In addition, this interim report presents results of parcel delivery drive cycle collection and analysis activities as well as emissions and fuel economy results of chassis dynamometer testing of a gHEV and a comparative diesel truck at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) ReFUEL laboratory. A final report will be issued when 12 months of in-use data have been collected and analyzed.

Barnitt, R.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Macintosh HD:from FWB:IMVP Save Stuff:Engine paper stuff:Engine Paper final COST AND EFFICIENCY PERFORMANCE OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND EFFICIENCY PERFORMANCE OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINE PLANTS Daniel E Whitney* Guillermo Peschard# Denis Artzner:IMVP Save Stuff:Engine paper stuff:Engine Paper final COST AND EFFICIENCY PERFORMANCE OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINE PLANTS Abstract This paper analyzes the basic performance of 27 automobile engine lines operated by 18

Whitney, Daniel

402

Appendix B. Automobile Cruise Control and Monitoring System Case Study This appendix presents an application of the proof-of-concept prototype, CODA,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appendix B. Automobile Cruise Control and Monitoring System Case Study This appendix presents an application of the proof-of-concept prototype, CODA, described in Chapter 10, to an automobile cruise control inferences about the terminators. Second, some of the elements in the diagram are named 1 The automobile

Mills, Kevin

403

International Conference on Electronic Commerce Research (ICECR-5) aKIA Automobile: a Multi-Agent System in E-Commerce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference on Electronic Commerce Research (ICECR-5) aKIA Automobile: a Multi. The architecture has been implemented and tested in the case of a second-hand automobile market. The practical with each other. They are responsible for getting #12;aKIA Automobile: a Multi-Agent System in E-Commerce 2

Kropf, Peter

404

Contribution of Road Grade to the Energy Use of Modern Automobiles Across Large Datasets of Real-World Drive Cycles: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding the real-world power demand of modern automobiles is of critical importance to engineers using modeling and simulation to inform the intelligent design of increasingly efficient powertrains. Increased use of global positioning system (GPS) devices has made large scale data collection of vehicle speed (and associated power demand) a reality. While the availability of real-world GPS data has improved the industry's understanding of in-use vehicle power demand, relatively little attention has been paid to the incremental power requirements imposed by road grade. This analysis quantifies the incremental efficiency impacts of real-world road grade by appending high fidelity elevation profiles to GPS speed traces and performing a large simulation study. Employing a large real-world dataset from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Transportation Secure Data Center, vehicle powertrain simulations are performed with and without road grade under five vehicle models. Aggregate results of this study suggest that road grade could be responsible for 1% to 3% of fuel use in light-duty automobiles.

Wood, E.; Burton, E.; Duran, A.; Gonder, J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

NOx is emitted. In addition, extended idling can result in a consid-erable waste of fuel and cause wear on truck engines. More than  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Studies (5) have shown that a long-haul truck can idle away more than a gallon of diesel fuel per hour, Hector A. Olvera, John M. E. Storey, and Laura Kranendonk 17 At night, long-haul truck drivers rest were measured, and fuel consumption of the truck (while idling) and the APU (during operation) were

406

Terahertz Sensor for Non-Contact Thickness and Quality Measurement of Automobile Paints of Varying Complexity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to resolve coating layers down to a thickness of 18 $mu{hbox{m}}$ and was validated for both single- and multi-layer automobile paint samples. Results of the terahertz measurements were benchmarked against other techniques that are currently used for non...

Su, Ke; Shen, Yao-Chun; Zeitler, J. Axel

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

407

Divisionalization, product cannibalization and product location choice: Evidence from the U.S. automobile industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), and the products of a sister division of the same firm (intra-firm divisional new product distance). The hypotheses were tested using data on the U.S. automobile industry between 1979 and 1999. The results show that a focal division with a high level of inter...

Jeong, Eui Kyo

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

408

Economic Implications of Natural Gas Vehicle Technology in U.S. Private Automobile Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Economic Implications of Natural Gas Vehicle Technology in U.S. Private Automobile Transportation, Technology and Policy Program #12;2 #12;3 Implications of Natural Gas Vehicle Technology in U.S. Private natural gas resources, and the growing international liquefied natural gas (LNG) market, gas prices

409

Automobile Proximity and Indoor Residential Concentrations of BTEX and Diana E. Hun1,*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automobile Proximity and Indoor Residential Concentrations of BTEX and MTBE Diana E. Hun1 from gasoline-related sources to indoor benzene and MTBE concentrations appeared to be dominated by car of other BTEX components and MTBE have been reported (CalEPA 2009; U.S. EPA 2005). Up until 2000, MTBE

Siegel, Jeffrey

410

Author's personal copy Automobile proximity and indoor residential concentrations of BTEX and MTBE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Automobile proximity and indoor residential concentrations of BTEX and MTBE to indoor benzene and MTBE concentrations appeared to have been dominated by car exhaust concentrations of other BTEX components and methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) have been reported [5,6]. Up until

Siegel, Jeffrey

411

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the internal combustion engine and causes of pollutants in the exhaust see Heywood2 . Properly operating modern for water and any excess oxygen not involved in combustion. Mass emissions per mass or volume of fuel canOn-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 4 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary

Denver, University of

412

A Hybrid Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm For Solving Truck And Trailer Vehicle Routing Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cost) so that the day- to-day operational cost could be kept at the minimum. 1.2 Background on VehicleA Hybrid Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm For Solving Truck And Trailer Vehicle Routing Problems K. C. Tan, T. H. Lee, Y. H. Chew Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering National

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

413

Project Information Form Project Title Integrating Management of Truck and Rail Systems in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Information Form Project Title Integrating Management of Truck and Rail Systems in Los or organization) Volvo Research and Educational Foundation- $79,604.00 Total Project Cost $79,604.00 Agency ID of Research Project This project will develop models to optimize the balance of freight demand across rail

California at Davis, University of

414

Home Away from Home: The Evolution and Meaning of American Truck Stops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Truck stops provide a tie to place for mobile, long-haul drivers. Truckers rely on these businesses for necessities and help to shape their form and function with their perceptions and actions. An increasing domination of the industry by chain...

Day, Stephanie L.

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

415

Technology in Motion Vehicle (TMV) To promote truck and bus safety programs and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology in Motion Vehicle (TMV) Goal To promote truck and bus safety programs and technologies messages at multiple venues Demonstrate proven and emerging safety technologies to state and motor carrier stakeholders Promote deployment of safety technologies by fleets and state MCSAP agencies Evaluate program

416

CoolCalc: A Long-Haul Truck Thermal Load Estimation Tool: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the United States, intercity long-haul trucks idle approximately 1,800 hrs annually for sleeper cab hotel loads, consuming 838 million gallons of diesel fuel per year. The objective of the CoolCab project is to work closely with industry to design efficient thermal management systems for long-haul trucks that keep the cab comfortable with minimized engine idling. Truck engine idling is primarily done to heat or cool the cab/sleeper, keep the fuel warm in cold weather, and keep the engine warm for cold temperature startup. Reducing the thermal load on the cab/sleeper will decrease air conditioning system requirements, improve efficiency, and help reduce fuel use. CoolCalc is an easy-to-use, simplified, physics-based HVAC load estimation tool that requires no meshing, has flexible geometry, excludes unnecessary detail, and is less time-intensive than more detailed computer-aided engineering modeling approaches. It is intended for rapid trade-off studies, technology impact estimation, and preliminary HVAC sizing design and to complement more detailed and expensive CAE tools by exploring and identifying regions of interest in the design space. This paper describes the CoolCalc tool, provides outdoor long-haul truck thermal testing results, shows validation using these test results, and discusses future applications of the tool.

Lustbader, J. A.; Rugh, J. P.; Rister, B. R.; Venson, T. S.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Natural Gas as a Fuel for Heavy Trucks: Issues and Incentives (released in AEO2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Environmental and energy security concerns related to petroleum use for transportation fuels, together with recent growth in U.S. proved reserves and technically recoverable natural gas resources, including shale gas, have sparked interest in policy proposals aimed at stimulating increased use of natural gas as a vehicle fuel, particularly for heavy trucks.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Field monitoring and modeling of pavement response and service life consumption due to overweight truck traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A number of pavement structures experience deterioration due to high traffic volume and growing weights. Recently, the Texas Legislatures passed bills allowing trucks of gross vehicle weight (GVW) up to 556 kN routinely to use a route in south Texas...

Oh, Jeong-Ho

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Control System Development for an Advanced-Technology Medium-Duty Hybrid Electric Truck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chan-Chiao Lin, Huei Peng and J. W. Grizzle University of Michigan Jason Liu and Matt Busdiecker Eaton Corporation Copyright © 2003 SAE International ABSTRACT The power management control system development management control system for the prototype truck produced by the Eaton Innovation Center

Grizzle, Jessy W.

420

Development of LNG-Powered Heavy-Duty Trucks in Commercial Hauling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the U.S. Department of Energy's development, deployment, and evaluation of alternative fuels, NREL and the Trucking Research Institute contracted with Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) to develop and operate a liquid natural gas fueled tractor powered by a DDC Series 50 prototype natural gas engine. This is the final report on the project.

Detroit Diesel Corporation; Trucking Research Institute

1998-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

See More Jobs From Agrium Wholesale Truck Analyst (175535-001) -(Calgary, Alberta, Western Canada, Canada)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

See More Jobs From Agrium Wholesale Truck Analyst (175535-001) - (Calgary, Alberta, Western Canada, Canada) Company: Agrium Wholesale Apply below Industry Sector: Agribusiness Industry Type: Agronomy a growing world. Growth is a top priority for Agrium Wholesale and it doesn't just apply to the nutrients we

Behmer, Spencer T.

422

Analysis of Technology Options to Reduce the Fuel Consumption of Idling Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-haul trucks idling overnight consume more than 838 million gallons (20 million barrels) of fuel annually. Idling also emits pollutants. Truck drivers idle their engines primarily to (1) heat or cool the cab and/or sleeper, (2) keep the fuel warm in winter, and (3) keep the engine warm in the winter so that the engine is easier to start. Alternatives to overnight idling could save much of this fuel, reduce emissions, and cut operating costs. Several fuel-efficient alternatives to idling are available to provide heating and cooling: (1) direct-fired heater for cab/sleeper heating, with or without storage cooling; (2) auxiliary power units; and (3) truck stop electrification. Many of these technologies have drawbacks that limit market acceptance. Options that supply electricity are economically viable for trucks that are idled for 1,000-3,000 or more hours a year, while heater units could be used across the board. Payback times for fleets, which would receive quantity discounts on the prices, would be somewhat shorter.

F. Stodolsky; L. Gaines; A. Vyas

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Analysis of technology options to reduce the fuel consumption of idling trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-haul trucks idling overnight consume more than 838 million gallons (20 million barrels) of fuel annually. Idling also emits pollutants. Truck drivers idle their engines primarily to (1) heat or cool the cab and/or sleeper, (2) keep the fuel warm in winter, and (3) keep the engine warm in the winter so that the engine is easier to start. Alternatives to overnight idling could save much of this fuel, reduce emissions, and cut operating costs. Several fuel-efficient alternatives to idling are available to provide heating and cooling: (1) direct-fired heater for cab/sleeper heating, with or without storage cooling; (2) auxiliary power units; and (3) truck stop electrification. Many of these technologies have drawbacks that limit market acceptance. Options that supply electricity are economically viable for trucks that are idled for 1,000--3,000 or more hours a year, while heater units could be used across the board. Payback times for fleets, which would receive quantity discounts on the prices, would be somewhat shorter.

Stodolsky, F.; Gaines, L.; Vyas, A.

2000-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

424

Hybrid Control of a Truck and Trailer Vehicle Claudio Altafini1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Control of a Truck and Trailer Vehicle Claudio Altafini1 , Alberto Speranzon2 , and Karl, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden, albspe@s3.kth.se, kallej@s3.kth.se Abstract. A hybrid control scheme is proposed for the stabilization of backward driving along simple paths for a miniature vehicle composed

Johansson, Karl Henrik

425

Measurement of Black Carbon and Particle Number Emission Factors from Individual Heavy-Duty Trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement of Black Carbon and Particle Number Emission Factors from Individual Heavy-Duty Trucks of California, Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Berkeley, CA 94720-1710 Abstract Emission factors for black carbon (BC) and particle number (PN) were measured from 226 individual heavy-duty (HD) diesel

426

QUANTIFYING THE EXTERNAL COSTS OF VEHICLE USE: EVIDENCE FROM AMERICA'S TOP SELLING LIGHT-DUTY MODELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-selling passenger cars and light-duty trucks in the U.S. Among these external costs, those associated with crashes estimated for several other vehicles of particular interest, including GM's Hummer and several hybrid drive: small cars, mid-sized cars, large cars, luxury cars, crossover utility vehicles (CUVs), sport

Kockelman, Kara M.

427

Emission Changes Resulting from the San Pedro Bay, California Ports Truck Retirement Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent U.S. Environmental Protection Agency emissions regulations have resulted in lower emissions of particulate matter and oxides of nitrogen from heavy-duty diesel trucks. To accelerate fleet turnover the State of California in 2008 along with the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach (San Pedro Bay Ports) in 2006 passed regulations establishing timelines forcing the retirement of older diesel trucks. On-road emissions measurements of heavy-duty diesel trucks were collected over a three-year period, beginning in 2008, at a Port of Los Angeles location and an inland weigh station on the Riverside freeway (CA SR91). At the Port location the mean fleet age decreased from 12.7 years in April of 2008 to 2.5 years in May of 2010 with significant reductions in carbon monoxide (30%), oxides of nitrogen (48%) and infrared opacity (a measure of particulate matter, 54%). We also observed a 20-fold increase in ammonia emissions as a result of new, stoichiometrically combusted, liquefied natural gas powered trucks. These results compare with changes at our inland site where the average ages were 7.9 years in April of 2008 and 8.3 years in April of 2010, with only small reductions in oxides of nitrogen (10%) being statistically significant. Both locations have experienced significant increases in nitrogen dioxide emissions from new trucks equipped with diesel particle filters; raising the mean nitrogen dioxide to oxides of nitrogen ratios from less than 10% to more than 30% at the Riverside freeway location.

Bishop, G. A.; Schuchmann, B. G.; Stedman, D. H.; Lawson, D. R.

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

428

Impact of Paint Color on Rest Period Climate Control Loads in Long-Haul Trucks: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cab climate conditioning is one of the primary reasons for operating the main engine in a long-haul truck during driver rest periods. In the United States, sleeper cab trucks use approximately 667 million gallons of fuel annually for rest period idling. The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) CoolCab Project works closely with industry to design efficient thermal management systems for long-haul trucks that minimize engine idling and fuel use while maintaining occupant comfort. Heat transfer to the vehicle interior from opaque exterior surfaces is one of the major heat pathways that contribute to air conditioning loads during long-haul truck daytime rest period idling. To quantify the impact of paint color and the opportunity for advanced paints, NREL collaborated with Volvo Group North America, PPG Industries, and Dometic Environmental Corporation. Initial screening simulations using CoolCalc, NREL's rapid HVAC load estimation tool, showed promising air-conditioning load reductions due to paint color selection. Tests conducted at NREL's Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility using long-haul truck cab sections, 'test bucks,' showed a 31.1% of maximum possible reduction in rise over ambient temperature and a 20.8% reduction in daily electric air conditioning energy use by switching from black to white paint. Additionally, changing from blue to an advanced color-matched solar reflective blue paint resulted in a 7.3% reduction in daily electric air conditioning energy use for weather conditions tested in Colorado. National-level modeling results using weather data from major U.S. cities indicated that the increase in heating loads due to lighter paint colors is much smaller than the reduction in cooling loads.

Lustbader, J.; Kreutzer, C.; Jeffers, M.; Adelman, S.; Yeakel, S.; Brontz, P.; Olson, K.; Ohlinger, J.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Collecting Construction Equipment Activity Data from Caltrans Project Records  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the five categories, “Water Truck”, “Heavy Duty Truck” and “NONROAD Heavy Duty Truck Light Duty Truck Water Truck TOTALaround the job site. Water trucks are heavy duty trucks that

Kable, Justin M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The role of consideration in the pursuit of market share : a study of the U.S. automobile industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The state of business in the U.S. automobile industry is such that competition is fierce, and consumers have a perplexing number of alternatives from which to choose. The final purchase decision by the consumer is where ...

Knight, Kenneth Darnell, 1960-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Driven to congestion : how the planning, engineering and politics of transportation established, preserves and perpetuates the automobile city  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The last eight decades of urban transportation planning and engineering in the United States have been dominated by the hegemony of the automobile. Auto-oriented planning of the transportation and land use system has had ...

Krishnamurthy, Vignesh (Vignesh Kumar)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Advanced Electric Systems and Aerodynamics for Efficiency Improvements in Heavy Duty Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Electric Systems and Aerodynamics for Efficiency Improvements in Heavy Duty Trucks program (DE-FC26-04NT42189), commonly referred to as the AES program, focused on areas that will primarily benefit fuel economy and improve heat rejection while driving over the road. The AES program objectives were to: (1) Analyze, design, build, and test a cooling system that provided a minimum of 10 percent greater heat rejection in the same frontal area with no increase in parasitic fan load. (2) Realize fuel savings with advanced power management and acceleration assist by utilizing an integrated starter/generator (ISG) and energy storage devices. (3) Quantify the effect of aerodynamic drag due to the frontal shape mandated by the area required for the cooling system. The program effort consisted of modeling and designing components for optimum fuel efficiency, completing fabrication of necessary components, integrating these components into the chassis test bed, completing controls programming, and performance testing the system both on a chassis dynamometer and on the road. Emission control measures for heavy-duty engines have resulted in increased engine heat loads, thus introducing added parasitic engine cooling loads. Truck electrification, in the form of thermal management, offers technological solutions to mitigate or even neutralize the effects of this trend. Thermal control offers opportunities to avoid increases in cooling system frontal area and forestall reduced fuel economy brought about by additional aerodynamic vehicle drag. This project explored such thermal concepts by installing a 2007 engine that is compliant with current regulations and bears additional heat rejection associated with meeting these regulations. This newer engine replaced the 2002 engine from a previous project that generated less heat rejection. Advanced power management, utilizing a continuously optimized and controlled power flow between electric components, can offer additional fuel economy benefits to the heavy-duty trucking industry. Control software for power management brings added value to the power distribution and energy storage architecture on board a truck with electric accessories and an ISG. The research team has built upon a previous truck electrification project, formally, 'Parasitic Energy Loss Reduction and Enabling Technologies for Class 7/8 Trucks', DE-FC04-2000AL6701, where the fundamental concept of electrically-driven accessories replacing belt/gear-driven accessories was demonstrated on a Kenworth T2000 truck chassis. The electrical accessories, shown in Figure 1, were controlled to provide 'flow on demand' variable-speed operation and reduced parasitic engine loads for increased fuel economy. These accessories also provided solutions for main engine idle reduction in long haul trucks. The components and systems of the current project have been integrated into the same Kenworth T2000 truck platform. Reducing parasitic engine loading by decoupling accessory loads from the engine and driving them electrically has been a central concept of this project. Belt or gear-driven engine accessories, such as water pump, air conditioning compressor, or air compressor, are necessarily tied to the engine speed dictated by the current vehicle operating conditions. These conventional accessory pumps are sized to provide adequate flow or pressure at low idle or peak torque speeds, resulting in excess flow or pressure at cruising or rated speeds. The excess flow is diverted through a pressure-minimizing device such as a relief valve thereby expending energy to drive unnecessary and inefficient pump operation. This inefficiency causes an increased parasitic load to the engine, which leads to a loss of usable output power and decreased fuel economy. Controlling variable-speed electric motors to provide only the required flow or pressure of a particular accessory system can yield significant increases in fuel economy for a commercial vehicle. Motor loads at relatively high power levels (1-5 kW, or higher) can be efficiently provided

Larry Slone; Jeffrey Birkel

2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

An expert system for detecting automobile insurance fraud using social network analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The article proposes an expert system for detection, and subsequent investigation, of groups of collaborating automobile insurance fraudsters. The system is described and examined in great detail, several technical difficulties in detecting fraud are also considered, for it to be applicable in practice. Opposed to many other approaches, the system uses networks for representation of data. Networks are the most natural representation of such a relational domain, allowing formulation and analysis of complex relations between entities. Fraudulent entities are found by employing a novel assessment algorithm, \\textit{Iterative Assessment Algorithm} (\\textit{IAA}), also presented in the article. Besides intrinsic attributes of entities, the algorithm explores also the relations between entities. The prototype was evaluated and rigorously analyzed on real world data. Results show that automobile insurance fraud can be efficiently detected with the proposed system and that appropriate data representation is vital.

Šubelj, Lovro; Bajec, Marko; 10.1016/j.eswa.2010.07.143

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

BuildSense Compressed natural gas (CNG) bi-fuel conversions for two Ford F-series pickup trucks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BuildSense Compressed natural gas (CNG) bi-fuel conversions for two Ford F-series pickup trucks $141,279 $35,320 $176,599 City of Charlotte Solid Waste Services Compressed natural gas ( CNG) up fits

435

Hybrid 320 Ton Off Highway Haul Truck: Quarterly Technical Status Report 7, DOE/AL68080-TSR07  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis and results show hybrid system weight and efficiency affect productivity and fuel usage. Analysis shows equivalent hybrid benefits for adjacent size classes of mine truck. Preparations are ongoing for full power test. The battery cycling test protocol was modified.

Lembit Salasoo

2004-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

436

Air Pollution Impacts of Shifting San Pedro Bay Ports Freight from Truck to Rail in Southern California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in pollutants compared to the baseline (Port trucks only).Improvement Program. 2008. 4. The Port of Long Beach.Port of Long Beach Air Emissions Inventory 2005. 2007. 5.

You, Soyoung Iris; Lee, Gunwoo; Ritchie, Stephen G.; Saphores, Jean-Daniel; Sangkapichai, Mana; Ayala, Roberto

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Medium Truck Duty Cycle Data from Real-World Driving Environments: Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the early part of the 20th century, the US trucking industry has provided a safe and economical means of moving commodities across the country. At present, nearly 80% of US domestic freight movement involves the use of trucks. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is spearheading a number of research efforts to improve heavy vehicle fuel efficiencies. This includes research in engine technologies (including hybrid and fuel cell technologies), lightweight materials, advanced fuels, and parasitic loss reductions. In addition, DOE is developing advanced tools and models to support heavy vehicle research and is leading the 21st Century Truck Partnership and the SuperTruck development effort. Both of these efforts have the common goal of decreasing the fuel consumption of heavy vehicles. In the case of SuperTruck, a goal of improving the overall freight efficiency of a combination tractor-trailer has been established. This Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) project is a critical element in DOE s vision for improved heavy vehicle energy efficiency; it is unique in that there is no other existing national database of characteristic duty cycles for medium trucks based on collecting data from Class 6 and 7 vehicles. It involves the collection of real-world data on medium trucks for various situational characteristics (e.g., rural/urban, freeway/arterial, congested/free-flowing, good/bad weather) and looks at the unique nature of medium trucks drive cycles (stop-and-go delivery, power takeoff, idle time, short-radius trips). This research provides a rich source of data that can contribute to the development of new tools for FE and modeling, provide DOE a sound basis upon which to make technology investment decisions, and provide a national archive of real-world-based medium-truck operational data to support energy efficiency research. The MTDC project involved a two-part field operational test (FOT). For the Part-1 FOT, three vehicles each from two vocations (urban transit and dry-box delivery) were instrumented for the collection of one year of operational data. The Part-2 FOT involved the towing and recovery and utility vocations for a second year of data collection. The vehicles that participated in the MTDC project did so through gratis partnerships in return for early access to the results of this study. Partnerships such as these are critical to FOTs in which real-world data is being collected. In Part 1 of the project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) established partnerships with the H.T. Hackney Company (HTH), one of the largest wholesale distributors in the country, distributing products to 21 states; and with Knoxville Area Transit (KAT), the city of Knoxville s transit system, which operates across Knoxville and parts of Knox County. These partnerships and agreements provided ORNL access to three Class-7 day-cab tractors that regularly haul 28 ft pup trailers (HTH) and three Class-7 buses for the collection of duty cycle data. In addition, ORNL collaborated with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to determine if there were possible synergies between this duty cycle data collection effort and FMCSA s need to learn more about the operation and duty cycles of medium trucks. FMCSA s primary interest was in collecting safety data relative to the driver, carrier, and vehicle. In Part 2 of the project, ORNL partnered with the Knoxville Utilities Board, which made available three Class-8 trucks. Fountain City Wrecker Service was also a Part 2 partner, providing three Class-6 rollback trucks. In order to collect the duty cycle and safety-related data, ORNL developed a data acquisition system (DAS) that was placed on each test vehicle. Each signal recorded in this FOT was collected by means of one of the instruments incorporated into each DAS. Other signals were obtained directly from the vehicle s J1939 and J1708 data buses. A VBOX II Lite collected information available from a global positioning system (GPS), including speed, acceleration, and spatial location information at a rate of 5 Hz for the Part 1

Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL; Siekmann, Adam [ORNL; Thomas, Neil [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Barker, Alan M [ORNL; Knee, Helmut E [ORNL

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Design and Validation of Safety Cruise Control System for Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In light of the recent humongous growth of the human population worldwide, there has also been a voluminous and uncontrolled growth of vehicles, which has consequently increased the number of road accidents to a large extent. In lieu of a solution to the above mentioned issue, our system is an attempt to mitigate the same using synchronous programming language. The aim is to develop a safety crash warning system that will address the rear end crashes and also take over the controlling of the vehicle when the threat is at a very high level. Adapting according to the environmental conditions is also a prominent feature of the system. Safety System provides warnings to drivers to assist in avoiding rear-end crashes with other vehicles. Initially the system provides a low level alarm and as the severity of the threat increases the level of warnings or alerts also rises. At the highest level of threat, the system enters in a Cruise Control Mode, wherein the system controls the speed of the vehicle by controlling t...

Aghav, Jagannath

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Application of Sleeper Cab Thermal Management Technologies to Reduce Idle Climate Control Loads in Long-Haul Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Each intercity long-haul truck in the U.S. idles approximately 1,800 hrs per year, primarily for sleeper cab hotel loads. Including workday idling, over 2 billion gallons of fuel are used annually for truck idling. NREL's CoolCab project works closely with industry to design efficient thermal management systems for long-haul trucks that keep the cab comfortable with minimized engine idling and fuel use. The impact of thermal load reduction technologies on idle reduction systems were characterized by conducting thermal soak tests, overall heat transfer tests, and 10-hour rest period A/C tests. Technologies evaluated include advanced insulation packages, a solar reflective film applied to the vehicle's opaque exterior surfaces, a truck featuring both film and insulation, and a battery-powered A/C system. Opportunities were identified to reduce heating and cooling loads for long-haul truck idling by 36% and 34%, respectively, which yielded a 23% reduction in battery pack capacity of the idle-reduction system. Data were also collected for development and validation of a CoolCalc HVAC truck cab model. CoolCalc is an easy-to-use, simplified, physics-based HVAC load estimation tool that requires no meshing, has flexible geometry, excludes unnecessary detail, and is less time-intensive than more detailed computer-aided engineering modeling approaches.

Lustbader, J. A.; Venson, T.; Adelman, S.; Dehart, C.; Yeakel, S.; Castillo, M. S.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Assessment of the risk of transporting propane by truck and train  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The risk of shipping propane is discussed and the risk assessment methodology is summarized. The risk assessment model has been constructed as a series of separate analysis steps to allow the risk to be readily reevaluated as additional data becomes available or as postulated system characteristics change. The transportation system and accident environment, the responses of the shipping system to forces in transportation accidents, and release sequences are evaluated to determine both the likelihood and possible consequences of a release. Supportive data and analyses are given in the appendices. The risk assessment results are related to the year 1985 to allow a comparison with other reports in this series. Based on the information presented, accidents involving tank truck shipments of propane will be expected to occur at a rate of 320 every year; accidents involving bobtails would be expected at a rate of 250 every year. Train accidents involving propane shipments would be expected to occur at a rate of about 60 every year. A release of any amount of material from propane trucks, under both normal transportation and transport accident conditions, is to be expected at a rate of about 110 per year. Releases from propane rail tank cars would occur about 40 times a year. However, only those releases that occur during a transportation accident or involve a major tank defect will include sufficient propane to present the potential for danger to the public. These significant releases can be expected at the lower rate of about fourteen events per year for truck transport and about one event every two years for rail tank car transport. The estimated number of public fatalities resulting from these significant releases in 1985 is fifteen. About eleven fatalities per year result from tank truck operation, and approximately half a death per year stems from the movement of propane in rail tank cars.

Geffen, C.A.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

tude de la dimension collective de l'usage des systmes d'assistance la conduite automobile en situation relle : l'exemple du rgulateur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 �tude de la dimension collective de l'usage des systèmes d'assistance à la conduite automobile en d'assistance à la conduite automobile très répandu dont la fonction est de conserver une allure. Mots clés : Système d'aide à la conduite automobile ; Ergonomie ; Régulateur de vitesse conventionnel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

442

Etude thorique, exprimentale et numrique de l'coulement de refroidissement et de ses effets sur l'arodynamique automobile 1 UNIVERSIT D'ORLANS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

l'aérodynamique automobile 1 UNIVERSIT� D'ORL�ANS �COLE DOCTORALE SCIENCES ET TECHNOLOGIES'aérodynamique automobile TH�SE dirigée par : Philippe DEVINANT Professeur, Institut PRISME Université d'Orléans RAPPORTEURS refroidissement et de ses effets sur l'aérodynamique automobile 2 tel-00587497,version1-20Apr2011 #12

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

443

Rsum --L'industrie automobile est aujourd'hui caractrise par la varit des produits proposs, le cycle de vie toujours plus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Résumé -- L'industrie automobile est aujourd'hui caractérisée par la variété des produits proposés constructeur automobile PSA Peugeot Citroën, permettant de mettre en évidence et d'évaluer les impacts globaux, Chaîne logistique, Production automobile. I. CONTEXTE INDUSTRIEL ET PROBLEMATIQUE A. Caractéristiques de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

444

American Recovery & Reinvestment Act: Fuel Cell Hybrid Power Packs and Hydrogen Refueling for Lift Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HEB Grocery Company, Inc. (H-E-B) is a privately-held supermarket chain with 310 stores throughout Texas and northern Mexico. H-E-B converted 14 of its lift reach trucks to fuel cell power using Nuvera Fuel Cells’ PowerEdge™ units to verify the value proposition and environmental benefits associated with the technology. Issues associated with the increasing power requirements of the distribution center operation, along with high ambient temperature in the summer and other operating conditions (such as air quality and floor surface condition), surfaced opportunities for improving Nuvera’s PowerEdge fuel cell system design in high-throughput forklift environments. The project included on-site generation of hydrogen from a steam methane reformer, called PowerTap™ manufactured by Nuvera. The hydrogen was generated, compressed and stored in equipment located outside H-E-B’s facility, and provided to the forklifts by hydrogen dispensers located in high forklift traffic areas. The PowerEdge fuel cell units logged over 25,300 operating hours over the course of the two-year project period. The PowerTap hydrogen generator produced more than 11,100 kg of hydrogen over the same period. Hydrogen availability at the pump was 99.9%. H-E-B management has determined that fuel cell forklifts help alleviate several issues in its distribution centers, including truck operator downtime associated with battery changing, truck and battery maintenance costs, and reduction of grid electricity usage. Data collected from this initial installation demonstrated a 10% productivity improvement, which enabled H-E-B to make economic decisions on expanding the fleet of PowerEdge and PowerTap units in the fleet, which it plans to undertake upon successful demonstration of the new PowerEdge reach truck product. H-E-B has also expressed interst in other uses of hydrogen produced on site in the future, such as for APUs used in tractor trailers and refrigerated transport trucks in its fleet.

Block, Gus

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

445

Life-cycle Energy and Emissions Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School Buses, Electric Buses, Chicago Rail, and New York City Rail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

captured  for  both  diesel  and  electric  vehicles.   The for the urban diesel bus,  the electric buses’ fraction of Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School  Buses, Electric 

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Engineering task plan for upgrades to the leveling jacks on core sample trucks number 3 and 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Characterizing the waste in underground storage tanks at the Hanford Site is accomplished by obtaining a representative core sample for analysis. Core sampling is one of the numerous techniques that have been developed for use given the environmental and field conditions at the Hanford Site. Core sampling is currently accomplished using either Push Mode Core Sample Truck No.1 or; Rotary Mode Core Sample Trucks No.2, 3 or 4. Past analysis (WHC 1994) has indicated that the Core Sample Truck (CST) leveling jacks are structurally inadequate when lateral loads are applied. WHC 1994 identifies many areas where failure could occur. All these failures are based on exceeding the allowable stresses listed in the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) code. The mode of failure is for the outrigger attachments to the truck frame to fail resulting in dropping of the CST and possible overturning (Ref. Ziada and Hundal, 1996). Out of level deployment of the truck can exceed the code allowable stresses in the structure. Calculations have been performed to establish limits for maintaining the truck level when lifting. The calculations and the associated limits are included in appendix A. The need for future operations of the CSTS is limited. Sampling is expected to be complete in FY-2001. Since there is limited time at risk for continued use of the CSTS with the leveling controls without correcting the structural problems, there are several design changes that could give incremental improvements to the operational safety of the CSTS with limited impact on available operating time. The improvements focus on making the truck easier to control during lifting and leveling. Not all of the tasks identified in this ETP need to be performed. Each task alone can improve the safety. This engineering task plan is the management plan document for implementing the necessary additional structural analysis. Any additional changes to meet requirements of standing orders shall require a Letter of Instruction from Numatec Hanford Company (NHC).

KOSTELNIK, A.J.

1999-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

447

ECUT energy data reference series: high-temperature materials for advanced heat engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information that describes the use of high-temperature materials in advanced heat engines for ground transportation applications is summarized. Applications discussed are: automobiles, light trucks, and medium and heavy trucks. The information provided on each of these modes includes descriptions of the average conversion efficiency of the engine, the capital stock, the amount of energy used, and the activity level as measured in ton-miles.

Abarcar, R.B.; Hane, G.J.; Johnson, D.R.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Duty Diesel Truck Internal Combustion Engine Lower Heatinglow efficiency internal combustion engine (ICE) operation,the fuel in internal combustion engines, there are several

Zhao, Hengbing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trucks can increase fuel economy by 3-6% over the long haultrucks can increase fuel economy by 3-6% over the long haul

Zhao, Hengbing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Broadband light-emitting diode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A broadband light-emitting diode. The broadband light-emitting diode (LED) comprises a plurality of III-V compound semiconductor layers grown on a semiconductor substrate, with the semiconductor layers including a pair of cladding layers sandwiched about a strained-quantum-well active region having a plurality of different energy bandgaps for generating light in a wavelength range of about 1.3-2 .mu.m. In one embodiment of the present invention, the active region may comprise a first-grown quantum-well layer and a last-grown quantum-well layer that are oppositely strained; whereas in another embodiment of the invention, the active region is formed from a short-period superlattice structure (i.e. a pseudo alloy) comprising alternating thin layers of InGaAs and InGaAlAs. The use a short-period superlattice structure for the active region allows different layers within the active region to be simply and accurately grown by repetitively opening and closing one or more shutters in an MBE growth apparatus to repetitively switch between different growth states therein. The broadband LED may be formed as either a surface-emitting LED or as an edge-emitting LED for use in applications such as chemical sensing, fiber optic gyroscopes, wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) fiber-optic data links, and WDM fiber-optic sensor networks for automobiles and aircraft.

Fritz, Ian J. (Albuquerque, NM); Klem, John F. (Sandia Park, NM); Hafich, Michael J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Broadband light-emitting diode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A broadband light-emitting diode is disclosed. The broadband light-emitting diode (LED) comprises a plurality of III-V compound semiconductor layers grown on a semiconductor substrate, with the semiconductor layers including a pair of cladding layers sandwiched about a strained-quantum-well active region having a plurality of different energy bandgaps for generating light in a wavelength range of about 1.3--2 {micro}m. In one embodiment of the present invention, the active region may comprise a first-grown quantum-well layer and a last-grown quantum-well layer that are oppositely strained; whereas in another embodiment of the invention, the active region is formed from a short-period superlattice structure (i.e. a pseudo alloy) comprising alternating thin layers of InGaAs and InGaAlAs. The use a short-period superlattice structure for the active region allows different layers within the active region to be simply and accurately grown by repetitively opening and closing one or more shutters in an MBE growth apparatus to repetitively switch between different growth states therein. The broadband LED may be formed as either a surface-emitting LED or as an edge-emitting LED for use in applications such as chemical sensing, fiber optic gyroscopes, wavelength-divisionmultiplexed (WDM) fiber-optic data links, and WDM fiber-optic sensor networks for automobiles and aircraft. 10 figs.

Fritz, I.J.; Klem, J.F.; Hafich, M.J.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

452

Truck and rail charges for shipping spent fuel and nuclear waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory developed techniques for calculating estimates of nuclear-waste shipping costs and compiled a listing of representative data that facilitate incorporation of reference shipping costs into varius logistics analyses. The formulas that were developed can be used to estimate costs that will be incurred for shipping spent fuel or nuclear waste by either legal-weight truck or general-freight rail. The basic data for this study were obtained from tariffs of a truck carrier licensed to serve the 48 contiguous states and from various rail freight tariff guides. Also, current transportation regulations as issued by the US Department of Transportation and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission were investigated. The costs that will be incurred for shipping spent fuel and/or nuclear waste, as addressed by the tariff guides, are based on a complex set of conditions involving the shipment origin, route, destination, weight, size, and volume and the frequency of shipments, existing competition, and the length of contracts. While the complexity of these conditions is an important factor in arriving at a ''correct'' cost, deregulation of the transportation industry means that costs are much more subject to negotiation and, thus, the actual fee that will be charged will not be determined until a shipping contract is actually signed. This study is designed to provide the baseline data necessary for making comparisons of the estimated costs of shipping spent fuel and/or nuclear wastes by truck and rail transportation modes. The scope of the work presented in this document is limited to the costs incurred for shipping, and does not include packaging, cask purchase/lease costs, or local fees placed on shipments of radioactive materials.

McNair, G.W.; Cole, B.M.; Cross, R.E.; Votaw, E.F.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

SuperTruck Making Leaps in Fuel Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof theRestoration at Young -Final ProgramAbout »SuperTruck Making Leaps

454

SuperTruck Making Leaps in Fuel Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof theRestoration at Young -Final ProgramAbout »SuperTruck Making

455

Voluntary Truck and Bus Fuel-Economy-Program marketing plan. Final technical report, September 29, 1980-January 29, 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of the program is to improve the utilization of fuel by commercial trucks and buses by updating and implementing specific approaches for educating and monitoring the trucking industry on methods and means of conserving fuels. The following outlines the marketing plan projects: increase use of program logo by voluntary program members and others; solicit trade publication membership and support; brief Congressional delegations on fuel conservation efforts; increase voluntary program presence before trade groups; increase voluntary program presence at truck and trade shows; create a voluntary program display for use at trade shows and in other areas; review voluntary program graphics; increase voluntary program membership; and produce placemats carrying fuel conservation messages; produce a special edition of Fuel Economy News, emphasizing the driver's involvement in fuel conservation; produce posters carrying voluntary program fuel conservation message. Project objectives, activities, and results for each project are summarized.

none,

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

System design specification for rotary mode core sample trucks No. 2, 3, and 4 programmable logic controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The system this document describes controls several functions of the Core Sample Truck(s) used to obtain nuclear waste samples from various underground storage tanks at Hanford. The system will monitor the sampling process and provide alarms and other feedback to insure the sampling process is performed within the prescribed operating envelope. The intended audience for this document is anyone associated with rotary or push mode core sampling. This document describes the Alarm and Control logic installed on Rotary Mode Core Sample Trucks (RMCST) {number_sign}2, 3, and 4. It is intended to define the particular requirements of the RMCST alarm and control operation (not defined elsewhere) sufficiently for detailed design to implement on a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC).

Dowell, J.L.; Akers, J.C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

457

Advanced Hybrid Propulsion and Energy Management System for High Efficiency, Off Highway, 240 Ton Class, Diesel Electric Haul Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to reduce the fuel consumption of off-highway vehicles, specifically large tonnage mine haul trucks. A hybrid energy storage and management system will be added to a conventional diesel-electric truck that will allow capture of braking energy normally dissipated in grid resistors as heat. The captured energy will be used during acceleration and motoring, reducing the diesel engine load, thus conserving fuel. The project will work towards a system validation of the hybrid system by first selecting an energy storage subsystem and energy management subsystem. Laboratory testing at a subscale level will evaluate these selections and then a full-scale laboratory test will be performed. After the subsystems have been proven at the full-scale lab, equipment will be mounted on a mine haul truck and integrated with the vehicle systems. The integrated hybrid components will be exercised to show functionality, capability, and fuel economy impacts in a mine setting.

Richter, Tim; Slezak, Lee; Johnson, Chris; Young, Henry; Funcannon, Dan

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

458

Commercial Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Commercial lighting accounts for more than 20 percent of total commercial building energy use. The Energy Department works to reduce lighting energy use through research and deployment.

459

INTRODUCTION TEA 21 (Transportation Equity Act 21) of 1998 allows heavy sugarcane truck loads on Louisiana interstate highways.These heavier loads are currently being  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, are significant parameters of highway traffic.TEA 21 is allowing sugarcane trucks to haul loads up to 100,000 lb that the study include vehicles hauling sugarcane biomass for alternative fuel and electricity generation. DuringINTRODUCTION TEA 21 (Transportation Equity Act 21) of 1998 allows heavy sugarcane truck loads

Harms, Kyle E.

460

Currently, in countries where automobiles are moving on the right, drivers are required to drive in the rightmost lane. To overtake another vehicle, they move one lane to the left, pass, and return to their  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary Currently, in countries where automobiles are moving on the right, drivers are required automobiles travel on the left. Finally, in "Further Thinking", we try to integrate more factors to improve February 11, 2014 Abstract Currently, in countries where automobiles are moving on the right, drivers

Morrow, James A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

1/25/12 Aspirations in Colorado to Be a New Motor City -NYTimes.com 1/5www.nytimes.com/2011/12/18/automobiles/aspirations-in-colorado-to-be-a-new-motor-city.html?page...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/12/18/automobiles/aspirations-in-colorado-to-be-a-new-motor-city.html?page... Search All NYTimes.com Enlarge Automobiles WORLD U.S. N.Y. / REGION BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY SCIENCE HEALTH SPORTS OPINION ARTS STYLE TRAVEL JOBS.com 2/5www.nytimes.com/2011/12/18/automobiles/aspirations-in

462

Self Healing Coatings | Polymer Coatings | Automotive Paints | Hea... http://living.oneindia.in/automobiles/auto-news/2008/polymer-coati... 1 of 2 2/6/09 10:29 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self Healing Coatings | Polymer Coatings | Automotive Paints | Hea... http://living.oneindia.in/automobiles Healing Polymer Coatings Send A Wish To Your Valentine Living » Automobiles » Auto-news » Full story Photo Entertainment Hotels Jobs Living News Shopping Travel Videos Automobiles | Beauty | Celebrity | Columnists

Braun, Paul

463

Medium Truck Duty Cycle Data from Real-World Driving Environments: Project Interim Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the early part of the 20th century, the US trucking industry has provided a safe and economical means of moving commodities across the country. At the present time, nearly 80% of the US domestic freight movement involves the use of trucks. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is spearheading a number of research efforts to improve heavy vehicle fuel efficiencies. This includes research in engine technologies (including hybrid and fuel cell technologies), lightweight materials, advanced fuels, and parasitic loss reductions. In addition, DOE is developing advanced tools and models to support heavy vehicle truck research, and is leading the 21st Century Truck Partnership whose stretch goals involve a reduction by 50% of the fuel consumption of heavy vehicles on a ton-mile basis. This Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) Project is a critical element in DOE s vision for improved heavy vehicle energy efficiency and is unique in that there is no other national database of characteristic duty cycles for medium trucks. It involves the collection of real-world data for various situational characteristics (rural/urban, freeway/arterial, congested/free-flowing, good/bad weather, etc.) and looks at the unique nature of medium trucks drive cycles (stop-and-go delivery, power takeoff, idle time, short-radius trips), to provide a rich source of data that can contribute to the development of new tools for fuel efficiency and modeling, provide DOE a sound basis upon which to make technology investment decisions, and provide a national archive of real-world-based medium-truck operational data to support heavy vehicle energy efficiency research. The MTDC project involves a two-part field operational test (FOT). For the Part-1 FOT, three vehicles, each from two vocations (urban transit and dry-box delivery) were instrumented for one year of data collection. The Part-2 FOT will involve the towing/recovery and utility vocations. The vehicles participating in the MTDC project are doing so through gratis partnerships in return for early access to the results of this study. Partnerships such as these are critical to FOTs in which real-world data is being collected. In Part 1 of the project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory(ORNL) established partnerships with the H.T. Hackney Company, one of the largest wholesale distributors in the country, distributing products to 21 states; and with the Knoxville Area Transit (KAT), the City of Knoxville s transit system, operating services across the city of Knoxville and parts of Knox co. These partnerships and agreements provided ORNL access to three Class-7 2005/2007 International day-cab tractors, model 8600, which regularly haul 28 ft pup trailers (H.T. Hackney Co) and three Class-7 2005 Optima LF-34 buses (KAT), for collection of duty cycle data. In addition, ORNL has collaborated with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to determine if there were possible synergies between this duty cycle data collection effort and FMCSA s need to learn more about the operation and duty cycles of the second-largest fuel consuming commercial vehicle category in the US. FMCSA s primary interest was in collecting safety data relative to the driver, carrier, and vehicle. In order to collect the duty cycle and safety-related data, ORNL developed a data acquisition and wireless communication system that was placed on each test vehicle. Each signal recorded in this FOT was collected by means of one of the instruments incorporated into each data acquisition system (DAS). Native signals were obtained directly from the vehicle s J1939 and J1708 data buses. A VBOX II Lite collected Global Positioning System related information including speed, acceleration, and spatial location information at a rate of 5 Hz, and communicated this data via the CAN (J1939) protocol. The Air-Weigh LoadMaxx, a self-weighing system which determines the vehicle s gross weight by means of pressure transducers and posts the weight to the vehicle s J1939 data bus, was used to collect vehicle payload information. A cellular modem, the Raven X

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Applied & Computational Mathematics Challenges for The Design and Control of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. energy consumption and emit 50% of CO2 emissions in the U.S. which is more than twice the total energy addresses the issue of energy consumption in the building sector and significantly reduces energy consump consumption of the entire U.S. automobile and light truck fleet. A 50%­80% improvement in building energy

Buehrer, R. Michael

465

Building Surface Science Capacity to Serve the Automobile Industry in Southeastern Michigan, final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project, “Building Surface Science Capacity to Serve the Automobile Industry in Southeastern Michigan” was carried out in two phases: (1) the 2009 – 2012 renovation of space in the new EMU Science Complex, which included the Surface Science Laboratory (SSL), a very vigorous research lab at EMU that carries on a variety of research projects to serve the auto and other industries in Michigan; and (2) the 2013 purchase of several pieces of equipment to further enhance the research capability of the SSL. The funding granted by the DoE was proposed to “renovate the space in the Science Complex to include SSL and purchase equipment for tribological and electrochemical impedance measurements in the lab, thus SSL will serve the auto and other industries in Michigan better.” We believe we have fully accomplished the mission.

Shen, Weidian

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

466

Energy Efficiency and Energy Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency and Energy Policy David E. Claridge, Director Energy Systems Laboratory November 19, 2014 ESL-KT-14-11-17 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 50 Years of Automobile Improvements ? 1960s...: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Impact of Auto/Truck Efficiency Increases ? Autos/light trucks used energy = Energy Imports in 2012 ? AUTO/TRUCK EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS have CUT U.S. ENERGY IMPORTS IN HALF ESL...

Claridge, D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Heavy-Duty Truck Emissions in the South Coast Air Basin of Gary A. Bishop,* Brent G. Schuchmann,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heavy-Duty Truck Emissions in the South Coast Air Basin of California Gary A. Bishop,* Brent G, Colorado 80208, United States ABSTRACT: California and Federal emissions regulations for 2007 and newer of nitrogen spurring the introduction of new aftertreatment systems. Since 2008, four emission measurement

Denver, University of

468

Pollution-Related Health Effects of Truck-to-Train Freight Modal Shifts in the Midwestern United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by reducing air pollution. Objective: This study sought to quantify the pollution-related health impactsPollution-Related Health Effects of Truck-to-Train Freight Modal Shifts in the Midwestern United Background: Outdoor air pollution causes increases in mortality, cardiovascular events, and respiratory

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

469

Economic Feasibility of Converting Landfill Gas to Natural Gas for Use as a Transportation Fuel in Refuse Trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to global climate change, diesel-fueled refuse trucks are one of the most concentrated sources of health-threatening air pollution in most cities. The landfills that they ultimately place their waste in are the second largest source of human-related methane...

Sprague, Stephen M.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

470

Trends in the size distribution, highway use, and consumption of gasoline and diesel fuels of the U.S. Commercial Truck Fleet, 1977-2002.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on various major long-range (1977-2002, 1982-2002) U.S. commercial trucking trends by using U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census Vehicle/Truck Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS/TIUS) data from this period, as well as selected 1977-2002 data from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA) and the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA's) Highway Statistics. Analyses are made of (1) overall passenger vehicle versus truck consumption patterns of gasoline and diesel fuel and (2) the population growth and fuels used by all commercial truck classes and selected truck types (single unit and combination). Selected vehicle miles traveled, gallons per vehicle miles traveled, and gallons per cargo ton-miles traveled trends, as well as the effect of cargo tons per truck on fuel consumption, are also assessed. In addition, long-range trends of related factors (such as long-haul mileages driven by heavy trucks) and their impacts on both reducing fuel consumption per cargo-ton-mile and the relative shares of total commercial fuel use among truck classes were examined. Results of these trends on U.S. petroleum consumption are identified. The effects of basic engineering design and performance, national Interstate highway construction legislation, national demographic trends (such as suburbanization), and changes in U.S. corporate operational requirements are discussed. Their impacts on both the long-distance hauling and shorter-distance urban and suburban delivery markets of the commercial trucking industry are highlighted.

Bertram, K. M.; Santini, D. J.; Anderson, J. L.; Vyas, A. D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

UF{sub 6} tiedowns for truck transport - right way/wrong way  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tiedown systems for truck transport of UF{sub 6} must be defined and controlled to assure the least risk for hauling the material over the highways. This paper and an associated poster display will present the current status of regulatory criteria for tiedowns, analyze the structural stresses involved in tiedowns for two major UF{sub 6} packaging systems, the 21PF series of overpacks and the 48 in. diameter shipping cylinders, and will present photographs showing some {open_quote}right ways{close_quotes} and some {open_quotes}wrong (or risky) ways{close_quotes} currently used for tiedown systems. Risky tiedown methods must be replaced with safer less risky methods to insure the safe transport of UF{sub 6}.

Stout, F.W. Jr. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

472

Diesel Fueled SOFC for Class 7/Class 8 On-Highway Truck Auxiliary Power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following report documents the progress of the Cummins Power Generation (CPG) Diesel Fueled SOFC for Class 7/Class 8 On-Highway Truck Auxiliary Power (SOFC APU) development and final testing under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) contract DE-FC36-04GO14318. This report overviews and summarizes CPG and partner development leading to successful demonstration of the SOFC APU objectives and significant progress towards SOFC commercialization. Significant SOFC APU Milestones: Demonstrated: Operation meeting SOFC APU requirements on commercial Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) fuel. SOFC systems operating on dry CPOX reformate. Successful start-up and shut-down of SOFC APU system without inert gas purge. Developed: Low cost balance of plant concepts and compatible systems designs. Identified low cost, high volume components for balance of plant systems. Demonstrated efficient SOFC output power conditioning. Demonstrated SOFC control strategies and tuning methods.

Vesely, Charles John-Paul [Cummins Power Generation; Fuchs, Benjamin S. [Cummins Power Generation; Booten, Chuck W. [Protonex Technology, LLC

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

473

Fuel Economy Improvement Potential of a Heavy Duty Truck using V2x Communication  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce an intelligent driver assistance system to reduce fuel consumption in heavy duty vehicles irrespective of the driving style of the driver. We specifically study the potential of V2I and V2V communications to reduce fuel consumption in heavy duty trucks. Most ITS communications today are oriented towards vehicle safety, with communications strategies and hardware that tend to focus on low latency. This has resulted in technologies emerging with a relatively limited range for the communications. For fuel economy, it is expected that most benefits will be derived with greater communications distances, at the scale of many hundred meters or several kilometers, due to the large inertia of heavy duty vehicles. It may therefore be necessary to employ different communications strategies for ITS applications aimed at fuel economy and other environmental benefits than what is used for safety applications in order to achieve the greatest benefits.

LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Verma, Rajeev [Eaton Corporation; Norris, Sarah [Eaton Corporation; Cochran, Robert [Eaton Corporation

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Life-cycle Energy and Emissions Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, School Buses, Electric Buses, Chicago Rail, and New York City Rail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emissions Inventories for Motorcycles, Diesel Automobiles, Chen, K.S. , et al. , 2003.  Motorcycle Emissions and Fuel On Road  Mopeds and Motorcycles.  Available online at 

Chester, Mikhail; Horvath, Arpad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Smart Lighting Controller!! Smart lighting!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1! Smart Lighting Controller!! #12;2! Smart lighting! No need to spend energy lighting the room if://blogs.stthomas.edu/realestate/2011/01/24/residential-real-estate-professionals-how-do-you- develop feedback! There is a connection between the output and the input! Therefore forces inputs to same voltage

Anderson, Betty Lise

476

Commercial Lighting and LED Lighting Incentives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Incentives for energy efficient commercial lighting equipment as well as commercial LED lighting equipment are available to businesses under the Efficiency Vermont Lighting and LED Lighting...

477

Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freig pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freig pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation ope

478

http://tti.tamu.edu Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://tti.tamu.edu Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight pipeline transportation >>> Transportation operat > Freight traffic > Commodities > Travel time > Travel demand > http

479

Diesel Truck Traffic in Low-Income and Minority Communities Adjacent to Ports: Environmental Justice Implications of Near-Roadway Land Use Conflicts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Panel OKs Cleanup Plan for Port Trucks. Los Angeles Times,in Communities near the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach.8. Emission Reduction Plan for Ports and Goods Movement.

Houston, Douglas; Krudysz, Margaret; Winer, Arthur

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Lighting Renovations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

When undertaking a lighting renovation in a Federal building, daylighting is the primary renewable energy opportunity. Photovoltaics (PV) also present an excellent opportunity. While this guide...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automobiles light trucks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Cerenkov Light  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

Slifer, Karl

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

482

Cerenkov Light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

Slifer, Karl

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

483

Study of solar-assisted thermoelectric technology for automobile air conditioning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytical study was conducted to determine the feasibility of employing solar energy assisted thermoelectric (TE) cooling technology in automobile air conditioners. The study addressed two key issues -- power requirements and availability of thermoelectric materials. In this paper a mathematical model was developed to predict the performance of TE air conditioners and to analyze power consumption. Results show that the power required to deliver a cooling capacity of 4 kW (13,680 Btu/h) in a 38 C (100 F) environment will be 9.5 kW electric. Current TE modules suitable for air conditioning are made of bismuth telluride. The element tellurium is expected to be in short supply if TE cooling is widely implemented for auto air conditioning; some options available in this regard were studied and presented in this paper. The photovoltaic (PV) cells, assumed to cover the roof area of a compact car can only generate about 225 W. However, this is more than enough to power a fan to provide air ventilation to the car interior which significantly reduces the peak cooling load when the car is parked in bright sunlight.

Mei, V.C.; Chen, F.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Mathiprakasam, B.; Heenan, P. [Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, MO (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Comparison of global warming impacts of automobile air-conditioning concepts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The global warming impacts of conventional vapor compression automobile air conditioning using HFC-134a are compared with the potential impacts of four alternative concepts. Comparisons are made on the basis of total equivalent warming impact (TEWI) which accounts for the effects of refrigerant emissions, energy use to provide comfort cooling, and fuel consumed to transport the weight of the air conditioning system. Under the most favorable assumptions on efficiency and weight, transcritical compression using CO{sub 2} as the refrigerant and adsorption cooling with water and zeolite beds could reduce TEWI by up to 18%rlative to HFC-134a compression air conditioning. Other assumptions on weight and efficiency lead to significant increases in TEWI relative to HFC-134a, and it is impossible to determine which set of assumptios is valid from existing data, Neither Stirling cycle or thermoelectric cooling will reduce TEWI relative to EFC-134a. Brief comments are also made concerning technical barriers that must be overcome for succesful development of the new technologies.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

485

REPORT on the TRUCK BRAKE LINING WORKSHOP and FLEET OPERATORS' SURVEY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report summarizes what transpired during brake linings-related workshop held at the Fall 2003 meeting of the Technology and Maintenance Council (TMC) in Charlotte, NC. The title of the workshop was ''Developing a Useful Friction Material Rating System''. It was organized by a team consisting of Peter Blau (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), Jim Britell (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration), and Jim Lawrence (Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association). The workshop was held under the auspices of TMC Task Force S6 (Chassis), chaired by Joseph Stianche (Sanderson Farms, Inc.). Six invited speakers during the morning session provided varied perspectives on testing and rating aftermarket automotive and truck brake linings. They were: James R. Clark, Chief Engineer, Foundation Brakes and Wheel Equipment, Dana Corporation, Spicer Heavy Axle and Brake Division; Charles W. Greening, Jr, President, Greening Test Labs; Tim Duncan, General Manager, Link Testing Services;Dennis J. McNichol, President, Dennis NationaLease; Jim Fajerski, Business Manager, OE Sales and Applications Engineering, Federal Mogul Corporation; and Peter J. Blau, Senior Materials Development Engineer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The afternoon break-out sessions addressed nine questions concerning such issues as: ''Should the federal government regulate aftermarket lining quality?''; ''How many operators use RP 628, and if so, what's good or bad about it?''; and ''Would there be any value to you of a vocation-specific rating system?'' The opinions of each discussion group, consisting of 7-9 participants, were reported and consolidated in summary findings on each question. Some questions produced a greater degree of agreement than others. In general, the industry seems eager for more information that would allow those who are responsible for maintaining truck brakes to make better, more informed choices on aftermarket linings. A written fleet operator survey was also conducted during the TMC meeting. Twenty-one responses were received, spanning fleet sizes between 12 and 170,000 vehicles. Responses are summarized in a series of tables separated into responses from small (100 or fewer powered vehicles), medium (101-1000 vehicles), and large fleets (>1000 vehicles). The vast majority of fleets do their own brake maintenance, relying primarily on experience and lining manufactures to select aftermarket linings. At least half of the responders are familiar to some extent with TMC Recommended Practice 628 on brake linings, but most do not use this source of test data as the sole criterion to select linings. Significant shortfalls in the applicability of TMC RP 628 to certain types of brake systems were noted.

Blau, P.J.

2003-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

486

Liquid natural gas as a transportation fuel in the heavy trucking industry. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report encompasses the second year of a proposed three year project with emphasis focused on fundamental research issues in Use of Liquid Natural Gas as a Transportation Fuel in the Heavy Trucking Industry. These issues may be categorized as (1) direct diesel replacement with LNG fuel, and (2) long term storage/utilization of LNG vent gases produced by tank storage and fueling/handling operation. The results of this work are expected to enhance utilization of LNG as a transportation fuel. The paper discusses the following topics: (A) Fueling Delivery to the Engine, Engine Considerations, and Emissions: (1) Atomization and/or vaporization of LNG for direct injection diesel-type natural gas engines; (2) Fundamentals of direct replacement of diesel fuel by LNG in simulated combustion; (3) Distribution of nitric oxide and emissions formation from natural gas injection; and (B) Short and long term storage: (1) Modification by partial direct conversion of natural gas composition for improved storage characteristics; (2) LNG vent gas adsorption and recovery using activate carbon and modified adsorbents; (3) LNG storage at moderate conditions.

Sutton, W.H.

1997-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

487

Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projects have found a variety of different mass-reduction vehicle designs across different light-duty vehicle classes (sportscars, sedans,

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Shielding and criticality analyses of phase I reference truck and rail cask designs for spent nuclear fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results are presented herein to determine the adequacy with respect to shielding regulations of reference designs for a truck cask containing 2 PWR or 5 BWR assemblies of standard burnup (45 GWd/MTU for PWR, 40 GWd/MTU for BWR) and 1 PWR assembly with extended burnup (55 GWd/MTU). The study also includes reference and modified rail cask designs with projected payloads of 8, 10, or 12 PWR assemblies. The burnup/age trends are analyzed in one dimension for both Pb and depleted uranium (DU) gamma-ray shields. The results of the two-dimensional shielding analysis uphold the one-dimensional results as being an appropriate means of studying the burnup/age trends for the truck cask. These results show that the reference design for the Pb-shield truck cask is inadequate for all cases considered, while the DU-shield truck cask is capable of carrying the desired payloads. The one-dimensional shielding analysis results for the reference Pb and DU rail casks indicate substantial margins exist in the side doses for reasonable burnup/age combinations. For a Pb-cask configuration, margins exist primarily for long-cooled (15 years) fuel. For the modified Pb and DU rail casks, the 2-m dose rates offer substantial margins below the regulatory limits for all burnup values considered provided the spent fuel has cooled for {>=}10 years. The modified Pb and DU casks yield essentially identical results and, hence, could be considered equivalent from a shielding perspective. The criticality analyses that were performed indicate that a truck basket can be designed to provide an adequate subcritical margin for 2 PWR assemblies enriched to 5 wt%. While the 10- and 12- assembly rail cask designs are very close to the regulatory limit of 0.95 for k{sub eff}, after accounting for a 0.01 {Delta}k bias and 2 standard deviations, the limit is exceeded by about 3%. It is believed that a combination of decreased enrichments and/or increased water gaps should allow these baskets to be acceptable.

Broadhead, B.L.; Childs, R.L.; Parks, C.V.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

"Dedicated To The Continued Education, Training and Demonstration of PEM Fuel Cell Powered Lift Trucks In Real-World Applications."  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project objective was to further assist in the commercialization of fuel cell and H2 technology by building further upon the successful fuel cell lift truck deployments that were executed by LiftOne in 2007, with longer deployments of this technology in real-world applications. We involved facilities management, operators, maintenance personnel, safety groups, and Authorities Having Jurisdiction. LiftOne strived to educate a broad group from many areas of industry and the community as to the benefits of this technology. Included were First Responders from the local areas. We conducted month long deployments with end-users to validate the value proposition and the market requirements for fuel cell powered lift trucks. Management, lift truck operators, Authorities Having Jurisdiction and the general public experienced 'hands on' fuel cell experience in the material handling applications. We partnered with Hydrogenics in the execution of the deployment segment of the program. Air Products supplied the compressed H2 gas and the mobile fueler. Data from the Fuel Cell Power Packs and the mobile fueler was sent to the DOE and NREL as required. Also, LiftOne conducted the H2 Education Seminars on a rotating basis at their locations for lift trucks users and for other selected segments of the community over the project's 36 month duration. Executive Summary The technology employed during the deployments program was not new, as the equipment had been used in several previous demos and early adoptions within the material handling industry. This was the case with the new HyPx Series PEM - Fuel Cell Power Packs used, which had been demo'd before during the 2007 Greater Columbia Fuel Cell Challenge. The Air Products HF-150 Fueler was used outdoors during the deployments and had similarly been used for many previous demo programs. The methods used centered on providing this technology as the power for electric sit-down lift trucks at high profile companies operating large fleets. As a long-standing lift truck dealership, LiftOne was able to introduce the fuel cells to such companies in the demanding applications. Accomplishments vs Objectives: We were successful in respect to the stated objectives. The Education Segment's H2 Education Sessions were able to introduce fuel cell technology to many companies and reached the intended broad audience. Also, demos of the lift truck at the sessions as well as the conferences; expos and area events provided great additional exposure. The Deployments were successful in allowing the 6 participating companies to test the 2 fuel cell powered lift trucks in their demanding applications. One of the 6 sites (BMW) eventually adopted over 80 fuel cells from Plug Power. LiftOne was one of the 3 fuel cell demonstrators at BMW for this trial and played a major role in helping to prove the viability and efficiency of this alternative form of energy for BMW. The other 5 companies that participated in the project's deployments were encouraged by the trials and while not converting over to fuel cell power at this time, expressed the desire to revisit acquisition scenarios in the near future as the cost of fuel cells and infrastructure continue to improve. The Education sessions began in March of 2009 at the 7 LiftOne Branches and continued throughout the duration of the project. Attendees came from a large base of lift truck users in North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia. The sessions were free and invitations were sent out to potential users and companies with intrigue. In addition to the Education content at the sessions (which was offered in a 'H2 101' format), LiftOne was able to demonstrate a working fuel cell powered lift truck, which proved to be a big draw with the 'hands on' experience. LiftOne also demo'd the fuel cell lift trucks at many conferences, expos, professional association meetings, trade shows and 'Green' events in major cities region including Charlotte, Greenville, and Columbia. Such events allowed for H2 Education Material to be presented, and recruit attendees for future sessi

Dever, Thomas J.

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

490

In-Use and Vehicle Dynamometer Evaluation and Comparison of Class 7 Hybrid Electric and Conventional Diesel Delivery Trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study compared fuel economy and emissions between heavy-duty hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and equivalent conventional diesel vehicles. In-use field data were collected from daily fleet operations carried out at a FedEx facility in California on six HEV and six conventional 2010 Freightliner M2-106 straight box trucks. Field data collection primarily focused on route assessment and vehicle fuel consumption over a six-month period. Chassis dynamometer testing was also carried out on one conventional vehicle and one HEV to determine differences in fuel consumption and emissions. Route data from the field study was analyzed to determine the selection of dynamometer test cycles. From this analysis, the New York Composite (NYComp), Hybrid Truck Users Forum Class 6 (HTUF 6), and California Air Resource Board (CARB) Heavy Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck (HHDDT) drive cycles were chosen. The HEV showed 31% better fuel economy on the NYComp cycle, 25% better on the HTUF 6 cycle and 4% worse on the CARB HHDDT cycle when compared to the conventional vehicle. The in-use field data indicates that the HEVs had around 16% better fuel economy than the conventional vehicles. Dynamometer testing also showed that the HEV generally emitted higher levels of nitric oxides than the conventional vehicle over the drive cycles, up to 77% higher on the NYComp cycle (though this may at least in part be attributed to the different engine certification levels in the vehicles tested). The conventional vehicle was found to accelerate up to freeway speeds over ten seconds faster than the HEV.

Burton, J.; Walkowicz, K.; Sindler, P.; Duran, A.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

The economic utilization and value of time savings to trucking fleets of private firms resulting from improved highways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of human wants. For this reason the value of time to automobile users has been measured in this study on the basis of demand, i. e. , what the user is 'willing to pay for timesaving, as evidenced by the study of the comparative usage of toll roads... operations so as to take advantage of any and all profit potential that arises within the normal operating realm of the business enterprise. " The above proposition has been inherent in all past studies of com- mercial vehicle time. In other words, all...

McFarland, William F

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

492

Light Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A configuration of light pulses is generated, together with emitters and receptors, that allows computing. The computing is extraordinarily high in number of flops per second, exceeding the capability of a quantum computer for a given size and coherence region. The emitters and receptors are based on the quantum diode, which can emit and detect individual photons with high accuracy.

Gordon Chalmers

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

493

Large Scale Duty Cycle (LSDC) Project: Tractive Energy Analysis Methodology and Results from Long-Haul Truck Drive Cycle Evaluations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses the approach that will be used in the Large Scale Duty Cycle (LSDC) project to evaluate the fuel savings potential of various truck efficiency technologies. The methods and equations used for performing the tractive energy evaluations are presented and the calculation approach is described. Several representative results for individual duty cycle segments are presented to demonstrate the approach and the significance of this analysis for the project. The report is divided into four sections, including an initial brief overview of the LSDC project and its current status. In the second section of the report, the concepts that form the basis of the analysis are presented through a discussion of basic principles pertaining to tractive energy and the role of tractive energy in relation to other losses on the vehicle. In the third section, the approach used for the analysis is formalized and the equations used in the analysis are presented. In the fourth section, results from the analysis for a set of individual duty cycle measurements are presented and different types of drive cycles are discussed relative to the fuel savings potential that specific technologies could bring if these drive cycles were representative of the use of a given vehicle or trucking application. Additionally, the calculation of vehicle mass from measured torque and speed data is presented and the accuracy of the approach is demonstrated.

LaClair, Tim J [ORNL

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Lighting Inventory Lighting Theatre and Drama  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lighting Inventory Lighting Theatre and Drama Description Totals R.Halls Wells- Metz Light ERS ETC SourceFour 25 25 50 degree ERS Strand Lighting 64 14 24 12 14 36 degree ERS ETC Source Four 15 15 36 degree ERS Strand Lighting 124 60 58 2 4 26 degree ERS ETC SourceFour 2 2 26 degree ERS Strand

Indiana University

495

Light Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LawrenceEfeedstocks and the climateLife a Light

496

Light' Darkness  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LawrenceEfeedstocks and the climateLifeLight to

497

Residential Lighting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared atEffectquestionnairesU.S. EnergyEnergy EfficiencyLighting

498

SUBMITTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION, JANUARY 2001; REVISED MAY 2001, AND AUG 2001 1 A feedback control scheme for reversing a truck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUBMITTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION, JANUARY 2001; REVISED MAY 2001, AND AUG 2001 1 A feedback control scheme for reversing a truck and trailer vehicle Claudio Alta#12;ni, Alberto the parts of the multibody vehicle, sometimes it is necessary to drive forward to enter in a speci#12;c

Altafini, Claudio

499

Light Water Reactor Sustainability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program ACCOMPLISHMENTS REPORT 2013 Accomplishments Report | Light Water Reactor Sustainability 2 T he mission of the Light Water Reactor...

500

Light Water Reactor Sustainability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Light Water Reactor Sustainability ACCOMPLISHMENTS REPORT 2014 Accomplishments Report | Light Water Reactor Sustainability 2 T he mission of the Light Water Reactor...