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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Instrumental Requirements for Global Atmospheric Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...SIMULTANEOUS MEASUREMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC CH2O, O3, AND NO2...AIRBORNE MEASUREMENTS OF ATMOSPHERIC OH, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL...HYDROGEN-CHLORIDE AND WATER AT ANTARCTIC STRATOSPHERIC...TOON, O.B., CONDENSATION OF HNO3 AND HCL IN...requirements for global atmospheric chemistry. | The field...

D. L. Albritton; F. C. Fehsenfeld; A. F. Tuck

1990-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

2

An Instrumentation Complex for Atmospheric Radiation Measurements in Siberia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrumentation Complex for Atmospheric Radiation Instrumentation Complex for Atmospheric Radiation Measurements in Siberia S. M. Sakerin, F. V. Dorofeev, D. M. Kabanov, V. S. Kozlov, M. V. Panchenko, Yu. A. Pkhalagov, V. V. Polkin, V. P. Shmargunov, S. A. Terpugova, S. A. Turchinovich, and V. N. Uzhegov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction The instrumentation complex is described, which has been prepared for radiative experiments in the region of Tomsk (West Siberia). The complex consists of three groups of devices to measure (a) the characteristics of the total downward radiation; (b) the most variable components of the atmospheric transparency directly affecting the income of radiation (aerosol optical depth [AOD], total content of water vapor, ozone, etc.); and (c) aerosol and meteorological parameters of the near-ground layer of the

3

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF Instrumentation Status: New, Current, and Future)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide a concise but comprehensive overview of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility instrumentation status. The report is divided into the following four sections: (1) new instrumentation in the process of being acquired and deployed, (2) existing instrumentation and progress on improvements or upgrades, (3) proposed future instrumentation, and (4) Small Business Innovation Research instrument development.

JW Voyles

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

4

Calibration of LSST Instrumental and Atmospheric Photometric Passbands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will continuously image the entire sky visible from Cerro Pachon in northern Chile every 3-4 nights throughout the year. The LSST will provide data for a broad range of science investigations that require better than 1% photometric precision across the sky (repeatability and uniformity) and a similar accuracy of measured broadband color. The fast and persistent cadence of the LSST survey will significantly improve the temporal sampling rate with which celestial events and motions are tracked. To achieve these goals, and to optimally utilize the observing calendar, it will be necessary to obtain excellent photometric calibration of data taken over a wide range of observing conditions - even those not normally considered 'photometric'. To achieve this it will be necessary to routinely and accurately measure the full optical passband that includes the atmosphere as well as the instrumental telescope and camera system. The LSST mountain facility will include a new monochromatic dome illumination projector system to measure the detailed wavelength dependence of the instrumental passband for each channel in the system. The facility will also include an auxiliary spectroscopic telescope dedicated to measurement of atmospheric transparency at all locations in the sky during LSST observing. In this paper, we describe these systems and present laboratory and observational data that illustrate their performance.

Burke, David L.; /SLAC; Axelrod, T.; /Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ.; Barrau, Aurelien; Baumont, Sylvain; /LPSC, Grenoble; Blondin, Stephane; /Marseille, CPPM; Claver, Chuck; /NOAO, Tucson; Gorecki, Alexia; /LPSC, Grenoble; Ivezic, Zeljko; Jones, Lynne; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Krabbendam, Victor; Liang, Ming; Saha, Abhijit; /NOAO, Tucson; Smith, Allyn; /Austin Peay State U.; Smith, R.Chris; /Cerro-Tololo InterAmerican Obs.; Stubbs, Christopher W.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

5

United States Department Atmospheric and Biospheric Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

United States Department Atmospheric and Biospheric Interactions of Agriculture Forest Service coordinator. 1997. Atmospheric and biospheric interactions of gases and energy in the Pacific region century have caused a dramatic increase in global air pollution. This process has accelerated in the past

Standiford, Richard B.

6

Recent progress in high precision atmospheric trace gas instruments using mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report results from high precision spectroscopic instruments for atmospheric trace gases using with mid-IR quantum cascade lasers. Numerous gases can be measured with 1s absorption...

McManus, John B; Zahniser, Mark; Nelson, David; McGovern, Ryan; Agnese, Mike

7

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Specific Instruments Used in the ARM Program  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

ARM is known for its comprehensive set of world-class, and in some cases, unique, instruments available for use by the global scientific community. In addition to the ARM instruments, the ARM Climate Research Facility identifies and acquires a wide variety of data including model, satellite, and surface data, from "external instruments," to augment the data being generated within the program. External instruments belong to organizations that are outside of the ARM Program. Field campaign instruments are another source of data used to augment routine observations. The huge archive of ARM data can be organized by instrument categories into twelve "collections:" Aerosols, Airborne Observations, Atmospheric Carbon, Atmospheric Profiling, Cloud Properties, Derived Quantities and Models, Ocean Observations, Radiometric, Satellite Observations, Surface Meteorology, Surface/Subsurface Properties, and Other. Clicking on one of the instrument categories leads to a page that breaks that category down into sub-categories. For example, "Atmospheric Profiling" is broken down into ARM instruments (with 11 subsets), External Instruments (with 6 subsets), and Field Campaign Instruments (with 42 subsets). Each of the subset links, in turn, leads to detailed information pages and links to specific data streams. Users will be requested to create a password, but the data files are free for viewing and downloading.

8

Atmospheric State, Cloud Microphysics and Radiative Flux  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Atmospheric thermodynamics, cloud properties, radiative fluxes and radiative heating rates for the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The data represent a characterization of the physical state of the atmospheric column compiled on a five-minute temporal and 90m vertical grid. Sources for this information include raw measurements, cloud property and radiative retrievals, retrievals and derived variables from other third-party sources, and radiative calculations using the derived quantities.

Mace, Gerald

9

Airtight container for the transfer of atmosphere-sensitive materials into vacuum-operated characterization instruments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and operation of a simple airtight container devised to facilitate the transfer of atmosphere-sensitive samples from a glovebox to the vacuum chamber of an analytical instrument such as a scanning electron microscope. The use of this device for characterizing the microstructure of highly hygroscopic strontium iodide ceramics by scanning electron microscopy is illustrated as an application example.

Gaume, Romain M. [CREOL, the College of Optics and Photonics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816-2700 (United States); Joubert, Lydia-Marie [Cell Sciences Imaging Facility, Beckman Center, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

Low Cost Open-Path Instrument for Monitoring Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide at Sequestration Sites  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Low Cost open-path Instrument for Low Cost open-path Instrument for monItorIng atmospherIC Carbon DIoxIDe at sequestratIon sItes Background Growing concern over the effect on global climate of the buildup of greenhouse gases (GHG), particularly carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), in the atmosphere may lead to the curtailment of CO 2 emissions. One potential course of action by industry to reduce GHG emissions is the subsurface disposal of CO 2 . An important requirement of such disposal is verification that the injected gases remain in place and do not leak to the surface. Perhaps the most direct evidence of a successful sequestration project is the lack of a detectable CO 2 concentration above the background level in the air near the ground. Although measurement of CO 2 concentration can be performed, it is

11

College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences Oregon State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences Oregon State University 104 CEOAS Admin Bldg Announcement College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences Posting 0012926 ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, Earth Systems History The College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences (CEOAS) at Oregon State University

12

Spectrometer for Sky-Scanning Sun-Tracking Atmospheric Research (4STAR): Instrument Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Spectrometer for Sky-Scanning, Sun-Tracking Atmospheric Research (4STAR) combines airborne sun tracking and sky scanning with diffraction spectroscopy, to improve knowledge of atmospheric constituents and their links to air-pollution/climate. Direct beam hyper-spectral measurement of optical depth improves retrievals of gas constituents and determination of aerosol properties. Sky scanning enhances retrievals of aerosol type and size distribution. 4STAR measurements will tighten the closure between satellite and ground-based measurements. 4STAR incorporates a modular sun-tracking/ sky-scanning optical head with fiber optic signal transmission to rack mounted spectrometers, permitting miniaturization of the external optical head, and future detector evolution. Technical challenges include compact optical collector design, radiometric dynamic range and stability, and broad spectral coverage. Test results establishing the performance of the instrument against the full range of operational requirements are presented, along with calibration, engineering flight test, and scientific field campaign data and results.

Dunagan, Stephen; Johnson, Roy; Zavaleta, Jhony; Russell, P. B.; Schmid, Beat; Flynn, Connor J.; Redemann, Jens; Shinozuka, Yohei; Livingston, J.; Segal Rozenhaimer, Michal

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

13

Technical evaluation of available state of Nevada survey instruments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is reviewing the survey research studies completed by Mountain West Research (1987-1989) for the state of Nevada`s Nuclear Waste Project Office. In this research, 14 survey instruments were used to seek data on whether perceptions of risk could be associated with the possible siting of a high-level radioactive waste repository in Nevada and could be a dominant source of potential, significant, adverse economic impacts. This report presents results from phase 1 of the review, in which ANL contracted with the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago to evaluate the technical merits of the nine survey instruments that ANL had been able to acquire. The scope of NORC`s work was limited to rating the questions and stating their strengths and weaknesses. NORC concluded that the surveys could provide valuable data about risk perceptions and potential behavioral responses. NORC identified a few minor problems with a number of questions and the calculated response rates but claimed these problems would probably not have any major biasing effect. The NORC evaluation would have been more complete if the terms used in the questionnaires had been defined, all survey instruments had been acquired, and all data had been made available to the public.

NONE

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

The proposed Diagnostic Instrumentation and Analysis Laboratory, Mississippi State University  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize Mississippi State University (MSU) to proceed with the detailed design, construction and equipping of the proposed Diagnostic Instrumentation and Analysis Laboratory (DIAL). DOE grant funds are available to the University for the limited purpose of performing preliminary studies, including analysis necessary to conduct this environmental assessment. The proposed facility would be located in the Mississippi Research and Technology Park, adjacent to the Mississippi Agriculture and Forestry Experiment Station campus in Starkville, Mississippi. Total project cost is estimated at $7,953,600. This proposed laboratory would be designed to conduct research into combustion devices related to waste management and environmental restoration that is of importance to industry and government. The proposed facility`s role would be to develop diagnostic instrumentation capabilities in the area of combustion and related processes.

NONE

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

ARM - PI Product - Atmospheric State, Cloud Microphysics & Radiative Flux  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ProductsAtmospheric State, Cloud Microphysics & ProductsAtmospheric State, Cloud Microphysics & Radiative Flux Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Atmospheric State, Cloud Microphysics & Radiative Flux 1997.01.01 - 2010.12.31 Site(s) NSA SGP TWP General Description This data product contains atmospheric thermodynamics, cloud properties, radiative fluxes and radiative heating rates. The data represent a characterization of the physical state of the atmospheric column compiled on a five-minute temporal and 90m vertical grid. Sources for this information include raw measurements, cloud property and radiative retrievals, retrievals and derived variables from other third-party sources, and radiative calculations using the derived quantities.

16

Computational Methods for Atmospheric Science, ATS607 Colorado State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computational Methods for Atmospheric Science, ATS607 Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science, Spring 2014 Wednesdays and Fridays @ 2:15 ­ 3:30 Room: ENGR Research Center (ERC://pierce.atmos.colostate.edu Office hours: During the lab classes or by appointment. Teaching assistant: Chris Slocum (cslocum

17

Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instruments Instruments Available to Users CISA 5500XL SOLiD Sequencers Electron Microscope: Dual FIB/SEM (FEI Helios) Electron Microscope: Transmission, CRYO 2005 Flow Cytometer: Influx Laser Capture Microdissection Mammalian Cell Culture Microbial Bioreactors Microscope: Confocal, Multi-Photon/FLIM Integrated Microscope: Fluorescence, Confocal, Real-Time Microscope: Fluorescence, Single-Molecule Microscope: Fluorescence, Single-Molecule / Patch Clamp Microscope: Fluorescence, Super Resolution STORM Microscope: Helium Ion Microscope: Scanning Probe - AFM Compound DepoSItIon AnD MICrofAbrICAtIon Deposition: Hybrid Thin Film Deposition System Deposition: Molecular Beam Epitaxy #1 Deposition: Pulsed Laser Deposition System Electron Microscope: Dual FIB/SEM (FEI

18

ARM Site Atmospheric State Best Estimates for AIRS Validation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Site Atmospheric State Best Estimates Site Atmospheric State Best Estimates for AIRS Validation D. C. Tobin, H. E. Revercomb, W. F. Feltz, R. D. Knuteson, and D. D. Turner Space Science and Engineering Center University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin B. M. Lesht Environmental Research Division Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, Illinois L. Strow University of Maryland College Park, Maryland C. Barnet Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology Baltimore, Maryland E. Fetzer National Aeronautics Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena, California Introduction The atmospheric infrared sounder (AIRS) is a high spectral resolution infrared sounder on the earth observing plan (EOS) Aqua platform. Temperature and water vapor profile retrievals from AIRS are

19

State-of-the-art instruments for detecting extraterrestrial life  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the organic constituents of asteroids, comets, and moons also must be carried out...near surface samples at two different landing sites (10). However, it is now apparent that...composition of the Martian atmosphere at the landing site. On Earth, atmospheric carbon dioxide...

Jeffrey L. Bada

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Overview of the State-of-the-Art Laboratory Instrumentation Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

State-of-the-Art Laboratory State-of-the-Art Laboratory Instrumentation Systems Applied Research Laboratory The Pennsylvania State University 1 Arnold A. Fontaine Marine and Hydrokinetic Instrumentation, Measurement & Computer Modeling Workshop July 10, 2012 Session: Field and Laboratory Measurement and Instrumentation Track: Laboratory Testing Methods 2 Instrumentation Requirements * Low TRL level Proof-of-Concept evaluation  Macroscopic device performance  Relaxed spatial and temporal requirements  steady  Moderate levels of accuracy Test Goals Drive Instrumentation Needs * Validation & Verification Testing 1-5  Macro & microscopic device performance - near-field performance, far-field boundary conditions - Accurate model characterization  Refined spatial and temporal resolution  dictated by physics at model scale

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ARM - Instrument Datastreams  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govDataInstrument Datastreams govDataInstrument Datastreams Measurement Categories Select below to highlight datastreams in specified measurement categories. Aerosols The effect of aerosols is measured by instrument systems and lidars that provide data on the size distribution, optical properties, scattering, and extinction of aerosols. Atmospheric Carbon Measurements of atmospheric carbon are obtained from samples collected at the Southern Great Plains site. For more information about these measurements, see the ARM Carbon Project website. Coming soon: Aircraft carbon profile samples Atmospheric State Cloud Properties Active and passive remote sensing instruments are used to measure the macroscopic properties (horizontal and vertical distributions) of clouds, and the microphysical properties (sizes, shapes, and phases [water or ice])

22

NOAA federal/state cooperative program in atmospheric modification research. Collected publication titles and abstracts. Technical memo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The volume contains the titles and abstracts of technical publications through fiscal year 1992 that are the products of the NOAA Federal/State Cooperative Program in Atmospheric Modification Research. The program is focused on the very interdisciplinary science of purposeful cloud modification for precipitation enhancement and hail suppression, and unintentional modification of clouds and precipitation. The audience includes, for example, water managers, policy makers, scientists, practitioners in the field, and the interested public. Listed are publications on topics including but not limited to: cloud and precipitation processes, numerical cloud and atmospheric mesoscale modeling, atmospheric and storm monitoring instrumentation and technologies, aerosol transport and dispersion in clouds and over complex terrain, cloud seeding technologies and effects, agricultural responses to cloud modification, weather economics and societal aspects of cloud modification, unintentional weather and climate modification, and precipitation and hydrological assessment and forecasting.

Reinking, R.F.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Atmospheric Data, Images, and Animations from Lidar Instruments used by the University of Wisconsin Lidar Group  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Space Science and Engineering Center is a research and development center affiliated with the University of Wisconsin-Madisons Graduate School. Its primary focus is on geophysical research and technology to enhance understanding of the atmosphere of Earth, the other planets in the Solar System, and the cosmos. SSEC develops new observing tools for spacecraft, aircraft, and ground-based platforms, and models atmospheric phenomena. The Center receives, manages and distributes huge amounts of geophysical data and develops software to visualize and manipulate these data for use by researchers and operational meteorologists all over the world.[Taken from About SSEC at http://www.ssec.wisc.edu/overview/] A huge collection of data products, images, and animations comes to the SSEC from the University of Wisconsin Lidar Group. Contents of this collection include: An archive of thousands of Lidar images acquired before 2004 Arctic HSRL, MMCR, PAERI, MWR, Radiosonde, and CRAS forecast data Data after May 1, 2004 MPEG animations and Lidar Multiple Scattering Models

24

Low Cost Open-Path Instrument for Monitoring Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide at Sequestration Sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the past 48 months of the project, we have accomplished all objectives outlined in the proposal. In the first year, we demonstrated the technology for remote sensing on a bench top scale. The core electronics are designed and fabricated. We achieved results that will safely deliver the specifications outlined in the proposal. In the 2nd year, 2 major technical tasks outlined in the Statement of Objectives, i.e. Build a field test ready prototype of a long-range CO2 monitor, and characterize its performance in the short term and demonstrate that the monitor characteristics meet the goals set in the initial proposal, have been accomplished. We also conducted simulation work that defines the different deployment strategies for our sensors at sequestration sites. In the 3rd year, Specifications and Testing protocols have been developed for the CO2 monitor. 1% accuracy had been demonstrated in short period tests ({approx}1 hour). Unattended system operation and stability over a period of a week has been demonstrated with and without EDFA (laser power amplifier). The sensitivity of the instrument to CO2 leaks has been demonstrated. In the 4th no-cost extension year, we further field tested the system and the experience we accumulated give us a clear picture of what else are needed for final field deployment. These results have shown all the objectives of the project have been fulfilled. In July 2008, along with our commercial partner we won the DOE STTR phase I award to commercialize the instrument developed in this project - a testimony to the achievement of this research.

William Goddard

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

25

Verification of steady-state temperature predictions in an instrumented LMFBR driver subassembly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose of this paper is to compare the predicted steady-state coolant temperatures obtained by a thermal-hydraulic computer code with the measured coolant temperatures obtained from the instrumented LMFBR subassembly XX09 during reactor run 129C while the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) was essentially at full power and flow conditions.

Betten, P.R.; Feldman, E.E.; Chang, L.K.; Mohr, D.; Planchon, H.P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Soft Plasma Polymerization of Gas State Precursors from an Atmospheric Pressure Corona Plasma Discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soft Plasma Polymerization of Gas State Precursors from an Atmospheric Pressure Corona Plasma Discharge ... Application of nonequilibrium plasmas in organic chemistry ...

P. Anthony F. Herbert; Liam ONeill; Justyna Jaroszy?ska-Woli?ska

2009-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

27

ARM - Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstruments govInstruments Instruments Location Table Contacts Instrument Categories Select below to highlight instruments in specified categories. Aerosols Airborne Observations Atmospheric Carbon Measurements of atmospheric carbon are obtained from samples collected at the Southern Great Plains site. For more information about these measurements, see the ARM Carbon Project website. Now available: Aircraft carbon profile samples These data (and more) are freely available in the ARM Archive. The first time you visit the Archive you will need to create a new account-a relatively short form asking for contact information-you can use right away. Coming soon: Airborne continuous CO2 profile samples Atmospheric Profiling Cloud Properties Derived Quantities and Models Ocean Observations

28

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric moisture  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

moisture moisture ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric moisture The moisture content of the air as indicated by several measurements including relative humidity, specific humidity, dewpoint, vapor pressure, water vapor mixing ratio, and water vapor density; note that precipitable water is a separate type. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer

29

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric pressure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pressure pressure ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric pressure The pressure exerted by the atmosphere as a consequence of gravitational attraction exerted upon the "column" of air lying directly above the point in question. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

30

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

temperature temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric temperature The temperature indicated by a thermometer exposed to the air in a place sheltered from direct solar radiation. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

31

Increasing atmospheric burden of ethanol in the United States J. A. de Gouw,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increasing atmospheric burden of ethanol in the United States J. A. de Gouw,1,2 J. B. Gilman,1,2 A; revised 25 June 2012; accepted 1 July 2012; published 4 August 2012. [1] The use of ethanol 10% ethanol. In accordance with this increased use, atmospheric measurements of volatile organic

Goldstein, Allen

32

Effects of atmospheric turbulence on the entanglement of spatial two-qubit states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effects of atmospheric turbulence on the entanglement of spatial two-qubit states that are prepared using the signal and idler photons produced by parametric down-conversion. Such states are the basic ingredients of quantum information protocols and can be prepared, for example, by making down-converted photons pass through a pair of double-apertures. We make use of the Kolmogorov model for atmospheric turbulence and quantify the entanglement of the two-qubit state in terms of Wootters's concurrence. We restrict our analysis to the two-qubit states that can be represented by density matrices having only two nonzero diagonal elements.

Jha, Anand K.; Boyd, Robert W. [Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Tyler, Glenn A. [Optical Sciences Company, Post Office Box 25309, Anaheim, California 92825 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

ARM - Instrument - sonde  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentssonde govInstrumentssonde Documentation SONDE : Handbook SONDE : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Balloon-Borne Sounding System (SONDE) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling General Overview The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction. During some field campaigns, sonde operations from multiple stations around a central location with baseline measurements, like a mobile facility, can provide important constraints for model simulations. At the ARM sites, sondes are launched at the following

34

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric turbulence  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

turbulence turbulence ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric turbulence High frequency velocity fluctuations that lead to turbulent transport of momentum, heat, mositure, and passive scalars, and often expressed in terms of variances and covariances. Categories Atmospheric State, Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

35

On the transfer of atmospheric energy from the Gulf of Mexico to the continental United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE TRANSFER OF ATMOSPHERIC ENERGY FROM THE GULP OF MEXICO TO THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES A Thesis RICHARD WILLIAM KNIGHT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE Deoember 1972 Ma)or Sub)ect: Meteorology ON THE TRANSFER OF ATMOSPHERIC ENERGY FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO TO THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES A Thesis RICHARD WILLIAM KNIGHT Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of ommittee...

Knight, Richard William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

36

AffiliAtions: Ciesielski and Johnson--Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AffiliAtions: Ciesielski and Johnson--Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, and land processes over selected locations of interest. In a recent article, Johnson et al. (2012Chard h. Johnson, Junhong Wang, and sCot M. loehrer 325mArch 2012AmErIcAN mETEOrOLOGIcAL SOcIETY | #12

Johnson, Richard H.

37

REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 82, 083301 (2011) Increasing the energy dynamic range of solid-state nuclear track detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This allows simultaneous imaging of both high and low energy particles from the fusion reactions D + 3 He 4REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 82, 083301 (2011) Increasing the energy dynamic range of solid-state nuclear track detectors using multiple surfaces A. B. Zylstra,a) H. G. Rinderknecht, N. Sinenian, M. J

38

ARM - Instrument - assist  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsassist govInstrumentsassist Documentation ASSIST : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports ASSIST : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral Technology (ASSIST) Instrument Categories Radiometric The Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral Technology (ASSIST), like the AERI, measures infrared spectral zenith radiance at high spectral resolution. Output Datastreams assistch1 : Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral Technology (ASSIST): channel 1 data assistch2 : Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral Technology (ASSIST): channel 2 data

39

State University of New York at Binghamton Instrumentation and Controls (I&C) Specialist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and settings of instrumentation and control devices associated with University's HVAC components. Duties to issues associated with electrical or electronic components of common HVAC systems such as air handling that all variable speed drives and I&C devices specified in projects conform to campus standards

Suzuki, Masatsugu

40

ARM - Instrument Location Table  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsLocation Table govInstrumentsLocation Table Instruments Location Table Contacts Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument Locations Site abbreviations explained in the key. Instrument Name Abbreviation NSA SGP TWP AMF C1 C2 EF BF CF EF IF C1 C2 C3 EF IF Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor ACSM Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer AERI Aethalometer AETH Ameriflux Measurement Component AMC Aerosol Observing System AOS Meteorological Measurements associated with the Aerosol Observing System AOSMET Broadband Radiometer Station BRS

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Relationship Between Atmospheric circulation and Snowpack in theWestern United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Snow anomalies in the western United States (U.S.) have beenwidely investigated by many researchers due to its impact on wateravailability. This study focuses on how anomalous atmospheric circulationaffects snowpack accumulation in the western U.S. using observations andoutput from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) CommunityClimate Model version 3 (CCM3). Our results indicate that themid-latitude atmospheric circulation anomalies induced by the ElNino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) tend to drive winter precipitationshifts, leading to an anomalous snowpack distribution in the western U.S.The warm phase of ENSO produces increased snowpack in the Southwest,while the cold phase of ENSO generates increased snowpack in theNorthwest. Temperature has a secondary impact on the anomalous snowpackdistribution during ENSO episodes. Additionally, the non-linearatmospheric dynamics-related Pacific-North American (PNA) pattern isfound to strongly affect snow anomalies in the western U.S. independentfrom ENSO. The positive phase of the PNA pattern produces coldertemperature and stronger precipitation due to the lower pressure in theregion, leading to an above normal snowpack. Conversely, the negativephase of the PNA pattern generates warmer temperature and weakerprecipitation resulting from the higher pressure, producing a below thannormal snowpack in the western U.S. In general, the NCAR-CCM3 reproducesthe observed processes. However, model biases are identified andreported. The information provided in this study strengthens ourunderstanding of climate and water supply variability in the westernU.S.

Jin, Jiming; Miller, Norman L.; Sorooshian, Soroosh; Gao, Xiaogang

2004-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

42

The Boulder Atmospheric Observatory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Boulder Atmospheric Observatory (BAO) is a unique research facility for studying the planetary boundary layer and for testing and calibrating atmospheric sensors. The facility includes a 300 m tower instrumented with fast- and slow-response ...

J. C. Kaimal; J. E. Gaynor

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Tritium distribution in the environment in the vicinity of a chronic atmospheric source-assessment of the steady state hypothesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a major radionuclide production center. Tritium has been released to the atmosphere over the 36 year period of operation. The tritiated water concentration of the atmosphere, rain, vegetation and food have been routinely monitored during this period. Special studies have been made of tritium in soils and in the organic fractions of these same materials. The available data suggest that the average tritium concentration in the components of the terrestrial environment have approached a steady state with the two main sources of tritium, rainfall and atmospheric water vapor.

Murphy, C.E. Jr.; Bauer, L.R.; Zeigler, C.C.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Tritium distribution in the environment in the vicinity of a chronic atmospheric source-assessment of the steady state hypothesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a major radionuclide production center. Tritium has been released to the atmosphere over the 36 year period of operation. The tritiated water concentration of the atmosphere, rain, vegetation and food have been routinely monitored during this period. Special studies have been made of tritium in soils and in the organic fractions of these same materials. The available data suggest that the average tritium concentration in the components of the terrestrial environment have approached a steady state with the two main sources of tritium, rainfall and atmospheric water vapor.

Murphy, C.E. Jr.; Bauer, L.R.; Zeigler, C.C.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

45

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Central FacilityInstruments Central FacilityInstruments SGP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Central Facility [ Single installation ] ACSM Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor Aerosols Browse Data [ Single installation ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] AOS Aerosol Observing System Aerosols Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] BRS Broadband Radiometer Station Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] BSRN Baseline Solar Radiation Network

46

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AlaskaInstruments AlaskaInstruments NSA Related Links Facilities and Instruments Barrow Atqasuk ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : North Slope Alaska [ Single installation ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] AMC Ameriflux Measurement Component Radiometric, Surface/Subsurface Properties Browse Data [ Single installation ] AOS Aerosol Observing System Aerosols Browse Data [ Single installation ] CCN Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter Aerosols Browse Data [ Single installation ] CLAP Continuous Light Absorption Photometer Aerosols Browse Data [ Single installation ] CPC Condensation Particle Counter Aerosols Browse Data

47

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Darwin SiteInstruments Darwin SiteInstruments TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Central Facility, Darwin, Australia [ Single installation ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] CSPHOT Cimel Sunphotometer Aerosols, Radiometric Browse Data [ Single installation ] DISDROMETER Impact Disdrometer Surface Meteorology Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] DL Doppler Lidar Cloud Properties Browse Data [ Single installation ] GNDRAD Ground Radiometers on Stand for Upwelling Radiation Radiometric Browse Plots

48

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PlainsInstruments PlainsInstruments SGP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Southern Great Plains [ Single installation ] ACSM Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor Aerosols Browse Data [ Installed at 5 facilities ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] AOS Aerosol Observing System Aerosols Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] BRS Broadband Radiometer Station Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] BSRN Baseline Solar Radiation Network

49

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PacificInstruments PacificInstruments TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Manus Island Nauru Island Darwin, AUS ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Year of Tropical Convection Visiting the Site TWP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Instruments : Tropical Western Pacific [ Installed at 3 facilities ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Installed at 2 facilities ] CSAPR C-Band ARM Precipitation Radar Cloud Properties Browse Data [ Installed at 3 facilities ] CSPHOT Cimel Sunphotometer Aerosols, Radiometric Browse Data [ Single installation ] DISDROMETER Impact Disdrometer Surface Meteorology Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] DL Doppler Lidar Cloud Properties Browse Data [ Installed at 3 facilities ]

50

ARM - Instrument - rl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsrl govInstrumentsrl Documentation RL : Handbook RL : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports RL : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Raman Lidar (RL) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Aerosols, Atmospheric Profiling Picture of the Raman Lidar (RL) Picture of the Raman Lidar (RL) General Overview The Raman Lidar (RL) is an active, ground-based laser remote sensing instrument that measures vertical profiles of water-vapor mixing ratio and several cloud- and aerosol-related quantities. Lidar (light detection and ranging) is the optical analog of radar, using pulses of laser radiation to probe the atmosphere. This system is fully computer automated, and will run

51

ARM - Instrument - mwr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsmwr govInstrumentsmwr Documentation MWR : Handbook MWR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports MWR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Microwave Radiometer (MWR) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Cloud Properties, Atmospheric Profiling Picture of the Microwave Radiometer (MWR) Picture of the Microwave Radiometer (MWR) General Overview The Microwave Radiometer (MWR) provides time-series measurements of column-integrated amounts of water vapor and liquid water. The instrument itself is a sensitive microwave receiver that detects the microwave emissions of the vapor and liquid water molecules in the atmosphere at two

52

ARM - Instrument -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstruments Documentation : Contacts (PHP) : Index (PHP) : Instrument-fc (PHP) : Instrument (PHP) : Location (PHP) Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below...

53

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Point Reyes National Seashore, Point Reyes National Seashore, CaliforniaInstruments Point Reyes Deployment AMF Home Point Reyes Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Experiment Planning MASRAD Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Outreach Posters Climate Research at Point Reyes National Seashore (horizontal) Climate Research at Point Reyes National Seashore (vertical) News Campaign Images Instruments : Point Reyes CA, USA [ Single installation ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] AOS Aerosol Observing System Aerosols Browse Data [ Single installation ] CCN Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter Aerosols Browse Data [ Single installation ] ECOR Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System Surface/Subsurface Properties Browse Plots

54

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oliktok Point, Oliktok Point, AlaskaInstruments Oliktok Deployment AMF Home Oliktok Home Deployment Operations Baseline Instruments and Data Plots at the Archive Outreach News & Press New Sites Fact Sheet (PDF, 1.6MB) Images Contacts Fred Helsel, AMF Operations Lynne Roeder, Media Contact Hans Verlinde, Principal Investigator Instruments : Oliktok Point, Alaska [ Single installation ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Not Online [ Single installation ] CSAPR C-Band ARM Precipitation Radar Cloud Properties Not Online [ Single installation ] CSPHOT Cimel Sunphotometer Aerosols Browse Data [ Single installation ] DL Doppler Lidar Cloud Properties Not Online [ Single installation ] ECOR Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System Surface/Subsurface Properties Not Online [ Single installation ]

55

ARM - Instrument - prp  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsprp govInstrumentsprp Documentation PRP : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports PRP : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Portable Radiation Package (PRP) Instrument Categories Radiometric The Portable Radiation Package (PRP) is an instrument suite to collect atmospheric radiation measurements on a moving platform. The instrument suite consists of a Precision Spectral Pyranometer (PSP), Precision Infrared Radiometer (PIR), and continuously rotating shadowband radiometer. Output Datastreams 1sprprad : Portable Radiation Package: Broadband Radiometers, 1 second resolution 6sprpfrsr : Portable Radiation Package: Fast Rotating Shadowband

56

ARM - Campaign Instrument - ftir-raob  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Fourier Transform Infrared Radiometer and Raobs (FTIR-RAOB) Instrument Categories Atmospheric...

57

ARM - Instrument - rwp  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsrwp govInstrumentsrwp Documentation RWP : Handbook RWP : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports RWP : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Radar Wind Profiler (RWP) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling General Overview The radar wind profiler/radio acoustic sounding system (RWP/RASS), available in 915-MHz (for U.S. deployments) and 1290-MHz (for deployments outside the U.S.), measures wind profiles and backscattered signal strength between (nominally) 0.1 km and 5 km and virtual temperature profiles between 0.1 km and 2.5 km. It operates by transmitting electromagnetic energy into the atmosphere and measuring the strength and frequency of

58

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 428 (1999) 593}607 Radio-controlled xenon #ashers for atmospheric monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Denholm , J. Gloyn , D. He , Y. Ho , M.A. Huang , C.C.H. Jui , M.J. Kidd , D.B. Kieda , B. Knapp , S. Ko #ashers for atmospheric monitoring at the HiRes cosmic ray observatory L.R. Wiencke *, T. Abu-Zayyad , M , K. Larson , E.C. Loh , E.J. Mannel , J.N. Matthews , J.R. Meyer , A. Salman , K.M. Simpson , J

59

EMSL: Science: Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Full Instrument List Full Instrument List To help with proposal planning, icons in the table below indicate instrument availability: 10 hours a day, 5 days a week 24 hours a day, 7 days a week Instrument Contact 5500XL SOLiD Sequencers Markillie,Lye Meng Orr, Galya Analytical: Total Organic Carbon Analyzer (TOC) Wietsma, Tom Analytical: Chromatograph, Gas/Mass Spec System 2005 Wietsma, Tom Analytical: Chromatograph, Ion Wietsma, Tom Analytical: Chromatograph, Liquid Wietsma, Tom Atmospheric Pressure Reactor System Tonkyn, Russell Catalysis: UHV Model Catalysts, High Pressure Szanyi, Janos Computing: Cascade (Atipa 1440 Intel Xeon-Phi Node FDR-Infiniband Linux Cluster) Baxter, Doug Computing: Data File Storage (Aurora) (GB) Cowley, Dave Wright, Ryan CyTOF - Mass Cytometry Orr, Galya Deposition: Hybrid Thin Film Deposition System

60

Causes and Implications of Extreme Atmospheric Moisture Demand during the Record-Breaking 2011 Wildfire Season in the Southwestern United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2011, exceptionally low atmospheric moisture content combined with moderately high temperatures to produce a record-high vapor pressure deficit (VPD) in the southwestern United States (SW). These conditions combined with record-low cold-season ...

A. Park Williams; Richard Seager; Max Berkelhammer; Alison K. Macalady; Michael A. Crimmins; Thomas W. Swetnam; Anna T. Trugman; Nikolaus Buenning; Natalia Hryniw; Nate G. McDowell; David Noone; Claudia I. Mora; Thom Rahn

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

ACRF Instrumentation Status: New, Current, and Future January 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide a concise but comprehensive overview of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility instrumentation status. The report is divided into four sections: (1) new instrumentation in the process of being acquired and deployed, (2) existing instrumentation and progress on improvements or upgrades, (3) proposed future instrumentation, and (4) Small Business Innovation Research instrument development.

JC Liljegren

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

ARM - Instrument - gvr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsgvr govInstrumentsgvr Documentation GVR : Handbook GVR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports GVR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : G-band (183 GHz) Vapor Radiometer (GVR) Instrument Categories Radiometric Picture of the G-band (183 GHz) Vapor Radiometer (GVR) Picture of the G-band (183 GHz) Vapor Radiometer (GVR) General Overview The G-Band Vapor Radiometer (GVR) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from four double sideband channels centered at ±1, ±3, ±7, and ±14 GHz around the 183.31-GHz water vapor line. Atmospheric emission in this spectral region is primarily due to water vapor, with some

63

ARM - Instrument - sirs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentssirs govInstrumentssirs Documentation SIRS : Handbook SIRS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports SIRS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Solar and Infrared Radiation Station (SIRS) Instrument Categories Radiometric Picture of the Solar Infrared Radiation Station (SIRS) Picture of the Solar Infrared Radiation Station (SIRS) General Overview The Solar Infrared Radiation Station (SIRS) provides continuous measurements of broadband shortwave (solar) and longwave (atmospheric or infrared) irradiances for downwelling and upwelling components. These 1-minute data are collected from a network of stations to help determine

64

ARM - Instrument - vceil  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsvceil govInstrumentsvceil Documentation VCEIL : Handbook VCEIL : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports VCEIL : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Vaisala Ceilometer (VCEIL) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, Atmospheric Profiling Picture of the Vaisala Ceilometer (Model CL31) Picture of the Vaisala Ceilometer (Model CL31) General Overview The Vaisala Ceilometer (VCEIL) is a self-contained, ground-based, active, remote-sensing device designed to measure cloud-base height, vertical visibility, and potential backscatter signals by aerosols. It detects up to three cloud layers simultaneously. Model CL31 has a maximum vertical range

65

ARM - Instrument - pgs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentspgs govInstrumentspgs Documentation PGS : Handbook PGS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports PGS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Precision Carbon Dioxide Mixing Ratio System (PGS) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Carbon Picture of the Precision CO2 Mixing Ratio System (PGS) Picture of the Precision CO2 Mixing Ratio System (PGS) General Overview This precision gas system (PGS) makes high-accuracy, high-precision measurements of CO2 mixing ratio (ppmv dry air) in air sampled at 2, 4, 25, and 60 m above the ground. Output Datastreams pgs : Precision Gas System (CO2): 2, 4, 25, 60 m Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant.

66

ARM - Instrument - aos  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsaos govInstrumentsaos Documentation AOS : Handbook AOS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports AOS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Aerosol Observing System (AOS) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Aerosols General Overview The aerosol observing system (AOS) is the primary Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) platform for in situ aerosol measurements at the surface. The principal measurements are those of the aerosol absorption and scattering coefficients as a function of the particle size and radiation wavelength. Additional measurements include those of the particle number concentration, size distribution, hygroscopic growth, and inorganic

67

ARM - Instrument - tps  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentstps govInstrumentstps Documentation TPS : Handbook TPS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports TPS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Total Precipitation Sensor (TPS) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Total Precipitation Sensor (TPS) Picture of the Total Precipitation Sensor (TPS) General Overview The total precipitation sensor (TPS) measures atmospheric temperature, horizontal wind, and precipitation. It consists of a sensor head and electronics enclosure that are integrated as a single unit. Output Datastreams tps : Total Precipitation Sensor Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant.

68

ARM - Instrument - tracegas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentstracegas govInstrumentstracegas Documentation TRACEGAS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports TRACEGAS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Trace gas concentrations (TRACEGAS) Instrument Categories Aerosols Concentrations of trace gases important for atmospheric chemistry and aerosol particle formation (e.g., carbon monoxide, various nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and ozone) typically are measured by gas filter correlation, fluorescence, or chemiluminescence. The TRACEGAS is part of the Aerosol Observing System (AOS). Output Datastreams aosco : AOS: Carbon Monoxide Analyzer aosnox : AOS: Oxides of Nitrogen Analyzer

69

ARM - Instrument - mwrhf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsmwrhf govInstrumentsmwrhf Documentation MWRHF : Handbook MWRHF : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports MWRHF : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Microwave Radiometer - High Frequency (MWRHF) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Cloud Properties, Atmospheric Profiling Picture of the Microwave Radiometer-High Frequency (MWRHF) Picture of the Microwave Radiometer-High Frequency (MWRHF) General Overview The Microwave Radiometer-High Frequency (MWRHF) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from two channels centered at 90 and 150 GHz. These two channels are sensitive to the presence of liquid water and precipitable water vapor.

70

ARM - Instrument - mmcr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsmmcr govInstrumentsmmcr Documentation MMCR : Handbook MMCR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports MMCR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Millimeter Wavelength Cloud Radar (MMCR) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Picture of the Millimeter Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR) Picture of the Millimeter Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR) General Overview The MMCR systems probe the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The MMCR is a zenith-pointing radar that operates at a frequency of 35 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., cloud bottoms and tops). This radar will also report radar reflectivity (dBZ) of the atmosphere up to 20 km.

71

ARM - Instrument - wacr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentswacr govInstrumentswacr Documentation WACR : Handbook WACR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports WACR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : W-Band (95 GHz) ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Latest version W-band ARM cloud radar Latest version W-band ARM cloud radar General Overview The W-band Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Cloud Radar (WACR) systems are zenith pointing Doppler radars that probe the extent and composition of clouds at 95.04 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., cloud bottoms and tops). This radar reports estimates for the first three spectra moments for each range gate

72

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FacilitiesAMF Deployment, Ganges Valley, FacilitiesAMF Deployment, Ganges Valley, IndiaInstruments Ganges Valley Deployment AMF Home Ganges Valley Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Campaign Images WRF Model Simulations for GVAX Experiment Planning GVAX Full Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan Outreach GVAX Backgrounder (PDF, 1.4MB) News Education Flyer (PDF, 2.1MB) AMF Poster, 2011 Images Contacts V. Rao Kotamarthi Instruments : Ganges Valley, India [ Single installation ] AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Radiometric Browse Plots Browse Data [ Single installation ] AOS Aerosol Observing System Aerosols Browse Data [ Single installation ] CCN Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter Aerosols Browse Data [ Single installation ] CLAP Continuous Light Absorption Photometer Aerosols Browse Data

73

An Open-path Laser Transmissometer for Atmospheric Extinction Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A transmissometer is an optical instrument which measures transmitted intensity of monochromatic light over a fixed pathlength. Prototype of a simple laser transmissometer has been developed for transmission (or extinction) measurements through suspended absorbers and scatterers in the atmosphere over tens of meters. Instrument consists of a continuous green diode pumped solid state laser, transmission optics, photodiode detectors and A/D data acquisition components. A modulated laser beam is transmitted and subsequently reflected and returned to the unit by a retroreflecting mirror assembly placed several tens of meters away. Results from an open-path field measurement of the instrument are described.

Chandran, P. M. Satheesh; Krishnakumar, C. P.; Varma, Ravi [Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology Calicut, Calicut, Kerala 673 601 (India); Yuen, Wangki; Rood, Mark J. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana (United States)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

74

New generation of the SORTI instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New generation of the SORTI instruments New generation of the SORTI instruments Hawat, Tom Denver University Murcray, Frank University of Denver Category: Instruments In order to generate long-term monitoring data of the atmospheric composition using SORTI instrument and integrated in the Aura validation campaign, a new instrument generation has been developed. SORTI is a Fourier Transform Spectrometer system, including an automatic solar tracker and a computer for control, data processing, and storage. SORTI is refurbished and operates to generate very high spectral resolution (~0.004 cm-1) infrared spectra (2.5 to 14 microns, 4000 to 750 cm-1) of the earth's atmosphere using the sun as the external source. The instrument enables one to perform the operation of the spectrometric atmospheric

75

Instrumented SSH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NERSC recently undertook a project to access and analyze Secure Shell (SSH) related data. This includes authentication data such as user names and key fingerprints, interactive session data such as keystrokes and responses, and information about noninteractive sessions such as commands executed and files transferred. Historically, this data has been inaccessible with traditional network monitoring techniques, but with a modification to the SSH daemon, this data can be passed directly to intrusion detection systems for analysis. The instrumented version of SSH is now running on all NERSC production systems. This paper describes the project, details about how SSH was instrumented, and the initial results of putting this in production.

Campbell, Scott; Campbell, Scott

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

76

ARM - Instrument - wpdn  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentswpdn govInstrumentswpdn Documentation WPDN : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling General Overview Data from an array of wind profilers are provided from NOAA's Forecast Systems Laboratory (FSL) Demonstration Division . These data include wind profiles, spectral moments, RASS temperature profiles, GPS, and surface observations. Output Datastreams 06fslwpdnmet : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): 6-min meteorological data 06fslwpdnrass : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): 6-min RASS data 06wpdnmmts : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): 6-min wind moments 60fslwpdnmet : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): meteorology data,

77

ARM - Campaign Instrument - aerosmassspec  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsaerosmassspec govInstrumentsaerosmassspec Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AEROSMASSSPEC) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Atmospheric Carbon, Airborne Observations Campaigns 2006 MAX-Mex-Megacity Aerosol eXperiment - Mexico City [ Download Data ] Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites, 2006.03.03 - 2006.03.28 2007 Cumulus Humilis Aerosol Process Study (CHAPS) [ Download Data ] Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites, 2007.06.04 - 2007.06.25 2008 VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmos-Land Study (VOCALS) [ Download Data ] Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites, 2008.10.14 - 2008.11.13 Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES) [ Download Data ]

78

ARM - Campaign Instrument - ronbrown  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsronbrown govInstrumentsronbrown Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NOAA Research Vessel Ron Brown (RONBROWN) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Radiometric, Cloud Properties, Ocean Observations, Surface Meteorology, Atmospheric Profiling Campaigns Nauru99 Campaign [ Download Data ] Tropical Western Pacific, 1999.06.16 - 1999.07.15 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Sea surface temperature Aerosol absorption Liquid water content Particle number concentration Cloud fraction

79

ARM - Campaign Instrument - ecmwfdiag  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsecmwfdiag govInstrumentsecmwfdiag Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses (ECMWFDIAG) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models Campaigns Fall 1997 SCM IOP [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 1997.09.15 - 1997.10.05 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Ice water content Soil surface temperature Vertical velocity Liquid water content Cloud fraction Soil moisture Precipitation Horizontal wind Atmospheric temperature

80

ARM - Campaign Instrument - mirai  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsmirai govInstrumentsmirai Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai (MIRAI) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Cloud Properties, Ocean Observations, Surface Meteorology, Atmospheric Profiling Campaigns Nauru99 Campaign [ Download Data ] Tropical Western Pacific, 1999.06.16 - 1999.07.15 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Sea surface temperature Liquid water content Cloud fraction CO2 concentration Backscatter depolarization ratio Hydrometeor size

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ARM - Instrument - tao  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentstao govInstrumentstao Documentation TAO : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean from Buoys (TAO) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Ocean Observations, Surface Meteorology General Overview These data files contain 2-minute average radiation and 10-minute average meteorology, precipitation, salinity and sea surface temperature data from the seven TAO buoys located on the 165E line (8n, 5n, 2n, 0n, 2s, 5s, 8s) of the TAO Buoy Array. Data from these buoys are stored in monthly netCDF files that are generated by PMEL. The radiation data were obtained from TAO Array moorings through a collaborative effort between NOAA/PMEL/TAO and

82

ARM - Campaign Instrument - pdlidar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentspdlidar govInstrumentspdlidar Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Polarization Diversity Lidar (PDLIDAR) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties, Atmospheric Profiling Campaigns CRYSTAL-FACE [ Download Data ] Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites, 2002.06.26 - 2002.08.01 M-PACE - Polarization Diversity Lidar (PDL) [ Download Data ] North Slope Alaska, 2004.09.01 - 2004.10.21 Remote Cloud Sensing (RCS) Field Evaluation [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 1994.04.01 - 1994.05.31 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance

83

Instrumental Requirements for Global Atmospheric Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...lower stratosphere-upper troposphere research generally. The Boeing Condor (27), for example, can fly for a few days continuous-ly...available, however. The drone aircraft mentioned above, the Boeing Condor, is capable of a continuous unattended flight of a few...

D. L. Albritton; F. C. Fehsenfeld; A. F. Tuck

1990-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

84

WIND SPEED AND ATMOSPHERIC STABILITY TRENDS FOR SELECTED UNITED STATES SURFACE STATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently it has been suggested that global warming and a decrease in mean wind speeds over most land masses are related. Decreases in near surface wind speeds have been reported by previous investigators looking at records with time spans of 15 to 30 years. This study focuses on United States (US) surface stations that have little or no location change since the late 1940s or the 1950s--a time range of up to 58 years. Data were selected from 62 stations (24 of which had not changed location) and separated into ten groups for analysis. The group's annual averages of temperature, wind speed, and percentage of Pasquill-Gifford (PG) stability categories were fitted with linear least squares regression lines. The results showed that the temperatures have increased for eight of the ten groups as expected. Wind speeds have decreased for nine of the ten groups. The mean slope of the wind speed trend lines for stations within the coterminous US was -0.77 m s{sup -1} per century. The percentage frequency of occurrence for the neutral (D) PG stability category decreased, while that for the unstable (B) and the stable (F) categories increased in almost all cases except for the group of stations located in Alaska.

Buckley, R; Allen H. Weber, A

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

AP Instrumentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrumentation Instrumentation Group's Instrumentation Bruker Avance NMR (400 MHz for 1H). Bruker Kappa Apex II diffractometer. Laser transient absorption facility. Laser excitation in UV and visible: Continuum Leopard SS-10-SV Nd/YAG, 60 ps pulse; Continuum Powerlite 7010 Nd/YAG, 6 ns pulse (266 nm, 355 nm, 532nm), Opotek Vibrant LD 355 II OPO, 6 ns pulse (410 - 2650 nm continuously). Detection in Uv-Vis-NIR at single wavelength with Xe lamp probe (260 - 800 nm, time resolution ca. 100 ps with biplanar tube; 400 - 1600 nm, time resolution 2-3 ns with diode detectors; 260 - 800 nm, time resolution 2-3 ns with PMT). Detection in MIR, spectral region with step-scan FTIR FT-IRS-66/V (4500 - 400 cm-1), time resolution ca. 35 ns, single wavelength with Quantum cascade lasers (2317-2197, 2235-2105, 2230-2020, 2072-1977, 1981-1873, 1903-1774, 1813-1692, 1670-1536, 1395-1306, 1258-1181 and 1135-1051 cm-1), time resolution ca. 5ns. Transient digitizers available: LeCroy HDO4034 350 MHz 12-bit; LeCroy 8620A 6 GHz; Tek DPO 4032 350 MHz; Tek DPO 4054B 500 MHz.

86

Atmospheric Chemistry  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

competencies Atmospheric Chemistry Atmospheric Chemistry is the study of the composition of the atmosphere, the sources and fates of gases and particles in air, and changes induced...

87

ARM - Instrument - usdarad  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsusdarad govInstrumentsusdarad Documentation USDARAD : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Radiation Monitoring Data (USDARAD) Instrument Categories Radiometric Picture of the USDA radiometer at the SGP site Picture of the USDA radiometer at the SGP site General Overview The USDA UV-B Monitoring and Research Program is a program of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service (CSREES). The program was initiated in 1992, through a grant to Colorado State University, to provide information on the geographical distribution and temporal trends of UVB (ultraviolet -B)

88

Microsoft Word - Instrument Status - January 2007 formatted.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ACRF Instrumentation Status: New, Current, and Future January 2007 James Liljegren ACRF Instrument Team Coordinator Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research Summary The purpose of this report is to provide a concise but comprehensive overview of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility instrumentation status. The report is divided into four sections: (1) new instrumentation in the process of being acquired and deployed, (2) existing instrumentation and progress on improvements or upgrades, (3) proposed future instrumentation, and (4) Small Business Innovation Research instrument development. New information is highlighted in

89

Microsoft Word - Instrument Status - Nov-Dec 2006 formatted .doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 ACRF Instrumentation Status: New, Current, and Future November-December 2006 James Liljegren ACRF Instrument Team Coordinator Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research Summary The purpose of this report is to provide a concise but comprehensive overview of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility instrumentation status. The report is divided into four sections: (1) new instrumentation in the process of being acquired and deployed, (2) existing instrumentation and progress on improvements or upgrades, (3) proposed future instrumentation, and (4) Small Business Innovation Research instrument development. New information is highlighted in

90

Atmospheric radiation measurement program facilities newsletter, June 2002.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ARM Intensive Operational Period Scheduled to Validate New NASA Satellite--Beginning in July, all three ARM sites (Southern Great Plains [SGP], North Slope of Alaska, and Tropical Western Pacific; Figure 1) will participate in the AIRS Validation IOP. This three-month intensive operational period (IOP) will validate data collected by the satellite-based Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) recently launched into space. On May 4, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launched Aqua, the second spacecraft in the Earth Observing System (EOS) series. The EOS satellites monitor Earth systems including land surfaces, oceans, the atmosphere, and ice cover. The first EOS satellite, named Terra, was launched in December 1999. The second EOS satellite is named Aqua because its primary focus is understanding Earth's water cycle through observation of atmospheric moisture, clouds, temperature, ocean surface, precipitation, and soil moisture. One of the instruments aboard Aqua is the AIRS, built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a NASA agency. The AIRS Validation IOP complements the ARM mission to improve understanding of the interactions of clouds and atmospheric moisture with solar radiation and their influence on weather and climate. In support of satellite validation IOP, ARM will launch dedicated radiosondes at all three ARM sites while the Aqua satellite with the AIRS instrument is orbiting overhead. These radiosonde launches will occur 45 minutes and 5 minutes before selected satellite overpasses. In addition, visiting scientists from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory will launch special radiosondes to measure ozone and humidity over the SGP site. All launches will generate ground-truth data to validate satellite data collected simultaneously. Data gathered daily by ARM meteorological and solar radiation instruments will complete the validation data sets. Data from Aqua-based instruments, including AIRS, will aid in weather forecasting, climate modeling, and greenhouse gas studies. These instruments will provide more accurate, detailed global observations of weather and atmospheric parameters that will, in turn, improve the accuracy and quality of weather forecasts. A satellite-based instrument is cost-effective because it can provide continuous global measurements, eliminating isolated yet costly weather balloon releases. Aqua, launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California (Figure 2), carries six state-of-the-art instruments that measure various water vapor parameters: (1) AIRS, which measures atmospheric temperature and humidity, land and sea surface temperatures, cloud properties, and radiative energy flux; (2) Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit, which measures atmospheric temperature and humidity during both cloudy and cloud-free periods; (3) Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer, which measures cloud properties, radiative energy flux, precipitation rates, land surface wetness, sea ice, snow cover, sea surface temperature, and wind fields; (4) Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System, which measures radiative energy flux; (5) Humidity Sounder for Brazil, which measures atmospheric humidity by using a passive scanning microwave radiometer; and (6) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, which measures cloud properties, radiative energy flux, aerosol properties, land cover and land use change, vegetation dynamics, land surface temperature, fire occurrence, volcanic effects, sea surface temperature, ocean color, snow cover, atmospheric temperature and humidity, and sea ice. The data-gathering capabilities of the Aqua instruments will provide an unprecedented view of atmosphere-land interactions (Figure 3). The availability of more frequent, more accurate global measurements of important atmospheric parameters will both improve our capabilities for short-term weather forecasting and lead to a better understanding of climate variability and climate change. Simultaneous measurements of many parameters will allow scientists to study complicated forcings and feedbacks of the atmosphere, which can be

Holdridge, D. J.

2002-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

91

ARM - Instrument - co2flx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsco2flx govInstrumentsco2flx Documentation CO2FLX : Handbook CO2FLX : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports CO2FLX : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems (CO2FLX) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Carbon General Overview The Southern Great Plains (SGP) carbon dioxide flux (CO2 flux) measurement systems provide half-hour average fluxes of CO2, H2O (latent heat), and sensible heat. The fluxes are obtained by the eddy covariance technique, which computes the flux as the mean product of the vertical wind component with CO2 and H2O densities, or estimated virtual temperature. A three-dimensional sonic anemometer is used to obtain the orthogonal wind

92

The quenching effect of hydrogen on the nitrogen in metastable state in atmospheric-pressure N{sub 2}-H{sub 2} microwave plasma torch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The atmospheric-pressure microwave N{sub 2}-H{sub 2} plasma torch is generated and diagnosed by optical emission spectroscopy. It is found that a large amount of N atoms and NH radicals are generated in the plasma torch and the emission intensity of N{sub 2}{sup +} first negative band is the strongest over the spectra. The mixture of hydrogen in nitrogen plasma torch causes the morphology of the plasma discharge to change with appearance that the afterglow shrinks greatly and the emission intensity of N{sub 2}{sup +} first negative band decreases with more hydrogen mixed into nitrogen plasma. In atmospheric-pressure microwave-induced plasma torch, the hydrogen imposes a great influence on the characteristics of nitrogen plasma through the quenching effect of the hydrogen on the metastable state of N{sub 2}.

Li, Shou-Zhe, E-mail: lisz@dlut.edu.cn; Zhang, Xin; Chen, Chuan-Jie; Zhang, Jialiang [Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion, Electron Beams (Dalian University of Technology), Ministry of Education, Dalian 116024 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Wang, Yong-Xing [College of Electrical Engineering, Dalian 116024 (China); Xia, Guang-Qing [School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

93

Energy Transport by Nonlinear Internal Waves College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Transport by Nonlinear Internal Waves J. N. MOUM College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences in the bottom bound- ary layer. In the nonlinear internal waves that were observed, the kinetic energy. The energy transported by these waves includes a nonlinear advection term uE that is negligible in linear

Kurapov, Alexander

94

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmosphere packaging systems Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Associate Engineer Focus: Designdeployment of instrumentation for atmospheric and ecosystem... with background in design, construction, deployment and maintenance of...

95

Instrument Development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cloud and Aerosol Characterization for Cloud and Aerosol Characterization for the ARM Central Facility: Multiple Remote Sensor Techniques Development K. Sassen Department of Meteorology University of Utah Salt lake City, UT 84112 overcome the poor data-handling capabilities that handi- capped multiple-channellidar studies in the past. The true diversity of transmitted and received polarization states of our system is illustrated at the bottom of Table 1. Note that the first full POL field tests will be made at the upcoming 1991 Project First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) Intensive Field Observations II campaign, where our unit will be one of severallidars and radars located at a central site serving as the hub for research aircraft operations. The increasingly complex data collected by the POL and other remote sensors using different wave-

96

Instrumentation for WEC Testing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ean A. Amon Ean A. Amon Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center MHK Instrumentation Workshop, NREL, July 2012 The Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center * A partnership between Oregon State University, the University of Washington, & the National Renewable Energy Lab. * Develop a full range of capabilities to support wave and tidal energy development, from small-scale lab and tank systems to full-scale ocean facilities. * Center activities are structured to: * facilitate device commercialization, * inform regulatory and policy decisions, * close key gaps in understanding. Funding for NNMREC is provided by DOE, OSU, UW and multiple partners NNMREC Scaling, Development and Evaluation Resources

97

WNR Instrument Contacts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrument Contacts Name Flight Path Position Phone Pager Cell Ullmann, John 1FP14(DANCE) Instrument Scientist 667-2517 664-3523 Couture, Aaron 1FP14(DANCE) Instrument Assistant...

98

ARM - Instrument - toms  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) Instrument Categories Satellite Observations General Overview Global data derived from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) instrument on the...

99

Candidate Selection Instrument  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The candidate selection instrument is designed to take the guesswork out of selecting candidates for the various career development programs of interest. The instrument is straightforward and...

100

EMSL: Capabilities: Instrument Development Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrument Development Laboratory Instrument Development Laboratory The mission of the Instrument Development Laboratory (IDL) is to design, develop, and deploy advanced state-of-the-art instrument systems and custom application software in support of the ongoing experimental research efforts within EMSL. IDL staff design and develop much of the custom hardware and software used at EMSL, and provide the critical support necessary to rapidly modify or adapt a user's system to help the user achieve the world-class results they expect at EMSL. Additional Information IDL Home Meet the IDL Experts IDL Innovations IDL Brochure IDL staff provide electrical engineering expertise in high-voltage, radiofrequency, and high-speed analog and digital systems; digital signaling processing and FPGA technology; and rapid prototyping. In

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ORNL Neutron Sciences Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instruments banner Instruments banner ORNL Neutron Sciences Instruments SNS and HFIR provide researchers with two complementary world-class suites of neutron scattering instruments and beam lines. All the instruments are supported by a variety of sample environments and data analysis and visualization capabilities. Before submitting a proposal for a specific instrument, please contact the appropriate instrument scientist to make sure your research is feasible for that instrument. Instruments Currently Available to Users SNS Beam Line Instrument Name HFIR Beam Line Instrument Name 1B NOMAD Nanoscale-Ordered Materials Diffractometer CG-1 Development Beam Line 2 BASIS Backscattering Spectrometer CG-1D IMAGING Neutron Imaging Prototype Facility 3 SNAP Spallation Neutrons and Pressure Diffractometer CG-2 GP-SANS

102

Career Map: Instrumentation Coordinator  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Wind Program's Career Map provides job description information for Instrumentation Coordinator positions.

103

ARM - Site Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FacilityInstruments FacilityInstruments AAF Information Proposal Process Science (PDF) Baseline Instruments Campaign Instruments Instrumentation Workshop 2008 AAF Fact Sheet G-1 Fact Sheet Images Field Campaigns AAF Campaigns 2007 - UAV Campaigns 1993 - 2006, 2015 Other Aircraft Campaigns 1993 - 2010 AAF Contacts Rickey Petty DOE AAF Program Director Beat Schmid Technical Director AAF Baseline Instruments The following instruments represent available capabilities. The needs of each field campaign will be assessed and additional instruments may be added upon request. For a list of past campaign instruments and their data, see the Airborne Observations instruments. Examples of cabin configurations for the G-1 from past and upcoming campaigns are also available. Payload Example from 2010 Payload Example from 2010

104

MR Instrument Team - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MR-Instrument Team MR-Instrument Team MR instrument team MR Team (left to right): Valeria Lauter, Lead Instrument Scientist, Primary Contact Artur Glavic, Instrument Scientist Hailemariam Ambaye, Scientific Associate Rick Goyette, Scientific Associate Lead Instrument Scientist: Dr. Valeria Lauter Valeria Lauter Beam line 4A's lead instrument scientist is Valeria Lauter. Valeria received her PhD in Experimental and Theoretical Solid State Physics from the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia. Her previous work has been as a Research Scientist at the Technical University of Munich, Germany; Research Scientist at the University of Konstanz, Germany; Visiting Scientist at the Institute Laue-Langevin in Grenoble, France; Research Scientist at the Laboratoire de Magnetisme CNRS in Grenoble,

105

Musical Atmospherics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE characteristics of audio musical atmospherics which are obtained when an ... musical atmospherics which are obtained when an audio amplifier is placed in a long line or aerial have been discussed from time to ...

T. L. ECKERSLEY

1935-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

106

Synopsis of Atmospheric Research under MAGS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cold regions present a challenge to atmospheric and hydrologic research. Their low temperatures test the endurance of field workers and their instruments; their distance from large urban centers raises the cos...

Ming-ko Woo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Atmospheric Dynamics of Exoplanets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The characterization of exoplanetary atmospheres has come of age in the last decade, as astronomical techniques now allow for albedos, chemical abundances, temperature profiles and maps, rotation periods and even wind speeds to be measured. Atmospheric dynamics sets the background state of density, temperature and velocity that determines or influences the spectral and temporal appearance of an exoplanetary atmosphere. Hot exoplanets are most amenable to these characterization techniques; in the present review, we focus on highly-irradiated, large exoplanets (the "hot Jupiters"), as astronomical data begin to confront theoretical questions. We summarize the basic atmospheric quantities inferred from the astronomical observations. We review the state of the art by addressing a series of current questions and look towards the future by considering a separate set of exploratory questions. Attaining the next level of understanding will require a concerted effort of constructing multi-faceted, multi-wavelength dat...

Heng, Kevin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Thermal springs list for the United States; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Key to Geophysical Records Documentation No. 12  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The compilation has 1702 thermal spring locations in 23 of the 50 States, arranged alphabetically by State (Postal Service abbreviation) and degrees of latitude and longitude within the State. It shows spring name, surface temperature in degrees Fahrenheit and degrees Celsius; USGS Professional Paper 492 number, USGS Circular 790 number, NOAA number, north to south on each degree of latitude and longitude of the listed. USGS 1:250,000-scale (AMS) map; and the USGS topographic map coverage, 1:63360- or 1:62500-scale (15-minute) or 1:24000-scale (7.5-minute) quadrangle also included is an alphabetized list showing only the spring name and the State in which it is located. Unnamed springs are omitted. The list includes natural surface hydrothermal features: springs, pools, mud pots, mud volcanoes, geysers, fumaroles, and steam vents at temperature of 20{sup 0}C (68[sup 0}F) or greater. It does not include wells or mines, except at sites where they supplement or replace natural vents presently or recently active, or, in some places, where orifices are not distinguishable as natural or artificial. The listed springs are located on the USGS 1:250,000 (AMS) topographic maps. (MHR)

Berry, G.W.; Grim, P.J.; Ikelman, J.A. (comps.)

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

New instruments for measuring landfill gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New instruments for measuring landfill gases ... The legislation mandates that landfill operators monitor more than 1200 active sites for specific pollution products. ... According to Varian, the instrumentation systems can be adapted easily to meet landfill testing requirements that might be enacted in states other than California. ...

RUDY BAUM

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

ARM - Recovery Act Instruments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ActRecovery Act Instruments ActRecovery Act Instruments Recovery Act Logo Subscribe FAQs Recovery Act Instruments Recovery Act Fact Sheet March 2010 Poster (PDF, 10MB) External Resources Recovery Act - Federal Recovery Act - DOE Recovery Act - ANL Recovery Act - BNL Recovery Act - LANL Recovery Act - PNNL Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Recovery Act Instruments These pages provide a breakdown of the new instruments planned for installation among the permanent and mobile ARM sites. In addition, several instruments will be purchased for use throughout the facility and deployed as needed. These are considered "facility spares" and are included in the table below. View All | Hide All ARM Aerial Facility Instrument Title Instrument Mentor Measurement Group Measurements

111

ARM - Campaign Instrument - aps  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (APS) Instrument Categories Aerosols Campaigns Application of the...

112

Instruments and Capabilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atom Probe Tomography Facility Cameca Instruments, Inc. LEAP 4000X HR Cameca Instruments, Inc. LEAP 2017 FEI Nova 200 Dual Beam FIB with EDS Contact: Mike Miller, millermk@ornl.gov...

113

GUIDE TO SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ventilated... long-life heating element... cast aluminum...height. 11 5v a-c. Price complete with 5' cord...Data Plotter, Hand Connecticut Instrument 937. Spectrophotometer...Process Instruments Div. Connecticut Instrument-l OCTOBER...Detec-tion To 5004C. 10. Price? So very low for such...

1962-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

114

Atmospheric Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is a brief overview of the theory and experimental data of atmospheric neutrino production at the fiftieth anniversary of the experimental discovery of neutrinos.

Thomas K. Gaisser

2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

115

Raciometry J. W. Griffin, Technical Monitor ARM Instrument Development Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

J. W. Griffin, Technical Monitor J. W. Griffin, Technical Monitor ARM Instrument Development Program Pacific Northwest Laboratory Richland, Washington the end of FY93 are noted. Fiscal Year 1993 is the third and final year of the initial (3-year) funding cycle for ARM- funded instrument development projects. That is, IDP principal investigators will be required to submit a new proposal in order to be considered for funding beyond September 30, 1993. As for the first funding cycle, continuation proposals will be peer-reviewed and funding awarded on a competitive basis. Goals of the Instrument Development Program The primary goal of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Instrument Development Program (lOP) is to develop fieldable atmospheric sensing systems which 1) provide a needed atmospheric observation/

116

U.S. Natural Gas System Methane Emissions: State of Knowledge from LCAs, Inventories, and Atmospheric Measurements (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural gas (NG) is a potential "bridge fuel" during transition to a decarbonized energy system: It emits less carbon dioxide during combustion than other fossil fuels and can be used in many industries. However, because of the high global warming potential of methane (CH4, the major component of NG), climate benefits from NG use depend on system leakage rates. Some recent estimates of leakage have challenged the benefits of switching from coal to NG, a large near-term greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction opportunity. During this presentation, Garvin will review evidence from multiple perspectives - life cycle assessments (LCAs), inventories and measurements - about NG leakage in the US. Particular attention will be paid to a recent article in Science magazine which reviewed over 20 years of published measurements to better understand what we know about total methane emissions and those from the oil and gas sectors. Scientific and policy implications of the state of knowledge will be discussed.

Heath, G.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

DOE research on atmospheric aerosols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric aerosols are the subject of a significant component of research within DOE`s environmental research activities, mainly under two programs within the Department`s Environmental Sciences Division, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Atmospheric Chemistry Program (ACP). Research activities conducted under these programs include laboratory experiments, field measurements, and theoretical and modeling studies. The objectives and scope of these programs are briefly summarized. The ARM Program is the Department`s major research activity focusing on atmospheric processes pertinent to understanding global climate and developing the capability of predicting global climate change in response to energy related activities. The ARM approach consists mainly of testing and improving models using long-term measurements of atmospheric radiation and controlling variables at highly instrumented sites in north central Oklahoma, in the Tropical Western Pacific, and on the North Slope of Alaska. Atmospheric chemistry research within DOE addresses primarily the issue of atmospheric response to emissions from energy-generation sources. As such this program deals with the broad topic known commonly as the atmospheric source-receptor sequence. This sequence consists of all aspects of energy-related pollutants from the time they are emitted from their sources to the time they are redeposited at the Earth`s surface.

Schwartz, S.E.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 562 (2006) 380388 Modeling solid-state boron carbide low energy neutron detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbide low energy neutron detectors C. Lundstedta,b , A. Harkena,c , E. Daya,c , B.W. Robertsona,c , S types of solid-state boron carbide detector. These results provide the basis for distinguishing between-section. At the University of Nebraska, Lincoln (UNL), a semiconducting form of boron carbide has been developed over

119

Instrumentation for vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Considering an instrumentation system (Fig. 5.1), having an input x i (t) and an output x 0(t), a system frequency response function can be established, ...

Gheorghe Buzdugan; Elena Mih?ilescu; Mircea Rade?

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

DOE/SC-ARM/P-07-002.3 ACRF Instrumentation Status: New, Current, and Future  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 ACRF Instrumentation Status: New, Current, and Future March 2007 James Liljegren ACRF Instrument Team Coordinator Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research Summary The purpose of this report is to provide a concise but comprehensive overview of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility instrumentation status. The report is divided into four sections: (1) new instrumentation in the process of being acquired and deployed, (2) existing instrumentation and progress on improvements or upgrades, (3) proposed future instrumentation, and (4) Small Business Innovation Research instrument development. New information is highlighted in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Microsoft Word - Instrument Status - February 2007 formatted_P-07-002.2.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 ACRF Instrumentation Status: New, Current, and Future February 2007 James Liljegren ACRF Instrument Team Coordinator Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research Summary The purpose of this report is to provide a concise but comprehensive overview of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility instrumentation status. The report is divided into four sections: (1) new instrumentation in the process of being acquired and deployed, (2) existing instrumentation and progress on improvements or upgrades, (3) proposed future instrumentation, and (4) Small Business Innovation Research instrument development. New information is highlighted in

122

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 360 (1995) 17-21 INSTRUMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spectrum in the energy range 4-50 GeV and took place from Ft. Sumner, New Mexico. 1. Introduction The mainNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 360 (1995) 17-21 ELSEVIER NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS and Sezione I.N.F.N. dell'Universitci "La Sapienza", Roma, Italy h New Mexico State University, Las Cruces

Morselli, Aldo

123

Atmospheric tritium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research progress for the year 1979 to 1980 are reported. Concentrations of tritiated water vapor, tritium gas and tritiated hydrocarbons in the atmosphere at selected sampling points are presented. (ACR)

Oestlund, H.G.; Mason, A.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Instruments | Neutron Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NScD Careers NScD Careers Supporting Organizations Neutron Science Home | Science & Discovery | Neutron Science | Instruments SHARE Instruments at SNS and HFIR SNS Instrument Name HFIR Instrument Name 1B NOMAD - Nanoscale-Ordered Materials Diffractometer CG-1 Development Beam Line 2 BASIS - Backscattering Spectrometer CG-1D IMAGING - Neutron Imaging Prototype Facility 3 SNAP - Spallation Neutrons and Pressure Diffractometer CG-2 GP-SANS - General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer 4A MR - Magnetism Reflectometer CG-3 Bio-SANS - Biological Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument 4B LR - Liquids Reflectometer CG-4C CTAX - Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer 5 CNCS - Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer HB-1 PTAX - Polarized Triple-Axis Spectrometer

125

ARM - Instrument - mettwr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsmettwr govInstrumentsmettwr Documentation METTWR : Handbook METTWR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports METTWR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Surface and Tower Meteorological Instrumentation at NSA (METTWR) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Surface meteorological measurements from tower (METTWR) Picture of the Surface meteorological measurements from tower (METTWR) General Overview Surface and Tower Meteorological Instrumentation at NSA (METTWR) use mainly conventional in situ sensors to measure wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, dew point, and humidity mounted on either a 10-m or a 40-m

126

Cellular telephone-based radiation detection instrument  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A network of radiation detection instruments, each having a small solid state radiation sensor module integrated into a cellular phone for providing radiation detection data and analysis directly to a user. The sensor module includes a solid-state crystal bonded to an ASIC readout providing a low cost, low power, light weight compact instrument to detect and measure radiation energies in the local ambient radiation field. In particular, the photon energy, time of event, and location of the detection instrument at the time of detection is recorded for real time transmission to a central data collection/analysis system. The collected data from the entire network of radiation detection instruments are combined by intelligent correlation/analysis algorithms which map the background radiation and detect, identify and track radiation anomalies in the region.

Craig, William W. (Pittsburg, CA); Labov, Simon E. (Berkeley, CA)

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

127

Licenses Available in Analytical Instrumentation | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analytical Instrumentation Analytical Instrumentation SHARE Analytical Instrumentation 199700361 Neutron Detection Using an Embedded Sol-Gel Neutron Absorber 199700370 Bioluminescent Bioreporter Integrated Circuits 199900683 Microscale Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer 200101009 Automated Sampling for Microarray Readout Using Electrospray Mass Spectrometry 200201069 Planar Flow-By Electrode Capacitive Electrospray Ion Source 200201145 Fluorescent Nanoparticles for Radiation Detection 200301290 Pulse Thermal Processing of Functional Materials Using a Directed Plasma Arc 200401367 Composite Solid-State Scintillators for Neutron Detection 200501505 Resistive-Glass Drift Tube for Use as a Controlled Kinetic Energy Ion Source 200601675 Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles for Rapid,

128

Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation Express Licensing Acoustic Concentration Of Particles In Fluid Flow Express Licensing Apparatus And Method For Hydrogen And Oxygen Mass Spectrometry Of The Terrestrial Magnetosphere Express Licensing Apparatus And Method For Temperature Correction And Expanded Count Rate Of Inorganic Scintillation Detectors Express Licensing Composition and method for removing photoresist materials from electronic components Express Licensing Corrosion Test Cell For Bipolar Plates Express Licensing Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator Negotiable Licensing Electrochemical Apparatus with Disposable and Modifiable Parts Express Licensing Foil electron multiplier Express Licensing Hydrogen Sensor

129

ARM - Instrument - vdis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsvdis govInstrumentsvdis Documentation VDIS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports VDIS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Video Disdrometer (VDIS) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology General Overview A disdrometer is an instrument used to measure the drop size distribution and velocity of falling hydrometeors. The 2-dimensional video-disdrometer (vdis) is comprised of video cameras capable of observing individual hydrometeors from views perpendicular to each other. Two CCD line scan cameras are directed towards the measurement area. Objects passing thru the measurement area-which is determined by the cross-section of the two

130

ARM - Instrument Contacts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsContacts govInstrumentsContacts Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument Contacts (Mentors) Instrument Name Abbreviation Contact Phone Absolute Solar Transmittance Interferometer ASTI Douglas Sisterson 630.252.5836 Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor ACSM Bill Behrens 631.344.2906 Yin-Nan Lee associate 631.344.3294 Stephen Springston 631.344.4477 Thomas Watson associate 631.344.4517 Aerosol Observing System AOS Bill Behrens 631.344.2906 Manvendra Dubey 505.665.3128 Brian Ermold Developer 509.375.2277 Anne Jefferson 303.497.6493 Chongai Kuang 631.344.7257 Yin-Nan Lee 631.344.3294 Arthur Sedlacek 631.344.2404 Gunnar Senum 631.344.3896 Patrick Sheridan associate 303.497.6672 Stephen Springston 631.344.4477

131

ARM - Instrument - rain  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsrain govInstrumentsrain Documentation RAIN : Handbook RAIN : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports RAIN : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Rain Gauge (RAIN) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology General Overview The tipping bucket rain gauge was located next to the disdrometer. It was replaced with a weighing bucket rain gauge in FY2010. Please contact the instrument mentor, if you have any questions. Output Datastreams rain : Rain gauge Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Precipitation Locations Eastern North Atlantic

132

ARM - Instrument - spn  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsspn govInstrumentsspn Documentation SPN : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports SPN : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Sunshine Pyranometer (SPN) Instrument Categories Radiometric The Sunshine Pyranometer (SPN) measures total and diffuse short wave solar irradiance with an array of seven thermopile detectors arranged beneath a permanent shading pattern. The instrument is able to measure both total and diffuse irradiance with no moving parts. Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Shortwave broadband diffuse downwelling irradiance Shortwave broadband total downwelling irradiance

133

ARM - Instrument - sws  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentssws govInstrumentssws Documentation SWS : Handbook SWS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports SWS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Shortwave Spectroradiometer (SWS) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Radiometric General Overview The Shortwave Spectroradiometer (SWS), measures the absolute visible and near infrared spectral radiance (units of watts per meter square per nanometer per steradian) of the zenith directly above the instrument. The SWS is a moderate resolution sensor comprised of two Zeiss spectroradiometers (MMS 1 NIR enhanced and NIR-PGS 2.2) for visible and near-infrared detection in the wavelength range 350 - 2170 nm. The sampling

134

ARM - Instrument - smos  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentssmos govInstrumentssmos Documentation SMOS : Handbook SMOS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports SMOS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Surface Meteorological Observation System Instruments for SGP (SMOS) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Surface Meteorological Observation System (SMOS) Picture of the Surface Meteorological Observation System (SMOS) General Overview The Surface Meteorological Observation System (SMOS) mostly uses conventional in situ sensors to obtain 1-minute, 30-minute, and 1440-minute (daily) averages of surface wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, relative humidity (RH), barometric pressure, and precipitation at the

135

GUIDE TO SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Instrument Labs. Kenelco Sanborn Spacelabs Starling Waters 120. Carts, Laboratory Atomic Accessories S. Blickman Chase-Logeman...features: Constant temperature uniformity-reliable, accurate hydraulic thermo-stats which require no cleaning-centralized controls-long-life...

1962-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

136

Astrophysics and Space Instrumentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Instrumentation for particle and high-energy photon measurements in space must provide high levels of performance while meeting the severe constraints imposed by flight. Direct measurements are required spanni...

John W. Mitchell; Thomas Hams; Thomas Hams

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

ARM - Campaign Instrument - otter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

: Twin Otter (OTTER) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations Campaigns Fall 1995 UAV IOP Download Data Southern Great Plains, 1995.09.01 - 1995.09.30 Fall 1997 UAV IOP...

138

Automobile Electrical Instruments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The essential instruments that are considered necessary to keep the driver informed of correct operation of the engine and other systems or components include the Cooling Water Temperature Gauge, Oil...

Arthur W. Judge

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

ARM - Instrument - sashe  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentssashe govInstrumentssashe Documentation SASHE : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports SASHE : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric (SASHE) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Radiometric General Overview The Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer - Hemispheric (SASHE) uses a hemispheric spectralon diffuser and rotating shadowband similar to the MFRSR and RSS instruments, so it also provides spectrally resolved, direct-normal, diffuse-horizontal, and total-horizontal irradiances, and can be calibrated in situ via Langley regression. The SASHE incorporates

140

ARM - Instrument - nimfr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsnimfr govInstrumentsnimfr Documentation NIMFR : Handbook NIMFR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports NIMFR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer (NIMFR) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Radiometric Picture of the Normal Incidence Multi-Filter Radiometer (NIMFR) Picture of the Normal Incidence Multi-Filter Radiometer (NIMFR) General Overview The Normal Incidence Multi-Filter Radiometer (NIMFR) is a ground-based instrument that provides a time series of the shortwave spectral direct normal irradiance. Additionally, there is a broadband silicon detector that can crudely measure the direct normal broadband irradiance. These

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

First Light SOFIA Instruments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy SOFIA will become operational with the next two years. It will be the biggest astronomical airborne observatory ever build, comprising a 3m-class telescope onboard a Boeing 747SP. A suite of first-light instruments is under development striving for cutting edge technology to make SOFIA a milestone in infrared astronomy. Here we present an overview over the instrumentation and an update on the current status.

Alfred Krabbe; Sean C. Casey

2002-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

142

State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Producers and Production Capacity by State, September 2013 Biodiesel Producers and Production Capacity by State, September 2013 State Number of Producers Annual Production Capacity (million gallons per year) Alabama 3 47 Alaska - - Arizona 1 2 Arkansas 3 85 California

143

The ARM Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Status and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The ARM Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Status and The ARM Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI): Status and Preliminary Assessments of Instrument Deployments in 2006 Dedecker, Ralph University of Wisconsin Demirgian, Jack Argonne National Laboratory Knuteson, Robert University Of Wisconsin Revercomb, Henry University of Wisconsin-Madison Tobin, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Turner, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Category: Instruments One of the key operational instruments at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF) is the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). This instrument provides the ARM program with surface-based observations of infrared spectrally resolved radiance from a vertically directed cone with better than 1% accuracy. The data from

144

Instrumentation for Studies of Sound in the Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Explosive charges are fired on the earth's surface at points in Arizona California and San Clemente Island. The resulting sound waves centering at 2 cps are detected by an array of sensing units in Southwestern Arizona. This array extends 108 miles along an east?west segment of a great circle with units placed at 4?mile intervals. From these units transmission lines are routed along the ground to recording stations near Dateland and Gila Bend. A single twin?conductor field line serves from one to three units and may be as long as 40 miles. Over such a line the sensing units are turned on by relays and the signals are transmitted to the recording station. The use of carriers has permitted the separation of multiplexed signals by means of tuning controls. Push?pull condenser?coupled amplifiers drive the Brush recording pens. Sensitivity is controlled in 6?db steps through a range from 5 to 160 dynes per sq cm peak?to?peak for full scale deflection. A pass band from 0.2 to 5 cps is set by an acoustic filter in the sensing unit. Several years of use and development have resulted in a system which has proved to be quite satisfactory.

George O. Pickens

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

ARM - Instrument - xsacr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsxsacr govInstrumentsxsacr Documentation XSACR : Handbook XSACR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports XSACR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Picture of the X-band scanning ARM cloud radar Picture of the X-band scanning ARM cloud radar Note: All the Scanning ARM Cloud Radars have been technically accepted by ARM as meeting specification and each radar's first data are available at this URL: http://www.archive.arm.gov/sacr/. ARM's scanning cloud radars are fully coherent dual-frequency, dual-polarization Doppler radars mounted on a common scanning pedestal.

146

ARM - Instrument - aeth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsaeth govInstrumentsaeth Documentation AETH : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports AETH : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Aethalometer (AETH) Instrument Categories Aerosols The Aethalometer® operates on the same principle as the Particle Soot Absorption Photometer, i.e., continuously measuring the transmission of sample air through a filter substrate and the absorbing aerosol particles collected in the filter. However, it employs more wavelengths (7) and has a movable filter (tape) to allow continuous operation over long periods without requiring filter changes. The AETH is part of the Aerosol Observing System (AOS).

147

ARM - Instrument - twrcam  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentstwrcam govInstrumentstwrcam Documentation TWRCAM : Handbook TWRCAM : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports TWRCAM : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Tower Camera (TWRCAM) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Tower Camera (TCAM) Picture of the Tower Camera (TCAM) General Overview The tower camera in Barrow provides hourly images of ground surrounding the tower. These images may be used to determine fractional snow cover as winter arrives, for comparison with the albedo that can be calculated from downward-looking radiometers, as well as some indication of present weather. Similarly, during spring time, the camera images show the changes

148

ARM - Instrument - csapr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentscsapr govInstrumentscsapr Documentation CSAPR : Handbook CSAPR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports CSAPR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : C-Band ARM Precipitation Radar (CSAPR) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Cloud Properties General Overview The C-SAPR is a C-band dual-polarization Doppler weather radar manufactured by ARC, Inc. The C-SAPR operates in a simultaneous transmit and receive (STAR) mode, meaning that the transmit signal is split so that power is transmitted on both horizontal and vertical polarizations at the same time. The C-SAPR also has the ability to transmit on a single polarization

149

ARM - Instrument - kasacr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentskasacr govInstrumentskasacr Documentation KASACR : Handbook KASACR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports KASACR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Note: All the Scanning ARM Cloud Radars have been technically accepted by ARM as meeting specification and each radar's first data are available at this URL: http://www.archive.arm.gov/sacr/. ARM's scanning cloud radars are fully coherent dual-frequency, dual-polarization Doppler radars mounted on a common scanning pedestal. Each pedestal includes a Ka-band radar (2kW peak power) and the deployment

150

ARM - Instrument - ccn  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsccn govInstrumentsccn Documentation CCN : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports CCN : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter (CCN) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Airborne Observations A cloud condensation nuclei counter consists of a flow column set up to create thermodynamically unstable controlled variable supersaturation conditions in the air sample stream and optically counts the particles that can form cloud droplets as a function of supersaturation. The CCN is part of the Aerosol Observing System (AOS). Output Datastreams aosccn : Aerosol Observing System (AOS): cloud condensation nuclei

151

ARM - Instrument - thwaps  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsthwaps govInstrumentsthwaps Documentation THWAPS : Handbook THWAPS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports THWAPS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Temperature, Humidity, Wind and Pressure Sensors (THWAPS) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology Picture of the Temperature, Humidity, Wind, and Pressure System (THWAPS) Picture of the Temperature, Humidity, Wind, and Pressure System (THWAPS) General Overview The temperature, humidity, wind, and pressure systems (THWAPS) provide surface reference values of these measurements for balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS) launches. THWAPS are located adjacent to BBSS launch sites at

152

ARM - Instrument - hsrl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentshsrl govInstrumentshsrl Documentation HSRL : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports HSRL : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties The High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL ) provides calibrated measurements of aerosol optical depth, volume backscatter coefficient, cross section, and depolarization. Measurements are computed from ratios of the particulate scattering to the measured molecular scattering. This provides absolute calibration and makes the calibration insensitive to dirt or precipitation on the output window. A very narrow, angular field-of-view

153

ARM - Instrument - clap  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsclap govInstrumentsclap Documentation CLAP : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports CLAP : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Continuous Light Absorption Photometer (CLAP) Instrument Categories Aerosols The Continuous Light Absorption Photometer (CLAP) operates on the same principle as the Particle Soot Absorption Photometer (PSAP), i.e., continuously measuring the transmission through a filter substrate as the sample air is drawn through it. The absorbing aerosol particles are collected in the filter. The CLAP is part of the Aerosol Observing System (AOS). Locations North Slope Alaska NSA X1 Browse Data External Data (satellites and others)

154

ARM - Instrument - swacr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsswacr govInstrumentsswacr Documentation SWACR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports SWACR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : W-Band (95 GHz) ARM Cloud Radar, mounted to scan (SWACR) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties Output Datastreams swacrblrhi : S-WACR Boundary-layer Range-Height Indicator scan swacrcal : S-WACR calibration information swacrcwrhi : S-WACR Cross-Wind Range-Height Indicator scan swacrfpt : S-WACR - Fixed PoinTing mode swacrhsrhi : S-WACR Horizon-to-horizon Range-Height Indicator scan swacrppi : S-WACR Plan Position Indicator scan swacrspeccmaskcopol : S-WACR ARM Cloud Radar, filtered spectral

155

ARM - Instrument - mfrsr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsmfrsr govInstrumentsmfrsr Documentation MFRSR : Handbook MFRSR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports MFRSR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Radiometric Picture of the Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) Picture of the Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) General Overview The multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) takes spectral measurements of direct normal, diffuse horizontal and total horizontal solar irradiances. These measurements are at nominal wavelengths of 415, 500, 615, 673, 870, and 940 nm. The measurements are made at a

156

ARM - Instrument - rss  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsrss govInstrumentsrss Documentation RSS : Handbook RSS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports RSS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) Instrument Categories Radiometric General Overview The Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) implements the same automated shadowbanding technique used by the multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR), and so it too provides spectrally resolved, direct-normal, diffuse-horizontal, and total-horizontal irradiances, and can be calibrated in situ via Langley regression. The irradiance spectra are measured simultaneously at all spectral elements (pixels) in 360-nm to

157

Development of Real-Time Coal Monitoring Instrument  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Relying on coal for energy requires optimizing the extraction of heat content from various blends of coal fuel and reducing harmful constituents and byproducts. Having a real-time measurement instrument provides relevant information about toxic constituents released in the atmosphere from burning coal and optimizes the performance of a power plant. A few commercial instruments exist and have been in operation for more than a decade. However, most of these instruments are based on radioactive sources and are bulky, expensive and time-consuming. The proposed instrument is based on the Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). The advantage of LIBS is that it is a standoff instrument, does not require sample preparation and provides precise information about sample constituents.

Rajan Gurjar, Ph.D.

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

158

Interfacing to accelerator instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the sensory system for an accelerator, the beam instrumentation provides a tremendous amount of diagnostic information. Access to this information can vary from periodic spot checks by operators to high bandwidth data acquisition during studies. In this paper, example applications will illustrate the requirements on interfaces between the control system and the instrumentation hardware. A survey of the major accelerator facilities will identify the most popular interface standards. The impact of developments such as isochronous protocols and embedded digital signal processing will also be discussed.

Shea, T.J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

159

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility and Atmospheric  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility and Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Science and Infrastructure Steering Committee CHARTER June 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not

160

ARM - Campaign Instrument - s-band-profiler  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentss-band-profiler govInstrumentss-band-profiler Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NOAA S-band (2835 Mhz) Profiler (S-BAND-PROFILER) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, Atmospheric Profiling Campaigns CRYSTAL-FACE [ Download Data ] Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites, 2002.06.26 - 2002.08.01 Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E): Multi-Frequency Profilers [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2011.04.22 - 2011.06.06 Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) [ Download Data ] Tropical Western Pacific, 2006.01.21 - 2006.02.13 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Instrumentation of Nuclear Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... s Lecture Theatre on January 8, a symposium of papers on the instrumentation of nuclear reactors was organized, at which about five hundred members and visitors attended, including guests from ... the Institution, took the chair and introduced Sir John Cockcroft, whose lecture on "Nuclear Reactors and their Applications" provided a general background for the three specialized papers which followed. ...

1953-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

AC resistance measuring instrument  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An auto-ranging AC resistance measuring instrument for remote measurement of the resistance of an electrical device or circuit connected to the instrument includes a signal generator which generates an AC excitation signal for application to a load, including the device and the transmission line, a monitoring circuit which provides a digitally encoded signal representing the voltage across the load, and a microprocessor which operates under program control to provide an auto-ranging function by which range resistance is connected in circuit with the load to limit the load voltage to an acceptable range for the instrument, and an auto-compensating function by which compensating capacitance is connected in shunt with the range resistance to compensate for the effects of line capacitance. After the auto-ranging and auto-compensation functions are complete, the microprocessor calculates the resistance of the load from the selected range resistance, the excitation signal, and the load voltage signal, and displays of the measured resistance on a digital display of the instrument. 8 figs.

Hof, P.J.

1983-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

163

Instrument Technique Staff Assisted &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanophoton Raman 11 Raman Spectroscopy $150 $175 Newport Solar Simulator Solar Simulator $150 $175 Nicolet $175 CM Furnace Furnace $65 $120 CNT Furnace Furnace $65 $120 Desert Cryo Probe Station Probe Station will be added depending on your funding instrument or agreement. #12;Lead Furnace Furnace $65 $120 Lindberg 1

Braun, Paul

164

Instrumentation for CTA site characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many atmospheric and climatic criteria have to be taken into account for the selection of a suitable site for the next generation of imaging air-shower Cherenkov telescopes, the "Cherenkov Telescope Array" CTA. Such data are not available with sufficient precision or the comparability to allow for a comprehensive characterization of the proposed sites to be made. Identical cross-calibrated instruments have been developed which allow for precise comparison between sites, the cross-validation of existing data, and the ground-validation of satellite data. The site characterization work package of the CTA consortium opted to construct and deploy 9 copies of an autonomous multi-purpose weather sensor, incorporating an infrared cloud sensor a newly developed sensor for measuring the light of the night sky, and an All-Sky-Camera, the whole referred to as Autonomous Tool for Measuring Observatory Site COnditions PrEcisely (ATMOSCOPE). We present here the hardware that was combined into the ATMOSCOPE and characterize ...

Fruck, Christian; Ernenwein, Jean-Pierre; Mandt, Duan; Schweizer, Thomas; Hfner, Dennis; Bulik, Tomasz; Cieslar, Marek; Costantini, Heide; Dominik, Michal; Ebr, Jan; Garczarczyk, Markus; Lorentz, Eckart; Pareschi, Giovanni; Pech, Miroslav; Puerto-Gimnez, Irene; Teshima, Masahiro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Atmospheric chemistry impacts and feedbacks on the global carbon cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prediction. Issues to be addressed include the quantification of the impact of the atmospheric oxidation and the oxidative state of the atmosphere. The end goal is to create a model that can quantitatively predict is required to: Predict 3-D atmospheric CO2 production as a function of the CCSM3 atmospheric chemistry module

166

ARM - Instrument - gms  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsgms govInstrumentsgms Documentation GMS : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS) Note: gms is currently inactive and/or retired. Active Dates 1996.10.01 - 2003.02.16 Instrument Categories Satellite Observations General Overview GMS-5 satellite images are taken over the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), over each of the TWP sites. The raw data are downlinked to the SeaSpace Corp. receiving station at the University of Hawaii. The GMS-5 was launched in March 1995 into a geostationary orbit above 0°N, 140°E. It carries a Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer (VISSR) with four channels, one

167

ARM - Instrument - avhrr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsavhrr govInstrumentsavhrr Documentation AVHRR : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Instrument Categories Satellite Observations General Overview Measurements from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the NOAA polar orbiting satellites taken over the NSA, SHB, SGP, and TWP sites are available for distribution to the ARM community. The files are in HDF. The AVHRR data from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) Darwin site have not yet been converted to HDF. The raw data are in ASDA (Australian Satellite Data Archive) Format.. Output Datastreams avhrr10 : AVHRR: albedo and brightness temp., NOAA-10 Satellite

168

ARM - Campaign Instrument - ecor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsecor govInstrumentsecor Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System (ECOR) Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties Campaigns Boundary Layer Cloud IOP [ Download Data ] North Slope Alaska, 2005.07.11 - 2005.08.07 Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment [ Download Data ] North Slope Alaska, 2004.09.27 - 2004.10.21 Water Cycle Pilot Study Intensive Observations [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2002.04.01 - 2002.06.30 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance

169

ARM - Campaign Instrument - cpc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentscpc govInstrumentscpc Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) Instrument Categories Aerosols Campaigns 1998 Phoenix Air Quality Study [ Download Data ] Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites, 1998.05.17 - 1998.06.09 2007 Cumulus Humilis Aerosol Process Study (CHAPS) [ Download Data ] Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites, 2007.06.04 - 2007.06.25 2007 Cumulus Humilis Aerosol Process Study (CHAPS) [ Download Data ] Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites, 2007.06.04 - 2007.06.25 Application of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to Study the Aerosol Indirect Effects in China [ Download Data ] Shouxian, Anhui, China; Mobile Facility, 2008.05.15 - 2008.12.29

170

ARM - Instrument - ncepgfs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsncepgfs govInstrumentsncepgfs Documentation NCEPGFS : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System (NCEPGFS) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models General Overview Since 2001, NCEP NWP forecasts (global spectral model) have been processed by Hualu Pan at NCEP/EMC and archived by Stephen Krueger at University of Utah to produce station-like column outputs at locations corresponding to the ARM and other field campaign sites. All data from Jan 2001 up to now have been re-processed by Fanglin Yang for easy access, for comparison with ARM observations, and for driving single column models and cloud resolving

171

ARM - Campaign Instrument - asd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsasd govInstrumentsasd Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Analytical Spectral Devices Field Spectroradiometer (ASD) Instrument Categories Radiometric Campaigns Aerosol IOP [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2003.05.01 - 2003.05.31 Surface Albedo IOP [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2004.02.09 - 2004.02.13 Surface Albedo IOP [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2004.10.20 - 2004.10.26 Surface spectral albedo [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2002.08.14 - 2002.08.20 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance

172

ARM - Campaign Instrument - sfcflux  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentssfcflux govInstrumentssfcflux Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Surface Flux (SFCFLUX) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Surface Meteorology, Surface/Subsurface Properties Campaigns Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) [ Download Data ] Tropical Western Pacific, 2006.01.21 - 2006.02.13 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. CO2 flux Soil surface temperature CO2 concentration Soil moisture Precipitation Horizontal wind Net broadband total irradiance

173

ARM - Instrument - eta  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentseta govInstrumentseta Documentation ETA : XDC documentation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Eta Model Runs (ETA) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models General Overview NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Prediction run a regional numerical weather analysis and forecast system that covers the entire North American Continent. The data archived by ARM since 1993-06-16 come from the 00Z and 12Z model runs and include the 0h-analysis and 6h-forecast data resulting in 4 files per day. The model used to be called "ETA", which derived from the model's vertical coordinate known as the "eta" or "step-mountain" coordinate. In 2005, the

174

ARM - Campaign Instrument - asti  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsasti govInstrumentsasti Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Absolute Solar Transmittance Interferometer (ASTI) Instrument Categories Radiometric Campaigns ASTI [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 1997.06.01 - 1997.06.30 ASTI [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 1998.07.01 - 1998.08.27 ASTI (Absolute Solar Transmittance Interferometer) IOP [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2000.09.26 - 2000.10.09 Absolute Solar Transmittance Interferometer [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 1997.09.01 - 1997.09.30 Absolute Solar Transmittance Interferometer (ASTI) [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 1996.04.01 - 1996.05.31 Absolute Solar Transmittance Interferometer (ASTI) [ Download Data ]

175

METEOROLOGY 280 Recent Developments in Air Quality Instrumentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

METEOROLOGY 280 Recent Developments in Air Quality Instrumentation San José State University Spring the student to standard air quality instrumentation and the process in setting up and calibration of those the supervision of the instructor. You will have the opportunity to build the air quality laboratory

Clements, Craig

176

Advances in instrumentation for nuclear astrophysics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study of the nuclear physics properties which govern energy generation and nucleosynthesis in the astrophysical phenomena we observe in the universe is crucial to understanding how these objects behave and how the chemical history of the universe evolved to its present state. The low cross sections and short nuclear lifetimes involved in many of these reactions make their experimental determination challenging, requiring developments in beams and instrumentation. A selection of developments in nuclear astrophysics instrumentation is discussed, using as examples projects involving the nuclear astrophysics group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. These developments will be key to the instrumentation necessary to fully exploit nuclear astrophysics opportunities at the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams which is currently under construction.

Pain, S. D. [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)] [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

Contract instrumentation is formal, growing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Responsibility for process instrumentation is no longer the shifting, ill-defined part of plant construction it has often been in the past. More and more, the responsible party is being picked from the start: It's the instrumentation contractor, a ...

1966-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

178

Advanced Sensors and Instrumentation Newsletter  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Advanced Sensors and Instrumentation (ASI) newsletter will be released periodically to inform program stakeholders about new developments and achievements in the area of sensors, instrumentation and related technologies across the Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) R&D programs.

179

TMT Science and Instruments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To meet the scientific goals of the Thirty Meter Telescope Project, full diffraction-limited performance is required from the outset and hence the entire observatory is being designed, as a system, to achieve this. The preliminary design phases of the telescope and the first light adaptive optic facility are now approaching completion so that much better predictions of the system performance are possible. The telescope design and instrumentation are summarized in this presentation, with a brief description of some of the scientific programs that are foreseen.

David Crampton; Luc Simard; David Silva

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

180

Inelastic Neutron Scattering Instrumentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy spans an enormous energy range, which is equivalent to a wide range of timescales. It is convenient to divide the whole energy range into three sectors, while recognising that there is significant overlap between them. In the lowest energy range, 10meV the applications are principally quasielastic scattering and tunneling spectroscopy. The second range, 01000meV covers the regions of vibrational spectroscopy and magnetic excitations. The highest range above 1000meV is the province of neutron Compton scattering. The instrumentation used in each of these energy regimes is described.

S.F. Parker

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

SIO 217a Atmospheric and Climate Sciences I: Atmospheric Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Radiant Energy. Radiative Transfer. Transport.) 10-Oct W 3 More Transfer Processes 15-Oct M 4 4 Gas. Equation of State. Hydrostatic Equilibrium.) 3-Oct W 2 2.11 First and Second Laws and Characteristics. Precipitation Processes. Radiative Transfer in a Cloudy Atmosphere. Fogs, Stratus

Russell, Lynn

182

Cold Atmospheric Air Plasma Sterilization against Spores and Other Microorganisms of Clinical Interest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...plasmas operate under atmospheric conditions below 40C...discharge is produced at atmospheric pressure using ambient...includes a function generator (HM8150 [Hameg Instruments...for the validation of atmospheric SMD air plasma as a...spores in deionized water was pipetted and dried...

Tobias G. Klmpfl; Georg Isbary; Tetsuji Shimizu; Yang-Fang Li; Julia L. Zimmermann; Wilhelm Stolz; Jrgen Schlegel; Gregor E. Morfill; Hans-Ulrich Schmidt

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

183

The QUIET Instrument  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Q/U Imaging ExperimenT (QUIET) is designed to measure polarization in the Cosmic Microwave Background, targeting the imprint of inflationary gravitational waves at large angular scales ({approx}1{sup o}). Between 2008 October and 2010 December, two independent receiver arrays were deployed sequentially on a 1.4m side-fed Dragonian telescope. The polarimeters which form the focal planes use a highly compact design based on High Electron Mobility Transistors (HEMTs) that provides simultaneous measurements of the Stokes parameters Q, U, and I in a single module. The 17-element Q-band polarimeter array, with a central frequency of 43.1 GHz, has the best sensitivity (69 {mu}Ks{sup 1/2}) and the lowest instrumental systematic errors ever achieved in this band, contributing to the tensor-to-scalar ratio at r < 0:1. The 84-element W-band polarimeter array has a sensitivity of 87 {mu}Ks{sup 1/2} at a central frequency of 94.5 GHz. It has the lowest systematic errors to date, contributing at r < 0:01. The two arrays together cover multipoles in the range {ell} {approx} 25 -- 975. These are the largest HEMT-based arrays deployed to date. This article describes the design, calibration, performance of, and sources of systematic error for the instrument.

Bischoff, C.; et al.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Spiral Development for Safeguards Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Safeguards instrumentation is highly specialized, so a common approach in the US has been to develop initial prototypes for performance, operability and security within the US National Laboratories for the IAEA and then seek one or more commercial partners. Transfer of technology from US National Laboratories is a legal requirement for products that have the potential for mass production. Other important objectives include minimizing time to deployment and lifecycle cost, and optimizing product maintainability, sustainability and manufacturability. Unfortunately, the deployment of systems developed via this model has sometimes been seriously delayed or never adopted because of the difficulty of optimizing the significant parameters of the process between the public and private sectors. The authors suggest that forming an R&D partnership between a research laboratory and a commercial company much earlier in the process would provide significant advantages. The present US practice leads to unnecessary expenditures during the early R&D phase since many decisions are made based on research needs that are counterproductive for commercialization and manufacturability. If the ultimate goal of the project is to produce a reliable and cost effective commercial product, the commercial input is needed early and often. The new model of developing systems in a closer collaboration with the private sector, in a spiral Commercialization by Design approach, should also limit the long term financial mortgages that Member States frequently experience with respect to safeguards instrumentation development using the present process. As a concrete example, the potential for incorporating Wire Integrity Verification Technology into the iCobra Reader System is discussed.

Koskelo, M.; Undem, Halvor A.; Good, Morris S.; Frazar, Sarah L.; Schanfein, Mark; Kadner, S.

2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

185

ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES 2014-2015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES 2014-2015 Graduate Student Handbook followed a Code of Honor, which is stated in this very simple verse: An Aggie does not lie, cheat, or steal that knowledge for the benefit of society. Our most fundamental mission is to help students at all levels, from

186

Atmospheric Science and Climate Research [EVS Program Area]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Science and Climate Research Atmospheric Science and Climate Research EVS research, combined with portable, high-performance climate and weather applications, offers a unique look at the complexities of a dynamic planet. In an ever-changing, dynamic climate, we measure, model, and analyze atmospheric processes that are vital to understanding our planet. Our measurement capabilities range from remote sensing and surface meteorology instruments to instrumentation designed to quantify the land-atmosphere exchange of energy, water, and greenhouse gases. Modeling capabilities begin with regional-scale climate, air quality, and aerosol modeling and extend to global chemical transport models, general circulation models of the atmosphere, models of the biosphere, and coupled Earth system models.

187

ARM - Campaign Instrument - uav-proteus-micro  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Proteus Cloud Microphysics Instruments (UAV-PROTEUS-MICRO) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations, Cloud Properties Campaigns...

188

Instrument Series: Microscopy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quanta 3D FEG Quanta 3D FEG This instrument is now available in EMSL's Radiochemistry Annex. The Quanta 3D FEG is the most versatile high-resolution, low vacuum SEM/FIB for 2D and 3D material characterization and analysis. Featuring three imaging modes - high vacuum, low vacuum and ESEM - it accommodates the widest range of samples of any SEM system. The Quanta 3D FEG's novel, field-emission electron source delivers clear and sharp electron imaging and increased electron beam current enhances EDS and EBSP analysis. This system also offers the capability for in situ study of the dynamic behavior of materials at different humidity levels (up to 100% RH) and temperatures (up to 1500 °C). Quanta 3D FEG's unprecedented high- current FIB enables fast material removal.

189

Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program: Atmospheric Remote Sensing and Assessment Program -- Final Report. Part 1: The lower atmosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents work done between FY91 and FY95 for the lower atmospheric portion of the joint Department of Defense (DoD) and Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Remote Sensing and Assessment Program (ARSAP) within the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP). The work focused on (1) developing new measurement capabilities and (2) measuring atmospheric heating in a well-defined layer and then relating it to cloud properties an water vapor content. Seven new instruments were develop3ed for use with Unmanned Aerospace Vehicles (UAVs) as the host platform for flux, radiance, cloud, and water vapor measurements. Four major field campaigns were undertaken to use these new as well as existing instruments to make critically needed atmospheric measurements. Scientific results include the profiling of clear sky fluxes from near surface to 14 km and the strong indication of cloudy atmosphere absorption of solar radiation considerably greater than predicted by extant models.

Tooman, T.P. [ed.] [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States). Exploratory Systems Technology Dept.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

ARM - Instrument - s-table  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentss-table govInstrumentss-table Documentation S-TABLE : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports S-TABLE : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Stabilized Platform (S-TABLE) Instrument Categories Ocean Observations For ship-based deployments, some instruments require actively stabilized platforms to compensate for the ship's motion, especially rotations around the long axis of the ship (roll), short axis (pitch), and, for some instruments, vertical axis (yaw). ARM currently employs two types of stabilized platforms: one electrically controlled for lighter instruments that includes yaw control (dubbed RPY for Roll, Pitch, Yaw) and one

191

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Radiative Atmospheric Divergence...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

radiation emitted by the earth. This instrument is onboard a European Union geostationary weather satellite launched in December 2005; it is collecting data over Niamey and the...

192

Challenges in Accelerator Beam Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The challenges in beam instrumentation and diagnostics for present and future particle accelerator projects are presented. A few examples for advanced hadron and lepton beam diagnostics are given.

Wendt, M.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Tokamak x ray diagnostic instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three classes of x-ray diagnostic instruments enable measurement of a variety of tokamak physics parameters from different features of the x-ray emission spectrum. (1) The soft x-ray (1 to 50 keV) pulse-height-analysis (PHA) diagnostic measures impurity concentrations from characteristic line intensities and the continuum enhancement, and measures the electron temperature from the continuum slope. (2) The Bragg x-ray crystal spectrometer (XCS) measures the ion temperature and neutral-beam-induced toroidal rotation velocity from the Doppler broadening and wavelength shift, respectively, of spectral lines of medium-Z impurity ions. Impurity charge state distributions, precise wavelengths, and inner-shell excitation and recombination rates can also be studied. X rays are diffracted and focused by a bent crystal onto a position-sensitive detector. The spectral resolving power E/..delta..E is greater than 10/sup 4/ and time resolution is 10 ms. (3) The x-ray imaging system (XIS) measures the spatial structure of rapid fluctuations (0.1 to 100 kHZ) providing information on MHD phenomena, impurity transport rates, toroidal rotation velocity, plasma position, and the electron temperature profile. It uses an array of silicon surface-barrier diodes which view different chords of the plasma through a common slot aperture and operate in current (as opposed to counting) mode. The effectiveness of shields to protect detectors from fusion-neutron radiation effects has been studied both theoretically and experimentally.

Hill, K.W.; Beiersdorfer, P.; Bitter, M.; Fredrickson, E.; Von Goeler, S.; Hsuan, H.; Johnson, L.C.; Liew, S.L.; McGuire, K.; Pare, V.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Technical Sessions D. A. Randall K. Xu Department of Atmospheric...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

D. A. Randall K. Xu Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO 80523 simulating observations collected during ARM, and to suggest...

195

Curtis Instruments | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Curtis Instruments Curtis Instruments Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Curtis Instruments Name Curtis Instruments Address 200 Kisco Ave. Place Mount Kisco, New York Zip 10549 Sector Services Product Electric Vehicle control and instrumentation components Website http://curtisinstruments.com/ Coordinates 41.215661°, -73.726709° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.215661,"lon":-73.726709,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

196

Spacecraft instrument technology and cosmochemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...comparing GRS-derived thermal neutron absorption cross...a host of data on atmospheric structure, temperatures...atmosphere, the source of plasma to Saturns magnetosphere...mineralization on Mars by the Thermal Emission Spectrometer...Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't...U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. | Chemistry...

Harry Y. McSween; Jr.; Ralph L. McNutt; Jr.; Thomas H. Prettyman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Atmospheric Transport of Radionuclides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of atmospheric transport and diffusion calculations is to provide estimates of concentration and surface deposition from routine and accidental releases of pollutants to the atmosphere. This paper discusses this topic.

Crawford, T.V.

2003-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

198

8, 10691088, 2008 Atmospheric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the atmosphere (Molina et al., 1974; Farman et al., 1985) has led to an interna- tional effort to replace

Boyer, Edmond

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric electron-induced x-ray Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Descended into the atmosphere on April 4 1982 12;Ivan De Mitri VHE... 1day Gamma Ray Bursts The X-ray counterpart detection with better pointing accuracy instruments......

200

The Development of Measurement Techniques to Identify and Characterize Dusts and Ice Nuclei in the Atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nucleation mechanisms. The work presented here discusses new instrumentation and methods to measure and identify both the optical scattering properties and ice nucleation properties of atmospherically relevant dusts. The Texas A&M University Continuous Flow...

Glen, Andrew

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Lidar-Observed Stress Vectors and Veer in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study demonstrates that a pulsed wind lidar is a reliable instrument for measuring angles between horizontal vectors of significance in the atmospheric boundary layer. Three different angles are considered: the wind turning, the angle between ...

Jacob Berg; Jakob Mann; Edward G. Patton

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Vehicle Technologies Office: ACEM Instrument Achieves Significant  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ACEM Instrument Achieves ACEM Instrument Achieves Significant Performance Milestone to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: ACEM Instrument Achieves Significant Performance Milestone on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: ACEM Instrument Achieves Significant Performance Milestone on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: ACEM Instrument Achieves Significant Performance Milestone on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: ACEM Instrument Achieves Significant Performance Milestone on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: ACEM Instrument Achieves Significant Performance Milestone on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: ACEM Instrument Achieves Significant Performance Milestone on AddThis.com... ACEM Instrument Achieves Significant Performance Milestone

203

The Upper Atmosphere Observatory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with *the plasma frethe progress...explorcreated an even larger number of...the upper atmosphere and ionosphere...the upper atmosphere. For this...ionospheric plasma motion simul-taneously...field is large, the horizontal...resolved. The atmospheric gravity waves...simul-taneously at a large number of...two regions plasma drifts separated...

J. V. Evans

1972-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Upper Atmosphere Observatory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...DATA, JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND TERRESTRIAL...IN NEAR-EARTH PLASMA, SPACE SCIENCE...INVESTIGATION OF WHISTLING ATMOSPHERICS, PHILOSOPHICAL...TRANSPOLAR EXOSPHERIC PLASMA .1. PLASMASPHERE...dynamics of the upper atmosphere. For this purpose...the ionospheric plasma motion simul-taneously...

J. V. Evans

1972-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

205

5, 60416076, 2005 Atmospheric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

opportunity to examine atmospheric oxidation in a megacity that has more pollution than typical USACPD 5, 6041­6076, 2005 Atmospheric oxidation in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area T. R. Shirley et.atmos-chem-phys.org/acpd/5/6041/ SRef-ID: 1680-7375/acpd/2005-5-6041 European Geosciences Union Atmospheric Chemistry

Boyer, Edmond

206

Representing El Nio in Coupled OceanAtmosphere GCMs: The Dominant Role of the Atmospheric Component  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A systematic modular approach to investigate the respective roles of the ocean and atmosphere in setting El Nio characteristics in coupled general circulation models is presented. Several state-of-the-art coupled models sharing either the same ...

E. Guilyardi; S. Gualdi; J. Slingo; A. Navarra; P. Delecluse; J. Cole; G. Madec; M. Roberts; M. Latif; L. Terray

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Research Report Hedonic and Instrumental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mitchell,1 and James J. Gross2 1 Boston College and 2 Stanford University ABSTRACT--What motivates, & Rodriguez, 1989). Such instrumental motives might play a role in the regulation of emotion (Parrott, 1993

Gross, James J.

208

Departmental Business Instrument Numbering System  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To prescribe procedures for assigning identifying numbers to all Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration, business instruments. Cancels DOE 1331.2B. Canceled by DOE O 540.1A.

2000-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

209

Departmental Business Instrument Numbering System  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order prescribes the procedures for assigning identifying numbers to all Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) business instruments. Cancels DOE O 540.1. Canceled by DOE O 540.1B.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

210

INSTRUMENTATION FOR FAR INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fourier transform spectrometers developed in three distinct spectral regions in the early 1960s. Pierre Connes and his coworkers in France developed remarkably sophisticated step-scan interferometers that permitted near-infrared spectra to be measured with a resolution of better than 0.0 1 cm{sup {minus}1}. These instruments may be considered the forerunners of the step-scan interferometers made by Bruker, Bio-Rad (Cambridge, MA, USA) and Nicolet although their principal application was in the field of astronomy. Low-resolution rapid-scanning interferometers were developed by Larry Mertz and his colleagues at Block Engineering (Cambridge, MA, USA) for remote sensing. Nonetheless, the FT-IR spectrometers that are so prevalent in chemical laboratories today are direct descendants of these instruments. The interferometers that were developed for far-infrared spectrometry in Gebbie's laboratory ,have had no commercial counterparts for at least 15 years. However, it could be argued that these instruments did as much to demonstrate the power of Fourier transform spectroscopy to the chemical community as any of the instruments developed for mid- and near-infrared spectrometry. Their performance was every bit as good as today's rapid-scanning interferometers. However, the market for these instruments is so small today that it has proved more lucrative to modify rapid-scanning interferometers that were originally designed for mid-infrared spectrometry than to compete with these instruments with slow continuous scan or step-scan interferometers.

GRIFFITHS, P.R.; HOMES, C.

2001-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

211

TAX POLICY AS A MEAN OF ATMOSPHERIC AIR PRESERVATION IN GOIS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Develops the creation of a Vehicle Ecological Tax VET in the State of Gois Brazil as a mean of atmospheric air preservation on the state (more)

Ideon Jos de Aguiar Jnior

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Readiness Issues for Emergency Response Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Issues in maintaining readiness of instruments for deployment and use in emergency response situation often differ from those in maintaining instruments for normal operations. Confunding circumstances include use of non-availability of check sources, ensuring instruments are always in calibration and operable, possible use of instruments in different climates, packaging of instrumentation for deployment, transport of instrumentation and check sources, and ensuring users are familiar with instruments. Methods and procedures for addressing these issues are presented. Instrumentation used for survey, in situ measurements, electronic dosimetry, and air conditioning are discussed.

C.A. Riland; D.R. Bowman; R.J. Tighe

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Deployment of the Polar Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (P-AERI) in Eureka, Canada for SEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deployment of the Polar Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (P-AERI) in Eureka, Canada operate in the polar darkness when solar transmission instruments are not useful. The University of Idaho's P-AERI instrument was deployed in Eureka, Canada in March 2006. It has been operating nearly

Walden, Von P.

214

2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 6 Atmospheric and Oceanic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Atmospheric Pressure Profile #12;© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Measure Air Pressure--Mercury Barometer · Seal Education, Inc. Learning Objectives · Define the concept of air pressure. · Describe instruments used to measure air pressure. · Define wind. · Locate the primary high- and low-pressure areas and principal winds

Pan, Feifei

215

AtmosphericAtmospheric Composition Introduction The division investigates the atmospheric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development on observation side was the installation of an ozone observation station in Surinam in close co-operation with the Surinam Meteorological Service. Processes in the tropical regions are important for the global climate and the global atmospheric composition. The participation in Indoex (Indian Ocean Experiment) and this Surinam

Haak, Hein

216

Instrumented SSH on NERSC Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Security » Instrumented SSH Security » Instrumented SSH Instrumented SSH on NERSC Systems NERSC uses a modified version of SSH on all of our systems that allows us to record and analyze the content of interactive SSH sessions. Why are We Doing This? Credential theft represents the single greatest threat to security here at NERSC. We are addressing this problem by analyzing user command activity and looking for behavior that is recognizably hostile. Until SSH came into widespread use, it was trivial to monitor login sessions and analyze them for mischievous activity. Furthermore, this kind of intrusion detection proved to be very effective with few "false positives". Using this version of SSH at NERSC, we are simply recovering that capability. However, we recognize the importance of being candid about

217

Leiderdorp Instruments | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Leiderdorp Instruments Leiderdorp Instruments Jump to: navigation, search Name Leiderdorp Instruments Place Leiderdorp, Netherlands Zip NL2350 Sector Solar Product Leiderdorp designs electronics hardware and software, including output monitoring devices for PV and solar passive systems. Coordinates 52.156174°, 4.534218° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":52.156174,"lon":4.534218,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

218

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 ARM 2003 Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement WARNING! WARNING! Today is April 1 But that has NO bearing on this message Today is April 1 But that has NO bearing on this message ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Two Topics Two Topics * Status of ARM (quick overview) * Science plan - ARM in the next 5 years * Status of ARM (quick overview) * Science plan - ARM in the next 5 years ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement ARM Status - Science ARM Status - Science * Steadily increasing productivity - Poster session - over 220 posters (may need to do something about submissions next year) - Peer-reviewed articles: 2.5 to 3 per year per

219

Formation Flying and Deformable Instruments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Astronomers have always attempted to build very stable instruments. They fight all that can cause mechanical deformation or image motion. This has led to well established technologies (autoguide, active optics, thermal control, tip/tilt correction), as well as observing methods based on the use of controlled motion (scanning, micro scanning, shift and add, chopping and nodding). Formation flying disturbs this practice. It is neither possible to reduce the relative motion to very small amplitudes, nor to control it at will. Some impacts on Simbol-X instrument design, and operation are presented.

Rio, Yvon [CEA/IRFU/Sap, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette (France)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

220

Atmospheric Neutrino Fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting with an historical review, I summarize the status of calculations of the flux of atmospheric neutrinos and how they compare to measurements.

Thomas K. Gaisser

2005-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

ARM - Atmospheric Heat Budget  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ListAtmospheric Heat Budget Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About...

222

ARM - Field Campaign - ASSIST: Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsASSIST: Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared govCampaignsASSIST: Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral Technology Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : ASSIST: Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral Technology 2008.07.08 - 2008.07.18 Lead Scientist : Michael Howard For data sets, see below. Description Goals of assist were to intercompare radiance spectra and profile retrievals from a new AERI-like instrument, called "ASSIST" with the SGP site AERI(s) and calculations from Radiosondes measurements. * To bring the ASSIST instrument to the SGP ACRF and perform simultaneous measurements of the sky radiation with those from the AERI. * On relatively cloud-free days, release a special radiosonde at the

223

International Conference Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation SRI `94  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains abstracts for the international conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Goodwill Instrument | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Goodwill Instrument Goodwill Instrument Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Goodwill Instrument Name Goodwill Instrument Address No.7-1, Jhongsing Road., Place Tucheng Dist., New Taipei City Zip 236 Sector Efficiency, Solar Product Electronic Load, DC Power Supply, AC Power Supply, Oscilloscope, Digital Multi-Meter, Spectrum Analyzer Stock Symbol 2423 TPE 2423 Year founded 1975 Number of employees 501-1000 Phone number +886 2 22680389 Website http://www.goodwill.com.tw Coordinates 24.964545035469°, 121.42334461212° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.964545035469,"lon":121.42334461212,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

225

Limiting net greenhouse gas emissions in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1988, Congress requested that DOE produce a study on carbon dioxide inventory and policy to provide an inventory of emissions sources and to analyze policies to achieve a 20% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions in 5 to 10 years and a 50% reduction in 15 to 20 years. Energy and environmental technology data were analyzed using computational analysis models. This information was then evaluated, drawing on current scientific understanding of global climate change, the possible consequences of anthropogenic climate change (change caused by human activity) and the relationship between energy production and use and the emission of radiatively important gases. Topics discussed include: state of the science in estimating atmosphere/climate change relationships, the potential consequences of atmosphere/climate change, us greenhouse emissions past and present, an approach to analyzing the technical potential and cost of reducing US energy-related greenhouse gas emissions, current policy base and National Energy Strategy actions, fiscal instruments, regulatory instruments, combined strategies and instruments, macroeconomic impacts, carbon taxation and international trade, a comparison to other studies.

Bradley, R A; Watts, E C; Williams, E R [eds.] [eds.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Instrumentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicate the following results. (i) Fair agreement is obtained with the theory of Stine and Wanlass 2 at

J. Picken; B. Sc; R. Harmer; J. Picken; B. Sc; R. Harmer; A Nol

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Conference on Atmospheric Pollution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE half-yearly Conference of representatives of local authorities and other organisations co-operating with the Department of Scientific ... of atmospheric pollution was held in the offices of the Department on May 25. The Conference received from Dr. G. M. B. Dobson, chairman of the Atmospheric Pollution ...

1936-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

228

Instrumentation and Techniques Mihalis Mathioudakis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with atmospheric dynamics · Small scale structures Umbra dots ­ Spicules ­ Bright points · Flux Tubes ­ Buidling are they linked ? · Physical processes take place in very small scales (10-20 km) · Implications on stellar,000 or more) · High spatial resolution (0.1" ­ 70km @ 5000A) · Can be maintain/fixed/upgraded Ground based

229

MHD power plant instrumentation and control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has awarded a contract to the MHD Development Corporation (MDC) to develop instrumentation and control requirements and strategies for commercial MHD power plants. MDC subcontracted MSE to do the technical development required. MSE is being assisted by Montana State University (MSU) for the topping cycle development. A computer model of a stand-alone MHD/steam plant is being constructed. The plant is based on the plant design set forth in the MDC proposal to the Federal Clean Coal Technology 5 solicitation. It consists of an MHD topping plant, a Heat Recovery Seed Recovery (HRSR) plant, and a steam turbo-generator. The model is based on the computer code used for a study of the Corette plant retrofitted with an MHD plant. Additional control strategies, based on MHD testing results and current steam bottoming plant control data, will be incorporated. A model will be devised and implemented for automatic control of the plant. Requirements regarding instrumentation and actuators will be documented. Instrumentation and actuators that are not commercially available will be identified. The role and desired characteristics of an expert system in the automated control scheme is being investigated. Start-up and shutdown procedures will be studied and load change dynamic performance will be evaluated. System response to abnormal topping cycle and off-design system operation will be investigated. This includes use of MHD topping cycle models which couple gasdynamic and electrical behavior for the study of controlling of the MHD topping cycle. A curvefitter, which uses cubic Hermitian spline interpolation functions in as many as five dimensions, allows much more accurate reproduction of nonlinear, multidimensional functions. This project will be the first to investigate plant dynamics and control using as many as seven independent variables or control inputs to the MHD topping cycle.

Lofftus, D.; Rudberg, D. [MSE Inc., Butte, MT (United States); Johnson, R.; Hammerstrom, D. [Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

230

Atmospheric Pollution Research 1 (2010) 220228 Atmospheric Pollution Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmospheric Pollution Research 1 (2010) 220228 Atmospheric Pollution Research www in modeling of the associated multiphase processes. Iron redox species are important pollutants. The oxidative capacity of the atmospheric cloud water decreases when dissolution is included

Boyer, Edmond

231

Matthew David Parker Department of Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences Curriculum Vitae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDUCATION ________________________________________________________________________ Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 2002 Ph.D., Atmospheric science (Mesoscale meteorology) 1999 M.S., Atmospheric. Parker, and J. J. Charney, in press: Regimes of dry convection above wildfires: Sensitivity to fireline

Parker, Matthew D. Brown

232

A Concept for a Gas-Filter Correlation Radiometer to Remotely Sense the Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Column from Space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concern about the climatic effects of anthropogenic emissions of CO2 has resulted in a growing need, both scientifically and politically, to monitor atmospheric CO2. The development of a satellite instrument that could measure the global ...

Boyd T. Tolton

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Atmospheric Physics and Earth Observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...has been used by atmospheric modelers as a vertical...Ackerman, in Atmospheric Physics from Spacelab...shut-tle allows recovery of the film, we...dry nitrogen at atmospheric pressure. To avoid water condensation on the optical...

M. HERS

1984-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

234

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Instrument and Controls  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

or Working Level Competencies or Working Level Competencies DOE-STD-1162, Instrument & Controls Functional Area Qualification Standard (FAQS) September 2010 STEP 1: Job Task Analysis for Tasks associated with Instrument & Controls Task Source Importance Frequency One: Serve as a subject matter expert and technical resource for instrumentation and control systems. Inspect and evaluate instrumentation and control systems for safe and efficient operation, maintenance, and testing. DOE-STD-1162 Duties and Responsibilities Items B and C 3 2 Two: Review and assess authorization basis documentation. Evaluate instrumentation and control system conformity to authorization basis documentation and other design basis documents. Audit facility instrumentation and control

235

(Nuclear power plant control and instrumentation technology)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While on vacation, the traveler attended the European Nuclear Conference in Lyon, France. This trip was part of an outside activity approved by DOE. The traveler is a consultant to Loyola College, serving as chairman of a panel to assess the state of the art in the controls and instrumentation technology in the European nuclear community. This study is being conducted by Loyola College under subcontract to the National Science Foundation. The traveler was surprised by the level of automation claimed (by the company Siemens AG KWU) to be present in the German Konvoi nuclear power plants. The claim was that this was done to improve the safety of the plant by keeping the operator out of the loop'' for the first 30 minutes of some transients or accidents.

White, J.D.

1990-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

236

Introducing Research College of Oceanic & Atmospheric Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.coas.oregonstate.edu WECOMA WECOMA Coll ege of Oceanic & Atmospheric Scie nces OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY in the O cean currents, to the south in summer and generally to the north in winter, create ocean currents. The strong summertime and the topography of the ocean floor influence the east-west cross-shelf currents. Understanding and being able

Pierce, Stephen

237

Introducing Research College of Oceanic & Atmospheric Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WECOMA Coll ege of Oceanic & Atmospheric Scie nces OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY in the O cean currents introduced by man (e.g., pollutants). Knowledge of upper-ocean currents is important for navigation and for search and rescue. The ocean currents off Oregon vary seasonally and can also vary from year to year

Barth, Jack

238

A Model of the Cosmic Ray Induced Atmospheric Neutron Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to optimise the design of space instruments making use of detection materials with low atomic numbers, an understanding of the atmospheric neutron environment and its dependencies on time and position is needed. To produce a simple equation based model, Monte Carlo simulations were performed to obtain the atmospheric neutron fluxes produced by charged galactic cosmic ray interactions with the atmosphere. Based on the simulation results the omnidirectional neutron environment was parametrised including dependencies on altitude, magnetic latitude and solar activity. The upward- and downward-moving component of the atmospheric neutron flux are considered separately. The energy spectra calculated using these equations were found to be in good agreement with data from a purpose built balloon-borne neutron detector, high altitude aircraft data and previously published simulation based spectra.

Kole, Merlin; Salinas, Maria Muoz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Nature: Earth's Atmosphere and Beyond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nature: Earth's Atmosphere and Beyond ... The column summarizes research articles from Nature that report on anthropogenic activities and natural phenomena that influence the chemical composition of Earth's atmosphere. ...

Sabine Heinhorst; Gordon Cannon

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

The middle-atmosphere Hadley circulation and equatorial inertial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The middle-atmosphere Hadley circulation and equatorial inertial adjustment 1234567 89A64BC7DEF72B4 S 2001 American Meteorological Society 3077 The Middle-Atmosphere Hadley Circulation and Equatorial toward a balanced state results in a type of Hadley circulation that lies outside the ``downward control

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The atmosphere of Venus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The investigations of Venus take a special position in planetary researches. It was just the atmosphere of Venus where first measurements in situ were carried out by means of the equipment delivered by a space pr...

V. I. Moroz

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Safeguards instrumentation: a computer-based catalog. Second edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This catalog contains entries on new developments and on items listed in BNL 51450, which have either been carried over unchanged or been updated. More than 70 entries were deleted because of either obsolescence, insufficient interest in terms of safeguards, or lack of documentable development activities in recent years. Some old listings as well as new material was consolidated into more generic entries. As in the earlier document, the emphasis is on devices and instruments that are either in field use at this time or under active development. A few items such as NDA reference materials, instrument vans and certain shipping containers are included because they are important adjuncts to optimum utilization of safeguards instrumentation. This catalog does not include devices for physical protection. As was the case with its predecessor, most of the material in this catalog originated in the US and Canada; a few contributions came from member states of the European Community.

Auerbach, C.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

ARM - Campaign Instrument - dc8-nasa  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsdc8-nasa Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : NASA DC-8 (DC8-NASA) Instrument...

244

ARM - Campaign Instrument - uav-altus  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : UAV Altus (UAV-ALTUS) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations Campaigns Fall 1997 UAV...

245

ARM - Campaign Instrument - uav-gnat  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : UAV-General Atomics GNAT (UAV-GNAT) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations Campaigns...

246

ARM - Campaign Instrument - uav-egrett  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : UAV-Egrett (UAV-EGRETT) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations, Radiometric Campaigns...

247

ARM - Campaign Instrument - uav-altus-met  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : UAV Altus Meteorology Package (UAV-ALTUS-MET) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations...

248

ARM - Campaign Instrument - uav-met-otter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Meteorology from UAV-Twin Otter (UAV-MET-OTTER) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations Campaigns ARESE...

249

ARM - Campaign Instrument - uav-proteus  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : UAV Proteus (UAV-PROTEUS) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations, Radiometric...

250

ARM - Campaign Instrument - cm-cryo  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Cryogenic Chilled Mirror Hygrometer (CM-CRYO) Instrument Categories Airborne Observations,...

251

ARM - Campaign Instrument - irt-air  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Infrared Thermometer - Airborne (IRT-AIR) Instrument Categories Radiometric Campaigns 1999 Northeast...

252

Development of the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STACEE is a proposed atmospheric Cherenkov telescope for ground-based gamma-ray astrophysics between 25 and 500 GeV. The telescope will make use of the large solar mirrors (heliostats) available at a solar research facility to achieve an energy threshold lower than any existing ground-based instrument. This paper describes the development of STACEE, including an overview of the complete instrument design and a discussion of results from recent prototype tests at the large solar heliostat field of Sandia National Laboratories.

Ong, R A

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Development of the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STACEE is a proposed atmospheric Cherenkov telescope for ground-based gamma-ray astrophysics between 25 and 500 GeV. The telescope will make use of the large solar mirrors (heliostats) available at a solar research facility to achieve an energy threshold lower than any existing ground-based instrument. This paper describes the development of STACEE, including an overview of the complete instrument design and a discussion of results from recent prototype tests at the large solar heliostat field of Sandia National Laboratories.

Rene A. Ong; the STACEE Collaboration

1997-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

254

Instrument Series: Deposition and Microfabrication  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Deposition and Microfabrication Deposition and Microfabrication Sputter Deposition System Only available at EMSL, the Discovery ® Deposition System has been customized to be a fully automated multi-functional "hybrid" instrument with several modes for thin film processing, including multi-target sputtering, effusion cell deposition, electron beam deposition, and in-situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) materials characterization. Unlike most systems, the Discovery ® Deposition System's unique configuration offers operational flexibility, efficiency, and control, allowing a range of applications and materials to be processed simultaneously. Because it is software controlled, users can provide their own "recipes" and have a complete log of what happens throughout the

255

The Middle-Atmosphere Hadley Circulation and Equatorial Inertial Adjustment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the tropical middle atmosphere the climatological radiative equilibrium temperature is inconsistent with gradient-wind balance and the available angular momentum, especially during solstice seasons. Adjustment toward a balanced state results ...

Kirill Semeniuk; Theodore G. Shepherd

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

American Foreign Policy: A Time for a Shift in Priorities and Instruments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the post 9/11 world of American Foreign Policy, where interdependence and globalization are variables that influence every aspect of world affairs, what should the priorities of the United States be and what instruments of foreign policy...

Issa, Patrick 1989-

2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

257

HFIR Instrument Systems | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Click for more information about the HFIR beamline Experiment Hall Click for more information about the HFIR beamline Experiment Hall HFIR instrument layout. Click for details. Instruments at the High Flux Isotope Reactor The instrument suite at HFIR is supported by a variety of sample environments and on-site laboratories for user convenience. If you're unsure which instrument(s) would most benefit your research, or if you would like to request capabilities that you don't see here, please contact our user office. All HFIR Instrument fact sheets are also available in this single PDF document. Available to Users Beam Line Fact Sheet Instrument Name Contact CG-1 Development Beam Line Lee Robertson CG-1D PDF IMAGING - Neutron Imaging Prototype Facility Hassina Bilheux CG-2 PDF GP-SANS - General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer Ken Littrell

258

Curtis Instruments Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Instruments Inc Instruments Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Curtis Instruments, Inc. Place Mount Kisco, New York Sector Vehicles Product They make motor speed controllers, battery measurement equipment and related equipment for electric vehicles of all types. References Curtis Instruments, Inc.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Curtis Instruments, Inc. is a company located in Mount Kisco, New York . References ↑ "Curtis Instruments, Inc." Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Curtis_Instruments_Inc&oldid=344009" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages

259

Overview of coal conversion process instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review of standard instrumentation used in the processing industries is given, and the applicability of this instrumentation to measurements in mixed phase media and hostile environments such as those encountered in coal conversion processes is considered. The major projects in coal conversion sponsored by the US Department of Energy are briefly reviewed with schematics to pinpoint areas where the standard instrumentation is inadequate or altogether lacking. The next report in this series will provide detailed requirements on the instruments needed for these processes, will review new instruments which have recently become commercially available but are not yet considered standard instrumentation, and report on the status of new instruments which are being developed and, in some cases, undergoing tests in coal conversion plants.

Liptak, B. G.; Leiter, C. P.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program facilities newsletter, November 2002.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fall 2002 Intensive Operation Periods: Single Column Model and Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle--In an Intensive Operation Period (IOP) on November 3-23, 2002, researchers at the SGP CART site are collecting a detailed data set for use in improving the Single Column Model (SCM), a scaled-down climate model. The SCM represents one vertical column of air above Earth's surface and requires less computation time than a full-scale global climate model. Researchers first use the SCM to efficiently improve submodels of clouds, solar radiation transfer, and atmosphere-surface interactions, then implement the results in large-scale global models. With measured values for a starting point, the SCM predicts atmospheric variables during prescribed time periods. A computer calculates values for such quantities as the amount of solar radiation reaching the surface and predicts how clouds will evolve and interact with incoming light from the sun. Researchers compare the SCM's predictions with actual measurements made during the IOP, then adjust the submodels to make predictions more reliable. A second IOP conducted concurrently with the SCM IOP involves high-altitude, long-duration aircraft flights. The original plan was to use an unmanned aerospace vehicle (UAV), but the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) aircraft Proteus will be substituted because all UAVs have been deployed elsewhere. The UAV is a small, instrument-equipped, remote-control plane that is operated from the ground by a computer. The Proteus is a manned aircraft, originally designed to carry telecommunications relay equipment, that can be reconfigured for uses such as reconnaissance and surveillance, commercial imaging, launching of small space satellites, and atmospheric research. The plane is designed for two on-board pilots in a pressurized cabin, flying to altitudes up to 65,000 feet for as long as 18 hours. The Proteus has a variable wingspan of 77-92 feet and is 56 feet long. The plane can carry up to 7,260 pounds of equipment, making it a versatile research tool. The Proteus is making measurements at the very top of the cirrus cloud layer to characterize structures of these clouds. These new measurements will provide more accurate, more abundant data for use in improving the representation of clouds in the SCM. 2002-2003 Winter Weather Forecast--Top climate forecasters at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) Climate Prediction Center say that an El Nino condition in the tropical Pacific Ocean will influence our winter weather this year. Although this El Nino is not as strong as the event of the 1997-1998 winter season, the United States will nevertheless experience some atypical weather. Strong impacts could be felt in several areas. Nationally, forecasters are predicting warmer-than-average temperatures over the northern tier of states and wetter-than-average conditions in the southern tier of states during the 2002-2003 winter season. Kansas residents should expect warmer and wetter conditions, while Oklahoma will be wetter than average.

Holdridge, D. J.

2002-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Technical Sessions B. E. Manner National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

B. E. Manner B. E. Manner National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Wave Propagation Laboratory 130ulder, CO 80303 The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) pirog ram goals are ambitious, and its schedule is demanding. Many of the instruments, proposed for operations at the first Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site as early alS 1992 represent emerging technology and exist only as :special research prototypes. Therefore, an important preparatory step for ARM was an intensive field project in Colorado in 1991 to assess the suitability of instruments an(j tech- niques for profiling the thermodynamic and kinematic structure of the troposphere and lower stratosphere. The field work was designed to provide ARM with a head start by gathering practical information for the desigln and

262

Los Alamos laser instrument arrives on Red Planet's surface  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser instrument arrives on Red Planet's surface Los Alamos laser instrument arrives on Red Planet's surface The ChemCam laser characterization instrument was developed at LANL and...

263

Article Atmospheric Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

© The Author(s) 2012. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com csb.scichina.com www.springer.com/scp © The Author(s) 2012. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com csb.scichina.com www.springer.com/scp *Corresponding author (email: luchunsong110@gmail.com) Article Atmospheric Science February 2013 Vol.58 No.4-5: 545  551 doi: 10.1007/s11434-012-5556-6 A method for distinguishing and linking turbulent entrainment mixing and collision-coalescence in stratocumulus clouds LU ChunSong 1,2* , LIU YanGang 2 & NIU ShengJie 1 1 Key Laboratory for Atmospheric Physics and Environment of China Meteorological Administration, Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; 2 Atmospheric Sciences Division, Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York 11973, USA

264

BNL | Atmospheric Systems Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric System Research is a DOE observation-based research program Atmospheric System Research is a DOE observation-based research program created to advance process-level understanding of the key interactions among aerosols, clouds, precipitation, radiation, dynamics, and thermodynamics, with the ultimate goal of reducing the uncertainty in global and regional climate simulations and projections. General areas of research at BNL under this program include studies of aerosol and cloud lifecycles, and cloud-aerosol-precipitation interactions. Contact Robert McGraw, 631.344.3086 aerosols Aerosol Life Cycle The strategic focus of the Aerosol Life Cycle research is observation-based process science-examining the properties and evolution of atmospheric aerosols. Observations come from both long-term studies conducted by the

265

Atmospheres of Brown Dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brown Dwarfs are the coolest class of stellar objects known to date. Our present perception is that Brown Dwarfs follow the principles of star formation, and that Brown Dwarfs share many characteristics with planets. Being the darkest and lowest mass stars known makes Brown Dwarfs also the coolest stars known. This has profound implication for their spectral fingerprints. Brown Dwarfs cover a range of effective temperatures which cause brown dwarfs atmospheres to be a sequence that gradually changes from a M-dwarf-like spectrum into a planet-like spectrum. This further implies that below an effective temperature of atmospheres of objects marking the boundary between M-Dwarfs and brown dwarfs. Recent developments have sparked the interest in plasma processes in such very cool atmospheres: sporadic and quiescent radio emission has been observed in combination with decaying Xray-activity indicators across the fully convective boundary.

Helling, Christiane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric processes research Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Roundtable Summary: , Center for Multiscale Modeling of Atmospheric Processes Colorado State University John Dunne, Ph... Exler Director, Office of Communications for...

267

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmosphere scale dependent Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of stellar atmospheres Read Chapter 10... Hydrostatic equilibrium Pressure equation of state Pressure and density structure of stellar ... Source: Mamajek, Eric E. -...

268

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric fine particulate Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and characterizing the diversity of particulate matter produced from fossil fuel and biomass burn combustion... studies on the mixing state of atmospheric particles and their...

269

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Manacapuru, Brazil for the Green Ocean Amazon (GOAMAZON) Field Campaign  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Amazon rain forest in Brazil is the largest broadleaf forest in the world, covering 7 million square kilometers of the Amazon Basin in South America. It represents over half of the planets remaining rain forests, and comprises the most biodiverse tract of tropical rain forest on the planet. Due to the sheer size of the Amazon rain forest, the area has a strong impact on the climate in the Southern Hemisphere. To understand the intricacies of the natural state of the Amazon rain forest, the Green Ocean Amazon, or GOAMAZON, field campaign is a two-year scientific collaboration among U.S. and Brazilian research organizations. They are conducting a variety of different experiments with dozens of measurement tools, using both ground and aerial instrumentation, including the ARM Aerial Facility's G-1 aircraft. For more information on the holistic view of the campaign, see the Department of Energys GOAMAZON website. As a critical component of GOAMAZON, the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) will obtain measurements near Manacapuru, south of Manaus, Brazil, from January to December 2014. The city of Manaus, with a population of 3 million, uses high-sulfur oil as their primary source of electricity. The AMF site is situated to measure the atmospheric extremes of a pristine atmosphere and the nearby cities pollution plume, as it regularly intersects with the site. Along with other instrument systems located at the Manacapuru site, this deployment will enable scientists to study how aerosol and cloud life cycles are influenced by pollutant outflow from a tropical megacity.

270

LANSCE | Lujan Center | Instruments | PHAROS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High-Resolution Chopper Spectrometer | Pharos High-Resolution Chopper Spectrometer | Pharos Local Structure, Magnetism, and Nanomaterials Pharos is designed for studies of fundamental excitations in condensed-matter systems. The instrument provides 2% to 4% incident energy resolution and uses a high-speed Fermi chopper to obtain monochromatic incident energies in the range from 10 meV to 2 eV. The sample is positioned 20 meters from a chilled-water moderator. The spectrometer consists of an evacuated, shielded flight path with 10 m2 of meter-long position-sensitive detectors located at a distance of 4 meters from the sample and covering scattering angles between -10° and 145°. Pharos can accommodate the full range of inelastic scattering experiments on liquid, polycrystalline, and single-crystal samples. This includes

271

Atmosphere and Ionosphere of Venus from the Mariner V S-Band Radio Occultation Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...georef;1968059704 atmosphere ionosphere Mariner 5...English United States 1968 Atmosphere and ionosphere of venus...com-parison (between 423.3 Mhz and S-band, for example...the superrefractive atmosphere, are fea-tures of...magnetopause, and plasma-pause due to the solar...

Arvydas Kliore; Gerald S. Levy; Dan L. Cain; Gunnar Fjeldbo; S. I. Rasool

1967-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

METR 3223: Physical Meteorology II: Cloud Physics, Atmospheric Electricity and Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

METR 3223: Physical Meteorology II: Cloud Physics, Atmospheric Electricity and Optics CLASS: Monday of the physical states and processes of clouds and precipitation as well as atmospheric electricity and optics and results Radar observation and estimation Atmospheric electricity: Electrostatics Electromagnetic wave

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

273

MANHAZ position paper on: Modelling of Pollutant Transport in the Atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANHAZ position paper on: Modelling of Pollutant Transport in the Atmosphere Torben Mikkelsen July, Denmark I Atmospheric dispersion: Basic The dispersion of pollutants is intimately related to the state 2003 Atmospheric Physics Division Wind Energy Department Risø National Laboratory Dk-4000 Roskilde

274

Dynamics of Planetary Atmospheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pressure (bars) N2 82%; Ar 12%; CH4 6%CO2 96.5%; N2 3.5%Atmospheric composition 26177Orbital inclination (1992) orbiter ­ Winds from cloud-tracking and probe drifts ­ IR temperatures, solar-fixed tides, polar-Huygens mission (from 2005) ­ Doppler wind descent profile ­ IR temperature and composition maps ­ Visible, IR

Read, Peter L.

275

ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

An Integrated Column Description An Integrated Column Description of the Atmosphere An Integrated Column Description of the Atmosphere Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist Tom Ackerman Chief Scientist ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The "other" Washington ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Credits to Credits to * Ric Cederwall * Xiquan Dong * Chuck Long * Jay Mace * Mark Miller * Robin Perez * Dave Turner and the rest of the ARM science team * Ric Cederwall * Xiquan Dong * Chuck Long * Jay Mace * Mark Miller * Robin Perez * Dave Turner and the rest of the ARM science team ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Outline Outline * A little philosophy

276

Design of a differential radiometer for atmospheric radiative flux measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hemispherical Optimized NEt Radiometer (HONER) is an instrument under development at the Los Alamos National Laboratory for deployment on an unmanned aerospace vehicle as part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM/UAV) program. HONER is a differential radiometer which will measure the difference between the total upwelling and downwelling fluxes and is intended to provide a means of measuring the atmospheric radiative flux divergence. Unlike existing instruments which measure the upwelling and downwelling fluxes separately, HONER will achieve an optical difference by chopping the two fluxes alternately onto a common pyroelectric detector. HONER will provide data resolved into two spectral bands; one covering the solar dominated region from less than 0.4 micrometer to approximately 4.5 micrometers and the other covering the region from approximately 4.5 micrometers to greater than 50 micrometers, dominated by thermal radiation. The means of separating the spectral regions guarantees seamless summation to calculate the total flux. The fields-of-view are near-hemispherical, upward and downward. The instrument can be converted, in flight, from the differential mode to absolute mode, measuring the upwelling and downwelling fluxes separately and simultaneously. The instrument also features continuous calibration from on-board sources. We will describe the design and operation of the sensor head and the on-board reference sources as well as the means of deployment.

LaDelfe, P.C.; Weber, P.G.; Rodriguez, C.W.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program facilities newsletter, January 2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subject of this newsletter is the ARM unmanned aerospace vehicle program. The ARM Program's focus is on climate research, specifically research related to solar radiation and its interaction with clouds. The SGP CART site contains highly sophisticated surface instrumentation, but even these instruments cannot gather some crucial climate data from high in the atmosphere. The Department of Energy and the Department of Defense joined together to use a high-tech, high-altitude, long-endurance class of unmanned aircraft known as the unmanned aerospace vehicle (UAV). A UAV is a small, lightweight airplane that is controlled remotely from the ground. A pilot sits in a ground-based cockpit and flies the aircraft as if he were actually on board. The UAV can also fly completely on its own through the use of preprogrammed computer flight routines. The ARM UAV is fitted with payload instruments developed to make highly accurate measurements of atmospheric flux, radiance, and clouds. Using a UAV is beneficial to climate research in many ways. The UAV puts the instrumentation within the environment being studied and gives scientists direct measurements, in contrast to indirect measurements from satellites orbiting high above Earth. The data collected by UAVs can be used to verify and calibrate measurements and calculated values from satellites, therefore making satellite data more useful and valuable to researchers.

Sisterson, D.L.

2000-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

278

S. 2466: This Act may be cited as the National Atmospheric Nuclear Testing Compensation Act of 1990. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth First Congress, Second Session, April 19, 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This bill would amend Title XXI of the Public Health Service Act to provide for the establishment of an atmospheric nuclear testing compensation program to compensate civilians living down wind of the Nevada Test Site during above-ground testing of nuclear weapons and miners exposed in underground uranium mines supplying uranium for the primary use and benefit of the nuclear weapons program. The bill describes technical assistance and information, administrative procedures for filing a petition, determination of eligibility, and amount of compensation.

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Detectors - Instrument Support | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Detectors Detectors Detectors The detector design group, led by Yacouba Diawara is responsible for supporting the design of HFIR and SNS instruments by developing the necessary infrastructure and acquiring detector components that will be used to complete the functionality of the instruments. The group's mission also includes supporting detector research and development (R&D) for the various instruments and their different needs. The support effort for instrument design entails monitoring detector development worldwide as neutron facilities around the globe are getting upgraded and adopting the newest technologies. Detector group technician Ted Visscher inspects a parahedreal lens on an Anger camera Detector group technician Ted Visscher inspects a parahedreal lens on an

280

ARM - Campaign Instrument - wfov-livermore  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, SurfaceSubsurface Properties Campaigns Spring UAV Campaign Download Data Off Site Campaign : various, including non-ARM sites,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Rotary mode system initial instrument calibration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The attached report contains the vendor calibration procedures used for the initial instrument calibration of the rotary core sampling equipment. The procedures are from approved vendor information files.

Johns, B.R.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

ATMOSPHERIC ELSEVIER AtmosphericResearch40 (1996) 223-259  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of atmospheric aerosol particles and cloud hydrometeors (water drops, ice particles, and, particularlyATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH ELSEVIER AtmosphericResearch40 (1996) 223-259 Simulations of drop fall turbulence. The model permits us to generate different realizations of the random velocity field component

Mark, Pinsky

283

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tropical Warm Pool Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment General Description The Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) was a collaborative effort led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Beginning January 21 and ending February 14, 2006, the experiment was conducted in the region near the ARM Climate Research Facility in Darwin, Northern Australia. This permanent facility is fully equipped with sophisticated instruments for measuring cloud and other atmospheric properties to provide a long-term record of continuous observational data. Measurements obtained from the other experiment components (explained below) will complement this dataset to provide a detailed description of the tropical atmosphere.

284

Observations of the plume generated by the December 2005 oil depot explosions and prolonged fire at Buncefield (Hertfordshire, UK) and associated atmospheric changes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...routinely using an electrostatic field mill (Chubb Instruments, model JCI131...Harrison 2006). (vi) Surface wind measurements Wind speed and surface atmospheric pressure...fsdata/obshome.html ). The wind speed sensors are two voltage output...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Mars atmospheric CO[subscript 2] condensation above the north and south poles as revealed by radio occultation, climate sounder, and laser ranging observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[1] We study the condensation of CO[subscript 2] in Mars' atmosphere using temperature profiles retrieved from radio occultation measurements from Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) as well as the climate sounding instrument onboard ...

Hu, Renyu

286

Differential atmospheric tritium sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An atmospheric tritium sampler is provided which uses a carrier gas comprised of hydrogen gas and a diluting gas, mixed in a nonexplosive concentration. Sample air and carrier gas are drawn into and mixed in a manifold. A regulator meters the carrier gas flow to the manifold. The air sample/carrier gas mixture is pulled through a first moisture trap which adsorbs water from the air sample. The moisture then passes through a combustion chamber where hydrogen gas in the form of H/sub 2/ or HT is combusted into water. The manufactured water is transported by the air stream to a second moisture trap where it is adsorbed. The air is then discharged back into the atmosphere by means of a pump.

Griesbach, O.A.; Stencel, J.R.

1987-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

287

Differential atmospheric tritium sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An atmospheric tritium sampler is provided which uses a carrier gas comprised of hydrogen gas and a diluting gas, mixed in a nonexplosive concentration. Sample air and carrier gas are drawn into and mixed in a manifold. A regulator meters the carrier gas flow to the manifold. The air sample/carrier gas mixture is pulled through a first moisture trap which adsorbs water from the air sample. The mixture then passes through a combustion chamber where hydrogen gas in the form of H.sub.2 or HT is combusted into water. The manufactured water is transported by the air stream to a second moisture trap where it is adsorbed. The air is then discharged back into the atmosphere by means of a pump.

Griesbach, Otto A. (Langhorne, PA); Stencel, Joseph R. (Skillman, NJ)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Instrumentation in Health Education and the Adolescent Health Risk Behavior Survey (AHRBS) Instrument  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the validity and reliability of data collected from 1,992 Indiana middle and high school students with the Adolescent Health Risk Behavior Survey (AHRBS) instrument. The AHRBS instrument was created using the Biopsychosocial Model (BPSM) theoretical framework...

Smith, Matthew L.

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

289

A Community Atmosphere Model with Superparameterized Clouds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1999, National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) scientists Wojciech Grabowski and Piotr Smolarkiewicz created a "multiscale" atmospheric model in which the physical processes associated with clouds were represented by running a simple high-resolution model within each grid column of a lowresolution global model. In idealized experiments, they found that the multiscale model produced promising simulations of organized tropical convection, which other models had struggled to produce. Inspired by their results, Colorado State University (CSU) scientists Marat Khairoutdinov and David Randall created a multiscale version of the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM). They removed the cloud parameterizations of the CAM, and replaced them with Khairoutdinov's high-resolution cloud model. They dubbed the embedded cloud model a "super-parameterization," and the modified CAM is now called the "SP-CAM." Over the next several years, many scientists, from many institutions, have explored the ability of the SP-CAM to simulate tropical weather systems, the day-night changes of precipitation, the Asian and African monsoons, and a number of other climate processes. Cristiana Stan of the Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Interactions found that the SP-CAM gives improved results when coupled to an ocean model, and follow-on studies have explored the SP-CAM's utility when used as the atmospheric component of the Community Earth System Model. Much of this research has been performed under the auspices of the Center for Multiscale Modeling of Atmospheric Processes, a National Science Foundation (NSF) Science and Technology Center for which the lead institution is CSU.

Randall, David; Branson, Mark; Wang, Minghuai; Ghan, Steven J.; Craig, Cheryl; Gettelman, A.; Edwards, Jim

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

290

The changing atmosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The chemistry of the atmosphere is changing, in large measure because of gases emitted by such human activities as farming, manufacturing, and the combustion of fossil fuels. The deleterious effects are increasingly evident; they may well become worse in the years ahead. This paper discusses the pollutants and the environmental perturbations with which they are associated. The authors believe the solution to the earth's environmental problems lies in a truly global effort.

Graedel, T.E.; Crutzen, P.J.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Atmospheric considerations for the CTA site search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will be the next high-energy gamma-ray observatory. Selection of the sites, one in each hemisphere, is not obvious since several factors have to be taken into account. Among them, and probably the most crucial, are the atmospheric conditions. Since July 2012, the site working group has deployed automatic ground based instrumentation (ATMOSCOPE) on all the candidate sites. Due to the limited time span available from ground based data, long term weather forecast models become necessary tools for site characterization. It is then of prime importance to validate the models by comparing it to the ATMOSCOPE measurements. We will describe the sources of data (ATMOSCOPE, weather forecasting model and satellite data) for the site evaluation and how they will be used and combined.

Vincent, Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Effect of geotropism on instrument readings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review of gravity's effect on instrument readings, also referred to as geotropism. In this essay a review of meter movement construction and the effect are reviewed as it applies to portable radiation instruments. Reference to the three ANSI standards and their requirements are reviewed. An alternate approach to test for the effects is offered.

Rolph, James T.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Instrumentation @ Catalysis: Reactivity and Structure Group | Chemistry  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrumentation Instrumentation The Catalysis Group at BNL is leading research initiatives into the development of new tools and techniques that focus on the characterization of heterogeneous catalytic reactions and catalysts using imaging, spectroscopy and scattering techniques and integrated combinations of them under reaction conditions to unravel the morphology, chemical and structural properties, of catalysts, respectively. These efforts revolve around the use of synchrotron radiation (NSLS), electrons (CFN) and quantum tunneling tools with particular thrusts into imaging, spectroscopy and scattering. Groups Instrumentation(BNL) Three UHV chambers with diverse instrumentation for surface characterization: LEED, UPS, XPS, AES, TPD, ISS, PM-AP-IRRAS, Reactivity Cell. All the systems include ancillary instrumentation such as sputtering guns and metal evaporators. The IRRAS system was retrofitted with an ambient pressure (AP) cell on top of the UHV system. The sample can be prepared and characterized in UHV and then transfer in vacuum to the AP cell.

294

ORISE: Climate and Atmospheric Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate and Atmospheric Research Climate and Atmospheric Research Capabilities Overview U.S. Climate Reference Network U.S. Historical Climate Network Contact Us Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education Climate and Atmospheric Research The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) partners with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division (ATDD) to conduct climate research focused on issues of national and global importance. Research is performed with personnel support from ORISE's Independent Environmental Assessment and Verification (IEAV) programs, as well as in collaboration with scientists and engineers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and numerous other organizations, government agencies, universities and private research institutions.

295

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: ARM Site Atmospheric  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARM Site Atmospheric State Best Estimates for AIRS Forward Model and ARM Site Atmospheric State Best Estimates for AIRS Forward Model and Retrieval Validation Tobin, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Revercomb, Henry University Of Wisconsin-Madison Knuteson, Robert University Of Wisconsin Feltz, Wayne University of Wisconsin Moy, Leslie University of Wisconsin-Madison Lesht, Barry Argonne National Laboratory Cress, Ted Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Strow, Larrabee Hannon, Scott Fetzer, Eric Jet Propulsion Laboratory The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on the EOS Aqua platform is the first of a new generation of advanced hyperspectral atmospheric sounders with the capability of retrieving temperature and trace gas profiles with high vertical resolution and absolute accuracy. In the past few years ARM has played a major role in the validation of AIRS, including the launch of

296

Atmospheric Pressure Deposition for Electrochromic Windows |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Atmospheric Pressure Deposition for Electrochromic Windows Atmospheric Pressure Deposition for Electrochromic Windows Emerging Technologies Project for the 2013 Building...

297

International Energy Agency instrumented facilities survey for solar assisted low energy dwellings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compiled are surveys outlining the instrumentation of 38 active and passive solar projects in 9 countries (Denmark, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States, and West Germany). After the surveys themselves are presented, the data are rearranged to compare answers from similar survey questions for each of the projects. These questions address building, solar system and instrumentation descriptions and meteorological, solar system and building system instrumentatation capabilities. (LEW)

none,

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Sound?Power Production in Wind Instruments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents data for output sound powerP O of wind instruments relation to input power P I supplied by the player. P I was calculated as pV? where p equals mouth pressure and V? air flow rate through the instrument. P O was calculated from sound?pressure level and measurements of reverberation time in a live room of known volume. A part of the data was obtained in a room of unknown characteristics; from 15 comparable measurements on 8 different instruments in both the live and the unknown room data were obtained that allowed calculation of P O also from other experiments in the unknown room. Measurements were made on single notes played both pp and ff on each instrument; one low and one high note on the scale of each instrument were chosen. The ratio P O/P I representing the mechanical efficiency of wind instruments as sources of sound power varies from less than 0.001% to about 2%. It appears to increase with increasing P I and in some instruments with frequency. The consistent results obtained for 3 different flutes played by one performer suggest that the variability noted in the other data at least partially reflects individual differences in mechanical efficiency.

Arend Bouhuys

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Atmospheric Chemistry of Dichlorvos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atmospheric Chemistry of Dichlorvos ... In the positive ion mode, protonated water hydrates (H3O+(H2O)n) generated by the corona discharge in the chamber diluent air were responsible for the protonation of analytes, and the ions that were mass analyzed were mainly protonated molecules ([M + H]+) and their protonated homo- and heterodimers. ... Methyl nitrite, 2-propyl nitrite and N2O5 were prepared and stored as described previously,(8, 10) and O3 in O2 diluent was generated using a Welsbach T-408 ozone generator. ...

Sara M. Aschmann; Ernesto C. Tuazon; William D. Long; Roger Atkinson

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Advanced Sensors and Instrumentation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sensors and Instrumentation Sensors and Instrumentation Advanced Sensors and Instrumentation The ASI subprogram plans to develop the scientific basis for sensors and supporting infrastructure technology that will address crosscutting technology gaps relating to measurements at existing and advanced nuclear power plants as well as within their fuel cycles. The focus of the program is on the following technical challenges and objectives: Identify needed physical measurement accuracy of nuclear system process parameters and minimize uncertainty. Identify and conduct research into monitoring and control technologies, including human factors, to achieve control of new nuclear energy processes, and new methodologies for monitoring to achieve high reliability and availability. Integrate control of multiple processes, potential reductions in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

30 Planet Earth Winter 2010 Understanding changes in the global atmospheric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to measure, report and verify carbon emissions and sequestration from land-use projects and policies, rather than from measuring levels of emissions in the atmosphere. The importance of reducing emissions with the instruments available? Paul Palmer, Hartmut Bösch and Andy Kerr explore the science and politics of measuring

Palmer, Paul

302

68 Current projects Atmospheric Research The research of the Division focuses on land-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scintillometer remote sensing device), and airplane and satellite observations. Airplane based sensible heat flux Research. This national observatory accommodates numerous remote sensing and in-situ instruments brought of the atmosphere landsurface exchange budgets of relevant constituents (heat, moisture, carbon dioxide) can

Haak, Hein

303

Why Scanning Instruments Are a Necessity for Constraining Temperature and Humidity Fields in the Lower Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ability of different ground-based measurement strategies for constraining thermodynamic variables in the troposphere, particularly at the mesoscale, is investigated. First, a preliminary assessment of the capability of pure-vertical sounders ...

David Themens; Frdric Fabry

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric electrical instrument Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University of - Silver Space Sciences Laboratory Collection: Physics 37 THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT YOUR FAMILY'S CONTRIBUTION TO IT Summary: Assistant Secretary for Foreign...

305

LANSCE | Lujan Center | Instruments | HIPPO  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pressure-Preferred Orientation | HIPPO Pressure-Preferred Orientation | HIPPO Materials in Extreme Environments and Geoscience HIPPO is the first third-generation neutron time-of-flight powder diffractometer constructed in the United States. It achieves very high neutron count rates by virtue of a short (9 m) initial flight path on a high-intensity water moderator and 1,360 3He detector tubes covering 4.8 m2 of detector area from 10° to 150° in scattering angles. HIPPO was designed and manufactured as a joint effort between LANSCE and the University of California with the goal of doing world-class science by making neutron powder diffractometry an accessible tool to the national user community. D-spacing ranges from 0.12-4.80 Å (1.31-52.4 Å-1) to 1.2-47.5 Å (0.13-5.3 Å-1) are available to support studies of crystal

306

Instrumentation upgrades for the Macromolecular Crystallography beamlines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrumentation upgrades for the Macromolecular Crystallography beamlines Instrumentation upgrades for the Macromolecular Crystallography beamlines of the Swiss Light Source Monday, October 29, 2012 - 2:00am SSRL, Bldg. 137, Rm. 322 Martin Fuchs, MX Group, Swiss Light Source; Paul Scherrer Institute (Villigen, Switzerland) A new unified diffractometer - the D3 - has been developed for the three MX beamlines. The first of the instruments is in general user operation at beamline X10SA since April 2012. The varied demands from both challenging academic research projects as well as high throughput industrial applications on today's macromolecular crystallography beamlines drive developments to both endstations and beamline optics. Recent instrumentation upgrades to the macromolecular crystallography (MX) beamlines of the Swiss Light Source therefore aimed to

307

Dewcon Instruments Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dewcon Instruments Inc Dewcon Instruments Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Dewcon Instruments Inc Place Palatine, Illinois Product A process instrumentation company specialising in moisture sensors, analysers, meters, hygrometers and probes for on-line humidity and dew point measurement and control in drying, chemical and pharmaceutical applications. Coordinates 42.949081°, -74.557237° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.949081,"lon":-74.557237,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

308

FAQS Reference Guide Instrumentation and Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the June 2013 edition of DOE-Standard (STD)-1162-2013, Instrumentation and Control Functional Area Qualification Standard.

309

Instruments of Precision at the Paris Exhibition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Bureau de l'Exposition allemande des Instruments de Precision, Classe 15, Section 3, Exposition Universelle, Paris. If Dr. Drosten is not in Paris, letters will probably be forwarded ...

H. DAVIDGE

1900-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

310

ARM - Campaign Instrument - synoptic-maps  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentssynoptic-maps Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : National Climatic Data Center...

311

Original article Natural mating of instrumentally  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

before they start egg laying. Thus, the control over mating of parents is lost. To prevent this, queen INTRODUCTION Instrumental insemination assures control over mating of parents in the honey bee. However, Woyke

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

312

Optical instrumentation for vibration measurement and monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Monitoring of machine tool vibrations is an important aspect of precision manufacturing ... of a simple and unique instrument for precise vibration measurement that can be used in industry. The ... laboratory. Th...

Devdas Shetty; Ahad Ali; Jonathan Hill

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Field instrumentation for vocalizing avian survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present automated instruments to facilitate the monitoring of vocalizing species in their environment with minimal disruption. These devices offer recording and acoustic localization of bird calls and relay data via the ...

Elliott, Grant (Grant Andrew)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Handbook of Scientific Instruments and Apparatus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE annual "Handbook of Scientific Instruments and Apparatus", giving details of the exhibits at the Physical Society ... (director of the Paint Research Station) on "Particles, Pellicles ; Pigments, Paints and Physics" ; and (3) Prof. W. V. Mayneord (Department of ...

1953-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

315

Optimization of nave dynamic binary instrumentation Tools/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The proliferation of dynamic program analysis tools has done much to ease the burden of developing complex software. However, creating such tools remains a challenge. Dynamic binary instrumentation frameworks such as ...

Kleckner, Reid (Reid N.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

A nano-stepping robotic instrumentation platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The development of an Autonomous Nano-stepping Tool (ANT) system is presented. Each ANT is a small, tripodal, robotic instrument capable of untethered precision motion within a quasi-three-dimensional workspace of arbitrary ...

Wahab, Adam Joseph

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Positron Emission Tomography Physics, Instrumentation, Data Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Positron Emission Tomography Physics, Instrumentation, Data Analysis Carl K. Hoh, MD Department fast computer Filtered Back Projection Iterative Reconstruction PET Image Reconstruction #12 PET Scanner Design · Smaller individual crystal size = better spatial resolution · Physical limit

Liu, Thomas T.

318

The STCW Convention and related instruments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The initial instrument, i.e. the 1978 Convention, prescribed for the first time minimum standards on training, certification and watchkeeping for seafarers in response to the need to have uniform rules at the ...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

X-Ray Nanoimaging: Instruments and Methods  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Nanoimaging: Instruments and Methods To be held as part of SPIE. http:spie.orgOP318 August 28-29, 2013; San Diego, California, USA...

320

Atmospheric propagation of THz radiation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this investigation, we conduct a literature study of the best experimental and theoretical data available for thin and thick atmospheres on THz radiation propagation from 0.1 to 10 THz. We determined that for thick atmospheres no data exists beyond 450 GHz. For thin atmospheres data exists from 0.35 to 1.2 THz. We were successful in using FASE code with the HITRAN database to simulate the THz transmission spectrum for Mauna Kea from 0.1 to 2 THz. Lastly, we successfully measured the THz transmission spectra of laboratory atmospheres at relative humidities of 18 and 27%. In general, we found that an increase in the water content of the atmosphere led to a decrease in the THz transmission. We identified two potential windows in an Albuquerque atmosphere for THz propagation which were the regions from 1.2 to 1.4 THz and 1.4 to 1.6 THz.

Wanke, Michael Clement; Mangan, Michael A.; Foltynowicz, Robert J.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Science DMZ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NOAA NOAA About ESnet Overview ESnet Staff Governance Our Network Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ CU Science DMZ Penn State & VTTI Science DMZ NOAA Science DMZ NERSC Science DMZ ALS Multi-facility Workflow LCLS ESnet Strategic Plan ESnet Organizational Chart ESnet History Science Requirements Careers Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Science DMZ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Boulder houses the Earth System Research Lab, which supports a "reforecasting" project. The initiative involves running several decades of historical

322

Atmospheres and radiating surfaces of neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The beginning of the 21st century was marked by a breakthrough in the studies of thermal radiation of neutron stars. Observations with modern space telescopes have provided a wealth of valuable information. Being correctly interpreted, this information can elucidate physics of superdense matter in the interiors of these stars. The theory of formation of thermal spectra of neutron stars is based on the physics of plasmas and radiative processes in stellar photospheres. It provides the framework for interpretation of observational data and for extracting neutron-star parameters from these data. This paper presents a review of the current state of the theory of surface layers of neutron stars and radiative processes in these layers, with the main focus on the neutron stars that possess strong magnetic fields. In addition to the conventional deep (semi-infinite) atmospheres, radiative condensed surfaces of neutron stars and "thin" (finite) atmospheres are also considered.

Potekhin, A Y

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii for the Marine ARM GPCI Investigation of Clouds (MAGIC) Field Campaign (an AMF2 Deployment)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

From October 2012 through September 2013, the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) was deployed on the container ship Spirit, operated by Horizon Lines, for the Marine ARM GPCI* Investigation of Clouds (MAGIC) field campaign. During approximately 20 round trips between Los Angeles, California, and Honolulu, Hawaii, AMF2 obtained continuous on-board measurements of cloud and precipitation, aerosols, and atmospheric radiation; surface meteorological and oceanographic variables; and atmospheric profiles from weather balloons launched every six hours. During two two-week intensive observational periods in January and July 2013, additional instruments were deployed and balloon soundings were be increased to every three hours. These additional data provided a more detailed characterization of the state of the atmosphere and its daily cycle during two distinctly different seasons. The primary objective of MAGIC was to improve the representation of the stratocumulus-to-cumulus transition in climate models. AMF2 data documented the small-scale physical processes associated with turbulence, convection, and radiation in a variety of marine cloud types.

324

EMSL: Science: Atmospheric Aerosol Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Aerosol Systems Atmospheric Aerosol Systems atmospheric logo Nighttime enhancement of nitrogen-containing organic compounds, or NOC Observed nighttime enhancement of nitrogen-containing organic compounds, or NOC, showed evidence of being formed by reactions that transform carbonyls into imines. The Atmospheric Aerosol Systems Science Theme focuses on understanding the chemistry, physics and molecular-scale dynamics of aerosols for model parameterization to improve the accuracy of climate model simulations and develop a predictive understanding of climate. By elucidating the role of natural and anthropogenic regional and global climate forcing mechanisms, EMSL can provide DOE and others with the ability to develop cost-effective strategies to monitor, control and mitigate them.

325

ARM - Evolution of the Atmosphere  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

provides clues as to the composition of the early atmosphere. Volcanic emissions include nitrogen, sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and trace gases such as argon. Although oxygen,...

326

2010 National Instruments. All rights reserved. Visit ni.com/legal. For patents see ni.com/patents. National Instruments LabVIEW Boot Camp at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.com/patents. National Instruments LabVIEW Boot Camp at Arizona State University June 16 - 19, 2014 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM Each day Memorial Union - Cochise & Union Stage Register today to attend our upcoming NI LabVIEW Boot

Reisslein, Martin

327

IceCube: An Instrument for Neutrino Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Instrument for Neutrino Astronomy Francis Halzen 1 andAn Instrument for Neutrino Astronomy Francis Halzen 1 and94720 Abstract Neutrino astronomy beyond the Sun was first

Halzen, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

SciTech Connect: Nuclear power reactor instrumentation systems...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Nuclear power reactor instrumentation systems handbook. Volume 1 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Nuclear power reactor instrumentation systems handbook. Volume 1 You...

329

Mass Correlation of Engine Emissions with Spectral Instruments...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Mass Correlation of Engine Emissions with Spectral Instruments Mass Correlation of Engine Emissions with Spectral Instruments 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)...

330

SciTech Connect: Laboratory instrument design progress report...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technical Report: Laboratory instrument design progress report, January 1--April 30, 1949 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Laboratory instrument design progress report,...

331

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Instrument and Controls | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Instrument and Controls FAQS Job Task Analyses - Instrument and Controls FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task...

332

Space Science : Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Space Science : Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect Part-5a Solar + Earth Spectrum IR Absorbers Grey Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect #12;Radiation: Solar and Earth Surface B"(T) Planck Ideal Emission Integrate at the carbon cycle #12;However, #12;Greenhouse Effect is Complex #12;PLANETARY ENERGY BALANCE G+W fig 3-5

Johnson, Robert E.

333

Spring/dimple instrument tube restraint  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear fuel assembly for a pressurized water nuclear reactor has a spring and dimple structure formed in a non-radioactive insert tube placed in the top of a sensor receiving instrumentation tube thimble disposed in the fuel assembly and attached at a top nozzle, a bottom nozzle, and intermediate grids. The instrumentation tube thimble is open at the top, where the sensor or its connection extends through the cooling water for coupling to a sensor signal processor. The spring and dimple insert tube is mounted within the instrumentation tube thimble and extends downwardly adjacent the top. The springs and dimples restrain the sensor and its connections against lateral displacement causing impact with the instrumentation tube thimble due to the strong axial flow of cooling water. The instrumentation tube has a stainless steel outer sleeve and a zirconium alloy inner sleeve below the insert tube adjacent the top. The insert tube is relatively non-radioactivated inconel alloy. The opposed springs and dimples are formed on diametrically opposite inner walls of the insert tube, the springs being formed as spaced axial cuts in the insert tube, with a web of the insert tube between the cuts bowed radially inwardly for forming the spring, and the dimples being formed as radially inward protrusions opposed to the springs. 7 figures.

DeMario, E.E.; Lawson, C.N.

1993-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

334

Coupling between the University of California, Davis, Advanced CanopyAtmosphereSoil Algorithm (ACASA) and MM5: Preliminary Results for July 1998 for Western North America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The University of California, Davis, Advanced CanopyAtmosphereSoil Algorithm (ACASA) is coupled to the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State UniversityNational Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Mesoscale Model (MM5) as a land surface ...

R. David Pyles; Bryan C. Weare; Kyaw Tha Paw U; William Gustafson

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Matter in Extreme Conditions Instrument - Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), in collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), is constructing a Free-Electron Laser (FEL) research facility. The FEL has already met its performance goals in the wavelength range 1.5 nm - 0.15 nm. This facility, the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), utilizes the SLAC 2-Mile Linear Accelerator (linac) and will produce sub-picosecond pulses of short wavelength X-rays with very high peak brightness and almost complete transverse coherence. The final one-third of the SLAC linac is used as the source of electrons for the LCLS. The high energy electrons are transported across the SLAC Research Yard, into a tunnel which houses a long undulator. In passing through the undulator, the electrons are bunched by the force of their own synchrotron radiation and produce an intense, monochromatic, spatially coherent beam of X-rays. By varying the electron energy, the FEL X-ray wavelength is tunable from 1.5 nm to 0.15 nm. The LCLS includes two experimental halls as well as X-ray optics and infrastructure necessary to create a facility that can be developed for research in a variety of disciplines such as atomic physics, materials science, plasma physics and biosciences. This Conceptual Design Report, the authors believe, confirms the feasibility of designing and constructing an X-ray instrument in order to exploit the unique scientific capability of LCLS by creating extreme conditions and study the behavior of plasma under those controlled conditions. This instrument will address the Office of Science, Fusion Energy Sciences, mission objective related to study of Plasma and Warm Dense Matter as described in the report titled LCLS, the First Experiments, prepared by the LCLS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) in September 2000. The technical objective of the LCLS Matter in Extreme Conditions (MEC) Instrument project is to design, build, and install at the LCLS an X-ray instrument that will complement the initial instrument suite included in the LCLS construction and the LUSI Major Item of Equipment (MIE) Instruments. As the science programs advance and new technological challenges appear, instrumentation must be developed and ready to conquer these new opportunities. The MEC concept has been developed in close consultation with the scientific community through a series of workshops team meetings and focused reviews. In particular, the MEC instrument has been identified as meeting one of the most urgent needs of the scientific community based on the advice of the LCLS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) in response to an open call for letters of intent (LOI) from the breadth of the scientific community. The primary purpose of the MEC instrument is to create High Energy Density (HED) matter and measure its physical properties. There are three primary elements of the MEC instrument: (A) Optical laser drivers that will create HED states by irradiation in several ways and provide diagnostics capability; (B) The LCLS x-ray free electron laser, which will provide the unique capability to create, probe and selectively pump HED states; and, (C) A suite of diagnostic devices required to observe the evolution of the HED state. These elements when combined in the MEC instrument meet the 'Mission Need' as defined in CD-0. For the purposes of the description we separate the types of experiments to be performed into three categories: (1) High pressure: Here we are interested in the generation of high pressure using the optical lasers to irradiate a surface that ablates and drives a pressure wave into a sample, similar to a piston. The pressures that can be reached exceed 1 Mbar and the properties of interest are for example, the reflectivity, conductivity, opacity as well as the changes driven by the pressure wave on, e.g., condensed matter structure. These phenomena will be studied by means of diffraction measurements, measurements of the pressure wave characteristics, in situ probing by

Boyce, R.F.; Boyce, R.M.; Haller, G.; Hastings, J.B.; Hays, G.; Lee, H.J.; /SLAC; Lee, R.W.; /LLNL, Livermore; Nagler, B.; /Rutherford; Scharfenstein, M.; Marsh, D.; White, W.E.; /SLAC; ,

2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

336

Solar Decathlon 2009 Instrumentation and Monitoring  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 Solar Decathlon 2009 Instrumentation and Monitoring The Solar Decathlon instrumentation team, led by Mountain Energy Partnership (MEP) personnel, installed data acquisition systems in each house during assembly and removed the systems during disassembly. The locations of sensors were planned in advance through negotiations between the organizers and each team. Installation had to be completed on the National Mall before the start of the objectively measured contests (October 8, 2009). Most of the teams, despite their best intentions, were finishing construction of their houses during assembly on the Mall, which made installation of instrumentation a bit tricky. MEP is accustomed to working with the normal last-minute nature of construction, and they were able to work with the teams to install equipment as

337

Solar Decathlon 2007 Instrumentation and Monitoring  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solar Decathlon 2007 Solar Decathlon 2007 Instrumentation and Monitoring The Solar Decathlon Instrumentation and Monitoring Group (IMG), led by Mountain Energy Partnership (MEP) personnel, installed sensors and monitoring equipment in each house during assembly and removed the equipment during disassembly. The locations of sensors and monitoring equipment were planned in advance through negotiations between the organizers and each team. Installation had to be completed on the Mall at least two days before the start of the objectively measured contests (October 15, 2007). Most of the teams, despite their best intentions, were finishing construction of their houses during assembly on the Mall, which made installation of instrumentation a bit tricky. MEP is accustomed to working with the normal last-minute nature of

338

Moderators - Instrument Support | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Moderators Moderators Detailed design of scattering instruments requires detailed knowledge of the neutron beam emitted from the moderator in question. We are currently providing moderator performance estimates based on the result of detailed Monte Carlo simulations of the entire target system. These simulations are being performed for both the High Power Target Station (HPTS) and the Long Wavelength Target Station (LWTS), and have been performed for the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) in the same manner. We make the IPNS source files available as a means to benchmark instrument simulation codes. These files follow a particular "source file format" which will adapt to the changing needs of instrument simulation as necessary. We also provide worked examples showing how to use the information in the source files

339

MKS Instruments Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MKS Instruments Inc MKS Instruments Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name MKS Instruments Inc Place Wilmington, Massachusetts Zip 1887 Product Manufactures vacuum deposition equipment, with potential applications in PV manufacture. Coordinates 42.866922°, -72.868494° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.866922,"lon":-72.868494,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

340

Veeco Instruments Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Veeco Instruments Inc Veeco Instruments Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Veeco Instruments Inc Place Woodbury, New York Zip 11797 Sector Solar Product US manufacturer of production equipment mostly for data storage but also for CIGS thin-film solar and LED MOCVD manufacturing equipment. Coordinates 44.440496°, -72.414991° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.440496,"lon":-72.414991,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 356 (1995) l-4 INSTRUMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELSEVIER Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 356 (1995) l-4 NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS 8 METHODS IN PHYSICS REgtR?n Thermodynamics of dynamic nuclear polarization W.Th. Wenckebach Faculty ofApplied Physics, Delfr Unicersity of Technology, P.O.B. 5046, 2600 GA De& The Netherlands Abstract Dynamic nuclear

Dutz, Hartmut

342

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 360 (1995) 189-192 INSTRUMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELSEVIER Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 360 (1995) 189-192 NUCLEARFaculty ofPhysics and Nuclear Techniques Academy ofMining and Metallurgy, Cracow, Poland h INFN, Torino INSTRUMENTS 8 METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SectIonA A fast, high-granularity silicon multiplicity detector

Ramello, Luciano

343

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 356 (1995) 111-I 15 INSTRUMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JL3*H Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 356 (1995) 111-I 15 NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS accelerator ELSA. 1. Introduction 2. The frozen spin target One powerful tool to study spin dependent in the isolation vacuum of the vertical "He/"He dilution refrigerator of the Bonn frozen spin target

Dutz, Hartmut

344

The U.S./IAEA Workshop on Software Sustainability for Safeguards Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. National Nuclear Security Administrations Next Generation Safeguards Initiative, the U.S. Department of State, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) organized a a workshop on the subject of Software Sustainability for Safeguards Instrumentation. The workshop was held at the Vienna International Centre in Vienna, Austria, May 6-8, 2014. The workshop participants included software and hardware experts from national laboratories, industry, government, and IAEA member states who were specially selected by the workshop organizers based on their experience with software that is developed for the control and operation of safeguards instrumentation. The workshop included presentations, to orient the participants to the IAEA Department of Safeguards software activities related to instrumentation data collection and processing, and case studies that were designed to inspire discussion of software development, use, maintenance, and upgrades in breakout sessions and to result in recommendations for effective software practices and management. This report summarizes the results of the workshop.

Pepper S. E.; .; Worrall, L.; Pickett, C.; Bachner, K.; Queirolo, A.

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

345

MERCURY IN THE ATMOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, AND POLICY SPHERE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MERCURY IN THE ATMOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, AND POLICY SPHERE: Insights from Global Modeling Noelle #12;MERCURY IN THE ENVIRONMENT: OUTLINE 1. Deposition to the United States results from a mix of local and global sources, depending on the location 2. Historical and present releases of mercury will continue

Selin, Noelle Eckley

346

Model projections of atmospheric steering of Sandy-like superstorms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Polvani Adam H. Sobel aDepartment of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523;bDivision of Ocean...N Botzen WJW Emanuel K de Moel H ( 2013 ) Low-probability flood risk modeling for New York City . Risk Anal 33 ( 5 ): 772...

Elizabeth A. Barnes; Lorenzo M. Polvani; Adam H. Sobel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Polarization of the Atmosphere as a Foreground for Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We quantify the level of polarization of the atmosphere due to Zeeman splitting of oxygen in the Earth's magnetic field and compare it to the level of polarization expected from the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation. The analysis focuses on the effect at mid-latitudes and at large angular scales. We find that from stratospheric balloon borne platforms and for observations near 100 GHz the atmospheric linear and circular polarized intensities is about 10^{-12} and 100 x 10^{-9} K, respectively, making the atmosphere a negligible source of foreground. From the ground the linear and circular polarized intensities are about 10^{-9} and 100 x 10^{-6} K, making the atmosphere a potential source of foreground for the CMB E (B) mode signal if there is even a 1% (0.01%) conversion of circular to linear polarization in the instrument.

Shaul Hanany; Philip Rosenkranz

2003-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

348

Observing chemistry of atmospheric particles | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Observing chemistry of atmospheric particles Observing chemistry of atmospheric particles Review article reached the International Reviews in Physical Chemistry most read list NULL...

349

Integrated polymerase chain reaction/electrophoresis instrument  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new approach and instrument for field identification of micro-organisms and DNA fragments using a small and disposable device containing integrated polymerase chain reaction (PCR) enzymatic reaction wells, attached capillary electrophoresis (CE) channels, detectors, and read-out all on/in a small hand-held package. The analysis instrument may be made inexpensively, for example, of plastic, and thus is disposable, which minimizes cross contamination and the potential for false positive identification between samples. In addition, it is designed for multiple users with individual applications. The integrated PCR/CE is manufactured by the PCR well and CE channels are "stamped" into plastic depressions where conductive coatings are made in the wells and ends of the CE microchannels to carry voltage and current to heat the PCR reaction mixtures and simultaneously draw DNA bands up the CE channels. Light is transmitted through the instrument at appropriate points and detects PCR bands and identifies DNA fragments by size (retention time) and quantifies each by the amount of light generated as each phototransistor positioned below each CE channel detects a passing band. The instrument is so compact that at least 100 PCR/CE reactions/analyses can be performed easily on one detection device.

Andresen, Brian D. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Handbook of Scientific Instruments and Apparatus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE annual "Handbook of Scientific Instruments and Apparatus" prepared in connexion with the Physical Society's annual ... by Dr. K. Hickman, of Rochester, New York, an authority on high-vacua physics, who will speak on April 3 at 5.15 p.m. on "Torpidity ...

1952-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

351

Advanced Instrumentation for Positron Emission Tomography [PET  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

This paper summarizes the physical processes and medical science goals that underlay modern instrumentation design for Positron Emission Tomography. The paper discusses design factors such as detector material, crystalphototube coupling, shielding geometry, sampling motion, electronics design, time-of-flight, and the interrelationships with quantitative accuracy, spatial resolution, temporal resolution, maximum data rates, and cost.

Derenzo, S. E.; Budinger, T. F.

1985-04-00T23:59:59.000Z

352

ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY OBSERVATIONS OF CORONAL LOOPS: CROSS-FIELD TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We construct revised response functions for the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) using the new atomic data, ionization equilibria, and coronal abundances available in CHIANTI 7.1. We then use these response functions in multithermal analysis of coronal loops, which allows us to determine a specific cross-field temperature distribution without ad hoc assumptions. Our method uses data from the six coronal filters and the Monte Carlo solutions available from our differential emission measure (DEM) analysis. The resulting temperature distributions are not consistent with isothermal plasma. Therefore, the observed loops cannot be modeled as single flux tubes and must be composed of a collection of magnetic strands. This result is now supported by observations from the High-resolution Coronal Imager, which show fine-scale braiding of coronal strands that are reconnecting and releasing energy. Multithermal analysis is one of the major scientific goals of AIA, and these results represent an important step toward the successful achievement of that goal. As AIA DEM analysis becomes more straightforward, the solar community will be able to take full advantage of the state-of-the-art spatial, temporal, and temperature resolution of the instrument.

Schmelz, J. T.; Jenkins, B. S.; Pathak, S., E-mail: jschmelz@memphis.edu [Physics Department, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

353

Radon Content of the Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... preliminary work. The absence of levels of a higher order suggests that the contribution of radon from this source does not represent a significant addition to the total atmospheric level. ... Domestic 0.70

W. ANDERSON; R. C. TURNER

1956-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

354

Laser Atmospheric Studies with VERITAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a calibrated laser pulse propagates through the atmosphere, the amount of Rayleigh-scattered light arriving at the VERITAS telescopes can be calculated precisely. This technique was originally developed for the absolute calibration of ultra-high-energy cosmic-ray fluorescence telescopes but is also applicable to imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs). In this paper, we present two nights of laser data taken with the laser at various distances away from the VERITAS telescopes and compare it to Rayleigh scattering simulations.

C. M. Hui; for the VERITAS collaboration

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

355

Doubling of atmospheric methane supported  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric methane over the past 27,000 years was measured by analyzing air trapped in glacial ice in Greenland and Antarctica. Atmospheric concentrations were stable over that period until about 200 years b.p. In the last 200 years they have more than doubled. This change in concentration is correlated with the increase in human population; the implications for climate modification are discussed. 1 figure, 3 references.

Kerr, R.A.

1984-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

356

1st Advanced Marine Renewable Energy Instrumentation Experts Workshop: April 5-7, 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. marine energy industry is actively pursuing development of offshore wind and marine hydrokinetic (MHK) energy systems. Experience in the wind energy sector demonstrates that new technology development requires thorough measurement and characterization of the environmental conditions prevalent at installation sites and of technology operating in the field. Presently, there are no turn-key instrumentation system solutions that meet the measurement needs of the marine energy industry. The 1st Advanced Marine Renewable Energy Instrumentation Experts Workshop brought together technical experts from government laboratories, academia, and industry representatives from marine energy, wind, offshore oil and gas, and instrumentation developers to present and discuss the instrumentation needs of the marine energy industry. The goals of the meeting were to: (1) Share the latest relevant knowledge among technical experts; (2) Review relevant state-of-the-art field measurement technologies and methods; (3) Review lessons learned from recent field deployments; (4) Identify synergies across different industries; (5) Identify gaps between existing and needed instrumentation capabilities; (6) Understand who are the leading experts; (7) Provide a forum where stakeholders from the marine energy industry could provide substantive input in the development of new marine energy field deployable instrumentation packages.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Stability and Turbulence in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer: A Comparison of Remote Sensing and Tower Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When monitoring winds and atmospheric stability for wind energy applications, remote sensing instruments present some advantages to in-situ instrumentation such as larger vertical extent, in some cases easy installation and maintenance, measurements of vertical humidity profiles throughout the boundary layer, and no restrictions on prevailing wind directions. In this study, we compare remote sensing devices, Windcube lidar and microwave radiometer, to meteorological in-situ tower measurements to demonstrate the accuracy of these measurements and to assess the utility of the remote sensing instruments in overcoming tower limitations. We compare temperature and wind observations, as well as calculations of Brunt-Vaisala frequency and Richardson numbers for the instrument deployment period in May-June 2011 at the U.S. Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory's National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado. The study reveals that a lidar and radiometer measure wind and temperature with the same accuracy as tower instruments, while also providing advantages for monitoring stability and turbulence. We demonstrate that the atmospheric stability is determined more accurately when the liquid-water mixing ratio derived from the vertical humidity profile is considered under moist-adiabatic conditions.

Friedrich, K.; Lundquist, J. K.; Aitken, M.; Kalina, E. A.; Marshall, R. F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Anthropogenic NO2 in the Atmosphere: Estimates of the Column Content and Radiative Forcing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Anthropogenic NO Anthropogenic NO 2 in the Atmosphere: Estimates of the Column Content and Radiative Forcing A. N. Rublev Institution of Molecular Physics Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute Moscow, Russia N Chubarova Meteorological Observatory of Moscow State University Moscow, Russia G. Gorchakov Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, Russia Introduction The work summarizes the different methodical aspects, firstly, the use of atmosphere optical depths presented in Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) data for NO 2 column retrievals, and, secondly, its radiative forcing calculated as difference between integral solar fluxes absorbed in the atmosphere with and without NO 2 under given air mass or the sun zenith angle.

359

Numerical Simulation of the 1993 Midwestern Flood: LandAtmosphere Interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the summer of 1993, persistent and heavy precipitation caused a long-lived, catastrophic flood in the midwestern United States. In this paper, Midwest hydrology, atmospheric circulation of the 1993 summer, and feedback between the surface ...

Michael G. Bosilovich; Wen-yih Sun

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Surface currents and equatorial thermocline in a coupled upper ocean-atmosphere GCM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Oregon State University coupled upper ocean-atmosphere GCM is evaluated in terms of the simulated winds, ocean currents and thermocline depth variations. Although the zonal ... a factor of about three and the...

Kenneth R Sperber; Sultan Hameed; W Gates Lawrence

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Accelerated Iterative Method for Solving Steady Solutions of Linearized Atmospheric Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accelerated Iterative Method for Solving Steady Solutions of Linearized Atmospheric Models Masahiro approach, referred to as the accelerated iterative method (AIM), is developed for solving steady state, respectively. For ensuring the accelerated asymptotic convergence of iterative procedure

Watanabe, Masahiro

362

Technical Sessions G. L. Stephens P. D. Gabriel Colorado State...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

G. L. Stephens P. D. Gabriel Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science Ft. Collins, CO 80523 Introduction parameterization problem have been addressed (such as...

363

Atmospheric Chemistry, Modeling, and Biogeochemistry of Mercury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

activities that release mercury to the atmosphere include coal burning, industrial processes, waste incine

364

Solar Decathlon 2005, Instrumentation and Monitoring  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Decathlon 2005: The Event in Review Decathlon 2005: The Event in Review Web Site Resources: Instrumentation and Monitoring 1 Solar Decathlon 2005, Instrumentation and Monitoring The Solar Decathlon organizers installed sensors and monitoring equipment in each house during assembly and removed the equipment during disassembly. (Some of the equipment was installed on prior visits to the teams' sites on their campuses during construction.) The locations of sensors and monitoring equipment were planned in advance through negotiations between the organizers and each team. Installation had to be completed on the Mall at least two days before the start of the objectively measured contests (October 10, 2005). Most of the teams, despite their very best intentions, were finishing construction of their houses during assembly on the Mall, which made

365

Choppers - Instrument Support | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Neutron Choppers Neutron Choppers The primary mission of the Neutron Chopper Team is to provide functional, reliable, safe, and operationally proven neutron chopper systems as required by the SNS instrument beam lines. Type of Choppers Activities Facilities Equipment TOP2 T0 chopper installed and operating in a CTF lower level chopper test bay. (Click for a larger picture) Chopper technician Bill Jordan recording chopper balance data. Types of Choppers Neutron choppers are rotating mechanical devices designed to block the neutron beam for some fraction of each revolution of the chopper. Our goal is to have at least three different functional classes of neutron choppers available for user experiments. Most, if not all, of these will be designed in standard forms that are interchangeable among the instruments. Most

366

ARM - Campaign Instrument - rad-air  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsrad-air govInstrumentsrad-air Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Airborne Radiometers (RAD-AIR) Instrument Categories Radiometric, Airborne Observations Campaigns Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC) [ Download Data ] North Slope Alaska, 2008.04.01 - 2008.04.30 Routine AAF CLOWD Optical Radiative Observations (RACORO) [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2009.01.22 - 2009.06.30 Routine AAF CLOWD Optical Radiative Observations (RACORO) [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2009.01.22 - 2009.06.30 Routine AAF CLOWD Optical Radiative Observations (RACORO) [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2009.01.22 - 2009.06.30 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant.

367

ARM - Campaign Instrument - smart-rad  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentssmart-rad govInstrumentssmart-rad Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Broadband Radiometers from NASA SMART Trailer (SMART-RAD) Instrument Categories Radiometric Campaigns Application of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to Study the Aerosol Indirect Effects in China [ Download Data ] Shouxian, Anhui, China; Mobile Facility, 2008.05.15 - 2008.12.29 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Longwave broadband downwelling irradiance Shortwave broadband total downwelling irradiance

368

Ultrasonic unipolar pulse/echo instrument  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ultrasonic unipolar pulse/echo instrument uses active switches and a timing and drive circuitry to control electrical energy to a transducer, the discharging of the transducer, and the opening of an electrical pathway to the receiving circuitry for the returning echoes. The active switches utilize MOSFET devices along with decoupling circuitry to insure the preservation of the unipolar nature of the pulses, insure fast transition times, and maintain broad band width and time resolution. A housing contains the various circuitry and switches and allows connection to a power supply and a movable ultrasonic transducer. The circuitry maintains low impedance input to the transducer during transmitting cycles, and high impedance between the transducer and the receiving circuit during receive cycles to maintain the unipolar pulse shape. A unipolar pulse is valuable for nondestructive evaluation, a prime use for the present instrument.

Hughes, M.J.; Hsu, D.K.; Thompson, D.O.; Wormley, S.J.

1993-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

369

Large coil task instrumentation and diagnostics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the Large Coil Task (LCT) was to develop large toroidal superconducting magnets for fusion reactors. Each of the six coils built for this task was heavily instrumented with some 200 to 400 sensors and diagnostic voltage taps to test its performance and characteristics. In addition, more than a thousand sensors were installed in the facility and test-stand components to ensure safe and controlled operation. Through the three-year test period, some sensors worked consistently, some failed prematurely, some constantly gave useful information, some were rarely used, and others were vital in a particular test mode. This paper reviews the various type of thermometers, pressure transducers, flowmeters, strain gages, displacement transducers, acoustic emission sensors, field probes, and other diagnostic instrumentation used in LCT. The usefulness of the sensors, the difficulties with some of them, and the reliability of different groups of sensors in this task are described.

Lue, J.W.; Ellis, J.F.; Fietz, W.A.; Lubell, M.S.; Luton, J.N.; Schwenterly, S.W.; Wilson, C.T.; Wintenberg, R.E.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 96 (1995) 545-549 Be8m Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a__ !!I!!! __ ELSEVIER Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 96 (1995) 545.P. Kanter a, T. LeBrun a, L. Young a, W. Bauer b aPhysics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL- state and the atomic scales. As is observed in the solid-state and in atomic (and indeed nuclear

Bauer, Wolfgang

371

Vibrations in brass instrument bodies: A review.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The bodies of brass instruments vibrate when played as evident to any player. These vibrations are driven mechanically at the players lips and by coupling with the internal acoustic field throughout the instrument. The coupling can equally well allow energy flow in the opposite direction from the body to the players lips and to the internal acoustic field. The vibrating shell can also radiate directly into the room. Studies involving human or machine players suggest that the effect of the wall vibrations on the acoustic spectral components is of the order of a few decibels. However for the most part the direct radiation of the wall vibrations is approximately 20 dB below the level of the radiated internal acoustic field. The wall vibrations have a slightly different time envelope though and also have a formant?like region around a few kilohertz. Some of the pieces of this complex puzzle that need further investigation include the interaction between player and instrument the effect of sound level on the coupling the perceptibility of the radiated vibrations by auditors and the variations within the brass family.

Peter L. Hoekje

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Instrument and Source Design Division | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ron Crone, RRD Director Ron Crone, RRD Director ISDD Director Ron Crone. Instrument and Source Design Division The Instrument and Source Design Division (ISDD) supports the engineering and development of scientific instruments at the High Flux Isotope Reactor and the Spallation Neutron Source. ISDD continuously develops facilities and capabilities associated with neutron science through research and development. Organization Chart A PDF version of the ISDD Organization Chart is available. Key Division Contacts Director Ron Crone Administrative Assistant Wendy Brooks HFIR Instrument Engineering Doug Selby SNS Instrument Engineering David Vandergriff Instrumentation Projects and Development Ken Herwig Project Management/Operations and Analysis Barbara Thibadeau Source Development and Engineering Analysis Phil Ferguson

373

Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy Impacts Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/0,,contentMDK:2298 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/renewable-energy-financial-instrument Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Training & Education Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) aims to assist policy in identifying appropriate financial instruments to scale-up

374

Measurements of the Infrared SpectraLines of Water Vapor at Atmospheric Temperatures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurements of the Infrared Spectral Lines Measurements of the Infrared Spectral Lines of Water Vapor at Atmospheric Temperatures P. Varanasi and Q. Zou Institute for Terrestrial and Planetary Atmospheres State University of New York at Stony Brook Stony Brook, New York Introduction Water vapor is undoubtedly the most dominant greenhouse gas in the terrestrial atmosphere. In the two facets of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program research, atmospheric remote sensing (air-borne as well as Cloud and Radiation Testbed [CART] site-based) and modeling of atmospheric radiation, the spectrum of water vapor, ranging from the microwave to the visible wavelengths, plays a significant role. Its spectrum has been the subject of many studies throughout the last century. Therefore, it is natural to presume it should be fairly well established by now. However, the need for a

375

Instrument Development Tethered Balloon Sounding System for Vertical Radiation Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tethered Balloon Sounding System Tethered Balloon Sounding System for Vertical Radiation Profiles C. D. Whiteman J. M. Alzheimer G. A. Anderson M. R. Garnich W. J. Shaw Pacific Northwest Laboratory Richland, WA 99352 platform is built on a triangular frame identical to the one on the Sky Platform, but the MSP carries no radiometric sensors, control loop, or leveling motors. Rather. the MSP is instrumented to measure the motions to which the Sky Platform will be subjected; the data provide engineering information to be used in the final design of the control loop and structural elements of the Sky Platform. An array of six miniature solid state accelerometers provides the raw data from which balloon motions are determined. Future plans call for the installation of a small attitude gyroscope on the

376

Instrument Series: Microscopy Aberration-Corrected Scanning/Transmission  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aberration-Corrected Aberration-Corrected Scanning/Transmission Electron Microscope EMSL's aberration-corrected Titan 80-300(tm) scanning/transmission electron microscope (S/TEM) provides high-resolution imaging with sub-angstrom resolution and spectroscopic capabilities. This state-of-the-art instrument is equipped with a Schottky field-emission electron source, an electron gun monochromator, CEOS hexapole spherical aberration corrector for the probe-forming lens, high-angle annular dark field (HAADF) detector, an X-ray spectrometer (EDS), and a high-resolution Gatan Imaging Filter (GIF). The selection of electron energy between 80 kV and 300 kV enables optimized imaging for a variety of samples, including electron beam sensitive materials. Research Applications

377

SLAC All Access: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Science Instrument  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

John Bozek, a staff scientist at SLAC's Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray laser who manages the LCLS Soft X-ray Department, takes us behind the scenes at the Atomic, Molecular and Optical Science (AMO) instrument, the first of six experimental stations now operating at LCLS. Samples used in AMO experiments include atoms, molecules, clusters, and nanoscale objects such as protein crystals or viruses. Science performed at AMO includes fundamental studies of light-matter interactions in the extreme X-ray intensity of the LCLS pules, time-resolved studies of increasingly charged states of atoms and molecules, X-ray diffraction imaging of nanocrystals, and single-shot imaging of a variety of objects.

Bozek, John

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

378

Instrument Series: Mass Spectrometry SPLAT II  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mass Spectrometry Mass Spectrometry SPLAT II SPLAT II is a one-of-a-kind single particle mass spectrometer that was designed, constructed, and deployed at EMSL to allow users to precisely characterize the physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles. SPLAT II yields quantitative information on particle physical and chemical properties in the laboratory or in the field-even aboard an aircraft. In the context of EMSL's integrated problem-solving environment, the unique capabilities of SPLAT II enable vital research across a range of scientific fields. Research Applications Fundamental science - characterizing the properties and behavior of matter on the nanoscale Atmospheric chemistry - understanding the processes that control atmospheric aerosol life cycle Climate change - uncovering and helping

379

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U U r r b b a a n n A A t t m m o o s s p p h h e e r r i i c c O O b b s s e e r r v v a a t t o o r r y y ( ( U U A A O O ) ) F F i i r r s s t t P P l l a a n n n n i i n n g g W W o o r r k k s s h h o o p p - - A A t t t t e e n n d d e e e e s s 2 2 7 7 - - 2 2 8 8 J J a a n n u u a a r r y y , , 2 2 0 0 0 0 3 3 ****************************************************************** Sean Ahearn Hunter College North Bldg., 10 th Floor New York City, NY sca@everest.hunter.cuny.edu (W) 212-772-5327 Robert Bornstein San Jose State University Dept. of Meteorology San Jose, CA 951920-0104 pblmodel@hotmail.com (W) 408-924-5205 (F) 408-924-5191 David Brown Argonne National Lab 9700 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 dbrown@anl.gov (W) 608-442-1249 Michael Brown LANL, Drop Point 19S, SM-30 Bikini Atoll Road Group D4-MS F604 Los Alamos, NM 87545 mbrown@lanl.gov (W) 505- 667-1788

380

Chlordanes in the Mid-Atlantic Atmosphere:? New Jersey 1997?1999  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To characterize the atmospheric dynamics and behavior of chlordane compounds in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States, atmospheric concentrations were measured in 1997?1999 at three New Jersey locations as part of the New Jersey Atmospheric Deposition Network (NJADN) project. ... The Jersey City site is located within 500 m of a major interstate highway and is situated on the grounds of Liberty State Park in the middle of a major urban/industrial setting 3 km west of lower Manhattan. ...

John H. Offenberg Eric D. Nelson; Cari L. Gigliotti; Steven J. Eisenreich

2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

CDIAC Atmospheric Pressure Data Sets  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Pressure Atmospheric Pressure CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Atmospheric Pressure Data Global Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 1 (CDIAC NDP-041) R.S. Vose et al. Surface stations; monthly mean sea-level pressure Varies by station; through 1990 Extended Edited Synoptic Cloud Reports from Ships and Land Stations Over the Globe, 1952-2009 (CDIAC NDP-026C) C.J. Hahn, S.G. Warren, and R. Eastman Six-hourly synoptic observations of sea-level pressure Land 1971-2009; Ocean 1952-2008 Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 2 (Note: the above link takes you to NOAA's National Climatic Data Center website.) R.S. Vose et al. Surface stations; monthly mean sea-level pressure Varies by station; some through most recent month

382

National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NARAC TOC NARAC TOC The National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center, NARAC, provides tools and services to the Federal Government, that map the probable spread of hazardous material accidentally or intentionally released into the atmosphere. NARAC provides atmospheric plume predictions in time for an emergency manager to decide if taking protective action is necessary to protect the health and safety of people in affected areas. Located at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, NARAC is a national support and resource center for planning, real-time assessment, emergency response, and detailed studies of incidents involving a wide variety of hazards, including nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological, and natural emissions. In an emergency situation (if lives are at risk), event-specific NARAC

383

CDIAC Atmospheric Moisture Data Sets  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Moisture Atmospheric Moisture CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Atmospheric Moisture Data Global Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Extended Edited Synoptic Cloud Reports from Ships and Land Stations Over the Globe, 1952-2009 (CDIAC NDP-026C) C.J. Hahn, S.G. Warren, and R. Eastman Six-hourly synoptic observations of dew point depression (combined with air temperature) Land 1971-2009; Ocean 1952-2008 Regional Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Six- and Three-Hourly Meteorological Observations from 223 Former U.S.S.R. Stations (CDIAC NDP-048) V. Razuvaev et al. Surface stations; 6- and 3-hourly observations of relative humidity, vapor pressure, humidity deficit, and dew point temperature Varies by station; through 2000

384

Chemical modeling of exoplanet atmospheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The past twenty years have revealed the diversity of planets that exist in the Universe. It turned out that most of exoplanets are different from the planets of our Solar System and thus, everything about them needs to be explored. Thanks to current observational technologies, we are able to determine some information about the atmospheric composition, the thermal structure and the dynamics of these exoplanets, but many questions remain still unanswered. To improve our knowledge about exoplanetary systems, more accurate observations are needed and that is why the Exoplanet Characterisation Observatory (EChO) is an essential space mission. Thanks to its large spectral coverage and high spectral resolution, EChO will provide exoplanetary spectra with an unprecedented accuracy, allowing to improve our understanding of exoplanets. In this work, we review what has been done to date concerning the chemical modeling of exoplanet atmospheres and what are the main characteristics of warm exoplanet atmospheres, which a...

Venot, Olivia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

atmospheric pressure | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pressure pressure Dataset Summary Description (Abstract):Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords atmospheric pressure climate NASA SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 46 MiB)

386

Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery Linked Environments for Atmospheric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unidata Program Center #12;Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery The Team: 9 institutions and 105 MethodologyTraditional NWP Methodology STATIC OBSERVATIONS Radar Data Mobile Mesonets Surface Observations Satellites The Process is Entirely Prescheduled and Serial; It Does NOT Respond to the Weather! The Process

387

CU-LASP Test Facilities ! and Instrument Calibration Capabilities"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ Star tracker ­ Solar position sensors ­ Test & calibration applications ­ End-to-end instrument;Total Solar Irradiance Radiometer Facility (TRF) · Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) instrument calibrations

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

388

Air Pollution, ATS555 Colorado State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the basic chemistry of the atmosphere and how it contributes to secondary pollutant formation. 5. Consider/Air Pollution History pp. 1-5 Air Pollution Types, Atmospheric Composition, Concentrations, and Sources pp. 5Air Pollution, ATS555 Colorado State University Fall 2014 Mondays and Wednesdays @ 4:00 ­ 5:30 Room

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

389

Atmospheric Environment 40 (2006) 17431758 Impact of urban heat island on regional atmospheric pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and spatial distribution of atmospheric pollutants over the Paris region. One anticyclonic episode from Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Regional atmospheric pollution; Urban area micrometeorology are large sources of atmospheric pollutants. Their spatial distribution and their temporal evolution can

Ribes, Aurélien

390

Behavioral Pattern Identification through Visual Language Parsing and Code Instrumentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Draw 5.1 software library performed to assess the retrieval effectiveness of the proposed approach. 1 instrumentation. In particular, the dynamic analysis is performed through the automatic instrumentation technique proposed in [7]. The dynamic analysis is performed through the automatic instrumentation

Deufemia, Vincenzo

391

Catherine Grant (MIT) Oct 31, 2005 ACIS: Instrument Status and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Catherine Grant (MIT) Oct 31, 2005 ACIS: Instrument Status and Performance Evolution Catherine Grant for the ACIS Instrument Team #12;ACIS Instrument Status Catherine Grant (MIT) Oct 31, 2005 Summary Catherine Grant (MIT) Oct 31, 2005 Monitoring Radiation Damage · Radiation damage can ­ Increase density

Grant, Catherine E.

392

Absolute instruments and perfect imaging in geometrical optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute instruments and perfect imaging in geometrical optics Tom´as Tyc, Lenka Herz symmetric absolute instruments that provide perfect imaging in the sense of geometrical optics. We derive to propose several new absolute instruments, in particular a lens providing a stigmatic image of an optically

Tyc, Tomas

393

Atmospheric Characterization of 5 Hot Jupiters with Wide Field Camera 3 on the Hubble Space Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We probe the structure and composition of the atmospheres of 5 hot Jupiter exoplanets using the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) instrument. We use the G141 grism (1.1-1.7 $\\mu$m) to study TrES-2b, TrES-4b, and CoRoT-1b in transit, TrES-3b in secondary eclipse, and WASP-4b in both. This wavelength region includes a predicted absorption feature from water at 1.4 $\\mu$m, which we expect to be nondegenerate with the other molecules that are likely to be abundant for hydrocarbon-poor (e.g. solar composition) hot Jupiter atmospheres. We divide our wavelength regions into 10 bins. For each bin we produce a spectrophotometric light curve spanning the time of transit and/or eclipse. We correct these light curves for instrumental systematics without reference to an instrument model. For our transmission spectra, our mean $1-\\sigma$ precision per bin corresponds to variations of 2.1, 2.8, and 3.0 atmospheric scale heights for TrES-2b, TrES-4b, and CoRoT-1b, respectively. We find featureless spectra for...

Ranjan, Sukrit; Dsert, Jean-Michel; Madhusudhan, Nikku; Deming, Drake; Wilkins, Ashlee; Mandell, Avi M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

All Sky Camera, LIDAR and Electric Field Meter: auxiliary instruments for the ASTRI SST-2M prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRI SST-2M is the end-to-end prototype telescope of the Italian National Institute of Astro- physics, INAF, designed to investigate the 10-100 TeV band in the framework of the Cherenkov Telescope Array, CTA. The ASTRI SST-2M telescope has been installed in Italy in September 2014, at the INAF ob- serving station located at Serra La Nave on Mount Etna. The telescope is foreseen to be completed and fully operative in spring 2015 including auxiliary instrumentation needed to support both operations and data anal- ysis. In this contribution we present the current status of a sub-set of the auxiliary instruments that are being used at the Serra La Nave site, namely an All Sky Camera, an Electric Field Meter and a Raman Lidar devoted, together with further instrumentation, to the monitoring of the atmospheric and environmental conditions. The data analysis techniques under development for these instruments could be applied at the CTA sites, where similar auxiliary instrumentation will be installed.

Leto, Giuseppe; Bellassai, Giancarlo; Bruno, Pietro; Maccarone, Maria Concetta; Martinetti, Eugenio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

CESM Century-Scale Climate Experiments with a High-Resolution Atmosphere |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A portion of the 1/4 degree grid global grid is shown over the southeast part of the United States. A portion of the 1/4 degree grid global grid is shown over the southeast part of the United States. The Community Earth System Model (CESM) is joint effort between the Department of Energy and National Science Foundation. It couples state-of-art atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, land/vegetation/ ecological/ and major glaciers into a unified system or components can be run independently. (see https://www2.ucar.edu/for-staff/update/community-earth-system-model) CESM Century-Scale Climate Experiments with a High-Resolution Atmosphere PI Name: Warren Washington PI Email: wmw@ucar.edu Institution: University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) Allocation Program: INCITE Allocation Hours at ALCF: 102.8 Million Year: 2014 Research Domain: Earth Science Researchers at the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)

396

Instrument Series: Microscopy Atom Probe The LEAP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atom Probe Atom Probe The LEAP ® 4000 XHR local electrode atom probe tomography instrument enabled the first- ever comprehensive and accurate 3-D chemical imaging studies of low electrical conductivity materials, such as ceramics, semiconductors and oxides. The LEAP capability is assisting EMSL's efforts to further scientific advancements in interface analysis and microstructural characterization, providing a new tool for understanding the relationship between the nanoscale structure of materials and their macroscopic properties. Research Applications Geochemistry - Studying chemical processes that compose rocks and soils has long been used to determine matter cycles and transport in the environment, which supports critical EMSL research in areas including bioremediation.

397

An instrumentation package for monitoring tractor performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-wheel drive JD 4440 diesel tractor was provided by Deere L Company for the duration of the TpM project. Sensors used for measuring left and right rear axle torques and d'fferential speed were installed by Deere S Company personnel. A load cell used... for measuring drawbar pull and an eight-channel Campbell digital recorder were also furnished by Deere 6 Company. In the early stages of planning instrumentation for the tractor, the TPM project received a commercially available tractor performance...

Green, Malcolm Kirk

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

398

Thermodynamics of atmospheric circulation on hot Jupiters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmospheric circulation on tidally-locked exoplanets is driven by the absorption and reradiation of heat from the host star. They are natural heat engines, converting heat into mechanical energy. A steady state is possible only if there is a mechanism to dissipate mechanical energy, or if the redistribution of heat is so effective that the Carnot efficiency is driven to zero. Simulations based on primitive, equivalent-barotropic, or shallow-water equations without explicit provision for dissipation of kinetic energy and for recovery of that energy as heat, violate energy conservation. More seriously perhaps, neglect of physical sources of drag may overestimate wind speeds and rates of advection of heat from the day to the night side.

J. Goodman

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

Atmosphere-Surface Exchange Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...HICKS, B.B., A SIMULATION OF THE EDDY ACCUMULATION...CLOSURES IN 2ND-ORDER MODELING, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC...Their advantag-es are rapid response, linear output...the measurement and modeling of surface fluxes are...the appli-cation of automated conditional sampling...

W. F. Dabberdt; D. H. Lenschow; T. W. Horst; P. R. Zimmerman; S. P. Oncley; A. C. Delany

1993-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

400

Pulsed atmospheric fluidized bed combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The general specifications for a Pulsed Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustor Design Report (PAFBC) plant are presented. The design tasks for the PAFBC are described in the following areas: Coal/Limestone preparation and feed system; pulse combustor; fluidized bed; boiler parts; and ash handling system.

Not Available

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

13, 90179049, 2013 Stable atmospheric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 13, 9017­9049, 2013 Stable atmospheric methane in the 2000s I. Pison et al. Title Page Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands 3 SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Utrecht, the Netherlands 4 Vrije Universiteit, Department of Systems Ecology, Amsterdam, the Netherlands 5

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

402

Microfabricated instrument for tissue biopsy and analysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microfabricated biopsy/histology instrument which has several advantages over the conventional procedures, including minimal specimen handling, smooth cutting edges with atomic sharpness capable of slicing very thin specimens (approximately 2 .mu.m or greater), micro-liter volumes of chemicals for treating the specimens, low cost, disposable, fabrication process which renders sterile parts, and ease of use. The cutter is a "cheese-grater" style design comprising a block or substrate of silicon and which uses anisotropic etching of the silicon to form extremely sharp and precise cutting edges. As a specimen is cut, it passes through the silicon cutter and lies flat on a piece of glass which is bonded to the cutter. Microchannels are etched into the glass or silicon substrates for delivering small volumes of chemicals for treating the specimen. After treatment, the specimens can be examined through the glass substrate. For automation purposes, microvalves and micropumps may be incorporated. Also, specimens in parallel may be cut and treated with identical or varied chemicals. The instrument is disposable due to its low cost and thus could replace current expensive microtome and histology equipment.

Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Northrup, M. Allen (Berkeley, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Precision instrumentation for rolling element bearing characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes an instrument to measure the error motion of rolling element bearings. This challenge is met by simultaneously satisfying four requirements. First, an axial preload must be applied to seat the rolling elements in the bearing races. Second, one of the races must spin under the influence of an applied torque. Third, rotation of the remaining race must be prevented in a way that leaves the radial, axial/face, and tilt displacements free to move. Finally, the bearing must be fixtured and measured without introducing off-axis loading or other distorting influences. In the design presented here, an air bearing reference spindle with error motion of less than 10 nm rotates the inner race of the bearing under test. Noninfluencing couplings are used to prevent rotation of the bearing outer race and apply an axial preload without distorting the bearing or influencing the measurement. Capacitive displacement sensors with 2 nm resolution target the nonrotating outer race. The error motion measurement repeatability is shown to be less than 25 nm. The article closes with a discussion of how the instrument may be used to gather data with sufficient resolution to accurately estimate the contact angle of deep groove ball bearings.

Marsh, Eric R.; Vigliano, Vincent C.; Weiss, Jeffrey R.; Moerlein, Alex W.; Vallance, R. Ryan [Machine Dynamics Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, 331 Reber Building University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Precision Systems Laboratory, George Washington University, 738 Phillips Hall 801 22nd Street, N.W. Washington, D.C., 20052 (United States)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

404

GNOSIS: THE FIRST INSTRUMENT TO USE FIBER BRAGG GRATINGS FOR OH SUPPRESSION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The near-infrared is an important part of the spectrum in astronomy, especially in cosmology because the light from objects in the early universe is redshifted to these wavelengths. However, deep near-infrared observations are extremely difficult to make from ground-based telescopes due to the bright background from the atmosphere. Nearly all of this background comes from the bright and narrow emission lines of atmospheric hydroxyl (OH) molecules. The atmospheric background cannot be easily removed from data because the brightness fluctuates unpredictably on short timescales. The sensitivity of ground-based optical astronomy far exceeds that of near-infrared astronomy because of this long-standing problem. GNOSIS is a prototype astrophotonic instrument that utilizes 'OH suppression fibers' consisting of fiber Bragg gratings and photonic lanterns to suppress the 103 brightest atmospheric emission doublets between 1.47 and 1.7 {mu}m. GNOSIS was commissioned at the 3.9 m Anglo-Australian Telescope with the IRIS2 spectrograph to demonstrate the potential of OH suppression fibers, but may be potentially used with any telescope and spectrograph combination. Unlike previous atmospheric suppression techniques GNOSIS suppresses the lines before dispersion and in a manner that depends purely on wavelength. We present the instrument design and report the results of laboratory and on-sky tests from commissioning. While these tests demonstrated high throughput ( Almost-Equal-To 60%) and excellent suppression of the skylines by the OH suppression fibers, surprisingly GNOSIS produced no significant reduction in the interline background and the sensitivity of GNOSIS+IRIS2 is about the same as IRIS2. It is unclear whether the lack of reduction in the interline background is due to physical sources or systematic errors as the observations are detector noise dominated. OH suppression fibers could potentially impact ground-based astronomy at the level of adaptive optics or greater. However, until a clear reduction in the interline background and the corresponding increasing in sensitivity is demonstrated optimized OH suppression fibers paired with a fiber-fed spectrograph will at least provide a real benefit at low resolving powers.

Trinh, Christopher Q.; Ellis, Simon C.; Bland-Hawthorn, Joss; Bryant, Julia; O'Byrne, John [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Lawrence, Jon S.; Horton, Anthony J.; Shortridge, Keith; Case, Scott; Colless, Matthew; Gers, Luke; Lee, Steve; Miziarski, Stan [Australian Astronomical Observatory, 105 Delhi Road, North Ryde, P.O. Box 915, NSW 1670 (Australia); Leon-Saval, Sergio G. [Institute of Photonics and Optical Science, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Couch, Warrick; Glazebrook, Karl [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, P.O. Box 218, Hawthorn, VIC 3122 (Australia); Freeman, Kenneth [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Weston Creek, ACT 2611 (Australia); Loehmannsroeben, Hans-Gerd [innoFSPEC-Institut fuer Chemie/Physikalische Chemie, Universitaet Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24-25, D-14476 Potsdam-Golm (Germany); Haynes, Roger; Roth, Martin M., E-mail: c.trinh@physics.usyd.edu.au [innoFSPEC-Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); and others

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

FAQS Qualification Card - Instrumentation and Control | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Instrumentation and Control Instrumentation and Control FAQS Qualification Card - Instrumentation and Control A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-InstrumentationAndControl.docx Description Instrumentation and Control Qualification Card More Documents & Publications

406

2F Evaporator CP class instrumentation uncertainties evaluations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are two instrumentation systems in the 2F Evaporator facilities (bldg. 242-16F) that are classified as the Critical Protection (CP). They are the Evaporator Pot Temperature instrumentations and Steam Condensate Gamma Monitor. The pot instrumentation consists of two interrelated circuits sharing the same temperature sensor and transducer. They are the high alarm and interlock circuit and the recorder circuit. The gamma monitor instrumentation consists of four interrelated circuits sharing the same scintillation detector. They are the gamma alarm and interlock circuit, failure alarm and interlock circuit, condensate cesium activity recorder circuit, and condensate americium activity recorder circuit. The resulting uncertainties for the instrument circuits are tabulated. (GHH)

Hwang, E.

1994-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

407

College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences Oregon State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operating across the continental US on a 70 kilometer grid; MOCHA onshore-offshore MT experiment imaging area where the broad Alaska continental margin transitions to stable North American craton. Two years. Other field campaigns are planned. The NGF is involved with offshore EM field measurements supporting

Kurapov, Alexander

408

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Motor Vehicles DPS Distinct Population Segment DWH Deep Water Horizon EFH Essential Fish 181 1 #12;2 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS °C Degrees Celsius CWA Clean Water Act CHEU Charlotte Harbor Take Statement MHWL Mean High Water Line MLW Mean Low Water MLLW Mean Lower Low Water NGVD National

409

Collaborative Research: Integrated Characterization of Energy, Clouds, Atmospheric state,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the broader scientific community to understand the climates of the GIS and broader Arctic Basin for graduate students at the University of Wisconsin, University of Colorado, and University of Idaho at the University of Idaho and summer workshops at the University of Wisconsin. #12;

Walden, Von P.

410

SNS Instrument System Beam Lines | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SNS Instrument Beam Lines SNS Instrument Beam Lines This diagram shows the beam lines designated for currently funded instruments. Clicking on an instrument description will take you to the page for that instrument. Clicking anywhere else on the image will open a full-size, printable PDF file. SNS Instrument Layout Backscattering Spectrometer (BASIS) Disordered Materials Diffractometer (NOMAD) Wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer (ARCS) Fine-Resolution Fermi Chopper Spectrometer (SEQUOIA) Coming Soon - Vibrational Spectrometer (VISION) Neutron Spin Echo (NSE) Hybrid Spectrometer (HYSPEC) Fundamental Neutron Physics Beamline (FNPB) Single Crystal Diffractometer (TOPAZ) Versatile Neutron Imaging Instrument (VENUS) Macromolecular Diffractometer (MaNDi) Powder Diffractometer (POWGEN3) Engineering Diffractometer (VULCAN) Extended Q-Range Small Angle Neutron Diffractometer (EQ-SANS) Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer (CNCS) Liquids (horizontal surface) Reflectometer (LR) Magnetic Advanced Grazing InCidence Spectrometer (MAGICS) High Pressure Diffractometer (SNAP) Coming Soon - Elastic Diffuse Scattering Spectrometer (CORELLI)

411

Soliant Energy formerly Practical Instruments Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Soliant Energy formerly Practical Instruments Inc Soliant Energy formerly Practical Instruments Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Soliant Energy (formerly Practical Instruments Inc) Place Pasadena, California Zip 91107 Product US-based designer and manufacturer of concentraing PV silicon modules, with tracking systems. Aims for the rooftop market. References Soliant Energy (formerly Practical Instruments Inc)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Soliant Energy (formerly Practical Instruments Inc) is a company located in Pasadena, California . References ↑ "Soliant Energy (formerly Practical Instruments Inc)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Soliant_Energy_formerly_Practical_Instruments_Inc&oldid=351479"

412

Global Thermodynamic Atmospheric Modeling: Search for NewHeterogeneous Reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article demonstrates quantitatively how far reactions are from chemical equilibrium over the full space of a two-dimensional atmospheric model. This method could be used with data where an instrument-equipped aircraft measures numerous species simultaneously, An atmospheric reaction is displaced from equilibrium by solar radiation and relocation of species by atmospheric motions. One purpose of this study is to seek additional stratospheric or tropospheric gas-phase chemical reactions that might undergo heterogeneous catalysis. Hypothetical cases can be rapidly screened in terms of their thermodynamic potential to react under measured or modeled atmospheric conditions of temperature and local species concentrations. If a reaction is interesting, is slow in the gas phase, and has a high thermodynamic tendency to react, it is a good candidate for a laboratory study to seek a heterogeneous catalyst, if the reaction is thermodynamically unfavorable, there is no catalyst that can cause the reaction to occur. If a reaction is thermodynamically favored to occur but also endothermic, it will tend to be slow at stratospheric temperatures. We find, as expected, that four heterogeneous reactions important in causing the Antarctic ''ozone hole'' have high thermodynamic tendencies to occur under atmospheric conditions, but one of these is only weakly thermodynamically allowed in some regions of the atmosphere. The reaction of SO2 and HNO3 to form HONO has a high thermodynamic potential to occur, is a well-known laboratory reaction at ice temperature, and may occur in nitric acid-rich sulfate aerosols. Throughout the troposphere and stratosphere, we find that formaldehyde has an extremely high thermodynamic potential to reduce nitric acid. Formaldehyde is known to stick to and remain in sulfuric acid solution, where it adds water to form H2C(OH)(2). Near room-temperature H2C(OH)(2) reacts with nitric acid in a two-step mechanism to form two molecules of HONO, but the rate of this process under conditions of stratospheric sulfuric acid aerosols is unknown.

Fairbrother, D.H.; Sullivan, D.S.D.; Johnston, H.S.

1997-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

413

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 358 (1995) 147-150 INSTRUMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTRUMENTS 8 METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH Sectlon A Green function analysis of a Raman FEL G. Shvets *, J, MA 02139, USA Abstract This paper derives, in closed form, the Green function of an FEL operating in the strongly Raman regime. This Green function allows for the calculation of the temporal and spatial evolution

Wurtele, Jonathan

414

1) Start the Instrument and Software 2 1.1 Start the Instrument 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adhesive film. ColorofLeftLED ColorofRightLED StatusofInstrument Orange *flashing* Orange *flashing on the computer workstation (if it is not already on). 2. Login to Windows. a. User name: operator b. Password: LC Window will appear. Click on New Ex- periment. 2. The software will open the New Experiment Window

Gruner, Daniel S.

415

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data 6. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Georgia W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Illinois - - - - - W W W W - W Colorado Alabama - W W W W W W W W - W Colorado Arizona W W W W W W W W W W W Colorado Arkansas - - - - W W W W - - -

416

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 5. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $4.31 $4.36 $5.01 7.9 15.0 Alabama Ohio W - - - - Colorado Alabama W - - - - Colorado Florida $11.08 $12.65 $13.27 9.4 4.9 Colorado Indiana $6.29 W - - - Colorado Iowa W - - - - Colorado Kentucky W - - - - Colorado Mississippi - - W - - Colorado Ohio - W - - - Colorado Tennessee W - - - - Illinois Alabama W $13.15 $14.28 W 8.6

417

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 8. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama W W W W W Alabama Georgia - - W - - Alabama Indiana W W - - - Colorado Colorado W W W W W Colorado Michigan - - W - - Illinois Florida W - - - - Illinois Illinois $7.51 $4.74 $3.37 -33.0 -28.8 Illinois Indiana W W - - - Illinois Minnesota W W - - - Illinois Missouri $21.73 $20.23 $13.30 -21.8 -34.3 Indiana Alabama - W - - -

418

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data 5. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Georgia W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Illinois - - - - - W W W W - W Colorado Alabama - W W W W W W W W - W Colorado Arizona W W W W W W W W W W W Colorado Arkansas - - - - W W W W - - -

419

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data 4. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Georgia W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Illinois - - - - - W W W W - W Colorado Alabama - W W W W W W W W - W Colorado Arizona W W W W W W W W W W W Colorado Arkansas - - - - W W W W - - -

420

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 6. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $3.97 $3.97 $4.52 6.7 13.7 Alabama Ohio W - - - - Colorado Alabama W - - - - Colorado Florida $10.21 $11.53 $11.95 8.2 3.7 Colorado Indiana $5.79 W - - - Colorado Iowa W - - - - Colorado Kentucky W - - - - Colorado Mississippi - - W - - Colorado Ohio - W - - - Colorado Tennessee W - - - - Illinois Alabama W $11.99 $12.87 W 7.3

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 7. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama W W W W W Alabama Georgia - - W - - Alabama Indiana W W - - - Colorado Colorado W W W W W Colorado Michigan - - W - - Illinois Florida W - - - - Illinois Illinois $8.16 $5.20 $3.75 -32.2 -27.9 Illinois Indiana W W - - - Illinois Minnesota W W - - - Illinois Missouri $23.60 $22.20 $14.77 -20.9 -33.5 Indiana Alabama - W - - -

422

Land and Atmospheric Science GRAD STUDENT HANDBOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Land and Atmospheric Science GRAD STUDENT HANDBOOK 2011-2012 WELCOME Welcome to the Graduate on the fundamentals of Earth system processes related to land and atmosphere and their coupled interactions. Students

Minnesota, University of

423

Land and Atmospheric Science GRAD STUDENT HANDBOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Land and Atmospheric Science GRAD STUDENT HANDBOOK 2012-2013 WELCOME Welcome to the Graduate on the fundamentals of Earth system processes related to land and atmosphere and their coupled interactions. Students

Minnesota, University of

424

Sulfuryl fluoride in the global atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first calibrated high-frequency, high-precision, in situ atmospheric and archived air measurements of the fumigant sulfuryl fluoride (SO[subscript 2]F[subscript 2]) have been made as part of the Advanced Global Atmospheric ...

Muhle, J.

425

Lifetimes and time scales in atmospheric chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...such as for years with extensive forest fires. Moving beyond atmospheric chemistry, extension of this approach to Earth system models could yield surprises. The coupling across different components of the chemistry-climate system, such as atmospheric...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Colorado's AMAZING Climate Nolan Doesken, State Climatologist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colorado's AMAZING Climate Nolan Doesken, State Climatologist Colorado Climate Center Atmospheric Science Department Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO Graphics assistance provided by Wendy Ryan Colorado without · Later that same year, Colorado re-established the State Climate program with support

427

NEW YORK STATE WATER RESOURCES INSTITUTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEW YORK STATE WATER RESOURCES INSTITUTE Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences 1123 Gas Well Drilling and Your Private Water Supply (2010). Penn State University Cooperative Extension for CSI Documenting Contamination of Private Water Supplies by Gas Well Drilling in New York State (2009

Wang, Z. Jane

428

Surface Modification by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Improved Bonding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

composites using atmospheric plasma treatment. J. Appl.of polymer surfaces: atmospheric plasma versus vacuum plasmaA. Morgan, The effect of atmospheric plasma treatment on the

Williams, Thomas Scott

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

1997 Atmospheric Chemistry Colloquium for Emerging Senior Scientists  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE's Atmospheric Chemistry Program is providing partial funding for the Atmospheric Chemistry Colloquium for Emerging Senior Scientists (ACCESS) and FY 1997 Gordon Research Conference in Atmospheric Chemistry

Paul H. Wine

1998-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

430

Model Atmospheres for Low Field Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute model atmospheres and emergent spectra for low field (Bsolar abundance and iron atmospheres. We compare our results to high field magnetic atmospheres, available only for hydrogen. An application to apparently thermal flux from the low field millisecond pulsar PSR J0437--4715 shows that H atmospheres fit substantially better than Fe models. We comment on extension to high fields and the implication of these results for neutron star luminosities and radii.

Mohan Rajagopal; Roger Romani

1995-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

431

On the energy content of the atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vertical profiles of the content of sensible heat, potential energy, and latent heat in the atmosphere between...

Stefan L. Hastenrath

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Radar range measurements in the atmosphere.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The earth's atmosphere affects the velocity of propagation of microwave signals. This imparts a range error to radar range measurements that assume the typical simplistic model for propagation velocity. This range error is a function of atmospheric constituents, such as water vapor, as well as the geometry of the radar data collection, notably altitude and range. Models are presented for calculating atmospheric effects on radar range measurements, and compared against more elaborate atmospheric models.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Quantitative determination of atmospheric hydroperoxyl radical  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for the quantitative determination of atmospheric hydroperoxyl radical comprising: (a) contacting a liquid phase atmospheric sample with a chemiluminescent compound which luminesces on contact with hydroperoxyl radical; (b) determining luminescence intensity from the liquid phase atmospheric sample; and (c) comparing said luminescence intensity from the liquid phase atmospheric sample to a standard luminescence intensity for hydroperoxyl radical. An apparatus for automating the method is also included.

Springston, Stephen R. (Upton, NY); Lloyd, Judith (Westbury, NY); Zheng, Jun (Stony Brook, NY)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

434

An implantable instrument for studying the long-term flight biology of migratory birds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of an instrument deployed in a project studying the high altitude Himalayan migrations of bar-headed geese (Anser indicus) is described. The electronics of this archival datalogger measured 22 14 6.5 mm, weighed 3 g, was powered by a AA-sized battery weighing 10 g and housed in a transparent biocompatible tube sealed with titanium electrodes for electrocardiography (ECG). The combined weight of 32 g represented less than 2% of the typical bodyweight of the geese. The primary tasks of the instrument were to continuously record a digitised ECG signal for heart-rate determination and store 12-bit triaxial accelerations sampled at 100 Hz with 15% coverage over each 2 min period. Measurement of atmospheric pressure provided an indication of altitude and rate of ascent or descent during flight. Geomagnetic field readings allowed for latitude estimation. These parameters were logged twice per minute along with body temperature. Data were stored to a memory card of 8 GB capacity. Instruments were implanted in geese captured on Mongolian lakes during the breeding season when the birds are temporarily flightless due to moulting. The goal was to collect data over a ten month period, covering both southward and northward migrations. This imposed extreme constraints on the design's power consumption. Raw ECG can be post-processed to obtain heart-rate, allowing improved rejection of signal interference due to strenuous activity of locomotory muscles during flight. Accelerometry can be used to monitor wing-beat frequency and body kinematics, and since the geese continued to flap their wings continuously even during rather steep descents, act as a proxy for biomechanical power. The instrument enables detailed investigation of the challenges faced by the geese during these arduous migrations which typically involve flying at extreme altitudes through cold, low density air where oxygen availability is significantly reduced compared to sea level.

Spivey, Robin J., E-mail: r.spivey@bangor.ac.uk, E-mail: c.bishop@bangor.ac.uk; Bishop, Charles M., E-mail: r.spivey@bangor.ac.uk, E-mail: c.bishop@bangor.ac.uk [Department of Biological Sciences, Bangor University, Gwynedd LL57 2UW (United Kingdom)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Radar Measurement of the Upper Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of the Upper Atmosphere James C. G...two decades large radars have...of the upper atmosphere. These radars...ionospheric plasma, all as functions...ionospheric plasma by detection...is wasted. Atmospheric radar scientists...305 m and an area of 73,000...frequency of 430 MHz. The radar...

James C. G. Walker

1979-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

436

Climate Impact of Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...RADIATIVE-TRANSFER DUE TO ATMOSPHERIC WATER-VAPOR - GLOBAL...giving rise to atmospheric mo-tions that...heat release by condensation as moist air...and because the atmospheric motions that...to thE1tfrof water in a leaky bucket...

J. Hansen; D. Johnson; A. Lacis; S. Lebedeff; P. Lee; D. Rind; G. Russell

1981-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

437

Space plasma influences on the Earth's atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Lond. A (2003) Space plasma and the Earth's atmosphere 129 0.2 0.6 1.0...Lond. A (2003) Space plasma and the Earth's atmosphere 131 the size and the...satellites probing the space-plasma and atmospheric environments, they provide...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Predicting Future Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Predicting future atmospheric carbon dioxide levels...1978012175 air atmosphere biosphere carbon...Predicting future atmospheric carbon dioxide levels...re-quired 5-Mhz bandwidth, which...synchronization rate of 16 khz and the picture...the interstellar plasma. For UHF frequencies...

U. Siegenthaler; H. Oeschger

1978-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

439

Impacts of Atmospheric Anthropogenic Nitrogen on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

anthropogenic carbon dioxide may result from this atmospheric nitrogen fertilization, leading to a decreaseImpacts of Atmospheric Anthropogenic Nitrogen on the Open Ocean R. A. Duce,1 * J. LaRoche,2 K quantities of atmospheric anthropogenic fixed nitrogen entering the open ocean could account for up to about

Ward, Bess

440

Ch4. Atmosphere and Surface Energy Balances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than red light. #12;The Electromagnetic Spectrum 8% 47% 45% 100% solar radiation #12;Blue Sky, Red;Energy Pathways #12;Solar radiation transfer in the atmosphere Solar radiation Reflection Atmosphere or performing any work. #12;Solar radiation transfer in the atmosphere Solar radiation Reflection Transmission

Pan, Feifei

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Proof of the Atmospheric Greenhouse Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recently advanced argument against the atmospheric greenhouse effect is refuted. A planet without an infrared absorbing atmosphere is mathematically constrained to have an average temperature less than or equal to the effective radiating temperature. Observed parameters for Earth prove that without infrared absorption by the atmosphere, the average temperature of Earth's surface would be at least 33 K lower than what is observed.

Smith, Arthur P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

ATS621, Fall 2013 Atmospheric Chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATS621, Fall 2013 Atmospheric Chemistry Tuesdays and Thursdays, 10 ­ 10:50, 212B ACRC) 491-8587 Teaching Assistant: Lauren Potter Atmospheric Chemistry Bldg., Room 11 Lepotter, transport, chemistry and deposition impact atmospheric chemical composition; 2) Explain the chemical

443

ATS621, Fall 2014 Atmospheric Chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATS621, Fall 2014 Atmospheric Chemistry Monday and Wednesday, 9 ­ 9:50, 212B ACRC Instructor: Prof) Understand quantitatively how emissions, transport, chemistry and deposition impact atmospheric chemical to Atmospheric Chemistry, D.J. Jacob Princeton University Press, 1999 PDF versions of the chapters can

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

444

Evaluation of Health Risks of Atmospheric Pollutants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 5- (DRAFT) Evaluation of Health Risks of Atmospheric Pollutants Guy Landrieu INERIS Institut, Stuttgart : Germany (1995)" #12;INERIS: Evaluation of health risks of atmospheric pollutants (DRAFT may 1995) Evaluation of health risks of atmospheric pollutants Summary 1 Introduction 2 Background 3 Harmfulness

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

445

Instrumentation and Control Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NOT MEASUREMENT NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1162-2013 June 2013 DOE STANDARD INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1162-2013 This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program website at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/ns/techstds/ ii DOE-STD-1162-2013 APPROVAL The Federal Technical Capability Panel consists of senior U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) managers responsible for overseeing the Federal Technical Capability Program. This Panel is responsible for reviewing and approving the qualification standard for Department-wide

446

Instrumentation and controls of an ignited tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The instrumentation and controls (I and C) of an ignited plasma magnetically confined in a tokamak configuration needs increased emphasis in the following areas: (1) physics implications for control; (2) plasma shaping/position control; and (3) control to prevent disruptive instabilities. This document reports on the FY 1979 efforts in these and other areas. Also presented are discusssions in the areas of: (1) diagnostics suitable for the Engineering Test Facility (ETF); and (2) future research and development (R and D) needs. The appendices focus attention on some preliminary ideas about the measurement of the deuteron-triton (D-T) ratio in the plasma, synchrotron radiation, and divertor control. Finally, an appendix documenting the thermal consequences to the first wall of a MPD is presented.

Becraft, W.R.; Golzy, J.; Houlberg, W.A.; Kukielka, C.A.; Onega R.J.; Raju, G.V.S.; Stone, R.S.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Microfabricated instrument for tissue biopsy and analysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microfabricated biopsy/histology instrument which has several advantages over the conventional procedures, including minimal specimen handling, smooth cutting edges with atomic sharpness capable of slicing very thin specimens (approximately 2 .mu.m or greater), micro-liter volumes of chemicals for treating the specimens, low cost, disposable, fabrication process which renders sterile parts, and ease of use. The cutter is a "cheese-grater" style design comprising a block or substrate of silicon and which uses anisotropic etching of the silicon to form extremely sharp and precise cutting edges. As a specimen is cut, it passes through the silicon cutter and lies flat on a piece of glass which is bonded to the cutter. Microchannels are etched into the glass or silicon substrates for delivering small volumes of chemicals for treating the specimen. After treatment, the specimens can be examined through the glass substrate.

Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Northrup, M. Allen (Berkeley, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Neutron scattering instrumentation at reactor based installations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the past decade neutron scattering techniques have been applied to an increasingly wide range of scientific problems. Concurrently a number of substantial improvements of neutron scattering instrumentation have occurred to stimulate this trend. In this article several such developments which have occurred at reactor?based installations are described. Individual spectrometer components which are discussed in some detail include: neutron?optical devices such as guide tubes supermirrors and multilayer systems; neutronmonochromators with optimum reflectivity mosaic and focusing characteristics; position?sensitive detectors of several types; and equipment required for neutronpolarizationanalysis. Several novel spectrometers which have enhanced the role of neutron scattering during the past ten years are also described. These include spectrometers for small?angle scattering backscattering and neutron spin echo. An extensive bibliography is included which covers both early and more recent developments.

Roger Pynn

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Light extinction in the atmosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric aerosol particles originating from natural sources, such as volcanos and sulfur-bearing gas emissions from the oceans, and from human sources, such as sulfur emissions from fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, strongly affect visual air quality and are suspected to significantly affect radiative climate forcing of the planet. During the daytime, aerosols obscure scenic vistas, while at night they diminish our ability to observe stellar objects. Scattering of light is the main means by which aerosols attenuate and redistribute light in the atmosphere and by which aerosols can alter and reduce visibility and potentially modify the energy balance of the planet. Trends and seasonal variability of atmospheric aerosol loading, such as column-integrated light extinction or optical depth, and how they may affect potential climate change have been difficult to quantify because there have been few observations made of important aerosol optical parameters, such as optical depth, over the globe and over time and often these are of uneven quality. To address questions related to possible climate change, there is a pressing need to acquire more high-quality aerosol optical depth data. Extensive deployment of improved solar radiometers over the next few years will provide higher-quality extinction data over a wider variety of locations worldwide. An often overlooked source of turbidity data, however, is available from astronomical observations, particularly stellar photoelectric photometry observations. With the exception of the Project ASTRA articles published almost 20 years ago, few of these data ever appear in the published literature. This paper will review the current status of atmospheric extinction observations, as highlighted by the ASTRA work and augmented by more recent solar radiometry measurements.

Laulainen, N.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

A comparison of spent fuel assembly control instruments: The Cadarache PYTHON and the Los Alamos Fork  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Devices to monitor spent fuel assemblies while stored under water with nondestructive assay methods, have been developed in France and in the United States. Both devices are designed to verify operator's declared values of exposures and cooling-time but the applications and thus the designs of the systems differ. A study, whose results are presented in this paper, has been conducted to compare the features and the performances of the two instruments. 4 refs., 9 figs.

Bignan, G.; Capsie, J.; Romeyer-Dherbey, J. (CEA Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Cadarache, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France). Direction des Reacteurs Nucleaires); Rinard, P. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Atmospheric Sciences Program Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences (MEAS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

atmospheric chemistry/air quality, boundary layer and air pollution meteorology, regional/global climatology MODELING OF MULTIPLE AIR POLLUTANTS AT URBAN AND REGIONAL SCALES Our atmosphere is a complex systemAtmospheric Sciences Program Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences (MEAS) (http

Parker, Matthew D. Brown

452

The Influence of Chemi-ionization and Recombination Processes on Spectral Line Shapes in Stellar Atmospheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, the chemi-ionization processes in atom- Rydberg atom collisions, as well as the corresponding chemi-recombination processes are considered as factors of influence on the atom exited-state populations in weakly ionized layers of stellar atmospheres. The presented results are related to the photospheres of the Sun and some M red dwarfs as well as weakly ionized layers of DB white dwarfs atmospheres. It has been found that the mentioned chemi ionization/recombination processes dominate over the relevant concurrent electron-atom and electron-ion ionization and recombination process in all parts of considered stellar atmospheres. The obtained results demonstrate the fact that the considered chemi ionization/recombination processes must have a very significant influence on the optical properties of the stellar atmospheres. Thus, it is shown that these processes and their importance for non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) modeling of the solar atmospheres should be investigated further.

Mihajlov, Anatolij A; Sreckovic, Vladimir A; Dimitrijevic, Milan S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

A method of estimating time scales of atmospheric piston and its application at DomeC (Antarctica)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal fluctuations of the atmospheric piston are critical for interferometers as they determine their sensitivity. We characterize an instrumental set-up, termed the piston scope, that aims at measuring the atmospheric time constant, tau0, through the image motion in the focal plane of a Fizeau interferometer. High-resolution piston scope measurements have been obtained at the observatory of Paranal, Chile, in April 2006. The derived atmospheric parameters are shown to be consistent with data from the astronomical site monitor, provided that the atmospheric turbulence is displaced along a single direction. Piston scope measurements, of lower temporal and spatial resolution, were for the first time recorded in February 2005 at the Antarctic site of DomeC. Their re-analysis in terms of the new data calibration sharpens the conclusions of a first qualitative examination.

A. Kellerer; M. Sarazin; T. Butterley; R. Wilson

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

454

P8.13 CONTRAIL STUDIES AND FORECASTS IN THE SUBARCTIC ATMOSPHERE ABOVE FAIRBANKS, Martin Stuefer* and Gerd Wendler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the radiative characteristics of contrails are similar to those of thin layers of naturally occurring cirrus are of interest for scientists investigating atmospheric radiation transfer processes, the chemical state of temperatures in the lower atmosphere by reducing the net radiation to the surface during the day and reducing

Stuefer, Martin

455

Global impact of fossil fuel combustion on atmospheric NOx Larry W. Horowitz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

potential than emissions in the United States to perturb the global oxidizing power of the atmosphere. #12% of NOx concentrations in the lower and middle troposphere throughout the extratropical northern of the ocean. Sources in the United States are found to contribute about half of the fossil fuel NOx over

Jacob, Daniel J.

456

Capabilities of the WAND Instrument | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the WAND Instrument Capabilities of the WAND Instrument The HFIR HB-2C Wide Angle Neutron Diffractometer (WAND) is a dual purpose instrument that can be used as a fast coarse-resolution powder diffractometer or as a single crystal diffractometer to explore broad regions of reciprocal space. This instrument is most beneficial to the condensed matter, materials science, as well as the planetary sciences communities. Due to its versatility and easy access this instrument can be used for parametric studies using a variety of ancillary sample environments to provide a complete control of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, magnetic field, and pressure. Most of the recent demand for this instrument has been focused in studies of unconventional superconductors, low-dimensional magnets, multiferroics and geophysics.

457

Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Composition and Reactions of Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Print Wednesday, 29 June 2005 00:00 Microscopic aerosol particles in the atmosphere contain carbonaceous components from mineral dust and combustion emissions released from around the world. How long these tiny particles remain in the atmosphere can have a huge impact on the global climate. Measurements based on high-resolution scanning transmission x-ray images obtained at the ALS have revealed chemical reactions on and in atmospheric aerosol particles that caused particle growth while changing organic composition by 13 to 24% per day, an oxidation rate significantly slower than is currently used in atmospheric models. Since oxidation has a strong effect on particle lifetime in the atmosphere, these results will help climate scientists refine the computer models used to predict climate change.

458

Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Print Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Print Microscopic aerosol particles in the atmosphere contain carbonaceous components from mineral dust and combustion emissions released from around the world. How long these tiny particles remain in the atmosphere can have a huge impact on the global climate. Measurements based on high-resolution scanning transmission x-ray images obtained at the ALS have revealed chemical reactions on and in atmospheric aerosol particles that caused particle growth while changing organic composition by 13 to 24% per day, an oxidation rate significantly slower than is currently used in atmospheric models. Since oxidation has a strong effect on particle lifetime in the atmosphere, these results will help climate scientists refine the computer models used to predict climate change.

459

Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Print Composition and Reactions of Atmospheric Aerosol Particles Print Microscopic aerosol particles in the atmosphere contain carbonaceous components from mineral dust and combustion emissions released from around the world. How long these tiny particles remain in the atmosphere can have a huge impact on the global climate. Measurements based on high-resolution scanning transmission x-ray images obtained at the ALS have revealed chemical reactions on and in atmospheric aerosol particles that caused particle growth while changing organic composition by 13 to 24% per day, an oxidation rate significantly slower than is currently used in atmospheric models. Since oxidation has a strong effect on particle lifetime in the atmosphere, these results will help climate scientists refine the computer models used to predict climate change.

460

ATMOSPHERIC DENSITY ESTIMATION USING SATELLITE PRECISION ORBIT EPHEMERIDES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current atmospheric density models are not capable enough to accurately model the atmospheric density, which varies continuously in the upper atmosphere mainly due to the changes in solar and geomagnetic activity. Inaccurate atmospheric modeling...

Arudra, Anoop Kumar

2011-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Niamey, Niger for the Radiative Atmospheric Divergence using AMF, GERB and AMMA Stations (RADAGAST)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is the largest global change research program supported by the U.S. Department of Energy. The primary goal of the ARM Program is to improve the treatment of cloud and radiation physics in global climate models in order to improve the climate simulation capabilities of these models. To achieve this goal, ARM scientists and researchers around the world use continuous data obtained through the ARM Climate Research Facility. The ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) operates at non-permanent sites selected by the ARM Program. Sometimes these sites can become permanent ARM sites, as was the case with Graciosa Island in the Azores. It is now known as the Eastern North Atlantic permanent site. In January 2006 the AMF deployed to Niamey, Niger, West Africa, at the Niger Meteorological Office at Niamey International Airport. This deployment was timed to coincide with the field phases and Special Observing Periods of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA). The ARM Program participated in this international effort as a field campaign called "Radiative Divergence using AMF, GERB and AMMA Stations (RADAGAST).The primary purpose of the Niger deployment was to combine an extended series of measurements from the AMF with those from the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) Instrument on the Meteosat operational geostationary satellite in order to provide the first well-sampled, direct estimates of the divergence of solar and thermal radiation across the atmosphere. A large collection of data plots based on data streams from specific instruments used at Niamey are available via a link from ARM's Niamey, Niger site information page. Other data can be found at the related websites mentioned above and in the ARM Archive. Users will be requested to create a password, but the plots and data files are free for viewing and downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

462

Instrumentation2: Other instruments, ghost/satellite bunch monitoring, halo, emittance, new developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to estimate in absolute terms the luminosity of LHC certain beam parameters have to be measured very accurately. In particular the total beam current and the relative distribution of the charges around the ring, the transverse size of the beams at the interaction points and the relative position of the beams at the interaction point. The experiments can themselves measure several of these parameters very accurately thanks to the versatility of their detectors, other parameters need however to be measured using the monitors installed on the machine. The beam instrumentation is usually built for the purpose of aiding the operation team in setting up and optimizing the beams, often this only requires precise relative measurements and therefore the absolute scale is usually not very precisely calibrated. The luminosity calibration requires several machine-side instruments to be pushed beyond their initial scope.

Enrico Bravin; for the CERN BE/BI Collaboration

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

463

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Annual Report 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annual report describes the purpose and structure of the program, and presents key accomplishments in 2007. Notable achievements include: Successful review of the ACRF as a user facility by the DOE Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee. The subcommittee reinforced the importance of the scientific impacts of this facility, and its value for the international research community. Leadership of the Cloud Land Surface Interaction Campaign. This multi-agency, interdisciplinary field campaign involved enhanced surface instrumentation at the ACRF Southern Great Plains site and, in concert with the Cumulus Humilis Aerosol Processing Study sponsored by the DOE Atmospheric Science Program, coordination of nine aircraft through the ARM Aerial Vehicles Program. Successful deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility in Germany, including hosting nearly a dozen guest instruments and drawing almost 5000 visitors to the site. Key advancements in the representation of radiative transfer in weather forecast models from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. Development of several new enhanced data sets, ranging from best estimate surface radiation measurements from multiple sensors at all ACRF sites to the extension of time-height cloud occurrence profiles to Niamey, Niger, Africa. Publication of three research papers in a single issue (February 2007) of the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

LR Roeder

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

E-Print Network 3.0 - apparatus present state Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering 7 Quantum Calibration of Measurement Instrumentation Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano,* Lorenzo Maccone, Summary: the density matrix n of the state impinging in...

465

Description of Atmospheric Conditions at the Pierre Auger Observatory using the Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric conditions at the site of a cosmic ray observatory must be known for reconstructing observed extensive air showers. The Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS) is a global atmospheric model predicated on meteorological measurements and numerical weather predictions. GDAS provides altitude-dependent profiles of the main state variables of the atmosphere like temperature, pressure, and humidity. The original data and their application to the air shower reconstruction of the Pierre Auger Observatory are described. By comparisons with radiosonde and weather station measurements obtained on-site in Malargue and averaged monthly models, the utility of the GDAS data is shown.

Abreu, P.; /Lisbon, IST; Aglietta, M.; /Turin U. /INFN, Turin; Ahlers, M.; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Ahn, E.J.; /Fermilab; Albuquerque, I.F.M.; /Sao Paulo U.; Allard, D.; /APC, Paris; Allekotte, I.; /Buenos Aires, CONICET; Allen, J.; /New York U.; Allison, P.; /Ohio State U.; Almela, A.; /Natl. Tech. U., San Nicolas /Buenos Aires, CONICET; Alvarez Castillo, J.; /Mexico U., ICN /Santiago de Compostela U.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

1st Advanced Marine Renewable Energy Instrumentation Experts Workshop: April 5-7, 2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PROGRAM PROGRAM 1st Advanced Marine Renewable Energy Instrumentation Experts Workshop April 5-7, 2011 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation,

467

QAS 2.4 Instrument Calibration 5/26/95  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The objective of this surveillance is to evaluate the implementation of the contractor's program to routinely calibrate instruments, alarms, and sensors. The Facility Representative observes...

468

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: ARM-UAV Instrument...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARM-UAV Instrumentation Used On The Proteus Aircraft During The M-PACE Experiment McCoy, Robert Sandia National Laboratories Tooman, Tim Sandia National Laboratories The...

469

ARM-UAV TWP-ICE Payload Instrumentation Details  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Payload Instrumentation Details McCoy, Robert Sandia National Laboratories Tooman, Tim Sandia National Laboratories McFarquhar, Greg University of Illinois Category: Field...

470

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 8. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $13.29 $12.39 $13.93 2.4 12.5 Alabama Georgia $17.62 $17.84 $20.09 6.8 12.6 Alabama Kentucky - W - - - Alabama New Jersey W - - - - Alabama Pennsylvania - W - - - Arizona Arizona W W W W W Colorado Alabama $31.79 $27.66 $24.93 -11.5 -9.9 Colorado Arizona $25.97 W - - - Colorado Arkansas W - - - - Colorado California - $34.20 $46.22 - 35.1 Colorado Colorado $13.04 $7.72 $8.13 -21.1 5.3

471

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $14.43 $13.59 $15.46 3.5 13.8 Alabama Georgia $19.13 $19.58 $22.30 8.0 13.9 Alabama Kentucky - W - - - Alabama New Jersey W - - - - Alabama Pennsylvania - W - - - Arizona Arizona W W W W W Colorado Alabama $34.52 $30.35 $27.67 -10.5 -8.8 Colorado Arizona $28.20 W - - - Colorado Arkansas W - - - - Colorado California - $37.53 $51.30 - 36.7 Colorado Colorado $14.16 $8.47 $9.02 -20.2 6.6

472

Small-scale instrumentation for nuclear magnetic resonance of porous media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The investigation of fluids confined to porous media is the oldest topic of investigation with small-scale nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) instruments, as such instruments are mobile and can be moved to the site of the object, such as the borehole of an oil well. While the analysis was originally restricted by the inferior homogeneity of the employed magnets to relaxation measurements, today, portable magnets are available for all types of NMR measurements concerning relaxometry, imaging and spectroscopy in two types of geometries. These geometries refer to closed magnets that surround the sample and open magnets, which are brought close to the object for measurement. The current state of the art of portable, small-scale NMR instruments is reviewed and recent applications of such instruments are featured. These include the porosity analysis and description of diesel particulate filters, the determination of the moisture content in walls from gray concrete, new approaches to analyze the pore space and moisture migration in soil, and the constitutional analysis of the mortar base of ancient wall paintings.

Bernhard Blmich; Federico Casanova; Martin Dabrowski; Ernesto Danieli; Loribeth Evertz; Agnes Haber; Maxime Van Landeghem; Sabina Haber-Pohlmeier; Alexandra Olaru; Juan Perlo; Oscar Sucre

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Calibration facility for environment dosimetry instruments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the last ten years, the nuclear activities, as well as the major nuclear events (see Fukushima accident) had an increasing impact on the environment, merely by contamination with radioactive materials. The most conferment way to quickly identify the presence of some radioactive elements in the environment, is to measure the dose-equivalent rate H. In this situation, information concerning the values of H due only to the natural radiation background must exist. Usually, the values of H due to the natural radiation background, are very low (?10{sup ?9} - 10{sup ?8} Sv/h). A correct measurement of H in this range involve a performing calibration of the measuring instruments in the measuring range corresponding to the natural radiation background lead to important problems due to the presence of the natural background itself the best way to overlap this difficulty is to set up the calibration stand in an area with very low natural radiation background. In Romania, we identified an area with such special conditions at 200 m dept, in a salt mine. This paper deals with the necessary requirements for such a calibration facility, as well as with the calibration stand itself. The paper includes also, a description of the calibration stand (and images) as well as the radiological and metrological parameters. This calibration facilities for environment dosimetry is one of the few laboratories in this field in Europe.

Bercea, Sorin; Celarel, Aurelia; Cenusa, Constantin [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 30 Reactorului St, Magurele, Jud Ilfov, P.O.B. MG-6, RO-077125 (Romania)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

474

Instrument Development H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, R. A. Herbsleb, R. O. Knuteson, J. F. Short, and W. L. Smith University of Wisconsin -Madison Space Science and Engineering Center Madison, WI 53706 Ground-based Folurier Transform infrared (FTIR) instru- ments are being produced at the University of Wisconsin (UW) and the Unliversity of Denver (UD) for the Atmo- spheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Cloud and Radiation Te:stbed (CART) sites as part of a joint Instrument Development Program (lOP). The three instru- ment types under development are summarized in Table 1 . For each ARM site, the 1 cm-1 resolution Atmospheric Emitted Radiance ilnterferometer (AERI) is expected to be operated both at the central site and at four extended boundary location~; to allow its use for radiometric studies

475

Two Long-Term Instrumental Climatic Data Bases of the People's Republic of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp039 Two Long-Term Instrumental Climatic Data Bases of the People's Republic of China (1997) Download the Data and ASCII Documentation files of NDP-039 Download View, download, or print PDF documentation of NDP-039 Contributed by Tao Shiyan, Fu Congbin, Zeng Zhaomei, Zhang Qingyun Institute of Atmospheric Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing, China Prepared by D. P. Kaiser (d9k@ornl.gov) Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee Environmental Sciences Division Publication No. 4699 Date Published: September 1997 Prepared for the Environmental Sciences Division Office of Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy Budget Activity Number KP 12 04 01 0 Prepared by the

476

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 542 (2005) 134141 Study of water distribution and transport in a polymer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 542 (2005) 134­141 Study of water has been developed at the Penn State Breazeale Nuclear Reactor. Neutron images allow us to visualize blockage was observed to occur at low power, while higher power conditions resulted in more dispersed

Mench, Matthew M.

477

Six-degree-of-freedom Sensor Fish design and instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fish passing through dams may be injured or killed despite advances in turbine design, project operations and other fish bypass systems. The Six-degree-of-freedom (6DOF) Sensor Fish device is an autonomous sensor package designed to characterize the physical conditions and physical stresses fish are exposed to when they pass through complex hydraulic environments. It has been used to identify the locations and operations where conditions are severe enough to injure or kill fish. During the design process, a set of governing equations of motion for the device was derived and simulated in order to understand the design implications of instrument selection and placement within the body of the device. The sensor package includes three rotation sensors, three acceleration sensors, a pressure sensor, and a temperature sensor with a sampling frequency of 2,000 Hz. Its housing is constructed of clear polycarbonate plastic. It is 24.5 mm in diameter and 90 mm in length, weighs about 43 grams, similar to the size and density of a yearling salmon smolt. The relative errors of both the linear acceleration and angular velocity measurements were determined to be less than 5% from laboratory acceptance tests. Since its development in 2005, the 6DOF Sensor Fish device has been successfully deployed at many major dams in the United States.

Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Duncan, Joanne P.; Richmond, Marshall C.

2007-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

478

What causes the large extensions of red-supergiant atmospheres? Comparisons of interferometric observations with 1-D hydrostatic, 3-D convection, and 1-D pulsating model atmospheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the atmospheric structure and the fundamental parameters of three red supergiants, increasing the sample of RSGs observed by near-infrared spectro-interferometry. Additionally, we test possible mechanisms that may explain the large observed atmospheric extensions of RSGs. We carried out spectro-interferometric observations of 3 RSGs in the near-infrared K-band with the VLTI/AMBER instrument at medium spectral resolution. To comprehend the extended atmospheres, we compared our observational results to predictions by available hydrostatic PHOENIX, available 3-D convection, and new 1-D self-excited pulsation models of RSGs. Our near-infrared flux spectra are well reproduced by the PHOENIX model atmospheres. The continuum visibility values are consistent with a limb-darkened disk as predicted by the PHOENIX models, allowing us to determine the angular diameter and the fundamental parameters of our sources. Nonetheless, in the case of V602 Car and HD 95686, the PHOENIX model visibilities do not predict ...

Arroyo-Torres, B; Chiavassa, A; Scholz, M; Freytag, B; Marcaide, J M; Hauschildt, P H; Wood, P R; Abellan, F J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Instrument response in complex radiation fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......placed in front of an ISO water phantom (30 30 15 cm3...Project study of an advanced facility for exotic beams...PHITS: a particle and heavy ion transport code system...equation of state in heavy ion collisions. Phys...Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors Physics, Design and......

Stefano Agosteo; Marco Silari; Luisa Ulrici

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Atmospheric-pressure plasma jet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A {gamma}-mode, resonant-cavity plasma discharge that can be operated at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature using 13.56 MHz rf power is described. Unlike plasma torches, the discharge produces a gas-phase effluent no hotter than 250 C at an applied power of about 300 W, and shows distinct non-thermal characteristics. In the simplest design, two concentric cylindrical electrodes are employed to generate a plasma in the annular region there between. A jet of long-lived metastable and reactive species that are capable of rapidly cleaning or etching metals and other materials is generated which extends up to 8 in. beyond the open end of the electrodes. Films and coatings may also be removed by these species. Arcing is prevented in the apparatus by using gas mixtures containing He, which limits ionization, by using high flow velocities, and by properly shaping the rf-powered electrode. Because of the atmospheric pressure operation, no ions survive for a sufficiently long distance beyond the active plasma discharge to bombard a workpiece, unlike low-pressure plasma sources and conventional plasma processing methods.

Selwyn, G.S.

1999-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "atmospheric state instruments" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

A New Instrument For Characterizing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Catalysts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS A New Instrument For Characterizing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Catalysts From fuels to renewable energy sources. Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have enormous potential in this area A New Instrument For Characterizing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Catalysts Rob Usiskin In partnership

482

REINFORCEMENT LEARNING APPROACHES TO INSTRUMENTAL CONTINGENCY DEGRADATION IN RATS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REINFORCEMENT LEARNING APPROACHES TO INSTRUMENTAL CONTINGENCY DEGRADATION IN RATS Alain Dutech1 of the consequences of an action. Rats with lesions of the medial prefrontal cortex do not adapt their instrumental response in a Skinner box when food delivery becomes unrelated to lever pressing. This indicates a role

Boyer, Edmond

483

Time dependences of atmospheric Carbon dioxide fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the lifetime of CO2 in the atmosphere is critical for predictions regarding future climate changes. A simple mass conservation analysis presented here generates tight estimations for the atmosphere's retention time constant. The analysis uses a leaky integrator model that combines the observed deficit (only less than 40% of CO2 produced from combustion of fossil fuels is actually retained in the atmosphere, while more than 60% is continuously shed) with the exponential growth of fossil fuel burning. It reveals a maximum characteristic time of less than 23 year for the transfer of atmospheric CO2 to a segregation sink. This time constant is further constrained by the rapid disappearance of 14C after the ban of atmospheric atomic bomb tests, which provides a lower limit of 18 years for this transfer. The study also generates evaluations of other CO2 fluxes, exchange time constants and volumes exchanged. Analysis of large harmonic oscillations of atmospheric CO2 concentration, often neglected in th...

DeSalvo, Riccardo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY INSTRUMENTATION DIVISION, R AND D PROGRAMS, FACILITIES, STAFF.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To develop state-of-the-art instrumentation required for experimental research programs at BNL, and to maintain the expertise and facilities in specialized high technology areas essential for this work. Development of facilities is motivated by present BNL research programs and anticipated future directions of BNL research. The Division's research efforts also have a significant impact on programs throughout the world that rely on state-of-the-art radiation detectors and readout electronics. Our staff scientists are encouraged to: Become involved in challenging problems in collaborations with other scientists; Offer unique expertise in solving problems; and Develop new devices and instruments when not commercially available. Scientists from other BNL Departments are encouraged to bring problems and ideas directly to the Division staff members with the appropriate expertise. Division staff is encouraged to become involved with research problems in other Departments to advance the application of new ideas in instrumentation. The Division Head integrates these efforts when they evolve into larger projects, within available staff and budget resources, and defines the priorities and direction with concurrence of appropriate Laboratory program leaders. The Division Head also ensures that these efforts are accompanied by strict adherence to all ES and H regulatory mandates and policies of the Laboratory. The responsibility for safety and environmental protection is integrated with supervision of particular facilities and conduct of operations.

INSTRUMENTATION DIVISION STAFF

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Simulating Random Natural Variability in Time-Varying Atmospheric  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Simulating Random Natural Variability in Time-Varying Atmospheric Simulating Random Natural Variability in Time-Varying Atmospheric Concentrations of Toxic Gas from Pipeline Ruptures Speaker(s): David J. Wilson Date: February 4, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Jeiwon Deputy Random time series are found everywhere in nature. The Brownian motion of small particles; the price of assets (stocks) in financial markets; the diffusion of individual molecules through a membrane; the ballistic deposition of nano-particles onto a lattice substrate; and the time-varying concentration fluctuations at a point downwind from a pollution source all have a common dynamic description. All are stochastic processes where the local rate of change of the variable has a natural drift back to some equilibrium state, combined with a random fluctuating component. We will

486

Atmospheric Science Program. Summaries of research in FY 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides descriptions for all projects funded by ESD under annual contracts in FY 1994. Each description contains the project`s title; three-year funding history (in thousands of dollars); the contract period over which the funding applies; the name(s) of the principal investigator(s); the institution(s) conducting the projects; and the project`s objectives, products, approach, and results to date (for most projects older than one year). Project descriptions are categorized within the report according to program areas: atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric dynamics, and support operations. Within these categories, the descriptions are ordered alphabetically by principal investigator. Each program area is preceded by a brief text that defines the program area, states it goals and objectives, lists principal research questions, and identifies program managers. Appendixes provide the addresses and telephone numbers of the principal investigators and define the acronyms used.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Absolute calibration of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A calibrated laser pulse propagating through the atmosphere produces a flash of Rayleigh scattered light with an intensity that can be calculated very accurately when atmospheric conditions are good. This is used in a technique developed for the absolute calibration of ultra high energy cosmic ray fluorescence telescopes, and it can also be applied to imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs). In this paper we present the absolute calibration system being constructed and tested for the VERITAS project.

N. Shepherd; J. H. Buckley; O. Celik; J. Holder; S. LeBohec; H. Manseri; F. Pizlo; M. Roberts

2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

488

What we can learn from atmospheric neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics potential of future measurements of atmospheric neutrinos is explored. Observation of $\\Delta m^2_{21}$ driven sub-dominant effects and $\\theta_{13}$ driven large matter effects in atmospheric neutrinos can be used to study the deviation of $\\theta_{23}$ from maximality and its octant. Neutrino mass hierarchy can be determined extremely well due to the large matter effects. New physics can be constrained both in standard atmospheric neutrino experiments as well as in future neutrino telescopes.

Sandhya Choubey

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

489

Capabilities of the CTAX Instrument - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the CTAX Instrument Capabilities of the CTAX Instrument The US-Japan Cold Neutron Triple Axis CTAX ideal for measuring low-lying magnetic and lattice excitations in solids, and in measuring structural and magnetic order parameters in bulk materials. This instrument is most beneficial to the condensed matter and materials science communities. Due to its versatility and easy access this instrument can be used for parametric studies using a variety of ancillary sample environments to provide a complete control of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, magnetic field, and pressure. Most of the recent demand for this instrument has been focused in studies of unconventional superconductors, quantum magnets, thermoelectrics, organometallic magnets and multiferroics. Examples of typical experiments carried out at CTAX since its commissioning

490

Capabilities of the TAX Instrument | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the TAX Instrument Capabilities of the TAX Instrument The HB-3 is a high-intensity triple axis spectrometer that is ideal for measuring magnetic excitations in solids, up to 100 meV and for measuring structural and magnetic order parameters in bulk materials. This instrument is most beneficial to the condensed matter and materials science communities. Due to its versatility and easy access this instrument can be used for parametric studies using a variety of ancillary sample environments to provide a complete control of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, magnetic field, and pressure. During the last few years most of the demand for this instrument has been focused in studies of unconventional superconductors, quantum magnets, thermoelectrics, ferroelectrics and multiferroics.

491

CLEAN-Linking International Instruments to Support Low Emission Planning  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CLEAN-Linking International Instruments to Support Low Emission Planning CLEAN-Linking International Instruments to Support Low Emission Planning Webinar- TNAs, NAMAs, LEDS and Roadmaps Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CLEAN-Linking International Instruments to Support Low Emission Planning Webinar- TNAs, NAMAs, LEDS and Roadmaps Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Presentation, Training materials, Video, Webinar Website: en.openei.org/wiki/CLEAN References: CLEAN-Linking International Instruments to Support Low Emission Planning Webinar- TNAs, NAMAs, LEDS and Roadmaps[1] Logo: CLEAN-Linking International Instruments to Support Low Emission Planning Webinar- TNAs, NAMAs, LEDS and Roadmaps

492

Publicly Backed Guarantees as Policy Instruments to Promote Clean Energy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Publicly Backed Guarantees as Policy Instruments to Promote Clean Energy Publicly Backed Guarantees as Policy Instruments to Promote Clean Energy Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Publicly Backed Guarantees as Policy Instruments to Promote Clean Energy Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefalliance/docs/specialised_research/gu Publicly Backed Guarantees as Policy Instruments to Promote Clean Energy Screenshot References: Publicly Backed Guarantees as Policy Instruments to Promote Clean Energy[1] Summary "This report reviews experiences with the use of Publicly Backed Guarantees

493

Post-2012 Climate Instruments in the transport sector | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Post-2012 Climate Instruments in the transport sector Post-2012 Climate Instruments in the transport sector Jump to: navigation, search Name Post-2012 Climate Instruments in the transport sector Agency/Company /Organization Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Partner Asian Development Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Transportation Topics Finance Resource Type Presentation Website http://www.slocat.net Program Start 2009 Program End 2010 UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Post-2012 Climate Instruments in the transport sector (CITS)[1] The post 2012 Climate Instruments in the transport sector (CITS) project implemented by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), in cooperation with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), is a first step to help ensure that the transport sector can benefit from the revised/new climate change

494

Capabilities of the FIE-TAX Instrument | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the FIE-TAX Instrument Capabilities of the FIE-TAX Instrument The HB-1A triple axis spectrometer is an excellent instrument for measuring low-lying magnetic excitations in solids, and for measuring structural and magnetic order parameters in bulk materials as well as in nanostructured materials such as thin films and nanoparticles. In the case of thin films the use of energy analysis is key capability which enables the desired signal to be separated from the massive background due to the substrate. This instrument is most beneficial to the condensed matter and materials science communities. Due to its versatility and easy access this instrument can be used for parametric studies using a variety of ancillary sample environments to provide a complete control of thermodynamic

495

An Instrument Design Concept for Measuring Solar Diffuse Irradiance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

An Instrument Design Concept for Measuring Solar Diffuse Irradiance An Instrument Design Concept for Measuring Solar Diffuse Irradiance Rutledge, Charles NASA Langley Research Center Schuster, Greg NASA Langley Research Center Category: Instruments Recent effort towards the development of a diffuse horizontal solar irradiance standard group [Michalsky et.al. 2005] using well calibrated pyranometers suggested that inter-instrument differences in cosine response characteristics may be problematic. They showed a calibration method using overcast skies (an approximately uniform radiance distribution) produced superior diffuse radiometer performance when compared to a calibration method using clear skies (which have a radiance distribution systematically varying from horizon to the near vicinity of the sun). The proposed instrument offers a significantly different basic design compared to

496

NREL: Process Development and Integration Laboratory - Atmospheric  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Processing Platform Capabilities Atmospheric Processing Platform Capabilities The Atmospheric Processing platform in the Process Development and Integration Laboratory offers powerful capabilities with integrated tools for depositing, processing, and characterizing photovoltaic materials and devices. In particular, this platform focuses on different methods to deposit ("write") materials onto a variety of substrates and then further process into optoelectronic materials using rapid thermal processing. You can read more on the rationale for developing this platform and its capabilities. Contact Maikel van Hest for more details on these capabilities. The Atmospheric Processing platform will allow deposition in any sequence and is applicable to activities in all Technology Roadmaps, which include

497

Earth and Atmospheric Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nuclear Forensics Climate & Environment Sensors and Measurements Chemical & Engineering Materials Computational Earth Science Systems Modeling Geographic Information Science and Technology Materials Science and Engineering Mathematics Physics More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Earth and Atmospheric Sciences SHARE Earth and Atmospheric Sciences At ORNL, we combine our capabilities in atmospheric science, computational science, and biological and environmental systems science to focus in the cross-disciplinary field of climate change science. We use computer models to improve climate change predications and to measure the impact of global warming on the cycling of chemicals in earth systems. Our Climate Change Science Institute uses models to explore connections among atmosphere,

498

Atmospheric Pressure Discharges: Traveling Wave Plasma Sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microwave sustained, atmospheric pressure plasmas are finding an increasing number of applications ... interest in the developing and investigating of appropriate plasma sources [1, 2].

Z. Zakrzewski; M. Moisan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

12.815 Atmospheric Radiation, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. ...

Prinn, Ronald G.

500

Mesoscale Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heat flux, and wind power input to the ocean. Geophys. Res.Powers and Stoelinga (2000). They developed a comprehensive atmosphere-ocean-

Seo, Hyodae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z