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1

Aruba: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aruba: Energy Resources Aruba: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":12.5,"lon":-69.96667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Bahamas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bahamas: Energy Resources Bahamas: Energy Resources (Redirected from The Bahamas) Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24,"lon":-76,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

Barbados: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbados: Energy Resources Barbados: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":13.16667,"lon":-59.53333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

Bahamas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bahamas: Energy Resources Bahamas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24,"lon":-76,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

5

Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Barbados-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Program Start 2012 Program End 2012 Country Barbados Caribbean

6

Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Barbados Caribbean References UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services[1] Overview "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services consist of policy advice, technical

7

Bahamas-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bahamas-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Bahamas-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Bahamas-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Program Start 2012 Program End 2012 Country Bahamas Caribbean

8

Caribbean-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References NREL International Program [1] Abstract The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is partnering with Caribbean nations to build Low Carbon Communities in the Caribbean as part of the broader Low Carbon Communities of the Americas program.... The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is partnering with Caribbean nations to build Low Carbon Communities in the Caribbean as part of the broader Low Carbon Communities of the Americas program. References

9

Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Barbados Caribbean References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

10

Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

publicaci Country Aruba, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, South...

11

Trade & Investment Barbados, 18-20 September 2005 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trade & Investment Barbados, 18-20 September 2005 1 This year marks a pivotal moment is a scaling up of investments in targeted sectors and regions. One vital lesson from the UN Millennium Project control, and access to basic infrastructure such as safe drinking water. When these basic investments

12

Bahamas-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bahamas-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Bahamas-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Bahamas Caribbean References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

13

Symposium on the Geology of the Bahamas and other Carbonate Regions SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF PRECIPITATION ON SAN SALVADOR, BAHAMAS 2001-2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF PRECIPITATION ON SAN SALVADOR, BAHAMAS 2001-2003 Douglas W. Gamble and Ryan D. Jordan Department of Earth of this project was to assess the spatial variability of rainfall on San Salvador, Bahamas. Accordingly, a small in this analysis, the naturally high climatic variability on San Salvador, and the weak positive results

Gamble, Douglas W.

14

Life in the Living Laboratory: An Anthropological Investigation of Environmental Science, Tourism, and Design in the Contemporary Bahamas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Small Island Sustainability” at the College of The BahamasCollege of The Bahamas for her support of my work and inclusion in the Small Island SustainabilityCollege of The Bahamas now offers a few Bachelor’s Degrees in specific subjects, including Small Island Sustainability,

Moore, Amelia M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program Name Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Partner German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Country Antigua & Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthelemy, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad & Tobago, Turks & Caicos Islands, United States

16

Property:AdvancedEconomy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AdvancedEconomy AdvancedEconomy Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Pages using the property "AdvancedEconomy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + false + Albania + false + Algeria + false + Andorra + false + Angola + false + Anguilla + false + Antigua and Barbuda + false + Argentina + false + Armenia + false + Aruba + false + Australia + true + Austria + true + Azerbaijan + false + B Bahamas + false + Bahrain + false + Bangladesh + false + Barbados + false + Belarus + false + Belgium + true + Belize + false + Benin + false + Bermuda + false + Bhutan + false + Bolivia + false + Bosnia and Herzegovina + false + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:AdvancedEconomy&oldid=282067#SMWResults"

17

Consolidation, permeability, and geotechnical properties of Ocean Drilling Program Leg 110 sediments from the Barbados forearc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSOLIDATION, PE~ILITY, AND GEOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES OF OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 110 SEDIMENTS FROM THE BARBADOS FOREARC A Thesis by JOHN NICHOLAS LEONARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Oceanography CONSOLIDATION, PERMEABILITY, AND GEOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES OF OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 110 SEDIMENTS FROM THE BARBADOS FOREARC A Thesis by JOHN...

Leonard, John Nicholas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

The Relationship Between Deep Ocean Currents and Winds East of Barbados  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations of currents collected at the POLYMODE array III cluster C (16°N, 54°W) are compared with radiosonde winds measured at Barbados (13°N, 62°W) using a linear response analysis. The winds and the currents are coherent throughout the ...

C. J. Koblinsky; P. P. Niiler

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Recreational SCUBA divers' willingness to pay for marine biodiversity in Barbados  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of natural resources and the services they provide often do not have an explicit price and are therefore undervalued in decision-making, leading to environmental degradation. To ‘monetize’ the benefits from these services requires the use of non-market valuation techniques. Using a stated preference survey of recreational divers in Barbados conducted between 2007 and 2009, the economic value of marine biodiversity to recreational SCUBA divers in Barbados was estimated. In addition to a variety of demographic variables, divers were asked about their level of experience, expenditures related to travel and diving, and encounters with fish and sea turtles. Divers then completed a choice experiment, selecting between alternative dives with varying characteristics including price, crowding, fish diversity, encounters with sea turtles, and coral cover. Results indicate that divers in Barbados have a clear appreciation of reef quality variables. Willingness to pay for good coral cover, fish diversity and presence of sea turtles is significantly higher than prices paid for dives. In general, divers valued reef attributes similarly, although their appreciation of low density of divers at a site and high coral cover varied with prior diving experience. The results of this study demonstrate the economic value generated in Barbados by the recreational SCUBA diving industry and highlight the potential for substantial additional economic contributions with improvements to the quality of a variety of reef attributes. These results could inform management decisions regarding reef use and sea turtle conservation, and could aid in the development of informed ‘win–win’ policies aimed at maximizing returns from diving while reducing negative impacts often associated with tourism activities.

Peter W. Schuhmann; James F. Casey; Julia A. Horrocks; Hazel A. Oxenford

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Whose land is it anyway? : an analysis of the management and distribution of Crown Land in the Bahamas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Like many islands throughout the Caribbean, The Bahamas are now experiencing rapid growth and development in the form of large-scale luxury resorts and second homes. Consistent with a long history going back to the colonial ...

Smith, Nakeischea Loi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aruba bahamas barbados" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Property:NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 1 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 0 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 1 + Argentina + 0 + Armenia + 1 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 3 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 1 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 1 + Barbados + 1 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 2 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 0 + Bolivia + 1 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy&oldid=314431

22

Non Annex B Countries List  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Non Annex B Countries A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z A Afghanistan (1949-2007) Albania (1933-2007) Algeria (1900-2007) American Samoa (1954-2007) Angola (1950-2007) Antarctic Fisheries (1970-2007) Antigua & Barbuda (1957-2007) Argentina (1887-2007) Armenia (1992-2007) Aruba (1986-2007) Azerbaijan (1992-2007) B Bahamas (1950-2007) Bahrain (1933-2007) Bangladesh (1972-2007) Barbados (1928-2007) Belarus (1992-2007) Belize (1950-2007) Benin (1958-2007) Bermuda (1950-2007) Bhutan (1970-2007) Bolivia (1928-2007) Bosnia-Herzegovinia (1992-2007) Botswana (1950-2007) Brazil (1901-2007) British Virgin Islands (1957-2007) Brunei (Darussalam) (1930-2007) Burkina Faso (1958-2007) Burundi (1962-2007) C Cambodia (1955-2007) Cameroon (1950-2007)

23

User:GregZiebold/Developing Country Programs Map | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programs Map Programs Map < User:GregZiebold Jump to: navigation, search Zoom South America Central America North America Africa Central Africa Northern Africa Southern Africa Eastern Asia Southern Asia Asia/Pacific Central Asia Middle East Northern Asia Northern Europe Western Europe Southern Europe Programs & Projects Afghanistan 5 Albania 3 Algeria 6 Angola 1 Anguilla 1 Antigua and Barbuda 6 Argentina 12 Armenia 6 Aruba 3 Azerbaijan 2 Bahamas 6 Bahrain 2 Bangladesh 27 Barbados 9 Belize 8 Benin 3 Bhutan 7 Bolivia 4 Botswana 5 Brazil 37 Brunei 7 Bulgaria 2 Burkina Faso 7 Burundi 6 Cambodia 25 Cameroon 8 Cape Verde 4 Cayman Islands 1 Central African Republic 4 Chad 4 Chile 24 China 63 Colombia 26 Costa Rica 24 Croatia 1 Cuba 5 Democratic Republic of Congo 13

24

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

25

Category:Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Countries Jump to: navigation, search This category contains sovereign nations and uses the form Country. Pages in category "Countries" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 211 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan B Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi C Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic D Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic E Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea

26

Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture Property Type Number Description Number of Low Emissions development planning(ProgramTopics) and Agriculture(Sector) programs for a country Pages using the property "NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 0 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 0 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 1 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 0 + Argentina + 3 + Armenia + 1 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 0 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 3 + Barbados + 0 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 0 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 1 +

27

Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms Property Type Number Pages using the property "NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 0 + Albania + 1 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 1 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 2 + Argentina + 6 + Armenia + 2 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 1 + B Bahamas + 2 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 8 + Barbados + 3 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 3 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 1 + Bolivia + 2 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms&oldid=59092

28

Property:NumberOfSolarResources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfSolarResources NumberOfSolarResources Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "NumberOfSolarResources" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 1 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 0 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 0 + Argentina + 2 + Armenia + 0 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 0 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 0 + Barbados + 0 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 0 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 2 + Bolivia + 0 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfSolarResources&oldid=313617#SMWResults" What links here

29

The Risk Assessment Information System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RAIS User's Group RAIS User's Group The connection is no longer here Fill out the following section for addition to the RAIS User's List: CONTACT DETAILS First name: * Required Last name: * Required Company: Street: City: State: Country: Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Aruba Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Virgin Islands, British Canada Cayman Islands Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Montserrat Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Puerto Rico Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and The Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Virgin Islands, U.S. Argentina Bolivia

30

"To make their owne termes": servant rebelliousness and the transitionto slavery in seventeenth-century Barbados and Virginia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from even the sldlled positions they had occupied when slavery bee~me the dominant form of labor. ' T. H. Breen's studies of colonial labor utilize both econonuc and social factors as explanations for the changing labor systems. Breen concludes... in Barbados Slave Society, " Inssnigrunts und Minorities, 7 (1988), 3. " T. H. Breen, "A Changing Labor Force and Race Relations in Virginia 1660-1710, " Jonrnul of Sociul History, 7 (1973), 4. society threatened their control of the colony. " While...

Compton, Tonia M

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

31

Recycling for small island tourism developments: Food waste composting at Sandals Emerald Bay, Exuma, Bahamas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The ability for small islands to meet sustainability goals is exacerbated by the costs of transporting goods on, and then, wastes off the islands. At small scales, recycling can be prohibitive and complicated by labor costs; the need to profitably recycle and manage solid waste output from tourism is complicated by scale and available technologies. A multi-year study documents the amount of solid waste generated on Great Exuma (Exuma), The Commonwealth of The Bahamas since 2010 with one year of benchmarking, then limited recycling of food waste generation by an all-inclusive resort, Sandals Emerald Bay (SEB). For the island of Exuma, the rapid increase in the rate of accumulation of solid waste associated with a large destination resort has led to an increase in pests such as rats and flies, along with an increased occurrence of fires associated with unburied solid waste. Solid waste has accumulated faster than the island solid waste management can absorb. SEB kitchen and hotel operations contributes an estimated 36% of all solid waste generated on the island, about 1752 t11 The Commonwealth of The Bahamas uses US units of weight and volume, thus Exuma solid waste records are maintained in pounds and tons, but SI units (e.g. tonnes, liters) are given in this paper. Pounds and tons are also used in outreach material. out of a total of 4841 t generated on the island in 2013 (exclusive of vegetation waste). Based on 4 weeks of benchmarking, 48.5% of all the waste coming out of the SEB resort is compostable, organic waste, but waste composition varies widely over time. Exuma Waste Management (EWM) and Recycle Exuma (RE), both privately-held Bahamian businesses, worked for one year (2012–2013) with SEB resort to implement a benchmarking and pilot recycling project to meet Earth Check green resort certification requirements. This paper outlines the costs and resources required for food waste recycling and some barriers to implementing more effective solid waste management for the tourism industry on small islands.

Kathleen Sullivan Sealey; Jarrell Smith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Total All Countries 32 31 27 27 38 43 2010-2013 Afghanistan 2010-2010 Albania 1 2013-2013 Angola 0 2011-2013 Anguilla 2010-2010 Antigua and Barbuda 0 2010-2013 Argentina 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Aruba 0 0 0 2010-2013 Australia 0 0 2010-2013 Bahama Islands 0 0 0 2010-2013 Bahrain 0 2010-2013 Barbados 2010-2011 Belgium 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Belize 0 2010-2013 Brazil 1 2 2 0 2010-2013 Bulgaria 2010-2010 Cambodia 2011-2011 Canada 19 21 22 23 25 24 2010-2013 Cayman Islands 2010-2012 Chile 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 China 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Colombia 0 1 2010-2013 Costa Rica 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013

33

Total Crude Oil and Products Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Total All Countries 96,229 107,478 106,354 120,656 114,693 108,925 1981-2013 Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2013 Albania 110 0 55 0 0 1998-2013 Algeria 1 462 476 685 1 1996-2013 Andora 0 0 2005-2013 Angola 1 0 1 0 0 1995-2013 Anguilla 0 0 0 0 2005-2013 Antigua and Barbuda 0 0 3 0 0 0 1995-2013 Argentina 2,256 1,324 1,457 1,727 1,129 1,753 1993-2013 Armenia 0 2005-2013 Aruba 386 241 743 818 928 1,600 2005-2013 Australia 328 114 232 394 333 290 1993-2013 Austria 0 1 0 0 0 0 1995-2013 Azerbaijan 0 0 0 0 2 1995-2013 Bahama Islands 316 624 624 1,019 1,969 2,118 1993-2013 Bahrain 1 2 0 1 277 1 1993-2013 Barbados

34

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

35

Variations in Mg/Ca as a control on distribution of strontium concentrations and delta/sup 18/O in upper Tertiary dolomites from Bahamas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strontium concentrations and delta/sup 18/O are commonly used to infer the gross composition of dolomitizing waters, yet the bases for such inferences are not firmly established. A new approach to calibrating these 2 parameters is suggested from analyses of a section of upper Tertiary dolomites from the Bahamas. In an interval of dolomite, 120 m (394 ft) from a core taken on San Salvador Island, mole % MgCO/sub 3/ is correlated positively with delta/sup 18/O, and negatively with strontium. Strontium substitutes mainly for calcium, thus the negative correlation with mole % MgCO/sub 3/. Dolomites are enriched between 3 to 7% in delta/sup 18/O as compared with coprecipitated calcite, and thus the positive correlation. These two covariations indicate the need to consider the stoichiometric coefficient of dolomites, and to normalize strontium concentrations and delta/sup 18/O with their respective stoichiometric coefficients before inferring their relationship with fluid composition.

Swart, P.K.; Dawans, J.M.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A. palmata on the south coast of Barbados for several reasons: (1) the offshore bathymetry is gently sloping compared with the precipitous drop surrounding many Caribbean volcanic islands or ... Caribbean volcanic islands or the Bahama Bank; (2) Barbados is rimmed by three parallel offshore ridges6 for which I had extremely detailed bathymetric maps. Macintyre has suggested6 that these ...

Richard G. Fairbanks

1989-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

37

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

38

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

39

Newsletter Signup Form  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

40

Macroalgal distribution at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cover) H' ln S H' = generic diversity S = ? of genera ln S = maximum possible generic diversity Kruskal-Wallis tests, which are distribution free analysis of variance techniques, were conducted to determine if significant differences occurred... comparisons between study sites (sampling periods combined). Based on the Kruskal-Wallis Test, ns indicates there was no significant difference. Sites Percent Cover Standard Deviation Statistical Significance Differences Iguana Norman's Pond North...

Roberts, Jill Christie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aruba bahamas barbados" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

TECHNICAL BRIEF 2009 Aruba Networks Page 1 of 2 March 27, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. CAPWAP also suffers from intellectual property rights (IPR) encumbrances related to claims made by Cisco. As of March 2009, Cisco has not disclosed exactly which portions of CAPWAP are subject to its IPR claims. Thus may be found at http://www.ietf.org/ietf/IPR/cisco-ipr-draft-ietf-capwap- protocol

Jain, Raj

42

South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

Deal, C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

44

Caribbean Sustainable Energy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caribbean Sustainable Energy Program Caribbean Sustainable Energy Program Agency/Company /Organization Organization of American States (OAS) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country St. Lucia, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References OAS Project Database[1] The objective of this program is to "Facilitate the adoption of energy policies and legislation in the seven Project Countries pertaining to address the market conditions for the development and use of renewable energy and energy efficiency systems by mitigating the barriers to their use." References ↑ "OAS Project Database"

45

Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Projections to 2099 Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Projections to 2099 Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Sector Energy, Land, Climate Topics GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.eclac.org/publicaci Country Aruba, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean References Climate Change and the Macroeconomy in the Caribbean Basin: Analysis and Projections to 2099[1]

46

Time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography applied to cave sustainability (Barbados) and groundwater exploration (Saint Lucia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we apply the method of two-dimensional time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (2D time-lapse ERT) for two different problems. In the first problem, we monitor the structural stability of the roof of the ...

Agramakova, Yulia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Program Start 2012 Program End 2012 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

48

Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from CDKN-CARICOM-Trinidad and Tobago-A Regional Implementation (Redirected from CDKN-CARICOM-Trinidad and Tobago-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework) Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

49

CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2010 Country Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

50

Taphonomic Trends Along a Forereef Slope: Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas. II. Time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...alteration was not particularly intense in any EOD. No species was particularly susceptible...included in each model. The influence of EOD is discussed in a companion paper (Callender...For the remainder and for all but one EOD in Year 2, the number of significant differences...

GEORGE M. STAFF; W. RUSSELL CALLENDER; ERIC N. POWELL; KARLA M. PARSONS-HUBBARD; CARLTON E. BRETT; SALLY E. WALKER; DONNA D. CARLSON; SUZANNE WHITE; ANNE RAYMOND; ELIZABETH A. HEISE

51

Taphonomic Trends Along a Forereef Slope: Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas. I. Location and Water Depth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...contribution focuses on the influence of EOD and water depth. The dimension of time...locations were selected to be representative of EOD depth ranges. The location and transect...the influence of dissolution was much more EOD specific. Dissolution was highest in Codakia...

W. RUSSELL CALLENDER; GEORGE M. STAFF; KARLA M. PARSONS-HUBBARD; ERIC N. POWELL; GILBERT T. ROWE; SALLY E. WALKER; CARLTON E. BRETT; ANNE RAYMOND; DONNA D. CARLSON; SUZANNE WHITE; ELIZABETH A. HEISE

52

Taphonomic Trends Along a Forereef Slope: Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas. II. Time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...deepen from shore to the platform edge at about 33 m...about midway across the platform top at 15 m and at its...dramatically at the platform edge and forms a wall...another in 1996 using the submersibles Nekton Gamma and Clelia...was evaluated using a semi-quantitative scale...

GEORGE M. STAFF; W. RUSSELL CALLENDER; ERIC N. POWELL; KARLA M. PARSONS-HUBBARD; CARLTON E. BRETT; SALLY E. WALKER; DONNA D. CARLSON; SUZANNE WHITE; ANNE RAYMOND; ELIZABETH A. HEISE

53

The Impact of Climate Change on The Bahamas a Review of Early Forecasts By Neil Sealey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. a rise in temperature of 3-50 F/2-30 C 2. a rise in sea level of 2-8", or a rate of 1.0 to 4.0 mm/year 3. Changes due to Sea Level Rise: Sea level will rise because more polar and glacial ice will melt than ­ and there will be a period when the sea level will not rise (Allen, Myles et al: 2001) (Wigley, 1999). Despite this, present

Sealey, Kathleen Sullivan

54

Novel Bacterial Diversity in an Anchialine Blue Hole on Abaco Island, Bahamas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of microbial diversity, and analogs for stratified and sulfidic oceans present early in Earth's history....

Gonzalez, Brett Christopher

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

55

Department of German University of Wisconsin-Madison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

countries: the Netherlands, Belgium, Suriname, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten, as well as in the European

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

56

Total Crude Oil and Products Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Total All Countries 522,879 659,392 738,803 858,685 1,089,848 1,172,965 1981-2012 Afghanistan 0 0 2 4 3 7 1997-2012 Albania 0 0 0 0 0 166 1998-2012 Algeria 2,602 5 1,257 4 1,226 219 1996-2012 Andora 0 2005-2011 Angola 25 33 615 7 27 12 1995-2012 Anguilla 0 1 1 1 5 2 2005-2012 Antigua and Barbuda 3 8 10 146 231 634 1995-2012 Argentina 3,208 6,431 6,600 6,951 14,632 19,097 1993-2012 Armenia 0 0 0 2005-2012 Aruba 1,931 3,542 2,410 2,578 2,835 2,969 2005-2012 Australia 3,343 3,618 4,689 3,561 4,022 3,748 1993-2012 Austria 9 6 1 1 10 2 1995-2012 Azerbaijan 0 0 1 1 175 1995-2012 Bahama Islands 11,946 9,732 14,878 19,582 16,125 15,113 1993-2012

57

Tobacco Control Legislation in Costa Rica (1971-2012): After 40 Years of Tobacco Industry Dominance, Tobacco Control Advocacy Succeeds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which covers the markets of Suriname, Barbados, and a group which covers the markets of Suriname, Barbados, and a group 

Crosbie, Eric MA; Sebrie, Ernesto M. MD MPH; Glantz, Stanton A. PhD

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Life in the Living Laboratory: An Anthropological Investigation of Environmental Science, Tourism, and Design in the Contemporary Bahamas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research, and sustainable economic development- processes ofprocesses for projected social and economic development in the country; the Department of Sustainable

Moore, Amelia M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Life in the Living Laboratory: An Anthropological Investigation of Environmental Science, Tourism, and Design in the Contemporary Bahamas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the small settlement of Cherokee Sound on the island ofAbaco. Cherokee was selected by the designers of this pilotenvironment. Historically, Cherokee was a boat- building

Moore, Amelia M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Life in the Living Laboratory: An Anthropological Investigation of Environmental Science, Tourism, and Design in the Contemporary Bahamas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forging New Ground for Ecotourism and Other Alternatives. ”Forging New Ground for Ecotourism and Other Alternatives. ”Forging New Ground for Ecotourism and Other Alternatives. ”

Moore, Amelia M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aruba bahamas barbados" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Marine Turtle Newsletter No. 101, 2003 -Page 26 Green Turtle with Living Tag Captured in the Southern Bahamas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marine Turtle Newsletter No. 101, 2003 - Page 26 Green Turtle with Living Tag Captured'Amiano2 , Catalina Calderón2 , Joe Parsons4 & Jeffrey A. Seminoff1 1 Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle, Texas 75225-7645 USA (E-mail: marylw@airmail.net) 4 Cayman Turtle Farm, Box 645GT, George Town, Grand

Florida, University of

62

E-Print Network 3.0 - arsenic compounds Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TO DECREASE ARSENIC EXPOSURE IN BANGLADESH Johanna Louise... have invented ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) a material that effectively and affordably... removes high...

63

Design of a rural water provision system to decrease arsenic exposure in Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Un-Coated Coal Ash (left) and ARUBA (MCL Standards and Un-Coated Coal Ash Leachate Results (Technologies Using Treated Coal Ash. ” California Energy

Mathieu, Johanna

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe laboratory and field results of a novel arsenic removal adsorbent called 'Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash' (ARUBA). ARUBA is prepared by coating particles of coal bottom ash, a waste material from coal fired power plants, with iron (hydr)oxide. The coating process is simple and conducted at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Material costs for ARUBA are estimated to be low (~;;$0.08 per kg) and arsenic remediation with ARUBA has the potential to be affordable to resource-constrained communities. ARUBA is used for removing arsenic via a dispersal-and-removal process, and we envision that ARUBA would be used in community-scale water treatment centers. We show that ARUBA is able to reduce arsenic concentrations in contaminated Bangladesh groundwater to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Using the Langmuir isotherm (R2 = 0.77) ARUBA's adsorption capacity in treating real groundwater is 2.6x10-6 mol/g (0.20 mg/g). Time-to-90percent (defined as the time interval for ARUBA to remove 90percent of the total amount of arsenic that is removed at equilibrium) is less than one hour. Reaction rates (pseudo-second-order kinetic model, R2>_ 0.99) increase from 2.4x105 to 7.2x105 g mol-1 min-1 as the groundwater arsenic concentration decreases from 560 to 170 ppb. We show that ARUBA's arsenic adsorption density (AAD), defined as the milligrams of arsenic removed at equilibrium per gram of ARUBA added, is linearly dependent on the initial arsenic concentration of the groundwater sample, for initial arsenic concentrations of up to 1600 ppb and an ARUBA dose of 4.0 g/L. This makes it easy to determine the amount of ARUBA required to treat a groundwater source when its arsenic concentration is known and less than 1600 ppb. Storing contaminated groundwater for two to three days before treatment is seen to significantly increase ARUBA's AAD. ARUBA can be separated from treated water by coagulation and clarification, which is expected to be less expensive than filtration of micron-scale particles, further contributing to the affordability of a community-scale water treatment center.

MATHIEU, JOHANNA L.; GADGIL, ASHOK J.; ADDY, SUSAN E.A.; KOWOLIK, KRISTIN

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results and Policy Implications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) has proven effective at removing high concentrations of arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of the country, ARUBA reduced arsenic levels ranging from 200 to 900 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate--bottom ash from coal fired power plants--is a waste material readily available in South Asia. In comparison to similar technologies, ARUBA uses less media for arsenic removal due to its high surface area to volume ratio. Hence, less waste is produced. A number of experiments were conducted in Bangladesh to determine the effectiveness of various water treatment protocols. It was found that (1) ARUBA removes more than half of the arsenic from water within five minutes of treatment, (2) ARUBA, that has settled at the bottom of a treatment vessel, continues to remove arsenic for 2-3 days, (3) ARUBA's arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through sequential partial dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once), and (4) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic levels ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well. Our findings imply a number of tradeoffs between ARUBA's effective arsenic removal capacity, treatment system costs, and waste output. These tradeoffs, some a function of arsenic-related policies in Bangladesh (e.g., waste disposal regulations), must be considered when designing an arsenic removal system. We propose that the most attractive option is to use ARUBA in communityscale water treatment centers, installed as public-private partnerships, in Bangladeshi villages.

Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Addy, Susan E.A.

2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

66

JOUKNAI, OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 98. NO. D7. PAGES 12.673-12.685, JULY 20. 1993 Aerosol Selenium at Bermuda and Barbados  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and methane sulfonate(MSA), but the intercept of the Se versusSb regression indicated that a marinebiogenic identification studies [Rahn and Lowenthal, 1984, 1985; Lowenthal et 01.. 1988; Lowenthal and Rahn, 1988). Coal for selenium is not well understood, C o o k andBruland [I9871suggest a similar mechanism where Se

Prospero, Joseph M.

67

From the Great Bahama Bank into the Straits of Florida: A margin architecture controlled by sea-level fluctuations and ocean currents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and exposure of the platform top. The turbidites...turbidites and peri-platform oozes (Eberli, 1988...carbonates are only semi-indurated and have...called them lithoherms. Submersible diving and sampling...farthest away from the platform margin. There, a relatively...

68

Subaerial Diagenesis of Carbonate Sediments: Efficiency of the Solution-Reprecipitation Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Barbados, 1966). 5 APRIL 1968 7. SuLpported by NSF grant No. GA306 and by unrestricted grants from Marathon Oil Co., Esso, and American Oil Foundation. We thank J. C. Hudson, Agronomy Research Unit, Barbados Sugar Producers Association...

William H. Harris; R. K. Matthews

1968-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

69

Lysosomal Stability during Phagocytosis of Aspergillus flavus Spores by Alveolar Macrophages of Cortisone-Treated Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Barbados, 1966). 5 APRIL 1968 7. SuLpported by NSF grant No. GA306 and by unrestricted grants from Marathon Oil Co., Esso, and American Oil Foundation. We thank J. C. Hudson, Agronomy Research Unit, Barbados Sugar Producers Association...

Leonard Merkow; Matias Pardo; Sheldon M. Epstein; Ethel Verney; Herschel Sidransky

1968-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

70

Moldova-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

71

Russian-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

72

Ghana-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal,...

73

Bahamian carbonate platform development in response to sea-level changes and the closure of the Isthmus of Panama  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we show that the development of the sediment architecture at the leeward toe-of-slope of Great Bahama Bank (Ocean Drilling Project Leg 166, Bahama Transect) during the last 6 Ma is not only a respon...

John J. Reijmer; Christian Betzler; Dick Kroon…

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

The International Monetary Fund and the Global Spread of Privatization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bahamas, Botswana, Cyprus, Suriname and Syria. ). OurGreece Ireland Singapore Suriname IMF-WB correlation for all

Brune, Nancy Elizabeth; Garrett, Geoffrey; Kogut, Bruce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

International Services Fall 2012 Total Enrollment = 2105  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1% Suriname 2 0.1% Armenia 1 0.05% Aruba 1 0.05% Belgium 1 0.05% Botswana 1 0.05% Burkina Faso 1 0.05% Cyprus

Meyers, Steven D.

76

New Ostracoda (Halocyprida: Thaumatocyprididae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Bahamas, Palau, and Mexico LOUIS S. KORNICKER and THOMAS M. ILIFFE SMITHSONIAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO ZOOLOGY (Halocyprida: Thaumatocyprididae and Halocyprididae) from Anchialine Caves in the Bahamas, Palau, and Mexico and Halocypridididae) from Anchialine Caves in the Bahamas, Palau, and Mexico. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology

Iliffe, Thomas M.

77

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash Title Arsenic remediation of drinking water using iron-oxide coated coal bottom ash Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Mathieu, Johanna L., Ashok J. Gadgil, Susan E. Addy, and Kristin Kowolik Journal Environmental Science and Health Keywords airflow and pollutant transport group, arsenic, bangladesh, coal bottom ash, drinking water, indoor environment department, water contaminants, water treatment Abstract We describe laboratory and field results of a novel arsenic removal adsorbent called 'Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash' (ARUBA). ARUBA is prepared by coating particles of coal bottom ash, a waste material from coal fired power plants, with iron (hydr)oxide. The coating process is simple and conducted at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Material costs for ARUBA are estimated to be low (~$0.08 per kg) and arsenic remediation with ARUBA has the potential to be affordable to resource-constrained communities. ARUBA is used for removing arsenic via a dispersal-and-removal process, and we envision that ARUBA would be used in community-scale water treatment centers. We show that ARUBA is able to reduce arsenic concentrations in contaminated Bangladesh groundwater to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Using the Langmuir isotherm (R2 = 0.77) ARUBA's adsorption capacity in treating real groundwater is 2.6×10-6 mol/g (0.20 mg/g). Time-to-90% (defined as the time interval for ARUBA to remove 90% of the total amount of arsenic that is removed at equilibrium) is less than one hour. Reaction rates (pseudo-second-order kinetic model, R2 ≥ 0.99) increase from 2.4×105 to 7.2×105 g mol-1 min-1 as the groundwater arsenic concentration decreases from 560 to 170 ppb. We show that ARUBA's arsenic adsorption density (AAD), defined as the milligrams of arsenic removed at equilibrium per gram of ARUBA added, is linearly dependent on the initial arsenic concentration of the groundwater sample, for initial arsenic concentrations of up to 1600 ppb and an ARUBA dose of 4.0 g/L. This makes it easy to determine the amount of ARUBA required to treat a groundwater source when its arsenic concentration is known and less than 1600 ppb. Storing contaminated groundwater for two to three days before treatment is seen to significantly increase ARUBA's AAD. ARUBA can be separated from treated water by coagulation and clarification, which is expected to be less expensive than filtration of micron-scale particles, further contributing to the affordability of a community-scale water treatment center

78

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results & Policy Implications Title Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results & Policy Implications Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2009 Authors Mathieu, Johanna L., Ashok J. Gadgil, Kristin Kowolik, and Susan E. Addy Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract of arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of the country, ARUBA reduced arsenic levels ranging from 200 to 900 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate-bottom ash from coal fired power plants-is a waste material readily available in South Asia. In comparison to similar technologies, ARUBA uses less media for arsenic removal due to its high surface area to volume ratio. Hence, less waste is produced. A number of experiments were conducted in Bangladesh to determine the effectiveness of various water treatment protocols. It was found that (1) ARUBA removes more thanhalf of the arsenic from water within five minutes of treatment, (2) ARUBA, that has settled at the bottom of a treatment vessel, continues to remove arsenic for 2-3 days, (3) ARUBA's arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through sequential partial dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once), and (4) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic levels ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well. Our findings imply a number of tradeoffs between ARUBA's effective arsenic removal capacity, treatment system costs, and waste output. These tradeoffs, some a function of arsenic-related policies in Bangladesh (e.g., waste disposal regulations), must be considered when designing anarsenic removal system. We propose that the most attractive option is to use ARUBA in communityscale water treatment centers, installed as public-private partnerships, in Bangladeshi villages

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Slovenka... Monaco Mongolia...

80

Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation Interactions in the Trade Wind Boundary Layer.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation includes an overview of aerosol, cloud, and precipitation properties associated with shallow marine cumulus clouds observed during the Barbados Aerosol Cloud Experiment (BACEX,… (more)

Jung, Eunsil

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aruba bahamas barbados" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

TOOLS AND METHODS FOR STUDIES IN COASTAL ECOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TOOLS AND METHODS FOR STUDIES IN COASTAL ECOLOGY OF THE BAHAMAS Version 1.2. April 2006 #12;TOOLS AND METHODS IN COASTAL ECOLOGY 2006 2 Copyright 2006 K Sullivan Sealey Contributing Authors Kathleen Semon for Coastal Ecological Studies of The Bahamas. University of Miami, Coral Gables, Fl. 33124. 111 pp. #12;TOOLS

Sealey, Kathleen Sullivan

82

A Companion Guide to the Fully-Protected Marine Reserves Public Exhibition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the fishing industry in The Bahamas, The Department of Fisheries pursues a number of avenues to ensure, The Nature Conservancy, and the Department of Fisheries The Commonwealth of The Bahamas #12;Around the world, fishermen and fisheries managers have seen a dramatic decline in fish stocks due to factors

83

-150 -100 -50 0 50 100 150 global mean T = 3.0 K  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Caicos Islands Kiribati Bahamas Cayman Islands Marshall Islands United States Minor Outlying Islands Vietnam Indonesia Japan United States Egypt Thailand Myanmar T [K] uncertainty[%ofglobalpop.] 0 0.2 0 Bahamas Cayman Islands Marshall Islands United States Minor Outlying Islands Cocos Islands British Indian

Levermann, Anders

84

U.S. and Bahamian Governments to Cooperate on Detecting Illicit Shipments  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bahamian Governments to Cooperate on Detecting Illicit Bahamian Governments to Cooperate on Detecting Illicit Shipments of Nuclear Material U.S. and Bahamian Governments to Cooperate on Detecting Illicit Shipments of Nuclear Material January 11, 2005 - 9:46am Addthis Bahamas to Become First Caribbean Country to Use Detection Equipment NASSAU, BAHAMAS -- In an effort to work together in the war on terrorism, the United States and the Commonwealth of the Bahamas recently signed an agreement to install special equipment at one of the Bahamas' busiest seaports to detect hidden shipments of nuclear and other radioactive material, Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham announced today. The Bahamas will be the first country in the Caribbean to deploy this type of detection system. "Helping better protect the world's maritime shipping network from

85

C E L E B R A T I N G 7 5 Y E A R S " 1 9 2 9 2 0 0 4 2004 World Population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic 1.7 Suriname 1.7 10 Thailand 1.5 Barbados 1.5 12 Ukraine 1.4 13 Myanmar 1.2 14 Jamaica 1.2 15

86

International Student Enrollment Report Report based on Active F-1 & J-1 International  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Austria 2 51 Malaysia 166 5 Bahamas 4 52 Mauritius 2 6 Bangladesh 6 53 Mexico 14 7 Belarus 2 54 Mongolia 2 by Curricula Undergraduate Graduate Other OPT Total Natural Resources & Conservation 1 1 Area, Ethnic, Cultural

Bordenstein, Seth

87

FIRST PRICE AND SECOND PRICE AUCTION MODELLING FOR ENERGY CONTRACTS IN LATIN AMERICAN ELECTRICITY MARKETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JAMAICA HAITI SURINAME FR.GUY. PARAGUAY URUGUAY MÃ?XICO GUATEMALA MEXICO NICARAGUA PANAMA EL SALVADOR &TOBAGO BAHAMAS JAMAICA HAITI SURINAME FR.GUY. PARAGUAY URUGUAY MEXICO COUNTRIES WITHOUT REFORMOR

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

88

Download Full-text PDF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bahamas and South Africa has been suggested as having protected reefs from ...... latitude wind stress: The energy source for climatic shifts in the North Pacific Ocean. Fish ... Spatial and temporal variability of solar ultraviolet exposure of coral ...

2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

89

Gazette d'Amsterdam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[3 VLESSINGUE] sur 2 vaiss. de sa M. Catholique[4 SP] o? ils se m?loient de batiser des enfants de c?te ville-l?. *IM Imprim? chez CORNEILLE JANZ ZWOLL, Marchand Libraire sur le Dam ? l'Enseigne du Mercure, le Judi 27 Dec. 1668. # *TI LA GAZETTE D... arriv?s d'ici. *d L'on a aussi avis que le vaiss. nomm? le _Marchand Polonois_[4 MARCHAND POLONOIS] est arriv? des Barbados[3 BARBADOS] ? Corunnas[3 CORUNNAS]; Mais on apprehende fort pour le vaiss. de la _Montagne d'or_[4 MONTAGNE D'OR] venant ici de...

Ries, Paul

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

90

International Orientation Report 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexico 5 Sri Lanka 1 Bangladesh 3 Guatemala 3 Nepal 1 Swaziland 1 Barbados 1 Guinea 1 Netherlands 2 students to resources on the ISSS website and campus partners to help them prepare in the time leading up to their arrival at Vanderbilt. A special section of the ISSS website is devoted to resources for Life

Bordenstein, Seth

91

High-Latitude Dust Over the North Atlantic: Inputs from Icelandic Proglacial Dust Storms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...agustsson H. Olafsson H. , Forecasting wind gusts in complex terrain . Meteorol. Atmos...composition of African dust measured in trade wind aerosols at Barbados and Miami...version of this article illus. incl. sketch maps United States 201225 10.1126/science...

Joseph M. Prospero; Joanna E. Bullard; Richard Hodgkins

2012-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

92

Vol. 133: 13-28, 1996 MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

patterns of coral reef fish larval supply to Barbados,West Indies Su Sponaugle*,Robert K. Cowen Marine deployed nightly at each of the 3 sites for 70 d. A total of 82 species from 31 farmlies was collected (duringthe quar- ter moons).East-west (onshore-offshore)transport due to tidal flows occurred on a much

Sponaugle, Su

93

Conclusions and recommendations of the Latin America and Caribbean Regional Energy Conservation Seminar, Alajuela, Costa Rica, January 14-17, 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reports were given on active energy-conservation projects in the region (Barbados, Jamaica, Central American region and Panama, Peru, Ecuador, the Dominican Republic, and Costa Rica). In addition, there were presentations on energy auditing, fuel substitution, and financing energy conservation. Although the seminar concentrated on the industrial sector, it also explored opportunities for energy-efficiency improvements in the building and transportation sectors.

Not Available

1985-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

94

Geometry and continuity of fine-grained reservoir sandstones deformed within an accretionary prism - Basal Unit, West Woodbourne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Basal Unit of West Woodbourne Field in Barbados is a 250 m thick succession of finely-interbedded sandstones and mudstones deposited by Paleogene, fine-grained, deep-water systems off the northern South American margin and deformed as sediments...

Blackman, Ingrid Maria

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

95

THE UNITED STATES SHRIMP FISHERY OFF NORTHEASTERN SOUTH AMERICA (1972-74)1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; pink shrimp, P. notialis; and white shrimp, P. schmitti. The areas offGuyana, Surinam, and western sustainable yield to be 28.7 million pounds and a linear model estimated the maximum sustainable yield Brazil and Barbados, Surinam, and Trinidad and Tobago. SOURCES OF DATA AND METHODS Catch data for U

96

On the seasonal and synoptic time scale variability of the North Atlantic trades and its low-level clouds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The seasonality in large-scale meteorology and low-level cloud amount (CClow) is explored for a 5°×5° area in the North-Atlantic trades, using twelve years of ERA-Interim and MODIS data, supported by two years of Barbados Cloud Observatory (BCO) ...

Matthias Brueck; Louise Nuijens; Bjorn Stevens

97

Polarization sensitivity as a contrast enhancer in pelagic predators: lessons from in situ polarization imaging of transparent zooplankton  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...extremely clear Bahamian and Gulf of Mexico waters (Jerlov type I), the...the exact angle depended on solar elevation and azimuth and water...boat operations in the Gulf of Mexico and the Bahamas. We thank Canon...north west Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. Biol. Bull. 195, 337-348...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

MAY 2013 POPULAR SCIENCE 5150 POPULAR SCIENCE MAY 2013 DATA DRIVEN Dr. Neil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAY 2013 POPULAR SCIENCE 5150 POPULAR SCIENCE MAY 2013 DATA DRIVEN Dr. Neil Hammerschlag (wearing a gray T-shirt) tracks sharks using a new kind of marine-animal tag that he helped design. His data could SCIENCE 5352 POPULAR SCIENCE MAY 2013 APEX PREDATOR We are in the Bahamas, in a marine preserve, fishing

Miami, University of

99

Enriched stable carbon isotopes in the pore waters of carbonate sediments dominated by seagrasses: Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enriched stable carbon isotopes in the pore waters of carbonate sediments dominated by seagrasses inorganic carbon (d13 C-DIC) were carried out in shallow water carbonate sediments of the Great Bahamas Bank (GBB) to further examine sediment­seagrass relationships and to more quantitatively describe the cou

Burdige, David

100

A Long-Range Program to Parameterize the Two-Dimensional Evolution of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is controlled from a land- based #12;eld data center, located on the northeast margin of the Bight (Basin Harbor of the Little Bahama Bank (the Bight of Abaco). This phase of the program is also developing the adjoint wave of the Bight. During the second experi- ment in March/April 1991, these stations will be located throughout

Snyder, Russell L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aruba bahamas barbados" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Pelagic Sedimentation of Aragonite: Its Geochemical Significance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...DEPOSITION AND CALCAREOUS ALGAE IN BIGHT OF ABACO, BAHAMAS - BUDGET...oceanography Pacific Ocean Panama Basin pelagic environment pelagic...A C A C A C A C flux Panama Basin (station PB) (5 21'N...station E) and the Pan-ama Basin in the Pacific (station PB...

ROBERT A. BERNER; SUSUMU HONJO

1981-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

102

Rates of burial and disturbance of experimentally-deployed molluscs; implications for preservation potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...21 sites in seven environments of deposition (EOD's) in the Gulf of Mexico and at five EOD's on the Bahamas platform edge. A total of...21 sites in seven environments of deposition (EOD's) in the Gulf of Mexico and at five EOD's...

Karla M. Parsons-Hubbard; W. Russell Callender; Eric N. Powell; Carlton E. Brett; Sally E. Walker; Anne L. Raymond; George M. Staff

103

Researchers use a long pole to attach a digital tag, or D-tag, with suction cups to awhale off  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Bahamas. The noninvasive tags record the movements of marine mammals and the sounds they make and hear opens undersea test site to scientists to find ways to avoid harm to marine mammals Nine years ago recognize that one of our tools in use for 50 years may have detrimental ef- fects on marine mammals under

104

An analysis of ovine lymphocyte antigens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of four breeds of sheep (Finnish Landrace, Barbados& Rambouillet and Karakul). The sera were collected in clean untreated tubes and allowed to clot at room temperature ~ The coagu1a were removed and centrifugation separated the sera from the remaining... ml of McCoy's media (pH 7. 2 Gibco) and 1 ml of heparin (Sodium, beef lung, 1000 units per ml, VpJohn) were injected into vacuum tubes using sterile hypodermic needless A 20 ml sample of blood was drawn from the jugular vein by means of a sterile...

Boehm, Robert Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

105

UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Global Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Green Jobs Initiative, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning Country Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa, Ukraine

106

Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the Galaxy with the combined IceCube-AMANDA detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Providence Dr., Anchorage, AK 99508, USA 44 Department of Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP, UK 45 Department of Physics, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Bridgetown BB11000, Barbados 46 NASA Goddard Space Flight... sources of cosmic rays in the Galaxy are the remnants of supernovae (both shell-type and pulsar wind nebulae), the jets of microquasars, and the collective winds of massive stars (Hillas 2005; Tavani et al. 2009; Corbel & Fermi-LAT Collaboration 2010...

Abbasi, R.; Besson, David Zeke

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

107

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.PDF 2.PDF Table 32. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 1 0 - - 58 58 - - - Australia .............................. - 0 0 - - 1 1 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - 0 6 - - 21 21 2 0 2 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 1 1 - - - Belgium ............................... - 2 - - - - - - 0 0 Belize .................................. - - - - - 62 62 - 0 0 Brazil ................................... - 0 410 - - 609 609 - - - Canada ............................... 2,425 2,728 421 - - 34 34 0 183 183 Cayman Islands .................. - - - - - 25 25 - -

108

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 51. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 0 0 - - 118 118 - - - Australia .............................. - 0 0 - - 0 0 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - - 23 - - 875 875 0 314 315 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 1 1 - - - Belgium ............................... - - - - - - - - - - Belize .................................. - - - - - 0 0 - - - Brazil ................................... - 4 1,238 - - - - - - - Canada ............................... 2,975 2,324 654 - - 348 348 0 1,408 1,408 Cayman Islands ..................

109

TABLE28.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8. 8. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, (Thousand Barrels) Destination Liquefied Finished Crude Pentanes Petroleum Motor Distillate Fuel Residual Oil a Plus Gases Gasoline Jet Fuel Kerosene Oil Fuel Oil January 1998 Argentina .............................................. 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 Australia ............................................... 0 0 (s) (s) 0 0 1 0 Bahama Islands ................................... 0 0 21 1 1 (s) 54 (s) Bahrain ................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Belgium & Luxembourg ........................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 Brazil .................................................... 0 0 (s) 0 82 0 150 0 Cameroon ............................................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada ................................................ 1,168 461 331 137 595 11 438 633 Chile .....................................................

110

SC e-journals, Science (General/Popular)  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science (General/Popular) Science (General/Popular) Aestimatio: Critical Reviews in the History of Science - OAJ Air, Soil and Water Research - OAJ Analyst Astronomy and Astrophysics Review, The Australian Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society - OAJ Bioelectromagnetics Biotechnology & Bioengineering Cancer Prevention Journals Portal Cancer Prevention Research Cancer Reviews Online Catalysis Today College of the Bahamas Research Journal - OAJ Columbia Undergraduate Science Journal - OAJ Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics Economist, De Electricity Journal, The Endeavour Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education - OAJ EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking - OAJ European Food Research and Technology A European Physical Journal C Fibreculture Journal - OAJ

111

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Database Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.olade.org/sieeEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

112

OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar Agency/Company /Organization: Latin America Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Presentation, Webinar, Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.olade.org/eficiencia/indexEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

113

OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Implementation, Background analysis Website: www.olade.org/proyectoPlanificacionEnergetica.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

114

Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.olade.org/sielEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

115

TEWS'98. Final report [5th annual International Science Camp: The Earth We Share 1998, Golden, CO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fifth annual International Science Camp The Earth We Share 1998 (TEWS'98) was held at the Colorado School of Mines located in Goldez Colorado. TEWS98 was a four week residential program which focused on providing a meaningful science education experience while developing critical thinking skills. Thirty three students, three teachers, four college interns and the camp administrator lived and worked together while developing solutions to several worldwide problems. These problems are called the Discovery Topics and they are: (1) design the worlds perfect house; (2) how many people can the world hold; and (3) predict the hot stocks for the year 2030. The participants, both students and staff came from different countries all over the world The following countries were represented: The United Kingdom, Sierra Leone (West Africa), Ireland, USA Nigeria, West Indies and Barbados.

Mae C. Jemison

1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

116

Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Heating Market Jump to: navigation, search Name Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Heating Market Agency/Company /Organization Latin America Energy Organization Partner UNEP Sector Energy Focus Area - Solar Hot Water Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Workshop Website http://www.olade.org/iniciativ Country Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Nicaragua, Peru UN Region Caribbean, Central America, South America References Renewable Energy and Environment Coordination[1] OLADE is a Latin American organization working with Central American countries on climate change vulnerability for hydroelectric systems and adaptation options. Specific activities include: methodology for climate

117

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boundary Layer Cloud Climatology at the ARM TWP Nauru Boundary Layer Cloud Climatology at the ARM TWP Nauru Site P. Kollias Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science/ Environmental Technology Laboratory University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado B.A. Albrecht University of Miami Miami, Florida Introduction Boundary layer (BL) clouds are fundamental in regulating the vertical structure of water vapor and entropy in the lowest 2 km of the Earth's atmosphere. Data on fair-weather cumuli have also received relatively little recent attention compared with marine stratocumulus clouds. Studies made thirty years ago, Barbados Oceanographic and Meteorological Experiment (BOMEX, 1969) and the Atlantic Trade- Wind Experiment (ATEX, 1969), provided key analyses (Augstein et al., 1973; Holland and Rassmusen,

118

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 52. Year-to-Date Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 1 1 - - 1,675 1,675 - 0 0 Australia .............................. - 2 5 - - 302 302 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - 1 157 - - 2,602 2,602 7 958 965 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 2 2 - 0 0 Belgium ............................... - 3 256 - - - - - 19 19 Belize .................................. - - - - - 0 0 - 1 1 Brazil ................................... - 24 10,364 - - 1,626 1,626 - 3,162 3,162 Canada ...............................

119

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 3 2 - - 1,506 1,506 - - - Australia .............................. - 2 7 - - 316 316 0 1 1 Bahamas ............................ - 1 136 - - 1,284 1,284 12 1,042 1,054 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 4 4 - 0 0 Belgium ............................... - 5 303 - - 248 248 - 50 50 Belize .................................. - - 0 - - 96 96 - 1 1 Brazil ................................... - 29 5,443 - - 6,240 6,240 - 3,909 3,909 Canada ............................... 24,688 42,457 6,994 - - 2,958 2,958 1,832 6,854 8,687

120

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5, DOE/EIA-M062(2005) (Washington, DC, 2005). 5, DOE/EIA-M062(2005) (Washington, DC, 2005). Energy Information Administration/Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2006 101 Primary Flows Secondary Flows Pipeline Border Crossing Specific LNG Terminals Primary Flows Secondary Flows Pipeline Border Crossing Specific LNG Terminals Generic LNG Terminals Alaska Alaska MacKenzie W. Canada E. Canada Canada Offshore & LNG Pacific (9) Mountain (8) CA (12) AZ/NM (11) W. South Central (7) E. South Central (6) W. North Central (4) E. North Central (3) Mid Atlantic (2) New Engl. (1) S. Atlantic (5) FL (10) Bahamas Mexico Figure 8. Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model Regions Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting Report #:DOE/EIA-0554(2006) Release date: March 2006 Next release date: March 2007

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121

Hurricane Earl - Where Is It Headed and What Does It Have to Do With  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hurricane Earl - Where Is It Headed and What Does It Have to Do Hurricane Earl - Where Is It Headed and What Does It Have to Do With Energy? Hurricane Earl - Where Is It Headed and What Does It Have to Do With Energy? September 1, 2010 - 5:50pm Addthis Dr. Richard Newell Dr. Richard Newell Hurricane Earl has the East Coast of the United States in his sights. Earl is moving northward from the Bahamas, and is expected to skirt the U.S. Atlantic coast from Cape Hatteras to New England, before making landfall in Nova Scotia over the Labor Day weekend. But hurricane paths are uncertain, so we'll have to wait and see where Earl actually ends up. In any event, what does this have to do with energy? Hurricanes can disrupt energy supplies and markets. In addition to the potential for electricity outages, hurricanes can affect offshore oil and gas production, petroleum

122

Hurricane Earl - Where Is It Headed and What Does It Have to Do With  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hurricane Earl - Where Is It Headed and What Does It Have to Do Hurricane Earl - Where Is It Headed and What Does It Have to Do With Energy? Hurricane Earl - Where Is It Headed and What Does It Have to Do With Energy? September 1, 2010 - 5:50pm Addthis Dr. Richard Newell Dr. Richard Newell Hurricane Earl has the East Coast of the United States in his sights. Earl is moving northward from the Bahamas, and is expected to skirt the U.S. Atlantic coast from Cape Hatteras to New England, before making landfall in Nova Scotia over the Labor Day weekend. But hurricane paths are uncertain, so we'll have to wait and see where Earl actually ends up. In any event, what does this have to do with energy? Hurricanes can disrupt energy supplies and markets. In addition to the potential for electricity outages, hurricanes can affect offshore oil and gas production, petroleum

123

SC e-journals, Open Access Journals by Publisher  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Open Access Journals by Publisher Open Access Journals by Publisher ABM, ABC, ABPol, SBCC, SBCr, SBMM, SBPMat AcademicDirect Academy & Industry Research Collaboration Center (AIRCC) Albert Einstein Institute Alexandru Ioan Cuza University Publishing House American Physical Society Ashdin Publishing Asian Network for Scientific Information Association for Development through Science and Education Atlantis Press Australian Centre of Emerging Technologies and Society Beilstein-Institut BioChem Press BioMed Central Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences Brazilian Society of Plant Breeding Canadian Center of Science and Education College of the Bahamas, The Columbia University Libraries Copernicus GmbH CSA Editura Universităţii din Oradea EduRad Publishing

124

Complete genome sequence of Stackebrandtia nassauensis type strain (LLR-40K-21T)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stackebrandtia nassauensis Labeda and Kroppenstedt (2005) is the type species of the genus Stackebrandtia, and a member of the actinobacterial family Glycomycetaceae. Strackebrandtia currently contains two species, which are differentiated from Glycomyces spp. by cellular fatty acid and menaquinone composition. Strain LLR-40K-21T is Gram-positive, aerobic, and nonmotile, with a branched substrate mycelium and on some media an aerial mycelium. The strain was originally isolated from a soil sample collected from a road side in Nassau, Bahamas. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. This is the first complete genome sequence of the actinobacterial suborder Glycomycineae. The 6,841,557 bp long single replicon genome with its 6487 protein-coding and 53 RNA genes is part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

Munk, Christine [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Jando, Marlen [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Mayilraj, Shanmugam [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Chen, Feng [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Chain, Patrick S. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Goker, Markus [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Ovchinnikova, Galina [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mavromatis, K [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Chen, Amy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Palaniappan, Krishna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Chang, Yun-Juan [ORNL; Jeffries, Cynthia [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Bristow, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Eisen, Jonathan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Markowitz, Victor [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Hugenholtz, Philip [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Klenk, Hans-Peter [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

EA-1976: Emera CNG, LLC Compressed Natural Gas Project, Florida  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA will evaluate the potential environmental impacts associated with a proposal by Emera CNG, LLC that would include Emera's CNG plant Emera’s CNG plant would include facilities to receive, dehydrate, and compress gas to fill pressure vessels with an open International Organization for Standardization (ISO) container frame mounted on trailers. Emera plans to truck the trailers a distance of a quarter mile from its proposed CNG facility to a berth at the Port of Palm Beach, where the trailers will be loaded onto a roll-on/roll-off ocean going carrier. Emera plans to receive natural gas at its planned compression facility from the Riviera Lateral, a pipeline owned and operated by Peninsula Pipeline Company. Although this would be the principal source of natural gas to Emera’s CNG facility for export, during periods of maintenance at Emera’s facility, or at the Port of Palm Beach, Emera may obtain CNG from other sources and/or export CNG from other general-use Florida port facilities. The proposed Emera facility will initially be capable of loading 8 million cubic feet per day (MMcf/day) of CNG into ISO containers and, after full build-out, would be capable to load up to 25 MMcf/day. For the initial phase of the project, Emera intends to send these CNG ISO containers from Florida to Freeport, Grand Bahama Island, where the trailers will be unloaded, the CNG decompressed, and injected into a pipeline for transport to electric generation plants owned and operated by Grand Bahama Power Company (GBPC). DOE authorizing the exportation of CNG and is not providing funding or financial assistance for the Emera Project.

126

International Coal Prices for Industry- EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industry for Selected Countries1 Industry for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA 37.24 NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 55.54 74.15 86.26 168.56 175.88 178.48 199.93 245.60 239.30 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bulgaria NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China 27.15 30.40 32.14 43.17 NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA 42.85 49.66 NA

127

International Natural Gas Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Households for Selected Countries1 Households for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per 107 Kilocalories - Gross Calorific Value2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 368.5 379.3 590.6 686.2 729.6 785.0 936.5 1,024.3 1,060.3 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada 294.1 236.2 339.8 361.4 429.6 481.6 487.0 512.7 NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) 372.5 253.2 278.6 310.3 360.1 385.7 435.7 538.5 NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA 361.2 437.8 NA Croatia 235.5 281.4 332.3 386.2 391.4 400.8 436.7 NA NA Cuba NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

128

International Natural Gas Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per 107 Kilocalories - Gross Calorific Value2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium C C C C C C C C C Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada 145.5 144.7 174.9 171.9 225.2 NA NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) 244.7 252.1 258.6 281.0 326.2 348.5 400.8 499.3 NA

129

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 83.0 96.4 146.4 153.3 182.2 226.1 220.3 342.3 248.3 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium 155.1 160.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada 115.7 117.8 180.4 141.5 198.4 222.4 NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Cuba NA NA NA 183.4 NA NA NA NA NA

130

Electricity Prices for Households - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Households for Selected Countries1 Households for Selected Countries1 (U.S. Dollars per Kilowatthour) Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.023 NA NA Australia 0.091 0.092 0.094 0.098 NA NA NA NA NA Austria 0.144 0.154 0.152 0.163 0.158 0.158 0.178 0.201 NA Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.145 0.171 NA Canada 0.067 0.069 0.070 0.071 0.076 0.078 NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.140 0.195 NA China NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) 0.075 0.071 0.074 0.076 0.079 0.079 0.080 0.086 NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.111 0.135 NA

131

A limited assessment and characterization of the solar radiation energy resources in the Caribbean region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of our work was to produce a preliminary assessment and characterization of the Caribbean region (Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, and Panama) solar radiation energy resources. Such information will be used to estimate the performance of, and identify the most promising applications of, solar heat technologies in the Caribbean region. We expect the solar radiation resources in the Caribbean region to be very location specific. Sunny areas will have an annual direct-beam resource of about 3,000 kWhm/sup /minus 2// and a global solar radiation resource of about 2,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2//. Cloud-covered areas will have annual solar radiation resources of about 1,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2/ for both the direct-beam and the global solar radiation. Monthly levels of solar radiaion will vary markedly, ranging from an average of 9 to 3 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the direct-beam and from an average of 7 to 4 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the global solar radiation. The Caribbean region is comparable to the Great Plains region of the US, in terms of annual solar radiation resources; however, thorough ''prospecting'' is required to avoid areas having very low amounts of solar radiation.

Hulstrom, R.L.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Pool heating system on island brings year-round enjoyment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bahamas is not generally thought of as a place in need of pool heating. However, the remote Bahamian island of Treasure Cay is actually situated north of Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Pool temperatures drop during the winter, thus shortening the swimming season. The Beach Villas Homeowners Association of Treasure Cay investigated pool-heating options some time ago. Energy on Treasure Cay is expensive - about 25 cents/kWh - making cost a major concern for the association as they evaluated their choices. An electric heat pump was rule out as it would place too great a burden on the electricity load of the remote island. Heating the pool with propane gas was deemed far too costly. After evaluating each of these heating methods on the basis of economics, energy efficiency, and comfort, the association concluded that solar would be the best method. They selected a solar pool heating system manufactured by FAFCO, Inc. and installed by SUNWORKS in Ft. Lauderdale. The system requires virtually no daily maintenance, and there have been no problems with the system since its installation. In addition to being trouble-free, the FAFCO solar pool heater has saved Treasure Cay a great deal of money. The equipment cost about $9,500; lumber, PVC, and labor brought the total cost to $13,000. By comparison, a propane-gas system would have cost $4,000 but would have generated a yearly gas bill of $12,000. Therefore, payback on the system began immediately upon installation.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Formation of diagenetic dolomite in coastal sabkha along Arabian (Persian) Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aragonitic intertidal sediments are being dolomitized in the subsurface supratidal environment of a sabkha along the south shore of the Arabian (Persian) Gulf as a result of the percolation of wind-driven marine-derived brines. The development of abundant diagenetic dolomite results from a optimum combination of high mMg/sup 2 +//mCa/sup 2 +/ ratio fluids, a rapid flow rate which is related to the flooding frequency and sediment permeability, and a shoreline configuration that maintains the proper conditions for a sufficient length of time. Most diagenetic dolomite forms at the expense of primary aragonite according to the reaction: Mg/sup 2 +/ + 2CaCO/sub 3/(arag) ..-->.. CaMg(CO/sub 3/)/sub 2/ + Ca/sup 2 +/. Dolomite forms under the following conditions: (a) chloride concentration between 3.25 and 3.75 mCl/sup -//Kg; (b) mMg/sup 2 +//mCa/sup 2 +/ greater than about 6; (c) pH between 6.3 and 6.9; (d) minimum P/sub CO2/ of 10/sup -2/ to 10/sup -3/ atm; (e) temperature between 25 and 40/sup 0/C; (f) saturation with respect to gypsum; and (g) reducing environment in association with hydrogen sulfide. Other recent dolomite occurrences in the Bahamas, Florida, and Bonaire are significantly different in terms of stratigraphy, degree of lithification, and evaporite mineral association from those in the Arabian Gulf.

Patterson, R.J. (Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia); Kinsman, D.J.J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Bacterially induced precipitation of CaCO{sub 3}: An example from studies of cyanobacterial mats. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bacteria induce the precipitation of calcium carbonate in the laboratory and in nature by altering their chemical environment. Geologists are recognizing the possibility that bacterially induced precipitates may form significant mineral deposits, unfortunately, there are currently no sound criteria by which they can be recognized in recent sediments, or in the rock record. Cultures of aerobic and facultative bacteria from cyanobacterial mats on Andros Island, Bahamas, and Baffin Bay, Texas, induced the precipitation of calcium carbonate under controlled conditions. Crusts, the largest features formed, are composed of 5--200{mu}m diameter bundles which are, in turn, composed of numerous individual crystals. The smallest observed features are 0.1--0.4{mu}m spheres and rods which comprise some individual crystals and crystal bundles. Crystal bundles resembling rhombohedra, tetragonal disphenoids, tetragonal dipyramids, and calcite dumbbells appear to be uniquely bacterial in origin, and they have all been observed in recent sediments. Swollen rods, discs, curved dumbbells, and 50--200{mu}m optically continuous crystals resembling brushes may be uniquely bacterial in origin, however, they have not been reported by other laboratories nor observed in natural settings. Presence of any of these forms in recent sediments should be taken as strong evidence for bacterial influence. Spheres and aragonite dumbbells have also been observed in natural environments, however, they are not always bacterial in origin. Precipitation of calcium carbonate occurs preferentially on dead cyanobacteria in the presence of bacteria. Lithification of algal mats to form stromatolites may take place in the zone of decaying organic matter due to bacterial activity.

Chafetz, H.S.

1990-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

135

Bacterially induced precipitation of CaCO sub 3 : An example from studies of cyanobacterial mats  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bacteria induce the precipitation of calcium carbonate in the laboratory and in nature by altering their chemical environment. Geologists are recognizing the possibility that bacterially induced precipitates may form significant mineral deposits, unfortunately, there are currently no sound criteria by which they can be recognized in recent sediments, or in the rock record. Cultures of aerobic and facultative bacteria from cyanobacterial mats on Andros Island, Bahamas, and Baffin Bay, Texas, induced the precipitation of calcium carbonate under controlled conditions. Crusts, the largest features formed, are composed of 5--200{mu}m diameter bundles which are, in turn, composed of numerous individual crystals. The smallest observed features are 0.1--0.4{mu}m spheres and rods which comprise some individual crystals and crystal bundles. Crystal bundles resembling rhombohedra, tetragonal disphenoids, tetragonal dipyramids, and calcite dumbbells appear to be uniquely bacterial in origin, and they have all been observed in recent sediments. Swollen rods, discs, curved dumbbells, and 50--200{mu}m optically continuous crystals resembling brushes may be uniquely bacterial in origin, however, they have not been reported by other laboratories nor observed in natural settings. Presence of any of these forms in recent sediments should be taken as strong evidence for bacterial influence. Spheres and aragonite dumbbells have also been observed in natural environments, however, they are not always bacterial in origin. Precipitation of calcium carbonate occurs preferentially on dead cyanobacteria in the presence of bacteria. Lithification of algal mats to form stromatolites may take place in the zone of decaying organic matter due to bacterial activity.

Chafetz, H.S.

1990-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

136

Geoscience Perspectives in Carbon Sequestration - Educational Training and Research Through Classroom, Field, and Laboratory Investigations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most effective mechanism to limit CO{sub 2} release from underground Geologic Carbon Sequestration (GCS) sites over multi-century time scales will be to convert the CO{sub 2} into solid carbonate minerals. This report describes the results from four independent research investigations on carbonate mineralization: 1) Colloidal calcite particles forming in Maramec Spring, Missouri, provide a natural analog to evaluate reactions that may occur in a leaking GCS site. The calcite crystals form as a result of physiochemical changes that occur as the spring water rises from a depth of more than 190'?. The resultant pressure decrease induces a loss of CO{sub 2} from the water, rise in pH, lowering of the solubility of Ca{sup 2+} and CO{sub 3}{sup 2-}, and calcite precipitation. Equilibrium modelling of the spring water resulted in a calculated undersaturated state with respect to calcite. The discontinuity between the observed occurrence of calcite and the model result predicting undersaturated conditions can be explained if bicarbonate ions (HCO{sub 3}{sup -}) are directly involved in precipitation process rather than just carbonate ions (CO{sub 3}{sup 2-}). 2) Sedimentary rocks in the Oronto Group of the Midcontinent Rift (MCR) system contain an abundance of labile Ca-, Mg-, and Fe-silicate minerals that will neutralize carbonic acid and provide alkaline earth ions for carbonate mineralization. One of the challenges in using MCR rocks for GCS results from their low porosity and permeability. Oronto Group samples were reacted with both CO{sub 2}-saturated deionized water at 90°C, and a mildly acidic leachant solution in flow-through core-flooding reactor vessels at room temperature. Resulting leachate solutions often exceeded the saturation limit for calcite. Carbonate crystals were also detected in as little as six days of reaction with Oronto Group rocks at 90oC, as well as experiments with forsterite-olivine and augite, both being common minerals this sequence. The Oronto Group samples have poor reservoir rock characteristics, none ever exceeded a permeability value of 2.0 mD even after extensive dissolution of calcite cement during the experiments. The overlying Bayfield Group – Jacobsville Formation sandstones averaged 13.4 ± 4.3% porosity and a single sample tested by core-flooding revealed a permeability of ~340 mD. The high porosity-permeability characteristics of these sandstones will allow them to be used for GCS as a continuous aquifer unit with the overlying Mt. Simon Formation. 3) Anaerobic sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) can enhance the conversion rate of CO{sub 2} into solid minerals and thereby improve long-term storage. SRB accelerated carbonate mineralization reactions between pCO{sub 2} values of 0.0059 and 14.7 psi. Hydrogen, lactate and formate served as suitable electron donors for SRB metabolism. The use of a {sup 13}CO{sub 2} spiked gas source also produced carbonate minerals with ~53% of the carbon being derived from the gas phase. The sulfate reducing activity of the microbial community was limited, however, at 20 psi pCO{sub 2} and carbonate mineralization did not occur. Inhibition of bacterial metabolism may have resulted from the acidic conditions or CO{sub 2} toxicity. 4) Microbialite communities forming in the high turbidity and hypersaline water of Storrs’ Lake, San Salvador Island, The Bahamas, were investigated for their distribution, mineralogy and microbial diversity. Molecular analysis of the organic mats on the microbialites indicate only a trace amount of cyanobacteria, while anaerobic and photosynthetic non-sulfur bacteria of the phyla Chloroflexi and purple sulfur bacteria of class Gammaproteobacteria were abundant.

Wronkiewicz, David; Paul, Varum; Abousif, Alsedik; Ryback, Kyle

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

137

DE-EE0000319 Final Technical Report [National Open-ocean Energy Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the authorization provided by Section 634 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140), in 2009 FAU was awarded U.S. Congressionally Directed Program (CDP) funding through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to investigate and develop technologies to harness the energy of the Florida Current as a source of clean, renewable, base-load power for Florida and the U.S. A second CDP award in 2010 provided additional funding in order to enhance and extend FAU’s activities. These two CDPs in 2009 and 2010 were combined into a single DOE grant, DE-EE0000319, and are the subject of this report. Subsequently, in July 2010 funding was made available under a separate contract, DE-EE0004200. Under that funding, DOE’s Wind and Water Power Program designated FAU’s state of Florida marine renewable energy (MRE) center as the Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center (SNMREC). This report discusses SNMREC activities funded by the DE-EE0000319 grant, but will make reference, as appropriate, to activities that require further investigation under the follow-on grant. The concept of extracting energy from the motions of the oceans has a long history. However, implementation on large scales of the technologies to effect renewable energy recovery from waves, tides, and open-ocean currents is relatively recent. DOE’s establishment of SNMREC recognizes a significant potential for ocean current energy recovery associated with the (relatively) high-speed Florida Current, the reach of the Gulf Stream System flowing through the Straits of Florida, between the Florida Peninsula and the Bahamas Archipelago. The proximity of the very large electrical load center of southeast Florida’s metropolitan area to the resource itself makes this potential all the more attractive. As attractive as this potential energy source is, it is not without its challenges. Although the technology is conceptually simple, its design and implementation in a commercially-viable fashion presents a variety of challenges. Beyond the technology itself (and, especially, the effects on the technology of the harsh oceanic environment), it is important to consider the possible environmental impacts of commercial-scale implementation of oceanic energy extraction. Further, because such implementation represents a completely new undertaking, the human resources required do not exist, so education and training programs are critical to eventual success. This project, establishing a national open-ocean energy laboratory, was designed to address each of these three challenges in a flexible framework allowing for adaptive management as the project proceeded. In particular: ? the technology challenge, including resource assessment, evolved during the project to recognize and address the need for a national testing facility in the ocean for small-scale prototype MRE systems developed by industry; ? the environmental challenge became formalized and expanded during the permitting process for such a testing facility; and ? the human resources/societal challenges, both in terms of the need for education and training and in terms of public acceptance of MRE, stimulated a robust outreach program far beyond that originally envisioned at SNMREC. While all of these activities at SNMREC are ongoing, a number of significant milestones (in addition to the contributions listed in the appendices) were achieved under the auspices of this award. These include: ? Planning and site selection for the first-phase test facility, offshore of Dania Beach, FL, including some equipment for the facility, submission of an Interim Policy Lease Application to the U.S. Department of Interior’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), and completion of an Environmental Assessment by BOEM and a positive Consistency Determination by the State of Florida; ? Measurements using acoustic profilers of the current structure and variability in the vicinity of the site under a variety of weather conditions, seasons and time durations; ? Design and implementation of instrument

Skemp, Susan

2013-12-29T23:59:59.000Z