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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Crystal growth behaviour in Au-ZnO nanocomposite under different annealing environments and photoswitchability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth of gold nanoparticles and ZnO nanorods in atom beam co-sputtered Au-ZnO nanocomposite (NC) system by annealing at two different ambient conditions is demonstrated in this work. Annealing in a furnace at 600 Degree-Sign C (air environment) confirmed the formation of ZnO nanorods surrounded with Au nanoparticles. In-situ annealing inside a transmission electron microscope (TEM) led to the formation of gold nanocrystals with different polygonal shapes. TEM micrographs were obtained in real time at intermediate temperatures of 300 Degree-Sign C, 420 Degree-Sign C, and 600 Degree-Sign C under vacuum. The growth mechanisms of Au nanocrystals and ZnO nanorods are discussed in the framework of Au-Zn eutectic and Zn-melting temperatures in vacuum and air, respectively. Current-voltage responses of Au-ZnO NC nanorods in dark as well as under light illumination have been investigated and photoswitching in Au-ZnO NC system is reported. The photoswitching has been discussed in terms of Au-ZnO band-diagram.

Mishra, Y. K.; Adelung, R. [Functional Nanomaterials, Institute for Materials Science, University of Kiel, Kaiserstrasse 2, 24143 Kiel (Germany); Chakravadhanula, V. S. K.; Hrkac, V.; Kienle, L. [Synthesis and Real Structure, Institute for Materials Science, University of Kiel, Kaiserstrasse 2, 24143 Kiel (Germany); Jebril, S. [Multicomponent Materials, Institute for Materials Science, University of Kiel, Kaiserstrasse 2, 24143 Kiel (Germany); Agarwal, D. C.; Avasthi, D. K. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, Post Box 10502, New Delhi 110067 (India); Mohapatra, S. [University School of Basic and Applied Sciences, GGS Indraprastha University, Dwaraka, New Delhi 110075 (India)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Structural Phase Transition in AuZn Alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AuxZn1-x alloys undergo a shape memory martensitic transformation whose temperature and nature (continuous or discontinuous) is strongly composition dependent. Neutron diffraction experiments were performed on single crystals of x=50 and 52 to explore the structural changes occurring at the transition temperature. A transverse modulation with wavevector q0=(1/3,1/3,0) develops below the transition temperature, with no observable change in lattice parameter. However, the Bragg peak width shows a broadening suggesting an unresolved rhombohedral distortion similar to what has been observed in NiTi-Fe alloys.

Winn,B.L.; Shapiro, S.M.; Lashley, J.C.; Opeil, C.; Ratcliff, W.

2009-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

3

BNL | Jörg Schwender  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rg Schwender Jörg Schwender Background Plant biomass is of increasing importance as a renewable resource for the production of fuels and of chemical feedstocks that replace petroleum based materials. As a basis for rational engineering of seeds and other plant storage organs, our goal is to increase the basic understanding of the functioning of storage metabolism in plants. Of central interest here is the process of allocation of maternal carbon and nitrogen resources to different storage products (oil, protein and starch) in a sink organ like a developing seed. Schematic of carbon flow during storage synthesis in developing seeds of Brassica napus based on metabolic flux analysis (See publications below). PPP = pentose phosphate pathway; TAG = triacylglycerol. Research Interests

4

Deriving confinement via RG decimations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the general framework and building blocks of a recent derivation of the fact that the SU(2) LGT is in a confining phase for all values of the coupling $0 < \\beta < \\infty$, for space-time dimension $d \\leq 4$. The method employs approximate but explicitly computable RG decimations that are shown to constrain the exact partition function and order parameters from above and below, and flow from the weak to the strong coupling regime without encountering a fixed point.

E. T. Tomboulis

2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

5

BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING BSE PLAN REQUIREMENTS Campus: UMICH RG = Requirement Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING BSE PLAN REQUIREMENTS Campus: UMICH RG = Requirement Group Career: UENG RQ = Requirement Program: LN = Line Plan: 0880BSE Sub-Plan: RG 6856 BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING MAJOR REQUIREMENTS Effective FA05/1560 (09/06/2005) RQ 4996 Program Subjects Effective FA05/1560 (09/06/2005) LN 0010 BIOMEDE

Shyy, Wei

6

Atomic collapse in graphene and cyclic RG flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Letter we consider the problem of screening of external charge in graphene from the cyclic RG flow viewpoint. The analogy with conformal Calogero model is used to suggest the interpretation of the tower of resonant states as tower of Efimov states.

Alexander Gorsky; Fedor Popov

2013-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

7

RG&E - Residential Efficiency Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Residential Efficiency Program - Residential Efficiency Program RG&E - Residential Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source PSC-mandated System Benefits Charge (SBC) State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator Recycling: $50 rebate and free removal Multifamily Dwelling Units: 6 free CFLS and smart power strips Multifamily Common Area Ligting: 50% off custom lighting upgrades RG&E is offering residential electric customers rebates for recycling refrigerators, and its multifamily customers free CFLs, smart power strips and 50% off common area lighting equipment. All equipment requirements must be met in order to receive rebates. See the program website for details.

8

Green electroluminescence from ZnO/n-InP heterostructure fabricated by metalorganic chemical vapour deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vertically aligned ZnO films were deposited on n-InP by metalorganic chemical vapour deposition. X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy and photoluminescence measurements demonstrated that the ZnO films had good quality. By evaporating AuZn electrodes on both ZnO and InP surfaces, a ZnO-based light emitting device was fabricated. Under forward voltage, weak green emissions can be observed in darkness.

Huichao Zhu; Baolin Zhang; Xiangping Li; Xin Dong; Wancheng Li; Hesong Guan; Yongguo Cui; Xiaochuan Xia; Tianpeng Yang; Yuchun Chang; Guotong Du

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

RG&E (Electric) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

RG&E (Electric) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program RG&E (Electric) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program RG&E (Electric) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate No maximum per customer rebate; however, NYSEG/RG&E reserve the right to cap the rebate to any one customer Program Info State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount HVAC: Prescriptive incentives vary A/C or Heat Pump A/C or Heat Pump > 63 tons: $25/ton + $5/ton for each 0.1 EER above 9.7 Water Cooled Chillers: $6/ton or $15/ton + $2-$8/ton for each 0.01 kW/ton

10

RG&E (Gas) - Residential Efficiency Program (New York) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

RG&E (Gas) - Residential Efficiency Program (New York) RG&E (Gas) - Residential Efficiency Program (New York) RG&E (Gas) - Residential Efficiency Program (New York) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Cannot exceed total installed price. Program Info Funding Source PSC-mandated System Benefits Charge (SBC) State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Furnace: $140-$600 (w/ECM) Water Boiler: $350-$1,000 Steam Boiler: $350 Boiler Reset Control: $100 Indirect Water Heater: $210 Programmable Thermostat: $18 RG&E is offering residential natural gas customers rebates for installing energy efficient equipment. Customers can complete one rebate application for multiple pieces of equipment as long as they are not the same type of

11

ARM-96-003 UAV Fall 1996 Flight Series Mission Summary RG Ellingson  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6-003 UAV Fall 1996 Flight Series Mission Summary RG Ellingson Fall 1996 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the...

12

E-Print Network 3.0 - arboreum cv rg8 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: arboreum cv rg8 Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Plant Molecular Biology 51: 313325, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic...

13

Microsoft Word - RBL_Jan_2009_RG13-1-398.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

not available The subsurface elevation is at the bottom of the well. Link to Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission information about well RG 13-1-398: http:...

14

RG&E (Gas) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program RG&E (Gas) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Other Maximum Rebate No maximum per customer rebate; however, NYSEG/RG&E reserve the right to cap the rebate to any one customer. Program Info State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount HVAC: Prescriptive incentives vary Condensing Boilers: $1000-$6000 Hydronic Boilers: $500-$4000 Steam Boilers: $200 Furnaces: $100 Programmable Thermostats: $25 Boiler Reset Controls: $150 Provider NYSEG/RGE NYSEG and RG&E offer rebates to non-residential customers installing energy

15

RG&E (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program RG&E (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source System Benefits Charge State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Assessment: Free Lighting Retrofit: 70% of cost Provider RG&E and NYSEG RG&E offers a lighting incentive program designed to serve small business customers with a demand of 100 kilowatts (kW) or less. These small business customers may schedule a free energy assessment and then receive a 70% discount on the installed cost of recommended lighting measures. Eligible lighting measures include the retrofitting of fluorescent fixtures,

16

Microsoft Word - RBL_Jan_2009_RG24-13-398.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

24-13-398 24-13-398 Well: Gas production well, Federal RG 24-13-398, API # 05-103-10702. Operator: Williams Production RMT, Incorporated Sampler: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, CO. Date of Sampling Event: 7 January 2009 Samples of natural gas and produced water were collected from production well Federal RG 24-13-398. Location data for the surface collection point and the sample location are given in Table 1. A description of each sample collected is listed in Table 2. Table 1. Well Federal RG 24-13-398, API # 05-103-10702 Sample Location Distance (feet) from Surface Sample Point Location Location Sea Level elevation (feet) N-S Section line E-W Section line Latitude (NAD 27) Longitude (NAD 27) Distance

17

Complete CFD analysis of a Velocity XL-5 RG with flight-test verification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Texas A&M Flight Research Laboratory (FRL) recently received delivery of its newest aircraft, the Velocity XL-5 RG. The Velocity can fly faster than the other aircraft owned by the FRL and does not have a propeller in the front of the aircraft...

Schouten, Shane Michael

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

18

Photoluminescence study of the substitution of Cd by Zn during the growth by atomic layer epitaxy of alternate CdSe and ZnSe monolayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a study of the substitution of Cd atoms by Zn atoms during the growth of alternate ZnSe and CdSe compound monolayers (ML) by atomic layer epitaxy (ALE) as a function of substrate temperature. Samples contained two quantum wells (QWs), each one made of alternate CdSe and ZnSe monolayers with total thickness of 12 ML but different growth parameters. The QWs were studied by low temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. We show that the Cd content of underlying CdSe layers is affected by the exposure of the quantum well film to the Zn flux during the growth of ZnSe monolayers. The amount of Cd of the quantum well film decreases with higher exposures to the Zn flux. A brief discussion about the difficulties to grow the Zn{sub 0.5}Cd{sub 0.5}Se ordered alloy (CuAu-I type) by ALE is presented.

Hernndez-Caldern, I. [Physics Department,Cinvestav, Ave. IPN2508, 07360, Mxico City, DF. (Mexico); Salcedo-Reyes, J. C. [Thin Films Group, Physics Department, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cr. 7 No. 43-82, Ed. 53, Lab. 404, Bogot, D.C. (Colombia)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Telescope Guiding with a HyViSI H2RG Used in Guide Mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on long exposure results obtained with a Teledyne HyViSI H2RG detector operating in guide mode. The sensor simultaneously obtained nearly seeing-limited data while also guiding the Kitt Peak 2.1 m telescope. Results from unguided and guided operation are presented and used to place lower limits on flux/fluence values for accurate centroid measurements. We also report on significant noise reduction obtained in recent laboratory measurements that should further improve guiding capability with higher magnitude stars.

Simms, Lance M.; /SLAC; Figerb, Donald F.; Hanold, Brandon J.; /Rochester Inst. Tech.; Kahn, Steven M.; Gilmore, D.Kirk; /SLAC

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

20

Analysis of the RNA-Editing Reaction of ADAR2 with Structural and Fluorescent Analogues of the GluR-B R/G Editing Site  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R-B R/G Editing Site Olen M. Stephens, Hye Young Yi-Brunozzi, and Peter A. Beal* Department of Chemistry

Beal, Peter A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Time evolution of relativistic d + Au and Au + Au collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The evolution of charged-particle production in collisions of heavy ions at relativistic energies is investigated as function of centrality in a nonequilibrium-statistical framework. Precise agreement with recent d + Au and Au + Au data at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV is found in a Relativistic Diffusion Model with three sources for particle production. Only the midrapidity source comes very close to local equilibrium, whereas the analyses of the overall pseudorapidity distributions show that the systems remain far from statistical equilibrium.

Georg Wolschin; Minoru Biyajima; Takuya Mizoguchi; Naomichi Suzuki

2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

22

Statistics of Single-Molecule Detection Jo1rg Enderlein,* David L. Robbins, W. Patrick Ambrose, Peter M. Goodwin, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistics of Single-Molecule Detection Jo1rg Enderlein,* David L. Robbins, W. Patrick Ambrose for the calculation of the photon detection statistics in single-molecule detection experiments is presented are applied to the modeling of measured burst size distributions in single-molecule detection experiments

Enderlein, Jörg

23

LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

81 81 § ¨ ¦ 81 LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON CALEDONIA HURON C REEK LEIC EST ER COL DEN ASH FORD INDIAN FALLS LAWTONS SAR DINIA RPD-037 -2 GLENWOOD PU LASKI PAVILION CON CORD COL LINS N ELM A ORC HARD PARK-H AMBU RG DANLEY CORNERS ST ILLWAT ER CHAFF EE-ARCAD E FAYETT E-WATERLOO LAKEVIEW JAVA SEN EC A W ELLER Y AU RORA E ZOAR BU FFALO TIOGA SILVER LAKE AKR ON ROM E RAT HBON E ALM A BET HANY WYOMING ULYSSES BR ANCH W SAN DY CREEK COL LINS BLOOMFIELD E LEBANON STATE LINE ALLEN CHUR CHVILLE BATH ATT ICA ELLI COT VILLE ROU LETT E BR ADFORD BU FFALO CREEK PEN N YAN N BEECH HILL-INDEPENDENC E GERRY-CH ARLOTTE STAGECOACH CHIPMUN K HEBRON VIN CENT BALD WI NSVILLE AKELEY OLEAN COWLESVILLE AN NIN SMET HPORT BR ADLEY BR OOK BU STI FIVE MILE BLOOMFIELD W SEN EC A FALLS NILE STAGECOACH LEWIS R UN BR ADFORD CAMDEN VAN ETT EN ROAN OKE SH ARON RICHBU RG FULTON N FINN EGAN H ILL TONAWANDA

24

Collective flow in Au + Au collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on a preliminary sample of Au + Au collisions in the EOS time projection chamber at the Bevalac, we study sideward flow as a function of bombarding energy between 0.25A GeV and 1.2A GeV. We focus on the increase in in-plane transverse momentum per nucleon with fragment mass. We also find event shapes to be close to spherical in the most central collisions, independent of bombarding energy and fragment mass up to {sup 4}He.

Ritter, H.G.; EOS Collaboration

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Measuring charge trap occupation and energy level in CdSe/ZnS quantum dots using a scanning tunneling microscope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a scanning tunneling microscope to probe single-electron charging phenomena in individual CdSe/ZnS (core/shell) quantum dots (QDs) at room temperature. The QDs are deposited on top of a bare Au thin film and form a ...

Bulovic, Vladimir

26

Acceptors in ZnO nanocrystals. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in ZnO nanocrystals. Abstract: Zinc oxide (ZnO) has potential for a range of optoelectronic applications. In this work, we studied the defect properties of ZnO nanocrystals,...

27

Potatoes Au Gratin Ingredients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Potatoes Au Gratin Ingredients: Non stick cooking spray 6 medium russet potatoes, peeled and sliced dish with non stick spray. Set aside. 2. Wash potatoes and place on cutting board. Starting at one end. Place about half of the potatoes in casserole dish. Sprinkle half of chopped onions on top. then half

Liskiewicz, Maciej

28

Annee 1999 presentee au  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ann´ee 1999 N d'or ¡ dre : 3565 TH `ESE pr´esent´ee au Laboratoire d'Analyse et d d'un robot mobile Soutenue le 16 d´ecembre 1999, devant le jury : Pr´esident Malik GHALLAB HAMEL Examinateur Michel COURDESSES Directeur de th`ese Philippe SOUERES Rapport LAAS N 99549 tel

Boyer, Edmond

29

ZnO nanoclusters: Synthesis and photoluminescence. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ZnO nanoclusters: Synthesis and photoluminescence. ZnO nanoclusters: Synthesis and photoluminescence. Abstract: ZnO nanoclusters were prepared and deposited at room temperature...

30

Multicolored ZnO Nanowire Architectures on Trenched Silicon Substrates Pu-Xian Gao,, J. L. Lee, and Zhong L. Wang*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nanoimprinting lithography by a low-temperature hydrothermal approach. Au nanoparticles or ZnO nanofilms were, for these techniques, major drawbacks include the postprocessed poly- crystalline structure, high processing cost architectures using low-temperature hydrothermal synthesis. Optically, 3D NW architectures exhibited unique

Wang, Zhong L.

31

E-Print Network 3.0 - au radon au Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 6 Inversion of the attenuated solstice transform Frank Natterer Summary: (x3, x1)dv (Rg)((), s) , (4) g(x3, x1) Rx3 fx3 ((),...

32

ZnO/Sn:In2O3 and ZnO/CdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ZnOSn:In2O3 and ZnOCdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber photovoltaics . ZnOSn:In2O3 and ZnOCdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber photovoltaics . Abstract: Band...

33

The effect of oxygen flow rate and radio frequency plasma power on cubic ZnMgO ultraviolet sensors grown by plasma-enhanced molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cubic Zn{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}O thin films were produced by Plasma-Enhanced Molecular Beam Epitaxy. Oxygen flow rate and applied Radio-Frequency (RF) plasma power were varied to investigate the impact on film growth and optoelectronic device performance. Solar-blind and visible-blind detectors were fabricated with metal-semiconductor-metal interdigitated Ni/Mg/Au contacts and responsivity is compared under different growth conditions. Increasing oxygen flow rate and RF plasma power increased Zn incorporation in the film, which leads to phase segregation at relatively high Zn/Mg ratio. Responsivity as high as 61 A/W was measured in phase-segregated ZnMgO visible-blind detectors.

Casey Boutwell, R.; Wei Ming; Schoenfeld, Winston V. [CREOL, College of Optics and Photonics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816-2700 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Jules Verne AU XXIXe SICLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

puissamment en aide à l'agriculture. En fournissant la force motrice aux appareils extraordinaires James'agriculture. En fournissant la force motrice aux appareils de navigation aérienne, ils ont permis au commerce de

Har?El, Zvi

35

Ultraviolet emission from a multi-layer graphene/MgZnO/ZnO light-emitting diode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on ultraviolet emission from a multi-layer graphene (MLG)/MgZnO/ZnO light-emitting diodes (LED). The p-type MLG and MgZnO in the MLG/MgZnO/ZnO LED are used as transparent hole injection and electron blocking layers, respectively. The current-voltage characteristics of the MLG/MgZnO/ZnO LED show that current transport is dominated by tunneling processes in the MgZnO barrier layer under forward bias conditions. The holes injected from p-type MLG recombine efficiently with the electrons accumulated in ZnO, and the MLG/MgZnO/ZnO LED shows strong ultraviolet emission from the band edge of ZnO and weak red-orange emission from the deep levels of ZnO.

Kang, Jang-Won; Choi, Yong-Seok; Goo Kang, Chang; Hun Lee, Byoung [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Byeong-Hyeok [Department of Nanobio Materials and Electronics, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Tu, C. W. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0407 (United States); Park, Seong-Ju, E-mail: sjpark@gist.ac.kr [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Nanobio Materials and Electronics, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

36

Zn?Zn Porphyrin Dimer-Sensitized Solar Cells: Toward 3-D Light Harvesting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Zn?Zn porphyrin dimers have been incorporated into thin dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) to boost their light harvesting efficiency. The photoexcited dimers show efficient and fast electron injection into TiO2 indicating that both photoexcited ...

Attila J. Mozer; Matthew J. Griffith; George Tsekouras; Pawel Wagner; Gordon G. Wallace; Shogo Mori; Kenji Sunahara; Masanori Miyashita; John C. Earles; Keith C. Gordon; Luchao Du; Ryuzi Katoh; Akihiro Furube; David L. Officer

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Universal RG Machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional Renormalization Group Equations constitute a powerful tool to encode the perturbative and non-perturbative properties of a physical system. We present an algorithm to systematically compute the expansion of such flow equations in a given background quantity specified by the approximation scheme. The method is based on off-diagonal heat-kernel techniques and can be implemented on a computer algebra system, opening access to complex computations in, e.g., Gravity or Yang-Mills theory. In a first illustrative example, we re-derive the gravitational $\\beta$-functions of the Einstein-Hilbert truncation, demonstrating their background-independence. As an additional result, the heat-kernel coefficients for transverse vectors and transverse-traceless symmetric matrices are computed to second order in the curvature.

Dario Benedetti; Kai Groh; Pedro F. Machado; Frank Saueressig

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

38

Total Petroleum Systems and Assessment Units (AU)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) and Assessment Units (AU) Field type Surface water Groundwater X X X X X X X X AU 00000003 Oil/ Gas X X X X X X X X Total X X X X X X X Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) and Assessment Units (AU) Field type Total undiscovered petroleum (MMBO or BCFG) Water per oil

Torgersen, Christian

39

Global polarization measurement in Au+Au collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The system created in non-central relativisticnucleus-nucleus collisions possesses large orbital angular momentum. Dueto spin-orbit coupling, particles produced in such a system could becomeglobally polarized along the direction of the system angular momentum. Wepresent the results of Lambda and anti-Lambda hyperon global polarizationmeasurements in Au+Au collisions at sqrt sNN=62.4 GeV and 200 GeVperformed with the STAR detector at RHIC. The observed globalpolarization of Lambda and anti-Lambda hyperons in the STAR acceptance isconsistent with zero within the precision of the measurements. Theobtained upper limit, lbar P Lambda, anti-Lambda rbar<= 0.02, iscompared to the theoretical values discussed recently in theliterature.

Abelev, B.I.; Adams, J.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett,J.; Anderson, B.D.; Anderson, M.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Bai,Y.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellingeri-Laurikainen, A.; Bellwied, R.; Benedosso, F.; Bhardwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A.K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, S.-L.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Bouchet, J.; Brandin, A.V.; Bravar, A.; Bystersky, M.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai,X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de la Barca Sanchez, M.; Castillo, J.; Catu,O.; Cebra, D.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen,H.F.; Chen, J.H.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cosentino, M.R.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford,H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; Daugherity, M.; de Moura, M.M.; Dedovich, T.G.; DePhillips, M.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Djawotho,P.; Dogra, S.M.; Dong, W.J.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Mazumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Edwards, W.R.; Efimov,L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch,E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Gaillard, L.; Ganti,M.S.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, J.S.; Gorbunov, Y.G.; Gos,H.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, S.M.; Guimaraes, K.S.F.F.; Guo,Y.; Gupta, N.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Haag, B.; Hallman, T.J.; Hamed, A.; Harris, J.W.; He, W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Hepplemann, S.; Hippolyte,B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffman, A.M.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Horner, M.J.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang, S.L.; Hughes, E.W.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Jacobs,P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Jakl, P.; Jia, F.; Jiang, H.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Khodyrev,V.Yu.; Kim, B.C.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Kislov, E.M.; Klein,S.R.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D.D.; et al.

2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

40

Measurement of charged particle multiplicity distribution in Au + Au collisions up to 200 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Au+Au collisions in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) herald a new era of opportunities for studying hadronic matter under conditions of high energy density and nucleon density. The theory of strong interactions, ...

Sarin, Pradeep, 1975-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Crystal structure of the hexagonal (Zn, Mg)4Ho and (Zn, Mg)4Er  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The crystal structure of the hexagonal (Zn, Mg)4Ho/Er was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. For the Zn68.4Mg12.7Ho18.9, the structural model, refined to a final R-value of 0.0672, has the composition of Zn69.34Mg12.01Ho18.65, a=14.259 and c=14.007, and the space group P63/mmc (No. 194). Among the 10 Zn, 2 Mg, and 4 Ho independent sites, 3 Zn sites are icosahedral coordinated whereas 1 Mg is located at the center of a CN15 Kasper deltahedron enclosed by 26 triangles and 15 vertices. In the ?100? directions, there are four interpenetrated icosahedra, I4(P), within an a period, constituting an icosahedral (001) layer block in half of the unit-cell. In the [001] direction, in addition to the two face-sharing icosahedra, I2(F), there is still a CN15 Kasper deltahedron. For the Zn70.8Mg10.6Er18.6, the final refinement led to a R-value of 0.0708. The atom coordinates are very close to those of above (Zn, Mg)4Ho, the largest difference between two corresponding coordinates being only 0.00086. Thus (Zn, Mg)4Er is iso-structural with (Zn, Mg)4Ho. This hexagonal (Zn, Mg)4RE phase has also been found in RE=Y, Sm, Gd, Dy, and Yb cases and they are probably also iso-structural with (Zn, Mg)4Ho/Er. This structure is icosahedrally closely related to the other two known, hexagonal, Zn-rich (Zn, Mg)nRE structures, namely, the Zn6Mg3Y/Sm/Gd [H. Takakura, A. Sato, A. Yamamoto, A.P. Tsai, Phil. Mag. Lett. 78 (1998) 263; K. Sugiyama, K. Yasuda, T. Ohsuna, K. Hiraga, Z. Kristallogr. 213 (1998) 537] and the Zn3MgY [D.W. Deng, K.H. Kuo, Z.P. Luo, D.J. Miller, M.J. Kramer, D.W. Dennis, J. Alloys Compd. 373 (2004) 156]. All these three hexagonal phases coexist with the icosahedral quasicrystal in the ZnMgRE alloys.

M.R. Li; D.W. Deng; K.H. Kuo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fe/Au Multilayers: Structure and Magnetoresistance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the magnetoresistance (MR) in two sets of Fe/Au multilayers, with varying (1) Fe layer thickness, t{sub Fe} = 3-10 nm, and (2) Au layer thickness t{sub Au} = 5-15 nm, grown on Si substrates by sputtering. The multilayer interface structure and magnetic properties were studied by polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR). The study was undertaken to understand the correlation between structure of these multilayers and their magneto-transport properties.

Singh, Surendra; Basu, Saibal; Bhattacharya, D. [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India); Prajapat, C. L. [Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India); Gupta, M. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452 017 (India)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

ZnTe: Gibbs free energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This document is part of Volume 44 Semiconductors, Subvolume B New Data and Updates for II-VI Compounds of Landolt-Brnstein Group III Condensed Matter. It contains data on ZnTe (zinc telluride), Element...

J. Gutowski; K. Sebald; T. Voss

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

AU Organization Chart | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

3, 2014 AU Organization Chart - October 3, 2014 More Documents & Publications USW Health Safety and Environment Conference - HSS Workshop Focus Group Meeting (Activities...

45

E-Print Network 3.0 - au bonded structures Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of non-helical Au... induce structural transitions between Au(n, n) and Au(2n, n) nanotubes. The corresponding energy barriers... Au(n, n) and Au(2n, n) decreases ......

46

Ion Distribution And Electronic Stopping Power For Au ions In...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Distribution And Electronic Stopping Power For Au ions In Silicon Carbide. Ion Distribution And Electronic Stopping Power For Au ions In Silicon Carbide. Abstract: Accurate...

47

Lattice Distortions and Oxygen Vacancies Produced in Au+-Irradiated...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lattice Distortions and Oxygen Vacancies Produced in Au+-Irradiated Nanocrystalline Cubic Zirconia. Lattice Distortions and Oxygen Vacancies Produced in Au+-Irradiated...

48

Alternating Current Driven Electroluminescence from ZnSe/ZnS:Mn/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phosphor impurity dopants in ZnSe or other wide band gap host nanocrystals. Lumines- cence of CdS of alternating current thin-film electroluminescent (AC-TFEL) devices using phosphor-doped nanocrystals-TFEL devices consist of a phosphor layer, such as manganese-doped zinc sulfide (ZnS:Mn), vertically sandwiched

49

Structures of nanowires with Zn-ZnO:CuO junctions for detecting ethanol vapors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The synthesis of ZnO-ZnO:CuO structures in the form of overlapping layers of nanowires of pure and copper oxide-doped zinc oxide is described. These structures are tested as ethanol vapor sensors. The following t...

T. V. Peshkova; D. Ts. Dimitrov; S. S. Nalimova; I. E. Kononova

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Study of asymmetries of Cd(Zn)Te devices investigated using photo-induced current transient spectroscopy, Rutherford backscattering, surface photo-voltage spectroscopy, and gamma ray spectroscopies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite these recent advancements in preparing the surface of Cd(Zn)Te devices for detector applications, large asymmetries in the electronic properties of planar Cd(Zn)Te detectors are common. Furthermore, for the development of patterned electrode geometries, selection of each electrode surface is crucial for minimizing dark current in the device. This investigation presented here has been carried out with three objectives. Each objective is oriented towards establishing reliable methods for the selection of the anode and cathode surfaces independent of the crystallographic orientation. The objectives of this study are (i) investigate how the asymmetry in I-V characteristics of Cd(Zn)Te devices may be associated with the TeO2 interfacial layer using Rutherford backscattering to study the structure at the Au-Cd(Zn)Te interface, (ii) develop an understanding of how the concentration of the active traps in Cd(Zn)Te varies with the external bias, and (iii) propose non-destructive methods for selection of the anode and cathode which are independent of crystallographic orientation. The spectroscopic methods employed in this investigation include Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, photo-induced current transient spectroscopy, and surface photo-voltage spectroscopy, as well as gamma ray spectroscopy to demonstrate the influence on detector properties.

Crocco, J.; Bensalah, H.; Zheng, Q.; Dieguez, E. [Crystal Growth Laboratory, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid Spain (Spain); Corregidor, V.; Avles, E. [Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear UFA, Sacavem (Portugal); Castaldini, A.; Fraboni, B.; Cavalcoli, D.; Cavallini, A. [PHoS Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Vela, O. [Centro de Investigacion Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT), Madrid (Spain)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Interaction of CO with Surface PdZn Alloys. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pd(111) surface resulting in the formation of an ordered surface PdZn alloy. Carbon monoxide was found to bond more weakly to the ZnPd(111) alloy surfaces compared to clean...

52

Acceptors in ZnO nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zinc oxide (ZnO) has potential for a range of optoelectronic applications. In this work, we studied the defect properties of ZnO nanocrystals, grown by a solid-state pyrolytic reaction method, using IR and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. A series of IR absorption peaks have been observed at liquid-helium temperatures. These transition lines suggest a hydrogenic acceptor with a hole binding energy of ~ 0.4 - 0.5 eV. EPR measurements in the dark showed the well-known donor line at g = 1.96, and a line at g = 2.003, which we attribute to acceptors that involve a zinc vacancy. A line at g = 2.013, only seen after exposure to light, is assigned to nonaxial zinc vacancy-hydrogen complexes. Given the current lack of suitable acceptor dopants in ZnO, vacancy complexes may provide the best route toward p-type conductivity.

Teklemichael, Samuel T.; Oo, W.M.H.; Matthew, McClusky; Walter, Eric D.; Hoyt, David W.

2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

53

Magnetism in Dopant-Free ZnO Nanoplates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetism in Dopant-Free ZnO Nanoplates ... We found that the chemically synthesized ZnO nanoplates exhibit magnetism even at room temperature. ... First-principles calculations show a growing asymmetry in the spin distribution within the distorted bands formed from Zn (3d) and O (2p) orbitals with the reduction of thickness of the ZnO nanoplates, which is suggested to be responsible for the observed magnetism. ...

Jung-Il Hong; Jiil Choi; Seung Soon Jang; Jiyeong Gu; Yangling Chang; Gregory Wortman; Robert L. Snyder; Zhong Lin Wang

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

54

E-Print Network 3.0 - application au calcul Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

As a result, investigations in potential applications of Au... of the different reduction kinetics of Au and Pt ions.7 In addition, theoretical calculations also suggest that Au......

55

Charge Particle Multiplicity and Transverse Energy Measurements in Au-Au collisions in PHENIX at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results on charged particle and transverse energy densities measured at mid-rapidity in Au-Au collisions at sqrt(s_{NN})=200 GeV. The mean transverse energy per charged particle is derived. The results are presented as a function of centrality, which is defined by the number of participating nucleons, and compared to results obtained in Au-Au collisions at sqrt{s_{NN})=130 GeV. A comparison with calculations from various theoretical models is performed.

A. Bazilevsky; for the PHENIX Collaboration

2002-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

56

DFT study on cysteine adsorption mechanism on Au(111) and Au(110)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Periodic density functional theory calculations were used to investigate relevant aspects of adsorption mechanisms of cysteine dimers in protonated form on Au(111) and Au(110) surfaces. The projected densities of states are explicitly discussed for all main chemical groups of cysteine, i.e. the amino group (NH2), the thiol group (SH) and the carboxylic group (COOH) to identify differences in adsorption mechanism. Special emphasis is put on the analysis of changes in the electronic structure of molecules adsorbed on Au(111) and Au(110) surfaces as well as the accompanying charge transfer mechanisms at molecule-substrate interaction.

Buimaga-Iarinca, Luiza; Floare, Calin G.; Calborean, Adrian; Turcu, Ioan [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

57

Development of a Solar-Thermal ZnO/Zn Water-Splitting Thermochemical...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Development of a Solar-thermal ZnOZn Water-splitting Thermochemical Cycle Final Report (DE-PS36-03GO93007 - Subcontract RF-05-SHGR-006) Alan W. Weimer (PI), Christopher Perkins,...

58

La microfinance au Gabon : l'accs des femmes au microcrdit dans le projet d'appui au dveloppement du microcrdit au Gabon (PADMG).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Ce mmoire de recherche est une tude descriptive dont le but est d'valuer comment l'accs au microcrdit permet aux femmes de Tchibanga bnficiaires du Programme (more)

Kacou-Amondji, Hyacine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Ferromagnetism in CuO-ZnO multilayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the magnetic properties of CuO-ZnO heterostructures to elucidate the origin of the ferromagnetic signature in Cu doped ZnO. The CuO and ZnO layer thickness were varied from 15 to 150 nm and from 70 to 350 nm, respectively. Rutherford backscattering experiments showed no significant diffusion of either Cu in ZnO or Zn in CuO layers. Magnetic measurements indicate ferromagnetism at 300 K, which depends on the CuO particle size, but not on the CuO-ZnO interfacial area. Polarized neutron reflectometry measurements show that the observed magnetization cannot be accounted for solely by spins localized near the CuO-ZnO interface or in the CuO layer.

Sudakar, C.; Padmanabhan, K.; Naik, R.; Lawes, G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201 (United States); Kirby, B. J. [NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Kumar, Sanjiv [NCCCM, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, ECIL Post, Hyderabad 500062 (India); Naik, V. M. [Department of Natural Sciences, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, Michigan 48128 (United States)

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

60

Synthesis and spectroscopic characterisation of aurichalcite (Zn,Cu2+)5(CO3)2(OH)6; implications for CuZnO catalyst precursors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The CuZnO catalyst precursors with variable Cu:Zn ratio, between Zn-rich and Cu-rich compositions have been investigated by a combination of electronic and vibrational spectroscopy. Synthesized catalyst precu...

B. Jagannadha Reddy; Ray Leslie Frost; Ashley Locke

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Systematic Measurements of Identified Particle Spectra in pp, d+Au and Au+Au Collisions from STAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Identified charged particle spectra of {pi}{sup {+-}}, K{sup {+-}}, p and {bar p} at mid-rapidity (|y| < 0.1) measured by the dE/dx method in the STAR-TPC are reported for pp and d + Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV and for Au + Au collisions at 62.4 GeV, 130 GeV, and 200 GeV. Average transverse momenta, total particle production, particle yield ratios, strangeness and baryon production rates are investigated as a function of the collision system and centrality. The transverse momentum spectra are found to be flatter for heavy particles than for light particles in all collision systems; the effect is more prominent for more central collisions. The extracted average transverse momentum of each particle species follows a trend determined by the total charged particle multiplicity density. The Bjorken energy density estimate is at least several GeV/fm{sub 3} for a formation time less than 1 fm/c. A significantly larger net-baryon density and a stronger increase of the net-baryon density with centrality are found in Au + Au collisions at 62.4 GeV than at the two higher energies. Antibaryon production relative to total particle multiplicity is found to be constant over centrality, but increases with the collision energy. Strangeness production relative to total particle multiplicity is similar at the three measured RHIC energies. Relative strangeness production increases quickly with centrality in peripheral Au + Au collisions, to a value about 50% above the pp value, and remains rather constant in more central collisions. Bulk freeze-out properties are extracted from thermal equilibrium model and hydrodynamics-motivated blast-wave model fits to the data. Resonance decays are found to have little effect on the extracted kinetic freeze-out parameters due to the transverse momentum range of our measurements. The extracted chemical freeze-out temperature is constant, independent of collision system or centrality; its value is close to the predicted phase-transition temperature, suggesting that chemical freeze-out happens in the vicinity of hadronization and the chemical freezeout temperature is universal despite the vastly different initial conditions in the collision systems. The extracted kinetic freeze-out temperature, while similar to the chemical freeze-out temperature in pp, d + Au, and peripheral Au + Au collisions, drops significantly with centrality in Au + Au collisions, whereas the extracted transverse radial flow velocity increases rapidly with centrality. There appears to be a prolonged period of particle elastic scatterings from chemical to kinetic freeze-out in central Au + Au collisions. The bulk properties extracted at chemical and kinetic freeze-out are observed to evolve smoothly over the measured energy range, collision systems, and collision centralities.

STAR Coll

2009-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

62

Defect induced ferromagnetism in undoped ZnO nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Undoped ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) with size ?12?nm were produced using forced hydrolysis methods using diethylene glycol (DEG) [called ZnO-I] or denatured ethanol [called ZnO-II] as the reaction solvent; both using Zn acetate dehydrate as precursor. Both samples showed weak ferromagnetic behavior at 300?K with saturation magnetization M{sub s}?=?0.077 0.002 memu/g and 0.088 0.013 memu/g for ZnO-I and ZnO-II samples, respectively. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra showed that ZnO-I nanocrystals had DEG fragments linked to their surface. Photoluminescence (PL) data showed a broad emission near 500?nm for ZnO-II which is absent in the ZnO-I samples, presumably due to the blocking of surface traps by the capping molecules. Intentional oxygen vacancies created in the ZnO-I NPs by annealing at 450?C in flowing Ar gas gradually increased M{sub s} up to 90?min and x-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) suggested that oxygen vacancies may have a key role in the observed changes in M{sub s}. Finally, PL spectra of ZnO showed the appearance of a blue/violet emission, attributed to Zn interstitials, whose intensity changes with annealing time, similar to the trend seen for M{sub s}. The observed variation in the magnetization of ZnO NP with increasing Ar annealing time seems to depend on the changes in the number of Zn interstitials and oxygen vacancies.

Rainey, K.; Chess, J.; Eixenberger, J.; Tenne, D. A.; Hanna, C. B.; Punnoose, A., E-mail: apunnoos@boisestate.edu [Department of Physics, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho 83725 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

63

Comparison Between Simulated And Experimental Au-ion Profiles...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

irradiation. The Au ion profiling was measured by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and compared to the Au ion distribution predicted by the Stopping and Range of Ions in...

64

Au nanostructures: an emerging prospect in cancer theranostics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Au nanoparticles have been used in biomedical applications since ancient times. However, the rapid development of nanotechnology over the past century has led to recognition of the great potential of Au nanopa...

Xin Nie; ChunYing Chen

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Defect- and Strain-enhanced Cavity Formation and Au Precipitation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Defect- and Strain-enhanced Cavity Formation and Au Precipitation at nano-crystalline ZrO2SiO2Si Interfaces . Defect- and Strain-enhanced Cavity Formation and Au Precipitation at...

66

Identified particle distributions in pp and Au+Au collisions atsqrt sNN=200 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transverse mass and rapidity distributions for charged pions, charged kaons, protons and antiprotons are reported for {radical}sNN = 200 GeV pp and Au+Au collisions at RHIC. The transverse mass distributions are rapidity independent within |y| < 0.5, consistent with a boost-invariant system in this rapidity interval. Spectral shapes and relative particle yields are similar in pp and peripheral Au+Au collisions and change smoothly to central Au+Au collisions. No centrality dependence was observed in the kaon and antiproton production rates relative to the pion production rate from medium-central to central collisions. Chemical and kinetic equilibrium model fits to our data reveal strong radial flow and relatively long duration from chemical to kinetic freeze-out in central Au+Au collisions. The chemical freeze-out temperature appears to be independent of initial conditions at RHIC energies.

Adams, J.; Adler, C.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, B.D.; Anderson, M; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Badyal,S.K.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele,S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, B.I.; Bhardwaj,S.; Bhaskar, P.; Bhati, A.K.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.; Bravar,A.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de la Barca Sanchez,M.; Carroll, J.; Castillo, J.; Castro, M.; Cebra, D.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, Y.; Chernenko, S.P.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, B.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dubey, A.K.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Efimov,L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faine, V.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Flierl, D.; Foley, K.J.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Ganti, M.S.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Gagunashvili, N.; Gans, J.; Gaudichet, L.; Germain, M.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, J.E.; Grachov, O.; Grigoriev, V.; Cronstal, S.; Grosnick, D.; Guedon, M.; Guertin, S.M.; Gupta, A.; Gushin, E.; Hallman, T.J.; Hardtke, D.; Harris,J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Heppelmann, S.; Herston, T.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Horsley, M.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang,S.L.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Johnson, I.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kaneta, M.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Klyachko, A.; Koetke, D.D.; Kollegger, T.; Konstantinov, A.S.; Kopytine,S.M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kovalenko, A.D.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger,K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kumar, A.; et al.

2003-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

67

Local Thermalization in the d + Au System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The extent of a locally equilibrated parton plasma in d + Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV is investigated as a function of collision centrality in a nonequilibrium-statistical framework. Based on a three-sources model, analytical solutions of a relativistic diffusion equation are in precise agreement with recent data for charged-particle pseudorapidity distributions. The moving midrapidity source indicates the size of the local thermal equilibrium region after hadronization. In central d + Au collisions it contains about 19% of the produced particles, and its relative importance rises with decreasing centrality.

Georg Wolschin; Minoru Biyajima; Takuya Mizoguchi; Naomichi Suzuki

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

68

Strong circular photogalvanic effect in ZnO epitaxial films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A strong circular photogalvanic effect (CPGE) in ZnO epitaxial films was reported under interband excitation. It was observed that CPGE current is as large as 100 nA/W in ZnO, which is about one order in magnitude higher than that in InN film while the CPGE currents in GaN films are not detectable. The possible reasons for the above observations are the strong spin orbit coupling in ZnO or the inversed valence band structure of ZnO.

Zhang, Q.; Wang, X. Q.; Yin, C. M.; Shen, B. [State Key Laboratory of Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Chen, Y. H.; Chang, K. [Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, Institute of Semiconductors, CAS, Beijing 100083 (China); Ge, W. K. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

69

Au/MxOy/TiO2 catalysts for CO oxidation: promotional effect of main-group, transition, and rare-earth metal oxide additives.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Au/TiO2 catalysts are active for CO oxidation, but they suffer from high-temperature sintering of the gold particles, and few attempts have been made to promote or stabilize Au/TiO2. Our recent communication addressed these issues by loading gold onto Al2O3/TiO2 prepared via surface-sol-gel processing of Al(sec-OC4H9)3 on TiO2. In our current full paper, Au/Al2O3/TiO2 catalysts were prepared alternatively by thermal decomposition of Al(NO3)3 on TiO2 followed by loading gold, and the influences of the decomposition temperature and Al2O3 content were systematically surveyed. This facile method was subsequently extended to the preparation of a battery of metal oxide-modified Au/TiO2 catalysts virtually not reported. It was found that Au/TiO2 modified by CaO, NiO, ZnO, Ga2O3, Y2O3, ZrO2, La2O3, Pr2O3, Nd2O3, Sm2O3, Eu2O3, Gd2O3, Dy2O3, Ho2O3, Er2O3, or Yb2O3 could retain significant activity at ambient temperature even after aging in O2-He at 500 C, whereas unmodified Au/TiO2 lost its activity. Moreover, some 200 C-calcined promoted catalysts showed high activity even at about -100 C. The deactivation and regeneration of some of these new catalysts were studied. This work furnished novel catalysts for further fundamental and applied research.

Ma, Zhen [ORNL; Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Surface effects on the radiation response of nanoporous Au foams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on an experimental and simulation campaign aimed at exploring the radiation response of nanoporous Au (np-Au) foams. We find different defect accumulation behavior by varying radiation dose-rate in ion-irradiated np-Au foams. Stacking fault tetrahedra are formed when np-Au foams are irradiated at high dose-rate, but they do not seem to be formed in np-Au at low dose-rate irradiation. A model is proposed to explain the dose-rate dependent defect accumulation based on these results.

Fu, E. G.; Caro, M.; Wang, Y. Q.; Baldwin, K.; Caro, A. [Materials Science in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Zepeda-Ruiz, L. A. [Physical and Life Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Bringa, E. [CONICET and Instituto de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Mendoza 5500 (Argentina); Nastasi, M. [Nebraska Center for Energy Sciences Research, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68508 (United States)

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

71

w.it.uts.edu.au INTERNATIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of research into subject design and integration into the curricula. Leaders in Artificial Intelligence\\ 2 COURSE GUIDE 2013 w w w.it.uts.edu.au UTS: INFORM ATION TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL UNDERGRADUATE with strong links to the IT industry our courses are current, relevant and are designed to meet

University of Technology, Sydney

72

NONLINEAR OPTICAL EFFECTS IN ROTATIONALLY-TWINNED CRYSTALS: AN EVALUATION OF CdTe, ZnTe AND ZnSe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

405 NONLINEAR OPTICAL EFFECTS IN ROTATIONALLY-TWINNED CRYSTALS: AN EVALUATION OF CdTe, ZnTe AND Zn une loi en N2. On discutera les avantages potentiels en optique non linéaire des cristaux de CdTe, Zn-spaced twin planes the enhancement is proportional to N2. A comparison is made between CdTe, ZnTe, and Zn

Boyer, Edmond

73

Optical/electrical correlations in ZnO: the plasmonic resonance...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Opticalelectrical correlations in ZnO: the plasmonic resonance phase diagram. Opticalelectrical correlations in ZnO: the plasmonic resonance phase diagram. Abstract: Following...

74

Organic Molecule Functionalized Zn3P2 Nanowire Inorganic-Organic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Organic Molecule Functionalized Zn3P2 Nanowire Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Thermoelectrics Organic Molecule Functionalized Zn3P2 Nanowire Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Thermoelectrics...

75

Thermokinetic investigation of binary Cu/Zn hydroxycarbonates as precursors for Cu/ZnO catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A combination of thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) coupled to mass spectrometry has been applied to study the thermal decomposition of Cu/Zn hydroxycarbonates, which are used as a precursor for the active methanol synthesis catalyst. Original TG and DSC profiles and results of a formal kinetic analysis of the calcination process are compared with transformations occurring in the solid phase, which has been studied by means of in situ XRD. A series of hydroxycarbonate precursors with different Cu/Zn molar ratios (40/60, 70/30, 80/20) were synthesized under conditions reported as optimum for catalytic performance. The samples contain primarily two crystalline phases, aurichalcite (Cu,Zn)5(CO3)2(OH)6 and zincian malachite (Cu,Zn)2CO3(OH)2. At least four formal decomposition stages of CO2 and H2O evolution cause the major mass loss in the TG experiments. The best-fit quality for all the studied samples was obtained for a four-step competitive reaction model. The experimental TG dependences are adequately described by the n-th order equation and 3D Jander diffusion equation. The effects of the gas flow, sample mass, and water transfer conditions on the reaction pathway were studied. The presence of H2O vapor in the reaction feed accelerates the decomposition and dramatically changes the reaction TG profile. The decomposition enthalpy of mixed Cu/Zn (80/20) hydroxycarbonate was determined, and the formation enthalpy of the decomposition intermediate, a carbonate-modified oxide, was calculated to be ?Hf=?633.75.6kJ/mol.

Andrey Tarasov; Julia Schumann; Frank Girgsdies; Nygil Thomas; Malte Behrens

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Neutral nitrogen acceptors in ZnO: The {sup 67}Zn hyperfine interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) is used to characterize the {sup 67}Zn hyperfine interactions associated with neutral nitrogen acceptors in zinc oxide. Data are obtained from an n-type bulk crystal grown by the seeded chemical vapor transport method. Singly ionized nitrogen acceptors (N{sup ?}) initially present in the crystal are converted to their paramagnetic neutral charge state (N{sup 0}) during exposure at low temperature to 442 or 633?nm laser light. The EPR signals from these N{sup 0} acceptors are best observed near 5?K. Nitrogen substitutes for oxygen ions and has four nearest-neighbor cations. The zinc ion along the [0001] direction is referred to as an axial neighbor and the three equivalent zinc ions in the basal plane are referred to as nonaxial neighbors. For axial neighbors, the {sup 67}Zn hyperfine parameters are A{sub ?}?=?37.0?MHz and A{sub ?}?=?8.4?MHz with the unique direction being [0001]. For nonaxial neighbors, the {sup 67}Zn parameters are A{sub 1}?=?14.5?MHz, A{sub 2}?=?18.3?MHz, and A{sub 3}?=?20.5?MHz with A{sub 3} along a [101{sup }0] direction (i.e., in the basal plane toward the nitrogen) and A{sub 2} along the [0001] direction. These {sup 67}Zn results and the related {sup 14}N hyperfine parameters provide information about the distribution of unpaired spin density at substitutional neutral nitrogen acceptors in ZnO.

Golden, E. M.; Giles, N. C., E-mail: Nancy.Giles@afit.edu [Department of Engineering Physics, Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States); Evans, S. M.; Halliburton, L. E. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

77

ZnS-Graphene nanocomposite: Synthesis, characterization and optical properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A ZnS-Graphene nanocomposite was prepared by a facile one-step hydrothermal method using zinc nitrate hexahydrate, ethylenediamine and carbon disulfide as precursors, graphene oxide as a template. The composite was characterized by X-ray power diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared, Raman spectra and fluorescence spectroscopy. The results show that graphene oxide was reduced to graphene in the hydrothermal reaction process. Simultaneously, the graphene sheets in the composite are exfoliated and decorated with ZnS nanoparticles. Furthermore, Raman and fluorescence properties of the composite were observed. ZnS-Graphene nanocomposite displays surface-enhanced Raman scattering activity for graphene oxide, and fluorescence enhancement property compared with pure ZnS sample. - Graphical abstract: Approach of reaction makes the reduction of grapheme oxide and the deposition of Zns on the grapheme sheets occur simultaneously and overcomes the aggregation of the grapheme sheets and Zns. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Graphene oxide is reduced to graphene in the hydrothermal reaction process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ZnS nanoparticles are attached onto the almost transparent graphene sheets. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ZnS-Graphene system shows surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ZnS-Graphene system displays relatively better fluorescence property than pure ZnS.

Pan Shugang [Key Laboratory for Soft Chemistry and Functional Materials, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210094 (China); Liu Xiaoheng, E-mail: xhliu@mail.njust.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Soft Chemistry and Functional Materials, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210094 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

Fluorescent Sensors for Zn2+ Based on a Fluorescein Platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluorescent Sensors for Zn2+ Based on a Fluorescein Platform: Synthesis, Properties fluorescent sensors for Zn2+ that utilize fluorescein as a reporting group, Zinpyr-1 and Zinpyr-2, have been. Both Zinpyr sensors have excitation and emission wavelengths in the visible range (500 nm

Tsien, Roger Y.

79

Aerogel tempelated ZnO dye-sensitized solar cells.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atomic layer deposition is employed to conformally coat low density, high surface area aerogel films with ZnO. The ZnO/aerogel membranes are incorporated as photoanodes in dye-sensitized solar cells, which exhibit excellent power efficiencies of up to 2.4% under 100 mW cm{sup -2} light intensity.

Hamann, T. W.; Martinson , A. B. E.; Elam, J. W.; Pellin, M. J.; Hupp, J. T.; Materials Science Division; Northwestern Univ.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Pressure-induced crystallization of vitreous ZnCl2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In situ Raman scattering measurements have been obtained for vitreous ZnCl2 compressed isothermally to 25 GPa. The Raman spectra indicate that, in contrast to other tetrahedral framework glasses, when compressed at room temperature glassy ZnCl2 crystallizes to the high-pressure CdCl2-structured phase between 2.3 and 3.0 GPa; on decompression, the high-pressure phase remains until 1.1 GPa, where it then reverts to ?-ZnCl2. On recompression the ?-ZnCl2 phase converts to the CdCl2 phase at 2.5 GPa and backtransforms at 1.1 GPa upon decompression. We suggest that a density-driven phase separation in the supercooled liquid regime underlies the amorphous-to-crystalline transition of ZnCl2 and other glassy materials.

Cynthia H. Polsky; Luz Maria Martinez; Kurt Leinenweber; Mary A. VerHelst; C. Austen Angell; George H. Wolf

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Probing the Reaction Intermediates for the Water-Gas Shift over Inverse CeOx/Au(111) Catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The water-gas shift (WGS) is an important reaction for the production of molecular H{sub 2} from CO and H{sub 2}O. An inverse CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) catalyst exhibits a very good WGS activity, better than that of copper surfaces or Cu nanoparticles dispersed on a ZnO(0 0 0 {bar 1}) substrate which model current WGS industrial catalysts. In this work we report on intermediates likely to arise during the CO + H{sub 2}O reaction over CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) using soft X-ray photoemission (sXPS) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). Several potential intermediates including formates (HCOO), carbonates (CO{sub 3}) and carboxylates (HOCO) are considered. Adsorption of HCOOH and CO{sub 2} is used to create both HCOO and CO{sub 3} on the CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) surface, respectively. HCOO appears to have greater stability with desorption temperatures up to 600 K while CO{sub 3} only survives on the surface up to 300 K. On the CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) catalysts, the presence of Ce{sup 3+} leads to the dissociation of H{sub 2}O to give OH groups. We demonstrate experimentally that the OH species are stable on the surface up to 600 K and interact with CO to yield weakly bound intermediates. When there is an abundance of Ce{sup 4+}, the OH concentration is diminished and the likely intermediates are carbonates. As the surface defects are increased and the Ce{sup 3+}/Ce{sup 4+} ratio grows, the OH concentration also grows and both carbonate and formate species are observed on the surface after dosing CO to H{sub 2}O/CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1). The addition of ceria nanoparticles to Au(1 1 1) is essential to generate an active WGS catalyst and to increase the production and stability of key reaction intermediates (OH, HCOO and CO{sub 3}).

Rodriguez, J.A.; Senanayake, S.D.; Stacchiola, D.; Evans, J.; Estrella, M.; Barrio-Pliego, L.; Prez, M.; Hrbek, J.

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

82

Probing the Reaction Intermediates for the Watergas Shift over Inverse CeOx / Au(1 1 1) Catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The water-gas shift (WGS) is an important reaction for the production of molecular H{sub 2} from CO and H{sub 2}O. An inverse CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) catalyst exhibits a very good WGS activity, better than that of copper surfaces or Cu nanoparticles dispersed on a ZnO(0 0 0 {bar 1}) substrate which model current WGS industrial catalysts. In this work we report on intermediates likely to arise during the CO + H{sub 2}O reaction over CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) using soft X-ray photoemission (sXPS) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). Several potential intermediates including formates (HCOO), carbonates (CO{sub 3}) and carboxylates (HOCO) are considered. Adsorption of HCOOH and CO{sub 2} is used to create both HCOO and CO{sub 3} on the CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) surface, respectively. HCOO appears to have greater stability with desorption temperatures up to 600 K while CO{sub 3} only survives on the surface up to 300 K. On the CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) catalysts, the presence of Ce{sup 3+} leads to the dissociation of H{sub 2}O to give OH groups. We demonstrate experimentally that the OH species are stable on the surface up to 600 K and interact with CO to yield weakly bound intermediates. When there is an abundance of Ce{sup 4+}, the OH concentration is diminished and the likely intermediates are carbonates. As the surface defects are increased and the Ce{sup 3+}/Ce{sup 4+} ratio grows, the OH concentration also grows and both carbonate and formate species are observed on the surface after dosing CO to H{sub 2}O/CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1). The addition of ceria nanoparticles to Au(1 1 1) is essential to generate an active WGS catalyst and to increase the production and stability of key reaction intermediates (OH, HCOO and CO{sub 3}).

Senanayake, S.; Stacchiola, D; Evans, J; Estrella, M; Barrio, L; Perez, M; Hrbek, J; Rodriguez, J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} - two new Ae-Zn-Sn polar intermetallic compounds (Ae: alkaline earth metal)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}, two closely related new polar intermetallic compounds, were obtained by high temperature reactions of the elements. Their crystal structures were determined with single crystal XRD methods, and their electronic structures were analyzed by means of DFT calculations. The Zn-Sn structure part of SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} comprises (anti-)PbO-like {l_brace}ZnSn{sub 4/4}{r_brace} and {l_brace}SnZn{sub 4/4}{r_brace} layers. Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} shows similar {l_brace}ZnSn{sub 4/4}{r_brace} layers and {l_brace}Sn{sub 4}Zn{r_brace} slabs constructed of a covalently bonded Sn scaffold capped by Zn atoms. For both phases, the two types of layers are alternatingly stacked and interconnected via Zn-Sn bonds. SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} adopts the SrPd{sub 2}Bi{sub 2} structure type, and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} is isotypic to the R{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Ge{sub 6} compounds (R=La, Ce, Pr, Nd). Band structure calculations indicate that both SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} are metallic. Analyses of the chemical bonding with the electron localization function (ELF) show lone pair like basins at Sn atoms and Zn-Sn bonding interactions between the layers for both title phases, and covalent Sn-Sn bonding within the {l_brace}Sn{sub 4}Zn{r_brace} layers of Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}. - Graphical abstract: Crystal structures of the new Ae-Zn-Sn polar intermetallic phases SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New polar intermetallic phases SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Obtained by high temperature reactions of the elements. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Single crystal XRD structure determination and DFT electronic structure calculations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Closely related crystal and electronic structures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Metallic conductivity coexisting with lone pairs and covalent bonding features.

Stegmaier, Saskia [Department Chemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching (Germany); Faessler, Thomas F., E-mail: Thomas.Faessler@lrz.tum.de [Department Chemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching (Germany)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

Novel Type-II Zn3P2/ZnO Core/Shell Nanowires: Synthesis, Characteristic, and Photoluminescence Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Besides this, Zn3P2 has many other advantageous physical properties in serving as a photovolatic material, such as a large optical absorption coefficient (>104 cm?1), long minority carrier diffusion length (?13 ?m), abundant and cheap constituent materials, etc.(22, 23) Zinc oxide (ZnO), with a wide direct bandgap of 3.2?3.4 ...

Peicai Wu; Tuo Sun; Yu Dai; Yanghui Sun; Yu Ye; Lun Dai

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

85

Photoluminescence properties of ZnS/CdS/ZnS quantum dotquantum wells doped with Ag+ ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enhanced photoluminescence and postirradiation luminescence is reported from Ag+-doping ZnS/CdS/ZnS quantum dotquantum wells (QDQWs)...2O/Heptane system, the size of a QDQW was estimated to be ~6nm. Compared to...

Hua Qu; Lixin Cao; Wei Liu; Ge Su; Bohua Dong; Hui Zhai

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

GaN/ZnO and AlGaN/ZnO heterostructure LEDs: growth, fabrication, optical and electrical characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radiation hardness than Si, GaAs, CdS and GaN, therefore it should be suitable for space applications. Last novel optoelectronic devices circumventing the problem of p-type doping of ZnO. In such Al devices become reality: the problem of p-type doping of ZnO. So far, there is no way to reliably produce

Wetzel, Christian M.

87

Two dimensional electron gases in polycrystalline MgZnO/ZnO heterostructures grown by rf-sputtering process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports the formation of two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) in rf-sputtered defective polycrystalline MgZnO/ZnO heterostructure via the screening of grain boundary potential by polarization-induced charges. As the MgZnO thickness increases, the sheet resistance reduces rapidly and then saturates. The enhancement of the interfacial polarization effect becomes stronger, corresponding to a larger amount of resistance reduction, when the Mg content in the cap layer increases. Monte Carlo method by including grain boundary scattering effect as well as 2D finite-element-method Poisson and drift-diffusion solver is applied to analyze the polycrystalline heterostructure. The experimental and Monte Carlo simulation results show good agreement. From low temperature Hall measurement, the carrier density and mobility are both independent of temperature, indicating the formation of 2DEG with roughness scattering at the MgZnO/ZnO interface.

Chin, Huai-An; Cheng, I-Chun; Huang, Chih-I; Wu, Yuh-Renn [Department of Electrical Engineering and Graduate Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Lu, Wen-Sen; Lee, Wei-Li [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Chen, Jian Z. [Institute of Applied Mechanics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Chiu, Kuo-Chuang; Lin, Tzer-Shen [Material and Chemical Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 31040, Taiwan (China)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

Low-energy muon [LEM] study of Zn-phthalocyanine and ZnO thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Implantation of low-energy muons in zinc-phthalocyanine (ZnPc) thin-films leads to the formation of muoniated radical states, the fast decaying of the ? SR signal at low fields being a clear indication of muonium formation. The formation probability of these paramagnetic states is independent of the implantation depth and amounts, as in the bulk, to approximately 100% of all muons. In these molecular crystals the formation of muonium is a highly local effect and is fairly independent of crystalline structure and defects in the sample. In contrast to that, in vapour-grown ZnO films the paramagnetic signal known from bulk experiments is not observed, even for the deeper implantations. We suggest that in this case muonium is not formed due to the low concentration of free electrons. In these strongly distorted films, electrons are captured at defects and are not available for muonium formation.

H.V. Alberto; J. Piroto Duarte; A. Weidinger; R.C. Vilo; J.M. Gil; N. Ayres de Campos; K. Fostiropoulos; T. Prokscha; A. Suter; E. Morenzoni

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

175 MeV Au{sup +13} ion irradiation induced structural and morphological modifications in zinc oxide thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin films of ZnO were deposited, on Si substrates, using the RF-sputtering technique and irradiated by the 175 MeV Au{sup +13} beams. The structural changes were investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. The particle size found to increase with the increasing ion fluence up to 1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} ion/cm{sup 2}. At highest irradiation fluence of 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} ion/cm{sup 2} the average particle size decreases. The Raman spectroscopy measurements were performed to understand the local phonon mode of the samples. The surface morphology of the as-deposited and irradiated thin films is measured by the Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM).

Singh, Devendra [Materials Science Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, S. V. College, Aligarh 202001, UP (India); Sharma, Aditya [Materials Science Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, S. V. College, Aligarh 202001, UP (India) and Department of Applied Sciences and Humanities, Krishna Institute of Engineering and Technology, Ghaziabad-201206, U.P. (India); Varshney, Mayora; Verma, K. D. [Materials Science Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, S. V. College, Aligarh 202001, UP (India) and Department of Applied Sciences and Humanities, Krishna Institute of Engineering and Technolog (India); Kumar, Shalendra [School of Nano and Advanced Materials Engineering, Changwon National University, 9 Sarim-dong, Changwon- 641-773 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

90

Radioactive contamination of ZnWO4 crystal scintillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The radioactive contamination of ZnWO4 crystal scintillators has been measured deep underground at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory (LNGS) of the INFN in Italy with a total exposure 3197 kg x h. Monte Carlo simulation, time-amplitude and pulse-shape analyses of the data have been applied to estimate the radioactive contamination of the ZnWO4 samples. One of the ZnWO4 crystals has also been tested by ultra-low background gamma spectrometry. The radioactive contaminations of the ZnWO4 samples do not exceed 0.002 -- 0.8 mBq/kg (depending on the radionuclide), the total alpha activity is in the range: 0.2 - 2 mBq/kg. Particular radioactivity, beta active 65Zn and alpha active 180W, has been detected. The effect of the re-crystallization on the radiopurity of the ZnWO4 crystal has been studied. The radioactive contamination of samples of the ceramic details of the set-ups used in the crystals growth has been checked by low background gamma spectrometry. A project scheme on further improvement of the radiopurity level of the ZnWO4 crystal scintillators is briefly addressed.

P. Belli; R. Bernabei; F. Cappella; R. Cerulli; F. A. Danevich; A. M. Dubovik; S. d'Angelo; E. N. Galashov; B. V. Grinyov; A. Incicchitti; V. V. Kobychev; M. Laubenstein; L. L. Nagornaya; F. Nozzoli; D. V. Poda; R. B. Podviyanuk; O. G. Polischuk; D. Prosperi; V. N. Shlegel; V. I. Tretyak; I. A. Tupitsyna; Ya. V. Vasiliev; Yu. Ya. Vostretsov

2010-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

91

Methotrexate intercalated ZnAl-layered double hydroxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The anticancerous drug methotrexate (MTX) has been intercalated into an ZnAl-layered double hydroxide (LDH) using an anion exchange technique to produce LDH-MTX hybrids having particle sizes in the range of 100-300 nm. X-ray diffraction studies revealed increases in the basal spacings of ZnAl-LDH-MTX hybrid on MTX intercalation. This was corroborated by the transmission electron micrographs, which showed an increase in average interlayer spacing from 8.9 A in pristine LDH to 21.3 A in LDH-MTX hybrid. Thermogravimetric analyses showed an increase in the decomposition temperature for the MTX molecule in the LDH-MTX hybrid indicating enhanced thermal stability of the drug molecule in the LDH nanovehicle. The cumulative release profile of MTX from ZnAl-LDH-MTX hybrids in phosphate buffer saline (PBS) at pH 7.4 was successfully sustained for 48 h following Rigter-Peppas model release kinetics via diffusion. - Graphical abstract: ZnAl-layered double hydroxide intercalated with methotrexate ({approx}34% loading) promises the possibility of use of ZnAl-LDH material as drug carrier and in controlled delivery. Highlights: > ZnAl-layered double hydroxide methotrexate nanohybrid has been synthesized. > XRD and TEM studies on nanohybrid revealed successful intercalation of methotrexate. > TG and CHN analyses showed {approx}34 wt% of methotrexate loading into the nanohybrid. > Possibility of use of ZnAl-LDH material as drug carrier and in delivery.

Chakraborty, Manjusha; Dasgupta, Sudip; Soundrapandian, Chidambaram [Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, CSIR, 196 Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700032 (India); Chakraborty, Jui, E-mail: jui@cgcri.res.in [Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, CSIR, 196 Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700032 (India); Ghosh, Swapankumar, E-mail: swapankumar.ghosh2@mail.dcu.ie [National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology (NIIST), CSIR, Trivandrum 695019 (India); Mitra, Manoj K. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032 (India); Basu, Debabrata [Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, CSIR, 196 Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700032 (India)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

agir au Sud avec le Sud et  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

moyen et long termes. Les zones littorales subissent une pollution accrue et font l'objet d sciences de Ho Chi Minh Ville ont lancé un programme financé par la Fondation Air liquide sur la capacité, du terrain vers le marché » au Kenya, a rassemblé, sous l'égide du ministère des Mines et de l

93

health.uts.edu.au Postgraduate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

health.uts.edu.au Postgraduate CoUrSeS 2013 UTS: health services m anaGem ent #12;2 ConTenTS SnApShoT of UTS: heAlTh 2276 students 562 postgraduate coursework students 63 higher degree research students 137 by the UTS student body. heAlTh ServiCeS MAnAGeMenT 05 Master of health Services Management and planning 06

University of Technology, Sydney

94

REGULAR ARTICLE Stability of polar ZnO surfaces studied by pair potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

density method Keju Sun � Hai-Yan Su � Wei-Xue Li Received: 1 September 2013 / Accepted: 16 November 2013. The overestimation of the stability of the ZnO(0001)�Zn terminal originates from more distribution of the transferred temperature sublimation processes indicated a higher sublimation rate of the ZnO(0001)�Zn surface compared

Li, Weixue

95

Photocatalytic activity of ZnO films with micro-grid structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A layer of zinc oxide (ZnO) micro-grid was deposited on the surface of ZnO ... ZnO film and the regular arrangement of the micro-grid. The microgrid ZnO has a lower specular ... degradation experiments on methyle...

Chunzhi Li; Wenwen Wang; Junying Zhang

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Performance of Mo/Au TES microcalorimeters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We are developing X-ray calorimeters to meet the specifications of the Constellation-X mission. Each calorimeter consists of a transition-edge-sensor (TES) thermometer which is suspended on a silicon-nitride membrane. Our TES thermometers are Mo/Au bilayer films that are biased in the sharp phase transition between the superconducting and normal-metal states. These calorimeters have demonstrated very good energy resolutions: 2.4 eV at 1.5 keV and 3.7 eV at 3.3 keV. The energy resolutions are limited by thermal noise and Johnson noise (which are intrinsic to any resistive calorimeter) plus excess noise. The excess noise which is several times larger than the Johnson noise is consistent with frequency-independent voltage noise in the TES. Detailed measurements of one Mo/Au TES demonstrate that the excess noise is independent of the voltage applied to the TES over a range of biases at the same TES resistance. The magnitude of the excess noise is smallest at the high-resistance end of the phase transition. We also compared noise in square Mo/Au TESs ranging in size from 300 microns to 600 microns to learn how the excess noise is affected by the geometry of the TES.

Mark A. Lindeman; Regis P. Brekosky; Enectali Figueroa-Feliciano; Fred M. Finkbeiner; Mary Li; Caroline K. Stahle; Carl M. Stahle; Nilesh Tralshawala

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Evaluation of the Au Size Effect: CO Oxidation Catalyzed by Au/TiO2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The size dependence of activity in gold catalysts was examined. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure was used to determine mean particle size, and a flow reactor was used to assess activity of the catalysts for CO oxidation as a function of temperature. A sequence of calcination steps was used to systematically increase the mean Au particle size while repeated measurements of the activity were conducted. In this way the size dependence could be obtained in a single catalyst to avoid differences due to variations in support, synthesis conditions, Au loading, or incidental impurities. Two Au catalysts with different Au loadings were prepared on TiO{sub 2} by deposition precipitation and used for the measurements. For Au particles with mean particle size, d, in the range of 2-10 nm, the measured TOF at 298 K varies as d{sup -1.7{+-}0.2} and d{sup -0.9{+-}0.2} for the 7.2 and 4.5 wt% Au/TiO{sub 2} (P25) catalysts, respectively. Variation between samples emphasizes the conclusion that the activity is sensitive to many factors that may mask the true structure dependence. It is concluded that the observed decrease in activity with increasing particle size beyond 2 nm is controlled by the population of low-coordinate sites, rather than by size-dependent changes in overall electronic structure of the nanoparticle. No evidence was found for maximum activity for small particle sizes, although arguments are offered for why such a maximum was expected but was not observed.

Overbury,S.; Schwartz, V.; Mullins, D.; Yan, W.; Dai, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Graphene decorated with PtAu alloy nanoparticles: facile synthesis...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nanoparticles: facile synthesis and promising application for formic acid oxidation. Graphene decorated with PtAu alloy nanoparticles: facile synthesis and promising application...

99

Collective motion in selected central collisions of Au on Au at 150A MeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the FOPI facility at GSI Darmstadt complete data of Au on Au collisions at 150A MeV were collected for charged products (Z=115) at laboratory angles 1??lab?30. Central collisions were selected by applying various criteria. The kinetic energy spectra of fragments from an isolated midrapidity source are investigated in detail for center-of-mass angles 25??c.m.?45. The heavy products (Z?3) are used to determine the collective energy which is found to be at least 10A MeV.

S. C. Jeong et al.

1994-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

100

Charged Particle Multiplicities in Ultra-relativistic Au+Au and Cu+Cu Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The PHOBOS collaboration has carried out a systematic study of charged particle multiplicities in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory. A unique feature of the PHOBOS detector is its ability to measure charged particles over a very wide angular range from 0.5 to 179.5 deg. corresponding to |eta|<5.4. The general features of the charged particle multiplicity distributions as a function of pseudo-rapidity, collision energy and centrality, as well as system size, are discussed.

B. B. Back

2006-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Light Fragment Production and Power Law Behavior in Au + Au Collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using charged-particle-exclusive measurements of Au+Au collisions in the LBL Bevalac's EOS time projection chamber, we investigate momentum-space densities of fragments up to 4He as a function of fragment transverse momentum, azimuth relative to the reaction plane, rapidity, multiplicity, and beam energy. Most features of these densities above a transverse momentum threshold are consistent with momentum-space coalescence, and, in particular, the increase in sideward flow with fragment mass is generally well described by a momentum-space power law.

S. Wang et al. (EOS Collaboration)

1995-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

102

CdTe/CdZnTe pixellated radiation detector.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The work in this thesis is focused on the study of CdTe/CdZnTe pixellated detectors. During this research, three main aspects have been covered in the (more)

Mohd Zain, Rasif

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Compton profile study of polycrystalline ZnBr{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first ever Compton profile study of polycrystalline ZnBr{sub 2} is presented in this paper. The measurement of polycrystalline sample of ZnBr{sub 2} is performed using 59.54 keV gamma-rays emanating from an {sup 241}Am radioisotope. Theoretical calculations are performed following the Ionic model calculations for a number of configurations Zn{sup +x}Br{sub 2}{sup -x/2}(0.0{<=}x{<=}2.0 in step of 0.5) utilizing free atom profiles. The ionic model suggest transfer of 2.0 electrons from 4 s state of Zn to 4 p state of two Br atoms. The autocorrelation function B(z) is also derived from experiment and the most favoured ionic valence Compton profiles.

Dhaka, M. S. [Department of Physics, Engineering College Bikaner, Bikaner, 334004, Rajasthan (India); Sharma, G. [Department of Physics, Bansthali University, Bansthali, 304022, Rajasthan (India); Mishra, M. C.; Kothari, R. K.; Sharma, B. K. [Department of Physics, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, 302004, Rajasthan (India)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Aerosol synthesis and Rietveld analysis of tetragonal () PdZn...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

method. Detailed structural analysis shows that this material contains little or no vacancies and minimal PdZn disorder. Citation: Peterson EJ, B Halevi, B Kiefer, MN Spilde, AK...

105

E-Print Network 3.0 - accumulateurs au lithium Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

au lithium Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: accumulateurs au lithium Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ACCUMULATEUR LECTRIQUE...

106

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptation au changement Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: rsistances au changement. Les qualits d'adaptation tendent primer sur les comptences et l... organisationnelle au lieu de changement (Pesqueux &...

107

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptatives au changement Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: rsistances au changement. Les qualits d'adaptation tendent primer sur les comptences et l... organisationnelle au lieu de changement (Pesqueux &...

108

E-Print Network 3.0 - au fdg dans Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pour les travaux effectues en collaboration au sein de l'equipe, dans une atmosphere cordiale... 'acquisition, ce qui correspond au bruit le plus faible...

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - au system temperature Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Copyright 2008 American Scientific Publishers Summary: conditions. The effect of the growth temperature on the formation of SiAu nanostructures has been... between Au...

110

E-Print Network 3.0 - au radon gaz Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

est gal au rapport des intensits du tube de radon... place au milieu d'un tube Fis. 2. Une enveloppe ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection:...

111

SciTech Connect: Graphene-Au Nanoparticles Composite-Based Electrochem...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Conference: Graphene-Au Nanoparticles Composite-Based Electrochemical Aptamer Biosensors Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Graphene-Au Nanoparticles Composite-Based...

112

Improving conversion efficiency of CdS quantum dots-sensitized TiO2 nanotube arrays by doping with Zn2+ and decorating with ZnO nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Zn-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays (TNTs) decorated with ZnO nanoparticles have been prepared via electrochemical anodization and immersing method. Furthermore, the CdS quantum dots (QDs) were deposited on the prepared Zn-doped TNTs-ZnO thin films by chemical bath deposition (CBD) method to fabricate the CdS QDs-sensitized Zn-doped TNTs-ZnO photoelectrodes. The nanostructure, morphology, optical properties and electrochemical properties of the CdS/Zn-doped TNTs-ZnO photoelectrode with comparison to those of the CdS/TNTs photoelectrodes were investigated. It has been found that the Zn-doped TNTs-ZnO photoelectrodes significantly increased the UVvis light absorption of the CdS/Zn-doped TNTs-ZnO photoelectrodes and reduced the charge recombination at the surfaces of the CdS/Zn-doped TNTs-ZnO photoelectrodes. As a consequence, when the Zn-doped TNTs-ZnO film was adopted instead of the plain \\{TNTs\\} film, the light-chemical energy conversion efficiency of the CdS/Zn-doped TNTs-ZnO photoelectrode was much improved compared with the CdS/TNTs photoelectrode. A maximum energy conversion efficiency achieved for the CdS/Zn-doped TNTs-ZnO photoelectrode is 3.86%, which is a 17% improvement compared with the maximum energy conversion efficiency of 3.29% achieved for the CdS/TNTs photoelectrodes.

Chong Chen; Lei Wang; Fumin Li; Lanyu Ling

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Full jet reconstruction in 200 GeV p+p, d+Au and Au+Au collisions by STAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of inclusive hadron suppression and di-hadron azimuthal correlations have provided important insights into jet quenching in hot QCD matter. However, they do not provide access to the energy of the hard scattering and are limited in their sensitivity since they can be affected by biases toward hard fragmentation and small energy loss. Full jet reconstruction in heavy-ion collisions enables a complete study of the modification of jet structure due to energy loss, but is challenging due to the high multiplicity environment. Study of jet production and properties in d+Au and p+p collisions provides important baseline measurement for jet studies in heavy-ion collisions. We report measurements of fully reconstructed jets in p+p, d+Au and Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_\\mathrm{NN}} = 200 \\mathrm{GeV}$ from the STAR experiment at RHIC. Measurement of initial state nuclear effects in d+Au collisions utilizing di-jet azimuthal correlations is presented together with similar measurement in p+p collisions. Inclusive jet $\\pt$ spectra and fragmentation functions in p+p and central Au+Au collisions are reported, with subsequent studies of jet nuclear modification factor, jet energy profile and modifications in the fragmentation function due to jet quenching.

Jan Kapitan; for the STAR Collaboration

2009-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

114

Geochemistry and genesis of hydrothermal Au-Ag-Pb-Zn deposits in the Hwanggangri mineralized district, Republic of Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Chen,H. S.,Kaas,J.R., andBarduhn,A. J., 1975, Thepropertiesofhydratesofchlorineandcarbondioxide:Desa- lination,v. 16, p. 303-320. Brown,P. E., Bowman,J.R., andKelly,W. C., 1985,Petrologic andstableisotopeconstraintsonthe...

Chil-Sup So; Seong-Taek Yun

115

Radioactive contamination of ZnWO4 crystal scintillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The radioactive contamination of ZnWO4 crystal scintillators has been measured deep underground at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory (LNGS) of the INFN in Italy with a total exposure 3197 kg x h. Monte Carlo simulation, time-amplitude and pulse-shape analyses of the data have been applied to estimate the radioactive contamination of the ZnWO4 samples. One of the ZnWO4 crystals has also been tested by ultra-low background gamma spectrometry. The radioactive contaminations of the ZnWO4 samples do not exceed 0.002 ?? 0.8 mBq/kg (depending on the radionuclide), the total alpha activity is in the range: 0.2 - 2 mBq/kg. Particular radioactivity, beta active 65Zn and alpha active 180W, has been detected. The effect of the re-crystallization on the radiopurity of the ZnWO4 crystal has been studied. The radioactive contamination of samples of the ceramic details of the set-ups used in the crystals growth has been checked by low background gamma spectrometry. A project scheme on further improvement of the radiopur...

Belli, P; Cappella, F; Cerulli, R; Danevich, F A; Dubovik, A M; d'Angelo, S; Galashov, E N; Grinyov, B V; Incicchitti, A; Kobychev, V V; Laubenstein, M; Nagornaya, L L; Nozzoli, F; Poda, D V; Podviyanuk, R B; Polischuk, O G; Prosperi, D; Shlegel, V N; Tretyak, V I; Tupitsyna, I A; Vasiliev, Ya V; Vostretsov, Yu Ya

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Nanoscale order in ZnSe:(Mg, O)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Self-assembling of 1O4Mg identical tetrahedral clusters resulting in the nanoscale order in ZnSe:(Mg, O) is presented. Co-doping transforms ZnSe into Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1?x}O{sub y}Se{sub 1?y} alloy of MgO, MgSe, ZnO and ZnSe. The decrease of a sum of the enthalpies of the constituent compounds and diminution of the strain energy are the causes of this phenomenon. The self-assembling conditions are obtained from the free energy minimum when magnesium and oxygen are in the dilute and ultra dilute limits, correspondingly. The occurrence of 1O4Mg clusters and completion of self-assembling when all oxygen atoms are in clusters are results of the continuous phase transitions. The self-assembling occurrence temperature does not depend on the oxygen content and it is a function of magnesium concentration. Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1?x}O{sub y}Se{sub 1?y} with all oxygen atoms in clusters can be obtained in temperature ranges from T = 206 C (x = 0.001, y = 110{sup ?4}) to T = 456 C (x = 0.01, y = 110{sup ?4}) and from T = 237 C (x = 0.001, y = 110{sup ?6}) to T = 462 C (x = 0.01, y = 110{sup ?6})

Elyukhin, Vyacheslav A. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Centro de Investigacin y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Avenida Instituto Politecnico Nacional 2508, 07360 Mxico (Mexico)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

117

A terrestrial planet in a ~1-AU orbit around one member of a ?15-AU binary  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A. Cole A. Coutures Ch. Cook K. H. Dieters S. Prester D. D. Donatowicz J. Fouque P. Hill K. Kains N. Kane S. Marquette...program (A.U.); Polish MNiSW IP2011026771 (S.K.); Korea NRF CRIP 2009-0081561 (C.H.); U.S.-Israel BSF (A...

A. Gould; A. Udalski; I.-G. Shin; I. Porritt; J. Skowron; C. Han; J. C. Yee; S. Koz?owski; J.-Y. Choi; R. Poleski; ?. Wyrzykowski; K. Ulaczyk; P. Pietrukowicz; P. Mrz; M. K. Szyma?ski; M. Kubiak; I. Soszy?ski; G. Pietrzy?ski; B. S. Gaudi; G. W. Christie; J. Drummond; J. McCormick; T. Natusch; H. Ngan; T.-G. Tan; M. Albrow; D. L. DePoy; K.-H. Hwang; Y. K. Jung; C.-U. Lee; H. Park; R.W. Pogge; F. Abe; D. P. Bennett; I. A. Bond; C. S. Botzler; M. Freeman; A. Fukui; D. Fukunaga; Y. Itow; N. Koshimoto; P. Larsen; C. H. Ling; K. Masuda; Y. Matsubara; Y. Muraki; S. Namba; K. Ohnishi; L. Philpott; N. J. Rattenbury; To. Saito; D. J. Sullivan; T. Sumi; D. Suzuki; P. J. Tristram; N. Tsurumi; K. Wada; N. Yamai; P. C. M. Yock; A. Yonehara; Y. Shvartzvald; D. Maoz; S. Kaspi; M. Friedmann

2014-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

118

Properties of ZnO/Cu/ZnO multilayer films deposited by simultaneous RF and DC magnetron sputtering at different substrate temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ZnO/Cu/ZnO transparent conductive multilayer films are prepared by simultaneous RF sputtering of ZnO and DC sputtering of Cu. The properties of the multilayer films are studied at different substrate temperatures. Sheet resistance of the multilayer film ... Keywords: Electrical and optical properties, Multilayer, Sputtering, TCO

D. R. Sahu; Jow-Lay Huang

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

DIRECT EVIDENCE OF MG-ZN-P ALLOY FORMATION IN MG/ZN3P2 SOLAR CELLS Gregory M. Kimball  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Te, CIGS, a-Si) for thin film photovoltaics. The record solar energy conversion efficiency for Zn3P2 cells] or liquid contacts,[5] with Mg/Zn3P2 Schottky diodes having exhibited >6% solar energy-conversion efficiency], and long (5-10 m) minority-carrier diffusion lengths [2]. To date, Zn3P2 has been produced almost

Kimball, Gregory

120

Solar Syngas Production via H2O/CO2-Splitting Thermochemical Cycles with Zn/ZnO and FeO/Fe3O4 Redox Reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar Syngas Production via H2O/CO2-Splitting Thermochemical Cycles with Zn/ZnO and FeO/Fe3O4 Redox Reactions ... The first step, driven by concentrated solar radiation, is the endothermic thermolysis of ZnO producing a gaseous mixture of O2 and ... ...

A. Stamatiou; P. G. Loutzenhiser; A. Steinfeld

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Ordered zinc-vacancy induced Zn0.75Ox nanophase structure Yong Ding, Rusen Yang, Zhong Lin Wang *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ordered zinc-vacancy induced Zn0.75Ox nanophase structure Yong Ding, Rusen Yang, Zhong Lin Wang induced by Zn-vacancy has been discovered to grow on wurtzite ZnO nanobelts. The superstructure grows parameters of ZnO. The superstructured phase is resulted from high-density Zn vacancies orderly distributed

Wang, Zhong L.

122

Microstructural evolution of eutectic Au-Sn solder joints  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current trends toward miniaturization and the use of lead(Pb)-free solder in electronic packaging present new problems in the reliability of solder joints. This study was performed in order to understand the microstructure and microstructural evolution of small volumes of nominally eutectic Au-Sn solder joints (80Au-20Sn by weight), which gives insight into properties and reliability.

Song, Ho Geon

2002-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

123

Synthesis of reduced graphene oxide/ZnO nanorods composites on graphene coated PET flexible substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: ZnO nanorods synthesized on CVD-graphene and rGO surfaces, respectively. ZnO/CVD-graphene and ZnO/rGO form a distinctive porous 3D structure. rGO/ZnO nanostructures possibility in energy storage devices. - Abstract: In this work, reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/ZnO nanorods composites were synthesized on graphene coated PET flexible substrates. Both chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) films were prepared following by hydrothermal growth of vertical aligned ZnO nanorods. Reduced graphene sheets were then spun coated on the ZnO materials to form a three dimensional (3D) porous nanostructure. The morphologies of the ZnO/CVD graphene and ZnO/rGO were investigated by SEM, which shows that the ZnO nanorods grown on rGO are larger in diameters and have lower density compared with those grown on CVD graphene substrate. As a result of fact, the rough surface of nano-scale ZnO on rGO film allows rGO droplets to seep into the large voids of ZnO nanorods, then to form the rGO/ZnO hierarchical structure. By comparison of the different results, we conclude that rGO/ZnO 3D nanostructure is more desirable for the application of energy storage devices.

Huang, Lei, E-mail: leihuang@shnu.edu.cn; Guo, Guilue; Liu, Yang; Chang, Quanhong; Shi, Wangzhou

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Circumstantial Evidence for Critical Behavior in Peripheral Au+Au Collisions at 35 MeV/nucleon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fragmentation resulting from peripheral Au+Au collisions at an incident energy of E=35 MeV/nucleon is investigated. A power-law charge distribution, A-? with ??2.2, and an intermittency signal are observed for events selected in the region of the Campi scatter plot where critical behavior is expected.

P. F. Mastinu et al. ((Multics-Miniball Collaboration))

1996-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

125

Production of ? mesons in Au+Au collisions at 11.7A GeV?c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on a measurement of ?-meson production in Au+Au collisions at a beam momentum of 11.7A GeV?c by experiment 917 at the alternating gradient synchroton. The measurement covers the midrapidity region 1.2

Dunlop, James C.

126

{phi} meson production in Au + Au and p + p collisions at {radical}s{sub NN}=200 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the STAR measurement of {psi} meson production in Au + Au and p + p collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV. Using the event mixing technique, the {psi} spectra and yields are obtained at midrapidity for five centrality bins in Au+Au collisions and for non-singly-diffractive p+p collisions. It is found that the {psi} transverse momentum distributions from Au+Au collisions are better fitted with a single-exponential while the p+p spectrum is better described by a double-exponential distribution. The measured nuclear modification factors indicate that {psi} production in central Au+Au collisions is suppressed relative to peripheral collisions when scaled by the number of binary collisions (). The systematics of versus centrality and the constant {psi}/K{sup -} ratio versus beam species, centrality, and collision energy rule out kaon coalescence as the dominant mechanism for {psi} production.

Adams, J.; Adler, C.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, B.D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, B.I.; Bhardwaj, S.; Bhati, A.K.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.; Bravar, A.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de la Barca Sanchez, M.; Carroll, J.; Castillo, J.; Cebra, D.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, Y.; Chernenko, S.P.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dong, W.J.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dubey, A.K.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Efimov, L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faine, V.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Flierl, D.; Foley, K.J.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Gagunashvili, N.; Gans, J.; Ganti, M.S.; Gaudichet, L.; Germain, M.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, J.E.; Grachov, O.; Grebenyuk, O.; Gronstal, S.; Grosnick, D.; Guedon, M.; Guertin, S.M.; Gupta, A.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Hallman, T.J.; Hamed, A.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Heppelmann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Horsley, M.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang, S.L.; Hughes, E.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Johnson, I.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Khodyrev; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Klyachko, A.; Koetke, D.D.; Kollegger, T.; Kopytine, S.M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kovalenko, A.D.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravstov, V.I.; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kumar, A.; Kunde, G.J.; Kunz, C.L.; Kutuev, R.Kh.; et al.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Phase-Pure Cu,Zn,Al Hydrotalcite-like Materials as Precursors for Copper rich Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 Catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Zincian malachite or rosasite (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH), aurichalcite (Cu,Zn)5(CO3)2(OH)6, and hydrotalcite-like (htl) materials of the general composition ((Cu,Zn)1?xAlx)(OH)2(CO3)x/2m H2O are the typical hydroxy carbonate precursor phases for such catalysts. ... (5) The relevance of the individual precursor phases for applied Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 or binary Cu/ZnO model catalysts is controversially discussed in the literature and aurichalcite,(6) rosasite,(7) zincian malachite,(1, 8) or a phase mixture of rosasite and hydrotalcite(9) have been suggested as desired precursor phases leading to highly active catalysts. ... (52) It is noted that such carbonate species have also been observed for the binary CuZn precursors zincian malachite and aurichalcite in course of the preparation of Cu/ZnO catalysts. ...

Malte Behrens; Igor Kasatkin; Stefanie Khl; Gisela Weinberg

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

128

Photodynamic action of curcumin derived polymer modified ZnO nanocomposites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: ? ZnO/PVA nano sensitized with curcumin and its metal complex were synthesized by vacuum evaporation method. ? M/cur sensitized on ZnO/PVA nanocomposites were characterized. ? Generation of {sup 1}O{sub 2} and ROS were detected by optical and EPR-spin trapping method. ? It was found that photoinduced cleavage of DNA using Zn/curZnO/PVA was superior. ? Photodegradation of MB in water catalyzed by ZnO/PVAZn/cur was also superior under visible light. -- Abstract: The photodynamic action of ZnO nano can be improved by modifying the surface by PVA and encapsulating the natural product, curcumin. The synthesized ZnO/PVA nanocomposites have been characterized using XRD, SEM, TEM, FTIR, TGDTA, etc. Here we are reporting the photodynamic effect of ZnO nanocomposites on pUC18 DNA. Based on optical and EPR measurements, singlet oxygen and other ROS were responsible for photocleavage of DNA. Most importantly, derived curcumin modified ZnO/PVA nanocomposites were comparatively more effective than derived curcumin complex against HeLa cell lines under in vitro condition. In addition, photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) in water catalyzed by nano ZnO/PVAcurcumin derivative was investigated at room temperature. Under visible irradiation photocatalytic activity of ZnO nanomaterial sensitized curcumin was higher than those of curcumin and nano ZnO.

Hariharan, R.; Senthilkumar, S. [P.G. Department of Chemistry, Cardamom Planters Association College, Bodinayakanur 625513, Tamil Nadu (India)] [P.G. Department of Chemistry, Cardamom Planters Association College, Bodinayakanur 625513, Tamil Nadu (India); Suganthi, A., E-mail: suganthiphd09@gmail.com [P.G. and Research Department of Chemistry, Thiagarajar College, Madurai 625009, Tamil Nadu (India); Rajarajan, M., E-mail: rajarajan_1962@yahoo.com [P.G. Department of Chemistry, Cardamom Planters Association College, Bodinayakanur 625513, Tamil Nadu (India)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Structure of liquid and glassy ZnCl2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method of isotope substitution in neutron diffraction was used to measure the structure of liquid ZnCl2 at 332(5)?C and glassy ZnCl2 at 25(1)?C. The partial structure factors were obtained from the measured diffraction patterns by using the method of singular value decomposition and by using the reverse Monte Carlo procedure. The partial structure factors reproduce the diffraction patterns measured by high-energy x-ray diffraction once a correction for the resolution function of the neutron diffractometer has been made. The results show that the predominant structural motif in both phases is the corner sharing ZnCl4 tetrahedron and that there is a small number of edge-sharing configurations, these being more abundant in the liquid. The tetrahedra organize on an intermediate length scale to give a first sharp diffraction peak in the measured diffraction patterns at a scattering vector kFSDP?1??1 that is most prominent for the Zn-Zn correlations. The results support the notion that the relative fragility of tetrahedral glass forming MX2 liquids is related to the occurrence of edge-sharing units.

Anita Zeidler; Philip S. Salmon; Richard A. Martin; Takeshi Usuki; Philip E. Mason; Gabriel J. Cuello; Shinji Kohara; Henry E. Fischer

2010-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

130

One- and two-nucleon transfer reactions to Au196  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To provide information for comparison with predictions from a dynamical supersymmetry, the odd-odd nucleus Au196 was studied via transfer reactions. With a polarized deuteron beam we measured (d?,t) and (d?,?), and with unpolarized beams we measured (p,d), (He3,d), and (?,d) transfer reactions. From the high-resolution Au197(p,d)Au196 spectrum, a rather complete set of excitation energies was obtained. Quantum numbers and spectroscopic factors were obtained from angular distributions of single-neutron transfer in Au197(d?,t)Au196, single-proton transfer in Pt195(He3,d)Au196, and two-nucleon transfer Hg198(d?,?)Au196. We obtain firm J? assignments for 21 out of the 27 states with negative parity observed up to 490keV excitation energy, by combining our data with that taken using ?? and conversion electron spectroscopy. The number of states and the firm or restricted assignments are in agreement with the predictions from the dynamical U?(6?12)?U?(6?4) supersymmetric scheme. Including our (?,d) data, we can deduce spectroscopic factors for four different transfer channels. When model predictions of spectroscopic factors become available, these data will provide a further critical test as to what extent this symmetry is realized in nature.

H.-F. Wirth; G. Graw; S. Christen; Y. Eisermann; A. Gollwitzer; R. Hertenberger; J. Jolie; A. Metz; O. Mller; D. Tonev; B. D. Valnion

2004-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

131

Entropy in central Au+Au reactions between 100 and 400A MeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ratio of the total charge bound in fragments with Z between 2 and 15 to the hydrogen yield, (tsum215MiZi)/MH, has been measured, and the neutron-to-proton ratio n/p has been estimated from the data of central Au + Au reactions between 100 and 400A MeV, measured with the phase I setup of the detector system FOPI and GSI, Darmstadt, in the polar-angle range between 7 and 30. These two quantities were used to determine the entropy per nucleon S/A by comparing them with the predictions of the freesco code. The analysis allows the simulataneous extraction of the values of the baryonic entropy, temperature, and collective flow. The extracted values are in good agreement with the values obtained in earlier FOPI studies, and, for the baryonic entropy, with recent hydrodynamic calculations.

M. Delalija et al.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Charmed hadron production at low transverse momentum in Au+Au collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report measurements of charmed hadron production from hadronic ($D^{0}\\rightarrow K\\pi$) and semileptonic ($\\mu$ and $e$) decays in 200 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC. Analysis of the spectra indicates that charmed hadrons have a different radial flow pattern from light or multi-strange hadrons. Charm cross sections at mid-rapidity are extracted by combining the three independent measurements, covering the transverse momentum range that contributes to $\\sim$90% of the integrated cross section. The cross sections scale with number of binary collisions of the initial nucleons, a signature of charm production exclusively at the initial impact of colliding heavy ions. The implications for charm quark interaction and thermalization in the strongly interacting matter are discussed.

B. I. Abelev

2008-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

133

Neutral pion production in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of midrapidity (0conversion electron-positron pairs. Our measurements are compared to previously published ? and ?0 results. The nuclear modification factors RCP and RAA of ?0 are also presented as a function of pT. In the most central Au+Au collisions, the binary collision scaled ?0 yield at high pT is suppressed by a factor of about 5 compared to the expectation from the yield of p+p collisions. Such a large suppression is in agreement with previous observations for light quark mesons and is consistent with the scenario that partons suffer considerable energy loss in the dense medium formed in central nucleus-nucleus collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.

B. I. Abelev et al. (STAR Collaboration)

2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

134

Elliptic flow: transition from out-of-plane to in-plane emissionin Au + Au collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the proton elliptic flow excitation function for the Au+Au system spanning the beam energy range (2-8)A GeV. The excitation function shows a transition from negative to positive elliptic flow at a beam energy, Etr {approx} 4A GeV. Detailed comparisons with calculations from a relativistic Boltzmann equation are presented. The comparisons suggest a softening of the nuclear equation of state from a stiff form (K {approx} 380 MeV) at low beam energies (Ebeam < 2A GeV) to a softer form (K {approx} 210 MeV) at higher energies ( Ebeam < 4A GeV) where the calculated baryon density rho {approx} 4 rho 0.

Pinkenburg, C.; Ajitanand, N.N.; Alexander, J.M.; Anderson, M.; Best, D.; Brady, F.P.; Case, T.; Caskey, W.; Cebra, D.; Chance, J.L.; Chung, P.; Cole, B.; Crowe, K.; Das, A.C.; Draper, J.E.; Elmaani, A.; Gilkes, M.L.; Gushue, S.; Heffner, M.; Hirsch, A.S.; Hjort, E.L.; Huo,L.; Justice, M.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kintner, J.C.; Klay, J.; Krofcheck, D.; Lacey, R.A.; Lauret, J.; Law, C.; Lisa, M.A.; Liu, H.; Liu, Y.M.; McGrath, R.; Milosevich, Z.; Odyniec, G.; Olson, D.L.; Panitkin, S.Y.; Porile, N.T.; Rai, G.; Ritter, H.G.; Romero, J.L.; Scharenberg, R.P.; Schroeder, L.; Srivastava, B.; Stone, N.T.B.; Symons,T.J.M.; Whitfield, J.; Wienold, T.; Witt, R.; Wood, L.; Zhang, W.N.; E895Collaboration; Danielewicz, P.; Gossiaux, P.B.

1999-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

135

Enhanced photoelectrochemical responses of ZnO films through Ga and N codoping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the crystallinity and photoelectrochemical (PEC) response of ZnO thin films codoped by Ga and N. The ZnO:(Ga,N) thin films were deposited by cosputtering at room temperature and followed by postannealing at 500 deg. C in air for 2 h. We found that ZnO:(Ga,N) thin films exhibited significantly enhanced crystallinity compared to ZnO doped solely with N at the same growth conditions. Furthermore, ZnO:(Ga,N) thin films exhibited enhanced N incorporation over ZnO doped solely with N at high temperatures. As a result, ZnO:(Ga,N) thin films achieved dramatically improved PEC response, compared to ZnO thin films doped solely with N at any conditions. Our results suggest a general way to improve PEC response for wide-band-gap oxides.

Ahn, Kwang-Soon; Yan, Yanfa; Shet, Sudhakar; Deutsch, Todd; Turner, John; Al-Jassim, Mowafak [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

136

Structural Studies of Al:ZnO Powders and Thin Films | Stanford...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ingham, Associate Investigator, MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology Al-doped ZnO (Al:ZnO) is a promising transparent conducting oxide. We have used...

137

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied zn fe Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

carbonate and other Zn-containing compounds1 Graldine Sarret, Emiko Harada, Yong-Eui Choi*, Marie... to toxic levels of zinc. Zn exposure resulted in toxicity signs in...

138

Pressure Behaviour of the UV and Green Emission Bands in ZnO...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pressure Behaviour of the UV and Green Emission Bands in ZnO Micro-rods. Pressure Behaviour of the UV and Green Emission Bands in ZnO Micro-rods. Abstract: The pressure behavior of...

139

Graphene sheets decorated with ZnO nanoparticles as anode materials for lithium ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ZnO/graphene composites were synthesized using a facile solution- ... 4nm were densely and homogeneously deposited on graphene sheets. As the anode material for the lithium ion batteries, the ZnO/graphene compos...

Ling-Li Xu; Shao-Wei Bian; Kang-Lin Song

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

E-Print Network 3.0 - al pb zn Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

et al., 1993; Dejonghe, 1998), resulting in elevated concentrations of Zn, Pb... by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) for Zn, Pb, Mn, Fe, Ca, Mg, K and Al, and by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Electrodeposition of ZnO Nanorods in the Presence of Metal Ions...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the hexagonal ZnO rods to be larger than in defect-free single-crystalline ZnO. SIMS measurements indicate impurity incorporation and doping in the bulk of the nanorods....

142

Predictive GIS model for potential mapping of Cu, Pb, Zn mineralization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The geologic features indicative of Cu, Pb, Zn mineral deposits in a area are fractures (structure), and host rock sediments. Datasets used include Cu, Pb, Zn deposit points record, geological data, remote sensin...

Tarik B. Benomar Ph. D.; Bian Fuling

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Structural, optical and photocatalytic properties of ZnO thin films and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emitting diodes, gas sensors and transparent conducting thin films for solar cells. In this work, Zn an electronic furnace. Fig. 1. Grain size (black) and RMS variations (blue) of 1-6 layered ZnO films vs

144

Fluorescent Dye Encapsulated ZnO Particles with Cell-specific...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dye Encapsulated ZnO Particles with Cell-specific Toxicity for Potential use in Biomedical Applications. Fluorescent Dye Encapsulated ZnO Particles with Cell-specific Toxicity...

145

Microsoft Word - Zn-DTPA Insert_2 Pages.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

zinc trisodium injection contains the sodium salt of zinc diethylenetriaminepentaacetate. Pentetate zinc zinc trisodium injection contains the sodium salt of zinc diethylenetriaminepentaacetate. Pentetate zinc trisodium is also known as trisodium zinc diethylenetriaminepentaacetate and is commonly referred to as Zn- DTPA. It has a molecular formula of Na3ZnC14H18N3O10 and a molecular weight of 522.7 Daltons. It is represented by the following structural formula: Zn-DTPA is supplied as a clear, colorless, hyperosmolar (1260 mOsmol/kg) solution in a colorless ampoule containing 5 mL. The ampoule contents are sterile, non-pyrogenic and suitable for intravenous administration. Each mL of solution contains the equivalent of 200 mg pentetate zinc trisodium (obtained from 150.51 mg pentetic acid, 31.14 mg zinc oxide and NaOH) and water for injection, USP. The pH of the solution is adjusted

146

Transverse-momentum spectra in Au plus Au and d plus Au collisions at root s(NN)=200 GeV and the pseudorapidity dependence of high-p(T) suppression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present spectra of charged hadrons from Au+Au and d+Au collisions at roots(NN)=200 GeV measured with the BRAHMS experiment at RHIC. The spectra for different collision centralities are compared to spectra from p+(p) ...

Ito, H.; Murray, Michael J.; Neumann, B.; Norris, J.; Sanders, Stephen J.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Dehydrogenation of Ethanol Over Cu/ZnO Catalysts Prepared from Various Coprecipitated Precursors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the title reaction, Cu/ZnO catalysts prepared from aurichalcite were more active than those prepared from...2

Shin-ichiro Fujita; Nobuhiro Iwasa; Hiroaki Tani

148

Structure and luminescence of annealed nanoparticles of ZnS:Mn A. D. Dinsmore,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,10 Y2O3:Eu,11­13 LaPO4:Eu, Ce and Tb,14 CdS:Mn,15 CdSe:Mn,16 ZnS:Cu,17 ZnS:Tb,18 and ZnS:Mn,19­32 which temperatures5,6 and pressures.7,8 In addition to their funda- mental interest, doped semiconductor describe experimental studies of the structure and luminescence of nanoparticles of ZnS doped with Mn

Dinsmore, Tony

149

Structural recovery of ion implanted ZnO nanowires G. Perillat-Merceroz,1, 2, a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications, ZnO nanowires are studied for making light- emitting diodes (LEDs) because of the advantages

Boyer, Edmond

150

Characterization of CdZnTe ambient temperature detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A great deal of interest has been generated in the use of cadmium telluride (CdTe) and cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) detectors for ambient temperature detection of radionuclides. The addition of zinc to CdTe provides several benefits that enhance the materials operational characteristics at ambient temperature. Recent movement in the industry is to produce larger volume detectors using CdZnTe without much known about the effects of larger geometry on performance. The purpose of this study is to get an idea of the relationship of detector performance to both area and thickness variations.

Lavietes, A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Heavy Quasiparticles in the Ferromagnetic Superconductor ZrZn2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a study of the de Haasvan Alphen effect in the normal state of the ferromagnetic superconductor ZrZn2. Our results are generally consistent with a linear muffin-tin orbital band structure which predicts four exchange-split Fermi surface sheets. Quasiparticle effective masses are enhanced by a factor of 4.9 implying a strong coupling to magnetic excitations or phonons. ZrZn2 is unique among metallic ferromagnets in that it has a very large density of states in the ferromagnetic phase.

S. J. C. Yates; G. Santi; S. M. Hayden; P. J. Meeson; S. B. Dugdale

2003-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

152

Observation of D[superscript 0] Meson Nuclear Modifications in Au + Au Collisions at ?s[subscript NN] = 200 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the first measurement of charmed-hadron (D[superscript 0]) production via the hadronic decay channel (D[superscript 0] ? K[superscript ?] + ?[superscript +]) in Au + Au collisions at ?s[subscript NN] =200??GeV ...

Stevens, Justin

153

Rapidity dependence of antiproton-to-proton ratios in Au+Au collisions at root s(NN)=130 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements, with the BRAHMS detector, of the antiproton-to-proton ratio at midrapidities and forward rapidities, are presented for Au + Au reactions at roots(NN) = 130 GeV, and for three different collision centralities. ...

Sanders, Stephen J.

2001-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

154

Investigation of high temperature gaseous species by Knudsen cell mass spectrometry above the condensed systems Au-Ge-Cu and Au-Si / by Joseph Edward Kingcade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0), in kJ mol for the Gaseous Molecules AuSi, Ie 24 27 3l 34 TABLE 12. 13. 14. 15. 1 6. 17a 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. Au2Si, AuSi2, CuGe and CuGe2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Summary of Enthalpy Changes: for the Molecule Au..., (HT-H ), in kJ mol for the Gaseous T o Molecules Au2Ge2, AuGe3 and AuGe4 MOLECULE AND STRUCTURE 298 1200 1400 1600 TEMPERATURE ( K) 1800 2000 2200 hu2 Ge2 (Linear) Au2 Gep (Square Planar) FEF HCF FEF HCF 297. 7 18. 69 317. 1 18. 83...

Kingcade, Joseph Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

155

Influence of Zn(II) on the Adsorption of Arsenate onto Ferrihydrite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The bands were assigned to the stretching of hydroxyl groups of the solid phase similar to IR data available for some zinc hydroxide carbonate minerals such as rosasite ((Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2), hydrozincite (Zn5(CO3)(OH)2), or aurichalcite ((Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6). ...

Ivan Carabante; Mattias Grahn; Allan Holmgren; Jurate Kumpiene; Jonas Hedlund

2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

156

Corrosion of, and cellular responses to MgZnCa bulk metallic glasses Xuenan Gu a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corrosion of, and cellular responses to Mg­Zn­Ca bulk metallic glasses Xuenan Gu a , Yufeng Zheng a: Magnesium alloy Bulk metallic glass Mechanical property Corrosion Cytotoxicity a b s t r a c t Mg­Zn­Ca bulk, mechanical testing, corrosion and cytotoxicity tests. It was found that the Mg66Zn30Ca4 sample presents

Zheng, Yufeng

157

Low temperature growth of ZnTe by synchroton radiation using metalorganic sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of synchrotron radiation to convert diethylzinc and diethyltelluride molecules into ZnTe has been employed for ZnTe growth. The formation of ZnTe epitaxial layer on (100) oriented GaAs substrate at room temperature is experimentally demonstrated. It is shown by x?ray photoelectron spectroscopy that no carbon is included in the film. ?

Makoto Ikejiri; Toshihiro Ogata; Hiroshi Ogawa; Mitsuhiro Nishio; Akira Yoshida

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Spectroscopic studies on Zn-doped CdS nanopowders prepared by simple coprecipitation method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A series of Zn-doped cadmium sulfide (CdS:Zn) nanopowders were prepared by a simple ... nanosize and cubic structure at room temperature. Doping with Zn in CdS does not lead to any structural phase ... the lattic...

H. Sekhar; D. Narayana Rao

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Catalytic studies of supported Pd-Au catalysts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reaction conditions is the ultimate goal. This thesis is mainly focused on the application of Pd-Au supported catalysts for vinyl acetate synthesis and CO oxidation reactions using highsurface area catalysts. We have attempted to improve the conventional Pd...

Boopalachandran, Praveenkumar

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

160

www.swinburne.edu.au ISSUE 10 | JULY 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.swinburne.edu.au ISSUE 10 | JULY 2010 Network Electric cars start to rev P6 Vanishing bodies in Victoria are teaming up to put Australia at the forefront of electric car technology BARRY

Liley, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Electrochemical Roughening of Au(110) Single Crystal Electrodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The surface roughness of a Au(110) electrode was studied as a function of electrode potential. The electrode potential was cycled between the double layer region and the oxide and hydrogen regions. Measurement...

K. M. Robinson; W. E. OGrady; I. K. Robinson

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Don Quichotte au fminin : Charlotte Lennox, The Female Marianne CAMUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Don Quichotte au féminin : Charlotte Lennox, The Female Quixote Marianne CAMUS Professeur DIJON, Marianne.Camus [at]u-bourgogne.fr Cette lecture de The Female Quixote (1752) de Charlotte Lennox

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

163

www.swinburne.edu.au Issue 12 | March 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.swinburne.edu.au Issue 12 | March 2011 End to surgery's waking nightmares Herding nanoparticles Our futures bound by knowledge shared "In the long history of humankind (and animal kind, too) those

Liley, David

164

Gouvernance des ressources forestires au gabon : acteurs et enjeux.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Couvert plus de 80% de fort tropicale, et dans le contexte du spectre de l'puisement du ptrole, le Gabon est confront au dfi d'assurer (more)

Mouloungui, Armel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Gouvernance des ressources forestires au gabon : acteurs et enjeux.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Couvert plus de 80% de fort tropicale, et dans le contexte du spectre de lpuisement du ptrole, le Gabon est confront au dfi dassurer (more)

Mouloungui, Armel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Life on Earth. I. 1 AU from the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Life on Earth. I. #12;Earth 1 AU from the Sun Equilibrium temperature: 247 K (-26C) Actual mean through dynamo action (much like the Sun). Magnetic Fields divert charged particles. #12;The Crust Low

Walter, Frederick M.

167

VISON : Vers un Intranet Scuris Ouvert au Nomadisme Eric Gautrin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VISON : Vers un Intranet Sécurisé Ouvert au Nomadisme Eric Gautrin Comité de Concertation des fondamentales et appliquées dans les domaines des sciences et technologies de l'information et de la

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

Ge-Au eutectic bonding of Ge {100} single crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present preliminary results on the eutectic bonding between two {100} Ge single crystal surfaces using thin films of ... Au sample show epitaxial growth of Ge. In sections of the bond, lattice continuity...

W. B. Knowlton; K. M. Itoh; J. W. Beeman; J. H. Emes

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Rseaux marchands et comptabilit au XVIIIe Cheryl S. Mc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Réseaux marchands et comptabilité au XVIIIe siècle Cheryl S. Mc Watters, University of Alberta intéressante de franchir les clivages disciplinaires. Nous nous intéressons en priorité aux réseaux marchands processus de croissance du capitalisme marchand au XVIIIe siècle. Dans ces travaux, les réseaux constituent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

170

Thickness Effect of Al-Doped ZnO Window Layer on Damp Heat Stability of CuInGaSe2 Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the damp heat (DH) stability of CuInGaSe2 (CIGS) solar cells as a function of thickness of the Al-doped ZnO (AZO) window layer from the 'standard' 0.12 ?m to a modest 0.50 ?m over an underlying 0.10-?m intrinsic ZnO buffer layer. The CIGS cells were prepared with external electrical contact using fine Au wire to the tiny 'standard' Ni/Al (0.05 ?m/3 ?m) metal grid contact pads. Bare cell coupons and sample sets encapsulated in a specially designed, Al-frame test structure with an opening for moisture ingress control using a TPT backsheet were exposed to DH at 85oC and 85% relative humidity, and characterized by current-voltage (I-V), quantum efficiency (QE), and (electrochemical) impedance spectroscopy (ECIS). The results show that bare cells exhibited rapid degradation within 50-100 h, accompanied by film wrinkling and delamination and corrosion of Mo and AlNi grid, regardless of AZO thickness. In contrast, the encapsulated cells did not show film wrinkling, delamination, and Mo corrosion after 168 h DH exposure; but the trend of efficiency degradation rate showed a weak correlation to the AZO thickness.

Pern, F. J.; Mansfield, L.; DeHart, C.; Glick, S. H.; Yan, F.; Noufi, R.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Thickness Effect of Al-Doped ZnO Window Layer on Damp-Heat Stability of CuInGaSe2 Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the damp heat (DH) stability of CuInGaSe{sub 2} (CIGS) solar cells as a function of thickness of the Al-doped ZnO (AZO) window layer from the 'standard' 0.12 {micro}m to a modest 0.50 {micro}m over an underlying 0.10-{micro}m intrinsic ZnO buffer layer. The CIGS cells were prepared with external electrical contact using fine Au wire to the tiny 'standard' Ni/Al (0.05 {micro}m/3 {micro}m) metal grid contact pads. Bare cell coupons and sample sets encapsulated in a specially designed, Al-frame test structure with an opening for moisture ingress control using a TPT backsheet were exposed to DH at 85 C and 85% relative humidity, and characterized by current-voltage (I-V), quantum efficiency (QE), and (electrochemical) impedance spectroscopy (ECIS). The results show that bare cells exhibited rapid degradation within 50-100 h, accompanied by film wrinkling and delamination and corrosion of Mo and AlNi grid, regardless of AZO thickness. In contrast, the encapsulated cells did not show film wrinkling, delamination, and Mo corrosion after 168 h DH exposure; but the trend of efficiency degradation rate showed a weak correlation to the AZO thickness.

Pern, F. J.; Mansfield, L.; DeHart, C.; Glick, S. H.; Yan, F.; Noufi, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Study of stability of ZnO nanoparticles and growth mechanisms of colloidal ZnO nanorods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the intraparticle diffusion is different from normal Ostwald ripening because it occurs at lower monomer concentration and by monomer migration from small to larger ones. 19 2.6 Selectively binding of surface ligands It is also reported that changes...O concentration in the precursor solution at 60 ?C or higher. As for the mechanisms for the growth of ZnO nanorods, ?Ostwald ripening? and ?oriented attachment? were proposed to explain the formation of ZnO nanorods [30]. In here, ?oriented attachment...

Lee, Kwang Jik

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

173

WELLBEING RESOURCE GUIDE http://info.anu.edu.au/hr/anu-staff-wellbeing. Enquiries: Nicki.read-Jones@anu.edu.au Wellbeing Consultant x58943  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/187/ For information and assistance in the ACT contact (02) 6207 9977 http://www.drugs.health.gov.au/internet of the illness call 02 6232 9044 Centrelink http://www.centrelink.gov.au/internet/internet affected by domestic violence call 02 6280 0900 Elder Abuse http://www.eapa.asn.au/ Information

Botea, Adi

174

ZnO/Sn:In2O3 and ZnO/CdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Band alignments were measured by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy for thin films of ZnO on polycrystalline Sn:In2O3 (ITO) and single crystal CdTe. Hybrid density functional theory calculations of epitaxial zinc blende ZnO(001) on CdTe(001) were performed to compare with experiment. A conduction band offset of -0.6 eV was measured for ZnO/ITO, which is larger than desired for efficient electron injection. For ZnO/CdTe, the experimental conduction band offset of 0.25 eV is smaller than the calculated value of 0.67 eV, likely due to the TeOx layer at the ZnO/CdTe interface. The measured conduction band offset for ZnO/CdTe is favorable for photovoltaic devices.

Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Droubay, Timothy C.; Jaffe, John E.

2011-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

175

Au-del de lconomie gographique : les nouvelles politiques dinfrastructure de transport au Gabon.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Cette thse analyse lorigine des disparits en matire de politiques de transport et dorganisation de lactivit conomique au Gabon. Depuis toujours, les infrastructures de transport (more)

Ada Allogo, Rassa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

ZnO/ZnS(O,OH)/Cu(In,Ga)Se2/Mo SOLAR CELL WITH 18.6% EFFICIENCY M.A. Contreras, 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) photovoltaic technology is motivated primarily by the potential to enhance solar cell current generationZnO/ZnS(O,OH)/Cu(In,Ga)Se2/Mo SOLAR CELL WITH 18.6% EFFICIENCY 1 M.A. Contreras, 2 T. Nakada, 2 M of 18.6% for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells that incorporate a ZnS(O,OH) buffer layer as an alternative to Cd

Sites, James R.

177

Atomic Absorption Method Guide Zn in Copper Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic Absorption Method Guide Zn in Copper Alloys Principle The sample is digested in nitric/hydrochloric acid, and zinc is determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry using an air-acetylene flame · Copper Alloys · Zinc · Flame · Atomic Absorption Method Guide: 40158 #12;©2008 Thermo Fisher Scientific

Wells, Mathew G. - Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto

178

Azimuthally sensitive hanbury brown-twiss interferometry in Au + Au collisions sqrt S sub NN = 200 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of a systematic study of the shape of the pion distribution in coordinate space at freeze-out in Au+Au collisions at RHIC using two-pion Hanbury Brown-Twiss (HBT) interferometry. Oscillations of the extracted HBT radii vs. emission angle indicate sources elongated perpendicular to the reaction plane. The results indicate that the pressure and expansion time of the collision system are not sufficient to completely quench its initial shape.

Adams, J.; Adler, C.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, B.D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, B.I.; Bhardwaj, S.; Bhati, A.K.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.; Bravar, A.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de la Barca Sanchez, M.; Carroll, J.; Castillo, J.; Cebra, D.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, Y.; Chernenko, S.P.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dong, W.J.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dubey, A.K.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Efimov, L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faine, V.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Flierl, D.; Foley, K.J.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Gagunashvili, N.; Gans, J.; Gaudichet, L.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, J.E.; Grachov, O.; Grebenyuk, O.; Gronstal, S.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, S.M.; Gupta, A.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Hallman, T.J.; Hamed, A.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Heppelmann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Horsley, M.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang, L.S.; Hughes, E.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Jiang, H.; Johnson, I.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Khodyrev, V.Yu.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Klyachko, A.; Koetke, D.D.; Kollegger, T.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kovalenko, A.D.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, V.I.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kumar, A.; Kunde, G.J.; Kunz, C.L.; Kutuev, R.Kh.; Kuznetsov, A.A.; Lamont, M.A.C.; et al.

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

179

Radial Flow in Au+Au Collisions at E=0.25-1.15 A GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A systematic study of energy spectra for light particles emitted at midrapidity from Au+Au collisions at E=0.25-1.15 A GeV reveals a significant non-thermal component consistent with a collective radial flow. This component is evaluated as a function of bombarding energy and event centrality. Comparisons to Quantum Molecular Dynamics (QMD) and Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (BUU) models are made for different equations of state.

M. A. Lisa; S. Albergo; F. Bieser; F. P. Brady; Z. Caccia; D. A. Cebra; A. D. Chacon; J. L. Chance; Y. Choi; S. Costa; J. B. Elliott; M. L. Gilkes; J. A. Hauger; A. S. Hirsch; E. L. Hjort; A. Insolia; M. Justice; D. Keane; J. Kintner; H. S. Matis; M. McMahan; C. McParland; D. L. Olson; M. D. Partlan; N. T. Porile; R. Potenza; G. Rai; J. Rasmussen; H. G. Ritter; J. Romanski; J. L. Romero; G. V. Russo; R. Scharenberg; A. Scott; Y. Shao; B. K. Srivastava; T. J. M. Symons; M. Tincknell; C. Tuve; S. Wang; P. Warren; G. D. Westfall; H. H. Wieman; K. Wolf

1995-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

180

Comment on "Circumstantial Evidence for Critical Behavior in Peripheral Au+Au Collisions at 35 MeV/nucleon"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mastinu et al. recently reported the observation of several positive signals possibly indicating critical behavior in peripheral collisions of Au+Au at $E/A$=35 MeV. In our comment, we examine the choice of variables used to determine the presence (or absence) of critical behavior. We do this by repeating the analysis the work of Mastinu et al. on "data" from a simulation with no critical behavior.

L. Phair; Th. Rubehn; L. G. Moretto; G. J. Wozniak

1996-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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181

Internal Conversion Coefficients of M1 Gamma Rays of Au199 and Au195  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An attempt has been made to measure the internal conversion coefficients of the M1+E2 radiations of Au199 and Au195 with sufficient accuracy to check the effect of the finite nuclear size on internal conversion in this region of Z. In the case of Au199 a direct comparison of the 158-kev pure E2 transition with the 208-kev M1+E2 radiation was possible. Comparison of the gamma-ray intensities determined from scintillation spectrometry with conversion line intensities measured in a small shaped-field spectrometer yielded K, L, M, total shell coefficients. Comparison of these gamma-ray intensities with conversion line intensities photographically recorded in a higher resolution permanent-field spectrometer led to L-subshell coefficients. The results for the 208-kev transition are: aK=0.710.05, aL=0.1440.01, aLI=0.1140.007, aLII=0.02270.0007, aLIII=0.00650.0005, aM=0.0420.04, and aN+O=0.00830.001. The empirical multiplicative factors f by which point-nucleus theoretical values are to be reduced, presumably due to the finite nuclear effect, and the E2 mixing ratio r have been determined: fK=0.7620.08, fLI=0.780.13, fLII=1.000.06, fLIII=1.0, and r=0.110.03. These results, insofar as they may be compared, are not inconsistent with Sliv's predictions (fK=0.8). An experimental value of 0.60 was found for the screening correction to Rose's M-shell coefficients for this Z and energy region.In the case of Au195 only permanent-field spectrograph measurements of the L- and M-subshell conversion of the 98-kev M1+E2 transition were accurate enough for analysis. A comparison of the experimental ratios with the corresponding theoretical point-nucleus L and M values, the latter being corrected empirically for screening, gives: fLI=0.820.10, fLII=0.730.20, r=0.0140.003. In this analysis it has been assumed that LIII shell correction is negligible.More accurate energy values and branching ratios have been obtained. For the radiations of Au199 we find energies of 49.7, 158.3, and 208.0 kev with corresponding relative intensities 8%, 76%, and 16%. The Au195 energies and relative transition rates are 30.8, 98.5, and 129.4 kev, 20%, 72%, and 8%, respectively. Energy values are internally consistent to 0.10 kev.

Paul J. Cressman and Roger G. Wilkinson

1958-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Scintillating bolometers based on ZnMoO$_4$ and Zn$^{100}$MoO$_4$ crystals to search for 0$\  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The technology of scintillating bolometers based on zinc molybdate (ZnMoO$_4$) crystals is under development within the LUMINEU project to search for 0$\

Poda, D V; Arnaud, Q; Augier, C; Benot, A; Berg, L; Boiko, R S; Bergmann, T; Blmer, J; Broniatowski, A; Brudanin, V; Camus, P; Cazes, A; Censier, B; Chapellier, M; Charlieux, F; Chernyak, D M; Coron, N; Coulter, P; Cox, G A; Danevich, F A; de Boissire, T; Decourt, R; De Jesus, M; Devoyon, L; Drillien, A -A; Dumoulin, L; Eitel, K; Enss, C; Filosofov, D; Fleischmann, A; Fourches, N; Gascon, J; Gastaldo, L; Gerbier, G; Giuliani, A; Gros, M; Hehn, L; Henry, S; Herv, S; Heuermann, G; Humbert, V; Ivanov, I M; Juillard, A; Kflian, C; Kleifges, M; Kluck, H; Kobychev, V V; Koskas, F; Kozlov, V; Kraus, H; Kudryavtsev, V A; Sueur, H Le; Loidl, M; Magnier, P; Makarov, E P; Mancuso, M; de Marcillac, P; Marnieros, S; Marrache-Kikuchi, C; Menshikov, A; Nasonov, S G; Navick, X-F; Nones, C; Olivieri, E; Pari, P; Paul, B; Penichot, Y; Pessina, G; Piro, M C; Plantevin, O; Redon, T; Robinson, M; Rodrigues, M; Rozov, S; Sanglard, V; Schmidt, B; Shlegel, V N; Siebenborn, B; Strazzer, O; Tcherniakhovski, D; Tenconi, M; Torres, L; Tretyak, V I; Vagneron, L; Vasiliev, Ya V; Velazquez, M; Viraphong, O; Walker, R J; Weber, M; Yakushev, E; Zhang, X; Zhdankov, V N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Inelastic neutron scattering from single crystal Zn under high pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inelastic neutron-scattering experiments have been performed for single crystals of Zn under pressures up to 8.8 GPa at 300 K. The phonon modes q/qmax=?=0.075 and ?=0.10 were measured in the transverse acoustic branch ?3, where q=0 corresponds with the elastic constant C44. The phonon energy showed a substantial hardening with increasing pressure. The experimental data below 6.8 GPa for ?=0.075 yield a constant Grneisen mode ?i=-ln?i/lnV of 2.25 in good agreement with a previous calculation [H. Ledbetter, Phys. Status Solidi B 181, 81 (1994)]. Above 6.8 GPa, there is a very rapid increase of ?i which is indicative of the presence of a giant Kohn anomaly. This rapid divergence at high pressure indicates that a phonon softening may occur at pressures higher than 8.8 GPa caused by the collapse of the giant Kohn anomaly via an electronic topological transition (ETT). In an earlier Mssbauer Zn study at 4 K [W. Potzel et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1139 (1994)], a drastic drop of the Lamb-Mssbauer factor was observed at 6.6 GPa, which was interpreted as being due to phonon softening, indicating this ETT had occurred. This paper also compares the compressibility data for single crystal Zn and Zn powder using neutron scattering. The results were found to be similar to an earlier x-ray Zn powder experiment [O. Schulte et al., High Pressure Res. 6, 169 (1991)]. 1996 The American Physical Society.

J. G. Morgan; R. B. Von Dreele; P. Wochner; S. M. Shapiro

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A simple photolytic reactor employing Ag-doped ZnO nanowires for water purification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Well-aligned native zinc oxide (ZnO) and silver-doped ZnO (Ag-ZnO) films were deposited on borosilicate glass via a simple, low-cost, low-temperature, scalable hydrothermal process. The as-synthesized ZnO and Ag-ZnO films were characterized by X-ray diffraction; scanning electron microscopy, UVvisible spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. A simple photolytic reactor was fabricated and later used to find the optimum experimental conditions for photocatalytic performance. The photodegradation of methyl orange in water was investigated using as-prepared ZnO and Ag-ZnO nanowires, and was compared to P25 (a commercial photocatalyst) in both visible and UV radiations. The P25 and Ag-ZnO showed a similar photodegradation performance under UV light, but Ag-ZnO demonstrated superior photocatalytic activity under visible irradiation. The optimized doping of Ag in Ag-ZnO enhanced photocatalytic activity in a simple reactor design and indicated potential applicability of Ag-ZnO for large-scale purification of water under solar irradiation.

Innocent Udom; Yangyang Zhang; Manoj K. Ram; Elias K. Stefanakos; Aloysius F. Hepp; Radwan Elzein; Rudy Schlaf; D. Yogi Goswami

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Facile synthesis of graphene/ZnO nanocomposites by low temperature hydrothermal method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: ? Graphene/ZnO nanocomposites were prepared by low temperature hydrothermal method. ? Rhodamine-B degraded by using graphene/ZnO nanocomposites. ? ZnO anchored well on the surface of graphene. -- Abstract: Graphene/ZnO nanocomposites have been synthesized using hydrothermal method at two different temperatures 80 and 90 C. The structure, morphology and optical properties of as synthesized nanocomposites were analyzed through X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and UVvis absorbance spectroscopy. The XRD pattern confirmed the formation of graphene decorated by hexagonal ZnO with high crystallinity. FESEM image revealed that the sheet like graphene decorated with ZnO in homogeneously. Decoration of quasi-spherical ZnO nanoparticles on graphene sheet was confirmed by TEM. The characteristic absorbance peaks of graphene/ZnO nanocomposites were observed in UV visible spectra. The photocatalytic degradation experiment was performed against rhodamine-B dye and showed good catalytic activity for both samples. The graphene/ZnO nanocomposites showed higher catalytic activity then ZnO nanoparticles. The GZN-90 sample showed more catalytic activity than GZN-80 due to higher density of ZnO in graphene surface generates large number of photo-induced electron.

Saravanakumar, Balasubramaniam; Mohan, Rajneesh [Nanomaterials and System Lab, Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-756 (Korea, Republic of)] [Nanomaterials and System Lab, Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-756 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sang-Jae, E-mail: kimsangj@jejunu.ac.kr [Nanomaterials and System Lab, Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-756 (Korea, Republic of)] [Nanomaterials and System Lab, Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-756 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Structural Studies of Al:ZnO Powders and Thin Films | Stanford Synchrotron  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structural Studies of Al:ZnO Powders and Thin Films Structural Studies of Al:ZnO Powders and Thin Films Monday, June 18, 2012 - 2:00pm SSRL Main Conference Room 137-322 Dr. Bridget Ingham, Associate Investigator, MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology Al-doped ZnO (Al:ZnO) is a promising transparent conducting oxide. We have used complementary synchrotron and laboratory techniques to study the incorporation of Al within the ZnO lattice, and measure its effect on the crystallinity of thin films prepared by sol-gel techniques, with an aim to understand how these properties affect the film conductivity. I will present recent results from Al:ZnO powders and thin films, prepared with varying Al concentrations and calcination temperatures. Solid state 27Al NMR and ex situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) were performed on Al:ZnO

187

Structural and optical properties of MgO doped ZnO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Samples of ZnO, Zn{sub 0.5}Mg{sub 0.5}O and MgO were prepared by co-precipitation method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern infers that the sample of ZnO is in single-phase wurtzite structure (hexagonal phase, space group P6{sub 3}mc), MgO crystallizes in cubic Fd3m space group and Zn{sub 0.5}Mg{sub 0.5}O represents mixed nature of ZnO and MgO lattices. Similar features were observed from Raman spectroscopy. The energy band gaps estimated from UV-Vis spectroscopy are found to be 4.21 and 3.42 eV for ZnO and Zn{sub 0.5}Mg{sub 0.5}O samples respectively.

Verma, Kavita; Shukla, S.; Varshney, Dinesh, E-mail: vdinesh33@rediffmail.com [School of Physics, Vigyan Bhavan, Devi Ahilya University, Khandwa Road Campus, Indore-452001 (India); Varshney, M. [Department of Physics, M. B. Khalsa College, Raj Mohallah, Indore-452002 (India); Asthana, A. [Department of Chemistry, Govt. B. V. T. PG Autonomous College, Durg- 491001 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

188

Optical transitions and multiphonon Raman scattering of Cu doped ZnO and MgZnO ceramics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Cu ion, Cu doped ZnO is a p-type semiconductor.13 Additionally, ferromagnetic behavior due were then dried and cold pressed at up to 3 tons for approximately 30 min, followed by annealing at a temperature of 10 K using a Bomem DA8 Fourier transform IR spectrometer and InSb detector. The micro

McCluskey, Matthew

189

Structural properties and spatial ordering in multilayered ZnMgTe/ZnSe type-II quantum dot structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the structural properties and spatial ordering of multilayer ZnMgTe quantum dots (QDs) embedded in ZnSe, where sub-monolayer quantities of Mg were introduced periodically during growth in order to reduce the valence band offset of ZnTe QDs. The periodicity, period dispersion, individual layer thickness, and the composition of the multilayer structures were determined by comparing the experimental high resolution x-ray diffraction (HRXRD) spectra to simulated ones for the allowed (004) and quasi-forbidden (002) reflections in combination with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) profiles confirmed the incorporation of Mg inside the QD layers, and the HRXRD analysis revealed that there is approximately 32% Mg in the ZnMgTe QDs. The presence of Mg contributes to higher scattering intensity of the HRXRD, leading to the observation of higher order superlattice peaks in both the (004) and (002) reflections. The distribution of scattered intensity in the reciprocal space map (RSM) shows that the diffuse scattered intensity is elongated along the q{sub x} axis, indicating a vertical correlation of the dots, which is found to be less defined for the sample with larger periodicity. The diffuse scattered intensity is also found to be weakly correlated along the q{sub z} direction indicating a weak lateral correlation of the dots.

Manna, U.; Noyan, I. C.; Neumark, G. F. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Zhang, Q.; Moug, R. [Department of Chemistry, City College of CUNY, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Salakhutdinov, I. F. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Department of Physics, Queens College of CUNY, Flushing, New York 11367 (United States); Dunn, K. A.; Novak, S. W. [College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, University at Albany-SUNY, Albany, New York 12203 (United States); Tamargo, M. C. [Department of Chemistry, City College of CUNY, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Graduate Center of CUNY, New York, New York 10016 (United States); Kuskovsky, I. L. [Department of Physics, Queens College of CUNY, Flushing, New York 11367 (United States); Graduate Center of CUNY, New York, New York 10016 (United States)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

CuZnO and CuZnO/Al2O3 Catalysts for the Reverse Water-Gas Shift Reaction. The Effect of the Cu/Zn Ratio on Precursor Characteristics and on the Activity of the Derived Catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Comparison is made between CuZnO and alumina-supported CuZnO as catalysts for the reverse water-gas shift (RWGS) reaction. For both types of catalyst the Cu/Zn ratio has been varied between Cu-rich and Zn-ri...

Frank S. Stone; David Waller

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Collective flows of light particles in the Au+Au collision at intermediate energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Skyrme potential energy density functional is introduced into the Ultrarelativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics (UrQMD) model and the updated version is applied to studying the directed and elliptic flows of light particles (protons, neutrons, deuterons, tritons, $^3$He and $^4$He) in $^{197}$Au+$^{197}$Au collisions at beam energies 150, 250 and 400 MeV/nucleon. The results are compared with the recent FOPI experimental data. It is found that the yields and collective flows of light particles can be described quite well. The influence of the equation of state (EoS), medium-modified nucleon-nucleon elastic cross sections (NNECS) and cluster recognition criteria on the directed and elliptic flows is studied in detail. It is found that the flows of light particles are sensitive to the medium-modified NNECS, but not sensitive to the isospin dependent cluster recognition criteria. It seems difficult, however, even with the new data and calculations, to obtain a more accurate constraint on the nuclear incompressibility $K_0$ than the interval 200-260 MeV.

Yongjia Wang; Chenchen Guo; Qingfeng Li; Hongfei Zhang; Zhuxia Li; W. Trautmann

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

192

The influence of Zn vacancy on thermal conductivity of {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}: A molecular dynamics study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of Zn vacancy on lattice thermal conductivity of {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} is studied by non-equilibrium molecular dynamics approach. The lattice thermal conductivity of single-crystal bulk {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} decreases rapidly when there is Zn vacancy, and then when the vacancy grows, the lattice thermal conductivity decreases further but rather slowly, which suggests a scaling law of k{sub v}{approx}n{sub v}{sup -{alpha}} of Zn atom vacancy (n{sub v}) to lattice thermal conductivity (k{sub vac}). This phenomenon is attributed to the fact that the existence of vacancy scattering can significantly decrease the mean free path. When the Zn atom vacant proportion reaches 10%, that is the vacancy model of {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}, the lattice thermal conductivity is 1.32 W/mk along the x-axis and 1.62 W/mk along the z-axis, respectively, which drops by {approx}90% that of its full occupancy model. Therefore, our calculations show that the 10% Zn atom vacancy in {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} is the main reason for its exceptionally low thermal conductivity, and the interstitial Zn atoms have little effect on the thermal conductivity of single-crystal {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}. - Graphical abstract: The bulk thermal conductivity (k{sub pure}) is 11.88 W/mk along the x-axis and 20.00 W/mk the z-axis. When it is 10% vacancy, namely the vacancy model of {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}, the thermal conductivity of {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} is 1.32 W/mk along the x-axis and 1.62 W/mk along the z-axis, respectively, which reduces by {approx}90% that of its full occupancy model. Our calculations show that the 10% Zn atom vacancy in the crystal structure of {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} is the main reason for its exceptionally low thermal conductivity, and the interstitial Zn atoms have little effect on the thermal conductivity of single-crystal {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The lattice stability of {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} decreases remarkably with the growing vacancy. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 10% Zn vacancy leads to its low thermal conductivity and structural instability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Interstitial Zn atoms in {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} mainly stabilize the crystal structure.

Zhai, Pengcheng [Department of Engineering Structure and Mechanics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China) [Department of Engineering Structure and Mechanics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Li, Guodong; Wen, Pengfei [Department of Engineering Structure and Mechanics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)] [Department of Engineering Structure and Mechanics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Li, Yao, E-mail: liyao06@126.com [Department of Engineering Structure and Mechanics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)] [Department of Engineering Structure and Mechanics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Zhang, Qingjie; Liu, Lisheng [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

193

E-Print Network 3.0 - au microscopii debris Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Debris Disks Debris Disk Precursor: The Summary: ,J. - Institute for Astronomy, Hawaii This SED is of AU Microscopii. AU Microscopii is a M dwarf star. Strong......

194

Facile synthesis of PtAu alloy nanoparticles with high activity...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

synthesis of PtAu alloy nanoparticles with high activity for formic acid oxidation. Facile synthesis of PtAu alloy nanoparticles with high activity for formic acid oxidation....

195

Ion-induced phase transition in the AuIn system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The AuIn equilibrium phase diagram exhibits a large number of intermetallic phases which have recently been explored via perturbed...111In probes. In the present work we report on the phase transition from Au7In

A. Kuli?ska; P. Wodniecki; M. Uhrmacher; K.P. Lieb

196

E-Print Network 3.0 - avec atlas au Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

atlas au Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: avec atlas au Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pauline Gagnon Indiana University 1 Le CERN, le...

197

E-Print Network 3.0 - associes au code Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at 1 AU during 1999 (Fig. 1a) are associ- ated... AU in Figure 1b is associated with a broad increase ... Source: Richardson, John - Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space...

198

Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Pt-around-Au Nanocomposite with...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Self-Assembly of Pt-around-Au Nanocomposite with High Activity towards Formic Acid Oxidation. Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Pt-around-Au Nanocomposite with High Activity towards...

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - au sable river Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Le 18 O des rivires est largement variable l'chelle du bassin, depuis -18 au nord... en 18 O. Les 13 C des coquilles sont systmatiquement appauvris par rapport au ......

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - alice au lhc Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

au lhc Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alice au lhc Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 1 V. Rebyakova, (St. Petersburg Polytechnic...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

E-Print Network 3.0 - au probleme du Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

59 Bulletin d'information sur les travaux en cours sur l'cologie du roseau commun (Phragmites australis) au Qubec Summary: australis) au Qubec No 2 - Fvrier 2005 Le 25...

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - au point sur Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

: M. Jean Summary: travaux en cours sur l'cologie et la gestion du roseau commun (Phragmites australis) au Qubec No 21... au cours de l't 2010 sa seconde (et...

203

Synthesis and electronic properties of ZnO/CoZnO core-shell nanowires Song Han, Daihua Zhang, and Chongwu Zhoua  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of interesting DMS nanowires including Mn-doped GaN,18,19 CdS, and ZnS Ref. 19 have been synthesized- hibit ferromagnetism above room temperature when doped with substitutional Mn2+ ions and sufficiently high levels of p-type dopants. Sato et al.8 further revealed that n-type Co- doped ZnO would remain

Zhou, Chongwu

204

Point Defect Characterization in CdZnTe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the defect levels and performance testing of CdZnTe detectors were performed by means of Current Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy (I-DLTS), Transient Charge Technique (TCT), Current versus Voltage measurements (I-V), and gamma-ray spectroscopy. CdZnTe crystals were acquired from different commercial vendors and characterized for their point defects. I-DLTS studies included measurements of defect parameters such as energy levels in the band gap, carrier capture cross sections, and defect densities. The induced current due to laser-generated carriers was measured using TCT. The data were used to determine the transport properties of the detectors under study. A good correlation was found between the point defects in the detectors and their performance.

Gul,R.; Li, Z.; Bolotnikov, A.; Keeter, K.; Rodriguez, R.; James, R.

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

205

XAFS Debye-Waller factors for Zn metalloproteins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An accurate and practical method for the calculation and use of thermal x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) Debye-Waller factors (DWFs) in active sites of metalloproteins is presented. These factors are calculated on model clusters within the local density functional approximation with nonlocal corrections. The DWFs are mapped out and parametrized as a function of the first shell distance and an angle (where applicable), for all significant single and multiple scattering paths, as well as the sample temperature. This approach is applied to the biologically essential but spectroscopically silent Zn{sup +2} active sites composed of histidines, cysteines, and carboxylate ligands in homogeneous and heterogeneous environments. Detailed analysis of the relative scattering paths for Zn metalloproteins using projected vibrational density of states further explain why these paths are not detectable by XAFS for first shell metal-ligand distances above a 'cutoff' value.

Dimakis, Nicholas; Bunker, Grant [Illinois Institute of Technology, 3300 South Federal Street, Chicago, Illinois 60616-3793 (United States)

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

Experimental evidence of V{sub O}?Zn{sub i} complex to be intrinsic donor in bulk ZnO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretical evidence of V{sub O}?Zn{sub i} to be a native donor in bulk ZnO has been under debate. To resolve the issue, we annealed several pieces of as grown zinc rich n-type ZnO thin film having N{sub D} ? 3.26 10{sup 17} cm{sup ?3} grown by molecular beam epitaxy on Si (001) substrate in oxygen environment at 500C 800C, keeping a step of 100C for one hour, each. Room temperature Hall measurements demonstrated that free donor concentration decreased exponentially and Arrhenius plot yielded activation energy to be 1.20.02 eV. This value is in an agreement with the theoretically reported activation energy of V{sub O}?Zn{sub i} donor complex in ZnO.

Asghar, M.; Mahmood, K. [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Hasan, M.-A; Tsu, R.; Ferguson, I. T. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of North Carolina Charlotte, NC 28223 (United States)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

207

Final Technical Report: First Principles Investigations for the Ensemble Effects of PdAu and PtAu Bimetallic Nanocatalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bimetallic surfaces with tunable chemical properties have attracted broad attention in recent years due to their ample potential for heterogeneous catalysis applications. The local chemical properties of constituents are strongly altered from their parent metals by 'ligand effect', a term encompassing the influences of charge transfer, orbital rehybridization and lattice strain. In comparison to the aforementioned, the 'ensemble effect' associated with particular arrangements of the active constituents have received much less attention, despite their notable importance towards the determination of reactivity and selectivity of bimetallic catalysts. We performed theoretical studies for understanding the ensemble effects on bimetallic catalysis: (i) simulations for the formation of different ensembles on PdAu and PtAu nanoclusters; (ii) studies of the size, shape, and substrate dependence of their electronic properties; and (iii) simulations for model reactions such as CO oxidation, methanol, ethylene and water dehydrogenation on PdAu and PtAu nanoclusters. In close collaboration with leading experimental groups, our theoretical research elucidated the fundamentals of Au based bimetallic nanocatalysts.

Ruqian Wu

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

208

Metal contacts on ZnSe and GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, considerable interest has been focused on the development of blue light emitting materials and devices. The focus has been on GaN and ZnSe, direct band gap semiconductors with bands gaps of 3.4 and 2.6 eV, respectively. To have efficient, reliable devices it is necessary to have thermally and electrically stable Ohmic contacts. This requires knowledge of the metal-semiconductor reaction behavior. To date few studies have investigated this behavior. Much information has accumulated over the years on the behavior of metals on Si and GaAs. This thesis provides new knowledge for the more ionic wide band gap semiconductors. The initial reaction temperatures, first phases formed, and phase stability of Pt, Pd, and Ni on both semiconductors were investigated. The reactions of these metals on ZnSe and GaN are discussed in detail and correlated with predicted behavior. In addition, comparisons are made between these highly ionic semiconductors and Si and GaAs. The trends observed here should also be applicable to other II-VI and III-Nitride semiconductor systems, while the information on phase formation and stability should be useful in the development of contacts for ZnSe and GaN devices.

Duxstad, K.J. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Science and Mineral Engineering; [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Materials Sciences Div.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

DEMOCRATIE ET ORGANISATION DES PARTIS POLITIQUES AU GABON Steeve NZEGHO DIEKO1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 DEMOCRATIE ET ORGANISATION DES PARTIS POLITIQUES AU GABON Steeve NZEGHO DIEKO1 Résumé : Pour comprendre la fonction de structuration de la vie politique qu'assument les partis politiques au Gabon, il sert-il au Gabon? Pour répondre à ces questions, nous avons commis une enquête d'opinions en élaborant

Boyer, Edmond

210

Photoelectron spectroscopic study of band alignment of polymer/ZnO photovoltaic device structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we investigated the band alignment of a Ag/poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT)/ZnO photovoltaic structure. At the P3HT/ZnO interface, a band bending of P3HT and a short surface depletion layer of ZnO were observed. The offset between the highest occupied molecular orbital of P3HT and the conduction band minimum of ZnO at the interface contributed to the open circuit voltage (Voc) was estimated to be approximately 1.5 {+-} 0.1 eV, which was bigger than that of the electrically measured effective Voc of P3HT/ZnO photovoltaic devices, meaning that the P3HT/ZnO photovoltaic structure has the potential to provide improved photovoltaic properties.

Nagata, T.; Chikyow, T. [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan)] [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Oh, S.; Wakayama, Y. [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan) [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Yamashita, Y. [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan) [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); NIMS Beamline Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1-1 Koto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Yoshikawa, H.; Kobayashi, K. [NIMS Beamline Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1-1 Koto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)] [NIMS Beamline Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1-1 Koto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Ikeno, N. [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan) [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Nanotechnology Laboratory, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571 (Japan)

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

As-doped p -type ZnO produced by an evaporation?sputtering process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Strongly p -type ZnO is produced by the following sequence of steps: (1) evaporation of Zn 3 As 2 on a fused-quartz substrate at 350 C ; and (2) sputtering of ZnO with substrate held at 450 C . The electrical characteristics include: resistivity of 0.4 ? cm a mobility of 4 cm 2 ? V s and a hole concentration of about 4 10 18 cm ? 3 . This resistivity is among the best (lowest) ever reported for p -type ZnO. Secondary-ion mass spectroscopic analysis gives an average As concentration about 5 10 19 cm ? 3 and a simple one-band fit of the temperature-dependent mobility curve yields an acceptor concentration of about 9 10 19 cm ? 3 . This is strong evidence that the p -type dopant involves As although it is not clear whether the acceptor is simply As O or the recently suggested As Zn ? 2 V Zn .

D. C. Look; G. M. Renlund; R. H. Burgener II; J. R. Sizelove

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Study of interatomic potential and thermal structural properties of ?-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: ? The multi-body interatomic potentials of various models of ?-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} have been developed to describe atomic interactions. ? The radial distribution function shows that the 10% vacancy of Zn site leads to the disorder of ?-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}. ? The 10% vacancy of Zn site is the main cause of the exceptional low thermal conductivity. -- Abstract: Previous experimental research shows that the disordered Zn atoms in ?-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} may have an important influence on its exceptionally low thermal conductivity and easily occurred phase transition. So the present work aims to study the influence of disordered Zn atoms on thermodynamics properties of ?-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} by using molecular dynamics (MD) method. Firstly, based on first principles calculation and experimental results, the interatomic potentials of ?-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} and MD analysis method are established, and the feasibility is verified. Then, the influence of disordered Zn atoms on thermal conductivity of ?-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} is studied in detail. The simulation results indicate that the 10% vacant Zn atoms is the main reason for the exceptionally low thermal conductivity of ?-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3}, and it seems that the interstitial Zn atoms have little effect on its thermal conductivity.

Li, Guodong [Department of Engineering Structure and Mechanics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)] [Department of Engineering Structure and Mechanics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Li, Yao, E-mail: liyao06@126.com [Department of Engineering Structure and Mechanics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)] [Department of Engineering Structure and Mechanics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Liu, Lisheng; Zhang, Qingjie; Zhai, Pengcheng [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

IR spectroscopy of lattice vibrations and comparative analysis of the ZnTe/CdTe quantum-dot superlattices on the GaAs substrate and with the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparative analysis of multiperiod ZnTe/CdTe superlattices with the CdTe quantum dots grown by molecular beam epitaxy on the GaAs substrate with the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers is carried out. The elastic-stress-induced shifts of eigenfrequencies of the modes of the CdTe- and ZnTe-like vibrations of materials forming similar superlattices but grown on different buffer ZnTe and CdTe layers are compared. The conditions of formation of quantum dots in the ZnTe/CdTe superlattices on the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers differ radically.

Kozyrev, S. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)], E-mail: skozyrev@sci.lebedev.ru

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

Methanol synthesis from CO2 over Cu/ZnO catalysts prepared from various coprecipitated precursors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various precursors of Cu/ZnO catalysts were prepared by coprecipitation methods. By varying the conditions of coprecipitation, precursors having different structures (aurichalcite, malachite, hydrozincite, or their mixture) were obtained at given Cu/Zn ratios, ranging from 30/70 to 70/30. In a wide range of the Cu/Zn ratios, the catalysts derived from the precursors containing aurichalcite exhibited high performance in the methanol synthesis from CO2.

Shin-ichiro Fujita; Yoshinori Kanamori; Agus Muhamad Satriyo; Nobutsune Takezawa

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Magnetism in undoped ZnS studied from density functional theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetic property induced by the native defects in ZnS bulk, thin film, and quantum dots are investigated comprehensively based on density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation + Hubbard U (GGA?+?U) approach. We find the origin of magnetism is closely related to the introduction of hole into ZnS systems. The relative localization of S-3p orbitals is another key to resulting in unpaired p-electron, due to Hund's rule. For almost all the ZnS systems under study, the magnetic moment arises from the S-dangling bonds generated by Zn vacancies. The charge-neutral Zn vacancy, Zn vacancy in 1? charge sate, and S vacancy in the 1+ charge sate produce a local magnetic moment of 2.0, 1.0, and 1.0??{sub B}, respectively. The Zn vacancy in the neutral and 1? charge sates are the important cause for the ferromagnetism in ZnS bulk, with a Curie temperature (T{sub C}) above room temperature. For ZnS thin film with clean (111) surfaces, the spins on each surface are ferromagnetically coupled but antiferromagnetically coupled between two surfaces, which is attributable to the internal electric field between the two polar (111) surfaces of the thin film. Only surface Zn vacancies can yield local magnetic moment for ZnS thin film and quantum dot, which is ascribed to the surface effect. Interactions between magnetic moments on S-3p states induced by hole-doping are responsible for the ferromagnetism observed experimentally in various ZnS samples.

Xiao, Wen-Zhi, E-mail: xiaowenzhi@hnu.edu.cn, E-mail: llwang@hun.edu.cn; Rong, Qing-Yan; Xiao, Gang [Department of Physics and Mathematics, Hunan Institute of Engineering, Xiangtan 411104 (China); Wang, Ling-ling, E-mail: xiaowenzhi@hnu.edu.cn, E-mail: llwang@hun.edu.cn [School of Physics and Microelectronics and Key Lab for Micro-Nano Physics and Technology of Hunan Province, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Meng, Bo [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Caili University, Kaili 556011 (China)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

Supporting information for: Na-doped p-type ZnO , Faxian Xiu2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S1 Supporting information for: Na-doped p-type ZnO microwires Wei Liu1* , Faxian Xiu2 , Ke Sun1 flow was switched to argon followed by cooling to room temperature. After the growth, high-density Zn distribution of the Na Doped ZnO microwire 1.3 EDX line scans spectra #12;S3 Figure S3 a) a typical TEM image

Yang, Zheng

217

Zinc Stannate (Zn2SnO4) Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atomic-Scale Imaging of Cation Ordering in Inverse Spinel Zn2SnO4 Nanowires ... Atomic-Scale Imaging of Cation Ordering in Inverse Spinel Zn2SnO4 Nanowires ... By using high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) coupled with density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we demonstrate the atomic-level imaging of cation ordering in inverse spinel Zn2SnO4 nanowires. ...

Bing Tan; Elizabeth Toman; Yanguang Li; Yiying Wu

2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

218

Evaluation of the Au size effect: CO oxidation catalyzed by Au/TiO2.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The size dependence of activity in gold catalysts was examined. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure was used to determine mean particle size, and a flow reactor was used to assess activity of the catalysts for CO oxidation as a function of temperature. A sequence of calcination steps was used to systematically increase the mean Au particle size while repeated measurements of the activity were conducted. In this way the size dependence could be obtained in a single catalyst to avoid differences due to variations in support, synthesis conditions, Au loading, or incidental impurities. Two Au catalysts with different Au loadings were prepared on TiO{sub 2} by deposition precipitation and used for the measurements. For Au particles with mean particle size, d, in the range of 2-10 nm, the measured TOF at 298 K varies as d{sup -1.7{+-}0.2} and d{sup -0.9{+-}0.2} for the 7.2 and 4.5 wt% Au/TiO{sub 2} (P25) catalysts, respectively. Variation between samples emphasizes the conclusion that the activity is sensitive to many factors that may mask the true structure dependence. It is concluded that the observed decrease in activity with increasing particle size beyond 2 nm is controlled by the population of low-coordinate sites, rather than by size-dependent changes in overall electronic structure of the nanoparticle. No evidence was found for maximum activity for small particle sizes, although arguments are offered for why such a maximum was expected but was not observed.

Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL; Schwartz, Viviane [ORNL; Mullins, David R [ORNL; Yan, Wenfu [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Low frequency noise in the unstable contact region of Au-to-Au microcontact for microelectromechanical system switches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The noise behavior of Au-to-Au microcontact for microelectromechanical system switches has been experimentally studied in the unstable contact region. The results suggest that the electrical conduction remains nonmetallic at the initial stage during contact formation due to the existence of alien films, and traps in the alien layer located at the contact interface could play an important role in determining the conduction noise. The conduction fluctuation induced by electron trapping-detrapping associated with the hydrocarbon layer is found to be an intrinsic noise source contributing to the low frequency noise in the unstable contact region.

Qiu, Haodong; Wang, Hong, E-mail: ewanghong@ntu.edu.sg [NOVITAS, Nanoelectronics Centre of Excellence, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Ke, Feixiang [Temasek Laboratories at Nanyang Technological University, Research Techno Plaza, Singapore 637553 (Singapore)

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

220

Transition from in-plane to out-of-plane azimuthal enhancement inAu+Au collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The incident energy at which the azimuthal distributions in semi-central heavy ion collisions change from in-plane to out-of-plane enhancement--E{sub tran} is studied as a function of mass of emitted particles, their transverse momentum and centrality for Au+Au collisions. The analysis is performed in a reference frame rotated with the sidewards flow angle ({Theta}{sub flow}) relative to the beam axis. A systematic decrease of E{sub tran} as function of mass of the reaction products, their transverse momentum and collision centrality is evidenced. The predictions of a microscopic transport model (IQMD) are compared with the experimental results.

Andronic, A.; Stoicea, G.; Petrovici, M.; Simion, V.; Crochet,P.; Alard, J.P.; Averbeck, R.; Barret, V.; Basrak, Z.; Bastid, N.; Bendarag, A.; Berek, G.; Caplar, R.; Devismes, A.; Dupieux, Dzelalija M.; Eskef, M.; Finck, Ch.; Fodor, Z.; Gobbi, A.; Grishkin, Y.; Hartmann,O.N.; Herrmann, N.; Hildenbrand, K.D.; Hong, B.; Kecskemeti, J.; Kim,Y.J.; Kirejczyk, M.; Korolija, M.; Kotte, R.; Kress, T.; Kutsche, R.; Lebedev, A.; Lee, K.S.; Leifels, Y.; Manko, V.; Merlitz, H.; Neubert, W.; Pelte, D.; Plettner, C.; Rami, F.; Resdorf, W.; de Schauenberg, B.; Schull, D.; Seres, Z.; Sikora, B.; Sim, K.S.; Siwek-Wilczynska, K.; Smolyankin, V.; Stockmeier, M.R.; Vasiliev, M.; Wagner, P.; Wisniewski,K.; Wohlfarth, D.; Yushmanov, I.; Zhilin, A.

2000-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Particle Production in Au+Au Collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 9.2 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this report we present the first test run results from Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 9.2 GeV at RHIC. The large acceptance STAR detector has collected ~3k minimum bias collisions during this test run. The azimuthal anisotropy, identified particle spectra, particle ratios and HBT radii are observed to be consistent with the previous measurements from CERN SPS at similar center of mass energies. These results from the lowest collision energy at RHIC demonstrate the STAR detector's readiness to collect high quality data for the proposed Critical Point Search Program which allows us to explore the QCD phase diagram.

Jiayun Chen

2009-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

222

Effect of Zn, Mn, and Fe on Cd accumulation in phytoplankton ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examined the effect of important controlling factors (free ion concentrations of Cd, Zn, and Mn and Fe limitation of growth rate) on Cd accumulation by an...

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - av zn cu Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to promote efficiency of CuZnOAl2O3 catalysts, producing hydrogen with low carbon monoxide levels 13 Source: Mukasyan, Alexander - Department of Chemical and Biomolecular...

224

E-Print Network 3.0 - active site zn Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

carbonate and other Zn-containing compounds1 Graldine Sarret, Emiko Harada, Yong-Eui ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 29...

225

Diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Li(Zn,Mn)P with decoupled charge and spin doping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the discovery of a diluted magnetic semiconductor, Li(Zn,Mn)P, in which charge and spin are introduced independently via lithium off-stoichiometry and the isovalent substitution of Mn2+ for Zn2+, respectively. Isostructural to (Ga,Mn)As, Li(Zn,Mn)P was found to be a p-type ferromagnetic semiconductor with excess lithium providing charge doping. First-principles calculations indicate that excess Li is favored to partially occupy the Zn site, leading to hole doping. Ferromagnetism with Curie temperature up to 34 K is achieved while the system still shows semiconducting transport behavior.

Z. Deng; K. Zhao; B. Gu; W. Han; J. L. Zhu; X. C. Wang; X. Li; Q. Q. Liu; R. C. Yu; T. Goko; B. Frandsen; L. Liu; Jinsong Zhang; Yayu Wang; F. L. Ning; S. Maekawa; Y. J. Uemura; C. Q. Jin

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

226

The Role of ZnO Nanoparticle Electrostatic Properties in Cancer Cell Cytotoxicity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??ZnO nanoparticles have previously been shown to exhibit selective cytotoxicity against certain types of cancerous cells, suggesting their potential use in biomedical applications. In this (more)

Louka, Panagiota

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Transport and magnetotransport study of Mg doped ZnO thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report negative magnetoresistance in pulsed laser deposited single phase ZnO and Mg{sub 0.268}Zn{sub 0.732}O films and attribute it to the presence of oxygen interstitials (O{sub i}) and zinc interstitials (Zn{sub i}) as observed in the X-ray photoelectron spectra of the films. An interesting feature of reduction of negative magnetoresistance at low temperatures and large fields in Mg{sub 0.268}Zn{sub 0.732}O film is observed and is explained by taking into account the localized scattering.

Agrawal, Arpana; Dar, Tanveer A., E-mail: tanveerphysics@gmail.com; Sen, Pratima [Laser Bhawan, School of Physics, Devi Ahilya University, Indore 452 017 (India); Phase, Deodatta M. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Khandwa Road, Indore 452017 (India)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

228

Optical and morphological properties of graphene sheets decorated with ZnO nanowires via polyol enhancement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphene-ZnO nanocomposites have proven to be very useful materials for photovoltaic and sensor applications. Here, we report a facile, one-step in situ polymerization method for synthesis of graphene sheets randomly decorated with zinc oxide nanowires using ethylene glycol as solvent. We have used hydrothermal treatment for growth of ZnO nanowires. UV-visible spectra peak shifting around 288nm and 307 nm shows the presence of ZnO on graphene structure. Photoluminiscence spectra (PL) in 400nm-500nm region exhibits the luminescence quenching effect. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image confirms the growth of ZnO nanowires on graphene sheets.

Sharma, Vinay, E-mail: winn201@gmail.com; Rajaura, Rajveer Singh, E-mail: winn201@gmail.com [Centre for Converging Technologies, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur - 302004 (India); Sharma, Preetam K.; Srivastava, Subodh; Vijay, Y. K. [Department of Physics, Thin Film and Membrane Science Lab., University of Rajasthan, Jaipur - 302004 (India); Sharma, S. S. [Department of Physics, Govt. Women Engineering College, Ajmer- 305002 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

229

Methanol-tolerant carbon aerogel-supported PtAu catalysts for direct methanol fuel cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

PtAu nanoparticles supported on carbon aerogel, namely 2:1 has been synthesized by the microwave-assisted polyol process. The structure of PtAu nanoparticles is characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The electrochemical property of PtAu catalysts for methanol oxidation is evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV). The results show that Au-modified Pt catalysts exhibit a high methanol tolerance and improved electrochemical catalytic activity, suggesting that carbon aerogel supported PtAu catalysts are better catalysts for the electrochemical oxidation of methanol than conventional Pt catalysts.

Hong Zhu; Zhijun Guo; Xinwei Zhang; Kefei Han; Yubao Guo; Fanghui Wang; Zhongming Wang; Yongsheng Wei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Visualization of Peroxynitrite-Induced Changes of Labile Zn[superscript 2+] in the Endoplasmic Reticulum with Benzoresorufin-based Fluorescent Probes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zn[superscript 2+] plays essential roles in biology, and the homeostasis of Zn[superscript 2+] is tightly regulated in all cells. Subcellular distribution and trafficking of labile Zn[superscript 2+], and its inter-relation ...

Lin, Wei

231

Impact of high-oxygen thermal annealing on the structural, optical and electrical properties of ZnO discs made from 20-nm ZnO nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

20-nm nanoparticles of zinc oxide (ZnO) were used to make high-density ZnO discs by uniaxial pressing at 4 ton/cm2 pressure and sintering at 1200 C for 1 hour. High-oxygen thermal annealing performed on the ZnO discs was found to have a profound impact especially enhanced grain growth even at a low annealing temperature of only 400 C. Moreover we observed a unique secondary growth of ZnO nanoparticles and growth of multilayer grains that have not been reported elsewhere. The strong solid state reaction during annealing was probably attributed to the high surface area of the 20-nm ZnO nanoparticles that promoted strong surface reaction even at low annealing temperatures. The ZnO discs have been found to contain a very high concentration of structural defects (oxygen vacancies and zinc/oxygen interstitials) that was indicated by the dominant and broad visible photoluminescence (PL) emission in the green band with peaks at (519 - 533) nm and it was found that this visible emission was greatly increased after annealing treatment especially at 800 C. Annealing treatment also was found to improved the grain crystallinity as illustrated by the lowering of intrinsic compressive stress based on the XRD lattice constant and full-wave half-maximum (FWHM) data. The electrical properties of the ZnO discs were also greatly influenced by the annealing treatment especially a big drop in the breakdown voltage from 362 V (as-grown sample) to 170 V (800 C sample). The resistivity also experienced a dramatic drop from 267 k?.cm (as-grown sample) to 74.6 k?.cm (800 C sample). High-oxygen thermal annealing can be employed as a new technique in controlling the breakdown voltage of ZnO discs made from ZnO nanoparticles with improved structural properties.

Rabab Khalid Sendi; Shahrom Mahmud

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Point Defect Configurations of Supersaturated Au Atoms Inside Si  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Dhananjay Kumar,, Sokrates T. Pantelides,,# and Stephen J. Pennycook,# Materials Science and Technology Di, Spain, Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2, 06120 Halle, Germany, and Department of stable silicides in the Au-Si phase diagram suggests growth of clean Si nanowires might be possible

Pennycook, Steve

233

HCOOH Dehydrogenation on Au DOI: 10.1002/anie.200805723  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

both routes, either directly or via subsequent water-gas shift (WGS).[8­11] Formates act in HCOOH dissociation, evident from its first-order HCOOH decomposition kinetics.[12] Small Au clusters ( in transmission electron micrographs, TEM). Activation ener- gies in the zero-order kinetic regime were 53 ? 2 k

Iglesia, Enrique

234

Academic vacancies www.campusreviewjobs.com.au Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 Academic vacancies www.campusreviewjobs.com.au ­ Campus Review has academic job vacancies listed in the UK and internationally. www.universityjobs.com ­ University Job Bank contains academic job vacancies. Newspapers Read the Situations Vacant section of the major newspapers. For mainly South-Island vacancies

Hickman, Mark

235

Transverse-momentum dependent modification of dynamic texture in central Au+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 200 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Correlations in the hadron distributions produced in relativistic Au+Au collisions are studied in the discrete wavelet expansion method. The analysis is performed in the space of pseudorapidity (|{eta}| {le} 1) and azimuth (full 2{pi}) in bins of transverse momentum (p{sub t}) from 0.14 {le} p{sub t} {le} 2.1 GeV/c. In peripheral Au+Au collisions a correlation structure ascribed to minijet fragmentation is observed. It evolves with collision centrality and p{sub t} in a way not seen before which suggests strong dissipation of minijet fragmentation in the longitudinally-expanding medium.

Adams, J.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, B.D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Bai, Y.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, B.I.; Bharadwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A.K.; Bhatia, V.S.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.V.; Bravar, A.; Bystersky, M.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de la Barca Sanchez, M.; Castillo, J.; Cebra, D.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; de Moura, M.M.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dogra, S.M.; Dong, W.J.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dubey, A.K.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Mazumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Edwards, W.R.; Efimov, L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Fomenko, K.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Gans, J.; Ganti, M.S.; Gaudichet, L.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, J.E.; Grachov, O.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, S.M.; Guo, Y.; Gupta, A.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Hallman, T.J.; Hamed, A.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Hepplemann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang, S.L.; Hughes, E.W.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Jiang, H.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Khodyrev, V.Yu.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Kislov, E.M.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Klyachko, A.; Koetke, D.D.; Kollegger, T.; Kopytine, S.M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V.I.; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kumar, A.; Kutuev, R.Kh.; et al.

2005-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

236

Transverse momentum and centrality dependence of high-ptnon-photonic electron suppression in Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$= 200 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The STAR collaboration at RHIC reports measurements of theinclusive yield of non-photonic electrons, which arise dominantly fromsemi-leptonic decays of heavy flavor mesons, over a broad range oftransverse momenta (1.2Au, and AuAucollisions at sqrt sNN = 200 GeV. The non-photonic electron yieldexhibits unexpectedly large suppression in central AuAu collisions athigh pt, suggesting substantial heavy quark energy loss at RHIC. Thecentrality and \\pt dependences of the suppression provide constraints ontheoretical models of suppression.

Abelev, B.I.; Adams, J.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett,J.; Anderson, B.D.; Anderson, M.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Bai,Y.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellingeri-Laurikainen, A.; Bellwied, R.; Benedosso, F.; Bhardwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A.K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, S.-L.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Bouchet, J.; Brandin, A.V.; Bravar, A.; Bystersky, M.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai,X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de la Barca Sanchez, M.; Castillo, J.; Catu,O.; Cebra, D.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen,H.F.; Chen, J.H.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cosentino, M.R.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford,H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; Daugherity, M.; de Moura, M.M.; Dedovich, T.G.; DePhillips, M.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Djawotho,P.; Dogra, S.M.; Dong, W.J.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Mazumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Edwards, W.R.; Efimov,L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch,E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Gaillard, L.; Ganti,M.S.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, J.S.; Gorbunov, Y.G.; Gos,H.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, S.M.; Guimaraes, K.S.F.F.; Guo,Y.; Gupta, N.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Haag, B.; Hallman, T.J.; Hamed, A.; Harris, J.W.; He, W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Hepplemann, S.; Hippolyte,B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffman, A.M.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Horner, M.J.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang, S.L.; Hughes, E.W.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Jacobs,P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Jakl, P.; Jia, F.; Jiang, H.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Khodyrev, V.Yu.; Kim, B.C.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Kislov, E.M.; Klein,S.R.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D.D.; et al.

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

237

LA SPECTROSCOPIE DE PERTE D'NERGIE DES LECTRONS APPLIQUE AUX BATTERIES AU LITHIUM : EXPRIENCES ET SIMULATIONS AU SEUIL K DU LITHIUM.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Ce travail combine tudes exprimentales et thoriques au seuil K du lithium dans le but de permettre une meilleure comprhension des proprits des matriaux pour (more)

Mauchamp, V.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Effect of the Support on the Electronic Structure of Au Nanoparticles Supported on Transition Metal Carbides: Choice of the Best Substrate for Au Activation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Periodic density functional theory calculations on large supercells have been carried out to investigate the atomic and electronic structure of small gold particles (Au{sub 2}, Au{sub 4}, Au{sub 9}, Au{sub 13}, and Au{sub 14}) supported on the (001) surface of various transition metal carbides (TiC, ZrC, VC, and {delta}-MoC). All the supported Au particles exhibited strong interactions with the C sites of the metal-carbide surfaces. Nevertheless, the interactions between adsorbed Au atoms were attractive, thus ultimately facilitating nucleation of two- or three-dimensional metal particles. The presence of the underlying carbide strongly modified the electronic structure and charge density of the supported metal particles resulting in the experimentally proven improved catalytic performance of the resulting systems as compared with cases where the support is an oxide. The electronic perturbations were quite strong for two-dimensional gold particles directly in contact with the carbide substrates and gradually decreased for two-layer and three-layer thick supported particles. While all the metal carbides examined induced a qualitatively similar perturbation on the supported Au particles, the effect is significantly larger for ZrC thus suggesting that the resulting model catalyst would perform even better than the already tried Au/TiC system.

Rodriguez, J.A.; Florez, E.; Feria, L.; Vies, F.; Illas, F.

2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

239

Effect of the Support on the Electronic Structure of Au Nanoparticles Supported on Transition Metal Carbides: Choice of the Best Substrate for Au Activation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Periodic density functional theory calculations on large supercells have been carried out to investigate the atomic and electronic structure of small gold particles (Au{sub 2}, Au{sub 4}, Au{sub 9}, Au{sub 13}, and Au{sub 14}) supported on the (001) surface of various transition metal carbides (TiC, ZrC, VC, and {delta}-MoC). All the supported Au particles exhibited strong interactions with the C sites of the metal-carbide surfaces. Nevertheless, the interactions between adsorbed Au atoms were attractive, thus ultimately facilitating nucleation of two- or three-dimensional metal particles. The presence of the underlying carbide strongly modified the electronic structure and charge density of the supported metal particles resulting in the experimentally proven improved catalytic performance of the resulting systems as compared with cases where the support is an oxide. The electronic perturbations were quite strong for two-dimensional gold particles directly in contact with the carbide substrates and gradually decreased for two-layer and three-layer thick supported particles. While all the metal carbides examined induced a qualitatively similar perturbation on the supported Au particles, the effect is significantly larger for ZrC thus suggesting that the resulting model catalyst would perform even better than the already tried Au/TiC system.

Florez, E.; Feria, L; Vines, F; Rodriguez, J; Illas, F

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C2, supplkment au nO 3, Tome 40, mars 1979, page C2-123 A STUDY OF LOCAL ATOMIC AND ELECTRONIC STRUCTURES OF LIQUID-QUENCHED La-AU ALLOYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and crystallized (annea- led at 350'~ for 3 h.) La78Au2~.sFeo.s specimens are shown in figure 1. Nearly all the Au that it was compo- sed of La2Au phase and a.small amount of cr phase in which Au atoms are hardly solubleJOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C2, supplkment au nO 3, Tome 40, mars 1979, page C2-123 A STUDY

Boyer, Edmond

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241

Observation of dynamic water microadsorption on Au surface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental and theoretical research on water wettability, adsorption, and condensation on solid surfaces has been ongoing for many decades because of the availability of new materials, new detection and measurement techniques, novel applications, and different scales of dimensions. Au is a metal of special interest because it is chemically inert, has a high surface energy, is highly conductive, and has a relatively high melting point. It has wide applications in semiconductor integrated circuitry, microelectromechanical systems, microfluidics, biochips, jewelry, coinage, and even dental restoration. Therefore, its surface condition, wettability, wear resistance, lubrication, and friction attract a lot of attention from both scientists and engineers. In this paper, the authors experimentally investigated Au{sub 2}O{sub 3} growth, wettability, roughness, and adsorption utilizing atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, reflectance spectrometry, and contact angle measurement. Samples were made using a GaAs substrate. Utilizing a super-hydrophilic Au surface and the proper surface conditions of the surrounding GaAs, dynamic microadsorption of water on the Au surface was observed in a clean room environment. The Au surface area can be as small as 12??m{sup 2}. The adsorbed water was collected by the GaAs groove structure and then redistributed around the structure. A model was developed to qualitatively describe the dynamic microadsorption process. The effective adsorption rate was estimated by modeling and experimental data. Devices for moisture collection and a liquid channel can be made by properly arranging the wettabilities or contact angles of different materials. These novel devices will be very useful in microfluid applications or biochips.

Huang, Xiaokang, E-mail: xiaokang.huang@tqs.com; Gupta, Gaurav; Gao, Weixiang; Tran, Van; Nguyen, Bang; McCormick, Eric; Cui, Yongjie; Yang, Yinbao; Hall, Craig; Isom, Harold [TriQuint Semiconductor, Inc., 500 W Renner Road, Richardson, Texas 75080 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

Mineral formation from aqueous solution. Part III. The stability of aurichalcite, (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6, and rosasite (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stabilities of rosasite, (Cu, Zn)2 (CO3)(OH)2, and aurichalcite, (Zn, Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6, have been determined by solution experiments with computer calculations of aqueous species in equilibrium with the solid ...

Alwan K. Alwan; J. H. Thomas; Peter A. Williams

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Partonic flow and $?$-meson production in Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present first measurements of the $\\phi$-meson elliptic flow ($v_{2}(p_{T})$) and high statistics $p_{T}$ distributions for different centralities from $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC. In minimum bias collisions the $v_{2}$ of the $\\phi$ meson is consistent with the trend observed for mesons. The ratio of the yields of the $\\Omega$ to those of the $\\phi$ as a function of transverse momentum is consistent with a model based on the recombination of thermal $s$ quarks up to $p_{T}\\sim 4$ GeV/$c$, but disagrees at higher momenta. The nuclear modification factor ($R_{CP}$) of $\\phi$ follows the trend observed in the $K^{0}_{S}$ mesons rather than in $\\Lambda$ baryons, supporting baryon-meson scaling. Since $\\phi$-mesons are made via coalescence of seemingly thermalized $s$ quarks in central Au+Au collisions, the observations imply hot and dense matter with partonic collectivity has been formed at RHIC.

B. I. Abelev

2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

244

Energy and system size dependence of phi meson production in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the beam-energy and system-size dependence of {phi} meson production (using the hadronic decay mode {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}) by comparing the new results from Cu + Cu collisions and previously reported Au + Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 62.4 and 200 GeV measured in the STAR experiment at RHIC. Data presented are from midrapidity (|y| < 0.5) for 0.4 < p{sub T} < 5 GeV/c. At a given beam energy, the transverse momentum distributions for {phi} mesons are observed to be similar in yield and shape for Cu + Cu and Au + Au colliding systems with similar average numbers of participating nucleons. The {phi} meson yields in nucleus-nucleus collisions, normalized by the average number of participating nucleons, are found to be enhanced relative to those from p + p collisions with a different trend compared to strange baryons. The enhancement for {phi} mesons is observed to be higher at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV compared to 62.4 GeV. These observations for the produced {phi}(s{bar s}) mesons clearly suggest that, at these collision energies, the source of enhancement of strange hadrons is related to the formation of a dense partonic medium in high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions and cannot be alone due to canonical suppression of their production in smaller systems.

STAR Coll

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

245

Neutral Pion Production in Au+Au Collisions at sqrt sNN = 200 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of mid-rapidity (0 < y < 0.8) neutral pion spectra over an extended transverse momentum range (1 < p{sub T} < 12 GeV/c) in {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV Au+Au collisions, measured by the STAR experiment, are presented. The neutral pions are reconstructed from photons measured either by the STAR Barrel Electro-Magnetic Calorimeter (BEMC) or by the Time Projection Chamber (TPC) via tracking of conversion electron-positron pairs. Our measurements are compared to previously published {pi}{sup {+-}} and {pi}{sup 0} results. The nuclear modification factors R{sub CP} and R{sub AA} of {pi}{sup 0} are also presented as a function of p{sub T}. In the most central Au+Au collisions, the binary collision scaled {pi}{sup 0} yield at high p{sub T} is suppressed by a factor of about 5 compared to the expectation from the yield of p+p collisions. Such a large suppression is in agreement with previous observations for light quark mesons and is consistent with the scenario that partons suffer considerable energy loss in the dense medium formed in central nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC.

STAR Collaboration; Abelev, B. I.

2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

246

Energy Lossand Flow of Heavy Quarks in Au+Au Collisions at root-s=200GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) has measured electrons with 0.3 < p{sub rmT} < 9 GeV/c at midrapidity (|y| < 0.35) from heavy flavor (charm and bottom) decays in Au+Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV. The nuclear modification factor R{sub AA} relative to p+p collisions shows a strong suppression in central Au+Au collisions, indicating substantial energy loss of heavy quarks in the medium produced at RHIC energies. A large azimuthal anisotropy, v{sub 2}, with respect to the reaction plane is observed for 0.5 < p{sub rmT} < 5 GeV/c indicating non-zero heavy flavor elliptic flow. A simultaneous description of R{sub AA}(p{sub rmT}) and v{sub 2}(p{sub rmT}) constrains the existing models of heavy-quark rescattering in strongly interacting matter and provides information on the transport properties of the produced medium. In particular, a viscosity to entropy density ratio close to the conjectured quantum lower bound, i.e. near a perfect fluid, is suggested.

Soltz, R; Klay, J; Enokizono, A; Newby, J; Heffner, M; Hartouni, E

2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

247

Energy and system size dependence of ?meson production in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the beam-energy and system-size dependence of \\phi meson production (using the hadronic decay mode \\phi -- K+K-) by comparing the new results from Cu+Cu collisions and previously reported Au+Au collisions at \\sqrt{s_NN} = 62.4 and 200 GeV measured in the STAR experiment at RHIC. Data presented are from mid-rapidity (|y|energy, the transverse momentum distributions for \\phi mesons are observed to be similar in yield and shape for Cu+Cu and Au+Au colliding systems with similar average numbers of participating nucleons. The \\phi meson yields in nucleus-nucleus collisions, normalised by the average number of participating nucleons, are found to be enhanced relative to those from p+p collisions with a different trend compared to strange baryons. The enhancement for \\phi mesons is observed to be higher at \\sqrt{s_NN} = 200 GeV compared to 62.4 GeV. These observations for the produced \\phi(s\\bar{s}) mesons clearly suggest that, at these collision energies, the source of enhancement of strange hadrons is related to the formation of a dense partonic medium in high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions and cannot be alone due to canonical suppression of their production in smaller systems.

STAR Collaboration

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

248

Piezospectroscopic study of substitutional Ni in ZnO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of uniaxial stress on the electronic {sup 3}T{sub 1}(F)?{sup 3}T{sub 2}(F) transitions of Ni{sup 2+} in ZnO at 4216, 4240, and 4247 cm{sup ?1} is investigated by means of Fourier transform IR absorption spectroscopy. A stress Hamiltonian is constructed which accounts for the behavior of these transitions under uniaxial stress. It is shown that the split pattern and polarization properties of these IR absorption lines are consistent with a dynamic Jahn-Teller effect in the {sup 3}T{sub 2}(F) state of Ni.

Lavrov, E. V.; Herklotz, F. [Technische Universitt Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Kutin, Y. S. [Kazan Federal University, Federal Center of Shared Facilities, 420008 Kazan (Russian Federation)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

249

Mechanism of the formation of precursors for the Cu/ZnO methanol synthesis catalysts by a coprecipitation method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Precursors of Cu/ZnO catalysts with various Cu/Zn molar ratios were prepared by a coprecipitation method. It was found that amorphous copper hydroxycarbonate and sodium zinc carbonate were intermediates for the f...

Shin-ichiro Fujita; Agus Muhamad Satriyo; Guo Cheng Shen

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The effect of ZnO in methanol synthesis catalysts on Cu dispersion and the specific activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of ZnO in Cu/ZnO catalysts prepared by the coprecipitation method has been studied using measurements of the surface area of Cu, the specific activity for the methanol synthesis by hydrogenation of CO2

T. Fujitani; J. Nakamura

251

An ethanol vapor detection probe based on a ZnO nanorod coated optical fiber long period grating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new ethanol vapor detection probe based on an optical fiber long period grating overlaid with a zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods layer is presented. The ZnO nanorod layer was developed onto...

Konstantaki, Maria; Klini, Argyro; Anglos, Demetrios; Pissadakis, Stavros

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Growth mechanism and properties of ZnO nanorods synthesized by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and ul- traviolet (UV) optoelectronic devices. ZnO can be found easily as n-type because of Zn. Trans- parent electrodes in optoelectronic devices should have high visible transmittance, low

Cao, Hui

253

Infrared spectroscopy of lattice vibrations in ZnTe/CdTe superlattices with quantum dots on the GaAs substrate with the ZnTe buffer layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of the analysis of the infrared lattice reflectance spectra of multiperiod ZnTe/CdTe superlattices with CdTe quantum dots are reported. The samples are grown by molecular beam epitaxy on the GaAs substrate with the ZnTe buffer layer. Due to the large number of periods of the superlattices, it is possible to observe CdTe-like vibration modes in the quantum dots, i.e., the dislocation-free stressed islands formed during the growth due to relaxation of elastic stresses between the ZnTe and CdTe layers are markedly different in their lattice parameters. From the frequency shifts of the CdTe- and ZnTe-like vibration modes with respect to the corresponding modes in the unstressed materials, it is possible to estimate the level of elastic stresses.

Kozyrev, S. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation)], E-mail: skozyrev@sci.lebedev.ru

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Preparation of patterned graphene-ZnO hybrid nanoflower and nanorods on ITO surface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hybrid ZnO nanostructure with controlled morphology have been proved to enhance the physical and chemical properties of the material and used as photodiode and sensor. In this paper, hybrid graphene-ZnO nanoflower and nanorods have been successfully synthesized via a seed mediated method with micropatterned ZnO nanoseed treated with multilayer graphene (MLG) in a hydrothermal process. In typical process, the ZnO nanoseeds with and without resists were spin coated with a multilayer graphene prior to the growth process. The treated seed was then used to grow the ZnO nanostructures in the growth solution that contained equimolar (0.04 M) of zinc nitrate hexahydrate and hexamethylenetetramine. The growth process was carried out inside an autoclave at temperature 70 C. The growth time was 4 h. It was proved that the MLG treatment on micropatterning substrate may induce new morphology formation of ZnO nanostructure. It is expected that the heteroepitaxy reaction occurred between the MLG and ZnO interface. This presence method can be used as an alternative approach to control the morphology of hybrid ZnO nanostructure growth.

Tan, Sin Tee; Umar, Marjoni Imamora Ali; Ginting, Riski Titian; Yahaya, Muhammad; Yap, Chi Chin [School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Umar, Akrajas Ali; Salleh, Muhamad Mat; Majlis, Burhanuddin Yeop; Naumar, Fitri Yenni [Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronics (IMEN), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

255

Degradation of ZnO Window Layer for CIGS by Damp-Heat Exposure: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes our work with more details and an emphasis on the DH-induced degradation of Al-doped ZnO and Zn1-xMgxO alloys. The other two TCOs, ITO and F:SnO2, are not included here.

Pern, F.J.; To, B.; DeHart, C.; Li, X.; Glick, S. H.; Noufi, R.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Recycling ZnTe, CdTe, and Other Compound Semiconductors by Ambipolar Electrolysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electrochemical behavior of ZnTe and CdTe compound semiconductors dissolved in molten ZnCl[subscript 2] and equimolar CdCl[subscript 2]KCl, respectively, was examined. In these melts dissolved Te is present as the ...

Osswald, Sebastian

257

ZnO Nanostructures Single-Crystal Hexagonal Disks and Rings of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ZnO Nanostructures Single-Crystal Hexagonal Disks and Rings of ZnO: Low-Temperature, Large of Chemistry University of New Orleans New Orleans, LA 70148 (USA) Fax: (+1)504-280-6860 E-mail: fli@uno.edu Dr to ellipsoids to disks, and even much more complex shapes, by adjusting experimental parameters,[33] we can

Wang, Zhong L.

258

Hybrid Electrochromic Fluorescent Poly(DNTD)/CdSe@ZnS Composite Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Electrochromic Fluorescent Poly(DNTD)/CdSe@ZnS Composite Films Huige Wei, Xingru Yan, Springdale, Arkansas 72764, United States ABSTRACT: Hybrid electrochromic poly(DNTD)/CdSe@ZnS quantum dots of an electrical current after the application of an appropriate electrode potential.15-17 The electrochromic

Guo, John Zhanhu

259

Tunable White-Light-Emitting Mn-Doped ZnSe Nanocrystals Vijay Kumar Sharma,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tunable White-Light-Emitting Mn-Doped ZnSe Nanocrystals Vijay Kumar Sharma, Burak Guzelturk, Talha report white-light-emitting Mn-doped ZnSe nanocrystals (NCs) that are synthesized using modified orange emission (580 nm), allowed us to achieve excitation wavelength tailorable white-light generation

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

260

Photoluminescence-based measurements of the energy gap and diffusion length of Zn3P2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or liquid contacts,5 with p-Zn3P2/Mg Schottky diodes having exhibited 6% solar energy-conversion efficiencyPhotoluminescence-based measurements of the energy gap and diffusion length of Zn3P2 Gregory M ellipsometric measurements. Bulk minority carrier lifetimes of 20 ns were observed by time

Kimball, Gregory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Water adsorption on stepped ZnO surfaces from MD simulation David Raymand a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water adsorption on stepped ZnO surfaces from MD simulation David Raymand a , Adri C.T. van Duin b Keywords: Zinc oxide Water Solid­gas interfaces Construction and use of effective interatomic interactions force-field for use in molecular dynamics simulations of the ZnO­ water system. The force

Goddard III, William A.

262

The possibility of improving the structural perfection of the new heterojunctions GaAs-(Ge2)1? x (ZnSe)x, Ge-(Ge2)1?x (ZnSe)x, GaP-(Ge2)1?x (ZnSe)x, and Si-(Ge2)1?x (ZnSe)x  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on morphological investigations, as well as on a study of the scanning patterns and diffraction spectra of the heterostructures GaAs-(Ge2)1?x (ZnSe)x, Ge-(Ge2)1?x (ZnSe)x, Ga...

A. S. Saidov; . A. Koshchanov; A. Sh. Razzakov

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

ESR study of the Kondo effect in Au171 Yb and Au174 Yb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently we have reported on Kondo anomalies in the g-value shift and the relaxation rate of ESR in AuYb. This work was extended (1) to a low Yb concentration of 70 ppm to avoid interaction effects and (2) to 1-GHz experiments, in addition to those at 3 and 9 GHz, to study frequency and magnetic field effects. Experiments were performed down to 80 mK (???kT). We present a theoretical analysis of the longitudinal and transverse dynamic susceptibilities, taking into consideration the finite field and frequency. This analysis is based on the work of Gtze and Wlfle, and agrees well with the experiments and shows in particular that in the g-value shift the frequency and field dependence is less important than for the relaxation. The only fit parameter for all relaxation data (different isotopes, concentrations, frequencies, and fields) is the Kondo temperature TK. The theoretical fit explains the relaxation data quite well; however, the fit of the g-value shift yields a different TK.

Y. von Spalden; E. Tsang; K. Baberschke; P. Schlottmann

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Luminescence studies of localized gap states in colloidal ZnS nanocrystals D. Denzler, M. Olschewski, and K. Sattlera)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

form are the II-VI semi- conductor compounds CdS and ZnS.14 ZnS has a band gap of 3.6 eV at 300 K spectra show a broad ultraviolet peak at around 420 nm. ZnS can be doped with Mn very easily, where few Mn atoms substitute for Zn atoms.18 This doping causes a visible orange luminescence at about 590 nm. Both

Sattler, Klaus

265

Direct kinetic correlation of carriers and ferromagnetism in Co2+ : ZnO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the use of controlled introduction and removal of Zni to test the hypothesis that high-Curie-temperature ferromagnetism in cobalt-doped ZnO (Co2+:ZnO) is mediated by carriers. Using oriented epitaxial Co2+:ZnO films grown by chemical vapor deposition, kinetics measurements were used to correlate the oxidative quenching of ferromagnetism with the diffusion and oxidation of interstitial zinc. These results demonstrate controlled systematic variation of a key parameter involved in the ferromagnetism of Co2+:ZnO, namely interstitial zinc, and in the process unambiguously reveal this ferromagnetism to be dependent upon carriers. The distinction between defect-bound and free carriers in Co2+:ZnO is discussed

Kittilstved, Kevin R.; Schwartz, Dana A.; Tuan, Allan C.; Heald, Steve M.; Chambers, Scott A.; Gamelin, Daniel R.

2006-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

266

Synthesis and photocatalytic activity of ZnO/TiO2 nanoparticle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ZnO/TiO2 photocatalysts were synthesised via wet-chemical techniques. These can subsequently be used as efficient photocatalysts which can effectively degrade organic contaminants. Photocatalysts prepared with these techniques were characterised with X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared (FTIR) spectrophotometer, UV-visible spectroscopy and photo luminescence. XRD confirmed the formation of ZnO/TiO2 nanoparticle. UV-visible spectroscopy showed significant difference in the optical absorption. Enhancement in optical absorption of ZnO/TiO2 indicated that it can be used as an efficient photocatalyst under UV irradiation. The photo-reduction activities of photocatalysts were evaluated using methyl orange as organic contaminant. The experiment demonstrated that the photo-degradation value of ZnO/TiO2 was significantly higher than that of ZnO.

R. Parimaladevi; K. Sumathi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Atomic layer deposition of ZnO on ultralow-density nanoporous silica aerogel monoliths  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on atomic layer deposition of an ? 2 -nm-thick ZnO layer on the inner surface of ultralow-density ( ? 0.5 % of the full density) nanoporoussilica aerogel monoliths with an extremely large effective aspect ratio of ? 10 5 (defined as the ratio of the monolith thickness to the average pore size). The resultant monoliths are formed by amorphous- SiO 2 core/wurtzite-ZnO shell nanoparticles which are randomly oriented and interconnected into an open-cell network with an apparent density of ? 3 % and a surface area of ? 10 0 m 2 g ? 1 . Secondary ion mass spectrometry and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy imaging reveal excellent uniformity and crystallinity of ZnO coating. Oxygen K -edge and Zn L 3 -edge soft x-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy shows broadened O p - as well as Zn s - and d -projected densities of states in the conduction band.

S. O. Kucheyev; J. Biener; Y. M. Wang; T. F. Baumann; K. J. Wu; T. van Buuren; A. V. Hamza; J. H. Satcher Jr.; J. W. Elam; M. J. Pellin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Nitrogen doping in pulsed laser deposited ZnO thin films using dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pulsed laser deposition synthesized ZnO thin films, grown at 400C substrate temperature in different oxygen gas pressures, were irradiated with 6 shots of pulsed nitrogen ions obtained from 2.94kJ dense plasma focus to achieve the nitrogen doping in ZnO. Structural, compositional and optical properties of as-deposited and nitrogen ion irradiated ZnO thin films were investigated to confirm the successful doping of nitrogen in irradiated samples. Spectral changes have been seen in the nitrogen irradiated ZnO thin film samples from the low temperature PL measurements. Free electron to acceptor emissions can be observed from the irradiated samples, which hints towards the successful nitrogen doping in films. Compositional analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and corresponding shifts in binding energy core peaks of oxygen and nitrogen confirmed the successful use of plasma focus device as a novel source for nitrogen ion doping in ZnO thin films.

S. Karamat; R.S. Rawat; T.L. Tan; P. Lee; S.V. Springham; E. Ghareshabani; R. Chen; H.D. Sun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Structural and phonon transmission study of Ge-Au-Ge eutectically bonded interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis presents a structural analysis and phonon transparency investigation of the Ge-Au-Ge eutectic bond interface. Interface development was intended to maximize the interfacial ballistic phonon transparency to enhance the detection of the dark matter candidate WIMPs. The process which was developed provides an interface which produces minimal stress, low amounts of impurities, and insures Ge lattice continuity through the interface. For initial Au thicknesses of greater than 1,000 {angstrom} Au per substrate side, eutectic epitaxial growth resulted in a Au dendritic structure with 95% cross sectional and 90% planar Au interfacial area coverages. In sections in which Ge bridged the interface, lattice continuity across the interface was apparent. Epitaxial solidification of the eutectic interface with initial Au thicknesses < 500 A per substrate side produced Au agglomerations thereby reducing the Au planar interfacial area coverage to as little as 30%. The mechanism for Au coalescence was attributed to lateral diffusion of Ge and Au in the liquid phase during solidification. Phonon transmission studies were performed on eutectic interfaces with initial Au thicknesses of 1,000 {angstrom}, 500 {angstrom}, and 300 {angstrom} per substrate side. Phonon imaging of eutectically bonded samples with initial Au thicknesses of 300 {angstrom}/side revealed reproducible interfacial percent phonon transmissions from 60% to 70%. Line scan phonon imaging verified the results. Phonon propagation TOF spectra distinctly showed the predominant phonon propagation mode was ballistic. This was substantiated by phonon focusing effects apparent in the phonon imaging data. The degree of interface transparency to phonons and resulting phonon propagation modes correlate with the structure of the interface following eutectic solidification. Structural studies of samples with initial Au thickness of 1,000 {angstrom}/side appear to correspond with the phonon transmission study.

Knowlton, W.B. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Materials Sciences Div.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

K(892)(*) resonance production in Au+Au and p+p collisions at root s(NN)=200 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The short-lived K(892)* resonance provides an efficient tool to probe properties of the hot and dense medium produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. We report measurements of K* in root s(NN)=200 GeV Au+Au and p+p collisions reconstructed via...

Adams, J.; Aggarwal, MM; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, BD; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, GS; Badyal, SK; Bai, Y.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, LS; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, VV; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, BI; Bharadwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, AK; Bhatia, VS; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, LC; Blyth, CO; Bonner, BE; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, AV; Bravar, A.; Bystersky, M.; Cadman, RV; Cai, XZ; Caines, H.; Sanchez, MCDL; Castillo, J.; Cebra, D.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, HF; Chen, Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, JP; Cormier, TM; Cramer, JG; Crawford, HJ; Das, D.; Das, S.; de Moura, MM; Derevschikov, AA; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dogra, SM; Dong, WJ; Dong, X.; Draper, JE; Du, F.; Dubey, AK; Dunin, VB; Dunlop, JC; Mazumdar, MRD; Eckardt, V.; Edwards, WR; Efimov, LG; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Fomenko, K.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Gaillard, L.; Gans, J.; Ganti, MS; Gaudichet, L.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, JE; Grachov, O.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, SM; Guo, Y.; Gupta, A.; Gutierrez, TD; Hallman, TJ; Hamed, A.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, JW; Heinz, M.; Henry, TW; Hepplemann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, GW; Huang, HZ; Huang, SL; Hughes, EW; Humanic, TJ; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, WW; Janik, M.; Jiang, H.; Jones, PG; Judd, EG; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Khodyrev, VY; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Kislov, EM; Klay, J.; Klein, SR; Koetke, DD; Kollegger, T.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, VI; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, AI; Kumar, A.; Kutuev, RK; Kuznetsov, AA; Lamont, MAC; Landgraf, JM; Lange, S.; Laue, F.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lehocka, S.; LeVine, MJ; Li, C.; Li, Q.; Li, Y.; Lin, G.; Lindenbaum, SJ; Lisa, MA; Liu, F.; Liu, L.; Liu, QJ; Liu, Z.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, WJ; Long, H.; Longacre, RS; Lopez-Noriega, M.; Love, WA; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, T.; Lynn, D.; Ma, GL; Ma, JG; Ma, YG; Magestro, D.; Mahajan, S.; Mahapatra, DP; Majka, R.; Mangotra, LK; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Martin, L.; Marx, JN; Matis, HS; Matulenko, YA; McClain, CJ; McShane, TS; Meissner, F.; Melnick, Y.; Meschanin, A.; Miller, ML; Minaev, NG; Mironov, C.; Mischke, A.; Mishra, DK; Mitchell, J.; Mohanty, B.; Molnar, L.; Moore, CF; Morozov, DA; Munhoz, MG; Nandi, BK; Nayak, SK; Nayak, TK; Nelson, JM; Netrakanti, PK; Nikitin, VA; Nogach, LV; Nurushev, SB; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okorokov, V.; Oldenburg, M.; Olson, D.; Pal, SK; Panebratsev, Y.; Panitkin, SY; Pavlinov, AI; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Petrov, VA; Phatak, SC; Picha, R.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Porile, N.; Porter, J.; Poskanzer, AM; Potekhin, M.; Potrebenikova, E.; Potukuchi, BVKS; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Putschke, J.; Rakness, G.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ravel, O.; Ray, RL; Razin, SV; Reichhold, D.; Reid, JG; Renault, G.; Retiere, F.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, HG; Roberts, JB; Rogachevskiy, OV; Romero, JL; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Sahoo, R.; Sakrejda, I.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Sarsour, M.; Savin, I.; Sazhin, PS; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, RP; Schmitz, N.; Schweda, K.; Seger, J.; Seyboth, P.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Shao, W.; Sharma, M.; Shen, WQ; Shestermanov, KE; Shimanskiy, SS; Sichtermann, E.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, RN; Skoro, G.; Smirnov, N.; Snellings, R.; Sood, G.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Speltz, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stadnik, A.; Stanislaus, TDS; Stock, R.; Stolpovsky, A.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, AAP; Sugarbaker, E.; Suire, C.; Sumbera, M.; Surrow, B.; Symons, TJM; Toledo, AS; Szarwas, P.; Tai, A.; Takahashi, J.; Tang, AH; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, JH; Timoshenko, S.; Tokarev, M.; Trainor, TA; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tsai, OD; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, DG; Urkinbaev, A.; Van Buren, G.; Van Leeuwen, M.; Vander Molen, AM; Varma, R.; Vasilevski, IM; Vasiliev, AN; Vernet, R.; Vigdor, SE; Viyogi, YP; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, SA; Vznuzdaev, M.; Waggoner, WT; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, G.; Wang, XL; Wang, Y.; Wang, Y.; Wang, ZM; Ward, H.; Watson, JW; Webb, JC; Wells, R.; Westfall, GD; Wetzler, A.; Whitten, C.; Wieman, H.; Wissink, SW; Witt, R.; Wood, J.; Wu, J.; Xu, N.; Xu, Z.; Xu, ZZ; Yamamoto, E.; Yepes, P.; Yurevich, VI; Zanevsky, YV; Zhang, H.; Zhang, WM; Zhang, ZP; Zoulkarneev, R.; Zoulkarneeva, Y.; Zubarev, AN.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Rapidity dependence of charged antihadron to hadron ratios in Au plus Au collisions at root(NN)-N-S=200 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present ratios of the numbers of charged antihadrons to hadrons (pions, kaons, and protons) in Au + Au collisions at roots(NN) = 200 GeV as a function of rapidity in the range y = 0-3. While the ratios at midrapidity ...

Ito, H.; Norris, J.; Sanders, Stephen J.

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles from Au+Au collisions at the maximum RHIC energy, root s(NN)=200 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present charged-particle multiplicities as a function of pseudorapidity and collision centrality for the Au-197+ Au-197 reaction at roots(NN)=200 GeV . For the 5% most central events we obtain dN(ch)/detaparallel to(eta=0) ...

Ito, H.; Norris, J.; Sanders, Stephen J.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Carboxylic-containing copolymer as template to prepare CdS, ZnS and doped nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CdS, CdS:Mn, ZnS, ZnS:Mn and ZnS: ... Average particle size, 2.5 nm for CdS nanoparticles, is deduced from UV-vis absorption ... observation of TEM. Characteristic emissions of the doping ions can be observed and...

Lingdong Sun; Bo Xu; Xuefeng Fu; Mingwen Wang

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Room temperature ferromagnetism in undoped and Fe doped ZnO nanorods: Microwave-assisted synthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One-dimensional (1D) undoped and Fe doped ZnO nanorods of average length {approx}1 {mu}m and diameter {approx}50 nm have been obtained using a microwave-assisted synthesis. The magnetization (M) and coercivity (H{sub c}) value obtained for undoped ZnO nanorods at room temperature is {approx}5x10{sup -3} emu/g and {approx}150 Oe, respectively. The Fe doped ZnO samples show significant changes in M -H loop with increasing doping concentration. Both undoped and Fe doped ZnO nanorods exhibit a Curie transition temperature (T{sub c}) above 390 K. Electron spin resonance and Moessbauer spectra indicate the presence of ferric ions. The origin of ferromagnetism in undoped ZnO nanorods is attributed to localized electron spin moments resulting from surface defects/vacancies, where as in Fe doped samples is explained by F center exchange mechanism. -- Graphical abstract: Room temperature ferromagnetism has been reported in undoped and Fe doped ZnO nanorods of average length {approx}1 {mu}m and diameter {approx}50 nm. Display Omitted Research Highlights: {yields} Microwave-assisted synthesis of undoped and Fe doped ZnO nanorods. {yields} Observation of room temperature ferromagnetism in undoped and Fe doped ZnO nanorods. {yields} Transition temperature (T{sub c}) obtained in undoped and doped samples is above 390 K. {yields} In undoped ZnO origin of ferromagnetism is explained in terms of defects/vacancies. {yields} Ferromagnetism in Fe doped ZnO is explained by F-center exchange mechanism.

Limaye, Mukta V.; Singh, Shashi B. [DST unit on Nanoscience, Department of Physics, University of Pune, Pune 411007 (India); Das, Raja; Poddar, Pankaj [Physical and Materials Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008 (India); Kulkarni, Sulabha K., E-mail: s.kulkarni@iiserpune.ac.i [DST unit on Nanoscience, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune 411021 (India)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Isle au Haut, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isle au Haut, Maine: Energy Resources Isle au Haut, Maine: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.0753601°, -68.6333583° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.0753601,"lon":-68.6333583,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

276

Surface Crystallization in a Liquid AuSi Alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray measurements reveal a crystalline monolayer at the surface of the eutectic liquid Au{sub 82}Si{sub 18}, at temperatures above the alloy's melting point. Surface-induced atomic layering, the hallmark of liquid metals, is also found below the crystalline monolayer. The layering depth, however, is threefold greater than that of all liquid metals studied to date. The crystallinity of the surface monolayer is notable, considering that AuSi does not form stable bulk crystalline phases at any concentration and temperature and that no crystalline surface phase has been detected thus far in any pure liquid metal or nondilute alloy. These results are discussed in relation to recently suggested models of amorphous alloys.

Shpyrko,O.; Streitel, R.; Balagurusamy, V.; Grigoriev, A.; Deutsch, M.; Ocko, B.; Meron, M.; Lin, B.; Pershan, P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Thermal diffusion in Au?WTi?Pd metallization on silicon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of investigation of thermal diffusion in Au?Wti?Pd metallization on (111) n-Si. Thin films were deposited by dc sputtering to the thickness of 50 (Pd), 100200 (WTi) and 70200 nm (Au). After deposition the samples were subjected to thermal treatments vacuum 1 10?5 mbar, at temperatures up to 600C. Characterization included RBS, AES, XRD and SEM structural analysis and sheet resistivity measurements. During annealing up to 450C diffusion occurs only at the Pd?Si interface, at 500C other components interdiffuse at isolated areas of the samples and at 600C there is total interdiffusion on components. Thermal degradation oftthe \\{WTi\\} diffusion barrier is enhanced by the growth of Pd2Si phase, during which silicon is released from the substrate and mechanical stress is introduced. Better diffusion barrier properties were obtained when \\{WTi\\} films were deposited in nitrogen or oxygen atmosphere.

M Milosavljevi?; N Bibi?; M Stojanovi?; J Turkovi?; I.H Wilson

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Au/PO43-/TiO2 and PO43-/Au/TiO2 catalysts for CO oxidation: effect of synthesis details on catalytic performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supported gold catalysts are active for CO oxidation, but the high-temperature deactivation is a shortcoming that may constrain their applications. Herein, we attempted to address this problem by using phosphate-doped Au/TiO{sub 2} synthesized via two routes. In route I, Au/PO{sub 4}{sup 3-}/TiO{sub 2} catalysts were prepared by treating TiO{sub 2} (Degussa P25) with diluted H{sub 3}PO{sub 4}, followed by loading gold via deposition-precipitation. In route II, PO{sub 4}{sup 3-}/Au/TiO{sub 2} catalysts were prepared by treating H{sub 2}-reduced Au/TiO{sub 2} with diluted H{sub 3}PO{sub 4}. These catalysts were systematically pretreated at 200 or 500 C before reaction testing. The overall CO conversion on 200 C-pretreated Au/PO43-/TiO2 or PO43-/Au/TiO2 was always lower than that on 200 C-pretreated Au/TiO2. However, the advantage of the phosphate addition became apparent after thermal treatment at a higher temperature. Both Au/PO43-/TiO2 and PO43-/Au/TiO2 pretreated at 500 C retained significant activities at room temperature, whereas 500 C-pretreated Au/TiO2 lost its activity. Control experiments and catalyst characterization were performed to investigate the impact of synthesis details on catalytic performance.

Ma, Zhen [ORNL; Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C8, Supplkrnent au no 12, Tome 49, dkcembre 1988  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-,Mn,),O.r series also ::-WTi V Cr Mn Fe CO Ni CU Zn demonstrates the predicted substitution (Tab. I

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

280

Entropy in C12+Au197 at intermediate energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isotopically resolved yields of complex particles and fragments from the reaction C12 on Au197 at three bombarding energies EA=30,48,and84 MeV were measured. Specific entropies SA were derived from the isotope yield ratios using a quantum statistical model. The entropy increases with the bombarding energy in the case of preequilibrium light particles but, for intermediate mass fragments, has an energy-independent value of SA?2.3.

R. Trockel; K. D. Hildenbrand; U. Lynen; W. F. J. Mller; H. J. Rabe; H. Sann; H. Stelzer; W. Trautmann; R. Wada; E. Eckert; J. Pochodzalla; N. Brummund

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Collective radial expansion in Au+Au reactions from 0.25 to 2 GeV/nucleon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nonthermal expansive component has recently been interpreted from the observed light fragment spectra in Au + Au collisions. We have used the BUU transport model to generate several different freezeout surfaces and applied a coalescence algorithm to approximate the complete final state. We vary the microscopic details leading to specific equations of state, reduce cross sections, and isolate the effect of compression on the spectra for protons and helium isotopes. We find a radial flow signal consistent with experiment in the energy range 0.25A to 1.15A GeV, but find it to be rather insensitive to the microscopic details of the model calculations. 1996 The American Physical Society.

Frank Daffin; Kevin Haglin; Wolfgang Bauer

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Entropy production in the Au+Au reaction between 150A and 800A MeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The entropy per nucleon (S/A) has been extracted for the Au [(150800)A MeV] + Au reaction by using the phase I setup of the 4? facility at GSI, Darmstadt. The entropy has been obtained from the comparison of various observables characterizing the dM/dZ fragment multiplicity distributions, extending up to Z?15, with those calculated with the quantum statistical model. It is the first time that S/A values are determined by considering the full ensemble of charged products detected in the reaction. Consistent values of S/A are found from different methods. These entropy values are shown to be fairly independent of the volume of the participant region considered. They are somewhat lower than those extracted in earlier works but are in good agreement with hydrodynamic calculations and suggest a low viscosity for the hot and dense nuclear matter.

C. Kuhn et al.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Beam-Energy Dependence of Directed Flow of Protons, Antiprotons and Pions in Au+Au Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapidity-odd directed flow($v_1$) measurements for charged pions, protons and antiprotons near mid-rapidity ($y=0$) are reported in $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} =$ 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV Au + Au collisions as recorded by the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). At intermediate impact parameters, the proton and net-proton slope parameter $dv_1/dy|_{y=0}$ shows a minimum between 11.5 and 19.6 GeV. In addition, the net-proton $dv_1/dy|_{y=0}$ changes sign twice between 7.7 and 39 GeV. The proton and net-proton results qualitatively resemble predictions of a hydrodynamic model with a first-order phase transition from hadronic matter to deconfined matter, and differ from hadronic transport calculations.

STAR Collaboration; L. Adamczyk; J. K. Adkins; G. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; C. D. Anson; A. Aparin; D. Arkhipkin; E. C. Aschenauer; G. S. Averichev; A. Banerjee; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; P. Bhattarai; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; L. C. Bland; I. G. Bordyuzhin; W. Borowski; J. Bouchet; A. V. Brandin; S. G. Brovko; S. Bltmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; J. Butterworth; H. Caines; M. Caldern de la Barca Snchez; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; P. Chaloupka; Z. Chang; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; L. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; W. Christie; J. Chwastowski; M. J. M. Codrington; G. Contin; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; X. Cui; S. Das; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; J. Deng; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; S. Dhamija; B. di Ruzza; L. Didenko; C. Dilks; F. Ding; P. Djawotho; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; C. M. Du; L. E. Dunkelberger; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; J. Engelage; K. S. Engle; G. Eppley; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; O. Eyser; R. Fatemi; S. Fazio; J. Fedorisin; P. Filip; E. Finch; Y. Fisyak; C. E. Flores; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; D. Garand; F. Geurts; A. Gibson; M. Girard; S. Gliske; L. Greiner; D. Grosnick; D. S. Gunarathne; Y. Guo; A. Gupta; S. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; R. Haque; J. W. Harris; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; S. Horvat; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; X. Huang; P. Huck; T. J. Humanic; G. Igo; W. W. Jacobs; H. Jang; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; D. Kalinkin; K. Kang; K. Kauder; H. W. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; A. Kesich; Z. H. Khan; D. P. Kikola; I. Kisel; A. Kisiel; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; L. Kotchenda; A. F. Kraishan; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; I. Kulakov; L. Kumar; R. A. Kycia; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; K. D. Landry; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; M. Lomnitz; R. S. Longacre; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. M. M. D. Madagodagettige Don; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; D. A. Morozov; M. K. Mustafa; B. K. Nandi; Md. Nasim; T. K. Nayak; J. M. Nelson; G. Nigmatkulov; L. V. Nogach; S. Y. Noh; J. Novak; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; K. Oh; A. Ohlson; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; D. L. Olvitt Jr.; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. X. Pan; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; B. Pawlik; H. Pei; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; P. Pile; M. Planinic; J. Pluta; N. Poljak; J. Porter; A. M. Poskanzer; N. K. Pruthi; M. Przybycien; P. R. Pujahari; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; A. Quintero; S. Ramachandran; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; C. K. Riley; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; J. F. Ross; A. Roy; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; O. Rusnakova; N. R. Sahoo; P. K. Sahu; I. Sakrejda; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; W. B. Schmidke; N. Schmitz; J. Seger; P. Seyboth; N. Shah; E. Shahaliev; P. V. Shanmuganathan; M. Shao; B. Sharma; W. Q. Shen; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; D. Smirnov; N. Smirnov; D. Solanki; P. Sorensen; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; M. Sumbera; X. Sun; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; M. A. Szelezniak; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; T. Tarnowsky; J. H. Thomas; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; P. Tribedy; B. A. Trzeciak; O. D. Tsai; J. Turnau; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; M. Vandenbroucke; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; R. Vertesi; F. Videbk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; A. Vossen; M. Wada; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; Y. F. Wu; Z. Xiao; W. Xie; K. Xin; H. Xu; J. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; W. Yan; C. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. Yang; Z. Ye; P. Yepes; L. Yi; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; N. Yu; Y. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zha; J. B. Zhang; J. L. Zhang; S. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; F. Zhao; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; Y. Zoulkarneeva; M. Zyzak

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

284

Beam-Energy Dependence of Directed Flow of Protons, Antiprotons and Pions in Au+Au Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapidity-odd directed flow($v_1$) measurements for charged pions, protons and antiprotons near mid-rapidity ($y=0$) are reported in $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} =$ 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV Au + Au collisions as recorded by the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). At intermediate impact parameters, the proton and net-proton slope parameter $dv_1/dy|_{y=0}$ shows a minimum between 11.5 and 19.6 GeV. In addition, the net-proton $dv_1/dy|_{y=0}$ changes sign twice between 7.7 and 39 GeV. The proton and net-proton results qualitatively resemble predictions of a hydrodynamic model with a first-order phase transition from hadronic matter to deconfined matter, and differ from hadronic transport calculations.

Adamczyk, L; Agakishiev, G; Aggarwal, M M; Ahammed, Z; Alekseev, I; Alford, J; Anson, C D; Aparin, A; Arkhipkin, D; Aschenauer, E C; Averichev, G S; Banerjee, A; Beavis, D R; Bellwied, R; Bhasin, A; Bhati, A K; Bhattarai, P; Bichsel, H; Bielcik, J; Bielcikova, J; Bland, L C; Bordyuzhin, I G; Borowski, W; Bouchet, J; Brandin, A V; Brovko, S G; Bltmann, S; Bunzarov, I; Burton, T P; Butterworth, J; Caines, H; Snchez, M Caldern de la Barca; Cebra, D; Cendejas, R; Cervantes, M C; Chaloupka, P; Chang, Z; Chattopadhyay, S; Chen, H F; Chen, J H; Chen, L; Cheng, J; Cherney, M; Chikanian, A; Christie, W; Chwastowski, J; Codrington, M J M; Contin, G; Cramer, J G; Crawford, H J; Cui, X; Das, S; Leyva, A Davila; De Silva, L C; Debbe, R R; Dedovich, T G; Deng, J; Derevschikov, A A; de Souza, R Derradi; Dhamija, S; di Ruzza, B; Didenko, L; Dilks, C; Ding, F; Djawotho, P; Dong, X; Drachenberg, J L; Draper, J E; Du, C M; Dunkelberger, L E; Dunlop, J C; Efimov, L G; Engelage, J; Engle, K S; Eppley, G; Eun, L; Evdokimov, O; Eyser, O; Fatemi, R; Fazio, S; Fedorisin, J; Filip, P; Finch, E; Fisyak, Y; Flores, C E; Gagliardi, C A; Gangadharan, D R; Garand, D; Geurts, F; Gibson, A; Girard, M; Gliske, S; Greiner, L; Grosnick, D; Gunarathne, D S; Guo, Y; Gupta, A; Gupta, S; Guryn, W; Haag, B; Hamed, A; Han, L-X; Haque, R; Harris, J W; Heppelmann, S; Hirsch, A; Hoffmann, G W; Hofman, D J; Horvat, S; Huang, B; Huang, H Z; Huang, X; Huck, P; Humanic, T J; Igo, G; Jacobs, W W; Jang, H; Judd, E G; Kabana, S; Kalinkin, D; Kang, K; Kauder, K; Ke, H W; Keane, D; Kechechyan, A; Kesich, A; Khan, Z H; Kikola, D P; Kisel, I; Kisiel, A; Koetke, D D; Kollegger, T; Konzer, J; Koralt, I; Kotchenda, L; Kraishan, A F; Kravtsov, P; Krueger, K; Kulakov, I; Kumar, L; Kycia, R A; Lamont, M A C; Landgraf, J M; Landry, K D; Lauret, J; Lebedev, A; Lednicky, R; Lee, J H; LeVine, M J; Li, C; Li, W; Li, X; Li, X; Li, Y; Li, Z M; Lisa, M A; Liu, F; Ljubicic, T; Llope, W J; Lomnitz, M; Longacre, R S; Luo, X; Ma, G L; Ma, Y G; Don, D M M D Madagodagettige; Mahapatra, D P; Majka, R; Margetis, S; Markert, C; Masui, H; Matis, H S; McDonald, D; McShane, T S; Minaev, N G; Mioduszewski, S; Mohanty, B; Mondal, M M; Morozov, D A; Mustafa, M K; Nandi, B K; Nasim, Md; Nayak, T K; Nelson, J M; Nigmatkulov, G; Nogach, L V; Noh, S Y; Novak, J; Nurushev, S B; Odyniec, G; Ogawa, A; Oh, K; Ohlson, A; Okorokov, V; Oldag, E W; Olvitt, D L; Pachr, M; Page, B S; Pal, S K; Pan, Y X; Pandit, Y; Panebratsev, Y; Pawlak, T; Pawlik, B; Pei, H; Perkins, C; Peryt, W; Pile, P; Planinic, M; Pluta, J; Poljak, N; Porter, J; Poskanzer, A M; Pruthi, N K; Przybycien, M; Pujahari, P R; Putschke, J; Qiu, H; Quintero, A; Ramachandran, S; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ray, R L; Riley, C K; Ritter, H G; Roberts, J B; Rogachevskiy, O V; Romero, J L; Ross, J F; Roy, A; Ruan, L; Rusnak, J; Rusnakova, O; Sahoo, N R; Sahu, P K; Sakrejda, I; Salur, S; Sandweiss, J; Sangaline, E; Sarkar, A; Schambach, J; Scharenberg, R P; Schmah, A M; Schmidke, W B; Schmitz, N; Seger, J; Seyboth, P; Shah, N; Shahaliev, E; Shanmuganathan, P V; Shao, M; Sharma, B; Shen, W Q; Shi, S S; Shou, Q Y; Sichtermann, E P; Singaraju, R N; Skoby, M J; Smirnov, D; Smirnov, N; Solanki, D; Sorensen, P; Spinka, H M; Srivastava, B; Stanislaus, T D S; Stevens, J R; Stock, R; Strikhanov, M; Stringfellow, B; Sumbera, M; Sun, X; Sun, X M; Sun, Y; Sun, Z; Surrow, B; Svirida, D N; Symons, T J M; Szelezniak, M A; Takahashi, J; Tang, A H; Tang, Z; Tarnowsky, T; Thomas, J H; Timmins, A R; Tlusty, D; Tokarev, M; Trentalange, S; Tribble, R E; Tribedy, P; Trzeciak, B A; Tsai, O D; Turnau, J; Ullrich, T; Underwood, D G; Van Buren, G; van Nieuwenhuizen, G; Vandenbroucke, M; Vanfossen,, J A; Varma, R; Vasconcelos, G M S; Vasiliev, A N; Vertesi, R; Videbk, F; Viyogi, Y P; Vokal, S; Vossen, A; Wada, M; Wang, F; Wang, G; Wang, H; Wang, J S; Wang, X L; Wang, Y; Wang, Y; Webb, G; Webb, J C; Westfall, G D; Wieman, H; Wissink, S W; Witt, R; Wu, Y F; Xiao, Z; Xie, W; Xin, K; Xu, H; Xu, J; Xu, N; Xu, Q H; Xu, Y; Xu, Z; Yan, W; Yang, C; Yang, Y; Yang, Y; Ye, Z; Yepes, P; Yi, L; Yip, K; Yoo, I-K; Yu, N; Zawisza, Y; Zbroszczyk, H; Zha, W; Zhang, J B; Zhang, J L; Zhang, S; Zhang, X P; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, F; Zhao, J; Zhong, C; Zhu, X; Zhu, Y H; Zoulkarneeva, Y; Zyzak, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Scaling Properties of Hyperon Production in Au + Au Collisions at sqrt sNN = 200 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the scaling properties of Lambda, Xi, and their anti-particles produced at mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at RHIC at psNN = 200 GeV. The yield of multi-strange baryons per participant nucleon increases from peripheral to central collisions more rapidly than the Lambda yield, which appears to correspond to an increasing strange quark density of matter produced. The value of the strange phase space occupancy factor gamma s, obtained from a thermal model fit to the data, approaches unity for the most central collisions. We also show that the nuclear modification factors, RCP, of Lambda and Xi are consistent with each other and with that of protons in the transverse momentum range2.0< pT< 5.0 GeV/c. This scaling behaviour is consistent with a scenario of hadron formation from constituent quark degrees of freedom through quark recombination or coalescence.

Adams, J.

2006-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

286

Detailed HBT measurements with respect to the event plane and collision energy in Au+Au collisions at PHENIX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The azimuthal dependence of 3D HBT radii relative to the event plane gives us information about the source shape at freeze-out. It also provides information on the system's evolution by comparing it to the initial source shape. In recent studies, higher harmonic event planes and flow have been measured at RHIC and the LHC, which result primarily from spatial fluctuations of the initial density across the collision area. If the shape caused by initial fluctuations still exists at freeze-out, the HBT measurement relative to higher order event plane may show these features. We present recent results of azimuthal HBT measurements relative to $2^{nd}$- and $3^{rd}$-order event planes in Au+Au 200 GeV collisions with the PHENIX experiment. Recent HBT measurements at lower energies will be also shown and compared with the 200 GeV result.

Takafumi Niida for the PHENIX Collaboration

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

287

Measurements of transverse energy distributions in Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}= 200$ GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transverse energy ($E_T$) distributions have been measured for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}= 200$ GeV by the STAR collaboration at RHIC. $E_T$ is constructed from its hadronic and electromagnetic components, which have been measured separately. $E_T$ production for the most central collisions is well described by several theoretical models whose common feature is large energy density achieved early in the fireball evolution. The magnitude and centrality dependence of $E_T$ per charged particle agrees well with measurements at lower collision energy, indicating that the growth in $E_T$ for larger collision energy results from the growth in particle production. The electromagnetic fraction of the total $E_T$ is consistent with a final state dominated by mesons and independent of centrality.

STAR Collaboration; J. Adams

2004-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

288

Transverse energy measurement in sqrt{s_{NN}} = 62.4 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transverse energy distributions ($E_{T}$) have been measured for Au + Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 62.4$ GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. They have been obtained from two measurements, the hadronic transverse energy ($E_{T}^{had}$) and the electromagnetic transverse energy($E_{T}^{em}$). $E_{T}^{had}$ has been measured from the tracks obtained by Time Projection Chamber (TPC) excluding the electrons and positrons. $E_{T}^{em}$ has been obtained by the STAR Barrel Electromagetic Calorimeter (BEMC) which measures the energy of electrons, positrons and photons. The measure of transverse energy gives an estimate of the energy density of the fireball produced in heavy ion collisions. $E_{T}$ per participant pair gives information about the production mechanism of particles.

Raghunath Sahoo; Subhasis Chattopadhaya; Alexandre A. P. Suaide; Marcia Maria de Moura; D. P. Mahapatra

2005-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

289

Elliptic Flow: Transition from Out-of-Plane to In-Plane Emission in Au + Au Collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the proton elliptic flow excitation function for the Au+Au system spanning the beam energy range (2{endash}8)A GeV . The excitation function shows a transition from negative to positive elliptic flow at a beam energy, E{sub tr}{approximately}4A GeV . Detailed comparisons with calculations from a relativistic Boltzmann equation are presented. The comparisons suggest a softening of the nuclear equation of state from a stiff form (K{approximately}380 MeV ) at low beam energies (E{sub beam}{le}2A GeV ) to a softer form (K{approximately}210 MeV ) at higher energies (E{sub beam}{ge}4A GeV ) where the calculated baryon density {rho}{approximately}4{rho}{sub 0} . {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

Pinkenburg, C.; Ajitanand, N.N.; Alexander, J.M.; Chung, P.; Elmaani, A.; Gilkes, M.L.; Gushue, S.; Lacey, R.A.; Lauret, J.; Law, C.; McGrath, R. [Departments of Chemistry and Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States)] [Departments of Chemistry and Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States); Best, D.; Case, T.; Crowe, K.; Odyniec, G.; Olson, D.L.; Rai, G.; Ritter, H.G.; Schroeder, L.; Stone, N.T.; Symons, T.J.; Wienold, T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Das, A.C.; Lisa, M.A. [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Justice, M.; Keane, D.; Liu, H.; Panitkin, S.Y.; Witt, R. [Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242 (United States)] [Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242 (United States); Anderson, M.; Brady, F.P.; Caskey, W.; Cebra, D.; Chance, J.L.; Draper, J.E.; Heffner, M.; Klay, J.; Romero, J.L.; Wood, L. [University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States)] [University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Danielewicz, P. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1321 (United States)] [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1321 (United States); Hirsch, A.S.; Hjort, E.L.; Porile, N.T.; Scharenberg, R.; Srivastava, B. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1396 (United States)] [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1396 (United States); Kaplan, M.; Milosevich, Z.; Whitfield, J. [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)] [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Gushue, S. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Gossiaux, P.B. [SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines, F-44070 Nantes (France)] [SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines, F-44070 Nantes (France); Krofcheck, D. [University of Auckland, Auckland (New Zealand)] [University of Auckland, Auckland (New Zealand); Cole, B. [Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)] [Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Kintner, J.C. [St. Mary`s College, Moraga, California 94575 (United States)] [St. Mary`s College, Moraga, California 94575 (United States); Huo, L.; Liu, Y.M.; Zhang, W.N. [Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001 People`s Republic of (China)] [Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001 People`s Republic of (China)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Catalyst-free growth of ZnO nanorods and their nanodevice applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review recent research activities on catalyst-free growth of ZnO nanorods and their nanodevice applications. Since ZnO nanomaterials add excellent chemical sensing characteristics due to their large surface-to-volume ratio to intrinsic ZnO properties including semiconducting and piezoelectric properties, a wide direct band gap energy, and a large exciton binding energy, they are expected to become one of the most ideal materials for future high performance nanodevice applications. There have been extensive research activities for synthesis of high quality ZnO nanomaterials for nanodevice applications. Among the numerous growth methods, we have focused on catalyst-free metal-organic chemical vapour deposition, since this enables us to grow vertically aligned ZnO nanorods on various substrates, including Si and glass, without any special substrate treatment. This catalyst-free approach yields high purity and single crystalline nanostructures, and does not require a subsequent catalyst removal process. Furthermore, we established techniques for fabricating ZnO nanorod heterostructures with composition modulations along either radial or axial direction, which can provide more opportunities for novel optical and electronic device development. Furthermore, we briefly describe our activities on ZnO nanorod device fabrication and evaluation, including field-effect transistors, biological molecule sensors, Schottky diodes, and light emitting devices. We also address the remaining scientific issues and technical challenges, required to fully understand the device characteristics and to realise integrated nanodevices.

Won Il Park; Dong-Wook Kim; Sug Woo Jung; Gyu-Chul Yi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Identification of As-vacancy complexes in Zn-diffused GaAs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used positron annihilation spectroscopy to study the introduction of point defects in Zn-diffused semi-insulating GaAs. The diffusion was performed by annealing the samples for 2 h at 950 Degree-Sign C. The samples were etched in steps of 7 {mu}m. Both Doppler broadening using slow positron beam and lifetime spectroscopy studies were performed after each etching step. Both techniques showed the existence of vacancy-type defects in a layer of about 45 {mu}m. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy measurements illustrated the presence of Zn at high level in the sample almost up to the same depth. Vacancy-like defects as well as shallow positron traps were observed by lifetime measurements. We distinguish two kinds of defects: As vacancy belongs to defect complex, bound to most likely one Zn atom incorporated on Ga sublattice, and negative-ion-type positron traps. Zn acceptors explained the observation of shallow traps. The effect of Zn was evidenced by probing GaAs samples annealed under similar conditions but without Zn treatment. A defect-free bulk lifetime value is detected in this sample. Moreover, our positron annihilation spectroscopy measurements demonstrate that Zn diffusion in GaAs system is governed by kick-out mechanism.

Elsayed, M. [Department of Physics, Martin Luther University Halle, 06099 Halle (Germany); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Minia University, 61519 Minia (Egypt); Krause-Rehberg, R. [Department of Physics, Martin Luther University Halle, 06099 Halle (Germany); Korff, B. [Bremen Center for Computational Materials Science, University Bremen, 28359 Bremen (Germany); Richter, S. [Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics CSP, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Leipner, H. S. [Center of Materials Science, Martin Luther University Halle, 06099 Halle (Germany)

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

292

Water-gas shift reaction over Cu/ZnO and Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts prepared by homogeneous precipitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both binary Cu/ZnO and ternary Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts were prepared by homogeneous precipitation (hp) using urea hydrolysis. The structure and the activity for the water-gas shift reaction of these catalysts were studied compared with those prepared by coprecipitation (cp). The binary precursors contained hydroxycarbonates such as malachite and aurichalcite phases, whereas the ternary precursors were composed of hydrotalcite, malachite and aurichalcite phases depending on the metal composition. After thermal decomposition, both catalysts contained apparently CuO and ZnO as crystalline phase. No phase derived from Al was observed, since the amount of Al was small as 10at.% in the ternary catalysts. After reduction pretreatment with hydrogen, the catalysts were tested for the shift reaction between 150 and 300C. The activity of hp-catalysts was higher than that of cp-catalysts; binary hp-Cu/ZnO showed higher activity than ternary hp-Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts none the less the surface area was larger for the latter than for the former. The activity apparently depended on the surface area of Cu metal formed on the surface of hp-catalysts and a good correlation was observed between the Cu metal particle size and the activation energy of the shift reaction. However, more precise evaluation of the activity based on turn-over frequency strongly suggested the formation of Cu+ species as the active sites at the boundary between Cu metal particles and ZnO particles. Even after the pre-reduction at the high temperature, 250C, hp-Cu/ZnO catalyst showed no significant deactivation as well as no detectable sintering of the Cu metal particles during 50h of the reaction, indicating that the hp-preparation method afforded the Cu catalysts with high sustainability in the shift reaction.

Tetsuya Shishido; Manabu Yamamoto; Dalin Li; Yan Tian; Hiroyuki Morioka; Masahide Honda; Tsuneji Sano; Katsuomi Takehira

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Precise calibration of Mg concentration in Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}O thin films grown on ZnO substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth techniques for Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}O thin films have advanced at a rapid pace in recent years, enabling the application of this material to a wide range of optical and electrical applications. In designing structures and optimizing device performances, it is crucial that the Mg content of the alloy be controllable and precisely determined. In this study, we have established laboratory-based methods to determine the Mg content of Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}O thin films grown on ZnO substrates, ranging from the solubility limit of x {approx} 0.4 to the dilute limit of x < 0.01. For the absolute determination of Mg content, Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy is used for the high Mg region above x = 0.14, while secondary ion mass spectroscopy is employed to quantify low Mg content. As a lab-based method to determine the Mg content, c-axis length is measured by x-ray diffraction and is well associated with Mg content. The interpolation enables the determination of Mg content to x = 0.023, where the peak from the ZnO substrate overlaps the Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}O peak in standard laboratory equipment, and thus limits quantitative determination. At dilute Mg contents below x = 0.023, the localized exciton peak energy of the Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}O films as measured by photoluminescence is found to show a linear Mg content dependence, which is well resolved from the free exciton peak of ZnO substrate down to x = 0.0043. Our results demonstrate that x-ray diffraction and photoluminescence in combination are appropriate methods to determine Mg content in a wide Mg range from x = 0.004 to 0.40 in a laboratory environment.

Kozuka, Y.; Falson, J.; Tsukazaki, A. [Department of Applied Physics and Quantum-Phase Electronics Center (QPEC), University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Segawa, Y.; Makino, T. [Cross-Correlated Materials Research Group (CMRG) and Correlated Electron Research Group (CERG), RIKEN-Advanced Science Institute, Wako 351-0198 (Japan); Kawasaki, M. [Department of Applied Physics and Quantum-Phase Electronics Center (QPEC), University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Cross-Correlated Materials Research Group (CMRG) and Correlated Electron Research Group (CERG), RIKEN-Advanced Science Institute, Wako 351-0198 (Japan)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

E-Print Network 3.0 - au aerosol nanoparticles Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nanoparticles with osteoblast cells Summary: , such as Au nanoparticles 16-18, iron oxide 17, 19, 20, and silica nanoparticles 10, 21 have also been... The role of...

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - au ii spectra Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering 75 THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 134, 114710 (2011) Ammonia adsorption on iron phthalocyanine on Au(111): Influence on Summary: . The photon energy scale was...

296

E-Print Network 3.0 - au champ magnetique Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

champ magnetique Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: au champ magnetique Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Analyse mathematique de la...

297

E-Print Network 3.0 - au ion irradiation Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Josephson Junctions Summary: of the Au mask after the ion irradiation. Excellent Josephson junctions and Josephson junction arrays... removal of metal mask after ion...

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - au complexe entre Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

complexe entre Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: au complexe entre Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Contributions runies par Gabriel...

299

Examination of charge transfer in Au/YSZ for high-temperature optical gas sensing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Au-nanoparticle incorporated oxide thin film materials demonstrate significant promise as functionalsensor materials for high temperature optical gas sensing in severe environments relevant for fossil andnuclear based power generation. The Au/yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) system has been extensivelystudied in the literature and serves as a model system for fundamental investigations that seek to betterunderstand the mechanistic origin of the plasmonic gas sensing response. In this work, X-ray photoelec-tron spectroscopy techniques are applied to Au/YSZ films in an attempt to provide further experimentalevidence for a proposed sensing mechanism involving a change in free carrier density of Au nanoparticles due to charge transfer.

Baltrus, John P. [U.S. DOE; Ohodnicki, Paul R. [U.S. DOE

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

E-Print Network 3.0 - avec epreuve au Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

du Signal Summary: signal (avec en parallle une initiation continue au logiciel MATLAB). 16 h de Cours (12 sances d'1h... 'utilisation du logiciel MATLAB ; elle...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

E-Print Network 3.0 - au 99mtc-sestamibi couplee Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sept. 2005 - Sept. 2008 Agrege-preparateur (agpr) au departement Terre - Atmosph... ere - Ocean de l'Ecole normale superieure, Paris Sept. 2002 - Aout 2005...

302

E-Print Network 3.0 - au fdg pour Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pour les travaux effectues en collaboration au sein de l'equipe, dans une atmosphere cordiale... permettant des echanges stimulants. Merci ... Source: Ecole...

303

Electrochemical Properties of Colloidal Au-Based Surfaces:? Multilayer Assemblies and Seeded Colloid Films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Slides were dried under Ar, and a Cu contact was affixed to the end of each slide using silver paint (Planned Products). ... Robot Preparation of Au Colloid Multilayers. ...

Michael D. Musick; David J. Pea; Steven L. Botsko; Todd M. McEvoy; John N. Richardson; Michael J. Natan

1999-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

304

Nano scale phase separation in Au-Ge system on ultra clean Si(100) surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the phase separation in Au-Ge system leading to the formation of lobe-lobe (bi-lobed) Au-Ge nanostructures under ultra high vacuum (UHV) conditions ({approx_equal}3 x 10{sup -10} mbar) on clean Si(100) surfaces. For this study, {approx_equal}2.0 nm thick Au samples were grown on the substrate surface by molecular beam epitaxy. Thermal annealing was carried out inside the UHV chamber at temperature {approx_equal}500 deg. C and following this, nearly square shaped Au{sub x}Si{sub 1-x} nano structures of average length {approx_equal}48 nm were formed. A {approx_equal}2 nm Ge film was further deposited on the above surface while the substrate was kept at a temperature of {approx_equal}500 deg. C. Well ordered Au-Ge nanostructures where Au and Ge residing side by side (lobe-lobe structures) were formed. In our systematic studies, we show that, gold-silicide nanoalloy formation at the substrate (Si) surface is necessary for forming phase separated Au-Ge bilobed nanostructures. These results show that the Au-Ge bonding is unstable in nature. Electron microscopy (TEM, STEM-EDS, SEM) studies were carried out to determine the structure of Au-Ge nano systems. Rutherford backscattering spectrometry measurements show gold inter-diffusion into substrate while it is absent for Ge.

Rath, A.; Dash, J. K.; Juluri, R. R.; Satyam, P. V. [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar-751005 (India); Schowalter, Marco; Mueller, Knut; Rosenauer, A. [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Bremen, D-28359 Bremen (Germany)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Ziyad Rahbani, une figure indite de l'homme de thtre au Liban  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sous le nom de ta`ziyeh, emprunté au Persan. Voir l'article de Sabrina Mervin dans ce volume. Arnaud

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

306

Du phonographe au MP3 (1877-2011) DU MEME AUTEUR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lettres persanes. Elle paraîtra saugrenue au premier abord, tant le lancement d'un fichier MP3 sur un

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

307

La gestion des risques industriels : l'exemple de l'le Mandji au Gabon.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??La dmonstration de la situation risque sur lle Mandji au Gabon lgitime lexistence des risques-sites , des risques-transports et (more)

Lila Miyagou, Gisle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Direct Imaging of Quantum Antidots in MgO Dispersed with Au Nanocluste...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

imaging in aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope, that vacancies in excess of Au atoms are clustering together to form antidots at the immediate...

309

Magnetic depth profiling of Fe/Au multilayer using neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present unpolarized and polarized neutron reflectometry data on Fe/Au multilayer sample for ... substrate by RF magnetron sputtering technique. Unpolarized neutron reflectivity measurement yields nuclear scatt...

Surendra Singh; Saibal Basu; M. Gupta

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

E-Print Network 3.0 - au mic debris Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 and AU Mic... Matthews Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics National Research Council of Canada Victoria, B.C. "Debris... , however, significant progress in detecting and imaging...

311

E-Print Network 3.0 - au-rich messenger rna Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

deadenylation of mRNA containing AU-rich element (ARE) promoted by the ARE... , Izaurralde E (2004) Nonsense-mediated messenger RNA decay is initiated by endonucleolytic...

312

E-Print Network 3.0 - au confinement du Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

les travaux en cours sur l'cologie du roseau commun Summary: 'cologie du roseau commun (Phragmites australis) au Qubec No 11 - Avril 2008 Depuis 2003, plusieurs... chercheurs...

313

Photoelectrochemical performance of DSSC with monodisperse and polydisperse ZnO SPs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zinc oxide, ZnO, is one of oxide semiconductors being used in DSSC. ZnO is promising material for having fairly higher energy band gap and much higher bulk electron mobility than that of anatase TiO{sub 2}, the most widely used semiconductor for DSSC photoelectrode. This study introduces the synthesis of ZnO by precipitation method. The synthesis involves ZnAc dihydrate and diethylene glycol (DEG) for the chemicals. Various size of ZnO spherical particles (SPs) are obtained in polydisperse and monodisperse particles. Monolayer and bilayer DSSCs are fabricated in sandwich structure and sensitized with N719 dye for 3 and 5 hours. Monolayer DSSC using monodisperse particles (422 nm) is able to generate highest conversion efficiency of 0.569% (V{sub oc} = 541.3 mV, J{sub sc} = 1.92 mA/cm{sup 2}, and fill factor of 54.78%). Bilayer DSSC, i.e. combined 422 - 185 nm ZnO layer, can optimize the photocurrent action spectra in UV regime leading to high conversion efficiency of 0.568 (V{sub oc} = 568.2 mV, J{sub sc} = 2.22 mA/cm{sup 2}, and fill factor of 47.25%). The longer sensitizing time does not always produce better conversion efficiency since it can induce the dissolution of Zn atoms and formation of Zn{sup 2+} - dye resisting the electron transport from dye to ZnO photoelectrode.

Wahyuono, Ruri Agung, E-mail: r-agung-w@ep.its.ac.id; Risanti, Doty D., E-mail: r-agung-w@ep.its.ac.id [Department of Engineering Physics, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (Indonesia); Shirosaki, Tomohiro; Nagaoka, Shoji [Kumamoto Industrial Research Institute (Japan); Takafuji, Makoto; Ihara, Hirotaka [Department of Applied Chemistry and Biochemistry, Kumamoto University (Japan)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

314

Z(N) model of grain-boundary wetting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Even though van der Waals forces should prevent the wetting of a grain boundary by a liquid at the melting temperature, experiment and simulations indicate an instability in grain-boundary structure in the vicinity of this temperature. We study the structure of analogous boundaries in a Z(N) model in which a region of solid with a given orientation is replaced by a spin in that orientation. Different interfacial behaviors are found for different regions of a model parameter which is related to N. For the value appropriate to grain boundaries, our model suggests that boundaries of a sufficiently large angle should be unstable, not to the intrusion of a layer of liquid, however, but to the intrusion of solid of intermediate orientation. Such an intrusion can occur below the melting temperature.

M. Schick and Wei-Heng Shih

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Inverse spin Hall effect induced by spin pumping into semiconducting ZnO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) of n-type semiconductor ZnO thin films with weak spin-orbit coupling has been observed by utilizing the spin pumping method. In the ferromagnetic resonance condition, the spin pumping driven by the dynamical exchange interaction of a permalloy film injects a pure spin current into the adjacent ZnO layer. This spin current gives rise to a DC voltage through the ISHE in the ZnO layer, and the DC voltage is proportional to the microwave excitation power. The effect is sizeable even when the spin backflow is considered.

Lee, Jung-Chuan [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Huang, Leng-Wei [Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Chengchi University, Taipei 11605, Taiwan (China); Hung, Dung-Shing, E-mail: dshung@mail.mcu.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Department of Information and Telecommunications Engineering, Ming Chuan University, Taipei 111, Taiwan (China); Chiang, Tung-Han [Department of Physics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Huang, J. C. A., E-mail: jcahuang@mail.ncku.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Liang, Jun-Zhi [Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei 242, Taiwan (China); Lee, Shang-Fan, E-mail: leesf@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Chengchi University, Taipei 11605, Taiwan (China)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

316

Nonlinear optical properties of ZnO/poly (vinyl alcohol) nanocomposite films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extensive studies have already been reported on the optical characteristics of ZnO/polymer nanocomposite films, using a variety of polymers including transparent polymers such as polystyrene, polymethyl methacrylate etc and many interesting results have been established regarding the non linear optical characteristics of these systems. Poly (vinyl alcohol)(PVA) is a water soluble polymer. Though the structural and optical studies of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films have already been investigated, there are no detailed reports on the nonlinear optical characteristics of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films, irrespective of the fact that these nanocomposite films can be synthesized using quite easy and cost effective methods. The present work is an attempt to study in detail the nonlinear optical behaviour of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films using Z-scan technique. Highly transparent ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films were prepared from the ZnO incorporated PVA solution in water using spin coating technique. The ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized by the simple chemical route at room temperature. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy studies show that the ZnO nanoparticles are of size around 10 nm. The ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films were structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction technique, from which the presence of both PVA and ZnO in the nanocomposite was established. The optical absorptive nonlinearity in the nanocomposite films was investigated using open aperture Z-scan technique. The results indicate optical limiting type nonlinearity in the films due to two photon absorption in ZnO with efficiency more than 50%. These films also show a self defocusing type negative nonlinear refraction in closed aperture Z-scan experiment. The present studies indicate that, highly transparent and homogeneous films of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite can be obtained on glass substrates using simple methods, in a highly cost effective way, since PVA is water soluble. These nanocomposite films offer prospects of application as efficient optical limiters to protect light sensitive devices from the possible damage on exposure to high intensity radiation.

Jeeju, P. P., E-mail: jeejupp@gmail.com [Department of Physics, S N M College, Maliankara, Ernakulam, Kerala (India); Jayalekshmi, S., E-mail: jayalekshmi@cusat.ac.in [Division for Research in Advanced Materials, Department of Physics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi 682 022 (India); Chandrasekharan, K. [Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kerala (India)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

317

Evaluation of Melt-Grown, ZnO Single Crystals for Use as Alpha-Particle Detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of an ongoing investigation of the scintillation properties of zinc-oxide-based scintillators, several melt-grown, ZnO single crystals have been characterized using -particle excitation, infrared reflectance, and room temperature photoluminescence. The crystals, grown by Cermet, Inc. using a pressurized melt growth process, were doped with Group 1 elements (Li), Group 2 elements (Mg), Group 3 elements (Ga, In) and Lanthanides (Gd, Er, Tm). The goals of these studies are to better understand the scintillation mechanisms associated with various members of the ZnO scintillator family and to then use this knowledge to improve the radiation detection capabilities of ZnO-based scintillators. One application for which ZnO is particularly well suited as a scintillator is as the associated particle detector in a deuterium-tritium (D-T) neutron generator. Application requirements include the exclusion of organic materials, outstanding timing resolution, and high radiation resistance. ZnO(Ga) and ZnO(In) have demonstrated fast (sub-nanosecond) decay times with relatively low light yields, and ZnO(Ga) has been used in a powder form as the associated particle detector for a D-T neutron generator. Four promising candidate materials, ZnO, ZnO:Ga, ZnO:In,Li, and ZnO:Er,Li, were identified in this study. These four samples demonstrated sub-nanosecond decay times and alpha particle excited luminescence comparable to BC-400 fast plastic scintillator. The ZnO:Mg,Ga, ZnO:Gd, and ZnO:Li samples demonstrated appreciable slow (microsecond) decay components that would be incompatible with high-counting-rate applications.

Neal, John S [ORNL; Giles, N. C. [West Virginia University; Yang, Xiaocheng [West Virginia University; Wall, R. Andrew [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC; Ucer, Burak [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC; Williams, Richard T. [Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC; Wisniewski, Dariusz J [ORNL; Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Rengarajan, Varatharajan [ORNL; Nause, Jeff E [ORNL; Nemeth, Bell [Cermet, Inc., Atlanta

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Measurement of the spectroscopic quadrupole moment of Au186: Experimental verification of the large prolate deformation of the186Au ground state  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the first on-line measurements of quadrupole-interaction-resolved nuclear magnetic resonance on oriented nuclei. The 10-min Au186 activity was obtained as daughter after cold implantation of mass-separated Hg186 into a hcp Co single crystal at the NICOLE facility at ISOLDE-3 (CERN). The quadrupole interaction of Co186(hcp) was fully resolved, and the spectroscopic quadrupole moment of Au186 was determined to be Q=+3.12(20) b. This implies ?2=+0.246(16), proving the large prolate deformation of the Au186 ground state.

B. Hinfurtner; E. Hagn; E. Zech; R. Eder

1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

319

Novel Au-TiC Catalysts for CO Oxidation and Desulfurization Processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent articles dealing with the physical and chemical properties of novel Au-TiC catalysts are reviewed. High-resolution photoemission, scanning tunneling microscopy and first-principles periodic density-functional calculations were used to study the deposition of gold on a TiC(0 0 1) surface. Gold grows forming two-dimensional (very low coverage) and three-dimensional (medium and large coverage) islands on the carbide substrate. A positive shift in the binding energy of the C 1s core level is observed after the deposition of Au on TiC(0 0 1). The results of the density-functional calculations corroborate the formation of Au-C bonds. In general, the bond between Au and the TiC(0 0 1) surface exhibits very little ionic character, but there is a substantial polarization of electrons around Au that facilitates bonding of the adatoms with electron-acceptor molecules (CO, O{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, SO{sub 2}, thiophene, etc.). Experimental measurements indicate that Au/TiC(0 0 1) is a very good catalysts for the oxidation of CO, the destruction of SO{sub 2} and the hydrodesulfurization of thiophene. At temperatures below 200 K, Au/TiC(0 0 1) is able to perform the 2CO + O{sub 2} {yields} 2CO{sub 2} reaction and the full decomposition of SO{sub 2}. Furthermore, in spite of the very poor hydrodesulfurization performance of TiC(0 0 1) or Au(1 1 1), a Au/TiC(0 0 1) surface displays a hydrodesulfurization activity higher than that of conventional Ni/MoS{sub x} catalysts. Metal carbides are excellent supports for enhancing the chemical reactivity of gold. The Au/TiC system is more chemically active than systems generated by depositing Au nanoparticles on oxide surfaces.

J Rodriguez; P Liu; Y Takahashi; F Vines; L Feria; E Florez; K Nakamura

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

Influence of Metal (Au, Ag) Micro-Grid on the Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 Film  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we prepared TiO2...thin film with the surface modified by a connected Au micro-grid via a microsphere lithography strategy, and the...2 film. The photocatalytic activity improved as Au loading incr...

Chao Cai; Junying Zhang; Feng Pan; Weiwei Zhang; Hailing Zhu

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Near-field-enhanced, off-resonant laser sintering of semiconductor particles for additive manufacturing of dispersed AuZnO-micro/nano hybrid structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Off-resonant near-field enhancement by gold nanoparticles adsorbed on crystalline zinc oxide significantly increases the energy efficiency of infrared laser sintering. In detail, ten different gold mass loads ...

Marcus Lau; Ralf G. Niemann; Mathias Bartsch; William ONeill

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

New Materials of Co-Doped ZnO for LEDs and Thin Films Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Zr-Al co-doped ZnO were prepared by DC magnetron sputtering on glass substrates. Microstructure, optoelectrical properties of the films were investigated. The films with resistivity...

Yuan, Yuzhen; Wang, Hui

323

Efficient light emitting devices utilizing CdSe(ZnS) quantum dots in organic host matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate efficient electroluminescence from thin film structures containing core-shell CdSe(ZnS) quantum dots dispersed in molecular organic host materials. In the most efficient devices, excitons are created on the ...

Coe-Sullivan, Seth (Seth Alexander)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Mg-Doped ZnO Nanoparticles for Efficient Sunlight-Driven Photocatalysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnesium-doped ZnO (ZMO) nanoparticles were synthesized through an oxalate coprecipitation method. Crystallization of ZMO upon thermal decomposition of the oxalate precursors was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray ...

Vinodkumar Etacheri; Roshith Roshan; Vishwanathan Kumar

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

325

Zn3P2 and Cu2O substrates for solar energy conversion.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Zinc phosphide (Zn3P2) and cuprous oxide (Cu2O) are promising and earth-abundant alternatives to traditional thin film photovoltaics materials such as CIGS, CdTe, and a-Si. We (more)

Kimball, Gregory Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Graphene mode-locked Cr:ZnS laser with 41 fs pulse duration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the ultrashort-pulse Cr:ZnS laser mode-locked by graphene-based saturable absorber mirror. Using the combination of bulk material and a chirped mirror, we demonstrate the...

Tolstik, Nikolai; Sorokin, Evgeni; Sorokina, Irina T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Synthesis of ZnO decorated graphene nanocomposite for enhanced photocatalytic properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zinc oxide/Graphene (GZ) composites with different concentrations of ZnO were successfully synthesized through simple chemical precipitation method. The X-ray diffraction pattern and the micro-Raman spectroscopic technique revealed the formation of GZ composite, and the energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry analysis showed the purity of the prepared samples. The ZnO nanoparticles decorated graphene sheets were clearly visible in the field emission scanning electron micrograph. Raman mapping was employed to analyze the homogeneity of the prepared samples. The diffuse-reflectance spectra clearly indicated that the formation of GZ composites promoted the absorption in the visible region also. The photocatalytic activity of ZnO and GZ composites was studied by the photodegradation of Methylene blue dye. The results revealed that the GZ composites exhibited a higher photocatalytic activity than pristine ZnO. Hence, we proposed a simple wet chemical method to synthesize GZ composite and its application on photocatalysis was demonstrated.

Gayathri, S.; Jayabal, P. [Department of Laser Studies, School of Physics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625021, Tamilnadu (India); Kottaisamy, M. [Department of Chemistry, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai 625014, Tamilnadu (India); Ramakrishnan, V., E-mail: vr.optics1@gmail.com [Department of Laser Studies, School of Physics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625021, Tamilnadu (India); Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Thiruvananthapuram, Thiruvananthapuram 695016, Kerala (India)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

328

Polymeric precursor derived nanocrystalline ZnO thin films using EDTA as chelating agent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

properties, ZnO has plausible electro-optical applications, such as, solar cells [1, 2], light- emitting diodes [3, 4], UV lasers [5], thin film transistors [6,7], and UV photodetectors [8]. Besides

Mohanty, Saraju P.

329

Effects of LaZn substitution on microstructure and magnetic properties of strontium ferrite nanofibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sr1?x La x Zn x Fe12?x O19/poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) (0.0?x?0.5) precursor nanofibers were prepared by the so...

Xiangqian Shen; Mingquan Liu; Fuzhan Song; Yongwei Zhu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

PROCESS DEVELOPMENT FOR ZnO-BASED DEVICES KELLY PUI SZE IP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROCESS DEVELOPMENT FOR ZnO-BASED DEVICES By KELLY PUI SZE IP A DISSERTATION PRESENTED OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 2005 #12;Copyright 2005 by Kelly Pui Sze Ip #12;To my family

Pearton, Stephen J.

331

Incorporation of V, Zn and Pb into the crystalline phases of Portland clinker  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Burning of industrial wastes in cement kilns has an increasing environmental importance, brought about by the incorporation of potentially hazardous elements into clinker crystalline phases and partial substitution of primary fuel and raw materials. In this study, experimental clinkers were synthesized, with the addition of V, Zn and Pb to a standard raw meal, from which a control clinker was obtained for comparison. The three metals were chosen as they are present in the alternative fuel petcoke (V) and in industrial wastes (Zn, Pb) commonly burned in cement kilns. Electron microprobe and scanning electron microscope analysis revealed the preferential partition of these metals among the clinker crystalline phases. It was observed that V has shown a preferential partition towards C{sub 2}S. Zn appears in higher amounts in periclase, and C{sub 3}S has higher Zn contents than C{sub 2}S. Pb concentrates in minute spherules and partitions toward C{sub 3}S in small amounts.

Andrade, F.R.D.; Maringolo, V.; Kihara, Y

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Synthesis and Luminescence of ZnMgS:Mn2+ Nanoparticles. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of green light emitting diodes. Citation: Zhang J, F Su, W Chen, R Sammynaiken, SL Westcott, DE McCready, G Li, and AG Joly.2005."Synthesis and Luminescence of ZnMgS:Mn2+...

333

Development of ZnO Based Light Emitting Diodes and Laser Diodes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??ZnO based homojunction light emitting diode, double heterojunction light emitting diode, embedded heterojunction random laser diode and Fabry-Perot nanowire laser devices were fabricated and characterized. (more)

Kong, Jieying

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Si, CdTe and CdZnTe radiation detectors for imaging applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The structure and operation of CdTe, CdZnTe and Si pixel detectors based on crystalline semiconductors, bump bonding and CMOS technology and developed mainly at Oy (more)

Schulman, Tom

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Photo-driven autonomous hydrogen generation system based on hierarchically shelled ZnO nanostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A quantum dot semiconductor sensitized hierarchically shelled one-dimensional ZnO nanostructure has been applied as a quasi-artificial leaf for hydrogen generation. The optimized ZnO nanostructure consists of one dimensional nanowire as a core and two-dimensional nanosheet on the nanowire surface. Furthermore, the quantum dot semiconductors deposited on the ZnO nanostructures provide visible light harvesting properties. To realize the artificial leaf, we applied the ZnO based nanostructure as a photoelectrode with non-wired Z-scheme system. The demonstrated un-assisted photoelectrochemical system showed the hydrogen generation properties under 1 sun condition irradiation. In addition, the quantum dot modified photoelectrode showed 2 mA/cm{sup 2} current density at the un-assisted condition.

Kim, Heejin; Yong, Kijung [Surface Chemistry Laboratory of Electronic Materials, Department of Chemical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)] [Surface Chemistry Laboratory of Electronic Materials, Department of Chemical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

336

ZnO nanorefrigerant in R152a refrigeration system for energy conservation and green environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper the reliability and performance of a vapour compression refrigeration system with ZnO nanoparticles in the working fluid was investigated experimentally. Nanorefrigerant was synthesized on the basis...

D. Sendil Kumar; R. Elansezhian

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Luminescence and electrical properties of single ZnO/MgO core/shell nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To neutralise the influence of the surface of ZnO nanowires for photonics and optoelectronic applications, we have covered them with insulating MgO film and individually contacted them for electrical characterisation. We show that such a metal-insulator-semiconductor-type nanodevice exhibits a high diode ideality factor of 3.4 below 1?V. MgO shell passivates ZnO surface states and provides confining barriers to electrons and holes within the ZnO core, favouring excitonic ultraviolet radiative recombination, while suppressing defect-related luminescence in the visible and improving electrical conductivity. The results indicate the potential use of ZnO/MgO nanowires as a convenient building block for nano-optoelectronic devices.

Grinblat, Gustavo; Comedi, David [Laboratorio de Fsica del Slido, Dep. de Fsica, FACET, Universidad Nacional de Tucumn, Tucumn, and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientficas y Tcnicas (CONICET) (Argentina)] [Laboratorio de Fsica del Slido, Dep. de Fsica, FACET, Universidad Nacional de Tucumn, Tucumn, and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientficas y Tcnicas (CONICET) (Argentina); Bern, Francis; Barzola-Quiquia, Jos; Esquinazi, Pablo, E-mail: esquin@physik.uni-leipzig.de [Division of Superconductivity and Magnetism, Institute for Experimental Physics II, University of Leipzig, D-04103 Leipzig (Germany)] [Division of Superconductivity and Magnetism, Institute for Experimental Physics II, University of Leipzig, D-04103 Leipzig (Germany); Tirado, Mnica [Laboratorio de Nanomateriales y Propiedades Dielctricas, Dep. de Fsica, FACET, Universidad Nacional de Tucumn, Tucumn (Argentina)] [Laboratorio de Nanomateriales y Propiedades Dielctricas, Dep. de Fsica, FACET, Universidad Nacional de Tucumn, Tucumn (Argentina)

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

Band offsets for mismatched interfaces: The special case of ZnO...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Abstract: High-quality planar interfaces between ZnO and CdTe would be useful in optoelectronic applications, but appear difficult to achieve given the rather different crystal...

339

Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of carbon-free ZnO using...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of carbon-free ZnO using the bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato)zinc precursor. Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of carbon-free...

340

Optimizing the Power Output of a ZnO Photocell by Piezopotential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

properties of ZnO make it an ideal choice for applications in nanogenerators10 13 for converting mechanical together with the thermionic emission theory has explained the four kinds of relationships observed

Wang, Zhong L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Donor bound excitons in ZnSe nanoresonators - Applications in quantum information science  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Here we summarize the advantages of excitons bound to isolated fluorine donor in ZnSe/ZnMgSe quantum well nano-structures. Devices based on these semiconductors, are particularly suited to implement concepts of the optical manipulation of quantum states in solid-state material. The fluorine donor in ZnSe provides a physical qubit with potential advantages over previously researched qubits. In this context we show several initial demonstrations of devices, such as a low-threshold microdisk laser and an indistinguishable single photon source. Additionally we demonstrate the realization of a controllable three-level-system qubit consisting of a single Fluorine donor in a ZnSe nano-pillar, which provides an optical accessible single electon spin qubit.

Pawlis, A. [Department of Physics, University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany and Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4088 (United States); Lischka, K. [Department of Physics, University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, 33098 Paderborn (Germany); Sanaka, K.; Yamamoto, Y. [Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4088, USA and National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8430 (Japan); Sleiter, D. [Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4088 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Determination of the spontaneous polarization of wurtzite (Mg,Zn)O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the experimental determination of the spontaneous polarization of wurtzite-(Mg,Zn)O by examination of the recombination dynamics of polar ZnO/(Mg,Zn)O quantum wells (QWs). The thickness-dependent decay time of the unscreened single-exciton states inside the QWs was modeled by a self-consistent solution of Schrdinger- and Poisson-equation to deduce the total polarization across the QW for different Mg-contents inside the barriers. By the separation of the piezoelectric components of the polarization, a linear increase in spontaneous polarization with increasing Mg-content x of P/x?=?(0.151??0.015) C/m{sup 2} was determined for Mg{sub x} Zn{sub 1?x} O.

Stlzel, Marko, E-mail: stoelzel@physik.uni-leipzig.de; Mller, Alexander; Benndorf, Gabriele; Lorenz, Michael; Grundmann, Marius [Institut fr Experimentelle Physik II, Universitt Leipzig, Linnstr. 5, 04103 Leipzig (Germany); Patzig, Christian; Hche, Thomas [Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM, Center for Applied Microstructure Diagnostics, Walter-Huelse-Strae 1, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany)

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

343

Nitrogen-Doped ZnO Nanowire Arrays for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel of the future.1-3 However, currently the main production of hydrogen comes from steam reforming in ammonia to incorporate N as a dopant. Nanowires with a controlled N concentration (atomic ratio of N to Zn

Li, Yat

344

Electronic structure and optical properties of ZnSe from first-principles calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have performed the first-principles calculations in the framework of density functional theory to determine the electronic structure and optical properties of zinc-blende ZnSe.

Yu, Zhiqiang; Xu, Zhimou; Wu, Xinghui; Ma, Zhichao

345

Analysis of biodegradation performance of furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural by Amorphotheca resinae ZN1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) are the degradation products of...Amorphotheca resinae ZN1 had demonstrated its excellent capacity on degrading lignocellulose derived inhibitors and helped the fermenta...

Hong Ran; Jian Zhang; Qiuqiang Gao; Zhanglin Lin; Jie Bao

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

ZnO nano-rods synthesized by nano-particle-assisted pulsed-laser deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We succeeded in synthesizing ZnO nanorods by nanoparticle assisted pulsed-laser deposition (PLD) without using any catalyst where nanoparticles formed by condensation of ablated particles play an important rol...

T. Okada; B.H. Agung; Y. Nakata

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Photoionization spectra of silver dimers adsorbed on the surface of a ZnS single crystal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use the photostimulated luminescence flash method to measure photoionization spectra of Ag2 clusters adsorbed on the surface of a ZnS single crystal. Adsorbed dimers of silver are prepared by treatment of the ...

O. V. Ovchinnikov; D. A. Minakov; M. S. Smirnov

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Design of Shallow P-Type Dopants in ZnO: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes approaches to lower the acceptor ionization energy in ZnO by codoping acceptors with donor or isovalent atoms and proposes a universal approach to overcome the doping polarity problem for wide-band-gap semiconductors.

Wei, S.-H.; Li, J.; Yan, Y.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

ELEMENTARY DIFFUSION PROCESSES IN AL-CU-ZN ALLOYS: AN AB INITIO STUDY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELEMENTARY DIFFUSION PROCESSES IN AL-CU-ZN ALLOYS: AN AB INITIO STUDY S. GRABOWSKI AND P. ENTEL of alloys such as mechanical strength and toughness, creep and corrosion resistance are essentially

Entel, P.

350

Use of a capillary X-ray focused beam to investigate the chemical composition of CdZnTe wafers with high resolution CdZnTe detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The control of the concentration of Zn and its fluctuation in the high pressure Bridgman grown CdZnTe crystals is part of the characterization work on the ternary grown ingots grown in house. In order to reach both high sensitivity and high position resolution, the authors have developed a new system consisting of a X-ray generator, coupled to a focusing X-ray capillary, delivering intense beams in the micron scale, since the intensity gain is around a factor of 100 compared to conventional methods. The characteristic X-rays are measured through a high resolution CdZnTe detector (225 eV at 5.9 keV FWHM) cooled by a Peltier system. The results of the investigations on different kinds of crystals will be discussed.

Fougeres, P. [EURORAD, Strasbourg (France); Burggraf, Ch.; Burggraf, Chr.; Koebel, J.M.; Regal, R.; Hage-Ali, M.; Krauth, A.; Siffert, P. [CNRS, Strasbourg (France). Lab. PHASE; Koenig, C. [Univ. Louis Pasteur, Schiltigheim (France)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

351

Graphene Cathode-Based ZnO Nanowire Hybrid Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graphene Cathode-Based ZnO Nanowire Hybrid Solar Cells ... On the basis of this structure, we then demonstrate graphene cathode-based hybrid solar cells using two different photoactive materials, PbS quantum dots and the conjugated polymer P3HT, with AM 1.5G power conversion efficiencies of 4.2% and 0.5%, respectively, approaching the performance of ITO-based devices with similar architectures. ... graphene; ZnO nanowires; solar cells; ITO ...

Hyesung Park; Sehoon Chang; Joel Jean; Jayce J. Cheng; Paulo T. Araujo; Mingsheng Wang; Moungi G. Bawendi; Mildred S. Dresselhaus; Vladimir Bulovi?; Jing Kong; Silvija Grade?ak

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

352

Electron transfer and capture dynamics in ZnSe quantum wells grown on GaAs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the transfer and capture dynamics of electrons in phase coherent photorefractive ZnSe quantum wells grown on GaAs using degenerate three-beam four-wave-mixing. The measurements reveal electron capture times by the quantum well in the order of several tens of picoseconds and a transit time of approximately 5 picoseconds from the GaAs substrate through the ZnMgSe barrier.

Dongol, A.; Wagner, H. P. [Department of Physics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 (United States)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

353

CHAPITRE11. .8 En outre, la ?st, au sens de gnration, est le passage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

termes sont analogues au nez camus et non au courbe. Les parties les plus physiques des mathématiques chercherions l'essence du camus et, par conséquent, dès objets de cette sorte ne sont ni sans matière ni

Aubin, David

354

13mes Journes Internationales de Thermique Albi, France du 28 au 30 Aot 2007 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13èmes Journées Internationales de Thermique Albi, France du 28 au 30 Août 2007 1 CYCLE CONCEPTUEL A PUISSANCE MAXIMALE COMBINE AU DESSALEMENT Hocine BENNOUR, Mohand A. AIT-ALI Ecole Nationale Polytechnique, B temps fini a donné lieu à des cycles conceptuels endoréversibles à puissance maximale dont le niveau des

Boyer, Edmond

355

Non-linear Damage Accumulation in Au-irradiated SrTiO3. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Damage Accumulation in Au-irradiated SrTiO3. Abstract: Ion-induced damage in strontium titanate (SrTiO3) has been investigated using 1.0 MeV Au ions at 150 K and room...

356

L'ESSAIMAGE CHEZ LES HYPOTRIGONES AU GABON DYNAMIQUE DE QUELQUES POPULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L'ESSAIMAGE CHEZ LES HYPOTRIGONES AU GABON DYNAMIQUE DE QUELQUES POPULATIONS Das Schwärmen bei den YOUNG COLONIES The observations have been made in Gabon between 1963 and 1975. Thanks to the knowledge effectuées au Gabon entre 1963 et 1975. Grâce à la connaissance de divers paramètres caractéristiques de

Boyer, Edmond

357

D'une violence l'autre. Sorcellerie, blindage et lynchage au Gabon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 D'une violence l'autre. Sorcellerie, blindage et lynchage au Gabon Julien Bonhomme1 Libreville cousin d'être dans la Rose-Croix, société secrète systématiquement associée à la sorcellerie au Gabon. 3

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

358

Guided Self-Assembly of Au Nanocluster Arrays Electronically Coupled to Semiconductor Device Layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guided Self-Assembly of Au Nanocluster Arrays Electronically Coupled to Semiconductor Device Layers diameter Au clusters within patterned regions on GaAs device layers, thus demonstrating guided self-assembly ordering of the clusters is achieved by a chemical self- assembly process, while micron scale patterning

359

Titania-Supported PdAu Bimetallic Catalysts Prepared from Dendrimer-Encapsulated Nanoparticle Precursors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Titania-Supported PdAu Bimetallic Catalysts Prepared from Dendrimer-Encapsulated Nanoparticle the synthesis and characteriza- tion of TiO2-supported PdAu bimetallic nanoparticle catalysts prepared using dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticles (DENs).1 The key result is that the compositional fidelity

Goodman, Wayne

360

Au#sm Explained: Synergis#c Poisoning from Aluminum and Glyphosate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Au#sm Explained: Synergis#c Poisoning from Aluminum and Glyphosate Stephanie #12;Outline · Glyphosate and AuOsm · Aluminum, glyphosate, sulfate and the pineal gland ­ Sunlight Deficiency ­ SynergisOc Effects of Glyphosate and Aluminum

Seneff, Stephanie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Interface Reactions and Electrical Characteristics of Au/GaSb Contacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reaction of Au with GaSb occurs at a relatively low temperature (100 C). Upon annealing, a AuSb{sub 2} compound and several Au-Ga phases are produced. Phase transitions occur toward higher Ga concentration with increasing annealing temperatures. Furthermore, the depth of the contact also increases with increased annealing temperature. They found that the AuSb{sub 2} compound forms on the GaSb surface, with the compound crystal partially ordered with respect to the substrate. The transition of Schottky- to ohmic-contact behavior in Au/n-type GaSb occurs simultaneously with the formation of the AuGa compound at about a 250 C annealing temperature. This ohmic contact forms without the segregation of dopants at the metallic compound/GaSb interface. Therefore it is postulated that transition from Schottky- to ohmic-contact behavior is obtained through a series of tunneling transitions of electrons through defects in the depletion region in the Au/n-type GaSb contacts. Contact resistivities of 6-7 x 10{sup -6} {Omega}-cm{sup 2} were obtained with the annealing temperature between 300 and 350 C for 30 seconds. In Au/p-type GaSb contacts, the resistivity was independent of the annealing temperature. This suggested that the carrier transport in p-type contact dominated by thermionic emission.

H. Ehsani; R.J. Gutmann; G.W. Charache

2000-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

362

The Earthquake in Haiti Dispatch from Port-au-Prince  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the streets. There is no electricity in the city, and there are no lights at night. Our clinic staff and the refugees are frightened. It is increasingly difficult and dangerous to distribute food and water. More security forces are needed. A barbed-wire perimeter and solar-powered street lights would... At 4:53 p.m. on Tuesday, January 12, an earthquake killed or gravely injured hundreds of thousands of people in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Even more were left homeless. The devastation is incomprehensible. Chaos followed, since the centers of law, order, and ...

Pape J.W.Johnson W.D.Fitzgerald D.W.

2010-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

363

`Itinraire d'un enfant mou', `Le mal court' ou `L'chec sied au hros' : tude pour un sous-titre au  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

statut de héros étrangers au monde comme certains personnages de Steinbeck ou de l'étranger de Camus, par some of Steinbeck's characters or Camus' outsider, for example. B

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

364

Tellurides, selenides and Bi-mineral assemblages from the Ro Narcea Gold Belt, Asturias, Spain: genetic implications in CuAu and Au skarns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gold ores in skarns from the Ro Narcea Gold Belt are associated with BiTe(Se)-bearing minerals. These mineral assemblages have been used to compare two different skarns from this belt, a CuAu skarn (calcic...

A. Cepedal; M. Fuertes-Fuente; A. Martn-Izard

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Morphological and electrochemical characterization of electrodeposited ZnAg nanoparticle composite coatings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silver nanoparticles with an average size of 23 nm were chemically synthesized and used to fabricate ZnAg composite coatings. The ZnAg composite coatings were generated by electrodeposition method using a simple sulfate plating bath dispersed with 0.5, 1 and 1.5 g/l of Ag nanoparticles. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and texture co-efficient calculations revealed that Ag nanoparticles appreciably influenced the morphology, micro-structure and texture of the deposit. It was also noticed that agglomerates of Ag nanoparticles, in the case of high bath load conditions, produced defects and dislocations on the deposit surface. Ag nanoparticles altered the corrosion resistance property of ZnAg composite coatings as observed from Tafel polarization, electrochemical impedance analysis and an immersion test. Reduction in corrosion rate with increased charge transfer resistance was observed for ZnAg composite coatings when compared to a pure Zn coating. However, the particle concentration in the plating bath and their agglomeration state directly influenced the surface morphology and the subsequent corrosion behavior of the deposits. - Highlights: Synthesis of Ag nanoparticles with an average size of 23 nm Fabrication of Zn/nano Ag composite coating on mild steel Composite coatings showed better corrosion resistance. Optimization of particle concentration is necessary.

Punith Kumar, M.K.; Srivastava, Chandan, E-mail: csrivastava@materials.iisc.ernet.in

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

As-doped p-type ZnO produced by an evaporation/sputtering process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strongly p-type ZnO is produced by the following sequence of steps: (1) evaporation of Zn{sub 3}As{sub 2} on a fused-quartz substrate at 350 deg. C; and (2) sputtering of ZnO with substrate held at 450 deg. C. The electrical characteristics include: resistivity of 0.4 {omega} cm, a mobility of 4 cm{sup 2}/V s, and a hole concentration of about 4x10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}. This resistivity is among the best (lowest) ever reported for p-type ZnO. Secondary-ion mass spectroscopic analysis gives an average As concentration about 5x10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}, and a simple one-band fit of the temperature-dependent mobility curve yields an acceptor concentration of about 9x10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}. This is strong evidence that the p-type dopant involves As, although it is not clear whether the acceptor is simply As{sub O} or the recently suggested As{sub Zn}-2V{sub Zn}.

Look, D.C.; Renlund, G.M.; Burgener, R.H. II; Sizelove, J.R. [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 and Semiconductor Research Center, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45435 (United States); ON International, Inc., 418 West Winchester Street, Salt Lake City, Utah 84107 (United States); Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States)

2004-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

367

Magnetic properties and loss separation in iron-silicone-MnZn ferrite soft magnetic composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the magnetic and structural properties of iron-based soft magnetic composites coated with silicone-MnZn ferrite hybrid. The organic silicone resin was added to improve the flexibility of the insulated iron powder and causes better adhesion between particles to increase the mechanical properties. Scanning electron microscopy and distribution maps show that the iron particle surface is covered with a thin layer of silicone-MnZn ferrite. Silicone-MnZn ferrite coated samples have higher permeability when compared with the non-magnetic silicone resin coated compacts. The real part of permeability increases by 34.18% when compared with the silicone resin coated samples at 20 kHz. In this work, a formula for calculating the total loss component by loss separation method is presented and finally the different parts of total losses are calculated. The results show that the eddy current loss coefficient is close to each other for the silicone-MnZn ferrite, silicone resin and MnZn ferrite coated samples (0.0078Zn ferrite coated sample (k{sub 2} =1.4058) in comparison with other samples.

Wu, Shen; Sun, Aizhi; Xu, Wenhuan; Zou, Chao; Yang, Jun; Dong, Juan [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing (China)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

368

Effects of Bi doping on the thermoelectric properties of ? -Zn 4 Sb 3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermoelectricproperties of Bi-doped compounds ( Zn 1 ? x Bi x ) 4 Sb 3 ( x = 0 0.0025 0.005 0.01 ) were studied experimentally as well as theoretically. The results indicate that low-temperature ( T 9975 Bi 0.0025 ) 4 Sb 3 reduces remarkably as compared with that of Zn 4 Sb 3 due to enhanced phonon scattering of impurity (dopant).Electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient increase monotonically with increase in the Bi content resulting mainly from decrease in carrier concentration. Moreover first-principle calculations were performed on the occupation options of Bi atoms in ? -Zn 4 Sb 3 which show that Bi will preferentially occupy the Zn sites and not Sb sites and act as donors being consistent with the experimental observations. In addition the lightly doped compound ( Zn 0.9975 Bi 0.0025 ) 4 Sb 3 exhibits the best thermoelectric performance due to the improvement in both its thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient whose figure of merit Z T is about 1.5 times larger than that of ? -Zn 4 Sb 3 at 300 K.

X. Y. Qin; M. Liu; L. Pan; H. X. Xin; J. H. Sun; Q. Q. Wang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Ion beam assisted sputter deposition of ZnO for silicon thin-film solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD) is a promising technique for improving the material quality of ZnO-based thin films. The operation of an auxiliary Ar+ ion source during deposition of ZnO?:?Ga thin films by dc magnetron sputtering led to an improvement in crystalline texture, especially at low temperatures due to momentum transfer from the ions to the growing film. Etching of IBAD-ZnO?:?Ga films in diluted HCl revealed crater-like surface structures with crater diameters of up to 600nm. These structures are usually achieved after deposition at high substrate temperatures. This is an indication that the grain structure was remarkably changed by bombarding these films during deposition in terms of increasing the compactness of the ZnO?:?Ga films. Subsequent annealing procedures led to an improvement in the electrical and optical properties. Hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon (c-Si?:?H) solar cells exhibited enhanced efficiency as compared to cells on other low-temperature sputtered reference ZnO films. This improvement was ascribed to light trapping by the modified etching behaviour of the IBAD-ZnO?:?Ga films as well as improved transparency after the vacuum annealing step.

M Warzecha; D Khl; M Wuttig; J Hpkes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Studies of nucleon-gold collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon pair using tagged d+Au interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spectra of charged hadrons produced near mid-rapidity in d+Au, p+Au and n+Au collisions at - = 200 GeV are presented as a function of transverse momentum and centrality. These measurements were performed using the ...

Reed, Corey (Corey James)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Systematic Study of Azimuthal Anisotropy in Cu$+$Cu and Au$+$Au Collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 62.4$ and 200~GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the dependence of azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$ for inclusive and identified charged hadrons in Au$+$Au and Cu$+$Cu collisions on collision energy, species, and centrality. The values of $v_2$ as a function of transverse momentum $p_T$ and centrality in Au$+$Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$=200~GeV and 62.4~GeV are the same within uncertainties. However, in Cu$+$Cu collisions we observe a decrease in $v_2$ values as the collision energy is reduced from 200 to 62.4~GeV. The decrease is larger in the more peripheral collisions. By examining both Au$+$Au and Cu$+$Cu collisions we find that $v_2$ depends both on eccentricity and the number of participants, $N_{\\rm part}$. We observe that $v_2$ divided by eccentricity ($\\varepsilon$) monotonically increases with $N_{\\rm part}$ and scales as ${N_{\\rm part}^{1/3}}$. The Cu$+$Cu data at 62.4 GeV falls below the other scaled $v_{2}$ data. For identified hadrons, $v_2$ divided by the number of constituent quarks $n_q$ is independent of hadron species as...

Adare, A; Aidala, C; Ajitanand, N N; Akiba, Y; Al-Bataineh, H; Al-Jamel, A; Alexander, J; Aoki, K; Aphecetche, L; Armendariz, R; Aronson, S H; Asai, J; Atomssa, E T; Averbeck, R; Awes, T C; Azmoun, B; Babintsev, V; Baksay, G; Baksay, L; Baldisseri, A; Barish, K N; Barnes, P D; Bassalleck, B; Bathe, S; Batsouli, S; Baublis, V; Bauer, F; Bazilevsky, A; Belikov, S; Bennett, R; Berdnikov, Y; Bickley, A A; Bjorndal, M T; Boissevain, J G; Borel, H; Boyle, K; Brooks, M L; Brown, D S; Bucher, D; Buesching, H; Bumazhnov, V; Bunce, G; Burward-Hoy, J M; Butsyk, S; Campbell, S; Chai, J -S; Chang, B S; Charvet, J -L; Chernichenko, S; Chi, C Y; Chiba, J; Chiu, M; Choi, I J; Chujo, T; Chung, P; Churyn, A; Cianciolo, V; Cleven, C R; Cobigo, Y; Cole, B A; Comets, M P; Constantin, P; Csand, M; Csrg?, T; Dahms, T; Das, K; David, G; Deaton, M B; Dehmelt, K; Delagrange, H; Denisov, A; d'Enterria, D; Deshpande, A; Desmond, E J; Dietzsch, O; Dion, A; Donadelli, M; Drachenberg, J L; Drapier, O; Drees, A; Dubey, A K; Durum, A; Dzhordzhadze, V; Efremenko, Y V; Egdemir, J; Ellinghaus, F; Emam, W S; Enokizono, A; En'yo, H; Espagnon, B; Esumi, S; Eyser, K O; Fields, D E; Finger, M; Finger, M; Jr., \\,; Fleuret, F; Fokin, S L; Forestier, B; Fraenkel, Z; Frantz, J E; Franz, A; Frawley, A D; Fujiwara, K; Fukao, Y; Fung, S -Y; Fusayasu, T; Gadrat, S; Garishvili, I; Gastineau, F; Germain, M; Glenn, A; Gong, H; Gonin, M; Gosset, J; Goto, Y; de Cassagnac, R Granier; Grau, N; Greene, S V; Perdekamp, M Grosse; Gunji, T; Gustafsson, H -; Hachiya, T; Henni, A Hadj; Haegemann, C; Haggerty, J S; Hagiwara, M N; Hamagaki, H; Han, R; Harada, H; Hartouni, E P; Haruna, K; Harvey, M; Haslum, E; Hasuko, K; Hayano, R; He, X; Heffner, M; Hemmick, T K; Hester, T; Heuser, J M; Hiejima, H; Hill, J C; Hobbs, R; Hohlmann, M; Holmes, M; Holzmann, W; Homma, K; Hong, B; Horaguchi, T; Hornback, D; Huang, S; Hur, M G; Ichihara, T; Iinuma, H; Imai, K; Inaba, M; Inoue, Y; Isenhower, D; Isenhower, L; Ishihara, M; Isobe, T; Issah, M; Isupov, A; Jacak, B V; Jia, J; Jin, J; Jinnouchi, O; Johnson, B M; Joo, K S; Jouan, D; Kajihara, F; Kametani, S; Kamihara, N; Kamin, J; Kaneta, M; Kang, J H; Kanou, H; Kawagishi, T; Kawall, D; Kazantsev, A V; Kelly, S; Khanzadeev, A; Kikuchi, J; Kim, D H; Kim, D J; Kim, E; Kim, Y -S; Kinney, E; Kiss, ; Kistenev, E; Kiyomichi, A; Klay, J; Klein-Boesing, C; Kochenda, L; Kochetkov, V; Komkov, B; Konno, M; Kotchetkov, D; Kozlov, A; Krl, A; Kravitz, A; Kroon, P J; Kubart, J; Kunde, G J; Kurihara, N; Kurita, K; Kweon, M J; Kwon, Y; Kyle, G S; Lacey, R; Lai, Y S; Lajoie, J G; Lebedev, A; Bornec, Y Le; Leckey, S; Lee, D M; Lee, M K; Lee, T; Leitch, M J; Leite, M A L; Lenzi, B; Li, X; Li, X H; Lim, H; Lika, T; Litvinenko, A; Liu, M X; Love, B; Lynch, D; Maguire, C F; Makdisi, Y I; Malakhov, A; Malik, M D; Manko, V I; Mao, Y; Maek, L; Masui, H; Matathias, F; McCain, M C; McCumber, M; McGaughey, P L; Miake, Y; Mike, P; Miki, K; Miller, T E; Milov, A; Mioduszewski, S; Mishra, G C; Mishra, M; Mitchell, J T; Mitrovski, M; Morreale, A; Morrison, D P; Moss, J M; Moukhanova, T V; Mukhopadhyay, D; Murata, J; Nagamiya, S; Nagata, Y; Nagle, J L; Naglis, M; Nakagawa, I; Nakamiya, Y; Nakamura, T; Nakano, K; Newby, J; Nguyen, M; Norman, B E; Nouicer, R; Nyanin, A S; Nystrand, J; O'Brien, E; Oda, S X; Ogilvie, C A; Ohnishi, H; Ojha, I D; Oka, M; Okada, K; Omiwade, O O; Oskarsson, A; Otterlund, I; Ouchida, M; Ozawa, K; Pak, R; Pal, D; Palounek, A P T; Pantuev, V; Papavassiliou, V; Park, J; Park, W J; Pate, S F; Pei, H; Peng, J -C; Pereira, H; Peresedov, V; Peressounko, D Yu; Pinkenburg, C; Pisani, R P; Purschke, M L; Purwar, A K; Qu, H; Rak, J; Rakotozafindrabe, A; Ravinovich, I; Read, K F; Rembeczki, S; Reuter, M; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Roche, G; Romana, A; Rosati, M; Rosendahl, S S E; Rosnet, P; Rukoyatkin, P; Rykov, V L; Ryu, S S; Sahlmueller, B; Saito, N; Sakaguchi, T; Sakai, S; Sakata, H; Samsonov, V; Sato, H D; Sato, S; Sawada, S; Seele, J; Seidl, R; Semenov, V; Seto, R; Sharma, D; Shea, T K; Shein, I; Shevel, A; Shibata, T -A; Shigaki, K; Shimomura, M; Shohjoh, T; Shoji, K; Sickles, A; Silva, C L; Silvermyr, D; Silvestre, C; Sim, K S; Singh, C P; Singh, V; Skutnik, S; Slune?ka, M; Smith, W C; Soldatov, A; Soltz, R A; Sondheim, W E; Sorensen, S P; Sourikova, I V; Staley, F; Stankus, P W; Stenlund, E; Stepanov, M; Ster, A; Stoll, S P; Sugitate, T; Suire, C; Sullivan, J P; Sziklai, J; Tabaru, T; Takagi, S; Takagui, E M; Taketani, A; Tanaka, K H; Tanaka, Y; Tanida, K; Tannenbaum, M J; Taranenko, A; Tarjn, P; Thomas, T L; Todoroki, T; Togawa, M; Toia, A; Tojo, J; Tomek, L; Torii, H; Towell, R S; Tram, V-N; Tserruya, I; Tsuchimoto, Y; Tuli, S K; Tydesj, H; Tyurin, N; Vale, C; Valle, H; van Hecke, H W; Velkovska, J; Vrtesi, R; Vinogradov, A A; Virius, M; Vrba, V; Vznuzdaev, E; Wagner, M; Walker, D; Wang, X R; Watanabe, Y; Wessels, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

DEVELOPMENT OF CdZnTe RADIATION DETECTORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CdZnTe or CZT) is a very attractive material for room-temperature semiconductor detectors because of its wide band-gap and high atomic number. Despite these advantages, CZT still presents some material limitations and poor hole mobility. In the past decade most of the developing CZT detectors focused on designing different electrode configurations, mainly to minimize the deleterious effect due to the poor hole mobility. A few different electrode geometries were designed and fabricated, such as pixelated anodes and Frisch-grid detectors developed at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL). However, crystal defects in CZT materials still limit the yield of detector-grade crystals, and, in general, dominate the detector's performance. In the past few years, our group's research extended to characterizing the CZT materials at the micro-scale, and to correlating crystal defects with the detector's performance. We built a set of unique tools for this purpose, including infrared (IR) transmission microscopy, X-ray micro-scale mapping using synchrotron light source, X-ray transmission- and reflection-topography, current deep level transient spectroscopy (I-DLTS), and photoluminescence measurements. Our most recent work on CZT detectors was directed towards detailing various crystal defects, studying the internal electrical field, and delineating the effects of thermal annealing on improving the material properties. In this paper, we report our most recent results.

BOLOTNIKOV, A.; CAMARDA, G.; HOSSAIN, A.; KIM, K.H.; YANG, G.; GUL, R.; CUI, Y.; AND JAMES, R.B.

2011-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

373

Physica B 340342 (2003) 933938 EPR and electrical studies of native point defects in ZnSiP2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physica B 340­342 (2003) 933­938 EPR and electrical studies of native point defects in ZnSiP2 Abstract We present the first detection of native defects in ZnSiP2. Similar to p-type ZnGeP2, the EPR lattice sites is reflected in the differences of the EPR parameters in both lattices. In both materials, V

Nabben, Reinhard

374

Synthesis and Treatment Parameters for Controlling Metal Particle Size and Composition in Cu/ZnO MaterialsFirst Evidence of Cu3Zn Alloy Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the study of the conditions of obtention of small metal copper particles on ZnO using easy synthesis methods and activation treatments, which were found efficient for the preparation of copper particles on silica, that is, ...

Salim Derrouiche; Hlne Lauron-Pernot; Catherine Louis

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

375

Enhanced photovoltaic performance of nanocrystalline CdTe/ZnO solar cells using sol-gel ZnO and positive bias treatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of doping and porosity of the n-type ZnO layer on the performance of solution-processed, sintered p-CdTe/n-ZnO nanocrystal photovoltaic (PV) devices is investigated. Amorphous sol-gel ZnO is found to be the best candidate with overall energy conversion efficiencies above 8% obtained if the ZnO is also indium doped. We demonstrate that when such PV devices are left under forward bias (in dark or light), the device efficiency values are raised to at least 9.8%, due to a substantially increased open-circuit voltage and fill-factor. This drastic enhancement is attributed to improved band alignment at the ITO/CdTe interface. The forward-bias treatment is slowly reversed over a period of days to weeks on standing under open circuit conditions, but is readily restored with further voltage treatment. The moderate processing conditions and high efficiency of such devices demonstrate that nanocrystal-based systems are a promising technology for photovoltaics.

MacDonald, B. I. [CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Bayview Avenue, Clayton, Victoria 3168 (Australia); School of Chemistry and Bio21 Institute, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Della Gaspera, E.; Watkins, S. E.; Jasieniak, J. J., E-mail: Jacek.Jasieniak@csiro.au [CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Bayview Avenue, Clayton, Victoria 3168 (Australia); Mulvaney, P. [School of Chemistry and Bio21 Institute, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010 (Australia)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

376

Synthesis, Characterization, and Luminescent Properties of Dinuclear Gold(I) Xanthate Complexes: X-ray Structure of [Au2(nBu-xanthate)2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These complexes are readily prepared from the reaction between Au(THT)Cl (THT ) tetrahydrothiophene

Abdou, Hanan E.

377

A comparison of ZnO films deposited on indium tin oxide and soda lime glass under identical conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ZnO films have been grown via a vapour phase transport (VPT) on soda lime glass (SLG) and indium-tin oxide (ITO) coated glass. ZnO film on ITO had traces of Zn and C which gives them a dark appearance while that appears yellowish-white on SLG. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies confirm the traces of C in the form of C-O. The photoluminescence studies reveal a prominent green luminescence band for ZnO film on ITO.

Deka, Angshuman; Nanda, Karuna Kar [Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore - 560012 (India)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Swift heavy ion irradiation of ZnO nanoparticles embedded in silica: Radiation-induced deoxidation and shape elongation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in amorphous SiO{sub 2} were irradiated with 200 MeV Xe{sup 14+} swift heavy ions (SHIs) to a fluence of 5.0 10{sup 13} ions/cm{sup 2}. Optical linear dichroism was induced in the samples by the irradiation, indicating shape transformation of the NPs from spheres to anisotropic ones. Transmission electron microscopy observations revealed that some NPs were elongated to prolate shapes; the elongated NPs consisted not of ZnO but of Zn metal. The SHI irradiation induced deoxidation of small ZnO NPs and successive shape elongation of the deoxidized metal NPs.

Amekura, H.; Tsuya, D.; Mitsuishi, K.; Nakayama, Y. [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0003 (Japan)] [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0003 (Japan); Okubo, N.; Ishikawa, N. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)] [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan); Singh, U. B.; Khan, S. A.; Avasthi, D. K. [Inter-University Accelerator Centre (IUAC), New Delhi (India)] [Inter-University Accelerator Centre (IUAC), New Delhi (India); Mohapatra, S. [Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi (India)] [Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi (India)

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

379

Submicrosized Rods, Cables, and Tubes of ZnE (E = S, Se, Te): Exterior?Interior Boron-Chalcogen Conversions and Optical Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Submicrosized Rods, Cables, and Tubes of ZnE (E = S, Se, Te): Exterior?Interior Boron-Chalcogen Conversions and Optical Properties ... The absence of ZnO judging from the XRD (part d of Figure 3) and the disappearance of the core as shown in the SEM images (parts c and d of Figure 5) allow us to conclude that the intermediate product is heterostructure with ZnO as core and ZnS as sheath, that is, the ZnO/ZnS cable. ...

Yi-Zhi Huang; Ling Chen; Li-Ming Wu

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

380

Understanding the effect of halide poisoning in CO oxidation over Au/TiO[subscript 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of halide poisoning of Au/TiO{sub 2} catalysts in low temperature CO oxidation was investigated using bromide as the poison and a combination of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XANES and EXAFS), quantitative CO adsorption, and catalytic measurements. It was found that halide prevented full reduction of cationic Au by displacing oxyhydroxy ligands and remaining bound to Au during low temperature reduction, causing a reduction in catalytic activity. On reduced Au samples, bromide (likely as NaBr molecule) was preferentially adsorbed on Au and not on TiO{sub 2}, and suppressed both the adsorption of CO and the catalytic activity. At low Br contents, each adsorbed Br suppressed adsorption of three CO, suggesting that Br was adsorbed on three-fold sites but the effect decreased with increasing Br content possibly due to crowding of adsorbed Br. When 5--10% of the Au was bound to Br, the catalytic activity was completely blocked, although {approx}35% of the original CO adsorption capacity remained. The data suggest that not all CO adsorption sites are catalytic active sites, and are consistent with the perimeter Au atoms at/near the particle-support interface (perimeter) being active sites.

Oxford, S.M.; Henao, J.D.; Yang, J.H.; Kung, M.C.; Kung, H.H. (NWU)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

Glycerol Hydrogenolysis on Carbon-Supported PtRu and AuRu Bimetallic Catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bimetallic PtRu and AuRu catalysts were prepared by a surface redox method in which Pt or Au was deposited onto the surface of carbon-supported Ru nanoparticles with an average diameter of 2-3 nm. Characterization by H2 chemisorption, analytical TEM, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Ru K-edge, Pt LIII-edge, and Au LIII-edge confirmed that Pt and Au were successfully deposited onto Ru without disrupting the Ru particles. Depression of the ethane hydrogenolysis rate over Ru after addition of Au provided further evidence of successful deposition. The bimetallic particles were subsequently evaluated in the aqueous-phase hydrogenolysis of glycerol at 473 K and 40 bar H2 at neutral and elevated pH. Although monometallic Pt and Ru exhibited different activities and selectivities to products, the bimetallic PtRu catalyst functioned more like Ru. A similar result was obtained for the AuRu bimetallic catalyst. The PtRu catalyst appeared to be stable under the aqueous-phase reaction conditions, whereas the AuRu catalyst was altered by the harsh conditions. Gold appeared to migrate off the Ru and agglomerate on the carbon during the reaction in liquid water.

Maris,E.; Ketchie, W.; Murayama, M.; Davis, R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Interdiffusion and impurity diffusion in polycrystalline Mg solid solution with Al or Zn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interdiffusion and impurity diffusion in Mg binary solid solutions, Mg(Al) and Mg(Zn) were investigated at temperatures ranging from 623 to 723 K. Interdiffusion coef cients were determined via the Boltzmann Matano Method using solid-to-solid diffusion couples assembled with polycrystalline Mg and Mg(Al) or Mg(Zn) solid solutions. In addition, the Hall method was employed to extrapolate the impurity diffusion coef cients of Al and Zn in pure polycrystalline Mg. For all diffusion couples, electron micro-probe analysis was utilized for the measurement of concentration pro les. The interdiffusion coef cient in Mg(Zn) was higher than that of Mg(Al) by an order of magnitude. Additionally, the interdiffusion coef cient increased signi cantly as a function of Al content in Mg(Al) solid solution, but very little with Zn content in Mg(Zn) solid solution. The activation energy and pre-exponential factor for the average effective interdiffusion coef cient in Mg(Al) solid solution were determined to be 186.8 ( 0.9) kJ/mol and 7.69 x 10-1 ( 1.80 x 10-1) m2/s, respectively, while those determined for Mg(Zn) solid solution were 139.5 ( 4.0) kJ/mol and 1.48 x 10-3 ( 1.13 x 10-3) m2/s. In Mg, the Zn impurity diffusion coef cient was an order of magnitude higher than the Al impurity diffusion coef cient. The activation energy and pre-exponential factor for diffusion of Al impurity in Mg were determined to be 139.3 ( 14.8) kJ/mol and 6.25 x 10-5 ( 5.37 x 10-4) m2/s, respectively, while those for diffusion of Zn impurity in Mg were determined to be 118.6 ( 6.3) kJ/mol and 2.90 x 10-5 ( 4.41 x 10-5) m2/s.

Kammerer, Catherine [University of Central Florida, Orlando; Kulkarni, Nagraj S [ORNL; Warmack, Robert J Bruce [ORNL; Sohn, Yong Ho [University of Central Florida

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Proposed Mechanism For Oxidative Heteroarylation Isolation of an Active Au(III) Fluoride  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. NN Au iPr iPr iPr iPr F Me F + F- - F- B(OH)2 R R Me 2+ Au F N N Au D D F IPr F PhB(OH)2 CDCl3 D D. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 598. O O P O O i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr i-Pr CR1 R1 OH OR1 R1 H R2 R2 R3 R3 R3

Toste, Dean

384

Relaxation in ZnO (1010), (0001), and (0001) surfaces and the adsorption of CO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An atom superposition and electron delocalization molecular orbital study using cluster models shows surface zinc and oxygen ions relax into the (0001), (0001), and (1010) surfaces. The unsaturated zinc ions present surface states consisting of empty 4s, 4p hybridized orbitals with energy levels beneath the empty 4s, 4p band. The filled bands are O 2p nonbonding, Zn 4s + O 2p bonding, and Zn 3d, in order of increasing ionization potential. A study of CO adsorption to an unsaturated zinc ion on the (1010) surface produces an adsorption energy of 12 kcal/mol, a CO bond length decrease of 0.02 A, and an increase in the CO stretching force constant. The zinc ion unrelaxes to a position above the bulk-like position when CO is coordinated to it. The bonding of CO to zinc consists in closed shell sigma donation interactions of the CO 5sigma orbital with the filled Zn 3d and Zn 4s + O 2p bands with the antibonding counterpart stabilized by the Zn 4s, 4p surface state orbital. This 5sigma donation strengthens the CO bond and transfers charge to the surface. These results support a number of experimental structural, vibrational, and electronic studies in the literature.

Anderson, A.B.; Nichols, J.A.

1986-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

385

Synthesis and catalytic performance of graphene modified CuO-ZnO-Al2O3 for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CuO-ZnO-Al2O3 and graphene nanosheet (GNS) were synthesized by coprecipitation route and reduction of exfoliated graphite oxides method, respectively. GNS modified CuO-ZnO-Al2O3 nanocomposites were synthesized ...

Zheng-juan Liu, Xing-jiang Tang, Shan Xu, Xiao-lai Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

FINAL REPORT OF RESEARCH ON CuxS/ (Cd,Zn)S PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ENERGY CONVERTERS 3/77 - 9/79  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and (Cd,Zn)S/CuxS photovoltaic cells. The approach was tothe CuxS/(Cd,Zn)S photovoltaic cell in order to betterstudying CdS/CuxS photovoltaic cells, films prepared by the

Chin, B.L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

MG DOPING AND ALLOYING IN ZN3P2 HETEROJUNCTION SOLAR CELLS Gregory M. Kimball, Nathan S. Lewis, Harry A. Atwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

], or liquid contacts [5], with Mg/Zn3P2 Schottky diodes having exhibited >6% solar energy-conversion (5-10 IJm) minority-carrier diffusion lengths [2). To date, Zn3P2 has been produced almost

Kimball, Gregory

388

A facile bubble-assisted synthesis of porous Zn ferrite hollow microsphere and their excellent performance as an anode in lithium ion battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pure porous hollow Zn ferrite (ZnFe2O4) microspheres have been successfully synthesized by a facile bubble assisted method in the presence of ammonium acetate (NH4Ac) as an anode material in lithium ion battery. ...

Lingmin Yao; Xianhua Hou; Shejun Hu; Qiang Ru

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

On the variations of optical property and electronic structure in heavily Al-doped ZnO films during double-step growth process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the variations of optical property and electronic structure in heavily Al-doped ZnO (AZO) films during the growth process, which were formed by first creating Zn vacancies in O{sub 2}-rich atmosphere and second filling the vacancies with Zn atoms in Zn-vapor atmosphere. After the first step, the high-resistance AZO films have the same optical bandgap with nominally undoped ZnO, indicating that negligible variations in the fundamental bandgap happened to the AZO films although Al atom was incorporated into the ZnO lattice. After the second step, once free electrons were brought into the lattice by Zn-filling, the optical transition energy blueshifts due to the band-filling effect. X-ray absorption fine structure measurements suggest that Zn-filling process decreased the unoccupied states of the conduction band, but not raised the conduction band minimum.

Hu, Q. C.; Ding, K., E-mail: kding@fjirsm.ac.cn; Zhang, J. Y.; Yan, F. P.; Pan, D. M.; Huang, F., E-mail: fhuang@fjirsm.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Chiou, J. W., E-mail: jwchiou@nuk.edu.tw [Department of Applied Physics, National University of Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung 811, Taiwan (China)

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

390

Homojunction p-n photodiodes based on As-doped single ZnO nanowire  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photovoltaic device was successfully grown solely based on the single ZnO p-n homojunction nanowire. The ZnO nanowire p-n diode consists of an as-grown n-type segment and an in-situ arsenic doped p-type segment. This p-n homojunction acts as a good photovoltaic cell, producing a photocurrent almost 45 times larger than the dark current under reverse-biased condition. Our results demonstrate that present ZnO p-n homojunction nanowire can be used as a self-powered ultraviolet photodetector as well as a photovoltaic cell, which can also be used as an ultralow electrical power source for nano-scale electronic, optoelectronic, and medical devices.

Cho, H. D.; Zakirov, A. S.; Yuldashev, Sh. U.; Kang, T. W. [Quantum-Functional Semiconductor Research Center, Dongguk Univ.-Seoul, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, C. W. [Nano-materials Lab. National Nanofab Center at KAIST, 335 Gwahangno, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Yeo, Y. K. [Department of Engineering Physics, Air Force Institute of Technology,Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 (United States)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

391

Photovoltaic device on a single ZnO nanowire pn homojunction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A photovoltaic device was successfully grown solely based on the single ZnO pn homojunction nanowire. The ZnO nanowire pn diode consists of an as-grown n-type segment and an insitu arsenic-doped p-type segment. This pn homojunction acts as a good photovoltaic cell, producing a photocurrent almost 45 times larger than the dark current under reverse-biased conditions. Our results demonstrate that the present ZnO pn homojunction nanowire can be used as a self-powered ultraviolet photodetector as well as a photovoltaic cell, which can also be used as an ultralow electrical power source for nanoscale electronic, optoelectronic and medical devices.

Hak Dong Cho; Anvar S Zakirov; Shavkat U Yuldashev; Chi Won Ahn; Yung Kee Yeo; Tae Won Kang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Optical properties of single ZnTe nanowires grown at low temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optically active gold-catalyzed ZnTe nanowires have been grown by molecular beam epitaxy, on a ZnTe(111) buffer layer, at low temperature (350 C) under Te rich conditions, and at ultra-low density (from 1 to 5 nanowires per ?m{sup 2}). The crystalline structure is zinc blende as identified by transmission electron microscopy. All nanowires are tapered and the majority of them are <111> oriented. Low temperature micro-photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence experiments have been performed on single nanowires. We observe a narrow emission line with a blue-shift of 2 or 3 meV with respect to the exciton energy in bulk ZnTe. This shift is attributed to the strain induced by a 5 nm-thick oxide layer covering the nanowires, and this assumption is supported by a quantitative estimation of the strain in the nanowires.

Artioli, A.; Stepanov, P.; Den Hertog, M.; Bougerol, C.; Genuist, Y.; Donatini, F.; Andr, R.; Nogues, G.; Tatarenko, S.; Ferrand, D.; Cibert, J. [Inst NEEL, Universiy of Grenoble Alpes, F-38042 Grenoble (France) [Inst NEEL, Universiy of Grenoble Alpes, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Inst NEEL, CNRS, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Rueda-Fonseca, P. [Inst NEEL, Universiy of Grenoble Alpes, F-38042 Grenoble (France) [Inst NEEL, Universiy of Grenoble Alpes, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Inst NEEL, CNRS, F-38042 Grenoble (France); INAC, CEA and Universit de Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France); Bellet-Amalric, E.; Kheng, K. [INAC, CEA and Universit de Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France)] [INAC, CEA and Universit de Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

393

Mothproofing of wool fabric utilizing ZnO nanoparticles optimized by statistical models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wool with high strength, elasticity, and resiliency has good dye-ability and comfort however could be digested by keratinolytic enzymes. In this research, wool fabric pre-treated with BTCA and then treated with nano ZnO. The treated fabrics showed mothproofing activity against the larvae of carpet beetle, Anthrenus verbasci, as feeding protein fibers. The role of both BTCA and nano ZnO concentrations on mothproofing properties of the wool fabric were optimized using statistical model of response surface methodology (RSM). Mothproofing was investigated through assessing wool weight loss during feeding by A. verbasci. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) was utilized to obtain the optimum models for wool with mothproofing properties. The damages on the wool surface confirmed with scanning electron microscopy and digital camera images. Further transmission and absorbance spectra approved the UV protection properties of the nano ZnO treated wool in both UVA and UVB.

Ali Nazari; Majid Montazer; Mehdi Dehghani-Zahedani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Spectroscopy peculiarities of thermal plasma of electric arc discharge between electrodes with Zn admixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Plasma of the free burning electric arc between AgSnO2ZnO composite electrodes as well as brass electrodes were investigated. The plasma temperature distributions were obtained by Boltzmann plot method involving Cu I, Ag I or Zn I spectral line emissions. The electron density distributions were obtained from the width and from absolute intensity of spectral lines. The laser absorption spectroscopy was used for measurement of copper atom concentration in plasma. Plasma equilibrium composition was calculated using two independent groups of experimental values (temperature and copper atom concentration, temperature and electron density). It was found that plasma of the free burning electric arc between brass electrodes is in local thermodynamical equilibrium. The experimental verification of the spectroscopic data of Zn I spectral lines was carried out.

R.V. Semenyshyn; A.N. Veklich; I.L. Babich; V.F. Boretskij

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Electrical transport properties in nitrogen-doped p-type ZnO thin film  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrical transport properties of p-type ZnO:N films grown by thermal activation of the nitrogen dopant were investigated via the temperature-dependent Hall effect. The Hall mobility increases with decreasing temperature. Varied scattering mechanisms have been analysed including lattice vibration scattering, ionized impurity scattering and dislocation scattering. A fit of the theory to temperature-dependent hole mobility experimental data in p-type ZnO:N films gives dislocation densities in the order of 1012 cm?2. The analysis shows dislocation scattering is indeed important for the p-type ZnO films grown on the mismatched substrate. The thermal ionization energy of the nitrogen acceptor is estimated to be 170 meV in terms of the temperature-dependent hole concentration. On the other hand, the emission related to the acceptors is observed in PL spectra.

Z Y Xiao; Y C Liu; B H Li; J Y Zhang; D X Zhao; Y M Lu; D Z Shen; X W Fan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Growth and optical properties of CdTe quantum dots in ZnTe nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the formation of optically active CdTe quantum dots in ZnTe nanowires. The CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures have been grown by a gold nanocatalyst assisted molecular beam epitaxy in a vapor-liquid solid growth process. The presence of CdTe insertions in ZnTe nanowire results in the appearance of a strong photoluminescence band in the 2.0 eV-2.25 eV energy range. Spatially resolved photoluminescence measurements reveal that this broad emission consists of several sharp lines with the spectral width of about 2 meV. The large degree of linear polarization of these individual emission lines confirms their nanowire origin, whereas the zero-dimensional confinement is proved by photon correlation spectroscopy.

Wojnar, Piotr; Janik, Elzbieta; Baczewski, Lech T.; Kret, Slawomir; Karczewski, G.; Wojtowicz, Tomasz [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Goryca, Mateusz; Kazimierczuk, Tomasz; Kossacki, Piotr [Institute of Experimental Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland)

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

397

Band offsets in HfO{sub 2}/InGaZnO{sub 4} heterojunctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The valence band discontinuity ({Delta}E{sub V}) of sputter deposited HfO{sub 2}/InZnGaO{sub 4} (IGZO) heterostructures was obtained from x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements. The HfO{sub 2} exhibited a bandgap of 6.07 eV from absorption measurements. A value of {Delta}E{sub V} = 0.48 {+-} 0.025 eV was obtained by using the Ga 2p{sub 3/2}, Zn 2p{sub 3/2}, and In 3d{sub 5/2} energy levels as references. This implies a conduction band offset {Delta}E{sub C} of 2.39 eV in HfO{sub 2}/InGaZnO{sub 4} heterostructures and a nested interface band alignment.

Cho, Hyun [Department of Nanomechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Gyeongnam 627-706 (Korea, Republic of); Douglas, E. A.; Gila, B. P.; Craciun, V.; Lambers, E. S.; Pearton, S. J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Ren Fan [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

2012-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

398

Mechanism and kinetics of Zn(II) removal from wastewater by immobilised beads of SRB sludge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The treatment of Zn(II)-bearing wastewater by immobilised Sulfate Reducing Bacteria (SRB) sludge beads of inner cohesive nutrient source was investigated, by which the traditional problems in SRB methods were resolved. The mechanism and kinetics model on Zn(II) removal were studied. The results showed that SO42? was reduced to S2? on the surface of SRB sludge beads, and Zn(II) precipitated outside beads. The effect of internal diffusion could be neglected, and the chemical reaction was the rate determining step. The reaction kinetics was followed by Micaelis-Menten formula, and the constants, Ks and vmax were 8.99 mg?L?1 and 0.018 mg?L?1?s?1, respectively.

Liyuan Chai; Xiaobo Min; Ning Tang; Yunyan Wang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Measuring size dependent electrical properties from nanoneedle structures: Pt/ZnO Schottky diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work reports the fabrication and testing of nanoneedle devices with well-defined interfaces that are amenable to a variety of structural and electrical characterization, including transmission electron microscopy. Single Pt/ZnO nanoneedle Schottky diodes were fabricated by a top down method using a combination of electro-polishing, sputtering, and focused ion beam milling. The resulting structures contained nanoscale planar heterojunctions with low ideality factors, the dimensions of which were tuned to study size-dependent electrical properties. The diameter dependence of the Pt/ZnO diode barrier height is explained by a joule heating effect and/or electronic inhomogeneity in the Pt/ZnO contact area.

Mao, Shimin; Anderson, Daniel D. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Shang, Tao [Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Park, Byoungnam [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Hongik University, 72-1 Sangsu-dong, Mapo-gu, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Dillon, Shen J., E-mail: sdillon@illinois.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

400

Al-doped ZnO powdered materials: Al solubility limit and IR absorption properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Al-doped ZnO powder was synthesized via the Pechini route with a doping rate varying from 1 to 4mol.%. A solubility limit has been estimated under 0.3mol.% of Al using X-ray diffraction refinements. The incorporation of aluminium into the ZnO lattice was investigated by 27Al NMR, which suggests an extremely low amount of Al in a distribution of sites in ZnO. In order to assess the impact of such a low dopant amount, diffuse reflection experiments were performed for a wavelength range from 200 to 2500nm. If the effect of doping was negligible for samples prepared at 850C, annealing at 1200C clearly reveals enhanced IR absorption properties for the doped samples, which are similar whatever be the nominal Al content.

Hlne Serier; Manuel Gaudon; Michel Mntrier

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 26 dc. 2011 au 1er Janvier 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 26 déc. 2011 au 1er Janvier 2012 Time ­ December 26, 2011 Cover : Another alternative to the office. Newsweek ­ December 26, 2011 / January, 02, 2012 Movies ­ History Meryl

Rennes, Université de

402

Amorphization Processes in Au Ion Irradiated GaN at 150 - 300...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and small crystalline zones that are randomly oriented. Citation: Jiang W, WJ Weber, LM Wang, and K Sun.2004."Amorphization Processes in Au Ion Irradiated GaN at 150 - 300...

403

E-Print Network 3.0 - au parlement periode Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

periode Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: au parlement periode Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Proposition de sujet de thse Les fonctions...

404

E-Print Network 3.0 - au parlement europeen Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

europeen Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: au parlement europeen Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 EuropE and thE World:thE Eus ExtErnal...

405

E-Print Network 3.0 - au moyen du Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

du Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: au moyen du Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Formulaire adress aux stagiairesvisiteurs ayant eu accs...

406

E-Print Network 3.0 - application au melange Sample Search Results  

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melange Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: application au melange Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Plans d'experience pour melange de...

407

E-Print Network 3.0 - au curriculum vitae Sample Search Results  

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curriculum vitae Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: au curriculum vitae Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Appt of examiners for HDR thesis...

408

AU CONSERVATOJRE NATIONAL DES ARTS ET METIERS CENTRE ASSOCIE DE SAINT ETIENNE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.C. GOUT.[ LIE \\ 1 tel-00905255,version1-18Nov2013 #12;Cette étude a été effectuée au Laboratoire de Chimie

Boyer, Edmond

409

E-Print Network 3.0 - au signal 1h Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

et Contrle du Signal Summary: parallle une initiation continue au logiciel MATLAB). 16 h de Cours (12 sances d'1h20). 32 h de TD sur... MATLAB et du toolbox Signal...

410

Centrales au gaz et Energies renouvelables: comparer des pommes avec des pommes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prix fixe. Cest ce que fait Xcel Energy, densemble. Danspourraient suivre lexemple de Xcel Energy au Minne- sota toutes les formes dnergie, Xcel Energy oblige que les

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

E-Print Network 3.0 - au strontium une Sample Search Results  

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strontium une Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: au strontium une Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE, Colloque C6,...

412

PHOTO OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING fAU2011 OR LATER)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHOTO OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING fAU2011 OR LATER) NOTE: ALL COURSE NUMBERS .........................................................................................3 MTA 260 - Intro Color Photo): .................................................................................9 MTA 2XX - Documentary Film & Photography (3) MTA303 - Early History of Photo (3) MTA304

Dyer, Bill

413

E-Print Network 3.0 - au japon le Sample Search Results  

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japon le Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: au japon le Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 start-upstart-up Mardi19 avril 2011 Aprs le succs...

414

E-Print Network 3.0 - application au common Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Italy, 26-28 April 2006 AU-SN FLIP-CHIP SOLDER BUMP FOR MICROELECTRONIC AND OPTOELECTRONIC... APPLICATIONS Jeong-Won Yoon, Hyun-Suk Chun, Ja-Myeong Koo and Seung-Boo Jung...

415

E-Print Network 3.0 - application au complexe Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Italy, 26-28 April 2006 AU-SN FLIP-CHIP SOLDER BUMP FOR MICROELECTRONIC AND OPTOELECTRONIC... APPLICATIONS Jeong-Won Yoon, Hyun-Suk Chun, Ja-Myeong Koo and Seung-Boo Jung...

416

Electrocatalytic Dioxygen Reduction on Underpotentially Deposited Tl on Au(111) Studied by an Active Site Blocking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to those related to corrosion and metal-air batteries. Consequently, dioxygen reduction has been well (upd) process.4,8 There are several upd metals including Bi, Pb, and Tl on Au(111), which are known

Kwak, Juhyoun

417

Geochemistry of PGE and Au in ferromanganese crusts from seamounts in the west Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ferromanganese crusts and their basaltic substrates from the Magellan Seamount are greatly, enriched in PGE (?PGE=70.09 to 629.69 ppb) and Au (0.60 to > 1500 ppb). Chondrite-normalized patterns and noble gases...

Xue Ting; Sun Xiaoming; He Gaowen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Angular Distribution and Recoil Effect for 1 MeV Au+ Ions through...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

compounds. In this work, time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) is applied to determine the angular distribution of 1 MeV Au ions after penetrating a...

419

E-Print Network 3.0 - au travail dans Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

et dveloppement, la porte socio-historique de l'analyse du dveloppement d'Amartya Sen1 Summary: d'gale libert dans la participation au march du travail tend se...

420

Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 13 au 20 dcembre 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 13 au 20 décembre 2010 Time ­ December 13, 2010 COVER Truth's Consequences: WikiLeaks' War on Secrecy (By MASSIMO CALABRESI) : Rogue activist Julian Assange wants to curb

Rennes, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

E-Print Network 3.0 - au gaz naturel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

les gaz rares se comportent au point de vue du passage de la dcharge, d... liberalisation un gaz en dehors de tout champ lctrique un (hamp trop faible pour que les...

422

Surface diffusion coefficient of Au atoms on single layer graphene grown on Cu  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 5?nm thick Au film was deposited on single layer graphene sheets grown on Cu. By thermal processes, the dewetting phenomenon of the Au film on the graphene was induced so to form Au nanoparticles. The mean radius, surface-to-surface distance, and surface density evolution of the nanoparticles on the graphene sheets as a function of the annealing temperature were quantified by scanning electron microscopy analyses. These quantitative data were analyzed within the classical mean-field nucleation theory so to obtain the temperature-dependent Au atoms surface diffusion coefficient on graphene: D{sub S}(T)=[(8.20.6)10{sup ?8}]exp[?(0.310.02(eV)/(at) )/kT]?cm{sup 2}/s.

Ruffino, F., E-mail: francesco.ruffino@ct.infn.it; Cacciato, G.; Grimaldi, M. G. [Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia-Universit di Catania, via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania, Italy and MATIS IMM-CNR, via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

423

Comparison Between Simulated And Experimental Au-ion Profiles Implanted in nanocrystalline ceria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation response of nanocrystalline ceria films deposited on a silicon substrate was investigated under a 3-MeV Au-ion irradiation at 300 K. A uniform grain growth cross the ceria films is observed and effective densification of the ceria thin films occurs during irradiation. The Au ion profiling was measured by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and compared to the Au ion distribution predicted by the Stopping and Range of Ions in Solids (SRIM) code. It is observed that the Au-ion penetration depth is underestimated in comparison with the SIMS measurements. An overestimation of the electronic stopping power for heavy incident ions in the SRIM program may account for the discrepancies between the calculations and the SIMS experimental results. This work presents an approach to compensate the overestimation of the electronic stopping powers in the SRIM program by adjusting the nanocrystalline ceria target density to better predict the ion implantation profile.

Moll, Sandra J.; Zhang, Yanwen; Zhu, Zihua; Edmondson, Philip D.; Namavar, Fereydoon; Weber, William J.

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

Demonstration of Ballistic Electron Emission Microscopy / Spectroscopy on the Au/Si (001) system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

microscopy; hence, the analytical capabilities of BEEM are on a manometer scale. To use BEEM, low-noise Au/Si (001) Schottky diodes have been fabricated. The diodes were macroscopically tested for their electrical properties using conventional current...

Drummond, Mary Alyssa

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

425

E-Print Network 3.0 - application au chauffage Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

36 Universit de Caen Basse-Normandie U.F.R. de Sciences Summary: chauffage micro-ondes est tudie depuis une vingtaine d'annes au laboratoire CRISMAT (Caen)....

426

E-Print Network 3.0 - au point du Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

les travaux en cours sur l'cologie du roseau commun Summary: 'cologie du roseau commun (Phragmites australis) au Qubec No 9 - Mai 2007 Le 25 mars 2004, le Ministre des......

427

Enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution under visible light over Cd x Zn1?x S solid solution by ruthenium doping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cd x Zn1?x S and Ru3+ doped Ru(m)/Cd0.5Zn0.5S photocatalysts were prepared by a simple hydrothermal method, and characterized by X-ray diffraction, UVVis absorpt...

Shaoqin Peng; Ran An; Zhisheng Wu

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Reversible Modification of CdSe-CdS/ZnS Quantum Dot Fluorescence by Surrounding Ca2+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reversible Modification of CdSe-CdS/ZnS Quantum Dot Fluorescence by Surrounding Ca2+ Ions Li Li (3-MPA) coated CdSe-CdS/ZnS core-multishell QDs when free Ca2+ ions were added to and subsequently removed from the QD solution. It was found that QD fluorescence intensity was reduced when Ca2+ ions were

Haviland, David

429

Synthesis and Characterization of Ag-or Sb-Doped ZnO Nanorods by a Facile Hydrothermal Route  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis and Characterization of Ag- or Sb-Doped ZnO Nanorods by a Facile Hydrothermal Route Oleg Stefan Cel Mare BouleVard, MD-2004 Chisinau, Republic of MoldoVa, AdVanced Materials Processing ZnO nanorods doped with Ag and Sb have been synthesized by a facile hydrothermal technique. Crystal

Kik, Pieter

430

Effects of temperature on the optical and electrical properties of ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by sol-gel method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ZnO nanoparticles for different thermal treatment temperatures were prepared by using sol-gel method under supercritical drying of ethyl alcohol. The structural properties showed that the ZnO nanoparticles exhibit hexagonal wurtzite structure. Thus, ... Keywords: Electrical conductivity, Nanoparticles, Optical materials, Sol-gel, Zinc oxide

K. Omri, I. Najeh, R. Dhahri, J. El Ghoul, L. El Mir

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Determination of secondary ion mass spectrometry relative sensitivity factors for polar and non-polar ZnO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zinc oxide (ZnO) is regarded as a promising material for optoelectronic devices, due to its electronic properties. Solely, the difficulty in obtaining p-type ZnO impedes further progress. In this connection, the identification and quantification of impurities is a major demand. For quantitative information using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), so-called relative sensitivity factors (RSF) are mandatory. Such conversion factors did not yet exist for ZnO. In this work, we present the determined RSF values for ZnO using primary (ion implanted) as well as secondary (bulk doped) standards. These RSFs have been applied to commercially available ZnO substrates of different surface termination (a-plane, Zn-face, and O-face) to quantify the contained impurities. Although these ZnO substrates originate from the same single-crystal, we observe discrepancies in the impurity concentrations. These results cannot be attributed to surface termination dependent RSF values for ZnO.

Laufer, Andreas; Volbers, Niklas; Eisermann, Sebastian; Meyer, Bruno K. [Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Giessen (Germany); Potzger, Kay [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstrasse 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany); Geburt, Sebastian; Ronning, Carsten [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Fabrication of ZnO/Cu2O heterojunctions in atmospheric conditions: improved interface quality and solar cell performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zn_1-xMg_xO/Cu_2O heterojunctions were successfully fabricated in open-air at low temperatures via atmospheric atomic layer deposition of Zn_1-xMg_xO on thermally oxidized cuprous oxide. Solar cells employing these heterojunctions demonstrated a...

Ievskaya, Y.; Hoye, R. L. Z.; Sadhanala, A.; Musselman, K.; MacManus-Driscoll, J. L.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Enhanced ethanol sensing properties of TiO2/ZnO coreshell nanorod sensors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TiO2-core/ZnO-shell nanorods were synthesized using a two-step process: the synthesis of TiO2 nanorods using a hydrothermal method followed by atomic layer deposition of ZnO. The mean diameter and length of the n...

Sunghoon Park; Soyeon An; Hyunsung Ko; Sangmin Lee; Hyoun Woo Kim

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Microfluidic pumps employing surface acoustic waves generated in ZnO thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ZnO thin film based surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices have been utilized to fabricate microfluidic pumps. The SAW devices were fabricated on nanocrystalline ZnO piezoelectric thin films deposited on Si substrates using rf magnetron sputtering and use a Sezawa wave mode for effective droplet motion. The as-deposited ZnO surface is hydrophilic, with a water contact angle of {approx}75 deg., which prevents droplet pumping. Therefore, the ZnO surface was coated using a self-assembled monolayer of octadecyltrichlorosilane which forms a hydrophobic surface with a water contact angle of {approx}110 deg. Liquid droplets between 0.5 and 1 {mu}l in volume were successfully pumped on the hydrophobic ZnO surface at velocities up to 1 cm s{sup -1}. Under acoustic pressure, the water droplet on an hydrophilic surface becomes deformed, and the asymmetry in the contact angle at the trailing and leading edges allow the force acting upon the droplet to be calculated. These forces, which increase with input voltage above a threshold level, are found to be in the range of {approx}100 {mu}N. A pulsed rf signal has also been used to demonstrate precision manipulation of the liquid droplets. Furthermore, a SAW device structure is demonstrated in which the ZnO piezoelectric only exists under the input and output transducers. This structure still permits pumping, while avoiding direct contact between the piezoelectric material and the fluid. This is of particular importance for biological laboratory-on-a-chip applications.

Du, X. Y.; Flewitt, A. J.; Milne, W. I. [Electrical Engineering Division, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, JJ Thomson Ave., Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom); Fu, Y. Q. [Electrical Engineering Division, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, JJ Thomson Ave., Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom); Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Luo, J. K. [Electrical Engineering Division, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, JJ Thomson Ave., Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom); Centre for Material Research and Innovation, University of Bolton, Deane Road, Bolton BL3 5AB (United Kingdom)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

STAGES -ENSEIGNEMENT AU SECONDAIRE (BES) ANGLAIS LANGUE SECONDE (BEALS) Programme Dure / Rythme Calendrier Milieux de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STAGES - ENSEIGNEMENT AU SECONDAIRE (BES) ANGLAIS LANGUE SECONDE (BEALS) Programme Durée / Rythme'enseignante ou l'enseignant associé BES/BEALS STP 100 (2 cr) STP 111 (2 cr) Niveau 1 Valeur 1 10 jours 10 jours perlés (dont 1 journée au primaire pour le BEALS) Les mercredis 17 sept., 1er , 8, 22, 29 oct., 5, 19, 26

Spino, Claude

436

Synthesis of Mixed Copper?Zinc Basic Carbonates and Zn-Doped Tenorite by Homogeneous Alkalinization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the range 0.50 ? XZn > 0.30, on the other hand, only aurichalcite forms; the final solid composition is essentially that of the starting solution. ... Mixtures of aurichalcite, zincian?malachites and Zn-doped tenorite, in varying proportions, form at intermediate XZn values. ... 18-21These procedures, in which coprecipitation takes place at very large supersaturations, usually give rise to mixed copper?zinc hydroxycarbonate phases, mainly aurichalcite and zincian?malachites;22-26subsequent thermal decomposition, which leads to what is believed to be a fine CuO?ZnO interdispersion, followed by reduction yields the final catalysts. ...

Galo J. de A. A. Soler-Illia; Roberto J. Candal; Alberto E. Regazzoni; Miguel A. Blesa

1997-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

437

Analysis of the thermoelectric properties of n-type ZnO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report an investigation of the temperature- and doping-dependent thermoelectric behavior of n-type ZnO. The results are based on a combination of experimental data from the literature and calculated transport functions obtained from Boltzmann transport theory applied to the first-principles electronic structure. From this we obtain the dependence of the figure of merit ZT on doping and temperature. We find that improvement of the lattice thermal conductivity is essential for obtaining high ZT in n-type ZnO.

Ong, Khuong P [IHPC, Singapore; Singh, David J [ORNL; Wu, Ping [IHPC, Singapore

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Microstructure and electrical properties of p-type phosphorus-doped ZnO films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The microscopic defects and their effects on the electrical properties of phosphorus-doped ZnO films epitaxially grown on (0?0?0?1) sapphire and ZnO substrates by pulsed laser deposition are studied. While threading dislocations were observed only in heteroepitaxial films, a high density of partial dislocations associated with interstitial dislocation loops was observed in films grown on both substrates. These dislocations provide sinks to quench native donors and favour the injection of zinc vacancies to form acceptor-complex defects, thus leading to p-type conductivity.

A Allenic; W Guo; Y B Chen; Y Che; Z D Hu; B Liu; X Q Pan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Impact of transparent electrode on photoresponse of ZnO-based phototransistor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ZnO-based photo-thin film transistors with enhanced photoresponse were developed using transparent conductive oxide contacts. Changing the electrode from opaque Mo to transparent In-Zn-O increases the photocurrent by five orders of magnitude. By changing the opacity of each source and drain electrode, we could observe how the photoresponse is affected. We deduce that the photocurrent generation mechanism is based on an energy band change due to the photon irradiation. More importantly, we reveal that the photocurrent is determined by the energy barrier of injected electrons at the interface between the source electrode and the active layer.

Lee, Seunghyup; Ahn, Seung-Eon, E-mail: seungeon.ahn@samsung.com; Jeon, Yongwoo; Ahn, Ji-Hoon; Song, Ihun; Kim, Jungwoo; Choi, Hyung; Chung, U-in; Park, Jaechul [Advanced Device Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Samsung Electronics Corporation, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)] [Advanced Device Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Samsung Electronics Corporation, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, Sanghun [Department of Display and Semiconductor Physics and Department of Applied Physics, Korea University, 2511, Sejongro, Sejong, 339700 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Display and Semiconductor Physics and Department of Applied Physics, Korea University, 2511, Sejongro, Sejong, 339700 (Korea, Republic of); Yun, Dong-Jin [Analytical Science Group, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Samsung Electronics Corporation, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)] [Analytical Science Group, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Samsung Electronics Corporation, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

440

Fracture Behavior of a Laser Beam Welded High-strength Al-Zn Alloy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Laser beam welding of butt joints made of the newly developed high-strength Al-Zn alloy PA734 is conducted. A new approach of the Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht is used to solve the problems of weldability and softening. The results of the fatigue, fatigue crack propagation and fracture toughness tests are discussed relating to the microstructural characteristics and the mechanical properties of the laser welded joints and compared to the base material. The obtained data can be used for the assessment of the damage tolerance behaviour of the laser welded integral aircraft structures made of Al-Zn alloys.

J. Enz; H. Iwan; S. Riekehr; V. Ventzke; N. Kashaev

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Remote plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition of ZnO for thin film electronic applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a systematic approach to analyze the simultaneous impact of various reactant plasma parameters of remote plasma enhanced ALD (PEALD) on the ZnO thin film properties. Particular emphasis is placed on the film stoichiometry which affects the electrical properties of the thin film. Design of Experiment (DOE) is used to study the impact of the oxygen plasma parameters such as the RF power, pressure and plasma time to realize semiconductor quality of ZnO thin film. Based on the optimized plasma condition, staggered bottom-gate \\{TFTs\\} were fabricated and its electrical characteristics were measured.

S.M. Sultan; O.D. Clark; T.B. Masaud; Q. Fang; R. Gunn; M.M.A. Hakim; K. Sun; P. Ashburn; H.M.H. Chong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Systematic Study of Azimuthal Anisotropy in Cu$+$Cu and Au$+$Au Collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 62.4$ and 200~GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the dependence of azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$ for inclusive and identified charged hadrons in Au$+$Au and Cu$+$Cu collisions on collision energy, species, and centrality. The values of $v_2$ as a function of transverse momentum $p_T$ and centrality in Au$+$Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$=200~GeV and 62.4~GeV are the same within uncertainties. However, in Cu$+$Cu collisions we observe a decrease in $v_2$ values as the collision energy is reduced from 200 to 62.4~GeV. The decrease is larger in the more peripheral collisions. By examining both Au$+$Au and Cu$+$Cu collisions we find that $v_2$ depends both on eccentricity and the number of participants, $N_{\\rm part}$. We observe that $v_2$ divided by eccentricity ($\\varepsilon$) monotonically increases with $N_{\\rm part}$ and scales as ${N_{\\rm part}^{1/3}}$. The Cu$+$Cu data at 62.4 GeV falls below the other scaled $v_{2}$ data. For identified hadrons, $v_2$ divided by the number of constituent quarks $n_q$ is independent of hadron species as a function of transverse kinetic energy $KE_T=m_T-m$ between $0.1

A. Adare; S. Afanasiev; C. Aidala; N. N. Ajitanand; Y. Akiba; H. Al-Bataineh; A. Al-Jamel; J. Alexander; K. Aoki; L. Aphecetche; R. Armendariz; S. H. Aronson; J. Asai; E. T. Atomssa; R. Averbeck; T. C. Awes; B. Azmoun; V. Babintsev; G. Baksay; L. Baksay; A. Baldisseri; K. N. Barish; P. D. Barnes; B. Bassalleck; S. Bathe; S. Batsouli; V. Baublis; F. Bauer; A. Bazilevsky; S. Belikov; R. Bennett; Y. Berdnikov; A. A. Bickley; M. T. Bjorndal; J. G. Boissevain; H. Borel; K. Boyle; M. L. Brooks; D. S. Brown; D. Bucher; H. Buesching; V. Bumazhnov; G. Bunce; J. M. Burward-Hoy; S. Butsyk; S. Campbell; J. -S. Chai; B. S. Chang; J. -L. Charvet; S. Chernichenko; C. Y. Chi; J. Chiba; M. Chiu; I. J. Choi; T. Chujo; P. Chung; A. Churyn; V. Cianciolo; C. R. Cleven; Y. Cobigo; B. A. Cole; M. P. Comets; P. Constantin; M. Csand; T. Csrg?; T. Dahms; K. Das; G. David; M. B. Deaton; K. Dehmelt; H. Delagrange; A. Denisov; D. d'Enterria; A. Deshpande; E. J. Desmond; O. Dietzsch; A. Dion; M. Donadelli; J. L. Drachenberg; O. Drapier; A. Drees; A. K. Dubey; A. Durum; V. Dzhordzhadze; Y. V. Efremenko; J. Egdemir; F. Ellinghaus; W. S. Emam; A. Enokizono; H. En'yo; B. Espagnon; S. Esumi; K. O. Eyser; D. E. Fields; M. Finger; M. Finger; \\, Jr.; F. Fleuret; S. L. Fokin; B. Forestier; Z. Fraenkel; J. E. Frantz; A. Franz; A. D. Frawley; K. Fujiwara; Y. Fukao; S. -Y. Fung; T. Fusayasu; S. Gadrat; I. Garishvili; F. Gastineau; M. Germain; A. Glenn; H. Gong; M. Gonin; J. Gosset; Y. Goto; R. Granier de Cassagnac; N. Grau; S. V. Greene; M. Grosse Perdekamp; T. Gunji; H. -. Gustafsson; T. Hachiya; A. Hadj Henni; C. Haegemann; J. S. Haggerty; M. N. Hagiwara; H. Hamagaki; R. Han; H. Harada; E. P. Hartouni; K. Haruna; M. Harvey; E. Haslum; K. Hasuko; R. Hayano; X. He; M. Heffner; T. K. Hemmick; T. Hester; J. M. Heuser; H. Hiejima; J. C. Hill; R. Hobbs; M. Hohlmann; M. Holmes; W. Holzmann; K. Homma; B. Hong; T. Horaguchi; D. Hornback; S. Huang; M. G. Hur; T. Ichihara; H. Iinuma; K. Imai; M. Inaba; Y. Inoue; D. Isenhower; L. Isenhower; M. Ishihara; T. Isobe; M. Issah; A. Isupov; B. V. Jacak; J. Jia; J. Jin; O. Jinnouchi; B. M. Johnson; K. S. Joo; D. Jouan; F. Kajihara; S. Kametani; N. Kamihara; J. Kamin; M. Kaneta; J. H. Kang; H. Kanou; T. Kawagishi; D. Kawall; A. V. Kazantsev; S. Kelly; A. Khanzadeev; J. Kikuchi; D. H. Kim; D. J. Kim; E. Kim; Y. -S. Kim; E. Kinney; . Kiss; E. Kistenev; A. Kiyomichi; J. Klay; C. Klein-Boesing; L. Kochenda; V. Kochetkov; B. Komkov; M. Konno; D. Kotchetkov; A. Kozlov; A. Krl; A. Kravitz; P. J. Kroon; J. Kubart; G. J. Kunde; N. Kurihara; K. Kurita; M. J. Kweon; Y. Kwon; G. S. Kyle; R. Lacey; Y. S. Lai; J. G. Lajoie; A. Lebedev; Y. Le Bornec; S. Leckey; D. M. Lee; M. K. Lee; T. Lee; M. J. Leitch; M. A. L. Leite; B. Lenzi; X. Li; X. H. Li; H. Lim; T. Lika; A. Litvinenko; M. X. Liu; B. Love; D. Lynch; C. F. Maguire; Y. I. Makdisi; A. Malakhov; M. D. Malik; V. I. Manko; Y. Mao; L. Maek; H. Masui; F. Matathias; M. C. McCain; M. McCumber; P. L. McGaughey; Y. Miake; P. Mike; K. Miki; T. E. Miller; A. Milov; S. Mioduszewski; G. C. Mishra; M. Mishra; J. T. Mitchell; M. Mitrovski; A. Morreale; D. P. Morrison; J. M. Moss; T. V. Moukhanova; D. Mukhopadhyay; J. Murata; S. Nagamiya; Y. Nagata; J. L. Nagle; M. Naglis; I. Nakagawa; Y. Nakamiya; T. Nakamura; K. Nakano; J. Newby; M. Nguyen; B. E. Norman; R. Nouicer; A. S. Nyanin; J. Nystrand; E. O'Brien; S. X. Oda; C. A. Ogilvie; H. Ohnishi; I. D. Ojha; M. Oka; K. Okada; O. O. Omiwade; A. Oskarsson; I. Otterlund; M. Ouchida; K. Ozawa; R. Pak; D. Pal; A. P. T. Palounek; V. Pantuev; V. Papavassiliou; J. Park; W. J. Park; S. F. Pate; H. Pei; J. -C. Peng; H. Pereira; V. Peresedov; D. Yu. Peressounko; C. Pinkenburg; R. P. Pisani; M. L. Purschke; A. K. Purwar; H. Qu; J. Rak; A. Rakotozafindrabe; I. Ravinovich; K. F. Read; S. Rembeczki; M. Reuter; K. Reygers; V. Riabov; Y. Riabov; G. Roche; A. Romana; M. Rosati; S. S. E. Rosendahl; P. Rosnet; P. Rukoyatkin; V. L. Rykov; S. S. Ryu; B. Sahlmueller; N. Saito; T. Sakaguchi; S. Sakai; H. Sakata; V. Samsonov; H. D. Sato; S. Sato; S. Sawada; J. Seele; R. Seidl; V. Semenov; R. Seto; D. Sharma; T. K. Shea; I. Shein; A. Shevel; T. -A. Shibata; K. Shigaki; M. Shimomura; T. Shohjoh; K. Shoji; A. Sickles; C. L. Silva; D. Silvermyr; C. Silvestre; K. S. Sim; C. P. Singh; V. Singh; S. Skutnik; M. Slune?ka; W. C. Smith; A. Soldatov; R. A. Soltz; W. E. Sondheim; S. P. Sorensen; I. V. Sourikova; F. Staley; P. W. Stankus; E. Stenlund; M. Stepanov; A. Ster; S. P. Stoll; T. Sugitate; C. Suire; J. P. Sullivan; J. Sziklai; T. Tabaru; S. Takagi; E. M. Takagui; A. Taketani; K. H. Tanaka; Y. Tanaka; K. Tanida; M. J. Tannenbaum; A. Taranenko; P. Tarjn; T. L. Thomas; T. Todoroki; M. Togawa; A. Toia; J. Tojo; L. Tomek; H. Torii; R. S. Towell; V-N. Tram; I. Tserruya; Y. Tsuchimoto; S. K. Tuli; H. Tydesj; N. Tyurin; C. Vale; H. Valle

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

443

Effects of nitrogen on the growth and optical properties of ZnO thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ZnO thin films were grown using pulsed laser deposition by ablating a Zn target in various mixtures of O2 and N2. The presence of N2 during deposition was found to affect the growth of the ZnO thin films and their optical properties. Small N2 concentrations during growth led to strong acceptor-related photoluminescence (PL), while larger concentrations affected both the intensity and temperature dependence of the emission peaks. In addition, the PL properties of the annealed ZnO thin films are associated with the N2 concentration during their growth. The possible role of nitrogen in ZnO growth and annealing is discussed.

J B Cui; M A Thomas; Y C Soo; H Kandel; T P Chen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Development of High-Efficiency Cd-Free Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells Using Chemically Deposited ZnS Film  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A ZnS film covered completely the CIGS surface without pinholes. The thickness of the ZnS film could be controlled according to the cycle number of the CBD process. As the thickness of the ZnS film increased, ...

Dong Hyeop Shin; Seung Tae Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Role of copper in the regulation of CU, ZN-superoxide dismutase in human K562 erythroleukemia cells and human fibroblasts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Activation of the enzyme CU2Zn2-SUperoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) by its copper cofactor was studied in K562 erythroleukemia cells and skin fibroblasts. K562 cells were incubated in medium supplemented with 0-50 IIM CUC12 or ZnCI2 for 24 h and extracts...

Yu, Dan

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Effects of Mg composition on open circuit voltage of Cu2OMgxZn1xO heterojunction solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(ZnO) Cuprous oxide (Cu2O) Solar cells Electrodeposition MOCVD (metal-organic chemical vapor solar cells, where Ag and FTO are used as top and bottom electrodes, respectively. An enhancement on the MgxZn1?xO (x¼10%) based solar cell. & 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Zn

Garfunkel, Eric

447

An organic hydrogel film with micron-sized pillar array for real-time and indicator-free detection of Zn2+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-time and indicator-free detection of Zn2+ is developed by embedding a fluorescent indicator 11,16-bis(phenyl)-6 in the hippocampus, amygdale, cortex gray, and olfactory bulb regions [2]. Most of Zn2+ are bound to proteins;Fluorescent microscopy is conventionally used to detect Zn2+ with the help of fluorescent indicators since

Meng, Hsin-Fei

448

Characteristics of Ga and Ag-doped ZnO-based nanowires for an ethanol gas sensor prepared by hot-walled pulsed laser deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pure ZnO and Ga (3% w/w) and Ag (3% w/w...)-doped ZnO nanowires (NWs) have been grown by use of the hot-walled pulse laser deposition technique. The doping characteristics of Ga and Ag in ZnO NWs were analyzed ...

Dawn Jeong; Kyoungwon Kim; Sung-ik Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Particle production at high baryon density in central Au+Au reactions at 11.6A GeV/c  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Semi-inclusive proton and pion distributions from central Au+Au reactions at 11.6A GeV/c have been measured. The proton rapidity distribution shows significantly increased stopping compared to lighter systems, providing strong evidence for the formation of a state of matter with baryon density substantially greater than normal nuclear matter. Unlike reactions at this energy induced by lighter heavy ions, at low mt-m0 the proton invariant spectra deviate from a single exponential shape and become flatter, while ?- spectra are found to rise faster than the ?+ spectra.

L. Ahle et al. ((E-802 Collaboration))

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Pion Interferometry in Au+Au and Cu+Cu Collisions at sqrt sNN = 62.4 and 200 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a systematic analysis of two-pion interferometry in Au+Au collisions at {radical}sNN = 62.4 GeV and Cu+Cu collisions at {radical}sNN = 62.4 and 200 GeV using the STAR detector at RHIC. The multiplicity and transverse momentum dependences of the extracted correlation lengths (radii) are studied. The scaling with charged particle multiplicity of the apparent system volume at final interaction is studied for the RHIC energy domain. The multiplicity scaling of the measured correlation radii is found to be independent of colliding system and collision energy.

STAR Collaboration; Abelev, B.I.

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

451

Fragment flow for {sup 197}Au+{sup 197}Au collisions at E/A = 100, 250 and 400 MeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information about compressed high density nuclear matter can be obtained by studying collective flow exhibited by particles emitted in heavy ion induced reactions. Charged particles have been measured in 4{pi} coverage for {sup 197}Au + {sup 197}Au collisions at E/A = 100, 250 and 400 MeV using the Miniball/Wall, the Catania Silicon-CsI array and the Aladin Spectrometer. Collective observables such as transverse sideward flow, radial flow and squeezeout will be discussed and the measured values will be compared to transport models.

Tsang, M.B.; Danielewicz, P.; Hsi, W.C. [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Surface complexation and precipitate geometry for aqueous Zn(II) sorption on ferrihydrite I: X-ray absorption extended fine structure spectroscopy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two-line ferrihydrite samples precipitated and then exposed to a range of aqueous Zn solutions (10?5 to 10?3 M), and also coprecipitated in similar Zn solutions (pH 6.5), have been examined by Zn and Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Typical Zn complexes on the surface have Zn-O distances of 1.97(.02) and coordination numbers of about 4.0(0.5), consistent with tetrahedral oxygen coordination. This contrasts with Zn-O distances of 2.11(.02) and coordination numbers of 6 to 7 in the aqueous Zn solutions used in sample preparation. X-ray absorption extended fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) fits to the second shell of cation neighbors indicate as many as 4 Zn-Fe neighbors at 3.44(.04) in coprecipitated samples, and about two Zn-Fe neighbors at the same distance in adsorption samples. In both sets of samples, the fitted coordination number of second shell cations decreases as sorption density increases, indicating changes in the number and type of available complexing sites or the onset of competitive precipitation processes. Comparison of our results with the possible geometries for surface complexes and precipitates suggests that the Zn sorption complexes are inner sphere and at lowest adsorption densities are bidentate, sharing apical oxygens with adjacent edge-sharing Fe(O,OH)6 octahedra. Coprecipitation samples have complexes with similar geometry, but these are polydentate, sharing apices with more than two adjacent edge-sharing Fe(O,OH)6 polyhedra. The results are inconsistent with Zn entering the ferrihydrite structure (i.e., solid solution formation) or formation of other Zn-Fe precipitates. The fitted Zn-Fe coordination numbers drop with increasing Zn density with a minimum of about 0.8(.2) at Zn/(Zn + Fe) of 0.08 or more. This change appears to be attributable to the onset of precipitation of zinc hydroxide polymers with mainly tetrahedral Zn coordination. At the highest loadings studied, the nature of the complexes changes further, and a second type of precipitate forms. This has a structure based on a brucite layer topology, with mainly octahedral Zn coordination. Amorphous zinc hydroxide samples prepared for comparison had a closely similar local structure. Analysis of the Fe K-edge EXAFS is consistent with surface complexation reactions and surface precipitation at high Zn loadings with little or no Fe-Zn solid solution formation. The formation of Zn-containing precipitates at solution conditions two or more orders of magnitude below their solubility limit is compared with other sorption and spectroscopic studies that describe similar behavior.

G.A Waychunas; C.C Fuller; J.A Davis

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C5, supplgment au n '10, Tome 42, octobre 1981 page C5-1019  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1019 PSEUDOELASTIC BEHAVIOR OF COIL SPRING MADE OF A HIGH-DAMPING Cu-Zn-A1 ALLOY K . Sugimoto, Y. Nakamura and L. ~ e

Boyer, Edmond

454

Microwave-assisted synthesis of CuO/ZnO and CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 precursors using urea hydrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Binary CuO/ZnO and ternary CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts have been rapidly synthesized in a multimode microwave oven by the homogeneous precipitation of aurichalcite and hydrotalcite-like precursors using urea hydrolysis. For purposes of comparison, the same catalysts were prepared under conventional heating. The corresponding metal nitrates were mixed with various amounts of urea to yield different urea/(?M+) molar ratios. The precipitation proceeded stepwise, copper being the first metal to be hydrolyzed. It was found that the higher the urea content, the higher the alkalinization of the solution, an effect which favored the precipitation of Zn (II) (the most pH dependent metal), and in turn, the synthesis of aurichalcite and hydrotalcite-like precursors. Microwave-synthesized catalysts presented similar characteristics to those obtained under conventional heating, but in considerably reduced aging times. Microwave radiation proved to be more efficient than conventional heating under harsh conditions of precipitation, i.e., lower molar ratios of urea with respect to the metal cations in the solution.

Y. Fernndez; J.A. Menndez; A. Arenillas; E. Fuente; J.H. Peng; Z.B. Zhang; W. Li; Z.Y. Zhang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Interfacial oxygen under TiO{sub 2} supported Au clusters revealed by a genetic algorithm search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a density functional theory study of the oxidation of 1D periodic rods supported along the [001] direction on the rutile TiO{sub 2}(110) surface. The study shows evidence for an oxidation of the interface between the supported Au and the TiO{sub 2} crystal. The added O atoms adsorb at the 5f-Ti atoms in the through under the Au rod and are stabilized by charge transfer from the nearest Au atoms. Despite an extensive search, we find no low energy barrier pathways for CO oxidation involving CO adsorbed on Au and O at the perimeter of the Au/TiO{sub 2} interface. This is in part attributed the weak adsorption of CO on cationic Au at the perimeter.

Vilhelmsen, Lasse B.; Hammer, Bjrk, E-mail: hammer@phys.au.dk [Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)] [Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

456

Effect of Alumina and Titania on the Oxidation of CO over Au Nanoparticles Evaluted by 13C Isotopic Transient Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Titania- and alumina-supported Au nanoparticles were synthesized by a deposition-precipitation method and subsequent thermal treatment in He. X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Au-L{sub III} edge revealed that the as-prepared Au/TiO{sub 2} sample contained cationic Au that was reduced to a predominately metallic state after treatment in He at 623 K. Scanning transmission electron microscopy showed the Au to be highly dispersed over both the metal oxides, with an average particle size of 3.3 nm for Au/TiO{sub 2} and 2.5 nm for Au/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The global rate, apparent activation energy, and orders of reaction with respect to CO and O{sub 2} of CO oxidation were different for the two metal oxide-supported samples. Steady-state isotopic transient kinetic analysis was used to explore the intrinsic turnover frequency (TOF{sub intr}) and coverage of active carbon-containing intermediates ({theta}{sub COx}) that led to carbon dioxide during CO oxidation. After correcting for CO{sub 2} readsorption, the TOF{sub intr} was found to be independent of temperature, approximately 3.4 s{sup -1} for Au/TiO{sub 2} (261-303 K) and 2.1 s{sup -1} for Au/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (272-343 K). At 293 K, the coverage of active carbon-containing intermediates was greater over Au/TiO{sub 2} than over Au/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The higher coverage of species-forming product on Au/TiO{sub 2} is attributed to the greater availability of active surface oxygen on a titania catalyst compared with an alumina catalyst.

Calla,J.; Bore, M.; Datye, A.; Davis, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Energy level alignment of polythiophene/ZnO hybrid solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy level alignment of polythiophene/ZnO hybrid solar cells W. Feng,a S. Rangan,b Y. Cao,c E between energy level alignment and photovoltaic properties of a model bilayer hybrid solar cell. Galoppini,c R. A. Bartynskib and E. Garfunkel*ab Energy level alignment at interfaces is critical

Garfunkel, Eric

458

Resonance transitions of Zn-like ions from the multiconfiguration relativistic random-phase approximation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Excitation energies and oscillator strengths from the 1S0 ground state to the first 1P1 and 3P1 excited states of Zn-like ions are calculated by using the multiconfiguration relativistic random-phase approximation. Results are compared with those from other theories and with experiment. Predicted values for highly stripped ions are listed.

Te-Chun Cheng and Keh-Ning Huang

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Growth of anisotropic one-dimensional ZnS nanostructures{ Daniel Moore and Zhong L. Wang*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the most stable structure for CdS and CdSe and the other II­VI School of Materials Science and Engineering, and nano- combs.7,10,16­26 Recently, ZnS nanobelts have been doped with manganese for possible application

Wang, Zhong L.

460

Chemical bath deposition of CdS thin films doped with Zn and Cu  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Zn- and Cu-doped CdS thin films were deposited onto glass substrates...2 and CuCl2...were incorporated as dopant agents into the conventional CdS chemical bath in order to promote the CdS doping process. The effe...

A I OLIVA; J E CORONA; R PATIO; A I OLIVA-AVILS

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Narrow band defect luminescence from Al-doped ZnO probed by scanning tunneling cathodoluminescence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute of Physics. Related Articles Effect of CdS film thickness on the photoexcited carrier lifetime of TiO2/CdS core-shell nanowires Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 153111 (2011) Current underestimationNarrow band defect luminescence from Al-doped ZnO probed by scanning tunneling cathodoluminescence

Russell, Kasey

462

Scalable production of microbially-mediated ZnS nanoparticles and application to functional thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of semiconducting zinc sulfide (ZnS) nanoparticles were scalably, reproducibly, controllably, and economically synthesized with anaerobic metal-reducing Thermoanaerobacter species. They reduced partially oxidized sulfur sources to sulfides that extracellularly and thermodynamically incorporated with zinc ions to produce sparingly soluble ZnS nanoparticles with ~5 nm crystallites at yields of ~5 g l 1 month 1. A predominant sphalerite formation was facilitated by rapid precipitation kinetics, low cation/anion ratio, higher zinc concentration, water stabilization, or some combination of the four. The sphalerite ZnS nanoparticles exhibited narrow size distribution, high emission intensity, and few native defects. Scale-up and emission tunability using copper-doping were confirmed spectroscopically. Surface characterization was determined using Fourier transform infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies, which confirmed amine and carboxylic acid not only maintaining a nano-dimensional average crystallite size, but also increasing aggregation. Application of ZnS nanoparticle ink to a functional thin film was successfully tested for potential future applications.

Moon, Ji Won [ORNL; Ivanov, Ilia N [ORNL; Joshi, Pooran C [ORNL; Armstrong, Beth L [ORNL; Wang, Wei [ORNL; Jung, Hyunsung [ORNL; Rondinone, Adam Justin [ORNL; Jellison Jr, Gerald Earle [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL; Jang, Gyoung Gug [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Meisner, Roberta [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Duty, Chad E [ORNL; Phelps, Tommy Joe [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Study of hydrogen and carbon monoxide adsorption on modified Zn/Cr catalysts by adsorption calorimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differential heat of adsorption (q) of hydrogen (a) and carbon monoxide (b) as a function of the adsorbed amount (a) on Zn/Cr catalysts at 463/sup 0/K; 1) unpromoted catalyst, 2) catalyst promoted with 2.5% of K/sub 2/O.

Yoshin, S.V.; Klyacho, A.L.; Kondrat'ev, L.T.; Leonov, V.E.; Skripchenko, G.B.; Sushchaya, L.E.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Fabrication of inverted opal ZnO photonic crystals by atomic layer deposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fabrication of inverted opal ZnO photonic crystals by atomic layer deposition M. Scharrer, X. Wu, A method to fabricate so-called "inverted opal" structures which have the long-range order, high filling into opal or inverted opal backbones.3,5,13,14 Recently, atomic layer deposition ALD has been pro- posed

Cao, Hui

465

Electrical and optical properties of p-type ZnO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ZnO has ideal qualities for bright, efficient UV light emitting diodes and laser diodes, based on pn junctions. However, while high quality n-type ZnO has been available for many years, the development of good p-type material is a much more recent phenomenon. The most successful acceptor dopants have been the group V elements, N, P and As; N substitutes on the O site, but the exact structures of the P and As acceptors have not yet been established. Resistivities as low as 0.4 ? cm have been measured, and some UV heterojunction and homojunction LEDs have been fabricated. Optical fingerprints of p-type ZnO often include a photoluminescence line at 3.31 eV, and strong donor-bound exciton lines at 3.357 and 3.367 eV, both of which are well known from previous studies of n-type ZnO.

David C Look

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Current-scattered (?) detrital remanence directions in the Zn-rich Pennsylvanian Stark black shale, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......thermal analyses, however, the oil was not completely removed because...surface water in Zn, V and other heavy minerals that were subsequently...Pennsylvanian black shales of Missouri and Kansas, Econ. Geol...2004. Paleozoic Succession in Missouri, Part 5-Pennsylvanian Subsystem......

K. Kawasaki; D. T. A. Symons; R. M. Coveney; Jr.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Mn, Fe, Zn and As speciation in a fast-growing ferromanganese marine nodule  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The speciation of Mn, Fe, As and Zn in a fast-growing (0.02mm/yr), shallow-marine ferromanganese nodule has been examined by micro X-ray fluorescence, micro X-ray diffraction, and micro X-ray absorption spectroscopy. This nodule exhibits alternating Fe-rich and Mn-rich layers reflecting redox variations in water chemistry. Fe occurs as two-line ferrihydrite. The As is strictly associated with Fe and is mostly pentavalent, with an environment similar to that of As sorbed on or coprecipitated with synthetic ferrihydrite. The Mn is in the form of turbostratic birnessite with {approx} 10 percent trivalent manganese in the layers and probably {approx} 8 percent corner-sharing metal octahedra in the interlayers. The Zn is enriched on the rim of the nodule, associated with Mn. The Zn is completely (>90 percent) tetrahedrally coordinated and sorbed in the interlayers of birnessite on vacant layer Mn sites. The Zn and Mn species are similar to ones found in soils, suggesting common structural principles, despite the differing formation conditions in these systems.

Marcus, Matthew A.; Manceau, Alain; Kersten, Michael

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Fabrication of ZnO nanorod using spray-pyrolysis and chemical bath deposition method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ZnO thin films with nanorod structure were deposited using Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis method for seed growth, and Chemical Bath Deposition (CBD) for nanorod growth. High purity Zn-hydrate and Urea are used to control Ph were dissolved in ethanol and aqua bidest in Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis process. Glass substrate was placed above the heater plate of reaction chamber, and subsequently sprayed with the range duration of 5, 10 and 20 minutes at the temperatures of 3500 C. As for the Chemical Bath Deposition, the glass substrate with ZnO seed on the surface was immerse to Zn-hydrate, HMTA (Hexa Methylene Tetra Amine) and deionized water solution for duration of 3, 5 and 7 hour and temperatures of 600 C, washed in distilled water, dried, and annealed at 3500 C for an hour. The characterization of samples was carried out to reveal the surface morphology using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). From the data, the combination of 5 minutes of Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis process and 3 hour of CBD has showed the best structure of nanorod. Meanwhile the longer Spraying process and CBD yield the bigger nanorod structure that have been made, and it makes the films more dense which make the nanorod collide each other and as a result produce unsymetric nanorod structure.

Ramadhani, Muhammad F., E-mail: brian@tf.itb.ac.id; Pasaribu, Maruli A. H., E-mail: brian@tf.itb.ac.id; Yuliarto, Brian, E-mail: brian@tf.itb.ac.id; Nugraha, E-mail: brian@tf.itb.ac.id [Advanced Functional Materials Laboratory, Engineering Physics Department Faculty of Industrial Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

469

Acceptors in ZnO nanocrystals: A reinterpretation W. Gehlhoff and A. Hoffmann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al. reported on the identification of an uncompensated acceptor in ZnO nanocrystals using infrared and valence band splitting. VC 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4773524] Bulk. Recently, Teklemichael, Hlaing Oo, McCluskey et al.5 (THC) reported on the identification

Nabben, Reinhard

470

Nondestructive In Situ Identification of Crystal Orientation of Anisotropic ZnO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nondestructive In Situ Identification of Crystal Orientation of Anisotropic ZnO Nanostructures to their unique mechanical, electrical, and optical proper- ties compared to their bulk counterparts.1 4 Important, a fast, unambiguous, and nondestructive technique for identification of the crystalline orientation

Wang, Zhong L.

471

Rapid degradation of CdSe/ZnS colloidal quantum dots exposed to gamma irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on irradiation dose. CdSe/ZnS quantum dots show poor radiation hardness, and severely degrade after less than 20 of light sources to ionizing radiation, it is important to know the levels of irradiation that would de of applica- tions ranging from optoelectronic through photocatalytic to biomedical, including applications

New Mexico, University of

472

CO2 gas sensing properties of DC reactive magnetron sputtered ZnO thin film  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nanostructured ZnO thin films were deposited on glass substrates using a DC reactive magnetron sputtering technique. Thin films of three different thicknesses viz 40, 100 and 300nm were prepared and subsequently annealed at 450C. The structural, topographical, and optical characteristics of all the three annealed films were studied using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) UVvisible and photoluminescence spectrophotometers. The carbon dioxide (CO2) gas sensing behavior of these films was investigated in detail in the concentration range of 50010,000ppm. The sensing performance was optimized with respect to the ZnO film thickness as well as the operating temperature. ZnO film with 40nm thickness showed better response characteristics at the operating temperature of 300C than that of thicker ZnO films. A maximum sensitivity (%) of 1.13 with a response and recovery time of 20s was observed towards 1000ppm of CO2.

Padmanathan Karthick Kannan; Ramiah Saraswathi; John Bosco Balaguru Rayappan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Supporting Information Oligo-and Poly-thiophene/ZnO Hybrid Nanowire Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Supporting Information Oligo- and Poly-thiophene/ZnO Hybrid Nanowire Solar Cells Alejandro L with 1M HCl. The ether was evaporated to yield crude product that was purified by column chromatography and the organic phase washed with 1M HCl. The #12;2 dichloromethane was removed under reduced pressure to yield

Yang, Peidong

474

The electrochemical lithium reactions of monoclinic ZnP2 material{{ Haesuk Hwang,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electrochemical lithium reactions of monoclinic ZnP2 material{{ Haesuk Hwang,a Min Gyu Kim was developed, and out to 545 mAh g21 , only topotactic lithium ion intercalation into the molecule pores was observed. The excess Li ion uptake beyond simple Li intercalation (.545 mAh g21 ) into molecular pores can

Cho, Jaephil

475

Hierarchically Structured ZnO Nanorods-Nanosheets for Improved Quantum-Dot-Sensitized Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). This hierarchical structure had two advantages in improving the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the solar cells. INTRODUCTION The establishment of low-cost and high-performance solar cells for sustainable energy sourcesHierarchically Structured ZnO Nanorods-Nanosheets for Improved Quantum-Dot-Sensitized Solar Cells

Cao, Guozhong

476

Factors Affecting Ni and Zn Hydroxide Precipitate Formation in Soils. (S02-peltier222185-oral)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors Affecting Ni and Zn Hydroxide Precipitate Formation in Soils. (S02-peltier222185-oral) Authors: E.F. Peltier* - Univ. of Delaware D.L. Sparks - Univ. of Delaware Abstract: The formation matter in the soil. Speaker Information: Edward Peltier, Univ. of Delaware, Dept. of Plant and Soil

Sparks, Donald L.

477

Hydrogen at zinc vacancy of ZnO: An EPR and ESEEM study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrum, labeled S1, with small-splitting doublet accompanied by weak satellites is observed in ZnO irradiated with 2 MeV electrons. The obtained structure is shown to be the hyperfine structure due to the dipolar interaction between an unpaired electron spin and a nuclear spin of hydrogen (H). The observation of the nuclear Zeeman frequency of H in electron spin echo envelope modulation experiments further confirmed the presence of a hydrogen atom in S1. From the observed spin-Hamiltonian parameters, S1 is identified to be the partly H-passivated Zn vacancy, V{sub Zn}{sup ?}H{sup +}, with the H{sup +} ion making a short O-H bond with only one nearest O neighbor of V{sub Zn} in the basal plane, being off the substitutional site, while the unpaired electron spin, which gives rise to the observed EPR signal, is localized on the p orbital of another O neighbor also in the basal plane.

Son, N. T.; Ivanov, I. G.; Janzn, E. [Department Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linkping University, SE-58183 Linkping (Sweden); Isoya, J. [Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8550 (Japan); Ohshima, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Takasaki, Gunma 370-1292 (Japan)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

478

Aqueous synthesis and characterization of CdSe/ZnO core-shell nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Core-shell nanomaterials based on CdSe as the core and ZnO as the shell were prepared using an aqueous route involving the use of Cd salt and NaBH4 in reaction with Se to generate CdSe in the presence of thioglycerol (TG) as a stabilizer. ...

B. P. Rakgalakane; M. J. Moloto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Microwave accelerated one-minute synthesis of luminescent ZnO quantum dots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present microwave assisted non-aqueous synthesis of ZnO quantum dots (QDs) by hydrolyzing zinc acetate with lithium hydroxide in ethanol under microwave heating. The processing time for QDs was reduced to few minutes when compared with time consuming solgel chemistry. The prepared QDs show good colloidal stability along with stable visible emission.

Adersh Asok; A. R. Kulkarni; Mayuri N. Gandhi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Short communication Measuring the aspect ratios of ZnO nanobelts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

^ 15 nm for ZnO at 200 kV. The thicknesses of the thinner nanobelts are then determined by EELS using in that they are almost void of dislocations and other line-defects, making them important for electronic and shape (Wang, 1999). The width of the nanobelts can be precisely determined by transmission electron

Wang, Zhong L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "au rg zn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Bandgap engineering of CdxZn1xTe nanowires Keivan Davami,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

junction. These structures have been used in solar cells2,3 and eld effect transistors.4 Alloy nanowires device fabrication. Alloy nano- wires in various systems have been used to construct solar cells into a furnace. In a set of trial experiments, ZnTe (99.99% Aldrich) and CdTe (99.99% Aldrich) source powders

Cuniberti, Gianaurelio

482

Crystallographic Orientation-Aligned ZnO Nanorods Grown by a Tin Catalyst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, has a wide range of applications in solar cells,1 sensors,2-4 optoelectronic devices, and surface a horizontal tube furnace, a rotary pump system, and a gas supply system. A mixture of commercial ZnO, SnO2). The entire length of the tube furnace is 50 cm. The desired nanostruc- tures were deposited onto an alumina

Wang, Zhong L.

483

Interpenetrative and transverse growth process of self-catalyzed ZnO nanorods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for short-wavelength optoelectronics [1] and transparent con- ducting windows for solar cells [2 evaporation process in a horizontal tube furnace. Commercial grade ZnO powder was place in the center of a single zone tube furnace and evacuated for several hours to purge oxygen in the chamber. Polycrystalline

Wang, Zhong L.

484

Microstructure and nanohardness distribution in a polycrystalline Zn deformed by high strain rate impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Munitions, 7 route de Guerry, 18023 Bourges Cedex, France c Department of Materials Physics, Eötvös Loránd grain size of 20 m surrounded by a fine-grained rim with an average grain size of 6 m. Transmission in high purity polycrystal- line Zn. The evolution of the microstructure due to the impact loading

Gubicza, Jenõ

485

E-Print Network 3.0 - aleaciones cu-zn-al estabilidad Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

C2, suppl6mentau Journal de Physique 111,Volume 5, f6vrier 1995 Summary: The shape memory alloys which are industrially used are based upon NiTi, CuZnAl and CuAlNi to which...

486

Cu2ZnSnS4 nanocrystals and graphene quantum dots for photovoltaics Xukai Xinab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cu2ZnSnS4 nanocrystals and graphene quantum dots for photovoltaics Jun Wang,a Xukai Xinab advances in the synthesis and utilization of CZTS nanocrystals and colloidal GQDs for photovoltaics emerged to achieve low cost, high perfor- mance photovoltaics, including organic solar cells,2­6 dye

Lin, Zhiqun

487

Etude des collisions d'ions lourds au LHC avec le spectromtre muons du dtecteur ALICE.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Le spectromtre muons du dtecteur ALICE, install au LHC, est ddi la mesure des quarkonia (J/psi et upsilon) et des saveurs lourdes ouvertes (more)

Barret-Ramillien, V.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

USING BALD EAGLES TO MONITOR HYDROELECTRIC PROJECTS LISCENSE REQUIREMENTS ALONG THE AU SABLE, MANISTEE AND MUSKEGON RIVER, MICHIGAN.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Consumers Energy operated hydroelectric projects located along the Au Sable, Manistee, and Muskegon Rivers underwent environmental studies in the late 1980s and early 1990s as (more)

Datema, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

On the Dissociation of Molecular Hydrogen by Au Supported on Transition Metal Carbides: Choice of the Most Active Support  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A systematic density functional study of the adsorption and dissociation of H{sub 2} on the clean (001) surface of various transition metal carbides (TMCs; TM = Ti, Zr, V, Mo) and on Au{sub 4} nanoclusters supported on these TMCs is presented. It is found that the H{sub 2} dissociation on the bare clean TMCs strongly depends on the chemical nature of the support. Thus, the H{sub 2} molecule interacts rather strongly with TiC(001) and ZrC(001) but very weakly with VC(001) and {delta}-MoC(001). For the supported Au{sub 4} cluster, two different types of molecular mechanisms are found. For Au{sub 4}/TiC(001) and Au{sub 4}/ZrC(001), H{sub 2} dissociation leads to a H atom directly interacting with the Au{sub 4} cluster while the second H atom is transferred to the support. In contrast, for Au{sub 4}/VC(001) and Au{sub 4}/{delta}-MoC(001), both H atoms interact with the Au{sub 4} cluster. Overall, the present study suggests that, among the systems studied, Au/ZrC is the best substrate for H{sub 2} dissociation.

Rodriguez, J.A.; Florez, E.; Gomez, T.; Illas, F.

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Detailed characterization of Mo/Au TES microcalorimeters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We are optimizing Mo/Au transition-edge-sensor (TES) calorimeters to meet the specifications of NASAs Constellation-X mission. Our calorimeters have already demonstrated very good energy resolution of X rays (2.4 eV at 1.5 keV). We wish to further improve the energy resolution by reducing excess noise in the calorimeters. Development of a detailed model and understanding of the noise is instrumental to reaching this goal. Towards that end we employ a linear model that describes the response of a calorimeter to signal and various sources of noise. The model is based on detailed measurements of the parameters that affect the calorimeters performance such as current-voltage characteristics of the TES thermal conductance of our silicon-nitride membranes and inductance in the electronic circuit used to bias the TES. We determine the sharpness of the superconducting phase transition by fitting the model to the measured responsivity of the calorimeter. The model relates sources of noise such as phonon noise Johnson noise and hypothetical sources of excess noise to measurements of noise in the TES. Based on this analysis we find that the excess noise is consistent with frequency-independent voltage noise in the TES

Mark A. Lindeman; Regis P. Brekosky; Enectali Figueroa-Feliciano; Fred M. Finkbeiner; Mary Li; Caroline K. Stahle; Carl M. Stahle; Nilesh Tralshawala

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Probing the equation of state in Au+Au at 11 GeV/nucleon with (3+1)-dimensional hydrodynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of (i) the phase transition between a quark gluon plasma (QGP) and a hadron gas and (ii) the number of resonance degrees of freedom in the hadronic phase on the single inclusive distributions of 16 different types of produced hadrons for Au+Au collisions at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchroton (AGS) energies is studied. We have used an exact numerical solution of the relativistic hydrodynamical equations {ital without free parameters} which, because of its (3+1)-dimensional character, constitutes a considerable improvement over the classical Landau solution. We assume chemical equilibration and we use two different equations of state (EOS): one describing a phase transition from QGP to the hadronic phase and two versions of a purely hadronic EOS; we find that the first one gives an overall better description of the Au+Au experimental data at AGS energies. We reproduce and analyze measured meson and proton spectra and also make predictions for antiprotons, deltas, antideltas, and hyperons. The low m{sub t} enhancement in {pi}{sup {minus}} spectra is explained by baryon number conservation and strangeness equilibration. The sensitivity of various production channels to the EOS is analyzed. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Arbex, N.; Ornik, U.; Pluemer, M.; Weiner, R.M. [Physics Department, University of Marburg, Marburg (Germany)] [Physics Department, University of Marburg, Marburg (Germany); [Soultek Internet Service, Marburg (Germany)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Thermal stability and adhesion of low-emissivity electroplated Au coatings.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are developing a low-emissivity thermal management coating system to minimize radiative heat losses under a high-vacuum environment. Good adhesion, low outgassing, and good thermal stability of the coating material are essential elements for a long-life, reliable thermal management device. The system of electroplated Au coating on the adhesion-enhancing Wood's Ni strike and 304L substrate was selected due to its low emissivity and low surface chemical reactivity. The physical and chemical properties, interface bonding, thermal aging, and compatibility of the above Au/Ni/304L system were examined extensively. The study shows that the as-plated electroplated Au and Ni samples contain submicron columnar grains, stringers of nanopores, and/or H{sub 2} gas bubbles, as expected. The grain structure of Au and Ni are thermally stable up to 250 C for 63 days. The interface bonding is strong, which can be attributed to good mechanical locking among the Au, the 304L, and the porous Ni strike. However, thermal instability of the nanopore structure (i.e., pore coalescence and coarsening due to vacancy and/or entrapped gaseous phase diffusion) and Ni diffusion were observed. In addition, the study also found that prebaking 304L in the furnace at {ge} 1 x 10{sup -4} Torr promotes surface Cr-oxides on the 304L surface, which reduces the effectiveness of the intended H-removal. The extent of the pore coalescence and coarsening and their effect on the long-term system integrity and outgassing are yet to be understood. Mitigating system outgassing and improving Au adhesion require a further understanding of the process-structure-system performance relationships within the electroplated Au/Ni/304L system.

Jorenby, Jeff W.; Hachman, John T., Jr.; Yang, Nancy Y. C.; Chames, Jeffrey M.; Clift, W. Miles

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Cu/Zn-based catalysts improved by adding magnesium for watergas shift reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ternary Cu/MeO/ZnO (Me: alkaline-earth metal, Mg, Ca, Sr and Ba) catalysts were prepared by homogeneous precipitation (hp) using urea hydrolysis. The structure and the activity for the watergas shift reaction of these catalysts were studied compared with those of the catalysts prepared by coprecipitation (cp). The highest activity was obtained over hp-Cu/MgO/ZnO among the catalysts tested. The catalyst precursors after the precipitation contained mainly aurichalcite, (Cu,Zn)5(CO3)2(OH)16, while the decomposed products after the calcination contained apparently CuO and ZnO as crystalline phases, since the amount of Mg actually included in the catalyst was less than 1.0at.%. The Cu metal surface area was larger and the particle size of Cu metal was smaller on the hp-catalysts than those on the cp-catalysts; nonetheless the BET surface area was sometimes larger on the latter than on the former. The addition of ?0.1at.% of Mg was the most effective, resulting in the highest activity as well as the lowest activation energy. A good correlation was observed between the amount of Cu+ species and the activation energy of the shift reaction, suggesting that MgO significantly enhanced the formation of Cu+ species as the active sites. Even after the pre-reduction at the high temperature, 250C, hp-Cu/MgO/ZnO catalyst showed no significant decrease in the activity as well as no detectable sintering in the Cu metal particles during 50h of the reaction. It was supposed that the shift reaction proceeds by a reductionoxidation mechanism between Cu0?Cu+.

Tetsuya Shishido; Manabu Yamamoto; Ikuo Atake; Dalin Li; Yan Tian; Hiroyuki Morioka; Masahide Honda; Tsuneji Sano; Katsuomi Takehira

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Simulations of phase transitions in Rb2ZnCl4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural relaxations, molecular-dynamics simulations, and lattice-dynamics calculations were performed to study the phase transitions in Rb2ZnCl4, using intermolecular and intramolecular potentials generated from ab initio quantum-chemistry calculations for the whole molecular ion ZnCl42-. Compared with an earlier treatment of the system by a polarizable-ion model, the present approach emphasizes the static effect of the electron covalency within the molecular ions that affects strongly both the intermolecular and intramolecular interactions. The calculations gave a close agreement with experiment on the static structures of the Pnam and the Pna21 phases and the transition temperature from the former to the latter. For the lower-temperature, monoclinic phase of Rb2ZnCl4, the detailed structure of which is unknown, our simulations predict a structure with C1c1 space-group symmetry, which doubles the Pna21 structure along both the b and c axes and thus has 48 formula units per unit cell. The lattice-dynamics calculations for the Pna21 structure clearly revealed the lattice instability responsible for the Pna21-monoclinic transition and provided a more convincing explanation of a previous Raman measurement. We have shown that the potential-energy surface in Rb2ZnCl4 pertinent to the phase transitions contains a double-well structure, very similar to that of K2SeO4, except that the double well is much deeper, causing the much more severe disordering in the Pnam structure of Rb2ZnCl4 observed experimentally.

H. M. Lu and J. R. Hardy

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Acceptor formation mechanisms determination from electrical and optical properties of p-type ZnO doped with lithium and nitrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A lithium (Li) and nitrogen (N) dual-doped p-type ZnO film (ZnO?:?(Li,N)) was deposited on c-plane sapphire by RF-magnetron sputtering of Zn2?at.% Li alloy using mixed gases of oxygen and nitrogen and then annealing in N2 flow. It has a carrier concentration of 3.07 ? 1016?cm?3 and Hall mobility of 1.74?cm2?V?1?s?1. XPS measurement shows that there are LiZnN complexes in the p-type ZnO?:?(Li,N), which are demonstrated by photoluminescence measured at various temperatures and different excitation powers to be acceptors and responsible for p-type conductivity of the ZnO?:?(Li,N). The optical level of the LiZnN complex acceptor is estimated to be about 126?meV by measurement of emission energy of free electron to the acceptor level.

X H Wang; B Yao; Z P Wei; D Z Sheng; Z Z Zhang; B H Li; Y M Lu; D X Zhao; J Y Zhang; X W Fan; L X Guan; C X Cong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in a II-VI Diluted Magnetic Semiconductor Zn1-xCrxTe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic and magneto-optical properties of a Cr-doped II-VI semiconductor ZnTe were investigated. Magnetic circular dichroism measurements showed a strong interaction between the sp carriers and localized d spins, indicating that Zn1-xCrxTe is a diluted magnetic semiconductor. The Curie temperature of the film with x=0.20 was estimated to be 30010???K, which is the highest value ever reported for a diluted magnetic semiconductor in which sp-d interactions were confirmed. In spite of its high Curie temperature, Zn1-xCrxTe film shows semiconducting electrical transport properties.

H. Saito; V. Zayets; S. Yamagata; K. Ando

2003-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

497

Zn-Doping Dependence of Stripe Order in La1.905Ba0.095CuO4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of Zn-doping on the stripe order in La{sub 1.905}Ba{sub 0.095}CuO{sub 4}