Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in BPA Control Area: Task 2 Report
Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Brothers, Alan J.; Jin, Shuangshuang
2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
Task report detailing low probability tail event analysis and mitigation in BPA control area. Tail event refers to the situation in a power system when unfavorable forecast errors of load and wind are superposed onto fast load and wind ramps, or non-wind generators falling short of scheduled output, causing the imbalance between generation and load to become very significant.
Designing a Procedure for the Acquisition of Probability Constraints for Bayesian Networks
Utrecht, Universiteit
Designing a Procedure for the Acquisition of Probability Constraints for Bayesian Networks Eveline and Computing Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.089, 3508 TB Utrecht, The Netherlands {eveline
DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National...
of 2005 (EPAct). That law authorized the Secretary of Energy to conduct periodic national electric transmission congestion studies (Congestion Study), and to designate National...
Automated Mechanism Design: A New Application Area for Search Algorithms
Automated Mechanism Design: A New Application Area for Search Algorithms Tuomas Sandholm Computer Science Department Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh PA 15213 sandholm@cs.cmu.edu Abstract. Mechanism design is the art of designing the rules of the game (aka. mechanism) so that a desirable outcome
Heller, Barbara
probabilities in the standard normal table What is the area to the left of Z=1.51 in a standard normal curve? Z=1.51 Z=1.51 Area is 93.45% #12;Exercises Â· If scores are normally distributed with a mean of 30 beauty of the normal curve: No matter what and are, the area between - and + is about 68%; the area
Oslebo, Damian G
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many tasks in the early stages of ship design are manual and repetitive processes. One such task is in the realm of deck area arrangements. The allocation and assignment of areas in early stage ship design involves tracking ...
Adaptive Probability-based Latin Hypercube Designs Department of Statistics and Biostatistics,
Shepp, Larry
of heat map in a data center), which must be maintained at an acceptable temperature for reliable operation of the equipment. A significant fraction of the total power consumption is for heat removal is to design a data center with efficient heat removal mechanism (Schmidt et al., 2005). 1 #12;Figure 1: A data
BFA IN STUDIO ART Area of Emphasis: Interior Design Suggested 4 Year Curriculum Internship Option
Arnold, Jonathan
BFA IN STUDIO ART Area of Emphasis: Interior Design Suggested 4 Year Curriculum Internship Option Internship 3 hours FOURTH YEAR First semester Area Hours Must Second semester Area Hours ARID 3220 /3210
Padula, Cynthia Gabriela
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
discrete spatio-temporal offshore MPAs for lactating femalewith fisheries. Moreover, offshore MPAs designed for the2 (Hoyt, 2011). Almost no offshore protected areas (feeding
SRP engineering and design history, Vol III, 200 F and H Areas
Banick, C.J.
2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z
This volume combines the record of events relating to the development of design for both the 200-F and H Areas. Chronologically, the definition of plant facilities was first established for the 200-F Area. The second area, 200-H, was projected initially to be a supplementary plutonium separations facility. This history explains the differences in character and capacity of the manufacturing facilities in both areas as production requirements and experience with separations processes advanced.
DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362Transmission: CommentsVirginia. DOCUMENTSDEAProjectsDepartment ofThe U.S.ConveningDesignated
The effects of feed area design on the social behaviour of dairy cattle
Rioja-Lang, Fiona C
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The overall objective of this thesis was to assess the effect of feed area design including feeding space availability, barrier type and stocking density, on the feeding behaviour of dairy cows. Feed intake in dairy cows ...
Title 43 CFR 1610.7-2 Designation of Areas of Critical Environmental...
OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- Federal RegulationFederal Regulation: Title 43 CFR 1610.7-2 Designation of Areas of Critical Environmental ConcernLegal...
Kendrick, Amrit Work
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
DESIGNATING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE UNITED STATES AND ECUADOR: UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS A Thesis by AMRIT WORK KENDRICK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A 8 M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences DESIGNATING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE UNITED STATES AND ECUADOR: UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS A Thesis by AMRIT WORK KENDRICK A...
Lovesmith, Deanna M.
2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
in the design process. Architects are the individuals most concerned with using the instructional delivery methods used by teachers to guide the design process. Three main areas to address when designing a school to support student safety are accessibility...
Lovesmith, Deanna M.
2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
in the design process. Architects are the individuals most concerned with using the instructional delivery methods used by teachers to guide the design process. Three main areas to address when designing a school to support student safety are accessibility...
Conceptual Design Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) Tower Structure
Jennings, Chad
2002-07-18T23:59:59.000Z
The main objective of this work was to develop a conceptual design and engineering prototype for the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) tower structure. This thesis describes the conceptual design of a GLAST tower and the fabrication and testing of a prototype tower tray. The requirements were that the structure had to support GLAST's delicate silicon strip detector array through ground handling, launch and in orbit operations as well as provide for thermal and electrical pathways. From the desired function and the given launch vehicle for the spacecraft that carries the GLAST detector, an efficient structure was designed which met the requirements. This thesis developed in three stages: design, fabrication, and testing. During the first stage, a general set of specifications was used to develop the initial design, which was then analyzed and shown to meet or exceed the requirements. The second stage called for the fabrication of prototypes to prove manufacturability and gauge cost and time estimates for the total project. The last step called for testing the prototypes to show that they performed as the analysis had shown and prove that the design met the requirements. As a spacecraft engineering exercise, this project required formulating a solution based on engineering judgment, analyzing the solution using advanced engineering techniques, then proving the validity of the design and analysis by the manufacturing and testing of prototypes. The design described here met all the requirements set out by the needs of the experiment and operating concerns. This strawman design is not intended to be the complete or final design for the GLAST instrument structure, but instead examines some of the main challenges involved and demonstrates that there are solutions to them. The purpose of these tests was to prove that there are solutions to the basic mechanical, electrical and thermal problems presented with the GLAST project.
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankShale_Gas.pdfService on the TargetFY12 DOE -NAT IONA L S T R AT E| DepartmentMarchAREA FAQ # Question
Brown, Gregory G.
Vermont Wilderness Observation Assignment You are to visit one of the legally designated Wilderness areas in Vermont. The duration of your visit is up to you. The purpose of your visit is to conduct
Long, John P.; Hamill, Michael J.; Mitchell, M. G.; Miller, Marc M.; Witzke, Edward L.; Wiener, Dallas J
2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
A major portion of the Wireless Networking Project at Sandia National Laboratories over the last few years has been to examine IEEE 802.11 wireless networking for possible use at Sandia and if practical, introduce this technology. This project team deployed 802.11a, b, and g Wireless Local Area Networking at Sandia. This report examines the basics of wireless networking and captures key results from project tests and experiments. It also records project members thoughts and designs on wireless LAN architecture and security issues. It documents some of the actions and milestones of this project, including pilot and production deployment of wireless networking equipment, and captures the team's rationale behind some of the decisions made. Finally, the report examines lessons learned, future directions, and conclusions.
Jordan, Preston D.; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Nicot, Jean-Philippe
2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Leakage of CO{sub 2} out of the designated storage region via faults is a widely recognized concern for geologic carbon sequestration. The probability of such leakage can be separated into the probability of a plume encountering a fault and the probability of flow along such a fault. In the absence of deterministic fault location information, the first probability can be calculated from regional fault population statistics and modeling of the plume shape and size. In this study, fault statistical parameters were measured or estimated for WESTCARB's Phase III pilot test injection in the San Joaquin Valley, California. Combining CO{sub 2} plume model predictions with estimated fault characteristics resulted in a 3% probability that the CO{sub 2} plume will encounter a fault fully offsetting the 180 m (590 ft) thick seal. The probability of leakage is lower, likely much lower, as faults with this offset are probably low-permeability features in this area.
Donohoo-Vallett, Pearl Elizabeth
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The growth of location-constrained renewable generators and the integration of electricity markets in the United States and Europe are forcing transmission planners to consider the design of interconnection-wide systems. ...
A New Design for Array Multiplier with Trade off in Power and Area
Ravi, Nirlakalla; Prasad, T Jayachandra; Rao, T Subba
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper a low power and low area array multiplier with carry save adder is proposed. The proposed adder eliminates the final addition stage of the multiplier than the conventional parallel array multiplier. The conventional and proposed multiplier both are synthesized with 16-T full adder. Among Transmission Gate, Transmission Function Adder, 14-T, 16-T full adder shows energy efficiency. In the proposed 4x4 multiplier to add carry bits with out using Ripple Carry Adder (RCA) in the final stage, the carries given to the input of the next left column input. Due to this the proposed multiplier shows 56 less transistor count, then cause trade off in power and area. The proposed multiplier has shown 13.91% less power, 34.09% more speed and 59.91% less energy consumption for TSMC 0.18nm technology at a supply voltage 2.0V than the conventional multiplier.
Probability Theory: The Logic of Science
Rodriguez, Carlos
of Probability Theory Chapter 16 Orthodox Statistics: Historical Background Chapter 17 Principles and Pathology Marginalization Theory Chapter 27 Communication Theory Chapter 28 Optimal Antenna and Filter Design Chapter 29 Statistical Mechanics Chapter 30 Conclusions APPENDICES Appendix A Other Approaches to Probability Theory
The use of balanced cross sections to design the Cymric/McKittrick area Tulare steamfloods
Dunn, J.F. (Chevron USA, Inc., Bakersfield, CA (United States))
1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recently developed techniques of cross section balancing by the kink method are being used to precisely define the structure of the Tulare Formation fold belt in one area of the Cymric/McKittrick Oil field, San joaquin Valley, California. The Tulare fold belt is a series of northeast-verging, fault-propagation folds that are detached near the base of the Tulare Formation. Good sand continuity and a detailed understanding of the reservoir structural geometry is necessary for successful steamflooding, requiring a rigorous method of structural interpretation to precisely define this highly-folded area. Because of reservoir depletion over the crest of anticlines in Cymric, experience has shown that the most successful steamflood configuration is a staggered line drive with both the producers and injectors located as close to the synclinal axes as possible. This promotes maximum heating and drainage of the reservoir. This configuration is most effective in steeply-dipping reservoirs, although producers downdip of injectors produce the most oil and experience the least amount of steam break-through even in fairly moderately dipping (20{degree}) reservoirs.
Groundwater model recalibration and remediation well network design at the F-Area Seepage Basins
Sadler, W.R.
1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
On September 30, 1992, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) issued a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Hazardous Waste Part B Permit prescribing remediation of contaminated groundwater beneath and downgradient of the F- and H-Area Seepage Basins at the Savannah River Site. The remediation outlined in the Part B Permit calls for a three phase approach. For the F-Area Seepage Basins, the first phase requires the ``installation of an adequate number of pumping and injection wells or trenches, as appropriate, to capture and remediate those portions of-the contaminant plume delineated by the 10,000 pCi/ml tritium isoconcentration contour.`` Geochemical results from 1992 groundwater monitoring were used to delineate this isoconcentration contour in the Corrective Action Program (CAP) (WSRC, 1992a). The 1992 results were used based on SCDHEC written requirement to use the most recent data available at the time the CAP was formulated. The rationale used by SCDHEC in selecting the 10,000 pCi/ml tritium isoconcentration contour was that it also encompassed most of the other contaminants listed in the Groundwater Protection Standards. After extraction and treatment, the water is required to be reinjected into the aquifer due to the high levels of tritium still present in the treated water. The conceptual plan is to have recirculation of the tritium (as much as can practically be accomplished) to allow more time for radioactive decay before natural discharge to surface water.
Intro Probability Rabbits Description Predictions Ontology of Earthquake Probability: Metaphor
Stark, Philip B.
Intro Probability Rabbits Description Predictions Ontology of Earthquake Probability: Metaphor be abandoned in favor of common sense. #12;Intro Probability Rabbits Description Predictions Earthquake not random. Wm. ShakesEarth #12;Intro Probability Rabbits Description Predictions Earthquake Poker
Design, processing, and assembly of large area concentrator cells and subassemblies
Tobin, S.P.; Landis, G.A.; Nowian, M.J.
1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes the development of silicon concentrator cells for use in state-of-the-art linear focus Fresnel lens systems with average sunlight concentration of 30-50 suns. Primary goals were high cell efficiency and a simple, producible, low cost process. In the design phase, a collecting grid pattern optimized for the nonuniform intensity profile of the Fresnel lens was developed. A simple baseline cell process was defined, similar to the ion implanted flat-plate cell process. The most noticeable differences were the silicon resistivity (0.3 ohm-cm), texture etched surfaces to improve current collection, and the grid pattern. Initial cell results measured by Sandia were quite good, with efficiency exceeding 18% at 50 suns. Nine-cell strings interconnected and bonded to glass were delivered to the concentrator system manufacturer and passed all electrical and environmental tests. Also described are several efficiency-enhancing options to the baseline process. These include improved junction anneal schedules, oxide surface passivation, multi-layer antireflection coatings, and a planar process to reduce leakage currents.
Wildlife Management Areas (Florida)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Certain sites in Florida are designated as wildlife management areas, and construction and development is heavily restricted in these areas.
Probable maximum flood control; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project
DeGabriele, C.E.; Wu, C.L. [Bechtel National, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)
1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study proposes preliminary design concepts to protect the waste-handling facilities and all shaft and ramp entries to the underground from the probable maximum flood (PMF) in the current design configuration for the proposed Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigation (NNWSI) repository protection provisions were furnished by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USSR) or developed from USSR data. Proposed flood protection provisions include site grading, drainage channels, and diversion dikes. Figures are provided to show these proposed flood protection provisions at each area investigated. These areas are the central surface facilities (including the waste-handling building and waste treatment building), tuff ramp portal, waste ramp portal, men-and-materials shaft, emplacement exhaust shaft, and exploratory shafts facility.
Moore, William
2015-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
la Luz (41CH54), Other historic Indian groups in the area were the Karankawa, Coapite, and Copane. They were present when the first expeditions traveled the lower Trinity River. In the Wallisville area, evidence of the Akokisa is limited...
Fischer, Gerhard
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ACM CONFERENCE ON HUMAN FACTORS IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS (CHI '89) Topic Area Science University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 Abstract Design Environments are computer systems environments in the form of computer systems supporting cooperative problem solving between designer
Fitelson, Branden
Hume, Induction, and Probability Peter J.R. Millican The University of Leeds Department is to understand Hume's famous argument concerning induction, and to appraise its success in establishing its for the argument (§4.3); (g) Refutation of Stove's well-known alternative diagram (§5.1); (h) Likewise of Stove
David D. Breshears; Fairley J. Barnes; John W. Nyhan; Johnny A. Salazar
1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The goal of disposing of low-level radioactive and hazardous waste in shallow landfills is to reduce risk to human health and the environment by isolating contaminants until they no longer pose an unacceptable hazard. In order to achieve this, the Department of Energy Environmental Restoration Program is comparing the performance of several different surface covers at Material Disposal Area (MDA) B in Los Alamos. Two conventional landfill were compared with an improved cover designed to minimize plant and animal intrusion and to minimize water infiltration into the underlying wastes. The conventional covers varied in depth and both conventional and improved designs had different combinations of vegetation (grass verses shrub) and gravel mulch (no mulch verses mulch). These treatments were applied to each of 12 plots and water balance parameters were measured from March1987 through June 1995. Adding a gravel mulch significantly influenced the plant covered field plots receiving no gravel mulch averaged 21.2% shrub cover, while plots with gravel had a 20% larger percent cover of shrubs. However, the influence of gravel mulch on the grass cover was even larger than the influence on shrub cover, average grass cover on the plots with no gravel was 16.3%, compared with a 42% increase in grass cover due to gravel mulch. These cover relationships are important to reduce runoff on the landfill cover, as shown by a regression model that predicts that as ground cover is increased from 30 to 90%,annual runoff is reduced from 8.8 to 0.98 cm-a nine-fold increase. We also found that decreasing the slope of the landfill cover from 6 to 2% reduced runoff from the landfill cover by 2.7-fold. To minimize the risk of hazardous waste from landfills to humans, runoff and seepage need to be minimized and evapotranspiration maximized on the landfill cover. This has to be accomplished for dry and wet years at MDA B. Seepage consisted of 1.9% and 6.2% of the precipitation in the average and once in ten year events, respectively, whereas corresponding values for runoff were 13% and 16%; these changes were accompanied by corresponding decreases in evapotranspiration, which accounted for 86% and only 78% of the precipitation occurring on the average and once in ten year even~ respectively.
Lectures on probability and statistics
Yost, G.P.
1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
These notes are based on a set of statistics lectures delivered at Imperial College to the first-year postgraduate students in High Energy Physics. They are designed for the professional experimental scientist. We begin with the fundamentals of probability theory, in which one makes statements about the set of possible outcomes of an experiment, based upon a complete a priori understanding of the experiment. For example, in a roll of a set of (fair) dice, one understands a priori that any given side of each die is equally likely to turn up. From that, we can calculate the probability of any specified outcome. We finish with the inverse problem, statistics. Here, one begins with a set of actual data (e.g., the outcomes of a number of rolls of the dice), and attempts to make inferences about the state of nature which gave those data (e.g., the likelihood of seeing any given side of any given die turn up). This is a much more difficult problem, of course, and one's solutions often turn out to be unsatisfactory in one respect or another.
, buildings, bridges and dams, power plant design, wind analysis and design, finite element method, earthquake.S.Geological Society, Sandia Labs etc., state agencies such as Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT), county
Sibille, Etienne
16 UCIS is home to five area studies centers. (*) Denotes designation as a National Resource Center by the U.S. Department of Education Center for Latin American Studies* Center for Russian in their respective schools and colleges, are affiliated with UCIS: Center for International Legal Education
The Logic of Parametric Probability
Norman, Joseph W
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The computational method of parametric probability analysis is introduced. It is demonstrated how to embed logical formulas from the propositional calculus into parametric probability networks, thereby enabling sound reasoning about the probabilities of logical propositions. An alternative direct probability encoding scheme is presented, which allows statements of implication and quantification to be modeled directly as constraints on conditional probabilities. Several example problems are solved, from Johnson-Laird's aces to Smullyan's zombies. Many apparently challenging problems in logic turn out to be simple problems in algebra and computer science; often just systems of polynomial equations or linear optimization problems. This work extends the mathematical logic and parametric probability methods invented by George Boole.
Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression
Grudic, Greg
Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression Thomas of Computer Science University of Colorado Boulder, C0 80309-0430, USA Abstract We formulate regression as maximizing the minimum probability () that the regression model is within ± of all future observations (i
Coverage Properties of the Target Area in Wireless Sensor Networks
Zuyev, Sergei
1 Coverage Properties of the Target Area in Wireless Sensor Networks Xiaoyun Li, Member, IEEE is developed for the probability of sensing coverage in a wireless sensor network with randomly deployed sensor examined. These results will have applications in planning and design tools for wireless sensor networks
Emptiness Formation Probability
Nicholas Crawford; Stephen Ng; Shannon Starr
2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z
We present rigorous upper and lower bounds on the emptiness formation probability for the ground state of a spin-$1/2$ Heisenberg XXZ quantum spin system. For a $d$-dimensional system we find a rate of decay of the order $\\exp(-c L^{d+1})$ where $L$ is the sidelength of the box in which we ask for the emptiness formation event to occur. In the $d=1$ case this confirms previous predictions made in the integrable systems community, though our bounds do not achieve the precision predicted by Bethe ansatz calculations. On the other hand, our bounds in the case $d \\geq 2$ are new. The main tools we use are reflection positivity and a rigorous path integral expansion which is a variation on those previously introduced by Toth, Aizenman-Nachtergaele and Ueltschi.
Fingler, Theresa
2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z
Belize has long been considered a leader in conservation within the Mesoamerican region with 36% of its terrestrial area under protection status. However, a gap analysis conducted in 2005 reveal savannas are under-represented by the existing...
Design of Wind Turbines in an Area with Tropical Cyclones Niels-Erik Clausen, niels and cost of wind turbines is influenced by a combination of fatigue and extreme loads and the applied design codes. In general wind turbines are designed for 20 years of operation using design standards
Memarzadeh, F. [National Inst. of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States). Office of Research
1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
This paper will describe air permitting regulations that apply to a new cogeneration facility or the modification of any existing facility. The permitting depends on several factors including the attainment status of the emitted criteria pollutants within the project area, with the facility classified as either a ``major new source`` or a ``major modification``. Depending on the attainment status of a given pollutant, either the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) or the Non-attainment area (NAA) regulations (Title I of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990) will apply for that pollutant. Since the greatest percentage of emissions generated by a gas turbine are nitrogen oxides (ozone precursors) and carbon monoxide this paper presents an overview of clean air regulations pertinent to those areas of the country that are designated as attaining the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), particulate matter (PM), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) and lead (Pb), and as areas of nonattainment for ozone (O{sub 3}) and carbon monoxide (CO). A hypothetical case is presented and all the environmental issues such as applicability of PSD and NAA regulations, available pollution offsets, and air quality compliance requirements for a modification to an existing facility located in a serious ozone and moderate carbon monoxide non-attainment area will be illustrated.
Probability and complex quantum trajectories
John, Moncy V. [Department of Physics, St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry, Pathanamthitta, Kerala 689 641 (India)], E-mail: moneyjohn@yahoo.co.uk
2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that in the complex trajectory representation of quantum mechanics, the Born's {psi}*{psi} probability density can be obtained from the imaginary part of the velocity field of particles on the real axis. Extending this probability axiom to the complex plane, we first attempt to find a probability density by solving an appropriate conservation equation. The characteristic curves of this conservation equation are found to be the same as the complex paths of particles in the new representation. The boundary condition in this case is that the extended probability density should agree with the quantum probability rule along the real line. For the simple, time-independent, one-dimensional problems worked out here, we find that a conserved probability density can be derived from the velocity field of particles, except in regions where the trajectories were previously suspected to be nonviable. An alternative method to find this probability density in terms of a trajectory integral, which is easier to implement on a computer and useful for single particle solutions, is also presented. Most importantly, we show, by using the complex extension of Schrodinger equation, that the desired conservation equation can be derived from this definition of probability density.
Outage probability at finite SNR
Akçaba, Cemal
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis, we present a technique to reduce the outage probability of a single user multiple input multiple output (MIMO) channel when a sub-optimal transceiver architecture is used. We show that in slow-fading ...
Analytic bounds on transmission probabilities
Boonserm, Petarpa
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We develop some new analytic bounds on transmission probabilities (and the related reflection probabilities and Bogoliubov coefficients) for generic one-dimensional scattering problems. To do so we rewrite the Schrodinger equation for some complicated potential whose properties we are trying to investigate in terms of some simpler potential whose properties are assumed known, plus a (possibly large) "shift" in the potential. Doing so permits us to extract considerable useful information without having to exactly solve the full scattering problem.
Joint probabilities and quantum cognition
Acacio de Barros, J. [Liberal Studies, 1600 Holloway Ave., San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States)
2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we discuss the existence of joint probability distributions for quantumlike response computations in the brain. We do so by focusing on a contextual neural-oscillator model shown to reproduce the main features of behavioral stimulus-response theory. We then exhibit a simple example of contextual random variables not having a joint probability distribution, and describe how such variables can be obtained from neural oscillators, but not from a quantum observable algebra.
Quantum correlations; quantum probability approach
W. A. Majewski
2015-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
This survey gives a comprehensive account of quantum correlations understood as a phenomenon stemming from the rules of quantization. Centered on quantum probability it describes the physical concepts related to correlations (both classical and quantum), mathematical structures, and their consequences. These include the canonical form of classical correlation functionals, general definitions of separable (entangled) states, definition and analysis of quantumness of correlations, description of entanglement of formation, and PPT states. This work is intended both for physicists interested not only in collection of results but also in the mathematical methods justifying them, and mathematicians looking for an application of quantum probability to concrete new problems of quantum theory.
Fusion Probability in Dinuclear System
Juhee Hong
2015-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
Fusion can be described by the time evolution of a dinuclear system with two degrees of freedom, the relative motion and transfer of nucleons. In the presence of the coupling between two collective modes, we solve the Fokker-Planck equation in a locally harmonic approximation. The potential of a dinuclear system has the quasifission barrier and the inner fusion barrier, and the escape rates can be calculated by the Kramers' model. To estimate the fusion probability, we calculate the quasifission rate and the fusion rate. We investigate the coupling effects on the fusion probability and the cross section of evaporation residue.
Sm Transition Probabilities and Abundances
J. E. Lawler; E. A. Den Hartog; C. Sneden; J. J. Cowan
2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Radiative lifetimes, accurate to +/- 5%, have been measured for 212 odd-parity levels of Sm II using laser-induced fluorescence. The lifetimes are combined with branching fractions measured using Fourier-transform spectrometry to determine transition probabilities for more than 900 lines of Sm II. This work is the largest-scale laboratory study to date of Sm II transition probabilities using modern methods. This improved data set has been used to determine a new solar photospheric Sm abundance, log epsilon = 1.00 +/- 0.03, from 26 lines. The spectra of three very metal-poor, neutron-capture-rich stars also have been analyzed, employing between 55 and 72 Sm II lines per star. The abundance ratios of Sm relative to other rare earth elements in these stars are in agreement, and are consistent with ratios expected from rapid neutron-capture nucleosynthesis (the r-process).
Communication in Home Area Networks
Wang, Yubo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
used in area like smart buildings, street light controls andbuilding. This section focuses on HAN design to address two smart
Gd Transition Probabilities and Abundances
E. A. Den Hartog; J. E. Lawler; C. Sneden; J. J. Cowan
2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
Radiative lifetimes, accurate to +/- 5%, have been measured for 49 even-parity and 14 odd-parity levels of Gd II using laser-induced fluorescence. The lifetimes are combined with branching fractions measured using Fourier transform spectrometry to determine transition probabilities for 611 lines of Gd II. This work is the largest-scale laboratory study to date of Gd II transition probabilities and the first using a high performance Fourier transform spectrometer. This improved data set has been used to determine a new solar photospheric Gd abundance, log epsilon = 1.11 +/- 0.03. Revised Gd abundances have also been derived for the r-process-rich metal-poor giant stars CS 22892-052, BD+17 3248, and HD 115444. The resulting Gd/Eu abundance ratios are in very good agreement with the solar-system r-process ratio. We have employed the increasingly accurate stellar abundance determinations, resulting in large part from the more precise laboratory atomic data, to predict directly the Solar System r-process elemental abundances for Gd, Sm, Ho and Nd. Our analysis of the stellar data suggests slightly higher recommended values for the r-process contribution and total Solar System values, consistent with the photospheric determinations, for the elements for Gd, Sm, and Ho.
Hf Transition Probabilities and Abundances
J. E. Lawler; E. A. Den Hartog; Z. E. Labby; C. Sneden; J. J. Cowan; I. I. Ivans
2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Radiative lifetimes from laser-induced fluorescence measurements, accurate to about +/- 5 percent, are reported for 41 odd-parity levels of Hf II. The lifetimes are combined with branching fractions measured using Fourier transform spectrometry to determine transition probabilities for 150 lines of Hf II. Approximately half of these new transition probabilities overlap with recent independent measurements using a similar approach. The two sets of measurements are found to be in good agreement for measurements in common. Our new laboratory data are applied to refine the hafnium photospheric solar abundance and to determine hafnium abundances in 10 metal-poor giant stars with enhanced r-process abundances. For the Sun we derive log epsilon (Hf) = 0.88 +/- 0.08 from four lines; the uncertainty is dominated by the weakness of the lines and their blending by other spectral features. Within the uncertainties of our analysis, the r-process-rich stars possess constant Hf/La and Hf/Eu abundance ratios, log epsilon (Hf/La) = -0.13 +/- 0.02 (sigma = 0.06) and log epsilon (Hf/Eu) = +0.04 +/- 0.02 (sigma = 0.06). The observed average stellar abundance ratio of Hf/Eu and La/Eu is larger than previous estimates of the solar system r-process-only value, suggesting a somewhat larger contribution from the r-process to the production of Hf and La. The newly determined Hf values could be employed as part of the chronometer pair, Th/Hf, to determine radioactive stellar ages.
Akbari, H.; Bretz, S.; Hanford, J.; Rosenfeld, A.; Sailor, D.; Taha, H. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Bos, W. [Sacramento Municipal Utility District, CA (United States)
1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Urban areas in warm climates create summer heat islands of daily average intensity of 3--5{degrees}C, adding to discomfort and increasing air-conditioning loads. Two important factors contributing to urban heat islands are reductions in albedo (lower overall city reflectance) and loss of vegetation (less evapotranspiration). Reducing summer heat islands by planting vegetation (shade trees) and increasing surface albedos, saves cooling energy, allows down-sizing of air conditioners, lowers air-conditioning peak demand, and reduces the emission of CO{sub 2} and other pollutants from electric power plants. The focus of this multi-year project, jointly sponsored by SMUD and the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE), was to measure the direct cooling effects of trees and white surfaces (mainly roofs) in a few buildings in Sacramento. The first-year project was to design the experiment and obtain base case data. We also obtained limited post retrofit data for some sites. This report provides an overview of the project activities during the first year at six sites. The measurement period for some of the sites was limited to September and October, which are transitional cooling months in Sacramento and hence the interpretation of results only apply to this period. In one house, recoating the dark roof with a high-albedo coating rendered air conditioning unnecessary for the month of September (possible savings of up to 10 kWh per day and 2 kW of non-coincidental peak power). Savings of 50% relative to an identical base case bungalow were achieved when a school bungalow`s roof and southeast wall were coated with a high-albedo coating during the same period. Our measured data for the vegetation sites do not indicate conclusive results because shade trees were small and the cooling period was almost over. We need to collect more data over a longer cooling season in order to demonstrate savings conclusively.
Modeling Prostate Cancer Detection Probability, with Applications
Serfling, Robert
investigating causes and treatments. Robert Serfling Modeling Prostate Cancer Detection Probability cancer present as well as tumor nodule sizes, to judge clinical significance before treatment selectionModeling Prostate Cancer Detection Probability, with Applications Robert Serfling1 University
Modeling probability distributions with predictive state representations
Wiewiora, Eric Walter
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Discovery is the process of choosing the core tests, whose success probabilities will become the state of the learned model.
Geographic Resource Map of Frozen Pipe Probabilities
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Presentation slide details a resource map showing the probability of frozen pipes in the geographic United States.
de Lijser, Peter
I. Policy Ductless fume hoods are designed to remove hazardous fumes and vapors from the work area to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories); 5154.1 (Ventilation Requirements for Laboratory-Type Hood Operations require use of fume hoods to control exposure to hazardous or odorous chemicals. IV. Definitions Activated
Outage Probability Under Channel Distribution Uncertainty
Loyka, Sergey
Outage Probability Under Channel Distribution Uncertainty Ioanna Ioannou, Charalambos D. Charalambous and Sergey Loyka Abstract--Outage probability of a class of block-fading (MIMO) channels outage probability defined as min (over the input distribution) -max (over the channel distribution class
Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences
Oren, Shmuel S.
Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences http://journals.cambridge.org/PES Additional services for Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences: Email alerts: Click here Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences / Volume 8 / Issue 02 / April 1994, pp 287 290 DOI
Robust transmit beamforming design using outage probability specification
Du, Huiqin
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Transmit beamforming (precoding) is a powerful technique for enhancing the channel capacity and reliability of multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) wireless systems. The optimum exploitation of the benefits provided ...
Analogue of the quantum total probability rule from Paraconsistent bayesian probability theory
R. Salazar; C. Jara-Figueroa; A. Delgado
2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
We derive an analogue of the quantum total probability rule by constructing a probability theory based on paraconsistent logic. Bayesian probability theory is constructed upon classical logic and a desiderata, that is, a set of desired properties that the theory must obey. We construct a new probability theory following the desiderata of Bayesian probability theory but replacing the classical logic by paraconsistent logic. This class of logic has been conceived to handle eventual inconsistencies or contradictions among logical propositions without leading to the trivialisation of the theory. Within this Paraconsistent bayesian probability theory it is possible to deduce a new total probability rule which depends on the probabilities assigned to the inconsistencies. Certain assignments of values for these probabilities lead to expressions identical to those of Quantum mechanics, in particular to the quantum total probability rule obtained via symmetric informationally complete positive- operator valued measure.
Probability and Quantum Paradigms: the Interplay
Kracklauer, A. F. [Bauhaus Universitaet, PF 2040, 99401 Weimar (Germany)
2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
Since the introduction of Born's interpretation of quantum wave functions as yielding the probability density of presence, Quantum Theory and Probability have lived in a troubled symbiosis. Problems arise with this interpretation because quantum probabilities exhibit features alien to usual probabilities, namely non Boolean structure and non positive-definite phase space probability densities. This has inspired research into both elaborate formulations of Probability Theory and alternate interpretations for wave functions. Herein the latter tactic is taken and a suggested variant interpretation of wave functions based on photo detection physics proposed, and some empirical consequences are considered. Although incomplete in a few details, this variant is appealing in its reliance on well tested concepts and technology.
Wisconsin at Madison, University of
324 or con reg 3 0.5 CEE 395 Materials for Constructed Facilities EMA 303 & 307 3 1.0 CEE 498 Design for Construction -- 3 0.0 CEE 698 Special Topics: Building Information Modeling -- 2 0.0 CEE 698 of Materials Lab EMA/ME 306 or con reg 1 0.5 CEE 291 Problem Solving Using Computer Tools EMA 202 or 304 3 0
Bayesian Probabilities and the Histories Algebra
Thomas Marlow
2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z
We attempt a justification of a generalisation of the consistent histories programme using a notion of probability that is valid for all complete sets of history propositions. This consists of introducing Cox's axioms of probability theory and showing that our candidate notion of probability obeys them. We also give a generalisation of Bayes' theorem and comment upon how Bayesianism should be useful for the quantum gravity/cosmology programmes.
Analytical Study of Thermonuclear Reaction Probability Integrals
M. A. Chaudhry; H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai
2000-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
An analytic study of the reaction probability integrals corresponding to the various forms of the slowly varying cross-section factor $S(E)$ is attempted. Exact expressions for reaction probability integrals are expressed in terms of the extended gamma functions.
18.05 Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Spring 2005
Panchenko, Dmitry
This course provides an elementary introduction to probability and statistics with applications. Topics include: basic probability models; combinatorics; random variables; discrete and continuous probability distributions; ...
Isotopic Analysis- Fluid At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area...
purpose of this study was to identify probable recharge areas and length of time for groundwater discharge from the Kilauea rift zones. Interpretations were based on isotropic...
Modern Probability Theory and Its Applications
Parzen, Emanuel
1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
spaces with equally likely de- scriptions 8 Notes on the literature of probability theory 2 BASIC PROBABILITY THEORY . PAGE 5 8 11 17 23 25 28 32 Samples and n-tuples 32 2 Posing probability problems mathematically 42 3 The number... the members of A and the members of the set {I, 2, 3, ... } of all integers) then A is said to be coulltably infinite. The set of even integers {2, 4, 6, 8 ... } contains a countable infinity of members, as does the set of odd integers {I, 3, 5...
Research Area Research Instruction
Kaji, Hajime
and Engineering Department of Applied Mechanics 1 / 6 #12; Master's Program Doctoral Program Research Area, spray, and supersonic flows in the engines for automotive and aerocraft) & Gene engine (physics, cavitation and optimization method for design. DNA Research in nonequilibrium statistical mechanics
Reassessment of the BWR scram failure probability
Burns, E.T.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
As part of the Severe Accident Policy Statement implementation, the probabilistic quantification of accident sequence frequencies that may lead to core damage is a key element in demonstrating a plant's safety status relative to US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff goals. One of the key quantitative inputs in a boiling water reactor (BWR) probabilistic risk assessment is the probability of a failure to scram. The assessment of this failure probability has been the subject of a long and continuing debate over the adequacy of available data and analytic modeling. This report provides a summary of the status of this debate, including the latest data, and provides a revision to the characterization of the failure probability originally published in NUREG 0460 and the Utility Group on Anticipated Transient Without Scram (ATWS) Petition.
Electric quadrupole transition probabilities for atomic lithium
Çelik, Gültekin, E-mail: gultekin@selcuk.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Selçuk University, Campus 42049 Konya (Turkey); Gökçe, Yasin; Y?ld?z, Murat [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman (Turkey)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Electric quadrupole transition probabilities for atomic lithium have been calculated using the weakest bound electron potential model theory (WBEPMT). We have employed numerical non-relativistic Hartree–Fock wavefunctions for expectation values of radii and the necessary energy values have been taken from the compilation at NIST. The results obtained with the present method agree very well with the Coulomb approximation results given by Caves (1975). Moreover, electric quadrupole transition probability values not existing in the literature for some highly excited levels have been obtained using the WBEPMT.
Probability of Slowroll Inflation in the Multiverse
I-Sheng Yang
2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
Slowroll after tunneling is a crucial step in one popular framework of the multiverse---false vacuum eternal inflation (FVEI). In a landscape with a large number of fields, we provide a heuristic estimation for its probability. We find that the chance to slowroll is exponentially suppressed, where the exponent comes from the number of fields. However, the relative probability to have more e-foldings is only mildly suppressed as $N_e^{-\\alpha} $ with $\\alpha\\sim3$. Base on these two properties, we show that the FVEI picture is still self-consistent and may have a strong preference between different slowroll models.
Oklahoma City Flash Flood Event, 31 May - 1 June 2013 Annual Exceedance Probabilities (AEPs HOLDENVILLEHOLDENVILLE MIDWEST CITYMIDWEST CITY OKLAHOMA CITYOKLAHOMA CITY Hydrometeorological Design Studies Center
CAPES 2013 PROBABILITY and STATISTICS Ttulo ISSN
Moreira, Carlos Gustavo
-0918 Communications Series A1 Mathematics & Statistics 1303-5911 Computational and mathematical organization theory-5483 Communications in Mathematical Physics 0010-3616 Communications in statistics. Simulation and computation 0361 communications in probability 1083-589X Electronic journal of applied statistical analysis 2070-5948 Electronic
A Formulation for Minimax Probability Machine Regression
Grudic, Greg
A Formulation for Minimax Probability Machine Regression Thomas Strohmann Department of Computer Science University of Colorado, Boulder grudic@cs.colorado.edu Abstract We formulate the regression of the regression model will be within some ± bound of the true regression function. Our formulation is unique
How to determine threat probabilities using ontologies and Bayesian networks
How to determine threat probabilities using ontologies and Bayesian networks [Extended Abstract Business Austria Vienna, Austria neubauer@securityresearch.ac.at ABSTRACT The subjective threat probability- and Bayesian-based approach for determining asset-specific and comprehensible threat probabilities
Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities
Beersma, Jules
Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities Jules Beersma #12;Promotor: Prof. dr. A Onderzoekschool (BBOS) #12;Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities Extreme hydro
The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just a Fantasy? The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just a Fantasy? 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions...
Pion-capture probabilities in organic molecules
Jackson, D.F.; Lewis, C.A.; O'Leary, K.
1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Experimental results are presented for atomic-capture probabilities of negative pions in organic molecules. The data are analyzed in terms of atomic and molecular models. This analysis shows that the Fermi-Teller law (Z law) and its modifications do not give an adequate description of the data, but that a mesomolecular model together with hydrogen transfer contains the features essential to fit the data. Clear evidence is given for chemical effects in the pion-capture process.
Law of total probability Sequences of events
Adler, Robert J.
{Second black} = P{Second red} and sum is 1! 3 #12;' & $ % Example 2: Poisonned chocolates · k chocolates in a box of N are poisoned. 2 chocolates are are drawn at random. What is the probability that the second chocolate is poisoned? P{2nd poison} = P{2nd poison|1st poison}P{1st poison} + P{2nd poison|1st OK}P{1st OK
Free Energy Changes, Fluctuations, and Path Probabilities
William G. Hoover; Carol G. Hoover
2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
We illustrate some of the static and dynamic relations discovered by Cohen, Crooks, Evans, Jarzynski, Kirkwood, Morriss, Searles, and Zwanzig. These relations link nonequilibrium processes to equilibrium isothermal free energy changes and to dynamical path probabilities. We include ideas suggested by Dellago, Geissler, Oberhofer, and Schoell-Paschinger. Our treatment is intended to be pedagogical, for use in an updated version of our book: Time Reversibility, Computer Simulation, and Chaos. Comments are very welcome.
Optimum phase space probabilities from quantum tomography
Roy, Arunabha S., E-mail: roy.arunabha@gmail.com [King's College, London (United Kingdom); Roy, S. M., E-mail: smroy@hbcse.tifr.res.in [HBCSE, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (India)
2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We determine a positive normalised phase space probability distribution P with minimum mean square fractional deviation from the Wigner distribution W. The minimum deviation, an invariant under phase space rotations, is a quantitative measure of the quantumness of the state. The positive distribution closest to W will be useful in quantum mechanics and in time frequency analysis. The position-momentum correlations given by the distribution can be tested experimentally in quantum optics.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: X-rayContractfor Gas SeparationsRelevantTechnologiesReferencesSRELResearch InAreas
Probability Grid: A Location Estimation Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks
Stankovic, John A.
estimation, grid topology, probability. I. INTRODUCTION Recent advances in micro-electro-mechanical systems
Conservative Estimates of Blocking and Outage Probabilities in CDMA Networks
Bonald, Thomas
Conservative Estimates of Blocking and Outage Probabilities in CDMA Networks T. Bonald, A. Prouti`ere 1 France Telecom, Division R&D, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France Abstract The outage probability is a key the blocking probability. The blocking and outage probabilities do not have closed-form expressions
Fluid Model of the Outage Probability in Sectored Wireless Networks
Coupechoux, Marceau
Fluid Model of the Outage Probability in Sectored Wireless Networks Jean-Marc Kelif France Telecom to derive the global outage probability and the spatial outage probability, which depends on the location the derivation of outage probabilities, capacity evaluation and then, the definition of Call Admission Control
Sampling with unequal probabilities and without replacement
Kleibrink, Ronald Gus
1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. APPENDIX REFERENCES 29 iv LIST OF TABLES TABLE NO. PAGE Selection of n=4 from a Population of N=9 units Cumulative sizes, selection probabilities and y/x ratios for th N=9 samples from the Population of N=9 blocks Permutations for N=4 items Rand.... om permutati. ons for N=8 items Rand. om permutations for N=12 items 18 20 Number of applications of operations for N=9 24 Neans and correlations of three Populations considered 30 Var iances of estimates for Populations N=9, 13, 2...
Spin Glass Computations and Ruelle's Probability Cascades
Louis-Pierre Arguin
2006-08-17T23:59:59.000Z
We study the Parisi functional, appearing in the Parisi formula for the pressure of the SK model, as a functional on Ruelle's Probability Cascades (RPC). Computation techniques for the RPC formulation of the functional are developed. They are used to derive continuity and monotonicity properties of the functional retrieving a theorem of Guerra. We also detail the connection between the Aizenman-Sims-Starr variational principle and the Parisi formula. As a final application of the techniques, we rederive the Almeida-Thouless line in the spirit of Toninelli but relying on the RPC structure.
LL Hale; MK Wright; NA Cadoret
1999-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of this study was to define areas of previous disturbance in the 300 Area of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site to eliminate these areas from the cultural resource review process, reduce cultural resource monitoring costs, and allow cultural resource specialists to focus on areas where subsurface disturbance is minimal or nonexistent. Research into available sources suggests that impacts from excavations have been significant wherever the following construction activities have occurred: building basements and pits, waste ponds, burial grounds, trenches, installation of subsurface pipelines, power poles, water hydrants, and well construction. Beyond the areas just mentioned, substrates in the' 300 Area consist of a complex, multidimen- sional mosaic composed of undisturbed stratigraphy, backfill, and disturbed sediments; Four Geographic Information System (GIS) maps were created to display known areas of disturbance in the 300 Area. These maps contain information gleaned from a variety of sources, but the primary sources include the Hanford GIS database system, engineer drawings, and historic maps. In addition to these maps, several assumptions can be made about areas of disturbance in the 300 Area as a result of this study: o o Buried pipelines are not always located where they are mapped. As a result, cultural resource monitors or specialists should not depend on maps depicting subsurface pipelines for accurate locations of previous disturbance. Temporary roads built in the early 1940s were placed on layers of sand and gravel 8 to 12 in. thick. Given this information, it is likely that substrates beneath these early roads are only minimally disturbed. Building foundations ranged from concrete slabs no more than 6 to 8 in. thick to deeply excavated pits and basements. Buildings constructed with slab foundations are more numerous than may be expected, and minimally disturbed substrates may be expected in these locations. Historic black and white photographs provide a partial record of some excavations, including trenches, building basements, and material lay-down yards. Estimates of excavation depth and width can be made, but these estimates are not accurate enough to pinpoint the exact location where the disturbedhmdisturbed interface is located (e.g., camera angles were such that depths and/or widths of excavations could not be accurately determined or estimated). In spite of these limitations, these photographs provide essential information. Aerial and historic low-level photographs have captured what appears to be backfill throughout much of the eastern portion of the 300 Area-near the Columbia River shoreline. This layer of fill has likely afforded some protection for the natural landscape buried beneath the fill. This assumption fits nicely with the intermittent and inadvertent discoveries of hearths and stone tools documented through the years in this part of the 300 Area. Conversely, leveling of sand dunes appears to be substantial in the northwestern portion of the 300 Area during the early stages of development. o Project files and engineer drawings do not contain information on any impromptu but necessary adjustments made on the ground during project implementation-after the design phase. Further, many projects are planned and mapped but never implemented-this information is also not often placed in project files. Specific recommendations for a 300 Area cultural resource monitoring strategy are contained in the final section of this document. In general, it is recommended that monitoring continue for all projects located within 400 m of the Columbia River. The 400-m zone is culturally sensitive and likely retains some of the most intact buried substrates in the 300 Area.
Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in BPA Control Area: Task One Report
Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.
2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
This is a report for task one of the tail event analysis project for BPA. Tail event refers to the situation in a power system when unfavorable forecast errors of load and wind are superposed onto fast load and wind ramps, or non-wind generators falling short of scheduled output, the imbalance between generation and load becomes very significant. This type of events occurs infrequently and appears on the tails of the distribution of system power imbalance; therefore, is referred to as tail events. This report analyzes what happened during the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) reliability event on February 26, 2008, which was widely reported because of the involvement of wind generation. The objective is to identify sources of the problem, solutions to it and potential improvements that can be made to the system. Lessons learned from the analysis include the following: (1) Large mismatch between generation and load can be caused by load forecast error, wind forecast error and generation scheduling control error on traditional generators, or a combination of all of the above; (2) The capability of system balancing resources should be evaluated both in capacity (MW) and in ramp rate (MW/min), and be procured accordingly to meet both requirements. The resources need to be able to cover a range corresponding to the variability of load and wind in the system, additional to other uncertainties; (3) Unexpected ramps caused by load and wind can both become the cause leading to serious issues; (4) A look-ahead tool evaluating system balancing requirement during real-time operations and comparing that with available system resources should be very helpful to system operators in predicting the forthcoming of similar events and planning ahead; and (5) Demand response (only load reduction in ERCOT event) can effectively reduce load-generation mismatch and terminate frequency deviation in an emergency situation.
Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in the BPA Control Area
Lu, Shuai; Brothers, Alan J.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Makarov, Yuri V.
2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
This report investigated the uncertainties with the operations of the power system and their contributions to tail events, especially under high penetration of wind. A Bayesian network model is established to quantify the impact of these uncertainties on system imbalance. The framework is presented for a decision support tool, which can help system operators better estimate the need for balancing reserves and prepare for tail events.
NONE
1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
To ensure research and development programs focus on the most pressing environmental restoration and waste management problems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) established a working group in August 1993 to implement a new approach to research and technology development. As part of this new approach, EM developed a management structure and principles that led to the creation of specific Focus Areas. These organizations were designed to focus the scientific and technical talent throughout DOE and the national scientific community on the major environmental restoration and waste management problems facing DOE. The Focus Area approach provides the framework for intersite cooperation and leveraging of resources on common problems. After the original establishment of five major Focus Areas within the Office of Technology Development (EM-50, now called the Office of Science and Technology), the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (EM-66) followed the structure already in place in EM-50 and chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA). The following information outlines the scope and mission of the EM, EM-60, and EM-66 organizations as related to the PFA organizational structure.
A Framework for Verification of Software with Time and Probabilities
Oxford, University of
verification techniques are able to establish sys- tem properties such as "the probability of an airbag failing quantitative properties. These might include, for example, "the probability of an airbag failing to deploy
Ruin probabilities and decompositions for general perturbed risk processes
Vondraèek, Zoran
-Hinchin type formula for the survival proba- bility of that risk process, and give an interpretation: Risk theory, ruin probability, Pollaczek-Hinchin formula, subordinator, spectrally negative L/c survival probability
Some Considerations on the Probability of Nuclear Fission
Vandenbosch, Robert; Seaborg, Glenn T.
1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
om THE PROBABILITY OF NUCLEAR FISSION Robert Vandenbosch andON TRE PROBABILITY OF NUCLEAR FISSION O E Contents Abstractf is the fission threshold, and the nuclear temperature T is
Design Editorial Design Innovation
Papalambros, Panos
juxtaposition of innovation versus invention: "Invention is the first occurrence of an idea for a new product such as innovation strategies, product design, service inno- vation, cutting-edge designers, design awards, and green design. Much of that perspective on innovation is then tied to industrial or product design, often
Path-transformations in probability and representation theory
Jordan, Jonathan
Path-transformations in probability and representation theory Neil O'Connell University of Warwick Biane and Philippe Bougerol Neil O'Connell Path-transforms in probability and rep. theory #12;Pitman is a three-dimensional Bessel process. Neil O'Connell Path-transforms in probability and rep. theory #12;The
How a False Probability Model Changed the World
Steele, J. Michael
How a False Probability Model Changed the World: Birth, Death, and Redemption of Black-Scholes J. Michael Steele March 12, 2008 J. Michael Steele How a False Probability Model Changed the World: Birth Probability Model Changed the World: Birth, Death #12;Introduction: The Special, The Empirical, The Miracle
Practical Statistical Thinking Probability: The Language of Statistics
Practical Statistical Thinking Probability: The Language of Statistics Essentials of Statistics and Probability Dhruv Sharma May 22, 2007 Department of Statistics, NC State University dbsharma@ncsu.edu SAMSI Undergrad Workshop Dhruv Sharma Essentials of Statistics and Probability #12;Practical Statistical Thinking
Chapter 1 The Nature of Probability and Statistics
Hong, Don
Chapter 1 The Nature of Probability and Statistics 1.1 Introduction Definition. Statistics based on probability theory. This chapter introduces the basic concepts of probability and statistics by answering questions like: · what are the branches of statistics · what are data · how are samples selected 1
Spatial Outage Probability for Cellular Networks Jean-Marc Kelif
Coupechoux, Marceau
Spatial Outage Probability for Cellular Networks Jean-Marc Kelif France Telecom R&D Issy networks called the fluid model and we derive from this model analytical formulas for interference, outage probability, and spatial outage probability. The key idea of the fluid model is to consider the discrete base
Spatial Outage Probability Formula for CDMA Jean-Marc Kelif
Coupechoux, Marceau
Spatial Outage Probability Formula for CDMA Networks Jean-Marc Kelif France Telecom R&D Issy networks called the fluid model and we derive from this model analytical formulas for interference, outage probability, and spatial outage probability. The key idea of the fluid model is to consider the discrete base
Asymptotic Analysis of Outage Probability in Cognitive Radio Networks
Loyka, Sergey
Asymptotic Analysis of Outage Probability in Cognitive Radio Networks Yaobin Wen, Sergey Loyka but not the outage probability itself. Unlike the cumulant-based analysis, our approach provides a guaranteed level. In particular, we demonstrate that there is a critical transition point below which the outage probability
PROBABILITY BASED CORROSION CONTROL FOR LIQUID WASTE TANKS - PART III
Hoffman, E.; Edwards, T.
2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
The liquid waste chemistry control program is designed to reduce the pitting corrosion occurrence on tank walls. The chemistry control program has been implemented, in part, by applying engineering judgment safety factors to experimental data. However, the simple application of a general safety factor can result in use of excessive corrosion inhibiting agents. The required use of excess corrosion inhibitors can be costly for tank maintenance, waste processing, and in future tank closure. It is proposed that a probability-based approach can be used to quantify the risk associated with the chemistry control program. This approach can lead to the application of tank-specific chemistry control programs reducing overall costs associated with overly conservative use of inhibitor. Furthermore, when using nitrite as an inhibitor, the current chemistry control program is based on a linear model of increased aggressive species requiring increased protective species. This linear model was primarily supported by experimental data obtained from dilute solutions with nitrate concentrations less than 0.6 M, but is used to produce the current chemistry control program up to 1.0 M nitrate. Therefore, in the nitrate space between 0.6 and 1.0 M, the current control limit is based on assumptions that the linear model developed from data in the <0.6 M region is applicable in the 0.6-1.0 M region. Due to this assumption, further investigation of the nitrate region of 0.6 M to 1.0 M has potential for significant inhibitor reduction, while maintaining the same level of corrosion risk associated with the current chemistry control program. Ongoing studies have been conducted in FY07, FY08, FY09 and FY10 to evaluate the corrosion controls at the SRS tank farm and to assess the minimum nitrite concentrations to inhibit pitting in ASTM A537 carbon steel below 1.0 molar nitrate. The experimentation from FY08 suggested a non-linear model known as the mixture/amount model could be used to predict the probability of corrosion in ASTM A537 in varying solutions as shown in Figure 1. The mixture/amount model takes into account not only the ratio (or mixture) of inhibitors and aggressive species, but also the total concentration (or amount) of species in a solution. Historically, the ratio was the only factor taken into consideration in the development of the current chemistry control program. During FY09, an experimental program was undertaken to refine the mixture/amount model by further investigating the risk associated with reducing the minimum molar nitrite concentration required to confidently inhibit pitting in dilute solutions. The results of FY09, as shown in Figure 2, quantified the probability for a corrosion free outcome for combinations of nitrate and nitrite. The FY09 data predict probabilities up to 70%. Additional experimental data are needed to increase the probability to an acceptable percentage.
Realization A comparison of probability bounds analysis
;7 Example problem: Oil filter selection · Three filter designs SEC · Steel, replace casing and cartridge PEC · Plastic, replace casing and cartridge TASO · Aluminum, replace cartridge only · Multi Cartridge Components Which filter is the best (using best-guess distributions)? Is this selection sensitive
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of a ventilation and air conditioning system for the ECN3 experimental area and the TCC8 and GHN300 service tunnels and for the dismantling of the existing system
Ullrich, R. [Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report documents the history of the major buildings in Sandia National Laboratories` Technical Area II. It was prepared in support of the Department of Energy`s compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Technical Area II was designed and constructed in 1948 specifically for the final assembly of the non-nuclear components of nuclear weapons, and was the primary site conducting such assembly until 1952. Both the architecture and location of the oldest buildings in the area reflect their original purpose. Assembly activities continued in Area II from 1952 to 1957, but the major responsibility for this work shifted to other sites in the Atomic Energy Commission`s integrated contractor complex. Gradually, additional buildings were constructed and the original buildings were modified. After 1960, the Area`s primary purpose was the research and testing of high-explosive components for nuclear weapons. In 1994, Sandia constructed new facilities for work on high-explosive components outside of the original Area II diamond-shaped parcel. Most of the buildings in the area are vacant and Sandia has no plans to use them. They are proposed for decontamination and demolition as funding becomes available.
Origin of probabilities and their application to the multiverse
Albrecht, Andreas
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We argue using simple models that all successful practical uses of probabilities originate in quantum fluctuations in the microscopic physical world around us, often propagated to macroscopic scales. Thus we claim there is no physically verified fully classical theory of probability. We comment on the general implications of this view, and specifically question the application of classical probability theory to cosmology in cases where key questions are known to have no quantum answer.
18.440 Probability and Random Variables, Spring 2009
Dudley, Richard
This course introduces students to probability and random variables. Topics include distribution functions, binomial, geometric, hypergeometric, and Poisson distributions. The other topics covered are uniform, exponential, ...
Probability and complex quantum trajectories: Finding the missing links
John, Moncy V., E-mail: moncyjohn@yahoo.co.u [Department of Physics, St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry, Kerala 689641 (India)
2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that a normalisable probability density can be defined for the entire complex plane in the modified de Broglie-Bohm quantum mechanics, which gives complex quantum trajectories. This work is in continuation of a previous one that defined a conserved probability for most of the regions in the complex space in terms of a trajectory integral, indicating a dynamical origin of quantum probability. There it was also shown that the quantum trajectories obtained are the same characteristic curves that propagate information about the conserved probability density. Though the probability density we now adopt for those regions left out in the previous work is not conserved locally, the net source of probability for such regions is seen to be zero in the example considered, allowing to make the total probability conserved. The new combined probability density agrees with the Born's probability everywhere on the real line, as required. A major fall out of the present scheme is that it explains why in the classical limit the imaginary parts of trajectories are not observed even indirectly and particles are confined close to the real line.
Derivation of the coefficient squared probability law in quantum mechanics
Casey Blood
2013-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
If one assumes there is probability of perception in quantum mechanics, then unitarity dictates that it must have the coefficient squared form, in agreement with experiment.
18.440 Probability and Random Variables, Spring 2011
Sheffield, Scott
This course introduces students to probability and random variables. Topics include distribution functions, binomial, geometric, hypergeometric, and Poisson distributions. The other topics covered are uniform, exponential, ...
Oscillations in probability distributions for stochastic gene expression
Petrosyan, K. G., E-mail: pkaren@phys.sinica.edu.tw; Hu, Chin-Kun, E-mail: huck@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China)
2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
The phenomenon of oscillations in probability distribution functions of number of components is found for a model of stochastic gene expression. It takes place in cases of low levels of molecules or strong intracellular noise. The oscillations distinguish between more probable even and less probable odd number of particles. The even-odd symmetry restores as the number of molecules increases with the probability distribution function tending to Poisson distribution. We discuss the possibility of observation of the phenomenon in gene, protein, and mRNA expression experiments.
Area Activation 1 Running Head: AREA ACTIVATION
Pomplun, Marc
Area Activation 1 Running Head: AREA ACTIVATION Advancing Area Activation towards a General Model at Boston 100 Morrissey Boulevard Boston, MA 02125-3393 USA Phone: 617-287-6485 Fax: 617-287-6433 e. Without great effort, human observers clearly outperform every current artificial vision system in tasks
Decision Making for Inconsistent Expert Judgments Using Negative Probabilities
J. Acacio de Barros
2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we provide a simple random-variable example of inconsistent information, and analyze it using three different approaches: Bayesian, quantum-like, and negative probabilities. We then show that, at least for this particular example, both the Bayesian and the quantum-like approaches have less normative power than the negative probabilities one.
SURVIVAL PROBABILITY IN RANK-ONE PERTURBATION PROBLEMS
Poltoratski, Alexei
SURVIVAL PROBABILITY IN RANK-ONE PERTURBATION PROBLEMS with changing boundary condition. The general question of perturbation theory can be stated as follows the effect of rank-one perturbations on the asymptotics of the so-called survival probability. This notion
Proof of the outage probability conjecture for MISO channels
Abbe, Emmanuel; Telatar, Emre
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In Telatar 1999, it is conjectured that the covariance matrices minimizing the outage probability for MIMO channels with Gaussian fading are diagonal with either zeros or constant values on the diagonal. In the MISO setting, this is equivalent to conjecture that the Gaussian quadratic forms having largest tale probability correspond to such diagonal matrices. We prove here the conjecture in the MISO setting.
Probability distributions of land surface wind speeds over North America
Dai, Aiguo
. Jones, A. Dai, S. Biner, D. Caya, and K. Winger (2010), Probability distributions of land surface wind distribution used for estimation of wind climate and annual winProbability distributions of land surface wind speeds over North America Yanping He,1 Adam Hugh
Announced Dynamic Access Probability protocol for next generation wireless networks
Levy, Hanoch
Announced Dynamic Access Probability protocol for next generation wireless networks Z. NAOR #3; H probability. Keywords: wireless networks, multiple access, MAC #3; naorz@post.tau.ac.il y hanoch@cs.tau.ac.il 1 #12; 1 Introduction Wireless networks are rapidly expanding. Future satellite-based networks
astronautical aste overview majors & areas of emphasis
Rohs, Remo
- communications, propulsion, structures and mechanisms, thermal control, power systems, launch systems Astronautical engineers design, build and operate space vehicles used in exploration and applications of places in areas such as electric propulsion, plasma physics, heliospheric structure, fundamental processes
A statistical analysis of personnel contaminations in 200 Area facilities
Wagner, M.A.; Stoddard, D.H.
1983-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
This study determined the frequency statistics of personnel contaminations in 200 Area facilities. These statistics are utilized in probability calculations for contamination risks, and are part of an effort to provide reliable information for use in safety studies. Data for this analysis were obtained from the 200 Area and the Tritium Area Fault Tree Data Banks and were analyzed with the aid of the STATPAC computer code.
Wahlen, R.K.
1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The initial three production reactors and their support facilities were designated as the 100-B, 100-D, and 100-F areas. In subsequent years, six additional plutonium-producing reactors were constructed and operated at the Hanford Site. Among them was one dual-purpose reactor (100-N) designed to supply steam for the production of electricity as a by-product. Figure 1 pinpoints the location of each of the nine Hanford Site reactors along the Columbia River. This report documents a brief description of the 105-B reactor, support facilities, and significant events that are considered to be of historical interest. 21 figs.
Shewchuk, Jonathan
, energy, infrastructure or transport. Participants in this specialization area work closely with the GreenConcentration in Green Design Research and Education Opportunities Carnegie Mellon University Civil and Environmental Engineering www.ce.cmu.edu M.S. Concentration Green Design - Course Only Track As an extension
RUNNING HEAD: Balkanization of Probability Balkanization and Unification of Probabilistic Inferences
Yu, Alex
RUNNING HEAD: Balkanization of Probability Balkanization and Unification of Probabilistic;Balkanization of Probability 2 Abstract Many research-related classes in social sciences present probability;Balkanization of Probability 3 Balkanization and Unification of Probabilistic Inferences Introduction Use
Large Area Vacuum Deposited Coatings
Martin, Peter M.
2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
It's easy to make the myriad of types of large area and decorative coatings for granted. We probably don't even think about most of them; the low-e and heat mirror coatings on our windows and car windows, the mirrors in displays, antireflection coatings on windows and displays, protective coatings on aircraft windows, heater coatings on windshields and aircraft windows, solar reflectors, thin film solar cells, telescope mirrors, Hubble mirrors, transparent conductive coatings, and the list goes on. All these products require large deposition systems and chambers. Also, don't forget that large batches of small substrates or parts are coated in large chambers. In order to be cost effective hundreds of ophthalmic lenses, automobile reflectors, display screens, lamp reflectors, cell phone windows, laser reflectors, DWDM filters, are coated in batches.
Lower and upper probabilities in the distributive lattice of subsystems
A. Vourdas
2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
The set of subsystems of a finite quantum system (with variables in Z(n)) together with logical connectives, is a distributive lattice. With regard to this lattice, the (where P(m) is the projector to) obeys a supermodularity inequality, and it is interpreted as a lower probability in the sense of the Dempster-Shafer theory, and not as a Kolmogorov probability. It is shown that the basic concepts of the Dempster-Shafer theory (lower and upper probabilities and the Dempster multivaluedness) are pertinent to the quantum formalism of finite systems.
Origin of probabilities and their application to the multiverse
Andreas Albrecht; Daniel Phillips
2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
We argue using simple models that all successful practical uses of probabilities originate in quantum fluctuations in the microscopic physical world around us, often propagated to macroscopic scales. Thus we claim there is no physically verified fully classical theory of probability. We comment on the general implications of this view, and specifically question the application of classical probability theory to cosmology in cases where key questions are known to have no quantum answer. We argue that the ideas developed here may offer a way out of the notorious measure problems of eternal inflation.
Geology Report: Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site DOE/Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada
NSTec Environmental Management
2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Surficial geologic studies near the Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site (RWMS) were conducted as part of a site characterization program. Studies included evaluation of the potential for future volcanism and Area 3 fault activity that could impact waste disposal operations at the Area 3 RWMS. Future volcanic activity could lead to disruption of the Area 3 RWMS. Local and regional studies of volcanic risk indicate that major changes in regional volcanic activity within the next 1,000 years are not likely. Mapped basalts of Paiute Ridge, Nye Canyon, and nearby Scarp Canyon are Miocene in age. There is a lack of evidence for post-Miocene volcanism in the subsurface of Yucca Flat, and the hazard of basaltic volcanism at the Area 3 RWMS, within the 1,000-year regulatory period, is very low and not a forseeable future event. Studies included a literature review and data analysis to evaluate unclassified published and unpublished information regarding the Area 3 and East Branch Area 3 faults mapped in Area 3 and southern Area 7. Two trenches were excavated along the Area 3 fault to search for evidence of near-surface movement prior to nuclear testing. Allostratigraphic units and fractures were mapped in Trenches ST02 and ST03. The Area 3 fault is a plane of weakness that has undergone strain resulting from stress imposed by natural events and underground nuclear testing. No major vertical displacement on the Area 3 fault since the Early Holocene, and probably since the Middle Pleistocene, can be demonstrated. The lack of major displacement within this time frame and minimal vertical extent of minor fractures suggest that waste disposal operations at the Area 3 RWMS will not be impacted substantially by the Area 3 fault, within the regulatory compliance period. A geomorphic surface map of Yucca Flat utilizes the recent geomorphology and soil characterization work done in adjacent northern Frenchman Flat. The approach taken was to adopt the map unit boundaries (line work) of Swadley and Hoover (1990) and re-label these with map unit designations like those in northern Frenchman Flat (Huckins-Gang et al, 1995a,b,c; Snyder et al, 1995a,b,c,d).
Review of Literature for Model Assisted Probability of Detection
Meyer, Ryan M.; Crawford, Susan L.; Lareau, John P.; Anderson, Michael T.
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
This is a draft technical letter report for NRC client documenting a literature review of model assisted probability of detection (MAPOD) for potential application to nuclear power plant components for improvement of field NDE performance estimations.
BayesDB : querying the probable implications of tabular data
Baxter, Jay
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
BayesDB, a Bayesian database table, lets users query the probable implications of their tabular data as easily as an SQL database lets them query the data itself. Using the built-in Bayesian Query Language (BQL), users ...
Probability 1 computation with chemical reaction networks Rachel Cummings
Probability 1 computation with chemical reaction networks Rachel Cummings David Doty David Soloveichik§ Abstract The computational power of stochastic chemical reaction networks (CRNs) varies signifi computation. How can chemical reactions process information, make decisions, and solve problems? A natural
Objective Probability as a Guide to the World Michael Strevens
Strevens, Michael
will find its way back to the egg in just the right form that the egg will be reconstituted, and will leap. If quantum mechanics is probabilistic then objective probabilities are everywhere. Even if quantum mechanics
Rateless Code Based Multimedia Multicasting with Outage Probability Constraints
Blostein, Steven D.
Rateless Code Based Multimedia Multicasting with Outage Probability Constraints Wei Sheng, Wai encoding transmission (PET)-based packetization structure [1] combined with rateless codes. Outage is capable of minimizing the transmission cost while simultaneously guaranteeing outage prob- ability
Calculating the probability of detecting radio signals from alien civilizations
Marko Horvat
2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
Although it might not be self-evident, it is in fact entirely possible to calculate the probability of detecting alien radio signals by understanding what types of extraterrestrial radio emissions can be expected and what properties these emissions can have. Using the Drake equation as the obvious starting point, and logically identifying and enumerating constraints of interstellar radio communications can yield the probability of detecting a genuine alien radio signal.
Calculating the probability of detecting radio signals from alien civilizations
Horvat, Marko
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Although it might not be self-evident, it is in fact entirely possible to calculate the probability of detecting alien radio signals by understanding what types of extraterrestrial radio emissions can be expected and what properties these emissions can have. Using the Drake equation as the obvious starting point, and logically identifying and enumerating constraints of interstellar radio communications can yield the probability of detecting a genuine alien radio signal.
Linear feature selection and the probability of misclassification
Darcey, Louise Wilson
1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
) (Member) May 1974 ABSTRACT Linear Feature Selecti. on and the Probability of Misclassification. (May 1974) Louise Wilson Darcey, B. S. , University of Texas at Austin Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. L. F. Guseman, Jr. A classifi. cation... procedure for n-dimensional normally distributed observation vectors which belong to one of two populations is described. In particular, a computational procedure is presented for finding a lxn vector B which minimizes the probability...
Semiclassical Approach to Survival Probability at Quantum Phase Transitions
Wen-ge Wang; Pinquan Qin; Lewei He; Ping Wang
2010-02-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study the decay of survival probability at quantum phase transitions (QPT). The semiclassical theory is found applicable in the vicinities of critical points with infinite degeneracy. The theory predicts a power law decay of the survival probability for relatively long times in systems with d=1 and an exponential decay in systems with sufficiently large d, where d is the degrees of freedom of the underlying classical dynamics. The semiclassical predictions are checked numerically in four models.
Connection probability for random graphs with given degree sequence
Xinping Xu
2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, the classical configuration model for random graphs with given degree distribution has been extensively used as a null model in contraposition to real networks with the same degree distribution. In this paper, we briefly review the applications of this model and derive analytical expression for connection probability by the expanding coefficient method. We also use our expanding coefficient method to obtain the connection probability for the directed configuration model.
The resonance absorption probability function for neutron and multiplicative integral
V. D. Rusov; V. A. Tarasov; S. I. Kosenko; S. A. Chernegenko
2012-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
The analytical approximations for the moderating neutrons flux density like Fermi spectra, widely used in reactor physics, involve the probability function for moderating neutron to avoid the resonant absorption obtained using some restrictive assumptions regarding the acceptable resonances width. By means of multiplicative integral (Volterra integral) theory for a commutative algebra an analytical expression for the probability function is obtained rigorously without any restrictive assumptions.
Forecasting the probability of forest fires in Northeast Texas
Wadleigh, Stuart Allen
1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
FORECASTING THE PROBABILITY OF FOREST FIRES IN NORTHEAST TEXAS A Thesis by STUART ALLEN WADLEIGH Submit ted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1972 Major Subject: Meteorology FORECASTING THE PROBABILITY OF FOREST FIRES IN NORTHEAST TEXAS A Thesis by STUART ALLEN WADLEIGH Approved as to style and content by: ( irman of ee) (Head of Depar nt) (Member) (Member) December 1972 c...
Multiobjective fuzzy stochastic linear programming problems with inexact probability distribution
Hamadameen, Abdulqader Othman [Optimization, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, UTM (Malaysia); Zainuddin, Zaitul Marlizawati [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, UTM (Malaysia)
2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z
This study deals with multiobjective fuzzy stochastic linear programming problems with uncertainty probability distribution which are defined as fuzzy assertions by ambiguous experts. The problem formulation has been presented and the two solutions strategies are; the fuzzy transformation via ranking function and the stochastic transformation when ?{sup –}. cut technique and linguistic hedges are used in the uncertainty probability distribution. The development of Sen’s method is employed to find a compromise solution, supported by illustrative numerical example.
Characterizing common cause closedness of quantum probability theories
Yuichiro Kitajima; Miklos Redei
2015-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We prove new results on common cause closedness of quantum probability spaces, where by a quantum probability space is meant the projection lattice of a non-commutative von Neumann algebra together with a countably additive probability measure on the lattice. Common cause closedness is the feature that for every correlation between a pair of commuting projections there exists in the lattice a third projection commuting with both of the correlated projections and which is a Reichenbachian common cause of the correlation. The main result we prove is that a quantum probability space is common cause closed if and only if it has at most one measure theoretic atom. This result improves earlier ones published in Z. GyenisZ and M. Redei Erkenntnis 79 (2014) 435-451. The result is discussed from the perspective of status of the Common Cause Principle. Open problems on common cause closedness of general probability spaces $(\\mathcal{L},\\phi)$ are formulated, where $\\mathcal{L}$ is an orthomodular bounded lattice and $\\phi$ is a probability measure on $\\mathcal{L}$.
Razavi, Behzad
, the choice of device technology is discussed, and the design of building blocks such as low-noise amplifiers (formerly AT&T Microelectron- ics) offers a single-chip solution that, along with a low-noise amplifier (LNA and mixers, oscillators, and power amplifiers is described. Last, some of the emerging applications of RF
Probability of the most massive cluster under non-Gaussian initial conditions
Laura Cayón; Christopher Gordon; Joseph Silk
2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z
Very massive high redshift clusters can be used to constrain and test the Lambda CDM model. Taking into account the observational constraints of Jee et al. (2009) we have calculated the probability for the most massive cluster to be found in the range (5.2-7.6)e14 M_sun, between redshifts 1.4-2.2, with a sky area of 11 sqdeg and under non-Gaussian initial conditions. Clusters constrain the non-Gaussianity on smaller scales than current cosmic microwave background or halo bias data and so can be used to test for running of the non-Gaussianity parameter f_NL.
LED Provides Effective and Efficient Parking Area Lighting at...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
White Light Options for Parking Area Lighting Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Street Lighting, Final Report Guide to FEMP-Designated Parking Lot...
Form and territory : a comparison between four areas in Cairo
Bakr, Sawsan El Sayed
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the design of the built environment, it is very important to understand and realize the importance of design decisions such as - The form of the environment to be created. - The percentage of the open and built areas . ...
A new Search via Probability Algorithm for solving Engineering ...
Admin
2012-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
Without loss of generality, we design an algorithm to solve the problem (I), the .... Statistics of 30 times by running ESVP algorithm for Three-Bar Truss Design.
Some Applications of the Fractional Poisson Probability Distribution
Nick Laskin
2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
Physical and mathematical applications of fractional Poisson probability distribution have been presented. As a physical application, a new family of quantum coherent states has been introduced and studied. As mathematical applications, we have discovered and developed the fractional generalization of Bell polynomials, Bell numbers, and Stirling numbers. Appearance of fractional Bell polynomials is natural if one evaluates the diagonal matrix element of the evolution operator in the basis of newly introduced quantum coherent states. Fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind have been applied to evaluate skewness and kurtosis of the fractional Poisson probability distribution function. A new representation of Bernoulli numbers in terms of fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind has been obtained. A representation of Schlafli polynomials in terms of fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind has been found. A new representations of Mittag-Leffler function involving fractional Bell polynomials and fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind have been discovered. Fractional Stirling numbers of the first kind have been introduced and studied. Two new polynomial sequences associated with fractional Poisson probability distribution have been launched and explored. The relationship between new polynomials and the orthogonal Charlier polynomials has also been investigated. In the limit case when the fractional Poisson probability distribution becomes the Poisson probability distribution, all of the above listed developments and implementations turn into the well-known results of quantum optics, the theory of combinatorial numbers and the theory of orthogonal polynomials of discrete variable.
Channel Capacity and Optimization of Probability Measure Toward Optimal Modulation Design
Ikeda, Shiro
). SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio, SN ) S 2 (x) 2 0 S R AWGN 1 AWGN X X P PPP (peak power constraint, ) PPP = { : R R+ (x) = 0 for |x| > a, E[1] = 1 } . PPP PPP Smith 2 5 Shannon PPP 2 AWGN 2 Shannon Shannon (1 Smith AWGN Smith 1971 4 5 13 14 I(X; Y ) (x) I() C C = sup P I(). (5) I() (concave) X PPP AWGN 0 I
New South Wales, University of
Catheter Lab Boiler House Main Entry Short Street ChapelStreet Vehicle Exit 23. Gray Street Car ParkingService Entry Waste Handling Area Delivery Area Admissions Entrance Inquiries Desk Cafeteria Coffee in July 2000 Vehicle Entry Emergency Main Entrance TOKOGARAHRAILWAYSTATION LEGEND Areas under construction
Unit 51 - GIS Application Areas
Unit 51, CC in GIS; Cowen, David; Ferguson, Warren
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS UNIT 51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS1990 Page 1 Unit 51 - GIS Application Areas Computers inyour students. UNIT 51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS Compiled with
A new mathematical approach to multi-area power system reliability evaluation
Pathak, Rajesh
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the assumption of perfectly correlated area loads 29 30 32 32 33 33 CHAPTER 4. Method 3: Direct computation of probabilities of br, 5s, and 5's 5. Method 4: Estimation of the probabilities of br, br, and bs Page 39 41 IV NEW RESULTS...
FIRE Vacuum Vessel Design and Analysis
FIRE Vacuum Vessel Design and Analysis B. Nelson, T. Brown, H-M Fan, G. Jones, C. Kessel, D. Driemeyer, M. Ulrickson FIRE Design Review June 6, 2001 PPPL #12;6 June 2001 FIRE Review: Vacuum Vessel Design 2 Presentation outline · Scope of vacuum vessel task area · Design requirements · Design concept
Some Results in the Hyperinvariant Subspace Problem and Free Probability
Tucci Scuadroni, Gabriel H.
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
[X]!C given by a(Xk) = ?(ak); k2N where C[X] denotes the set of complex polynomials in the indeterminate X. If A is a C -algebra, ? a state on A, and a = a , then by the Riesz representation theorem, a determines a probability measure on R which we will also... denote by a. That is, a is the unique compactly supported Borel probability measure on R which 4 satis es Z R tkd a(t) = ?(ak); k2N: The joint distribution of a family (ai)i2I of non-commutative random variables in (A;?) is the linear map (ai) : Ch...
Economic choices reveal probability distortion in macaque monkeys
Stauffer, William R.; Lak, Armin; Bossaerts, Peter; Schultz, Wolfram
2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
have identified probability distortions. The majority have 85 shown that monkeys are risk seeking for small rewards (McCoy and Platt, 2005; 86 O’Neill and Schultz, 2010; Kim et al., 2012; So and Stuphorn, 2012; Lak et al., 2014; 87... and magnitude (So 90 and Stuphorn, 2012; Raghuraman and Padoa-Schioppa, 2014), or by holding 91 probability constant and changing the magnitude (McCoy and Platt, 2005; Kim et al., 92 2012; Yamada et al., 2013; Lak et al., 2014; Stauffer et al., 2014...
The Measure for the Multiverse and the Probability for Inflation
Miao Li; Yi Wang
2007-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the measure problem in the framework of inflationary cosmology. The measure of the history space is constructed and applied to inflation models. Using this measure, it is shown that the probability for the generalized single field slow roll inflation to last for $N$ e-folds is suppressed by a factor $\\exp(-3N)$, and the probability for the generalized $n$-field slow roll inflation is suppressed by a much larger factor $\\exp(-3nN)$. Some non-inflationary models such as the cyclic model do not suffer from this difficulty.
Kolmogorov Algorithmic Complexity and its Probability Interpretation in Quantum Gravity
V. D. Dzhunushaliev
1997-04-16T23:59:59.000Z
The quantum gravity has great difficulties with application of the probability notion. In given article this problem is analyzed according to algorithmic viewpoint. According to A.N. Kolmogorov, the probability notion can be connected with algorithmic complexity of given object. The paper proposes an interpretation of quantum gravity, according to which an appearance of something corresponds to its Kolmogorov's algorithmic complexity. By this viewpoint the following questions are considered: the quantum transition with supplementary coordinates splitting off, the algorithmic complexity of the Schwarzschild black hole is estimated, the redefinition of the Feynman path integral, the quantum birth of the Euclidean Universe with the following changing of the metric signature.
Plutonium focus area: Technology summary
NONE
1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
To ensure research and development programs focus on the most pressing environmental restoration and waste management problems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) established a working group in August 1993 to implement a new approach to research and technology development. As part of this approach, EM developed a management structure and principles that led to creation of specific focus areas. These organizations were designed to focus scientific and technical talent throughout DOE and the national scientific community on major environmental restoration and waste management problems facing DOE. The focus area approach provides the framework for inter-site cooperation and leveraging of resources on common problems. After the original establishment of five major focus areas within the Office of Technology Development (EM-50), the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (NMSTG, EM-66) followed EM-50`s structure and chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA). NMSTG`s charter to the PFA, described in detail later in this book, plays a major role in meeting the EM-66 commitments to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB). The PFA is a new program for FY96 and as such, the primary focus of revision 0 of this Technology Summary is an introduction to the Focus Area; its history, development, and management structure, including summaries of selected technologies being developed. Revision 1 to the Plutonium Focus Area Technology Summary is slated to include details on all technologies being developed, and is currently planned for release in August 1996. The following report outlines the scope and mission of the Office of Environmental Management, EM-60, and EM-66 organizations as related to the PFA organizational structure.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES FOR CHROMIUM IN THE 100 AREAS
PETERSEN SW
2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
{sm_bullet} Primary Objective: Protect the Columbia River - Focus is control and treatment of contamination at or near the shoreline, which is influenced by bank storage {sm_bullet} Secondary Objective: Reduce hexavalent chromium to <48 parts per billion (ppb) in aquifer (drinking water standard) - Large plumes with isolated areas of high chromium concentrations (> 40,000 ppb), - Unknown source location(s); probably originating in reactor operation areas
Carlsbad Area Office strategic plan
NONE
1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This edition of the Carlsbad Area Office Strategic Plan captures the U.S. Department of Energy`s new focus, and supercedes the edition issued previously in 1995. This revision reflects a revised strategy designed to demonstrate compliance with environmental regulations earlier than the previous course of action; and a focus on the selected combination of scientific investigations, engineered alternatives, and waste acceptance criteria for supporting the compliance applications. An overview of operations and historical aspects of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad, New Mexico is presented.
STATISTICAL ASSESSMENT OF PROBABILITY OF DETECTION FOR AUTOMATED EDDY CURRENT
STATISTICAL ASSESSMENT OF PROBABILITY OF DETECTION FOR AUTOMATED EDDY CURRENT NONDESTRUCTIVE for Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA Abstract: Eddy current inspection is widely response collected using our motion controlled eddy current inspection system, are used in the analysis
Outage Probability Analysis of Distributed Reception with Hard Decision Exchanges
Brown III, Donald R.
Outage Probability Analysis of Distributed Reception with Hard Decision Exchanges Rui Wang, D. Richard Brown III, Min Ni Dept. of Electrical and Computer Eng. Worcester Polytechnic Institute 100 Institute Rd, Worcester, MA 01609 Email: {rwang,drb,minni@wpi.edu} Upamanyu Madhow Dept. of Electrical
Evaluating the small deviation probabilities for subordinated Levy processes
Shi, Zhan
Evaluating the small deviation probabilities for subordinated LÂ´evy processes Werner Linde and Zhan and Linde [7]) that the small deviation problem for Z is equivalent to the problem of estimating the entropy recent progresses (Samorodnitsky [13], Simon [16]Â[17], Ishikawa [3], Li and Linde [8], Lifshits
Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Implications of Personal Probability for Induction
Barrett, Jeffrey A.
Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Implications of Personal Probability for Induction Author(s): Leonard J. Savage Source: The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 64, No. 19, Sixty-Fourth Annual Meeting of the American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division (Oct. 5, 1967), pp. 593-607 Published by: Journal of Philosophy, Inc
Time-of-arrival probabilities for general particle detectors
Charis Anastopoulos; Ntina Savvidou
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
We develop a general framework for the construction of probabilities for the time of arrival in quantum systems. The time of arrival is identified with the time instant when a transition in the detector's degrees of freedom takes place. Thus, its definition is embedded within the larger issue of defining probabilities with respect to time for general quantum transitions. The key point in our analysis is that we manage to reduce the problem of defining a quantum time observable to a mathematical model where time is associated to a transition from a subspace of the Hilbert space of the total system to its complementary subspace. This property makes it possible to derive a general expression for the probability for the time of transition, valid for any quantum system, with the only requirement that the time of transition is correlated with a definite macroscopic record. The framework developed here allows for the consideration of any experimental configuration for the measurement of the time of arrival and it also applies to relativistic systems with interactions described by quantum field theory. We use the method in order to describe time-of-arrival measurements in high-energy particle reactions and for a rigorous derivation of the time-integrated probabilities in particle oscillations.
Some applications of the fractional Poisson probability distribution
Laskin, Nick [TopQuark Inc., Toronto, Ontario M6P 2P2 (Canada)
2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Physical and mathematical applications of the recently invented fractional Poisson probability distribution have been presented. As a physical application, a new family of quantum coherent states has been introduced and studied. As mathematical applications, we have developed the fractional generalization of Bell polynomials, Bell numbers, and Stirling numbers of the second kind. The appearance of fractional Bell polynomials is natural if one evaluates the diagonal matrix element of the evolution operator in the basis of newly introduced quantum coherent states. Fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind have been introduced and applied to evaluate the skewness and kurtosis of the fractional Poisson probability distribution function. A representation of the Bernoulli numbers in terms of fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind has been found. In the limit case when the fractional Poisson probability distribution becomes the Poisson probability distribution, all of the above listed developments and implementations turn into the well-known results of the quantum optics and the theory of combinatorial numbers.
A Probability Analysis for Frequent Itemset Mining Algorithms Nele Dexters
Antwerpen, Universiteit
M Research Group, University of Antwerp, Belgium Since the introduction of the Frequent Itemset Mining (FIMA Probability Analysis for Frequent Itemset Mining Algorithms Nele Dexters PhD student, ADRe, Mining Association Rules between Sets of Items in Large Databases, in Proc. ACM SIGMOD Conference
Math 30530: Introduction to Probability, Fall 2012 Midterm Exam I
Galvin, David
), brewing the elixir of life (40% of the times) and creating the Philosopher's stone (40% of the time). When he tries to turn lead into gold, the result always ends with a explosion; when he brews the elixir conclude is the probability that he has just missed a demonstration of brewing the elixir of life? Solution
STATISTICAL HYPOTHESIS GENERATION: DETERMINING THE MOST PROBABLE SUBSET
California at Los Angeles, University of
, of a scientific production line in which data is fed into one end and knowledge comes out of the other. Gauss for a partially automated hypothesis formulation process. The proposed hypothesis formulation process generates, the one that seems more probable should always be chosen (1713). Because of the automated nature
Spin flip probability of electron in a uniform magnetic field
Hammond, Richard T. [Department of Physics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina and Army Research Office, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27703 (United States)
2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z
The probability that an electromagnetic wave can flip the spin of an electron is calculated. It is assumed that the electron resides in a uniform magnetic field and interacts with an incoming electromagnetic pulse. The scattering matrix is constructed and the time needed to flip the spin is calculated.
Probability Distribution of Curvatures of Isosurfaces in Gaussian Random Fields
Paulo R. S. Mendonca; Rahul Bhotika; James V. Miller
2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
An expression for the joint probability distribution of the principal curvatures at an arbitrary point in the ensemble of isosurfaces defined on isotropic Gaussian random fields on Rn is derived. The result is obtained by deriving symmetry properties of the ensemble of second derivative matrices of isotropic Gaussian random fields akin to those of the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble.
On the probability and spatial distribution of ocean surface currents
Ashkenazy, Yossi "Yosef"
Corresponding author address: Yosef Ashkenazy, Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, BIDR, Ben- GurionOn the probability and spatial distribution of ocean surface currents Yosef Ashkenazy Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, BIDR, Ben-Gurion University, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel Hezi Gildor The Fredy
A converse Lyapunov theorem for asymptotic stability in probability
Hespanha, João Pedro
1 A converse Lyapunov theorem for asymptotic stability in probability A.R. Teel, J.P. Hespanha, A. Subbaraman Abstract A converse Lyapunov theorem is established for discrete-time stochastic systems with non implies the existence of a continuous Lyapunov function, smooth outside of the attractor, that decreases
Grinstead and Snell's Introduction to Probability The CHANCE Project1
Zhou, Harrison Huibin
to Probability, 2nd edition', published by the American Mathematical So- ciety, Copyright (C) 2003 Charles M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433 11.4 Fundamental Limit Theorem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447 11.5 Mean First of chance. Problems like those Pascal and Fermat solved continued to influence such early researchers
The Emergence and Interpretation of Probability in Bohmian Mechanics1
Callender, Craig
The Emergence and Interpretation of Probability in Bohmian Mechanics1 The Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics is capable of illustrating, by itself, virtually every philosophical and foundational comes in many forms, both stochastic and deterministic. The other reason is that quantum mechanics
Word learning, phonological short-term memory, phonotactic probability and
Gupta, Prahlad
for thinking about various types of studies of word learning. We then review a number of themes that in recent as a useful organizing scheme for thinking about various types of studies of word learning. In §2, we reviewWord learning, phonological short-term memory, phonotactic probability and long-term memory
Rutgers Applied Probability Conference Department of Management Science & Information Systems
2nd Rutgers Applied Probability Conference Department of Management Science & Information Systems and the Management Sciences, New Jersey Chapter Stochastic Methods in Information Technology December 6 in memory of Research and the Management Sciences, New Jersey Chapter Stochastic Methods in Information Technology Ben
Protein structure determination using a database of interatomic distance probabilities
Phillips, George N. Jr.
determination and molecular modeling. An energy function, or database potential, is derived from distributionsProtein structure determination using a database of interatomic distance probabilities MICHAEL E for Advanced Science and Technology and National Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois
Assignment 1, Probability and Distribution September 10, 2011
Shihada, Basem
Assignment 1, Probability and Distribution September 10, 2011 Question 1 Exponential distribution is an important distribution in this course. We will be using it quite frequently in our future lectures. Suppose a non-negative real valued random variable X obeys an exponential distribution with parameter µ. That is
Probability Density Function Estimation Using Orthogonal Forward Regression
Chen, Sheng
Probability Density Function Estimation Using Orthogonal Forward Regression S. Chen, X. Hong and C estimation is formulated as a regression problem and the orthogonal forward regression tech- nique is adopted procedure. Two examples are used to demonstrate the ability of this regression- based approach
Duffy, Stephen
2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
This project will implement inelastic constitutive models that will yield the requisite stress-strain information necessary for graphite component design. Accurate knowledge of stress states (both elastic and inelastic) is required to assess how close a nuclear core component is to failure. Strain states are needed to assess deformations in order to ascertain serviceability issues relating to failure, e.g., whether too much shrinkage has taken place for the core to function properly. Failure probabilities, as opposed to safety factors, are required in order to capture the bariability in failure strength in tensile regimes. The current stress state is used to predict the probability of failure. Stochastic failure models will be developed that can accommodate possible material anisotropy. This work will also model material damage (i.e., degradation of mechanical properties) due to radiation exposure. The team will design tools for components fabricated from nuclear graphite. These tools must readily interact with finite element software--in particular, COMSOL, the software algorithm currently being utilized by the Idaho National Laboratory. For the eleastic response of graphite, the team will adopt anisotropic stress-strain relationships available in COMSO. Data from the literature will be utilized to characterize the appropriate elastic material constants.
Design intent tool: User guide
Mills, Evan; Abell, Daniel; Bell, Geoffrey; Faludi, Jeremy; Greenberg, Steve; Hitchcock, Rob; Piette, Mary Ann; Sartor, Dalei; Stum, Karl
2002-08-23T23:59:59.000Z
This database tool provides a structured approach to recording design decisions that impact a facility's design intent in areas such as energy efficiency.Owners and de signers alike can plan, monitor and verify that a facility's design intent is being met during each stage of the design process. Additionally, the Tool gives commissioning agents, facility operators and future owners and renovators an understanding of how the building and its subsystems are intended to operate, and thus track and benchmark performance.
Riparian Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Management Handbook
Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"
..............................................................................................................19 Bruce Hoagland, Oklahoma Biological Survey and the University of Oklahoma Forest Management Riparian Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Management Handbook E-952 Oklahoma Cooperative . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oklahoma Conservation Commission Management Handbook #12
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
and roads The spatial location and boundaries for each Site shown on the Site Monitoring Area maps originate from activities conducted under the Compliance Order on Consent with...
Probabilities in the landscape: The decay of nearly flat space
Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Lippert, Matthew [Department of Physics and Center for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA and University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40292 (United States)
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss aspects of the problem of assigning probabilities in eternal inflation. In particular, we investigate a recent suggestion that the lowest energy de Sitter vacuum in the landscape is effectively stable. The associated proposal for probabilities would relegate lower energy vacua to unlikely excursions of a high entropy system. We note that it would also imply that the string theory landscape is experimentally ruled out. However, we extensively analyze the structure of the space of Coleman-De Luccia solutions, and we present analytic arguments, as well as numerical evidence, that the decay rate varies continuously as the false vacuum energy goes through zero. Hence, low-energy de Sitter vacua do not become anomalously stable; negative and zero-cosmological constant regions cannot be neglected.
What Determines the Sticking Probability of Water Molecules on Ice?
Batista, Enrique; Ayotte, Patrick; Bilic , Ante; Kay, Bruce D.; Jonsson, Hannes
2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z
We present both experimental and theoretical studies of the sticking of water molecules on ice. The sticking probability is unity over a wide range in energy (0.5 eV–1.5 eV) when the molecules are incident along the surface normal, but drops as the angle increases at high incident energy. This is explained in terms of the strong orientational dependence of the interaction of the molecule with the surface and the time required for the reorientation of the molecule. The sticking probability is found to scale with the component of the incident velocity in the plane of the surface, unlike the commonly assumed normal or total energy scaling.
Probability distribution functions in the finite density lattice QCD
S. Ejiri; Y. Nakagawa; S. Aoki; K. Kanaya; H. Saito; T. Hatsuda; H. Ohno; T. Umeda
2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
We study the phase structure of QCD at high temperature and density by lattice QCD simulations adopting a histogram method. We try to solve the problems which arise in the numerical study of the finite density QCD, focusing on the probability distribution function (histogram). As a first step, we investigate the quark mass dependence and the chemical potential dependence of the probability distribution function as a function of the Polyakov loop when all quark masses are sufficiently large, and study the properties of the distribution function. The effect from the complex phase of the quark determinant is estimated explicitly. The shape of the distribution function changes with the quark mass and the chemical potential. Through the shape of the distribution, the critical surface which separates the first order transition and crossover regions in the heavy quark region is determined for the 2+1-flavor case.
Systematics of fusion probability in "hot" fusion reactions
Ning Wang; Junlong Tian; Werner Scheid
2011-12-28T23:59:59.000Z
The fusion probability in "hot" fusion reactions leading to the synthesis of super-heavy nuclei is investigated systematically. The quasi-fission barrier influences the formation of the super-heavy nucleus around the "island of stability" in addition to the shell correction. Based on the quasi-fission barrier height obtained with the Skyrme energy-density functional, we propose an analytical expression for the description of the fusion probability, with which the measured evaporation residual cross sections can be reproduced acceptably well. Simultaneously, some special fusion reactions for synthesizing new elements 119 and 120 are studied. The predicted evaporation residual cross sections for 50Ti+249Bk are about 10-150fb at energies around the entrance-channel Coulomb barrier. For the fusion reactions synthesizing element 120 with projectiles 54Cr and 58Fe, the cross sections fall to a few femtobarns which seems beyond the limit of the available facilities.
Using percolation techniques to estimate interwell connectivity probability
Li, Weiqiang
2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
results for fluid travel time between locations in a percolation model, we developed a method to estimate interwell connectivity. Three parameters are needed to use this approach: the sandbody occupied probability sand p , the dimensionless reservoir... and can estimate the interwell connectivity accurately for thin intervals with sand p in the 60% to 80% range. The proposed method requires that the reservoir interval for evaluation be sufficiently thin so that 2D percolation results can...
Simple and Compact Expressions for Neutrino Oscillation Probabilities in Matter
Minakata, Hisakazu
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We reformulate perturbation theory for neutrino oscillations in matter with an expansion parameter related to the ratio of the solar to the atmospheric Delta m^2 scales. Unlike previous works, we use a renormalized basis in which certain first-order effects are taken into account in the zeroth-order Hamiltonian. Using this perturbation theory we derive extremely compact expressions for the neutrino oscillation probabilities in matter. We find, for example, that the $\
Evaluations of Structural Failure Probabilities and Candidate Inservice Inspection Programs
Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Simonen, Fredric A.
2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The work described in this report applies probabilistic structural mechanics models to predict the reliability of nuclear pressure boundary components. These same models are then applied to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative programs for inservice inspection to reduce these failure probabilities. Results of the calculations support the development and implementation of risk-informed inservice inspection of piping and vessels. Studies have specifically addressed the potential benefits of ultrasonic inspections to reduce failure probabilities associated with fatigue crack growth and stress-corrosion cracking. Parametric calculations were performed with the computer code pc-PRAISE to generate an extensive set of plots to cover a wide range of pipe wall thicknesses, cyclic operating stresses, and inspection strategies. The studies have also addressed critical inputs to fracture mechanics calculations such as the parameters that characterize the number and sizes of fabrication flaws in piping welds. Other calculations quantify uncertainties associated with the inputs calculations, the uncertainties in the fracture mechanics models, and the uncertainties in the resulting calculated failure probabilities. A final set of calculations address the effects of flaw sizing errors on the effectiveness of inservice inspection programs.
Recursive recovery of Markov transition probabilities from boundary value data
Patch, S.K.
1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
In an effort to mathematically describe the anisotropic diffusion of infrared radiation in biological tissue Gruenbaum posed an anisotropic diffusion boundary value problem in 1989. In order to accommodate anisotropy, he discretized the temporal as well as the spatial domain. The probabilistic interpretation of the diffusion equation is retained; radiation is assumed to travel according to a random walk (of sorts). In this random walk the probabilities with which photons change direction depend upon their previous as well as present location. The forward problem gives boundary value data as a function of the Markov transition probabilities. The inverse problem requires finding the transition probabilities from boundary value data. Problems in the plane are studied carefully in this thesis. Consistency conditions amongst the data are derived. These conditions have two effects: they prohibit inversion of the forward map but permit smoothing of noisy data. Next, a recursive algorithm which yields a family of solutions to the inverse problem is detailed. This algorithm takes advantage of all independent data and generates a system of highly nonlinear algebraic equations. Pluecker-Grassmann relations are instrumental in simplifying the equations. The algorithm is used to solve the 4 {times} 4 problem. Finally, the smallest nontrivial problem in three dimensions, the 2 {times} 2 {times} 2 problem, is solved.
What is the probability that radiation caused a particular cancer
Voelz, G.L.
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Courts, lawyers, health physicists, physicians, and others are searching for a credible answer to the question posed in the title of this paper. The cases in which the question arises frequently stem from an individual that has cancer and they, or their next-of-kin, are convinced that a past radiation exposure - usually small - is responsible for causing it. An arithmetic expression of this problem is simple: the probability of causation by the radiation dose in question is equal to the risk of cancer from the radiation dose divided by the risk of cancer from all causes. The application of risk factors to this equation is not so simple. It must involve careful evaluation of the reliability of and variations in risk coefficients for development of cancer due to radiation exposure, other carcinogenic agents, and natural causes for the particular individual. Examination of our knowledge of these various factors indicates that a large range in the answers can result due to the variability and imprecision of the data. Nevertheless, the attempts to calculate and the probability that radiation caused the cancer is extremely useful to provide a gross perspective on the probability of causation. It will likely rule in or out a significant number of cases despite the limitations in our understandings of the etiology of cancer and the risks from various factors. For the remaining cases, a thoughtful and educated judgment based on selected data and circumstances of the case will also be needed before the expert can develop and support his opinion.
Design of PHEVs and Electrolyte Properties
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
size and capacity usage depend on - Cell chemistry and design - Separator area and driving distance 4 Barriers * Electrolyte properties - Poor transport properties - A lack...
Neutron Science Research Areas | ORNL
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Home | Science & Discovery | Neutron Science | Research Areas SHARE Research Areas Neutron scattering research at ORNL covers four broad research areas: biology and soft...
Ingenuity in Geotechnical Design using Geosynthetics Jorge G. Zornberg1
Zornberg, Jorge G.
their use. This is probably because of the ability to tailor the mechanical and hydraulic properties projects. Specifically, this paper addresses the creative use of geosynthetics in the design of earth dams characterization of their mechanical and hydraulic properties. Probably because of these many attributes, the use
Chemical engineers design, control and optimize large-scale chemical,
Rohs, Remo
of equilibrium phase relations and principles of material and energy balance for design, operation of Probability and Statistics for Chemical Engineers (3, Fa) Principles of probability and statistics, random to Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering (3, Fa) (Enroll in BME 410) CHE 442 Chemical Reactor Analysis (3, Fa) Basic
A design advisor for future CAD systems
Vijay, Sarathy P.
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Bedford for their help. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION . , II REPRESENTATION FOR DESIGN OBJECTS . . The Design Process What Is CAD and How It Helps in Design? . Representation Issues Growth of CAD and Inadequacy of Current.... This will help designers realize the issues they need to tackle, up front, thus reducing the number of a, ctual iterations in design. There are many other uses for such a tool. For example, most areas of Mechanical Engineering design have a set of established...
Versatile secondary beam for the meson area
Kirk, T.
1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
A new secondary beam design is outlined for the Meson M6 Beamline that combines versatility with economy. The beamline described will transport charged particles of either sign to 800 GeV/c and bring the beam to a focus in one of three potential experimental areas. The plan makes maximal use of existing civil construction.
Visualization of Tokamak Operational Spaces Through the Projection of Data Probability Distributions
Visualization of Tokamak Operational Spaces Through the Projection of Data Probability Distributions
Impact of Topology and Shadowing on the Outage Probability of Cellular Networks
Coupechoux, Marceau
Impact of Topology and Shadowing on the Outage Probability of Cellular Networks Jean-Marc Kelif--This paper proposes an analytical study of the shadowing impact on the outage probability in cellular radio in the outage probability. From f, we are able to derive the outage probability of a mobile station (MS
Decontamination & decommissioning focus area
NONE
1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
In January 1994, the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE EM) formally introduced its new approach to managing DOE`s environmental research and technology development activities. The goal of the new approach is to conduct research and development in critical areas of interest to DOE, utilizing the best talent in the Department and in the national science community. To facilitate this solutions-oriented approach, the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50, formerly the Office of Technology Development) formed five Focus AReas to stimulate the required basic research, development, and demonstration efforts to seek new, innovative cleanup methods. In February 1995, EM-50 selected the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to lead implementation of one of these Focus Areas: the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) Focus Area.
300 AREA URANIUM CONTAMINATION
BORGHESE JV
2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
{sm_bullet} Uranium fuel production {sm_bullet} Test reactor and separations experiments {sm_bullet} Animal and radiobiology experiments conducted at the. 331 Laboratory Complex {sm_bullet} .Deactivation, decontamination, decommissioning,. and demolition of 300 Area facilities
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Fuels by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month No. 1 Distillate No. 2 Distillate a No. 4 Fuel b Sales to End Users Sales for...
Notes on the Lumped Backward Master Equation for the Neutron Extinction/Survival Probability
Prinja, Anil K [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
The expected or mean neutron number (or density) provides an adequate characterization of the neutron population and its dynamical excursions in most neutronic applications, in particular power reactors. Fluctuations in the neutron number, originating from the inherent randomness of neutron interactions and fission neutron multiplicities, are relatively small and ignorable for operational purposes, although measurements of the variance and time correlations provide valuable diagnostic information on fundamental reactor physics parameters. However, it is well known that there exist situations of great interest and importance in which a strictly deterministic description, or even one supplemented with a knowledge of low order statistical averages (variance, correlation), provides an incomplete and very unsatisfactory description of the state of the neutron population. These situations are marked by persistent large fluctuations in the neutron number where the emergence of a deterministic phase is suppressed. Such situations are strongly stochastic and therefore unpredictable (i.e., the mean is not representative of the actual population), and can arise either by design or by accident. Examples where the stochastic behavior of neutron populations must be taken into account include: nuclear weapon single-point safety assessment; criticality excursions in spent fuel storage and in the handling of fissile solutions in fuel fabrication and reprocessing; approach to critical under suboptimal reactor start-up conditions; preinitiation in fast burst research reactors; and weak nuclear signatures in the passive detection of nuclear materials. What distinguishes strongly stochastic neutronic systems from strongly deterministic systems is that, in the former, neutron multiplication occurs in the presence of weak neutron sources, such as spontaneous fission and background (cosmic) radiation. Weak sources (in a sense that can be made quite precise) lead to well separated fission chains (a fission chain is defined as the initial source neutron and all its subsequent progeny) in which some chains are short lived while others propagate for unusually long times. Under these conditions, fission chains do not overlap strongly and this precludes the cancellation of neutron number fluctuations necessary for the mean to become established as the dominant measure of the neutron population. The fate of individual chains then plays a defining role in the evolution of the neutron population in strongly stochastic systems, and of particular interest and importance in supercritical systems is the extinction probability, defined as the probability that the neutron chain (initiating neutron and its progeny) will be extinguished at a particular time, or its complement, the time-dependent survival probability. The time-asymptotic limit of the latter, the probability of divergence, gives the probability that the neutron population will grow without bound, and is more commonly known as the probability of initiation or just POI. The ability to numerically compute these probabilities, with high accuracy and without overly restricting the underlying physics (e.g., fission neutron multiplicity, reactivity variation) is clearly essential in developing an understanding of the behavior of strongly stochastic systems.
The QUEST Large Area CCD Camera
Charlie Baltay; David Rabinowitz; Peter Andrews; Anne Bauer; Nancy Ellman; William Emmet; Rebecca Hudson; Thomas Hurteau; Jonathan Jerke; Rochelle Lauer; Julia Silge; Andrew Szymkowiak; Brice Adams; Mark Gebhard; James Musser; Michael Doyle; Harold Petrie; Roger Smith; Robert Thicksten; John Geary
2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
We have designed, constructed and put into operation a very large area CCD camera that covers the field of view of the 1.2 m Samuel Oschin Schmidt Telescope at the Palomar Observatory. The camera consists of 112 CCDs arranged in a mosaic of four rows with 28 CCDs each. The CCDs are 600 x 2400 pixel Sarnoff thinned, back illuminated devices with 13 um x 13 um pixels. The camera covers an area of 4.6 deg x 3.6 deg on the sky with an active area of 9.6 square degrees. This camera has been installed at the prime focus of the telescope, commissioned, and scientific quality observations on the Palomar-QUEST Variability Sky Survey were started in September of 2003. The design considerations, construction features, and performance parameters of this camera are described in this paper.
Studies on Hazard Characterization for Performance-based Structural Design
Wang, Yue
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
woodframe structures was developed. Specifically, a database of probability-based scale factors which can be used in a direct displacement design (DDD) procedure for woodframe buildings was created using nonlinear time-history analyses with suitably scaled...
Engineering by Design Ocean Engineering
Virginia Tech
Engineering by Design Ocean Engineering Bachelor of Science Degree Virginia Tech For more engineering is a diverse field. At Virginia Tech, the major focus areas are ocean energy systems and ocean in the aerospace and related industries and in the shipbuilding, naval engineering, and ship design fields. Some
Jamming probabilities for a vacancy in the dimer model
V. S. Poghosyan; V. B. Priezzhev; P. Ruelle
2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Following the recent proposal made by Bouttier et al [Phys. Rev. E 76, 041140 (2007)], we study analytically the mobility properties of a single vacancy in the close-packed dimer model on the square lattice. Using the spanning web representation, we find determinantal expressions for various observable quantities. In the limiting case of large lattices, they can be reduced to the calculation of Toeplitz determinants and minors thereof. The probability for the vacancy to be strictly jammed and other diffusion characteristics are computed exactly.
Transmission probabilities and the Miller-Good transformation
Boonserm, Petarpa
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Transmission through a potential barrier, and the related issue of particle production from a parametric resonance, are topics of considerable general interest in quantum physics. The authors have developed a rather general bound on quantum transmission probabilities, and recently applied it to bounding the greybody factors of a Schwarzschild black hole. In the current article we take a different tack -- we use the Miller-Good transformation (which maps an initial Schrodinger equation to a final Schrodinger equation for a different potential) to significantly generalize the previous bound.
Universal Probability Distribution Function for Bursty Transport in Plasma Turbulence
Sandberg, I. [National Technical University of Athens, Association Euratom-Hellenic Republic, Athens 15773 (Greece); National Observatory of Athens, Institute for Space Applications and Remote Sensing, Penteli 15236 (Greece); Benkadda, S. [France-Japan Magnetic Fusion Laboratory, LIA 336/UMR 6633 CNRS-Universite de Provence, Marseille (France); Garbet, X. [I.R.F.M., CEA Cadarache, St Paul-Les-Durance 13108 (France); Ropokis, G. [National Observatory of Athens, Institute for Space Applications and Remote Sensing, Penteli 15236 (Greece); Hizanidis, K. [National Technical University of Athens, Association Euratom-Hellenic Republic, Athens 15773 (Greece); Castillo-Negrete, D. del [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-8071 (United States)
2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z
Bursty transport phenomena associated with convective motion present universal statistical characteristics among different physical systems. In this Letter, a stochastic univariate model and the associated probability distribution function for the description of bursty transport in plasma turbulence is presented. The proposed stochastic process recovers the universal distribution of density fluctuations observed in plasma edge of several magnetic confinement devices and the remarkable scaling between their skewness S and kurtosis K. Similar statistical characteristics of variabilities have been also observed in other physical systems that are characterized by convection such as the x-ray fluctuations emitted by the Cygnus X-1 accretion disc plasmas and the sea surface temperature fluctuations.
Sample size for logistic regression with small response probability
Whittemore, A S
1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Fisher information matrix for the estimated parameters in a multiple logistic regression can be approximated by the augmented Hessian matrix of the moment generating function for the covariates. The approximation is valid when the probability of response is small. With its use one can obtain a simple closed form estimate of the asymptotic covariance matrix of the maximum likelihood parameter estimates, and thus approximate sample sizes needed to test hypotheses about the parameters. The method is developed for selected distributions of a single covariate, and for a class of exponential-type distributions of several covariates. It is illustrated with an example concerning risk factors for coronary heart disease.
Adve, Raviraj
IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 11, NO. 7, JULY 2007 589 Outage Probability of Selection (SNR) regimes. We approximate the outage probability of selection cooperation for all SNR levels approximations for practical values of outage probability. Index Terms-- Outage probability, cooperative
Absorption probability of neutrino fields and Hawking radiation
Koray Düzta?
2015-05-14T23:59:59.000Z
We analyse the scattering of neutrino fields (massless spin 1/2 fields) from Kerr black holes. Adopting the notation of Teukolsky and Press, we derive the connection relation between the normalizations of ingoing and outgoing waves at the horizon and at infinity. It turns out that the connection relation for neutrino waves neither depends on the frequency $\\omega$ and angular momentum quantum numbers $l,m$ of the wave, nor on the black hole parameters $M,a$. As a result of that the absorption probability of neutrino fields $\\Gamma_{lm}(\\omega)$ which determines the average number of neutrinos emitted in the mode $(\\omega,l,m)$ in Hawking radiation, does not explicitly depend on the frequency $\\omega$ and angular momentum quantum numbers $l,m$. The form of $\\Gamma$ only in terms of Teukolsky's normalizations at infinity and at the horizon is derived. This is another aspect in which neutrino fields are essentially different than bosonic fields. The independence of the absorption probability of all parameters, also implies a violation of cosmic censorship since an extremal Kerr black hole can absorb modes carrying less energy than angular momentum. This is in accord with a recent work of the author evaluating the classical interaction of Kerr black holes with neutrino fields.
Measurement of the Fusion Probability, PCN, for Hot Fusion Reactions
R. Yanez; W. Loveland; J. S. Barrett; L. Yao; B. B. Back; S. Zhu; T. L. Khoo
2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z
Background: The cross section for forming a heavy evaporation residue in fusion reactions depends on the capture cross section, the fusion probability, PCN, i.e., the probability that the projectile-target system will evolve inside the fission saddle point to form a completely fused system rather than re-separating (quasifission), and the survival of the completely fused system against fission. PCN is the least known of these quantities. Purpose: To measure PCN for the reaction of 101.2 MeV 18O, 147.3 MeV 26Mg, 170.9 MeV 30Si and 195.3 MeV 36S with 197Au. Methods: We measured the fission fragment angular distributions for these reactions and used the formalism of Back to deduce the fusion-fission and quasifission cross sections. From these quantities we deduced PCN for each reaction. Results: The values of PCN for the reaction of 101.2 MeV 18O, 147.3 MeV 26Mg, 170.9 MeV 30Si and 195.3 MeV 36S with 197Au are 0.66, 1.00, 0.06, 0.13, respectively. Conclusions: The new measured values of PCN agree roughly with the semi-empirical system- atic dependence of PCN upon fissility for excited nuclei.
A short course on measure and probability theories.
PÔebay, Philippe Pierre
2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This brief Introduction to Measure Theory, and its applications to Probabilities, corresponds to the lecture notes of a seminar series given at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, during the spring of 2003. The goal of these seminars was to provide a minimal background to Computational Combustion scientists interested in using more advanced stochastic concepts and methods, e.g., in the context of uncertainty quantification. Indeed, most mechanical engineering curricula do not provide students with formal training in the field of probability, and even in less in measure theory. However, stochastic methods have been used more and more extensively in the past decade, and have provided more successful computational tools. Scientists at the Combustion Research Facility of Sandia National Laboratories have been using computational stochastic methods for years. Addressing more and more complex applications, and facing difficult problems that arose in applications showed the need for a better understanding of theoretical foundations. This is why the seminar series was launched, and these notes summarize most of the concepts which have been discussed. The goal of the seminars was to bring a group of mechanical engineers and computational combustion scientists to a full understanding of N. WIENER'S polynomial chaos theory. Therefore, these lectures notes are built along those lines, and are not intended to be exhaustive. In particular, the author welcomes any comments or criticisms.
Foust, Donald Franklin (Scotia, NY); Duggal, Anil Raj (Niskayuna, NY); Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY); Nealon, William Francis (Gloversville, NY); Bortscheller, Jacob Charles (Clifton Park, NY)
2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention relates to an area illumination light source comprising a plurality of individual OLED panels. The individual OLED panels are configured in a physically modular fashion. Each OLED panel comprising a plurality of OLED devices. Each OLED panel comprises a first electrode and a second electrode such that the power being supplied to each individual OLED panel may be varied independently. A power supply unit capable of delivering varying levels of voltage simultaneously to the first and second electrodes of each of the individual OLED panels is also provided. The area illumination light source also comprises a mount within which the OLED panels are arrayed.
Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels under the Outage
Yu, Wei
Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels under the Outage Criterion is formulated as the minimization of the outage probability subject to the transmit power constraint beamforming and power codebook sizes. We show that as the outage probability decreases, optimal joint design
Technical Design Update to Proposal for a Large Area
Llope, William J.
, A. Tai University of California - Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 Hongfang Chen, Xin Dong, Cheng.1.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . 56 6.1.2 New PMT bases for the start detector . . . . . . . . . . . 57 6 of the Run-5 Data 68 7.1 Analysis Details . . . . . . . . . . . 68 7.2 Basic Results
Prediction techniques for passive systems' probability of failure
Cavalieri d'Oro, Edoardo
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This work fits into the wider framework of the on-going debate centered on Passive System reliability. Its aim is to provide insights into the design of a dependable method to evaluate the reliability of Passive Systems. ...
PROTECTED AREAS AMENDMENTS AND.
as critical fish and wildlife habitat. The "protected areas" amendment is a major step in the Council's efforts to rebuild fish and wildlife populations that have been damaged by hydroelectric development. Low also imposed significant costs. The Northwest's fish and wildlife have suffered extensive losses
Subsurface contaminants focus area
NONE
1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The US Department of Enregy (DOE) Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is developing technologies to address environmental problems associated with hazardous and radioactive contaminants in soil and groundwater that exist throughout the DOE complex, including radionuclides, heavy metals; and dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs). More than 5,700 known DOE groundwater plumes have contaminated over 600 billion gallons of water and 200 million cubic meters of soil. Migration of these plumes threatens local and regional water sources, and in some cases has already adversely impacted off-site rsources. In addition, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is responsible for supplying technologies for the remediation of numerous landfills at DOE facilities. These landfills are estimated to contain over 3 million cubic meters of radioactive and hazardous buried Technology developed within this specialty area will provide efective methods to contain contaminant plumes and new or alternative technologies for development of in situ technologies to minimize waste disposal costs and potential worker exposure by treating plumes in place. While addressing contaminant plumes emanating from DOE landfills, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is also working to develop new or alternative technologies for the in situ stabilization, and nonintrusive characterization of these disposal sites.
Statistics of black hole radiance and the horizon area spectrum
Bekenstein, Jacob D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The statistical response of a Kerr black hole to incoming quantum radiation has heretofore been studied by the methods of maximum entropy or quantum field theory in curved spacetime. Neither approach pretends to take into account the quantum structure of the black hole itself. To address this last issue we calculate here the conditional probability distribution associated with the hole's response by assuming that the horizon area has a discrete quantum spectrum, and that its quantum evolution corresponds to jumps between adjacent area eigenvalues, possibly occurring in series, with consequent emission or absorption of quanta, possibly in the same mode. This "atomic" model of the black hole is implemented in two different ways and recovers the previously calculated radiation statistics in both cases. The corresponding conditional probably distribution is here expressed in closed form in terms of an hypergeometric function.
Seismic pulse propagation with constant Q and stable probability distributions
Francesco Mainardi; Massimo Tomirotti
2010-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
The one-dimensional propagation of seismic waves with constant Q is shown to be governed by an evolution equation of fractional order in time, which interpolates the heat equation and the wave equation. The fundamental solutions for the Cauchy and Signalling problems are expressed in terms of entire functions (of Wright type) in the similarity variable and their behaviours turn out to be intermediate between those for the limiting cases of a perfectly viscous fluid and a perfectly elastic solid. In view of the small dissipation exhibited by the seismic pulses, the nearly elastic limit is considered. Furthermore, the fundamental solutions for the Cauchy and Signalling problems are shown to be related to stable probability distributions with index of stability determined by the order of the fractional time derivative in the evolution equation.
Bayesian failure probability model sensitivity study. Final report
Not Available
1986-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
The Office of the Manager, National Communications System (OMNCS) has developed a system-level approach for estimating the effects of High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) on the connectivity of telecommunications networks. This approach incorporates a Bayesian statistical model which estimates the HEMP-induced failure probabilities of telecommunications switches and transmission facilities. The purpose of this analysis is to address the sensitivity of the Bayesian model. This is done by systematically varying two model input parameters--the number of observations, and the equipment failure rates. Throughout the study, a non-informative prior distribution is used. The sensitivity of the Bayesian model to the noninformative prior distribution is investigated from a theoretical mathematical perspective.
Probability-theoretical analog of the vector Lyapunov function method
Nakonechnyi, A.N.
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The main ideas of the vector Lyapunov function (VLF) method were advanced in 1962 by Bellman and Matrosov. In this method, a Lyapunov function and a comparison equation are constructed for each subsystem. Then the dependences between the subsystems and the effect of external noise are allowed for by constructing a vector Lyapunov function (as a collection of the scalar Lyapunov functions of the subsystems) and an aggregate comparison function for the entire complex system. A probability-theoretical analog of this method for convergence analysis of stochastic approximation processes has been developed. The abstract approach proposed elsewhere eliminates all restrictions on the system phase space, the system trajectories, the class of Lyapunov functions, etc. The analysis focuses only on the conditions that relate sequences of Lyapunov function values with the derivative and ensure a particular type (mode, character) of stability. In our article, we extend this approach to the VLF method for discrete stochastic dynamic systems.
Membership Probability via Control Field Colour-Magnitude Decontamination
Corradi, Wagner J B; Santos, Joao F C
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The open clusters fundamental physical parameters are important tools to understand the formation and evolution of the Galactic disk and as grounding tests for star formation and evolution models. However only a small fraction of the known open clusters in the Milky Way has precise determination of distance, reddening, age, metallicity, radial velocity and proper motion. One of the major problems in determining these parameters lies on the difficulty to separate cluster members from field stars and to assign membership. We propose a decontamination method by employing 2MASS data in the encircling region of the clusters NGC1981, NGC2516, NGC6494 and M11. We present a decontaminated CMD of these objects showing the membership probabilities and structural parameters as derived from King profile fitting.
How to Determine the Probability of the Higgs Boson Detection
Alexander Unzicker
2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
The Higgs boson is the most important, though yet undiscovered ingredient of the standard model of particle physics. Its detection is therefore one of the most important goals of high energy physics that can guide future research in theoretical physics. Enormous efforts have been undertaken to prove the existence of the Higgs boson, and the physics community is excitedly awaiting the restart of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. But how sure can we be that the Higgs exits at all? The German philosopher Immanuel Kant recommended betting at such controversial questions, and Stephen Hawking announced a $100 bet against the Higgs. But seriously, online prediction markets, which are a generalized form of betting, do provide the best possible probability estimates for future events. It is proposed that the scientific community uses this platforms for evaluation. See also an online description www.Bet-On-The-Higgs.com.
A probability theory for non-equilibrium gravitational systems
Peñarrubia, Jorge
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper uses dynamical invariants to describe the evolution of collisionless systems subject to time-dependent gravitational forces without resorting to maximum-entropy probabilities. We show that collisionless relaxation can be viewed as a special type of diffusion process in the integral-of-motion space. In time-varying potentials with a fixed spatial symmetry the diffusion coefficients are closely related to virial quantities, such as the specific moment of inertia, the virial factor and the mean kinetic and potential energy of microcanonical particle ensembles. The non-equilibrium distribution function (DF) is found by convolving the initial DF with the Green function that solves Einstein's equation for freely diffusing particles. Such a convolution also yields a natural solution to the Fokker-Planck equations in the energy space. Our mathematical formalism can be generalized to potentials with a time-varying symmetry, where diffusion extends over multiple dimensions of the integral-of-motion space. Th...
Matter-enhanced transition probabilities in quantum field theory
Ishikawa, Kenzo, E-mail: ishikawa@particle.sci.hokudai.ac.jp; Tobita, Yutaka
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
The relativistic quantum field theory is the unique theory that combines the relativity and quantum theory and is invariant under the Poincaré transformation. The ground state, vacuum, is singlet and one particle states are transformed as elements of irreducible representation of the group. The covariant one particles are momentum eigenstates expressed by plane waves and extended in space. Although the S-matrix defined with initial and final states of these states hold the symmetries and are applied to isolated states, out-going states for the amplitude of the event that they are detected at a finite-time interval T in experiments are expressed by microscopic states that they interact with, and are surrounded by matters in detectors and are not plane waves. These matter-induced effects modify the probabilities observed in realistic situations. The transition amplitudes and probabilities of the events are studied with the S-matrix, S[T], that satisfies the boundary condition at T. Using S[T], the finite-size corrections of the form of 1/T are found. The corrections to Fermi’s golden rule become larger than the original values in some situations for light particles. They break Lorentz invariance even in high energy region of short de Broglie wave lengths. -- Highlights: •S-matrix S[T] for the finite-time interval in relativistic field theory. •S[T] satisfies the boundary condition and gives correction of 1/T . •The large corrections for light particles breaks Lorentz invariance. •The corrections have implications to neutrino experiments.
STATISTICAL DAMAGE CLASSIFICATION USING SEQUENTIAL PROBABILITY RATIO TESTS.
SOHN, HOON; ALLEN, DAVID W; WORDEN, KEITH; FARRAR, CHARLES R
2002-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
The primary objective of damage detection is to ascertain with confidence if damage is present or not within a structure of interest. In this study, a damage classification problem is cast in the context of the statistical pattern recognition paradigm. First, a time prediction model, called an autoregressive and autoregressive with exogenous inputs (AR-ARX) model, is fit to a vibration signal measured during a normal operating condition of the structure. When a new time signal is recorded from an unknown state of the system, the prediction errors are computed for the new data set using the time prediction model. When the structure undergoes structural degradation, it is expected that the prediction errors will increase for the damage case. Based on this premise, a damage classifier is constructed using a sequential hypothesis testing technique called the sequential probability ratio test (SPRT). The SPRT is one form of parametric statistical inference tests, and the adoption of the SPRT to damage detection problems can improve the early identification of conditions that could lead to performance degradation and safety concerns. The sequential test assumes a probability distribution of the sample data sets, and a Gaussian distribution of the sample data sets is often used. This assumption, however, might impose potentially misleading behavior on the extreme values of the data, i.e. those points in the tails of the distribution. As the problem of damage detection specifically focuses attention on the tails, the assumption of normality is likely to lead the analysis astray. To overcome this difficulty, the performance of the SPRT is improved by integrating extreme values statistics, which specifically models behavior in the tails of the distribution of interest into the SPRT.
Design Editorial Systems and Design
Papalambros, Panos
to support system composition · Uncertainty quantification and management · Architecture, platform Application areas can include, but are not limited to, large- to small-scale systems in aerospace, automotive
DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g e October 20, 2014 Attn:Renewable Energy, and Water
Analysis of the probability distribution of photocount number of the onemode stochastic radiation
Yu. P. Virchenko; N. N. Vitokhina
2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z
The Mandel probability distribution of one-mode stochastic radiation photocounts is analized. Approximations of n-photon registration probabilities with guaranteed accuracy are obtained in the case when the registration time is sufficiently small.
Defining Classes of Influences for the Acquisition of Probability Constraints for Bayesian Networks
Utrecht, Universiteit
Linda C. van der Gaag and Eveline M. Helsper 1 Abstract. The task of eliciting all probabilities, eveline}@cs.uu.nl 2 PRELIMINARIES A Bayesian network is a model of a joint probability distribution
Program Areas | National Security | ORNL
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Organizations National Security Home | Science & Discovery | National Security | Program Areas SHARE Program Areas image Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has a robust...
Track 2 sites: Guidance for assessing low probability hazard sites at the INEL. Revision 6
Not Available
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document presents guidance for assessment of Track 2 low probability hazard sites (LPHS) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The Track 2 classification was developed specifically for the INEL to streamline the implementation of Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. Track 2 LPHSs are described as sites where insufficient data are available to make a decision concerning the risk level or to select or design a remedy. As such, these types of sites are not described in the National Contingency Plan or existing regulatory guidance. The goal of the Track 2 process is to evaluate LPHSs using existing qualitative and quantitative data to minimize the collection of new environmental data. To this end, this document presents a structured format consisting of a series of questions and tables. A qualitative risk assessment is used. The process is iterative, and addresses an LPHS from multiple perspectives (i.e., historical, empirical, process) in an effort to generate a reproducible and defensible method. This rigorous approach follows the data quality objective process and establishes a well organized, logical approach to consolidate and assess existing data, and set decision criteria. If necessary, the process allows for the design of a sampling and analysis strategy to obtain new environmental data of appropriate quality to support decisions for each LPHS. Finally, the guidance expedites consensus between regulatory parties by emphasizing a team approach to Track 2 investigations.
Transfer Area Mechanical Handling Calculation
B. Dianda
2004-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
This calculation is intended to support the License Application (LA) submittal of December 2004, in accordance with the directive given by DOE correspondence received on the 27th of January 2004 entitled: ''Authorization for Bechtel SAX Company L.L. C. to Include a Bare Fuel Handling Facility and Increased Aging Capacity in the License Application, Contract Number DE-AC28-01R W12101'' (Arthur, W.J., I11 2004). This correspondence was appended by further Correspondence received on the 19th of February 2004 entitled: ''Technical Direction to Bechtel SAIC Company L.L. C. for Surface Facility Improvements, Contract Number DE-AC28-OIRW12101; TDL No. 04-024'' (BSC 2004a). These documents give the authorization for a Fuel Handling Facility to be included in the baseline. The purpose of this calculation is to establish preliminary bounding equipment envelopes and weights for the Fuel Handling Facility (FHF) transfer areas equipment. This calculation provides preliminary information only to support development of facility layouts and preliminary load calculations. The limitations of this preliminary calculation lie within the assumptions of section 5 , as this calculation is part of an evolutionary design process. It is intended that this calculation is superseded as the design advances to reflect information necessary to support License Application. The design choices outlined within this calculation represent a demonstration of feasibility and may or may not be included in the completed design. This calculation provides preliminary weight, dimensional envelope, and equipment position in building for the purposes of defining interface variables. This calculation identifies and sizes major equipment and assemblies that dictate overall equipment dimensions and facility interfaces. Sizing of components is based on the selection of commercially available products, where applicable. This is not a specific recommendation for the future use of these components or their related manufacturer. A component produced by one manufacturer certainly varies dimensionally from a similar product produced by a different manufacturer. The internal envelope dimensions are dependent on the selection of the individual components. The external envelope dimensions, as well as, key interface dimensions are established within this calculation and are to be treated as bounding dimensions.
Sahgal, Arjun, E-mail: arjun.sahgal@rmp.uhn.on.ca [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada); Weinberg, Vivian [University of California San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center Biostatistics Core, San Francisco, California (United States)] [University of California San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center Biostatistics Core, San Francisco, California (United States); Ma, Lijun [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Chang, Eric [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Southern California and University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Southern California and University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Houston, Texas (United States); Chao, Sam [Department of Radiation Oncology and Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology and Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States); Muacevic, Alexander [European Cyberknife Center Munich in affiliation with University Hospitals of Munich, Munich (Germany)] [European Cyberknife Center Munich in affiliation with University Hospitals of Munich, Munich (Germany); Gorgulho, Alessandra [Department of Neurosurgery, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States)] [Department of Neurosurgery, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Soltys, Scott [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, California (United States); Gerszten, Peter C. [Departments of Neurological Surgery and Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Departments of Neurological Surgery and Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (United States); Ryu, Sam [Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan (United States); Angelov, Lilyana [Department of Radiation Oncology and Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology and Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States); Gibbs, Iris [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, California (United States); Wong, C. Shun [Department of Radiation Oncology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada); Larson, David A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)
2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Dose-volume histogram (DVH) results for 9 cases of post spine stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) radiation myelopathy (RM) are reported and compared with a cohort of 66 spine SBRT patients without RM. Methods and Materials: DVH data were centrally analyzed according to the thecal sac point maximum (Pmax) volume, 0.1- to 1-cc volumes in increments of 0.1 cc, and to the 2 cc volume. 2-Gy biologically equivalent doses (nBED) were calculated using an {alpha}/{beta} = 2 Gy (units = Gy{sub 2/2}). For the 2 cohorts, the nBED means and distributions were compared using the t test and Mann-Whitney test, respectively. Significance (P<.05) was defined as concordance of both tests at each specified volume. A logistic regression model was developed to estimate the probability of RM using the dose distribution for a given volume. Results: Significant differences in both the means and distributions at the Pmax and up to the 0.8-cc volume were observed. Concordant significance was greatest for the Pmax volume. At the Pmax volume the fit of the logistic regression model, summarized by the area under the curve, was 0.87. A risk of RM of 5% or less was observed when limiting the thecal sac Pmax volume doses to 12.4 Gy in a single fraction, 17.0 Gy in 2 fractions, 20.3 Gy in 3 fractions, 23.0 Gy in 4 fractions, and 25.3 Gy in 5 fractions. Conclusion: We report the first logistic regression model yielding estimates for the probability of human RM specific to SBRT.
January 2010 Building Assembly Areas Alumni House By the gazebo
Rusu, Adrian
, the following assembly areas have been designated for employees to assemble after evacuation from the buildingJanuary 2010 Building Assembly Areas Alumni House By the gazebo Bole Hall Parking Lot P Bole Hall In front of building Linden Hall Side John B. Sangree Greenhouse In front of building Hering Heating
von Neumann algebras and Free Probability RMS meeting, ISI Bengaluru, May 13 2009
Sunder, V S
von Neumann algebras and Free Probability RMS meeting, ISI Bengaluru, May 13 2009 V.S. Sunder von Neumann algebras and Free Probability RMS meeting, ISI Bengaluru, M #12;Groups and algebras Groups: V.S. Sunder IMSc, Chennai von Neumann algebras and Free Probability RMS meeting, ISI Bengaluru, M
Loyka, Sergey
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 58, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2012 6825 Outage Probability Abstract--Outage probability and capacity of a class of block- fading MIMO channels are considered under distributions. Compound outage probability defined as min (over the transmitted signal distribution) -max (over
Outage Probability of the Gaussian Free Space Optical Channel with Pulse-Position Modulation
Guillén i Fàbregas, Albert
Outage Probability of the Gaussian Free Space Optical Channel with Pulse-Position Modulation Nick adopt a quasi-static block fading model and study the outage probability of the channel under gains are possible by using power allocation techniques to minimise the outage probability. I
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 57, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 319 Outage Probability of
Bhashyam, Srikrishna
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 57, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 319 Outage Probability on the outage probability of multiple-input single-output (MISO) fading channels. Channel state information. With perfect CSIR, under a short-term power con- straint, we determine: (a) the outage probability
AN -NASH EQUILIBRIUM WITH HIGH PROBABILITY FOR STRATEGIC CUSTOMERS IN HEAVY TRAFFIC
Atar, Rami
AN -NASH EQUILIBRIUM WITH HIGH PROBABILITY FOR STRATEGIC CUSTOMERS IN HEAVY TRAFFIC RAMI ATAR of an -Nash equilibrium with probability approaching 1. On way to proving this result, new diffusion limit customers; -Nash equilibrium with high probability 1. INTRODUCTION Equilibrium behavior of strategic
Vital area determination techniques at nuclear power plants
Pan, P.Y.
1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes the vital area determination programs being conducted at the Los Alamos National Laboratory to support the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in evaluating nuclear power plant licensees' compliance with safeguards/security requirements. These projects, the Vital Area Analysis (VAA) Program and the Vital Equipment Determination Techniques Research Study (VEDTRS), are designed to identify a plant's vital areas and to develop protection strategies against adversary threats in nuclear power plants.
Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program (Released in the STEO June 1999)
Reports and Publications (EIA)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act, as amended in 1990 (the Act), required states to identify all areas that do not meet the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for ozone, and directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to designate these areas as ozone nonattainment areas. Section 181 of the Act required EPA to classify each area as a marginal, moderate, serious, severe or extreme ozone nonattainment area. EPA classified all areas that were designated as in nonattainment for ozone at the time of the enactment of the 1990 Amendments, except for certain "nonclassifiable" areas (56 FR 56694, November 6, 1991).
Calculating failure probabilities of passive systems during transients
Mackay, Francisco J
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A time-dependent reliability evaluation of a two-loop passive Decay Heat Removal (DHR) system was performed as part of the iterative design process for a helium-cooled fast reactor. The system was modeled using RELAP5-3D. ...
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of WntSupportB 18B isTandeep Chadha Tandeep Chadha1Cover SheetArea Cleanup
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of WntSupportB 18B isTandeep Chadha Tandeep Chadha1Cover SheetArea Cleanup
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article:Technologies | BlandineDecember 2012 Tue,2015 NewsESHQA-2009-00015 February7700 Area
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet)sets safety record |PersonalPhotos Browse By - AnyThrust Areas Physics Thrust
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default Sign In About |ASSEMBLY0987P TransportationStatus of theInner Area Principles
Bell, R.E.; Hartley, D.S.III; Packard, S.L.
1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report documents refined requirements for tools to aid the process of force design in Operations Other Than War (OOTWs). It recommends actions for the creation of one tool and work on other tools relating to mission planning. It also identifies the governmental agencies and commands with interests in each tool, from whom should come the user advisory groups overseeing the respective tool development activities. The understanding of OOTWs and their analytical support requirements has matured to the point where action can be taken in three areas: force design, collaborative analysis, and impact analysis. While the nature of the action and the length of time before complete results can be expected depends on the area, in each case the action should begin immediately. Force design for OOTWs is not a technically difficult process. Like force design for combat operations, it is a process of matching the capabilities of forces against the specified and implied tasks of the operation, considering the constraints of logistics, transport and force availabilities. However, there is a critical difference that restricts the usefulness of combat force design tools for OOTWs: the combat tools are built to infer non-combat capability requirements from combat capability requirements and cannot reverse the direction of the inference, as is required for OOTWs. Recently, OOTWs have played a larger role in force assessment, system effectiveness and tradeoff analysis, and concept and doctrine development and analysis. In the first Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), each of the Services created its own OOTW force design tool. Unfortunately, the tools address different parts of the problem and do not coordinate the use of competing capabilities. These tools satisfied the immediate requirements of the QDR, but do not provide a long-term cost-effective solution.
Forecasting the probability of forest fires in Northeast Texas
Wadleigh, Stuart Allen
1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
vi LIST OF FIGURES. 1. INTRODUCTION. vii a. Obgectives b. Present status. 2. DATA UTILIZED. 17 a. General. b. Area selected for study. 3. PROCEDURE. 17 20 24 a. Monthly study. b. Daily study 24 24 4. RESULTS. 29 a. Results..., moisture content, and firebrands 2. Meteorological predictors and simple correlation coefficients 15 3. Correlation coefficients between the number of monthly fires and the average monthly PDI values. 29 4. Monthly predictive equations using PDI...
Area 5: Computer Hardware Prof. Natalie Enright Jerger
Area 5: Computer Hardware Prof. Natalie Enright Jerger #12;Courses · Kernel Course ECE342: Computer Hardware · Technical Electives ECE532: Digital Systems Design ECE552: Computer Architecture ECE451: VLSI Systems and Design #12;What is computer hardware? · Complex components working together
Determination of leakage areas in nuclear piping
Keim, E. [Siemens/KWU, Erlangen (Germany)
1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
For the design and operation of nuclear power plants the Leak-Before-Break (LBB) behavior of a piping component has to be shown. This means that the length of a crack resulting in a leak is smaller than the critical crack length and that the leak is safely detectable by a suitable monitoring system. The LBB-concept of Siemens/KWU is based on computer codes for the evaluation of critical crack lengths, crack openings, leakage areas and leakage rates, developed by Siemens/KWU. In the experience with the leak rate program is described while this paper deals with the computation of crack openings and leakage areas of longitudinal and circumferential cracks by means of fracture mechanics. The leakage areas are determined by the integration of the crack openings along the crack front, considering plasticity and geometrical effects. They are evaluated with respect to minimum values for the design of leak detection systems, and maximum values for controlling jet and reaction forces. By means of fracture mechanics LBB for subcritical cracks has to be shown and the calculation of leakage areas is the basis for quantitatively determining the discharge rate of leaking subcritical through-wall cracks. The analytical approach and its validation will be presented for two examples of complex structures. The first one is a pipe branch containing a circumferential crack and the second one is a pipe bend with a longitudinal crack.
Parameterizing deep convection using the assumed probability density function method
Storer, R. L. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Griffin, B. M. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Höft, J. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Weber, J. K. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Raut, E. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Larson, V. E. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Wang, M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)] (ORCID:000000029179228X); Rasch, P. J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Due to their coarse horizontal resolution, present-day climate models must parameterize deep convection. This paper presents single-column simulations of deep convection using a probability density function (PDF) parameterization. The PDF parameterization predicts the PDF of subgrid variability of turbulence, clouds, and hydrometeors. That variability is interfaced to a prognostic microphysics scheme using a Monte Carlo sampling method.The PDF parameterization is used to simulate tropical deep convection, the transition from shallow to deep convection over land, and midlatitude deep convection. These parameterized single-column simulations are compared with 3-D reference simulations. The agreement is satisfactory except when the convective forcing is weak. The same PDF parameterization is also used to simulate shallow cumulus and stratocumulus layers. The PDF method is sufficiently general to adequately simulate these five deep, shallow, and stratiform cloud cases with a single equation set. This raises hopes that it may be possible in the future, with further refinements at coarse time step and grid spacing, to parameterize all cloud types in a large-scale model in a unified way.
Financial derivative pricing under probability operator via Esscher transfomation
Achi, Godswill U., E-mail: achigods@yahoo.com [Department of Mathematics, Abia State Polytechnic Aba, P.M.B. 7166, Aba, Abia State (Nigeria)
2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
The problem of pricing contingent claims has been extensively studied for non-Gaussian models, and in particular, Black- Scholes formula has been derived for the NIG asset pricing model. This approach was first developed in insurance pricing{sup 9} where the original distortion function was defined in terms of the normal distribution. This approach was later studied6 where they compared the standard Black-Scholes contingent pricing and distortion based contingent pricing. So, in this paper, we aim at using distortion operators by Cauchy distribution under a simple transformation to price contingent claim. We also show that we can recuperate the Black-Sholes formula using the distribution. Similarly, in a financial market in which the asset price represented by a stochastic differential equation with respect to Brownian Motion, the price mechanism based on characteristic Esscher measure can generate approximate arbitrage free financial derivative prices. The price representation derived involves probability Esscher measure and Esscher Martingale measure and under a new complex valued measure ? (u) evaluated at the characteristic exponents ?{sub x}(u) of X{sub t} we recuperate the Black-Scholes formula for financial derivative prices.
Utilizing the sequential probability ratio test for building joint monitoring
Allen, D. W. (David W.); Sohn, H. (Hoon); Worden, K.; Farrar, C. R. (Charles R.)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this application of the statistical pattern recognition paradigm, a prediction model of a chosen feature is developed from the time domain response of a baseline structure. After the model is developed, subsequent feature sets are tested against the model to determine if a change in the feature has occurred. In the proposed statistical inference for damage identification there are two basic hypotheses; (1) the model can predict the feature, in which case the structure is undamaged or (2) the model can not accurately predict the feature, suggesting that the structure is damaged. The Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT) develops a statistical method that quickly arrives at a decision between these two hypotheses and is applicable to continuous monitoring. In the original formulation of the SPRT algorithm, the feature is assumed to be Gaussian and thresholds are set accordingly. It is likely, however, that the feature used for damage identification is sensitive to the tails of the distribution and that the tails may not necessarily be governed by Gaussian characteristics. By modeling the tails using the technique of Extreme Value Statistics, the hypothesis decision thresholds for the SPRT algorithm may be set avoiding the normality assumption. The SPRT algorithm is utilized to decide if the test structure is undamaged or damaged and which joint is exhibiting the change.
Parameterizing deep convection using the assumed probability density function method
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Storer, R. L.; Griffin, B. M.; Höft, J.; Weber, J. K.; Raut, E.; Larson, V. E.; Wang, M.; Rasch, P. J.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Due to their coarse horizontal resolution, present-day climate models must parameterize deep convection. This paper presents single-column simulations of deep convection using a probability density function (PDF) parameterization. The PDF parameterization predicts the PDF of subgrid variability of turbulence, clouds, and hydrometeors. That variability is interfaced to a prognostic microphysics scheme using a Monte Carlo sampling method.The PDF parameterization is used to simulate tropical deep convection, the transition from shallow to deep convection over land, and midlatitude deep convection. These parameterized single-column simulations are compared with 3-D reference simulations. The agreement is satisfactory except when the convective forcing is weak.more »The same PDF parameterization is also used to simulate shallow cumulus and stratocumulus layers. The PDF method is sufficiently general to adequately simulate these five deep, shallow, and stratiform cloud cases with a single equation set. This raises hopes that it may be possible in the future, with further refinements at coarse time step and grid spacing, to parameterize all cloud types in a large-scale model in a unified way.« less
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
Collingwood CFB Borden 0 10 20 Kilometers Area = 521,900 Hectares #12;POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Population
Carver, Jeffrey C.
Systems Analysis ECE 476 Control Systems Lab ECE 479 Digital Control Systems AREA 3: MATERIALS AND DEVICES Digital System Design ECE 481 Digital System Design Lab ECE 482 Computer Vision & Digital Image Processing ECE 484 Computer Architecture ECE 485 Programmable Logic Controllers ECE 486 Embedded Systems ECE 487
Sharirli, M.; Butner, J.M.; Rand, J.L.; Macek, R.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); McKinney, S.J. [Technadyne Engineering Consultants, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Roush, M.L. [Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States). Center for Reliability Engineering
1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents results from a Los Alamos National Laboratory Engineering and Safety Analysis Group assessment of the worse-case design-basis accident associated with the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF)/Weapons Neutron Research (WNR) Facility. The primary goal of the analysis was to quantify the accident sequences that result in personnel radiation exposure in the WNR Experimental Hall following the worst-case design-basis accident, a complete spill of the LAMPF accelerator 1L beam. This study also provides information regarding the roles of hardware systems and operators in these sequences, and insights regarding the areas where improvements can increase facility-operation safety. Results also include confidence ranges to incorporate combined effects of uncertainties in probability estimates and importance measures to determine how variations in individual events affect the frequencies in accident sequences.
Sharirli, M.; Butner, J.M.; Rand, J.L.; Macek, R.J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); McKinney, S.J. (Technadyne Engineering Consultants, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Roush, M.L. (Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States). Center for Reliability Engineering)
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents results from a Los Alamos National Laboratory Engineering and Safety Analysis Group assessment of the worse-case design-basis accident associated with the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF)/Weapons Neutron Research (WNR) Facility. The primary goal of the analysis was to quantify the accident sequences that result in personnel radiation exposure in the WNR Experimental Hall following the worst-case design-basis accident, a complete spill of the LAMPF accelerator 1L beam. This study also provides information regarding the roles of hardware systems and operators in these sequences, and insights regarding the areas where improvements can increase facility-operation safety. Results also include confidence ranges to incorporate combined effects of uncertainties in probability estimates and importance measures to determine how variations in individual events affect the frequencies in accident sequences.
Enserink, Scott Warren
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Outage Probability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii OutageResults Using the LLN Outage Probability
None
2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
Another valuable homeland security asset at the NNSS is the T-1 training area, which covers more than 10 acres and includes more than 20 separate training venues. Local, County, and State first responders who train here encounter a variety of realistic disaster scenarios. A crashed 737 airliner lying in pieces across the desert, a helicopter and other small aircraft, trucks, buses, and derailed train cars are all part of the mock incident scene. After formal classroom education, first responders are trained to take immediate decisive action to prevent or mitigate the use of radiological or nuclear devices by terrorists. The Counterterrorism Operations Support Center for Radiological Nuclear Training conducts the courses and exercises providing first responders from across the nation with the tools they need to protect their communities. All of these elements provide a training experience that cannot be duplicated anywhere else in the country.
None
2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
Another valuable homeland security asset at the NNSS is the T-1 training area, which covers more than 10 acres and includes more than 20 separate training venues. Local, County, and State first responders who train here encounter a variety of realistic disaster scenarios. A crashed 737 airliner lying in pieces across the desert, a helicopter and other small aircraft, trucks, buses, and derailed train cars are all part of the mock incident scene. After formal classroom education, first responders are trained to take immediate decisive action to prevent or mitigate the use of radiological or nuclear devices by terrorists. The Counterterrorism Operations Support Center for Radiological Nuclear Training conducts the courses and exercises providing first responders from across the nation with the tools they need to protect their communities. All of these elements provide a training experience that cannot be duplicated anywhere else in the country.
Functional Area Assessments Project Charter Workstream Name Functional Area Assessments
Sheridan, Jennifer
with Huron on detailed project plan. Subject Experts Subject Expert Role Functional leadership Administrative1 of 2 Functional Area Assessments Project Charter Workstream Name Functional Area Assessments - Internal Budgeting - Human Resources These diagnostics will be performed using interviews, surveys, data
Surface Water Management Areas (Virginia)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This legislation establishes surface water management areas, geographically defined surface water areas in which the State Water Control Board has deemed the levels or supply of surface water to be...
Boundary Waters Canoe Area (Minnesota)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Boundary Waters Canoe Area occupies a large section of northern Minnesota, and is preserved as a primitive wilderness area. Construction and new development is prohibited. A map of the...
Design tool: a software for capturing design intent
Velamakanni, Ravindra
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the design process that can lead to the development of new tools in this area. A software tool is developed for this purpose. It is basically created as a collection of Visual Basic forms with Excel worksheets and Word documents embedded in them. Each form...
Monroe Urbanized Area MTP 2035
Monroe Urbanized Area Metropolitan Planning Organization
2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
Monroe Urbanized Area MTP 2035 The 2035 Metropolitan Transportation Plan for the Monroe Urbanized Area Developed for The Monroe Urbanized Area Metropolitan Planning Organization and The Louisiana Department of Transportation... of Transportation and Development The document was reviewed and approved by: The Monroe Urbanized Area MPO Policy Committee on Adopt Date Here This document was developed under contract with the: STATE PROJECT NO. 736-37-0047 FEDERAL AID PROJECT NO. SPR...
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
.7 4.1 5.8 27.9 TRIPS MADE TO TTS AREA 4,070,800 22.8% 51% 22% 6% 21% 61% 13% 12% 2% 8% 4% 7.1 3.3 7datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 5 TRANSPORTATION TOMORROW SURVEY AREA City of Orillia Durham Region City
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
RidgeRd. SimcoeSt. Hwy.7&12 RegRd.57 0 4 8 Kilometers Area = 51,980 Hectares #12;POPULATION CHARACTERISTICSdatamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY Drivers Vehicles Trips/day 2011 2006 1996 1986 datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT
Probabilistic Based Design Methodology for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stacks
Sun, Xin; Tartakovsky, Alexandre M.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.
2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
A probabilistic-based component design methodology is developed for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stack. This method takes into account the randomness in SOFC material properties as well as the stresses arising from different manufacturing and operating conditions. The purpose of this work is to provide the SOFC designers a design methodology such that desired level of component reliability can be achieved with deterministic design functions using an equivalent safety factor to account for the uncertainties in material properties and structural stresses. Multi-physics-based finite element analyses were used to predict the electrochemical and thermal mechanical responses of SOFC stacks with different geometric variations and under different operating conditions. Failures in the anode and the seal were used as design examples. The predicted maximum principal stresses in the anode and the seal were compared with the experimentally determined strength characteristics for the anode and the seal respectively. Component failure probabilities for the current design were then calculated under different operating conditions. It was found that anode failure probability is very low under all conditions examined. The seal failure probability is relatively high, particularly for high fuel utilization rate under low average cell temperature. Next, the procedures for calculating the equivalent safety factors for anode and seal were demonstrated such that uniform failure probability of the anode and seal can be achieved. Analysis procedures were also included for non-normal distributed random variables such that more realistic distributions of strength and stress can be analyzed using the proposed design methodology.
Design Editorial Design Analysis and Synthesis
Papalambros, Panos
Journal of Mechanical Design Editorial Design Analysis and Synthesis What is design? Why is design to call it simply design analysis. If a design exists, I can analyze its behavior. Based on the results of the analysis, I may have to modify the design to make it fit better to my purpose. The implication of analysis
Johansson, Karl Henrik
Delay Distribution Analysis of Wireless Personal Area Networks Pangun Park1, Piergiuseppe Di Marco2, Carlo Fischione2 and Karl Henrik Johansson2 Abstract-- Characterizing the network delay distribution of the probability distribution of the network delay. The probability distribution of the delay is a function
Comment on “Measurement of two- and three-nucleon short-range correlation probabilities in nuclei”
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Higinbotham, Douglas W.; Hen, Or
2015-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
Comment on 'Measurement of 2- and 3-nucleon short range correlation probabilities in nuclei' shows how the reported three-nucleon plateau was likely due to resolution effects.
Comment on "Measurement of 2- and 3-Nucleon Short-Range Correlation Probabilities in Nuclei"
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Higinbotham, Douglas W. [Jefferson Lab, Newport News; Hen, Or [Tel Aviv University
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Comment on 'Measurement of 2- and 3-nucleon short range correlation probabilities in nuclei' shows how the reported three-nucleon plateau was likely due to resolution effects.
A flexible design framework for autonomous mowing
Kraft, Justin (Justin A.)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This work outlines the creation of a flexible design framework for autonomous mowing to meet changing customer needs and functionality across a spectrum of applications from residential areas to sport complexes. The thesis ...
Robust Optimization of Nanometer SRAM Designs
Dayal, Akshit
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
-linear, robust optimization framework to design an SRAM cell, for a 45 nm CMOS technology, having optimal performance, according to bounds specified for the circuit performance parameters, with the objective of minimizing on-chip area. This statistically aware...
Research Frontiers and Capability Gaps for Controlling and Designing...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
verify new theoretical codes designed to tackle the challenges of highly correlated systems. The focus on interfaces and defects is especially crucial in the area of emergent...
Wang, Xiaoming
The general area of geophysical fluid mechanics is truly interdisciplinary. Ideas from statistical and oceans. In this book, the basic ideas of geophysics, probability theory, information theory, nonlinear Spot. The various competing approaches of equilibrium statistical mechanics for geophysical flows
6.831 User Interface Design and Implementation, Fall 2004
Miller, Robert
6.831 introduces the principles of user interface development, focusing on three key areas: Design: How to design good user interfaces, starting with human capabilities (including the human information processor model, ...
Algorithms for design for quality of integrated circuits
Achab, Abdenour
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The main thesis objective is to develop new, efficient algorithms for designing high quality Integrated Circuits (ICs). The following three major areas of Design for Quality are studied: 1. Quality Measures and their applications. 2.Optimum...
Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area...
Geothermal A rea Northeast Honshu Arc Miocene Pre Tertiary Dacitic welded tuff Marine Sediments Tuffs Shales Chert Slate Granodiorite MW K Java Darajat Geothermal Area Java Darajat...
Bruce A. Bassett; David Parkinson; Robert C. Nichol
2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z
We highlight the flexibility of the IPSO experiment-design framework by contrasting its application to CMB, weak lensing and redshift surveys. We illustrate the latter with a 10 parameter MCMC D-optimisation of a dark energy redshift survey. When averaged over a standard dark energy model space the resulting optimal survey typically has only one or two redshift bins, located at zoptimisation we show how the statistical power of such surveys is significantly enhanced. Experiment design is aided by the richness of the figure of merit landscape which means one can impose secondary optimisation criteria at little cost. For example, one may choose either to maximally test a single model (such as \\Lambda CDM) or to get the most general model-independent constraints possible (e.g. on a whole space of dark energy models). Such freedom points to a future where cosmological experiments become increasingly specialised and optimisation increasingly important.
STEVE SEDLOCK
2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
The design of power amplifiers in any semi-conductor process is not a trivia exercise and it is often encountered that the simulated solution is qualitatively different than the results obtained. Phenomena such as oscillation occurring either in-band or out of band and sometimes at subharmonic intervals, continuous spectrum noticed in some frequency bands, often referred to as chaos, and jumps and hysteresis effects can all be encountered and render a design useless. All of these problems might have been identified through a more rigorous approach to stability analysis. Designing for stability is probably the one area of amplifier design that receives the least amount of attention but incurs the most catastrophic of effects if it is not performed properly. Other parameters such as gain, power output, frequency response and even matching may suitable mitigation paths. But the lack of stability in an amplifier has no mitigating path. In addition to of loss of the design completely there are the increased production cycle costs, costs involved with investigating and resolving the problem and the costs involved with schedule slips or delays resulting from it. The Linville or Rollett stability criteria that many microwave engineers follow and rely exclusively on is not sufficient by itself to ensure a stable and robust design. It will be shown that the universal belief that unconditional stability is obtained through an analysis of the scattering matrix S to determine if 1 and |{Delta}{sub S}| < 1 is only part of the procedure and other tools must be used to validate the criteria. The research shown contributes to the state of the art by developing a more thorough stability design technique for designing amplifiers of any class, whether that be current mode or switch mode, than is currently undertaken with the goal of obtaining first pass design success.
Embedded Design Guide Embedded Design Guide
Berns, Hans-Gerd
Embedded Design Guide #12;Embedded Design Guide Table of Contents Embedded Systems Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Elements of Embedded Designs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Key Test Challenges of Embedded Designs . . . . . . . . . .6 Microprocessors and Microcontrollers . . . . . . . . 7 - 11 Debugging
Knowledge based expert systems in engineering: Planning and design
Sriram, D.; Adey, R.A.
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
AI technology and in particular knowledge based expert systems is now making a major impact in design with many systems being developed an applied in engineering. This book contains details on how these systems are developed and how they are being applied. Papers cover application of AI in project management, conceptual design, automated design systems, and process planning in many areas of engineering. Example systems discussed in the 31 papers include structural design, digital circuit design, road design plus many other applications.
APPENDIX 2 --ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT This document assesses the probable impacts on the human
APPENDIX 2 -- ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT 1. SUMMARY This document assesses the probable impacts here by reference. 3. ASSESSMENT OF THE PROBABLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS 3.1. Impacts of the Proposed to define overfishing will have no significant impacts on the human environment, on marine mammals
Need sex? It's probably something about stress Public release date: 8-Jun-2004
Nedelcu, Aurora M.
Need sex? It's probably something about stress Public release date: 8-Jun-2004 [ Print This Article-458-7463 anedelcu@unb.ca Need sex? It's probably something about stress Volvox carteri, a colonial freshwater alga levels of oxidants within their cells activated the algae's sex- inducer gene, the researchers report
Probability-density function for energy perturbations of isolated optical pulses
Lakoba, Taras I.
Probability-density function for energy perturbations of isolated optical pulses C. J. Mc to determine the probability-density function (PDF) for noise-induced energy perturbations of isolated (solitary) optical pulses in fiber communication systems. The analytical formula is consistent
Logistic Regression and Bayesian Model Selection in Estimation of Probability of Success
Shemyakin, Arkady
1 1 Logistic Regression and Bayesian Model Selection in Estimation of Probability of Success Arkady ABSTRACT Logistic regression and linear discriminant analysis are used to estimate probability of success X is analyzed as an explanatory variable. A comparison is made between logistic regression technique
Florentin Smarandache
2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
In this book one makes an introduction to non-standard analysis in the first part, needed to the next four chapters in order to study the neutrosophics: 1. Neutrosophy - a new branch of philosophy. 2. Neutrosophic Logic - a unifying field in logics. 3. Neutrosophic Set - a unifying field in sets. 4. Neutrosophic Probability - a generalization of classical and imprecise probabilities - and Neutrosophic Statistics.
Florentin Smarandache; Jean Dezert; S. Bhattacharya; Andrzej Buller; M. Khoshnevisan; S. Singh; Feng Liu; Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina; Chris Lucas; C. Gershenson
2003-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
Papers on neutrosophy (a generalization of dialectics), on neutrosophic logic, set, probability and statistics (generalizations of fuzzy logic, fuzzy set, and imprecise probability respectively), by Florentin Smarandache, Jean Dezert, S. Bhattacharya, Andrzej Buller, M. Khoshnevisan, S. Singh, Feng Liu, Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina, Chris Lucas, and C. Gershenson.
SURVIVAL PROBABILITY OF THE BRANCHING RANDOM WALK KILLED BELOW A LINEAR BOUNDARY
Boyer, Edmond
SURVIVAL PROBABILITY OF THE BRANCHING RANDOM WALK KILLED BELOW A LINEAR BOUNDARY JEAN B´ERARD, JEAN on the asymptotic behavior of the survival probability of the branching random walk killed below a linear boundary- Derrida theory of stochastic fronts are discussed. 1. Introduction Consider a real-valued branching random
On the probability of hitting a deer with a car Robert Estalella
Estalella, Robert
On the probability of hitting a deer with a car Robert Estalella 2003 August 1 Introduction Hitting an animal while driving a car, or even being close to hitting it, is terribly upsetting. This is what that jumped across the road just in front of our car. I started thinking about the probability of hitting
Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Probability Theory, But Were Afraid to Ask \\Lambda
Pratt, Vaughan
of the subject to provide the reader a working knowledge of probabilities. This paper is an attempt to provide, in the case of acquiring a ``working knowledge'' of probability theory, there is much more to be concerned of the subject to provide the reader a ``working knowledge.'' This paper is an attempt to provide
Statistical Image Modeling with the Magnitude Probability Density Function of Complex Wavelet
Oraintara, Soontorn
Statistical Image Modeling with the Magnitude Probability Density Function of Complex Wavelet the probability density function (pdf) of the magnitude of complex wavelet coefficients with the assump- tion Statistical image modeling in the wavelet domain is of inter- est in recent years due to the ability
Analysis and Computation of the Outage Probability of Discrete-Input Block-Fading Channels
Guillén i Fàbregas, Albert
Analysis and Computation of the Outage Probability of Discrete-Input Block-Fading Channels Khoa D IS ELIGIBLE FOR THE STUDENT PAPER AWARD. In this paper, we propose a tight lower bound to the outage is not supported by a particular channel realization [1], [2]. This probability is named the information outage
The Impact of Fading on the Outage Probability in Cognitive Radio Networks
Loyka, Sergey
1 The Impact of Fading on the Outage Probability in Cognitive Radio Networks Yaobin Wen, Sergey Loyka and Abbas Yongacoglu Abstract--This paper analyzes the outage probability in cog- nitive radio possible scenarios are classified into three cases based on typical outage events. When the average number
Outage Probability for Free-Space Optical Systems Over Slow Fading Channels With Pointing Errors
Hranilovic, Steve
Outage Probability for Free-Space Optical Systems Over Slow Fading Channels With Pointing Errors, Canada. Email: farid@grads.ece.mcmaster.ca, hranilovic@mcmaster.ca Abstract-- We investigate the outage errors. An expression for the outage probability is derived and we show that optimizing the transmit- ted
On the Impact of Mobility on Outage Probability in Cellular Networks
Coupechoux, Marceau
On the Impact of Mobility on Outage Probability in Cellular Networks Jean-Marc Kelif France Telecom an analytical study of the mobility in cellular networks and its impact on quality of service and outage power. It allows us to analyze users mobility and to derive expressions of the outage probability. We
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 62, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2014 699 Outage Probability in
Durrani, Salman
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 62, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2014 699 Outage Probability, IEEE, and Xiangyun Zhou, Member, IEEE Abstract--This paper analyzes the outage performance in finite the outage probability at any arbitrary location of an arbitrarily-shaped finite wireless network: (i
Outage Probability of Amplify-and-Forward Opportunistic Relaying with Multiple Interferers
Lee, Jae Hong
Outage Probability of Amplify-and-Forward Opportunistic Relaying with Multiple Interferers over channels. We derive the closed-form expression of the outage probability for the AF opportunistic relaying derive the analytical results. Also, in [9], the authors investigate the outage behavior of the dual
Cut-off Rate based Outage Probability Analysis of Frequency Hopping Mobile Radio under Jamming
Yýlmaz, Özgür
Cut-off Rate based Outage Probability Analysis of Frequency Hopping Mobile Radio under Jamming--This paper deals with the achievable spectral ef- ficiency and outage analysis of short burst frequency hopping (FH) mobile radios under heavy jamming scenarios. With the use of outage probability analysis
Outage Probability in a Multi-Cellular Network using Alamouti Scheme
Coupechoux, Marceau
Outage Probability in a Multi-Cellular Network using Alamouti Scheme Dorra Ben Cheikh , Jean to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) or equivalently the outage probability in flat Rayleigh fading. The system power from the interfering base stations. In the first case, a closed- form expression for the outage
Reduced-Outage-Probability Algorithms for Cross-Layer Call Admission Control in CDMA
Blostein, Steven D.
1 Reduced-Outage-Probability Algorithms for Cross-Layer Call Admission Control in CDMA Beamforming, increases outage probability in the physical layer. In this paper, we investigate the mitigation of the outage problem in the context of cross-layer performance, and propose CAC algorithms for code
Evans, Brian L.
SUBMITTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS 1 Outage Probability for Diversity of outage probability in the low-outage regime. The contributions of this paper are (1) derivation of closed, selection and post-detection combining; (2) comparison of the relative outage performance
PROBABILITY OF CORRECT SELECTION OF GAMMA VERSUS GE OR WEIBULL VERSUS GE BASED ON
Kundu, Debasis
PROBABILITY OF CORRECT SELECTION OF GAMMA VERSUS GE OR WEIBULL VERSUS GE BASED ON LIKELIHOOD RATIO proposes the use of likelihood ratio statistic in choosing between gamma and GE models or between Weibull and GE models. Probability of correct selec- tions are obtained using Monte Carlo simulations for various
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
% 7% 6.5 5.5 6.5 68.5 30,100 10% 5% 51% 34% 73% 17% 1% * 3% 7% 7.0 7.2 10.0 * ANCASTER AREA CITYdatamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 85 ANCASTER AREA CITY OF HAMILTON Mohawk Rd. Main St. Carluke Rd. Governors Rd. Garner
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
,213,000 38% 13% 35% 14% 60% 14% 16% 1% 7% 2% 5.7 4.1 6.6 30.0 TRIPS MADE TO TTS AREA 3,168,200 23.5% 51% 22datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 5 GREATER TORONTO HAMILTON AREA Durham Region Peel Region City of Hamilton City
Cluster formation probability in the trans-tin and trans-lead nuclei
K. P. Santhosh; R. K. Biju; Sabina Sahadevan
2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
Within our fission model, the Coulomb and proximity potential model (CPPM) cluster formation probabilities are calculated for different clusters ranging from carbon to silicon for the parents in the trans-tin and trans- lead regions. It is found that in trans-tin region the 12^C, 16^O, 20^Ne and 24^Mg clusters have maximum cluster formation probability and lowest half lives as compared to other clusters. In trans-lead region the 14^C, 18, 20^O, 23^F, 24,26^Ne, 28,30^Mg and 34^Si clusters have the maximum cluster formation probability and minimum half life, which show that alpha like clusters are most probable for emission from trans-tin region while non-alpha clusters are probable from trans-lead region. These results stress the role of neutron proton symmetry and asymmetry of daughter nuclei in these two cases.
Kodiak Area Management Reports, 19242010 Kodiak Area Management Reports, 19242010
367 Kodiak Area Management Reports, 19242010 APPENDIX 4 Kodiak Area Management Reports, 19242010 1924: Fred R. Lucas. Report of Kodiak-Afognak Fish- eries District to August 31, 1924. U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, Afognak, AK (5 September 1924). 8 p. 1924: Fred R. Lucas. Report of Kodiak-Afognak Dis- trict
Design and Analysis of Experiments Course number: STAT 3850/5850. January, 2008.
Johnson, Dan L.
1 Design and Analysis of Experiments Course number: STAT 3850/5850. January, 2008. Instructor: Dan, apply and discuss methods of experimental design and analysis, for the purposes of identifying probable Designs Regression and Analysis of Variance; contrasts and multiple comparisons Generalized Type I error
Communication in Home Area Networks
Wang, Yubo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and implementation of smart home energy management systemsStandard Technologies for Smart Home Area Networks EnablingInteroperability framework for smart home systems”, Consumer
Cross-Layer Design of Outage Optimum Routing Metric for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
PAPER Cross-layer design of outage optimum routing metricof wireless ad hoc network outage probability in a fadingJ. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves Outage optimum routing for wireless
Foundations and Trends R Electronic Design Automation
Sapatnekar, Sachin
of computing servers in a data center, the cooling structure must cover an area of the order of meter to tens , Sanjay V. Kumar2 and Sachin S. Sapatnekar3 1 Cadence Design Systems, 555 River Oaks Parkway, San Jose, CA, and reliability analyses during chip design. The thermal prop- erties of integrated systems can be studied
Developing Nurse and Physician Questionnaires to Assess Primary Work Areas in Intensive Care Units
Rashid, Mahbub; Boyle, Diane K.; Crosser, Michael
2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
variable definitions ranging from completely enclosed private individual spaces to completely open shared workstations. Some of the key design features of individual work units within the primary work areas in ICUs may include space, furniture... concerning primary work areas in ICUs. Items included in the questionnaires were organized based on the following key design features of the primary work areas – space, furniture, and equipment; environmental features; privacy and interruption; features...
Kalinich, Donald A.; Sallaberry, Cedric M.; Mattie, Patrick D.
2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
For the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Extremely Low Probability of Rupture (xLPR) pilot study, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) was tasked to develop and evaluate a probabilistic framework using a commercial software package for Version 1.0 of the xLPR Code. Version 1.0 of the xLPR code is focused assessing the probability of rupture due to primary water stress corrosion cracking in dissimilar metal welds in pressurizer surge nozzles. Future versions of this framework will expand the capabilities to other cracking mechanisms, and other piping systems for both pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors. The goal of the pilot study project is to plan the xLPR framework transition from Version 1.0 to Version 2.0; hence the initial Version 1.0 framework and code development will be used to define the requirements for Version 2.0. The software documented in this report has been developed and tested solely for this purpose. This framework and demonstration problem will be used to evaluate the commercial software's capabilities and applicability for use in creating the final version of the xLPR framework. This report details the design, system requirements, and the steps necessary to use the commercial-code based xLPR framework developed by SNL.
Probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)]|[Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Hoover Institution
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In its most recent report on the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the annual failure rate is calculated to be 1.3E({minus}7)(1/yr), rounded off from 1.32E({minus}7). A calculation by the Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) produces a result that is about 4% higher, namely 1.37E({minus}7)(1/yr). The difference is due to a minor error in the US Department of Energy (DOE) calculations in the Westinghouse 1996 report. WIPP`s hoist safety relies on a braking system consisting of a number of components including two crucial valves. The failure rate of the system needs to be recalculated periodically to accommodate new information on component failure, changes in maintenance and inspection schedules, occasional incidents such as a hoist traveling out-of-control, either up or down, and changes in the design of the brake system. This report examines DOE`s last two reports on the redesigned waste hoist system. In its calculations, the DOE has accepted one EEG recommendation and is using more current information about the component failures rates, the Nonelectronic Parts Reliability Data (NPRD). However, the DOE calculations fail to include the data uncertainties which are described in detail in the NPRD reports. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommended that a system evaluation include mean estimates of component failure rates and take into account the potential uncertainties that exist so that an estimate can be made on the confidence level to be ascribed to the quantitative results. EEG has made this suggestion previously and the DOE has indicated why it does not accept the NRC recommendation. Hence, this EEG report illustrates the importance of including data uncertainty using a simple statistical example.
Area Health Education Center of
Collins, Gary S.
Area Health Education Center of Eastern Washington Washington State University Extension's Area Health Education Center of Eastern Washington works with university and community allies to promote health for underserved and at-risk populations. It is part of a network of AHEC organiza- tions
Zhao, Liang
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
After the deregulation of the power systems, the large-scale power systems may contain several areas. Each area has its own control center and each control center may have its own state estimator which processes the measurements received from its...
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 51 TOWN OF RICHMOND HILL REGIONAL MUNICIPALITY OF YORK LeslieSt. Stouffville Rd. King 6 Kilometers Area = 10,180 Hectares #12;POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Population Age Daily
Before Mapping After Mapping Area Power Area Delay Power
Pedram, Massoud
32 Exam- ples Before Mapping After Mapping Area Power Area Delay Power 5xp1 0.93 0.98 0.86 0.82 0 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.07 0.99 duke2 1.01 1.01 0.99 1.13 0.97 e64 1.00 0.51 0.83 1.16 0.50 ex5 0.99 0.89 0.99 0.92 0.96 1.05 0.90 Table 2: Area, delay and power statistics for power script (normalized
Use of inelastic analysis in cask design
AMMERMAN,DOUGLAS J.; BREIVIK,NICOLE L.
2000-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, the advantages and disadvantages of inelastic analysis are discussed. Example calculations and designs showing the implications and significance of factors affecting inelastic analysis are given. From the results described in this paper it can be seen that inelastic analysis provides an improved method for the design of casks. It can also be seen that additional code and standards work is needed to give designers guidance in the use of inelastic analysis. Development of these codes and standards is an area where there is a definite need for additional work. The authors hope that this paper will help to define the areas where that need is most acute.
Research Areas | Supercomputers & Computation | ORNL
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
a reactor not yet built. Simulations compress design cycles and lower costs for vehicle engines, airplane wings, and power plants, as virtual prototypes can be tested before...
Sagebrush Flat Wildlife Area 2008 Annual Report.
Peterson, Dan [Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
The Sagebrush Flat Wildlife Area is a 12,718 acre complex located in Douglas County, Washington. Four distinct management units make up the area: Bridgeport, Chester Butte, Dormaier and Sagebrush Flat. The four Units are located across a wide geographic area within Douglas County. The Units are situated roughly along a north/south line from Bridgeport in the north to the Douglas/Grant county line in the south, 60 miles away. The wildlife area was established to conserve and enhance shrubsteppe habitat for the benefit shrubsteppe obligate and dependent wildlife species. In particular, the Sagebrush Flat Wildlife Area is managed to promote the recovery of three state-listed species: Columbian sharp-tailed grouse (threatened), greater sage grouse (threatened) and the pygmy rabbit (endangered). The US Fish and Wildlife Service also list the pygmy rabbit as endangered. Wildlife area staff seeded 250 acres of old agricultural fields located on the Sagebrush Flat, Dormaier and Chester Butte units. This has been a three project to reestablish high quality shrubsteppe habitat on fields that had either been abandoned (Dormaier) or were dominated by non-native grasses. A mix of 17 native grasses and forbs, most of which were locally collected and grown, was used. First year maintenance included spot spraying Dalmatian toadflax on all sites and mowing annual weeds to reduce competition. Photo points were established and will be integral to long term monitoring and evaluation. Additional monitoring and evaluation will come from existing vegetation transects. This year weed control efforts included spot treatment of noxious weeds, particularly Dalmatian toadflax, in previously restored fields on the Bridgeport Unit (150 acres). Spot treatment also took place within fields scheduled for restoration (40 acres) and in areas where toadflax infestations are small and relatively easily contained. Where toadflax is so widespread that chemical treatment would be impractical, we use the bioagent Mecinus janthinus, available through Professor Gary Piper of Washington State University. This year we released 4,000 M. janthinus on the Bridgeport Unit at 6 separate locations. Since 2002 we have released approximately 14,400 of these insects, 80% of these on the Bridgeport Unit. Additional weed control activities included mowing and spot spraying more than 32 miles of roads, cutting and removal of annual weeds within fenced deer exclosures. We upgraded the solar powered irrigation system that supplies water to a stand of water birch trees planted in 2002. Wildlife area staff designed and built a new solar array and installed a higher capacity pump. The increased capacity will ensure that these trees receive adequate water through the hot summer months and allow us to create at least one additional stand. This project is an important part in our effort to expand the available winter habitat for sharp-tailed grouse on the Bridgeport Unit. Maintenance of fences, parking areas and roads continued during throughout the year. Two parking areas, at Chester Butte and Bridgeport, were graded and additional gravel added. Roads on the Bridgeport Unit were graded and repaired following spring runoff. Trespass and dumping issues have increased in recent years on the Bridgeport Unit. To address these problems we constructed four steel gates at access points on this unit. Each gate is tubular steel attached to 8-inch diameter steel posts, 10 feet long that are cemented into the ground. Two gates allow access to BPA substation facilities and power-line right-of ways so placement, construction and locking issues had to be coordinated with BPA's Real Estate staff in Spokane. Environmental Compliance Documentation issues were addressed again this year. This process has the potential to cause delays the completion of projects within the fiscal year. With this in mind and an eye toward the future, we requested that several projects planned for the coming years be surveyed this year. Beginning in August of 2007, area staff worked with BPA staff to identify work elements
Probabilistic life design of refractories for steel casting
Wereszczak, A.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). High Temperature Materials Lab.; Smith, J.D.; Moore, R.E. [Univ. of Missouri, Rolla, MO (United States). Dept. of Ceramic Engineering
1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The failure probability of magnesia-graphite components was predicted using an established probabilistic life prediction design algorithm. The described algorithm is commonly employed in the design of load-bearing structural ceramics components; however, interest existed for the present study to demonstrate its use and applicability in the design (or failure probability analysis) of arbitrary refractory components. Two components were examined: (1) a 25.4 x 25.4 x 152 mm (1 x 1 by 6 in.) magnesia-graphite prismatic bar subjected to three-point flexure using a 101.6 mm (4 in.) span, and (2) a vertically suspended magnesia-graphite nozzle whose dimensions were 203 O.D. x 101.6 I.D. x 1,524 mm length (8 O.D. x 4 I.D. x 60 in. length). Magnesia-graphite strength data were combined with finite element analysis of the components and an appropriate multiaxial ceramic failure criterion to predict the failure probabilities of each. The latter exercise illustrated how laboratory-generated strength distributions may be used to predict the failure probability of a representative refractory component used in steel casting, while the former provided useful information of strength-dependence on size between two commonly used specimen geometries used for refractory strength tests. The results indicated an approach of probabilistic life design is applicable to refractory component design for the steel casting industry.
Quasi-probability representations of quantum theory with applications to quantum information science
Christopher Ferrie
2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
This article comprises a review of both the quasi-probability representations of infinite-dimensional quantum theory (including the Wigner function) and the more recently defined quasi-probability representations of finite-dimensional quantum theory. We focus on both the characteristics and applications of these representations with an emphasis toward quantum information theory. We discuss the recently proposed unification of the set of possible quasi-probability representations via frame theory and then discuss the practical relevance of negativity in such representations as a criteria for quantumness.
"For good design, you pay now; for bad design, you pay later"--or do you?
Murugappan, Meena
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
What is the value of architectural design on office building income? This empirical study of 296 office building located in 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA) hopes to quantitatively determine if a plain vanilla cereal ...
Research Areas | National Nuclear Security Administration
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas Research Areas Research Areas High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas (HEDLP) Research Areas During open solicitations proposals are sought...
Research Areas | National Nuclear Security Administration
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
National Laser Users' Facility Grant Program Research Areas Research Areas National Laser Users' Facility Grant Program Research Areas The research tools and resources of the...
Postdoctoral Scholar position Area: Faculty of Medicine
de Leon, Alex R.
, preliminary design, material selection, prototyping, 3D printing, machining, final design, sterilization
What can I do with this degree? AREAS EMPLOYERS
Kaminsky, Werner
skills and build contacts. Become familiar with word processing, desktop publishing and web page design or campus publication. Joinprofessionaljournalismorcommunications organizations. Develop excellent word widely in area of talent and/or interest (e.g., mystery novels, poetry) #12;STRATEGIES (Journalism,Page3
Priority Groundwater Management Areas: Overview and Frequently Asked Questions
Silvy, Valeen; Lesikar, Bruce J.; Persyn, Russell A.
2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
are the steps after a PGMA is designated? ............................................................ 32 What is the role of the county commissioners court in the PGMA process? .................................................................. 32 How is a...? ................... 34 What if our county or area does not want a GCD? ...................................................................... 34 What is the Texas Water Code? .............................. 34 Figure 1: Confined and unconfined aquifers...
Activated carbon testing for the 200 area effluent treatment facility
Wagner, R.N.
1997-01-17T23:59:59.000Z
This report documents pilot and laboratory scale testing of activated carbon for use in the 200 Area Effluent Treatment Facility peroxide decomposer columns. Recommendations are made concerning column operating conditions and hardware design, the optimum type of carbon for use in the plant, and possible further studies.
Technical evaluation: 300 Area steam line valve accident
Not Available
1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
On June 7, 1993, a journeyman power operator (JPO) was severely burned and later died as a result of the failure of a 6-in. valve that occurred when he attempted to open main steam supply (MSS) valve MSS-25 in the U-3 valve pit. The pit is located northwest of Building 331 in the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. Figure 1-1 shows a layout of the 300 Area steam piping system including the U-3 steam valve pit. Figure 1-2 shows a cutaway view of the approximately 10- by 13- by 16-ft-high valve pit with its various steam valves and connecting piping. Valve MSS-25, an 8-in. valve, is located at the bottom of the pit. The failed 6-in. valve was located at the top of the pit where it branched from the upper portion of the 8-in. line at the 8- by 8- by 6-in. tee and was then ``blanked off`` with a blind flange. The purpose of this technical evaluation was to determine the cause of the accident that led to the failure of the 6-in. valve. The probable cause for the 6-in. valve failure was determined by visual, nondestructive, and destructive examination of the failed valve and by metallurgical analysis of the fractured region of the valve. The cause of the accident was ultimately identified by correlating the observed failure mode to the most probable physical phenomenon. Thermal-hydraulic analyses, component stress analyses, and tests were performed to verify that the probable physical phenomenon could be reasonably expected to produce the failure in the valve that was observed.
Aquatic Natural Areas Analysis and Evaluation: Oak Ridge Reservation
Baranski, Dr. Michael J. [Catawba College
2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents an assessment of the natural area value of eight Aquatic Natural Areas (ANAs) and seven Aquatic Reference Areas (ARAs) on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) in Anderson and Roane Counties in east Tennessee. It follows a previous study in 2009 that analyzed and evaluated terrestrial natural areas on the Reservation. The purpose of both studies was to evaluate and rank those specially designated areas on the Reservation that contain sensitive species, special habitats, and natural area value. Natural areas receive special protections through established statutes, regulations, and policies. The ORR contains 33,542 acres (13,574 ha) administered by the Department of Energy. The surface waters of the Reservation range from 1st-order to 5th-order streams, but the majority of the streams recognized as ANAs and ARAs are 1st- and 2nd-order streams. East Fork Poplar Creek is a 4th-order stream and the largest watershed that drains Reservation lands. All the waters of the Reservation eventually reach the Clinch River on the southern and western boundaries of the ORR. All available information was collected, synthesized, and evaluated. Field observations were made to support and supplement the available information. Geographic information system mapping techniques were used to develop several quantitative attributes about the study areas. Narrative descriptions of each ANA and ARA and tables of numerical data were prepared. Criteria for assessment and evaluation were developed, and eight categories of factors were devised to produce a ranking system. The evaluation factors used in the ranking system were: (A) size of area, (B) percentage of watershed protected, (C) taxa present with protected status, (D) overall biotic diversity, (E) stream features, (F) water quality and use support ratings, (G) disturbance regime, and (H) other factors. Each factor was evaluated on a 5-point ranking scale (0-4), and each area received a composite score, where 32 was the maximum score possible. A highly ranked ANA or ARA is one that is large in size compared to other areas, includes a greater proportion of the watershed within Reservation boundaries, contains a number of status taxa at high densities, exhibits a high overall biodiversity, has very good or excellent habitat and water quality, is well protected and isolated from disturbances, and shows several other characteristics that contribute to natural area value. In this report, the term 'natural area' is loosely defined as a terrestrial or aquatic system that exhibits, or is thought to exhibit, high natural integrity and other significant natural values. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate and rank the currently recognized Aquatic Natural Areas (ANAs) and Aquatic Reference Areas (ARAs) on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) for their natural area value. A previous study (Baranski 2009) analyzed, evaluated, and ranked terrestrial areas (Natural Areas [NAs], Reference Areas [RAs], and Cooperative Management Areas [CMAs]) on the ORR for natural area value, and a precise methodology for natural area evaluation was developed. The present study is intended to be a complement and companion to the terrestrial area study and attempts to employ a similar methodology for aquatic areas so that aquatic and terrestrial areas can be compared on a similar scale. This study specifically develops criteria for assessing the ecological, biodiversity, and natural area importance and significance of aquatic systems on the Reservation in a relevant and consistent manner. The information can be integrated into the Tennessee Natural Heritage Program (http://tn.gov/environment/na/nhp.shtml) system and applied to potential new aquatic areas. Further, the information will be useful in planning, management, and protection efforts on the ORR.
Lu, Zhiming
Representing aquifer architecture in macrodispersivity models with an analytical solution] The multi-dimensional transition probability model represents hydrofacies architecture in modeling aquifer heterogeneity. The structure of the aquifer architecture is mathematically characterized by a canonical
Cobb, Barry R.; Shenoy, Prakash P.
2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we propose the plausibility transformation method for translating Dempster-Shafer (D-S) belief function models to probability models, and describe some of its properties. There are many other transformation methods used...
Submitted to the Annals of Applied Probability SMALL NOISE ASYMPTOTIC OF THE TIMING JITTER IN
Debussche, Arnaud
Submitted to the Annals of Applied Probability SMALL NOISE ASYMPTOTIC OF THE TIMING JITTER in physics in that context. We focus on the fluctuations of the mass and arrival time or timing jitter. We
Bazant, Zdenek P.
The failure probability of engineering structures such as aircraft, bridges, dams, nuclear structures, and ships, as well as microelectronic components and medical implants, must be kept extremely low, typically <10?6. The ...
Simultaneous surface topography and spin-injection probability D. W. Bullock,a)
Thibado, Paul M.
Simultaneous surface topography and spin-injection probability D. W. Bullock,a) V. P. LaBella, Z polarization at the instant of recombination. Details of how to simultaneously measure the surface topography
Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N dimensions
Stroahaber, James; Kolomenskii, A; Schuessler, Hans
2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z
We present an analytical inversion technique, which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call...
On the evaluation of human error probabilities for post-initiating events
Presley, Mary R
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quantification of human error probabilities (HEPs) for the purpose of human reliability assessment (HRA) is very complex. Because of this complexity, the state of the art includes a variety of HRA models, each with its own ...
Cooper, R.E.
2002-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
This study was performed to obtain information that could be useful for obtaining an early estimate of the probable total stack activity monitor response in the event of an accidental release of radioactive activity in the process room.
Error Analysis of Free Probability Approximations to the Density of States of Disordered Systems
Chen, Jiahao
Theoretical studies of localization, anomalous diffusion and ergodicity breaking require solving the electronic structure of disordered systems. We use free probability to approximate the ensemble-averaged density of states ...
Knowledge and understanding of probability and statistics topics by preservice PK-8 teachers
Carter, Tamara Anthony
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Given the importance placed on probability and statistics in the PK-8 curriculum by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (2000) and on teachers by the Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (1995) and the Conference...
MA/STAT 25000 Syllabus Fall 2015 Problem Solving in Probability
2015-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
MA/STAT 25000. Syllabus. Fall 2015. Problem Solving in Probability. Meeting Times and Location: TR 3:30-4:20pm in UNIV 003. Instructor: Rachel Lynn. E-
Communication in Home Area Networks
Wang, Yubo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
21] ZigBee Alliance. "ZigBee Smart Energy V2.0”, 2011 [22]Secure remote access to Smart Energy Home area Networks”,Density HEMS SEP Smart Energy Profile HV Home Energy
Progress Update: M Area Closure
Cody, Tom
2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z
A progress update of the Recovery Act at work at the Savannah River Site. The celebration of the first area cleanup completion with the help of the Recovery Act.
Security Area Vouching and Piggybacking
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2000-06-05T23:59:59.000Z
Establishes requirements for the Department of Energy (DOE) Security Area practice of "vouching" or "piggybacking" access by personnel. DOE N 251.40, dated 5-3-01, extends this directive until 12-31-01.
Variable area fuel cell cooling
Kothmann, Richard E. (Churchill Borough, PA)
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A fuel cell arrangement having cooling fluid flow passages which vary in surface area from the inlet to the outlet of the passages. A smaller surface area is provided at the passage inlet, which increases toward the passage outlet, so as to provide more uniform cooling of the entire fuel cell. The cooling passages can also be spaced from one another in an uneven fashion.
Latham, D.J.; Schlieter, J.A.
1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ignition of wildland fine fuels by lightning was simulated with an electric arc discharge in the laboratory. The results showed that fuel parameters such as depth, moisture content, bulk density, and mineral content can be combined with the duration of the simulated continuing current to give ignition probabilities. The fuel state parameters of importance and the ignition probabilities were determined using logistic regression. Graphs, tables, formulas, and a FORTRAN computer program are given for field use.
Pokta, Suriani
2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2004 Major Subject: Statistics BAYESIAN MODEL SELECTION USING EXACT AND APPROXIMATED POSTERIOR PROBABILITIES WITH APPLICATIONS TO STAR DATA A Dissertation by SURIANI POKTA Submitted to Texas A.... Longnecker (Head of Department) August 2004 Major Subject: Statistics iii ABSTRACT Bayesian Model Selection Using Exact and Approximated Posterior Probabilities with Applications to Star Data. (August 2004) Suriani Pokta, B.S., Mathematics, University...
Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...
Literature Review At International Geothermal Area, New Zealand (Ranalli & Rybach, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location International Geothermal Area New Zealand...
Bechtel Nevada; U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office
2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office manages two low-level Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site. The Area 5 RWMS uses engineered shallow-land burial cells to dispose of packaged waste. This report summarizes characterization and monitoring work pertinent to the 92-Acre Area in the southeast part of the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites. The decades of characterization and assessment work at the Area 5 RWMS indicate that the access controls, waste operation practices, site design, final cover design, site setting, and arid natural environment contribute to a containment system that meets regulatory requirements and performance objectives for the short- and long-term protection of the environment and public. The available characterization and Performance Assessment information is adequate to support design of the final cover and development of closure plans. No further characterization is warranted to demonstrate regulatory compliance. U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office is proceeding with the development of closure plans for the six closure units of the 92-Acre Area.
Least-Cost Groundwater Remediation Design Using Uncertain Hydrogeological Information
Pinder, George F.
1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The research conducted by at the Research Center for Groundwater Remediation Design at the University of Vermont funded by the Department of Energy continues to focus on the implementation of a new method of including uncertainty into the optimal design of groundwater remediation systems. The uncertain parameter is the hydraulic conductivity of an aquifer. The optimization method utilized for this project is called robust optimization. The uncertainty of the hydraulic conductivity is described by a probability density function, PDF.
Risk-informed design changes for a passive cooling system
Patalano, Giovanbattista
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The failure probability of a passive decay heat removal system after a LOCA is evaluated as part of a risk-informed design process for a helium-cooled fast reactor. The system was modeled using RELAP5-3D. The epistemic ...
Standby rate design: current issues and possible innovations
Goulding, A.J.; Bahceci, Serkan
2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
While options pricing principles have some relevance for the design a standby distribution rates, insurance pricing may provide an even better model. An insurance-based approach using an outage probability methodology also provides powerful incentives to the utility to connect additional DG resources to the grid. (author)
Chemical engineers design, control and optimize large-scale chemical,
Rohs, Remo
Introduction to Separation Processes (3, Sp) Use of equilibrium phase relations and principles of material by petition only. 405 Applications of Probability and Statistics for Chemical Engineers (3, Fa) Principles Chemical Reactor Analysis (3, Fa) Basic concepts of chemical kinetics and chemical reactor design
Farid Ait-Chaalal; Michel S. Bourqui; Peter Bartello
2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z
We study an instantaneous bimolecular chemical reaction in a two-dimensional chaotic, incompressible and closed Navier-Stokes flow. Areas of well mixed reactants are initially separated by infinite gradients. We focus on the initial regime, characterized by a well-defined one-dimensional contact line between the reactants. The amount of reactant consumed is given by the diffusive flux along this line, and hence relates directly to its length and to the gradients along it. We show both theoretically and numerically that the probability distribution of the modulus of the gradient of the reactants along this contact line multiplied by {\\kappa} does not depend on the diffusion {\\kappa} and can be inferred, after a few turnover times, from the joint distribution of the finite time Lyapunov exponent {\\lambda} and the frequency 1/{\\tau} . The equivalent time {\\tau} measures the stretching time scale of a Lagrangian parcel in the recent past, while {\\lambda} measures it on the whole chaotic orbit. At smaller times, we predict the shape of this gradient distribution taking into account the initial random orientation between the contact line and the stretching direction. We also show that the probability distribution of the reactants is proportional to {\\kappa} and to the product of the ensemble mean contact line length with the ensemble mean of the inverse of the gradient along it. Besides contributing to the understanding of fast chemistry in chaotic flows, the present study based on a Lagrangian stretching theory approach provides results that pave the way to the development of accurate sub- grid parametrizations in models with insufficient resolution for capturing the length scales relevant to chemical processes, for example in Climate-Chemsitry Models.
Biosystem Dynamics & Design | EMSL
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Dynamics & Design Overview Atmospheric Aerosol Systems Biosystem Dynamics & Design Energy Materials & Processes Terrestrial & Subsurface Ecosystems Biosystem Dynamics &...
100 Areas CERCLA ecological investigations
Landeen, D.S.; Sackschewsky, M.R.; Weiss, S.
1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document reports the results of the field terrestrial ecological investigations conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company during fiscal years 1991 and 1992 at operable units 100-FR-3, 100-HR-3, 100-NR-2, 100-KR-4, and 100-BC-5. The tasks reported here are part of the Remedial Investigations conducted in support of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 studies for the 100 Areas. These ecological investigations provide (1) a description of the flora and fauna associated with the 100 Areas operable units, emphasizing potential pathways for contaminants and species that have been given special status under existing state and/or federal laws, and (2) an evaluation of existing concentrations of heavy metals and radionuclides in biota associated with the 100 Areas operable units.
arXiv:quant-ph/0303103v21Jul2003 Survival probability and local density of states for
Cohen, Doron
of the survival probability, and for the parametric dependence of the local density of states. This theory leads possibility is to use perturbation theory, in particular "Fermi #12;Survival probability and LDOS for 1DarXiv:quant-ph/0303103v21Jul2003 Survival probability and local density of states for one
Kim, Il-Min
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 10, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2011 407 Outage Probability-duplex mode. For this system, we first derive a tight lower bound of outage probability, which is very close to the exact outage probability in the whole signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) range irrespective of the values
Elkashlan, Maged
2120 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 5, JUNE 2010 Outage Probability and exact analysis is conducted to analyze the outage probability of MRNs under dissimilar Nakagami-m fading conditions. More specifically, we derive new closed-form expressions for the outage probability and the prob
Kim, Il-Min
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 9, NO. 3, MARCH 2010 1139 Outage Probability--The outage probability of multi-hop amplify-and- forward relay systems with multiple relays is analyzed. Previ- ously, the outage probability of the two-hop system with multiple relays had been analyzed
Johnson, Dan L.
1 Design and Analysis of Experiments Course number: STAT 3850b / 5850b. Spring, 2009. First class: Oehlert, G.W. 2000. A first course in design and analysis of experiments. W.H. Freeman and Co., New York and discuss methods of experimental design and analysis, for the purposes of identifying probable causality
Brown, M.J.
1995-03-22T23:59:59.000Z
This document summarizes the sampling criteria associated with the 200 Area Treatment Effluent Facility (TEDF) that are needed to comply with the requirements of the Washington State Discharge Permit No. WA ST 4502 and good engineering practices at the generator streams that feed into TEDF. In addition, this document Identifies the responsible parties for both sampling and data transference.
University of Virginia Housing Areas
Huang, Wei
University of Virginia Housing Areas Copeley Hill Faulkner Copeley III & IV Piedmont Hereford Gardens Lile-Maupin House 2372 Tuttle - Dunnington House 2373 Shannon House 2374 Gibbons House 2375 IvyGardensWay Tree House Drive Grady Avenue University Court Farrish Circle W estview Road Engineer'sWay Gildersleve
Probabilities of delayed processes for nuclei involved in the r-process
Panov, I. V., E-mail: Igor.Panov@itep.ru [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation); Korneev, I. Yu.; Lutostansky, Yu. S. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)] [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Thielemann, F.-K. [University of Basel, Institute of Physics (Switzerland)] [University of Basel, Institute of Physics (Switzerland)
2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
Delayed fission, along with induced and spontaneous fission, is responsible for the suppression of the production of superheavy elements both during the r-process and after its completion. Beta-decay strength functions are required for calculating delayed fission. In the present study, respective strength functions are calculated by relying on the theory of finite Fermi systems and by predominantly employing nuclear masses and fission barriers predicted by a generalized Thomas-Fermi model. The probabilities for delayed fission and for the emission of delayed neutrons are calculated for a number of isotopes. On the basis of calculations performed in order to determine the probabilities for delayed processes, it is shown that some of the delayed-fission probabilities calculated thus far were substantially overestimated. The application of these new results to calculating the r-process may change substantially both the r-process path and the yields of superheavy nuclei.
Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N dimensions
Strohaber, J.; Kolomenskii, A. A.; Schuessler, H. A. [Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 (United States)
2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present an analytical inversion technique, which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call this technique a multiphoton expansion (MPE). The MPE formalism was verified with an exactly solvable inversion problem in two dimensions, and probabilities in the postsaturation region, where the intensity-selective scanning approach breaks down, were recovered. In three dimensions, ionization probabilities of Xe were successfully recovered with MPE from simulated (using the Ammosov-Delone-Krainov tunneling theory) ion yields. Finally, we tested our approach with intensity-resolved benzene-ion yields, which show a resonant multiphoton ionization process. By applying MPE to this data (which were artificially averaged), the resonant structure was recovered, which suggests that the resonance in benzene may have been observed in spatially averaged data taken elsewhere.
Zhu, Lin; Gong, Huili; Gable, Carl; Teatini, Pietro
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding the heterogeneity arising from the complex architecture of sedimentary sequences in alluvial fans is challenging. This paper develops a statistical inverse framework in a multi-zone transition probability approach for characterizing the heterogeneity in alluvial fans. An analytical solution of the transition probability matrix is used to define the statistical relationships among different hydrofacies and their mean lengths, integral scales, and volumetric proportions. A statistical inversion is conducted to identify the multi-zone transition probability models and estimate the optimal statistical parameters using the modified Gauss-Newton-Levenberg-Marquardt method. The Jacobian matrix is computed by the sensitivity equation method, which results in an accurate inverse solution with quantification of parameter uncertainty. We use the Chaobai River alluvial fan in the Beijing Plain, China, as an example for elucidating the methodology of alluvial fan characterization. The alluvial fan is divided...
Rubin, M.P.
1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Reactor Safety Study (WASH-1400) identified the potential intersystem LOCA in a pressurized water reactor as a significant contributor to the risk resulting from core melt. Similar scenarios are also possible in boiling water reactors. This report evaluates various pressure isolation valve configurations used in reactors to determine the probability of intersystem LOCA. It is shown that periodic leak testing of these valves can substantially reduce intersystem LOCA probability. Specific analyses of the high pressure/low pressure interfaces in the Sequoyah (PWR) and Alan B. Barton (BWR) plants show that periodic leak testing of the pressure isolation check valves will reduce the intersystem LOCA probability to below 0.000001 per year.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to salvage and demolish the 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area steam plants and their associated steam distribution piping...
An Algorithm for Calculating the Probability of Classes of Data Patterns on a Genealogy
Koch, Jordan M.; Holder, Mark T.
2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
An Algorithm for Calculating the Probability of Classes of Data Patterns on a Genealogy December 14, 2012 · Algorithms/Software Jordan M. Koch1, Mark T. Holder2 1 University of Kansas, 2 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University... of Kansas Koch JM, Holder MT. An Algorithm for Calculating the Probability of Classes of Data Patterns on a Genealogy. PLOS Currents Tree of Life. 2012 Dec 14. Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/4fd1286980c08. Abstract Felsenstein’s pruning algorithm allows one...
Electric quadrupole transition probabilities and line strengths of Ti{sup 11+}
Gökçe, Yasin, E-mail: ygokce58@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman (Turkey); Çelik, Gültekin [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Selçuk University, Campus 42049 Konya (Turkey); Y?ld?z, Murat, E-mail: muraty70@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman (Turkey)
2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Electric quadrupole transition probabilities and line strengths have been calculated using the weakest bound electron potential model for sodium-like titanium, considering many transition arrays. We employed numerical Coulomb approximation and non-relativistic Hartree–Fock wavefunctions for the expectation values of radii in determination of parameters of the model. The necessary energy values have been taken from experimental data in the literature. The calculated electric quadrupole line strengths have been compared with available data in the literature and good agreement has been obtained. Moreover, some electric quadrupole transition probability and line strength values not existing in the literature for some highly excited levels have been obtained using this method.
of small. run-of-the-river hydro project. (Agency will probably support.) Methow ;Basin tributaries. Add protected for resident fish and wildlife to unprotected. Submitted by Nooksack River Hydro. Reason: project area not important for species of concern. If approved, this change would allow construction of hydro
Yang, Maria
innovation as part of product design courses has thus become very important to increase the probability 15-18, 2010, Montreal, Quebec, Canada DETC2010-28985 UNDERSTANDING INNOVATION IN STUDENT DESIGN, Massachusetts 02139 Tamara Carleton Center for Foresight and Innovation Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305
An investigation of factors affecting the design location of freeway ramps
Tipton, William Earl
1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Interchanges Gulf Freeway, Houston, Texas Study Area ? Gulf Freeway, Houston, Texas License Plate Recording Points. 10 Cullen Interchange Outbound . Telephone Interchange Outbound . Woodridge Interchange Outbound 14 15 10. Wayside Interchange Outbound... Cullen Interchange Inbound . . 18 19 Data Collection Points 27 12. Esterline-Angus 20-Pen Recorder 30 13. 14. Comparison 1 of Acceptable Gap Probability Comparison 2 of Acceptable Gap Probability 36 37 15, Freeway Ramp Spacing Study Location 40...
Design Editorial Design: The New Frontier
Papalambros, Panos
countries with lower labor costs. In a sense, our research and education agenda must transition from a "pure for sustainable growth and innovation, and design is the surest path to realizing it. Design is the new frontier with innovation, as exemplified in frequent references to design in the business press. In the pursuit for sus
Variable area light reflecting assembly
Howard, T.C.
1986-12-23T23:59:59.000Z
Device is described for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles. 9 figs.
Variable area light reflecting assembly
Howard, Thomas C. (Raleigh, NC)
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Device for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles.
Mechanical considerations and design skills.
Alvis, Robert L.
2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of the report is to provide experienced-based insights into design processes that will benefit designers beginning their employment at Sandia National Laboratories or those assuming new design responsibilities. The main purpose of this document is to provide engineers with the practical aspects of system design. The material discussed here may not be new to some readers, but some of it was to me. Transforming an idea to a design to solve a problem is a skill, and skills are similar to history lessons. We gain these skills from experience, and many of us have not been fortunate enough to grow in an environment that provided the skills that we now need. I was fortunate to grow up on a farm where we had to learn how to maintain and operate several different kinds of engines and machines. If you are like me, my formal experience is partially based upon the two universities from which I graduated, where few practical applications of the technologies were taught. What was taught was mainly theoretical, and few instructors had practical experience to offer the students. I understand this, as students have their hands full just to learn the theoretical. The practical part was mainly left up to 'on the job experience'. However, I believe it is better to learn the practical applications early and apply them quickly 'on the job'. System design engineers need to know several technical things, both in and out of their field of expertise. An engineer is not expected to know everything, but he should know when to ask an expert for assistance. This 'expert' can be in any field, whether it is in analyses, drafting, machining, material properties, testing, etc. The best expert is a person who has practical experience in the area of needed information, and consulting with that individual can be the best and quickest way for one to learn. If the information provided here can improve your design skills and save one design from having a problem, save cost of development, or reduce difficulty in manufacturing, then my writing effort will have been worthwhile. It is also my hope that you will freely provide others with design information that you have found beneficial to the less-experienced engineers. The result will be that as a whole, the designs will improve, and the development time will be shortened from start of the design to full system operation or deployment.
Innovation investment area: Technology summary
Not Available
1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The mission of Environmental Management`s (EM) Office of Technology Development (OTD) Innovation Investment Area is to identify and provide development support for two types of technologies that are developed to characterize, treat and dispose of DOE waste, and to remediate contaminated sites. They are: technologies that show promise to address specific EM needs, but require proof-of-principle experimentation; and (2) already proven technologies in other fields that require critical path experimentation to demonstrate feasibility for adaptation to specific EM needs. The underlying strategy is to ensure that private industry, other Federal Agencies, universities, and DOE National Laboratories are major participants in developing and deploying new and emerging technologies. To this end, about 125 different new and emerging technologies are being developed through Innovation Investment Area`s (IIA) two program elements: RDDT&E New Initiatives (RD01) and Interagency Agreements (RD02). Both of these activities are intended to foster research and development partnerships so as to introduce innovative technologies into other OTD program elements for expedited evaluation.
Aquifer Protection Area Land Use Regulations (Connecticut)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
These regulations describe allowable activities within aquifer protection areas, the procedure by which such areas are delineated, and relevant permit requirements. The regulations also describe...
Optimal Power Control in CDMA Networks with Constraints on Outage Probability
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
power control al- gorithm is developed for large systems of users. Simulation results are presented of this previous work deals with invariant channel models. Any power control scheme that attempts to follow fastOptimal Power Control in CDMA Networks with Constraints on Outage Probability John Papandriopoulos
Load-shedding probabilities with hybrid renewable power generation and energy storage
Xu , Huan
Load-shedding probabilities with hybrid renewable power generation and energy storage Huan Xu, Ufuk to the intermittency in the power output. These difficulties can be alleviated by effectively utilizing energy storage turbines, supplemented with energy storage. We use a simple storage model alongside a combination
Budzban, Gregory
Convolution Products of Probability Measures on a Compact Semigroup with Applications to Random of these conditions to random measures, defined here as the products of independent random variables taking values products of non-identical measures in countable discrete groups in [2]. In that work, they made use
Load-shedding probabilities with hybrid renewable power generation and energy storage
Xu, Huan
Load-shedding probabilities with hybrid renewable power generation and energy storage Huan Xu, Ufuk Topcu, Steven H. Low, Christopher R. Clarke, and K. Mani Chandy Abstract-- The integration of renewable energy resources, such as solar and wind power, into the electric grid presents challengs partly due
Random Boolean networks with number of parents generated by certain probability distributions
Matache, Dora
Random Boolean networks with number of parents generated by certain probability distributions Ray A following a Power Law distribution. Others have examined how highly connected networks use a Popularity network where the number of parents are obtained using a Power Law distribution and are connected based
Squire, Larry R.
oligoclonal IgG in patients with multiple sclerosis is probably not directed against myelin antigens. The pursuit of the intrathecal B-cell response in multiple sclerosis has been ongoing for decades to the need for an individualised approach to treat patients with multiple sclerosis. Trygve Holmøy, Anne Lise
Abry, Patrice
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Statistics & Probability Letters 64 (2003) 147Â157 Can continuous-time stationary stable processes = {X (t)}tR is a continuous-time strictly -stable, (0; 2), process which is stationary, that is implications. Theorem 1.1. A continuous-time strictly -stable stationary process X = {X (t)}tR with (0; 2) has
Applied Probability Trust (21 October 2008) CONTINUOUS-STATE BRANCHING PROCESSES AND SELF-SIMILARITY
Applied Probability Trust (21 October 2008) CONTINUOUS-STATE BRANCHING PROCESSES AND SELF study the -stable continuous-state branching processes (for (1, 2]) and the latter process conditioned of the Lamperti transformation for continuous state branching processes and the Lamperti transformation
Minimum Bit Error Probability of Large Randomly Spread MCCDMA Systems in
MÃ¼ller, Ralf R.
Minimum Bit Error Probability of Large Randomly Spread MCÂCDMA Systems in Multipath Rayleigh Fading, to calculate the bit error probaÂ bility in the large system limit for randomly assigned spreading sequences detecÂ tion with is accurate if the number of users and the spreading factor are large. His calculations
Minimum Bit Error Probability of Large Randomly Spread MC-CDMA Systems in
MÃ¼ller, Ralf R.
Minimum Bit Error Probability of Large Randomly Spread MC-CDMA Systems in Multipath Rayleigh Fading, to calculate the bit error proba- bility in the large system limit for randomly assigned spreading sequences detec- tion with is accurate if the number of users and the spreading factor are large. His calculations
MATH 4452 (Ng/Spring 2012) Conditional Probability and Exponential distribution.
Ng, Peh H.
minutes? 4. Suppose that the amount of time that a lightbulb works before burning itself out is expo- nentially distributed with mean ten minutes. Suppose a person enters a room in which a lightbulb is burning work without the lightbulb burning out? What can be said about this probability if the distribution
The Information-Outage Probability of Finite-Length Codes over AWGN Channels
Valenti, Matthew C.
The Information-Outage Probability of Finite-Length Codes over AWGN Channels David Buckingham and Matthew C. Valenti Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering West Virginia University March 19, 2008 Buckingham and Valenti ( Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
The Approximation of Outage Probability and the Trade-off between Capacity and Diversity for the
Scharf, Louis
The Approximation of Outage Probability and the Trade-off between Capacity and Diversity for the Frequency-Selective Channel Zhifei Fan Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO 80523 Email: fanz@engr.colostate.edu Louis Scharf Department of Electrical
Racing Multi-Objective Selection Probabilities G. Marceau-Caron1,2
Boyer, Edmond
Racing Multi-Objective Selection Probabilities G. Marceau-Caron1,2 and M. Schoenauer2 1 Thales Air Systems, Rungis, France 2 TAO Project, INRIA Saclay & LRI Paris-Sud University, Orsay, France {marc.schoenauer,gaetan.marceau Solving from Nature, Ljubljana : Slovenia (2014)" #12;2 Gaétan Marceau-Caron et al. preferences
What is the Probability of Receiving a US Patent?* Michael Carley
Sekhon, Jasjeet S.
1 What is the Probability of Receiving a US Patent?* Michael Carley , Deepak Hegde,§ and Alan Marco** January 10, 2014 ABSTRACT We follow the prosecution histories of the 2.15 million new patent applications filed at the US Patent and Trademark Office between 1996 and 2005 to calculate patent allowance rates
NASA/TM-2012-217357 Probability of Causation for Space Radiation
Rathbun, Julie A.
NASA/TM-2012-217357 Probability of Causation for Space Radiation Carcinogenesis following International Space Station, Near Earth Asteroid, and Mars Missions Francis A. Cucinotta NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Sciences Houston, Texas February 2012 #12;THE NASA STI PROGRAM OFFICE . . . IN PROFILE Since its founding
A general method for the computation of probabilities in systems of first order chemical reactions
Djuriæ, Petar M.
A general method for the computation of probabilities in systems of first order chemical reactions for the computation of molecular population distributions in a system of first-order chemical reactions. The method to model the chemical reactions in a stochastic way rather than with the traditional differential equations
WHAT DOES really REALLY MEAN?: EVIDENCE, STANDARDS AND PROBABILITY IN DIALOGUE
Pennsylvania, University of
WHAT DOES really REALLY MEAN?: EVIDENCE, STANDARDS AND PROBABILITY IN DIALOGUE Catherine Lai gradable beliefs in dialogue? ·How does this relate to other uses of degrees and standards? Really background. What counts as evidence depends on the contextual standard. Really Raising Standards The blue
NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS HYDRO 39 PROBABLE MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION FOR THE UPPER
NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS HYDRO 39 PROBABLE MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION FOR THE UPPER DEERFIELD RIVER The Office of Hydrology (HYDRO) of the National Weather Service (NWS) develops procedures for making river agencies, and conducts pertinent research and development. NOAA Technical Memorandums in the NWS HYDRO
LES/probability density function approach for the simulation of an ethanol spray flame
Raman, Venkat
an experimental pilot-stabilized ethanol spray flame. In this particular flame, droplet evaporation occurs awayLES/probability density function approach for the simulation of an ethanol spray flame Colin Heye a, Austin, TX 78712, United States b School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Berdichevsky, Victor
#12;#12;ENGINEERING COURSE DESCRIPTIONS This is an introductory course in probability and statistics for engineering students The goals of this course are to: · Develop skills in analyzing the random and human factors: anthropometry, biomechanics, and information processing. The goal is to enable
Assessment of probability density estimation methods: Parzen window and Finite Gaussian Mixtures
Verleysen, Michel
. Archambeau DICE Université Catholique de Louvain Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium archambeau@dice.ucl.ac.be A Catholique de Louvain Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium Verleysen@dice.ucl.ac.be Abstract--Probability Density of a given data set, i.e. a realization of the random variable, and to carry out efficient data mining. When
Math 30440 --Probability and Statistics Spring 2010 first mid-term exam practice problems
Galvin, David
times that he teaches the course), brewing the elixir of life (40% of the times) and creating with a explosion; when he brews the elixir of life, there is a 50% chance of an explosion, and when he creates-explosion smoke, what should he conclude is the probability that he has just missed a demonstration of brewing
Probabilities for a probabilistic network: a case study in oesophageal cancer
Valtorta, Marco
Probabilities for a probabilistic network: a case study in oesophageal cancer L.C. van der Gaaga of Radiation Oncology and Gastroenterology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoekhuis from The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoekhuis, a decision-support system is being
Nature 442, 657-659 (10 August 2006) 1 A probable stellar solution
Korn, Andreas
Nature 442, 657-659 (10 August 2006) 1 A probable stellar solution to the cosmological lithium- sity, Box 515, 75120 Uppsala, Sweden. 2Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of °Arhus, Ny to the composition of the gas from which the stars originated. Giant stars, however, have deep surface convection
Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information
Lim, Teng Joon
Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information Alon Shalev output (MISO) systems. However, these schemes generally require perfect channel information) of a linear zero forcing transmitter, operating in a fading MISO broadcast channel. We consider a rectangular
A Framework to Determine the Probability Density Function for the Output Power of Wind Farms
Liberzon, Daniel
A Framework to Determine the Probability Density Function for the Output Power of Wind Farms Sairaj to the power output of a wind farm while factoring in the availability of the wind turbines in the farm availability model for the wind turbines, we propose a method to determine the wind-farm power output pdf
The No-Boundary Probability for the Universe starting at the top of the hill
Tim Clunan
2007-04-16T23:59:59.000Z
We use the Hartle-Hawking No-Boundary Proposal to make a comparison between the probabilities of the universe starting near, and at, the top of a hill in the effective potential. In the context of top-down cosmology, our calculation finds that the universe doesn't start at the top.
On the Probability and Spatial Distribution of Ocean Surface Currents YOSEF ASHKENAZY
Ashkenazy, Yossi "Yosef"
; Corresponding author address: Yosef Ashkenazy, Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, BIDR, BenOn the Probability and Spatial Distribution of Ocean Surface Currents YOSEF ASHKENAZY Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, BIDR, Ben-Gurion University, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel HEZI GILDOR The Fredy
Impact of approximate oscillation probabilities in the analysis of three neutrino experiments
Cogswell, B K; Ernst, D J
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
As neutrino oscillation data becomes ever more precise, the use of approximate formulae for the oscillation probabilities ${\\mathcal P}_{\\alpha\\beta}$ must be examined to ensure that the approximation is adequate. Here, the oscillation probability ${\\mathcal P}_{ee}$ is investigated in the context of the Daya Bay experiment; the oscillation probability ${\\mathcal P}_{\\mu\\mu}$ is investigated in terms of the T2K disappearance experiment; and the probability ${\\mathcal P}_{\\mu e}$ is investigated in terms of the T2K appearance experiment. Daya Bay requires ${\\mathcal P}_{ee}$ in vacuum and thus the simple analytic formula negates the need for an approximate formula. However, improved data from T2K will soon become sensitive to the hierarchy, and thus require a more careful treatment of that aspect. For the other cases, we choose an expansion by Akhmedov et al. which systematically includes all terms through second order in $\\sin\\theta_{13}$ and in $\\alpha =: \\Delta_{21}/\\Delta_{31}$ ($\\Delta_{jk} =: m^2_j - m^2...
On full groups of non ergodic probability measure preserving equivalence relations
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
On full groups of non ergodic probability measure preserving equivalence relations François Le the topological rank of the full group of an aperiodic pmp equivalence relation to the cost of its ergodic property for full groups of aperiodic equivalence relations, and find a connected metric for which
POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES
Conrad, Brian
POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES BRIAN CONRAD AND MICHAEL MITZENMACHER Abstract. An early result in the history of power laws, due to Miller, concerned the following)/N. Miller proved that in this experiment, the rank-frequency distribution of words follows a power law
Approximations for Bit Error Probabilities in SSMA Communication Systems Using Spreading
Keller, Gerhard
Approximations for Bit Error Probabilities in SSMA Communication Systems Using Spreading Sequences@mi.uni-erlangen.de Abstract-- In previous research, we considered SSMA (spread spectrum multiple access) communication systems of spread spectrum multiple access (SSMA) communication systems, the standard Gaussian approximation (SGA
PABS: A Computer Program to Normalize Emission Probabilities and Calculate Realistic Uncertainties
Caron, D. S.; Browne, E.; Norman, E. B.
2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
The program PABS normalizes relative particle emission probabilities to an absolute scale and calculates the relevant uncertainties on this scale. The program is written in Java using the JDK 1.6 library. For additional information about system requirements, the code itself, and compiling from source, see the README file distributed with this program. The mathematical procedures used are given below.
Phillips, Rob
The Rate of Osmotic Downshock Determines the Survival Probability of Bacterial Mechanosensitive and respond to environmental changes. In bacteria, these channels are be- lieved to protect against an osmotic that the protection provided by MS channels depends strongly on the rate of osmotic change, revealing that, under
Pictures, scenarios or probabilities: how should we portray dangerous climate change?
Hulme, Mike
1 Pictures, scenarios or probabilities: how should we portray dangerous climate change? Professor of East Anglia Prepared for the conference on "Perspectives on dangerous climate change", 28-29 June 2004 University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK Version 16 June 2004 Abstract "Dangerous climate change" has entered
Using Multiple-Valued Logic Decision Diagrams to Model System Threat Probabilities
Manikas, Theodore
Using Multiple-Valued Logic Decision Diagrams to Model System Threat Probabilities Theodore W importance. To effectively address both natural and intentional threats to large systems, the threats must be cataloged and analyzed. Extremely large and complex systems can have an accordingly large number of threat
Modeling System Threat Probabilities Using Mixed-Radix Multiple-Valued Logic Decision
Thornton, Mitchell
Modeling System Threat Probabilities Using Mixed-Radix Multiple-Valued Logic Decision Diagrams securing systems from both natural and intentional threats. Extremely large and complex systems can have an ac- cordingly large number of threat scenarios, thus simply listing the threats and devising
Lanterman, Aaron
, such as Lockheed Martin's Silent Sentry system, have a number of advantages over conventional ac- tive radar and Velocity Measurements Martin Tobias and Aaron D. Lanterman School of Electrical and Computer Engineering@ece.gatech.edu Keywords-- Multitarget Tracking, Probability Hypothesis Density, Passive Radar, Sensor Fusion, Passive
Statistical theory of interior-exterior transition and collision probabilities for
Ross, Shane
Statistical theory of interior-exterior transition and collision probabilities for minor bodies to exhibit a complicated array of behaviors such as transition between the interior and exterior Hill. The stable and unstable invariant manifold tubes associated to libration point orbits are the phase space
Posterior Probability Estimation Techniques Embedded in a Bayes Filter for Vibration-based
Zell, Andreas
Posterior Probability Estimation Techniques Embedded in a Bayes Filter for Vibration-based Terrain Classification Philippe Komma and Andreas Zell Abstract Vibration signals acquired during robot traversal provide] or ladar sensors [15, 10] can be employed. Recently, several researchers considered vehicle vibrations
Outage Probability for Joint Processing Coordinated Multi-Point (JP-CoMP) Performance
Coupechoux, Marceau
Outage Probability for Joint Processing Coordinated Multi-Point (JP-CoMP) Performance Analysis Seminar 09 Mar. 2011 M. Coupechoux (TPT) Outage Prob. for JP-CoMP 09 Mar. 2011 1 / 48 #12;LTE and LTE Nets CoMP Figure: Evolution of the 3GPP Standards. M. Coupechoux (TPT) Outage Prob. for JP-CoMP 09 Mar
Information Outage Probability of Orthogonal Space-Time Block Codes over Hoyt Distributed
Rontogiannis, Athanasios A.
Information Outage Probability of Orthogonal Space-Time Block Codes over Hoyt Distributed Fading,tronto,mathio} @space.noa.gr Abstract- In this paper the information outage probabil- ity (IOP) of orthogonal space telecommunications applications. For instance, in [4] this model has been used in outage analysis of cellular mobile
The exact probability distribution of saturating states in random sequential adsorption
Masatomo Iwasa; Kyohei Fukuda
2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the non-overlapping irreversible random sequential adsorption (RSA) process on one-dimensional finite line, which is known also as the car parking process. The probability of each coverage in saturating states is analytically and exactly obtained. In the derivation, a new representation of states in RSA process is introduced, which effectively works to make the calculation clear and simple.
A PFMIPv6 Scheme Based on Handover Failure Probability for Mobile Nodes
Jang, Ju-Wook
cost problem. This is due to Handover Initiate (HI) and/or Handover Acknowledge (HAck) message exchange a new PFMIPv6 scheme which employs the handover failure probability (to be determined by speed scheme is more efficient in choosing MAG with 47% reduction of handover latencies, 34% reduction
Reply to Powell and Cocke: On the probability of catastrophic damage to
Jaramillo, Paulina
LETTER Reply to Powell and Cocke: On the probability of catastrophic damage to offshore wind farms to assess risk to offshore wind farms. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 10.1073/pnas.1206189109. 2. Rose S, Jaramillo on the hurricane risk to offshore wind turbines (2), we have reviewed and updated some of our analysis. However
Probability distributions for offshore wind speeds Eugene C. Morgan a,*, Matthew Lackner b
Vogel, Richard M.
Probability distributions for offshore wind speeds Eugene C. Morgan a,*, Matthew Lackner b Wind turbine energy output Weibull distribution Extreme wind a b s t r a c t In planning offshore wind farms, short-term wind speeds play a central role in estimating various engi- neering parameters
Increased Hot-Plate Ignition Probability for Nanoparticle-Laden Diesel Fuel
Pacheco, Jose Rafael
Increased Hot-Plate Ignition Probability for Nanoparticle-Laden Diesel Fuel Himanshu Tyagi, Patrick April 2, 2008 ABSTRACT The present study attempts to improve the ignition properties of diesel fuel by investigating the influence of adding aluminum and aluminum oxide nanoparticles to diesel. As part of this study
Regression of Multicomponent Sticking Probabilities Using a Genetic Algorithm Ian J. Laurenzi*
Regression of Multicomponent Sticking Probabilities Using a Genetic Algorithm Ian J. LaurenziVania, Philadelphia, PennsylVania 19104 A genetic algorithm (GA) was developed for the purpose of regressing processes were then simulated under physiological conditions via Monte Carlo. The GA successfully regressed
FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS OF GRB 110625A
Tam, P. H. T.; Kong, A. K. H. [Institute of Astronomy and Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Fan Yizhong, E-mail: phtam@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)
2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) that emit photons at GeV energies form a small but significant population of GRBs. However, the number of GRBs whose GeV-emitting period is simultaneously observed in X-rays remains small. We report {gamma}-ray observations of GRB 110625A using Fermi's Large Area Telescope in the energy range 100 MeV-20 GeV. Gamma-ray emission at these energies was clearly detected using data taken between 180 s and 580 s after the burst, an epoch after the prompt emission phase. The GeV light curve differs from a simple power-law decay, and probably consists of two emission periods. Simultaneous Swift X-Ray Telescope observations did not show flaring behaviors as in the case of GRB 100728A. We discuss the possibility that the GeV emission is the synchrotron self-Compton radiation of underlying ultraviolet flares.
SEVERE WEATHER EXPLOSION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Alert people in the immediate area to
Karonis, Nicholas T.
SEVERE WEATHER EXPLOSION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS EVACUATE · Alert people in the immediate area producing devices · Do not try to locate the source of the explosion · Evacuate and move to designated as OUTAGE EVALUATE · Remain calm and move cautiously to a lighted area · If the fire alarm sounds or upon
A Dimensionless Model for Predicting the Mass-Transfer Area of Structured Packing
Eldridge, R. Bruce
area Introduction Packing is commonly used in absorption and distillation columns to promote efficient structured packings was measured in a 0.427 m ID column via absorption of CO2 from air into 0.1 kmol/m3 Na structured packing area model is especially critical for the analysis and design of these processes. Wang et
Solar Energy Study Areas in Colorado Map Prepared June 5, 2009
Laughlin, Robert B.
Solar Energy Study Areas in Colorado Map Prepared June 5, 2009 State Line County Boundary Solar and Implement Agency-Specific Programs for Solar Energy Development Platoro Reservoir Alamosa National Wildlife Energy Study Area (As of 6/5/2009) Existing Designated Corridor (See Note 2) (As of 6/5/2009) BLM Lands
Computation & design for nanophotonics
Oskooi, Ardavan F
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The versatility of computational design as an alternative to design by nanofabrication has made computers a reliable design tool in nanophotonics. Given that almost any 2d pattern can be fabricated at infrared length scales, ...
Kieval, Tamar S. (Tamar Shoshana), 1980-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Blast design is a necessary part of design for more buildings in the United States. Blast design is no longer limited to underground shelters and sensitive military sites, buildings used by the general public daily must ...
Gross, Louis J.
Drug testing example for conditional probability Suppose that a drug test for an illegal drug is the probability that the tested individual uses this illegal drug? What is the probability of a false positive
Implementing Safeguards-by-Design
Trond Bjornard; Robert Bean; Phillip Casey Durst; John Hockert; James Morgan
2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Executive Summary Excerpt Safeguards-by-Design (SBD) is an approach to the design and construction of nuclear facilities whereby safeguards are designed-in from the very beginning. It is a systematic and structured approach for fully integrating international and national safeguards (MC&A), physical security, and other proliferation barriers into the design and construction process for nuclear facilities. SBD is primarily a project management or project coordination challenge, and this report focuses on that aspect of SBD. The present report continues the work begun in 2008 and focuses specifically on the design process, or project management and coordination - the planning, definition, organization, coordination, scheduling and interaction of activities of the safeguards experts and stakeholders as they participate in the design and construction of a nuclear facility. It delineates the steps in a nuclear facility design and construction project, in order to provide the project context within which the safeguards design activities take place, describes the involvement of safeguards experts in the design process, the nature of their analyses, interactions and decisions, as well as describing the documents created and how they are used. Designing and constructing a nuclear facility is an extremely complex undertaking. The stakeholders in an actual project are many – owner, operator, State regulators, nuclear facility primary contractor, subcontractors (e.g. instrument suppliers), architect engineers, project management team, safeguards, safety and security experts, in addition to the IAEA and its team. The purpose of the present report is to provide a common basis for discussions amongst stakeholders to collaboratively develop a SBD approach that will be both practically useful and mutually beneficial. The principal conclusions from the present study are: • In the short term, the successful implementation of SBD is principally a project management problem. • Life-cycle cost analysis can be a useful tool in safeguards design. • An important obstacle to straight forward application of life-cycle cost analysis is that there is no single organization responsible for the entire life-cycle cost of the facility. • The Safeguards Effectiveness Report (SGER) is proposed as a focus for the safeguards design activities, and is intended to be a living document that contains increasing safeguards relevant scope and content as the facility design emerges. Further work is required in a number of areas. The authors note that other studies supported by NGSI are addressing the development of requirements and performance criteria, as well as contributing to the design toolkit through the development of technology, methodology, and safeguards guidelines for designers. With respect to further development of the SBD design process, the authors recommend: • In the short term, conduct a workshop with interested industry representatives, to ensure that their perspectives and needs are factored into further development. • In the short term, provide NGSI SBD project documents to IAEA, and support them in the conduct of an ‘SBD Workshop II.” • In the medium term, continue to support the SBD demonstration work started with the Next Generation Nuclear Plant project. • In the longer term, conduct further studies to examine the integration of SBD into projects with concurrent consideration of physical security and safety.
Tanks focus area. Annual report
Frey, J.
1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management is tasked with a major remediation project to treat and dispose of radioactive waste in hundreds of underground storage tanks. These tanks contain about 90,000,000 gallons of high-level and transuranic wastes. We have 68 known or assumed leaking tanks, that have allowed waste to migrate into the soil surrounding the tank. In some cases, the tank contents have reacted to form flammable gases, introducing additional safety risks. These tanks must be maintained in the safest possible condition until their eventual remediation to reduce the risk of waste migration and exposure to workers, the public, and the environment. Science and technology development for safer, more efficient, and cost-effective waste treatment methods will speed up progress toward the final remediation of these tanks. The DOE Office of Environmental Management established the Tanks Focus Area to serve as the DOE-EM`s technology development program for radioactive waste tank remediation in partnership with the Offices of Waste Management and Environmental Restoration. The Tanks Focus Area is responsible for leading, coordinating, and facilitating science and technology development to support remediation at DOE`s four major tank sites: the Hanford Site in Washington State, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory in Idaho, Oak Ridge Reservation in Tennessee, and the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. The technical scope covers the major functions that comprise a complete tank remediation system: waste retrieval, waste pretreatment, waste immobilization, tank closure, and characterization of both the waste and tank. Safety is integrated across all the functions and is a key component of the Tanks Focus Area program.
Texas Area | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorks - As Prepared forChoiceNEG Micon A SInformation formTME SpainArea Jump to: navigation,
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default Sign In About |ASSEMBLY0987P TransportationStatus of theInner Area
Personal Background andPersonal Background and AreasAreas ofof InterestInterest
Boehning, Dankmar
General Topics CurrentCurrent AreasAreas ofof InterestInterest ResearchResearch AreasAreas inin Preperation InterestInterest ResearchResearch AreasAreas inin PreperationPreperation #12;Personal BackgroundHistory BesidesBesides cooperatingcooperating inin severalseveral projectsprojects in SEin SE AsiaAsia oneone
Franta, G.; Baylin, F.; Crowther, R.; Dubin, F.; Grace, A., Griffith, J.W.; Holtz, M.; Kutscher, C.; Nordham, D.; Selkowitz, S.; Villecco, M.
1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
This Solar Design Workbook presents solar building design applications for commercial buildir^s. The book is divided into four sections. The first section describes the variety of solar applications in buildings including conservation aspects, solar fundamentals, passive systems, active systems, daylighting, and other solar options. Solar system design evaluation techniques including considerations for building energy requirements, passive systems, active systems, and economics are presented in Section II. The third section attempts to assist the designer in the building design process for energy conservation and solar applications including options and considerations for pre-design, design, and post-design phases. The information required for the solar design proee^ has not been fully developed at this time. Therefore, Section III is incomplete, but an overview of the considerations with some of the design proces elements is presented. Section IV illustrates ease studies that utilize solar applications in the building design.
Lake Charles Urbanized Area MTP 2034
Lake Charles Urbanized Area Metropolitan Planning Organization
2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
Lake Charles Urbanized Area MTP 2034 The 2034 Metropolitan Transportation Plan for the Lake Charles Urbanized Area Developed for: The Lake Charles Urbanized Area Metropolitan Planning Organization And The Louisiana... Department of Transportation and Development Developed by: In Association with Adopted August 4, 2009 This document was prepared in cooperation with: The Lake Charles Urbanized Area MPO Technical Advisory Committee...
Geothermal resource evaluation of the Yuma area
Poluianov, E.W.; Mancini, F.P.
1985-11-29T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents an evaluation of the geothermal potential of the Yuma, Arizona area. A description of the study area and the Salton Trough area is followed by a geothermal analysis of the area, a discussion of the economics of geothermal exploration and exploitation, and recommendations for further testing. It was concluded economic considerations do not favor geothermal development at this time. (ACR)
Faculty of Engineering Institute of Design, Robotics
Haase, Markus
Faculty of Engineering Institute of Design, Robotics and Optimisation (iDRO) #12;Contents 01 Introduction 02 Bio-Mechatronics and Robotics 03ExplorationRobotics 05Rehabilitation Introduction The three primary areas of our activity are: Bio-Mechatronic & Robotics Theoretical
Low Energy Office: Design and Evaluation
Schrag, T.; Waldhoff, C.; Radler, J.; Lenzen, B.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The new government building with ca. 14.000 m2 gross floor area in Innsbruck/Tirol was designed as a low energy office building. As little technical installations as possible and as much room comfort as achievable: These were the two goals, set...
Whattam, J.W.
1994-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
This report was prepared to discuss the alternatives available for removing the 300 Area overhead signal cable system. This system, installed in 1969, has been used for various monitoring and communication signaling needs throughout the 300 Area. Over the years this cabling system has deteriorated, has been continually reconfigured, and has been poorly documented to the point of nonreliability. The first step was to look at the systems utilizing the overhead signal cable that are still required for operation. Of the ten systems that once operated via the signal cable, only five are still required; the civil defense evacuation alarms, the public address (PA) system, the criticality alarms, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory Facilities Management Control System (FMCS), and the 384 annunciator panel. Of these five, the criticality alarms and the FMCS have been dealt with under other proposals. Therefore, this study focused on the alternatives available for the remaining three systems (evacuation alarms, PA system, and 384 panel) plus the accountability aid phones. Once the systems to be discussed were determined, then three alternatives for providing the signaling pathway were examined for each system: (1) re-wire using underground communication ducts, (2) use the Integrated Voice/Data Telecommunications System (IVDTS) already installed and operated by US West, and (3) use radio control. Each alternative was developed with an estimated cost, advantages, and disadvantages. Finally, a recommendation was provided for the best alternative for each system.
Bluetooth/WLAN receiver design methodology and IC implementations
Emira, Ahmed Ahmed Eladawy
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Emerging technologies such as Bluetooth and 802.11b (Wi-Fi) have fuelled the growth of the short-range communication industry. Bluetooth, the leading WPAN (wireless personal area network) technology, was designed primarily for cable replacement...
REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS Designing Solutions for Poverty Competition (Spring 2015)
Bao, Lichun
REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS Designing Solutions for Poverty Competition (Spring to a real world, poverty-related problem in areas such as financial inclusion, energy with research and knowledge of poverty- alleviation, development, and the social sciences
Applications of Computer Modelling to Fire Safety Design
Torero, Jose L; Steinhaus, Thomas
Tools in support of fire safety engineering design have proliferated in the last few years due to the increased performance of computers. These tools are currently being used in a generalized manner in areas such as egress, ...
High Performance Interconnect System Design for Future Chip Multiprocessors
Wang, Lei
2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
constraints of power and area, and provide ultra low latencies and high throughput. In this research, we explore different techniques to design high performance NOC. First, existing NOCs mostly use Dimension Order Routing (DOR) to determine the route taken...
On the design of lithographic interferometers and their application
Walsh, Michael E. (Michael Edward), 1975-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Interference lithography is presented as an ideal technique for fabricating large-area periodic structures with sub-100nm dimensions. A variety of interferometer designs are discussed and implemented, each of which emphasizes ...
French, Sean B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shuman, Rob [WPS: WASTE PROJECTS AND SERVICES
2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z
As a condition to the Disposal Authorization Statement issued to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL or the Laboratory) on March 17, 2010, a comprehensive performance assessment and composite analysis maintenance program must be implemented for the Technical Area 54, Area G disposal facility. Annual determinations of the adequacy of the performance assessment and composite analysis are to be conducted under the maintenance program to ensure that the conclusions reached by those analyses continue to be valid. This report summarizes the results of the fiscal year 2011 annual review for Area G. Revision 4 of the Area G performance assessment and composite analysis was issued in 2008 and formally approved in 2009. These analyses are expected to provide reasonable estimates of the long-term performance of Area G and, hence, the disposal facility's ability to comply with Department of Energy (DOE) performance objectives. Annual disposal receipt reviews indicate that smaller volumes of waste will require disposal in the pits and shafts at Area G relative to what was projected for the performance assessment and composite analysis. The future inventories are projected to decrease modestly for the pits but increase substantially for the shafts due to an increase in the amount of tritium that is projected to require disposal. Overall, however, changes in the projected future inventories of waste are not expected to compromise the ability of Area G to satisfy DOE performance objectives. The Area G composite analysis addresses potential impacts from all waste disposed of at the facility, as well as other sources of radioactive material that may interact with releases from Area G. The level of knowledge about the other sources included in the composite analysis has not changed sufficiently to call into question the validity of that analysis. Ongoing environmental surveillance activities are conducted at, and in the vicinity of, Area G. However, the information generated by many of these activities cannot be used to evaluate the validity of the performance assessment and composite analysis models because the monitoring data collected are specific to operational releases or address receptors that are outside the domain of the performance assessment and composite analysis. In general, applicable monitoring data are supportive of some aspects of the performance assessment and composite analysis. Several research and development (R and D) efforts have been initiated under the performance assessment and composite analysis maintenance program. These investigations are designed to improve the current understanding of the disposal facility and site, thereby reducing the uncertainty associated with the projections of the long-term performance of Area G. The status and results of R and D activities that were undertaken in fiscal year 2011 are discussed in this report. Special analyses have been conducted to determine the feasibility of disposing of specific waste streams, to address proposed changes in disposal operations, and to consider the impacts of changes to the models used to conduct the performance assessment and composite analysis. These analyses are described and the results of the evaluations are summarized in this report. The Area G disposal facility consists of Material Disposal Area (MDA) G and the Zone 4 expansion area. To date, all disposal operations at Area G have been confined to MDA G. Material Disposal Area G is scheduled to undergo final closure in 2015; disposal of waste in the pits and shafts is scheduled to end in 2013. In anticipation of the closure of MDA G, plans are being made to ship the majority of the waste generated at LANL to off-site locations for disposal. It is not clear at this time if waste that will be disposed of at LANL will be placed in Zone 4 or if disposal operations will move to a new location at the Laboratory. Separately, efforts to optimize the final cover used in the closure of MDA G are underway; a final cover design different than that adopted for the performance assessment and composite analy
Glowinski, Roland
Nanotechnology Nanotechnology comprises measurement, design, modeling and fabrication of materials are able to customize their education by specializing in areas such as nanotechnology, computational
None
2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z
GENI Project: Sandia National Laboratories is working with several commercial and university partners to develop software for market management systems (MMSs) that enable greater use of renewable energy sources throughout the grid. MMSs are used to securely and optimally determine which energy resources should be used to service energy demand across the country. Contributions of electricity to the grid from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are intermittent, introducing complications for MMSs, which have trouble accommodating the multiple sources of price and supply uncertainties associated with bringing these new types of energy into the grid. Sandia’s software will bring a new, probability-based formulation to account for these uncertainties. By factoring in various probability scenarios for electricity production from renewable energy sources in real time, Sandia’s formula can reduce the risk of inefficient electricity transmission, save ratepayers money, conserve power, and support the future use of renewable energy.
Representation of quantum states as points in a probability simplex associated to a SIC-POVM
Jose Ignacio Rosado
2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
The quantum state of a $d$-dimensional system can be represented by the $d^2$ probabilities corresponding to a SIC-POVM, and then this distribution of probability can be represented by a vector of $\\R^{d^2-1}$ in a simplex, we will call this set of vectors $\\mathcal{Q}$. Other way of represent a $d$-dimensional system is by the corresponding Bloch vector also in $\\R^{d^2-1}$, we will call this set of vectors $\\mathcal{B}$. In this paper it is proved that with the adequate scaling $\\mathcal{B}=\\mathcal{Q}$. Also we indicate some features of the shape of $\\mathcal{Q}$.
A probability current analysis of energy transport in open quantum systems
Jan J. J. Roden; K. Birgitta Whaley
2015-01-24T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a probability current analysis of excitation energy transfer between states of an open quantum system. Expressing the energy transfer through currents of excitation probability between the states in a site representation enables us to gain key insights into the energy transfer dynamics. It allows to, i) identify the pathways of energy transport in large networks of sites and to quantify their relative weights, ii) quantify the respective contributions of unitary dynamics, dephasing, and relaxation/dissipation processes to the energy transfer, and iii) quantify the contribution of coherence to the energy transfer. Our analysis is general and can be applied to a broad range of open quantum system descriptions (with coupling to non-Markovian environments) in a straightforward manner.
Large area atmospheric-pressure plasma jet
Selwyn, Gary S. (Los Alamos, NM); Henins, Ivars (Los Alamos, NM); Babayan, Steve E. (Huntington Beach, CA); Hicks, Robert F. (Los Angeles, CA)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Large area atmospheric-pressure plasma jet. A plasma discharge that can be operated at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature using 13.56 MHz rf power is described. Unlike plasma torches, the discharge produces a gas-phase effluent no hotter than 250.degree. C. at an applied power of about 300 W, and shows distinct non-thermal characteristics. In the simplest design, two planar, parallel electrodes are employed to generate a plasma in the volume therebetween. A "jet" of long-lived metastable and reactive species that are capable of rapidly cleaning or etching metals and other materials is generated which extends up to 8 in. beyond the open end of the electrodes. Films and coatings may also be removed by these species. Arcing is prevented in the apparatus by using gas mixtures containing He, which limits ionization, by using high flow velocities, and by properly spacing the rf-powered electrode. Because of the atmospheric pressure operation, there is a negligible density of ions surviving for a sufficiently long distance beyond the active plasma discharge to bombard a workpiece, unlike the situation for low-pressure plasma sources and conventional plasma processing methods.
The KTY formalism and nonadiabatic contributions to the neutrino oscillation probability
Yasuda, Osamu
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown how to obtain the analytical expression for the effective mixing angle in matter using the formalism which was developed by Kimura, Takamura and Yokomakura. If the baseline of the neutrino path is long enough so that averaging over rapid oscillations is a good approximation, then with the help of Landau's method, the nonadiabatic contribution to the oscillation probability can be expressed analytically by this formalism. We give two examples in which the present method becomes useful.
The Unreasonable Success of Quantum Probability I: Quantum Measurements as Uniform Fluctuations
Diederik Aerts; Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi
2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a 'uniform tension-reduction' (UTR) model, which allows to represent the probabilities associated with an arbitrary measurement situation and use it to explain the emergence of quantum probabilities (the Born rule) as 'uniform' fluctuations on this measurement situation. The model exploits the geometry of simplexes to represent the states, in a way that the measurement probabilities can be derived as the 'Lebesgue measure' of suitably defined convex subregions of the simplexes. We consider a very simple and evocative physical realization of the abstract model, using a material point particle which is acted upon by elastic membranes, which by breaking and collapsing produce the different possible outcomes. This easy to visualize mechanical realization allows one to gain considerable insight into the possible hidden structure of an arbitrary measurement process. We also show that the UTR-model can be further generalized into a 'general tension-reduction' (GTR) model, describing conditions of lack of knowledge generated by 'non-uniform' fluctuations. In this ampler framework, particularly suitable to describe experiments in cognitive science, we define and motivate a notion of 'universal measurement', describing the most general possible condition of lack of knowledge in a measurement, emphasizing that the uniform fluctuations characterizing quantum measurements can also be understood as an average over all possible forms of non-uniform fluctuations which can be actualized in a measurement context. This means that the Born rule of quantum mechanics can be understood as a first order approximation of a more general non-uniform theory, thus explaining part of the great success of quantum probability in the description of different domains of reality. This is the first part of a two-part article.
Singh, Chandralekha
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have been investigating the difficulties that students in upper-level undergraduate courses have in determining the probability distribution for measuring energy and position as a function of time when the initial wave function is explicitly given. We administered written free-response and multiple-choice questions to investigate these difficulties. We find that students have common difficulties with these concepts. We discuss some of the findings.
is transforming the ways in which we perceive, use, and are affected by technology. While these changes might, and can more and more act as people. A Rapidly Changing Market Due to their `connectedness', consumers of beta-versions of new products, which are launched in small test markets to learn about market needs
Unbounded entanglement can be needed to achieve the optimal success probability
Laura Man?inska; Thomas Vidick
2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum entanglement is known to provide a strong advantage in many two-party distributed tasks. We investigate the question of how much entanglement is needed to reach optimal performance. For the first time we show that there exists a purely classical scenario for which no finite amount of entanglement suffices. To this end we introduce a simple two-party nonlocal game $H$, inspired by Lucien Hardy's paradox. In our game each player has only two possible questions and can provide bit strings of any finite length as answer. We exhibit a sequence of strategies which use entangled states in increasing dimension $d$ and succeed with probability $1-O(d^{-c})$ for some $c\\geq 0.13$. On the other hand, we show that any strategy using an entangled state of local dimension $d$ has success probability at most $1-\\Omega(d^{-2})$. In addition, we show that any strategy restricted to producing answers in a set of cardinality at most $d$ has success probability at most $1-\\Omega(d^{-2})$. Finally, we generalize our construction to derive similar results starting from any game $G$ with two questions per player and finite answers sets in which quantum strategies have an advantage.
Sellers, David; Friedman, Hannah; Haasl, Tudi; Bourassa, Norman; Piette, Mary Ann
2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The ''Control System Design Guide'' (Design Guide) provides methods and recommendations for the control system design process and control point selection and installation. Control systems are often the most problematic system in a building. A good design process that takes into account maintenance, operation, and commissioning can lead to a smoothly operating and efficient building. To this end, the Design Guide provides a toolbox of templates for improving control system design and specification. HVAC designers are the primary audience for the Design Guide. The control design process it presents will help produce well-designed control systems that achieve efficient and robust operation. The spreadsheet examples for control valve schedules, damper schedules, and points lists can streamline the use of the control system design concepts set forth in the Design Guide by providing convenient starting points from which designers can build. Although each reader brings their own unique questions to the text, the Design Guide contains information that designers, commissioning providers, operators, and owners will find useful.
) of the global NEP for the years 1980, 1990 and 2000. The blue curves represent the PDFs of the ensemble members (NEP). Finally, we combine all probability density functions (PDFs) for NEP to obtain the overall the full probability distribution of the global NEP. Although, the individual PDFs are Gaussian
Designing Asynchronous Microprocessors Design Process Overview
Martin, Alain
) Parallel CHP Parallel CHP Sequential CHP informal translation ISA process decomposition process decomposition compilation #15; Design process is a sequence of provably correct transformations. #15; First CHP the CHP decomposition. #15; The design style tends to em- phasize concurrency issues. 2 #12; Sequential
Anabranching As A Novel Restoration Design To Reduce Aquatic Pollution
aquatic nutrients and increase residence time At Hydraulic Loads (cm) between 30-50% Total N and 20.H. and S.D. Wallace. 2009. Treatment Wetlands, 2nd ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Walter, R.C., Merritts, D Hydraulic Load = 50 cm Design Wetland Area = Runoff / Hydraulic Load Wetland Area ~ 1.07 ha #12;
Use of Solid Hydride Fuel for Improved long-Life LWR Core Designs
Greenspan, E
2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The primary objective of this project was to assess the feasibility of improving the performance of PWR and BWR cores by using solid hydride fuels instead of the commonly used oxide fuel. The primary measure of performance considered is the bus-bar cost of electricity (COE). Additional performance measures considered are safety, fuel bundle design simplicity – in particular for BWR’s, and plutonium incineration capability. It was found that hydride fuel can safely operate in PWR’s and BWR’s without restricting the linear heat generation rate of these reactors relative to that attainable with oxide fuel. A couple of promising applications of hydride fuel in PWR’s and BWR’s were identified: (1) Eliminating dedicated water moderator volumes in BWR cores thus enabling to significantly increase the cooled fuel rods surface area as well as the coolant flow cross section area in a given volume fuel bundle while significantly reducing the heterogeneity of BWR fuel bundles thus achieving flatter pin-by-pin power distribution. The net result is a possibility to significantly increase the core power density – on the order of 30% and, possibly, more, while greatly simplifying the fuel bundle design. Implementation of the above modifications is, though, not straightforward; it requires a design of completely different control system that could probably be implemented only in newly designed plants. It also requires increasing the coolant pressure drop across the core. (2) Recycling plutonium in PWR’s more effectively than is possible with oxide fuel by virtue of a couple of unique features of hydride fuel – reduced inventory of U-238 and increased inventory of hydrogen. As a result, the hydride fuelled core achieves nearly double the average discharge burnup and the fraction of the loaded Pu it incinerates in one pass is double that of the MOX fuel. The fissile fraction of the Pu in the discharged hydride fuel is only ~2/3 that of the MOX fuel and the discharged hydride fuel is more proliferation resistant. Preliminary feasibility assessment indicates that by replacing some of the ZrH1.6 by ThH2 it will be possible to further improve the plutonium incineration capability of PWR’s. Other possibly promising applications of hydride fuel were identified but not evaluated in this work. A number of promising oxide fueled PWR core designs were also found as spin-offs of this study: (1) The optimal oxide fueled PWR core design features smaller fuel rod diameter of D=6.5 mm and a larger pitch-to-diameter ratio of P/D=1.39 than presently practiced by industry – 9.5mm and 1.326. This optimal design can provide a 30% increase in the power density and a 24% reduction in the cost of electricity (COE) provided the PWR could be designed to have the coolant pressure drop across the core increased from the reference 29 psia to 60 psia. (2) Using wire wrapped oxide fuel rods in hexagonal fuel assemblies it is possible to design PWR cores to operate at 54% higher power density than the reference PWR design that uses grid spacers and a square lattice, provided 60 psia coolant pressure drop across the core could be accommodated. Uprating existing PWR’s to use such cores could result in 40% reduction in the COE. The optimal lattice geometry is D = 8.08 mm and P/D = 1.41. The most notable advantages of wire wraps over grid spacers are their significant lower pressure drop, higher critical heat flux and improved vibrations characteristics.
Dawson, Michael
1368 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS, VOL. 20, NO. 8, AUGUST 2009 Simple Artificial Neural phenomenon called probability matching (Vulkan 2000). Here, we show that a simple artificial neural network a simple artificial neural network can vary response strengths in accordance with such probability matching
Jurafsky, Daniel
which have a high unigram, bigram, or reverse bigram (given the following word) probability are shorter probabilities including the unigram and bigram prob- abilities of the target word, as well as the `reverse linear and logistic regression to control for con- textual factors like phonetic context and rate
Jurafsky, Daniel
which have a high unigram, bigram, or reverse bigram (given the following word) probability are shorter probabilities including the unigram and bigram prob abilities of the target word, as well as the `reverse linear and logistic regression to control for con textual factors like phonetic context and rate
Busemeyer, Jerome R.
A skeptic would argue that it is quite a speculative leap to think that quantum probability can be appliedQuantum Model of Question Order Effects 1 Empirical test of a quantum probability model, 154 N. Oval Columbus, OH 43210 voice: (614) 247-8031 #12;Quantum Model of Question Order Effects 2
Poulakakis, Ioannis
Error Probabilities and Threshold Selection in Networked Nuclear Detection Chetan D. Pahlajani analytical bounds on error probabilities in the setting of networked nuclear detection based on a likelihood or radioactive) within a fixed time interval. Exploiting the particular modeling structure of remote nuclear
Sung, Youngchul
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 11, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2012 3561 Outage Probability and Outage-Based Robust Beamforming for MIMO Interference Channels with Imperfect Channel State Information, and H. Vincent Poor Fellow, IEEE Abstract--In this paper, the outage probability and outage- based beam
Loyka, Sergey
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 6, JUNE 2011 1731 On Outage Probability antennas and the relays have a single one. Compact closed-form expressions are obtained for the outage probability under i.i.d. and correlated Rayleigh-fading links. Low-outage approxima- tions are derived, which
Yýlmaz, Özgür
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION 1 Calculating Outage Probability channels present a realistic model in many communication scenarios. We propose a method by which the outage generating functions helps obtain outage probabilities in various cases such as wideband noise jamming
Bowles, David S.
combination of probabilities in quantitative risk analysis. Keywords: dam safety, risk analysis, risk for estimating probabilities in dam safety risk analysis both for assessing the risks associated with an existing in the risk analysis model can have a significant influence on the magnitudes of key inputs to decisions about
Park, Ji-Hyuk
2010-06-13T23:59:59.000Z
Background. 2D analyses produce systematic errors in quantifying anatomical and morphological features in the brain. Design-based stereology overcomes this limitation by applying probability theory, yet many neuroscience ...
Thomas D. Cohen
2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
SU($N_c$) gauge theories containing matter fields may be invariant under transformations of some subgroup of the $\\mathbb{Z}_{N_c}$ center; the maximum such subgroup is $\\mathbb{Z}_{p}$, with $p$ depending on $N_c$ and the representations of the various matter fields in the theory. Confining SU($N_c$) gauge theories in either 3+1 or 2+1 space-time dimensions and with matter fields in any representation have string tensions for representation $R$ given by $\\sigma_R =\\sigma_f \\, \\, \\frac{p_R (p-p_R) \\, \\, g\\left (p_R (p-p_R) \\right )}{(p-1) \\, \\, g(p -1 )} $ with $p_R={n_R \\, \\rm mod}(p)$, where $\\sigma_f $ is the string tension for the fundamental representation, $g$ is a positive finite function and $n_R$ is the n-ality of $R$. This implies that a necessary condition for a theory in this class to have an area law is invariance of the theory under a nontrivial subgroup of the center. Significantly, these results depend on $p$ regardless of the value of $N_c$.
Gregory D. Johnson; Chad W. LeBeau; Ryan Nielsen; Troy Rintz; Jamey Eddy; Matt Holloran
2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
This study was conducted to obtain baseline data on use of the proposed Simpson Ridge Wind Resource Area (SRWRA) in Carbon County, Wyoming by greater sage-grouse. The first two study years were designed to determine pre-construction seasonally selected habitats and population-level vital rates (productivity and survival). The presence of an existing wind energy facility in the project area, the PacifiCorp Seven Mile Hill (SMH) project, allowed us to obtain some information on initial sage-grouse response to wind turbines the first two years following construction. To our knowledge these are the first quantitative data on sage-grouse response to an existing wind energy development. This report presents results of the first two study years (April 1, 2009 through March 30, 2011). This study was selected for continued funding by the National Wind Coordinating Collaborative Sage-Grouse Collaborative (NWCC-SGC) and has been ongoing since March 30, 2011. Future reports summarizing results of this research will be distributed through the NWCC-SGC. To investigate population trends through time, we determined the distribution and numbers of males using leks throughout the study area, which included a 4-mile radius buffer around the SRWRA. Over the 2-year study, 116 female greater sage-grouse were captured by spotlighting and use of hoop nets on roosts surrounding leks during the breeding period. Radio marked birds were located anywhere from twice a week to once a month, depending on season. All radio-locations were classified to season. We developed predictor variables used to predict success of fitness parameters and relative probability of habitat selection within the SRWRA and SMH study areas. Anthropogenic features included paved highways, overhead transmission lines, wind turbines and turbine access roads. Environmental variables included vegetation and topography features. Home ranges were estimated using a kernel density estimator. We developed resource selection functions (RSF) to estimate probability of selection within the SRWRA and SMH. Fourteen active greater sage-grouse leks were documented during lek surveys Mean lek size decreased from 37 in 2008 to 22 in 2010. Four leks located 0.61, 1.3, 1.4 and 2.5 km from the nearest wind turbine remained active throughout the study, but the total number of males counted on these four leks decreased from 162 the first year prior to construction (2008), to 97 in 2010. Similar lek declines were noted in regional leks not associated with wind energy development throughout Carbon County. We obtained 2,659 sage-grouse locations from radio-equipped females, which were used to map use of each project area by season. The sage-grouse populations within both study areas are relatively non-migratory, as radio-marked sage-grouse used similar areas during all annual life cycles. Potential impacts to sage-grouse from wind energy infrastructure are not well understood. The data rom this study provide insight into the early interactions of wind energy infrastructure and sage-grouse. Nest success and brood-rearing success were not statistically different between areas with and without wind energy development in the short-term. Nest success also was not influenced by anthropogenic features such as turbines in the short-term. Additionally, female survival was similar among both study areas, suggesting wind energy infrastructure was not impacting female survival in the short-term; however, further analysis is needed to identify habitats with different levels of risk to better understand the impact of wind enregy development on survival. Nest and brood-rearing habitat selection were not influenced by turbines in the short-term; however, summer habitat selection occurred within habitats closer to wind turbines. Major roads were avoided in both study areas and during most of the seasons. The impact of transmission lines varied among study areas, suggesting other landscape features may be influencing selection. The data provided in this report are preliminary and are not meant to provide a basis for fo
Engineering design factors in flowing electrolyte bipolar batteries
Grimes, P.; Bellows, R.; Malachesky, P.
1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Flowing electrolyte bipolar batteries allow a system designer great flexibility in fitting the batteries to applications. A mathematical model has been developed describing flow battery characteristics to aid the designer. This model can be used to compute the interrelationships of power, energy, volume, number of cells, cell area, capacity, weight, etc. Examples from zinc bromine battery systems are given.
Data mining in design of products and production systems
Kusiak, Andrew
Data mining in design of products and production systems Andrew Kusiak *, Matthew Smith Intelligent Data mining is acquiring its own identity by refining concepts from other disciplines, developing affected by the data mining pursuit. This paper outlines areas of product and manufacturing system design
Electricity Suppliers' Service Area Assignments (Indiana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
To promote efficiency and avoid waste and duplication, rural and unincorporated areas of Indiana are divided into geographic areas, to be assigned to an electricity provider that will have the sole...
Game Preserves and Closed Areas (Montana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Game preserves and closed areas exist within the state of Montana for the protection of all the game animals and birds. Construction and development is limited in these areas. Currently, only three...
Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...
Iceland (Ranalli & Rybach, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location International Geothermal Area Iceland Exploration Technique Geothermal Literature Review Activity Date...
Optimization Online - All Areas Submissions - January 2011
All Areas Submissions - January 2011. Linear, Cone and ... Anders Skajaa, John Bagterp Jørgensen, Per Christian Hansen. Convex and Nonsmooth ...
Geothermal Literature Review At International Geothermal Area...
Italy (Ranalli & Rybach, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location International Geothermal Area Italy Exploration Technique Geothermal Literature Review Activity Date Usefulness...
Considering LEDs for Street and Area Lighting
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
View Jim Brodrick's keynote video from the September 2009 IES Street and Area Lighting Conference in Philadelphia.