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1

FEEDING ORIENTED MOVEMENTS OF THE ATHERINID FISH PRANESUS PINGUIS AT MAJURO ATOLL, MARSHALL ISLANDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEEDING ORIENTED MOVEMENTS OF THE ATHERINID FISH PRANESUS PINGUIS AT MAJURO ATOLL, MARSHALL ISLANDS was studied in the lagoon at Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, during March 1972. During the day, individuals' 06' oe' 10' 12' 14' 16' Ie' 20' 22' 24' FIGURE I.-Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, showing Arniel

2

Radiologoical Conditions on Rongelap Atoll: Recommendations for Visiting and Food Gathering on the Norhtern Islands of Rongelap Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rongelap Atoll experienced close-in or local fallout from the U.S. nuclear test program conducted in the northern Marshall Islands between 1946 and 1958. By all internationally agreed scientific criteria, Rongelap Island is considered safe for permanent resettlement. However, the amount of bomb-related radioactivity in soil and vegetation is, on average, about 5 times greater in the northern islands of the atoll because the centerline of the fallout pattern from the 1954 thermonuclear ''Bravo'' test extended over this part of the atoll. The most important radioactive element remaining on the atoll is radioactive cesium (cesium-137). Cesium-137 emits what is called a ''gamma ray'' that can penetrate the body and deliver both an external (outside the body) and internal (from inside the body) gamma dose to inhabitants of Rongelap Atoll. Cesium-137 is taken up from the soil into locally grown foodstuffs such as coconut, Pandanus and breadfruit. Significant quantities of cesium-137 may also be found in coconut crab. The internal dose delivered to people eating these products will be directly proportional to the concentration of cesium-137 in the food and the amount consumed. The external gamma dose will depend on the concentration of cesium-137 in the soil and the amount of time spent in the area. The highest concentration of cesium-137 in surface soils of the northern islands of Rongelap Atoll is about equivalent to that measured on Bikini Island. Under the radiation protection criteria adopted by the Republic of the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal, permanent resettlement of these islands would require intervention because of the higher radiation doses that could potentially be delivered to inhabitants living on a diet derived largely from local foods. A more realistic lifestyle scenario is that the resettled population on Rongelap Island will occasionally visit the northern part of the atoll for food gathering, fishing and other recreational activities. It is estimated that a person spending 8 hours (1 work day) in the interior of the Rongelap Atoll northern islands will receive a maximum additional external dose of around 0.1-0.2 mrem per day. Furthermore, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's environmental monitoring continues to show that the marine environment contains very low levels of bomb radioactivity. Similarly, the occasional consumption of terrestrial foods including coconut crab from the northern islands is not expected to add significantly to the radiological health risk of living on Rongelap Island. The average annual effective ingestion dose for Rongelap Island resettlement in 2002 is estimated to be around 1-2 mrem per year when imported foods are made available and proposed remediation efforts take effect. This estimate is about twice that of the Rongelap Island resettlement worker population using direct measurements from the whole body counting program. Resettlement workers presently living on the islands receive an average internal dose from cesium-137 of less than 1 mrem (0.01 mSv) per year. These workers are known to eat locally grown foods and coconut crabs collected from the northern islands. The highest individual dose observed was 4 mrem (0.04 mSv) per year. Under the guidelines adopted by the Republic of the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal, it is concluded that diving, fishing and visiting any northern island of Rongelap Atoll are safe activities for limited periods. Eating local fish and other marine life such as clams would also be considered safe. Consumption of plant foods from the northern islands of Rongelap Atoll depends on successful implementation of specific remediation measures to ensure dietary intakes of cesium-137 remain at or below levels considered safe. The whole body counting program should continue to monitor the actual internal levels of cesium-137 among people eating plants and coconut crabs gathered from the northern islands of Rongelap Atoll islands until such time that the Nuclear Claims Tribunal guidelines are met.

Hamliton, T F

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Aerial radiological and photographic survey of eleven atolls and two islands within the Northern Marshall Islands. Dates of surveys, July-November 1978  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An aerial radiological survey was conducted over eleven atolls and two islands within the northern Marshall Islands between September and November 1978. This survey was part of a comprehensive radiological survey, which included extensive terrestrial and marine sampling, to determine possible residual contamination which might remain as a result of the United States nuclear testing program conducted at Bikini Enewetak Atolls between 1946 and 1958. A similar survey was conducted at Enewetak Atoll in 1972. The present survey covered those atolls known to have received direct fallout from the Bravo event, conducted in March 1954 at Bikini Atoll. These included Bikini, Rongelap, Rongerik, Ailinginae, Bikar, Taka, and Utirik Atolls. In addition, several atolls and islands which might have been at the fringes of the Bravo fallout were also surveyed, including Likiep and Ailuk Atolls, Jemo and Mejit Islands, and Wotho Atoll. Ujelang Atoll, which lies approximately 200 km southwest of Enewetak, was also surveyed. Island-averaged terrestrial exposure rates in the range of 30 to 50 ..mu..R/h were observed over parts of Bikini Atoll, including Bikini Island, and over the northern part of Rongelap Atoll. Levels over southern Rongelap and over Rongerik Atoll ranged from 4 to 7 ..mu..R/h. Levels were somewhat lower at Ailinginae Atoll (approximately 2 ..mu..R/h) and at Utirik Atoll (approximately 0.7 ..mu..R/h). The variations observed were consistent with what might be expected from the fallout pattern of the Bravo event. Levels at Ailuk, Likiep, Wotho and Ujelang Atolls and at Mejit and Jemo Islands were consistent with /sup 137/Cs activity, due to worldwide fallout, observed within the United States and at other locations in the central Pacific. These four atolls and the two islands, therefore, do not appear to have recieved any significant direct contamination from the Bravo event or the other tests conducted at Bikini and Enewetak Atolls.

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Radiological-dose assessments of atolls in the northern Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Marshall Islands in the Equatorial Pacific, specifically Enewetak and Bikini Atolls, were the site of US nuclear testing from 1946 through 1958. In 1978, the Northern Marshall Islands Radiological Survey was conducted to evaluate the radiological conditions of two islands and ten atolls downwind of the proving grounds. The survey included aerial external gamma measurements and collection of soil, terrestrial, and marine samples for radionuclide analysis to determine the radiological dose from all exposure pathways. The methods and models used to estimate doses to a population in an environment where natural processes have acted on the source-term radionuclides for nearly 30 y, data bases developed for the models, and results of the radiological dose analyses are described.

Robison, W.L.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Updated radiological dose assessment of Bikini and Eneu Islands at Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a continuing effort to refine dose assessments for resettlement options at Bikini Atoll. Radionuclide concentration data developed at Bikini Atoll since 1977 have been used in conjunction with recent dietary information and current dose models to develop the annual dose rate and 30- and 50-y integral doses presented here for Bikini and Eneu Island living patterns. The terrestrial food chain is the most significant exposure pathway--it contributes more than 50% of the total dose--and external gamma exposure is the second most significant pathway. Other pathways evaluated are the marine food chain, drinking water, and inhalation. Cesium-137 produces more than 85% of the predicted dose; /sup 90/Sr is the second most significant radionuclide; /sup 60/Co contributes to the external gamma exposure in varying degrees, but is a small part of the total predicted dose; the transuranic radionuclides contribute a small portion of the total predicted lung and bone doses but do present a long-term source of exposure. Maximum annual dose rates for Bikini Island are about 1 rem/y for the whole body and bone marrow when imported foods are available and about 1.9 rem/y when imports are unavailable. Maximum annual dose rates for Eneu Island when imports are available are 130 mrem/y for the whole body and 136 mrem/y for bone marrow. Similar doses when imported foods are unavailable are 245 and 263 mrem/y, respectively. The 30-y integral doses for Bikini Island are about 23 rem for whole body and bone marrow when imported foods are available and more than 40 rem when imports are unavailable. The Eneu Island 30-y integral doses for whole body and bone marrow are about 3 rem when imports are available and 5.5 and 6.1 rem, respectively, when imports are unavailable. Doses from living patterns involving some combination of Bikini and Eneu Islands fall between the doses listed above for each island separately.

Robison, W.L.; Mount, M.E.; Phillips, W.A.; Stuart, M.L.; Thompson, S.E.; Conrado, C.L.; Stoker, A.C.

1982-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

6

Radiation doses for Marshall Islands Atolls Affected by U.S. Nuclear Testing:All Exposure Pathways, Remedial Measures, and Environmental Loss of 137Cs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States conducted 24 nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll with a total yield of 76.8 Megatons (MT). The Castle series produced about 60% of this total and included the Bravo test that was the primary source of contamination of Bikini Island and Rongelap and Utrok Atolls. One of three aerial drops missed the atoll and the second test of the Crossroads series, the Baker test, was an underwater detonation. Of the rest, 17 were on barges on water and 3 were on platforms on an island; they produced most of the contamination of islands at the atoll. There were 42 tests conducted at Enewetak Atoll with a total yield of 31.7 MT (Simon and Robison, 1997; UNSCEAR, 2000). Of these tests, 18 were on a barge over wateror reef, 7 were surface shots, 2 aerial drops, 2 under water detonations, and 13 tower shots on either land or reef. All produced some contamination of various atoll islands. Rongelap Atoll received radioactive fallout as a result of the Bravo test on March 1, 1954 that was part of the Castle series of tests. This deposition was the result of the Bravo test producing a yield of 15 MT, about a factor of three to four greater than the predicted yield that resulted in vaporization of more coral reef and island than expected and in the debris-cloud reaching a much higher altitude than anticipated. High-altitude winds were to the east at the time of detonation and carried the debris-cloud toward Rongelap Atoll. Utrok Atoll also received fallout from the Bravo test but at much lower air and ground-level concentrations than at Rongelap atoll. Other atolls received Bravo fallout at levels below that of Utrok [other common spellings of this island and atoll (Simon, et al., 2009)]. To avoid confusion in reading other literature, this atoll and island are spelled in a variety of ways (Utrik, Utirik, Uterik or Utrok). Dose assessments for Bikini Island at Bikini Atoll (Robison et al., 1997), Enjebi Island at Enewetak Atoll (Robison et al., 1987), Rongelap Island at Rongelap Atoll (Robison et al., 1994; Simon et al., 1997), and Utrok Island at Utrok Atoll (Robison, et al., 1999) indicate that about 95-99% of the total estimated dose to people who may return to live at the atolls today (Utrok Island is populated) is the result of exposure to {sup 137}Cs. External gamma exposure from {sup 137}Cs in the soil accounts for about 10 to 15% of the total dose and {sup 137}Cs ingested during consumption of local food crops such as drinking coconut meat and fluid (Cocos nucifera L.), copra meat and milk, Pandanus fruit, and breadfruit accounts for about 85 to 90%. The other 1 to 2% of the estimated dose is from {sup 90}Sr, {sup 239+240}Pu, and {sup 241}Am. The {sup 90}Sr exposure is primarily through the food chain while the exposure to {sup 239+240}Pu, and {sup 241}Am is primarily via the inhalation pathway as a result of breathing re-suspended soil particles.

Robison, W L; Hamilton, T F

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

7

E-Print Network 3.0 - atoll palmyra atoll Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scale 1 Summary: ,000,000 81002 Caroline Islands-Westem Part (OMEGA) 1,000,000 81007 Bikini Atoll to Mili Atoll (OMEGA) 1... ,000,000 81012 Namorik Atoll to Nonouti (OMEGA)...

8

An investigation into the prevalence of thyroid disease on Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the study was to obtain thyroid disease rate statistics on as much of the population as possible that was alive during the years of nuclear testing and to test the hypothesis that described a linearly decreasing prevalence of palpable nodules with increasing distance from the Bikini test site. 1,322 Marshallese born before 1965 were given a thyroid examination using neck palpation, fine needle aspiration biopsy, and high resolution ultrasound imaging. Approximately 40% of the total population living on this island who are at risk from exposure to radioactive fallout during the years 1946-1958 were screened. Of that group, 815 were alive at the time of the BRAVO test on 1 March 1954. Two hundred sixty-six people with thyroid nodules were found (32.6%): 132 were palpable nodules (16.2%), and 134 were nodules that could be diagnosed with ultrasound only (15.7%). Prevalence of palpable nodules was particularly high in men and women older than 60 y, in men who were 6 to 15 y of age at the time of the BRAVO test, and in women 1 to 10 y of age at the time of the BRAVO test. In 22 people, the clinical diagnosis was most likely cancer though histopathological evidence was only available from 11 operated cases. Of the 11 operated cases, 10 were cancer. Cancer prevalence was particularly high in those women born between 1944 and 1953 (7/220 = 3.2%), i.e., who were children during the early years of nuclear testing. The Ebeye data showed a marginally significant correlation between palpable nodule prevalence among women and distance to Bikini (r = -0.44, p = 0.06). This report summarizes the clinical findings of the thyroid examinations, the age distributions for nodular disease and cancer, and examines the relationship between prevalence of nodules and present day levels of {sup 137}Cs in the environment of each atoll. 22 refs., 4 figs., 9 tabs.

Takahashi, T.; Fujimori, K.; Kimura, N. [Tohoku Univ. Medical School, Sendai (Japan)] [and others

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

E-Print Network 3.0 - atoll kiritimati insights Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the Pacific atolls: lagoonal, organic matter-rich, Summary: -called kopara of the French Polynesian atolls and equivalent material from Kiritimati Island (Pacific Ocean......

10

The language of militarism : engendering Filipino masculinity in the U.S. Empire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from atomic bomb tests off Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands,his painstaking work in Bikini Atoll, Mr. Fedalizo remembersairplanes go through that Bikini Atoll and Midway Island are

Suarez, Theresa Cenidoza

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

E-Print Network 3.0 - atoll national wildlife Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Changed Pupping and Hauling Summary: . Atoll Research Bulletin 103. 3 pp. US.Fish and Wildlife Service. 1986. Hawaiian IslandsNational Wildlife... Islands National...

12

Bikini Atoll groundwater development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear weapons testing during the 1950's has left the soil and ground water on Bikini Atoll contaminated with cesium-137, and to a lesser extent, strontium-90. Plans currently are underway for the clean-up and resettlement of the atoll by removal of approximately the upper 30 cm of soil. Any large-scale resettlement program must include provisions for water supply. This will be achieved principally by catchment and storage of rain water, however, since rainfall in Bikini is highly seasonal and droughts occur frequently, ground water development must also be considered. The quantity of potable ground water that can be developed is limited by its salinity and radiological quality. The few ground water samples available from Bikini, which have been collected from only about the top meter of the groundwater body, indicate that small bodies of potable ground water exist on Bikini and Eneu, the two principal living islands, but that cesium and strontium in the Bikioni ground water exceed drinking water standards. In order to make a reasonable estimate of the ground water development potential for the atoll, some 40 test boreholes will be drilled during July/August 1985, and a program of water quality monitoring initiated. This paper will describe preliminary results of the drilling and monitoring work.

Peterson, F.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Resettlement of Bikini Atoll U.S. Nuclear Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US conducted a nuclear testing program at Bikini and Enewetak Atolls in the Marshall Islands from 1946 through 1958. Several atolls, including Bikini, were contaminated as a result of the nuclear detonations. Since 1974 the authors have conducted an extensive research and monitoring program to determine the radiological conditions at the atolls, identify the critical radionuclides and pathways, estimate the radiological dose to current or resettling populations, and develop remedial measures to reduce the dose to atoll populations. This paper describes exposure pathways and radionuclides; composition of atoll soils; radionuclide transport and dose estimates; remedial measures; and reduction in dose from a combined option.

Robinson, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Stuart, M.L.; Stoker, A.C.; Hamilton, T.F.

1999-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

14

Utirik Atoll Dose Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On March 1, 1954, radioactive fallout from the nuclear test at Bikini Atoll code-named BRAVO was deposited on Utirik Atoll which lies about 187 km (300 miles) east of Bikini Atoll. The residents of Utirik were evacuated three days after the fallout started and returned to their atoll in May 1954. In this report we provide a final dose assessment for current conditions at the atoll based on extensive data generated from samples collected in 1993 and 1994. The estimated population average maximum annual effective dose using a diet including imported foods is 0.037 mSv y{sup -1} (3.7 mrem y{sup -1}). The 95% confidence limits are within a factor of three of their population average value. The population average integrated effective dose over 30-, 50-, and 70-y is 0.84 mSv (84, mrem), 1.2 mSv (120 mrem), and 1.4 mSv (140 mrem), respectively. The 95% confidence limits on the population-average value post 1998, i.e., the 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral doses, are within a factor of two of the mean value and are independent of time, t, for t > 5 y. Cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) is the radionuclide that contributes most of this dose, mostly through the terrestrial food chain and secondarily from external gamma exposure. The dose from weapons-related radionuclides is very low and of no consequence to the health of the population. The annual background doses in the U. S. and Europe are 3.0 mSv (300 mrem), and 2.4 mSv (240 mrem), respectively. The annual background dose in the Marshall Islands is estimated to be 1.4 mSv (140 mrem). The total estimated combined Marshall Islands background dose plus the weapons-related dose is about 1.5 mSv y{sup -1} (150 mrem y{sup -1}) which can be directly compared to the annual background effective dose of 3.0 mSv y{sup -1} (300 mrem y{sup -1}) for the U. S. and 2.4 mSv y{sup -1} (240 mrem y{sup -1}) for Europe. Moreover, the doses listed in this report are based only on the radiological decay of {sup 137}Cs (30.1 y half-life) and other radionuclides. However, we continually see {sup 137}Cs in the groundwater at all contaminated atolls; the turnover time of the groundwater is about 5 y. The {sup 137}Cs can only get to the groundwater by leaching through the soil column when a portion of the soluble fraction of {sup 137}Cs inventory in the soil is transported to the groundwater when rainfall is heavy enough to cause recharge of the aquifer. This process is causing a loss of {sup 137}Cs out of the root zone of the plants that provides an environmental loss constant ({lambda}{sub env}) in addition to radiological decay {lambda}{sub rad}. Consequently, there is an effective rate of loss, {lambda}{sub eff} = {lambda}{sub rad} + {lambda}{sub env} that is the sum of the radiological and environmental-loss decay constants. We have had, and continue to have, a vigorous program to determine the rate of the environmental loss process. What we do know at this time is that the loss of {sup 137}Cs over time is greater than the estimate based on radiological decay only, and that the actual dose received by the Utirik people over 30-, 50-, or 70-y will be less than those presented in this report.

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Bogen, K.T

1999-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

15

Bikini Atoll ionizing radiation survey, May 1985-May 1986  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Between 1946 and 1958, the United States conducted 23 nuclear tests at the Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands, which resulted in extensive radioactive contamination of a number of islands in the atoll and prevented the timely resettlement of the native population. Although the external dose rates from beta and gamma radiation have been previously determined by aerial survey and a variety of ground measurement techniques, technical constraints limited the assessment of external beta dose rates that result from the /sup 137/Cs and /sup 90/Sr//sup 90/Y contamination on the islands. Now, because of the recent development of very thin thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs), the external beta dose rates can be measured. 18 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

Shingleton, K.L.; Cate, J.L.; Trent, M.G.; Robison, W.L.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Uncharted Waters: Bivalves of Midway Atoll and Integrating Mathematics into Biology Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

agents for heavy metal pollution (Sarver et al. 2003,heavy metal remediation by a small pearl oyster (Pinctada imbricata) farm at Port Stephens, Australia. Marine Pollution

McCully, Kristin M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Midway, Utah: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte GmbH JumpSprings, Vermont: Energy ResourcesisMidway, Utah: Energy

18

Radiological Conditions on Rongelap Atoll: Perspective on Resettlement of Rongelap Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most widely accepted international guidelines for protection of the public from ionizing radiation and in circumstances related to intervention strategies to reduce exposures to preexisting conditions, such as those on Rongelap Island, come from the International Commission on Radiological Protection, the National Council on Radiation Protection and the International Atomic Energy Agency. By all internationally agreed scientific criteria, present radiological conditions on Rongelap Island are considered safe for permanent resettlement. Safe implies that no additional cancer deaths are expected among those living on Rongelap Island beyond the number that would occur in a community of the same population size, similar ages and mix of males and females, who do not experience exposure to residual fallout by living on the island. It is expected that the average dose received by Rongelap Island residents will fall well below the dose adopted by the Republic of the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal considered a ''safe'' or acceptable health risk. These conclusions are supported by environmental measurements and assessments performed by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) including the results of radiological surveillance of resettlement workers living on Rongelap Island for various lengths of time from 1999 through 2002, and independent studies conducted by Japanese scientists. Atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons was responsible for the widespread dispersion of radioactive fallout around the globe. Rongelap Island received higher levels of fallout from local or close-in fallout deposition from nuclear testing on Bikini Atoll. The main pathway for exposure to radiation from the bomb testing is ''internally'' through ingestion of radioactive cesium (cesium-137) taken up from the soil into locally grown foodstuffs. Resettlement workers living on Rongelap Island who ate local foods have volunteered to have the cesium-137 content of their bodies measured. The measuring device is called a whole body counter. A person relaxes in a chair for a few minutes while counts are taken using a detector a few inches away from the body. The whole body counting program on Rongelap Island was established under a cooperative agreement between the Rongelap Atoll Local Government (RALG), the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Local technicians from Rongelap continue to operate the facility under supervision of scientists from LLNL. Whole body counting data collected on resettlement workers during the initial phases of resettlement can tell us what exposure level a permanently resettled population could reasonably expect. The average internal dose to resettlement workers from cesium-137 is less than 1 mrem (0.01 mSv) per year. The highest individual dose observed over the last 3-years was less than 4 mrem (0.04 mSv) per year. The RALG-DOE resettlement support plan also calls for spreading potassium fertilizer across the agricultural areas to prevent the uptake of cesium-137 into plants. Fertilization will reduce the dietary intake of cesium-137 and reduce the dose to island residents. By 2004, over 70 percent of the cesium-137 deposition in soil from fallout in 1954 will have decayed to a non-radioactive substance. Over the next 10-20 years, more than one-half of the remaining cesium-137 in the soil and vegetation of the atoll islands will have disappeared by decay or washed out of the soil by rain. Removing some soil, applying crushed coral around living areas, and spreading potassium fertilizer across agricultural areas will reduce the level of radiation exposure in the resettled population to levels below those considered safe by the Nuclear Claims Tribunal and to levels well below those considered safe by the international scientific community.

Hamilton, T F

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Resuspension studies at Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following experiments were conducted on Bikini Atoll to provide key parameters for an assessment of inhalation exposure from plutonium-contaminated dust aerosols: (1) a characterization of background (plutonium activity, dust, plutonium, sea spray, and organic aerosol concentrations), (2) a study of plutonium resuspension from a bare field, (3) a study of plutonium resuspension by traffic, and (4) a study of personal inhalation exposure. Studies similar to (1) and (2) have been previously performed at Enewetak Atoll. 9 refs., 5 figs., 8 tabs.

Shinn, J.H.; Homan, D.N.; Robison, W.L.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Collection and processing of plant, animal and soil samples from Bikini, Enewetak and Rongelap Atolls  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States used the Marshall Islands for its nuclear weapons program testing site from 1946 to 1958. The BRAVO test was detonated at Bikini Atoll on March 1, 1954. Due to shifting wind conditions at the time of the nuclear detonation, many of the surrounding Atolls became contaminated with fallout (radionuclides carried by the wind currents). Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s (LLNL) Marshall Islands Project has been responsible for the collecting, processing, and analyzing of food crops, vegetation, soil, water, animals, and marine species to characterize the radionuclides in the environment, and to estimate dose at atolls that may have been contaminated. Tropical agriculture experiments reducing the uptake of {sup 137}Cs have been conducted on Bikini Atoll. The Marshall Islands field team and laboratory processing team play an important role in the overall scheme of the Marshall Islands Dose Assessment and Radioecology Project. This report gives a general description of the Marshall Islands field sampling and laboratory processing procedures currently used by our staff.

Stuart, M.L.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

E-Print Network 3.0 - amelia island florida Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(OMEGA) 1... ,000,000 81002 Caroline Islands-Westem Part (OMEGA) 1,000,000 81007 Bikini Atoll to ... Source: Russell, Lynn - Scripps Institution of Oceanography Collection:...

22

EA-1951: Midway-Moxee Rebuild and Midway-Grandview Upgrade Transmission Line, Benton and Yakima Counties, Washington  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Bonneville Power Administration is preparing an EA to assess the potential environmental impacts of the proposed rebuild of the 34-mile Midway-Moxee transmission line in Benton and Yakima Counties, Washington.

23

ISLANDER  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

003251WKSTN00 Genomic Island Identification Software v 1.0  http://bioinformatics.sandia.gov/software 

24

Radiological conditions at Bikini Atoll: Radionuclide concentrations in vegetation, soil, animals, cistern water, and ground water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is intended as a resource document for the eventual cleanup of Bikini Atoll and contains a summary of the data for the concentrations of /sup 137/Cs, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 239 +240/Pu, and /sup 241/Am in vegetation through 1987 and in soil through 1985 for 14 islands at Bikini Atoll. The data for the main residence island, Bikini, and the most important island, Eneu, are extensive; these islands have been the subject of a continuing research and monitoring program since 1974. Data for radionuclide concentrations in ground water, cistern water, fish and other marine species, and pigs from Bikini and Eneu Islands are presented. Also included are general summaries of our resuspension and rainfall data from Bikini and Eneu Islands. The data for the other 12 islands are much more limited because samples were collected as part of a screening survey and the islands have not been part of a continuing research and monitoring program. Cesium-137 is the radionuclide that produces most of the estimated dose for returning residents, mostly through uptake by terrestrial foods and secondly by direct external gamma exposure. Remedial measures for reducing the /sup 137/Cs uptake in vegetation are discussed. 40 refs., 32 figs., 131 tabs.

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Stuart, M.L.

1988-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

25

Rigby Midway School Wind Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton Abbey Wind Farm Jump to:Sector WindRigby HighMidway

26

E-Print Network 3.0 - aspects les atolls Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of AToLE met... . The AToLE initiative is - more than ever - highly relevant to broad scientific and societal needs Source: Renner, Susanne - Department of Biology,...

27

E-Print Network 3.0 - atoll residents based Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

studied... of Moruroa Atoll result in increased concentrations of radioactive material in French Polynesia, as direct... at Moruroa Atoll and the closely neighboring Fangataufa...

28

atoll marshall islands: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of low-latency message passing systems, targeted at ... Moore, David 2009-09-02 31 Alan Turing, Marshall Hall, and the Alignment Mathematics Websites Summary: Alan Turing,...

29

atolls marshall islands: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of low-latency message passing systems, targeted at ... Moore, David 2009-09-02 31 Alan Turing, Marshall Hall, and the Alignment Mathematics Websites Summary: Alan Turing,...

30

Helix Atoll JV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpen EnergyBoard" form.Guizhou NewInformationHeliosAtoll JV

31

An updated dose assessment for a U.S. Nuclear Test Site - Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On March 1, 1954, a nuclear weapon test, code-named BRAVO, conducted at Bikini Atoll in the northern Marshall Islands contaminated the major residence island. There has been a continuing effort since 1977 to refine dose assessments for resettlement options at Bikini Atoll. Here we provide a radiological dose assessment for the main residence island, Bikini, using extensive radionuclide concentration data derived from analysis of food crops, ground water, cistern water, fish and other marine species, animals, air, and soil collected at Bikini Island as part of our continuing research and monitoring program that began in 1975. The unique composition of coral soil greatly alters the relative contribution of cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) and strontium-90 ({sup 90}Sr) to the total estimated dose relative to expectations based on North American and European soils. Without counter measures, cesium-137 produces 96% of the estimated dose for returning residents, mostly through uptake from the soil to terrestrial food crops but also from external gamma exposure. The doses are calculated assuming a resettlement date of 1999. The estimated maximum annual effective dose for current island conditions is 4.0 mSv when imported foods, which are now an established part of the diet, are available. The corresponding 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 9.1 cSv, 13 cSv, and 15 cSv, respectively. A corresponding uncertainty analysis showed that after about 5 y of residence, the 95% confidence limits on population-average dose would be {plus_minus}35% of its expected value. We have evaluated various countermeasures to reduce {sup 137}Cs in food crops. Treatment with potassium reduces the uptake of {sup 137}Cs into food crops, and therefore the ingestion dose, to about 5% of pretreatment levels and has essentially no negative environmental consequences.

Robison, W.L.; Bogen, K.T.; Conrado, C.L.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

The depositional history of the Midway-Wilcox section, new Ulm field, Austin County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DEPOSITIONAL HISTORY OF THE MIDWAY-WILCOX SECTION, NEW ULM FIELD ~ AUSTIN COUNTY g TEXAS A Thesis by EDWIN PINERO Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1982 Major Subject: Geology THE DEPOSITIONAL HISTORY OF THE MIDWAY-WILCOX SECTION, NEW ULM FIELD, AUSTIN COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by EDWIN PINERO Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committ ) Member) (Member...

Pinero, Edwin

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: sampling and analysis summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A radiological survey was conducted in the Northern Marshall Islands to document reamining external gamma exposures from nuclear tests conducted at Enewetak and Bikini Atolls. An additional program was later included to obtain terrestrial and marine samples for radiological dose assessment for current or potential atoll inhabitants. This report is the first of a series summarizing the results from the terrestrial and marine surveys. The sample collection and processing procedures and the general survey methodology are discussed; a summary of the collected samples and radionuclide analyses is presented. Over 5400 samples were collected from the 12 atolls and 2 islands and prepared for analysis including 3093 soil, 961 vegetation, 153 animal, 965 fish composite samples (average of 30 fish per sample), 101 clam, 50 lagoon water, 15 cistern water, 17 groundwater, and 85 lagoon sediment samples. A complete breakdown by sample type, atoll, and island is given here. The total number of analyses by radionuclide are 8840 for /sup 241/Am, 6569 for /sup 137/Cs, 4535 for /sup 239 +240/Pu, 4431 for /sup 90/Sr, 1146 for /sup 238/Pu, 269 for /sup 241/Pu, and 114 each for /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu. A complete breakdown by sample category, atoll or island, and radionuclide is also included.

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Eagle, R.J.; Stuart, M.L.

1981-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

34

Concentrations of radionuclides in reef and lagoon pelagic fish from the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A radiological survey was conducted from September through November of 1978 to assess the concentrations of persistent man-made radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments of 11 atolls and 2 islands of the Northern Marshall Islands. The atolls and islands include Rongelap, Utirik, Taka, Bikar, Rongerik, Ailinginae, Likiep, Jemo, Ailuk, Mejet, Wotho, Ujelang and Bikini. Over 4000 terrestrial and marine samples were collected for radionuclide analysis from 76 different islands. Soils, vegetation, indigenous animals, and cistern and groundwater were collected from the islands. Reef fish, pelagic species, clams, lagoon water, and sediments were obtained from the lagoons. A report is given of all available concentration data for /sup 137/Cs, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 239+240/Pu, /sup 238/Pu, /sup 241/Am as well as naturally occurring /sup 40/K and other gamma emitting radionuclides in tissues and organs of different species of fish collected from the atolls.

Noshkin, V.E.; Eagle, R.J.; Wong, K.M.; Jokela, T.A.; Brunk, J.L.; Marsh, K.V.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

137Cs Inter-Plant Concentration Ratios Provide a Predictive Tool for Coral Atolls with Distinct Benefits Over Transfer Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inter-plant concentration ratios (IPCR), [Bq g{sup -1} {sup 137}Cs in coral atoll tree food-crops/Bq g{sup -1} {sup 137}Cs in leaves of native plant species whose roots share a common soil volume], can replace transfer factors (TF) to predict {sup 137}Cs concentration in tree food-crops in a contaminated area with an aged source term. The IPCR strategy has significant benefits relative to TF strategy for such purposes in the atoll ecosystem. IPCR strategy applied to specific assessments takes advantage of the fact tree roots naturally integrate 137Cs over large volumes of soil. Root absorption of {sup 137}Cs replaces large-scale, expensive soil sampling schemes to reduce variability in {sup 137}Cs concentration due to inhomogeneous radionuclide distribution. IPCR [drinking-coconut meat (DCM)/Scaevola (SCA) and Tournefortia (TOU) leaves (native trees growing on all atoll islands)] are log normally distributed (LND) with geometric standard deviation (GSD) = 1.85. TF for DCM from Enewetak, Eneu, Rongelap and Bikini Atolls are LND with GSD's of 3.5, 3.0, 2.7, and 2.1, respectively. TF GSD for Rongelap copra coconut meat is 2.5. IPCR of Pandanus fruit to SCA and TOU leaves are LND with GSD = 1.7 while TF GSD is 2.1. Because IPCR variability is much lower than TF variability, relative sampling error of an IPCR field sample mean is up 6- to 10-fold lower than that of a TF sample mean if sample sizes are small (10 to 20). Other IPCR advantages are that plant leaf samples are collected and processed in far less time with much less effort and cost than soil samples.

Robison, W L; Hamilton, T F; Bogen, K; Corado, C L; Kehl, S R

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

36

O P I N I O N Ethanol from sugarcane in Brazil: a `midway' strategy for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O P I N I O N Ethanol from sugarcane in Brazil: a `midway' strategy for increasing ethanol of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA Abstract This article reviews the history and current state of ethanol. We propose that it is possible to produce ethanol from sugarcane while maintaining or even recovering

DeLucia, Evan H.

37

Radiation-induced risk of resettling Bikini atoll. Final report, November 7, 1981-May 28, 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has concluded that the Bikini atoll is unsafe for resettlement. In response to the Bikinians' request for an independent review, we have examined the following DOE findings: (a) radionuclide contamination of Eneu and Bikini Islands, (b) radiation dosage to those who might resettle the islands, and (c) risks to the health of such settlers. We are in practical agreement with the DOE estimates. Resettlement of either island in 1983 would lead to a range of annual or 30-year cumulative doses that exceed the Federal Radiation Council (FRC) guides for the general population, but not those for occupation exposure. By 2013 resettlement of Eneu probably would be permissible. The principal source of radiation dose is local food, especially coconut, owing to contamination of the soil by cesium-137. A precise estimate of dose is impossible. The availability of imported foods would lessen local food consumption, but not sufficiently to meet the FRC guides for the general population. The 30-year cumulative index dose is 61 (25-122) rem for Bikini, and about 8 (3-16) rem for Eneu.

Kohn, H.I.; Dreyer, N.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

A dose assessment for a U.S. nuclear test site -- Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On March 1, 1954, a nuclear weapon test, code-named BRAVO, conducted at Bikini Atoll in the northern Marshall Islands contaminated the major residence island. Here the authors provide a radiological dose assessment for the main residence island, Bikini, using extensive radionuclide concentration data derived from analysis of food crops, ground water, cistern water, fish and other marine species, animals, air, and soil collected at Bikini Island. The unique composition of coral soil greatly alters the relative contribution of cesium-137 and strontium-90 to the total estimated dose relative to expectations based on North American and European soils. Cesium-137 produces 96% of the estimated dose for returning residents, mostly through uptake from the soil to terrestrial food crops but also from external gamma exposure. The estimated maximum annual effective dose is 4.4 mSv y{sup {minus}1} when imported foods, which are now an established part of the diet, are available. The 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 10 cSv, 14 cSv, and 16 cSv, respectively. An analysis of interindividual variability in 0- to 30-y expected integral dose indicates that 95% of Bikini residents would have expected doses within a factor of 3.4 above and 4.8 below the population-average value. A corresponding uncertainty analysis showed that after about 5 y of residence, the 95% confidence limits on population-average dose would be {+-}35% of its expected value. The authors have evaluated various countermeasures to reduce {sup 137}Cs in food crops. Treatment with potassium reduces the uptake of {sup 137}Cs into food crops, and therefore the ingestion dose, to less than 10% of pretreatment levels and has essentially no negative environmental consequences.

Robison, W.L.; Bogen, K.T.; Conrado, C.L.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

E-Print Network 3.0 - atoll coral biodiversity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to form his beloved atolls. It is these deep, cold-water corals that are the focus... broad research areas: links and connectivity, biodiversity ... Source: Brierley, Andrew -...

40

The artist, the atom, and the Bikini Atoll : Ralston Crawford paints Operation Crossroads.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis explores Ralston Crawford’s canvases painted after witnessing the events of Operation Crossroads at the Bikini Atoll in 1946. Commissioned by Fortune, the artist… (more)

Gorski, Susanna Brooks

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Radionuclides in sediments and seawater at Rongelap Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present concentrations and distributions of long-lived, man-made radionuclides in Rongelap Atoll lagoon surface sediments, based on samples collected and analyzed in this report. The radionuclides were associated with debris generated with the 1954 Bravo thermonuclear test at Bikini Atoll. Presently, only {sup 90}Sr and the transuranic radionuclides are found associated with the surface sediments in any quantity. Other radionuclides, including {sup 60}Co and {sup 137} Cs, are virtually absent and have either decayed or migrated from the deposits to the overlying seawater. Present inventories of {sup 241}Am and {sup 249+240}Pu in the surface layer at Rongelap are estimated to be 3% of the respective inventories in surface sediments from Bikini Atoll. There is a continuous slow release of the transuranics from the sediments back to the water column. The inventories will only slowly change with time unless the chemical-physical processes that now regulate this release to the water column are changed or altered.

Noshkin, V.E.; Robison, W.L.; Eagle, R.J.; Brunk, J.L.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Bikini, Enewetak, and Rongelap Marshallese, and United States nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands: A bibliography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A considerable literature exists on the Bikini, Enewetak, and Rongelap Marshallese and their atolls; however, this literature consists of a large number of governmental documents that are relatively unknown and difficult to locate. This is particularly true of the documents of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands and those related to nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands. Because a comprehensive bibliography on the impact of nuclear weapons testing on the Marshallese and their atolls does not exist, the preparation of a bibliography that includes sufficient information to locate all types of reports seems justified. This document is the bibliography.

Schultz, V. (Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (USA)); Schultz, S.C. (Oregon Univ., Eugene, OR (USA)); Robison, W.L. (ed.) (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA))

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

The Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: Data and dose assessments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fallout from atmospheric nuclear tests, especially from those conducted at the Pacific Proving Grounds between 1946 and 1958, contaminated areas of the Northern Marshall Islands. A radiological survey at some Northern Marshall Islands was conducted from September through November 1978 to evaluate the extent of residual radioactive contamination. The atolls included in the Northern Marshall Islands Radiological Survey (NMIRS) were Likiep, Ailuk, Utirik, Wotho, Ujelang, Taka, Rongelap, Rongerik, Bikar, Ailinginae, and Mejit and Jemo Islands. The original test sites, Bikini and Enewetak Atolls, were also visited on the survey. An aerial survey was conducted to determine the external gamma exposure rate. Terrestrial (soil, food crops, animals, and native vegetation), cistern and well water samples, and marine (sediment, seawater, fish and clams) samples were collected to evaluate radionuclide concentrations in the atoll environment. Samples were processed and analyzed for {sup 137}Cs, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 239+240}Pu and {sup 241}Am. The dose from the ingestion pathway was calculated using the radionuclide concentration data and a diet model for local food, marine, and water consumption. The ingestion pathway contributes 70% to 90% of the estimated dose. Approximately 95% of the dose is from {sup 137}Cs accounts for about 10% to 30% of the dose. {sup 239+240}Pu and {sup 241}Am are the major contributors to dose via the inhalation pathway; however, inhalation accounts for only about 1% of the total estimated dose, based on surface soil levels and resuspension studies. All doses are computed for concentrations decay corrected to 1996. The maximum annual effective dose from manmade radionuclides at these atolls ranges from .02 mSv y{sup -1}. The background dose in the Marshall Islands is estimated to be 2.4 mSv y{sup -1} to 4.5 mSv y{sup -1}. The 50-y integral dose ranges from 0.5 to 65 mSv. 35 refs., 2 figs., 9 tabs.

Robison, W.L.; Noshkin, V.E.; Conrado, C.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Independent verification of plutonium decontamination on Johnston Atoll (1992--1996)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Field Command, Defense Special Weapons Agency (FCDSWA) (formerly FCDNA) contracted Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Environmental Technology Section (ETS) to conduct an independent verification (IV) of the Johnston Atoll (JA) Plutonium Decontamination Project by an interagency agreement with the US Department of Energy in 1992. The main island is contaminated with the transuranic elements plutonium and americium, and soil decontamination activities have been ongoing since 1984. FCDSWA has selected a remedy that employs a system of sorting contaminated particles from the coral/soil matrix, allowing uncontaminated soil to be reused. The objective of IV is to evaluate the effectiveness of remedial action. The IV contractor`s task is to determine whether the remedial action contractor has effectively reduced contamination to levels within established criteria and whether the supporting documentation describing the remedial action is adequate. ORNL conducted four interrelated tasks from 1992 through 1996 to accomplish the IV mission. This document is a compilation and summary of those activities, in addition to a comprehensive review of the history of the project.

Wilson-Nichols, M.J.; Wilson, J.E.; McDowell-Boyer, L.M.; Davidson, J.R.; Egidi, P.V.; Coleman, R.L.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Sediment studies at Bikini Atoll part 1. distribution of fine and coarse components in surface sediments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1979, 21 years after the moratorium on nuclear testing in the Marshall Islands, surface sediment samples (to depths of 2 and 4 cm) were collected from 87 locations over the floor of Bikini lagoon. The main purpose for the collections was to map the distribution of long- lived man-made radionuclides associated with the bottom material. In addition the samples were processed to estimate the fraction of fine and coarse components to show what modifications occurred since the sediment composition was first described in samples collected before testing in 1946. In this report a comparison is made of the amount and distribution of fine material associated with the lagoon surface sediment before and after the testing of nuclear devices. Nuclear testing produced more finely divided material in-the surface sediment layer over large areas of the lagoon and especially in regions of the lagoon and reef adjacent to test sites. Five cratering events at Bikini Atoll generated sufficient material to account for the inventory of new fine material found over the bottom surface of the lagoon. Although the fraction of fine material in the bottom sediments was altered by the nuclear events, the combined processes of formation, transport and deposition were not sufficiently dynamic to alter the geographical features of the major sedimentary components over most of the lagoon floor.

Noshkin, V. E.; Eagle, R.J.; Robison, W.L.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Uncertainty analysis for an updated dose assessment for a US nuclear test site: Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of uncertainty and interindividual variability in estimated doses was conducted for a rehabilitation scenario for Bikini Island at Bikini Atoll, in which the top 40 cm of soil would be removed in the housing and village area, and the rest of the island is treated with potassium fertilizer, prior to an assumed resettlement date of 1999. Predicted doses were considered for the following fallout-related exposure pathways: ingested Cesium-137 and Strontium-90, external gamma exposure, and inhalation and ingestion of Americium-241 + Plutonium-239+240. Two dietary scenarios were considered: (1) imported foods are available (IA), and (2) imported foods are unavailable (only local foods are consumed) (IUA). Corresponding calculations of uncertainty in estimated population-average dose showed that after {approximately}5 y of residence on Bikini, the upper and lower 95% confidence limits with respect to uncertainty in this dose are estimated to be approximately 2-fold higher and lower than its population-average value, respectively (under both IA and IUA assumptions). Corresponding calculations of interindividual variability in the expected value of dose with respect to uncertainty showed that after {approximately}5 y of residence on Bikini, the upper and lower 95% confidence limits with respect to interindividual variability in this dose are estimated to be approximately 2-fold higher and lower than its expected value, respectively (under both IA and IUA assumptions). For reference, the expected values of population-average dose at age 70 were estimated to be 1.6 and 5.2 cSv under the IA and IUA dietary assumptions, respectively. Assuming that 200 Bikini resettlers would be exposed to local foods (under both IA and IUA assumptions), the maximum 1-y dose received by any Bikini resident is most likely to be approximately 2 and 8 mSv under the IA and IUA assumptions, respectively.

Bogen, K.T.; Conrado, C.L.; Robison, W.L.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

The nature of the contact of the Navarro and Midway groups at four localities in Falls, Milan, Travis, and Bastrop Counties, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 ~ ~ 0 ~ ~ 1 ~ 3 ~ ~ ~ ~ 6 ~ ~ ~ ~ i ~ ~ 7 Navarro Group . Kemp Clay. Midway Group. ~ 7 Kincaid Formation. Cretaceous-'Zertiary Contact . Foraminifera of the Navarro and Midway Groups. . . . . . . . . 10 Geologic Setting . Physiography... and Structure. Nature of the Unconformity. ~ 13 14 Locality' I Detailed Lithology of section . Navarro Foraminif era. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 19 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 21 Analysis of the Navarro Foran. inifera at locality I. . . . . . . 24 Nidvay Forsminifera...

Morris, Thomas Joseph

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Plutonium and americium behavior in coral atoll environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inventories of /sup 239 +240/Pu and /sup 241/Am greatly in excess of global fallout levels persist in the benthic environments of Bikini and Enewetak Atolls. Quantities of /sup 239 +240/Pu and lesser amounts of /sup 241/Am are continuously mobilizing from these sedimentary reservoirs. The amount of /sup 239 +240/Pu mobilized to solution at any time represents 0.08 to 0.09% of the sediment inventories to a depth of 16 cm. The mobilized /sup 239 +240/Pu has solute-like characteristics and different valence states coexist in solution - the largest fraction of the soluble plutonium is in an oxidized form (+V,VI). The adsorption of plutonium to sediments is not completely reversible because of changes that occur in the relative amounts of the mixed oxidation states in solution with time. Further, any characteristics of /sup 239 +240/Pu described at one location may not necessarily be relevant in describing its behavior elsewhere following mobilization and migration. The relative amounts of /sup 241/Am to /sup 239 +240/Pu in the sedimentary deposits at Enewetak and Bikini may be altered in future years because of mobilization and radiological decay. Mobilization of /sup 239 +240/Pu is not a process unique to these atolls, and quantities in solution derived from sedimentary deposits can be found at other global sites. These studies in the equatorial Pacific have significance in assessing the long-term behavior of the transuranics in any marine environment. 22 references, 1 figure, 13 tables.

Noshkin, V.E.; Wong, K.M.; Jokela, T.A.; Brunk, J.L.; Eagle, R.J.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

An updated dose assesment for resettlement options at Bikini atoll - A US nuclear test site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has been a continuing effort since 1977 to refine dose assessments for resettlement options at Bikini Atoll. Here we provide a radiological dose assessment for the main residence island, Bikini, using extensive radio nuclide concentration data derived from analysis of food crops, ground water, cistern water, fish and other marine species, animals, air, and soil collected at Bikini Island as part of our continuing research and monitoring program that began in 1978. The unique composition of coral soil greatly alters the relative contribution of {sup 137}Cs and {sup 90}Sr to the total estimated dose relative to expectations based on North American and European soils. Without counter measures, {sup 137}Cs produces 96% of the estimated dose for returning residents, mostly through uptake from the soil to terrestrial food crops but also from external gamma exposure. The doses are calculated assuming a resettlement date of 1999. The estimated maximum annual effective dose for current island conditions is 4.0 mSv when imported foods, which are now an established part of the diet, are available. The 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 91 mSv, 130 mSv, and 150 mSv, respectively. A detailed uncertainty analysis for these dose estimates is presented in a companion paper in this issue. We have evaluated various countermeasures to reduce {sup 137}Cs in food crops. Treatment with potassium reduces the uptake of {sup 137}Cs into food crops, and therefore the ingestion dose, to about 5 % of pretreatment levels and has essentially no negative environmental consequences. We have calculated the dose for the rehabilitation scenario where the top 40 cm of soil is removed in the housing and village area, and the rest of the island is treated with potassium fertilizer; the maximum annual effective dose is 0.41 mSv and the 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 9.8 mSv, 14 mSv, and 16 mSv, respectively. 44 refs., 3 figs., 11 tabs.

Robison, W.L.; Bogen, K.T.; Conrado, C.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

E-Print Network 3.0 - atolls Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sensing, 2001, vol. 22, no. 6, 987 1004 Typology of atoll rims in Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia) at Summary: int. j. remote sensing, 2001, vol. 22, no. 6, 987 1004...

51

Long-term record of nss-sulfate and nitrate in aerosols on Midway Island, 19812000: Evidence of increased  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aerosol along with greenhouse gases are better able to reproduce the surface temperature trends in the 20 of increased (now decreasing?) anthropogenic emissions from Asia Joseph M. Prospero and Dennis L. Savoie Center, New Mexico State University, Carlsbad, New Mexico, USA Received 19 November 2001; revised 14

Prospero, Joseph M.

52

Effect of Potassium on Uptake of 137Cs in Food Crops Grown on Coral Soils: Annual Crops at Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1954 a radioactive plume from the thermonuclear device code named BRAVO contaminated the principal residential islands, Eneu and Bikini, of Bikini Atoll (11{sup o} 36 minutes N; 165{sup o} 22 minutes E), now part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. The resulting soil radioactivity diminished greatly over the three decades before the studies discussed below began. By that time the shorter-lived isotopes had all but disappeared, but strontium-90 ({sup 90}Sr), and cesium-137, ({sup 137}Cs) were reduced by only one half-life. Minute amounts of the long-lived isotopes, plutonium-239+240 ({sup 239+240}Pu) and americium-241 ({sup 241}Am), were present in soil, but were found to be inconsequential in the food chain of humans and land animals. Rather, extensive studies demonstrated that the major concern for human health was {sup 137}Cs in the terrestrial food chain (Robison et al., 1983; Robison et al., 1997). The following papers document results from several studies between 1986 and 1997 aimed at minimizing the {sup 137}Cs content of annual food crops. The existing literature on radiocesium in soils and plant uptake is largely a consequence of two events: the worldwide fallout of 1952-58, and the fallout from Chernobyl. The resulting studies have, for the most part, dealt either with soils containing some amount of silicate clays and often with appreciable K, or with the short-term development of plants in nutrient cultures.

Stone, E R; Robinson, W

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Long-Term Reduction in 137Cs Concentration in Food Crops on Coral Atolls Resulting from Potassium Treatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bikini Island was contaminated March 1, 1954 by the Bravo detonation (U.S nuclear test series, Castle) at Bikini Atoll. About 90% of the estimated dose from nuclear fallout to potential island residents is from cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) transferred from soil to plants that are consumed by residents. Thus, radioecology research efforts have been focused on removing {sup 137}Cs from soil and/or reducing its uptake into vegetation. Most effective was addition of potassium (K) to soil that reduces {sup 137}Cs concentration in fruits to 3-5% of pretreatment concentrations. Initial observations indicated this low concentration continued for some time after K was last applied. Long-term studies were designed to evaluate this persistence in more detail because it is very important to provide assurance to returning populations that {sup 137}Cs concentrations in food (and, therefore, radiation dose) will remain low for extended periods, even if K is not applied annually or biennially. Potassium applied at 300, 660, 1260, and 2070 kg ha{sup -1} lead to a {sup 137}Cs concentration in drinking coconut meat that is 34, 22, 10, and about 4% of original concentration, respectively. Concentration of {sup 137}Cs remains low 8 to 10 y after K is last applied. An explanation for this unexpected result is discussed.

Robison, W L; Stone, E L; Hamilton, T F; Conrado, C L

2004-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

54

Long-Term Reduction in 137Cs Concentration in Food Crops on Coral Atolls Resulting from Potassium Treatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bikini Island was contaminated March 1, 1954 by the Bravo detonation (U.S nuclear test series, Castle) at Bikini Atoll. About 90% of the estimated dose from nuclear fallout to potential island residents is from cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) transferred from soil to plants that are consumed by residents. Thus, radioecology research efforts have been focused on removing {sup 137}Cs from soil and/or reducing its uptake into vegetation. Most effective was addition of potassium (K) to soil that reduces {sup 137}Cs concentration in fruits to 3-5% of pretreatment concentrations. Initial observations indicated this low concentration continued for some time after K was last applied. Long-term studies were designed to evaluate this persistence in more detail because it is very important to provide assurance to returning populations that {sup 137}Cs concentrations in food (and, therefore, radiation dose) will remain low for extended periods, even if K is not applied annually or biennially. Potassium applied at 300, 660, 1260, and 1970 kg ha{sup -1} lead to a {sup 137}Cs concentration in drinking coconut meat that is 34, 22, 10, and about 4 % of original concentration, respectively. Concentration of {sup 137}Cs remains low 8 to 10 y after K is last applied. An explanation for this unexpected result is discussed.

Robison, W; Stone, E; Hamilton, T; Conrado, C

2005-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

55

Past and present levels of some radionuclides in fish from Bikini and Enewetak atolls  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bikini and Enewetak were the sites in the Northern Marshall Islands that were used by the United States as testing grounds for nuclear devices between 1946 and 1958. The testing produced close-in fallout debris that was contaminated with different radionuclides and which entered the aquatic environment. The contaminated lagoon sediments became a reservoir and source term of manmade radionuclides for the resident marine organisms. This report contains a summary of all the available data on the concentrations of {sup 137}Cs {sup 60}Co and {sup 217}Bi in flesh samples of reef and pelagic fish collected from Bikini and Enewetak Atolls between 1964 and 1995. The selection of these three radionuclides for discussion is based on the fact that these are the only radionuclides that have been routinely detected by gamma spectrometry in flesh samples from all fish for the last 20 y. Flesh from fish is an important source of food in the Marshallese diet. These radionuclides along with the transuranic radionuclides and {sup 90}Sr contribute most of the small radiological dose from ingesting marine foods. Some basic relationships among concentrations in different tissues and organs are discussed. The reef fish can be used as indicator species because their body burden is derived from feeding, over a lifetime, within a relatively small contaminated area of the lagoon. Therefore, the emphasis of this report is to use this extensive and unique concentration data base to describe the effective half lives and cycling for the radionuclides in the marine environments during the 31-y period between 1964 and 1995. 26 refs., 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Noshkin, V.E.; Robison, W.L.; Brunk, J.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

EA-1188: Chevron U.S.A., Inc. and Santa Fe Energy Resources, Inc. Midway Valley 3D Seismic Project, Kern County, California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposed Midway Valley 3D Geophysical Exploration Project. Chevron U.S.A., Inc. and Santa Fe Energy Resources are proposing to conduct seismic...

57

Resuspension studies at Bikini Atoll. [Pulmonary exposure from dust-borne plutonium aerosols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following experiments were conducted on Bikini Atoll to provide key parameters for an assessment of inhalation exposure from plutonium-contaminated dust aerosols: (1) a characterization of background (plutonium activity, dust, plutonium, sea spray, and organic aerosol concentrations); (2) a study of plutonium resuspension from a bare field; (3) a study of plutonium resuspension by traffic; and (4) a study of personal inhalation exposure. Dust concentrations of 21 ..mu..g m/sup -3/ and sea spray of 34 ..mu..g m/sup -3/ were the background throughout the Bikini Island except within 50 m of the windward beach. Background concentrations of /sup 239 +240/Pu were 60 aCi m/sup -3/ in the coconut grove and 264 aCi m/sup -3/ over rain-stabilized bare soil. The ratio of plutonium activity in aerosols relative to the activity in underlying soil, defined as the enhancement factor, EF, was typically less than one. Enhancement factors increased about 3.8 as a result of tilling. Plutonium resuspension flux was estimated at 0.49 pCi m/sup -2/ year/sup -1/ over most of Bikini Island. Aerosol size distributions associated with mass and with plutonium activity were typically log-normal with median aerodynamic diameter 2.44 ..mu..m, which decreased to 2.0 ..mu..m above freshly tilled soil. The Pu concentration in aerosols collected over disturbed soil increased by a factor of 19.1. Vehicular traffic produced dust pulses typically of 10 s duration, 28 ..mu..g m/sup -3/ average concentration, and plutonium enhancement factor 2.5. Personal dosimetry showed that enhancement of dust by a worker was a factor of 2.64 for heavy work outdoors and 1.86 for light work in and around houses. Pulmonary deposition of plutonium was calculated for various exposure conditions. The pulmonary deposition ranged from 1476 aCi h/sup -1/ to 12 aCi h/sup -1/ with intermediate values for heavy outdoor work and for light work in and around houses.

Shinn, J.H.; Homan, D.N.; Robison, W.L.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Independent Verification Survey of the Clean Coral Storage Pile at the Johnston Atoll Plutonium Contaminated Soil Remediation Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

f I The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Environmental Technology Section conducted an independent verification (IV) survey of the clean storage pile at the Johnston Atoll Plutonium Contaminated Soil Remediation Project (JAPCSRP) from January 18-25, 1999. The goal of the JAPCSRP is to restore a 24-acre area that was contaminated with plutonium oxide particles during nuclear testing in the 1960s. The selected remedy was a soil sorting operation that combined radiological measurements and mining processes to identify and sequester plutonium-contaminated soil. The soil sorter operated from about 1990 to 1998. The remaining clean soil is stored on-site for planned beneficial use on Johnston Island. The clean storage pile currently consists of approximately 120,000 m3 of coral. ORNL conducted the survey according to a Sampling and Analysis Plan, which proposed to provide an IV of the clean pile by collecting a minimum number (99) of samples. The goal was to ascertain wi th 95% confidence whether 97% of the processed soil is less than or equal to the accepted guideline (500-Bq/kg or 13.5-pCi/g) total transuranic (TRU) activity.

Wilson-Nichols, M.J.; Egidi, P.V.; Roemer, E.K.; Schlosser, R.M.

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Radionuclide concentrations in fish and invertebrates from Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As in other global studies, /sub 137/Cs was found in the highest concentrations in edible flesh of all species of fish and in the lowest concentrations in the bone or liver. The mean concentration of /sup 137/Cs in muscle of reef fish from the southern part of the atoll is comparable to the global-fallout concentration measured in market samples of fish collected from Chicago, IL, USA, in 1982. Strontium-90 is associated generally with non-edible parts of fish, such as bone or viscera. Twenty-five to fifty percent of the total body burden of /sub 60/Co is accumulated in the muscle tissue; the remainder is distributed among the liver, skin, and viscera. The mean concentration of /sub 60/Co in fish has been decreasing at a rate faster than radiological decay alone. Most striking is the range of /sup 207/Bi concentrations among different species of fish collected at the same time and place. Highest concentrations of /sup 207/Bi were consistently detected in the muscle and other tissues of goatfish and some of the pelagic lagoon fish. In other reef fish, such as mullet, surgeonfish, and parrotfish, /sub 207/Bi was usually below detection limits by gamma spectrometry. Over 70% of the whole-body activity of /sup 207/Bi in goatfish is associated with the muscle tissue, whereas less than 5% is found in the muscle of mullet and surgeonfish. Neither /sup 239 +240/Pu nor /sup 241/Am is accumulated significantly in the muscle tissue of any species of fish. Apparently, /sup 238/Pu is in a more readily available form for accumulation by fishes than /sup 239 +240/Pu. Based on a daily ingestion rate of 200 g of fish flesh, dose rates to individuals through the fish-food ingestion pathway are well below current Federal guidelines. 24 refs., 1 fig., 27 tabs

Noshkin, V.E.; Wong, K.M.; Eagle, R.J.; Jokela, T.A.; Brunk, J.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Radionuclide concentrations and dose assessment of cistern water and groundwater at the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A radiological survey was conducted from September through November of 1978 to determine the concentrations of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments of 11 atolls and 2 islands in the Northern Marshall Islands. More than 70 cistern and groundwater samples were collected at the atolls; the volume of each sample was between 55 and 100 l. The concentration of /sup 90/Sr in cistern water at most atolls is that expected from world-wide fallout in wet deposition. Except for Bikini and Rongelap, /sup 137/Cs concentrations in cistern water are in agreement with the average predicted concentrations from wet deposition. The /sup 239 +240/Pu concentrations are everywhere less than the predicted fallout concentrations except at Rongelap, Ailinginae, and Bikini where the measured and predicted concentrations are in general agreement. During the period sampled, most groundwater concentrations of /sup 90/Sr and /sup 137/Cs were everywhere higher than the concentrations in cistern water. Concentrations of the transurancies in filtered groundwater solution were everywhere comparable to or less than the concentrations in cistern water. It is concluded that the concentrations of radionuclides detected during any single period may not necessarily reflect the long-term average concentrations or the concentrations that might be observed if a lined well were extended above the surface. In any case, at all atolls the /sup 90/Sr and /sup 137/Cs concentrations in groundwater are below the concentration guidelines for drinking water recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency. The maximum annual dose rates and the 30- and 50-y integral doses are calculated for the intake of both cistern water and groundwater for each of the atolls.

Noshkin, V.E.; Eagle, R.J.; Wong, K.M.; Jokela, T.A.; Robison, W.L.

1981-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Evaluation of the location and recency of faulting near prospective surface facilities in Midway Valley, Nye County, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluation of surface faulting that may pose a hazard to prospective surface facilities is an important element of the tectonic studies for the potential Yucca Mountain high-level radioactive waste repository in southwestern Nevada. For this purpose, a program of detailed geologic mapping and trenching was done to obtain surface and near-surface geologic data that are essential for determining the location and recency of faults at a prospective surface-facilities site located east of Exile Hill in Midway Valley, near the eastern base of Yucca Mountain. The dominant tectonic features in the Midway Valley area are the north- to northeast-trending, west-dipping normal faults that bound the Midway Valley structural block-the Bow Ridge fault on the west side of Exile Hill and the Paint-brush Canyon fault on the east side of the valley. Trenching of Quaternary sediments has exposed evidence of displacements, which demonstrate that these block-bounding faults repeatedly ruptured the surface during the middle to late Quaternary. Geologic mapping, subsurface borehole and geophysical data, and the results of trenching activities indicate the presence of north- to northeast-trending faults and northwest-trending faults in Tertiary volcanic rocks beneath alluvial and colluvial sediments near the prospective surface-facilities site. North to northeast-trending faults include the Exile Hill fault along the eastern base of Exile Hill and faults to the east beneath the surficial deposits of Midway Valley. These faults have no geomorphic expression, but two north- to northeast-trending zones of fractures exposed in excavated profiles of middle to late Pleistocene deposits at the prospective surface-facilities site appear to be associated with these faults. Northwest-trending faults include the West Portal and East Portal faults, but no disruption of Quaternary deposits by these faults is evident. The western zone of fractures is associated with the Exile Hill fault. The eastern zone of fractures is within Quaternary alluvial sediments, but no bedrock was encountered in trenches and soil pits in this part of the prospective surface facilities site; thus, the direct association of this zone with one or more bedrock faults is uncertain. No displacement of lithologic contacts and soil horizons could be detected in the fractured Quaternary deposits. The results of these investigations imply the absence of any appreciable late Quaternary faulting activity at the prospective surface-facilities site.

Swan, F.H.; Wesling, J.R.; Angell, M.M.; Thomas, A.P.; Whitney, J.W.; Gibson, J.D.

2002-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

62

Foraminiferal and lithologic characteristics through the zone of the Midway-Wilcox contact in Bastrop, Williamson, and Milam counties, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to deterniae tho sedincntcry parsactors of qccrtilc deviatioa, qaartile shewacss, and qacrtile hartesis. The perceatages of sca, silt, snd clay~ the coefficient of sorting~ sad the ne4isa 4isnetor were nsefal ia iaterpreting the eaviroancatal coaditioas... (1807, p. 62) ia a revised versioa ef the Eoceae ca4 Gretaceoas ef iiabswa. peeress (1050, p. 10?20) aced the ease "Wills peiat" or "Easel Clays" te 4esigaate the Midway Creep ef Texas. Ia the saae pablicatioa, pcarose applied the tera "Tueler Selt...

Miller, David Irving

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Uncertainty and variability in updated estimates of potential dose and risk at a US Nuclear Test Site - Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uncertainty and interindividual variability were assessed in estimated doses for a rehabilitation scenario for Bikini Island at Bikini Atoll, in which the top 40 cm of soil would be removed in the housing and village area, and the rest of the island would be treated with potassium fertilizer, prior to an assumed resettlement date of 1999. Doses were estimated for ingested {sup 137}Cs and {sup 90}Sr, external gamma-exposure, and inhalation+ingestion of {sup 241}Am + {sup 239+240}Pu. Two dietary scenarios were considered: imported foods are available (IA); imported foods are unavailable with only local foods consumed (IUA). After {approximately}5 y of Bikini residence under either IA or IUA assumptions, upper and lower 95% confidence limits on interindividual variability in calculated dose were estimated to lie within a {approximately}threefold factor of its in population-average value; upper and lower 95% confidence limits on uncertainty in calculated dose were estimated to lie within a {approximately}twofold factor of its expected value. For reference, the expected values of population-average dose at age 70 y were estimated to be 16 and 52 mSv under IA and IUA dietary assumptions, respectively. Assuming that 200 Bikini resettlers would be exposed to local foods (under both IA and IUA assumptions), the maximum 1-y dose received by any Bikini resident is most likely to be approximately 2 and 8 mSv under the IA and IUA assumptions, respectively. Under the most likely dietary scenario, involving access to imported foods, this analysis indicates that it is most likely that no additional cancer fatalities (above those normally expected) would arise from the increased radiation exposures considered. 33 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Bogen, K.T.; Conrado, C.L.; Robison, W.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

An updated dose assessment for Rongelap Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have updated the radiological dose assessment for Rongelap Island at Rongelap Atoll using data generated from field trips to the atoll during 1986 through 1993. The data base used for this dose assessment is ten fold greater than that available for the 1982 assessment. Details of each data base are presented along with details about the methods used to calculate the dose from each exposure pathway. The doses are calculated for a resettlement date of January 1, 1995. The maximum annual effective dose is 0.26 mSv y{sup {minus}1} (26 mrem y{sup {minus}1}). The estimated 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 0.0059 Sv (0.59 rem), 0.0082 Sv (0.82 rem), and 0.0097 Sv (0.97 rem), respectively. More than 95% of these estimated doses are due to 137-Cesium ({sup 137}Cs). About 1.5% of the estimated dose is contributed by 90-Strontium ({sup 90}Sr), and about the same amount each by 239+240-Plutonium ({sup 239+240}PU), and 241-Americium ({sup 241}Am).

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Bogen, K.T.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Siphonophores of the Pacific with a Review of the World Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sumatra Marshall Islands: Bikini Atoll (inside and outsideIslands (outside lagoon Bikini Atoll, inside lagoon Rongelapinside and outside lagoon in Bikini Atoll, inside lagoon in

Alvarino, Angeles

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Summary and evaluation of existing geological and geophysical data near prospective surface facilities in Midway Valley, Yucca Mountain Project, Nye County, Nevada; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Midway Valley, located at the eastern base of the Yucca Mountain in southwestern Nevada, is the preferred location of the surface facilities for the potential high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain. One goal in siting these surface facilities is to avoid faults that could produce relative displacements in excess of 5 cm in the foundations of the waste-handling buildings. This study reviews existing geologic and geophysical data that can be used to assess the potential for surface fault rupture within Midway Valley. Dominant tectonic features in Midway Valley are north-trending, westward-dipping normal faults along the margins of the valley: the Bow Ridge fault to the west and the Paintbrush Canyon fault to the east. Published estimates of average Quaternary slip rates for these faults are very low but the age of most recent displacement and the amount of displacement per event are largely unknown. Surface mapping and interpretive cross sections, based on limited drillhole and geophysical data, suggest that additional normal faults, including the postulated Midway Valley fault, may exist beneath the Quaternary/Tertiary fill within the valley. Existing data, however, are inadequate to determine the location, recency, and geometry of this faulting. To confidently assess the potential for significant Quaternary faulting in Midway Valley, additional data are needed that define the stratigraphy and structure of the strata beneath the valley, characterize the Quaternary soils and surfaces, and establish the age of faulting. The use of new and improved geophysical techniques, combined with a drilling program, offers the greatest potential for resolving subsurface structure in the valley. Mapping of surficial geologic units and logging of soil pits and trenches within these units must be completed, using accepted state-of-the-art practices supported by multiple quantitative numerical and relative age-dating techniques.

Gibson, J.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Swan, F.H.; Wesling, J.R.; Bullard, T.F.; Perman, R.C.; Angell, M.M.; DiSilvestro, L.A. [Geomatrix Consultants, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Reassessment of the potential radiological doses for residents resettling Enewetak Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to refine the dose predictions, subsequent to the cleanup effort, for alternate living patterns proposed for resettlement of Enewetak Atoll. The most recent data developed from projects at Enewetak and Bikini Atolls for concentration and uptake of Cs, Sr, Pu, and Am were used in conjunction with recent dietary information and current dose models to predict annual dose rates and 30- and 50-y integral doses (dose commitments). The terrestrial food chain in the most significant exposure pathway - it contributes more than 50% of the total dose - and external gamma exposure is the second most significant pathway. Other pathways evaluated are the marine food chain, drinking water, and inhalation.

Robison, W.L.; Phillips, W.A.; Mount, M.E.; Clegg, B.R.; Conrado, C.L.

1980-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

68

Meteorological Monitoring on bikini atoll: system description and data summary (May 2000 - April 2001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Meteorological data are continuously collected at three sites on Bikini Atoll in support of radioecological research and monitoring programs conducted by the Health and Ecological Assessments Division at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Weather stations were first established on Bikini Atoll in April 1990, and provide information on rainfall, wind speed and direction, air temperature, humidity, and solar radiation. These data and information are used to interpret results of remediation experiments designed to evaluate the effectiveness of potassium fertilizer on reducing the uptake of {sup 137}Cs into locally grown foods. We have also demonstrated that {sup 137}Cs is slowly leached from surface soil by the action of rain water. Long-term meteorological data are crucial to our efforts of developing an understanding of environmental processes controlling the environment loss of {sup 137}Cs in coral atoll soil. In May 2000, older data collection platforms and the DOS-based system that downloaded data from National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s Data Automatic Processing System (DAPS) was decommissioned, and new data loggers, GOES (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite) transmitters and antennas were installed. Consequently, new procedures were developed to maintain the field systems, download the data, and reduce and archive the data. This document provides an operational description and status report on the three new meteorological monitoring systems on Bikini Atoll as well as an computational summary of previously recorded data. Included are overviews of procedures for sensor exchange, data recovery and reduction, and specific information about the different sensors. We also provide a description of systems maintenance and trouble shooting activities. This report will be updated on an annual basis.

Gouveia F; Bradsher, R; Brunk, J; Hamilton, T

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Transuranic concentrations in reef and pelagic fish from the Marshall Islands. [/sup 239/Pu, /sup 240/Pu  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concentrations of /sup 239 + 240/Pu are reported in tissues of several species of reef and pelagic fish caught at 14 different atolls in the northern Marshall Islands. Several regularities that are species dependent are evident in the distribution of /sup 239 + 240/Pu among different body tissues. Concentrations in liver always exceeded those in bone and concentrations were lowest in the muscle of all fish analyzed. A progressive discrimination against /sup 239 + 240/Pu was observed at successive trophic levels at all atolls except Bikini and Enewetak, where it was difficult to conclude if any real difference exists between the average concentration factor for /sup 239 + 240/Pu among all fish, which include bottom feeding and grazing herbivores, bottom feeding carnivores, and pelagic carnivores from different atoll locations. The average concentration of /sup 239 + 240/Pu in the muscle of surgeonfish from Bikini and Enewetak was not significantly different from the average concentrations determined in these fish at the other, lesser contaminated atolls. Concentrations among all 3rd, 4th, and 5th trophic level species are highest at Bikini where higher environmental concentrations are found. The reasons for the anomalously low concentrations in herbivores from Bikini and Enewetak are not known.

Noshkin, V.E.; Eagle, R.J.; Wong, K.M.; Jokela, T.A.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Resuspension studies in the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The contribution of inhalation exposure to the total dose for residents of the Marshall Islands was monitored at occasions of opportunity on several islands in the Bikini and Enewetak Atolls. To determine the long-term potential for inhalation exposure, and to understand the mechanisms of redistribution and personal exposure, additional investigations were undertaken on Bikini Island under modified and controlled conditions. Experiments were conducted to provide key parameters for the assessment of inhalation exposure from plutonium-contaminated dust aerosols: characterization of the contribution of plutonium in soil-borne aerosols as compared to sea spray and organic aerosols, determination of plutonium resuspension rates as measured by the meteorological flux-gradient method during extreme conditions of a bare-soil vs. a stabilized surface, determination of the approximate individual exposures to resuspended plutonium by traffic, and studies of exposures to individuals in different occupational environments simulated by personal air sampling of workers assigned to a variety of tasks. Enhancement factors (defined as ratios of the plutonium-activity), of suspended aerosols relative to the plutonium-activity of the soil were determined to be less than 1 (typically 0.4 to 0.7) in the undisturbed, vegetated areas, but greater than 1 (as high as 3) for the case studies of disturbed bare soil, roadside travel, and for occupational duties in fields and in and around houses. 12 refs., 5 figs., 8 tabs.

Shinn, J.H.; Homan, D.N.; Robison, W.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

An estimate by two methods of thyroid absorbed doses due to BRAVO fallout in several northern Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Estimates of the thyroid absorbed doses due to fallout originating from the 1 March 1954 BRAVO thermonuclear test on Bikini Atoll have been made for several inhabited locations in the Northern Marshall Islands. Rongelap, Utirik, Rongerik and Ailinginae Atolls were also inhabited on 1 March 1954, where retrospective thyroid absorbed doses have previously been reconstructed. Current estimates are based primarily on external exposure data, which were recorded shortly after each nuclear test in the Castle Series, and secondarily on soil concentrations of {sup 137}Cs in samples collected in 1978 and 1988, along with aerial monitoring done in 1978. External exposures and {sup 137}Cs Soil concentrations were representative of the atmospheric transport and deposition patterns of the entire Castle Series tests and show that the BRAVO test was the major contributor to fallout exposure during the Castle series and other test series which were carried out in the Marshall Islands. These data have been used as surrogates for fission product radioiodines and telluriums in order to estimate the range of thyroid absorbed doses that may have occurred throughout the Marshall Islands. Dosimetry based on these two sets of estimates agreed within a factor of 4 at the locations where BRAVO was the dominant contributor to the total exposure and deposition. Both methods indicate that thyroid absorbed doses in the range of 1 Gy (100 rad) may have been incurred in some of the northern locations, whereas the doses at southern locations did not significantly exceed levels comparable to those from worldwide fallout. The results of these estimates indicate that a systematic medical survey for thyroid disease should be conducted, and that a more definitive dose reconstruction should be made for all the populated atolls and islands in the Northern Marshall Islands beyond Rongelap, Utirik, Rongerik and Ailinginae, which were significantly contaminated by BRAVO fallout. 30 refs., 2 figs., 10 tabs.

Musolino, S.V.; Hull, A.P. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Greenhouse, N.A.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Preliminary design of a landfill and revetment on Bikini Island, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Topsoil on Bikini Island, located 2,500 miles southwest of Hawaii at 113 deg 35 min N, 165 deg 25 min E, was contaminated by radioactive fallout from nuclear weapons tests in the late 1940's and early 1950's. The uptake of this radioactive fallout, primarily cesium-137 in plants, has prevented resettlement of the island by the native population. One alternative solution proposed by the congressionally appointed Bikini Atoll Rehabilitation Committee involves removal of the contaminated topsoil and placement of the excavated material as a landfill on the 2,500-ft-wide reef flat adjacent to the eastern (windward) shore of the island. This paper explores that alternative by first developing an extremal wave climatology offshore of Bikini Island from 21 years (1959-1979) of typhoon data published by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center on Guam. Deepwater wave conditions just offshore of the reef are estimated and transformed to the point of breaking at the edge of the reef. Storm surge is estimated based on these same parameters. Wave setup on the reef flat is estimated based on the simulated breaking conditions. Given an estimate of the elevated water level across the reef caused by storm surge and wave setup, depth limitations and fractional decay are estimated to define wave conditions at the toe of the proposed revetment. A rubble-mound revetment design stable in these conditions, armored by coral limestone quarried from the reef flat, is then formulated and corresponding material quantities estimated.

Smith, O.P.; Chu, Y.H.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Concentrations of radionuclides in fish collected from Bikini Atoll between 1977 and 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes all available data on the concentrations of radionuclides in fish from Bikini Atoll between 1977 and 1984. As found in other global studies, /sup 137/Cs is most highly accumulated in edible flesh of all species of fish, the lowest fractions are found in the bone or liver. The mean concentration of /sup 137/Cs in muscle of reef fish from the southern part of the atoll is comparable to the global fallout concentration measured in market samples of fish collected from Chicago, Illinois, in 1982. /sup 90/Sr is generally associated with non-edible parts of fish, such as bone or viscera. Twenty-five to fifty percent of the total body burden of /sup 60/Co is accumulated in the muscle tissue; the remainder is distributed among the liver, skin, and viscera. The mean concentration of /sup 60/Co in fish has been decreasing at a rate faster than radiological decay alone. Most striking is the range of /sup 207/Bi concentrations among different species of fish collected at the same time and place. Highest concentrations of /sup 207/Bi were consistently detected in the muscle (and other tissues) of goatfish and some of the pelagic lagoon fish. In other reef fish, such as mullet, surgeonfish, and parrotfish, /sup 207/Bi was usually below detection limits by gamma spectrometry. Over 70% of the whole-body activity of /sup 207/Bi in goatfish is associated with the muscle tissue, whereas less than 5% is found in the muscle of mullet and surgeonfish. Neither /sup 239 +240/Pu nor /sup 241/Am is significantly accumulated in the muscle tissue of any species of fish. Apparently, /sup 238/Pu is in a more readily available form for accumulation by fishes than /sup 239 +240/Pu. Based on a daily ingestion rate of 200 q of fish flesh, dose rates to individuals through the fish-food ingestion pathway are well below current Federal guidelines.

Noshkin, V.E.; Wong, K.M.; Eagle, R.J.; Jokela, T.A.; Brunk, J.A.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

An Assessment of the Current Day Impact of Various Materials Associated with the U.S. Nuclear Test Program in the Marshall Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Different stable elements, and some natural and man-made radionuclides, were used as tracers or associated in other ways with nuclear devices that were detonated at Bikini and Enewetak Atolls as part of the U.S. nuclear testing program from 1946 through 1958. The question has been raised whether any of these materials dispersed by the explosions could be of sufficient concentration in either the marine environment or on the coral islands to be of a health concern to people living, or planning to live, on the atolls. This report addresses that concern. An inventory of the materials involved during the test period was prepared and provided to us by the Office of Defense Programs (DP) of the United States Department of Energy (DOE). The materials that the DOE and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) ask to be evaluated are--sulfur, arsenic, yttrium, tantalum, gold, rhodium, indium, tungsten, thallium, thorium-230,232 ({sup 230,232}Th), uranium-233,238 ({sup 233,238}U), polonium-210 ({sup 210}Po), curium-232 ({sup 232}Cu), and americium-241 ({sup 241}Am). The stable elements were used primarily as tracers for determining neutron energy and flux, and for other diagnostic purposes in the larger yield, multistage devices. It is reasonable to assume that these materials would be distributed in a similar manner as the fission products subsequent to detonation. A large inventory of fission product and uranium data was available for assessment. Detailed calculations show only a very small fraction of the fission products produced during the entire test series remain at the test site atolls. Consequently, based on the information provided, we conclude that the concentration of these materials in the atoll environment pose no adverse health effects to humans.

Robison, W L; Noshkin, V E; Hamilton, T F; Conrado, C L; Bogen, K T

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Bikini, Enewetak, and Rongelap Marshallese, and United States nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands: A bibliography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A considerable literature exists on the Bikini, Enewetak, and Rongelap Marshallese and their atolls; however, this literature consists of a large number of governmental documents that are relatively unknown and difficult to locate. This is particularly true of the documents of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands and those related to nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands. Because a comprehensive bibliography on the impact of nuclear weapons testing on the Marshallese and their atolls does not exist, the preparation of a bibliography that includes sufficient information to locate all types of reports seems justified. Primary sources of information in preparing this bibliography were bibliographies on Oceania, citations in published papers, CIS Index and Abstracts, Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications, Nuclear Science Abstracts, Energy Research Abstracts, numerous bibliographies on radiation ecology, and suggestions by many individuals whom we contacted. One goal in this bibliography is to include complete documentation of the source of congressional reports and other government-related publications. In addition, page numbers for material in this bibliography are provided in parentheses when the subject matter of a book or document is not restricted to nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands.

Robison, W.L. (ed.) (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Schultz, V. (Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (USA)); Schultz, S.C. (Oregon Univ., Eugene, OR (USA))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Joint environmental assessment for Chevron USA, Inc. and Santa Fe Energy Resources, Inc.: Midway Valley 3D seismic project, Kern County, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed Midway Valley 3D Geophysical Exploration Project covers approximately 31,444 aces of private lands, 6,880 acres of Department of Energy (DOE) Lands within Naval Petroleum Reserve 2 (NPR2) and 3,840 acres of lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), in western Kern County, California. This environmental assessment (EA) presents an overview of the affected environment within the project area using results of a literature review of biological field surveys previously conducted within or adjacent to a proposed 3D seismic project. The purpose is to provide background information to identify potential and known locations of sensitive wildlife and special status plant species within the proposed seismic project area. Biological field surveys, following agency approved survey protocols, will be conducted during October through November 1996 to acquire current resources data to provide avoidance as the project is being implemented in the field.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Sediment studies at Bikini Atoll part 2. inventories of transuranium elements in surface sediments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the second of three reports on Bikini sediment studies, which discusses the concentrations and inventories of {sup 241}Am and {sup 239+240}Pu in sediments from the lagoon. Surface sediment samples were collected from 87 locations over the entire lagoon at Bikini Atoll during 1979. The collections were made to map the distribution of long-lived radionuclides associated with the bottom material and to show what modifications occurred in the composition of the sediment as a result of the testing program. Present inventories for {sup 241}Am and {sup 239+240}Pu in the surface 2 cm of sediment are estimated to be 14 and 17 TBq, respectively. These values are estimated to represent only 14% of the total inventory in the sediment column. Sediment inventories of {sup 239+240}Pu and {sup 241}Am are changing only slowly with time through chemical- physical processes that continuously mobilize small amounts of the transuranics to the water column. The lowest concentrations and inventories are associated with deposits logoonward of the eastern reef.

Noshkin, V.E.; Eagle, R.J.; Wong, K.M.; Robison, W.L.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Island Energy Snapshots  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

These energy snapshots highlight the energy landscape of islands in the Caribbean and the surrounding area.

79

Whole-body counting in the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1978 the Marshall Islands Radiological Safety Program was organized to perform radiation measurements and assess radiation doses for the people of the Bikini, Enewetak, Rongelap and Utirik Atolls. One of the major field components of this program is whole- body counting (WBC). WBC is used to monitor the quantity of gamma- emitting radionuclides present in individuals. A primary objective of the program was to establish {sup 137}Cesium body contents among the Enewetak, Rongelap and Utirik populations. {sup 137}Cs was the only gamma-emitting fission radionuclide detected in the 1,967 persons monitored. {sup 137}Cs body burdens tended to increase with age for both sexes, and were higher in males. The average {sup 137}Cs dose Annual Effective Dose for the three populations was as follows: For Enewetak, the dose was 22{+-}4 {mu}Sv. For Utirik, the dose was 33{+-} 3 {mu}Sv. Since 1985 the Rongelap people have been self-exiled to Mejatto. Biological elimination should have reduced their dose to virtually zero, and the measured dose was 2{+-}2 {mu}Sv. If they had remained on Rongelap Island, the calculated dose would have been 99 {mu}Sv, which is about one-third of the background dose. 7 refs., 1 tab. (MHB)

Sun, L.C.; Clinton, J.; Kaplan, E.; Meinhold, C.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Monitored plutonium aerosols at a soil cleanup site on Johnston Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Suspended plutonium in air was monitored for four periods near the operation of a stationary sorting system used to {open_quotes}mine{close_quotes} contaminated soil on Johnston Atoll. The monitoring periods were 14 October-14 November 1992, 20 October-15 November 1993, 16 August-3 November 1994, and 17 February-27 February 1995. Pairs of high volume air samplers were located at each of four locations of the process stream: the {open_quotes}spoils pile{close_quotes} that was the feedstock, the {open_quotes}plant area{close_quotes} near the hot soil gate of the sorter, the {open_quotes}clean pile{close_quotes} conveyer area where sorted clean soil was moved, and the {open_quotes}oversize soil{close_quotes} crushing area. These locations were monitored only during the working hours, while air monitoring was also done at an upwind, {open_quotes}background{close_quotes} area 24-hours per day. The median concentrations of Pu in {open_quotes}workplace{close_quotes} air (combined spoils pile, plant area, and clean pile sites) in 1992 was 397 aCi/m{sup 3} (15 {mu}Bq/m{sup 3}), but increased to median values of 23000 aCi/m{sup 3} (852 {mu}Bq/m{sup 3}) in August-November 1994 and 29800 aCi/m{sup 3} (1100 {mu}Bq/m{sup 3}) in February 1995. The highest median value at the worksites (29800 aCi/m{sup 3}) was more than 200 times lower than the regulatory level. The highest observed value was 84200 aCi/m{sup 3} at the spoils pile site, and this was more than 70 times lower than the regulatory level. The conclusion was that, in spite of the dusty environment, and the increased level of specific activity, we did not find that the soil processing posed any significant risk to workers during the observation periods 1992-1995.

Shinn, J.H.; Fry, C.O.; Johnson, J.S.

1996-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Reservoir description of a sand-rich submarine fan complex for a steamflood project: upper Miocene Potter sandstone, North Midway Sunset field, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nearly 650 m of cores from the upper Miocene Potter sandstone in Mobil's Alberta/Shale property, North Midway Sunset field, California, were examined to determine depositional facies, sand-body geometry, and reservoir quality for a proposed steamflood project. The Potter represents a sand-rich submarine fan complex with braided-channel, meandering-channel, levee, and crevasse-splay facies. The braided-channel facies (gravel and coarse sand) is thick (up to 100 m), sheetlike (> 500 m wide), and highly permeable (10,000 + md). The meandering-channel facies (coarse to medium sand) is up to 20 m thick, over 400 m long, lenticular in geometry, and exhibits an upward decrease in permeability (e.g., 9000 to 500 md) related to grain size that fines upward. The levee facies (in bioturbated sand) is up to 21 m thick, shows variable geometry, and is generally low in permeability (100-1500 md). The crevasse splay (medium sand) is up to 12 m thick, sheetlike (> 300 m wide), and shows moderately high permeability (2000-8000 md). The braided-channel facies was a product of density-modified grain flows, and the remaining three facies were deposited by turbidity currents. Steam flooding of the Potter reservoir should perform extremely well because the entire reservoir is composed of relatively clean sand and the reservoir lacks both horizontal and vertical permeability barriers.

Shanmugam, G.; Clayton, C.A.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Reactivation of an Idle Lease to Increase Heavy Oil Recovery Through Application of Conventional Steam Drive Technology in a Low Dip Slope and Basin Reservoir in the Midway-Sunset Field, San Jaoquin Basin, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A previously idle portion of the Midway-Sunset field, the ARCO Western Energy Pru Fee property, is being brought back into commercial production through tight integration of geologic characterization, geostatistical modeling, reservoir simulation, and petroleum engineering. This property, shut-in over a decade ago as economically marginal using conventional cyclic steaming methods, has a 200-300 foot thick oil column in the Monarch Sand. However, the sand lacks effective steam barriers and has a thick water-saturation zone above the oil-water contact. These factors require an innovative approach to steam flood production design that will balance optimal total oil production against economically viable steam-oil ratios and production rates. The methods used in the Class III demonstration are accessible to most operators in the Midway-Sunset field and could be used to revitalize properties with declining production of heavy oils throughout the region.

Steven Schamel

1998-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

83

Arctic ice islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of offshore oil and gas resources in the Arctic waters of Alaska requires offshore structures which successfully resist the lateral forces due to moving, drifting ice. Ice islands are floating, a tabular icebergs, up to 60 meters thick, of solid ice throughout their thickness. The ice islands are thus regarded as the strongest ice features in the Arctic; fixed offshore structures which can directly withstand the impact of ice islands are possible but in some locations may be so expensive as to make oilfield development uneconomic. The resolution of the ice island problem requires two research steps: (1) calculation of the probability of interaction between an ice island and an offshore structure in a given region; and (2) if the probability if sufficiently large, then the study of possible interactions between ice island and structure, to discover mitigative measures to deal with the moving ice island. The ice island research conducted during the 1983-1988 interval, which is summarized in this report, was concerned with the first step. Monte Carlo simulations of ice island generation and movement suggest that ice island lifetimes range from 0 to 70 years, and that 85% of the lifetimes are less then 35 years. The simulation shows a mean value of 18 ice islands present at any time in the Arctic Ocean, with a 90% probability of less than 30 ice islands. At this time, approximately 34 ice islands are known, from observations, to exist in the Arctic Ocean, not including the 10-meter thick class of ice islands. Return interval plots from the simulation show that coastal zones of the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas, already leased for oil development, have ice island recurrences of 10 to 100 years. This implies that the ice island hazard must be considered thoroughly, and appropriate safety measures adopted, when offshore oil production plans are formulated for the Alaskan Arctic offshore. 132 refs., 161 figs., 17 tabs.

Sackinger, W.M.; Jeffries, M.O.; Lu, M.C.; Li, F.C.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Bioremediation demonstration on Kwajalein Island: Site characterization and on-site biotreatability studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An environmental study was conducted during February 1991 on Kwajalein Island, a US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Base in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). This study was undertaken for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program (HAZWRAP) acting in behalf of USAKA. The purpose of the study was to determine if selected locations for new construction on Kwajalein Island were contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons as suspected and, if so, whether bioremediation appeared to be a feasible technology for environmental restoration. Two different sites were evaluated: (1) the site planned freshwater production facility and (2) a site adjacent to an aboveground diesel fuel storage tank. Within the proposed construction zone for the freshwater production facility (a.k.a desalination plant), total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) where either absent or at low levels. Characterization data for another potential construction site adjacent to an aboveground diesel fuel storage tank southeast of the old diesel power plant revealed high concentrations of diesel fuel in the soil and groundwater beneath the site. Results of this investigation indicate that there are petroleum-contaminated soils on Kwajalein Island and bioremediation appears to be a viable environmental restoration technique. Further experimentation and field demonstration are required to determine the design and operating conditions that provide for optimum biodegradation and restoration of the petroleum-contaminated soils. 17 refs., 7 figs., 26 figs.

Siegrist, R.L.; Korte, N.E.; Pickering, D.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Phelps, T.J. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States))

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Suspended plutonium aerosols near a soil cleanup site on Johnston Atoll in 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plutonium aerosol monitoring was conducted for one month near the 1992 operation of a stationary sorting system used to {open_quotes}mine{close_quotes} contaminated soil on Johnston Atoll. Pairs of high volume cascade impactors and a high volume air sampler were located at each of three locations of the process stream: the {open_quotes}spoils pile{close_quote} that was the feedstock, the {open_quotes}plant area{close_quotes} near the-hot soil gate of the sorter, and the {open_quotes}clean pile{close_quotes} conveyer area where sorted clean soil was moved. These locations were monitored only during the working hours, while air monitoring was also done at an upwind, uncontaminated {open_quotes}background{close_quotes} area 24-hours per day. The three monitoring locations were extremely dusty, even though there were frequent rains during the period of operation. Total suspended particulate mass loadings were 178 {mu}g/m{sup 3} at the spoils pile, 93 {mu}g/m{sup 3} at the plant area, and 79 {mu}g/m{sup 3} at the clean pile during this period, when background mass loadings were 41 {mu}g/m{sup 3}. There was no practical difference in the aerosol specific activity between the three locations, however, which had a median value of 3.64 pCi/g (135 Bq/kg). The aerosol specific activity is enhanced by a factor of 3 over the specific activity of the processed contaminant soil. This is about the same enhancement factor as found by other studies of road traffic, bulldozing, and agricultural operations. Specific activity of processed soil was 1.35 pCi/g (50 Bq/kg). The median mass-loading of the three downwind sites was 109 {mu}g/m{sup 3} (uncorrected for the sea spray contribution), so that the median concentrations in air using the median aerosol specific activity was calculated to be 397 aCi/m{sup 3} (15 {mu}Bq/m{sup 3}). Measured Pu concentrations ranged from 280 to 1508 aCi/m{sup 3} (10 to 56 {mu}Bq/m3).

Shinn, J.H.; Fry, C.F.; Johnson, J.S.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Wave setup over a Pacific Island fringing reef O. Vetter,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Sargent [1948] based on visual observations at Bikini Atoll reef. More recent observations of wave setup

Boyer, Edmond

87

Midway-Moxee Rebuild and Midway-Grandview Upgrade  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource Program PreliminaryA3, 1999of Sciencemidway-moxee-rebuild Sign In

88

Hyperuricemia in the inhabitants of the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Annual medical examinations are conducted by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) for a population of Marshallese who were accidentally exposed to radioactive fallout in 1954, for a comparison population, and for all inhabitants of the atolls of Rongelap and Utirik. Disease surveillance includes analysis of serum samples. Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) levels are common along Pacific populations, and modifying environmental factors have been investigated as a cause for this finding. The authors have studied SUA levels of people living in the Marshall Islands, and have found elevated values similar to those reported for other Micronesian populations. The nearly Gaussian distribution of individual serum uric acid values for men, and for women less than or equal to45 years of age, indicates that the elevation is due to a regularized increase in serum uric acid rather than to a subpopulation that has pathologic hyperuricemia. The higher serum uric acid levels appear, therefore, to be normal for the Marshallese, a conclusion supported by the infrequency of clinical gout in the population tested.

Adams, W.H.; Harper, J.A.; Heotis, P.M.; Jamner, A.H.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Reactivation of an Idle Lease to Increase Heavy Oil Recovery through Application of Conventional Steam Drive Technology in a Low Dip Slope and Basin Reservoir in the Midway-Sunset Field, San Jaoquin Basin, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A previously idle portion of the Midway-Sunset field, the ARCO Western Energy Pru Fee property, is being brought back into commercial production through tight integration of geologic characterization, geostatistical modeling, reservoir simulation, and petroleum engineering. This property, shut-in over a decade ago as economically marginal using conventional cyclic steaming methods, has a 200-300 foot thick oil column in the Monarch Sand. However, the sand lacks effective steam barriers and has a thick water-saturation zone above the oil-water contact. These factors require an innovative approach to steam flood production design that will balance optimal total oil production against economically viable steam-oil ratios and production rates. The methods used in the Class III demonstration are accessible to most operators in the Midway-Sunset field and could be used to revitalize properties with declining production of heavy oils throughout the region. In January 1997 the project entered its second and main phase with the purpose of demonstrating whether steamflood can be a more effective mode of production of the heavy, viscous oils from the Monarch Sand reservoir than the more conventional cyclic steaming. The objective is not just to produce the pilot site within the Pru Fee property south of Taft, but to test which production parameters optimize total oil recovery at economically acceptable rates of production and production costs.

Steven Schamel

1998-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

90

COASTAL CHARTS Stock Number Title Scale =1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,000,000 81002 Caroline Islands-Westem Part (OMEGA) 1,000,000 81007 Bikini Atoll to Mili Atoll (OMEGA) 1

Russell, Lynn

91

Conservation Strategy for Sable Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a Conservation Strategy for Sable Island Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service, Atlantic Region #12;SABLE ISLAND CONSERVATION STRATEGY page - i March, 1998 A CONSERVATION STRATEGY FOR SABLE ISLAND PREPARED BY This Conservation Strategy for Sable Island was prepared for Environment Canada

Jones, Ian L.

92

Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rhode Island enacted legislation (HB 6222) in June 2011 to standardize the application process for the interconnection of customer-sited renewable-energy systems to the state’s distribution grid....

93

Forestry Policies (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rhode Island's forests cover over half of the state's land area, and are managed by the Department of Environmental Management, Division of Forest Environment. The State issued its "Forest...

94

Suitability of salt-gradient solar ponds for electrical power generation in the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Guam, and American Samoa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The procedures and findings of a study to assess the suitability of salt-gradient solar ponds for base-load (firm) electricity generation in the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), Guam and American Samoa are described. The general conclusion is that solar pond power plants (SPPPs) are viable both technically and economically for some applications, possibly including atolls. The most practical immediate application would be to small and intermediate power users such as villages and airports. It is recommended that (1) at least one small SPPP be built immediately on a dry land site such as for the main village on Peleliu, Palau, (considered in this report) or at other identified feasible sites, and (2) that a design study be conducted to adapt the technology to atoll sites. This study was carried out by first reviewing all available literature on solar ponds and the regions concerned. All the regions in question were visited. Several sites were selected for specific study and SPPP conceptual designs were developed for these sites. These sites are (1) North Peleliu, Palau, with (2) Peleliu airport as an auxiliary site, (3) Aimeliik, Palau, and (4) atoll environments. Cultural, political, environmental and legal considerations were given equal weight with technical and economic factors, and locally resident persons were used as interpreters and liaisons. There exists strong support in the government and the community to develop these proposed site-specific SPPPs and land is available. Power needs were defined, construction and operation costs were calculated and performance was predicted for the site-specific designs. The results of the Palau site-specific studies were generalized to other areas and environments in the TTPI, Guam and American Samoa. An economic analysis of the SPPP conceptual design developed for Palau was made using the discounted cash flow method.

McCord, T.B.; Bathen, K.H.; Boesgaard, H.; Fanale, F.P.; McCord, C.S.; Scudder, R.J.; Weeks, D.D.; Yuen, J.W.L.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Reactivation of an Idle Lease to Increase Heavy Oil Recovery through Application of Conventional Steam Drive Technology in a Low Dip Slope and Basin Reservoir in the Midway-Sunset Field, San Jaoquin Basin, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project reactivates ARCO's idle Pru Fee lease in the Midway-Sunset field, California and conducts a continuous steamflood enhanced oil recovery demonstration aided by an integration of modern reservoir characterization and simulation methods. Cyclic steaming was used to reestablish baseline production within the reservoir characterization phase of the project completed in December 1996. During the demonstration phase begun in January 1997, a continuous steamflood enhanced oil recovery is testing the incremental value of this method as an alternative to cyclic steaming. Other economically marginal Class III reservoirs having simular producibility problems will benefit from insight gained in this project. The objectives of the project are: (1) to return the shut-in portion of the reservoir to optimal commercial production; (2) to accurately describe the reservoir and recovery process; and (3) to convey the details of this activity to the domestic petroleum industry, especially t o other producers in California, through an aggressive technology transfer program.

Deo, M.; Forster, C.; Jenkins, C.; Schamel, S.; Sprinkel, D.; and Swain, R.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Reactivation of an Idle Lease to Increase Heavy Oil Recovery Through Application of Conventional Steam Drive Technology in a Low Dip Slope and Basin Resrvoir in the Midway-Sunset Field, San Jaoquin Basin, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project reactivates ARCO?s idle Pru Fee lease in the Midway-Sunset field, California and conducts a continuous steamflood enhanced oil recovery demonstration aided by an integration of modern reservoir characterization and simulation methods. Cyclic steaming is being used to reestablish baseline production within the reservoir characterization phase of the project. During the demonstration phase scheduled to begin in January 1997, a continuous steamflood enhanced oil recovery will be initiated to test the incremental value of this method as an alternative to cyclic steaming. Other economically marginal Class III reservoirs having similar producibility problems will benefit from insight gained in this project. The objectives of the project are: (1) to return the shut-in portion of the reservoir to optimal commercial production; (2) to accurately describe the reservoir and recovery process; and (3) to convey the details of this activity to the domestic petroleum industry, especially to other producers in California, through an aggressive technology transfer program.

Creties Jenkins; Doug Sprinkel; Milind Deo; Ray Wydrinski; Robert Swain

1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

97

Long Island Solar Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a remarkable success story, whereby very different interest groups found a way to capitalize on unusual circumstances to develop a mutually beneficial source of renewable energy. The uniqueness of the circumstances that were necessary to develop the Long Island Solar Farm make it very difficult to replicate. The project is, however, an unparalleled resource for solar energy research, which will greatly inform large-scale PV solar development in the East. Lastly, the LISF is a superb model for the process by which the project developed and the innovation and leadership shown by the different players.

Anders, R.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

The Shores of US Empire: Islands and Geographies of Historical Struggle in the Literary Imagination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1987. Friede, Eva. ?The Bikini Explosion. ? The Gazette.University Press. 1993. Kili/Bikini/Ejit Local GovernmentCouncil. ?Bikini Atoll. ? 22 Feb 2007

Scheese, Emily Ann

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

GREEN HOMES LONG ISLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy bill, reduce your carbon footprint... at little or no cost to you. #12;A Message From Supervisor energy-efficient and reduce our community's carbon footprint. Why do we call it Long Island Green Homes to yourevery day. By making basic improvements to yourevery day home, you can reduce your carbon footprint

Kammen, Daniel M.

100

Radiological dose assessments in the northern Marshall Islands (1989--1991)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is located in the central Pacific Ocean about 3500 km southwest of Hawaii and 4500 km east of Manila, Philippines. It consists of 34 atolls and 2 coral islands, having a total land area of about 180 km{sup 2}, distributed over more than 2.5 {times} 10{sup 6} of ocean. Between 1946 and 1958 the United states conducted nuclear tests there: 43 at Enewetak and 23 at Bikini. Thirty-three years after the cessation of nuclear testing in the RMI, the impact of these operations on the health and radiological safety of the people living in or planning to return to their contaminated homelands is still an important concern. The present Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Marshall Islands Radiological Safety Program (MIRSP) began in 1987 with funding from the US Department of Energy (DOE). The objectives of the MIRSP are to determine the radionuclides present in the bodies of those people potentially exposed to residual radionuclide from weapon tests and fallout, and to assess their present and lifetime dose from external and internal sources. Field bioassay missions involving whole-body counting (WBC) and urine sample collection have, therefore, been important components of the program. WBC is used to measure {gamma}-emitters, such as {sup 40}K, {sup 60}Co and {sup 137}Cs, present in individuals. Urine samples are used to measure {alpha} and {beta}-emitting nuclides such as {sup 239}Pu and {sup 90}Sr, that are undetectable by WBC routine methods.

Sun, L.C.; Meinhold, C.B.; Moorthy, A.R.; Clinton, J.H.; Kaplan, E.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Radiological dose assessments in the northern Marshall Islands (1989--1991). Revision  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is located in the central Pacific Ocean about 3500 km southwest of Hawaii and 4500 km east of Manila, Philippines. It consists of 34 atolls and 2 coral islands, having a total land area of about 180 km{sup 2}, distributed over more than 2.5 {times} 10{sup 6} of ocean. Between 1946 and 1958 the United states conducted nuclear tests there: 43 at Enewetak and 23 at Bikini. Thirty-three years after the cessation of nuclear testing in the RMI, the impact of these operations on the health and radiological safety of the people living in or planning to return to their contaminated homelands is still an important concern. The present Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Marshall Islands Radiological Safety Program (MIRSP) began in 1987 with funding from the US Department of Energy (DOE). The objectives of the MIRSP are to determine the radionuclides present in the bodies of those people potentially exposed to residual radionuclide from weapon tests and fallout, and to assess their present and lifetime dose from external and internal sources. Field bioassay missions involving whole-body counting (WBC) and urine sample collection have, therefore, been important components of the program. WBC is used to measure {gamma}-emitters, such as {sup 40}K, {sup 60}Co and {sup 137}Cs, present in individuals. Urine samples are used to measure {alpha} and {beta}-emitting nuclides such as {sup 239}Pu and {sup 90}Sr, that are undetectable by WBC routine methods.

Sun, L.C.; Meinhold, C.B.; Moorthy, A.R.; Clinton, J.H.; Kaplan, E.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Radiological dose assessments in the northern Marshall Islands (1989--1991)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is located in the central Pacific Ocean about 3500 km southeast of Hawaii and 4500 km east of Manila, Philippines. It consists of 34 atolls and 2 coral island, having a total land area of about 180 km{sup 2}, distributed over more than 2.5 {times} 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of ocean. Between 1946 and 1958 the United States conducted nuclear tests there: 43 at Enewetak and 23 at Bikini. Thirty-three years after the cessation of nuclear testing in the RMI, the impact of these operations on the health and radiological safety of the people living in or planing to return to their contaminated homelands is still an important concern. The present Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Marshall Islands Radiological Safety Program (MIRSP) began in 1987 with funding from the US Department of Energy (DOE). The objectives of the MIRSP are to determine the radionuclides present in the bodies of those people potentially exposed to residual radionuclide from weapon tests and fallout, and to assess their present and lifetime dose from external and internal sources. Field bioassay missions involving whole-body counting (WBC) and urine sample collection have, therefore, been important components of the program. WBC is used to measure {gamma}-emitters, such as {sup 40}K, {sup 60}Co and {sup 137}Cs, present in individuals. Urine samples are used to measure {alpha} and {beta}-emitting nuclides, such as {sup 239}Pu and {sup 90}Sr, that are undetectable by WBC routine methods. 6 refs.

Sun, L.C.; Meinhold, C.B.; Moorthy, A.R.; Clinton, J.H.; Kaplan, E.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Radiological dose assessments in the northern Marshall Islands (1989--1991). Revision  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is located in the central Pacific Ocean about 3500 km southeast of Hawaii and 4500 km east of Manila, Philippines. It consists of 34 atolls and 2 coral island, having a total land area of about 180 km{sup 2}, distributed over more than 2.5 {times} 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of ocean. Between 1946 and 1958 the United States conducted nuclear tests there: 43 at Enewetak and 23 at Bikini. Thirty-three years after the cessation of nuclear testing in the RMI, the impact of these operations on the health and radiological safety of the people living in or planing to return to their contaminated homelands is still an important concern. The present Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Marshall Islands Radiological Safety Program (MIRSP) began in 1987 with funding from the US Department of Energy (DOE). The objectives of the MIRSP are to determine the radionuclides present in the bodies of those people potentially exposed to residual radionuclide from weapon tests and fallout, and to assess their present and lifetime dose from external and internal sources. Field bioassay missions involving whole-body counting (WBC) and urine sample collection have, therefore, been important components of the program. WBC is used to measure {gamma}-emitters, such as {sup 40}K, {sup 60}Co and {sup 137}Cs, present in individuals. Urine samples are used to measure {alpha} and {beta}-emitting nuclides, such as {sup 239}Pu and {sup 90}Sr, that are undetectable by WBC routine methods. 6 refs.

Sun, L.C.; Meinhold, C.B.; Moorthy, A.R.; Clinton, J.H.; Kaplan, E.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Culturing revolution : the local Communists of China's Hainan Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One: Deserted Treasure Island……………………………………………….13 ChapterChapter One Deserted Treasure Island: The Social Ecology andIsolated Island/Treasure Island – Gudao / Baodao Social and

Murray, Jeremy Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Rhode Island Stormwater Design and Installation Standards Manual (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rhode Island's stormwater design and installation standards manual has been developed to describe mandatory and suggested stormwater design and performance criteria for applicants to the Department...

106

Minnesota Nuclear Profile - Prairie Island  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prairie Island" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

107

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2003 Ā­ August 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

108

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2003 Ā­ May 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

109

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2004 Ā­ August 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

110

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island December 1, 2003 Ā­ February 29, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

111

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2004 Ā­ May 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

112

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island September 1, 2003 Ā­ November 30, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

113

SURVEY OF THE FISHERIES FORMER JAPANESE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Kapingamarangi Atoll 25 E. Truk Islands .30 F. Palau Islands 39 1. Peleliu 39 2. Koror ' 39 3. Kayangel Islands 4

114

Galveston Island and erosion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. VITA 73 74 80 85 97 101 115 LIST OF TABLES Table Page 1. Ai rphoto Scale Determination with the Aid of a Base Map . . 16 2. Actual-vs-l4easured Photo Scale and Resulting Error 3. Tropical Cyclones Affecting the Texas Coast from 1952-1983... 17 64 4. Projected Sea-level Rise 72 5. Potential Sand Sources and Sinks for Galveston Island . . . . 80 Al. Vegetation-line Changes on West Beach from July 3, 1977 to September 22, 1983; Impact of Recent Storm Events AZ. Changes...

Bolleter, Jim Mason

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Islands in the landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The string theory landscape consists of many metastable de Sitter vacua, populated by eternal inflation. Tunneling between these vacua gives rise to a dynamical system, which asymptotically settles down to an equilibrium state. We investigate the effects of sinks to anti-de Sitter space, and show how their existence can change probabilities in the landscape. Sinks can disturb the thermal occupation numbers that would otherwise exist in the landscape and may cause regions that were previously in thermal contact to be divided into separate, thermally isolated islands.

T. Clifton; Andrei Linde; Navin Sivanandam

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

116

Nauru Island Effect Study  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andDataNational Library of1, 2007 (nextNauru Island Effect Study S. A.

117

Thematic Review Conservation of Biodiversity on Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thematic Review Conservation of Biodiversity on Islands: The contribution of the United Kingdom............................................................................................. 11 3. THE BIODIVERSITY OF ISLANDS INVOLVED WITH DI PROJECTS ........................................................................................... 49 6. THE DARWIN INITIATIVE'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE CBD'S ISLAND BIODIVERSITY PROGRAMME OF WORK

118

Small-Scale Solar Grants (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (RIEDC) provides incentives for renewable-energy projects. Incentive programs are funded by the Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) and...

119

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) | OSTI...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) Re-direct Destination: The Island Energy Playbook (the Playbook) provides an action-oriented guide to successfully initiating,...

120

Seeking Signals in the Sea: Recollections of the Marine Physical Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Marshall Islands and Bikini Atoll in particular. All theof one of the islands of Bikini Atoll: a huge bonfIre, beer,in the lagoon, unlike Bikini during Mid-Pac, where we were

Shor, Elizabeth N

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

7.21 Genus Cyphastrea 7.21.1 Cyphastrea agassizi Vaughan, 1907  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Japan, Hawai`i, and the Solomon Islands. Cyphastrea agassizi is also found in Bikini Atoll (Richards et

122

EIS-0006: Wind Turbine Generator System, Block Island, Rhode Island  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy prepared this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of installing and operating a large experimental wind turbine, designated the MOD-OA, which is proposed to be installed on a knoll in Rhode Island's New Meadow Hill Swamp, integrated with the adjacent Block Island Power Company power plant and operated to supply electricity to the existing utility network.

123

Long Island Solar Farm Project Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long Island Solar Farm #12;Project Overview The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a 32-megawatt. Project Developer/Owner/Operator: Long Island Solar Farm, LLC (BP Solar & MetLife) Purchaser of Power and construct arrays ~ 2 years of output (88,000 MWh equivalent) Long Island Solar Farm #12;Other Pollutants

Ohta, Shigemi

124

Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

323 Chapter 10 Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine Introduction In this chapter we build on the observation that island economies, and especially small ones (population below one of development strategies. Common elements of "islandness" may serve to define island economies as a general

Paris-Sud XI, UniversitƩ de

125

Climate Action Plan (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In the fall of 2001, the Department of Environmental Management (DEM), the RI State Energy Office (SEO), and the Governor's office convened the Rhode Island Greenhouse Gas Stakeholder Project in...

126

Pacific Islands Region News Release  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Islands Region News Release Contact: Wende Goo FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 808-721-4098 May 27 of these unique twins by contributing more than 100 hours of work to construct a holding pen for the young seal

127

Island Cosmology in the Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the eternally inflationary background driven by the metastable vacua of the landscape, it is possible that some local quantum fluctuations with the null energy condition violation can be large enough to stride over the barriers among different vacua, so that create some islands full of radiation in new vacua, and then these emergently thermalized islands will enter into the evolution of standard big bang cosmology. In this paper, we calculate the spectrum of curvature perturbation generated during the emergence of island. We find that generally the spectrum obtained is nearly scale invariant, which can be well related to that of slow roll inflation by a simple duality. This in some sense suggests a degeneracy between their scalar spectra. In addition, we also simply estimate the non-Gaussianity of perturbation, which is naturally large, yet, can lie well in the observational bound. The results shown here indicate that the island emergently thermalized in the landscape can be consistent with our observable universe.

Yun-Song Piao

2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

128

The Long Island Solar Farm  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In November 2011, a utility-scale solar array became operational in the most unlikely of places: at Brookhaven National Laboratory on densely populated Long Island, New York. Now the largest...

129

Chikurachki volcano (Kurile Islands, Russia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chikurachki volcano (Kurile Islands, Russia) the unique volcano with frequent basaltic plinian-Kamchatsky, Russia #12;#12;Historical eruptions of Chikurachki Year 1853-59 1958 1961 1964 1973 1986 2002 Column

Belousov, Alexander

130

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 105, NO. B4, PAGES 8173 8191, APRIL 10, 2000 Size and depth of ancient magma reservoirs under atolls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gal. Negative residual anomalies over four islands probably correspond either to limestone deposits data derived from satellite altimetry and shipborne gravimeters. Residual isostatic anomalies were of the volcanoes. Twenty of the 25 islands yield a positive residual anomaly, ranging between 9 and 60 m

Clouard, Valerie

131

Radionuclide characterization and associated dose from long-lived radionuclides in close-in fallout delivered to the marine environment at Bikini and Enewetak Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Between June 1946 and October 1958, Enewetak and Bikini Atolls were used by the United States as testing grounds for 66 nuclear devices. The combined explosive yield from these tests was 107 Mt (Mt TNT equivalents). This testing produced close-in fallout debris that was contaminated with quantities of radioactive fission and particle activated products, and unspent radioactive nuclear fuel that entered the aquatic environment of the atolls. Today, the sediments in the lagoons are reservoirs for 10's of TBq of the transuranics and some long-lived fission and activation products. The larger amounts of contamination are associated with fine and coarse sediment material adjacent to the locations of the high yield explosions. Radionuclides are also distributed vertically in the sediment column to various depths in all regions of the lagoons. Concentrations greater than fallout background levels are found in filtered water sampled over several decades from all locations and depths in the lagoons. This is a direct indication that the radionuclides are continuously mobilized to solution from the solid phases. Of particular importance is the fact that the long-lived radionuclides are accumulated to different levels by indigenous aquatic plants and organisms that are used as food by resident people. One might anticipate finding continuous high contamination levels in many of the edible marine organisms from the lagoons, since the radionuclides associated with the sediments are not contained and are available to the different organisms in a relatively shallow water environment. This is not the case. We estimate that the radiological dose from consumption of the edible parts of marine foods at Enewetak and Bikini is presently about 0.05% of the total 50-year integral effective dose from all other exposure pathways that include ingestion of terrestrial foods and drinking water, external exposure and inhalation. The total radiological dose from the marine pathway is dominated by the natural radionuclides, {sup 210}Po and {sup 210}Pb. Man-made radionuclides presently contribute less than 0.3% of the dose from these natural radionuclides in the marine food chain.

Noshkin, V. E.; Robison, W. L.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Sediment studies at Bikini Atoll part 3. Inventories of some long-lived gamma-emitting radionuclides associated with lagoon surface sediments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface sediment samples were collected during 1979 from 87 locations in the lagoon at Bikini Atoll. The collections were made to better define the concentrations and distribution of long-lived radionuclides associated with the bottom material and to show what modifications occurred to the composition of the surface sediment from the nuclear testing program conducted by the United States at the Atoll between 1946 and 1958. This is the last of three reports on Bikini sediment studies. In this report, we discuss the concentrations and inventories of the residual long-lived gamma-emitting radionuclides in sediments from the lagoon. The gamma-emitting radionuclides detected most frequently in sediments collected in 1979, in addition to Americium-241 ({sup 241}Am) (discussed in the second report of this series), included Cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs), Bismuth-207 ({sup 207}Bi), Europium-155 ({sup 155}Eu), and Cobalt-60 ({sup 60}Co). Other man-made, gamma-emitting radionuclides such as Europium-152,154 ({sup 152,154}Eu), Antimony-125 ({sup 125}Sb), and Rhodium-101,102m ({sup 101,102m}Rh) were occasionally measured above detection limits in sediments near test site locations. The mean inventories for {sup 137}Cs, {sup 207}Ei, {sup 155}Eu, and {sup 60}Co in the surface 4 cm of the lagoon sediment to be 1.7, 0.56, 7.76, and 0.74 TBq, respectively. By June 1997, radioactive decay would reduce these values to 1.1, 0.38, 0.62, and 0.07 TBq, respectively. Some additional loss results from a combination of different processes that continuously mobilize and return some amount of the radionuclides to the water column. The water and dissolved constituents are removed from the lagoon through channels and exchange with the surface waters of the north equatorial Pacific Ocean. Highest levels of these radionuclides are found in surface deposits lagoonward of the Bravo Crater. Lowest concentrations and inventories are associated with sediment lagoonward of the eastern reef. The quantities in the 0-4 cm surface layer are estimated to be less than 35% of the total inventory to depth in the sediment column.

Noshkin, V.E.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource Program PreliminaryA3, 1999of Science

134

Site response at Treasure and Yerba Buena Islands, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

array at the Treasure Island Naval Station. ’’ Loma Prietadamage in Oakland, Treasure Island, and San Francisco. ’’C. H. ?1969?. ‘‘Treasure Island ?ll. ’’ Bay mud developments

Baise, L G; Glaser, Steven D; Dreger, D

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Estimates of the radiological dose to people living on Bikini Island for two weeks while diving in and around the sunken ships in Bikini Lagoon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bikini Island and Bikini Lagoon were contaminated by fallout from nuclear weapons tests conducted at the atoll by the United States from 1946 to 1958. The second test, Baker, of the Crossroads series was an underwater detonation in 1946 that sank several ships in the lagoon, including the USS Saratoga and the Japanese battleship Nagato. The ships received high-intensity gamma-ray and neutron bombardment from the Baker test, which induced radioactivity in the metal structures. Some of the tests conducted after the Baker shot (there were 21 tests in all) injected contaminated carbonate particles into the air, some of which were deposited across the lagoon surface. Most of this contaminated soil then settled onto the ships' decks and other structures and on the lagoon bottom. These sunken ships provide an interesting location for divers. Recreational diving and swimming in and around the ships raises the question of the potential radiological dose from the radionuclides present in or on the ships and in the lagoon sediments. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to present an analysis of the potential radiological dose to persons who would dive near the sunken ships and live on Bikini Island for a short period of time.

Robison, W.L.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Estimates of the radiological dose to people living on Bikini Island for two weeks while diving in and around the sunken ships in Bikini Lagoon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bikini Island and Bikini Lagoon were contaminated by fallout from nuclear weapons tests conducted at the atoll by the United States from 1946 to 1958. The second test, Baker, of the Crossroads series was an underwater detonation in 1946 that sank several ships in the lagoon, including the USS Saratoga and the Japanese battleship Nagato. The ships received high-intensity gamma-ray and neutron bombardment from the Baker test, which induced radioactivity in the metal structures. Some of the tests conducted after the Baker shot (there were 21 tests in all) injected contaminated carbonate particles into the air, some of which were deposited across the lagoon surface. Most of this contaminated soil then settled onto the ships` decks and other structures and on the lagoon bottom. These sunken ships provide an interesting location for divers. Recreational diving and swimming in and around the ships raises the question of the potential radiological dose from the radionuclides present in or on the ships and in the lagoon sediments. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to present an analysis of the potential radiological dose to persons who would dive near the sunken ships and live on Bikini Island for a short period of time.

Robison, W.L.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

REAP Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hosted by Renewable Energy Alaska Project, this three-day conference will show attendees how to learn, network, and share information on wind systems in island and islanded grid environments through expert panel discussions, stakeholder dialogue, and training.

138

Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rhode Island's Public Utilities Restructuring Act of 1996 created the nation's first public benefits fund (PBF) for renewable energy and demand-side management (DSM). The Rhode Island Renewable...

139

Coastal mesoscale changes on Matagorda Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the coastal geomorphology of Matagorda Island. Based on the statistical and morphometric analysis of the coastal landforms, the island was divided into three distinct sub-environments: an erosional eastern zone, a transitional mixed zone, and a depositional...

Lariscy, Kevin William

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Southern California Channel Islands Bibliography, through 1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollution San Nicolas Island Atmospheric Sciences/Meteorology/Nuclear Science/Radioactivity/Atmospheric Sciences/Radioactivity/Radioactive Wastes/pollution/

Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Islands and Our Renewable Energy Future (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Only US Laboratory Dedicated Solely to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. High Contribution Renewables in Islanded Power Systems.

Baring-Gould, I.; Gevorgian, V.; Kelley, K.; Conrad, M.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Mass Wasting in the Western Galapagos Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Hawaiian Islands, the western Galapagos Islands appear to be characterized by small slump sheets existing along the steep shallow submarine flanks of the island and by debris flows that are flanked by rift zones and extend off the platform. This study...

Hall, Hillary

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

143

Close Encounters Treasure Island: Sequencing Moorea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Close Encounters Also... Treasure Island: Sequencing Moorea Devon Zagory on Food Safety College Features 12 CLOSE ENCOUNTERS by Claire Cain Miller Passing earth science to the next generation 20 TREASURE ISLAND by Erika Check Barcoding CNR's island research station Departments 2 L

Wildermuth, Mary C

144

University of Washington`s radioecological studies in the Marshall Islands, 1946-1977  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1946, personnel from the School of Fisheries, University of Washington, have studied the effects of nuclear detonations and the ensuing radioactivity on the marine and terrestrial environments throughout the Central Pacific. A collection of reports and publications about these activities plus a collection of several thousand samples from these periods are kept at the School of Fisheries. General findings from the surveys show that (1) fission products were prevalent in organisms of the terrestrial environment whereas activation products were prevalent in marine organisms; (2) the best biological indicators of fallout radionuclides by environments were (a) terrestrial-coconuts, land crabs; (b) reef-algae, invertebrates; and (c) marine-plankton, fish. Studies of plutonium and americium in Bikini Atoll showed that during 1971-1977 the highest concentrations of {sup 241}Am, 2.85 Bq g-{close_quote} (77 pCi g{sup -1}) and {sup 239,240}Pu, 4.44 Bq g{sup -1} (120 pCi g{sup -1}), in surface sediments were found in the northwest part of the lagoon. The concentrations in the bomb craters were substantially lower than these values. Concentrations of soluble and particulate plutonium and americium in surface and deep water samples showed distributions similar to the sediment samples. That is, the highest concentration of these radionuclides in the water column were at locations with highest sediment concentration. Continuous circulation of water in the lagoon and exchange of water with open ocean resulted in removal of 111 G Bq y{sup -1} (3 Ci y{sup -1}) {sup 241}Am and 222 G Bq y{sup -1} (6 Ci y{sup -1}) {sup 239,240}Pu into the North Equatorial Current. A summary of the surveys, findings, and the historical role of the Laboratory in radioecological studies of the Marshall Islands are presented. 23 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Donaldson, L.R.; Seymour, A.H.; Nevissi, A.E. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Constructing a Merged Cloud-Precipitation Radar Dataset for Tropical Convective Clouds during the DYNAMO/AMIE Experiment at Addu Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To improve understanding of the convective processes key to the Madden-Julian-Oscillation (MJO) initiation, the Dynamics of the MJO (DYNAMO) and Atmospheric Radiation Measurement MJO Investigation Experiment (AMIE) collected four months of observations from three radars, the S-band Polarization Radar (S-Pol), the C-band Shared Mobile Atmospheric Research & Teaching Radar (SMART-R), and Ka-band Zenith Radar (KAZR) on Addu Atoll in the tropical Indian Ocean. This study compares the measurements from the S-Pol and SMART-R to those from the more sensitive KAZR in order to characterize the hydrometeor detection capabilities of the two scanning precipitation radars. Frequency comparisons for precipitating convective clouds and non-precipitating high clouds agree much better than non-precipitating low clouds for both scanning radars due to issues in ground clutter. On average, SMART-R underestimates convective and high cloud tops by 0.3 to 1.1 km, while S-Pol underestimates cloud tops by less than 0.4 km for these cloud types. S-Pol shows excellent dynamic range in detecting various types of clouds and therefore its data are well suited for characterizing the evolution of the 3D cloud structures, complementing the profiling KAZR measurements. For detecting non-precipitating low clouds and thin cirrus clouds, KAZR remains the most reliable instrument. However, KAZR is attenuated in heavy precipitation and underestimates cloud top height due to rainfall attenuation 4.3% of the time during DYNAMO/AMIE. An empirical method to correct the KAZR cloud top heights is described, and a merged radar dataset is produced to provide improved cloud boundary estimates, microphysics and radiative heating retrievals.

Feng, Zhe; McFarlane, Sally A.; Schumacher, Courtney; Ellis, Scott; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Bharadwaj, Nitin

2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

146

National Park Service- San Miguel Island, California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

San Miguel Island is one of five islands that make up Channel Islands National Park on the coast of southern California. The islands comprise 249,353 acres (100,910 hectares) of land and ocean that teems with terrestrial and marine life. The National Park Service (NPS) protects the pristine resources at Channel Islands National Park by conserving, recycling, using alternative fuel vehicles, applying renewable energy, and using resources wisely. It also seeks to replace conventional fuels with renewable energy wherever possible. This applies especially to diesel fuel and petroleum, which must be shipped in from the mainland to generate electricity.

147

Magnetic island evolution in hot ion plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effects of finite ion temperature on magnetic island evolution are studied by means of numerical simulations of a reduced set of two-fluid equations which include ion as well as electron diamagnetism in slab geometry. The polarization current is found to be almost an order of magnitude larger in hot than in cold ion plasmas, due to the strong shear of ion velocity around the separatrix of the magnetic islands. As a function of the island width, the propagation speed decreases from the electron drift velocity (for islands thinner than the Larmor radius) to values close to the guiding-center velocity (for islands of order 10 times the Larmor radius). In the latter regime, the polarization current is destabilizing (i.e., it drives magnetic island growth). This is in contrast to cold ion plasmas, where the polarization current is generally found to have a healing effect on freely propagating magnetic island.

Ishizawa, A.; Nakajima, N. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan); Waelbroeck, F. L.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Horton, W. [Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

Floating Cities, Islands and States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many small countries are in need of additional territory. They build landfills and expensive artificial islands. The ocean covers 71 per cent of the Earth surface. Those countries (or persons of wealth) starting the early colonization of the ocean may obtain advantages through additional territory or creating their own independent state. An old idea is building a big ship. The best solution to this problem, however, is the provision of floating cities, islands, and states. The author idea is to use for floating cities, islands, and states a cheap floating platform created from a natural ice field taken from the Arctic or Antarctic oceans. These cheap platforms protected by air-film (bottom and sides) and a conventional insulating cover (top) and having a cooling system can exist for an unlimited time. They can be increased in number or size at any time, float in warm oceans, travel to different continents and countries, serve as artificial airports, harbors and other marine improvements, as well as floating c...

Bolonkin, Alexander

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Measurements of Plutonium in Sediment and Seawater from the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the summer 2000, I was given the opportunity to work for about three months as a technical trainee at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, or LLNL as I will refer to it hereafter. University of California runs this Department of Energy laboratory, which is located 70 km east of San Francisco, in the small city of Livermore. This master thesis in Radioecology is based on the work I did here. LLNL, as a second U.S.-facility for development of nuclear weapons, was built in Livermore in the beginning of the 1950's (Los Alamos in New Mexico was the other one). It has since then also become a 'science center' for a number of areas like magnetic and laser fusion energy, non-nuclear energy, biomedicine, and environmental science. The Laboratory's mission has changed over the years to meet new national needs. The following two statements were found on the homepage of LLNL (http://www.llnl.gov), at 2001-03-05, where also information about the laboratory and the scientific projects that takes place there, can be found. 'Our primary mission is to ensure that the nation's nuclear weapons remain safe, secure, and reliable and to prevent the spread and use of nuclear weapons worldwide'. 'Our goal is to apply the best science and technology to enhance the security and well-being of the nation and to make the world a safer place.' The Marshall Islands Dose Assessment and Radioecology group at the Health and Ecological Assessments division employed me, and I also worked to some extent with the Centre for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (CAMS) group. The work I did at LLNL can be divided into two parts. In the first part Plutonium (Pu) measurements in sediments from the Rongelap atoll in Marshall Islands, using Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) were done. The method for measuring these kinds of samples is well understood at LLNL since soil samples have been measured with AMS for Pu in the past. Therefore it was the results that were of main interest and not the technique. The second part was to take advantage of AMS's very high sensitivity by measure the Pu-concentrations in small volumes (0.04-1 L) of seawater. The technique for using AMS at Pu-measurements in seawater is relatively new and the main task for me was to find out a method that could work in practice. The area where the sediment samples and the water samples were collected are high above background levels for many radionuclides, including Pu, because of the detonation of the nuclear bomb code-named Castle Bravo, in 1954.

Leisvik, M; Hamilton, T

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Pathogenicity island mobility and gene content.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Key goals towards national biosecurity include methods for analyzing pathogens, predicting their emergence, and developing countermeasures. These goals are served by studying bacterial genes that promote pathogenicity and the pathogenicity islands that mobilize them. Cyberinfrastructure promoting an island database advances this field and enables deeper bioinformatic analysis that may identify novel pathogenicity genes. New automated methods and rich visualizations were developed for identifying pathogenicity islands, based on the principle that islands occur sporadically among closely related strains. The chromosomally-ordered pan-genome organizes all genes from a clade of strains; gaps in this visualization indicate islands, and decorations of the gene matrix facilitate exploration of island gene functions. A %E2%80%9Clearned phyloblocks%E2%80%9D method was developed for automated island identification, that trains on the phylogenetic patterns of islands identified by other methods. Learned phyloblocks better defined termini of previously identified islands in multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC BAA-2146, and found its only antibiotic resistance island.

Williams, Kelly Porter

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A signature for turbulence driven magnetic islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of magnetic islands arising from tearing instabilities that are driven by an interchange turbulence. We find that such islands possess a specific signature that permits an identification of their origin. We demonstrate that the persistence of a small scale turbulence maintains a mean pressure profile, whose characteristics makes it possible to discriminate between turbulence driven islands from those arising due to an unfavourable plasma current density gradient. We also find that the island poloidal turnover time, in the steady state, is independent of the levels of the interchange and tearing energy sources. Finally, we show that a mixing length approach is adequate to make theoretical predictions concerning island flattening in the island rotation frame.

Agullo, O.; Muraglia, M.; Benkadda, S. [Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, PIIM, UMR 7345 Marseille (France); France-Japan Magnetic Fusion Laboratory, LIA 336 CNRS, Marseille (France); Poyé, A. [Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, CEA, CELIA (Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications), UMR 5107, F-33405 Talence (France); Yagi, M. [Plasma Theory and Simulation Gr., JAEA, Rokkasho (Japan); Garbet, X. [IRFM, CEA, St-Paul-Lez-Durance 13108 (France); Sen, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

EA-1951: Midway-Moxee Rebuild and Midway-Grandview Upgrade Transmission  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit ServicesMirant PotomacFinal1935: FinalDraft EnvironmentalEA-1949:FinalLine,

153

Two-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry: I -Isolated islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that there be zero net electromagnetic force acting on the island. Finally, the ion polarization current correction determination of the island phase-velocity, and the calculation of the ion and electron fluid flow profiles

Fitzpatrick, Richard

154

Pennsylvania Nuclear Profile - Three Mile Island  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Three Mile Island" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

155

Southern California Channel Islands Bibliography, through 1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

atmospheres/Radioactive isotopes/Air/Sampling/Monitoring/Atmospheric chemistry/Radon 222/San Nicolas Island/Atmospheric Sciences/Radioactivity/Radioactive Wastes/pollution/

Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

During Nauru99 it was noted that the island was producing small clouds that advected over the ARM site. The Nauru Island Effect Study was run for 1.5 years and the methodology developed to detect the occurrence. Nauru ACRF downwelling SW, wind direction, and air temperature data are used, along with downwelling SW data from Licor radiometers located on the southern end of the island near the airport landing strip. A statistical analysis and comparison of data from the two locations is used to detect the likely occurrence of an island influence on the Nauru ACRF site data

Long, Chuck

157

ANNUAL WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANNUAL WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2002 Ā­ February 28, 2003 Prepared.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

158

WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Parking Lot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Parking Lot May 1, 2003 Ā­ July 15, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 7 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 7 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

159

WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Outfall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Outfall August 18, 2003 Ā­ December 4, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 7 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 7 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

160

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) | OSTI...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) Re-direct Destination: Temp Data Fields Not Available Temp Data Storage 3: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Three Mile Island: then and now  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 accident is presented. Current activities to clean up the reactor are described.

Trauger, D.B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Northern Mariana Islands - Territory Energy Profile Overview...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

islands of Pagan and Saipan - unique in Micronesia in having abundant geothermal energy potential, and CNMI has excellent resources for both wind and solar power. CNMI enacted a...

163

Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation, Ascention Island, South...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interpretation, Ascention Island, South Atlantic Ocean Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation,...

164

Reactivation of an idle lease to increase heavy oil recovery through application of conventional steam drive technology in a low dip slope and basin reservoir in the Midway-Sunset field, San Jaoquin Basin, California. Annual report, June 13, 1995--June 13, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project reactivates ARCO`s idle Pru Fee lease in the Midway-Sunset field, California and conducts a continuous steamflood enhanced oil recovery demonstration aided by an integration of modern reservoir characterization and simulation methods. Cyclic steaming is being used to reestablish baseline production within the reservoir characterization phase of the project. During the demonstration phase scheduled to begin in January 1997, a continuous steamflood enhanced oil recovery will be initiated to test the incremental value of this method as an alternative to cyclic steaming. Other economically marginal Class III reservoirs having similar producibility problems will benefit from insight gained in this project. The objectives of the project are: (1) to return the shut-in portion of the reservoir to optimal commercial production; (2) to accurately describe the reservoir and recovery process; and (3) to convey the details of this activity to the domestic petroleum industry, especially to other producers in California, through an aggressive technology transfer program.

Deo, M.; Jenkins, C.; Sprinkel, D.; Swain, R.; Wydrinski, R.; Schamel, S.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Morphological barrier island changes and recovery of dunes after Hurricane Dennis, St. George Island, Florida  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the barrier island are analyzed, along with the short-term post-storm recovery of secondary dunes. ResultsMorphological barrier island changes and recovery of dunes after Hurricane Dennis, St. George September 2009 Keywords: Dune recovery LiDAR Overwash Hurricane Dennis Barrier island During the summer

Fagherazzi, Sergio

166

HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT THREE MILE ISLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island (Fabrikant,Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. (Fahrikant,Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. (Fabrikant,

Fabrikant, J.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

YOU ARE CORDIALLY INVITED 2011 Long Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and success of the green industry on Long Island. Thanks to Fred Soviero, this year's Leader's Forum, country sausage, seasoned potatoes, coffee, tea, and assorted fruit juices. Following breakfast, the two, and announcements to New York's green industry. Thanks to the Friends of Long Island Horticulture and the NSLGA

Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

168

Biofuel Feedstock Inter-Island Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuel Feedstock Inter-Island Transportation Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office agency thereof. #12;A Comparison of Hawaii's Inter-Island Maritime Transportation of Solid Versus Liquid of Honolulu Advertiser ISO Tank Container, courtesy of Hawaii Intermodal Tank Transport Petroleum products

169

Island-finding ability of marine turtles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the equatorial Atlantic. To test the hypothesis that turtles use wind-borne cues to locate Ascension Island we back to the island. These find- ings strongly support the hypothesis that wind-borne cues are used that hatch- ling loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) have the ability to perceive the inclination

Hays, Graeme

170

Observation of energetic electrons within magnetic islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that energetic electron fluxes peak at sites of compressed density within islands, which imposes a new constraintLETTERS Observation of energetic electrons within magnetic islands L.-J. CHEN1 *, A. BHATTACHARJEE1, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA 2 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2

Loss, Daniel

171

amchitka island alaska: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MA August 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Island for the month of August...

172

adak island alaska: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MA August 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Island for the month of August...

173

akutan island alaska: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MA August 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Island for the month of August...

174

The Biogeography of Globally Threatened Seabirds and Island Conservation Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and North Islands, Hispaniola, etc. ). The conservation ofand North Islands, Hispaniola, etc. ). The conservation ofGreater Antilles (Hispaniola) Lesser Antilles Galapagos

Spatz, Dena R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Power Plant Options Report for Thompson Island prepared by the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

....................................................................... 2 2.2. Thompson Island electric load.......................................................................... 4 2.3. Thompson Island heating load....................................................................... 7 3. Grid-connected and Autonomous Renewable Power Systems ................................ 9 3

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

176

Energy Transformation in the U.S. Virgin Islands | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

About Us Initiatives & Projects Energy Transition Initiative Energy Transformation in the U.S. Virgin Islands Energy Transformation in the U.S. Virgin Islands Click on the...

177

Bainbridge Island Summary of Reported Data | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Summary of Reported Data Bainbridge Island Summary of Reported Data Summary of data for Bainbridge Island, a partner in the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings...

178

Commercial-Scale Renewable-Energy Grants (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (RIEDC) provides incentives for renewable-energy projects. Incentive programs are funded by the Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) and...

179

Emergently Thermalized Islands in the Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this note, we point out that in the eternal inflation driven by the metastable vacua of the landscape, it might be possible that some large and local quantum fluctuations with the null energy condition violation can stride over the barriers between different vacua and straightly create some islands with radiation and matter in new vacua. Then these thermalized islands will evolve with the standard cosmology. We show that such islands may be consistent with our observable universe, while has some distinctly observable signals, which may be tested in coming observations.

Yun-Song Piao

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

180

Energy Audits on Prince Edward Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High energy costs and uncertain supplies force industrial operators to seek out energy waste to keep costs down. The Enersave for Industry and Commerce program assists Prince Edward Island industries through an energy audit and grant program. A...

Hall, N. G.; Gillis, D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

US Virgin Islands renewable energy future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The US Virgin Islands must face drastic changes to its electrical system. There are two problems with electricity production in the USVI-it's dirty and it's expensive. Nearly one hundred percent of the electricity in these ...

Oldfield, Brian (Brian K.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Solar School Program in Reunion Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system efficiency. In Réunion Island, the industrial engineering laboratory is involved in the regional solar school program. Its aim is to gather some local construction actors (city technical offices, architects, civil engineers, specialized university...

David, M.; Adelard, L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

CAYMAN ISLANDS National Biodiversity Action Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

down to us by those who went before, the natural wealth and beauty which is ours. John F. Kennedy environment for the Cayman Islands. CH2M Hill "Study on the Provision of Construction Aggregate and Fill

Exeter, University of

184

Bainbridge Island Data Dashboard | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The data dashboard for Bainbridge Island, a partner in the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program. bban0003805pmcdashboardy13-q3.xls More Documents...

185

Metromorphosis : evolution on the urban island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cities are very much alive. Like islands, they provide a natural testing ground for evolution. With more than half of the world's population living in urban areas now, the influence cities have on the planet's life is ...

Vezina, Kenrick (Kenrick Freitas)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

N. Mariana Islands- Renewables Portfolio Standard  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands enacted its Renewables Portfolio Standard in September 2007, in which a certain percentage of its net electricity sales must come from renewable...

187

Macroalgal distribution at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the reef community, macroalgae have been increasing in abundance on the reefs surrounding Lee Stocking Island (LSI), Bahamas. Macroalgal patches prevent coral recruitment and growth, thereby restructuring the reef. In such cases, coral and algal...

Roberts, Jill Christie

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Rhode Island as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific...

189

11 Life on Herbert Island (part 2)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 11 Length of track 45 minutes Title of track Life on Herbert Island (part 2) Translation...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

190

13 Life on Herbert Island (part 3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 13 Length of track 30 minutes Title of track Life on Herbert Island (part 3) Translation...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

191

12 Life on Herbert Island (part 1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 12 Length of track 1 hour 35 minutes Title of track Life on Herbert Island (part 1...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

192

DYER ISLAND CONSERVATION TRUST LETTER OF CONCERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..........................................................................................................................8 4 GENERAL POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF THE NPS ON THE MARINE ENVIRONMENTDYER ISLAND CONSERVATION TRUST LETTER OF CONCERN ASSOCIATED WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NUCLEAR....................................................................................................................................6 3 THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT SURROUNDING BANTAMSKLIP

de Villiers, Marienne

193

U.S. Virgin Islands- Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In February 2007, the U.S. Virgin Islands Public Services Commission approved a limited net-metering program for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV), wind-energy or other renewable energy...

194

Snakes of the Lake ErieSnakes of the Lake Erie IslandsIslands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and were modified by human activities suchand were modified by human activities such as quarrying and farmingas quarrying and farming #12;Attempts were made to eradicate snakes from the islands #12;#12;...and;Ā· Found throughout Ohio Ā· Locally found in the quarries of Kelleys island and on the shoreline of Johnson

King, Richard B.

195

Reactivation of an idle lease to increase heavy oil recovery through application of conventional steam drive technology in a low dip slope and basin reservoir in the Midway-Sunset field, San Joaquin Basin, California. [Quarterly report], June 14, 1995--September 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project will reactivate ARCO`s idle Pru Fee lease in the Midway-Sunset field, California and conduct a continuous steamflood enhanced oil recovery demonstration aided by an integration of modern reservoir characterization and simulation methods. Cyclic steaming will be used to re-establish baseline production within the reservoir characterization phase of the project. During the demonstration phase, a continuous steamflood enhanced oil recover will be initiated to test the incremental value of this method as an alternative to cyclic steaming. Other economically marginal Class III reservoirs having similar producibility problems will benefit from insight gained in this project. The objectives of the project are: (1) to return the shut-in portion of the reservoir to commercial production; (2) to accurately describe the reservoir and recovery process; and (3) to convey the details of this activity to the domestic petroleum industry, especially to other producers in California, through an aggressive technology transfer program. A summary of technical progress covers: geological and reservoir characterization, and reservoir simulation.

Schamel, S.

1996-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

196

Reactivation of an idle lease to increase heavy oil recovery through application of conventional steam drive technology in a low dip slope and basin reservoir in the Midway-Sunset field, San Joaquin basin, California. Quarterly report, January 1--March 31, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project will reactivate ARCO`s idle Pru Fee lease in the Midway-Sunset field, California and conduct a continuous steamflood enhanced oil recovery demonstration aided by an integration of modern reservoir characterization and simulation methods. The objectives of the project are: (1) to return the shut-in portion of the reservoir to commercial production; (2) to accurately describe the reservoir and recovery process; and (3) convey the details of this activity to the domestic petroleum industry, especially to other producers in California, through an aggressive technology transfer program. The producibility problems initially thought to be responsible for the low recovery in the Pru Fee property are: (a) the shallow dip of the bedding; (b) complex reservoir structure, (c) thinning pay zone; and (d) the presence of bottom water. The project is using tight integration of reservoir characterization and simulation modeling to evaluate the magnitude of and alternative solutions to these problems. Two main activities were brought to completion during the first quarter of 1996: (1) lithologic and petrophysical description of the core taken form the new well Pru 101 near the center of the demonstration site and (2) development of a stratigraphic model for the Pru Fee project area. In addition, the first phase of baseline cyclic steaming of the Pru Fee demonstration site was continued with production tests and formation temperature monitoring.

Schamel, S.

1996-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

197

E-Print Network 3.0 - archipelago french polynesia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

magma reservoirs under atolls and islands of French Polynesia using gravity data Val erie Clouard... francaise, Papeete, Tahiti, French Polynesia Hans G. Barsczus,1 GBE - UMR...

198

Excerpt from Militarized Currents: Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

She demonstrates how the Marshallese term "bikini" andimages of bikini- clad female bod- ies function to obscurenuclear devastation in Bikini Atoll, the Marshall Islands,

Shigematsu, Setsu; Camacho, Keith L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Photovoltaic applications for remote-island needs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric power supply options available to many of the central and south Pacific island governments are severely constrained by remoteness, limited infrastructures, a corrosive natural environment, and the high delivered costs of many conventional energy sources. Photovoltaic energy systems offer a currently available, practical, and cost-effective source of electricity for many stand-alone applications in remote areas of the Pacific. Photovoltaic system definitions and cost analyses are provided for selected applications in the Republic of Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Territory of American Samoa.

Schaller, D.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Perceptions of nature in the Caribbean island of Dominica   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Commonwealth of Dominica has acquired a reputation as the nature island of the Caribbean. This thesis sets out to explore how Dominicans perceive and relate to nature in their nature island. It considers these perceptions ...

Yarde, Therese Natalie

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

U.S. Virgin Islands- Renewables Portfolio Targets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In July 2009, the Virgin Islands passed Act 7075. Among other provisions, the legislation establishes that the "peak demanded generating capacity" of the Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority*...

202

Community Economic Development Business Program (Prince Edward Island, Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Community Economic Development Business (CEDB) program has been created as part of the Prince Edward Island Rural Action Plan to support local investment in innovative Prince Edward Island...

203

Genomic islands predict functional adaptation in marine actinobacteria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ecological adaptations among bacterial populations have been linked to genomic islands, strain-specific regions of DNA that house

Penn, Kevin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Rapan lifeways : society and history on a Polynesian island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RAPAN LIFEWAYS Society and history on a Polynesian island F. Allan Hanson RAPAN LIFEWAYS Society and History on a Polynesian Island ? % * ^Oahu ? Hawaii 1 1 1 - s PACIFIC OCEAN FRENCH r~ | MARQUESAS :" | ISLANDS ' 1 TUAto0Tu Tahiti ?:"._., Rurutu... ^^-j 1 Rimatara a * Tubl?'' "% 160" Ra'ivavae ^ ^ RAPA 1 TROPIC OF CANCER POLYNESIA v iii ii ii ii i " ???? -?? ! TROPIC OF CAPRICORN y 0? / Pitcaira RAPAN LIFEWAYS Society and History on a Polynesian Island F ALLAN HANSON The University of Kansas...

Hanson, F. Allan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before the sixteenth century interior and on outlying islands (Comoros, Madagascar) or were composed of lower classes in urban expansion and private enterprise. #12;16 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before

Paris-Sud XI, UniversitƩ de

206

current encounters a large island (main islands of Palau) basin-scale currents are driven by winds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary Ā· current encounters a large island (main islands of Palau) Ā· basin-scale currents are driven by winds Ā· strong boundary currents like Gulf Stream Ā· Palau has a boundary current Ā· current

Johnston, Shaun

207

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Island Energy Playbook (the Playbook) provides an action-oriented guide to successfully initiating, planning, and completing a transition to an energy system that primarily relies on local resources to eliminate a dependence on one or two imported fuels. It is intended to serve as a readily available framework that any community can adapt to organize its own energy transition effort.

Not Available

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

US Army Corps of Engineers Caribbean Islands Region Version 2.0 WETLAND DETERMINATION DATA FORM Caribbean Islands Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

US Army Corps of Engineers Caribbean Islands Region Ā­ Version 2.0 WETLAND DETERMINATION DATA FORM Ā­ Caribbean Islands Region Project/Site: Municipality/Town: Sampling Date: Applicant/Owner: PR or USVI or problematic. Hydrophytic Vegetation Present? Yes No Remarks: #12;US Army Corps of Engineers Caribbean Islands

US Army Corps of Engineers

209

Grey Island Energy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer County is a county in Oklahoma. Its FIPSGresham Park,Grey Island

210

Lessons Learned in Islands | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataCombined HeatInformation ResourcesIsland EnergyLabLeadership

211

Suggested guidelines for anti-islanding screening.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As increasing numbers of photovoltaic (PV) systems are connected to utility systems, distribution engineers are becoming increasingly concerned about the risk of formation of unintentional islands. Utilities desire to keep their systems secure, while not imposing unreasonable burdens on users wishing to connect PV. However, utility experience with these systems is still relatively sparse, so distribution engineers often are uncertain as to when additional protective measures, such as direct transfer trip, are needed to avoid unintentional island formation. In the absence of such certainty, utilities must err on the side of caution, which in some cases may lead to the unnecessary requirement of additional protection. The purpose of this document is to provide distribution engineers and decision makers with guidance on when additional measures or additional study may be prudent, and also on certain cases in which utilities may allow PV installations to proceed without additional study because the risk of an unintentional island is extremely low. The goal is to reduce the number of cases of unnecessary application of additional protection, while giving utilities a basis on which to request additional study in cases where it is warranted.

Ellis, Abraham; Ropp, Michael

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Microsoft Word - CX-Midway-Vantage-Fiber.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

designated areas and existing roads as much as possible. 5. All standard erosion and sediment control best management practices (BMPs) will be used for any ground disturbances and...

213

Microsoft Word - xx xx 13 Midway pole replacement news release...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

07 13 BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Tuesday, Feb. 12, 2013 CONTACT: Mike Hansen, 503-230-4328 or 503-230-5131 BPA to hold public meeting on proposed rebuild...

214

Microsoft Word - Midway-Benton_MAP_Final.docx  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't32 Master EMAZINFOEnvironmental AssessmentContract 1 Īæf

215

Dose assessment, radioecology, and community interaction at former nuclear test sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US conducted a nuclear testing program at Bikini and Enewetak Atolls in the Marshall Islands from 1946 through 1958. A total of 66 nuclear devices were tested--23 at Bikini Atoll (total yield of 77 megatons) and 43 at Enewetak Atoll (total yield of 33 megatons). This resulted in contamination of many of the islands at each atoll. The BRAVO test (yield 15 megatons) on March 1, 1954 contaminated several atolls to the east of Bikini Atoll some of which were inhabited. The author has conducted an experimental, monitoring, and dose assessment program at atolls in the northern Marshall Islands for the past 20 years. The goals have been to: (1) determine the radiological conditions at the atolls; (2) provide dose assessments for resettlement options and alternate living patterns; (3) develop and evaluate remedial measures to reduce the dose to people reinhabiting the atolls; and (4) discuss the results with each of the communities and the Republic of the Marshall Islands government officials to help them understand the data as a basis for resettlement decisions. The remaining radionuclides at the atolls that contribute any significant dose are {sup 137}Cs, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 239+240}Pu, and {sup 241}Am.

Robison, W.L.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

A Statistical Model of Magnetic Islands in a Large Current Layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a statistical model describing the dynamics of magnetic islands in very large current layers that develop in space plasma. Two parameters characterize the island distribution: the flux contained in the island and the area it encloses. We derive an integro-differential evolution equation for this distribution function, based on rules that govern the small-scale generation of secondary islands, the rates of island growth, and island merging. Our numerical solutions of this equation produce island distributions relevant to the magnetosphere and corona. We also derive and analytically solve a differential equation for large islands that explicitly shows the role merging plays in island growth.

Fermo, R L; Swisdak, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Celebrating Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month at...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders at the Energy Department, in the energy workforce, and throughout history. Headquarter employees and members of the general...

218

,"Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Grand Island,...

219

Hypersonic drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A two-fluid theory of long wavelength, hypersonic, drift-tearing magnetic islands in low-collisionality, low-{beta} plasmas possessing relatively weak magnetic shear is developed. The model assumes both slab geometry and cold ions, and neglects electron temperature and equilibrium current gradient effects. The problem is solved in three asymptotically matched regions. The 'inner region' contains the island. However, the island emits electrostatic drift-acoustic waves that propagate into the surrounding 'intermediate region', where they are absorbed by the plasma. Since the waves carry momentum, the inner region exerts a net force on the intermediate region, and vice versa, giving rise to strong velocity shear in the region immediately surrounding the island. The intermediate region is matched to the surrounding 'outer region', in which ideal magnetohydrodynamic holds. Isolated hypersonic islands propagate with a velocity that lies between those of the unperturbed local ion and electron fluids, but is much closer to the latter. The ion polarization current is stabilizing, and increases with increasing island width. Finally, the hypersonic branch of isolated island solutions ceases to exist above a certain critical island width. Hypersonic islands whose widths exceed the critical width are hypothesized to bifurcate to the so-called 'sonic' solution branch.

Fitzpatrick, R.; Waelbroeck, F. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Validation in Genomics: CpG Island Methylation Revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis. In: Functional Genomics: Methods and Protocols, M.Segal: Validation in Genomics: CpG Island Methylationpackage and applications to genomics. Bioinformatics and

Segal, Mark R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands Initial Technical Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is an initial energy assessment for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), the first of many steps in developing a comprehensive energy strategy.

Baring-Gould, I.; Hunsberger, R.; Visser, C.; Voss, P.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station Install Solar Panels, Improve Efficiency, and Cut Monthly Energy Use Nearly 30% Energy Office Grant...

223

U.S. Virgin Islands Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure Community Ownership of Clean Energy Vision U.S. Virgin Islands Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure Community Ownership of Clean...

224

Comparison of Secondary Islands in Collisional Reconnection to Hall Reconnection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large-scale resistive Hall-magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the transition from Sweet-Parker (collisional) to Hall (collisionless) magnetic reconnection are presented; the first to separate secondary islands from collisionless effects. Three main results are described. There exists a regime with secondary islands but without collisionless effects, and the reconnection rate is faster than Sweet-Parker, but significantly slower than Hall reconnection. This implies that secondary islands do not cause the fastest reconnection rates. The onset of Hall reconnection ejects secondary islands from the vicinity of the X line, implying that energy is released more rapidly during Hall reconnection. Coronal applications are discussed.

Shepherd, L. S.; Cassak, P. A. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, 26506 (United States)

2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

225

antilles island arc: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The morphology of the underthrust oceanic crust controls the mag matic activity of the island arc, and particularly the development, in space and time, of "arc compartments." Denis...

226

Long Island Power Authority- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Long Island Power Authority offers a variety of incentives for its non-residential customers to increase the energy efficiency of facilities through the Commercial Efficiency Program. Major...

227

Interconnecting gold islands with DNA origami  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for and NovelFEG-SEM with0,Interconnecting gold islands

228

Marshall Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climateJunoMedanos EnergyMMalawi:Manassas is aisIslands: Energy

229

Solomon Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to:InformationSolergy Power JumpIslands: Energy Resources Jump to:

230

Recovery Act State Memos Mariana Islands  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L dDepartment ofList?Department09 SectionGeorgia ForIowaMariana Islands

231

Recovery Act State Memos Virgin Islands  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L dDepartment ofList?Department09Jersey ForDakota ForVirgin Islands For

232

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICE OFFuelsPropane Tank Overfill SafetyVehicleRhode Island

233

Offshore Islands Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico:CommunityNorthwest BasinOahu,12 YeomanIslands Ltd Region:

234

MFR PAPER 1071 Valued for meat and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F isheries Service, NOAA, Honolulu, HI 96812. have an ex-vessel value in Koror, Palau Islands Reef (Fig. I). a mall atoll to the south-southwest of th e Palau Islands in the Palau Oi tnct. W estern

235

Wave Energy Resources Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave Energy Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands Prepared by: Luis A. Vega Ph.D October 11, 2010 #12;Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands October 11, 2010 1 Foreword This report provides wave energy resource information required to select coastal segments

236

Hierarchical Control Scheme for Voltage Unbalance Compensation in Islanded Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hierarchical Control Scheme for Voltage Unbalance Compensation in Islanded Microgrids Mehdi@et.aau.dk Abstract-- The concept of microgrid hierarchical control is presented, recently. In this paper, a hierarchical scheme which includes primary and secondary control levels is proposed for islanded microgrids

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

237

Drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A systematic fluid theory of nonlinear magnetic island dynamics in conventional low-{beta}, large aspect-ratio, circular cross-section tokamak plasmas is developed using an extended magnetohydrodynamics model that incorporates diamagnetic flows, ion gyroviscosity, fast parallel electron heat transport, the ion sound wave, the drift wave, and average magnetic field-line curvature. The model excludes the compressible Alfven wave, geodesic field-line curvature, neoclassical effects, and ion Landau damping. A collisional closure is used for plasma dynamics parallel to the magnetic field. Two distinct branches of island solutions are found, namely the 'sonic' and 'hypersonic' branches. Both branches are investigated analytically, using suitable ordering schemes, and in each case the problem is reduced to a relatively simple set of nonlinear differential equations that can be solved numerically via iteration. The solution determines the island phase velocity, relative to the plasma, and the effect of local currents on the island stability. Sonic islands are relatively wide, flatten both the temperature and density profiles, and tend to propagate close to the local ion fluid velocity. Hypersonic islands, on the other hand, are relatively narrow, only flatten the temperature profile, radiate drift-acoustic waves, and tend to propagate close to the local electron fluid velocity. The hypersonic solution branch ceases to exist above a critical island width. Under normal circumstances, both types of island are stabilized by local ion polarization currents.

Fitzpatrick, R.; Waelbroeck, F. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Introduction The island of Hispaniola has reduced its malaria burden,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction The island of Hispaniola has reduced its malaria burden, with parasite prevalence feasible. The risk of imported malaria cases to the island of Hispaniola appears extremely low, e.g., fewer than 10 infections were imported from outside Hispaniola to the Dominican Republic in 2012. Based

Klein, Ophir

239

Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the biological contamination of waters that have been used for the last 100 years have been shown to lack certainVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2000 Introduction The Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute (WRRI) is a unit of the University of the Virgin

240

Island Bellwether: Climate Change and Energy Policy Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

responsible for current and forecast global warming Ā· Fossil fuel energy systems are the primary cause of GHGa) Island Bellwether: Climate Change and Energy Policy Strategy for Small Island Developing States John Byrne, Leigh Glover, Vernese Inniss and Gerard Alleng Center for Energy and Environmental Policy

Delaware, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water is a concern, so too is proper disposal of wastewater. The Virgin Islands Water Resources Research with cistern water quality, treatment of wastewater from aquaponic systems and sediment export from watersheds is a major concern in the Territory of the US Virgin Islands. As part of our endeavour to do a detailed

242

A Distributed Generation Control Architecture for Islanded AC Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Distributed Generation Control Architecture for Islanded AC Microgrids Stanton T. Cady, Student Member, IEEE Abstract In this paper, we propose a distributed architecture for generation control in islanded ac microgrids with both synchronous generators and inverter-interfaced power supplies. Although

Dominguez-Garcia, Alejandro

243

Forensic identification: the Island Problem and its generalisations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forensic identification: the Island Problem and its generalisations Klaas Slooten and Ronald Meester April 26, 2010 Abstract In forensics it is a classical problem to determine, when a suspect by a likelihood ratio. Keywords: Island problem, Forensic identification, Weight of evidence, Posterior odds

Meester, Ronald

244

E-Print Network 3.0 - abruka island west Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 William W. Hay Railroad Engineering Seminar Summary: 12;Powerhouse Island Powerhouse Island West Bank West Bank Kentucky Lake Kentucky Lake...

245

E-Print Network 3.0 - autonomous island networks Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the communities on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island is highly connected social networks. Research participants... confidentiality) would be received by the communities...

246

Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu Wave Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu 1 Wave Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands Table of Contents Summary p2 Background: Wave Power Conversion p3 Licensing and Permitting p3 Challenges and Barriers p4 Wave Power Resources: Previous Work p5 Wave

247

Distributed Wind Case Study: Cross Island Farms, Wellesley Island, New York (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Installing a small wind turbine can sometimes be difficult due to economics, zoning issues, public perception, and other barriers. Persistence and innovation, however, can result in a successful installation. Dani Baker and David Belding own Cross Island Farms, a 102-acre certified organic farm on Wellesley Island in northern New York. In 2009, they took their interest in renewable energy to the next level by researching the logistics of a small wind installation on their land to make their farm even more sustainable. Their renewable energy system consists of one 10-kilowatt Bergey Excel wind turbine, a solar array, and a propane-powered generator. This case study describes funding for the project and the installation process.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Three Mile Island: the financial fallout  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nuclear accident at Three Mile Island raised serious questions about the financial ability of the electric utility company owners to clean up and repair the damaged reactor facilities while continuing to provide reliable electric service to customers. Financial insolvency of the companies is not imminent and power supplies are assured for the immediate future. However, the loss of earnings capability by the Metropolitan Edison Company makes it questionable whether it can fund its share of the clean-up costs and maintain system reliability without large rate increases or some external financial assistance. The accident has shown that the utilities and Federal and State regulatory agencies were not prepared to deal with recovery from such a large financial loss. The Department of Energy should move swiftly to assess the financial needs of the affected utilities and develop plans for meeting them.

Not Available

1980-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

Three Mile Island: meltdown of democracy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strong local opposition to a start-up of Unit 1 at Three Mile Island continues because citizen distrust of General Public Utilities was found in post-accident studies to have been justified. Several citizen groups have monitored the Unit 2 clean-up activities and have not been reassured by either the President's Commission or the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Efforts to improve public relations by distributing radiation kits or other strategies have been outweighed by evidence of government manipulation of early bomb test data and poor industry planning. Arguments over who is responsible for the accident and who is liable for the cost have further undermined credibility. Area residents have received three recent legal signals that their position may prevail. (DCK)

Walsh, E.J.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Subsidence at the Weeks Island SPR Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The elevation change data measured at the Weeks Island SPR site over the last 16+ years has been studied and analyzed. The subsidence rate is not constant with time and while the subsidence rate may have increased slightly during the past several years, recently the rate has increased more dramatically. The most recent increase comes at a time when the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) storage mine had been emptied of oil and was in the process of being refilled with brine. Damage to surface structures that has been observed during the past 12-18 months is attributed to the continued subsidence and dtierential subsidence across structures. The recent greater subsidence rates were unanticipated according to analysis results and will be used to aid further subsidence model development.

Bauer, S.J.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

The Marshall Islands Data Management Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a resource document of the methods and procedures used currently in the Data Management Program of the Marshall Islands Dose Assessment and Radioecology Project. Since 1973, over 60,000 environmental samples have been collected. Our program includes relational database design, programming and maintenance; sample and information management; sample tracking; quality control; and data entry, evaluation and reduction. The usefulness of scientific databases involves careful planning in order to fulfill the requirements of any large research program. Compilation of scientific results requires consolidation of information from several databases, and incorporation of new information as it is generated. The success in combining and organizing all radionuclide analysis, sample information and statistical results into a readily accessible form, is critical to our project.

Stoker, A.C.; Conrado, C.L.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Influence of air conditioning management on heat island in Paris air street temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of air conditioning management on heat island in Paris air street temperatures Brice 2012 Available online 13 March 2012 Keywords: Air conditioning Heat island mitigation Urban heat island killer'', is exacerbated in urban areas owing to the heat island effect. Air conditioning (A/C) is a key

Ribes, AurƩlien

253

Island biogeography Much of our current understanding of how many species occupy a community comes from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a balance between ongoing immigration of new species to the island and continuous extinction of species') and E is the maximum rate of extinction (the rate of extinction when the number of species on the island there are no species on the island (logically). But extinction rate increases with increasing species on the island

Creel, Scott

254

Aleutian Pribilof Islands Wind Energy Feasibility Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under this project, the Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association (APIA) conducted wind feasibility studies for Adak, False Pass, Nikolski, Sand Point and St. George. The DOE funds were also be used to continue APIA's role as project coordinator, to expand the communication network quality between all participants and with other wind interest groups in the state and to provide continued education and training opportunities for regional participants. This DOE project began 09/01/2005. We completed the economic and technical feasibility studies for Adak. These were funded by the Alaska Energy Authority. Both wind and hydro appear to be viable renewable energy options for Adak. In False Pass the wind resource is generally good but the site has high turbulence. This would require special care with turbine selection and operations. False Pass may be more suitable for a tidal project. APIA is funded to complete a False Pass tidal feasibility study in 2012. Nikolski has superb potential for wind power development with Class 7 wind power density, moderate wind shear, bi-directional winds and low turbulence. APIA secured nearly $1M from the United States Department of Agriculture Rural Utilities Service Assistance to Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs to install a 65kW wind turbine. The measured average power density and wind speed at Sand Point measured at 20m (66ft), are 424 W/m2 and 6.7 m/s (14.9 mph) respectively. Two 500kW Vestas turbines were installed and when fully integrated in 2012 are expected to provide a cost effective and clean source of electricity, reduce overall diesel fuel consumption estimated at 130,000 gallons/year and decrease air emissions associated with the consumption of diesel fuel. St. George Island has a Class 7 wind resource, which is superior for wind power development. The current strategy, led by Alaska Energy Authority, is to upgrade the St. George electrical distribution system and power plant. Avian studies in Nikolski and Sand Point have allowed for proper wind turbine siting without killing birds, especially endangered species and bald eagles. APIA continues coordinating and looking for funding opportunities for regional renewable energy projects. An important goal for APIA has been, and will continue to be, to involve community members with renewable energy projects and energy conservation efforts.

Bruce A. Wright

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

255

Temporal Variation in Fish Communities Off Santa Cruz Island, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at sub-tidal reefs and kelp beds at Santa Cruz Island in theand/or by the loss of giant kelp, which occurs during warm-diminishing the extent of giant kelp beds. Student Michelle

Larson, Ralph

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

A Simple Technique for Islanding Detection with Negligible Nondetection Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although active islanding detection techniques have smaller nondetection zones than passive techniques, active methods could degrade the system power quality and are not as simple and easy to implement as passive methods. ...

Kirtley Jr, James L.

257

ambrym island vanuatu: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

258

anticosti island laurentia: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

259

aegna island tallinn: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

260

Rules and Regulations for Sewage Sludge Management (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of these rules and regulations is to ensure that sewage sludge that is treated, land applied, disposed, distributed, stockpiled or transported in the State of Rhode Island is done so in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT THREE MILE ISLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

occurred during the nuclear accident, and probably noHEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT MILE ISLAND JacobENG-48 HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT A T THREE MILE

Fabrikant, J.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND FRINGE BENEFIT AVERAGE RATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND FRINGE BENEFIT AVERAGE RATE FY 2015 Allocation Cost or Classified.2% URI Budget & Financial Planning Office 9.17.14 Office:fringebenefits:office of sponsored projects: FY2015 Allocation #12;

Rhode Island, University of

263

FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Interior FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office 300 Ala Moana Boulevard, Room 3-122, Box 50088 Honolulu, Hawaii 96850 In Reply Refer To: 20 lO-F...

264

Quaternary morphology and paleoenvironmental records of carbonate islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here I use a simple numerical model of reef profile evolution to show that the present-day morphology of carbonate islands has developed largely in response to late Pleistocene sea level oscillations in addition to variable ...

Toomey, Michael (Michael Ryan)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Big Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Final Technical Report provides an account of the project for the demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific LLC's Big Island, VA facility. This report covers the period from May 5, 2000 through November 30, 2006.

Robert DeCarrera

2007-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

266

Distribution, Growth, and Disturbance of Catalina Island Rhodoliths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

seasonality. Sedimentology 41: 963-984 Friewald A (1998)Godinez-Orta L (2006) Sedimentology and acoustic mapping ofIsland, New Zealand. Sedimentology 55: 249-274 Orth RJ (

Tompkins, Paul Anthony

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Quantitative analysis of forest island pattern in selected Ohio landscapes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to quantitatively describe the various aspects of regional distribution patterns of forest islands and relate those patterns to other landscape features. Several maps showing the forest cover of various counties in Ohio were selected as representative examples of forest patterns to be quantified. Ten thousand hectare study areas (landscapes) were delineated on each map. A total of 15 landscapes representing a wide variety of forest island patterns was chosen. Data were converted into a series of continuous variables which contained information pertinent to the sizes, shape, numbers, and spacing of woodlots within a landscape. The continuous variables were used in a factor analysis to describe the variation among landscapes in terms of forest island pattern. The results showed that forest island patterns are related to topography and other environmental features correlated with topography.

Bowen, G.W.; Burgess, R.L.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

First Regional Super ESPC a Success on Kodiak Island, Alaska...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

at Kodiak Island helped pave the way for additional Super ESPC projects at other agencies. "For these projects to be successful, the agency needs to be committed at the site...

269

Qualifying RPS Market States (Prince Edward Island, Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Prince Edward Island, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For...

270

assateague island national: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL surveys of the Marshall and Marianas Islands by L. P. Schultz and colleagues. Vic went on to exceed all...

271

aeolian islands italy: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de 14 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Tsunami generation in Stromboli island and impact on the CiteSeer Summary: Abstract. Stromboli is one of the most active...

272

46 Various stories from life on Hebert Island (part 1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 46 Length of track 1 hour 53 minutes Title of track Various stories from life on Hebert Island...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

273

47 Various stories from life on Hebert Island (part 2)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 48 Length of track 2 hour 2 minutes Title of track Various stories from life on Hebert Island...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

274

Visual Modeling for Aqua Ventus I off Monhegan Island, ME  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To assist the University of Maine in demonstrating a clear pathway to project completion, PNNL has developed visualization models of the Aqua Ventus I project that accurately depict the Aqua Ventus I turbines from various points on Monhegain Island, ME and the surrounding area. With a hub height of 100 meters, the Aqua Ventus I turbines are large and may be seen from many areas on Monhegan Island, potentially disrupting important viewsheds. By developing these visualization models, which consist of actual photographs taken from Monhegan Island and the surrounding area with the Aqua Ventus I turbines superimposed within each photograph, PNNL intends to support the project’s siting and permitting process by providing the Monhegan Island community and various other stakeholders with a probable glimpse of how the Aqua Ventus I project will appear.

Hanna, Luke A.; Whiting, Jonathan M.; Copping, Andrea E.

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

275

Renewable Energy and Inter-Island Power Transmission (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes recent findings pertaining to inter-island connection of renewable and other energy sources, in particular, as these findings relate cable options, routing, specifications, and pros and cons.

Gevorgian, V.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Rules and Regulations for Groundwater Quality (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations provide standards for groundwater quality in the state of Rhode Island. The rules are intended to protect and restore the quality of the state's groundwater resources for use as...

277

Solar Water Heater Rebate Program (U.S. Virgin Islands)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Virgin Islands Energy Office currently offers rebates to residents for purchasing solar water heaters from local vendors. The program will cover residential, solar water heaters of 120 gallons...

278

Amchitka Island, Alaska, Biological Monitoring Report 2011 Sampling Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance (LTS&M) Plan for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) Amchitka Island sites describes how LM plans to conduct its mission to protect human health and the environment at the three nuclear test sites located on Amchitka Island, Alaska. Amchitka Island, near the western end of the Aleutian Islands, is approximately 1,340 miles west-southwest of Anchorage, Alaska. Amchitka is part of the Aleutian Island Unit of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, which is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Since World War II, Amchitka has been used by multiple U.S. government agencies for various military and research activities. From 1943 to 1950, it was used as a forward air base for the U.S. Armed Forces. During the middle 1960s and early 1970s, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) used a portion of the island as a site for underground nuclear tests. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the U.S. Navy constructed and operated a radar station on the island. Three underground nuclear tests were conducted on Amchitka Island. DOD, in conjunction with AEC, conducted the first nuclear test (named Long Shot) in 1965 to provide data that would improve the United States' capability of detecting underground nuclear explosions. The second nuclear test (Milrow) was a weapons-related test conducted by AEC in 1969 as a means to study the feasibility of detonating a much larger device. Cannikin, the third nuclear test on Amchitka, was a weapons-related test detonated on November 6, 1971. With the exception of small concentrations of tritium detected in surface water shortly after the Long Shot test, radioactive fission products from the tests remain in the subsurface at each test location As a continuation of the environmental monitoring that has taken place on Amchitka Island since before 1965, LM in the summer of 2011 collected biological and seawater samples from the marine and terrestrial environment of Amchitka Island adjacent to the three detonation sites and at a background or reference site, Adak Island, 180 miles to the east. Consistent with the goals of the Amchitka LTS&M Plan, four data quality objectives (DQOs) were developed for the 2011 sampling event.

None

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A wave refraction analysis for an axially symmetrical island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A WAVE REFRACTION ANALYSIS FOR AN AXIALLY SYMMETRICAL ISLAND A Thesis By LIEUTENANT RONALD J FORST UNITED STATES NAVY Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE l966 Major Subject Oceanography A WAVE REFRACTION ANALYSIS FOR AN AXIALLY SYMMETRICAL ISLAND A Thesis By LIEUTENANT RONALD J FORST UNITED STATES NAVY Approved as to style and content by; ( airma Committee) Head of Dep rtme t...

Forst, Ronald John

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Tsunami response at Wake Island: azimuthal mode analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TSUNAMI RESPONSE AT WAKE ISLAND: AZIMUTIIAL MODE ANALYSIS A Thesis by WILTIE AUSTIN CRESWELL III Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1987 Major Subject: Oceanography TSUNAMI RESPONSE AT WAKE ISLAND: AZIMUTHAL MODE ANALYSIS A Thesis by WILTIE AUSTIN CRESWELL III Approved as to style and content by: Andrew C. Vastano (Chairman of Committee) Robert O. Reid (Member) Guy...

Creswell, Wiltie Austin

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Cultural contributions to the island of St. John, United States Virgin Islands: underwater historical archaeology at Cruz Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the seventeenth century, the French, English and Dutch contested the Virgin Islands, realizing their strategic and commercial importance, and Denmark attempted to settle St. Thomas in 1672. The first permanent Danish colony was established in 1717 at Coral Bay...

Marquez, Carmen M

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Amphibians and Reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report 35 new amphibian and reptile distribution records for two regions within the southern Sierra Madre Mountain Range, Aurora Province, central Luzon Island, Philippines. Together with results of our previous survey work in Aurora, our new...

Brown, Rafe M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Numerical Simulations of Island Effects on Airflow and Weather during the Summer over the Island of Oahu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Honolulu, Hawaii FRANCIS FUJIOKA Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Riverside flow from the open ocean is distorted and disrupted by the mountains, hills, and valleys of the islands

Chen, Yi-Leng

284

Textural criteria for the discrimination of water-laid and wind-laid barrier island sands: a North Padre Island, Texas example  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Laid Barrier Island Sands: A North Padre Island, Texas Example (August 1985) David Cunningham, B. S. ; The University of Texas at Austin Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James M. Mazzullo The grain size and grain shape characteristics of 63, 200 quartz... sand grains were analyzed from 158 samples systematically collected along three transects across North Padre Island. Sampled subenviron- ments included the forebeach, backbeach, foredune ridge, eolian flat, back-island dunes, and wind-tidal flats...

Cunningham, David

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Geology and geochemistry of the Geyser Bight Geothermal Area, Umnak Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Geyser Bight geothermal area is located on Umnak Island in the central Aleutian Islands. It contains one of the hottest and most extensive areas of thermal springs and fumaroles in Alaska, and is only documented site in Alaska with geysers. The zone of hot springs and fumaroles lies at the head of Geyser Creek, 5 km up a broad, flat, alluvial valley from Geyser Bight. At present central Umnak is remote and undeveloped. This report describes results of a combined program of geologic mapping, K-Ar dating, detailed description of hot springs, petrology and geochemistry of volcanic and plutonic rock units, and chemistry of geothermal fluids. Our mapping documents the presence of plutonic rock much closer to the area of hotsprings and fumaroles than previously known, thus increasing the probability that plutonic rock may host the geothermal system. K-Ar dating of 23 samples provides a time framework for the eruptive history of volcanic rocks as well as a plutonic cooling age.

Nye, C.J. (Alaska Univ., Fairbanks, AK (USA). Geophysical Inst. Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Fairbanks, AK (USA). Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys); Motyka, R.J. (Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Juneau, AK (USA). Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys); Turner, D.L. (Alaska Univ., Fairbanks, AK (USA). Geophysical Inst.); Liss, S.A. (Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Fairba

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Biomarkers, PCBs, DDT, DDE, and plastic pollution in albatross of the north Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impacts of pollution in a remote area of the Pacific Ocean on seabirds were assessed. The amount and effects of accidentally ingested plastic on survival of Laysan albatross chicks were determined. Concentrations of synthetic organochlorine compounds and biomarkers of exposure to several classes of those compounds were measured in plasma of adults and chicks of both Laysan and Black-footed albatross of Sand Island, Midway Atoll. Concentrations of PCBs, DDT, DDE, and other chlorinated insecticides were measured in plasma and egg. Average, total PCB concentrations in the plasma of ten adult Laysan and five Black-footed albatross were 39 and 115 ng/g, respectively; DDE concentrations were 10.8 and 37.2 ng/mg respectively. Total pooled concentrations of PCBs in egg yolk of Laysan or Black-footed albatross were 1.06 or 3.84 {micro}g/g, respectively; DDE concentrations were 321.5 or 1,836.6 ng/g, respectively. Data will be presented on differences between chicks and adults, between species, and among sampling times throughout the nesting season. Serum retinol, T3 and T4 concentrations were quantified and correlated to concentrations of total PCBs, DDT, DDE, and other insecticides in the blood.

Auman, H.J.; Giesy, J.P.; Ludwig, J.P.; Summer, C.L.; Verbrugge, D.A.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

287

Statistics of the Island-Around-Island Hierarchy in Hamiltonian Phase Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phase space of a typical Hamiltonian system contains both chaotic and regular orbits, mixed in a complex, fractal pattern. One oft-studied phenomenon is the algebraic decay of correlations and recurrence time distributions. For area-preserving maps, this has been attributed to the stickiness of boundary circles, which separate chaotic and regular components. Though such dynamics has been extensively studied, a full understanding depends on many fine details that typically are beyond experimental and numerical resolution. This calls for a statistical approach, the subject of the present work. We calculate the statistics of the boundary circle winding numbers, contrasting the distribution of the elements of their continued fractions to that for uniformly selected irrationals. Since phase space transport is of great interest for dynamics, we compute the distributions of fluxes through island chains. Analytical fits show that the "level" and "class" distributions are distinct, and evidence for their universality is given.

Or Alus; Shmuel Fishman; James D. Meiss

2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

288

Morphological stability of electromigration-driven vacancy islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electromigration-induced shape evolution of two-dimensional vacancy islands on a crystal surface is studied using a continuum approach. We consider the regime where mass transport is restricted to terrace diffusion in the interior of the island. In the limit of fast attachment/detachment kinetics a circle translating at constant velocity is a stationary solution of the problem. In contrast to earlier work [O. Pierre-Louis and T.L. Einstein, Phys. Rev. B 62, 13697 (2000)] we show that the circular solution remains linearly stable for arbitrarily large driving forces. The numerical solution of the full nonlinear problem nevertheless reveals a fingering instability at the trailing end of the island, which develops from finite amplitude perturbations and eventually leads to pinch-off. Relaxing the condition of instantaneous attachment/detachment kinetics, we obtain non-circular elongated stationary shapes in an analytic approximation which compares favorably to the full numerical solution.

Frank Hausser; Philipp Kuhn; Joachim Krug; Axel Voigt

2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

289

An early Miocene age for a high-temperature event in gneisses from Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt): mantle diapirism?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An early Miocene age for a high-temperature event in gneisses from Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt outcropping on Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt). This island, though of limited size (& 4 km2 ), has an almost

Demouchy, Sylvie

290

Remedial Action Work Plan Amchitka Island Mud Pit Closures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This remedial action work plan presents the project organization and construction procedures developed for the performance of the remedial actions at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE's) sites on Amchitka Island, Alaska. During the late1960s and early 1970s, the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (the predecessor agency to DOE) used Amchitka Island as a site for underground nuclear tests. A total of nine sites on the Island were considered for nuclear testing; however, tests were only conducted at three sites (i.e., Long Shot in 1965, Milrow in 1969, and Cannikin in 1971). In addition to these three sites, large diameter emplacement holes were drilled in two other locations (Sites D and F) and an exploratory hole was in a third location (Site E). It was estimated that approximately 195 acres were disturbed by drilling or preparation for drilling in conjunction with these activities. The disturbed areas include access roads, spoil-disposal areas, mud pits which have impacted the environment, and an underground storage tank at the hot mix plant which was used to support asphalt-paving operations on the island. The remedial action objective for Amchitka Island is to eliminate human and ecological exposure to contaminants by capping drilling mud pits, removing the tank contents, and closing the tank in place. The remedial actions will meet State of Alaska regulations, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service refuge management goals, address stakeholder concerns, and address the cultural beliefs and practices of the native people. The U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office will conduct work on Amchitka Island under the authority of the Comprehensive Emergency Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. Field activities are scheduled to take place May through September 2001. The results of these activities will be presented in a subsequent Closure Report.

DOE/NV

2001-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

291

Energy Department Helps Advance Island Clean Energy Goals (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) fact sheet highlights a June 2012 solar power purchase agreement between the Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority and three corporations. The fact sheet describes how financial support from DOE and technical assistance from DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory enabled the U.S. Virgin Islands to realistically assess its clean energy resources and identify the most viable and cost-effective solutions to its energy challenges--resulting in a $65 million investment in solar energy in the territory.

Not Available

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Wind turbine generator interaction with conventional diesel generators on Block Island, Rhode Island. Volume 1. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the primary results of a three-part study involving the effects of connecting a MOD-OA wind turbine generator to an isolated diesel power system. The subject utility is that owned and operated by the Block Island Power Company (BIPCO). The MOD-OA installation here was the third of four experimental nominal 200 kW wind turbines connected to various utilities under the Federal Wind Energy Program. The BIPCO installation was characterized by the highest wind energy penetration levels of four sites and, as such, was adjudged the best candidate for conducting the data acquisition and analysis effort that is the subject of this study. The three-phases of the study analysis address: (1) fuel displacement, (2) dynamic interaction, and (3) three modes of reactive power control. These analyses all have as their basis the results of the data acquisition program conducted during 1982 from February into April on Block Island, Rhode Island.

Wilreker, V.F.; Stiller, P.H.; Scott, G.W.; Kruse, V.J.; Smith, R.F.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Wind turbine generator interaction with conventional diesel generators on Block Island, Rhode Island. Volume II. Data analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to assess the performance of a MOD-OA horizontal axis wind turbine when connected to an isolated diesel utility, a comprehensive data measurement program was conducted on the Block Island Power Company installation on Block Island, Rhode Island. This report presents the detailed results of that program focusing on three principal areas of (1) fuel displacement (savings), (2) dynamic interaction between the diesel utility and the wind turbine, (3) effects of three modes of wind turbine reactive power control. The approximate two month duration of the data acquisition program conducted in the winter months (February into April 1982) revealed performance during periods of highest wind energy penetration and hence severity of operation. It is concluded that even under such conditions fuel savings were significant resulting in a fuel reduction of 6.7% while the MOD-OA was generating 10.7% of the total electrical energy. Also, electrical disturbance and interactive effects were of an acceptable level.

Wilreker, V.F.; Stiller, P.H.; Scott, G.W.; Kruse, V.J.; Smith, R.F.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

E-Print Network 3.0 - aleutian islands alaska Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands skates Olav Ormseth, Beth Matta, and Jerry Hoff Summary: 18a. Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands skates Olav Ormseth, Beth Matta, and Jerry Hoff NMFS...

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - asian pacific islanders Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Asian or Pacific Islander, you need to select a new category If you are a nonresident alien... or Other Pacific Islander (A person having origins in any of the original peoples...

296

Two-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry Richard Fitzpatrick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Moreover, the island propaga- tion velocity is uniquely specified by the condition that there be zero net determination of the island propagation velocity, and the calculation of the ion and electron fluid flow

Fitzpatrick, Richard

297

The Rhode Island state house--the competition (1890-1892)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a study of the design competition for the new State House in Providence, Rhode Island, which began in 1890 and ended in 1892. The competition was supervised by the Rhode Island State House Commission, a body formed ...

Lewis, Hilary A. (Hilary Ann)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - area north island Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Madison Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Biology and Medicine 56 Island wakes in the Southern California Bight R. M. A. Caldeira,1,2 Summary: north of the island...

299

Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy Vision and Road Map Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy Vision and Road Map A diverse set...

300

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammassalik island se Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

To assess the likely extent of Delta island... and repair decisions for 34 major subsided agricultural islands that make up most of the Delta's Primary Zone... and include all...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Modeling Microgrid Islanding Problems as DCOPs Saurabh Gupta, William Yeoh, Enrico Pontelli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, we formulate the microgrid islanding problem as distributed constraint optimization problem (DCOP. Index Terms--Microgrid, Islanding, Distributed Constraint Optimization. I. INTRODUCTION Every year residential and commercial facilities with controllable loads and distributed generation sources; loads

Yeoh, William

302

E-Print Network 3.0 - amsterdam island southeastern Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on Amsterdam Island 189 iv 12;Rapporteurs' Reports Trillmich... Shelf near Kodiak Island, Alaska, by Arthur W. Kendall, Jr., and Jean R. Dunn. January 1985, 89 p. 21... of...

303

Long Island Smart Metering Pilot Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) Smart Meter Pilots provided invaluable information and experience for future deployments of Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), including the deployment planned as part of LIPAā??s Smart Grid Demonstration Project (DE-OE0000220). LIPA will incorporate lessons learned from this pilot in future deployments, including lessons relating to equipment performance specifications and testing, as well as equipment deployment and tracking issues. LIPA ultimately deployed three AMI technologies instead of the two that were originally contemplated. This enabled LIPA to evaluate multiple systems in field conditions with a relatively small number of meter installations. LIPA experienced a number of equipment and software issues that it did not anticipate, including issues relating to equipment integration, ability to upgrade firmware and software ā??over the airā?¯ (as opposed to physically interacting with every meter), and logistical challenges associated with tracking inventory and upgrade status of deployed meters. In addition to evaluating the technology, LIPA also piloted new Time-of-Use (TOU) rates to assess customer acceptance of time-differentiated pricing and to evaluate whether customers would respond by adjusting their activities from peak to non-peak periods. LIPA developed a marketing program to educate customers who received AMI in the pilot areas and to seek voluntary participation in TOU pricing. LIPA also guaranteed participating customers that, for their initial year on the rates, their electricity costs under the TOU rate would not exceed the amount they would have paid under the flat rates they would otherwise enjoy. 62 residential customers chose to participate in the TOU rates, and every one of them saved money during the first year. 61 of them also elected to stay on the TOU rate ā?? without the cost guarantee ā?? at the end of that year. The customer who chose not to continue on the rate was also the one who achieved the greatest savings. However, after the first year, the customer in question installed equipment that would have made TOU rates a more costly option than the residential flat rate. During the second year, all but one customer saved money. That customer increased usage during peak hours, and as a result saw an increase in annual costs (as compared to the flat rate) of $24.17. The results were less clear for commercial customers, which LIPA attributes to rate design issues that it will take into account for future deployments. LIPA views this pilot as a complete success. Not only is LIPA better prepared for a larger deployment of AMI, but it is confident that residential customers will accept AMI and TOU rates and shift their energy consumption from peak to non-peak periods in response to pricing. On a larger scale, this will benefit LIPA and all of its customers by potentially lowering peak demand when energy costs are highest.

None

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

304

Kauai Island Utility Cooperative energy storage study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories performed an assessment of the benefits of energy storage for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative. This report documents the methodology and results of this study from a generation and production-side benefits perspective only. The KIUC energy storage study focused on the economic impact of using energy storage to shave the system peak, which reduces generator run time and consequently reduces fuel and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. It was determined that a 16-MWh energy storage system would suit KIUC's needs, taking into account the size of the 13 individual generation units in the KIUC system and a system peak of 78 MW. The analysis shows that an energy storage system substantially reduces the run time of Units D1, D2, D3, and D5 - the four smallest and oldest diesel generators at the Port Allen generating plant. The availability of stored energy also evens the diurnal variability of the remaining generation units during the off- and on-peak periods. However, the net economic benefit is insufficient to justify a load-leveling type of energy storage system at this time. While the presence of storage helps reduce the run time of the smaller and older units, the economic dispatch changes and the largest most efficient unit in the KIUC system, the 27.5-MW steam-injected combustion turbine at Kapaia, is run for extra hours to provide the recharge energy for the storage system. The economic benefits of the storage is significantly reduced because the charging energy for the storage is derived from the same fuel source as the peak generation source it displaces. This situation would be substantially different if there were a renewable energy source available to charge the storage. Especially, if there is a wind generation resource introduced in the KIUC system, there may be a potential of capturing the load-leveling benefits as well as using the storage to dampen the dynamic instability that the wind generation could introduce into the KIUC grid. General Electric is presently conducting such a study and results of this study will be available in the near future. Another study conducted by Electric Power Systems, Inc. (EPS) in May 2006 took a broader approach to determine the causes of KIUC system outages. This study concluded that energy storage with batteries will provide stability benefits and possibly eliminate the load shedding while also providing positive voltage control. Due to the lack of fuel diversity in the KIUC generation mix, SNL recommends that KIUC continue its efforts to quantify the dynamic benefits of storage. The value of the dynamic benefits, especially as an enabler of renewable generation such as wind energy, may be far greater than the production cost benefits alone. A combination of these benefits may provide KIUC sufficient positive economic and operational benefits to implement an energy storage project that will contribute to the overall enhancement of the KIUC system.

Akhil, Abbas Ali; Yamane, Mike (Kauai Island Utility Cooperative, Lihu'e, HI); Murray, Aaron T.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Tourists: their expectations, motivations, and behavior at South Padre Island, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of South Padre Island and City of Port Isabel 36 7 Estimated Actual Value of Taxable Property: Town of South Padre Island 37 8 Statement of Construction Value and Bank Deposits: Town of South Padre Island... degrees F and the winter averages 65 degrees F. Such warm temperatures allow an extremely long growing season of 336 days (Port Isabel ? South Padre Island Chamber of Commerce, 1982). Only 26 inches ot preciptation falls annually, mostly during...

Myers, Steven John

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Independent Verification Survey Report for the Long Island Solar Farm, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

5119-SR-01-0 INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION SURVEY REPORT FOR THE LONG ISLAND SOLAR FARM, BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY

E.M. Harpenau

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Biological control of Chromolaena odorata in the American Pacific Micronesian Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and in the Majuro (2001) and Bikini (2005) in the Marshalls islands. In 1983, it became a dominant weed along

Reddy, Gadi VP

308

Model Order Reductions for Stability Analysis of Islanded Microgrids with Droop Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Model Order Reductions for Stability Analysis of Islanded Microgrids with Droop Control V, IEEE Abstract--Three-phase inverters subject to droop control are widely used in islanded microgrids. In this paper, a mathematical model for islanded microgrids with linear loads and inverters under frequency

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

309

Hard-and software implementation and verification of an Islanded House  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islanded House. Simulations showed that the discomfort can be decreased when also a battery is addedHard- and software implementation and verification of an Islanded House prototype Albert Molderink conclude that it is possible to create an Islanded House and to decrease the discomfort significantly

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

310

Supersonic drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas R. Fitzpatrick, and F.L. Waelbroeck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the plasma. Since the waves carry momentum, the inner region exerts a net force on the outer region, and vice the radial direc- tion) helical magnetic islands.3 Such islands degrade plasma confinement because heat weak coupling to drift-acoustic waves.13­16 On the other hand, supersonic island solutions

Fitzpatrick, Richard

311

TIMES model for the Reunion Island: addressing reliability of electricity supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Reunion Island was highly dependent on fossil fuel imports (86.5%). This paper focuses on the target of small islands, the Reunion Island was highly dependent on fossil fuel imports (86.5%). This paper designs and appropriate levels of incentives and subsidies are already difficult issues to deal

Paris-Sud XI, UniversitƩ de

312

Charge transport through a SET with a mechanically oscillating island N. M. Chtchelkatchev,1, 2, 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the deviation of the island from its equilibrium position. (b) Equivalent circuit of the device on the mechanical displacement, thus, the vibrations of the island may influence the transport properties. Harmonic oscillations of the island and thermal vibrations change the transport characteristics in different ways

Bruder, Christoph

313

Droop Control for Islanded Microgrids Hemanshu R Pota  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Droop Control for Islanded Microgrids Hemanshu R Pota School of Engineering & IT, UNSW microgrid. As the load within the microgrid changes, the inverter-sourced generators will share this change. For a microgrid modelled as a collection of ideal voltage sources only the controller and sensor dynamics interact

Pota, Himanshu Roy

314

Gilbert M. Smith, master boatbuilder of Long Island, New York  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The second half of the 19th century in maritime America was an era marked by a rich variety of vernacular watercraft types adapted to a wide range of local needs and traditions. The Great South Bay, located off Long Island, New York, was home...

Merwin, Daria Elizabeth

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Air Quality and Emissions Impacts of Heat Island Mitigation Strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Quality and Emissions Impacts of Heat Island Mitigation Strategies ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH the temperature of the ground surface and the ambient air. This situation creates areas called urban heat summertime temperatures reduces electricity demand for air conditioning, which lowers air pollution levels

316

Modeling of magnetic island formation in magnetic reconnection experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the cohelicity injection with a mean toroidal field, the growing process of the island into a spheromak coalescence of spheromaks,5 where two types of operation mode have been pursued. One is a cohelicity merging using two identical spheromaks. The another one is a counterhelicity merging where toroidal fields

Ji, Hantao

317

Recommendations for Technologies for Microgrids on the Big Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Energy Storage Studies 1 2.2 HNEI Sustainable Energy Study 3 3.0 Changes in Big Island Loads), and Hawaiian Electric Company (HECO) looked at the potential benefits of microgrids and energy storage of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Under Award No. DE-FC-06NT42847 Subtask 2

318

renewable energy from waste 1730 RHODE ISLAND AVENUE, NW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable energy from waste 1730 RHODE ISLAND AVENUE, NW SUITE 700 WASHINGTON, DC 20036 WWW Energy and Security Act of 2009 that was released as a discussion draft on March 31. While waste-to-energy gas reductions and renewable energy provided by waste-to-energy and if it implemented policies

Columbia University

319

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 29, 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 29, 2007 Volume 4, Issue 7 Is today your lucky day? If you renew your membership in (or join) the URI Alumni Association before April 6, your name: Two season tickets for the 2007-2008 URI Men's Basketball home games; two season tickets for the 2007

Rhode Island, University of

320

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 31, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. To protect your privacy, log in is required. Thank you for taking the time to vote! Please URI first public family to their newly built home The URI College of Human Science and Services and South County HabitatUniversity of Rhode Island inAdvance March 31, 2005 Volume 2, Issue 7 There's no place like home

Rhode Island, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Sustainable Development and Kish Island Environment Protection, using Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract—Kish Islands in South of Iran is located in coastal water near Hormozgan Province. Based on the wind 3-hour statistics in Kish station, the mean annual windspeed in this Island is 8.6 knot (4.3 m/s). The maximum windspeed recorded in this stations 47 knot (23.5 m/s). In 45.7 percent of recorded times, windspeed has been Zero or less than 8 knot which is not suitable to use the wind energy. But in 54.3 percent of recorded times, windspeed has been more than 8 knot and suitable to use wind energy to run turbines. In 40.2 percent of recorded times, windspeed has been between 8 to 16 knot, in 13 percent of times between 16 to 24 knot and in 1 percent of times it has been higher than 24 knot. In this station, the direction of winds higher than 8 is west and wind direction in Kish station is stable in most times of the year.With regard to high – speed and stable direction winds during the year and also shallow coasts near this is land, it is possible to build offshore wind farms near Kish Island and utilize wind energy produce the electricity required in this Island during most of the year.

Amir Gandomkar

322

Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be a concern, though recently, major improvements have been made in the wastewater collection and treatment of the utility of an irrigation strategy, modeling of a possible impact of climate change, quantification of water for the islands' limited public water distribution systems. Wastewater disposal continues

323

For Immediate Release Contact: Islamorada, Village of Islands Anita Muxo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-664-6426 anita.muxo@islamorada.fl.us RELEASE ISLAMORADA, VILLAGE OF ISLANDS SEWER CONNECTION SUBSIDY PROGRAM-restricted affordable housing with the costs of connecting to the Village's wastewater collection system. Through to the Village wastewater collection system but have not yet connected to the system. The Sewer Connection

Florida, University of

324

THE RETICULATING PHYLOGENY OF ISLAND BIOGEOGRAPHY Mark V. Lomolino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE RETICULATING PHYLOGENY OF ISLAND BIOGEOGRAPHY THEORY Mark V. Lomolino Department in the geographic variation of life, from the spatial variation in genetic and physiological characteristics and paradigms, but rather in fits and starts through a reticulating phylogeny of ideas and alternating periods

Brown, James H.

325

Ocean Thermal Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu Ocean Thermal Resources off the Hawaiian Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

information to assist developers of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems in site selection Energy Conversion The immense size of the ocean thermal resource and the baseload capability of OTECOcean Thermal Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu 1 Ocean Thermal Resources off

326

Variability of ozone in the marine boundary layer of the equatorial Pacific Ocean1 Xiao-Ming Hu1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

marine boundary layer of the Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands (latitude 8o 43'3 N al., 2000; Horowitz et al., 2003; Yang et13 al., 2005; von Glasow, 2008). Due to logistical

Thompson, Anne

327

Castle series, 1954. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CASTLE was an atmospheric nuclear weapons test series held in the Marshall Islands at Enewetak and Bikini atolls in 1954. This is a report of DOD peronnel in CASTLE with an emphasis on operations and radiological safety.

Martin, E.J.; Rowland, R.H.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Atomistic simulation study of misfit strain relaxation mechanisms in heteroepitaxial islands Avinash M. Dongare and Leonid V. Zhigilei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Stress distributions are analyzed for coherent and dislocated islands. Thermally-activated nucleation of small, tens of nm in size, clusters or islands. One of the methods of quantum dot generation is lattice by heteroepitaxial growth is sensitive to the stress distribution in and around the island. Moreover, when the island

Zhigilei, Leonid V.

329

South Jersey Energy Company (Rhode Island) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa,HomeIndiana:Rhode Island References: EIA Form

330

Market Update: New England Islanded Grids | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataCombined HeatInformation ResourcesIslandAboutMarket Update: New England

331

Aeromagnetic study of the Island of Hawaii | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergy Information Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff &Energythe Island

332

Bell Island Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass Facility JumpBedfordBelize: Energy ResourcesIsland

333

EDIN-USVI Clean Energy Quarterly: Volume 1 November 2010, Energy Development in Island Nations, U.S. Virgin Islands (Newsletter)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly newsletter provides timely news and information about the plans and progress of the Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands pilot project, including significant events and milestones, work undertaken by each of the five working groups, and EDIN-sponsored renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.

Not Available

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

EDIN-USVI Clean Energy Quarterly: Volume 1, Issue 2, March 2011, Energy Development in Island Nations, U.S. Virgin Islands (Newsletter)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly newsletter provides timely news and information about the plans and progress of the Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands pilot project, including significant events and milestones, work undertaken by each of the five working groups, and project-related renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.

Not Available

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Acoustic Modeling for Aqua Ventus I off Monhegan Island, ME  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DeepCwind consortium, led by the University of Maine, was awarded funding under the US Department of Energy’s Offshore Wind Advanced Technology Demonstration Program to develop two floating offshore wind turbines in the Gulf of Maine equipped with Goldwind 6 MW direct drive turbines, as the Aqua Ventus I project. The Goldwind turbines have a hub height of 100 m. The turbines will be deployed in Maine State waters, approximately 2.9 miles off Monhegan Island; Monhegan Island is located roughly 10 miles off the coast of Maine. In order to site and permit the offshore turbines, the acoustic output must be evaluated to ensure that the sound will not disturb residents on Monhegan Island, nor input sufficient sound levels into the nearby ocean to disturb marine mammals. This initial assessment of the acoustic output focuses on the sound of the turbines in air by modeling the assumed sound source level, applying a sound propagation model, and taking into account the distance from shore.

Whiting, Jonathan M.; Hanna, Luke A.; DeChello, Nicole L.; Copping, Andrea E.

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

336

Distribution and Ratios of 137Cs and K in Control and K-treated Coconut Trees at Bikini Island where Nuclear Test Fallout Occurred: Effects and Implications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coconut trees growing on atolls of the Bikini Islands are on the margin of K deficiency because the concentration of exchangeable K in coral soil is very low ranging from only 20 to 80 mg kg{sup -1}. When provided with additional K, coconut trees absorb large quantities of K and this uptake of K significantly alters the patterns of distribution of {sup 137}Cs within the plant. Following a single K fertilization event, mean total K in trunks of K-treated trees is 5.6 times greater than in trunks of control trees. In contrast, {sup 137}Cs concentration in trunks of K-treated and control trees is statistically the same while {sup 137}Cs is significantly lower in edible fruits of K treated trees. Within one year after fertilization (one rainy season), K concentration in soil is back to naturally, low concentrations, however, the tissue concentrations of K in treated trees stays very high internally in the trees for years while {sup 137}Cs concentration in treated trees remains very low in all tree compartments except for the trunk. Potassium fertilization did not change soil Cs availability. Mass balance calculations suggest that the fertilization event increased above ground plant K content by at least a factor of 5 or 2.2 kg. Potassium concentrations and content were higher in all organs of K fertilized trees with the greatest increases seen in organs that receive a portion of tissue K through xylem transport (trunk, fronds and fruit husks) and lowest in organs supplied predominantly with K via the phloem (palm heart, spathe, coco meat and fluid). {sup 137}Cesium concentrations and contents were dramatically lower in all organs of K treated trees with greatest proportional reductions observed in organs supplied predominantly with K via the phloem (palm heart, spathe, coco meat and fluid). All trees remobilize both K and {sup 137}Cs from fronds as they proceed toward senescence. In control trees the reduction in concentration of K and {sup 137}Cs in fronds as they age is logarithmic but K remobilization is linear in K-treated trees where K concentration is high. As a result of K treatment the {sup 137}Cs concentration in K-treated fronds is extremely low and constant with frond age. Fronds of K treated trees contain a greater amount of K than control tree fronds. As they fall to the ground and decay they provide a small continuing pool of K that is about 3% of the natural K in soil under the tree canopy. Results of K and {sup 137}Cs concentration and distribution in control and K-treated coconut trees suggest that the application of K reduces {sup 137}Cs uptake both in the short term immediately following K fertilization and in the long term, after soil K levels have returned to normal but while plant K stores remain high. These results suggests that high internal K concentration and not high soil K is primarily responsible for long-term reduction of {sup 137}Cs in edible fruits, and plays a significant role in limiting further uptake of {sup 137}Cs by roots, and affects allocation of {sup 137}Cs to edible fruits for years. Coconut trees are capable of luxury K accumulation when provided with excess K and in this example the additional K can effectively provide the K requirements of the plant for in excess of 10 years. The reduction of {sup 137}Cs uptake lasts for at least 10 y after K is last applied and greatly reduces the estimated radiation dose to people consuming local tree foods. Effectiveness and duration of K treatment provides important assurances that reduction in {sup 137}Cs is long term and the radiation dose from consuming local plant foods will remain low.

Robison, W L; Brown, P H; Stone, E L; Hamilton, T F; Conrado, C L; Kehl, S R

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

337

Strategies for International Cooperation in Support of Energy Development in Pacific Island Nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been partnering with island communities around the world to address the technical, policy, social, and economic hurdles to deploying energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies (RETs) on small, islanded systems. The lessons learned from these partnerships are briefly summarized in this document with the goal of supporting the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in the development of specific near-term and longer-term strategies for island RET deployment.

Miller, M.; Voss, P.; Warren, A.; Baring-Gould, I.; Conrad, M.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

E-Print Network 3.0 - ascension island south Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

25 MTRGAscension Management Plan 2002 SECTION 6: DEVELOPMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE FOR ECOTOURISM Summary: from Ascension Island. Photos 21 & 22: Display Boards at Airhead and...

339

Spatial localization of resistive drift wave structure in tokamak edge plasmas with an embedded magnetic island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resistive drift wave instability is investigated numerically in tokamak edge plasma confined by sheared slab magnetic field geometry with an embedded magnetic island. The focus is on the structural characteristics of eigenmode inside the island, where the density profile tends to be flattened. A transition of the dominant eigenmode occurs around a critical island width w{sub c}. For thin islands with a width below w{sub c}, two global long wavelength eigenmodes with approximately the same growth rate but different eigenfrequency are excited, which are stabilized by the magnetic island through two-dimensional mode coupling in both x and y (corresponding to radial and poloidal in tokamak) directions. On the other hand, a short wavelength eigenmode, which is destabilized by thick islands with a width above w{sub c}, dominates the edge fluctuation, showing a prominent structural localization in the region between the X-point and the O-point of the magnetic island. The main destabilization mechanism is identified as the mode coupling in the y direction, which is similar to the so-called toroidal coupling in tokamak plasmas. These three eigenmodes may coexist in the drift wave fluctuation for the island with a width around w{sub c}. It is demonstrated that the structural localization results mainly from the quasilinear flattening of density profile inside the magnetic island.

Hu, Shilin; Qu, Hongpeng [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Sichuan, Chengdu 610041 (China); Li, Jiquan, E-mail: lijq@energy.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Kishimoto, Y. [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

E-Print Network 3.0 - active anti-islanding method Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

...22 3.3.3 Anti-islanding, Microgrid Settings Reset (Lockout... Connect State: In the Connect state the CERTS Switch checks ... Source:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-islanding method based Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

...22 3.3.3 Anti-islanding, Microgrid Settings Reset (Lockout... Connect State: In the Connect state the CERTS Switch checks ... Source:...

342

Laterally self-ordered silicon-germanium islands with optimized confinement properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the electronic confinement properties of self-assembled islands forming via silicon and germanium co-deposition in molecular beam epitaxy. This approach allows the fabrication of laterally self-ordered three dimensional islands in the Stranski-Krastanow growth mode. Using a systematic structural analysis, we derive a realistic fit-parameter free island model for band structure simulations. A comparison between these band structure simulations and photoluminescence spectroscopy shows that such islands have a significant three dimensional spatial electron-hole wave function overlap. In addition, we show that this spatial wave function overlap overcompensates a weak wave function spreading in k-space.

Zabel, Thomas; Sircar, Narayan [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Hauke, Norman; Kaniber, Michael; Finley, Jonathan J. [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany)] [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Zweck, Josef; Bougeard, Dominique [Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany)] [Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Döblinger, Markus [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilian Universität München, D-81377 Munich (Germany)] [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilian Universität München, D-81377 Munich (Germany); Abstreiter, Gerhard [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Arakawa, Yasuhiko [Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institute of Industrial Science, Institute for Nano Quantum Information Electronics, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505 (Japan)

2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

343

Microsoft Word - CX-SundialIsland-FY13_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

20, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP- TPP- 1 Proposed Action: Sundial Island Transmission Tower...

344

Three Mile Island accident and post-accident recovery: what did we learn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A description of the accident at Three Mile Island-2 reactor is presented. Activities related to the cleanup and decontamination of the reactor are described.

Collins, E.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Assessing the costs of solar power plants for the Island of Roatąn .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This is an analysis assessing the installation costs of different solar power plant technologies and the current commercial availability for installation on the Island or… (more)

Huwe, Ethan (Ethan L.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Genomic islands predict functional adaptation in marine actinobacteria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Linking functional traits to bacterial phylogeny remains a fundamental but elusive goal of microbial ecology 1. Without this information, it becomes impossible to resolve meaningful units of diversity and the mechanisms by which bacteria interact with each other and adapt to environmental change. Ecological adaptations among bacterial populations have been linked to genomic islands, strain-specific regions of DNA that house functionally adaptive traits 2. In the case of environmental bacteria, these traits are largely inferred from bioinformatic or gene expression analyses 2, thus leaving few examples in which the functions of island genes have been experimentally characterized. Here we report the complete genome sequences of Salinispora tropica and S. arenicola, the first cultured, obligate marine Actinobacteria 3. These two species inhabit benthic marine environments and dedicate 8-10percent of their genomes to the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. Despite a close phylogenetic relationship, 25 of 37 secondary metabolic pathways are species-specific and located within 21 genomic islands, thus providing new evidence linking secondary metabolism to ecological adaptation. Species-specific differences are also observed in CRISPR sequences, suggesting that variations in phage immunity provide fitness advantages that contribute to the cosmopolitan distribution of S. arenicola 4. The two Salinispora genomes have evolved by complex processes that include the duplication and acquisition of secondary metabolite genes, the products of which provide immediate opportunities for molecular diversification and ecological adaptation. Evidence that secondary metabolic pathways are exchanged by Horizontal Gene Transfer (HGT) yet are fixed among globally distributed populations 5 supports a functional role for their products and suggests that pathway acquisition represents a previously unrecognized force driving bacterial diversification

Penn, Kevin; Jenkins, Caroline; Nett, Markus; Udwary, Daniel; Gontang, Erin; McGlinchey, Ryan; Foster, Brian; Lapidus, Alla; Podell, Sheila; Allen, Eric; Moore, Bradley; Jensen, Paul

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

DEMONSTRATION OF BLACK LIQUOR GASIFICATION AT BIG ISLAND  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Technical Progress Report provides an account of the status of the project for the demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific Corporation's Big Island, VA facility. The report also includes budget information and a milestone schedule. The project to be conducted by G-P is a comprehensive, complete commercial-scale demonstration that is divided into two phases. Phase I is the validation of the project scope and cost estimate. Phase II is project execution, data acquisition and reporting, and consists of procurement of major equipment, construction and start-up of the new system. Phase II also includes operation of the system for a period of time to demonstrate the safe operation and full integration of the energy and chemical recovery systems in a commercial environment. The objective of Phase I is to validate the process design and to engineer viable solutions to any technology gaps. This phase includes engineering and planning for the integration of the full-scale MTCI/StoneChem PulseEnhanced{trademark} black liquor steam-reformer chemical recovery system into G-P's operating pulp and paper mill at Big Island, Virginia. During this phase, the scope and cost estimate will be finalized to confirm the cost of the project and its integration into the existing system at the mill. The objective of Phase II of the project is the successful and safe completion of the engineering, construction and functional operation of the fully integrated full-scale steam reformer process system. This phase includes installation of all associated support systems and equipment required for the enhanced recovery of both energy and chemicals from all of the black liquor generated from the pulping process at the Big Island Mill. The objective also includes operation of the steam reformer system to demonstrate the ability of the system to operate reliably and achieve designed levels of energy and chemical recovery while maintaining environmental emissions at or below the limits set by the environmental permits.

Robert DeCarrera

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

348

Analysis of Three Mile Island-Unit 2 accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nuclear Safety Analysis Center (NSAC) of the Electric Power Research Institute has analyzed the Three Mile Island-2 accident. Early results of this analysis were a brief narrative summary, issued in mid-May 1979 and an initial version of this report issued later in 1979 as noted in the Foreword. The present report is a revised version of the 1979 report, containing summaries, a highly detailed sequence of events, a comparison of that sequence of events with those from other sources, 25 appendices, references and a list of abbreviations and acronyms. A matrix of equipment and system actions is included as a folded insert.

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

U.S. Virgin Islands Energy Road Map: Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report lays out the strategy envisioned by the stakeholders in the U.S. Virgin Islands, U.S. Department of Energy, and U.S. Department of Interior to achieve the ambitious goal of achieving a 60% reduction in business-as-usual fossil fuel demand by 2025 (60x25) within the electricity sector. This work and supporting analysis provides a framework within which decisions can begin to be made, a concrete vision of what the future might hold, and a guide to determine what questions should follow.

Lantz, E.; Olis, D.; Warren, A.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Three Mile Island waste management: a DOE Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting waste management research and development activities which are applicable to the cleanup of the Three Mile Island-Unit 2 nuclear reactor. These activities have enabled DOE to provide timely assistance to General Public Utilities (GPU), the utility owner, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the State of Pennsylvania in their efforts to quickly and safely clean up the damaged reactor. The DOE has been particularly active in evaluating proposed cleanup systems, providing information on waste characteristics, and advising GPU and NRC as to appropriate disposal methods for the waste generated during the cleanup. A description and discussion of some of these activities is presented.

D'Ambrosia, J.T.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Integrated defueling system for Three Mile Island Unit 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The unique clean-up requirements of Three Mile Island Unit 2 have posed first-of-a-kind challenges for the equipment, tools, and operators involved in the defueling effort. Various equipment components and specialty remote tools were designed as an integrated defueling system to provide a means of safely working above the reactor and removing core debris. The basic defueling system consists of support equipment and specialty remote tools for specific operations. This paper describes the different equipment and tools, and explains the key interfaces and features of the integrated defueling system.

Brown, D.A.; Gallagher, R.E.; Rider, R.L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Newby Island I Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City) Jump to: navigation,Newark isNewby Island I

353

Newby Island II Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City) Jump to: navigation,Newark isNewby Island III

354

MHK Projects/Cat Island Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAK Technologies Jump to:BW2 Tidal <CETO LaCat Island Project

355

MHK Projects/Island 14 Bend | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAK Technologies Jump to:BW2Greenville BendHopeIjsselmeerIsland 14

356

MHK Projects/Turnbull Island | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IE < MHK ProjectRose BendReachTurnbull Island

357

Cumberland Hill, Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003)Crowley County, Colorado:Cumberland CountyRhode Island:

358

Project Fact Sheet Long Island HTS Power Cable Superconducting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket |21,-CommitteeItems at6ACity HQ StateTheLong Island

359

Long Island HTS Power Cable | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't Happen toLeveragingLindsey GeislerEnergyLochinvarLong Island

360

Bay Harbor Islands, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine:Barbers Point Housing,Illinois:County is30.1805306Ā°,Harbor Islands,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Blue Island, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:formBlue Energy Address: Box 29068 1950Blue Island is a

362

Energy Incentive Programs, Rhode Island | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergyIDIQBusinessin Jamaica,Idaho EnergyMontanaOregon EnergyRhode Island

363

Northern Mariana Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico:Community NominationsCarolinaā€ˇ |NAE/EnelAZMariana Islands:

364

Saint Paul Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton Abbey Wind Farm(CTIhinder forLucia: EnergyIsland

365

San Clemente Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton Abbey WindSamsung Jump to:San Clemente Island Wind

366

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Staten Island Warehouse - NY 22  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou areDowntown Site - MO 02 FUSRAPStaten Island

367

Rock Island, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia BlueRiverwoods, Illinois:239178Ā°,is a927003Ā°,AtIsland,

368

Kelleys Island, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6 ClimateKamas, Utah:Kaufman684342Ā°,KeithKelleys Island,

369

Virgin Islands Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept.| Department ofEducationVirgin Islands Recovery Act State

370

Indium Growth and Island Height Control on Si Submonolayer Phases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanotechnology refers any technique that involves about object with nanoscale (10{sup -9} m) or even smaller. It has become more and more important in recently years and has changed our world dramatically. Most of modern electronic devices today should thanks to the miniaturizing driven by development of nanotechnology. Recent years, more and more governments are investing huge amount of money in research related to nanotechnology. There are two major reasons that nanostructure is so fascinate. The first one is the miniaturizing. It is obvious that if we can make products smaller without losing the features, we can save the cost and increase the performance dramatically. For an example, the first computer in the world, ENIAC, which occupied several rooms, is less powerful than the cheapest calculator today. Today's chips with sizes of less than half an inch contain millions of basic units. All these should thank to the development of nanotechnology. The other reason is that when we come to nanoscale, there are many new effects due to the quantum effect which can't be found in large systems. For an example, quantum dots (QDs) are systems which sizes are below 1{micro}m(10{sup -6}m) and restricted in three dimensions. There are many interesting quantum effects in QDs, including discrete energy levels, and interdot coupling. Due to these properties and their small sizes, QDs have varies potential applications such as quantum computing, probe, light emitting device, solar cells, and laser. To meet the requirement of the nanoelectrical applications, the QDs must be grown highly uniformly because their property is highly dependent on their sizes. The major methods to grow uniform QDs include epitaxial, and lithograph. Lithography is a process to make patterns on a thin film by selectively removing certain parts of the film. Using this method, people have good control over size, location and spacing of QDs. For an example, the Extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) have a wave length of 13.4nm so it can curve on the surface of an sample to make structure as small as the order of 10nm. however, lithograph usually causes permanent damages to the surface and in many cases the QDs are damaged during the lithograph and therefore result in high percentage of defects. Quantum size effect has attracted more and more interests in surface science due to many of its effects. One of its effects is the height preference in film growing and the resulting possibility of uniformly sized self-assemble nanostructure. The experiment of Pb islands on In 4x1 phase shows that both the height and the width can be controlled by proper growth conditions, which expands the growth dimensions from 1 to 2. This discover leads us to study the In/Pb interface. In Ch.3, we found that the Pb islands growing on In 4x1-Si(111) surface which have uniform height due to QSE and uniform width due to the constriction of In 4x1 lattice have unexpected stability. These islands are stable in even RT, unlike usual nanostructures on Pb/Si surface which are stable only at low temperature. Since similar structures are usually grown at low temperature, this discovery makes the grown structures closer to technological applications. It also shows the unusual of In/Pb interface. Then we studied the In islands grown on Pb-{alpha}-{radical}3x{radical}3-Si(111) phase in Ch.4. These islands have fcc structure in the first few layers, and then convert to bct structure. The In fcc islands have sharp height preference due to QSE like Pb islands. However, the preferred height is different (7 layer for Pb on Si 7x7 and 4 layer for Pb on In 4x1), due to the difference of interface. The In islands structure prefers to be bct than fcc with coverage increase. It is quantitatively supported by first-principle calculation. Unexpectedly, the In islands grown on various of In interfaces didn't show QSE effects and phase transition from fcc and bct structures as on the Pb-{alpha} interface (Ch.6). In g(s) curve there is no clear oscillations in the g(s) curve as the In on Pb-{alpha} phase. This

Chen, Jizhou

2009-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

371

Electron thermal transport within magnetic islands in the reversed-field pinch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tearing mode induced magnetic islands have a significant impact on the thermal characteristics of magnetically confined plasmas such as those in the reversed-field pinch (RFP). New Thomson scattering diagnostic capability on the Madison Symmetric Torus (MST) RFP has enabled measurement of the thermal transport characteristics of islands. Electron temperature (T{sub e}) profiles can now be acquired at 25 kHz, sufficient to measure the effect of an island on the profile as the island rotates by the measurement point. In standard MST plasmas with a spectrum of unstable tearing modes, remnant islands are present in the core between sawtoothlike reconnection events. Associated with these island remnants is flattening of the T{sub e} profile inside the island separatricies. This flattening is characteristic of rapid parallel heat conduction along helical magnetic field lines. In striking contrast, a temperature gradient within an m=1, n=5 island is observed in these same plasmas just after a sawtooth event when the m=1, n=5 mode may briefly come into resonance near the magnetic axis. This suggests local heating and relatively good confinement within the island. Local power balance calculations suggest reduced thermal transport within this island relative to the confinement properties of standard MST discharges between reconnection events. The magnetic field and island structure is modeled with three-dimensional nonlinear resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulations (DEBS code) with Lundquist numbers matching those in MST during standard discharges. During improved confinement plasmas with reduced tearing mode activity, temperature fluctuations correlated with magnetic signals are small with characteristic fluctuation amplitudes of order T-tilde{sub e}/T{sub e}approx2%.

Stephens, H. D.; Reusch, J. A. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Den Hartog, D. J. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Center for Magnetic Self-Organization in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Hegna, C. C. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Department of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1500 Engineering Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Targeted Gene Deletion Demonstrates that Cell Adhesion MoleculeICAM-4 is Critical for Erythroblastic Island Formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Erythroid progenitors differentiate in erythroblastic islands, bone marrow niches composed of erythroblasts surrounding a central macrophage. Evidence suggests that within islands adhesive interactions regulate erythropoiesis and apoptosis. We are exploring whether erythroid intercellular adhesion molecule-4 (ICAM-4), animmunoglobulin superfamily member, participates in island formation. Earlier, we identified alpha V integrins as ICAM-4 counter receptors. Since macrophages express alpha V, ICAM-4 potentially mediates island attachments. To test this, we generated ICAM-4 knockout mice and developed quantitative, live cell techniques for harvesting intact islands and for reforming islands in vitro. We observed a 47 percent decrease in islands reconstituted from ICAM-4 null marrow compared to wild type. We also found a striking decrease in islands formed in vivo in knockout mice. Further, peptides that block ICAM-4 alpha V adhesion produced a 53-57 percent decrease in reconstituted islands, strongly suggesting that ICAM-4 binding to macrophage alpha V functions in island integrity. Importantly, we documented that alpha V integrin is expressed in macrophages isolated from erythro blastic islands. Collectively, these data provide convincing evidence that ICAM-4 is critical in erythroblastic island formation via ICAM-4/alpha V adhesion and also demonstrate that the novel experimental strategies we developed will be valuable in exploring molecular mechanisms of erythroblastic island formation and their functional role in regulating erythropoiesis.

Lee, Gloria; Lo, Annie; Short, Sarah A.; Mankelow, Tosti J.; Spring, Frances; Parsons, Stephen F.; Mohandas, Narla; Anstee, David J.; Chasis, Joel Anne

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) PV integration study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report investigates the effects that increased distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation would have on the Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) system operating requirements. The study focused on determining reserve requirements needed to mitigate the impact of PV variability on system frequency, and the impact on operating costs. Scenarios of 5-MW, 10-MW, and 15-MW nameplate capacity of PV generation plants distributed across the Kauai Island were considered in this study. The analysis required synthesis of the PV solar resource data and modeling of the KIUC system inertia. Based on the results, some findings and conclusions could be drawn, including that the selection of units identified as marginal resources that are used for load following will change; PV penetration will displace energy generated by existing conventional units, thus reducing overall fuel consumption; PV penetration at any deployment level is not likely to reduce system peak load; and increasing PV penetration has little effect on load-following reserves. The study was performed by EnerNex under contract from Sandia National Laboratories with cooperation from KIUC.

Ellis, Abraham; Mousseau, Tom (Knoxville, TN)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Structural stability of the Weeks Island oil repository  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 3-D finite element analysis was performed to evaluate the stability of the SPR upper and lower oil storage levels at Weeks Island. The mechanical analysis predicted stresses and strains from which pillar stability was inferred using a fracture criterion developed from previous testing of Weeks Island salt. This analysis simulated the sequential mining of the two levels and subsequent oil fill of the mine. The predicted subsidence rates compare well to those measured over the past few years. Predicted failure mechanisms agree with observations made at the time the mine was being modified for oil storage. The modeling technique employed here treats an infinite array of pillars and is a reasonable representation of the behavior at the center of the mine. This analysis predicts that the lower level pillars, at the center of the mine, have fractured and their stability at this time is questionable. Localized pillar fracturing is predicted and implies that the mine is entering a phase of continual time dependent deterioration. Continued and expanded monitoring of the facility and development of methods to assess and predict its behavior are more important now than ever.

Preece, D.S.; Ehgartner, B.L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Geographic information system for Long Island: An epidemiologic systems approach to identify environmental breast cancer risks on Long Island. Phase 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

BNL is developing and implementing the project ``Geographic Information System (GIS) for Long Island`` to address the potential relationship of environmental and occupational exposures to breast cancer etiology on Long Island. The project is divided into two major phases: The four month-feasibility project (Phase 1), and the major development and implementation project (Phase 2). This report summarizes the work completed in the four month Phase 1 Project, ``Feasibility of a Geographic Information System for Long Island.`` It provides the baseline information needed to further define and prioritize the scope of work for subsequent tasks. Phase 2 will build upon this foundation to develop an operational GIS for the Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project (LIBCSP).

Barancik, J.I.; Kramer, C.F.; Thode, H.C. Jr.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA: EVIDENCE island on the Bering Shelf between Russia andAlaska and was the subject of reconnaissance investigations a syenite pluton at Cape Dezhnev on the Chukotka Peninsula of Russia. These geochemical data are used

Amato, Jeff

377

POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA: EVIDENCE island on the Bering Shelf between Russia andAlaska and was the subject of reconnaissance investigations a syenite pluton at Cape Dezhnev on the Chukotka Peninsula of Russia. These geo-chemical data are used

Toro, Jaime

378

A Preliminary Study of the Marine Biota at Navassa Island, Caribbean Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Preliminary Study of the Marine Biota at Navassa Island, Caribbean Sea MARK GRACE, MELISSA.gov]. ABSTRACT--A preliminary study of reef fish and sharks was conducted at Navassa Island in the Caribbean Sea remote loca tion (southwest of the Windward Passage, Caribbean Sea) and lack of human habi tation. Reef

379

Sustainable Tourism Development in the Greek Islands and the Role of Tourism research and Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 643 - Sustainable Tourism Development in the Greek Islands and the Role of Tourism research of sustainable tourism. In the first part of our paper, we shall examine the tourist development features which contribute towards more sustainable development patterns in the Greek islands. Finally

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

380

Island formation and destruction of flux surfaces in three-dimensional MHD equilibria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the physics involved in the appearance of islands due to resonant pressure driven currents in three-dimensional MHD equilibria. Estimates of island widths are obtained by an expansion in ..beta... The theory is applied to Princeton's heliac reference design.

Reiman, A.H.; Boozer, A.H.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Monsoon surges trigger oceanic eddy formation and propagation in the lee of the Philippine Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind jets and wakes in the lee of Mindoro and Luzon Islands induce the generation and migration of the winds with the topography of the islands creates strong curl patterns that spin-up a field of cyclonic to the orientation of the winds during each of the surges. Features shared by the eddies include size (100Ā­ 200 km

382

Gravity anomalies of the Northern Hawaiian Islands: Implications on the shield evolutions of Kauai and Niihau  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravity anomalies of the Northern Hawaiian Islands: Implications on the shield evolutions of Kauai January 2010; accepted 16 March 2010; published 31 August 2010. [1] New land and marine gravity data reveal two positive residual gravity anomalies in the Northern Hawaiian Islands: one over Kaua

Ito, Garrett

383

Taxonomic inventories and assessments of terrestrial snails on the islands of Tinian and Aguiguan in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agreement (MIPR No. M6738507POFM189) between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S. Marine Corps (Hadfield et al., 1993; Paulay, 1994). Because most of the land snails on islands are small and relatively by relatively few families, the land snails on islands of the tropical Pacific exhibit spectacular evolutionary

Mcilwain, Jenny

384

Sculpting Semiconductor Heteroepitaxial Islands: From Dots to Rods J. T. Robinson,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of routes for island array assembly [12Ā­15]. While some success has been achieved in producing island]. Briefly, a Si wafer is rinsed in methanol, H terminated in a dilute HF:H2O (1:10) solution, and loaded

Evans, Paul G.

385

Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

Royal Holloway, University of London

386

Tropical Forestry Researchat the USDA Forest Service's Instituteof Pacific Islands Forestry1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tropical Forestry Researchat the USDA Forest Service's Instituteof Pacific Islands Forestry1 C greater emphasis on tropical forestry management and research was provided by the International Forestry Islands Forestry in Hawaii, the Institute of Tropical Forestry in Puerto Rico, and the U S . Forest

Standiford, Richard B.

387

Secondary Voltage Unbalance Compensation for Three-Phase Four-Wire Islanded Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a cluster of distributed resources (DRs), i.e. distributed generation (DG), distributed storage (DSSecondary Voltage Unbalance Compensation for Three-Phase Four-Wire Islanded Microgrids Fen Tang four-wire islanded microgrid systems. It is implemented in the secondary control level of the microgrid

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

388

RELATIONSHIPS OF THE BLUE SHARK, PRZONACE GLAUCA, AND ITS PREY SPECIES NEAR SANTA CATALINA ISLAND, CALIFORNIA'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATIONSHIPS OF THE BLUE SHARK, PRZONACE GLAUCA, AND ITS PREY SPECIES NEAR SANTA CATALINA ISLAND the major prey for the blue shark, Prionace glauca, near Santa Catalina Island, Calif. The northern anchovy to prey behavior. The blue shark,Prionace glauca (Carcharhinidae) (Figure 11,is a pelagic carnivore

Tricas, Timothy C.

389

The Marshall Islands Journal --Friday, November 4, 2011 27 An interactive demonstration of wave-reef  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Marshall Islands Journal -- Friday, November 4, 2011 27 An interactive demonstration of wave-reef interactions at the College of the Marshall Islands was on display at this year's School of Ocean and Earth the aspects of the "oceanic fisheries program." The report's acknowledgements section recognizes Marshall

390

Dissolved metal contamination in the East RiverLong Island sound system: potential biological effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the United States. The ER­WLIS region receives treated sewage from 18 wastewater treatment plants in New YorkDissolved metal contamination in the East River­Long Island sound system: potential biological sewage, and to assess its possible biological impact on local waters. The East River­Long Island Sound

Johnsen, Sönke

391

A SURVEY OF CIGUATERA AT ENEWETAK AND BIKINI, MARSHALL ISLANDS, WITH NOTES ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SURVEY OF CIGUATERA AT ENEWETAK AND BIKINI, MARSHALL ISLANDS, WITH NOTES ON THE SYSTEMATICS ofpotentially ciguatoxicfishes from Enewetak and 256 specimens of 23 species from Bikini, Marshall Islands, were. In all, 37.3% of the fishes from Enewetak and 19.7% from Bikini gave a positive reaction for ciguatoxin

392

Modeling the fate and transport of nitrogen and sediment within coastal embayments on St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent rises in resident and tourist populations on St. John in the U.S. Virgin Islands have spurred the construction of new roads and housing developments throughout much of the island. As a result, a number of ...

Walker, Jeffrey D. (Jeffrey Douglas)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

FIGURE 1 Map of Britain and Ireland showing the main islands men-tioned in the text.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Publishing Group). Rautner, M., M. Hardiono, and R.J. Alfred. 2005. Borneo: Treasure Island at risk. Status

Gillespie, Rosemary

394

REACTOR DOSIMETRY STUDY OF THE RHODE ISLAND NUCLEAR SCIENCE CENTER.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center (RINSC), located on the Narragansett Bay Campus of the University of Rhode Island, is a state-owned and US NRC-licensed nuclear facility constructed for educational and industrial applications. The main building of RINSC houses a two-megawatt (2 MW) thermal power critical reactor immersed in demineralized water within a shielded tank. As its original design in 1958 by the Rhode Island Atomic Energy Commission focused on the teaching and research use of the facility, only a minimum of 3.85 kg fissile uranium-235 was maintained in the fuel elements to allow the reactor to reach a critical state. In 1986 when RINSC was temporarily shutdown to start US DOE-directed core conversion project for national security reasons, all the U-Al based Highly-Enriched Uranium (HEU, 93% uranium-235 in the total uranium) fuel elements were replaced by the newly developed U{sub 3}Si{sub 2}-Al based Low Enriched Uranium (LEU, {le}20% uranium-235 in the total uranium) elements. The reactor first went critical after the core conversion was achieved in 1993, and feasibility study on the core upgrade to accommodate Boron Neutron-Captured Therapy (BNCT) was completed in 2000 [3]. The 2-MW critical reactor at RINSC which includes six beam tubes, a thermal column, a gamma-ray experimental station and two pneumatic tubes has been extensive utilized as neutron-and-photon dual source for nuclear-specific research in areas of material science, fundamental physics, biochemistry, and radiation therapy. After the core conversion along with several major system upgrade (e.g. a new 3-MW cooling tower, a large secondary piping system, a set of digitized power-level instrument), the reactor has become more compact and thus more effective to generate high beam flux in both the in-core and ex-core regions for advance research. If not limited by the manpower and operating budget in recent years, the RINSC built ''in concrete'' structure and control systems should have been systematically upgraded to a 5 Mw power facility to further enhance its experimental capability while still maintaining its safe margin as designed.

HOLDEN, N.E.,; RECINIELLO, R.N.; HU, J.-P.

2005-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

395

Absolute orientation-dependent anisotropic TiN,,111... island step energies and stiffnesses from shape fluctuation analyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute orientation-dependent anisotropic TiN,,111... island step energies and stiffnesses from fluctuations about the anisotropic equilibrium shape of two-dimensional TiN 111 adatom and vacancy islands on atomically smooth TiN 111 terraces. The equilibrium island shape was found to be a truncated hexagon bounded

Khare, Sanjay V.

396

Large electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands J. X. Zhang, G. Sheng, and L. Q. Chen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands J. X. Zhang, G. Sheng, and L. Q. Chen electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands J. X. Zhang,a G. Sheng, and L. Q. Chen Department mechanism that generates large recoverable electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands

Chen, Long-Qing

397

Impacts of the Norway Rat on the auklet breeding colony at Sirius Point, Kiska Island, Alaska in 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impacts of the Norway Rat on the auklet breeding colony at Sirius Point, Kiska Island, Alaska of the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) onto Kiska Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, in the 1940s (Murie 1959 and to investigate the biology and demography of the Norway rat population. Moors and Atkinson (1984) suggested

Jones, Ian L.

398

Abstract--The mainly used islanding detection techniques may be classified as active and passive techniques. Passive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of distributed generation (DG), when the passive technique cannot have a clear discrimination between islanding islanding of distribution systems with DGs. Index Terms-- Distributed generation, islanding detection, real power shift, voltage change. I. INTRODUCTION here is a renewed interest in the distributed generation

Mahat, Pukar

399

Methyl-CpG island-associated genome signature tags  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method for analyzing the organismic complexity of a sample through analysis of the nucleic acid in the sample. In the disclosed method, through a series of steps, including digestion with a type II restriction enzyme, ligation of capture adapters and linkers and digestion with a type IIS restriction enzyme, genome signature tags are produced. The sequences of a statistically significant number of the signature tags are determined and the sequences are used to identify and quantify the organisms in the sample. Various embodiments of the invention described herein include methods for using single point genome signature tags to analyze the related families present in a sample, methods for analyzing sequences associated with hyper- and hypo-methylated CpG islands, methods for visualizing organismic complexity change in a sampling location over time and methods for generating the genome signature tag profile of a sample of fragmented DNA.

Dunn, John J

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

400

Waste-to-Energy Evaluation: U.S. Virgin Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This NREL technical report evaluates the environmental impact and fundamental economics of waste-to-energy (WTE) technology based on available data from commercially operating WTE facilities in the United States. In particular, it considers life-cycle impacts of WTE as compared to landfill disposal and various forms of electrical generation, as well as WTE impacts on source reduction or recycling programs. In addition, it evaluates the economics and potential environmental impact of WTE in the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) based on existing USVI waste stream characterization data, recycling challenges unique to the USVI, and the results of cost and environmental modeling of four municipal solid waste (MSW) management options, including landfill, refuse-derived fuel (RDF) production, recycling, and gassification plus RDF.

Davis, J.; Hasse, S.; Warren, A.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Rock Island Dam Smolt Monitoring; 1996 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Downstream migrating salmon and steelhead (Oncoryhnchus spp.) smolts were monitored at the Rock Island Dam bypass trap from April 1--August 31, 1996. This was the twelfth consecutive year that the bypass trap was monitored. Data collected included: (1) number of fish collected by species, (2) number of fin clipped and/or Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tagged fish caught by species, (3) total number of fish showing signs of gas bubble trauma (GBT), (4) percent of descaled fish, and (5) daily average river flow, powerhouse {number_sign}1 flow, powerhouse {number_sign}2 flow and daily average spill. These data were transmitted to the Fish Passage Center (FPC), which manages the Smolt Monitoring Program throughout the Columbia River Basin. The Smolt Monitoring Program is used to manage the water budget, releasing upstream reservoir water storage allocated to supplement river flows during the downstream migration of juvenile salmonids.

McDonald, Robert (Chelan County Public Utility District No. 1, Power Operations Department, Wenatchee, WA)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Accident at Three Mile Island: the human dimensions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 19 chapters, divided according to the following Parts: (1) Public Perceptions of Nuclear Energy; (2) Local Responses to Nuclear Plants; (3) Institutional Responsibilities for Nuclear Energy; (4) The Interaction of Social and Technical Systems; and (5) Implications for Public Policy. All of the abstracts will appear in Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA); three will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA). At the request of the President's Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island (the Kemeny Commission), the Social Science Research Council commissioned social scientists to write a series of papers on the human dimensions of the event. This volume includes those papers, in revised and expanded form, and a comprehensive bibliography of published and unpublished social science research on the accident and its aftermath.

Sills, D.L.; Wolf, C.P.; Shelanski, V.B. (eds.)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Cluster radioactivities from an island of cluster emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have recently developed a realistic model for studying cluster radioactivities from actinide nuclei. This model uses a cubic potential in the overlapping region connected by a Yukawa-plus-exponential potential in the post-scission region. In the present work we use this model to study {sup 4}He, {sup 12}C, {sup 16}O, and {sup 28}Si radioactivities in the region of nuclides with proton and neutron number in the range {ital Z}=56--64 and {ital N}=58--72, which has been recently identified by Poenaru {ital et} {ital al}. as a new island of such cluster emitters. It is found that charge equilibration is not needed in the study of these radioactivities and the half-lives obtained for these decays lie very close to those reported by Poenaru {ital et} {ital al}. using their analytical super asymmetric fission model.

Shanmugam, G.; Carmel Vigila Bai, G.M. [Department of Physics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli 627 002 (India)] [Department of Physics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli 627 002 (India); Kamalaharan, B. [Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005 (India)] [Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005 (India)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Hidden costs of the accident at Three Mile Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been possible to identify a significant drop in the performance of Pressurised Water Reactors (PWRs) in the western world following the accident at Three Mile Island (TMI). Although there are indications that the magnitude of the load factor reduction was slightly larger in the U.S., there is nevertheless strong evidence to suggest that the response was felt in all countries with operating PWRs. The effect did not, however, extend to other reactor systems; even the generically similar Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) suffered no drop in output. It is estimated that the costs, worldwide, of this fall in performance are of the same order as the TMI clean-up operation.

Evans, N.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Final report on Weeks Island Monitoring Phase : 1999 through 2004.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Final Report on the Monitoring Phase of the former Weeks Island Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage facility details the results of five years of monitoring of various surface accessible quantities at the decommissioned facility. The Weeks Island mine was authorized by the State of Louisiana as a Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil storage facility from 1979 until decommissioning of the facility in 1999. Discovery of a sinkhole over the facility in 1992 with freshwater inflow to the facility threatened the integrity of the oil storage and led to the decision to remove the oil, fill the chambers with brine, and decommission the facility. Thereafter, a monitoring phase, by agreement between the Department of Energy and the State, addressed facility stability and environmental concerns. Monitoring of the surface ground water and the brine of the underground chambers from the East Fill Hole produced no evidence of hydrocarbon contamination, which suggests that any unrecovered oil remaining in the underground chambers has been contained. Ever diminishing progression of the initial major sinkhole, and a subsequent minor sinkhole, with time was verification of the response of sinkholes to filling of the facility with brine. Brine filling of the facility ostensively eliminates any further growth or new formation from freshwater inflow. Continued monitoring of sinkhole response, together with continued surface surveillance for environmental problems, confirmed the intended results of brine pressurization. Surface subsidence measurements over the mine continued throughout the monitoring phase. And finally, the outward flow of brine was monitored as a measure of the creep closure of the mine chambers. Results of each of these monitoring activities are presented, with their correlation toward assuring the stability and environmental security of the decommissioned facility. The results suggest that the decommissioning was successful and no contamination of the surface environment by crude oil has been found.

Ehgartner, Brian L.; Munson, Darrell Eugene

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Annotated bibliography of selected references on shoreline barrier island deposits with emphasis on Patrick Draw Field, Sweetwater County, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This bibliography contains 290 annotated references on barrier island and associated depositional environments and reservoirs. It is not an exhaustive compilation of all references on the subject, but rather selected papers on barrier islands, and the depositional processes of formation. Papers that examine the morphology and internal architecture of barrier island deposits, exploration and development technologies are emphasized. Papers were selected that aid in understanding reservoir architecture and engineering technologies to help maximize recovery efficiency from barrier island oil reservoirs. Barrier islands from Wyoming, Montana and the Rocky Mountains basins are extensively covered.

Rawn-Schatzinger, V.; Schatzinger, R.A.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Increasing the active surface of titanium islands on graphene by nitrogen sputtering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Titanium-island formation on graphene as a function of defect density is investigated. When depositing titanium on pristine graphene, titanium atoms cluster and form islands with an average diameter of about 10nm and an average height of a few atomic layers. We show that if defects are introduced in the graphene by ion bombardment, the mobility of the deposited titanium atoms is reduced and the average diameter of the islands decreases to 5nm with monoatomic height. This results in an optimized coverage for hydrogen storage applications since the actual titanium surface available per unit graphene area is significantly increased.

Mashoff, T; Miseikis, V; Coletti, C; Piazza, V; Beltram, F; Heun, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Preliminary results of microearthquake survey, Northern Adak Island, Alaska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nine MEQ-800 portable seismic systems were emplaced and recordings taken during the 30 day period between September 5 to October 4, 1982. During this interval 190 events were correlated on two or more stations by Mincomp. Twenty four of these, seen on four or more stations and considered to be local in origin, yielded, according to Mincomp, reasonable hypocenters and origin times using a homogeneous earth model having a velocity of 5 km/sec. A plot of these hypocenters showed much of the microearthquake activity recorded during the survey to be located beneath Mt. Adagdak. This is different from the events located by the Butler and Keller (1974) microearthquake survey which placed hypocenters beneath the sea in Andrew Bay north and northwest of Mt. Adagdak. Butler and Keller did project a fault plane to the surface which would project southwest through Mt. Adagdak and Andrew Bay Volcano. ESL hypocenter locations using the layered earth model show many of the identified events to occur on the northeast corner of the island at focal depths of 8-10 km. It is not obvious that the observed events are related to a single active fault. If so, the fault must be at a low dip angle as shown by the least-squares-fit to the data on Figure 3. Alternatively, the majority of the events occurring within a fairly restrictive range of focal depths may be more indicative of a magma chamber and the movement of magma. Further interpretation of the microearthquake data obtained during 1982 is, however, outside the scope of this report. The relatively small error ellipses for hypocenter locations, compared to the distribution of hypocenters shown on Plates V and VI lead us to question the validity of the projection of all hypocenters to define a single fault location and orientation. It is apparent that two or more structures could be indicated by the present data and that these structures intersect near the north end of Adak island. The occurrence of most events in a narrow depth range would lead to considerable error in projecting a single fault plane to its surface intersection.

Mackelprang, Claron E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Networked Gathering On a warm Wednesday evening in Austin, Texas, midway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- nologies that are connected to a distributed transmission network such as the Internet or cell towers

410

Revised Biological Assessment for the Carrizo-Midway 230kV Reconductor...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

suitable habitat due to agricultural conversion and urban development. Mineral and gasoil exploration and extraction and water banking activities also have affected significant...

411

Microsoft Word - xx xx 13 Midway pole replacement news release final 2 12 13.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource Program PreliminaryA3, 1999 http://www.eia.doe.gov N Y M E X F u2433

412

EA-1912: Midway-Benton No. 1 Rebuild Project, near town of Desert Aire,  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit ServicesMirant PotomacFinal Environmental891: Sempra EnergyFinding of

413

FREQUENT BASALTIC PLINIAN ERUPTIONS IN THE HISTORY OF CHIKURACHKI VOLCANO, KURILE ISLANDS, RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FREQUENT BASALTIC PLINIAN ERUPTIONS IN THE HISTORY OF CHIKURACHKI VOLCANO, KURILE ISLANDS, RUSSIA, Petropavlovsk- Kamchatsky, Russia; belousov@mail.ru. (2) - GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany. Chikurachki is a young, active

Belousov, Alexander

414

Early Migratory Behavior of Northern Fur Seal (Callorhinus ursinus) Pups from Bering Island, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

examined the early migratory behavior and habitat associations of pups from Bering Island (BI), Russia. I instrumented 35 pups with Mk10-AL satellite tags and stomach temperature telemeters which provided diving, foraging and location data. I hypothesized...

Lee, Olivia Astillero

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

415

Shoreline Management at Padre Island National Seashore: An Investigation of Angler Relationships to the Beach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Park management at Padre Island National Seashore (PAIS) actively continues to modify the General Management Plan to maintain the safety of the increasing numbers of visitors and protect natural resources. When changes conflict with anglers' current...

Aldrich, Chelsea L.

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

416

Cost-Effectiveness of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 for the State of Rhode Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Moving to the ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2010 version from the Base Code (90.1-2007) is cost-effective for all building types and climate zones in the State of Rhode Island.

Hart, Philip R.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Xie, YuLong; Zhang, Jian; Richman, Eric E.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Loper, Susan A.; Myer, Michael

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an independent review included an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands.

Woodford, D.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

aphae island shinan-gun: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

419

aphaedo island shinan-gun: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

420

U.S. Virgin Islands- Solar Water Heating Requirement for New Construction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In July 2009, U.S. Virgin Islands enacted legislation Act 7075. This legislation requires all new developments, and substantial building modifications, must be installed with energy efficient solar...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of the Faroe Islands: a preliminary list and biogeographic context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have identified 20 species of sea anemones (order Actiniaria) from BIOFAR material, eight of them new records for the Faroe Islands. This brings the total number of anemone species known thus far from the Faroes to 30. ...

Fautin, Daphne G.; Daly, Marymegan; Cappola, Valerie A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

A new landscape ecology mapping scheme for coastal environments: Galveston Island, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of landscape ecology to understand the complete picture of the changing environment of a barrier island. Mapping is fundamental to detecting and monitoring change. Currently no mapping scheme can effectively integrate geomorphological and ecological mapping...

Lynch, Karen Marie

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

E-Print Network 3.0 - aeolian islands southern Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gwaii) is an archipelago CONWAY, 2002). In contrast... shores, much of the littoral sediment is moved onshore viaIsland, known as the Argonaut Plain or Naikoon Source: Walker,...

424

Pulling back the curtain : revealing the production of performance in the Hawaiian Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harbors throughout the Hawaiian Islands serve as the dating a growing commercial cruise ship industry, foreign activity. They are also increasingly sites of controversy structures restrict local access and use of harbor ...

Hsu, Stephanie (Stephine I.)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Assessing the costs of solar power plants for the Island of Roatąn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is an analysis assessing the installation costs of different solar power plant technologies and the current commercial availability for installation on the Island or Roatąn. Commercial large-scale power plants have ...

Huwe, Ethan (Ethan L.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

U.S. Virgin Islands Ramping Up Clean Energy Efforts with an Eye...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable energy technologies, such as the 5 MW Estate Donor Solar Project located on St. Thomas, have helped the U.S. Virgin Islands reduce its fossil fuel use by 20% over the...

427

Assessing Pathways in the U.S. Virgin Islands and Hawai'i | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Documents & Publications Hawai'i Establishes Goal of Achieving 70% Clean Energy by 2030 Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook A 448-kW PV system installed at the Cyril...

428

Re-evaluating the general dynamic theory of oceanic island biogeography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or a lower extinction risk for species endemic to therate (per species) with area. If extinction rate is constantspecies to single- island endemics, via both anagenesis and their extinction

Steinbauer, Manuel Jonas; Dolos, Klara; Field, Richard; Reineking, Björn; Beierkuhnlein, Carl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

U.S. Virgin Islands- Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In the U.S. Virgin Islands, the owner of a solar or wind-energy system is permitted to negotiate for assurance of continued access to the system’s energy source. "Solar or wind-energy system" is...

430

Analysis of benefits of sargassum on Galveston Island and indications for beach management policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sargassum fluitans and natans, types of brown algae, wash up on Galveston Island, Texas annually from May to August. Sargassum smells bad, hurts tourism and impairs sea turtle hatchings. Coastal managers are confronted with the difficult choice...

Williams, Amy M.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

E-Print Network 3.0 - aleutian island volcanic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-AFSC-215 Data Report: 2010 Aleutian Islands Summary: NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-AFSC-215 Data Report: 2010...

432

E-Print Network 3.0 - aleutian islands Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-AFSC-215 Data Report: 2010 Aleutian Islands Summary: NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-AFSC-215 Data Report: 2010...

433

NOAAlNMFS Developments U.S. and South Pacific Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Is lands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu Marianas .. Philippines G\\ '; . uam . ~.~ ..Ā·FĀ·ilĀ·~;~~~';;::;:;' ....c;:. ;M'''h'''','''''' . : . Palau

434

Matching energy storage to small island electricity systems : a case study of the Azores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Island economies rely almost entirely on imported diesel and fuel oil to supply their energy needs, resulting in significant economic and environmental costs. In recognition of the benefits of clean energy development, ...

Cross-Call, Daniel Frederick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Anthropogenic Disturbance of Western Gray Whale Behavior Off Sakhalin Island, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the western gray whale population face several threats to their future survival. On their only known feeding grounds off the northeastern coast of Sakhalin Island, Russia, anthropogenic activity has increased in the past decade due to oil and gas exploration...

Gailey, Glenn Andrew

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

436

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an independent review including an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands

Woodford, D.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Long Island Power Authority- Solar Initiative Feed-in Tariff (New York)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Long Island Power Authority's (LIPA) Feed-in Tariff II (FIT II) program provides fixed payments for electricity produced by approved photovoltaic systems over a fixed period of time. The...

438

Fluctuations in systemsFluctuations in systems with superconducting islandswith superconducting islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluctuations in systemsFluctuations in systems with superconducting islandswith superconductingTwo mechanism of TTcc suppressionsuppression #12;SuperconductingSuperconductingmetal transitionsmetal: Superconductive transitionGrains: Superconductive transition #12;Islands on a film: what's the difference

Fominov, Yakov

439

Identifying Cost-Effective Residential Energy Efficiency Opportunities for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This analysis is an update to the Energy Efficiency Potential report completed by KEMA for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC) and identifies potential energy efficiency opportunities in the residential sector on Kaua‘i (KEMA 2005).

440

Promoting Independence in Rhode Island: Weatherization Assistance Close-Up Fact Sheet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rhode Island demonstrates its commitment to technology and efficiency through the Weatherization Program. Weatherization uses advanced technologies and techniques to reduce energy costs for low-income families by increasing the energy efficiency of their homes.

D& R International

2001-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Silent partners and missing links : history, architecture and the challenge of the Ellis Island Immigration Museum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As this nation's first and largest immigration station Ellis Island not only processed millions of immigrants, but also functioned to develop mechanisms of control and procedures for inspecting thousands of immigrants on ...

Weld, Linda R. (Linda Ruth)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

A Comparison of Vegetation in Artificially Isolated Wetlands on West Galveston Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to compare vegetation systems among three artificially isolated wetlands on the west end of Galveston Island. Sample sites were identified as isolated wetlands and anthropogenic impact was observed. Wetland plant...

Wilson, Ashley

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

443

Motivational factors related to beach usage at Galveston Island State Park, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Galveston Island State Park like other Texas state parks is dedicated to preserving unique natural environments and providing public outdoor recreation opportunities. Although public beach facilities are available within the Galveston city limits..., 1976. The park's location has helped to contribute to the recreation opportunities of Galveston Island and to protect a natural environment which may have otherwise been destroyed by the encroachment of beach homes or commercial developments. Today...

Schwartz, Martin Philip

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

444

Investigation of flow in vane-island diffusers in centrifugal compressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Meherwan P. Boyce In this thesis, both theoretical and experimental investigations of flow in a high pressure ratio centrifugal compressor vane-island diffuser, have been carried out. The flow propagation through the island diffuser and the boundary... flow angles. The separation should be avoided or delayed to improve compressor performance. Johnson and Powers [7] have looked into the effect of inlet blockage on diffuser performance. The high-pressure-ratio centrifugal compressor has narrow...

Vandijk, Hanne Nicolaas

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Development and Progression of Aeolian Blowouts in Padre Island National Seashore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................... 84 1 1. INTRODUCTION Recent evidence suggests that development of dune blowouts and migration of parabolic dunes to the backbarrier shoreline may be a mechanism through which barrier islands transgress in response to relative sea level... the spatial and temporal evolution and distribution of blowouts and parabolic dunes on North Padre Island 3 2) Relate temporal and spatial evolution of blowouts and parabolic dunes to variations in climate (i.e. temperature, precipitation, storm...

Jewell, Mallorie E

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

446

Titanium Silicide Islands on Atomically Clean Si(100): Identifying Single Electron Tunneling Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Titanium silicide islands have been formed by the ultrahigh vacuum deposition of thin films of titanium (< 2 nm) on atomically clean Si(100) substrates followed by annealing to ~800 degrees C. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and scanning tunneling spectroscopy have been performed on these islands to record current-voltage (I-V) curves. Because each island forms a double barrier tunnel junction (DBTJ) structure with the STM tip and the substrate, they would be expected to exhibit single electron tunneling (SET) according to the orthodox model of SET. Some of the islands formed are small enough (diameter < 10 nm) to exhibit SET at room temperature and evidence of SET has been identified in some of the I-V curves recorded from these small islands. Those curves are analyzed within the framework of the orthodox model and are found to be consistent with that model, except for slight discrepancies of the shape of the I-V curves at current steps. However, most islands that were expected to exhibit SET did not do so, and the reasons for the absence of observable SET are evaluated. The most likely reasons for the absence of SET are determined to be a wide depletion region in the substrate and Schottky barrier lowering due to Fermi level pinning by surface states of the clean silicon near the islands. The results establish that although the Schottky barrier can act as an effective tunnel junction in a DBTJ structure, the islands may be unreliable in future nanoelectronic devices. Therefore, methods are discussed to improve the reliability of future devices.

Joseph L. Tedesco; J. E. Rowe; Robert J. Nemanich

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

447

Weeks Island gravity stable CO2 pilot: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Weeks Island ''S'' sand Reservoir B (''S'' RB) gravity-stable CO2 field test was completed during February 1988. Injection started in October 1978 and production began in January 1981 in this high-permeability, steeply-dipping sandstone reservoir. About 264,000 barrels of oil or 65 percent of the starting volume has been recovered. A 24-percent pore-volume slug of CO2 mixed with about six mole percent of natural gas (mostly methane) was injected at the start of the pilot. Since 1983, produced CO2 plus hydrocarbon gases have been recycled. CO2 usage statistics are 9.34 MCF/BO with recycle and 3.24 MCF/BO based on purchased CO2. Previous annual reports document the pilot design, implementation, and early results for the 1977 to June 1981 time period. This report is a review of early pilot history and a more detailed account of the post June 1981 results and overall interpretation. A reservoir-simulation history match of pilot performance plus core and log data from a 1983 swept-zone evaluation well are described in this report. A brief description of the production facility and an account of the corrosion control program are also included. 11 refs., 34 figs.

Johnston, J.R.; Perry, G.E.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Drop tests of the Three Mile Island knockout canister  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A type of Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) defueling canister, called a ''knockout'' canister, was subjected to a series of drop tests at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Drop Test Facility. These tests were designed to confirm the structural integrity of internal fixed neutron poisons in support of a request for NRC licensing of this type of canister for the shipment of TMI-2 reactor fuel debris to the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) for the Core Examination R and D Program. Work conducted at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory included (1) precise physical measurements of the internal poison rod configuration before assembly, (2) canister assembly and welding, (3) nondestructive examination (an initial hydrostatic pressure test and an x-ray profile of the internals before and after each drop test), (4) addition of a simulated fuel load, (5) instrumentation of the canister for each drop test, (6) fabrication of a cask simulation vessel with a developed and tested foam impact limiter, (7) use of refrigeration facilities to cool the canister to well below freezing prior to three of the drops, (8) recording the drop test with still, high-speed, and normal-speed photography, (9) recording the accelerometer measurements during impact, (10) disassembly and post-test examination with precise physical measurements, and (11) preparation of the final report.

Box, W.D.; Aaron, W.S.; Shappert, L.B.; Childress, P.C.; Quinn, G.J.; Smith, J.V.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

U.S. Virgin Islands Petroleum Price-Spike Preparation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This NREL technical report details a plan for the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) to minimize the economic damage caused by major petroleum price increases. The assumptions for this plan are that the USVI will have very little time and money to implement it and that the population will be highly motivated to follow it because of high fuel prices. The plan's success, therefore, is highly dependent on behavior change. This plan was derived largely from a review of the actions taken and behavior changes made by companies and commuters throughout the United States in response to the oil price spike of 2008. Many of these solutions were coordinated by or reported through the 88 local representatives of the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory provides technical and communications support for the Clean Cities program and therefore serves as a de facto repository of these solutions. This plan is the first publication that has tapped this repository.

Johnson, C.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

ISLAND UNIVERSES ISLAND UNIVERSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emsellem, JesĆŗs FalcĆ³nĀ­ Barroso, Michele Cappellari and Tim de Zeeuw Galactic Rotation Using Open Star Galaxies 195 E. Athanassoula A SAURON Study of Stars and Gas in Sa Bulges 201 J. Falcon-Barroso, R. Bacon

Kruit, Piet van der

451

Geological Setting, Mineral Resources and ancient works of Samos and adjacent islands of the Aegean Sea, 26-30 August 2013, Karlovassi, Samos Island, Greece  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geological Setting, Mineral Resources and ancient works of Samos and adjacent islands of the Aegean (modified from Vigil and Tilling, 2006). #12;Geological Setting, Mineral Resources and ancient works spreading centers compose a global ridge system where new ocean crust is formed (divergent boundary

452

Climate Dangers and Atoll Countries Jon Barnett and Neil Adger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

freshwater lens easily contaminated by salt water and human and industrial wastes. Freshwater lenses become of beaches, while construction of sea walls and infrastructure, and waste dumping on reefs and mangroves developments and pollution has also lead to depletion of artisanal fisheries. Overall, their small size

Watson, Andrew

453

atoll pour stocker: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de l'nergie. Le but est de dcider, lorsqu'un vhicule est connect la smart-grid, si sa'nergie, Smart Grids, V2G, Vehicle-to-Grid, PLNE 1. Introduction 1.1....

454

atoll dose assessment: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jonathan 89 Absorbed dose in target cell nuclei and dose conversion coefficient of radon progeny Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Absorbed dose in target cell nuclei and...

455

Manhattan Project: Operation Crossroads, Bikini Atoll, July 1946  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformation In closing,-- Energy, science,LinksCP-1 GOESFJoe 1, the first

456

Stability evaluation of the Markel Mine at Weeks Island, Louisiana  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A three dimensional (3D) finite element analysis of the Markel Mine located on Weeks Island was performed to: (1) evaluate the stability of the mine and (2) determine the effect of mine failure on the nearby Morton Salt mine and SPR facilities. The first part of the stability evaluation investigates the effect of pillar failure on mine stability. These simulations revealed that tensile stresses and dilatant damage develop in the overlying salt as a result of pillar loss. These tensile stresses extend to the salt/overburden interface only for the case where all 45 of the pillars are assumed to fail. Tensile stresses would likely cause microfracturing of the salt, resulting in a flow path for groundwater from the overlying aquifer to enter the mine. The dilatant damage bridges between the mine and the overburden in the case where 15 or more pillars are removed from the model. Dilatant damage is attributed to microfracturing or changes in the pore structure of the salt and could also result in a flow path for groundwater to enter the mine. The second part of the Markel Mine evaluation investigates the stability of the pillars with respect to three failure mechanisms: tensile failure, compressive failure, and creep rupture. A 3D slabbing pillar model of the Markel mine was developed to investigate progressive failure of the pillars and the effect of slabbing on mine stability. Based on a strain-limiting creep rupture criterion, pillar failure is predicted to be extensive at present. The associated loss of pillar strength should be equivalent to removing all pillars from the model as was done in the first part of this stability analysis, resulting in the possibility of ground water intrusion. Since creep rupture is not a well understood phenomenon, further development and validation of this criterion is recommended.

Hoffman, E.L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Performance Analysis of Positive-feedback-based Active Anti-islanding Schemes for Inverter-Based Distributed Generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently proposed positive-feedback-based anti-islanding schemes (AI) are highly effective in preventing islanding without causing any degradation in power quality. This paper aims to analyze the performance of these schemes quantitatively in the context of the dynamic models of inverter-based distributed generators (DG). In this study, the characteristics of these active anti-islanding methods are discussed and design guidelines are derived.

Du, Pengwei; Aponte, Erick E.; Nelson, J. Keith

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

458

Tridacnid Clam Stocks on Helen Reef, Palau, Western CaroUnels Sli~s WENDY HIRSCHBERGER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tridacnid Clam Stocks on Helen Reef, Palau, Western CaroUnels Sli~s WENDY HIRSCHBERGER Introduction in the south Palau District, Western Caroline Is- lands, Trust Territory of the Pacific Is- lands.-Helen Island at Helen Reef atoll, in Palau's southwest islands. remote area is uninhabited and receives only

459

Operation hardtack I-1958. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HARDTACK I was an atmospheric nuclear weapon test series held at Johnston Island and in the Marshall Islands at Enewetak and Bikini atolls in 1958. This is a report of DOD personnel in HARDTACK with an emphasis on operations and radiological safety.

Gladeck, F.R.; Gould, K.G.; Hallowell, J.H.; Martin, E.J.; McMullan, F.W.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Study and Development of Anti-Islanding Control for Synchronous Machine-Based Distributed Generators: November 2001--March 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the study and development of new active anti-islanding control schemes for synchronous machine-based distributed generators, including engine generators and gas turbines.

Ye, Z.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

PIC simulations of microturbulence in the presence of a magnetic island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In tokamak experiments, magnetic islands destroy the axial symmetry of the plasma through a helical magnetic-field perturbation. In the reconnected region the confinement is rather poor, due to the fast parallel transport along the field lines. The behaviour of the plasma turbulence in such a situation needs to be investigated, since it has a significant impact on both the transport in the island region and the stability of the island itself.A first attempt to study this rather rich area is presented in this paper. A (static) island structure is included in the particle-in-cell (PIC) global nonlinear gyrokinetic code ORB5. The perturbed magnetic field due to the island changes the orbits of the ions and influences the structure of the fluctuating potential. The equations of motion and the equation for the distribution-function perturbation are modified accordingly. The first simulations of the perturbed electric potential, heat flux and mode spectrum due to ITG turbulence (without zonal flows) are presented.

Poli, E.; Bottino, A.; Peeters, A. G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Garching (Germany); Sauter, O. [CRPP, EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, EPFL, Lausanne (Switzerland)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

462

Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U. S. Virgin Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on the economic and technical feasibility of integrating renewable energy technologies into the U.S. Virgin Islands transmission and distribution systems. The report includes three main areas of analysis: 1) the economics of deploying utility-scale renewable energy technologies on St. Thomas/St. John and St. Croix; 2) potential sites for installing roof- and ground-mount PV systems and wind turbines and the impact renewable generation will have on the electrical subtransmission and distribution infrastructure, and 3) the feasibility of a 100- to 200-megawatt power interconnection of the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA), Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority (WAPA), and British Virgin Islands (BVI) grids via a submarine cable system.

Burman, K.; Olis, D.; Gevorgian, V.; Warren, A.; Butt, R.; Lilienthal, P.; Glassmire, J.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Energy Vulnerability Assessment for the US Pacific Islands. Technical Appendix 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study, Energy Vulnerability Assessment of the US Pacific Islands, was mandated by the Congress of the United States as stated in House Resolution 776-220 of 1992, Section 1406. The resolution states that the US Secretary of Energy shall conduct a study of the implications of the unique vulnerabilities of the insular areas to an oil supply disruption. Such study shall outline how the insular areas shall gain access to vital oil supplies during times of national emergency. The resolution defines insular areas as the US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau. The US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico are not included in this report. The US Department of Energy (USDOE) has broadened the scope of the study contained in the House Resolution to include emergency preparedness and response strategies which would reduce vulnerability to an oil supply disruption as well as steps to ameliorate adverse economic consequences. This includes a review of alternative energy technologies with respect to their potential for reducing dependence on imported petroleum. USDOE has outlined the four tasks of the energy vulnerability assessment as the following: (1) for each island, determine crude oil and refined product demand/supply, and characterize energy and economic infrastructure; (2) forecast global and regional oil trade flow patterns, energy demand/supply, and economic activities; (3) formulate oil supply disruption scenarios and ascertain the general and unique vulnerabilities of these islands to oil supply disruptions; and (4) outline emergency preparedness and response options to secure oil supplies in the short run, and reduce dependence on imported oil in the longer term.

Fesharaki, F.; Rizer, J.P.; Greer, L.S.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment Work Plan Mud Pit Release Sites, Amchitka Island, Alaska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Work Plan describes the approach that will be used to conduct human health and ecological risk assessments for Amchitka Island, Alaska, which was utilized as an underground nuclear test site between 1965 and 1971. During this period, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (now the U.S. Department of Energy) conducted two nuclear tests (known as Long Shot and Milrow) and assisted the U.S. Department of Defense with a third test (known as Cannikin). Amchitka Island is approximately 42 miles long and located 1,340 miles west-southwest of Anchorage, Alaska, in the western end of the Aleutian Island archipelago in a group of islands known as the Rat Islands. Historically including deep drilling operations required large volumes of drilling mud, a considerable amount of which was left on the island in exposed mud pits after testing was completed. Therefore, there is a need for drilling mud pit remediation and risk assessment of historical mud pit releases. The scope of this work plan is to document the environmental objectives and the proposed technical site investigation strategies that will be utilized for the site characterization of the constituents in soil, surface water, and sediment at these former testing sites. Its goal is the collection of data in sufficient quantity and quality to determine current site conditions, support a risk assessment for the site surfaces, and evaluate what further remedial action is required to achieve permanent closure of these three sites that will protect both human health and the environment. Suspected compounds of potential ecological concern for investigative analysis at these sites include diesel-range organics, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, volatile organic compounds, and chromium. The results of these characterizations and risk assessments will be used to evaluate corrective action alternatives to include no further action, the implementation of institutional controls, capping on site, or off-sit e disposal of contaminated waste. The results of this evaluation will be presented in a subsequent corrective action decision document.

DOE /NV

2001-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

465

Engineering geology of a mudslide at Bracebridge Inlet, Bathurst Island, Northwest Territories, Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON 'QNb'1SI LS'dllHl'dG J3 INI 3BQI'dG3'JddG l'd 30I 1SQAH O' 30 AB0103B BNIG33NIBN3 ENGINEERING GEOLOGY OF A MUDSLIDE AT BRACEBRIDGE INLET, BATHURST ISLAND, NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA A Thesis by TERRY ANN MAYER Approved as to style and content... by: C irman of Committee Member Member He epar, ment December 1980 ABSTRACT Engineering Geology of a, "1udslide at Bracebridge Inlet, , Bathurst Island, northwest Terrftor1es, Canada Terry Ann Payer, B. A. , San Francisco State University...

Mayer, Terry Ann

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Development of a Conceptual Chum Salmon Emergence Model for Ives Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the study described herein was to develop a conceptual model of chum salmon emergence that was based on empirical water temperature of the riverbed and river in specific locations where chum salmon spawn in the Ives Island area. The conceptual model was developed using water temperature data that have been collected in the past and are currently being collected in the Ives Island area. The model will be useful to system operators who need to estimate the complete distribution of chum salmon emergence (first emergence through final emergence) in order to balance chum salmon redd protection and power system operation.

Murray, Christopher J.; Geist, David R.; Arntzen, Evan V.; Bott, Yi-Ju; Nabelek, Marc A.

2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

467

Colonial-nesting waterbird utilization of a dredged material island in Sabine Lake, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ), Marsh Elder (Iva frutescens L. ), and Marshhay Cord- grass (~S a ti Catena (hit l m hi. . ). ~Phrs ites a d S bucus dominated 76K of the island's vegetation cover. Nesting data was taken from: Great Egrets (~E retta alba), Snowy Egrets (~Eretta thula...-faced Ibis (100'X), and White Ibis (77%). Iva provided support for nests of Cattle Egrets (23%) and Louisiana Herons (22K). Colonial-nesting waterbi rds did not nest equitab1y throughout . the island either temporally or spatially. Vegetation patterns...

Shanley, Edwin

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Phase-locking of magnetic islands diagnosed by ECE-imaginga)  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Millimeter-wave imaging diagnostics identify phase-locking and the satisfaction of 3-wave coupling selection criteria amongst multiple magnetic island chains by providing a localized, internal measurement of the 2D power spectral density, S(?, k[sub]pol). In high-confinement tokamak discharges, these interactions impact both plasma rotation and tearing stability. Nonlinear coupling amongst neoclassical tearing modes (NTMs) of different n-number, with islands not satisfying the poloidal mode number selection criterion {m, m ', m ? m ' }, contributes to a reduction in core rotation and flow shear in the vicinity of the modes.

Tobias, B [PPPL; Grierson, B A [PPPL; Muscatello, C M [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Universtiy of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA; Ren, X [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Universtiy of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA; Domier, C W [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Universtiy of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA; Luhmann, N C [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Universtiy of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA; Zemedkun, S E [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA; Munsat, T L [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA; Classen, I G [Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research-DIFFER, 3430 BE Nieuwegein, The Netherlands

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Afro-Caribbean pemphigus : epidemiological data from a 5-year prospective study on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Afro-Caribbean pemphigus : epidemiological data from a 5-year prospective study on the island pemphigus in the Afro- Caribbean population. Objectives: To describe the epidemiology of autoimmune pemphigus on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies, 400736 inhabitants, mostly black Caribbean

Boyer, Edmond

470

Boletn Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa, n1 37 (2005) : 319 -352. STINK BUGS (HETEROPTERA: PENTATOMIDAE) OF THE ISLAND OF HISPANIOLA,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: PENTATOMIDAE) OF THE ISLAND OF HISPANIOLA, WITH SEVEN NEW SPECIES FROM THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC Daniel E. Perez) are newly recorded for the island of Hispaniola. Piezodorus guildinii (Westwood), Stiretrus quinquepunctatus. The total num- ber of species known from Hispaniola is raised to 77. Key words: Stinkbugs, pentatomids

Rider, David A.

471

Absolute orientation-dependent TiN(001) step energies from two-dimensional equilibrium island shape and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute orientation-dependent TiN(001) step energies from two-dimensional equilibrium island shape and coarsening measurements on epitaxial TiN(001) layers S. Kodambaka *, S.V. Khare, V. Petrova, A. Vailionis 1 microscopy was used to determine the equilibrium shapes of two-dimensional TiN vacancy islands on atomically

Khare, Sanjay V.

472

Orientation-dependent mobilities from analyses of two-dimensional TiN(111) island decay J. Bareo,1*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Orientation-dependent mobilities from analyses of two-dimensional TiN(111) island decay kinetics J (T = 1550-1700 K) low-energy electron microscopy measurements of two-dimensional TiN island coarsening/decay kinetics on TiN(111) terraces for which ( ) values are known [Phys. Rev. B 67 (2003) 35409

Khare, Sanjay V.

473

Utility Scale Wind Turbines on a Grid Connected Island Mohit Dua, Anthony L. Rogers, James F. Manwell,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility Scale Wind Turbines on a Grid Connected Island Mohit Dua, Anthony L. Rogers, James F utility scale wind turbines on Fox Islands, located 12 miles from the coast of Maine in the United States of electricity itself. Three locations are analyzed in detail as potential sites for wind turbine installations

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

474

NAME: Molokai Fish Pond & Fringing Reef Restoration LOCATION: Kaunakakai, Island of Molokai (Maui County), Hawai'i  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NAME: Molokai Fish Pond & Fringing Reef Restoration LOCATION: Kaunakakai, Island of Molokai (Maui fish ponds on the fringing reef of the Hawaiian island of Molokai. Mangroves were planted in 1902 conditions and threaten to take over the reef flats and fish ponds. EXPECTED BENEFITS: Fine sediment flushed

US Army Corps of Engineers

475

Exploring the structure and chemical activity of 2-D gold islands on graphene moire/Ru(0001)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploring the structure and chemical activity of 2-D gold islands on graphene moire/Ru(0001) Ye Xu May 2011 DOI: 10.1039/c1fd00030f Au deposited on Ru(0001)-supported extended, continuous graphene. These Au islands conform to the corrugation of the underlying graphene and display commensurate moire

Goodman, Wayne

476

Answers to frequently asked questions about cleanup activities at Three Mile Island, Unit 2. Public information report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The document presents answers to frequently asked questions about plans for cleanup and decontamination activities at Three Mile Island, Unit 2. Answers to the questions asked are based on information in the NRC 'Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement related to decontamination and disposal of radioactive wastes resulting from March 28, 1979, accident, Three Mile Island Nuclear Station, Unit 2,' NUREG-0683.

Not Available

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Northern Fur Seals (Callorhinus ursinus) of the Commander Islands: Summer Feeding Trips, Winter Migrations and Interactions with Killer Whales (Orcinus orca)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

direction, dive depth) of animals from two nearby rookeries on Bering Island, 2) winter migration from Medny and Bering Islands relative to patterns of ocean productivity, and 3) the potential impact of killer whale predation on population dynamics. Data...

Belonovich, Olga Andreevna

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

478

Covariation of climate and long-term erosion rates across a steep rainfall gradient on the Hawaiian island of Kaua'i  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Erosion of volcanic ocean islands creates dramatic landscapes, modulates Earth’s carbon cycle, and delivers sediment to coasts and reefs. Because many volcanic islands have large climate gradients and minimal variations ...

Ferrier, Ken L.

479

MILP islanding of power networks by bus splitting P. A. Trodden, W. A. Bukhsh, A. Grothey, and K. I. M. McKinnon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]Ā­[7]. A more recently occurring factor is increased penetration of variable distributed generation, notably into `viable' islands. Motives for splitting range from islands balanced in load and generation to electroMILP islanding of power networks by bus splitting P. A. Trodden, W. A. Bukhsh, A. Grothey, and K. I

Grothey, Andreas

480

Quantitative determination of tensile stress creation during island coalescence using selective-area growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, New Mexico 87185-1415 W. Fan and S. R. J. Brueck Center for High Technology Materials, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 Received 15 October 2004; accepted 21 January 2005 highly debated.1­3 The only region where there is a consensus as to the mechanism is during island coales

New Mexico, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atoll midway islands" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Ratchet Effect and the Transporting Islands in the Chaotic Sea Lei Wang,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ratchet Effect and the Transporting Islands in the Chaotic Sea Lei Wang,1,2 Giuliano Benenti,3 dissipative system. We consider the generic case of mixed phase space and show that large ratchet currents can.1103/PhysRevLett.99.244101 PACS numbers: 05.45.Pq, 05.60.Cd The ratchet effect, that is, the possibility

Li, Baowen

482

Paleoecological evidence for abrupt cold reversals during peak Holocene warmth on Baffin Island, Arctic Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

climate forcings, including volcanic eruptions and solar variability, and perturbations such as freshwaterPaleoecological evidence for abrupt cold reversals during peak Holocene warmth on Baffin Island Paleolimnology Abrupt climate change A continuous record of insect (Chironomidae) remains preserved in lake

Briner, Jason P.

483

Lithium isotopes in island arc geothermal systems: Guadeloupe, Martinique (French West Indies) and experimental approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium isotopes in island arc geothermal systems: Guadeloupe, Martinique (French West Indies and the Diamant areas). The lithium isotopic signatures of the geothermal fluids collected from deep reservoirs during formation of Li- bearing secondary minerals by the uptake of lithium into the alteration minerals

Boyer, Edmond

484

Greenland's Island Rule and the Arctic Ocean circulation by Terrence M. Joyce1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Greenland's Island Rule and the Arctic Ocean circulation by Terrence M. Joyce1,2 and Andrey made for the flow around Greenland. Godfrey's theory has been extended to permit inclusion of Bering Archipelago in the modeled flow west of Greenland. In both models, the forcing has been applied in a quasi

Joyce, Terrence M.

485

The Island Confinement Method for Reducing Search Space in Local Search Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Island Confinement Method for Reducing Search Space in Local Search Methods H. Fang Y. Kilani J.H.M. Lee § P.J. Stuckey ¶ July 14, 2006 Abstract Typically local search methods for solving problem. Each constraint contributes part of a penalty function in assessing trial valuations. Local

Stuckey, Peter J.

486

Development of Regional Wind Resource and Wind Plant Output Datasets for the Hawaiian Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In March 2009, AWS Truepower was engaged by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop a set of wind resource and plant output data for the Hawaiian Islands. The objective of this project was to expand the methods and techniques employed in the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS) to include the state of Hawaii.

Manobianco, J.; Alonge, C.; Frank, J.; Brower, M.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Simulation of electricity supply of an Atlantic island by offshore wind turbines and wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation of electricity supply of an Atlantic island by offshore wind turbines and wave energy community. Key words: Wave energy, offshore wind turbines, marine energy 1 Introduction Marine renewables installations of a few kW like small wind turbines or photovoltaic cells installed to provide electricity

Paris-Sud XI, UniversitƩ de

488

A Feasibility Study for Wind/Hybrid Power System Applications for New England Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind/hybrid systems. A feasibility study, carried out at the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERLA Feasibility Study for Wind/Hybrid Power System Applications for New England Islands Gabriel Blanco, James F. Manwell, and Jon G. McGowan Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

489

OHIO STATE'S ISLAND CAMPUS ON LAKE ERIE Lake Erie Science Field Trip Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OHIO STATE'S ISLAND CAMPUS ON LAKE ERIE Lake Erie Science Field Trip Program STONE LABORATORY NATIONALOCEA NIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION U.S.D EPARTMENT OF COM M ERCE Y ! #12;Lake Erie Science Cruise to collect and observe Lake Erie fish. Laboratory Practice: Groups take their samples from the Science Cruise

490

Scatterometer observations of wind variations induced by oceanic islands: Implications for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Hawaiian and Cabo Verde islands on the mean atmospheric flow. A wake of weak winds, flanked by accelerated. These results suggest that strong mesoscale patterns in the wind field occurring in the lee of high scatterometer (NSCAT) measurements at 25 km resolution, mean sea surface wind fields were computed

491

EUTROPHICATION A J Gold, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUTROPHICATION A J Gold, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA J T Sims, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA Ć? 2005, Elsevier Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Introduction Eutrophication describes in nutrient inputs. Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) are the nutrients that drive most eutrophication processes

Gold, Art

492

Wind Energy Deployment in Isolated Islanded Power Systems: Challenges & Realities (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rising costs of fuels, energy surety, and the carbon impacts of diesel fuel are driving remote and islanded communities dependent on diesel power generation to look for alternatives. Over the past few years, interest in using wind energy to reduce diesel fuel consumption has increased dramatically, potentially providing economic, environmental, social, and security benefits to the energy supply of isolated and islanded communities. However, the task of implementing such systems has remained elusive and subject to many cases of lower-than-expected performance. This poster describes the current status of integrating higher contribution wind technology into islanded power systems, the progress of recent initiatives implemented by the U.S. Department of Energy and Interior, and some of the lingering technical and commercial challenges. Operating experience from a number of power systems is described. The worldwide market for wind development in islanded communities (some of these supplying large domestic loads) provides a strong market niche for the wind industry, even in the midst of a slow global recovery.

Baring-Gould, I.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

ORNITHOCOPROPHILOUS PLANTS OF MOUNT DESERT ROCK, A REMOTE BIRD-NESTING ISLAND IN THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORNITHOCOPROPHILOUS PLANTS OF MOUNT DESERT ROCK, A REMOTE BIRD-NESTING ISLAND IN THE GULF OF MAINE for the maintenance of plant communities (Cruden 1966; Gillham 1970; Howe and Smallwood 1982; Mulder and Keall 2001 to botanists as they often determine which plant species are dispersed and become established in such remote

Rajakaruna, Nishanta

494

A unified model of species immigration, extinction and abundance on islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE A unified model of species immigration, extinction and abundance on islands James and extinction rates as functions of species richness at dynamic equilibrium. In contrast, the approach results highlight the importance of species abundances as indi- cators of immigration and extinction rates

Harmon, Luke

495

Species invasions and extinction: The future of native biodiversity on islands  

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Species invasions and extinction: The future of native biodiversity on islands Dov F. Sax, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 Predation by exotic species has caused the extinction these scenarios have for the future retention or extinction of native plant species. Finally, we identify invasion

Sax, Dov

496

HEAT ISLAND OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS DETECTED BY MODIS/AQUA TEMPERATURE PRODUCT  

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by Chudnovsky et al. (2004) suggests that the best remote sensing for urban heat environment study shouldHEAT ISLAND OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS DETECTED BY MODIS/AQUA TEMPERATURE PRODUCT Hongjie Xie, Huade Guan, and Sandra Ytuarte Laboratory for Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics Department of Earth

Texas at San Antonio, University of

497

Highly Anisotropic Dirac Cones in Epitaxial Graphene Modulated by an Island Superlattice S. Rusponi,1  

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Highly Anisotropic Dirac Cones in Epitaxial Graphene Modulated by an Island Superlattice S. Rusponi affects the spectral-weight distribution of the carbon bands as well as the electronic gaps between generation electronic devices [2]. Freestanding graphene is a zero-gap semiconductor. Because most electronic

Brune, Harald

498

A Novel Robust Communication Algorithm for Distributed Secondary Control of Islanded  

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A Novel Robust Communication Algorithm for Distributed Secondary Control of Islanded Micro of distributed generators (DGs) and loads, placed in low voltage (LV) and medium voltage (MV) distribution transmission/distribution losses and preventing electrical network congestion by shifting the generation closer

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

499

Plug-and-play voltage and frequency control of islanded microgrids with meshed topology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

decentralized control scheme for Islanded microGrids (ImGs) composed by the interconnection of Distributed Distributed Generation Units (DGUs) designed to operate safely and reliably in absence of a connection with the main grid. Besides fostering the use of renewable generation, ImGs bring distributed generation sources

Ferrari-Trecate, Giancarlo

500

7900 SE 28th Street, Suite 200 Mercer, Island, WA 98040-2970  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7900 SE 28th Street, Suite 200 Mercer, Island, WA 98040-2970 v 206.236.7200 f 206.236.3019 www-standing rivalries over the distribution of the Northwest's premiere asset. It will allow the customers to apply to acquire new generation assets. This conclusion, also reached by the Comprehensive Review of the Northwest