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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Mechanical Properties of Unreinforced Brick Masonry, Section1  

SciTech Connect

Before the advent of concrete and steel, masonry helped build civilizations. From Egypt in Africa, Rome in Europe, Maya in the America to China in Asia, masonry was exploited to construct the most significant, magnificent and long lasting structures on the Earth. Looking at the Egyptian pyramids, Mayan temples, Roman coliseum and Chinese Great Wall, one cannot stop wondering about the significance and popularity that masonry has had through out history. Lourenco et al (1989) summed up the reasons for the popularity of masonry in the following, 'The most important characteristic of masonry construction is its simplicity. Laying pieces of stone or bricks on top of each other, either with or without cohesion via mortar, is a simple, though adequate, technique that has been successful ever since remote ages. Other important characteristics are the aesthetics, solidity, durability, low maintenance, versatility, sound absorption and fire protection' Despite these advantages, masonry is no longer preferred structural material in many parts of the developed world, especially in seismically active parts of the world. Partly, masonry and especially unreinforced masonry (URM) has mechanical properties such as strength and ductility inferior to those of reinforced concrete and steel. Moreover, masonry structures were traditionally built based on rules of thumb acquired over many years of practice and/or empirical data from testing. Accordingly, we do not have a rigorous and uniform method of analysis and design for masonry. Nevertheless, the world still possesses numerous historic and ordinary masonry structures, which require maintenance and strengthening to combat the assault of time and nature. Hence, it is important to study fundamental properties of masonry so that new masonry structures can be effectively designed and built, and the cost for servicing old structures and for building new ones will be less expensive.

Mosalam, K; Glascoe, L; Bernier, J

2009-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

2

Dynamic Analysis of Reinforced Brick Masonry Infilled RC Frames Using 3D Elements under Seismic Loading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Masonry walls are provided basically for the purpose of partitioning and covering but they impart considerable strength and stiffness to the building frame for resisting loads. The strength and stiffness contribution of infill masonry is generally ignored ... Keywords: Masonry, Infill, Frame, Finite Element Analysis

Ramesh S. Manoli; D. S. Prakash

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Review: Stability of nonlinear masonry members under combined load  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under examination is the post buckling of unreinforced load-bearing masonry walls or piers subject to a combined load consisting of a uniformly distributed axial load and a concentrated eccentric load at the top end. Fixed free-ended prismatic columns ... Keywords: Brick walls, Combined load, Instability, Masonry, No-tension material, Nonlinear constitutive law

Igino Mura

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Modelling of nonlinear behaviour of masonry structures: phenomenological approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with modeling of mechanical behavior of masonry walls submitted to in-plane loading. The adopted strategy consists of modelling separately the appropriate local failure mechanisms of brick units and mortar joints. A particular attention ... Keywords: displacement discontinuities, masonry, multisurface plasticity, numerical modeling

J. B. Colliat; L. Davenne; A. Ibrahimbegovi?

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

TTUS FP&C Design & Building Standards Division 4 Masonry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TTUS FP&C Design & Building Standards Division 4 ­ Masonry Division 4 ­ Masonry General architectural style of the campus. To that end, Texas Tech desires to maximize the brick on the buildings. For cavity wall insulation specify extrudedpolystyrene board insulation or approved equal: ASTM C 578, Type

Gelfond, Michael

6

Repair and Strengthening by Use of Superficial Fixed Laminates of Cracked Masonry Walls Sheared Horizontally-Laboratory Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are many methods of crack repairing in masonry structures. One of them is repair and strengthening by using of superficial fixed laminates, especially in case of masonry walls with plastering on their both sides. The initial laboratory tests of three different types of strengthening of diagonal cracked masonry wallettes are presented. Tests concerned three clay brick masonry walls subjected to horizontal shearing with two levels of precompression and strengthened by flexible polymer injection, superficial glass fixed by polymer fibre laminate plates and using of CRFP strips stiff fixed to the wall surface by polymer and stiff resin epoxy fixing are presented and discussed.

Kubica, Jan [Department of Structural Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 5, PL-44-100 Gliwice (Poland); Kwiecien, Arkadiusz; Zajac, Boguslaw [Department of Civil Engineering, Cracow University of Technology, Warszawska 24, PL-31-155 Krakow (Poland)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

7

Measure Guideline: Installing Rigid Foam Insulation on the Interior of Existing Brick Walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This measure guideline provides information on an effective method to insulate the interior of existing brick masonry walls with extruded polystyrene (XPS) insulation board. The guide outlines step-by-step design and installation procedures while explaining the benefits and tradeoffs where applicable. The authors intend that this document be useful to a varied audience that includes builders, remodelers, contractors and homeowners.

Natarajan, H.; Klocke, S.; Puttagunta, S.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

International Masonry Institute | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Masonry Institute Masonry Institute Jump to: navigation, search Name International Masonry Institute Place Annapolis, MD Website http://www.internationalmasonr References International Masonry Institute[1] Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Test & Evaluation Partner Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! International Masonry Institute is a company located in Annapolis, MD. References ↑ "International Masonry Institute" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=International_Masonry_Institute&oldid=379413" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations

9

Collapse of masonry structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

causing failure of the buttress Hifi = horizontal force causing failure of a buttress leaning by an angle rjJ Hsifi = horizontal force to overturn a solid buttress leaning by an angle rjJ Hificr = horizontal force to initiate the fracture in a leaning... angle of embrace of a circular arch all/OX = maximum possible half angle of embrace for a given thickness ratio before a circular arch will collapse at the minimum thickness limit fJ = angle of intrados hinges in a circular masonry arch measured from...

Ochsendorf, John Allen

2002-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

10

Retrofit of a Multifamily Mass Masonry Building in New England  

SciTech Connect

Merrimack Valley Habitat for Humanity (MVHfH) has partnered with Building Science Corporation to provide high performance affordable housing for 10 families in the retrofit of an existing brick building (a former convent) into condominiums. The research performed for this project provides information regarding advanced retrofit packages for multi-family masonry buildings in Cold climates. In particular, this project demonstrates safe, durable, and cost-effective solutions that will potentially benefit millions of multi-family brick buildings throughout the East Coast and Midwest (Cold climates). The retrofit packages provide insight on the opportunities for and constraints on retrofitting multifamily buildings with ambitious energy performance goals but a limited budget. The condominium conversion project will contribute to several areas of research on enclosures, space conditioning, and water heating. Enclosure items include insulation of mass masonry building on the interior, airtightness of these types of retrofits, multi-unit building compartmentalization, window selection, and roof insulation strategies. Mechanical system items include combined hydronic and space heating systems with hydronic distribution in small (low load) units, and ventilation system retrofits for multifamily buildings.

Ueno, K.; Kerrigan, P.; Wytrykowska, H.; Van Straaten, R.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Use of wastes derived from earthquakes for the production of concrete masonry partition wall blocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: > Solved the scientific and technological challenges impeding use of waste rubble derived from earthquake, by providing an alternative solution of recycling the waste in moulded concrete block products. > Significant requirements for optimum integration on the utilization of the waste aggregates in the production of concrete blocks are investigated. > A thorough understanding of the mechanical properties of concrete blocks made with waste derived from earthquake is reported. - Abstract: Utilization of construction and demolition (C and D) wastes as recycled aggregates in the production of concrete and concrete products have attracted much attention in recent years. However, the presence of large quantities of crushed clay brick in some the C and D waste streams (e.g. waste derived collapsed masonry buildings after an earthquake) renders the recycled aggregates unsuitable for high grade use. One possibility is to make use of the low grade recycled aggregates for concrete block production. In this paper, we report the results of a comprehensive study to assess the feasibility of using crushed clay brick as coarse and fine aggregates in concrete masonry block production. The effects of the content of crushed coarse and fine clay brick aggregates (CBA) on the mechanical properties of non-structural concrete block were quantified. From the experimental test results, it was observed that incorporating the crushed clay brick aggregates had a significant influence on the properties of blocks. The hardened density and drying shrinkage of the block specimens decreased with an increase in CBA content. The use of CBA increased the water absorption of block specimens. The results suggested that the amount of crushed clay brick to be used in concrete masonry blocks should be controlled at less than 25% (coarse aggregate) and within 50-75% for fine aggregates.

Xiao Zhao [Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Environment Engineering and Mechanics, Sichuan University (China); Ling, Tung-Chai; Kou, Shi-Cong [Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Wang Qingyuan [Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Environment Engineering and Mechanics, Sichuan University (China); Poon, Chi-Sun, E-mail: cecspoon@polyu.edu.hk [Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon (Hong Kong)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

12

Equilibrium systems : studies in masonry structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents new interactive computational analysis tools for masonry structures based on limit state analysis. Thrust lines are used to clearly visualize the forces within the masonry and to predict possible ...

Block, Philippe (Philippe Camille Vincent)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Seismic assessment strategies for masonry structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Masonry structures are vulnerable to earthquakes, but their seismic assessment remains a challenge. This dissertation develops and improves several strategies to better understand the behavior of masonry structures under ...

DeJong, Matthew J. (Matthew Justin)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Fire performance of single leaf masonry walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A finite element model called MasSET has been developed which is capable of predicting the structural behaviour of single leaf masonry walls subject to elevated temperatures. The analysis models a slice through the wall as a column strip in plane stress, ... Keywords: boundary conditions, eccentricity, finite element model, masonry in fire, slenderness ratio

A. Nadjai; M. O'Gara; F. Ali

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Explicit finite element analysis of lightly reinforced masonry shear walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Explicit finite element analysis (FEA) of masonry shear walls containing reinforcement at spacing between 800mm and 2000mm, referred to as wide spaced reinforced masonry (WSRM), are modelled using macroscopic material characteristics for the unreinforced ... Keywords: Characteristic length, Ductility, Explicit finite element method, Failure mode, Masonry shear walls: Reinforced masonry, Quasi-static modelling

M. Dhanasekar; W. Haider

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Experimental and analytical investigation of the seismic performance of low-rise masonry veneer buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Masonry Veneer, Proceedings, ASCE/SEI Structures Congress,Masonry Veneer, Proceedings, ASCE/SEI Structures Congress,Masonry Veneer, Proceedings, ASCE/SEI Structures Congress,

Okail, Hussein

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Experimental Estimation Of Energy Damping During Free Rocking Of Unreinforced Masonry Walls. First Results  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an ongoing experimental program on unreinforced masonry walls undergoing free rocking. Aim of the laboratory campaign is the estimation of kinetic energy damping exhibited by walls released with non-zero initial conditions of motion. Such energy damping is necessary for dynamic modelling of unreinforced masonry local mechanisms. After a brief review of the literature on this topic, the main features of the laboratory tests are presented. The program involves the experimental investigation of several parameters: 1) unit material (brick or tuff), 2) wall aspect ratio (ranging between 14.5 and 7.1), 3) restraint condition (two-sided or one-sided rocking), and 4) depth of the contact surface between facade and transverse walls (one-sided rocking only). All walls are single wythe and the mortar is pozzuolanic. The campaign is still in progress. However, it is possible to present the results on most of the mechanical properties of mortar and bricks. Moreover, a few time histories are reported, already indicating the need to correct some of the assumptions frequent in the literature.

Sorrentino, Luigi; Masiani, Renato; Benedetti, Stefano [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Strutturale e Geotecnica, Sapienza Universita di Roma, via Antonio Gramsci, 53-00197 Roma (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

18

IBM intelligent Bricks project: petabytes and beyond  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of the Intelligent Bricks project in progress at IBM Research. It describes common problems faced by data center operators and proposes a comprehensive solution based on brick architectures. Bricks are hardware building ...

W. W. Wilcke; R. B. Garner; C. Fleiner; R. F. Freitas; R. A. Golding; J. S. Glider; D. R. Kenchammana-Hosekote; J. L. Hafner; K. M. Mohiuddin; K. K. Rao; R. A. Becker-Szendy; T. M. Wong; O. A. Zaki; M. Hernandez; K. R. Fernandez; H. Huels; H. Lenk; K. Smolin; M. Ries; C. Goettert; T. Picunko; B. J. Rubin; H. Kahn; T. Loo

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Method of forming ceramic bricks  

SciTech Connect

A method for forming free standing ceramic bricks for use as tritium breeder material is disclosed. Aqueous solutions of sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate are mixed with an organic hydrocolloid dispersion and powdered lithium carbonate, spray dried, and ceramic bricks formed by molding in a die and firing.

Poeppel, Roger B. (Glen Ellyn, IL); Claar, Terry D. (Newark, DE); Silkowski, Peter (Urbana, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Method of forming ceramic bricks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for forming free standing ceramic bricks for use as tritium breeder material is disclosed. Aqueous solutions of sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate are mixed with an organic hydrocolloid dispersion and powdered lithium carbonate, spray dried, and ceramic bricks formed by molding in a die and firing.

Poeppel, R.B.; Claar, T.D.; Silkowski, P.

1987-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Seismic Vulnerability and Performance Level of confined brick walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been an increase on the interest of Engineers and designers to use designing methods based on displacement and behavior (designing based on performance) Regarding to the importance of resisting structure design against dynamic loads such as earthquake, and inability to design according to prediction of nonlinear behavior element caused by nonlinear properties of constructional material.Economically speaking, easy carrying out and accessibility of masonry material have caused an enormous increase in masonry structures in villages, towns and cities. On the other hand, there is a necessity to study behavior and Seismic Vulnerability in these kinds of structures since Iran is located on the earthquake belt of Alpide.Different reasons such as environmental, economic, social, cultural and accessible constructional material have caused different kinds of constructional structures.In this study, some tied walls have been modeled with software and with relevant accelerator suitable with geology conditions under dynamic analysis to research on the Seismic Vulnerability and performance level of confined brick walls. Results from this analysis seem to be satisfactory after comparison of them with the values in Code ATC40, FEMA and standard 2800 of Iran.

Ghalehnovi, M.; Rahdar, H. A. [University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

22

Collapse analysis of unreinforced masonry domes and curving walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The safety and assessment of historic masonry structures continues to be a challenge for most analysts, especially for more complex buildings. Historic masonry structures have great cultural and economic value, but engineers ...

Zessin, Jennifer Furstenau

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

ENERGY BUDGETS AND MASONRY HOUSES: A PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF THE COMPARATIVE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF MASONRY AND WOOD-FRAME HOUSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF MASONRY AND WOOD-FRAME HOUSES David B.PERFORMANCE OF MASONRY AND WOOD-FRAME HOUSES David B. Goldsfor those studies used wood- frame construction, The energy

Goldstein, David B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Hydraulic properties of asphalt concrete.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research has applied standard unsaturated flow models and laboratory methods common to soil analysis, to characterize the hydraulic properties of asphalt concrete. Wetting and (more)

Pease, Ronald Eric

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Evaluation of Two CEDA Weatherization Pilot Implementations of an Exterior Insulation and Over-Clad Retrofit Strategy for Residential Masonry Buildings in Chicago  

SciTech Connect

This project examines the implementation of an exterior insulation and over-clad strategy for brick masonry buildings in Chicago. The strategy was implemented at a free-standing two story two-family dwelling and a larger free-standing multifamily building. The test homes selected for this research represent predominant housing types for the Chicago area. High heating energy use typical in these buildings threaten housing affordability. Uninsulated mass masonry wall assemblies also have a strongly detrimental impact on comfort. Significant changes to the performance of masonry wall assemblies is generally beyond the reach of typical weatherization (Wx) program resources. The Community and Economic Development Association of Cook County, Inc. (CEDA) has secured a Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) innovation grant sponsored by the United States Department of Energy (DOE). This grant provides CEDA the opportunity to pursue a pilot implementation of innovative approaches to retrofit in masonry wall enclosures. The exterior insulation and over-clad strategy implemented through this project was designed to allow implementation by contractors active in CEDA weatherization programs and using materials and methods familiar to these contractors. The retrofit measures are evaluated in terms of feasibility, cost and performance. Through observations of the strategies implemented, the research described in this report identifies measures critical to performance as well as conditions for wider adoption. The research also identifies common factors that must be considered in determining whether the exterior insulation and over-clad strategy is appropriate for the building.

Neuhauser, K.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assembliesessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce such...

27

Measure Guideline: Internal Insulation of Masonry Walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This measure guideline provides recommendations for interior insulation assemblies that control interstitial condensation and durability risks; recommendations for acceptable thermal performance are also provided. An illustrated guide of high-risk exterior details (which concentrate bulk water), and recommended remediation details is provided. This is followed by a recommended methodology for risk assessment of a masonry interior insulation project: a series of steps are suggested to assess the risks associated with this retrofit, with greater certainty with added steps.

Straube, J. F.; Ueno, K.; Schumacher, C. J.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Homogenised limit analysis of masonry walls, Part I: Failure surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple micro-mechanical model for the homogenised limit analysis of in-plane loaded masonry is proposed. Assuming brickwork under plane stress condition and adopting a polynomial expansion for the 2D stress field, a linear optimisation problem is derived ... Keywords: Composite behaviour, Homogenisation, Limit analysis, Masonry, Micro-mechanics

G. Milani; P. B. Loureno; A. Tralli

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Finite Element formulation for nonlinear analysis of masonry walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work builds upon previous developments made by the authors in the context of the nonlinear, in-plane analysis of masonry walls. The structural behavior is characterized by phenomena, such as strain localization, damage, and friction, which need to ... Keywords: In-plane nonlinear masonry mechanics, Mohr-Coulomb frictional behavior, Non-associated plasticity

S. Brasile; R. Casciaro; G. Formica

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Extended study on limit analysis of masonry wall with openings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present study deals with limit analysis of masonry walls with rectangular openings subject to vertical and horizontal loading by means of the genetic algorithm (GA). Herein, an equivalent shear truss model whose structural parameters should be defined ... Keywords: genetic algorithm, limit analysis, masonry structure

A. Miyamura; A. DeStefano; Y. Kohama; T. Takada

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

PCR - Ligation Assembly Standard for BioBrick Parts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Request for Comments (RFC) describes a novel method for the assembly of standard BioBrick parts. This assembly method for BioBrick parts is an improvement upon the conventional methods of BioBrick part assembly. This ...

He, Tony PeiYuan

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Numerical Investigations On The Seismic Behaviour Of Confined Masonry Walls  

SciTech Connect

In the last century, severe earthquakes highlighted the seismic vulnerability of unreinforced masonry buildings. Many technological innovations have been introduced in time in order to improve resistance, ductility, and dissipation properties of this type of constructions. The most widely diffused are reinforced masonry and confined masonry. Damage observation of recent earthquakes demonstrated the effectiveness of the response of confined masonry structures to seismic actions. In general, in this type of structures, reinforced concrete beams and columns are not main structural elements, however, they have the following functions: to confine masonry in order to increase its ductility; to bear tensile stresses derived from bending; to contrast the out-of-plane overturning of masonry panels. It is well evident that these functions are as much effectively performed as the connection between masonry and reinforced concrete elements is good (for example by mean of local interlocking or reinforcements). Confined masonry structures have been extensively studied in the last decades both from a theoretical point of view and by experimental tests Aims of this paper is to give a contribution to the understanding of the seismic behaviour of confined masonry walls by means of numerical parametrical analyses. There latter are performed by mean of the finite element method; a nonlinear anisotropic constitutive law recently developed for masonry is adopted. Comparison with available experimental results are carried out in order to validate the results. A comparison between the resistance obtained from the numerical analyses and the prevision provided by simplified resistance criteria proposed in literature and in codes is finally provided.

Calderini, Chiara; Cattari, Serena; Lagomarsino, Sergio [University of Genoa, Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

33

RavenBrick LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RavenBrick LLC RavenBrick LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: RavenBrick LLC Name RavenBrick LLC Address 2201A Lawrence Street Place Denver, Colorado Zip 80205 Sector Buildings Product Efficient window and daylighting systems Website http://www.ravenbrick.com/ Coordinates 39.754373°, -104.9890567° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.754373,"lon":-104.9890567,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

34

Reuse of Fired Red Ceramic Brick Waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick Study on the In-Situ Remediation of

35

Empirical analysis of masonry walls : structural design and seismic reinforcement through tilting experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Masonry is a fundamental building material that is used for a significant proportion of structures across the world, many of which lie in potentially hazardous environments. While masonry naturally has poor performance ...

Jimenez, Daniel D. (Daniel David)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Asphalt Oxidation Kinetics and Pavement Oxidation Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most paved roads in the United States are surfaced with asphalt. These asphalt pavements suffer from fatigue cracking and thermal cracking, aggravated by the oxidation and hardening of asphalt. This negative impact of asphalt oxidation on pavement performance has not been considered adequately in pavement design. Part of the reason is that the process of asphalt oxidation in pavement is not well understood. This work focused on understanding the asphalt oxidation kinetics and on developing pavement oxidation model that predicts asphalt oxidation and hardening in pavement under environmental conditions. A number of asphalts were studied in laboratory condition. Based on kinetics data, a fast-rate ? constant-rate asphalt oxidation kinetics model was developed to describe the early nonlinear fast-rate aging period and the later constant-rate period of asphalt oxidation. Furthermore, reaction kinetics parameters for the fast-rate and constant-rate reactions were empirically correlated, leading to a simplified model. And the experimental effort and time to obtain these kinetics parameters were significantly reduced. Furthermore, to investigate the mechanism of asphalt oxidation, two antioxidants were studied on their effectiveness. Asphalt oxidation was not significantly affected. It was found that evaluation of antioxidant effectiveness based on viscosity only is not reliable. The asphalt oxidation kinetics model was incorporated into the pavement oxidation model that predicts asphalt oxidation in pavement. The pavement oxidation model mimics the oxidation process of asphalt in real mixture at pavement temperatures. A new parameter, diffusion depth, defined the oxygen diffusion region in the mastic. A field calibration factor accounted for the factors not considered in the model such as the effect of small aggregate particles on oxygen diffusion. Carbonyl area and viscosity of binders recovered from field cores of three pavements in Texas were measured and were used for model calibration and validation. Results demonstrated that the proposed model estimates carbonyl growth over time in pavement, layer-by-layer, quite well. Finally, this work can be useful for incorporating asphalt oxidation into a pavement design method that can predict pavement performance with time and for making strategic decisions such as optimal time for maintenance treatments.

Jin, Xin

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Concrete & Asphalt Recycling into Reusable Products  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SNLNM Pollution Prevention Concrete & Asphalt Recycling into Reusable Products (SNLNM Pollution Prevention Program) March 18, 2010 Doug Vetter, PE, LEED-AP Sandia is a...

38

Upper bound limit analysis model for FRP-reinforced masonry curved structures. Part II: Structural analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A homogenized full 3D limit analysis model for the evaluation of collapse loads of FRP-reinforced masonry vaults is presented. Six-noded rigid infinitely resistant wedges are used to model masonry. Three-noded rigid infinitely resistant triangles are ... Keywords: FRP-reinforcement, Homogenization, Kinematic approach, Limit analysis, Masonry, Vaults

Gabriele Milani; Enrico Milani; Antonio Tralli

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Calibration of a FE model of masonry shear panels strengthened by metal sheathing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to calibrate advanced FE Model experimental tests on masonry wall panel specimens in shear as well as on some panels strengthened by ductile steel are used. Application of finite element material models to simulate the behavior of masonry is ... Keywords: FE model, innovative retrofitting techniques, masonry shear panels, material models

A. Dogariu; F. Campitiello

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Calibration under uncertainty for finite element models of masonry monuments  

SciTech Connect

Historical unreinforced masonry buildings often include features such as load bearing unreinforced masonry vaults and their supporting framework of piers, fill, buttresses, and walls. The masonry vaults of such buildings are among the most vulnerable structural components and certainly among the most challenging to analyze. The versatility of finite element (FE) analyses in incorporating various constitutive laws, as well as practically all geometric configurations, has resulted in the widespread use of the FE method for the analysis of complex unreinforced masonry structures over the last three decades. However, an FE model is only as accurate as its input parameters, and there are two fundamental challenges while defining FE model input parameters: (1) material properties and (2) support conditions. The difficulties in defining these two aspects of the FE model arise from the lack of knowledge in the common engineering understanding of masonry behavior. As a result, engineers are unable to define these FE model input parameters with certainty, and, inevitably, uncertainties are introduced to the FE model.

Atamturktur, Sezer,; Hemez, Francois,; Unal, Cetin

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Modeling environmental impact of unfired bricks in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brick manufacturing requires a considerable amount of energy and land, but these numbers have been difficult to quantify in rural parts of the developing world. The environmental impact of unfired bricks in India is ...

Zachau Walker, Miriam E. (Miriam Elizabeth)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Experimental Investigation on ECC Layer Strengthening Brick Wall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Masonry structures are widely used, but it exists some inherent defects, such as low tensile, anti-shear and flexural strength, and poor seismic performance. The engineered cementitious composites (ECC) is a new concrete material with characteristics ... Keywords: masonry structure, engineered cementitious composites, quasi-static test, strengthening

Deng Mingke; Gao Xiaojun; Liang Xingwen

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Variability of hot mix asphalt produced with reclaimed asphalt pavement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pavement recycling operations have been used in the United States from the early 1900s to date. These recycling operations have been used for a variety of reasons including solid waste disposal problems, reduction of initial cost, and conservation of natural resources (aggregate, binder and energy). Adequate techniques to assess the variability of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) are lacking. The objectives of this research are to determine the variabilities of RAP and Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA), determine the influence of the RAP variability on the HMA variability, and compare the variability of virgin aggregates at the quarries and the aggregates that have been handled and transported to asphalt plant stockpiles. This thesis describes the compositional data analysis including the ternary diagrams for mixes and aggregates, a multivariate beta model, variability analysis using a multivariate variance assumption, and ternary quality control charts. It also describes the hypothesis tests using a k-variate student t distribution and an F-test. The following conclusions are obtained: i) RAP is better used in producing a mix with a relatively small top size 3/8" (Type S-III mix) or 1/2'' (Type S-I mix), and not with a sieve size larger than 1" (Type S-II mix); ii) RAP percent does not significantly influence the mix variability; it is desirable to use a large percentage of RAP in the Type S-I mix, i.e., more than 40% RAP; iii) On the average, the aggregate variability increases after transportation and stockpiling process; iv) On the average, the aggregate in the quarry has less variability than the same aggregate in the asphalt plant stockpile, therefore, aggregates in quarries are better controlled than aggregates in stockpiles; v) Variabilities of aggregates in quarries are slightly larger than the variability of RAP which is slightly larger than variabilities of Type S-II and S-III mixes. Type S-II and S-III mixes have the same variability and are slightly larger than the variability of the Type S-I mix; vi) The ternary diagram and the hypothesis test can be used to judge whether a contractor did a good job; vii) Ternary quality control chart shows the dynamic trend of a mix or an aggregate during the production period.

Yang, Guiqin

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Thermal performance of concrete masonry unit wall systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New materials, modern building wall technologies now available in the building marketplace, and unique, more accurate, methods of thermal analysis of wall systems create an opportunity to design and erect buildings where thermal envelopes that use masonry wall systems can be more efficient. Thermal performance of the six masonry wall systems is analyzed. Most existing masonry systems are modifications of technologies presented in this paper. Finite difference two-dimensional and three-dimensional computer modeling and unique methods of the clear wall and overall thermal analysis were used. In the design of thermally efficient masonry wall systems is t to know how effectively the insulation material is used and how the insulation shape and its location affect the wall thermal performance. Due to the incorrect shape of the insulation or structural components, hidden thermal shorts cause additional heat losses. In this study, the thermal analysis of the clear wall was enriched with the examination of the thermal properties of the wall details and the study of a quantity defined herein the Thermal Efficiency of the insulation material.

Kosny, J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

45

Characterization of asphalt additive produced from hydroretorted Alabama shale  

SciTech Connect

Shale oil, produced from beneficiated Alabama shale by pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting, was fractionated to produce shale oil asphalt additives (SOA). Three shale oil fractions boiling above 305{degrees}C were added to standard AC-20 asphalt to improve pavement properties. The physical properties and aging characteristics of AC-20 asphalt binder (cement) containing SOA are similar to those of unmodified AC-20 asphalt binder. Asphalt pavement briquettes made with AC-20 asphalt binder containing 5 to 10 percent SOA have superior resistance to freeze-thaw cracking and a greater retention of tensile strength when wet compared to pavement briquettes containing AC-20 binder alone.

Rue, D.M.; Roberts, M.J.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

46

Shaking Table Tests Validating Two Strengthening Interventions on Masonry Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Masonry buildings constitute quite often a precious cultural heritage for our cities. In order to future generations can enjoy this heritage, thence, effective projects of protection should be developed against all the anthropical and natural actions which may irreparably damage old masonry buildings. However, the strengthening interventions on these constructions have to respect their authenticity, without altering the original conception, not only functionally and aesthetically of course, but also statically. These issues are of central interests in the Messina area, where the seismic protection of new and existing constructions is a primary demand. It is well known, in fact, that the city of Messina lies in a highly seismic zone, and has been subjected to two destructive earthquakes in slightly more than one century, the 1783 Calabria earthquake and the more famous 1908 Messina-Reggio Calabria earthquake. It follows that the retrofitting projects on buildings which survived these two events should be designed with the aim to save the life of occupants operating with 'light' techniques, i.e. respecting the original structural scheme. On the other hand, recent earthquakes, and in particular the 1997 Umbria-Marche sequence, unequivocally demonstrated that some of the most popular retrofitting interventions adopted in the second half the last century are absolutely ineffective, or even unsafe. Over these years, in fact, a number of 'heavy' techniques proliferated, and therefore old masonry buildings suffered, among others, the substitution of existing timber slabs with more ponderous concrete slabs and/or the insertion of RC and steel members coupled with the original masonry elements (walls, arches, vaults). As a result, these buildings have been transformed by unwise engineers into hybrid structures, having a mixed behaviour (which frequently proved to be also unpredictable) between those of historic masonry and new members. Starting from these considerations, a numerical and experimental research has been carried out, aimed at validating two different strengthening interventions on masonry buildings: (i) the substitution of the existing roof with timber-concrete composite slabs, which are able to improve the dynamic behaviour of the structure without excessively increase the mass, and (ii) the reinforcement of masonry walls with FRP materials, which allow increasing both stiffness and strength of the construction. The experimental tests have been performed on a 1:2 scale model of a masonry building resembling a special type, the so-called 'tipo misto messinese', which is proper to the reconstruction of the city of Messina after the 1783 Calabria earthquake. The model, incorporating a novel timber-concrete composite slab, has been tested on the main shaking table available at the ENEA Research Centre 'Casaccia', both before and after the reinforcement with FRP materials. Some aspects related to the definition of the model and to the selection of an appropriate seismic input will be discussed, and numerical results confirming the effectiveness of the interventions mentioned above will be presented.

De Canio, Gerardo; Poggi, Massimo; Clemente, Paolo [Research Centre 'Casaccia', ENEA, Roma (Italy); Muscolino, Giuseppe [Department of Civil Engineering, University of Messina (Italy); Palmeri, Alessandro [School of Engineering, Design and Technology, University of Bradford (United Kingdom)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

47

Annual Idaho Asphalt Conference October 27 28, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

50th Annual Idaho Asphalt Conference October 27 ­ 28, 2010 Moscow, ID Taj Anderson Poe Asphalt@cityofnampa.us Fouad Bayomy University of Idaho Moscow, ID Shane Beck Asphalt Zipper Inc. 831 East 340 South Suite 100 American Fork, UT 84003 Phone: 8018473200 laurat@asphaltzipper.com Lee Bernardi Idaho

Kyte, Michael

48

What's the future for rubberized asphalt  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the debate over the use of rubberized asphalt for highway surfacing. The Department of Transportation claims that the process is too costly; that it presents potential air pollution, safety and health problems. They also claim that there is a lack of understanding between rubber and asphalt cement and of the recyclability of the product. The Legislative Commission on Solid Waste Management claims that the mixture performs as well or better than conventional asphalt at reduced thicknesses. In addition, there could be savings of local funds currently expended for regulation of tire dumps, fire-fighting and clean-up, vector control and scrap tire disposal costs ranging from $.50 to $2.00 per tire.

Not Available

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Experimental Estimation Of Energy Damping During Free Rocking Of Unreinforced Masonry Walls. First Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an ongoing experimental program on unreinforced masonry walls undergoing free rocking. Aim of the laboratory campaign is the estimation of kinetic energy damping exhibited by walls released with non?zero initial conditions of motion. Such energy damping is necessary for dynamic modelling of unreinforced masonry local mechanisms. After a brief review of the literature on this topic

Luigi Sorrentino; Renato Masiani; Stefano Benedetti

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

A finite element model for hygro-thermo-mechanical analysis of masonry walls with FRP reinforcement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modeling the effects of humidity and temperature gradients on the structural behavior of masonry walls reinforced with fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composite is of great importance. Study of interfacial stresses, in particular, is a key factor in predicting ... Keywords: FRP reinforced masonry, Moisture and temperature, Multi-layered permeable structure, Structural analysis

Mehran Khoshbakht; Mark W. Lin

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Non Linear Analyses for the Evaluation of Seismic Behavior of Mixed R.C.-Masonry Structures  

SciTech Connect

In this work the seismic behavior of masonry buildings with mixed structural system, consisting of perimeter masonry walls and internal r.c. frames, is studied by means of non linear static (pushover) analyses. Several aspects, like the distribution of seismic action between masonry and r.c. elements, the local and global behavior of the structure, the crisis of the connections and the attainment of the ultimate strength of the whole structure are examined. The influence of some parameters, such as the masonry compressive and tensile strength, on the structural behavior is investigated. The numerical analyses are also repeated on a building in which the r.c. internal frames are replaced with masonry walls.

Liberatore, Laura; Tocci, Cesare; Masiani, Renato [Department of Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, University of Rome 'La Sapienza' Via A. Gramsci, 53 - 00197 Rome (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

52

Seismic Behaviour of Masonry Vault-Slab Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spandrel walls typically play a structural role in masonry buildings, transferring load from a slab to the supporting vault. Some indications are given in the literature on the behaviour of spandrels under the effect of vertical loads, but little attention is given to the effect coming from lateral forces acting on the building. An opportunity to investigate this problem has come from the need of analyzing a monumental building which was damaged by the Nov. 24, 2004 Val Sabbia earthquake in the north of Italy. The finite element model set up for the analysis of the vault-spandrel-slab system is presented and the structural role resulting for the spandrels is discussed.

Chesi, Claudio [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Strutturale, Politecnico di Milano Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci, 32 - 20133 Milano (Italy); Butti, Ferdinando [Universita degli Studi di Brescia-Brescia (Italy); Ferrari, Marco

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

53

Idaho Asphalt Conference Attendance List Andy Abrams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

51st Idaho Asphalt Conference ­ Attendance List Andy Abrams STRATA, Inc. 1428 S. Main St. Moscow, Idaho 83843 208-882-1006 ajabrams@stratageotech.com John Arambarri Idaho Transportation Department - District 3 999 West Main St Boise, Idaho 83702 Paul Archibald Idaho Transportation Department PO Box 4700

Kyte, Michael

54

Hanford Permanent Isolation Barrier Program: Asphalt technology development  

SciTech Connect

An important component of the Hanford Permanent Isolation Barrier is the use of a two-layer composite asphalt system, which provides backup water diversion capabilities if the primary capillary barrier fails to meet infiltration goals. Because of asphalt`s potential to perform to specification over the 1000-year design life criterion, a composite asphalt barrier (HMAC/fluid-applied polymer-modified asphalt) is being considered as an alternative to the bentonite clay/high density poly(ethylene) barriers for the low-permeability component of the Hanford Permanent Isolation Barrier. The feasibility of using asphalt as a long-term barrier is currently being studied. Information that must be known is the ability of asphalt to retain desirable physical properties over a period of 1000 years. This paper presents the approach for performing accelerated aging tests and evaluating the performance of samples under accelerated conditions. The results of these tests will be compared with asphalt artifact analogs and the results of modeling the degradation of the selected asphalt composite to make life-cycle predictions.

Freeman, H.D.; Romine, R.A.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

An investigation of the use of tire rubber in asphalt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of asphalt-rubber has been mandated without the needed experience, design procedures, and construction guidelines. The purpose of this study is to determine optimal blend parameters that will enable maximum performance of the asphalt-rubber binder. The selected variables chosen are curing time, curing temperature, rubber content (weight percent), rubber particle size, base asphalt type, and carbonyl area. Results confirmed that the addition of rubber increased the viscosity of the asphalt binder at high temperatures, lowered the creep stiffness of the binder at low temperatures, and improved the overall temperature susceptibility. Increasing the rubber content in the asphalt was shown to further improve pavement performance. In addition, the use of smaller particles of rubber was found to decrease the creep stiffness at low temperatures (60QC). It was also determined that the type of asphalt and the type of rubber play important roles of meeting the criteria of an improved asphaltrubber binder. For example, the Murphy asphalt reblended with Sun recycling agent (AC-5) showed the least improvement to the addition of rubber compared with the Fina AC-10, Exxon AC-10, and Exxon AC-5. With respect to rubber type, the Rouse rubber was determined to improve Theological properties of the asphalt-rubber binder more than the Tire-Gator rubber. The curing process was also shown to increase the breakdown of the rubber into the asphalt. This phenomenon can be attributed to the devulcanization of the rubber in the mixer apparatus where extreme shear rates and temperatures were used.

Koo, Heamo Lee

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Structural performance of early 20th century masonry high rise buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early generation high rise buildings built between 1890 and World War 11 represent a technical transition between traditional load bearing masonry construction and modern curtain wall systems, and are typically referred ...

Buntrock, Rebecca (Rebecca Miriam)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Study for Technology of Asphalt Pavement Aggregate Washed by Cycle Limewater  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technology of asphalt pavement aggregate washed by cycle limewater was put forward for the first time in this paper. Before and after the aggregate was washed by cycle limewater, aggregate mud content, aggregate asphalt adhesion and asphalt mixture water ... Keywords: energy conservation, emissions reduction, cycle limewater, wash, asphalt pavement aggregate

Jiang Tao; Sun Bin

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Recycled rubber, aggregate, and filler in asphalt paving mixtures. Transportation research record  

SciTech Connect

;Contents(Partial): Evaluation Systems for Crumb Rubber Modified Binders and Mixtures; Hot Mix Asphalt Rubber Applications in Virginia; Evaluation of Pyrolized Carbon Black from Scrap Tires as Additive in Hot Mix Asphalt; Use of Scrap Tire Chips in Asphaltic Membrane; Effects of Mineral Fillers on Properties of Stone Matrix Asphalt Mixtures; and Quantitative Analysis of Aggregate Based on Hough Transform.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

59

External Insulation of Masonry Walls and Wood Framed Walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of exterior insulation on a building is an accepted and effective means to increase the overall thermal resistance of the assembly that also has other advantages of improved water management and often increased air tightness of building assemblies. For thin layers of insulation (1" to 1 1/2"), the cladding can typically be attached directly through the insulation back to the structure. For thicker insulation layers, furring strips have been added as a cladding attachment location. This approach has been used in the past on numerous Building America test homes and communities (both new and retrofit applications), and has been proven to be an effective and durable means to provide cladding attachment. However, the lack of engineering data has been a problem for many designers, contractors, and code officials. This research project developed baseline engineering analysis to support the installation of thick layers of exterior insulation on existing masonry and frame walls. Furthermore, water management details necessary to integrate windows, doors, decks, balconies and roofs were created to provide guidance on the integration of exterior insulation strategies with other enclosure elements.

Baker, P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

HP-GPC characterization of asphalt and modified asphalts from gulf countries and their relation to performance based properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asphalt producing refineries in the Gulf countries include Ras Tanura and Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), Al-Ahmadi (Kuwait), and BAPCO (Bahrain). Riyadh and Ras Tanura refineries are located in the central and eastern Saudi Arabia respectively. Arabian light crude oil is used to produce 2000 to 3000 tons of asphalt per day using vacuum distillation, air blowing and grade blending techniques to produce 60/70 penetration grade asphalts in each of these two Saudi refineries. All of the asphalt cement used in Saudi Arabia, Qatar and parts of the United Arab Emirates is supplied by Riyadh and Ras Tanura refineries. Al-Ahmadi refinery supplies all of the asphalt cement needed for construction in the state of Kuwait. Ratwi-Burgan crude off mix is used to produce 750 to 1000 tons of asphalt per day using vacuum distillation and air blowing processes. This study was initiated to evaluate different locally available polymers in order to identify potential polymers to modify asphalts to satisfy the performance requirements in the Gulf countries environmental conditions.

Wahhab, H.I.A.; Ali, M.F.; Asi, I.M.; Dubabe, I.A. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Advanced GPU-based ray casting for bricked datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the 90s, the Direct Volume Rendering shows itself as an efficient tool for the visual analysis of volumetric datasets. There are approaches that allow for the real-time Ray Casting for visualization of the datasets that can be divided into bricks ...

Nikolay Gavrilov; Vadim Turlapov

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Time, Wavelet and Hilbert-Huang Domain Analysis of Signals from Ultrasonic Based Equipment for the Non Destructive Evaluation of Concrete and Brick Masonry Walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we compare the effectiveness of the time, wavelet and Hilbert-Huang domain analysis of waveforms from a Non Destructive Test (NDT) equipment. The analysis of the signals from NDT systems is one of the most important activities in the recognition ... Keywords: Hilbert-Huang transform, Magnetostrictive transducers and sensors, Non Destructive Test, Ultrasonic waves, Wavelet transform

Antonino Musolino; Marco Raugi; Mauro Tucci; Florin Turcu

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Application of independent component analysis for evaluation of ashlar masonry walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel application of Independent Component Analysis (ICA) to the evaluation of ashlar masonry walls inspected with Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR). ICA is used as preprocessor to eliminate the background from the backscattered signals. ... Keywords: Clutter, GPR, ICA, NDT

Addisson Salazar; Gonzalo Safont; Luis Vergara

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Building Science Consortium held an Expert Meeting on Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies on July 30, 2011 at the Westford Regency Hotel in Westford, MA. This report outlines the extensive information that was presented on assessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce such risks.

Ueno, K.; Van Straaten, R.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Frequency Identification of a Historical Masonry Building Based on the Bayesian Inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The frequency of historical masonry buildings is difficult to evaluate because of the uncertain nature of the material properties, existing damages and structural configurations. A Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method based on the Bayesian Inference ... Keywords: Piezoelectricity, surface acoustic, wave guided wave

Rongliu Gu, Bin Peng, Zhihong Cai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Relationship Between Surface Free Energy and Total Work of Fracture of Asphalt Binder and Asphalt Binder-Aggregate Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of asphalt mixtures depends on the properties of its constituent materials, mixture volumetrics, and external factors such as load and environment. An important material property that influences the performance of an asphalt mixture is the surface free energy of the asphalt binder and the aggregate. Surface free energy, which is a thermodynamic material property, is directly related to the adhesive bond energy between the asphalt binder and the aggregate as well as the cohesive bond energy of the asphalt binder. This thermodynamic material property has been successfully used to select asphalt binders and aggregates that have the necessary compatibility to form strong bonds and resist fracture. Surface free energy, being based on thermodynamics, assumes the asphalt binder is a brittle elastic material. In reality, the asphalt binder is not brittle and dissipates energy during loading and unloading. The total work of fracture is the culmination of all energy inputted into the sample to create two new surfaces of unit area and is dependent on the test geometry and testing conditions (e.g., temperature, loading rate, specimen size, etc.). The magnitude of the bond energy (either adhesive or cohesive) can be much smaller in magnitude when compared to the total work of fracture measured using mechanical tests (i.e., peel test, pull-off test, etc.). Despite the large difference in magnitude, there exists evidence in the literature supporting the use of the bond energy to characterize the resistance of composite systems to cohesive and/or adhesive failures. If the bond energy is to be recognized as a useful screening tool by the paving industry, the relationship between the bond energy and total work of fracture needs to be understood and verified. The effect of different types of modifications (addition of polymers, addition of anti-strip agents, and aging) on the surface free energy components of various asphalt binders was explored in order to understand how changes in the surface free energy components are related to the performance of the asphalt mixtures. After the asphalt binder-aggregate combination was explored, the next step was to study how the surface free energy of water was affected by contact with the asphalt binder-aggregate interface. Aggregates, which have a pH of greater than seven, will cause the pH of water that contacts them to increase. A change in the pH of the contacting water could indicate a change in its overall surface free energy, which might subsequently increase or decrease the water's moisture damage potential. With surface free energy fully explored, the total work of fracture was measured using pull-off tests for asphalt binder-aggregate combinations with known surface free energy components. In order to fully explore the relationship between bond energy and total work of fracture, temperature, loading rate, specimen geometry, and moisture content were varied in the experiments. The results of this work found that modifications made to the asphalt binder can have significant positive or negative effects on its surface free energy components and bond energy. Moreover, the results from the pull-off tests demonstrated that a relationship exists between bond energy (from surface free energy) and total work of fracture (from pull-off tests), and that surface free energy can be used to estimate the performance of asphalt binder-aggregate combinations.

Howson, Jonathan Embrey

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Asphalt Roofing Shingles Into Energy Project Summary Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Based on a widely cited September, 1999 report by the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources, nearly 11 million tons of asphalt roofing shingle wastes are produced in the United States each year. Recent data suggests that the total is made up of about 9.4 million tons from roofing tear-offs and about 1.6 million tons from manufacturing scrap. Developing beneficial uses for these materials would conserve natural resources, promote protection of the environment and strengthen the economy. This project explored the feasibility of using chipped asphalt shingle materials in cement manufacturing kilns and circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers. A method of enhancing the value of chipped shingle materials for use as fuel by removing certain fractions for use as substitute raw materials for the manufacture of new shingles was also explored. Procedures were developed to prevent asbestos containing materials from being processed at the chipping facilities, and the frequency of the occurrence of asbestos in residential roofing tear-off materials was evaluated. The economic feasibility of each potential use was evaluated based on experience gained during the project and on a review of the well established use of shingle materials in hot mix asphalt. This project demonstrated that chipped asphalt shingle materials can be suitable for use as fuel in circulating fluidized boilers and cement kilns. More experience would be necessary to determine the full benefits that could be derived and to discover long term effects, but no technical barriers to full scale commercial use of chipped asphalt shingle materials in these applications were discovered. While the technical feasibility of various options was demonstrated, only the use of asphalt shingle materials in hot mix asphalt applications is currently viable economically.

Jameson, Rex, PE

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

68

Research on the microstructure and property of an anion rubber modified asphalt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The anion rubber modified asphalt (ARMA) mixture was first successfully developed with a unique process. In the development process, rubber and asphalt were mixed in the same proportion. Furthermore, the microstructure and modification mechanism of the ...

Wei Hong, Qingshan Li, Guoquan Guan, Youbo Di, Jing Sun, Tifeng Jiao, Guangzhong Xing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Development of asphalts and pavements using recycled tire rubber. Phase 1: technical feasibility. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the technical progress made on the development of asphalts and pavements using recycled tire rubber.

Bullin, J.A.; Davison, R.R.; Glover, C.J. [and others

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Hanford Permanent Isolation Barrier Program: Asphalt technology test plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Permanent Isolation Barriers use engineered layers of natural materials to create an integrated structure with backup protective features. The objective of current designs is to develop a maintenance-free permanent barrier that isolates wastes for a minimum of 1000 years by limiting water drainage to near-zero amounts. Asphalt is being used as an impermeable water diversion layer to provide a redundant layer within the overall barrier design. Data on asphalt barrier properties in a buried environment are not available for the required 100-year time frame. The purpose of this test plan is to outline the activities planned to obtain data with which to estimate performance of the asphalt layers.

Freeman, H.D.; Romine, R.A.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Use of recycled chunk rubber asphalt concrete (CRAC) on low volume roads and use of recycled crumb rubber modifier in asphalt pavements. Final report, June 1993-June 1995  

SciTech Connect

The major objective of this project was to formulate a Chunk Rubber Asphalt Concrete (CRAC) mix for use on low volume roads. CRAC is a rubber modified asphalt concrete product produced by the `dry process` where rubber chunks of 1/2 inch size are used as aggregate in a cold mix with a type C fly ash. The second objective of this project was to develop guidelines concerning the use of rubber modified asphalt concrete hot mix to include: (1) Design methods for use of asphalt-rubber mix for new construction and overlay, (2) Mix design method for asphalt-rubber, and (3) Test method for determining the amount of rubber in an asphalt-rubber concrete for quality control purposes.

Hossain, M.; Funk, L.P.; Sadeq, M.A.; Marucci, G.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

DECISION ANALYSIS AND TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENTS FOR METAL AND MASONRY DECONTAMINATION TECHNOLOGIES  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this investigation was to conduct a comparative analysis of innovative technologies for the non-aggressive removal of coatings from metal and masonry surfaces and the aggressive removal of one-quarter to one-inch thickness of surface from structural masonry. The technologies tested should be capable of being used in nuclear facilities. Innovative decontamination technologies are being evaluated under standard, non-nuclear conditions at the FIU-HCET technology assessment site in Miami, Florida. This study is being performed to support the OST, the Deactivation and Decommissioning (D&D) Focus Area, and the environmental restoration of DOE facilities throughout the DOE complex by providing objective evaluations of currently available decontamination technologies.

M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Evaluation of the filler effects on fatique cracking and permanent deformation of asphalt concrete mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The addition of hydrated lime to asphalt has shown to be beneficial with an improvement in the Theological properties of the binder, as well as resistance to permanent deformation (rutting) and fatigue cracking of asphalt concrete mixtures. The addition of hydrated lime produces a filler effect where the result is a stiffening of the asphalt mixture, thus improving the resistance to permanent deformation. The fatigue characteristics of the asphalt mixtures did not worsen from this stiffening effect, but were either improved or similar. The Superpave Performance Grade was not significantly indicative of the filler effects induced by the hydrated lime. However, evaluation of the physical properties, G*/sin5 and G*sin5 were indicative of significant filler effects induced by the hydrated lime. Creep properties, stiffness and m-value showed no substantial change with the addition of lime. The use of 10 to 20% mass concentration of hydrated lime can effectively improve the rutting resistance of the unaged and aged binder with little practical effect on the low temperature and fatigue properties. The filler effects produced through the addition of hydrated lime to the asphalt yielded asphalt mixtures less susceptible to rutting. In most cases, the fatigue life of the asphalt mixtures improved as well. The reference modulus and creep compliance of the asphalt mixtures with lime had shown to have greater fatigue life. In most cases, Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) mixtures with lime showed greater resistance to rutting, as well as greater fatigue life. The filler effects from the hydrated lime, as well as the stone-on-stone contact and stiffening from the mastic (two characteristics of SMA mixtures) improved these properties. The addition of hydrated lime to asphalt improved the G*/sin5 and G*sin8 of the asphalt binders. The use of these asphalt binders in asphalt concrete mixtures increased the resistance to rutting and fatigue life. It is apparent that a correlation exists between the asphalt binder and mixture test results.

Izzo, Richard P

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Summary of Large-and Small-Scale Unreinforced Masonry Test Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A five-year, large- and small-scale, static and dynamic experimental research program, in which more than 700 tests were conducted, has demonstrated that unreinforced masonry infills are more ductile and resist lateral loads more effectively than anticipated by conventional code procedures. The tests were conducted both in the laboratory and on existing structures at the Department of Energy's Y-12 National Security Complex. The experimental data indicate that the combination of a steel frame and infill material efficiently resists lateral loads--the infilling provides significant lateral stiffness while the surrounding frame adds ductility and confinement to the overall system. The results from approximately 25 moderate- and full-scale tests on infills showed that with simulated seismic loads, the frames confined the masonry, and the load-carrying capacity of the infill was considerably above the load that caused initial cracking. This finding was a significant departure from classical code approaches that assumed first cracking to be failure of an unreinforced masonry wall. The experimental program, performed for the US Department of Energy, consisted of the following large-scale tests on infills: in situ airbag pressure testing, shake-table tests, and the application of quasi-static in-plane and out-of-plane drift loads. This paper provides a summary of the overall experimental methodology and results.

Fricke, K.E.

2002-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

75

The finite element analysis of water vapor diffusion in a brick with vertical holes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a finite element analysis of water vapor diffusion in a brick with vertical holes. The isotherms, isodensity, isopressure and isohumidity surfaces considering the longitudinal and transverse direction diffusion of water vapor in a ... Keywords: brick wall, diffusion, finite element method (FEM), numerical simulation

Madalina Calbureanu; Mihai Talu; Carlos Manuel Travieso-Gonzlez; Stefan Talu; Mihai Lungu; Raluca Malciu

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Idaho Asphalt Conference October 24, 25, 2012 Attendee List  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

52nd Idaho Asphalt Conference ­ October 24, 25, 2012 Attendee List Kimbol Allen Idaho Transportation Department 216 South Date Street Shoshone, ID 83352 208-886-7805 kimbol.allen@itd.idaho.gov John Arambarri Idaho Transportation Department P.O. Box 8028 Boise, ID 83707-2028 208-332-7161 john.arambarri@itd.idaho

Kyte, Michael

77

Literature Review: Asphalt Batching of MGP Tar-Containing Soil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of its manufactured gas plant (MGP) sites research effort, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is committed to developing and applying scientific and technological information to address the issues of remediation, treatment, and recycling of soils containing MGP tar and related organic compounds. This report deals with the issue of using MGP tar-containing soils in the manufacture of asphalt products.

1998-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

78

Byggmeister Test Home: Cold Climate Multifamily Masonry Building Condition Assessment and Retrofit Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a retrofit project undertaken by Building Science Corporation and partner Byggmeister on a multifamily brick row house located in Jamaica Plain, MA. This project studied the row house to determine the right combination of energy efficiency measures that are feasible, affordable, and suitable for this type of construction and acceptable to homeowners.

Wytrykowska, H.; Ueno, K.; Van Straaten, R.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Tertiary nitrogen heterocyclic material to reduce moisture-induced damage in asphalt-aggregate mixtures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Asphalt-aggregate roads crack when subjected to freezing and thawing cycles. Herein, the useful life of asphalts are substantially improved by a minor amount of a moisture damage inhibiting agent selected from compounds having a pyridine moiety, including acid salts of such compounds. A shale oil fraction may serve as the source of the improving agent and may simply be blended with conventional petroleum asphalts.

Plancher, Henry (Laramie, WY); Petersen, Joseph C. (Laramie, WY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A novel technique for the production of cool colored concrete tile and asphalt shingle roofing products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wavelength (nm) In press at Solar Energy Materials & Solarcool asphalt shingles. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cellsof common colorants, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells

Levinson, Ronnen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Pushover, Response Spectrum and Time History Analyses of Safe Rooms in a Poor Performance Masonry Building  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea of safe room has been developed for decreasing the earthquake casualties in masonry buildings. The information obtained from the previous ground motions occurring in seismic zones expresses the lack of enough safety of these buildings against earthquakes. For this reason, an attempt has been made to create some safe areas inside the existing masonry buildings, which are called safe rooms. The practical method for making these safe areas is to install some prefabricated steel frames in some parts of the existing structure. These frames do not carry any service loads before an earthquake. However, if a devastating earthquake happens and the load bearing walls of the building are destroyed, some parts of the floors, which are in the safe areas, will fall on the roof of the installed frames and the occupants who have sheltered there will survive. This paper presents the performance of these frames located in a destroying three storey masonry building with favorable conclusions. In fact, the experimental pushover diagram of the safe room located at the ground-floor level of this building is compared with the analytical results and it is concluded that pushover analysis is a good method for seismic performance evaluation of safe rooms. For time history analysis the 1940 El Centro, the 2003 Bam, and the 1990 Manjil earthquake records with the maximum peak accelerations of 0.35g were utilized. Also the design spectrum of Iranian Standard No. 2800-05 for the ground kind 2 is used for response spectrum analysis. The results of time history, response spectrum and pushover analyses show that the strength and displacement capacity of the steel frames are adequate to accommodate the distortions generated by seismic loads and aftershocks properly.

Mazloom, M. [Department of Civil Engineering, Shahid Rajaee University, P.O. Box 16785-163, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

82

Integrated coke, asphalt and jet fuel production process and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and apparatus for the production of coke, asphalt and jet fuel from a feed of fossil fuels containing volatile carbon compounds therein is disclosed. The process includes the steps of pyrolyzing the feed in an entrained bed pyrolyzing means, separating the volatile pyrolysis products from the solid pyrolysis products, removing at least some coke from the solid pyrolysis products, fractionating the volatile pyrolysis products to produce an overhead stream and a bottom stream which is useful as asphalt for road pavement, condensing the overhead stream to produce a condensed liquid fraction and a noncondensable, gaseous fraction, and removing water from the condensed liquid fraction to produce a jet fuel-containing product. The disclosed apparatus is useful for practicing the foregoing process. The process provides a useful method of mass producing these products from materials such as coal, oil shale and tar sands. 1 fig.

Shang, Jer Yu.

1989-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

83

Integrated coke, asphalt and jet fuel production process and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and apparatus for the production of coke, asphalt and jet fuel m a feed of fossil fuels containing volatile carbon compounds therein is disclosed. The process includes the steps of pyrolyzing the feed in an entrained bed pyrolyzing means, separating the volatile pyrolysis products from the solid pyrolysis products removing at least one coke from the solid pyrolysis products, fractionating the volatile pyrolysis products to produce an overhead stream and a bottom stream which is useful as asphalt for road pavement, condensing the overhead stream to produce a condensed liquid fraction and a noncondensable, gaseous fraction, and removing water from the condensed liquid fraction to produce a jet fuel-containing product. The disclosed apparatus is useful for practicing the foregoing process. the process provides a useful method of mass producing and jet fuels from materials such as coal, oil shale and tar sands.

Shang, Jer Y. (McLean, VA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Use of VFDs on Asphalt Plant Induced Draft Fans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies of 10 asphalt plants in the Intermountain Region have identified average ID fan energy savings of 68% by controlling airflow using Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) on the fan motors in place of damper control (inlet or outlet). Average paybacks were 3-5 years before utility incentives. In the 10 plants evaluated, the ID fans accounted for as much as 30% of the total plant electrical consumption. In the majority of these plants the outlet dampers were typically 50%-60% closed. Fan motors ranged from 200 Hp to 500 Hp. With approximately 3,600 existing asphalt plants in operation across the United States, a large opportunity for retrofits exists. Working with manufacturers and owners, a new standard can be established for installing VFDs on all plants.

Anderson, G. R.; Case, P. L.; Lowery, J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Flotation behavior of digested asphalt ridge tar sands  

SciTech Connect

The hot water process for Utah tar sands differs from that used for Canadian tar sands due to inherent differences in respective bitumen viscosities and the nature of bitumen-sand association. Although contact angle measurements of solvent extracted Asphalt Ridge bitumen indicated moderate hydrophobicity, air bubble attachment to the bitumen concentrate is not possible. This suggests that flotation separation is dependent on air bubble entrapment. Improved separation at higher flotation temperatures was due to the decrease in bitumen viscosity. 16 refs.

Smith, R.J.; Miller, J.D.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Phosphogypsum slag aggregate-based asphaltic concrete mixes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phosphogypsum is a by-product from the production of phosphoric acid used in the fertilizer and chemical industries. Large production rates and problems associated with its stockpiling have led researchers to seek alternative uses for phosphogypsum, primarily as a construction material. One such use is the extraction of sulfur dioxide for the production of sulfuric acid, a process that also generates a by-product slag aggregate. This study investigated the feasibility of using this slag aggregate in asphaltic concrete binder course mixes. The physical properties of the slag aggregate, such as gradation, specific gravity, absorption, unit weight, and void content, were determined, as well as its durability and environmental characteristics. The Marshall mix design method was used to obtain the optimum asphalt content for this aggregate, while moisture susceptibility was examined using the boiling and modified Lottman tests. Indirect tensile, resilient modulus, and dynamic creep tests were performed on the mix to evaluate its performance potential. The results of the study indicate that phosphogypsum-based slag aggregate can be successfully employed in asphaltic concrete binder course mixtures.

Foxworthy, P.T. [Terracon Consultants, Inc., Lenexa, KS (United States); Nadimpalli, R.S.; Seals, R.K. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

BBF RFC 36: Fusion protein BioBrick assembly standard with optional linker extension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This RFC 36 describes an extension of the original BioBrick assembly standard (BBF RFC 10) and Freiburg assembly standard (BBF RFC 25). The Fusion Assembly strategy described here is fully compatible with RFC 25 (Freiburg) ...

Jerala, Roman

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Seismic Response Of Masonry Plane Walls: A Numerical Study On Spandrel Strength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper reports the results of a numerical investigation on masonry walls subjected to in-plane seismic loads. This research aims to verify the formulae of shear and flexural strength of masonry spandrels which are given in the recent Italian Standards. Seismic pushover analyses have been carried out using finite element models of unreinforced walls and strengthened walls introducing reinforced concrete (RC) beams at the floor levels. Two typologies of walls have been considered distinguished for the height to length ratio h/l of the spandrels: a) short beams (h/l = 1.33) and b) slender beams (h/l = 0.5). Results obtained for the unreinforced and the strengthened walls are compared with equations for shear and flexural strength provided in Standards [1]. The numerical analyses show that the reliability of these equations is at least questionable especially for the prediction of the flexural strength. In the cases in which the axial force has not been determined by the structural analysis, Standards seems to overestimate the flexural strength of short spandrels both for the unreinforced and the strengthened wall.

Betti, Michele; Galano, Luciano; Vignoli, Andrea [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (DICeA) University of Florence, Via di S. Marta 3, I-50139, Florence (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

89

Quality Characterization of Silicon Bricks using Photoluminescence Imaging and Photoconductive Decay: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Imaging techniques can be applied to multicrystalline silicon solar cells throughout the production process, which includes as early as when the bricks are cut from the cast ingot. Photoluminescence (PL) imaging of the band-to-band radiative recombination is used to characterize silicon quality and defects regions within the brick. PL images of the brick surfaces are compared to minority-carrier lifetimes measured by resonant-coupled photoconductive decay (RCPCD). Photoluminescence images on silicon bricks can be correlated to lifetime measured by photoconductive decay and could be used for high-resolution characterization of material before wafers are cut. The RCPCD technique has shown the longest lifetimes of any of the lifetime measurement techniques we have applied to the bricks. RCPCD benefits from the low-frequency and long-excitation wavelengths used. In addition, RCPCD is a transient technique that directly monitors the decay rate of photoconductivity and does not rely on models or calculations for lifetime. The measured lifetimes over brick surfaces have shown strong correlations to the PL image intensities; therefore, this correlation could then be used to transform the PL image into a high-resolution lifetime map.

Johnston, S.; Yan, F.; Zaunbrecher, K.; Al-Jassim, M.; Sidelkheir, O.; Ounadjela, K.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Numerical analysis of masonry-infilled reinforced concrete frames subjected to seismic loads and experimental evaluation of retrofit techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

size effect in structures, ASCE J. Eng. Mech. Vol. 116, No.story brick shear walls, ASCE J. of Struct. Eng. Vol. 84,in seismic resistant building, ASCE J. of Struct. Eng. Vol.

Koutromanos, Ioannis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Heat Transfer Analysis of Asphalt Concrete Pavement Based on Snow Melting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On the basis of Wuhan district weather conditions of January 5, 2010, heat transfer mechanism of Beijing-Zhuhai Expressway Hubei section of asphalt concrete pavement based on snow melting is analyzed and the model of heat transmission is established. ... Keywords: asphalt concrete pavement, ground-source heat, pump, deicing and snow melting, heat flux

Yan-ping Tu; Jie Li; Chang-sheng Guan

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Evaluation of asphalt-rubber interlayers. (Revised). Final research report, September 1986-September 1992  

SciTech Connect

The report presents the field performance results of three asphalt-rubber interlayer test roads in terms of the effectiveness of the interlayer at reducing the rate of reflection cracking. Several variables were included in the field experiments: concentration of rubber, binder application rate, type or source of rubber, and digestion (or mixing) time of asphalt and rubber. Control sections were made up of no interlayer and interlayer binders of polymer-modified asphalt and conventional asphalt cement. Results of the statistical analyses of the data indicated that, in general, asphalt-rubber interlayers are more effective at reducing reflection cracking than no interlayer at all. Asphalt-rubber also peerformed better than control sections composed of asphalt cement interlayers and polymer-modified interlayers except in one case where the interlyaer was composed of a double application of asphalt cement/aggregate. The data also indicated that higher binder application rates lead to imnproved cracking resistance; however, on many test sections, excessively high binder application rates caused flushing at the pavement surface.

Estakhri, C.K.; Pendleton, O.; Lytton, R.L.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Cool Roof Coatings and New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt Shingles Meng-Dawn Cheng Oak Ridge National Laboratory chengmd@ornl.gov; 865-241-5918 April 4, 2013 PM: Andre Desjarlais PI: Meng-Dawn Cheng, Ph.D. David Graham, Ph.D. Sue Carroll Steve Allman Dawn Klingeman Susan Pfiffner, Ph.D. (FY12) Karen Cheng (FY12) Partner: Joe Rokowski (Dow) Roof Testing Facility at ORNL Building Technologies Research and Integration Center 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Building accounted for 41% of the US energy consumption in 2010 greater than either transportation (28%) or industry (31%).

94

New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Cool Roof Coatings and New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt Shingles Meng-Dawn Cheng Oak Ridge National Laboratory chengmd@ornl.gov; 865-241-5918 April 4, 2013 PM: Andre Desjarlais PI: Meng-Dawn Cheng, Ph.D. David Graham, Ph.D. Sue Carroll Steve Allman Dawn Klingeman Susan Pfiffner, Ph.D. (FY12) Karen Cheng (FY12) Partner: Joe Rokowski (Dow) Roof Testing Facility at ORNL Building Technologies Research and Integration Center 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Building accounted for 41% of the US energy consumption in 2010 greater than either transportation (28%) or industry (31%).

95

Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interior Insulation Retrofit Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies K. Ueno and R. Van Straaten Building Science Corporation (BSC) February 2012 ii NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring

96

Evaluation of concrete masonry unit walls for lateral natural phenomena hazards loads  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Older single-story facilities (Pre-1985 vintage) are commonly constructed of structural steel framing with concrete masonry unit (CMU) walls connected to columns and roof girders of the steel framing system. The CMU walls are designed for lateral wind and seismic loads (perpendicular to the wall) and transmit shear loads from the roof diaphragm to the foundation footings. The lateral loads normally govern their design. The structural framing system and the roof diaphragm system are straight forward when analyzing or upgrading the structure for NPH loads. Because of a buildings design vintage, probable use of empirical methodology, and poor design basis documentation (and record retention); it is difficult to qualify or upgrade CMU walls for lateral Natural Phenomena Hazards (NPH) loads in accordance with References 1, 2 and 3. This paper discusses three analytical approaches and/or techniques (empirical, working stress and yield line) to determine the collapse capacity of a laterally loaded CMU wall, and compares their results

Faires, W.E. Jr.

1996-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

97

The utilization of flue gas desulfurization waste by-products in construction brick  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Millions of tons of waste by-products from Texas coal burning plants are produced each year. Two common byproducts are the fuel ashes and calcium sulfate (gypsum). Fuel ashes result from the burning of coal. Gypsum is a byproduct of the air purification system, called Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD). Abatement of these waste products is a growing concern, not only for the industry, but the environment as well. It is possible to produce a gypsum brick unit that can meet the engineering properties required by the Americans Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) standards by using these by-products. This can be accomplished at a cost less than the least expensive common fired clay brick that is used in construction operations. The gypsum brick can be manufactured using established methods that are currently in operation.

Berryman, Charles Wayne

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Development of superior asphalt recycling agency: Phase 1, Technical feasibility. Technical progress report  

SciTech Connect

About every 12 years, asphalt roads must be reworked, and this is usually done by placing thick layers (hot-mix overlays) of new material on top of failed material, resulting in considerable waste of material and use of new asphalt binder. A good recycling agent is needed, not only to reduce the viscosity of the aged material but also to restore compatibility. Objective is to establish the technical feasibility (Phase I) of determining the specifications and operating parameters for producing high quality recycling agents which will allow most/all the old asphalt-based road material to be recycled. It is expected that supercritical fractionation can be used. The advanced road aging simulation procedure will be used to study aging of blends of old asphalt and recycling agents.

Bullin, J.A.; Glover, C.J.; Davison, R.R.; Lin, Moon-Sun; Chaffin, J.; Liu, Meng; Eckhardt, C.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Touch and Step Voltage Measurements on Field Installed Ground Grid Overlaid with Gravel and Asphalt Beds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gravel and asphalt are commonly used as surfacing materials in and around substations. Both the electrical characteristics of the surfacing material and its moisture condition substantially affect the exposure (step, touch) voltage and the resulting current. This project evaluates the effects of various types of surfacing materials (three gravel types and asphalt) and conditions (dry and wet) on step and touch voltages in and around substations.

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

100

Lignite slime as activator in production of oxidized asphalts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possibility of activation of the oxidation of straight-run resids to asphalts by the addition of lignite slimes obtained in the liquefaction of coals of the Kansk-Achinsk basin was studied on the basis of a hypothesis formulated with due regard for the principles of physicochemical mechanics of petroleum disperse systems. A reduction of the air bubble size in the oxidizing vessel should lead to an increase in the total surface of oxidation and hence to a shortening of the time required for oxidation of the feed. A straight-run vacuum resid from mixed West Siberian and Ukhta crudes was used. The resid was oxidized with and without the addition of slime.

Gureev, A.A.; Gorlov, E.G.; Leont'eva, O.B.; Zotova, O.V.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Prediction of Reflection Cracking in Hot Mix Asphalt Overlays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reflection cracking is one of the main distresses in hot-mix asphalt (HMA) overlays. It has been a serious concern since early in the 20th century. Since then, several models have been developed to predict the extent and severity of reflection cracking in HMA overlays. However, only limited research has been performed to evaluate and calibrate these models. In this dissertation, mechanistic-based models are calibrated to field data of over 400 overlay test sections to produce a design process for predicting reflection cracks. Three cracking mechanisms: bending, shearing traffic stresses, and thermal stress are taken into account to evaluate the rate of growth of the three increasing levels of distress severity: low, medium, and high. The cumulative damage done by all three cracking mechanisms is used to predict the number of days for the reflection crack to reach the surface of the overlay. The result of this calculation is calibrated to the observed field data (severity and extent) which has been fitted with an S-shaped curve. In the mechanistic computations, material properties and fracture-related stress intensity factors are generated using efficient Artificial Neural Network (ANN) algorithms. In the bending and shearing traffic stress models, the traffic was represented by axle load spectra. In the thermal stress model, a recently developed temperature model was used to predict the temperature at the crack tips. This process was developed to analyze various overlay structures. HMA overlays over either asphalt pavement or jointed concrete pavement in all four major climatic zones are discussed in this dissertation. The results of this calculated mechanistic approach showed its ability to efficiently reproduce field observations of the growth, extent, and severity of reflection cracking. The most important contribution to crack growth was found to be thermal stress. The computer running time for a twenty-year prediction of a typical overlay was between one and four minutes.

Tsai, Fang-Ling

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Summary of Surface Swipe Sampling for Beryllium on Lead Bricks and Shielding  

SciTech Connect

Approximately 25,000 lbs of lead bricks at Site 300 were assessed by the Site 300 Industrial Hygienis tand Health Physicist for potential contamination of beryllium and radiation for reuse. These lead bricks and shielding had been used as shielding material during explosives tests that included beryllium and depleted uranium. Based on surface swipe sampling that was performed between July 26 and October 11, 2010, specifically for beryllium, the use of a spray encapsulant was found to be an effective means to limit removable surface contamination to levels below the DOE release limit for beryllium, which is 0.2 mcg/100 cm{sup 2}. All the surface swipe sampling data for beryllium and a timeline of when the samples were collected (and a brief description) are presented in this report. On December 15, 2010, the lead bricks and shielding were surveyed with an ion chamber and indicated dose rates less than 0.05 mrem per hour on contact. This represents a dose rate consistent with natural background. An additional suevey was performed on February 8, 2011, using a GM survey instrument to estimate total activity on the lead bricks and shielding, confirming safe levels of radioactivity. The vendor is licensed to possess and work with radioactive material.

Paik, S Y; Barron, D A

2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

103

Finite element analyses of continuous filament ties for masonry applications : final report for the Arquin Corporation.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finite-element analyses were performed to simulate the response of a hypothetical vertical masonry wall subject to different lateral loads with and without continuous horizontal filament ties laid between rows of concrete blocks. A static loading analysis and cost comparison were also performed to evaluate optimal materials and designs for the spacers affixed to the filaments. Results showed that polypropylene, ABS, and polyethylene (high density) were suitable materials for the spacers based on performance and cost, and the short T-spacer design was optimal based on its performance and functionality. Simulations of vertical walls subject to static loads representing 100 mph winds (0.2 psi) and a seismic event (0.66 psi) showed that the simulated walls performed similarly and adequately when subject to these loads with and without the ties. Additional simulations and tests are required to assess the performance of actual walls with and without the ties under greater loads and more realistic conditions (e.g., cracks, non-linear response).

Quinones, Armando, Sr. (Arquin Corporation, La Luz, NM); Bibeau, Tiffany A.; Ho, Clifford Kuofei

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

New Tool Quantitatively Maps Minority-Carrier Lifetime of Multicrystalline Silicon Bricks (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL's new imaging tool could provide manufacturers with insight on their processes. Scientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have used capabilities within the Process Development and Integration Laboratory (PDIL) to generate quantitative minority-carrier lifetime maps of multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) bricks. This feat has been accomplished by using the PDIL's photoluminescence (PL) imaging system in conjunction with transient lifetime measurements obtained using a custom NREL-designed resonance-coupled photoconductive decay (RCPCD) system. PL imaging can obtain rapid high-resolution images that provide a qualitative assessment of the material lifetime-with the lifetime proportional to the pixel intensity. In contrast, the RCPCD technique provides a fast quantitative measure of the lifetime with a lower resolution and penetrates millimeters into the mc-Si brick, providing information on bulk lifetimes and material quality. This technique contrasts with commercially available minority-carrier lifetime mapping systems that use microwave conductivity measurements. Such measurements are dominated by surface recombination and lack information on the material quality within the bulk of the brick. By combining these two complementary techniques, we obtain high-resolution lifetime maps at very fast data acquisition times-attributes necessary for a production-based diagnostic tool. These bulk lifetime measurements provide manufacturers with invaluable feedback on their silicon ingot casting processes. NREL has been applying the PL images of lifetime in mc-Si bricks in collaboration with a U.S. photovoltaic industry partner through Recovery Act Funded Project ARRA T24. NREL developed a new tool to quantitatively map minority-carrier lifetime of multicrystalline silicon bricks by using photoluminescence imaging in conjunction with resonance-coupled photoconductive decay measurements. Researchers are not hindered by surface recombination and can look deeper into the material to map bulk lifetimes. The tool is being applied to silicon bricks in a project collaborating with a U.S. photovoltaic industry partner. Photovoltaic manufacturers can use the NREL tool to obtain valuable feedback on their silicon ingot casting processes.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Coupled Micromechanical Model of Moisture-Induced Damage in Asphalt Mixtures: Formulation and Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The deleterious effect of moisture on the structural integrity of asphalt mixtures has been recognized as one of the main causes of early deterioration of asphalt pavements. This phenomenon, usually referred to as moisture damage, is defined as the progressive loss of structural integrity of the mixture that is primarily caused by the presence of moisture in liquid or vapor state. Moisture damage is associated with the development of different physical, mechanical, and chemical processes occurring within the microstructure of the mixture at different intensities and rates. Although there have been important advancements in identifying and characterizing this phenomenon, there is still a lack of understanding of the damage mechanisms occurring at the microscopic level. This situation has motivated the research work reported in this dissertation. The main objective of this dissertation is to formulate and apply a numerical micromechanical model of moisture-induced damage in asphalt mixtures. The model focuses on coupling the effects of moisture diffusionone of the three main modes of moisture transport within asphalt mixtureswith the mechanical performance of the microstructure. Specifically, the model aims to account for the effect of moisture diffusion on the degradation of the viscoelastic bulk matrix of the mixture (i.e., cohesive degradation) and on the gradual deterioration of the adhesive bonds between the aggregates and the asphalt matrix (i.e., adhesive degradation). The micromechanical model was applied to study the role of some physical and mechanical properties of the constitutive phases of the mixtures on the susceptibility of the mixture to moisture damage. The results from this analysis suggest that the diffusion coefficients of the asphalt matrix and aggregates, as well as the bond strength of the aggregate-matrix interface, have the most influence on the moisture susceptibility of the mixtures. The micromechanical model was further used to investigate the influence of the void phase of asphalt mixtures on the generation of moisture-related deterioration processes. Two different probabilistic-based approaches were used to accomplish this objective. In the first approach, a volumetric distribution of air voids sizes measured using X-Ray Computed Tomography in a dense-graded asphalt mixture was used to generate probable void structures in a microstructure of an asphalt mixture. In the second approach, a stochastic modeling technique based on random field theory was used to generate probable air voids distributions of the mixture. In this second approach, the influence of the air voids was accounted for by making the physical and mechanical properties of the asphalt matrix dependent on probable voids distributions. Although both approaches take into consideration the characteristics of the air void phase on the mechanical response of the mixtures subjected to moist environments, the former explicitly introduces the air phase within the microstructure while the latter indirectly includes its effects by modifying the material properties of the bulk matrix. The results from these simulations demonstrated that the amount, variability and location of air voids are decisive in determining the moisture-dependent performance of asphalt mixtures. The results from this dissertation provide new information on the kinetics of moisture damage mechanisms in asphalt mixtures. In particular, the results obtained from applying the micromechanical model permitted identification of the relative influence of the characteristics of the constitutive phases of a mixture on its moisture-related mechanical performance. This information can be used as part of design methodologies of asphalt mixtures, and/or as an input in life-cycle analysis models and maintenance programs of road infrastructure.

Caro Spinel, Silvia

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Development of superior asphalt recycling agents. Phase 1, Technical feasibility. Final technical progress report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After an introduction and a literature survey in Chap. 1, Chap. 2 describes the tasks, together with objectives and important results obtained for each task throughout the entire project. Chaps. 3 thru 7 detail work in developing a qualitative and quantitative knowledge of asphalt oxidation, composition dependence of asphalt properties, and guidelines for producing superior asphalt binders through composition control. They also detail the development of a kinetic model for asphalt oxidative aging and present an understanding of the composition dependence of asphalt oxidation as well as other performance-related properties. Chaps. 8 and 9 compare the aging performance of recycled blends produced using commercial recycling agents and industrial supercritical fractions as rejuvenating agents. Oxidative aging of the recycled blends were evaluated along with the performance of the recycled blends in terms of the strategic highway research program performance grading procedure. Chap. 10 summarizes the work completed in the areas of processing schemes development, projection updates, and scale-up and commercialization plans.

Bullin, J.A.; Davison, R.R.; Glover, C.J.; Chaffin, J.; Liu, M.; Madrid, R.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Properties of Roman bricks and mortars used in Serapis temple in the city of Pergamon  

SciTech Connect

Serapis temple, which was constructed in the Roman period in the city of Pergamon (Bergama/Turkey), is one of the most important monuments of the world heritage. In this study, the characteristics of bricks and mortars used in the temple have been determined in order to define the necessary characteristics of the intervention materials, which will be used in the conservation works of the temple. Several analyses were carried out to determine their basic physical properties, raw material compositions, mineralogical and microstructural properties using X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscope and a Thermo Gravimetric Analyzer. Analysis results indicated that the mortars are stiff, compact and hydraulic due to the use of natural pozzolanic aggregates. The Roman bricks are of low density, high porosity and were produced from raw materials containing calcium poor clays fired at low temperatures.

Ozkaya, Ozlem Aslan [Architectural Restoration Department, Izmir Institute of Technology, 35430 Izmir (Turkey); Boeke, Hasan, E-mail: hasanboke@iyte.edu.tr [Architectural Restoration Department, Izmir Institute of Technology, 35430 Izmir (Turkey)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

108

Air-conditioning electricity savings and demand reductions from exterior masonry wall insulation applied to Arizona residences  

SciTech Connect

A field test involving eight single-family houses was performed during the summer of 1991 in Scottsdale, Arizona to evaluate the potential of reducing air-conditioning electricity consumption and demand by insulating their exterior masonry walls. Total per house costs to perform the installations ranged from $3610 to $4550. The average annual savings was estimated to be 491 kWh, or 9% of pre-retrofit consumption. Peak demands without and with insulation on the hottest day of an average weather year for Phoenix were estimated to be 4.26 and 3.61 kill, for a demand reduction of 0.65 kill (15%). We conclude that exterior masonry wall insulation reduces air-conditioning electricity consumption and peak demand in hot, dry climates similar to that of Phoenix. Peak demand reductions are a primary benefit, making the retrofit worthy of consideration in electric utility conservation programs. Economics can be attractive from a consumer viewpoint if considered within a renovation or home improvement program.

Ternes, M.P.; Wilkes, K.E.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Microstructural Characterization of the Chemo-mechanical Behavior of Asphalt in Terms of Aging and Fatigue Performance Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of asphalt chemo-mechanics requires a basic understanding of the physical properties and chemical composition of asphalt and how these properties are linked to changes in performance induced by chemical modifications. This work uniquely implements the framework of chemo-mechanics by investigating two types of chemical modification processes, natural (oxidative aging) and synthetic (chemical doping) as they relate not only to macro-scale properties of asphalt binder but also to the asphalt microstructure and nanorheology. Furthermore, this study demonstrates the application of atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging and the extraction of nano-scale engineering properties, i.e. elastic modulus, relaxation modulus, and surface energy, as a method to predict performance related to the fatigue characteristics of asphalt binders by modeling intrinsic material flaws present amongst phase interfaces. It was revealed that oxidative aging induces substantial microstructural changes in asphalt, including variations in phase structure, phase properties, and phase distribution. It has also been shown that certain asphalt chemical parameters have a consistent and measureable effect on the asphalt microstructure that is observed with AFM. In fact, particular phases that emerged via chemical doping revealed a surprising correlation between oxidative aging and the saturates chemical parameter of asphalt in terms of how they explicitly impact durability and performance of asphalt. By implementing a crack initiation model which requires measureable microstructural characteristics as an input parameter it was found that microstructural flaws (depending on the extremity) can have a more profound impact on asphalt performance than the properties of the material located between the flaws. It was also discovered by comparing the findings to performance data in the Strategic Highway Research Programs (SHRPs) Materials Reference Library (MRL), that the crack initiation model predicts very similar performance as the SHRPs distress resistance indicators. Overall, this body of work yields improved input values for asphalt prediction models and serves as the basis for ongoing studies in the areas of asphalt chemical mapping, modeling of nano-damage, and nano-modification using AFM.

Allen, Robert Grover

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assembliesessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce such risks.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Building Science Consortium held an Expert Meeting on Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies on July 30, 2011 at the Westford Regency Hotel in Westford, MA. This report outlines the extensive information that was presented on ass

111

A comparison of the fracture properties of conventional and polymer-modified two-layer asphalt concrete overlay systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of reflection cracking through the conventional asphalt concrete overlays has increased the need to find new materials which could resist cracking or fracture more effectively. It is for this reason that polymers (Styrelo are added to the neat asphalt to improve the fracture resisting properties of asphalt concrete. In this study three different asphalt concrete mixtures with and without polymer (Styrelf) were used to study their fracture toughness. With four different binders and different combinations of mixtures, 18 different overlay systems were tested for their fracture toughness. Each overlay was made up of two different layers with asphalt rich sand anti-fracture (SAF) mixture as the bottom layer. Fracture mechanics concepts were used to compare the fracture properties of polymer (Styrelo modified asphalt concrete with the corresponding conventional neat asphalt concrete. Rate of crack growth is correlated with the energy line J*-integral. Crack growth rates were determined from laboratory experiments conducted on TTI overlay tester. Analysis of the experimental results showed that crack growth rate and J*-integral are correlated. In this study it was observed that the relation between the fracture material constants log(A) and (n) is not linear. A new fracture material constant (S) relating to crack speed was developed. The relationship between log(A) and (n) was found to be linear when combined with constant (S). Results showed that this new material constant (S) could lead to a better characterization of fracture toughness. Crack speed when calculated using (S) has shown better correlation with the observed experimental fatigue life. It is speculated that this new material constant (S) could be related to healing of the asphalt concrete or the plasticity effects due to unloading of the sample in overlay test.

Reddy, Praveena Gutha

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

ICE Manual of Construction Materials. Vol. II - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 10, 2010 ... Thomas Telford Limited, 40 Marsh Wall, London E14 9TP, U.K. 2009. ... and theory section, plus sections on Concrete, Asphalts and Masonry.

113

Surface roughness effects on the solar reflectance of cool asphalt shingles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze the solar reflectance of asphalt roofing shingles that are covered with pigmented mineral roofing granules. The reflecting surface is rough, with a total area approximately twice the nominal area. We introduce a simple analytical model that relates the 'micro-reflectance' of a small surface region to the 'macro-reflectance' of the shingle. This model uses a mean field approximation to account for multiple scattering effects. The model is then used to compute the reflectance of shingles with a mixture of different colored granules, when the reflectances of the corresponding mono-color shingles are known. Simple linear averaging works well, with small corrections to linear averaging derived for highly reflective materials. Reflective base granules and reflective surface coatings aid achievement of high solar reflectance. Other factors that influence the solar reflectance are the size distribution of the granules, coverage of the asphalt substrate, and orientation of the granules as affected by rollers during fabrication.

Akbari, Hashem; Berdahl, Paul; Akbari, Hashem; Jacobs, Jeffry; Klink, Frank

2008-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

114

Tornado La Plata Maryland 2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... residential) and low rise, brick and masonry commercial structures ... of roof and partial collapse of leeward walls. ... were built, such as the wall-to-roof ...

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

115

Development of asphalts and pavements using recycled tire rubber. Phase 1, Technical feasibility. Technical progress report, September 1, 1994--August 31, 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About 285 million tires are discarded every year; less than 100 million are currently being recycled, with the rest being placed in landfills and other waste sites. A solution to reduce the littering of the environment is to use ground tire rubber in road construction. Currently, about 27 million tons of asphalt are used each year in road construction and maintenance of the country`s 2 million miles of roads. If all of the waste tire rubber could be combined with asphalt in road construction, it would displace less than 6% of the total asphalt used each year, yet could save about 60 trillion Btus annually. Purpose of this project is to provide data needed to optimize the performance of rubber-asphalt concretes. The first phase is to develop asphalts and recycling agents tailored for compatibility with ground tire rubber. Chapter 2 presents results on Laboratory Testing and Evaluation: fractionate asphalt material, reblending for aromatic asphalts, verifying optimal curing parameters, aging of blends, and measuring ductilities of asphalt-rubber binders. Chapter 3 focuses on Evaluating Mixture Characteristics (modified binders). Chapter 4 covers Adhesion Test Development (water susceptibility is also covered). The final chapter focuses on the Performance/Economic Update and Commercialization Plan.

Bullin, J.A.; Davison, R.R.; Glover, C.J. [and others

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Encapsulation of phase change materials in concrete masonry construction. Progress report No. 3, June 1978-September 1978. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Work performed at Brookhaven National Laboratory on Union Carbide Nuclear Division, ORNL contract number 19Y-14279V, Encapsulation of Phase Change Materials (PCM) in Concrete Masonry Construction, is summarized. Due to program termination, the report also constitutes the final report of the program. Thermal analysis of the system Na/sub 2/CO/sub 3/.10H/sub 2/O has shown that after separation upon melting, the heat of fusion is considerably higher than Na/sub 2/SO/sub 4/.10H/sub 2/O. The system NaCO/sub 3/-K/sub 2/CO/sub 3/-H/sub 2/O has been found to be unsuitable for PCM use. A eutectic in the MgCl/sub 2/-CaCl/sub 2/-H/sub 2/O is under consideration. It exhibits a high heat of fusion and low transition temperature range. Cylindrical shells have been cast using polymer concrete. The shells were subsequently filled with PCM and thermally cycled. No leaking of PCM occurred. Thermal measurements on PCM composite materials were continued.

Sansone, M J

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Finite element analyses of continuous filament ties for masonry applications:final report for the Arquin Corporation.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finite-element analyses were performed to simulate the response of a hypothetical masonry shear wall with and without continuous filament ties to various lateral loads. The loads represented three different scenarios: (1) 100 mph wind, (2) explosive attack, and (3) an earthquake. In addition, a static loading analysis and cost comparison were performed to evaluate optimal materials and designs for the spacers affixed to the filaments. Results showed that polypropylene, ABS, and polyethylene (high density) were suitable materials for the spacers based on performance and cost, and the short T-spacer design was optimal based on its performance and functionality. Results of the shear-wall loading simulations revealed that simulated walls with the continuous filament ties yielded factors of safety that were at least ten times greater than those without the ties. In the explosive attack simulation (100 psi), the simulated wall without the ties failed (minimum factor of safety was less than one), but the simulated wall with the ties yielded a minimum factor of safety greater than one. Simulations of the walls subject to lateral loads caused by 100 mph winds (0.2 psi) and seismic events with a peak ground acceleration of 1 ''g'' (0.66 psi) yielded no failures with or without the ties. Simulations of wall displacement during the seismic scenarios showed that the wall with the ties resulted in a maximum displacement that was 20% less than the wall without the ties.

Quinones, Armando (Arquin Corporation, La Luz, NM); Bibeau, Tiffany A.; Ho, Clifford Kuofei

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Experimental results for diffusion and infiltration of moisture in concrete masonry walls exposed to hot and humid climates  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents experimental test results for heat and moisture migration in walls exposed to hot and humid climates. The research was conducted to study the problem of mold and mildew caused by moisture transfer into walls of concrete masonry unit (CMU) type construction by diffusion and convective transport by air infiltration. This type of construction is common in commercial buildings in the southern US. The tests were conducted in two phases. Phase 1 evaluated heat and moisture transfer by diffusion. Phase 2 testing involved air infiltration through the test walls. Data were also collected to determine the rate at which the test walls would dry out without infiltration present. Test results indicate that an exterior vapor retarder will reduce the moisture migration into the wall and thereby lower the moisture accumulation due to infiltration when a vapor retarder (such as vinyl wallpaper) is used for the interior surface treatment. Testing also showed that while the exterior wall treatment does have an effect on reducing the total moisture accumulation in the test walls, the interior wall treatment has a much larger impact when infiltration is present. The data support a proposed criterion for the onset of mold and mildew, which requires a monthly average surface relative humidity of 80% with temperatures between 32 F and 105 F.

Hosni, M.H.; Sipes, J.M.; Wallis, M.H.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A. SCOPE METHOD OF TEST FOR DETERMINING THEORETICAL MAXIMUM SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND DENSITY OF HOT MIX ASPHALT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This test method provides procedures for determining the theoretical maximum specific gravity (also known as Rice specific gravity) and density of uncompacted hot mix asphalt (HMA) at 77?F using the weighing in air method. A supplemental dry back procedure is provided for reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and for HMA where combined virgin aggregate water absorption is 2.0 % or more determined by California Test 206 and California Test 207. The theoretical maximum specific gravities and densities of HMA are intrinsic properties whose values are influenced by the composition of the mixtures in terms of types and amounts of aggregates and asphalt binder materials. They are: 1. Used to calculate values for percent air voids in compacted HMA. 2. Used to establish target values for the compaction of HMA. 3. Essential when calculating the amount of binder absorbed by the internal porosity of the individual aggregate particles in HMA. B. REFERENCES

C. Apparatus

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Experimental Study on Shear Fatigue Behavior and Stiffness Performance of Warm Mix Asphalt by adding Synthetic Wax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthetic waxes produced by standard and registered processes may be used to manufacture Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA), which is a modified asphalt concrete produced, applied and compacted at temperatures below those typically required. This feature leads to environmental benefits, such as reduced energy consumption, gas and fume emissions, as well as to economic/operational advantages, such as lower production costs and greater hauling distances for extended construction seasons with tighter schedules. The present article serves to compare the mechanical performance of a WMA produced by adding synthetic wax with a traditional Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) specimen, in terms of shear fatigue response and both complex and stiffness moduli. The experimental results and related modeling work demonstrate that adding synthetic wax into the WMA composition does not hinder either the destructive or non-destructive performance of an HMA, and this finding is corroborated by respectively measuring fatigue life and stiffness.

Christophe Petit; Anne Millien; Francesco Canestrari; Valter Pannunzio; Amadeo Virgili

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The use of sulfer modified bottom ash (SMBA) as an aggregate in asphaltic mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Of the 20 million tons of bottom ash and boiler slag generated annually in the United States less than 40 percent is used. The eastern half of Texas is served by 18 coal burning electric power generating plants which produce approximately 3.8 million tons of bottom ash each year. This is also the section of the state in which the sources of quality aggregates are either few. dwindling or nonexistent. While a small fraction of the bottom ash is utilized, the rest is delegated to landfills or on-site disposal areas. Increasing attention is being given to development of new, high-volume uses for this safe and readily available by-product. One such use is as an aggregate in road construction. The use of bottom ash as an aggregate for both roadway surfaces and base courses has been limited due to its absorbency and friability. The former tends to increase asphalt binder demand while the latter adversely affects its ability to withstand the crushing effects of traffic loads. On the other hand, bottom ash is lighter in weight and generally much cheaper than conventional quality aggregates such as limestone, sand and gavel. This research was designed to up-firade the load-bearing characteristics of bottom ash and maximize its use 'in asphaltic concrete roadway mixtures through the use of sulfur. The process essentially coats the ash with liquid sulfur which upon cooling fills the voids on the surface of the particles while increasing their crush resistance. The results of this investigation indicate that asphaltic concrete mix designs in which bottom ash represents from 5 0 to I 00 percent of the aggregate fraction can be achieved.

Chimakurthy, Harshavardhan

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Recycle of Wastes of Clay Brick Industry for Producing Eco-cement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work aims at recycling of the solid wastes of clay brick industry (WCB) in the manufacture of blended cement. The various characteristics of collected samples of the waste were determined. WCB was ground to different surface areas. Different mixes were designed from the WCB and ordinary Portland cement (OPC). After adding the required amount of water for each mix, the pastes were moulded in 5x5x5cm3 mould. The initial and final setting time were measured. The moulded specimens were cured at room temperature for 24hr, then demoulded and cured at water for the required testing time. The compressive strength for the hardened specimens was measured. The kinetic of the reaction was followed by determining free lime and chemically combined water contents. The obtained results were compared with OPC and different types of blended cement already existing in the market. The results clearly illustrate the suitability of WCB for the production of series of different types of blended cement (green products) having great impact on the energy saving moreover decreasing carbon dioxide content released during cement industry .

Amin, A. M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Development of a Prediction Model for Skid Resistance of Asphalt Pavements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The skid resistance of asphalt pavement is a major characteristic that determines the driving safety on a road, especially under wet surface conditions. Skid resistance is primarily a function of the microtexture and macrotexture of a pavement surface. Microtexture is influenced by aggregate surface characteristics and is required to disrupt the continuity of surface water film and attain frictional resistance between the tire and the pavement surface. Macrotexture is affected mostly by mixture design or aggregate gradation and contributes to skid resistance by providing drainage paths of water that can be otherwise trapped between a tire and a pavement surface. The increase in macrotexture contributes to preventing hydroplaning and improving wet frictional resistance, particularly at high speeds. While much research has been conducted in the past to identify material factors that affect skid resistance, there is still a need to develop a model for predicting asphalt pavement skid resistance as a function of mixture characteristics and traffic level. The purpose of this study was to develop such a model based on extensive laboratory experiments and field measurements involving different mixture types and aggregate sources. The model incorporates functions that describe the resistance of aggregates to polishing and aggregate size distribution. The aggregate resistance to polishing was quantified by measuring aggregate texture using the Aggregate Imaging System (AIMS) before and after polishing in the Micro-Deval device. The analysis in this dissertation demonstrates how this model can be used to design mixtures and classify aggregates that provide desirable skid resistance levels.

Rezaei, Arash

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Physical stability of asphalt emulsion admix seal radon barrier for uranium mill tailings  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory, is investigating the use of an asphalt emulsion admix seal to reduce the release of radon from uranium mill tailings. A key requirement of any cover system is its long-term stability; the cover must withstand failure over very long periods of time. An important determinant of overall cover system stability is the integrity of the 6.35-cm (2.5-in.) thick asphalt admix seal. Therefore, the physical stability of this seal was examined. The investigation considered the mechanical interaction between the tailings pile and cover. The potential effect of differential settlement of the tailings pile on the integrity of the seal system was also examined. Results indicate that the minimum span length the seal could withstand without failing is 0.34 m (1.1 ft). This assumes a differential settlement of 4.92 cm (1.94 in.) at the center resulting from the application of a 0.76-m (2.5-ft) cover. At spans greater than 0.60 m (1.97 ft), no tensile strain would develop.

Gates, T.E.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

A test program to determine the structural properties of unreinforced hollow clay tile masonry walls at the DOE Oak Ridge plants  

SciTech Connect

A recent Department of Energy (DOE) General Design Criteria'' has emphasized the importance of determining the adequacy and safety of both new and existing facilities to natural phenomenon hazards. Many of the buildings at the DOE Oak Ridge facilities are constructed with unreinforced masonry hollow clay tile infill walls -- in some cases these walls comprise a substantial part of the lateral force resistance for a building. In order to perform a realistic assessment of the strength of the buildings to seismic events it is important to accurately predict the behavior of these walls. Very little information is currently available on hollow clay tile masonry, its structural properties and behavior. As the in-situ condition of these walls throughout the plants is suspect due to their age and exposure to numerous chemicals, a test program was initiated at the Oak Ridge plants to obtain material properties for use in the natural phenomena hazards analysis. This paper presents the preliminary results of that testing program. The following tests on clay-tile walls, units, and panels were performed: (1) in-situ mortar bed shear strength, (2) compression strength, (3) splitting tensile strength, and (4) diagonal tension (shear) strength of panels which had been removed from existing walls. The testing program is ongoing, is being expanded, and will include not only in-plane tests, but out-of-plane bending testing as well. 11 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Fricke, K.E.; Jones, W.D.

1989-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

126

Excess Foundry Sand Characterization and Experimental Investigation in Controlled Low-Strength Material and Hot-Mixing Asphalt  

SciTech Connect

This report provides technical data regarding the reuse of excess foundry sand. The report addresses three topics: a statistically sound evaluation of the characterization of foundry sand, a laboratory investigation to qualify excess foundry sand as a major component in controlled low-strength material (CLSM), and the identification of the best methods for using foundry sand as a replacement for natural aggregates for construction purposes, specifically in asphalt paving materials. The survival analysis statistical technique was used to characterize foundry sand over a full spectrum of general chemical parameters, metallic elements, and organic compounds regarding bulk analysis and leachate characterization. Not limited to characterization and environmental impact, foundry sand was evaluated by factor analyses, which contributes to proper selection of factor and maximization of the reuse marketplace for foundry sand. Regarding the integration of foundry sand into CLSM, excavatable CLSM and structural CLSM containing different types of excess foundry sands were investigated through laboratory experiments. Foundry sand was approved to constitute a major component in CLSM. Regarding the integration of foundry sand into asphalt paving materials, the optimum asphalt content was determined for each mixture, as well as the bulk density, maximum density, asphalt absorption, and air voids at Nini, Ndes, and Nmax. It was found that foundry sands can be used as an aggregate in hot-mix asphalt production, but each sand should be evaluated individually. Foundry sands tend to lower the strength of mixtures and also may make them more susceptible to moisture damage. Finally, traditional anti-stripping additives may decrease the moisture sensitivity of a mixture containing foundry sand, but not to the level allowed by most highway agencies.

Paul J. Tikalsky, Hussain U. Bahia, An Deng and Thomas Snyder

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Excess Foundry Sand Characterization and Experimental Investigation in Controlled Low-Strength Material and Hot-Mixing Asphalt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides technical data regarding the reuse of excess foundry sand. The report addresses three topics: (1) a statistically sound evaluation of the characterization of foundry sand, (2) a laboratory investigation to qualify excess foundry sand as a major component in controlled low-strength material (CLSM), and (3) the identification of the best methods for using foundry sand as a replacement for natural aggregates for construction purposes, specifically in asphalt paving materials. The survival analysis statistical technique was used to characterize foundry sand over a full spectrum of general chemical parameters, metallic elements, and organic compounds regarding bulk analysis and leachate characterization. Not limited to characterization and environmental impact, foundry sand was evaluated by factor analyses, which contributes to proper selection of factor and maximization of the reuse marketplace for foundry sand. Regarding the integration of foundry sand into CLSM, excavatable CLSM and structural CLSM containing different types of excess foundry sands were investigated through laboratory experiments. Foundry sand was approved to constitute a major component in CLSM. Regarding the integration of foundry sand into asphalt paving materials, the optimum asphalt content was determined for each mixture, as well as the bulk density, maximum density, asphalt absorption, and air voids at N{sub ini}, N{sub des}, and N{sub max}. It was found that foundry sands can be used as an aggregate in hot-mix asphalt production, but each sand should be evaluated individually. Foundry sands tend to lower the strength of mixtures and also may make them more susceptible to moisture damage. Finally, traditional anti-stripping additives may decrease the moisture sensitivity of a mixture containing foundry sand, but not to the level allowed by most highway agencies.

Pauul J. Tikalsky

2004-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

128

Modeling Hot Mix Asphalt Compaction Using a Thermodynamics Based Compressible Viscoelastic Model within the Framework of Multiple Natural Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hot mix asphalt (HMA) is a composite material that exhibits a nonlinear response that is dependent on temperature, type of loading and strain level. The properties of HMA are highly influenced by the type and amount of the constituents used and also depend on its internal structure. In such a material the variable effects of the compaction process assume a central importance in determining material performance. It is generally accepted that the theoretical knowledge about material behavior during compaction is limited and it is therefore hard to predict and manage (the effect of) a compaction process. This work makes an attempt to address such a specific need by developing a continuum model that can be adapted for simulating the compaction of hot mix asphalt (HMA) using the notion of multiple natural configurations. A thermodynamic framework is employed to study the non-linear dissipative response associated with HMA by specifying the forms for the stored energy and the rate of dissipation function for the material; a viscoelastic compressible fluid model is developed using this framework to model the compaction of hot mix asphalt. It is further anticipated that the present work will aid in the development of better constitutive models capable of capturing the mechanics of processes like compaction both in the laboratory and in the field. The continuum model developed was implemented in the finite element method, which was employed to setup a simulation environment for hot mix asphalt compaction. The finite element method was used for simulating compaction in the laboratory and in various field compaction projects.

Koneru, Saradhi

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.4 Environmental Data  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Characteristics of U.S. Construction Waste - Two to seven tons of waste (a rough average of 4 pounds of waste per square foot) are generated during the construction of a new single-family detached house. - 15 to 70 pounds of hazardous waste are generated during the construction of a detached, single-family house. Hazardous wastes include paint, caulk, roofing cement, aerosols, solvents, adhesives, oils, and greases. - Each year, U.S. builders produce between 30 and 35 million tons of construction, renovation, and demolition (C&D) waste. - Annual C&D debris accounts for roughly 24% of the municipal solid waste stream. - Wastes include wood (27% of total) and other (73% of total, including cardboard and paper; drywall/plaster; insulation; siding; roofing; metal; concrete, asphalt, masonry, bricks, and dirt rubble; waterproofing materials; and

130

Consultants Handbook Office of the University Architect Engineering Utilities and Construction 32 1216 Asphalt Paving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asphalt pavements on the main campus are to be surfaced with hot-mix asphalt concrete. Reference: The principle reference for materials and methods is the "Indiana Department of Transportation Standard Specifications, " latest edition (INDOT). Installation Methods: All installation and sub-grade preparation methods shall conform to the appropriate section of the INDOT Spec. Unsuitable sub-grade material shall be removed and replaced with compacted suitable material or covered with appropriate construction grade fabric prior to subbase installation. Tack coat will be used only when overlayment of existing asphalt concrete must be postponed longer than five months. Light Duty Pavement: Description: One and a quarter inch (1.25") of compacted top on top of two inches (2") of compacted binder on top of four inches (4") of compacted type #53 granular sub-base. Uses: Pedestrian walks with minimal vehicular traffic expected and no emergency vehicles planned. Medium Duty Pavement: Description: One and half inches (1.5") of compacted top surface on top of three inches (3") of compacted binder on top of eight inch (8") of compacted Type #53 granular sub-base. Uses: Pedestrian walks with moderate vehicular use expected or for use as planned emergency access. Parking areas with no mass transit vehicles using driving lanes. Service drives Roads without constant, heavy vehicular traffic.

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The Effects of Using Alkali-Silica Reaction Affected Recycled Concrete Aggregate in Hot Mix Asphalt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of using alkali-silica reaction (ASR) affected recycled concrete aggregate (ASR-RCA) in hot mix asphalt (HMA) were investigated in this study. Dilatometer and modified beam tests were performed to determine the possibility of new ASR occurring in reactive aggregates within the HMA or re-expansion of existing gel. The Lottman test and micro-calorimeter were used to determine the moisture susceptibility of HMA made with ASR-RCA. A differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) with thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was used to evaluate the drying of an artificial gel and x-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to check for the potential presence of gel in the filler fraction of the ASR-RCAs. Micro-deval and freeze-thaw tests were evaluated for their potential to indicate the presence of excess micro-cracks or ASR gel. Expansion testing indicated that both ASR-RCAs were still reactive with 0.5 N NaOH solution saturated with calcium hydroxide (CH) at 60 degrees C. Dilatometer testing of HMA specimens in NaOH CH solution at 60 degrees C indicated a reaction between the asphalt binder and the solution, but little, if any, ASR. The lack of expansion in the modified beam test supports the binder-solution interaction. However, dilatometer testing in deicer solution at the same temperature indicated that some ASR may have occurred along with the primary binder-solution interaction. The volume change characteristics associated with the binder-solution interaction with and without ASR was supported by the change in pH and alkali concentration of the test solution. DSC/TGA testing indicated that the artificial gel dehydrated at approximately 100 degrees C. XRD analysis of the filler indicated that some gel may have accumulated in this fraction. Moisture damage testing indicated good resistance to moisture damage by HMA mixtures made with ASR-RCA especially compared to a virgin siliceous aggregate. Micro-deval and freeze-thaw tests can detect the presence of micro-cracks due to ASR in ASR-RCAs as higher mass loss than the virgin aggregate. The potential distress mechanisms that may occur when using ASR-RCA in an HMA pavement were identified. Results obtained using accelerated laboratory conditions were extrapolated based on anticipated field conditions. Guidelines for the mitigation of potential distresses in HMA made with ASR-RCA are presented.

Geiger, Brian James

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Technical and economic feasibility of thermal energy storage. Thermal energy storage application to the brick/ceramic industry. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An initial project to study the technical and economic feasibility of thermal energy storage (TES) in the three major consumer markets, namely, the residential, commercial and industrial sectors is described. A major objective of the study was to identify viable TES applications from which a more concise study could be launched, leading to a conceptual design and in-depth validation of the TES energy impacts. This report documents one such program. The brick/ceramic industries commonly use periodic kilns which by their operating cycle require time-variant energy supply and consequently variable heat rejection. This application was one of the numerous TES opportunities that emerged from the first study, now available from the ERDA Technical Information Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, identified as Report No. COO-2558-1.

Glenn, D.R.

1976-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

A novel technique for the production of cool colored concrete tile and asphalt shingle roofing products  

SciTech Connect

The widespread use of solar-reflective roofing materials can save energy, mitigate urban heat islands and slow global warming by cooling the roughly 20% of the urban surface that is roofed. In this study we created prototype solar-reflective nonwhite concrete tile and asphalt shingle roofing materials using a two-layer spray coating process intended to maximize both solar reflectance and factory-line throughput. Each layer is a thin, quick-drying, pigmented latex paint based on either acrylic or a poly(vinylidene fluoride)/acrylic blend. The first layer is a titanium dioxide rutile white basecoat that increases the solar reflectance of a gray-cement concrete tile from 0.18 to 0.79, and that of a shingle surfaced with bare granules from 0.06 to 0.62. The second layer is a 'cool' color topcoat with weak near-infrared (NIR) absorption and/or strong NIR backscattering. Each layer dries within seconds, potentially allowing a factory line to pass first under the white spray, then under the color spray. We combined a white basecoat with monocolor topcoats in various shades of red, brown, green and blue to prepare 24 cool color prototype tiles and 24 cool color prototypes shingles. The solar reflectances of the tiles ranged from 0.26 (dark brown; CIELAB lightness value L* = 29) to 0.57 (light green; L* = 76); those of the shingles ranged from 0.18 (dark brown; L* = 26) to 0.34 (light green; L* = 68). Over half of the tiles had a solar reflectance of at least 0.40, and over half of the shingles had a solar reflectance of at least 0.25.

Levinson, Ronnen; Akbari, Hashem; Berdahl, Paul; Wood, Kurt; Skilton, Wayne; Petersheim, Jerry

2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

134

Utilize Cementitious High Carbon Fly Ash (CHCFA) to Stabilize Cold In-Place Recycled (CIR) Asphalt Pavement as Base Coarse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of cementitious high carbon fly ash (CHCFA) stabilized recycled asphalt pavement as a base course material in a real world setting. Three test road cells were built at MnROAD facility in Minnesota. These cells have the same asphalt surface layers, subbases, and subgrades, but three different base courses: conventional crushed aggregates, untreated recycled pavement materials (RPM), and CHCFA stabilized RPM materials. During and after the construction of the three cells, laboratory and field tests were carried out to characterize the material properties. The test results were used in the mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide (MEPDG) to predict the pavement performance. Based on the performance prediction, the life cycle analyses of cost, energy consumption, and greenhouse gasses were performed. The leaching impacts of these three types of base materials were compared. The laboratory and field tests showed that fly ash stabilized RPM had higher modulus than crushed aggregate and RPM did. Based on the MEPDG performance prediction, the service life of the Cell 79 containing fly ash stabilized RPM, is 23.5 years, which is about twice the service life (11 years) of the Cell 77 with RPM base, and about three times the service life (7.5 years) of the Cell 78 with crushed aggregate base. The life cycle analysis indicated that the usage of the fly ash stabilized RPM as the base of the flexible pavement can significantly reduce the life cycle cost, the energy consumption, the greenhouse gases emission. Concentrations of many trace elements, particularly those with relatively low water quality standards, diminish over time as water flows through the pavement profile. For many elements, concentrations below US water drinking water quality standards are attained at the bottom of the pavement profile within 2-4 pore volumes of flow.

Wen, Haifang; Li, Xiaojun; Edil, Tuncer; O'Donnell, Jonathan; Danda, Swapna

2011-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

135

The HPC Brick Wall  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The eventual breakdown of Moores law, global warming and taxes seem to elicit much the same response: painful but inevitable. Future technologies promise solutions to keep life and progress as we know it continuing unchanged. New materials, manufacturing processes, more cores per chip, nanotechnology, quantum computing, optical computing all are lauded with promising new breakthroughs to sustain or exceed the performance increases projected by Moores Law. Similarly, carbon sequestration, more efficient cars, hydrogen, solar power, all promise solutions to human induced climate change. Sadly tax technology appears to be the exception, with no promising breakthroughs in the offing except perhaps greater efficiency in filing and auditing.

Farber, Rob

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Electrochemical assessment and service-life prediction of mechanically stabilized earth walls backfilled with crushed concrete and recycled asphalt pavement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Mechanically Stabilized Earth (MSE) wall is a vertical grade separation that uses earth reinforcement extending laterally from the wall to take advantage of earth pressure to reduce the required design strength of the wall. MSE wall systems are often prefabricated to reduce construction time, thus improving constructability when compared with conventionally cast-in-place reinforced wall systems. However, there is a lack of knowledge for predicting the service-life of MSE retaining wall systems when recycled backfill materials such as Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP) and Crushed Concrete (CC) are used instead of Conventional Fill Material (CFM). The specific knowledge missing is how these recycled materials, when used as backfill in MSE wall systems, affects the corrosion rate of the reinforcing strips. This work addresses this knowledge gap by providing recommendations for MSE wall systems backfilled with CC or RAP, and provides a guide to predict the service-life based on corrosion rate test data obtained from embedding steel and galvanized-steel earth reinforcing strips embedded in MSE wall systems backfilled with CC, RAP, and CFM. Experimental data from samples emulating MSE wall systems with steel and galvanized-steel reinforcing strips embedded in CC and RAP were compared to samples with strips embedded in CFM. The results of the testing provide data and methodologies that may, depending on the environmental exposure conditions, justify the use of RAP and CC for the construction of MSE walls. If these backfill materials are obtained from the construction site, this could provide a significant cost savings during construction.

Esfeller, Michael Watts, Jr.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

SOLAR HEATING OF TANK BOTTOMS Application of Solar Heating to Asphaltic and Parrafinic Oils Reducing Fuel Costs and Greenhouse Gases Due to Use of Natural Gas and Propane  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The sale of crude oil requires that the crude meet product specifications for BS&W, temperature, pour point and API gravity. The physical characteristics of the crude such as pour point and viscosity effect the efficient loading, transport, and unloading of the crude oil. In many cases, the crude oil has either a very high paraffin content or asphalt content which will require either hot oiling or the addition of diluents to the crude oil to reduce the viscosity and the pour point of the oil allowing the crude oil to be readily loaded on to the transport. Marginal wells are significantly impacted by the cost of preheating the oil to an appropriate temperature to allow for ease of transport. Highly paraffinic and asphaltic oils exist throughout the D-J basin and generally require pretreatment during cold months prior to sales. The current study addresses the use of solar energy to heat tank bottoms and improves the overall efficiency and operational reliability of stripper wells.

Eugene A. Fritzler

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Contributions to an Improved Oxygen and Thermal Transport Model and Development of Fatigue Analysis Software for Asphalt Pavements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fatigue cracking is one primary distress in asphalt pavements, dominant especially in later years of service. Prediction of mixture fatigue resistance is critical for various applications, e.g., pavement design and preventative maintenance. The goal of this work was to develop a tool for prediction of binder aging level and mixture fatigue life in pavement from unaged binder/mixture properties. To fulfill this goal, binder oxidation during the early fast-rate period must be understood. In addition, a better hourly air temperature model is required to provide accurate input for the pavement temperature prediction model. Furthermore, a user-friendly software needs to be developed to incorporate these findings. Experiments were conducted to study the carbonyl group formation in one unmodified binder (SEM 64-22) and one polymer-modified binder (SEM 70-22), aged at five elevated temperatures. Data of SEM 64-22, especially at low temperatures, showed support for a parallel-reaction model, one first order reaction and one zero order reaction. The model did not fit data of SEM 70-22. The polymer modification of SEM 70-22 might be responsible for this discrepancy. Nonetheless, more data are required to draw a conclusion. Binder oxidation rate is highly temperature dependent. Hourly air temperature data are required as input for the pavement temperature prediction model. Herein a new pattern-based air temperature model was developed to estimate hourly data from daily data. The pattern is obtained from time series analysis of measured data. The new model yields consistently better results than the conventional sinusoidal model. The pavement aging and fatigue analysis (PAFA) software developed herein synthesizes new findings from this work and constant-rate binder oxidation and hardening kinetics and calibrated mechanistic approach with surface energy (CMSE) fatigue analysis algorithm from literature. Input data include reaction kinetics parameters, mixture test results, and pavement temperature. Carbonyl area growth, dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) function hardening, and mixture fatigue life decline are predicted as function of time. Results are plotted and saved in spreadsheets.

Jin, Xin

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Development of statistical wet weather model to evaluate frictional properties at the pavement-tire interface on hot mix asphalt concrete  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Skid resistance on wet pavements is influenced by friction at the tire-pavement interface as well as overall hot mix asphalt (HMA) performance. It is important to control aggregate, asphalt, and mix properties to achieve desirable frictional properties on HMA during its service life. Aggregate consensus and source properties influence frictional properties at the surface as well as aggregate matrix properties that affect overall skid performance. Thus, it is important to identify and control these properties through an effective testing and monitoring program. Research studies have indicated that current testing protocol for pre-qualification of aggregates being used by DOT's is tenuous and needs definitive evaluation. The validity of some tests currently being used for pre-qualification of aggregates is being questioned due to poor field correlation. Thus, there is a need for upgrading current testing criteria and aggregate classification system in view of new techniques that can be used either as replacements and/or supplements to current tests. This study, a part of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) current research program to evaluate inadequacies of current tests to skid performance, focuses on tests evaluating aggregate shape and distribution parameters. In this study, a wet weather test selection criteria was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of current and new testing techniques to monitor aggregate shape, texture, and distribution characteristics. Extensive tests were conducted on forty aggregates selected from TxDOT Quality Material Catalogue covering various parts of U.S.A. Fine aggregates tests including the Uncompacted Void Content, the Compacted Aggregate Resistance, the Methylene Blue, and the Particle Size Analysis were performed to evaluate angularity, texture, and distribution characteristics within fine aggregates. Flat and elongated tests on coarse aggregates were also performed using both conventional and automated techniques to analyze shape and size distribution characteristics. A statistical analysis was performed to select tests that would enable monitoring of aggregate shape and distribution properties enhancing skid performance. The evaluation criteria were based upon a sensitivity and correlation analysis to evaluate consistency, reproducibility, and ability of tests to effectively discern aggregates with good and marginal performance.

Bedi, Harpreet

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Scaling Hard Vertical Surfaces with Compliant Microspine Arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach for climbing hard vertical surfaces has been developed that allows a robot to scale concrete, stucco, brick and masonry walls without using suction or adhesives.The approach is inspired by the mechanisms observed in some climbing insects ... Keywords: bio-inspired, climbing, legged locomation, spines

Alan T. Asbeck; Sangbae Kim; M. R. Cutkosky; William R. Provancher; Michele Lanzetta

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

JEBYNPROJEKTET -ekologisk produktion av livsmedel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/Composite Other Inorganic (a) Inerts (I) Rocks (2) Concrete (3) Brick (4) Soil & Fines (5) Asphalt (6) Gypsum crew. Therefore, it is important to establish a "buddy system" where waste sorters are grouped leader may program the scales accordingly. 343 When a sorter has a question regarding the material type

142

Integrated Materials and Construction Practices (IMCP) for Concrete Pavement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stainless steels: AlSl 302 8055 480 15.1 3.91 17.3 20.0 22.8 25.4 512 559 585 606 AlSl 304 1670 7900 477 14 and rubber pad -- -- -- 1.38 0.217 Tile (asphalt, linoleum, vinyl) -- -- -- 1.26 0.009 Masonry Materials.1 -- -- expanded shale, clay, or slate; 1600 0.79 0.84 -- expanded slags; cinders; 1280 0.54 0.84 -- pumice

143

Waste Management Programmes in Response to Large Disasters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a ...the re-use of materials salvaged from damaged buildings should be promoted where feasible, either as primary construction materials (bricks or stone masonry, roof timber, roof tiles, etc.) or as secondary material (rubble for foundations or levelling roads, etc.). SPHERE Handbook, Shelter and Settlement, Standard 5: Construction, Guidance note 1, 2004 ...the production and supply of construction material and the building process minimises the long-term depletion of natural resources.

Joseph Ashmore; Maoya Bassiouni; Martin Bjerregard; Tom Corsellis; Igor Fedotov; Heiner Gloor

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Stack Characterization System for Inspection of Contaminated Off-Gas Stacks  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Tennessee Florida Stack Characterization System for Inspection of Contaminated Off-Gas Stacks Challenge As part of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Central Campus Closure Project, the Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) Program must demolish the central gaseous waste system and associated facilities including the off-gas stacks and systems. These stacks range from 75 feet to 250 feet tall. Stacks are made of steel reinforced concrete with brick liners or unreinforced radial brick masonry with varying brick sizes and an acid-proof lining. Since being built in the 1950s, the central gaseous waste collection system has received no upgrades and minimal repair with some stacks now unsafe to access even for routine inspection.

145

Product Supplied for Asphalt and Road Oil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Data may not add to ...

146

Asphalt, Concrete, and Turf Maintenance and Preservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. These tools are: Pavement management programs. A pavement management system is the name given to one in a serviceable condition over a given period of time. One of the primary benefits of a pavement management system maintenance treatment at any time. The large variation in system size and pavement type across the state

Minnesota, University of

147

Technology meets aggregate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New technology carried out at Tufts University and the University of Massachusetts on synthetic lightweight aggregate has created material from various qualities of fly ash from coal-fired power plants for use in different engineered applications. In pilot scale manufacturing tests an 'SLA' containing 80% fly ash and 20% mixed plastic waste from packaging was produced by 'dry blending' mixed plastic with high carbon fly ash. A trial run was completed to produce concrete masonry unit (CMU) blocks at a full-scale facility. It has been shown that SLA can be used as a partial substitution of a traditional stone aggregate in hot asphalt mix. 1 fig., 2 photos.

Wilson, C.; Swan, C. [INNERT Co. (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Quantifying potential industrial symbiosis : a case study of brick manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Humanity is currently on an unsustainable path of growth and development. One tool to address sustainability in industrial activities is Industrial Symbiosis, which is the study of cooperation across industry boundaries ...

Hodge, Matthew M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Study on Solidification/Sintering Brick Making with EMD Residue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing a Collaborative System for Socio-Environmental Management of ... Oils Post-Consumption Residential and Commercial Clay with Two Brazilian.

150

Using Ornamental Rock Waste in the Manufacture of Pressed Brick ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is a major producer of rock trimmest, with its production destined largely for export. ... Application of Electrospun Gas Diffusion Nanofibre-membranes in the...

151

Brick-and-Mortar Self-Assembly Approach to Mesoporous ...  

High-temperature thermal treatments above ... limiting their applications in electric double-layer capacitors and in lithium-ion ... Development Stage Availability

152

56th & Walnut - A Philly Gut Rehab Development  

SciTech Connect

Load-bearing brick-masonry multifamily buildings are prevalent in urban areas across much of the Northeast and mid-Atlantic. In most instances, these buildings are uninsulated unless they have been renovated within the past two decades. Affordable housing capital budgets typically limit what can be spent and energy improvements often take a back seat to basic capital improvements such as interior finish upgrades and basic repairs. The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings is researching cost-effective solution packages for significant energy efficiency and indoor air-quality improvements in these urban buildings.

Puttagunta, S.; Faakye, O.; Zoeller, W.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Evaluation of moisture damage within asphalt concrete mixes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pavements are a major part of the infrastructure in the United States. Moisture damage of these pavements is a significant problem. To predict and prevent this kind of moisture damage a great deal of research has been performed on this issue in past. This study validates an analytical approach based on surface energy aimed at assessing moisture damage. Two types of bitumen and three aggregates are evaluated in the study. The two types of bitumen represent very different chemical extremes and the three aggregates (a limestone, siliceous gravel, and granite) represent a considerable range in mineralogy. Moisture damage was monitered as a change in dynamic modulus with load cycles. The analysis demonstrates the need to consider mixture compliance as well as bond energy in order to predict moisture damage. Mixtures with the two types of bitumen and each aggregate with and without hydrated lime were evaluated. The hydrated lime substantially improved the resistance of the mixture to moisture damage.

Shah, Brij D.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Full-Depth Pavement Reclamation with Foamed Asphalt: Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paramount, and Valero refineries ? Graniterock Company andfrom three different refineries in California. Details ongrades (64-10 and 64-16). Refinery A: PG64-16, PG64-10 and

Jones, David; Fu, P.; Harvey, John T; Halles, F.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Asphalt landscape after all : residual suburban surface as public infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis proposes a hybridized commercial retail strip inserted into a residual suburban condition as a manner of investigating the latent potential of suburban logic, both its constituent elements and its formal rules ...

O'Connor, Joseph Michael, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

U.S. Asphalt and Road Oil Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil stocks in the ...

157

Asphalt and Road Oil Bulk Terminal Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil stocks in the ...

158

Asphalt and Road Oil Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 View History; U ...

159

Full-Depth Pavement Reclamation with Foamed Asphalt: Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of different crude oil sources and the refining techniquesas a differentiation of the oil source. Performance gradeto different crude oil sources, different refining

Jones, David; Fu, P.; Harvey, John T; Halles, F.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Refinery Net Production of Asphalt and Road Oil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

La. Gulf Coast: 519: 530: 550: 558: 1,015: 683: 2005-2013: N. La., Ark: 1,171: 1,036: 994: 892: 921: 1,047: 2005-2013: New Mexico: 121: 153: 115: 184: ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

November 14, 2012 Jack Hayes Materials and Structural ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 5. Reinforced Masonry shear wall modeling and ... identified the reinforced masonry provisions as ... when dealing with partially grouted walls. ...

2012-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

162

Project Brief: University of California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... TOOLS FOR REINFORCED MASONRY SHEAR-WALL STRUCTURES. ... resistance design of shear walls in reinforced masonry buildings, and ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

163

Experimental and analytical investigation of the seismic performance of low-rise masonry veneer buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linderman, R.R. , Narrow plywood shear panels, Earthquakeracking behavior of plywood, OSB, gypsum, and fiberbondof sheathing type, i.e. , plywood versus wafer board, on the

Okail, Hussein

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Design of structurally-sound masonry buildings using 3D static analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the design of buildings, structural analysis is traditionally performed after the aesthetic design has been determined and has little in uence on the overall form. This thesis presents methods to integrate architectural ...

Whiting, Emily Jing Wei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Blast simulator wall tests : experimental methods and mitigation strategies for reinforced concrete and concrete Masonry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluid Dynamics CFRP Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer CMUwalls strengthened with carbon fiber reinforced polymerthat the addition of carbon fiber reinforced polymers can

Oesterle, Michael G.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Non-laminated FRP Strap Elements for Reinforced Concrete, Timber and Masonry Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a role in a wide range of civil, structural and mechanical applications. These elements could be used as individual stand-alone components e.g. as rock anchors or composite connection rods for pumps or combustion engines (Winistrfer and Mottram... and wood but rather supplement them as called for. This remains an important observation in that we must look to take advantage of the properties of any given material to develop advanced systems. So in the same way that a FRP strap needs...

Lees, Janet M.; Winistrfer, A. U.

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

167

Analytical and experimental study of seismic performance of reinforced concrete frames infilled with masonry walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Urbana-Champaign. IL. ASCE/SEI 7-05 (2006). Minimumfor Buildings and Other Structures. ASCE, Reston, Va.ASCE/SEI 41-06. (2006). Seismic Rehabilitation of existing

Stavridis, Andreas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

World petroleum-derived sulfur production  

SciTech Connect

Research efforts in new uses for sulfur, among them those of the Sulfur Development Institute of Canada, have resulted in the development of several new product markets. Petroleum and natural gas derived sulfurs are finding use as asphalt extenders in road construction throughout North America and as concrete extenders and substitutes for Portland cement in the construction industries of Mexico and the Middle East. Their use in masonry blocks is now being commercialized. Canada is the world's largest producer of commercial sulfur; 80% of it is used as a processing chemical in the form of sulfuric acid. Saudi Arabia, recently having begun to commercialize its vast resources, is constructing plants for the extraction of sulfur from natural gas and plans to export between 6 and 7 x 10/sup 5/ tons annually, much of it for fertilizer manufacture to India, Tunisia, Italy, Pakistan, Greece, Morocco, and Thailand.

Cantrell, A.

1982-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

169

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.4 Environmental Data  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 "Typical" Construction Waste Estimated for a 2,000-Square-Foot Home (1) Material Solid Sawn Wood 20% 6 Engineered Wood 18% 5 Drywall 25% 6 Cardboard (OCC) 8% 20 Metals 2% 1 Vinyl (PVC) (3) 2% 1 Masonry (4) 13% 1 Hazardous Materials 1% - Other 13% 11 Total (5) 100% 50 Note(s): Source(s): 1) See Table 2.2.7 for materials used in the construction of a new single-family home. 2) Volumes are highly variable due to compressibility and captured air space in waste materials. 3) Assuming 3 sides of exterior clad in vinyl siding. 4) Assuming a brick veneer on home's front facade. 5) Due to rounding, sum does not add up to total. NAHB's Internet web site, www.nahb.org, Residential Construction Waste: From Disposal to Management, Oct. 1996. 150 150 1,000 50 1,050 8,000

170

Date Stamped/Typed Centered  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-C 3-C NEPA ID No.: PXP-10-0007 Demolition of Buildings 11-10 and 11-30 Application of DOE NEPA Procedure: Categorical Exclusion B1.23, Applicable to Facility Operations (10 CFR Part 1021, Subpart D, Appendix B), applies to the proposed activity described below. Rationale: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), proposes to demolish Buildings 11-10 and 11-30 at the Pantex Plant. The overall objectives are to reduce Plant maintenance costs and reduce the Pantex Plant footprint by 3,144 square feet. Building 11-10 is approximately 929 square feet, single story, slab on grade, brick structure with a shingle roof. The interior of the building consists of only two rooms separated by a masonry wall. An asbestos

171

Passive solar construction handbook  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many of the basic elements of passive solar design are reviewed. The unique design constraints presented in passive homes are introduced and many of the salient issues influencing design decisions are described briefly. Passive solar construction is described for each passive system type: direct gain, thermal storage wall, attached sunspace, thermal storage roof, and convective loop. For each system type, important design and construction issues are discussed and case studies illustrating designed and built examples of the system type are presented. Construction details are given and construction and thermal performance information is given for the materials used in collector components, storage components, and control components. Included are glazing materials, framing systems, caulking and sealants, concrete masonry, concrete, brick, shading, reflectors, and insulators. The Load Collector Ratio method for estimating passive system performance is appended, and other analysis methods are briefly summarized. (LEW)

Levy, E.; Evans, D.; Gardstein, C.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Converting mill buildings into housing : ways of working with brick walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mill buildings of New England add a unique dimension to the heritage and identity of the region. Today some of these buildings continue to function as the site of industry, others have been converted to commercial or ...

Pressman, Paul

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A BioBrick compatible strategy for genetic modification of plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ogy. Local-scale design of food plants, in which the growerfood, fuel, medicine, and materials. Standardized methods advocated by the synthetic biology community can accelerate the plant design

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Fluorination of "brick and mortar" soft-templated graphitic ordered mesoporous carbons for high  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compared to standard OMCs, making these ideal candidates for supercapacitor and rechargeable Li-ion battery

Geohegan, David B.

175

BglBrick vectors and datasheets; a synthetic biology platform for gene expression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and datasheets: A synthetic biology platform for genepart by the Synthetic Biology Engineering Research Center,94720, USA. 6 Synthetic Biology Engineering Research Center,

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Design of fuel efficient brick kiln for ceramic water filter firing in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ceramic water filters are currently produced in Ghana in order to provide a household solution to contaminated water. These filters, locally branded with the name Kosim filter by originating from Potters for Peace-Nicaragua, ...

Adjorlolo, Eric (Eric James Kofi)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

BglBrick vectors and datasheets; a synthetic biology platform for gene expression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bioremediation, and biofuel production [1-5]. Metabolicfor chemical or biofuel production, both of which frequently

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

THE FIRST RED BRICK UNIVERSITY THE UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL MAGAZINE FOR STAKEHOLDERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. C. Jefferies4 , 1 University of Lancaster, Lancaster, Lancashire, UK, 2 BNFL plc., Preston presenting paper. Session P1E BONE Chair: K. Wear FDA CDRH P1E-1 Segmentation of QUS Images of the Calcaneus

Atkinson, Katie

179

Encapsulation of phase change materials in concrete masonry construction. Progress report No. 1, August 1977--February 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The improvement of thermal energy storage capacity of potential building materials by incorporation of phase change materials (PCM's) is being explored. Both inorganic salt hydrates and organic systems are potentially useful PCM's for encapsulation in concrete, polymer concrete, and/or polymer-impregnated concrete matrices. It is felt at this time that most PCM's melting at or above 40/sup 0/C can be encapsulated in large quantities in polymer concrete. Methods relating to the encapsulation of lower melting materials in various matrices are currently being studied.

Sansone, M J

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Indoor airPLUS Construction Specifications Version 1 (Rev. 01...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STAR checklists now satisfies the following Indoor airPLUS requirements: * Finish all masonry and concrete walls (e.g., poured concrete, concrete masonry, insulated concrete...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Field Manual Headquarters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.. .............................................................. ..7-15 Roof Coverings ................................................................. 7-15 Asphalt. .................................................... 7-18 Reroofing ...................................................................... 7-19 Asphalt-Shingle Roofs ........................................................ 7-19 Asphalt-Prepared Roll Roofings

US Army Corps of Engineers

182

Remaining Sites Verification Package for the 100-B-18, 184-B Powerhouse Debris Pile, Waste Site Reclassification Form 2007-020  

SciTech Connect

The 100-B-18 Powerhouse Debris Pile contained miscellaneous demolition waste from the decommissioning activities of the 184-B Powerhouse. The debris covered an area roughly 15 m by 30 m and included materials such as concrete blocks, mixed aggregate/concrete slabs, stone rubble, asphalt rubble, traces of tar/coal, broken fluorescent lights, brick chimney remnants, and rubber hoses. In accordance with this evaluation, the verification sampling results support a reclassification of this site to Interim Closed Out. The results of verification sampling show that residual contaminant concentrations do not preclude any future uses and allow for unrestricted use of shallow zone soils. The results also demonstrate that residual contaminant concentrations are protective of groundwater and the Columbia River.

L. M. Dittmer

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

183

U.S. Refinery and Blender Net Production of Asphalt and Road ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

456: 410: 359: 2010's: 378: 363: 347-= No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

184

Weekly U.S. Ending Stocks of Asphalt and Road Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5; End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value; 2010-Jun: 06/04 : 28,571 : ...

185

standard, specification, or regulation. WASTE MATERIALS IN HOT MIX ASPHALT- AN OVERVIEW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors who are solely responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the offkial views and policies

Prithvi S. Kandhal; Prithvi S. Kandhala

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

U.S. Exports to Kazakhstan of Asphalt and Road Oil (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 2005: 1: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 2006: 0: 0: 2010: 0-

187

Strain Response of Hot-Mix Asphalt Overlays for Bottom-Up Reflective Cracking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the strain response of typical HMA overlays above jointed PCC slabs prone to bottom-up reflective cracking. The occurrence of reflective cracking under the combined effect of traffic and environmental loading significantly reduces the design life of the HMA overlays and can lead to its premature failure. In this context, viscoelastic material properties combined with cyclic vehicle loadings and pavement temperature distribution were implemented in a series of FE models in order to study the evolution of horizontal tensile and shear strains at the bottom of the HMA overlay. The effect of several design parameters, such as subbase and subgrade moduli, vehicle speed, overlay thickness, and temperature condition, on the horizontal and shear strain response was investigated. Results obtained show that the rate of horizontal and shear strain increase at the bottom of the HMA overlay drop with higher vehicle speed, higher subgrade modulus, and higher subbase modulus. Moreover, the rate of horizontal strain accumulation increases with higher overlay thickness. Although initial strain values were higher at positive pavement temperature distributions, the corresponding rate of strain increase were higher at negative pavement temperatures. Finally, an extrapolation of the strain history curve for various pavement design parameters was used to estimate the number of cycles for bottom-up crack initiation.

Ziad G. Ghauch; Grace G. Abou Jaoude

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

188

Investigation of Conditions for Moisture Damage in Asphalt Concrete and Appropriate Laboratory Test Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Administration. 75. Tandon, V. , Vemuri, N. , Nazarian, S. ,modulus test was poor (Tandon et al. 1997). The ECS was nothave been achieved yet (Tandon et al. 2004). The HWTD test

Harvey, John T; Lu, Qing

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Investigation of Conditions for Moisture Damage in Asphalt Concrete and Appropriate Laboratory Test Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highway Administration. Tandon, V. , Vemuri, N. , Nazarian,modulus test was poor (Tandon et al. 1997). The ECS was nothave been achieved yet (Tandon et al. 2004). The HWTD test

Lu, Qing

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

U.S. Exports to Indonesia of Asphalt and Road Oil (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 1: 1: 2: 1: 4: 0: 1: 2000's: 5: 2: 7: 1: 1: 3: 3: 3: 5: 8: ...

191

Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Asphalt and Road Oil Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil stocks in the ...

192

U.S. Product Supplied of Asphalt and Road Oil (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: 123,982: 136,241: 149,502: 155,136: 163,613: 170,285: 171,236: 165,164: 1990's ...

193

Investigation of Conditions for Moisture Damage in Asphalt Concrete and Appropriate Laboratory Test Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study of Moisture Damage Test Methods for Evaluatingart and Critical Review of Test Methods. NCAT Report No.Pavement Moisture-Damage Test. Transportation Research

Lu, Qing

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Investigation of Conditions for Moisture Damage in Asphalt Concrete and Appropriate Laboratory Test Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pavement Moisture-Damage Test. Transportation Researchgreater than five years. 6. Test sections may be necessaryand Parker, F. (1998). Test for Plastic Fines in Aggregates

Harvey, John T; Lu, Qing

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Surface roughness effects on the solar reflectance of cool asphalt shingles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using a standard solar spectrum as a weighting function. Inmeasured with a Solar Spectrum Reflectometer as discussed ina Devices & Services Solar Spectrum Reflectometer (SSR) set

Berdahl, Paul

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Surface roughness effects on the solar reflectance of cool asphalt shingles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in part supported by the California Energy Commission (CEC)by the University of California for the U. S. Dept. of

Berdahl, Paul

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Decontamination of surfaces by blasting with crystals of H{sub 2}O and CO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

A major mission of the US Department of Energy during the 1990s is site and environmental cleanup. In pursuit of this mission, numerous remediation projects are under way and many others are being planned at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In this report, tests using two proposed methods for decontaminating surfaces one using water ice crystals [Crystalline Ice Blast (CIB)], the other using dry ice crystals (CO{sub 2} Cleanblast{trademark}) -- are described. Both methods are adaptations of the commonly used sand blasting technology. The two methods tested differ from sand blasting in that the particles are not particularly abrasive and do not accumulate as particles in the wastes. They differ from each other in that the CO{sub 2} particles sublime during and after impact and the ice particles melt. Thus, the two demonstrations provide important information about two strong candidate decontamination methodologies. Each process was tested at ORNL using contaminated lead bricks and contaminated tools and equipment. Demonstrations with the prototype Crystalline Ice Blast and the CO{sub 2} Cleanblast systems showed that paint, grease, and oil can be removed from metal, plastic, asphalt, and concrete surfaces. Furthermore, removal of contamination from lead bricks was highly effective. Both processes were found to be less effective, under the conditions tested, with contaminated tools and equipment that had chemically bonded contamination or contamination located in crevices since neither technology abrades the substrates or penetrates deeply into crevices to remove particulates. Some process improvements are recommended.

Benson, C.E.; Parfitt, J.E.; Patton, B.D.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Marketing coal ash, slag, and sludge  

SciTech Connect

Investigates the selling of by-products of coal-fired power generation--fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and scrubber sludge--by utilities for use in highways, parking lots, cement, roofing, bricks, and blocks. Points out that the EPA has drafted tough new regulations for solid-waste storage, transportation, and disposal that may soon cost power plants $25-$40 a ton to dispose of wastes. Reports that the EPRI is studying high-volume by-product applications that have low technology requirements (e.g. fly ash for use in highways, parking lots, and utility construction) and medium-volume, medium-technology applications (e.g. by-products used for cement manufacture, asphalt, blocks, bricks, roofing granules, and wallboards). Reveals that EPRI plans to eventually identify a representative set of perhaps half a dozen basic fly ashes, characterize them, do proportion studies of existing concrete mixes (including those with fly ash in them), and then develop guidelines for fly ash proportions in concrete.

Lihach, N.; Golden, D.; Komai, R.; Maulbetsch, J.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Compressive strength of masonry (f{sub m}{prime}) for the Oak Ridge Y- 12 Plant, Hollow Clay Tile Walls  

SciTech Connect

Prism tests have been performed on the HCT walls. The three groups of data were treated as separate data points and averaged. The recommended effective compressive strengths for HCT walls are 735 psi for single wythe 6- and 8-in. walls, and 495 psi for the double wythe 13-in. walls.

Fricke, K.E.; Flanagan, R.D.

1995-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

200
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

EFFECTS OF AT ATOMIC EXPLOSION ON GROUP AND FAMILY TYPE SHELTERS  

SciTech Connect

Two underground shelters (50-man capacity), one open and one closed, were exposed to Apple I shot, and two were exposed to Apple H shot (at 1050 ft). Three basement exit shelters were exposed to Apple I shot at 1350 ft; four were exposed to Apple II shot, two at 1270 ft, and two at 1470 ft. Groups of three aboveground utility type shelters, one of masonry blocks, one of precast reinforced concrete, and one of poured-in-place reinforced concrete, were placed at concrete bathroom shelters were placed in rambler type houses at 2700 and 10500 ft from Apple II shot. Three types of basement shelters were constructed in two frame houses at 5500 and 7800 ft, and two types of basement shelters were constructed in two brick houses at 4700 and 10500 ft from the same burst. On neither shot was structural damage sustained by the large underground personnel shelters. Occupants of the closed shelter would not have been disturbed by blast, debris, or radiation. Damage to the basement exit shelters was inversely proportional to their distance from Ground Zero (GZ) and was directly proportional to the amount of opening in the entrance. The closed shelter at the greatest distance received the least damage but was not satisfactory as a personnel shelter at the lowest pressure tested. Utility shelters provided unsatisfactory protection from radiation. All indoor family type shelters were satisfactory as tested and would have provided adequate protection for occupants. (auth)

Vortman, L.J.

1955-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

BUILDING MATERIALS MADE FROM FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION BY-PRODUCTS  

SciTech Connect

Flue gas desulphurization (FGD) materials are produced in abundant quantities by coal burning utilities. Due to environmental restrains, flue gases must be ''cleaned'' prior to release to the atmosphere. They are two general methods to ''scrub'' flue gas: wet and dry. The choice of scrubbing material is often defined by the type of coal being burned, i.e. its composition. Scrubbing is traditionally carried out using a slurry of calcium containing material (slaked lime or calcium carbonate) that is made to contact exiting flue gas as either a spay injected into the gas or in a bubble tower. The calcium combined with the SO{sub 2} in the gas to form insoluble precipitates. Some plants have been using dry injection of these same materials or their own Class C fly ash to scrub. In either case the end product contains primarily hannebachite (CaSO{sub 3} {center_dot} 1/2H{sub 2}O) with smaller amounts of gypsum (CaSO{sub 4} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O). These materials have little commercial use. Experiments were carried out that were meant to explore the feasibility of using blends of hannebachite and fly ash mixed with concentrated sodium hydroxide to make masonry products. The results suggest that some of these mixtures could be used in place of conventional Portland cement based products such as retaining wall bricks and pavers.

Michael W. Grutzeck; Maria DiCola; Paul Brenner

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

203

Protocol for determination of chemical warfare agent simulant movement through porous media  

SciTech Connect

In the event of an unplanned release of chemical warfare agent during any phase of the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (CSDP), a (small) potential exists for contamination of buildings and materials used in their construction. Guidelines for unrestricted access to potentially agent-contaminated private and public property are presently undefined due to uncertainties regarding the adequacy of decontaminating porous surfaces such as wood, masonry and gypsum wall board. Persistent agents such as VX or mustard are particularly problematic. The report which follows documents a measurement protocol developed in a scoping investigation characterizing the permeation of chemical warfare agent simulants (diisopropylmethyl phosphonate (DIMP) for warfare agent GB, dimethylmethyl phosphonate (DMMP) for warfare agent VX and chlorethylethyl sulfide (CEES) for warfare agent sulfur mustard) through several, common porous, construction materials. The porous media'' selected for examination were wood, brick, cinder block, and gypsum wall board. Simulants were tested rather than actual warfare agents because of their low toxicity, commercial availability, and the lack of surety capability at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The present work is considered a protocol for confirmation testing with live'' agents.

Jenkins, R.A.; Buchanan, M.V.; Merriweather, R.; Ilgner, R.H.; Gayle, T.M.; Moneyhun, J.H.; Watson, A.P.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Protocol for determination of chemical warfare agent simulant movement through porous media  

SciTech Connect

In the event of an unplanned release of chemical warfare agent during any phase of the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (CSDP), a (small) potential exists for contamination of buildings and materials used in their construction. Guidelines for unrestricted access to potentially agent-contaminated private and public property are presently undefined due to uncertainties regarding the adequacy of decontaminating porous surfaces such as wood, masonry and gypsum wall board. Persistent agents such as VX or mustard are particularly problematic. The report which follows documents a measurement protocol developed in a scoping investigation characterizing the permeation of chemical warfare agent simulants [diisopropylmethyl phosphonate (DIMP) for warfare agent GB, dimethylmethyl phosphonate (DMMP) for warfare agent VX and chlorethylethyl sulfide (CEES) for warfare agent sulfur mustard] through several, common porous, construction materials. The ``porous media`` selected for examination were wood, brick, cinder block, and gypsum wall board. Simulants were tested rather than actual warfare agents because of their low toxicity, commercial availability, and the lack of surety capability at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The present work is considered a protocol for confirmation testing with ``live`` agents.

Jenkins, R.A.; Buchanan, M.V.; Merriweather, R.; Ilgner, R.H.; Gayle, T.M.; Moneyhun, J.H.; Watson, A.P.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Advance Testing Company Inc.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter. ... Practice for the Accreditation of Testing Agencies for Unit Masonry. ...

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

206

Project: TechBrief Guidance for Evaluated Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Special Reinforced Masonry Shear Walls: Areas to ... techniques, reinforcement design and anchorage, treatment of wall openings, diaphragm ...

2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

207

Comparison of concrete rheometers: International tests at ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Parainen (Finland): Erik Nordenswan Advanced Concrete and Masonry Centre, Paisley ... this mixture was designed to minimize the wall effects and ...

2002-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

208

Lance D. Harry, Jonathan S. Meltrer, Dominick L. Calciano ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... composite walls, concrete and masonry, and various finishing materials. Also, additional investigation into the strength of various wall components ...

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Full-Depth Pavement Reclamation with Foamed Asphalt: First-Level Analysis Report on HVS Testing on State Route 89  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Additional DCP and nuclear density tests were carried out onD16 N12 D21 DCP Nuclear density Cores Test pits Northboundduring which nuclear density, DCP and FWD tests were carried

Theyse, Hecter; Long, Fenella; Jones, David; Harvey, John T

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Assessment of seismic resistance of a basilica-type church under earthquake loading: Modelling and analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a finite element methodology for the static and dynamic non-linear analysis of historical masonry structures is described and applied to a case study. A basilica-type masonry church is analysed in order to assess its structural behaviour ... Keywords: Earthquake loading, FE modeling seismic vulnerability, Historical masonry building, Non-linear analysis, Strengthening techniques

Michele Betti; Andrea Vignoli

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

University of North Carolina at Charlotte Design and Construction Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Load Pavement section), Asphalt Shoulders, and associated site improvement in accordance Pavement for Apron (Helicopter Class II Pavement section) and additional 540 SM Asphalt Shoulder

Kelly, Scott David

212

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-11-021 - North Wind EC.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A. Project Title: Idaho National Laboratory Asphalt Repair Project - North Wind Services, LLC SECTION B. Project Description The deterioration of asphalt roads, pads and...

213

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TBD FE SOD 2012 81512 - 113012 David Welsh NETL: Pittsburgh, PA Asphalt Sealing of Parking Areas and Roadways at NETL Pittsburgh Application of Emulsified Asphalt Slurry...

214

Particle penetration through building cracks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aluminum, brick, concrete, plywood, redwood lumber, pinealuminum, brick, concrete, plywood, redwood lumber, pineof building gaps made of plywood and strand board, the inner

Liu, D L; Nazaroff, William W

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

The bricks, clicks, economics and mortar of contemporary retail : the consequences that retailer storing strategies and retail performance across markets have on real estate investments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The retail industry in the 21st century is undergoing a confluence of transformative changes. In this paper we discuss particularly noteworthy changes related to demography, retail economics and the Internet. We note how, ...

Fagan, Kevin William

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No. 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

specialized pavers or simply changing the paving material from asphalt will visually enforce pedestrian

217

University of North Carolina at Charlotte Design and Construction Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

specialized pavers or simply changing the paving material from asphalt will visually enforce pedestrian

Howitt, Ivan

218

Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

)................................................................................ 40 3.4.2 Construction of Asphalt Concrete Overlay (1975

Texas at Austin, University of

219

Vitrification of organics-containing wastes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for stabilizing organics-containing waste materials and recovery metals therefrom, and a waste glass product made according to the process are described. Vitrification of wastes such as organic ion exchange resins, electronic components and the like can be accomplished by mixing at least one transition metal oxide with the wastes, and, if needed, glass formers to compensate for a shortage of silicates or other glass formers in the wastes. The transition metal oxide increases the rate of oxidation of organic materials in the wastes to improve the composition of the glass-forming mixture: at low temperatures, the oxide catalyzes oxidation of a portion of the organics in the waste; at higher temperatures, the oxide dissolves and the resulting oxygen ions oxidize more of the organics; and at vitrification temperatures, the metal ions conduct oxygen into the melt to oxidize the remaining organics. In addition, the transition metal oxide buffers the redox potential of the glass melt so that metals such as Au, Pt, Ag, and Cu separate form the melt in the metallic state and can be recovered. After the metals are recovered, the remainder of the melt is allowed to cool and may subsequently be disposed of. The product has good leaching resistance and can be disposed of in an ordinary landfill, or, alternatively, used as a filler in materials such as concrete, asphalt, brick and tile.

Bickford, D.F.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

P2 through adaptive use of historic facilities  

SciTech Connect

The construction industry consumes a tremendous amount of natural resources. Demolishing serviceable buildings and hauling the debris to a landfill makes no sense from the standpoint of reducing solid waste and conserving natural resources. Wastes associated with new construction (such as concrete, bricks, asphalt (rubble), particle board, plywood, wood products, metals, plastics/polyresins, and insulation -- some of which contain toxic constituents) comprise approximately 15 to 30 percent of all wastes disposed in landfills. Furthermore, today`s buildings are constructed for relatively short-term physical usefulness based on economic investment: buildings constructed today are engineered for a twenty to forty year use with limited flexibility for upgrades and improvement. Federal tax laws suggest that buildings incorporating new construction practices lose their economic value after 31.5 years. Surprisingly though, new building construction accounts for about 40% of the raw material (natural resources) consumption and 11% of total energy consumption each year. Rehabilitation, which is the process of making an efficient compatible use or adaptive re-use of a property through repair, alterations, and additions, can conserve natural resources, cultural resources, energy, and landfill space. Admittedly, adaptive re-use of a building is much more labor intensive than new construction, but much less material and energy intensive.

Hauschild, N.T.

1998-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Vitrification of organics-containing wastes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for stabilizing organics-containing waste materials and recovering metals therefrom, and a waste glass product made according to the process is also disclosed. Vitrification of wastes such as organic ion exchange resins, electronic components and the like can be accomplished by mixing at least one transition metal oxide with the wastes, and, if needed, glass formers to compensate for a shortage of silicates or other glass formers in the wastes. The transition metal oxide increases the rate of oxidation of organic materials in the wastes to improve the composition of the glass-forming mixture: at low temperatures, the oxide catalyzes oxidation of a portion of the organics in the waste; at higher temperatures, the oxide dissolves and the resulting oxygen ions oxidize more of the organics; and at vitrification temperatures, the metal ions conduct oxygen into the melt to oxidize the remaining organics. In addition, the transition metal oxide buffers the redox potential of the glass melt so that metals such as Au, Pt, Ag, and Cu separate from the melt in the metallic state and can be recovered. After the metals are recovered, the remainder of the melt is allowed to cool and may subsequently be disposed of. The product has good leaching resistance and can be disposed of in an ordinary landfill, or, alternatively, used as a filler in materials such as concrete, asphalt, brick and tile. 1 fig.

Bickford, D.F.

1997-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

222

Explanation of Significant Difference (ESD) for the A-Area Burning/Rubble Pits (731-A/1A) and Rubble Pit (731-2A) (U)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The A-Area Burning/Rubble Pits (731-A/1A) and Rubble Pit (731-2A) (ABRP) operable unit (OU) is located in the northwest portion of Savannah River Site (SRS), approximately 2.4 kilometers (1.5 miles) south of the A/M Area operations. Between 1951 and 1973, Pits 731-A and 731-1A were used to burn paper, plastics, wood, rubber, rags, cardboard, oil, degreasers, and solvents. Combustible materials were burned monthly. After burning was discontinued in 1973, Pits 731-A and 731-1A were also converted to rubble pits and used to dispose of concrete rubble, bricks, tile, asphalt, plastics, metal, wood products, and rubber until about 1978. When the pits were filled to capacity, there were covered with compacted clay-rich native soils and vegetation was established. Pit 731-2A was only used as a rubble pit until 1983 after which the area was backfilled and seeded. Two other potential source areas within the OU were investigated and found to be clean. The water table aquifer (M-Area aquifer) was also investigated.

Morgan, Randall

2000-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

223

The Time of Sands: Quartz-rich Sand Deposits as a Renewable Resource  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ceramic, ground, pottery, brick, tile, etc. Filtration: Water, municipal, county, local Swimming pool, other Petroleum industry:

Shaffer, Nelson R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are controlled by synchronous TTL signals from a frequency synthesizer. The excess carriers in the brick

225

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experimental data to investigate phosphogypsume use in light brick by Artificial Neural Networks 589 M

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

226

Evaluation of the FEMA P-695 Methodology for Quantification ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Multistory archetype configurations (Figure 3-2) were selected to be representative of masonry buildings used in hotels, condominiums, and college ...

2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

227

Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and why? What looks promising? High-Performance Enclosure Retrofit for Cold Climate Cape Cod Houses and Occupied Masonry Structures Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes in Cold...

228

Catalytic and Mechanical Properties of Metal-supported Catalysts ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and thinner walls allowing higher cell densities, low substrate volume, and lower ... Rock Waste in the Manufacture of Cement Blocks for Structural Masonry.

229

Geraldine S. Cheok  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... She also worked on projects involving the seismic response of lightly-reinforced masonry walls and strengthening of lightly reinforced concrete ...

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

230

Table of Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... not present) Advanced Concrete and Masonry Centre, Paisley ... lower plate and the side wall, which otherwise ... provided that the vertical walls do not ...

2004-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

231

Back on Top  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... His efforts were key in saving the wall after the move of NIST ... building materials, concrete, corrosion of steel in concrete, masonry, preservation of ...

2000-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

232

Publications Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Seismic Performance of Masonry Walls With Bed Joint Reinforcement Published: 7/1/1998 Authors: AE Schultz, RS Hutchinson, Geraldine S Cheok ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

233

Comparison Testing of Simulated Data Processing/Telecomm ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 10 Page 11. Table 2. Strength of Walls. Exterior Wall, 10 Feet Tall [5] Wall Type Maximum Allowable Pressure (psf) ... 90 6 masonry reinforced 41 ...

2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

234

Project: Lateral Force-Resisting Structural Elements and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Accurate reinforced concrete (R/C) wall models: The results ... Steel Load Bearing Steel Systems and Masonry Veneer / Steel Stud Walls, TI 809 ...

2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

235

Responding to National Needs: Supplement to Appendices ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... mark the container of the fasteners with the lot number from which ... the total installed price of hard-metric concrete masonry units is estimated to be ...

236

Application of Metagenomics for Identification of Novel Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degrading Enzymes in Natural Asphalts from the Rancho La Brea Tar Pits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

can vary greatly between petroleum sources, which affect theto use petroleum as a carbon and energy source, the mostable to use petroleum as a carbon and energy source, one of

Baquiran, Jean-Paul Mendoza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

A Life-Cycle Analysis of Alternatives for the Management of Waste Hot-Mix Asphalt, Commercial Food Waste, and Construction and Demolition Waste.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Effective management of commercially generated food waste presents an opportunity for avoided global warming potential, renewable energy production, and renewable agrochemical production. The vast majority (more)

Levis, James William

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Application of Metagenomics for Identification of Novel Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degrading Enzymes in Natural Asphalts from the Rancho La Brea Tar Pits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WITH BIODEGRADATION OF CRUDE-OIL IN THE OUACHITA MOUNTAINS,A SPHALTS AND H EAVY O IL Crude oil is an extremely complexto natural gas, liquid crude oil, shale oil, tars and

Baquiran, Jean-Paul Mendoza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Application of Metagenomics for Identification of Novel Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degrading Enzymes in Natural Asphalts from the Rancho La Brea Tar Pits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and PCR quantification of catechol 2,3-dioxygmase genes from101 Phylogenetic tree of catechol 2,3-dioxygenase genes fromprotocatechuates and catechols. These compounds are further

Baquiran, Jean-Paul Mendoza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Application of Metagenomics for Identification of Novel Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degrading Enzymes in Natural Asphalts from the Rancho La Brea Tar Pits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF BIOREMEDIATION FOR THE EXXON-VALDEZ OIL-SPILL. Nature,and results from the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.OF BIOREMEDIATION FOR THE EXXON-VALDEZ OIL-SPILL. Nature,

Baquiran, Jean-Paul Mendoza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Application of Metagenomics for Identification of Novel Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degrading Enzymes in Natural Asphalts from the Rancho La Brea Tar Pits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

crude oil are spilled on land due to pipeline failures and more than 200,000 underground storage tanks in the UScrude oil are spilled on land due to pipeline failures and more than 200,000 underground storage tanks in the US

Baquiran, Jean-Paul Mendoza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Warm Mix Asphalt Technologies and Research European countries are using technologies that appear to allow a reduction in the temperatures at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas for large scale Fischer-Tropsch synthesis." American Chemical Society, Division of Petroleum unit · Pre-reformer · Auto-thermal reformer (ATR) · Fired heater CO2 removal (optional) Fischer-Tropsch (FT) reactor: slurry bubble column reactor Fischer-Tropsch products separation #12;8M. Panahi, S

Mukherjee, Amlan

243

Application of Metagenomics for Identification of Novel Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degrading Enzymes in Natural Asphalts from the Rancho La Brea Tar Pits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

degrading bacteria from a petroleum contaminated soil.USE IN EVALUATION OF PETROLEUM- CONTAMINATED SITES. AppliedRecent advances in petroleum microbiology. Microbiology and

Baquiran, Jean-Paul Mendoza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Application of Metagenomics for Identification of Novel Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degrading Enzymes in Natural Asphalts from the Rancho La Brea Tar Pits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas, liquid crude oil, shale oil, tars and bitumen (Scragg,gas, liquid crude oil, shale oil, tars and bitumen (Scragg,

Baquiran, Jean-Paul Mendoza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Summary of Construction Activities and Results from Six Initial Accelerated Pavement Tests Conducted on Asphalt Concrete Pavement Section for Modified-Binder Overlay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a relationship between nuclear test and laboratory test air-Caltrans 308 or Nuclear Test, % AV(Nuclear) = 0.90AV(T-166)R2 = 0.77 Caltrans 308 Nuclear Test Linear (Nuclear Test)

Bejarano, Manuel O.; Morton, Bruce S.; Scheffy, Clark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Application of Metagenomics for Identification of Novel Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degrading Enzymes in Natural Asphalts from the Rancho La Brea Tar Pits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the petroleum in conventional oil reserves and interest inpetroleum in conventional oil reserves (Head et al. , 2003).in conventional oil reserves and the use of petroleum-

Baquiran, Jean-Paul Mendoza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

YORK",1,260,"CANADA",3,1,0,,,,," " 41486,"ALBINA ASPHALT ",1,931,"Asphalt & Road Oil",3310,"SWEETGRASS, MT","MONTANA",4,260,"CANADA",6,0,0,,,,," " 41486,"ALL AMERICAN...

248

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and reflect the rest. Asphalt overlays are typically darker in color than portland cement concretes (PCCs) and consequently absorb more solar radiation. However, the asphalt tends to insulate the concrete and reduce its

249

PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (SI UNITS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concrete Overlays on Asphalt Pavements.............24 Concrete Overlays on Composite Pavements........25.....................................................63 Stainless Steel Bars...................................................63 Stainless-Clad Bars on Concrete Pavements................................................200 Bonded Concrete Overlays on Asphalt

Kostic, Milivoje M.

250

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

YORK",1,260,"CANADA",3,1,0,,,,," " 41517,"ALBINA ASPHALT ",1,931,"Asphalt & Road Oil",3310,"SWEETGRASS, MT","MONTANA",4,260,"CANADA",6,0,0,,,,," " 41517,"ALL AMERICAN...

251

Company Level Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

all states asphalt inc 0209 derby line, vt ... united kingdom kinder morgan liq termls llc ... st louis, mo missouri

252

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(including asphalt) or its combus- tion by-products (Jones et al. 1989), but are not known to be present

253

THE 2005 FHWA CONFERENCE Integral Abutment and Jointless Bridges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(including asphalt) or its combus- tion by-products (Jones et al. 1989), but are not known to be present

Horvath, John S.

254

Solicitation no. W5J9LE-11-R-0089 US Army Corps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or activities: 1. Road construction including asphalt paving; h. One project can be used to satisfy multiple

US Army Corps of Engineers

255

Purchased Electricity - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other products includes pentanes plus, other hydrocarbons, oxygenates, hydrogen, unfinished oils, gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, lubricants, asphalt and road ...

256

Purchased Steam - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other products includes pentanes plus, other hydrocarbons, oxygenates, hydrogen, unfinished oils, gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, lubricants, asphalt and road ...

257

Residual Fuel Oil - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other products includes pentanes plus, other hydrocarbons, oxygenates, hydrogen, unfinished oils, gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, lubricants, asphalt and road ...

258

East Coast (PADD 1) Fuel Consumed at Refineries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other products includes pentanes plus, other hydrocarbons, oxygenates, hydrogen, unfinished oils, gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, lubricants, asphalt and road ...

259

Midwest (PADD 2) Fuel Consumed at Refineries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other products includes pentanes plus, other hydrocarbons, oxygenates, hydrogen, unfinished oils, gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, lubricants, asphalt and road ...

260

PAD District 5 Fuel Consumed at Refineries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other products includes pentanes plus, other hydrocarbons, oxygenates, hydrogen, unfinished oils, gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, lubricants, asphalt and road ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Fuel Consumed at Refineries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other products includes pentanes plus, other hydrocarbons, oxygenates, hydrogen, unfinished oils, gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, lubricants, asphalt and road ...

262

Liquefied Petroleum Gases  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other products includes pentanes plus, other hydrocarbons, oxygenates, hydrogen, unfinished oils, gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, lubricants, asphalt and road ...

263

PAD District 4 Fuel Consumed at Refineries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other products includes pentanes plus, other hydrocarbons, oxygenates, hydrogen, unfinished oils, gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, lubricants, asphalt and road ...

264

Still Gas - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other products includes pentanes plus, other hydrocarbons, oxygenates, hydrogen, unfinished oils, gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, lubricants, asphalt and road ...

265

Multiple Objective Stormwater Management For the Coliseum Complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

asphalt landscaping lawns and grass; sandy soil, slope sandy soil, slope sandy soil, slope <2% Cover Factor*

Jones, Jesse; Kraai, Rachel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Winter'04Ash4-5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

process, fly ash is used as a raw material to substitute for part of the clay and shale, which are the two main raw materials of a conventional brick. Test bricks produced...

267

Simple SQP approach for out-of-plane loaded homogenized brickwork panels, accounting for softening  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple homogenized model for the non linear analysis of masonry walls out-of-plane loaded is presented. In the model, the panels are assumed to behave as Kirchhoff-Love plates. A rectangular running bond elementary cell (RVE) is subdivided into several ... Keywords: Homogenization, Masonry, Out-of-plane loads, Quadratic programming

Gabriele Milani; Antonio Tralli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Frequency Monitoring and Simulation Analysis for Historical Structures Being Retrofitted  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many historical structures now need to be retrofitted to meet the requirements of fast developing cities. To ensure the safety of a historical masonry building during its retrofitting, natural frequency of the structure was measured through ambient vibrating ... Keywords: Historical masonry building, Retrofit, Monitoring, Simulation

Chao Wang, Bin Peng, Peng Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

"Deadman Island Lock and Dam, Ohio River" The Military Engineer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a concrete gravity dam. It is important to use best estimates of loadings and properties and masonry gravity dams for all failure modes including overtopping (Douglas et al 1999). Table 4 Historic annual frequency of failure of concrete and masonry gravity dams Frequency of Failure x 10-5 Concrete

US Army Corps of Engineers

270

Office of the Vice President for Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a concrete gravity dam. It is important to use best estimates of loadings and properties and masonry gravity dams for all failure modes including overtopping (Douglas et al 1999). Table 4 Historic annual frequency of failure of concrete and masonry gravity dams Frequency of Failure x 10-5 Concrete

Scott, Robert A.

271

Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Pigmented Asphalt Roof Coatings, Nonfibered, Asbestos Fibered, and Fibered without Asbestos," 2002 (ASTM D2824 Guide for Application of Aluminum-Pigmented Asphalt Roof Coatings," 1997 (ASTM D3805-97 (reapproved 2003 document titled "Standard Specification for Aluminum-Pigmented Emulsified Asphalt Used as a Protective

Texas at Austin, University of

272

1. Report No. FHWA/LA.10/471  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) stabilized BCS, foamed asphalt (FA) stabilized RAP, and FA stabilized sulfate (BCS), stabilized BCS, stabilized recycled asphalt pavement (RAP), and stabilized soil as base sulfate (BCS), stabilized BCS, stabilized recycled asphalt pavement (RAP), and stabilized soil as base

Harms, Kyle E.

273

The Work of Art in the Age of Deindustrialization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ceramic brick was triumphantly fitted into place, perfect in its vulgarity, an eternal remainder of the advantages of industry

Bernes, Jasper

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Exhibitor: SAINT GOBAIN INDUSTRIAL CERAMICS NORTON ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SAINT GOBAIN INDUSTRIAL CERAMICS NORTON PRIMARY METALS ... Norton refractory products for the copper industry include shaft furnace liners, bricks,...

275

ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Montrose Operations Center Asphalt Overlay Project Montrose Operations Center Asphalt Overlay Project Montrose County, Colorado A. Brief Description of Proposal: Western Area Power Administration (Western) proposes to conduct routine maintenance activities by installing an asphalt slurry overlay on the parking lots and roadways at Western's Montrose Operations Center in Montrose, Colorado. The slurry seal involves the creation of a mixture of asphalt emulsion and fine crushed aggregate that is spread on the surface of a road. Existing asphalt surfaces would be cleaned to make it free of loose material, dirt, dust, and debris. A tack coat would be applied followed with a v.. inch asphalt slurry seal coat. The final step would be painting pavement markings. Areas to receive the asphalt overlay:

276

ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Montrose Operations Center Asphalt Overlay Project Montrose Operations Center Asphalt Overlay Project Montrose County, Colorado A. Brief Description of Proposal: Western Area Power Administration (Western) proposes to conduct routine maintenance activities by installing an asphalt slurry overlay on the parking lots and roadways at Western's Montrose Operations Center in Montrose, Colorado. The slurry seal involves the creation of a mixture of asphalt emulsion and fine crushed aggregate that is spread on the surface of a road. Existing asphalt surfaces would be cleaned to make it free of loose material, dirt, dust, and debris. A tack coat would be applied followed with a \4 inch asphalt slurry seal coat. The final step would be painting pavement markings. Areas to receive the asphalt overlay:

277

DOE - Safety of Radioactive Material Transportation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sandstone blocks and limestone facing (mostly missing), Pyramid of Khufu (largest) is as tall as a 50-story building 3200 BC, Egypt Brooklyn Bridge Steel cable and masonry piers,...

278

Redevelopment of southern mill towns : a study of Georgetown, South Carolina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Georgetown Steel Company (GSC), located in Georgetown, South Carolina, closed and filed for bankruptcy in October 2003. GSC has only been operating since the late 1960s; therefore, it does not contain masonry warehouse ...

Morgan, Robert L. (Robert Lafaye), 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

CX-009633: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-009633: Categorical Exclusion Determination Upgrade to the Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) Wall at Test Reactor Area (TRA)-670 CX(s) Applied: B2.5 Date: 11292012...

280

Structural systems and tuned mass dampers of super-tall buildings : case study of Taipei 101  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of the first generation of skyscrapers was based on strength. Heavy masonry cladding and wall curtains used at that period added a considerable amount of stiffness and damping to the structure. Inter-storey ...

Kourakis, Ioannis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

DOE - Safety of Radioactive Material Transportation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

80AD - stone and wood Pantheon Rome, 118 - 126 AD - masonry Archimedes' Hydralic Screw Greece, 200's BC - wood Plumbing Valve Rome, 1st Century AD - bronze and lead Catapult...

282

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Shell Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Shell Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel Biodiesel and other renewable diesel fuel or diesel fuel blending components derived from biomass, but excluding renewable diesel fuel coprocessed with petroleum feedstocks.

283

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tanker and Barge Between PADDs Tanker and Barge Between PADDs Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock.

284

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Production Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Butane (C4H10) A normally gaseous straight-chain or branch-chain hydrocarbon extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams. It includes isobutane and normal butane and is designated in ASTM Specification D1835 and Gas Processors Association Specifications for commercial butane.

285

PriceTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Data 2011: Prices and Expenditures 135 A P P E N D I X A Price and Expenditure Variables ARICD Asphalt and road oil price in the industrial Dollars per million Btu ARICDZZ is independent. sector. ARICDUS = ARICVUS / ARICBUS * 1000 ARICV Asphalt and road oil expenditures in the Million dollars ARICVZZ = ARICBZZ * ARICDZZ / 1000 industrial sector. ARICVUS = SARICVZZ ARTCD Asphalt and road oil average price, all sectors. Dollars per million Btu ARTCD = ARICD ARTCV Asphalt and road oil total expenditures. Million dollars ARTCV = ARICV ARTXD Asphalt and road oil average price, all end-use Dollars per million Btu ARTXD = ARTXV / ARTXB * 1000 sectors. ARTXV Asphalt and road oil total end-use expenditures. Million dollars ARTXV = ARICV AVACD Aviation gasoline price in the transportation Dollars per million Btu AVACDZZ is independent. sector. AVACDUS = AVACVUS / AVACBUS * 1000 AVACV Aviation gasoline

286

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Butane (C4H10) A normally gaseous straight-chain or branch-chain hydrocarbon extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams. It includes isobutane and normal butane and is designated in ASTM Specification D1835 and Gas Processors Association Specifications for commercial butane.

287

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Exports by Destination Exports by Destination Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

288

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area of Entry Area of Entry Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

289

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

& Blender Net Production & Blender Net Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline.

290

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Total Stocks Total Stocks Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus. Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

291

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Alkylate The product of an alkylation reaction. It usually refers to the high octane product from alkylation units. This alkylate is used in blending high octane gasoline. Aromatics Hydrocarbons characterized by unsaturated ring structures of carbon atoms. Commercial petroleum aromatics are benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX). Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

292

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Stocks by Type Stocks by Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Alaskan in Transit Alaskan crude oil stocks in transit by water between Alaska and the other States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

293

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Imports by Country of Origin U.S. Imports by Country of Origin Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

294

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery Stocks Refinery Stocks Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

295

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Supply and Disposition Balance Supply and Disposition Balance Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

296

PriceTechNotes2012.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data: Data: Prices and Expenditures 135 A P P E N D I X A Price and Expenditure Variables ARICD Asphalt and road oil price in the industrial Dollars per million Btu ARICDZZ is independent. sector. ARICDUS = ARICVUS / ARICBUS * 1000 ARICV Asphalt and road oil expenditures in the Million dollars ARICVZZ = ARICBZZ * ARICDZZ / 1000 industrial sector. ARICVUS = SARICVZZ ARTCD Asphalt and road oil average price, all sectors. Dollars per million Btu ARTCD = ARICD ARTCV Asphalt and road oil total expenditures. Million dollars ARTCV = ARICV ARTXD Asphalt and road oil average price, all end-use Dollars per million Btu ARTXD = ARTXV / ARTXB * 1000 sectors. ARTXV Asphalt and road oil total end-use expenditures. Million dollars ARTXV = ARICV AVACD Aviation gasoline price in the transportation Dollars per million Btu AVACDZZ is independent. sector. AVACDUS = AVACVUS / AVACBUS * 1000 AVACV Aviation gasoline expenditures

297

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Products Supplied Products Supplied Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

298

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Weekly Supply Estimates Weekly Supply Estimates Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus. Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

299

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Working Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Working Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel Biodiesel and other renewable diesel fuel or diesel fuel blending components derived from biomass, but excluding renewable diesel fuel coprocessed with petroleum feedstocks.

300

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District Imports by Country of Origin PAD District Imports by Country of Origin Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports by Destination Imports by Destination Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

302

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PADDs Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PADDs Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline.

303

Experimental evaluation of phase change material building walls using small passive test boxes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Macroencapsulated PCM cemented within masonry building blocks can markedly increase the effectiveness of an equivalent volume of concrete for use as a mass wall for passive solar applications. Various hydrocarbons and hydrated salts were tested. The test procedure and results are presented and discussed. Of the PCM's tested, the most promising candidate material is calcium chloride hexahydrate. The best performing PCM blocks performed on a par with a massive masonry design. (WHK)

Collier, R.K.; Grimmer, D.P.

1979-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

304

Rob Roy`s earthwood home  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes a 2,000 square foot house near the Canadian border, heated for $75 during the winter and maintaining a steady temperature. Among the design characteristics discussed are the following: round shape; earth sheltering; cordwood masonry; insulation and thermal mass; solar orientation; masonry stove; burning waste wood; floating slab foundation; surface bonded blocks; post and beam octoagon; waterproofing walls; drainage; earth roof.

Roy, R. [Earthwood Building School, West Chazy, NY (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Air Quality Permits (Prince Edward Island, Canada) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

that operate any of the following: - fuel burning equipment (utilities and non-utility boilers), - incinerators, and - industrial sources (e.g., asphalt plants) must get a permit...

306

Kentucky Profile - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Kentucky had two oil refineries with a combined operating capacity of 218 thousand barrels ... asphalt, propane, and ... fifth largest in the ...

307

NETL: Gasifipedia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

carbonaceous substance can be gasified: fossil fuels such as coal (varying in rank) and oil, refinery waste, byproducts such as asphalt or black liquor, biomass (which is any...

308

Recycling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

recycling paths for various materials. Aerosol cans Asphalt Batteries Cardboard Concrete Light bulbs Metal Pallets Paper Tires Toner cartridges Vegetation Environmental...

309

What are the products and uses of petroleum? - FAQ - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What are the products and uses of petroleum? Petroleum products include transportation fuels, fuel oils for heating and electricity generation, asphalt and road oil ...

310

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Remove the existing asphalt pavement within the On-Dock Rail Straddle Portal Test Facility project area and install the proposed Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) pavement. Revision...

311

Refinery Net Production of Total Finished Petroleum Products  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Waxes Petroleum Coke Marketable Petroleum Coke Catalyst Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Still Gas Miscellaneous Products Misc. Products - Fuel Use Misc. Products - Nonfuel...

312

Minnesota, Wisconsin, North Dakota, and South Dakota Blender ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Asphalt and Road Oil : 0: 0: 0: 2009-2013: Processing Gain(-) or Loss(+) 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 2009-2013

313

Techniques and Technologies for Field Detection of Asbestos Containing Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Asbestos has been used in numerous applications at DOE sites including sprayed-on fireproofing, asphalt and vinyl floor tile, and asbestos-cement(transite) siding.

314

ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Montrose Operations Center Asphalt Overlay Project Montrose County, Colorado A. Brief Description of Proposal: Western Area Power Administration (Western) proposes to conduct...

315

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Products Supplied, 1949-2011 140 U.S. Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Liquefied petroleum gases. 2 Asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline,...

316

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1949-2011 By Product, 2011 128 U.S. Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Liquefied petroleum gases. Asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline,...

317

Journal of Research Volume 16  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Evaluation of ultraviolet solar radiation of short wave lengths, p. 315 ... A modified accelerated weathering test for asphalts and other materials, p. 481 ...

2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

318

Journal of Research Volume 20  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Weathering tests on filled coating asphalts, p. 159 Strieter, OG http ... Radiometric measurements of ultraviolet solar intensities in the stratosphere, p ...

2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

319

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2010 CX-004383: Categorical Exclusion Determination Pine Hall Brick Company Energy Efficiency Improvements for Lighting, Kiln and Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning...

320

Dry Barrier Mix in Reduction Cell Cathodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Dry Barrier Mix in Reduction Cell Cathodes ... successfully tested as a replacement for barrier bricks in several reduction cell technology types...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NCNR thermal neutron prompt gamma facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... plug, cube of lithium carbonate in resin surrounded by lead bricks, Aluminum cube (43 centimeters on a side) lithium 6 fluoride polymer plug ...

322

Waste Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 17, 2010 ... Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick: Wang Jia 1; PENG BING1; CHAI LI YUAN1; ZHANG JIN LONG1;...

323

CX-004714: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to the Cullman County Courthouse to include: upgrade lighting; window replacements; wall weatherproofing, insulation, and brick veneer; and replace low-pitched roof....

324

Building and Fire Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Because of the insulation provided by the thick brick walls of the ... The peak wall surface temperature reached about 800 C (1,500 F) where the ...

325

ORNL Robot Takes Pollutant Samples and Assesses Structural ...  

walls. There, a remotely operated, ... is positioned and activated to take multiple samples of pollutants from the concrete and/or brick liners of the stacks.

326

Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...lined with natural rubber and acid-resistant red shale or carbon brick joined with silica-filled hot poured sulfur cement. [graphic]...

327

EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY ON FORMALDEHYDE EMISSIONS IN TEMPORARY HOUSING UNITS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

constructed with ?-inch plywood with a vinyl or PVC skin ortile, gypsum board, shiplap, plywood, terracotta brick) thatsamples are all made from plywood. Humidity Equilibration

Parthasarathy, Srinandini

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Air pollutant penetration through airflow leaks into buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aluminum, brick, concrete, plywood, redwood lumber, pinelaboratory. Mounted in a plywood panel, the finished windowsheet 8% RH 70% RH Plywood f Plate glass f Aluminum f

Liu, De-Ling

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Effect of Processes in Degraded Decoloration of Frying Oil Treated ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The oil when frying suffers oxidation process tends to darken, increase the viscosity, ... Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick.

330

Isotherm and Kinetics Studies of the Biosorption of Cobalt from ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effect of Processes in Degraded Decoloration of Frying Oil Treated with Brazilian Clays ... Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick.

331

Thermodynamic Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Halls tests the water pump, built from wood, rope, locally acquired PVC pipe, and an .... a ceramic combustion chamber, built from fire bricks of clay and biomass.

332

New Tool Quantitatively Maps Minority-Carrier Lifetime of Multicrystal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Integration Laboratory (PDIL) to generate quantitative minority-carrier lifetime maps of multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) bricks. This feat has been accomplished by using...

333

PNNL: Capability Replacement Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

history. But it is much more than bricks, mortar, and scientific instrumentation. These facilities are essential to retaining capabilities and expertise developed and nurtured...

334

RadEducationPosterPieChart_11-6-13_final_print-ready  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

bricks, lead, concrete, plastic, paper, and aluminum). Protecting Against Radiation Exposure Additional Protection * Minimize Time: The less time exposed, the lower the dose...

335

URBANISM AND ENERGY IN DEVELOPING REGIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and kiln-fired red brick; propane space heating; kerosenetion spreading, cooking: propane pre dominates; kerosene astrucks and tricycle for propane. water very scarce and

Meier, Richard L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

The August JOM-e: The Aluminum Plenary Session  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... carbon blocks, ramming paste, and refractory and insulation bricks. ye knows considerably more than 30 minutes worth of information on these materials,...

337

All NIST News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... protection engineers turned an abandoned New York City (NYC) brick high ... of NIST fire investigations, summaries of research projects and videos of ...

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

338

Powder Composition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 5   Selection guidelines for hardfacing alloy systems...in austenite matrix None Agricultural machinery, coke shutes, brick-making

339

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Nanomechanical Properties of Cementitious Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mortar [14], coke powder mortar [15­17] or coke powder asphalt [18­21] for this coating facilitates], and (iii) 70 dB, as attained in cement paste containing 0.72 vol% stainless steel fibers of diameter 8 µm-matrix composites [95­97], carbon-carbon composites [98], asphalt [99] and concrete [100]. Resistance heating

Shull, Kenneth R.

340

FM 3-34.343 (FM5-446) Military Nonstandard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mortar [14], coke powder mortar [15­17] or coke powder asphalt [18­21] for this coating facilitates], and (iii) 70 dB, as attained in cement paste containing 0.72 vol% stainless steel fibers of diameter 8 µm-matrix composites [95­97], carbon-carbon composites [98], asphalt [99] and concrete [100]. Resistance heating

US Army Corps of Engineers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Ubira: a mobile platform for an integrated online/offline shopping experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, mobile applications focusing on barcode scanning and price comparison are gaining popularity among users. The users of these applications are drawn away from participating in the business model of the brick-and-mortar stores. Ubira is a novel ... Keywords: brick-and-mortar stores, context-aware services, online and offline shopping integration, real world shopping, retailers, service model

Udana Bandara; James Chen

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Evaluation of an alternative bituminous material as a soil stabilizer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asphalt cements, cutback asphalts, and emulsified asphalts are used as bituminous stabilizing agents in the pavement systems. The emulsified asphalts are increasingly used in lieu of cutback asphalts because of environmental regulations and safety. Consequently, development of a new stabilization material, which is environmentally safe and non-flammable, is desired for replacing cutback asphalts. In this study a petroleum-resin-based (PRB) material was tested to investigate its physical and mechanical characteristics as an alternative bituminous soil stabilizer in terms of replacing the cutback asphalts because the PRB material has been proved an environmentally safe material. Based on various laboratory tests, including an unconfined compressive strength test, a soil suction test, dielectric measurements, a resilient modulus test, and an optical microscopy test, it has been verified that the PRB material affects base-layer waterproofing, but significant strength gain was not found. When mixed with mostly granular base materials, the PRB material coated soil or aggregate particles and decreased the volume of voids, which can be thought as potential water flow channels. Consequently, the PRB material is expected to reduce permeability.

Kim, Yong-Rak

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Refractory lining system for high wear area of high temperature reaction vessel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refractory-lined high temperature reaction vessel comprises a refractory ring lining constructed of refractory brick, a cooler, and a heat transfer medium disposed between the refractory ring lining and the cooler. The refractory brick comprises magnesia (MgO) and graphite. The heat transfer medium contacts the refractory brick and a cooling surface of the cooler, and is composed of a material that accommodates relative movement between the refractory brick and the cooler. The brick is manufactured such that the graphite has an orientation providing a high thermal conductivity in the lengthwise direction through the brick that is higher than the thermal conductivity in directions perpendicular to the lengthwise direction. The graphite preferably is flake graphite, in the range of about 10 to 20 wt %, and has a size distribution selected to provide maximum brick density. The reaction vessel may be used for performing a reaction process including the steps of forming a layer of slag on a melt in the vessel, the slag having a softening point temperature range, and forming a protective frozen layer of slag on the interior-facing surface of the refractory lining in at least a portion of a zone where the surface contacts the layer of slag, the protective frozen layer being maintained at or about the softening point of the slag. 10 figs.

Hubble, D.H.; Ulrich, K.H.

1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

344

Refractory lining system for high wear area of high temperature reaction vessel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refractory-lined high temperature reaction vessel comprises a refractory ring lining constructed of refractory brick, a cooler, and a heat transfer medium disposed between the refractory ring lining and the cooler. The refractory brick comprises magnesia (MgO) and graphite. The heat transfer medium contacts the refractory brick and a cooling surface of the cooler, and is composed of a material that accommodates relative movement between the refractory brick and the cooler. The brick is manufactured such that the graphite has an orientation providing a high thermal conductivity in the lengthwise direction through the brick that is higher than the thermal conductivity in directions perpendicular to the lengthwise direction. The graphite preferably is flake graphite, in the range of about 10 to 20 wt %, and has a size distribution selected to provide maximum brick density. The reaction vessel may be used for performing a reaction process including the steps of forming a layer of slag on a melt in the vessel, the slag having a softening point temperature range, and forming a protective frozen layer of slag on the interior-facing surface of the refractory lining in at least a portion of a zone where the surface contacts the layer of slag, the protective frozen layer being maintained at or about the softening point of the slag.

Hubble, David H. (Export, PA); Ulrich, Klaus H. (Duisburg, DE)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Soldering Small Beads to Fine Wires  

SciTech Connect

One method suggested for soldering small beads to fine wires using a torch to heat the bead, flux, and magnesia brick did not prove entirely satisfactory in this case. It was found the brick would draw heat away from the bead and flux at too fast a rate resulting in a poor weld, a rough surface, and an excessive accumulation of flux on the bead. Secondly, removal of the depleted flux presented a problem when the welding was done on the surface of the brick.

Stanton, J. S.

1950-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Directory of Operable Petroleum Refineries on Tables 38 and 39  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

ExxonMobil Refg & Supply Co. Billings..... 4,300 0 12,700 0 0 0 2,100 24 0 Alkylates Aromatics Asphalt and RoadOil Isomers Lubricants Marketable Petroleum Coke ...

347

CX-009091: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Montrose Operations Center Asphalt Overlay Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 07/30/2012 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

348

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Area: Period-Unit: Download Series History ... 51: 1989-2012: Waxes: 3: 2: 3: 2: 2: 2: 1989-2012: Petroleum Coke: 264: 265: 257: 318: 347: 344: 1989-2012: Asphalt and ...

349

Modeling the Thermal Effects of Artificial Turf on the Urban Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of artificial turf (AT) on the urban canopy layer energy balance, air and surface temperatures, and building cooling loads are compared to those of other common ground surface materials (asphalt, concrete, and grass) through heat ...

Neda Yaghoobian; Jan Kleissl; E. Scott Krayenhoff

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Agents of seed dispersal : animal--zoochary / Wind--anemonochory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agents of seed dispersal is a project designed to address the increase of environmental degradation, which occurs as a result of the perpetual spread of the asphalt and concrete of the contemporary urban situation. Agents ...

Lysakowski, Lukasz Kamil, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 10 FIG_CO2IDX1 FIG_CO2IDX2 FIG_CO2SEC GRAF Petroleum LPG Distillate Fuel Kerosene Coal Natural Gas Total Motor Gasoline Residual Fuel Lubricants Asphalt & Road Oil

352

Lithuania Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel : 0: 2012-2012: Special Naphthas : 0 : 0: 2008-2012: Residual Fuel Oil : 1: 0 : 2010-2011: Waxes : 0: 0: 0: 0 : 2008-2011: Asphalt and Road Oil ...

353

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Table 5.3 Petroleum Imports by Type, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Crude Oil 1,2 Petroleum Products Total Petroleum Asphalt and Road Oil Distillate...

354

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Remove the existing asphalt pavement within the On-Dock Rail Straddle Portal Test Facility project area and install the proposed Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) pavement On-Dock...

355

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Table 5.13b Petroleum Consumption Estimates: Industrial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Industrial Sector Asphalt and Road Oil Distillate Fuel...

356

Measurements of the Air Temperature Profile near the Ground by Two Laser Beams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two neon-helium gas lasers were used for temperatures profile measurements near the ground. The experiment was carried out during the cold season (when absolute humidity is small on the asphalt pavement) to be free from humidity effects. The ...

Takehisa Yokoi

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Thermoelectric Properties of -Zn4Sb3 Synthesized by Mechanical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

358

Correlation of Porosity Detected by Computed Tomography and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

359

An Empirical Model of Rehydration/Rehydroxylation Kinetics for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

360

SECTION 10-SHOP AND SHOP/LAB SAFETY INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and abrasive blasting, slate work, diatomite calcination Diatomaceous earth Roofing and asphalt felt Filling is often used generically even when other materials such as such as coal and metal slags, steel shot

Selmic, Sandra

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Utilizing SST and Ultrasonic NDT for Microstructure Analysis of the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

362

Phase Studies in the TeO2 - B2O3 System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

363

Microstructural Characterization of Sintered Fe-Mn-Si Based Shape ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

364

Application of the Creep Continuum Damage Mechanics Unified ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

365

About this Abstract  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

366

CX-008904: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Asphalt Sealing of Parking Areas and Roadways at National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 08/29/2012 Location(s): Pennsylvania Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

367

Mercury Species and Other Selected Constituent Concentrations in Water, Sediment, and Biota of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with gravel and some asphalt pavement and used to store bulk materials. About 0.012 km2 in the central PSNS, rubble, spent abrasive grit ("blaster sand" and copper slag), and dredged sediment. In 1998, this area

368

An Investigation of Wire Drawing of Hyper-eutectoid Steel Wires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

369

Wettability Testing for Ni/Ti(CN) System in High Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

370

Aquatic Habitat Institute An Assessment of The Loading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with gravel and some asphalt pavement and used to store bulk materials. About 0.012 km2 in the central PSNS, rubble, spent abrasive grit ("blaster sand" and copper slag), and dredged sediment. In 1998, this area

371

A Low Cost Method for Manufacturing of Aluminum/Alumina ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

372

Study on the Characteristic of Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

373

Research on the Carbothermic Reduction Conditions of Mill Scale ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

374

Intermetallic Phases and Microstructure in AlSi Alloys Influenced by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

375

Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The copper losses in RHF slag was more than 3% in 2006 and 2007. ... How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging .... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

376

Composition Control of CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 and CaS Inclusions ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

377

Metal Oxide Doped SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ Phosphors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging Improved ... Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag ... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt...

378

Cleaning up the Streets of Denver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Between 1913 and 1924, several Denver area facilities extracted radium from carnotite ore mined from the Paradox basin region of Colorado. Tailings or abandoned ores from these facilities were apparently incorporated into asphalt used to pave approximately 7.2 kilometers (4.5 miles) of streets in Denver. A majority of the streets are located in residential areas. The radionuclides are bound within the asphalt matrix and pose minimal risk unless they are disturbed. The City and County of Denver (CCoD) is responsible for controlling repairs and maintenance on these impacted streets. Since 2002, the CCoD has embarked on a significant capital improvement project to remove the impacted asphalt for secure disposal followed by street reconstruction. To date, Parsons has removed approximately 55 percent of the impacted asphalt. This paper discusses the history of the Denver Radium Streets and summarizes on-going project efforts. (authors)

Stegen, R.L.; Wood, T.R.; Hackett, J.R. [Parsons, 1700 Broadway, Suite 900, Denver, Colorado 80290 (United States); Sogue, A. [City and County of Denver, 201 West Colfax, Denver, Colorado 80202 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD Testing and Inspection Levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD Testing and Inspection Levels for Hot-Mix Asphaltic Concrete Overlays, Editorial AssistantCHRISTOPHER HEDGES, Senior Program Officer TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 2000 OFFICERS Chair: Martin Wachs, Director, Institute of Transportation Studies, University

Sheridan, Jennifer

380

Energy Savings Calculations for Heat Island Reduction Strategies in Baton Rouge, Sacramento and Salt Lake City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shingles on a 20 sloped plywood deck, over a natur- allyup materials on a flat plywood deck, over an unven- tilated1/4 asphalt shingle 3/4 plywood decking (20 slope) 2x4

Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Cool roofs as an energy conservation measure for federal buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of asphalt shingle, plywood, with an attic cavity andbuilt-up roofs with inch plywood, attic space, and an R-11a combination of stucco, plywood, insulation and gypsum, or

Taha, Haider; Akbari, Hashem

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Discovery and Cross-Amplification of Microsatellite Polymorphisms in Asterinid Sea Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

..................................................................................................................................... 1 History of SLAMM and Typical Uses when comparing actual field measurements to the solutions obtained from model algorithms. History, but the street textures were quite different. The good-condition asphalt streets were quite smooth, while the oil

383

Table 3.5 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by Source ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1972. 5,415 -26: 13,198 : 7,552: 1,682: 2,834 : 35,346 : ... 8 Asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, ... "State Energy Data 2010: Prices and Expenditures"

384

Table 3.3 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by Source, 1970 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, ... 1972.45.68: 1.22.79: 1.49: 2.88.62: 1.49: 1.78.18: ... 7 Consumption-weighted average price for asphalt and road oil, ...

385

Table 3.3 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by Source, 1970 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1972.45.68 : 1.22.79: 1.49 : 2.88.62: 1.49 : ... 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. ... 7 Consumption-weighted average price for asphalt and road oil, ...

386

Table 3.5 Consumer Expenditure Estimates for Energy by Source ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1972. 5,415-26: 13,198: 7,552: 1,682: 2,834: 35,346: 3,458: ... 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. ... 8 Asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, kerosene, ...

387

Table 3.3 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by Source, 1970 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1972.45.68: 1.22.79: 1.49: 2.88.62: 1.49: 1.78.18: ... 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. ... 7 Consumption-weighted average price for asphalt and road oil, ...

388

John C. Daly: A Life of Public Service in a Changing Santa Cruz, 1953-2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thing we did, we would play hockey on the asphalt streets.from metal-bladed roller hockey in the streets of thehave a puck, and then our hockey sticks. Wed spend an hour,

Daly, John C.; Vanderscoff, Cameron

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

U.S. Blender Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Asphalt and Road Oil-5: 0: 1: 0: 0: 1: 2009-2013: Miscellaneous Products : 2009-2009: Processing Gain(-) or Loss(+) 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 2009-2013

390

North Louisiana and Arkansas Refinery and Blender Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Asphalt and Road Oil: 1,036: 994: 892: 921: 1,047: 963: 1993-2013: ... Miscellaneous Products: 17: 19: 14: 18: 21: 22: 1995-2013: Processing Gain(-) ...

391

CSV  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Missouri","Total","Texas Inland","Texas Gulf Coast","Louisiana Gulf Coast ... 7,084" "Asphalt and Road Oil","1,256","674","1,930","3,528 ... Loss ...

392

CSV  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Missouri","Total","Texas Inland","Texas Gulf Coast","Louisiana Gulf Coast ... 5.4" "Asphalt and Road Oil","3.9","23.7","5.5","5.3","11.0 ... Loss ...

393

EFFECTS OF BENZO(A)PYRENE ON THE EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF CALIFORNIA GRUNION, LEURESTHES TENUIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fallout. This study is the first to examine the effects of BaP on the embryonic development of a teleost effluents, runoff of asphalt roads, creosoted pilings, and at- mospheric fallout (Andelman and Suess 1970

394

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Oportunities for the Concrete Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ng. 1993. Analysis of Process Energy Use of Asphalt-MixingPlants. Energy, 18 (7), pp.769-777. American TruckingRaw Material Balances, Energy profiles and Environmental

Kermeli, Katerina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

CX-008766: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Asphalt Repair and Concrete Work Activities at the Grand Junction, Colorado, Disposal Site CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/18/2012 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Legacy Management

396

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NA, TBD FE OIOSite Operations Division Through end of FY2014 Ron Tatom (531) 967-5909 NETL: Albany, Oregon Building 4 Re-Roofing Project Replace asphalt composition roof on B-4....

397

West Coast (PADD 5) Product Supplied for Crude Oil and Petroleum ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

5-23-1: 2004-2013: Catalyst: 30: 30: 32: 30: 32: 35: 2004-2013: Asphalt and Road Oil: 9: 1: 8: 11: 16: 25: 1981-2013: Still Gas: 120: 116: 123: 123: 127: 125: 1981 ...

398

NREL: Continuum Magazine - Putting On the Brakes to Protect America...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

beyond. Sustainable Transportation Reaches Across-and Beyond-Parks A photo of three propane buses parked on asphalt road in treed park setting with stone cliffs in the...

399

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for petroleum refineries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asphalt Hydrogen Coke Sulfur Capacity Distribution (Barrelstill gas, natural gas, and coke. Other CO2 Emissions (MtCE)Coal Natural Gas Petroleum Coke Still Gas Residual Fuel oil

Worrell, Ernst; Galitsky, Christina

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 117: Area 26 Pluto Disassembly Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Closure Report (CR) presents information supporting the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 117: Area 26 Pluto Disassembly Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada. This CR complies with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order that was agreed to by the State of Nevada; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Management; U.S. Department of Defense; and DOE, Legacy Management. Corrective Action Unit 117 comprises Corrective Action Site (CAS) 26-41-01, Pluto Disassembly Facility, located in Area 26 of the Nevada Test Site. The purpose of this CR is to provide documentation supporting the completed corrective actions and provide data confirming that the closure objectives for CAU 117 were met. To achieve this, the following actions were performed: Review the current site conditions, including the concentration and extent of contamination. Implement any corrective actions necessary to protect human health and the environment. Properly dispose of corrective action and investigation wastes. Document Notice of Completion and closure of CAU 117 issued by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection. From May 2008 through February 2009, closure activities were performed as set forth in the Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for Corrective Action Unit 117, Area 26 Pluto Disassembly Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada. The purpose of the activities as defined during the data quality objectives process were: Determine whether contaminants of concern (COCs) are present. If COCs are present, determine their nature and extent, implement appropriate corrective actions, and properly dispose of wastes. Analytes detected during the closure activities were evaluated against final action levels to determine COCs for CAU 117. Assessment of the data generated from closure activities indicated that the final action levels were exceeded for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) reported as total Aroclor and radium-226. A corrective action was implemented to remove approximately 50 cubic yards of PCB-contaminated soil, approximately 1 cubic foot of radium-226 contaminated soil (and scabbled asphalt), and a high-efficiency particulate air filter that was determined to meet the criteria of a potential source material (PSM). Electrical and lighting components (i.e., PCB-containing ballasts and capacitors) and other materials (e.g., mercury-containing thermostats and switches, lead plugs and bricks) assumed to be PSM were also removed from Building 2201, as practical, without the need for sampling. Because the COC contamination and PSMs have been removed, clean closure of CAS 26-41-01 is recommended, and no use restrictions are required to be placed on this CAU. No further action is necessary because no other contaminants of potential concern were found above preliminary action levels. The physical end state for Building 2201 is expected to be eventual demolition to slab. The DOE, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office provides the following recommendations: Clean closure is the recommended corrective action for CAS 26-41-01 in CAU 117. A Notice of Completion to the DOE, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office is requested from the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection for closure of CAU 117. Corrective Action Unit 117 should be moved from Appendix III to Appendix IV of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order.

Mark Burmeister

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

CX-004400: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Repair Brick Support Plates on Connecting Bridges - Building 58CX(s) Applied: B2.3Date: 11/05/2010Location(s): Allegheny City, PennsylvaniaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

402

FY 2002 Progress Report for Automotive Lightweighting Materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tube 7: Vertical Furnace 8: Crucible 9: Slag 10: Platform Disk 11: Insulation Brick 12: Brass Cover Plate 13 Argon Inlet 5 2 1 4 3 6 7 8 9 10 12 5 11 13 Automotive Lightweighting...

403

Industrial Sector Energy Conservation Programs in the People's Republic of China during the Seventh Five-Year Plan (1986-1990)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industries Industry Bricks Cement Lime Plate Glass CeramicsIndustry furnaces for household glass, enamel, and ceramicsindustry waste heat from blast furnaces is used to dry primary ceramic and

Zhiping, L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Toward Information Infrastructure Studies: Ways of Knowing in a Networked Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and communications networks. Beyond bricks, mortar, pipes or wires, infrastructure also encompasses more abstract. Hunsinger et al. (eds.), International Handbook of Internet Research, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4020-9789-8_5, C

Ribes, David

405

The Role of Leadership in Starting and Operating Blended Learning Charter Schools: A Multisite Case Study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Heavily utilizing both instructional technology and face-to-face instruction within a bricks-and-mortar school environment, blended learning charter schools are gaining attention as a cost-effective school design. (more)

Agostini, Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Imaging Study of Multi-Crystalline Silicon Wafers Throughout the Manufacturing Process: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Imaging techniques are applied to multi-crystalline silicon bricks, wafers at various process steps, and finished solar cells. Photoluminescence (PL) imaging is used to characterize defects and material quality on bricks and wafers. Defect regions within the wafers are influenced by brick position within an ingot and height within the brick. The defect areas in as-cut wafers are compared to imaging results from reverse-bias electroluminescence and dark lock-in thermography and cell parameters of near-neighbor finished cells. Defect areas are also characterized by defect band emissions. The defect areas measured by these techniques on as-cut wafers are shown to correlate to finished cell performance.

Johnston, S.; Yan, F.; Zaunbracher, K.; Al-Jassim, M.; Sidelkheir, O.; Blosse, A.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Figure 1. Corridor Facility, with Dimensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The floor is of brick laid on sand. ... If all the cribs for a given test have the same la-tight loss history as the centrally located crib, the total mass burning ...

2004-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

408

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the wall Lead bricks and shielding materials from decades-past experiments posed a health and environment hazard and occupied much-needed work space. A cross-organizational...

409

Hard Work, Hard Times: Global Volatility and African Subjectivities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. immigration and home- land security bureaucracy whileStates Department of Home- land Security, 146, 147 Unitedhomes both as the brick and-mortar basis of fundamen- tal security

Makhulu, Anne-Maria; Buggenhagen, Beth A.; Jackson, Stephen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Facilities & Capabilities | Nuclear Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Irradiated Material Examination and Testing (IMET) Facility was designed and built as a hot cell facility. It is a two-story block and brick structure with a two-story high bay...

411

Effective Utilization of Wastes Generated in the Integrated ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick Study on the In-Situ Remediation of ...

412

Study on the In-Situ Remediation of Cr-Contaminated Soil by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick Study on the In-Situ Remediation of ...

413

Novel Technology for Wastewater Treatment by Biologics in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick Study on the In-Situ Remediation of ...

414

Analysis of Light Hydrocarbon Gases in the Pyrolysis and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick Study on the In-Situ Remediation of ...

415

Recycling General Sessions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick Study on the In-Situ Remediation of ...

416

Smooth mixed-resolution GPU volume rendering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a mixed-resolution volume ray-casting approach that enables more flexibility in the choice of downsampling positions and filter kernels, allows freely mixing volume bricks of different resolutions during rendering, and does not require modifying ...

Johanna Beyer; Markus Hadwiger; Torsten Mller; Laura Fritz

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

About this Abstract  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of Light Hydrocarbon Gases in the Pyrolysis and Combustion ... Effective Utilization of Wastes Generated in the Integrated Aluminium Production - A Review ... Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick .

418

Evaluating the Compressive Strength and Microstructure of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of Light Hydrocarbon Gases in the Pyrolysis and Combustion ... Effective Utilization of Wastes Generated in the Integrated Aluminium Production - A Review ... Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick .

419

Evolutionary algorithms for compiler-enabled program autotuning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PetaBricks [4, 21, 7, 3, 5] is an implicitly parallel programming language which, through the process of autotuning, can automatically optimize programs for fast QoS-aware execution on any hardware. In this thesis we develop ...

Pacula, Maciej

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Mr. William E. Mott, Acting Director Environmental Control Technology...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

square feet. It was an old-fashioned brick and mill con- struction building of the light manufacturing type; foundation wails were in general made of stone, and all exterior...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Thermodynamic Equilibrium of Hydroxyl Complex Ions in Mn2+-H2O ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick Study on the In-Situ Remediation of

422

Preliminary Research on Preparation Al-Si-Ti Alloy With Aluminum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick Study on the In-Situ Remediation of

423

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick Study on the In-Situ Remediation of

424

Preparation of Potassium Ferrate by Hypochlorite Oxidation Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stabilization of Chromium-based Slags with MgO Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick Study on the In-Situ Remediation of

425

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NA Not yet awarded. DOENETL NA NETLSODS 2010 Thomas W. Snyder 120 Days from NTP NETL South Park Twp, Allegheny Cty, PA Building 74 Exterior Brick Work Repair deteriorated...

426

Urban solarium : thermal performance in Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the issue of energy efficiency through the lens of thermal performance in the context of urban housing in the city of Boston. Located in the historic brick row house neighborhood of the South End, the ...

Hsu, Juliet Chia-Wen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Inter-organizational information sharing of customer data in retail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As massive online retailers are putting increasing pressure on the traditional brick-and-mortar retailers, new ways to compete for customers is needed. Identifying customers' behavior and understanding their needs could ...

Tengberg, John C.F. (John Claes Fredrik)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

New Corrosion Resistance Bar in Sandwich Wall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandwich masonry wall is an energy-saving composite wall with good mechanical properties and durability. But the adhesion strength to its tie bar affects its permanence. In order to simple the traditional production processes, a new method was proposed. ... Keywords: energy-saving, durability, steel bar, insulation

Li Yancang; Ge Xiaohua; Wang Fengxin

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Polystyrene foams for thermal insulation. (Latest citations from the Rubber and Plastics Research Asociation database). Published Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the use of polystyrene foam as a thermal insulator. References discuss applications in railroad tracks, masonry walls, foundations for shallow buildings, and commercial roofing. Use as a vibration medium is referenced. Topics include designing with foam and self-extinguishing foams. (Contains a minimum of 77 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

BidOpportunity Bid Opportunity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

enclosures at air vents, masonry, metal stairs, cast in place concrete, fire protection, gas for waste water of West 129th Street in Manhattan. The structures total approximately 600,000 square feet. The supply and installation of plumbing and fire protection systems for the central energy building are not part

Lazar, Aurel A.

431

Fireplaces: Studies in contrasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficient, environmentally friendly and safe alternatives to the outmoded conventional fireplace are described in this article. Topics include the following: how wood burns; efficiency of fireplaces; air requirements of fireplaces; fireplaces and indoor air quality; conventional solutions; technology revolution; air pollution and conventional woodstoves; advanced combustion woodstoves; the preferred option; pellet fireplaces and masonry heaters; gas-burning fireplaces. 4 figs.

Hayden, A.C.S. [Combustion and Carbonization Research Laboratory, Ottowa (Canada)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Yale University HEALTH & SAFETY ADVISORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renovation Electric ­ Temporary Elevated Work - Fall Protection Excavation Concrete Masonry Scaffolding Steel Yale's long-term goal to experience average loss time frequency rates below 1.0 and average OSHA recordable incident rates below 2.5 on all projects. This Advisory provides Contractors with safety

Cooley, Lynn

433

S E R I E S SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THERMAL INSULATION CLAY BLOCK MASONRY HOUSES S. Lu, A. Jäger Wienerberger AG, Vienna, Austria L. Mendes, P, Belgium V. Sendova, Z. Rakicevic IZIIS, Skopje, Macedonia M. Tomazevic Slovenian National Building but also for thermal insulation in order to fulfill the strict legal requirements for heating

434

Behaviour of the sustainable fiber reinforced concrete with recycled aggregate after loading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an experimental investigation of fiber reinforced concrete made from construction and demolition waste - recycled concrete and masonry aggregate with and without polypropylene fibres. This work was aimed at evaluating physical - mechanical ... Keywords: composite material, ductility, fiber reinforced concrete, fibres, flexural strength, properties, pseudo-working diagram, splitting strength

Vladimira Vytlacilova

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING MODELS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY CONTROL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Vietnam, may 2010 ARCH EFFECT OF CURVED GRAVITY DAMS ( *) Tobias GEBLER Dipl.-Ing., University Stuttgart GERMANY 1. INTRODUCTION Since 1890 more than 80 gravity dams have been constructed in Germany. The oldest was chosen over masonry as the preferred method of construction. Gravity dams resist external loads by virtue

Greenberg, Harvey J.

436

THE U.S. CONGRESS THE U.S. SECRETARY OF ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Vietnam, may 2010 ARCH EFFECT OF CURVED GRAVITY DAMS ( *) Tobias GEBLER Dipl.-Ing., University Stuttgart GERMANY 1. INTRODUCTION Since 1890 more than 80 gravity dams have been constructed in Germany. The oldest was chosen over masonry as the preferred method of construction. Gravity dams resist external loads by virtue

437

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Yield Yield Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Distillate Fuel Oil A general classification for one of the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distillation operations. It includes diesel fuels and fuel oils. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuel are used in on-highway diesel engines, such as those in trucks and automobiles, as well as off-highway engines, such as those in railroad locomotives and agricultural machinery. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils are used primarily for space heating and electric power generation.

438

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-12-026.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 DIRECTIONS: Responsible Managers, Program Environmental Lead (PEL), and Environmental Support personnel complete this form by following the instructions found at the beginning of each section and submit to Environmental Support & Services (see Environmental Points of Contact, NEPA/Environmental Checklist Support at http://webfiles/es&h/es&s/contacts.pdf). Enter a Valid Charge Number: 101653B80 SECTION A. Project Title: Upgrade to the Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) Wall at Test Reactor Area (TRA)-670 SECTION B. Project Description The purpose of this project is to ensure the concrete masonry unit (CMU) separating the control room and the Reactor Data Acquisition System (RDAS) room located at TRA-670 meets the PC-4 seismic standard. The following is the summary of the overall upgrade modification approach for the 4" CMU.

439

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-INL-12-026.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 DIRECTIONS: Responsible Managers, Program Environmental Lead (PEL), and Environmental Support personnel complete this form by following the instructions found at the beginning of each section and submit to Environmental Support & Services (see Environmental Points of Contact, NEPA/Environmental Checklist Support at http://webfiles/es&h/es&s/contacts.pdf). Enter a Valid Charge Number: 101653B80 SECTION A. Project Title: Upgrade to the Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) Wall at Test Reactor Area (TRA)-670 SECTION B. Project Description The purpose of this project is to ensure the concrete masonry unit (CMU) separating the control room and the Reactor Data Acquisition System (RDAS) room located at TRA-670 meets the PC-4 seismic standard. The following is the summary of the overall upgrade modification approach for the 4" CMU.

440

Microhydropower Conveyance and Filter Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conveyance and Filter Basics Conveyance and Filter Basics Microhydropower Conveyance and Filter Basics August 16, 2013 - 3:53pm Addthis Before water enters the turbine or waterwheel of a microhydropower system, it is funneled through a series of components that control its flow and filter out debris. These components include the headrace, forebay, and water conveyance (or channel, pipeline, or penstock). The headrace is a waterway that runs parallel to the water source. A headrace is sometimes necessary for hydropower systems when insufficient head, or vertical drop, is provided and is usually constructed of cement or masonry. The headrace leads to the forebay, which also is made of concrete or masonry. It functions as a settling pond for large debris that would otherwise flow into the system and damage the turbine.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Finite element analysis of the Arquin-designed CMU wall under a dynamic (blast) load.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Arquin Corporation designed a CMU (concrete masonry unit) wall construction and reinforcement technique that includes steel wire and polymer spacers that is intended to facilitate a faster and stronger wall construction. Since the construction method for an Arquin-designed wall is different from current wall construction practices, finite element computer analyses were performed to estimate the ability of the wall to withstand a hypothetical dynamic load, similar to that of a blast from a nearby explosion. The response of the Arquin wall was compared to the response of an idealized standard masonry wall exposed to the same dynamic load. Results from the simulations show that the Arquin wall deformed less than the idealized standard wall under such loading conditions. As part of a different effort, Sandia National Laboratories also looked at the relative static response of the Arquin wall, results that are summarized in a separate SAND Report.

Lopez, Carlos; Petti, Jason P.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Comment submitted by CertainTeed Corporation regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

From: Snyder, Richard A. (Roofing) [mailto:Richard.A.Snyder@saint-gobain.com] From: Snyder, Richard A. (Roofing) [mailto:Richard.A.Snyder@saint-gobain.com] Sent: Monday, May 09, 2011 1:02 PM To: ESTAR_Verification_Testing Cc: Chad.Fisher@us.ul.com; Matt.Overbee@ulenvironment.com; Brandt, Jim C. Subject: Verification Testing Concerns - Asphalt Roofing Products Importance: High Kathleen, I have many concerns and questions about Energy Star Verification program as it relates to Asphalt Roofing Shingles. I am VERY concerned because the attachment seems to imply that a decision on this matter could be made TODAY!!! Is that a possibility? I am not aware of much discussion going on, but if there is please make it public and let me know where to view it. 1) My first question is...is the attached document meant to cover asphalt roofing shingles? Many

443

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

F F Data and Methodology Changes in the State Energy Data System Tables and data files in the State Energy Data System (SEDS) supply a new year of data each production cycle. The latest data may be prelimi- nary and, therefore, revised the following cycle. Changes made to consumption and price source data for historical years are also regularly incorporated into SEDS. Listed below are changes in SEDS contents beyond the standard updates. Coal Beginning in 2008, the residential sector is no longer covered in any EIA surveys on coal consumption and distribution. Consequently, residential coal consumption is assumed to be zero for 2008 forward. Petroleum Asphalt and Road Oil For 2009 forward, state-level asphalt and road oil sales are no longer avail- able from the Asphalt Usage Survey for the United States and Canada. The nor- malized median state shares based on 1996-2008 sales data are

444

CX-007643: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

43: Categorical Exclusion Determination 43: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007643: Categorical Exclusion Determination Construction of 37 Parking Spaces South of 251-4F CX(s) Applied: B1.15 Date: 01/17/2012 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office Mixed Oxide Services proposes the construction of approximately 37 parking spaces immediately south of the existing 251-4F electrical substation. The existing asphalt will be resurfaced with approximately one inch of asphalt. The existing unenergized power pole, sign for the 251-4F substation, and bollards will be removed by cutting them flush with the existing asphalt surface prior to resurfacing. CX-007643.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-007631: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007642: Categorical Exclusion Determination

445

Paving Mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This test method describes the procedure for determining the theoretical maximum specific gravity (also known as Rice specific gravity) and density of uncompacted hot mix asphalt (HMA) at 77?F using the weighing in air method. A supplemental dry back procedure is provided for reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and for HMA where combined virgin aggregate water absorption is 2.0 % or more determined by California Test 206 and 207. The theoretical maximum specific gravities and densities of HMA are intrinsic properties whose values are influenced by the composition of the mixtures in terms of types and amounts of aggregates and asphalt binder materials. They are: 1. Used to calculate values for percent air voids in compacted HMA. 2. Used to establish target values for the compaction of HMA. 3. Essential when calculating the amount of binder absorbed by the internal porosity of the individual aggregate particles in HMA. B. REFERENCES

C. Apparatus

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Use of recycled materials in highway construction. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The major objectives of this study were to examine: (1) the types of recycled materials that are appropriate and feasible as alternative paving materials, such as glass and tires; and (2) the types of recycled materials, such as mixed-plastics and compost, that can be utilized in all types of transportation applications other than pavements. Seven key products are investigated: (1) tires, (2) glass, (3) asphalt concrete, (4) fly ash, (5) compost, (6) mixed plastics, and (7) aluminum sign stock. Performance and cost data for rubber-asphalt pavements is documented for both in-state and nationwide applications. The national experience with the use of waste glass as an additive to asphalt concrete and its use in unbound base materials is also highlighted. Programs for experimental use of recycled materials are outlined. Recommendations for staffing and program changes to deal with recycling issues are also discussed.

Swearingen, D.L.; Jackson, N.C.; Anderson, K.W.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Construction safety in DOE. Part 2, Students guide  

SciTech Connect

This report is the second part of a compilation of safety standards for construction activities on DOE facilities. This report covers the following areas: floor and wall openings; cranes, derricks, hoists, elevators, and conveyors; motor vehicles, mechanized equipment, and marine operations; excavations; concrete and masonry construction; steel erection; underground construction, caisson, cofferdams, and compressed air; demolition; blasting and the use of explosives; power transmission and distribution; rollover protective structures, overhead protection; and ladders.

Handwerk, E.C.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Passive test-cell experiments during the winter of 1979-1980  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the winter of 1979-80 the performance of a variety of passive solar heating configurations in 14 passive test cells were monitored. The cells included attached greenhouses, masonry and water walls with black-chrome absorber surfaces, night insulation, and phase-change thermal storage walls. The results of these side-by-side tests were used to make quantitative comparisons of the delivered performance of these configurations for the conditions under which they were tested.

Hyde, J.C.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Slide 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

th and 10 th May 2007 E H Perrott NUKEM Limited Pile 1 Foil Hole Inspections Pile 1 Foil Hole Inspections The core structure Horizontal channels and vertical penetrations are formed by the profile of adjacent graphite bricks A Single full height pile 1 graphite brick on the left with three bricks together on the right showing how the pile horizontal fuel channel;s are formed Slat groove Position of isotope channels Three further blocks added to show the slat groove arrangement at the top of the blocks. On the right three slats have been added Wigner gaps Two tiles are added to show their positioning. On the right a further block and further tiles and slats added allowing the location of cast iron top tiles to be shown. Diagram showing how two machined blocks go

450

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NJ-City-Brick, Township of NJ-City-Brick, Township of Location: City Brick, Township of NJ American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description 1) Upgrade/retrofit windows at Municipal Building, 2) upgrade HVAC drives and pumps at Municipal Building and upgrade HVAC controls at Municipal Building, and 3) install a small-scale (10 kW) wind turbine at the Drum Point Sports Complex/Department of Parks and Recreation Maintenance Building. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21 This action would not: threaten a violation of applicable statutory, regulatory, or permit requirements for environment, safety, and health,

451

Experimental study of a fiber absorber-suppressor modified Trombe wall  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An experimental study has been conducted to ascertain the effects of introducing fiber bed absorbers on Trombe wall passive solar collectors. Two identical, Trombe wall passive solar units were constructed that incorporate the basic components of masonry collector-storage walls: glazings, masonry and thermal insulation. Both units were extensively instrumented with thermocouples and heat flux transducers. Ambient temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and insolation are also measured. In the first part of the study the two Trombe wall units were tested with a single glass cover. The thermal performance of both units was found to be virtually identical. In the second part of the study a single cover Trombe wall unit was compared with a double cover unit and the latter was found to have higher air gap and masonry wall temperatures and heat fluxes. In the final phase of the experiment, an absorbing, scattering and emitting fiberglass-like material was placed in the air gap of the single gazed wall. Tests were conducted to compare the solar-thermal performance, heat loss and gain characteristics between the units with and without the fiber absorber-suppressor. This experiment showed that the fiber bed served to decouple the wall at night from its exterior environment and to reduce the heat losses. The modified Trombe wall with the fiber absorber-suppressor out-performed the double glazed Trombe wall system by approximately ten percent gain in useable thermal energy. Also, the fiber bed eliminates one glazing thereby reducing system cost as well.

Choudhury, D; Birkebak, R C

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Regenerative air heater  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-cooled steel skirt is used to support a refractory cored brick matrix and dome structure in a high temperature regenerative air heater useful in magnetohydrodynamic power generation. The steel skirt thermally expands to accommodate the thermal expansion of the dome structure despite substantial temperature differential thereby reducing relative movement between the dome bricks. Gas cooling of the steel skirt allows the structure to operate above its normal temperature during clean-out cycles and also allows for the control of the thermal expansion of the steel skirt.

Hasselquist, Paul B. (Maple Grove, MN); Baldner, Richard (Minnetonka, MN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Regenerative air heater  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-cooled steel skirt is used to support a refractory cored brick matrix and dome structure in a high temperature regenerative air heater useful in magnetohydrodynamic power generation. The steel skirt thermally expands to accommodate the thermal expansion of the dome structure despite substantial temperature differential thereby reducing relative movement between the dome bricks. Gas cooling of the steel skirt allows the structure to operate above its normal temperature during clean-out cycles and also allows for the control of the thermal expansion of the steel skirt.

Hasselquist, P.B.; Baldner, R.

1980-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

454

U.S. Refinery Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Liquefied Refinery Gases: 11,903: 12,936: 13,591: 20,226: 24,599: 26,928: 2005-2013: ... Asphalt and Road Oil: 10,230: 9,328: 8,595: 9,973: 9,494: 9,914: 2005-2013 ...

455

Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Other Petroleum Products Consumption Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The other petroleum product consumption module of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) model is designed to provide U.S. consumption forecasts for 6 petroleum product categories: asphalt and road oil, petrochemical feedstocks, petroleum coke, refinery still gas, unfinished oils, and other miscvellaneous products

Tancred Lidderdale

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

456

How do we create a m re sustainable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materials such as coal fly ash and slag, and developing new materials such as geopolymer concrete include bituminous concrete (as- phalt), portland cement concrete, and aggregates and soils. The Cen- ter. In the area of bituminous concrete, Center researchers are developing Warm Mix Asphalt technology applications

457

Ernest Graves Abu Ghazala, 219  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASCOM City, 77 Asphalt Paving, viii, 79, 80 Assembly, vii, xi, 36­38, 50, 52, 54, 55, 121, 153, 213), 164, 166, 182, 183 Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Atomic Energy), 88 Atchafalaya River, 162, 20, 92 Atomic Bomb, 51 Atomic Energy, v, ix, xiii, 37, 58, 62, 65, 66, 72, 85, 86, 88­90, 93­96, 144

US Army Corps of Engineers

458

Construction Design anD Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

winds. Cost wise, hail losses in Colorado are 10 times greater than fire losses. Asphalt shingles site development for limited impact, low energy and water consumption, and the use of appropriate of cost effective strate- gies that increase the probability of a building surviving a wildland fire. 1

459

1. Report No. FHWA/LA.08/474  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ground blast furnace slag stabilized BCS base course (called BCS/Slag), the second used a fly ash different base materials, the three APT sections shared a common pavement structure: a 2-in. asphalt wearing,000 ALF load passes. The accelerated loading results generally indicated that the test section with a BCS/Slag

Harms, Kyle E.

460

Elsam Engineering A/S Our ref. HHA/AWK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as hazardous waste. Actually, oven slag is recycled in the asphalt1 industry, and oven slag is not defined...................................................................21 7.2 Energy consumption and consumption of steel plates and stainless steel................................................................................21 7.2.3 Consumption of stainless steel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt masonry bricks" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

HAZARDOUS AND TOXIC AGENTS OR ENVIRONMENTS Table Of Contents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(s) Page Use of Steel Making Slag in Concrete as Sustainable Construction Materials 131 K. Sakata, T. Ayano Materials Comprising Pulverized Plaster Board, Fly Ash and Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag 157 K sectors; dialogue with industry through the Nottingham Asphalt Research Consortium (NARC); close working

US Army Corps of Engineers

462

UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA REHABILITATION OF CRACKED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­carbon composites [19], asphalt [20] and concrete [21]. Resistance heating is not only useful for the heating be reduced by the use of an alkaline slag binder [21]. However, the most effective method of decreasing are undesirable. In contrast, stainless steel fibers (8 µm diameter, 0.7 vol%) cement have a low resistivity of 0

463

Diffusivity of rocks: Gas diffusion measurements and correlation to porosity and pore size distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

work. In addition, 11 repacked sediments and sands were also examined, using a conventional stainless.S. Silica, Ottawa, Illinois), were packed in stainless steel sample holders (inner diameter of 5 cm construction material 3.0 Asphalt concrete Laboratory pressed construction material 4.0 2­8 mm Hanford Site

Hu, Qinhong "Max"

464

ANNUAL REPORT 2002 The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) is responsible  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(s) Page Use of Steel Making Slag in Concrete as Sustainable Construction Materials 131 K. Sakata, T. Ayano Materials Comprising Pulverized Plaster Board, Fly Ash and Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag 157 K sectors; dialogue with industry through the Nottingham Asphalt Research Consortium (NARC); close working

Haviland, David

465

Elsam Engineering A/S Our ref. HHA/AAH/AWK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

been defined as hazardous waste. Actually, the oven slag is reused in the asphalt 5 industry the following removal scenario: Material Scenario Steel 90% recycling Cast iron 90% recycling Stainless steel 90-to-date and not to dispose of waste correctly. Oven slag is produced when manufacturing steel, and in the UMIP oven slag has

466

List of Publications Andia, P.C., F. Costanzo, and G.L. Gray, 2000 "On the estimation of intrinsic stresses and elastic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Fundamental Asphalt Mixture Properties", Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 16, Issue 5 of the 8th ACI/CANMET International Conference on Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag, and Natural Pozzolans, and K.P. Maynard, 2007, "Torsion response of a cracked stainless steel shaft," Fat. Fract. Engng. Mat

Demirel, Melik C.

467

EVALUATION OF CORROSION PROTECTION METHODS FOR REINFORCED CONCRETE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expensive option, other than #12;iii stainless steel-clad reinforcement. Hot rubberized asphalt and spray-cost backup to many other corrosion protection options. Research on stainless steel reinforcement indicates discount rate (2%), solid stainless steel reinforcement is a cost- effective option compared to other

Peterson, Blake R.

468

Experimental and numerical characterization of a membrane material for orthotropic steel deck bridges: Part 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preliminary analyses have shown that membrane materials, connecting mastic asphalt surfacings to plates of orthotropic steel deck bridges, play an extremely important role in determining the structural response of these types of bridges. This necessitates ... Keywords: Constitutive model, Four-point shear test, Global model concept, Membrane, Orthotropic steel bridges

T. O. Medani; X. Liu; M. Huurman; A. Scarpas; A. A. A. Molenaar

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Sustainability Steering Committee Tuesday, July 6, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Action Plan The three working groups (Waste, Transportation and Energy) have had initial meetings Sullivan Kate Whalen, Co-Chair By invitation: Jay Carter Cathie Miller Regrets: Kevin Beatty Paula Brown, but lifecycle costs are lower as repairs are not needed as frequently as with asphalt 4. Energy 4.1 Climate

Haykin, Simon

470

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2002 1 Atmospheric Correction of Landsat ETM+ Land  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is located northeast of Washington DC covering NASA/GSFC (Goddard Space Flight Center) and USDA (U, 1999 before and after atmospheric correction. Washington DC is in the lower left corner asphalt plots). The mean reflectance values of a 3 by 3 pixel window for each plot were calculated

Liang, Shunlin

471

1996 worldwide refining survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data are presented on the capacity of refineries for the following processes: vacuum distillation, coking, catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, catalytic hydrocracking, catalytic hydrorefining, and catalytic hydrotreating. Production capacities are also noted for alkylation, polymerization/dimerization, aromatics, isomerization, lubricants, oxygenates, hydrogen, coke, sulfur, and asphalts. Country totals are given, as well as the data for individual companies within each country, state, or province.

NONE

1996-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

472

Worldwide refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper consists of several tables compiling data on refinery capacities by country, by state, and by company. The capacity data are given by process as well as by final product. Processes include vacuum distillation, thermal operations, catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, catalytic hydrocracking, catalytic hydrorefining, and catalytic hydrotreating. Products include alkylates, polymers, and dimers; aromatics and isomers; oxygenates; hydrogen; asphalts; and coke.

Williamson, M.

1994-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

473

Worldwide refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data are presented on refining capacity by country and by company within each country. Capacity data are divided into the following processes: vacuum distillation, thermal operations, catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, catalytic hydrocracking, catalytic hydrorefining, and catalytic hydrotreating. Production capacity is divided into: alkylation/polymerization/dimerization; aromatics/isomerization; lubricants; oxygenates; hydrogen; petroleum coke; and asphalts.

NONE

1995-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

474

Polymerized crumb rubber modified mixtures in Minnesota. Final report, 1991-1993  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the research program were to: (1) Define asphalt-rubber interactions; (2) Conduct a preliminary assessment of both laboratory tests and the resulting mixture properties of crumb rubber modified bituminous (CRM) mixtures; (3) Evaluate both the fundamental properties and field performance of CRM mixtures.

Newcomb, D.E.; Stroup-Gardiner, M.; Kim, J.R.; Allen, B.; Wattenhoffer-Spry, J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Recycled roads  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the efforts of various states in the USA to recycle waste materials in highway construction as fill and pavements. The topics of the article include recycling used tires whole, ground, and shredded, cost of recycling, wood fiber chips as fill material in embankments, and mining wastes used to construct embankments and as coarse aggregates in asphalt pavement.

Tarricone, P.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Table 39. Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by State as of January 1, 2003  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

State/Refiner/Location Alkylates Aromatics State/Refiner/Location Alkylates Aromatics Isobutane Lubricants Isomers Isopentane and Isohexane Asphalt and Road Oil Marketable Petroleum Coke Hydrogen (MMcfd) Sulfur (short tons per day) Table 4. Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by State as of January 1, 2013 (Barrels per Stream Day, Except Where Noted) Isooctane a

477

Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.6 Embodied Energy of Building Assemblies  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Embodied Energy of Commercial Concrete Exterior Walls in the U.S. Embodied Energy CO2 Equivalent (MMBtu/SF) (1) Emissions (lbs/SF) U.S. North (2) U.S. South (3) U.S. North (2) U.S. South (3) 8" Concrete Block (4) Brick Cladding 0.26 0.26 42.59 42.37 Stucco Cladding 0.25 0.25 40.17 39.95 Steel Cladding 0.41 0.41 67.77 67.57 2x4 Steel Stud Wall (16" OC) 0.24 0.24 39.46 39.24 6" Cast-In-Place Concrete (3) Brick Cladding 0.13 0.13 24.43 24.21 Stucco Cladding 0.11 0.11 22.00 21.78 Steel Cladding 0.28 0.27 49.60 49.41 2x4 Steel Stud Wall (16" OC) 0.11 0.11 21.30 21.08 8" Concrete Tilt-Up (4) Brick Cladding 0.14 0.14 28.26 28.04 Stucco Cladding 0.12 0.12 25.84 25.62 Steel Cladding 0.29 0.28 53.44 53.24 2x4 Steel Stud Wall (16" OC) 0.12 0.12 25.13 24.91 Insulated Concrete Forms (5) Brick Cladding

478

Casualties and smoke emissions from regional and global nuclear conflict.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, fires ignited 2 km from ground zero at Hiroshima Bombs cause 3 types of damage Blast wave, destroys by 50, 15 kton weapons 4 million people #12;Fires in Hiroshima after the atomic blast Fire storm,neutrons Thermal radiation, fires ignited 2 km from ground zero at Hiroshima Blast wave, destroys brick buildings 2

Robock, Alan

479

SENSIBLE HEAT STORAGE FOR A SOLAR THERMAL POWER PLANT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nZ The brick and gas heat capacities, cross-sectional areaConductivity! 10B9"K, W! mOK Heat Capacity! 1089K, J/kg"KHelium has the highest heat capacity per unit mass and the

Baldwin, Thomas F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Preparation of Building Material Using Elemental Sulfur and Heavy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Furthermore, when NaOH is applied as an additive in the process of ... Effect of Processes in Degraded Decoloration of Frying Oil Treated with Brazilian Clays ... Novel Technology for Wastewater Treatment by Biologics in Hydrometallurgical ... Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick.

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481

Utilization of Brazilian Waste Mica in Preparation of Pigments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effect of Processes in Degraded Decoloration of Frying Oil Treated with Brazilian Clays ... Novel Technology for Wastewater Treatment by Biologics in Hydrometallurgical ... Study on the EMD Residue and Shale for Preparing Solidification Brick ... Bioremediation in Soils Contaminated by Chromate Ore Processing Residue.

482

In this issue: Volume 27, No. 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diagram of Leg 184 coring results as a function of age. Horizontal line patterns are clay and silt; brick flux into the newly opened nar- row basin. This is in contrast to the Sea of Japan where initial sedimentation rates (solid line), vs. age. A) Complete section for the three deepest sites. B. Close

483

Wardropper, J. (2006) "Hospitals Built by the Owners of Industry, For Their Workers, in Great Britain 1840-1950". Rosetta 1: 22-30 http://www.rosetta.bham.ac.uk/Issue_01/Wardropper.htm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the work force. Hospitals identified, in Great Britain, were associated with mineral mining; the coal from the Company coal mines, brick works and foundry, and their injuries included crushed hands industry. It was found that the following industries often had hospitals for their workers: mining, civil

Miall, Chris

484

Game Industry A (Very) Brief History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Wii ­ Online distribution (Xbox Live Arcade, Wii Ware, PSN Store) ­ Sony and Microsoft fight about this later in the week #12;Distribution Channels · Physical media (still dominates) ­ Brick ­ Steam ­ PSN Store ­ Xbox Marketplace ­ Apple iTunes #12;The Business of Making Games · Complex

Stephenson, Ben

485

Carnegie Mellon University CARNEGIE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

...................................................................................................... 22 Figure 4.3. Damaged area after Hurricane Wilma (2005), courtesy of the Miami-Dade County Office list describe techniques examined in this thesis. 2.2.1. Storm shutters Miami-Dade County Office researchers at Vermont School of Law, the Miami-Dade County Department of Emergency Management, Brick Rule

486

BitVault: a highly reliable distributed data retention platform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes our experience designing and implementing BitVault: a content-addressable retention platform for large volumes of reference data -- seldom-changing information that needs to be retained for a long time. BitVault uses "smart bricks" ...

Zheng Zhang; Qiao Lian; Shiding Lin; Wei Chen; Yu Chen; Chao Jin

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Curriculum Vitae Howard Georgi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ph.D. Research Project Search of the Higgs boson in the two photon final state Ph.D. candidate of the Higgs boson. My Ph.D. reasearch project will focus on the Higgs boson searches in the two photon decay channel. The Higgs boson It is still one the missing bricks of the Standard Model. The actual Spontaneous

Liu, X. Shirley

488

How law grad David Shore  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ph.D. Research Project Search of the Higgs boson in the two photon final state Ph.D. candidate of the Higgs boson. My Ph.D. reasearch project will focus on the Higgs boson searches in the two photon decay channel. The Higgs boson It is still one the missing bricks of the Standard Model. The actual Spontaneous

489

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compressive strength) with wood ash or its blends with coal fly ash (up to 40 %) as partial replacement of cement; and (4) good quality bricks/blocks/paving stones with wood ash or its blends with coal fly ash-entrained structural-grade concrete up to 28-day compressive strength of 50 MPa with wood or its blends (up to 40

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

490

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

clay bricks. Based upon previous test data collected from other sources of coal ash, wood ash, and combined coal and wood ash, the Prince Albert ash could be used as a partial replacement of aggregates and of the Prince Albert ash in manufacturing Blended Cements. Soil stabilization or site remediation is another

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

491

IGS-SENSE CONFERENCE RESILIENT SOCIETIES -GOVERNING RISK AND VULNERABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

realise by accelerating water production to meet the demand for drinking water, more sludge is produced the recycled sludges produced by Dutch water companies are widely used for brick making, materials for road to reduce the amount of sludge produced? This was the concern of Syabas, the private water operator

Twente, Universiteit

492

Ha Shengcheng Hajia kun Hawandija yiusanni  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the remaining parts of the familys house and inviting my mother6 and some other members from the family and treating them in a restaurant in the township town. They were given several hundred renminbi, several brick teas and several khadag, a Tibetan ritual...

Ha, Mingzong

2009-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

493

Thermal conductivity modeling of building faade materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental research has been conducted to assess the thermo-physical properties of three building materials in both dry and moist state: beech wood, autoclaved aerated concrete and brick. The objectives of the paper envisage the measurement of the ... Keywords: building materials, contact temperature, determining method, finite element, numerical modeling, thermal conductivity

Monica Chereches; Nelu-Cristian Chereches; Catalin Popovici

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Aerogels: stiff foams composed of up to 99.8% air Silica aerogel is the world's lowest-density solid: 1 mg/cm3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Aerogels: stiff foams composed of up to 99.8% air Silica aerogel is the world's lowest-density solid: 1 mg/cm3 Aerogels hold 15 different records for material properties, including best insulator 2.38 g piece of aerogel supports a 2.5 kg brick. #12;#12;#12;l = m ? n unit vector in orbital space

Fominov, Yakov

495

RSEs for Table C1. Total Energy Consumption by Major Fuel for Non ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wall Material Brick, Stone or Stucco ..... 4.4 4.4 4.3 5.9 5.9 6.5 15.4 23.9 Concrete (Block or Poured) ..... 7.1 6.2 9.5 8.3 8.3 14.9 27 .9 41.6 Concrete Panels ...

496

Table C5. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Census Region ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wall Material Brick, Stone or Stucco ..... 770 1,005 1,009 403 7,248 9,248 11,574 4,747 106.2 108.7 87.2 84.8 Concrete (Block ... Wall or Roof Replacement ...

497

Table E8. Natural Gas Consumption (cubic feet) and Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wall Material Brick, Stone or Stucco ..... 1,093 728 197 91 78 46.4 30.9 8.4 3.8 3.3 Concrete (Block or Poured) ..... 340 234 60 22 23 46.4 32.0 8.3 3.0 3.2 Concrete ...

498

SpaceX-D Manifest USOS (U.S. On-Orbit Segment) Cargo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

range from microbial growth to water purification in microgravity · Ice bricks For cooling and transfer flights Computers and supplies 22 pounds (10 kilograms) · Laptop, batteries, power supply cables Total kilograms) · "Plant Signaling" hardware (16 Experiment Unique Equipment Assemblies) · Plant Signaling seek

499

Community Geothermal Technology Program: Silica bronze project. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Objective was to incorporate waste silica from the HGP-A geothermal well in Pohoiki with other refractory materials for investment casting of bronze sculpture. The best composition for casting is about 50% silica, 25% red cinders, and 25% brick dust; remaining ingredient is a binder, such as plaster and water.

Bianchini, H.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Sunporches brighten city homes  

SciTech Connect

Solar room additions offer a unique opportunity for homeowners in a city like St. Louis with its east/west street pattern and large stock of brick buildings. Passive solar becomes the next best energy investment after the older houses are buttoned up. Two designers present their approaches to sunporches for certain areas.

Sackett, J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z