National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for assuming states achieve

  1. ECE 103 Solid State Electronics Master Exam 2012 Assume silicon, room temperature, complete ionization.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    ECE 103 Solid State Electronics Master Exam 2012 Assume silicon, room temperature, complete ionization. (q=1.6×10-19 C, ox=3.9×8.85×10-14 F/cm, si=11.7×8.85×10-14 F/cm, kT/q=0.0259 V, Eg=1.12 e

  2. WHY DO DIFFERENCES BETWEEN STATE-MEASURED ACHIEVEMENT GAPS AND NATIONALLY-MEASURED ACHIEVEMENT GAPS EXIST?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courtney, Christina Leigh

    2014-08-31

    of difference, the differential quotient, is determined. For the purposes of this dissertation, I calculated the reported achievement gaps between white and black fourth graders for the years 2005, 2007, and 2009 on the individual state reading and math...

  3. Colorado State University Center for Advising & Student Achievement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at CASA are first and second year learning communities serving a highly diverse student population Academic Culture, Communication, and Sports is a first-year Learning Community focused on the integration1 Colorado State University Center for Advising & Student Achievement Position Description Key Plus

  4. Largest Producer of Steel Products in the United States Achieves...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    large capital costs and demonstrated the value of similar measures. * By upgrading burners in a kiln serving an important process line, the Minntac plant achieved significant...

  5. Link-State Routing with Hop-by-Hop Forwarding Can Achieve Optimal Traffic Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Mung

    -state routing. Keywords: Interior gateway protocol, traffic engineering, rout- ing, OSPF, optimization, network-to-end tunneling. Such simplicity was thought to come at the expense of optimality. In a procedure known as Traffic

  6. Link-State Routing with Hop-by-Hop Forwarding Can Achieve Optimal Traffic Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rexford, Jennifer

    -state routing. Keywords: Interior gateway protocol, traffic engineering, routing, OSPF, optimization, network in a hop-by-hop fashion without memory or end-to-end tunneling. Such simplicity seems to carry a cost

  7. On the Relationship between Concurrent Separation Logic and AssumeGuarantee Reasoning #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logic (CSL) and the assume­guarantee (A­G) method (a.k.a. rely­guarantee method). We show in three steps of shared­state concurrent programs is the assume­guarantee method (a.k.a. rely­guarantee method) [8

  8. On the Relationship between Concurrent Separation Logic and Assume-Guarantee Reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logic (CSL) and the assume-guarantee (A-G) method (a.k.a. rely-guarantee method). We show in three steps of shared-state concurrent programs is the assume-guarantee method (a.k.a. rely-guarantee method) [8

  9. Linton Brooks Assumes Post as Deputy Administrator for NNSA Defense...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Administrator for NNSA Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Office Press Release Oct 30, 2001 Linton Brooks Assumes Post as Deputy Administrator for NNSA Defense Nuclear...

  10. A class of unambiguous state discrimination problems achievable by separable measurements but impossible by local operations and classical communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott M. Cohen

    2014-12-03

    We consider an infinite class of unambiguous quantum state discrimination problems on multipartite systems, described by Hilbert space $\\cal{H}$, of any number of parties. Restricting consideration to measurements that act only on $\\cal{H}$, we find the optimal global measurement for each element of this class, achieving the maximum possible success probability of $1/2$ in all cases. This measurement turns out to be both separable and unique, and by our recently discovered necessary condition for local quantum operations and classical communication (LOCC), it is easily shown to be impossible by any finite-round LOCC protocol. We also show that, quite generally, if the input state is restricted to lie in $\\cal{H}$, then any LOCC measurement on an enlarged Hilbert space is effectively identical to an LOCC measurement on $\\cal{H}$. Therefore, our necessary condition for LOCC demonstrates directly that a higher success probability is attainable for each of these problems using general separable measurements as compared to that which is possible with any finite-round LOCC protocol.

  11. Aperture Photometry Uncertainties assuming Priors and Correlated Noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    1 Aperture Photometry Uncertainties assuming Priors and Correlated Noise F. Masci, version 2.0, 10 aperture photometry assuming (i) prior pixel-flux uncertainties are available for the image (e.g., computed photometry is being performed. One way to do this is to compare the uncertainties with the local RMS pixel

  12. Harmonic Broadcasting Is Bandwidth-Optimal Assuming Constant Bit Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Harmonic Broadcasting Is Bandwidth-Optimal Assuming Constant Bit Rate Lars Engebretsen1, and Madhu Street Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 USA E-mail: madhu@mit.edu November 2005 Abstract. Harmonic for video-on-demand broadcasting. In this paper, we note that harmonic broadcasting is actually a spe- cial

  13. Methods for passivating silicon devices at low temperature to achieve low interface state density and low recombination velocity while preserving carrier lifetime

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhizhang (Duluth, GA); Rohatgi, Ajeet (Marietta, GA)

    1995-01-01

    A new process has been developed to achieve a very low SiO.sub.x /Si interface state density D.sub.it, low recombination velocity S (<2 cm/s), and high effective carrier lifetime T.sub.eff (>5 ms) for oxides deposited on silicon substrates at low temperature. The technique involves direct plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), with appropriate growth conditions, followed by a photo-assisted rapid thermal annealing (RTA) process. Approximately 500-A-thick SiO.sub.x layers are deposited on Si by PECVD at 250.degree. C. with 0.02 W/cm.sup.-2 rf power, then covered with SiN or an evaporated thin aluminum layer, and subjected to a photo-assisted anneal in forming gas ambient at 350.degree. C., resulting in an interface state density D.sub.it in the range of about 1-4.times.10.sup.10 cm.sup.-2 eV.sup.-1, which sets a record for the lowest interface state density D.sub.it for PECVD oxides fabricated to date. Detailed analysis shows that the PECVD deposition conditions, photo-assisted anneal, forming gas ambient, and the presence of an aluminum layer on top of the oxides during the anneal, all contributed to this low value of interface state density D.sub.it. Detailed metal-oxide semiconductor analysis and model calculations show that such a low recombination velocity S is the result of moderately high positive oxide charge (5.times.10.sup.11 -1.times.10.sup.12 cm.sup.-2) and relatively low midgap interface state density (1.times.10.sup.10 -4.times.10.sup.10 cm.sup.-2 eV.sup.-1). Photo-assisted anneal was found to be superior to furnace annealing, and a forming gas ambient was better than a nitrogen ambient for achieving a very low surface recombination velocity S.

  14. Effects of assumed tow architecture on the predicted moduli and stresses in woven composites 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Clinton Dane

    1993-01-01

    This study deals with the effect of assumed tow architecture on the elastic material properties and stress distributions of plain weave woven composites. Specifically, the examination of how a cross-section is assumed to sweep-out the tows...

  15. Least Squares : MotivationLeast Squares : Motivation SDA/LMS assume a probabilistic model underlying the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santhanam, Balu

    Least Squares : MotivationLeast Squares : Motivation SDA/LMS assume a probabilistic model underlying the optimal filtering problem. SDA/LMS assume access to ensemble statistics and multiple realizations. SDA/LMS assume ergodicity in the absence of multiple realizations. SDA/LMS speed of convergence

  16. Complete Knowledge Assumption Often you want to assume that your knowledge is complete.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valtorta, Marco

    Complete Knowledge Assumption Often you want to assume that your knowledge is complete. Example: assume that a database of what students are enrolled in a course is complete. The definite clause language is monotonic: adding clauses can't invalidate a previous conclusion. Under the complete knowledge

  17. Reanalysis of Radiation Belt Electron Phase Space Density using the UCLA 1-D VERB code and Kalman filtering: Sensitivity to assumed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghil, Michael

    Reanalysis of Radiation Belt Electron Phase Space Density using the UCLA 1-D VERB code and Kalman of improving current radiation belt models and achieving predictive capabilities. In the future data of radiation belt electron phase space density using the VERB code and a Kalman filter to the assumed location

  18. Engineering evaluation of alternatives: Managing the assumed leak from single-shell Tank 241-T-101

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H. [ICF Kaiser Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Jenkins, C. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1996-02-01

    At mid-year 1992, the liquid level gage for Tank 241-T-101 indicated that 6,000 to 9,000 gal had leaked. Because of the liquid level anomaly, Tank 241-T-101 was declared an assumed leaker on October 4, 1992. SSTs liquid level gages have been historically unreliable. False readings can occur because of instrument failures, floating salt cake, and salt encrustation. Gages frequently self-correct and tanks show no indication of leak. Tank levels cannot be visually inspected and verified because of high radiation fields. The gage in Tank 241-T-101 has largely corrected itself since the mid-year 1992 reading. Therefore, doubt exists that a leak has occurred, or that the magnitude of the leak poses any immediate environmental threat. While reluctance exists to use valuable DST space unnecessarily, there is a large safety and economic incentive to prevent or mitigate release of tank liquid waste into the surrounding environment. During the assessment of the significance of the Tank 241-T-101 liquid level gage readings, Washington State Department of Ecology determined that Westinghouse Hanford Company was not in compliance with regulatory requirements, and directed transfer of the Tank 241-T-101 liquid contents into a DST. Meanwhile, DOE directed WHC to examine reasonable alternatives/options for safe interim management of Tank 241-T-101 wastes before taking action. The five alternatives that could be used to manage waste from a leaking SST are: (1) No-Action, (2) In-Tank Stabilization, (3) External Tank Stabilization, (4) Liquid Retrieval, and (5) Total Retrieval. The findings of these examinations are reported in this study.

  19. Abstract --Most logistics network design models assume exogenous customer demand that is independent of the service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Stephen C.

    Abstract -- Most logistics network design models assume exogenous customer demand for the network design decision making process. Index Terms -- Logistics Network Design, Demand Classes, Benefits. In most logistics network design models, the customer demand is exogenous and defined as a uniform

  20. Achieving Sustainability Cindy Carlsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Achieving Sustainability Cindy Carlsson Mn/DOT Office of Policy Analysis, Research and Innovation April 21, 2011 #12;Sustainability Is Not New Mn/DOT has long been a leader in CSS and environmental excellence. . . . . . so we're well along on the path to sustainability! #12;Today Sustainability is More

  1. Achieving Sustainability Cindy Carlsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Achieving Sustainability at MnDOT Cindy Carlsson MnDOT Office of Policy Analysis, Research and Innovation 22nd Annual Transportation Research Conference May 24, 2011 #12;Sustainable practices respect Sustainability #12;Environmental Sustainability Sustainable practices · Are compatible with and may enhance

  2. Key Research Results Achievement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) evaluated several common figures of merit used to compare the electrical and optical performance of TCsKey Research Results Achievement NREL research significantly contributed to inadequate existing not yet at performance levels of TCOs, demonstrate a much better combination of transmission

  3. Configuring Entourage 2008 w/ Exchange Web Services. Note: These instruction assume that the Exchange Web Services (EWS) Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yi

    Configuring Entourage 2008 w/ Exchange Web Services. Note: These instruction assume that the Exchange Web Services (EWS) Update , also known as Entourage 13.0, has already been

  4. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES We assume the readers of this book are familiar with material covered in a typical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filman, Robert E.

    CHAPTER TWO PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES We assume the readers of this book are familiar with material covered in a typical undergraduate course on programming languages. Texts for such classes include Pratt, not all readers have identical backgrounds. This chapter reviews two aspects of programming languages

  5. On the Achievable Bit Rates of DSL Vectoring Techniques in the Presence of Alien Crosstalkers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the Achievable Bit Rates of DSL Vectoring Techniques in the Presence of Alien Crosstalkers Amir simulations, the achievable bit rates are investigated in the presence of alien crosstalkers, assuming a beta that when there are no alien crosstalkers, the low-complexity ZFE allows reaching crosstalk-free rates in US

  6. NERSC Achievement Award Recipient Presentations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesof Energy Moving ForwardAchievement Awards NERSC Achievement

  7. Industrial Scale Demonstration of Smart Manufacturing Achieving...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Smart Manufacturing Achieving Transformational Energy Productivity Gains Industrial Scale Demonstration of Smart Manufacturing Achieving Transformational Energy...

  8. Using Data to Achieve Anticipated Savings

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Capabilities Build 9 Using Data to Achieve Anticipated Savings Way Ahead - Navy "SmartGrid" Enabling Capabilities 10 October 13, 2009 Using Data to Achieve Anticipated Savings...

  9. Cleanup Contractor Achieves 'Elite' Nuclear Material Accountability...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Cleanup Contractor Achieves 'Elite' Nuclear Material Accountability Status Cleanup Contractor Achieves 'Elite' Nuclear Material Accountability Status September 30, 2014 - 12:00pm...

  10. Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact Sheet, April 2015 Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact...

  11. Achieving Novel Magnetic States in Perovskite Oxides through Heteroepitaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Virat

    2012-01-01

    and A. Barthelemy, Oxide spintronics, IEEE Transactions onof current technology. Spintronics [2], one highly toutednew technologies relying on spintronics are already being

  12. Achieving Novel Magnetic States in Perovskite Oxides through Heteroepitaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Virat

    2012-01-01

    1 1.1. Research in multifunctional spintronicin multifunctional spintronic materials 1.2. Development ofin multifunctional spintronic materials In our current

  13. Largest Producer of Steel Products in the United States Achieves...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    opportunities. The assessment confirmed the energy savings from recently installed burners and determined the potential savings from retrofitting the kilns in the plant's other...

  14. Achieving Novel Magnetic States in Perovskite Oxides through Heteroepitaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Virat

    2012-01-01

    and expansion of laser ablation plumes measured by fast intensified charge coupled device photographs, Nuclear

  15. Achieving Novel Magnetic States in Perovskite Oxides through Heteroepitaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Virat

    2012-01-01

    compounds of manganese with perovskite structure, Phys. Rev.transitions in the doped perovskite cobaltite Pr 1?x Sr xtransitions in the doped perovskite cobaltite Pr 1?x Sr x

  16. Achieving Novel Magnetic States in Perovskite Oxides through Heteroepitaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Virat

    2012-01-01

    1 1.1. Research in multifunctional spintronicand A. Barthelemy, Oxide spintronics, IEEE Transactions onin multifunctional spintronic materials 1.2. Development of

  17. Largest Producer of Steel Products in the United States Achieves

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOE Safety StandardsLabor Relations ActAvenue,WorkshopSignificant Energy

  18. Achieving 70% Clean Energy by 2030 in Hawai'i

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In 2008, the state of Hawai’i, in partnership with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), launched the Hawai’i Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) to reduce its dependence on imported fossil fuels, HCEI brings together business leaders, policymakers, and citizens to meet its goal of achieving 70% clean energy by 2030 through renewable energy and energy efficiency.

  19. Industrial Scale Demonstration of Smart Manufacturing Achieving...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    OFFICE Industrial Scale Demonstration of Smart Manufacturing Achieving Transformational Energy Productivity Gains Development of an Open Architecture, Widely Applicable Smart...

  20. The Australian National University Library 2014 Achievements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Australian National University Library 2014 Achievements anulib.anu.edu.au #12;Supporting of CSIRO Publishing, Andrew Stammer. The Australian National University Library -- 2014 Achievements 1 814% increase in e-resource downloads #12;The Australian National University Library -- 2014 Achievements 2

  1. Wireless connection instructions -Mac This document outlines the procedure for setting up Apple OS X to use the College wireless network. It assumes that you

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    X to use the College wireless network. It assumes that you have already connected your computer connection pack from the Computer Office before proceeding. Connect your computer to the wireless network your wireless connection Click on the Apply for access to Murray Edwards College Network link Please

  2. Wireless connection instructions -Windows This document outlines the procedure for setting up Windows7, Vista or XP to use the College wireless network. It assumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    Windows7, Vista or XP to use the College wireless network. It assumes that you have already connected your network Double click the wireless connection icon at the bottom right hand corner of your screen. Click View Wireless Networks. Select Academic MurrayEdwards and click the Connect button. Close the View

  3. Discovery Park's Birck Nanotechnology Center (BNC) has assumed a leadership role in K-12 STEM activities. Faculty, administrators, and graduate students work together to provide K-12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Discovery Park's Birck Nanotechnology Center (BNC) has assumed a leadership role in K-12 STEM that are fun, interactive and educational. Birck Nanotechnology Center led a workshop for K-12 teachers in 2009, the Birck Nanotechnology Center continued to build this relationship by hosting NanoDays, a nationwide

  4. Off-Campus Housing Resource Center DISCLAIMER: Please keep in mind that the University assumes no responsibility for contracts/leases between individuals. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kounaves, Samuel P.

    Off-Campus Housing Resource Center DISCLAIMER: Please keep in mind that the University assumes no responsibility for contracts/leases between individuals. The Off-Campus Housing Resource Center is not responsible or liable for the consequences of any off-campus student housing arrangement. In addition, Tufts

  5. Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity ii Acknowledgements The Energy Sector Control Systems Working Group (ESCSWG) developed this roadmap in support of the Electricity...

  6. Achieving Water-Sustainable Bioenergy Production | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Production Breakout Session 3-A: Growing a Water-Smart Bioeconomy Achieving Water-Sustainable Bioenergy Production May Wu, Principal Environmental System Analyst in the...

  7. NERSC HPC Achievements Award Recipients for 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) announced the winners of their inaugural High Performance Computing (HPC) Achievement Awards on Wednesday at the annual NERSC User Group meeting...

  8. ORISE: Beryllium laboratory achieves accreditation from College...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Beryllium laboratory achieves accreditation from College of American Pathologists ORISE beryllium laboratory in Oak Ridge accredited for the third time since 2009 FOR IMMEDIATE...

  9. On Achieving Optimal Throughput with Network Coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baochun

    to the problem of optimizing end-to- end throughput in undirected data networks. We first illustrate the powerOn Achieving Optimal Throughput with Network Coding Zongpeng Li, Baochun Li, Dan Jiang, Lap Chi Lau Abstract-- With the constraints of network topologies and link capacities, achieving the optimal end

  10. NATIONAL PLAN TO ACHIEVE MARITIME DOMAIN AWARENESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    NATIONAL PLAN TO ACHIEVE MARITIME DOMAIN AWARENESS FOR THE NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR MARITIME SECURITY OCTOBER 2005 #12;National Strategy for Maritime Security: National Plan to Achieve Maritime Domain Awareness i FOREWORD By signing National Security Presidential Directive-41/Homeland Security Presidential

  11. Now, Ze assumes |K|2 for water. But what about when we are looking at ice (Smith, 1984, J. Climate and Applied Met., 23, 1258-1260)?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    for the particle to appear as a large water drop. #12;Rain-Snow lines- with an advertisement for dual-Pol! ZDRZeNow, Ze assumes |K|2 for water. But what about when we are looking at ice (Smith, 1984, J. Climate and Applied Met., 23, 1258-1260)? For water drops in the Rayleigh regime Z = Ze. Ze applies for Mie regime

  12. Achieving Net Zero: Climate Change & Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    Achieving Net Zero: Climate Change & Sustainability University of California, Irvine #12 & Energy Services Coordinator, Facilities Management Tanya Harris - A/P Administrative Specialist in environmental stewardship for decades. Operational staff began implementing progressive programs for energy

  13. From Earth to Saturn: Los Alamos Achievements

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    McMillan, Charlie; Wilson, Cathy; Nekimkem, Howard; Martinez, Johnnie; Martz, Joe; Albright, Brian

    2014-08-13

    A compilation of some of the remarkable achievements of Los Alamos National Laboratory staff over the past 12 months. Originally aired in the June 26, 2008 Director's all-employee meeting.

  14. Low Voltage White Phosphorescent OLED Achievements

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Universal Display Corporation (UDC) and its research partners at Princeton University and the University of Southern California have succeeded in developing a white phosphorescent OLED (PHOLED™) that achieved a record efficiency of 20 lumens per watt. This achievement is the result of the team's collaborative efforts to increase the efficiency of PHOLED lighting by focusing on two critical factors: lowering the drive voltages and increasing the amount of light extracted.

  15. Gary No. 13 blast furnace achieves 400 lbs/THM coal injection in 9 months

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherman, G.J.; Schuett, K.J.; White, D.G.; O`Donnell, E.M. [U.S. Steel Group, Gary, IN (United States)

    1995-12-01

    Number 13 Blast Furnace at Gary began injecting Pulverized Coal in March 1993. The injection level was increased over the next nine months until a level off 409 lbs/THM was achieved for the month of December 1993. Several major areas were critical in achieving this high level of Pulverized coal injection (PCI) including furnace conditions, lance position, tuyere blockage, operating philosophy, and outages. The paper discusses the modifications made to achieve this level of injection. This injection level decreased charged dry coke rate from 750 lbs/THM to about 625 lbs/THM, while eliminating 150 lbs/THM of oil and 20 lbs/THM of natural gas. Assuming a 1.3 replacement ratio for an oil/natural gas mixture, overall coke replacement for the coal is about 0.87 lbs coke/lbs coal. Gary Works anticipates levels of 500 lbs/THM are conceivable.

  16. Idaho Site Contractor Achieves Treatment Project Milestone

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    IDAHO FALLS, Idaho – The Idaho site’s main cleanup contractor recently achieved a major performance milestone by successfully passing an operational readiness review for a first-of-a-kind facility that will treat the remaining 900,000 gallons of liquid radioactive waste generated by the site’s legacy cleanup mission.

  17. Celebrating Our Achievements... Building Our Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Celebrating Our Achievements... Building Our Future UC SANTA CRUZUC SANTA CRUZ University for the visual arts 9 A library for the future 10 Ali Akbar Khan honored 12 Protecting marine mammals 13 New­2000 and presents a wide range of opportunities to invest in the future of the campus. The campus has won national

  18. Software Analytics: Achievements and Challenges Dongmei Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Tao

    Software Analytics: Achievements and Challenges Dongmei Zhang Microsoft Research Asia Beijing, USA Email: xie@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract--A huge wealth of various data exist in the practice of software development. Further rich data are produced by modern software and services in operation, many of which tend

  19. The effect of irregular fiber distribution and error in assumed transverse fiber CTE on thermally induced fiber/matrix interfacial stresses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zu, Seung-Don

    2006-08-16

    Thermally induced interfacial stress states between fiber and matrix at cryogenic temperature were studied using three-dimensional finite element based micromechanics. Mismatch of the coefficient of thermal expansion between fiber and matrix...

  20. Secretary's 2013 Achievement Awards | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1ResearchUniversityPreparedAwards Secretary's 2013 Achievement

  1. Secretary's 2014 Achievement Awards | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1ResearchUniversityPreparedAwards Secretary's4 Achievement

  2. Secretary's Achievement Award | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1ResearchUniversityPreparedAwardsAchievement Award Secretary's

  3. Secretary's Achievment Award | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1ResearchUniversityPreparedAwardsAchievement Award

  4. Texas 4-H Member Achievement Plan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepley, Toby

    2000-08-07

    Achievement Plan (M.A.P.) will help 4-H members develop skills in record keeping and organization. Younger 4-H members are encouraged to record information directly on the form. Older 4-H members can use the M.A.P. as a reference for informa- tion that you... to hold on to your memories about each incredible year you have in 4-H. In a couple of years, you can look back on these journals and remem- ber what fun you had. Record keeping is also a great way to develop your skills in organizing your time, com...

  5. Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice|inWestMay 13, 2015 TheTechnologies-2015 Updateremoveto Achieve

  6. NERSC Announces Second Annual HPC Achievement Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesof Energy Moving ForwardAchievement Awards

  7. Achieving Sustainability inCalifornia’s CentralValley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubell, Mark; Beheim, Bret; Hillis, Vicken; Handy, Susan L.

    2009-01-01

    of agricultural sustainability. ” Agriculture, Ecosystems &19, 2009. Achieving Sustainability in California’s Centralvariables. Achieving Sustainability in California’s Central

  8. Application of Synergistic Technologies to Achieve High Levels...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Synergistic Technologies to Achieve High Levels of Gasoline Engine Downsizing Application of Synergistic Technologies to Achieve High Levels of Gasoline Engine Downsizing Discussed...

  9. Forest County Potawatomi Recognized for Renewable Energy Achievements...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Forest County Potawatomi Recognized for Renewable Energy Achievements Forest County Potawatomi Recognized for Renewable Energy Achievements May 28, 2014 - 5:53pm Addthis A...

  10. DOE Researchers Achieve Important Genetic Breakthroughs to Help...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    DOE Researchers Achieve Important Genetic Breakthroughs to Help Develop Cheaper Biofuels DOE Researchers Achieve Important Genetic Breakthroughs to Help Develop Cheaper Biofuels...

  11. Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011 Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity - 2011 As part of the Obama Administration's goals to...

  12. Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Achieves Impressive Safety...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Achieves Impressive Safety and Production Marks Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Achieves Impressive Safety and Production Marks June...

  13. 3 Ways Solar Energy Programs Are Helping Achieve President Obama...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    3 Ways Solar Energy Programs Are Helping Achieve President Obama's Climate Goals 3 Ways Solar Energy Programs Are Helping Achieve President Obama's Climate Goals September 8, 2015...

  14. Los Angeles County's Green Idea House Achieves Efficient Goals...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    County's Green Idea House Achieves Efficient Goals Los Angeles County's Green Idea House Achieves Efficient Goals Photo of an energy-efficient home with modern architecture. The...

  15. Dilute Clean Diesel Combustion Achieves Low Emissions and High...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Dilute Clean Diesel Combustion Achieves Low Emissions and High Efficiency While Avoiding Control Problems of HCCI Dilute Clean Diesel Combustion Achieves Low Emissions and High...

  16. Dynalene Fuel Cell Coolants Achieve Commercial Success | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Dynalene Fuel Cell Coolants Achieve Commercial Success Dynalene Fuel Cell Coolants Achieve Commercial Success August 26, 2014 - 12:34pm Addthis Dynalene Inc. of Whitehall,...

  17. Greensburg Implements High-Efficiency Building Codes to Achieve...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Greensburg Implements High-Efficiency Building Codes to Achieve Long-Term Energy Savings Greensburg Implements High-Efficiency Building Codes to Achieve Long-Term Energy Savings...

  18. Overcoming the Barrier to Achieving Large-Scale Production -...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Overcoming the Barrier to Achieving Large-Scale Production - A Case Study Overcoming the Barrier to Achieving Large-Scale Production - A Case Study This presentation summarizes the...

  19. Marine Corps Base Quantico Achieves 85% Savings in Parking Lighting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Marine Corps Base Quantico Achieves 85% Savings in Parking Lighting Marine Corps Base Quantico Achieves 85% Savings in Parking Lighting Marine Corps Base Quantico (MCBQ) in...

  20. The Highest Resolution Mass Map of Galaxy Cluster Substructure To Date Without Assuming Light Traces Mass: LensPerfect Analysis of Abell 1689

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coe, Dan; Broadhurst, Tom; Moustakas, Leonidas; Ford, Holland

    2010-01-01

    We present a strong lensing mass model of Abell 1689 which resolves substructures ~25 kpc across (including about ten individual galaxy subhalos) within the central ~400 kpc diameter. We achieve this resolution by perfectly reproducing the observed (strongly lensed) input positions of 168 multiple images of 55 knots residing within 135 images of 42 galaxies. Our model makes no assumptions about light tracing mass, yet we reproduce the brightest visible structures with some slight deviations. A1689 remains one of the strongest known lenses on the sky, with an Einstein radius of RE = 47.0" +/- 1.2" (143 +3/-4 kpc) for a lensed source at zs = 2. We find a single NFW or Sersic prole yields a good fit simultaneously (with only slight tension) to both our strong lensing (SL) mass model and published weak lensing (WL) measurements at larger radius (out to the virial radius). According to this NFW fit, A1689 has a mass of Mvir = 2.0 +0.5/-0.3 x 10^15 Msun / h70 (M200 = 1.8 +0.4/-0.3 x 10^15 Msun / h70) within the vir...

  1. Origin State Destination State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W...

  2. How We Achieved a 41% Energy Reduction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maze, M. E.

    1985-01-01

    ~ ENERGY REDUCTION Malcom E. Maze Abbott Labo~ato~ies No~th Chicago, IL ABSTRACT Abbott Labo~ato~ies is a wo~ldwide company devoted to the discove~, development, manufactu~e and sale of a b~oad and dive~sified line of human health ca~e p...~ato~ies is a wo~ldwide health ca~e company with 1984 sales in excess of $3.1 billion. Abbott employs some 34,000 people in 28 domestic and 44 inte~ational locations. ou~ ene~gy conse~vation p~og~am was sta~ted in 1973 du~ing the A~ab oil emba...

  3. Fuel Cycle Technologies 2014 Achievement Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hong, Bonnie C.

    2015-01-01

    The Fuel Cycle Technologies (FCT) program supports the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) mission to: “Enhance U.S. security and economic growth through transformative science, technology innovation, and market solutions to meet our energy, nuclear security, and environmental challenges.” Goal 1 of DOE’s Strategic Plan is to innovate energy technologies that enhance U.S. economic growth and job creation, energy security, and environmental quality. FCT does this by investing in advanced technologies that could transform the nuclear fuel cycle in the decades to come. Goal 2 of DOE’s Strategic Plan is to strengthen national security by strengthening key science, technology, and engineering capabilities. FCT does this by working closely with the National Nuclear Security Administration and the U.S Department of State to develop advanced technologies that support the Nation’s nuclear nonproliferation goals.

  4. Achieving Flexibility in Direct-Manipulation Programming Environments by Relaxing the Edit-Time Grammar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Kenneth J.

    Achieving Flexibility in Direct-Manipulation Programming Environments by Relaxing the Edit editing and flexibility, particularly in live development environments. JPie is a graphical programming. However, if a DMPE requires that programs always be in an executable state, editing is less flexible

  5. Ranking the dermatology programs based on measurements of academic achievement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jashin J; Ramirez, Claudia C; Alonso, Carol A; Berman, Brian; Tyring, Stephen K

    2007-01-01

    reflective of scholarly achievement: publications in 2001 toand publications are generally regarded as standard measuring sticks of scholarly

  6. Emulating quantum state transfer through a spin-1 chain on a 1D lattice of superconducting qutrits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joydip Ghosh

    2014-11-26

    Spin-1 systems, in comparison to spin-1/2 systems, offer a better security for encoding and transfer of quantum information, primarily due to their larger Hilbert spaces. Superconducting artificial atoms possess multiple energy-levels, thereby capable of emulating higher-spin systems. Here we consider a 1D lattice of nearest-neighbor-coupled superconducting transmon systems, and devise a scheme to transfer an arbitrary qutrit-state (a state encoded in a three-level quantum system) across the chain. We assume adjustable couplings between adjacent transmons, derive an analytic constraint for the control-pulse, and show how to satisfy the constraint to achieve a high-fidelity state-transfer under current experimental conditions. Our protocol thus enables enhanced quantum communication and information processing with promising superconducting qutrits.

  7. Achieving Real-time Mode Estimation through Offline Compilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achieving Real-time Mode Estimation through Offline Compilation by John M. Van Eepoel B, Committee on Graduate Students #12;Achieving Real-time Mode Estimation through Offline Compilation2 This page intentionally left blank. #12;Achieving Real-time Mode Estimation through Offline Compilation 3

  8. NREL 2012 Achievement of Ethanol Cost Targets: Biochemical Ethanol Fermentation via Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tao, L.; Schell, D.; Davis, R.; Tan, E.; Elander, R.; Bratis, A.

    2014-04-01

    For the DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office, the annual State of Technology (SOT) assessment is an essential activity for quantifying the benefits of biochemical platform research. This assessment has historically allowed the impact of research progress achieved through targeted Bioenergy Technologies Office funding to be quantified in terms of economic improvements within the context of a fully integrated cellulosic ethanol production process. As such, progress toward the ultimate 2012 goal of demonstrating cost-competitive cellulosic ethanol technology can be tracked. With an assumed feedstock cost for corn stover of $58.50/ton this target has historically been set at $1.41/gal ethanol for conversion costs only (exclusive of feedstock) and $2.15/gal total production cost (inclusive of feedstock) or minimum ethanol selling price (MESP). This year, fully integrated cellulosic ethanol production data generated by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) researchers in their Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility (IBRF) successfully demonstrated performance commensurate with both the FY 2012 SOT MESP target of $2.15/gal (2007$, $58.50/ton feedstock cost) and the conversion target of $1.41/gal through core research and process improvements in pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, and fermentation.

  9. Examining the Academic Achievement of Black Youth: The Roles of Social Influence, Achievement Values and Behavioral Engagement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darensbourg, Alicia Marie

    2011-10-21

    examines a more complete construct of achievement values, along with behavioral engagement and the impact of these constructs on Black adolescents' academic achievement. Additionally, this study assessed who, peers or parents, has influence on the academic...

  10. Use of Risk-Based End States

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-07-15

    The policy addresses conducting cleanup that is aimed at, and achieves, clearly defined, risk-based end states. Canceled by DOE N 251.106.

  11. Composite Multilinearity, Epistemic Uncertainty and Risk Achievement Worth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E. Borgonovo; C. L. Smith

    2012-10-01

    Risk Achievement Worth is one of the most widely utilized importance measures. RAW is defined as the ratio of the risk metric value attained when a component has failed over the base case value of the risk metric. Traditionally, both the numerator and denominator are point estimates. Relevant literature has shown that inclusion of epistemic uncertainty i) induces notable variability in the point estimate ranking and ii) causes the expected value of the risk metric to differ from its nominal value. We obtain the conditions under which the equality holds between the nominal and expected values of a reliability risk metric. Among these conditions, separability and state-of-knowledge independence emerge. We then study how the presence of epistemic uncertainty aspects RAW and the associated ranking. We propose an extension of RAW (called ERAW) which allows one to obtain a ranking robust to epistemic uncertainty. We discuss the properties of ERAW and the conditions under which it coincides with RAW. We apply our findings to a probabilistic risk assessment model developed for the safety analysis of NASA lunar space missions.

  12. A competitive game whose maximal Nash-equilibrium payoff requires quantum resources for its achievement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles D. Hill; Adrian P. Flitney; Nicolas C. Menicucci

    2009-09-14

    While it is known that shared quantum entanglement can offer improved solutions to a number of purely cooperative tasks for groups of remote agents, controversy remains regarding the legitimacy of quantum games in a competitive setting--in particular, whether they offer any advantage beyond what is achievable using classical resources. We construct a competitive game between four players based on the minority game where the maximal Nash-equilibrium payoff when played with the appropriate quantum resource is greater than that obtainable by classical means, assuming a local hidden variable model. The game is constructed in a manner analogous to a Bell inequality. This result is important in confirming the legitimacy of quantum games.

  13. Assuming Responsibility for Packaging and Packaging Waste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinclair, A. John

    2000-01-01

    J.E. , et al. (1991). Packaging for the Environment: ADeutschland AG. (1998). Packaging Recycling Techniques andEcological Optimization of Packaging, DSD GmbH Cologne.

  14. Westinghouse TRU Solutions LLC Assumes WIPP Operations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubic Feet)Completes its AP1000®Eddy and

  15. The most important thing in social dance is to end up with the partner you started with. We shall illustrate this with square dance by tracking the movement of the women, assuming the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Russell Bruce

    1 The most important thing in social dance is to end up with the partner you started with. We shall illustrate this with square dance by tracking the movement of the women, assuming the men do not move with a woman in it, a permutation has occurred, and we summarize movements as cycles of changing positions

  16. Off-Campus Housing Resource Center DISCLAIMER: Please keep in mind that the University assumes no responsibility for contracts/leases between individuals. The Off-Campus Housing Resource Center is not responsible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kounaves, Samuel P.

    Off-Campus Housing Resource Center DISCLAIMER: Please keep in mind that the University assumes no responsibility for contracts/leases between individuals. The Off-Campus Housing Resource Center is not responsible or liable for the consequences of any off-campus student housing arrangement. In addition, Tufts

  17. Multilevel Factor Analysis of Class and Student Achievement Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bengt O. Muthén

    2011-01-01

    Multilevel Factor Analysis of Class and Student AchievementMultilevel Factor Analysis of Class and Student Achievementof students observed within classes, classes within schools,

  18. Combined Heat and Power System Achieves Millions in Cost Savings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    campus, which includes 750 buildings. Photo courtesy of Texas A&M University Combined Heat and Power System Achieves Millions in Cost Savings at Large University Recovery Act...

  19. NREL Staff Recognized by DOE for Outstanding Achievements | Awards...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    areas. This year, the Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program honored four National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) staff for their outstanding achievements. See the full list of...

  20. NERSC Announces 2nd Annual HPC Achievement Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computing Center (NERSC) announced the winners of its second annual High Performance Computing (HPC) Achievement Awards on Feb. 4, 2014, during the annual NERSC User Group...

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - Chairs - Topics and Achievements (FINAL...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    EM 2 Hanford Advisory Board Achievements : * With the decommissioning of the Plutonium Finishing Plant's "McCluskey Room," the Hanford Nuclear Reservation has added a...

  2. How is the balance between protein synthesis and degradation achieved?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    as: Rothman, How is the balance between protein synthesisAccess Research How is the balance between protein synthesisstate concentrations. Balance between them is achieved

  3. New World Record Achieved in Solar Cell Technology | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    a concentrator solar cell produced by Boeing-Spectrolab has recently achieved a world-record conversion efficiency of 40.7 percent, establishing a new milestone in...

  4. Intercropped silviculture systems, a key to achieving soil fungal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Intercropped silviculture systems, a key to achieving soil fungal community management in eucalyptus plantations Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Intercropped...

  5. Volvo Trucks Achieves Lofty Energy and Carbon Goals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-03-31

    Case study - Volvo's New River Valley facility leveraged company and ITP resources to achieve plant-wide targets that surpass both corporate and Save Energy Now goals.

  6. Pantex Plant Achieves Key Safety Milestone Ahead of Schedule...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Achieves Key Safety Milestone Ahead of Schedule | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

  7. State Energy Program awards $5 million to states for State Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    competitive awards for 13 states to achieve the economic and environmental benefits that clean energy offers. As part of an "all-of-the-above" approach, Alabama, Arkansas, Idaho,...

  8. Breakeven Prices for Photovoltaics on Supermarkets in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ong, S.; Clark, N.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.

    2013-03-01

    The photovoltaic (PV) breakeven price is the PV system price at which the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. This point is also called 'grid parity' and can be expressed as dollars per watt ($/W) of installed PV system capacity. Achieving the PV breakeven price depends on many factors, including the solar resource, local electricity prices, customer load profile, PV incentives, and financing. In the United States, where these factors vary substantially across regions, breakeven prices vary substantially across regions as well. In this study, we estimate current and future breakeven prices for PV systems installed on supermarkets in the United States. We also evaluate key drivers of current and future commercial PV breakeven prices by region. The results suggest that breakeven prices for PV systems installed on supermarkets vary significantly across the United States. Non-technical factors -- including electricity rates, rate structures, incentives, and the availability of system financing -- drive break-even prices more than technical factors like solar resource or system orientation. In 2020 (where we assume higher electricity prices and lower PV incentives), under base-case assumptions, we estimate that about 17% of supermarkets will be in utility territories where breakeven conditions exist at a PV system price of $3/W; this increases to 79% at $1.25/W (the DOE SunShot Initiative's commercial PV price target for 2020). These percentages increase to 26% and 91%, respectively, when rate structures favorable to PV are used.

  9. Achievable safety of driverless ground vehicles Rodrigo Benenson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , France michel.parent@inria.fr Abstract--Safety is an important issue of driverless car. Yet, most currentAchievable safety of driverless ground vehicles Rodrigo Benenson INRIA Rocquencourt / Mines Paris guarantees can be given and how to achieve them. I. INTRODUCTION Driverless cars are an interesting robotics

  10. A Statistical Approach for Achievable Dose Querying in IMRT Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazhdan, Michael

    Introduction We explore a data-driven approach for achievable dose querying in intensity- modulated radiation specifies too low a target dose to the OAR, the treatment plan may not be realiz- able and the treatmentA Statistical Approach for Achievable Dose Querying in IMRT Planning Patricio Simari1 , Binbin Wu2

  11. results.Research and Graduate Studies at North Carolina State University Achievements in Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Matthew D. Brown

    in the National Science Foundation's most recent rankings of U.S. university research programs. Facing tough expenditures among universities without medical schools, ranking third in industry funding among the same universities. Our faculty continue to rise to the challenge of expanding their research programs and involving

  12. Achieving Deeper Energy Savings in Federal Energy Performance Contracts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shonder, John A

    2015-01-01

    Legislation requires each agency of the US federal government to reduce the aggregate energy use index of its buildings by 30% by 2015, with respect to a 2003 baseline. The declining availability of appropriated funding means that energy performance contracting will be key to achieving this goal. Historically however, energy performance contracts have been able to reduce energy use by only about 20% over baseline. Achieving 30% energy reductions using performance contracting will require new approaches and a specific focus on achieving higher energy savings, both by ESCOs and by agencies. This paper describes some of the ways federal agencies are meeting this challenge, and presents results from the efforts of one agency the US General Services Administration -- to achieve deeper energy savings in conventional energy savings performance contracts.

  13. Jefferson Lab News - Jefferson Lab Achieves Critical Milestone...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Achieves Critical Milestone Toward Construction of 310-Million Upgrade Project Pion This architectural rendering shows the Hall D complex to be built as part of the CEBAF 12 GeV...

  14. Savannah River Site Contractor Achieves Tank Waste Milestone

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    AIKEN, S.C. – The Savannah River Site’s liquid waste contractor recently achieved a contract milestone by processing 500,000 gallons of salt waste in underground tanks for disposition since October last year.

  15. Microsoft Word - Barriers to Achieving the Modern Grid_Final...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    our 21 st Century Economy V1.0 Barriers to Achieving the Modern Grid A declining infusion of new thought is occurring. The technical experience base of utilities is graying....

  16. Scientific Achievement Networks of highly photoresponsive crystalline GaSe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geohegan, David B.

    Scientific Achievement Networks of highly photoresponsive crystalline GaSe nanosheets a crystalline GaSe target was adjusted to directly grow networks of interconnected triangular GaSe crystalline nanosheets of ~ 200 nm size (inset shows atomic

  17. The effect of teacher certification on student achievement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Karin

    2005-08-29

    The purpose of this study was to review the empirical research evidence on the effect of teacher certification on student achievement. An exploratory meta-analysis was conducted on studies that examined the effect of fully certified and less...

  18. Achieving Superior Plant Energy Performance Utilizing Real-time Data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanya, S.

    2010-01-01

    . With the right Best Practices, however, using new methodologies and technologies unavailable only a few years ago, enterprises can achieve dramatic energy reductions and their resulting cost savings. These Best Practices are founded on 1) application of a...

  19. Capturing Implicit Policy from NCLB Test Type Assignments: Analysis of Characteristics and Performance of Students Taking Alternate Assessments Based on Modified Achievement Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Hyun-Jeong; Kingston, Neal M.

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the learner characteristics and performance scores of students in the 2009 alternate assessment-modified achievement standard for one Midwestern state. Comparing performance differences by disability ...

  20. Self-testing graph states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthew McKague

    2010-10-11

    We give a construction for a self-test for any connected graph state. In other words, for each connected graph state we give a set of non-local correlations that can only be achieved (quantumly) by that particular graph state and certain local measurements. The number of correlations considered is small, being linear in the number of vertices in the graph. We also prove robustness for the test.

  1. What is Security? A perspective on achieving security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atencio, Julian J.

    2014-05-05

    This presentation provides a perspective on achieving security in an organization. It touches upon security as a mindset, ability to adhere to rules, cultivating awareness of the reason for a security mindset, the quality of a security program, willingness to admit fault or acknowledge failure, peer review in security, science as a model that can be applied to the security profession, the security vision, security partnering, staleness in the security program, security responsibilities, and achievement of success over time despite the impossibility of perfection.

  2. Dissipative Quantum Metrology with Spin Cat States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiahao Huang; Xizhou Qin; Honghua Zhong; Yongguan Ke; Chaohong Lee

    2014-10-28

    The maximally entangled states are excellent candidates for achieving Heisenberg-limited measurements in ideal quantum metrology, however, they are fragile against dissipation such as particle losses and their achievable precisions may become even worse than the standard quantum limit (SQL). Here we present a robust high-precision measurement scheme via spin cat states (a kind of non-Gaussian entangled states in superposition of two spin coherent states) in the presence of particle losses. The input spin cat states are of excellent robustness against particle losses and their achievable precisions may still beat the SQL. For realistic measurements based upon our scheme, comparing with the population measurement, the parity measurement is more suitable for yielding higher precisions. In phase measurement with realistic dissipative systems of bosons, our scheme provides a robust and realizable way to achieve high-precision measurements beyond the SQL.

  3. IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY TRANSPORTATION TASK REPORT ON ACHIEVING MODERATOR EXCLUSION AND SUPPORTING STANDARDIZED TRANSPORTATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.K. Morton

    2011-09-01

    Following the defunding of the Yucca Mountain Project, it is reasonable to assume that commercial used fuel will remain in storage for the foreseeable future. This report proposes supplementing the ongoing research and development work related to potential degradation of used fuel, baskets, poisons, and storage canisters during an extended period of storage with a parallel path. This parallel path can assure criticality safety during transportation by implementing a concept that achieves moderator exclusion (no in-leakage of moderator into the used fuel cavity). Using updated risk assessment insights for additional technical justification and relying upon a component inside of the transportation cask that provides a watertight function, a strong argument can be made that moderator intrusion is not credible and should not be a required assumption for criticality evaluations during normal conditions of transportation. A demonstrating testing program supporting a detailed analytical effort as well as updated risk assessment insights can provide the basis for moderator exclusion during hypothetical accident conditions. This report also discusses how this engineered concept can support the goal of standardized transportation.

  4. Achievements and Outlook 2012 SA Water Centre for Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayer, Wolfgang

    Achievements and Outlook 2012 SA Water Centre for Water Management and Reuse #12;Contents Our Breaking News 35 SA Water Centre for Water Management and Reuse University of South Australia Mawson Lakes Campus Mawson Lakes SA 5095 Telephone: +61 (08) 8302 3338 Fax: +61 (08) 8302 3386 Web: unisa.edu.au/water

  5. Does Beamforming achieve Outage Capacity with Direction Feedback?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafar, Syed A.

    Does Beamforming achieve Outage Capacity with Direction Feedback? Sudhir Srinivasa and Syed Ali: syed@ece.uci.edu, sudhirs@uci.edu Email: sriram@ece.utexas.edu Abstract We explore the outage capacity of outage capacity for a quantized channel direction feedback system. The technique is used to establish

  6. Achievable Transmission Capacity of Cognitive Radio Networks with Cooperative Relaying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"

    Achievable Transmission Capacity of Cognitive Radio Networks with Cooperative Relaying Xiuying Chen, Washington DC, USA 3VTT - Technical Research Centre of Finland, Kaitov¨ayl¨a 1, Oulu, Finland {10120069,tjing that secondary users can only work under a low transmission power condition in an underlay spectrum sharing model

  7. Achieving Differential Privacy of Data Disclosure in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiang-Yang

    Achieving Differential Privacy of Data Disclosure in the Smart Grid Jing Zhao Taeho Jung Yu Wang-- The smart grid introduces new privacy implications to individuals and their family due to the fine of the proposed method over existing BLH methods. Index Terms--Smart Grid, Smart Meter, Privacy, Differential

  8. Achieving excellence in engineering education: the ingredients of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Achieving excellence in engineering education: the ingredients of successful change #12;2 4.1 Case study 1: Department of Civil, Environmental & Geomatic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Geomatic Engineering and other departments in the School, the Vice Dean (Education) for the School

  9. Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullman, Jeffrey D.

    Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century Avi Silberschatz, Mike Stonebraker, Jeff Ullman, editors Report of an NSF Workshop on the Future of Database Systems Research, May 26--27, 1995 1 1 Introduction In February of 1990, a group of database researchers met to examine the prospects

  10. Target Feasibility Achievement in Enterprise-Driven Hierarchical Multidisciplinary Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wei

    problem where decisions on product design and market strategies are made simultaneously. In practicalTarget Feasibility Achievement in Enterprise-Driven Hierarchical Multidisciplinary Design Harrison is used to set the right targets for the engineering design process that maximize utility

  11. Biofuels' Time of Transition Achieving high performance in a world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Biofuels' Time of Transition Achieving high performance in a world of increasing fuel diversity #12;2 Table of contents #12;3 Introduction Up close: Highlights of Accenture's first biofuels study An evolving biofuels industry 1 Consumer influence Guest commentary on land-use change In focus: The food

  12. Work Structuring to Achieve Integrated ProductProcess Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    Work Structuring to Achieve Integrated Product­Process Design Cynthia C. Y. Tsao, A.M.ASCE1 ; Iris presents "work structuring," a term used to describe the effort of integrating product and process design product and process design. We propose shifting the focus of work structuring from maximizing local trade

  13. Characterization of Contour Shapes Achievable with a MEMS Deformable Mirror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bifano, Thomas

    Characterization of Contour Shapes Achievable with a MEMS Deformable Mirror Yaopeng Zhou and Thomas for a particular AO application can be determined. In this paper, we characterize one MEMS DM that was recently electrostatic actuation in an architecture that has been described previously. We incorporated the MEMS mirror

  14. Energy Savings Achievable in Connection Preserving Energy Saving Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mao, Guoqiang

    Energy Savings Achievable in Connection Preserving Energy Saving Algorithms Seh Chun Ng School ICT Australia Limited Canberra, Australia Email: brian.anderson@nicta.com.au Abstract--Energy saving is an important design consideration in wireless sensor networks. In this paper, we analyze the energy savings

  15. Overview of the State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Overview of the State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network Johanna Zetterberg Coordinator, SEE Action Network US Department of Energy Achieving the Potential * EE remains one...

  16. State and Utility Partnerships FY 2009 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2010-06-25

    The FY 2009 Annual Report includes information on ITP's parnerships with states and utilities and offers information on goals and achievements and opportunities to partner with DOE.

  17. Assessment of Achievable Potential from Energy Efficiency and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This report discusses the 2008 U.S. Energy Information Administration statistic that electricity consumption in the United States is predicted to grow at an annual rate of...

  18. 42484 secretarys achievement award - 5 x 6 - Building 51

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Hannibal Joma Daniel B. Poneman Acting Secretary of Energy Federal Project Director of the Year for 2012 United States Department of Energy Presented to May 2013 For demonstrating...

  19. Evolved strains of Scheffersomyces stipitis achieving high ethanol

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    United States 2015-12-01 English Journal Article Journal Name: Biotechnology for Biofuels; Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1 Medium: ED; Size: Article No. 60 OSTI ID:...

  20. Greensburg Implements High-Efficiency Building Codes to Achieve...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for incorpo- rating energy efficiency and renewable energy into building designs. The Energy Transition Initiative leverages the experiences of islands, states, and cities that...

  1. Superior Energy Performance: A Roadmap for Achieving Continual...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Status of ISO 50001 *Under development by ISO Project Committee 242; United States and Brazil lead effort with United Kingdom and China *Draft International Standard by April 2010...

  2. The RHIC SPIN Program: Achievements and Future Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elke-Caroline Aschenauer; Alexander Bazilevsky; Markus Diehl; James Drachenberg; Kjeld Oleg Eyser; Renee Fatemi; Carl Gagliardi; Zhongbo Kang; Yuri V. Kovchegov; John Lajoie; Jeong-Hun Lee; Emanuele-R. Nocera; Daniel Pitonyak; Alexei Prokudin; Rodolfo Sassot; Ralf Seidl; Ernst Sichtermann; Matt Sievert; Bernd Surrow; Marco Stratmann; Werner Vogelsang; Anselm Vossen; Scott W. Wissink; Feng Yuan

    2015-01-07

    Time and again, spin has been a key element in the exploration of fundamental physics. Spin-dependent observables have often revealed deficits in the assumed theoretical framework and have led to novel developments and concepts. Spin is exploited in many parity-violating experiments searching for physics beyond the Standard Model or studying the nature of nucleon-nucleon forces. The RHIC spin program plays a special role in this grand scheme: it uses spin to study how a complex many-body system such as the proton arises from the dynamics of QCD. Many exciting results from RHIC spin have emerged to date, most of them from RHIC running after the 2007 Long Range Plan. In this document we present highlights from the RHIC program to date and lay out the roadmap for the significant advances that are possible with future RHIC running.

  3. White LED Benchmark of 65 Lumens Per Watt Achieved

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Novel chip design and the balance of multiple interrelated design parameters have enabled Cree, Inc.'s Santa Barbara Technology Center to demonstrate white LEDs with efficacies greater than 65 lumens per watt at 350 mA. The results are particularly significant because they were achieved with a pre-production prototype chip using the same package used in Cree's commercially available XLamp® 7090 high power LED, rather than a laboratory device.

  4. Upside-Down Solar Cell Achieves Record Efficiencies (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-12-01

    The inverted metamorphic multijunction (IMM) solar cell is an exercise in efficient innovation - literally, as the technology boasted the highest demonstrated efficiency for converting sunlight into electrical energy at its debut in 2005. Scientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) inverted the conventional photovoltaic (PV) structure to revolutionary effect, achieving solar conversion efficiencies of 33.8% and 40.8% under one-sun and concentrated conditions, respectively.

  5. Industrial Energy Efficiency Achieving Success in a Difficult Environment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castellow, C.

    2011-01-01

    EFFICIENCY ACHIEVING SUCCESS IN A DIFFICULT ENVIRONMENT CARL CASTELLOW DIRECTOR, INDUSTRIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC RALEIGH, NC ABSRACT Energy use and the resulting environmental impacts are major points of concern... threat would lead to consequences that would dwarf the economic woes already in place, he outlined fundamental principles of his new energy plan. Among his points: ? ?Conservation is the quickest, cheapest, most practical source of energy.? ? ?We...

  6. New Efficiency Record Achieved for White OLED Device

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Osram Opto-Semiconductors, Inc. has successfully demonstrated a white organic light emitting diode (OLED) with a record efficiency of 25 lumens per watt, the highest known efficiency achieved to date for a polymer-based white OLED. The 25 LPW cool-white-emitting device was produced by applying a standard external inorganic phosphor to Osram's record-breaking blue-emitting phosphorescent polymer device with a peak luminous efficacy of 14 LPW.

  7. Passive States for Essential Observers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Strich

    2008-01-23

    The aim of this note is to present a unified approach to the results given in \\cite{bb99} and \\cite{bs04} which also covers examples of models not presented in these two papers (e.g. $d$-dimensional Minkowski space-time for $d\\geq 3$). Assuming that a state is passive for an observer travelling along certain (essential) worldlines, we show that this state is invariant under the isometry group, is a KMS-state for the observer at a temperature uniquely determined by the structure constants of the Lie algebra involved and fulfills (a variant of) the Reeh-Schlieder property. Also the modular objects associated to such a state and the observable algebra of an observer are computed and a version of weak locality is examined.

  8. Do $??$ bound states exist?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Haidenbauer; Ulf-G. Meißner; S. Petschauer

    2014-12-09

    The existence of baryon-baryon bound states in the strangeness sector is examined in the framework of SU(3) chiral effective field theory. Specifically, the role of SU(3) symmetry breaking contact terms that arise at next-to-leading order in the employed Weinberg power counting scheme is explored. We focus on the 1S0 partial wave and on baryon-baryon channels with maximal isospin since in this case there are only two independent SU(3) symmetry breaking contact terms. At the same time, those are the channels where most of the bound states have been predicted in the past. Utilizing $pp$ phase shifts and $\\Sigma^+ p$ cross section data allows us to pin down one of the SU(3) symmetry breaking contact terms and a clear indication for the decrease of attraction when going from the NN system to strangeness S=-2 is found, which rules out a bound state for $\\Sigma\\Sigma$ with isospin I=2. Assuming that the trend observed for S=0 to S=-2 is not reversed when going to $\\Xi\\Sigma$ and $\\Xi\\Xi$ makes also bound states in those systems rather unlikely.

  9. Greenidge multi-pollutant project achieves emissions reduction goals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    Performance testing at the Greenridge Multi-Pollutant Project has met or exceeded project goals, indicating that deep emission reduciton sin small, difficult-to-retrofit power plants can be achieved. The technology fitted at the 107 MWe AES Greenridge Unit 4 includes a hybrid selective non-catalytic reduction/selective catalytic reduction system for NOx control (NOxOUT CASCADE) and a Turbosorp circulating fluidized bed dry scrubber system for SO{sub 2}, mercury, SO{sub 3} HC and Hf control. 2 figs.

  10. Gas Turbine Fired Heater Integration: Achieve Significant Energy Savings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iaquaniello, G.; Pietrogrande, P.

    1985-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-IE-85-05-23.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 22051 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name ESL-IE-85-05-23.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 GAS TURBINE FIRED... HEATER INTEGRATION: ACHIEVE SIGNIFICANT ENERGY SAVINGS G. Iaquaniello**, P. Pietrogrande* *KTI Corp., Research and Development Division, Monrovia, California **KTI SpA, Rome, Italy ABSTRAer Faster payout will result if gas turbine exhaust is used...

  11. Achieving improved cycle efficiency via pressure gain combustors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gemmen, R.S.; Janus, M.C.; Richards, G.A.; Norton, T.S. [USDOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States); Rogers, W.A. [EG& G Technical Services of West Virginia, Morgantown, WV (United States)

    1995-04-01

    As part of the Department of Energy`s Advanced Gas Turbine Systems Program, an investigation is being performed to evaluate ``pressure gain`` combustion systems for gas turbine applications. This paper presents experimental pressure gain and pollutant emission data from such combustion systems. Numerical predictions for certain combustor geometries are also presented. It is reported that for suitable aerovalved pulse combustor geometries studied experimentally, an overall combustor pressure gain of nearly 1 percent can be achieved. It is also shown that for one combustion system operating under typical gas turbine conditions, NO{sub x} and CO emmissions, are about 30 ppmv and 8 ppmv, respectively.

  12. Achievements of structural genomics (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements of structural genomics Citation Details In-Document Search

  13. Achievements of structural genomics (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation4563Abuse Tolerance Improvements CitationConference: Achievements of

  14. Achievements of structural genomics (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation4563Abuse Tolerance Improvements CitationConference: Achievements

  15. Achievements of structural genomics (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation4563Abuse Tolerance Improvements CitationConference:Achievements of

  16. Achievements of structural genomics (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation4563Abuse Tolerance Improvements CitationConference:Achievements

  17. Workgroup 1: Model or Achieving Programmatic Savings Name Affiliation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubictheThepresented in1: Model or Achieving

  18. Achieving 30% Renewable Electricity Use by 2025 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment| DepartmentAL/FAL 99-01 More5,Achieving 30% Renewable Electricity Use by

  19. NERSC Announces Winners of Inaugural HPC Achievement Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesof Energy Moving ForwardAchievement AwardsAnnounces Winners of

  20. Achieving Water-Sustainable Bioenergy Production | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3AUDIT REPORT:Federal Employee Fatality atRenewableAchieving

  1. The effects of early home literacy environments on fourth-grade literacy achievement: an international comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arya, DJ; McClung, NA; Maul, A; Cunningham, AE

    2014-01-01

    of Educational Achievement (IEA), Publisher: TIMSS & PIRLSfor the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA),IEA Secretariat, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Reese, L. and

  2. Symmetric M-ary phase discrimination using quantum-optical probe states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Jeffrey H.

    We present a theoretical study of minimum error probability discrimination, using quantum-optical probe states, of M optical phase shifts situated symmetrically on the unit circle. We assume ideal lossless conditions and ...

  3. Volley: Violation Likelihood Based State Monitoring for Datacenters Shicong Meng Arun K. Iyengar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    Volley: Violation Likelihood Based State Monitoring for Datacenters Shicong Meng Arun K. Iyengar--Distributed state monitoring plays a critical role in Cloud datacenter management. One fundamental problem distributed state monitoring in Cloud datacenters. Volley achieves both efficiency and accuracy

  4. Biofuels' Time of Transition Achieving high performance in a world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    the challenges of 2007, biofuels production will probably exceed the International Energy Agency predictions was approximately 20 percent in the United States and approxi- mately 30 percent in Germany.1 ·High and volatile increase).2 ·Low product prices. Ethanol spot prices went from a high of $4/gallon in 2006 to an average

  5. Past Achievements and Future Challenges in 3D Photonic Metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soukoulis, Costas M

    2011-01-01

    Photonic metamaterials are man-made structures composed of tailored micro- or nanostructured metallo-dielectric sub-wavelength building blocks that are densely packed into an effective material. This deceptively simple, yet powerful, truly revolutionary concept allows for achieving novel, unusual, and sometimes even unheard-of optical properties, such as magnetism at optical frequencies, negative refractive indices, large positive refractive indices, zero reflection via impedance matching, perfect absorption, giant circular dichroism, or enhanced nonlinear optical properties. Possible applications of metamaterials comprise ultrahigh-resolution imaging systems, compact polarization optics, and cloaking devices. This review describes the experimental progress recently made fabricating three-dimensional metamaterial structures and discusses some remaining future challenges.

  6. Progress on achieving the ICF conditions needed for high gain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindl, J.D.

    1988-12-23

    Progress during the past two years has moved us much closer to demonstrating the scientific and technological requirements for high gain ICF in the laboratory. This progress has been made possible by operating at the third harmonic of 1..mu..m light which dramatically reduces concern about hot electrons and by advances in diagnostics such as 100 ps x-ray framing cameras which greatly increase the data available from each experiment. Making use of many of these new capabilities, major improvements in confinement conditions have been achieved for ICF implosions. In particular, in an optimized hohlraum on Nova, radiation driven implosions with convergence ratio in excess of 30 (volume compression /approximately/3 /times/ 10/sup 4/) have performed essentially as predicted by spherical implosion calculations. This paper presents these results as well as examples of advances in several other areas and discusses the implications for the future of ICF with lasers and heavy ion beam drivers. 8 refs., 10 figs.

  7. PT-symmetric quantum state discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carl M. Bender; Dorje C. Brody; Joao Caldeira; Bernard K. Meister

    2010-11-08

    Suppose that a system is known to be in one of two quantum states, $|\\psi_1 > $ or $|\\psi_2 >$. If these states are not orthogonal, then in conventional quantum mechanics it is impossible with one measurement to determine with certainty which state the system is in. However, because a non-Hermitian PT-symmetric Hamiltonian determines the inner product that is appropriate for the Hilbert space of physical states, it is always possible to choose this inner product so that the two states $|\\psi_1 > $ and $|\\psi_2 > $ are orthogonal. Thus, quantum state discrimination can, in principle, be achieved with a single measurement.

  8. Building America Residential System Research Results: Achieving 30% Whole House Energy Savings Level in Cold Climates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Building Industry Research Alliance; Building Science Consortium; Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings; Florida Solar Energy Center; IBACOS; National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    2006-08-01

    The Building America program conducts the system research required to reduce risks associated with the design and construction of homes that use an average of 30% to 90% less total energy for all residential energy uses than the Building America Research Benchmark, including research on homes that will use zero net energy on annual basis. To measure the program's progress, annual research milestones have been established for five major climate regions in the United States. The system research activities required to reach each milestone take from 3 to 5 years to complete and include research in individual test houses, studies in pre-production prototypes, and research studies with lead builders that provide early examples that the specified energy savings level can be successfully achieved on a production basis. This report summarizes research results for the 30% energy savings level and demonstrates that lead builders can successfully provide 30% homes in Cold Climates on a cost-neutral basis.

  9. Equation of state and singularities in FLRW cosmological models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Fernandez-Jambrina; R. Lazkoz

    2010-01-18

    We consider FLRW cosmological models with standard Friedmann equations, but leaving free the equation of state. We assume that the dark energy content of the universe is encoded in an equation of state $p=f(\\rho)$, which is expressed with most generality in the form of a power expansion. The inclusion of this expansion in Friedmann equations allows us to construct a perturbative solution and to relate the coefficients of the equation of state with the formation of singularities of different types.

  10. The Use of Ecological Restoration Principles To Achieve Remedy Protection

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsState ofSavings for Specific Measures (April 2013) |Theofofat

  11. 3 Ways Solar Energy Programs Are Helping Achieve President Obama's

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle ReplacementStates andMeasures |1 Strategic2014

  12. CASE STUDY WEBINAR: SUSTAINED ENERGY SAVINGS ACHIEVED THROUGH SUCCESSFUL

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle ReplacementStatesA CaseNovember 13,Public

  13. Tuning charge balance in PHOLEDs with ambipolar host materials to achieve high efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Padmaperuma, Asanga B.; Koech, Phillip K.; Cosimbescu, Lelia; Polikarpov, Evgueni; Swensen, James S.; Chopra, Neetu; So, Franky; Sapochak, Linda S.; Gaspar, Daniel J.

    2009-08-27

    The efficiency and stability of blue organic light emitting devices (OLEDs) continue to be a primary roadblock to developing organic solid state white lighting. For OLEDs to meet the high power conversion efficiency goal, they will require both close to 100% internal quantum efficiency and low operating voltage in a white light emitting device.1 It is generally accepted that such high quantum efficiency, can only be achieved with the use of organometallic phosphor doped OLEDs. Blue OLEDs are particularly important for solid state lighting. The simplest (and therefore likely the lowest cost) method of generating white light is to down convert part of the emission from a blue light source with a system of external phosphors.2 A second method of generating white light requires the superposition of the light from red, green and blue OLEDs in the correct ratio. Either of these two methods (and indeed any method of generating white light with a high color rendering index) critically depends on a high efficiency blue light component.3 A simple OLED generally consists of a hole-injecting anode, a preferentially hole transporting organic layer (HTL), an emissive layer that contains the recombination zone and ideally transports both holes and electrons, a preferentially electron-transporting layer (ETL) and an electron-injecting cathode. Color in state-of-the-art OLEDs is generated by an organometallic phosphor incorporated by co-sublimation into the emissive layer (EML).4 New materials functioning as hosts, emitters, charge transporting, and charge blocking layers have been developed along with device architectures leading to electrophosphorescent based OLEDs with high quantum efficiencies near the theoretical limit. However, the layers added to the device architecture to enable high quantum efficiencies lead to higher operating voltages and correspondingly lower power efficiencies. Achievement of target luminance power efficiencies will require new strategies for lowering operating voltages, particularly if this is to be achieved in a device that can be manufactured at low cost. To avoid the efficiency losses associated with phosphorescence quenching by back-energy transfer from the dopant onto the host, the triplet excited states of the host material must be higher in energy than the triplet excited state of the dopant.5 This must be accomplished without sacrificing the charge transporting properties of the composite.6 Similar problems limit the efficiency of OLED-based displays, where blue light emitters are the least efficient and least stable. We previously demonstrated the utility of organic phosphine oxide (PO) materials as electron transporting HMs for FIrpic in blue OLEDs.7 However, the high reluctance of PO materials to oxidation and thus, hole injection limits the ability to balance charge injection and transport in the EML without relying on charge transport by the phosphorescent dopant. PO host materials were engineered to transport both electrons and holes in the EML and still maintain high triplet exciton energy to ensure efficient energy transfer to the dopant (Figure 1). There are examples of combining hole transporting moieties (mainly aromatic amines) with electron transport moieties (e.g., oxadiazoles, triazines, boranes)8 to develop new emitter and host materials for small molecule and polymer9 OLEDs. The challenge is to combine the two moieties without lowering the triplet energy of the target molecule. For example, coupling of a dimesitylphenylboryl moiety with a tertiary aromatic amine (FIAMBOT) results in intramolecular electron transfer from the amine to the boron atom through the bridging phenyl. The mesomeric effect of the dimesitylphenylboryl unit acts to extend conjugation and lowers triplet exciton energies (< 2.8 eV) rendering such systems inadequate as ambipolar hosts for blue phosphors.

  14. An effective ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) Awareness Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aldridge, T.L.; Hammond, D.A.

    1990-10-01

    Following the January 1, 1989 issue of the US Department of Energy (DOE) revised Order 5480.1, Chapter XI (DOE 1985), the Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford) As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) Program Office (APO) began an aggressive ALARA Awareness Campaign. The revised DOE Order 5480.11 (DOE 1988) required the documentation and tracking of ALARA practices and principles. This major challenge for compliance to the new requirements necessitated an enhanced awareness of the goals and objectives of the APO. The Westinghouse Hanford APO began the expansion of the ALARA Program. The classic concept'' of radiological exposure minimization, which began in the early 1940's, increased in scope to include the new concept of exposure minimization for all hazardous materials and conditions commensurate with sound economics and operating practices. This expansion could only be implemented by bringing about a cultural change. Therefore, the attempt to introduce this change in thinking created a second major challenge for the Westinghouse Hanford APO. The direct result of the identification of these two major goals was the creation of an effective ALARA Awareness for Westinghouse Hanford. This paper describes this program. 3 refs.

  15. Multiphase Nano-Composite Coatings for Achieving Energy Optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Jose Nainaparampil

    2012-03-26

    UES Inc. and ANL teamed in this work to develop novel coating systems for the protection of surfaces from thermal degradation mainly in two applications; Machining and Die casting. These coatings were specifically designed for the purpose by incorporating required material phases and the overall architecture, which led to reduce the energy usage and increase efficiency of the operations. Following the UES/ANL'Â?s feasibility work, the coatings were developed utilizing High power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPMS) and Large area filtered arc deposition (LAFAD) techniques. Toughness, hardness and oxidation resistance: contrasting qualities have been mixed in the right proportion to attain the suitable material characteristic for the cause. Hafnium diboride (HfB2) based materials provided such a system and its properties were tamed to attain the right combination of toughness and hardness by working on the microstructure and architecture of coatings. An effective interfacing material (graded concentrations of topcoat) was also achieved in this work to provide the required adhesion between the substrate and the coating. Combination of an appropriate bond coat and a functional top coat provided the present thermal degradation resistant coating for cutting tools and die-casting applications. Laboratory level performance tests and industrial level application tests by partner companies (Beta Site Testing) were used for the development of these coatings.

  16. Method of achieving the controlled release of thermonuclear energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brueckner, Keith A. (Ann Arbor, MI)

    1986-01-01

    A method of achieving the controlled release of thermonuclear energy by illuminating a minute, solid density, hollow shell of a mixture of material such as deuterium and tritium with a high intensity, uniformly converging laser wave to effect an extremely rapid build-up of energy in inwardly traveling shock waves to implode the shell creating thermonuclear conditions causing a reaction of deuterons and tritons and a resultant high energy thermonuclear burn. Utilizing the resulting energy as a thermal source and to breed tritium or plutonium. The invention also contemplates a laser source wherein the flux level is increased with time to reduce the initial shock heating of fuel and provide maximum compression after implosion; and, in addition, computations and an equation are provided to enable the selection of a design having a high degree of stability and a dependable fusion performance by establishing a proper relationship between the laser energy input and the size and character of the selected material for the fusion capsule.

  17. Unambiguous discrimination of extremely similar states by a weak measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang Qiao; Shengjun Wu; Zeng-Bing Chen

    2013-02-25

    In this paper, we propose a method to discriminate two extremely similar quantum states via a weak measurement. For the two states with equal prior probabilities, the optimum discrimination probability given by Ivanovic-Dieks-Peres limit can be achieved by our protocol with an appropriate choice of the interaction strength. However, compared with the conventional method for state discrimination, our approach shows the advantage of error-tolerance by achieving a better ratio of the success probability to the probability of error.

  18. Vehicles and E85 Stations Needed to Achieve Ethanol Goals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, David L [ORNL

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of the numbers of stations and vehicles necessary to achieve future goals for sales of ethanol fuel (E85). The paper does not analyze issues related to the supply of ethanol which may turn out to be of even greater concern. A model of consumers decisions to purchase E85 versus gasoline based on prices, availability, and refueling frequency is derived and preliminary results for 2010, 2017 and 2030 consistent with the President s 2007 biofuels program goals are presented (1). A limited sensitivity analysis is carried out to indicate key uncertainties in the trade-off between the number of stations and fuels. The analysis indicates that to meet a 2017 goal of 26 billion gallons of E85 sold, on the order of 30% to 80% of all stations may need to offer E85, and that 125 to 200 million flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) may need to be on the road, even if oil prices remain high. These conclusions are tentative for three reasons: (1) there is considerable uncertainty about key parameter values, such as the price elasticity of choice between E85 and gasoline, (2) the future prices of E85 and gasoline are uncertain; and (3) the method of analysis used is highly aggregated; it does not consider the potential benefits of regional strategies nor the possible existence of market segments predisposed to purchase E85. Nonetheless, the preliminary results indicate that the 2017 biofuels program goals are ambitious and will require a massive effort to produce FFVs and insure widespread availability of E85.

  19. Benefits and Challenges of Achieving a Mainstream Market for Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ungar, Edward [Taratec Corporation; Mueller, Howard [Taratec Corporation; Smith, Brett [Center for Automotive Research

    2010-08-01

    The Plug-in Hybrid electric Vehicle (PHEV) Market Introduction Study Final Report identified a range of policies, incentives and regulations designed to enhance the probability of success in commercializing PHEVs as they enter the automotive marketplace starting in 2010. The objective of the comprehensive PHEV Value Proposition study, which encompasses the PHEV Market Introduction Study, is to better understand the value proposition that PHEVs (as well as other plug-in electric vehicle platforms - PEVs) provide to the auto companies themselves, to the consumer and to the public at large as represented by the government and its public policies. In this report we use the more inclusive term PEVs, to include PHEVs, BEVs (battery electric vehicles that operate only on battery) and EREVs (extended range electric vehicles that combine battery electric vehicles with an internal combustion engine that charges the battery as needed). The objective of Taratec's contribution to Phase 2 of the PHEV Value Proposition Study is to develop a clear understanding of the benefits of PEVs to three stakeholders - auto original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), utilities, and the government - and of the technical and commercial challenges and risks to be overcome in order to achieve commercial success for these vehicles. The goal is to understand the technical and commercial challenges in moving from the 'early adopters' at the point of market introduction of these vehicles to a 'sustainable' mainstream market in which PEVs and other PEVs represent a normal, commercially available and attractive vehicle to the mainstream consumer. For the purpose of this study, that sustainable market is assumed to be in place in the 2030 timeframe. The principal focus of the study is to better understand the technical and commercial challenges in the transition from early adopters to a sustainable mainstream consumer market. Effectively, that translates to understanding the challenges to be overcome during the transition period - basically the middle years as the second and third generation of these vehicles are developed and come to market. The concern is to understand those things that in the near term would delay that transition. The study looked at identifying and then quantifying these technical and commercial risks and benefits from three perspectives: (1) The auto industry original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) themselves; (2) The utilities who will provide the electric 'fuel' that will fully or partially power the vehicles; and (3) The government, representing public policy interest in PEV success. By clarifying and quantifying these benefits and the technical and commercial risks that could delay the transition to a sustainable mainstream market, the study provides the basis for developing recommendations for government policies and support for PHEV and PEV development.

  20. Achieving Robustness to Uncertainty for Financial Decision-making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnum, George M.; Van Buren, Kendra L.; Hemez, Francois M.; Song, Peter

    2014-01-10

    This report investigates the concept of robustness analysis to support financial decision-making. Financial models, that forecast future stock returns or market conditions, depend on assumptions that might be unwarranted and variables that might exhibit large fluctuations from their last-known values. The analysis of robustness explores these sources of uncertainty, and recommends model settings such that the forecasts used for decision-making are as insensitive as possible to the uncertainty. A proof-of-concept is presented with the Capital Asset Pricing Model. The robustness of model predictions is assessed using info-gap decision theory. Info-gaps are models of uncertainty that express the “distance,” or gap of information, between what is known and what needs to be known in order to support the decision. The analysis yields a description of worst-case stock returns as a function of increasing gaps in our knowledge. The analyst can then decide on the best course of action by trading-off worst-case performance with “risk”, which is how much uncertainty they think needs to be accommodated in the future. The report also discusses the Graphical User Interface, developed using the MATLAB® programming environment, such that the user can control the analysis through an easy-to-navigate interface. Three directions of future work are identified to enhance the present software. First, the code should be re-written using the Python scientific programming software. This change will achieve greater cross-platform compatibility, better portability, allow for a more professional appearance, and render it independent from a commercial license, which MATLAB® requires. Second, a capability should be developed to allow users to quickly implement and analyze their own models. This will facilitate application of the software to the evaluation of proprietary financial models. The third enhancement proposed is to add the ability to evaluate multiple models simultaneously. When two models reflect past data with similar accuracy, the more robust of the two is preferable for decision-making because its predictions are, by definition, less sensitive to the uncertainty.

  1. Achieving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency: The CAFE Standards and Abstract: As a series of political objectives converge and call for enhanced domestic automobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzerall, Denise

    Achieving Vehicle Fuel Efficiency: The CAFE Standards and Beyond Abstract: As a series of political objectives converge and call for enhanced domestic automobile fuel efficiency, it is time to reassess the United States Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards and compare future options for limiting

  2. Multi-GPU Computing for Achieving Speedup in Real-time Aggregate Risk Analysis Center for Security, Theory and Algorithmic Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau-Chaplin, Andrew

    Multi-GPU Computing for Achieving Speedup in Real-time Aggregate Risk Analysis A. K. Bahl Center.whiteway@dal.ca Abstract--Stochastic simulation techniques employed for portfolio risk analysis, often referred to as Aggregate Risk Analysis, can benefit from exploiting state-of-the-art high- performance computing platforms

  3. 12.4.7 Parental Notification and Alcohol and Drug Violations 1. Achieving autonomy and acceptance of one's personal responsibility are student development goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    12.4.7 Parental Notification and Alcohol and Drug Violations 1. Achieving autonomy and acceptance's violation of any federal, state, or local law, or an institutional disciplinary policy relating to the use or local law or College policy governing the use or possession of alcohol or a controlled substance. #12;

  4. The role of opacity and transparency in achieving strategic stability in South Asia.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajain, Arpit (New Delhi, India); Ashraf, Tariq Mahmud (Islamabad, Pakistan)

    2005-08-01

    According to international relations theory, deterrence can be used as a tool to achieve stability between potentially hostile nations. India and Pakistan's long history of periodic crises raises the question of how they can achieve deterrence stability. 'Transparency' describes the flow of information between parties and plays a key role in establishing a deterrence relationship. This paper studies the balance needed between opacity and transparency in nuclear topics for the maintenance of deterrence stability between India and Pakistan. States with nuclear weapons are postulated to implement transparency in four categories: potential, capability, intent, and resolve. The study applies these categories to the nuclear components of the ongoing India-Pakistan Composite Dialogue Working Group for Peace and Security including CBMs. To focus our efforts, we defined four scenarios to characterize representative strategic/military/political conditions. The scenarios are combinations of these two sets of opposite poles: competition - cooperation; extremism - moderation (to be understood primarily in a religious/nationalistic sense). We describe each scenario in terms of select focal areas (nuclear doctrine, nuclear command and control, nuclear stockpile, nuclear delivery/defensive systems, and conventional force posture). The scenarios help frame the realm of possibilities, and have been described in terms of expected conditions for the focal areas. We then use the conditions in each scenario to prescribe a range of information-sharing actions that the two countries could take to increase stability. We also highlight the information that should not be shared. These actions can be political (e.g., declarations), procedural (e.g., advance notice of certain military activities), or technologically based (e.g., seismic monitoring of the nuclear test moratorium).

  5. First-ever ieRoadmap Workshop Reviews Progress in Achieving Roadmap...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    First-ever ieRoadmap Workshop Reviews Progress in Achieving Roadmap Goals First-ever ieRoadmap Workshop Reviews Progress in Achieving Roadmap Goals On May 28-29, 2008, the first...

  6. Achieving high-precision ground-based photometry for transiting exoplanets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guyon, Olivier

    Achieving high-precision ground-based photometry for transiting exoplanets Olivier Guyona, USA ABSTRACT Detection of transiting exoplanets requires high precision photometry, at the percent an ideally stable - but costly - environment for high precision photometry. Achieving high precision

  7. The Relationship Between the Leadership Responsibilities of Title I School Principals and Student Achievement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, George H.

    2010-07-14

    achievement. The overall indication is that a substantial relationship exists between the 21 Leadership responsibilities and combination reading and math averages. Fourteen leadership responsibilities were positively correlated to the overall achievement...

  8. Policy Flash 2014-39 Initiatives to Achieve Strategic Plan 2014...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to Achieve Strategic Plan 2014-2018 Performance Goal Focused on Cost Savings Policy Flash 2014-39 Initiatives to Achieve Strategic Plan 2014-2018 Performance Goal Focused...

  9. Achievement and Opportunity Gaps in Mathematics Education in Turkey Compared to European Union Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yetkiner, Zeynep 1978-

    2010-12-08

    in the present study as more equitable in terms of student achievement than Turkey. The current study also shows Turkish policy-makers importance of the equitable distribution of qualified mathematics teachers in closing the mathematics achievement gap in middle...

  10. The Role of Mediators in the Development of Longitudinal Mathematics Achievement Associations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    mis) alignment between mathematics instructional content andof high school mathematics achievement. Psychologicalis where you start? Early mathematics knowledge and later

  11. Achieving gender equality in learning outcomes: Evidence from a non-formal education program in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gee, Kevin A

    2015-01-01

    education on girls’ achievement and only one examines gender differences in the context of Yemen’s early childhood

  12. How America can look within to achieve energy security and reduce global warming.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richter, B.; Goldston, D.; Crabtree, G.; Glicksman, L.; Goldstein, D.; Greene, D.; Kammen, D.; Levin, M.; Lubell, M.; Savitz, M.; Sperling, D.; Schlachter, F.; Scofield, J.; Dawson, J.

    2008-12-01

    Making major gains in energy efficiency is one of the most economical and effective ways our nation can wean itself off its dependence on foreign oil and reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases. Transportation and buildings, which account for two thirds of American energy usage, consume far more than they need to, but even though there are many affordable energy efficient technologies that can save consumers money, market imperfections inhibit their adoption. To overcome the barriers, the federal government must adopt policies that will transform the investments into economic and societal benefit. And the federal government must invest in research and development programs that target energy efficiency. Energy efficiency is one of America's great hidden energy reserves. We should begin tapping it now. Whether you want the United States to achieve greater energy security by weaning itself off foreign oil, sustain strong economic growth in the face of worldwide competition or reduce global warming by decreasing carbon emissions, energy efficiency is where you need to start. Thirty-five years ago the U.S. adopted national strategies, implemented policies and developed technologies that significantly improved energy efficiency. More than three decades have passed since then, and science and technology have progressed considerably, but U.S. energy policy has not. It is time to revisit the issue. In this report we examine the scientific and technological opportunities and policy actions that can make the United States more energy efficient, increase its security and reduce its impact on global warming. We believe the findings and recommendations will help Congress and the next administration to realize these goals. Our focus is on the transportation and buildings sectors of the economy. The opportunities are huge and the costs are small.

  13. ISIT 2002, Lausanne, Switzerland, June 30 --July 5, 2002 Markov Sources Achieve the Feedback Capacity of FiniteState

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavcic, Aleksandar

    # t-1 = {Pr(X t-1 t-M c = s|y t-1 1 ) : s # X M c }, and the feedback capacity is Cfb = sup P I(X # Y

  14. Inventory of state energy models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melcher, A.G.; Gist, R.L.; Underwood, R.G.; Weber, J.C.

    1980-03-31

    These models address a variety of purposes, such as supply or demand of energy or of certain types of energy, emergency management of energy, conservation in end uses of energy, and economic factors. Fifty-one models are briefly described as to: purpose; energy system; applications;status; validation; outputs by sector, energy type, economic and physical units, geographic area, and time frame; structure and modeling techniques; submodels; working assumptions; inputs; data sources; related models; costs; references; and contacts. Discussions in the report include: project purposes and methods of research, state energy modeling in general, model types and terminology, and Federal legislation to which state modeling is relevant. Also, a state-by-state listing of modeling efforts is provided and other model inventories are identified. The report includes a brief encylopedia of terms used in energy models. It is assumed that many readers of the report will not be experienced in the technical aspects of modeling. The project was accomplished by telephone conversations and document review by a team from the Colorado School of Mines Research Institute and the faculty of the Colorado School of Mines. A Technical Committee (listed in the report) provided advice during the course of the project.

  15. A West Valley Demonstration Project Milestone - Achieving Certification to Ship Waste to the Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, J. P.; Pastor, R. S.

    2002-02-28

    The West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) has successfully pretreated and vitrified nearly all of the 600,000 gallons of liquid high-level radioactive waste that was generated at the site of the only commercial nuclear fuel reprocessing plant to have operated in the United States. Low-level waste (LLW) generated during the course of the cleanup effort now requires disposal. Currently the WVDP only ships Class A LLW for off-site disposal. It has been shipping Class A wastes to Envirocare of Utah, Inc. since 1997. However, the WVDP may also have a future need to ship Class B and Class C waste, which Envirocare is not currently authorized to accept. The Nevada Test Site (NTS), a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility, can accept all three waste classifications. The WVDP set a goal to receive certification to begin shipping Class A wastes to NTS by 2001. Formal certification/approval was granted by the DOE Nevada Operations Office on July 12, 2001. This paper discusses how the WVDP contractor, West Valley Nuclear Services Company (WVNSCO), completed the activities required to achieve NTS certification in 2001 to ship waste to its facility. The information and lessons learned provided are significant because the WVDP is the only new generator receiving certification based on an NTS audit in January 2001 that resulted in no findings and only two observations--a rating that is unparalleled in the DOE Complex.

  16. SOLAR CELLS Low trap-state density and long

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sargent, Edward H. "Ted"

    REPORTS SOLAR CELLS Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide) perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have now achieved 20.1% certified power con- version efficiencies (1

  17. Bulk Entanglement Spectrum Reveals Quantum Criticality within a Topological State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Liang

    A quantum phase transition is usually achieved by tuning physical parameters in a Hamiltonian at zero temperature. Here, we show that the ground state of a topological phase itself encodes critical properties of its ...

  18. State Finances in India: A Case for Systemic Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2006-01-01

    M. Govinda (2000), “Tax Reform in India: Achievements andState Level Fiscal Reforms in India”, paper presented aton Indian Economic Reform, April 19-20. M. Govinda Rao and

  19. Magnetic Fusion Energy Plasma Interactive and High Heat Flux Components: Volume 5, Technical assessment of critical issues in the steady state operation of fusion confinement devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    Critical issues for the steady state operation of plasma confinement devices exist in both the physics and technology fields of fusion research. Due to the wide range and number of these issues, this technical assessment has focused on the crucial issues associated with the plasma physics and the plasma interactive components. The document provides information on the problem areas that affect the design and operation of a steady state ETR or ITER type confinement device. It discusses both tokamaks and alternative concepts, and provides a survey of existing and planned confinement machines and laboratory facilities that can address the identified issues. A universal definition of steady state operation is difficult to obtain. From a physics point of view, steady state is generally achieved when the time derivatives approach zero and the operation time greatly exceeds the characteristic time constants of the device. Steady state operation for materials depends on whether thermal stress, creep, fatigue, radiation damage, or power removal are being discussed. For erosion issues, the fluence and availability of the machine for continuous operation are important, assuming that transient events such as disruptions do not limit the component lifetimes. The panel suggests, in general terms, that steady state requires plasma operation from 100 to 1000 seconds and an availability of more than a few percent, which is similar to the expectations for an ETR type device. The assessment of critical issues for steady state operation is divided into four sections: physics issues; technology issues; issues in alternative concepts; and devices and laboratory facilities that can address these problems.

  20. State Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProjectDataSecretaryDepartment7 Annual2InformationState Energy RevolvingState

  1. A stochastic analysis of steady state two-phase flow in heterogeneous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Zhiming

    and soil pore size distribution. A stochastic numerical model for steady state water-oil flow in a random these expansions of Y(x), b(x) and dependent pressures, the steady state water-oil flow equations and corresponding size distribution b(x) are assumed to be Gaussian random functions with a separable exponential

  2. Vacuum fluctuations and radiation reaction in radiative processes of entangled states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menezes, G

    2015-01-01

    We investigate radiative processes of inertial two-level atoms in an entangled state interacting with a quantum electromagnetic field. We assume a dipole interaction between the atoms. The main intention is to identify and to analyze quantitatively the distinct contributions of vacuum fluctuations and radiation reaction to the decay rate of the entangled state.

  3. Generation of Test Sequences for programmable logic array-based Finite State Machines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathyanarayana, Murali Kadaba

    1994-01-01

    , is that the sequences are long and time-consuming to construct. A common method of specification of a protocol is the Finite State Machine model. Each of these methods assume that the specification is a minimal, strongly connected, deterministic Finite State Machine...

  4. Colorado State Forest Service SB09-020 --Responsibility for Responding to Wildland Fires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado State Forest Service SB09-020 -- Responsibility for Responding to Wildland Fires Summary, and the Colorado State Forest Service in responding to wildland fires. This legislation organizes the roles Forest Service may assist the sheriff in controlling or extinguishing such fires, and may assume command

  5. AssumeGuarantee Refinement Between Different Time Scales ?;??

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henzinger, Thomas A.

    been implemented in the model checker Mocha and successfully applied to verify the VGI multiprocessor

  6. Parameterizing deep convection using the assumed probability density function method

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Storer, R. L.; Griffin, B. M.; Höft, J.; Weber, J. K.; Raut, E.; Larson, V. E.; Wang, M.; Rasch, P. J.

    2015-01-06

    Due to their coarse horizontal resolution, present-day climate models must parameterize deep convection. This paper presents single-column simulations of deep convection using a probability density function (PDF) parameterization. The PDF parameterization predicts the PDF of subgrid variability of turbulence, clouds, and hydrometeors. That variability is interfaced to a prognostic microphysics scheme using a Monte Carlo sampling method. The PDF parameterization is used to simulate tropical deep convection, the transition from shallow to deep convection over land, and midlatitude deep convection. These parameterized single-column simulations are compared with 3-D reference simulations. The agreement is satisfactory except when the convective forcingmore »is weak. The same PDF parameterization is also used to simulate shallow cumulus and stratocumulus layers. The PDF method is sufficiently general to adequately simulate these five deep, shallow, and stratiform cloud cases with a single equation set. This raises hopes that it may be possible in the future, with further refinements at coarse time step and grid spacing, to parameterize all cloud types in a large-scale model in a unified way.« less

  7. Parameterizing deep convection using the assumed probability density function method

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Storer, R. L.; Griffin, B. M.; Höft, J.; Weber, J. K.; Raut, E.; Larson, V. E.; Wang, M.; Rasch, P. J.

    2015-01-06

    Due to their coarse horizontal resolution, present-day climate models must parameterize deep convection. This paper presents single-column simulations of deep convection using a probability density function (PDF) parameterization. The PDF parameterization predicts the PDF of subgrid variability of turbulence, clouds, and hydrometeors. That variability is interfaced to a prognostic microphysics scheme using a Monte Carlo sampling method.The PDF parameterization is used to simulate tropical deep convection, the transition from shallow to deep convection over land, and midlatitude deep convection. These parameterized single-column simulations are compared with 3-D reference simulations. The agreement is satisfactory except when the convective forcing is weak.more »The same PDF parameterization is also used to simulate shallow cumulus and stratocumulus layers. The PDF method is sufficiently general to adequately simulate these five deep, shallow, and stratiform cloud cases with a single equation set. This raises hopes that it may be possible in the future, with further refinements at coarse time step and grid spacing, to parameterize all cloud types in a large-scale model in a unified way.« less

  8. Parameterizing deep convection using the assumed probability density function method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Storer, R. L. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Griffin, B. M. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Höft, J. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Weber, J. K. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Raut, E. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Larson, V. E. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Wang, M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)] (ORCID:000000029179228X); Rasch, P. J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Due to their coarse horizontal resolution, present-day climate models must parameterize deep convection. This paper presents single-column simulations of deep convection using a probability density function (PDF) parameterization. The PDF parameterization predicts the PDF of subgrid variability of turbulence, clouds, and hydrometeors. That variability is interfaced to a prognostic microphysics scheme using a Monte Carlo sampling method.The PDF parameterization is used to simulate tropical deep convection, the transition from shallow to deep convection over land, and midlatitude deep convection. These parameterized single-column simulations are compared with 3-D reference simulations. The agreement is satisfactory except when the convective forcing is weak. The same PDF parameterization is also used to simulate shallow cumulus and stratocumulus layers. The PDF method is sufficiently general to adequately simulate these five deep, shallow, and stratiform cloud cases with a single equation set. This raises hopes that it may be possible in the future, with further refinements at coarse time step and grid spacing, to parameterize all cloud types in a large-scale model in a unified way.

  9. UCOR Assumes Role as Primary Cleanup Contractor for ETTP | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    as the primary contractor for remediation and cleanup of the Department of Energy's (DOE) East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). "We are extremely pleased to have UCOR on board,"...

  10. Hanford Contractor Assumes Responsibility of Three Wastewater Facilities |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing Programs |ReferencePowerHaier:Hands-On Lessons

  11. WAI Assumes Responsibility for DOE'S Transuranic Waste Processing Center

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs Search USAJobsAdvancedVeteranDepartment of EnergyReport0-18381W.|

  12. Maximum entanglement in squeezed boson and fermion states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khanna, F. C. [Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2A3 (Canada); Malbouisson, J. M. C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40210-340, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); Santana, A. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, 70910-900, Brasilia, DF (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); Santos, E. S. [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica da Bahia, 40030-010, Salvador, BA (Brazil)

    2007-08-15

    A class of squeezed boson and fermion states is studied with particular emphasis on the nature of entanglement. We first investigate the case of bosons, considering two-mode squeezed states. Then we construct the fermion version to show that such states are maximum entangled, for both bosons and fermions. To achieve these results, we demonstrate some relations involving squeezed boson states. The generalization to the case of fermions is made by using Grassmann variables.

  13. Beating the Odds: Encouraging High-Achieving Minority Students in Science and Engineering

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Freeman A. Hrabowski, III

    2010-09-01

    Freeman A. Hrabowski, III, President of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, focuses on encouraging high-achieving minority students in science and engineering.

  14. Energy Efficiency as a Low-Cost Resource for Achieving Carbon Emissions Reductions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-09-01

    Summarizes the scale and economic value of energy efficiency for reducing carbon emissions and discusses barriers to achieving the potential for cost-effective energy efficiency.

  15. The role of lean manufacturing principles and strategic alternatives in achieving business goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramaswamy, Dhananjay

    2006-01-01

    Lean Manufacturing is widely accepted as a proven method to achieve operational excellence. Many manufacturers undertake lean manufacturing implementations as a strategy to improve competitiveness and realize business ...

  16. Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satchwell, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards AndrewEfficiency; EERS=Energy Efficiency Resource Standard; EES=different energy efficiency and demand response resource

  17. Penn State Consortium for Building Energy Innovation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Penn State Consortium for Building Energy Innovation (formerly the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub) develops, demonstrates, and deploys energy-saving technologies that can achieve 50% energy reduction in small- and medium-sized buildings. Its headquarters serves as a test bed for real-world integration of technology and market solutions.

  18. PMU Deployment for Optimal State Estimation Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Sumit

    PMU Deployment for Optimal State Estimation Performance Yue Yang, Student Member IEEE, and Sumit are anticipated; however, due to the high cost of PMU installation, their deployment will continue to be selective minimal-PMU sets that achieve full observability, affording an additional degree of freedom to select

  19. STATE of the STATE Survey State of the State SurveyState of the State Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    8White 8.3 9.8 Black 5.7 12.4 Democrat 2.4 15.4 Republican 12.2 2.8 Detroit 3.9 9.2 Southeast Michigan (excluding Detroit) 9.8 10.8 #12;STATE of the STATE Survey Percent of Michigan Residents Who Rate.3 Black 33.5 12.8 53.7 Democrat 14.6 15.8 69.7 Republican 34.1 22.3 43.6 Detroit 32 4 14 0 53 7Detroit 32

  20. Achieving synchrony

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, R.D. (McDermott, Will Emery, Washington, DC (United States))

    1993-09-01

    Independent power developers, investors, and lenders have the chance to make a difference in how capital markets are structured. These opportunities are complicated by the Energy Policy Act's effects on project rating criteria. To get from today's reality to broader markets for independent power requires clear recognition of the capital markets evolution in process and consideration of how the Energy Policy Act may affect them. A strategy to remove obstructions to capital market development can then be identified.

  1. Awards, Achievements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & Inspections Audits &drivers to seeAwardsAwards |Awards

  2. Scientific Achievement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOffice of Science (SC)Science-DrivenPhysics

  3. Scientific Achievement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOffice of Science

  4. Scientific Achievement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOffice of ScienceDiscovered the 'reactive Leidenfrost'

  5. Scientific Achievement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOffice of ScienceDiscovered the 'reactive

  6. Scientific Achievement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOffice of ScienceDiscovered the 'reactiveintroduced the

  7. Scientific Achievement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOffice of ScienceDiscovered the 'reactiveintroduced

  8. Scientific Achievement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOffice of ScienceDiscovered the

  9. Feasibility of Achieving Net-Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Feasibility of Achieving Net- Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost Homes I.S. Walker, Al-Beaini, SSimjanovic,JohnStanley,BretStrogen,IainWalker FeasibilityofAchieving ZeroNetEnergy,Zero NetCostHomes #12;4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. Environmental Energy Technologies Division September 2009 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary

  10. Home / News / Remanufacturing And Design: A Promising Solution For Achieving Green, Profitable Businesses CURRENT NEWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Harrison

    Home / News / Remanufacturing And Design: A Promising Solution For Achieving Green, Profitable CALENDAR Make a Gift Now Harrison Kim Remanufacturing and design: a promising solution for achieving green of operating both green and profitable businesses," explained Harrison Kim, an associate professor

  11. NEWS REPORT William L. Ogren was honored with a Lifetime Achievement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    is a brief description of the 2010 Lifetime Achievement Award received by William (Bill) L. Ogren from; William Lucas, University of California at Davis; Harald Paulsen, Johannes Gutenberg University MainzNEWS REPORT William L. Ogren was honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award by the Rebeiz Foundation

  12. Achieving Canada's climate targets and the impacts on Alberta's oil sands industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achieving Canada's climate targets and the impacts on Alberta's oil sands industry by Maximilian Management 608 Title of Project: Achieving Canada's climate targets and the impacts on Alberta's oil sands of domestic and international climate efforts on Alberta's oil sands industry. The modelling results predict

  13. Achievable Transmission Capacity of Cognitive Mesh Networks With Different Media Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"

    Achievable Transmission Capacity of Cognitive Mesh Networks With Different Media Access Control Tao, Beijing Jiaotong University, China 2Computer Science, The George Washington University, DC, USA E broadband access. In this paper we investigate the achievable transmission capacity of a wireless backhaul

  14. Achieving Water Use Efficiency in Irrigation Districts Ronald C. Griffin1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Ronald

    Achieving Water Use Efficiency in Irrigation Districts Ronald C. Griffin1 Abstract: Irrigation districts are challenging places to achieve efficient water use when the ultimate water users do not individually own the units of water they use. The consequence is that irrigators have difficulty seeing value

  15. Pathways to Technology Transfer and Adoption: Achievements and Challenges (Mini-Tutorial)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Tao

    Pathways to Technology Transfer and Adoption: Achievements and Challenges (Mini-Tutorial) Dongmei. There are some common challenges faced when pursuing technology transfer and adoption while particular challenges transfer and adoption. This mini-tutorial presents achievements and challenges of technology transfer

  16. Achievable Push-Manipulation for Complex Passive Mobile Objects using Past Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veloso, Manuela M.

    Achievable Push-Manipulation for Complex Passive Mobile Objects using Past Experience Tekin Meriçli and object trajecto- ries as building blocks to generate achievable and collision- free push plans.ifaamas.org). All rights reserved. Figure 1: Realistically simulated passive mobile ob- jects on freely

  17. REQUEST FOR REVIEW OF DECISION / REQUEST FOR READMISSION TERMINATION FROM COURSE NOT ACHIEVING SATISFACTORY COURSE PROGRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mucina, Ladislav

    REQUEST FOR REVIEW OF DECISION / REQUEST FOR READMISSION TERMINATION FROM COURSE NOT ACHIEVING is obliged to report student visa holders who have been Terminated for not achieving satisfactory course of the appeals process. COURSE DETAILS COURSE FROM WHICH I HAVE BEEN TERMINATED Course code Course name STUDY

  18. Energy-Efficient Scheduling for Best-Effort Interactive Services to Achieve High Response Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bader, David A.

    Energy-Efficient Scheduling for Best-Effort Interactive Services to Achieve High Response Quality. In this paper, we study the quality-energy tradeoff for such services by using a composite performance metric the concave quality function of best-effort applications to achieve high service quality with low energy

  19. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState million

  20. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState

  1. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState83

  2. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState8333

  3. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState83337

  4. State Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S. Department ofEnergy(Department orAn exampleThe StartupagendaitsState8333755

  5. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 United States

  6. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 United States7

  7. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 United States78

  8. Making the best of mixed-field orientation of polar molecules: A recipe for achieving adiabatic dynamics in an electrostatic field combined with laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jens H. Nielsen; Henrik Stapelfeldt; Jochen Küpper; Bretislav Friedrich; Juan J. Omiste; Rosario González-Férez

    2012-04-12

    We have experimentally and theoretically investigated the mixed-field orientation of rotational-state-selected OCS molecules and we achieve strong degrees of alignment and orientation. The applied moderately intense nanosecond laser pulses are long enough to adiabatically align molecules. However, in combination with a weak dc electric field, the same laser pulses result in nonadiabatic dynamics in the mixed-field orientation. These observations are fully explained by calculations employing, both, adiabatic and non-adiabatic time-dependent models.

  9. Parallel State Estimation Assessment with Practical Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yousu; Jin, Shuangshuang; Rice, Mark J.; Huang, Zhenyu

    2014-10-31

    This paper presents a full-cycle parallel state estimation (PSE) implementation using a preconditioned conjugate gradient algorithm. The developed code is able to solve large-size power system state estimation within 5 seconds using real-world data, comparable to the Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) rate. This achievement allows the operators to know the system status much faster to help improve grid reliability. Case study results of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) system with real measurements are presented. The benefits of fast state estimation are also discussed.

  10. The desire to achieve both high power density and high power conversion efficiency leads to several required features of a first wall and blanket concept. Achieving high

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    required features of a first wall and blanket concept. Achieving high power density means that the coolant wall and blanket design, tritium breeding, activation and waste, power conversion, first wall thermo First wall heat flux 2 MW/m2 Neutron wall load 10 MW/m2 Tritium Breeding Ratio (local 2D) 1.37 Power

  11. State Restrictions on Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (released in AEO2006)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2006-01-01

    By the end of 2005, 25 states had barred, or passed laws banning, any more than trace levels of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) in their gasoline supplies, and legislation to ban MTBE was pending in 4 others. Some state laws address only MTBE; others also address ethers such as ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE) and tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME). Annual Energy Outlook 2006 assumes that all state MTBE bans prohibit the use of all ethers for gasoline blending.

  12. Achieving hard X-ray nanofocusing using a wedged multilayer Laue...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (BNL), Upton, NY (United States) Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22) Country of Publication: United States Language: English...

  13. Gearing Up for the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Rebecca

    Gearing Up for the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics William McCallum The University of Arizona Tucson, 1 April 2011 William McCallumThe University of Arizona Gearing Up for the Common CoreCallumThe University of Arizona Gearing Up for the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics #12;How do we achieve

  14. Quantifying Maintenance Requirements From the Steady-State Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    Quantifying Maintenance Requirements From the Steady-State Operation of a Two-Phase Partitioning remarkably through achievement of steady-state operation. The data conclusively show that maintenance and explicitly quantifying the maintenance energy requirements of pure cultures growing on volatile organic

  15. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Beaini, S.; Borgeson, S.; Coffery, B.; Gregory, D.; Konis, K.; Scown, C.; Simjanovic, J.; Stanley, J.; Strogen, B.; Walker, I.

    2009-09-01

    A green building competition, to be known as the Energy Free Home Challenge (EFHC), is scheduled to be opened to teams around the world in 2010. This competition will encourage both design innovation and cost reduction, by requiring design entries to meet 'zero net energy' and 'zero net cost' criteria. For the purposes of this competition, a 'zero net energy' home produces at least as much energy as it purchases over the course of a year, regardless of the time and form of the energy (e.g., electricity, heat, or fuel) consumed or produced. A 'zero net cost' home is no more expensive than a traditional home of comparable size and comfort, when evaluated over the course of a 30-year mortgage. In other words, the 'green premium' must have a payback period less than 30 years, based on the value of energy saved. The overarching goal of the competition is to develop affordable, high-performance homes that can be mass-produced at a large scale, and are able to meet occupant needs in harsh climates (as can be found where the competition will be held in Illinois). This report outlines the goals of the competition, and gauges their feasibility using both modeling results and published data. To ensure that the established rules are challenging, yet reasonable, this report seeks to refine the competition goals after exploring their feasibility through case studies, cost projections, and energy modeling. The authors of this report conducted a survey of the most progressive home energy-efficiency practices expected to appear in competition design submittals. In Appendix A, a summary can be found of recent projects throughout the United States, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden and Japan, where some of the most progressive technologies have been implemented. As with past energy efficient home projects, EFHC competitors will incorporate a multitude of energy efficiency measures into their home designs. The authors believe that the cost of electricity generated by home generation technologies will continue to exceed the price of US grid electricity in almost all locations. Strategies to minimize whole-house energy demand generally involve some combination of the following measures: optimization of surface (area) to volume ratio; optimization of solar orientation; reduction of envelope loads; systems-based engineering of high efficiency HVAC components, and on-site power generation. A 'Base Case' home energy model was constructed, to enable the team to quantitatively evaluate the merits of various home energy efficiency measures. This Base Case home was designed to have an energy use profile typical of most newly constructed homes in the Champaign-Urbana, Illinois area, where the competition is scheduled to be held. The model was created with the EnergyGauge USA software package, a front-end for the DOE-2 building energy simulation tool; the home is a 2,000 square foot, two-story building with an unconditioned basement, gas heating, a gas hot-water heater, and a family of four. The model specifies the most significant details of a home that can impact its energy use, including location, insulation values, air leakage, heating/cooling systems, lighting, major appliances, hot water use, and other plug loads. EFHC contestants and judges should pay special attention to the Base Case model's defined 'service characteristics' of home amenities such as lighting and appliances. For example, a typical home refrigerator is assumed to have a built-in freezer, automatic (not manual) defrost, and an interior volume of 26 cubic feet. The Base Case home model is described in more detail in Section IV and Appendix B.

  16. Building America Residential System Research Results: Achieving 30% Whole House Energy Savings Level in Marine Climates; January 2006 - December 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Building America Industrialized Housing Partnership; Building Industry Research Alliance; Building Science Consortium; Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings; Davis Energy Group; IBACOS; National Association of Home Builders Research Center; National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    2006-12-01

    The Building America program conducts the system research required to reduce risks associated with the design and construction of homes that use an average of 30% to 90% less total energy for all residential energy uses than the Building America Research Benchmark, including research on homes that will use zero net energy on annual basis. To measure the program's progress, annual research milestones have been established for five major climate regions in the United States. The system research activities required to reach each milestone take from 3 to 5 years to complete and include research in individual test houses, studies in pre-production prototypes, and research studies with lead builders that provide early examples that the specified energy savings level can be successfully achieved on a production basis. This report summarizes research results for the 30% energy savings level and demonstrates that lead builders can successfully provide 30% homes in the Marine Climate Region on a cost neutral basis.

  17. State Energy Program Helps States Plan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Program Helps States Plan and Implement Energy Efficiency The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) State Energy Program (SEP) provides grants and technical assis- tance to states...

  18. Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT): An Innovative Mechanism for Enhancing Energy Efficiency in India's Industrial Sector 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnik, S. P.; Martin, M.

    2014-01-01

    consumption (SEC) reduction targets for 478 DCs in eight industrial sectors like Cement, Pulp & Paper, Aluminium, Textile, Chlor-Alkali, Iron &Steel, Fertilizer and Thermal Power Plant. Different targets have been assigned to different DCs and to be achieved...

  19. Predicting Academic Achievement: The Role Of Parenting, Nonverbal Intelligence, and Goal Orientation in Turkish Children 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korkmaz, Ummugulsum

    2014-07-25

    The purpose of this research is to examine parenting, child goal orientation, and child nonverbal intelligence as predictors of academic achievement among fifth grade Turkish children. The influence of intelligence, parenting ...

  20. An investigation of a professional development program using industry partnerships and student achievement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Helen Grace

    2008-10-10

    This investigation examined the impact on student achievement of teachers who participated in a professional development program using industry partnerships. One treatment and one non-treatment school in a large urban school district served...

  1. VOTED BALTIMORE'S BEST 100 WELLNESS GOALS WILL BE ACHIEVED THIS MONTH AT THE MAC.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VOTED BALTIMORE'S BEST 100 WELLNESS GOALS WILL BE ACHIEVED THIS MONTH AT THE MAC. MAKE YOURS ONE. | Baltimore, MD 21202 | 410.625.5000 ExpRESS 11212 McCormick Rd. | Hunt Valley, MD 21031 | 410

  2. A Waterfall Model to Achieve Energy Efficient Tasks Mapping for Large

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bader, David A.

    reduce the energy consumption and achieve a better load balance for GPU clusters. A task generator based to significantly reduce space, power, and cooling demands. Nvidia's commercial "Tesla" GPU with four high

  3. How America Can Look Within to Achieve Energy Security and Reduce...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    to Achieve Energy Security and Reduce Global Warming Making major gains in energy efficiency is one of the most economical and effective ways our nation can wean itself off its...

  4. 11th Grade Students' English Reading Motivation, Language Problems and Reading Achievement in Taiwan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Jung-Hsuan

    2012-07-16

    ’ English reading motivation and its relationship with perceived language problems and reading achievement. 302 11th grade students from an urban district in southern Taiwan participated in the study. Measures included an English reading comprehension...

  5. The Relationships among Motivation, Self-Regulated Learning, and Academic Achievement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Yunhee

    2014-08-29

    This dissertation consists of two articles investigating the relationships among motivation, self-regulated learning (SRL), and academic achievement for adolescents: (a) a meta-analytic review of the literature, and (b) tests of a theoretical model...

  6. Effect of Special Education Proportion on School-Level Achievement in Texas Elementary Schools 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grande, Robert John

    2014-12-03

    For almost thirty years researchers have attempted to measure the impact that educating special education students with their regular education peers has on academic achievement. A review of the research literature addressing this broad question...

  7. Children's achievement goals, attitudes, and disruptive behaviors in an after-school physical activity program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agbuga, Bulent

    2007-09-17

    CHILDREN’S ACHIEVEMENT GOALS, ATTITUDES, AND DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIORS IN AN AFTER­SCHOOL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAM A Dissertation by BULENT AGBUGA Submitted... to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May207 Major Subject: Kinesiology CHILDREN’S ACHIEVEMENT GOALS, ATTITUDES, AND DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIORS IN AN AFTER­SCHOOL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAM A Dissertation by BULENT AGBUGA Submitted...

  8. United States Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Faruque, Mohammad Abdullah

    Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home United States Environmental Protection Agency United States Consumer Product Safety Commission United States Department of Housing and Urban Development

  9. Experimental determination of the distribution of tail states of hydrogenated amorphous silicon: A transient photocurrent analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, D.P.; Chan, F.Y.M.; Zou, X.C.; Chan, Y.C.; Lam, Y.W.; Lin, S.H.; O'Leary, S.K.; Lim, P.K.

    1997-07-01

    Recent experimental developments have cast doubt on the validity of the common assumption that the distribution of tail states of hydrogenated amorphous silicon exhibits a single exponential functional form. The authors employ transient photocurrent decay measurements to determine this distribution of tail states. In their approach, however, they determine the distribution of tail states directly from the experimental data, without assuming, a priori, a specific functional form. It is found that these experimental results are consistent with other more recent experimental determinations of the distribution of tail states, suggesting the possibility of deviations from a single exponential distribution of tail states in hydrogenated amorphous silicon.

  10. Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Environmental Energy Technologies DivisionMarch 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Satchwell, Andrew; Cappers, Peter; Goldman, Charles

    2011-03-22

    Energy efficiency resource standards (EERS) are a prominent strategy to potentially achieve rapid and aggressive energy savings goals in the U.S. As of December 2010, twenty-six U.S. states had some form of an EERS with savings goals applicable to energy efficiency (EE) programs paid for by utility customers. The European Union has initiated a similar type of savings goal, the Energy End-use Efficiency and Energy Services Directive, where it is being implemented in some countries through direct partnership with regulated electric utilities. U.S. utilities face significant financial disincentives under traditional regulation which affects the interest of shareholders and managers in aggressively pursuing cost-effective energy efficiency. Regulators are considering some combination of mandated goals ('sticks') and alternative utility business model components ('carrots' such as performance incentives) to align the utility's business and financial interests with state and federal energy efficiency public policy goals. European countries that have directed their utilities to administer EE programs have generally relied on non-binding mandates and targets; in the U.S., most state regulators have increasingly viewed 'carrots' as a necessary condition for successful achievement of energy efficiency goals and targets. In this paper, we analyze the financial impacts of an EERS on a large electric utility in the State of Arizona using a pro-forma utility financial model, including impacts on utility earnings, customer bills and rates. We demonstrate how a viable business model can be designed to improve the business case while retaining sizable ratepayer benefits. Quantifying these concerns and identifying ways they can be addressed are crucial steps in gaining the support of major stakeholder groups - lessons that can apply to other countries looking to significantly increase savings targets that can be achieved from their own utility-administered EE programs.

  11. Energy and Technology Review, July 1984: state of the Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    Each year, Director Roger Batzel addresses the LLNL staff on the state of the Laboratory and the achievements of the past year. On May 17, 1984, Dr. Batzel reported on the estimated budget for fiscal year 1985, which includes an 8.5% increase in operating funds, and on recent progress in our major programs. In this issue, we summarize Dr. Batzel's address and present a sampling of Laboratory achievements.

  12. Achieving Target MTTF by Duplicating Reliability-Critical Components in High Performance Computing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    choudhar@eecs.northwestern.edu § Los Alamos National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.A. {ggrider. This would ensure that the checkpoint state itself is not corrupted and hence by rolling back to this state

  13. Towards Achieving Clean Water Goals: An Evaluation of California's Mandatory Minimum Penalty Enforcement Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Victor Rigor

    2014-01-01

    State University. Andreen, WL. (2003). Water Quality Today-Has the Clean Water Act Been a Success. Ala. L. Rev. , 55,3), 33-62. California State Water Resources Control Board (

  14. State-Constrained Optimal Control Problems of Impulsive Differential Equations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forcadel, Nicolas, E-mail: forcadel@ceremade.dauphine.fr [Universite Paris-Dauphine, Ceremade (France); Rao Zhiping, E-mail: Zhiping.Rao@ensta-paristech.fr; Zidani, Hasnaa, E-mail: Hasnaa.Zidani@ensta-paristech.fr [ENSTA ParisTech and INRIA-Saclay, Equipe COMMANDS (France)

    2013-08-01

    The present paper studies an optimal control problem governed by measure driven differential systems and in presence of state constraints. The first result shows that using the graph completion of the measure, the optimal solutions can be obtained by solving a reparametrized control problem of absolutely continuous trajectories but with time-dependent state-constraints. The second result shows that it is possible to characterize the epigraph of the reparametrized value function by a Hamilton-Jacobi equation without assuming any controllability assumption.

  15. $?$-particle condensate states in $^{16}$O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Ohkubo; Y. Hirabayashi

    2011-02-09

    The existence of a rotational band with the $\\alpha$+$^{12}$C($0_2^+$) cluster structure, in which three $\\alpha$ particles in $^{12}$C($0_2^+$) are locally condensed, is demonstrated near the four-$\\alpha$ threshold of $^{16}$O in agreement with experiment. This is achieved by studying structure and scattering for the $\\alpha$+$^{12}$C($0_2^+$) system in a unified way. A drastic reduction (quenching) of the moment of the inertia of the $0^+$ state at 15.1 MeV just above the four-$\\alpha$ threshold in $^{16}$O suggests that it could be a candidate for the superfluid state in $\\alpha$-particle condensation.

  16. Energy Conversion, Mixing Energy, and Neutral Surfaces with a Nonlinear Equation of State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nycander, Jonas

    Energy Conversion, Mixing Energy, and Neutral Surfaces with a Nonlinear Equation of State JONAS energy, it is generally assumed that it does not produce a restoring buoyancy force. However, it is here effect) such a neutral displacement is accompanied by a conversion between internal energy E

  17. Forecasting the Growth of Green Power Markets in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forecasting the Growth of Green Power Markets in the United States October 2001 · NREL/TP-620-99-GO10337 October 2001 · NREL/TP-620-30101 · LBNL-48611 Forecasting the Growth of Green Power Markets, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any

  18. Condensate and final-state effects in superfluid 4 R. T. Azuah* and W. G. Stirling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glyde, Henry R.

    Condensate and final-state effects in superfluid 4 He R. T. Azuah* and W. G. Stirling Department neutron-scattering facility, Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory. From the measurements we obtain a condensate reanalyze the data assuming that the superfluid has no condensate, i.e., n0 0, then the data requires

  19. Fault-tolerant Implementations of the Atomic-state Communication Model in Weaker Networks ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnen, Colette

    of increasing power, are called safe, regular, and atomic. Program design is easier assuming atomic registersFault-tolerant Implementations of the Atomic-state Communication Model in Weaker Networks ? Colette rather than weaker registers but the hardware implementation of an atomic register is costlier than

  20. Challenges and Opportunities To Achieve 50% Energy Savings in Homes. National Laboratory White Papers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bianchi, Marcus V.A.

    2011-07-01

    This report summarizes the key opportunities, gaps, and barriers identified by researchers from four national laboratories (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) that must be addressed to achieve the longer term 50% saving goal for Building America to ensure coordination with the Building America industry teams who are focusing their research on systems to achieve the near-term 30% savings goal. Although new construction was included, the focus of the effort was on deep energy retrofits of existing homes.

  1. Is a Machine Realization of Truly Human-Like Intelligence Achievable?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClelland, James L. "Jay"

    Is a Machine Realization of Truly Human-Like Intelligence Achievable? James L. McClelland Published a century of research on machine intelligence, humans remain far better than our strongest computing machines at a wide range of natural cognitive tasks, such as object recognition, lan- guage comprehension

  2. SUMMARY OF ACHIEVEMENT IN SCHOLARLY ACTIVITY AND CREATIVE WORK AND SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    explanations of activities. I. SCHOLARLY ACTIVITY AND CREATIVE WORK A. Publications Works in progress: WorksSUMMARY OF ACHIEVEMENT IN SCHOLARLY ACTIVITY AND CREATIVE WORK AND SERVICE FACULTY FORM Faculty of Scholarly Activity and Creative Work and Service. Use of any part of this form is optional. Sections I

  3. The OHSU Library achieved success and made progress toward both short and long term goals.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    and for the future. #12;Collections and Facilities Digital Resources Library The OHSU Digital Resources Library (drl and a new server for the Digital Resources Library. Page 2 OHSU Library Annual Report Collaborative LearningThe OHSU Library achieved success and made progress toward both short and long term goals

  4. DOI: 10.1002/cphc.200800703 How Does a Membrane Protein Achieve a Vectorial Proton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerwert, Klaus

    DOI: 10.1002/cphc.200800703 How Does a Membrane Protein Achieve a Vectorial Proton Transfer Via Water Molecules? Steffen Wolf, Erik Freier, and Klaus Gerwert*[a] Introduction How protons migrate Grotthuss[1] proposed the transfer along water molecule chains and Eigen[2] identified fast proton

  5. Ultrabroadband Photonic Structures To Achieve High-Performance Daytime Radiative Cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Shanhui

    Ultrabroadband Photonic Structures To Achieve High-Performance Daytime Radiative Cooling Eden designed, terrestrial structures can passively cool themselves through radiative emission of heat to outer space. For the first time, we present a metal-dielectric photonic structure capable of radiative cooling

  6. Estimates of achievable potential for electricity efficiency improvements in U.S. residences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Richard

    1993-05-01

    This paper investigates the potential for public policies to achieve electricity efficiency improvements in US residences. This estimate of achievable potential builds upon a database of energy-efficient technologies developed for a previous study estimating the technical potential for electricity savings. The savings potential and cost for each efficiency measure in the database is modified to reflect the expected results of policies implemented between 1990 and 2010. Factors included in these modifications are: the market penetration of efficiency measures, the costs of administering policies, and adjustments to the technical potential measures to reflect the actual energy savings and cost experienced in the past. When all adjustment factors are considered, this study estimates that policies can achieve approximately 45% of the technical potential savings during the period from 1990 to 2010. Thus, policies can potentially avoid 18% of the annual frozen-efficiency baseline electricity consumption forecast for the year 2010. This study also investigates the uncertainty in best estimate of achievable potential by estimating two alternative scenarios -- a

  7. Achieving High Throughput Ground-to-UAV Transport via Parallel Links

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kung, H. T.

    Achieving High Throughput Ground-to-UAV Transport via Parallel Links Chit-Kwan Lin, H. T. Kung in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) applications, is a challenge due to varying channel quality and extended link diversity; 802.11; link layer; transport layer; UAV; network coding I. INTRODUCTION In this paper, we focus

  8. Reliable Redundancy with Memristive-Biosensors to achieve Statistical Significance in Immunosensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thévenaz, Jacques

    Reliable Redundancy with Memristive-Biosensors to achieve Statistical Significance in Immunosensing have investigated the redundancy in array of Memristive-Biosensors and find optimum number for devices memristive biosensors in several conditions. These conditions give us relevant informa- tions about

  9. Achieving Software Quality with Testing Coverage Measures: Metrics, Tools, and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyu, Michael R.

    Achieving Software Quality with Testing Coverage Measures: Metrics, Tools, and Applications J. R of data flow testing, describes a software testing and analysis tool called ATAC, which measures the effectiveness of testing data, and presents two case studies connecting software quality with the control

  10. College of Charleston Student Achievement Institutional Effectiveness and Strategic Planning Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    College of Charleston Student Achievement Institutional Effectiveness and Strategic Planning Page 1 and Strategic Planning Page 2 3. Scores of Advanced Students and Graduates on Examinations South Carolina Praxis% Mathematics, Level 3 11% 6% 16% 8% Institutional Effectiveness and Strategic Planning 4. Employment Rate

  11. Achieving Optimality and Fairness in Autonomous Demand Response: Benchmarks and Billing Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    1 Achieving Optimality and Fairness in Autonomous Demand Response: Benchmarks and Billing Member, IEEE, and Hamed Mohsenian-Rad, Member, IEEE Abstract--Autonomous demand response (DR) programs in autonomous DR systems in a decentralized fashion. Keywords: Autonomous demand response, optimality, fairness

  12. Having trouble viewing this email? Click here to view online Meet the 2014 Alumni Achievement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    . READ MORE Plantbased plastics target of alumna Robertson's research Megan Robertson, PhD, who earned to petroleumbased plastics, or polymers. READ MORE March 915 Spring Break March 20 Alumni Achievement Awards Special Lecture VIEW MORE EVENTS the technology may help surgeons distinguish cancer cells, which glow in blue

  13. Achieving gender equality in learning outcomes: Evidence from a non-formal education program in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gee, Kevin A

    2015-01-01

    student ratios and school performance in Udaipur, India: Aperformance includes a level-1 student model, a level-2 teacher/schoolschools achieve, on average, scores on each subject area that are comparable to boys’ scores, with no discernible differential in performance

  14. Towards Achieving Linear Capacity Scaling in Wireless Networks through Directed Energy Links

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Satyajayant

    1 Towards Achieving Linear Capacity Scaling in Wireless Networks through Directed Energy Links Hong-to-linear (CTL) capacity scaling through the use of directed energy (DE) links such as laser communications links have many important applications. However, Gupta and Kumar showed that the capacity of multi

  15. Achievable Savings A Retrospective Look at the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's assumptions estimate achievable penetration rates without respect to what fraction will be acquired by utility Administration to treat energy conservation --improved efficiency of electricity use -- as a resource equal to electricity generation when planning to meet future demand for power. The Act requires Bonneville to acquire

  16. Oil Independence: Achievable National Goal or Empty Slogan? Submitted May 25, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    07--1693 Oil Independence: Achievable National Goal or Empty Slogan? Submitted May 25, 2007 Word-488-2413; email: singhm@anl.gov #12;Greene, Leiby, Patterson, Plotkin and Singh 1 ABSTRACT Oil independence has. A rigorous, measurable definition is proposed: to reduce the costs of oil dependence to less than 1% of GDP

  17. Reducing the energy consumption of the nation's buildings is essential for achieving a sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Reducing the energy consumption of the nation's buildings is essential for achieving a sustainable that improve the energy efficiency, moisture durability, and environmental sustainability of residential clean energy future and will be an enormous challenge. Buildings account for 40% of the nation's carbon

  18. Centralized Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks with Ultra Low Duty Cycle to Achieve Maximum Lifetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    Centralized Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks with Ultra Low Duty Cycle to Achieve performance because most of them are designed without considering a ultra low duty cycled environment to improve a network lifetime and a routing maintenance cost. We explain the issues of a ultra low duty

  19. Behavioral Self-Regulation and Relations to Academic Achievement across a Four Year Time Period 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerda, Carissa Analise

    2015-07-31

    grades 1 to 4 predicts growth in academic achievement across that same time span. Longitudinal growth curve modeling (LGCM) was used to obtain growth trajectories for BSR, reading, and math across grades 1 to 4. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used...

  20. The Earth Institute I Corporate Circle The latest information, tools and networks to achieve sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Earth Institute I Corporate Circle Fall 2009 The latest information, tools and networks to achieve sustainability #12;The Earth Institute I Corporate Circle STRATEGIC OPPORTUNITIES GOAL Engage and allow for flexibility in the nature and extent of engagement. The Earth Institute I Corporate Circle #12

  1. Results from D-T Experiments on TFTR and Implications for Achieving an Ignited Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    current, and the study of the confinement of energetic fusion alpha- particles have been made, interesting and important scientific and technical issues remain for achieving a magnetic fusion energy reactor to this paper. #12;-2- 1. INTRODUCTION Substantial progress has been realized in magnetic fusion science

  2. Results from DT Experiments on TFTR and Implications for Achieving an Ignited Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    current, and the study of the confinement of energetic fusion alpha­ particles have been made, interesting and important scientific and technical issues remain for achieving a magnetic fusion energy reactor to this paper. #12; ­2­ 1. INTRODUCTION Substantial progress has been realized in magnetic fusion science

  3. Adaptive control of input field to achieve desired output intensity profile in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Joseph M.

    Adaptive control of input field to achieve desired output intensity profile in multimode fiber fiber (MMF) with random mode coupling by controlling the input field distribution using a spatial light objective function. We present an adaptive sequential coordinate ascent (SCA) algorithm for controlling

  4. Dynamic remodelling of disordered protein aggregates is an alternative pathway to achieve robust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spakowitz, Andrew J.

    Dynamic remodelling of disordered protein aggregates is an alternative pathway to achieve robust interactions control clathrin assembly at short time scales resulting in either disordered protein aggregates off to form spherical cages around lipid vesicles. The clathrin then disassembles and recycles back

  5. proteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS Achieving reliability and high accuracy in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajda, Sandor

    proteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS Achieving reliability and high accuracy in automated public protein docking server in 2004, ClusPro has run over 30,000 jobs for more than 3,000 users; Revised 15 June 2010; Accepted 23 June 2010 Published online 23 July 2010 in Wiley Online Library

  6. APPEAL TO STUDENT PROGRESS APPEALS COMMITTEE TERMINATION FROM COURSE NOT ACHIEVING SATISFACTORY COURSE PROGRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mucina, Ladislav

    APPEAL TO STUDENT PROGRESS APPEALS COMMITTEE TERMINATION FROM COURSE NOT ACHIEVING SATISFACTORY COURSE PROGRESS This form is to be used to lodge an appeal against the decision to terminate you from ID Student Name Course Code and Name Faculty Year and Study Period of Termination Citizenship status

  7. Title: Achieving Proportional Delay Differentiation in Wireless LAN via Cross-Layer Scheduling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahrstedt, Klara

    Title: Achieving Proportional Delay Differentiation in Wireless LAN via Cross-Layer Scheduling by introducing the concept of proportional service differentiation, to the domain of wireless network and focuses on providing proportional delay differentiation in wireless LANs. Due to the unique characteristic

  8. ACHIEVING "GREEN" CONCRETE THROUGH THE USE OF HIGH PERFORMANCE FIBER REINFORCED CONCRETE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, Shih-Ho

    permeability, cracking and subsequent damage. Deterioration of concrete from commonly encountered environmental1 ACHIEVING "GREEN" CONCRETE THROUGH THE USE OF HIGH PERFORMANCE FIBER REINFORCED CONCRETE Shih-Ho Chao1 , A. M., ASCE ABSTRACT Concrete is one of the most widely used materials for infrastructure all

  9. The Effects of the TI-Navigator System on Student Achievement (Algebra I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Eve Syrkin

    The Effects of the TI-Navigator System on Student Achievement (Algebra I) Demographics of Sample (n in student understanding and attitudes when technology was used in Algebra I. 2. Used two types of technology and warranted. Other technologies could also be compared and developed to contribute to algebra students

  10. Channel Capacity and Achievable Rates of Peak Power Limited AWGNC, and their Applications to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikeda, Shiro

    of the framework is how to design the switching strategy. In this paper, we discuss the practical strategy for AMCChannel Capacity and Achievable Rates of Peak Power Limited AWGNC, and their Applications white Gaussian noise channel (AWGNC). For the constraint, we focus on the peak power instead

  11. The Effects of School-Based Mentoring on Student Achievement for Junior High School Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnautz, Bradley Michael

    2014-08-26

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the ISAGE program, a school-based mentoring program designed to facilitate the achievement of junior high school students who were deemed “at-risk.” Participants included a total of 72...

  12. Achievable performance of multivariable systems with unstable zeros and poles K. HAVRE{{ and S. SKOGESTAD{*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Achievable performance of multivariable systems with unstable zeros and poles K. HAVRE{{ and S) zeros and poles in multivariable feedback systems. We generalize previously known controller depend on the plant G. The bounds are tight for cases with only one RHP-zero or pole. For plants with RHP

  13. Nozick's minimal state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Darrell James

    1995-01-01

    In his book, Anarchy , State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick argues that the only state that can be justified is the minimal state, a state limited to providing protection for all its citizens. Nozick explains how a minimal state could naturally develop...

  14. Efficiency in Quantum Key Distribution Protocols using entangled Gaussian states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carles Rodó

    2010-05-14

    Efficiency is a key issue in any real implementation of a cryptographic protocol since the physical resources are not unlimited. We will first show that Quantum Key Distribution is possible with an "Entanglement based" scheme with NPPT symmetric Gaussian states in spite of the fact that these systems cannot be distilled with Gaussian operations (they are all bound entangled). In this work we analyze the secrecy properties of Gaussian states under Gaussian operations. Although such operations are useless for quantum distillation, we prove that it is possible to distill efficiently a secret key secure against finite coherent attacks from sufficiently entangled Gaussian states with non-positive partial transposition. Moreover, all such states allow for efficient key distillation, when the eavesdropper is assumed to perform individual attacks before in an efficient way.

  15. X-ray spectral states of microquasars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien Malzac; Renaud Belmont

    2008-10-25

    We discuss the origin of the dramatically different X-ray spectral shapes observed in the Low Hard State (LHS: dominated by thermal comptonisation) and the High Soft State (HSS: dominated by the accretion disc thermal emission and non-thermal comptonisation in the corona). We present numerical simulations using a new code accounting for the so-called synchrotron boiler effect. These numerical simulations when compared to the data allow us to constrain the magnetic field and temperature of the hot protons in the corona. For the hard state of Cygnus X-1 we find a magnetic field below equipartition with radiation, suggesting that the corona is not powered through magnetic field dissipation (as assumed in most accretion disc corona models). On the other hand, our results also point toward proton temperatures that are substantially lower than typical temperatures of the ADAF models. Finally, we show that in both spectral states Comptonising plasma could be powered essentially through power-law acceleration of non-thermal electrons, which are then partly thermalised by the synchrotron and Coulomb boiler. This suggests that, contrary to current beliefs, the corona of the HSS and that of the LHS could be of very similar nature. The differences between the LHS and HSS coronal spectra would then be predominantly caused by the strong disc soft cooling emission which is present in the HSS and absent in the LHS.

  16. Thermal and Residual Excited-State Population in a 3D Transmon Qubit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, X.?Y.

    Remarkable advancements in coherence and control fidelity have been achieved in recent years with cryogenic solid-state qubits. Nonetheless, thermalizing such devices to their milliKelvin environments has remained a ...

  17. Renewable Electricity Futures: Exploration of Up to 80% Renewable Electricity Penetration in the United States (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, M.; DeMeo, E.; Hostick, D.; Mai, T.; Schlosser, C. A.

    2013-04-01

    This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

  18. San Francisco State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ovchinnikov, Sergei

    San Francisco State University Multi-Hazard Emergency Operations Plan August 2014 Preparedness Response Recovery Mitigation #12;BLANK PAGE #12;Preface #12;BLANK PAGE #12;San Francisco State University.........................................................................................................vi Profile of San Francisco State University

  19. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range symposium dealing with this subject in the western United States, the papers presented address current ........................................................................................................................................ 1 Annosus Root Disease in Europe and the Southeastern United States: Occurrence, Research

  20. Are Quantum States Subjective?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. K. Pradhan

    2012-02-22

    The subjective nature of the quantum states is brought out and it is argued that the objective state assignment is subsequent to the subjective state of the observer regarding his state of knowledge about the system. The collapse postulate is examined in detail to bring out the inherent subjectivity of the quantum state. The role of doubt and faith in quantum state assignment is examined.

  1. PERMITTING LEADERSHIP IN THE UNITED STATES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Nemeth

    2002-09-01

    In accordance with the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) proposal, as incorporated into NETL/DE-FC26-97FT34199, the objective of this agreement is to streamline the environmental technology permitting process site-to-site, state-to-state, and industry-to-industry to achieve remediation and waste processing faster, better and cheaper. SSEB is working with member Governors, legislators and regulators to build consensus on streamlining the permitting process for new and innovative technologies for addressing the legacy of environmental problems from 50 years of weapons research, development and production. This report reviews mechanisms whereby industry consortiums and the Department of Energy (DOE) have been working with State regulators and other officials in technology deployment decisions within the DOE complex. The historic development of relationships with State regulators is reviewed and the current nature of the relationships examined. The report contains observations from internal DOE reviews as well as recommendations from the General Accounting Office (GAO) and other external organizations. The report discusses reorganization initiatives leading up to a DOE Top-to-Bottom review of the Environmental Management (EM) Program and highlights points of consideration for maintaining effective linkages with State regulators. It notes how the proposed changes will place new demands upon the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and how NETL can leverage its resources by refocusing existing EM efforts specifically to states that have DOE facilities within their borders (host-states). Finally, the report discusses how SSEB's Permitting Leadership in the United States (PLUS) program can provide the foundation for elements of NETL's technical assistance program that are delivered to regulators and other decision- makers in host-states. As a regional compact commission, SSEB provides important direct linkages to regulators and stakeholders who need technical assistance to evaluate DOE's cleanup plans. In addition, the PLUS program has facilitated the involvement of key regulators from host-states beyond the Southern region.

  2. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    A United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station General, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

  3. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General acrossthe United States provide estimates of the amount of erosion reductionon forest roadsfrom

  4. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Changlu

    United States Department of Agriculture Rural Business- Cooperative Service Research Report 157, concentration, globalization, agency theory Cooperatives in a Changing Global Food System United States

  5. Challenges and Opportunities To Achieve 50% Energy Savings in Homes: National Laboratory White Papers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bianchi, M. V. A.

    2011-07-01

    In 2010, researchers from four of the national laboratories involved in residential research (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) were asked to prepare papers focusing on the key longer term research challenges, market barriers, and technology gaps that must be addressed to achieve the longer term 50% saving goal for Building America to ensure coordination with the Building America industry teams who are focusing their research on systems to achieve the near-term 30% savings goal. Although new construction was included, the focus of the effort was on deep energy retrofits of existing homes. This report summarizes the key opportunities, gaps, and barriers identified in the national laboratory white papers.

  6. Some practical limits on achievable precision of determination of nuclear-physics parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Sukhovoj; V. A. Khitrov

    2011-05-24

    The status of experiments on determination of level density and partial widths of the nuclear reaction products emission in diapason of nucleon binding energy is presented. There are analyzed the sources and magnitude of probable systematical uncertainties of their determination. The maximally achievable precision of these parameters is estimated, as well. There is considered ability of new method for determination of distribution parameters of neutron resonances reduced widths in order to distinguish their groups with the same structure of wave functions. It was obtained in both cases that the insufficient value of maximally achievable precision of the parameters of the experimental data analysis does not allow one to obtain reliable and detailed information on the studied nuclear properties -- its entropy, strength functions of nuclear products emission and dominant level structure above 0.5Bn.

  7. Challenges to achievement of metal sustainability in our high-tech society

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izatt, Reed M.; Izatt, Steven R.; Bruening, Ronald L.; Izatt, Neil; Moyer, Bruce A

    2014-01-01

    Achievement of sustainability in metal life cycles from mining of virgin ore to consumer and industrial devices to end-of-life products requires greatly increased recycling and improved processing of metals. Electronic and other high-tech products containing precious, toxic, and specialty metals usually have short lifetimes and low recycling rates. Products containing these metals generally are incinerated, discarded as waste in landfills, or dismantled in informal recycling using crude and environmentally irresponsible procedures. Low metal recycling rates coupled with increasing demand for products containing them necessitate increased mining with attendant environmental, health, energy, water, and carbon-footprint consequences. In this tutorial review, challenges to achieving metal sustainability in present high-tech society are presented; health, environmental, and economic incentives for various stakeholders to improve metal sustainability are discussed; a case for technical improvements in separations technology, especially employing molecular recognition, is given; and global consequences of continuing on the present path are examined.

  8. Empowering Employees to Design a Department Structure to Achieve Corporate Goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Paul D.

    2007-12-14

    Engineering Management Field Project Empowering Employees to Design a Department Structure to Achieve Corporate Goals By Paul D. Peterson Fall Semester, 2007 An EMGT Field Project report submitted to the Engineering... Engineering Meeting………………………………………. 30 4.4 Stage 3: Solicited Management for Goals…...………………….................. 32 4.5 Stage 4: Analyzed Current Goals and Held Meeting with Engineering Department on Current Structure…………………………………………... 35 4.6 Stage...

  9. Refinery Furnaces Retrofit with Gas Turbines Achieve Both Energy Savings and Emission Reductions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giacobbe, F.; Iaquaniello, G.; Minet, R. G.; Pietrogrande, P.

    1985-01-01

    RETROFIT WITH GAS TURBINES ACHIEVE BOTH ENERGY SAVINGS AND EMISSION REDUCTIONS F. Giacobbe*, G. Iaquaniello**, R. G. Minet*, P. Pietrogrande* *KTI Corp., Research and Development Division, Monrovia, California **KTI SpA., Rome, Italy ABSTRACT... Integrating gas turbines with refinery furnaces can be a cost effective means of reducing NO emissions while also generating electricity ~t an attractive heat rate. Design considerations and system costs are presented. INTRODUCTION Petroleum refining...

  10. Commissioning, Operation, Real Time Monitoring and Evaluation of Pilot: Achieving Optimal Performance through Building Commissioning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang,X.; Piette, M.A.; Hao,B.

    2014-01-01

    CONSORTIUM U.S. - CHINA CLEAN ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER (CERC-BEE) E3: Commissioning, Operation, Real Time Monitoring and Evaluation of Pilot Achieving Optimal Performance through Building Commissioning Xiufeng Pang, Mary Ann Piette, Bin Hao Interface... to demo projects to ensure that the CERC-BEE demonstrated technologies work properly and are integrated with the rest of the building systems • Review the Cx plans for the two demo projects, the CABR building and the Xingye building. • Develop optimal...

  11. Discrimination between pure states and mixed states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chi Zhang; Guoming Wang; Mingsheng Ying

    2007-02-09

    In this paper, we discuss the problem of determining whether a quantum system is in a pure state, or in a mixed state. We apply two strategies to settle this problem: the unambiguous discrimination and the maximum confidence discrimination. We also proved that the optimal versions of both strategies are equivalent. The efficiency of the discrimination is also analyzed. This scheme also provides a method to estimate purity of quantum states, and Schmidt numbers of composed systems.

  12. FEMP's O & M Best Practices Guide: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Gregory P. ); Melendez, Aldo P. ); Pugh, Ray )

    2002-10-01

    FEMP's O & M Best Practices Guide (O & M BPG) highlights O & M programs targeting energy efficiency that are estimated to save between 5% and 20% on energy bills without a significant capital investment. Depending on the Federal site, these savings can represent thousands to hundreds-of-thousands of dollars each year, and many can be achieved with minimal cash outlays. In addition to energy/resource savings, a well-run O & M program will (1)increase the safety of all staff because properly maintained equipment is safer equipment; (2)ensure the comfort, health and safety of building occupants through properly functioning equipment providing a healthy indoor environment; (3)confirm the design life expectancy of equipment is achieved; and (4)facilitate the compliance with Federal legislation such as the Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act. The focus of this guide is to provide the Federal O & M/Energy manager and practitioner with information and actions aimed at achieving these savings and benefits. The O & M BPG was developed under the direction of the Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP).

  13. State Energy Risk Assessment Initiative - State Energy Risk Profiles...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Mission Energy Infrastructure Modeling and Analysis State Energy Risk Assessment Initiative - State Energy Risk Profiles State Energy Risk Assessment Initiative - State...

  14. Using RPS Policies to Grow the Solar Market in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, Ryan H; Wiser, Ryan H.

    2007-11-20

    The market for photovoltaics in the United States remains small relative to the nation's solar resource potential. Nonetheless, annual grid-connected PV installations have grown from just 4 MW in 2000 to over 100 MW in 2006, fast enough to the catch the attention of the global solar industry. The state of California deserves much of the credit for this growth. The State's historical rebate programs resulted in roughly 75% of the nation's grid-connected PV additions from 2000 through 2006 being located in California, and the $3 billion California Solar Initiative will ensure that the State remains a mainstay of the US solar industry for years to come. But California is not the only market for solar in the US; other states have recently developed policies that may rival those of the western state in terms of future growth potential. In particular, 25 states, as well as Washington, D.C., have established renewables portfolio standards (RPS), sometimes called quota systems in Europe, requiring electricity suppliers in those states to source a minimum portion of their need from renewable electricity. (Because a national RPS is not yet in place, my focus here is on state policies). Under many of these state policies, solar is not expected to fare particularly well: PV installations simply cannot compete on cost or scale with large wind plants in the US, at least not yet. In response, an expanding list of states have established solar or distributed generation (DG) set-asides within their RPS policies, effectively requiring that some fraction of RPS-driven supply derive from solar energy. The popularity of set-asides for solar and/or DG has increased dramatically in recent years. Already, 11 states and D.C. have developed such RPS set-asides. These include states with outstanding solar resources, such as Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico, as well as areas where the solar resource is less robust, including North Carolina, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, New Hampshire, Delaware, and DC. Among those states with set-asides, two are restricted to PV applications, nine also allow solar-thermal electric to qualify, three allow solar heating and/or cooling to qualify, and three have broader renewable DG set-asides. The policies also differ in their targets and timeframes, whether projects must be located in-state, the application of cost caps, and the degree of oversight on how suppliers contract with solar projects. Only three of these states have more than two years of experience with solar or DG set-asides so far: Arizona, Nevada, and New Jersey. And yet, despite the embryonic stage of these policies, they have already begun to have a significant impact on the grid-connected PV market. From 2000-2006, 16% (or 48 MW) of grid-connected PV installations in the US occurred in states with such set-asides, a percentage that increases to 67% if one only considers PV additions outside of California. The importance of these programs is growing and will continue to expand. In fact, if one assumes (admittedly somewhat optimistically) that these policies will be fully achieved, then existing state solar or DG set-asides could result in 400 MW of solar capacity by 2010, 2,000 MW by 2015, and 6,500 MW by 2025. This equates to annual additions of roughly 100 MW through 2010, increasing to over 500 MW per year by 2015 and 700 MW per year by 2020. PV is not assured of all of this capacity, and will receive strong competition from solar-thermal electric facilities in the desert southwest. Nonetheless, set-asides in those states outside of the southwest will favor PV, and even some of the southwestern states have designed their RPS programs to ensure that PV fares well, relative to other forms of solar energy. Since 2000, Arizona and, more recently, New Jersey have represented the largest solar set-aside-driven PV markets. Even more-recent additions are coming from Colorado, Nevada, New York, and Pennsylvania. In the long-term, the largest markets for solar electricity are predicted to include New Jersey, Maryland, Arizona, and P

  15. Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki State on a Honeycomb Lattice is a Universal Quantum Computational Resource

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzu-Chieh Wei; Ian Affleck; Robert Raussendorf

    2011-02-24

    Universal quantum computation can be achieved by simply performing single-qubit measurements on a highly entangled resource state, such as cluster states. The family of Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki states has recently been intensively explored and shown to provide restricted computation. Here, we show that the two-dimensional Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki state on a honeycomb lattice is a universal resource for measurement-based quantum computation.

  16. Ongoing Space Nuclear Systems Development in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S. Bragg-Sitton; J. Werner; S. Johnson; Michael G. Houts; Donald T. Palac; Lee S. Mason; David I. Poston; A. Lou Qualls

    2011-10-01

    Reliable, long-life power systems are required for ambitious space exploration missions. Nuclear power and propulsion options can enable a bold, new set of missions and introduce propulsion capabilities to achieve access to science destinations that are not possible with more conventional systems. Space nuclear power options can be divided into three main categories: radioisotope power for heating or low power applications; fission power systems for non-terrestrial surface application or for spacecraft power; and fission power systems for electric propulsion or direct thermal propulsion. Each of these areas has been investigated in the United States since the 1950s, achieving various stages of development. While some nuclear systems have achieved flight deployment, others continue to be researched today. This paper will provide a brief overview of historical space nuclear programs in the U.S. and will provide a summary of the ongoing space nuclear systems research, development, and deployment in the United States.

  17. Communication constraints in the state agreement problem Ruggero Carli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceragioli, Francesca

    Communication constraints in the state agreement problem Ruggero Carli Fabio Fagnani Alberto and communication theory is becoming of fundamental importance in many distributed control systems. Particular of autonomous mobile agents in order to achieve a common task, communication constraints impose limits

  18. Iowa State Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iowa State Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2002 Introduction Research programs and TMDL approaches. Technical Report # TMDL-01/0003. Department of Agricultural & Biosystems for achieving and enforcing water quality standards. However, Congress recognized that technology-based effluent

  19. Colorado State University Colorado State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits medicine. Colorado State University has a unique mission in the state of Colorado. The land-grant concept global environment, and has a commitment to excellence in international education in all its

  20. Prioritizing Acquisition Pathways in the State Level Concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Chantell L.; Budlong-Sylvester, Kory; Pilat, Joseph F.

    2012-06-27

    The International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Department of Safeguards has launched a project to further develop the State-level concept for the planning, implementation, and evaluation of safeguards activities. In order to further evolve the safeguards system an emphasis is placed on integrating inspection-related activities and the State evaluation process to draw safeguards conclusions in the most efficient way. The credible implementation of acquisition pathway analysis is central to the success of the IAEA's State-level concept. NNSA's Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security (NA-241) The Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) is sponsoring Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to produce a study that will examine the use of acquisition pathway analysis in: (1) Developing a State-specific, State-level approach (SLA) and Annual Implementation Plan (AIP); (2) Maximizing the utility of the physical model; and (3) Supporting resource allocation decisions through a pathway prioritization. To deal with the challenge of developing an effective and efficient SLA, this study looks at: (1) Prioritizing proliferation pathways based on an assessment of a State's capabilities and assumed proliferation strategies; and (2) Relevant State behavior (e.g., transparency, cooperation, etc.) while avoiding subjective judgments about States themselves. The study makes use of case studies and concrete examples in order to illustrate how new concepts and approaches will be implemented, and how they may differ from more traditional safeguards approaches.

  1. Adaptive characterization of coherent states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markku P. V. Stenberg; Kevin Pack; Frank K. Wilhelm

    2015-08-18

    We present methods for efficient characterization of an optical coherent state $|\\alpha\\rangle$. We choose measurement settings adaptively and stochastically, based on data while it is collected. Our algorithm divides the estimation in two distinct steps: (i) Before the first detection of vacuum state, the probability of choosing a measurement setting is proportional to detecting vacuum with the setting, which makes using too similar measurement settings twice unlikely and (ii) after the first detection of vacuum, we focus measurements in the region where vacuum is most likely to be detected. In step (i) [(ii)] the detection of vacuum (a photon) has a significantly larger effect on the shape of the posterior probability distribution of $\\alpha$. Compared to nonadaptive schemes, our method makes the number of measurement shots required to achieve certain level of accuracy smaller approximately by a factor proportional to the area describing the initial uncertainty of $\\alpha$ in phase space. While this algorithm is not directly robust against readout errors, we make it such by introducing repeated measurements in the step (i).

  2. Smaller Classes and Student Achievement: Three Papers Exploring the Class Size Effect 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Courtney

    2011-08-08

    This dissertation analyzes the effect of smaller classes on student performance using student-level test score data from the state of Texas, focusing on three specific issues: heterogeneity in the returns to smaller classes across a score...

  3. LEED-EB: How to Achieve Certification and Reduce Operating Costs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iczkowski, E.

    2005-01-01

    Is the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design program (LEED) delivering actual energy savings? This study addresses that question with a post-occupancy assessment of 121 LEED buildings across the United State. Input to the study consisted...

  4. Reducing GHG emissions in the United States' transportation sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Sujit [ORNL; Andress, David A [ORNL; Nguyen, Tien [U.S. DOE

    2011-01-01

    Reducing GHG emissions in the U.S. transportation sector requires both the use of highly efficient propulsion systems and low carbon fuels. This study compares reduction potentials that might be achieved in 2060 for several advanced options including biofuels, hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV), assuming that technical and cost reduction targets are met and necessary fueling infrastructures are built. The study quantifies the extent of the reductions that can be achieved through increasing engine efficiency and transitioning to low-carbon fuels separately. Decarbonizing the fuels is essential for achieving large reductions in GHG emissions, and the study quantifies the reductions that can be achieved over a range of fuel carbon intensities. Although renewables will play a vital role, some combination of coal gasification with carbon capture and sequestration, and/or nuclear energy will likely be needed to enable very large reductions in carbon intensities for hydrogen and electricity. Biomass supply constraints do not allow major carbon emission reductions from biofuels alone; the value of biomass is that it can be combined with other solutions to help achieve significant results. Compared with gasoline, natural gas provides 20% reduction in GHG emissions in internal combustion engines and up to 50% reduction when used as a feedstock for producing hydrogen or electricity, making it a good transition fuel for electric propulsion drive trains. The material in this paper can be useful information to many other countries, including developing countries because of a common factor: the difficulty of finding sustainable, low-carbon, cost-competitive substitutes for petroleum fuels.

  5. A photonic cluster state machine gun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netanel H. Lindner; Terry Rudolph

    2009-08-23

    We present a method to convert certain single photon sources into devices capable of emitting large strings of photonic cluster state in a controlled and pulsed "on demand" manner. Such sources would greatly reduce the resources required to achieve linear optical quantum computation. Standard spin errors, such as dephasing, are shown to affect only 1 or 2 of the emitted photons at a time. This allows for the use of standard fault tolerance techniques, and shows that the photonic machine gun can be fired for arbitrarily long times. Using realistic parameters for current quantum dot sources, we conclude high entangled-photon emission rates are achievable, with Pauli-error rates per photon of less than 0.2%. For quantum dot sources the method has the added advantage of alleviating the problematic issues of obtaining identical photons from independent, non-identical quantum dots, and of exciton dephasing.

  6. Little-Known Truths, Quirky Anecdotes, Seething Scandals, and Even Some Science in the History of (Primarily Achievement) Motivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiner, B

    2013-01-01

    of (Primarily Achievement) Motivation This article examinesthe history of motivation psychology from the start of thegrowth of the science of motivation. Also, the connections

  7. Film awards as indicators of cinematic creativity and achievement: A quantitative comparison of the Oscars and six alternatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simonton, Dean Keith

    2004-01-01

    in the feature film: Cinematic components predicting theCreative clus- ters and cinematic success in 1,327 featureexhibited superlative cinematic creativity or achievement.

  8. Selective Monoterpene-like Cyclization Reactions Achieved by Water Exclusion from Reactive Intermediates in a Supramolecular Catalyst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart-Cooper, William

    2014-01-01

    9  has  been  observed when water is absent.   (31)  For the  exclusion  of  water  from  reactive  intermediates Reactions Achieved by Water Exclusion from Reactive

  9. The newest achievements of studies on the reutilization, treatment, and disposal technology of hazardous wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Peizhe [Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing (China)

    1996-12-31

    From 1991 to 1996, key studies on the reutilization, treatment, and disposal technology of hazardous wastes have been incorporated into the national plan for environmental protection science and technology. At present, the research achievements have been accomplished, have passed national approval, and have been accepted. The author of this paper, as leader of the national group for this research work, expounds the newest achievements of the studies involving four parts: (1) the reutilization technology of electroplating sludge, including the ion-exchange process for recovering the sludge and waste liquor for producing chromium tanning agent and extracting chromium and colloidal protein from tanning waste residue; on the recovery of heavy metals from the electroplating waste liquor with microbic purification; on the demonstration project of producing modified plastics from the sludge and the waste plastics; and on the demonstration of the recovery of heavy metals from waste electroplating sludge by using the ammonia-leaching process; (2) the demonstrative research of reutilization technology of chromium waste residues, including production of self-melting ore and smelting of chromium-containing pig iron, and of pyrolytic detoxification of the residue with cyclone furnace; (3) the incineration technology of hazardous wastes with successful results of the industrial incinerator system for polychlorinated biphenyls; and (4) the safety landfill technology for disposal of hazardous wastes, with a complete set of technology for pretreatment, selection of the site, development of the antipercolating materials, and design and construction of the landfill. Only a part of the achievements is introduced in this paper, most of which has been built and is being operated for demonstration to further spreading application and accumulate experience. 6 refs., 7 figs., 6 tabs.

  10. Achieving Effective Risk Management Reduction Throughout Decommissioning at the Columbus Closure Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, K.D. [Environmental Chemical Corporation (United States)

    2006-07-01

    Nuclear facility decontamination, dismantlement, and demolition activities provide a myriad of challenges along the path to reaching a safe, effective, and compliant decommissioning. Among the challenges faced during decommissioning, is the constant management and technical effort to eliminate, mitigate, or minimize the potential of risks of radiation exposures and other hazards to the worker, the surrounding community, and the environment. Management strategies to eliminate, mitigate, or minimize risks include incorporating strong safety and As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) principles into an integrated work planning process. Technical and operational strategies may include utilizing predictive risk analysis tools to establish contamination limits for demolition and using remote handling equipment to reduce occupational and radiation exposures to workers. ECC and E2 Closure Services, LLC (Closure Services) have effectively utilized these management and technical tools to eliminate, mitigate, and reduce radiation exposures under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for the decontamination and decommissioning Columbus Closure Project (CCP). In particular, Closure Services achieved significant dose reduction during the dismantling, decontamination, and demolition activities for Building JN-1. Management strategies during the interior dismantlement, decontamination, and demolition of the facility demanded an integrated work planning processes that involved project disciplines. Integrated planning processes identified multiple opportunities to incorporate the use of remote handling equipment during the interior dismantling and demolition activities within areas of high radiation. Technical strategies employed predictive risk analysis tools to set upper bounding contamination limits, allowed for the radiological demolition of the building without exceeding administrative dose limits to the worker, general public, and the environment. Adhering to management and technical strategies during the dismantlement, decontamination, and demolition of Building JN-1 enabled Closure Services to achieve strong ALARA performance, maintain absolute compliance under the regulatory requirements and meeting licensing conditions for decommissioning. (authors)

  11. Athletic behavior and achievement orientations of female adolescents: a black-white comparative analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, James A

    1976-01-01

    Cha1rman of Advisory Comm1ttee: Dr. J. Steven Picou The primary objective of th1s thesis was to determine the rela- tionsh1p between athletic participation and female ach1evement orien- tations. Spec1f1cally, the study focused on the relat1onship... was that black females, both athletes and nonathletes, had stronger materialist1c orientations and were more willing to defer grat1f1cation for future career achievements than the1r white counter- parts. The theoretical implications of these results...

  12. Mathematical and numerical models to achieve high speed with special-purpose parallel processors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, H.S.; Wulff, W.; Mallen, A.N.

    1986-07-01

    One simulation facility that has been developed is the BNL Plant Analyzer, currently set up for BWR plant simulations at up to seven times faster than real-time process speeds. The principal hardware components of the BNL Plant Analyzer are two units of special-purpose parallel processors, the AD10 of Applied Dynamics International and a PDP-11/34 host computer. The AD10 is specifically designed for time-critical system simulations, utilizing the modern parallel processing technology with pipeline architecture. The simulator employs advanced modeling techniques and efficient integration techniques in conjunction with the parallel processors to achieve high speed performance.

  13. Using LGI experiments to achieve better understanding of pedestal-edge coupling in NSTX-U

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Zhehui

    2015-02-23

    PowerPoint presentation. Latest advances in granule or dust injection technologies, fast and high-resolution imaging, together with micro-/nano-structured material fabrication, provide new opportunities to examine plasma-material interaction (PMI) in magnetic fusion environment. Some of our previous work in these areas is summarized. The upcoming LGI experiments in NSTX-U will shed new light on granular matter transport in the pedestal-edge region. In addition to particle control, these results can also be used for code validation and achieving better understanding of pedestal-edge coupling in fusion plasmas in both NSTX-U and others.

  14. Academic Achievement of K-12 Students With Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, J. Ron; Benner, Gregory J.; Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Smith, Benjamin W.

    2004-01-01

    to be relatively representative in terms of severity of problem behaviors of the pop- 6 2 Fall 2004 at i I I I so "T oo CN ^ O SO ^ M oo 1/N rs rn • ^ 00 fN bo ys ) - l/N 00 oO ;^ so 3 bo ys ; 2 gir ls) ON ON CN SO CN oo •^ o r-- so oo (12 bo ys ; 2 gi rls...Grew, K. S., & Mather, N, (2001). Woodcock-Johnson HI Tests of Achievement. Itasca, IL: Riverside, ABOUT THE AUTHORS J. RON NELSON (CEC #060), Co-Directot and Associate Professor, Center for At-Risk Children's Services, University of Nebraska, Lincoln...

  15. Two steps forward, one step back: Race/ethnicity and student achievement in education policy research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Bruce D.; Keller-Wolff, Christine; Wolf-Wendel, Lisa E.

    2000-09-01

    .S. Department of Health Education and Welfare: Washington, DC. Cooper, B.S., Cilo, M.R., Baker, B.D. (2000) Bridging the Gap between School and College: An Analysis of K-16 Education in New York City. Paper Presented at The Annual Meeting of the American... at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA. Gamoran, A., Porter, A.C., Smithson, J., White, P. (1997) Upgrading High School Mathematics Instruction: Improving Learning Opportunities for Low-Achieving, Low...

  16. What is the state of the Early Universe?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samir D. Mathur

    2008-03-27

    As we follow our Universe to early times, we find that matter was crushed to high densities, somewhat similar to the behavior at a black hole singularity. String theory has made progress in explaining the internal structure of black holes, so we would like to extrapolate the ideas learnt from black holes to the early Universe. If we assume that we want the most probable state of the Universe at early times, then we should look at the kind of state that describes a generic black hole. This suggests a definite equation of state for the matter in the early Universe. Quantum effects can stretch across macroscopic distances in black holes, and these might be important in understanding the early Universe as well.

  17. Molecular heat pump for rotational states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Lazarou; M. Keller; B. M. Garraway

    2010-01-25

    In this work we investigate the theory for three different uni-directional population transfer schemes in trapped multilevel systems which can be utilized to cool molecular ions. The approach we use exploits the laser-induced coupling between the internal and motional degrees of freedom so that the internal state of a molecule can be mapped onto the motion of that molecule in an external trapping potential. By sympathetically cooling the translational motion back into its ground state the mapping process can be employed as part of a cooling scheme for molecular rotational levels. This step is achieved through a common mode involving a laser-cooled atom trapped alongside the molecule. For the coherent mapping we will focus on adiabatic passage techniques which may be expected to provide robust and efficient population transfers. By applying far-detuned chirped adiabatic rapid passage pulses we are able to achieve an efficiency of better than 98% for realistic parameters and including spontaneous emission. Even though our main focus is on cooling molecular states, the analysis of the different adiabatic methods has general features which can be applied to atomic systems.

  18. Flavour independent search for Higgs bosons decaying into hadronic final states in e^(+)e^(?)e^(+)e^(?) collisions at LEP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Graham Wallace; OPAL Collaboration; Abbiendi, G.; Ainsley, C.; Å kesson, P.F.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Amaral, P.; Anagnostou, G.; Anderson, K.J.; Arcelli, S.

    2004-09-02

    A search for the Higgsstrahlung process e^(+)e^(?)?hZ is described, where the neutral Higgs boson h is assumed to decay into hadronic final states. In order to be sensitive to a broad range of models, the search is performed independent...

  19. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station Research, and export from 1997 to 2010, for main world regions and the United States. Detailed tables by country

  20. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station Research Paper-Central United States (Monserud and Ek 1977; Monserud 1987). This model was used within the framework of FOREST

  1. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates for U.S. Field Crops million acres of barley were harvested in the United States (U.S.) during 1996. After reaching a peak

  2. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station Research, import, and export from 1997 to 2010, for main world regions and the United States. Detailed tables

  3. Optimized dynamical control of state transfer through noisy spin chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analia Zwick; Gonzalo A. Alvarez; Guy Bensky; Gershon Kurizki

    2015-01-09

    We propose a method of optimally controlling the tradeoff of speed and fidelity of state transfer through a noisy quantum channel (spin-chain). This process is treated as qubit state-transfer through a fermionic bath. We show that dynamical modulation of the boundary-qubits levels can ensure state transfer with the best tradeoff of speed and fidelity. This is achievable by dynamically optimizing the transmission spectrum of the channel. The resulting optimal control is robust against both static and fluctuating noise in the channel's spin-spin couplings. It may also facilitate transfer in the presence of diagonal disorder (on site energy noise) in the channel.

  4. States & Emerging Energy Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on States & Emerging Energy Technologies.

  5. AASG STATE GDR

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003198MLTPL00 AASG State Geothermal Data Repository for the National Geothermal Data System.  http://repository.stategeothermaldata.org/repository/ 

  6. SmartTunnel: Achieving Reliability in the Internet Yi Li, Yin Zhang, LiLi Qiu, Simon Lam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Lili

    1 SmartTunnel: Achieving Reliability in the Internet Yi Li, Yin Zhang, LiLi Qiu, Simon Lam's Internet. In this paper, we propose SmartTunnel, an end-to-end approach to achieving reliability. A SmartTunnel is a logical point-to-point tunnel between two end points that spans multiple physical network paths

  7. Sustainability Cal State Fullerton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Study Group October 28, 2008 #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Safety Sally Yassine Contracts & Procurement #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from

  8. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

  9. Engineering United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bledsoe, Brian

    Schultze, State Biologist, SCS, Davis, CA Arthur Sherman, Wetland Ecologist, ManTech Env. Technology, Inc., EPA Environmental Research Laboratory, Corvallis, OR Bob Snieckus, Landscape Architect, SCS, Davis, CA Wayne Talbot, Assistant State Conservation Engineer, SCS, Alexandria, LA Bill Welker, State Biologist

  10. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General Estimates for Forest Types of the United States James E. Smith Linda S. Heath Kenneth E. Skog Richard A forest types within 10 regions of the United States. Separate tables were developed for afforestation

  11. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General,000 xylem resin samples of pine (Pinus) species and hybrids--largely from the western United States locations in the eastern and southern United States. Cover Image: Chapter 6, Figure 6-2. #12;Xylem

  12. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holberton, Rebecca L.

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General Technical Report NE-318 Atlas of Climate Change Effects in 150 Bird Species of the Eastern United States Service 359 Main Road Delaware, OH 43015 USA #12;United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service

  13. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station Research Paper NE-722 James E. Smith Linda S. Heath A Model of Forest Floor Carbon Mass for United States Forest contiguous United States. Manuscript received for publication 22 April 2002 #12;A Model of Forest Floor

  14. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Southern Research Station General Technical United States. In: Rauscher, H. Michael, and Kurt Johnsen, eds. Southern forest science: past, present Trends in the Southern United States Robert A. Mickler, James E. Smith, and Linda S. Heath1 Abstract

  15. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General reported in USDA Forest Service surveys for forests of the conterminous United States. Developed for use estimates are provided for regional tree-mass totals using summary forest statistics for the United States

  16. United States Nuclear Regulatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission United States Department of Energy United States.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Washington, DC 20555-0001 E-mail: DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov Facsimile: 301; and Commission papers and their attachments. NRC publications in the NUREG series, NRC regulations, and Title 10

  17. Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Environmental Energy Technologies Division March 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satchwell, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards AndrewAchievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standardsthe same as an Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS).

  18. Dissipative production of a maximally entangled steady state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Lin; J. P. Gaebler; F. Reiter; T. R. Tan; R. Bowler; A. S. Sørensen; D. Leibfried; D. J. Wineland

    2013-07-16

    Entangled states are a key resource in fundamental quantum physics, quantum cryp-tography, and quantum computation [1].To date, controlled unitary interactions applied to a quantum system, so-called "quantum gates", have been the most widely used method to deterministically create entanglement [2]. These processes require high-fidelity state preparation as well as minimizing the decoherence that inevitably arises from coupling between the system and the environment and imperfect control of the system parameters. Here, on the contrary, we combine unitary processes with engineered dissipation to deterministically produce and stabilize an approximate Bell state of two trapped-ion qubits independent of their initial state. While previous works along this line involved the application of sequences of multiple time-dependent gates [3] or generated entanglement of atomic ensembles dissipatively but relied on a measurement record for steady-state entanglement [4], we implement the process in a continuous time-independent fashion, analogous to optical pumping of atomic states. By continuously driving the system towards steady-state, the entanglement is stabilized even in the presence of experimental noise and decoherence. Our demonstration of an entangled steady state of two qubits represents a step towards dissipative state engineering, dissipative quantum computation, and dissipative phase transitions [5-7]. Following this approach, engineered coupling to the environment may be applied to a broad range of experimental systems to achieve desired quantum dynamics or steady states. Indeed, concurrently with this work, an entangled steady state of two superconducting qubits was demonstrated using dissipation [8].

  19. An assessment of the effect on Olkiluoto repository capacity achievable with advanced fuel cycles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Juutilainen, P.; Viitanen, T.

    2013-07-01

    Previously a few scenarios have been simulated for transition from thermal to fast reactor fleet in Finland in order to determine how much the transuranic inventory could be reduced with the partitioning and transmutation (P-T) technologies. Those calculations, performed with COSI6 code developed by CEA, are extended in the present study, in which the effect of P-T on the capacity of the planned final disposal repository at Olkiluoto (Finland) is evaluated by taking into account the created fission products and transuranic residuals from the reprocessing operations. The decay heat is assumed to be the most restrictive factor in defining the waste disposal packing density. The repository capacity evaluation of this study is based on the comparison of the decay heats produced by the deposited waste in various scenarios. The reference scenario of this article involves only Light Water Reactors (LWR) in an open fuel cycle. The capacity requirement of the geological repository is estimated in a few closed fuel cycle scenarios, all including actinide transmutation with Fast Reactors (FR). The comparison between the P-T scenarios and reference is based on the decay heat production of the deposited waste. The COSI6 code is used for simulations to provide the repository decay heat curves. Applying the closed fuel cycle would change the disposal concept and schedule, because of which it is not quite straightforward to assess the impact of P-T on the capacity. However, it can be concluded that recycling the transuranic nuclides probably decreases the required volume for the disposal, but thermal dimensioning analysis is needed for more specific conclusions.

  20. ErdOS: Achieving Energy Savings in Mobile OS Narseo Vallina-Rodriguez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hand, Steven

    . In fact, the state of the art of lithium-ion batteries clearly indicates that capacity will still their functionality but reduces their battery life to few hours of operation. Despite the positive im- provements-centered energy-aware operating system that extends the battery life of mo- bile handsets by managing resources

  1. A Nonstochastic Information Theory for Communication and State Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Girish N

    2011-01-01

    In communications, unknown variables are usually modelled as random variables, and concepts such as independence, entropy and information are defined in terms of the underlying probability distributions. In contrast, control theory often treats uncertainties and disturbances as bounded unknowns having no statistical structure. The area of networked control combines both fields, raising the question of whether it is possible to construct meaningful analogues of stochastic concepts such as independence, Markovness, entropy and information without assuming a probability space. This paper introduces a framework for doing so, leading to the construction of a "maximin information" functional for nonstochastic variables. It is shown that the largest maximin information rate through a memoryless, error-prone channel in this framework coincides with the block-coding zero-error capacity of the channel. Maximin information is then used to derive a tight condition for achieving exponential uniform convergence when estima...

  2. Fourth Generation Bound States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koji Ishiwata; Mark B. Wise

    2011-05-25

    We investigate the spectrum and wave functions of {\\bar q}'q' bound states for heavy fourth generation quarks (q') that have a very small mixing with the three observed generations of standard model quarks. Such bound states come with different color, spin and flavor quantum numbers. Since the fourth generation Yukawa coupling, \\lambda_{q'}, is large we include all perturbative corrections to the potential between the heavy quark and antiquark of order \\lambda_{q'}^2N_c/16\\pi^2 where N_c is the number of colors, as well as relativistic corrections suppressed by (v/c)^2. We find that the lightest fourth generation quark masses for which a bound state exists for color octet states. For the the color singlet states, which always have a bound state, we analyze the influence that the Higgs couplings have on the size and binding energy of the bound states.

  3. Implementation of the principle of as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) for medical and dental personnel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This paper is part of a series prepared under the auspices of Scientific Committee 46, Operational Radiation Safety. It provides guidance on the process of implementing the as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) principle of the use of radiation by medical and dental personnel. The use of cost-benefit analysis is recommended as a basic method upon which to base ALARA decisions. Examples are provided to illustrate the ALARA principle as a process of optimization and to provide a starting point for the development of individualized ALARA programs. This paper recommends the use of 2 reference ranges for occupational exposures, one based on individual dose equivalents, and the other based on collective dose equivalent.

  4. Green Data Center Cooling: Achieving 90% Reduction: Airside Economization and Unique Indirect Evaporative Cooling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weerts, B. A.; Gallaher, D.; Weaver, R.; Van Geet, O.

    2012-01-01

    The Green Data Center Project was a successful effort to significantly reduce the energy use of the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). Through a full retrofit of a traditional air conditioning system, the cooling energy required to meet the data center's constant load has been reduced by over 70% for summer months and over 90% for cooler winter months. This significant change is achievable through the use of airside economization and a new indirect evaporative cooling system. One of the goals of this project was to create awareness of simple and effective energy reduction strategies for data centers. This project's geographic location allowed maximizing the positive effects of airside economization and indirect evaporative cooling, but these strategies may also be relevant for many other sites and data centers in the U.S.

  5. Achieving 50% Energy Savings in New Schools, Advanced Energy Design Guides: K-12 Schools (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    This fact sheet summarizes recommendations for designing elementary, middle, and high school buildings that will result in 50% less energy use than conventional new schools built to minimum code requirements. The recommendations are drawn from the Advanced Energy Design Guide for K-12 School Buildings, an ASHRAE publication that provides comprehensive recommendations for designing low-energy-use school buildings (see sidebar). Designed as a stand-alone document, this fact sheet provides key principles and a set of prescriptive design recommendations appropriate for smaller schools with insufficient budgets to fully implement best practices for integrated design and optimized performance. The recommendations have undergone a thorough analysis and review process through ASHRAE, and have been deemed the best combination of measures to achieve 50% savings in the greatest number of schools.

  6. Achieving selective interrogation and sub-wavelength resolution in thin plates with embedded metamaterial acoustic lenses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Semperlotti, F., E-mail: fsemperl@nd.edu; Zhu, H. [Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

    2014-08-07

    In this study, we present an approach to ultrasonic beam-forming and high resolution identification of acoustic sources having critical implications for applications such as structural health monitoring. The proposed concept is based on the design of dynamically tailored structural elements via embedded acoustic metamaterial lenses. This approach provides a completely new alternative to conventional phased-array technology enabling the formation of steerable and collimated (or focused) ultrasonic beams by exploiting a single transducer. Numerical results show that the ultrasonic beam can be steered by simply tuning the frequency of the excitation. Also, the embedded lens can be designed to achieve sub-wavelength resolution to clustered acoustic sources, which is a typical scenario encountered in incipient structural damage.

  7. Cu-Cu direct bonding achieved by surface method at room temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Utsumi, Jun [Advanced Technology Research Center, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., 1-8-1 Sachiura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-8515 (Japan); Ichiyanagi, Yuko, E-mail: yuko@ynu.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University, Tokiwadai, Hodogaya, Yokohama 240-8501 (Japan)

    2014-02-20

    The metal bonding is a key technology in the processes for the microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices and the semiconductor devices to improve functionality and higher density integration. Strong adhesion between surfaces at the atomic level is crucial; however, it is difficult to achieve close bonding in such a system. Cu films were deposited on Si substrates by vacuum deposition, and then, two Cu films were bonded directly by means of surface activated bonding (SAB) at room temperature. The two Cu films, with the surface roughness Ra about 1.3nm, were bonded by using SAB at room temperature, however, the bonding strength was very weak in this method. In order to improve the bonding strength between the Cu films, samples were annealed at low temperatures, between 323 and 473 K, in air. As the result, the Cu-Cu bonding strength was 10 times higher than that of the original samples without annealing.

  8. Metering Best Practices, A Guide to Achieving Utility Resource Efficiency, Release 2.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Greg; Hunt, W. D.; Pugh, Ray; Sandusky, William F.; Koehler, Theresa M.; Boyd, Brian K.

    2011-08-31

    This release is an update and expansion of the information provided in Release 1.0 of the Metering Best Practice Guide that was issued in October 2007. This release, as was the previous release, was developed under the direction of the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). The mission of FEMP is to facilitate the Federal Government's implementation of sound cost-effective energy management and investment practices to enhance the nation's energy security and environmental stewardship. Each of these activities is directly related to achieving requirements set forth in the Energy Policy Acts of 1992 and 2005, the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007, and the goals that have been established in Executive Orders 13423 and 13514 - and also those practices that are inherent in sound management of Federal financial and personnel resources.

  9. Maximum Achievable Control Technology for New Industrial Boilers (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    As part of Clean Air Act 90 (CAAA90, the EPA on February 26, 2004, issued a final rulethe National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) to reduce emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) from industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters. The rule requires industrial boilers and process heaters to meet limits on HAP emissions to comply with a Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) floor level of control that is the minimum level such sources must meet to comply with the rule. The major HAPs to be reduced are hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, and nickel. The EPA predicts that the boiler MACT rule will reduce those HAP emissions from existing sources by about 59,000 tons per year in 2005.

  10. SPEC application for achieving inelastic X-ray scattering experiment in the SSRF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Xuying; Liang, Dongxu; Yan, Shuai; Mao, Chengwen; Li, Aiguo; Wang, Jie

    2015-01-01

    In order to carry out inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) experiment at BL15U1 beamline of Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF), the data acquisition and control system based on SPEC software has been developed. The IXS experimental method needs linkage control of monochromator, silicon drift detector (SDD) and ionization chamber on continuous segment-scan mode with variable step size, and gains the data of energy, spectrum and light intensity synchronously. A method is presented for achieving this function which was not realized only by using SSCAN of Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS). This paper shows work details including control system description, SPEC configurations for EPICS devices, macro definitions and applications in the BL15U1. An IXS experiment was executed by using the SPEC control system, its results prove that the method is feasible to perform the experiment.

  11. Achieving 50% Energy Savings in Office Buildings, Advanced Energy Design Guides: Office Buildings (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    This fact sheet summarizes recommendations for designing new office buildings that result in 50% less energy use than conventional designs meeting minimum code requirements. The recommendations are drawn from the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small to Medium Office Buildings, an ASHRAE publication that provides comprehensive recommendations for designing low-energy-use office buildings with gross floor areas up to 100,000 ft2 (see sidebar). Designed as a stand-alone document, this fact sheet provides key principles and a set of prescriptive design recommendations appropriate for smaller office buildings with insufficient budgets to fully implement best practices for integrated design and optimized performance. The recommendations have undergone a thorough analysis and review process through ASHRAE, and have been deemed the best combination of measures to achieve 50% savings in the greatest number of office buildings.

  12. Achieving hard X-ray nanofocusing using a wedged multilayer Laue lens

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Huang, Xiaojing; Conley, Raymond; Bouet, Nathalie; Zhou, Juan; Macrander, Albert; Maser, Jorg; Yan, Hanfei; Nazaretski, Evgeny; Lauer, Kenneth; Harder, Ross; et al

    2015-05-04

    We report on the fabrication and the characterization of a wedged multilayer Laue lens for x-ray nanofocusing. The lens was fabricated using a sputtering deposition technique, in which a specially designed mask was employed to introduce a thickness gradient in the lateral direction of the multilayer. X-ray characterization shows an efficiency of 27% and a focus size of 26 nm at 14.6 keV, in a good agreement with theoretical calculations. These results indicate that the desired wedging is achieved in the fabricated structure. We anticipate that continuous development on wedged MLLs will advance x-ray nanofocusing optics to new frontiers andmore »enrich capabilities and opportunities for hard X-ray microscopy.« less

  13. Current Status and Recent Research Achievements in SiC/SiC Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katoh, Yutai; Snead, Lance L.; Henager, Charles H.; Nozawa, T.; Hinoki, Tetsuya; Ivekovic, Aljaz; Novak, Sasa; Gonzalez de Vicente, Sehila M.

    2014-12-01

    The development and maturation of the silicon carbide fiber-reinforced silicon carbide matrix (SiC/SiC) composite system for fusion applications has seen the evolution from fundamental development and understanding of the material system and its behavior in a hostile irradiation environment to the current effort which essentially is a broad-based program of technology, directed at moving this material class from a laboratory curiosity to an engineering material. This paper lays out the recent international scientific and technological achievements in the development of SiC/SiC composite material technologies for fusion application and will discuss future research directions. It also reviews the materials system in the larger context of progress to maturity as an engineering material for both the larger nuclear community and for general engineering applications.

  14. Microslit Nod-shuffle Spectroscopy - a technique for achieving very high densities of spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl Glazebrook; Joss Bland-Hawthorn

    2000-11-04

    We describe a new approach to obtaining very high surface densities of optical spectra in astronomical observations with extremely accurate subtraction of night sky emission. The observing technique requires that the telescope is nodded rapidly between targets and adjacent sky positions; object and sky spectra are recorded on adjacent regions of a low-noise CCD through charge shuffling. This permits the use of extremely high densities of small slit apertures (`microslits') since an extended slit is not required for sky interpolation. The overall multi-object advantage of this technique is as large as 2.9x that of conventional multi-slit observing for an instrument configuration which has an underfilled CCD detector and is always >1.5 for high target densities. The `nod-shuffle' technique has been practically implemented at the Anglo-Australian Telescope as the `LDSS++ project' and achieves sky-subtraction accuracies as good as 0.04%, with even better performance possible. This is a factor of ten better than is routinely achieved with long-slits. LDSS++ has been used in various observational modes, which we describe, and for a wide variety of astronomical projects. The nod-shuffle approach should be of great benefit to most spectroscopic (e.g. long-slit, fiber, integral field) methods and would allow much deeper spectroscopy on very large telescopes (10m or greater) than is currently possible. Finally we discuss the prospects of using nod-shuffle to pursue extremely long spectroscopic exposures (many days) and of mimicking nod-shuffle observations with infrared arrays.

  15. Semantic web portals: state-of-the-art Holger Lausen, Ying Ding, Michael Stollberg, Dieter Fensel, Ruben Lara Hernandez and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menczer, Filippo

    Semantic web portals: state-of-the-art survey Holger Lausen, Ying Ding, Michael Stollberg, Dieter application of semantic web technologies in web portals and corresponding achievable improvements for identifying the potential improvement made by semantic web technology. Design

  16. State Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities (ACEEE), October 2003 State Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities (ACEEE), October 2003 This 2003...

  17. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Policy and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Policy and the Pursuit of Renewable Energy Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: State Clean...

  18. State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Chris Wagner, National Association of...

  19. Probing Nilsson states in {sup 233}U

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kotthaus, T.; Reiter, P.; Hess, H.; Kalkuehler, M.; Wendt, A.; Wiens, A. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, D-50937 Koeln (Germany); Hertenberger, R.; Morgan, T.; Thirolf, P. G.; Wirth, H.-F. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Faestermann, T. [Physik Department E12, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2011-07-15

    The reaction {sup 234}U(d-vector, t){sup 233}U was measured at the Munich Q3D magnetic spectrometer with a polarized deuteron beam. The beam energy was 22 MeV, and a vector polarization of the deuterons of 80% was achieved. Angular distributions of the reaction cross section and analyzing power at seven angles between 5 deg. and 35 deg. were analyzed. Spin and parity assignments for 33 states were determined by comparison with results from distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA) calculations. Based on these assignments and energy systematics, the observed states were sorted into rotational bands. The Nilsson configurations of the bands are identified by examining the population strengths within each band. Two rotational bands with Nilsson configurations 1/2[501] and 3/2[501] could be identified for the first time.

  20. Building America Residential System Research Results: Achieving 30% Whole House Energy Savings Level in Mixed-Humid Climates; January 2006 - December 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Building America Industrialized Housing Partnership; Building Industry Research Alliance; Building Science Consortium; Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings; Davis Energy Group; IBACOS; National Association of Home Builders Research Center; National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    2006-12-01

    The Building America program conducts the system research required to reduce risks associated with the design and construction of homes that use an average of 30% to 90% less total energy for all residential energy uses than the Building America Research Benchmark, including research on homes that will use zero net energy on annual basis. To measure the program's progress, annual research milestones have been established for five major climate regions in the United States. The system research activities required to reach each milestone take from 3 to 5 years to complete and include research in individual test houses, studies in pre-production prototypes, and research studies with lead builders that provide early examples that the specified energy savings level can be successfully achieved on a production basis. This report summarizes research results for the 30% energy savings level and demonstrates that lead builders can successfully provide 30% homes in the Mixed-Humid Climate Region on a cost-neutral basis.

  1. State Technologies Advancement Collaborative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Terry

    2012-01-30

    The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), and Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) signed an intergovernmental agreement on November 14, 2002, that allowed states and territories and the Federal Government to better collaborate on energy research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D) projects. The agreement established the State Technologies Advancement Collaborative (STAC) which allowed the states and DOE to move RDD&D forward using an innovative competitive project selection and funding process. A cooperative agreement between DOE and NASEO served as the contracting instrument for this innovative federal-state partnership obligating funds from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of Fossil Energy to plan, fund, and implement RDD&D projects that were consistent with the common priorities of the states and DOE. DOE's Golden Field Office provided Federal oversight and guidance for the STAC cooperative agreement. The STAC program was built on the foundation of prior Federal-State efforts to collaborate on and engage in joint planning for RDD&D. Although STAC builds on existing, successful programs, it is important to note that it was not intended to replace other successful joint DOE/State initiatives such as the State Energy Program or EERE Special Projects. Overall the STAC process was used to fund, through three competitive solicitations, 35 successful multi-state research, development, deployment, and demonstration projects with an overall average non-federal cost share of 43%. Twenty-two states were awarded at least one prime contract, and organizations in all 50 states and some territories were involved as subcontractors in at least one STAC project. Projects were funded in seven program areas: (1) Building Technologies, (2) Industrial Technologies, (3) Transportation Technologies, (4) Distributed Energy Resources, (5) Hydrogen Technology Learning Centers, (6) Fossil Energy, and (7) Rebuild America.

  2. The supplemental instruction program : student perceptions of the learning environment and impact on student academic achievement in college science at California State University, San Marcos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hizer, Suzanne Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    a proactive-student centered learning environment focused onQuestions focused on student perceptions of the learninglearning communities; engager communities are focused on collaboration to understand concepts and avoider communities where student

  3. Factors driving wind power development in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

    2003-05-15

    In the United States, there has been substantial recent growth in wind energy generating capacity, with growth averaging 24 percent annually during the past five years. About 1,700 MW of wind energy capacity was installed in 2001, while another 410 MW became operational in 2002. This year (2003) shows promise of significant growth with more than 1,500 MW planned. With this growth, an increasing number of states are experiencing investment in wind energy projects. Wind installations currently exist in about half of all U.S. states. This paper explores the key factors at play in the states that have achieved a substantial amount of wind energy investment. Some of the factors that are examined include policy drivers, such as renewable portfolio standards (RPS), federal and state financial incentives, and integrated resource planning; as well as market drivers, such as consumer demand for green power, natural gas price volatility, and wholesale market rules.

  4. Protecting coherence in Optimal Control Theory: State dependent constraint approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose P. Palao; Ronnie Kosloff; Christiane P. Koch

    2008-03-06

    Optimal control theory is developed for the task of obtaining a primary objective in a subspace of the Hilbert space while avoiding other subspaces of the Hilbert space. The primary objective can be a state-to-state transition or a unitary transformation. A new optimization functional is introduced which leads to monotonic convergence of the algorithm. This approach becomes necessary for molecular systems subject to processes implying loss of coherence such as predissociation or ionization. In these subspaces controllability is hampered or even completely lost. Avoiding the lossy channels is achieved via a functional constraint which depends on the state of the system at each instant in time. We outline the resulting new algorithm, discuss its convergence properties and demonstrate its functionality for the example of a state-to-state transition and of a unitary transformation for a model of cold Rb2.

  5. Compatibility of state assignments and pooling of information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd A. Brun; Min-Hsiu Hsieh; Christopher Perry

    2015-04-20

    We say that two (or more) state assignments for one and the same quantum system are compatible if they could represent the assignments of observers with differing information about the system. A criterion for compatibility was proposed in [Phys. Rev. A 65, 032315 (2002)]; however, this leaves unanswered the question of whether there are degrees of compatibility which could be represented by some quantitative measure, and whether there is a straightforward procedure whereby the observers can pool their information to arrive at a unique joint state assignment. We argue that such measures are only sensible given some assumption about what kind of information was used in making the state assignments in the first place, and that in general state assignments do not represent all of the information possessed by the observers. However, we examine one particular measure, and show that it has a straightforward interpretation, assuming that the information was acquired from a particular type of measurement, and that in this case there is a natural rule for pooling information. We extend this measure to compatibility of states for k observers, and show that the value is the solution to a semidefinite program. Similar compatibility measures can be defined for alternative notions of state compatibility, including Post-Peierls (PP) and Equal Support (ES) compatibility.

  6. Approaches Toward Achieving Optimum Efficiency in Rerates of Large Centrifugal Compressors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudisel, D. A.

    1996-01-01

    outcome. Figure 7 Case 3 Compressor Schematic Once the boundaries were established, and feasible methods of working within those constraints identified, the expected installed cost for the machine replacement was determined, and the project found... in the 10,000 to 50,000 horsepower range. When new, the machines are aerodynamically and mechanically designed and built to the state of the art as it exists at that time. However, these compressor casings are commonly rerated in later years when...

  7. Annual report to the President and the Congress on the State Energy Conservation Program for calendar year 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-10-01

    Many of the 1985 objectives were brought forward from 1984 as part of a multi-year plan. Thus, the 1985 achievements must be measured as progressive milestones toward achieving the ultimate goal. A few of these milestones are programmatic monitoring strengthened by a revision and implementation of new monitoring guidelines; states developed increased awareness of the need to bring other partners into their projects to add to their resources; multi-regional meetings between states were held to transfer project information between the states, training and technical assistance were provided by DOE for SECP grantees; and there was the continued development of state self-sufficiency in the SECP area.

  8. Painlevé IV Coherent States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Bermudez; Alonso Contreras-Astorga; David J. Fernández C

    2014-02-24

    A simple way to find solutions of the Painlev\\'e IV equation is by identifying Hamiltonian systems with third-order differential ladder operators. Some of these systems can be obtained by applying supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) to the harmonic oscillator. In this work, we will construct families of coherent states for such subset of SUSY partner Hamiltonians which are connected with the Painlev\\'e IV equation. First, these coherent states are built up as eigenstates of the annihilation operator, then as displaced versions of the extremal states, both involving the third-order ladder operators, and finally as extremal states which are also displaced but now using the so called linearized ladder operators. To each SUSY partner Hamiltonian corresponds two families of coherent states: one inside the infinite subspace associated with the isospectral part of the spectrum and another one in the finite subspace generated by the states created through the SUSY technique.

  9. Energy Standards for State Agencies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    State departments and agencies are encouraged to employ the latest energy-conservation practices in the design, construction, renovation, operation and maintenance of state facilities. All state ...

  10. High-Spin States in Odd-Odd N=Z {sup 46}V

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, C.D.; Bentley, M.A.; Appelbe, D.E.; Bark, R.A.; Cullen, D.M.; Erturk, S.; Maj. A.; Sheikh, J.A.; Warner, D.D.

    1999-12-31

    High-spin states up to the F{sub 7/2}-shell band termination at J{pi}=15+ have been observed for the first time in the odd-odd N=Z=23 nucleous {sup 46}V. The new level scheme has two separate structures corresponding to spherical and prolate shapes. A rotational band has very similar energies to the yrast sequence in {sup 46}Ti and is therefore assumed to be a T=1 configuration.

  11. High-spin states in odd-odd N=Z {sup 46}V

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, C. D. [Oliver Lodge Laboratory, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZE (United Kingdom); School of Sciences, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 2DE (United Kingdom); Bentley, M. A. [School of Sciences, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 2DE (United Kingdom); Appelbe, D. E.; Cullen, D. M.; Ertuerk, S. [Oliver Lodge Laboratory, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZE (United Kingdom); Bark, R. A. [Tandem Accelerator Laboratory, Niels Bohr Institute, Risoe, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Maj, A. [Tandem Accelerator Laboratory, Niels Bohr Institute, Risoe, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, 31-342 Krakow (Poland); Sheikh, J. A. [Physics Department, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 5XH (United Kingdom); Warner, D. D. [CCLRC Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington WA4 4AD (United Kingdom)

    1999-11-16

    High-spin states up to the f{sub 7/2}-shell band termination at J*=15{sup +} have been observed for the first time in the odd-odd N=Z=23 nucleus {sup 46}V. The new level scheme has two separate structures corresponding to spherical and prolate shapes. A rotational band has very similar energies to the yrast sequence in {sup 46}Ti and is therefore assumed to be a T=1 configuration.

  12. Hadronic Final States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. R. Webber

    1995-10-12

    The following aspects of hadronic final states in deep inelastic lepton scattering are reviewed: measuring $alpha_s$ from multi-jet production rates and event shapes; alternative jet algorithms for DIS; power-suppressed corrections to event shapes; comparing jet fragmentation in $e^+e^-$ annihilation and DIS; final states in the BFKL and CCFM formulations of small-$x$ dynamics; exotic (instanton-induced) final states.

  13. State of the States: Fuel Cells in America 2012 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State of the States: Fuel Cells in America 2012 State of the States: Fuel Cells in America 2012 This report, written by Fuel Cells 2000 and partially funded by the U.S. Department...

  14. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..............................................................................2 Solid Waste Management .........................................................................3 ....................................................................................4 Solid Waste ManagementUnited States Department of Returns on InvestmentsAgriculture Forest Service in Management Sciences

  15. State Energy Strategic Planning

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Assistance Program (TAP) presentation at a TAP webinar held on April 3, 2013 and dealing with state energy strategic planning.

  16. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General assigned to the Station's research unit studying the regeneration of California forests

  17. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture MIX: A Computer Program to Evaluate Forest Service, a research entomologist, is in charge of the unit developing improved technology for integrated management

  18. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General Programs: A Review of Cognitive and Behavioral Studies Introduction Recent wildfires in the Western United

  19. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range to the Chaparral Prescribed Fire Research Unit, headquartered at Riverside, California. Publisher: Pacific

  20. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General is a Research Ecologist at the Station's Timber Management/Wildlife Habitat Interactions Unit, Redwood Sciences

  1. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General scientist with the Station's Wildland Recreation and Urban Cultures Research Unit, 4955 Canyon Crest Drive

  2. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    94701 United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range of California, Berkeley, and a cooperator with the Research Unit. #12;Acknowledgments We especially acknowledge

  3. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range to the Station's chaparral and related ecosystems research unit, with headquarters at Riverside, California. He

  4. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of California Oaks: A Bibliography Agriculture Forest Service Pacific forester in the Station's Forest Regeneration Research Unit, at Redding, California. He holds bachelor

  5. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General is a supervisory research entomologist in the Station's Regeneration Insect Research Unit in Berkeley. W. WAYNE

  6. Multiple Goals, Satisfaction, and Achievement in University Undergraduate Education: A Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) Project Research Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roebken, Heinke

    2007-01-01

    1, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 187-239. Elliot, A. J. (1999). ”Rawthorne, L. J. , and A.J. Elliot. (1999). ”Achievement34 (3), 169-189. Elliot, A.J. , and C.S. Dweck. (1988). ”

  7. The Relative Effectiveness of Positive Interdependence and Group Processing on Student Achievement, Interaction, and Attitude in Online Cooperative Learning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nam, Chang Woo

    2010-01-14

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relative effectiveness of positive interdependence and group processing on student achievement, interaction, and attitude in online cooperative learning. All of the participants, ...

  8. The relationship between verve and the academic achievement of African American and European American middle school students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawkins, Torrance N.

    2006-04-12

    between African American and European American students? 2. Is there a significant difference in verve levels of African American male and African American female students in middle school? 3. Is there a significant difference in the academic achievement...

  9. A Prospective Longitudinal Investigation of Effects of Nonparental Social Support on Early Adolescents' Academic Achievement and Academic Outcomes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Chiharu S.

    2010-01-16

    the effect of the availability of significant nonparental adult support as well as the effect of learning and affective support on students' academic achievement (reading and math) and academic outcomes (academic competence beliefs, classroom engagement...

  10. African American Urban Female Students' Perceptions of Social Factors Impacting Their Academic Achievement in One Public School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shelby-King, Rhonda Evette

    2011-08-08

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of social factors affecting the academic achievement of secondary African American urban (AAU) female students in an urban school district. This study determined ...

  11. Performance and Competence of Learning Disabled and High-Achieving High School Students on Essential Cognitive Skills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carolson, Steven A.; Alley, Gordon R.

    1981-07-01

    This study was designed to measure performance differences of learning disabled and high-achieving high school students judged crucial to academic learning and to determine teacher performance standards on those same crucial learning skills, Results...

  12. Fact #812: January 13, 2014 The Number of Models Achieving 40 MPG or More is Increasing Rapidly

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the 2009 model year, there were only two models that achieved a combined EPA rating of 40 MPG or higher. By the 2013 model year, that number rose to 30 models. In 2009, the only two models with...

  13. Effects of Transformational Leadership Practices in Texas Suburban School Districts and their Impact on Student Achievement: A Cohort Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Lina G.

    2014-12-03

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to review whether or not teachers’ perceptions of transformational leadership had an effect on student achievement. This study was one of five studies which examined leadership practices of principals...

  14. Hope as a Strategy for Improving Student Achievement and Dissuading Repeat Pregnancy in Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeill, Elisa Hutson

    2011-08-08

    This dissertation examines the construct of hope and its ability to be taught to pregnant and parenting adolescents as a strategy to improve academic achievement and dissuade repeat adolescent pregnancy. A systemic review ...

  15. Now I Understand! Success Factors among High-Achieving Undergraduate Hispanic Students Majoring in Engineering at a Research University 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookins, Bari

    2012-10-19

    This dissertation examined the perceptions of high-achieving undergraduate Hispanic students majoring in engineering with regard to their academic success. As the largest and fastest growing minority group in the US, ...

  16. Review: Balancing Limiting Factors and Economic Drivers to Achieve Sustainable Midwestern US Agricultural Residue Feedstock Supplies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wally W. Wilhelm; J. Richard Hess; Douglas L. Karlen; David J. Muth; Jane M. F. Johnson; John M. Baker; Hero T. Gollany; Jeff M. Novak; Diane E. Stott; Gary E. Varvel

    2010-10-01

    Advanced biofuels will be developed using cellulosic feedstock rather than grain or oilseed crops that can also be used for food and feed. To be sustainable, these new agronomic production systems must be economically viable without degrading soil resources. This review examines six agronomic factors that collectively define many of the limits and opportunities for harvesting crop residue for biofuel feedstock. These six “limiting factors” are discussed in relationship to economic drivers associated with harvesting corn (Zea mays L.) stover as a potential cellulosic feedstock. The limiting factors include soil organic carbon, wind and water erosion, plant nutrient balance, soil water and temperature dynamics, soil compaction, and off-site environmental impacts. Initial evaluations using the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation 2.0 (RUSLE2) show that a single factor analysis based on simply meeting tolerable soil loss might indicate stover could be harvested sustainably, but the same analysis based on maintaining soil organic carbon shows the practice to be non-sustainable. Modifying agricultural management to include either annual or perennial cover crops is shown to meet both soil erosion and soil carbon requirements. The importance of achieving high yields and planning in a holistic manner at the landscape scale are also shown to be crucial for balancing limitations and drivers associated with renewable bioenergy production.

  17. Implementation of the principle of as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) for medical and dental personnel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-31

    This report is part of a series prepared under the auspices of Scientific Committee 46, Operational Radiation Safety. It provides guidance on the process of implementing the as low as reasonably achievable'' (ALARA) principle for the use of radiation by medical and dental personnel. The use of cost-benefit analysis is recommended as a basic method upon which to base ALARA decisions. Examples are provided to illustrate the ALARA principle as a process of optimization and to provide a starting point for the development of individualized ALARA programs. NCRP Report No. 91, Recommendations on Limits for Exposure to Ionizing Radiation, calls for the use of reference ranges for occupational exposures. This report recommends the use of 2 reference ranges, one based on individual dose equivalents, and the other based on collective dose equivalent. In accordance with the recommendations of NCRP Report No. 82, SI Units in Radiation Protection and Measurements, as of January 1990, only SI units are used in the text. Readers needing factors for conversion of SI to conventional units are encouraged to consult Report No. 82. 84 refs., 10 figs., 10 tabs.

  18. Achieving Energy Savings with Highly-Controlled Lighting in an Open-Plan Office

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubinstein, Francis; Enscoe, Abby

    2010-04-19

    An installation in a Federal building tested the effectiveness of a highly-controlled, workstation-specific lighting retrofit. The study took place in an open-office area with 86 cubicles and low levels of daylight. Each cubicle was illuminated by a direct/indirectpendant luminaire with three 32 watt lamps, two dimmable DALI ballasts, and an occupancy sensor. A centralized control system programmed all three lamps to turn on and off according to occupancy on a workstation-by-workstation basis. Field measurements taken over the course of several monthsdemonstrated 40% lighting energy savings compared to a baseline without advanced controls that conforms to GSA's current retrofit standard. A photometric analysis found that the installation provided higher desktop light levels than the baseline, while an occupant survey found that occupants in general preferred the lighting system to thebaseline.Simple payback is fairly high; projects that can achieve lower installation costs and/or higher energy savings and those in which greenhouse gas reduction and occupant satisfaction are significant priorities provide the ideal setting for workstation-specific lighting retrofits.

  19. Microslit Nod-shuffle Spectroscopy - a technique for achieving very high densities of spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glazebrook, K; Glazebrook, Karl; Bland-Hawthorn, Joss

    2000-01-01

    We describe a new approach to obtaining very high surface densities of optical spectra in astronomical observations with extremely accurate subtraction of night sky emission. The observing technique requires that the telescope is nodded rapidly between targets and adjacent sky positions; object and sky spectra are recorded on adjacent regions of a low-noise CCD through charge shuffling. This permits the use of extremely high densities of small slit apertures (`microslits') since an extended slit is not required for sky interpolation. The overall multi-object advantage of this technique is as large as 2.9x that of conventional multi-slit observing for an instrument configuration which has an underfilled CCD detector and is always >1.5 for high target densities. The `nod-shuffle' technique has been practically implemented at the Anglo-Australian Telescope as the `LDSS++ project' and achieves sky-subtraction accuracies as good as 0.04%, with even better performance possible. This is a factor of ten better than i...

  20. Stochastic Model Based Proxy Servers Architecture for VoD to Achieve Reduced Client Waiting Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, T R GopalaKrishnan

    2010-01-01

    In a video on demand system, the main video repository may be far away from the user and generally has limited streaming capacities. Since a high quality video's size is huge, it requires high bandwidth for streaming over the internet. In order to achieve a higher video hit ratio, reduced client waiting time, distributed server's architecture can be used, in which multiple local servers are placed close to clients and, based on their regional demands video contents are cached dynamically from the main server. As the cost of proxy server is decreasing and demand for reduced waiting time is increasing day by day, newer architectures are explored, innovative schemes are arrived at. In this paper we present novel 3 layer architecture, includes main multimedia server, a Tracker and Proxy servers. This architecture targets to optimize the client waiting time. We also propose an efficient prefix caching and load sharing algorithm at the proxy server to allocate the cache according to regional popularity of the video...

  1. Achieving the 30% Goal: Energy and Cost Savings Analysis of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, Brian A.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Richman, Eric E.; Wang, Weimin; Xie, YuLong; Zhang, Jian; Cho, Heejin; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Athalye, Rahul A.; Liu, Bing

    2011-05-24

    This Technical Support Document presents the energy and cost savings analysis that PNNL conducted to measure the potential energy savings of 90.1-2010 relative to 90.1-2004. PNNL conducted this analysis with inputs from many other contributors and source of information. In particular, guidance and direction was provided by the Simulation Working Group under the auspices of the SSPC90.1. This report documents the approach and methodologies that PNNL developed to evaluate the energy saving achieved from use of ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2010. Specifically, this report provides PNNL’s Progress Indicator process and methodology, EnergyPlus simulation framework, prototype model descriptions. This report covers the combined upgrades from 90.1-2004 to 90.1-2010, resulting in a total of 153 addenda. PNNL has reviewed and considered all 153 addenda for quantitative analysis in the Progress Indicator process. 53 of those are included in the quantitative analysis. This report provides information on the categorization of all of the addenda, a summary of the content, and deeper explanation of the impact and modeling of 53 identified addenda with quantitative savings.

  2. Intercropped silviculture systems, a key to achieving soil fungal community management in eucalyptus plantations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rachid, Caio T. C. C.; Balieiro, Fabiano C.; Fonseca, Eduardo S.; Peixoto, Raquel Silva; Chaer, Guilherme M.; Tiedje, James M.; Rosado, Alexandre S.

    2015-02-23

    Fungi are ubiquitous and important contributors to soil nutrient cycling, playing a vital role in C, N and P turnover, with many fungi having direct beneficial relationships with plants. However, the factors that modulate the soil fungal community are poorly understood. We studied the degree to which the composition of tree species affected the soil fungal community structure and diversity by pyrosequencing the 28S rRNA gene in soil DNA. We were also interested in whether intercropping (mixed plantation of two plant species) could be used to select fungal species. More than 50,000 high quality sequences were analyzed from three treatments:more »monoculture of Eucalyptus; monoculture of Acacia mangium; and a mixed plantation with both species sampled 2 and 3 years after planting. We found that the plant type had a major effect on the soil fungal community structure, with 75% of the sequences from the Eucalyptus soil belonging to Basidiomycota and 19% to Ascomycota, and the Acacia soil having a sequence distribution of 28% and 62%, respectively. The intercropping of Acacia mangium in a Eucalyptus plantation significantly increased the number of fungal genera and the diversity indices and introduced or increased the frequency of several genera that were not found in the monoculture cultivation samples. Our results suggest that management of soil fungi is possible by manipulating the composition of the plant community, and intercropped systems can be a means to achieve that.« less

  3. Work at FNAL to achieve long electron drift lifetime in liquid argon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finley, D.; Jaskierny, W.; Kendziora, C.; Krider, J.; Pordes, S.; Rapidis, P.A.; Tope, T.; /Fermilab

    2006-10-01

    This note records some of the work done between July 2005 and July 2006 to achieve long (many milliseconds) electron drift lifetimes in liquid argon at Fermilab. The work is part of a process to develop some experience at Fermilab with the technology required to construct a large liquid argon TPC. This technology has been largely developed by the ICARUS collaboration in Europe and this process can be seen as technology transfer. The capability to produce liquid argon in which electrons have drift lifetimes of several milliseconds is crucial to a successful device. Liquid argon calorimeters have been successfully operated at Fermilab; their electro-negative contaminants are at the level of 10{sup -7} while the TPC we are considering requires a contamination level at the level of 10{sup -11}, tens of parts per trillion (ppt). As well as demonstrating the ability to produce liquid argon at this level of purity, the work is part of a program to test the effect on the electron drift time of candidate materials for the construction of a TPC in liquid argon.

  4. Challenges of Achieving 2012 IECC Air Sealing Requirements in Multifamily Dwellings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klocke, S.; Faakye, O.; Puttagunta, S.

    2014-10-01

    ?While previous versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) have included provisions to improve the air tightness of dwellings, for the first time, the 2012 IECC mandates compliance verification through blower door testing. Simply completing the Air Barrier and Insulation Installation checklist through visual inspection is no longer sufficient by itself. In addition, the 2012 IECC mandates a significantly stricter air sealing requirement. In Climate Zones 3 through 8, air leakage may not exceed 3 ACH50, which is a significant reduction from the 2009 IECC requirement of 7 ACH50. This requirement is for all residential buildings, which includes low-rise multifamily dwellings. While this air leakage rate requirement is an important component to achieving an efficient building thermal envelope, currently, the code language doesn't explicitly address differences between single family and multifamily applications. In addition, the 2012 IECC does not provide an option to sample dwellings for larger multifamily buildings, so compliance would have to be verified on every unit. With compliance with the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements on the horizon, several of CARB's multifamily builder partners are evaluating how best to comply with this requirement. Builders are not sure whether it is more practical or beneficial to simply pay for guarded testing or to revise their air sealing strategies to improve compartmentalization to comply with code requirements based on unguarded blower door testing. This report summarizes CARB's research that was conducted to assess the feasibility of meeting the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements in 3 multifamily buildings.

  5. Hydrodynamics of stratified epithelium: steady state and linearized dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei-Ting Yeh; Hsuan-Yi Chen

    2015-08-07

    A theoretical model for stratified epithelium is presented. The viscoelastic properties of the tissue is assumed to be dependent on the spatial distribution of proliferative and differentiated cells. Based on this assumption, a hydrodynamic description for tissue dynamics at long-wavelength, long-time limit is developed, and the analysis reveals important insight for the dynamics of an epithelium close to its steady state. When the proliferative cells occupy a thin region close to the basal membrane, the relaxation rate towards the steady state is enhanced by cell division and cell apoptosis. On the other hand, when the region where proliferative cells reside becomes sufficiently thick, a flow induced by cell apoptosis close to the apical surface could enhance small perturbations. This destabilizing mechanism is general for continuous self-renewal multi-layered tissues, it could be related to the origin of certain tissue morphology and developing pattern.

  6. Simulation of the hydrogen ground state in Stochastic Electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theo M. Nieuwenhuizen; Matthew T. P. Liska

    2015-06-22

    Stochastic electrodynamics is a classical theory which assumes that the physical vacuum consists of classical stochastic fields with average energy $\\frac{1}{2}\\hbar \\omega$ in each mode, i.e., the zero-point Planck spectrum. While this classical theory explains many quantum phenomena related to harmonic oscillator problems, hard results on nonlinear systems are still lacking. In this work the hydrogen ground state is studied by numerically solving the Abraham -- Lorentz equation in the dipole approximation. First the stochastic Gaussian field is represented by a sum over Gaussian frequency components, next the dynamics is solved numerically using OpenCL. The approach improves on work by Cole and Zou 2003 by treating the full $3d$ problem and reaching longer simulation times. The results are compared with a conjecture for the ground state phase space density. Though short time results suggest a trend towards confirmation, in all attempted modelings the atom ionises at longer times.

  7. Oklahoma State University Purchasing Card

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Oklahoma State University Purchasing Card Guidelines Oklahoma State University Fiscal and Administrative Compliance 306 Whitehurst Stillwater, OK 74078 http://faac.okstate.edu August 2011 Oklahoma State University Purchasing Card Guidelines Fiscal and Administrative Compliance Oklahoma State University #12;Page

  8. OKLAHOMA STATE June 30, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2009 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2009 AUDITED ..........................................................................................................56 Discretely Presented Component Units Oklahoma State University Foundation..............................................................................................71 OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY DETAILED SCHEDULE OF EXPENDITURES OF FEDERAL AWARDS General University

  9. OKLAHOMA STATE June 30, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2011 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2011 AUDITED.................................................................................................59 Discretely Presented Component Units Oklahoma State University Foundation..............................................................................................76 OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY DETAILED SCHEDULE OF EXPENDITURES OF FEDERAL AWARDS General University

  10. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2010 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

  11. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2009 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

  12. Qubit State Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. E. Deconinck; B. M. Terhal

    2010-03-01

    We show how one can solve the problem of discriminating between qubit states. We use the quantum state discrimination duality theorem and the Bloch sphere representation of qubits which allows for an easy geometric and analytical representation of the optimal guessing strategies.

  13. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liebhold, Andrew

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station Research Paper of the Eastern United States have been devastated by invasive pests. We used existing data to predict-quarter in total host density. Gypsy moth occupies only 23 percent of its potential range in the Eastern United

  14. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Thomas J. Mills Frederick W. Bratten #12;The Authors: are with the Station's research unit studying fire J. MILLS, a forest economist, is in charge of the unit. He earned degrees at Michigan State

  15. UNITED STATES PARTMENT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNITED STATES PARTMENT OF lMMERCE J8l1CATION SEATTLE, WA IOVEMBER 1973 FISHERY FACTS-6 U. S of foreign fishing off United States coastal waters, and the aevelopment and enforce- ment of international;ABSTRACT Dungeness crabs, Cancer magister, occur in the inshore waters of t he west coast of the United

  16. Iowa State University Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    1 Iowa State University Engineering Student Clubs Engineering Student CouncilIowa State University #12;2 AirISU Pg. 4 Alpha Pi Mu Industrial Engineering Honor Society (APM) Pg. 4 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Pg. 5 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) Pg

  17. Solid State Division

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, P.H.; Watson, D.M.

    1989-08-01

    This report contains brief discussions on work done in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The topics covered are: Theoretical Solid State Physics; Neutron scattering; Physical properties of materials; The synthesis and characterization of materials; Ion beam and laser processing; and Structure of solids and surfaces. (LSP)

  18. Solid State Lighting Program (Falcon)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meeks, Steven

    2012-06-30

    Over the past two years, KLA-Tencor and partners successfully developed and deployed software and hardware tools that increase product yield for High Brightness LED (HBLED) manufacturing and reduce product development and factory ramp times. This report summarizes our development effort and details of how the results of the Solid State Light Program (Falcon) have started to help HBLED manufacturers optimize process control by enabling them to flag and correct identified killer defect conditions at any point of origin in the process manufacturing flow. This constitutes a quantum leap in yield management over current practice. Current practice consists of die dispositioning which is just rejection of bad die at end of process based upon probe tests, loosely assisted by optical in-line monitoring for gross process deficiencies. For the first time, and as a result of our Solid State Lighting Program, our LED manufacturing partners have obtained the software and hardware tools that optimize individual process steps to control killer defects at the point in the processes where they originate. Products developed during our two year program enable optimized inspection strategies for many product lines to minimize cost and maximize yield. The Solid State Lighting Program was structured in three phases: i) the development of advanced imaging modes that achieve clear separation between LED defect types, improves signal to noise and scan rates, and minimizes nuisance defects for both front end and back end inspection tools, ii) the creation of defect source analysis (DSA) software that connect the defect maps from back-end and front-end HBLED manufacturing tools to permit the automatic overlay and traceability of defects between tools and process steps, suppress nuisance defects, and identify the origin of killer defects with process step and conditions, and iii) working with partners (Philips Lumileds) on product wafers, obtain a detailed statistical correlation of automated defect and DSA map overlay to failed die identified using end product probe test results. Results from our two year effort have led to “automated end-to-end defect detection” with full defect traceability and the ability to unambiguously correlate device killer defects to optically detected features and their point of origin within the process. Success of the program can be measured by yield improvements at our partner’s facilities and new product orders.

  19. Assessment of UF6 Equation of State

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brady, P; Chand, K; Warren, D; Vandersall, J

    2009-02-11

    A common assumption in the mathematical analysis of flows of compressible fluids is to treat the fluid as a perfect gas. This is an approximation, as no real fluid obeys the perfect gas relationships over all temperature and pressure conditions. An assessment of the validity of treating the UF{sub 6} gas flow field within a gas centrifuge with perfect gas relationships has been conducted. The definition of a perfect gas is commonly stated in two parts: (1) the gas obeys the thermal equation of state, p = {rho}RT (thermally perfect), and, (2) the gas specific heats are constant (calorically perfect). Analysis indicates the thermally perfect assumption is valid for all flow conditions within the gas centrifuge, including shock fields. The low operating gas pressure is the primary factor in the suitability of the thermally perfect equation of state for gas centrifuge computations. UF{sub 6} is not calorically perfect, as the specific heats vary as a function of temperature. This effect is insignificant within the bulk of the centrifuge gas field, as gas temperatures vary over a narrow range. The exception is in the vicinity of shock fields, where temperature, pressure, and density gradients are large, and the variation of specific heats with temperature should be included in the technically detailed analyses. Results from a normal shock analysis incorporating variable specific heats is included herein, presented in the conventional form of shock parameters as a function of inlet Mach Number. The error introduced by assuming constant specific heats is small for a nominal UF{sub 6} shock field, such that calorically perfect shock relationships can be used for scaling and initial analyses. The more rigorous imperfect gas analysis should be used for detailed analyses.

  20. Hard (State) Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John A. Tomsick

    2008-12-16

    For microquasars, the one time when these systems exhibit steady and powerful jets is when they are in the hard state. Thus, our understanding of this state is key to learning about the disk/jet connection. Recent observational and theoretical results have led to questions about whether we really understand the physical properties of this state, and even our basic picture of this state is uncertain. Here, I discuss some of the recent developments and possible problems with our understanding of this state. Overall, it appears that the strongest challenge to the standard truncated disk picture is the detection of broad iron features in the X-ray spectra, and it seems that either there is a problem with the truncated disk picture or there is a problem with the relativistic reflection models used to explain the broad iron features.

  1. Solid state electrochemical composite

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Visco, Steven J. (Berkeley, CA); Jacobson, Craig P. (Moraga, CA); DeJonghe, Lutgard C. (Lafayette, CA)

    2009-06-30

    Provided is a composite electrochemical device fabricated from highly electronically conductive materials such as metals, metal alloys, or electronically conductive ceramics. The electronic conductivity of the electrode substrate is maximized. The invention allows for an electrode with high electronic conductivity and sufficient catalytic activity to achieve high power density in ionic (electrochemical) devices such as fuel cells and electrolytic gas separation systems including oxygen generation system.

  2. Quasi-Bell entangled coherent states and its quantum discrimination problem in the presence of thermal noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kentaro Kato

    2015-08-07

    The so-called quasi-Bell entangled coherent states in a thermal environment are studied. In the analysis, we assume thermal noise affects only one of the two modes of each state. First the matrix representation of the density operators of the quasi-Bell entangled coherent states in a thermal environment is derived. Secondly we investigate the entanglement property of one of the quasi-Bell entangled coherent states with thermal noise. At that time a lower bound of the entanglement of formation for the state is computed. Thirdly the minimax discrimination problem for two cases of the binary set of the quasi-Bell entangled coherent states with thermal noise is considered, and the error probabilities of the minimax discrimination for the two cases are computed with the help of Helstrom's algorithm for finding the Bayes optimal error probability of binary states.

  3. Use of hazard assessments to achieve risk reduction in the USDOE Stockpile Stewardship (SS-21) Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, S.R.; Konkel, H.; Bott, T.; Eisenhawer, S.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); DeYoung, L.; Hockert, J. [Odgen Environmental and Energy Services, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1995-07-01

    This paper summarizes the nuclear explosive hazard assessment activities performed to support US Department of Energy (DOE) Stockpile Stewardship Demonstration Project SS-21, better known as the ``Seamless Safety`` program. Past practice within the DOE Complex has dictated the use of a significant number of post-design/fabrication safety reviews to analyze the safety associated with operations on nuclear explosives and to answer safety questions. These practices have focused on reviewing-in or auditing-in safety vs incorporating safety in the design process. SS-21 was proposed by the DOE as an avenue to develop a program to ``integrate established, recognized, verifiable safety criteria into the process at the design stage rather than continuing the reliance on reviews, evaluations and audits.`` The entire Seamless Safety design and development process is verified by a concurrent hazard assessment (HA). The primary purpose of the SS-21 Demonstration Project HA was to demonstrate the feasibility of performing concurrent HAs as part of an engineering design and development effort and then to evaluate the use of the HA to provide an indication in the risk reduction or gain in safety achieved. To accomplish this objective, HAs were performed on both baseline (i.e., old) and new (i.e. SS-21) B61-0 Center Case Section disassembly processes. These HAs were used to support the identification and documentation of weapon- and process-specific hazards and safety-critical operating steps. Both HAs focused on identifying accidents that had the potential for worker injury, public health effects, facility damage, toxic gas release, and dispersal of radioactive materials. A comparison of the baseline and SS-21 process risks provided a semi-quantitative estimate of the risk reduction gained via the Seamless Safety process.

  4. The importance of safety in achieving the widespread use of hydrogen as a fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edeskuty, F.J.

    1997-09-01

    The advantages of hydrogen fuel have been adequately demonstrated on numerous occasions. However, two major disadvantages have prevented any significant amount of corresponding development. These disadvantages have been in the economics of producing sufficient quantities of hydrogen and in the safety (both real and perceived) of its use. To date work has mostly been properly centered on solving the economic problems. However, a greater effort on the safety of new hydrogen systems now being proposed also deserves consideration. To achieve the greatest safety in the expansion of the use of hydrogen into its wide-spread use as a fuel, attention must be given to four considerations. These are, obtaining knowledge of all the physical principles involved in the new uses, having in place the regulations that allow the safe interfacing of the new systems, designing and constructing the new systems with safety in mind, and the training of the large number of people that will become the handlers of the hydrogen. Existing organizations that produce, transport, or use hydrogen on a large scale have an excellent safety record. This safety record comes as a consequence of dedicated attention to the above-mentioned principles. However, where these principles were not closely followed, accidents have resulted. Some examples can be cited. As the use of hydrogen becomes more widespread, there must be a mechanism for assuring the universal application of these principles. Larger and more numerous fleet operations with hydrogen fuel may be the best way to begin the indoctrination of the general public to the more general use of hydrogen fuel. Demonstrated safe operation with hydrogen is vital to its final acceptance as the fuel of choice.

  5. Challenges of Achieving 2012 IECC Air Sealing Requirements in Multifamily Dwellings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klocke, S.; Faakye, O.; Puttagunta, S.

    2014-10-01

    While previous versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) have included provisions to improve the air tightness of dwellings, for the first time, the 2012 IECC mandates compliance verification through blower door testing. Simply completing the Air Barrier and Insulation Installation checklist through visual inspection is no longer sufficient by itself. In addition, the 2012 IECC mandates a significantly stricter air sealing requirement. In Climate Zones 3 through 8, air leakage may not exceed 3 ACH50, which is a significant reduction from the 2009 IECC requirement of 7 ACH50. This requirement is for all residential buildings, which includes low-rise multifamily dwellings. While this air leakage rate requirement is an important component to achieving an efficient building thermal envelope, currently, the code language doesn't explicitly address differences between single family and multifamily applications. In addition, the 2012 IECC does not provide an option to sample dwellings for larger multifamily buildings, so compliance would have to be verified on every unit. With compliance with the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements on the horizon, several of Consortium for Advanced Residential Building's (CARB’s) multifamily builder partners are evaluating how best to comply with this requirement. Builders are not sure whether it is more practical or beneficial to simply pay for guarded testing or to revise their air sealing strategies to improve compartmentalization to comply with code requirements based on unguarded blower door testing. This report summarizes CARB's research that was conducted to assess the feasibility of meeting the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements in 3 multifamily buildings.

  6. Cooling atom-cavity systems into entangled states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Busch; S. De; S. S. Ivanov; B. T. Torosov; T. P. Spiller; A. Beige

    2011-05-25

    Generating entanglement by simply cooling a system into a stationary state which is highly entangled has many advantages. Schemes based on this idea are robust against parameter fluctuations, tolerate relatively large spontaneous decay rates, and achieve high fidelities independent of their initial state. A possible implementation of this idea in atom-cavity systems has recently been proposed by Kastoryano et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 090502 (2011)]. Here we propose an improved entanglement cooling scheme for two atoms inside an optical cavity which achieves higher fidelities for comparable single-atom cooperativity parameters C. For example, we predict fidelities above 90% even for C as low as 20 without requiring individual laser addressing and without having to detect photons.

  7. Fourth generation bound states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishiwata, Koji; Wise, Mark B. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, 91125 (United States)

    2011-04-01

    We investigate the spectrum and wave functions of q{sup '}q{sup '} bound states for heavy fourth generation quarks (q{sup '}) that have a very small mixing with the three observed generations of standard model quarks. Such bound states come with different color, spin and flavor quantum numbers. Since the fourth generation Yukawa coupling, {lambda}{sub q}{sup '}, is large we include all perturbative corrections to the potential between the heavy quark and antiquark of order {lambda}{sub q}{sup '2}N{sub c}/16{pi}{sup 2} where N{sub c} is the number of colors, as well as relativistic corrections suppressed by (v/c){sup 2}. We find that the lightest fourth generation quark masses for which a bound state exists for color octet states. For the color singlet states, which always have a bound state, we analyze the influence that the Higgs couplings have on the size and binding energy of the bound states.

  8. United States Conservation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    United States Shorebird Conservation Plan M A N O M E T C E N T E R F O R C O N S E R V A T I O N T I O N #12;United States Shorebird Conservation Plan Council Organizations #12;1 U n i t e d S t a t e s S h o r e b i r d C o n s e r v a t i o n P l a n 2 0 0 1 The United States Shorebird

  9. Achieving clean epitaxial graphene surfaces suitable for device applications by improved lithographic process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nath, A., E-mail: anath@gmu.edu; Rao, M. V. [George Mason University, 4400 University Dr., Fairfax, Virginia 22030 (United States); Koehler, A. D.; Jernigan, G. G.; Wheeler, V. D.; Hite, J. K.; Hernández, S. C.; Robinson, Z. R.; Myers-Ward, R. L.; Eddy, C. R.; Gaskill, D. K. [U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave. SW, Washington, D.C. 20375 (United States); Garces, N. Y. [Sotera Defense Solutions, 2200 Defense Hwy. Suite 405, Crofton, Maryland 21114 (United States)

    2014-06-02

    It is well-known that the performance of graphene electronic devices is often limited by extrinsic scattering related to resist residue from transfer, lithography, and other processes. Here, we report a polymer-assisted fabrication procedure that produces a clean graphene surface following device fabrication by a standard lithography process. The effectiveness of this improved lithography process is demonstrated by examining the temperature dependence of epitaxial graphene-metal contact resistance using the transfer length method for Ti/Au (10?nm/50?nm) metallization. The Landauer-Buttiker model was used to explain carrier transport at the graphene-metal interface as a function of temperature. At room temperature, a contact resistance of 140 ?-?m was obtained after a thermal anneal at 523?K for 2?hr under vacuum, which is comparable to state-of-the-art values.

  10. Image potential states at metal-dielectric interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merry, W.R. Jr.

    1992-04-01

    Angle-resolved two-photon laser photoemission was used to observe the image potential electronic states on the (111) face of a silver single crystal. The transient image potential states were excited from the occupied bulk bands with photons whose energy was tunable around 4 eV. Photoemission of the image potential states was accomplished with photons of energy tunable around 2 eV. Image potential states were found to persist in the presence of physisorbed adlayers of xenon and cyclohexane. On clean Ag(111), the effective mass of the n=1 image potential state was found to be 1.4{plus_minus}0.1 times the mass of a free electron (m{sub e}). A binding energy of 0.77 eV, measured by earlier workers, was assumed in analysis of the data for the clean surface. On Ag(111), at 75 K covered by one monolayer of xenon, the binding energy of the n=1 image potential state was unchanged relative to its value on the clean surface. An effective mass of (1.00{plus_minus}0.05) {center_dot} m{sub e} was obtained. On Ag(111) at 167 K, covered by one monolayer of cyclohexane, the binding energy of the n=2 member of the image potential series was 0.30{plus_minus}0.05 eV. The energy of the n=1 state was again unchanged by deposition of the adsorbate. The effective masses of both states were (0.90{plus_minus}0.1) {center_dot} m{sub e}.

  11. Image potential states at metal-dielectric interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merry, W.R. Jr.

    1992-04-01

    Angle-resolved two-photon laser photoemission was used to observe the image potential electronic states on the (111) face of a silver single crystal. The transient image potential states were excited from the occupied bulk bands with photons whose energy was tunable around 4 eV. Photoemission of the image potential states was accomplished with photons of energy tunable around 2 eV. Image potential states were found to persist in the presence of physisorbed adlayers of xenon and cyclohexane. On clean Ag(111), the effective mass of the n=1 image potential state was found to be 1.4{plus minus}0.1 times the mass of a free electron (m{sub e}). A binding energy of 0.77 eV, measured by earlier workers, was assumed in analysis of the data for the clean surface. On Ag(111), at 75 K covered by one monolayer of xenon, the binding energy of the n=1 image potential state was unchanged relative to its value on the clean surface. An effective mass of (1.00{plus minus}0.05) {center dot} m{sub e} was obtained. On Ag(111) at 167 K, covered by one monolayer of cyclohexane, the binding energy of the n=2 member of the image potential series was 0.30{plus minus}0.05 eV. The energy of the n=1 state was again unchanged by deposition of the adsorbate. The effective masses of both states were (0.90{plus minus}0.1) {center dot} m{sub e}.

  12. Do X-ray Binary Spectral State Transition Luminosities Vary?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas J. Maccarone

    2003-08-02

    We tabulate the luminosities of the soft-to-hard state transitions of all X-ray binaries for which there exist good X-ray flux measurements at the time of the transition, good distance estimates, and good mass estimates for the compact star. We show that the state transition luminosities are at about 1-4% of the Eddington rate, markedly smaller than those typically quoted in the literature, with a mean value of 2%. Only the black hole candidate GRO J~1655-40 and the neutron star systems Aql X-1 and 4U 1728-34 have measured state transition luminosities inconsistent with this value at the 1$\\sigma$ level. GRO J~1655-40, in particular, shows a state transition luminosity below the mean value for the other sources at the $4\\sigma$ level. This result, combined with the known inner disk inclination angle (the disk is nearly parallel to the line of sight) from GRO J~1655-40's relativistic jets suggest that the hard X-ray emitting region in GRO J~1655-40 can have a velocity of no more than about $\\beta=0.68$, with a most likely value of about $\\beta=0.52$, and a minimum speed of $\\beta=0.45$, assuming that the variations in state transition luminosities are solely due to relativistic beaming effects. The variance in the state transition luminosities suggests an emission region with a velocity of $\\sim0.2c$. The results are discussed in terms of different emission models for the low/hard state. We also discuss the implications for measuring the dimensionless viscosity parameter $\\alpha$. We also find that if its state transitions occur at typical luminosities, then GX 339-4 is likely to be at a distance of at least 7.6 kpc, much further than typically quoted estimates.

  13. Iceland is a small democratic state of nearly 300,000 inhabitants that sits in the North Atlantic between the continents of Europe, America, and the Arctic.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    Iceland is a small democratic state of nearly 300,000 inhabitants that sits in the North Atlantic for innovation of global significance, the small island nation of Iceland has assumed near iconic status in one entrepreneurial vision, Iceland's genomic innovations have helped transform med- ical and genealogical information

  14. Michigan State University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    Michigan State University Press FALL/ WINTER 2013 #12;MICHIGANSTATEUNIVERSITYPRESS This symbol MSU PRESS TITLES American Literature ........................................................... 2 .............................................................................. 7 UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY PRESS .............................. 22­24 UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA PRESS

  15. Solid State Lighting Reliability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solid State Lighting Reliability 2015Building Technologies Office Peer Review Lynn Davis, PhD RTI International ldavis@rti.org --- 919-316-3325 Project Summary Timeline: Start...

  16. United States Government

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    States Government Department of Energy memorandum Carlsbad Field Office Carlsbad, New Mexico 88221 DATE: REPLY TO ATTN OF: SUBJECT: JAN 1 7 2014 CBFO:OESH:GTB:MN:14-1404:UFC...

  17. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture DESIGN: A Program to Create Data Forest Service Entry Research Work Unit at the Station's Forest Fire Laboratory, 4955 Canyon Crest Drive, Riverside, CA 92507

  18. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General Observatory in Stinson Beach, Calif. Thomas E. Martin is Assistant Unit Leader--Wildlife at the U.S. Fish

  19. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range, objectives, and targets and specific work plans for the field units--the National Forests and their Ranger

  20. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Forest Experiment Station research unit in New Hampshirein 1957, where he studied problemsof regenerationandthinning research unit at Warren, Pennsylvania, where he headed a program of research on problems related

  1. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Peelflc Southwest Forest and Range that are expressed in tems familim to the user. Theboard footand cubic footare mdiriond units of measure, altlnough

  2. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station for the Station's Wildland Recreation and the Urban Culture Research Work Unit, located at the Forest Fire

  3. Quantum Physics: Altered States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haw, Mark

    2002-06-27

    Stand by for a new state of matter — according to some predictions, it could be created in the next few months. In a handful of laboratories around the world, physicists are trying to persuade antisocial atoms to pair ...

  4. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marianas Islands, Palau, and American Samoa. Retrieval Terms: Agricultural systems, cropping experiments Methodologies and Applications for Pacific Pacific Southwest Island AgroforestryResearch Station General and applications for Pacific Island agroforestry; July 16-20, 1990; Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States

  5. NEW YORK STATE OFFICE OF THE STATE COMPTROLLER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    NEW YORK STATE OFFICE OF THE STATE COMPTROLLER H. Carl McCall STATE COMPTROLLER DIVISION Financial Services 110 STATE STREET 11 TH FLOOR ALBANY, NEW YORK 12236 123 WILLIAM STREET NEW YORK, NEW Education Building Albany, New York 12234 Dear Mr. Mills: The following is our report addressing the State

  6. Workshop on Excellence Empowered by a Diverse Academic Workforce: Achieving Racial & Ethnic Equity in Chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassan. B. Ali

    2008-02-13

    The purpose of the Workshop 'Excellence Empowered by a Diverse Academic Workforce: Achieving Racial & Ethnic Equity in Chemistry' was to promote the development of a cadre of academic leaders who create, implement and promote programs and strategies for increasing the number of racial and ethnic minorities to equitable proportions on the faculties of departments throughout the academic chemistry community. An important objective of the workshop was to assist in creating an informed and committed community of chemistry leaders who will create, implement and promote programs and strategies to advance racial and ethnic equity in both the faculty and the student body with the goal of increasing the number of U.S. citizen underrepresented minorities (URM) participating in academic chemistry at all levels, with particular focus on the pipeline to chemistry faculty. This objective was met by (1) presentations of detailed data describing current levels of racial and ethnic minorities on the faculties of chemistry departments; (2) frank discussion of the obstacles to and benefits of racial/ethnic diversity in the chemistry professoriate; (3) summary of possible effective interventions and actions; and (4) promotion of the dissemination and adoption of initiatives designed to achieve racial/ethnic equity. Federal programs over the past thirty years have been instrumental in delivering to our universities URM students intending to major in the physical sciences such as chemistry. However, the near absence of URM faculty means that there is also an absence of URM as role models for aspiring students. For example, citing 2003 as a representative year, some statistics reveal the severity of the pipeline shrinkage for U. S. citizen URM starting from chemistry B.S. degrees awarded to the appointment to chemistry faculty. Compared to the URM population of approximately 30% for that year, 67% of the B.S. degrees in chemistry were awarded to white citizens and 17% were awarded to URM citizens. Proceeding along the pipeline, 83% of the Ph.D. degrees in chemistry were awarded to white citizens, and 6.4% were awarded to URM citizens. The number of white citizens occupying tenure faculty lines in chemistry departments at major research universities is estimated to be 86%, while the corresponding lines for URM was estimated to be only 3.7% in 2003. In raw numbers, the number of white chemistry faculty is estimated to be 1459 and the number of URM faculty was estimated to be just 62. Thus, starting with 16.6% for URM students awarded B.S. degrees in chemistry, the number decreases to 6.4% for URM students awarded Ph.D degrees in chemistry and then dwindles to only 3.6% URM faculty in major research universities, compared to a population of approximately 30% URM citizens. Similar statistics for URM representation in chemistry is found for the last two decades. Clearly there is a serious lack of URM mentors and role models among tenure faculty in our chemistry departments. The impact of this deficiency is captured in the statement that 'A university's lack of minority faculty sends a message to its students that minorities have no place in academia' thereby perpetuating a cycle of marginalization and discrimination. The lack of mentors and role models in academia deprive URM students who pass through the undergraduate programs of an education that is enriched by the intellectual and cognitive diversity that is inherent in a faculty of diverse backgrounds and cultures. Furthermore, URM are projected to constitute almost 32% of the U.S. population by 2020, so that URM will outnumber White males [who are projected to constitute 30% of the population (U.S. Census data)]. It is clearly time for this to change and proactive programs are needed immediately in order to insure that there will be an optimal inclusion of the future 'majority' of the U. S. domestic population throughout all levels of academia. The workshop was organized with the intention of triggering such a change by working with key representatives of chemistry in academia, namely the chem

  7. Continuous Measurement Quantum State Tomography of Atomic Ensembles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos A. Riofrío

    2011-11-23

    Quantum state tomography is a fundamental tool in quantum information processing. It allows us to estimate the state of a quantum system by measuring different observables on many identically prepared copies of the system. This is, in general, a very time-consuming task that requires a large number of measurements. There are, however, systems in which the data acquisition can be done more efficiently. In fact, an ensemble of quantum systems can be prepared and manipulated by external fields while being continuously and collectively probed, producing enough information to estimate its state. This provides a basis for continuous measurement quantum tomography. In this protocol, an ensemble of identically prepared systems is collectively probed and controlled in a time-dependent manner to create an informationally complete continuous measurement record. The measurement history is then inverted to determine the state at the initial time. We use two different estimation methods: maximum likelihood and compressed sensing. The general formalism is applied to the case of reconstruction of the quantum state encoded in the magnetic sub-levels of a large-spin alkali atom, ${}^{133}$Cs. We apply this protocol to the case of reconstruction of states in the full 16-dimensional electronic-ground subspace ($F=3 \\oplus F=4$), controlled by microwaves and radio-frequency magnetic fields. We present an experimental demonstration of continuous measurement quantum tomography in an ensemble of cold cesium atoms with full control of its 16-dimensional Hilbert space. We show the exquisite level of control achieved in the lab and the excellent agreement between the theory discussed in this dissertation and the experimental results. This allows us to achieve fidelities >95% for low complexity quantum states, and >92% for arbitrary random states, which is a formidable accomplishment for a space of this size.

  8. FAMS DECOMMISSIONING END-STATE ALTERNATIVE EVALUATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grimm, B; Stephen Chostner, S; Brenda Green, B

    2006-05-25

    Nuclear Material Management (NMM) completed a comprehensive study at the request of the Department of Energy Savannah River Operations Office (DOE-SR) in 2004 (Reference 11.1). The study evaluated the feasibility of removal and/or mitigation of the Pu-238 source term in the F-Area Material Storage (FAMS) facility during on-going material storage operations. The study recommended different options to remove and/or mitigate the Pu-238 source term depending on its location within the facility. During April 2005, the Department of Energy (DOE) sent a letter of direction (LOD) to Washington Savannah River Company (WSRC) directing WSRC to implement a new program direction that would enable an accelerated shutdown and decommissioning of FAMS (Reference 11.2). Further direction in the LOD stated that effective December 1, 2006 the facility will be transitioned to begin deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) activities. To implement the LOD, Site D&D (SDD) and DOE agreed the planning end-state would be demolition of the FAMS structure to the building slab. SDD developed the D&D strategy, preliminary cost and schedule, and issued the deactivation project plan in December 2005 (Reference 11.3). Due to concerns and questions regarding the FAMS planning end-state and in support of the project's Critical Decision 1, an alternative study was performed to evaluate the various decommissioning end-states and the methods by which those end-states are achieved. This report documents the results of the alternative evaluation which was performed in a structured decision-making process as outlined in the E7 Manual, Procedure 2.15, ''Alternative Studies'' (Reference 11.4).

  9. A state-impact-state methodology for assessing environmental impact in land use planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Longgao; Yang, Xiaoyan; Chen, Longqian; Potter, Rebecca; Li, Yingkui

    2014-04-01

    The implementation of land use planning (LUP) has a large impact on environmental quality. There lacks a widely accepted and consolidated approach to assess the LUP environmental impact using Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). In this paper, we developed a state-impact-state (SIS) model employed in the LUP environmental impact assessment (LUPEA). With the usage of Matter-element (ME) and Extenics method, the methodology based on the SIS model was established and applied in the LUPEA of Zoucheng County, China. The results show that: (1) this methodology provides an intuitive and easy understanding logical model for both the theoretical analysis and application of LUPEA; (2) the spatial multi-temporal assessment from base year, near-future year to planning target year suggests the positive impact on the environmental quality in the whole County despite certain environmental degradation in some towns; (3) besides the spatial assessment, other achievements including the environmental elements influenced by land use and their weights, the identification of key indicators in LUPEA, and the appropriate environmental mitigation measures were obtained; and (4) this methodology can be used to achieve multi-temporal assessment of LUP environmental impact of County or Town level in other areas. - Highlights: • A State-Impact-State model for Land Use Planning Environmental Assessment (LUPEA). • Matter-element (ME) and Extenics methods were embedded in the LUPEA. • The model was applied to the LUPEA of Zoucheng County. • The assessment shows improving environment quality since 2000 in Zoucheng County. • The method provides a useful tool for the LUPEA in the county level.

  10. Engage States on Energy Assurance and Energy Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kara Colton; John Ratliff; Sue Gander; Darren Springer; Greg Dierkers

    2008-09-30

    The NGA Center's 'Engaging States on Energy Security and Energy Assurance' has been successful in achieving the stated project purposes and objectives both in the initial proposal as well as in subsequent revisions to it. Our activities, which involve the NGA Center for Best Practices (The NGA Center) Homeland Security and Technology Division, included conducting tabletop exercises to help federal and state homeland security and energy officials determine roles and actions for various emergency scenarios. This included efforts to education state official on developing an energy assurance plan, harmonizing approaches to controlling price volatility, implementing reliability standards, understanding short and long-term energy outlooks and fuel diversification, and capitalizing on DOE's research and development activities. Regarding our work on energy efficiency and renewable energy, the NGA Center's Environment, Energy and Natural Resources Division hosted three workshops which engaged states on the clean energy and alternative transportation fuel and also produced several reports on related topics. In addition, we convened 18 meetings, via conference call, of the Energy Working Group. Finally, through the NGA Center's Front and Center newsletter articles, the NGA Center disseminated promising practices to a wide audience of state policymakers. The NGA Center also hosted a number of workshops and web conferences designed to directly engage states on the deliverables under this Cooperative Agreement. Through the NGA Center's written products and newsletter articles, the NGA Center was able to disseminate promising practices to a wide audience of state policymakers.

  11. Wind Powering America - Outreach in Priority States (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, M.; Flowers, L.

    2009-04-01

    WPA works with 33 State Wind Working Groups to educate stakeholders on wind energy topics and to achieve the basics needed for effective wind development in a state. WPA has accelerated outreach and communication efforts with 13 priority states: Alaska, Arizona, Indiana, Maryland, Massachussetts, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, Utah, and Virginia. These states have the potential to contribute substantially to the national portfolio of wind energy but do not yet have large amounts of wind energy applications on the ground. This is often due to barriers in in-state knowledge and understanding of wind energy issues and potential that impact the policy environment and the market environment. There are common regional issues among the states, and important learning opportunities can be gained by cross-training and sharing experiences. The Regional Wind Energy Institutes (RWEIs) are train-the-trainer organizations that work to develop a cadre of in-state outreach specialists who reach out to audiences of decisionmakers (e.g., the ag community, state and local officials, utilities, regulatory bodies) to build understanding, create public acceptance, take advantage of regional synergies, and eventually to impact polices and the market environment for effective wind implementation.

  12. Characterization of conditional state-engineering quantum processes by coherent state quantum process tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merlin Cooper; Eirion Slade; Michal Karpinski; Brian J. Smith

    2014-10-25

    Conditional quantum optical processes enable a wide range of technologies from generation of highly non-classical states to implementation of quantum logic operations. The process fidelity that can be achieved in a realistic implementation depends on a number of system parameters. Here we experimentally examine Fock-state filtration, a canonical example of a broad class of conditional quantum operations acting on a single optical field mode. This operation is based upon interference of the mode to be manipulated with an auxiliary single-photon state at a beam splitter, resulting in the entanglement of the two output modes. A conditional projective measurement onto a single photon at one output mode heralds the success of the process. This operation, which implements a measurement-induced nonlinearity, is capable of suppressing particular photon-number probability amplitudes of an arbitrary quantum state. We employ coherent-state process tomography to determine the precise operation realized in our experiment. To identify the key sources of experimental imperfection, we develop a model of the process and identify three main contributions that significantly hamper its efficacy. The reconstructed tensor is compared with a model of the process taking into account sources of experimental imperfection with fidelity better than 0.95. This enables us to identify three key challenges to overcome in realizing a filter with high fidelity - namely the single-photon nature of the auxiliary state, high-mode overlap, and the need for number resolving detection when heralding. The results show that the filter does indeed exhibit a nonlinear response as a function of input photon number and preserves the phase relation between Fock layers of the output state, providing promise for future applications.

  13. Sensitivity Achieved by the LIGO and Virgo Gravitational Wave Detectors during LIGO's Sixth and Virgo's Second and Third Science Runs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The LIGO Scientific Collaboration; The Virgo Collaboration

    2012-03-15

    We summarize the sensitivity achieved by the LIGO and Virgo gravitational wave detectors for low-mass compact binary coalescence (CBC) searches during LIGO's sixth science run and Virgo's second and third science runs. We present strain noise power spectral densities (PSDs) which are representative of the typical performance achieved by the detectors in these science runs. The data presented here and in the accompanying web-accessible data files are intended to be released to the public as a summary of detector performance for low-mass CBC searches during S6 and VSR2-3.

  14. Random unitary maps for quantum state reconstruction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merkel, Seth T. [Institute for Quantum Computing, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Riofrio, Carlos A.; Deutsch, Ivan H. [Center for Quantum Information and Control (CQuIC), Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87131 (United States); Flammia, Steven T. [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

    2010-03-15

    We study the possibility of performing quantum state reconstruction from a measurement record that is obtained as a sequence of expectation values of a Hermitian operator evolving under repeated application of a single random unitary map, U{sub 0}. We show that while this single-parameter orbit in operator space is not informationally complete, it can be used to yield surprisingly high-fidelity reconstruction. For a d-dimensional Hilbert space with the initial observable in su(d), the measurement record lacks information about a matrix subspace of dimension {>=}d-2 out of the total dimension d{sup 2}-1. We determine the conditions on U{sub 0} such that the bound is saturated, and show they are achieved by almost all pseudorandom unitary matrices. When we further impose the constraint that the physical density matrix must be positive, we obtain even higher fidelity than that predicted from the missing subspace. With prior knowledge that the state is pure, the reconstruction will be perfect (in the limit of vanishing noise) and for arbitrary mixed states, the fidelity is over 0.96, even for small d, and reaching F>0.99 for d>9. We also study the implementation of this protocol based on the relationship between random matrices and quantum chaos. We show that the Floquet operator of the quantum kicked top provides a means of generating the required type of measurement record, with implications on the relationship between quantum chaos and information gain.

  15. Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes: NM New Mexico Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All 20,608,300 NM New Mexico State Energy Office...

  16. SF State Probation Study, February 2013 SF State Probation Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SF State Probation Study, February 2013 Page 1 February 2013 SF State Probation Study Fall Cohorts . e d u #12;SF State Probation Study, February 2013 Page 2 Table of Contents Executive Summary................................................................................................................................... 5 Students in the Study

  17. Roanoke River Basin Bi-State Commission (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Roanoke River Basin Bi-State Commission was established as a bi-state commission composed of members from the Commonwealth of Virginia and the State of North Carolina. The purpose of the...

  18. Abstract A type of recurrent neural network has been proposed by H. Jaeger. This model, called Echo State Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    to output units in order to achieve the learning task. Under certain conditions, the activation state x Superior (CAPES) - Brazil, and by the State of São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) - Brazil. R. Sacchi, Engineering School of São Carlos, University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP 13.566-590 BRAZIL. (e-mail: { sacchi

  19. Climate2012 State of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    Climate2012 State of the #12;2 State of the Climate 2012 Climate2012 State of the The previous State of the Climate, released in March 2010 (www.csiro.au/Outcomes/Climate/Understanding/State-of-the- Climate.aspx) highlighted a multi-decadal warming trend over Australia's land and oceans, an increase

  20. The r-process of stellar nucleosynthesis: Astrophysics and nuclear physics achievements and mysteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Arnould; S. Goriely; K. Takahashi

    2007-05-31

    The r-process, or the rapid neutron-capture process, of stellar nucleosynthesis is called for to explain the production of the stable (and some long-lived radioactive) neutron-rich nuclides heavier than iron that are observed in stars of various metallicities, as well as in the solar system. A very large amount of nuclear information is necessary in order to model the r-process. This concerns the static characteristics of a large variety of light to heavy nuclei between the valley of stability and the vicinity of the neutron-drip line, as well as their beta-decay branches or their reactivity. The enormously challenging experimental and theoretical task imposed by all these requirements is reviewed, and the state-of-the-art development in the field is presented. Nuclear-physics-based and astrophysics-free r-process models of different levels of sophistication have been constructed over the years. We review their merits and their shortcomings. For long, the core collapse supernova of massive stars has been envisioned as the privileged r-process location. We present a brief summary of the one- or multidimensional spherical or non-spherical explosion simulations available to-date. Their predictions are confronted with the requirements imposed to obtain an r-process. The possibility of r-nuclide synthesis during the decompression of the matter of neutron stars following their merging is also discussed.