Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

ISSUANCE 2014-12-31: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers, Final Rule  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers, Final Rule

2

Webinar: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers; Notice of Public Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE is conducting a public meeting and webinar for the notice of public meeting regarding energy conservation standards for automatic commercial ice makers. For more information, please visit the...

3

2014-03-07 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for automatic commercial ice makers, as issued by the Assistant Secretary on March 7, 2014.

4

2014-06-09 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers; Notice of Public Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register Notice of Public Meeting regarding Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Maker, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on June 9, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

5

Automatic Commercial Ice Makers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy (DOE) develops standardized data templates for reporting the results of tests conducted in accordance with current DOE test procedures. Templates may be used by third-party laboratories under contract with DOE that conduct testing in support of ENERGY STAR verification, DOE rulemakings, and enforcement of the federal energy conservation standards.

6

2014-09-05 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers; Notice of Data Availability and Request for Comment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of data availability and request for comment regarding energy conservation standards for automatic commercial ice makers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 5, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

7

Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Ice Machines | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ice Machines Ice Machines Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Ice Machines October 8, 2013 - 2:25pm Addthis Vary capacity size, energy cost, hours of operation, and /or efficiency level. INPUT SECTION Input the following data (if any parameter is missing, calculator will set to default value). Defaults Type of Ice Cube Machine Ice Making Head Self-Contained Remote Condensing Unit Ice Making Head Type of Condenser Air Cooled Water Cooled Air Cooled Ice Harvest Rate (lbs. ice per 24 hrs.) lbs. per 24 hrs. 500 lbs. per 24 hrs. Energy Consumption (per 100 lbs. of ice) kWh 5.5 kWh Quantity of ice machines to be purchased 1 Energy Cost $/kWh 0.06 $/kWh Annual Hours of Operation hrs. 3000 hrs. Calculate Reset OUTPUT SECTION Performance per Ice Cube Machine Your

8

An Automatic Commercial Search Application for TV Broadcasting Using Audio Fingerprinting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Consequently, a multimedia file search problem arises and it has drawn more and more attention in the past decade. In this thesis, we propose an automatic commercial search scheme using audio fingerprinting and implement it in a PC-based application. Our...

Song, Yaohua

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

9

Vehicle Technologies Office 2013 Merit Review: A System for Automatically Maintaining Pressure in a Commercial Truck Tire  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A presentation given by PPG during the 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting on a system for automatically maintaining tire pressure in commercial truck tires.

10

Ice  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ice Ice Nature Bulletin No. 661-A january 7, 1978 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation ICE There was a time when ice, cut on frozen ponds and lakes, was transported by fast clipper ships from New England to New Orleans where it was worth its weight in gold. Nowadays this cold brittle colorless substance is commonplace everywhere. Few people, however, know that ice is one of the strangest of all solids; and that, because of its unique properties, life on earth is what it is. Those properties are due to the distinctive structure of a molecule of water, formed of three elemental particles or atoms -- two of hydrogen and one of oxygen -- expressed by the familiar symbol, H2O. The three atoms are held together by two chemical bonds expressed by another symbol, H-O-H. Briefly, the unique properties of water, water vapor, and ice arise from that bonding and the arrangement of electron pairs around the oxygen atom.

11

Commercial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

12

PFP Public Automatic Exchange (PAX) Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Critical Characteristics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document specifies the critical characteristics for Commercial Grade Items (CGI) procured for use within the safety envelope of PFP's PAX system as required by HNF-PRO-268 and HNF-PRO-1819. These are the minimum specifications that the equipment must meet in order to properly perform its safety function. There may be several manufacturers or models that meet the critical characteristics for any one item.

WHITE, W.F.

2000-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

13

COMMERCIALIZING  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

COMMERCIALIZING TECHNOLOGIES & CREATING JOBS Our location in the SS&TP plays a vital role in our ability to leverage the deep domain expertise of Sandia. Our proximity to the Labs...

14

Commercial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SRC 7439-R3 Energy Edge Impact Evaluation Early Overview, Final Report. R. Diamond, J. Harris, M. Piette, O. deBuen, and B. Nordman. Lawrence Berkeley Lab. (1290). Commercial...

15

Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers: Public Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

VerDate Mar2010 16:35 Jan 23, 2012 VerDate Mar<15>2010 16:35 Jan 23, 2012 Jkt 226001 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 4702 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\24JAP1.SGM 24JAP1 srobinson on DSK4SPTVN1PROD with PROPOSALS 3404 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 15 / Tuesday, January 24, 2012 / Proposed Rules (5) Totaling the results in section 12(b)(4); (6) Subtracting the total in section 12(b)(5) from the total in section 12(b)(3); and (7) Multiplying the result in section 12(b)(6) by your share. Example: You have a 100 percent share in one basic unit with 10 acres of fresh peaches and 5 acres of processing peaches designated on your acreage report, with a 300 bushel per acre production guarantee for both fresh and processing peaches, and you select 100 percent of the price election of $15.50 per bushel for fresh peaches and $6.50 per bushel

16

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 42, NO. 7, JULY 2004 1433 Automatic Detection and Validity of the Sea-Ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by insulating the ocean from the atmosphere and increasing the surface albedo. Sea-ice Manuscript received Detection and Validity of the Sea-Ice Edge: An Application of Enhanced-Resolution QuikScat/SeaWinds Data Abstract--Sea-ice edge detection is an essential task at the different national ice services to secure

Long, David G.

17

Best Management Practice #11: Commercial Kitchen Equipment |...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

savings. Water-using commercial kitchen equipment include pre-rinse spray valves, wash tanks and sinks, commercial dishwashers, food steamers, steam kettles, commercial ice...

18

Prevention of ice formation in light-aircraft-engine induction systems by using an automatic control to operate the carburetor-air heater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

range of atmospheric conditions and engine power settings. The limits of serious icing at the various power set- tings for a typical float-type carburetor from an engine in the 65 to 85 horsepower range, as found by Coles (4)H are as zollows: Engine.... occur with a change in vapor pressure of about fifteen pounds per square inch. Since the unit is large enough to be afi'eoted by atmospheric pressure changes, an additional bellows would be necessary to compensate for these changes. This would sdd...

Whisenhunt, Garland Bishop

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

SHAPE-CONSTRAINED SEGMENTATION APPROACH FOR ARCTIC MULTIYEAR SEA ICE FLOE ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for automatic ice floe tracking from Synthetic Aperture Radar or optical remote sensing imagery employ adaptiveSHAPE-CONSTRAINED SEGMENTATION APPROACH FOR ARCTIC MULTIYEAR SEA ICE FLOE ANALYSIS Yuliya Tarabalka Research Association, MD, USA. e-mail: yuliya.tarabalka@inria.fr ABSTRACT The melting of sea ice

Boyer, Edmond

20

Ice Fishing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ice Fishing Ice Fishing Nature Bulletin No. 327-A January 11, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation ICE FISHING We have a peculiar class of people known as the "Frosty-toed Tribe". As soon as winter comes and the ice permits, they put on all the clothes they own and what they can borrow, pack their automobiles with equipment, and start early in the morning for some inland body of water or a bay along one of the Great Lakes. Usually, two or three go together and they may drive 50 or 100 miles. For hours, even in below zero weather, they huddle around holes cut in the ice, fishing patiently, sustained by hope, hot coffee, and a lot of conversation. Some days a man may catch nothing. Other days he may bring home all the law allows. Sometimes he fishes vainly until almost sundown and then begins to haul them in, all of the same kind and size, as fast as he can re-bait his hook. In the meantime, other anglers have rushed over, cut holes, and are fishing all around him -- usually in vain, because one of the strange things about ice fishing is that, although you may catch fish out of one hole, you may get nothing out of another only a few feet from it, using the same kind of bait at the same depth. There are a lot of hotly contested theories but nobody knows why. After watching and questioning scores of ice fishermen, some of them noted for their prowess, we find that although each has his own secret techniques and favorite spots, good catches seem more a matter of luck than skill. Although they are sluggish and don't fight, fish caught in winter have the firmest flesh and finest flavor. The biggest thrill comes from the skillet.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Energy Efficiency Program for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Test Procedures for  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6/2/11 6/2/11 Comments to the following DOE Proposed Rules: 10 CFR Part 431 [Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-TP-0036] RIN 1904-AC38 Energy Efficiency Program for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Test Procedures for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers Submitted by: Mary C. Howe, President, Howe Corporation, Chicago, IL 60642 mchowe@howecorp.com CORPORATION 1650 N Elston Ave * Chicago, IL. 60642 * (773) 235-0200 * Fax (773) 235-0269 * E-mail: howeinfo@howecorp.com 2 Item 1 - DOE also requests comment on the proposal that the use of amended test procedure be required upon the effective date of any test procedure final rule, 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. In the case of the addition of continuous production remote condenser ACIM's, the outside testing

22

Memphis Light, Gas and Water (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Advice and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Memphis Light, Gas and Water (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Memphis Light, Gas and Water (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Advice and Incentives Program Memphis Light, Gas and Water (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Advice and Incentives Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Manufacturing Other Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Commercial Weatherization Maximum Rebate 70% of project cost Program Info State Tennessee Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Dishwashers: $400 - $1500 Commercial Refrigerator: $60 - $100 Ice Machines: $100 - $400 Insulated Holding Cabinets: $250 - $600 Electric Steam Cookers: $400 Electric Convection Ovens: $200 Electric Griddles: $200 Electric Combination Ovens: $2,000

23

DOE/EA-1643: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 431 Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (December 2008)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR 10 CFR Part 431 Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator- Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers December 2008 CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 16-1 16.2 AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS ............................................................................................ 16-1

24

Mars gets new icing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... north pole. Here the ice-cap shrinks each summer as a veneer of carbon dioxide burns off, revealing plenty of less volatile water ice beneath. The ice-cap at the ... beneath. The ice-cap at the red planet's south pole is covered with strange pits, called Swiss-cheese features. They have flat bottoms and steep sides; some are ...

Philip Ball

2003-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

25

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Clothes Washers Clothes Washers Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the energy efficiency level of residential clothes washers since 1988. Residential clothes washers use a water solution of soap and/or detergent and mechanical agitation or other movement to clean clothes. These include automatic, semi-automatic, and "other" clothes washers (known collectively as "clothes washer products"). This category does not include commercial clothes washers used in commercial settings, multifamily housing, or coin laundries. Standards put in place in 1994, 2004, and 2007 will save approximately 16.4 quads of energy and result in approximately $346.2 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 1994-2036. The standards will avoid about 870.2 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of about 170.6 million automobiles.

26

Arctic ice islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of offshore oil and gas resources in the Arctic waters of Alaska requires offshore structures which successfully resist the lateral forces due to moving, drifting ice. Ice islands are floating, a tabular icebergs, up to 60 meters thick, of solid ice throughout their thickness. The ice islands are thus regarded as the strongest ice features in the Arctic; fixed offshore structures which can directly withstand the impact of ice islands are possible but in some locations may be so expensive as to make oilfield development uneconomic. The resolution of the ice island problem requires two research steps: (1) calculation of the probability of interaction between an ice island and an offshore structure in a given region; and (2) if the probability if sufficiently large, then the study of possible interactions between ice island and structure, to discover mitigative measures to deal with the moving ice island. The ice island research conducted during the 1983-1988 interval, which is summarized in this report, was concerned with the first step. Monte Carlo simulations of ice island generation and movement suggest that ice island lifetimes range from 0 to 70 years, and that 85% of the lifetimes are less then 35 years. The simulation shows a mean value of 18 ice islands present at any time in the Arctic Ocean, with a 90% probability of less than 30 ice islands. At this time, approximately 34 ice islands are known, from observations, to exist in the Arctic Ocean, not including the 10-meter thick class of ice islands. Return interval plots from the simulation show that coastal zones of the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas, already leased for oil development, have ice island recurrences of 10 to 100 years. This implies that the ice island hazard must be considered thoroughly, and appropriate safety measures adopted, when offshore oil production plans are formulated for the Alaskan Arctic offshore. 132 refs., 161 figs., 17 tabs.

Sackinger, W.M.; Jeffries, M.O.; Lu, M.C.; Li, F.C.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Commercial Performance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Performance Commercial Performance Objectives: To review the market potential for improvements in commercial building glazings, quantify the energy savings potentials, explore potential design solutions, and develop guidelines and tools for building designers so that systems are specified and used in an optimal manner. A special emphasis is placed on the daylighting performance of glazings in commercial buildings since lighting is the single largest energy end use and daylighting can improve both visual performance and the quality of the indoor space as well as saving energy. Technical Approach: This project has two major complementary elements. The first is the exploration and assessment of glazing performance in commercial buildings leading to development of design strategies that reduce unnecessary energy use. The final step is creating design guides and tools that make this design knowledge accessible to practitioners, typically carried out in partnership with others. Although the emphasis is energy impacts, e.g. annual energy use, the performance issues addressed in the guides and tools include all that impact the final glazing selection process, e.g. appearance, glare. The second element is an exploration of daylighting strategies for commercial buildings since lighting energy use is the major energy end use in most buildings. This work develops and evaluates new daylighting devices and designs, assesses performance in commercial buildings, and demonstrates system performance using test cells, test rooms and case study buildings. All energy-related aspects of the design solutions, as well as other critical performance issues, are addressed in this work. Results of this work are integrated into the guides and tools described above. Much of this work has been co-supported by utilities and has been carried on in conjunction with participants in an International Energy Agency Daylighting Task.

28

Wind, sea ice, inertial oscillations and upper ocean mixing in Marguerite Bay, Western Antarctic Peninsula : observations and modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two years of moored oceanographic and automatic weather station data which span the winter ice seasons of 2001-2003 within Marguerite Bay on the western Antarctic Peninsula (wAP) shelf were collected as part of the Southern ...

Hyatt, Jason

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

FAFCO Ice Storage test report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Ice Storage Test Facility (ISTF) is designed to test commercial ice storage systems. FAFCO provided a storage tank equipped with coils designed for use with a secondary fluid system. The FAFCO ice storage system was tested over a wide range of operating conditions. Measured system performance during charging showed the ability to freeze the tank fully, storing from 150 to 200 ton-h. However, the charging rate showed significant variations during the latter portion of the charge cycle. During discharge cycles, the storage tank outlet temperature was strongly affected by the discharge rate and tank state of charge. The discharge capacity was dependent upon both the selected discharge rate and maximum allowable tank outlet temperature. Based on these tests, storage tank selection must depend on both charge and discharge conditions. This report describes FAFCO system performance fully under both charging and discharging conditions. While the test results reported here are accurate for the prototype 1990 FAFCO Model 200, currently available FAFCO models incorporate significant design enhancements beyond the Model 200. At least one major modification was instituted as a direct result of the ISTF tests. Such design improvements were one of EPRI`s primary goals in founding the ISTF.

Stovall, T.K.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Commercial Norms, Commercial Codes, and International Commercial Arbitration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The article defends the incorporation of commercial norms into commercial codes, through provisions such as statute 1-205 of the Uniform Commercial Code. It finds significant reliance on trade usages in international ...

Drahozal, Christopher R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Incentives over $5,000 must be pre-approved Program Info Funding Source Efficiency Vermont Public Benefit Fund Expiration Date 06/30/2013 State Vermont Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Outside Air Economizers: $1,250 Evaporator Fan Motors: $20 - $100 Evaporator Fan Motor Controls: $550 Door/Frame Heater Controls: $50 per door Case Light Occupancy Controls: $40 LED Refrigerator and Freezer Case Light Fixtures: $6 - $15 per foot Energy Star Ice Machines: $50 - $75 Efficient Compressors: $200 Display Case Strip-Curtain and Continuous Covers: $6 per foot

32

Robot Chemist Analyzes Automatically  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Robot Chemist Analyzes Automatically ... Automatic control of a variety of routine analytical procedures is possible with equipment now available from Research Specialties, Richmond, Calif., under the general term "robot chemist." ... The robot chemist is a system of modules which can be connected in many ways to control all steps from measurement of the sample to recording of the data. ...

1960-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

33

Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment October 8, 2013 - 9:42am Addthis Commercial kitchen equipment represents a large set of water users in the non-residential sector. Water efficiency for commercial kitchen equipment is especially important because high volume applications typically use mostly hot water. Ensuring commercial kitchen equipment uses water efficiently affords both significant water and energy savings. Water-using commercial kitchen equipment include pre-rinse spray valves, wash tanks and sinks, commercial dishwashers, food steamers, steam kettles, commercial ice makers, and combination ovens (combination oven/steamer). Operation and Maintenance To maintain water efficiency in operations and maintenance, Federal

34

Mobile Ice Nucleus Spectrometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This first year report presents results from a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study to assess the flow and temperature profiles within the mobile ice nucleus spectrometer.

Kulkarni, Gourihar R.; Kok, G. L.

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Ice age paleotopography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A gravitationally self-consistent theory of postglacial relative sea level change is used to infer the variation of surface ice and water cover since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). The results show that LGM ice volume was approximately 35 percent lower than suggested by the CLIMAP reconstruction and the maximum heights of the main Laurentian and Fennoscandian ice complexes are inferred to have been commensurately lower with respect to sea level. Use of these Ice Age boundary conditions in atmospheric general circulation models will yield climates that differ significantly from those previously inferred on the basis of the CLIMAP data set.

Peltier, W.R. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada))

1994-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

36

Abstract--Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) catheters enable high-quality ultrasound imaging within the heart, but  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) catheters enable high-quality ultrasound imaging model for robotic control of commercial ICE catheters. The four actuated degrees of freedom (4-DOF) are two catheter handle knobs to produce bi-directional bending in combination with rotation

37

Automatic input rectification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a novel technique, automatic input rectification, and a prototype implementation, SOAP. SOAP learns a set of constraints characterizing typical inputs that an application is highly likely to process correctly. ...

Long, Fan

38

Automatic Input Rectification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a novel technique, automatic input rectification, and a prototype implementation called SOAP. SOAP learns a set of constraints characterizing typical inputs that an application is highly likely to process ...

Long, Fan

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

39

System for Automatically Maintaining Pressure in a Commercial Truck Tire  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

40

Fish Smother Under Ice  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Smother Under Ice Smother Under Ice A BULLETIN FOR THE CHICAGO PUBLIC SCHOOLS DESIGNED FOR INCLUSION IN THE WEEKLY ANNOUNCEMENT SENT OUT FROM THE OFFICE OF SUPT. WILLIAM H. JOHNSON Clayton F. Smith, President Roberts Mann, Superintendent of Conservation February 1, 1945 Nature Bulletin No. 1 FOREST PRESERVE NOTES Grown-ups, who used to kive on a farm or in a small town, are fond of talking about the old-fashioned winters "when I was a boy" and the winters that grandpa used to tell about. Well, one would have to go back a long, long time to find a winter as severe as this one. FISH SMOTHER UNDER ICE Lakes and streams breathe the same as living things. When they are covered with ice and snow they cannot get air and they much hold their breath until the ice thaws. While they are holding their breath the oxygen in the water is gradually used up by the living things sealed up in it -- fish, plants "bugs", snails, and hosts of microscopic life. If the ice lasts long enough, these living things die one after another as each kind reaches the point where it cannot stand any further oxygen starvation. Sometimes temporary relief is given by rains and melting snow that bring fresh, serated water under the ice, but no method of artificial respiration has been found that works. Sometimes, too, when water plants get enough sunlight through clear ice they produce small amounts of oxygen and delay the suffocation of the fish, etc.; but when snow and cloudy ice cuts off the light this does not happen.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

DIFFRACTION STUDIES OF ICE Alexe BOSAK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ic 28o halo observed at least 7 times since 1629 octahedral particles of ice Ic! #12;Cooling downDIFFRACTION STUDIES OF ICE Alexeï BOSAK European Synchrotron Radiation Facility #12;Ice as the mild threat ice Ih the only ice in the crust #12;Ice as the absolute weapon Ice IX : melting point 45.8°C

Titov, Anatoly

42

The Viscosity of Ice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

11 September 1908 research-article The Viscosity of Ice R. M. Deeley The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings of...

1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Automatic Lighting Shutoff for Tenant Spaces - Code Notes | Building Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Automatic Lighting Shutoff for Tenant Spaces - Code Notes Automatic Lighting Shutoff for Tenant Spaces - Code Notes Automatic shutoff capability for all interior building lighting (with exceptions) is required by ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 (as well as previous versions back to 1999) and the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (including versions back to 2003) for buildings over 5,000ft2. Publication Date: Thursday, March 10, 2011 cn_automatic_lighting_shutoff_for_tenant_spaces.pdf Document Details Document Number: PNNL-SA-66719 Prepared by: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program Focus: Compliance Building Type: Commercial Code Referenced: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 2009 IECC Document type: Code Notes Target Audience: Architect/Designer Builder Code Official

44

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA

45

ICE Raids: Compounding Production, Contradiction, and Capitalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

America: Factories and ICE Raids Produce Citizens Americansubjects. ICE raids (re)produce workers contradictoryfactories and ICE raids have come to produce immigrant

Reas, Elizabeth I

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Ice cream headache  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ice cream headache Ice cream headache Name: fath Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: What causes an "ice cream headache"? Are they dangerous? What would happen if I induced an ice cream headache when I had a regular headache? Replies: This is really a neat question. I am certainly no expert on headaches, but it has a lot to do blood circulation in the sinuses and around and within the brain. Why do some people get them easily and other seem resistant? The cold might restrict blood flow which is the basis for the problem. An Ice cream headache can be turned "on" or "off" by adjusting the rate of consumption, Slurpees work best, so really cold stuff enhances the effect. Are there stages: cold sensation, lingering headache, subsiding headache, warming, etc? Does the cold actually create similar headache "conditions" or does the brain confused cause it cannot directly feel pain? The difference in people is probably due to differences in arteriole branching and general circulation. In my experience smokers get worse headaches than nonsmokers of the same age. Do you find a similar trend? I am trying to stimulate discussion!

47

Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds In a heated battle, ice crystals win the competition for cloud water vapor The mighty cloud ice crystal appears deceptively...

48

Designing for effective stationkeeping in ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and intervention vessels for Arctic oil and gas. #12;2. An effective Ice Management system · Ice Management for the CIVArctic vessel. - Comparison with the ice model tests carried out in the Aker Arctic ice tank in May 2011

Nørvåg, Kjetil

49

Integrated Ice Storage/Sprinkler HVAC System Sharply Cuts Energy Costs and Air-Distribution First Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated ice thermal storage/sprinkler HVAC systems developed and applied by the author in several commercial applications shift a major portion of electric utility demand to cheaper off-peak hours, while also reducing significantly the first cost...

Meckler, G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Commercial Buildings Consortium  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Commercial Buildings Integration Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

51

Technology Commercialization Fund - EERE Commercialization Office  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fund The Technology Commercialization Fund (TCF) is designed to complement angel investment or early stage corporate product development. The fund totaled nearly 14.3 million in...

52

Molecules, ices and astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Features Molecules, ices and astronomy David A Williams, Wendy A Brown, Stephen...brown@ucl.ac.uk Dept of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street...of Chemistry, UCL Dept of Physics and Astronomy, UCL Over the past 40 years, about......

D A Williams; W A Brown; S D Price; J M C Rawlings; S Viti

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

ice | proceedings Forensic Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ice | proceedings Forensic Engineering Volume 165 Issue FE4 November 2012 Forensic Engineering or economic damage. Research and practice papers are sought on traditional or modern forensic engineering, design and construction. Topics covered also include research and education best practice in forensic

Mottram, Toby

54

Fast, Optimized Sun RPC Using Automatic Program Specialization Gilles Muller, Renaud Marlet, Calton Pu and Ashvin Goel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast, Optimized Sun RPC Using Automatic Program Specialization Gilles Muller, Renaud Marlet, Calton automatic optimization of an existing, commercial RPC implementation, namely the Sun RPC. The optimized Sun the original Sun RPC. Close examination of the specialized code does not reveal further optimization

Goel, Ashvin

55

Commercial | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial Commercial Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (5 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

56

Commercialization | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercialization Commercialization Commercialization See an example of these steps in the commercialization process of Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries. See an example of these steps in the commercialization process of Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries. Commercialization is the process by which technologies and innovations developed in the lab make their way to market. By licensing patents or using Energy Department facilities, researchers from the private sector and academia are able to take advantage of federal investments into basic science research, while researchers are able to ensure that their discoveries have a life beyond the lab. The Energy Department also helps entrepreneurs, small business owners and

57

Cool energy savings opportunities in commercial refrigeration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The commercial sector consumes over 13 quads of primary energy annually. Most of this consumption (two-thirds) meets the energy needs of lighting and heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. The largest consuming group of the remaining one-third is commercial refrigeration at about one quad annually (990 trillion Btu), valued at over $7 billion per year to the commercial sector consumer. Potential energy savings are estimated to be about 266 trillion Btu, with consumer savings valued at about $2 billion. This study provides the first known estimates of these values using a bottom-up approach. The authors evaluated numerous self-contained and engineered commercial refrigeration systems in this study, such as: supermarket central systems, beverage merchandisers, ice machines, and vending machines. Typical physical characteristics of each equipment type were identified at the component level for energy consumption. This information was used to form a detailed database from which they arrived at the estimate of 990 trillion Btu energy consumption for the major equipment types used in commercial refrigeration. Based on the implementation of the most cost-effective technology improvements for the seven major equipment types, they estimated an annual potential energy savings of 266 trillion Btu. Much of the savings can be realized with the implementation of high-efficiency fan motors and compressors. In many cases, payback can be realized within three years.

Westphalen, D.; Brodrick, J.; Zogg, R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Formation of high density amorphous ice by decompression of ice VII and ice VIII at 135 K  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of ice Ih and are found to have very similar structures. By cooling liquid water along the water trans- forms into ice VIII when cooled . With this in mind Klug et al. were able to produce low densityFormation of high density amorphous ice by decompression of ice VII and ice VIII at 135 K Carl Mc

McBride, Carl

59

Limited Lawn & Limited Commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Limited Lawn & Ornamental Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance Review and Exams Limited for Commercial Landscape Maintenance Application: http://www.flaes.org/ pdf/lndspckt.pdf Limited Certification.floridatermitehelp.org or request by phone at 850-921-4177. Limited Lawn & Ornamental/Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance

Watson, Craig A.

60

Limited Lawn & Limited Commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Limited Lawn & Ornamental Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance Review and Exams Limited-921-4177. Limited Lawn & Ornamental/Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance: Ornamental and Turf Pest Control (SM 7&O/Structural only). See web locations below for applications. Limited Certification for Commercial Landscape

Jawitz, James W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Image Content Engine (ICE)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Image Content Engine (ICE) is being developed to provide cueing assistance to human image analysts faced with increasingly large and intractable amounts of image data. The ICE architecture includes user configurable feature extraction pipelines which produce intermediate feature vector and match surface files which can then be accessed by interactive relational queries. Application of the feature extraction algorithms to large collections of images may be extremely time consuming and is launched as a batch job on a Linux cluster. The query interface accesses only the intermediate files and returns candidate hits nearly instantaneously. Queries may be posed for individual objects or collections. The query interface prompts the user for feedback, and applies relevance feedback algorithms to revise the feature vector weighting and focus on relevant search results. Examples of feature extraction and both model-based and search-by-example queries are presented.

Brase, J M

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

62

Hidden force floating ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Because of the segmental specific-heat disparity of the hydrogen bond (O:H-O) and the Coulomb repulsion between oxygen ions, cooling elongates the O:H-O bond at freezing by stretching its containing angle and shortening the H-O bond with an association of larger O:H elongation, which makes ice less dense than water, allowing it to float.

Chang Q. Sun

2015-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

63

Automatic readout micrometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A measuring system is disclosed for surveying and very accurately positioning objects with respect to a reference line. A principal use of this surveying system is for accurately aligning the electromagnets which direct a particle beam emitted from a particle accelerator. Prior art surveying systems require highly skilled surveyors. Prior art systems include, for example, optical surveying systems which are susceptible to operator reading errors, and celestial navigation-type surveying systems, with their inherent complexities. The present invention provides an automatic readout micrometer which can very accurately measure distances. The invention has a simplicity of operation which practically eliminates the possibilities of operator optical reading error, owning to the elimination of traditional optical alignments for making measurements. The invention has an extendable arm which carries a laser surveying target. The extendable arm can be continuously positioned over its entire length of travel by either a coarse or fine adjustment without having the fine adjustment outrun the coarse adjustment until a reference laser beam is centered on the target as indicated by a digital readout. The length of the micrometer can then be accurately and automatically read by a computer and compared with a standardized set of alignment measurements. Due to its construction, the micrometer eliminates any errors due to temperature changes when the system is operated within a standard operating temperature range.

Lauritzen, Ted (Lafayette, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Methanesulfonate in the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 Ice Core  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sulfate in the Dye 3 and Camp Century Greenland ice cores infor SO4 2- in the Dye 3, Camp Century, MSA to non-sea salt

Saltzman, E. S; Whung, P.-Y.; Mayewski, P. A

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Commercial Buildings Consortium  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Buildings Consortium Commercial Buildings Consortium Sandy Fazeli National Association of State Energy Officials sfazeli@naseo.org; 703-299-8800 ext. 17 April 2, 2013 Supporting Consortium for the U.S. Department of Energy Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: * Many energy savings opportunities in commercial buildings remain untapped, underserved by the conventional "invest-design-build- operate" approach * The commercial buildings sector is siloed, with limited coordination

66

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 39 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial.

67

Automatic Control Laboratory ETH, Zurich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Control Laboratory ETH, Z¨urich Physikstrasse 3 8092 Z¨urich, Switzerland +41 44 632 22 from the airport to Z¨urich city and goes directly past ETH. There are ticket machines outside 71 How to get to the Automatic Control Laboratory (IfA) From the Z¨urich airport: · By Taxi. Taxi

Lygeros, John

68

Experimental results of a household automatic icemaker in a refrigerator/freezer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the performance test results of an automatic icemaker refrigerator under various modes of icemaker operation. The tests were conducted on a 20-ft{sup 3} (0.566-m{sup 3}) household refrigerator that had a single forced convection evaporator and was charged with R-12. The focus of the research was to ascertain the effect of icemaker operation on the refrigerator`s daily energy consumption. Thus, three different types of tests were conducted, depending upon the icemaker`s operating mode. In the first test type, the baseline, the automatic icemaker was turned off and no ice was made. In the second test type, the ice-making mode (test A), the icemaker was turned on and ice was continuously made. Compared to the baseline, additional power was intermittently consumed by a mold heater that melts the ice cubes` interface with the tray, a solenoid valve that supplies water to the icemaker tray, and a motor that rotates the ejector blades to press the crescent-shaped ice cubes out of the mold and unload them into an ice bin. In the third test type, the failure mode (test B), the water supply was manually disconnected but the icemaker was left turned on. Even though no ice was made, additional power was still consumed by the mold heater, the solenoid valve, and the motorized ejector. In tests A and B, the energy consumed by the icemaker`s components increases the cooling load, which raises the compressor power consumption. The present study shows that at the AHAM-specified test conditions, uninterrupted icemaking increased the daily energy consumption by 22.5% to 27.2%.

Haider, I.; Feng, H.; Radermacher, R. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Center for Environmental Energy Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

69

Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

70

Fire and Ice Issue 9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s FIRE AND ICE # 9 IB FIRE ICE #9 A Blake/Avon slash fanzine r Available from: Kathleen Resch POBox 1766 Temple City, CA 91780 Kathleener@aol.com FIRE AND ICE # 9copyright May, 2005 by Kathleen Resch for the contributors. No reprints... or reproduction without the written permission ofthe author/artist This is an amateur publication and is not p intended to infringe upon the rights ofany holders of"Blake's 7" copyrights. FIRE AND ICE 9 TABLE OF CONTENTS LEAVING ROOM 101 by Nova 2 TOO MANY...

Multiple Contributors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

ARM - Lesson Plans: When Land Ice Melts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ice melts? Do you think melting glaciers and other land-based ice masses will make sea level rise? Will it submerge the continents on which the ice used to be? Most of the...

72

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

73

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

74

Therapeutic Hypothermia: Protective Cooling Using Medical Ice...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Therapeutic Hypothermia: Protective Cooling Using Medical Ice Slurry Technology available for licensing: Proprietary method and equipment for making an ice slurry coolant to induce...

75

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Slides from a Commercial Building Initiative webinar outlining the Commercial Building Asset Rating Program on August 23, 2011.

76

Symbiosis Biofeedstock Conference: Expanding Commercialization...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofeedstock Conference: Expanding Commercialization of Mutualistic Microbes to Increase Feedstock Production Symbiosis Biofeedstock Conference: Expanding Commercialization of...

77

Commercial Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings Buildings Integration Program Arah Schuur Program Manager arah.schuur@ee.doe.gov April 2, 2013 Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Vision Commercial buildings are constructed, operated, renovated and transacted with energy performance in mind and net zero ready commercial buildings are common and cost-effective. Commercial Buildings Integration Program Mission Accelerate voluntary uptake of significant energy performance improvements in existing and new commercial buildings. 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov BTO Goals: BTO supports the development and deployment of technologies and systems to reduce

78

Renae Speck Commercialization Manager  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Manager Renae Speck, Ph.D is a Commercialization Manager in the Office of Technology Transfer in the Partnership Directorate at the United States Department of Energy's Oak...

79

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Buildings Characteristics 1992 Buildings Characteristics Overview Full Report Tables National and Census region estimates of the number of commercial buildings in the U.S. and...

80

Average Commercial Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 1231 Reserves...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Commercial & Industrial Demand Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Smart Grid Demand Response Agricultural Residential Demand Response Commercial & Industrial Demand Response...

82

Commercial Marketing Toolkit  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial-Marketing-Toolkit Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Policy & Reporting Expand Policy & Reporting EE Sectors Expand EE Sectors Technology...

83

Commercial fertilizers 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a compendium of tables on consumption of commercial fertilizers in the USA in 1993, including types of different fertilizers and consumption of each.

Berry, J.T.; Montgomery, M.H.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

ARM - Measurement - Cloud ice particle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ice particle ice particle ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud ice particle Particles made of ice found in clouds. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Field Campaign Instruments REPLICATOR : Balloon-borne Ice Crystal Replicator CPI : Cloud Particle Imager CVI-AIR : Counterflow Virtual Impactor LEARJET : Lear Jet PARTIMG : Particle imager UAV-PROTEUS-MICRO : Proteus Cloud Microphysics Instruments

85

Nanotechnology Commercialization in Oregon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology Commercialization in Oregon February 27, 2012 Portland State University Physics Seminar Robert D. "Skip" Rung President and Executive Director #12;2 Nanotechnology Commercialization on "green" nanotechnology and gap fund portfolio company examples #12;3 Goals of the National Nanotechnology

Moeck, Peter

86

Clothes Dryer Automatic Termination Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volume 2: Improved Sensor and Control Designs Many residential clothes dryers on the market today provide automatic cycles that are intended to stop when the clothes are dry, as determined by the final remaining moisture content (RMC). However, testing of automatic termination cycles has shown that many dryers are susceptible to over-drying of loads, leading to excess energy consumption. In particular, tests performed using the DOE Test Procedure in Appendix D2 of 10 CFR 430 subpart B have shown that as much as 62% of the energy used in a cycle may be from over-drying. Volume 1 of this report shows an average of 20% excess energy from over-drying when running automatic cycles with various load compositions and dryer settings. Consequently, improving automatic termination sensors and algorithms has the potential for substantial energy savings in the U.S.

TeGrotenhuis, Ward E.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Commercial | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial Commercial Jump to: navigation, search Click to return to AEO2011 page AEO2011 Data From AEO2011 report . Market Trends The AEO2011 Reference case shows minimal change in commercial energy use per capita between 2009 and 2035 (Figure 62). While growth in commercial floorspace (1.2 percent per year) is faster than growth in population (0.9 percent per year), energy use per capita remains relatively steady due to efficiency improvements in equipment and building shells. Efficiency standards and the addition of more efficient technologies account for a large share of the improvement in the efficiency of end-use services, notably in space cooling, refrigeration, and lighting.[1] Issues in Focus In 2009, the residential and commercial buildings sectors used 19.6

88

Ice deformation near SHEBA R. W. Lindsay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the vicinity of the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) ice camp that is suitable for forcing factor for regional heat fluxes, ice growth and melt rates, and ice strength [Maykut, 1982Ice deformation near SHEBA R. W. Lindsay Polar Science Center, University of Washington, Seattle

Lindsay, Ron

89

Comment on ``A quantitative framework for interpretation of basal ice facies formed by ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heave would be expected to produce were revealed beneath the Kamb Ice Stream by the pioneering boreholeComment on ``A quantitative framework for interpretation of basal ice facies formed by ice quantitative framework for interpretation of basal ice facies formed by ice accretion over subglacial sediment

Worster, M. Grae

90

Ice coring on Vestfonna Ice Cap Contact person: John Moore (jmoore@ulapland.fi).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reach bedrock about 4 tons of ice will need to be flown out to Longyearbyen in insulated boxesIce coring on Vestfonna Ice Cap Contact person: John Moore (jmoore@ulapland.fi). Participants, Polish Academy of Science glowacki@igf.edu.pl Science: Ice cores from the glaciers outside the main ice

Moore, John

91

ORIGINAL PAPER A bacterial ice-binding protein from the Vostok ice core  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to produce a 54 kDa ice-binding protein (GenBank EU694412) that is similar to ice-binding proteins previously- vival at sub-zero temperatures by producing proteins that bind to and inhibit the growth of ice crystalsORIGINAL PAPER A bacterial ice-binding protein from the Vostok ice core James A. Raymond ? Brent C

Christner, Brent C.

92

The Effects of Rotation and Ice Shelf Topography on Frazil-Laden Ice Shelf Water Plumes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Antarctica. In addition, it is found that the model only produces reasonable marine ice formation rates whenThe Effects of Rotation and Ice Shelf Topography on Frazil-Laden Ice Shelf Water Plumes PAUL R of the dynamics and thermodynamics of a plume of meltwater at the base of an ice shelf is presented. Such ice

Feltham, Daniel

93

IceCube Collaboration Governance Document IceCube Collaboration Governance Document  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IceCube Collaboration Governance Document IceCube Collaboration Governance Document Revision 8.1, November 21, 2014 Page 1 of 20 #12;IceCube Collaboration Governance Document IceCube Collaboration Governance Document Revision 8.1, November 21, 2014 Collaboration Objectives The IceCube Collaboration (the

Saffman, Mark

94

Climatic Ice Core Records from the Tropical Quelccaya Ice Cap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...DANSGAARD, W, LATE CENOZOIC GLACIA 37 ( 1971 ). DANSGAARD, W, ONE THOUSAND CENTURIES OF CLIMATIC RECORD FROM CAMP CENTURY ON GREENLAND ICE SHEET, SCIENCE 166 : 377 ( 1969 ). DANSGAARD, W, STABLE ISOTOPES IN PRECIPITATION, TELLUS 16...

LONNIE G. THOMPSON; STEFAN HASTENRATH; BENJAMN MORALES ARNAO

1979-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

95

Fire and Ice Issue 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. fipl cpn r FLASHPOINT A flame that can't be seen, cloaked in black and silver and disdain, born of anger and of love no longer dared. An ice-encrusted soul, dormant in the aftermath of accusations piled like snow against the heated passions of a man who...^ $$% i&l /P^ \\0 rffej FIRE AND ICE AVAILABLE FROM Kathleen Resch PO Box 1766 Temple City, CA 91780 FIRE AND ICE II TABLE OF CONTENTS COVER by Phoenix FRONTISPIECE by Gayle Feyrer "Flashpoint" by Rachel Duncan 1 PEDESTAL by Thomas 2 "A Damn Fine...

Multiple Contributors

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Fire and Ice Issue 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

       ' FIRE and ICE # 7 -p! jP) FIRE AND ICE VII Available from: Kathleen Resch PO Box 1766 Temple City, CA 91780 Kathleener@aol.com May 2002by Kathleen Reschfor the contributors. No reprints or reproduction without the written... permission of the author/artist. Thisis an amateur publication and is not in tended to infringe upon the rights ofTerryNation, BBC-TV or any others. i - J FIRE AND ICE VI Table of Contents HALF A LOAF by Linda Norman 1 GROUNDHOG LAY by Predatrlx 5 PLAYTIME...

Multiple Contributors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Ice mechanics and risks to offshore structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume brings together the results of all salient research development in ice engineering, from smaller scale to full size tests on ice strength and ice mechanics which is essential criteria for the design of safe, cost effective structures. Much of the data has been released from confidential industry files and thus allows, for the first time, a full appraisal of the subject. Contents include - Types and Distribution of Ice, Mechanical Properties, Measurements of Ice-Structure Interaction, and Analysis of Ice Failure and Design Ice Loads. This work is completed with a full literary review and subject index.

Sanderson, T.J.O.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

3D Patterning of Micro and Nanostructures by Ion Controlled Etching (ICE) process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Process with commercial standard equipment Y Process designed for deployment in large volume production Y3D Patterning of Micro and Nanostructures by Ion Controlled Etching (ICE) process Technology offer: heinz.goedl@tuwien.ac.at Contact Ion implantation controlled process for high resolution patterning of 3

Szmolyan, Peter

99

Longitudinal discharge XeCl excimer laser with automatic UV preionization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A longitudinal discharge XeCl 308-nm excimer laser operated with automatic spark UV preionization is reported. Laser oscillation has been obtained using a four-segmented longitudinal discharge tube of 260 mm length and 4 mm inner diameter and employing a capacitor transfer circuit with commercially available doorknob ceramic capacitors. Spark UV preionization has been found to increase the laser output energy.

Furuhashi, H.; Hiramatsu, M.; Goto, T.

1987-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

100

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Reports > 2003 Building Characteristics Overview Data Reports > 2003 Building Characteristics Overview 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey—Commercial Buildings Characteristics Released: May 2002 Topics: Energy Sources and End Uses | End-Use Equipment | Conservation Features and Practices Additional Information on: Survey methods, data limitations, and other information supporting the data The 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) was the seventh in the series begun in 1979. The 1999 CBECS estimated that 4.7 million commercial buildings (± 0.4 million buildings, at the 95% confidence level) were present in the United States in that year. Those buildings comprised a total of 67.3 (± 4.6) billion square feet of floorspace. Additional information on 1979 to 1999 trends

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Technology Commercialization Program 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This reference compilation describes the Technology Commercialization Program of the Department of Energy, Defense Programs. The compilation consists of two sections. Section 1, Plans and Procedures, describes the plans and procedures of the Defense Programs Technology Commercialization Program. The second section, Legislation and Policy, identifies legislation and policy related to the Program. The procedures for implementing statutory and regulatory requirements are evolving with time. This document will be periodically updated to reflect changes and new material.

Not Available

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

An experimental and theoretical study of the ice accretion process during artificial and natural icing conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-time measurements of ice growth during artificial and natural icing conditions were conducted using an ultrasonic pulse-echo technique. This technique allows ice thickness to be measured with an accuracy of ?0.5 mm; ...

Kirby, Mark Samuel

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Commercial Space Activities at Goddard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, environmental verification, and engineering `Best Practices' requirements #12;Commercial Utilization's commercial practices and processes · Brief summary of procurement activities under the three Rapid Catalogs Quantity ­ Leverage commercial practices and processes when possible ­ NASA mission assurance

Waliser, Duane E.

104

Automatic Library Tracking Database Infrastructure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Libraries » ALTD Libraries » ALTD ALTD Automatic Library Tracking Database Infrastructure To track and monitor library usage and better serve your software needs, we have enabled the Automatic Library Tracking Database (ALTD) on our prodcution systems, Hopper and Edison. ALTD is also availailable on Carver, but has not enabled for all users by default yet. ALTD, developed by National Institute for Computational Sciences, automatically and transparently tracks all libraries linked into an application at compile time, as well as the libraries used at run time, by intercepting the linker (ld) and the job launcher (aprun, or mpirun). It is a light-weight tool, and should not change your experience with compilation and execution of codes on the machine. However, if you encounter any problems due to ALTD,

105

Automatic rapid attachable warhead section  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are a method and apparatus for (1) automatically selecting warheads or reentry vehicles from a storage area containing a plurality of types of warheads or reentry vehicles, (2) automatically selecting weapon carriers from a storage area containing at least one type of weapon carrier, (3) manipulating and aligning the selected warheads or reentry vehicles and weapon carriers, and (4) automatically coupling the warheads or reentry vehicles with the weapon carriers such that coupling of improperly selected warheads or reentry vehicles with weapon carriers is inhibited. Such inhibition enhances safety of operations and is achieved by a number of means including computer control of the process of selection and coupling and use of connectorless interfaces capable of assuring that improperly selected items will be rejected or rendered inoperable prior to coupling. Also disclosed are a method and apparatus wherein the stated principles pertaining to selection, coupling and inhibition are extended to apply to any item-to-be-carried and any carrying assembly.

Trennel, Anthony J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

106

Pseudo-isothermal ice-crystallization kinetics in the gas-diffusion layer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pseudo-isothermal ice-crystallization kinetics in the gas-diffusion layer Pseudo-isothermal ice-crystallization kinetics in the gas-diffusion layer of a fuel cell from differential scanning calorimetry Title Pseudo-isothermal ice-crystallization kinetics in the gas-diffusion layer of a fuel cell from differential scanning calorimetry Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Dursch, Thomas J., Monica A. Ciontea, Gregory J. Trigub, Clayton J. Radke, and Adam Z. Weber Journal International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer Volume 60 Pagination 450 - 458 Date Published 5/2013 ISSN 00179310 Keywords crystallization, differential scanning calorimetry, gas-diffusion layer, Heat Transfer, kinetics, melt, nonisothermal crystallization, nucleation, polyesters, polymer crystallization, solidification Abstract Non-isothermal ice-crystallization kinetics in the fibrous gas-diffusion layer (GDL) of a proton-exchange-membrane fuel cell is investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Non-isothermal ice-crystallization rates and ice-crystallization temperatures are obtained from heat-flow measurements in a water-saturated commercial GDL at cooling rates of 2.5, 5, 10, and 25 K/min. Our previously developed isothermal ice-crystallization rate expression is extended to non-isothermal crystallization to predict ice-crystallization kinetics in a GDL at various cooling rates. Agreement between DSC experimental results and theory is good. Both show that as the cooling rate increases, ice-crystallization rates increase and crystallization temperatures decrease monotonically. Importantly, we find that the cooling rate during crystallization has a negligible effect on the crystallization rate when crystallization times are much faster than the time to decrease the sample temperature by the subcooling. Based on this finding, we propose a pseudo-isothermal method for obtaining non-isothermal crystallization kinetics using isothermal crystallization kinetics evaluated at the non-isothermal crystallization temperature.

107

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Trends in Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace The addition of commercial buildings and floorspace from 1995 to 1999 continued the general trends noted since 1979 (Figures 1 and 2). The size of the commercial buildings has grown steadily over the twenty years of CBECS. Each year more buildings are added to the sector (new construction or conversion of pre-existing buildings to commercial activity) than are removed (demolition or conversion to non-commercial activity). The definition for the commercial buildings population was changed for the 1995 CBECS which resulted in a slightly smaller buildings population and accounts for the data break in both Figures 1 and 2 (see report "Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector" for complete details). Figure 1. Total Commercial Buildings, 1979 to 1999

108

IID Energy - Commercial Rebate Program (Commercial Check Me) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

IID Energy - Commercial Rebate Program (Commercial Check Me) IID Energy - Commercial Rebate Program (Commercial Check Me) IID Energy - Commercial Rebate Program (Commercial Check Me) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate General: $100,000 per customer per year; may not exceed 50% of the total installed cost of measures New Construction (Whole Building Approach - Owner): $150,000 per year New Construction (Whole Building Approach - Design Team): $30,000 per year New Construction (Systems Approach): $50,000 per year Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Programmable Thermostats: $50/unit

109

Mantle viscosity and ice-age ice sheet topography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ice-age paleotopography and mantle viscosity can both be inferred from observations of Earth`s response to the most recent deglaciation event of the current ice age. This procedure requires iterative application of a theoretical model of the global process of glacial isostatic adjustment. Results demonstrate that the iterative inversion procedure converges to a paleotopography that is extremely close to that from the ICE-4G model. The accompanying mantle viscosity profile is furthermore shown to reconcile the requirements of aspherical geoid anomalies related to the mantle convection process, thus resolving a fundamental issue concerning mantle rheology. The combined model also explains postglacial sea level histories for the east cost of the United States. 28 refs., 9 figs.

Peltier, W.R. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

1996-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

110

Automatic Voltage Control of Electrical Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... to have complete automatic voltage regulation and it also has supervisory control for its main substations. By a careful application of automatically controlled regulators it is shown that the voltage ...

1934-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

111

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

112

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

113

Ice Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ice Energy Ice Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ice Energy Name Ice Energy Address 9351 Eastman Park Drive Place Windsor, Colorado Zip 80550 Sector Renewable energy Product Energy Storage Year founded 2003 Number of employees 51-200 Phone number 970-545-3630 Website http://www.ice-energy.com/ Coordinates 40.4651775°, -104.882° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4651775,"lon":-104.882,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

114

Physical Controls on Ice Variability in the Bering Sea /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

region. The model also produces less ice near much of thewinds (Figure 3.13c,d) produce more ice growth and more iceThe model produces variations in total ice area anomalies

Li, Linghan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Pathways to commercial success  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HYDROGEN, FUEL CELLS & INFRASTRUCTURE HYDROGEN, FUEL CELLS & INFRASTRUCTURE TECHNOLOGIES (HFCIT) PROGRAM Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program August 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program iii Table of Contents Summary .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. v 1.0 Introduction.......................................................................................................................................................................................................1-1

116

PHOTOVOLTAICS AND COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS--  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

know that solar energy is environ- mentally attractive--and that photovoltaic or PV systems have made's electrical output matches well with patterns of energy use in commercial buildings, promoting effective convey tax advantages, such as accelerated depreciation and a federal income tax credit. M ost people

Perez, Richard R.

117

ICE Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ICE Solar ICE Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name ICE Solar Place Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Sector Solar Product India-based company focused on solar PV engineering, procurement and construction opportunities. Coordinates 17.6726°, 77.5971° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.6726,"lon":77.5971,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

118

CERN automatic audio-conference service  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scientists from all over the world need to collaborate with CERN on a daily basis. They must be able to communicate effectively on their joint projects at any time; as a result telephone conferences have become indispensable and widely used. Managed by 6 operators, CERN already has more than 20000 hours and 5700 audio-conferences per year. However, the traditional telephone based audio-conference system needed to be modernized in three ways. Firstly, to provide the participants with more autonomy in the organization of their conferences; secondly, to eliminate the constraints of manual intervention by operators; and thirdly, to integrate the audio-conferences into a collaborative working framework. The large number, and hence cost, of the conferences prohibited externalization and so the CERN telecommunications team drew up a specification to implement a new system. It was decided to use a new commercial collaborative audio-conference solution based on the SIP protocol. The system was tested as the first European pilot and several improvements (such as billing, security, redundancy...) were implemented based on CERN's recommendations. The new automatic conference system has been operational since the second half of 2006. It is very popular for the users and has doubled the number of conferences in the past two years.

Rodrigo Sierra Moral

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Thermal Storage with Ice Harvesting Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of Harvesting Ice Storage Systems. Thermal storage systems are becoming widely accepted techniques for utility load management. This paper discusses the principles of ice harvesting equipment and their application to the multi...

Knebel, D. E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

LABORATORY INDENTATION TESTS SIMULATING ICE-STRUCTURE INTERACTIONS USING CONE-SHAPED ICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sample protruding from a steel retaining ring (Figure 1). The closing speed and penetration rate test scenario were ice sample type, ice temperature, interaction rate, penetration depth, cone angle cone angle, indentation rate, ice type and temperature, and indenter roughness were varied. All ice

Bruneau, Steve

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Sea ice control of water isotope transport to Antarctica and implications for ice core interpretation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with diabatic heating. The interior deuterium excess response is more strongly affected by sea ice ice and the local conditions may have remote influences [Jacobs and Comiso, 1997; StammerjohnSea ice control of water isotope transport to Antarctica and implications for ice core

Noone, David

122

New study details glacier ice loss following ice shelf July 25, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Ted #12;Scambos of the NSIDC produced detailed ice loss maps from 2001 to 2009 for the main tributaryNew study details glacier ice loss following ice shelf collapse July 25, 2011 Contact: Anthony Lane UMBC (410) 455-5793 alane@umbc.edu Katherine Leitzell National Snow and Ice Data Center University

Cambridge, University of

123

Numerical Age Computation of the Antarctic Ice Sheet for Dating Deep Ice Cores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Age Computation of the Antarctic Ice Sheet for Dating Deep Ice Cores Bernd M¨ugge1 for the computation of the age of ice is discussed within the frame of numerical ice sheet modelling. The first method of a numerical diffusion term to stabilize the solution and therefore produces arbitrary results in a near

Calov, Reinhard

124

Gas isotopes in ice reveal a vegetated central Greenland during ice sheet invasion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

= ) in the silty ice, reaching values as high as 22 mM [Tison et al., 1998]. Ammonium oxalate is produced duringGas isotopes in ice reveal a vegetated central Greenland during ice sheet invasion R. Souchez,1 J prevailing during build-up of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS) are not yet established. Here we use results from

Chappellaz, Jérôme

125

AMSR-E Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document: Sea Ice Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Arctic perennial ice regions, and the ice temperature is produced from an algorithm similar to the Nimbus1 AMSR-E Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document: Sea Ice Products Thorsten Markus and Donald J 20771 1. Overview The AMSR-E sea ice standard level 3 products include sea ice concentration, sea ice

Waliser, Duane E.

126

Fire and Ice Issue 6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9#HDIQNV3>IM ".: FIRE AND ICE VI Available from: Kathleen Resch PO Box 1766 Temple City, CA 91780 October, 2000 by Kathleen Resch for the contributors. No reprints or reproduction without the written permission of the author.../artist. This is an amateur publication and is not intended to infringe upon the rights ofTerry Nation, BBC-TV or any others. FIRE AND ICE VI 1 Table of Contents A DANGEROUS CONCEPT by Nova 1 A FRIEND IN NEED... by Julia Stamford 14 ...IS A FRIEND INDEED by Julia Stamford 19...

Multiple Contributors

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Fire and Ice Issue 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,fpl ^1 FIRE AND ICE Available from: Kathleen Resch PO Box 1766 Temple City,CA 91780 III May, 1995 by Kathleen Resch for the contributors. No reprints or reproduction without the written permission of the author/artist. This is an amateur... publication and is not intended to infringe upon the rightsof "Blake's 7" copyright holders.. FIRE AND ICE TABLE OF CONTENTS THE GIFT by Pat Terra 1 "innerspace" by Pat Terra 24 WILD, BEAUTIFUL AND DAMNED by Gemini 25 SET THE NIGHT ON FIRE by Riley Cannon 40...

Multiple Contributors

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Paleotopography of glacial-age ice sheets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is technical comment and response to the subject of paleotophography of glacial age ice sheets. The model presented by Peltier reconstructing the paleotopography of glacial age ice sheets has implications for atmospheric general circulation models of ice age climate. In addition, the model suggests that the glacial-age Antarctic Ice Sheet was significantly larger than today`s. The commentor, Edwards, suggests there is a discrepancy between data from Papua New Guinea and the model results.

Edwards, R.L. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

1995-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

129

Coherent radar ice thickness measurements over the Greenland ice sheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems are designed to use pulse compression techniques and coherent integration to obtain the high sensitivity required to measure the thickness of more than 4 km of cold ice. We used these systems to collect radar data over the interior and margins...

Gogineni, S. Prasad; Tammana, Dilip; Braaten, David A.; Leuschen, C.; Legarsky, J.; Kanagaratnam, P.; Stiles, J.; Allen, C.; Jezek, K.; Akins, T.

2001-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

130

DOE February 2012 ECS Report to Congress  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

and refrigerator-freezers, fluorescent lamp ballasts, and direct heating equipment, and test procedures for walk-in coolers and walk-in freezers, automatic commercial ice makers,...

131

International Comparison of Energy Efficiency Awards for Appliance Manufacturers and Retailers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dehumidifiers, refrigerators and freezers, room airAutomatic Commercial Ice Makers Refrigerators, Freezers,and Refrigerator?Freezers Refrigerated Beverage Vending

Zhou, Nan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Ice-Sheet Response to Oceanic Forcing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...regional-scale ice-ocean simulations suggests that the state-of-Texas...ice shelfs rapid demise, which would...providing accurate simulation and projection of...observation and modeling indicate that increases...day (38, 39). Rapid melting of ice cliffs...with an emphasis on automated and smart-sensing...

Ian Joughin; Richard B. Alley; David M. Holland

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

133

Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling of Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the ice storage system, during direct cooling, thethe building cooling load. In dynamic systems, ice is formedcooling/demand-limited storage / electric load management / full storage / ice

Akbari, H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

135

Medical ice slurry production device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to an apparatus for producing sterile ice slurries for medical cooling applications. The apparatus is capable of producing highly loaded slurries suitable for delivery to targeted internal organs of a patient, such as the brain, heart, lungs, stomach, kidneys, pancreas, and others, through medical size diameter tubing. The ice slurry production apparatus includes a slurry production reservoir adapted to contain a volume of a saline solution. A flexible membrane crystallization surface is provided within the slurry production reservoir. The crystallization surface is chilled to a temperature below a freezing point of the saline solution within the reservoir such that ice particles form on the crystallization surface. A deflector in the form of a reciprocating member is provided for periodically distorting the crystallization surface and dislodging the ice particles which form on the crystallization surface. Using reservoir mixing the slurry is conditioned for easy pumping directly out of the production reservoir via medical tubing or delivery through other means such as squeeze bottles, squeeze bags, hypodermic syringes, manual hand delivery, and the like.

Kasza, Kenneth E. (Palos Park, IL); Oras, John (Des Plaines, IL); Son, HyunJin (Naperville, IL)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

136

Subglacial floods beneath ice sheets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...depth 100m subject to a geothermal heat flux of 50m2 gives...crude estimate). As well as the present theoretical...Atlantic or to the Gulf of Mexico. One reason for supposing...do not know this very well for a palaeo-ice sheet...and P Gogineni2001High geothermal flow, basal melt, and...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Commercial equipment cost database  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report, prepared for DOE, Office of Codes and Standards, as part of the Commercial Equipment Standards Program at Pacific Northwest Laboratory, specifically addresses the equipment cost estimates used to evaluate the economic impacts of revised standards. A database including commercial equipment list prices and estimated contractor costs was developed, and through statistical modeling, estimated contractor costs are related to equipment parameters including performance. These models are then used to evaluate cost estimates developed by the ASHRAE 90.1 Standing Standards Project Committee, which is in the process of developing a revised ASHRAE 90.1 standard. The database will also be used to support further evaluation of the manufacturer and consumer impacts of standards. Cost estimates developed from the database will serve as inputs to economic modeling tools, which will be used to estimate these impacts. Preliminary results suggest that list pricing is a suitable measure from which to estimate contractor costs for commercial equipment. Models developed from these cost estimates accurately predict estimated costs. The models also confirm the expected relationships between equipment characteristics and cost. Cost models were developed for gas-fired and electric water heaters, gas-fired packaged boilers, and warm air furnaces for indoor installation. Because of industry concerns about the use of the data, information was not available for the other categories of EPAct-covered equipment. These concerns must be addressed to extend the analysis to all EPAct equipment categories.

Freeman, S.L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Proceedings: Commercial Refrigeration Research Workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improving refrigeration systems for commercial use can enhance both utility load factors and supermarket profits. This workshop has pinpointed research needs in commercial refrigeration and systems integration for a supermarket environment.

None

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

REPORT OF THE COMMERCIAL FISHERIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES BIOLOCICAL LABORATORY GALVESTON, TEXAS FISCAL YEAR, GALVESTON, TEXAS Fiscal Year 1966 Milton J. Lindner, Director Robert E. Stevenson, Assistant Director Contribution No. 226, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Biological Laboratory, Galveston, Texas Circular 268

140

Commercialization of Genetically Engineered Crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1993 research-article Commercialization of Genetically Engineered...patent protection of the processes and final products provide...world's food supply. Commercialization of genetically engineered...patent protection of the processes and final products provide...

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Strategies for Demand Response in Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes strategies that can be used in commercial buildings to temporarily reduce electric load in response to electric grid emergencies in which supplies are limited or in response to high prices that would be incurred if these strategies were not employed. The demand response strategies discussed herein are based on the results of three years of automated demand response field tests in which 28 commercial facilities with an occupied area totaling over 11 million ft{sup 2} were tested. Although the demand response events in the field tests were initiated remotely and performed automatically, the strategies used could also be initiated by on-site building operators and performed manually, if desired. While energy efficiency measures can be used during normal building operations, demand response measures are transient; they are employed to produce a temporary reduction in demand. Demand response strategies achieve reductions in electric demand by temporarily reducing the level of service in facilities. Heating ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) and lighting are the systems most commonly adjusted for demand response in commercial buildings. The goal of demand response strategies is to meet the electric shed savings targets while minimizing any negative impacts on the occupants of the buildings or the processes that they perform. Occupant complaints were minimal in the field tests. In some cases, ''reductions'' in service level actually improved occupant comfort or productivity. In other cases, permanent improvements in efficiency were discovered through the planning and implementation of ''temporary'' demand response strategies. The DR strategies that are available to a given facility are based on factors such as the type of HVAC, lighting and energy management and control systems (EMCS) installed at the site.

Watson, David S.; Kiliccote, Sila; Motegi, Naoya; Piette, Mary Ann

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

142

Commercial Building Funding Opportunity Webinar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This webinar provide an overview of the Commercial Building Technology Demonstrations Funding Opportunity Announcement DE-FOA-0001084.

143

Commercialization of clean coal technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The steps to commercialization are reviewed in respect of their relative costs, the roles of the government and business sectors, and the need for scientific, technological, and economic viability. The status of commercialization of selected clean coal technologies is discussed. Case studies related to a clean coal technology are reviewed and conclusions are drawn on the factors that determine commercialization.

Bharucha, N. [Dept. of Primary Industries and Energy, Canberra (Australia)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

144

Commercial Feeding Stuffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'7, of the Texas Experiment Station. OBJECTS OF THE LAW. 1. quani or otl tho+ IrllcL. U bu yic 2, he co centa 4. place 5 The intent of the Feeding Stuff Law is to provide means by which every purchaser of feeding stuffs may know exactly what he...371-410-30m TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS BULLETIN NO. 127 March, 1910 Commercial Feeding Stuffs J. W. CARSON and G. S. FRAPS POSTOFFICE COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS AUSTIN, TEXAS: VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS. 1910...

Carson, J.W.; Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1910-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

New ice rules for nanoconfined monolayer ice from first principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the structural tendencies of nanoconfined water is of great interest for nanoscience and biology, where nano/micro-sized objects may be separated by very few layers of water. Here we investigate the properties of ice confined to a quasi-2D monolayer by a featureless, chemically neutral potential, using density-functional theory simulations with a non-local van der Waals density functional. An ab initio random structure search reveals all the energetically competitive monolayer configurations to belong to only two of the previously-identified families, characterized by a square or honeycomb hydrogen-bonding network, respectively. From an in-depth analysis we show that the well-known ice rules for bulk ice need to be revised for the monolayer, with distinct new rules appearing for the two networks. All identified stable phases for both are found to be non-polar (but with a topologically non-trivial texture for the square) and, hence, non-ferroelectric, in contrast to the predictions of empirical f...

Corsetti, Fabiano; Artacho, Emilio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Definition: Automatic Generation Control | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Automatic Generation Control Automatic Generation Control Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Automatic Generation Control Equipment that automatically adjusts generation in a Balancing Authority Area from a central location to maintain the Balancing Authority's interchange schedule plus Frequency Bias. AGC may also accommodate automatic inadvertent payback and time error correction.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms system, power, electricity generation, load, frequency bias, balancing authority, balancing authority area, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inline LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Automatic_Generation_Control&oldid=502513"

147

Hydrogen ICE Vehicle Testing Activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity teamed with Electric Transportation Applications and Arizona Public Service to develop and monitor the operations of the APS Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant. The Pilot Plant provides 100% hydrogen, and hydrogen and compressed natural gas (H/CNG)-blended fuels for the evaluation of hydrogen and H/CNG internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles in controlled and fleet testing environments. Since June 2002, twenty hydrogen and H/CNG vehicles have accumulated 300,000 test miles and 5,700 fueling events. The AVTA is part of the Department of Energys FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. These testing activities are managed by the Idaho National Laboratory. This paper discusses the Pilot Plant design and monitoring, and hydrogen ICE vehicle testing methods and results.

J. Francfort; D. Karner

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Install an Automatic Blowdown-Control System  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This steam tip sheet on installing automatic blowdown controls provide how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

149

Tracer transport in the Greenland Ice Sheet: constraints on ice cores and glacial history  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The climate history and dynamics of the Greenland Ice Sheet are studied using a coupled model of the depositional provenance and transport of glacier ice, allowing simultaneous prediction of the detailed isotopic stratigraphy of ice cores at all the major Greenland sites. Adopting a novel method for reconstructing the agedepth relationship, we greatly improve the accuracy of semi-Lagrangian tracer tracking schemes and can readily incorporate an age-dependent ice rheology. The larger aim of our study is to impose new constraints on the glacial history of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Leading sources of uncertainty in the climate and dynamic history are encapsulated in a small number of parameters: the temperature and elevation isotopic sensitivities, the glacialinterglacial precipitation contrast and the effective viscosity of ice in the flow law. Comparing predicted and observed ice layering at ice core sites, we establish plausible ranges for the key model parameters, identify climate and dynamic histories that are mutually consistent and recover the past depositional elevation of ice cores to ease interpretation of their climatic records. With the coupled three-dimensional model of ice dynamics and provenance transport we propose a method to place all the ice core records on a common time scale and use discrepancies to adjust the reconstructed climate history. Analysis of simulated GRIP ice layering and borehole temperature profiles confirms that the GRIP record is sensitive to the dynamic as well as to the climatic history, but not enough to strongly limit speculation on the state of the Greenland Ice Sheet during the Eemian. In contrast, our study indicates that the Dye 3 and Camp Century ice cores are extremely sensitive to ice dynamics and greatly constrain Eemian ice sheet reconstructions. We suggest that the maximum Eemian sea-level contribution of the ice sheet was in the range of 3.54.5m.

Nicolas Lhomme; Garry K.C. Clarke; Shawn J. Marshall

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Clothes Washers Commercial Clothes Washers Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for commercial clothes washers since 2007. Commercial clothes washers use a water solution of soap, detergent, or both and mechanical movement to clean clothes. Commercial clothes washers are used in commercial settings, multi-family housing, or laundromats. There are two classes of commercial clothes washers: front-loading and top-loading clothes washers. The current standard will save approximately 0.12 quads of energy and result in approximately $1.1 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 2007-2036. The standard will avoid about 6.4 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of 1.3 million automobiles.

151

Proton Ordering of Cubic Ice Ic: Spectroscopy and Computer Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by producing rotational Bjerrum L-defects.1 Ambient-pressure hexagonal ice, ice Ih, shows the lowest produced from ice Ih using hydroxide doping, for example, by freezing a 0.1 M KOH solution. Because ice IhProton Ordering of Cubic Ice Ic: Spectroscopy and Computer Simulations Philipp Geiger, Christoph

Dellago, Christoph

152

Tri-Met's Experience With Automatic Passenger Counter and Automatic Vehicle Location Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tri-Met's Experience With Automatic Passenger Counter and Automatic Vehicle Location Systems James includes Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) using a satellite-based global positioning system (GPS); · Voice for temporary data storage, a vehicle control head displaying schedule adherence to operators, detection

Bertini, Robert L.

153

Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance More Documents & Publications North American Standard Level VI Inspection...

154

Climate, Ocean and Sea Ice Modeling (COSIM)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Earth, Space Sciences » Earth, Space Sciences » Climate, Ocean and Sea Ice Modeling (COSIM) Climate, Ocean and Sea Ice Modeling (COSIM) The COSIM project develops advanced ocean and ice models for evaluating the role of ocean and ice in high-latitude climate change and projecting the impacts of high-latitude change on regions throughout the globe. Get Expertise Phil Jones COSIM Email Matthew Hecht COSIM Email Elizabeth Hunke COSIM Email Mat Maltrud COSIM Email Bill Lipscomb COSIM Email Scott Elliott COSIM Email Todd Ringler COSIM Email We are also developing a set of next-generation ocean and ice models with variable resolution horizontal grids to focus resolution on regions of interest or regions where specific processes (like eddies) need to be resolved. Summary The COSIM project develops advanced ocean and ice models for evaluating the

155

Historical Antarctic mean sea ice area, sea ice trends, and winds in CMIP5 simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In contrast to Arctic sea ice, average Antarctic sea ice area is not retreating but has slowly increased since satellite measurements began in 1979. While most climate models from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project ...

Mahlstein, Irina

156

Neglecting ice-atmosphere interactions underestimates ice sheet melt in millennial-scale deglaciation simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produce an interactive coupled integration: Atmospheric dynamics were equilibrated to an initial iceconstant ice albedos. None of these cases is able to produceproduce substantial deglaciation on a realistic timescale is attributed to the use of temporally invariant ice

Pritchard, M. S.; Bush, A. B.; Marshall, S. J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 The commercial module forecasts consumption by fuel 15 at the Census division level using prices from the NEMS energy supply modules, and macroeconomic variables from the NEMS Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM), as well as external data sources (technology characterizations, for example). Energy demands are forecast for ten end-use services 16 for eleven building categories 17 in each of the nine Census divisions (see Figure 5). The model begins by developing forecasts of floorspace for the 99 building category and Census division combinations. Next, the ten end-use service demands required for the projected floorspace are developed. The electricity generation and water and space heating supplied by distributed generation and combined heat and power technologies are projected. Technologies are then

158

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(92) (92) Distribution Category UC-950 Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 April 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Contacts The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepared this publication under the general direction of W. Calvin Kilgore, Director of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use (202-586-1617). The project was directed by Lynda T. Carlson, Director of the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division (EEUISD) (202-586-1112) and Nancy L. Leach, Chief

159

Energy Efficient Commercial Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Technologies April 11th, 2012 Presented by: Warren Willits Energy Solutions Center (202) 824-7150 www.ESCenter.org Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Spring 2012 Jekyll Island, GA Todays Energy Efficient Technologies  Water Heating  Heating  Air Conditioning  Humidity Control  CHP / Cogeneration Atmospheric Direct Vent High Efficiency .7 EF Atmospheric water heaters now available 97 % efficient tank water heaters now available Traditional Tank Style Water Heating  Tankless Water Heaters  EF = .82 Standard Unit  EF = .97 Condensing  Solar Water Heaters  With H.E. gas back up systems Newer Water Heaters Water Heater Life Cycle Cost Life Cycle Costs Electric Tank Water Heater Gas Water Heater

160

IceT users' guide and reference.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Image Composition Engine for Tiles (IceT) is a high-performance sort-last parallel rendering library. In addition to providing accelerated rendering for a standard display, IceT provides the unique ability to generate images for tiled displays. The overall resolution of the display may be several times larger than any viewport that may be rendered by a single machine. This document is an overview of the user interface to IceT.

Moreland, Kenneth D.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

IceT users' guide and reference.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Image Composition Engine for Tiles (IceT) is a high-performance sort-last parallel rendering library. In addition to providing accelerated rendering for a standard display, IceT provides the unique ability to generate images for tiled displays. The overall resolution of the display may be several times larger than any viewport that may be rendered by a single machine. This document is an overview of the user interface to IceT.

Moreland, Kenneth D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A ``triple sea-ice state'' mechanism for the abrupt warming and synchronous ice sheet collapses during Heinrich events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the strong sea ice albedo and insulating feedbacks. Such abrupt sea ice changes can also account was trapped at the base of the ice sheet due to the thick and insulating glacier that prevented it fromA ``triple sea-ice state'' mechanism for the abrupt warming and synchronous ice sheet collapses

Tziperman, Eli

163

Viscosity of interfacial water regulates ice nucleation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ice formation on solid surfaces is an important phenomenon in many fields, such as cloud formation and atmospheric icing, and a key factor for applications in preventing freezing. Here, we report temperature-dependent nucleation rates of ice for hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. The results show that hydrophilic surface presents a lower ice nucleation rate. We develop a strategy to extract the thermodynamic parameters, J{sub 0} and ?, in the context of classical nucleation theory. From the extracted J{sub 0} and ?, we reveal the dominant role played by interfacial water. The results provide an insight into freezing mechanism on solid surfaces.

Li, Kaiyong; Chen, Jing; Zhang, Qiaolan; Zhang, Yifan [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Green Printing, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China) [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Green Printing, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Xu, Shun; Zhou, Xin [School of Physics, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)] [School of Physics, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Cui, Dapeng; Wang, Jianjun, E-mail: wangj220@iccas.ac.cn; Song, Yanlin [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Green Printing, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Green Printing, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

164

Relationships between Water Wettability and Ice Adhesion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ice formation and accretion may hinder the operation of many systems critical to national infrastructure, including airplanes, power lines, windmills, ships, and telecommunications equipment. Yet despite the pervasiveness ...

Meuler, Adam J.

165

The convective desalination of sea ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

containing both liquid brine and solid (pure water) ice. Frad is the flux of penetrating solar radiation. Thus the thermal properties of sea ice are composed of those of the solid and liquid phases that make up sea ice. Fixed-salinity models used in older... components of the physical climate system. Evolving in space and time, sea ice has thermal and mechanical properties that must be updated dynamically for a faithful representation within climate models. Such models are vital tools to help people everywhere...

Rees Jones, David

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Ice Formation in Gas-Diffusion Layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

porous media does not exist. Once the fundamentals of iceFundamental Issues in Subzero PEMFC Startup and Operation. UTC Fuel Cells, DOE

Dursch, Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

City of Eagan ?Civic Ice Arena Renovation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project objectives: Provide a reliable central ice making and heating system that meets the performance requirements of the owner. Reduce operation and maintenance costs.

168

The last Scandinavian Ice Sheet in northwestern Russia: ice flow patterns and decay dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U N C O R R EC TED PR O O F The last Scandinavian Ice Sheet in northwestern Russia: ice flow Sheet in northwestern Russia: ice flow patterns and decay dynamics. Boreas, Vol. 35, pp. xxxÁxxx. Oslo) in northwestern Russia took place after a period of periglacial conditions. Till of the last SIS, Bobrovo till

Ingólfsson, ?lafur

169

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial and Industrial Pumps Energy Conservation Standards Commercial and Industrial Pumps Energy Conservation Standards Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) is considering developing test procedures, labels, and energy conservation standards for commercial and industrial pumps. Pumps exist in numerous applications, including agriculture, oil and gas production, water and wastewater, manufacturing, mining, and commercial building systems. There are currently no federal standards or test procedures for commercial and industrial pumps. Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a notice of public meeting and availability of the framework document regarding commercial and industrial pumps. 78 FR 7304 (February 1, 2013).

170

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Warm Air Furnaces Commercial Warm Air Furnaces Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the energy efficiency level of commercial warm air furnaces since 1994. Commercial warm air furnaces are self-contained oil-fired or gas-fired furnaces that are designed to supply heated air through ducts to spaces that require it. Commercial warm air furnaces are industrial equipment and have a maximum rated input capacity of 225,000 British thermal units (Btu) an hour or more. Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a request for information regarding energy conservation standards for commercial warm air furnaces. 78 FR 25627 (May 2, 2013). For more information, please see the rulemaking webpage.

171

ARKTOS: An intelligent system for SAR sea ice image classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an intelligent system for satellite sea ice image analysis named Advanced Reasoning using Knowledge for T ping Of Sea ice (ARKTOS). ARKTOS performs fully automated analysis of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sea ice images by mimicking...

Soh, L. K.; Tsatsoulis, Costas; Gineris, D.; Bertoia, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Technology Commercialization & Partnerships | BNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Technology Commercialization & Partnerships Technology Commercialization & Partnerships Home For BNL Inventors For Industry For Entrepreneurs Sponsored Research Search Technologies Patents Contacts TCP Director Connie Cleary Tech Commercialization Christine Brakel Cyrena Condemi Kimberley Elcess Poornima Upadhya Partnerships Mike Furey, Manager Ginny Coccorese Alison Schwarz Intellectual Property Legal Group (Legal Dept.) Dorene Price, Chief Intellectual Property Counsel Lars Husebo, Attorney Maria Pacella, Sr. Staff Specialist William Russell, Asst. Staff Specialist INNOVATION MEETS BUSINESS at Brookhaven National Laboratory. WE GRANT LICENSES for our intellectual property to existing and start up companies. WE SEEK FUNDING from experienced investors to develop our intellectual assets. Tech Commercialization News

173

NREL: Technology Transfer - Commercialization Programs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercialization Programs Commercialization Programs Through our commercialization programs, we help accelerate the transfer of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies into the marketplace. Clean Energy Alliance The Clean Energy Alliance is an alliance of the nation's top business incubators that provide business services to nascent clean energy entrepreneurs. NREL partners with these elite business incubators to help foster the growth of robust clean energy businesses and commercialize their technologies. Colorado Center for Renewable Energy Economic Development Formerly the Colorado Cleantech Initiative program, the Colorado Center for Renewable Energy Economic Development (CREED) is a joint effort between NREL, the State of Colorado, and affiliated stakeholders to provide

174

Commercial Weatherization | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Commercial Weatherization When high energy bills and a dwindling customer base threatened the Athenian Corner's well-being, the restaurant turned to energy efficiency upgrades to help operating costs and improve its bottom line. Learn how energy efficiency upgrades are helping the Athenian Corner be a viable business. When high energy bills and a dwindling customer base threatened the Athenian Corner's well-being, the restaurant turned to energy efficiency upgrades to help operating costs and improve its bottom line. Learn how energy efficiency upgrades are helping the Athenian Corner be a viable business. Commercial buildings consume 19 percent of the energy used in the U.S.

175

Site Map - EERE Commercialization Office  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Site Map Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Quick Links Energy Innovation Portal Site Map Commercialization Home Page About Success Stories Legacy Initiatives Small...

176

Covered Product Category: Commercial Griddles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial griddles, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR program

177

Covered Product Category: Commercial Ovens  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial ovens, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

178

The process of technology commercialization.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis investigates, describes and understands the extensive process of technology commercialization. What stages there are, important aspects and implications. It is structured as (more)

Holmgren, Annie

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Commercial Lighting | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lighting Lighting Commercial Lighting At an estimated cost of $38 billion a year, lighting represents the largest source of electricity consumption in U.S. commercial buildings. By combining an inexpensive camera with a high-speed microprocessor and algorithms, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Lab developed an occupancy sensor can recognize the presence of human occupants more than 90 percent of the time -- an advancement that could lead to enormous energy savings in commercial buildings. At an estimated cost of $38 billion a year, lighting represents the largest source of electricity consumption in U.S. commercial buildings. By combining an inexpensive camera with a high-speed microprocessor and

180

Residential Commercial Industrial Year  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Residential Commercial Industrial Year and State Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers 2000 Total ................... 4,996,179 59,252,728 3,182,469 5,010,817 8,142,240 220,251 2001 Total ................... 4,771,340 60,286,364 3,022,712 4,996,446 7,344,219 217,026 2002 Total ................... 4,888,816 61,107,254 3,144,169 5,064,384 7,507,180 205,915 2003 Total ................... R 5,079,351 R 61,871,450 R 3,179,493 R 5,152,177 R 7,150,396 R 205,514 2004 Total ................... 4,884,521 62,469,142 3,141,653 5,135,985 7,250,634 212,191 Alabama ...................... 43,842 806,175 26,418 65,040 169,135 2,800 Alaska.......................... 18,200 104,360 18,373 13,999 46,580 10 Arizona ........................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Automatic Performance Collection (AutoPerf) | Argonne Leadership...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Automatic Performance Collection (AutoPerf) A beta version of a tool for the automatic collection of hardware performance counter and MPI information has been installed on Vesta...

182

Greenland Ice Sheet "Sliding" a Small Contributor to Future Sea...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

(ice2sea manuscript no. 121). ElmerIce simulations were performed using high-performance computing resources from Grand quipement National de Calcul Intensif - Centre...

183

Hail Ice Damage of Stringer-Stiffened Curved Composite Panels /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of projectile SHI. Thus, the ice produces a more large-areaproduce uneven pressure/forces being applied onto the ice

Le, Jacqueline Linh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

SciTech Connect: optimal initial conditions for coupling ice...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Conference: optimal initial conditions for coupling ice sheet models to earth system models Citation Details In-Document Search Title: optimal initial conditions for coupling ice...

185

Effects of ice cover on sediment resuspension and phosphorus ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since ice coverage increased shear resistance, climate-driven absence or shortening of ice-cover would reduce the period for settling of particles and their...

186

ARM - PI Product - Large Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ProductsLarge Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water ProductsLarge Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Large Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content Site(s) SGP TWP General Description Cloud ice water concentration is one of the most important, yet poorly observed, cloud properties. Developing physical parameterizations used in general circulation models through single-column modeling is one of the key foci of the ARM program. In addition to the vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor and condensed water at the model grids, large-scale horizontal advective tendencies of these variables are also required as forcing terms in the single-column models. Observed horizontal advection of condensed water has not been available because the

187

The influence of ice nucleation mode and ice vapor growth on simulation of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The influence of ice nucleation mode and ice vapor growth on simulation of The influence of ice nucleation mode and ice vapor growth on simulation of arctic mixed-phase clouds Avramov, Alexander The Pennsylvania State University Category: Modeling Mixed-phase arctic stratus clouds are the predominant cloud type in the Arctic . Perhaps one of the most intriguing of their features is that they tend to have liquid tops that precipitate ice. Despite the fact that this situation is colloidally unstable, these cloud systems are quite long lived - from a few days to over a couple of weeks. Previous studies have suggested that this longevity may be due to a paucity of ice nucleating aerosols (ice nuclei, or IN) in the Arctic. Such studies have shown that small changes in IN concentrations can cause large changes in the amount of liquid water within a mixed-phase stratus deck. We use the Regional

188

6, 20592090, 2006 Ice nucleation in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intermediate solubility and melting temperatures) nucleated ice at the same temperature as aqueous sulfuric Discussions Ice nucleation in sulfuric acid/organic aerosols: implications for cirrus cloud formation M. R. Beaver1 , M. J. Elrod2 , R. M. Garland1 , and M. A. Tolbert1 1 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry

Boyer, Edmond

189

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note SAF/OSI/CDOP/KNMI/TEC/RP/147 Validation of ASCAT 12.5-km winds The Ocean and Sea Ice Satellite Application Facility (OSI SAF) delivers an operational level 2 wind product produces a level 1 product with 12.5-km WVC spacing that has a resolution of approximately 25 km. Since

Stoffelen, Ad

190

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note SAF/OSI/CDOP2/KNMI/TEC/RP/194 Quality Control of Ku. The OSCAT level 2a data are available in near-real time and OWDP is used at KNMI to produce the Ocean and Sea Ice (OSI) SAF wind product which is made available to users. A beta version of OWDP is also

Stoffelen, Ad

191

Largest Ice-Bank Promotes Load Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California's largest ice-bank storage system is an example of how thermal storage can be applied to both new and existing buildings. At the Union Oil Company in Brea, California, one massive ice-storage system satisfies the air conditioning needs...

Brarmann, G. L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Stability of ice-sheet grounding lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...81 73 Stability of ice-sheet grounding lines Richard F. Katz 1 * M. Grae Worster 2...ice sheets are sensitive to grounding-line position and variation, characteristics...models. We present a theory for grounding-line dynamics in three spatial dimensions and...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-icing Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Used Unserviceable No de-ice, anti-ice or related 73 - - - Wing tail... De-icing boots - 10 3 0 Wing tail bleed-air anti-ice - 3 0 0 Wing tail electric anti-ice - 2 0...

194

The microstructure of polar ice. Part I: Highlights from ice core research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Polar ice sheets play a fundamental role in Earth's climate system, by interacting actively and passively with the environment. Active interactions include the creeping flow of ice and its effects on polar geomorphology, global sea level, ocean and atmospheric circulation, and so on. Passive interactions are mainly established by the formation of climate records within the ice, in form of air bubbles, dust particles, salt microinclusions and other derivatives of airborne impurities buried by recurrent snowfalls. For a half-century scientists have been drilling deep ice cores in Antarctica and Greenland for studying such records, which can go back to around a million years. Experience shows, however, that the ice-sheet flow generally disrupts the stratigraphy of the bottom part of deep ice cores, destroying the integrity of the oldest records. For all these reasons glaciologists have been studying the microstructure of polar ice cores for decades, in order to understand the genesis and fate of ice-core climate records, as well as to learn more about the physical properties of polar ice, aiming at better climate-record interpretations and ever more precise models of ice-sheet dynamics. In this Part I we review the main difficulties and advances in deep ice core drilling in Antarctica and Greenland, together with the major contributions of deep ice coring to the research on natural ice microstructures. In particular, we discuss in detail the microstructural findings from Camp Century, Byrd, Dye 3, GRIP, GISP2, NorthGRIP, Vostok, Dome C, EDML, and Dome Fuji, besides commenting also on the earlier results of some pioneering ventures, like the Jungfraujoch Expedition and the NorwegianBritishSwedish Antarctic Expedition, among others. In the companion Part II of this work (Faria etal., 2014), the review proceeds with a survey of the state-of-the-art understanding of natural ice microstructures and some exciting prospects in this field of research.

Srgio H. Faria; Ilka Weikusat; Nobuhiko Azuma

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

COMMERCIAL SERVICES SUSTAINABLE FOOD POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMMERCIAL SERVICES SUSTAINABLE FOOD POLICY February 2013 Commercial Services (CS) provides a range high standards of sustainability across all its activities. This policy supports CS aim to become a `Sustainable, Efficient and Effective Organisation' that "....will carefully consider the impact of our

Haase, Markus

196

ICE CORE RECORDS | Greenland Stable Isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Greenland ice cores contain a wealth of information on past climatic conditions throughout the Northern Hemisphere. A historical perspective on the climatic interpretation of stable isotopes in water and ice is presented in the introduction, while the remainder of the article is devoted to the current interpretation of stable isotope data from Greenland ice cores. The progress in our understanding of stable isotope signals, on timescales from seasons to glacial cycles, is discussed and evaluated through numerous examples from Greenland ice cores. Stable isotope profiles from the Camp Century, Dye-3, GISP2, GRIP, NGRIP, and Renland deep ice cores are emphasized, as they all provide climatic information dating back into the Eemian period.

B.M. Vinther; S.J. Johnsen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Development of tools for automatic generation of PLC code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This Master thesis was performed at CERN and more specifically in the EN-ICE-PLC section. The Thesis describes the integration of two PLC platforms, that are based on CODESYS development tool, to the CERN defined industrial framework, UNICOS. CODESYS is a development tool for PLC programming, based on IEC 61131-3 standard, and is adopted by many PLC manufacturers. The two PLC development environments are, the SoMachine from Schneider and the TwinCAT from Beckhoff. The two CODESYS compatible PLCs, should be controlled by the SCADA system of Siemens, WinCC OA. The framework includes a library of Function Blocks (objects) for the PLC programs and a software for automatic generation of the PLC code based on this library, called UAB. The integration aimed to give a solution that is shared by both PLC platforms and was based on the PLCOpen XML scheme. The developed tools were demonstrated by creating a control application for both PLC environments and testing of the behavior of the code of the library.

Koutli, Maria; Rochez, Jacques

198

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Small, Large, and Very Large Commercial Package Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Small, Large, and Very Large Commercial Package Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) regulates the energy efficiency of small, large, and very large commercial package air conditioners and heat pumps. Commercial air conditioners and heat pumps are air-cooled, water-cooled, evaporatively-cooled, or water source unitary air conditioners or heat pumps that are used for space conditioning of commercial and industrial buildings. The standards implemented in 2010 for small and large, air-cooled commercial package air conditioners and heat pumps, and SPVUs, will save approximately 1.7 quads of energy and result in approximately $28.9 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 2010-2034. These standards will avoid about 90.3 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of 31.1 million automobiles. The standard implemented in 2010 for very large, air-cooled commercial package air conditioners and heat pumps will save approximately 0.43 quads of energy and result in approximately $4.3 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 2010-2034. The standard will avoid about 22.6 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of 4.4 million automobiles.

199

Pronunciation learning for automatic speech recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In many ways, the lexicon remains the Achilles heel of modern automatic speech recognizers (ASRs). Unlike stochastic acoustic and language models that learn the values of their parameters from training data, the baseform ...

Badr, Ibrahim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Query Expansion with an Automatically Generated Thesaurus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a new method to automatically obtain a new thesaurus which exploits previously collected information. Our method ... a text collection, a set of source thesauri and other linguistic resources...

Jos R. Prez-Agera; Lourdes Araujo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Automatic tuning of continuous-time filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated high-Q continuous-time filters require adaptive tuning circuits that will correct the filter parameters such as center frequency and quality factor (Q). Three different automatic tuning techniques are introduced. In all of the proposed...

Sumesaglam, Taner

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Automatic program timing profiles with FTN4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Design of a scheme for producing execution timing profiles of FORTRAN programs automatically is proposed with a recommendation to implement it as an option to the compiler. An experimental implementation on the LBL 7600 is also described. 1 figure.

Friedman, R.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Automatic Program Translation " A Third Way  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Translation between data formats, between multimedia mark-up languages, between modelling languages and between programming languages are classic problems in computer science and software engineering. There are two traditional approaches to automatic ...

David P. Clark; Min Chen; John V. Tucker

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Challenge of an Automatic Mssbauer Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper reports on our efforts to obtain an intelligent and automatic Mssbauer analysis. For this propose, a program was implemented capable to analyse and fit a Mssbauer spectrum, identify the sub...

Paulo A. de Souza Jr.; Vijayendra K. Garg

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Automatic 5-axis NC toolpath generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite over a decade of research, automatic toolpath generation has remained an elusive goal for 5-axis NC machining. This thesis describes the theoretical and practical issues associated with generating collision free ...

Balasubramaniam, Mahadevan, 1976-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Feature selection for automatic solder joint inspection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEATURE SELECTION FOR AUTOMATIC SOLDER JOINT INSPECTION A Thesis CHENG-CHENG LEE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AiVM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1987 Major... Subject: Mechanical Engineering FEATURE SELECTION FOR AUTOMATIC SOLDER JOINT INSPECTION A Thesis by CHENG-CHENG LEE Approved as to style and content by: Morris Driels (Chairman of Committee) Norman Gris ld (Member) i(?? Oren Xlasor'i (kfembef...

Lee, Cheng-Cheng

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

207

GREAT LAKES ICE COVER RaymondA. Asset'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydropower production and cooling water intakes, and damaging shore structures. Ice cover also impactsChapter 6 GREAT LAKES ICE COVER RaymondA. Asset' ABSTRACT: Theformation of ice on the Lallrentian (~rthe Great Lakes anel local weather and climate. The (I1Inllal seasonal and ~'Patialprogression of ice

208

SNOW ON ANTARCTIC SEA ICE Robert A. Massom,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SNOW ON ANTARCTIC SEA ICE Robert A. Massom,1 Hajo Eicken,2 Christian Haas,3 Martin O. Jeffries,2 on Antarctic sea ice plays a complex and highly variable role in air-sea-ice interaction pro- cesses of thicker snow and thin- ner ice in the Antarctic relative to the Arctic (e.g., the importance of flooding

Warren, Stephen

209

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Clothes Washers Energy Conservation Standard Commercial Clothes Washers Energy Conservation Standard Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) is considering whether to revise its energy conservation standards for commercial clothes washers. This current rulemaking will satisfy the requirement to publish the second final rule by January 1, 2015 as mandated by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA). Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates The DOE published a notice of public meeting and availability of the framework document for commercial clothes washers. 77 FR 48108 (August 13, 2012). Public Meeting Information

210

Tax Deductions for Commercial Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tax Deductions for Commercial Buildings Tax Deductions for Commercial Buildings Promoting Energy Savings for Businesses S igned by President Bush on August 8, 2005, the Energy Policy Act (EPACT) lays the foundation for the new Federal tax incentives for consumers and businesses that pursue energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy. For updated information about the tax incentives, see www.energy.gov. This web- site also describes other EPACT provisions of interest to businesses, including incen- tives for distributed generation and hybrid fuel fleet vehicles. Tax Deductions for Commercial Building Owners Commercial building owners and lessees who purchase and install energy-saving products in their businesses can qualify for a tax deduction under EPACT. Buildings must achieve a 50 percent reduction in

211

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial and Industrial Pumps Commercial and Industrial Pumps Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products Pumps are used in agriculture, oil and gas production, water and wastewater, manufacturing, mining, and commercial building systems. Currently there are no energy conservation standards for pumps. The Department of Energy (DOE) will conduct an analysis of the energy use, emissions, costs, and benefits associated with this equipment during the commercial and industrial pumps energy conservation standards rulemaking. Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a notice of public meeting and availability of the framework document. 78 FR 7304 (Feb. 1, 2013). For more information, please see the rulemaking page.

212

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial and Industrial Compressors Determination Commercial and Industrial Compressors Determination Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to determine that commercial and industrial compressors meet the criteria for covered equipment under Part A-1 of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), as amended. Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a Proposed Coverage Determination concerning commercial and industrial compressors. 77 FR 76972 (Dec. 31, 2012). Public Meeting Information No public meeting is scheduled at this time. Submitting Public Comments The comment period is closed.

213

Commercial Combustion and CHP Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wood heat for individual homes (i.e., wood stoves and pellet stoves) is widely recognized and understood in the Northeast USA. Commercial-scale wood heat and CHP (combined heat and power), however, ... the region...

Daniel Ciolkosz; Jim Babcock

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Technology Commercialization: Opportunities and Challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Commercialization of technology from university and national laboratory ... in the early 1970s to an active process in the 1990s, involving exclusive licensing ... development professional involved in the licen...

K. L. Crandell

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Optimization of a Sea Ice Model Using Basinwide Observations of Arctic Sea Ice Thickness, Extent, and Velocity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

datasets. 1. Introduction Sea ice is important to the climate system because it insulates the cold polarOptimization of a Sea Ice Model Using Basinwide Observations of Arctic Sea Ice Thickness, Extent 2004, in final form 27 June 2005) ABSTRACT A stand-alone sea ice model is tuned and validated using

Feltham, Daniel

216

Nailing Down Ice in a Cloud Model  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nailing Down Ice in a Cloud Model Nailing Down Ice in a Cloud Model For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http://www.arm.gov/science/highlights/ Research Highlight A research team led by scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory identified specific strengths and weaknesses of four different ice cloud retrieval algorithms. Their comparisons tested the ability of the algorithms to obtain cloud properties from radar and lidar observational measurements. The team noted the sometimes large variances in heating/cooling measurements compared to the observed data. Identifying specific weaknesses will help scientists improve our understanding of cloud properties in the atmosphere, which can be used for climate model development and evaluation. "Measuring the effective size and mass of ice crystals impacts our understanding

217

Neutron Diffraction of Ice in Hydrogels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron Diffraction of Ice in Hydrogels ... (14, 15) Neutrons are also especially suited for studying D2O water in hydrogels because hydrogen atoms (H) on the polymer chains are not detectable. ...

Yurina Sekine; Tomoko Ikeda-Fukazawa; Mamoru Aizawa; Riki Kobayashi; Songxue Chi; Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca; Hiroki Yamauchi; Hiroshi Fukazawa

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

218

A New Greenland Deep Ice Core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...isotopic profile with that from camp Century and with a deep-sea foraminifera...deep-sea cores. The redated Camp Century record suggests a dramatic termination...CENTURIES OF CLIMATIC RECORD FROM CAMP CENTURY ON GREENLAND ICE SHEET, SCIENCE...

W. Dansgaard; H. B. Clausen; N. Gundestrup; C. U. Hammer; S. F. Johnsen; P. M. Kristinsdottir; N. Reeh

1982-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

219

Photoadaptation of high Arctic ice algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of the surface snow cover allowed considerable control over the light conditions of the epontic algae. Algal material was collected from the bottom few centimetres of ice with a SIPRE ... growth in their respective light environments.

Glenn F. Cota

1985-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

220

Weakening of ice by magnesium perchlorate hydrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I show that perchlorate hydrates, which have been indirectly detected at high Martian circumpolar latitudes by the Phoenix Mars Lander, have a dramatic effect upon the rheological behavior of polycrystalline water ice under ...

Lenferink, Hendrik J., 1985-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Quantifying fit in ice hockey skate boots.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Purpose. This study quantified fit of ice hockey skate boots by measuring the pressure (MP) at the foot/ankle-to-boot interface using three skate sizes. The relationship (more)

Gheorghiu, Cristian R.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Scattering Properties of Oriented Hexagonal Ice Crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To interpret the data from spaceborn lidar measurements, one must have a basic understanding of the backscattering of oriented ice particles. The conventional raytracing method is not applicable to the scattering of light by oriented particles...

Zhang, Feng

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

223

Hydrogen Material Compatibility for Hydrogen ICE | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. pm04smith.pdf More Documents & Publications Hydrogen Materials Compatibility for the H-ICE...

224

Observations of the Askaryan Effect in Ice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the first observations of the Askaryan effect in ice: coherent impulsive radio Cherenkov radiation from the charge asymmetry in an electromagnetic (EM) shower. Such radiation has been observed in silica sand and rock salt, but this is the first direct observation from an EM shower in ice. These measurements are important since the majority of experiments to date that rely on the effect for ultra-high energy neutrino detection are being performed using ice as the target medium. As part of the complete validation process for the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) experiment, we performed an experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in June 2006 using a 7.5 metric ton ice target, yielding results fully consistent with theoretical expectations.

Gorham, P.W.

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

225

Microsoft Word - IceMountainFinal.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mason West Virginia's Ice Mountain: Where Science Meets Magic On August 6, 1918, the thermometer hit 109 degrees in Hampshire County, West Virginia. It's easy to believe that the...

226

Translation and commercialization of regenerative medicines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...issue 'Translation and commercialization of regenerative medicines...Prescott Translation and commercialization of regenerative medicines...accelerate the banking process and facilitate appropriate...Supplement Translation and commercialization of regenerative medicines...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Image Analysis for AutomaticImage Analysis for Automatic PhenotypingPhenotyping MeasurementsMeasurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Image Analysis for AutomaticImage Analysis for Automatic PhenotypingPhenotyping MeasurementsMeasurements (BioSS) WageningenWageningen, 8 March 2012, 8 March 2012 #12;Measurements · How many are there? · How "large" are they? · How "similar" are they? #12;Measurements · How many are there? · How "large" are they

Glasbey, Chris

228

Regelation: why does ice melt under pressure?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unlike other unusual materials whose bonds contract under compression, the O:H nonbond undergoes contraction and the H-O bond elongation towards O:H and H-O length symmetry in water and ice. The energy drop of the H-O bond dictates the melting point Tm depression of ice. Once the pressure is relieved, the O:H-O bond fully recovers its initial state, resulting in Regelation.

Sun, Chang Q

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Reference Commercial Reference Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score

230

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial

231

Commercial Algae Management | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial Algae Management Jump to: navigation, search Name: Commercial Algae Management Address: 320 Arbor Lane Place: Franklin, NC Zip: 28734 Year Founded: 2002 Phone Number:...

232

DOE Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings DOE Commercial Reference Buildings DOE Commercial Reference Buildings refbldgseuitables1-47-0.pdf More Documents & Publications Energy Information Agency's 2003...

233

Small Buildings Small Portfolio Commercial Upstream Incentive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Small Portfolio Commercial Upstream Incentive Project: Regional Roll-Out - 2014 BTO Peer Review Small Buildings Small Portfolio Commercial Upstream Incentive Project:...

234

International Fuel Services and Commercial Engagement | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

International Fuel Services and Commercial Engagement International Fuel Services and Commercial Engagement The Office of International Nuclear Energy Policy and Cooperation...

235

Best Management Practice #11: Commercial Kitchen Equipment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Commercial kitchen equipment represents a large set of water users in the non-residential sector. Water efficiency for commercial kitchen equipment is especially important because high volume...

236

commercial buildings initiative | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Buildings Initiative The DOE Building Technologies Office works with the commercial building industry to accelerate the use of energy efficiency technologies in both...

237

Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alliance Alliance Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance North American Standard Level VI Inspection Program Update: Ensuring Safe Transportation of Radioactive Material Carlisle Smith Director, Hazardous Materials Programs Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance Email: carlisles@cvsa.org Phone: 301-830-6147 CVSA Levels of Inspections Level I Full inspection Level II Walk Around - Driver - Vehicle Level III Driver - Paperwork Level IV Special Project - Generally focus on one item CVSA Levels of Inspections Level V Vehicle Only Level VI Enhanced RAM Level VII Jurisdictional Mandated * 8 basic classes/year held in various states * Prerequisites: CVSA Level I and HAZMAT certified * Industry attends course * To date 135 classes/2268 attendees * Currently 702 certified Level VI

238

Commercial SNF Accident Release Fractions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this analysis is to specify and document the total and respirable fractions for radioactive materials that could be potentially released from an accident at the repository involving commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in a dry environment. The total and respirable release fractions are used to support the preclosure licensing basis for the repository. The total release fraction is defined as the fraction of total commercial SNF assembly inventory, typically expressed as an activity inventory (e.g., curies), of a given radionuclide that is released to the environment from a waste form. Radionuclides are released from the inside of breached fuel rods (or pins) and from the detachment of radioactive material (crud) from the outside surfaces of fuel rods and other components of fuel assemblies. The total release fraction accounts for several mechanisms that tend to retain, retard, or diminish the amount of radionuclides that are available for transport to dose receptors or otherwise can be shown to reduce exposure of receptors to radiological releases. The total release fraction includes a fraction of airborne material that is respirable and could result in inhalation doses; this subset of the total release fraction is referred to as the respirable release fraction. Accidents may involve waste forms characterized as: (1) bare unconfined intact fuel assemblies, (2) confined intact fuel assemblies, or (3) canistered failed commercial SNF. Confined intact commercial SNF assemblies at the repository are contained in shipping casks, canisters, or waste packages. Four categories of failed commercial SNF are identified: (1) mechanically and cladding-penetration damaged commercial SNF, (2) consolidated/reconstituted assemblies, (3) fuel rods, pieces, and debris, and (4) nonfuel components. It is assumed that failed commercial SNF is placed into waste packages with a mesh screen at each end (CRWMS M&O 1999). In contrast to bare unconfined fuel assemblies, the container that confines the fuel assemblies could provide an additional barrier for diminishing the total release fraction should the fuel rod cladding breach during an accident. This analysis, however, does not take credit for the additional barrier and establishes only the total release fractions for bare unconfined intact commercial SNF assemblies, which may be conservatively applied to confined intact commercial I SNF assemblies.

J. Schulz

2004-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

239

Commercialization of sustainable energy technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Commercialization efforts to diffuse sustainable energy technologies (SETs11The \\{SETs\\} can be viewed as a portfolio of technologies, which are expected to use renewable energy resources as input to produce modern energy carriers. ) have so far remained as the biggest challenge in the field of renewable energy and energy efficiency. Limited success of diffusion through government driven pathways urges the need for market based approaches. This paper reviews the existing state of commercialization of \\{SETs\\} in the backdrop of the basic theory of technology diffusion. The different \\{SETs\\} in India are positioned in the technology diffusion map to reflect their slow state of commercialization. The dynamics of SET market is analysed to identify the issues, barriers and stakeholders in the process of SET commercialization. By upgrading the potential adopters to techno-entrepreneurs, the study presents the mechanisms for adopting a private sector driven business model approach for successful diffusion of SETs. This is expected to integrate the processes of market transformation and entrepreneurship development with innovative regulatory, marketing, financing, incentive and delivery mechanisms leading to SET commercialization.

P. Balachandra; Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan; B. Sudhakara Reddy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Spin-One Ising Model for Ice VIIPlastic Ice Phase Transitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a spin model compatible with ice VIIplastic ice phase transitions and critical phenomena discovered recently by computer simulations. The BlumeCapel spin-1 Ising model is extended in order to describe the entropic stabilization effect in the ...

Masakazu Matsumoto; Kazuhiro Himoto; Hideki Tanaka

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Nonequilibrium air clathrate hydrates in Antarctic ice: a paleopiezomdter for polar ice caps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...long as the ice thickness changes by only a few hundred meters. Examination of the deep ice cores from the Dye-3 and Camp Century sites in Greenland were made by the same microscopic thermal-needle method: at both these sites the onset of craigite...

H Craig; H Shoji; C C Langway; Jr

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

ICED'09/Paper number (Contribution ID) 1 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED'09  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICED'09/Paper number (Contribution ID) 1 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED'09 24 - 27 AUGUST 2009, STANFORD UNIVERSITY, STANFORD, CA, USA CREATIVITY THEORIES AND SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY: A STUDY OF C-K THEORY AND INFUSED DESIGN ABSTRACT Creativity is central to human activity

Shai, Offer

243

ICED'09/373 1 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED'09  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICED'09/373 1 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED'09 24 - 27 AUGUST 2009, STANFORD UNIVERSITY, STANFORD, CA, USA CREATIVITY THEORIES AND SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY: A STUDY OF C-K THEORY AND INFUSED Creativity is central to human activity and is a powerful force in personal and organizational success

Reich, Yoram

244

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 eere.energy.gov 1 eere.energy.gov Commercial Building Asset Rating Program August 23, 2011 12 p.m. ET, 9 a.m. PT Presenter: Cody Taylor PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 eere.energy.gov Outline * Goals * Scope & schedule * Guiding principles * Program design issues - Metrics - Rating method - Rating scale - Opportunities for efficiency improvement - Quality assurance Please submit clarifying questions during today's webinar via the Q&A function of Live Meeting. 3 eere.energy.gov National Building Rating Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating

245

Commercially Valuable Smart Grid Data  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

February 4, 2010 1 February 4, 2010 1 Commercially Valuable Smart Grid Data Commercially Valuable Smart Grid Data Question: What is the Department of Energy's (DOE's) approach for ensuring confidentiality of information that contains confidential and/or proprietary information that recipients are required to submit in carrying out their Metrics and Benefits Reporting Plan obligations? Answer: DOE does not anticipate requiring delivery of any "proprietary" information, i.e., confidential information developed at private expense outside the DOE grant. For data developed under a SGIG grant, DOE has the right to obtain and publish such data. However, certain "commercially valuable data" as set forth in more detail below, may be protected from publication.

246

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plumbing Products Test Procedure Plumbing Products Test Procedure Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy has proposed to update its test procedures for showerheads, faucets, water closets, urinals,and commercial prerinse spray valves, collectively known as plumbing products. This activity is mandated by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 2007 (EPCA). Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a final rule regarding test procedures for showerheads, faucets, water closets, urinals, and commercial prerinse spray valves. 78 FR 62970 (October 23, 2013). Public Meeting Information

247

Multisite Disordered Structure of Ice VII to 20 GPa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron diffraction measurements on ice VII and ice VIII at pressures up to 20 GPa provide direct evidence of multisite disorder of both oxygen and deuterium atoms in D2O ice VII, and give the magnitudes of the site separations. An O-D distance and D--D angle closest to those found in ice VIII are obtained with oxygen sites displaced along ?111? directions. Such displacements imply an H-bond geometry significantly different from that found in ice VIII, and this may have implications for the centering transition to ice X.

R. J. Nelmes; J. S. Loveday; W. G. Marshall; G. Hamel; J. M. Besson; S. Klotz

1998-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

248

Commercial Building Energy Asset Score Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fact sheet summarizing the Building Technologies Program's commercial building energy asset score program

249

Today in Energy - commercial consumption & efficiency  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Short, timely articles with graphs about recent commercial consumption and efficiency issues and trends.

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Massachusetts Municipal Commercial Industrial Incentive Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Massachusetts Municipal Commercial Industrial Incentive Program Massachusetts Municipal Commercial Industrial Incentive Program Massachusetts Municipal Commercial Industrial Incentive Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Water Heating Maximum Rebate Varies depending on utility Program Info Start Date Varies Expiration Date Varies State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies depending on utility Provider Massachusetts Municipal Wholesale Electric Company Certain municipal utilities in Massachusetts, in cooperation with

251

Energy Optimization (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Program | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Optimization (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Program Energy Optimization (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Program Energy Optimization (Electric) - Commercial Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Ventilation Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate General: See program web site Custom: 50% of project cost Program Info Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Michigan Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: $0.06/kWh/yr saved CFL Bulbs: $1 - $5 CFL Fixtures: $22/fixture High Performance T8 Lighting Retrofit: $4-$20/fixture retrofit

252

Flathead Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Flathead Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Flathead Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Maximum Rebate 70% of project cost Program Info State Montana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Retrofit Lighting: $3 - $400 per unit New Construction Lighting: $10 - $50 per unit Provider Flathead Electric Cooperative Flathead Electric Cooperative, in conjunction with Bonneville Power Administration, encourages energy efficiency in the commercial sector by providing a commercial lighting retro-fit rebate program and a new

253

Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Title Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2012 Authors Williams, Alison A., Barbara A. Atkinson, Karina Garbesi, Erik Page, and Francis M. Rubinstein Series Title The Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Volume 8 Document Number 3 Pagination 161-180 Date Published January ISBN Number 1550-2716 Keywords controls, daylighting, energy, occupancy sensors, tuning. Abstract Researchers have been quantifying energy savings from lighting controls in commercial buildings for more than 30 years. This study provides a meta-analysis of lighting energy savings identified in the literature-240 savings estimates from 88 papers and case studies, categorized into daylighting strategies, occupancy strategies, personal tuning, and institutional tuning. Beginning with an overall average of savings estimates by control strategy, successive analytical filters are added to identify potential biases introduced to the estimates by different analytical approaches. Based on this meta-analysis, the bestestimates of average lighting energy savings potential are 24 percent for occupancy, 28 percent for daylighting, 31 percent for personal tuning, 36 percent for institutional tuning, and 38 percent for multiple approaches. The results also suggest that simulations significantly overestimate (by at least 10 percent) the average savings obtainable from daylighting in actual buildings.

254

The NASA Food Commercial Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The NASA Food Technology Commercial Space Center and How Your Company Can Participate space in a range of food development projects. For more information about NASA FTCSC or to arrange a presentation about the NASA FTCSC program, contact Dr. Anthony L. Pometto III Director NASA Food Technology

Lin, Zhiqun

255

Covered Product Category: Commercial Boilers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements for commercial boilers, which is a FEMP-designated product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

256

Covered Product Category: Commercial Fryers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including commercial fryers, which are an ENERGY STAR-qualified product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

257

Covered Product Category: Commercial Dishwashers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial dishwashers, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR program. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

258

International Commercial Vehicle Technology Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cluster (CVC), the Fraunhofer Innovations Cluster for Digital Commercial Vehicle Technology (DNT Fraunhofer Innovation Cluster DNT/FUMI, Fraunhofer ITWM Opening of exhibition and come together WEDNESDAY, 12 innovation projects between the industry and the scientific fraternity. A network like the CVA works like

Steidl, Gabriele

259

REPORT OF THE COMMERCIAL FISHERIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY GALVESTON, TEXAS FISCAL YEAR, GALVESTON, TEXAS Fiscal Year 1967 Milton J. Lindner, Director Robert E. Stevenson, Assistant Director Contribution No. Z6l, Bureau of Connmercial Fisheries Biological Laboratory, Galveston, Texas Circular 295

260

Commercial Equipment Testing Enforcement Policies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In an exercise of its enforcement discretion, under specific conditions, DOE will not perform assessment testing, verification testing, or enforcement testing on units of certain types of commercial equipment if the manufacturer distributes in commerce an otherwise identical unit that does not have that feature.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Acoustic and seismic measurement of ice processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As sea ice responds to environmental forcing it deforms leading to the storage of strain energy. When mechanical failure occurs most of this energy is dissipated through fracturing but a small portion radiates as seismic and acoustic waves. These waves provide useful signals for sensing the failure process in the ice. In a recent ice mechanics experiment conducted north of Prudhoe Bay (SIMI 94) a large number of ice failure events were observed using geophone and hydrophone arrays. Preliminary results are presented including a large?scale tensile fracture test and naturally occurring sounds near a closing lead. For the artificial fracture the acoustic signals allow determination of cracking rate fracture advance and crack propagation velocities. The overall crack propagation speed is estimated to be of order 50 m?s?1; maximum cracking activities occur prior to peak loading. In the second data set the naturally occurring stick?slip process was observed as two ice sheets moved against each other in a closing lead. A wide range of frequencies can occur simultaneously representing different components of the sliding and slipping mechanisms.

David M. Farmer; Yunbo Xie

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Hydrogenation reactions in interstellar CO ice analogues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogenation reactions of CO in inter- and circumstellar ices are regarded as an important starting point in the formation of more complex species. Previous laboratory measurements by two groups on the hydrogenation of CO ices resulted in controversial results on the formation rate of methanol. Our aim is to resolve this controversy by an independent investigation of the reaction scheme for a range of H-atom fluxes and different ice temperatures and thicknesses. Reaction rates are determined by using a state-of-the-art ultra high vacuum experimental setup to bombard an interstellar CO ice analog with room temperature H atoms. The reaction of CO + H into H2CO and subsequently CH3OH is monitored by a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer in a reflection absorption mode. In addition, after each completed measurement a temperature programmed desorption experiment is performed to identify the produced species. Different H-atom fluxes, morphologies, and ice thicknesses are tested. The formation of both formaldeh...

Fuchs, G W; Ioppolo, S; Romanzin, C; Bisschop, S E; Andersson, S; Van Dishoeck, E F; Linnartz, H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Automatic Fish Classification for Underwater Species Behavior Understanding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Fish Classification for Underwater Species Behavior Understanding Concetto Spampinato an automatic fish classi- fication system that operates in the natural underwater en- vironment to assist marine biologists in understanding fish behavior. Fish classification is performed by combining two types

Fisher, Bob

264

Automatic vehicle following for emergency lane change maneuvers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A lane change maneuver is one of the many appropriate responses to an emergency situation. This thesis proposes to design a combined controller for automatic vehicles for an emergency lane change (ELC) maneuver on an Automatic Highway System (AHS...

Yoon, Seok Min

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

265

Automatically Generating Symbolic Prefetches for Distributed Transactional Memories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatically Generating Symbolic Prefetches for Distributed Transactional Memories Alokika Dash static compiler analysis that can automatically generate symbolic prefetches for distributed applications and Brian Demsky University of California, Irvine Abstract. Developing efficient distributed applications

Boyer, Edmond

266

Automatic Red Eye Removal for Digital Photography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1 Automatic Red Eye Removal for Digital Photography FRANCESCA GASPARINI DISCo, Dipartimento The red eye effect is a well known problem in photography. It is often seen in amateur shots taken with a built-in flash, but the problem is also well known to professional photographers. Red eye is the red

Schettini, Raimondo

267

Automatic Video Shot Detection from MPEG Stream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Video Shot Detection from MPEG Stream Jianping Fan Department of Computer Science;Why we need video shots? a. Text Retrieval: Keyword Extraction Indexing Document Storage Reverse File Indexing #12;Why we need video shots? b. Database Query: Entity Extraction sid name login age gpa 53666

Fan, Jianping

268

Automatically Generating Plans for Manufacturing* Billy Harris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatically Generating Plans for Manufacturing* Billy Harris Diane J. Cook Frank Lewis§ January of action. ORGANIZATION LEVEL COORDINATION LEVEL EXECUTION LEVEL A B S T R A C T I O N P R E C I S I O N

Cook, Diane J.

269

Automatic TLI recognition system, general description  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a general description of an automatic target recognition system developed at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory for the Department of Energy. A user`s manual is a separate volume, Automatic TLI Recognition System, User`s Guide, and a programmer`s manual is Automatic TLI Recognition System, Programmer`s Guide. This system was designed as an automatic target recognition system for fast screening of large amounts of multi-sensor image data, based on low-cost parallel processors. This system naturally incorporates image data fusion, and it gives uncertainty estimates. It is relatively low cost, compact, and transportable. The software is easily enhanced to expand the system`s capabilities, and the hardware is easily expandable to increase the system`s speed. In addition to its primary function as a trainable target recognition system, this is also a versatile, general-purpose tool for image manipulation and analysis, which can be either keyboard-driven or script-driven. This report includes descriptions of three variants of the computer hardware, a description of the mathematical basis if the training process, and a description with examples of the system capabilities.

Lassahn, G.D.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Automatic Alignment of Genus-Zero Surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new algorithm is presented that provides a constructive way to conformally warp a triangular mesh of genus zero to a destination surface with minimal metric deformation, as well as a means to compute automatically a measure of the geometric difference ... Keywords: Conformal mapping, mesh warping, Mbius transformation, nonrigid registration

Patrice Koehl; Joel Hass

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Automatic video tagging using content redundancy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analysis of the leading social video sharing platform YouTube reveals a high amount of redundancy, in the form of videos with overlapping or duplicated content. In this paper, we show that this redundancy can provide useful information about connections ... Keywords: automatic tagging, content-based links, data organization, neighbor-based tagging, tag propagation, video duplicates

Stefan Siersdorfer; Jose San Pedro; Mark Sanderson

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A portable, automatic SNM monitor for nuclear safeguards: Development, evaluation, and applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The portable SNM monitor is a lightweight, full-size, automatic monitor, suitable for temporary service (such as demonstrations or for use during maintenance) or as a permanent replacement for hand- held monitors. The authors based the monitor on the TSA Systems, Ltd., modular SNM monitor design and, through evaluation and improvement of the commercial modules, obtained adequate sensitivity in a single- cabinet monitor that is easily portable. Complete monitoring of pedestrians with a single detector cabinet is achieved by requiring the pedestrian to stand in front of the detectors and turn around through 360 deg while being observed by a security inspector. The monitor is available commercially as the TSA Systems Model PMD-701, and it is beginning to be used in both temporary and permanent applications.

Fehlau, P.E.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Fast Automatic Security Protocol Generation Hongbin Zhou Simon N. Foley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and relies on the skill of the protocol designer. Saidi [32] proposes a semi-automatic design tool based

Foley, Simon

274

Intertemporal Computable Equilibrium System (ICES) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intertemporal Computable Equilibrium System (ICES) Intertemporal Computable Equilibrium System (ICES) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Intertemporal Computable Equilibrium System (ICES) Agency/Company /Organization: Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei Sector: Climate, Energy Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.feem.it/getpage.aspx?id=138&sez=Research&padre=18&sub=75&idsub=102 Related Tools Ex Ante Appraisal Carbon-Balance Tool (EX-ACT) General Equilibrium Model for Economy - Energy - Environment (GEM-E3) DNE21+ ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A recursive dynamic general equilibrium model developed with the main but not exclusive purpose of assessing the final welfare implication of climate change impacts on world economies. In addition to climate-change impact

275

Ice Towing Tank | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ice Towing Tank Ice Towing Tank Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Ice Towing Tank Overseeing Organization University of Iowa Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tow Tank Length(m) 21.2 Beam(m) 5.0 Depth(m) 1.3 Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features Specialized for cold regions research, room temperature can be decreased to -10°F Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities Yes Maximum Velocity(m/s) 0.5 Length of Effective Tow(m) 15.0 Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume None Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Cameras Yes Description of Camera Types Underwater Available Sensors Acoustics, Thermal, Turbulence, Velocity Data Generation Capability

276

High-resolution subsurface water-ice distributions on Mars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Theoretical models indicate that water ice is stable in the shallow subsurface (depths of water-ice table that steadily increases in depth with decreasing latitude. More detailed modelling has ...

Joshua L. Bandfield

2007-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

277

Searching for Cosmic Accelerators via IceCube  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Searching for Cosmic Accelerators via IceCube Searching for Cosmic Accelerators via IceCube Berkeley Lab Researchers Part of an International Hunt November 21, 2013 Lynn Yarris,...

278

Application of Ice Nucleation Kinetics in Orographic Clouds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ice nucleation by silver iodide-sodium iodide aerosol particles has been characterized in the Colorado State University isothermal cloud chamber using the techniques of chemical kinetics. Two separate mechanisms of condensation-freezing ice ...

Rochelle R. Blumenstein; Robert M. Rauber; Lewis O. Grant; William G. Finnegan

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Evolutionary Optimization of an Ice Accretion Forecasting System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ability to model and forecast accretion of ice on structures is very important for many industrial sectors. For example, studies conducted by the power transmission industry indicate that the majority of failures are caused by icing on ...

Pawel Pytlak; Petr Musilek; Edward Lozowski; Dan Arnold

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Cirrus cloud formation and the role of heterogeneous ice nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Composition, size, and phase are key properties that define the ability of an aerosol particle to initiate ice in cirrus clouds. Properties of cirrus ice nuclei (IN) have not been well constrained due to a lack of systematic ...

Froyd, Karl D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Meltwater effects on flow of Greenland's ice sheet less severe...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

severe than feared Meltwater effects on flow of Greenland's ice sheet less severe for sea level rise than earlier feared, scientists say The team found that accelerating ice sheet...

282

Field determination of the densities of lake ice sheets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oct 3, 1975 ... mating the mean density of the white ice component of such a sheet makes use of the buoyancy equation for floating ice in the form h' ' p'i =.

2000-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

283

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Ice Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Ice Resurfacers Improve Air Quality in Minnesota on AddThis.com... Sept. 14, 2013

284

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Refrigerators and Freezers Residential Refrigerators and Freezers Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for residential refrigerators and freezers since 1990. Residential refrigerators and freezers include refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers, such as standard-size residential units as well as compact units used in offices and dormitory rooms. Known collectively as "refrigeration products," these appliances chill and preserve food and beverages, provide ice and chilled water, and freeze food. The standard implemented in 1990 will save approximately 5.6 quads of energy and result in approximately $61.7 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 1990-2019. The standard will avoid about 312.4 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of about 61.3 million automobiles.

285

Automatic Digital Surface Model (DSM) Generation from Linear Array Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Digital Surface Model (DSM) Generation from Linear Array Images A dissertation submitted-examiner Presented by Li Zhang Zurich 2005 #12;IGP Mitteilungen Nr. 88 Automatic Digital Surface Model (DSM-906467-55-4 #12;DISS. ETH NO. 16078 Automatic Digital Surface Model (DSM) Generation from Linear Array Images

Giger, Christine

286

Automatic parallelization of object oriented models executed with inline solvers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work we report preliminary results of automatically generating parallel code from equation-based models together at two levels: Performing inline expansion of a Runge-Kutta solver combined with fine-grained automatic parallelization of the resulting ... Keywords: automatic parallelization, modelica

Hkan Lundvall; Peter Fritzson

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF ANNUAL ICE CYCLE 1. Fall Cooling 2. Ice Formation 3. Ice Thickness 4. Seasonal Maximum Ice Cover 5ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA R.A. Assel and J describes an interactive menu- driven computer tutorial on the contemporary ice cover climatology

288

Maximum late Holocene extent of the western Greenland Ice Sheet during the late 20th century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the 20th century. This suggests a lagged ice-margin response to prior cooling, such as the Little Ice AgeMaximum late Holocene extent of the western Greenland Ice Sheet during the late 20th century Samuel Keywords: Greenland Ice Sheet Little Ice Age 10 Be exposure dating Ice-dammed lake Lake sediment core a b

Briner, Jason P.

289

Numerical simulation of ice-induced loads on ships and comparison with field measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Marine Technology, NTNU May 28, 2013 #12;Motivation Local ice load Global ice load ShipNumerical simulation of ice-induced loads on ships and comparison with field measurements Biao Su's performance · Ice-hull interaction · Local ice load · Global ice load · Ship's performance #12;Outline

Nørvåg, Kjetil

290

Maneuverability of ships in ice: numerical simulation and comparison with field measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maneuverability of ships in ice: numerical simulation and comparison with field measurements Biao Su Department of Marine Technology, NTNU May 28, 2013 #12;Motivation Local ice load Global ice load Ship's performance · Ice-hull interaction · Local ice load · Global ice load · Ship's performance #12

Nørvåg, Kjetil

291

Recent Metal Pollution in Agassiz Ice Cap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This is probably due to the close proximity and similar elevation of the two areas (Agassiz Ice Cap, Canadian Arctic and Camp Century, northwest Greenland), which are likely subjected to the same polluted air masses. ... Figure 3 shows Pb concentrations covering the past 250 years for three different Arctic areas:? Camp Century, northwest Greenland (dashed line, ref 1); Summit, central Greenland (solid line, ref 8); and Agassiz Ice Cap (star symbols, this work). ... Since Camp Century is lower than Summit (1866 vs 3228 m above sea level) and is expected to receive more pollution, the relative position of the two lines is reasonable, the dashed line being higher than the solid one. ...

V. Cheam; G. Lawson; J. Lechner; R. Desrosiers

1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

292

The IceCube Computing Infrastructure Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In addition to the big LHC experiments, a number of mid-size experiments are coming online which need to define new computing models to meet the demands on processing and storage requirements of those experiments. We present the hybrid computing model of IceCube which leverages Grid models with a more flexible direct user model as an example of a possible solution. In IceCube a central data center at UW-Madison serves as a Tier-0 with a single Tier-1 at DESY Zeuthen.

M Merck; S Barnet

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Covered Product Category: Water-Cooled Ice Machines  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance and federal efficiency requirements for water-cooled ice machines.

294

An update on land-ice modeling in the CESM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mass loss from land ice, including the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets as well as smaller glacier and ice caps, is making a large and growing contribution to global sea-level rise. Land ice is only beginning to be incorporated in climate models. The goal of the Land Ice Working Group (LIWG) is to develop improved land-ice models and incorporate them in CESM, in order to provide useful, physically-based sea-level predictions. LJWG efforts to date have led to the inclusion of a dynamic ice-sheet model (the Glimmer Community Ice Sheet Model, or Glimmer-CISM) in the Community Earth System Model (CESM), which was released in June 2010. CESM also includes a new surface-mass-balance scheme for ice sheets in the Community Land Model. Initial modeling efforts are focused on the Greenland ice sheet. Preliminary results are promising. In particular, the simulated surface mass balance for Greenland is in good agreement with observations and regional model results. The current model, however, has significant limitations: The land-ice coupling is one-way; we are using a serial version of Glimmer-CISM with the shallow-ice approximation; and there is no ice-ocean coupling. During the next year we plan to implement two-way coupling (including ice-ocean coupling with a dynamic Antarctic ice sheet) with a parallel , higher-order version of Glimmer-CISM. We will also add parameterizations of small glaciers and ice caps. With these model improvements, CESM will be able to simulate all the major contributors to 21st century global sea-level rise. Results of the first round of simulations should be available in time to be included in the Fifth Assessment Report (ARS) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Lipscomb, William H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

295

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Reports > Trends in Commercial Buildings Trends: Buildings and Floorspace Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Overview: The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector Since 1978, the Energy Information Administration has collected basic statistical information from three of the major end-use sectors— residential, and industrial— periodic energy consumption surveys. Each survey is a snapshot of how energy is used in the year of the survey; the series of surveys in each sector reveals the trends in energy use for the sector. Introduction The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects data from a sample of buildings representative of the commercial buildings

296

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High-Intensity Discharge Lamps High-Intensity Discharge Lamps Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products There are currently no energy conservation standards for high-intensity discharge (HID) lamps. HID lamps are electric discharge lamps and include high-pressure sodium, mercury vapor, and metal halide lamps. HID lamps require an HID ballast to start and regulate electric current flow through the lamp. HID lamps are used in street and roadway lighting, area lighting such as for parking lots and plazas, industrial and commercial building interior lighting, security lighting for commercial, industrial, and residential spaces, and landscape lighting. The Standards and Test Procedures for this product are related to Rulemaking for High Intensity Discharge Lamps Energy Conservation Standard and Rulemaking for High Intensity Discharge Lamps Test Procedures.

297

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Single Package Vertical Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Single Package Vertical Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's energy conservation standards for single package vertical air conditioners and heat pumps as a separate equipment class since 2008. Before 2010, this equipment was regulated under the broader scope of commercial air conditioning and heating equipment. Single package vertical air conditioners and heat pumps are commercial air conditioning and heating equipment with its main components arranged in a vertical fashion. They are mainly used in modular classrooms, modular office buildings, telecom shelters, and hotels, and are typically installed on the outside of an exterior wall or in a closet against an exterior wall but inside the building.

298

Contemporary Lake Superior Ice Cover Climatology Raymond A. Assel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1973 to 2002) were digitized and analyzed to produce ice charts that portray spatial patterns of datesContemporary Lake Superior Ice Cover Climatology Raymond A. Assel NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Introduction A brief discussion of Lake Superior ice cover climatology (Phillips, 1978) was included

299

On the scatteringgreenhouse effect of CO 2 ice clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that young Mars was warm enough to support flowing water present a continuing enigma (Squyres and Kasting 1994). Kasting (1991) showed that, owing to the effects of CO 2 condensation on temperature lapse rate the optical effects of CO 2 ­ice clouds, but remarked that because CO 2 ­ice (unlike water­ice) has very low

Pierrehumbert, Raymond

300

Spectroscopic measurement of the vapour pressure of ice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Murphy Meeting Issue Water in the gas phase . We...triple-point state of water and uses frequency-stabilized...temperature-regulated standard humidity generator, which contains ice...within 0.35 per cent. water vapour|ice vapour pressure...technical fields. In atmospheric physics, ice crystals...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ICE STORAGE AIR CONDITIONING (ISAC) UNITS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cooling with the compressor). Yes No #12;STATE OF CALIFORNIA ICE STORAGE AIR CONDITIONING (ISAC) UNITS CECSTATE OF CALIFORNIA ICE STORAGE AIR CONDITIONING (ISAC) UNITS CEC-CF-6R-MECH-08 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-MECH-08 Ice Storage Air Conditioning (ISAC) Units

302

Climate impacts of ice nucleation A. Gettelman,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

back to space, cooling the planet. However, ice clouds, being cold, radiate much less long wave and cooling, with warming thought to be slightly larger. [3] Changes to ice cloud microphysics might alterClimate impacts of ice nucleation A. Gettelman,1,2 X. Liu,3 D. Barahona,4,5 U. Lohmann,2 and C

Gettelman, Andrew

303

Stresses generated in cooling viscoelastic ice shells: Application to Europa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stresses generated in cooling viscoelastic ice shells: Application to Europa F. Nimmo Department to cooling and the expansion of the shell due to the ice-water volume change. The former effect generates Citation: Nimmo, F. (2004), Stresses generated in cooling viscoelastic ice shells: Application to Europa, J

Nimmo, Francis

304

Characteristics of Arctic Sea-Ice Thickness Variability in GCMs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Skillful Arctic sea ice forecasts may be possible for lead times of months or even years owing to the persistence of thickness anomalies. In this study sea ice thickness variability is characterized in fully coupled GCMs and sea iceocean-only ...

Edward Blanchard-Wrigglesworth; Cecilia M. Bitz

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Autosub missions beneath Polar Ice: Preparation and Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autosub missions beneath Polar Ice: Preparation and Experience Gwyn Griffiths Southampton, May 2004 #12;Autosub Polar Campaigns J 2001 - Krill distribution and sea ice thickness studies in the northern Weddell Sea (Brierley, Fernandes and Brandon). J 2003 - Sea ice thickness, Bellingshausen Sea

Griffiths, Gwyn

306

Bonding and Electronic Properties of Ice at High Pressure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between the nearest oxygen atoms. All ice structures that we discussed so far are insulators. Militzer 1 Bonding and Electronic Properties of Ice at High Pressure B. Militzer Department of Earth of water ice at megabar pressure are characterized with ab initio computer simulations. The focus lies

Militzer, Burkhard

307

ICE SHEET SOURCES OF SEA LEVEL RISE AND FRESHWATER DISCHARGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICE SHEET SOURCES OF SEA LEVEL RISE AND FRESHWATER DISCHARGE DURING THE LAST DEGLACIATION Anders E the sources of sea level rise and freshwater dis- charge to the global oceans associated with retreat of ice­10 m sea level rise at 19.0­19.5 ka, sourced largely from Northern Hemisphere ice sheet retreat

Carlson, Anders

308

FROM INTERSTELLAR POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS AND ICE TO ASTROBIOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

photolysis of these ices produces a host of new compounds, some of which show intriguing prebiotic behavior1 FROM INTERSTELLAR POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS AND ICE TO ASTROBIOLOGY LOUIS J. ALLAMANDOLA, the concept of ices in dense molecular clouds ignored, and the notion of large, abundant, gas phase, carbon

309

Correspondence Laboratory observations of debris-bearing ice facies frozen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, others argue that supercooling is not the only mechanism for producing thick basal ice sequencesCorrespondence Laboratory observations of debris-bearing ice facies frozen from supercooled water. Supercooling has been invoked to explain anomalously thick basal ice sequences beneath temperate glaciers

Knight, Peter G.

310

The Need for SPIRIT DEMs to Quantify Antarctic Ice Sheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

appropriate mask ­ SPIRIT has the data and could produce the necessary DEMs #12;Conclusions · Antarctic iceThe Need for SPIRIT DEMs to Quantify Antarctic Ice Sheet Discharge Robert Bindschadler NASA & UMBC #12;Antarctic Ice Sheet Discharge · 33 largest, most active basins account for 840 Gt/a (Rignot

Berthier, Etienne

311

Computational methods for several models of ice stream flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on any grid Shallow ice approximation produces oscillatory solutions Nonlinear and linear solvers haveComputational methods for several models of ice stream flow Jed Brown Laboratory of Hydrology transition at ice stream margins Bed slope is discontinuous and of order 1. Taylor expansions no longer valid

Brown, Jed

312

The Ice Rink Problem 1 Bernard M.E. Moret,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Ice Rink Problem 1 Bernard M.E. Moret, Michael Collins, Jared Saia, and Ling Yu Department the sensor footprint. A similar task with a simpler geometry consists of cleaning an ice rink. We prove that the method used in ice rinks (the ``Zamboni algorithm'') is optimal and use it to develop heuristics

Moret, Bernard

313

Operation and Control of Full Ice-storage System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a dividing time ice-storage system, the refrigerator does not operate during power's on-peak period, and all the cooling is supplied by the ice stored in off-peak period, so that the use of electricity can be maintained. When the ice is thawing...

Liu, Q.; Liu, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Full Report Full Report Energy Information Administration > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey > Overview of Commercial Buildings Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 Introduction The Energy Information Administration conducts the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to collect information on energy-related building characteristics and types and amounts of energy consumed in commercial buildings in the United States. In 2003, CBECS reports that commercial buildings: ● total nearly 4.9 million buildings ● comprise more than 71.6 billion square feet of floorspace ● consumed more than 6,500 trillion Btu of energy, with electricity accounting for 55 percent and natural gas 32 percent (Figure 1) ●

315

Barron Electric Cooperative - Commercial, Industrial, and Agricultural  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Barron Electric Cooperative - Commercial, Industrial, and Barron Electric Cooperative - Commercial, Industrial, and Agricultural Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Barron Electric Cooperative - Commercial, Industrial, and Agricultural Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate $10,000 per account, not to exceed 20% of cost Scroll Refrigeration Compressors: $500 Variable Speed/Frequency Drive Motor: $500 Variable Speed Compressed Air Motor: $500 Energy Audit: One in Five Years Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audit: Free General Lighting: $1 - $15/unit LED Lamps: $2/bulb

316

Burlington Electric Department - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Burlington Electric Department - Commercial Energy Efficiency Burlington Electric Department - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Burlington Electric Department - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Rebates exceeding $5,000 require pre-approval by BED prior to purchase Buildings exceeding 10,000 square feet must consult BED regarding rebates prior to purchase Program Info State Vermont Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: See Program Website HVAC Air Conditioners/Heat Pumps: $50 - $100/ton Integrated Dual Enthalpy Economizer Controls: $250/controlled unit Ventilation Fans: $35 - $60

317

Roseville Electric - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Roseville Electric - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Insulation Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Expiration Date 6/30/2013 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Unitary AC/Heat Pump: $120/ton or $500/ton Package Terminal AC/Heat Pumps: $125/unit Variable Frequency Drive: $120/hp Variable Speed Motor: $75/hp Window Film: $4/sq ft Shade Tree: $30/tree Desktop Computer Network Controller: $10/computer Cold Cathode Lamps: $4/lamp Ceramic Metal Halide: $20/lamp

318

Liberty Utilities (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Liberty Utilities (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Liberty Utilities (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs Liberty Utilities (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Manufacturing Other Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Custom Incentives: amount that buys down the cost of the project to a 1 year simple payback Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom Retrofits and Engineering Studies: 50% of project cost Fluorescent Lighting: $10-$50 High Bay: $70 or $100 (retrofit) Metal Halide: $50 or $70 LED Exit Signs: $12 LED Traffic Signals: $50

319

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Introduction Introduction Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) > Overview of Commercial Buildings Print Report: PDF Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 Introduction | Trends | Major Characteristics Introduction The Energy Information Administration conducts the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to collect information on energy-related building characteristics and types and amounts of energy consumed in commercial buildings in the United States. In 2003, CBECS reports that commercial buildings: total nearly 4.9 million buildings comprise more than 71.6 billion square feet of floorspace consumed more than 6,500 trillion Btu of energy, with electricity accounting for 55 percent and natural gas 32 percent (Figure 1)

320

Liberty Utilities (Gas) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Liberty Utilities (Gas) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs Liberty Utilities (Gas) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs Liberty Utilities (Gas) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Other Construction Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Custom Projects: $100,000 (existing facilities); $250,000 (new construction) Energy Efficiency Engineering Study: $10,000 Steam Traps: $2500 Programmable Thermostats: up to five units Boiler Reset Controls: up to two units Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Seismic reflection studies of the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica: delineating meteoric and marine ice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......important role in the global climate system (Allison...studies of the impact of global warming on present-day ice shelves...the subsequent effect on global ocean circulation and...graben, where Permian coal-bearing, flat lying......

Kathleen L. McMahon; Mark A. Lackie

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building energy benchmarking is the comparison of whole-building energy use relative to a set of similar buildings. It provides a useful starting point for individual energy audits and for targeting buildings for energy-saving measures in multiple-site audits. Benchmarking is of interest and practical use to a number of groups. Energy service companies and performance contractors communicate energy savings potential with ''typical'' and ''best-practice'' benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings. Benchmarking is also useful in the design stage of a new building or retrofit to determine if a design is relatively efficient. Energy managers and building owners have an ongoing interest in comparing energy performance to others. Large corporations, schools, and government agencies with numerous facilities also use benchmarking methods to compare their buildings to each other. The primary goal of Task 2.1.1 Web-based Benchmarking was the development of a web-based benchmarking tool, dubbed Cal-Arch, for benchmarking energy use in California commercial buildings. While there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers prior to the development of Cal-Arch, there were none that were based solely on California data. Most available benchmarking information, including the Energy Star performance rating, were developed using DOE's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), which does not provide state-level data. Each database and tool has advantages as well as limitations, such as the number of buildings and the coverage by type, climate regions and end uses. There is considerable commercial interest in benchmarking because it provides an inexpensive method of screening buildings for tune-ups and retrofits. However, private companies who collect and manage consumption data are concerned that the identities of building owners might be revealed and hence are reluctant to share their data. The California Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), the primary source of data for Cal-Arch, is a unique source of information on commercial buildings in California. It has not been made public; however, it was made available by CEC to LBNL for the purpose of developing a public benchmarking tool.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Ice Mass Balance Buoys: A tool for measuring and attributing changes in the thickness of the Arctic sea ice cover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ice Mass Balance Buoys: A tool for measuring and attributing changes in the thickness of the Arctic sea ice cover Jacqueline A. Richter-Menge1 , Donald K. Perovich1 , Bruce C. Elder1 , Keran Claffey1 Abstract Recent observational and modeling studies indicate that the Arctic sea ice cover is undergoing

Rigor, Ignatius G.

324

Polar bears could survive on persisting ice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 2010, although the project has stopped moving forwards since the US government clamped down on offshore oil drilling after the Gulf of Mexico spill in April. Smith doesn't know ... drilling after the Gulf of Mexico spill in April. Smith doesn't know whether a rig itself would have an impact on wildlife seeking refuge on ice in a shoal, ...

Nicola Jones

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Stability of ice-sheet grounding lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for flow down shallow valleys, while the latter considers...Pine Island glacier in West Antarctica. Conclusions...Setting gives a single valley with a width equal to...presence of the internal valley, even if it is narrow...dynamical models of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Ice nanoclusters at hydrophobic metal surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and characterization of metal-supported water hexamers and a family of hydrated nanoclusters-- heptamers, octamers to nucleate through the presence of an `ice nucleating agent': a microscopic seed particle of salt, sand or such as the formation of new water structures not observed in the gas phase, altered H-bond strengths or different

327

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note SAF/OSI/CDOP/KNMI/TEC/TN/165 CMOD5.n - the CMOD5 GMF SAF to produce neutral winds rather than real 10m winds. Currently, the CMOD5 Geophysical Model]. KNMI subsequently produced a CMOD5.n Lookup Table and tested the retrieved Maximum Likelihood Estimator

Stoffelen, Ad

328

Orio: Automatic Performance Tuning | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Orio: Automatic Performance Tuning Orio: Automatic Performance Tuning High-level depiction of the structure and the optimization process of the Orio framework High-level depiction of the structure and the optimization process of the Orio framework Orio is an annotation-based empirical tuning system aimed at improving both performance and productivity by enabling software developers to insert annotations in the form of structured comments into their source code. Given the annotated code as input, Orio generates many tuned versions of the same operation and empirically evaluates the versions to select the best-performing one for a specified code fragment. People Involved Azamat Mametjanov Other Contributors Boyana Norris (University of Oregon) Albert Hartono (Ohio State) P. Sadayappan (Ohio State)

329

Catching cosmic clues in the ice - recent results from IceCube  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IceCube is a neutrino observatory located deep in the Antarctic glacier close to the geographical South Pole. Close to a gigaton of ice has been instrumented with optical sensors with the primary goal of searching for neutrinos from the still unknown sources of the highest-energy cosmic rays. Last year, IceCube observed for the first time ever a handful of high-energy neutrinos which must have originated outside the solar system. The discovery was named the 2013 Breakthrough of the Year by the British magazine Physics World. It is the first necessary step to actually achieve the dream of charting the places in the universe able to accelerate hadrons to energies over a million times higher than those at the LHC. The science goals of IceCube extend beyond astrophysics: IceCube is also a powerful tool for searches of dark matter and can be used to study phenomena connected to the neutrinos themselves, like neutrino oscillations. The talk will be an update on the most recent results from IceCube.

CERN. Geneva

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Dominion Virginia Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Dominion Virginia Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs Dominion Virginia Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs Dominion Virginia Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Expiration Date March 31, 2013 State Virginia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Energy Audit/Incentives: Up to $4,000 Duct Testing/Sealing: $90/ton (20 tons or less) Duct Testing/Sealing: $75/ton (21 tons or more) Dominion Virginia Power provides a number of rebates to customers for the installation of energy efficient equipment and measures.

331

Electric Storage in California's Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or combined heat and power (CHP) in commercial buildings anda renewable energy source or CHP system at the commercialPV at (GW) microgrids adopted CHP and (GW) DG at microgrids

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Non -commercial License 1. INTENT/PURPOSE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

licensee to commercialize the software or any derivative work of the software. 8. FEE/ROYALTY Licensee pays no royalty for non-commercial license Licensee and any third parties must enter a new agreement

Barthe, Loïc

333

Sol-gel process set for commercialization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sol-gel process set for commercialization ... Research on embedding chemical compounds in porous glass, carried out in Israel at Hebrew University of Jerusalem, has reached the point of commercialization. ...

JAMES KRIEGER

1992-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

334

Commercial Cooler: Order (2013-CE-5343)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered Commercial Cooler, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Commercial Cooler had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

335

Automatic CX Tool for Electrical Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management have been reached [ASHRAE, 2005]. The aim of this paper is to show the methodology used to develop an automatic Cx tool for electrical buildings. The tool contains, on the one hand, several Functional Test Procedures (FTPs) for most... temperature control (set point temperature, etc), Lighting & Ventilation: scheduling, zoning, Domestic hot water: scheduling. METHODOLOGY AND TOOL SPECIFICATIONS This Cx tool is intended for the end user, i.e. the energy manager. A particular...

Couillaud, N.; Jandon, M.; Viaud, B.; Clemoncon, B.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Automatic detection of sweep-meshable volumes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of and software for automatically determining whether a mesh can be generated by sweeping for a representation of a geometric solid comprising: classifying surface mesh schemes for surfaces of the representation locally using surface vertex types; grouping mappable and submappable surfaces of the representation into chains; computing volume edge types for the representation; recursively traversing surfaces of the representation and grouping the surfaces into source, target, and linking surface lists; and checking traversal direction when traversing onto linking surfaces.

Tautges; Timothy J. (Madison, WI), White; David R. (Pittsburgh, PA)

2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

337

Automatic programming of AGVS simulation models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

restricted its rule base and stack size. While expanded memory to 2M bytes is available for these machines, Turbo Prolog is not currently designed to utilize the Lotus/Intel/MicroSoft protocol necessary for supporting this environment. This problem might...). The modeling system is capable of guiding and assisting the engineer with a level of "expertise" comparable to a trained simulation specialist. The modeling support program is an automatic programming system, written in Turbo Prolog which generates...

Brazier, Mark Kevin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

338

Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE commercial building energy asset rating program information presented to stakeholders at the workshop held in Washington, DC, December 2011

339

Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Primer  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

than 4 units) *Condominiums *Apartment complexes Commercial *Office buildings *Malls *Gas stations *Restaurants Industrial *Factories *Warehouses *Computer chip manufacturers...

340

ITP Industrial Materials: Development and Commercialization of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Industrial Materials: Development and Commercialization of Alternative Carbon Fiber Precursors and Conversion Technologies ITP Industrial Materials: Development and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Commercial Cooking Equipment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooking Equipment Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCommercialCookingEquipment&oldid38063...

342

Technology Development and Commercialization | Argonne National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Technology Fact Sheets Synthesizing Pharmaceuticals Using Containerless Processing Commercialization target set for larger, more precise photodetectors to aid science,...

343

Commercial Mobile Radio Service (WRI CMRS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commercial Mobile Radio Service (WRI ­ CMRS) Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor · Improved safety of CMVs and their operation · Reductions in accidents · Increased productivity and mobility · CMRS ­ Commercial Mobile Radio Services · Includes telematics devices (such as electronic on

344

Solar Congeneration for Commercial Rooftops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Cogeneration for Commercial Rooftops Arun Gupta, PhD agupta@skyentechnologies.com ESL-KT-13-12-36 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Introduction What is Solar Cogeneration? ? Fun fact...: Typical photovoltaic (PV) solar panels waste roughly 85% of their energy as heat ? Q: Why not capture that heat and use it to heat water? What is Concentrating Solar? ? Using mirrors or lenses to concentrate sunlight ? Why? Less PV material, higher...

Gupta, A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Grounding-line migration in plan-view marine ice-sheet models: results of the ice2sea MISMIP3d intercomparison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

models (SSA, AHySSA) produce larger ice sheets than modelsplan-view ice-sheet models they produce different results.the Antarctic ice sheet should at least produce grounding-

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Progress Energy Carolinas - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Efficiency Program Energy Efficiency Program Progress Energy Carolinas - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Custom Projects: 75% of the incremental measure costs Technical Efficiency Studies: 50% of cost up to $10,000-$20,000 Design Incentive (New Construction): $50,000 Program Info Expiration Date 1/1/2013 State South Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: $0.08 per kW hour saved annually CFL Lamps (Retrofit Only): $1.50

347

Research and Commercialization Grants | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Research and Commercialization Grants Research and Commercialization Grants Research and Commercialization Grants < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Schools Institutional Systems Integrator Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 1999 State Montana Program Type Grant Program Provider Montana Department of Commerce The Board of Research and Commercialization Technology provides grants for renewable resource research and development projects, among other types, to

348

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Survey Methodology Sampling Error, Standard Errors, and Relative Standard Errors The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of buildings that would not be considered “commercial” in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Excluded from the sector are the goods-producing industries: manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and fisheries, and construction.

349

Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings » Research Projects » Commercial Reference Buildings » Research Projects » Commercial Reference Buildings Commercial Reference Buildings The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories, developed commercial reference buildings, formerly known as commercial building benchmark models. These reference buildings play a critical role in the program's energy modeling software research by providing complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. There are 16 building types that represent approximately 70% of the commercial buildings in the U.S., according to the report published by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory titled U.S. Department of Energy Commercial Reference Building Models of the National Building Stock. These

350

Consumers Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Consumers Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program Consumers Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program Consumers Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Manufacturing Other Construction Commercial Weatherization Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Prescriptive: $100,000 per facility Custom: 50% of project cost and $200,000 per facility (100% of the calculated incentive up to $100,000 and 50% of the calculated incentive above $100,000) Large Gas Customer Incentive Limit: $25,000 Customer Incentive Limit: $500,000

351

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Since the first CBECS in 1979, the commercial buildings sector has increased in size. From 1979 to 2003: The number of commercial buildings increased from 3.8 million to 4.9 million (Figure 3). The amount of commercial floorspace increased from 51 billion to 72 billion square feet (Figure 4). Total energy consumed increased from less than 5,900 trillion to more than 6,500 trillion Btu (Figure 5). Electricity and natural gas consumption, nearly equal in 1979, diverged; electricity increased to more than 3,500 trillion Btu by 2003 while natural gas declined to 2,100 trillion Btu. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003.

352

Commercial and Industrial Base Intermittent Resource Management Pilot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Warming and re-cooling may also result in ice crystal growthice storage systems to shift a total of 7.9 MW of coolingto shift cooling loads. Storage media, such as ice, water or

Kiliccote, Sila

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Revised estimates of Greenland ice sheet thinning histories based on ice-core records  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ice core records were recently used to infer elevation changes of the Greenland ice sheet throughout the Holocene. The inferred elevation changes show a significantly greater elevation reduction than those output from numerical models, bringing into question the accuracy of the model-based reconstructions and, to some extent, the estimated elevation histories. A key component of the ice core analysis involved removing the influence of vertical surface motion on the ?18O signal measured from the Agassiz and Renland ice caps. We re-visit the original analysis with the intent to determine if the use of more accurate land uplift curves can account for some of the above noted discrepancy. To improve on the original analysis, we apply a geophysical model of glacial isostatic adjustment calibrated to sea-level records from the Queen Elizabeth Islands and Greenland to calculate the influence of land height changes on the ?18O signal from the two ice cores. This procedure is complicated by the fact that ?18O contained in Agassiz ice is influenced by land height changes distant from the ice cap and so selecting a single location at which to compute the land height signal is not possible. Uncertainty in this selection is further complicated by the possible influence of Innuitian ice during the early Holocene (128kaBP). Our results indicate that a more accurate treatment of the uplift correction leads to elevation histories that are, in general, shifted down relative to the original curves at GRIP, NGRIP, DYE-3 and Camp Century. In addition, compared to the original analysis, the 1-? uncertainty is considerably larger at GRIP and NGRIP. These changes reduce the data-model discrepancy reported by Vinther etal. (2009) at GRIP, NGRIP, DYE-3 and Camp Century. A more accurate treatment of isostasy and surface loading also acts to improve the data-model fits such that the residuals at all four sites for the period 8kaBP to present are significantly reduced compared to the original analysis. Prior to 8kaBP, the possible influence of Innuitian ice on the inferred elevation histories prevents a meaningful comparison.

Benoit S. Lecavalier; Glenn A. Milne; Bo M. Vinther; David A. Fisher; Arthur S. Dyke; Matthew J.R. Simpson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER COMMERCIALIZATION ACT OF 2000 PDF | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER COMMERCIALIZATION ACT OF 2000 PDF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER COMMERCIALIZATION ACT OF 2000 PDF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER COMMERCIALIZATION ACT OF 2000 PDF TECHNOLOGY...

355

Complex System Method to Assess Commercial Vehicle Fuel Consumption...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Complex System Method to Assess Commercial Vehicle Fuel Consumption Complex System Method to Assess Commercial Vehicle Fuel Consumption Two case studies for commercial vehicle...

356

Clean Energy Finance Guide, Chapter 12: Commercial Property-Assessed...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guide to Commercial Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Financing Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Primer Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Primer...

357

Guide to Commercial Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Financing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

12: Commercial Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Financing Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Primer Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Primer...

358

Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Primer | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Primer Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Primer An overview of Commercial PACE programs, featuring an explanation of...

359

Transforming Commercial Building Operations - 2013 BTO Peer Review...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Transforming Commercial Building Operations - 2013 BTO Peer Review Transforming Commercial Building Operations - 2013 BTO Peer Review Commercial Buildings Integration Project for...

360

Large Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Cloud ice water concentration is one of the most important, yet poorly observed, cloud properties. Developing physical parameterizations used in general circulation models through single-column modeling is one of the key foci of the ARM program. In addition to the vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor and condensed water at the model grids, large-scale horizontal advective tendencies of these variables are also required as forcing terms in the single-column models. Observed horizontal advection of condensed water has not been available because the radar/lidar/radiometer observations at the ARM site are single-point measurement, therefore, do not provide horizontal distribution of condensed water. The intention of this product is to provide large-scale distribution of cloud ice water by merging available surface and satellite measurements. The satellite cloud ice water algorithm uses ARM ground-based measurements as baseline, produces datasets for 3-D cloud ice water distributions in a 10 deg x 10 deg area near ARM site. The approach of the study is to expand a (surface) point measurement to an (satellite) areal measurement. That is, this study takes the advantage of the high quality cloud measurements at the point of ARM site. We use the cloud characteristics derived from the point measurement to guide/constrain satellite retrieval, then use the satellite algorithm to derive the cloud ice water distributions within an area, i.e., 10 deg x 10 deg centered at ARM site.

Liu, Guosheng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

ICE Cleaning Test Report.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

16 16 FIELD DEMONSTRATION OF THE ICE 250 TM CLEANING SYSTEM AT THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN OILFIELD TESTING CENTER CASPER, WYOMING August 18-19, 1999 Date Published: October 5, 1999 J.L. Johnston L.M. Jackson PREPARED FOR THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY/ROCKY MOUNTAIN OILFIELD TESTING CENTER Work Performed Under Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) CRADA No. 99-009 TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract.............................................................................................................................................1 Introduction.......................................................................................................................................1 Product Description ...........................................................................................................................1

362

New physics with IceCube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

IceCube, a cubic kilometer neutrino telescope, will be capable of probing neutrino-nucleon interactions in the ultrahigh energy regime, far beyond the energies reached by colliders. In this article we introduce a new observable that combines several advantages; it only makes use of the upward-going neutrino flux, so that the Earth filters the atmospheric muons, and it is only weakly dependent on the initial astrophysical flux uncertainties.

Matias M. Reynoso and Oscar A. Sampayo

2007-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

363

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Room Air Conditioners Room Air Conditioners Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the energy efficiency level of residential room air conditioners since 1987. Residential room air conditioners are mounted in windows or through walls and deliver conditioned air to enclosed spaces. Room air conditioners typically extract heat from the room and vent it outdoors. These products are offered in a broad range of sizes and configurations. They are used in homes, apartments, and commercial settings. The standard implemented in 1990 will save approximately 0.7 quads of energy and result in approximately $8 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 1990-2019. The standard will avoid about 41.4 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of about 8.1 million automobiles.

364

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Showerheads Showerheads Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the water consumption level of showerheads since 1992. A showerhead is a perforated nozzle that distributes water over a large solid angle at point of use, generally overhead of the bather. They are used widely in residential and commercial settings. The current standard will save approximately 6 quads of energy and result in approximately $120 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 1994-2013. The standard will avoid about 329.2 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of about 64.5 million automobiles. The Standards and Test Procedures for this product are related to Rulemaking for Plumbing Products Test Procedure.

365

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Alternate Rating Methods Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Alternate Rating Methods Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to revise and expand its existing regulations governing the use of alternative efficiency determination methods (AEDM) and alternate rating methods (ARM) for covered products as alternatives to testing for the purpose of certifying compliance. Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a final rule revising its existing regulations governing the use of particular methods as alternatives to testing for commercial heating, ventilating, air conditioning, water heating, and refrigeration equipment. 78 FR 79579 (December 31, 2013).

366

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Closets (Flush Toilets) Water Closets (Flush Toilets) Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the energy efficiency level of water closets (flush toilets) since 1992. Water closets (flush toilets) dispose of human waste by using water to flush it through a drainpipe to another location. The current standard will result in approximately $132.2 billion in savings for products shipped from 2007-2026. The Standards and Test Procedures for this product are related to Rulemaking for Plumbing Products Test Procedure. Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a final rule regarding test procedures for showerheads, faucets, water closets, urinals, and commercial prerinse spray valves. 78 FR 62970 (October 23, 2013). For more information, please see the rulemaking page.

367

commercial building | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

building building Dataset Summary Description Source EERE Date Released September 27th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated September 27th, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords buildings commercial building DOE energy use Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon New construction (xlsx, 391.9 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Post-1980 construction (in or after 1980) (xlsx, 391.9 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Pre-1980 construction (xlsx, 367.5 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

368

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Illuminated Exit Signs Illuminated Exit Signs Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the energy efficiency level of illuminated exit signs since 2005. Illuminated exit signs are used to indicate exit doors in schools, hospitals, libraries, government buildings, and commercial buildings of all kinds, including offices, restaurants, stores, auditoriums, stadiums, and movie theatres. Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information Recent Updates There are no recent updates for this equipment. Standards for Illuminated Exit Signs The following content summarizes the energy conservation standards for illuminated exit signs. The text is not an official reproduction of the Code of Federal Regulations and should not be used for legal research or citation.

369

SF6432-CS Commercial Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7/31/13 7/31/13 Page 1 of 18 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-CS (07/2013) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL SERVICES THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS (Ts&Cs) APPLICABLE LAW ASSIGNMENT BANKRUPTCY CANCELLATION OR TERMINATION FOR CONVENIENCE CHANGES COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS DEFINITIONS DISPUTES EXCUSABLE DELAYS EXPORT CONTROL ORDER OF PRECEDENCE PAYMENT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION PROGRAM

370

commercial buildings | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

buildings buildings Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords buildings carbon dioxide emissions carbon footprinting CO2 commercial buildings electricity emission factors ERCOT hourly emission factors interconnect nitrogen oxides NOx SO2

371

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Faucets Faucets Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the water consumption level of faucets since 1992. This standard covers kitchen faucets and kitchen replacement aerators, lavatory faucets and lavatory replacement aerators, and metering faucets. These faucets are used widely in residential and commercial settings. The current standard will save approximately 0.9 quads of energy and result in approximately $25.2 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 1994-2013. The standard will avoid about 49.1 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of about 9.6 million automobiles. The Standards and Test Procedures for this product are related to Rulemaking for Plumbing Products Test Procedure.

372

Drilling deep in South Pole Ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To detect the tiny flux of ultra-high energy neutrinos from active galactic nuclei or from interactions of highest energy cosmic rays with the microwave background photons needs target masses of the order of several hundred cubic kilometers. Clear Antarctic ice has been discussed as a favorable material for hybrid detection of optical, radio and acoustic signals from ultra-high energy neutrino interactions. To apply these technologies at the adequate scale hundreds of holes have to be drilled in the ice down to depths of about 2500 m to deploy the corresponding sensors. To do this on a reasonable time scale is impossible with presently available tools. Remote drilling and deployment schemes have to be developed to make such a detector design reality. After a short discussion of the status of modern hot water drilling we present here a design of an autonomous melting probe, tested 50 years ago to reach a depth of about 1000 m in Greenland ice. A scenario how to build such a probe today with modern technologies...

Karg, Timo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

ICE LINES IN CIRCUMBINARY PROTOPLANETARY DISKS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I examine the position of the ice line in circumbinary disks heated by steady mass accretion and stellar irradiation and compare with the critical semimajor axis, interior to which planetary orbits are unstable. There is a critical binary separation, dependent on the binary parameters and disk properties, for which binaries with separations larger than this critical value have ice lines that lie interior to the boundary of stability. For an equal-mass binary comprised of 1 M{sub Sun} components, this critical separation is Almost-Equal-To 1.04 AU, and scales weakly with mass accretion rate and Rosseland mean opacity ({proportional_to}[ M-dot {kappa}{sub R}]{sup 2/9}). Assuming a steady mass accretion rate of M-dot {approx}10{sup -8} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1} and a Rosseland mean opacity of {kappa}{sub R} {approx} 1 cm{sup 2} g{sup -1}, I show that {approx}> 80% of all binary systems with component masses M{sub *} {approx}< 2.0 M{sub Sun} have ice lines that lie interior to the critical semimajor axis. This suggests that rocky planets should not form in these systems, a prediction which can be tested by looking for planets around binaries with separations larger than the critical separation with Kepler (difficult) and with microlensing.

Clanton, Christian, E-mail: clanton@astronomy.ohio-state.edu [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Automatic TLI recognition system, programmer`s guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the software of an automatic target recognition system (version 14), from a programmer`s point of view. The intent is to provide information that will help people who wish to modify the software. In separate volumes are a general description of the ATR system, Automatic TLI Recognition System, General Description, and a user`s manual, Automatic TLI Recognition System, User`s Guide. 2 refs.

Lassahn, G.D.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-20 SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE CONDITIONS,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooling Phase 3.2.2 Ice Formation and Breakup Phases 3.2.3 The Ice Cycle on Lake Superior 3.2.4 The IceNOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-20 SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE CONDITIONS, WINTER of this NOAA Environmental Research Laboratories publication. ii #12;LANDSAT fake color image of ice cover

376

Changes of Myofibrillar Proteins and Texture in Freshwater Prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, During Iced Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in an ice slurry. Upon death, whole prawns were stored in slush ice in an insulated container at O°C. After, During Iced Storage H. W. KYE, W. K. NIP and J. H. MOY Introduction Shelf life of ice-chilled freshwater in penaid shrimp dur ing iced storage and demonstrated myo fibrillar breakdown, especially Z

377

NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region: a numerical study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ice cover suppresses the development of thermal insulation during the ice formation processNAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region: a numerical study Aixue The variability of net sea ice production and sea ice exchange between the Arctic and its adjacent seas

Hu, Aixue

378

HiRISE observations of new impact craters exposing Martian ground ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ice rather than ice-cemented regolith. Although some clean ice may be produced by the impact processHiRISE observations of new impact craters exposing Martian ground ice Colin M. Dundas1 , Shane craters or clusters have been observed to excavate bright material inferred to be ice at mid

Byrne, Shane

379

A model of the threedimensional evolution of Arctic melt ponds on firstyear and multiyear sea ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ice. In the summer the upper layers of sea ice and snow melts producing meltwater that accumulatesA model of the threedimensional evolution of Arctic melt ponds on firstyear and multiyear sea ice F in Arctic melt ponds on the surface of sea ice. An accurate estimate of the fraction of the sea ice surface

Feltham, Daniel

380

Automatic diagnosis and control of distributed solid state lighting systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a new design concept of automatically diagnosing and compensating LED degradations in distributed solid state lighting (SSL) systems. A failed LED may...

Dong, Jianfei; van Driel, Willem; Zhang, Guoqi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Fact #850: December 8, 2014 Automatic Transmissions have closed...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Note: Fuel economy average is the production-weighted harmonic mean. Fact 850 Dataset Supporting Information Comparison of Manual and Automatic Transmission Fuel Economy...

382

Low Level Descriptors for Automatic Violin Transcription Alex Loscos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low Level Descriptors for Automatic Violin Transcription Alex Loscos MTG at Universitat Pompeu additional processing. 3. Pitch Analysis Previous system [5] already confronted the problem of octave errors

Wang, Ye

383

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Dry Ice vs. Liquid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse! Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse! Previous Video (Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Liquid Nitrogen Cooled Dry Ice in Water!) Liquid Nitrogen Cooled Dry Ice in Water! Dry Ice vs. Liquid Nitrogen! Dry ice is cold. Liquid nitrogen is cold, too. What happens when the two are mixed together? [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: Have you ever wondered what happens when you mix dry ice and liquid nitrogen? Steve: Well, we just happen to have a chunk of dry ice left over from when we filmed 'How to Make a Cloud Chamber,' and here at Jefferson Lab, liquid nitrogen flows like water, so we're going to find out!

384

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Investigation of Ice  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Investigation of Ice Crystal Shapes Using Multi-resolution Techniques Investigation of Ice Crystal Shapes Using Multi-resolution Techniques McFarquhar, Greg University of Illinois Better knowledge of small-scale features from ice crystals are needed to determine their effects on radiation and hence to improve the treatment of clouds in climate models. With the Cloud Particle Imager (CPI) it is now possible to capture ice crystal images with 2.3 μm resolution and 256 gray scales of illumination, providing an unprecedented wealth of information to utilize in the ongoing quest to understand the small scale structure of ice crystals. In this study, we applied wavelet and fractal analysis to CPI images of ice crystals collected in cirrus by the University of North Dakota Citation during the Intensive Observation Period at the Southern

385

STATEMENT OF WORK (SOW) TEMPLATE FOR ICE SUPPORT CONTRACTOR  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ICE SUPPORT CONTRACTOR ICE SUPPORT CONTRACTOR The template presented below is a Statement of Work (SOW) for services of an ICE Support Contractor for assisting OECM in conducting an ICE. Project and review specific information should be incorporated. Explanatory text appears in italics, while information that should be selected appears in >. The format and contents of this SOW is not compulsory, and the use is at the discretion of the OECM Analysts, tailored as appropriate for the desired contractor support activities. If no contractor support is required, this appendix is not used. Statement of Work for Independent Cost Estimate (ICE) > <ICE (i.e., Alternative Selection and Cost Range (CD-1), Establish

386

Ising model for melt ponds on Arctic sea ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The albedo of melting Arctic sea ice, a key parameter in climate modeling, is determined by pools of water on the ice surface. Recent observations show an onset of pond complexity at a critical area of about 100 square meters, attended by a transition in pond fractal dimension. To explain this behavior and provide a statistical physics approach to sea ice modeling, we introduce a two dimensional Ising model for pond evolution which incorporates ice-albedo feedback and the underlying thermodynamics. The binary magnetic spin variables in the Ising model correspond to the presence of melt water or ice on the sea ice surface. The model exhibits a second-order phase transition from isolated to clustered melt ponds, with the evolution of pond complexity in the clustered phase consistent with the observations.

Ma, Y -P; Golden, K M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

IceCube Project Monthly Report August 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IceCube Project Monthly Report August 2005 Accomplishments All of the DOMs installed at the South additional emphasis on training and procedures. The training program for IceCube personnel scheduled to work-05 S-05 O-05 N-05 D-05 J-06 F-06 M-06 3&4 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 IceCube Project Baseline

Saffman, Mark

388

ICE CORES | History of Research, Greenland and Antarctica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ice samples collected from polar ice sheets have been used to study past climate changes going almost as far back as 1My. The first ice core projects in the 1960s identified major climate transitions. Subsequent projects have shown that abrupt climate changes have occurred many times in the past and that there is a close link between high levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide and warm climate conditions.

M. Aydin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

ICE CORES | History of Research, Greenland and Antarctica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ice samples collected from the polar ice sheets have been used to study past climate changes during the last million years. The first ice-core projects in the 1960s identified the major climate periods. Subsequent projects have shown that abrupt climate changes have occurred many times in the past and that there is a close link between high levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide and warm climate conditions.

K. Taylor

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Analytical determination of propeller performance degradation due to ice accretion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trajectory code. Unlike the Bragg code, the effects of compressibility, kinetic heating, and water runback are taken into account in this code, thus making it applicable to both rime and glaze ice conditions. Designed to be applied to helicopter config...- ' urations, the code employs a heat balance analysis to calculate the kinetic heating and runback effects. The authors have reported good agreement between predicted and experimentally obtained ice shapes, tem- perature distributions, and icing threshold...

Miller, Thomas Lloyd

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Hutchinson Utilities Commission - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hutchinson Utilities Commission - Commercial Energy Efficiency Hutchinson Utilities Commission - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program Hutchinson Utilities Commission - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate $2,000 Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: $300 per kW saved LED Exit Signs: $12 Occupancy Sensors: $20 - $40 Air Conditioning Systems: $20 - $40 per ton Air-Source Heat Pumps: $65 - $150 per ton Geothermal Heat Pumps: $150 per ton Chillers: $3,000 - $4,000, depending on size Chilled Water Resets: $350 - $900, depending on type and size

392

Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Expiration Date Installation must be made within one year of the preliminary approval date State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 20-29 kW saved: $75/kW new; $150/kW retrofit 30-39 kW saved: $100/kW new; $200/kW retrofit 40-49 kW saved: $125/kW new; $250/kW retrofit 50 or more kW saved: $150/kW new; $300/kW retrofit Provider Conservation Section For existing and new commercial construction, Pedernales Electric Cooperative provides incentives for kW saved through efficient lighting.

393

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to someone by E-mail to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score Energy Modeling Software Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership

394

Western Massachusetts Electric - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Western Massachusetts Electric - Commercial Energy Efficiency Western Massachusetts Electric - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates Western Massachusetts Electric - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Pre-approval required for rebates greater than $5,000 Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Small Business Program: up to 70% of cost, zero percent financing on remainder Custom: based on energy savings Retrofit Pay-for-Performance Incentive: $0.75/kWh or therm saved Lighting: Varies, see program web site Vending Machine Controls: $45 - $115 Variable Speed Drive (Retrofit): $2,550 - $10,500

395

NYSEG (Electric) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program NYSEG (Electric) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate No maximum per customer rebate; however, NYSEG/RG&E reserve the right to cap the rebate to any one customer. Program Info State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting, HVAC: Prescriptive incentives vary A/C or Heat Pump A/C or Heat Pump > 63 tons: $25/ton + $5/ton for each 0.1 EER above 9.7 Water Cooled Chillers: $6/ton or $15/ton + $2-$8/ton for each 0.01 kW/ton

396

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Major Characteristics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Major Characteristics of All Commercial Buildings in 2003 Major Characteristics of All Commercial Buildings in 2003 CBECS data are used to answer basic questions about the commercial buildings sector, such as: What types are there? How large are they? How old are they? and Where are they? Results from the 2003 CBECS show that: The commercial buildings sector is not dominated by a single building type. Office buildings, the most common type of commercial building, account for 17 percent of buildings, floorspace, and energy consumed. Commercial buildings range widely in size and smaller buildings are much more numerous than larger buildings. The smallest buildings (1,001 to 5,000 square feet) account for 53 percent of buildings, but consume only 11 percent of total energy. The largest buildings (those larger than 500,000 square feet)

397

Argonne Lab Director Peter Littlewood accepts Ice Bucket Challenge...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Argonne Lab Director Peter Littlewood accepts Ice Bucket Challenge Share Browse By - Any - Energy -Energy efficiency --Vehicles ---Alternative fuels ---Automotive engineering...

398

Optimal Control of Harvesting Ice Thermal Storage Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for optimal control of a harvesting ice storage system. A simplified procedure is used to develop 24 hour load data. Example installations will be shown....

Knebel, D. E.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Heterogeneous ice nucleation and water uptake by field-collected...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

properties through heterogeneous nucleation is not well understood. Heterogeneous ice nucleation and water uptake by ambient particles collected from urban environments in...

400

Ice structure monitoring with an optical fiber sensing system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ice has been used as an effective and economical material for constructions of roads and platforms in cold regions. However, the practical applications of this brittle material are limited by the fact that ice structures can suddenly crack due to low tensile strength, be crushed due to excessive compression, melt and become soften as temperature elevates. In this paper, an early warning system is proposed to monitor the strain state and damage characteristic of ice structures. Firstly, both fiber Bragg grating (FBG) and Brillouin optical time domain analysis/reflectometry (BOTDA/R) sensors were installed in an ice block and an ice beam to understand their axial and flexural behaviors under a concentrated load. Secondly, the solution for strain state and damage process of ice structures was derived analytically under test conditions. Finally, an outdoor ice road test bed was built and continuously monitored for 34h to validate the early warning system and understand the early stage behavior of ice structures. The experimental results agreed well with their corresponding theoretical predictions. The early warning system with optical sensors is effective and practical for long-term monitoring for ice structures.

Zhi Zhou; Minghua Huang; Jianping He; Genda Chen; Jinping Ou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

ARM-UAV TWP-ICE Activities and Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

instrument operational status, data availability and daily flight details for the ARM-UAV Proteus payload flown during the TWP-ICE experiment are presented. Data was also...

402

Covered Product Category: Air-Cooled Ice Machines  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for air-cooled ice machines, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

403

IceCube: A Cubic Kilometer Radiation Detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

IceCube is a 1 km{sup 3} neutrino detector now being built at the Amudsen-Scott South Pole Station. It consists of 4800 Digital Optical Modules (DOMs) which detect Cherenkov radiation from the charged particles produced in neutrino interactions. IceCube will observe astrophysical neutrinos with energies above about 100 GeV. IceCube will be able to separate {nu}{sub {mu}}, {nu}{sub t}, and {nu}{sub {tau}} interactions because of their different topologies. IceCube construction is currently 50% complete.

IceCube Collaboration; Klein, Spencer R; Klein, S.R.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Sandia National Laboratories: Ice-Sheet Simulation Code Matures...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Antarctic Ice Sheets, with particular attention to their contributions to global sea-level rise. Our recent highlight is the successful completion of a controlled mesh...

405

Team advances understanding of the Greenland Ice Sheet's meltwater...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for Greenland in the future, but its impact on ice sheet flux and associated sea level rise is uncertain: direct observations of the subglacial drainage system are lacking...

406

Reducing uncertainty in high-resolution sea ice models.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Arctic sea ice is an important component of the global climate system, reflecting a significant amount of solar radiation, insulating the ocean from the atmosphere and influencing ocean circulation by modifying the salinity of the upper ocean. The thickness and extent of Arctic sea ice have shown a significant decline in recent decades with implications for global climate as well as regional geopolitics. Increasing interest in exploration as well as climate feedback effects make predictive mathematical modeling of sea ice a task of tremendous practical import. Satellite data obtained over the last few decades have provided a wealth of information on sea ice motion and deformation. The data clearly show that ice deformation is focused along narrow linear features and this type of deformation is not well-represented in existing models. To improve sea ice dynamics we have incorporated an anisotropic rheology into the Los Alamos National Laboratory global sea ice model, CICE. Sensitivity analyses were performed using the Design Analysis Kit for Optimization and Terascale Applications (DAKOTA) to determine the impact of material parameters on sea ice response functions. Two material strength parameters that exhibited the most significant impact on responses were further analyzed to evaluate their influence on quantitative comparisons between model output and data. The sensitivity analysis along with ten year model runs indicate that while the anisotropic rheology provides some benefit in velocity predictions, additional improvements are required to make this material model a viable alternative for global sea ice simulations.

Peterson, Kara J.; Bochev, Pavel Blagoveston

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Functional Testing Protocols for Commercial Building Efficiency Baseline Modeling Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commercial Building Efficiency Baseline Modeling SoftwareCommercial Building Efficiency Baseline Modeling Software ETCommercial Building Energy Baseline Modeling

Jump, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Assessment of Energy Impact of Window Technologies for Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

average commercial buildings site energy usage of 91 kBtu/commercial buildings, even though the average Energy Usage

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Commercial Building Activities | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building Activities Building Activities Commercial Building Activities The Building Technologies Office commercial buildings effort researches and deploys advanced technologies and systems to reduce energy consumption in commercial buildings. Industry partners and national laboratories help identify market needs and solutions to accelerate the development of highly energy-efficient buildings. This page outlines some of BTO's key projects. 179d Tax Calculator The 179d Calculator can help determine whether improvements qualify for a Federal tax deduction, and allows owners and managers to estimate energy cost savings of efficiency improvements. Advanced Energy Design Guides These recommendations can help designers achieve between 30% and 50% energy savings in a new commercial building.

410

Sandia National Laboratories: commercializing algae biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

commercializing algae biofuels The National Algae Testbed Public-Private Partnership Kick-Off Meeting at Arizona State University On July 25, 2013, in Biofuels, Energy, News, News...

411

Kenergy- Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Kenergy offers commercial and industrial customers rebates for energy-efficient lighting and other energy efficient improvements. Customers can receive rebates of $350 per kilowatt of energy...

412

Technology Commercialization and Business Innovation | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

commercialization and business innovation funding programs: SunShot Incubator Program Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIRSTTR)....

413

Piedmont Natural Gas- Commercial Equipment Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Piedmont Natural Gas offers rebates to commercial customers for purchasing and installing high-efficiency natural gas tankless water heaters. Customers on the 202-Small General Service Standard...

414

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1995 - Index Page  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

>Commercial Buildings Home > 1995 Characteristics Data 1995 Data Executive Summary Table of Contents Overview to Detailed Tables Detailed Tables 1995 national and Census region...

415

Enforcement Policy Statement: Commercial HVAC Equipment  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

policy statements regarding Departmental testing of commercial air conditioners and heat pumps subject to test procedures and energy conservation standards found at 10 C.F.R....

416

Commercialization of Bulk Thermoelectric Materials for Power...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Publications Commercialization of Bulk Thermoelectric Materials for Power Generation Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation Distributed Bio-Oil...

417

Sharyland Utilities- Commercial Standard Offer Program (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Sharyland Utilities offers its Commercial Standard Offer Program to encourage business customers of all sizes to pursue energy efficiency measures in their facilities. Incentives are paid directly...

418

KIUC- Energy Wise Commercial Energy Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Kauai Island Utility Cooperative, a Touchstone Energy Cooperative, offers incentives to its commercial customers for installing energy efficient equipment. The eligible replacements are identified...

419

Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial refrigerators and freezers, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

420

Covered Product Category: Commercial Steam Cookers | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

energy cost with an average commercial electric steam cooker life of 12 years. Future electricity price trends and a 3% discount rate are based on Federal guidelines (NISTIR...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Covered Product Category: Commercial Steam Cookers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial steam cookers, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

422

Covered Product Category: Commercial Griddles | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

commercial kitchen equipment. In the Federal sector, these products are typically used in food service operations like cafeterias in GSA buildings, kitchens in penitentiaries, and...

423

Economic Analysis of Commercial Idling Reduction Technologies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technologies: Which idling reduction system is most economical for truck owners? Economic Analysis of Commercial Idling Reduction Technologies: Which idling reduction system...

424

Black Hills Power- Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Power provides rebates for its commercial customers who install energy efficient heat pumps, motors, variable frequency drives, lighting, and water heaters. Custom rebates for approved...

425

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

to totals. Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey....

426

Canadian Fuel Cell Commercialization Roadmap Update: Progress...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercialization Roadmap Update: Progress of Canada's Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Industry Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Canadian Fuel Cell...

427

Lab grants Decision Sciences Corporation exclusive commercial...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

exclusive commercial license for muon tomography Muon tomography uses naturally occurring cosmic-ray muons to detect and identify concealed nuclear threat materials based on...

428

Top Resources | Commercial Buildings Resource Database  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

commissioning can greatly improve the quality and energy efficiency of commercial refrigeration systems. This guide provides... How-To Guide Download Read more Download...

429

Commercial Building Demonstration and Deployment Overview - 2014...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Demonstration and Deployment Overview - 2014 BTO Peer Review Commercial Building Demonstration and Deployment Overview - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presentation: Kristen Taddonio, U.S....

430

Commercial Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Water Heaters Commercial Water Heaters Standardized DOE Testing Templates commercialwaterheater v1.0.xlsx More Documents & Publications Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers...

431

Commercial Buildings Partnerships | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

cover key market sectors: retail, food service, commercial real estate, hospitality, health care, higher education, and state and local building owners and managers. Learn...

432

Vermont Gas- Commercial Energy Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Vermont Gas (VGS) offers two energy efficiency programs for commercial customers: the WorkPlace New Construction Program and the WorkPlace Equipment Replacement and Retrofit Program.

433

A new ice thickness and bedrock data set for the Greenland ice sheet. R.L. Layberry, J.L. Bamber,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combined with data collected by the Technical University of Denmark in the 1970's to produce a new iceA new ice thickness and bedrock data set for the Greenland ice sheet. R.L. Layberry, J.L. Bamber of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, 785/864-2700, U.S. Abstract - Ice thickness data collected between 1993

Kansas, University of

434

Integrated tephrochronology of the West Antarctic region-Implications for a potential tephra record in the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide Ice Core  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(tephra) and aerosols , produced during major explosive eruptions. Tephra layers in ice cores can provide record in the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide Ice Core N.W. Dunbar,1 W.C. McIntosh,1 A.V. Kurbatov@albion.edu) Ice cores from polar regions, in addition to being a climate archives, also capture volcanic particles

Dunbar, Nelia W.

435

Modeling the High-Frequency Component of Arctic Sea Ice Drift and Deformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Buoy observations of sea ice drift show that sea ice motion and deformation contain substantial high-frequency variability at subdaily timescales. However, numerical simulations of the sea ice dynamics normally do not include processes on such ...

Petra Heil; William D. Hibler III

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft icing training Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: effects on aircraft performance. Although anti-icing devices such as de-icing boots and heating strips... help, ice accretions can still build up and affect the aircraft...

437

Fractionation of Dissolved Solutes and Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter During Experimental Sea Ice Formation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past decade there has been an overall decrease in Arctic Ocean sea ice cover. Changes to the ice cover have important consequences for organic carbon cycling, especially over the continental shelves. When sea ice is formed, dissolved organic...

Smith, Stephanie 1990-

2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

438

Dynamics of ice shelf rift propagation and iceberg calving inferred from geodetic and seismic observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ice at the base of the ice shelf could produce a thicknessthat may produce larger amounts of marine ice near one riftice shelf com- bined with large Antarctic storm systems can produce

Bassis, Jeremy N.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Markov Random Field Based Automatic Image Alignment for ElectronTomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cryo electron tomography (cryo-ET) is the primary method for obtaining 3D reconstructions of intact bacteria, viruses, and complex molecular machines ([7],[2]). It first flash freezes a specimen in a thin layer of ice, and then rotates the ice sheet in a transmission electron microscope (TEM) recording images of different projections through the sample. The resulting images are aligned and then back projected to form the desired 3-D model. The typical resolution of biological electron microscope is on the order of 1 nm per pixel which means that small imprecision in the microscope's stage or lenses can cause large alignment errors. To enable a high precision alignment, biologists add a small number of spherical gold beads to the sample before it is frozen. These beads generate high contrast dots in the image that can be tracked across projections. Each gold bead can be seen as a marker with a fixed location in 3D, which provides the reference points to bring all the images to a common frame as in the classical structure from motion problem. A high accuracy alignment is critical to obtain a high resolution tomogram (usually on the order of 5-15nm resolution). While some methods try to automate the task of tracking markers and aligning the images ([8],[4]), they require user intervention if the SNR of the image becomes too low. Unfortunately, cryogenic electron tomography (or cryo-ET) often has poor SNR, since the samples are relatively thick (for TEM) and the restricted electron dose usually results in projections with SNR under 0 dB. This paper shows that formulating this problem as a most-likely estimation task yields an approach that is able to automatically align with high precision cryo-ET datasets using inference in graphical models. This approach has been packaged into a publicly available software called RAPTOR-Robust Alignment and Projection estimation for Tomographic Reconstruction.

Moussavi, Farshid; Amat, Fernando; Comolli, Luis R.; Elidan, Gal; Downing, Kenneth H.; Horowitz, Mark

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

440

Towards Fully Automatic Placement of Security Sanitizers and Declassifiers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in this space has focused on finding missing sanitizers and was performed on relatively small ap- plicationsTowards Fully Automatic Placement of Security Sanitizers and Declassifiers Benjamin Livshits Fully Automatic Placement of Security Sanitizers and Declassifiers Benjamin Livshits Microsoft Research

Livshits, Ben

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

TR-IIS-07-002 Automatic Derivation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TR-IIS-07-002 Automatic Derivation of Compositional Rules in Automated Compositional Reasoning Bow-Yaw://www.iis.sinica.edu.tw/LIB/TechReport/tr2007/tr07.html #12;AUTOMATIC DERIVATION OF COMPOSITIONAL RULES IN AUTOMATED COMPOSITIONAL REASONING BOW-YAW algorithm. Consider, for example, the following assume-guarantee rule where M |= P denotes that the system M

Chen, Sheng-Wei

442

Automatic Design Exploration Framework for Multicores with Reconfigurable Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Design Exploration Framework for Multicores with Reconfigurable Accelerators Cecilia Gonz of multicores with application-specific reconfigurable accelerators. The design exploration is a multi-step flow that performs au- tomatic generation of fine-grained accelerators, automatic parallelization, and testing

Kasahara, Hironori

443

Semi-Automatic Image Annotation Using Event and Torso Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semi-Automatic Image Annotation Using Event and Torso Identification Bongwon Suh, Benjamin B. Bulk annotation, where multiple images are annotated at once, is a desired feature for image management for automatically creating meaningful image clusters for efficient bulk annotation. These techniques are not perfect

Golbeck, Jennifer

444

The automatic generation of mutation operators for genetic algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We automatically generate mutation operators for Genetic Algorithms (GA) and tune them to problem instances drawn from a given problem class. By so doing, we perform metalearning in which the base-level contains GAs (which learn about problem instances), ... Keywords: automatic design, genetic algorithms, genetic programming, hyper-heuristics

John R. Woodward; Jerry Swan

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Improving API Usage through Automatic Detection of Redundant Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving API Usage through Automatic Detection of Redundant Code David Kawrykow and Martin P Programming Interfaces (APIs). We have observed many cases where APIs are used in ways that are not the most effective. We developed a technique and tool support to automatically detect such patterns of API usage

Robillard, Martin

446

IPSJ SIG Technical Report Automatic parallelization with OSCAR API Analyzer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPSJ SIG Technical Report Automatic parallelization with OSCAR API Analyzer: a cross have devel- oped the OSCAR API Analyzer. It allows programs automatically parallelized by the OSCAR compiler with OSCAR API directives to target many different platforms using just sequential compilers. We

Kasahara, Hironori

447

Automatic Fracture Reduction Thomas Albrecht and Thomas Vetter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Fracture Reduction Thomas Albrecht and Thomas Vetter University of Basel Abstract. We segmented from CT scans. The result of this virtual fracture reduction is intended to be used an operation plan. We propose to achieve automatic fracture reduction by fitting the bone fragments

Vetter, Thomas

448

Character String Predicate Based Automatic Software Test Data Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Character String Predicate Based Automatic Software Test Data Generation Ruilian Zhao Computer is an important element in programming. A problem that needs further research is how to automatically generate generation of program paths including character string predicates, and the effectiveness of this approach

Lyu, Michael R.

449

A New Approach for Exploring Ice Sheets and Sub-Ice Geology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-velocity gradient in the surface layer. The boreholes are drilled by different techniques, requiring considerable in controlling ice dynam- ics and is largely determined by the pres- ence of water and/or sediments underneath Geological Drilling (ANDRILL)). Nev- ertheless, the available literature demon- strates that seismic studies

Kristoffersen, Yngve

450

The Little Ice Age as Recorded in the Stratigraphy of the Tropical Quelccaya Ice Cap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1500-YEAR RECORD OF TROPICAL PRECIPITATION IN ICE CORES FROM THE...values associated with winter snowfall (5). Sum-mer...During the eruptive phase, 19 February to 6 March...than 80% ofthe annual precipitation falls in the wet season...analysis, K. Doddroe for typing and R. Tope for the...

L. G. THOMPSON; E. MOSLEY-THOMPSON; W. DANSGAARD; P. M. GROOTES

1986-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

451

MCS researchers coedit proceedings on automatic differentiation | Argonne  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MCS researchers coedit proceedings on automatic differentiation MCS researchers coedit proceedings on automatic differentiation July 22, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint The fundamental goal behind differentiating numerical computations is to be able to generate - ideally automatically - efficient derivative code for models implemented as computer programs. Achieving this goal in practice has proved challenging, especially for numerical models on parallel architectures. To track the progress in addressing the challenges, and to present the state of the art in automatic differentiation (AD), every four years the scientific community holds a conference focusing on AD applications in science and engineering, its theory, and the development of compiler-based tools and web-based differentiation services. The Sixth International Conference on Automatic Differentiation (AD2012) held in Fort Collins,

452

CX-010764: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for New Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 07/09/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office

453

CX-100156 Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Final Rule for Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers RIN: 1904-AC39 CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 12/29/2014 Location(s): Nationwide Office(s): Golden Field Office

454

Probing leptoquark production at IceCube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We emphasize the inelasticity distribution of events detected at the IceCube neutrino telescope as an important tool for revealing new physics. This is possible because the unique energy resolution at this facility allows to separately assign the energy fractions for emergent muons and taus in neutrino interactions. As a particular example, we explore the possibility of probing second and third generation leptoquark parameter space (coupling and mass). We show that production of leptoquarks with masses ?250??GeV and diagonal generation couplings of O(1) can be directly tested if the cosmic neutrino flux is at the Waxman-Bahcall level.

Luis A. Anchordoqui; Carlos A. Garca Canal; Haim Goldberg; Daniel Gomez Dumm; Francis Halzen

2006-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

455

Automatic identification of abstract online groups  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Online abstract groups, in which members aren't explicitly connected, can be automatically identified by computer-implemented methods. The methods involve harvesting records from social media and extracting content-based and structure-based features from each record. Each record includes a social-media posting and is associated with one or more entities. Each feature is stored on a data storage device and includes a computer-readable representation of an attribute of one or more records. The methods further involve grouping records into record groups according to the features of each record. Further still the methods involve calculating an n-dimensional surface representing each record group and defining an outlier as a record having feature-based distances measured from every n-dimensional surface that exceed a threshold value. Each of the n-dimensional surfaces is described by a footprint that characterizes the respective record group as an online abstract group.

Engel, David W; Gregory, Michelle L; Bell, Eric B; Cowell, Andrew J; Piatt, Andrew W

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

COMMERCIAL SNF ACCIDENT RELEASE FRACTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this design analysis is to specify and document the total and respirable fractions for radioactive materials that are released from an accident event at the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) involving commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) in a dry environment. The total and respirable release fractions will be used to support the preclosure licensing basis for the MGR. The total release fraction is defined as the fraction of total CSNF assembly inventory, typically expressed as an activity inventory (e.g., curies), of a given radionuclide that is released to the environment from a waste form. The radionuclides are released from the inside of breached fuel rods (or pins) and from the detachment of radioactive material (crud) from the outside surfaces of fuel rods and other components of fuel assemblies. The total release fraction accounts for several mechanisms that tend to retain, retard, or diminish the amount of radionuclides that are available for transport to dose receptors or otherwise can be shown to reduce exposure of receptors to radiological releases. The total release fraction includes a fraction of airborne material that is respirable and could result in inhalation doses. This subset of the total release fraction is referred to as the respirable release fraction. Potential accidents may involve waste forms that are characterized as either bare (unconfined) fuel assemblies or confined fuel assemblies. The confined CSNF assemblies at the MGR are contained in shipping casks, canisters, or disposal containers (waste packages). In contrast to the bare fuel assemblies, the container that confines the fuel assemblies has the potential of providing an additional barrier for diminishing the total release fraction should the fuel rod cladding breach during an accident. However, this analysis will not take credit for this additional bamer and will establish only the total release fractions for bare unconfined CSNF assemblies, which may however be conservatively applied to confined CSNF assemblies.

S.O. Bader

1999-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

457

The first Greenland ice core record of methanesulfonate and sulfate over a full glacial cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sulf,te in the Dye 3 and Camp Century, Greenland ice cores,in both the Dye 3 and Camp Century deep ice cores [Herron

Hansson, Margareta E; Saltzman, Eric S

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Experimental Investigation of Energy Losses due to Icing of a Wind Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ice accretion and irregular shedding cause many potential problems during turbine operation. For example, icing causes large load imbalances; creates excessive turbine vibration; can change the natural frequen...

Xin Wang; Eric L. Bibeau

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Investigation of how Insulation affects the pipe system in the soil for ice rinks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In Sweden, ice rinks are one of the largest energy consumers in the public building sector, requiring, each ice rink, about 1050 MWh/year, from (more)

Marco Estruc, Ignacio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Commercial Reference Buildings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Commercial Reference Buildings Jump to: navigation, search DOE developed Commercial Reference Buildings which provide descriptions for whole building analysis using EnergyPlus. There are 16 building types and three categories that apply to all building types. The commercial reference buildings were developed across 16 reference locations. Contents 1 Building Types 2 Construction Categories 3 Climate Zones Used to Create Reference Buildings 4 References Building Types DOE developed 16 Commercial Reference Building Types[1] , which represent approximately 70% of the commercial buildings in the U.S. [2]. Whole

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Redding Electric - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Redding Electric - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Low-Income Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Windows: $250 - Residential; $750 (Commercial) Insulation: up to $500 - Residential; pre-approval required - Commercial Water Heater Blanket: $20 per unit Radiant/Thermal Barrier Material: $500 - Residential; pre-approval required - Commercial Duct Repair/Replacement: $500

462

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building Commercial Building Codes and Standards to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities Partner with DOE Commercial Buildings Resource Database Research & Development Codes & Standards Popular Commercial Links

463

Lincoln Electric System (Commercial and Industrial) - Sustainable Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial and Industrial) - Sustainable Commercial and Industrial) - Sustainable Energy Program Lincoln Electric System (Commercial and Industrial) - Sustainable Energy Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate '''General Incentive Limits''' Commercial Industrial Lighting Retrofit: $100,000 per program year Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency: $100,000 per program year Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Industrial Lighting Retrofit Lighting Retrofit: $500/kW of peak-demand reduction

464

Multispectral imaging contributions to global land ice measurements from space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany j National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado, 449 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA k development by GLIMS is geared toward mapping clean- ice and debris-covered glaciers; terrain classification are compatible with and expanded from those of the World Glacier Inventory (WGI). These technology efforts

Kääb, Andreas

465

IceCube Project Monthly Report September 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IceCube Project Monthly Report September 2005 Accomplishments All of the IceCube Digital Optical the long- term project goals of 90% first pass yield and 95% ultimate yield. The additional data handling at the Pole and one at McMurdo. The drilling procedures are nearing completion. A final review and sign

Saffman, Mark

466

Gravitational Separation of Gases and Isotopes in Polar Ice Caps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reported that 02 trapped in 2000-year-old ice from Camp Century, Green-land, has an 180/160 enrichment given by...values for 02 in 6,100-and 20,000-year-old Camp Century ice (1), and noting that mean seawater was enriched...

H. Craig; Y. Horibe; T. Sowers

1988-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

467

Increase of Atmospheric Methane Recorded in Antarctic Ice Core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...obtained by Rasmussen and Khalil with ice samples from Camp Century (77011'N, 61009'W), Crete (71 07'N, 37 19'W...however, this difference is 130 years for ice from Camp Century, 200 years for Crete, and 240 years for Byrd Station...

B. STAUFFER; G. FISCHER; A. NEFTEL; H. OESCHGER

1985-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

468

Floating Glacial Ice Caps in the Arctic Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...obtained from isotopic studies of the Camp Century ice core. The second is based...obtained from isotopic studies of the Camp Century ice core. The second is based...Arctic Ocean Arctic region benthonic Camp Century Cenozoic cores deep-sea evidence...

Wallace S. Broecker

1975-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

469

Proton ordering in tetragonal and monoclinic H2O ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H2O ice remains one of the most enigmatic materials as its phase diagram reveals up to sixteen solid phases. While the crystal structure of these phases has been determined, the phase boundaries and mechanisms of formation of the proton-ordered phases remain unclear. From high precision measurements of the complex dielectric constant, we probe directly the degree of ordering of the protons in H2O tetragonal ice III and monoclinic ice V down to 80 K. A broadened first-order phase transition is found to occur near 202 K we attribute to a quenched disorder of the protons which causes a continuous disordering of the protons during cooling and metastable behavior. At 126 K the protons in ice III become fully ordered, and for the case of ice V becoming fully ordered at 113 K forming ice XIII. Two triple points are proposed to exist: one at 0.35 GPa and 126 K where ices III, IX and V coexist; and another at 0.35 GPa and 113 K where ices V, IX and XIII coexist. Our findings unravel the underlying mechanism driving th...

Yen, Fei; Berlie, Adam; Liu, Xiaodi; Goncharov, Alexander F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Solvent Selection Use dry ice/isopropanol for cooling baths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solvent Selection Use dry ice/isopropanol for cooling baths Reaches essentially the same temperature as dry ice/acetone (-77°C vs. -78°C), but the lower volatility of isopropanol minimizes vapor a closed-loop cooling system for condensers Closed-loop cooling systems eliminate wastewater and accidental

Chan, Hue Sun

471

Trigonal ice crystals in Earths atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We are all familiar with the hexagonal shape of snow and ice crystals, and it is well established that their six-fold symmetry is derived from the arrangement of water molecules in a hexagonal crystal structure. However, atmospheric ice crystals with only ...

Benjamin J. Murray; Christoph G. Salzmann; Andrew J. Heymsfield; Steven Dobbie; Ryan R. Neely--III; Christopher J. Cox

472

IceCube Project Monthly Report -April 2010 Accomplishments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 IceCube Project Monthly Report - April 2010 Accomplishments · The IceCube Software Water Drill equipment (http://www.icecube.wisc.edu/disposition/index.php) and the site was circulated at Uppsala University are using Deep Core DOMs as flashers and receivers for low-intensity flasher runs

Saffman, Mark

473

ENERGY BASED ICE COLLISION FORCES Claude Daley1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY BASED ICE COLLISION FORCES Claude Daley1 1 Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada A1C 3X5 ABSTRACT Ice collision forces can be determined by energy considerations. A variety of interaction geometry cases are considered. The indentation energy functions for eight different

Daley, Claude

474

ENERGY BASED ICE COLLISION FORCES Claude Daley1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ENERGY BASED ICE COLLISION FORCES Claude Daley1 1 Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada A1C 3X5 ABSTRACT Ice collision forces can be determined by energy considerations. A variety of interaction geometry cases are considered. The indentation energy functions for eight different

Daley, Claude

475

POLAR SEA-ICE CLASSIFICATION USING ENHANCED RESOLUTION NSCAT DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLAR SEA-ICE CLASSIFICATION USING ENHANCED RESOLUTION NSCAT DATA Q. P. Remund and D. G. Long of the scatterometer image reconstruction with filter (SIRF) algorithm. SIRF produces images of A and B where A is U is shown to have high correlation with the NSIDC SSM/I derived multiyear ice maps. INTRODUCTION Polar sea

Long, David G.

476

Ultrafast photochemistry of methyl hydroperoxide on ice particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultrafast photochemistry of methyl hydroperoxide on ice particles M. A. Kambouresa , S. AOOH, on water clusters produces a surprisingly wide range of products on a subpicosecond time scale | photodissociation Photoinduced processes at surfaces of water or ice are of interest in atmospheric chemistry

Nizkorodov, Sergey

477

POLLEN DISPERSAL AND DEPOSITION ON THE QUELCCAYA ICE CAp, PERU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLLEN DISPERSAL AND DEPOSITION ON THE QUELCCAYA ICE CAp, PERU Carl A. Reese and Kam-biu Liu: The relatively young science of tropical ice-core palynology has proven effective in the study of paleoenvironments by its ability to produce long-term and high- resolution paleoclimatic data. However, no studies

Liu, Kam-biu

478

Effectsof ice-crystal structure on halo formation: cirrus cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effectsof ice-crystal structure on halo formation: cirrus cloud experimental and ray campaign, four 220halo-producing cirrus clouds were studied jointly from a ground- based polarization lidar of the aircraft, which collecteda total of 84slides byimpaction, preserving the ice crystals for later microscopic

Takano, Yoshihide

479

Has the ice man arrived? Tact on the Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Has the ice man arrived? Tact on the Internet Jonathan Grudin, UC Irvine and Microsoft Research. Eugene O'Neill's play The Ice Man Cometh outlines a series of calamities that occur when his characters the graded corrections via e- mail. The students produced a counter- proposal: After grading an exercise

Hearst, Marti

480

Sea Ice Enhancements to Polar WRF* Keith M. Hines1**  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

covering Europe and the Arctic Ocean demonstrate remote impacts of Arctic sea ice thickness on18 midSea Ice Enhancements to Polar WRF* Keith M. Hines1** , David H. Bromwich,1,2 , Lesheng Bai1 model (Polar WRF), a polar-optimized version of2 WRF, is developed by and available to the community

Howat, Ian M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "automatic commercial ice" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Optimization of Ice Thermal Storage Systems Design for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ice thermal storage is promising technology to reduce energy costs by shifting the cooling cost from on-peak to off-peak periods. The paper discusses the optimal design of ice thermal storage and its impact on energy consumption, demand, and total...

Nassif, N.; Hall, C.; Freelnad, D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Dynamical mechanism of antifreeze proteins to prevent ice growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fascinating ability of algae, insects and fishes to survive at temperatures below normal freezing is realized by antifreeze proteins (AFPs). These are surface-active molecules and interact with the diffusive water/ice interface thus preventing complete solidification. We propose a new dynamical mechanism on how these proteins inhibit the freezing of water. We apply a Ginzburg-Landau type approach to describe the phase separation in the two-component system (ice, AFP). The free energy density involves two fields: one for the ice phase with a low AFP concentration, and one for liquid water with a high AFP concentration. The time evolution of the ice reveals microstructures resulting from phase separation in the presence of AFPs. We observed a faster clustering of pre-ice structure connected to a locking of grain size by the action of AFP, which is an essentially dynamical process. The adsorption of additional water molecules is inhibited and the further growth of ice grains stopped. The interfacial energy between ice and water is lowered allowing the AFPs to form smaller critical ice nuclei. Similar to a hysteresis in magnetic materials we observe a thermodynamic hysteresis leading to a nonlinear density dependence of the freezing point depression in agreement with the experiments.

B. Kutschan; K. Morawetz; S. Thoms

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

483

IceCube Collaboration Contributions to ARENA 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contributions of the IceCube Collaboration to the 3rd International Workshop on Acoustic and Radio EeV Neutrino detection Activities (ARENA 2008). The conference was held at Roma University "Sapienza," June 25-27, 2008, in Rome, Italy. This is an html index of the IceCube Collaboration contributions, with clickable links to the individual papers.

IceCube Collaboration

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic image processing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

images are added... by the image retrieval systems. We designed an automatic experimental process to test our proposed strategy... Semi-Automatic ... Source: Dumais, Susan -...

485

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic spatially-adaptive balancing...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

balancing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Automatic Spatially-Adaptive Balancing of Energy Terms for Image Segmentation Summary: Automatic Spatially-Adaptive Balancing of Energy Terms...

486

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic identification system Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Automatic2 Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) in the 1960s. The use... -Finger Penetration Rate and ROC Variability for Automatic Fingerprint Identification Systems", in...

487

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic audio-conference service Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

51 A Design of Web Service for Digital Photogrammetry Workstation using Service Oriented Architecture Summary: . Either an automatic way or semi-automatic ways, the semantics...

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic survey meter Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

management services such as fine grained pricing schemes, automatic meter reading, demand response... to demand measurement and billing. Meters supporting automatic meter reading...

489

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic landing control Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chaumette and Jean-Michel Pflimlin Summary: . Subrahmanyam, "H infinity Design of FA-18A Automatic Carrier Landing System," Journal of Guidance, Control... for Automatic...

490

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic test equipment Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automatic test equipment Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Examination of Automatic Weighing Systems (AWS)...

491

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic positioning system Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

have been carried... is initially positioned by computing a minimal path that follows image information between two automatically... Automatic Inferior Vena Cava Segmentation...

492

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic meter reading Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fine grained pricing schemes, automatic meter reading, demand response... to demand measurement and billing. Meters supporting automatic meter reading (AMR) can report demand......

493

Fact #850: December 8, 2014 Automatic Transmissions have closed the Fuel Economy Gap with Manual Transmissions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Historically, manual transmissions have delivered better fuel economy than automatic transmissions. However, improvements in the efficiency of automatic transmissions have closed that gap in recent...

494

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic exploitation system Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Switzerland Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 8 Automatic Patch-Based Exploit Generation is Possible: Techniques and Implications Summary: Automatic...

495

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatically discovering hidden Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: automatically discovering hidden Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Siphoning Hidden-Web Data through Keyword-Based Interfaces Summary: automatically reconstruct a collection...

496

Fire in the Ice, Spring 2005  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Marine Multi-Component Marine Multi-Component Seismology ............................ 1 Discovery of Possible Gas Hydrate Features ................... 5 Monitoring Station Update ..... 8 Announcements .................. 10 * Research Cruise Completed * Advisory Committee Meeting * Hot Ice Project Reports * Norway ICGH Meeting * Simulator Publicly Released * TOUGH-Fx/HYDRATE V 2.4 * AAPG Committee to Meet Spotlight on Research ........ 12 Scott Dallimore CONTACT POINT Ray Boswell National Energy Technology Laboratory (304) 285-4541 (304) 285-4216 fax Ray.Boswell@netl.doe.gov The Fire in the Ice Newsletter is also available online at our website www.netl.doe.gov/scngo/ NaturalGas/hydrates/index.html T H E N A T I O N A L E N E R G Y T E C H N O L O G Y L A B O R A T O R Y M E T H A N E H Y D R A T E N E W S L E T T E R Vol. 5, Iss. 2 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

497

Magnetic charge crystals imaged in artificial spin ice  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnetic charge crystals imaged in artificial spin ice Magnetic charge crystals imaged in artificial spin ice Magnetic charge crystals imaged in artificial spin ice Potential data storage and computational advances could follow August 27, 2013 Potential data storage and computational advances could follow A 3-D depiction of the honeycomb artificial spin ice topography after the annealing and cooling protocols. The light and dark colors represent the north and south magnetic poles of the islands. Image by Ian Gilbert, U. of I. Department of Physics and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email Siv Schwink U. Illinois (217) 300-2201 Email "The emergence of magnetic monopoles in spin ice systems is a particular case of what physicists call fractionalization, or deconfinement of

498

Ground-State Structures of Ice at High-Pressures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

\\textit{Ab initio} random structure searching based on density functional theory is used to determine the ground-state structures of ice at high pressures. Including estimates of lattice zero-point energies, ice is found to adopt three novel crystal phases. The underlying sub-lattice of O atoms remains similar among them, and the transitions can be characterized by reorganizations of the hydrogen bonds. The symmetric hydrogen bonds of ice X and $Pbcm$ are initially lost as ice transforms to structures with symmetries $Pmc2_1$ (800 - 950 GPa) and $P2_1$ (1.17 TPa), but they are eventually regained at 5.62 TPa in a layered structure $C2/m$. The $P2_1 \\rightarrow C2/m$ transformation also marks the insulator-to-metal transition in ice, which occurs at a significantly higher pressure than recently predicted.

McMahon, Jeffrey M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Ice in Clouds ExperimentLayer Clouds. Part I: Ice Growth Rates Derived from Lenticular Wave Cloud Penetrations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lenticular wave clouds are used as a natural laboratory to estimate the linear and mass growth rates of ice particles at temperatures from ?20 to ?32C and to characterize the apparent rate of ice nucleation at water saturation at a nearly ...

Andrew J. Heymsfield; Paul R. Field; Matt Bailey; Dave Rogers; Jeffrey Stith; Cynthia Twohy; Zhien Wang; Samuel Haimov

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Estimating the Sea Ice Compressive Strength from Satellite-Derived Sea Ice Drift and NCEP Reanalysis Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Satellite-derived sea ice drift maps and sea level pressure from reanalysis data are used to infer upper and lower bounds on the large-scale compressive strength of Arctic sea ice. To this end, the two datasets are searched for special situations ...

L-B. Tremblay; M. Hakakian

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z