Sample records for association south africa

  1. South African Association of Geomorphologists, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2000 Flood plain formation in semi-arid central Australia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourke, Mary C.

    South African Association of Geomorphologists, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2000 Flood plain of sediment waves and the close succession of a series of high-energy overbank flows contribute

  2. SOUTH AFRICA'S MEERKAT ARRAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    SOUTH AFRICA'S MEERKAT ARRAY THE MEERKAT ARRAY, currently taking shape in South Africa's Karoo) is completed around 2024. Via MeerKAT, South Africa is playing a key role in design and technology developments at the engineering office in Cape Town, and at universities and technology companies across South Africa and Africa

  3. THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA ACT, 1909

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA ACT, 1909 This Act was passed through both Houses of the Imperial Parliament exactly as it was forwarded after the South African Convention was held

  4. ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA http://www.royalsocietysa.org.za ACADEMY OF SCIENCE OF SOUTH AFRICA and distribution of butterflies in the atlas region (South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland), thereby providing-ordinator of Africa's first butterfly atlas, entitled `The metamorphosis of the butterfly atlas' The Southern African

  5. NRF Republic of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dintrans, Boris

    1 NRF Republic of South Africa GDRI Project Groupement de Recherche International International Africa called SACCLAP (Seasonal and Annual trends of Air quality at the South Africa scale and its impact Research Consortium Atmospheric Research in Southern Africa and Indian Ocean (ARSAIO) September 2008 #12

  6. Country Energy Profile, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

  7. Rethinking the Wild Coast, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Rethinking the Wild Coast, South Africa Eco-frontiers vs livelihoods in Pondoland Sylvain Guyot. Introduction to the Wild Coast of the Eastern Cape, South Africa.................... 35 3. TRALSO's involvement in Pondoland, South Africa.................................................... 101 1. Introduction

  8. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    White Paper on South Africa’s Energy Policy is the firstfor Electricity. South Africa: Department of Energy. From2030 - IRP. From South Africa Department of Energy: http://

  9. Michigan State University Cooperation with South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    Michigan State University Cooperation with South Africa: Forty Years of Partnerships African President of South Africa 1994-1999 #12;ii Michigan State University Cooperation with South Africa Table of Contents Introduction: Michigan and MSU Engagement in Africa and South Africa The Beginnings

  10. Guayule rubber for South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    It is reported that Agtec together with South Africa's Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, is investigating the possibility of large-scale production of guayule. The rubber-yielding shrub grows in semi-arid climates and may be the source of a $35-million natural rubber industry in South Africa.

  11. Energy Efficient Refrigerators Incentive Program Options for South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Covary, Unlimited Energy, South Africa and Paul Waide, WaideCA 94720 Unlimited Energy 2 South Africa Waide Strategicof refrigerator energy efficiency for South Africa. The

  12. VoIP Deregulation In South Africa: Implications for Underserviced Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    VoIP Deregulation In South Africa: Implications for Underserviced Areas Marshini Chetty a marshiniDept of Computer Science, University of Cape Town, South Africa cPolicy Associate, Bridges.org, South Africa Protocol (VoIP) in South Africa. Previously, VoIP could only be utilised by the incumbent

  13. Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Lessons From South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinfeld, Daniel

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Southern Africa (1995), South Africa’s Nine Provinces:Human Development Profile, South Africa: Development Bank ofRegionalism in the New South Africa, Brookfield, U.S. :

  14. 22 July 2014 Cape Town, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    22 July 2014 Cape Town, South Africa 20 years of democracy in SA, 25 years since the fall Social Sciences Building, Upper Campus The Delegation of the European Union to South Africa, as part of its EU Inspiring Thinkers Series, along with the German Embassy in South Africa and the University

  15. SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA George F R Ellis A DISCUSSION DOCUMENT for the Royal Society of South Africa February 14, 2001 #12;i Preface This science policy discussion document has been written by Prof G F R Ellis (University of Cape Town) on behalf of the Royal Society of South Africa

  16. Environment and Land in Bushbuckridge, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environment and Land in Bushbuckridge, South Africa © 2002, Professor Robert Thornton Department of Anthropology University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Acknowledgements: Research), and by the Centre for Science Development, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa. Printed:24 April

  17. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    White Paper on South Africa’s Energy Policy is the first2012a) ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN SOUTH AFRICA GENERAL POLICYENERGY EFFICIENCY IN SOUTH AFRICA . 17 G ENERAL POLICY

  18. Embassy of France in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Embassy of France in South Africa PhD and Research Grants 2012 - 2013 The French Embassy bursary in South Africa - Supporting letter from supervisor in France To request application forms or any for South African researchers towards French institutions of higher education. The programme offers

  19. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  20. The Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    The Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarships The Rothschild Group has been at the centre, Rebekah Naidoo, Mandisa Mabunda, Londiwe Mahlambi Rothschild (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd is an Authorised FSP should Be a South African citizen Be a third year Commerce student, intending to study an honours or PGD

  1. CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE PALEOPROTEROZOIC DUITSCHLAND FORMATION, SOUTH AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Alan Jay

    CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE PALEOPROTEROZOIC DUITSCHLAND FORMATION, SOUTH AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS the only unequivocal glacial unit of this era in the Transvaal Basin, South Africa. Lithologic evidence Park 2006, Johannesburg, South Africa. [American Journal of Science, Vol. 301, March, 2001, P. 261

  2. Location and Institution SOUTH AFRICA -PRETORIA FORDHAM UNIVERSITY -UBUNTU PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galles, David

    Location and Institution SOUTH AFRICA - PRETORIA FORDHAM UNIVERSITY - UBUNTU demographics, and South Africa. Students will also take a required module in Sociology holders need a student visa to enter and study in South Africa, which must

  3. SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA Want to find out studying the multiple concerns facing South Africa as it strives to become one. Take three academically engaging courses: The History & Politics of South Africa

  4. United Nations Climate Change Conference Durban, South Africa 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viola, Ronald

    United Nations Climate Change Conference Durban, South Africa 2011 COP17/CMP7 #12; The Conferences presents a unique opportunity for South Africa to promote and publicly initiate the transition to a green, President of South Africa Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, Minister of Foreign Affairs of South Africa President

  5. The Namibian Transport and Energy System: Dependency and Disengagement from South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mwase, Ngila

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dependent on South Africa for her energy supplies atand Energy System: Dependency and Disengagement from South AfricaSouth Africa provides about 12 percent of Namibian energy

  6. Present at the Creation: Founding Party Dominance in South Africa and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Mark Yaron

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Afrobarometer. 2002. South Africa, Round 2. Access online:data __________. 2004. South Africa, Round 2.5. Accessdata __________. 2006. South Africa, Round 3. Access online:

  7. Creating New Leaders: Youth Involvement in Community Activism in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Amber R

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    July 27, 2009, Cape Town, South Africa. 23 Sipho,participant, July 27, 2009, Cape Town, South Africa. 245, 2009, Qumbu, South Africa. 25 Paki, youth participant,

  8. Sequence stratigraphic development of the Neoarchean Transvaal carbonate platform, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumner, Dawn Y.; Beukes, Nicolas J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Griqualand West Sequence, South Africa; implications forUniversity, Johannesburg, South Africa, 326pp. Duane, M.J. ;Transvaal Sequence, South Africa. Economic Geology, 86,

  9. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    accessed March 1, 2013). South Africa, Republic of. NationalGovernment Printer. South Africa, Republic of. Nationalattachments/03475_pubfinmanact1.pdf South Africa, Republic

  10. South African National Biodiversity Institute and University of Cape Town (South Africa) Postdoctoral Fellow (1position)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South African National Biodiversity Institute and University of Cape Town (South Africa from designated groups in terms of South Africa's employment equity targets will have preference) Postdoctoral Fellow (1position) (Two year Contract) The South African National Biodiversity Institute

  11. Post-apartheid transformations and population change around Dwesa-Cwebe nature reserve, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Derick A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and resettlement in South Africa’s Transkei. Ph.D. thesis.Cwebe nature reserves, South Africa. In: The rights andbased development on South Africa’s Wild Coast (eds. Palmer,

  12. Threatened Species in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    EIA ­ Environmental Impact Assessment EMI ­ Environmental Management Inspector GBIF ­ Global ­ South African National Parks SANSA ­ South African National Survey of Arachnida SARCA ­ Southern African

  13. RESILIENCE IN HOME-BASED CAREGIVERS IN LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    I 188 RESILIENCE IN HOME-BASED CAREGIVERS IN LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA Theresa M. Mieh, McNair Scholar-based caregivers (HBCs) in Limpopo South Africa. The PEN-3 model is used to investigate cultural influences on care cultures. Data were gathered from participants' responses in 4 focus group interviews held in South Africa

  14. Ganoderma in South Africa Article prepared by Dr Martin Coetzee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganoderma in South Africa Article prepared by Dr Martin Coetzee Ganoderma is a genus of wood-wide. In South Africa, a number of Ganoderma species have been reported from various indigenous and introduced linked with this disease in South Africa are G. lucidum and G. applinatum. It is known, however

  15. An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa: implications for the origins of herding did cattle come to South Africa? Radiocarbon dates on a newly found cow horn indicates a time, the authors favour immigrants moving along a western route through Namibia. Keywords: South Africa

  16. Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albrecht, David

    Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University

  17. Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albrecht, David

    Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C General; Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia

  18. HealtH researcH in soutH africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    HealtH researcH in soutH africa the africa centre for Health and Population studies investigating the health problems that affect south africa, africa and the rest of the world UKZN (Durban) · · Agincourt Centre · Wellcome Trust-funded research in South Africa SOUTH AFRICA #12;Wellcome Trust | Health research

  19. The Economic Impact of The Coca-Cola System on South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    The Economic Impact of The Coca-Cola System on South Africa Prepared by Division of Research March 2005 SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA #12;The Economic Impact of The Coca-Cola System on South Africa-Cola system's economic impact on South Africa. Conducted during 2003-04, the study represents a wide

  20. Inaugural IEEE PES 2005 Conference and Exposition in Africa Durban, South Africa, 11-15 July 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    Inaugural IEEE PES 2005 Conference and Exposition in Africa Durban, South Africa, 11-15 July 2005 in the U.S., Canada, South Africa, Brazil, Venezuela, Russia, Korea, India and Japan. Also briefly, South Africa, South Korea, and India, and two lines in the 1000-1200 kV range in Russia and Japan

  1. The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...

  2. apartheid south africa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and recognize claims for self-determination by Indigenous Foster, Laura A. 2011-01-01 424 Technology assessment of renewable energy sustainability in South Africa. Open Access...

  3. age south africa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and recognize claims for self-determination by Indigenous Foster, Laura A. 2011-01-01 413 Technology assessment of renewable energy sustainability in South Africa. Open Access...

  4. area south africa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and recognize claims for self-determination by Indigenous Foster, Laura A. 2011-01-01 452 Technology assessment of renewable energy sustainability in South Africa. Open Access...

  5. South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    "EC-LEDS" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSouthAfrica-EnhancingCapacityforLowEmissionDevelopmentStrategies(EC-LEDS)&oldid698590" Category:...

  6. Author Addresses: J.A. van Biljon, School of Computing, University of South Africa, P O Box 392, UNISA, 0003, South Africa; vbiljja@unisa.ac.za

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, John

    Addresses: J.A. van Biljon, School of Computing, University of South Africa, P O Box 392, UNISA, 0003, South Africa; vbiljja@unisa.ac.za P Kotze, School of Computing, University of South Africa, P O Box 392, UNISA, 0003, South Africa; kotzep@unisa.ac.za K. V. Renaud, Department of Computing Science, The University

  7. Breaking news: Biological control agent for Thaumastocoris peregrinus to be released in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    milestone in terms of ensuring sustainable plantation forestry in South Africa was safe to release in South Africa as a biological control agent. The release strategy for C. noackae in South Africa must still be finalized. But

  8. The Effect of Labor Migration and Remittances on Children's Education Among Blacks in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Yao; Treiman, Donald J.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1995-1998. ” Pp. 83-94 in Measuring Poverty in South Africa.Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. Carter, M.R. and J.and Class in Rural South Africa. ” World Development 27(1):

  9. TESTING VIRGINITY: HIV/AIDS, MODERNITY & ETHNICITY IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leak, Tia-Nicole

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1964. Davenport, T.R.H. South Africa: a modern history. 4thIn The Oxford History of South Africa, edited by Monica L.Gilliomee. The shaping of South Africa 1652?1840. Cape Town:

  10. Population structure of the fungal pathogen Holocryphia eucalypti in Australia and South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Population structure of the fungal pathogen Holocryphia eucalypti in Australia and South Africa, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. B Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. C School of Biological Sciences

  11. APORDE -African Programme on Rethinking Development Economics 5 -19 May 2011, Johannesburg, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Africa Supported by the Department of Trade and Industry of South Africa (the dti), the French Development Agency (AFD), and the French Embassy in South Africa, with the French Institute of South Africa Development Economics APORDE) will be held in Johannesburg (South Africa) from the 5th to the 19th of May 2011

  12. Assessing the performance of SIA in the EIA context: A case study of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pisani, Jacobus A. du [School of Social and Government Studies, North-West University, Potchefstroom, P.O. Box 19772, 2522 Noordbrug (South Africa)]. E-mail: gskjadp@puk.ac.za; Sandham, Luke A. [School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Potchefstroom (South Africa)

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This article, a theoretical perspective based on a literature study, is a critical evaluation of SIA as part of the EIA process in South Africa against the background of international guidelines and best practices. It includes sections on the historical background of the development of SIA in South Africa, the legal status and requirements of SIA in the country, and a critical evaluation of SIA regulation in South Africa. The conclusion reached in the article is that the persistent problems of SIA practice, experienced in other parts of the world, are also evident in South Africa. Apart from institutional, financial and professional constraints, there are also serious problems associated with approach and methods. This conclusion confirms the findings of empirical studies that SIA in South Africa is neglected, that the practice of SIA in South Africa is not yet on a sound footing, and that it does not receive the professional attention it deserves in a country beset by enormous social challenges. To conclude the article recommendations are made to improve the level of SIA practice in South Africa, and the possible significance of this national case study for international practice is indicated.

  13. Sequence stratigraphic development of the Neoarchean Transvaal carbonate platform, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumner, Dawn Y.; Beukes, Nicolas J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Group, Griqualand West Sequence, South Africa; implicationsgold deposits, Transvaal Sequence, South Africa. Economic476. Elrick, M. (1996). Sequence stratigraphy and platform

  14. Study in South Africa and Lesotho A Curriculum Development Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viola, Ronald

    Teachers Study in South Africa and Lesotho A Curriculum Development Project Integrating Visual Arts about the cultures and history of the Basotho people of southern Africa Participate in seminars-Hays award, graduate credit and/or CEUs Visit non-malarial and low risk areas in southern Africa and enjoy

  15. You are invited to the 8th Annual Africa Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates and Scholars Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    You are invited to the 8th Annual Africa Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates, Botswana, Belgium, Kenya, and South Africa. The participants are from multidisciplinary backgrounds. Key Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates and Scholars Conference (AYGS) University of Johannesburg

  16. South Africa European Union Summit SIDE EVENT ON WATER RESEARCH FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 South Africa ­ European Union Summit SIDE EVENT ON WATER RESEARCH FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Department of Biodiversity, University of Limpopo, South Africa Dr. Dominique ROLLIN, CEMAGREF, French Joint, South Africa Dr Mbhuti HLOPHE, Department of Chemistry, North West University, South Africa Prof K

  17. A strategy for low income housing in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niazmand, Seyed Safadin

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is the intent of this thesis to investigate an alternative strategy for design and implementation of low cost housing in South Africa. For this purpose a site is chosen and a design strategy is formulated. The core ...

  18. Entrepreneurship in South Africa : improving access to finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amanda, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For a rapidly developing country, South Africa has relatively very low levels of entrepreneurship. This thesis will investigate the reasons for the anemic number of new ventures and, most specifically, tries to address one ...

  19. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TARGET APPLIANCE Solar Water Heater (low and high pressure)content/solar-water-heaters-save- electricity-south-africaOffer Program SWH – Solar Water Heater F IGURES F IGURE 1. E

  20. Prince Edward Is (South Africa) -Boonzaier et al. 95 a brieF history oF Fishing in the Prince edward islands, south aFrica,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    Prince Edward Is (South Africa) - Boonzaier et al. 95 a brieF history oF Fishing in the Prince edward islands, south aFrica, 1950­20101 Lisa Boonzaier, Sarah Harper, Dirk Zeller, and Daniel Pauly Sea.pauly@fisheries.ubc.ca abstract To reconstruct the catch history in the waters of the Prince Edward Islands (South Africa) from

  1. Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarship 2015 To be considered for the Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarship for 2015, please fill in your details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarship ­ 2015 To be considered for the Rothschild South as confidential and will only be shared with the Rothschild South Africa Foundation 1. Please tell us about Africa Foundation Scholarship for 2015, please fill in your details and provide brief answers to the five

  2. Republic of South Africa Constitution Act 110 of 1983 To introduce a new constitution for the Republic of South Africa and to provide for matters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Republic of South Africa Constitution Act 110 of 1983 ACT To introduce a new constitution for the Republic of South Africa and to provide for matters incidental thereto. (English text signed by the State; and ARE DESIROUS OF GIVING THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA A CONSTITUTION which provides for elected and responsible

  3. Energy, Industry, and Transport in South-Central Africa’s History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavhunga, Clapperton Chakanets

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy must be seen in interaction with transportation and industry in order for its role in South-Central Africa to be fully understood. All three—energy, industry, and transportation—are themselves always socialized and ...

  4. Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid Murray Leibbrandt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid by Murray Leibbrandt University of Cape Town in South Africa between 1995 and 2000. We document substantial declines--on the order of 40%--in real Africa #12;Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid Murray Leibbrandt University of Cape Town

  5. South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Internationale...

  6. 2nd Edition Nov. 2011 CampusFrance South Africa Newsletter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    2nd Edition Nov. 2011 CampusFrance South Africa Newsletter Table of contents : o Current Bursary offered by the French Embassy aim to respond to South Africa and Lesotho's need to train and equip French per country) for Honours and Masters students from South Korea, Mexico, India, USA, South Africa

  7. South Africa 1-2 9/11 Arts Project 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmitt, William R.

    South Africa 1-2 9/11 Arts Project 3 Pine Ridge 4-5 Equine Therapy 6 Emotional Resources 7 Outsider on Carlyle Circle ArtTherapy in South Africa Expanding our Diversity Course by Becky Jacobson, 2nd year South to further introduce art therapy to the people of South Africa. Our group was composed of eleven students

  8. Sir --As 27 April 2004 marks ten years of multiracial democracy in South Africa,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sir -- As 27 April 2004 marks ten years of multiracial democracy in South Africa, it is appropriate, engineering and technology. The strategy rightly notes that, given South Africa's correspondence NATURE|VOL428 of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu-Natal, King George V Avenue, Durban 4041, South

  9. Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Risk-taking among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephenson, Robert; de Voux, Alex; Sullivan, Patrick S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HIV infection in South Africa--survival differences. QJM.disease and injury in South Africa. Popul Health Metr. 8(1):Have Sex with Men in South Africa Rob Stephenson, PhD* Alex

  10. Paleomagnetism of a lateritic paleoweathering horizon and overlying Paleoproterozoic red beds from South Africa: Implications for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Africa: Implications for the Kaapvaal apparent polar wander path and a confirmation of atmospheric: paleomagnetism, Paleoproterozoic, South Africa, apparent polar wander paths, paleoatmosphere, lateritic paleosols Paleoproterozoic red beds from South Africa: Implicat

  11. Economic Research Southern Africa (ERSA) is a research programme funded by the National Treasury of South Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maranas, Costas

    of South Africa. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those Europe, and the less likely it will be in Central and South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa. Finally, weEconomic Research Southern Africa (ERSA) is a research programme funded by the National Treasury

  12. Multi-project baselines for potential clean development mechanism projects in the electricity sector in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkler, H.; Spalding-Fecher, R.; Sathaye, J.; Price, L.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    projects in the electricity sector in South Africa. JournalMechanism projects in the electricity sector in South AfricaCDM projects in the electricity sector References UNFCCC,

  13. Ambient aromatic hydrocarbon measurements at Welgegund, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaars, K.; Beukes, J. P.; van Zyl, P. G.; Venter, A. D.; Josipovic, M.; Pienaar, J. J.; Vakkari, Ville; Aaltonen, H.; Laakso, H.; Kulmala, M.; Tiitta, P.; Guenther, Alex B.; Hellen, H.; Laakso, L.; Hakola, H.

    2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Aromatic hydrocarbons are associated with direct adverse human health effects and can have negative impacts on ecosystems due to their toxicity, as well as indirect negative effects through the formation of tropospheric ozone and secondary organic aerosol that affect human health, crop production and regional climate. Measurements were conducted at the Welgegund measurement station (South Africa) that is considered to be a regionally representative background site. However, the site is occasionally impacted by plumes from major anthropogenic source regions in the interior of South Africa, which include the western Bushveld Igneous Complex (e.g. platinum, base metal and ferrochrome smelters), the eastern Bushveld Igneous Complex (platinum and ferrochrome smelters), the Johannesburg-Pretoria metropolitan conurbation (>10 million people), the Vaal Triangle (e.g. petrochemical and industries), the Mpumalanga Highveld (e.g. coal-fired power plants and petrochemical industry) and also a region of anti-cyclonic recirculation of air mass over the interior of South Africa. The aromatic hydrocarbon measurements were conducted with an automated sampler on Tenax-TA and Carbopack-B adsorbent tubes with heated inlet for one year. Samples were collected twice a week for two hours during daytime and two hours 1 during night-time. A thermal desorption unit, connected to a gas chromatograph and a mass 2 selective detector was used for sample preparation and analysis. Results indicated that the 3 monthly median total aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations ranged between 0.01 to 3.1 ppb. 4 Benzene levels did not exceed local air quality standards. Toluene was the most abundant 5 species, with an annual median concentration of 0.63 ppb. No statistically significant 6 differences in the concentrations measured during daytime and night-time were found and no distinct seasonal patterns were observed. Air mass back trajectory analysis proved that the lack of seasonal cycles could be attributed to patterns determining the origin of the air masses sampled. Aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations were in general significantly higher in air masses that passed over anthropocentrically impacted regions. Interspecies correlations and ratios gave some indications of the possible sources for the different aromatic hydrocarbons in the source regions defined in the paper. The highest contribution of aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations to ozone formation potential was also observed in plumes passing over anthropocentrically impacted regions.

  14. A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labuschagne, Willem

    A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa J. Heidema, Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of South Africa W. Labuschagne, Dept. of Computer Science

  15. Development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Holdt, Christopher James

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This Record of Study presents the development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa. The study was performed within a multidisciplinary engineering consulting company in South Africa...

  16. From Havana With Love: A Critical Case Study of South-South Development Co-operation Operating Between Cuba and South Africa in the Health Care Sector 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammett, Daniel P

    This dissertation considers the impact of an inter-governmental agreement between Cuba and South Africa in the health sector. The agreement, first signed in 1997, seeks to mitigate the shortage of doctors in South Africa, especially in rural areas...

  17. Novel methods reveal shifts in migration phenology of barn swallows in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    1 Novel methods reveal shifts in migration phenology of barn swallows in South Africa Res Altwegg National Biodiversity Institute, P/Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa Animal Demography Unit, Department of Zoology and Department of Statistical Sciences, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa

  18. Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa. The program an introduction to the historical and the con- temporary South Africa as well as at least one post trip meeting@binghamton.edu or Josephine Allen at jaallen@binghamton.edu. Destination South Africa - Summer Course 2012 February 28th

  19. Judicial review of legislation: Constitutionalism personified in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Brink, Jeroen

    , the Netherlands and South Africa By Gerhard van der Schyff Supervisor: prof. dr. Paul Cliteur Although fast and South Africa. These systems provide fertile ground for comparison, as they present a spectrum judicial review. Clearly, a very measured approach to bipolar constitutionalism. South Africa inhabits

  20. Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa Yves Richard,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa Yves Richard,1 Nade`ge Martiny vegetation dynamics of semi-arid South Africa may preferably be driven by biological rather than hydrological (2008), Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L

  1. SAI Study Tour to South Africa "Cultural Immersion and Transformational Learning"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    11th SAI Study Tour to South Africa "Cultural Immersion and Transformational Learning" The Rutgers Graduate School of Education offers a unique 3-credit summer experience in South Africa; its schools and rural townships located in the Gauteng and Western Cape provinces of South Africa. Among the planned

  2. New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa Seonju LEE, South Africa. E-mail : slee@maties.sun.ac.za Received 3 April 2002; accepted 18 November 2002. A study of saprobic fungi occurring on the fynbos of the Western Cape Province of South Africa yielded four unknown

  3. Contextual appraisal of GM cotton diffusion in South Africa Michel Fok1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Contextual appraisal of GM cotton diffusion in South Africa Michel Fok1 , Jean-Luc Hofs1 , Marnus Gouse2 , Johann Kirsten2 1 CIRAD, France ; 2 University of Pretoria, South Africa Published in: Life the introduction of GMC and this causes observers to question the so-called success story of GMC in South Africa

  4. History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa* Paul N. Edwards and computers in apartheid South Africa, considering these systems ­ and apartheid more generally ­ as forms-apartheid activists, who fought to limit South Africa's access to these systems. We argue that nuclear systems enacted

  5. First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa BY T. A of Pretoria, 0002 Pretoria, South Africa. E-mail: Teresa. Coutinho@FABI.up.ac.za; 3 Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, University of the Orange Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa; 4 Agricultural

  6. Improving Crop Yield and Water Productivity by Ecological Sanitation and Water Harvesting in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    , University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South Africa *S Supporting Information and fertility constraints in rain- fed smallholder agriculture in South Africa, namely in situ water harvesting significantly increased maize yields by 12% and transpiration by 2% on average across South Africa. In situ

  7. Population structure and possible origin of Amylostereum areolatum in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Population structure and possible origin of Amylostereum areolatum in South Africa B. Slippers*², M, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 0002 The woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, and its symbiotic fungus was first reported from South Africa in 1994. In this study, the population diversity of A. areolatum

  8. Susceptibility of provenances and families of Pinus maximinoi and Pinus tecunumanii to frost in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in South Africa R. G. Mitchell · M. J. Wingfield · G. R. Hodge · W. S. Dvorak · T. A. Coutinho Received: 15+Business Media B.V. 2012 Abstract The future of South Africa's most important pine species, Pinus patula subtropical species that provide an alternative to planting P. patula on the warmer sites of South Africa

  9. "Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzerall, Denise

    "Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa Priscilla" Integrated Water Resources Management in South Africa" a. Natural Conditions and Hydrology b. Pollution c Services Act of 1997 IV. Evaluation: South Africa as a Case Study a. Environmental goals b. Equity goals c

  10. Breast health problems are rare in both HIV-infected and uninfected women supported to exclusively breastfeed in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    to exclusively breastfeed in South Africa RM Bland1,2 , R Becquet1,3,4 , NC Rollins5 , A Coutsoudis5 , HM, Somkhele, South Africa 2 Division of Developmental Medicine, University of Glasgow, UK 3 INSERM, Unité 593Zulu Natal, South Africa 6 Centre for HIV/AIDS Networking, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa 7 Centre

  11. International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007 Page 46 PERSPECTIVES of South America. Prior to joining FAO, Gillian worked in Africa for 12 years, including five years ON THE IMPENDING THREAT OF SIREX NOCTILIO TO AFRICA Gillian Allard Forestry Department, Food and Agriculture

  12. DETERMINATION, CONTROL AND IMPROVEMENT OF AN SKA RADIO ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    DETERMINATION, CONTROL AND IMPROVEMENT OF AN SKA RADIO ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA By Neël Smuts1 ABSTRACT South Africa, in its bid to host the SKA2 , has adopted a dual approach to determine, assess Recommendations and Resolutions and South African legal provisions. An overview of this process is provided. Even

  13. South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkarTopics Background analysisSouth

  14. South Africa and the 21st Century Power Partnership (Fact Sheet...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with energy efficiency and smart grid deployment measures. * Assist the Government of South Africa to build a workforce of power system experts through dedicated workshops and...

  15. Global Climate Change, Developing Countries and Transport Sector Options in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa (MSA) Action Agenda (May 1999) 36 Main policy thrusts .36 Key strategic issues..37 Key initiatives38 White Paper on Energy Policy (

  16. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    September 10, 2012). UN Global Compact Network South Africa.standards are the UN Global Compact (2009), the Organisationby joining the UN Global Compact. Amongst these are Sasol,

  17. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and South Africa are working to deliver concrete results that grow our economies through sustainable energy development and enhance our energy security," said U.S. Deputy...

  18. Sequence stratigraphic development of the Neoarchean Transvaal carbonate platform, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumner, Dawn Y.; Beukes, Nicolas J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 45, 604-614. Eriksson,South Africa. Journal of Petrology, 38, 651-676. Pickard,1997). Mineralogy and petrology of the contact metamorphosed

  19. Comrades still struggling: class, nationalism and the Tripartite Alliance in post-apartheid South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beresford, Alexander Roy

    2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the trajectories of class politics in post-apartheid South Africa. It investigates whether we can witness South African politics entering into a post-nationalist era characterised by the increasing salience of class struggles...

  20. International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007 Page 43 THE THREAT OF SIREX NOCTILIO AND OTHER ALIEN INVASIVE SPECIES IN AFRICA Clement Chilima FISNA Secretariat, Forestry Research the threat of alien invasive species to forest resources in Africa and the weak capacity of most African

  1. NORWAY-SOUTH AFRICA RESEARCH PROJECT TPCP/CTHB STUDENTS VISIT NORWAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NORWAY-SOUTH AFRICA RESEARCH PROJECT TPCP/CTHB STUDENTS VISIT NORWAY Recently two masters' students of visiting Norway to work with the Norwegian Forestry Research Institute (Skogforsk) in Ă?s. This opportunity arose from a bilateral agreement between the Governments of Norway and South Africa. For Gilbert

  2. Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration Renewable Energy in South Africa September 23, 2013 11:30 a.m. ­ 12:30 p.m, Engineering East 303C@fau.edu FAU's Division of Research and Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center invite you

  3. Recent Strikes in South Africa's Platinum-Group Metal Mines--Effects Upon World Platinum-Group Metal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Recent Strikes in South Africa's Platinum-Group Metal Mines--Effects Upon World Platinum.J., 2012, Recent strikes in South Africa's platinum-group metal mines--Effects upon world platinum........................................................................................................................................................... 5 Figures 1. Maps showing the (A) distribution and (B) geology of South Africa's platinum

  4. Fusarium ananatum sp. nov. in the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex from pineapples with fruit rot in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    rot in South Africa Adriaana JACOBSa, *, Pieter Schalk VAN WYKb , Walter F. O. MARASASc , Brenda D, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa b Soygro, PO Box 457, Hartswater, South Africa c Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI

  5. WORLDVIEW THEORY AND THE CONCEPTUALISATION OF SPACE Marc Schfer, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, M.Schafer@ru.ac.za

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    , Grahamstown, South Africa, M.Schafer@ru.ac.za Introduction The aim of this paper and presentation is to shareMathematicsin South Africa for example, sees space and shape within a context of social experiences. One and representexperienceswithshape,space,timeand motion, using all available senses" (Republic of South Africa, 1997). This apparent

  6. Earthquake Rupture at Focal Depth, Part I: Structure and Rupture of the Pretorius Fault, TauTona Mine, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ze'ev, Reches

    Tona Mine, South Africa V. HEESAKKERS,1,2 S. MURPHY,1,3 and Z. RECHES 1 Abstract--We analyze the structure of the Archaean Pretorius fault in TauTona mine, South Africa, as well as the rupture-zone that recently, South Africa 2011, this volume). Key words: Brittle faulting, fault reactivation, earthquake mechanics

  7. India and South Africa: comparisons, confluences, contrasts October 5th-6th 2012 Anatomy Museum, King's College London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    India and South Africa: comparisons, confluences, contrasts October 5th-6th 2012 Anatomy Museum/Coffee (Green Room) 11.30-1.00 `English in India and South Africa: comparisons, commonalities, contrasts.30-11.00 `Race and Caste in South Africa: allegories, alibis and analogues': Isabel Hofmeyr (University

  8. Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    �öltekin, Arzu

    1 Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa, Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Metereology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 2 GIScience Center, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Abstract South Africa is faced

  9. Electricity distribution industry restructuring, electrification, and competition in South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galen, P S

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the status of the South African electricity supply industry (ESI) and proposals for reorienting and restructuring it. South Africa has been intensely examining its ESI for more than 4 years in an effort to determine whether and how it should be restructured to best support the country`s new economic development and social upliftment goals. The debate has been spirited and inclusive of most ESI stakeholders. The demands on and expectations for the ESI are many and varied. The debate has reflected this diversity of interests and views. In essence, however, there is a consensus on what is expected of the industry, namely, to extend provision of adequate, reliable, and affordable electricity service to all citizens and segments of the economy. This means a large-scale electrification program to reach as many of the nearly 50% of households currently without electricity service as soon as possible, tariff reform to promote equity and efficiency, and the upgrading of service quality now being provided by some of the newly consolidated municipal authorities. The issues involved are how best to achieve these results within the context of the national Reconstruction and Development Program, while accounting for time and resource constraints and balancing the interests of the various parties.

  10. Power transmission investment analysis: a new financial Evaluation framework for South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maboke, Silky Ntombifuthi; Kachienga, Michael Ogembo

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A proposed framework for power transmission expansion projects in South Africa incorporates the modeling of project options and uncertainties, Monte Carlo simulations, real option analysis, and decision analysis, based on a foundation of strategic analysis. (author)

  11. Rural development in practice? The experience of the ‡Khomani bushmen in the Northern Cape, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Julie

    2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis analyses the dynamics, complexities and numerous obstacles that serve to constrain rural development within the ‡Khomani Community of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Following the end of Apartheid, ...

  12. Environmental Entanglements: The Intersectionality of Youth Participation in an Eco-Schools Club in South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Sertanya

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Youth participation in environmental issues tends to be unquestionably accepted simply as something ‘good’. This research takes a step back to critically explore youth participation in an Eco-Schools club in a girls’ high school in South Africa...

  13. Solar capabilities : promoting, technological learning in South Africa's photovoltaic supply industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Janelle N., 1978-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I explore the mechanisms through which technological capabilities have been built in the market for photovoltaic (PV) module and balance of system (BOS) manufacture in South Africa. Drawing on the literature on technology ...

  14. Southern Hemisphere Forestry Journal 2007, 69(2): 103109 Printed in South Africa --All rights reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern Hemisphere Forestry Journal 2007, 69(2): 103­109 Printed in South Africa -- All rights reserved Copyright © NISC Pty Ltd SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE FORESTRY JOURNAL ISSN 1991­931X doi: 10.2989/SHFJ) in South African forestry nurseries BP Hurley1,4*, B Slippers2,4, TA Coutinho3,4, BD Wingfield2,4, P

  15. DOES ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ENABLE THE UPTAKE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN SOUTH AFRICA?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 DOES ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ENABLE THE UPTAKE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN SOUTH AFRICA? G to electricity. The socio-political benefits of the national electrification programme are documented correlation of SMMEs and electricity access in poor rural areas does sem apparent. 1. INTRODUCTION The South

  16. Grant Proposal For Research In South Africa The research and work that I hope to conduct through this grant seeks to look at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant Proposal For Research In South Africa Abstract The research and work that I hope to conduct in the conservation of South Africa's wildlife. With the fall of apartheid rule in 1994, the conservation of South agencies play in the conservation sector of South Africa, and what effect the influx of outside ideas has

  17. Constructing Ambiguous Identities: Negotiating Race, Respect and Social Change in 'Coloured' Schools in Cape Town, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammett, Daniel P

    2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    South African social relations in the second decade of democracy remain framed by race. Spatial and social lived realities, the continued importance of belonging – to feel part of a community, mean that identifying as ‘coloured’ in South Africa...

  18. A review of EIA report quality in the North West province of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandham, Luke A. [Environmental Assessment Research Group, School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom (South Africa)], E-mail: luke.sandham@nwu.ac.za; Pretorius, Hester M. [P.O. Box 6859, Ansfrere, 1711 (South Africa)], E-mail: hpret@webmail.co.za

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The revised EIA regulations implemented on 3 July 2006 focused attention on the question of EIA effectiveness in South Africa. EIR quality review is one of the quality control functions contributing to EIA effectiveness within any EIA system, therefore the EIR quality review package developed by Lee and Colley was adapted and used to review the quality of a sample of 28 EIRs in the North West province of South Africa. Overall, 86% of the reports achieved satisfactory grades, with the descriptive and presentational elements of the EIRs more satisfactorily addressed, and the analytical components such as impact significance, addressed to a less satisfactory degree. EIR quality appears to be on par with international standards, but there are areas of distinct weakness. Further research is required to optimise quality review, and to reveal whether the new regulations have succeeded in addressing these weaknesses and made positive contributions to EIR quality, as a component of EIA effectiveness in South Africa.

  19. South Africa is shortlisted to host a major scientific facility -the Square Kilometre Array (SKA). The SKA is a next-generation radio telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa is shortlisted to host a major scientific facility - the Square Kilometre Array (SKA instrument in a radio-quiet area in the arid Karoo region of South Africa's Northern Cape Province. Further the fron- tiers of science and technology, South Africa's SKA project attracts the brightest and most

  20. Transmission probabilities of HIV and HSV-2, effect of male circumcision and interaction: a longitudinal study in a township of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    : a longitudinal study in a township of South Africa Séverin-Guy Mahiane mahianes@yahoo.fr Ecole Nationale-Paré, APHP, Boulogne, France Dirk Taljaard dirk@progressus.co.za Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa@nicd.ac.za National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa Aurélie Peillon Aureliepeillon

  1. Effect of HSV-2 serostatus on the acquisition of HIV by young men: results of a longitudinal study conducted in Orange Farm (South Africa)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    conducted in Orange Farm (South Africa) Joelle Sobngwi - Tambekou jtambekou@yahoo.fr INSERM U687, Villejuif, France Dirk Taljaard dirk@progressus.co.za Progressus, Johannesburg, South Africa Pascale Lissouba, South Africa Emmanuel Lagarde emmanuel.lagarde@isped.u- bordeaux2.fr INSERM U593, Bordeaux, France

  2. INTERNATIONAL UNION OF FORESTRY RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS (IUFRO) MANAGEMENT MEETS IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNATIONAL UNION OF FORESTRY RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS (IUFRO) MANAGEMENT MEETS IN SOUTH AFRICA of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO). IUFRO is one of the world's oldest scientific organizations, well forestry focus, FABI staff and students were delighted to be able to meet and entertain the leaders

  3. Geochronology of the Sikombe Granite, Transkei, Natal Metamorphic Province, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, William P.

    Geochronology of the Sikombe Granite, Transkei, Natal Metamorphic Province, South Africa Robert J of the syntectonic, gneissose Sikombe Granite from northeastern Transkei (Eastern Cape Province). The outcrops form of three samples of the Sikombe Granite give consistent, positive Nd values (+4 at t = 1180 Ma) showing

  4. The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -) ) The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony Paper to be presented* In this study we investigate into determinants of households' small and micro enterprise (SME) activities suggest a doubled number of SME's in the country's deep rural areas between 1997 and 2004. A growing

  5. UNIVERSITY SURNAME FIRST NAME NATIONALITY EMAIL SEMESTER South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jüttler, Bert

    Seoul National University Min Jungki Korea 2mjk0811[at]naver.com WS Mongolia National University of Mongolia Munkhbat Battulga Mongolia tuka_tulgaa[at]yahoo.com WS + SS Mongolian University of Science and Technology Boldtseren Solongo Mongolia solongo_216[at]yahoo.com WS + SS AFRICA ASIA #12;Taiwan National Sun

  6. Johannesburg, South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInterias SolarJaneJefferson,Information PV CorpJms solarAfrica:

  7. Paternalism and Law: The micropolitics of farm workers’ evictions and rural activism in the Western Cape of South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nolan, Pauline J

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis deals with the micro-politics of farm workers’ evictions. It documents farm workers’ narratives of the processes of eviction and displacement from farms in the Western Cape of South Africa. It analyses farm ...

  8. Contesting citizenship: Civil society struggles over livelihood and educational access in coastal settlements of the Western Cape, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Carolyn

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines how citizenship is being contested in post-apartheid South Africa through civil society struggles over livelihood and educational access in coastal settlements of the Western Cape. It contends that ...

  9. No Readership for Peace? American News Media Coverage of Transitional Justice in South Africa and Sierra Leone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Amy

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines how the New York Times, Chicago Tribune, and Los Angeles Times covered and represented the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and Special Court for Sierra Leone...

  10. A comparison of Mexico's Border Industry Program with the Border Industry Program of South Africa and its Bantu homelands 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notzon, Brian Anthony

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A COMPARISON OF MEXICO'S BORDER INDUSTRY PROGRAM WITH THE BORDER INDUSTRY PROGRAM OF SOUTH AFRICA AND ITS BANTU HOMELANDS A Thesis by BRIAN ANTHONY NOTZON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1973 Ma)or Sub)ect: Economics A COMPARISON OP MEXICO'S BORDER INDUSTRY PROGRAM WITH THE BORDER INDUSTRY PROGRAM OF SOUTH AFRICA AND ITS BANTU HOMELANDS A Thesis by BRIAN ANTHONY NOTZON Approved...

  11. Facilitating the improved management of waste in South Africa through a national waste information system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Godfrey, Linda [CSIR, Natural Resources and the Environment, P.O. Box 395, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa)], E-mail: lgodfrey@csir.co.za

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing a waste information system (WIS) for a country is more than just about collecting routine data on waste; it is about facilitating the improved management of waste by providing timely, reliable information to the relevant role-players. It is a means of supporting the waste governance challenges facing South Africa - challenges ranging from strategic waste management issues at national government to basic operational challenges at local government. The paper addresses two hypotheses. The first is that the identified needs of government can provide a platform from which to design a national WIS framework for a developing country such as South Africa, and the second is that the needs for waste information reflect greater, currently unfulfilled challenges in the sustainable management of waste. Through a participatory needs analysis process, it is shown that waste information is needed by the three spheres of government, to support amongst others, informed planning and decision-making, compliance monitoring and enforcement, community participation through public access to information, human, infrastructure and financial resource management and policy development. These needs for waste information correspond closely with key waste management challenges currently facing the country. A shift in governments approach to waste, in line with national and international policy, is evident from identified current and future waste information needs. However, the need for information on landfilling remains entrenched within government, possibly due to the poor compliance of landfill sites in South Africa and the problems around the illegal disposal of both general and hazardous waste.

  12. Connecting with South Africa: Cultural Communication and Understanding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, Astrid

    2012-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    of an infant clinic in Khayelitsha, a South African township. Chapter 2, “And What about the Infant?” is a biopsychosocial treatise concerning the infant Foreword ( ???) in breadth and depth, and it includes a clinical case. Chapter 3, “The Baby’s Name... care clinic would offer me none of this, but what I did not know was that I would have to engage in a process, the complexity of which I had not envisioned. When my professor suggested that I also work in the community I decided to go to a township...

  13. South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound Beach, NewfromSouth

  14. South Mississippi Electric Power Association Smart Grid Project (Mississippi)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South Mississippi Electric Power Association’s (SMEPA) smart grid project involves the deployment of advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) and covers the Generation and Transmission (G&T)...

  15. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 05 July 2012 BIDS AWARDED PROCUREMENT OF VEHICLES FOR THE OPERATION@ska.ac.za 1st Floor 17 Baker Street Rosebank Johannesburg South Africa 2196 Tel: +27 (0) 11 442 2434 Fax: +27

  16. The emperor's new clothes - Reflections on strategic environmental assessment (SEA) practice in South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Retief, Francois [School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North West University (Potchefstroom campus), Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520 (South Africa)], E-mail: francois.retief@nwu.ac.za; Jones, Carys [EIA Centre, School of Environment and Development, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)], E-mail: carys.jones@manchester.ac.uk; Jay, Stephen [Faculty of Development and Society, Sheffield Hallam University, Howard Street, Sheffield, S1 1WB (United Kingdom)], E-mail: s.a.jay@shu.ac.uk

    2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of research which evaluated the performance of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) practice in South Africa in order to develop understanding of how SEA functions within a developing country with a voluntary SEA system. The research applied a combination of methods in a mixed research strategy, including a macro level survey of the SEA system together with case study reviews exploring micro level application. Three main 'system features' emerged, namely expansion of voluntary practice, diversity in practice and general ineffectiveness. The results also highlight a number of 'application features' such as a lack of focus due to an inability to deal with the concepts of 'sustainability' and 'significance', as well as poor understanding and integration with decision-making processes. Moreover, it emerged that none of the case studies seem to have conducted an 'assessment' per se, but rather provided a framework for strategic decision-making. The paper puts forward a number of interrelated explanations for these system and application features. In a parallel to the fable of the 'emperor's new clothes', SEA in South Africa appears to be regarded as the answer to all environmental problems, whilst being ineffective in practice.

  17. 11-06-03 3:43 AMPolice officer seeks truth in South Africa -Winnipeg Free Press Page 1 of 3http://www.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?expire=&title=Police+offic...com%2Flocal%2Fpolice-officer-seeks-truth-in-south-africa-123086533.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeff

    11-06-03 3:43 AMPolice officer seeks truth in South Africa - Winnipeg Free Press Page 1 of 3http://www.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?expire=&title=Police+offic...com%2Flocal%2Fpolice-officer-seeks-truth-in-south-africa truth in South Africa By: Nick Martin Posted: 06/3/2011 1:00 AM | Comments: 0 #12;11-06-03 3:43 AMPolice

  18. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 04 July 2012 BIDS AWARDED KAT 7 AND MEERKAT BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, 2 March 2012 at 11:00 Name of the Successful Bidders: Schneider- Electric South Africa Ceiling Price: tcheetham@ska.ac.za / mabela@ska.ac.za 1st Floor 17 Baker Street Rosebank Johannesburg South Africa 2196 Tel

  19. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 1st Floor The Park 17 Baker Street 3rd Floor Rosebank Park Rd Johannesburg Pinelands South Africa South Africa 2196 7405 Tel: +27 (0) 11 442 2434 +27 (0)21 506 7300 Fax: +27 (0) 11

  20. Two orders of teleost fish, the Gymnotiformes from South America and the Mormyroidei in Africa, have independently

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoddard, Philip

    Two orders of teleost fish, the Gymnotiformes from South America and the Mormyroidei in Africa flowing through sensory electroreceptor organs in the fish's skin. Electric fish can locate and identify been made in studies of electric fish and the central neurophysiology of electrosensory systems

  1. 1999 IEEE ITW, Kruger National Park, South Africa, June 20 -25 Transmit Power Allocation for Gaussian Multiple Access Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Ralf R.

    1999 IEEE ITW, Kruger National Park, South Africa, June 20 - 25 Transmit Power Allocation minimizing the sum energy of all users for xed rates. In the following we focus on the second case. Instead to the diversity model. II. Uniqueness of Optimum Transmit Energy Considering transmission of K users to M

  2. African Wind Energy Association - South Africa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki HomeASNAddGlobeJumpAdaptationsWind Energy

  3. Characterization of novel rice germplasm from West Africa and genetic marker associations with rice cooking quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traore, Karim

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Genetic resource enhancement is the foundation of any good breeding program. Landraces from West Africa, interspecifics between Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima and improved lines from the West African Rice Development Association and other...

  4. Does enhanced regulation improve EIA report quality? Lessons from South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandham, L.A., E-mail: luke.sandham@nwu.ac.za [Environmental Assessment Research Group, School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520 (South Africa); Heerden, A.J. van [Environmental Assessment Research Group, School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520 (South Africa); Jones, C.E. [School of Environment and Development, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Retief, F.P.; Morrison-Saunders, A.N. [Environmental Assessment Research Group, School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520 (South Africa)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, various EIA systems have been subjected to system review processes with a view to improve performance. Many of these reviews resulted in some form of legislative reform. The South African Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) regulations were modified in 2006 with the express intent to improve EIA effectiveness. In order to evaluate to what extent the desired outcome was achieved, the quality of EIA reports produced under the 2006 regulations was investigated for comparative analysis with the preceding regime. A sample of EIA reports from the two legislative regimes was reviewed using an adapted version of a well established method known colloquially as the 'Lee and Colley' review package. Despite some improvements in certain aspects, overall report quality has decreased slightly from the 1997 EIA regime. It therefore appears that the modifications to the regulations, often heralded as the solution to improvements in performance have not resulted in improved quality of EIA reports. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EIA regulations in South Africa were revised and became more comprehensive in 2006. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The report quality of a sample of EIAs was reviewed using the Lee and Colley review package. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Report quality showed a slight decline from the previous regulatory regime. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EIA good practice needs flexibility rather than over-detailed regulation.

  5. Effectiveness of Patient Adherence Groups as a Model of Care for Stable Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in Khayelitsha, Cape Town, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernan, Miguel Angel

    Abstract: Background: Innovative models of care are required to cope with the ever-increasing number of patients on antiretroviral therapy in the most affected countries. This study, in Khayelitsha, South Africa, evaluates ...

  6. A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Sharon E.

    A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa 2007 #12;2 Abstract In the Southern Hemisphere over Africa a mid-tropospheric easterly jet stream exists during some months that is analogous to the African Easterly Jet over West Africa. In this note

  7. A comparison of Mexico's Border Industry Program with the Border Industry Program of South Africa and its Bantu homelands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notzon, Brian Anthony

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to permit develop- ment of interior areas. The p1ants assemble products from compo- nents manufactured in the United States, and under U. S. Tariff Items 806. 30 and 807. 00, the finished products may be exported to the United States subJect to duties... the Programs And Increasing Their Effectiveness 97 Additional Comments on Racial Policies and. Decentralization Efforts in South Africa 109 Concluding Remarks 113 APPENDIX: UNITED STATES TARIFF PROVISIONS 122 LIST OF TABLES TABLE I: MINIMUM DAILY WAGES...

  8. South Africa South Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tchumper, Gregory S.

    Thought May 16-29 $3,500 3 hours of ACCY 516 EUSA London Internship May 16-July 2 $7,200 3 hours Insurance Practices in London May 16-28 $2,850 3 hours of BUS 380 #12;London School of Economics Session I credit Watercolor in London August 1-13 $2,850 3 hours of ART 326, 426, or 526 World Literature in London

  9. Joint implementation initiatives in South Africa: A case study of two energy-efficiency projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Horen, C.; Simmonds, G.; Parker, G.

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores the issues pertinent to Joint Implementation (JI) in South Africa by examining two prototype potential projects on energy efficiency with the potential for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The first is an energy-efficient lighting project based on the public electricity utility, Eskom's plan for a compact fluorescent lighting program in the residential sector. The analysis indicates that the CFL program could avoid emissions of up to 243 thousand tons of carbon over the first five years, at negative cost (that is, with a positive economic return). The second project involves the delivery of passive solar, energy-efficient housing to a low-income township in the Western Cape Province, at an incremental capital cost of approximately $2.5m for the 6000 houses. In this case, the avoided GHG emissions over the first five years amount to between 14 and 20 tons of carbon, and over the 50 year life-span of the project it will result to 140 to 200 thousand tons of avoided emissions at a cost of $13 to $17 per ton. The housing project has significant non-GHG benefits such as savings on energy bills and health, which accrue to the low-income dwellers. A number of important JI-specific issues and concerns emerge with respect to the two projects, which can also be applied to other potential JI opportunities in the country generally. These include the issues of carbon credit sharing, for which a number of scenarios are suggested, as well as estimating unknown macroeconomic impacts, such as the effects of CFLs on the country's incandescent lighting industry. Findings from an examination of both potential projects conclude that capacity-building within the country is critical to ensure that the technology being transferred balances efficiency, cost and quality appropriate to the South African context. Finally, assessment and evaluation, monitoring and verification criteria and institutions are called for to guarantee measurable long-term environmental, economic and other non-GHG related benefits of potential JI projects.

  10. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in leachates from selected landfill sites in South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Odusanya, David O. [Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, 175 Nelson Mandela Drive, Arcadia, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa); Okonkwo, Jonathan O. [Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, 175 Nelson Mandela Drive, Arcadia, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa)], E-mail: OkonkwoOJ@tut.ac.za; Botha, Ben [Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, 175 Nelson Mandela Drive, Arcadia, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa)

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The last few decades have seen dramatic growth in the scale of production and the use of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as flame retardants. Consequently, PBDEs such as BDE -28, -47, -66, -71, -75, -77, -85, -99, -100, -119, -138, -153, -154, and -183 have been detected in various environmental matrices. Generally, in South Africa, once the products containing these chemicals have outlived their usefulness, they are discarded into landfill sites. Consequently, the levels of PBDEs in leachates from landfill sites may give an indication of the general exposure and use of these compounds. The present study was aimed at determining the occurrence and concentrations of most common PBDEs in leachates from selected landfill sites. The extraction capacities of the solvents were also tested. Spiked landfill leachate samples were used for the recovery tests. Separation and determination of the PBDE congeners were carried out with a gas chromatograph equipped with Ni{sup 63} electron capture detector. The mean percentage recoveries ranged from 63% to 108% (n = 3) for landfill leachate samples with petroleum ether giving the highest percentage extraction. The mean concentrations of PBDEs obtained ranged from ND to 2670 pg l{sup -1}, ND to 6638 pg l{sup -1}, ND to 7230 pg l{sup -1}, 41 to 4009 pg l{sup -1}, 90 to 9793 pg l{sup -1} for the Garankuwa, Hatherly, Kwaggarsrand, Soshanguve and Temba landfill sites, respectively. Also BDE -28, -47, -71 and BDE-77 were detected in the leachate samples from all the landfill sites; and all the congeners were detected in two of the oldest landfill sites. The peak concentrations were recorded for BDE-47 at three sites and BDE-71 and BDE-75 at two sites. The highest concentration, 9793 {+-} 1.5 pg l{sup -1}, was obtained for the Temba landfill site with the highest BOD value. This may suggest some influence of organics on the level of PBDEs. Considering the leaching characteristics of brominated flame retardants, there is a high possibility that with time these compounds may infiltrate into the groundwater around the sites since most of the sites are not adequately lined.

  11. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 12 March 2012 BIDS AWARDED CIVIL WORKS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS@ska.ac.za / mabela@ska.ac.za 1st Floor 17 Baker Street Rosebank Johannesburg South Africa 2196 Tel: +27 (0) 11 442

  12. Southern Forests 2013, 75(2): 7180 Printed in South Africa --All rights reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    plantations) (DAFF 2013a). These areas play important roles in the South African bioeconomy (e.g. Nambiar 1999

  13. The production of consumption: addressing the impact of mineral mining on tuberculosis in southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Sanjay; Stuckler, David; Gonsalves, Gregg; Lurie, Mark

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of South Africa: Department of Minerals and Energy; SouthSouth Africa, various departments, ranging from the Minerals and Energyof Minerals and Energy: Mining and minerals in South Africa:

  14. 1999 IEEE ITW. Kruger National Park, South Africa, June 20 -25 Capacity and Reliability Function per Fourth Moment Cost for WSSUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Ken

    1999 IEEE ITW. Kruger National Park, South Africa, June 20 - 25 Capacity and Reliability Function of the local signal energy squared. The fourthegy-to-energy ratio of direct- sequence spread spectrum signals is inversely propopor- tional to bandwidth. Therefore, for such signals, the ca- pacity per unit energy (or

  15. Maerz, N. H., and Palangio, T. C. WipFrag System II -Online fragmentation analysis. FRAGBLAST 6, Sixth International Symposium For Rock Fragmentation By Blasting, Johannesburg, South Africa,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maerz, Norbert H.

    , Sixth International Symposium For Rock Fragmentation By Blasting, Johannesburg, South Africa, Aug. 8 Professor, Rock Mechanics and Explosives Research Center, University of Missouri-Rolla, MO, USA, (573) 341 . By far the most significant source of error is sampling, whether the source is a result of: 1. Poor

  16. Ending Africa's Poverty Trap Africa's development crisis is unique. Not only is Africa the poorest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland), and a num- ber of very small economies (Cape assistance on issues regarding energy and transport infrastructure. #12;than tropical Africa. They growEnding Africa's Poverty Trap Africa's development crisis is unique. Not only is Africa the poorest

  17. Middle East & North Africa

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    West Bank and Gaza notes & data Yemen brief | data North Africa Algeria brief | data Egypt brief | data Libya brief | data Morocco notes & data Sudan and South Sudan brief |...

  18. Pricing landfill externalities: Emissions and disamenity costs in Cape Town, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nahman, Anton, E-mail: anahman@csir.co.za [Environmental and Resource Economics Group, Natural Resources and the Environment, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, P.O. Box 320, Stellenbosch 7599 (South Africa)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: > The paper estimates landfill externalities associated with emissions, disamenities and transport. > Transport externalities vary from 24.22 to 31.42 Rands per tonne. > Costs of emissions (estimated using benefits transfer) vary from 0.07 to 28.91 Rands per tonne. > Disamenities (estimated using hedonic pricing) vary from 0.00 to 57.46 Rands per tonne. > Overall, external costs for urban landfills exceed those of a regional landfill. - Abstract: The external (environmental and social) costs of landfilling (e.g. emissions to air, soil and water; and 'disamenities' such as odours and pests) are difficult to quantify in monetary terms, and are therefore not generally reflected in waste disposal charges or taken into account in decision making regarding waste management options. This results in a bias against alternatives such as recycling, which may be more expensive than landfilling from a purely financial perspective, but preferable from an environmental and social perspective. There is therefore a need to quantify external costs in monetary terms, so that different disposal options can be compared on the basis of their overall costs to society (financial plus external costs). This study attempts to estimate the external costs of landfilling in the City of Cape Town for different scenarios, using the benefits transfer method (for emissions) and the hedonic pricing method (for disamenities). Both methods (in particular the process of transferring and adjusting estimates from one study site to another) are described in detail, allowing the procedures to be replicated elsewhere. The results show that external costs are currently R111 (in South African Rands, or approximately US$16) per tonne of waste, although these could decline under a scenario in which energy is recovered, or in which the existing urban landfills are replaced with a new regional landfill.

  19. Quiet conflict : social movements, institutional change, and upgrading informal settlements in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradlow, Benjamin Hofman

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The South African government's attempts to provide land and housing for the poor have been focused primarily on interventions at the policy level and within internal state bureaucracies. But experiences of social movements ...

  20. Sources of Diplodia pinea endophytic infections in Pinus patula and P. radiata seedlings in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sources of Diplodia pinea endophytic infections in Pinus patula and P. radiata seedlings in South fields, to assess transmission and incidence of endophytic D. pinea infections. Inoculation of seeds) is an endophyte that exists as a latent pathogens without visible symptoms on pines in many parts of the world

  1. Contracting Out of Service Activities and the Effects on Sectoral Employment Patterns in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    that it is government that is also responsible for upholding labour legislation). By way of background to the empirical analysis that follows, we have discussed outsourcing as a form of corporate restructuring, which has implications inter alia for the sectoral... outsourcing as a type of shift in corporate and industrial structure, and the specific dynamics of outsourcing in the South African case. This contextualises the empirical analysis of intersectoral shifts in the employment of these two occupations, which...

  2. Multi-project baselines for potential clean development mechanism projects in the electricity sector in South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winkler, H.; Spalding-Fecher, R.; Sathaye, J.; Price, L.

    2002-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) aims to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in order to ''prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system'' and promote sustainable development. The Kyoto Protocol, which was adopted in 1997 and appears likely to be ratified by 2002 despite the US withdrawing, aims to provide means to achieve this objective. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is one of three ''flexibility mechanisms'' in the Protocol, the other two being Joint Implementation (JI) and Emissions Trading (ET). These mechanisms allow flexibility for Annex I Parties (industrialized countries) to achieve reductions by extra-territorial as well as domestic activities. The underlying concept is that trade and transfer of credits will allow emissions reductions at least cost. Since the atmosphere is a global, well-mixed system, it does not matter where greenhouse gas emissions are reduced. The CDM allows Annex I Parties to meet part of their emissions reductions targets by investing in developing countries. CDM projects must also meet the sustainable development objectives of the developing country. Further criteria are that Parties must participate voluntarily, that emissions reductions are ''real, measurable and long-term'', and that they are additional to those that would have occurred anyway. The last requirement makes it essential to define an accurate baseline. The remaining parts of section 1 outline the theory of baselines, emphasizing the balance needed between environmental integrity and reducing transaction costs. Section 2 develops an approach to multi-project baseline for the South African electricity sector, comparing primarily to near future capacity, but also considering recent plants. Five potential CDM projects are briefly characterized in section 3, and compared to the baseline in section 4. Section 5 concludes with a discussion of options and choices for South Africa regarding electricity sector baselines.

  3. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  4. Third international conference of the Association of Geophysicists in Exploration and Research in Africa (Abstracts)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This conference brings together diverse papers devoted to geophysics and exploration in Africa. There are more than fifty papers represented including papers on uranium and hydrology.

  5. Peer-to-Peer Consultations: Ancillary Services Peer Exchange with India: Experience from South Africa, Europe & the United States (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of national and subnational decision makers, the 21st Century Power Partnership regularly works with country partners to organize peer-to-peer consultations on critical issues. In March 2014, 21CPP collaborated with the Regulatory Assistance Project - India to host two peer-to-peer exchanges among experts from India, South Africa, Europe, and the United States to discuss the provision of ancillary services, particularly in the context of added variability and uncertainty from renewable energy. This factsheet provides a high level summary of the peer-to-peer consultation.

  6. China's Presence in Rwanda and Africa, through the Lens of the Product Life Cycle Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sofiani, Lily

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa where infrastructure and communication are more attractive to investors. Obstacles such as energy

  7. South Dakota Wind Energy Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkarTopicsSouth Dakota Wind Energy

  8. South Mississippi Electric Power Association (SMEPA) Smart Grid Project |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkarTopicsSouth

  9. Approach to medical missions: Dr. Neil Macvicar and the Victoria Hospital, Lovedale, South Africa, circa 1900-1950 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunde, Martin Jacob

    2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    and largely unsuccessful attempts to initiate a scheme for black doctors. In addition, he promoted public health education endeavours; was heavily involved with patient care and treatment; enabled the inception of the South African Health Society; contributed...

  10. Area selection for diamonds using magnetotellurics: Examples from southern Africa Alan G. Jones a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    of the Witwatersrand, Jan Smuts Avenue, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa k ABB AB, HVDC, Ludvika, SE-77180, Sweden a b

  11. IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors to Madagascar, Senegal to South Africa, biofuels is the buzzword as African countries wake up to the possibility of using their vast spaces to grow crops that reduce their fossil fuel bill. Biofuels also carry

  12. New Zealand South Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schierup, Mikkel Heide

    New Zealand South Atlantic European coast North Atlantic European coast South Africa South America University, Denmark 2 University of Minnesota, USA 3 Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway g, global patterns in the assembly of coast- al dune plant communities have not previously been studied

  13. Opportunities for market-based programs worldwide that reduce greenhouse gas emissions: Initial Observations from Missions to the Philippines, South Africa, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanton-Hoyle, D.R.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Globally, governments and industries are implementing innovative voluntary programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Often these programs encourage groups to use cost effective technologies that capture market-based forces. These programs are successful because they capitalize on existing opportunities where both the environment and the participants can benefit (i.e., win-win opportunities). This paper documents efforts to investigate these kinds of win-win opportunities in three developing countries: the Philippines, South Africa, and Mexico. Initial observations are provided as fresh information from the field, drawing on six missions during the last nine months. Utility costs, interest rates, and overall economic health appear to critically affect opportunities in each country. By contrast, details of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) design and local climate were often important differences between countries. These affect opportunities, for example, to achieve significant savings from cooling systems or not. Looking at the success of ESCOs was somewhat surprising. One might expect to see the most successful ESCO activity where utility costs are high and upgrade opportunities are plentiful (such as in the Philippines). This was not the case, however, as research in the Philippines did not reveal even one active ESCO contract yet. Design practices for new construction were in need of the same thing that helps US design teams do a better job of energy-efficient design, better communications between design team members. Finally, industrial firms were doing a variety of EE upgrades in each country, but this level of activity was relatively small compared to what should be cost effective.

  14. africa case study: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Climate Change Mitigation Projects: Summary of Findings from Case Studies in Brazil, India, Mexico, and South Africa University of California eScholarship Repository Summary:...

  15. africa case studies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Climate Change Mitigation Projects: Summary of Findings from Case Studies in Brazil, India, Mexico, and South Africa University of California eScholarship Repository Summary:...

  16. ‘These whites never come to our game. What do they know about our soccer?’ Soccer fandom, race, and the Rainbow Nation in South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Marc William

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    South African political elites framed the country’s successful bid to host the 2010 FIFA World Cup in terms of nation-building, evoking imagery of South African unity. Yet, a pre-season tournament in 2008 featuring the ...

  17. Wader Ringing in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal:  Wader Study Group Bulletin Attachment Size p00018-p00018.pdf 81.52 KB Issue:  7 Year:  1972 Pages:  18

  18. International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa http Agnes Nyaguthie, Oxfam-GB, Pretoria, South Africa The Important Role of Humanitarian Logistics 10 in Humanitarian Logistics: A Southern African Perspective 12:20-12:40 PM Discussion #12;1:00-2:30 PM Lunch 2

  19. Seth Wenig/Associated Press Jacob Zuma of South Africa at United Nations headquarters in New York on Jan. 12.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the ties between the two organizations. Citing the intervention in Libya last spring, he accused NATO-fly zone over Libya at the height of Muammar el-Qaddafi's crackdown -- and instead had favored bombing to it enough. The African Union had no peacekeeping forces on hand to pick up the Libya job from NATO -- much

  20. Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; Centro Nacional de Investigaciones de Cafe (Cenicafe), Chinchina, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa; Centro Nacional de Investigaciones de Cafe´ (Cenicafe´), Chinchina´, Colombia Relationships Cafe´ (CENICAFE), Chinchina´ , Colombia, A.A. 2427 (correspondence to M. Marin. E-mail: Mauricio fimbriata, Coffea arabica, RAPD, RFLP, ITS, phylogeny, Colombia Abstract One of the most important diseases

  1. Draft January 13, (ver 12) Africas technology leap are we part of the development?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Examples are countries like South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria and Angola. A driving factor has been Brazilian, ABB, Head of Public Affairs - Sweden and Northern Europe Region "Sun-energy project Sub Saharan Africa

  2. Botryosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus canker diseases in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botryosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus canker diseases in Colombia By C. A. Rodas1,3 , B, Pretoria, 0002, South Africa; 3 Smurfit Carto´n de Colombia, Investigacio´n Forestal, Carrera 3 No. 10-36, Cali, Valle, Colombia. 4 E-mail: bernard.slippers@fabi.up.ac.za (for correspondence) Summary

  3. Two new Phytophthora species from South African Eucalyptus plantations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa (Linde et al. 1999). Phytophthora collar and root rot is a widespread disease af- fecting a number of cold-tolerant Eucalyptus spp. in South Africa (Linde et al. 1994a,b). This disease hampers progress

  4. Biology and distribution of the histerid beetles associated with bovine feces in South Central Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summerlin, James William

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    :ed with bark beetles in western yellow pine, was conducted by Struble (1930). Recent studies concerning the potential value of histerids as biological control agents have done much to add to the knowledge of their behavior and bring recognition...BIOLOGY AND OISTRIBUTIilN GF THE HISTERID BEETLES ASSOCIATEO WITH BOVINE FECES IN SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS A Thesis JAMES WILLIAM SUMMERLIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ABm University in partial fulfillment of the requirement...

  5. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). Western Ecology Division; Gaston, G. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). National Research Council; Daniels, R.C. [ed.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  6. africa power pool: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    more densely populated than parts of eastern and south- ern Africa, a net decrease in potential for human exposure to these vectors results. For A. gambiae, 78112 million fewer...

  7. Ecology of Wahlberg's velvet gecko, Homopholis wahlbergii, in southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keogh, Scott

    of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, WITS, 2050 South Africa. 2 School of Botany and Zoology, The Australian NationalEcology of Wahlberg's velvet gecko, Homopholis wahlbergii, in southern Africa § Martin J. Whiting1%) of the lizards examined contained prey items, suggesting that most individuals were not in positive energy

  8. GHG emission factors developed for the collection, transport and landfilling of municipal waste in South African municipalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Elena, E-mail: Friedriche@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, Durban (South Africa); Trois, Cristina [CRECHE Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, Durban (South Africa)

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: ? An average GHG emission factor for the collection and transport of municipal solid waste in South Africa is calculated. ? A range of GHG emission factors for different types of landfills (including dumps) in South Africa are calculated. ? These factors are compared internationally and their implications for South Africa and developing countries are discussed . ? Areas for new research are highlighted. - Abstract: Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission factors are used with increased frequency for the accounting and reporting of GHG from waste management. However, these factors have been calculated for developed countries of the Northern Hemisphere and are lacking for developing countries. This paper shows how such factors have been developed for the collection, transport and landfilling of municipal waste in South Africa. As such it presents a model on how international results and methodology can be adapted and used to calculate country-specific GHG emission factors from waste. For the collection and transport of municipal waste in South Africa, the average diesel consumption is around 5 dm{sup 3} (litres) per tonne of wet waste and the associated GHG emissions are about 15 kg CO{sub 2} equivalents (CO{sub 2} e). Depending on the type of landfill, the GHG emissions from the landfilling of waste have been calculated to range from ?145 to 1016 kg CO{sub 2} e per tonne of wet waste, when taking into account carbon storage, and from 441 to 2532 kg CO{sub 2} e per tonne of wet waste, when carbon storage is left out. The highest emission factor per unit of wet waste is for landfill sites without landfill gas collection and these are the dominant waste disposal facilities in South Africa. However, cash strapped municipalities in Africa and the developing world will not be able to significantly upgrade these sites and reduce their GHG burdens if there is no equivalent replacement of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) resulting from the Kyoto agreement. Other low cost avenues need to be investigated to suit local conditions, in particular landfill covers which enhance methane oxidation.

  9. North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The total area covered by petroleum rights in the six countries described in this paper increased by more than 17% in 1980 compared to 1979. Joint venture agreements were finalized for 19 blocks over 94,000 km/sup 2/ in the Algerian venture. Although official information is scarce for Algeria and Libya, seismic activity probably increased in 1980 compared to 1979. Exploration drilling activity increased with 121 wildcats drilled compared to 93 during the previous year. This effort led to 40 discoveries, a 34.5% success ratio. Chevron was especially successful in wildcatting, with 6 oil discoveries for 8 wells drilled in the interior basins of Sudan. One Moroccan discovery can be considered as a highlight: the BRPM Meskala 101 well in the Essaouira basin found an apparently large amount of gas in Triassic sandstones. This discovery deserves special attention, since the gas has been found in Triassic pays rather than in the usual Jurassic pays in the Essaouira basin. Oil production in North Africa decreased from about 13.5% in 1980, with about 3,405,000 barrels of oil per day compared to 3,939,500 barrels of oil per day in 1979. When oil output strongly decreased in Algeria (-16.4%) and Libya (-15.6%), Tunisian production peaked at 116,287 barrels of oil per day and Egypt production also peaked at 584,148 barrels of oil per day. Total gas production in 1980 strongly declined from 44%, mostly due to the decline of the Algerian gas production. 8 figures, 40 tables.

  10. South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Affairs (DEA), Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis,...

  11. assessment south microwave: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A A; Story, K; van Engelen, A; Vanderlinde, K; Vieira, J D; Williamson, R 2011-01-01 14 Technology assessment of renewable energy sustainability in South Africa. Open Access...

  12. West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(107) Contributor...

  13. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Algeria 109 India 348 Brazil 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    India 348 Brazil 131 Nigeria 86 Iran 150 Argentina 78 Egypt 66 China 137 Colombia 71 South Africa 63 - CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (CMSP) ! 2 - MATHEMATICS (Math)! 1 - High Energy Physics (HECAP) ! 1 - Physics

  14. New South Wales New South Wales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    ; ˇ ¦ Ą Ą© Ł ˇ Ł §Ł ˇ ˘˘ © Ł § ¦ Ł© ¤§ ˘ Ą ˘ Ą Ą ˘ Western Australia Northern Territory South Australia Queensland New South Wales Victoria Tasmania; ˇ ¦ Ą Ą© Ł ˇ Ł §Ł ˇ ˘˘ © Ł § ¦ Ł© ¤§ ˘ Ą ˘ Ą Ą ˘ Western Australia Northern Territory South Australia Queensland New South Wales Victoria Tasmania 7

  15. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  16. Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dataset, Lessons learnedbest practices Website: www.undp.orgenvironmentlibrary.shtml Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa,...

  17. S. Africa: ESKOM's Massive investment hits new snag

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ESKOM, the government-owned company that generates nearly 95 percent of the power in South Africa, has been facing serious capacity shortages for some time, forcing it to resort to mandatory rationing of major industrial users and occasional outages. A combination of rapid economic growth and chronic underinvestment in infrastructure resulted in the disappearance of a once plentiful capacity surplus. Considerable rate increases and emphasis on conservation are planned.

  18. The Rise of China in Sub-Saharan Africa: its Ambiguous Economic Alice N. Sindzingre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    that are associated with such dependence, especially in oil- exporting countries. Chinese investment, however- Saharan Africa to China and investment by Chinese firms in Sub-Saharan Africa. Unlike the `traditional trade, aid and investment, which may create `lock-in' effects. China's trade and investment focus

  19. Validation of a South African ruminal protein degradation and UDP digestibility data base for dairy cows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Department Animal and lNildlife Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa AlthoughValidation of a South African ruminal protein degradation and UDP digestibility data base for dairy and Eragrostis curvula hay as roughages and maize meal as primary energy source. Supplemental protein sources

  20. Increased use of Renewable Energy in Africa through a Program of Energy Enterprise Development and Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christine Eibs Singer

    2005-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    To provide training in enterprise development and technical applications, local partner capacity building, individualized enterprise development services and seed capital investment to catalyze the creation of sustainable renewable energy enterprises that deliver clean energy services to households and businesses in South Africa, Ethiopia and Tanzania.

  1. People, Protected Areas and Global Change: Participatory Conservation in Latin America, Africa, Asia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    People, Protected Areas and Global Change: Participatory Conservation in Latin America, Africa://www.north-south.unibe.ch/ "People, Protected Areas, and Global Change is an important contribution to the literature on protected areas (PAs) and the political ecology of natural resource man- agement and conservation. It provides

  2. Radio astronomy in Africa: the case of Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asabere, Bernard Duah; Horellou, Cathy; Winkler, Hartmut; Jarrett, Thomas

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa has played a leading role in radio astronomy in Africa with the Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO). It continues to make strides with the current seven-dish MeerKAT precursor array (KAT-7), leading to the 64-dish MeerKAT and the giant Square Kilometer Array (SKA), which will be used for transformational radio astronomy research. Ghana, an African partner to the SKA, has been mentored by South Africa over the past six years and will soon emerge in the field of radio astronomy. The country will soon have a science-quality 32m dish converted from a redundant satellite communication antenna. Initially, it will be fitted with 5 GHz and 6.7 GHz receivers to be followed later by a 1.4 - 1.7 GHz receiver. The telescope is being designed for use as a single dish observatory and for participation in the developing African Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) Network (AVN) and the European VLBI Network. Ghana is earmarked to host a remote station during a possible SKA Phase 2. The loca...

  3. NPS Master Curriculum Chart Report Generated on 6/6/2014 2:24:55PM Length PO APC JPME Dept Ph D. Committee ChairAcademic Associate Program OfficerDepartment ChairSchool / Curriculum / Degree Convenes Refresher P_Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CERT OF COMPL Regional Security Studies (Middle East, South Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa) 2101L 247 - Regional and Defense) 2600L 681 - Middle East, South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa 18 5238 265 NSA Anne M. Baylouny Jorge F International Defense Planning 2000L 246 - Regional Security Studies (Middle East, South Asia, & Sub

  4. NPS Master Curriculum Chart Report Generated on 12/5/2013 6:30:41PM Length PO APC JPME Dept Ph D. Committee ChairAcademic Associate Program OfficerDepartment ChairSchool / Curriculum / Degree Convenes Refresher P_Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CERT OF COMPL Regional Security Studies (Middle East, South Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa) 2101L 247 - Regional and Defense) 2600L 681 - Middle East, South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa 18 5238 265 NSA Anne M. Baylouny Jorge F International Defense Planning 2000L 246 - Regional Security Studies (Middle East, South Asia, & Sub

  5. MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and lack of infrastructure for water and sewage systems have contributed to the global burden of waterborne Figure 1. Taken from Water for Life, Making It Happen­WHO/UNICEF 2005 Association between lackMSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and Environmental Health Issues and Problems Water contamination

  6. Developing Africa's economy Doing the sums on Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). Governments in countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda are co-operating closely with America almost 2,000 troops in the Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa, based in Panos Page 1 of 6Economist

  7. South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    from Buildings AgencyCompany Organization United Nations Environment Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Buildings Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis,...

  8. South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AgencyCompany Organization Ecofys Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website http:www.ecofys.com...

  9. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Time of Use Tariff.cooking services. TIME OF USE TARIFF The highest peak loadEskom, n.s. ) Time of Use (TOU) tariffs were introduced

  10. South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (URBAN-LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable...

  11. Abstracts from the Special WSG Conference, South Africa 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal:  Wader Study Group Bulletin Attachment Size p00001-p00005.pdf 1.18 MB Volume:  87 Year:  1998 Pages:  1-5

  12. Abstracts from the Curlew Sandpiper Workshop, South Africa 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal:  Wader Study Group Bulletin Attachment Size p00005-p00007.pdf 671.08 KB Volume:  87 Year:  1998 Pages:  5-7

  13. South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    contribute to national development goals, such as creating jobs, enhancing energy security, and reducing the local environmental impacts of conventional energy technologies....

  14. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rules for Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management (to support the Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management,costs for DSM, energy efficiency and demand- reduction

  15. United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    in each country. "As the world moves to address the climate crisis and cut carbon pollution, it is clear that nuclear energy has a major role to play in our energy future,"...

  16. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Free Basic Electricity (FBE) program as explained inalso benefit from the Free Basic Electricity (FBE) program.FBE is part of a government social welfare policy that has

  17. The Substance Abuse Treatment Workforce of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sodano, Ruthlyn; Watson, Donnie W.; Rataemane, Solomon; Rataemane, Lusanda; Ntlhe, Nomvuyo; Rawson, Richard

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct care workers in the National Drug Abuse Treatmentabuse treatment system includes a diverse set of health care

  18. Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Lessons From South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinfeld, Daniel

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ? = 2050 Rand. Technology and Costs (a e , a m , a u ): Theand a u = 7 (years). Technology and Costs (S): The costs perS = 100,000 Rand. Technology and Costs (m): If the central

  19. Distributional Implications of Halving Poverty in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    headcount ratio (%) Poverty gap (R billion) 2006 actual 49.57 59.65 Target: halving poverty 24.79 29.83 Growth scenarios to 2014: AsgiSA targets 33.75 33.98 Treasury projections 36.99 38.44 Banks projections 39.06 41.41 Table 4...

  20. MHK Projects/South Africa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther, Oklahoma:Energy InformationSEAREV Pays de laCape, NULL

  1. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to have a Flue Gas Desulphurization (FGD) to remove oxidesplant with fuel gas desulphurization, the average fuel and

  2. Deploying American-Made Clean Energy Technologies in South Africa |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsNovember 13, 2014ContributingDOEDepartment of Energy Technical(DNFSB)

  3. Cape Town, South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainableCSL GasPermits ManualCanisteo,

  4. Accelerating the Clean Energy Transition in South Africa | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0 ARRA Newsletters 20103-03 AUDIT REPORT:Patricia Davies

  5. ORISE: Radiation Emergency Training for Iraq, South Africa and Morocco

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparencyDOENurse TriageInternational Training REAC/TS Provides

  6. U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident atConferenceU.S.-China CleanDepartment

  7. South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound Beach, Newfrom

  8. South Africa-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound Beach,

  9. South Africa-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound Beach,Information

  10. South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound

  11. South Africa-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound(FIRM) | Open Energy

  12. South Africa-Facility for Environmentally Friendly Transport Technology and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound(FIRM) | Open

  13. South Africa-GTZ Clean Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound(FIRM) | OpenGTZ

  14. South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound(FIRM) |

  15. South Africa-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎SolarCity Corp Jump to:SolibroSoursos Energy Systems

  16. South Africa-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎SolarCity Corp Jump to:SolibroSoursos EnergyInformation

  17. South Africa-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎SolarCity Corp Jump to:SolibroSoursosEnergy

  18. South Africa - Climate Change Risks and Opportunities for the Economy |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomont

  19. South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDeveloping Countries and

  20. South Africa-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDeveloping Countries and

  1. South Africa-Danish Government Sector Programmes | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDeveloping Countries and

  2. South Africa-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDevelopingGTZ Bus

  3. South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDevelopingGTZ

  4. South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDevelopingGTZExample What

  5. South Africa-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDevelopingGTZExample

  6. South Africa-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar

  7. South Africa-REEEP EERE Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkarTopics Background analysis Country

  8. South Africa-UNDP Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkarTopics Background analysis Country

  9. Current Status of Energy Efficiency in South Africa (Presentation) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and HeatOpen EnergyRoadmap Meeting HomeLLC

  10. Development Impact Assessment (DIA) Case Study: South Africa

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign: Potential Application toDevelopingand Evaluating IceEC-LEDS

  11. africa lessons learned: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewable Energy Websites Summary: Ending Africa's Poverty Trap Africa's development crisis is unique. Not only is Africa the poorest this growth recovered ground lost during the...

  12. Sri M., Huld T.A., Dunlop E.D., Albuisson M., Wald L, 2006. Online data and tools for estimation of solar electricity in Africa: the PVGIS approach. Proceedings from 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Basin, Africa and South-West Asia. Daily global irradiation was primarily computed from Meteosat of solar electricity in Africa: the PVGIS approach. Proceedings from 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, 4-8 October 2006, Dresden, Germany (preprint) 1 ONLINE DATA AND TOOLS

  13. Africa; Expanding market creates more gas lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quarles, W.R.; Thiede, K.; Parent, L.

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report on pipeline development activities in Africa. They discuss how a growing European market for gas has increased potential pipeline construction in Africa, especially for Algeria, Egypt, and Libya.

  14. Liu aLumnus heads ikea new hope for africa cuLturaL jigsaw puzzLes feLL in Love with sweden warm encounters Antarctic adventureLiU alumnus Carl Wernhoff has been chasing photons at the South Pole | page 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    Solar energy gives hope LiU hosted World Renewable Energy Congress | page 22 magazine. 21 New hope for Africa Small farmers are the key to development. 22 Solar energy gives raise Energy Congress 2011. It was a week of critical assessment of issues rela- ting to renewable energy

  15. Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management...

  16. Association between Local Traffic-Generated Air Pollution and Preeclampsia and Preterm Delivery in the South Coast Air Basin of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jun; Ren, Cizao; Delfino, Ralph J; Chung, Judith; Wilhelm, Michelle; Ritz, Beate

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lutant exposures to PTD at pollution lev- els typical ofbeen associated with air pollution in only two recent U.S.indoor, and community air pollution research. Environ Health

  17. Evaluation of Cross-Hole Seismic Tomography for Imaging Low Resistance Intervals and Associated Carbonate Sediments in Coastal Plain Sequences on the Savannah River Site, South Carolina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cumbest, R. J.

    1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of the pilot study were to investigate the limitations of the technique for imaging the presence, extent, and boundaries of the low-resistance intervals and associated carbonate sediments.

  18. COOPENER Development and Energy in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEA COOPENER Development and Energy in Africa Contract no. EIE/04/201/s07.43094 DEA Development and Energy in Africa Intelligent Energy ­ Europe (IEE) Type of action: COOPENER Key action: VKA11 is part of the COOPENER project "Development and Energy in Africa (DEA)" initiated on 1 May 2005

  19. South Puget Sound Community College Portland State University Transfer Worksheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caughman, John

    South Puget Sound Community College Portland State University Transfer Worksheet Transferring to Portland State University (PSU) with a Direct Transfer Agreement (DTA) Associates degree from South Puget) #12;South Puget Sound Community College Portland State University 2. DEGREE REQUIREMENTS The majority

  20. Africa's present and future needs in toxicology education: Southern African perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gulumian, Mary [National Institute for Occupational Health (NIOH), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa) and Department of Haematology and Molecular Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa)]. E-mail: mary.gulumian@nioh.nhls.co.za; Ginsburg, Carren [Centre for Health Science Education (CHSE), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa); Stewart, Michael J. [Centre for Health Science Education (CHSE), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa)

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Degrees and diplomas as well as certificates that are granted by universities and technikons in South Africa in scientific disciplines, such as forensic medicine, pharmacology, marine and veterinary sciences, environmental health, and occupational hygiene, include toxicology as one of the subjects in their overall syllabus. However, aspects of toxicology included in each of these courses are biased towards that particular subdiscipline and basic level of toxicology may be taught. Educational needs in toxicology in South Africa can be summarized as follows: (a) recognition of toxicology as a discipline in its own right at these tertiary education institutions and (b) creation of opportunities to study and obtain higher degrees in one or more of the many subdisciplines of toxicology. The results from a survey conducted on the toxicology syllabi offered at these tertiary education institutions are used to substantiate these needs.

  1. Cross-shift peak expiratory flow changes are unassociated with respirable coal dust exposure among South African coal miners

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naidoo, R.N.; Robins, T.G.; Becklake, M.; Seixas, N.; Thompson, M.L. [University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban (South Africa)

    2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    he objectives of this study were to determine whether cross-shift changes in peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) were related to respirable dust exposure in South African coalminers. Fifty workers were randomly selected from a cohort of 684 miners from 3 bituminous coal mines in Mpumalanga, South Africa. Peak expiratory efforts were measured prior to the commencement of the shift, and at the end of the shift on at least two occasions separated by at least 2 weeks, with full shift personal dust sampling being conducted on each occasion for each participant. Interviews were conducted, work histories were obtained and cumulative exposure estimates were constructed. Regression models examined the associations of cross-shift changes in PEFR with current and cumulative exposure, controlling for shift, smoking and past history of tuberculosis. There were marginal differences in cross-shift PEFR (ranging from 0.1 to 2 L/min). Linear regression analyses showed no association between cross-shift change in PEFR and current or cumulative exposure. The specific shift worked by participants in the study showed no effect. Our study showed no association between current respirable dust exposure and cross-shift changes in PEFR. There was a non-significant protective effect of cumulative dust exposure on the outcome, suggesting the presence of a 'healthy worker survivor effect' in this data.

  2. South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South African

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound Beach,Information

  3. South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South African

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDeveloping Countries

  4. ,"Louisiana - South Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas, Wet After Lease Separation, Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;NetPrice (DollarsVolumeCoalbedUnitedAssociated-Dissolved

  5. Life history and habitat associations of the broad wood cockroach, Parcoblatta lata (Blattaria: Blattellidae) and other native cockroaches in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horn, Scott; Hanula, James, L.

    2002-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Wood cockroaches are an important prey of the red-cockaded woodpecker, Picoides borealis, an endangered species inhabiting pine forests in the southern United States. These woodpeckers forage on the boles of live pine trees, but their prey consists of a high proportion of wood cockroaches, Parcoblatta spp., that are more commonly associated with dead plant material. Cockroach population density samples were conducted on live pine trees, dead snags and coarse woody debris on the ground. The studies showed that snags and logs are also important habitats of wood cockroaches in pine forests.

  6. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  7. Greenhouse gases accounting and reporting for waste management - A South African perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Elena, E-mail: Friedriche@ukzn.ac.z [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Surveying and Construction, Howard College Campus, Durban (South Africa); Trois, Cristina [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Surveying and Construction, Howard College Campus, Durban (South Africa)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates how greenhouse gases are accounted and reported in the waste sector in South Africa. Developing countries (including South Africa) do not have binding emission reduction targets, but many of them publish different greenhouse gas emissions data which have been accounted and reported in different ways. Results show that for South Africa, inventories at national and municipal level are the most important tools in the process of accounting and reporting greenhouse gases from waste. For the development of these inventories international initiatives were important catalysts at national and municipal levels, and assisted in developing local expertise, resulting in increased output quality. However, discrepancies in the methodology used to account greenhouse gases from waste between inventories still remain a concern. This is a challenging issue for developing countries, especially African ones, since higher accuracy methods are more data intensive. Analysis of the South African inventories shows that results from the recent inventories can not be compared with older ones due to the use of different accounting methodologies. More recently the use of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) procedures in Africa, geared towards direct measurements of greenhouse gases from landfill sites, has increased and resulted in an improvement of the quality of greenhouse gas inventories at municipal level.

  8. South Carolina Conservation Bank Act (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The South Carolina Conservation Bank Act establishes a state funding source to acquire property interests for environmental preservation purposes. The Bank's activity draws heavily on the earlier...

  9. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all...

  10. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nigeria lacks Berkeley Undergraduate Journal: Volume 24, Issue 3 Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa Michael Baihua Midling regular energy,

  11. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    toolslistarcgis-shape-files Transport Toolkit Region(s): Africa & Middle East Shapefiles for ArcGIS. Users can use the files for analysis of African nations' transport...

  12. Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa August 1, 2013 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Source: U.S. Department of State Liquid Fuels Reserves and Production in Sub-Saharan Africa 3 4 Sub-Saharan...

  13. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

  14. aaa east africa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Western Ontario (2011) 12;EAST AFRICA Recruitment and Building Denham, Graham 2 FAO Forestry Department Wood Energy WISDOM East Africa Renewable Energy Websites Summary: FAO -...

  15. africa central african: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can help solve the infrastructure crisis in Africa by creating a 1 billion Clean Energy Fund for Africa to facilitate the transfer of clean technology, including renewable...

  16. South Campus Recreation Complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Coll Southside Chiller East West Hickerson Morehead Everett Alexander Spencer Connor Joyner Dogwood Center for South North Neurosciences George Horton ITS South Chiller Plant Research 49 Tank Mason Farm Rd. 1800 Health Campus Chiller South APCF- Forest Lewis OldWest Grimes Stadium Biomolecular Moses Paul Hardin St

  17. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    OpticalDepth Central African Republic Chad Djibouti Egypt Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 Mean Seasonal

  18. Regional stratigraphy and petroleum geology, North Africa-Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, J.A. (Univ. of Montana, Missoula (United States))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The North Africa-Middle East petroleum provinces are part of the broad sedimentary platform that occupied the northern and northeastern borders of the African-Arabian craton adjacent to the ancestral Hercynian (late Paleozoic) and subsequent Tethyan-Alpine oceans. Carbonate-clastic-evaporite sediments of infra-Cambrian through Holocene age were cyclically deposited in a relatively continuous belt around the eastern and northern borders of the craton, mainly on a broad, shallow-water platform adjacent to the proto-Tethys and Tethys seaway. The Paleozoic section reaches a substantial thickness in the subsurface of the Middle East and in northern Africa adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea, but all or part of it is absent because of nondeposition or erosion over much of the region. Post-Paleozoic deposition was more or less continuous across the entire craton border region in the Middle East and along the northern border of the Sahara platform in North Africa and in Somalia and eastern Ethiopia. Similar marine and associated sedimentary rock facies are present in all of these regions, although paleotectonic-stratigraphic interrelationships and continental paleolatitude positions have greatly affected petroleum generation and accumulation in the specific provinces along the craton border. A series of regional stratigraphic-sedimentary environment, and continental position, layer maps illustrates the relative influence of these factors through geologic time with respect to the relationship between petroleum reservoirs, source rocks, and confining rock facies.

  19. Modelling new particle formation events in the South African savannah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gierens, Rosa; Laakso, Lauri; Mogensen, Ditte; Vakkari, Ville; Buekes, Johan P.; Van Zyl, Pieter; Hakola, H.; Guenther, Alex B.; Pienaar, J. J.; Boy, Michael

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Africa is one of the less studied continents with respect to atmospheric aerosols. Savannahs are complex dynamic systems sensitive to climate and land-use changes, but the interaction of these systems with the atmosphere is not well understood. Atmospheric particles, called aerosols, affect the climate on regional and global scales, and are an important factor in air quality. In this study, measurements from a relatively clean savannah environment in South Africa were used to model new particle formation and growth. There already are some combined long-term measurements of trace gas concentrations together with aerosol and meteorological variables available, but to our knowledge this is the first detailed simulation that includes all the main processes relevant to particle formation. The results show that both of the particle formation mechanisms investigated overestimated the dependency of the formation rates on sulphuric acid. From the two particle formation mechanisms tested in this work, the approach that included low volatile organic compounds to the particle formation process was more accurate in describing the nucleation events than the approach that did not. To obtain a reliable estimate of aerosol concentration in simulations for larger scales, nucleation mechanisms would need to include organic compounds, at least in southern Africa. This work is the first step in developing a more comprehensive new particle formation model applicable to the unique environment in southern Africa. Such a model will assist in better understanding and predicting new particle formation – knowledge which could ultimately be used to mitigate impacts of climate change and air quality.

  20. South Carolina Mining Act (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The South Carolina Mining Act seeks to offer the greatest practical degree of protection and restoration to usefulness, productivity, and scenic values of all SC lands and waters involved in mining...

  1. Home Contact Us Help Site Map Index Search Combating Illegal Logging in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Home · Contact Us · Help · Site Map · Index · Search Combating Illegal Logging in Africa. Deforestation is almost exclusively concentrated in tropical regions. Illegal logging on public lands worldwide to a Ministerial Declaration and Actions targeted at combating illegal logging, associated illegal trade

  2. Africa's natural gas: potentialities and letdowns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baladian, K.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although Africa has experienced 10 times less hydrocarbon exploration than Western Europe, its proved gas reserves already amount to 220-223 trillion CF or 7% of world reserves, while Europe holds 6% or 167 TCF. Yet Africa marketed only 1.3 TCF in 1982 against Europe's 6.5 TCF. Because of the lack of domestic demand for gas, Africa flares up to 21% of its gas output. Algeria is the continent's primary gas consumer, with Egypt, Libya, and Nigeria trying to expand local gas markets. The vast majority of marketed African gas goes to Europe, either as gas sent through the Trans-Med pipeline or as LNG via tanker.

  3. Dust Aerosol Impact on North Africa Climate: A GCM Investigation of Aerosol-Cloud-Radiation Interactions Using A-Train Satellite Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gu, Y.; Liou, K. N.; Jiang, Jonathan; Su, Hui; Liu, Xiaohong

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The climatic effects of dust aerosols in North Africa have been investigated using the atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) developed at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). The model includes an efficient and physically based radiation parameterization scheme developed specifically for application to clouds and aerosols. Parameterization of the effective ice particle size in association with the aerosol indirect effect based on cloud and aerosol data retrieved from A-Train satellite observations have been employed in the climate model simulations. Offline simulations reveal that the direct solar, IR, and net forcings by dust aerosols generally increase with increasing aerosol optical depth (AOD). When the dust semi-direct effect is included with the presence of ice clouds, positive IR radiative forcing is enhanced, since ice clouds trap substantial IR radiation, while the positive solar forcing with dust aerosols alone has been changed to negative values due to the strong reflection of solar radiation by clouds, indicating that cloud forcing could exceed aerosol forcing. With the aerosol indirect effect, the net cloud forcing is generally reduced for ice water path (IWP) larger than 20 g m-2. The magnitude of the reduction increases with IWP. AGCM simulations show that the reduced ice crystal mean effective size due to the aerosol first indirect effect result in less OLR and net solar flux at the top of the atmosphere over the cloudy area of the North Africa region because ice clouds with smaller size trap more IR radiation and reflect more solar radiation. The precipitation in the same area, however, increases due to the aerosol indirect effect on ice clouds, corresponding to the enhanced convection as indicated by reduced OLR. The increased precipitation seems to be associated with enhanced ice water contents in this region. The 200 mb radiative heating rate shows more cooling with the aerosol indirect effect since greater cooling is produced at the cloud top with smaller ice crystal size. The 500 mb omega indicates strong upward motion, which, together with the increased cooling effect, results in the increased ice water contents. Adding the aerosol direct effect into the model simulation reduces the precipitation in the normal rainfall band over North Africa, where precipitation is shifted to the south and the northeast produced by the absorption of sunlight and the subsequent heating of the air column by dust particles. As a result, rainfall is drawn further inland to the northeast. This study represents the first attempt to quantify the climate impact of aerosol indirect effect using a GCM in connection with A-train satellite data. The parameterization for the aerosol first indirect effect developed in this study can be readily incorporated for application to any other GCMs.

  4. Pipeline Safety (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The South Dakota Pipeline Safety Program, administered by the Public Utilities Commission, is responsible for regulating hazardous gas intrastate pipelines. Relevant legislation and regulations...

  5. Financing Clean Energy Infrastructure in Africa | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Upon arrival to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for the U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial, U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz is greeted on the tarmac by Ethiopian Minister of Water and...

  6. Chiefly Power in a Frontline State: Kgosi Linchwe II, the Bakgatla and Botswana in the South African Liberation Struggle, 1948–1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantwell, Louisa

    2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Making of Chiefship, Community and State (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013); E. A.B van Rouveroy, ‘Chieftaincy in Africa: Three Facets of a Hybrid Role’, in E.A.B van Rouveroy and R. van Dijk (eds), African Chieftaincy in a New Socio... Later, MK member Vernon Nkadimeng was killed by a car bomb planted by South African agents in Gaborone.58 In 1978, South Africa embarked on a conscious strategy of destabilisation of its unsympathetic neighbours in the region,59 and ‘soldiers wantonly...

  7. Radiation and Uranium Resources Exposure Control (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The public policy of South Dakota is to encourage the constructive uses of radiation, the proper development of uranium resources, and the control of any associated harmful effects. The disposal of...

  8. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  9. Welcome to the Third World Network-Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welcome to the Third World Network- Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog September 24, 2008 15:25:42 PM Press By administrator Dr.Yao Graham (left) and development economist Dr.Nii Moi Thompson (right) @ launch of UNCTAD... administrator Male Category unctadxii (2) csoforum (1) cso forum (1) extractives (1) unctad xii radio discuss

  10. Partitioned Waveform Inversion Applied to Eurasia and Northern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    bedle, H; Matzel, E; Flanagan, M

    2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the data analysis achieved during Heather Bedle's eleven-week Technical Scholar internship at Lawrence Livermore National Labs during the early summer 2006. The work completed during this internship resulted in constraints on the crustal and upper mantle S-velocity structure in Northern Africa, the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and Europe, through the fitting of regional waveform data. This data extends current raypath coverage and will be included in a joint inversion along with data from surface wave group velocity measurements, S and P teleseismic arrival time data, and receiver function data to create an improved velocity model of the upper mantle in this region. The tectonic structure of the North African/Mediterranean/Europe/Middle Eastern study region is extremely heterogeneous. This region consists of, among others, stable cratons and platforms such as the West Africa Craton, and Baltica in Northern Europe; oceanic subduction zones throughout the Mediterranean Sea where the African and Eurasian plate collide; regions of continental collision as the Arabian Plate moves northward into the Turkish Plate; and rifting in the Red Sea, separating the Arabian and Nubian shields. With such diverse tectonic structures, many of the waveforms were difficult to fit. This is not unexpected as the waveforms are fit using an averaged structure. In many cases the raypaths encounter several tectonic features, complicating the waveform, and making it hard for the software to converge on a 1D average structure. Overall, the quality of the waveform data was average, with roughly 30% of the waveforms being discarded due to excessive noise that interfered with the frequency ranges of interest. An inversion for the 3D S-velocity structure of this region was also performed following the methodology of Partitioned Waveform Inversion (Nolet, 1990; Van der Lee and Nolet, 1997). The addition of the newly fit waveforms drastically extends the range of the model. The model now extends as far east in Africa to cover Chad and Niger, and reaches south to cover Zambia. The model is also stretched eastward to cover the eastern half of India, and northward to cover the southern portion of Scandinavia.

  11. Hydrocarbon potential of the Lamu basin of south-east Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyagah, K.; Cloeter, J.J.; Maende, A. (National Oil Corp. of Kenya, Nairobi (Kenya))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lamu basin occupies the coastal onshore and offshore areas of south-east Kenya. This fault bounded basin formed as a result of the Paleozoic-early Mesozoic phase of rifting that developed at the onset of Gondwana dismemberment. The resultant graben was filled by Karroo (Permian-Early Jurassic) continental siliciclastic sediments. Carbonate deposits associated with the Tethyan sea invasion, dominate the Middle to Late Jurassic basin fill. Cessation of the relative motion between Madagascar and Africa in the Early Cretaceous, heralded passive margin development and deltaic sediment progradation until the Paleogene. Shallow seas transgressed the basin in the Miocene when another carbonate regime prevailed. The basin depositional history is characterized by pulses of transgressive and regressive cycles, bounded by tectonically enhanced unconformities dividing the total sedimentary succession into discrete megasequences. Source rock strata occur within Megasequence III (Paleogene) depositional cycle and were lowered into the oil window in Miocene time, when the coastal parts of the basin experienced the greatest amount of subsidence. The tectono-eustatic pulses of the Tertiary brought about source and reservoir strata into a spatial relationship in which hydrocarbons could be entrapped. A basement high on the continental shelf has potential for Karroo sandstone and Jurassic limestone reservoirs. Halokinesis of Middle Jurassic salt in Miocene time provides additional prospects in the offshore area. Paleogene deltaic sands occur in rotated listric fault blacks. A Miocene reef Play coincides with an Eocene source rock kitchen.

  12. Hydrocarbon potential of the Lamu basin of south-east Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyagah, K.; Cloeter, J.J.; Maende, A. [National Oil Corp. of Kenya, Nairobi (Kenya)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lamu basin occupies the coastal onshore and offshore areas of south-east Kenya. This fault bounded basin formed as a result of the Paleozoic-early Mesozoic phase of rifting that developed at the onset of Gondwana dismemberment. The resultant graben was filled by Karroo (Permian-Early Jurassic) continental siliciclastic sediments. Carbonate deposits associated with the Tethyan sea invasion, dominate the Middle to Late Jurassic basin fill. Cessation of the relative motion between Madagascar and Africa in the Early Cretaceous, heralded passive margin development and deltaic sediment progradation until the Paleogene. Shallow seas transgressed the basin in the Miocene when another carbonate regime prevailed. The basin depositional history is characterized by pulses of transgressive and regressive cycles, bounded by tectonically enhanced unconformities dividing the total sedimentary succession into discrete megasequences. Source rock strata occur within Megasequence III (Paleogene) depositional cycle and were lowered into the oil window in Miocene time, when the coastal parts of the basin experienced the greatest amount of subsidence. The tectono-eustatic pulses of the Tertiary brought about source and reservoir strata into a spatial relationship in which hydrocarbons could be entrapped. A basement high on the continental shelf has potential for Karroo sandstone and Jurassic limestone reservoirs. Halokinesis of Middle Jurassic salt in Miocene time provides additional prospects in the offshore area. Paleogene deltaic sands occur in rotated listric fault blacks. A Miocene reef Play coincides with an Eocene source rock kitchen.

  13. South African Riots: Repercussion of the Global Food Crisis and US Drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bar-Yam, Yavni; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High and volatile global food prices have led to food riots and played a critical role in triggering the Arab Spring revolutions in recent years. The severe drought in the US in the summer of 2012 led to a new increase in food prices. Through the fall, they remained at a threshold above which the riots and revolutions had predominantly occurred. Global prices at this level create conditions where an exacerbating local circumstance can trigger unrest. Global corn (maize) prices reached new highs, and countries that depend mostly on maize are more likely to experience high local food prices and associated pressures toward social unrest. Here we analyze the conditions in South Africa, which is a heavily maize-dependent country. Coinciding with increased consumer food indices this summer, massive labor strikes in mining and agriculture have led to the greatest single incident of social violence since the fall of apartheid in 1994. Worker demands for dramatic pay increases reflect that their wages have not kept up...

  14. Jefferson Lab and Jefferson Science Associates Bring First School...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Jefferson Science Associates Bring First School of Physics to Sub-Saharan Africa NEWPORT NEWS, VA, July 29, 2010 - Students and scientists from African countries will have a...

  15. GHG emission factors developed for the recycling and composting of municipal waste in South African municipalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Elena, E-mail: Friedriche@ukzn.ac.za; Trois, Cristina

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • GHG emission factors for local recycling of municipal waste are presented. • GHG emission factors for two composting technologies for garden waste are included. • Local GHG emission factors were compared to international ones and discussed. • Uncertainties and limitations are presented and areas for new research highlighted. - Abstract: GHG (greenhouse gas) emission factors for waste management are increasingly used, but such factors are very scarce for developing countries. This paper shows how such factors have been developed for the recycling of glass, metals (Al and Fe), plastics and paper from municipal solid waste, as well as for the composting of garden refuse in South Africa. The emission factors developed for the different recyclables in the country show savings varying from ?290 kg CO{sub 2} e (glass) to ?19 111 kg CO{sub 2} e (metals – Al) per tonne of recyclable. They also show that there is variability, with energy intensive materials like metals having higher GHG savings in South Africa as compared to other countries. This underlines the interrelation of the waste management system of a country/region with other systems, in particular with energy generation, which in South Africa, is heavily reliant on coal. This study also shows that composting of garden waste is a net GHG emitter, releasing 172 and 186 kg CO{sub 2} e per tonne of wet garden waste for aerated dome composting and turned windrow composting, respectively. The paper concludes that these emission factors are facilitating GHG emissions modelling for waste management in South Africa and enabling local municipalities to identify best practice in this regard.

  16. 90E 120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 0 30 60 SOUTH AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GREENLAND EUROPE AFRICA SOUTH AMERICA NORTH AMERICA ASIA AUSTRALIA ANTARCTICA INDIAN OCEAN PACIFIC OCEAN Reentry cone use 126/793B 127/797C 210/1276A,B 45/395A 127/794C PACIFIC OCEAN #12; ATLANTIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN 44/390A 86/577,A,B 113/689B 113/690C 119/738C 120/750A 121/752B 122/761C 122

  17. Ecology and breeding biology of the Black-shouldered Kite in south Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrie, Dawn Kristine

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subspecies occur in Africa, southern Asia, India, Sumatra, New Guinea, and Australia (Peters 1979, Howard and Moore 1980). Before 1900, the Black-shouldered Kite was fairly common in the lowlands of western California and south and central Texas...), and scattered sightings in Washington, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico throughout the 1970s (Pruett-Jones et al. 1980). The kite population did not increase appreciably in Texas until the mid-1960s (Larson 1980). The 1964 Christmas Bird Counts recorded one...

  18. Forestry Policies (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South Dakota's forests are managed by the Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry Division. Forests comprise around 1.7 million acres of land in the State. In the 2010 Forest...

  19. Dams (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dam construction in South Dakota requires a Location Notice or a Water Right Permit. A Location Notice is a form that must be filed with the County Register of Deeds, and is the only paperwork...

  20. Forestry Policies (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South Carolina's Forestry industry is one of the largest contributors to the State's economy. Wood residues, among other biomass resources, are used by several co-gen and electricity generators in...

  1. UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa Impacts on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Human Well-being #12;#12;UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa Impacts on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Human........................................................................................................... 9 1.2 Biofuel drivers, feedstocks and policies in Africa

  2. NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES AFRICA'S LAGGING DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES AFRICA'S LAGGING DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION: EVIDENCE FROM EXOGENOUS IMPACTS;Africa's Lagging Demographic Transition: Evidence from Exogenous Impacts of Malaria Ecology February 2007 JEL No. I1,J11 ABSTRACT Much of Africa has not yet gone through a "demographic transition

  3. CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe and Liu Hongwu #12;CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe of China China's Evolving Policy towards Peace and Security in Africa: Constructing a new paradigm

  4. Modelling New Particle Formation Events in the South African Savannah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gierens, Rosa; Laakso, Lauri; Mogensen, Ditte; Vakkari, Ville; Beukes, J. P.; Van Zyl, Pieter; Hakola, H.; Guenther, Alex B.; Pienaar, J. J.; Boy, Michael

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Africa is one of the less studied continents with respect to atmospheric aerosols. Savannahs are complex dynamic systems sensitive to climate and land-use changes, but the interaction with the atmosphere is not well understood. Atmospheric particles, aka aerosols, affect the climate on regional and global scale, and are an important factor in air quality. In this study measurements from a relatively clean savannah environment in South Africa were used to model new particle formation and growth. There are already some combined long-term measurements of trace gas concentrations together with aerosol and meteorological variables available, but to our knowledge this is the first time detailed simulations, that include all the main processes relevant to particle formation, were done. The results show that both investigated particle formation mechanisms overestimated the formation rates dependency on sulphuric acid. The approach including low volatile organic compounds to the particle formation process was more accurate in describing the nucleation events. To get reliable estimation of aerosol concentration in simulations for larger scales, nucleation mechanisms would need to include organic compounds, at least in southern Africa.

  5. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa’s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about “Mobile phones and Africa: a success story”. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss “Citizen Problem Solving”. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa’s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent’s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman’s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greate

  6. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa?s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about ?Mobile phones and Africa: a success story?. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss ?Citizen Problem Solving?. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa?s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent?s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London?s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman?s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greatest probability of solu

  7. MSU at Work in Africa: Cultural Documentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are strongly committed to documenting, preserving, and making accessible the continent's cultural heritage and historical record. Africa's historic and living cultures are rich and very diverse-- from immovable historic' identifying their cultural heritage. Safeguarding and making accessible the artifacts, oral histories

  8. Legal improvements brighten North Africa production outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    North Africa`s three main oil producing countries soon will reap benefits of past moves by their governments to encourage investment by international companies. Production of crude oil and natural gas in Algeria, Egypt, and Libya is ready to increase from suppressed levels of the recent past, says International Energy Agency, Paris. The gains are possible despite political risks, total reserves accounting for only 4% of the world`s crude reserves, and oil prices well below levels of the 1980s, when the countries` flow rates peaked. The reason: producing oil in North Africa is profitable. In a recent study entitled North Africa Oil and Gas, IEA attributes the bright production outlook to improvements that the countries` governments have made in the past decade to hydrocarbon laws and the fiscal terms they offer international investors. According to announced plans, the three countries` combined capacity to produce crude oil will rise 18% by the year 2000 to 3.65 million b/d, and a further gain of 700,000 b/d is possible. IEA expects production capacity for natural gas to increase 50% from its 1995 level by 2000 to a combined 139.4 billion cu m/year. This paper discusses production capacities, Algeria`s record, improvements in Egypt, and Libya`s changes.

  9. IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS AND PARTICULATE EMISSIONS FROM WOODFUEL PRODUCTION AND END-USE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    the pollution associated with production, distribution and end-use of common household fuels and assess. At the household level, energy is derived primarily from solid biomass fuels burned in simple stoves with poor & African Center for Technology Studies, Nairobi, Kenya ABSTRACT: Household energy in sub-Saharan Africa

  10. North-South Universittsspital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    global P-cycling through intense use of phosphate rock products,primarily as mineral fertiliser. In fact-South Forum Phosphorus ­ A bottleneck of nature Phosphorus: Pollution, resource scarcity and its implications in the fields of global change and sustainable development. Encompassing a network of over 400 researchers

  11. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  12. africa methodology findings: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: for Development: Climate Change Policy for Africa. AfricanCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION SUMMARY PROJECTS: OF FINDINGS FROM...

  13. Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa sustainable. Furthermore, it proposes options that could enhance the sustainability of the power sector. The study adds value to the limited but growing literature on...

  14. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Modern Lighting Product Quality Assurance for Off-GridLighting Africa Product Quality Assurance Workshop AirlieLighting Initiative Quality Certification Institute United

  15. Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Africa to channel carbon offset payments from developed countries to stimulate more carbon sequestration in African farming systems. As the African nations develop their...

  16. africa estimating hiv: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that measured adherence to ART and its predictors in the past decade. Findings. Against expectations, sub-Saharan Africa patients have similar or higher adherence levels compared...

  17. Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technical Potential of...

  18. africa health systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page Topic Index 1 MSU at Work in Africa: Improving Health Physics Websites Summary: the health care systems involved. MSU's Involvement and Accomplishment "Long-term presence on...

  19. africa electronic resource: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Water resource management in West Africa is often a complicated process due to inadequate resources, climatic Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: in the Volta...

  20. Geodatabase of the South Texas Uranium District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark Beaman; William Wade Mcgee

    Uranium and its associated trace elements and radionuclides are ubiquitous in the South Texas Tertiary environment. Surface mining of this resource from the 1960s through the early 1980s at over sixty locations has left an extensive anthropological footprint (Fig. 1) in the lower Nueces and San Antonio river basins. Reclamation of mining initiated after 1975 has been under the regulatory authority of the Railroad Commission of Texas (RCT). However, mines that were active before the Texas Surface Mining Act of 1975 was enacted, and never reclaimed, are now considered abandoned. The Abandoned Mine Land Section of the RCT is currently reclaiming these pre-regulation uranium mines with funding from the federal government. The RCT monitors the overall effectiveness of this process through post-reclamation radiation and vegetative cover surveys, water quality testing, slope stability and erosion control monitoring. Presently a number of graduate and postgraduate students are completing research on the watershed and reservoir distribution of trace elements and radionuclides downstream of the South Texas Uranium District. The question remains as to whether the elevated levels of uranium, its associated trace elements and radiation levels in the South Texas environment are due to mining

  1. South Dakota geothermal handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sources of geothermal fluids in South Dakota are described and some of the problems that exist in utilization and materials selection are described. Methods of heat extraction and the environmental concerns that accompany geothermal fluid development are briefly described. Governmental rules, regulations and legislation are explained. The time and steps necessary to bring about the development of the geothermal resource are explained in detail. Some of the federal incentives that encourage the use of geothermal energy are summarized. (MHR)

  2. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  3. South Carolina Solid Waste Policy and Management Act (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The state of South Carolina supports a regional approach to solid waste management and encourages the development and implementation of alternative waste management practices and resource recovery....

  4. Organizational adaptation to Complexity: A study of the South African Insurance Market as a Complex Adaptive System through Statistical Risk Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul, Satyakama; Marwala, Tshilidzi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa assumes a significant position in the insurance landscape of Africa. The present research based upon qualitative and quantitative analysis, shows that it shows the characteristics of a Complex Adaptive System. In addition, a statistical analysis of risk measures through Value at risk and Conditional tail expectation is carried out to show how an individual insurance company copes under external complexities. The authors believe that an explanation of the coping strategies, and the subsequent managerial implications would enrich our understanding of complexity in business.

  5. Mutual Gains and Distributive Ideologies in South Africa: Theorizing Negotiations between Communities and Protected Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Derick A

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    work on negotiation from psychology and management studies,work on negotiation from psychology and management studies.work on negotiation from psychology and management studies.

  6. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    C. Duffield, 2006. Improved PFI/PPP service outcomes throughhttp://infrastructure.gov.in/pdf/PPP-PROJECT.pdf (accessedCreamer, T. 2012. Future PPP model must balance public,

  7. Evidence for a new introduction of the pitch canker fungus Fusarium circinatum in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cause damping off, root and collar rot, tip dieback and often large-scale seedling mortality (Mitchell locations (Wikler & Gordon, 2000). Although the pathogen may in some regions be spread by wind, water splash

  8. Special WSG Meeting, Langebaan, South Africa, 12-15 August 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal:  Wader Study Group Bulletin Attachment Size p00005-p00005.pdf 132.29 KB Volume:  82 Year:  1997 Pages:  5

  9. The Promotion of Access to and Protection of National Security Information in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klaaren, Jonathan E.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    broadly, a military information security policy has beenfor secrecy and therefore information security measures in asection describes the information security implementation

  10. Energy Efficient Rondavels in the Kruger National Game Reserve, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holm, D.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Five is an unforgettable experience. Part of this is the climate and the unusual architecture of rondavels. These traditional buildings were originally windowless round huts with low mud walls (adobe or wattle- and- daub) topped by conical thatched... derived from the Latin root "round" and is an apt description of the traditional climate-adapted 3,600 to 6,000mm diameter hut consisting of a circular 1,200 to 1,500mm high mud construction wall supporting a conical grass thatched roof. This geometry...

  11. Anticyclonic and cyclonic eddies of subtropical origin in the subantarctic zone south of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    that the meridional propagation of mesoscale eddies at distinct sectors of the Subtropical Front (STF), such as those with this view, Dencausse et al. [2011] recently observed that, due to the intense mesoscale activity interval appears as a preferential pathway for mesoscale structures. Here, indeed, warm eddies

  12. Present at the Creation: Founding Party Dominance in South Africa and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Mark Yaron

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malawi,” in Giliomee & Simkins (eds) The Awkward Embrace:of Political Science Giliomee, H. and Simkins, C. 1999. “Introduction,” in Giliomee & Simkins (eds) The Awkward

  13. The political aspects of institutional developments in the water sector: South Africa and its international river

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    (meaning the Lion). He left an indelible imprint on my life. His love of the wide-open spaces of this continent, and his intense pride at being an African in every sense of the word (he spent his childhood became intensely interested in river basins and the complex web of life that they support as they meander

  14. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consumers within the New Public Management (reforms that aimpublic administration, politics and management of expectations. NewNew development: Accountability in public-private partnership the case of local strategic partnerships. Public Money & Management

  15. Wasted opportunities : inequality and fragmentation in the 2010 South Africa World Cup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Astrid

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont.) This thesis will examine the possibilities for cities to use the 2010 World Cup to hasten city development. The first chapter will detail the 2010 World Cup plan and the local stakeholders as well as the lessons ...

  16. Sun City and the Sounds of Liberation: Cultural Resistance for Social Justice in Apartheid South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Jonathan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FNI Multimedia, "Sun City." Http://africanactivist.msu.edu/1985. Kraft, Scott. "Shunning Sun City: Cultural Boycott ofWhites." The Vancouver Sun, March 31, 1990. Lacey, Liam. "

  17. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and climate change. Her broad research interest lies in knowledge management, information communication

  18. A study of building technology in the Natal building industry, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pather, Rubintheran

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    opportunity for technological improvement, (2) identify reasons for the slow technological progress in the building industry, and (3) establish directions for continuing this research focus. Descriptive statistics were used to report the findings of the study...

  19. Ostrich 2004, 75(4): 309316 Printed in South Africa --All rights reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    according to the subspecies dis- tribution map in Clancey (1989), and on a finer scale by degree grid to investigate geographic variation. A degree grid cell is 1° x 1°, e.g. 1915 is the one degree grid cell with 19Gee 1978) by grid cell. Water deficiency is the moisture needed by vegetation that soil water storage

  20. Proceedings of the 21st International Cartographic Conference (ICC) Durban, South Africa, 10 16 August 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraak, Menno-Jan

    around mobile phones, personal digital assistance, and global positioning devices. The location-mail: kraak@itc.nl. Website: http://www.itc.nl/personal/kraak ABSTRACT At the end of the sixties Hägerstrand which demonstrates an increased need for personal geo-data. This need for geo-data is based on a strong

  1. Sequence stratigraphic development of the Neoarchean Transvaal carbonate platform, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumner, Dawn Y.; Beukes, Nicolas J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mountains, N Spain). Sedimentology, 51, 267-295. Poujol,western Australia. Sedimentology, 50, 1283-1302. Stowe,Siegfried, H.P. (1997). Sedimentology and facies development

  2. Non-Economic Determinants of Energy Use in Rural Areas of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Annecke, W. (Energy and Development Research Center, University of Cape Town, South Africa)

    1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This project will begin to determine the forces and dimensions in rural energy-use patterns and begin to address policy and implementation needs for the future. This entails: Forecasting the social and economic benefits that electrification is assumed to deliver regarding education and women's lives; Assessing negative perceptions of users, which have been established through the slow uptake of electricity; Making recommendations as to how these perceptions could be addressed in policy development and in the continuing electrification program; Making recommendations to policy makers on how to support and make optimal use of current energy-use practices where these are socio-economically sound; Identifying misinformation and wasteful practices; and Other recommendations, which will significantly improve the success of the rural electrification program in a socio-economically sound manner, as identified in the course of the work.

  3. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E Ambassadors and U.S. DEPARTMENT OFEnergy Alice|Further

  4. United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success|Sustainable EnergyMotorUncle

  5. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation&DepartmentFurther the Development

  6. South Africa-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound(FIRM) | OpenGTZ(RECP)

  7. South Africa-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎SolarCity Corp Jump to:SolibroSoursos Energy

  8. South Africa-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎SolarCity Corp Jump to:SolibroSoursos EnergyInformation

  9. South Africa-National Development Plan: Vision for 2030 | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎SolarCity Corp Jump to:SolibroSoursos

  10. South Africa-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎SolarCity Corp Jump to:SolibroSoursosEnergy Information

  11. South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDeveloping

  12. South Africa-GTZ Bus Rapid Transit Johannesburg | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDevelopingGTZ Bus Rapid

  13. South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkar SolarSomontDevelopingGTZ

  14. South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkarTopics Background analysis

  15. Interannual variability of photosynthesis across Africa and its attribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Interannual variability of photosynthesis across Africa and its attribution Christopher A. Williams of photosynthesis across the African continent during the period 1982­2003. Acute soil water stress emerges as the primary factor driving interannual variability of photosynthesis for most of Africa. Southern savannas

  16. CANADA-SOUTHERN AFRICA MIGRATION SURVEY INFORMATION What is SAMP?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    1 CANADA-SOUTHERN AFRICA MIGRATION SURVEY INFORMATION What is SAMP? SAMP is the Southern African people in Canada and in Africa? SAMP recently launched a new migration project, The Diaspora Project come to Canada and do they ever think of going back? What kind of education individuals have obtained

  17. FAO Forestry Department Wood Energy WISDOM East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FAO ­ Forestry Department ­ Wood Energy WISDOM ­ East Africa Woodfuel Integrated Supply and Tropical Southern Africa woodfuels, mainly fuelwood, contribute from 75 to 86 percent of total primary African countries Rudi Drigo Consultant - Wood energy planning and forest resources monitoring August 2005

  18. Climate Action Plan (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Governor Sanford issued Executive Order 2007-04 on February 16, 2007, establishing the South Carolina Climate, Energy and Commerce Advisory Committee (CECAC).

  19. South African Hake Sales Increase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South African Hake Sales Increase The Capeto\\\\ n Traw ler Com pan) Inin and J ohn~on. i e\\port1l1g

  20. Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly Cameroon axes illegal logging 14/05/2010 Cameroon axes illegal logging Illegal and trade of illegal logging. The latest country to sign up to the programme is Cameroon, which completed

  1. Petroleum developments in North Africa in 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 6 countries covered by this report, the extent of valid petroleum rights, seismic work, and drilling was nearly the same as in 1978. The success rate of wildcat drilling decreased slightly, to 28% (33% in 1978), with 26 oil or gas discoveries. In southwestern Tunisia, the Amoco Sabrina Nord 1 tested 930 bbl of 39/sup 0/ APl oil from Cambrian-Ordovician sandstones - the first oil to come from lower Paleozoic rocks in Tunisia. First commercial oil from Cambrian-Ordovician rocks in western Libya was discovered by Agip A1-NC40 which flowed 1,400 b/d. Highlight of the year in North Africa was in the interior basin of Sudan where the Chevron Abu Gabra 1 tested 900 BOPD of 40/sup 0/ APl oil from Cretaceous rocks; 2 other wells, spudded in late 1979 in the same area, have tested 3,200 and 7,300 b/d, respectively, in early 1980. Discovery well of the interior basin was Chevron Unity 1 which tested small amounts of oil in 1978. Oil production in North Africa in 1979 averaged 3,939,500 b/d compared with 3,802,800 b/d in 1978, an increase of 3.6%.

  2. Hot Fuel Examination Facility/South

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the potential environmental impacts associated with proposed modifications to the Hot Fuel Examination Facility/South (HFEF/S). The proposed action, to modify the existing HFEF/S at the Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W) on the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) in southeastern Idaho, would allow important aspects of the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) concept, offering potential advantages in nuclear safety and economics, to be demonstrated. It would support fuel cycle experiments and would supply fresh fuel to the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) at the INEL. 35 refs., 12 figs., 13 tabs.

  3. South Dakota Wind Resource Assessment Network (WRAN)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    WRAN is a network of instrument stations sited throughout South Dakota. As of 2010, there are eleven stations, and some have been collecting data since 2001. The purpose of the WRAN:

    There are several reasons why the WRAN was built. One of the most obvious is that it will allow verification of the existing resource assessments of our state. South Dakota has tremendous potential as an exporter of wind-generated electricity. There has recently been a great deal of publicity over a Pacific Northwest National Laboratories study conducted in the early 1990s that ranked the contiguous 48 states in terms of their potential to produce windpower. (Click here for the results of this study as given by the American Wind Energy Association.) South Dakota ranked fourth in that study. Also, more recently, detailed maps of the wind resource in South Dakota were produced by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Unfortunately, both of these studies had to rely heavily on computer-generated models and very sparse measured data, because very little appropriate measured data exists. The WRAN will provide valuable data that we anticipate will validate the NREL maps, and perhaps suggest minor adjustments.

    There are many other benefits the WRAN will provide. The data it will measure will be at heights above ground that are more appropriate for predicting the performance of large modern wind turbines, as opposed to data collected at National Weather Service stations whose anemometers are usually only about 9 m (30 feet) above ground. Also, we will collect some different types of data than most wind measurement networks, which will allow a series of important studies of the potential impact and value of South Dakota's windpower. In addition, all of the WRAN data will be made available to the public via this WWWeb site. This will hopefully enable extensive informed discussion among all South Dakotans on such important topics as rural economic development and transmission system expansion. [Copied from http://sdwind.com/about/

  4. Judy Genshaft, PhD President, University of South Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Judy Genshaft, PhD President, University of South Florida Charles (Charly) J. Lockwood, MD, MHCM & Safety Dianne Morrison- Beedy, PhD, RN, WHNP-BC, FNAP, FAANP, FAAN Senior Associate Vice President Officer Gretchen Koehler, PhD Assistant Vice President, Academic Program Administration & Inst

  5. South Dakota North Platte R.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Dakota Nebraska Index map North Platte R. South Platte R. Dismal R. Platte R. Study area 0 0 1 KILOMETER 1 MILE Scotts Bluff County Tri-St ate Canal Mitchell Canal North Platte River Enterprise 2002 Prepared in cooperation with the NORTH PLATTE NATURAL RESOURCES DISTRICT SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS

  6. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Africa and Middle East Project Plan 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jamison, Jeremy D.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GTRI Africa and Middle East Project Plan submitted for school project to American Graduate University.

  7. Construction in Navigable Waters (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control program establishes a number of provisions regarding waters, water resources, and drainage in South Carolina. Navigable streams...

  8. Evaluating the Interstate Highway Transportation System in West Africa: Recommendations for an Integrated Highway Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyang, Lamin Bumi

    2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    facilitate development and spur economic growth in the West African region by attracting foreign investors, residential, commercial, and industrial development along its corridor. With an integrated interstate highway system in West Africa, it is expected... infrastructure so that it becomes the catalyst for Africa’s growth. The regionally integrated corridor approach offers prospects for speedier integration of infrastructure systems in Africa. The vision and ultimate objective for Africa should be to create a...

  9. eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, C.E.; /Australian Natl. U., Canberra; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; /Lab.Phys.Plasmas, Saint Maur des Fosses; Barry, B.; /Assoc.African Univ., Accra; Chukwuma; /Olabisi Onabanjo U.; Cottrell, R.L.; /SLAC; Kalim, U.; /Pakistan Natl. U.; Mebrahtu, A.; /Mekelle U.; Petitdidier, M.; /Lab. d'Atmos., Velizy; Rabiu, B.; /Federal Tech. U., Akure; Reeves, C.; /Earthworks bv, Delft; ,

    2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffers some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs - National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide - either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

  10. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development ISSN: 2152-0801 online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ummenhofer, Caroline C.

    and Policy in Africa (CEEPA), University of Pretoria, South Africa j Department of Physical Oceanography Policy Analysts (ECONUPA), USA o Centre for Aquatic Research, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.034.028 Copyright © 2013 by New Leaf Associates, Inc. Abstract Meeting the demand for food, energy, and water

  11. Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    in November 2013, of 600K in grant funding for renewable energy business models in Kenya and Nigeria. Formally launched by President Obama in June 2013, Power Africa is the...

  12. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of technological options for off-grid light provision thatQuality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa Conferencemarkets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies

  13. Sustainable Fishing in West Africa: Combating Piracy and Poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McPhee-Shaw, Erika

    presents Sustainable Fishing in West Africa: Combating Piracy and Poverty an Evening with Mariah to help combat the poverty, piracy, and corruption. About the Speaker: Mariah Boyle is an alumna of MLML

  14. Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maideni, Francis W.

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ???????..?...?.??. 15 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ??????????..??. 26 SUMMARY????????????????????... 52 III PHENOTYPIC AND GENETIC ANALYSIS OF MAIZE TESTING EVALUATIONS IN EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA????????????.?..................................... 94... INTRODUCTION????????????.???..??? 94 REVIEW OF LITERATURE????????..???.??.. 96 MATERIALS AND METHODS???????..?...?.??.. 98 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ???........................................ 100 SUMMARY??????????????????????. 158 IV...

  15. Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Affairs 11-14-14JonathanElkind FT HFA.pdf More Documents & Publications Bioenergy for Sustainable Development Deliverables from U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial 2014 Draft Agenda...

  16. People and Forests: a case study from Benin, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Erika Beth

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this work is to demonstrate how sacred forests in Benin, West Africa, contribute to forest conservation. Local use of natural resources is well-practiced in maintaining wooded space; the same use of those ...

  17. Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maideni, Francis W.

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The region of eastern and southern Africa is very diverse in environments and agronomic practices. The region has one of the highest per capita consumption of maize (Zea mays. L), which is predominantly produced by smallholder ...

  18. africa mediterranean fruit: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Development and evaluation of the BSC-DREAM8b dust regional model over Northern Africa, Barcelona, Spain (Manuscript received 6 September 2011; in final form 30...

  19. New Challenges to Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indzembi, Franck Corentin

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The countries of Sub-Saharan Africa remain among the globe's least developed and most food insecure nations. Policymakers argue that the answers to increased agricultural productivity and financial growth lie in the adoption ...

  20. Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickrell, Joseph K.

    The history of southern Africa involved interactions between indigenous hunter–gatherers and a range of populations that moved into the region. Here we use genome-wide genetic data to show that there are at least two ...

  1. A multiplex PCR assay for the simultaneous identification of three

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A multiplex PCR assay for the simultaneous identification of three mealybug species (Hemiptera of three mealybug species (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) associated with grapevine in South Africa

  2. Water Pollution Control (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is the public policy of the state of South Dakota to conserve the waters of the state and to protect, maintain, and improve their quality for water supplies, for the propagation of wildlife,...

  3. Geology and petroleum resources of north-central and northeast Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, J.A.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In north-central and northeast Africa, important petroleum accumulations exist in the Sirte basin of Libya, the western Sahara region of Algeria, the Pelagian platform offshore from eastern Tunisia, and in the Western Desert basin, Suez graben, and Nile delta in Egypt. Approximately 55 major fields (> 100 million BOE), of which 15 are giants (> 1 billion BOE), have been found in these provinces. Total estimated ultimate production from existing fields in 60 billion bbl of oil and 100 tcf of gas; estimated undiscovered petroleum resources are 26 billion bbl of oil and 93 tcf of gas. The post-Precambrian sedimentary basins of north Africa are related to the development of the Sahara platform during at least four main tectonic episodes (the Caledonian, Hercynian, Laramide, and Alpine cycles). The sedimentary cover of the platform, which includes rocks of all geologic systems, ranges from less than 1000 m (3300 ft) in the south to more than 9000 m (30,000 ft) along the Mediterranean coast. Paleozoic rocks are primarily continental and nearshore marine sandstone and shale, which are important reservoir and source rocks for petroleum in the central and western parts of the Sahara platform. Lower Mesozoic rocks were deposited in a continental and restricted marine environment, and contain thick beds of red beds and evaporites, including salt, which are important seals for oil and gas fields. Upper Mesozoic and Tertiary rocks are related to the development of the Mediterranean Tethys geosyncline and are characterized by numerous transgressive-regressive cycles of the Tethyan seaway. Marine carbonate and shale facies are dominant in the Upper Jurassic, Cretaceous, and lower Tertiary section of northern Libya, eastern Tunisia-Pelagian platform, and northern Egypt. Upper Tertiary beds are continental clastics on most of the platform, except near the Mediterranean.

  4. Environmental Patterns Associated with Active and Inactive Caribbean Hurricane Seasons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental Patterns Associated with Active and Inactive Caribbean Hurricane Seasons MARK R. JURY of hurricanes passing through the Caribbean in the 1950­2005 period reveals that seasons with more intense hurricanes occur with the onset of Pacific La Nin~a events and when Atlantic SSTs west of Africa are above

  5. An Integrated Study of Avian Influenza Impacts and Associated Climate Change Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mu, Jianhong

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ................. 121 Table 5-9 Changes in Total Producers? Surplus (in billion 2004 dollars) .................... 123 Table 5-10 National Price with Domestic and Excess Demand Shifts ($/ unit) ........... 128 Table 5-11 National Production under Different Demand... in terms of scale and geographic distribution, initially through East and Southeast Asia in 2003? 2004 and then into Mongolia, southern Russia, the Middle East and to Europe, Africa and South Asia in 2005?2006, with outbreaks recurring in various...

  6. Nicastro et al. BMC Ecology 2010, 10:17 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6785/10/17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teixeira, Sara

    in South Africa, the invasive Mytilus galloprovincialis and the indigenous Perna perna. These two species show partial habitat segregation on the south coast of South Africa, the lower and upper areas the invasive species to higher stress and associated energy demands, but it minimizes water loss, allowing

  7. Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R. [CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.

  8. South Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand CubicCubicIndiaFeet)6Feet)

  9. Four rigs refurbished for West Africa drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In April and May 1990, Shell Petroleum Development Co. of Nigeria Ltd. awarded Noble Drilling West Africa Inc. four separate contracts to drill oil and gas wells in the inland waterways of Nigeria. The contracted rigs included a shallow water jack up, the NN-1, and three posted barges, the Gene Rosser, the Chuck Syring, and the Lewis Dugger. The jack up was built in 1978, and the three posted barges are 1980s vintage. Three of the rigs have been idle for a number of years. The Shell Nigeria contracts required major modifications to the rigs before putting them into international service. Noble replaced or refurbished all major pieces of equipment in the drilling, power, and service systems on the rigs. Rig crews serviced all other equipment. A significant amount of general service piping and electrical wiring was replaced. Each rig also required additional motor control centers to support the new drilling and mud processing equipment. Alfa-Laval waste-heat water desalination plants and new sewage treatment units were installed on all four rigs. Because of the tidal variances and high silt conditions expected in the African waterways, all engine cooling systems were converted from heat exchangers to radiators. Rotary tables were made common on all rigs at 37 1/2 in. Noble had all traveling equipment completely inspected and modified as necessary. Strict attention was paid to certification and documentation of all equipment. Safety upgrades conformed to both Shell and Noble standards. Fire and gas detection systems were installed throughout each rig. Water and foam deluge systems were installed in the wellhead areas, and new foam systems and monitors were installed on the helldecks.

  10. China's Presence in Rwanda and Africa, through the Lens of the Product Life Cycle Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sofiani, Lily

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    >. "Looking-East-Rwanda-China-case-study." Home | ACET.849662/special-report-china-storms-africa>. "The Birth ofGift: The Real Story of China in Africa [Paperback]." N.p. ,

  11. Ecology in Africa: a view from the past for informing the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, Dino J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reviews ISSN 1948?6596  Ecology in Africa: a view from the the future  African Ecology – Benchmarks and Historical s  role  in  shaping  the  ecology  of  Africa…”.   These 

  12. South Valley Compliance Agreement Summary

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2Uranium Transfer toSensorSoftware HelpsSouth Valley Agreement Name South Valley

  13. EIS-0099: Remedial Actions at the Former Vitro Chemical Company Site, South Salt Lake, Salt Lake County, Utah

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy developed this statement to evaluate the environmental impacts of various scenarios associated with the cleanup of those residues remaining at the abandoned uranium mill tailings site located in South Salt Lake, Utah.

  14. Article #11, May 23, 2006 AJ's Technical Tips: Technologies for Lighting in Rural Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    Jacobson People living in off-grid areas in Africa use a variety of different technologies for lighting. I

  15. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  16. THE EU-AFRICA ENERGY COOPERATION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUSINESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    multilateral and bilateral energy relationships with Africa. There are three EU-Africa energy initiativesTHE EU-AFRICA ENERGY COOPERATION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUSINESSESD Candidate Energy security, sustainable development and mutual benefits are the three keywords

  17. THE DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACT OF DAMS: EVIDENCE FROM CROPLAND PRODUCTIVITY IN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    THE DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACT OF DAMS: EVIDENCE FROM CROPLAND PRODUCTIVITY IN AFRICA Eric STROBL Robert of Dams: Evidence from Cropland Productivity in Africa Eric Strobl*, ** Ecole Polytechnique & Robert the distributional impact of major dams on cropland productivity in Africa. As our unit of analysis we use

  18. Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login | Register | Shopping Cart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login Contact Us Sign Up for e-mail updates Home » Online Features » e2 - Eye on Earth Biofuels in Africa May for developing biofuels from sugar cane and other crops. Photo by Steve McNicholas Africa can use the biofuels

  19. A review of the fossil record of spiders (Araneae) with special reference to Africa, and description of a new specimen from the Triassic Molteno Formation of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selden, Paul A.; Anderson, H.M.; Anderson, J.M.

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    species in Dominican amber and alive on the island of Hispaniola respectively (Penney 2008). In spite of specimens having been available in gem shops relatively cheaply throughout the world, few descriptions of African copal spiders appeared until recently... amber was really a fake in Madagascan copal. Holl’s one-sentence description and figure (pl. 8, fig. 68a) suggests it almost certainly belongs to an ant-mimicing salticid genus such as Myrmarachne (which occurs in Madagascan copal), although the figure...

  20. Weatherization Training for South Carolina's Muggy Weather

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Why it makes sense for one technical college in Charleston, South Carolina is adding weatherization programs to their curriculum.

  1. Ram Village South Chiller Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Winston Ram Village South Chiller Plant Dental Craige Campus Alumni Swain Stacy Thermal Student Planetarium Ackland Art Museum Research Chiller D 114 Chase Ave. APCF- Grounds Medical Morehead Stalling- Evans Sports Medicine Center Cobb Hall Ernie School Old Hospital Chiller Hanes Art Coker Wilson Battle

  2. The Climate of the South Platte Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Climate of the South Platte Basin Colorado Climate Center http://climate.atmos.colostate.edu #12;Key Features of the Climate of the South Platte Basin #12;Temperature Cold winters Hot summers #12;Precipitation Monthly Average Precipitation for Selected Sites in the South Platte Basin 0.00 0

  3. MSU at Work in Africa: Food and Agricultural Export

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU at Work in Africa: Food and Agricultural Export Value Chain Development The Challenge Global, and other high-value export products, small- and medium-scale producers have struggled to access these markets. Paving the way for these producers to supply high-value food and agricultural export markets

  4. Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa J. Roux a*, G. Meke b , B are being allocated to the training of forestry staff andtreeimprovement.Theseefforts,aimedatstrengtheningthe forestry business, also embrace research on pests and diseases that might significantly reduce the value

  5. Capacity Building on Access to Energy in Africa: Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capacity Building on Access to Energy in Africa: Final Report Danish Support to EUEI Facilitation from African partner organisations and individuals Title: Capacity Building on Access to Energy (Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs) Cover: Solar home system installed at house near Chipata, Eastern

  6. africa policy guidelines: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    africa policy guidelines First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Academic Policies and...

  7. MSU at Work in Africa: Land Use, Strategic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and processing of mineral resources, and the local housing construction industry are grossly untapped areas of Africa, excessive extraction of resources, including oil, coal, and natural gas, has resulted Raleigh Barlowe, land by itself creates little value; however, when combined with human, financial

  8. Recurrence plots from altimetry data of some lakes in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amelia Carolina Sparavigna

    2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper shows recurrence plots obtained from time series of the level variations of four lakes in Africa (Nasser, Tana, Chad and Kainji). The data, coming from remote sensing, are provided by the United States Department of Agriculture. The recurrence plots allow a good visual comparison of the behaviours of local drainage basins.

  9. Recurrence plots from altimetry data of some lakes in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper shows recurrence plots obtained from time series of the level variations of four lakes in Africa (Nasser, Tana, Chad and Kainji). The data, coming from remote sensing, are provided by the United States Department of Agriculture. The recurrence plots allow a good visual comparison of the behaviours of local drainage basins.

  10. Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Wen

    Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa Joseph E. Quansah1 , Gilbert L of the science with respect to remote sensing applications for aquaculture, including site location, aquaculture for multi-sensor remote sensing deployment to support sustainable fish production in these environments

  11. Building Climate Smart Agriculture in Africa through Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tufts University

    ... stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production since 2004 Countries investing in agriculture in Africa include the United States, UK, Sweden, China

  12. The tectonic development of south-central Asia and the paleogeographic setting of its hydrocarbon resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scotese, C.R. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Tyrell, W.W. Jr. (Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Maher, K.A. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The countries of south-central Asia (Afghanistan to Thailand) are made up of fragments of Gondwana that collided with the southern margin of Eurasia during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. The Cimmerian terranes (Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Qiang Tang, and Burma-Malaya) rifted away from Gondwana beginning in the Late Carboniferous and were accreted to Asia during the Late Triassic-Jurassic. The Lhasa terrane, presumably also derived from Gondwana, was accreted during the Late Jurassic. By the Early Cretaceous, India-Madagascar had separated from Africa and from Australia-Antarctica. In the middle Cretaceous, India rapidly rifted away from Madagascar, and during the early Eocene collided with Asia giving rise to the Tibetam Plateau and the mountain belts from Afghanistan through Burma. The sedimentary basins and petroleum provinces adjacent to and south of these collision zones are best understood when viewed in the context of their tectonic history and paleogeographic setting. About 7 billion bbl of oil and 50 tcf of gas have been discovered in south-central Asia, mostly in Cenozoic deltaic sandstones or marine carbonate reservoirs in rift (Cambay), passive margin (Bombay shelf), and foreland basins (Assam, Indux, Potwar, Bengal) in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and in a fore-arc setting in Burma. Source rocks are mostly Paleogene shale, but some Paleozoic and Mesozoic sources be present in Pakistan. New exploration is underway or will begin soon in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Burma.

  13. Detecting vegetation-precipitation feedbacks in mid-Holocene North Africa from two climate models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yi; Notaro, Michael; Liu, Zhengyu; Gallimore, Robert; Levis, Samuel; Kutzbach, John E.

    2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Using two climate-vegetation model simulations from the Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model (FOAM) and the Community Climate System Model (CCSM, version 2), we investigate vegetation-precipitation feedbacks across North Africa during the mid-Holocene. From mid-Holocene snapshot runs of FOAM and CCSM2, we detect a negative feedback at the annual timescale with our statistical analysis. Using the Monte- Carlo bootstrap method, the annual negative feedback is further confirmed to be significant in both simulations. Additional analysis shows that this negative interaction is partially caused by the competition between evaporation and transpiration in North African grasslands. Furthermore, we find the feedbacks decrease with increasing timescales, and change signs from positive to negative at increasing timescales in FOAM. The proposed mechanism for this sign switch is associated with the different persistent timescales of upper and lower soil water contents, and their interactions with vegetation and atmospheric precipitation.

  14. Cost effective waste management through composting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R. [CRECHE, Centre for Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE, Centre for Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The financial/social/institutional sustainability of waste management in Africa is analysed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note is a compendium of a study on the potential for GHG control via improved zero waste in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study provides the framework for Local Authorities for realizing sustained GHG reductions. - Abstract: Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per person from urban waste management activities are greater in sub-Saharan African countries than in other developing countries, and are increasing as the population becomes more urbanised. Waste from urban areas across Africa is essentially dumped on the ground and there is little control over the resulting gas emissions. The clean development mechanism (CDM), from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol has been the vehicle to initiate projects to control GHG emissions in Africa. However, very few of these projects have been implemented and properly registered. A much more efficient and cost effective way to control GHG emissions from waste is to stabilise the waste via composting and to use the composted material as a soil improver/organic fertiliser or as a component of growing media. Compost can be produced by open windrow or in-vessel composting plants. This paper shows that passively aerated open windrows constitute an appropriate low-cost option for African countries. However, to provide an usable compost material it is recommended that waste is processed through a materials recovery facility (MRF) before being composted. The paper demonstrates that material and biological treatment (MBT) are viable in Africa where they are funded, e.g. CDM. However, they are unlikely to be instigated unless there is a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol, which ceases for Registration in December 2012.

  15. South Dakota Geothermal Energy Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sources of geothermal fluids in South Dakota are described and some of the problems that exist in utilization and materials selection are detailed. Methods of heat extraction and the environmental concerns that accompany geothermal fluid development are briefly described. Governmental rules, regulations and legislation are explained. The time and steps necessary to bring about the development of the geothermal resources are explained in detail. Some of the federal incentives that encourage the use of geothermal energy are summarized.

  16. African Alumni of ISU (ISU-AA) "Statement of Intent"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, Ian S.

    . Most countries in Africa: Kenya, Libya, South Africa, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroun, Algeria and others

  17. Computer Physics Communications 174 (2006) 846851 www.elsevier.com/locate/cpc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lagaris, Isaac

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , University of South Africa (UNISA), Pretoria, South Africa Received 11 October 2005; received in revised form energy. If the tempera

  18. Opportunities to change development pathways toward lower greenhouse gas emissions through energy efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa through the use of energy efficiency policies.South Africa energy efficiency program examples Energy efficiency policy

  19. Climate and Land Use Change Processes in East Africa While some regions of East Africa are being preserved as natural areas, others, including the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate and Land Use Change Processes in East Africa While some regions of East Africa are being to agriculture. Some members of the Maasai tribe, traditionally a pastoral people, are changing to changes in climate. The land use box will involve further modeling of the effects of these concurrent

  20. Contacts at Regional Coordination Offices West Africa Bassirou Bonfoh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Mira Arynova Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan mira.arynova@ucentralasia.org www.nccr-central-asia.org South Asia- Aletsch Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Thailand Laos Vietnam China (Yunnan Province) Cambodia

  1. Waste management activities and carbon emissions in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R. [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes research into waste management activities and carbon emissions from territories in sub-Saharan Africa with the main objective of quantifying emission reductions (ERs) that can be gained through viable improvements to waste management in Africa. It demonstrates that data on waste and carbon emissions is poor and generally inadequate for prediction models. The paper shows that the amount of waste produced and its composition are linked to national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Waste production per person is around half that in developed countries with a mean around 230 kg/hd/yr. Sub-Saharan territories produce waste with a biogenic carbon content of around 56% (+/-25%), which is approximately 40% greater than developed countries. This waste is disposed in uncontrolled dumps that produce large amounts of methane gas. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from waste will rise with increasing urbanization and can only be controlled through funding mechanisms from developed countries.

  2. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  3. Africa planned gas lines will meet future demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The burgeoning European market for natural gas is expected to create major gas line construction. The potential for North Africa looks particularly promising in 1991. Italy's ENI has proposed a 6,000-km (3,728-mi) gas network in North Africa to connect gas-rich Libya and Algeria with Morocco and Mauritania, making large volumes available to the European market. According to the proposal, a gas line would run from the Sirte Basin in Libya west to Mauritania. Extending the line eastward through Egypt and on to the Arabian Peninsula would provide export access. In this paper initial studies are examine reserve projections for the next 20 years, then based on results, a transmission/distribution network will be designed, including an offshore gathering system.

  4. Oil and gas developments in north Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popescu, B.M.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recovery of international petroleum activity in 1987 was reflected slightly in the 6 North Africa countries covered in this report (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia). Licensed area increased marginally to about 2,594,000 km/sup 2/ (up 0.5% from 1986), whereas surface exploration and drilling decreased significantly (about 30% and 20%, respectively, from 1986 levels). The two OPEC-member countries adhered to imposed quotas, recording somewhat lower production levels in 1987 than in 1986; however, total production of the North Africa countries increased to 3,025,000 BOPD (up 2% from 1986) as Egypt recorded all-time highs for both liquids and natural gas production. 7 figs., 29 tabs.

  5. High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

  6. Electric Utilities and Electric Cooperatives (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation authorizes the Public Service Commission to promulgate regulations related to investor owned utilities in South Carolina, and addresses service areas, rates and charges, and...

  7. Texas Nuclear Profile - South Texas Project

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    South Texas Project" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

  8. South Carolina Nuclear Profile - Power Plants

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    South Carolina nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State...

  9. Renewable Energy Manufacturing Tax Credit (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South Carolina offers a ten percent income tax credit to the manufacturers of renewable energy operations* for tax years 2010 through 2015.

  10. Solid Waste Management Program (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South Dakota's Solid Waste Management Program offers loans and grants for solid waste disposal, recycling, and waste tire projects. Funds are available for private or public projects, and...

  11. ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 9700 South Cass Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munson, Todd S.

    ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Illinois 60439 Optimizing the Quality S. Munson Mathematics and Computer Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439

  12. South River EMC- Energy Efficient Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South River EMC offers a variety of rebates encouragings its members to invest in energy efficient appliances, equipment, and home upgrades. Incentives are available for clothes washers,...

  13. Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation, Ascention Island, South...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interpretation, Ascention Island, South Atlantic Ocean Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation,...

  14. South Austrailia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc Jump to:Sound(FIRM)Apopka,South

  15. South Table Mountain Campus Map

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund3Biology|Solar wind samplesUS Dept of Energy,South

  16. Quantification of greenhouse gas emissions from waste management processes for municipalities - A comparative review focusing on Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Elena, E-mail: Friedriche@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Surveying and Construction, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, Durban (South Africa); Trois, Cristina [CRECHE Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Surveying and Construction, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, Durban (South Africa)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) emitted due to waste management in the cities of developing countries is predicted to rise considerably in the near future; however, these countries have a series of problems in accounting and reporting these gases. Some of these problems are related to the status quo of waste management in the developing world and some to the lack of a coherent framework for accounting and reporting of greenhouse gases from waste at municipal level. This review summarizes and compares GHG emissions from individual waste management processes which make up a municipal waste management system, with an emphasis on developing countries and, in particular, Africa. It should be seen as a first step towards developing a more holistic GHG accounting model for municipalities. The comparison between these emissions from developed and developing countries at process level, reveals that there is agreement on the magnitude of the emissions expected from each process (generation of waste, collection and transport, disposal and recycling). The highest GHG savings are achieved through recycling, and these savings would be even higher in developing countries which rely on coal for energy production (e.g. South Africa, India and China) and where non-motorized collection and transport is used. The highest emissions are due to the methane released by dumpsites and landfills, and these emissions are predicted to increase significantly, unless more of the methane is captured and either flared or used for energy generation. The clean development mechanism (CDM) projects implemented in the developing world have made some progress in this field; however, African countries lag behind.

  17. New records of the Cryphonectriaceae from southern Africa including Latruncellus aurorae gen. sp. nov.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New records of the Cryphonectriaceae from southern Africa including Latruncellus aurorae gen. sp, Latruncellus aurorae gen. sp. nov., is described from Galpinia transvaalica (Lythraceae, Myrtales) in Swazi

  18. africa pretoria 20-23: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AND OTHER ALIEN INVASIVE SPECIES IN AFRICA Clement Chilima FISNA Secretariat, Forestry Research to be protected from the impact of alien invasive species for the good of...

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - africa 2007-2009 systematic Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Political Economy (Politics 381) Spring 2005, 2007, Fall 2009... Spring 2008 Politics & Media in Africa Spring 2006 (Senegal) African Politics Fall 2005 Race & Nation... Fiscal...

  20. A 50 year study shows grass cover has increased in shrublands of semi-arid South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    . Masubelele a,*, M.T. Hoffman a,1 , W.J. Bond b,2 , J. Gambiza c,3 a Plant Conservation Unit, Department

  1. international Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Dynamics and Thermodynamics 8-10 April 2002, Kruger National Park, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    between vapor and liquid, m3 /kg Greek Symbols - angle of inclination of the tube with horizontal m superheat, K ONBsatT , - wall superheat at ONB, K u- flow velocity, m/s vLG ­ specific volume difference

  2. Rock art regionalism and identity: case studies from Trans-Pecos Texas and Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hampson, Jamie

    2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    scientific exploration has been attempted. Pueblo Indians do not seem to have occupied it; the inhospitable character of the land does not invite permanent settlement; tribes, however, passing through on errands of migration, or hunting, or by reason... art corpus only once or twice, this does not necessarily mean that that animal was unimportant to the artists or their communities. Taphonomic complexity has also muddied many rock art projects; we should remember that densely painted or engraved...

  3. The use of mobile phones as a data collection tool: A report from a household survey in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The benefits of mobile technology, combined with the6]. The use of mobile technology as a research instrument issize. The benefits of mobile technology, combined with the

  4. A Response to WITS & an Update on a Push for Change in Higher Academia in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worger, William H; Ramoupi, Neo Lekgotla Laga

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    portrait on her departmental web page. For Ramoupi, who isber 2014) the departmental web page listed only five. Even

  5. Inequality, Agricultural Production and Poverty: With Focus on Large-scale / Small-scale Sugarcane Farms in South Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngepah, Nicholas

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and G. Tabelini, 1994. " Is Inequality Harmful for Growth?"The Poverty-Growth-Inequality Triangle" Paper presented atat Old Issues: Growth and Inequality," Mimeo, World Bank,

  6. International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, and Thermodynamics 8-10 April 2002, Kruger Park, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    HEFAT2002 1st International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, and Thermodynamics 8 topic in heat transfer. The power dissipation of the computer chips is rapidly increasing. The thermal management of these high power systems provides a complex challenge. Unfortunately, the heat transfer area

  7. Last Modified 2/1/13 Location and Institution SOUTH AFRICA-CAPE TOWN: UNIVERSITY OF CAPETOWN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galles, David

    Science, Gender Issues, Legal Studies, African Languages and Literature, History, Cinema, and others. For complete course offerings visit: http

  8. African Journal of Marine Science 2012, 34(3): 443452 Printed in South Africa --All rights reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Ric

    that by land) from a modern tide gauge installation comprising pressure and radar sensors that has been.13) and 2.07 (SE 0.30) mm y­1 from tide gauge and altimeter data respectively, suggesting a recent increase. This exercise is based on only one month of historical tide gauge data and is admittedly

  9. Smart Museum of Art, The University of Chicago 5550 South Greenwood Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Chuan

    Smart Museum of Art, The University of Chicago 5550 South Greenwood Avenue Chicago, Illinois 60637 The University of Chicago's Smart Museum of Art presents Awash in Color: French and Japanese Prints, a new History at The University of Chicago, and Anne Leonard, Smart Museum Curator and Associate Director

  10. Fish Oil Industry in South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the international market. Refined anchovy oil is an excellent product for many applIcations or it can be transformedFish Oil Industry in South America UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE FISHERIES, H. E. Crowther, Director Fish Oil Industry in South America By -J. R. SANCHEZ TORRES Chief

  11. Student Housing South Environmental Impact Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sze, Lawrence

    Appendices Student Housing South Environmental Impact Report APPENDIX A. NOTICE OF PREPARATION FOR THE DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT AND COMMENT LETTERS #12;Appendices Student Housing South Environmental Impact Report #12;NOTICE OF PREPARATION: DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT DATE: September 25, 2013 TO

  12. ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 9700 South Cass Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferris, Michael C.

    ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Illinois 60439 NEOS AND CONDOR: SOLVING, 61801. mesnier@cs.uiuc.edu x Mathematics and Computer Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439. more@mcs.anl.gov 1 #12; Many different applications

  13. demographic factors such a bottleneck associ-ated with human migration out of Africa 50,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Matthew D.

    possibilities, including brain size, cognition, personality, motor control, or susceptibility to neurological to Homo sapiens (7, 8). Here, we present compelling evidence that Micro- cephalin has continued its trend

  14. Energy Department and South Dakota Tribal Leaders Explore Ways...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Department and South Dakota Tribal Leaders Explore Ways to Lower Energy Costs Energy Department and South Dakota Tribal Leaders Explore Ways to Lower Energy Costs June 10,...

  15. South Carolina Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    South Carolina Recovery Act State Memo South Carolina has substantial nuclear and hydroelectric resources. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful...

  16. Air Pollution Control Program (South Dakota) | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Provider South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources South Dakota's Air Pollution Control Program is intended to maintain air quality standards through...

  17. Mid-South Metallurgical Makes Electrical and Natural Gas System...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Mid-South Metallurgical Makes Electrical and Natural Gas System Upgrades to Reduce Energy Use and Achieve Cost Savings Mid-South Metallurgical Makes Electrical and Natural Gas...

  18. Savannah River Remediation Donates $10,000 to South Carolina...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Savannah River Remediation Donates 10,000 to South Carolina State Nuclear Engineering Program Savannah River Remediation Donates 10,000 to South Carolina State Nuclear...

  19. EA-1880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South Dakota EA-1880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South Dakota Summary The USDA Rural Utilities Service, with...

  20. EECBG Success Story: South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday Lights EECBG Success Story: South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday...

  1. South Kentucky RECC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South Kentucky Rural Electric Cooperative Corporation (RECC) provides service to more than 60,000 customers in southeastern Kentucky. To promote energy efficiency to residential customers, South...

  2. ara granites south: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Asians and one of the highest proportions (2.3%) of South Asian residents in the United States Garfunkel, Eric 154 South Dakota Tourism Leopard Frog Geosciences Websites...

  3. On the Persistence of Cold-Season SST Anomalies Associated with the Annular Modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    England, Matthew

    . In the North Atlantic, however, the simple climate model overestimates the persistence of the coldOn the Persistence of Cold-Season SST Anomalies Associated with the Annular Modes LAURA M. CIASTO Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia MICHAEL

  4. Constraints on implementing environmental impact assessments in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kakonge, J.O. (UNDP, Maseru (South Africa)); Imevbore, A.M. (Univ. of Ile-ife (Nigeria))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Africa can benefit from the experience of other areas in implementing environmental impact assessments (EIAs), but African countries face a greater challenge in achieving this goal due to such problems as inadequate environmental legislation; inappropriate institutional framework for coordination and monitoring government activities; a shortage of qualified manpower, inadequate financial resources; absence of public awareness of the need for EIAs; and lack of suitable screening procedures to determine which development projects require an EIA. Despite these difficulties, African countries can realize short- and long-term benefits from the incorporation of the EIA into their decision-making process.

  5. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeries | Department ofDepartment of EnergyAfrica

  6. Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu an Group Jump to:Macquarie EnergyMahindraReforms in Africa |

  7. USAID West Africa Climate Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpTypefor AfricaToolkit for

  8. Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki HomeASNAddGlobeJump to: navigation,Africa

  9. Africa's Infrastructure: A Time for Transformation | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki HomeASNAddGlobeJump to:Information Africa's

  10. New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    781 New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa P.W. Crous and M.J. Wingfield Ahstract:Although Africa and Indonesia have not been particularly well surveyed Eucalyptus leaves from Indonesia. The former species is of particular interest, because its anamorph

  11. Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Jurgen Schuol,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Ju¨rgen Schuol,1,2 Karim C. Abbaspour,1 Hong a semidistributed hydrological model SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool), the freshwater components blue water. J. B. Zehnder (2008), Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa, Water Resour. Res., 44

  12. First Announcement Integrated Soil Fertility Management in Africa: From Microbes to Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resources in the management of soil fertility and land quality and the commercialization and adoption of newFirst Announcement Integrated Soil Fertility Management in Africa: From Microbes to Markets (ISFM management strategies benefiting small-scale agriculture in Africa. This conference assembles the strengths

  13. Power and Poverty: The Dilemma of NGO-Supported Development in Africa from a Danish Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Power and Poverty: The Dilemma of NGO-Supported Development in Africa from a Danish Perspective of people in Sub-Saharan Africa still lives and dies in poverty. With a public image determined by disasters of the many factors, powers and interests from micro- to mega-level that maintain the poverty and oppression

  14. OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    621 OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST (ODISEAME and Middle East) is a project related to the fifth sector of application of the EUMEDIS initiative (Euro AND GOALS OF THE PROJECT ODISEAME (Open Distance Inter-university Synergies between Europe, Africa

  15. OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    621 OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST (ODISEAME-university Synergies between Europe, Africa and Middle East) is a project related to the fifth sector of application and the Middle East (ODISEAME). Sixth International Conference on Computer Based Learning in Science, CBLIS 2003

  16. South Louisiana Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkarTopicsSouth DakotaSouthOpenSouth

  17. Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya By Katherine Deaton Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya by Katherine Steel Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division

  18. Hulett's South African Refineries Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. P. Jennings

    The improvement in the quality of raw sugars sent to Hulett's Refinery during the three seasons, 1963164 to 1965166, was the subject of a paper presented to this association last year. (1) These

  19. Africa on My Mind: Encounters in the Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgess, Elaine

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the past fifteen years and the consequent escal~tIon of.unrest, has.led Pretoria to look increasingly at dependency as an integrative mechanism (South African Race Relations Survey 1985,.1986). Marxists ~peak of a "dull compulsion of circumstances...

  20. Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in South Carolina as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific...

  1. Coastal Tidelands and Wetlands (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation enacts a state management program to oversee water and land use and development in South Carolina's coastal zone. Under the program, the Department of Health and Environmental...

  2. Dams and Reservoirs Safety Act (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Dams and Reservoirs Safety Act provides for the certification and inspection of dams in South Carolina and confers regulatory authority on the Department of Health and Environmental Control....

  3. Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Information

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    facilities in South Dakota, use the TransAtlas interactive mapping tool or use BioFuels Atlas to show the use and potential production of biofuels throughout the U.S. and...

  4. S0 june 2007| e. South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 1979­2000 base) from CAms-opi. Fig. 6.20. south American 2006 annual temperature anomalies (°C, 1971­2000 base) from CAms-opi. #12;Sjune 2007State ofthe Climate in 2006 | alies. Negative anomalies of monthly

  5. The Ecohydrology of South American Rivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClain, Michael

    The Ecohydrology of South American Rivers and Wetlands edited by Michael E. McClain Department research integrating the physical processes of hydrology with the biological processes of ecology. Together

  6. Soil and Water Conservation Districts (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Soil and Water Conservation Districts are local governmental subdivisions of the state of South Carolina, established to provide for land and water conservation and prevent erosion in the state....

  7. Water Rights and Appropriation (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    All uses of water in South Dakota, with the exception of domestic water uses, require a Water Right Permit. The Board of Water and Natural Resources has the authority to regulate and control the...

  8. Geopolitics and Energy Security in South America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flaceliere, Aurore

    This dissertation looks at the energy security situation in South America and tries to evaluate why, even though the region possesses important resources, it finds itself today in a rather precarious situation regarding the future. Energy security...

  9. Wild, Scenic, and Recreational Rivers (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources is responsible for maintaining a state water plan, intended to implement state policies for water management. A portion of the plan...

  10. Recovery Act State Memos South Dakota

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    solar-wind generates savings for S.D. city ... 6 Clean energy tax credits and grants: 1 For total Recovery Act jobs numbers in South Dakota go to...

  11. Hazardous Waste Management Act (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is the public policy of the state of South Dakota to regulate the control and generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous wastes. The state operates a comprehensive...

  12. Oil and Gas Conservation (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Minerals and Mining Program oversees the regulation of oil and gas exploration, recovery, and reclamation activities in South Dakota. Permits are required for drilling of oil or gas wells, and...

  13. River Basins Advisory Commissions (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Catawba/Wateree and Yadkin/Pee Dee River Basins Advisory Commissions are permanent public bodies jointly established by North and South Carolina. The commissions are responsible for assessing...

  14. ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 9700 South Cass Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedlander, Michael P.

    ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Illinois 60439 A Filter Active and Computer Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, {leyffer,tmunson}@mcs.anl.gov 1 #12;2 Michael

  15. ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 9700 South Cass Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCune, William

    ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 ANL/MCS­TM­243 (v4) Single Division Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, Illinois, 60439, U.S.A. http://www.mcs.anl.gov/�mccune June

  16. Residential Properties 5100 South Dorchester Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Chuan

    Residential Properties 5100 South Dorchester Avenue Chicago, Illinois 60615 T 773.753-2200 F 733 for specific answers to: residential@uchicago.edu. Thank you, in advance, for your patience during this process

  17. Belle Fourche River Compact (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Belle Fourche River Compact, agreed to by South Dakota and Wyoming, seeks to provide for the most efficient use of the waters of the Belle Fourche River Basin for multiple purposes, and to...

  18. Biostratigraphy of Cenozoic Ostracoda from South Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pooser, W. K.

    1965-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS ARTHROPODA ARTICLE 8 Pages 1-80, Plates 1-22, Figures 1-7 BIOSTRATIGRAPHY OF CENOZOIC OSTRACODA FROM SOUTH CAROLINA By WILLIAM KENNETH POOSER The University of Kansas Paleontological Institute... THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS JANUARY 15, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS Arthropoda, Article 8, Pages 1-80, Plates 1-22, Figures 1-7 BIOSTRATIGRAPHY OF CENOZOIC OSTRACODA FROM SOUTH CAROLINA By WILLIAM KENNETH POOSER Department of Geology...

  19. DAB, South Side, ODH Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael, J.; Mulholland, G.T.; /Fermilab

    1990-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This report covers the ODH concerns of the south side of the D0 Assembly Building. from the bottom (el. 700-feet) to the top (774-feet 6-inches). volume by volume. Each volume is covered in its own section. with each section broken down into three parts. The first is a description of the volume. including its function. dimensions. and all relative ODH concerns; cryogenic piping and ventilation. Second. the actual ODH analysis of the volume is shown. Third. the provisions for the ODH condition of the volume are detailed. including securing the area and the posting of signs. The liquid argon dewar room is at an elevation of 701-feet 6-inch (38-feet underground), with the dewar surrounded by 7700 cubic feet of air. The area is accessible only through a single door. which has a small window and a lock (lock out only). There is small metal scaffolding in front of the dewar to facilitate maintenance and U-tube pulling and installation. The room is directly on top of the Pipe Chase Well and the Cryo Sump, and the bottom of the Stairway is just outside the door. The dewar is designed to be completely operated by remote computer control and the area will be unmanned during normal operation. Room occupancy will occur only during dewar or central control junction box maintenance, or U-tube changes. The dewar has these additions to it: 20 valves, 10 bayonet connections (or 5 U-tubes), 8 bolted flanges, 100 pipe sections (approx.). 100 brazed joints and welds (approx.). and 10 pipe elbows. In addition, 3 of the U-tubes will be changed twice a year on average.

  20. Environmental impact assessment practices in the sub-Saharan Africa: cases from Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ngunjiri, P.G.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim for this research is to review environmental impact assessment (EIA) practices in sub-Saharan Africa, drawing upon appropriate theoretical and methodological work on EIA. This study uses a comparative evaluation method to examine the extent of environmental impact assessment (EIA) in project analysis. It uses site and services low cost housing projects from Kenya. The research has three major components: (1) review of environmental practice in Sub-Saharan Africa through literature review and case studies; (2) review of general literature on EIA as practiced by international agencies and developed countries; and (3) formulation of more suitable guidelines for EIA procedures in Sub-Saharan Africa.