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  1. Reviewers required major changes, including rearranging the two articles, so the new title of the first paper is: HVAC and Refrigeration Experiments at Wal-Mart Experimental Supercenters in Texas and Colorado --- original title: ASHRAE Journal DRAFT article McKinney and Aurora Wal-Mart Stores, Part 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacDonald, J Michael; Deru, Michael

    2007-01-01

    In 2005, Wal-Mart opened experimental stores in McKinney, Texas (hot climate), and Aurora, Colo. (cold climate). With these projects Wal-Mart can: * Learn how to achieve sustainability improvements; * Gain experience with the design, design process, and operations for some specific advanced technologies; * Understand energy use patterns in their stores more clearly; * Lay groundwork for better understanding of how to achieve major carbon footprint reductions; and * Measure the potential benefits of specific technologies tested.

  2. McKinney Wal-Mart Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Wal-Mart Developer Bergey Windpower Energy Purchaser Wal-Mart Location McKinney TX Coordinates 33.220625, -96.630571...

  3. Aurora Wal Mart Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GW Number of Units 1 Commercial Online Date 2005 Wind Turbine Manufacturer Bergey Windpower References WENDI1 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","...

  4. Cam Wal Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cam Wal Electric Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cam Wal Electric Coop, Inc Place: South Dakota Phone Number: 605.649.7676 Website: www.cam-walnet.com Facebook:...

  5. Aurora final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert, Dross; Amedeo, Conti

    2013-12-06

    Final Technical report detailing the work done by Nuvera and its partners to fulfill the goals of the program "Transport Studies Enabling Efficiency Optimization of Cost-Competitive Fuel Cell Stacks" (a.k.a. AURORA)

  6. Aurora Cooperative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Aurora Cooperative Place: Nebraska Zip: 68818 Product: Agricultural cooperative focused on providing service and expertise in grain, agronomy, feed and...

  7. Aurora Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aurora Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Aurora Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and...

  8. Introducing Aurora | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser. Press Conference: DOE announces next-gen supercomputer Aurora to be built at Argonne Introducing Aurora Author: ALCF staff April...

  9. Aurora Supercomputer Press Conference | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact Us For more information, contact Brian Grabowski at media@anl.gov or (630) 252-1232. Aurora Supercomputer Press Conference Aurora Supercomputer Press Conference 1 of 19 Aurora Supercomputer Press Conference On April 9, 2015, the Department of Energy held a press conference along with Argonne, Intel & Cray to announce a $200 million investment to deliver a next-generation supercomputer, known as Aurora, to the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility. When commissioned in 2018, this

  10. Aurora Photovoltaics Manufacturing | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Photovoltaics Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aurora Photovoltaics Manufacturing Place: Lawrenceville, New Jersey Zip: 8648 Sector: Solar Product: A subsidiary of...

  11. Aurora

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that benefit humanity the most. From finding alternative energy sources to treating diseases to developing high-tech materials-the research done on leadership-class machines...

  12. Aurora, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Aurora is a city in Adams County and Arapahoe County and Douglas County, Colorado. It falls under Colorado's 7th...

  13. Carbon Sequestration Documentary Wins Coveted Aurora Award

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A film about carbon sequestration produced with support from the U.S. Department of Energy has received a 2009 Gold Aurora Award in the documentary category for nature/environment.

  14. Aurora Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Republic) Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Manufacturer of 1-225kW micro wind turbines and solar modules. References: Aurora Energy Co Ltd1 This article is a stub. You...

  15. Aurora, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Aurora is a city in Adams County and Arapahoe County and Douglas County, Colorado. It falls under Colorado's...

  16. Evaluation of the Aurora Application Shade Measurement Accuracy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-12-01

    Aurora is an integrated, Web-based application that helps solar installers perform sales, engineering design, and financial analysis. One of Aurora's key features is its high-resolution remote shading analysis.

  17. PROJECT PROFILE: Aurora Solar Inc. (Incubator 10) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Aurora Solar Inc. (Incubator 10) PROJECT PROFILE: Aurora Solar Inc. (Incubator 10) Project Title: Using Computer Vision for Automated Rooftop Modeling and Shading Analysis Funding Opportunity: SunShot Technology to Market (Incubator 10) SunShot Subprogram: Technology to Market Location: Palo Alto, CA Amount Awarded: $400,000 Awardee Cost Share: $100,000 Project Investigator: Chris Hopper As part of the Department of Energy's SunShot Incubator program, Aurora will be developing a web-based

  18. Aurora BioFuels Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BioFuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aurora BioFuels Inc. Place: Alameda, California Zip: 94502 Sector: Biofuels, Renewable Energy Product: California-based renewable...

  19. Analysis of Aurora's Performance Simulation Engine for Three Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freeman, Janine; Simon, Joseph

    2015-07-07

    Aurora Solar Inc. is building a cloud-based optimization platform to automate the design, engineering, and permit generation process of solar photovoltaic (PV) installations. They requested that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) validate the performance of the PV system performance simulation engine of Aurora Solar’s solar design platform, Aurora. In previous work, NREL performed a validation of multiple other PV modeling tools 1, so this study builds upon that work by examining all of the same fixed-tilt systems with available module datasheets that NREL selected and used in the aforementioned study. Aurora Solar set up these three operating PV systems in their modeling platform using NREL-provided system specifications and concurrent weather data. NREL then verified the setup of these systems, ran the simulations, and compared the Aurora-predicted performance data to measured performance data for those three systems, as well as to performance data predicted by other PV modeling tools.

  20. Press Conference: DOE announces next-gen supercomputer Aurora...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brian Grabowski at media@anl.gov or (630) 252-1232. Press Conference: DOE announces next-gen supercomputer Aurora to be built at Argonne Share Topic Programs Mathematics,...

  1. Students from Aurora Triumph in Competition of the Mind

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Competition of the Mind For more information contact: e:mail: Public Affairs Golden, Colo., February 8, 1997 -- Students from Aurora's Eagle Crest High School won top honors at the 1997 Colorado Science Bowl today at the Auraria Campus of Metropolitan State College in Denver. In the final round of fast-paced questions about physics, math, biology, astronomy, chemistry, computers and the earth sciences, Eagle Crest was victorious over students from Aurora's Smoky Hill High School. Some 40 student

  2. Regional Partnership Documentary Wins "Best of Show" Aurora Award

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A documentary co-produced by Prairie Public Broadcasting and the Plains CO2 Reduction (PCOR) Partnership with support from the U.S. Department of Energy has received a 2012 Platinum Best of Show Aurora Award—the highest honor awarded—in the nature/environment documentary category.

  3. Students from Aurora Triumph in Denver Regional Science Bowl

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Denver Regional Science Bowl For more information contact: e:mail: Public Affairs Golden, Colo., Feb. 27, 1999 — Students from Aurora's Smoky Hill High School won top honors at the 1999 Denver Regional Science Bowl today at the Colorado School of Mines in Golden. In the final round of rapid-fire questions about physics, math, biology, astronomy, chemistry, computers and the earth sciences, students from Smoky Hill High School were victorious over Highlands Ranch High School. Twenty-one student

  4. ITER Diagnostic First Wal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. Douglas Loesser, et. al.

    2012-09-21

    The ITER Diagnostic Division is responsible for designing and procuring the First Wall Blankets that are mounted on the vacuum vessel port plugs at both the upper and equatorial levels This paper will discuss the effects of the diagnostic aperture shape and configuration on the coolant circuit design. The DFW design is driven in large part by the need to conform the coolant arrangement to a wide variety of diagnostic apertures combined with the more severe heating conditions at the surface facing the plasma, the first wall. At the first wall, a radiant heat flux of 35W/cm2 combines with approximate peak volumetric heating rates of 8W/cm3 (equatorial ports) and 5W/cm3 (upper ports). Here at the FW, a fast thermal response is desirable and leads to a thin element between the heat flux and coolant. This requirement is opposed by the wish for a thicker FW element to accommodate surface erosion and other off-normal plasma events.

  5. June 11 & 12, 2012 Meeting of the Electricity Advisory Committee...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Jeff Marqusee, DODOSD Will Agate, Philadelphia Navy Yard Angie Beehler, WalMart Interoperability Presentation - Erich Gunther, GridWise Architecture Council EAC Smart Grid ...

  6. Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations June 2012...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Tuesday, June 12, 2012 Microgrids Panel Jeff Marqusee, DODOSD Will Agate, Philadelphia Navy Yard Angie Beehler, WalMart Interoperability Presentation - Erich Gunther, GridWise ...

  7. Kim Saylors-Laster | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Kim Saylors-Laster About Us Kim Saylors-Laster - Vice President of Energy, Wal-Mart Stores Most Recent Advancing Women in Clean Energy July 24...

  8. Energetic electron precipitation associated with pulsating aurora: EISCAT and Van Allen Probe observations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Miyoshi, Y.; Oyama, S.; Saito, S.; Kurita, S.; Fujiwara, H.; Kataoka, R.; Ebihara, Y.; Kletzing, C.; Reeves, G.; Santolik, O.; et al

    2015-04-21

    Pulsating auroras show quasi-periodic intensity modulations caused by the precipitation of energetic electrons of the order of tens of keV. It is expected theoretically that not only these electrons but also subrelativistic/relativistic electrons precipitate simultaneously into the ionosphere owing to whistler mode wave-particle interactions. The height-resolved electron density profile was observed with the European Incoherent Scatter (EISCAT) Tromsø VHF radar on 17 November 2012. Electron density enhancements were clearly identified at altitudes >68 km in association with the pulsating aurora, suggesting precipitation of electrons with a broadband energy range from ~10 keV up to at least 200 keV. The riometermore » and network of subionospheric radio wave observations also showed the energetic electron precipitations during this period. During this period, the footprint of the Van Allen Probe-A satellite was very close to Tromsø and the satellite observed rising tone emissions of the lower band chorus (LBC) waves near the equatorial plane. Considering the observed LBC waves and electrons, we conducted a computer simulation of the wave-particle interactions. This showed simultaneous precipitation of electrons at both tens of keV and a few hundred keV, which is consistent with the energy spectrum estimated by the inversion method using the EISCAT observations. This result revealed that electrons with a wide energy range simultaneously precipitate into the ionosphere in association with the pulsating aurora, providing the evidence that pulsating auroras are caused by whistler chorus waves. We suggest that scattering by propagating whistler simultaneously causes both the precipitations of subrelativistic electrons and the pulsating aurora.« less

  9. Energetic electron precipitation associated with pulsating aurora: EISCAT and Van Allen Probe observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyoshi, Y.; Oyama, S.; Saito, S.; Kurita, S.; Fujiwara, H.; Kataoka, R.; Ebihara, Y.; Kletzing, C.; Reeves, G.; Santolik, O.; Clilverd, M.; Rodger, C. J.; Turunen, E.; Tsuchiya, F.

    2015-04-21

    Pulsating auroras show quasi-periodic intensity modulations caused by the precipitation of energetic electrons of the order of tens of keV. It is expected theoretically that not only these electrons but also subrelativistic/relativistic electrons precipitate simultaneously into the ionosphere owing to whistler mode wave-particle interactions. The height-resolved electron density profile was observed with the European Incoherent Scatter (EISCAT) Tromsø VHF radar on 17 November 2012. Electron density enhancements were clearly identified at altitudes >68 km in association with the pulsating aurora, suggesting precipitation of electrons with a broadband energy range from ~10 keV up to at least 200 keV. The riometer and network of subionospheric radio wave observations also showed the energetic electron precipitations during this period. During this period, the footprint of the Van Allen Probe-A satellite was very close to Tromsø and the satellite observed rising tone emissions of the lower band chorus (LBC) waves near the equatorial plane. Considering the observed LBC waves and electrons, we conducted a computer simulation of the wave-particle interactions. This showed simultaneous precipitation of electrons at both tens of keV and a few hundred keV, which is consistent with the energy spectrum estimated by the inversion method using the EISCAT observations. This result revealed that electrons with a wide energy range simultaneously precipitate into the ionosphere in association with the pulsating aurora, providing the evidence that pulsating auroras are caused by whistler chorus waves. We suggest that scattering by propagating whistler simultaneously causes both the precipitations of subrelativistic electrons and the pulsating aurora.

  10. Energy Efficiency for the Nunamiut People of Anaktuvuk Pass,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Local Wal-Mart Hardware Store, Bank, Grocery Store, Restaurant, Hotel, Gas Station, radio station Electric Rate: .35kWh, 9.25gal oil Reduce ElectricalHeating Fuel ...

  11. AURORA: A FORTRAN program for modeling well stirred plasma and thermal reactors with gas and surface reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meeks, E.; Grcar, J.F.; Kee, R.J.; Moffat, H.K.

    1996-02-01

    The AURORA Software is a FORTRAN computer program that predicts the steady-state or time-averaged properties of a well mixed or perfectly stirred reactor for plasma or thermal chemistry systems. The software was based on the previously released software, SURFACE PSR which was written for application to thermal CVD reactor systems. AURORA allows modeling of non-thermal, plasma reactors with the determination of ion and electron concentrations and the electron temperature, in addition to the neutral radical species concentrations. Well stirred reactors are characterized by a reactor volume, residence time or mass flow rate, heat loss or gas temperature, surface area, surface temperature, the incoming temperature and mixture composition, as well as the power deposited into the plasma for non-thermal systems. The model described here accounts for finite-rate elementary chemical reactions both in the gas phase and on the surface. The governing equations are a system of nonlinear algebraic relations. The program solves these equations using a hybrid Newton/time-integration method embodied by the software package TWOPNT. The program runs in conjunction with the new CHEMKIN-III and SURFACE CHEMKIN-III packages, which handle the chemical reaction mechanisms for thermal and non-thermal systems. CHEMKIN-III allows for specification of electron-impact reactions, excitation losses, and elastic-collision losses for electrons.

  12. Correlated Pc4-5 ULF waves, whistler-mode chorus, and pulsating aurora observed by the Van Allen Probes and ground-based systems

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jaynes, A. N.; Lessard, M. R.; Takahashi, K.; Ali, A. F.; Malaspina, D. M.; Michell, R. G.; Spanswick, E. L.; Baker, D. N.; Blake, J. B.; Cully, C.; et al

    2015-10-28

    Theory and observations have linked equatorial VLF waves with pulsating aurora for decades, invoking the process of pitch angle scattering of tens of keV electrons in the equatorial magnetosphere. Recently published satellite studies have strengthened this argument, by showing strong correlation between pulsating auroral patches and both lower-band chorus and tens of keV electron modulation in the vicinity of geosynchronous orbit. Additionally, a previous link has been made between Pc4–5 compressional pulsations and modulation of whistler-mode chorus using Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms. In the current study, we present simultaneous in situ observations of structured chorusmore » waves and an apparent field line resonance (in the Pc4–5 range) as a result of a substorm injection, observed by Van Allen Probes, along with ground-based observations of pulsating aurora. We demonstrate the likely scenario being one of substorm-driven Pc4–5 ULF pulsations modulating chorus waves, and thus providing the driver for pulsating particle precipitation into the Earth's atmosphere. Interestingly, the modulated chorus wave and ULF wave periods are well correlated, with chorus occurring at half the periodicity of the ULF waves. We also show, for the first time, a particular few-Hz modulation of individual chorus elements that coincides with the same modulation in a nearby pulsating aurora patch. As a result, such modulation has been noticed as a high-frequency component in ground-based camera data of pulsating aurora for decades and may be a result of nonlinear chorus wave interactions in the equatorial region.« less

  13. LRD-22, a novel dual dithiocarbamatic acid ester, inhibits Aurora-A kinase and induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in HepG2 cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Huiling; Li, Ridong; Li, Li; Ge, Zemei; Zhou, Rouli; Li, Runtao

    2015-02-27

    In this study we investigated the antitumor activity of the novel dual dithiocarbamatic acid ester LRD-22 in vitro and in vivo. Several cancer cell lines were employed to determine the effect of LRD-22 on cell growth, and the MTT assay showed there was a significant decrease in viable tumor cell numbers in the presence of LRD-22, especially in the HepG2 cell line. Colony formation assay also showed LRD-22 strongly inhibits HepG2 cell growth. Evaluation of the mechanism involved showed that inhibitory effects of LRD-22 on cell growth are due to induction of apoptosis and G2/M arrest. LRD-22 inhibited Aurora-A phosphorylation at Thr{sub 288} and subsequently impaired p53 phosphorylation at Ser{sub 315} which was associated with the proteasome degradation pathway. Tumor suppressor protein p53 is stabilized by this mechanism and accumulates through inhibition of Aurora-A kinase activity via treatment with LRD-22. In vivo study of HepG2 xenograft in nude mice also shows LRD-22 suppresses tumor growth at a concentration of 5 mg/kg without animals suffering loss of body weight. In conclusion, our results demonstrate LRD-22 acts as an Aurora-A kinase inhibitor to induce apoptosis and inhibit proliferation in HepG2 cells, and should be considered as a promising targeting agent for HCC therapy. - Highlights: • LRD-22 significantly inhibits cancer cell growth, especially in the HepG2 cell line. • The inhibitory effect of LRD-22 is due to induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. • LRD-22 inhibits Aurora-A phosphorylation which results in subsequent impairment of the p53 pathway. • LRD-22 suppresses tumor growth in xenograft mice without body weight loss.

  14. Correlated Pc4-5 ULF waves, whistler-mode chorus, and pulsating aurora observed by the Van Allen Probes and ground-based systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaynes, A. N.; Lessard, M. R.; Takahashi, K.; Ali, A. F.; Malaspina, D. M.; Michell, R. G.; Spanswick, E. L.; Baker, D. N.; Blake, J. B.; Cully, C.; Donovan, E. F.; Kletzing, C. A.; Reeves, G. D.; Samara, M.; Spence, H. E.; Wygant, J. R.

    2015-10-28

    Theory and observations have linked equatorial VLF waves with pulsating aurora for decades, invoking the process of pitch angle scattering of tens of keV electrons in the equatorial magnetosphere. Recently published satellite studies have strengthened this argument, by showing strong correlation between pulsating auroral patches and both lower-band chorus and tens of keV electron modulation in the vicinity of geosynchronous orbit. Additionally, a previous link has been made between Pc4–5 compressional pulsations and modulation of whistler-mode chorus using Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms. In the current study, we present simultaneous in situ observations of structured chorus waves and an apparent field line resonance (in the Pc4–5 range) as a result of a substorm injection, observed by Van Allen Probes, along with ground-based observations of pulsating aurora. We demonstrate the likely scenario being one of substorm-driven Pc4–5 ULF pulsations modulating chorus waves, and thus providing the driver for pulsating particle precipitation into the Earth's atmosphere. Interestingly, the modulated chorus wave and ULF wave periods are well correlated, with chorus occurring at half the periodicity of the ULF waves. We also show, for the first time, a particular few-Hz modulation of individual chorus elements that coincides with the same modulation in a nearby pulsating aurora patch. As a result, such modulation has been noticed as a high-frequency component in ground-based camera data of pulsating aurora for decades and may be a result of nonlinear chorus wave interactions in the equatorial region.

  15. A direct link between chorus emissions and pulsating aurora on timescales from milliseconds to minutes: A case study at subauroral latitudes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ozaki, Mitsunori; Yagitani, Satoshi; Sawai, Kaoru; Shiokawa, Kazuo; Miyoshi, Yoshizumi; Kataoka, Ryuho; Ieda, Akimasa; Ebihara, Yusuke; Connors, Martin; Schofield, Ian; Katoh, Yuto; Otsuka, Yuichi; Sunagawa, Naoki; Jordanova, Vania K.

    2015-11-27

    A correlation was observed between chorus emissions and pulsating aurora (PA) from observations at Athabasca (L ? 4.3) in Canada at 9:009:20 UT on 7 February 2013, using an electron multiplying charge-coupled device camera and a VLF loop antenna with sampling rates of 110 Hz and 100 kHz, respectively. Pulsating aurora having a quasiperiodic variation in luminosity and a few hertz modulation was observed together with chorus emissions consisting of a group of successive rising-tone elements. The repetition period and modulation frequency of the PA are in good agreement with those of the modulated chorus. After 9:11 UT, the temporal features of the aurora became aperiodic PA of indistinct modulation. Simultaneously, the rising-tone chorus turned into chorus emissions consisting of numerous rising-tone elements. The equatorial geomagnetic field inhomogeneity calculated using the Tsyganenko 2002 model shows a decreasing trend during the period. This result is consistent with nonlinear wave growth theory having a small geomagnetic field inhomogeneity, which contributes to a decrease in the threshold amplitude to trigger discrete chorus elements. As a result, these observations show a close connection between chorus emissions and PA on timescales from milliseconds for generation of discrete chorus elements on the microphysics of wave-particle interaction to minutes for the variations of the geomagnetic field inhomogeneity related with the substorm activity.

  16. A direct link between chorus emissions and pulsating aurora on timescales from milliseconds to minutes: A case study at subauroral latitudes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ozaki, Mitsunori; Yagitani, Satoshi; Sawai, Kaoru; Shiokawa, Kazuo; Miyoshi, Yoshizumi; Kataoka, Ryuho; Ieda, Akimasa; Ebihara, Yusuke; Connors, Martin; Schofield, Ian; et al

    2015-11-27

    A correlation was observed between chorus emissions and pulsating aurora (PA) from observations at Athabasca (L ≈ 4.3) in Canada at 9:00–9:20 UT on 7 February 2013, using an electron multiplying charge-coupled device camera and a VLF loop antenna with sampling rates of 110 Hz and 100 kHz, respectively. Pulsating aurora having a quasiperiodic variation in luminosity and a few hertz modulation was observed together with chorus emissions consisting of a group of successive rising-tone elements. The repetition period and modulation frequency of the PA are in good agreement with those of the modulated chorus. After 9:11 UT, the temporalmore » features of the aurora became aperiodic PA of indistinct modulation. Simultaneously, the rising-tone chorus turned into chorus emissions consisting of numerous rising-tone elements. The equatorial geomagnetic field inhomogeneity calculated using the Tsyganenko 2002 model shows a decreasing trend during the period. This result is consistent with nonlinear wave growth theory having a small geomagnetic field inhomogeneity, which contributes to a decrease in the threshold amplitude to trigger discrete chorus elements. As a result, these observations show a close connection between chorus emissions and PA on timescales from milliseconds for generation of discrete chorus elements on the microphysics of wave-particle interaction to minutes for the variations of the geomagnetic field inhomogeneity related with the substorm activity.« less

  17. SciTech Connect: auroras

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States) Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves (United States) Navarro Navarro Nevada Environmental Services Nevada Field...

  18. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Tower Road Site in Aurora, Colorado. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Geet, O.; Mosey, G.

    2013-03-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Tower Road site in Aurora, Colorado, for a feasibility study of renewable energy production. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) provided technical assistance for this project. The purpose of this report is to assess the site for a possible photovoltaic (PV) system installation and estimate the cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options. In addition, the report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of a PV system at the site. This study did not assess environmental conditions at the site.

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    3 2010 Top Supermarkets, by Sales 2010 All Commodity Supermarket Wal-Mart Stores 3,001 Kroger Co. 2,460 Safeway, Inc. 1,461 Supervalu, Inc. 1,504 Ahold USA, Inc. (Stop and Shop, Giant) 746 Publix Super Markets, Inc. 1,035 Delhaize America, Inc. (Food Lion) 1,641 H.E. Butt Grocery Co. (HEB) 291 Meijer Inc. 195 Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. (Pathmark) 373 Note(s): Source(s): All commodity volume in this example represents the "annualized range of the estimated retail sales volume of

  20. Aurora Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":,"gkml":,"fusiontables":,"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers...

  1. Aurora, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lse,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.3175549,"lon":-81.3453858,"alt":0,"address":"","i...

  2. Rocky Flats Overview Aurora History Museum October 16, 2013

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    5 Nuclear Weapons Complex Nuclear Weapons Production Processes Step Process Major Sites 1 Uranium Mining, Milling, and Refining Uranium Mill Tailing Remedial Action Project sites,...

  3. Molecular mechanism of Aurora A kinase autophosphorylation and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Publication Date: 2014-05-27 OSTI Identifier: 1197669 GrantContract Number: The Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Catalyst Science Program, DE-FG02-05ER15699 Type: Published ...

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    1 2010 Top Retail Companies, by Sales # Stores % Change over Chain ($billion) 2009 Revenues 2010 2009 Stores Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. 419.0 3.4% 8,970 6.0% The Kroger Co. 82.2 7.1% 3,605 -0.4% Costco 76.3 9.1% 572 1.1% The Home Depot 68.0 2.8% 2,248 0.2% Walgreen Co. 67.4 6.4% 8,046 7.3% Target Corp. 67.4 3.1% 1,750 0.6% CVS Caremark 57.3 3.6% 7,182 2.2% Best Buy 50.3 1.2% 4,172 3.7% Lowes Cos. 48.8 3.4% 1,749 2.3% Sears Holdings 43.3 -1.6% 4,038 2.2% Source(s): 2010 Revenues % Change over Chain

  5. Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC): Solar Resource & Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP); Aurora, Colorado (Data)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Wilcox, S.; Andreas, A.

    Located in Colorado, near Denver International Airport, SolarTAC is a private, member-based, 74-acre outdoor facility where the solar industry tests, validates, and demonstrates advanced solar technologies. SolarTAC was launched in 2008 by a public-private consortium, including Midwest Research Institute (MRI). As a supporting member of SolarTAC, the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has established a high quality solar and meteorological measurement station at this location. This Solar Resource and Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP) provides high quality measurements to support deployment of power projects in the United States. The no-funds-exchanged collaboration brings NREL solar resource assessment expertise together with industry needs for measurements. The end result is high quality data sets to support the financing, design, and monitoring of large scale solar power projects for industry in addition to research-quality data for NREL model development. NREL provides consultation for instrumentation and station deployment, along with instrument calibrations, data acquisition, quality assessment, data distribution, and summary reports. Industry participants provide equipment, infrastructure, and station maintenance.

  6. OLED Lighting in the Offices of Aurora Lighting Design, Inc. | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) | Department of Energy study was composed of several smaller studies done in cooperation with other local entities and experts, all of which are summarized in this report. PDF icon 48632.pdf More Documents & Publications Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project

  7. Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC): Solar Resource & Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP); Aurora, Colorado (Data)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Wilcox, S.; Andreas, A.

    2011-02-11

    Located in Colorado, near Denver International Airport, SolarTAC is a private, member-based, 74-acre outdoor facility where the solar industry tests, validates, and demonstrates advanced solar technologies. SolarTAC was launched in 2008 by a public-private consortium, including Midwest Research Institute (MRI). As a supporting member of SolarTAC, the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has established a high quality solar and meteorological measurement station at this location. This Solar Resource and Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP) provides high quality measurements to support deployment of power projects in the United States. The no-funds-exchanged collaboration brings NREL solar resource assessment expertise together with industry needs for measurements. The end result is high quality data sets to support the financing, design, and monitoring of large scale solar power projects for industry in addition to research-quality data for NREL model development. NREL provides consultation for instrumentation and station deployment, along with instrument calibrations, data acquisition, quality assessment, data distribution, and summary reports. Industry participants provide equipment, infrastructure, and station maintenance.

  8. Midwest Energy (Gas and Electric)- How$mart Energy Efficiency Finance Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Midwest Energy offers its residential and small commercial electricity and natural gas customers in good standing a way to finance energy efficiency improvements on eligible properties. Under the...

  9. Sandia National Laboratories: Research: High Consequence, Automation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Weight and Leak Check System (WALS) The Nuclear Weapons Complex stores radioactive nuclear ... A redundant computer to independently monitor forces on the pit during robot motion. ...

  10. Relative brightness of the O{sup +}({sup 2} D-{sup 2} P) doublets in low-energy aurorae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whiter, D. K.; Lanchester, B. S.; Gustavsson, B.; Jallo, N. I. B.; Jokiaho, O.; Dahlgren, H.; Ivchenko, N.

    2014-12-10

    The ratio of the emission line doublets from O{sup +} at 732.0 nm (I {sub 732}) and 733.0 nm (I {sub 733}) has been measured in auroral conditions of low-energy electron precipitation from Svalbard (78.°20 north, 15.°83 east). Accurate determination of R = I {sub 732}/I {sub 733} provides a powerful method for separating the density of the O{sup +} {sup 2} P{sub 1} {sub /2,3} {sub /2}{sup o} levels in modeling of the emissions from the doublets. A total of 383 spectra were included from the winter of 2003-2004. The value obtained is R = I {sub 732}/I {sub 733} = 1.38 ± 0.02, which is higher than theoretical values for thermal equilibrium in fully ionized plasma, but is lower than reported measurements by other authors in similar auroral conditions. The continuity equations for the densities of the two levels are solved for different conditions, in order to estimate the possible variations of R. The results suggest that the production of ions in the two levels from O ({sup 3} P {sub 1}) and O ({sup 3} P {sub 2}) does not follow the statistical weights, unlike astrophysical calculations for plasmas in nebulae. The physics of auroral impact ionization may account for this difference, and therefore for the raised value of R. In addition, the auroral solution of the densities of the ions, and thus of the value of R, is sensitive to the temperature of the neutral atmosphere. Although the present work is a statistical study, it shows that it is necessary to determine whether there are significant variations in the ratio resulting from non-equilibrium conditions, from auroral energy deposition, large electric fields, and changes in temperature and composition.

  11. Mountain Association for Community Economic Development- How$martKY On-Bill Financing Energy Efficiency Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four rural utility cooperatives in Eastern Kentucky (Big Sandy RECC, Fleming-Mason RECC, Grayson RECC, and Jackson Energy) work with MACED to provide energy retrofits as part of utility service...

  12. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Environmenta...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Mahat, Pukar (Pukar Mahat) - Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University Mart, Jos R. (Jos R. Mart) - Department of Electrical and ...

  13. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... for Enhanced Geothermal System Gutierrez, Marte The ... conformational change in a small number of ... of a dipole promises a new class of materials with intrinsic ...

  14. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Global Companies Global Petroleum Go-Mart Goodway Refining GP&W Great Island Energy Green Valley Oil Griffith Energy Services Growmark Gulf Oil Gulf Oil Limited Partnership ...

  15. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Training and Research on Probabilistic Hydro Thermo Mechanical Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Geological Sequestration in Fractured Porous Rocks Gutierrez Marte ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES...

  16. Carbon Dioxide Geological Sequestration in Fractured Porous Rocks

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Training and Research on Probabilistic Hydro-Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Geological Sequestration in Fractured Porous Rocks Gutierrez, Marte 54 ENVIRONMENTAL...

  17. McLennan County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lorena, Texas Mart, Texas McGregor, Texas Moody, Texas Riesel, Texas Robinson, Texas Ross, Texas Valley Mills, Texas Waco, Texas West, Texas Woodway, Texas Retrieved from...

  18. Alameda, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Alameda, California Aurora BioFuels Inc Makani Power Makani Power Inc Primus Power Solo Energy References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor civil division...

  19. Press Materials for Argonne CORAL announcement | Argonne National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Livermore (CORAL) initiative, the U.S. Department of Energy announced a 200 million investment to deliver a next-generation supercomputer, known as Aurora, to the Argonne...

  20. U.S. Department of Energy awards $200 million for next-generation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (CORAL) initiative, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced a 200 million investment to deliver a next-generation supercomputer, known as Aurora, to the Argonne...

  1. ECOsponsible | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: ECOsponsible Address: 120 Mitchell Road Suite 100 Place: East Aurora Zip: 14052-9710 Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic This company is...

  2. Solar Technology Acceleration Center is Powering Up - News Releases...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Solar Technology Acceleration Center is Powering Up October 21, 2009 Members of the Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC) and supporters convened in Aurora, Colo., today, ...

  3. Western Turbine | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name: Western Turbine Place: Aurora, Colorado Zip: 80011 Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind Turbine Installation and Maintainance. Coordinates:...

  4. Property:Purchasers | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pass Geothermal Area Augusta Mountains Geothermal Area Aurora Geothermal Area B Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area Bailey Bay Hot Springs Geothermal Area Baker Hot Spring...

  5. Property:OtherUses | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pass Geothermal Area Augusta Mountains Geothermal Area Aurora Geothermal Area B Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area Bad Blumau Geothermal Area Bailey Bay Hot Springs Geothermal...

  6. Property:CaseStudyPriority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Area + 4 - Not Assigned + Aurora Geothermal Area + 4 - Not Assigned + B Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area + 4 - Not Assigned + Bad Blumau Geothermal Area + 4 - Not...

  7. Property:BoundingCoordinatesSW | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    -98.55 + Aurora Geothermal Area + 38.301488855308, -119.02164916992 + B Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area + 13.016892384898, 123.91971130371 + Bad Blumau Geothermal...

  8. Category:Available for Case Study | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pass Geothermal Area Augusta Mountains Geothermal Area Aurora Geothermal Area B Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area Bad Blumau Geothermal Area Bailey Bay Hot Springs Geothermal...

  9. Property:FirstWellFlowRate | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pass Geothermal Area Augusta Mountains Geothermal Area Aurora Geothermal Area B Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area Bad Blumau Geothermal Area Bailey Bay Hot Springs Geothermal...

  10. Property:TectonicSetting | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Area + Extensional Tectonics + Aurora Geothermal Area + Extensional Tectonics + B Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area + Subduction Zone + Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area +...

  11. SREL Reprint #3332

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Smithfield, Queensland 4878, Australia 5Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045 USA Premise of...

  12. SREL Reprint #3262

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Georgia, Aiken, South Carolina, USA 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA Abstract:...

  13. SREL Reprint #3318

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Regents University, Augusta, GA 30904, USA 3Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA Abstract: We...

  14. SREL Reprint #3254

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University of Georgia, Aiken, SC 29802, USA 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO 80045, USA 3Department of...

  15. SREL Reprint #3271

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University of Georgia, Aiken, SC 29802, USA 3Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA 4Laboratorio de...

  16. EECBG Success Story: Illinois Town Launches Toilet Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The city of Aurora, Illinois, has launched a rebate program that aims to help residents avoid flushing money and energy down the toilet. Learn more.

  17. Thomas Jefferson High School for Science & Technology National...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Oak Ridge High School, Oak Ridge, Tenn. Pembroke Hill School, Kansas City, Mo. Santa Monica High School, Santa Monica, Calif. Smoky Hill High School, Aurora, Colo. State College ...

  18. Solar Roofing Systems Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Place: Aurora, Ontario, Canada Zip: L4G 3S8 Product: Manufactures and develops photovoltaic roofing and portable products. References: Solar Roofing Systems Inc1 This...

  19. Portage County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rotek Incorporated Sadoun Solar Sales Places in Portage County, Ohio Aurora, Ohio Brady Lake, Ohio Brimfield, Ohio Garrettsville, Ohio Hiram, Ohio Kent, Ohio Mantua, Ohio...

  20. B O N N E V I L L E ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    incremental transmission, and ancillary services costs were computed under 3,200 AURORA games which tested different load and resource conditions for each month. Incremental...

  1. Other Participants 2004 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    ... School , Washington , DC Skyline High School , Idaho Falls, ID Skyview High School , Billings , MT Smoky Hill High School, Aurora, CO Southside High School , Fort Smith , AR St. ...

  2. Other Participants 2006 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Academy , Pelahatchie , MS Edwin O. Smith High School , Mansfield , CT Fergus High ... Aurora, CO Southside High School , Fort Smith , AR Star Lane Center , Casper , WY State ...

  3. Other Participants 2002 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    ... Skyline High School , Idaho Falls, ID Skyview High School , Billings , MT Smoky Hill High School, Aurora, CO South Aiken High School , Aiken , SC Southside High School , Fort Smith ...

  4. Ennovate Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aurora, Colorado Zip: 80014 Region: Rockies Area Sector: Efficiency Product: Energy Service Company specializing in providing energy savings projects for institutional...

  5. Lawrenceville, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Companies in Lawrenceville, New Jersey Aurora Photovoltaics Manufacturing Hydrocarbon Technologies References US Census Bureau 2005 Place to 2006 CBSA Retrieved from...

  6. ProLogis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: ProLogis Place: Aurora, Colorado Zip: 80011 Sector: Services Product: Provider of distribution facilities and services. Coordinates: 39.325162, -79.54975 Show Map...

  7. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    poles, lighting up the atmosphere and causing the air to glow. Related Topics: ambient-gas, auroras, geomagnetic storms, microwave thrusters, nanomaterials, OSTI ...

  8. CX-003477: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) - National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Concentrator Photovoltaic (CPV) Demonstration (Solar Technology Acceleration Center, Aurora, Colorado); NREL Tracking Number 10-035CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.3Date: 08/20/2010Location(s): Aurora, ColoradoOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  9. Hot electron dynamics in graphene (Thesis/Dissertation) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Search Results Thesis/Dissertation: Hot electron dynamics in graphene Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Hot electron dynamics in graphene Graphene, a two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb structure allotrope of carbon atoms, has a long history since the invention of the pencil [Petroski (1989)] and the linear dispersion band structure proposed by Wallace [Wal]; however, only after Novoselov et al. successively isolated graphene from graphite [Novoselov et al. (2004)], it has

  10. Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition (HWCVD) technologies - Energy Innovation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Thesis/Dissertation: Hot electron dynamics in graphene Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Hot electron dynamics in graphene Graphene, a two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb structure allotrope of carbon atoms, has a long history since the invention of the pencil [Petroski (1989)] and the linear dispersion band structure proposed by Wallace [Wal]; however, only after Novoselov et al. successively isolated graphene from graphite [Novoselov et al. (2004)], it has been studied intensively during

  11. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Training and Research on Probabilistic Hydro-Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Geological Sequestration in Fractured Porous Rocks","Gutierrez, Marte","2013-05-31T04:00:0...

  12. Nebraska Appliance Rebate Program opens

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nearly 500 people lined up outside of Omaha's Nebraska Furniture Mart on July 6, waiting to get ENERGY STAR washing machines, dishwashers and refrigerators on the first day of Nebraska's Appliance Rebate Program.

  13. cf * * * " " f * * " f

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    * " f f * * MicroARSCL " f f* " f " * f d f * m arscl f * " ** " f " f * * " * f " f * Python ARM Radar Toolkit (Py-ART) M * f " * ** p Mart " " " f " * " p " tm f * " " f " * f "...

  14. CX-002241: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maximizing Alternative Fuel Use and Distribution in ColoradoCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 05/13/2010Location(s): Aurora, ColoradoOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  15. DOI-BLM-NV-W010-2009-0018-CX | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    18-CX Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NV-W010-2009-0018-CX CX at Aurora Geothermal Area for GeothermalExploration CX for Geophysical Survey at...

  16. DOI-BLM-NV-030-06-025-EA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    30-06-025-EA Jump to: navigation, search NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NV-030-06-025-EA EA at Aurora Geothermal Area for GeothermalLeasing, GeothermalExploration,...

  17. Fusion Basics | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fusion Basics What is Plasma? Plasma is a state of matter along with solids, liquids and ... and Aurora Australis Fusion reactors, like NSTX, use plasma to fuse atoms to make energy. ...

  18. Chena Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the winter, and is maintained using a 15 ton (53 kW) absorption chiller designed by Energy Concepts Co., which utilizes geothermal fluids.6 Forbes magazine voted the Aurora...

  19. http://www.fs.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsinternet/!ut/p/c5/04_SB8K8x

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    "Don't Trash Nevada" Pledge? Recent News Subscribe to this feed Correction to Aurora Geothermal Release Dated May 4, 20M VEB6FWOPOOW6 2011 Bridgeport and Carson Ranger Districts...

  20. Property:BoundingCoordinatesNE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    + 39.7, -98.15 + Aurora Geothermal Area + 38.468856230108, -118.71640625 + B Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area + 13.112513717997, 124.00935153418 + Bad Blumau Geothermal...

  1. CX-004249: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Low Cost High Concentration Photovoltaic Power Systems for Utility Power GenerationCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 10/14/2010Location(s): Aurora, CaliforniaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  2. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Extension EBT ROD Attachments - 2010-10...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    load forecast used in AURORA xmp , the WECC 10-Year Coordinated Plan Summary (2006-2015) was used in WP-10. That load forecast has since been discontinued. In its place, the...

  3. Exact and approximate Kohn-Sham potentials in ensemble density...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Exact and approximate Kohn-Sham potentials in ensemble density-functional theory Authors: Yang, Zeng-hui ; Trail, John R. ; Pribram-Jones, Aurora ; Burke, Kieron ; Needs, ...

  4. VeraSun Energy Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    VeraSun Energy Corp Place: Aurora, South Dakota Zip: 57002 Product: VeraSun uses biotechnology to convert corn to fuel-grade ethanol, which is blended with gasoline and results...

  5. Merrick and Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Year 1999 Link to project description http:www.nrel.govnewspress1999899corn.html Merrick and Co is a company located in Aurora, CO. References Retrieved from "http:...

  6. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Plasmas - The Greatest Show on Earth by Kathy Chambers 24 Jun, 2013 in Products and ... Observers often call it the greatest show on Earth. Auroras are triggered by geomagnetic ...

  7. Sick of Soot: The Public Health and Economic Impacts of Diesel Pollution in

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Who Are Making a Difference | Department of Energy Photovoltaic arrays at the SunEdison facility at SolarTAC in Aurora, Colorado. Photovoltaics are just one of many clean energy technologies participants of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Postdoctoral Research Award Program work on. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Photovoltaic arrays at the SunEdison facility at SolarTAC in Aurora, Colorado. Photovoltaics are just one of many clean

  8. Visiting Fermilab - Local Accommodations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Visiting Fermilab Local Accommodations Aurora Fox Valley Inn 2450 North Farnsworth Avenue Aurora, Illinois (Approx. 4 miles from Fermilab Wilson Hall) Telephone: 630-851-2000 Baymont Inn & Suites 1585 Naperville-Wheaton Road Naperville, Illinois (Approx. 8 miles from Fermilab Wilson Hall) Telephone: 630-357-0022 Comfort Inn & Suites 1555 E. Fabyan Parkway Geneva, IL (Approx. 4 miles from Fermilab Wilson Hall) 630-208-8811 Courtyard by Marriott 1155 E. Diehl Road Naperville, Illinois

  9. To: H: Bauer M: Kahal

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    I-T: c;:y::: DhTo: 19 Ma!ch 1985 7117-01.85.aw.17 To: H: Bauer M: Kahal C. Young - B. Fritz &?, \' ,',l --- s"mJ~cI: Elimination of ARF, Chica~go, IL ROY: A. Wal.lo BLDq woe ROOM: m-r: 6320 The enclosed summary wa's prepared on the basis of a review of NRC files. This site was fully licensed. Based on DRAP policy, no additional FUSRAP investigations are warranted. AWfsb Enclosure .: . . > . . . . . ELIMINATION SUMMARY FOR THE ARMOUR RESEARCH FOUNDATION SUMMARY: ji,i7 Records searches

  10. Engineers Constructors

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Engineers - Constructors ~ /:~ ( ' r,.... I!~\ l.,_",z;(J;' Bechtel National, Inc. Oak Ridge Office Jackson Plaza Tower 800 Oak Ridge Turnpike Oak Ridge. Tennessee Mail Address: P. O. B01l 350. Oak Ridge. TN 37830 bce-. R. Barber C. t1iller E. Wal ker C. Knoke G. Phillips G. Scott L. Blevins K. Harer DOE File No. 030-04G Professional Land Surveying 1404 Second Street Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501 Attn: Mr. Robert Benavides Reference: Purchase Contract l4501-01j04-PC-19 Bayo Canyon Survey Dear

  11. Market Evolution: Wholesale Electricity Market Design for 21st Century Power Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1stCenturyPower.org Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-57477 October 2013 Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Market Evolution: Wholesale Electricity Market Design for 21 st Century Power Systems Jaquelin Cochran, Mackay Miller, Michael Milligan, Erik Ela, Douglas Arent, and Aaron Bloom National Renewable Energy Laboratory Matthew Futch IBM Juha Kiviluoma and Hannele Holtinnen VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Antje Orths Energinet.dk Emilio Gómez-Lázaro and Sergio Martín-Martínez Universidad

  12. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Final Proposal : Market Price Forecast Study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2006-07-01

    This study presents BPA's market price forecasts for the Final Proposal, which are based on AURORA modeling. AURORA calculates the variable cost of the marginal resource in a competitively priced energy market. In competitive market pricing, the marginal cost of production is equivalent to the market-clearing price. Market-clearing prices are important factors for informing BPA's power rates. AURORA was used as the primary tool for (a) estimating the forward price for the IOU REP Settlement benefits calculation for fiscal years (FY) 2008 and 2009, (b) estimating the uncertainty surrounding DSI payments and IOU REP Settlements benefits, (c) informing the secondary revenue forecast and (d) providing a price input used for the risk analysis. For information about the calculation of the secondary revenues, uncertainty regarding the IOU REP Settlement benefits and DSI payment uncertainty, and the risk run, see Risk Analysis Study WP-07-FS-BPA-04.

  13. Plasma 101 | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma 101 10 Facts You Should Know About Plasma By Larry Bernard February 22, 2016 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) (Photo by Philippe Moussette for Nasa.gov) The Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) Gallery: NSTX interior NSTX interior W7-X plasma W7-X plasma The sun (Photo by nasa.gov) The sun It's the fourth state of matter: Solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Plasma is a super-heated gas, so hot that its electrons get out of the atom's orbit and

  14. Solar Energy Research and Education Foundation. Final reports by task

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    von Reis, K.; Waegel, A.S.; Totten, M.

    1997-12-10

    This document contains final reports for the following tasks: kiosk for the children`s museum renewable energy exhibit and display, internet promotional and educational material, Aurora renewable energy science and engineering, CD-ROM training materials, presentations and traveling display, radio show `Energy Matters`, and newspaper articles and weekly news column.

  15. News | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma 101 10 Facts You Should Know About Plasma Click on an image below to view the high resolution image. Then right click on the image and select "Save Image" or "Save Image As..." The Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) NSTX interior W7-X plasma The sun

  16. CX-007120: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Full-Scale Mercury Control Demonstrations: Information Collection Request Sampling with Mercury ControlCX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1Date: 10/04/2011Location(s): Aurora, Saint Louis County, MissouriOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  17. CX-002538: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tangent Grant Application for American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Business Development ProgramCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 05/27/2010Location(s): Aurora, IllinoisOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  18. A mirror for lab-based quasi-monochromatic parallel x-rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, Thanhhai; Lu, Xun; Lee, Chang Jun; Jeon, Insu; Jung, Jin-Ho; Jin, Gye-Hwan; Kim, Sung Youb

    2014-09-15

    A multilayered parabolic mirror with six W/Al bilayers was designed and fabricated to generate monochromatic parallel x-rays using a lab-based x-ray source. Using this mirror, curved bright bands were obtained in x-ray images as reflected x-rays. The parallelism of the reflected x-rays was investigated using the shape of the bands. The intensity and monochromatic characteristics of the reflected x-rays were evaluated through measurements of the x-ray spectra in the band. High intensity, nearly monochromatic, and parallel x-rays, which can be used for high resolution x-ray microscopes and local radiation therapy systems, were obtained.

  19. Effects of fracture distribution and length scale on the equivalent

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    continuum elastic compliance of fractured rock masses (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Effects of fracture distribution and length scale on the equivalent continuum elastic compliance of fractured rock masses Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Effects of fracture distribution and length scale on the equivalent continuum elastic compliance of fractured rock masses Authors: Gutierrez, Marte ; Youn, Dong-Joon Publication Date: 2015-12-01 OSTI Identifier: 1224355 Grant/Contract

  20. Laboratory simulation of binary and triple well EGS in large granite blocks

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    using AE events for drilling guidance (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Laboratory simulation of binary and triple well EGS in large granite blocks using AE events for drilling guidance Citation Details In-Document Search This content will become publicly available on May 2, 2017 Title: Laboratory simulation of binary and triple well EGS in large granite blocks using AE events for drilling guidance Authors: Frash, Luke P. ; Gutierrez, Marte ; Hampton, Jesse ; Hood, John Publication Date:

  1. Quenching and Partitioning Process Development to Replace Hot Stamping of High Strength Automotive Steel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Emmanuel De Moor Colorado School of Mines U.S. DOE Advanced Manufacturing Office Peer Review Meeting Washington, D.C. May 6-7, 2014 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information. Elongation (% %) Second Generation AHSS 70 60 50 40 Hot Stamping Mild 30 BH 20 10 MART Before hardening 0 0 300 600 600 900 1200 1600 Tensile Strength (MPa) Elongation ( ) Develop High Strength Formable Steels � � Develop High Strength Sheet Steels for the

  2. FinalReg.xlsx

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    U.S. Department of Energy National Cleanup Workshop Registration List ORGANIZATION LAST NAME FIRST NAME 4D GeoViz, LLC Smoot John AECOM Coffman Frank AECOM Hayfield John AECOM Marts Terri AECOM McQuinn Bob AECOM Sain Leo AECOM Taylor James AECOM Wood Keith AECOM Wright Todd Aerostar SES, LLC Macon Richard Aiken County Council, SC Smith Chuck Allegheny Science & Technology Hayes Kimberly Anderson County Government, TN Frank Mayor Terry AREVA Federal Services Mouslim Tahar AREVA, Inc. Neider

  3. Investigation of waste rag generation at Naval Station Mayport. Project report, May 1990-July 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    The report presents the results of an investigation examining pollution prevention alternatives for reducing the volume of waste rags generated at Naval Station Mayport, located near Jacksonville Beach, Florida. The report recommends five specific pollution prevention alternatives: better operating practices, installation of equipment cleaning stations to remove contaminants normally removed with rags; replacement of SERVE MART rags with disposable wipers; use of recyclable rats for oil and great removal; and confirmation that used rags are fully contaminated prior to disposal.

  4. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Martínez, Inés" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: All Accepted Manuscript Published Article Publisher's Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: Subject: Identifier Numbers: Research Org: Sponsoring Org: Publication Date: to Update Date: to Sort: Relevance (highest to lowest) Publication Date (newest first) Publication Date (oldest first) Close Clear All Find Switch to Detail View for this search DOE PAGES Search Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records 1 results for: All records

  5. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Martínez, Inés" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: All Book/Monograph Conference/Event Journal Article Miscellaneous Patent Program Document Software Manual Technical Report Thesis/Dissertation Subject: Identifier Numbers: Site: All Alaska Power Administration, Juneau, Alaska (United States) Albany Research Center (ARC), Albany, OR (United States) Albuquerque Complex - NNSA Albuquerque Operations Office, Albuquerque, NM (United States) Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium,

  6. ORIGIN OF ELECTRON CYCLOTRON MASER INDUCED RADIO EMISSIONS AT ULTRACOOL DWARFS: MAGNETOSPHERE-IONOSPHERE COUPLING CURRENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, J. D.; Burleigh, M. R.; Casewell, S. L.; Cowley, S. W. H.; Wynn, G. A.; Clarke, J. T.; West, A. A.

    2012-11-20

    A number of ultracool dwarfs emit circularly polarized radio waves generated by the electron cyclotron maser instability. In the solar system such radio is emitted from regions of strong auroral magnetic-field-aligned currents. We thus apply ideas developed for Jupiter's magnetosphere, being a well-studied rotationally dominated analog in our solar system, to the case of fast-rotating UCDs. We explain the properties of the radio emission from UCDs by showing that it would arise from the electric currents resulting from an angular velocity shear in the fast-rotating magnetic field and plasma, i.e., by an extremely powerful analog of the process that causes Jupiter's auroras. Such a velocity gradient indicates that these bodies interact significantly with their space environment, resulting in intense auroral emissions. These results strongly suggest that auroras occur on bodies outside our solar system.

  7. Biological & Environmental Research Abstracts Database

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Search Term(s) (supports AND and OR operators and phrase in "double quotes") Register Number Title Abstract Principal Investigator PI Lookup Institution Institution Lookup City Adelaide SA 5001 Aiken Albany Albuquerque Alcoa Center Alexandria Ames Amherst Anchorage Ann Arbor Ardmore Argonne Arlington Asheville Athens Atlanta Auburn Auburn University Augusta Aurora Austin Bailrigg, Lancaster UK, LA1 4Y Baltimore Bar Harbor Batavia Baton Rouge Beaufort Beaverton Belleville Bellevue

  8. Plasma Astrophysics | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Astrophysics One of the most common but least understood phenomena in the universe is an explosive process called magnetic reconnection. PPPL's Magnetic Reconnection Experiment (MRX) studies this process, which gives rise to astrophysical events that include auroras, solar flares and geomagnetic storms. The process occurs when the magnetic field lines in plasmas break and violently reconnect. Generating and studying reconnection under controlled laboratory conditions can yield insights

  9. Illinois Town Launches Toilet Rebate Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Illinois Town Launches Toilet Rebate Program Illinois Town Launches Toilet Rebate Program June 11, 2010 - 4:23pm Addthis Paul Lester Paul Lester Digital Content Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? The EPA estimates toilets account for about 30 percent of an average home's indoor water use. Replacing inefficient toilets with new WaterSense toilets could save almost 2 billion gallons of water per day throughout the country, according to the EPA. The city of Aurora,

  10. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: MetLife, Inc. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    MetLife, Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: MetLife, Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: MetLife, Inc. Joined the Challenge: May 2013 Headquarters: New York, NY Charging Locations: Aurora, IL; Bloomfield, CT; Bridgewater, NJ; Dayton, OH; Freeport, IL; Johnstown, PA; Morristown, NJ; Oriskany, NY; Scranton, PA; St. Louis, MO; Tampa, FL; Troy, NY; Tulsa, OK; Warwick, RI Domestic Employees: 30,887 MetLife embraces its role as a responsible corporate citizen through implementing energy

  11. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Raytheon | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Raytheon Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Raytheon Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Raytheon Joined the Challenge: February 2013 Headquarters: Waltham, MA Charging Locations: El Segundo, CA; Dulles, VA; Tewksbury, MA; Aurora, CO; McKinney, TX; Woburn, MA; Largo, FL Domestic Employees: 60,000 Raytheon has installed fifteen dual 220-volt plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations spread across six operating locations in California, Colorado, Massachusetts, Texas and Virginia.

  12. Macro-Industrial Working Group 2

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Macro-Industrial Working Group Macroeconomic Analysis Team: Kay Smith, Team Leader, Elizabeth Sendich, Russ Tarver, and Vipin Aurora September 11, 2012 | Washington, DC Macro section WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Overview Macroeconomic Team, Washington, DC, Sept. 11, 2012 2 * The overall macroeconomic outlook * The detailed industrial production outlook * Summary employment and commercial floor space outlook *

  13. DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on OLED Lighting in an Office Setting |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy GATEWAY Report on OLED Lighting in an Office Setting DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on OLED Lighting in an Office Setting April 26, 2016 - 11:50am Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy has released a report on the first GATEWAY demonstration involving OLED lighting. Aurora Lighting Design, Inc., in Grayslake, IL, installed Acuity Brands' Trilia(tm) OLED lighting system in September 2014. The new report recounts the experiences of this pioneering project and provides

  14. NREL: Measurement and Instrumentation Data Center (MIDC) Home Page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the following stations: NREL Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (BMS) NREL/SRRL, Golden, Colorado National Wind Technology Center M2 Tower NREL/NWTC, Boulder, Colorado Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility RSR NREL/VTIF, Golden, Colorado Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC) MRI, Aurora, Colorado SOLRMAP: Southwest Solar Research Park (SSRP) Southwest Solar Technologies Inc, Phoenix, Arizona SOLRMAP: University of Arizona (OASIS) University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona SOLRMAP: La

  15. NREL: Solar Research - News Release Archives

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    09 October 21, 2009 Solar Technology Acceleration Center is Powering Up Members of the Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC) and supporters convened in Aurora, Colo., today, to mark a milestone in "Powering Up" one of the world's largest solar test and demonstration facilities. Since announcing the initial launch of SolarTAC one year ago, the site infrastructure development has progressed to the point where members can now break ground for their planned solar technology

  16. Geothermal systems of the Mono Basin-Long Valley region, eastern California and western Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higgins, C.T.; Flynn, T.; Chapman, R.H.; Trexler, D.T.; Chase, G.R.; Bacon, C.F.; Ghusn, G. Jr.

    1985-01-01

    The region that includes Mono Basin, Long Valley, the Bridgeport-Bodie Hills area, and Aurora, in eastern California and western Nevada was studied to determine the possible causes and interactions of the geothermal anomalies in the Mono Basin-Long Valley region as a whole. A special goal of the study was to locate possible shallow bodies of magma and to determine their influence on the hydrothermal systems in the region. (ACR)

  17. Colorado Students Head to National Science Competition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Head to National Science Competition For more information contact: e:mail: Public Affairs Golden, Colo., April 9, 1999 — Two teams of Colorado high school students will head to our nation's capital to compete in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Science Bowl April 30 - May 3. Students from Smoky Hill High School in Aurora and Fairview High School in Boulder placed first in regional Science Bowl competitions earlier this year and will represent Colorado at the national competition.

  18. Computational Physics and Methods

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Computational Physics and Methods Performing innovative simulations of physics phenomena on tomorrow's scientific computing platforms Growth and emissivity of young galaxy hosting a supermassive black hole as calculated in cosmological code ENZO and post-processed with radiative transfer code AURORA. image showing detailed turbulence simulation, Rayleigh-Taylor Turbulence imaging: the largest turbulence simulations to date Advanced multi-scale modeling Turbulence datasets Density iso-surfaces

  19. 2009 News | Concentrating Solar Power | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 News Below are news stories related to Concentrating Solar Power. RSS Learn about RSS. October 21, 2009 Solar Technology Acceleration Center is Powering Up Members of the Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC) and supporters convened in Aurora, Colo., today, to mark a milestone in "Powering Up" one of the world's largest solar test and demonstration facilities. Since announcing the initial launch of SolarTAC one year ago, the site infrastructure development has progressed to

  20. Susan Martindale

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    WINTER 2008 MEETING SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS FEBRUARY 6-7, 2008 Mark Abkowitz Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Box 1831, Station B Nashville, Tennessee 37235 mark.abkowitz@vanderbilt.edu Aurora Aboite Director, Environmental Program Wells Band Te-Moak Western Shoshone Tribe P.O. Box 809 Wells, Nevada 89835 wbcepa@yahoo.com Michael Aguilar, Tribal Councilman Governor's Office Pueblo de San Ildefonso Route 5, Box 315-A Santa Fe, New Mexico 87506 abaca@sanipueblo.org Martin Aguilar, Governor

  1. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Risk Analysis Study Documentation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2005-11-01

    The RiskMod Model is comprised of a set of risk simulation models, collectively referred to as RiskSim; a set of computer programs that manages data referred to as Data Management Procedures; and RevSim, a model that calculates net revenues. RiskMod interacts with the AURORA Model, the RAM2007, and the ToolKit Model during the process of performing the Risk Analysis Study. AURORA is the computer model being used to perform the Market Price Forecast Study (see Market Price Forecast Study, WP-07-E-BPA-03); the RAM2007 is the computer model being used to calculate rates (see Wholesale Power Rate Development Study, WP-07-E-BPA-05); and the ToolKit is the computer model being used to develop the risk mitigation package that achieves BPA's 92.6 percent TPP standard (see Section 3 in the Risk Analysis Study, WP-07-E-BPA-04). Variations in monthly loads, resources, natural gas prices, forward market electricity prices, transmission expenses, and aluminum smelter benefit payments are simulated in RiskSim. Monthly spot market electricity prices for the simulated loads, resources, and natural gas prices are estimated by the AURORA Model. Data Management Procedures facilitate the format and movement of data that flow to and/or from RiskSim, AURORA, and RevSim. RevSim estimates net revenues using risk data from RiskSim, spot market electricity prices from AURORA, loads and resources data from the Load Resource Study, WP-07-E-BPA-01, various revenues from the Revenue Forecast component of the Wholesale Power Rate Development Study, WP-07-E-BPA-05, and rates and expenses from the RAM2007. Annual average surplus energy revenues, purchased power expenses, and section 4(h)(10)(C) credits calculated by RevSim are used in the Revenue Forecast and the RAM2007. Heavy Load Hour (HLH) and Light Load Hour (LLH) surplus and deficit energy values from RevSim are used in the Transmission Expense Risk Model. Net revenues estimated for each simulation by RevSim are input into the ToolKit Model to develop the risk mitigation package that achieves BPA's 92.6 percent TPP standard. The processes and interaction between each of the models and studies are depicted in Graph 1.

  2. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Final Proposal : Risk Analysis Study Documentation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2006-07-01

    The RiskMod Model is comprised of a set of risk simulation models, collectively referred to as RiskSim; a set of computer programs that manages data referred to as Data Management Procedures; and RevSim, a model that calculates net revenues. RiskMod interacts with the AURORA Model, the RAM2007, and the ToolKit Model during the process of performing the Risk Analysis Study. AURORA is the computer model being used to perform the Market Price Forecast Study (see Market Price Forecast Study, WP-07-FS-BPA-03); the RAM2007 is the computer model being used to calculate rates (see Wholesale Power Rate Development Study, WP-07-FS-BPA-05); and the ToolKit is the computer model being used to develop the risk mitigation package that achieves BPA's 92.6 percent TPP standard (see Section 3 in the Risk Analysis Study, WP-07-FS-BPA-04). Variations in monthly loads, resources, natural gas prices, forward market electricity prices, transmission expenses, and aluminum smelter benefit payments are simulated in RiskSim. Monthly spot market electricity prices for the simulated loads, resources, and natural gas prices are estimated by the AURORA Model. Data Management Procedures facilitate the format and movement of data that flow to and/or from RiskSim, AURORA, and RevSim. RevSim estimates net revenues using risk data from RiskSim, spot market electricity prices from AURORA, loads and resources data from the Load Resource Study, WP-07-FS-BPA-01, various revenues from the Revenue Forecast component of the Wholesale Power Rate Development Study, WP-07-FSBPA-05, and rates and expenses from the RAM2007. Annual average surplus energy revenues, purchased power expenses, and section 4(h)(10)(C) credits calculated by RevSim are used in the Revenue Forecast and the RAM2007. Heavy Load Hour (HLH) and Light Load Hour (LLH) surplus and deficit energy values from RevSim are used in the Transmission Expense Risk Model. Net revenues estimated for each simulation by RevSim are input into the ToolKit Model to develop the risk mitigation package that achieves BPA's 92.6 percent TPP standard. The processes and interaction between each of the models and studies are depicted in Graph 1.

  3. Isotopomer analysis of free metabolites from hypoxia-responsive Mycobacterium smegmatis using N,O-bis-(trimetylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    R&D Note 1 Study of stationary phase metabolism via isotopomer analysis of 2 amino acids from an isolated protein** 3 4 Afshan S. Shaikh† 1 , Yinjie J. Tang† 2 , Aindrila Mukhopadhyay† 3,4 , Héctor García Martín 3,4 , 5 Jennifer Gin 3,4 , Peter Benke 3,4 , Jay D. Keasling 1,3,4,5 * . 6 7 1 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, USA; 2 Department of 8 Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University, St Louis, USA; 9 3 Physical

  4. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Switch to Detail View for this search SciTech Connect Search Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records Creators/Authors contains: "Gutierrez, Marte" × Sort by Relevance Sort by Date (newest first) Sort by Date (oldest first) Sort by Relevance « Prev Next » Everything6 Electronic Full Text2 Citations4 Multimedia0 Datasets0 Software0 Filter Results Filter by Subject environmental sciences (1) geosciences (1) geothermal energy (1) geothermal energy enhanced geothermal systems (1)

  5. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Switch to Detail View for this search SciTech Connect Search Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records Creators/Authors contains: "Martínez, Isidoro" × Sort by Relevance Sort by Date (newest first) Sort by Date (oldest first) Sort by Relevance « Prev Next » Everything1 Electronic Full Text0 Citations1 Multimedia0 Datasets0 Software0 Filter Results Filter by Subject aluminium oxides (1) bismuth selenides (1) bismuth tellurides (1) classical and quantum mechanics, general physics

  6. Probing novel scalar and tensor interactions from (ultra)cold neutrons to

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the LHC (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: Probing novel scalar and tensor interactions from (ultra)cold neutrons to the LHC Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Probing novel scalar and tensor interactions from (ultra)cold neutrons to the LHC Authors: Bhattacharya, Tanmoy ; Cirigliano, Vincenzo ; Cohen, Saul D. ; Filipuzzi, Alberto ; González-Alonso, Martín ; Graesser, Michael L. ; Gupta, Rajan ; Lin, Huey-Wen Publication Date: 2012-03-30 OSTI Identifier: 1098630

  7. Northern New Mexico Citizens' Advisory Board

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    energy.gov/em/nnmcab NNMCAB Members Douglas Sayre, Chair Santa Fe, NM Gerard Martínez y Valencia, Vice-Chair Santa Fe, NM Carla Abeyta Chimayo, NM Max Baca Las Vegas, NM Diahann Cordova Alcalde, NM Mary Friday Taos, NM Nona Girardi Los Alamos, NM Angelica Gurulé Española, NM Joshua Madalena Pueblo of Jemez, NM Tessa Mascareñas Española, NM Daniel Mayfield Nambe, NM Alex Puglisi Santa Fe, NM Angel Quintana Pueblo of Pojoaque, NM Rod Sanchez Corrales, NM Ashley Sanderson Santa Fe, NM Stephen

  8. Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CONTACTS Traci Rodosta Carbon Storage Technology Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 304-285-1345 traci.rodosta@netl.doe.gov Andrea Dunn Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236 412-386-7594 andrea.dunn@netl.doe.gov Marte Gutierrez Principal Investigator Colorado School of Mines 1600 Illinois Street Golden, CO 80401 303-273-3468 Fax: 303-273-3602

  9. SMART GRID:

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Solar Industry At Work SLIDESHOW: Solar Industry At Work June 4, 2012 - 9:37am Addthis 1 of 11 Vice President Joe Biden talks with staff at the National Renewable Energy Lab's Process Development and Integration Laboratory (PDIL). The PDIL brings together technical experts from NREL, the solar industry, and universities for collaborative research. Image: Dennis Schroeder (NREL) 2 of 11 Steven Bohn, an engineer at SunEdison oversees SunEdison's testing facility at SolarTAC in Aurora, CO. The

  10. Golden - Local Information | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Golden-Local Information This page provides travel information for visitors to the Golden offices and laboratories of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Transportation NREL is accessible via bus on the RTD route 20 from Aurora and Denver. Route 20 travels along 20th Avenue and ends at the NREL Education Center. Visit the RTD Web site or call 303-299-6000 to plan your trip or for more information. Visit the Denver International Airport site to find: Car rental agencies Shuttle services,

  11. SREL Reprint #3202

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Rapid Microsatellite Identification from Illumina Paired-End Genomic Sequencing in Two Birds and a Snake Todd A. Castoe1, Alexander W. Poole1, A. P. Jason de Koning1, Kenneth L. Jones1, Diana F. Tomback2, Sara J. Oyler-McCance3, Jennifer A. Fike3, Stacey L. Lance4, Jeffrey W. Streicher5, Eric N. Smith5, and David D. Pollock1 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA 2Department of Integrative Biology, University of

  12. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond plasma Topic Plasmas - The Greatest Show on Earth by Kathy Chambers 24 Jun, 2013 in Products and Content Perhaps the most beautiful and eerie displays of light in our sky are a phenomenon known as the auroras. This natural glow of light in the sky in high latitude regions usually displays ribbons of colors from a fluorescent green to brilliant purple to a vivid crimson somewhat like an unexpected beautiful sunrise or sunset.

  13. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond collections Topic Plasmas - The Greatest Show on Earth by Kathy Chambers 24 Jun, 2013 in Products and Content Perhaps the most beautiful and eerie displays of light in our sky are a phenomenon known as the auroras. This natural glow of light in the sky in high latitude regions usually displays ribbons of colors from a fluorescent green to brilliant purple to a vivid crimson somewhat like an unexpected beautiful sunrise or sunset.

  14. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond William Watson Topic Plasmas - The Greatest Show on Earth by Kathy Chambers 24 Jun, 2013 in Products and Content Perhaps the most beautiful and eerie displays of light in our sky are a phenomenon known as the auroras. This natural glow of light in the sky in high latitude regions usually displays ribbons of colors from a fluorescent green to brilliant purple to a vivid crimson somewhat like an unexpected beautiful sunrise or sunset.

  15. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond ambient-gas Topic Plasmas - The Greatest Show on Earth by Kathy Chambers 24 Jun, 2013 in Products and Content Perhaps the most beautiful and eerie displays of light in our sky are a phenomenon known as the auroras. This natural glow of light in the sky in high latitude regions usually displays ribbons of colors from a fluorescent green to brilliant purple to a vivid crimson somewhat like an unexpected beautiful sunrise or sunset.

  16. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond nanomaterials Topic Plasmas - The Greatest Show on Earth by Kathy Chambers 24 Jun, 2013 in Products and Content Perhaps the most beautiful and eerie displays of light in our sky are a phenomenon known as the auroras. This natural glow of light in the sky in high latitude regions usually displays ribbons of colors from a fluorescent green to brilliant purple to a vivid crimson somewhat like an unexpected beautiful sunrise or sunset.

  17. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond spaceship propulsion Topic Plasmas - The Greatest Show on Earth by Kathy Chambers 24 Jun, 2013 in Products and Content Perhaps the most beautiful and eerie displays of light in our sky are a phenomenon known as the auroras. This natural glow of light in the sky in high latitude regions usually displays ribbons of colors from a fluorescent green to brilliant purple to a vivid crimson somewhat like an unexpected beautiful sunrise or

  18. Students from Smoky Hill High School Triumph in Colorado High School

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Bowl - News Releases | NREL Students from Smoky Hill High School Triumph in Colorado High School Science Bowl February 11, 2006 Golden, Colo. - For the fifth year in a row, students from Smoky Hill High School won top honors at the Colorado High School Science Bowl. In the final round of rapid-fire questions and answers about physics, math, biology, astronomy, chemistry, computers and the earth sciences, Smoky Hill High School from Aurora was victorious over D'Evelyn High School from

  19. Students from Smoky Hill High School Triumph in Colorado Science Bowl -

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News Releases | NREL Students from Smoky Hill High School Triumph in Colorado Science Bowl February 12, 2005 Golden, Colo. - Students from Smoky Hill High School won top honors at the Colorado Science Bowl today for the fourth year in a row. In the final round of rapid-fire questions and answers about physics, math, biology, astronomy, chemistry, computers and the earth sciences, Smoky Hill High School team #2 from Aurora was victorious over Smoky Hill High School team #1. Thirty-six student

  20. Study of mid-latitude 5577A CI dayglow emissions. Doctoral thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hume, E.E.

    1992-01-01

    Summary of thesis: The green line (5577angstroms) is a bright, persistent component of the visible airglow. It is produced by an electric quadruple transition from the metastable second excited state (1So) to the first excited state (1D2) of atomic oxygen. These two excited states all lie in the same electron shell of the atom and have the same electron configuration as the ground state of 1s22s22p4, which is the 3P2,1,0. This emission is present in both the daytime and night airglow and in the aurora, and despite a long history of study it is still not fully understood. The emission in the dayglow and the nightglow is relatively homogeneous spatially and global in coverage. In the aurora, the emission is much brighter than the airglow, high structured and very localized being restricted to higher latitudes. The structure of the 5577angstroms emission with altitude and the chemistry responsible for the production of the emission are complex. The vertical structure for the emission has two distinct layers in the airglow each with its own set of production and loss mechanisms. the chemistry for either of these layers is not completely known. The auroral emission is not understood either since it overlaps the upper and lower layer altitudes and it tends to contain some parts of the chemistry of both layers as sources and losses.

  1. INTERSTELLAR NEUTRAL ATOMS AT 1 AU OBSERVED BY THE IMAGE/LENA IMAGER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuselier, S. A.; Ghielmetti, A. G.; Wurz, P. E-mail: gmetti@mail.spasci.com

    2009-06-20

    Observations from the Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora: Global Exploration (IMAGE) Low Energy Neutral Atom (LENA) imager from 2005 are used to investigate characteristics of interstellar neutrals in the inner solar system. The LENA imager detected an interstellar neutral signal starting in 2004 December and extending to early 2005 April. Using the orientation of the field of view of the imager and the date of the loss of the interstellar neutral signal, it is concluded that the signal is consistent with a relatively compact (several degrees wide in ecliptic latitude and longitude) source of neutral helium and/or energetic (>150 eV) hydrogen originating from the solar apex direction. Observations later in 2005 are used to distinguish the composition and conclude that the relatively compact source likely contains some energetic hydrogen (in addition to the helium)

  2. Project Award Spreadsheets 2010 12 21 1232.xlsx

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    City HQ State Congressional District(s) Population Recovery Act Funding* Asheville ** NC NC-011 500,000 $209,940 Aspen CO CO-003 5,902 $59,193 Aurora CO CO-007 319,057 $151,800 Baltimore MD MD-002 636,919 $200,000 Baton Rouge LA LA-6 223,689 $200,000 Boston MA MA-009 609,023 $300,000 Casper WY WY-001 54,047 $130,000 Chicago IL IL-005 2,853,114 $300,000 Chula Vista CA CA-051 219,318 $200,000 City and County of Denver CO CO-001 598,707 $210,040 Columbia MO MO-009 100,733 $200,000 Davenport IA

  3. Investigations of low-temperature geothermal potential in New York State

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodge, D.S.; De Rito, R.; Hifiker, K.; Morgan, P.; Swanberg, C.A.

    1981-09-01

    Temperature gradient map and published heat flow data indicate a possible potential for a geothermal resource in western and central New York State. A new analysis of bottom-hole temperature data for New York State confirms the existence of three positive gradient anomalies: the East Aurora, Cayuga, and Elmira anomalies, with gradients as high as 32/sup 0/C/km, 36/sup 0/C/km, and 36/sup 0/C/km, respectively. Ground waters from two of these anomalies are enriched in silica relative to surrounding areas. Heat flows based on silica geothermometry are 50 to 70 mWm/sup -2/ for the anomalies and 41.4 mWm/sup -2/ for bordering regional flux. A correlation between Bouguer gravity anomalies and the temperature gradient map suggests that the geothermal anomalies may occur above radioactive granites in the basement.

  4. Fast, automatic, and accurate catheter reconstruction in HDR brachytherapy using an electromagnetic 3D tracking system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poulin, Eric; Racine, Emmanuel; Beaulieu, Luc; Binnekamp, Dirk

    2015-03-15

    Purpose: In high dose rate brachytherapy (HDR-B), current catheter reconstruction protocols are relatively slow and error prone. The purpose of this technical note is to evaluate the accuracy and the robustness of an electromagnetic (EM) tracking system for automated and real-time catheter reconstruction. Methods: For this preclinical study, a total of ten catheters were inserted in gelatin phantoms with different trajectories. Catheters were reconstructed using a 18G biopsy needle, used as an EM stylet and equipped with a miniaturized sensor, and the second generation Aurora{sup } Planar Field Generator from Northern Digital Inc. The Aurora EM system provides position and orientation value with precisions of 0.7 mm and 0.2, respectively. Phantoms were also scanned using a ?CT (GE Healthcare) and Philips Big Bore clinical computed tomography (CT) system with a spatial resolution of 89 ?m and 2 mm, respectively. Reconstructions using the EM stylet were compared to ?CT and CT. To assess the robustness of the EM reconstruction, five catheters were reconstructed twice and compared. Results: Reconstruction time for one catheter was 10 s, leading to a total reconstruction time inferior to 3 min for a typical 17-catheter implant. When compared to the ?CT, the mean EM tip identification error was 0.69 0.29 mm while the CT error was 1.08 0.67 mm. The mean 3D distance error was found to be 0.66 0.33 mm and 1.08 0.72 mm for the EM and CT, respectively. EM 3D catheter trajectories were found to be more accurate. A maximum difference of less than 0.6 mm was found between successive EM reconstructions. Conclusions: The EM reconstruction was found to be more accurate and precise than the conventional methods used for catheter reconstruction in HDR-B. This approach can be applied to any type of catheters and applicators.

  5. WE-A-17A-10: Fast, Automatic and Accurate Catheter Reconstruction in HDR Brachytherapy Using An Electromagnetic 3D Tracking System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poulin, E; Racine, E; Beaulieu, L; Binnekamp, D

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: In high dose rate brachytherapy (HDR-B), actual catheter reconstruction protocols are slow and errors prompt. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and robustness of an electromagnetic (EM) tracking system for improved catheter reconstruction in HDR-B protocols. Methods: For this proof-of-principle, a total of 10 catheters were inserted in gelatin phantoms with different trajectories. Catheters were reconstructed using a Philips-design 18G biopsy needle (used as an EM stylet) and the second generation Aurora Planar Field Generator from Northern Digital Inc. The Aurora EM system exploits alternating current technology and generates 3D points at 40 Hz. Phantoms were also scanned using a ?CT (GE Healthcare) and Philips Big Bore clinical CT system with a resolution of 0.089 mm and 2 mm, respectively. Reconstructions using the EM stylet were compared to ?CT and CT. To assess the robustness of the EM reconstruction, 5 catheters were reconstructed twice and compared. Results: Reconstruction time for one catheter was 10 seconds or less. This would imply that for a typical clinical implant of 17 catheters, the total reconstruction time would be less than 3 minutes. When compared to the ?CT, the mean EM tip identification error was 0.69 0.29 mm while the CT error was 1.08 0.67 mm. The mean 3D distance error was found to be 0.92 0.37 mm and 1.74 1.39 mm for the EM and CT, respectively. EM 3D catheter trajectories were found to be significantly more accurate (unpaired t-test, p < 0.05). A mean difference of less than 0.5 mm was found between successive EM reconstructions. Conclusion: The EM reconstruction was found to be faster, more accurate and more robust than the conventional methods used for catheter reconstruction in HDR-B. This approach can be applied to any type of catheters and applicators. We would like to disclose that the equipments, used in this study, is coming from a collaboration with Philips Medical.

  6. DataFoundry: Warehousing techniques for dynamic environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Critchlow, T.; Fidelis, K.; Ganesh, M.; Musick, R.; Slezak, T., LLNL

    1998-01-29

    Data warehouses and data marts have been successfully applied to a multitude of commercial business applications as tools for integrating and providing access to data located across an enterprise. Although the need for this capability is as vital in the scientific world as in the business domain, working warehouses in our community are scarce. A primary technical reason for this is that our understanding of the concepts being explored in an evolving scientific domain change constantly, leading to rapid changes in the data representation. When any database providing information to a warehouse changes its format, the warehouse must be updated to reflect these changes, or it will not function properly. The cost of maintaining a warehouse using traditional techniques in this environment is prohibitive. This paper describes ideas for dramatically reducing the amount of work that must be done to keep a warehouse up to date in a dynamic, scientific environment. The ideas are being applied in a prototype warehouse called DataFoundry. DataFoundry, currently in use by structural biologists at LLNL, will eventually support scientists at the Department of Energy`s Joint Genome Institute.

  7. Bio-Inspired Cyber Security for Smart Grid Deployments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKinnon, Archibald D.; Thompson, Seth R.; Doroshchuk, Ruslan A.; Fink, Glenn A.; Fulp, Errin W.

    2013-05-01

    mart grid technologies are transforming the electric power grid into a grid with bi-directional flows of both power and information. Operating millions of new smart meters and smart appliances will significantly impact electric distribution systems resulting in greater efficiency. However, the scale of the grid and the new types of information transmitted will potentially introduce several security risks that cannot be addressed by traditional, centralized security techniques. We propose a new bio-inspired cyber security approach. Social insects, such as ants and bees, have developed complex-adaptive systems that emerge from the collective application of simple, light-weight behaviors. The Digital Ants framework is a bio-inspired framework that uses mobile light-weight agents. Sensors within the framework use digital pheromones to communicate with each other and to alert each other of possible cyber security issues. All communication and coordination is both localized and decentralized thereby allowing the framework to scale across the large numbers of devices that will exist in the smart grid. Furthermore, the sensors are light-weight and therefore suitable for implementation on devices with limited computational resources. This paper will provide a brief overview of the Digital Ants framework and then present results from test bed-based demonstrations that show that Digital Ants can identify a cyber attack scenario against smart meter deployments.

  8. The flavonoid eupatorin inactivates the mitotic checkpoint leading to polyploidy and apoptosis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salmela, Anna-Leena; Turku Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Turku; Turku Centre for Biotechnology, P.O. Box 123, University of Turku ; Pouwels, Jeroen; Kukkonen-Macchi, Anu; Waris, Sinikka; Toivonen, Pauliina; Jaakkola, Kimmo; Maeki-Jouppila, Jenni; Turku Centre for Biotechnology, P.O. Box 123, University of Turku; Drug Discovery Graduate School, University of Turku ; Kallio, Lila; Kallio, Marko J.; Turku Centre for Biotechnology, P.O. Box 123, University of Turku; Centre of Excellence for Translational Genome-Scale Biology, P.O. Box 106, Academy of Finland

    2012-03-10

    The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is a conserved mechanism that ensures the fidelity of chromosome distribution in mitosis by preventing anaphase onset until the correct bipolar microtubule-kinetochore attachments are formed. Errors in SAC function may contribute to tumorigenesis by inducing numerical chromosome anomalies (aneuploidy). On the other hand, total disruption of SAC can lead to massive genomic imbalance followed by cell death, a phenomena that has therapeutic potency. We performed a cell-based high-throughput screen with a compound library of 2000 bioactives for novel SAC inhibitors and discovered a plant-derived phenolic compound eupatorin (3 Prime ,5-dihydroxy-4 Prime ,6,7-trimethoxyflavone) as an anti-mitotic flavonoid. The premature override of the microtubule drug-imposed mitotic arrest by eupatorin is dependent on microtubule-kinetochore attachments but not interkinetochore tension. Aurora B kinase activity, which is essential for maintenance of normal SAC signaling, is diminished by eupatorin in cells and in vitro providing a mechanistic explanation for the observed forced mitotic exit. Eupatorin likely has additional targets since eupatorin treatment of pre-mitotic cells causes spindle anomalies triggering a transient M phase delay followed by impaired cytokinesis and polyploidy. Finally, eupatorin potently induces apoptosis in multiple cancer cell lines and suppresses cancer cell proliferation in organotypic 3D cell culture model.

  9. Solid-state dosimeters: A new approach for mammography measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brateman, Libby F.; Heintz, Philip H.

    2015-02-15

    Purpose: To compare responses of modern commercially available solid-state dosimeters (SStDs) used in mammography medical physics surveys for two major vendors of current digital mammography units. To compare differences in dose estimates among SStD responses with ionization chamber (IC) measurements for several target/filter (TF) combinations and report their characteristics. To review scientific bases for measurements of quantities required for mammography for traditional measurement procedures and SStDs. Methods: SStDs designed for use with modern digital mammography units were acquired for evaluation from four manufacturers. Each instrument was evaluated under similar conditions with the available mammography beams provided by two modern full-field digital mammography units in clinical use: a GE Healthcare Senographe Essential (Essential) and a Hologic Selenia Dimensions 5000 (Dimensions), with TFs of Mo/Mo, Mo/Rh; and Rh/Rh and W/Rh, W/Ag, and W/Al, respectively. Measurements were compared among the instruments for the TFs over their respective clinical ranges of peak tube potentials for kVp and half-value layer (HVL) measurements. Comparisons for air kerma (AK) and their associated relative calculated average glandular doses (AGDs), i.e., using fixed mAs, were evaluated over the limited range of 2830 kVp. Measurements were compared with reference IC measurements for AK, reference HVLs and calculated AGD, for two compression paddle heights for AK, to evaluate scatter effects from compression paddles. SStDs may require different positioning from current mammography measurement protocols. Results: Measurements of kVp were accurate in general for the SStDs (within ?1.2 and +1.1 kVp) for all instruments over a wide range of set kVps and TFs and most accurate for Mo/Mo and W/Rh. Discrepancies between measurements and reference values were greater for HVL and AK. Measured HVL values differed from reference values by ?6.5% to +3.5% depending on the SStD and TF. AK measurements over limited (2830) kVps ranged from ?6% to +7% for SStDs, compared with IC reference values. Relative AGDs for each SStD using its associated measurements of kVp, HVL and AK underestimated AGD in nearly all cases, compared with reference IC values, with discrepancies of

  10. Measuring the seeds of ion outflow: auroral sounding rocket observations of low-altitude ion heating and circulation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fernandes, P. A.; Lynch, K. A.; Zettergren, M.; Hampton, D. L.; Bekkeng, T. A.; Cohen, I. J.; Conde, M.; Fisher, L. E.; Horak, P.; Lessard, M. R.; et al

    2016-01-25

    Here, we present an analysis of in situ measurements from the MICA (Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Alfvén Resonator) nightside auroral sounding rocket with comparisons to a multifluid ionospheric model. MICA made observations at altitudes below 325 km of the thermal ion kinetic particle distributions that are the origins of ion outflow. Late flight, in the vicinity of an auroral arc, we observe frictional processes controlling the ion temperature. Upflow of these cold ions is attributed to either the ambipolar field resulting from the heated electrons or possibly to ion-neutral collisions. We measure E→xB→ convection away from the arc (poleward) andmore » downflows of hundreds of m s-1 poleward of this arc, indicating small-scale low-altitude plasma circulation. In the early flight we observe DC electromagnetic Poynting flux and associated ELF wave activity influencing the thermal ion temperature in regions of Alfvénic aurora. We observe enhanced, anisotropic ion temperatures which we conjecture are caused by transverse heating by wave-particle interactions (WPI) even at these low altitudes. Throughout this region we observe several hundred m s-1 upflow of the bulk thermal ions colocated with WPI; however, the mirror force is negligible at these low energies; thus, the upflow is attributed to ambipolar fields (or possibly neutral upwelling drivers). Moreover, the low-altitude MICA observations serve to inform future ionospheric modeling and simulations of (a) the need to consider the effects of heating by WPI at altitudes lower than previously considered viable and (b) the occurrence of structured and localized upflows/downflows below where higher-altitude heating rocesses are expected.« less

  11. Physics Division progress report, January 1, 1984-September 30, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, W.E.

    1987-10-01

    This report provides brief accounts of significant progress in development activities and research results achieved by Physics Division personnel during the period January 1, 1984, through September 31, 1986. These efforts are representative of the three main areas of experimental research and development in which the Physics Division serves Los Alamos National Laboratory's and the Nation's needs in defense and basic sciences: (1) defense physics, including the development of diagnostic methods for weapons tests, weapon-related high-energy-density physics, and programs supporting the Strategic Defense Initiative; (2) laser physics and applications, especially to high-density plasmas; and (3) fundamental research in nuclear and particle physics, condensed-matter physics, and biophysics. Throughout the report, emphasis is placed on the design, construction, and application of a variety of advanced, often unique, instruments and instrument systems that maintain the Division's position at the leading edge of research and development in the specific fields germane to its mission. A sampling of experimental systems of particular interest would include the relativistic electron-beam accelerator and its applications to high-energy-density plasmas; pulsed-power facilities; directed energy weapon devices such as free-electron lasers and neutral-particle-beam accelerators; high-intensity ultraviolet and x-ray beam lines at the National Synchrotron Light Source (at Brookhaven National Laboratory); the Aurora KrF ultraviolet laser system for projected use as an inertial fusion driver; antiproton physics facility at CERN; and several beam developments at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility for studying nuclear, condensed-matter, and biological physics, highlighted by progress in establishing the Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center.

  12. Managing Floods and Resources at the Arroyo Las Positas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, L; Van Hattem, M; Mathews, S

    2002-03-05

    Engineers and water resource professionals are challenged with protecting facilities from flood events within environmental resource protection, regulatory, and economic constraints. One case in point is the Arroyo Las Positas (ALP), an intermittent stream that traverses the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in Livermore, California. Increased runoff from post-drought rainfall, upstream development, and new perennial discharges from LLNL activities have resulted in increased dry weather flows and wetland vegetation. These new conditions have recently begun to provide improved habitat for the federally threatened California red-legged frog (Rana aurora draytonii; CRLF), but the additional vegetation diminishes the channel's drainage capacity and increases flood risk. When LLNL proposed to re-grade the channel to reestablish the 100-year flood capacity, traditional dredging practices were no longer being advocated by environmental regulatory agencies. LLNL therefore designed a desilting maintenance plan to protect LLNL facility areas from flooding, while minimizing impacts to wetland resources and habitat. The result was a combination of structural upland improvements and the ALP Five Year Maintenance Plan (Maintenance Plan), which includes phased desilting in segments so that the entire ALP is desilted after five years. A unique feature of the Maintenance Plan is the variable length of the segments designed to minimize LLNL's impact on CRLF movement. State and federal permits also added monitoring requirements and additional constraints on desilting activities. Two years into the Maintenance Plan, LLNL is examining the lessons learned on the cost-effectiveness of these maintenance measures and restrictions and reevaluating the direction of future maintenance activities.

  13. SciFri PM: Topics 08: The Role and Benefits of Electromagnetic Needle-Tracking Technologies in Brachytherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beaulieu, L.; Racine, E.; Boutaleb, S.; Filion, O.; Poulin, E.; Hautvast, G.; Binnekamp, D.

    2014-08-15

    In modern brachytherapy, application of large doses of ionizing radiation in a limited number of fractions is frequent. Furthermore, as with any surgical procedures, brachytherapy is subject to learning curve effects. In this context, there could be advantages of integrating real-time tracking of needles/catheters to existing protocols given the recent prominent advances in tracking technologies. In this work, we review the use of an electromagnetic tracking system (EMTS) based on the second generation Aurora Planar Field Generator (Northern Digital Inc) and custom design needles (Philips Healthcare) for brachytherapy applications. The position and orientation information is obtained from 5 degrees of freedom sensors. Basic system performance characterization is performed in well-controlled conditions to establish accuracy and reproducibility as well as potential interference from standard brachytherapy equipment. The results show that sensor locations can be tracked to within 0.04mm (la) when located within 26cm of the generator. Orientation accuracy of the needle remained within 1 in the same region, but rose quickly at larger distances. The errors on position and orientation strongly dependent the sensor position in the characterization volume (500500500mm{sup 3}). The presence of an ultrasound probe was shown to have negligible effects on tracking accuracy. The use of EMTS for automatic catheter/applicator reconstruction was also explored. Reconstruction time was less than 10 sec/channel and tips identification was within 0.690.29mm of the reference values. Finally, we demonstrate that hollow needle designs with special EM adaptation also allow for real-time seed drop position estimation. In phantom experiments showed that drop positions were on average within 1.60.9mm of the reference position measured from ?CT. Altogether, EMTS offer promising benefits in a wide range of brachytherapy applications.

  14. WE-A-17A-09: Exploiting Electromagnetic Technologies for Real-Time Seed Drop Position Validation in Permanent Implant Brachytherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Racine, E; Hautvast, G; Binnekamp, D; Beaulieu, L

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To report on preliminary results validating the performance of a specially designed LDR brachytherapy needle prototype possessing both electromagnetic (EM) tracking and seed drop detection abilities. Methods: An EM hollow needle prototype has been designed and constructed in collaboration with research partner Philips Healthcare. The needle possesses conventional 3D tracking capabilities, along with a novel seed drop detection mechanism exploiting local changes of electromagnetic properties generated by the passage of seeds in the needle's embedded sensor coils. These two capabilities are exploited by proprietary engineering and signal processing techniques to generate seed drop position estimates in real-time treatment delivery. The electromagnetic tracking system (EMTS) used for the experiment is the NDI Aurora Planar Field Generator. The experiment consisted of dropping a total of 35 seeds in a prismatic agarose phantom, and comparing the 3D seed drop positions of the EMTS to those obtained by an image analysis of subsequent micro-CT scans. Drop position error computations and statistical analysis were performed after a 3D registration of the two seed distributions. Results: Of the 35 seeds dropped in the phantom, 32 were properly detected by the needle prototype. Absolute drop position errors among the detected seeds ranged from 0.5 to 4.8 mm with mean and standard deviation values of 1.6 and 0.9 mm, respectively. Error measurements also include undesirable and uncontrollable effects such as seed motion upon deposition. The true accuracy performance of the needle prototype is therefore underestimated. Conclusion: This preliminary study demonstrates the potential benefits of EM technologies in detecting the passage of seeds in a hollow needle as a means of generating drop position estimates in real-time treatment delivery. Such tools could therefore represent a potentially interesting addition to existing brachytherapy protocols for rapid dosimetry validation. Equipments and fundings for this project were provided by Philips Medical.