National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for ascii comma delimited

  1. XM-17330/27330 BINARY/ASCII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skemer, Philip

    the instruction manual of the basic unit. Conversion Measured data of each program is stored in files withinXM-17330/27330 BINARY/ASCII CONVERSION PROGRAM For the proper use of the instrument, be sure Conversion............................................. 4 2.2 Conversion of Quantitative Analysis Line Formed

  2. GOCEXML2ASCII an XML to ASCII converter for GOCE level EGG_NOM and SST_PSO data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuttgart, Universität

    GOCEXML2ASCII ­ an XML to ASCII converter for GOCE level EGG_NOM and SST_PSO data Ma hias Roth SST_PSO_2 file (a typical SST_PSO_2 file has a size of ~ MB). The advantage of this parser Institute (Arsov, ) is implemented in C++. According to Arsov, the GOCEPARSER needs ~ min to convert a SST_PSO

  3. The unholy trinity: taxonomy, species delimitation and DNA barcoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeSalle, Rob

    The unholy trinity: taxonomy, species delimitation and DNA barcoding Rob DeSalle*, Mary G. Egan are clarified and resolved, before the use of DNA as a tool for taxonomy and species delimitation can framework for interweaving classical taxonomy with the goals of `DNA barcoding'. Keywords: DNA barcoding

  4. No Comma, Period, Rage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hauser, Aaron

    2013-01-01

    I might actually use both dishwashers, one with gusto, andmyself. I bought that dishwasher, didn’t I? You saw that.a perfectly good dishwasher. “I still don’t understand the

  5. ASCII Non-printable Characters 348 APPENDIX A. ASCII NON-PRINTABLE CHARACTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, John B.

    SOH Start of Header 2 STX Start of Text 3 ETX End of Text 4 EOT End of Transmission 5 ENQ Enquiry 6 Link Escape 17 DC1 Device Control 1 (XON) 18 DC2 Device Control 2 19 DC3 Device Control 3 (XOFF) 20 DC4 Device Control 4 21 NAK Negative Acknowledgement 22 SYN Synchronous idle 23 ETB End of Transmission Block

  6. Proceedings of Student/Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 5th Weather Station Website for Pace University Environmental Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tappert, Charles

    weather table currently on the web server using a Data Transformation Service (DTS) job. A SQL Agent job by students in the Spring of 2005. The website gathered data using a comma-delimited file produced by Weather and sunset [2] while predictions of weather were completely based on observation. It was not until

  7. A Model for Delimited Information Release Andrei Sabelfeld 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabelfeld, Andrei

    Abstract. Much work on security-typed languages lacks a satisfactory account of intentional information, many intuitively secure programs do allow some release, or declassification, of secret information (e security, confidentiality, information flow, nonin- terference, security-type systems, security policies

  8. DoubleFlip: A Motion Gesture Delimiter for Mobile Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    jgruiz@cs.uwaterloo.ca Yang Li Google Research Mountain View, CA, USA yangli@acm.org Figure 1 that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this

  9. Updated Users' Guide for RSAP -- A Code for Display and Manipulation of Neutron Cross Section Data and SAMMY Fit Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sayer, R.O.

    2003-07-29

    RSAP [1] is a computer code for display and manipulation of neutron cross section data and selected SAMMY output. SAMMY [2] is a multilevel R-matrix code for fitting neutron time-of-flight cross-section data using Bayes' method. This users' guide provides documentation for the recently updated RSAP code (version 6). The code has been ported to the Linux platform, and several new features have been added, including the capability to read cross section data from ASCII pointwise ENDF files as well as double-precision PLT output from SAMMY. A number of bugs have been found and corrected, and the input formats have been improved. Input items are parsed so that items may be separated by spaces or commas.

  10. TRAINING AND ORIENTATION AGREEMENT (Labor and Social Security Minister's Decree n. 142 of 25/03/1998, comma 4, section 5 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cesare, Bernardo

    Rep N. Prot N. TRAINING AND ORIENTATION AGREEMENT (Labor and Social Security Minister's Decree n are entitled to promote training and orientation placements in the business world for the benefit of those who of trainees on training and orientation placements as specified in art. 5 of Decree nr. 142 of 25th March 1998

  11. Mantle source provinces beneath the Northwestern USA delimited by helium isotopes in young basalts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, David W.

    phenocrysts in basalts from the eastern Snake River Plain (SRP), the Owyhee Plateau (OP) and the Oregon High: Received 17 April 2008 Accepted 11 December 2008 Available online 31 December 2008 Keywords: Snake River Plain High Lava Plains Yellowstone helium isotopes mantle plume We report new He, Nd and Sr isotope

  12. New Metrics for Comparison of Taxonomies Reveal Striking Discrepancies among Species Delimitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vences, Miguel

    outcomes depending on the species criteria applied, but methods should be chosen that minimize-gene coalescence statistics, assignment tests or other rationales related to nuclear DNA (nDNA) allele sharing in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript

  13. The Varying Role of po- in the Grammaticalization of Slavic Aspectual Systems: Sequences of Events, Delimitatives, and German Language Contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickey, Stephen M.

    2011-01-01

    ;#23;I#28;#31;"#24;$#25;#24;#22;(#24;I"#20;%&9DI D THE VARYING ROLE OF PO- IN THE GRAMMATICALIZATION OF SLAVIC ASPECTUAL SYSTEMS 179 D >2?D #20;9D #12;9D#7;9D#29;#24;D%D#$#24;#23;!#29;#28; D#23;#24;#31;" D&"("$!#24;#26;#20;D(",#28;#31;#20;D&$.#28...;#31;#11;D"#21;D#23;#24;#30;#31;#28;#22;"9D &$"#30;D#29;#24;D,#20;&"D##20;#23;#24;#31;#11;9D#15;",#28;#31;"D#29;#24;D#"!#24;%$#24;.#24;!#30;"D#12;#11;#15;#6;#14;#8;#2; #11;#6;D/#24;D !#24;#30;#20;#29;D #24;&$"(9D#8;#24;#23; D#29;#24;D(",#28;#31;"D%D#12...

  14. CONTRATTO COLLETTIVO NAZIONALE DI LAVORO DEL PERSONALE DEL COMPARTO DEL SERVIZIO SANITARIO NAZIONALE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sproston, Jeremy

    personale infermieristico e tecnico di radiologia; - Dopo il comma 3 sono inseriti i seguenti commi 3bis e 3

  15. Universit degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" Via A. Gramsci, 53, 00197 Roma (sede provvisoria) -P.IVA 02133771002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ­ secondo quanto disposto dall'art. 3, comma 76, L. n. 244/2007; - Precedenti esperienze di verifica sismica

  16. MINISTERO DELL'ISTRUZIONE, DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA DECRETO 10 agosto 2011 , n. 168

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    incentivare la qualita' e l'efficienza del sistema universitario e, in particolare, l'articolo 6, comma 9 il

  17. A SOAP Web Service for accessing MODIS land product subsets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SanthanaVannan, Suresh K; Cook, Robert B; Pan, Jerry Yun; Wilson, Bruce E

    2011-01-01

    Remote sensing data from satellites have provided valuable information on the state of the earth for several decades. Since March 2000, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor on board NASA s Terra and Aqua satellites have been providing estimates of several land parameters useful in understanding earth system processes at global, continental, and regional scales. However, the HDF-EOS file format, specialized software needed to process the HDF-EOS files, data volume, and the high spatial and temporal resolution of MODIS data make it difficult for users wanting to extract small but valuable amounts of information from the MODIS record. To overcome this usability issue, the NASA-funded Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) for Biogeochemical Dynamics at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) developed a Web service that provides subsets of MODIS land products using Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). The ORNL DAAC MODIS subsetting Web service is a unique way of serving satellite data that exploits a fairly established and popular Internet protocol to allow users access to massive amounts of remote sensing data. The Web service provides MODIS land product subsets up to 201 x 201 km in a non-proprietary comma delimited text file format. Users can programmatically query the Web service to extract MODIS land parameters for real time data integration into models, decision support tools or connect to workflow software. Information regarding the MODIS SOAP subsetting Web service is available on the World Wide Web (WWW) at http://daac.ornl.gov/modiswebservice.

  18. Yuan & al. Phylogeny of Clerodendrum and allied generaTAXON 59 (1) February 2010: 125133 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmstead, Richard

    ­133 INTRODUCTION The genus Clerodendrum L. as delimited by nineteenth- century botanists (Schauer, 1847; Briquet

  19. Satzung zur Aufhebung der Satzung der Universitt Stuttgart ber Studiengebhren in nicht-konsekutiven postgradualen Studiengngen und zur Feststellung von

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyle, Uwe

    and Structures (COMMAS) Artikel 3: Änderung der Prüfungsordnung für den Masterstudiengang Geoinformatics ,,konsekutiv" ersetzt. Artikel 3: Änderung der Prüfungsordnung für den Masterstudiengang Geoinformatics Engineering (GEOENGINE) #12;Die Prüfungsordnung für den Masterstudiengang Geoinformatics Engineering

  20. Teaching & Learning Enhancement Fund 2016/2017 Letter of Intent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michelson, David G.

    (s), affiliation(s), and email, separated by commas (e.g. Jane Doe, Associate Professor, History, Faculty of Arts, jane.doe@ubc.ca). Department Head Approval Does the Principal Applicant's Department Head (or

  1. RELAZIONE DEL NUCLEO DI VALUTAZIONE DELL'UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO -BICOCCA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    'amministrazione, la finanza e la contabilità, art. 32, comma 2. Pagina 1 di 3 #12;Il Nucleo di Valutazione ha Amministrativo, che, entro la fine del 2005, l'Ateneo potrà disporre di un bilancio economico per centri di costo

  2. Disposizione n. 2437/2014 Prot. n. 0032296 del 30/05/2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    Finanza e la Contabilità dell'Ateneo, emanato con Decreto Rettorale del 23/07/2002; VISTO il Decreto comma 7-bis del succitato art. 66, che prevede il rimborso, a carico dell'aggiudicatario, del costo

  3. RELAZIONE DEL NUCLEO DI VALUTAZIONE DELL'UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO -BICOCCA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Ottobre 1999, n. 370, art.1 comma 1e Regolamento d'Ateneo per l'amministrazione, la finanza e la propria convinzione circa la necessità che l'Ateneo produca un bilancio economico per centri di costo ed

  4. Repertorio n. 143/2014 Prot. N. 14366 del 07/05/2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    'Amministrazione, la Finanza e la Contabilità" del Politecnico di Milano, e in particolare gli artt. 20, comma terzo'ottimizzazione energetica e di costo chilometrico in veicoli dotati di range-extender nell'ambito del progetto "Controllo

  5. Universit degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" Segreteria amministrativa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    Biotecnologia ­ UEM, Mozambico" AID9397" Ai sensi dell' art 18 comma 1 lett. b Legge 240/2010, non possono tecnico scientifica in biotecnologia e microbiologia, esperienza almeno decennale nel coordinamento e

  6. 1. Those whom studied the most had the highest scores on the final exam. A. "Whom" should be replaced with "who."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    in agriculture is the best weapons against hunger and poverty." A. "Investments" should be replaced with "investing." B. The comma after "poverty" should go on the outside of the quotation mark. C. "Weapons" should

  7. Psycho? Logical? Bulletin! Department Kick Ball (pg 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    are like feathers on a snake. The passive voice is to be ignored. Eliminate commas, that are, not necessary in the Kotovsky attic. They are planning an open house next weekend. You can enter through the hole off the gutter

  8. Rainfall Manipulation Plot Study (RaMPS)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Blair, John [Kansas State University; Fay, Phillip [USDA-ARS; Knapp, Alan [Colorado State University; Collins, Scott [University of New Mexico; Smith, Melinda [Yale University

    Data sets are available as ASCII files, in Excel spreadsheets, and in SAS format. (Taken from http://www.konza.ksu.edu/ramps/backgrnd.html

  9. This annex describes which file format types are valid for each form or function in the import and export processes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrahams, I. David

    and export processes. Import MS MS Delimited XML Excel Access RAE2001 text EN RM RTF Research and export formats #12;Export MS MS Delimited XML Excel Access RAE2001 text EN RM RTF Research

  10. Rutgers Editorial Style Guide Department of University Communications and Marketing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    Locations 5 ­ Queen's College and Old Queens 6 ­ School and College Names 7 ­ Acronyms/Initialisms (School Spellings, Capitalizations, Usage 28 Punctuation 34 ­ Bulleted and Numbered Lists 34 ­ Commas 35 ­ Dashes of predetermined guidelines can also save those individuals the time and energy required to develop their own

  11. From Field Notes Towards a Knowledge Base Piroska Lendvai, Steve Hunt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tilburg, Universiteit van

    . Introduction Besides housing collections of artifacts, cultural heritage institutions such as museums store machine learning tech- niques, to create several components of a knowledge base. The main softwares used In this example, the first unit up to the first comma com- prises the name of the animal collected, the next two

  12. NATIONAL AERONAUTlcr ANn SPACE ADMINISTRATION Apollo Lunar Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    EXPERIMENT SUPRATHERMAL ION DETECTOR ·COLD-CATHODE ION GAGE ·SOLAR WIND SPECTROMETER ·CHARGED and '" / Analysis (Off-Line) , ........!\\ ~,apes I L 7 \\ ~ High-Speed Data ... Comma,nds / L _ )( /' Wide ANGULAR RATE IN ELLIPTICAL ORBIT AROUND EARTH ± 6.5° LUNAR LATITUDE DUE TO: INCLINATION OF MOON'S ROTATION

  13. GAZZETTA UFFICIALE DELLA REPUBBLICA ITALIANA1-8-2014 5a Serie speciale -n. 87

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    la relativa copertura finanziaria III.1.3) Ammessa la partecipazione di RTI/consorzi/GEIE/Reti di messi a disposizione dalla stazione appaltante. In caso di RTI, Consorzi ordinari, GEIE, Reti di Imprese internazionale ai sensi dell'art. 75, comma 7 D. Lgs 163/06. In caso di RTI e Consorzi Ordinari costituendi la

  14. Outlook export contacts and groups Migrate Outlook Contacts to gmail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Outlook export contacts and groups Migrate Outlook Contacts to gmail 1. In Outlook 2007 on the File menu, click Import and Export. 1a. For Outlook 2010 on the File menu, click Open, then Import 2. Click Export to a file, and then click Next. #12;3. Click Comma Separated Values (Windows), and then click Next

  15. United States Home Information Center | Customer Support | Site Map Track Shipments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartholdi III, John J.

    United States Home Information Center | Customer Support | Site Map Search Track Shipments Detailed results (optional) Enter your email, submit up to three email addresses (separated by commas), add yourEx | Investor Relations | Careers | fedex.com Terms of Use | Privacy Policy This site is protected by copyright

  16. AROF Disposizione n. 4343 del 29.10.2014 IL DIRETTORE DELL'AREA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    presso il Servizio POP'S a partire dal 01.11.2014; #12;DISPONE Art. 1 - Sono approvati gli atti relativi occasionale da attivare presso il Servizio POP'S; Art. 2 ­ Viene approvata la seguente graduatoria di meritoAROF Disposizione n. 4343 del 29.10.2014 IL DIRETTORE DELL'AREA VISTO l'art. 7, comma 6 del D

  17. Finding Music In The Libraries' Online Catalog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    -order with no comma. cage John Advanced Search Enter terms, combine them as you need, and click Enter Terms Choose" in Keyword search to retrieve only books and scores. %%%% Generic Terms, e.g. sonata or symphony, should PantherCat Screen Choose Search Level Choose Search Type Type Search Phrase verdi and opera and "4

  18. Renewable Natural Gas (Biomethane)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    to Landfill Owner $6.18 Total Cost Per MMBtu #12;Index Price of Natural Gas NYMEX Natural Gas Futures PricesRenewable Natural Gas (Biomethane) #12;Critical Barriers Impeding RNG as a Transportation Fuel-developer of largest RNG production project in U.S. at McCommas Bluff Landfill in Dallas, Texas · Chairman and co

  19. 2015, ProQuest, LLC All rights reserved 1 Funding Field Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    of the database. After seeing how your term is used in your retrieved records, you may wish to try entering. Numbers must be entered without dollar signs and without commas. For example, to search on the amount $12,000, enter 12000. The search engine will not correctly search on $12,000, $12000, or 12,000. Entering a value

  20. Smart Structures and Systems, Vol. 6, No. 5-6 (2010) 675-687 675 Ultra low-power active wireless sensor for structural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Dong S.

    2010-01-01

    , holes, corrosion, collusions, delimitations, and loose joints, and can be applied to various kinds of infrastructures such as buildings, railroads, windmills, bridges and aircrafts. A *Corresponding Author, Professor

  1. Review: Environnement et Écosociété: Histoire, acteurs, économie, gestion, droit, patrimoine, santé et sécurité publique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laberge, Yves

    2015-01-01

    and delimitations) of sustainable development (pp. 201-209).The first entry on sustainable development begins with athe main concepts of sustainable development (prevention,

  2. How to run SIESTA SUMMER SCHOOL ON COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolic, Branislav K.

    binary (vps) · Formatted ASCII (.psf): more transportable and readable #12;Siesta package: (Siesta package: (underunder licenselicense)) · Src: Sources of the Siesta code · Docs: Documentation and user. · Labels are case insensitive and characters `-´ , `_´, `.´ are ignored: LatticeConstant is equivalent

  3. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 0.5 1 0 50 100 150 200 250 u (ms) Time (s) z 0.125m z 0.425m * Developed in Matlab * Input: instantaneous velocity timeseries in ASCII format * Noise filtering methods:...

  4. Studying Geometry, Color and Texture in VRML Arzu Cltekin Arzu.Coltekin@hut.fi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Çöltekin, Arzu

    on the format of Open Inventor by Silicon Graphics. It is object oriented. It has a lot of conversion programs and it is a simple ASCII file format. VRML has the most common aspects of Open Inventor. Namely: · Basic Shapes

  5. WinEdt and LATEX Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spalsbury, Angela

    and history papers, or anything that needs to be written. The software WinEdt is used to produce ASCII assume that you have high speed (not dialup) internet connection. The advantage of the internet

  6. Brief annual activities report The GoAmazon 2014 project was established at the Manacapuru field site (T3) in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and his collaborators and students (Figure 5). The T3 site is now delimited at the EXATA farm land winds is represented by the yellow inset. The westward orange dot shows the location of Manacapuru fence PM at the field supervising the fence construction Fence and gate done. The one hectare delimited

  7. Updown numbers and the initial monomials of the slope variety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeremy L.; Wagner, Jennifer D.

    2009-01-01

    . For integers m ? n, we put [n] = {1,2,...,n} and [m,n] = {m,m + 1,...,n}. The set of all permutations of an integer set P will be denoted SP, and the nth symmetric group is Sn (= S[n]). We will write each permutation w ? SP as a word with n = |P| digits, w = w1......wn, where {w1,...,wn} = P. If necessary for clarity, we will separate the digits with commas. Concatenation will also be denoted with commas; for instance, if w = 12 and w? = 34, then (w,w?,5) = 12345. The reversal w? of w1w2...wn?1wn is the word wnwn...

  8. A visual simulation playground for engineering dynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Donald Brian

    2008-10-10

    Visual display of o set from local coordinate system : : : : : : : : : 44 30 Comma-separated values in Excel : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 45 31 Tutorial for spring-mass system : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 47 viii LIST OF TABLES... also includes user documentation and tutorials, providing users with a resource that is always available when they run into a roadblock while using the software. Figure 31 displays a screenshot of a step-by-step tutorial on how to create a spring...

  9. Journal of the Waterbird Society Dr. Keith A. Hobson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canada 11 Innovation Blvd. Saskatoon, SK S7N 3H5 Canada Internet: Keith.Hobson@ec.gc.ca Dear Author: Your by telephone (306) 975-4102 or the Internet: Keith.Hobson@ec.gc.ca. You will receive a bill for the costs Period sc Small capital; put 2 lines under letter or word , Comma lc Lower-case letter; put oblique line

  10. This article was downloaded by:[Umea University Library] On: 23 August 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribera, Ignacio

    complex, Ilybius minakawai n. sp., is described from the Island of Sakhalin in the Russian far east. Male, Ilybius angustior, new species, Holarctic, mitochondrial DNA, species delimitation, Sakhalin Introduction

  11. Use of frequency analysis methods to estimate growth of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L. 1758) in the Gulf of Cadiz (SW Spain)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    of CaÂdiz which is delimited by the mouth of the river Guadiana in Ayamonte (Huelva) and the Cape and ®sheries in the Bay of Biscay (Santiago and Eltink, 1988; Lucio et al., 1989; Lucio and Uriarte, 1990

  12. Taxonomy, Phylogenetics, Comparative Morphology and Evolution of Assassin Bugs (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) With Emphasis on Harpactorinae and Peiratinae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guanyang

    2012-01-01

    2005. The unholy trinity: taxonomy, species delimitation and2006. DNA barcoding and taxonomy in diptera: A tale of high>. Schatz, G. E. 2002. Taxonomy and herbaria in service of

  13. Reverse Auction Bidding - Bid Arrivals Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Shu

    2013-08-06

    statistical model, some special phenomena like ?early bidding? and ?bid sniping? can be examined in future studies. Limitations and Delimitation The limitations noted in the prior case studies are: ? The experiment of this study was restricted...

  14. ESRI Press Guide for Writers Preparing your manuscript

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    ESRI Press Guide for Writers ESRI PRESS TM Preparing your manuscript x Work in your favorite word native application format (e.g., Microsoft Word) or as ASCII text. ESRI Press 380 New York Street; registration is pending in the European Community. The ESRI Press logo is a trademark and www

  15. Proceedings of COLING 2012: Demonstration Papers, pages 313320, COLING 2012, Mumbai, December 2012.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of COLING 2012: Demonstration Papers, pages 313­320, COLING 2012, Mumbai, December 2012 based fonts. A problem with ASCII fonts for Punjabi is there is no standardisation of mapping of Punjabi characters and a Gurmukhi character may be internally mapped to different keys in different Punjabi fonts

  16. LNCS Forthcoming Proceedings 2015/2016 Springer 30th June, 2015 Page 1 of 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    - ical form as plain ASCII text; · see also the map of world occurrence of LNCS/LNAI/LNBI published, Australia MMM 2015 08-10 Mumbai, India ICLA 2015 10-12 Lisbon, Portugal ICAART 2015 (ICPRAM 2015) 10-12 Lisbon, Portugal ICPRAM 2015 (ICAART 2015) 12-14 Mumbai, India VMCAI 2015 (POPL 2015) 12-15 Lille, France

  17. The "FISH" Quad Hand Sensor Physics and Media Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The "FISH" Quad Hand Sensor Physics and Media Group MIT Media Laboratory 20 Ames Street E15 OF CONTENTS ----------------- 1. ASCII SERIAL FISH PROTOCAL 2. HOW TO MAKE FISH ANTENNA 3. CALIBRATION SOFTWARE INSTALLATION 4. HOW TO CALIBRATE A FISH 5. COMPONENT PLACEMENT 6. SCHEMATICS 7. PARTS LIST HOW

  18. Working with GAMS Vikas Argod

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

    Display statement (optional) Echo Print Reference Maps Equation Listings Status Reports Results #12;blend;Blend_model.gms: variables variables tot_cost total cost in $ x(i) fraction of each Gasoline set ; Every_input_filename is an ASCII file with GAMS commands and has an extension `.gms' e.g. blend_model.gms · Command to run GAMS

  19. October 21, 1999 1 POS-A Assignment 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Francis C.M.

    1 October 21, 1999 1 POS-A Assignment 1 Tutorial Solution & Common Mistakes October 21, 1999 2 be output. #12;2 October 21, 1999 3 Skeleton of the solution open input file. check if the file is an ASCII(Found) Output Result; } close input file. Go to common mistakes October 21, 1999 4 How to open a file? - Use

  20. PREDICTIVE YASIR: HIGH SECURITY WITH LOWER LATENCY IN LEGACY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Sean W.

    hydro-electric power station consists of a con- trol center on the bank and a substation on the dam secure operations in legacy industrial control networks, such as power grid net- works. Previous it in the Scalable Simu- lation Framework and testing it on Modbus/ASCII protocol, which is widely used in the power

  1. Circumsolar Radiation Data: The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Reduced Data Base

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Note that each data set is composed of 20 lines of information with each line consistingof 77 characters. These are archived ASCII files. [Information on sites, number of data sets, etc. taken from the online publication (out of print) at http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/pubs/circumsolar/index.html

  2. Animating Humans on Handheld Devices for Interactive Gaming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Sullivan, Carol

    in tan- dem will want to know whether there is a no- ticeable `pop' on the transition from one- der large crowds in real-time. The crowds pop- ulate a city, as in Dobbyn et al. [2], who also in multiple levels of de- tail, right down to the level of Ascii art, and the appropriate representation

  3. The HIPPO (HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations) study of the carbon cycle and greenhouse gases measured meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and aerosol constituents along transects from approximately pole-to-pole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .) · Ancillary flight information, field catalogs, data quality reports, software, and documentation · Pole products and user documentation. Files are in ASCII text format. Products include: · A comprehensive merged structure data: 1) greenhouse gases and carbon cycle gases, 2) ozone and water vapor, 3) black carbon

  4. 13-02-26 20:29Exercise 3: Memory Accesses (U.Crete, CS-225) Page 1 of 4http://www.ics.forth.gr/~kateveni/225/13a/ex03_mem.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markatos, Evangelos P.

    ( , buf[0]), 1 (byte). L, 'k' buf[0] 16, 'a' buf[1] 17, ... "endian-ness integer. "endian-ness" -- -- .. string integer, integer string. endian-ness ' . , (.. ftp) (ASCII strings), bytes . (.. 32- ) endian-ness, : k, a, t, e e, t

  5. Language: English Search: ZMATHMSC 2000Serials Contact Subscription

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    by conjugate algebraic numbers in fields of transcendence degree one. (English) [J] Int. J. Number Theory 1, No of irrationality and of transcendence Citations: Zbl 1055.11043 PDF XML ASCII DVI PS BibTeX Online Ordering Link Search 1 OpenURL Zbl pre05074489 Waldschmidt, Michel Transcendence of periods: the state of the art

  6. Title: China Dimensions Data Collection Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    holds wide range of natural science and socioeconomic research and educational activities of China Digital Data Format: Arc Info, TwinBridge Based MS Access, SPSS, ASCII, dBase IV Datum / Map Projection: N Network (CIESIN). "China Dimensions Data Collection" [electronic resource: vector]. Palisades, New York

  7. CS429, Fall 2012 Data Lab: Manipulating Bits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witchel, Emmett

    them. 2 Logistics This is an individual project. All handins are electronic. ClarificationsXor(x,y) Compute x XOR y. 1 14 reverseBytes(x) Reverse the bytes of x. 3 25 isAsciiDigit(x) Does x represent

  8. Conservation Genetics of the Philippine Tarsier: Cryptic Genetic Variation Restructures Conservation Priorities for an Island Archipelago Primate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rafe M.; Weghorst, Jennifer; Olson, Karen V.; Duya, Mariano R. M.; Barley, Anthony J.; Duya, Malizar V.; Shekelle, Myron; Neri-Aboleda, Irene; Esselstyn, Jacob Aaron; Dominy, Nathaniel J.; Ong, Perry S.; Moritz, Gillian L.; Luczon, Adrian; Diesmos, Mae Lowe L.; Diesmos, Arvin C.; Siler, Cameron David

    2014-08-19

    change in Philippine sun skinks. Evolution 67: 3556–3572. doi:10.1111/evo.12219. 21. Esselstyn JA, Evans BJ, Sedlock JL, Khan FAA, Heaney LR (2012) Single-locus species delimitation: a test of the mixed Yule–coalescent model, with an empirical application... change in Philippine sun skinks. Evolution 67: 3556–3572. doi:10.1111/evo.12219. 21. Esselstyn JA, Evans BJ, Sedlock JL, Khan FAA, Heaney LR (2012) Single-locus species delimitation: a test of the mixed Yule–coalescent model, with an empirical application...

  9. GSOD Based Daily Global Mean Surface Temperature and Mean Sea Level Air Pressure (1982-2011)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Xuan Shi, Dali Wang

    This data product contains all the gridded data set at 1/4 degree resolution in ASCII format. Both mean temperature and mean sea level air pressure data are available. It also contains the GSOD data (1982-2011) from NOAA site, contains station number, location, temperature and pressures (sea level and station level). The data package also contains information related to the data processing methods

  10. {ldalove,jbyoo}@konkuk.ac.kr pSET2TC6: A Translation Tool to Standardize the Output Format

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pSET : pSET2TC6 O , {ldalove,jbyoo}@konkuk.ac.kr pSET2TC6: A Translation Tool' . PLCVerifier pSET PLCopen XML pSET2TC6 . . 1. pSET (POSAFE-Q Software Engineering Tool] . ASCII `*.ld' PLCopen TC6 (PLCopen Technical Commit 6) [8] XML . 2011 Vol.38, No.2(B) #12

  11. MATHEMATISCHES INSTITUT DER UNIVERSITAT MUNCHEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forster, Otto

    the text "CFB mode", hexadecimal 4346 4220 6D6F 6465 by the 8-bit variant of CFB mode of fK with initial vector iv = AB56 and key K = 8BED (hexadecimal notation). A specification of the r-bit variant of CFB ASCII text in 8-bit CFB mode of fK with the same initial vector as in b) but with an unknown key K C9CF

  12. GSOD Based Daily Global Mean Surface Temperature and Mean Sea Level Air Pressure (1982-2011)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Xuan Shi, Dali Wang

    2014-05-05

    This data product contains all the gridded data set at 1/4 degree resolution in ASCII format. Both mean temperature and mean sea level air pressure data are available. It also contains the GSOD data (1982-2011) from NOAA site, contains station number, location, temperature and pressures (sea level and station level). The data package also contains information related to the data processing methods

  13. SPOCS User Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis, Darren S.; Phillips, Aaron R.; McCue, Lee Ann

    2013-04-15

    SPOCS implements a graph-based ortholog prediction method to generate a simple tab-delimited table of orthologs, and in addition, html files that provide a visualization of the ortholog/paralog relationships to which gene/protein expression metadata may be overlaid.

  14. Optimal Movement of Mobile Sensors for Barrier Coverage of a Planar Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kranakis, Evangelos

    or for reporting various types of activities and events. Another impor- tant application concerns critical security critical infrastructure facilities and ge- ographic delimiters (chemical plants, forests, etc). As a matter that a point is covered by a sensor if it is within its range. In this paper we will use the concept of barrier

  15. Optimal Movement of Mobile Sensors for Barrier Coverage of a Planar Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kranakis, Evangelos

    or for reporting various types of activities and events. Another impor- tant application concerns critical security critical infrastructure facilities and ge- ographic delimiters (chemical plants, forests, etc). Since, we say that a point is covered by a sensor if it is within its range. In this paper we will use

  16. Thermal and lighting performance of toplighting systems in the hot and humid climate of Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harntaweewongsa, Siritip

    2006-10-30

    3.10 Scale model materials and reflectance values................................................ 45 5.1 Horizontal exterior illuminance (HEI) level generated from RADIANCE .. 99 5.2 Single unit prototype: illuminance gradient comparison................................................................ 5 1.4.2. Delimitations ............................................................ 5 1.5. Organization of the Thesis ................................................... 6 II REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE...

  17. A Science Servica Feature Beleased upon receipt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talman, Authority on Meteoroloa. When is it autumn? The astronomers t e l l us the sea~onbegan this year on September 23 at 12:46 p m . , eastern standard time. !The program of autumnal events in the heavens. lfautu,mllsnbesides the astronomical one, which is delimited by the equinox and the solstice. Popularly

  18. Evaluation Data of a High Temperature COTS Flash Memory Module (TI SM28VLT32) for Use in Geothermal Electronics Packages

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Cashion, Avery

    The accompanying raw data is composslection. Each file is 3 columns and tab-delimited with the first column being the data address, the second column being the first byte of the data, and the third column being the second byte of the data.

  19. Evaluation Data of a High Temperature COTS Flash Memory Module (TI SM28VLT32) for Use in Geothermal Electronics Packages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cashion, Avery

    2014-08-29

    The accompanying raw data is composslection. Each file is 3 columns and tab-delimited with the first column being the data address, the second column being the first byte of the data, and the third column being the second byte of the data.

  20. Epicormic Schoots in a Permian Gymnosperm from Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decombeix, Anne-Laure; Taylor, Edith L.; Taylor, Thomas N.

    2010-01-01

    that contains at least 50 growth rings. The second specimen is slightly smaller (11 3 8 cm) and has 20 growth rings. Both specimens have pycnoxylic wood and produced more than 50 small shoots in a delimited zone on the surface of the trunk. Shoots have a wide...

  1. Systematics and Biodiversity 1 (2): 139143 Issued 14 August 2003 DOI: 10.1017/S1477200003001178 Printed in the United Kingdom C The Natural History Museum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Donovan

    and the web Every so often taxonomy enters the mainstream of biological discussion (Bisby et al., 2002; Gewin described (Wilson, 2000). Second, the pace of progress towards completing the encyclopedia is too slow than delimiting and describing taxa. Finally, and perhaps more cogently, the reason the encyclopedia

  2. IMPROVING WORD SEGMENTATION FOR THAI SPEECH TRANSLATION Paisarn Charoenpornsawat and Tanja Schultz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    IMPROVING WORD SEGMENTATION FOR THAI SPEECH TRANSLATION Paisarn Charoenpornsawat and Tanja Schultz, Japanese, or Thai which provide no word segmentation, i.e. the text has no word boundary delimiter. For Thai word segmentation, Maximal Matching, a lexicon-based approach, is one of the popular methods

  3. A Bottom-up Merging Algorithm for Chinese Unknown Word Extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Bottom-up Merging Algorithm for Chinese Unknown Word Extraction Wei-Yun Ma Institute, Academia Sinica kchen@iis.sinica.edu.tw Abstract Statistical methods for extracting Chinese unknown words of characters with no delimiters to mark word boundaries. Therefore the initial step for Chinese processing

  4. Intrusion Experiments to Measure Territory Size: Development of the Method, Tests through Simulations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ringler, Eva

    .pone.0025844 Editor: Brock Fenton, University of Western Ontario, Canada Received June 17, 2011; Accepted unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source exclusive use, which is announced and delimited by visual, acoustic, chemical and/or electric cues. In most

  5. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural1351324912000101 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79 as anchors that delimit the search space. We use a large monolingual corpus to rank and filter

  6. GENERALIZING DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELSFOR SMALL SCALE HYPSOMETRIC LEONOWICZ A.(1), JENNYB.(2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenny, Bernhard

    , generalisation was applied to the contour lines delimiting hypsometric tints and followed well defined guidelines to production cartographers does not adequately address this topic. Although simple methods exist to remove, conducting research to automate the removal of unwanted details from terrain is highly relevant. This paper

  7. An analysis of the relationship of selected factors to part-time and full-time farming in state economic area VIII of Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Charles Homer

    1962-01-01

    dowwatd sittcc eI19 Did-eoreics Basod on 9 dive-yos ~~ avorzy. , uot illccxsl por ebcusand dGl lars ittvosecd setotsieod t;0 plat xn 19@9 Ily 1955, ebis iieurc bsd dcclinod e. i, ', ~&. bc 19, 9 ' Geu' c po ebcuscnd dolls' 8 itlvoctod r3E. ' tbo svcra... to point ~ in turnp 'tv s Qsod for additi'Jnal racoarcb . n this sub)oct ln other I;ooffrapbic a~ to doter~inc ulIot!mr ary patterns ot' did:orcncoc on such ub)oc ivo cbsmctsristies c. . ist bcWocn port. -tftm and . "'nil-than Comma. Tf...

  8. Bread: CDC 7600 program that processes Spent Fuel Test Climax data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hage, G.L.

    1983-04-01

    BREAD will process a family of files copied from a data tape made by Hewlett-Packard equipment employed for data acquisition on the Spent Fuel Test-Climax at NTS. Tapes are delivered to Livermore approximately monthly. The process at this stage consists of four steps: read the binary files and convert from H-P 16-bit words to CDC 7600 60-bit words; check identification and data ranges; write the data in 6-bit ASCII (BCD) format, one data point per line; then sort the file by identifier and time.

  9. A survey of selected aspects of health conditions and services in Texas, 1948 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haynes, Lemuel Lee

    1951-01-01

    the most reeve* year was listed first. The two types of graphs used were the nerve aad th? bar. Gurve graphs were used to show the trend in the birth and death xatea in Tomas for th? years '4834 1848 and to eomyare the trend in the death rate and infant... of Uvalde County, Tomas the population is between 3, 666 and 5, 6M ascii the nearest dooior is twenty-one miles away. The oitixeas of this aron informed the authClr 'aha't they were able 'to f inane' a dootor but their effcets had boon in vain in getting...

  10. Comparison of human resource management practices and perceptions of agri-business employees across three indonesian subcultures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Mark Christopher

    2009-05-15

    was then administered to personnel of 8 agri-businesses of similar size located in three geographical regions of Indonesian including West Java, Bali, and Northern Sulawesi. These regions represent the central locales of three of Indonesia?s prominent.... Delimitations This study was designed to measure agri-business employees? perceptions of human resource management practices in three Indonesian regions- Western Java, Bali, and Northern Sulawesi. The data collected in this study may not be generalizable...

  11. A Study to Increase Participation of Habitat for Humanity Affiliates in LEED for Homes Certification 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabb, Amy Elizabeth

    2013-04-30

    to find the most common points earned. Section 6 provides the conclusions and recommendations for future work. LIMITATIONS AND DELIMITATIONS This paper is focusing on studying LEED participation of Habitat for Humanity affiliates in Texas...: ? Innovation and Design ? Location and Linkage ? Sustainable Sites ? Water Efficiencies ? Energy and Atmosphere ? Materials and Resources ? Indoor Air Quality 8 ? Awareness and Education A maximum of 136 points can be earned with cutoffs at 45...

  12. Supporting a scholar’s online identity with VIVO and ORCiDs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilik, Violeta

    2014-07-22

    OCLC: Draft Registering Researchers in Authority Files report (dated 2014-03-28) Identifiers and Profiles in bibliographic records – new developments Plug in ORCiD identifier and any other identifier (ISNI, VIAF) in Name Authority Records in 024... field with delimiter |2 qualifier value of orcid, isni, viaf … Example on Eric Childress NAR: http://errol.oclc.org/laf/no2005-43559.html July 17, 2014 Identifiers and Profiles in bibliographic records – new developments July 17, 2014...

  13. Analyzing the anomalous dipole moment type couplings of heavy quarks with FCNC interactions at the CLIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. T. Tasci; A. Senol; C. Verep

    2014-04-10

    In this study we examine both anomalous magnetic and dipole moment type couplings of a heavy quark via its single production with subsequent dominant Standard Model decay modes at the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC). The signal and background cross sections are analyzed for heavy quark masses 600 and 700 GeV. We make the analysis to delimitate these couplings as well as to find the attainable integrated luminosities or 3$\\sigma$ observation limit.

  14. Language Transition Notes In future courses, and in problem solving in general, one is expected to understand the fundamentals of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulp, Errin W.

    declaration syntax for variables Instead of Dim x As Integer you may see int x; Line delimiters to indicate of Function Square(ByVal x As Integer) As Integer Dim intAnswer As Integer intAnswer = x * x #12;Return intAnswer End Function you may see int Square(int x) // returnvalue Name(inputs) { int intAnswer; intAnswer = x

  15. LATEX Mathematical Symbols The more unusual symbols are not defined in base LATEX (NFSS) and require \\usepackage{amssymb}

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finotti, Luís Renato Abib

    ] ] \\downarrow \\urcorner Use the pair \\lefts1 and \\rights2 to match height of delimiters s1 and s2 to the height of their contents, e.g., \\left| expr \\right| \\left\\{ expr \\right\\} \\left\\Vert expr \\right. 4 Variable-sized symbols in Roman, not Italic, e.g., Correct: \\tan(at-n\\pi) - tan(at - n) Incorrect: tan(at-n\\pi) - tan(at - n

  16. National Spill Test Technology Database

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Sheesley, David [Western Research Institute

    Western Research Institute established, and ACRC continues to maintain, the National Spill Technology database to provide support to the Liquified Gaseous Fuels Spill Test Facility (now called the National HAZMAT Spill Center) as directed by Congress in Section 118(n) of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA). The Albany County Research Corporation (ACRC) was established to make publicly funded data developed from research projects available to benefit public safety. The founders since 1987 have been investigating the behavior of toxic chemicals that are deliberately or accidentally spilled, educating emergency response organizations, and maintaining funding to conduct the research at the DOEÆs HAZMAT Spill Center (HSC) located on the Nevada Test Site. ACRC also supports DOE in collaborative research and development efforts mandated by Congress in the Clean Air Act Amendments. The data files are results of spill tests conducted at various times by the Silicones Environmental Health and Safety Council (SEHSC) and DOE, ANSUL, Dow Chemical, the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) and DOE, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), OSHA, and DOT; DuPont, and the Western Research Institute (WRI), Desert Research Institute (DRI), and EPA. Each test data page contains one executable file for each test in the test series as well as a file named DOC.EXE that contains information documenting the test series. These executable files are actually self-extracting zip files that, when executed, create one or more comma separated value (CSV) text files containing the actual test data or other test information.

  17. Flexible collapse-resistant and length-stable vaccum hose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kashy, David H.

    2003-08-19

    A hose for containing a vacuum, which hose has an impermeable flexible tube capable of holding a vacuum and a braided or interwoven flexible interior wall, said wall providing support to said interior wall of said impermeable flexible tube. Optionally, an exterior braided or woven wall may be provided to the hose for protection or to allow the hose to be used as a pressure hose. The hose may delimit a vacuum space through which may travel a thermal transfer line containing, for example, cryogenic fluid.

  18. Electrode With Porous Three-Dimensional Support

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernard, Patrick (Massy, FR); Dauchier, Jean-Michel (Martignas, FR); Simonneau, Olivier (Dourdan, FR)

    1999-07-27

    Electrode including a paste containing particles of electrochemically active material and a conductive support consisting of a three-dimensional porous material comprising strands delimiting contiguous pores communicating via passages, characterized in that the average width L in .mu.m of said passages is related to the average diameter .O slashed. in .mu.m of said particles by the following equation, in which W and Y are dimensionless coefficients: wherein W=0.16 Y=1.69 X=202.4 .mu.m and Z=80 .mu.m

  19. Rapid automatic keyword extraction for information retrieval and analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rose, Stuart J (Richland, WA); Cowley,; Wendy E (Richland, WA); Crow, Vernon L (Richland, WA); Cramer, Nicholas O (Richland, WA)

    2012-03-06

    Methods and systems for rapid automatic keyword extraction for information retrieval and analysis. Embodiments can include parsing words in an individual document by delimiters, stop words, or both in order to identify candidate keywords. Word scores for each word within the candidate keywords are then calculated based on a function of co-occurrence degree, co-occurrence frequency, or both. Based on a function of the word scores for words within the candidate keyword, a keyword score is calculated for each of the candidate keywords. A portion of the candidate keywords are then extracted as keywords based, at least in part, on the candidate keywords having the highest keyword scores.

  20. Chaos synchronization in long-range coupled map lattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Anteneodo; A. M. Batista; R. L. Viana

    2004-01-22

    We investigate the synchronization phenomenon in coupled chaotic map lattices where the couplings decay with distance following a power-law. Depending on the lattice size, the coupling strength and the range of the interactions, complete chaos synchronization may be attained. The synchronization domain in parameter space can be analytically delimited by means of the condition of negativity of the largest transversal Lyapunov exponent. Here we analyze in detail the role of all the system parameters in the ability of the lattice to achieve complete synchronization, testing analytical results with the outcomes of numerical experiments.

  1. Harnessing Museum Resources for the Census of Marine Life: The FISHNET Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vieglais, David A.; Wiley, Edward O.; Robins, C. Richard; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2000-01-01

    l l l l l l l l l l l11 I I I ~ i i I I I rTI II \\ [ I I i l l foedt°theclientc°mputerinavarie~°frmats: HTML, XML,- tab-dehmded'~'~ . . . . . . . . . . . E ~ 1111 t l l ~ ~ ( r iG V), Excel spread ,heet$, and shape " - lesfor GIS... Information System (ITIS), GenBank, and the Zoological Record. In addi- tion, the user has a number of options for downloading data; as HTML files, Excel '~' files, text delimited files, and GIS shapefiles for use in applications such as ExceF and ESRI...

  2. A Participatory Universe of J. A. Wheeler as an Intentional Correlate of Embodied Subjects and an Example of Purposiveness in Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexei V. Nesteruk

    2013-03-28

    This paper investigates the role of human subjectivity and its delimiters in articulating the universe in physics and cosmology. As a case study, we reflect upon the complex of ideas of the so called Participatory Universe by later J. A. Wheeler. The objective of the paper is to explicate the role of the human agency as a centre of disclosure and manifestation of the universe as well the as teleology of scientific representation of the world implied by the intrinsic purposiveness of human actions.

  3. Gauge Configurations for Lattice QCD from The Gauge Connection

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Gauge Connection is an experimental archive for lattice QCD and a repository of gauge configurations made freely available to the community. Contributors to the archive include the Columbia QCDSP collaboration, the MILC collaboration, and others. Configurations are stored in QCD archive format, consisting of an ASCII header which defines various parameters, followed by binary data. NERSC has also provided some utilities and examples that will aid users in handling the data. Users may browse the archive, but are required to register for a password in order to download data. Contents of the archive are organized under four broad headings: Quenched (more than 1200 configurations); Dynamical, Zero Temperature (more than 300 configurations); MILC Improved Staggered Asqtad Lattices (more than 7000 configurations); and Dynamical, Finite Temperature (more than 1200 configurations)

  4. Library of high and mid-resolution spectra in the CaII H & K, H{alpha}, H{beta}, NaI D{1}, D{2}, and HeI D{3} line regions of F, G, K and M field stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Montes; E. L. Martin; M. J. Fernandez-Figueroa; M. Cornide; E. De Castro

    1996-09-30

    In this work we present spectroscopic observations centered in the spectral lines most widely used as optical indicators of chromospheric activity (H{alpha}, H{beta}, Ca II H & K, and He I D{3}) in a sample of F, G, K and M chromospherically inactive stars. The spectra have been obtained with the aim of providing a library of high and mid-resolution spectra to be used in the application of the spectral subtraction technique to obtain the active-chromosphere contribution to these lines in chromospherically active single and binary stars. This library can also be used for spectral classification purposes. A digital version with all the spectra is available via ftp and the World Wide Web (WWW) in both ASCII and FITS formats

  5. Precision Control of Multiple Quantum Cascade Lasers for Calibration Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taubman, Matthew S.; Myers, Tanya L.; Pratt, Richard M.; Stahl, Robert D.; Cannon, Bret D.

    2014-01-15

    We present a precision, digitally interfaced current controller for quantum cascade lasers, with demonstrated DC and modulated temperature coefficients of 1- 2 ppm/ºC and 15 ppm/ºC respectively. High linearity digital to analog converters (DACs) together with an ultra-precision voltage reference, produce highly stable, precision voltages. These are in turn selected by a low charge-injection multiplexer (MUX) chip, which are then used to set output currents via a linear current regulator. The controller is operated in conjunction with a power multiplexing unit, allowing one of three lasers to be driven by the controller while ensuring protection of controller and all lasers during operation, standby and switching. Simple ASCII commands sent over a USB connection to a microprocessor located in the current controller operate both the controller (via the DACs and MUX chip) and the power multiplexer.

  6. Graduate student theses supported by DOE`s Environmental Sciences Division

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushman, R.M.; Parra, B.M.

    1995-07-01

    This report provides complete bibliographic citations, abstracts, and keywords for 212 doctoral and master`s theses supported fully or partly by the U.S. Department of Energy`s Environmental Sciences Division (and its predecessors) in the following areas: Atmospheric Sciences; Marine Transport; Terrestrial Transport; Ecosystems Function and Response; Carbon, Climate, and Vegetation; Information; Computer Hardware, Advanced Mathematics, and Model Physics (CHAMMP); Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM); Oceans; National Institute for Global Environmental Change (NIGEC); Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV); Integrated Assessment; Graduate Fellowships for Global Change; and Quantitative Links. Information on the major professor, department, principal investigator, and program area is given for each abstract. Indexes are provided for major professor, university, principal investigator, program area, and keywords. This bibliography is also available in various machine-readable formats (ASCII text file, WordPerfect{reg_sign} files, and PAPYRUS{trademark} files).

  7. SIMPLEV: A simple electric vehicle simulation program, Version 1.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, G.H.

    1991-06-01

    An electric vehicle simulation code which can be used with any IBM compatible personal computer was written. This general purpose simulation program is useful for performing parametric studies of electric vehicle performance on user input driving cycles. The program is run interactively and guides the user through all of the necessary inputs. Driveline components and the traction battery are described and defined by ASCII files which may be customized by the user. Scaling of these components is also possible. Detailed simulation results are plotted on the PC monitor and may also be printed on a printer attached to the PC. This report serves as a users` manual and documents the mathematical relationships used in the simulation.

  8. Walker Branch Throughfall Displacement Experiment Data Report: Site Characterization, System Performance, Weather, Species Composition, and Growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, P.J.

    2001-09-04

    This numeric data package provides data sets, and accompanying documentation, on site characterization, system performance, weather, species composition, and growth for the Throughfall Displacement Experiment, which was established in the Walker Branch Watershed of East Tennessee to provide data on the responses of forests to altered precipitation regimes. The specific data sets include soil water content and potential, coarse fraction of the soil profile, litter layer temperature, soil temperature, monthly weather, daily weather, hourly weather, species composition of trees and saplings, mature tree and sapling annual growth, and relative leaf area index. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  9. Directed transport of active particles over asymmetric energy barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Koumakis; C. Maggi; R. Di Leonardo

    2015-06-29

    We theoretically and numerically investigate the transport of active colloids to target regions, delimited by asymmetric energy barriers. We show that it is possible to introduce a generalized effective temperature that is related to the local variance of particle velocities. The stationary probability distributions can be derived from a simple diffusion equation in the presence of an inhomogeneous effective temperature resulting from the action of external force fields. In particular, transitions rates over asymmetric energy barriers can be unbalanced by having different effective temperatures over the two slopes of the barrier. By varying the type of active noise, we find that equal values of diffusivity and persistence time may produce strongly varied effective temperatures and thus stationary distributions.

  10. Minisuperspace models as infrared contributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bojowald, Martin

    2015-01-01

    A direct correspondence of quantum mechanics as a minisuperspace model for a self-interacting scalar quantum-field theory is established by computing, in several models, the infrared contributions to 1-loop effective potentials of Coleman--Weinberg type. A minisuperspace approximation rather than truncation is thereby obtained. By this approximation, the spatial averaging scale of minisuperspace models is identified with an infrared scale (but not a regulator or cut-off) delimiting the modes included in the minisuperspace model. Some versions of the models studied here have discrete space or modifications of the Hamiltonian expected from proposals of loop quantum gravity. They shed light on the question of how minisuperspace models of quantum cosmology can capture features of full quantum gravity. While it is shown that modifications of the Hamiltonian can well be described by minisuperspace truncations, some related phenomena such as signature change, confirmed and clarified here for modified scalar field th...

  11. SPOCS: Software for Predicting and Visualizing Orthology/Paralogy Relationships Among Genomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis, Darren S.; Phillips, Aaron R.; Callister, Stephen J.; Conlan, Sean; McCue, Lee Ann

    2013-10-15

    At the rate that prokaryotic genomes can now be generated, comparative genomics studies require a flexible method for quickly and accurately predicting orthologs among the rapidly changing set of genomes available. SPOCS implements a graph-based ortholog prediction method to generate a simple tab-delimited table of orthologs and in addition, html files that provide a visualization of the predicted ortholog/paralog relationships to which gene/protein expression metadata may be overlaid. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: A SPOCS web application is freely available at http://cbb.pnnl.gov/portal/tools/spocs.html. Source code for Linux systems is also freely available under an open source license at http://cbb.pnnl.gov/portal/software/spocs.html; the Boost C++ libraries and BLAST are required.

  12. Hierarchical organisation of Britain through percolation theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arcaute, Elsa; Hatna, Erez; Murcio, Roberto; Vargas-Ruiz, Camilo; Masucci, Paolo; Wang, Jiaqiu; Batty, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Urban systems present hierarchical structures at many different scales. These are observed as administrative regional delimitations, which are the outcome of geographical, political and historical constraints. Using percolation theory on the street intersections and on the road network of Britain, we obtain hierarchies at different scales that are independent of administrative arrangements. Natural boundaries, such as islands and National Parks, consistently emerge at the largest/regional scales. Cities are devised through recursive percolations on each of the emerging clusters, but the system does not undergo a phase transition at the distance threshold at which cities can be defined. This specific distance is obtained by computing the fractal dimension of the clusters extracted at each distance threshold. We observe that the fractal dimension presents a maximum over all the different distance thresholds. The clusters obtained at this maximum are in very good correspondence to the morphological definition of...

  13. VUV-VIS optical characterization of Tetraphenyl-butadiene films on glass and specular reflector substrates from room to liquid Argon temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francini, R; Nichelatti, E; Vincenti, M A; Canci, N; Segreto, E; Cavanna, F; Di Pompeo, F; Carbonara, F; Fiorillo, G; Perfetto, F

    2013-01-01

    The use of efficient wavelength-shifters from the vacuum-ultraviolet to the photosensor's range of sensitivity is a key feature in detectors for Dark Matter search and neutrino physics based on liquid argon scintillation detection. Thin film of Tetraphenyl-butadiene (TPB) deposited onto the surface delimiting the active volume of the detector and/or onto the photosensor optical window is the most common solution in current and planned experiments. Detector design and response can be evaluated and correctly simulated only when the properties of the optical system in use (TPB film + substrate) are fully understood. Characterization of the optical system requires specific, sometimes sophisticated optical methodologies. In this paper the main features of TPB coatings on different, commonly used substrates is reported, as a result of two independent campaigns of measurements at the specialized optical metrology labs of ENEA and University of Tor Vergata. Measured features include TPB emission spectra with lineshap...

  14. Bounding biomass in the Fisher equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birch, Daniel A; Young, William R

    2007-01-01

    The FKPP equation with a variable growth rate and advection by an incompressible velocity field is considered as a model for plankton dispersed by ocean currents. If the average growth rate is negative then the model has a survival-extinction transition; the location of this transition in the parameter space is constrained using variational arguments and delimited by simulations. The statistical steady state reached when the system is in the survival region of parameter space is characterized by integral constraints and upper and lower bounds on the biomass and productivity that follow from variational arguments and direct inequalities. In the limit of zero-decorrelation time the velocity field is shown to act as Fickian diffusion with an eddy diffusivity much larger than the molecular diffusivity and this allows a one-dimensional model to predict the biomass, productivity and extinction transitions. All results are illustrated with a simple growth and stirring model.

  15. Bounding biomass in the Fisher equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel A. Birch; Yue-Kin Tsang; William R. Young

    2007-03-17

    The FKPP equation with a variable growth rate and advection by an incompressible velocity field is considered as a model for plankton dispersed by ocean currents. If the average growth rate is negative then the model has a survival-extinction transition; the location of this transition in the parameter space is constrained using variational arguments and delimited by simulations. The statistical steady state reached when the system is in the survival region of parameter space is characterized by integral constraints and upper and lower bounds on the biomass and productivity that follow from variational arguments and direct inequalities. In the limit of zero-decorrelation time the velocity field is shown to act as Fickian diffusion with an eddy diffusivity much larger than the molecular diffusivity and this allows a one-dimensional model to predict the biomass, productivity and extinction transitions. All results are illustrated with a simple growth and stirring model.

  16. High-Energy Cosmic Ray Event Data from the Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory in Mendoza, Argentina is the result of an international collaboration funded by 15 countries and many different organizations. Its mission is to capture high-energy cosmic ray events or air showers for research into their origin and nature. The Pierre Auger Collaboration agreed to make 1% of its data available to the public. The Public Event Explorer is a search tool that allows users to browse or search for and display figures and data plots of events collected since 2004. The repository is updated daily, and, as of June, 2014, makes more than 35,000 events publicly available. The energy of a cosmic ray is measured in Exa electron volts or EeV. These event displays can be browsed in order of their energy level from 0.1 to 41.1 EeV. Each event has an individual identification number.

    The event displays provide station data, cosmic ray incoming direction, various energy measurements, plots, vector-based images, and an ASCII data file.

  17. Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Data Loading Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. L. Smith; K. J. Kvarfordt; S. T. Wood

    2008-08-01

    The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) using a personal computer. SAPHIRE is primarily funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and developed by the Idaho National Laboratory. This report is intended to assist the user to enter PRA data into the SAPHIRE program using the built-in MAR-D ASCII-text file data transfer process. Towards this end, a small sample database is constructed and utilized for demonstration. Where applicable, the discussion includes how the data processes for loading the sample database relate to the actual processes used to load a larger PRA models. The procedures described herein were developed for use with SAPHIRE Version 6.0 and Version 7.0. In general, the data transfer procedures for version 6 and 7 are the same, but where deviations exist, the differences are noted. The guidance specified in this document will allow a user to have sufficient knowledge to both understand the data format used by SAPHIRE and to carry out the transfer of data between different PRA projects.

  18. Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Data Loading Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. L. Smith; K. J. Kvarfordt; S. T. Wood

    2006-07-01

    The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) using a personal computer. SAPHIRE is primarily funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and developed by the Idaho National Laboratory. This report is intended to assist the user to enter PRA data into the SAPHIRE program using the built-in MAR-D ASCII-text file data transfer process. Towards this end, a small sample database is constructed and utilized for demonstration. Where applicable, the discussion includes how the data processes for loading the sample database relate to the actual processes used to load a larger PRA models. The procedures described herein were developed for use with SAPHIRE Version 6.0 and Version 7.0. In general, the data transfer procedures for version 6 and 7 are the same, but where deviations exist, the differences are noted. The guidance specified in this document will allow a user to have sufficient knowledge to both understand the data format used by SAPHIRE and to carry out the transfer of data between different PRA projects.

  19. SAPHIRE 8 Volume 7 - Data Loading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. J. Kvarfordt; S. T. Wood; C. L. Smith; S. R. Prescott

    2011-03-01

    The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) using a personal computer. SAPHIRE Version 8 is funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and developed by the Idaho National Laboratory. This report is intended to assist the user to enter PRA data into the SAPHIRE program using the built-in MAR-D ASCII-text file data transfer process. Towards this end, a small sample database is constructed and utilized for demonstration. Where applicable, the discussion includes how the data processes for loading the sample database relate to the actual processes used to load a larger PRA models. The procedures described herein were developed for use with SAPHIRE Version 8. The guidance specified in this document will allow a user to have sufficient knowledge to both understand the data format used by SAPHIRE and to carry out the transfer of data between different PRA projects.

  20. System and method for simultaneously collecting serial number information from numerous identity tags

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doty, Michael A. (Manteca, CA)

    1997-01-01

    A system and method for simultaneously collecting serial number information reports from numerous colliding coded-radio-frequency identity tags. Each tag has a unique multi-digit serial number that is stored in non-volatile RAM. A reader transmits an ASCII coded "D" character on a carrier of about 900 MHz and a power illumination field having a frequency of about 1.6 Ghz. A one MHz tone is modulated on the 1.6 Ghz carrier as a timing clock for a microprocessor in each of the identity tags. Over a thousand such tags may be in the vicinity and each is powered-up and clocked by the 1.6 Ghz power illumination field. Each identity tag looks for the "D" interrogator modulated on the 900 MHz carrier, and each uses a digit of its serial number to time a response. Clear responses received by the reader are repeated for verification. If no verification or a wrong number is received by any identity tag, it uses a second digital together with the first to time out a more extended period for response. Ultimately, the entire serial number will be used in the worst case collision environments; and since the serial numbers are defined as being unique, the final possibility will be successful because a clear time-slot channel will be available.

  1. System and method for simultaneously collecting serial number information from numerous identity tags

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doty, M.A.

    1997-01-07

    A system and method are disclosed for simultaneously collecting serial number information reports from numerous colliding coded-radio-frequency identity tags. Each tag has a unique multi-digit serial number that is stored in non-volatile RAM. A reader transmits an ASCII coded ``D`` character on a carrier of about 900 MHz and a power illumination field having a frequency of about 1.6 Ghz. A one MHz tone is modulated on the 1.6 Ghz carrier as a timing clock for a microprocessor in each of the identity tags. Over a thousand such tags may be in the vicinity and each is powered-up and clocked by the 1.6 Ghz power illumination field. Each identity tag looks for the ``D`` interrogator modulated on the 900 MHz carrier, and each uses a digit of its serial number to time a response. Clear responses received by the reader are repeated for verification. If no verification or a wrong number is received by any identity tag, it uses a second digital together with the first to time out a more extended period for response. Ultimately, the entire serial number will be used in the worst case collision environments; and since the serial numbers are defined as being unique, the final possibility will be successful because a clear time-slot channel will be available. 5 figs.

  2. Source Catalog Data from FIRST (Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-Centimeters)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Becker, Robert H.; Helfand, David J.; White, Richard L.; Gregg, Michael D.; Laurent-Muehleisen, Sally A.

    FIRST, Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-Centimeters, is a project designed to produce the radio equivalent of the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey over 10,000 square degrees of the North Galactic Cap. Using the National Radio Astronomy Observatory's (NRAO) Very Large Array (VLA) in its B-configuration, the Survey acquired 3-minute snapshots covering a hexagonal grid using 2?7 3-MHz frequency channels centered at 1365 and 1435 MHz. The data were edited, self-calibrated, mapped, and CLEANed using an automated pipeline based largely on routines in the Astronomical Image Processing System (AIPS). A final atlas of maps is produced by coadding the twelve images adjacent to each pointing center. Source catalogs with flux densities and size information are generated from the coadded images also. The 2011 catalog is the latest version and has been tested to ensure reliability and completness. The catalog, generated from the 1993 through 2004 images, contains 816,000 sources and covers more than 9000 square degrees. A specialized search interface for the catalog resides at this website, and the catalog is also available as a compressed ASCII file. The user may also view earlier versions of the source catalog. The FIRST survey area was chosen to coincide with that of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS); at the m(v)~24 limit of SDSS, ~50% of the optical counterparts to FIRST sources will be detected.

  3. Task-parallel message passing interface implementation of Autodock4 for docking of very large databases of compounds using high-performance super-computers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collignon, Barbara C; Schultz, Roland; Smith, Jeremy C; Baudry, Jerome Y

    2011-01-01

    A message passing interface (MPI)-based implementation (Autodock4.lga.MPI) of the grid-based docking program Autodock4 has been developed to allow simultaneous and independent docking of multiple compounds on up to thousands of central processing units (CPUs) using the Lamarkian genetic algorithm. The MPI version reads a single binary file containing precalculated grids that represent the protein-ligand interactions, i.e., van der Waals, electrostatic, and desolvation potentials, and needs only two input parameter files for the entire docking run. In comparison, the serial version of Autodock4 reads ASCII grid files and requires one parameter file per compound. The modifications performed result in significantly reduced input/output activity compared with the serial version. Autodock4.lga.MPI scales up to 8192 CPUs with a maximal overhead of 16.3%, of which two thirds is due to input/output operations and one third originates from MPI operations. The optimal docking strategy, which minimizes docking CPU time without lowering the quality of the database enrichments, comprises the docking of ligands preordered from the most to the least flexible and the assignment of the number of energy evaluations as a function of the number of rotatable bounds. In 24 h, on 8192 high-performance computing CPUs, the present MPI version would allow docking to a rigid protein of about 300K small flexible compounds or 11 million rigid compounds.

  4. Visual display of reservoir parameters affecting enhanced oil recovery. Annual report, October 1, 1995--September 30, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, J.R.

    1997-04-01

    The Multimedia Database Management System (MDMS) has been developed in the commercial software package Toolbook. Design and implementation, which was carried out by C. Asiala, is now essentially complete. Regional location maps of southern San Joaquin Valley oil fields, structure contour maps of the Pioneer area, core photos, core data, thin-section and SEM photomicrographs of core materials, structural cross sections through Pioneer Anticline, an atlas of photomicrographs; illustrating typical diagenetic features observed in San Joaquin Valley petroleum reservoirs, elemental and spectral data collected on Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) standards, and all quarterly and annual reports submitted to DOE for this project were scanned into the MDMS. All data and information are accessible through dropdown menus and hotlinks in a Table of Contents. A tutorial is presented up front to guide users through the MDMS and instruct them on the various ways in which data can be viewed and retrieved. Version 1.0 of the MDMS was written to CD ROM and distributed to participants in a Technology Transfer Workshop in Bakersfield, CA, in September, 1996. Version 1.1, which contains additional information and has been reorganized for easier use, is nearing completion. All measured and computed log curves (computed curves represent parameters such as porosity, water saturation, and clay content, which were calculated from the measured log traces using specially developed algorithms) for the 45+ project wells on Pioneer Anticline are now in the MDMS in LAS (log ASCII) format, and can be exported to any commercial log evaluation program for manipulation and analysis. All log curves were written to the CD ROM in digital format.

  5. Testing actinide fission yield treatment in CINDER90 for use in MCNP6 burnup calculations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fensin, Michael Lorne; Umbel, Marissa

    2015-09-18

    Most of the development of the MCNPX/6 burnup capability focused on features that were applied to the Boltzman transport or used to prepare coefficients for use in CINDER90, with little change to CINDER90 or the CINDER90 data. Though a scheme exists for best solving the coupled Boltzman and Bateman equations, the most significant approximation is that the employed nuclear data are correct and complete. Thus, the CINDER90 library file contains 60 different actinide fission yields encompassing 36 fissionable actinides (thermal, fast, high energy and spontaneous fission). Fission reaction data exists for more than 60 actinides and as a result, fissionmore »yield data must be approximated for actinides that do not possess fission yield information. Several types of approximations are used for estimating fission yields for actinides which do not possess explicit fission yield data. The objective of this study is to test whether or not certain approximations of fission yield selection have any impact on predictability of major actinides and fission products. Further we assess which other fission products, available in MCNP6 Tier 3, result in the largest difference in production. Because the CINDER90 library file is in ASCII format and therefore easily amendable, we assess reasons for choosing, as well as compare actinide and major fission product prediction for the H. B. Robinson benchmark for, three separate fission yield selection methods: (1) the current CINDER90 library file method (Base); (2) the element method (Element); and (3) the isobar method (Isobar). Results show that the three methods tested result in similar prediction of major actinides, Tc-99 and Cs-137; however, certain fission products resulted in significantly different production depending on the method of choice.« less

  6. Testing actinide fission yield treatment in CINDER90 for use in MCNP6 burnup calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fensin, Michael Lorne; Umbel, Marissa

    2015-09-18

    Most of the development of the MCNPX/6 burnup capability focused on features that were applied to the Boltzman transport or used to prepare coefficients for use in CINDER90, with little change to CINDER90 or the CINDER90 data. Though a scheme exists for best solving the coupled Boltzman and Bateman equations, the most significant approximation is that the employed nuclear data are correct and complete. Thus, the CINDER90 library file contains 60 different actinide fission yields encompassing 36 fissionable actinides (thermal, fast, high energy and spontaneous fission). Fission reaction data exists for more than 60 actinides and as a result, fission yield data must be approximated for actinides that do not possess fission yield information. Several types of approximations are used for estimating fission yields for actinides which do not possess explicit fission yield data. The objective of this study is to test whether or not certain approximations of fission yield selection have any impact on predictability of major actinides and fission products. Further we assess which other fission products, available in MCNP6 Tier 3, result in the largest difference in production. Because the CINDER90 library file is in ASCII format and therefore easily amendable, we assess reasons for choosing, as well as compare actinide and major fission product prediction for the H. B. Robinson benchmark for, three separate fission yield selection methods: (1) the current CINDER90 library file method (Base); (2) the element method (Element); and (3) the isobar method (Isobar). Results show that the three methods tested result in similar prediction of major actinides, Tc-99 and Cs-137; however, certain fission products resulted in significantly different production depending on the method of choice.

  7. Method and apparatus for optimized processing of sparse matrices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Taylor, Valerie E. (Evanston, IL)

    1993-01-01

    A computer architecture for processing a sparse matrix is disclosed. The apparatus stores a value-row vector corresponding to nonzero values of a sparse matrix. Each of the nonzero values is located at a defined row and column position in the matrix. The value-row vector includes a first vector including nonzero values and delimiting characters indicating a transition from one column to another. The value-row vector also includes a second vector which defines row position values in the matrix corresponding to the nonzero values in the first vector and column position values in the matrix corresponding to the column position of the nonzero values in the first vector. The architecture also includes a circuit for detecting a special character within the value-row vector. Matrix-vector multiplication is executed on the value-row vector. This multiplication is performed by multiplying an index value of the first vector value by a column value from a second matrix to form a matrix-vector product which is added to a previous matrix-vector product.

  8. A General Relativistic Model for Magnetic Monopole-Infused Compact Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zoran Pazameta

    2012-01-30

    Emergent concepts from astroparticle physics are incorporated into a classical solution of the Einstein-Maxwell equations for a binary magnetohydrodynamic fluid, in order to describe the final equilibrium state of compact objects infused with magnetic monopoles produced by proton-proton collisions within the intense dipolar magnetic fields generated by these objects during their collapse. It is found that the effective mass of such an object's acquired monopolar magnetic field is three times greater than the mass of its native fluid and monopoles combined, necessitating that the interior matter undergo a transition to a state of negative pressure in order to attain equilibrium. Assuming full symmetry between the electric and magnetic Maxwell equations yields expressions for the monopole charge density and magnetic field by direct analogy with their electrostatic equivalents; inserting these into the Einstein equations then leads to an interior metric which is well-behaved from the origin to the surface, where it matches smoothly to an exterior magnetic Reissner-Nordstr\\"om metric free of any coordinate pathologies. The source fields comprising the model are all described by simple, well-behaved polynomial functions of the radial coordinate, and are combined with straightforward regularity conditions to yield expressions delimiting several fundamental physical parameters pertaining to this hypothetical astrophysical object.

  9. The hydrological model of the Mahanagdong sector, Greater Tongonan Geothermal Field, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herras, E.B.; Licup, A.C. Jr.; Vicedo, R.O.

    1996-12-31

    The Mahanagdong sector of the Greater Tongonan Geothermal Field is committed to supply 180 MWe of steam by mid-1997. An updated hydrological model was constructed based on available geoscientific and reservoir engineering data from a total of 34 wells drilled in the area. The Mahanagdong; resource is derived from a fracture-controlled and volcano hosted geothermal system characterized by neutral to slightly alkali-chloride fluids with reservoir temperatures exceeding 295{degrees}C. A major upflow region was identified in the vicinity of MG-3D, MG-14D and MG-5D. Isochemical contours indicate outflowing fluids with temperatures of 270-275{degrees}C to the south and west. Its southwesterly flow is restricted by the intersection of the impermeable Mahanagdong Claystone near MG-10D, which delimits the southern part of the resource. Low temperature (<200{degrees}C), shallow inflows are evident at the west near MG-4D and MG-17D wells which act as a cold recharge in this sector.

  10. Boundaries of the Peruvian Oxygen Minimum Zone shaped by coherent mesoscale dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bettencourt, João H; García, Emilio Hernández; Montes, Ivonne; Sudre, Joël; Dewitte, Boris; Paulmier, Aurélien; Garçon, Véronique

    2015-01-01

    Dissolved oxygen in sea water is a major factor affecting marine habitats and biogeochemical cycles. Oceanic zones with oxygen deficits represent significant portions of the area and volume of the oceans and are thought to be expanding. The Peruvian oxygen minimum zone is one of the most pronounced and lies in a region of strong mesoscale activity in the form of vortices and frontal regions, whose effect in the dynamics of the oxygen minimum zone is largely unknown. Here, we study this issue from a modeling approach and a Lagrangian point of view, using a coupled physical-biogeochemical simulation of the Peruvian oxygen minimum zone and finite-size Lyapunov exponent fields to understand the link between mesoscale dynamics and oxygen variations. Our results show that, at depths between 380 and 600 meters, mesoscale structures have a relevant dual role. First, their mean positions and paths delimit and maintain the oxygen minimum zone boundaries. Second, their high frequency fluctuations entrain oxygen across t...

  11. A hydrogeological and geochemical model of the high-temperature geothermal system of Amatitlan, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lima, E.; Fujino, T. [West Japan Engineering Consultants, Inc., Fukuoka (Japan); McNitt, J.R.; Klein, C.W. [GeothermEx, Inc., Richmond, CA (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    Geological, geophysical and geochemical data from deep and shallow wells indicate the presence of a large geothermal system fed by upflow beneath Volcan de Pacaya, with source temperatures {ge} 330{degrees}C and chloride contents on the order of 2,500 mg/l. A considerable contribution of magmatic water is suggested by chemical and isotopic data, provided that water-rock interactions have substantially neutralized the acidity of the magmatic component. The areal extent of the upflow zone is unknown, and can only be delimited by further drilling to the south and southeast of deep well AMF-2, which encounters the two-phase upflow zone. Outflow is directed to the north, towards Lago de Amatitlan. The outflow path is long (more than 7 km), and lateral cooling occurs both via conduction and dilution with cool groundwater. Vertical cooling is also indicated by temperature reversals of up to 60{degrees}C beneath the outflow tongue, attributed to a regional underflow of cool groundwater. Outflow paths do not appear to be controlled by geologic structures or aquifers; instead, the hot water appears to {open_quotes}float{close_quotes} on top of the gently sloping unconfined groundwater table. These aspects of the geothermal system were used to develop the numerical model of the Amatitlan geothermal system, which is the subject of a separate paper.

  12. Optimal Control Theory for Continuous Variable Quantum Gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rebing Wu; Raj Chakrabarti; Herschel Rabitz

    2007-08-16

    We apply the methodology of optimal control theory to the problem of implementing quantum gates in continuous variable systems with quadratic Hamiltonians. We demonstrate that it is possible to define a fidelity measure for continuous variable (CV) gate optimization that is devoid of traps, such that the search for optimal control fields using local algorithms will not be hindered. The optimal control of several quantum computing gates, as well as that of algorithms composed of these primitives, is investigated using several typical physical models and compared for discrete and continuous quantum systems. Numerical simulations indicate that the optimization of generic CV quantum gates is inherently more expensive than that of generic discrete variable quantum gates, and that the exact-time controllability of CV systems plays an important role in determining the maximum achievable gate fidelity. The resulting optimal control fields typically display more complicated Fourier spectra that suggest a richer variety of possible control mechanisms. Moreover, the ability to control interactions between qunits is important for delimiting the total control fluence. The comparative ability of current experimental protocols to implement such time-dependent controls may help determine which physical incarnations of CV quantum information processing will be the easiest to implement with optimal fidelity.

  13. Testing Loop Quantum Gravity and Electromagnetic Dark Energy in Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clovis Jacinto de Matos

    2009-08-06

    In 1989 Cabrera and Tate reported an anomalous excess of mass of the Cooper pairs in rotating thin Niobium rings. So far, this experimental result never received a proper theoretical explanation in the context of superconductor's physics. In the present work we argue that what Cabrera and Tate interpreted as an anomalous excess of mass can also be associated with a deviation from the classical gravitomagnetic Larmor theorem due to the presence of dark energy in the superconductor, as well as with the discrete structure of the area of the superconducting Niobium ring as predicted by Loop Quantum Gravity. From Cabrera and Tate measurements we deduce that the quantization of spacetime in superconducting circular rings occurs at the Planck-Einstein scale $l_{PE} = (\\hbar G/c^3 \\Lambda)^{1/4}\\sim 3.77\\times 10 ^{-5} m$, instead of the Planck scale $l_{P} =(\\hbar G / c^3)^{1/2}=1.61 \\times 10 ^{-35} m$, with an Immirzi parameter which depends on the specific critical temperature of the superconducting material and on the area of the ring. The stephan-Boltzmann law for quantized areas delimited by superconducting rings is predicted, and an experimental concept based on the electromagnetic black-body radiation emitted by this surfaces, is proposed to test loop quantum gravity and electromagnetic dark energy in superconductors.

  14. Structural anisotropic properties of a-plane GaN epilayers grown on r-plane sapphire by molecular beam epitaxy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lotsari, A.; Kehagias, Th.; Katsikini, M.; Arvanitidis, J.; Ves, S.; Komninou, Ph.; Dimitrakopulos, G. P.; Tsiakatouras, G.; Tsagaraki, K.; Georgakilas, A.; Christofilos, D.

    2014-06-07

    Heteroepitaxial non-polar III-Nitride layers may exhibit extensive anisotropy in the surface morphology and the epilayer microstructure along distinct in-plane directions. The structural anisotropy, evidenced by the “M”-shape dependence of the (112{sup ¯}0) x-ray rocking curve widths on the beam azimuth angle, was studied by combining transmission electron microscopy observations, Raman spectroscopy, high resolution x-ray diffraction, and atomic force microscopy in a-plane GaN epilayers grown on r-plane sapphire substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PAMBE). The structural anisotropic behavior was attributed quantitatively to the high dislocation densities, particularly the Frank-Shockley partial dislocations that delimit the I{sub 1} intrinsic basal stacking faults, and to the concomitant plastic strain relaxation. On the other hand, isotropic samples exhibited lower dislocation densities and a biaxial residual stress state. For PAMBE growth, the anisotropy was correlated to N-rich (or Ga-poor) conditions on the surface during growth, that result in formation of asymmetric a-plane GaN grains elongated along the c-axis. Such conditions enhance the anisotropy of gallium diffusion on the surface and reduce the GaN nucleation rate.

  15. Biological Computation as the Revolution of Complex Engineered Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gómez-Cruz, Nelson Alfonso

    2011-01-01

    Provided that there is no theoretical frame for complex engineered systems (CES) as yet, this paper claims that bio-inspired engineering can help provide such a frame. Within CES bio-inspired systems play a key role. The disclosure from bio-inspired systems and biological computation has not been sufficiently worked out, however. Biological computation is to be taken as the processing of information by living systems that is carried out in polynomial time, i.e., efficiently; such processing however is grasped by current science and research as an intractable problem (for instance, the protein folding problem). A remark is needed here: P versus NP problems should be well defined and delimited but biological computation problems are not. The shift from conventional engineering to bio-inspired engineering needs bring the subject (or problem) of computability to a new level. Within the frame of computation, so far, the prevailing paradigm is still the Turing-Church thesis. In other words, conventional engineering...

  16. Accelerator-based neutron source for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yoon, W.Y.; Jones, J.L.; Nigg, D.W.; Harker, Y.D.

    1999-05-11

    A source for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) comprises a body of photoneutron emitter that includes heavy water and is closely surrounded in heat-imparting relationship by target material; one or more electron linear accelerators for supplying electron radiation having energy of substantially 2 to 10 MeV and for impinging such radiation on the target material, whereby photoneutrons are produced and heat is absorbed from the target material by the body of photoneutron emitter. The heavy water is circulated through a cooling arrangement to remove heat. A tank, desirably cylindrical or spherical, contains the heavy water, and a desired number of the electron accelerators circumferentially surround the tank and the target material as preferably made up of thin plates of metallic tungsten. Neutrons generated within the tank are passed through a surrounding region containing neutron filtering and moderating materials and through neutron delimiting structure to produce a beam or beams of epithermal neutrons normally having a minimum flux intensity level of 1.0{times}10{sup 9} neutrons per square centimeter per second. Such beam or beams of epithermal neutrons are passed through gamma ray attenuating material to provide the required epithermal neutrons for BNCT use. 3 figs.

  17. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Thornton, Michele M [ORNL; Mayer, Benjamin W [ORNL; Wilhelmi, Nate [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; Devarakonda, Ranjeet [ORNL; Cook, Robert B [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    More information: http://daymet.ornl.gov Presenter: Ranjeet Devarakonda Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data and Climatological Summaries provides gridded estimates of daily weather parameters for North America, including daily continuous surfaces of minimum and maximum temperature, precipitation occurrence and amount, humidity, shortwave radiation, snow water equivalent, and day length. The current data product (Version 2) covers the period January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2013 [1]. The prior product (Version 1) only covered from 1980-2008. Data are available on a daily time step at a 1-km x 1-km spatial resolution in Lambert Conformal Conic projection with a spatial extent that covers the conterminous United States, Mexico, and Southern Canada as meteorological station density allows. Daymet data can be downloaded from 1) the ORNL Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) search and order tools (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/cart/add2cart.pl?add=1219) or directly from the DAAC FTP site (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/dsviewer.pl?ds_id=1219) and 2) the Single Pixel Tool [2] and THREDDS (Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services) Data Server [3]. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool allows users to enter a single geographic point by latitude and longitude in decimal degrees. A routine is executed that translates the (lon, lat) coordinates into projected Daymet (x,y) coordinates. These coordinates are used to access the Daymet database of daily-interpolated surface weather variables. Daily data from the nearest 1 km x 1 km Daymet grid cell are extracted from the database and formatted as a table with one column for each Daymet variable and one row for each day. All daily data for selected years are returned as a single (long) table, formatted for display in the browser window. At the top of this table is a link to the same data in a simple comma-separated text format, suitable for import into a spreadsheet or other data analysis software. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool also provides the option to download multiple coordinates programmatically. A multiple extractor script is freely available to download at http://daymet.ornl.gov/files/daymet.zip. The ORNL DAAC s THREDDS data server (TDS) provides customized visualization and access to Daymet time series of North American mosaics. Users can subset and download Daymet data via a variety of community standards, including OPeNDAP, NetCDF Subset service, and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Map/Coverage Service. The ORNL DAAC TDS also exposes Daymet metadata through its ncISO service to facilitate harvesting Daymet metadata records into 3rd party catalogs. References: [1] Thornton, P.E., M.M. Thornton, B.W. Mayer, N. Wilhelmi, Y. Wei, R. Devarakonda, and R.B. Cook. 2014. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2. Data set. Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. [2] Devarakonda R., et al. 2012. Daymet: Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool. Available on-line [http://daymet.ornl.go/singlepixel.html]. [3] Wei Y., et al. 2014. Daymet: Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services. Available on-line [http://daymet.ornl.gov/thredds_tiles.html].

  18. Gap Assessment (FY 13 Update)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Getman, Dan

    2013-09-30

    To help guide its future data collection efforts, The DOE GTO funded a data gap analysis in FY2012 to identify high potential hydrothermal areas where critical data are needed. This analysis was updated in FY2013 and the resulting datasets are represented by this metadata. The original process was published in FY 2012 and is available here: https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/GeoConf/papers/SGW/2013/Esposito.pdf Though there are many types of data that can be used for hydrothermal exploration, five types of exploration data were targeted for this analysis. These data types were selected for their regional reconnaissance potential, and include many of the primary exploration techniques currently used by the geothermal industry. The data types include: 1. well data 2. geologic maps 3. fault maps 4. geochemistry data 5. geophysical data To determine data coverage, metadata for exploration data (including data type, data status, and coverage information) were collected and catalogued from nodes on the National Geothermal Data System (NGDS). It is the intention of this analysis that the data be updated from this source in a semi-automated fashion as new datasets are added to the NGDS nodes. In addition to this upload, an online tool was developed to allow all geothermal data providers to access this assessment and to directly add metadata themselves and view the results of the analysis via maps of data coverage in Geothermal Prospector (http://maps.nrel.gov/gt_prospector). A grid of the contiguous U.S. was created with 88,000 10-km by 10-km grid cells, and each cell was populated with the status of data availability corresponding to the five data types. Using these five data coverage maps and the USGS Resource Potential Map, sites were identified for future data collection efforts. These sites signify both that the USGS has indicated high favorability of occurrence of geothermal resources and that data gaps exist. The uploaded data are contained in two data files for each data category. The first file contains the grid and is in the SHP file format (shape file.) Each populated grid cell represents a 10k area within which data is known to exist. The second file is a CSV (comma separated value) file that contains all of the individual layers that intersected with the grid. This CSV can be joined with the map to retrieve a list of datasets that are available at any given site. The attributes in the CSV include: 1. grid_id : The id of the grid cell that the data intersects with 2. title: This represents the name of the WFS service that intersected with this grid cell 3. abstract: This represents the description of the WFS service that intersected with this grid cell 4. gap_type: This represents the category of data availability that these data fall within. As the current processing is pulling data from NGDS, this category universally represents data that are available in the NGDS and are ready for acquisition for analytic purposes. 5. proprietary_type: Whether the data are considered proprietary 6. service_type: The type of service 7. base_url: The service URL

  19. Generalized Nuclear Data: A New Structure (with Supporting Infrastructure) for Handling Nuclear Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mattoon, C.M.; Beck, B.R.; Patel, N.R.; Summers, N.C.; Hedstrom, G.W.; Brown, D.A.

    2012-12-15

    The Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF) format was designed in the 1960s to accommodate neutron reaction data to support nuclear engineering applications in power, national security and criticality safety. Over the years, the scope of the format has been extended to handle many other kinds of data including charged particle, decay, atomic, photo-nuclear and thermal neutron scattering. Although ENDF has wide acceptance and support for many data types, its limited support for correlated particle emission, limited numeric precision, and general lack of extensibility mean that the nuclear data community cannot take advantage of many emerging opportunities. More generally, the ENDF format provides an unfriendly environment that makes it difficult for new data evaluators and users to create and access nuclear data. The Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) has begun the design of a new Generalized Nuclear Data (or 'GND') structure, meant to replace older formats with a hierarchy that mirrors the underlying physics, and is aligned with modern coding and database practices. In support of this new structure, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has updated its nuclear data/reactions management package Fudge to handle GND structured nuclear data. Fudge provides tools for converting both the latest ENDF format (ENDF-6) and the LLNL Evaluated Nuclear Data Library (ENDL) format to and from GND, as well as for visualizing, modifying and processing (i.e., converting evaluated nuclear data into a form more suitable to transport codes) GND structured nuclear data. GND defines the structure needed for storing nuclear data evaluations and the type of data that needs to be stored. But unlike ENDF and ENDL, GND does not define how the data are to be stored in a file. Currently, Fudge writes the structured GND data to a file using the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), as it is ASCII based and can be viewed with any text editor. XML is a meta-language, meaning that it has a primitive set of definitions for representing hierarchical data/text in a file. Other meta-languages, like HDF5 which stores the data in binary form, can also be used to store GND in a file. In this paper, we will present an overview of the new GND data structures along with associated tools in Fudge.

  20. Review of LCA studies of solid waste management systems – Part II: Methodological guidance for a better practice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laurent, Alexis; Clavreul, Julie; Bernstad, Anna; Bakas, Ioannis; Niero, Monia; Gentil, Emmanuel; Christensen, Thomas H.; Hauschild, Michael Z.

    2014-03-01

    Highlights: • We perform a critical review of 222 LCA studies of solid waste management systems. • We analyse the past LCA practice against the ISO standard and ILCD Handbook guidance. • Malpractices exist in many methodological aspects with large variations among studies. • Many of these aspects are important for the reliability of the results. • We provide detailed recommendations to practitioners of waste management LCAs. - Abstract: Life cycle assessment (LCA) is increasingly used in waste management to identify strategies that prevent or minimise negative impacts on ecosystems, human health or natural resources. However, the quality of the provided support to decision- and policy-makers is strongly dependent on a proper conduct of the LCA. How has LCA been applied until now? Are there any inconsistencies in the past practice? To answer these questions, we draw on a critical review of 222 published LCA studies of solid waste management systems. We analyse the past practice against the ISO standard requirements and the ILCD Handbook guidelines for each major step within the goal definition, scope definition, inventory analysis, impact assessment, and interpretation phases of the methodology. Results show that malpractices exist in several aspects of the LCA with large differences across studies. Examples are a frequent neglect of the goal definition, a frequent lack of transparency and precision in the definition of the scope of the study, e.g. an unclear delimitation of the system boundaries, a truncated impact coverage, difficulties in capturing influential local specificities such as representative waste compositions into the inventory, and a frequent lack of essential sensitivity and uncertainty analyses. Many of these aspects are important for the reliability of the results. For each of them, we therefore provide detailed recommendations to practitioners of waste management LCAs.

  1. Confidence building measures at sea:opportunities for India and Pakistan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vohra, Ravi Bhushan Rear Admiral; Ansari, Hasan Masood Rear Admiral

    2003-12-01

    The sea presents unique possibilities for implementing confidence building measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan that are currently not available along the contentious land borders surrounding Jammu and Kashmir. This is due to the nature of maritime issues, the common military culture of naval forces, and a less contentious history of maritime interaction between the two nations. Maritime issues of mutual concern provide a strong foundation for more far-reaching future CBMs on land, while addressing pressing security, economic, and humanitarian needs at sea in the near-term. Although Indian and Pakistani maritime forces currently have stronger opportunities to cooperate with one another than their counterparts on land, reliable mechanisms to alleviate tension or promote operational coordination remain non-existent. Therefore, possible maritime CBMs, as well as pragmatic mechanisms to initiate and sustain cooperation, require serious examination. This report reflects the unique joint research undertaking of two retired Senior Naval Officers from both India and Pakistan, sponsored by the Cooperative Monitoring Center of the International Security Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Research focuses on technology as a valuable tool to facilitate confidence building between states having a low level of initial trust. Technical CBMs not only increase transparency, but also provide standardized, scientific means of interacting on politically difficult problems. Admirals Vohra and Ansari introduce technology as a mechanism to facilitate consistent forms of cooperation and initiate discussion in the maritime realm. They present technical CBMs capable of being acted upon as well as high-level political recommendations regarding the following issues: (1) Delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Pakistan and its relationship to the Sir Creek dispute; (2) Restoration of full shipping links and the security of ports and cargos; (3) Fishing within disputed areas and resolution of issues relating to arrest and repatriation of fishermen from both sides; and (4) Naval and maritime agency interaction and possibilities for cooperation.

  2. Thermal stability of curved ray tomography for corrosion monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willey, C. L.; Simonetti, F.; Nagy, P. B.; Instanes, G.

    2014-02-18

    Guided wave tomography is being developed as an effective tool for continuous monitoring of corrosion and erosion depth in pipelines. A pair of transmit- and receive-ring arrays of ultrasonic transducers encircles the pipe and delimits the section to be monitored. In curved ray tomography (CRT), the depth profile is estimated from the time delay matrix, ??, whose ij-th entry is the phase traveltime difference between the current and baseline signals measured between transducers i and j of the transmit and receive-ring arrays, respectively. Under perfectly stable experimental conditions, the non-zero entries of ?? are only due to the occurrence of damage and provide a reliable input to CRT. However, during field operation, ?? can develop non-zero entries due to a number of environmental changes ranging from temperature variations to degradation of transducer-pipe coupling and transducer intrinsic performance. Here, we demonstrate that these sources of instability can be eliminated by exploiting the spatial diversity of array measurements in conjunction with EMAT transducer technology which is intrinsically stable owing to its non-contact nature. The study is based on a full-scale experiment performed on a schedule 40, 8’ diameter, 3 m length steel pipe, monitored with two EMAT ring arrays. It is shown that for an irregularly shaped defect the proposed method yields maximum depth estimations that are as accurate as single point ultrasonic thickness gaging measurements and over a wide temperature range up to 175°C. The results indicate that advanced inversion schemes in combination with EMAT transduction offer great potential for continuously monitoring the progression of corrosion or erosion damage in the oil and gas industry.

  3. Retinoblastoma-comparative analysis of external radiotherapy techniques, including an IMRT technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reisner, Marcio Lemberg [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)]. E-mail: mreisner@uol.com.br; Viegas, Celia Maria Pais [Department of Radiation Oncology, Instituto Nacional de Cancer, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Grazziotin, Rachele Zanchet [Department of Radiation Oncology, Instituto Nacional de Cancer, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Santos Batista, Delano Valdivino [Division of Medical Physics, Department of Radiation Oncology, Instituto Nacional de Cancer, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Carneiro, Tulio Meneses; Mendonca de Araujo, Carlos Manoel [Department of Radiation Oncology, Instituto Nacional de Cancer, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Marchiori, Edson [Department of Radiology, Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

    2007-03-01

    Purpose: To compare the numerous external radiotherapy (RT) techniques for the treatment of retinoblastoma, as well as an intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) technique. The latter was elaborated to evaluate the potential dose reduction in the surrounding tissue, as well as the potential avoidance of subdosage in the ora serrata retinae. Methods and Materials: A 2-year-old patient with unilateral retinoblastoma underwent CT. With the aid of an ophthalmologist, the ocular structures were delimited, and 13 techniques described in published reports were reproduced on three-dimensional planning software and identified according to their authors. A technique with four noncoplanar fields using IMRT was also elaborated. These techniques were compared according to the dose to the ora serrata retinae, lens, orbit (volume that received a dose of {>=}20 Gy), vitreous, optic nerve, lacrimal gland (volume that received a dose of {>=}34 Gy), and cornea and according to their ease of reproducibility. Results: The techniques that attained the therapeutic dose to the ora serrata retinae were the IMRT technique and the techniques of Haye, Cassady, Cormack, and al-Beteri. The Cormack technique had the lowest volume that received a dose of {>=}20 Gy in the orbit, followed by the IMRT technique. The IMRT technique also achieved the lowest volume that received a dose of {>=}34 Gy (14%) in the lacrimal gland. The Abramson/McCormick/Blach, Cassady, Reese, and Schipper techniques were the easiest to reproduce and the Chin the most complex. Conclusion: Retinoblastoma treatment with IMRT has an advantage over the other techniques, because it allows for the greatest reduction of dose to the orbit and lacrimal gland, while maintaining the therapeutic dose to the ora serrata retinae and vitreous.

  4. Exploring the Limits of Methane Storage and Delivery in Nanoporous Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez-Gualdron, DA; Wilmer, CE; Farha, OK; Hupp, JT; Snurr, RQ

    2014-04-03

    The physical limits for methane storage and delivery in nanoporous materials were investigated, with a focus on whether it is possible to reach a methane deliverable capacity of 315 cm(3)(STP)/cm(3) in line with the adsorption target established by the ARPA-E agency. Our efforts focused on how both geometric and chemical properties, such as void fraction (V-f), volumetric surface area (S-v), and heat of adsorption (Q(st)), impact methane deliverable capacity, i.e., the amount of methane adsorbed at some storage pressure minus the amount adsorbed at the delivery pressure. With the aid of grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations, we studied methane adsorption and delivery properties in a population of 122 835 hypothetical pcu metal organic frameworks (MOFs) and 39 idealized carbon-based porous materials. From the simulation results, we developed an analytical equation that helped us delimit the necessary material properties to reach specific methane deliverable capacity targets. The maximum deliverable capacity between 65 and 5.8 bar among the hypothetical MOFs was 206 cm(3)(STP)/cm(3) at 298 K. We found that artificially increasing the methane MOF interaction strength by increasing the Lennard-Jones e parameters of the MOF atoms by 2- and 4-fold only improved the maximum deliverable capacity up to 223 and 228 cm(3)(STP)/cm(3), respectively. However, the effect on the amount stored at 65 bar was more significant, which suggested another strategy; raising the temperature of the system by 100 K can recover 70% of the methane stranded at the delivery pressure. By increasing the delivery temperature to 398 K, the ARPA-E target was reached by a few hypothetical MOFs with quadrupled e values. This work shows the difficulty in reaching the ARPA-E target but also suggests that a strategy that combines a material with a large volumetric density of sites that interact strongly with methane and raising the delivery temperature can greatly improve the performance of nanoporous materials for methane storage and delivery. The optimal heat of adsorption in an isothermal storage and delivery scenario is approximately 10.5-14.5 kJ/mol, whereas in the nonisothermal storage and delivery scenario the optimal heats of adsorption fell within a range of 11.8-19.8 kEmol.

  5. Structure and magnetic properties of a new anion-deficient perovskite Pb{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}BiFe{sub 4}ScO{sub 13} with crystallographic shear structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batuk, Maria; Tyablikov, Oleg A.; Tsirlin, Alexander A.; Kazakov, Sergey M.; Rozova, Marina G.; Pokholok, Konstantin V.; Filimonov, Dmitry S.; Antipov, Evgeny V.; Abakumov, Artem M.; Hadermann, Joke

    2013-09-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Pb{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}BiFe{sub 4}ScO{sub 13} was obtained by solid state synthesis. • Its structure was refined from combination of XPD and TEM. • It is a new member of the perovskite-related homologous series A{sub n}B{sub n}O{sub 3n?2} with n = 5. • Pb{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}BiFe{sub 4}ScO{sub 13} is antiferromagnetically ordered below T{sub N} ?350 K. - Abstract: Pb{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}BiFe{sub 4}ScO{sub 13}, a new n = 5 member of the oxygen-deficient perovskite-based A{sub n}B{sub n}O{sub 3n?2} homologous series, was synthesized using a solid-state method. The crystal structure of Pb{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}BiFe{sub 4}ScO{sub 13} was investigated by a combination of synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, electron diffraction, high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy and Mössbauer spectroscopy. At 900 K, it crystallizes in the Ammm space group with the unit cell parameters a = 5.8459(1) ?, b = 4.0426(1) ?, and c = 27.3435(1) ?. In the Pb{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}BiFe{sub 4}ScO{sub 13} structure, quasi-two-dimensional perovskite blocks are periodically interleaved with ½[1 1 0] (1{sup ¯}01){sub p} crystallographic shear (CS) planes. At the CS planes, the corner-sharing FeO{sub 6} octahedra are transformed into chains of edge-sharing FeO{sub 5} distorted tetragonal pyramids. B-positions of the perovskite blocks between the CS planes are jointly occupied by Fe{sup 3+} and Sc{sup 3+}. The chains of the FeO{sub 5} pyramids and (Fe,Sc)O{sub 6} octahedra delimit six-sided tunnels that are occupied by double columns of cations with a lone electron pair (Pb{sup 2+}). The remaining A-cations (Bi{sup 3+}, Ba{sup 2+}) occupy positions in the perovskite block. According to the magnetic susceptibility measurements, Pb{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}BiFe{sub 4}ScO{sub 13} is antiferromagnetically ordered below T{sub N} ?350 K.

  6. 100-N Area Strontium-90 Treatability Demonstration Project: Phytoextraction Along the 100-N Columbia River Riparian Zone – Field Treatability Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fellows, Robert J.; Fruchter, Jonathan S.; Driver, Crystal J.; Ainsworth, Calvin C.

    2010-01-11

    Strontium-90 (90Sr) is present both in the aquifer near the river and in the vadose and riparian zones of the river’s shore at 100-NR-2. Phytoextraction of 90Sr is being considered as a potential remediation system along the riparian zone of the Columbia River. Phytoextraction would employ coyote willow (Salix exigua). Past studies have shown that willow roots share uptake mechanisms for Sr with Ca, a plant macronutrient as well as no discrimination between Sr and 90Sr. Willow 90Sr concentration ratios [CR’s; (pCi 90Sr/g dry wt. of new growth tissue)/(pCi 90Sr/g soil porewater)] were consistently greater than 65 with three-quarters of the assimilated label partitioned into the above ground shoot. Insect herbivore experiments also demonstrated no significant potential for bioaccumulation or food chain transfer from their natural activities. The objectives of this field study were three-fold: (1) to demonstrate that a viable, “managed” plot of coyote willows can be established on the shoreline of the Columbia River that would survive the same microenvironment to be encountered at the 100-NR-2 shoreline; (2) to show through engineered barriers that large and small animal herbivores can be prevented from feeding on these plants; and (3) to show that once established, the plants will provide sufficient biomass annually to support the phytoextraction technology. A field treatability demonstration plot was established on the Columbia River shoreline alongside the 100-K West water intake at the end of January 2007. The plot was delimited by a 3.05 m high chain-link fence and was approximately 10 x 25 m in size. A layer of fine mesh metal small animal screening was placed around the plot at the base of the fencing to a depth of 45 cm. A total of sixty plants were placed in six slightly staggered rows with 1-m spacing between plants. The actual plot size was 0.00461 hectare (ha). At the time of planting (March 12, 2007), the plot was located about 10 m from the river’s edge. Less than two weeks later (March 21), the river began the spring rise. Periodic (daily) or continuous flooding occurred at the site over the next 3 to 4 months. River levels at times were over the top of the enclosure’s fence. This same pattern was repeated for the next 2 years. It was however evident that even submerged for part, or all of the day, that the plants continued to flourish. There were no indications of herbivory or animal tracks observed within the plot although animals were present in the area. Biomass production over the three years followed a typical growth curve with a yield of about 1 kg for the first year when the trees were establishing themselves, 4 kg for the second, and over 20 kg for the third when the trees were entering the exponential phase of growth. On a metric Ton per hectare (mT/ha) basis this would be 0.2 mT/ha in 2007, 0.87 mT/ha in 2008, and 4.3 mT/ha in 2009. Growth curve extrapolation predicts 13.2 mT/ha during a fourth year and potentially 29.5 mT/ha following a fifth year. Using the observed Ca and Sr concentrations found in the plant tissues, and Sr CR’s calculated from groundwater analysis, projected biomass yields suggest the trees could prove effective in removing the contaminant from the 100-NR-2 riparian zone.