Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Effect of catalyst structure on oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane and propane on alumina-supported vanadia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

catalysts: (a) ethane ODH, (b) propane ODH (663 K, 14 kPa CDehydrogenation of Ethane and Propane on Alumina-Supporteddehydrogenation of ethane and propane. UV-visible and Raman

Argyle, Morris D.; Chen, Kaidong; Bell, Alexis T.; Iglesia, Enrique

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

The Properties of Liquid Ethane and Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of Liebig's Annalen. Owing to the greater ease with which it undergoes liquefaction, propane was first investigated. The hydrocarbon was obtained in a state of purity by means ... transferred to a gas-holder over water In order to determine the boiling-point of propane, the purified gas was first condensed to the liquid state in a U-tube ...

A. E. TUTTON

1894-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

Novel Methane, Ethane, and Propane Oxidizing Bacteria at Marine Hydrocarbon Seeps Identified by Stable Isotope Probing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Novel Methane, Ethane, and Propane Oxidizing Bacteria at Marine Hydrocarbon Seeps Identified by Stable Isotope Probing Running Title: Novel Methane, Ethane, and Propane Oxidizing Bacteria Section hydrocarbons in surface sediment from the Coal Oil Point seep field, offshore Santa4 Barbara, California. After

Sessions, Alex L.

4

Novel Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Catalysts for the dehydrogenation of light alkanes were prepared by dispersing Pt on the surface of a calcined hydrotalcite-like support containing indium, Mg(In)(Al)O. Upon reduction in H{sub 2} at temperatures above 673 K, bimetallic particles of PtIn are observed by TEM, which have an average diameter of 1 nm. Analysis of Pt LIII-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) data shows that the In content of the bimetallic particles increases with increasing bulk In/Pt ratio and reduction temperature. Pt LIII-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) indicates that an increasing donation of electronic charge from In to Pt occurs with increasing In content in the PtIn particles. The activity and selectivity of the Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation reactions are strongly dependent on the bulk In/Pt ratio. For both reactants, maximum activity was achieved for a bulk In/Pt ratio of 0.48, and at this In/Pt ratio, the selectivity to alkene was nearly 100%. Coke deposition was observed after catalyst use for either ethane or propane dehydrogenation, and it was observed that the alloying of Pt with In greatly reduced the amount of coke deposited. Characterization of the deposit by Raman spectroscopy indicates that the coke is present as highly disordered graphite particles <30 nm in diameter. While the amount of coke deposited during ethane and propane dehydrogenation are comparable, the effects on activity are dependent on reactant composition. Coke deposition had no effect on ethane dehydrogenation activity, but caused a loss in propane dehydrogenation activity. This difference is attributed to the greater ease with which coke produced on the surface of PtIn nanoparticles migrates to the support during ethane dehydrogenation versus propane dehydrogenation.

Sun, Pingping; Siddiqi, Georges; Vining, William C.; Chi, Miaofang; Bell, Alexis T. (UCB); (ORNL)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

5

Application of fluid opacity for determining the phase behavior of binary mixtures near their critical loci – CO2 plus ethane and CO2 plus propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rapid determination of critical data of binary mixtures of carbon dioxide plus propane and carbon dioxide plus ethane has been carried out using the opalescence effect of pure substances or mixtures near ...

A. Martin; Sigmar Mothes; Gerhard Mannsfeld

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Synergistic effect of mixing dimethyl ether with methane, ethane, propane, and ethylene fuels on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and soot formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and soot formation in counterflow diffusion flames of methane, ethane, propane, and ethylene fuels mixed with dimethyl ether (DME) have been investigated. Planar laser-induced incandescence and fluorescence techniques were employed to measure relative soot volume fractions and PAH concentrations, respectively. Results showed that even though DME is known to be a clean fuel in terms of soot formation, DME mixture with ethylene fuel increases PAH and soot formation significantly as compared to the pure ethylene case, while the mixture of DME with methane, ethane, and propane decreases PAH and soot formation. Numerical calculations adopting a detailed kinetics showed that DME can be decomposed to produce a relatively large number of methyl radicals in the low-temperature region where PAH forms and grows; thus the mixture of DME with ethylene increases CH{sub 3} radicals significantly in the PAH formation region. Considering that the increase in the concentration of O radicals is minimal in the PAH formation region with DME mixture, the enhancement of PAH and soot formation in the mixture flames of DME and ethylene can be explained based on the role of methyl radicals in PAH and soot formation. Methyl radicals can increase the concentration of propargyls, which could enhance incipient benzene ring formation through the propargyl recombination reaction and subsequent PAH growth. Thus, the result substantiates the importance of methyl radicals in PAH and soot formation, especially in the PAH formation region of diffusion flames. (author)

Yoon, S.S. [Corporate Research and Development Division, Hyundai-Kia Motors, Gyeonggi-do 445-706 (Korea); Anh, D.H. [Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Daejeon 305-380 (Korea); Chung, S.H. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Experimental and kinetic study of autoignition in methane/ethane/air and methane/propane/air mixtures under engine-relevant conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ignition delay of homogeneous methane/air mixtures enriched with small fractions of ethane/propane was measured using the reflected-shock technique at temperatures from 900 to 1400 K and pressures from 16 to 40 bar. The results show complex effects of ethane/propane on the ignition of methane, but a common trend observed with both hydrocarbons is an increased promotion effect for temperatures below 1100 K. A detailed kinetic mechanism was used to investigate the interaction between ethane/propane and the ignition chemistry of methane under the above conditions. It was found that at relatively low temperatures, the reactions between ethane/propane and methylperoxy (CH{sub 3}O{sub 2}) lead to an enhanced rate of formation of OH radicals in the initiation phase of the ignition. By systematically applying the quasi-steady-state assumptions to the intermediate species involved in the main reaction path identified, we have achieved an analytical description of the ignition process in the transitional temperature regime. The analytical solutions agree reasonably well with the detailed kinetic model and the experimental results for both ignition delay and concentrations of major intermediate species.

Huang, J.; Bushe, W.K. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of British Columbia, 6950 Applied Science Lane, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada V6T 1Z4)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

SOLAR HEATING OF TANK BOTTOMS Application of Solar Heating to Asphaltic and Parrafinic Oils Reducing Fuel Costs and Greenhouse Gases Due to Use of Natural Gas and Propane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sale of crude oil requires that the crude meet product specifications for BS&W, temperature, pour point and API gravity. The physical characteristics of the crude such as pour point and viscosity effect the efficient loading, transport, and unloading of the crude oil. In many cases, the crude oil has either a very high paraffin content or asphalt content which will require either hot oiling or the addition of diluents to the crude oil to reduce the viscosity and the pour point of the oil allowing the crude oil to be readily loaded on to the transport. Marginal wells are significantly impacted by the cost of preheating the oil to an appropriate temperature to allow for ease of transport. Highly paraffinic and asphaltic oils exist throughout the D-J basin and generally require pretreatment during cold months prior to sales. The current study addresses the use of solar energy to heat tank bottoms and improves the overall efficiency and operational reliability of stripper wells.

Eugene A. Fritzler

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Selective adsorption of ethylene over ethane and propylene over...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

adsorption of ethylene over ethane and propylene over propane in the metal-organic frameworks M2(dobdc) (M Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn) Previous Next List Stephen J. Geier, Jarad A....

10

A STUDY ON SPHERICAL EXPANDING FLAME SPEEDS OF METHANE, ETHANE, AND METHANE/ETHANE MIXTURES AT ELEVATED PRESSURES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-pressure experiments and chemical kinetics modeling were performed for laminar spherically expanding flames for methane/air, ethane/air, methane/ethane/air and propane/air mixtures at pressures between 1 and 10 atm and equivalence ratios...

De Vries, Jaap

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

11

Propane Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 of 24 4 of 24 Notes: EIA expects lower residential propane prices this winter compared to the high prices seen last winter. As of now, it appears that propane inventories will be more than adequate going into this winter. Although inventories in the Midwest remain low, there is still time for the ample inventories in the Gulf Coast to make their way up into the Midwest before heating season begins in earnest. As always, the major uncertainties affecting demand this winter are the weather and the economy. Other uncertainties affecting the propane market this winter are crude oil and natural gas prices. If natural gas prices this winter are around what EIA expects them to be, we will likely see very little, if any, propane production shut-in at gas plants. However, as the current situation with the TET shows, there could be short

12

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Vehicle Rebate Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on AddThis.com...

13

Residential propane prices surges  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Midwest and Northeast propane prices much higher this winter than last year Households that heat with propane will pay for that propane at prices averaging 39 percent higher in the...

14

Warm Mix Asphalt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) technologies have potential to reduce the application temperature of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) and improve workability without ... a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, decreased energy cons...

Martins Zaumanis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

High propane recovery process, Delpro{trademark} saves energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are several technologies for recovering propane from natural gas. These include simple refrigeration which typically operate at {minus}10 F for dewpoint control operations or {minus}40 F for propane recovery. Turbo-expander systems are well established for levels of propane recovery. Other processes include lean oil systems (or hydrocarbon liquid as in the Mehra process) for recovering propane up to about the 95% recovery level. Delta Hudson has developed a new process which recovers propane from natural gas using a turbo-expander. This new process has the trade name DELPRO{trademark} and has been patented in the United States, Canada and several other countries. The advantages of the DELPRO{trademark} high recovery process are as follows: Propane recovery up to 99% is economically achievable; Simple flow scheme; Power consumption is reduced by up to 15% compared to competing processes for the same propane recovery level; For the same power consumption as used by competing processes, significantly higher propane recovery levels are achieved; and DELPRO{trademark} can be adapted to ethane recovery. In this mode, the process has the advantage that it rejects carbon dioxide to a greater extent than other processes. This reduces, or in some cases, eliminates subsequent treating requirements.

Sorensen, J. [Delta Hudson Engineering Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

16

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Vehicle Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on AddThis.com...

17

Residential propane price  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

propane price decrease The average retail price for propane is 2.37 per gallon, down 1.3 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy...

18

Residential propane price  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.35 per gallon, down 1.1 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy...

19

Residential propane price  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.36 per gallon, down 1 cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy...

20

Propane situation update  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Northeast South Midwest West U.S. total 116 million homes natural gas propane heating oil electricity wood keroseneotherno heating propane 4.5% 7% Of all homes heated by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Residential propane prices increase  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 3.2 cents from a week ago to 2.86 per gallon. That's up 59.3 cents from a year ago, based on the residential...

22

Residential propane prices decreases  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5, 2014 Residential propane prices decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.89 per gallon, that's down 11.9 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating...

23

Residential propane prices increase  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 10.3 cents from a week ago to 2.96 per gallon. That's up 68.1 cents from a year ago, based on the residential...

24

Residential propane prices increase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 3.9 cents from a week ago to 2.80 per gallon. That's up 53.7 cents from a year ago, based on the residential...

25

Residential propane prices increase  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 5.5 cents per gallon from last week to 2.62 per gallon; up 37.4 cents from a year ago, based on the residential...

26

Residential propane prices surges  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

propane prices surges The average retail price for propane rose to an all-time high of 4.01 a gallon, that's up 1.05 from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey...

27

Residential propane price increases  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.41 per gallon, up 6-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S....

28

Residential propane prices stable  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.40 per gallon, down 9-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S....

29

Residential propane price decreases  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.48 per gallon, down 15.9 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel...

30

Residential propane prices surges  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.08 per gallon, down 8.6 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel...

31

Residential propane prices increase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 4.8 cents from a week ago to 2.76 per gallon. That's up 51.2 cents from a year ago, based on the residential...

32

Residential propane prices increase  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 2.5 cents from a week ago to 2.83 per gallon. That's up 56 cents from a year ago, based on the residential...

33

Residential propane price decreases  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

05, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 2.40 per gallon, down 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel...

34

Residential propane prices increase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose to 2.40 per gallon, up 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy...

35

Residential propane prices surges  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.17 per gallon, down 13.1 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel...

36

Residential propane prices increase  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 2.3 cents per gallon from last week to 2.57 per gallon; up 32.2 cents from a year ago, based on the residential...

37

Residential propane prices available  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

propane prices available The average retail price for propane is 2.30 per gallon, based on the U.S. Energy Information Administration's weekly residential heating fuel survey....

38

Residential propane prices increase  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 9.1 cents from a week ago to 2.71 per gallon. That's up 46.9 cents from a year ago, based on the residential...

39

Residential propane prices stable  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

propane prices stable The average retail price for propane is 2.37 per gallon. That's down 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the U.S. Energy Information...

40

Residential propane prices surges  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.30 per gallon, down 17.5 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Propane on Titan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first observations of propane (C$_3$H$_8$) on Titan that unambiguously resolve propane features from other numerous stratospheric emissions. This is accomplished using a $R=\\lambda/\\delta\\lambda\\approx10^5$ spectrometer (TEXES) to observe propane's $\

H. G. Roe; T. K. Greathouse; M. J. Richter; J. H. Lacy

2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

42

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

lubricants; asphalt; ethane, propane, and butane; and many other products used for their energy or chemical content. Crude oil is considered as either domestic or im- ported...

43

This Week In Petroleum Propane Section  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential propane prices (dollars per gallon) Average Regional Residential propane prices graph Regional residential propane prices 2013-14 graph Residential propane prices...

44

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Fuel Prices Find propane fuel prices and trends. Propane, also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or autogas, has been used worldwide as a vehicle fuel for decades. It is stored as a liquid, and

45

2013 Propane Market Outlook  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

3 3 Propane Market Outlook Assessment of Key Market Trends, Threats, and Opportunities Facing the Propane Industry Through 2020 P R E S E N T E D B Y : Prepared for the Propane Education & Research Council (PERC) by: ICF International, Inc. 9300 Lee Highway Fairfax, VA 22031 Tel (703) 218-2758 www.icfi.com Principal Authors: Mr. Michael Sloan msloan@icfi.com Mr. Warren Wilczewski wwilczewski@icfi.com Propane Market Outlook at a Glance ¡ Total consumer propane sales declined by more than 17 percent between 2009 and 2012, including 3.3 percent in 2011 and 10 to 12 percent in 2012. The declines in 2011 and 2012 were due primarily to much warmer than normal weather, as well as the impact of higher propane prices and continuing efficiency trends. Sales are expected to rebound in 2013 with a return to more

46

Boreal forest fire emissions in fresh Canadian smoke plumes: C1-C10 volatile organic compounds (VOCs), CO2, CO, NO2, NO, HCN and CH3CN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

propene, acetone, benzene, propane and ?-pinene (Table 1).cyanide Acetonitrile Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-= Ethane Ethane Ethane Ethane Propane Propane Propane ARCTAS

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Asphalt Oxidation Kinetics and Pavement Oxidation Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most paved roads in the United States are surfaced with asphalt. These asphalt pavements suffer from fatigue cracking and thermal cracking, aggravated by the oxidation and hardening of asphalt. This negative impact of asphalt oxidation on pavement...

Jin, Xin

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

48

Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grant Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project Description: Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants The Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants was established to demonstrate the benefits of new propane equipment. The US Department of Energy, the Propane Education & Research Council (PERC) and the Propane Vehicle Council (PVC) partnered in this program. The project impacted ten different states, 179 vehicles, and 15 new propane fueling facilities. Based on estimates provided, this project generated a minimum of 1,441,000 new gallons of propane sold for the vehicle market annually. Additionally, two new off-road engines were brought to the market. Projects originally funded under this project were the City of Portland, Colorado, Kansas City, Impco Technologies, Jasper Engines, Maricopa County, New Jersey State, Port of Houston, Salt Lake City Newspaper, Suburban Propane, Mutual Liquid Propane and Ted Johnson.

Jack Mallinger

2004-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

49

Propane Fuel Basics | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Propane Fuel Basics Propane Fuel Basics July 30, 2013 - 4:31pm Addthis Photo of a man standing next to a propane fuel pump with a tank in the background. Propane, also known as...

50

Viscosity Measurements on Gaseous Ethane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Viscosity Measurements on Gaseous Ethane ... Only the pressures, densities, and viscosities are given in the table with regard to the large number of experimental points. ...

Jörg Wilhelm; Daniel Seibt; Eckhard Vogel; Daniel Buttig; Egon Hassel

2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

51

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Propane Vehicles Related Information Availability Conversions Emissions Incentives & Laws

52

propane | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

propane propane Dataset Summary Description The Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) maintains data on the energy use and efficiency of water heaters for its members. The FTC does not necessarily endorse the views expressed on that site or guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information on it. Please note that the site you link to may track visitor viewing habits. This spreadsheet contains data on Bosch, Noritz, Paloma and Takagi manufacturing companies. Source Energy Applicance Data - United States Federal Trade Commission, www.ftc.gov Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords energy use Natural Gas propane Water heater Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Combined.xlsx (xlsx, 12.7 KiB)

53

Residential propane price decreases slightly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

propane price decreases slightly The average retail price for propane is 2.38 per gallon, down 3-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by...

54

Residential propane price is unchanged  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

13, 2014 Residential propane price is unchanged The average retail price for propane is 2.40 per gallon, down one-tenth of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating...

55

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Maps of states participating in Winter Fuels Survey Residential propane PADD map Residential heating oil PADD map...

56

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives

57

High pressure fluid phase equilibrium data of poly(2-ethylhexyl acrylate) in propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Substance Name(s): propane; Dimethylmethane; n-Propane; Propyl hydride; R 290; propane liquefied; propane in gaseous state; Propan; Propangas; Propan

Ch. Wohlfarth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

The catalytic oxidation of propane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE CATALYTIC OXIDATION OP PROPANE A Thesis By Charles Frederick Sandersont * * June 1949 Approval as to style and content recommended: Head of the Department of Chemical Engineering THE CATALYTICi OXIDATTON OF PROPANE A Thesis By Charles... Frederick ;Sandersonit * June 1949 THE CATALYTIC OXIDATION OP PROPANE A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Major...

Sanderson, Charles Frederick

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

59

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives -  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Infrastructure Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on AddThis.com...

60

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Production & Distribution Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Related Links This list includes links related to propane. The Alternative Fuels Data

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Case Study ? Propane School Bus Fleets  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

technicians about the safety of propane vehicles, particularly with regards to propane tanks. Data Analysis Results The five fleets operating the 110 school buses described in...

62

Biofuels: Bacteria generate propane gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Genetically engineered bacteria could one day be harnessed to make renewable propane fuel. Patrik Jones at Imperial College London, Kalim Akhtar at University College London and ... different species of bacteria into Escherichia coli, so that the microbe could convert glucose into propane gas. With genetic tinkering and by increasing the levels of oxygen to which the ...

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

63

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Exemption Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Tax Exemption Liquefied petroleum gas (propane) is exempt from the state fuel excise tax when sold from a licensed propane vendor to a licensed propane user or a propane vehicle owner if it is delivered into a bulk storage tank that can

64

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Vehicles » Propane Vehicles » Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Propane Vehicle Emissions

65

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Tax to someone Propane Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Tax For taxation purposes, liquefied petroleum gas (propane) used as a motor vehicle fuel must be converted to gasoline gallon equivalents (GGE) using the conversion factor of 4.24 pounds per gallon of liquid at 60 degrees Fahrenheit per GGE. Propane is taxed at a rate of $0.20 per GGE. (Reference

66

Chemical characterization of beach asphalts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on beaches, since the residue is usually weathered, and most properties of the original crude oil or residual fuel oil have been altered. Along the Texas coast beaches, from Galveston to the Rio Grande, one can find oil residues which range in size from... distillation of organic material, usually coal (Abraham 1960). Crude oil, when weathered, so as to lose its volatile constituents, becomes viscous or semi-solid, and is known as asphalt. Further weathering can lead to formation of hard asphalt...

May, Lloyd Alexander

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Asphalt deposition in miscible floods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. . 22 23 8. REFERENCES. 24 9. APPENDIX. 26 LIST OF TABLES Table Page I II IV Properties of the Crude Oils Studied Average Core Properties for Different Tests Average Perrneabilities of Different Sections of Core Before and After... Displacement with Liquefied Petroleum Gas Percent Reduction in Permeability in Different Sections of Core Due to Asphalt Deposition Average Recoveries of Four Crude Oils and Increase in Swept Area due to Plugging by Asphalt Deposition 27 29 ABSTRACT...

Hasan, Syed Mir Ahmed

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

68

Transportation Fuel Basics - Propane | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Propane Propane Transportation Fuel Basics - Propane July 30, 2013 - 4:31pm Addthis Photo of a man standing next to a propane fuel pump with a tank in the background. Propane, also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or LP-gas), or autogas in Europe, is a high-energy alternative fuel. It has been used for decades to fuel light-duty and heavy-duty propane vehicles. Propane is a three-carbon alkane gas (C3H8). Stored under pressure inside a tank, propane turns into a colorless, odorless liquid. As pressure is released, the liquid propane vaporizes and turns into gas that is used for combustion. An odorant, ethyl mercaptan, is added for leak detection. Propane has a high octane rating and excellent properties for spark-ignited internal combustion engines. It is nontoxic and presents no threat to soil,

69

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Benefits to Benefits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Benefits and Considerations Also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), propane is a domestically produced, well-established, clean-burning fuel. Using propane as a vehicle fuel increases energy security, provides convenience and performance

70

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Vehicle Propane Vehicle Training to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Vehicle Training The Railroad Commission of Texas Alternative Energy Division offers free safety and maintenance training on propane vehicles, buses, and forklifts.

71

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Basics to Basics to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Production & Distribution Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Fuel Basics Propane dispenser Also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or autogas, propane is a clean-burning, high-energy alternative fuel that's been used for decades to

72

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Tax to someone Propane Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Tax Motor fuel taxes for propane used in vehicles are collected through an annual sticker permit fee based on the vehicles' registered gross vehicle weight rating and the number of miles driven the previous year. (Reference Texas Statutes, Tax Code 162.305

73

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Supplier Propane Supplier Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Supplier Requirements A retail supplier may only distribute liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane) if the supplier holds a license from the Wisconsin Department of

74

Propane, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Propane: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Propane: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Ford F-150 (Dual-Fuel LPG) Propane or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a clean-burning fossil fuel that can be used to power internal combustion engines. LPG-fueled vehicles can produce significantly lower amounts of some harmful emissions and the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2). LPG is usually less expensive than gasoline, it can be used without degrading vehicle performance, and most LPG used in U.S. comes from domestic sources. The availability of LPG-fueled light-duty passenger vehicles is currently limited. A few light-duty vehicles-mostly larger trucks and vans-can be ordered from a dealer with a prep-ready engine package and converted to use propane. Existing conventional vehicles can also be converted for LPG use.

75

Viscosity Measurements on Gaseous Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Viscosity Measurements on Gaseous Propane ... However, in that case, the viscosities will have to be re-evaluated too, which also requires the parameters of the wire oscillation, the logarithmic decrement and the frequency. ...

Jörg Wilhelm; Eckhard Vogel

2001-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

76

Propane Update - November 26, 2014  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sep-14 Nov-14 5-year range inventory level rolling 5-year average PADD 2 (Midwest) propane inventories are currently above the five-year average U.S. Energy Information...

77

On the Derivatives of Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 January 1869 research-article On the Derivatives of Propane C. Schorlemmer The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. www.jstor.org

1869-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

data not collected over the summer? The residential pricing data collected on heating oil and propane prices are for the Winter Heating Fuels Survey. The purpose of this survey...

79

Ultrarich Filtration Combustion of Ethane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultrarich filtration combustion of ethane is studied in a porous medium composed of alumina spheres with the aim to achieve optimized conversion to hydrogen and syngas. ... Dhamrat, R. S.; Ellzey, J. L.Numerical and experimental study of the conversion of methane to hydrogen in a porous media reactor Combust. ...

Mario Toledo; Khriscia Utria; Alexei V. Saveliev

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

80

Assimilation of Propane and Characterization of Propane Monooxygenase from Rhodococcus erythropolis3/89  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ability of propane-assimilating microorganisms of the genus Rhodococcus...to utilize metabolites of the terminal and subterminal pathways of propane oxidation was studied. Propane monooxygenase of Rhodococcus...

A. K. Kulikova; A. M. Bezborodov

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Antiproton Annihilations in Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experiment to study the p¯ annihilation process at 1.05 Bev/c was performed with the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory 30-in. propane bubble chamber. It was observed that the K-meson production in annihilation events rises sharply with the increase in energy, namely from 4±1% for annihilations at or near "rest" to 8±1%. On the other hand, the pion multiplicity was not observed to increase appreciably with the increase of available energy. We have found a pion multiplicity of 5.0±0.2. These numbers are discussed in this paper and compared with existing models for the p¯ annihilation process. It is pointed out that with further increase in bombarding energy different models may differ appreciably in the above quantities.We have observed a p¯-H annihilation cross section of 51±10 mb and a p¯-C annihilation cross section of 368±60 mb at a p¯ momentum of 1.05 Bev/c. Crude determinations of the p¯ charge-exchange process—which turns out to be forward peaked— and of p¯ inelastic-scattering events leading to pion production are also discussed.

Sulamith Goldhaber; Gerson Goldhaber; Wilson M. Powell; Rein Silberberg

1961-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

E-Print Network 3.0 - asphalt binder extraction Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of asphalt binders for preparing asphalt... during manufacturing, placing, and compacting hot mix asphalt concrete (HMAC), and, therefore, must... . Asphalt-aggregate...

83

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Stations to someone by E-mail Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Fueling Stations Photo of a liquefied petroleum gas fueling station. Thousands of liquefied petroleum gas (propane) fueling stations are

84

Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification Liquid propane injection...

85

Residential propane price decreases slightly decreases slightly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7, 2014 Residential propane price decreases slightly The average retail price for propane is 2.38 per gallon, down 3-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential...

86

Costs Associated With Propane Vehicle Fueling Infrastructure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is designed to help fleets understand the cost factors associated with propane vehicle fueling infrastructure. It provides an overview of the equipment and processes necessary to develop a propane fueling station and offers estimated cost ranges.

Smith, M.; Gonzales, J.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Residential propane price continues to decrease  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

12, 2014 Residential propane price continues to decrease The average retail price for propane fell to 3.76 per gallon, down 13.4 cents from a week ago, based on the residential...

88

Residential propane price continues to decrease  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.64 per gallon, down 12.7 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel...

89

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Conversions to someone by E-mail Conversions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Propane Vehicle Conversions Related Information Conversion Basics Regulations Vehicle conversions provide alternative fuel options beyond what is

90

Liquid Propane Injection Applications | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Liquid propane injection technology meets manufacturingassembly guidelines, maintenancerepair strategy, and regulations, with same functionality, horsepower, and torque as...

91

High-performance Propane Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... The performance of propane-oxygen cells operating between 150 and 200 C was recently described in detail4.

W. T. GRUBB

1964-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

The High-Temperature Oxidation of Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article The High-Temperature Oxidation of Propane J. W. Falconer J. H. Knox Above 400 degrees C propane is oxidized by a two-stage degenerately...of propylene becomes important. While propane still in the main reacts to form propylene...

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development

94

A thermodynamic approach for compaction of asphaltic composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

results. Modeling asphalt concrete compaction, and also the ability to thereby predict response of mixes, is of great importance to the pavement industry. Asphalt concrete exhibits nonlinear response even at small strains and the response of asphalt...

Koneru, Saradhi

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Improved paving asphalt from Baku crudes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved paving asphalt has been obtained from commercial BN-60/90 asphalt by adding certain components that are waste materials in petroleum refining: a still residue from the distillation of naphthenic acids to improve adhesion properties, asphalt obtained in deasphalting vacuum resid to improve ductility and impart freeze resistance, and a dialkylnaphthalene as a pour point depressant. Three different blend formulations were prepared by melting and mixing and analyzed for their physicochemical properties. The possibility was also investigated of expanding the raw material base for paving asphalts by including certain waste materials obtained in refining Baku crudes.

Allakhverdiev, A.A.; Kuliev, R.B.; Samedova, F.I.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Silane-propane ignitor/burner  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A silane propane burner for an underground coal gasification process which is used to ignite the coal and to controllably retract the injection point by cutting the injection pipe. A narrow tube with a burner tip is positioned in the injection pipe through which an oxidant (oxygen or air) is flowed. A charge of silane followed by a supply of fuel, such as propane, is flowed through the tube. The silane spontaneously ignites on contact with oxygen and burns the propane fuel.

Hill, R.W.; Skinner, D.F. Jr.; Thorsness, C.B.

1983-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

97

Silane-propane ignitor/burner  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A silane propane burner for an underground coal gasification process which is used to ignite the coal and to controllably retract the injection point by cutting the injection pipe. A narrow tube with a burner tip is positioned in the injection pipe through which an oxidant (oxygen or air) is flowed. A charge of silane followed by a supply of fuel, such as propane, is flowed through the tube. The silane spontaneously ignites on contact with oxygen and burns the propane fuel.

Hill, Richard W. (Livermore, CA); Skinner, Dewey F. (Livermore, CA); Thorsness, Charles B. (Livermore, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Nationwide: Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program Brings...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

future expansion of propane vehicles. Project participants will reduce 3.9 million gasoline gallon equivalents and 7.8 million pounds of greenhouse gas emissions annually....

99

Oxidation of Propane by Doped Nickel Oxides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... present study, however, indicate that in the absence of excess oxygen, direct oxidation of propane by the oxide lattice can occur.

D. W. McKEE

1964-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

100

Propane earth materials drying techniques and technologies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A feasibility study for the use of propane as a subbase drying technique. Michael Blahut (1) Dr. Vernon Schaefer (2) Dr. Chris Williams (3) The… (more)

Blahut, Michael Edward

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Comparison of Hydrogen and Propane Fuels (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Factsheet comparing the chemical, physical, and thermal properties of hydrogen and propane, designed to facilitate an understanding of the differences and similarites of the two fuels

Not Available

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Comparison of Hydrogen and Propane Fuels (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Factsheet comparing the chemical, physical, and thermal properties of hydrogen and propane, designed to facilitate an understanding of the differences and similarites of the two fuels.

Not Available

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Materials characterization of asphalt and polymer modified asphalt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

specimen mold made of aluminum ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? - 28 5. Strain sweep of Santa Maria AC10/AR4000 at 100 rad/sec --- 33 6. Strain sweep of Conoco AC10 at 10 rad/sec ------------- 34 7. Stress relaxation modulus of AAM grade asphalt at 25'C --- 37 8.... The verification of Cox-Merz rule for Santa Maria AC6/AR2000 at 40'C- 9. The master curve of Santa Maria AC6/Muehlstein LDPE shifted to 25'C showing the errors 10. Master curve (G') of Santa Maria AC6 shifted to 25'C ? ? ? ? ? 43 11. Master curve of Santa...

Paramasivam, Mohan

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Novel Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation Pingping Sun a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an alternative for producing light alkenes as well as hydrogen, a product required for many refinery operations

Iglesia, Enrique

105

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Liquefied Petroleum Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License

106

Southeast Propane AutoGas Development Program | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Southeast Propane AutoGas Development Program Southeast Propane AutoGas Development Program 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit...

107

Southeast Propane AutoGas Development Program | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

D.C. tiarravt065christopher2010p.pdf More Documents & Publications Southeast Propane AutoGas Development Program Southeast Propane AutoGas Development Program Technology...

108

Texas Propane Vehicle Pilot Project | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Texas Propane Vehicle Pilot Project Texas Propane Vehicle Pilot Project 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

109

Southeast Propane AutoGas Development Program | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Evaluation arravt065tijenkins2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Southeast Propane AutoGas Development Program Southeast Propane AutoGas Development Program State of...

110

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Production and Production and Distribution to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Production & Distribution Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Production and Distribution

111

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane » Laws & Incentives Propane » Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Laws and Incentives

112

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

SHOPP Financial Forms - for State Energy Officials SHOPP Financial Forms - for State Energy Officials The Federal forms below are required for State Energy Officials participating in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) to execute their cooperative agreements with the U. S. Energy Information Administration. The Application for Federal Assistance, Form SF-424, is required to be submitted annually no later than May 15th in order for the applicant to receive funds for the upcoming season. This form consists of three parts: SF-424 - general funding information SF-424A - annual budget SF-424B - assurance pages The Federal Financial Report, Form SF-425, collects basic data on federal and recipient expenditures related to the SHOPP grant. This form should be submitted by August 1st of each year after the end of the season.

113

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Holiday Release Schedule Holiday Release Schedule The Heating Oil and Propane Update is produced during the winter heating season, which extends from October through March of each year. The standard release time and day of the week will be at 1:00 p. m. (Eastern time) on Wednesdays with the following exceptions. All times are Eastern. Data for: Alternate Release Date Release Day Release Time Holiday October 14, 2013 October 17, 2013 Thursday Cancelled Columbus/EIA Closed November 11, 2013 November 14, 2013 Thursday 1:00 p.m. Veterans December 23, 2013 December 27, 2013 Friday 1:00 p.m. Christmas December 30, 2013 January 3, 2014 Friday 1:00 p.m. New Year's January 20, 2014 January 23, 2014 Thursday 1:00 p.m. Martin Luther King Jr. February 17, 2014 February 20, 2014 Thursday 1:00 p.m. President's

114

Compositional evaluation of asphalt binder recycling agents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several experiments were performed to determine how recycling agent composition affects the high, intermediate, and low temperature properties as well as long term oxidative aging characteristics of recycled asphalt blends. Specifically, several...

Madrid, Richard Charles

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Propane vehicles : status, challenges, and opportunities.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Propane as an auto fuel has a high octane value and has key properties required for spark-ignited internal combustion engines. To operate a vehicle on propane as either a dedicated fuel or bi-fuel (i.e., switching between gasoline and propane) vehicle, only a few modifications must be made to the engine. Until recently propane vehicles have commonly used a vapor pressure system that was somewhat similar to a carburetion system, wherein the propane would be vaporized and mixed with combustion air in the intake plenum of the engine. This leads to lower efficiency as more air, rather than fuel, is inducted into the cylinder for combustion (Myers 2009). A newer liquid injection system has become available that injects propane directly into the cylinder, resulting in no mixing penalty because air is not diluted with the gaseous fuel in the intake manifold. Use of a direct propane injection system will improve engine efficiency (Gupta 2009). Other systems include the sequential multi-port fuel injection system and a bi-fuel 'hybrid' sequential propane injection system. Carbureted systems remain in use but mostly for non-road applications. In the United States a closed-loop system is used in after-market conversions. This system incorporates an electronic sensor that provides constant feedback to the fuel controller to allow it to measure precisely the proper air/fuel ratio. A complete conversion system includes a fuel controller, pressure regulator valves, fuel injectors, electronics, fuel tank, and software. A slight power loss is expected in conversion to a vapor pressure system, but power can still be optimized with vehicle modifications of such items as the air/fuel mixture and compression ratios. Cold start issues are eliminated for vapor pressure systems since the air/fuel mixture is gaseous. In light-duty propane vehicles, the fuel tank is typically mounted in the trunk; for medium- and heavy-duty vans and trucks, the tank is located under the body of the vehicle. Propane tanks add weight to a vehicle and can slightly increase the consumption of fuel. On a gallon-to-gallon basis, the energy content of propane is 73% that of gasoline, thus requiring more propane fuel to travel an equivalent distance, even in an optimized engine (EERE 2009b).

Rood Werpy, M.; Burnham, A.; Bertram, K.; Energy Systems

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

116

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane,  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Michigan Converts Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on AddThis.com... April 27, 2013

117

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Commercial Mower Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on AddThis.com...

118

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives

119

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Excise Tax Propane Excise Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Excise Tax Exemption Propane is exempt from the state excise tax when it is used to operate motor vehicles on public highways provided that vehicles are equipped with

120

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Safety and Propane Safety and Liability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Safety and Liability An individual involved in installing liquefied petroleum gas (propane) systems or manufacturing, distributing, selling, storing, or transporting

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Buses Shuttle Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on AddThis.com... Oct. 13, 2012 Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine W atch how travelers in Bar Harbor, Maine, rely on propane-powered shuttle buses. For information about this project, contact Maine Clean Communities.

122

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Reduced Propane Fuel Reduced Propane Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Reduced Propane Fuel Tax The tax imposed on liquefied petroleum gas, or propane, used to operate a motor vehicle is equal to half the tax paid on the sale or use of gasoline,

123

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Buses Save Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on AddThis.com... Feb. 25, 2010 Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools F ind out how Gloucester County Schools' propane buses are quieter and cost

124

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane and Natural Propane and Natural Gas Safety to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane and Natural Gas Safety The Railroad Commission of Texas regulates the safety of the natural gas and propane industries. (Reference Texas Statutes, Natural Resources Code

125

Esters of propane-1,3-diboric and propane-1,3-dithioboric acids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The polymer formed by hydroborating boron-trialkyl reacts with methyl borate, giving the tetramethyl ester of propane-1,3-diboric acid.

B. M. Mikhailov; V. F. Pozdnev

1962-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Propane: A Mid-heating Season Assessment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9, 2001 9, 2001 Propane - A Mid-Heating Season Assessment by David Hinton and Alice Lippert, Petroleum Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration In early October 2000, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) forecast that heating fuel markets would be expected to start the season with much higher prices and lower inventories than in recent years. While this assessment was true for both the heating oil and natural gas markets, propane markets actually began the season with adequate supplies but with high prices. Since EIA's forecast, propane inventories have plunged nearly 20 million barrels from their peak during the first half of the 2000-01 heating season while propane prices have continued to soar even higher than expected during this same period. This report will analyze some

127

U.S. Propane Total Stocks  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: U.S. inventories of propane benefited from a late pre-season build that pushed inventories to over 65 million barrels by early November 2000, the second highest peak pre-heating season level since 1986. Although propane inventories were expected to remain within the normal range for the duration of the 2000-01 heating season, cold weather in November and December, along with recently high natural gas prices that discouraged propane production from gas processing, resulted in stocks falling below the normal range by the end of December. However, if the weather remains seasonally normal, and the recent decline in natural gas prices holds, EIA expects the propane inventory drawdown to slow. This is reflected in the data for January 19, which showed a draw of only 2.1 million barrels, compared to more than twice that

128

Knoxville Area Transit: Propane Hybrid Electric Trolleys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 2-page fact sheet summarizing the evaluation done by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity on the Knoxville Area Transit's use of propane hybrid electric trolleys.

Not Available

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Propane Vehicles: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Propane Vehicles: Propane Vehicles: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities ANL/ESD/10-2 Energy Systems Division Availability of This Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge. It is also available on paper to the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, for a processing fee, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62

130

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Petrochemical Industry - An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

feedstocks such as ethane, propane, butane, naphtha oruse mainly ethane and propane for steam cracking, availablecracking of ethane and propane (Oil and Gas Journal, 2006a).

Neelis, Maarten

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

An investigation of the use of tire rubber in asphalt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-rubber binder. The selected variables chosen are curing time, curing temperature, rubber content (weight percent), rubber particle size, base asphalt type, and carbonyl area. Results confirmed that the addition of rubber increased the viscosity of the asphalt...

Koo, Heamo Lee

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Moisture Diffusion in Asphalt Binders and Fine Aggregate Mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cost in highway maintenance and vehicle operations. One key mechanism of how moisture reaches the asphalt-aggregate interface is by its permeation or diffusion through the asphalt binder or mastic. Different techniques are available for diffusion...

Vasconcelos, Kamilla L.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

133

Settling of rubber particles in asphalt-rubber blends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traditional asphalt-rubber binders have faced problems ics. in pavement compaction, due to phase separation or sedimentation of undissolved rubber. A homogeneous asphalt-rubber binder is desirable for alleviating this problem. In addition, a blend...

Wattanachai, Piyachat

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Characterization of Fatigue Cracking and Healing of Asphalt Mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fatigue cracking is one of the most common distresses of asphalt pavements, whereas healing is a counter process to cracking which alleviates cracking damage and extends fatigue life of asphalt pavements. Most of existing methods to characterize...

Luo, Xue

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

135

Imparting Electrical Conductivity into Asphalt Composites Using Graphite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrically conductive asphalt composites have immense potential for various multifunctional applications such as self-healing, self-sensing, snow and ice removal, and energy harvesting, and controlling asphalt conductivity is the first step...

Baranikumar, Aishwarya

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

136

Damage analysis in asphalt concrete mixtures based on parameter relationships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asphalt pavements experience damage due to traffic loading under various environmental conditions. Damage can be caused by viscopl microcracks, fracture due to fatigue cracking, or fracture due to thermal cracking. Asphalt pavements have...

Song, Injun

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

137

Hydrogen Safety Issues Compared to Safety Issues with Methane and Propane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Issues with Methane and Propane Michael A. Green LawrenceSAFETY ISSUES WITH METHANE AND PROPANE M. A. Green Lawrencehydrogen. Methane and propane are commonly used by ordinary

Green, Michael A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Evaluation of Rexene polymers in hot mixed asphalt concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Committee: Dr. Dallas N. Little The objective of this research was to provide a comprehensive characterization of asphalt binders and paving mixtures modified with four polymers produced by the Rexene Products Company (Odessa, Texas). The four polymers... on control asphalt cements and polymer modified asphalt cements to quantify the effects of the Rexene polymers. Most importantly, the binder study was designed to determine the temperature susceptibility of the binders. Asphalt cements from three...

Rodriguez, Mary Anne Reese

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The curing of asphalt with rubber and its effect on the physical and chemical properties of asphalt-rubber binders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this research was to develop a potentially useful asphalt-rubber binder using the curing process. For the curing process, six parameters, which altered the physical and chemical properties of the asphalt-rubber binder, were tested...

Chun, Jay Sung

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

142

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Powers Airport Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on AddThis.com... Feb. 19, 2011 Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans D iscover how the New Orleans airport displaced over 139,000 gallons of

143

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

144

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

145

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

146

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

147

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

148

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

149

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Education and Propane Education and Research Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Education and Research Program The State Liquefied Compressed Gas Board (Board), operated through the

150

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

151

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

152

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

153

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

154

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

155

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Mowers Help Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on AddThis.com... Aug. 8, 2013 Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions " We're very proud to be an example of what the National Park Service can

156

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

157

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

158

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

159

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

160

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

162

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

163

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

164

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

165

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

166

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

167

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

168

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

169

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

170

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

171

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Board and Propane Board and Dealer Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Board and Dealer Requirements The Idaho Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Public Safety Act established the

172

Constant displacement rate experiments and constitutive modeling of asphalt mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and predicting its response is of great importance to the pavement industry. More than 90 percent of the US Highways uses asphalt concrete as a pavement material. Asphalt concrete exhibits nonlinear response even at small strains and the response of asphalt...

Hariharakumar, Pradeep

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

173

Evaluation of polyethylene-modified asphalt blends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 1. Viscosity of components of bitumens and polyolefins (after reference 3). Page 13 Table 2, Aging indices of modified and unmodified asphalts (Samples were aged at 140 'F at 20 atm. of pressure . . 24 Table 3. Table 4. Table 5. Viscosity... in poises as a function of time of aging for selected asphalts (Samples were aged at 140'F at room pressure). Comparison of mixture properties at optimum binder content as determined by the Marshall mixture design methodology (river gravel mixture and a...

Consuegra Granger, Fernando

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Propane Prices Influenced by Crude Oil and Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Propane prices have been high this year for several reasons. Propane usually follows crude oil prices more closely than natural gas prices. As crude oil prices rose beginning in 1999, propane has followed. In addition, some early cold weather this year put extra pressure on prices. However, more recently, the highly unusual surge in natural gas prices affected propane supply and drove propane prices up. Propane comes from two sources of supply: refineries and natural gas processing plants. The very high natural gas prices made it more economic for refineries to use the propane they normally produce and sell than to buy natural gas. The gas processing plants found it more economic to leave propane in the natural gas streams than to extract it for sale separately.

175

Propane-Fueled Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Propane-Fueled Vehicle Basics Propane-Fueled Vehicle Basics Propane-Fueled Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:16am Addthis There are more than 270,000 on-road propane vehicles in the United States and more than 10 million worldwide. Many are used in fleets, including light- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, taxicabs, police cars, and rental and delivery vehicles. Compared with vehicles fueled with conventional diesel and gasoline, propane vehicles can produce significantly fewer harmful emissions. The availability of new light-duty original equipment manufacturer propane vehicles has declined in recent years. However, certified installers can economically and reliably retrofit many light-duty vehicles for propane operation. Propane engines and fueling systems are also available for heavy-duty vehicles such as school buses and street sweepers.

176

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives -  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Infrastructure Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on AddThis.com... More in this section...

177

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Self-Service Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

178

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Publications » Technology Bulletins Publications » Technology Bulletins Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on AddThis.com... Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory

179

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Tax to someone by E-mail Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Tax Effective January 1, 2019, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), compressed natural gas, and liquefied natural gas will be subject to an excise tax at

180

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Tennessee Reduces Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on AddThis.com... Dec. 11, 2010 Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas and Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax Any individual using or selling compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied

182

Microsoft PowerPoint - Propane_Briefing_140312.pptx  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Northeast South Midwest West U.S. total 116 million homes natural gas propane heating oil electricity wood keroseneotherno heating propane 4.5% 7% Of all homes heated by...

183

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane and Compressed Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

184

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane Buses Help Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on AddThis.com...

185

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Renzenberger Inc Saves Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on AddThis.com... June 22, 2012 Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans L earn how Renzenberger Incorporated fuels its road service vans with

186

Separation of ethylene and ethane by adsorption on titanosilicate.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The energy costs associated with ethane-ethylene separation could be significantly reduced by the development of alternatives to cryodistillation. This work examined ethylene recovery by equilibrium… (more)

Shi, Meng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Liquid propane injection technology can offer the same power, torque, and environmental vehicle performance while reducing imports of foreign oil

188

Anisotropic Characterization of Asphalt Mixtures in Compression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rutting is one of the major distresses in asphalt pavements and it increases road roughness and traps water, which leads to wet-weather accidents due to the loss of tire-pavement friction and hydroplaning. The fundamental mechanisms of rutting have...

Zhang, Yuqing 1983-

2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

189

Alternative Fuel Tool Kit How to Implement: Propane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, colorless gas that is a byproduct of natural gas production and crude oil refining. Propane autogas What is Liquefied Petroleum Gas? Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is commonly referred to as propane energy storage, propane is stored as a liquid in a pressurized tank onboard the vehicle, typically at 100

190

This Week In Petroleum Propane Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and Wholesale Propane Prices (Dollars per Gallon) and Wholesale Propane Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Residential Propane Prices Petroleum Data Tables more data Note: Due to updated weighting methodology, national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published. We have created an excel file that shows the differences between the original and revised published data for your convenience. Most Recent Year Ago 11/04/13 11/11/13 11/18/13 11/25/13 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13 12/17/12 Average 2.450 2.482 2.506 2.542 2.566 2.621 2.712 2.243 East Coast (PADD 1) 3.044 3.073 3.090 3.141 3.165 3.246 3.315 2.930 New England (PADD 1A) 3.033 3.047 3.064 3.121 3.172 3.257 3.314 3.063 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 3.095 3.122 3.145 3.204 3.213 3.307

191

Portland Public School Children Move with Propane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This 2-page Clean Cities fact sheet describes the use of propane as a fuel source for Portland Public Schools' fleet of buses. It includes information on the history of the program, along with contact information for the local Clean Cities Coordinator and Portland Public Schools.

Not Available

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Compaction Effects on Uniformity, Moisture Diffusion, and Mechanical Properties of Asphalt Pavements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Field compaction of asphalt mixtures is an important process that influences performance of asphalt pavements; however there is very little effort devoted to evaluate the influence of compaction on the uniformity and properties of asphalt mixtures...

Kassem, Emad Abdel-Rahman Ahmed

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

193

Development and numerical implementation of nonlinear viscoelastic-viscoplastic model for asphalt materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pavements is illustrated using finite element simulations. The constitutive model developed in this study can describe the behavior of asphalt materials (asphalt binder, asphalt mastic and mixtures) under various testing conditions. This study also achieved...

Huang, Chien-Wei

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Virginia Converts Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on AddThis.com...

195

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Retailer License to someone by E-mail Retailer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License Compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, or liquefied petroleum gas

196

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

197

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Vehicle Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

198

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on AddThis.com...

199

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Liquefied Petroleum Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on

200

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Reports to someone by E-mail Reports to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Reports The Florida Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability (Office) must complete a report that analyzes the taxation and use of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Different behaviors of PdAu/C catalysts in electrooxidation of propane-1,3-diol and propane-1,2-diol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The different behaviors of PdAu/C catalysts in the electrocatalytic oxidation of propane-1,3-diol and propane-1,2-diol in alkaline solution are ... by instrumental analysis and electrochemical analysis. In propane

Changchun Jin; Zhongyu Wang; Qisheng Huo; Rulin Dong

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - asphalt concrete bases Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

other highways, rural roads, or urban streets are asphalt surface Horvath... conducted an LCA of concrete and asphalt pavements based on process flows, including pave- ment...

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - asphalt stripping final Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at Austin Summary: during manufacturing, placing, and compacting hot mix asphalt concrete (HMAC), and, therefore, must... . Asphalt-aggregate mixtures were pre- pared...

204

E-Print Network 3.0 - asphalt mix design Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

asphalt mixes must be understood. Mould... the micromechanical processes that lead to fracture of asphalt mixes. Experimental and numerical analyses... will be performed to study...

205

Adsorptive separation of propylene-propane mixtures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The separation of propylene-propane mixtures is of great commercial importance and is carried out by fractional distillation. It is claimed to be the most energy-intensive distillation practiced in the United States. The purpose of this paper is to describe experimental work that suggests a practical alternative to distillation for separating the C[sub 3] hydrocarbons: adsorption. As studied, the process involves three adsorptive steps: initial separation with molecular sieves with heavy dilution with an inert gas; separation of propylene and propane separately from the inert gas, using activated carbon; and drying of the product streams with any of several available desiccants. The research information presented here deals with the initial step and includes both equilibrium and kinetic data. Isotherms are provided for propylene and propane adsorbed on three zeolites, activated alumina, silica gel, and coconut-based activated carbon. Breakthrough data are provided for both adsorption and regeneration steps for the zeolites, which were found to be superior to the other adsorbents for breakthrough separations. A flow diagram for the complete proposed process is included.

Jaervelin, H.; Fair, J.R. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Titan's Prolific Propane: The Cassini CIRS Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we select large spectral averages of data from the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) obtained in limb-viewing mode at low latitudes (30S--30N), greatly increasing the path length and hence signal-to-noise ratio for optically thin trace species such as propane. By modeling and subtracting the emissions of other gas species, we demonstrate that at least six infrared bands of propane are detected by CIRS, including two not previously identified in Titan spectra. Using a new line list for the range 1300-1400cm -1, along with an existing GEISA list, we retrieve propane abundances from two bands at 748 and 1376 cm-1. At 748 cm-1 we retrieve 4.2 +/- 0.5 x 10(-7) (1-sigma error) at 2 mbar, in good agreement with previous studies, although lack of hotbands in the present spectral atlas remains a problem. We also determine 5.7 +/- 0.8 x 10(-7) at 2 mbar from the 1376 cm-1 band - a value that is probably affected by systematic errors including continuum gradients due to haze and also an imperf...

Nixon, C A; Flaud, J -M; Bezard, B; Teanby, N A; Irwin, P G J; Ansty, T M; Coustenis, A; Vinatier, S; Flasar, F M; 10.1016/j.pss.2009.06.021

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Dealer License to someone by E-mail Dealer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

208

Microstructural Characterization of Material Properties and Damage in Asphalt Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asphalt composites are used to construct 90% of roads in the United States. These composites consist of asphalt binder, which is a product of the refinery process of oil, aggregates, and air voids. Fatigue cracking is one of the most important...

Mohammad Khorasani, Sara

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

209

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

throughout the United States. There has been some concern over reported cases of fuel tanks on propane vehicles being overfilled, potentially resulting in emissions from pressure...

210

Texas Propane Vehicle Pilot Project | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation arravt058tikelly2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Texas Propane Vehicle Pilot Project Texas...

211

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

See footnotes at end of table. 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State 386 Energy Information...

212

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketing Annual 1999 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

213

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Marketing Annual 1995 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

214

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1998 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

215

Propane demand modeling for residential sectors- A regression analysis.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents a forecasting model for the propane consumption within the residential sector. In this research we explore the dynamic behavior of different variables… (more)

Shenoy, Nitin K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Relationship Between Surface Free Energy and Total Work of Fracture of Asphalt Binder and Asphalt Binder-Aggregate Interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the surface free energy of the asphalt binder and the aggregate. Surface free energy, which is a thermodynamic material property, is directly related to the adhesive bond energy between the asphalt binder and the aggregate as well as the cohesive bond energy...

Howson, Jonathan Embrey

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

217

Identification of Novel Methane-, Ethane-, and Propane-Oxidizing Bacteria at Marine Hydrocarbon Seeps by Stable Isotope Probing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...detector. When the hydrocarbon gas had nearly been...additional 5 ml of hydrocarbon gas was added. Oxygen...second 5-ml aliquot of hydrocarbon had been consumed...splitless injector, a GC combustion III interface, and...at 37C, followed by heat inactivation for 20...

Molly C. Redmond; David L. Valentine; Alex L. Sessions

2010-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

218

Two-Phase Equilibrium in Binary and Ternary Systems. IV. The Thermodynamic Properties of Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...IV. The Thermodynamic Properties of Propane J. H. Burgoyne Existing physical and thermal data relative to propane have been summarized and correlated...obtained the entropy and enthalpy of propane have been calculated for conditions of...

1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

New ?-Complexation Adsorbents for Propane?Propylene Separation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1-4 Some new materials were also reported to adsorb propylene, excluding partially or totally propane. ... Table 2.? Experimental Conditions (Masses of Adsorbent and Flow Rates) for Breakthrough Curves, Stoichiometric Times, and Adsorbed Phase Concentration ... Figure 8 Propylene?propane ratio of the amount adsorbed at 343 K in the different adsorbents. ...

Carlos A. Grande; José D. P. Araujo; Simone Cavenati; Norberto Firpo; Elena Basaldella; Alírio E. Rodrigues

2004-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

220

Low-Temperature Oxidation and Cool Flames of Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1954 research-article Low-Temperature Oxidation and Cool Flames of Propane J. H. Knox R. G. W. Norrish A detailed analytical study of the cool-flame oxidation of propane has been carried out using a continuous-flow technique with a view...

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Carcinogenicity of Industrial Chemicals Propylene Imine and Propane Sultone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Range-finding experiments have shown that the maximal tolerated doses of propylene imine and propane sultone, in distilled water, administered by gavage twice a week to 6 week old ... levels, that is, 10 mg/kg for propylene imine, and 28 mg/kg for propane sultone, with groups of twenty-six male and twenty-six female rats at each ...

B. ULLAND; M. FINKELSTEIN; E. K. EISBURGER; J. M. RICE; J. H. WEISBURGER

1971-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

222

Research on Temperature Field Measuring of Oxygen Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By substituting alumina particles for soot created in burning flame and using the three-color method, the temperature field of the oxygen propane is calculated based on the image taken by CCD and digital image processing technology. The results show ... Keywords: CCD, oxygen propane flame, temperature field, image processing

Zhang Rui-ping

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

New insights into microbial responses to oil spills from the Deepwater Horizon incident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C. J. Villanueva (2010). "Propane respiration jump-startsin samples that exhibited propane and ethane anomalies (loss of both ethane and propane relative to methane

Mason, O.U.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Scattering of Slow Neutrons from Propane Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of the partial differential neutron scattering cross sections for room-temperature propane gas are reported. These measurements were made at incident energies of 0.0101, 0.0254, 0.0736, and 0.102 ev at seven scattering angles between 16.3° and 84.7° using the Materials Testing Reactor phased chopper velocity selector. The data are converted to the scattering-law presentation and compared with three theoretical calculations: (a) The ideal gas, using an effective mass obtained from an average of the mass tensors for the three types of H atoms in propane, gives poor agreement. (b) The Krieger-Nelkin approximation, which includes the effect of zero-point vibrations, gives limited agreement for energy transfer less than 0.5kBT at intermediate momentum transfers. At large momentum transfers where vibrational effects become important it underestimates the cross section. (c) A modification of the Krieger-Nelkin theory that includes the effects of single-quantum transitions from the three lowest vibrational states gives better agreement. The discrepancies still present at large momentum and energy transfers are attributed to an uncertainty in the methyl-group barrier height for the three lowest energy modes, to the harmonic oscillator approximation for these modes, and to the approximate molecular orientation averaging used in the calculation.

K. A. Strong; G. D. Marshall; R. M. Brugger; P. D. Randolph

1962-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Heating Oil and Propane Update - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

all Petroleum Reports all Petroleum Reports Heating Oil and Propane Update Weekly heating oil and propane prices are only collected during the heating season, which extends from October through March. U.S. Heating Oil and Propane Prices Residential Heating Oil Graph. Residential Propane Graph. change from change from Heating Oil 12/16/2013 week ago year ago Propane 12/16/2013 week ago year ago Residential 3.952 values are down 0.004 values are down 0.008 Residential 2.712 values are up 0.091 values are up 0.469 Wholesale 3.074 values are down 0.063 values are not available NA Wholesale 1.637 values are up 0.113 values are not available NA Note: Price in dollars per gallon, excluding taxes. Values shown on the graph and corresponding data pages for the previous week may be revised to account for late submissions and corrections.

226

Improvements to a Transport Model of Asphalt Binder Oxidation in Pavements: Pavement Temperature Modeling, Oxygen Diffusivity in Asphalt Binders and Mastics, and Pavement Air Void Characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although evidence is mounting that asphalt binder oxidizes in pavements, and that oxidation and subsequent hardening of asphalt binder has a profound effect on pavement durability, important implementation issues remain to be better understood...

Han, Rongbin

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

227

Composition of paraffinic and naphthenic hydrocarbons in petroleum asphalts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uses a combination of chromatographic, chemical, and spectroscopic methods to determine the composition of the paraffinic and naphthenic hydrocarbons recovered from asphalts. Monitors the completeness of separation of the hydrocarbons from the aromatics on the basis of UV spectra. Finds that in the mixture of adduct-forming hydrocarbons, along with the n-paraffins there were admixtures of isoparaffins and longchain alkylnaphthenes. Concludes that a comparison of the structural-group composition of the asphalt fractions from the different crudes shows that there are only slight differences in the structure of the paraffinic/naphthenic hydrocarbons present in these asphalts, particularly with regard to those hydrocarbons that do not react with urea.

Botvin'eva, A.M.; Dubkova, R.V.; Shkredova, N.A.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Analyses of sulfur-asphalt field trials in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

128 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE PAGF Layout of SNPA sulfur bitumen binder pavem nt test ? U. S. Highway 69, Lufkin, Texas 15 Col 1oi d mi 1 1 furnished by SNPA for preparation of sul fur-asphalt emulsions View of mixing station showing sulfur... designed to investigate the advantage of using a colloid mill to prepare sulfur-asphalt binders as compared to comingling the asphalt and molten sulfur in a pipeline leading directly to the pug mill. After only six months of testing, the results...

Newcomb, David Edward

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Finding the missing stratospheric Bry: a global modeling study of CHBr3 and CH2Br2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C-130 T0 T1 G1 Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane n-ppbv) Ethane Ethene Ethyne Propane Propene i-Butane n-Butanee.g. , ethane, ethene, propane, propane, methanol, ethanol,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Chemical evolution of volatile organic compounds in the outflow of the Mexico City Metropolitan area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C-130 T0 T1 G1 Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane n-ppbv) Ethane Ethene Ethyne Propane Propene i-Butane n-Butanee.g. , ethane, ethene, propane, propane, methanol, ethanol,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Relationship between composition and performance of asphalt recycling agents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research was aimed at determining the effects of recycling agent composition on the performance of recycled asphalt with aging. To accomplish this, five experiments were performed, in which blends were produced with controlled compositions...

Peterson, Gerald Dean

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Bitumen-rubber composite binders for production of asphalt concretes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dissolution of vulcanized rubber in bitumen in the presence of a devulcanizing additive and the formation of bitumen-rubber composites, which are promising binders for the production of asphalt concretes, wer...

R. G. Zhitov; V. N. Kizhnyaev; V. V. Alekseenko…

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Evaluation of Moisture Susceptibility of Warm Mix Asphalt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the results from this study suggest that the inclusion of recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) or an anti-stripping agent may alleviate possible moisture susceptibility issues in the early life during wet, winter weather conditions. While some laboratory test...

Garcia Cucalon, Maria Lorena

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

234

Prediction of Reflection Cracking in Hot Mix Asphalt Overlays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

either asphalt pavement or jointed concrete pavement in all four major climatic zones are discussed in this dissertation. The results of this calculated mechanistic approach showed its ability to efficiently reproduce field observations of the growth...

Tsai, Fang-Ling

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

235

Toward an Improved Model of Asphalt Binder Oxidation in Pavements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asphalt binder oxidation in pavements has been proven to be an ongoing process throughout a pavement's service life. Understanding the nature of the oxidation process is a critical step toward better pavement design to achieve greater pavement...

Prapaitrakul, Nikornpon

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

236

Toxic species emissions from controlled combustion of selected paving asphalts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TOXIC SPECIES EMISSIONS FROM CONTROLLED COMBUSTION OF SELECTED PAVING ASPHALTS A Theis CARLOS LUIS MENDEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas Adt, M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Safety Engineering TOXIC SPECIES EMISSIONS FROM CONTROLLED COMBUSTION OF SELECTED PAVING ASPHALTS A Thesis by CARLOS LUIS MENDEZ Submitted to Texas AdtM University in partial fulfillment...

Mendez, Carlos Luis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

237

Recycling asphaltic concrete with sulphur as a supplemental binder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECYCLING ASPHALTIC CONCRETE WITH SULPHUR AS A SUPPLEMENTAL BINDER A Thesis by ROBERT WILLIAM BARNETT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1976 Major Subject: Civil Engineering RECYCLING ASPHALTIC CONCRETE WITH SULPHUR AS A SUPPLEMENTAL BINDER A Thesis by ROBERT WILLIAM BARNETT Approved as to style and content by: :) (Chairm o I ommit tee) (M ber) Mem er) August 1976...

Barnett, Robert William

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Oxygen consumption by asphalt films and resulting viscosity changes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OXYGEN CONSUMPTION BY ASPHALT FILNS AND RESULTING VISCOSITY CHANGES A Thesis by FRANK LEE CARTER, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... Nay 1965 Major Subject: Chemistry OXYGEN CONSUMPTION BY ASPHALT FILMS AND RESULTING VISCOSITY CHANGES A Thesis by FRANK LEE CARTER, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairm of Committee) (H o Depa ( mb ) (Membe May 1965...

Carter, Frank Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

Application of Asphalt-aggregates Interfacial Energies to Evaluate Moisture-induced Damage of Warm Mix Asphalt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With increasing environmental awareness and high oil prices, use of warm mix asphalt (WMA) is gaining popularity in the asphalt industry. Different WMA technologies including use of additives to reduce the mixing and compaction temperatures are being applied. The present study uses the surface free energy (SFE) method as a mechanistic framework to evaluate the moisture susceptibility of warm mix asphalt (WMA) with Evotherm® WMA-additive. The SFE components of a modified PG64-22 asphalt binder with different percentages of Evotherm® and selected aggregates were measured in the laboratory. The work of adhesion, the work of debonding, and energy ratios were estimated to assess the moisture-induced damage potential of combinations of neat and Evotherm®-modified asphalt binders and different aggregates. The results indicated that use of Evotherm® resulted in increase in total SFE and work of adhesion and a reduction in the work of debonding, indicating a better possible aggregate-asphalt binder bond and lower moisture susceptibility potential. It is expected that the present study would be helpful in understanding the moisture-damage potential of flexible pavements constructed with WMA technologies.

Rouzbeh Ghabchi; Dharamveer Singh; Musharraf Zaman; Qingyan Tian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook 8/13/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast Price Movements Related to Supply/Demand Balance OPEC Production Likely To Remain Low U.S. Reflects World Market Crude Oil Outlook Conclusions Distillate Prices Increase With Crude Oil Distillate Stocks on the East Coast Were Very Low Entering Last Winter Distillate Demand Strong Last Winter More Supply Possible This Fall than Forecast Distillate Fuel Oil Imports Could Be Available - For A Price Distillate Supply/Demand Balance Reflected in Spreads Distillate Stocks Expected to Remain Low Winter Crude Oil and Distillate Price Outlook Heating Oil Outlook Conclusion Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Syngas Production from Propane Using Atmospheric Non-thermal Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Propane steam reforming using a sliding discharge reactor was investigated under atmospheric pressure and low temperature (420 K). Non-thermal plasma steam reforming proceeded efficiently and hydrogen was...2 con...

F. Ouni; A. Khacef; J. M. Cormier

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Auswirkung der Verwendung von Methan an Stelle von Propan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Um zu prüfen, welche Verhältnisse sich ergeben, wenn man an Stelle von Propan, wie es in den international vorgeschlagenen Dreistoff-Gemischen vorgesehen ist, Methan heranzöge, wurden für das Normprüfgas folgende...

Prof. Dr. Ing. Fritz Schuster…

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Texas Propane Fleet Pilot Program | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. tiarravt058kelly2010p.pdf More Documents & Publications Texas Propane Vehicle Pilot Project Texas...

244

Hydronic Heating Coil Versus Propane Furnace, Rehoboth Beach...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

source heat pump (ASHP) with supplemental propane furnace heating. The Building America test house uses the same ASHP unit, but supplemental heat is provided by a combined DHW and...

245

Lower oil prices also cutting winter heating oil and propane...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lower oil prices also cutting winter heating oil and propane bills Lower oil prices are not only driving down gasoline costs, but U.S. consumers will also see a bigger savings in...

246

VEE-0040- In the Matter of Western Star Propane, Inc.  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On February 18, 1997, Western Star Propane, Inc. (Western) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application,...

247

Revised Propane Stock Levels for 6/7/13  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Revised Propane Stock Levels for 6713 Release Date: June 19, 2013 Following the release of the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) for the week ended June 7, 2013, EIA...

248

RECS Propane Usage Form_v1 (Draft).xps  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

propane usage for this housing unit between September 2008 and April 2010. Delivery Number Enter the Delivery Date for each delivery 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Enter the Total Dollar...

249

Can propane school buses save money and provide other benefits...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Can propane school buses save money and provide other benefits? October 1, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint School districts across the country are looking for ways to save money and be more...

250

Advisory on the reporting error in the combined propane stocks...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Advisory on the reporting error in the combined propane stocks for PADDs 4 and 5 Release Date: June 12, 2013 The U.S. Energy Information Administration issued the following...

251

Asphalt Roofing Shingles Into Energy Project Summary Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on a widely cited September, 1999 report by the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources, nearly 11 million tons of asphalt roofing shingle wastes are produced in the United States each year. Recent data suggests that the total is made up of about 9.4 million tons from roofing tear-offs and about 1.6 million tons from manufacturing scrap. Developing beneficial uses for these materials would conserve natural resources, promote protection of the environment and strengthen the economy. This project explored the feasibility of using chipped asphalt shingle materials in cement manufacturing kilns and circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers. A method of enhancing the value of chipped shingle materials for use as fuel by removing certain fractions for use as substitute raw materials for the manufacture of new shingles was also explored. Procedures were developed to prevent asbestos containing materials from being processed at the chipping facilities, and the frequency of the occurrence of asbestos in residential roofing tear-off materials was evaluated. The economic feasibility of each potential use was evaluated based on experience gained during the project and on a review of the well established use of shingle materials in hot mix asphalt. This project demonstrated that chipped asphalt shingle materials can be suitable for use as fuel in circulating fluidized boilers and cement kilns. More experience would be necessary to determine the full benefits that could be derived and to discover long term effects, but no technical barriers to full scale commercial use of chipped asphalt shingle materials in these applications were discovered. While the technical feasibility of various options was demonstrated, only the use of asphalt shingle materials in hot mix asphalt applications is currently viable economically.

Jameson, Rex, PE

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

252

Evaluation of the filler effects on fatique cracking and permanent deformation of asphalt concrete mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The addition of hydrated lime to asphalt has shown to be beneficial with an improvement in the Theological properties of the binder, as well as resistance to permanent deformation (rutting) and fatigue cracking of asphalt concrete mixtures...

Izzo, Richard P

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

E-Print Network 3.0 - asphalt technology test Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

test Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: asphalt technology test Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Bi Oil i A h ltBio-Oil in Asphalt...

254

Evaluation of healing in asphalt binders using dynamic shear rheometer and molecular modeling techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-healing material. It is also well known that healing has a substantial affect on the performance of asphalt mixtures and consequently on the serviceable life of asphalt pavements. For example, shift factors from laboratory experimental data to field observed data...

Bommavaram, Ramamohan Reddy

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

A Coupled Micromechanical Model of Moisture-Induced Damage in Asphalt Mixtures: Formulation and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deleterious effect of moisture on the structural integrity of asphalt mixtures has been recognized as one of the main causes of early deterioration of asphalt pavements. This phenomenon, usually referred to as moisture damage, is defined...

Caro Spinel, Silvia

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

256

Evaluation of plastic–rubber asphalt: Engineering property and environmental concern  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Waste rubber and plastic are accumulating heavily in China and causing significant environmental issues. In this study, the rubber and one kind of plastic, polypropylene (PP), were powdered and mixed with base asphalt to form plastic–rubber asphalt (PRA). This study evaluated PRA and the mixture in two-folds, engineering properties and environmental concerns. SBS asphalt, one commonly used asphalt binder in China, was adopted as a control. To evaluate the environmental burdens of PRA mixture and SBS asphalt mixture, a cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment (LCA) modeling was performed. Throughout the study, it is revealed that: (1) as a binder, PRA is weaker in terms of softening point, elastic recovery and fatigue performance versus SBS asphalt, but the differences are limited; (2) PRA mixture are close to SBS asphalt mixture for the high temperature, low temperature performances and water durability; (3) PRA mixture is more environmental-friendly compared to SBS asphalt mixture.

Bin Yu; Liya Jiao; Fujian Ni; Jun Yang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

High ethylene to ethane processes for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Oxidative coupling of lower alkane to higher hydrocarbon is conducted using a catalyst comprising barium and/or strontium component and a metal oxide combustion promoter in the presence of vapor phase halogen component. High ethylene to ethane mole ratios in the product can be obtained over extended operating periods.

Chafin, R.B.; Warren, B.K.

1991-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

258

High ethylene to ethane processes for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Oxidative coupling of lower alkane to higher hydrocarbon is conducted using catalyst comprising barium and/or strontium component and a metal oxide combustion promoter in the presence of vapor phase halogen component. High ethylene to ethane mole ratios in the product can be obtained over extended operating periods.

Chafin, Richard B. (Hurricane, WV); Warren, Barbara K. (Charleston, WV)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Development of asphalts and pavements using recycled tire rubber. Phase 1: technical feasibility. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the technical progress made on the development of asphalts and pavements using recycled tire rubber.

Bullin, J.A.; Davison, R.R.; Glover, C.J. [and others

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Use of a warm mix asphalt additive to reduce the production temperatures and to improve the performance of asphalt rubber mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Asphalt rubber mixtures are often described as environmentally friendly mixtures due to the incorporation of recycled rubber from used tires and due to their improved service life. In fact, their fatigue cracking and rut resistance properties are better than those of conventional asphalt concrete mixtures. However, asphalt rubber mixtures demand higher production temperatures than conventional mixtures due to the higher viscosity of the asphalt rubber binder. The objective of this paper is to assess the efficiency of using a surfactant based additive in the production of warm mix asphalts, by lowering the mixing temperatures of asphalt rubber and asphalt concrete mixtures without changing their performance. Several laboratory tests were carried out on asphalt rubber and asphalt concrete mixtures, with and without the additive, in order to evaluate and compare the performance of the mixtures. It was concluded that the incorporation of small amounts of a surfactant based additive allowed reducing the production temperatures of both types of mixture by 30 °C without compromising their performance, and this can be seen as a great step forward towards the production of cleaner asphalt rubber mixtures.

Joel R.M. Oliveira; Hugo M.R.D. Silva; Liliana P.F. Abreu; Sara R.M. Fernandes

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Texas laws and incentives related

262

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

263

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

264

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

265

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Iowa laws and incentives related

266

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Utah laws and incentives related

267

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

268

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

269

Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

270

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Maine laws and incentives related

271

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

272

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

273

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

274

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

275

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Idaho laws and incentives related

276

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

277

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Ohio laws and incentives related

278

Asphalt emulsion sealing of uranium mill tailings. 1980 annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of asphalt emulsion sealants conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory have demonstrated that the sealants are effective in containing radon and other potentially hazardous material within uranium tailings. The laboratory and field studies have further demonstrated that radon exhalation from uranium tailings piles can be reduced by greater than 99% to near background levels. Field tests at the tailings pile in Grand Junction, Colorado, confirmed that an 8-cm admix seal containing 22 wt% asphalt could be effectively applied with a cold-mix paver. Other techniques were successfully tested, including a soil stabilizer and a hot, rubberized asphalt seal that was applied with a distributor truck. After the seals were applied and compacted, overburden was applied over the seal to protect the seal from ultraviolet degradation.

Hartley, J.N.; Koehmstedt, P.L; Esterl, D.J.; Freeman, H.D.; Buelt, J.L.; Nelson, D.A.; Elmore, M.R.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Evaluation of the influence of various parameters on the healing potential of an asphalt concrete mix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) FIGURE Page 29. Healing index as a function of RP/? and SA for asphalt AAA-I with granite fines . 61 30. Healing index as a function of RP/? and SA for asphalt AAB-I with granite fines . 62 31. Healing index as a function of RP/? and SA for asphalt... AAD-1 with granite fines . 63 32. Healing index as a function of RP/? and SA for asphalt AAG-1 with granite fines . 64 33. Healing index as a function of RP/? for asphalt AAK-1 with granite fines . 65 34. Healing index as a function of RP...

Telikicherla, Sriram Kumar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

280

Automated titration method for use on blended asphalts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for determining parameters and compatibility of a substance such as an asphalt or other petroleum substance uses titration to highly accurately determine one or more flocculation occurrences and is especially applicable to the determination or use of Heithaus parameters and optimal mixing of various asphalt stocks. In a preferred embodiment, automated titration in an oxygen gas exclusive system and further using spectrophotometric analysis (2-8) of solution turbidity is presented. A reversible titration technique enabling in-situ titration measurement of various solution concentrations is also presented.

Pauli, Adam T. (Cheyenne, WY); Robertson, Raymond E. (Laramie, WY); Branthaver, Jan F. (Chatham, IL); Schabron, John F. (Laramie, WY)

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Predicting the fatigue life of asphalt concrete overlay systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will simply be the da dN "y-intercept" and n is the slope of the curve. From the procedure listed above Saraf found the parameter A to be affected by the viscosity of the asphalt binder used in the mix, a decrease in viscosity gave an increase in A...PREDICTING THE FATIGUE LIFE OF ASPHALT CONCRETE OVERLAY SYSTEMS A Thesis by FREDERICK PHILIP GERMANN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in Partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May...

Germann, Frederick P

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Evaluate the fracture and fatigue resistances of hot mix asphalt containing high percentage reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) materials at low and intermediate temperatures.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??When applying recycled asphalt technology in a flexible pavement project, most of the concerns are related to low-temperature fracture and fatigue cracking, since the stiffness… (more)

Tang, Sheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

GEOTHERMAL FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE: INDICATORS OF FLUID | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE: INDICATORS OF FLUID FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE: INDICATORS OF FLUID Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: GEOTHERMAL FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE: INDICATORS OF FLUID Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The use of fluid inclusion gas analysis propene/propene ratios is investigated. Ratios of these species are affected by geothermal fluid temperature and oxidations state. Our purpose is to determine if analyses of these species in fluid inclusions these species to can be used to interpret fluid type, history, or process. Analyses were performed on drill cuttings at 20ft intervals from four Coso geothermal wells. Two wells are good producers, one has cold-water entrants in the production zone, and the fourth is a non-producer. The ratios show distinct differences between

284

Hybrid adsorption-distillation process for separating propane and propylene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The separation of propylene from a propane-propylene mixture by distillation is a energy-intensive process. A hybrid adsorption-distillation system has a great potential in reducing the energy consumption. A significant amount of energy can be saved relative to a process using only distillation, if a typical separation is carried out by distillation up to a propylene concentration of approximately 80% and then continuing the separation of propane from propylene by adsorption. A volumetric adsorption apparatus was designed to obtain the data at high pressures. The pure component data of propane and propylene were obtained on silica gel, molecular sieve 13X, and activated carbon. Although activated carbon has a greater capacity for both propane and propylene than either of the two adsorbents, it was only slightly selective for propylene. Silica gel has the greatest selectivity for propylene, which ranged from 2 to 4. None of the adsorbents was found to be selective for propane. The propane-propylene mixture behaved nonideally on the solid surface as indicated by the negative deviations of activity coefficients. The nonideality of the mixture can be attributed primarily to surface effects rather than to interactions between adsorbate molecules. A binary model has been proposed to predict mole fractions in the adsorbed phase and the total amount adsorbed from the pure component data. The pure component isotherm model of Hines et al. was extended to binary mixtures when the binary model was developed. Excellent agreement was obtained between experimental data and predicted values for mole fractions in the adsorbed phased, the total amount adsorbed, and adsorbed-phase activity coefficients.

Ghosh, T.K.; Lin, Hon-Da; Hines, A.L. (Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Yellow Cab Converts Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on AddThis.com... July 9, 2011 Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio

286

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Tax to someone by E-mail Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax Retail sales for CNG and liquefied petroleum gas (propane) used to operate

287

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel and Propane Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on AddThis.com... Oct. 2, 2009

288

U.S. Natural Gas Supplemental Gas - Propane Air (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Propane Air (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Supplemental Gas - Propane Air (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

289

Microsoft PowerPoint - Propane_Briefing_140205_nn.pptx  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

add to 100%) Northeast South Midwest West U.S. total 116 million homes natural gas propane heating oil electricity wood keroseneotherno heating propane 4.5% 7% 81% 5% 10% 4%...

290

Induction of Anchorage-independent Growth in Human Fibroblasts by Propane Sultone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Anchorage-independent Growth in Human Fibroblasts by Propane Sultone 1 1 Supported in part by Department...growth after treatment with the carcinogen propane sultone, followed by exponential growth...Exposure to these same concentrations of propane sultone also resulted in a dose-dependent...

K. Charles Silinskas; Suzanne A. Kateley; John E. Tower; Veronica M. Maher; J. Justin McCormick

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

The Intramolecular Isotope Effect in the Pyrolysis of 1-$^{14}$C Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Intramolecular Isotope Effect in the Pyrolysis of 1- C Propane H. M. Frey C. J. Danby Cyril Hinshelwood 1- C propane has been synthesized from active barium carbonate in 50% yield. This propane has been pyrolyzed at temperatures from 550 to 603...

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Critical temperatures and pressures for hydrocarbon mixtures from an equation of state with renormalization-group-theory corrections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mixtures: Methane-Ethane-Propane System, J. Chern. Eng. DataEquilibrium in the Ethane-Propane-n-Butane System, FluidLNG), i.e. methane, ethane, propane, n-butane, n-pentane and

Jiang, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Study of ice and snow melting process on conductive asphalt solar collector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the snow melting process on asphalt pavements as solar collector by experiments and numerical simulation. A numerical simulation method was used to predict the general design requirements for snow melting system of asphalt pavements, and a type of experimental asphalt snow melting system has been built using the design parameters obtained from the preceding simulation. Graphite powders were used to improve the thermal conductivity of asphalt concrete and thus resulting in an improved efficiency of asphalt collector. A laboratory snow melting test was performed after real snowstorm events. The effects of thermal conductive asphalt concrete (CAC) on snow melting performance and asphalt pavement temperature distribution were evaluated. The heat transfer in the asphalt slabs and the heat requirement for the snow melting were analyzed. The results that are obtained show that asphalt solar collector (ASC) provides us a better alternative method for snow melting. The higher fluid temperature is a positive way to improve the performance of snow melting system. However, it is unnecessary to keep a too high fluid temperature so as to reduce the waste of energy. The non-uniform temperatures in the asphalt slabs are noticeable. Furthermore, the heat-transmission and the snow melting performance can be enhanced using CAC.

Mingyu Chen; Shaopeng Wu; Hong Wang; Jizhe Zhang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Evaluation of western and eastern shale oil residua as asphalt pavement recycling agents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this investigation was to perform a preliminary evaluation of the utility of residual materials prepared from Green River Formation (western) and New Albany Shale (eastern) shale oils as recycling agents for aged asphalt pavement. Four petroleum asphalts were first aged by a thin-film accelerated-aging test, which simulates long service life of asphalt in pavement. The aged asphalts were mixed (recycled) with Green River Formation shale oil distillation residua to restore the original viscosities. Separately, for comparison, a commercial recycling agent was used to recycle the aged asphalts under the same circumstances. The recycled asphalts were reaged and the properties of both binder and asphalt-aggregate mixtures studied. Originally, the same study was intended for an eastern shale residua. However, the eastern shale oil distillation residua with the required flash point specification also had the properties of a viscosity builder; therefore, it was studied as such with asphalts that do not achieve sufficient viscosity during processing to serve as usable binders. Results show that Green River Formation shale oil residuum can be used to restore the original asphalt properties with favorable rheological properties, the shale oil residuum has a beneficial effect on resistance to moisture damage, the low-temperature properties of the shale oil residuum recycled asphalts are not adversely affected, and the low-temperature properties of the shale oil residuum recycled asphalts are dependent upon the chemistry of the mixture. The eastern shale oil residua was blended with soft petroleum asphalts. Results show the products have higher viscosities than the starting materials, the rheological properties of the soft asphalt-eastern shale oil residue blends are acceptable, and the eastern shale oil residue has dispersant properties despite its high viscosity. 11 refs., 3 figs., 9 tabs.

Harnsberger, P.M.; Robertson, R.E.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Liquefied Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on AddThis.com...

296

An analysis of some properties of paving asphalts in Texas as they relate to pavement performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University Chairman of Adv1sory Committee: Dr. William B. Ledbetter This study exam1nes the possibility of the ex1stence of a better defined relationship between rheological asphalt binder properties and pavement performance of thin asphaltic concrete... pavements 1n Texas. Several descriptive, as well as predicti ve models were formulated. These models show that the relat1onsh1p between asphalt binder prop- erties and pavement performance is significant. Indeed, the relation- ship is far more signif1...

DuBose, Emmett Haygood

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The Irreversible Formation of Methane in the System Ethane-Ethylene-Hydrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...System Ethane-Ethylene-Hydrogen C. J. Danby B. C. Spall...mass-spectrometric analysis and by kinetic methods. The methane is formed directly...concluded that the major mode of production of methane from ethane is...circumstances. From the ethylene-hydrogen side the methane arises by...

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Studies of cosolvent systems in supercritical ethane using solvated electrons.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, pulse-radiolytic studies of the methanol-ethane cosolvent system are carried out. Our results show that at temperatures below approximately 110 C, there are high local concentrations of alcohols (clusters) that are capable of solvating an electron, suggesting a size of approximately 4-5 methanol molecules at approximately 0.15 mole fraction alcohol. Reactions have been carried out between these solvated electrons and silver ions that are (presumably) dissolved in other small clusters of alcohols. These results show that the reaction between species in two different clusters is approximately 2 orders of magnitude slower than diffusion-controlled reactions.

Dimitrijevic, N. M.; Bartels, D. M.; Jonah, C. D.; Takahashi, K.

2000-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

299

Feasibility of reconstructing paleoatmospheric records of selected alkanes, methyl halides, and sulfur gases from Greenland ice cores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

study of ethane and propane oxidation in the tropo- sphere,alkanes (ethane, C 2 H 6 ; propane, C 3 H 8 ; n-butane, n-Cfluid contamination. 4.1.2. Propane [ 24 ] Propane levels in

Aydin, M.; Williams, M. B; Saltzman, E. S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Integrated coke, asphalt and jet fuel production process and apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process and apparatus for the production of coke, asphalt and jet fuel m a feed of fossil fuels containing volatile carbon compounds therein is disclosed. The process includes the steps of pyrolyzing the feed in an entrained bed pyrolyzing means, separating the volatile pyrolysis products from the solid pyrolysis products removing at least one coke from the solid pyrolysis products, fractionating the volatile pyrolysis products to produce an overhead stream and a bottom stream which is useful as asphalt for road pavement, condensing the overhead stream to produce a condensed liquid fraction and a noncondensable, gaseous fraction, and removing water from the condensed liquid fraction to produce a jet fuel-containing product. The disclosed apparatus is useful for practicing the foregoing process. the process provides a useful method of mass producing and jet fuels from materials such as coal, oil shale and tar sands.

Shang, Jer Y. (McLean, VA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Characterization of road asphalt using Gel Permeation Chromatography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 31 in Toluene MacMillan AC-20 Dickens 1984 Core 3. 9. LNS, NNS, and SNS Regions of the GPC Chromatograms ~ ~ Dorchester AC-5 ~ . 33 4. 1. Variability of Chevron AC-10 Over Time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500 and 50 Angstrom Columns/THF/100... well with performance. Asphaltene content cor- related better. But the best predictor of performance was the simi- larity of an asphalt's chromatogram to that of the model, especially in the LNS region. Based on these data, he made the following...

Donaldson, Guy Randal

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

302

Microstructural Characterization of the Chemo-mechanical Behavior of Asphalt in Terms of Aging and Fatigue Performance Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implements the framework of chemo-mechanics by investigating two types of chemical modification processes, natural (oxidative aging) and synthetic (chemical doping) as they relate not only to macro-scale properties of asphalt binder but also to the asphalt...

Allen, Robert Grover

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

303

Combustion behaviour of a heavy duty common rail marine Diesel engine fumigated with propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents results from the testing of a heavy duty common rail marine Diesel engine with electronically controlled two stage liquid fuel injection, operating under load on a test bench with propane mixed into the inlet air at various rates. Results are presented for a range of engine loads, with brake mean effective pressure up to 22 bar at 1800 rpm. The electronic engine control unit is not modified and allowed to respond to the addition of propane according to its inbuilt map. This results in retarded injection timing with increased propane addition at some test points. At each test point, constant engine speed and brake torque are maintained for various rates of propane addition. Cylinder pressure and the injector activation voltage are recorded with a high speed data acquisition system. Apparent heat release rate is calculated from the measured cylinder pressure. At high rates of propane addition very high pressure rise rates and severe knock are measured. At the high brake mean effective pressure conditions tested, knock limits propane supply rates to less than 20% by energy. Small increases in thermal efficiency are indicated with moderate rates of propane addition. Exhaust emissions of NOx, CO, HC and smoke are measured. CO, HC and smoke emissions increase significantly with increasing propane addition. For high propane supply rates, two distinct peaks in heat release rate are measured. Analysis is made of the flammability of the propane–air mixtures at the elevated temperatures at the end of the compression stroke, using the modified Burgess–Wheeler Law. At propane supply rates greater than 25%, the propane–air mixture is flammable in its own right at compression temperature. The apparent heat release rate, fuel injection timing and flammability data allow analysis of the mechanism of the combustion process with propane fumigation.

L. Goldsworthy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Strange Particle Production by Bevatron Neutrons in Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A liquid propane bubble chamber was exposed to a beam of neutrons with energies up to 6 Bev from the Bevatron. 10 000 pictures of interactions in the hydrocarbon were scanned to detect neutral heavy unstable particles. 349 neutral V-events were found, most of which came from the stainless steel walls of the chamber. 86% of these events could be identified as one or the other or either of the neutral strange particles: ?0 or ?10. The ?0?10 ratio is about 0.6.8200 stars of 2 or more prongs formed by neutrons interacting in the liquid propane were observed in the chamber and 17 of these produced V0's. An additional 5 V0's were formed in single-prong events produced by neutrons, and 8 others were produced in events in the propane caused by charged particles.The energy spectrum of the incident neutrons was estimated from study of ?-meson production interactions in the hydrogen. The distribution shows that the neutrons had energies up to 6 Bev with a mean value of about 4 Bev. For the energy range 1 to 6 Bev, the production of strange particles occurs in about 1% of all inelastic interactions of neutrons with hydrogen and carbon.

Charles O. Dechand

1959-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Evaluation of moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixes containing RAP and different types of aggregates and asphalt binders using the surface free energy method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The surface free energy (SFE) measurement of asphalt binder and aggregate is considered a reliable mechanistic framework for evaluating the moisture-induced damage potential of asphalt mixes. In the present study, the SFE method was used to evaluate the effects of asphalt binder type, Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) and its amount, and aggregate type on the moisture-induced damage potential of asphalt mixes. The SFE components (non-polar, acid and base) of a PG 64-22 and a PG 76-28 (polymer-modified) asphalt binders, blended with different amounts of RAP binder (0%, 10%, 25% and 40%) were measured in the laboratory using a Dynamic Contact Angle (DCA) analyzer. Also, the SFE components of six types of aggregates, namely limestone, rhyolite, sandstone, granite, gravel, and basalt were used in this study. The SFE components of limestone and rhyolite aggregates were measured using a Universal Sorption Device (USD), while those of the sandstone, granite, gravel, and basalt aggregates were obtained from the literature. The energy ratio parameters estimated based on the spreading coefficient, the work of adhesion, and the work of debonding were used to assess the moisture-induced damage potential of different combinations of asphalt binders and different RAP binder contents and aggregates. The SFE test results indicated that the acid SFE component of PG 64-22 and PG 76-28 asphalt binders increase with the addition of RAP binder, while the base SFE component remains almost unchanged. Also, the wettability and the work of adhesion of both PG 64-22 and PG 76-28 asphalt binders over different types of aggregates increased with an increase in RAP content (by 25% and more). Based on the energy ratio parameters, it was found that the resistance to moisture-induced damage increased with an increase in RAP content for both PG 64-22 and PG 76-28 asphalt binders and all types of aggregates, specifically when higher RAP contents were used. Moreover, it was found that the higher the total SFE of the aggregates, the lower the energy ratio parameter values. Therefore, a high total SFE component of aggregate may result in a high moisture-induced damage potential of the mix. The results presented herein are expected to be helpful in mechanistically assessing the moisture-induced damage potential of asphalt mixes, produced with polymer-modified and non-polymer-modified asphalt binders, containing RAP.

Rouzbeh Ghabchi; Dharamveer Singh; Musharraf Zaman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A unified method for the analysis of nonlinear viscoelasticity and fatigue cracking of asphalt mixtures using the dynamic mechanical analyzer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..................................................................................... 69 Energy Method to Characterize Fatigue Damage in Asphalt Pavements .................................................................................... 70 Definition of Dissipated Energy (DE) Components.... Dallas N. Little Fatigue cracking is one of the primary modes of distress in asphalt pavements that has an important economic impact. Fatigue resistance characterization of an asphalt mixture is a complex issue due to: (i) composite nature...

Castelo Branco, Veronica Teixeira Franco

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Experimental study on transmission of an overdriven detonation wave from propane/oxygen to propane/air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two sets of experiments were performed to achieve a strong overdriven state in a weaker mixture by propagating an overdriven detonation wave via a deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) process. First, preliminary experiments with a propane/oxygen mixture were used to evaluate the attenuation of the overdriven detonation wave in the DDT process. Next, experiments were performed wherein a propane/oxygen mixture was separated from a propane/air mixture by a thin diaphragm to observe the transmission of an overdriven detonation wave. Based on the characteristic relations, a simple wave intersection model was used to calculate the state of the transmitted detonation wave. The results showed that a rarefaction effect must be included to ensure that there is no overestimate of the post-transmission wave properties when the incident detonation wave is overdriven. The strength of the incident overdriven detonation wave plays an important role in the wave transmission process. The experimental results showed that a transmitted overdriven detonation wave occurs instantaneously with a strong incident overdriven detonation wave. The near-CJ state of the incident wave leads to a transmitted shock wave, and then the transition to the overdriven detonation wave occurs downstream. The attenuation process for the overdriven detonation wave decaying to a near-CJ state occurs in all tests. After the attenuation process, an unstable detonation wave was observed in most tests. This may be attributed to the increase in the cell width in the attenuation process that exceeds the detonability cell width limit. (author)

Li, J.; Lai, W.H. [National Cheng Kung University, Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Tainan (China); Chung, K. [National Cheng Kung University, Aerospace Science and Technology Research Center, Tainan (China); Lu, F.K. [University of Texas at Arlington, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, Aerodynamics Research Center, TX 76019 (United States)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane May 15, 2013 - 4:10pm Addthis Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000

309

Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane May 15, 2013 - 4:10pm Addthis Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000

310

Propane Market Outlook Assessment of Key Market Trends, Threats, and Opportunities Facing  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

0 0 Propane Market Outlook Assessment of Key Market Trends, Threats, and Opportunities Facing the Propane Industry Through 2020 P r e s e n T e d B y : Declining Sales in the Recent Past and Near-Term Future After peaking in 2003, nationwide propane consumption fell by more than 10 percent through 2006. Although propane demand rebounded somewhat in 2007 and 2008 due to colder weather, propane demand appears to have declined again in 2009. The collapse of the new housing market, combined with decreases in fuel use per customer resulting from efficiency upgrades in homes and equipment, resulted in a decline in residential propane sales. The recession also reduced demand in the industrial and commercial sectors. Colder weather in the last half of 2009 and in January

311

Studies of asphalt air blowing and development of a new short-term aging technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work asphalt air blowing has been studied from two perspectives. First, the process itself was investigated in terms of the effect of air-blowing conditions on the properties of the asphalt materials obtained. It was found that according...

Vassiliev, Nicolai

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

State heating oil and propane program. Final report, 1990--1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a report of New Hampshire`s participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPS) for the 1990--91 heating season. The program is a joint effort between participating states and the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EYE) to collect retail price data for heating oil and propane through phone surveys of 25 oil and 20 propane retailers in New Hampshire. SHOPS is funded through matching grants from DOE and the participating state. (VC)

Not Available

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

313

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

314

Chemisorption of Propane on Platinum Surfaces in the Presence of Pre-adsorbed Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... adsorbed water. In order to study this question, we have investigated the chemisorption of propane on platinum in the presence of pre-adsorbed water.

G. SANDSTEDE; G. WALTER; G. WURZBACHER

1967-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

315

Oxygen-Free Propane Oxidative Dehydrogenation Over Vanadium Oxide Catalysts: Reactivity and Kinetic Modelling.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Propane conversion to propylene has been the subject of intensive researches. This is due to the increasing demand for propylene. Current propylene production processes suffer… (more)

Al-Ghamdi, Sameer Ali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

317

STUDY OF PROPANE ADSORPTION ISOTHERM ON PURIFIED HIPCO SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Isotherms of one atom thick film of adsorption for propane on purified Hipco single-walled carbon nanotube were experimentally studied at 6 different temperatures ranging from… (more)

Furuhashi, Toyohisa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Table 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and EIA-782B, "Resellers'Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type 28 Energy Information Administration ...

319

Process Simulation, Modeling & Design for Soybean Oil Extraction Using Liquid Propane.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study investigates the use of liquid propane for soybean oil extraction and the use of commercial software for process modeling and simulation. Soybean oil… (more)

Patrachari, Anirudh Ramanujan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Microsoft PowerPoint - Propane_Briefing_140131_summary_v2_nn...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

add to 100%) Northeast South Midwest West U.S. total 116 million homes natural gas propane heating oil electricity wood keroseneotherno heating 81% 5% 10% 4% Northeast...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Experimental studies of steam-propane and enriched gas injection for the Minas light crude oil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Experimental studies were carried out to compare the benefits of propane as an additive in steam injection and in lean gas injection to enhance production… (more)

Yudishtira, Wan Dedi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Experimental studies of steam-propane injection for the Duri intermediate crude oil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Laboratory experimental studies were carried out to better understand production mechanisms involved in steam-propane injection and to investigate effects of expected field pressure and temperature… (more)

Hendroyono, Arief

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Process Design and Simulation for Extraction of Milk Fat Using Liquid Propane.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Numerous studies have been conducted to increase the utilization of milk by fractionating the fat. This work examines the use of liquid propane for extraction… (more)

Byluppala, Harita

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Evaluation of an eastern shale oil residue as an asphalt additive  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An evaluation of eastern shale oil (ESO) residue as an asphalt additive to reduce oxidative age hardening and moisture susceptibility was conducted by Western Research Institute (WRI). The ESO residue, have a viscosity of 23.9 Pa{lg_bullet}s at 60{degree}C (140{degree}F), was blended with three different petroleum-derived asphalts, ASD-1, AAK-1, and AAM-1, which are known to be very susceptible to oxidative aging. Rheological and infrared analyses of the unaged and aged asphalts and the blends were then conducted to evaluate oxidative age hardening. In addition, the petroleum-derived asphalts and the blends were coated onto three different aggregates, Lithonia granite (RA), a low-absorption limestone (RD), and a siliceous Gulf Coast gravel (RL), and compacted into briquettes. Successive freeze-thaw cycling was then conducted to evaluate the moisture susceptibility of the prepared briquettes. The rheological analyses of the unaged petroleum-derived asphalts and their respective blends indicate that the samples satisfy the rutting requirement. However, the aging indexes for the rolling thin film oven (RTFO)-aged and RTFO/pressure aging vessel (PAV)-aged samples indicate that the blends are stiffer than the petroleum-derived asphalts. This means that when in service the blends will be more prone to pavement embrittlement and fatigue cracking than the petroleum-derived asphalts. Infrared analyses were also conducted on the three petroleum-derived asphalts and the blends before and after RTFO/PAV aging. In general, upon RTFO/PAV aging, the amounts of carbonyls and sulfoxides in the samples increase, indicating that the addition of the ESO residue does not mitigate the chemical aging (oxidation) of the petroleum-derived asphalts. This information correlates with the rheological data and the aging indexes that were calculated for the petroleum-derived asphalts and the blends.

Thomas, K.P.; Harnsberger, P.M.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Experimental and Computational Study of Flame Inhibition Mechanisms of Halogenated Compounds in C1-C3 Alkanes Flames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? = 0.5, (e) Ethane ? = 1.0, (f) Ethane ?=2.0, (g) Propane ? = 0.5, (h) Propane ? = 1.0, (i) Propane ? = 2.0 ............................................................................................ 69 Figure 12. Normalized, peak OH* at near...-atmospheric pressure; (a) Methane ?=0.5, (b) Methane ? = 1.0, (c) Methane ? = 2.0, (d) Ethane ? = 0.5, (e) Ethane ? = 1.0, (f) Ethane ?=2.0, (g) Propane ? = 0.5, (h) Propane ? = 1.0, (i) Propane ? = 2...

Osorio Amado, Carmen H

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

326

New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Cool Roof Coatings and New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt Shingles Meng-Dawn Cheng Oak Ridge National Laboratory chengmd@ornl.gov; 865-241-5918 April 4, 2013 PM: Andre Desjarlais PI: Meng-Dawn Cheng, Ph.D. David Graham, Ph.D. Sue Carroll Steve Allman Dawn Klingeman Susan Pfiffner, Ph.D. (FY12) Karen Cheng (FY12) Partner: Joe Rokowski (Dow) Roof Testing Facility at ORNL Building Technologies Research and Integration Center 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Building accounted for 41% of the US energy consumption in 2010 greater than either transportation (28%) or industry (31%).

327

New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Cool Roof Coatings and New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt Shingles Meng-Dawn Cheng Oak Ridge National Laboratory chengmd@ornl.gov; 865-241-5918 April 4, 2013 PM: Andre Desjarlais PI: Meng-Dawn Cheng, Ph.D. David Graham, Ph.D. Sue Carroll Steve Allman Dawn Klingeman Susan Pfiffner, Ph.D. (FY12) Karen Cheng (FY12) Partner: Joe Rokowski (Dow) Roof Testing Facility at ORNL Building Technologies Research and Integration Center 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Building accounted for 41% of the US energy consumption in 2010 greater than either transportation (28%) or industry (31%).

328

Use of VFDs on Asphalt Plant Induced Draft Fans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mixer at the burner end and flows across the aggregate as it moves toward the burner. The hot air Extrapolating savings achieved with 10 asphalt plants in the Intermountain West, almost 200,000 MWh of annual energy savings could be achieved... Name Damper Plant kWh Fan kWh Fan % Staker West Haven Outlet 1,021,040 ,68130% Ogden Plant Outlet 548,640 171,257 31% POM Plant Outlet 1,284,480 ,61825% Orem Plant Inlet 890,250 96,731 11% Staker Cedar City Outlet 502,320 115,949 23% Staker Beck Street...

Anderson, G. R.; Case, P. L.; Lowery, J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Thermodynamics of Gaseous Hydrocarbons: Ethane, Ethylene, Propane, Propylene, n?Butane, Isobutane, 1?Butene, Cis and Trans 2?Butenes, Isobutene, and Neopentane (Tetramethylmethane)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is pointed out that the assumption of completely free internal rotation in the simpler hydrocarbon molecules is probably responsible for the discrepancies between the results of previous statistical mechanical calculations and the experimental data. Using the formulas and tables of the preceding paper calculations are presented which show that for reasonable values of rotation restricting potentials complete agreement can be obtained with all experimental results. The uncertainty as to the exact height and shape of these potential barriers together with the possible errors in estimated vibration frequencies make highly precise calculations of thermodynamic functions out of the question at present. Nevertheless the general agreement with experiment indicates that the potentials and frequencies selected must be approximately correct. These molecular structure data together with the available values of heats of combustion and hydrogenation are then employed in calculations which yield thermodynamic constants and the free energy of formation as a function of the temperature in the range from 300 to 1500°K. The various calculations have been made for all of the hydrocarbons listed in the title.

Kenneth S. Pitzer

1937-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Dynamics of Propane in Silica Mesopores Formed upon Propylene Hydrogenation over Pt Nanoparticles by Time-Resolved FT-IR Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

state distribution of propane between gas and mesopore phaseWavenumber (cm ) B Gas Phase Propane 2968 cm k 1 = 3.1 ± 0.4slices showing the gas phase propane component at 216, 648,

Waslylenko, Walter; Frei, Heinz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Novel adsorption distillation hybrid scheme for propane/propylene separation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel adsorption-distillation hybrid scheme is proposed for propane/propylene separation. The suggested scheme has potential for saving up to [approximately]50% energy and [approximately]15-30% in capital costs as compared with current technology. The key concept of the proposed scheme is to separate olefins from alkanes by adsorption and then separate individual olefins and alkanes by simple distillation, thereby eliminating energy intensive and expensive olefin-alkane distillation. A conceptual flow schematic for the proposed hybrid scheme and potential savings are outlined.s

Kumar, R.; Golden, T.C.; White, T.R.; Rokicki, A. (Air Products an Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, PA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Biofiltration of asphalt emissions: Full-scale operation treating off-gases from polymer-modified asphalt production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to complaints from nearby residents, a biofilter was designed, installed, and tested for treating odors in one of three odorous emission streams from an asphalt plant producing polymer-modified asphalt. Hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) was determined to be the most prevalent gaseous reduced sulfur compound and was detected in the emission stream only when polymer material was being added to raw asphalt. Emission stream H{sub 2}S concentrations were quite variable, ranging from 16 to approximately 30,000 ppm (v/v) and considered the likely compound contributing most to the plant's odor complaints. The biofilter was effective in controlling odor from the production process and removed an overall average of 65% of the H{sub 2}S during polymer addition, and for H{sub 2}S concentrations less than 400 ppmv, removal averaged 98%. These removal efficiencies reflect data from the biofilter operating at 2.5-minute empty bed residence time in 1996 and a 6.1-minute empty bed residence time in 1997. The biofilter's bed became increasingly acidified during the plant's 1997 operating season producing a pH gradient through the bed ranging from a high of 6.6 to a low of 3.1. The bed medium moisture content remained constant at about 60% (wet weight basis), but changes were observed in the water potential: no correlation to performance was determined. Changes in the microbial community reflected the bed acidification trend, with acidophiles becoming generally more numerous in the bed's deeper portions and in the mid to late season when the bed was most acidified. Bed acidification did not impact the biofilter's H{sub 2}S removal efficiency.

Cook, L.L.; Gostomski, P.A.; Apel, W.A.

1999-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

333

Ethynyl terminated ethers. Synthesis and thermal characterization of 2,2 bis (ethynyl-4-phenylcarbonyl-4-phenoxy-4-phenyl) propane and 2,2 bis (ethynyl-4-phenylsulfonyl-4-phenoxy-4-phenyl) propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two ethynyl end-capped ethers 2,2 Bis [ethynyl-4-phenylsulfonyl-4-phenoxy-4-phenyl] propane and 2,2 Bis [ethynyl-4-phenylcarbonyl-4-phenoxy-4-phenyl] propane have been prepared by a three steps...

Georges Lucotte; Laurent Cormier; Bruno Delfort

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Airborne measurement of OH reactivity during INTEX-B  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plus OH sign), reactiv- propane ing different gases gases atisoprene (plus sign), propane (star) and propene (triangle).NMHC includes ethane, ethene, propane, propene, i-butane, n-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Final report of the Rhode Island State Energy Office on residential no. 2 heating oil and propane prices [SHOPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summary report on residential No.2 heating oil and propane prepared under grant. Summarizes the monitoring and analysis of heating oil and propane prices from October 2000 through March 2001.

McClanahan, Janice

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Further experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of Morichal oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 1998-1999, experimental research was conducted by Goite at Texas A&M University into steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela. Goite's results showed that, compared with steam injection alone, steam-propane...

Ferguson,Mark Anthony

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

337

Experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of an intermediate crude oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past few years, research has been conducted at Texas A&M University on steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela, which contains 13.5 ?API gravity oil. Experimental results show that a 5:100 propane...

Tinss, Judicael Christopher

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Fuel cells—I. Propane on palladium catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the reaction at low temperatures of a gaseous hydrocarbon as a fuel gas at a negative electrode in a fuel cell, the choice of a suitable catalyst is of the first importance. In the present study, catalysts consisting of palladium reduced by hydrogen and palladium reduced by formate, supported on four types of porous skeleton disks (thin nickel, thick nickel and two types of carbon), were examined. In many cases, the electrodes were given a water-proofing treatment. The specific fuel cell used involved the prepared fuel electrode using gaseous propane, 30% KOH solution, a carbon-black air electrode and a temperature of 5O°C We attempt to distinguish the behaviour of propane from that due to hydrogen contained in the electrode, mainly on the basis of the relationship between (a) electrode preparation and treatment and (b) the open-circuit potential behaviour of the fuel electrode. The repetition of small current discharges resulted in open-circuit potentials reaching steady high potentials and in electrodes exhibiting comparatively good dischargeabilities.

M. Fukuda; C.L. Rulfs; P.J. Elving

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Activation of VOHPO4 · 0.5H2O in Propane/Air Mixture: Effect on Structural, Morphological, Oxidant’s Behaviour and Catalytic Property of (VO)2P2O7 Catalysts for Propane Oxidation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

VOHPO4 · 0.5H2O synthesized by VOPO4 · 2H2O and isobutanol was activated in a flow of propane/air mixture (1% propane in air) at 673 K for 36 ... VPD75P and VPD132P. The crystallinity of all propane/air pretreate...

Y. H. Taufiq-Yap; C. S. Saw; R. Irmawati

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The effect of asphalt deposition on recovery of oil by a pentane slug  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF ASPHALT DEPOSITION ON RECOVERY OF OIL BY A PENTANE SLUG NANIK S. BHAGIA THE EFFECT OF ASPHALT DEPOSITION ON RECOVERY OF OIL BY A PENTANE SLUG A Thesis By NANIK S. BHAGIA Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas Ak...M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May, I 965 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering THE EFFECT OF ASPHALT DEPOSITION ON RECOVERY OF OIL BY A PENTANE SLUG A Thesis By NANIK S. BHAGIA Approved...

Bhagia, Nanik S

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The morphology of polymer modified asphalt and its relationship to rheology and durability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-22.......................... 23 2-6 Koch and Alon DSR Maps for Unaged and SAFT Aged Binders ............. 24 2-7 Koch and Alon DSR Maps for PAV*16 and PAV*32 Aged Binders ....... 25 2-8 DSR Function Ratio Divided by Polymer Peak Height... (21). 11 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 4 8 12 16 20 Unaged SAFT SAFT + PAV* 16H SAFT + PAV* 32H St re ss (M Pa ) Elongation Ratio (L/L0) I-35 SBS (Original Binder) Asphalt Modulus Asphalt-Polymer Modulus FIGURE 1-1 A Force Ductility Plot Showing the Asphalt...

Kraus, Zachary Rothman

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

342

Propane ammoxidation over Mo–V–Te–Nb–O M1 phase: Density functional theory study of propane oxidative dehydrogenation steps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile catalyzed by the bulk Mo–V–Te–Nb oxides has received considerable attention because it is more environmentally benign than the current process of propylene ammoxidation and relies on a more abundant feedstock. This process is proposed to consist of a series of elementary steps including propane oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH), ammonia and O2 activation, \\{NHx\\} insertion into C3 surface intermediates, etc. Density functional theory calculations were performed here to investigate the three sequential H abstraction steps that successively convert propane into isopropyl, propene, and ?-allyl on cation sites in the proposed selective and active center present in the ab plane of the Mo–V–Te–Nb–O M1 phase. The initial H abstraction from propane was found to be the rate-limiting step of this process, consistent with both the proposed reaction mechanism for propane ammoxidation on the Mo–V–Te–Nb oxides and current understanding of V5+ as the active site for alkane activation on V-based oxides. Te=O was found to be significantly more active than V5+=O for the H abstraction from propane, which suggests that the surface and bulk Te species may be different. The role of Mo=O is most likely limited to being an H acceptor from isopropyl to form propene under ammoxidation conditions.

Junjun Yu; Ye Xu; Vadim V. Guliants

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Histological Analysis of the Antimetastatic Effect of (±)-1,2-Bis(3,5-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2-Bis(3,5-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)propane A. J. Salsbury Karen Burrage K. Hellmann...2-bis(3,5-dioxopiperazine-1-yl)propane (ICRF 159) on the Lewis lung carcinoma...2-bis(3,5-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)propane. | Comparative Study Journal Article...

A. J. Salsbury; Karen Burrage; K. Hellmann

1974-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Promising Aspects of Heavy Oil and Native Asphalt Conversion Under Field Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heavy oils and native asphalt commercial field development is concerned with research on different issues, refer to production, transportation and processing. Investigation on the possibility of heavy oils and...

B. P. Tumanyan; G. V. Romanov…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Characterization of aggregate resistance to degradation in stone matrix asphalt mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stone matrix asphalt (SMA) mixtures rely on stone-on-stone contacts among particles to resist applied forces and permanent deformation. Aggregates in SMA should resist degradation (fracture and abrasion) under high stresses at the contact points...

Gatchalian, Dennis

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

346

Towards a Multi-scale Framework to Optimize Ageing Resistance of Asphaltic Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes an ongoing research project that is aiming at developing a comprehensive multi-scale approach to optimize the ageing resistance of asphaltic mixtures. In this, ageing has been focused on o...

Prabir Kumar Das; Niki Kringos…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Study of permanent deformation mechanism in asphalt mixes in relation to microcrack growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent developments by Lytton et al. (1998) indicate phics. that the growth of micrographs in asphalt layers under repeated loading is also a cause for the accumulation of permanent deformation or rutting in pavements besides the plastic strain...

Bhairampally, Rajesh Kumar

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

E-Print Network 3.0 - asphalt roofing shingles Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

E. Clark, Ph.D., P.E., D. WRE, Brett V. Long, Christina Y.S. Siu, Julia Spicher, Kelly A. Summary: woods, cedar shakes, asphalt shingles, galvanized (uncoated) metal, and an...

349

A Continuum Coupled Moisture-mechanical Constitutive Model for Asphalt Concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

constitutive relationships are implemented in the Pavement Analysis using Nonlinear Damage Approach (PANDA) finite element (FE) package to model the moisture damage effect on the complex environmental-mechanical response of asphalt concrete. The developed...

Shakiba, Maryam

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

350

Development of a Prediction Model for Skid Resistance of Asphalt Pavements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The skid resistance of asphalt pavement is a major characteristic that determines the driving safety on a road, especially under wet surface conditions. Skid resistance is primarily a function of the microtexture and macrotexture of a pavement...

Rezaei, Arash

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

351

Chip Seals for Asphalt Concrete Pavements: A Proposed Emulsion Residue Specification and Existing Pavement Texture Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chip seals are a pavement surface treatment used for maintaining asphalt concrete pavements. National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Project 14-17 was performed to produce a national Chip Seal Manual which would consolidate the best...

Hoyt, Denise

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

352

Development of a long-term durability specification for polymer modified asphalt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years an increased use of polymers has occurred to modify asphalt binders, mainly to decrease pavement rutting but also to improve binder failure strain in direct tension. Whereas all of these effects positively impact the durability...

Woo, Won Jun

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

353

CFD simulation on the gasification of asphalt water slurry in an entrained flow gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gasification technology is suggested to utilize asphalt particles, which are produced in the heavy oil deep separation process of using coupled low temperature separation of solvent and post extraction residue. I...

Xingying Lan; Hanbin Zhong; Jinsen Gao

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Influence of coarse aggregate size, shape and surface texture on rutting of hot mix asphalt concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objectives of this study were to: 1 ) Evaluate the influence of coarse aggregate shape and surface texture on deformation characteristics of asphalt concrete, 2) Characterize aggregate elongation, shape and texture using fractal dimensional...

Yeggoni, Mohan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

355

Creep-recovery behavior of bituminous binders and its relation to asphalt mixture rutting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rutting is one of the main distress modes of asphalt pavements, especially after prolonged warm periods, and thus a great deal of research has been focused on the development of a rheological parameter that wo...

Olli-Ville Laukkanen; Hilde Soenen; Terhi Pellinen…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

E-Print Network 3.0 - asphalt combustion process Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

67 LA-UR-03-3983 July 2003 Approved for public release; Summary: are modeled in this analysis. Asphalt plants generate criteria pollutants from the combustion in the gas... of any...

357

Laboratory Evaluation of Hot-Mix Asphalt Concrete Fatigue Cracking Resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATORY EVALUATION OF HOT-MIX ASPHALT CONCRETE FATIGUE CRACKING RESISTANCE A Thesis by BRANDON PARKER JAMISON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2010 Major Subject: Civil Engineering LABORATORY EVALUATION OF HOT-MIX ASPHALT CONCRETE FATIGUE CRACKING RESISTANCE A Thesis by BRANDON PARKER JAMISON Submitted to the Office of Graduate...

Jamison, Brandon Parker

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

358

The effect of aging techniques on asphalt low-temperature properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the separation of an asphalt into four fractions: asphaltenes, polar aromatics, naphthene aromatics and saturates. Saturates are typically paraffins and other branched alkanes. Naphthene aromatics are toluene soluble non-polar aromatic hydrocarbons, whereas... polar aromatics are their polar counterparts that are soluble in an ethanol-toluene solution. Saturates, naphthene aromatics and polar aromatics, all soluble in normal heptane, make up the maltene phase of the asphalt. Asphaltcnes are the heaviest...

Knorr, Daniel Brainard

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

A study to improve the engineering properties of limestone rock asphalt paving mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

asphalt is a naturally occuring calcareous material with its interstices filled with natural bitumen. Deposits of this material exist in various locations throughout the United States. The 1 imestone rock asphalt materials used for thi s study... streets, parking lots, etc . Since the aggregate contains natural bitumen, the amount of additional asp baltic binder required to produce a quality paving mixture is reduced. Consequently, the cost of building a road with this material is reduced...

Goodwin, Philip Wayne

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Oxidative reactions and their impact on the properties of asphalt as a pavement binder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OXIDATIVE REACTIONS AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE PROPERTIES OF ASPHALT AS A PAVE~ BINDER A Thesis by CHEE KEUNG LAU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A & M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering OXIDATIVE REACTIONS AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE PROPERTIES OF ASPHALT AS A PAVEMENT BINDER A Thesis by CHEE KEUNG LAU Approved as to style and content by: Charles J. over (Chair...

Lau, Chee Keung

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Thickness estimation of subsurface layers in asphalt pavement using monstatic ground penetrating radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THICKNESS ESTIMATION OF SUBSURFACE LAYERS IN ASPHALT PAVEMENT USING MONSTATIC GROUND PENETRATING RADAR A Thesis CHUN LOK LAU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering THICKNESS ESTIMATION OF SUBSURFACE LAYERS IN ASPHALT PAVEMENT USING MONSTATIC GROUND PENETRATING RADAR A Thesis CHUN LOK LAU Approved as to style and content by...

Lau, Chun Lok

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

362

Biofiltration of Asphalt Emissions: Full-scale Operation Treating Off-gases from Polymer-modified Asphalt Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to complaints from nearby residents, a biofilter was designed, installed, and tested for treating odors in one of three odorous emission streams from an asphalt plant producing polymer-modified asphalt. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) was determined to be the most prevalent gaseous reduced sulfur compound and was detected in the emission stream only when polymer material was being added to raw asphalt. Emission stream H2S concentrations we requite variable, ranging from 16 to approximately 30,000 ppm (v/v) and considered the likely compound contributing most to the plant's odor complaints. The biofilter was effective in controlling odor from the production process and removed an overall average of 65% of the H2S during polymer addition, and for H2S concentrations less than 400 ppmv, re m oval averaged 98%. These removal efficiencies reflect data from the biofilter operating at 2.5-minute empty bed residence time in 1996 and a 6.1-minute empty bed residence time in 1997. The biofilter's bed became increasingly acidified during the plant's 1997 operating season producing a pH gradient through the bed ranging from a high of 6.6 to a low of 3.1. The bed medium moisture content remained constant at about 60% (wet weight basis), but changes were observed in the water potential: no correlation to performance was determined. Changes in the microbial community reflected the bed acidification trend, with acidophiles becoming gene rally more numerous in the bed's deeper portions and in the mid to late season when the bed was most acidified. Bed acidification did not impact the biofilter's H2S removal efficiency. Nearby residents we resurveyed and roughly half of the respondents indicated that the odor conditions had improved, one-third felt odor conditions were unchanged and the remaining 15% felt odor conditions were worse despite the fact that only one of three of the plant's odorous emission streams were treated by the biofilter. Plans are to implement biofiltration for odor control at all of the facility's emission points.

Cook, Lawrence Leslie; Apel, William Arnold; Gostomski, P. A.

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Polarization effects on low-energy electron collisions with propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We employed the Schwinger multichannel method to compute elastic cross sections for low-energy electron collisions with propane (C3H8). The calculations are carried out within the static-exchange and static-exchange plus polarization approximations and covered the energy range from 0 to 15 eV. The computed differential cross sections show good agreement with the experiment, and the computed integral cross sections present the same shape as the measured total cross sections. We found a broad structure in the integral cross section around 8.5 eV and also a Ramsauer-Townsend minimum around 0.1 eV. These results are in agreement with the experimental observations.

Márcio H. F. Bettega; Romarly F. da Costa; Marco A. P. Lima

2008-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

364

An analysis of US propane markets, winter 1996-1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In late summer 1996, in response to relatively low inventory levels and tight world oil markets, prices for crude oil, natural gas, and products derived from both began to increase rapidly ahead of the winter heating season. Various government and private sector forecasts indicated the potential for supply shortfalls and sharp price increases, especially in the event of unusually severe winter weather. Following a rapid runup in gasoline prices in the spring of 1996, public concerns were mounting about a possibly similar situation in heating fuels, with potentially more serious consequences. In response to these concerns, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) participated in numerous briefings and meetings with Executive Branch officials, Congressional committee members and staff, State Energy Offices, and consumers. EIA instituted a coordinated series of actions to closely monitor the situation and inform the public. This study constitutes one of those actions: an examination of propane supply, demand, and price developments and trends.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Simulation of hydrogen and hydrogen-assisted propane ignition in Pt catalyzed microchannel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper deals with self-ignition of catalytic microburners from ambient cold-start conditions. First, reaction kinetics for hydrogen combustion is validated with experimental results from the literature, followed by validation of a simplified pseudo-2D microburner model. The model is then used to study the self-ignition behavior of lean hydrogen/air mixtures in a Platinum-catalyzed microburner. Hydrogen combustion on Pt is a very fast reaction. During cold start ignition, hydrogen conversion reaches 100% within the first few seconds and the reactor dynamics are governed by the ''thermal inertia'' of the microburner wall structure. The self-ignition property of hydrogen can be used to provide the energy required for propane ignition. Two different modes of hydrogen-assisted propane ignition are considered: co-feed mode, where the microburner inlet consists of premixed hydrogen/propane/air mixtures; and sequential feed mode, where the inlet feed is switched from hydrogen/air to propane/air mixtures after the microburner reaches propane ignition temperature. We show that hydrogen-assisted ignition is equivalent to selectively preheating the inlet section of the microburner. The time to reach steady state is lower at higher equivalence ratio, lower wall thermal conductivity, and higher inlet velocity for both the ignition modes. The ignition times and propane emissions are compared. Although the sequential feed mode requires slightly higher amount of hydrogen, the propane emissions are at least an order of magnitude lower than the other ignition modes. (author)

Seshadri, Vikram; Kaisare, Niket S. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology - Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Recoil tritium reaction in rare gas-ethane solid mixtures at ultralow temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recoil T atom reactions have been studied in Ar (or Kr or Xe)-C/sub 2/H/sub 6/-D/sub 2/D/sub 6/ mixtures at 11-20 and 77 K. The relative yields of hydrogen (HT + DT) increase with a decrease of ethane concentration, while those of ethane (C/sub 2/H/sub 5/T + C/sub 2/D/sub 5/T) decrease complementarily. The results indicate that hydrogen is formed by both hot and thermal T atoms, while ethane is formed only by the hot T atoms. The thermal T atoms abstract hydrogen from ethane by quantum mechanical tunneling even at 11-20 K as well as 77 K. The H/D abstraction isotope effect for the thermal T atom reaction with C/sub 2/H/sub 6/ and C/sub 2/D/sub 6/ was measured at 0.2 mol % ethane in rare gas solid. The isotope effects in Ar are 1.0 at 77 K and 3.9 at 18 K, whereas those in Xe are 4.4 at 77 K and 1.0 at 20 K. The isotope effects in Kr are 1.9 at 77 K and 1.1 at 11 K. The average energy loss of hot T atoms in rare gas solid was estimated and compared with that in the gas phase.

Lee, K.P.; Ito, Y.; Fujitani, Y.; Miyazaki, T.; Fueki, K.; Aratono, Y.; Saeki, M.; Tachikawa, E.

1986-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

367

Effect of temperature and pressure on the dynamics of nanoconfined propane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the effect of temperature and pressure on the dynamical properties of propane confined in nanoporous silica aerogel studied using quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS). Our results demonstrate that the effect of a change in the pressure dominates over the effect of temperature variation on the dynamics of propane nano-confined in silica aerogel. At low pressures, most of the propane molecules are strongly bound to the pore walls, only a small fraction is mobile. As the pressure is increased, the fraction of mobile molecules increases. A change in the mechanism of motion, from continuous diffusion at low pressures to jump diffusion at higher pressures has also been observed.

Gautam, Siddharth, E-mail: gautam.25@osu.edu; Liu, Tingting, E-mail: gautam.25@osu.edu; Welch, Susan; Cole, David [School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, 275 Mendenhall Laboratory, 125 S Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Rother, Gernot [Geochemistry and Interfacial Science Group, Chemical Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Jalarvo, Niina [Jülich Center for Neutron Sciences (JCNS-1), Forschungszentrum Jülich Outstation at Spallation Neutron Source(SNS), Chemical and Engineering Materials Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Mamontov, Eugene [Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

368

Natural Gas Variability In California: Environmental Impacts And Device Performance Combustion Modeling of Pollutant Emissions From a Residential Cooking Range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by volume of methane, ethane and propane in the fuel.Baseline 3A 3C Methane Ethane Propane Wobbe (CH 4 ) (C 2 Hand 3C. Table 6: Peak propane along streamline and ratios of

Tonse, S. R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Characterization of trace gases measured over Alberta oil sands mining operations: 76 speciated C2-C10 volatile organic compounds (VOCs), CO2, CH4, CO, NO, NO2, NOy, O3 and SO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3. Continued. SO 2 NO Ethene Propane n- Butane n- Heptanebetween CH 4 , ethane and propane suggest low levels ofa n/a n/a Alkanes Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

SURVEY OF THE LITERATURE ON THE CARBON-HYDROGEN SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

one temperature and analyzed for propane for corr- osion-ratThe pyrolysis of ethane and propane at 2000 to 5000 0 K wasproduct was methane. Propane and The tempera- ethane

Krakowski, R.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Untangling the Chemical Evolution of Titan's Atmosphere and Surface -- From Homogeneous to Heterogeneous Chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CH 3 CCH), propane (C 3 H 8 ), diacetylene (C 4 H 2 ), andorganic solids (ethane, propane) with ionizing radiation insolid ices of ethane and propane – two of Titan’s abundant

Kaiser, Ralf I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Observations of nonmethane organic compounds during ARCTAS - Part 1: Biomass burning emissions and plume enhancements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TOGA WAS Isobutane WAS Propane WAS Ethane TOGA WAS ButaneButane i-Butane Propene Propane Ethyne Ethene Ethane globallight alkanes against propane determined using the WAS data,

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Rheological properties and chemical analysis of nanoclay and carbon microfiber modified asphalt with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work aims to improve the rutting and fatigue cracking resistance of asphalt binders using selected nano- or micro-sized materials and to shed light on the microstructure changes induced by such modification to asphalt binders. The four modifiers (Nanomer I.44P, carbon microfiber, non-modified nanoclay and polymer modified nanoclay) were added into the control asphalt binder (PG 58-34). The Superpave™ tests and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) measurements were conducted for obtaining the complex shear modulus G* and microstructure distribution of modified asphalt binders. Meanwhile, the short-term and long-term aging processes of asphalt binders are simulated by rolling thin film oven (RTFO) and pressure aging vessel (PAV) tests. From the dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) and FTIR tests results, the complex shear modulus G* values of nano- or micro-materials (Nanomer I.44P, non-modified nanoclay and carbon microfiber) modified asphalt binders increase, and the performance of resistance to rutting is improved compared to the control asphalt binder. The addition of polymer modified nanoclay (PMN) into the control asphalt binder decreases the complex shear modulus, and enhances the resistance to fatigue cracking. Moreover, the addition of four modifiers into the control asphalt binder can delay and weaken the aging and oxidation effect.

Hui Yao; Zhanping You; Liang Li; Shu Wei Goh; Chee Huei Lee; Yoke Khin Yap; Xianming Shi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

State of the practice: Design and construction of asphalt paving materials with crumb-rubber modifier. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The document is a comprehensive overview of the terminology, processes, products, and applications of crumb rubber modifier (CRM) technology. The technology includes any use of scrap tire rubber in asphalt paving materials. In general, CRM technology can be divided into two categories--the wet process and the dry process. When CRM is incorporated into an asphalt paving material, it will modify the properties of the binder (asphalt rubber) and/or act as a rubber aggregate (rubber modified hot mix asphalt). The five concepts for using CRM discussed in the report are McDonald, PlusRide, generic dry, chunk rubber asphalt concrete, and continuous blending asphalt rubber. There are two principal unresolved engineering issues related to the use of CRM in asphalt paving materials. On the national level, the ability to recycle asphalt paving mixes containing CRM has not been demonstrated. At the State and local levels, these modified asphalt mixes must be field evaluated to establish expected levels of performance. The appendices provide guidelines for material specifications, mix design, and construction specifications. An experimental work plan for monitoring performance and a stack emission testing program are also included.

Heitzman, M.A.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Diffusive motions in 2D phases of ethane adsorbed on graphite J. P. Coulomb and M. Bienfait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

89 Diffusive motions in 2D phases of ethane adsorbed on graphite J. P. Coulomb and M. Bienfait and translational mobility of a simple rod-like molecule, i.e. ethane (C2H6) adsorbed on graphite (0001), has been is made of molecules standing up on the adsorbing surface. With increasing temperature, a rotational

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

376

Oxidation of ethane to ethylene and acetic acid by MoVNbO catalysts M. Roussel1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Oxidation of ethane to ethylene and acetic acid by MoVNbO catalysts M. Roussel1 , M. Bouchard1 catalytic properties in the oxidation of ethane to ethylene and acetic acid is examined. Solids based on Mo and nanosize of MoO3 and (VNbMo)5O14 crystals. The high global selectivity to ethylene and acetic acid (90

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

377

Phases of ethane adsorbed on purified HiPco single-walled carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have used adsorption isotherms to study ethane films on bundles of purified HiPco single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). We infer the existence of a possible phase transition in this system from a sudden change in the temperature dependence of the coverage interval corresponding to a feature present in the isotherms. The possible phase transition occurs near monolayer completion, at approximately 110K. We also measured isotherms at low fractional coverages and relatively high temperatures (220–240K) in order to determine the binding energy of ethane on the SWNT bundles. We obtained a value of 308meV for this quantity; this is 1.76 times larger than the binding energy of ethane on graphite. We used isotherm results obtained at all measured temperatures and coverages to determine the coverage dependence of the isosteric heat of adsorption for this system.

Dinesh S. Rawat and Aldo D. Migone

2007-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

VEE-0060 - In the Matter of Blakeman Propane, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

60 - In the Matter of Blakeman Propane, Inc. 60 - In the Matter of Blakeman Propane, Inc. VEE-0060 - In the Matter of Blakeman Propane, Inc. On May 11, 1999, Blakeman Propane, Inc. (Blakeman) of Moorcroft, Wyoming, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application, Blakeman requests that it be relieved of the requirement that it file the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) form entitled "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA-782B). As explained below, we have determined that the Application for Exception should be denied. vee0060.pdf More Documents & Publications TEE-0060 - In the Matter of 7 Oil Co., Inc. TEE-0068 - In the Matter of Bowlin Travel Centers, Inc. VEE-0080 - In the Matter of Potter Oil Co.

379

Detonation of propane-air mixtures under injection of hot detonation products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The tube for spontaneous detonation (Institute of Technical Physics, Russian Federal ... used to study the initiation and development of detonation in propane-air mixtures under injection of hot detonation produc...

V. I. Tarzhanov; I. V. Telichko; V. G. Vil’danov…

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Simulation studies of steam-propane injection for the Hamaca heavy oil field.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Simulation studies were performed to evaluate a novel technology, steam-propane injection, for the heavy Hamaca crude oil. The oil has a gravity of 9.3?API and… (more)

Venturini, Gilberto Jose

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Emissions from In-Use NG, Propane, and Diesel Fueled Heavy Duty Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Emissions tests of in-use heavy-duty vehicles showed that, natural gas- and propane-fueled vehicles have high emissions of NH3 and CO, compared to diesel vehicles, while meeting certification requirements

382

Further experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of Morichal oil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In 1998-1999, experimental research was conducted by Goite at Texas A&M University into steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela. Goite's… (more)

Ferguson,Mark Anthony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Detection of Propane by IR-ATR in a Teflon®-Clad Fluoride Glass Optical Fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The detection of propane with the use of ATR spectroscopy at 3.3 ?m, as the gas diffuses through the Teflon® cladding of a fluoride optical fiber, is reported. A...

Ruddy, V; McCabe, S

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Metal oxide catalysts for the low temperature selective oxidation of propane to iso-propanol.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A range of Ga203/Mo03 and C03O4 catalysts have been prepared and tested for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane to propene. The Ga2(VMo03 physical mixture demonstrated… (more)

Davies, Thomas Edward.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- W 73.5 See footnotes at end of table. A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present Energy Information Administration ...

386

The Effect of Propane on Atomic Spectrometric Signals in the Direct-Current Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The addition of small amounts of propane to the direct-current plasma (DCP) affects the emission signal of analyte species in the plasma. In the normal analytical region of the...

McCreary, Terry W; Long, Gary L

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

ROLE OF CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS IN PROPANE OXIDATION OVER MIXED METAL OXIDES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Recently discovered multi-component Mo-V-Te-Nb-O catalysts contain so-called “M1” and “M2” phases with orthorhombic and hexagonal structures, respectively, proposed to be active and selective in propane… (more)

BHANDARI, RISHABH

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Treatment of Nuclear Waste Solutions Using a New Class of Extractants: Pentaalkyl Propane Diamides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new class of bifunctional extractants pentaalkyl propane diamides is studied in order to extract trivalent cations (Am3+, Cm3+…) and other actinides contained in waste solutions of nuclear industry. These solve...

C. Cuillerdier; C. Musikas; P. Hoel

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Crossover SAFT Equation of State and Thermodynamic Properties of Propan-1-ol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work we have developed a new equation of state (EOS) for propan-1-ol on the basis of the crossover modification (CR) of the statistical-associating-fluid-theory (SAFT) EOS recently developed and applied t...

S. B. Kiselev; J. F. Ely; I. M. Abdulagatov…

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of an intermediate crude oil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the past few years, research has been conducted at Texas A&M University on steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela,… (more)

Tinss, Judicael Christopher

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Etude cin\\'etique de CVD de pyrocarbone obtenu par pyrolyse de propane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High temeperature (900-1000\\degree C) low pressure (propane yields a pyrocarbon deposit, but also mainly hydrogen and hydrocarbons from methane to polyaromatics. 30 reaction products were exeperimentally quantified at different operating conditions. A detailed kinetic pyrolysis model (600 reactions) has been developed and validated based on the totality of experiments. This model includes a homogeneous model (describing the gas phase pyrolysis of propane) coupled with a heterogeneous model describing the pyrocarbon deposit.

Ziegler-Devin, Isabelle; Marquaire, Paul-Marie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Nitrous Oxide as a Scavenger for Electrons in the Radiolysis of Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... (~400 ml.) using a cobalt-60 ¡-ray source. The dose-rate in propane was 5 ´ 1014 eV ml,?1 min?1 (nitrous oxide dosimeter: assuming ... eV2 and using an experimentally determined value of 1.42 for the stopping power of propane relative to N2O). Total doses were 1016?1017 eV ml.?1. The results ...

G. R. A. JOHNSON; J. M. WARMAN

1964-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

393

Evaluation of an eastern shale oil residue as an asphalt additive  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An evaluation of eastern shale oil (ESO) residue as an asphalt additive to reduce oxidative age-hardening and moisture susceptibility was conducted. The ESO residue, having a viscosity of 23.9 Pa{sm_bullet}s at 60{degrees}C (140{degrees}F), was blended with three different petroleum-derived asphalts, AAD-1, AAK-1, and AAM-1, that are known to be very susceptible to oxidative aging. Rheological and infrared analyses of the unaged and aged asphalts and the blends were then conducted to evaluate oxidative age-hardening. In addition, the petroleum-derived asphalts and the blends were coated onto three different aggregates, Lithonia granite (RA), a low-absorption limestone (RD), and a silicious Gulf Coast gravel (RL), and compacted into briquets. Successive freeze-thaw cycling was then conducted to evaluate the moisture susceptibility of the prepared briquets. The abbreviations used above for the asphalts and the aggregates are part of the Strategic Highway Research Program nomenclature.

Thomas, K.P.; Harnsberger, P.M.

1995-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

394

Resource Management in an Active Measurement Ethan Blanton, Sonia Fahmy, Sujata Banerjee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Resource Management in an Active Measurement Service Ethan Blanton, Sonia Fahmy, Sujata Banerjee multiple applications can significantly reduce measurement overhead, and remove the burden of per- forming network measurements from individual applications. To be effectively shared, a network measurement service

Fahmy, Sonia

395

Studying Black Holes in the Internet with Hubble Ethan Katz-Bassett  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a top priority in the original design of the Internet protocols, ahead of high perfor- mance or goodStudying Black Holes in the Internet with Hubble Ethan Katz-Bassett Harsha V. Madhyastha John P that operates contin- uously to find Internet reachability problems in which routes exist to a destination

Anderson, Richard

396

Absorption Equilibrium and Kinetics for Ethylene-Ethane Separation with a Novel Solvent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mixture of ethylene/ethane, distillation towers with an enormous number of trays are operated at high loops are often used with ethylene or propylene as the working fluid. Even with the high level of heat.2% of the total yearly energy requirement of all distillation processes.2 Despite the high capital and energy

Eldridge, R. Bruce

397

A study of the mixing viscosity of asphalt in hot-mix production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the stability value obtained by the 4 Marshall test is strongly influenced by the viscous resistance of the binder. The flow value is largely influenced by asphalt content and the lubrication furnished by an excess of binder reduces the aggregate friction... + wet sample, gm. % Kerosene retained (CKE) Fine Material 407 407 307 307 412. 07 412. 2 5. 07 5. 2 5. 14 Sp. Gr. of -No. 4. . . . . 2. 76 of + No. 4 2. 78 K = 168 K = 130 K = 1. 60 Bitumen Ratiofor liquid asphalt (SC-2, MC-2, RC-2) 5. 25% (Agg...

Khan, Md. Musharraf Hossain

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

State Heating Oil & Propane Program. Final report 1997/98 heating season  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1997/98 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program is funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. SHOPP was initiated in response to congressional inquires into supply difficulties and price spikes of heating oil and propane associated with the winter of 1989/90. This is important to New Hampshire because heating oil controls over 55% of the residential heating market statewide. Propane controls 10% of the heating market statewide and is widely used for water heating and cooking in areas of the state where natural gas is not available. Lower installation cost, convenience, lower operating costs compared to electricity, and its perception as a clean heating fuel have all worked to increase the popularity of propane in New Hampshire and should continue to do so in the future. Any disruption in supply of these heating fuels to New Hampshire could cause prices to skyrocket and leave many residents in the cold.

Hunton, G.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

No. 2 heating oil/propane program 1994--1995. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the 1994--95 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October 1994 through March 1995. This program augmented the existing Massachusetts data collection system and served several important functions. The information helped the federal and state governments respond to consumer, congressional and media inquiries regarding No. 2 oil and propane. The information also provided policy decision-makers with timely, accurate and consistent data to monitor current heating oil and propane markets and develop appropriate state responses when necessary. In addition, the communication network between states and the DOE was strengthened through this program. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events that had an impact on the petroleum markets prior to and during the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1994--95 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by EIA and distributed to the states. Finally, the report outlines DOER`s use of the data.

McBrien, J.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

A study of the effects of limestone rock asphalt screenings on the structural properties of hot-mix asphaltic concrete made with siliceous materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1958 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF LIMESTONE ROCK ASPHALT SCREENINGS... to Bob M. Gallaway, Associate Pro- fessor of Civil Engineering, without whose guidance and inspiration this work would not have been possible; to Charles J. Keese, Asso- ciate Professor of Civil Engineering, for valued advice and criticism; to Dr. E...

Albritton, Oscar Willard

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

An Analysis of U.S. Propane Markets Winter 1996-97  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

OOG/97-01 OOG/97-01 Distribution Category UC-950 An Analysis of U.S. Propane Markets Winter 1996-97 June 1997 Energy Information Administration Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization. Contacts and Acknowledgments This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) under the direction of Dr. John Cook, Director, Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, (202) 586-5214, jcook@eia.doe.gov. Questions for this report can be directed to: Propane Supply and Demand David Hinton (202) 586-2990, dhinton@eia.doe.gov Propane Markets

402

Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations (Brochure), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and standards typically used for U.S. propane vehicle and infrastructure projects. To determine which codes and standards apply to a specific project, identify the codes and standards currently in effect within the jurisdiction where the project will be located. Some jurisdictions also have unique ordinances or regulations that could apply. Learn about codes and standards basics at www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/codes_standards_basics.html. Find propane vehicle and infrastructure codes and standards in these categories:

403

An Experimental Study into the Ignition of Methane and Ethane Blends in a New Shock-tube Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY INTO THE IGNITION OF METHANE AND ETHANE BLENDS IN A NEW SHOCK-TUBE FACILITY A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER JOSEPH ERIK AUL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2009 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY INTO THE IGNITION OF METHANE AND ETHANE BLENDS IN A NEW SHOCK-TUBE FACILITY A Thesis...

Aul, Christopher Joseph Erik

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

404

The interaction second virial coefficient for the ethane-carbon dioxide system between 250 and 300 K  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE INTERACTION SECOND VIRIAL COEFFICIENT FOR THE ETHANE-CARBON DIOXIDE SYSTEM BETWEEN 250 AND 300 K A Thesis by JOSEPH GLENN YOUNG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1978 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering THE INTERACTION SECOND VIRIAL COEFFICIENT FOR THE ETHANE-CARBON DIOXIDE SYSTEM BETWEEN 250 AND 300 K A Thesis by JOSEPH GLENN YOUNG Approved as to style and content by...

Young, Joseph Glenn

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The effect of air blowing on the properties of rubber-modified asphalt binder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production and use. Air blowing, accompanied by high shear mixing at elevated temperatures, was used to produce many asphalt-rubber blends in an attempt to discover a binder which resists phase separation. These air-blown, rubber-modified binders were...

Bauer, Shauna Erin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

406

Project Information Form Project Title Evaluation of the Combined Effect of Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(s) and Amounts Provided (by each agency or organization) Caltrans $90,315 Total Project Cost $90,315 Agency IDProject Information Form Project Title Evaluation of the Combined Effect of Recycled Asphalt of Research Project As virgin material sources become increasingly scarce, and the volume of pavement material

California at Davis, University of

407

Project Information Form Project Title Evaluation of the Combined Effect of Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(s) and Amounts Provided (by each agency or organization) Caltrans $90,538 Total Project Cost $90,538 Agency IDProject Information Form Project Title Evaluation of the Combined Effect of Recycled Asphalt of Research Project As virgin material sources become increasingly scarce, and the volume of pavement material

California at Davis, University of

408

Analytical-Numerical Methodology to Measure Undamaged, Fracture and Healing Properties of Asphalt Mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................ 4? Figure 2.Change in stiffness profile with pavement age .................................................. 20? Figure 3.The OT setup ..................................................................................................... 24? Figure..., the characterization of viscoelastic properties of field-aged asphalt mixtures is more challenging for pavement engineers because there are numerous issues that make it very difficult to tackle. Among these issues are the various loading scenarios, the different...

Koohi, Yasser 1980-

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

409

Asphalt Volcanism and Chemosynthetic Life in the Campeche Knolls, Gulf of Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sciences Department, Texas A & M University-Corpus Christi, 6300 Ocean Drive, Corpus Christi, TX 78412, USA. imacdonald@falcon.tamucc...Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. | 0 Gases 0 Hydrocarbons 0 Petroleum 8052-42-4 asphalt...

I. R. MacDonald; G. Bohrmann; E. Escobar; F. Abegg; P. Blanchon; V. Blinova; W. Brückmann; M. Drews; A. Eisenhauer; X. Han; K. Heeschen; F. Meier; C. Mortera; T. Naehr; B. Orcutt; B. Bernard; J. Brooks; M. de Faragó

2004-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

410

Knoxville Area Transit: Propane Hybrid ElectricTrolleys; Advanced Technology Vehicles in Service, Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (Fact Sheet)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

website and in print publications. website and in print publications. TESTING ADVANCED VEHICLES KNOXVILLE AREA TRANSIT â—† PROPANE HYBRID ELECTRIC TROLLEYS Knoxville Area Transit PROPANE HYBRID ELECTRIC TROLLEYS NREL/PIX 13795 KNOXVILLE AREA TRANSIT (KAT) is recognized nationally for its exceptional service to the City of Knoxville, Tennessee. KAT received the American Public Transportation Associa- tion's prestigious Outstanding Achievement Award in 2004.

411

The determination of compressibility factors of gaseous propane-nitrogen mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBRARY A A N O'iLLEOE OF 1EXAS THE DETERMINATION OF COMPRESSIBILITY FACTORS OF GASEOUS PROPANE-NITROGEIN MIXTURES A Thesis Cecil Herman Dickson Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of' Texas in partial... f'ulf'illment of the requirements for the de~ree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Ma]or GubjectI Chemistry May I&55 THE DETERMINATION OF COMPRESSIBILITY FACTORS OF GASEOUS PROPANE-NITROGEN MIXTURES A Thesis Cecil Herman Dickson Approved as to style...

Dickson, Cecil Herman

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

412

The determination of compressibility factors of gaseous propane-nitrogen mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of thc Beg;voc cf kBSTBACT The propane-nitrogen system has been investigated in the gaseous phase at a temperature of 300 F. and at pressures up to 4/0 atmospheres. Compressibility curves for three mixtures of this system have been determined. A... the pressure corresponding to the "n " expansion ? th? the partial pressure of nitrogen the partial pressure oi' propane the total pressure of a gaseous system the universal gas constant (0. 08206 liter-atmosphere/ gram mole - oK) the absolute...

Hodges, Don

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

413

Optimization of the Decoking Procedure of an Ethane Cracker with a Steam/Air Mixture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the basis of the results of this study, the air and steam flow to the reactor tubes during the decoking procedure are adapted to propose an optimized decoking procedure that allows reducing the required decoking time of an industrial ethane cracking furnace by a factor of 3. In the new decoking conditions for the ethane cracker, the air flow rate is raised by a factor of 3, while the steam dilution is lowered by a factor of 4.5. ... Heterogeneities, e.g., cracked coke due to the difference in the thermal expansion coefficient of the coke and reactor tube material, and their influence on the decoking kinetics, e.g., fast ignition resulting in local hot spots, are not taken into account in the simulations. ... Based on our results, this paper aims to provide a closer insight into the coking problem in industrial steam crackers. ...

G. J. Heynderickx; E. M. Schools; G. B. Marin

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

414

AIRBORNE, OPTICAL REMOTE SENSNG OF METHANE AND ETHANE FOR NATURAL GAS PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ophir Corporation was awarded a contract by the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory under the Project Title ''Airborne, Optical Remote Sensing of Methane and Ethane for Natural Gas Pipeline Leak Detection'' on October 14, 2002. The scope of the work involved designing and developing an airborne, optical remote sensor capable of sensing methane and, if possible, ethane for the detection of natural gas pipeline leaks. Flight testing using a custom dual wavelength, high power fiber amplifier was initiated in February 2005. Ophir successfully demonstrated the airborne system, showing that it was capable of discerning small amounts of methane from a simulated pipeline leak. Leak rates as low as 150 standard cubic feet per hour (scf/h) were detected by the airborne sensor.

Jerry Myers

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Modification of Resin-Type Adsorbents for Ethane/Ethylene Separation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modification of Resin-Type Adsorbents for Ethane/Ethylene Separation ... On Ag+-exchanged Amberlyst 35 (36.5% exchange) at 25 °C and 1 atm, the equilibrium adsorbed amount for C2H4 is 1.48 mmol/g, and the equilibrium adsorption ratio for C2H4/C2H6 is 6.4. ... The complexation agents can be classified into three forms:? solution, solid adsorbent, and membrane. ...

Zhongbiao Wu; Sang-Sup Han; Soon-Haeng Cho; Jong-Nam Kim; Kuck-Tack Chue; Ralph T. Yang

1997-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

416

Studies of mechanisms and kinetics of methane and ethane steam reforming on nickel catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methane and ethane adsorption/desorption and reaction on steam-reforming catalysts, Ni(INCO), Ni/ZrO{sub 2}, and Ni/CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}, were studied by temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), temperature-programmed surface reaction (TPSR), and thermogravimetric (TGA) techniques. The data show that only a fraction of the methane adsorbed (determined by TPSR with H{sub 2}) on nickel catalysts is desorbed during TPD experiments. The results of TPD indicate supports and promoters affect the adsorption of methane and ethane, and transformation of adsorbed carbon species. Several carbon types formed during methane and ethane adsorptions including {alpha}, {beta}, {gamma}, vermicular (v), and graphitic (c) carbon can be identified by TPSR. These data indicate that the distribution of these carbon forms is also strongly a function of adsorption temperature and catalyst. The results show that there are significant quantities of CH{sub 4}, CO, and CO{sub 2} desorbed during TPSR reaction of H{sub 2}O with preadsorbed CH{sub 4}, CD{sub 4} and C{sub 2}H{sub 6}. The agreement between previously reported steady-state and the unsteady-state steam reforming reforming rates of this study indicates that the steam-reforming kinetic data can be quantitatively measured by TPSR experiments.

Hsieh, H.Y.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Kinetic simulation of heterogeneous catalytic processes: Ethane hydrogenolysis over supported group VIII metals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A kinetic model for ethane hydrogenolysis over Pt, Pd, Ir, and Co was formulated in terms of essentially two chemical parameters: the strength of bonding between atomic hydrogen and the metal surface and the strength of carbon-metal bonding between hydrocarbon fragments and the surface. These two surface bond strengths were estimated by calorimetric measurements of the heats of H{sub 2} and CO adsorption, combined with bond order conservation calculations. The results of the kinetic simulations suggest that ethane hydrogenolysis over Pt, Pd, Ir and Co takes place through irreversible C-C rupture of C{sub 2}H{sub 4} and C{sub 2}H{sub 3} surface species. Hydrogenation of monocarbon CH{sub y} fragments is kinetically insignificant. Dissociative adsorption of hydrogen is an equilibrated process, while dissociative adsorption of ethane is slow and reversible. Finally, the role of kinetic modeling in the formulation, interpretation, and generalization of experimental research in heterogeneous catalysis is discussed.

Goddard, S.A.; Amiridis, M.D.; Rekoske, J.E.; Cardona-Martinez, N.; Dumesic, J.A. (Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (USA))

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Inhibition of the R3327MAT-Lu Prostatic Tumor by Diethylstilbestrol and 1,2-Bis(3,5-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2-Bis(3,5-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)propane 1 1 This investigation was supported by...2-bis(3,5-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)propane. Inhibition of the R3327MAT-Lu prostatic...2-bis(3,5-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)propane. | We have previously described the inhibitory...

David W. Lazan; Warren D. W. Heston; Dov Kadmon; William R. Fair

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

A study of sand-asphalt mixtures: a constitutive model based on a thermomechanical framework and experimental corroboration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asphalt bound mixtures have been put to diverse uses. The complicated nature of the material and the demanding conditions under which it is used preclude complete solutions to questions on load bearing capability under field conditions...

Ravindran, Parag

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

420

A Model for the Nonlinear Mechanical Behavior of Asphalt Binders and its Application in Prediction of Rutting Susceptibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mechanical behavior of asphalt binders is nonlinear. The binders exhibit shear thinning/thickening behavior in steady shear tests and non-proportational behavior in other standard viscoelastic tests such as creep-recovery or stress relaxation...

Srinivasa Parthasarathy, Atul

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Rheological changes in the bitumen caused by heating and interaction with rubber during asphalt–rubber production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The demand for more safe and durable roads, combined with the need to preserve the environment, led to the production and application of asphalt–rubber (AR) on roads. Nevertheless, this ... among the phenomena th...

Joana Peralta; Loic Hilliou; Hugo M. R. D. Silva; Ana V. Machado…

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Application of Direct Tension Testing to Laboratory Samples to Investigate the Effects of Hot Mix Asphalt Aging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While the oxidation of binders in hot mix asphalt (HMA) pavements and its subsequent detrimental effects on pavement life have been well recognized in the last few years, many important issues have not yet been investigated. Understanding how best...

Padigala, Meghana 1989-

2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

423

Fatigue resistance of hot-mix asphalt concrete (HMAC) mixtures using the calibrated mechanistic with surface energy (CMSE) measurements approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fatigue cracking is one of the fundamental distresses that occur in the life of a Hot Mix Asphalt Concrete (HMAC) pavement. This load induced distress leads to structural collapse of the entire pavement ultimately and can only be remedied...

Ofori-Abebresse, Edward Kwame

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

424

Modeling Hot Mix Asphalt Compaction Using a Thermodynamics Based Compressible Viscoelastic Model within the Framework of Multiple Natural Configurations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

asphalt (HMA) using the notion of multiple natural configurations. A thermodynamic framework is employed to study the non-linear dissipative response associated with HMA by specifying the forms for the stored energy and the rate of dissipation function...

Koneru, Saradhi

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

425

State heating oil and propane program: 1995-96 heating season. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1995/96 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. EIA provides ECS with a list of oil and propane retailers that serve customers in New Hampshire. In turn ECS conduct phone surveys twice per month from October through March to determine the average retail price for each fuel. Data collected by ECS is entered into the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) and transmitted via modem to EIA. The results of the state retail price surveys along with wholesale prices, supply, production and stock levels for oil, and propane are published by EIA in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report. Data is also published electronically via the internet or through the Electronic Publication System.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

426

Syngas Production from Propane using Atmospheric Non-Thermal Plasma F. Ouni, A. Khacef*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Syngas Production from Propane using Atmospheric Non-Thermal Plasma F. Ouni, A. Khacef* and J. M and low temperature (420 K). Non-thermal plasma steam reforming proceeded efficiently and hydrogen by increasing the gas fraction through the discharge. By improving the reactor design, the non-thermal plasma

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

Experimental Study of Propane-Fueled Pulsed Detonation Rocket Frank K. Lu,* Jason M. Meyers,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Experimental Study of Propane-Fueled Pulsed Detonation Rocket Frank K. Lu,* Jason M. Meyers detonations into aero-propulsive devices is the transition of deflagration and weak deto- nation into CJ detonation. The longer this transition, the longer the physical length of the engine must be to facilitate

Texas at Arlington, University of

428

State of Missouri 1991--1992 Energy Information Administration State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the Missouri State Heating Oil and Propane Program was to develop a joint state-level company-specific data collective effort. The State of Missouri provided to the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration company specific price and volume information on residential No. 2 heating oil and propane on a semimonthly basis. The energy companies participating under the program were selected at random by the US Department of Energy and provided to the Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Division of Energy prior to the implementation of the program. The specific data collection responsibilities for the Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Division of Energy included: (1) Collection of semimonthly residential heating oil and propane prices, collected on the first and third Monday from August 1991 through August 1992; and, (2) Collection of annual sales volume data for residential propane for the period September 1, 1990 through August 31. 1991. This data was required for the first report only. These data were provided on a company identifiable level to the extent permitted by State law. Information was transmitted to the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration through the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO).

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Partial oxidation of propane on ceria-and alumina-supported platinum catalysts.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Three Pt/CeO2 catalysts and Pt/Al2O3 catalyst were studied for partial oxidation of propane. The 1 % Pt/CeO2 (C) catalyst which was prepared using CeO2 prepared… (more)

Bansode, Vijaya Anil.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Aromatization of propane: Techno-economic analysis by multiscale “kinetics-to-process” simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper addresses the techno-economic analysis of the propane aromatization process, by adopting a novel kinetics-to-process approach. The recent interest in this technological route derives from the development of new third generation biorefinery concepts, in which, algal oil is subjected to catalytic hydrodeoxygenation processes for the production of (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) HRJ fuels. Beside biofuels, co-production of large amounts of propane is observed, which can be upgraded by a catalytic conversion to aromatics on zeolites. Kinetic studies of propane aromatization over H-ZSM-5 zeolite in a wide range of conversions are reported in the literature. Based on these results, a general kinetic model of propane aromatization has been developed. The revised kinetic scheme is then embedded in a process simulation, performed with the commercial code SimSci PRO/II by Schneider Electric. Basing on the process simulation and on available price assessments, a techno-economic analysis has been performed to show limits as well as potentialities of the proposed layout.

Michele Corbetta; Flavio Manenti; Carlo Pirola; Mark V. Tsodikov; Andrey V. Chistyakov

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Metallurgical failure analysis of a propane tank boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A severe fire and explosion occurred at a propane storage yard in Truth or Consequences, N.M., when a truck ran into the pumping and plumbing system beneath a large propane tank. The storage tank emptied when the liquid-phase excess flow valve tore out of the tank. The ensuing fire engulfed several propane delivery trucks, causing one of them to explode. A series of elevated-temperature stress-rupture tears developed along the top of a 9800 L (2600 gal) truck-mounted tank as it was heated by the fire. Unstable fracture then occurred suddenly along the length of the tank and around both end caps, along the girth welds connecting the end caps to the center portion of the tank. The remaining contents of the tank were suddenly released, aerosolized, and combusted, creating a powerful boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE). Based on metallography of the tank pieces, the approximate tank temperature at the onset of the BLEVE was determined. Metallurgical analysis of the ruptured tank also permitted several hypotheses regarding BLEVE mechanisms to be evaluated. Suggestions are made for additional work that could provide improved predictive capabilities regarding BLEVEs and for methods to decrease the susceptibility of propane tanks to BLEVEs.

Kilgo, Alice C.; Eckelmeyer, Kenneth Hall; Susan, Donald Francis

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Investigation of Rheological and Nano-Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

separation scheme in the order of their increasing molecular polarity are saturates, naphthene aromatics, polar aromatics, and asphaltenes. The saturates fraction is generally a light straw-colored oil, primarily hydrocarbon in 10 nature, with little... by the saturates and naphthene aromatics fractions, which plasticize the polar aromatics and asphaltenes fractions; the polar aromatics fraction imparts ductility to the asphalts; and the saturates and naphthene aromatics in combination with the asphaltenes...

Kabir, Pooyan

2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

433

The effect of asphalt deposition on permeability in miscible flooding with liquified petroleum gas (LPG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. llment of the requirements for the degree of NASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1962 Najor Subject: Petroleum Engineering THE EFFECT OF ASPHALT DEPOSITION ON PERMEABILITY IN MISCIBLE FLOODING WITH LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS (LPG) A Thesis ARTHUR E. PINSON, JR.... ween one-third and two-thirds of that -'nitially present. Because of the relatively low recovery efficiencies of these natural oil expulsion mechanisms, , the petroleum production industry has continually sought methods which would provide improved...

Pinson, Arthur Edward, Jr

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

The Effects of Using Alkali-Silica Reaction Affected Recycled Concrete Aggregate in Hot Mix Asphalt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-RCA in an HMA pavement were identified. Results obtained using accelerated laboratory conditions were extrapolated based on anticipated field conditions. Guidelines for the mitigation of potential distresses in HMA made with ASR-RCA are presented. v... through the Airfield Asphalt Pavement Technology Program. Finally, thanks to my mother and father for their encouragement and to my fianc?e for her patience and love. vii NOMENCLATURE AFB - Air Force Base AASHTO - American Association of State...

Geiger, Brian James

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

435

Automated Protocol for the Analysis of Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer Date from Fine Aggregate Asphalt Mixes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUTOMATED PROTOCOL FOR ANALYSIS OF DYNAMIC MECHANICAL ANALYZER DATA FROM FINE AGGREGATE ASPHALT MIXES A Thesis by PEDRO CAVALCANTI DE SOUSA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... by PEDRO CAVALCANTI DE SOUSA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Dallas N. Little Eyad Masad...

Cavalcanti De Sousa, Pedro

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

436

Experimentelle Untersuchung über die Koeffizienten der inneren Reibung von Stickoxyd und Propan und deren Mischungen mit Wasserstoff  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Es wird also die innere Reibung von Stickoxyd nachgeprüft, die Messung von Propan neu ausgeführt. Ferner wird die innere Reibung von Mischungen NO-H2 und C3H8-H2 gemessen und gezeigt, inwieweit Übereinstimmung mi...

Alfons Klemenc; Walter Remi

1923-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Influence of Ceria and Nickel Addition to Alumina-Supported Rhodium Catalyst for Propane Steam Reforming at Low Temperatures.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This work aims to develop a fundamental understanding of the catalyst composition-structure-activity relationships for propane steam reforming over supported Rh catalysts. The work investigates the… (more)

Li, Yan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Thermophysical property predictions of propane, propylene and their mixtures by Benedict-Webb-Rubin type equations of state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTY PREDICTIONS OF PROPANE, PROPYLENE AND THEIR MIXTURES BY BENEDICT-WEBB-RUBIN TYPE EQUATIONS OF STATE A Thesis by PRAMOD KUMAR BENGANI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A & M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTY PREDICTIONS OF PROPANE, PROPYLENE AND THEIR MIXTURES BY BENEDICT-WEBB-RUBIN TYPE EQUATIONS OF STATE A Thesis...

Bengani, Pramod Kumar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

439

Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Chart (Revised) (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Many standards development organizations (SDOs) are working to develop codes and standards needed for the utilization of alternative fuel Many standards development organizations (SDOs) are working to develop codes and standards needed for the utilization of alternative fuel vehicle technologies. This chart shows the SDOs responsible for leading the support and development of key codes and standards for propane. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Chart Vehicle Systems Safety: Vehicle Tanks and Piping: Vehicle Components: Vehicle Dispensing Systems: Vehicle Dispensing System Components: Storage Systems: Storage Containers and Piping: Storage Container Pressure Relief Devices and Venting: Production Storage Systems: Production Process Safety: Pipelines: Building and Fire Code Requirements: Organization Name Standards Development Areas AGA American Gas Association Materials testing standards

440

Towards a kinetic understanding of the ignition of air-propane mixture by a non-equilibrium discharge: the decomposition mechanisms of propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decomposition of propane in non-thermal plasmas of N2/C3H8 and N2/O2/C3H8 mixtures (oxygen percentage up to 20%) at low temperature is studied in a photo-triggered discharge. Quenching of nitrogen metastable states dissociate C3H8 to produce propene and hydrogen. Oxidation reactions are growing in importance when the O2 concentration increases, but the dissociation quenching reactions still occurs for the air-based mixture. Even for a low concentration of oxygen, OH is an important specie involved in the conversion of the hydrocarbon. A kinetic analysis emphasises that OH comes in great part from the production of H, in which the methyl radical plays a role, strengthening the role of the dissociation processes of propane and propene in the medium reactivity. Results of PLIF measurements performed on OH during the diffuse afterglow of a nanosecond corona discharge correlate with results obtained on the photo-triggered discharge.

Stéphane Pasquiers; Sabrina Bentaleb; Pascal Jeanney; Nicole Blin-Simiand; Pierre Tardiveau; Lionel Magne; Katell Gadonna; Nicolas Moreau; François Jorand

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Fraction of stopped K- mesons which interact with free hydrogen in propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a sample of film containing 13 400 stopped K- mesons in a liquid-propane bubble chamber, 98 examples of the reaction K-p??- ?+ were found. Using the known branching ratio for this channel, we find the fraction of K- which interact at rest with free protons to be (3.2 ± 0.4)%. The result is compared with measurements of the same fraction for ?- mesons and anti-protons.

C. T. Murphy; G. Keyes; M. Saha; M. Tanaka

1974-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Propane dehydrogenation over Al2O3 supported Pt nanoparticles: Effect of cerium addition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The catalyst of Pt nanoparticles loaded on Al2O3 support has been prepared by a facile liquid phase synthesis–ultrasonic vibration method. With propane dehydrogenation as a probe reaction, the influence of promoter cerium (Ce) on the catalyst was investigated by means of transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption–desorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy of CO adsorption, H2-temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR), and catalytic properties for propane dehydrogenation. The results revealed that the Pt nanograins with diameter of 1.6–4.8 nm were evenly dispersed on the Ce-containing Al2O3 support. The introduction of a small amount Ce into Pt/Al2O3 results in a bimetallic surface interaction, enhancing the surface reducibility and dispersity of Pt nanoparticles. The study of propane dehydrogenation performance shows that Ce-containing Pt catalyst is more active and less coke deposition than Ce-free Pt/Al2O3 counterpart. This study can provide an insight into the design and development of new Pt-based catalyst, especially for the improvement of catalytic activity and stability towards alkane dehydrogenation.

Zhanhua Ma; Jun Wang; Jun Li; Ningning Wang; Changhua An; Lanyi Sun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Energetic proton generation from intense Coulomb explosion of large-size ethane clusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental investigation is performed on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses at the intensity of 6?×?1017?W/cm2 (55 fs 160?mJ at 800?nm) with ethane cluster (C2H6) N jets prepared under the backing pressure of 30 bars at room temperature (298?K). The experiment results indicate the generation of energetic protons whose average and maximum kinetic energies are 12.2 and 138.1?keV respectively by Coulomb explosion of (C2H6) N clusters. (C2H6) N clusters of 5?nm in radius are generated in the experiment which are 1.7 times larger than that of (CH4) N clusters prepared in the same conditions. Empirical estimation suggests that (C2H6) N clusters with radius of about 9.6?nm can be prepared at 80-bars backing pressure at 308?K. While (C2H6) N clusters of so large size are irradiated by sufficiently intense laser pulses the average energy of protons will be increased up to 50?keV. It is inferred that such large-size deuterated ethane clusters (C2D6) N will favor more efficient neutron generation due to the significant increase of the D-D nuclear reaction cross section in laser-driven cluster nuclear fusion.

Song Li; Zili Zhou; Ye Tian; Haiyang Lu; Wentao Wang; Jingjing Ju; Hongyu Li; Yi Xu; Yuxin Leng; Guoquan Ni; Cheng Wang; Jiansheng Liu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Development of asphalts and pavements using recycled tire rubber. Phase 1, Technical feasibility. Technical progress report, September 1, 1994--August 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

About 285 million tires are discarded every year; less than 100 million are currently being recycled, with the rest being placed in landfills and other waste sites. A solution to reduce the littering of the environment is to use ground tire rubber in road construction. Currently, about 27 million tons of asphalt are used each year in road construction and maintenance of the country`s 2 million miles of roads. If all of the waste tire rubber could be combined with asphalt in road construction, it would displace less than 6% of the total asphalt used each year, yet could save about 60 trillion Btus annually. Purpose of this project is to provide data needed to optimize the performance of rubber-asphalt concretes. The first phase is to develop asphalts and recycling agents tailored for compatibility with ground tire rubber. Chapter 2 presents results on Laboratory Testing and Evaluation: fractionate asphalt material, reblending for aromatic asphalts, verifying optimal curing parameters, aging of blends, and measuring ductilities of asphalt-rubber binders. Chapter 3 focuses on Evaluating Mixture Characteristics (modified binders). Chapter 4 covers Adhesion Test Development (water susceptibility is also covered). The final chapter focuses on the Performance/Economic Update and Commercialization Plan.

Bullin, J.A.; Davison, R.R.; Glover, C.J. [and others

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Asian and north American pollution plumes during INTEX-B: identification of specific Chinese air mass tracers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1,2-DCE), ethane, ethyne, propane, butanes, i-pentane, andDCE Ethane Ethene Ethyne Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-PentaneDCE Ethane Ethene Ethyne Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

NATURAL GAS VARIABILITY IN CALIFORNIA: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND DEVICE PERFORMANCE EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF POLLUTANT EMISSIONS FROM RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roughly 5.8% ethane, 3.0% propane, and 1.1% butanes  with a were 12% ethane, 1.6% propane, and  86.4% methane (1420 hydrocarbons (such as ethane, propane, and butanes).    The 

Singer, Brett C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Ag(I) Ion Functionalized Porous Organic Polymers As a New Platform for Highly Selective Adsorption of Ethylene over Ethane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report herein a strategy of incorporating air stable Ag(I) ions into water stable, high surface area porous organic polymer (POP) affording significant increase in ethylene uptake capacity and extremely high Qst for ethylene (over 100 kJ/mol at low ethylene load-ing) as illustrated in the context of Ag(I) ion functionalized PAF-1, PAF-1-SO3Ag. IAST calculations using single-component-isotherm data and equimolar ethylene/ethane ratio at 296 K reveal PAF-1-SO3Ag shows exceptionally high ethylene/ethane adsorption selectivi-ty (Sads: 27 to 125), far surpassing benchmark zeolite and any other MOF reported in literature. This alongside excellent water/air stability, high ethylene uptake capacity, and mild regeneration requirements make PAF-1-SO3Ag hold promise for adsorption-based eth-ylene/ethane separations, paving a way to develop Ag(I) ion function-alized POPs as a new platform for highly selective adsorption of eth-ylene over ethane.

LI, Baiyan [University of South Florida, Tampa; Zhang, Yiming [University of South Florida, Tampa; Ma, Dingxuan [State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University; Wu, Zili [ORNL; Ma, Shengqian [University of South Florida, Tampa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Ethan Frome  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Energy Information Administration Office of Oil, Gas and Coal Supply Statistics Washington, DC 20585 OMB Number: 1905-0057 Expiration Date: 7/31/2016 Version No.: 2013.01 ANNUAL SURVEY OF DOMESTIC OIL AND GAS RESERVES FORM EIA-23L Field Level Survey Instructions SURVEY YEAR 2012 Table of Contents Page General Instructions ......................................................................................... 2 A. Purpose .................................................................................................................. 2 B. Who Must Submit Form EIA-23L ........................................................................... 2 C. What Must Be Submitted ....................................................................................... 2

449

An investigation of diesel–ignited propane dual fuel combustion in a heavy-duty diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a detailed experimental analysis of diesel–ignited propane dual fuel combustion on a 12.9-l, six-cylinder, production heavy-duty diesel engine. Gaseous propane was fumigated upstream of the turbocharger air inlet and ignited using direct injection of diesel sprays. Results are presented for brake mean effective pressures (BMEP) from 5 to 20 bar and different percent energy substituted (PES) by propane at a constant engine speed of 1500 rpm. The effect of propane PES on apparent heat release rates, combustion phasing and duration, fuel conversion and combustion efficiencies, and engine-out emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx), smoke, carbon monoxide (CO), and total unburned hydrocarbons (HC) were investigated. Exhaust particle number concentrations and size distributions were also quantified for diesel–ignited propane combustion. With stock engine parameters, the maximum propane PES was limited to 86%, 60%, 33%, and 25% at 5, 10, 15, and 20 bar BMEPs, respectively, either by high maximum pressure rise rates (MPRR) or by excessive HC and CO emissions. With increasing PES, while fuel conversion efficiencies increased slightly at high \\{BMEPs\\} or decreased at low BMEPs, combustion efficiencies uniformly decreased. Also, with increasing PES, \\{NOx\\} and smoke emissions were generally decreased but these reductions were accompanied by higher HC and CO emissions. Exhaust particle number concentrations decreased with increasing PES at low loads but showed the opposite trends at higher loads. At 10 bar BMEP, by adopting a different fueling strategy, the maximum possible propane PES was extended to 80%. Finally, a limited diesel injection timing study was performed to identify the optimal operating conditions for the best efficiency-emissions-MPRR tradeoffs.

Andrew C. Polk; Chad D. Carpenter; Kalyan Kumar Srinivasan; Sundar Rajan Krishnan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Experimental study of enhancement of injectivity and in-situ oil upgrading by steam-propane injection for the Hamaca heavy oil field.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Experiments were conducted to study the feasibility of using propane as a steam additive to accelerate oil production and improve steam injectivity in the Hamaca… (more)

Rivero Diaz, Jose Antonio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Traditional and Dissipated Energy approaches to compare the 2PB and 4PB flexural methodologies on a Warm Mix Asphalt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Two and four point bending tests are among the most common methodologies adopted for the fatigue characterization of asphalt mixes. Constraints and volumes of material are the main differences between these two testing procedures. This work presents the fatigue results from a warm asphalt mixture obtained with an innovative two point bending (2PB) apparatus and a traditional four point bending (4PB) one. The Dissipated Energy approach, based on the energy balance theory, as well as the traditional approach were chosen for the analysis. Finally, the influence of specimen volume on fatigue was assessed performing tests on specimens of different thicknesses.

Giulio Dondi; Matteo Pettinari; Cesare Sangiorgi; Salah E. Zoorob

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Mutual changes in bitumen and rubber related to the production of asphalt rubber binders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Asphalt rubber (AR) mixtures are currently a material with an increasing use in road pavements due to their improved performance and environmental benefit of recycling rubber from used tires. AR binders have been widely applied, but the bitumen and rubber interactions remain poorly understood. The aim of this work is to quantify and correlate the changes in bitumen and rubber during AR binders’ production, in order to characterize the interactions between the AR constituent materials, e.g. residual bitumen and recovered rubber. A good correlation between the rheological and physical changes in the properties of rubber, bitumen and AR binder was observed.

Joana Peralta; Hugo M.R.D. Silva; Loic Hilliou; Ana V. Machado; Jorge Pais; R. Christopher Williams

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The application of triaxial compression tests to the design of sand-asphalt paving mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' this fact, the f1ne yecxk was chosen as the aggregate to be used in all sand. -asphalt miztures tested 1n this pro/oct. It must be emphasise4. , that no sand sample, Lxas tested, mox ~ than ) " x i x . . y . * once during ths analpsis of the sands... shearing strength increases as the amount of mineral filler increases, thu ~ confirming the theory that the increase 1n surface area of the aggregate caused by the addition of dust must be taken ~ care of by an increase 1n the amount of bitumen used...

Ritter, Leo J

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

454

Infrared Spectra and Optical Constants of Astronomical Ices: II. Ethane and Ethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infrared spectroscopic observations have established the presence of hydrocarbon ices on Pluto and other TNOs, but the abundances of such molecules cannot be deduced without accurate optical constants (n, k) and reference spectra. In this paper we present our recent measurements of near- and mid-infrared optical constants for ethane (C$_2$H$_6$) and ethylene (C$_2$H$_4$) in multiple ice phases and at multiple temperatures. As in our recent work on acetylene (C$_2$H$_2$), we also report new measurements of the index of refraction of each ice at 670 nm. Comparisons are made to earlier work where possible, and electronic versions of our new results are made available.

Hudson, R L; Moore, M H

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Energetic proton generation from intense Coulomb explosion of large-size ethane clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental investigation is performed on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses at the intensity of 6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 17} W/cm{sup 2} (55 fs, 160 mJ at 800 nm) with ethane cluster (C{sub 2}H{sub 6}){sub N} jets prepared under the backing pressure of 30 bars at room temperature (298 K). The experiment results indicate the generation of energetic protons, whose average and maximum kinetic energies are 12.2 and 138.1 keV, respectively, by Coulomb explosion of (C{sub 2}H{sub 6}){sub N} clusters. (C{sub 2}H{sub 6}){sub N} clusters of 5 nm in radius are generated in the experiment, which are 1.7 times larger than that of (CH{sub 4}){sub N} clusters prepared in the same conditions. Empirical estimation suggests that (C{sub 2}H{sub 6}){sub N} clusters with radius of about 9.6 nm can be prepared at 80-bars backing pressure at 308 K. While (C{sub 2}H{sub 6}){sub N} clusters of so large size are irradiated by sufficiently intense laser pulses, the average energy of protons will be increased up to 50 keV. It is inferred that such large-size deuterated ethane clusters (C{sub 2}D{sub 6}){sub N} will favor more efficient neutron generation due to the significant increase of the D-D nuclear reaction cross section in laser-driven cluster nuclear fusion.

Li Song; Zhou Zili; Tian Ye; Lu Haiyang; Wang Wentao; Ju Jingjing; Xu Yi; Leng Yuxin; Ni Guoquan; Wang Cheng; Liu Jiansheng [State Key Laboratory of High Filed Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Li Hongyu [College of Physics and Electronic Information, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Fraction of Stopped Antiprotons which Annihilate on Free Hydrogen in Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Antiprotons were stopped in a liquid-propane bubble chamber. In a sample of film containing 75 000 annihilations at rest, 21 examples of the reactions p¯p??+?- or p¯p?K+K- were identified. This number, together with the previously measured branching ratios of these channels in liquid hydrogen, leads to a determination that (11±3)% of the antiprotons annihilate on free protons. The remaining 89% annihilate on bound nucleons in carbon. This fraction is markedly higher than the fraction of ?- at rest which charge exchange on free protons in similar hydrocarbons. An explanation of the large difference is suggested.

W. T. Pawlewicz; C. T. Murphy; J. G. Fetkovich; T. Dombeck; M. Derrick; T. Wangler

1970-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

6 - Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures for eco-efficient construction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Polymeric nanocomposites are among the most exciting and promising classes of materials discovered recently. A number of physical properties are successfully enhanced when a polymer is modified with small amount of nanoclay on condition that the clay is dispersed at nanoscopic level. In this research, comparative rheological tests on binders and mechanical tests on asphalt mixtures containing unmodified and nanoclay modified bitumen were carried out. Two types of nanoclay were used: Nanofill-15 and Cloisite-15A. Rheological tests on binder were penetration, softening point, ductility and aging effect. Mechanical tests on asphalt mixture were Marshall stability, indirect tensile strength, resilient modulus, diametric fatigue and dynamic creep tests. Test results show that nanoclay can improve properties such as stability, resilient modulus and indirect tensile strength and result in superior performance compared to that of unmodified bitumen under dynamic creep. Nanoclays do not seem to have beneficial effects on fatigue behaviour at low temperatures. Optimum binder content and void in total mixture (VTM) increase by adding nanoclay to bitumen.

S. Ghaffarpour Jahromi; Shahid Rajaee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

THE FURNACE COMBUSTION AND RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS OF METHANOL AND A METHANOL/COAL SLURRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of NO and N02 in a Turbulent Propane/Air Di fusion Flame,"Fuel Methanol Ethanol Ethane Propane i so Octane n - Cetanestage of the secondary Propane, at A spark air line contains

Grosshandler, W.L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

"Nanocrystal bilayer for tandem catalysis"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane and iso-Butanethe Hydroformylation of Propane over Silica-supported Groupproduct and small amount of propane, which is likely to be

Yamada, Yusuke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Gas-Phase Reactions of Doubly Charged Lanthanide Cations with Alkanes and Alkenes. Trends in Metal(2+) Reactivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alkanes (methane, ethane, propane, n-butane) and alkenes (and 9, respectively). With propane and n-butane, all the Lnin the reactions of La 2+ with propane and n-butane, and the

Gibson, John K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Evaluation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Asphalt Binder Using Matrix Solid-Phase Dispersion and Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......emissions generated during the production and application of asphalt binders...pre-concentration, and gas chro- matography (GC). Mechanical...hydrogen was used as the carrier gas at a flow rate of 1.0 mL...alumina. However, owing to the cost, silica gel was selected as......

Paulo R.N. Fernandes; Sandra de A. Soares; Ronaldo F. Nascimento; Jorge B. Soares; Rivelino M. Cavalcante

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Analysis of ignition behavior in a turbocharged direct injection dual fuel engine using propane and methane as primary fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents experimental analyses of the ignition delay (ID) behavior for diesel-ignited propane and diesel-ignited methane dual fuel combustion. Two sets of experiments were performed at a constant speed (1800 rev/min) using a 4-cylinder direct injection diesel engine with the stock ECU and a wastegated turbocharger. First, the effects of fuel-air equivalence ratios (���© pilot �¢���¼ 0.2-0.6 and ���© overall �¢���¼ 0.2-0.9) on IDs were quantified. Second, the effects of gaseous fuel percent energy substitution (PES) and brake mean effective pressure (BMEP) (from 2.5 to 10 bar) on IDs were investigated. With constant ���© pilot (> 0.5), increasing ���© overall with propane initially decreased ID but eventually led to premature propane autoignition; however, the corresponding effects with methane were relatively minor. Cyclic variations in the start of combustion (SOC) increased with increasing ���© overall (at constant ���© pilot), more significantly for propane than for methane. With increasing PES at constant BMEP, the ID showed a nonlinear (initially increasing and later decreasing) trend at low BMEPs for propane but a linearly decreasing trend at high BMEPs. For methane, increasing PES only increased IDs at all BMEPs. At low BMEPs, increasing PES led to significantly higher cyclic SOC variations and SOC advancement for both propane and methane. Finally, the engine ignition delay (EID) was also shown to be a useful metric to understand the influence of ID on dual fuel combustion.

Polk, A. C.; Gibson, C. M.; Shoemaker, N. T.; Srinivasan, K. K.; Krishnan, S. R.

2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

463

Influence of propane on CO2/CH4 and N2/CH4 separations in CHA zeolite membranes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Two types of CHA zeolite membranes (SAPO-34, SSZ-13) were used for CO2/CH4, N2/CH4, and CO2/i-butane separations at both low (270 and 350 kPa) and high (1.73 MPa) pressures. The SSZ-13 membranes were more selective, with CO2/CH4 separation selectivities as high as 280 and N2/CH4 separation selectivities of 12 at 270 kPa feed pressure. For both types of membranes, selectivities and permeances decreased as the feed pressure increased. The CO2/i-butane separation selectivities were greater than 500,000 for SAPO-34 membranes, indicating extremely low densities of defects because i-butane is too large to enter the CHA pores. The CO2/i-butane selectivities were smaller for SSZ-13 membranes (2,800–20,000), in part because the SSZ-13 layer was on the outside of the porous mullite tubes and sealing the membrane on the zeolite surface was more difficult than for the SAPO-34 membranes that were grown on the inside of glazed alumina tubes. Propane, in feed concentrations from 1 to 9%, significantly influenced separations by decreasing permeances in most cases. The effect was larger for N2/CH4 than for CO2/CH4 mixtures, apparently because the more strongly-adsorbing CO2 competes better than N2 with propane for adsorption sites. Although propane caused permeances to decrease significantly over time, selectivities decreased much less. Propane decreased permeances more for SAPO-34 membranes than for SSZ-13 membranes at 350 kPa, and at high pressure propane even increased CO2 permeances and decreased CH4 permeances in SSZ-13 membranes, thus significantly increasing CO2/CH4 selectivities. Propane permeances reached steady state relatively quickly because its permeation was mostly through defects, but CO2, N2, and CH4 permeances did not stabilize in the presence of propane, even after seven days. The effects of propane were reversible when it was removed from the feed and the membranes were heated.

Ting Wu; Merritt C. Diaz; Yihong Zheng; Rongfei Zhou; Hans H. Funke; John L. Falconer; Richard D. Noble

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

The catalytic oxidation of propane and propylene with air: total aldehyde production and selectivity at low conversions.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~ Ths writer is izntebteg to pr, P G~ ~och Tor his assistance azsi guidance in this work aC to Br~ J+ 9 Kinds Tor his aery. suggestions eel Succor~ a The oxidation cf propane~ propylene and prcya~cregyimm mbetccres ctver a ~ aiucdna ~st in a flew... formation of aldehyde fran pure grade propane The ~ce of Within the range of variables of this investigation and with propylene ~& aldehyde pr~cn was f'ennd to bs independent of" residence Qorrcgations relating aldehyde pressure to ~ and cncygsn pressure...

Looney, Franklin Sittig

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

465

Effects of Propane/Natural Gas Blended Fuels on Gas Turbine Pollutant Emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

U.S. natural gas composition is expected to be more variable in the future. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports to the U.S. are expected to grow significantly over the next 10-15 years. Unconventional gas supplies, like coal-bed methane, are also expected to grow. As a result of these anticipated changes, the composition of fuel sources may vary significantly from existing domestic natural gas supplies. To allow the greatest use of gas supplies, end-use equipment should be able to accommodate the widest possible gas composition. For this reason, the effect of gas composition on combustion behavior is of interest. This paper will examine the effects of fuel variability on pollutant emissions for premixed gas turbine conditions. The experimental data presented in this paper have been collected from a pressurized single injector combustion test rig at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The tests are conducted at 7.5 atm with a 589K air preheat. A propane blending facility is used to vary the Wobbe Index of the site natural gas. The results indicate that propane addition of about five (vol.) percent does not lead to a significant change in the observed NOx emissions. These results vary from data reported in the literature for some engine applications and potential reasons for these differences are discussed.

D. Straub; D. Ferguson; K. Casleton; G. Richards

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Effects of Propane/Natural Gas Blended Fuels on Gas Turbine Pollutant Emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports to the U.S. are expected to grow significantly over the next 10-15 years. Likewise, it is expected that changes to the domestic gas supply may also introduce changes in natural gas composition. As a result of these anticipated changes, the composition of fuel sources may vary significantly from conventional domestic natural gas supplies. This paper will examine the effects of fuel variability on pollutant emissions for premixed gas turbine conditions. The experimental data presented in this paper have been collected from a pressurized single injector combustion test rig at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The tests are conducted at 7.5 atm with a 588 K air preheat. A propane blending facility is used to vary the Wobbe Index of the site natural gas. The results indicate that propane addition of about five (vol.) percent does not lead to a significant change in the observed NOx or CO emissions. These results are different from data collected on some engine applications and potential reasons for these differences will be described.

Straub, D.L.; Ferguson, D.H.; Casleton, K.H.; Richards, G.A.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Comparison of propane and methane performance and emissions in a turbocharged direct injection dual fuel engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With increasingly restrictive NO x and particulate matter emissions standards, the recent discovery of new natural gas reserves, and the possibility of producing propane efficiently from biomass sources, dual fueling strategies have become more attractive. This paper presents experimental results from dual fuel operation of a four-cylinder turbocharged direct injection (DI) diesel engine with propane or methane (a natural gas surrogate) as the primary fuel and diesel as the ignition source. Experiments were performed with the stock engine control unit at a constant speed of 1800 rpm, and a wide range of brake mean effective pressures (BMEPs) (2.7-11.6 bars) and percent energy substitutions (PESs) of C 3 H 8 and CH 4. Brake thermal efficiencies (BTEs) and emissions (NO x, smoke, total hydrocarbons (THCs), CO, and CO 2) were measured. Maximum PES levels of about 80-95% with CH 4 and 40-92% with C 3 H 8 were achieved. Maximum PES was limited by poor combustion efficiencies and engine misfire at low loads for both C 3 H 8 and CH 4, and the onset of knock above 9 bar BMEP for C 3 H 8. While dual fuel BTEs were lower than straight diesel BTEs at low loads, they approached diesel BTE values at high loads. For dual fuel operation, NO x and smoke reductions (from diesel values) were as high as 66-68% and 97%, respectively, but CO and THC emissions were significantly higher with increasing PES at all engine loads

Gibson, C. M.; Polk, A. C.; Shoemaker, N. T.; Srinivasan, K. K.; Krishnan, S. R.

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

468

Recycling of Flue Gas Desulfurization residues in gneiss based hot mix asphalt: Materials characterization and performances evaluation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract On the one hand, huge amount of Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) residues, produced during scrubbing flue gas, is discarded as solid waste. Such solid waste would cause serious environmental problems. One the other hand, high quality aggregates, such as limestone and basalt, are running out due to the rapid development of highway construction. Ungraded aggregates such as gneiss are therefore considered in China to replace the high quality aggregates. The application of FGD residues as a filler in gneiss based asphalt mixture has benefits both in environmental and economic sides. The main objective of this research was to visualize the raw materials characterization and evaluate the effect of FGD residues on the performance of gneiss based asphalt mixture. X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Differential Scanning Calorimetric & Thermal gravimetric (DSC–TG) were used to investigate the features of raw materials. The performance of gneiss based asphalt mixture including high-temperature deformation resistance, low-temperature crack resistance and moisture-induced damage resistance were evaluated. Dynamic creep test, three-point bending test, Retained Marshall Stability (RMS), Tensile Strength Ratio (TSR), Indirect Tensile (IDT) strength and Resilient Modulus (MR) test were conducted and analyzed. Dissipated Creep Strain Energy to fracture (DCSEf) ratio, fracture energy and model analysis were also used to evaluate moisture resistance, crack resistance and deformation resistance of asphalt mixture respectively. Research results indicate that FGD residues can partly improve the moisture resistance and crack resistance of gneiss asphalt mixture, while it might worse the high-temperature deformation resistance.

Zongwu Chen; Shaopeng Wu; Fuzhou Li; Juyong Chen; Zhehuan Qin; Ling Pang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Sorption, Dilation, and Partial Molar Volumes of Carbon Dioxide and Ethane in Cross-Linked Poly(ethylene oxide)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

First, carbon dioxide is a common impurity in natural gas that must be removed for heating value improvement. ... A database of PMV values for these two gases in liquids and rubbery polymers was constructed, and a correlation between PMV and solubility parameter was observed, so the chemical structure of the polymer can influence the PMV of the sorbed gas. ... Cylinders of ethane (99% purity) and carbon dioxide (99.999% purity) were purchased from Airgas Southwest Inc. (Corpus Christi, TX). ...

Cláudio P. Ribeiro, Jr.; Benny D. Freeman

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

470

Permeation of ethylene and ethane through sulfonated polysulfones and sulfonated poly(phenylene oxide) ion exchange membranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Permeation of ethylene and ethane is sulfonated poly(phenylene oxide), sulfonated bisphenol A polyarylethersulfone and sulfonated hexafluorobisphenol A polyarylethersulfone (6F-SPS) exchanged with Ag{sup +} ions were measured as a function of degree of sulfonation, temperature and trans membrane differential pressure. The data were compared with the permeation results for these membranes in acid form and alkaline metal salt form. Membranes exchanged with Ag{sup +} ions displayed enhanced etylene permeability and ethylene-ethane separation factors. The enhancement in transport of ethylene in ion exchange membranes is apparently related to an increase in ethylene solubility affected by complexation of ethylene with immobilized Ag{sup +} ions. A substantial increase in ethylene permeation rate and separation factor was observed when the feed gas was saturated with water vapors. Enhanced permeation/separation were attributed to an increase in the mobility of silver ions in water plasticized membranes. Membranes plasticized with glycerol exhibited high ethylene permeation rate and ethylene/ethane separation factors in dry feed gas streams that were comparable with permeation rates in water plasticized membranes.

Yurkovetsky, A.; Watterson, A. [Univ. of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA (United States); Bikson, B. [Innovative Membrane Systems, Inc., Norwood, MA (United States); Kharas, G.B. [DePaul Univ., Chicago, IL (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

Effects of optimal concentrations of asphalt-tar substances and wax on the rheological characteristics of high-viscosity petroleum during transport in large pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the optimum ratio of asphalt-tar substances to wax is independent of temperature and pressure in transport of high-viscosity petroleum through pipelines.

A. M. Shammazov

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Two- and Three-Dimensional Microstructural Modeling of Asphalt Particulate Composite Materials using a Unified Viscoelastic-Viscoplastic-Viscodamage Constitutive Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main objective of this study is to develop and validate a framework for microstructural modeling of asphalt composite materials using a coupled thermo-viscoelastic, thermo-viscoplastic, and thermo-viscodamage constitutive model. In addition...

You, Taesun

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

473

Optimized design of a heat exchanger for an air-to-water reversible heat pump working with propane (R290)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimized design of a heat exchanger for an air-to-water reversible heat pump working with propane-to-water reversible heat pump unit was carried out using two different fin-and-tube heat exchanger ``coil'' designs concepts. The performance of the heat pump was evaluated for each coil design at different superheat

Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

474

Using Membrane Reactive Absorption Modeling to Predict Optimum Process Conditions in the Separation of Propane–Propylene Mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chilukuri, P.; Rademakers, K.; Nymeijer, K.; Van der Ham, L.; Van Berg, H. D.Propylene/propane separation with a gas/liquid membrane contactor using a silver salt solution Ind. Eng. ... Chilukuri, Pavan; Rademakers, Karlijn; Nymeijer, Kitty; van der Ham, Louis; van den Berg, Henk ...

Marcos Fallanza; Alfredo Ortiz; Daniel Gorri; Inmaculada Ortiz

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

475

Non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq effects in turbulent thermal convection in ethane close to the critical point  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As shown in earlier work [Ahlers et al., J. Fluid Mech. 569, 409 (2006)], non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq (NOB) corrections to the center temperature in turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection in water and also in glycerol are governed by the temperature dependences of the kinematic viscosity and the thermal diffusion coefficient. If the working fluid is ethane close to the critical point, the origin of non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq corrections is very different, as will be shown in the present paper. Namely, the main origin of NOB corrections then lies in the strong temperature dependence of the isobaric thermal expansion coefficient ?(T). More precisely, it is the nonlinear T dependence of the density ?(T) in the buoyancy force that causes another type of NOB effect. We demonstrate this through a combination of experimental, numerical, and theoretical work, the last in the framework of the extended Prandtl-Blasius boundary-layer theory developed by Ahlers et al. as cited above. The theory comes to its limits if the temperature dependence of the thermal expension coefficient ?(T) is significant. The measurements reported here cover the ranges 2.1?Pr?3.9 and 5×109?Ra?2×1012 and are for cylindrical samples of aspect ratios 1.0 and 0.5.

Guenter Ahlers; Enrico Calzavarini; Francisco Fontenele Araujo; Denis Funfschilling; Siegfried Grossmann; Detlef Lohse; Kazuyasu Sugiyama

2008-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

476

A comparison of advanced distillation control techniques for a propylene/propane splitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed dynamic simulator of a propylene/propane (C{sub 3}) splitter, which was bench-marked against industrial data, has been used to compare dual composition control performance for a diagonal PI controller and several advanced controllers. The advanced controllers considered are DMC, nonlinear process model based control, and artificial neural networks. Each controller was tuned based upon setpoint changes in the overhead production composition using 50% changes in the impurity levels. Overall, there was not a great deal of difference in controller performance based upon the setpoint and disturbance tests. Periodic step changes in feed composition were also used to compare controller performance. In this case, oscillatory variations of the product composition were observed and the variabilities of the DMC and nonlinear process model based controllers were substantially smaller than that of the PI controller. The sensitivity of each controller to the frequency of the periodic step changes in feed composition was also investigated.

Gokhale, V.; Hurowitz, S.; Riggs, J.B. [Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Cross sections for electron scattering by propane in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a joint theoretical-experimental study on electron scattering by propane (C{sub 3}H{sub 8}) in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges. Calculated elastic differential, integral, and momentum transfer as well as total (elastic + inelastic) and total absorption cross sections are reported for impact energies ranging from 2 to 500 eV. Also, experimental absolute elastic cross sections are reported in the 40- to 500-eV energy range. A complex optical potential is used to represent the electron-molecule interaction dynamics. A theoretical method based on the single-center-expansion close-coupling framework and corrected by the Pade approximant is used to solve the scattering equations. The experimental angular distributions of the scattered electrons are converted to absolute cross sections using the relative flow technique. The comparison of our calculated with our measured results, as well as with other experimental and theoretical data available in the literature, is encouraging.

Souza, G. L. C. de; Lee, M.-T.; Sanches, I. P.; Rawat, P.; Iga, I.; Santos, A. S. dos; Machado, L. E.; Sugohara, R. T.; Brescansin, L. M.; Homem, M. G. P.; Lucchese, R. R. [Departamento de Quimica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica 'Gleb Wataghin', UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSC, 88010-970 Florianopolis, SC (Brazil); Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 7784-3255 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Clusters Ligated with 1,3-Bis(dicyclohexylphosphino)propane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this multidisciplinary study we combine chemical reduction synthesis of novel gold clusters in solution with high-resolution analytical mass spectrometry (MS) to gain insight into the composition of the gold clusters and how their size, ionic charge state and ligand substitution influences their gas-phase fragmentation pathways. Ultra small cationic gold clusters ligated with 1,3-bis(dicyclohexylphosphino)propane (DCPP) were synthesized for the first time and introduced into the gas phase using electrospray ionization (ESI). Mass-selected cluster ions were fragmented employing collision induced dissociation (CID) and the product ions were analysed using MS. The solutions were found to contain the multiply charged cationic gold clusters Au9L43+, Au13L53+, Au6L32+, Au8L32+ and Au10L42+ (L = DCPP). The gas-phase fragmentation pathways of these cluster ions were examined systematically employing CID combined with MS. In addition, CID experiments were performed on related gold clusters of the same size and ionic charge state but capped with 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane (DPPP) ligands containing phenyl functional groups at the two phosphine centers instead of cyclohexane rings. It is shown that this relatively small change in the molecular substitution of the two phosphine centers in diphosphine ligands (C6H11 versus C6H5) exerts a pronounced influence on the size of the species that are preferentially formed in solution during reduction synthesis as well as the gas-phase fragmentation channels of otherwise identical gold cluster ions. The mass spectrometry results indicate that in addition to the length of the alkyl chain between the two phosphine centers, the substituents at the phosphine centers also play a crucial role in determining the composition, size and stability of diphosphine ligated gold clusters synthesized in solution.

Johnson, Grant E.; Priest, Thomas A.; Laskin, Julia

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

The importance of the use phase on the LCA of environmentally friendly solutions for asphalt road pavements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In order to assess sustainability of products and processes, different methodologies have been developed and used in the last years. In the road pavement construction area, most methodologies used for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) are essentially focused in the construction phase. The present paper analyses the importance of the use phase of a road in the LCA of different paving alternatives, namely by evaluating energy consumption and gaseous emissions throughout the road pavement’s life. Therefore, a new LCA methodology for road pavements was developed, and the results of its application to a case study involving the construction of alternative pavement structures are discussed. The study intends to assess the influence of using more sustainable paving construction alternatives (asphalt recycling vs. conventional asphalt mixtures), and/or different surface course materials (which have a higher influence on the rolling resistance and, therefore, affect the performance during the use phase). The LCA results obtained for this case study showed that the reductions in energy consumption and gaseous emissions obtained during the use phase, for pavement alternatives with a lower rolling resistance surface course, are higher than the total amount of energy consumption and gas emissions produced during construction. It is therefore clear that some improvements in the characteristics of the surface course may have an effect over the road use phase that will rapidly balance the initial costs and gas emissions of those interventions. The LCA results obtained also showed that the sustainability of pavement construction may also be improved using recycled asphalt mixtures.

João Paulo C. Araújo; Joel R.M. Oliveira; Hugo M.R.D. Silva

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Use of a thermodynamic cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled engine and an iso-octane-fuelled engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the engine cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled and an iso-octane-fuelled engine for the same operating conditions and engine specifications. A comprehensive parametric investigation was conducted to examine the effects...

Pathak, Dushyant

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "asphalt ethane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Adsorption of propane, isopropyl, and hydrogen on cluster models of the M1 phase of Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst possessing the M1 phase structure is uniquely capable of directly converting propane into acrylonitrile. However, the mechanism of this complex eight-electron transformation, which includes a series of oxidative H-abstraction and N-insertion steps, remains poorly understood. We have conducted a density functional theory study of cluster models of the proposed active and selective site for propane ammoxidation, including the adsorption of propane, isopropyl (CH{sub 3}CHCH{sub 3}), and H which are involved in the first step of this transformation, that is, the methylene C-H bond scission in propane, on these active site models. Among the surface oxygen species, the telluryl oxo (Te=O) is found to be the most nucleophilic. Whereas the adsorption of propane is weak regardless of the MO{sub x} species involved, isopropyl and H adsorption exhibits strong preference in the order of Te=O > V=O > bridging oxygens > empty Mo apical site, suggesting the importance of TeO{sub x} species for H abstraction. The adsorption energies of isopropyl and H and consequently the reaction energy of the initial dehydrogenation of propane are strongly dependent on the number of ab planes included in the cluster, which points to the need to employ multilayer cluster models to correctly capture the energetics of surface chemistry on this mixed metal oxide catalyst.

Govindasamy, Agalya [University of Cincinnati; Muthukumar, Kaliappan [University of Cincinnati; Yu, Junjun [University of Cincinnati; Xu, Ye [ORNL; Guliants, Vadim V. [University of Cincinnati

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Operation of a Four-Cylinder 1.9L Propane Fueled HCCI Engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A four-cylinder 1.9 Volkswagen TDI Engine has been converted to run in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) mode. The stock configuration is a turbocharged direct injection Diesel engine. The combustion chamber has been modified by discarding the in-cylinder Diesel fuel injectors and replacing them with blank inserts (which contain pressure transducers). The stock pistons contain a reentrant bowl and have been retained for the tests reported here. The intake and exhaust manifolds have also been retained, but the turbocharger has been removed. A heater has been installed upstream of the intake manifold and fuel is added just downstream of this heater. The performance of this engine in naturally aspirated HCCI operation, subject to variable intake temperature and fuel flow rate, has been studied. The engine has been run with propane fuel at a constant speed of 1800 rpm. This work is intended to characterize the HCCI operation of the engine in this configuration that has been minimally modified from the base Diesel engine. The performance (BMEP, IMEP, efficiency, etc) and emissions (THC, CO, NOx) of the engine are presented, as are combustion process results based on heat release analysis of the pressure traces from each cylinder.

Flowers, D; Aceves, S M; Martinez-Frias, J; Smith, J R; Au, M; Girard, J; Dibble, R

2001-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Autoignited laminar lifted flames of propane in coflow jets with tribrachial edge and mild combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Characteristics of laminar lifted flames have been investigated experimentally by varying the initial temperature of coflow air over 800 K in the non-premixed jets of propane diluted with nitrogen. The result showed that the lifted flame with the initial temperature below 860 K maintained the typical tribrachial structure at the leading edge, which was stabilized by the balance mechanism between the propagation speed of tribrachial flame and the local flow velocity. For the temperature above 860 K, the flame was autoignited without having any external ignition source. The autoignited lifted flames were categorized in two regimes. In the case with tribrachial edge structure, the liftoff height increased nonlinearly with jet velocity. Especially, for the critical condition near blowout, the lifted flame showed a repetitive behavior of extinction and reignition. In such a case, the autoignition was controlled by the non-adiabatic ignition delay time considering heat loss such that the autoignition height was correlated with the square of the adiabatic ignition delay time. In the case with mild combustion regime at excessively diluted conditions, the liftoff height increased linearly with jet velocity and was correlated well with the square of the adiabatic ignition delay time. (author)

Choi, B.C.; Kim, K.N.; Chung, S.H. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Modeling of the formation of short-chain acids in propane flames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to better understand their potential formation in combustion systems, a detailed kinetic mechanism for the formation of short-chain monocarboxylic acids, formic (HCOOH), acetic (CH3COOH), propionic (C2H5COOH) and propenic (C2H3COOH)) acids, has been developed. Simulations of lean (equivalence ratios from 0.9 to 0.48) laminar premixed flames of propane stabilized at atmospheric pressure with nitrogen as diluent have been performed. It was found that amounts up to 25 ppm of acetic acid, 15 ppm of formic acid and 1 ppm of C3 acid can be formed for some positions in the flames. Simulations showed that the more abundant C3 acid formed is propenic acid. A quite acceptable agreement has been obtained with the scarce results from the literature concerning oxygenated compounds, including aldehydes (CH2O, CH3CHO) and acids. A reaction pathways analysis demonstrated that each acid is mainly derived from the aldehyde of similar structure.

Battin-Leclerc, Frédérique; Jaffrezo, J L; Legrand, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

A rapid compression machine study of the oxidation of propane in the negative temperature coefficient regime  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oxidation of propane has been studied in the temperature range 680-970 K at compressed gas pressures of 21, 27, and 37 atm and at varying equivalence ratios of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0. These data are consistent with other experiments presented in the literature for alkane fuels in that, when ignition delay times are plotted as a function of temperature, a characteristic negative coefficient behavior is observed. In addition, these data were simulated using a detailed chemical kinetic model. It was found that qualitatively the model correctly simulated the effect of change in equivalence ratio and pressure, predicting that fuel-rich, high-pressure mixtures ignite fastest, while fuel-lean, low-pressure mixtures ignite slowest. Moreover, reactivity as a function of temperature is well captured, with the model predicting negative temperature coefficient behavior similar to the experiments. Quantitatively the model is faster than experiment for all mixtures at the lowest temperatures (650-750 K) and is also faster than experiment throughout the entire temperature range for fuel-lean mixtures. (author)

Gallagher, S.M.; Curran, H.J.; Metcalfe, W.K.; Healy, D.; Simmie, J.M. [Combustion Chemistry Centre, National University of Ireland, Galway (Ireland); Bourque, G. [Rolls-Royce Canada, Montreal (Canada)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Subnanometer platinum clusters highly active and selective catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small clusters are known to possess reactivity not observed in their bulk analogues, which can make them attractive for catalysis. Their distinct catalytic properties are often hypothesized to result from the large fraction of under-coordinated surface atoms. Here, we show that size-preselected Pt{sub 8-10} clusters stabilized on high-surface-area supports are 40-100 times more active for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane than previously studied platinum and vanadia catalysts, while at the same time maintaining high selectivity towards formation of propylene over by-products. Quantum chemical calculations indicate that under-coordination of the Pt atoms in the clusters is responsible for the surprisingly high reactivity compared with extended surfaces. We anticipate that these results will form the basis for development of a new class of catalysts by providing a route to bond-specific chemistry, ranging from energy-efficient and environmentally friendly synthesis strategies to the replacement of petrochemical feedstocks by abundant small alkanes.

Vajda, S; Pellin, M. J.; Greeley, J. P.; Marshall, C. L.; Curtiss, L. A.; Ballentine, G. A.; Elam, J. W.; Catillon-Mucherie, S.; Redfern, P. C.; Mehmood, F.; Zapol, P.; Yale Univ.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O-and OH,,,O-Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O- and OH,,,O- Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate (succinamate) and Monohydrogen 1 of amide NH,,,O- and carboxyl OH,,,O- hydrogen bonds were investigated via conformational analysis

Goddard III, William A.

490

Establishment of a laboratory mix-design method for open-graded friction courses using sulfur-extended asphalt (SEA) binders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which varied from dense asphaltic concrete to porous surface courses. The con- clusions included the following: l. The durabil1ty of porous fr1ction courses was very dependent on the type of binder used. 2. The sections with 200 pen bitumen gave...ESTABLISHMENT OF A LABORATORY MIX-DESIGN METHOD FOR OPEN-GRADED FRICTION COURSES USING SULFUR-EXTENDED ASPHALT (SEA) BINDERS A Thesis by KEE-KWONG HO Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Ho, Kee-Kwong

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

ED-XAS Data Reveal In-situ Time-Resolved Adsorbate Coverage on Supported Molybdenum Oxide Catalysts during Propane Dehydrogenation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy-Dispersive X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (ED-XAS) data combined with UV/Vis, Raman, and mass spectrometry data on alumina- and silica-supported molybdenum oxide catalysts under propane dehydrogenation conditions have been previously reported. A novel {delta}{mu} adsorbate isolation technique was applied here to the time-resolved (0.1 min) Mo K-edge ED-XAS data by taking the difference of absorption, {mu}, at t>1 against the initial time, t=0. Further, full multiple scattering calculations using the FEFF 8.0 code are performed to interpret the {delta}{mu} signatures. The resulting difference spectra and interpretation provide real time propane coverage and O depletion at the MoOn surface. The propane coverage is seen to correlate with the propene and/or coke production, with the maximum coke formation occurring when the propane coverage is the largest. Combined, these data give unprecedented insight into the complicated dynamics for propane dehydrogenation.

Ramaker, David; Gatewood, Daniel [Department of Chemistry, George Washington University, Washington D.C. 20052 (United States); Beale, Andrew M.; Weckhuysen, Bert M. [Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis, Dept. of Chem., Utrecht University, Sorbonnelaan 16, 3584 CA Utrecht (Netherlands)

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

492

Effects of Fuel Injection Timing on Combustion and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel?Propane Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effects of Fuel Injection Timing on Combustion and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel?Propane Blends ... State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China, and College of Vehicle & Motive Power Engineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, 471003, China ... It is the third most widely used vehicle fuel behind the gasoline and diesel fuels.1 Diesel fuel has been widely used in internal combustion engines due to its high thermal efficiency and low CO2 emission. ...

Zhihao Ma; Zuohua Huang; Chongxiao Li; Xinbin Wang; Haiyan Miao

2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

493

High-Pressure Micellar Solutions of Polystyrene-block-Polybutadiene and Polystyrene-block-Polyisoprene Solutions in Propane Exhibit Cloud-Pressure Reduction and Distinct Micellization End Points  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Micellar solutions of polystyrene-block-polybutadiene and polystyrene-block-polyisoprene in propane are found to exhibit significantly lower cloud pressures than the corresponding hypothetical non-micellar solutions. Such a cloud-pressure reduction indicates the extent to which micelle formation enhances the apparent diblock solubility in near-critical and hence compressible propane. Pressure-temperature points beyond which no micelles can be formed, referred to as the micellization end points, are found to depend on the block type, size and ratio, and on the polymer concentration. For a given pressure, the micellization end-point temperature corresponds to the "critical micelle temperature." The cloud-pressure reduction and the micellization end point measured for styrene-diene diblocks in propane should be characteristic of all amphiphilic diblock copolymer solutions that form micelles in compressible solvents.

Winoto, Winoto [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Radosz, Maciej [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Tan, Sugata [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

,"U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates",11,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm"

495

,"U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. 2 Distillates",11,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refoth_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.htm"

496

Reaction with Propane of I(52P1/2), produced by Photolysis of Iodine in the Continuum of the B3?ou+–X1?g+ System, and by Collisional Release inside the Banded Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and the ^-propyl iodide was determined by gas chromatography, after separation of the unreacted propane on a low-temperature still. The quantum yield is independent of the area of ... 60 C in a mixture of 0-20 mm of iodine with 100 mm of propane, the quantum yield for the formation of ^-propyl iodide is 1-5 x ...

A. B. CALLEAR; J. F. WILSON

1966-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

497

Emissions Benefits From Renewable Fuels and Other Alternatives for Heavy-Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methane Ethane Propane I-butane N 2 CO 2 MN Wobbe number HHVMethane Number determined via California Air Recourses Board (CARB) calculations 36 ; Wobbe Number = HHV/

Hajbabaei, Maryam

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Hydrocarbon Gas Liquids (HGL): Recent Market Trends and Issues  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Primary sector Ethane 1.558 Ethylene for plastics production, petrochemical feedstock Plastic bags, plastics, antifreeze, detergent Industrial Propane 1.499 Propylene for...

499

EIA-802  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Greater than 500 ppm sulfur 467 CODE 466 PADD 4 * Includes propane, propylene, ethane, ethylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, isobutylene, and pentanes plus. PADD 3 PADD...

500

E-Print Network 3.0 - alicyclic compounds Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

associated with the aerobic microbial oxidation of methane, ethane, propane and butane Summary: prove useful in further studying the microbial oxi- dation of these compounds...