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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer. Part I: Instrument Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A ground-based Fourier transform spectrometer has been developed to measure the atmospheric downwelling infrared radiance spectrum at the earth's surface with high absolute accuracy. The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) ...

R. O. Knuteson; H. E. Revercomb; F. A. Best; N. C. Ciganovich; R. G. Dedecker; T. P. Dirkx; S. C. Ellington; W. F. Feltz; R. K. Garcia; H. B. Howell; W. L. Smith; J. F. Short; D. C. Tobin

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

The ARM Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Status and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The ARM Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Status and The ARM Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Status and Preliminary Assessments of Instrument Deployments in 2006 Dedecker, Ralph University of Wisconsin Demirgian, Jack Argonne National Laboratory Knuteson, Robert University Of Wisconsin Revercomb, Henry University of Wisconsin-Madison Tobin, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Turner, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Category: Instruments One of the key operational instruments at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF) is the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). This instrument provides the ARM program with surface-based observations of infrared spectrally resolved radiance from a vertically directed cone with better than 1% accuracy. The data from

3

Posters Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Data Analysis Methods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Posters Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Data Analysis Methods R. O. Knuteson, W. L. Smith, S. A. Ackerman, H. E. Revercomb, H. Woolf, and H. Howell Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin Introduction Data from the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Inter- ferometer (AERI) have been analyzed for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Fourier Transform Data Analysis Tools science team project under the direction of William L. Smith of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The data consist of observations of the downwelling infrared emission at the surface from gaseous atmospheric constituents and from cloud and particulate aerosols. The observations are at 0.5 cm-1 spectral resolution over the

4

ARM's Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) measures the absolute infrared spectral radiance (watts per square meter per steradian per wavenumber) of the sky directly above the instrument. The spectral measurement range of the instrument is 3300 to 520 wavenumbers (cm-1) or 3-19.2 microns for the normal-range instruments and 3300 to 400 cm-1 or 3-25 microns for the extended-range polar instruments. Spectral resolution is 1.0 cm-1. Instrument field-of-view is 1.3 degrees. A calibrated sky radiance spectrum is produced every 8 minutes in normal mode and every minute in rapid sampling mode. The actual sample scan time is 20-30 sec in rapid sampling mode with periodic gaps when the instrument is looking at the blackbodies. Rapid sampling will become available in all AERIs. Rapid sampling time will eventually be reduced to data every 20 seconds. The AERI data can be used for (1) evaluating line-by-line radiative transport codes, (2) detecting/quantifying cloud effects on ground-based measurements of infrared spectral radiance (and hence is valuable for cloud property retrievals), and (3) calculating vertical atmospheric profiles of temperature and water vapor and the detection of trace gases.[Copied from http://www.arm.gov/instruments/aeri]

The ARM Archive at Oak Ridge National Laboratory holds data collected from the AERI for three of the permanent ARM sites, North Slope Alaska (NSA), Southern Great Plains (SGP), and the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), as well as from mobile facilities used during specific field campaigns. AERI data has been collected since 1995.

5

Meteorological Applications of Temperature and Water Vapor Retrievals from the Ground-Based Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) is a well-calibrated ground-based instrument that measures high-resolution atmospheric emitted radiances from the atmosphere. The spectral resolution of the instrument is better than one ...

Wayne F. Feltz; William L. Smith; Robert O. Knuteson; Henry E. Revercomb; Harold M. Woolf; H. Ben Howell

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

The Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer: A High-Accuracy, Seagoing Infrared Spectroradiometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI) is described, and some examples of the environmental variables that can be derived from its measurements and the types of research that these can support are briefly presented. The M-...

P. J. Minnett; R. O. Knuteson; F. A. Best; B. J. Osborne; J. A. Hanafin; O. B. Brown

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Near-Continuous Profiling of Temperature, Moisture, and Atmospheric Stability Using the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) has funded the development and installation of five ground-based atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) systems at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The ...

W. F. Feltz; W. L. Smith; H. B. Howell; R. O. Knuteson; H. Woolf; H. E. Revercomb

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Posters Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer: Status and Water Vapor Continuum Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 Posters Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer: Status and Water Vapor Continuum Results H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, W. L. Smith, F. A. Best, and R. G. Dedecker University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin H. B. Howell National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Systems Design and Applications Branch Madison, Wisconsin Introduction Accurate and spectrally detailed observations of the thermal emission from radiatively important atmospheric gases, aerosols, and clouds are now being provided to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) data base by the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) prototype at the Southern Great Plains Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site. Spectra over the range from 520 to 3000 cm -1 (3 to 19 microns) with a resolution of 0.5 cm

9

Information Content and Uncertainties in Thermodynamic Profiles and Liquid Cloud Properties Retrieved from the Ground-Based Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) observes spectrally resolved downwelling radiance emitted by the atmosphere in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Profiles of temperature and water vapor, and cloud liquid ...

D.D. Turner; U. Löhnert

10

Profiling the Lower Troposphere over the Ocean with Infrared Hyperspectral Measurements of the Marine-Atmosphere Emitted Radiance Interferometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the spectra of infrared emission from the atmosphere were taken by a Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI) deployed on the NOAA ship Ronald H. Brown during the Aerosol and Ocean Science Expedition (AEROSE) in ...

Malgorzata Szczodrak; Peter J. Minnett; Nicholas R. Nalli; Wayne F. Feltz

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Atmospheric Longwave Irradiance Uncertainty: Pyrgeometers Compared to an Absolute Sky-Scanning Radiometer, Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer, and Radiative Transfer Model Calculations  

SciTech Connect

Because atmospheric longwave radiation is one of the most fundamental elements of an expected climate change, there has been a strong interest in improving measurements and model calculations in recent years. Important questions are how reliable and consistent are atmospheric longwave radiation measurements and calculations and what are the uncertainties? The First International Pyrgeometer and Absolute Sky-scanning Radiometer Comparison, which was held at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program's Souther Great Plains site in Oklahoma, answers these questions at least for midlatitude summer conditions and reflects the state of the art for atmospheric longwave radiation measurements and calculations. The 15 participating pyrgeometers were all calibration-traced standard instruments chosen from a broad international community. Two new chopped pyrgeometers also took part in the comparison. And absolute sky-scanning radiometer (ASR), which includes a pyroelectric detector and a reference blackbody source, was used for the first time as a reference standard instrument to field calibrate pyrgeometers during clear-sky nighttime measurements. Owner-provided and uniformly determined blackbody calibration factors were compared. Remarkable improvements and higher pyrgeometer precision were achieved with field calibration factors. Results of nighttime and daytime pyrgeometer precision and absolute uncertainty are presented for eight consecutive days of measurements, during which period downward longwave irradiance varied between 260 and 420 W m-2. Comparisons between pyrgeometers and the absolute ASR, the atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer, and radiative transfer models LBLRTM and MODTRAN show a surprisingly good agreement of <2 W m-2 for nighttime atmospheric longwave irradiance measurements and calculations.

Philipona, J. R.; Dutton, Ellsworth G.; Stoffel, T.; Michalsky, Joseph J.; Reda, I.; Stifter, Armin; Wendling, Peter; Wood, Norm; Clough, Shepard A.; Mlawer, Eli J.; Anderson, Gail; Revercomb, Henry E.; Shippert, Timothy R.

2001-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

12

Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Archived Data at the University of Wisconsin Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The AERI instrument is an advanced version of the high spectral resolution interferometer sounder (HIS) designed and fabricated at the University of Wisconsin (Revercomb et al. 1988) to measure upwelling infrared radiances from an aircraft. The AERI is a fully automated ground-based passive infrared interferometer that measures downwelling atmospheric radiance from 3.3 - 18.2 mm (550 - 3000 cm-1) at less than 10-minute temporal resolution with a spectral resolution of one wavenumber. It has been used in DOEĆs Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program. Much of the data available here at the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS), an institute within the University of Wisconsin’s Space Science and Engineering Center, may also be available in the ARM Archive. On this website, data and images from six different field experiments are available, along with AERIPLUS realtime data for the Madison, Wisconsin location. Realtime data includes temperature and water vapor time-height cross sections, SKEWT diagrams, convective stability indices, and displays from a rooftop Lidar instrument. The field experiments took place in Oaklahoma and Wisconsin with the AERI prototype.

13

Very high radiance edge-emitting LED  

SciTech Connect

A new light-emitting diode (LED) whose radiance is 1000 W/cm/sup 2/sr, an order of magnitude higher than any previous LED, is described. The LED is an (AlGa)As double-heterojunction edge-emitting structure. This structure acts as a waveguide for the internally generated light, and with appropriate Al concentration difference at the heterojunctions (..delta..x approximately equal to 0.3) and active region width (approximately 500 A), the radiation pattern perpendicular to the junction can be less than 30/sup 0/ (FWHM). For fiber-optic communications this LED is capable of coupling 850 ..mu..w, at a coupling loss of only -10 dB into a 0.14-numerical-aperture (NA), 90-..mu..m-diam low-loss fiber. The LED is capable of being directly modulated at 250 MHz and has a spectral width of less than 300 A.

Ettenberg, M.; Kressel, H.; Wittke, J.P.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

RETRIEVAL OF ATMOSPHERIC INVERSIONS USING GEOSTATIONARY HIGH-SPECTRAL-RESOLUTION SOUNDER RADIANCE INFORMATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P5.38 RETRIEVAL OF ATMOSPHERIC INVERSIONS USING GEOSTATIONARY HIGH-SPECTRAL- RESOLUTION SOUNDER RADIANCE INFORMATION Jun Li Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) University and possible fog formation, numerical model initialization, and sounding retrieval. High- spectral

Li, Jun

15

Mesoscale Spectra of Mars’s Atmosphere Derived from MGS TES Infrared Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wavenumber spectra of the atmospheric potential energy of Mars at mesoscales (wavelengths of 64–957 km) were obtained as a function of latitude, season, and Martian year using infrared radiance data obtained by the Thermal Emission Spectrometer (...

Takeshi Imamura; Yasuhiro Kawasaki; Tetsuya Fukuhara

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Long-Term Trends in Downwelling Spectral Infrared Radiance over the U.S. Southern Great Plains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A trend analysis was applied to a 14-yr time series of downwelling spectral infrared radiance observations from the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) located at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) site in the U.S. ...

P. Jonathan Gero; David D. Turner

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

ARM - Measurement - Longwave spectral radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spectral radiance spectral radiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Longwave spectral radiance The rate at which the spectrally resolved radiant energy in the longwave portion of the spectrum is emitted in a particular direction per unit area perpendicular to the direction of radiation. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer ASSIST : Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral

18

A Model for Solar Spectral Irradiance and Radiance at the Bottom and Top of a Cloudless Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple model is presented that, in a cloud-free atmosphere, calculates solar spectral direct and diffuse irradiance and directional radiance at the surface, spectral absorption within the atmosphere and the upward reflected spectral irradiance ...

C. G. Justus; M. V. Paris

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Retrieval of Atmospheric Profiles from Satellite Radiance Data by Typical Shape Function Maximum a Posteriori Simultaneous Retrieval Estimators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The retrieval of vertical profiles of temperature and water vapor from atmospheric radiances is an ill-posed, nonlinear inversion problem. A linear retrieval estimator must be cast in a form which both minimizes the effects of unmodeled nonlinear ...

Michael J. Uddstrom

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Nadir Correction of AIRS Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical method to correct for the limb effect in off-nadir Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) channel radiances is described, using the channel radiance itself and principal components (PCs) of the other channel radiances to account for ...

Chee-Kiat Teo; Tieh-Yong Koh

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Top-of-Atmosphere Radiance-to-Flux Conversion in the SW Domain for the ScaRaB-3 Instrument on Megha-Tropiques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The earth radiation budget (ERB) is the difference between the solar absorbed flux and the terrestrial emitted flux. These fluxes are calculated from satellite measurements of outgoing shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) radiances using empirical or ...

Michel Viollier; Carsten Standfuss; Olivier Chomette; Arnaud Quesney

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

A Method for Combining Radiances and Wind Shear to Define the Temperature Structure of the Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The retrieval of temperature from satellite-observed radiances has traditionally been addressed as a one-dimensional or columnar problem which uses a guess profile of temperature. In this study, the traditional approach is augmented by ...

John Lewis; Christopher Hayden; John Derber

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Time series analysis of AERI radiances for GCM testing and improvement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time series analysis of AERI radiances for GCM testing and improvement Time series analysis of AERI radiances for GCM testing and improvement Dykema, John Harvard University Leroy, Stephen Harvard University Anderson, James Harvard University Tobin, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Knuteson, Robert University Of Wisconsin Revercomb, Henry University of Wisconsin-Madison Category: Radiation High resolution infrared radiances measured by the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) contained detailed information about the structure and dynamics of temperature, water vapor, and clouds below 3 km. Infrared radiances also contain the signature of radiative forcing by well-mixed gases that constitutes the greenhouse effect. Direct comparison of these radiance observations to similar radiances calculated from output

24

Reduction of Middle-Atmospheric Forecast Bias through Improvement in Satellite Radiance Quality Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article discusses a practical problem faced in operational atmospheric forecasting and data assimilation, and efforts to improve forecast quality through the choice of quality control parameters. The need to utilize as much data as possible ...

Young-Joon Kim; William F. Campbell; Steven D. Swadley

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Evaluation of a New Operational Technique for Producing Clear Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To produce atmospheric temperature profiles from measurements of infrared data, it is necessary to obtain infrared radiances for clear areas. Clear radiances are obtained either by identifying spots that are completely clear or by extracting ...

L. M. McMillin; C. Dean

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Radiation Budget Parameters at the Top of the Earth's Atmosphere from METEOSAT Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a method to derive radiation budget parameters (albedo and emitted longwave flux) at the top of the atmosphere from the three-band METEOSAT images. Model calculations are used to correct for the anisotropic radiance ...

Marianne Gube

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave narrowband radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

narrowband radiance narrowband radiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave narrowband radiance A measure of the intrinsic radiant energy flux intensity, at wavelengths between 0.4 and 4 {mu}, emitted by a radiator in a given direction, expressed in units of energy per unit time per unit solid angle. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CSPHOT : Cimel Sunphotometer SWS : Shortwave Spectroradiometer

28

Update of Radiance Calibrations for ISCCP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since July 1983 ISCCP has collected, normalized, and calibrated radiance data (visible and thermal infrared) from the imaging radiometers on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration polar orbiters and from the geostationary satellites ...

Christopher L. Brest; William B. Rossow; Miriam D. Roiter

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Radiance and Cloud Analyses from GOES-VAS Dwell Soundings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis technique for Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-VISSR (Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer) Atmospheric Sounder (GOES-VAS) sounder data was developed to extract cloud and clear radiance information. This ...

Donald P. Wylie; Harold M. Woolf

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Determination of Total Ozone Amount from TIROS Radiance Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total ozone amounts are determined from atmospheric radiances measured by the TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS). The retrieval procedure is one of linear regression where total ozone amounts derived from Dobson spectrophotometer ...

Walter G. Planet; David S. Crosby; James H. Lienesch; Michael L. Hill

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

radiance | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

radiance radiance Dataset Summary Description Freedom Field is a not-for-profit organization formed to facilitate development and commercialization of renewable energy solutions. The organization has installed a variety of renewable energy generating technologies at their facility (located at Rock River Water Reclamation in Rockford, IL), with the intention of serving as a demonstration facility. The facility monitors data (at 5-minute intervals) from a weather station, 12.4 kW of PV panels (56 220-watt panels), a 10kW wind turbine (HAWT), a 1.2 kW wind turbine (VAWT), an absorption cooling system, and biogas burners. Source Freedom Field Date Released July 19th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas monitoring data PV radiance solar temperature

32

Underwater Radiance Distributions Measured with Miniaturized Multispectral Radiance Cameras  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Miniaturized radiance cameras measuring underwater multispectral radiances in all directions at high-radiometric accuracy (CE600) are presented. The camera design is described, as well as the main steps of its optical and radiometric ...

David Antoine; André Morel; Edouard Leymarie; Amel Houyou; Bernard Gentili; Stéphane Victori; Jean-Pierre Buis; Nicolas Buis; Sylvain Meunier; Marius Canini; Didier Crozel; Bertrand Fougnie; Patrice Henry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The underwater radiance distribution problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE UNDERWATER RADIANCE DISTRIBUTION PROBLEM S. Q. DuntleyFunction of Depth in an Underwater Environment," which firsta Function of Depth in an Underwater Environment," which has

Duntley, Seibert Q

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Absolute spectral radiance responsivity calibration of sun photometers  

SciTech Connect

Sun photometers are designed to measure direct solar irradiance and diffused sky radiance for the purpose of atmospheric parameters characterization. A sun photometer is usually calibrated by using a lamp-illuminated integrating sphere source for its band-averaged radiance responsivity, which normally has an uncertainty of 3%-5% at present. Considering the calibration coefficients may also change with time, a regular high precision calibration is important to maintain data quality. In this paper, a tunable-laser-based facility for spectral radiance responsivity calibration has been developed at the Key Laboratory of Optical Calibration and Characterization, Chinese Academy of Sciences. A reference standard radiance radiometer, calibrated against cryogenic radiometer, is used to determine the radiance from a laser-illuminated integrating sphere source. Spectral radiance responsivity of CIMEL CE318-2 sun photometer is calibrated using this new calibration system with a combined standard uncertainty of about 0.8%. As a validation, the derived band-averaged radiance responsivity are compared to that from a Goddard Space Flight Center lamp-based sphere calibration and good agreements (difference <1.4%) are found from 675 to 1020 nm bands.

Xu Qiuyun; Zheng Xiaobing; Zhang Wei; Wang Xianhua; Li Jianjun; Li Xin [Key Laboratory of Optical Calibration and Characterization, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Li Zhengqiang [Laboratoire d'Optique Atmospherique, Universite Lille 1, Villeneuve d'Ascq 59655 (France) and State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101 (China)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Radiance Covariance and Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs) derived from the covariance of satellite radiance spectra may be interpreted in terms of the vertical distribution of the covariance of temperature, water vapor, and clouds. This has been done for ...

Robert Haskins; Richard Goody; Luke Chen

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Validation of ERBS Scanner Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The earth radiation budget satellite (ERBS) has made broadband scanner measurements of the earth radiance for over 5 years. The redundancy between the shortwave, longwave, and total scanning radiometers and data averages have been used to ...

Richard N. Green; Lee M. Avis

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: RADIANCE Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: radsite.lbl.gov/radiance/ Cost: Free References: Radiance[1] Logo: RADIANCE RADIANCE is a highly accurate ray-tracing software system for UNIX computers that is licensed at no cost in source form. Radiance was developed with primary support from the U.S. Department Of Energy and additional support from the Swiss Federal Government. Radiance is a suite of programs for the analysis and visualization of lighting in design. Input files specify the scene geometry, materials, luminaires,time, date

38

Super-radiance in the sodium resonance lines from sodium iodide arc lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Super-radiance observed within the centers of the sodium resonance D lines emitted by arc lamps containing sodium iodide as additive in a high-pressure mercury plasma environment was studied by high-resolution emission spectroscopy. The spectral radiance of these self-reversed lines including super-radiance was simulated by considering a local enhancement of the source function due to the presence of an additional source of radiation near the arc wall. Causes of this hitherto unrecognized source of radiation are given.

Karabourniotis, D. [Department of Physics, Institute of Plasma Physics, University of Crete, 71003 Heraklion (Greece); Drakakis, E. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Technological Educational Institute, Heraklion (Greece)

2010-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

39

Surface Emissivity Impact on Temperature and Moisture Soundings from Hyperspectral Infrared Radiance Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accurate land surface emissivity (LSE) is critical for the retrieval of atmospheric temperature and moisture profiles along with land surface temperature from hyperspectral infrared (IR) sounder radiances; it is also critical to assimilating IR ...

Zhigang Yao; Jun Li; Jinlong Li; Hong Zhang

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Direct Insertion of MODIS Radiances in a Global Aerosol Transport Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper results are presented from a simple offline assimilation system that uses radiances from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) channels that sense atmospheric aerosols over land and ocean. The MODIS information ...

Clark Weaver; Arlindo da Silva; Mian Chin; Paul Ginoux; Oleg Dubovik; Dave Flittner; Aahmad Zia; Lorraine Remer; Brent Holben; Watson Gregg

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Radiance Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiance Solar Radiance Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Radiance Solar Place Atlanta, Georgia Zip 30318 Product Commercial and residential PV installer based in Atlanta. Coordinates 33.748315°, -84.391109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.748315,"lon":-84.391109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

42

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

temperature temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric temperature The temperature indicated by a thermometer exposed to the air in a place sheltered from direct solar radiation. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

43

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric moisture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

moisture moisture ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric moisture The moisture content of the air as indicated by several measurements including relative humidity, specific humidity, dewpoint, vapor pressure, water vapor mixing ratio, and water vapor density; note that precipitable water is a separate type. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer

44

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Radiance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiance Radiance Radiance logo. Advanced lighting simulation and rendering package; calculates spectral radiance values (illuminance & color) and spectral irradiance (illuminance & color) for interior and exterior spaces considering electric lighting, daylight and interreflection. Used by architects and designers to predict illumination, visual quality and appearance of design spaces. Used by researchers to evaluate new lighting and daylighting technologies and study visual comfort and similar quantities related to the visual environment. Keywords lighting, daylighting, rendering Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required High level of computer literacy required; 4 days training, minimum. Users Over 200. Audience Daylighting, lighting, and architectural designers.

45

NIST Lunar spectral irradiance and radiance (LUSI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... However, a spectrally resolved model that allows trending at the 0.1 % level ... of the lunar irradiance and radiance at reflected solar wavelengths. ...

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

46

Global illumination with radiance regression functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present radiance regression functions for fast rendering of global illumination in scenes with dynamic local light sources. A radiance regression function (RRF) represents a non-linear mapping from local and contextual attributes of surface points, ... Keywords: global illumination, neural network, non-linear regression, real time rendering

Peiran Ren; Jiaping Wang; Minmin Gong; Stephen Lin; Xin Tong; Baining Guo

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Diagnosing Convective Instability from GOES-8 Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical algorithms are developed to diagnose the vertical change in equivalent potential temperature (??e) between 920 and 620 hPa from GOES-8 radiance data. The models are prepared using a training dataset of radiosonde releases from 10 ...

P. Anil Rao; Henry E. Fuelberg

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Infrared Radiance Modeling by Optimal Spectral Sampling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a rapid and accurate technique for the numerical modeling of band transmittances and radiances in media with nonhomogeneous thermodynamic properties (i.e., temperature and pressure), containing a mixture of absorbing gases ...

Jean-Luc Moncet; Gennady Uymin; Alan E. Lipton; Hilary E. Snell

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Assimilation of AIRS Radiances Affected by Mid- to Low-Level Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to make use of Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) cloud-affected infrared radiances has been developed at Météo-France in the context of the global numerical weather prediction model. The method is based on (i) the detection and the ...

Thomas Pangaud; Nadia Fourrie; Vincent Guidard; Mohamed Dahoui; Florence Rabier

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Polarized radiance fields under a dynamic ocean surface: a three-dimensional radiative transfer solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hybrid matrix operator, Monte Carlo (HMOMC) method previously reported [Appl. Opt.47, 1063-1071 (2008)APOPAI0003-693510.1364/AO.47.001063] is improved by neglecting higher-order terms in the coupling of the matrix operators and by introducing a dual grid scheme. The computational efficiency for solving the vector radiative transfer equation in a full 3D coupled atmosphere-surface-ocean system is substantially improved, and, thus, large-scale simulations of the radiance distribution become feasible. The improved method is applied to the computation of the polarized radiance field under realistic surface waves simulated by the power spectral density method. To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first time that the polarized radiance field under a dynamic ocean surface and the underwater image of an object above such an ocean surface have been reported.

You Yu; Zhai Pengwang; Kattawar, George W.; Yang Ping

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

A Parameterization of Broadband Conversion Factors for METEOSAT Visible Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conversion of radiances measured by the METEOSAT visible channel into broadband radiances can be performed as long as the appropriate conversion factors are known. A simple model allowing a spectral description of the optical properties of ...

J. Stum; B. Pinty; D. Ramond

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Angular Distributions of Downward Longwave Radiance and Their Meteorological Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measured thermal radiances (? > 3 ?m) from clear and cloudy skies are averaged over azimuth angles to obtain average sky radiances at various zenith angles. The observed variation of sky emissivity with zenith angle can be explained through the ...

Charles A. Coombes; Anthony W. Harrison

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Acceleration of Radiance for Lighting Simulation by using Parallel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conference Location Sydney, Australia Abstract This study attempted to accelerate annual daylighting simulations for fenestration systems in Radiance ray-tracing program. The...

54

Assessing Stability of CERES-FM3 Daytime Longwave Unfiltered Radiance with AIRS Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) daytime longwave (LW) radiances are determined from the difference between a total (TOT) channel (0.3–200 ?m) measurement and a shortwave (SW) channel (0.3–5 ?m) measurement, while nighttime LW ...

Xianglei Huang; Norman G. Loeb; Huiwen Chuang

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Evaluating Water Vapor in the NCAR CAM3 Climate Model with RRTMG/McICA using Modeled and Observed AIRS Spectral Radiances  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Vapor in the NCAR CAM3 Climate Model with Water Vapor in the NCAR CAM3 Climate Model with RRTMG/McICA using Modeled and Observed AIRS Spectral Radiances Michael J. Iacono, Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc., 131 Hartwell Avenue, Lexington, MA 02421 USA 1. Overview Objectives: * Evaluate water vapor and temperature simulation in two versions of CAM3 by comparing modeled and observed cloud-cleared AIRS spectral radiances. * Use spectral differences to verify comparisons between modeled water vapor and temperature and observed fields retrieved from AIRS radiances. Models: OSS: Optimal Spectral Sampling model developed at AER was used to simulate clear sky AIRS radiance spectra in CAM3. RRTMG/McICA: ARM-supported LW and SW radiative transfer model developed at AER for application to GCMs. RRTMG has been fully

56

Vertical Covariance Localization for Satellite Radiances in Ensemble Kalman Filters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A widely used observation space covariance localization method is shown to adversely affect satellite radiance assimilation in ensemble Kalman filters (EnKFs) when compared to model space covariance localization. The two principal problems are ...

William F. Campbell; Craig H. Bishop; Daniel Hodyss

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Global, Seasonal Surface Variations from Satellite Radiance Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global, daily, visible, and infrared radiance measurements from the NOAA-5 Scanning Radiometer (SR) are analyzed for the months of January, April, July, and October 1977 to infer surface radiative properties A radiative transfer model that ...

William B. Rossow; Christopher L. Brest; Leonid C. Garder

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Determination of Moisture From NOAA Polar Orbiting Satellite Sounding Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented for deducing lower troposphere moisture fields from radiances measured by the operational polar orbiting NOAA satellites. Statistical evaluation of the technique demonstrates the viability of the approach. A case study with ...

Christopher M. Hayden; William L. Smith; Harold M. Woolf

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Establishing the Moon as a Spectral Radiance Standard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new automated observatory dedicated to the radiometry of the moon has been constructed to provide new radiance information for calibration of earth-orbiting imaging instruments, particularly Earth Observing System instruments. Instrumentation ...

Hugh H. Kieffer; Robert L. Wildey

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Acceleration of the matrix multiplication of Radiance three phase  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acceleration of the matrix multiplication of Radiance three phase Acceleration of the matrix multiplication of Radiance three phase daylighting simulations with parallel computing on heterogeneous hardware of personal computer Title Acceleration of the matrix multiplication of Radiance three phase daylighting simulations with parallel computing on heterogeneous hardware of personal computer Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-6461E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Zuo, Wangda, Andrew McNeil, Michael Wetter, and Eleanor S. Lee Journal Journal of Building Performance Simulation Keywords daylighting simulation, graphics processing unit, multicore central processing unit, OpenCL, parallel computing Abstract Building designers are increasingly relying on complex fenestration systems to reduce energy consumed for lighting and HVAC in low energy buildings. Radiance, a lighting simulation program, has been used to conduct daylighting simulations for complex fenestration systems. Depending on the configurations, the simulation can take hours or even days using a personal computer. This paper describes how to accelerate the matrix multiplication portion of a Radiance three-phase daylight simulation by conducting parallel computing on heterogeneous hardware of a personal computer. The algorithm was optimized and the computational part was implemented in parallel using OpenCL. The speed of new approach was evaluated using various daylighting simulation cases on a multicore central processing unit and a graphics processing unit. Based on the measurements and analysis of the time usage for the Radiance daylighting simulation, further speedups can be achieved by using fast I/O devices and storing the data in a binary format.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Comparing the Vertical Structures of Weighting Functions and Adjoint Sensitivity of Radiance and Verifying Mesoscale Forecasts Using AIRS Radiance Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An adjoint sensitivity analysis is conducted using the adjoint of the hyperspectral radiative transfer model (RTM) that simulates the radiance spectrum from the Advanced Infrared Sounder (AIRS). It is shown, both theoretically and numerically, ...

Matthew J. Carrier; Xiaolei Zou; William M. Lapenta

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Improved ARM-SGP TOA OLR Fluxes from GOES-8 IR Radiances Based on CERES Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM-SGP TOA OLR Fluxes from GOES-8 IR ARM-SGP TOA OLR Fluxes from GOES-8 IR Radiances Based on CERES Data D. R. Doelling and M. M. Khaiyer Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction The radiation budget at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) is a quantity of fundamental importance to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. Thus, it is necessary to measure the radiation budget components, broadband shortwave albedo and outgoing longwave radiation (OLR), as accurately as possible. Measurement of OLR over the ARM surface sites has only been possible since the advent of Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES; Wielicki et al. 1998) in 1998. Prior to

63

Reflected Solar Radiances from Regional Scale Scenes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of bi-directional reflectance models is presented for various atmospheric scene types. The models were composited from data collected from an aircraft platform in May-July 1979 during Summer MONEX. The space scale of the composited models ...

John M. Davis; Stephen K. Cox

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

EAQUATE: An International Experiment For Hyperspectral Atmospheric Sounding Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The international experiment called the European Aqua Thermodynamic Experiment (EAQUATE) was held in September 2004 in Italy and the United Kingdom to validate Aqua satellite Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) radiance measurements and derived ...

J. P. Taylor; S. Newman; W. L. Smith; V. Cuomo; F. Romano; G. Pappalardo; G. Pavese; L. Mona; A. Amodeo; A. M. Larar; D. K. Zhou; C. Serio; P. Di Girolamo; F. Esposito; G. Grieco; D. Summa; R. Restieri; G. Masiello; T. Maestri; R. Rizzi; P. Antonelli; S. Mango; G. Pisani

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Practical Atmospheric Correction Algorithms for a Multi-Spectral Sensor From the Visible Through the Thermal Spectral Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deriving information about the Earth's surface requires atmospheric corrections of the measured top-of-the-atmosphere radiances. One possible path is to use atmospheric radiative transfer codes to predict how the radiance leaving the ground is affected by the scattering and attenuation. In practice the atmosphere is usually not well known and thus it is necessary to use more practical methods. The authors will describe how to find dark surfaces, estimate the atmospheric optical depth, estimate path radiance and identify thick clouds using thresholds on reflectance and NDVI and columnar water vapor. The authors describe a simple method to correct a visible channel contaminated by a thin cirrus clouds.

Borel, C.C.; Villeneuve, P.V.; Clodium, W.B.; Szymenski, J.J.; Davis, A.B.

1999-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

66

Solar Stray Light Effects in Meteosat Radiances Observed and Quantified Using Operational Data Monitoring at ECMWF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiances in the water vapor (WV) and infrared channels of the Meteorological Satellite (Meteosat)-5 and -7 are being continuously monitored in the form of clear-sky radiances using the operational European Centre for Medium-Range Weather ...

Christina Köpken

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

An All-Weather Observational Operator for Radiance Data Assimilation with Mesoscale Forecast Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assimilating satellite radiance data under all weather conditions remains an outstanding problem in numerical weather prediction. This study develops an observational operator for use in radiance assimilation under both clear and cloudy ...

Thomas J. Greenwald; Rolf Hertenstein; Tomislava Vuki?evi?

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Determination of Unfiltered Radiances from the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System Instrument  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for determining unfiltered shortwave (SW), longwave (LW), and window radiances from filtered radiances measured by the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) satellite instrument is presented. The method uses ...

Norman G. Loeb; Kory J. Priestley; David P. Kratz; Erika B. Geier; Richard N. Green; Bruce A. Wielicki; Patricia O’Rawe Hinton; Sandra K. Nolan

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Radiometric and Geometric Calibration of a Visible Spectral Electro-Optic “Fisheye” Camera Radiance Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Camera systems which measure a complete hemispherical field (“fisheye” lens systems), can be applied to the measurement of the radiance, but accurate radiometric and geometric calibrations are required to obtain absolute radiance data. The ...

Kenneth J. Voss; Giuseppe Zibordi

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

CIMEL Measurements of Zenith Radiances at the ARM SGP Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CIMEL Measurements of Zenith Radiances CIMEL Measurements of Zenith Radiances at the ARM SGP Site W. J. Wiscombe National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Climate and Radiation Branch Greenbelt, Maryland A. Marshak and K. Evans Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology University of Maryland Baltimore, Maryland Y. Knyazikhin Department of Geography Boston University Boston, Massachusetts H. W. Barker Environment Canada Downsview, Ontario, Canada C. F. Pavloski Department of Meteorology Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania A. B. Davis Los Alamos National Laboratory Space and Remote Sensing Sciences Los Alamos, New Mexico M. Miller Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction The objective of our study is to exploit the sharp spectral contrast in vegetated surface reflectance across

71

Remotely Controlled, Continuous Observations of Infrared Radiance with the CSIRO/ARM Mark II Radiometer at the SGP CART Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Remotely Controlled, Continuous Observations of Remotely Controlled, Continuous Observations of Infrared Radiance with the CSIRO/ARM Mark II Radiometer at the SGP CART Site C. M. R. Platt and R. T. Austin Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado C. M. R. Platt and J. A. Bennett Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Atmospheric Research Aspendale, Victoria, Australia Abstract The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization/Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (CSIRO/ARM) Program Mark II infrared (IR) filter radiometer operated continuously at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site for a period of five weeks. Data of high quality were obtained by remote operation and data transfer with no evidence of spurious

72

Full-Time, Eye-Safe Cloud and Aerosol Lidar Observation at Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Sites: Instruments and Data Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric radiative forcing, surface radiation budget, and top-of-the-atmosphere radiance interpretation involve knowledge of the vertical height structure of overlying cloud and aerosol layers. During the last decade, the U.S. Department of ...

James R. Campbell; Dennis L. Hlavka; Ellsworth J. Welton; Connor J. Flynn; David D. Turner; James D. Spinhirne; V. Stanley Scott III; I. H. Hwang

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Field Experiment for Measurement of the Radiative Characteristics of a Hazy Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theoretical two-and three-dimensional solutions to the radiative transfer equation have been applied to the earth-atmosphere system. A field experiment was conducted to test this theory. in the experiment the upward radiance was measured above ...

Y. J. Kaufman; T. W. Brakke; E. Eloranta

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Comparison of Nimbus-7 SMMR and GOES-1 VISSR Atmospheric Liquid Water Content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertically integrated atmospheric liquid water content derived from Nimbus-7 Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) brightness temperatures and from GOES-1 Visible and Infrared Spin-Scan Radiometer (VISSR) radiances in the visible are ...

Jean-Yves Lojou; Robert Frouin; René Bernard

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Very Narrow Band Model Calculations of Atmospheric Fluxes and Cooling Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new very narrow band model (VNBM) approach has been developed and incorporated into the MODTRAN atmospheric transmittance–radiance code. The VNBM includes a computational spectral resolution of 1 cm?1, a single-line Voigt equivalent width ...

L. S. Bernstein; A. Berk; P. K. Acharya; D. C. Robertson; G. P. Anderson; J. H. Chetwynd; L. M. Kimball

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Influence of sky radiance measurement errors on inversion-retrieved aerosol properties  

SciTech Connect

Remote sensing of the atmospheric aerosol is a well-established technique that is currently used for routine monitoring of this atmospheric component, both from ground-based and satellite. The AERONET program, initiated in the 90's, is the most extended network and the data provided are currently used by a wide community of users for aerosol characterization, satellite and model validation and synergetic use with other instrumentation (lidar, in-situ, etc.). Aerosol properties are derived within the network from measurements made by ground-based Sun-sky scanning radiometers. Sky radiances are acquired in two geometries: almucantar and principal plane. Discrepancies in the products obtained following both geometries have been observed and the main aim of this work is to determine if they could be justified by measurement errors. Three systematic errors have been analyzed in order to quantify the effects on the inversion-derived aerosol properties: calibration, pointing accuracy and finite field of view. Simulations have shown that typical uncertainty in the analyzed quantities (5% in calibration, 0.2 Degree-Sign in pointing and 1.2 Degree-Sign field of view) yields to errors in the retrieved parameters that vary depending on the aerosol type and geometry. While calibration and pointing errors have relevant impact on the products, the finite field of view does not produce notable differences.

Torres, B.; Toledano, C.; Cachorro, V. E.; Bennouna, Y. S.; Fuertes, D.; Gonzalez, R.; Frutos, A. M. de [Atmospheric Optics Group (GOA), University of Valladolid, Valladolid (Spain); Berjon, A. J. [Izana Atmospheric Research Center, Meteorological State Agency of Spain (AEMET), Sta. Cruz de Tenerife (Spain); Dubovik, O.; Goloub, P.; Podvin, T.; Blarel, L. [Laboratory of Atmospheric Optics, Universite Lille 1, Villeneuve d'Ascq (France)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

77

Proton damage effects on light emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the effects of 16-MeV proton irradiation on the performance of a variety of light emitting diodes (LED's) emitting between 820 and 1300 nm. Total light output and current were measured at room temperature as a function of forward bias prior to and following a sequence of room temperature 16-MeV proton irradiations. Our results indicate that the relative amount of proton-induced degradation from one LED type to another is similar to that observed for neutron and gamma irradiations. More specifically, the most sensitive device is the amphoterically Si-doped GaAs LED which is characterized by a long preirradiation minority carrier lifetime. The most resistant LEDs are the high radiance GaAlAs (820 nm) and InGaAsP (1300 nm) LEDs. As in the case of Si devices, the degradation rate per irradiating particle fluence is significantly greater for proton irradiation of these LEDs than it is for neutron exposure. Neutron damage data presented herein indicate that the ratio of proton-to-neutron degradation rates can be as high as 100. Lifetime-damage constant products for constant current operation are calculated for each LED type and vary from 1.5 x 10/sup -13/ cm/sup 2//p for the InGaAsP LED to 1.1 x 10/sup -10/ cm/sup 2//p for the amphoterically Si-doped GaAs LED.

Rose, B.H.; Barnes, C.E.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

GPU-based Calculation for Scattering Characteristics of Complex Targets from Background Radiance in Infrared Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scattering characteristic of complex targets from sky and ground background radiance plays an important role in engineering fields. Firstly, a 5-parameter BRDF (Bidirectional Reflectance Distributional Function) model is introduced. Then MODTRAN is used ... Keywords: scattering characteristic, background radiance, BRDF, GPU, CUDA, optimization

Xing Guo, Zhensen Wu, Longxiang Linghu, Yufeng Yang, Yunhua Cao, Jiaji Wu

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Application of an Artificial Neural Network Simulation for Top-of-Atmosphere Radiative Flux Estimation from CERES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) provides top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiative flux estimates from shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) radiance measurements by applying empirical angular distribution models (ADMs) for scene ...

Konstantin Loukachine; Norman G. Loeb

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Improved Normalization of the Size Distribution of Atmospheric Particles Retrieved from Aureole Measurements Using the Diffraction Approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an improvement in the diffraction approximation used to retrieve the size distribution of atmospheric particles from solar aureole radiance measurements. Normalization using total optical thickness based on measurement of the ...

J. G. DeVore

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Evaluation of a Strategy for the Assimilation of Satellite Radiance Observations with the Local Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper evaluates a strategy for the assimilation of satellite radiance observations with the local ensemble transform Kalman filter (LETKF) data assimilation scheme. The assimilation strategy includes a mechanism to select the radiance ...

José A. Aravéquia; Istvan Szunyogh; Elana J. Fertig; Eugenia Kalnay; David Kuhl; Eric J. Kostelich

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Precomputed local radiance transfer for real-time lighting design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new method for real-time relighting of scenes illuminated by local light sources. We extend previous work on precomputed radiance transfer for distant lighting to local lighting by introducing the concept of unstructured light clouds. The unstructured light cloud enables a compact representation of local lights in the model and real-time rendering of complex models with full global illumination due to local light sources. We use simplification of lights, and clustered PCA to obtain a compressed representation. When storing only the indirect component of the illumination, we are able to get high quality with only 8– 16 lighting coefficients per vertex. Our results demonstrate real-time rendering of scenes with moving lights, dynamic cameras, glossy materials and global illumination.

Anders Wang Kristensen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie Curie Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie Curie May 27, 2011 - 1:30pm Addthis Alan Alda | Photo Courtesy of www.alanalda.com Alan Alda | Photo Courtesy of www.alanalda.com Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science They might appear to have little in common. She received two Nobel Prizes. He won six Emmys. She was born in Poland and made her name in Paris. He was born in New York City, and made his fame in Hollywood. Despite their differences, Marie Curie and Alan Alda will be coming together on opening night of the upcoming World Science Festival, through a special reading of his first play, Radiance: The Passion of Marie Curie.

84

Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie Curie Radiance: Science and Stagecraft Come Together via Alan Alda and Marie Curie May 27, 2011 - 1:30pm Addthis Alan Alda | Photo Courtesy of www.alanalda.com Alan Alda | Photo Courtesy of www.alanalda.com Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science They might appear to have little in common. She received two Nobel Prizes. He won six Emmys. She was born in Poland and made her name in Paris. He was born in New York City, and made his fame in Hollywood. Despite their differences, Marie Curie and Alan Alda will be coming together on opening night of the upcoming World Science Festival, through a special reading of his first play, Radiance: The Passion of Marie Curie.

85

Dual-Regression Retrieval Algorithm for Real-Time Processing of Satellite Ultraspectral Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fast physically based dual-regression (DR) method is developed to produce, in real time, accurate profile and surface- and cloud-property retrievals from satellite ultraspectral radiances observed for both clear- and cloudy-sky conditions. The ...

William L. Smith Sr.; Elisabeth Weisz; Stanislav V. Kireev; Daniel K. Zhou; Zhenglong Li; Eva E. Borbas

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Assessing NOAA-16 HIRS Radiance Accuracy Using Simultaneous Nadir Overpass Observations from AIRS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) has been carried on NOAA satellites for more than two decades, and the HIRS data have been widely used for geophysical retrievals, climate studies, and radiance assimilation for numerical ...

Likun Wang; Changyong Cao; Pubu Ciren

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Interchannel Error Correlation Associated with AIRS Radiance Observations: Inference and Impact in Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interchannel observation error correlation (IOEC) associated with radiance observations is currently assumed to be zero in meteorological data assimilation systems. This assumption may lead to suboptimal analyses. Here, the IOEC is inferred ...

Louis Garand; Sylvain Heilliette; Mark Buehner

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Normalization and Calibration of Geostationary Satellite Radiances for the international Satellite Cloud Climatology Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Procedures are described for normalizing the radiometric calibration of image radiances obtained from the suite of geostationary weather satellites that contributed data to the international Satellite Cloud Climatology Project. The key step is ...

Yves Desormeaux; William B. Rossow; Christopher L. Brest; G. Garrett Campbell

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Development of a GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager Solar Channel Radiance Simulator for Ice Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the development of an ice cloud radiance simulator for the anticipated Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite R (GOES-R) Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) solar channels. The simulator is based on the discrete ...

Shouguo Ding; Ping Yang; Bryan A. Baum; Andrew Heidinger; Thomas Greenwald

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Impact Study of AMSR-E Radiances in the NCEP Global Data Assimilation System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of radiance observations from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for Earth Observing System (AMSR-E) was investigated in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS). The GDAS ...

Masahiro Kazumori; Quanhua Liu; Russ Treadon; John C. Derber

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

An Evaluation of Above- and In-Water Methods for Determining Water-Leaving Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-quality dataset collected at an oceanographic tower was used to compare water-leaving radiances derived from simultaneous above- and in-water optical measurements. The former involved two different above-water systems and four different ...

Stanford B. Hooker; Gordana Lazin; Giuseppe Zibordi; Scott McLean

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Global Observations of Upper-Tropospheric Water Vapor Derived from TOVS Radiance Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a physically based method for the retrieval of upper-tropospheric humidity (UTH) and upper-tropospheric column water vapor (UTCWV) based an the use of radiance data collected by the TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS), ...

Graeme L. Stephens; Darren L. Jackson; Ian Wittmeyer

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Global, Seasonal Cloud Variations from Satellite Radiance Measurements. Part II. Cloud Properties and Radiative Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global, daily, visible and infrared radiance measurements from the NOAA-5 Scanning Radiometer (SR) are analyzed for the months of January, April, July and October 1977 to infer cloud and surface radiative properties and their effects on the Earth ...

William B. Rossow; Andrew A. Lacis

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Evaluating Added Benefits of Assimilating GOES Imager Radiance Data in GSI for Coastal QPFs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) provide high-resolution, temporally continuous imager radiance data over the West Coast (GOES-West currently known as GOES-11) and East Coast (GOES-East currently GOES-12) of the United ...

Zhengkun Qin; Xiaolei Zou; Fuzhong Weng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Satellite Radiance Assimilation in the JMA Operational Mesoscale 4D-Var System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The direct radiance assimilation scheme used in the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) global analysis system is applied to the JMA mesoscale 4-dimensional variational (4D-Var) system with two modifications. First, the data thinning distance is ...

Masahiro Kazumori

96

Global, Seasonal Cloud Variations from Satellite Radiance Measurements. Part I: Sensitivity of Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global, daily, visible and infrared radiance measurements from the NOAA-5 Scanning Radiometer (SR) are analyzed for the months of January, April, July and October 1977 to infer cloud and surface radiative properties. In this first paper in a ...

William B. Rossow; Leonid C. Garder; Andrew A. Lacis

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A Technique for Estimating Outgoing Longwave Radiation from HIRS Radiance Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique for estimating outgoing longwave radiation from observations on the NOAA operational satellites has been developed from a regression analysis of radiation model calculations. The technique consists of a weighted sum of radiance in ...

Robert G. Ellingson; David J. Yanuk; Hai-Tien Lee; Arnold Gruber

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Using Sun Glint to Check the Relative Calibration of Reflected Spectral Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of sunlight reflected from regions of sun glint are used to check the relative calibration of spectral radiances obtained with imaging radiometers. Reflectances at different wavelengths for sun-glint regions are linearly related. ...

Gunnar Luderer; James A. Coakley Jr.; William R. Tahnk

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Satellite Determinations of the Relationship between Total Longwave Radiation Flux and Infrared Window Radiance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nimbus-7 satellite observations are used to determine the relationship between the total longwave radiation flux and the radiance in the 10-12 ?m infrared window. The total longwave fluxes are obtained from the earth radiation budget (ERB) narrow-...

George Ohring; Arnold Gruber; Robert Ellingson

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Clear-Sky Window Channel Radiances: A Comparison between Observations and the ECMWF Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comparison of clear-sky radiances of the Meteosat window channel with the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model results is presented, aiming to assess both the model's performance and the quality of the observations. ...

Isabel F. Trigo; Pedro Viterbo

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Improvement of AERI T/q Retrievals and Their Validation at Anmyeon-Do, South Korea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI), which measures downwelling radiances, has been in operation at Anmyeon-do, South Korea, since June 2010. Temperature and moisture (T/q) profiles with high temporal and vertical resolution can ...

Shin-Hoo Kang; Tae-Young Goo; Mi-Lim Ou

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Light-emitting diode spherical packages: an equation for the light transmission efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virtually all light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are encapsulated with a transparent epoxy or silicone-gel. In this paper we analyze the optical efficiency of spherical encapsulants. We develop a quasi-radiometric equation for the light transmission efficiency, which incorporates some ideas of Monte-Carlo ray tracing into the context of radiometry. The approach includes the extended source nature of the LED chip, and the chip radiance distribution. The equation is an explicit function of the size and the refractive index of the package, and also of several chip parameters such as shape, size, radiance, and location inside the package. To illustrate the use of this equation, we analyze several packaging configurations of practical interest; for example, a hemispherical dome with multiple chips, a flat encapsulation as a special case of the spherical package, and approximate calculations of an encapsulant with a photonic crystal LED or with a photonic quasi crystal LED. These calculations are compared with Monte-Carl...

Moreno, Ivan; Avendano-Alejo, Maximino; 10.1364/AO.49.000012

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A Physical Formulation of Atmospheric Transmittances for the Massive Assimilation of Satellite Infrared Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A continuous assimilation of high-density global satellite observations is required in order to improve numerical weather prediction analyses used to start forecasts. Until now, it was assumed that efficiency requirements imposed the use of ...

L. Garand; D. S. Turner; C. Chouinard; J. Hallé

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

An Approximation to Multiple Scattering in the Earth's Atmosphere: Almucantar Radiance Formulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The retrieval of aerosol size distributions from solar aureole measurements, in the past, have been made tractable by assuming the single-scattering approximation, since the inclusion of multiple scattering by solving the complete radiative ...

M. A. Box; A. Deepak

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Mesoscale Cloud State Estimation from Visible and Infrared Satellite Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on cloudy atmosphere state estimation from high-resolution visible and infrared satellite remote sensing measurements and a mesoscale model with explicit cloud prediction. The cloud state is defined as 3D spatially distributed ...

T. Vukicevic; T. Greenwald; M. Zupanski; D. Zupanski; T. Vonder Haar; A. S. Jones

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Radiance Comparisons of MODIS and AIRS Using Spatial Response Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The combination of multiple satellite instruments on a pixel-by-pixel basis is a difficult task, even for instruments collocated in space and time, such as the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Atmospheric Infrared Sounder ...

M. M. Schreier; B. H. Kahn; A. Eldering; D. A. Elliott; E. Fishbein; F. W. Irion; T. S. Pagano

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

The Spectral Radiance Experiment (SPECTRE): Project Description and Sample Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fundamental climatic role of radiative processes has spurred the development of increasingly sophisticated models of radiative transfer in the earth-atmosphere system. Since the basic physics of radiative transfer is rather well known, this ...

Robert G. Ellingson; Warren J. Wiscombe

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Angular Distribution Models for Top-of-Atmosphere Radiative Flux Estimation from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System Instrument on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Satellite. Part II: Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiative fluxes from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) are estimated from empirical angular distribution models (ADMs) that convert instantaneous radiance measurements to TOA fluxes. This paper ...

Norman G. Loeb; Konstantin Loukachine; Natividad Manalo-Smith; Bruce A. Wielicki; David F. Young

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Angular Distribution Models for Top-of-Atmosphere Radiative Flux Estimation from the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System Instrument on the Terra Satellite. Part II: Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Errors in top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiative fluxes from the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument due to uncertainties in radiance-to-flux conversion from CERES Terra angular distribution models (ADMs) are evaluated ...

Norman G. Loeb; Seiji Kato; Konstantin Loukachine; Natividad Manalo-Smith; David R. Doelling

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

ACCELERATION OF RADIANCE FOR LIGHTING SIMULATION BY USING PARALLEL COMPUTING WITH OPENCL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACCELERATION OF RADIANCE FOR LIGHTING SIMULATION BY USING ACCELERATION OF RADIANCE FOR LIGHTING SIMULATION BY USING PARALLEL COMPUTING WITH OPENCL Wangda Zuo, Andrew McNeil, Michael Wetter, Eleanor Lee Building Technologies Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA ABSTRACT We report on the acceleration of annual daylighting simulations for fenestration systems in the Radiance ray-tracing program. The algorithm was optimized to reduce both the redundant data input/output operations and the floating-point operations. To further accelerate the simulation speed, the calculation for matrix multiplications was implemented using parallel computing on a graphics processing unit. We used OpenCL, which is a cross- platform parallel programming language. Numerical

111

Monitoring of IR Clear-Sky Radiances over Oceans for SST (MICROS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monitoring of IR Clear-Sky Radiances over Oceans for SST (MICROS) is a Web-based tool to monitor “model minus observation” (M ? O) biases in clear-sky brightness temperatures (BTs) and sea surface temperatures (SSTs) produced by the Advanced Clear-...

Xingming Liang; Alexander Ignatov

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Immersion Factor of In-Water Radiance Sensors: Assessment for a Class of Radiometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spectral immersion factor of in-water radiance sensors If quantifies the effects of changes in the sensor's response when operated in water versus in air. The values of If are currently computed with a relationship derived from a basic sensor ...

Giuseppe Zibordi

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Autonomous Above-Water Radiance Measurements from an Offshore Platform: A Field Assessment Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An autonomous system for making above-water radiance measurements has been produced by adding a new measurement scenario to a CIMEL CE-318 sun photometer. The new system, called the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) Photometer ...

G. Zibordi; S. B. Hooker; J. F. Berthon; D. D'Alimonte

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Platform and Environmental Effects on Above-Water Determinations of Water-Leaving Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comparison of above- and in-water spectral measurements in Case-1 conditions showed the uncertainty in above-water determinations of water-leaving radiances depended on the pointing angle of the above-water instruments with respect to the side ...

Stanford B. Hooker; André Morel

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Clear Skies S. A. Clough Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

S. A. Clough S. A. Clough Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Cambridge, MA 02139 The objective of this research effort is to develop radiative transfer models that are consistent with Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program spectral radiance measurements for clear and cloudy atmospheres. Our approach is to develop the model physics and related databases with a line-by-line model in the context of available spectral radiance measurements. The line-by- line mode! then functions as an intermediate standard to both develop and validate rapid radiative transfer models appropriate to GCM applications. consistent with downlooking data taken with the high spectral resolution interferometer sounder (HIS) (Smith et al. 1983) from 20 km and with simultaneous data taken

116

Carbon Emitted, Carbon Saved  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere continues to grow, and there is increasing interest in trying to minimize emissions. Countries and corporations are conducting inventories of their emissions and investigating how changes in some practices might lead to reduced emissions. If ratified, the Kyoto Protocol would permit countries to trade emissions permits. In conducting the inventories and related analyses, analysts and policymakers need to clearly understand system boundaries and their significance.

Gregg Marl; Tristram O. West; John C. Fenderson; Karen Gibson

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Process of preparing metal parts to be heated by means of infrared radiance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for preparing metal for heating by infrared radiance to enable uniform and consistent heating. The surface of one or more metal parts, such as aluminum or aluminum alloy parts, is treated to alter the surface finish to affect the reflectivity of the surface. The surface reflectivity is evaluated, such as by taking measurements at one or more points on the surface, to determine if a desired reflectivity has been achieved. The treating and measuring are performed until the measuring indicates that the desired reflectivity has been achieved. Once the treating has altered the surface finish to achieve the desired reflectivity, the metal part may then be exposed to infrared radiance to heat the metal part to a desired temperature, and that heating will be substantially consistent throughout by virtue of the desired reflectivity.

Mayer, Howard Robinson (Cincinnati, OH); Blue, Craig A. (Knoxville, TN)

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

118

Detection of Cloud-Top Height from Backscattered Radiances within the Oxygen A Band. Part 1: Theoretical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of radiative transfer calculations were performed to study the possibility of determining cloud-top pressure (height) from backscattered solar radiances within the oxygen A-band absorption. For the development of a cloud-top pressure ...

J. Fischer; H. Grassl

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Spatial and Temporal Variations in Mesoscale Water Vapor Retrieved from TOVS Infrared Radiances in a Nocturnal Inversion Situation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale moisture fields are retrieved from TOVS (TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder) infrared radiances from two polar-orbiting satellites. A special feature of the retrieval process is the determination of the surface skin temperature ...

Donald W. Hillger

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Spatial Patterns of Climate Variability in Upper-Tropospheric Water Vapor Radiances from Satellite Data and Climate Model Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of multivariate fingerprints and spatial pattern correlation in the detection and attribution of climate change has concentrated on radiosonde temperature fields. However, the large body of radiance data from satellite-borne instruments ...

A. J. Geer; J. E. Harries; H. E. Brindley

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Toward an Integrated Land–Ocean Surface Skin Temperature Analysis from the Variational Assimilation of Infrared Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-East and -West window channel radiances are directly assimilated using a 1D variational technique, providing surface skin temperature (Ts) estimates over all surface types (land, water, or ...

Louis Garand

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Atmospheric Environment ] (  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of light, a laser light and a light from light emitting diode described in Chapter 4. The internally

Li, Zhanqing

123

Defining Top-of-the-Atmosphere Flux Reference Level for Earth Radiation Budget Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To estimate the earth's radiation budget at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) from satellite-measured radiances, it is necessary to account for the finite geometry of the earth and recognize that the earth is a solid body surrounded by a ...

Norman G. Loeb; Seiji Kato; Bruce A. Wielicki

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Atmospheric Aerosols  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

measuring equipment Atmospheric Aerosols Atmospheric aerosol research at Berkeley Lab seeks to understand the air quality and climate impacts of particles in the atmosphere. On...

125

Long persistent light emitting diode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Light emitting diodes(LEDs)coated with Sr 2 Mg Si 2 O 7 : Eu 2 + Nd 3 + (blue) Sr Al 2 O 4 : Eu 2 + Dy 3 + (green) Sr S : Eu 2 + Y 3 + Ce 3 + (orange)

D. Jia; D. N. Hunter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Final Scientific/Technical Report Grant title: Use of ARM Measurements of Spectral Zenith Radiance for Better Understanding of 3D Cloud-Radiation Processes and Aerosol-Cloud Interaction This is a collaborative project with the NASA GSFC project of Dr. A. Marshak and W. Wiscombe (PIs). This report covers BU activities from February 2011 to June 2011 and BU "Â?no-cost extension" activities from June 2011 to June 2012. This report summarizes results that complement a final technical report submitted by the PIs in 2011.  

SciTech Connect

Main results are summarized for work in these areas: spectrally-invariant approximation within atmospheric radiative transfer; spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths; seasonal changes in leaf area of Amazon forests from leaf flushing and abscission; and Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements.

Knyazikhin, Y

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

127

JGR-Atmospheres Papers from the RADAGAST Research Team  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

JGR-Atmospheres Papers from the RADAGAST Research Team JGR-Atmospheres Papers from the RADAGAST Research Team Bharmal, N.A., A. Slingo, G.J. Robinson, and J.J. Settle, 2009: Simulation of surface and top of atmosphere thermal fluxes and radiances from the RADAGAST experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114, doi:10.1029/2008JD010504, in press. Kollias, P., M.A. Miller, K.L. Johnson, M.P. Jensen, and D.T. Troyan, 2009: Cloud, thermodynamic, and precipitation observations in West Africa during 2006. Journal of Geophysical Research- Atmospheres, 114, doi: 10.1029/2008JD010641, in press. McFarlane, S.A., E.I. Kassianov, J. Barnard, C. Flynn, and T. Ackerman, 2009: Surface shortwave aerosol forcing during the ARM Mobile Facility deployment in Niamey, Niger. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114, doi: 10.1029/2008JD010491, 17 pages.

128

Radiance Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Temperature using Detectors Calibrated for Absolute Spectral Power Response, HW ... A Third Generation Water Bath Based Blackbody Source, JB ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

129

Acceleration of Radiance for Lighting Simulation by Using Parallel Computing with OpenCL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the acceleration of annual daylighting simulations for fenestration systems in the Radiance ray-tracing program. The algorithm was optimized to reduce both the redundant data input/output operations and the floating-point operations. To further accelerate the simulation speed, the calculation for matrix multiplications was implemented using parallel computing on a graphics processing unit. We used OpenCL, which is a cross-platform parallel programming language. Numerical experiments show that the combination of the above measures can speed up the annual daylighting simulations 101.7 times or 28.6 times when the sky vector has 146 or 2306 elements, respectively.

Zuo, Wangda; McNeil, Andrew; Wetter, Michael; Lee, Eleanor

2011-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

130

Simulating the Daylight Performance of Complex Fenestration Systems Using Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions within Radiance  

SciTech Connect

We describe two methods which rely on bidirectional scattering distribution functions (BSDFs) to model the daylighting performance of complex fenestration systems (CFS), enabling greater flexibility and accuracy in evaluating arbitrary assemblies of glazing, shading, and other optically-complex coplanar window systems. Two tools within Radiance enable a) efficient annual performance evaluations of CFS, and b) accurate renderings of CFS despite the loss of spatial resolution associated with low-resolution BSDF datasets for inhomogeneous systems. Validation, accuracy, and limitations of the methods are discussed.

Ward, Gregory; Mistrick, Ph.D., Richard; Lee, Eleanor; McNeil, Andrew; Jonsson, Ph.D., Jacob

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

131

Comparison of AIRS and IASI Radiances Using GOES Imagers as Transfer Radiometers toward Climate Data Records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI), together with the future Cross-track Infrared Sounder, will provide long-term hyperspectral measurements of the earth and its atmosphere at 10 ...

Likun Wang; Xiangqian Wu; Mitch Goldberg; Changyong Cao; Yaping Li; Seung-Hee Sohn

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Infrared emitting device and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An infrared emitting device and method. The infrared emitting device comprises a III-V compound semiconductor substrate upon which are grown a quantum-well active region having a plurality of quantum-well layers formed of a ternary alloy comprising InAsSb sandwiched between barrier layers formed of a ternary alloy having a smaller lattice constant and a larger energy bandgap than the quantum-well layers. The quantum-well layers are preferably compressively strained to increase the threshold energy for Auger recombination; and a method is provided for determining the preferred thickness for the quantum-well layers. Embodiments of the present invention are described having at least one cladding layer to increase the optical and carrier confinement in the active region, and to provide for waveguiding of the light generated within the active region. Examples have been set forth showing embodiments of the present invention as surface- and edge-emitting light emitting diodes (LEDs), an optically-pumped semiconductor laser, and an electrically-injected semiconductor diode laser. The light emission from each of the infrared emitting devices of the present invention is in the midwave infrared region of the spectrum from about 2 to 6 microns.

Kurtz, Steven R. (Albuquerque, NM); Biefeld, Robert M. (Albuquerque, NM); Dawson, L. Ralph (Albuquerque, NM); Howard, Arnold J. (Albuquerque, NM); Baucom, Kevin C. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Section 81  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Part II: Water Vapor and Atmospheric Aerosols B.A. Whitney, H.E. Revercomb, R.O. Knuteson, F.A. Best, and W.L. Smith University of...

134

Blue light emitting thiogallate phosphor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A crystalline blue emitting thiogallate phosphor of the formula RGa.sub.2 S.sub.4 :Ce.sub.x where R is selected from the group consisting of calcium, strontium, barium and zinc, and x is from about 1 to 10 atomic percent, the phosphor characterized as having a crystalline microstructure on the size order of from about 100 .ANG. to about 10,000 .ANG. is provided together with a process of preparing a crystalline blue emitting thiogallate phosphor by depositing on a substrate by CVD and resultant thin film electroluminescent devices including a layer of such deposited phosphor on an ordinary glass substrate.

Dye, Robert C. (Los Alamos, NM); Smith, David C. (Los Alamos, NM); King, Christopher N. (Portland, OR); Tuenge, Richard T. (Hillsboro, OR)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A model for the directional distribution of the diffuse sky radiance with an application to a CPC collector  

SciTech Connect

The development of a new, semi-empirical model for the directional distribution of the diffuse radiance is reported. The proposed regression-type model, with the form of its base functions obtained from physical principles, is based on a combination of the purely physical reasoning approach and the purely empirical approach. Direct multiple-scattering calculations are circumvented through the use of the method of successive orders of scattering. The model is calibrated for the mean diffuse radiance estimated under all sky conditions reported in a large and comprehensive diffuse radiance data set. It is found that only a small increase in accuracy is gained by including higher orders of scattering, and this increase does not justify the complexity of the resulting model. Therefore, the single scattering approximation is recommended. The use of the model is illustrated in a typical application, in which the fraction of diffuse radiation intercepted by the receive of a compound parabolic concentrator is computed.

Siala, F.M.F. (Center for Solar Energy Studies, Tripoli (Libya)); Hooper, F.C. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Atmospheric Aerosols  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tom Kirchstetter with aerosol measurement instrument Atmospheric Aerosols Atmospheric aerosol research at LBNL seeks to understand the air quality and climate impacts of particles...

137

Foliar lead uptake by lettuce exposed to atmospheric fallouts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Foliar lead uptake by lettuce exposed to atmospheric fallouts Gaëlle Uzu, Sophie Sobanska of foliar uptake of lead by lettuce (lactuca sativa) exposed to the atmospheric fallouts of a lead Pb-rich fallouts are studied. INTRODUCTION Particles emitted in the atmosphere present a large

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

Broadband light-emitting diode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A broadband light-emitting diode. The broadband light-emitting diode (LED) comprises a plurality of III-V compound semiconductor layers grown on a semiconductor substrate, with the semiconductor layers including a pair of cladding layers sandwiched about a strained-quantum-well active region having a plurality of different energy bandgaps for generating light in a wavelength range of about 1.3-2 .mu.m. In one embodiment of the present invention, the active region may comprise a first-grown quantum-well layer and a last-grown quantum-well layer that are oppositely strained; whereas in another embodiment of the invention, the active region is formed from a short-period superlattice structure (i.e. a pseudo alloy) comprising alternating thin layers of InGaAs and InGaAlAs. The use a short-period superlattice structure for the active region allows different layers within the active region to be simply and accurately grown by repetitively opening and closing one or more shutters in an MBE growth apparatus to repetitively switch between different growth states therein. The broadband LED may be formed as either a surface-emitting LED or as an edge-emitting LED for use in applications such as chemical sensing, fiber optic gyroscopes, wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) fiber-optic data links, and WDM fiber-optic sensor networks for automobiles and aircraft.

Fritz, Ian J. (Albuquerque, NM); Klem, John F. (Sandia Park, NM); Hafich, Michael J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Broadband light-emitting diode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A broadband light-emitting diode is disclosed. The broadband light-emitting diode (LED) comprises a plurality of III-V compound semiconductor layers grown on a semiconductor substrate, with the semiconductor layers including a pair of cladding layers sandwiched about a strained-quantum-well active region having a plurality of different energy bandgaps for generating light in a wavelength range of about 1.3--2 {micro}m. In one embodiment of the present invention, the active region may comprise a first-grown quantum-well layer and a last-grown quantum-well layer that are oppositely strained; whereas in another embodiment of the invention, the active region is formed from a short-period superlattice structure (i.e. a pseudo alloy) comprising alternating thin layers of InGaAs and InGaAlAs. The use a short-period superlattice structure for the active region allows different layers within the active region to be simply and accurately grown by repetitively opening and closing one or more shutters in an MBE growth apparatus to repetitively switch between different growth states therein. The broadband LED may be formed as either a surface-emitting LED or as an edge-emitting LED for use in applications such as chemical sensing, fiber optic gyroscopes, wavelength-divisionmultiplexed (WDM) fiber-optic data links, and WDM fiber-optic sensor networks for automobiles and aircraft. 10 figs.

Fritz, I.J.; Klem, J.F.; Hafich, M.J.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

140

Infrared emitting device and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The infrared emitting device comprises a III-V compound semiconductor substrate upon which are grown a quantum-well active region having a plurality of quantum-well layers formed of a ternary alloy comprising InAsSb sandwiched between barrier layers formed of a ternary alloy having a smaller lattice constant and a larger energy bandgap than the quantum-well layers. The quantum-well layers are preferably compressively strained to increase the threshold energy for Auger recombination; and a method is provided for determining the preferred thickness for the quantum-well layers. Embodiments of the present invention are described having at least one cladding layer to increase the optical and carrier confinement in the active region, and to provide for waveguiding of the light generated within the active region. Examples have been set forth showing embodiments of the present invention as surface- and edge-emitting light emitting diodes (LEDs), an optically-pumped semiconductor laser, and an electrically-injected semiconductor diode laser. The light emission from each of the infrared emitting devices of the present invention is in the midwave infrared region of the spectrum from about 2 to 6 microns. 8 figs.

Kurtz, S.R.; Biefeld, R.M.; Dawson, L.R.; Howard, A.J.; Baucom, K.C.

1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program: Atmospheric Remote Sensing and Assessment Program -- Final Report. Part 1: The lower atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents work done between FY91 and FY95 for the lower atmospheric portion of the joint Department of Defense (DoD) and Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Remote Sensing and Assessment Program (ARSAP) within the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP). The work focused on (1) developing new measurement capabilities and (2) measuring atmospheric heating in a well-defined layer and then relating it to cloud properties an water vapor content. Seven new instruments were develop3ed for use with Unmanned Aerospace Vehicles (UAVs) as the host platform for flux, radiance, cloud, and water vapor measurements. Four major field campaigns were undertaken to use these new as well as existing instruments to make critically needed atmospheric measurements. Scientific results include the profiling of clear sky fluxes from near surface to 14 km and the strong indication of cloudy atmosphere absorption of solar radiation considerably greater than predicted by extant models.

Tooman, T.P. [ed.] [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States). Exploratory Systems Technology Dept.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Atmospheric optical measurements during high altitude balloon flight, Part III, Sky radiances in the 400 to 500 millimicron region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5224 Sandia Corporation Sandia Base Albuquerque, NewPatterson AFB, Ohio Parsons, Mr. Dan Section 5224-1 SandiaCorporation Sandia Base Albuquerque, New Mexico Pezzuto, Mr.

Boileau, Almerian R

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Retrieval of Cloud Microphysical Properties from Thermal Infrared Observations by a Fast Iterative Radiance Fitting Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is presented for inferring the IR optical depth, effective radius, and liquid water path of clouds from multispectral observations of emitted thermal radiation, which takes advantage of the larger number of spectral channels of ...

C. Rathke; J. Fischer

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Quantum Dot Light Emitting Diode  

SciTech Connect

The project objective is to create low cost coatable inorganic light emitting diodes, composed of quantum dot emitters and inorganic nanoparticles, which have the potential for efficiencies equivalent to that of LEDs and OLEDs and lifetime, brightness, and environmental stability between that of LEDs and OLEDs. At the end of the project the Recipient shall gain an understanding of the device physics and properties of Quantum-Dot LEDs (QD-LEDs), have reliable and accurate nanocrystal synthesis routines, and have formed green-yellow emitting QD-LEDs with a device efficiency greater than 3 lumens/W, a brightness greater than 400 cd/m{sup 2}, and a device operational lifetime of more than 1000 hours. Thus the aim of the project is to break the current cost-efficiency paradigm by creating novel low cost inorganic LEDs composed of inorganic nanoparticles.

Kahen, Keith

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

145

Quantum Dot Light Emitting Diode  

SciTech Connect

The project objective is to create low cost coatable inorganic light emitting diodes, composed of quantum dot emitters and inorganic nanoparticles, which have the potential for efficiencies equivalent to that of LEDs and OLEDs and lifetime, brightness, and environmental stability between that of LEDs and OLEDs. At the end of the project the Recipient shall gain an understanding of the device physics and properties of Quantum-Dot LEDs (QD-LEDs), have reliable and accurate nanocrystal synthesis routines, and have formed green-yellow emitting QD-LEDs with a device efficiency greater than 3 lumens/W, a brightness greater than 400 cd/m2, and a device operational lifetime of more than 1000 hours. Thus the aim of the project is to break the current cost-efficiency paradigm by creating novel low cost inorganic LEDs composed of inorganic nanoparticles.

Keith Kahen

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Light Emitting Diodes and General Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light Emitting Diodes and General Lighting Speaker(s): Martin Moeck Date: August 6, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 We give a short overview on high-power light emitting diodes,...

147

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE CHARACTERISTICS (SAMPLE LAB WRITEUP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 LIGHT EMITTING DIODE CHARACTERISTICS (SAMPLE LAB WRITEUP) John A. McNeill ECE Box 000 January 19, 1997 ABSTRACT This lab investigates the V-I characteristic of a light-emitting diode (LED

McNeill, John A.

148

White emitting polyfluorene functionalized with azide hybridized on near-UV light emitting diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White emitting polyfluorene functionalized with azide hybridized on near-UV light emitting diode generation using CdSe/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals hybridized with InGaN/GaN light emitting diodesGaN/conjugated polymer hybrid light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2664-2666 (1997). 9. H. V. Demir, S

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

149

Visible light emitting vertical cavity surface emitting lasers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical cavity surface emitting laser that emits visible radiation is built upon a substrate, then having mirrors, the first mirror on top of the substrate; both sets of mirrors being a distributed Bragg reflector of either dielectrics or other materials which affect the resistivity or of semiconductors, such that the structure within the mirror comprises a plurality of sets, each having a thickness of {lambda}/2n where n is the index of refraction of each of the sets; each of the mirrors adjacent to spacers which are on either side of an optically active bulk or quantum well layer; and the spacers and the optically active layer are from one of the following material systems: In{sub z}(Al{sub y}Ga{sub 1{minus}y}){sub 1{minus}z}P, InAlGaAs, AlGaAs, InGaAs, or AlGaP/GaP, wherein the optically active region having a length equal to m {lambda}/2n{sub eff} where m is an integer and n{sub eff} is the effective index of refraction of the laser cavity, and the spacer layer and one of the mirrors being transmissive to radiation having a wavelength of {lambda}/n, typically within the green to red portion of the visible spectrum. 10 figs.

Bryan, R.P.; Olbright, G.R.; Lott, J.A.; Schneider, R.P. Jr.

1995-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

150

Section 23  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Temperature and Water Vapor Retrievals: Southern Great Plains Cloud and Radiation Testbed Seasonal Statistical Analysis, Monthly Climatic Means for Model Integration, and Future GOES/AERI Retrievals W. F. Feltz, W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, H. Woolf H. B. Howell and S. Ho Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin Introduction The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) (Revercomb et al. 1993) is providing radiances to routinely produce temperature and water vapor retrievals in the first three kilometers of the Earth's atmosphere at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP)

151

Satellite Data Assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction Models. Part II: Uses of Rain-Affected Radiances from Microwave Observations for Hurricane Vortex Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid variational scheme (HVAR) is developed to produce the vortex analysis associated with tropical storms. This scheme allows for direct assimilation of rain-affected radiances from satellite microwave instruments. In the HVAR, the ...

Fuzhong Weng; Tong Zhu; Banghua Yan

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Impact of Assimilating AMSU-A Radiances on Forecasts of 2008 Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Initialized with a Limited-Area Ensemble Kalman Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of assimilating radiance observations from the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU-A) on forecasts of several tropical cyclones (TCs) was studied using the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) and a limited-area ensemble ...

Zhiquan Liu; Craig S. Schwartz; Chris Snyder; So-Young Ha

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Intersatellite Radiance Biases for the High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounders (HIRS) on board NOAA-15, -16, and -17 from Simultaneous Nadir Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intersatellite radiance comparisons for the 19 infrared channels of the High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounders (HIRS) on board NOAA-15, -16, and -17 are performed with simultaneous nadir observations at the orbital intersections of the ...

Changyong Cao; Hui Xu; Jerry Sullivan; Larry McMillin; Pubu Ciren; Yu-Tai Hou

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Effects of the Choice of Meteorological Data on a Radiation Model Simulation of the NOAA Technique for Estimating Outgoing Longwave Radiation from Satellite Radiance Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The technique used by NOAA to estimate the outgoing longwave flux from 10 ?m window radiance observations has been reexamined because the data that result from the application of the empirically determined regression equation are systematically ...

Robert G. Ellingson; David J. Yanuk; Arnold Gruber

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Electrically driven nanopyramid green light emitting diode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electrically driven nanopyramid green light emitting diode(LED) was demonstrated. The nanopyramid arrays were fabricated from a GaN substrate by patterned nanopillar etch

S.-P. Chang; Y.-C. Chen; J.-K. Huang; Y.-J. Cheng; J.-R. Chang; K.-P. Sou; Y.-T. Kang; H.-C. Yang; T.-C. Hsu; H.-C. Kuo; C.-Y. Chang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Light emitting diode color rendition properties.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper discusses the color rendition capabilities of light emitting diodes (LEDs) and their relationship with the current standard for color rendition quality. The current… (more)

Hood, Sean

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

ARM - Field Campaign - ASSIST: Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsASSIST: Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared govCampaignsASSIST: Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral Technology Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : ASSIST: Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral Technology 2008.07.08 - 2008.07.18 Lead Scientist : Michael Howard For data sets, see below. Description Goals of assist were to intercompare radiance spectra and profile retrievals from a new AERI-like instrument, called "ASSIST" with the SGP site AERI(s) and calculations from Radiosondes measurements. * To bring the ASSIST instrument to the SGP ACRF and perform simultaneous measurements of the sky radiation with those from the AERI. * On relatively cloud-free days, release a special radiosonde at the

158

Atmospheric Precorrected Differential Absorption technique to retrieve columnar water vapor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differential absorption techniques are suitable to retrieve the total column water vapor contents from imaging spectroscopy data. A technique called Atmospheric Precorrected Differential Absorption (APDA) is derived directly from simplified radiative transfer equations. It combines a partial atmospheric correction with a differential absorption technique. The atmospheric path radiance term is iteratively corrected during the retrieval of water vapor. This improves the results especially over low background albedos. The error of the method for various ground reflectance spectra is below 7% for most of the spectra. The channel combinations for two test cases are then defined, using a quantitative procedure, which is based on MODTRAN simulations and the image itself. An error analysis indicates that the influence of aerosols and channel calibration is minimal. The APDA technique is then applied to two AVIRIS images acquired in 1991 and 1995. The accuracy of the measured water vapor columns is within a range of {+-}5% compared to ground truth radiosonde data.

Schlaepfer, D.; Itten, K.I. [Univ. of Zuerich (Switzerland). Dept. of Geography] [Univ. of Zuerich (Switzerland). Dept. of Geography; Borel, C.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Keller, J. [Paul Scherrer Inst., Villigen (Switzerland)] [Paul Scherrer Inst., Villigen (Switzerland)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Infrared Interferometric Measurements of the Near-Surface Air Temperature over the Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The radiometric measurement of the marine air temperature using a Fourier transform infrared spectroradiometer is described. The measurements are taken by the Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI) that has been deployed on ...

P. J. Minnett; K. A. Maillet; J. A. Hanafin; B. J. Osborne

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retrieving Aerosols from the Atmospheric Emitted Retrieving Aerosols from the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer: Can it be Done? L. Moy, H.E. Revercomb, and R.O. Knuteson Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) Madison, Wisconsin D.D. Turner and E. Kassianov Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer observes downwelling infrared radiance from 3-19 ÎĽm that may enable better retrievals of aerosol optical and physical properties. Theoretical study suggests that the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer's infrared aerosol signal is strong enough to overcome instrument noise constraints and uncertainties in the water vapor, especially in the 3-4 ÎĽm band where scattering dominates the observed signal during the daytime. Unlike other aerosol

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Observations of the Infrared Radiative Properties of the Ocean—Implications for the Measurement of Sea Surface Temperature via Satellite Remote Sensing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) was used to measure the infrared radiative properties and the temperature of the Gulf of Mexico during a 5-day oceanographic cruise in January 1995. The ocean skin temperature was measured ...

William L. Smith; R. O. Knuteson; H. E. Revercomb; W. Feltz; N. R. Nalli; H. B. Howell; W. P. Menzel; Otis Brown; James Brown; Peter Minnett; Walter McKeown

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Cloud Phase Determination Using Ground-Based AERI Observations at SHEBA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique for ascertaining the thermodynamic cloud phase from high-spectral-resolution ground-based infrared measurements made by the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) is presented. This technique takes advantage of the ...

D. D. Turner; S. A. Ackerman; B. A. Baum; H. E. Revercomb; P. Yang

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Green emitting phosphors and blends thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Phosphor compositions, blends thereof and light emitting devices including white light emitting LED based devices, and backlights, based on such phosphor compositions. The devices include a light source and a phosphor material as described. Also disclosed are phosphor blends including such a phosphor and devices made therefrom.

Setlur, Anant Achyut (Niskayuna, NY); Siclovan, Oltea Puica (Rexford, NY); Nammalwar, Prasanth Kumar (Bangalore, IN); Sathyanarayan, Ramesh Rao (Bangalore, IN); Porob, Digamber G. (Goa, IN); Chandran, Ramachandran Gopi (Bangalore, IN); Heward, William Jordan (Saratoga Springs, NY); Radkov, Emil Vergilov (Euclid, OH); Briel, Linda Jane Valyou (Niskayuna, NY)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

164

Light emitting device having peripheral emissive region  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Light emitting devices are provided that include one or more OLEDs disposed only on a peripheral region of the substrate. An OLED may be disposed only on a peripheral region of a substantially transparent substrate and configured to emit light into the substrate. Another surface of the substrate may be roughened or include other features to outcouple light from the substrate. The edges of the substrate may be beveled and/or reflective. The area of the OLED(s) may be relatively small compared to the substrate surface area through which light is emitted from the device. One or more OLEDs also or alternatively may be disposed on an edge of the substrate about perpendicular to the surface of the substrate through which light is emitted, such that they emit light into the substrate. A mode expanding region may be included between each such OLED and the substrate.

Forrest, Stephen R

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

165

The QME AERI LBLRTM: A Closure Experiment for Downwelling High Spectral Resolution Infrared Radiance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program has led to significant improvements in longwave radiative transfer modeling over the last decade. These improvements, which have generally come in ...

D. D. Turner; D. C. Tobin; S. A. Clough; P. D. Brown; R. G. Ellingson; E. J. Mlawer; R. O. Knuteson; H. E. Revercomb; T. R. Shippert; W. L. Smith; M. W. Shephard

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Assessment of the Quality of MODIS Cloud Products from Radiance Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations made by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), the Cloud–Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO), and CloudSat are synergistically used to ...

Seung-Hee Ham; Byung-Ju Sohn; Ping Yang; Bryan A. Baum

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Energy_Savings_Light_Emitting_Diodes_Niche_Lighting_Apps.pdf...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnergySavingsLightEmittingDiodesNicheLightingApps.pdf EnergySavingsLightEmittingDiodesNicheLightingApps.pdf EnergySavingsLightEmittingDiodesNicheLightingApps.p...

168

ZnSe light?emitting diodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the successful fabrication of ZnSe p?n junction light?emitting diodes in which Li and Cl are used as p?type and n?type dopants

J. Ren; K. A. Bowers; B. Sneed; D. L. Dreifus; J. W. Cook Jr.; J. F. Schetzina; R. M. Kolbas

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Resonant cavity light?emitting diode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel concept of a light?emitting diode(LED) is proposed and demonstrated in which the active region of the device is placed in a resonantoptical cavity. As a consequence

E. F. Schubert; Y.?H. Wang; A. Y. Cho; L.?W. Tu; G. J. Zydzik

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Progress in Organic Light emitting Diodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

90-3075 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Samuel Mao The development of organic light emitting diode (OLED) from its discovery in the Kodak Research Laboratories in the late 1970's...

171

Thermal pumping of light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The work presented here is a study of thermally enhanced injection in light-emitting diodes (LEDs). This effect, which we refer to as "thermal pumping", results from Peltier energy exchange from the lattice to charge ...

Gray, Dodd (Dodd J.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Photochemistry of Organic Light?Emitting Diodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optical properties and excited?state geometries of some organic light?emitting diodes have been investigated by the SAC?CI method. The absorption and emission spectra have been predicted in high accuracy and the chain?length dependence of transition energies has been precisely reproduced. The present study provides the useful basis for the theoretical design predicting the photo?physical properties of the organic light?emitting diodes.

Masahiro Ehara; Hiroshi Nakatsuji

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Modeling Population Exposures to Pollutants Emitted From Natural...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Population Exposures to Pollutants Emitted From Natural Gas Cooking Burners Title Modeling Population Exposures to Pollutants Emitted From Natural Gas Cooking Burners...

174

Emissions of CO/sub 2/ to the atmosphere due to U. S. A. fossil fuel consumption  

SciTech Connect

Analysis and projection of carbon dioxide emitted to the atmosphere are estimated based on the Brookhaven reference energy system. Some new results are given on carbon dioxide contribution to the atmosphere from US fossil fuel consumption by different sectors including residential, commercial, industrial and transportation. The total weight of carbon as carbon dioxide emitted to the atmosphere and the additional CO/sub 2/ concentration over background by different subsectors in the years 1977, 1980, 1985, 1990, 2000 and 2020 are presented.

Dang, V.D.; Steinberg, M.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Future Changes in Biogenic Isoprene Emissions: How Might They Affect Regional and Global Atmospheric Chemistry?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Isoprene is emitted from vegetation to the atmosphere in significant quantities, and it plays an important role in the reactions that control tropospheric oxidant concentrations. As future climatic and land-cover changes occur, the spatial and ...

Christine Wiedinmyer; Xuexi Tie; Alex Guenther; Ron Neilson; Claire Granier

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Toward Optimal Closure of the Earth's Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite recent improvements in satellite instrument calibration and the algorithms used to determine reflected solar (SW) and emitted thermal (LW) top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiative fluxes, a sizeable imbalance persists in the average global net ...

Norman G. Loeb; Bruce A. Wielicki; David R. Doelling; G. Louis Smith; Dennis F. Keyes; Seiji Kato; Natividad Manalo-Smith; Takmeng Wong

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

An Update on Radiative Transfer Model Development at Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Update on Radiative Transfer Model Development at Update on Radiative Transfer Model Development at Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. J. S. Delamere, S. A. Clough, E. J. Mlawer, Sid-Ahmed Boukabara, K. Cady-Pereira, and M. Shepard Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Lexington, Maine Introduction Over the last decade, a suite of radiative transfer models has been developed at Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER) with support from the Atmospheric and Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. These models span the full spectral regime from the microwave to the ultraviolet, and range from monochromatic to band calculations. Each model combines the latest spectroscopic advancements with radiative transfer algorithms to efficiently compute radiances, fluxes, and cooling

178

Side-emitting fiber optic position sensor  

SciTech Connect

A side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor. In one embodiment, a concentrated beam of light source illuminates the side of a side-emitting fiber optic at an unknown axial position along the fiber's length. Some of this side-illuminated light is in-scattered into the fiber and captured. As the captured light is guided down the fiber, its intensity decreases due to loss from side-emission away from the fiber and from bulk absorption within the fiber. By measuring the intensity of light emitted from one (or both) ends of the fiber with a photodetector(s), the axial position of the light source is determined by comparing the photodetector's signal to a calibrated response curve, look-up table, or by using a mathematical model. Alternatively, the side-emitting fiber is illuminated at one end, while a photodetector measures the intensity of light emitted from the side of the fiber, at an unknown position. As the photodetector moves further away from the illuminated end, the detector's signal strength decreases due to loss from side-emission and/or bulk absorption. As before, the detector's signal is correlated to a unique position along the fiber.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

179

Visible light surface emitting semiconductor laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser is disclosed comprising a laser cavity sandwiched between two distributed Bragg reflectors. The laser cavity comprises a pair of spacer layers surrounding one or more active, optically emitting quantum-well layers having a bandgap in the visible which serve as the active optically emitting material of the device. The thickness of the laser cavity is m .lambda./2n.sub.eff where m is an integer, .lambda. is the free-space wavelength of the laser radiation and n.sub.eff is the effective index of refraction of the cavity. Electrical pumping of the laser is achieved by heavily doping the bottom mirror and substrate to one conductivity-type and heavily doping regions of the upper mirror with the opposite conductivity type to form a diode structure and applying a suitable voltage to the diode structure. Specific embodiments of the invention for generating red, green, and blue radiation are described.

Olbright, Gregory R. (Boulder, CO); Jewell, Jack L. (Bridgewater, NJ)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

An intercomparison of models used to simulate the short-range atmospheric dispersion of agricultural ammonia emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ammonia emitted into the atmosphere from agricultural sources can have an impact on nearby sensitive ecosystems, either through elevated ambient concentrations or dry/wet deposition to vegetation and soil surfaces. Short-range atmospheric dispersion ... Keywords: Agriculture, Ammonia, Atmospheric dispersion model, Evaluation, Validation

Mark R. Theobald; Per LřFstrřM; John Walker; Helle V. Andersen; Poul Pedersen; Antonio Vallejo; Mark A. Sutton

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Technical Sessions Principal Investigator: S. A. Clough Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Principal Investigator: S. A. Clough Principal Investigator: S. A. Clough Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Cambridge, MA 02139 Introduction The availability of a rapid highly accurate multiple scattering radiative transfer model is essential to meet the objectives of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The model must be capable of computing radiance at spectral intervals consistent with the monochromatic spectral variation of the atmospheric molecular absorption. The resolution of the spectrometers to be deployed at the ARM sites, 0.1 cm-1 and less, will provide an important assessment of our capability to perform radiative transfer calculations in the multiply scattered environment. A second important application forthe high-accuracy high-resolution model is to provide parameterizations and validations for

182

Science Plan for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Plan is to articulate the scientific issues driving the ARM Program, and to relate them to DOE`s programmatic objectives for ARM, based on the experience and scientific progress gained over the past five years. ARM programmatic objectives are to: (1) Relate observed radiative fluxes and radiances in the atmosphere, spectrally resolved and as a function of position and time, to the temperature and composition of the atmosphere, specifically including water vapor and clouds, and to surface properties, and sample sufficient variety of situations so as to span a wide range of climatologically relevant possibilities; (2) develop and test parameterizations that can be used to accurately predict the radiative properties and to model the radiative interactions involving water vapor and clouds within the atmosphere, with the objective of incorporating these parameterizations into general circulation models. The primary observational methods remote sending and other observations at the surface, particularly remote sensing of clouds, water vapor and aerosols.

NONE

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Highly Efficient Silicon Light Emitting Diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe the fabrication, using standard silicon processing techniques, of silicon light-emitting diodes (LED) that efficiently emit photons with energy around the silicon bandgap. The improved efficiency had been explained by the spatial confinement of charge carriers due to a local strain field that is formed by dislocation loop arrays. The dependence of device electroluminescent properties on the annealing conditions is carefully examined as a high temperature process has profound influence on these dislocations. Increased luminescent intensity at higher device temperature, together with pure diffusion current conduction mechanism evidently shows the influence of the dislocation loops. The electrical properties of the diode are reasonable with low leakage reverse current.

Leminh Holleman Wallinga; P. Leminh; J. Holleman; H. Wallinga

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Water Cooling of High Power Light Emitting Diode Henrik Srensen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Cooling of High Power Light Emitting Diode Henrik Sørensen Department of Energy Technology and product lifetime. The high power Light Emitting Diodes (LED) belongs to the group of electronics

Sørensen, Henrik

185

Energy Department Assisting Launch of Low Greenhouse Gas-Emitting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assisting Launch of Low Greenhouse Gas-Emitting Jet Fuels Energy Department Assisting Launch of Low Greenhouse Gas-Emitting Jet Fuels November 20, 2013 - 8:54am Addthis USAF photo...

186

Light Emitting Diode (LED) Lighting and Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the most promising and unique energy efficient light source light emitting diode (LED) lighting. Business and technical market factors (Chapter 2) explain the upcoming growth of the LED and LED lighting market. Future technical improvements to LEDs and systems are also emphasized. Discussion of the importance of utility involvement in helping their customers make the switch from traditional lighting to LED lighting is provided. LED lighting technologies are covered in...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

187

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) TRAFFIC SIGNAL SURVEY RESULTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) TRAFFIC SIGNAL SURVEY RESULTS STAFFREPORT: Assistance needs 26 Item 12: Information requested 28 Appendix A: Light Emitting Diode (LED) Traffic Signal efficiency upgrades. - 29 - #12;APPENDIX A - 30 - #12;California Energy Commission Light Emitting Diode (LED

188

SciTech Connect: "light emitting diodes"  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

light emitting diodes" Find light emitting diodes" Find How should I search Scitech Connect ... Basic or Advanced? Basic Search Advanced Ă— Advanced Search Options Full Text: Bibliographic Data: Creator / Author: Name Name ORCID Title: Subject: Identifier Numbers: Research Org.: Sponsoring Org.: Site: All Alaska Power Administration, Juneau, Alaska (United States) Albany Research Center (ARC), Albany, OR (United States) Albuquerque Complex - NNSA Albuquerque Operations Office, Albuquerque, NM (United States) Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium, Amarillo, TX (United States) Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States) Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States) Argonne National Laboratory-Advanced Photon Source (United States) Atlanta Regional Office, Atlanta, GA (United States) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM)

189

Section 22  

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Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Status Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Status and Quality Measurement Experiment Results R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, H. E. Revercomb and B. A. Whitney Space Science and Engineering Center University of Wisconsin - Madison Madison, Wisconsin Instrument Status The atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) central facility instrument at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site has been operational since July 1995. This instrument, identified by the serial number AERI-01, is the first of a series of operational instruments designed and built at the University of Wisconsin Space Science and Engineering Center for the Department of Energy (DOE) ARM program under contract to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The AERI-01

190

The Gastropod Fast Radiative Transfer Model for Advanced Infrared Sounders and Characterization of Its Errors for Radiance Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Principal aspects of the development of Gastropod, a fixed-pressure-grid fast radiative transfer model for the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), are described. Performance of the forward and gradient operators is characterized, and the impact ...

V. Sherlock; A. Collard; S. Hannon; R. Saunders

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Spectral UV Measurements of Global Irradiance, Solar Radiance, and Actinic Flux in New Zealand: Intercomparison between Instruments and Model Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presented here are the results of a short but intense measurement campaign at Lauder, New Zealand, in which spectral irradiance from instruments operated by the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) and Austria/Innsbruck (...

Mario Blumthaler; Barbara Schallhart; Michael Schwarzmann; Richard McKenzie; Paul Johnston; Michael Kotkamp; Hisako Shiona

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The Particle Adventure | What holds it together? | Quarks emit gluons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

holds it together? > Quarks emit gluons holds it together? > Quarks emit gluons Quarks emit gluons Color charge is always conserved. When a quark emits or absorbs a gluon, that quark's color must change in order to conserve color charge. For example, suppose a red quark changes into a blue quark and emits a red/antiblue gluon (the image below illustrates antiblue as yellow). The net color is still red. This is because - after the emission of the gluon - the blue color of the quark cancels with the antiblue color of the gluon. The remaining color then is the red color of the gluon. Quarks emit and absorb gluons very frequently within a hadron, so there is no way to observe the color of an individual quark. Within a hadron, though, the color of the two quarks exchanging a gluon will change in a way that keeps the bound system in a color-neutral state.

193

Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) for General Illumiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LIGHT LIGHT EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) FOR GENERAL ILLUMINATION AN OIDA TECHNOLOGY ROADMAP An OIDA Report March 2001 Co-Sponsored by DOE/BTS and OIDA Compiled by Eric D. Jones Sandia National Laboratories OIDA Member Use Only OIDA OPTOELECTRONICS INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION 1133 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 600 Washington, DC 20036 Ph: (202) 785-4426 Fax: (202) 785-4428 Web: http://www.OIDA.org © 2001 OIDA Optoelectronics Industry Development Association All data contained in this report is proprietary to OIDA and may not be distributed in either original or reproduced form to anyone outside the client's internal organization within five years of the report date without prior written permission of the Optoelectronics Industry Development Association. Published by: Optoelectronics Industry Development Association

194

The Josephson light-emitting diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider an optical quantum dot where an electron level and a hole level are coupled to respective superconducting leads. We find that electrons and holes recombine producing photons at discrete energies as well as a continuous tail. Further, the spectral lines directly probe the induced superconducting correlations on the dot. At energies close to the applied bias voltage eV, a parameter range exists, where radiation proceeds in pairwise emission of polarization correlated photons. At energies close to 2eV, emitted photons are associated with Cooper pair transfer and are reminiscent of Josephson radiation. We discuss how to probe the coherence of these photons in a SQUID geometry via single photon interference.

Patrik Recher; Yuli V. Nazarov; Leo P. Kouwenhoven

2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

195

Progress on Production of Alpha-emitting Radioisotopes for Cancer...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Progress on Production of Alpha-emitting Radioisotopes for Cancer Therapy Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Funding...

196

Electron traps in organic light-emitting diodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents the effects of electron traps in organic light-emitting diodes using a model which includes charge injection

Min-Jan Tsai; Hsin-Fei Meng

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Junction temperature measurement of light emitting diode by electroluminescence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Junction temperature (JT) is a key parameter of the performance and lifetime of light emitting diodes(LEDs). In this paper

S. M. He; X. D. Luo; B. Zhang; L. Fu; L. W. Cheng; J. B. Wang; W. Lu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Resonant energy transfer in light harvesting and light emitting applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The performance of light emitting and light harvesting devices is improved by utilising resonant energy transfer. In lighting applications, the emission energy of a semiconductor… (more)

Chanyawadee, Soontorn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Enhanced Light Extraction from Organic Light Emitting Diodes  

Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a soft lithography microlens fabrication and array that enables more efficient organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), improving their commercial viability.

200

Si Heterostructures for Pure UV Light Emitting Diode with Carrier ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Development of ZnO/MgO/p+-Si Heterostructures for Pure UV Light Emitting Diode with Carrier Blocking Layer. Author(s), Byung Oh Jung, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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201

Improved Performance of a Fluorescent Blue Organic Light Emitting ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Improved Performance of a Fluorescent Blue Organic Light Emitting Diode with Hole Blocking Materials as Dopants for Transport Layers.

202

Save Energy, Money and Prevent Pollution with Light-Emitting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Save Energy, Money and Prevent Pollution with Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Exit Signs Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and...

203

High power flip-chip light emitting diode.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??xiv, 74 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm HKUST Call Number: Thesis ELEC 2004 Lai Recently, Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are widely used in… (more)

Lai, Yin Hing

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Analysis of surface plasmon mediated light emitting diode efficiency enhancement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The extraction of light from current light emitting diodes (LEDs) is very low due to the large index of refraction mismatch between the semiconductor… (more)

Holmstedt, Jason

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Energy Department Assisting Launch of Low Greenhouse Gas-Emitting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 2013 Energy Department Assisting Launch of Low Greenhouse Gas-Emitting Jet Fuels Wellbore Cement: Research That Begins Where the Sidewalk Ends USAF photo by Senior Airman...

206

Quantum Efficiency of Micron Scaled Organic Light Emitting Diodes ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2004 ... Quantum Efficiency of Micron Scaled Organic Light Emitting Diodes Using Atomic Force Electroluminescence Microscopy by L.S.C. Pingree ...

207

White light emitting diode as liquid crystal display backlight; High brightness light emitting diode as liquid crystal display backlight.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The discovery of high brightness (white) light emitting diode (LED) is considered as a real threat to the current lighting industry in various applications. One… (more)

Soon, Chian Myau

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

X:\ARM_19~1\P245-258.WPD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Status and the Aerosol Explanation for Extra Window Region Emissions H. E. Revercomb, R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, T. P. Dirkx, R. G. Dedecker, R. Garcia, B. A. Whitney, and W. L. Smith University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin H. B. Howell NOAA Systems Design and Applications Branch Boulder, Colorado Introduction High spectral resolution observations of downwelling emission from 3 to l9 microns have been made by the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Prototype at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiative Testbed (CART) site for over two years. The spectral data set from AERI provides a basis for improving clear sky radiative transfer; determining the radiative impact of clouds, including the derivation of cloud

209

Radiance Temperature Calibrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Argon Supply and Alarm 55 "C Chilled Water/Cold Water Switch Digital Voltmeter Gold-filled Crucible Heat Pipe Furnace Personal Computer ...

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

210

The Boulder Atmospheric Observatory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Boulder Atmospheric Observatory (BAO) is a unique research facility for studying the planetary boundary layer and for testing and calibrating atmospheric sensors. The facility includes a 300 m tower instrumented with fast- and slow-response ...

J. C. Kaimal; J. E. Gaynor

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Observatory (UAO) Pilot Experiment at NYC" - Michael Reynolds, BNL 17:30 "EML Pilot Studies for the Urban Atmospheric Observatory" - Hsi-Na (Sam) Lee, EML 17:40 "A...

212

Efficiency enhancement of microcavity organic light emitting diodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report microcavity efficiency enhancement of organic electroluminescent devices based on the hole transporter bis(triphenyl) diamine and the electron transporter and light emitter tris(8?hydroxyquinoline) aluminum.Microcavityorganic light emitting diodes are described that emit four times the light measured in the forward direction (spectrally integrated)

R. H. Jordan; A. Dodabalapur; R. E. Slusher

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Nanofabrication of gallium nitride photonic crystal light-emitting diodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a comparison of nanofabrication technologies for the fabrication of 2D photonic crystal structures on GaN/InGaN blue LEDs. Such devices exhibit enhanced brightness and the possibility of controlling the angular emission profile of emitted ... Keywords: GaN dry-etching, Light-emitting diodes, Nanolithography, Photonic crystals

Ali Z. Khokhar; Keith Parsons; Graham Hubbard; Faiz Rahman; Douglas S. Macintyre; Chang Xiong; David Massoubre; Zheng Gong; Nigel P. Johnson; Richard M. De La Rue; Ian M. Watson; Erdan Gu; Martin D. Dawson; Steve J. Abbott; Martin D. B. Charlton; Martin Tillin

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

TRICOLOR LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DOT MATRIX DISPLAY SYSTEM WITHAUDIO OUTPUT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TRICOLOR LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DOT MATRIX DISPLAY SYSTEM WITHAUDIO OUTPUT Grantham Pang, Chi emitting diodes; tricolor display; audio communication. I. Introduction This paper relates to a tricolor broadcasting through the visible light rays transmitted by the display panel or assembly. Keywords: light

Pang, Grantham

215

Efficient semiconductor light-emitting device and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A semiconductor light-emitting device and method. The semiconductor light-emitting device is provided with at least one control layer or control region which includes an annular oxidized portion thereof to channel an injection current into the active region, and to provide a lateral refractive index profile for index guiding the light generated within the device. A periodic composition grading of at least one of the mirror stacks in the device provides a reduced operating voltage of the device. The semiconductor light-emitting device has a high efficiency for light generation, and may be formed either as a resonant-cavity light-emitting diode (RCLED) or as a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL).

Choquette, Kent D. (Albuquerque, NM); Lear, Kevin L. (Albuquerque, NM); Schneider, Jr., Richard P. (Albuquerque, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Efficient semiconductor light-emitting device and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A semiconductor light-emitting device and method are disclosed. The semiconductor light-emitting device is provided with at least one control layer or control region which includes an annular oxidized portion thereof to channel an injection current into the active region, and to provide a lateral refractive index profile for index guiding the light generated within the device. A periodic composition grading of at least one of the mirror stacks in the device provides a reduced operating voltage of the device. The semiconductor light-emitting device has a high efficiency for light generation, and may be formed either as a resonant-cavity light-emitting diode (RCLED) or as a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL). 12 figs.

Choquette, K.D.; Lear, K.L.; Schneider, R.P. Jr.

1996-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

217

Power saving regulated light emitting diode circuit  

SciTech Connect

A power saving regulated light source circuit, comprising a light emitting diode (LED), a direct current source and a switching transistor connected in series with the LED, a control voltage producing resistor connected in series with the LED to produce a control voltage corresponding to the current through the LED, a storage capacitor connected in parallel with the series combination of the LED and the resistor, a comparator having its output connected to the input of the transistor, the comparator having a reference input and a control input, a stabilized biasing source for supplying a stabilized reference voltage to the reference input, the control input of the comparator being connected to the control voltage producing resistor, the comparator having a high output state when the reference voltage exceeds the control voltage while having a low output state when the control voltage exceeds the reference voltage, the transistor being conductive in response to the high state while being nonconductive in response to the low state, the transistor when conductive being effective to charge the capacitor and to increase the control voltage, whereby the comparator is cycled between the high and low output states while the transistor is cycled between conductive and nonconductive states.

Haville, G. D.

1985-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

218

Very narrow band model calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates  

SciTech Connect

A new very narrow band model (VNBM) approach has been developed and incorporated into the MODTRAN atmospheric transmittance-radiance code. The VNBM includes a computational spectral resolution of 1 cm{sup {minus}1}, a single-line Voigt equivalent width formalism that is based on the Rodgers-Williams approximation and accounts for the finite spectral width of the interval, explicit consideration of line tails, a statistical line overlap correction, a new sublayer integration approach that treats the effect of the sublayer temperature gradient on the path radiance, and the Curtis-Godson (CG) approximation for inhomogeneous paths. A modified procedure for determining the line density parameter 1/d is introduced, which reduces its magnitude. This results in a partial correction of the VNBM tendency to overestimate the interval equivalent widths. The standard two parameter CG approximation is used for H{sub 2}O and CO{sub 2}, while the Goody three parameter CG approximation is used for O{sub 3}. Atmospheric flux and cooling rate predictions using a research version of MODTRAN, MODR, are presented for H{sub 2}O (with and without the continuum), CO{sub 2}, and O{sub 3} for several model atmospheres. The effect of doubling the CO{sub 2} concentration is also considered. These calculations are compared to line-by-line (LBL) model calculations using the AER, GLA, GFDL, and GISS codes. The MODR predictions fall within the spread of the LBL results. The effects of decreasing the band model spectral resolution are illustrated using CO{sub 2} cooling rate and flux calculations. 36 refs., 18 figs., 1 tab.

Bernstein, L.S.; Berk, A.; Acharya, P.K.; Robertson, D.C. [Spectral Sciences, Inc., Burlington, MA (United States)] [and others] [Spectral Sciences, Inc., Burlington, MA (United States); and others

1996-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Growths of staggered InGaN quantum wells light-emitting diodes emitting at 520525 nm employing graded growth-temperature profile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growths of staggered InGaN quantum wells light-emitting diodes emitting at 520­525 nm employing current spreading and light extraction in GaN-based light emitting diodes Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 061107 (2012) Electrically driven nanopyramid green light emitting diode Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 061106 (2012

Gilchrist, James F.

220

Colorado State University Center for Geosciences/Atmospheric Research (CG/AR)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the MODTRAN v4.2 radiance and transmittance model. The results consisted of 10-micron optical depths, which

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 ARM 2003 Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement WARNING! WARNING! Today is April 1 But that has NO bearing on this message Today is April 1 But that has NO bearing on this message ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Two Topics Two Topics * Status of ARM (quick overview) * Science plan - ARM in the next 5 years * Status of ARM (quick overview) * Science plan - ARM in the next 5 years ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement ARM Status - Science ARM Status - Science * Steadily increasing productivity - Poster session - over 220 posters (may need to do something about submissions next year) - Peer-reviewed articles: 2.5 to 3 per year per

222

Policy for Permitting Low-Emitting Sources (West Virginia) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policy for Permitting Low-Emitting Sources (West Virginia) Policy for Permitting Low-Emitting Sources (West Virginia) Policy for Permitting Low-Emitting Sources (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting While this policy alleviates some requirements on low-emitting emission sources, it does not change the policy of requiring applicants to submit reasonable information concerning all potential emission sources.

223

ZnO-graphene Hybrid Quantum Dots Light Emitting Diode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, ZnO-graphene Hybrid Quantum Dots Light Emitting Diode. Author(s), Won Kook Choi, Dong-Ick Son, Soon-Nam Kwon. On-Site Speaker ...

224

Zinc Oxide and Nitride Nanowire Based Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lumens/W, the LED beats the incandescent bulb and is on thefor an LED as opposed to an incandescent light bulb as shownbulb, fluorescent lamp, and blue light emitting diode. (24) (25) 2.2 LED

Lai, Elaine Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Highly efficient blue polyfluorene-based polymer light-emitting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Physics Volume 42 Pagination 5 Abstract A highly efficient blue polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-di(2-(2-(2-methoxy-ethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl)fluorenyl-2,7-diyl)...

226

White light emitting diode as liquid crystal display backlight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of high brightness (white) light emitting diode (LED) is considered as a real threat to the current lighting industry in various applications. One of the most promising sectors would be using white LED to ...

Soon, Chian Myau

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

White organic light-emitting diodes: Status and perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are ultrathin, large-area light sources made from organic semiconductor materials. Over the past decades, much research has been spent on finding suitable materials to realize ...

Reineke, Sebastian

228

Embracing Complexity: Deciphering Origins and Transformations of Atmospheric Organics through Speciated Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oxidation processes. Organic compounds are emitted to the atmosphere from a variety of natural and man temporal resolution are necessary to adequately observe variations in chemical composition caused analytical tools. Current gas and particle-phase instrumentation has focused on measuring organic compounds

Silver, Whendee

229

Battery cell configuration for organic light emitting diode display in modern smartphones and tablet-PCs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Battery cell configuration for organic light emitting diode display in modern smartphones- spite of power efficiency of organic light emitting diode (OLED) display nature, the integrated display

Pedram, Massoud

230

Functional Imprinting Structures on GaN-Based Light-Emitting ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: GaN, light-emitting diode (LED), imprinting technology, far-field pattern modulation, light extraction. 1. Introduction. GaN-based light-emitting diodes ...

231

High power light emitting diode based setup for photobleaching fluorescent impurities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High power light emitting diode based setup for photobleaching fluorescent impurities Tobias K be photobleached before final sample preparation. The instrument consists of high power light emitting diodes

Kaufman, Laura

232

Effective hole-injection layer for non-doped inverted top-emitting organic light-emitting devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Non-doped inverted top-emitting organic light-emitting diode with high efficiency is demonstrated through employing an effective hole-injection layer composed of MoO"x. One reason for high efficiency lies on the energy-level matching between MoO"x and ... Keywords: 78.60.Fi, 82.45.Mp, 85.60.Jb, Hole-injection, ITEOLEDs, MoOx

Yanlong Meng; Wenfa Xie; Ning Zhang; Shufen Chen; Jiang Li; Wei Hu; Yi Zhao; Jingying Hou; Shiyong Liu

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Aerosols in a Changing Atmosphere: From Detailed Aerosol Microphysics to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerosols in a Changing Atmosphere: From Detailed Aerosol Microphysics to Aerosols in a Changing Atmosphere: From Detailed Aerosol Microphysics to Policy Applications Speaker(s): Susanne Bauer Date: December 6, 2011 - 4:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Surabi Menon The anthropogenic increase in aerosol concentrations since preindustrial times and its net cooling effect on the atmosphere is thought to mask some of the greenhouse gas induced warming. Although the overall effect of aerosols on solar radiation and clouds is most certainly negative, some individual forcing agents and feedbacks have positive forcing effects. Recent studies have tried to identify some of those positive forcing agents and their individual emission sectors, However, understanding the net effect of multi-source emitting sectors and the involved cloud feedbacks is

234

Optical Simulation of Top-emitting Organic Light Emitting Diodes H. J. Peng, C.F. Qiu, Z. L. Xie, H. Y. Chen, M. Wong and H. S. Kwok  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8.3.3-89 Optical Simulation of Top-emitting Organic Light Emitting Diodes H. J. Peng, C.F. Qiu, Z the optical effects for the top-emitting organic light emitting diodes. The optical performance of the devices with experiments Keywords: Top-emitting organic light emitting diode, optical modeling, microcavity INTRODUCTION

Kwok, Hoi S.

235

GaN light-emitting diodes with Archimedean lattice photonic crystals Aurlien David,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GaN light-emitting diodes with Archimedean lattice photonic crystals Aurélien David,a Tetsuo Fujii 2005; published online 16 February 2006 We study GaN-based light emitting diodes incorporating light- emitting diodes LEDs , as they could extract the emitted light otherwise trapped inside

Recanati, Catherine

236

Initial Assessment of the Spectrometer for Sky-Scanning, Sun-Tracking Atmospheric Research (4STAR)-Based Aerosol Retrieval: Sensitivity Study  

SciTech Connect

The Spectrometer for Sky-Scanning, Sun-Tracking Atmospheric Research (4STAR) being developed for airborne measurements will offer retrievals of aerosol microphysical and optical properties from multi-angular and multi-spectral measurements of sky radiance and direct-beam sun transmittance. In this study, we assess the expected accuracy of the 4STAR-based aerosol retrieval and its sensitivity to major sources of anticipated perturbations in the 4STAR measurements by adapting a theoretical approach previously developed for the AERONET measurements. The major anticipated perturbations are (1) an apparent enhancement of sky radiance at small scattering angles associated with the necessarily compact design of the 4STAR and (2) and an offset (i.e. uncertainty) of sky radiance calibration independent of scattering angle. The assessment is performed through application of the operational AERONET aerosol retrieval and constructed synthetic 4STAR-like data. Particular attention is given to the impact of these perturbations on the upwelling and downwelling broadband fluxes and the direct aerosol radiative forcing at the bottom and top of the atmosphere. The results from this study suggest that limitations in the accuracy of 4STAR-retrieved particle size distributions and scattering phase functions have diminished impact on the accuracy of retrieved bulk microphysical parameters, permitting quite accurate retrievals of properties including the effective radius (up to 10%, or 0.03), and the radiatively important optical properties, such as the asymmetry factor (up to 4%, or ±0.02) and single-scattering albedo (up to 6%, or ±0.04). Also, the obtained results indicate that the uncertainties in the retrieved aerosol optical properties are quite small in the context of the calculated fluxes and direct aerosol radiative forcing (up to 15%, or 3 Wm-2).

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Flynn, Connor J.; Redemann, Jens; Schmid, Beat; Russell, P. B.; Sinyuk, Alexander

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

237

Oxycarbonitride phosphors and light emitting devices using the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a novel family of oxycarbidonitride phosphor compositions and light emitting devices incorporating the same. Within the sextant system of M--Al--Si--O--N--C--Ln and quintuplet system of M--Si--O--N--C--Ln (M=alkaline earth element, Ln=rare earth element), the phosphors are composed of either one single crystalline phase or two crystalline phases with high chemical and thermal stability. In certain embodiments, the disclosed phosphor of silicon oxycarbidonitrides emits green light at wavelength between 530-550 nm. In further embodiments, the disclosed phosphor compositions emit blue-green to yellow light in a wavelength range of 450-650 nm under near-UV and blue light excitation.

Li, Yuanqiang; Romanelli, Michael Dennis; Tian, Yongchi

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

238

Close-packed array of light emitting devices  

SciTech Connect

A close-packed array of light emitting diodes includes a nonconductive substrate having a plurality of elongate channels extending therethrough from a first side to a second side, where each of the elongate channels in at least a portion of the substrate includes a conductive rod therein. The conductive rods have a density over the substrate of at least about 1,000 rods per square centimeter and include first conductive rods and second conductive rods. The close-packed array further includes a plurality of light emitting diodes on the first side of the substrate, where each light emitting diode is in physical contact with at least one first conductive rod and in electrical contact with at least one second conductive rod.

Ivanov, Ilia N.; Simpson, John T.

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

239

Simulation of Atmospheric Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spectral atmospheric circulation model is time-integrated for approximately 18 years. The model has a global computational domain and realistic geography and topography. The model undergoes an annual cycle as daily values of seasonally varying ...

Syukuro Manabe; Douglas G. Hahn

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Atmospheric Laser Communication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric laser communication, often referred to as free-space optics (FSO) or free-space laser (FSL) communication, is similar to fiber optic cable in terms of carrier wavelength and bandwidth capability, but data are transmitted directly ...

Kenneth W. Fischer*Michael R. Witiw; Jeffrey A. Baars+; T. R. Oke

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

Atmospheric Available Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The total potential energy of the atmosphere is the sum of its internal and gravitational energies. The portion of this total energy available to be converted into kinetic energy is determined relative to an isothermal, hydrostatic, equilibrium ...

Peter R. Bannon

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Atmospheric optical calibration system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An atmospheric optical calibration system is provided to compare actual atmospheric optical conditions to standard atmospheric optical conditions on the basis of aerosol optical depth, relative air mass, and diffuse horizontal skylight to global horizontal photon flux ratio. An indicator can show the extent to which the actual conditions vary from standard conditions. Aerosol scattering and absorption properties, diffuse horizontal skylight to global horizontal photon flux ratio, and precipitable water vapor determined on a real-time basis for optical and pressure measurements are also used to generate a computer spectral model and for correcting actual performance response of a photovoltaic device to standard atmospheric optical condition response on a real-time basis as the device is being tested in actual outdoor conditions.

Hulstrom, Roland L. (Bloomfield, CO); Cannon, Theodore W. (Golden, CO)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Atmospheric optical calibration system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An atmospheric optical calibration system is provided to compare actual atmospheric optical conditions to standard atmospheric optical conditions on the basis of aerosol optical depth, relative air mass, and diffuse horizontal skylight to global horizontal photon flux ratio. An indicator can show the extent to which the actual conditions vary from standard conditions. Aerosol scattering and absorption properties, diffuse horizontal skylight to global horizontal photon flux ratio, and precipitable water vapor determined on a real-time basis for optical and pressure measurements are also used to generate a computer spectral model and for correcting actual performance response of a photovoltaic device to standard atmospheric optical condition response on a real-time basis as the device is being tested in actual outdoor conditions. 7 figs.

Hulstrom, R.L.; Cannon, T.W.

1988-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

244

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evidence for Aerosol Effects on AERI Clear-Sky Radiance at the SGP Evidence for Aerosol Effects on AERI Clear-Sky Radiance at the SGP Ma, Y., and Ellingson, R.G., University of Maryland Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Line-by-Line Radiative Transfer Model (LBLRTM) Quality Measurement Experiment (QME) 10-micron window residuals have been examined relative to the Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) 0.87-micron optical depth for clear-sky periods during 1997-98. The analysis shows an increasing aerosol influence on the downwelling radiance with aerosol optical depth for columnar water totals below about 3 cm. Above 3 cm, the residuals become negatively correlated with both aerosol optical depth and precipitable water. This change in the characteristics suggests that the current LBLRTM

245

turner-98.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Long-Term Analyses of Observed and Line-by-Line Calculations of Longwave Surface Spectral Radiance and the Effect of Scaling the Water Vapor Profile D. D. Turner and T. R. Shippert Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington P. D. Brown and S. A. Clough Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Cambridge, Massachusetts R. O. Knuteson and H. E. Revercomb University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin W. L. Smith NASA-Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Abstract A Quality Measurement Experiment (QME) comparing longwave radiance at the surface observed by the atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) instru- ment with calculated radiance from the line-by-line radiative transfer model (LBLRTM) has generated almost 4 years of data and statistics. These statistics have been used to assess

246

Atmospheric pre-corrected differential absorption techniques to retrieve columnar water vapor: Application to AVIRIS 91/95 data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water vapor is one of the main forces for weather development as well as for mesoscale air transport processes. The monitoring of water vapor is therefore an important aim in remote sensing of the atmosphere. Current operational systems for water vapor detection use primarily the emission in the thermal infrared (AVHRR, GOES, ATSR, Meteosat) or in the microwave radiation bands (DMSP). The disadvantage of current satellite systems is either a coarse spatial (horizontal) resolution ranging from one to tens of kilometers or a limited insight into the lower atmosphere. Imaging spectrometry on the other hand measures total column water vapor contents at a high spatial horizontal resolution and has therefore the potential of filling these gaps. The sensors of the AVIRIS instrument are capable of acquiring hyperspectral data in 224 bands located in the visible and near infrared at 10 run resolution. This data includes information on constituents of the earth`s surface as well as of the atmosphere. The optical measurement of water vapor can be performed using sensor channels located in bands or lines of the absorption spectrum. The AVIRIS sensor has been used to retrieve water vapor and with less accuracy carbon dioxide, oxygen and ozone. To retrieve the water vapor amount, the so called differential absorption technique has been applied. The goal of this technique is to eliminate background factors by taking a ratio between channels within the absorption band and others besides the band. Various rationing methods on the basis of different channels and calculation techniques were developed. The influence of a trace gas of interest on the radiance at the sensor level is usually simulated by using radiative transfer codes. In this study, spectral transmittance and radiance are calculated by MODTRAN3 simulations with the new DISORT option. This work testS the best performing differential absorption techniques for imaging spectrometry of tropospheric water vapor.

Schlaepfer, D. [Univ. of Zuerich (Switzerland). Dept. of Geography; Borel, C.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Keller, J. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland)] [and others

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Section 18  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Temperature and Water Vapor Retrievals: Improvements Using an Integrated Profile Retrieval Approach W. Feltz, W. L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, and B. Howell University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin Introduction A major focus of the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) is to best characterize the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere using a suite of in situ and remote sensing instrumentation. The goal is to take advantage of each property measured by the instruments to provide a clear picture of atmospheric state. An Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) has now been operating nearly continuously since December 1993, obtaining high-resolution infrared atmospheric spectra.

248

Theory, electro-optical design, testing, and calibration of a prototype atmospheric supersaturation, humidity, and temperature sensor. Final report Mar 81-Jul 82  

SciTech Connect

A new infrared differential absorption - passive thermal emission based instrument designed to make accurate in-cloud measurements of absolute humidity, air temperature, relative humidity, and ice and water supersaturations has been developed. Absolute humidity is measured by the differential infrared absorption of a broad-band light beam between 2.45 microns wavelength and the strongly absorbing water vapor band at 2.67 microns. Air temperature is sensed by a passive radiometric measurement of the Planck's law radiance emitted by carbon dioxide molecules in their very intense emission band at 4.25 microns. Significant operational advantages over previous 14-16 micron band radiometers are achieved. These non-contact optical measurements of absolute humidity and true air temperature can then be combined to yield relative humidity values with respect to both water and ice which remain valid in condensing supersaturated conditions and in spite of hydrometeors in the sample volume.

Nelson, L.D.

1982-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

An Assessment of the Surface Longwave Direct Radiative Effect of Airborne Saharan Dust during the NAMMA Field Campaign  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In September 2006, NASA Goddard’s mobile ground-based laboratories were deployed to Sal Island in Cape Verde (16.73°N, 22.93°W) to support the NASA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (NAMMA) field study. The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance ...

R. A. Hansell; S. C. Tsay; Q. Ji; N. C. Hsu; M. J. Jeong; S. H. Wang; J. S. Reid; K. N. Liou; S. C. Ou

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Sensors and Preflight Calibration Plans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) spacecraft sensors are designed to measure broadband earth-reflected solar shortwave (0.3–5 µm) and earth-emitted longwave (5– > 100 µm) radiances at the top of the atmosphere as part of ...

Robert B. Lee III; Bruce R. Barkstrom; G. Louis Smith; John E. Cooper; Leonard P. Kopia; R. Wes Lawrence; Susan Thomas; Dhirendra K. Pandey; Dominique A. H. Crommelynck

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Search For Hadronic Axions Emitted From The Sun  

SciTech Connect

We made a search for hadronic axions, which could be emitted from the Sun in the axiobremsstrahlung process and absorbed in the HPGe detector by axioelectric effect. An upper limit on hadronic axion mass of 100 eV is obtained at the 95% confidence level.

Ljubicic, A.; Kekez, D.; Krecak, Z. [Institute Rudjer Boskovic, Bijenicka 54 10001 Zagreb (Croatia)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

252

Optical switching in midinfrared light-emitting diodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the optical quenching of electroluminescence in midinfrared light-emitting diodes operating at 3.0 ?m. The source is based on a symmetrical double heterostructure with large band offsets and is effectively switched off using coherent visible light.

A. Krier; V. V. Sherstnev; H. H. Gao; A. M. Monahov; G. Hill

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Thermoelectrically Pumped Light-Emitting Diodes Operating above Unity Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A heated semiconductor light-emitting diode at low forward bias voltage V

Santhanam, Parthiban

254

THERMALLY DRIVEN ATMOSPHERIC ESCAPE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurately determining the escape rate from a planet's atmosphere is critical for determining its evolution. A large amount of Cassini data is now available for Titan's upper atmosphere and a wealth of data is expected within the next decade on escape from Pluto, Mars, and extra-solar planets. Escape can be driven by upward thermal conduction of energy deposited well below the exobase, as well as by nonthermal processes produced by energy deposited in the exobase region. Recent applications of a model for escape driven by upward thermal conduction, called the slow hydrodynamic escape model, have resulted in surprisingly large loss rates for the atmosphere of Titan, Saturn's largest moon. Based on a molecular kinetic simulation of the exobase region, these rates appear to be orders of magnitude too large. Therefore, the slow hydrodynamic model is evaluated here. It is shown that such a model cannot give a reliable description of the atmospheric temperature profile unless it is coupled to a molecular kinetic description of the exobase region. Therefore, the present escape rates for Titan and Pluto must be re-evaluated using the atmospheric model described here.

Johnson, Robert E., E-mail: rej@virginia.ed [Engineering Physics, Thornton Hall B102, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22902 (United States); Physics Department, New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States)

2010-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

255

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric pressure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pressure pressure ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric pressure The pressure exerted by the atmosphere as a consequence of gravitational attraction exerted upon the "column" of air lying directly above the point in question. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

256

Article Atmospheric Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

© The Author(s) 2012. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com csb.scichina.com www.springer.com/scp © The Author(s) 2012. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com csb.scichina.com www.springer.com/scp *Corresponding author (email: luchunsong110@gmail.com) Article Atmospheric Science February 2013 Vol.58 No.4-5: 545  551 doi: 10.1007/s11434-012-5556-6 A method for distinguishing and linking turbulent entrainment mixing and collision-coalescence in stratocumulus clouds LU ChunSong 1,2* , LIU YanGang 2 & NIU ShengJie 1 1 Key Laboratory for Atmospheric Physics and Environment of China Meteorological Administration, Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; 2 Atmospheric Sciences Division, Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York 11973, USA

257

BNL | Atmospheric Systems Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric System Research is a DOE observation-based research program Atmospheric System Research is a DOE observation-based research program created to advance process-level understanding of the key interactions among aerosols, clouds, precipitation, radiation, dynamics, and thermodynamics, with the ultimate goal of reducing the uncertainty in global and regional climate simulations and projections. General areas of research at BNL under this program include studies of aerosol and cloud lifecycles, and cloud-aerosol-precipitation interactions. Contact Robert McGraw, 631.344.3086 aerosols Aerosol Life Cycle The strategic focus of the Aerosol Life Cycle research is observation-based process science-examining the properties and evolution of atmospheric aerosols. Observations come from both long-term studies conducted by the

258

Use of the ARM Measurement of Spectral Zenith Radiance For Better Understanding Of 3D Cloud-Radiation Processes and Aerosol-Cloud Interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our proposal focuses on cloud-radiation processes in a general 3D cloud situation, with particular emphasis on cloud optical depth and effective particle size. We also focus on zenith radiance measurements, both active and passive. The proposal has three main parts. Part One exploits the �¢����solar-background�¢��� mode of ARM lidars to allow them to retrieve cloud optical depth not just for thin clouds but for all clouds. This also enables the study of aerosol cloud interactions with a single instrument. Part Two exploits the large number of new wavelengths offered by ARM�¢����s zenith-pointing ShortWave Spectrometer (SWS), especially during CLASIC, to develop better retrievals not only of cloud optical depth but also of cloud particle size. We also propose to take advantage of the SWS�¢���� 1 Hz sampling to study the �¢����twilight zone�¢��� around clouds where strong aerosol-cloud interactions are taking place. Part Three involves continuing our cloud optical depth and cloud fraction retrieval research with ARM�¢����s 2NFOV instrument by, first, analyzing its data from the AMF-COPS/CLOWD deployment, and second, making our algorithms part of ARM�¢����s operational data processing.

D. Jui-Yuan Chiu

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

259

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Frontiers in Global Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Global Change Frontiers in Global Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Dr. Thanos Nenes Aerosol-Cloud Interactions: The Elusive Component of Climate Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Professor & Georgia Power Faculty Scholar, School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA Thursday, August 1, 2013 EMSL Auditorium 10:00AM The effect of human activities on climate is one of the most important issues facing society. Humans influence climate in many ways. Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) tend to warm climate, by reducing the amount of infrared radiation that is emitted to space. Increased levels of suspended atmospheric particles ("aerosols") exert a net cooling effect by directly scattering and absorption of solar radiation (the "aerosol direct climatic

260

Precomputed atmospheric scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new and accurate method to render the atmosphere in real time from any viewpoint from ground level to outer space, while taking Rayleigh and Mie multiple scattering into account. Our method reproduces many effects of the scattering of light, ...

Eric Bruneton; Fabrice Neyret

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Full Counting Statistics of Photons Emitted by Double Quantum Dot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the full counting statistics of photons emitted by a double quantum dot (DQD) coupled to a high-quality microwave resonator by electric dipole interaction. We show that at the resonant condition between the energy splitting of the DQD and the photon energy in the resonator, photon statistics exhibits both a sub-Poissonian distribution and antibunching. In the ideal case, when the system decoherence stems only from photodetection, the photon noise is reduced below one-half of the noise for the Poisson distribution and is consistent with current noise. The photon distribution remains sub-Poissonian even at moderate decoherence in the DQD. We demonstrate that Josephson junction based photomultipliers can be used to experimentally assess statistics of emitted photons.

Canran Xu; Maxim G. Vavilov

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

262

Organic light-emitting diodes from homoleptic square planar complexes  

SciTech Connect

Homoleptic square planar complexes [M(N.LAMBDA.N).sub.2], wherein two identical N.LAMBDA.N bidentate anionic ligands are coordinated to the M(II) metal center, including bidentate square planar complexes of triazolates, possess optical and electrical properties that make them useful for a wide variety of optical and electrical devices and applications. In particular, the complexes are useful for obtaining white or monochromatic organic light-emitting diodes ("OLEDs"). Improved white organic light emitting diode ("WOLED") designs have improved efficacy and/or color stability at high brightness in single- or two-emitter white or monochrome OLEDs that utilize homoleptic square planar complexes, including bis[3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazolato]platinum(II) ("Pt(ptp).sub.2").

Omary, Mohammad A

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

263

A Comparison of Infrared Light Emitting Diodes (IR-LED) versus Infrared  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B. Characteristics of a typical IR LED analogous to the typeLight Emitting Diodes (IR-LED) versus Infrared Helium-Neon (light emitting diode (IR-LED) to quantitatively measure fuel

Girard, James W.; Bogin, Gregory E; Mack, John Hunter; Chen, J-Y; Dibble, Rober W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Multispectral imaging of the ocular fundus using light emitting diode illumination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multispectral imaging of the ocular fundus using light emitting diode illumination N. L. Everdell,1 on light emitting diode LED illumination that produces multispectral optical images of the human ocular

Claridge, Ela

265

Development of ZnO Based Light Emitting Diodes and Laser Diodes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ZnO based homojunction light emitting diode, double heterojunction light emitting diode, embedded heterojunction random laser diode and Fabry-Perot nanowire laser devices were fabricated and characterized.… (more)

Kong, Jieying

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Evaluation of potential applications for templated arrays of heterostructural semiconductor nanowires as light emitting devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While light emitting devices, such as laser diodes (LDs) and light emitting diodes (LEDs), were first introduced decades ago, they have been the subject of continuing research and improvements due to their relatively poor ...

Zou, Ting, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Package of Homojunction of Fully Conjugated Heterocyclic Aromatic Rigid-rod Polymer Light Emitting Diodes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The focus of this study is mono-layer polymer light emitting diode (PLED). The emitting layer is poly-p-phenylenebenzobisoxazole (PBO). PBO is a fully conjugated heterocyclic aromatic… (more)

Liao, Hung-chi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

LIGHT EMITTING DlODE TESTING AND ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

This report covers the work done to analyze the optical output of a Light Emitting Diode. This diode consists' of a Monsanto MV2 LED chip in an MV50 package. A calculator based instrumentation system is described including programming techniques used to reduce and display data. A Light Instrumentation System with specially designed fiber optic cables is described which gathers data for processing by the calculator based instrumentation system. Future work will include analysis of the RCA 8571 Photomultiplier Tube.

Bowers, J L; Allen, T E

1973-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Electrically injected visible vertical cavity surface emitting laser diodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Visible laser light output from an electrically injected vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VSCEL) diode is enabled by the addition of phase-matching spacer layers on either side of the active region to form the optical cavity. The spacer layers comprise InAlP which act as charge carrier confinement means. Distributed Bragg reflector layers are formed on either side of the optical cavity to act as mirrors. 5 figs.

Schneider, R.P.; Lott, J.A.

1994-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

270

Organic light emitting device having multiple separate emissive layers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An organic light emitting device having multiple separate emissive layers is provided. Each emissive layer may define an exciton formation region, allowing exciton formation to occur across the entire emissive region. By aligning the energy levels of each emissive layer with the adjacent emissive layers, exciton formation in each layer may be improved. Devices incorporating multiple emissive layers with multiple exciton formation regions may exhibit improved performance, including internal quantum efficiencies of up to 100%.

Forrest, Stephen R. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

271

Outdoor Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Digital Signage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities have been supporting outdoor advertising companies and their traditional simple billboards for many years. The level of support these billboards needed was minimal because electricity for them was only used to power basic lighting technologies. The growth in the billboard industry combined with the explosion in available electronic and digital systems and the advancements made in light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has resulted in a new type of billboard8212the LED electronic billboard. Electronic bil...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

272

ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Integrated Column Description An Integrated Column Description of the Atmosphere An Integrated Column Description of the Atmosphere Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The "other" Washington ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Credits to Credits to * Ric Cederwall * Xiquan Dong * Chuck Long * Jay Mace * Mark Miller * Robin Perez * Dave Turner and the rest of the ARM science team * Ric Cederwall * Xiquan Dong * Chuck Long * Jay Mace * Mark Miller * Robin Perez * Dave Turner and the rest of the ARM science team ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Outline Outline * A little philosophy

273

High power light emitting diode based setup for photobleaching fluorescent impurities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High power light emitting diode based setup for photobleaching fluorescent impurities Tobias K be photobleached before final sample preparation. The instrument consists of high power light emitting diodes for simple photobleaching pur- poses, we designed a simple but efficient lighting system using light emitting

Kaufman, Laura

274

Improvement of output coupling efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes by backside substrate modification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improvement of output coupling efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes by backside substrate in determining the power efficiency of organic light emitting diodes OLEDs is the coupling effi- ciency ( cp 1999; accepted for publication 1 February 2000 The emission intensity of an organic light-emitting

275

A description and evaluation of light-emitting diode displays for generation of visual stimuli*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A description and evaluation of light-emitting diode displays for generation of visual stimuli 53706 A description of the design and function of light-emitting diode (LED) display modules is given (Time, April 1972). Light-emitting diodes (L~Ds) are examples of these spin-offs, LED display devices

Massaro, Dominic

276

Solvent-enhanced dye diffusion in polymer thin films for polymer light-emitting diode application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solvent-enhanced dye diffusion in polymer thin films for polymer light-emitting diode application-color (red, green, and blue) polymer light-emitting diode displays was investigated in detail. After local.1063/1.1806548] I. INTRODUCTION Polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) have emerged as a very promising candidate

277

Local tuning of organic light-emitting diode color by dye droplet application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local tuning of organic light-emitting diode color by dye droplet application T. R. Hebner and J. C and the spectra of organic light-emitting diodes made from these films can be successfully tuned by this method. S0003-6951 98 01339-4 A main goal of the field of organic light-emitting diodes OLEDs

278

Room temperature 1.6 m electroluminescence from Ge light emitting diode on Si substrate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Room temperature 1.6 µm electroluminescence from Ge light emitting diode on Si substrate Szu n+/p light emitting diode on a Si substrate. Unlike normal electrically pumped devices, this device.4670) Optical materials; (230.3670) Light-emitting diodes. References and links 1. L. C. Kimerling, "Silicon

Vuckovic, Jelena

279

Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vertical Pillar-Superlattice Array and Graphene Hybrid Light Emitting Diodes Jung Min Lee, Jae a class of light emitting diode (LED) with interesting mechanical, optical, and electrical characteristics, light-emitting diodes, 3D architectures, transparent electrodes V ertical arrays of one-dimensional (1D

Rogers, John A.

280

High efficiency light emitting diode with anisotropically etched GaN-sapphire interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High efficiency light emitting diode with anisotropically etched GaN- sapphire interface M. H. Lo and optimization of a light-emitting diode projection micro-stereolithography three-dimensional manufacturingGaN micro-light emitting diodes Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 231110 (2012) A bright cadmium-free, hybrid organic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution Aurélien David of photonic crystal PhC -assisted gallium nitride light-emitting diodes LEDs to the existence of unextracted a promising but challenging solution towards efficient solid-state lighting. Conventional GaN-based light-emitting

Recanati, Catherine

282

Far-field radiation of photonic crystal organic light-emitting diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Far-field radiation of photonic crystal organic light-emitting diode Yong-Jae Lee, Se-Heon Kim, Guk-field profile of a photonic crystal organic light emitting diode is studied to understand the viewing angle.3670) Light- emitting diodes References and links 1. M. R. Krames, H. Amano, J. J. Brown, P. L. Heremans

Lee, Yong-Hee

283

spectroscopic techniques A Multi-Source Portable Light Emitting Diode Spectrofluorometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectroscopic techniques A Multi-Source Portable Light Emitting Diode Spectrofluorometer SAFWAN only 1.5 kg that uses multiple light emitting diodes (LEDs) as excitation sources was developed emitting diodes; LEDs; Animal forage; Excitation-emission matrices; EEM. INTRODUCTION Movement of chemical

284

Enhancement of Barrier Properties Using Ultrathin Hybrid Passivation Layer for Organic Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acrylate layer and MS-31 (MgO : SiO2 ÂĽ 3 : 1 wt %) layer was adopted in organic light emitting diode (OLED the penetrations of oxygen and moisture. [DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.45.5970] KEYWORDS: organic light emitting diode (OLED. Introduction As a next generation display, the organic light emitting diode (OLED) has to great performances

Hwang, Sung Woo

285

Space charge spectroscopy of integrated quantum well infrared photodetectorlight emitting diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Space charge spectroscopy of integrated quantum well infrared photodetector±light emitting diode M ± light emitting diode (QWIP-LED). Quasistatic capacitance±voltage (C±V ) characteristics under reverse.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Quantum-well infrared photodetector; Light-emitting diode; Space charge

Matsik, Steven G.

286

Correlation between the Indium Tin Oxide morphology and the performances of polymer light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: This paper reports on performance enhancement of polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) based on poly(2,5-bis. Keywords : Polymer light emitting diode; Indium tin oxide; Atomic force microscopy; Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy 1. Introduction Polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) have received worldwide

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

287

Poly(p-phenylene vinylene)/tris(8-hydroxy) quinoline aluminum heterostructure light emitting diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Poly(p-phenylene vinylene)/tris(8-hydroxy) quinoline aluminum heterostructure light emitting diode are presented from polymer/molecular organic heterostructure light emitting diodes composed of a layer,2 organic light emitting diodes OLEDs utilizing fluorescent molecules have attracted considerable interest

288

Enhanced coupling of light from organic light emitting diodes using nanoporous films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhanced coupling of light from organic light emitting diodes using nanoporous films H. J. Peng, Y the light extraction efficiency for organic light emitting diode OLED . Nanoporous alumina film was used by Bragg scattering. The corrugated light- emitting diode had two-times the efficiency as compared

Kwok, Hoi S.

289

Point defect engineered Si sub-bandgap light-emitting diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Point defect engineered Si sub-bandgap light-emitting diode Jiming Bao1 , Malek Tabbal1,2 , Taegon light emission in Si and demonstrate a sub-bandgap light emitting diode based on the introduction.3670) Light-emitting diodes; (160.6000) Semiconductors; (130-0250) Optoelectronics. References and links 1. S

290

Loss of Quantum Efficiency in Green Light Emitting Diode Dies at Low Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Loss of Quantum Efficiency in Green Light Emitting Diode Dies at Low Temperature Yufeng Li1,2 , Wei, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence of GaInN/GaN multiple quantum well light emitting diode dies are analyzed and efficient pure green light emitting diodes (LEDs) are of high economic value. However, when the emission

Wetzel, Christian M.

291

Hydrostatic Adjustment in Nonisothermal Atmospheres  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The author examines hydrostatic adjustment due to heating in two nonisothermal atmospheres. In the first case both the temperature and lapse rate decrease with height; in the second case the atmosphere consists of a troposphere with constant ...

Dean G. Duffy

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Efficient rendering of atmospheric phenomena  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rendering of atmospheric bodies involves modeling the complex interaction of light throughout the highly scattering medium of water and air particles. Scattering by these particles creates many well-known atmospheric optical phenomena including rainbows, ...

Kirk Riley; David S. Ebert; Martin Kraus; Jerry Tessendorf; Charles Hansen

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Annual Report 2008  

SciTech Connect

The Importance of Clouds and Radiation for Climate Change: The Earth’s surface temperature is determined by the balance between incoming solar radiation and thermal (or infrared) radiation emitted by the Earth back to space. Changes in atmospheric composition, including greenhouse gases, clouds, and aerosols, can alter this balance and produce significant climate change. Global climate models (GCMs) are the primary tool for quantifying future climate change; however, there remain significant uncertainties in the GCM treatment of clouds, aerosol, and their effects on the Earth’s energy balance. In 1989, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science created the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program to address scientific uncertainties related to global climate change, with a specific focus on the crucial role of clouds and their influence on the transfer of radiation in the atmosphere. To reduce these scientific uncertainties, the ARM Program uses a unique twopronged approach: • The ARM Climate Research Facility, a scientific user facility for obtaining long-term measurements of radiative fluxes, cloud and aerosol properties, and related atmospheric characteristics in diverse climate regimes; and • The ARM Science Program, focused on the analysis of ACRF and other data to address climate science issues associated with clouds, aerosols, and radiation, and to improve GCMs. This report provides an overview of each of these components and a sample of achievements for each in fiscal year (FY) 2008.

LR Roeder

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric turbulence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turbulence turbulence ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric turbulence High frequency velocity fluctuations that lead to turbulent transport of momentum, heat, mositure, and passive scalars, and often expressed in terms of variances and covariances. Categories Atmospheric State, Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

295

Differential atmospheric tritium sampler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An atmospheric tritium sampler is provided which uses a carrier gas comprised of hydrogen gas and a diluting gas, mixed in a nonexplosive concentration. Sample air and carrier gas are drawn into and mixed in a manifold. A regulator meters the carrier gas flow to the manifold. The air sample/carrier gas mixture is pulled through a first moisture trap which adsorbs water from the air sample. The mixture then passes through a combustion chamber where hydrogen gas in the form of H.sub.2 or HT is combusted into water. The manufactured water is transported by the air stream to a second moisture trap where it is adsorbed. The air is then discharged back into the atmosphere by means of a pump.

Griesbach, Otto A. (Langhorne, PA); Stencel, Joseph R. (Skillman, NJ)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability  

SciTech Connect

The Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) project is a Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored real-time emergency response service available for use by both federal and state agencies in case of a potential or actual atmospheric release of nuclear material. The project, initiated in 1972, is currently evolving from the research and development phase to full operation. Plans are underway to expand the existing capability to continuous operation by 1984 and to establish a National ARAC Center (NARAC) by 1988. This report describes the ARAC system, its utilization during the past two years, and plans for its expansion during the next five to six years. An integral part of this expansion is due to a very important and crucial effort sponsored by the Defense Nuclear Agency to extend the ARAC service to approximately 45 Department of Defense (DOD) sites throughout the continental US over the next three years.

Dickerson, M.H.; Gudiksen, P.H.; Sullivan, T.J.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Atmospheric Mercury Research Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a summary and analysis of research findings on utility and environmental mercury from 1997 to 2003. The update categorizes and describes recent work on mercury in utility-burned coal and its route through power plants, the measures for its control, and its fate in the environment following emissions from utility stacks. This fate includes atmospheric chemistry and transport, deposition to land and water surfaces, aquatic cycling, the dynamics of mercury in freshwater fish food webs, and th...

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

298

Using MetOp-A AVHRR Clear-Sky Measurements to Cloud-Clear MetOp-A IASI Column Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High spatial resolution measurements from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the Meteorological Operation (MetOp)-A satellite that are collocated to the footprints from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) ...

Eric S. Maddy; Thomas S. King; Haibing Sun; Walter W. Wolf; Christopher D. Barnet; Andrew Heidinger; Zhaohui Cheng; Mitchell D. Goldberg; Antonia Gambacorta; Chen Zhang; Kexin Zhang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

THE FABRICATION AND ANALYSIS OF QUANTUM-DOT THIN FILM LIGHT EMITTING DIODES FOR USE IN DISPLAYS TECHNOLOGIES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The quantum dot has many applications, one of which is the light emitting diode. Quantum dot light emitting diodes were fabricated for their use in… (more)

Pickering, Shawn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

ORISE: Climate and Atmospheric Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate and Atmospheric Research Climate and Atmospheric Research Capabilities Overview U.S. Climate Reference Network U.S. Historical Climate Network Contact Us Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education Climate and Atmospheric Research The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) partners with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division (ATDD) to conduct climate research focused on issues of national and global importance. Research is performed with personnel support from ORISE's Independent Environmental Assessment and Verification (IEAV) programs, as well as in collaboration with scientists and engineers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and numerous other organizations, government agencies, universities and private research institutions.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Atmospheric attenuation of solar radiation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The attenuation of solar radiation by the atmosphere between the heliostat and receiver of a Central Receiver solar energy system has been computed for a number of atmospheric conditions and tower-heliostat distances. The most important atmospheric variable is found to be the atmospheric aerosol content. No dependence of atmospheric water vapor is found and only a weak dependence on solar zenith angle. For a 500 m heliostat-tower distance two to four percent reductions are expected under typical desert conditions (50 to 120 km visibility). The reduction is approximately linear with heliostat-tower distance. A representative value of the attenuation coefficient is 0.051 km/sup -1/.

Randall, C.M.

1977-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

302

clough-99.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect on the Calculated Spectral Surface Radiances Effect on the Calculated Spectral Surface Radiances Due to MWR Scaling of Sonde Water Vapor Profiles S. A. Clough and P. D. Brown Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Cambridge, Massachusetts J. C. Liljegren The Center for Non-Destructive Evaluation Applied Sciences Complex II Ames, Iowa D. D. Turner and T. R. Shippert Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington D. C. Tobin, H. E. Revercomb, and R. O. Knuteson Space Science and Engineering Center University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin Introduction The accuracy limitation of the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer/Line-by-Line Radiative Transfer Model (AERI/LBLRTM) Quality Measurement Experiment (QME) is principally attributable to uncertainties in the measurement of atmospheric water vapor. The QME is a closure experiment on

303

Electroluminescence property of organic light emitting diode (OLED)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transport properties of electrons and holes were investigated not only in a anthracene-containing poly(p-phenylene-ethynylene)- alt - poly(p-phenylene-vinylene) (PPE-PPV) polymer (AnE-PVstat) light emitting diodes (OLED) but also in an ITO/Ag/polymer/Ag electron and ITO/PEDOT:PSS/polymer/Au hole only devices. Mobility of injected carriers followed the Poole-Frenkel type conduction mechanism and distinguished in the frequency range due to the difference of transit times in admittance measurement. Beginning of light output took place at the turn-on voltage (or flat band voltage)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Blue light emitting diode internal and injection efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple experimental method of light emitting diode(LED) injection efficiency (IE) determination was suggested. IE and internal quantum efficiency(IQE) calculation is an actual and difficult problem in LED science. In this paper IE and IQE of blue LEDs were determined separately. The method is based on electroluminescence data fitting by the modified rate equation model. Efficiency droop caused by Auger recombination and poor injection were taken into account. Only one reasonable assumption was accepted during the calculations: IE tends to 1 at low current densities.

Ilya E. Titkov; Denis A. Sannikov; Young-Min Park; Joong-Kon Son

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

High efficiency III-nitride light-emitting diodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Tailored doping of barrier layers enables balancing of the radiative recombination among the multiple-quantum-wells in III-Nitride light-emitting diodes. This tailored doping enables more symmetric carrier transport and uniform carrier distribution which help to reduce electron leakage and thus reduce the efficiency droop in high-power III-Nitride LEDs. Mitigation of the efficiency droop in III-Nitride LEDs may enable the pervasive market penetration of solid-state-lighting technologies in high-power lighting and illumination.

Crawford, Mary; Koleske, Daniel; Cho, Jaehee; Zhu, Di; Noemaun, Ahmed; Schubert, Martin F; Schubert, E. Fred

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

306

Full Counting Statistics of Photons Emitted by Double Quantum Dot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the full counting statistics of photons emitted by a double quantum dot (DQD) to a high-quality microwave transmission line due to the dipole coupling. We show that at the resonant condition between the energy splitting of the DQD and the photon energy in the transmission line, photon statistics exhibits both a sub-Poissonian distribution and antibunching. In the ideal case, when the system decoherence stems only from photodetection, the photon noise is reduced below one-half of the noise for the Poisson distribution. The photon distribution remains sub-Poissonian even at moderate decoherence in the DQD.

Canran Xu; Maxim G. Vavilov

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

307

Entanglement dynamics of photon pairs emitted from quantum dots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a model that describes states of photon pairs, which have been generated by biexciton cascade decays of self-assembled quantum dots, the use of which yields a finding that agrees well with the experimental result. Furthermore, we calculate the concurrence and determine the temperature behavior associated with the so-called entanglement sudden death that prevents quantum dots emitting entangled photon pairs at raised temperatures. The relationship between the fine-structure splitting and the sudden death temperature is also provided.

Zou, Yang; Gong, Ming; Li, Chuan-Feng; Chen, Geng; Tang, Jian-Shun; Guo, Guang-Can [Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China, CAS, Hefei 230026 (China)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Solid-state radiation-emitting compositions and devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to a composition for the volumetric generation of radiation, wherein a first substance functions as a source of exciting radiation, and a second substance interacts with the exciting radiation to provide a second radiation. The compositions comprise a porous substrate which is loaded with: a source of exciting radiation, a component capable of emitting radiation upon interaction with the exciting radiation, or both. Preferably, the composition is an aerogel substrate loaded with both a source of exciting radiation, such as tritium, and a component capable of interacting with the exciting radiation, e.g., a phosphor, to produce radiation of a second energy.

Ashley, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott (Albuquerque, NM); Walko, Robert J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Fabrication of poly(p-phenyleneacetylene) light-emitting diodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Acetylene containing poly(p-phenyleneacetylene) (PPA) - based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are provided. The LEDs are fabricated by coating a hole-injecting electrode, preferably an indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass substrate, with a PPA polymer, such as a 2,5-dibutoxy or a 2,5-dihexoxy derivative of PPA, dissolved in an organic solvent. This is then followed by evaporating a layer of material capable of injecting electrons, such as A1 or A1/Ca, onto the polymer to form a base electrode. This composition is then annealed to form efficient EL diodes.

Shinar, Joseph (Ames, IA); Swanson, Leland S. (Ames, IA); Lu, Feng (Ames, IA); Ding, Yiwei (Ames, IA)

1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

310

Poly (p-phenyleneneacetylene) light-emitting diodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Acetylene containing poly(p-phenyleneacetylene) (PPA) - based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are provided. The LEDs are fabricated by coating a hole-injecting electrode, preferably an indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass substrate, with a PPA polymer, such as a 2,5-dibutoxy or a 2,5-dihexoxy derivative of PPA, dissolved in an organic solvent. This is then followed by evaporating a layer of material capable of injecting electrons, such as Al or Al/Ca, onto the polymer to form a base electrode. This composition is then annealed to form efficient EL diodes.

Shinar, Joseph (Ames, IA); Swanson, Leland S. (Ames, IA); Lu, Feng (Ames, IA); Ding, Yiwei (Ames, IA); Barton, Thomas J. (Ames, IA); Vardeny, Zeev V. (Salt Lake City, UT)

1994-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

311

Fabrication of poly(p-phenyleneacetylene) light-emitting diodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Acetylene-containing poly(p-phenyleneacetylene) (PPA)-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are provided. The LEDs are fabricated by coating a hole-injecting electrode, preferably an indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass substrate, with a PPA polymer, such as a 2,5-dibutoxy or a 2,5-dihexoxy derivative of PPA, dissolved in an organic solvent. This is then followed by evaporating a layer of material capable of injecting electrons, such as Al or Al/Ca, onto the polymer to form a base electrode. This composition is then annealed to form efficient EL diodes. 8 figs.

Shinar, J.; Swanson, L.S.; Lu, F.; Ding, Y.

1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

312

Poly (p-phenyleneacetylene) light-emitting diodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Acetylene containing poly(p-phenyleneacetylene) (PPA) - based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are provided. The LEDs are fabricated by coating a hole-injecting electrode, preferably an indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass substrate, with a PPA polymer, such as a 2,5-dibutoxy or a 2,5-dihexoxy derivative of PPA, dissolved in an organic solvent. This is then followed by evaporating a layer of material capable of injecting electrons, such as Al or Al/Ca, onto the polymer to form a base electrode. This composition is then annealed to form efficient EL diodes. 8 figs.

Shinar, J.; Swanson, L.S.; Lu, F.; Ding, Y.; Barton, T.J.; Vardeny, Z.V.

1994-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

313

Solid-state radiation-emitting compositions and devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to a composition for the volumetric generation of radiation, wherein a first substance functions as a source of exciting radiation, and a second substance interacts with the exciting radiation to provide a second radiation. The compositions comprise a porous substrate which is loaded with: a source of exciting radiation, a component capable of emitting radiation upon interaction with the exciting radiation, or both. Preferably, the composition is an aerogel substrate loaded with both a source of exciting radiation, such as tritium, and a component capable of interacting with the exciting radiation, e.g., a phosphor, to produce radiation of a second energy. 4 figs.

Ashley, C.S.; Brinker, C.J.; Reed, S.; Walko, R.J.

1992-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

314

Section 26  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Science Applications of Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Measurements W. L. Smith, S. A. Ackerman, D. H. DeSlover, W. F. Feltz, S. Ho, R. O. Knuteson and H. E. Revercomb Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Space Science and Engineering Center University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin S. A. Clough Atmospheric Environmental Research, Inc. Cambridge, Massachusetts Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) data systems may not be available (e.g., the boundary sites of the are being used to study meteorological processes in the Southern Great Plains [SGP] CART). This technique Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL), the quasi-continuous sound associates temperature and water vapor structure in an

315

Microsoft Word - best-fa.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catastrophic Failures and a Robust Fix of the Atmospheric Catastrophic Failures and a Robust Fix of the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Detector Dewars F. A. Best, D. P. Adler,N. N. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, R. O. Knuteson, and H. E. Revercomb University of Wisconsin - Madison Madison, Wisconsin Introduction The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) is a ground-based infrared spectroradiometer that was developed at the University of Wisconsin Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC) for the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program to measure the downwelling infrared emission from CO 2 , H 2 O, and clouds. Nine continuously operating AERIs are deployed throughout the world, including Lamont, Oklahoma; Barrow, Alaska; Madison, Wisconsin;

316

ACARS Aerodynamic (Research Incorporated) Communication and Recording System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ix ix Acrononyms and Abbreviations Acronyms and Abbreviations ACARS Aerodynamic (Research Incorporated) Communication and Recording System ACSYS Arctic Climate System Study AER Atmospheric Environmental Research, Inc. AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research AGARD Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development ALFA AER Local Forecast and Assimilation (model) AMIP Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project ARCS Atmosphere Radiation and Cloud Stations ARCSS Arctic System Science (NSF) ARCSYM Arctic Regional Climate System Model ARINC Aerodynamic Research Incorporated Communication ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program AS anvil stratus ASTER Atmosphere-Surface Turbulent Exchange Research ASTEX Altantic Stratocumulus Transition EXperiment

317

PNNL: FCSD: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change: Programs &...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Programs & Facilities Atmospheric Measurements Laboratory Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and ARM Climate Research Facility ARM Aerial Facility Environmental...

318

Calibration of Radiances from Space  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors compare the performance of broadband radiometers with spectrally dispersed measurements. Spectrally dispersed radiometers may be more accurately calibrated than is possible with broadband filter instruments. They also have a larger ...

Richard Goody; Robert Haskins

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Organic light-emitting devices using spin-dependent processes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The maximum luminous efficiency of organic light-emitting materials is increased through spin-dependent processing. The technique is applicable to all electro-luminescent processes in which light is produced by singlet exciton decay, and all devices which use such effects, including LEDs, super-radiant devices, amplified stimulated emission devices, lasers, other optical microcavity devices, electrically pumped optical amplifiers, and phosphorescence (Ph) based light emitting devices. In preferred embodiments, the emissive material is doped with an impurity, or otherwise modified, to increase the spin-lattice relaxation rate (i.e., decrease the spin-lattice time), and hence raise the efficiency of the device. The material may be a polymer, oligomer, small molecule, single crystal, molecular crystal, or fullerene. The impurity is preferably a magnetic or paramagnetic substance. The invention is applicable to IR, UV, and other electromagnetic radiation generation and is thus not limited to the visible region of the spectrum. The methods of the invention may also be combined with other techniques used to improve device performance.

Vardeny, Z. Valy (Salt Lake City, UT); Wohlgenannt, Markus (Salt Lake City, UT)

2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

320

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program facilities newsletter, July 2001.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global Warming and Methane--Global warming, an increase in Earth's near-surface temperature, is believed to result from the buildup of what scientists refer to as ''greenhouse gases.'' These gases include water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluoro-carbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Greenhouse gases can absorb outgoing infrared (heat) radiation and re-emit it back to Earth, warming the surface. Thus, these gases act like the glass of a greenhouse enclosure, trapping infrared radiation inside and warming the space. One of the more important greenhouse gases is the naturally occurring hydrocarbon methane. Methane, a primary component of natural gas, is the second most important contributor to the greenhouse effect (after carbon dioxide). Natural sources of methane include wetlands, fossil sources, termites, oceans, fresh-waters, and non-wetland soils. Methane is also produced by human-related (or anthropogenic) activities such as fossil fuel production, coal mining, rice cultivation, biomass burning, water treatment facilities, waste management operations and landfills, and domesticated livestock operations (Figure 1). These anthropogenic activities account for approximately 70% of the methane emissions to the atmosphere. Methane is removed naturally from the atmosphere in three ways. These methods, commonly referred to as sinks, are oxidation by chemical reaction with tropospheric hydroxyl ion, oxidation within the stratosphere, and microbial uptake by soils. In spite of their important role in removing excess methane from the atmosphere, the sinks cannot keep up with global methane production. Methane concentrations in the atmosphere have increased by 145% since 1800. Increases in atmospheric methane roughly parallel world population growth, pointing to anthropogenic sources as the cause (Figure 2). Increases in the methane concentration reduce Earth's natural cooling efficiency by trapping more of the outgoing terrestrial infrared radiation, increasing the near-surface temperature.

Holdridge, D. J.

2001-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

EMSL: Science: Atmospheric Aerosol Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Aerosol Systems Atmospheric Aerosol Systems atmospheric logo Nighttime enhancement of nitrogen-containing organic compounds, or NOC Observed nighttime enhancement of nitrogen-containing organic compounds, or NOC, showed evidence of being formed by reactions that transform carbonyls into imines. The Atmospheric Aerosol Systems Science Theme focuses on understanding the chemistry, physics and molecular-scale dynamics of aerosols for model parameterization to improve the accuracy of climate model simulations and develop a predictive understanding of climate. By elucidating the role of natural and anthropogenic regional and global climate forcing mechanisms, EMSL can provide DOE and others with the ability to develop cost-effective strategies to monitor, control and mitigate them.

322

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. A 3-D chemistry-transport model has been applied to the Mexico City metropolitan area to investigate the origin of elevated levels of non-fossil (NF) carbonaceous aerosols observed in this highly urbanized region. High time resolution measurements of the fine aerosol concentration and composition, and 12 or 24 h integrated 14 C measurements of aerosol modern carbon have been performed in and near Mexico City during the March 2006 MILAGRO field experiment. The non-fossil carbon fraction (fNF), which is lower than the measured modern fraction (fM) due to the elevated 14 C in the atmosphere caused by nuclear bomb testing, is estimated from the measured fM and the source-dependent information on modern carbon enrichment. The fNF contained in PM1 total carbon analyzed by a US team (f TC

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Atmospheric Corrosion Test Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 27   Some marine-atmospheric corrosion test sites around the world...Zealand Phia Marine 0.2 0.12 15.8 2.4 � � � � Greece Rafina Marine 0.2 0.12 13.6 1.0 � � � � Rhodes Marine 0.2 0.12 14.3 1.5 � � � � Netherlands Schagen Marine 2.4 1.5 17.0 2.0 � � � � Spain Almeria � 0.035 0.022 22.4 1.6 � � � � Cartagena � 0.050 0.031 5.2 1.9 � � � � La Coruña � 0.160 0.1 26.2 1.4...

324

ELSEVIER AtmosphericResearch 38 (1995) 207-235 ATMOSPHERIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELSEVIER AtmosphericResearch 38 (1995) 207-235 ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH On the parameterization of ice and water substance mixing ratio fields were only strongly altered by turning off the ice phase of these schemes includes ice processes. But in mid- latitudes and also in tropics the ice phase is an important

Moelders, Nicole

325

Low Voltage, Low Power Organic Light Emitting Transistors for AMOLED Displays  

SciTech Connect

Low voltage, low power dissipation, high aperture ratio organic light emitting transistors are demonstrated. The high level of performance is enabled by a carbon nanotube source electrode that permits integration of the drive transistor and the organic light emitting diode into an efficient single stacked device. Given the demonstrated performance, this technology could break the technical logjam holding back widespread deployment of active matrix organic light emitting displays at flat panel screen sizes.

McCarthy, M. A. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Liu, B. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Donoghue, E. P. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL; Kim, D. Y. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Reynolds, J. R. [University of Florida, Gainesville; So, Franky [University of Florida, Gainesville; Rinzler, A. G. [University of Florida, Gainesville

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Method of electroplating a conversion electron emitting source on implant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for preparing an implant coated with a conversion electron emitting source (CEES) are disclosed. The typical method includes cleaning the surface of the implant; placing the implant in an activating solution comprising hydrochloric acid to activate the surface; reducing the surface by H.sub.2 evolution in H.sub.2SO.sub.4 solution; and placing the implant in an electroplating solution that includes ions of the CEES, HCl, H.sub.2SO.sub.4, and resorcinol, gelatin, or a combination thereof. Alternatively, before tin plating, a seed layer is formed on the surface. The electroplated CEES coating can be further protected and stabilized by annealing in a heated oven, by passivation, or by being covered with a protective film. The invention also relates to a holding device for holding an implant, wherein the device selectively prevents electrodeposition on the portions of the implant contacting the device.

Srivastava, Suresh C. (Setauket, NY); Gonzales, Gilbert R. (New York, NY); Adzic, Radoslav (East Setauket, NY); Meinken, George E. (Middle Island, NY)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

327

Semiconductor Nanocrystals-Based White Light Emitting Diodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to the demands for energy and the concerns of global warming and climate change, energy efficient and environmentally friendly solid state lighting, such as white light emitting diodes (WLEDs), is considered to be the most promising and suitable light source. Because of their small size, high efficiency, and long lifetime, WLEDs based on colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (or quantum dots) are emerging as a completely new technology platform for the development of flat-panel displays and solid state lighting, exhibiting the potential to replace the conventionally used incandescent and fluorescent lamps. This replacement could cut the ever-increasing energy consumption, solve the problem of rapidly depleting fossil fuel reserves, and improve the quality of the global environment. In this review, we highlight the recent progress in semiconductor nanocrystals-based WLEDs, compare different approaches for generating white light, and discuss the benefits and challenges of the solid state lighting technology.

Dai, Quanqin [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL; Duty, Chad E [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Solid-state radiation-emitting compositions and devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to a composition for the volumetric generation of radiation, wherein a first substance functions as a source of exciting radiation, and a second substance interacts with the exciting radiation to provide a second radiation. The compositions comprise a porous substrate which is loaded with: a source of exciting radiation, a component capable of emitting radiation upon interaction with the exciting radiation, or both. In the composition, a composite is formed from a carrier material and at least one of the source of the exciting radiation or the component which is capable of interacting with the exciting radiation. The composite is then employed for loading a porous substrate, preferably an aerogel substrate.

Ashley, Carol S. (14316 Bauer Rd., NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123); Brinker, C. Jeffrey (14 Eagle Nest Dr., NE., Albuquerque, NM 87122); Reed, Scott (10308 Leymon Ct., NW., Albuquerque, NM 87114); Shepodd, Timothy J. (1838 Broadmore St., Livermore, CA 94550); Leonard, Leroy E. (4944 Ten Oaks Rd., Dayton, MD 21036); Ellefson, Robert E. (193 Elmwood Dr., Centerville, OH 45459); Gill, John T. (906 E. Linden Ave., Miamisburg, OH 45342); Walko, Robert J. (3215 Blume, NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Renschler, Clifford L. (7 Lagarto Rd., Tijeras, NM 87059)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

White organic light-emitting diodes: Status and perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are ultra-thin, large-area light sources made from organic semiconductor materials. Over the last decades, much research has been spent on finding the suitable materials to realize highly efficient monochrome and white OLEDs. With their high efficiency, color-tunability, and color-quality, white OLEDs are emerging to become one of the next generation light sources. In this review, we discuss the physics of a variety of device concepts that are introduced to realize white OLEDs based on both polymer and small molecule organic materi als. Owing to the fact that about 80 % of the internally generated photons are trapped within the thin-film layer structure, we put a second focus on reviewing promising concepts for improved light outcoupling.

Reineke, Sebastian; Lüssem, Björn; Leo, Karl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Wire-shaped semiconductor light-emitting diodes for general-purpose lighting  

SciTech Connect

The object of this work is to develop and optimize a new type of light-emitting diode (LED) with a wire-shaped, cylindrical geometry.

Mauk, Michael G.

2002-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

331

Application of light emitting diodes as solid state light sources in analytical chemistry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Several analytical systems were developed with light emitting diodes (LEDs) as solid state light sources. With an LED as a light source, liquid core waveguide… (more)

Eom, In Yong

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Novel Hole-Confining Concept for Efficient Green Organic Light Emitting Diodes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Organic light emitting diode (OLED) technology has initiated a lot of interest in the display and solid state lighting market during the last decade. The… (more)

Harikrishna Mohan, Siddharth

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Power control architectures for cold cathode fluorescent lamp and light emitting diode based light sources.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In this dissertation, two different energy efficient power supply topologies are introduced for controlling cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL) and high-brightness light emitting diode… (more)

Doshi, Montu V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Shelf life of five meat products displayed under light emitting diode or fluorescent lighting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Light emitting diode (LED) and fluorescent (FLS) lighting effects on enhanced pork loin chops, beef longissimus dorsi and semimembranosus steaks, ground beef, and ground turkey… (more)

Steele, Kyle Stover

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Nanocrystalline Silicon Quantum Dot Light Emitting Diodes Using Metal Oxide Charge Transport Layers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Silicon-based lighting show promise for display and solid state lighting use. Here we demonstrate a novel thin film light emitting diode device using nanocrystalline silicon… (more)

Zhu, Jiayuan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility and Atmospheric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility and Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Science and Infrastructure Steering Committee CHARTER June 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not

337

Atmospheric radiation measurement program facilities newsletter, September 2001.  

SciTech Connect

Our Changing Climate--Is our climate really changing? How do we measure climate change? How can we predict what Earth's climate will be like for generations to come? One focus of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is to improve scientific climate models enough to achieve reliable regional prediction of future climate. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the global mean surface temperature has increased by 0.5-1.0 F since the late 19th century. The 20th century's 10 warmest years all occurred in the last 15 years of the century, with 1998 being the warmest year of record. The global mean surface temperature is measured by a network of temperature-sensing instruments distributed around the world, including ships, ocean buoys, and weather stations on land. The data from this network are retrieved and analyzed by various organizations, including the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the World Meteorological Organization. Worldwide temperature records date back to 1860. To reconstruct Earth's temperature history before 1860, scientists use limited temperature records, along with proxy indicators such as tree rings, pollen records, and analysis of air frozen in ancient ice. The solar energy received from the sun drives Earth's weather and climate. Some of this energy is reflected and filtered by the atmosphere, but most is absorbed by Earth's surface. The absorbed solar radiation warms the surface and is re-radiated as heat energy into the atmosphere. Some atmospheric gases, called greenhouse gases, trap some of the re-emitted heat, keeping the surface temperature regulated and suitable for sustaining life. Although the greenhouse effect is natural, some evidence indicates that human activities are producing increased levels of some greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Scientists believe that the combustion of fossil fuels is responsible for the increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. According to the EPA, the burning of fossil fuels for cars and trucks, the heating of homes and businesses, and the operation of power plants account for approximately 98% of U.S. carbon dioxide emissions. The increase of greenhouse gases will, theoretically, enhance the greenhouse effect by trapping more of the heat energy emitted by Earth's surface, thus increasing the surface temperatures on a global scale. Scientists expect that the global average surface temperature could rise 1-4.5 F in the next 50 years and as much as 10 F in the next century. Global warming could potentially have harmful effects on human health, water resources, forests, agriculture, wildlife, and coastal areas. A few degrees of warming might lead to more frequent and severe heat waves, worsened air pollution with adverse effects on human respiratory health, and wider spread of tropical disease such as malaria. The world's hydrologic cycle might be affected by an increase in evaporation and, thus, in precipitation. An increase in evaporation will increase atmospheric water vapor, a significant natural greenhouse gas. The increase in water vapor might further enhance the global warming caused by the greenhouse effect. This is known as a positive feedback. The increase in water vapor could also change the amount of clouds present in the atmosphere, which could reduce temperatures in a negative feedback. Many interrelated factors affect the global climate and are responsible for climate change. Predicting the outcome of the interactions among the many factors is not easy, but it must be addressed. The ARM Program is taking a lead in this effort by collecting vast amounts of data whose analysis will improve our forecasting models for both daily weather and long-term climate. For more information on the ARM Program, please visit our web site at www.arm.gov.

Holdridge, D. J.

2001-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

Atmospheric radiation measurement program facilities newsletter, September 2001.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Our Changing Climate--Is our climate really changing? How do we measure climate change? How can we predict what Earth's climate will be like for generations to come? One focus of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is to improve scientific climate models enough to achieve reliable regional prediction of future climate. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the global mean surface temperature has increased by 0.5-1.0 F since the late 19th century. The 20th century's 10 warmest years all occurred in the last 15 years of the century, with 1998 being the warmest year of record. The global mean surface temperature is measured by a network of temperature-sensing instruments distributed around the world, including ships, ocean buoys, and weather stations on land. The data from this network are retrieved and analyzed by various organizations, including the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the World Meteorological Organization. Worldwide temperature records date back to 1860. To reconstruct Earth's temperature history before 1860, scientists use limited temperature records, along with proxy indicators such as tree rings, pollen records, and analysis of air frozen in ancient ice. The solar energy received from the sun drives Earth's weather and climate. Some of this energy is reflected and filtered by the atmosphere, but most is absorbed by Earth's surface. The absorbed solar radiation warms the surface and is re-radiated as heat energy into the atmosphere. Some atmospheric gases, called greenhouse gases, trap some of the re-emitted heat, keeping the surface temperature regulated and suitable for sustaining life. Although the greenhouse effect is natural, some evidence indicates that human activities are producing increased levels of some greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Scientists believe that the combustion of fossil fuels is responsible for the increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. According to the EPA, the burning of fossil fuels for cars and trucks, the heating of homes and businesses, and the operation of power plants account for approximately 98% of U.S. carbon dioxide emissions. The increase of greenhouse gases will, theoretically, enhance the greenhouse effect by trapping more of the heat energy emitted by Earth's surface, thus increasing the surface temperatures on a global scale. Scientists expect that the global average surface temperature could rise 1-4.5 F in the next 50 years and as much as 10 F in the next century. Global warming could potentially have harmful effects on human health, water resources, forests, agriculture, wildlife, and coastal areas. A few degrees of warming might lead to more frequent and severe heat waves, worsened air pollution with adverse effects on human respiratory health, and wider spread of tropical disease such as malaria. The world's hydrologic cycle might be affected by an increase in evaporation and, thus, in precipitation. An increase in evaporation will increase atmospheric water vapor, a significant natural greenhouse gas. The increase in water vapor might further enhance the global warming caused by the greenhouse effect. This is known as a positive feedback. The increase in water vapor could also change the amount of clouds present in the atmosphere, which could reduce temperatures in a negative feedback. Many interrelated factors affect the global climate and are responsible for climate change. Predicting the outcome of the interactions among the many factors is not easy, but it must be addressed. The ARM Program is taking a lead in this effort by collecting vast amounts of data whose analysis will improve our forecasting models for both daily weather and long-term climate. For more information on the ARM Program, please visit our web site at www.arm.gov.

Holdridge, D. J.

2001-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

339

Wide-Area Thermal Processing of Light-Emitting Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Silicon carbide based materials and devices have been successfully exploited for diverse electronic applications. However, they have not achieved the same success as Si technologies due to higher material cost and higher processing temperatures required for device development. Traditionally, SiC is not considered for optoelectronic applications because it has an indirect bandgap. However, AppliCote Associates, LLC has developed a laser-based doping process which enables light emission in SiC through the creation of embedded p-n junctions. AppliCote laser irradiation of silicon carbide allows two different interaction mechanisms: (1) Laser conversion or induced phase transformation which creates carbon rich regions that have conductive properties. These conductive regions are required for interconnection to the light emitting semiconducting region. (2) Laser doping which injects external dopant atoms into the substrate that introduces deep level transition states that emit light when electrically excited. The current collaboration with AppliCote has focused on the evaluation of ORNL's unique Pulse Thermal Processing (PTP) technique as a replacement for laser processing. Compared to laser processing, Pulse Thermal Processing can deliver similar energy intensities (20-50 kW/cm2) over a much larger area (up to 1,000 cm2) at a lower cost and much higher throughput. The main findings of our investigation; which are significant for the realization of SiC based optoelectronic devices, are as follows: (1) The PTP technique is effective in low thermal budget activation of dopants in SiC similar to the laser technique. The surface electrical conductivity of the SiC samples improved by about three orders of magnitude as a result of PTP processing which is significant for charge injection in the devices; (2) The surface composition of the SiC film can be modified by the PTP technique to create a carbon-rich surface (increased local C:Si ratio from 1:1 to 2.9:1). This is significant as higher thermal and electrical conductivities of the surface layer are critical for a successful development of integrated optoelectronic devices; and (3) PTP provides low thermal budget dopant activation with a controlled depth profile, which can be exploited for high performance device development with selective patterning of the substrate. This project has successfully demonstrated that a low thermal budget annealing technique, such as PTP, is critical to defining the path for low cost electronic devices integrated on glass or polymeric substrates. This project is complimentary to the goals of the Solid State Lighting Program within DOE. It involves new manufacturing techniques for light emitting materials that are potentially much lower cost and energy efficient than existing products. Significant opportunity exists for further exploration of AppliCote's material and device technology in combination with ORNL's PTP technique, modeling, and characterization capabilities.

Duty, C.; Quick, N. (AppliCote Associates, LLC)

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

340

Method to generate high efficient devices which emit high quality light for illumination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electroluminescent apparatus includes an OLED device emitting light in the blue and green spectrums, and at least one down conversion layer. The down conversion layer absorbs at least part of the green spectrum light and emits light in at least one of the orange spectra and red spectra.

Krummacher, Benjamin C. (Sunnyvale, CA); Mathai, Mathew (Santa Clara, CA); Choong, Vi-En (San Jose, CA); Choulis, Stelios A. (San Jose, CA)

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Confocal microphotoluminescence of InGaN-based light-emitting diodes Koichi Okamoto,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for conventional incandescent and fluorescent light bulbs.5 However, luminous efficacies of commercial white LEDsConfocal microphotoluminescence of InGaN-based light-emitting diodes Koichi Okamoto,a Akio Kaneta-well-structured light-emitting diodes LEDs with a yellow-green light 530 nm and an amber light 600 nm was measured

Okamoto, Koichi

342

Nanocluster-based white-light-emitting material employing surface tuning  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for making a nanocrystal-based material capable of emitting light over a sufficiently broad spectral range to appear white. Surface-modifying ligands are used to shift and broaden the emission of semiconductor nanocrystals to produce nanoparticle-based materials that emit white light.

Wilcoxon, Jess P. (Albuquerque, NM); Abrams, Billie L. (Albuquerque, NM); Thoma, Steven G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

343

Baiu rainband termination in atmospheric and atmosphere-ocean models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baiu rainband is a summer rainband stretching from eastern China through Japan towards the Northwest Pacific. The climatological termination of the Baiu rainband is investigated using Japanese 25-year ReAnalysis (JRA25), a stand-alone atmospheric ...

Akira Kuwano-Yoshida; Bunmei Taguchi; Shang-Ping Xie

344

Krypton-85 in the atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement results are presented on 85Kr content in the atmosphere over the European part of Russia in 1971-1995 based on the analysis of the commercial krypton, which is separated from air by industrial plants. Our results are by 15 per cent lower then 85Kr activites observed over West Europe. According our prediction by 2030 85Kr content in the atmosphere over Europe will amount to 1,5-3 Bq in m3 air. Average 85Kr release to the atmosphere from regeneration of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) is estimated, some 180 TBq per a ton SNF. It is advisable to recommence monitoring of 85Kr content within Russia.

A. T. Korsakov; E. G. Tertyshnik

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

345

Krypton-85 in the atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement results are presented on 85Kr content in the atmosphere over the European part of Russia in 1971-1995 based on the analysis of the commercial krypton, which is separated from air by industrial plants. Our results are by 15 per cent lower then 85Kr activites observed over West Europe. According our prediction by 2030 85Kr content in the atmosphere over Europe will amount to 1,5-3 Bq in m3 air. Average 85Kr release to the atmosphere from regeneration of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) is estimated, some 180 TBq per a ton SNF. It is advisable to recommence monitoring of 85Kr content within Russia.

Korsakov, A T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Mountain Forces and the Atmospheric Energy Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although mountains are generally thought to exert forces on the atmosphere, the related transfers of energy between earth and atmosphere are not represented in standard energy equations of the atmosphere. It is shown that the axial rotation of the ...

Joseph Egger

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Light Emitting Diode (LED) fiducial system: Setup and operation  

SciTech Connect

Streak cameras, either electronic or rotating mirror, are common diagnostic tools used to explore very fast phenomena. Often they are used to precisely time events or durations, and in most cases, it is important to have quality time marks on the film record. Many methods have been used to introduce time marks onto the film. Exploding bridge wires are frequently used, but they light up slowly and are difficult to read with consistent accuracy. It is also difficult to put more than a few bridge wires in the view of a camera slit, so there are only a few timing marks written to the film. In some cases the time scale on the film must be interpolated over long distances, creating a significant loss of accuracy. Interpolation is especially troublesome with those cameras that have a nonlinear sweep rate. Spark gaps located on the camera slit turn on a bit faster, but suffer from the same interpolation induced errors. A series of short duration laser pulses, accurately timed and introduced along the edges of the film, is a very fine solution. The problem with such a laser fiducial system is that the lasers are very expensive and difficult to maintain. There has been a need for many years for an inexpensive, very bright light source that can be repetitively pulsed accurately and with short duration. Various technologies have sufficiently developed over the past few years, allowing us to build a fiducial system based on light emitting diodes (LED) for the Cordin rotating mirror streak cameras.

Muelder, S.A.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

City of Phildelphia: Light emitting diodes for traffic signal displays  

SciTech Connect

This project investigated the feasibility of using light emitting diodes (LEDs) for red traffic signals in a demonstration program at 27 signalized intersections in the City of Philadelphia. LED traffic signals have the potential to achieve significant savings over standard incandescent signals in terms of energy usage and costs, signal relamping costs, signal system maintenance costs, tort liability, and environmental impact. Based on successful experience with the demonstration program, the City of Philadelphia is currently developing funding for the conversion of all existing red incandescent traffic signals at approximately 2,700 intersections to LED signals. This program is expected to cost approximately $4.0 million and save about $850,000 annually in energy costs. During late 1993 and early 1994, 212 red LED traffic signals (134 8-inch signals and 78 12-inch signals) were installed at 27 intersections in Philadelphia. The first group of 93 signals were installed at 13 prototypical intersections throughout the City. The remaining group of signals were installed on a contiguous route in West Philadelphia consisting of standard incandescent signals and LED signals interspersed in a random pattern.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

White Light Emitting Diode Development for General Illumination Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a summary of technical achievements during a 3-year project aimed at developing the chip and packaging technology necessary to demonstrate efficient, high flux light-emitting diode (LED) arrays using Cree's gallium nitride/silicon carbide (GaN/SiC) LED technology as the starting point. Novel chip designs and fabrication processes are described that led to high power blue LEDs that achieved 310 mW of light output at 350 mA drive current, corresponding to quantum and wall plug efficiencies of 32.5% and 26.5%, respectively. When combined with phosphor, high power white LEDs with luminous output of 67 lumens and efficacy of 57 lumens per watt were also demonstrated. Advances in packaging technology are described that enabled compact, multi-chip white LED lamp modules with 800-1000 lumens output at efficacies of up to 55 lumens per watt. Lamp modules with junction-to-ambient thermal resistance as low as 1.7 C/watt have also been demonstrated.

James Ibbetson

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Glossary Term - Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Earth's Atmosphere Source: Definition of the U.S. Standard Atmosphere (1976) CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 77th Edition Gas Formula Abundance percent by volume...

351

A Computational Thermodynamic Analysis of Atmospheric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 2001 ... The vacuum atmosphere is typically 0.1 atm. However, the vacuum atmosphere creates two major problems: air leakage and batch operation to ...

352

The Workshop in Atmospheric Predictability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A workshop on the subject of atmospheric predictability was held during 23-25 April 2001 at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. Of primary concern was the nature of forecast uncertainty due to initial conditionuncertainty of ...

Ronald M. Errico; Rolf Langland; David P. Baumhefner

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

(Chemistry of the global atmosphere)  

SciTech Connect

The traveler attended the conference The Chemistry of the Global Atmosphere,'' and presented a paper on the anthropogenic emission of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) to the atmosphere. The conference included meetings of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) programme, a core project of the International Geosphere/Biosphere Programme (IGBP) and the traveler participated in meetings on the IGAC project Development of Global Emissions Inventories'' and agreed to coordinate the working group on CO{sub 2}. Papers presented at the conference focused on the latest developments in analytical methods, modeling and understanding of atmospheric CO{sub 2}, CO, CH{sub 4}, N{sub 2}O, SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, NMHCs, CFCs, and aerosols.

Marland, G.

1990-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

354

Precursors to atmospheric blocking events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmospheric blocking events disturb synoptic-scale features from their normal eastward progression, causing anomalous weather conditions for the duration of the blocking event. The essence of blocking can be captured by ...

Marino, Garrett P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Automated Measurements of Atmospheric Visibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of using a solid-state, linear-array imaging device coupled with computerized scene analysis and display to measure daytime atmospheric visibility is described. Computer software is implemented for routine conversion of observed ...

W. Viezee; W. E. Evans

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The Navy's Operational Atmospheric Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In January of 1988, significant upgrades were made to the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS). Among these improvements was the implementation of a multivariate optimum interpolation analysis scheme. Since that time, ...

James S. Goerss; Patricia A. Phoebus

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Stochastic Simulation of Atmospheric Trajectories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods are presented for generating an ensemble of synthetic atmospheric trajectories. These include methods for a set of independent trajectories, and methods for a correlated set of sequential trajectories. The models incorporate first-order ...

Mitchell J. Small; Perry J. Samson

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Atmospheric Water Vapor over China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chinese radiosonde data from 1970 to 1990 are relatively homogeneous in time and are used to examine the climatology, trends, and variability of China’s atmospheric water vapor content. The climatological distribution of precipitable water (PW) ...

Panmao Zhai; Robert E. Eskridge

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Three-color organic light-emitting diodes patterned by masked dye Florian Pschenitzka and J. C. Sturma)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-color organic light-emitting diodes patterned by masked dye diffusion Florian Pschenitzka of Physics. S0003-6951 99 02913-7 Organic light-emitting diodes OLEDs have demon- strated a remarkable

360

Optimization of light emitting diodes based on bipolar double-barrier resonant-tunneling structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A bipolar double-barrier resonant-tunneling light emitting diode will have maximum emitted light intensity if (1) electrons and holes simultaneously resonant-tunnel into the quantum well, (2) the charge carriers are entirely trapped in the well as the ... Keywords: Poisson equation, Schrodinger equation, automated computer code, bipolar double-barrier RTD structures, charge carriers, chemical compositions, doping profiles, electroluminescence, electroluminescence spectrum profile, electron-hole recombination, electron-hole recombination rate, geometric structures, light emitting diodes, near zero-field condition, optimisation, quantum well, resonant tunnelling diodes, resonant-tunneling LED, semiconductor device models, semiconductor quantum wells, temperature stability, theoretical modeling, thermal stability

A. Kindlihagen; K. A. Chao; M. Willander; J. Genoe

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Development of high power green light emitting diode dies in piezoelectric GaInN/GaN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of high power green light emitting diode dies in piezoelectric GaInN/GaN Christian in green light emitting diodes is one of the big challenges towards all-solid- state lighting. The prime,3], and commercialization [4,5] of high brightness light emitting diodes LEDs has led to a 1.82 Billion-$/year world market

Detchprohm, Theeradetch

362

Interface electronic structures of organic light-emitting diodes with WO3 interlayer: A study by photoelectron spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interface electronic structures of organic light-emitting diodes with WO3 interlayer: A study injec- tion and transport layers in an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) structure has been studied B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction OLEDs (organic light-emitting diodes) are display de

Kim, Sehun

363

Effect of carbazoleoxadiazole excited-state complexes on the efficiency of dye-doped light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a profound effect on the external quantum efficiency of dye-doped organic light-emitting diodes employing Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.1469692 I. INTRODUCTION Thin-film organic light-emitting diodes LEDsEffect of carbazole­oxadiazole excited-state complexes on the efficiency of dye-doped light-emitting

364

Intramolecular excimer emission as a blue light source in fluorescent organic light emitting diodes: a promising molecular design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intramolecular excimer emission as a blue light source in fluorescent organic light emitting diodes Light Emitting Diode (OLED), intermolecular p­p interactions should be usually suppressed to avoid any Emitting Diodes (SMOLEDs) is almost absent from the literature. In this work, three aryl-substituted Di

365

Wavelength-resolved low-frequency noise of GaInN/GaN green light emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wavelength-resolved low-frequency noise of GaInN/GaN green light emitting diodes S. L. Rumyantseva well light emitting diodes. The light intensity noise was measured as a function of wavelength within the light emitting diode spectral emission line. The spectral noise density is found to increase

Wetzel, Christian M.

366

4.2: Design of an Improved Pixel for a Polysilicon Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode Display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4.2: Design of an Improved Pixel for a Polysilicon Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode active matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) pixel with high pixel to pixel luminance uniformity such as organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) are presently of great interest due to their potential application

367

Journal of Light Emitting Diodes Vol 2 N0 1, April 2010 1 Abstract--Semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots (NQD)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Light Emitting Diodes Vol 2 N0 1, April 2010 1 Abstract-- Semiconductor nanocrystal convertors integrated on light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The use of nonradiative energy transfer, also known-LEDs for lighting applications. Index Terms-- Förster resonance energy transfer, light emitting diode, nanocrystal

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

368

Efficiency enhancement in a light-emitting diode with a two-dimensional surface grating photonic crystal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficiency enhancement in a light-emitting diode with a two-dimensional surface grating photonic 21 November 2003 We demonstrate a light-emitting diode exhibiting 1.7­2.7-fold enhancement in light light emitting diode LED , the ef- ficiency is limited to several percents by a low light extrac- tion

Baba, Toshihiko

369

Journal of Crystal Growth 298 (2007) 272275 Dislocation analysis in homoepitaxial GaInN/GaN light emitting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of GaInN/GaN-based light emitting diodes (LED) on quasi-bulk GaN with an atomically flat polished were much improved. The optical output power of the light emitting diode increased by more than one. Cathodoluminescence; A1. Threading dislocation density; A2. Homoepitaxial growth; B1. GaInN; B3. Light emitting diode

Wetzel, Christian M.

370

Polarization engineering via staggered InGaN quantum wells for radiative efficiency enhancement of light emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of light emitting diodes Ronald A. Arif, Yik-Khoon Ee, and Nelson Tansu Citation: Appl. Phys. Lett. 91 extraction in GaN-based light emitting diodes Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 061107 (2012) Electrically driven nanopyramid green light emitting diode Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 061106 (2012) Ultraviolet electroluminescence

Gilchrist, James F.

371

Junction temperature, spectral shift, and efficiency in GaInN-based blue and green light emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keywords: GaInN/GaN Light emitting diode temperature Micro-Raman Photoluminescence Electroluminescence well light emitting diode (LED) dies is analyzed by micro-Raman, photoluminescence, cathodoluminescenceJunction temperature, spectral shift, and efficiency in GaInN-based blue and green light emitting

Wetzel, Christian M.

372

Vacuum-free lamination of low work function cathode for efficient solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-coated organic light-emitting diode is transferred from a soft polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) mold by lamination, or blade coating [1,2] for organic light emitting diode (OLED) as well as solar cell. The top electrodeVacuum-free lamination of low work function cathode for efficient solution-processed organic light-emitting

Meng, Hsin-Fei

373

Discrete Steps in the Capacitance-Voltage Characteristics of GaInN/GaN Light Emitting Diode Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Discrete Steps in the Capacitance-Voltage Characteristics of GaInN/GaN Light Emitting Diode and GaInN/GaN heterostructures typically used for high efficiency light emitting diodes is of high materials for green, blue, and UV light emitting diodes (LED) [1-2]. It is known that huge piezoelectric

Wetzel, Christian M.

374

High-density organic light emitting diodes by nanoimprint technology Krutarth Trivedi, Caleb Nelson, Li Tao, Mathew Goeckner, Walter Hua)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-density organic light emitting diodes by nanoimprint technology Krutarth Trivedi, Caleb Nelson sources. Despite the considerable development of inorganic semiconductor based light emitting diodes of miniaturization to nanoscale. Organic light emitting diode (OLED) technology is immune to quantum confinement

Hu, Wenchuang "Walter"

375

Thickness-dependent changes in the optical properties of PPV-and PF-based polymer light emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the thickness-dependent optical properties of single layer polymer light emitting diodes for two materials, poly the electronic and optical properties of these materials in light emitting diode LED structures.2 OurThickness-dependent changes in the optical properties of PPV- and PF-based polymer light emitting

Carter, Sue

376

The fabrication of small molecule organic light-emitting diode pixels by laser-induced forward transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fabrication of small molecule organic light-emitting diode pixels by laser-induced forward online 23 January 2013) Laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT) is a versatile organic light-emitting diode, a modified LIFT process has been used to fabricate small molecule Alq3 organic light-emitting diodes (SMOLEDs

377

Sequential Printing by Laser-Induced Forward Transfer To Fabricate a Polymer Light-Emitting Diode Pixel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sequential Printing by Laser-Induced Forward Transfer To Fabricate a Polymer Light-Emitting Diode-1015, Lausanne, Switzerland ABSTRACT: Patterned deposition of polymer light-emitting diode (PLED Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have been investigated in detail for nearly a quarter of a century,1

378

Red-green-blue polymer light-emitting diode pixels printed by optimized laser-induced forward transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red-green-blue polymer light-emitting diode pixels printed by optimized laser-induced forward tri-color organic light-emitting diode (OLED) pixels. At reduced pressures, and with a defined donor already been used to fabricate basic small-molecule organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs)2,3 and polymeric

379

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instrument Cross-Comparisons and Automated Quality Instrument Cross-Comparisons and Automated Quality Control of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Data S. Moore and G. Hughes ATK Mission Research Santa Barbara, California Introduction Within the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) instrument network, several different systems often measure the same quantity at the same site. For example, several ARM instruments measure time- series profiles of the atmosphere that were previously available only from balloon-borne radiosonde systems. These instruments include the Radar Wind Profilers (RWP) with Radio-Acoustic Sounding Systems (RASS), the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI), the Microwave Radiometer Profiler (MWRP), and the Raman Lidar (RL). ARM researchers have described methods for direct

380

A comparison of atmospheric transport considerations in eastern and western oil shale operations  

SciTech Connect

Atmospheric transport represents one of the critically important pathways for the distribution of pollutants from any oil shale operation. Our experience in studying eastern and western shale resources and operation suggest many common features regarding the atmospheric domain, but also many significant differences. Any issue of atmospheric transport and dispersion can be broken down into major elements: source factors which include the spatial and temporal distribution of pollutant sources as well as their chemical and physical characteristics, boundary conditions which include the character of the underlying surface as a lower boundary and the large scale meteorological circulations as an ''upper'' boundary; and meteorological structure is the resulting wind, temperature, moisture, and turbulence environment in the volume of air occupied by emitted material in an atmosphere subjected to the boundary conditions described above. For purposes of planning an industry, we want to be able to reliably model the atmospheric structure on a variety of time and space scales and the subsequent distribution of pollutants. This paper discusses differences in modeling concepts and results in the separate environments of eastern and western oil shale resources. 10 refs., 5 figs.

Barr, S.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Synthesis and luminescence properties of rare earth activated phosphors for near UV-emitting LEDs for efficacious generation of white light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sun, Y. Luo, S. Lu. ?White light emitting diode by using a-silicates for near-UV light emitting diode applications,? J.Park, S.Y. Choi. ?White light-emitting diodes of GaN-based

Han, Jinkyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

ARM - Datastreams - aeri01summary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

summary summary Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025141 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AERI01SUMMARY Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) 01: summary data Active Dates 1995.07.22 - 2014.01.02 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Ambient blackbody temperature - apex K ABBapexTemp ( time ) Ambient blackbody temperature K ABBbottomTemp ( time ) Ambient blackbody temperature - rim top K ABBtopTemp ( time )

383

ARM - Datastreams - aeriengineer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamsaeriengineer Datastreamsaeriengineer Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025145 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AERIENGINEER Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): engineering data Active Dates 1997.10.21 - 2014.01.02 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Ambient blackbody temperature - apex K ABBapexTemp ( time ) Ambient Blackbody apex temperature weight /1 ABBapexTempWeight ( time ) Ambient blackbody temperature K ABBbottomTemp ( time )

384

ARM - Datastreams - aerich2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamsaerich2 Datastreamsaerich2 Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025144 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AERICH2 Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): channel 2 data Active Dates 1994.01.10 - 2014.01.02 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable AERI instrument unit serial number unitless AERIunitNumber ( time ) Observation Altitude m Altitude ( time ) Temperature of the AERI blackbody support structure K BBsupportStructureTemp ( time )

385

ARM - Datastreams - aerich1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamsaerich1 Datastreamsaerich1 Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025143 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : AERICH1 Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): channel 1 data Active Dates 1994.01.10 - 2014.01.02 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable AERI instrument unit serial number unitless AERI_unit_number AERI instrument unit serial number unitless AERIunitNumber ( time ) Observation Altitude m Altitude ( time )

386

Vision Office Products  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.1 1.1 The History of the University of Wisconsin Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Prototype During the Period April 1994 Through July 1995 June 1999 (Manuscript received November 1995, in final form December 1995) R. Knuteson B. Whitney H. Revercomb F. Best Prepared by the Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin - Madison Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research, Office of Health and Environmental Research Knuteson et al., June 1999, ARM TR-001.1 iii Abstract This document describes reprocessing of data collected with the University of Wisconsin (UW) Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) prototype at the U.S. Department of Energy

387

CDIAC Atmospheric Moisture Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Moisture Atmospheric Moisture CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Atmospheric Moisture Data Global Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Extended Edited Synoptic Cloud Reports from Ships and Land Stations Over the Globe, 1952-2009 (CDIAC NDP-026C) C.J. Hahn, S.G. Warren, and R. Eastman Six-hourly synoptic observations of dew point depression (combined with air temperature) Land 1971-2009; Ocean 1952-2008 Regional Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Six- and Three-Hourly Meteorological Observations from 223 Former U.S.S.R. Stations (CDIAC NDP-048) V. Razuvaev et al. Surface stations; 6- and 3-hourly observations of relative humidity, vapor pressure, humidity deficit, and dew point temperature Varies by station; through 2000

388

CDIAC Atmospheric Pressure Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Pressure Atmospheric Pressure CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Atmospheric Pressure Data Global Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 1 (CDIAC NDP-041) R.S. Vose et al. Surface stations; monthly mean sea-level pressure Varies by station; through 1990 Extended Edited Synoptic Cloud Reports from Ships and Land Stations Over the Globe, 1952-2009 (CDIAC NDP-026C) C.J. Hahn, S.G. Warren, and R. Eastman Six-hourly synoptic observations of sea-level pressure Land 1971-2009; Ocean 1952-2008 Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 2 (Note: the above link takes you to NOAA's National Climatic Data Center website.) R.S. Vose et al. Surface stations; monthly mean sea-level pressure Varies by station; some through most recent month

389

National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NARAC TOC NARAC TOC The National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center, NARAC, provides tools and services to the Federal Government, that map the probable spread of hazardous material accidentally or intentionally released into the atmosphere. NARAC provides atmospheric plume predictions in time for an emergency manager to decide if taking protective action is necessary to protect the health and safety of people in affected areas. Located at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, NARAC is a national support and resource center for planning, real-time assessment, emergency response, and detailed studies of incidents involving a wide variety of hazards, including nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological, and natural emissions. In an emergency situation (if lives are at risk), event-specific NARAC

390

atmospheric pressure | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pressure pressure Dataset Summary Description (Abstract):Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords atmospheric pressure climate NASA SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 46 MiB)

391

passivation of InGaN/GaN nanopillar light emitting diodes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Recently, InGaN/GaN based blue light emitting diodes (LEDs) have become widely available commercially, but their efficiency is reduced due to the quantum confined Stark effect… (more)

Choi, Won

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

EFFECTS OF EXEMPTIONS FOR LOW-EMITTING VEHICLES IN MANAGED LANE USE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A simulation-based study was conducted to investigate the effects of exempting low-emitting vehicles (specifically hybrids and E85 alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs)) from occupancy requirements in… (more)

Qi, Bing

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Annual Cycle and Spatial Spectra of Earth Emitted Radiation at Large Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly averaged, resolution enhanced global distributions of the Earth's emitted radiation, as measured by the Nimbus-6 Earth Radiation Budget (ERB) wide field of view radiometers, have been analyzed for 1 year of data from July 1975 to June ...

G. Louis Smith; T. Dale Bess

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals as nanoscale emissive probes in light emitting diodes and cell biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis employs colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) as nanoscale emissive probes to investigate the physics of light emitting diodes (LEDs), as well as to unveil properties of cells that conventional imaging ...

Huang, Hao, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Inertia–Gravity Waves Emitted from Balanced Flow: Observations, Properties, and Consequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes laboratory observations of inertia–gravity waves emitted from balanced fluid flow. In a rotating two-layer annulus experiment, the wavelength of the inertia–gravity waves is very close to the deformation radius. Their ...

Paul D. Williams; Thomas W. N. Haine; Peter L. Read

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Physical properties and design of light-emitting devices based on organic materials and nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the detailed experimental and theoretical characterization of light-emitting devices (LEDs) based on organic semiconductors and colloidal quantum dots (QDs). This hybrid material system has several ...

Anikeeva, Polina Olegovna

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Tailoring optical properties of light-emitting diodes by nanostructuring with nanospheres.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???III-V nitride based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have experienced rapid developments during past decade, proving their potential to substitute conventional incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lamps to… (more)

??

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Climate effects of seasonally varying Biomass Burning emitted Carbonaceous Aerosols (BBCA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The climate impact of the seasonality of Biomass Burning emitted Carbonaceous Aerosols (BBCA) is studied using an aerosol-climate model coupled with a slab ocean model in a set of 60-year long simulations, driven by BBCA ...

Jeong, Gill-Ran

399

Development of monolithic CMOS-compatible visible light emitting diode arrays on silicon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The synergies associated with integrating Si-based CMOS ICs and III-V-material-based light-emitting devices are very exciting and such integration has been an active area of research and development for quite some time ...

Chilukuri, Kamesh

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Method and apparatus for improving the performance of light emitting diodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for increasing the resistance of a light emitting diode and other semiconductor devices to extremes of temperature is disclosed. During the manufacture of the light emitting diode, a liquid coating is applied to the light emitting die after the die has been placed in its lead frame. After the liquid coating has been placed on the die and its lead frames, a thermosetting encapsulant material is placed over the coating. The operation that cures the thermosetting material leaves the coating liquid intact. As the die and the encapsulant expand and contract at different rates with respect to changes in temperature, and as in known light emitting diodes the encapsulating material adheres to the die and lead frames, this liquid coating reduces the stresses that these different rates of expansion and contraction normally cause by eliminating the adherence of the encapsulating material to the die and frame.

Lowery, Christopher H. (Fremont, CA); McElfresh, David K. (Union City, CA); Burchet, Steve (Cedar Crest, NM); Adolf, Douglas B. (Albuquerque, NM); Martin, James (Tijeras, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A strategy for the use of light emitting diodes by autonomous underwater vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light Emitting Diode (LED) technology has advanced dramatically in a few short years. An expensive and difficult to manufacture LED array containing nearly 100 individual LEDs and measuring at least 5 cm˛ can now be replaced ...

Curran, Joseph R. (Joseph Robinson)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Developing quantum dot phosphor-based light-emitting diodes for aviation lighting applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have investigated the feasibility of employing quantum dot (QD) phosphor-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in aviation applications that request Night Vision Imaging Systems (NVIS) compliance. Our studies suggest that the emerging QD phosphorbased ...

Fengbing Wu; Dawei Zhang; Shuzhen Shang; Yiming Zhu; Songlin Zhuang; Jian Xu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Aspects of charge recombination and charge transport in organic solar cells and light-emitting devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, aspects of charge reconbination and charge transport in organic solar cells and light-emitting devices are presented. These devices show promise relative to traditional inorganic semiconductors. We show ...

Difley, Seth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Fabrication and optimization of light emitting devices with core-shell quantum dots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum dot light emitting devices (QD-LEDs) are promising options for the next generation of solid state lighting, color displays, and other optoelectronic applications. Overcoating quantum dots (QDs) -- semiconducting ...

Song, Katherine Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Storage of charge carriers on emitter molecules in organic light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) using the red phosphorescent emitter iridium(III)bis(2-methyldibenzo[f,h]quinoxaline) (acetylacetonate) [Ir(MDQ)[subscript 2](acac)] are studied by time-resolved electroluminescence ...

Reineke, Sebastian

406

Efficiency loss mechanisms in colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saturated and tunable emission colors make colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes (QD-LEDs) interesting for the next generation of display and lighting technologies. However, there still remain various hurdles to the ...

Shirasaki, Yasuhiro

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Components, production processes, and recommendations for future research in organic light emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) are small, optoelectronic devices that can be used in the production of energy-efficient, high definition displays in cell phones, computers, and televisions. These devices have great ...

Hunting, Lindsay (Lindsay E.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Room-temperature direct bandgap electroluminesence from Ge-on-Si light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report what we believe to be the first demonstration of direct bandgap electroluminescence (EL) from Ge/Si heterojunction light-emitting diodes (LEDs) at room temperature. In-plane biaxial tensile strain is used to ...

Sun, Xiaochen

409

Section 11  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Implications for Atmospheric State Specification from the Implications for Atmospheric State Specification from the AERI/LBLRTM Quality Measurement Experiment and the MWR/LBLRTM Quality Measurement Experiment S.A. Clough and P.D. Brown Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Cambridge, Massachusetts J.C. Liljegren, T.R. Shippert, and D.D. Turner Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington R.O. Knuteson, H.E. Revercomb, and W.L. Smith University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin Introduction The ongoing Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI)/Line By Line Radiative Transfer Model (LBLRTM) Quality Measurement Experiment (QME), in which the spectral residuals between the downwelling longwave radiance measured by the University of Wisconsin AERI at the Central Facility of the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site and

410

Improved property in organic light-emitting diode utilizing two Al/Alq3 layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We reported on the fabrication of organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) utilizing the two Al/Alq"3 layers and two electrodes. This novel green device with structure of Al(110nm)/tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (Alq"3)(65nm)/Al(110nm)/Alq"3(50nm)/N,N'-dipheny1-N, ... Keywords: Emitting layer, OLEDS, Transporting layer

Chunlin Zhang; Su Liu; Fangcong Wang; Yong Zhang

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Program Considerations for Addressing Alpha Emitting Radionuclides at Nuclear Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a technical reference for assessing the magnitude and potential dose impact of alpha emitting nuclides at nuclear power plants with elevated levels of alpha contamination. Since alpha emitting nuclides are not always easy to detect and can have serious health consequences, quantifying their presence and assessing their impact can be important. This report provides several options for modifying a radiation protection program to address elevated levels of alpha contamination.

2001-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

412

One-Dimensional Variational Data Assimilation of SSM/I Observations in Rainy Atmospheres at MSC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, satellite radiances in the Canadian Meteorological Centre operational data assimilation system are only assimilated in clear skies. A two-step method, developed at the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, is considered ...

G. Deblonde; J-F. Mahfouf; B. Bilodeau; D. Anselmo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Neural network Jacobian analysis for high-resolution profiling of the atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neural networks have been widely used to provide retrievals of geophysical parameters from spectral radiance measurements made remotely by air-, ground-, and space-based sensors. The advantages of retrievals based on neural ...

Blackwell, William J.

414

Quality Assurance in Atmospheric Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes a number of best practices associated with the use of numerical models of the atmosphere and is motivated by the rapid growth in the number of model users, who have a range of scientific and technical preparations. An underlying ...

Thomas T. Warner

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Geomagnetic Effects on Atmospheric Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geomagnetic effects distort the zenith angle distribution of sub--GeV and few--GeV atmospheric neutrinos, breaking the up--down symmetry that would be present in the absence of neutrino oscillations and without a geomagnetic field. The geomagnetic effects also produce a characteristic azimuthal dependence of the $\

Paolo Lipari; T. K. Gaisser; Todor Stanev

1998-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

416

A Fast Line-by-Line Method for Atmospheric Absorption Computations: The Automatized Atmospheric Absorption Atlas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computationally fast line-by-line method for the determination of atmospheric absorption is described. This method is based on the creation of an Automatized Atmospheric Absorption Atlas (4A) covering all possible plausible atmospheric ...

N. A. Scott; A. Chedin

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Climate Impacts of Atmospheric Sulfate and Black Carbon Aerosols  

SciTech Connect

Although the global average surface temperature has increased by about 0.6°C during the last century (IPCC, 2001), some regions such as East Asia, Eastern North America, and Western Europe have cooled rather than warmed during the past decades (Jones, 1988; Qian and Giorgi, 2000). Coherent changes at the regional scale may reflect responses to different climate forcings that need to be understood in order to predict the future net climate response at the global and regional scales under different emission scenarios. Atmospheric aerosols play an important role in global climate change (IPCC 2001). They perturb the earth’s radiative budget directly by scattering and absorbing solar and long wave radiation, and indirectly by changing cloud reflectivity, lifetime, and precipitation efficiency via their role as cloud condensation nuclei. Because aerosols have much shorter lifetime (days to weeks) compared to most greenhouse gases, they tend to concentrate near their emission sources and distribute very unevenly both in time and space. This non-uniform distribution of aerosols, in conjunction with the greenhouse effect, may lead to differential net heating in some areas and net cooling in others (Penner et al. 1994). Sulfate aerosols come mainly from the oxidation of sulfur dioxide (SO2) emitted from fossil fuel burning. Black carbon aerosols are directly emitted during incomplete combustion of biomass, coal, and diesel derived sources. Due to the different optical properties, sulfate and black carbon affect climate in different ways. Because of the massive emissions of sulfur and black carbon that accompany the rapid economic expansions in East Asia, understanding the effects of aerosols on climate is particularly important scientifically and politically in order to develop adaptation and mitigation strategies.

Qian, Yun; Song, Qingyuan; Menon, Surabi; Yu, Shaocai; Liu, Shaw C.; Shi, Guangyu; Leung, Lai R.; Luo, Yunfeng

2008-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

418

High-energy atmospheric neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-energy neutrinos, arising from decays of mesons that were produced through the cosmic rays collisions with air nuclei, form unavoidable background noise in the astrophysical neutrino detection problem. The atmospheric neutrino flux above 1 PeV should be supposedly dominated by the contribution of charmed particle decays. These (prompt) neutrinos originated from decays of massive and shortlived particles, $D^\\pm$, $D^0$, $\\bar{D}{}^0$, $D_s^\\pm$, $\\Lambda^+_c$, form the most uncertain fraction of the high-energy atmospheric neutrino flux because of poor explored processes of the charm production. Besides, an ambiguity in high-energy behavior of pion and especially kaon production cross sections for nucleon-nucleus collisions may affect essentially the calculated neutrino flux. There is the energy region where above flux uncertainties superimpose. A new calculation presented here reveals sizable differences, up to the factor of 1.8 above 1 TeV, in muon neutrino flux predictions obtained with usage of known hadronic models, SIBYLL 2.1 and QGSJET-II. The atmospheric neutrino flux in the energy range $10-10^7$ GeV was computed within the 1D approach to solve nuclear cascade equations in the atmosphere, which takes into account non-scaling behavior of the inclusive cross-sections for the particle production, the rise of total inelastic hadron-nucleus cross-sections and nonpower-law character of the primary cosmic ray spectrum. This approach was recently tested in the atmospheric muon flux calculations [1]. The results of the neutrino flux calculations are compared with the Frejus, AMANDA-II and IceCube measurement data.

S. I. Sinegovsky; A. A. Kochanov; T. S. Sinegovskaya

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

419

Generation of Turbulence by Atmospheric Gravity Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard current criterion for the generation of turbulence by atmospheric gravity waves and for the associated limitation on wave growth is based upon the standard criterion for static instability of the unperturbed atmosphere, namely, that ...

Colin O. Hines

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

AMIP: The Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP) is an international effort to determine the systematic climate errors of atmospheric models under realistic conditions, and calls for the simulation of the climate of the decade 1979–1988 using ...

W. Lawrence Gates

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Retrieval of atmospheric properties of extrasolar planets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new method to retrieve molecular abundances and temperature profiles from exoplanet atmosphere photometry and spectroscopy. Our method allows us to run millions of 1-D atmosphere models in order to cover the ...

Nikku, Madhusudhan, 1980-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Interannual Variation of Global Atmospheric Angular Momentum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative atmospheric angular momentum (RAM) integrated over the globe is an explicit variable representing the state of the atmospheric general circulation. After removing the annual, semiannual, and higher-frequency components, the filtered ...

Tsing-Chang Chen; Joseph J. Tribbia; Ming-Cheng Yen

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Statistics Education in the Atmospheric Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analyses of atmospheric sciences data and models are heavily dependent upon statistical and probabilistic reasoning. Statistical methods have played an important role in establishing physical relationships of atmosphere-ocean-land interactions ...

Timothy J. Brown; L. Mark Berliner; Daniel S. Wilks; Michael B. Richman; Christopher K. Wilke

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Atmospheric Control on the Thermohaline Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an attempt to elucidate the role of atmospheric and oceanic processes in setting a vigorous ocean overturning circulation in the North Atlantic but not in the North Pacific, a comparison of the observed atmospheric circulation and net surface ...

Arnaud Czaja

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The Promise of GPS in Atmospheric Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of applications of the Global Positioning System (GPS) for active measurement of the Earth's atmosphere. Microwave radio signals transmitted by GPS satellites are delayed (refracted) by the atmosphere as they ...

Steven Businger; Steven R. Chiswell; Michael Bevis; Jingping Duan; Richard A. Anthes; Christian Rocken; Randolph H. Ware; Michael Exner; T. VanHove; Fredrick S. Solheim

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Testing and Evaluating Atmospheric Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model validation is a crucial process that underpins model development and gives confidence to the results from running models. This article discusses a range of techniques for validating atmosphere models given that the atmosphere is chaotic and incompletely ...

Vicky Pope; Terry Davies

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Sulfuryl fluoride in the global atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first calibrated high-frequency, high-precision, in situ atmospheric and archived air measurements of the fumigant sulfuryl fluoride (SO[subscript 2]F[subscript 2]) have been made as part of the Advanced Global Atmospheric ...

Muhle, J.

428

Dynamical Processes of Equatorial Atmospheric Angular Momentum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamical processes that drive intraseasonal equatorial atmospheric angular momentum (EAAM) fluctuations are examined with the National Centers for Environmental Prediction–National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP–NCAR) reanalysis data. ...

Steven B. Feldstein

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

VALDRIFT—A Valley Atmospheric Dispersion Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

VALDRIFT (valley drift) is a valley atmospheric transport, diffusion, and deposition model. The model is phenomenological—that is, the dominant meteorological processes governing the behavior of the valley atmosphere are formulated explicitly in ...

K. Jerry Allwine; Xindi Bian; C. David Whiteman; Harold W. Thistle

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A Spontaneously Generated Tropical Atmospheric General Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of idealized atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) experiments are presented. These experiments examine whether and how atmospheric deep moist convection, in the absence of meridional gradients in external forcing, interacts with ...

Ben P. Kirtman; Edwin K. Schneider

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Atmospheric Turbidity in the Polar Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis is presented of 800 measurements of atmospheric monochromatic aerosol optical depth made poleward of 65° latitude. The atmosphere of the southern polar region appears to be uncontaminated but is charged with a background aerosol having ...

Glenn E. Shaw

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Advanced Atmospheric Modeling for Emergency Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric transport and diffusion models are an important part of emergency response systems for industrial facilities that have the potential to release significant quantities of toxic or radioactive material into the atmosphere. An advanced ...

Jerome D. Fast; B. Lance O'steen; Robert P. Addis

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Generation of negative ions in the gas phase from a 12CaO{center_dot}7Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} membrane-coated ceramic heater under atmospheric pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

12CaO{center_dot}7Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (C12A7) crystal is able to generate strong and high purity oxygen anion (O{sup -}) beam under reduced pressure. However, the emission of O{sup -} or related species under atmospheric pressure has not been evaluated. In this study, the characteristics of negative ion species emissions from the C12A7 membrane-coated ceramic heater under atmospheric pressure were investigated by quadrupole mass spectrometer. Negative ion species were confirmed to be emitted even under atmospheric pressure. It was supposed that the detected negative ion clusters, such as O{sup -}(H{sub 2}O){sub n}, O{sub 2}{sup -}(H{sub 2}O){sub n}, and CO{sub 4}{sup -}(H{sub 2}O){sub n}, were generated by the reaction of negative ions emitted from the heater with impurities in He gas.

Yamamoto, Mitsuo [College of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8902 (Japan); Shima, Akio [Department of Chemical System Engineering, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Nishioka, Masateru [Research Center for Compact Chemical Process, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Miyagi 983-8551 (Japan); Sadakata, Masayoshi [Department of Environmental Chemical Engineering, Kogakuin University, Tokyo 192-0015 (Japan)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1993 to the DOE Office of Energy Research. Part 3: Atmospheric and climate research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) atmospheric sciences and carbon dioxide research programs provide the DOE with scientifically defensible information on the local, regional, and global distributions of energy-related pollutants and their effects on climate. PNL has had a long history of technical leadership in the atmospheric sciences research programs within OHER. Within the Environmental Sciences Division of OHER, the Atmospheric Chemistry Program continues DOE`s long-term commitment to understanding the local, regional, and global effects of energy-related air pollutants. Research through direct measurement, numerical modeling, and analytical studies in the Atmospheric Chemistry Program emphasizes the long-range transport, chemical transformation, and removal of emitted pollutants, photochemically produced oxidant species, nitrogen-reservoir species, and aerosols. The atmospheric studies in Complex Terrain Program applies basic research on atmospheric boundary layer structure and evolution over inhomogeneous terrain to DOE`s site-specific and generic mission needs in site safety, air quality, and climate change. Research at PNL provides basic scientific underpinnings to DOE`s program of global climate research. Research projects within the core carbon dioxide and ocean research programs are now integrated with those in the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements, the Computer Hardware, Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics, and Quantitative Links program to form DOE`s contribution to the US Global Change Research Program. The description of ongoing atmospheric and climate research at PNL is organized in two broad research areas: atmospheric research; and climate research. This report describes the progress in fiscal year 1993 in each of these areas. Individual papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the appropriate data bases.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Quantitative determination of atmospheric hydroperoxyl radical  

SciTech Connect

A method for the quantitative determination of atmospheric hydroperoxyl radical comprising: (a) contacting a liquid phase atmospheric sample with a chemiluminescent compound which luminesces on contact with hydroperoxyl radical; (b) determining luminescence intensity from the liquid phase atmospheric sample; and (c) comparing said luminescence intensity from the liquid phase atmospheric sample to a standard luminescence intensity for hydroperoxyl radical. An apparatus for automating the method is also included.

Springston, Stephen R. (Upton, NY); Lloyd, Judith (Westbury, NY); Zheng, Jun (Stony Brook, NY)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

436

INHIBITION OF METHANE ATMOSPHERIC FLAMES BY ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... atmospheric pressure was studied. The burner temperature was maintained at 65 “C by using a thermostat. The volumetric velocity ...

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

437

North Carolina Refinery Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

North Carolina Refinery Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Calendar Day)

438

Detecting atmospheric rivers in large climate datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme precipitation events on the western coast of North America are often traced to an unusual weather phenomenon known as atmospheric rivers. Although these storms may provide a significant fraction of the total water to the highly managed western ... Keywords: atmospheric rivers, automatic detection of atmospheric rivers, connected component labeling, extreme climate events

Surendra Byna; Prabhat; Michael F. Wehner; Kesheng John Wu

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

DOE Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Light-emitting diode (LED) lighting is a type of solid-state lighting that uses a semiconductor to convert electricity to light. LED lighting products are beginning to appear in a wide variety of home, business, and industrial products such as holiday lighting, replacement bulbs for incandescent lamps, street lighting, outdoor area lighting and indoor ambient lighting. Over the past decade, LED technology research and development supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has yielded impressive improvements in the cost, color performance, light output, efficacy, reliability, lifetime, and manufacturability of LED products and this upward trend is expected to continue. Read about the latest DOE research, the technology behind LEDs,

440

Energy Savings Estimates of Light Emitting Diodes in Niche Lighting Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Savings Estimates of Light Emitting Diodes Savings Estimates of Light Emitting Diodes in Niche Lighting Applications Prepared for: Building Technologies Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Prepared by: Navigant Consulting Inc. 1801 K Street, NW Suite 500 Washington DC, 20006 September 2008 * Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Energy Savings Estimates of Light Emitting Diodes in Niche Lighting Applications Released: September 2008 Revised: October 2008 This DOE report presents research findings for twelve different niche markets where LEDs are competing or poised to compete with traditional light sources (e.g., incandescent and fluorescent). Estimates of the energy saved due to current levels of LED market penetration as well as estimates of potential energy savings if these markets switched completely to LEDs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Understanding Drooping Light Emitting Diodes CEEM | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Understanding Drooping Light Emitting Understanding Drooping Light Emitting Diodes CEEM Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights Highlight Archives News & Events Publications Contact BES Home 04.27.12 Understanding Drooping Light Emitting Diodes CEEM Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Scientific Achievement New calculations demonstrate that LED "droop" is dominated by multi-particle interactions. Droop occurs when increasing energy input does not produce proportionally more light. Significance and Impact Understanding "droop" may result in cheaper, more efficient LEDs; LEDs are more energy efficient, smaller, and longer-lived than incandescent lamps or fluorescent lighting. Research Details Atomistic first-principles calculations indicated that increasing amounts

442

Energy Department Assisting Launch of Low Greenhouse Gas-Emitting Jet  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Assisting Launch of Low Greenhouse Gas-Emitting Energy Department Assisting Launch of Low Greenhouse Gas-Emitting Jet Fuels Energy Department Assisting Launch of Low Greenhouse Gas-Emitting Jet Fuels November 20, 2013 - 8:54am Addthis USAF photo by Senior Airman Matthew Bruch. USAF photo by Senior Airman Matthew Bruch. Did you know? The US Air Force has made energy efficiency an important aspect of their work. In 2006, the Air Force set a goal of reducing aviation fuel consumption 10 percent by 2015; a goal that they have already exceeded. The Department of Energy recognized the Air Force this August with a 2013 Federal Energy Management Program Award. On behalf of the Department of Defense and the U.S. Air Force, the Energy Department is seeking research projects that would lead to the commercial production of coal-derived jet fuel. Creating jet fuels from coal

443

Light emitting diode with high aspect ratio submicron roughness for light extraction and methods of forming  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The surface morphology of an LED light emitting surface is changed by applying a reactive ion etch (RIE) process to the light emitting surface. High aspect ratio, submicron roughness is formed on the light emitting surface by transferring a thin film metal hard-mask having submicron patterns to the surface prior to applying a reactive ion etch process. The submicron patterns in the metal hard-mask can be formed using a low cost, commercially available nano-patterned template which is transferred to the surface with the mask. After subsequently binding the mask to the surface, the template is removed and the RIE process is applied for time duration sufficient to change the morphology of the surface. The modified surface contains non-symmetric, submicron structures having high aspect ratio which increase the efficiency of the device.

Li, Ting (Ventura, CA)

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

444

Light emitting diode with high aspect ratio submicron roughness for light extraction and methods of forming  

SciTech Connect

The surface morphology of an LED light emitting surface is changed by applying a reactive ion etch (RIE) process to the light emitting surface. High aspect ratio, submicron roughness is formed on the light emitting surface by transferring a thin film metal hard-mask having submicron patterns to the surface prior to applying a reactive ion etch process. The submicron patterns in the metal hard-mask can be formed using a low cost, commercially available nano-patterned template which is transferred to the surface with the mask. After subsequently binding the mask to the surface, the template is removed and the RIE process is applied for time duration sufficient to change the morphology of the surface. The modified surface contains non-symmetric, submicron structures having high aspect ratio which increase the efficiency of the device.

Li, Ting

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

445

DC sputtered indium-tin oxide transparent cathode for organic light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—The performance of top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes depends not just on the choice of the transparent cathodes but also on their techniques of formation. Compared to the damage induced by radio frequency sputtering of indium-tin oxide cathode, that induced by dc sputtering was verified to be less severe and relatively independent of the sputtering power. Consequently, a high dc sputtering power of 120 W could be employed to achieve a high deposition rate of 0.1 nm/s. Adequate emission efficiency was maintained, even with a relatively thin 7-nm copper (II) phthalocyanine buffer layer. Index Terms—Indium-tin oxide, organic light-emitting diodes, sputtering, top-emission, transparent cathode. I.

Haiying Chen; Chengfeng Qiu; Man Wong; Hoi Sing Kwok

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Atmospheric pre-corrected differential absorption techniques to retrieve columnar water vapor: Theory and simulations  

SciTech Connect

Two different approaches exist to retrieve columnar water vapor from imaging spectrometer data: (1) Differential absorption techniques based on: (a) Narrow-Wide (N/W) ratio between overlapping spectrally wide and narrow channels (b) Continuum Interpolated Band Ratio (CIBR) between a measurement channel and the weighted sum of two reference channels; and (2) Non-linear fitting techniques which are based on spectral radiative transfer calculations. The advantage of the first approach is computational speed and of the second, improved retrieval accuracy. Our goal was to improve the accuracy of the first technique using physics based on radiative transfer. Using a modified version of the Duntley equation, we derived an {open_quote}Atmospheric Pre-corrected Differential Absorption{close_quote} (APDA) technique and described an iterative scheme to retrieve water vapor on a pixel-by-pixel basis. Next we compared both, the CIBR and the APDA using the Duntley equation for MODTRAN3 computed irradiances, transmissions and path radiance (using the DISORT option). This simulation showed that the CIBR is very sensitive to reflectance effects and that the APDA performs much better. An extensive data set was created with the radiative transfer code 6S over 379 different ground reflectance spectra. The calculated relative water vapor error was reduced significantly for the APDA. The APDA technique had about 8% (vs. over 35% for the CIBR) of the 379 spectra with a relative water vapor error of greater than {+-}5%. The APDA has been applied to 1991 and 1995 AVIRIS scenes which visually demonstrate the improvement over the CIBR technique.

Borel, C.C.; Schlaepfer, D.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Photonic crystal laser lift-off GaN light-emitting diodes Aurlien David,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photonic crystal laser lift-off GaN light-emitting diodes Aurélien David,a Tetsuo Fujii,b Brendan March 2006 We report on the fabrication and study of laser lift-off GaN-based light-emitting diodes-state lighting. However, as is the case for any light-emitting diode LED , light tends to be trapped in the high

Recanati, Catherine

448

Rapid Scan AERI Observations: Benefits and Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rapid Scan AERI Observations: Benefits and Analysis Rapid Scan AERI Observations: Benefits and Analysis W. F. Feltz, D. D. Turner, R. O. Knuteson, and R. G. Dedecker Space Science and Engineering Center Cooperative Institute of Mesoscale Meteorological Studies University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin D. D. Turner Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program has funded the development of the atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI). This has led to a hardened, autonomous system that measures downwelling infrared (IR) radiance at high-spectral resolution. Seven AERI systems have been deployed around the world as part of the ARM Program. The initial goal of these instruments was to characterize the clear-sky IR emission from the atmosphere,

449

SciTech Connect: "light emitting diode"  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

"light emitting diode" Find "light emitting diode" Find How should I search Scitech Connect ... Basic or Advanced? Basic Search Advanced Ă— Advanced Search Options Full Text: Bibliographic Data: Creator / Author: Name Name ORCID Title: Subject: Identifier Numbers: Research Org.: Sponsoring Org.: Site: All Alaska Power Administration, Juneau, Alaska (United States) Albany Research Center (ARC), Albany, OR (United States) Albuquerque Complex - NNSA Albuquerque Operations Office, Albuquerque, NM (United States) Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium, Amarillo, TX (United States) Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States) Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States) Argonne National Laboratory-Advanced Photon Source (United States) Atlanta Regional Office,

450

Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Composition and Reactions of Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Print Wednesday, 29 June 2005 00:00 Microscopic aerosol particles in the atmosphere contain carbonaceous components from mineral dust and combustion emissions released from around the world. How long these tiny particles remain in the atmosphere can have a huge impact on the global climate. Measurements based on high-resolution scanning transmission x-ray images obtained at the ALS have revealed chemical reactions on and in atmospheric aerosol particles that caused particle growth while changing organic composition by 13 to 24% per day, an oxidation rate significantly slower than is currently used in atmospheric models. Since oxidation has a strong effect on particle lifetime in the atmosphere, these results will help climate scientists refine the computer models used to predict climate change.

451

Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Print Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Print Microscopic aerosol particles in the atmosphere contain carbonaceous components from mineral dust and combustion emissions released from around the world. How long these tiny particles remain in the atmosphere can have a huge impact on the global climate. Measurements based on high-resolution scanning transmission x-ray images obtained at the ALS have revealed chemical reactions on and in atmospheric aerosol particles that caused particle growth while changing organic composition by 13 to 24% per day, an oxidation rate significantly slower than is currently used in atmospheric models. Since oxidation has a strong effect on particle lifetime in the atmosphere, these results will help climate scientists refine the computer models used to predict climate change.

452

Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Print Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Print Microscopic aerosol particles in the atmosphere contain carbonaceous components from mineral dust and combustion emissions released from around the world. How long these tiny particles remain in the atmosphere can have a huge impact on the global climate. Measurements based on high-resolution scanning transmission x-ray images obtained at the ALS have revealed chemical reactions on and in atmospheric aerosol particles that caused particle growth while changing organic composition by 13 to 24% per day, an oxidation rate significantly slower than is currently used in atmospheric models. Since oxidation has a strong effect on particle lifetime in the atmosphere, these results will help climate scientists refine the computer models used to predict climate change.

453

Green Light-Emitting Diode Makes Highly Efficient White Light; The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet describing NREL's green light emitting diode that can lead to higher efficiency white light used in indoor lighting applications.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode Roadway Lighting on the FDR Drive in New York, New York  

SciTech Connect

This a report about a field study of light-emitting diodes street lights by four different manufacturers installed on the FDR Drive in New York City, NY.

Myer, Michael; Hazra, Oindrila; Kinzey, Bruce R.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Matrix-addressable III-nitride light emitting diode arrays on silicon substrates by flip-chip technology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??xiv, 81 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm HKUST Call Number: Thesis ECED 2007 Keung Matrix-addressable light emitting diode (LED) micro-arrays on sapphire substrates have… (more)

Keung, Chi Wing

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

The Effect of Light Emitting Diode Phototherapy on the Rate of Orthodontic Tooth Movement - A Clinical Study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increasing the rate of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) can reduce risks such as periodontal disease and caries. This study investigated whether light emitting diode (LED)… (more)

Chung, Sean

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Acoustic Waves in the Turbulent Atmosphere: A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject of atmospheric acoustics and its role in atmospheric research and in development of modern methods of ground-based remote sensing of the atmosphere are outlined. A historical overview of investigations of the effect of atmospheric ...

M. A. Kallistratova

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Regional Ecosystem-Atmosphere CO2 Exchange Via Atmospheric Budgets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inversions of atmospheric CO2 mixing ratio measurements to determine CO2 sources and sinks are typically limited to coarse spatial and temporal resolution. This limits our ability to evaluate efforts to upscale chamber- and stand-level CO2 flux measurements to regional scales, where coherent climate and ecosystem mechanisms govern the carbon cycle. As a step towards the goal of implementing atmospheric budget or inversion methodology on a regional scale, a network of five relatively inexpensive CO2 mixing ratio measurement systems was deployed on towers in northern Wisconsin. Four systems were distributed on a circle of roughly 150-km radius, surrounding one centrally located system at the WLEF tower near Park Falls, WI. All measurements were taken at a height of 76 m AGL. The systems used single-cell infrared CO2 analyzers (Licor, model LI-820) rather than the siginificantly more costly two-cell models, and were calibrated every two hours using four samples known to within ± 0.2 ppm CO2. Tests prior to deployment in which the systems sampled the same air indicate the precision of the systems to be better than ± 0.3 ppm and the accuracy, based on the difference between the daily mean of one system and a co-located NOAA-ESRL system, is consistently better than ± 0.3 ppm. We demonstrate the utility of the network in two ways. We interpret regional CO2 differences using a Lagrangian parcel approach. The difference in the CO2 mixing ratios across the network is at least 2?3 ppm, which is large compared to the accuracy and precision of the systems. Fluxes estimated assuming Lagrangian parcel transport are of the same sign and magnitude as eddy-covariance flux measurements at the centrally-located WLEF tower. These results indicate that the network will be useful in a full inversion model. Second, we present a case study involving a frontal passage through the region. The progression of a front across the network is evident; changes as large as four ppm in one minute are captured. Influence functions, derived using a Lagrangian Particle Dispersion model driven by the CSU Regional Atmospheric Modeling System and nudged to NCEP reanalysis meteorological fields, are used to determine source regions for the towers. The influence functions are combined with satellite vegetation observations to interpret the observed trends in CO2 concentration. Full inversions will combine these elements in a more formal analytic framework.

Davis, K.J.; Richardson, S.J.; Miles, N.L.

2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

459

High-energy atmospheric neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-energy neutrinos, arising from decays of mesons that were produced through the cosmic rays collisions with air nuclei, form unavoidable background noise in the astrophysical neutrino detection problem. The atmospheric neutrino flux above 1 PeV should be supposedly dominated by the contribution of charmed particle decays. These (prompt) neutrinos originated from decays of massive and shortlived particles, $D^\\pm$, $D^0$, $\\bar{D}{}^0$, $D_s^\\pm$, $\\Lambda^+_c$, form the most uncertain fraction of the high-energy atmospheric neutrino flux because of poor explored processes of the charm production. Besides, an ambiguity in high-energy behavior of pion and especially kaon production cross sections for nucleon-nucleus collisions may affect essentially the calculated neutrino flux. There is the energy region where above flux uncertainties superimpose. A new calculation presented here reveals sizable differences, up to the factor of 1.8 above 1 TeV, in muon neutrino flux predictions obtained with usage of known...

Sinegovsky, S I; Sinegovskaya, T S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Medical Applications of Space Light-Emitting Diode Technology--Space Station and Beyond  

SciTech Connect

Space light-emitting diode (LED) technology has provided medicine with a new tool capable of delivering light deep into tissues of the body, at wavelengths which are biologically optimal for cancer treatment and wound healing. This LED technology has already flown on Space Shuttle missions, and shows promise for wound healing applications of benefit to Space Station astronauts.

Whelan, H.T.; Houle, J.M.; Donohoe, D.L.; Bajic, D.M.; Schmidt, M.H.; Reichert, K.W.; Weyenberg, G.T.; Larson, D.L.; Meyer, G.A.; Caviness, J.A.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Ultrafast shift and injection currents observed in wurtzite semiconductors via emitted terahertz radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and injection currents have been generated in bulk GaAs and strained GaAs quantum wells QWs , respectivelyUltrafast shift and injection currents observed in wurtzite semiconductors via emitted terahertz; published online 18 November 2005 Shift and injection currents are generated in the wurtzite semiconductors

Van Driel, Henry M.

462

Ultra-thin ohmic contacts for p-type nitride light emitting devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A semiconductor based Light Emitting Device (LED) can include a p-type nitride layer and a metal ohmic contact, on the p-type nitride layer. The metal ohmic contact can have an average thickness of less than about 25 .ANG. and a specific contact resistivity less than about 10.sup.-3 ohm-cm.sup.2.

Raffetto, Mark (Raleigh, NC); Bharathan, Jayesh (Cary, NC); Haberern, Kevin (Cary, NC); Bergmann, Michael (Chapel Hill, NC); Emerson, David (Chapel Hill, NC); Ibbetson, James (Santa Barbara, CA); Li, Ting (Ventura, CA)

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

463

Current injection efficiency induced efficiency-droop in InGaN quantum well light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current injection efficiency induced efficiency-droop in InGaN quantum well light-emitting diodes]. The detail of the model for current injection model for quantum well heterostructure is described in Ref. [18 Keywords: III-Nitride InGaN QWs Light-emitting diodes Efficiency-droop a b s t r a c t Current injection

Gilchrist, James F.

464

Potential Environmental Impacts from the Metals in Incandescent, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Bulbs Seong-Rin Lim, Daniel Kang, Oladele A. Ogunseitan,,§ and Julie M sources with compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs that use about 70% and 85 lighting systems are transitioning from incandes- cent to compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light

Short, Daniel

465

Coupling Fibers to Semiconductor Sources To learn to couple an injection laser diode (ILD) and a light emitting diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and a light emitting diode (LED) to an optical fiber. Equipment: · 1 ~ 2 meters of F-MLD-50 multimode fiber off any other part of the circuit. Light Emitting Diode- 1.) Post mount the LED assembly the same way

Collins, Gary S.

466

Atmospheric neutrino flux at INO site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To illustrate the calculation of the atmospheric neutrino flux, we briefly explain our calculation scheme and important components, such as primary cosmic ray spectra, interaction model, and geomagnetic model. Then, we calculate the atmospheric neutrino flux at INO site in our calculation scheme. We compare the calculated atmospheric neutrino fluxes predicted at INO with those at other major neutrino detector sites, especially that at SK site.

Honda, Morihiro [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-ha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan)

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

467

Hindcasting the January 2009 Arctic Sudden Stratospheric Warming with Unified Parameterization of Orographic Drag in NOGAPS. Part II: Short-Range Data-Assimilated Forecast and the Impacts of Calibrated Radiance Bias Correction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study is Part II of the effort to improve the forecasting of sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) events by using a version of the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) that covers the full stratosphere. In Part I, ...

Young-Joon Kim; William Campbell; Benjamin Ruston

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Earth and Atmospheric Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Forensics Climate & Environment Sensors and Measurements Chemical & Engineering Materials Computational Earth Science Systems Modeling Geographic Information Science and Technology Materials Science and Engineering Mathematics Physics More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Earth and Atmospheric Sciences SHARE Earth and Atmospheric Sciences At ORNL, we combine our capabilities in atmospheric science, computational science, and biological and environmental systems science to focus in the cross-disciplinary field of climate change science. We use computer models to improve climate change predications and to measure the impact of global warming on the cycling of chemicals in earth systems. Our Climate Change Science Institute uses models to explore connections among atmosphere,

469

Atmospheric carbon dioxide and the greenhouse effect  

SciTech Connect

This document contains a non-technical review of the problems associated with atmospheric carbon dioxide and the resulting greenhouse effect. (TEM)

Firestine, M.W. (ed.)

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

NREL: Process Development and Integration Laboratory - Atmospheric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Processing Platform Capabilities Atmospheric Processing Platform Capabilities The Atmospheric Processing platform in the Process Development and Integration Laboratory offers powerful capabilities with integrated tools for depositing, processing, and characterizing photovoltaic materials and devices. In particular, this platform focuses on different methods to deposit ("write") materials onto a variety of substrates and then further process into optoelectronic materials using rapid thermal processing. You can read more on the rationale for developing this platform and its capabilities. Contact Maikel van Hest for more details on these capabilities. The Atmospheric Processing platform will allow deposition in any sequence and is applicable to activities in all Technology Roadmaps, which include

471

Mesoscale Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

small-scale features in ocean winds. Science, 303, Chelton,of the regional coupled ocean-atmosphere model RCAO. Borealstress dependence on ocean surface velocity: implications

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Mesoscale coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

small-scale features in ocean winds. Science, 303, Chelton,of the regional coupled ocean-atmosphere model RCAO. Borealstress dependence on ocean surface velocity: implications

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

FOAM:The Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Models Performance User Resources Publications History Developer's Page FOAM The Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model cup2.jpeg (48474 bytes) Image made by Johan Kellum with Vis5D...

474

12.815 Atmospheric Radiation, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. ...

Prinn, Ronald G.

475

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Convective and Orographically...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Induced Precipitation Study The U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is providing the ARM Mobile Facility...

476

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility Operations Quarterly Report October 1-December 31, 2010 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of...

477

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility Operations Quarterly Report April 1-June 30, 2011 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work...

478

Jefferson Lab Science Series - Investigating Earth's Atmosphere  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Byron Meadows - NASALangley Research Center May 14, 1991 Demonstrations of weather forecasting tools and techniques for experiments in the atmosphere and of lasers used to...

479

Total Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity Former ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Former Corporation/Refiner Total Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (bbl/cd)a New Corporation/Refiner Date of Sale Table 14. Refinery Sales During 2005

480

Internal Versus SST-Forced Atmospheric Variability as Simulated by an Atmospheric General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variability of atmospheric flow is analyzed by separating it into an internal part due to atmospheric dynamics only and an external (or forced) part due to the variability of sea surface temperature forcing. The two modes of variability are ...

Ali Harzallah; Robert Sadourny

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospherically emitted radiance" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Transient Response of a Global Ocean-Atmosphere Model to a Doubling of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transient response of climate to an instantaneous increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide has been investigated by a general circulation model of the coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system with global geography and annual ...

Syukuro Manabe; Kirk Bryan; Michael J. Spelman

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Measurements of Atmospheric Methane and 13C/12C of Atmospheric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methane and 13C12C, Flask Air Samples Measurements of Atmospheric Methane and 13C12C of Atmospheric Methane from Flask Air Samples (1999) data Data Investigators Paul Quay and...

483

Response of the Middle Atmosphere to CO2 Doubling: Results from the Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model (CMAM) has been used to examine the middle atmosphere response to CO2 doubling. The radiative-photochemical response induced by doubling CO2 alone and the response produced by changes in prescribed SSTs are ...

V. I. Fomichev; A. I. Jonsson; J. de Grandpré; S. R. Beagley; C. McLandress; K. Semeniuk; T. G. Shepherd

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Laboratory Studies of Processing of Carbonaceous Aerosols by Atmospheric Oxidants/Hygroscopicity and CCN Activity of Secondary & Processed Primary Organic Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The atmosphere is composed of a complex mixture of gases and suspended microscopic aerosol particles. The ability of these particles to take up water (hygroscopicity) and to act as nuclei for cloud droplet formation significantly impacts aerosol light scattering and absorption, and cloud formation, thereby influencing air quality, visibility, and climate in important ways. A substantial, yet poorly characterized component of the atmospheric aerosol is organic matter. Its major sources are direct emissions from combustion processes, which are referred to as primary organic aerosol (POA), or in situ processes in which volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are oxidized in the atmosphere to low volatility reaction products that subsequent condense to form particles that are referred to as secondary organic aerosol (SOA). POA and VOCs are emitted to the atmosphere from both anthropogenic and natural (biogenic) sources. The overall goal of this experimental research project was to conduct laboratory studies under simulated atmospheric conditions to investigate the effects of the chemical composition of organic aerosol particles on their hygroscopicity and cloud condensation nucleation (CCN) activity, in order to develop quantitative relationships that could be used to more accurately incorporate aerosol-cloud interactions into regional and global atmospheric models. More specifically, the project aimed to determine the products, mechanisms, and rates of chemical reactions involved in the processing of organic aerosol particles by atmospheric oxidants and to investigate the relationships between the chemical composition of organic particles (as represented by molecule sizes and the specific functional groups that are present) and the hygroscopicity and CCN activity of oxidized POA and SOA formed from the oxidation of the major classes of anthropogenic and biogenic VOCs that are emitted to the atmosphere, as well as model hydrocarbons. The general approach for this project was to carry out reactions of representative anthropogenic and biogenic VOCs and organic particles with ozone (O3), and hydroxyl (OH), nitrate (NO3), and chlorine (Cl) radicals, which are the major atmospheric oxidants, under simulated atmospheric conditions in large-volume environmental chambers. A combination of on-line and off-line analytical techniques were used to monitor the chemical and physical properties of the particles including their hygroscopicity and CCN activity. The results of the studies were used to (1) improve scientific understanding of the relationships between the chemical composition of organic particles and their hygroscopicity and CCN activity, (2) develop an improved molecular level theoretical framework for describing these relationships, and (3) establish a large database that is being used to develop parameterizations relating organic aerosol chemical properties and SOA sources to particle hygroscopicity and CCN activity for use in regional and global atmospheric air quality and climate models.

Ziemann, P.J.; Arey, J.; Atkinson, R.; Kreidenweis, S.M.; Petters, M.D.

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

485

Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1992 to the DOE Office of Energy Research. Part 3, Atmospheric and climate research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER), the atmospheric sciences and carbon dioxide research programs are part of the Environmental Sciences Division (ESD). One of the central missions of the division is to provide the DOE with scientifically defensible information on the local, regional, and global distributions of energy-related pollutants and their effects on climate. This information is vital to the definition and implementation of a sound national energy strategy. This volume reports on the progress and status of all OHER atmospheric science and climate research projects at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). PNL has had a long history of technical leadership in the atmospheric sciences research programs within OHER. Within the ESD, the Atmospheric Chemistry Program (ACP) continues DOE`s long-term commitment to study the continental and oceanic fates of energy-related air pollutants. Research through direct measurement, numerical modeling, and laboratory studies in the ACP emphasizes the long-range transport, chemical transformation, and removal of emitted pollutants, oxidant species, nitrogen-reservoir species, and aerosols. The Atmospheric Studies in Complex Terrain (ASCOT) program continues to apply basic research on density-driven circulations and on turbulent mixing and dispersion in the atmospheric boundary layer to the micro- to mesoscale meteorological processes that affect air-surface exchange and to emergency preparedness at DOE and other facilities. Research at PNL provides basic scientific underpinnings to DOE`s program of global climate research. Research projects within the core carbon dioxide and ocean research programs are now integrated with those in the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM), the Computer Hardware, Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics (CHAMMP), and Quantitative Links programs to form DOE`s contribution to the US Global Change Research Program.

Schrempf, R.E. [ed.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Human effects on the global atmosphere  

SciTech Connect

This review considers whether human activities can significantly change important functions of the global atmosphere by altering the amount or distribution of certain trace species. It deals with three specific topics: stratopheric ozone, the role of species other than carbon dioxide on the greenhouse effect, and certain recently recognized atmospheric consequences of a large scale nuclear war. 64 references, 10 figures, 2 tables.

Johnston, H.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Overwater Atmospheric Diffusion: Measurements and Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of ten atmospheric tracer experiments provided 62 hours of overwater atmospheric dispersion data. Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) was released as the tracer gas at a height of 13 m from a ship positioned about 7 km off the central California ...

Walter F. Dabberdt

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Measurements of Atmospheric Nanoparticles (1875–1980)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The atmosphere contains a large variety of particles, ranging in size from near molecular (~1 nm) to larger than 10,000 nm. The total number concentration N of particles is dominated by nanoparticles ? 100 nm in diameter. Discovery of atmospheric ...

Volker Mohnen; George M. Hidy

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Earth's early atmosphere  

SciTech Connect

Ideas about atmospheric composition and climate on the early Earth have evolved considerably over the last 30 years, but many uncertainties still remain. It is generally agreed that the atmosphere contained little or no free oxygen initially and that oxygen concentrations increased markely near 2.0 billion years ago, but the precise timing of and reasons for its rise remain unexplained. Likewise, it is usually conceded that the atmospheric greenhouse effect must have been higher in the past to offset reduced solar luminosity, but the levels of atmospheric carbon cioxide and other greenhouse gases required remain speculative. A better understanding of past atmospheric evolution is important to understanding the evolution of life and to predicting whether Earth-like planets might exist elsewhere in the galaxy.

Kasting, J.F. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park (United States))

1993-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

490

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CREE LIGHTING COMPANY...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of the cooperative agreement is to develop high efficiency, high radiance light emitting diode (LED) chip and packaging technology that is expected to lead to novel solid...

491

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Measurements of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurements of atmospheric water vapor over the oceans Measurements of atmospheric water vapor over the oceans Szczodrak, Malgorzata University of Miami Minnett, Peter University of Miami Feltz, Wayne University of Wisconsin Atmospheric water vapor is an important part of the Earth's hydrological cycle and plays a crucial role in many aspects of the climate system. The main source of the atmospheric moisture are the oceans, but the information we have about the distribution of atmospheric water vapor over the oceans is based on a relatively sparse distribution of radiosonde profiles, or on satellite-based measurements from microwave radiometers. The Marine-Atmosphere Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI) is a sea-going instrument that measures spectra of atmospheric infrared emission with ~10 minute temporal resolution. These spectra can be used to retrieve profiles

492

An Engineering-Economic Analysis of White Light-Emitting Diodes for General  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Engineering-Economic Analysis of White Light-Emitting Diodes for General An Engineering-Economic Analysis of White Light-Emitting Diodes for General Illumination for the U.S. Residential and Commercial Sectors Speaker(s): InĂŞs Magarida Lima de Azevedo Date: February 15, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Because lighting constitutes more than 20% of total US electricity consumption, and many current lighting technologies are highly inefficient, improved technologies for lighting hold great potential for energy savings and for reducing associated greenhouse gas emissions. Solid-state lighting is a technology that shows great promise as a source of efficient, affordable, color-balanced white light in the near future. Indeed, under a pure engineering-economic analysis, solid-state lighting already performs better than incandescent bulbs and is expected to surpass the most

493

Multiplicity and angular distribution of particles emitted in relativistic nuclear-nuclear interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the experimental results on the behavior of the average multiplicities and angular distributions of slow particles emitted in hadron-nuclear and nuclear-nuclear interactions at relativistic energies as a function of the centrality of collisions. It is observed that by increasing the mass of the projectiles the angular distributions of slow particles change and the structure which was demonstrated in the case of pi-mesons, protons and light nuclear projectiles, almost disappears. During the interaction of the heavier projectile with nuclear target, the number of secondary interactions as well as number of nucleon-nucleon elastic scattering and re-scattering events increases. We suggest to restore this information using the heavy ion generators taking into account the multiplicity distributions. Because our investigations show that the formation of the percolation cluster sufficiently influences the behaviour of the average multiplicity of the slow particles emitted in these interactions.

M. K. Suleymanov; E. U. Khan; A. Kravchakova; Mahnaz Q. Haseeb; S. M. Saleem; Y. H. Huseynaliyev; S. Vokal; A. S. Vodopianov; O. B. Abdinov

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Concentrated ion beam emitted from an enlarged cylindrical-anode-layer Hall plasma accelerator and mechanism  

SciTech Connect

An enlarged cylindrical-anode-layer Hall plasma accelerator with an outlet diameter of 150 mm is experimentally demonstrated to produce a concentrated ion beam, especially at a high discharge voltage, with a high current utilization efficiency of up to {approx}0.9. Numerical investigation based on the three-dimensional particle-in-cell method is performed to study the ion dynamics and elucidate the origin of the ion beam characteristics. The simulation results reveal that the equipotential lines play an important role in the surface near the anode emitting the ions. The ion emitting surface is determined by the magnetic field lines near the anode and the magnetic mirror contributes to the concentrated beam significantly. The high current utilization efficiency results from the appropriate obliquity of the magnetic mirror.

Geng, S. F.; Wang, C. X. [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Chengdu 610041 (China); Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Tang, D. L.; Qiu, X. M. [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Chengdu 610041 (China); Chu, Paul K. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong)

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

495

The Impact of the Transient Response of 0rg;anic Light Emitting Diodes on the Design of Active Matrix OLED Displays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Impact of the Transient Response of 0rg;anic Light Emitting Diodes on the Design of Active, Princeton, NJ, U.S.A. Abstract Much of the organic light emitting diode (OLED) characterization published

496

The use of LEDS (light-emitting diode) to simulate weak YAG-laser beams  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to determine whether and under what conditions a light-emitting diode may be used to simulate a weak YAG-laser beam that has been scattered by a distant reflecting object. By examining the differences between laser radiation and LED radiation, the author concludes that there is no theoretical reason that a LED may not be used in place of the laser beam.

Young, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Comparing Light Emitting Diode (LED) Street and Area Lighting to Traditional Lighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-power light-emitting diode (LED) technology holds great promise for outdoor illumination. This case study discusses the results of the LED Street and Area Lighting Demonstration performed by Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Knoxville Utilities Board (KUB), and EPRI. Data was collected on Wall Avenue, a busy thoroughfare in downtown Knoxville, using a specially developed computer-controlled mobile light measurement vehicle with a global positioning system.Early reports from the ...

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

498

Comparing Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Street and Area Lighting to Traditional Lighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Manufacturing advances have now made the use of light-emitting diode (LED) technology practical for street and area lighting. To better understand the application, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) teamed with Southern Company and Alabama Power to install LED street lights at a demonstration site and measure the performance. The data showed several disadvantages such as a lower efficacy compared to traditional technology and lower immunity to electrical disturbances, but advantages in energy s...

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

499

Comparing Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Street and Area Lighting to Traditional Lighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Manufacturing advances have now made the use of light-emitting diode (LED) technology practical for street and area lighting. To better understand the application, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) teamed with Southern Company and Gulf Power to install LED street lights at a demonstration site and measure their performance. The data showed several disadvantages for the LED lights, such as a lower efficacy compared to traditional technology and lower immunity to electrical disturbances, but an ...

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

500

Photoionization of optically trapped ultracold atoms with a high-power light-emitting diode  

SciTech Connect

Photoionization of laser-cooled atoms using short pulses of a high-power light-emitting diode (LED) is demonstrated. Light pulses as short as 30 ns have been realized with the simple LED driver circuit. We measure the ionization cross section of {sup 85}Rb atoms in the first excited state, and show how this technique can be used for calibrating efficiencies of ion detector assemblies.

Goetz, Simone; Hoeltkemeier, Bastian; Amthor, Thomas; Weidemueller, Matthias [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 226, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z