YOUR DESIGN PROBABLY NEEDS MORE VDUs
OHARA, J.; BROWN, W.; LEWIS, P.; PERSENSKY, J.
2001-10-08
The most frequent complaint of operators in modern computer-based control rooms is that there just are not enough video display units (VDUs). In this paper we examine the basis for this concern and try to understand the technical and historical reasons for this complaint, and its implications for the design of complex human-machine systems, including the number of VDUs in the control room. The overall aim of our work is to develop human factors guidance for the review of computer-based and modernized control rooms in nuclear power plants. As part of these efforts we have conducted literature reviews and studies using both simulators and actual systems in a broad range of industries, including process control, aerospace, medical, and others. Our findings reflect the general complaint of operators across all these industries: there just are not enough VDUs in the control room. We conclude that there are three primary reasons for this complaint. First, as part of a workload management strategy, operators frequently avoid interface management tasks and do not access all the information available, preferring instead to use a fixed set of familiar displays that provide much (but not all) of the information needed. Performance thereby becomes data limited and operators complain that they do not have a sufficient number of VDUs to set up in the early phases of a high-workload period so they can get all the information they need. Second, display designs are typically not designed with operator tasks in mind. The most common method of representing information is by functions and systems. Since tasks typically cut across many systems, operators need many displays. Thus, to make task performance easier operators need additional VDUs. Finally, there is a differing ''concept of operations'' between designers and operators. Modern computer-based control rooms are designed with vast amounts of data, available through hundreds of displays, viewed by the operator through a limited number of display devices. Designers expect that operators will use the flexibility of the computer-based interfaces to configure them in such a way that they are ideally tailored to the unique demands of the current situation. However, operators usually do not do that and instead configure the interfaces in a spatially dedicated way. Thus, while the number of VDUs may seem reasonable to the designer, it is not to the operator who is attempting to minimize the interface management aspects of workload. The implications of these findings for design are discussed in terms of the need for a method for determining the number of displays, task-relevant displays, data-dense displays, and enhanced interface management design and training.
DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National...
Corridors DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors October 2, 2007 - 2:50pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department...
Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in BPA Control Area: Task 2 Report
Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Brothers, Alan J.; Jin, Shuangshuang
2009-09-18
Task report detailing low probability tail event analysis and mitigation in BPA control area. Tail event refers to the situation in a power system when unfavorable forecast errors of load and wind are superposed onto fast load and wind ramps, or non-wind generators falling short of scheduled output, causing the imbalance between generation and load to become very significant.
GENERAL EDUCATION COURSES AREA DESIGNATIONS CRITERIA AND GOALS
GENERAL EDUCATION COURSES AREA DESIGNATIONS CRITERIA AND GOALS (revised July 2003, accepted March to receive that designation. ANALYTICAL AND QUANTITATIVE THOUGHT - (A) 1. Criteria: a. Courses designated "A. HUMANITIES - (H) 1. Criteria: a. Courses designated "H" concentrate on the expression, analysis
Automated Mechanism Design: A New Application Area for Search Algorithms
Automated Mechanism Design: A New Application Area for Search Algorithms Tuomas Sandholm Computer design is the art of designing the rules of the game (aka. mechanism) so that a desirable outcome. Examples include the design of auctions, voting protocols, and divorce settlement procedures. Mechanisms
Heller, Barbara
probabilities in the standard normal table What is the area to the left of Z=1.51 in a standard normal curve? Z=1.51 Z=1.51 Area is 93.45% #12;Exercises Â· If scores are normally distributed with a mean of 30 beauty of the normal curve: No matter what and are, the area between - and + is about 68%; the area
Oslebo, Damian G
2014-01-01
Many tasks in the early stages of ship design are manual and repetitive processes. One such task is in the realm of deck area arrangements. The allocation and assignment of areas in early stage ship design involves tracking ...
Northwest Power and Conservation Council Protected Areas Designations, Fish and Wildlife Program
of capacity from this study that falls into the protected areas designations, the Northwest Hydroelectric run-of-the-river hydroelectric projects may not be able to be developed within a protected areas
Padula, Cynthia Gabriela
2014-01-01
discrete spatio-temporal offshore MPAs for lactating femalewith fisheries. Moreover, offshore MPAs designed for the2 (Hoyt, 2011). Almost no offshore protected areas (feeding
Pipeline integrity design for differential settlement in discontinuous permafrost areas
Zhou, Z.J.; Boivin, R.P.; Glover, A.G.; Kormann, P.J.
1996-12-31
The NOVA Gas Transmission Ltd. (NGTL) gas pipeline system is expanding northwards as the producers search for and find new gas reserves. This growth has taken the system into the discontinuous permafrost zone, and also into new design problems. One such problem is the structural integrity of a pipeline subjected to the settlement differentials that occur between frozen and unfrozen soils. Adequate integrity design for differential settlement is required by design codes, such as CSA Z662, but the procedures and criteria must be established by the pipeline designers. This paper presents the methodology of pipeline integrity design for differential settlements used on a number of pipeline projects in Northwest Alberta. Outlined in the paper are the procedures, rationales and models used to: (a) locate discontinuous permafrost; (b) quantify the potential differential settlement; (c) predict pipeline stresses and strains; (d) establish strain limits; and (e) determine the pipe wall thickness to withstand those potential differential settlements. Several design options are available and are briefly discussed. For the projects mentioned, the heavy wall pipe option was identified as a cost effective design for medium to large differential settlements.
CIV498 Design Project 2016 Project Area: Transportation
Toronto, University of
/Planning Energy efficiency X Social/Political/Economic Issues X Environmental Assessment Structural design X with a specific emphasis on accommodating all modes of transportation including cars, trucks, transit and non-motorized modes. The provision of the hydro corridor also presents additional opportunities to accommodate transit
SRP engineering and design history, Vol III, 200 F and H Areas
Banick, C.J.
2000-04-17
This volume combines the record of events relating to the development of design for both the 200-F and H Areas. Chronologically, the definition of plant facilities was first established for the 200-F Area. The second area, 200-H, was projected initially to be a supplementary plutonium separations facility. This history explains the differences in character and capacity of the manufacturing facilities in both areas as production requirements and experience with separations processes advanced.
Title 43 CFR 1610.7-2 Designation of Areas of Critical Environmental...
OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- Federal RegulationFederal Regulation: Title 43 CFR 1610.7-2 Designation of Areas of Critical Environmental ConcernLegal...
The effects of feed area design on the social behaviour of dairy cattle
Rioja-Lang, Fiona C
2009-01-01
The overall objective of this thesis was to assess the effect of feed area design including feeding space availability, barrier type and stocking density, on the feeding behaviour of dairy cows. Feed intake in dairy cows ...
Kendrick, Amrit Work
1991-01-01
DESIGNATING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE UNITED STATES AND ECUADOR: UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS A Thesis by AMRIT WORK KENDRICK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A 8 M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences DESIGNATING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE UNITED STATES AND ECUADOR: UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS A Thesis by AMRIT WORK KENDRICK A...
Conceptual Design Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) Tower Structure
Jennings, Chad
2002-07-18
The main objective of this work was to develop a conceptual design and engineering prototype for the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) tower structure. This thesis describes the conceptual design of a GLAST tower and the fabrication and testing of a prototype tower tray. The requirements were that the structure had to support GLAST's delicate silicon strip detector array through ground handling, launch and in orbit operations as well as provide for thermal and electrical pathways. From the desired function and the given launch vehicle for the spacecraft that carries the GLAST detector, an efficient structure was designed which met the requirements. This thesis developed in three stages: design, fabrication, and testing. During the first stage, a general set of specifications was used to develop the initial design, which was then analyzed and shown to meet or exceed the requirements. The second stage called for the fabrication of prototypes to prove manufacturability and gauge cost and time estimates for the total project. The last step called for testing the prototypes to show that they performed as the analysis had shown and prove that the design met the requirements. As a spacecraft engineering exercise, this project required formulating a solution based on engineering judgment, analyzing the solution using advanced engineering techniques, then proving the validity of the design and analysis by the manufacturing and testing of prototypes. The design described here met all the requirements set out by the needs of the experiment and operating concerns. This strawman design is not intended to be the complete or final design for the GLAST instrument structure, but instead examines some of the main challenges involved and demonstrates that there are solutions to them. The purpose of these tests was to prove that there are solutions to the basic mechanical, electrical and thermal problems presented with the GLAST project.
Brown, Gregory G.
Vermont Wilderness Observation Assignment You are to visit one of the legally designated Wilderness areas in Vermont. The duration of your visit is up to you. The purpose of your visit is to conduct
Long, John P.; Hamill, Michael J.; Mitchell, M. G.; Miller, Marc M.; Witzke, Edward L.; Wiener, Dallas J
2006-11-01
A major portion of the Wireless Networking Project at Sandia National Laboratories over the last few years has been to examine IEEE 802.11 wireless networking for possible use at Sandia and if practical, introduce this technology. This project team deployed 802.11a, b, and g Wireless Local Area Networking at Sandia. This report examines the basics of wireless networking and captures key results from project tests and experiments. It also records project members thoughts and designs on wireless LAN architecture and security issues. It documents some of the actions and milestones of this project, including pilot and production deployment of wireless networking equipment, and captures the team's rationale behind some of the decisions made. Finally, the report examines lessons learned, future directions, and conclusions.
Alippi, Cesare
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 21, NO. 7, JULY Systems Cesare Alippi, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Future design environments for embedded systems will require the development of sophisticated computer-aided design tools for compiling the high
Probability Theory: The Logic of Science
Rodriguez, Carlos
of Probability Theory Chapter 16 Orthodox Statistics: Historical Background Chapter 17 Principles and Pathology Marginalization Theory Chapter 27 Communication Theory Chapter 28 Optimal Antenna and Filter Design Chapter 29 Statistical Mechanics Chapter 30 Conclusions APPENDICES Appendix A Other Approaches to Probability Theory
Intro Probability Rabbits Description Predictions Ontology of Earthquake Probability: Metaphor
Stark, Philip B.
Intro Probability Rabbits Description Predictions Ontology of Earthquake Probability: Metaphor be abandoned in favor of common sense. #12;Intro Probability Rabbits Description Predictions Earthquake not random. Wm. ShakesEarth #12;Intro Probability Rabbits Description Predictions Earthquake Poker
Donohoo-Vallett, Pearl Elizabeth
2014-01-01
The growth of location-constrained renewable generators and the integration of electricity markets in the United States and Europe are forcing transmission planners to consider the design of interconnection-wide systems. ...
Soto, Manuel Antonio
2012-01-01
experiences. Urban design elements are also important toComfort: Greenery, design elements, street furniture Thereprovided by signage and design elements There are directory
Design and performance of a large area neutron sensitive anger camera
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Visscher, Theodore; Montcalm, Christopher A.; Donahue, Jr., Cornelius; Riedel, Richard A.
2015-05-21
We describe the design and performance of a 157mm x 157mm two dimensional neutron detector. The detector uses the Anger principle to determine the position of neutrons. We have verified FWHM resolution of 3) single crystal reference samples at the single crystal instrument TOPAZ provide results with low Rw(F) values
A New Design for Array Multiplier with Trade off in Power and Area
Ravi, Nirlakalla; Prasad, T Jayachandra; Rao, T Subba
2011-01-01
In this paper a low power and low area array multiplier with carry save adder is proposed. The proposed adder eliminates the final addition stage of the multiplier than the conventional parallel array multiplier. The conventional and proposed multiplier both are synthesized with 16-T full adder. Among Transmission Gate, Transmission Function Adder, 14-T, 16-T full adder shows energy efficiency. In the proposed 4x4 multiplier to add carry bits with out using Ripple Carry Adder (RCA) in the final stage, the carries given to the input of the next left column input. Due to this the proposed multiplier shows 56 less transistor count, then cause trade off in power and area. The proposed multiplier has shown 13.91% less power, 34.09% more speed and 59.91% less energy consumption for TSMC 0.18nm technology at a supply voltage 2.0V than the conventional multiplier.
The use of balanced cross sections to design the Cymric/McKittrick area Tulare steamfloods
Dunn, J.F. (Chevron USA, Inc., Bakersfield, CA (United States))
1991-02-01
Recently developed techniques of cross section balancing by the kink method are being used to precisely define the structure of the Tulare Formation fold belt in one area of the Cymric/McKittrick Oil field, San joaquin Valley, California. The Tulare fold belt is a series of northeast-verging, fault-propagation folds that are detached near the base of the Tulare Formation. Good sand continuity and a detailed understanding of the reservoir structural geometry is necessary for successful steamflooding, requiring a rigorous method of structural interpretation to precisely define this highly-folded area. Because of reservoir depletion over the crest of anticlines in Cymric, experience has shown that the most successful steamflood configuration is a staggered line drive with both the producers and injectors located as close to the synclinal axes as possible. This promotes maximum heating and drainage of the reservoir. This configuration is most effective in steeply-dipping reservoirs, although producers downdip of injectors produce the most oil and experience the least amount of steam break-through even in fairly moderately dipping (20{degree}) reservoirs.
Fitelson, Branden
Hume, Induction, and Probability Peter J.R. Millican The University of Leeds Department is to understand Hume's famous argument concerning induction, and to appraise its success in establishing its for the argument (§4.3); (g) Refutation of Stove's well-known alternative diagram (§5.1); (h) Likewise of Stove
Design, processing, and assembly of large area concentrator cells and subassemblies
Tobin, S.P.; Landis, G.A.; Nowian, M.J.
1982-09-01
This paper describes the development of silicon concentrator cells for use in state-of-the-art linear focus Fresnel lens systems with average sunlight concentration of 30-50 suns. Primary goals were high cell efficiency and a simple, producible, low cost process. In the design phase, a collecting grid pattern optimized for the nonuniform intensity profile of the Fresnel lens was developed. A simple baseline cell process was defined, similar to the ion implanted flat-plate cell process. The most noticeable differences were the silicon resistivity (0.3 ohm-cm), texture etched surfaces to improve current collection, and the grid pattern. Initial cell results measured by Sandia were quite good, with efficiency exceeding 18% at 50 suns. Nine-cell strings interconnected and bonded to glass were delivered to the concentrator system manufacturer and passed all electrical and environmental tests. Also described are several efficiency-enhancing options to the baseline process. These include improved junction anneal schedules, oxide surface passivation, multi-layer antireflection coatings, and a planar process to reduce leakage currents.
Design and Initial Tests of the Tracker-Converter ofthe Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope
Atwood, W.B.; Bagagli, R.; Baldini, L.; Bellazzini, R.; Barbiellini, G.; Belli, F.; Borden, T.; Brez, A.; Brigida, M.; Caliandro, G.A.; Cecchi, C.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; De Angelis, A.; Drell, P.; Favuzzi, C.; Fukazawa, Y.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Germani, S.; Giannitrapani, R.; Giglietto, N.; /UC, Santa Cruz /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Rome /Rome U.,Tor Vergata /SLAC /INFN, Bari /Bari U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Udine U. /Hiroshima U. /NASA, Goddard /Maryland U. /Tokyo Inst. Tech. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore
2007-04-16
The Tracker subsystem of the Large Area Telescope (LAT) science instrument of the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) mission has been completed and tested. It is the central detector subsystem of the LAT and serves both to convert an incident gamma-ray into an electron-positron pair and to track the pair in order to measure the gamma-ray direction. It also provides the principal trigger for the LAT. The Tracker uses silicon strip detectors, read out by custom electronics, to detect charged particles. The detectors and electronics are packaged, along with tungsten converter foils, in 16 modular, high-precision carbon-composite structures. It is the largest silicon-strip detector system ever built for launch into space, and its aggressive design emphasizes very low power consumption, passive cooling, low noise, high efficiency, minimal dead area, and a structure that is highly transparent to charged particles. The test program has demonstrated that the system meets or surpasses all of its performance specifications as well as environmental requirements. It is now installed in the completed LAT, which is being prepared for launch in early 2008.
Wildlife Management Areas (Florida)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Certain sites in Florida are designated as wildlife management areas, and construction and development is heavily restricted in these areas.
Soto, Manuel Antonio
2012-01-01
David and Ragan, Leslie (1991) Pedestrian and Street LifeOther Considerations for Pedestrian Malls. Washington D.C. ,is a compactly developed pedestrian area characterized by
Fischer, Gerhard
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ACM CONFERENCE ON HUMAN FACTORS IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS (CHI '89) Topic Area Science University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 Abstract Design Environments are computer systems environments in the form of computer systems supporting cooperative problem solving between designer
Lectures on probability and statistics
Yost, G.P.
1984-09-01
These notes are based on a set of statistics lectures delivered at Imperial College to the first-year postgraduate students in High Energy Physics. They are designed for the professional experimental scientist. We begin with the fundamentals of probability theory, in which one makes statements about the set of possible outcomes of an experiment, based upon a complete a priori understanding of the experiment. For example, in a roll of a set of (fair) dice, one understands a priori that any given side of each die is equally likely to turn up. From that, we can calculate the probability of any specified outcome. We finish with the inverse problem, statistics. Here, one begins with a set of actual data (e.g., the outcomes of a number of rolls of the dice), and attempts to make inferences about the state of nature which gave those data (e.g., the likelihood of seeing any given side of any given die turn up). This is a much more difficult problem, of course, and one's solutions often turn out to be unsatisfactory in one respect or another.
The Logic of Parametric Probability
Norman, Joseph W
2012-01-01
The computational method of parametric probability analysis is introduced. It is demonstrated how to embed logical formulas from the propositional calculus into parametric probability networks, thereby enabling sound reasoning about the probabilities of logical propositions. An alternative direct probability encoding scheme is presented, which allows statements of implication and quantification to be modeled directly as constraints on conditional probabilities. Several example problems are solved, from Johnson-Laird's aces to Smullyan's zombies. Many apparently challenging problems in logic turn out to be simple problems in algebra and computer science; often just systems of polynomial equations or linear optimization problems. This work extends the mathematical logic and parametric probability methods invented by George Boole.
Emptiness Formation Probability
Nicholas Crawford; Stephen Ng; Shannon Starr
2014-12-30
We present rigorous upper and lower bounds on the emptiness formation probability for the ground state of a spin-$1/2$ Heisenberg XXZ quantum spin system. For a $d$-dimensional system we find a rate of decay of the order $\\exp(-c L^{d+1})$ where $L$ is the sidelength of the box in which we ask for the emptiness formation event to occur. In the $d=1$ case this confirms previous predictions made in the integrable systems community, though our bounds do not achieve the precision predicted by Bethe ansatz calculations. On the other hand, our bounds in the case $d \\geq 2$ are new. The main tools we use are reflection positivity and a rigorous path integral expansion which is a variation on those previously introduced by Toth, Aizenman-Nachtergaele and Ueltschi.
Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression
Grudic, Greg
Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression Thomas of Computer Science University of Colorado Boulder, C0 80309-0430, USA Abstract We formulate regression as maximizing the minimum probability () that the regression model is within ± of all future observations (i
David D. Breshears; Fairley J. Barnes; John W. Nyhan; Johnny A. Salazar
1998-09-01
The goal of disposing of low-level radioactive and hazardous waste in shallow landfills is to reduce risk to human health and the environment by isolating contaminants until they no longer pose an unacceptable hazard. In order to achieve this, the Department of Energy Environmental Restoration Program is comparing the performance of several different surface covers at Material Disposal Area (MDA) B in Los Alamos. Two conventional landfill were compared with an improved cover designed to minimize plant and animal intrusion and to minimize water infiltration into the underlying wastes. The conventional covers varied in depth and both conventional and improved designs had different combinations of vegetation (grass verses shrub) and gravel mulch (no mulch verses mulch). These treatments were applied to each of 12 plots and water balance parameters were measured from March1987 through June 1995. Adding a gravel mulch significantly influenced the plant covered field plots receiving no gravel mulch averaged 21.2% shrub cover, while plots with gravel had a 20% larger percent cover of shrubs. However, the influence of gravel mulch on the grass cover was even larger than the influence on shrub cover, average grass cover on the plots with no gravel was 16.3%, compared with a 42% increase in grass cover due to gravel mulch. These cover relationships are important to reduce runoff on the landfill cover, as shown by a regression model that predicts that as ground cover is increased from 30 to 90%,annual runoff is reduced from 8.8 to 0.98 cm-a nine-fold increase. We also found that decreasing the slope of the landfill cover from 6 to 2% reduced runoff from the landfill cover by 2.7-fold. To minimize the risk of hazardous waste from landfills to humans, runoff and seepage need to be minimized and evapotranspiration maximized on the landfill cover. This has to be accomplished for dry and wet years at MDA B. Seepage consisted of 1.9% and 6.2% of the precipitation in the average and once in ten year events, respectively, whereas corresponding values for runoff were 13% and 16%; these changes were accompanied by corresponding decreases in evapotranspiration, which accounted for 86% and only 78% of the precipitation occurring on the average and once in ten year even~ respectively.
, buildings, bridges and dams, power plant design, wind analysis and design, finite element method, earthquake by the list, the employment and career opportunities span the spectrum and are not limited to certain
Sibille, Etienne
16 UCIS is home to five area studies centers. (*) Denotes designation as a National Resource Center by the U.S. Department of Education Center for Latin American Studies* Center for Russian in their respective schools and colleges, are affiliated with UCIS: Center for International Legal Education
Probability and complex quantum trajectories
John, Moncy V. [Department of Physics, St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry, Pathanamthitta, Kerala 689 641 (India)], E-mail: moneyjohn@yahoo.co.uk
2009-01-15
It is shown that in the complex trajectory representation of quantum mechanics, the Born's {psi}*{psi} probability density can be obtained from the imaginary part of the velocity field of particles on the real axis. Extending this probability axiom to the complex plane, we first attempt to find a probability density by solving an appropriate conservation equation. The characteristic curves of this conservation equation are found to be the same as the complex paths of particles in the new representation. The boundary condition in this case is that the extended probability density should agree with the quantum probability rule along the real line. For the simple, time-independent, one-dimensional problems worked out here, we find that a conserved probability density can be derived from the velocity field of particles, except in regions where the trajectories were previously suspected to be nonviable. An alternative method to find this probability density in terms of a trajectory integral, which is easier to implement on a computer and useful for single particle solutions, is also presented. Most importantly, we show, by using the complex extension of Schrodinger equation, that the desired conservation equation can be derived from this definition of probability density.
Fingler, Theresa
2012-11-28
Belize has long been considered a leader in conservation within the Mesoamerican region with 36% of its terrestrial area under protection status. However, a gap analysis conducted in 2005 reveal savannas are under-represented by the existing...
Lovesmith, Deanna M.
2010-01-16
The purpose of the study was to identify perceptions of the contributions made by superintendents and architects respectively when programming a new school. Areas of collaboration were determined by a qualitative analysis of the responses...
Design of Wind Turbines in an Area with Tropical Cyclones Niels-Erik Clausen, niels and cost of wind turbines is influenced by a combination of fatigue and extreme loads and the applied design codes. In general wind turbines are designed for 20 years of operation using design standards
Outage probability at finite SNR
Akçaba, Cemal
2004-01-01
In this thesis, we present a technique to reduce the outage probability of a single user multiple input multiple output (MIMO) channel when a sub-optimal transceiver architecture is used. We show that in slow-fading ...
Joint probabilities and quantum cognition
Acacio de Barros, J. [Liberal Studies, 1600 Holloway Ave., San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States)
2012-12-18
In this paper we discuss the existence of joint probability distributions for quantumlike response computations in the brain. We do so by focusing on a contextual neural-oscillator model shown to reproduce the main features of behavioral stimulus-response theory. We then exhibit a simple example of contextual random variables not having a joint probability distribution, and describe how such variables can be obtained from neural oscillators, but not from a quantum observable algebra.
Analytic bounds on transmission probabilities
Boonserm, Petarpa
2009-01-01
We develop some new analytic bounds on transmission probabilities (and the related reflection probabilities and Bogoliubov coefficients) for generic one-dimensional scattering problems. To do so we rewrite the Schrodinger equation for some complicated potential whose properties we are trying to investigate in terms of some simpler potential whose properties are assumed known, plus a (possibly large) "shift" in the potential. Doing so permits us to extract considerable useful information without having to exactly solve the full scattering problem.
Joint probability distributions for projection probabilities of random orthonormal states
L. Alonso; T. Gorin
2015-10-19
A finite dimensional quantum system for which the quantum chaos conjecture applies has eigenstates, which show the same statistical properties than the column vectors of random orthogonal or unitary matrices. Here, we consider the different probabilities for obtaining a specific outcome in a projective measurement, provided the system is in one of its eigenstates. We then give analytic expressions for the joint probability density for these probabilities, with respect to the ensemble of random matrices. In the case of the unitary group, our results can be applied, also, to the phenomenon of universal conductance fluctuations, where the same mathematical quantities describe partial conductances in a two-terminal mesoscopic scattering problem with a finite number of modes in each terminal.
Fusion Probability in Dinuclear System
Juhee Hong
2015-03-26
Fusion can be described by the time evolution of a dinuclear system with two degrees of freedom, the relative motion and transfer of nucleons. In the presence of the coupling between two collective modes, we solve the Fokker-Planck equation in a locally harmonic approximation. The potential of a dinuclear system has the quasifission barrier and the inner fusion barrier, and the escape rates can be calculated by the Kramers' model. To estimate the fusion probability, we calculate the quasifission rate and the fusion rate. We investigate the coupling effects on the fusion probability and the cross section of evaporation residue.
Modeling probability distributions with predictive state representations
Wiewiora, Eric Walter
2008-01-01
Discovery is the process of choosing the core tests, whose success probabilities will become the state of the learned model.
Geographic Resource Map of Frozen Pipe Probabilities
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Presentation slide details a resource map showing the probability of frozen pipes in the geographic United States.
Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences
Oren, Shmuel S.
Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences http://journals.cambridge.org/PES Additional services for Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences: Email alerts: Click here Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences / Volume 8 / Issue 02 / April 1994, pp 287 290 DOI
Outage Probability Under Channel Distribution Uncertainty
Loyka, Sergey
Outage Probability Under Channel Distribution Uncertainty Ioanna Ioannou, Charalambos D. Charalambous and Sergey Loyka Abstract--Outage probability of a class of block-fading (MIMO) channels outage probability defined as min (over the input distribution) -max (over the channel distribution class
Communication in Home Area Networks
Wang, Yubo
2012-01-01
used in area like smart buildings, street light controls andbuilding. This section focuses on HAN design to address two smart
Robust transmit beamforming design using outage probability specification
Du, Huiqin
2010-01-01
Transmit beamforming (precoding) is a powerful technique for enhancing the channel capacity and reliability of multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) wireless systems. The optimum exploitation of the benefits provided ...
Probability and Quantum Paradigms: the Interplay
Kracklauer, A. F. [Bauhaus Universitaet, PF 2040, 99401 Weimar (Germany)
2007-12-03
Since the introduction of Born's interpretation of quantum wave functions as yielding the probability density of presence, Quantum Theory and Probability have lived in a troubled symbiosis. Problems arise with this interpretation because quantum probabilities exhibit features alien to usual probabilities, namely non Boolean structure and non positive-definite phase space probability densities. This has inspired research into both elaborate formulations of Probability Theory and alternate interpretations for wave functions. Herein the latter tactic is taken and a suggested variant interpretation of wave functions based on photo detection physics proposed, and some empirical consequences are considered. Although incomplete in a few details, this variant is appealing in its reliance on well tested concepts and technology.
Lectures on probability and statistics. Revision
Yost, G.P.
1985-06-01
These notes are based on a set of statistics lectures delivered at Imperial College to the first-year postgraduate students in High Energy Physics. They are designed for the professional experimental scientist. They begin with the fundamentals of probability theory, in which one makes statements about the set of possible outcomes of an experiment, based upon a complete a priori understanding of the experiment. For example, in a roll of a set of (fair) dice, one understands a priori that any given side of each die is equally likely to turn up. From that, we can calculate the probabilty of any specified outcome. They finish with the inverse problem, statistics. Here, one begins with a set of actual data (e.g., the outcomes of a number of rolls of the dice), and attempts to make inferences about the state of nature which gave those data (e.g., the likelihood of seeing any given side of any given die turn up). This is a much more difficult problem, of course, and one's solutions often turn out to be unsatisfactory in one respect or another. Hopefully, the reader will come away from these notes with a feel for some of the problems and uncertainties involved. Although there are standard approaches, most of the time there is no cut and dried ''best'' solution - ''best'' according to every criterion.
Bayesian Probabilities and the Histories Algebra
Thomas Marlow
2006-03-06
We attempt a justification of a generalisation of the consistent histories programme using a notion of probability that is valid for all complete sets of history propositions. This consists of introducing Cox's axioms of probability theory and showing that our candidate notion of probability obeys them. We also give a generalisation of Bayes' theorem and comment upon how Bayesianism should be useful for the quantum gravity/cosmology programmes.
Average transmission probability of a random stack
Yin Lu; Christian Miniatura; Berthold-Georg Englert
2009-07-31
The transmission through a stack of identical slabs that are separated by gaps with random widths is usually treated by calculating the average of the logarithm of the transmission probability. We show how to calculate the average of the transmission probability itself with the aid of a recurrence relation and derive analytical upper and lower bounds. The upper bound, when used as an approximation for the transmission probability, is unreasonably good and we conjecture that it is asymptotically exact.
Modern Probability Theory and Its Applications
Parzen, Emanuel
1960-01-01
who have contributed to this book by their comments, I offer my thanks. Particularly valuable assistance has been rendered by E. Dalton and D. Ylvisaker and also by M. Boswell and P. Williams. To the cheerful, hard-working staff of the Applied... drawings. Stanford, California January 1960 EMANUEL PARZEN Contents CHAPTER PROBABILITY THEORY AS THE STUDY OF MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF RANDOM PHENOMENA Probability theory as the study of random phenomena 2 Probability theory as the study...
Akbari, H.; Bretz, S.; Hanford, J.; Rosenfeld, A.; Sailor, D.; Taha, H. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Bos, W. [Sacramento Municipal Utility District, CA (United States)
1992-12-01
Urban areas in warm climates create summer heat islands of daily average intensity of 3--5{degrees}C, adding to discomfort and increasing air-conditioning loads. Two important factors contributing to urban heat islands are reductions in albedo (lower overall city reflectance) and loss of vegetation (less evapotranspiration). Reducing summer heat islands by planting vegetation (shade trees) and increasing surface albedos, saves cooling energy, allows down-sizing of air conditioners, lowers air-conditioning peak demand, and reduces the emission of CO{sub 2} and other pollutants from electric power plants. The focus of this multi-year project, jointly sponsored by SMUD and the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE), was to measure the direct cooling effects of trees and white surfaces (mainly roofs) in a few buildings in Sacramento. The first-year project was to design the experiment and obtain base case data. We also obtained limited post retrofit data for some sites. This report provides an overview of the project activities during the first year at six sites. The measurement period for some of the sites was limited to September and October, which are transitional cooling months in Sacramento and hence the interpretation of results only apply to this period. In one house, recoating the dark roof with a high-albedo coating rendered air conditioning unnecessary for the month of September (possible savings of up to 10 kWh per day and 2 kW of non-coincidental peak power). Savings of 50% relative to an identical base case bungalow were achieved when a school bungalow`s roof and southeast wall were coated with a high-albedo coating during the same period. Our measured data for the vegetation sites do not indicate conclusive results because shade trees were small and the cooling period was almost over. We need to collect more data over a longer cooling season in order to demonstrate savings conclusively.
de Lijser, Peter
I. Policy Ductless fume hoods are designed to remove hazardous fumes and vapors from the work area to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories); 5154.1 (Ventilation Requirements for Laboratory-Type Hood Operations require use of fume hoods to control exposure to hazardous or odorous chemicals. IV. Definitions Activated
Analytical Study of Thermonuclear Reaction Probability Integrals
M. A. Chaudhry; H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai
2000-01-16
An analytic study of the reaction probability integrals corresponding to the various forms of the slowly varying cross-section factor $S(E)$ is attempted. Exact expressions for reaction probability integrals are expressed in terms of the extended gamma functions.
18.05 Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Spring 2005
Panchenko, Dmitry
This course provides an elementary introduction to probability and statistics with applications. Topics include: basic probability models; combinatorics; random variables; discrete and continuous probability distributions; ...
SLIGHTLY MORE REALISTIC PERSONAL PROBABILITY IAN HACKING
Fitelson, Branden
SLIGHTLY MORE REALISTIC PERSONAL PROBABILITY IAN HACKING Makerere U~ziversityCollege A person's work are to this article. #12;312 I&? HACKING The third one, though it will appeal to logicians, might
A Monotonicity Property of Binomial Probabilities
Hart, Sergiu
A Monotonicity Property of Binomial Probabilities Sergiu Hart Benjamin Weiss May 11, 2008 Let n 1 of Jerusalem, 91904 Jerusalem, Israel. e-mail: hart@huji.ac.il web page: http://www.ma.huji.ac.il/hart
Probability distribution of the vacuum energy density
Duplancic, Goran; Stefancic, Hrvoje; Glavan, Drazen
2010-12-15
As the vacuum state of a quantum field is not an eigenstate of the Hamiltonian density, the vacuum energy density can be represented as a random variable. We present an analytical calculation of the probability distribution of the vacuum energy density for real and complex massless scalar fields in Minkowski space. The obtained probability distributions are broad and the vacuum expectation value of the Hamiltonian density is not fully representative of the vacuum energy density.
Guilin, L.; Defu, L.; Huajun, L.; Fengqing, W.; Tao, Z.
2012-07-01
With the increasing tendency of natural hazards, the typhoon, hurricane and tropical Cyclone induced surge, wave, precipitation, flood and wind as extreme external loads menacing Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) in coastal and inland provinces of China. For all of planned, designed And constructed NPP the National Nuclear Safety Administration of China and IAEA recommended Probable Maximum Hurricane /Typhoon/(PMH/T), Probable Maximum Storm Surge (PMSS), Probable Maximum Flood (PMF), Design Basis Flood (DBF) as safety regulations for NPP defense infrastructures. This paper discusses the joint probability analysis of simultaneous occurrence typhoon induced extreme external hazards and compare with IAEA 2006-2009 recommended safety regulation design criteria for some NPP defense infrastructures along China coast. (authors)
1 INTRODUCTION The main objective of design optimization is to ob-
Paulino, Glaucio H.
to achieve optimal designs with acceptable failure probabilities (see Frangopol & Maute 2004 for a state
LED Outdoor Area Lighting Fact Sheet
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Outdoor Area Lighting LED technology is rapidly becoming competitive with high-intensity discharge light sources for outdoor area lighting. This document reviews the major design...
Isotopic Analysis- Fluid At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area...
purpose of this study was to identify probable recharge areas and length of time for groundwater discharge from the Kilauea rift zones. Interpretations were based on isotropic...
Wu, An-Yeu "Andy"
with an energy efficiency of 0.19 nJ/bit and an area efficiency of 3.13 bits/mm2. For the multistandard systemsIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION (VLSI) SYSTEMS, VOL. 19, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2011 305, such as worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX) [4]. Table I lists the detailed specifications
Reassessment of the BWR scram failure probability
Burns, E.T.
1989-01-01
As part of the Severe Accident Policy Statement implementation, the probabilistic quantification of accident sequence frequencies that may lead to core damage is a key element in demonstrating a plant's safety status relative to US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff goals. One of the key quantitative inputs in a boiling water reactor (BWR) probabilistic risk assessment is the probability of a failure to scram. The assessment of this failure probability has been the subject of a long and continuing debate over the adequacy of available data and analytic modeling. This report provides a summary of the status of this debate, including the latest data, and provides a revision to the characterization of the failure probability originally published in NUREG 0460 and the Utility Group on Anticipated Transient Without Scram (ATWS) Petition.
Electric quadrupole transition probabilities for atomic lithium
Çelik, Gültekin; Gökçe, Yasin; Y?ld?z, Murat
2014-05-15
Electric quadrupole transition probabilities for atomic lithium have been calculated using the weakest bound electron potential model theory (WBEPMT). We have employed numerical non-relativistic Hartree–Fock wavefunctions for expectation values of radii and the necessary energy values have been taken from the compilation at NIST. The results obtained with the present method agree very well with the Coulomb approximation results given by Caves (1975). Moreover, electric quadrupole transition probability values not existing in the literature for some highly excited levels have been obtained using the WBEPMT.
Useful Probability Distributions Standard Normal Distribution
the proportion t as a variable which is continuous over the interval (0,1) For small consignments, say N Consignment of tablets, a proportion of which are suspected drugs. For large consignments, probability distribution of the proportion t which are drugs can be modeled with a beta distribution, which treats
A Formulation for Minimax Probability Machine Regression
Grudic, Greg
A Formulation for Minimax Probability Machine Regression Thomas Strohmann Department of Computer Science University of Colorado, Boulder grudic@cs.colorado.edu Abstract We formulate the regression of the regression model will be within some ± bound of the true regression function. Our formulation is unique
MAS275 Probability Modelling 2 Renewal Theory
Jordan, Jonathan
MAS275 Probability Modelling 2 Renewal Theory 2.1 Renewal processes in discrete time Renewal will model the lengths of time between renewals (e.g. the life-lengths of light bulbs) as random variables there is an occurrence called a renewal, and at the points of time between these renewals, nothing happens. For example
CAPES 2013 PROBABILITY and STATISTICS Ttulo ISSN
Moreira, Carlos Gustavo
-0918 Communications Series A1 Mathematics & Statistics 1303-5911 Computational and mathematical organization theory-5483 Communications in Mathematical Physics 0010-3616 Communications in statistics. Simulation and computation 0361 communications in probability 1083-589X Electronic journal of applied statistical analysis 2070-5948 Electronic
Utts, Jessica
related to probability (Section 7.7 & Oct 27 lecture) CHAPTER 8: 1. Identify discrete versus continuous a continuous random variable is, and how probabilities are found (areas under curves). Know how to find summary on pgs 382-383) 4. Find the sampling distribution for one proportion given a value for p and n
Oklahoma City Flash Flood Event, 31 May - 1 June 2013 Annual Exceedance Probabilities (AEPs HOLDENVILLEHOLDENVILLE MIDWEST CITYMIDWEST CITY OKLAHOMA CITYOKLAHOMA CITY Hydrometeorological Design Studies Center
The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just a Fantasy? The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just a Fantasy? 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions...
Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities
Beersma, Jules
Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities Jules Beersma #12;Promotor: Prof. dr. A Onderzoekschool (BBOS) #12;Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities Extreme hydro
Optimum phase space probabilities from quantum tomography
Roy, Arunabha S.; Roy, S. M.
2014-01-15
We determine a positive normalised phase space probability distribution P with minimum mean square fractional deviation from the Wigner distribution W. The minimum deviation, an invariant under phase space rotations, is a quantitative measure of the quantumness of the state. The positive distribution closest to W will be useful in quantum mechanics and in time frequency analysis. The position-momentum correlations given by the distribution can be tested experimentally in quantum optics.
Pion-capture probabilities in organic molecules
Jackson, D.F.; Lewis, C.A.; O'Leary, K.
1982-06-01
Experimental results are presented for atomic-capture probabilities of negative pions in organic molecules. The data are analyzed in terms of atomic and molecular models. This analysis shows that the Fermi-Teller law (Z law) and its modifications do not give an adequate description of the data, but that a mesomolecular model together with hydrogen transfer contains the features essential to fit the data. Clear evidence is given for chemical effects in the pion-capture process.
Law of total probability Sequences of events
Adler, Robert J.
{Second black} = P{Second red} and sum is 1! 3 #12;' & $ % Example 2: Poisonned chocolates · k chocolates in a box of N are poisoned. 2 chocolates are are drawn at random. What is the probability that the second chocolate is poisoned? P{2nd poison} = P{2nd poison|1st poison}P{1st poison} + P{2nd poison|1st OK}P{1st OK
Free Energy Changes, Fluctuations, and Path Probabilities
William G. Hoover; Carol G. Hoover
2011-04-20
We illustrate some of the static and dynamic relations discovered by Cohen, Crooks, Evans, Jarzynski, Kirkwood, Morriss, Searles, and Zwanzig. These relations link nonequilibrium processes to equilibrium isothermal free energy changes and to dynamical path probabilities. We include ideas suggested by Dellago, Geissler, Oberhofer, and Schoell-Paschinger. Our treatment is intended to be pedagogical, for use in an updated version of our book: Time Reversibility, Computer Simulation, and Chaos. Comments are very welcome.
Sample design for the residential energy consumption survey
Not Available
1994-08-01
The purpose of this report is to provide detailed information about the multistage area-probability sample design used for the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). It is intended as a technical report, for use by statisticians, to better understand the theory and procedures followed in the creation of the RECS sample frame. For a more cursory overview of the RECS sample design, refer to the appendix entitled ``How the Survey was Conducted,`` which is included in the statistical reports produced for each RECS survey year.
Design wiki: a system for design sharing
Design wiki: a system for design sharing Wael A. Abdelhameed, Yoshihiro Kobayashi #12;Wael of Bahrain. His research areas are 3D Modeling Systems, Computing Architecture, Virtual Reality, Design Process, Visual Design Thinking and Digital and Manual Media Interaction. Yoshihiro Kobayashi is a Faculty
Conservative Estimates of Blocking and Outage Probabilities in CDMA Networks
Bonald, Thomas
Conservative Estimates of Blocking and Outage Probabilities in CDMA Networks T. Bonald, A. Prouti`ere 1 France Telecom, Division R&D, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France Abstract The outage probability is a key the blocking probability. The blocking and outage probabilities do not have closed-form expressions
Fluid Model of the Outage Probability in Sectored Wireless Networks
Coupechoux, Marceau
Fluid Model of the Outage Probability in Sectored Wireless Networks Jean-Marc Kelif France Telecom to derive the global outage probability and the spatial outage probability, which depends on the location the derivation of outage probabilities, capacity evaluation and then, the definition of Call Admission Control
Probability Grid: A Location Estimation Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks
Stankovic, John A.
estimation, grid topology, probability. I. INTRODUCTION Recent advances in micro-electro-mechanical systems
Spin Glass Computations and Ruelle's Probability Cascades
Louis-Pierre Arguin
2006-08-17
We study the Parisi functional, appearing in the Parisi formula for the pressure of the SK model, as a functional on Ruelle's Probability Cascades (RPC). Computation techniques for the RPC formulation of the functional are developed. They are used to derive continuity and monotonicity properties of the functional retrieving a theorem of Guerra. We also detail the connection between the Aizenman-Sims-Starr variational principle and the Parisi formula. As a final application of the techniques, we rederive the Almeida-Thouless line in the spirit of Toninelli but relying on the RPC structure.
Sampling with unequal probabilities and without replacement
Kleibrink, Ronald Gus
1966-01-01
. 6105 . 5161 . 6210 9 1. 0000 1. 0000 1. 0000 1. 0000 ~ 1796 . 5217 . 7073 . 6105 . 5161 . 5889 Specifically the normalized sizes and cumulative normalized. sizes are defined. as (3. 6) pi = n. xi/X so that N (3. 7) Z p = n 1=1 (3. 8) Pi = E p J... to have given the first general theory for sampling with unequal probabilities and without replacement. They used. as an estimate of the population total I for N units, the standard unbiased estimator A n (1 ' 1) I = Z (y / 77 ) i=3 where 77...
Realization A comparison of probability bounds analysis
· Sequential decisions · ... Formal, Systematic but Practical Methods for Engineering Design Methods Tools [ ]E U 1A 2A Want to assess the (potential) sensitivity of the decision to the (potentially) different;7 Example problem: Oil filter selection · Three filter designs SEC · Steel, replace casing and cartridge
DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National...
Corridors October 2, 2007 - 11:12am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin M....
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen Generation |Publications TheGashome /Areas Research Areas
Some Considerations on the Probability of Nuclear Fission
Vandenbosch, Robert; Seaborg, Glenn T.
1957-01-01
om THE PROBABILITY OF NUCLEAR FISSION Robert Vandenbosch andON TRE PROBABILITY OF NUCLEAR FISSION O E Contents Abstractf is the fission threshold, and the nuclear temperature T is
An Introduction to the Neutrosophic Probability Applied in Quantum Physics
Florentin Smarandache
2000-10-10
In this paper one generalizes the classical probability and imprecise probability to the notion of "neutrosophic probability" in order to be able to model Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle of a particle's behavior, Schr"dinger's Cat Theory, and the state of bosons which do not obey Pauli's Exclusion Principle (in quantum physics). Neutrosophic probability is close related to neutrosophic logic and neutrosophic set, and etymologically derived from "neutrosophy".
Free Probability -classical and free CLTs ISI Bangalore, November 2009
Sunder, V S
Free Probability - classical and free CLTs ISI Bangalore, November 2009 V.S. Sunder Institute Probability - classical and free CLTs ISI Bangalore, November 2009 #12;NCPS Definition A non satisfying (1) = 1 V.S. Sunder IMSc, Chennai Free Probability - classical and free CLTs ISI Bangalore
Spatial Outage Probability Formula for CDMA Jean-Marc Kelif
Coupechoux, Marceau
Spatial Outage Probability Formula for CDMA Networks Jean-Marc Kelif France Telecom R&D Issy networks called the fluid model and we derive from this model analytical formulas for interference, outage probability, and spatial outage probability. The key idea of the fluid model is to consider the discrete base
Asymptotic Analysis of Outage Probability in Cognitive Radio Networks
Loyka, Sergey
Asymptotic Analysis of Outage Probability in Cognitive Radio Networks Yaobin Wen, Sergey Loyka but not the outage probability itself. Unlike the cumulant-based analysis, our approach provides a guaranteed level. In particular, we demonstrate that there is a critical transition point below which the outage probability
Spatial Outage Probability for Cellular Networks Jean-Marc Kelif
Coupechoux, Marceau
Spatial Outage Probability for Cellular Networks Jean-Marc Kelif France Telecom R&D Issy networks called the fluid model and we derive from this model analytical formulas for interference, outage probability, and spatial outage probability. The key idea of the fluid model is to consider the discrete base
Chapter 1 The Nature of Probability and Statistics
Hong, Don
Chapter 1 The Nature of Probability and Statistics 1.1 Introduction Definition. Statistics based on probability theory. This chapter introduces the basic concepts of probability and statistics by answering questions like: · what are the branches of statistics · what are data · how are samples selected 1
How a False Probability Model Changed the World
Steele, J. Michael
How a False Probability Model Changed the World: Birth, Death, and Redemption of Black-Scholes J. Michael Steele March 12, 2008 J. Michael Steele How a False Probability Model Changed the World: Birth Probability Model Changed the World: Birth, Death #12;Introduction: The Special, The Empirical, The Miracle
Parametric probability distributions for anomalous change detection
Theiler, James P; Foy, Bernard R; Wohlberg, Brendt E; Scovel, James C
2010-01-01
The problem of anomalous change detection arises when two (or possibly more) images are taken of the same scene, but at different times. The aim is to discount the 'pervasive differences' that occur thoughout the imagery, due to the inevitably different conditions under which the images were taken (caused, for instance, by differences in illumination, atmospheric conditions, sensor calibration, or misregistration), and to focus instead on the 'anomalous changes' that actually take place in the scene. In general, anomalous change detection algorithms attempt to model these normal or pervasive differences, based on data taken directly from the imagery, and then identify as anomalous those pixels for which the model does not hold. For many algorithms, these models are expressed in terms of probability distributions, and there is a class of such algorithms that assume the distributions are Gaussian. By considering a broader class of distributions, however, a new class of anomalous change detection algorithms can be developed. We consider several parametric families of such distributions, derive the associated change detection algorithms, and compare the performance with standard algorithms that are based on Gaussian distributions. We find that it is often possible to significantly outperform these standard algorithms, even using relatively simple non-Gaussian models.
Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in BPA Control Area: Task One Report
Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.
2009-04-01
This is a report for task one of the tail event analysis project for BPA. Tail event refers to the situation in a power system when unfavorable forecast errors of load and wind are superposed onto fast load and wind ramps, or non-wind generators falling short of scheduled output, the imbalance between generation and load becomes very significant. This type of events occurs infrequently and appears on the tails of the distribution of system power imbalance; therefore, is referred to as tail events. This report analyzes what happened during the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) reliability event on February 26, 2008, which was widely reported because of the involvement of wind generation. The objective is to identify sources of the problem, solutions to it and potential improvements that can be made to the system. Lessons learned from the analysis include the following: (1) Large mismatch between generation and load can be caused by load forecast error, wind forecast error and generation scheduling control error on traditional generators, or a combination of all of the above; (2) The capability of system balancing resources should be evaluated both in capacity (MW) and in ramp rate (MW/min), and be procured accordingly to meet both requirements. The resources need to be able to cover a range corresponding to the variability of load and wind in the system, additional to other uncertainties; (3) Unexpected ramps caused by load and wind can both become the cause leading to serious issues; (4) A look-ahead tool evaluating system balancing requirement during real-time operations and comparing that with available system resources should be very helpful to system operators in predicting the forthcoming of similar events and planning ahead; and (5) Demand response (only load reduction in ERCOT event) can effectively reduce load-generation mismatch and terminate frequency deviation in an emergency situation.
Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in the BPA Control Area
Lu, Shuai; Brothers, Alan J.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Makarov, Yuri V.
2010-10-31
This report investigated the uncertainties with the operations of the power system and their contributions to tail events, especially under high penetration of wind. A Bayesian network model is established to quantify the impact of these uncertainties on system imbalance. The framework is presented for a decision support tool, which can help system operators better estimate the need for balancing reserves and prepare for tail events.
Design Editorial Design Innovation
Papalambros, Panos
juxtaposition of innovation versus invention: "Invention is the first occurrence of an idea for a new product such as innovation strategies, product design, service inno- vation, cutting-edge designers, design awards, and green design. Much of that perspective on innovation is then tied to industrial or product design, often
LL Hale; MK Wright; NA Cadoret
1999-01-07
The objective of this study was to define areas of previous disturbance in the 300 Area of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site to eliminate these areas from the cultural resource review process, reduce cultural resource monitoring costs, and allow cultural resource specialists to focus on areas where subsurface disturbance is minimal or nonexistent. Research into available sources suggests that impacts from excavations have been significant wherever the following construction activities have occurred: building basements and pits, waste ponds, burial grounds, trenches, installation of subsurface pipelines, power poles, water hydrants, and well construction. Beyond the areas just mentioned, substrates in the' 300 Area consist of a complex, multidimen- sional mosaic composed of undisturbed stratigraphy, backfill, and disturbed sediments; Four Geographic Information System (GIS) maps were created to display known areas of disturbance in the 300 Area. These maps contain information gleaned from a variety of sources, but the primary sources include the Hanford GIS database system, engineer drawings, and historic maps. In addition to these maps, several assumptions can be made about areas of disturbance in the 300 Area as a result of this study: o o Buried pipelines are not always located where they are mapped. As a result, cultural resource monitors or specialists should not depend on maps depicting subsurface pipelines for accurate locations of previous disturbance. Temporary roads built in the early 1940s were placed on layers of sand and gravel 8 to 12 in. thick. Given this information, it is likely that substrates beneath these early roads are only minimally disturbed. Building foundations ranged from concrete slabs no more than 6 to 8 in. thick to deeply excavated pits and basements. Buildings constructed with slab foundations are more numerous than may be expected, and minimally disturbed substrates may be expected in these locations. Historic black and white photographs provide a partial record of some excavations, including trenches, building basements, and material lay-down yards. Estimates of excavation depth and width can be made, but these estimates are not accurate enough to pinpoint the exact location where the disturbedhmdisturbed interface is located (e.g., camera angles were such that depths and/or widths of excavations could not be accurately determined or estimated). In spite of these limitations, these photographs provide essential information. Aerial and historic low-level photographs have captured what appears to be backfill throughout much of the eastern portion of the 300 Area-near the Columbia River shoreline. This layer of fill has likely afforded some protection for the natural landscape buried beneath the fill. This assumption fits nicely with the intermittent and inadvertent discoveries of hearths and stone tools documented through the years in this part of the 300 Area. Conversely, leveling of sand dunes appears to be substantial in the northwestern portion of the 300 Area during the early stages of development. o Project files and engineer drawings do not contain information on any impromptu but necessary adjustments made on the ground during project implementation-after the design phase. Further, many projects are planned and mapped but never implemented-this information is also not often placed in project files. Specific recommendations for a 300 Area cultural resource monitoring strategy are contained in the final section of this document. In general, it is recommended that monitoring continue for all projects located within 400 m of the Columbia River. The 400-m zone is culturally sensitive and likely retains some of the most intact buried substrates in the 300 Area.
18.440 Probability and Random Variables, Spring 2011
Sheffield, Scott
This course introduces students to probability and random variables. Topics include distribution functions, binomial, geometric, hypergeometric, and Poisson distributions. The other topics covered are uniform, exponential, ...
Probability and complex quantum trajectories: Finding the missing links
John, Moncy V., E-mail: moncyjohn@yahoo.co.u [Department of Physics, St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry, Kerala 689641 (India)
2010-10-15
It is shown that a normalisable probability density can be defined for the entire complex plane in the modified de Broglie-Bohm quantum mechanics, which gives complex quantum trajectories. This work is in continuation of a previous one that defined a conserved probability for most of the regions in the complex space in terms of a trajectory integral, indicating a dynamical origin of quantum probability. There it was also shown that the quantum trajectories obtained are the same characteristic curves that propagate information about the conserved probability density. Though the probability density we now adopt for those regions left out in the previous work is not conserved locally, the net source of probability for such regions is seen to be zero in the example considered, allowing to make the total probability conserved. The new combined probability density agrees with the Born's probability everywhere on the real line, as required. A major fall out of the present scheme is that it explains why in the classical limit the imaginary parts of trajectories are not observed even indirectly and particles are confined close to the real line.
Derivation of the coefficient squared probability law in quantum mechanics
Casey Blood
2013-06-02
If one assumes there is probability of perception in quantum mechanics, then unitarity dictates that it must have the coefficient squared form, in agreement with experiment.
Statistical Surrogate Models for Estimating Probability of High...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Statistical Surrogate Models for Estimating Probability of High-Consequence Climate Change. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Statistical Surrogate Models for Estimating...
18.440 Probability and Random Variables, Spring 2009
Dudley, Richard
This course introduces students to probability and random variables. Topics include distribution functions, binomial, geometric, hypergeometric, and Poisson distributions. The other topics covered are uniform, exponential, ...
Ruin probabilities under general investments and heavy-tailed claims
Hult, Henrik
2008-01-01
In this paper we study the asymptotic decay of finite time ruin probabilities for an insurance company that faces heavy-tailed claims, uses predictable investment strategies and makes investments in risky assets whose prices evolve according to quite general semimartingales. We show that the ruin problem corresponds to determining hitting probabilities for the solution to a randomly perturbed stochastic integral equation. We derive a large deviation result for the hitting probabilities that holds uniformly over a family of semimartingales and show that this result gives the asymptotic decay of finite time ruin probabilities under arbitrary investment strategies, including optimal investment strategies.
1 Design by Autonomous Learning Design by Autonomous Learning
Prabhakar, Sattiraju
1 Design by Autonomous Learning Design by Autonomous Learning: Modeling Environment for Design Box 123, Broadway NSW 2007, Australia Email: {prabhakar, gjsmith}@socs.uts.edu.au 1. Design by Autonomous Learning An important area of expertise robots can provide is design of artefacts in physical
NONE
1996-08-01
To ensure research and development programs focus on the most pressing environmental restoration and waste management problems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) established a working group in August 1993 to implement a new approach to research and technology development. As part of this new approach, EM developed a management structure and principles that led to the creation of specific Focus Areas. These organizations were designed to focus the scientific and technical talent throughout DOE and the national scientific community on the major environmental restoration and waste management problems facing DOE. The Focus Area approach provides the framework for intersite cooperation and leveraging of resources on common problems. After the original establishment of five major Focus Areas within the Office of Technology Development (EM-50, now called the Office of Science and Technology), the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (EM-66) followed the structure already in place in EM-50 and chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA). The following information outlines the scope and mission of the EM, EM-60, and EM-66 organizations as related to the PFA organizational structure.
Design Editorial Design Intent
Papalambros, Panos
Journal of Mechanical Design Editorial Design Intent Is this paper suitable for JMD of criteria to answer the question. As editor of JMD, apart from the obvious criteria of quality and research assumed my editorial duties is the paper's design intent. It was in that spirit that I wrote the Design
Announced Dynamic Access Probability protocol for next generation wireless networks
Levy, Hanoch
Announced Dynamic Access Probability protocol for next generation wireless networks Z. NAOR #3; H probability. Keywords: wireless networks, multiple access, MAC #3; naorz@post.tau.ac.il y hanoch@cs.tau.ac.il 1 #12; 1 Introduction Wireless networks are rapidly expanding. Future satellite-based networks
Probability distributions of land surface wind speeds over North America
Dai, Aiguo
Probability distributions of land surface wind speeds over North America Yanping He,1 Adam Hugh of the probability distributions of surface wind speeds (SWS) is essential for surface flux estimation, wind power estimation, and wind risk assessments. The two-parameter Weibull distribution is the most widely used
Efficient Posterior Probability Mapping Using Savage-Dickey Ratios
Penny, Will
Efficient Posterior Probability Mapping Using Savage- Dickey Ratios William D. Penny*, Gerard R interactive manner. Citation: Penny WD, Ridgway GR (2013) Efficient Posterior Probability Mapping Using Savage, 2013 Copyright: Ã? 2013 Penny, Ridgway. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms
A discussion on the origin of quantum probabilities
Holik, Federico; Departamento de Matemática - Ciclo Básico Común, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabellón III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires ; Sáenz, Manuel; Plastino, Angel
2014-01-15
We study the origin of quantum probabilities as arising from non-Boolean propositional-operational structures. We apply the method developed by Cox to non distributive lattices and develop an alternative formulation of non-Kolmogorovian probability measures for quantum mechanics. By generalizing the method presented in previous works, we outline a general framework for the deduction of probabilities in general propositional structures represented by lattices (including the non-distributive case). -- Highlights: •Several recent works use a derivation similar to that of R.T. Cox to obtain quantum probabilities. •We apply Cox’s method to the lattice of subspaces of the Hilbert space. •We obtain a derivation of quantum probabilities which includes mixed states. •The method presented in this work is susceptible to generalization. •It includes quantum mechanics and classical mechanics as particular cases.
Minimum Aberration Blocking Schemes for 128-Run Designs
Xu, Hongquan; Mee, Robert W.
2010-01-01
Probability Plots for the Foundry Example q C q effectsDesign Implementation in a Foundry: A Case Study,” Qualitywith blocks. For this foundry experiment, blocks represented
Minimum Aberration Blocking Schemes for 128-Run Designs
Hongquan Xu; Robert W. Mee
2011-01-01
Probability Plots for the Foundry Example q C q effectsDesign Implementation in a Foundry: A Case Study,” Qualitywith blocks. For this foundry experiment, blocks represented
Performance of the Rayleigh task based on the posterior probability of tomographic reconstructions
Hanson, K.M.
1991-01-01
We seek the best possible performance of the Rayleigh task in which one must decide whether a perceived object is a pair of Gaussian-blurred points or a blurred line. Two Bayesian reconstruction algorithms are used, the first based on a Gaussian prior-probability distribution with a nonnegativity constraint and the second based on an entropic prior. In both cases, the reconstructions are found that maximize the posterior probability. We compare the performance of the Rayleigh task obtained with two decision variables, the logarithm of the posterior probability ratio and the change in the mean-squared deviation from the reconstruction. The method of evaluation is based on the results of a numerical testing procedure in which the stated discrimination task is carried out on reconstructions of a randomly generated sequence of images. The ability to perform the Rayleigh task is summarized in terms of a discrimination index that is derived from the area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve. We find that the use of the posterior probability does not result in better performance of the Rayleigh task than the mean-squared deviation from the reconstruction. 10 refs., 6 figs.
2014-01-01
Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of a ventilation and air conditioning system for the ECN3 experimental area and the TCC8 and GHN300 service tunnels and for the dismantling of the existing system
Advanced Materials by Design: Programable Transient Electronics...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Advanced Materials by Design: Programable Transient Electronics Transient materials is an emerging area of materials design with the key attribute being the ability to physically...
Design for manufacturability Design verification
Patel, Chintan
ITRS Design #12;Design · Design for manufacturability · Design verification #12;Design for Manufacturability · Architecture challenges · Logic and circuit challenges · Layout and physical design challenges · Expected to be the source of multiple DFM challenges · Invest in variability reduction or design
Lower and upper probabilities in the distributive lattice of subsystems
A. Vourdas
2014-10-08
The set of subsystems of a finite quantum system (with variables in Z(n)) together with logical connectives, is a distributive lattice. With regard to this lattice, the (where P(m) is the projector to) obeys a supermodularity inequality, and it is interpreted as a lower probability in the sense of the Dempster-Shafer theory, and not as a Kolmogorov probability. It is shown that the basic concepts of the Dempster-Shafer theory (lower and upper probabilities and the Dempster multivaluedness) are pertinent to the quantum formalism of finite systems.
MATH 471 PROBABILITY UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII AT MANOA
Faber, Xander
MATH 471 Â PROBABILITY UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII AT MANOA FALL 2012 Professor Info: Dr. Xander Faber 404 Physical Sciences Building xander@math.hawaii.edu www.math.hawaii.edu/xander/ Office Hours -- MW 10
Rateless Code Based Multimedia Multicasting with Outage Probability Constraints
Blostein, Steven D.
Rateless Code Based Multimedia Multicasting with Outage Probability Constraints Wei Sheng, Wai encoding transmission (PET)-based packetization structure [1] combined with rateless codes. Outage is capable of minimizing the transmission cost while simultaneously guaranteeing outage prob- ability
Review of Literature for Model Assisted Probability of Detection
Meyer, Ryan M.; Crawford, Susan L.; Lareau, John P.; Anderson, Michael T.
2014-09-30
This is a draft technical letter report for NRC client documenting a literature review of model assisted probability of detection (MAPOD) for potential application to nuclear power plant components for improvement of field NDE performance estimations.
Toward a Full Probability Model of Edges in Natural Images
linear decompositions of an image into basis images. Our work is inspired by David Marr's ideas [17 called \\primal sketch". The basic questions we ask are: What are the probability distributions of Marr
Probability 1 computation with chemical reaction networks Rachel Cummings
Probability 1 computation with chemical reaction networks Rachel Cummings David Doty David Soloveichik§ Abstract The computational power of stochastic chemical reaction networks (CRNs) varies signifi computation. How can chemical reactions process information, make decisions, and solve problems? A natural
Forecasting the probability of forest fires in Northeast Texas
Wadleigh, Stuart Allen
1972-01-01
FORECASTING THE PROBABILITY OF FOREST FIRES IN NORTHEAST TEXAS A Thesis by STUART ALLEN WADLEIGH Submit ted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1972 Major Subject: Meteorology FORECASTING THE PROBABILITY OF FOREST FIRES IN NORTHEAST TEXAS A Thesis by STUART ALLEN WADLEIGH Approved as to style and content by: ( irman of ee) (Head of Depar nt) (Member) (Member) December 1972 c...
The resonance absorption probability function for neutron and multiplicative integral
V. D. Rusov; V. A. Tarasov; S. I. Kosenko; S. A. Chernegenko
2012-08-05
The analytical approximations for the moderating neutrons flux density like Fermi spectra, widely used in reactor physics, involve the probability function for moderating neutron to avoid the resonant absorption obtained using some restrictive assumptions regarding the acceptable resonances width. By means of multiplicative integral (Volterra integral) theory for a commutative algebra an analytical expression for the probability function is obtained rigorously without any restrictive assumptions.
Calculating the probability of detecting radio signals from alien civilizations
Horvat, Marko
2006-01-01
Although it might not be self-evident, it is in fact entirely possible to calculate the probability of detecting alien radio signals by understanding what types of extraterrestrial radio emissions can be expected and what properties these emissions can have. Using the Drake equation as the obvious starting point, and logically identifying and enumerating constraints of interstellar radio communications can yield the probability of detecting a genuine alien radio signal.
Calculating the probability of detecting radio signals from alien civilizations
Marko Horvat
2007-07-14
Although it might not be self-evident, it is in fact entirely possible to calculate the probability of detecting alien radio signals by understanding what types of extraterrestrial radio emissions can be expected and what properties these emissions can have. Using the Drake equation as the obvious starting point, and logically identifying and enumerating constraints of interstellar radio communications can yield the probability of detecting a genuine alien radio signal.
Linear feature selection and the probability of misclassification
Darcey, Louise Wilson
1974-01-01
) (Member) May 1974 ABSTRACT Linear Feature Selecti. on and the Probability of Misclassification. (May 1974) Louise Wilson Darcey, B. S. , University of Texas at Austin Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. L. F. Guseman, Jr. A classifi. cation... procedure for n-dimensional normally distributed observation vectors which belong to one of two populations is described. In particular, a computational procedure is presented for finding a lxn vector B which minimizes the probability...
Characterizing common cause closedness of quantum probability theories
Yuichiro Kitajima; Miklos Redei
2015-03-15
We prove new results on common cause closedness of quantum probability spaces, where by a quantum probability space is meant the projection lattice of a non-commutative von Neumann algebra together with a countably additive probability measure on the lattice. Common cause closedness is the feature that for every correlation between a pair of commuting projections there exists in the lattice a third projection commuting with both of the correlated projections and which is a Reichenbachian common cause of the correlation. The main result we prove is that a quantum probability space is common cause closed if and only if it has at most one measure theoretic atom. This result improves earlier ones published in Z. GyenisZ and M. Redei Erkenntnis 79 (2014) 435-451. The result is discussed from the perspective of status of the Common Cause Principle. Open problems on common cause closedness of general probability spaces $(\\mathcal{L},\\phi)$ are formulated, where $\\mathcal{L}$ is an orthomodular bounded lattice and $\\phi$ is a probability measure on $\\mathcal{L}$.
Probability of the most massive cluster under non-Gaussian initial conditions
Laura Cayón; Christopher Gordon; Joseph Silk
2011-03-22
Very massive high redshift clusters can be used to constrain and test the Lambda CDM model. Taking into account the observational constraints of Jee et al. (2009) we have calculated the probability for the most massive cluster to be found in the range (5.2-7.6)e14 M_sun, between redshifts 1.4-2.2, with a sky area of 11 sqdeg and under non-Gaussian initial conditions. Clusters constrain the non-Gaussianity on smaller scales than current cosmic microwave background or halo bias data and so can be used to test for running of the non-Gaussianity parameter f_NL.
Area Activation 1 Running Head: AREA ACTIVATION
Pomplun, Marc
Area Activation 1 Running Head: AREA ACTIVATION Advancing Area Activation towards a General Model at Boston 100 Morrissey Boulevard Boston, MA 02125-3393 USA Phone: 617-287-6485 Fax: 617-287-6433 e. Without great effort, human observers clearly outperform every current artificial vision system in tasks
Shewchuk, Jonathan
, energy, infrastructure or transport. Participants in this specialization area work closely with the GreenConcentration in Green Design Research and Education Opportunities Carnegie Mellon University Civil and Environmental Engineering www.ce.cmu.edu M.S. Concentration Green Design - Course Only Track As an extension
Handy, Susan L.
Road Design Susan Handy TTP Orientation Seminar October 2014 #12;Lots of Pavement! #12;Level metro areas Planning Local Planning Public Works Local streets Planning Building Operating Road Design · What are the two main purposes of streets/roads/highways? · What's the main difference between streets
Some Applications of the Fractional Poisson Probability Distribution
Nick Laskin
2011-11-17
Physical and mathematical applications of fractional Poisson probability distribution have been presented. As a physical application, a new family of quantum coherent states has been introduced and studied. As mathematical applications, we have discovered and developed the fractional generalization of Bell polynomials, Bell numbers, and Stirling numbers. Appearance of fractional Bell polynomials is natural if one evaluates the diagonal matrix element of the evolution operator in the basis of newly introduced quantum coherent states. Fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind have been applied to evaluate skewness and kurtosis of the fractional Poisson probability distribution function. A new representation of Bernoulli numbers in terms of fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind has been obtained. A representation of Schlafli polynomials in terms of fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind has been found. A new representations of Mittag-Leffler function involving fractional Bell polynomials and fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind have been discovered. Fractional Stirling numbers of the first kind have been introduced and studied. Two new polynomial sequences associated with fractional Poisson probability distribution have been launched and explored. The relationship between new polynomials and the orthogonal Charlier polynomials has also been investigated. In the limit case when the fractional Poisson probability distribution becomes the Poisson probability distribution, all of the above listed developments and implementations turn into the well-known results of quantum optics, the theory of combinatorial numbers and the theory of orthogonal polynomials of discrete variable.
A statistical analysis of personnel contaminations in 200 Area facilities
Wagner, M.A.; Stoddard, D.H.
1983-05-18
This study determined the frequency statistics of personnel contaminations in 200 Area facilities. These statistics are utilized in probability calculations for contamination risks, and are part of an effort to provide reliable information for use in safety studies. Data for this analysis were obtained from the 200 Area and the Tritium Area Fault Tree Data Banks and were analyzed with the aid of the STATPAC computer code.
Regulating new construction in historic areas
Sellers-Garcia, Oliver
2006-01-01
This study is an examination of how the restrictiveness of different design regulations impacts the process of new construction in historic areas. The North End, South End, and Back Bay neighborhoods of Boston were identified ...
Baker, Jack W.
goals that structures should achieve. Despite the significant uncertainty in future ground motion oc12th International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering of deriving seismic design response spectra for use in structural engineering design checks. The proposed
Large Area Vacuum Deposited Coatings
Martin, Peter M.
2003-04-30
It's easy to make the myriad of types of large area and decorative coatings for granted. We probably don't even think about most of them; the low-e and heat mirror coatings on our windows and car windows, the mirrors in displays, antireflection coatings on windows and displays, protective coatings on aircraft windows, heater coatings on windshields and aircraft windows, solar reflectors, thin film solar cells, telescope mirrors, Hubble mirrors, transparent conductive coatings, and the list goes on. All these products require large deposition systems and chambers. Also, don't forget that large batches of small substrates or parts are coated in large chambers. In order to be cost effective hundreds of ophthalmic lenses, automobile reflectors, display screens, lamp reflectors, cell phone windows, laser reflectors, DWDM filters, are coated in batches.
Geology Report: Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site DOE/Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada
NSTec Environmental Management
2006-07-01
Surficial geologic studies near the Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site (RWMS) were conducted as part of a site characterization program. Studies included evaluation of the potential for future volcanism and Area 3 fault activity that could impact waste disposal operations at the Area 3 RWMS. Future volcanic activity could lead to disruption of the Area 3 RWMS. Local and regional studies of volcanic risk indicate that major changes in regional volcanic activity within the next 1,000 years are not likely. Mapped basalts of Paiute Ridge, Nye Canyon, and nearby Scarp Canyon are Miocene in age. There is a lack of evidence for post-Miocene volcanism in the subsurface of Yucca Flat, and the hazard of basaltic volcanism at the Area 3 RWMS, within the 1,000-year regulatory period, is very low and not a forseeable future event. Studies included a literature review and data analysis to evaluate unclassified published and unpublished information regarding the Area 3 and East Branch Area 3 faults mapped in Area 3 and southern Area 7. Two trenches were excavated along the Area 3 fault to search for evidence of near-surface movement prior to nuclear testing. Allostratigraphic units and fractures were mapped in Trenches ST02 and ST03. The Area 3 fault is a plane of weakness that has undergone strain resulting from stress imposed by natural events and underground nuclear testing. No major vertical displacement on the Area 3 fault since the Early Holocene, and probably since the Middle Pleistocene, can be demonstrated. The lack of major displacement within this time frame and minimal vertical extent of minor fractures suggest that waste disposal operations at the Area 3 RWMS will not be impacted substantially by the Area 3 fault, within the regulatory compliance period. A geomorphic surface map of Yucca Flat utilizes the recent geomorphology and soil characterization work done in adjacent northern Frenchman Flat. The approach taken was to adopt the map unit boundaries (line work) of Swadley and Hoover (1990) and re-label these with map unit designations like those in northern Frenchman Flat (Huckins-Gang et al, 1995a,b,c; Snyder et al, 1995a,b,c,d).
Probability around the Quantum Gravity. Part 1: Planar Pure Gravity
Probability around the Quantum Gravity. Part 1: Planar Pure Gravity V.A.Malyshev \\Lambda September 17, 1998 Abstract In this paper we study stochastic dynamics which leaves quantum gravity equilibrium science and biology. At the same time the paper can serve an intro duction to quantum gravity
Probability Density Function Estimation Using Orthogonal Forward Regression
Chen, Sheng
Probability Density Function Estimation Using Orthogonal Forward Regression S. Chen, X. Hong and C estimation is formulated as a regression problem and the orthogonal forward regression tech- nique is adopted procedure. Two examples are used to demonstrate the ability of this regression- based approach
MAS 108 Probability I Notes 1 Autumn 2005
Bailey, R. A.
.) If I toss a coin three times and record the results of the three tosses, the sample space is S = {HHH' and B the event `tails on last throw'. Then A = {HHH,HHT,HTH,THH}, B = {HHT, it is {HHH}). If A = {a} is a simple event, then the proba- bility of A is just the probability
Rutgers Applied Probability Conference Department of Management Science & Information Systems
2nd Rutgers Applied Probability Conference Department of Management Science & Information Systems and the Management Sciences, New Jersey Chapter Stochastic Methods in Information Technology December 6 in memory of Research and the Management Sciences, New Jersey Chapter Stochastic Methods in Information Technology Ben
Probability Distribution of Low Streamflow Series in the United States
Vogel, Richard M.
estimates are crucial for: 1 water quality man- agement; 2 issuing or renewing National Pollution Discharge Elimination System NPDES permits; 3 planning water sup- plies, hydropower, cooling and irrigation systems the frequency of low streamflow series can be adequately modeled using a particular probability distribution
What is the probability of a thermodynamical transition?
Álvaro M. Alhambra; Jonathan Oppenheim; Christopher Perry
2015-04-07
If the second law of thermodynamics forbids a transition from one state to another, then it is still possible to make the transition happen by using a sufficient amount of work. But if we do not have access to this amount of work, can the transition happen probabilistically? In the thermodynamic limit, this probability tends to zero, but here we find that for finite-sized systems, it can be finite. We compute the maximum probability of a transition or a thermodynamical fluctuation from any initial state to any final state, and show that this maximum can be achieved for any final state which is block-diagonal in the energy eigenbasis. We also find upper and lower bounds on this transition probability, in terms of the work of transition. As a bi-product, we introduce a finite set of thermodynamical monotones related to the thermo-majorization criteria which governs state transitions, and compute the work of transition in terms of them. The trade-off between the probability of a transition, and any partial work added to aid in that transition is also considered. Our results have applications in entanglement theory, and we find the amount of entanglement required (or gained) when transforming one pure entangled state into any other.
STATISTICAL ASSESSMENT OF PROBABILITY OF DETECTION FOR AUTOMATED EDDY CURRENT
STATISTICAL ASSESSMENT OF PROBABILITY OF DETECTION FOR AUTOMATED EDDY CURRENT NONDESTRUCTIVE for Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA Abstract: Eddy current inspection is widely response collected using our motion controlled eddy current inspection system, are used in the analysis
Time-of-arrival probabilities for general particle detectors
Charis Anastopoulos; Ntina Savvidou
2012-07-16
We develop a general framework for the construction of probabilities for the time of arrival in quantum systems. The time of arrival is identified with the time instant when a transition in the detector's degrees of freedom takes place. Thus, its definition is embedded within the larger issue of defining probabilities with respect to time for general quantum transitions. The key point in our analysis is that we manage to reduce the problem of defining a quantum time observable to a mathematical model where time is associated to a transition from a subspace of the Hilbert space of the total system to its complementary subspace. This property makes it possible to derive a general expression for the probability for the time of transition, valid for any quantum system, with the only requirement that the time of transition is correlated with a definite macroscopic record. The framework developed here allows for the consideration of any experimental configuration for the measurement of the time of arrival and it also applies to relativistic systems with interactions described by quantum field theory. We use the method in order to describe time-of-arrival measurements in high-energy particle reactions and for a rigorous derivation of the time-integrated probabilities in particle oscillations.
Neural Network Probability Estimation for Broad Coverage Parsing
(Ratnaparkhi, 1999; Collins, 1999; Charniak, 2001) are based on a history-based probability model (Black et al-crafted finite set of features to represent the unbounded parse history (Ratna- parkhi, 1999; Collins, 1999 Sim- ple Synchrony Networks (SSNs) (Lane and Hen- derson, 2001; Henderson, 2000). Because
Grinstead and Snell's Introduction to Probability The CHANCE Project1
Zhou, Harrison Huibin
to Probability, 2nd edition', published by the American Mathematical So- ciety, Copyright (C) 2003 Charles M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433 11.4 Fundamental Limit Theorem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447 11.5 Mean First of chance. Problems like those Pascal and Fermat solved continued to influence such early researchers
The Emergence and Interpretation of Probability in Bohmian Mechanics1
Callender, Craig
The Emergence and Interpretation of Probability in Bohmian Mechanics1 The Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics is capable of illustrating, by itself, virtually every philosophical and foundational comes in many forms, both stochastic and deterministic. The other reason is that quantum mechanics
Quantum mechanical reaction probabilities with a power series Green's function
Miller, William H.
Quantum mechanical reaction probabilities with a power series Green's function Scott M. Auerbach 1993) We present a new method to compute the energy Green's function with absorbing boundary conditions be superior to the fast Fourier transform method for reactive scattering. We apply the resulting power series
Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Implications of Personal Probability for Induction
Barrett, Jeffrey A.
Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Implications of Personal Probability for Induction Author(s): Leonard J. Savage Source: The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 64, No. 19, Sixty-Fourth Annual Meeting of the American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division (Oct. 5, 1967), pp. 593-607 Published by: Journal of Philosophy, Inc
Word learning, phonological short-term memory, phonotactic probability and
Gupta, Prahlad
Word learning, phonological short-term memory, phonotactic probability and long-term memory of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA Word learning is studied in a multitude of ways, and it is often for thinking about various types of studies of word learning. We then review a number of themes that in recent
A converse Lyapunov theorem for asymptotic stability in probability
Hespanha, João Pedro
1 A converse Lyapunov theorem for asymptotic stability in probability A.R. Teel, J.P. Hespanha, A. Subbaraman Abstract A converse Lyapunov theorem is established for discrete-time stochastic systems with non implies the existence of a continuous Lyapunov function, smooth outside of the attractor, that decreases
Spin flip probability of electron in a uniform magnetic field
Hammond, Richard T. [Department of Physics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina and Army Research Office, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27703 (United States)
2012-03-19
The probability that an electromagnetic wave can flip the spin of an electron is calculated. It is assumed that the electron resides in a uniform magnetic field and interacts with an incoming electromagnetic pulse. The scattering matrix is constructed and the time needed to flip the spin is calculated.
Math 30530: Introduction to Probability, Fall 2012 Midterm Exam I
Galvin, David
), brewing the elixir of life (40% of the times) and creating the Philosopher's stone (40% of the time). When he tries to turn lead into gold, the result always ends with a explosion; when he brews the elixir conclude is the probability that he has just missed a demonstration of brewing the elixir of life? Solution
A Probability Analysis for Frequent Itemset Mining Algorithms Nele Dexters
Antwerpen, Universiteit
M Research Group, University of Antwerp, Belgium Since the introduction of the Frequent Itemset Mining (FIMA Probability Analysis for Frequent Itemset Mining Algorithms Nele Dexters PhD student, ADRe, Mining Association Rules between Sets of Items in Large Databases, in Proc. ACM SIGMOD Conference
CLIMATE RISK COMMUNICATION: EFFECTS OF COST, TIMING, AND PROBABILITY OF
Spirtes, Peter
Chapter 2 CLIMATE RISK COMMUNICATION: EFFECTS OF COST, TIMING, AND PROBABILITY OF CLIMATE of Technology, Mandi, India 2 Dynamic Decision Making Laboratory, Department of Social and Decision Sciences the psychology of policymaking on climate change. Yet, experiencing climate change consequences in movies
THE FOURIERSERIES METHOD FOR INVERTING TRANSFORMS OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
Whitt, Ward
Ward Whitt 900 Hammond Road AT&T Bell Laboratories Ridgewood, NJ 074502908 Room 2C178 Murray Hill, NJ; THE FOURIERSERIES METHOD FOR INVERTING TRANSFORMS OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS by Joseph Abate Ward Whitt 900 Hammond Road AT&T Bell Laboratories Ridgewood, NJ 074502908 Room 2C178 Murray Hill, NJ 07974
STATISTICAL HYPOTHESIS GENERATION: DETERMINING THE MOST PROBABLE SUBSET
California at Los Angeles, University of
, of a scientific production line in which data is fed into one end and knowledge comes out of the other. Gauss for a partially automated hypothesis formulation process. The proposed hypothesis formulation process generates, the one that seems more probable should always be chosen (1713). Because of the automated nature
Duffy, Stephen
2013-09-09
This project will implement inelastic constitutive models that will yield the requisite stress-strain information necessary for graphite component design. Accurate knowledge of stress states (both elastic and inelastic) is required to assess how close a nuclear core component is to failure. Strain states are needed to assess deformations in order to ascertain serviceability issues relating to failure, e.g., whether too much shrinkage has taken place for the core to function properly. Failure probabilities, as opposed to safety factors, are required in order to capture the bariability in failure strength in tensile regimes. The current stress state is used to predict the probability of failure. Stochastic failure models will be developed that can accommodate possible material anisotropy. This work will also model material damage (i.e., degradation of mechanical properties) due to radiation exposure. The team will design tools for components fabricated from nuclear graphite. These tools must readily interact with finite element software--in particular, COMSOL, the software algorithm currently being utilized by the Idaho National Laboratory. For the eleastic response of graphite, the team will adopt anisotropic stress-strain relationships available in COMSO. Data from the literature will be utilized to characterize the appropriate elastic material constants.
Form and territory : a comparison between four areas in Cairo
Bakr, Sawsan El Sayed
1981-01-01
In the design of the built environment, it is very important to understand and realize the importance of design decisions such as - The form of the environment to be created. - The percentage of the open and built areas . ...
ECE 450/1: Digital System Design Knowledge of Design Methodology
Connors, Daniel A.
, control) - Design trade-offs (area, speed, power) - Design methodology and design flow for complex logicECE 450/1: Digital System Design Knowledge of Design Methodology and Design Flow - ECE102 Pre-requisites: - Understands complex logic minimization through QM and CAD methods Switching Theory Finite-State Machines Gates
Probability distribution functions in the finite density lattice QCD
S. Ejiri; Y. Nakagawa; S. Aoki; K. Kanaya; H. Saito; T. Hatsuda; H. Ohno; T. Umeda
2012-12-04
We study the phase structure of QCD at high temperature and density by lattice QCD simulations adopting a histogram method. We try to solve the problems which arise in the numerical study of the finite density QCD, focusing on the probability distribution function (histogram). As a first step, we investigate the quark mass dependence and the chemical potential dependence of the probability distribution function as a function of the Polyakov loop when all quark masses are sufficiently large, and study the properties of the distribution function. The effect from the complex phase of the quark determinant is estimated explicitly. The shape of the distribution function changes with the quark mass and the chemical potential. Through the shape of the distribution, the critical surface which separates the first order transition and crossover regions in the heavy quark region is determined for the 2+1-flavor case.
Systematics of fusion probability in "hot" fusion reactions
Ning Wang; Junlong Tian; Werner Scheid
2011-12-28
The fusion probability in "hot" fusion reactions leading to the synthesis of super-heavy nuclei is investigated systematically. The quasi-fission barrier influences the formation of the super-heavy nucleus around the "island of stability" in addition to the shell correction. Based on the quasi-fission barrier height obtained with the Skyrme energy-density functional, we propose an analytical expression for the description of the fusion probability, with which the measured evaporation residual cross sections can be reproduced acceptably well. Simultaneously, some special fusion reactions for synthesizing new elements 119 and 120 are studied. The predicted evaporation residual cross sections for 50Ti+249Bk are about 10-150fb at energies around the entrance-channel Coulomb barrier. For the fusion reactions synthesizing element 120 with projectiles 54Cr and 58Fe, the cross sections fall to a few femtobarns which seems beyond the limit of the available facilities.
What Determines the Sticking Probability of Water Molecules on Ice?
Batista, Enrique; Ayotte, Patrick; Bilic , Ante; Kay, Bruce D.; Jonsson, Hannes
2005-11-22
We present both experimental and theoretical studies of the sticking of water molecules on ice. The sticking probability is unity over a wide range in energy (0.5 eV–1.5 eV) when the molecules are incident along the surface normal, but drops as the angle increases at high incident energy. This is explained in terms of the strong orientational dependence of the interaction of the molecule with the surface and the time required for the reorientation of the molecule. The sticking probability is found to scale with the component of the incident velocity in the plane of the surface, unlike the commonly assumed normal or total energy scaling.
Economic choices reveal probability distortion in macaque monkeys
Stauffer, William R.; Lak, Armin; Bossaerts, Peter; Schultz, Wolfram
2015-02-17
, similar to humans, monkeys displayed an inverted S-shaped probability weighting function with a crossover point below p? 0.5. Materials andMethods Animals and experimental setup. Twomale rhesusmonkeys (Macacamu- latta) were used for these studies (9... - portional to the SD of a binomial distribution, ?? p ? ?1 ? p?, and po- sition LR indicated the position (right or left) of the cues on the screen. Each regression coefficient was standardized by multiplying the raw re- gression coefficient with the ratio...
Using percolation techniques to estimate interwell connectivity probability
Li, Weiqiang
2009-06-02
results for fluid travel time between locations in a percolation model, we developed a method to estimate interwell connectivity. Three parameters are needed to use this approach: the sandbody occupied probability sand p , the dimensionless reservoir... and can estimate the interwell connectivity accurately for thin intervals with sand p in the 60% to 80% range. The proposed method requires that the reservoir interval for evaluation be sufficiently thin so that 2D percolation results can...
Simple and Compact Expressions for Neutrino Oscillation Probabilities in Matter
Hisakazu Minakata; Stephen J Parke
2015-05-07
We reformulate perturbation theory for neutrino oscillations in matter with an expansion parameter related to the ratio of the solar to the atmospheric Delta m^2 scales. Unlike previous works, we use a renormalized basis in which certain first-order effects are taken into account in the zeroth-order Hamiltonian. Using this perturbation theory we derive extremely compact expressions for the neutrino oscillation probabilities in matter. We find, for example, that the $\
Evaluations of Structural Failure Probabilities and Candidate Inservice Inspection Programs
Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Simonen, Fredric A.
2009-05-01
The work described in this report applies probabilistic structural mechanics models to predict the reliability of nuclear pressure boundary components. These same models are then applied to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative programs for inservice inspection to reduce these failure probabilities. Results of the calculations support the development and implementation of risk-informed inservice inspection of piping and vessels. Studies have specifically addressed the potential benefits of ultrasonic inspections to reduce failure probabilities associated with fatigue crack growth and stress-corrosion cracking. Parametric calculations were performed with the computer code pc-PRAISE to generate an extensive set of plots to cover a wide range of pipe wall thicknesses, cyclic operating stresses, and inspection strategies. The studies have also addressed critical inputs to fracture mechanics calculations such as the parameters that characterize the number and sizes of fabrication flaws in piping welds. Other calculations quantify uncertainties associated with the inputs calculations, the uncertainties in the fracture mechanics models, and the uncertainties in the resulting calculated failure probabilities. A final set of calculations address the effects of flaw sizing errors on the effectiveness of inservice inspection programs.
What is the probability that radiation caused a particular cancer
Voelz, G.L.
1983-01-01
Courts, lawyers, health physicists, physicians, and others are searching for a credible answer to the question posed in the title of this paper. The cases in which the question arises frequently stem from an individual that has cancer and they, or their next-of-kin, are convinced that a past radiation exposure - usually small - is responsible for causing it. An arithmetic expression of this problem is simple: the probability of causation by the radiation dose in question is equal to the risk of cancer from the radiation dose divided by the risk of cancer from all causes. The application of risk factors to this equation is not so simple. It must involve careful evaluation of the reliability of and variations in risk coefficients for development of cancer due to radiation exposure, other carcinogenic agents, and natural causes for the particular individual. Examination of our knowledge of these various factors indicates that a large range in the answers can result due to the variability and imprecision of the data. Nevertheless, the attempts to calculate and the probability that radiation caused the cancer is extremely useful to provide a gross perspective on the probability of causation. It will likely rule in or out a significant number of cases despite the limitations in our understandings of the etiology of cancer and the risks from various factors. For the remaining cases, a thoughtful and educated judgment based on selected data and circumstances of the case will also be needed before the expert can develop and support his opinion.
Recursive recovery of Markov transition probabilities from boundary value data
Patch, S.K.
1994-04-01
In an effort to mathematically describe the anisotropic diffusion of infrared radiation in biological tissue Gruenbaum posed an anisotropic diffusion boundary value problem in 1989. In order to accommodate anisotropy, he discretized the temporal as well as the spatial domain. The probabilistic interpretation of the diffusion equation is retained; radiation is assumed to travel according to a random walk (of sorts). In this random walk the probabilities with which photons change direction depend upon their previous as well as present location. The forward problem gives boundary value data as a function of the Markov transition probabilities. The inverse problem requires finding the transition probabilities from boundary value data. Problems in the plane are studied carefully in this thesis. Consistency conditions amongst the data are derived. These conditions have two effects: they prohibit inversion of the forward map but permit smoothing of noisy data. Next, a recursive algorithm which yields a family of solutions to the inverse problem is detailed. This algorithm takes advantage of all independent data and generates a system of highly nonlinear algebraic equations. Pluecker-Grassmann relations are instrumental in simplifying the equations. The algorithm is used to solve the 4 {times} 4 problem. Finally, the smallest nontrivial problem in three dimensions, the 2 {times} 2 {times} 2 problem, is solved.
Impact of Topology and Shadowing on the Outage Probability of Cellular Networks
Coupechoux, Marceau
Impact of Topology and Shadowing on the Outage Probability of Cellular Networks Jean-Marc Kelif--This paper proposes an analytical study of the shadowing impact on the outage probability in cellular radio in the outage probability. From f, we are able to derive the outage probability of a mobile station (MS
Visualization of Tokamak Operational Spaces Through the Projection of Data Probability Distributions
Visualization of Tokamak Operational Spaces Through the Projection of Data Probability Distributions
Unit 51 - GIS Application Areas
Unit 51, CC in GIS; Cowen, David; Ferguson, Warren
1990-01-01
51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS UNIT 51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS1990 Page 1 Unit 51 - GIS Application Areas Computers inyour students. UNIT 51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS Compiled with
Design intent tool: User guide
Mills, Evan; Abell, Daniel; Bell, Geoffrey; Faludi, Jeremy; Greenberg, Steve; Hitchcock, Rob; Piette, Mary Ann; Sartor, Dalei; Stum, Karl
2002-08-23
This database tool provides a structured approach to recording design decisions that impact a facility's design intent in areas such as energy efficiency.Owners and de signers alike can plan, monitor and verify that a facility's design intent is being met during each stage of the design process. Additionally, the Tool gives commissioning agents, facility operators and future owners and renovators an understanding of how the building and its subsystems are intended to operate, and thus track and benchmark performance.
Advanced materials by design: bioelectronics | The Ames Laboratory
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Advanced materials by design: bioelectronics Transient materials is an emerging area of materials design with the key attribute being the ability to physically dissolve into the...
Transmission probabilities and the Miller-Good transformation
Petarpa Boonserm; Matt Visser
2009-01-08
Transmission through a potential barrier, and the related issue of particle production from a parametric resonance, are topics of considerable general interest in quantum physics. The authors have developed a rather general bound on quantum transmission probabilities, and recently applied it to bounding the greybody factors of a Schwarzschild black hole. In the current article we take a different tack -- we use the Miller-Good transformation (which maps an initial Schrodinger equation to a final Schrodinger equation for a different potential) to significantly generalize the previous bound.
Jamming probabilities for a vacancy in the dimer model
V. S. Poghosyan; V. B. Priezzhev; P. Ruelle
2008-01-28
Following the recent proposal made by Bouttier et al [Phys. Rev. E 76, 041140 (2007)], we study analytically the mobility properties of a single vacancy in the close-packed dimer model on the square lattice. Using the spanning web representation, we find determinantal expressions for various observable quantities. In the limiting case of large lattices, they can be reduced to the calculation of Toeplitz determinants and minors thereof. The probability for the vacancy to be strictly jammed and other diffusion characteristics are computed exactly.
Transmission probabilities and the Miller-Good transformation
Boonserm, Petarpa
2008-01-01
Transmission through a potential barrier, and the related issue of particle production from a parametric resonance, are topics of considerable general interest in quantum physics. The authors have developed a rather general bound on quantum transmission probabilities, and recently applied it to bounding the greybody factors of a Schwarzschild black hole. In the current article we take a different tack -- we use the Miller-Good transformation (which maps an initial Schrodinger equation to a final Schrodinger equation for a different potential) to significantly generalize the previous bound.
Carlsbad Area Office strategic plan
NONE
1995-10-01
This edition of the Carlsbad Area Office Strategic Plan captures the U.S. Department of Energy`s new focus, and supercedes the edition issued previously in 1995. This revision reflects a revised strategy designed to demonstrate compliance with environmental regulations earlier than the previous course of action; and a focus on the selected combination of scientific investigations, engineered alternatives, and waste acceptance criteria for supporting the compliance applications. An overview of operations and historical aspects of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad, New Mexico is presented.
A short course on measure and probability theories.
PÔebay, Philippe Pierre
2004-02-01
This brief Introduction to Measure Theory, and its applications to Probabilities, corresponds to the lecture notes of a seminar series given at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, during the spring of 2003. The goal of these seminars was to provide a minimal background to Computational Combustion scientists interested in using more advanced stochastic concepts and methods, e.g., in the context of uncertainty quantification. Indeed, most mechanical engineering curricula do not provide students with formal training in the field of probability, and even in less in measure theory. However, stochastic methods have been used more and more extensively in the past decade, and have provided more successful computational tools. Scientists at the Combustion Research Facility of Sandia National Laboratories have been using computational stochastic methods for years. Addressing more and more complex applications, and facing difficult problems that arose in applications showed the need for a better understanding of theoretical foundations. This is why the seminar series was launched, and these notes summarize most of the concepts which have been discussed. The goal of the seminars was to bring a group of mechanical engineers and computational combustion scientists to a full understanding of N. WIENER'S polynomial chaos theory. Therefore, these lectures notes are built along those lines, and are not intended to be exhaustive. In particular, the author welcomes any comments or criticisms.
Absorption probability of neutrino fields and Hawking radiation
Koray Düzta?
2015-05-14
We analyse the scattering of neutrino fields (massless spin 1/2 fields) from Kerr black holes. Adopting the notation of Teukolsky and Press, we derive the connection relation between the normalizations of ingoing and outgoing waves at the horizon and at infinity. It turns out that the connection relation for neutrino waves neither depends on the frequency $\\omega$ and angular momentum quantum numbers $l,m$ of the wave, nor on the black hole parameters $M,a$. As a result of that the absorption probability of neutrino fields $\\Gamma_{lm}(\\omega)$ which determines the average number of neutrinos emitted in the mode $(\\omega,l,m)$ in Hawking radiation, does not explicitly depend on the frequency $\\omega$ and angular momentum quantum numbers $l,m$. The form of $\\Gamma$ only in terms of Teukolsky's normalizations at infinity and at the horizon is derived. This is another aspect in which neutrino fields are essentially different than bosonic fields. The independence of the absorption probability of all parameters, also implies a violation of cosmic censorship since an extremal Kerr black hole can absorb modes carrying less energy than angular momentum. This is in accord with a recent work of the author evaluating the classical interaction of Kerr black holes with neutrino fields.
Measurement of the Fusion Probability, PCN, for Hot Fusion Reactions
R. Yanez; W. Loveland; J. S. Barrett; L. Yao; B. B. Back; S. Zhu; T. L. Khoo
2013-06-17
Background: The cross section for forming a heavy evaporation residue in fusion reactions depends on the capture cross section, the fusion probability, PCN, i.e., the probability that the projectile-target system will evolve inside the fission saddle point to form a completely fused system rather than re-separating (quasifission), and the survival of the completely fused system against fission. PCN is the least known of these quantities. Purpose: To measure PCN for the reaction of 101.2 MeV 18O, 147.3 MeV 26Mg, 170.9 MeV 30Si and 195.3 MeV 36S with 197Au. Methods: We measured the fission fragment angular distributions for these reactions and used the formalism of Back to deduce the fusion-fission and quasifission cross sections. From these quantities we deduced PCN for each reaction. Results: The values of PCN for the reaction of 101.2 MeV 18O, 147.3 MeV 26Mg, 170.9 MeV 30Si and 195.3 MeV 36S with 197Au are 0.66, 1.00, 0.06, 0.13, respectively. Conclusions: The new measured values of PCN agree roughly with the semi-empirical system- atic dependence of PCN upon fissility for excited nuclei.
Adve, Raviraj
IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 11, NO. 7, JULY 2007 589 Outage Probability of Selection (SNR) regimes. We approximate the outage probability of selection cooperation for all SNR levels approximations for practical values of outage probability. Index Terms-- Outage probability, cooperative
Chemical engineers design, control and optimize large-scale chemical,
Rohs, Remo
of equilibrium phase relations and principles of material and energy balance for design, operation of Probability and Statistics for Chemical Engineers (3, Fa) Principles of probability and statistics, random to Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering (3, Fa) (Enroll in BME 410) CHE 442 Chemical Reactor Analysis (3, Fa) Basic
Prediction techniques for passive systems' probability of failure
Cavalieri d'Oro, Edoardo
2007-01-01
This work fits into the wider framework of the on-going debate centered on Passive System reliability. Its aim is to provide insights into the design of a dependable method to evaluate the reliability of Passive Systems. ...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
and roads The spatial location and boundaries for each Site shown on the Site Monitoring Area maps originate from activities conducted under the Compliance Order on Consent with...
Bhupinder Singh Anand
2015-10-13
All the known approximations of the number of primes pi(n) not exceeding any given integer n are derived from real-valued functions that are asymptotic to pi(x), such as x/log x, Li(x) and Riemann's function R(x). The degree of approximation for finite values of n is determined only heuristically, by conjecturing upon an error term in the asymptotic relation that can be seen to yield a closer approximation than others to the actual values of pi(n) within a finite range of values of n. None of these can, however, claim to estimate pi(n) uniquely for all values of n. We show that the statistical probability of n being a prime is the product (1-1/p) over all primes not exceeding the square root of n; and that statistically the expected value of the number pi(n) of primes not exceeding n is given uniquely by the sum, over all j not exceeding n, of the product (1-1/p) over all primes not exceeding the square root of j. We then demonstrate how this yields elementary probability-based proofs of the Prime Number Theorem, Dirichlect's Theorem, and the Twin-Prime Conjecture.
Molecular clouds have power-law probability distribution functions
Lombardi, Marco; Lada, Charles J
2015-01-01
In this Letter we investigate the shape of the probability distribution of column densities (PDF) in molecular clouds. Through the use of low-noise, extinction-calibrated \\textit{Herschel}/\\textit{Planck} emission data for eight molecular clouds, we demonstrate that, contrary to common belief, the PDFs of molecular clouds are not described well by log-normal functions, but are instead power laws with exponents close to two and with breaks between $A_K \\simeq 0.1$ and $0.2\\,\\mathrm{mag}$, so close to the CO self-shielding limit and not far from the transition between molecular and atomic gas. Additionally, we argue that the intrinsic functional form of the PDF cannot be securely determined below $A_K \\simeq 0.1\\,\\mathrm{mag}$, limiting our ability to investigate more complex models for the shape of the cloud PDF.
A probability theory for non-equilibrium gravitational systems
Peñarrubia, Jorge
2015-01-01
This paper uses dynamical invariants to describe the evolution of collisionless systems subject to time-dependent gravitational forces without resorting to maximum-entropy probabilities. We show that collisionless relaxation can be viewed as a special type of diffusion process in the integral-of-motion space. In time-varying potentials with a fixed spatial symmetry the diffusion coefficients are closely related to virial quantities, such as the specific moment of inertia, the virial factor and the mean kinetic and potential energy of microcanonical particle ensembles. The non-equilibrium distribution function (DF) is found by convolving the initial DF with the Green function that solves Einstein's equation for freely diffusing particles. Such a convolution also yields a natural solution to the Fokker-Planck equations in the energy space. Our mathematical formalism can be generalized to potentials with a time-varying symmetry, where diffusion extends over multiple dimensions of the integral-of-motion space. Th...
Probability distributions of some power system reliability indices
Dip, Minh
1978-01-01
of three renewal process Let {N.(t),t>0} denote the i t h renewal process. Thus i f N (t) i s the number of renewals ( f a i l u r e s ) in (0,t) in the pooled process, then: m N D(t) = E N.(t) . (13) " i=l 1 9 10 Khintchine and Gri g e l i o n i...PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS OF SOME POWER SYSTEM RELIABILITY INDICES A Thesis by MINH DIP (DIEP) Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in p a r t i a l f u l f i l l m e n t of the requirement f o r the degree of MASTER...
How to Determine the Probability of the Higgs Boson Detection
Alexander Unzicker
2009-12-02
The Higgs boson is the most important, though yet undiscovered ingredient of the standard model of particle physics. Its detection is therefore one of the most important goals of high energy physics that can guide future research in theoretical physics. Enormous efforts have been undertaken to prove the existence of the Higgs boson, and the physics community is excitedly awaiting the restart of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. But how sure can we be that the Higgs exits at all? The German philosopher Immanuel Kant recommended betting at such controversial questions, and Stephen Hawking announced a $100 bet against the Higgs. But seriously, online prediction markets, which are a generalized form of betting, do provide the best possible probability estimates for future events. It is proposed that the scientific community uses this platforms for evaluation. See also an online description www.Bet-On-The-Higgs.com.
Probability-theoretical analog of the vector Lyapunov function method
Nakonechnyi, A.N.
1995-01-01
The main ideas of the vector Lyapunov function (VLF) method were advanced in 1962 by Bellman and Matrosov. In this method, a Lyapunov function and a comparison equation are constructed for each subsystem. Then the dependences between the subsystems and the effect of external noise are allowed for by constructing a vector Lyapunov function (as a collection of the scalar Lyapunov functions of the subsystems) and an aggregate comparison function for the entire complex system. A probability-theoretical analog of this method for convergence analysis of stochastic approximation processes has been developed. The abstract approach proposed elsewhere eliminates all restrictions on the system phase space, the system trajectories, the class of Lyapunov functions, etc. The analysis focuses only on the conditions that relate sequences of Lyapunov function values with the derivative and ensure a particular type (mode, character) of stability. In our article, we extend this approach to the VLF method for discrete stochastic dynamic systems.
Bayesian failure probability model sensitivity study. Final report
Not Available
1986-05-30
The Office of the Manager, National Communications System (OMNCS) has developed a system-level approach for estimating the effects of High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) on the connectivity of telecommunications networks. This approach incorporates a Bayesian statistical model which estimates the HEMP-induced failure probabilities of telecommunications switches and transmission facilities. The purpose of this analysis is to address the sensitivity of the Bayesian model. This is done by systematically varying two model input parameters--the number of observations, and the equipment failure rates. Throughout the study, a non-informative prior distribution is used. The sensitivity of the Bayesian model to the noninformative prior distribution is investigated from a theoretical mathematical perspective.
Seismic pulse propagation with constant Q and stable probability distributions
Francesco Mainardi; Massimo Tomirotti
2010-08-07
The one-dimensional propagation of seismic waves with constant Q is shown to be governed by an evolution equation of fractional order in time, which interpolates the heat equation and the wave equation. The fundamental solutions for the Cauchy and Signalling problems are expressed in terms of entire functions (of Wright type) in the similarity variable and their behaviours turn out to be intermediate between those for the limiting cases of a perfectly viscous fluid and a perfectly elastic solid. In view of the small dissipation exhibited by the seismic pulses, the nearly elastic limit is considered. Furthermore, the fundamental solutions for the Cauchy and Signalling problems are shown to be related to stable probability distributions with index of stability determined by the order of the fractional time derivative in the evolution equation.
STATISTICAL DAMAGE CLASSIFICATION USING SEQUENTIAL PROBABILITY RATIO TESTS.
SOHN, HOON; ALLEN, DAVID W; WORDEN, KEITH; FARRAR, CHARLES R
2002-02-16
The primary objective of damage detection is to ascertain with confidence if damage is present or not within a structure of interest. In this study, a damage classification problem is cast in the context of the statistical pattern recognition paradigm. First, a time prediction model, called an autoregressive and autoregressive with exogenous inputs (AR-ARX) model, is fit to a vibration signal measured during a normal operating condition of the structure. When a new time signal is recorded from an unknown state of the system, the prediction errors are computed for the new data set using the time prediction model. When the structure undergoes structural degradation, it is expected that the prediction errors will increase for the damage case. Based on this premise, a damage classifier is constructed using a sequential hypothesis testing technique called the sequential probability ratio test (SPRT). The SPRT is one form of parametric statistical inference tests, and the adoption of the SPRT to damage detection problems can improve the early identification of conditions that could lead to performance degradation and safety concerns. The sequential test assumes a probability distribution of the sample data sets, and a Gaussian distribution of the sample data sets is often used. This assumption, however, might impose potentially misleading behavior on the extreme values of the data, i.e. those points in the tails of the distribution. As the problem of damage detection specifically focuses attention on the tails, the assumption of normality is likely to lead the analysis astray. To overcome this difficulty, the performance of the SPRT is improved by integrating extreme values statistics, which specifically models behavior in the tails of the distribution of interest into the SPRT.
Matter-enhanced transition probabilities in quantum field theory
Ishikawa, Kenzo Tobita, Yutaka
2014-05-15
The relativistic quantum field theory is the unique theory that combines the relativity and quantum theory and is invariant under the Poincaré transformation. The ground state, vacuum, is singlet and one particle states are transformed as elements of irreducible representation of the group. The covariant one particles are momentum eigenstates expressed by plane waves and extended in space. Although the S-matrix defined with initial and final states of these states hold the symmetries and are applied to isolated states, out-going states for the amplitude of the event that they are detected at a finite-time interval T in experiments are expressed by microscopic states that they interact with, and are surrounded by matters in detectors and are not plane waves. These matter-induced effects modify the probabilities observed in realistic situations. The transition amplitudes and probabilities of the events are studied with the S-matrix, S[T], that satisfies the boundary condition at T. Using S[T], the finite-size corrections of the form of 1/T are found. The corrections to Fermi’s golden rule become larger than the original values in some situations for light particles. They break Lorentz invariance even in high energy region of short de Broglie wave lengths. -- Highlights: •S-matrix S[T] for the finite-time interval in relativistic field theory. •S[T] satisfies the boundary condition and gives correction of 1/T . •The large corrections for light particles breaks Lorentz invariance. •The corrections have implications to neutrino experiments.
Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area...
Area Central Nevada Seismic Zone Pull Apart in Strike Slip Fault Zone Ordovician shale quartzite MW K Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Northwest...
Engineering by Design Ocean Engineering
Virginia Tech
Engineering by Design Ocean Engineering Bachelor of Science Degree Virginia Tech For more engineering is a diverse field. At Virginia Tech, the major focus areas are ocean energy systems and ocean in the aerospace and related industries and in the shipbuilding, naval engineering, and ship design fields. Some
Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels under the Outage
Yu, Wei
Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels under the Outage Criterion is formulated as the minimization of the outage probability subject to the transmit power constraint beamforming and power codebook sizes. We show that as the outage probability decreases, optimal joint design
Neutron Science Research Areas | ORNL
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Home | Science & Discovery | Neutron Science | Research Areas SHARE Research Areas Neutron scattering research at ORNL covers four broad research areas: biology and soft...
Track 2 sites: Guidance for assessing low probability hazard sites at the INEL. Revision 6
Not Available
1994-01-01
This document presents guidance for assessment of Track 2 low probability hazard sites (LPHS) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The Track 2 classification was developed specifically for the INEL to streamline the implementation of Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. Track 2 LPHSs are described as sites where insufficient data are available to make a decision concerning the risk level or to select or design a remedy. As such, these types of sites are not described in the National Contingency Plan or existing regulatory guidance. The goal of the Track 2 process is to evaluate LPHSs using existing qualitative and quantitative data to minimize the collection of new environmental data. To this end, this document presents a structured format consisting of a series of questions and tables. A qualitative risk assessment is used. The process is iterative, and addresses an LPHS from multiple perspectives (i.e., historical, empirical, process) in an effort to generate a reproducible and defensible method. This rigorous approach follows the data quality objective process and establishes a well organized, logical approach to consolidate and assess existing data, and set decision criteria. If necessary, the process allows for the design of a sampling and analysis strategy to obtain new environmental data of appropriate quality to support decisions for each LPHS. Finally, the guidance expedites consensus between regulatory parties by emphasizing a team approach to Track 2 investigations.
Gagliardi, D. R.
1996-01-01
to the mechanical systems of building, and in a hot and humid climate the issues are magnified. Therefore, this paper will discuss the concepts and merits of a new design process called: Engitectural Design. Engitectural Design is the concept of blending the many...
Versatile secondary beam for the meson area
Kirk, T.
1982-03-01
A new secondary beam design is outlined for the Meson M6 Beamline that combines versatility with economy. The beamline described will transport charged particles of either sign to 800 GeV/c and bring the beam to a focus in one of three potential experimental areas. The plan makes maximal use of existing civil construction.
AN -NASH EQUILIBRIUM WITH HIGH PROBABILITY FOR STRATEGIC CUSTOMERS IN HEAVY TRAFFIC
Atar, Rami
AN -NASH EQUILIBRIUM WITH HIGH PROBABILITY FOR STRATEGIC CUSTOMERS IN HEAVY TRAFFIC RAMI ATAR of an -Nash equilibrium with probability approaching 1. On way to proving this result, new diffusion limit customers; -Nash equilibrium with high probability 1. INTRODUCTION Equilibrium behavior of strategic
Ruin probabilities and de cit for the renewal risk model with phase{type interarrival times
Avram, Florin
Ruin probabilities and de#12;cit for the renewal risk model with phase{type interarrival times F killed ruin probability, de#12;cit at ruin, Sparre Andersen Model, phase{type distributions, Laplace transform of the #12;nite time ruin probability, by considering also the de#12;cit at ruin; the model
APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M. LEEMIS
Leemis, Larry
APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M having arbitrary distributions. This arti- cle presents a prototype probability package named APPL (A probability software package, referred to as "A Prob- ability Programming Language" (APPL), that fills
Low Probability Differentials and the Cryptanalysis of Full-Round CLEFIA-128
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Low Probability Differentials and the Cryptanalysis of Full-Round CLEFIA-128 Sareh Emami2, San Ling far, low probability differentials for the key schedule of block ciphers have been used to exploit particularly cho- sen differentials with a probability as low as 2-128 . CLEFIA-128 has 214
Outage Probability of the Gaussian Free Space Optical Channel with Pulse-Position Modulation
Guillén i Fàbregas, Albert
Outage Probability of the Gaussian Free Space Optical Channel with Pulse-Position Modulation Nick adopt a quasi-static block fading model and study the outage probability of the channel under gains are possible by using power allocation techniques to minimise the outage probability. I
Loyka, Sergey
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 58, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2012 6825 Outage Probability Abstract--Outage probability and capacity of a class of block- fading MIMO channels are considered under distributions. Compound outage probability defined as min (over the transmitted signal distribution) -max (over
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 57, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 319 Outage Probability of
Bhashyam, Srikrishna
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 57, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2009 319 Outage Probability on the outage probability of multiple-input single-output (MISO) fading channels. Channel state information. With perfect CSIR, under a short-term power con- straint, we determine: (a) the outage probability
von Neumann algebras and Free Probability RMS meeting, ISI Bengaluru, May 13 2009
Sunder, V S
von Neumann algebras and Free Probability RMS meeting, ISI Bengaluru, May 13 2009 V.S. Sunder von Neumann algebras and Free Probability RMS meeting, ISI Bengaluru, M #12;Groups and algebras Groups: V.S. Sunder IMSc, Chennai von Neumann algebras and Free Probability RMS meeting, ISI Bengaluru, M
Calculating failure probabilities of passive systems during transients
Mackay, Francisco J
2007-01-01
A time-dependent reliability evaluation of a two-loop passive Decay Heat Removal (DHR) system was performed as part of the iterative design process for a helium-cooled fast reactor. The system was modeled using RELAP5-3D. ...
Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
Fuels by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month No. 1 Distillate No. 2 Distillate a No. 4 Fuel b Sales to End Users Sales for...
Decontamination & decommissioning focus area
1996-08-01
In January 1994, the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE EM) formally introduced its new approach to managing DOE`s environmental research and technology development activities. The goal of the new approach is to conduct research and development in critical areas of interest to DOE, utilizing the best talent in the Department and in the national science community. To facilitate this solutions-oriented approach, the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50, formerly the Office of Technology Development) formed five Focus AReas to stimulate the required basic research, development, and demonstration efforts to seek new, innovative cleanup methods. In February 1995, EM-50 selected the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to lead implementation of one of these Focus Areas: the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) Focus Area.
Smith, R.S.U.; Yeend, W.; Dohrenwend, J.C.; Gese, D.D.
1984-01-01
This report presents the results of a mineral survey of the North Algodones Dunes Wilderness Study Area (CDCA-360), California Desert Conservation Area, Imperial County, California. The potential for undiscovered base and precious metals, and sand and gravel within the North Algodones Dunes Wilderness Study Area is low. The study area has a moderate potential for geothermal energy. One small sand-free area between the Coachella Canal and the west edge of the dune field would probably be the only feasible exploration site for geothermal energy. The study area has a moderate to high potential for the occurrence of undiscovered gas/condensate within the underlying rocks. 21 refs.
Utilizing the sequential probability ratio test for building joint monitoring
Allen, D. W. (David W.); Sohn, H. (Hoon); Worden, K.; Farrar, C. R. (Charles R.)
2002-01-01
In this application of the statistical pattern recognition paradigm, a prediction model of a chosen feature is developed from the time domain response of a baseline structure. After the model is developed, subsequent feature sets are tested against the model to determine if a change in the feature has occurred. In the proposed statistical inference for damage identification there are two basic hypotheses; (1) the model can predict the feature, in which case the structure is undamaged or (2) the model can not accurately predict the feature, suggesting that the structure is damaged. The Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT) develops a statistical method that quickly arrives at a decision between these two hypotheses and is applicable to continuous monitoring. In the original formulation of the SPRT algorithm, the feature is assumed to be Gaussian and thresholds are set accordingly. It is likely, however, that the feature used for damage identification is sensitive to the tails of the distribution and that the tails may not necessarily be governed by Gaussian characteristics. By modeling the tails using the technique of Extreme Value Statistics, the hypothesis decision thresholds for the SPRT algorithm may be set avoiding the normality assumption. The SPRT algorithm is utilized to decide if the test structure is undamaged or damaged and which joint is exhibiting the change.
Parameterizing deep convection using the assumed probability density function method
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Storer, R. L.; Griffin, B. M.; Höft, J.; Weber, J. K.; Raut, E.; Larson, V. E.; Wang, M.; Rasch, P. J.
2015-01-06
Due to their coarse horizontal resolution, present-day climate models must parameterize deep convection. This paper presents single-column simulations of deep convection using a probability density function (PDF) parameterization. The PDF parameterization predicts the PDF of subgrid variability of turbulence, clouds, and hydrometeors. That variability is interfaced to a prognostic microphysics scheme using a Monte Carlo sampling method. The PDF parameterization is used to simulate tropical deep convection, the transition from shallow to deep convection over land, and midlatitude deep convection. These parameterized single-column simulations are compared with 3-D reference simulations. The agreement is satisfactory except when the convective forcingmore »is weak. The same PDF parameterization is also used to simulate shallow cumulus and stratocumulus layers. The PDF method is sufficiently general to adequately simulate these five deep, shallow, and stratiform cloud cases with a single equation set. This raises hopes that it may be possible in the future, with further refinements at coarse time step and grid spacing, to parameterize all cloud types in a large-scale model in a unified way.« less
Parameterizing deep convection using the assumed probability density function method
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Storer, R. L.; Griffin, B. M.; Höft, J.; Weber, J. K.; Raut, E.; Larson, V. E.; Wang, M.; Rasch, P. J.
2015-01-06
Due to their coarse horizontal resolution, present-day climate models must parameterize deep convection. This paper presents single-column simulations of deep convection using a probability density function (PDF) parameterization. The PDF parameterization predicts the PDF of subgrid variability of turbulence, clouds, and hydrometeors. That variability is interfaced to a prognostic microphysics scheme using a Monte Carlo sampling method.The PDF parameterization is used to simulate tropical deep convection, the transition from shallow to deep convection over land, and midlatitude deep convection. These parameterized single-column simulations are compared with 3-D reference simulations. The agreement is satisfactory except when the convective forcing is weak.more »The same PDF parameterization is also used to simulate shallow cumulus and stratocumulus layers. The PDF method is sufficiently general to adequately simulate these five deep, shallow, and stratiform cloud cases with a single equation set. This raises hopes that it may be possible in the future, with further refinements at coarse time step and grid spacing, to parameterize all cloud types in a large-scale model in a unified way.« less
The First Passage Probability of Intracellular Particle Trafficking
Salman S. Rogers; Neftali Flores-Rodriguez; Victoria J. Allan; Philip G. Woodman; Thomas A. Waigh
2009-04-13
The first passage probability (FPP), of trafficked intracellular particles reaching a displacement L, in a given time t or inverse velocity S = t/L, can be calculated robustly from measured particle tracks, and gives a measure of particle movement in which different types of motion, e.g. diffusion, ballistic motion, and transient run-rest motion, can readily be distinguished in a single graph, and compared with mathematical models. The FPP is attractive in that it offers a means of reducing the data in the measured tracks, without making assumptions about the mechanism of motion: for example, it does not employ smoothing, segementation or arbitrary thresholds to discriminate between different types of motion in a particle track. Taking experimental data from tracked endocytic vesicles, and calculating the FPP, we see how three molecular treatments affect the trafficking. We show the FPP can quantify complicated movement which is neither completely random nor completely deterministic, making it highly applicable to trafficked particles in cell biology.
Financial derivative pricing under probability operator via Esscher transfomation
Achi, Godswill U., E-mail: achigods@yahoo.com [Department of Mathematics, Abia State Polytechnic Aba, P.M.B. 7166, Aba, Abia State (Nigeria)
2014-10-24
The problem of pricing contingent claims has been extensively studied for non-Gaussian models, and in particular, Black- Scholes formula has been derived for the NIG asset pricing model. This approach was first developed in insurance pricing{sup 9} where the original distortion function was defined in terms of the normal distribution. This approach was later studied6 where they compared the standard Black-Scholes contingent pricing and distortion based contingent pricing. So, in this paper, we aim at using distortion operators by Cauchy distribution under a simple transformation to price contingent claim. We also show that we can recuperate the Black-Sholes formula using the distribution. Similarly, in a financial market in which the asset price represented by a stochastic differential equation with respect to Brownian Motion, the price mechanism based on characteristic Esscher measure can generate approximate arbitrage free financial derivative prices. The price representation derived involves probability Esscher measure and Esscher Martingale measure and under a new complex valued measure ? (u) evaluated at the characteristic exponents ?{sub x}(u) of X{sub t} we recuperate the Black-Scholes formula for financial derivative prices.
Parameterizing deep convection using the assumed probability density function method
Storer, R. L. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Griffin, B. M. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Höft, J. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Weber, J. K. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Raut, E. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Larson, V. E. [Univ. of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Wang, M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)] (ORCID:000000029179228X); Rasch, P. J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
2015-01-01
Due to their coarse horizontal resolution, present-day climate models must parameterize deep convection. This paper presents single-column simulations of deep convection using a probability density function (PDF) parameterization. The PDF parameterization predicts the PDF of subgrid variability of turbulence, clouds, and hydrometeors. That variability is interfaced to a prognostic microphysics scheme using a Monte Carlo sampling method.The PDF parameterization is used to simulate tropical deep convection, the transition from shallow to deep convection over land, and midlatitude deep convection. These parameterized single-column simulations are compared with 3-D reference simulations. The agreement is satisfactory except when the convective forcing is weak. The same PDF parameterization is also used to simulate shallow cumulus and stratocumulus layers. The PDF method is sufficiently general to adequately simulate these five deep, shallow, and stratiform cloud cases with a single equation set. This raises hopes that it may be possible in the future, with further refinements at coarse time step and grid spacing, to parameterize all cloud types in a large-scale model in a unified way.
Design Editorial Systems and Design
Papalambros, Panos
to support system composition · Uncertainty quantification and management · Architecture, platform Application areas can include, but are not limited to, large- to small-scale systems in aerospace, automotive
Optimal Topology Design in Wireless Personal Area Networks
that are typically battery-powered, i.e., that have limited energy resources, and have a limited transmission range a crucial impact on the traffic load distribution within the WPAN, and on the nodes energy consumption. For instance, un- der the assumption that the offered traffic is uniformly distributed among the network nodes
Technical Design Update to Proposal for a Large Area
Llope, William J.
, A. Tai University of California - Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 Hongfang Chen, Xin Dong, Cheng.1.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . 56 6.1.2 New PMT bases for the start detector . . . . . . . . . . . 57 6 of the Run-5 Data 68 7.1 Analysis Details . . . . . . . . . . . 68 7.2 Basic Results
Enserink, Scott Warren
2012-01-01
of Outage Probability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii OutageResults Using the LLN Outage Probability
Foust, Donald Franklin (Scotia, NY); Duggal, Anil Raj (Niskayuna, NY); Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY); Nealon, William Francis (Gloversville, NY); Bortscheller, Jacob Charles (Clifton Park, NY)
2008-03-25
The present invention relates to an area illumination light source comprising a plurality of individual OLED panels. The individual OLED panels are configured in a physically modular fashion. Each OLED panel comprising a plurality of OLED devices. Each OLED panel comprises a first electrode and a second electrode such that the power being supplied to each individual OLED panel may be varied independently. A power supply unit capable of delivering varying levels of voltage simultaneously to the first and second electrodes of each of the individual OLED panels is also provided. The area illumination light source also comprises a mount within which the OLED panels are arrayed.
Tanks Focus Area annual report FY2000
2000-12-01
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) continues to face a major radioactive waste tank remediation effort with tanks containing hazardous and radioactive waste resulting from the production of nuclear materials. With some 90 million gallons of waste in the form of solid, sludge, liquid, and gas stored in 287 tanks across the DOE complex, containing approximately 650 million curies, radioactive waste storage tank remediation is the nation's highest cleanup priority. Differing waste types and unique technical issues require specialized science and technology to achieve tank cleanup in an environmentally acceptable manner. Some of the waste has been stored for over 50 years in tanks that have exceeded their design lives. The challenge is to characterize and maintain these contents in a safe condition and continue to remediate and close each tank to minimize the risks of waste migration and exposure to workers, the public, and the environment. In 1994, the DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM) created a group of integrated, multiorganizational teams focusing on specific areas of the EM cleanup mission. These teams have evolved into five focus areas managed within EM's Office of Science and Technology (OST): Tanks Focus Area (TFA); Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area; Nuclear Materials Focus Area; Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area; and Transuranic and Mixed Waste Focus Area.
Subsurface contaminants focus area
1996-08-01
The US Department of Enregy (DOE) Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is developing technologies to address environmental problems associated with hazardous and radioactive contaminants in soil and groundwater that exist throughout the DOE complex, including radionuclides, heavy metals; and dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs). More than 5,700 known DOE groundwater plumes have contaminated over 600 billion gallons of water and 200 million cubic meters of soil. Migration of these plumes threatens local and regional water sources, and in some cases has already adversely impacted off-site rsources. In addition, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is responsible for supplying technologies for the remediation of numerous landfills at DOE facilities. These landfills are estimated to contain over 3 million cubic meters of radioactive and hazardous buried Technology developed within this specialty area will provide efective methods to contain contaminant plumes and new or alternative technologies for development of in situ technologies to minimize waste disposal costs and potential worker exposure by treating plumes in place. While addressing contaminant plumes emanating from DOE landfills, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is also working to develop new or alternative technologies for the in situ stabilization, and nonintrusive characterization of these disposal sites.
Motivation to Move: Physical Activity Affordances in Preschool Play Areas
Cosco, Nilda Graciela
2006-01-01
The goal of this study is to investigate the association between different types of play area design and level of physical activity of 3-5 year old children. Rationale 1. The majority of USA children are in some type ...
Mechanizing Exploratory Game Design
Smith, Adam Marshall
2012-01-01
Game Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.4.1 Designlevel Design Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Green optical network design : power optimization of wide area and metropolitan area networks
Lin, Katherine Xiaoyan
2011-01-01
Advancements in technology are fueling huge growth in network traffic capacity. Demand for low cost, reliable, and high bitrate transmissions grows 40-110% internationally every year. To date, most research has focused on ...
DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i pState Efficiency,Energy Newssuccessfully
DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle10 DOEEnvironmentalwith Recovery Act FundsStates
Bell, R.E.; Hartley, D.S.III; Packard, S.L.
1999-05-01
This report documents refined requirements for tools to aid the process of force design in Operations Other Than War (OOTWs). It recommends actions for the creation of one tool and work on other tools relating to mission planning. It also identifies the governmental agencies and commands with interests in each tool, from whom should come the user advisory groups overseeing the respective tool development activities. The understanding of OOTWs and their analytical support requirements has matured to the point where action can be taken in three areas: force design, collaborative analysis, and impact analysis. While the nature of the action and the length of time before complete results can be expected depends on the area, in each case the action should begin immediately. Force design for OOTWs is not a technically difficult process. Like force design for combat operations, it is a process of matching the capabilities of forces against the specified and implied tasks of the operation, considering the constraints of logistics, transport and force availabilities. However, there is a critical difference that restricts the usefulness of combat force design tools for OOTWs: the combat tools are built to infer non-combat capability requirements from combat capability requirements and cannot reverse the direction of the inference, as is required for OOTWs. Recently, OOTWs have played a larger role in force assessment, system effectiveness and tradeoff analysis, and concept and doctrine development and analysis. In the first Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), each of the Services created its own OOTW force design tool. Unfortunately, the tools address different parts of the problem and do not coordinate the use of competing capabilities. These tools satisfied the immediate requirements of the QDR, but do not provide a long-term cost-effective solution.
Discrimination with error margin between two states - Case of general occurrence probabilities -
H. Sugimoto; T. Hashimoto; M. Horibe; A. Hayashi
2009-11-18
We investigate a state discrimination problem which interpolates minimum-error and unambiguous discrimination by introducing a margin for the probability of error. We closely analyze discrimination of two pure states with general occurrence probabilities. The optimal measurements are classified into three types. One of the three types of measurement is optimal depending on parameters (occurrence probabilities and error margin). We determine the three domains in the parameter space and the optimal discrimination success probability in each domain in a fully analytic form. It is also shown that when the states to be discriminated are multipartite, the optimal success probability can be attained by local operations and classical communication. For discrimination of two mixed states, an upper bound of the optimal success probability is obtained.
The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems
the cognitive ergonomics of such systems, we have designed, built, and evaluated a domain-oriented designThe Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems Tamara Sumner Knowledge Media a critiquing system was designed, built, and evaluated for a specific area: phone-based interface design. Four
Comment on “Measurement of two- and three-nucleon short-range correlation probabilities in nuclei”
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Higinbotham, Douglas W.; Hen, Or
2015-04-24
Comment on 'Measurement of 2- and 3-nucleon short range correlation probabilities in nuclei' shows how the reported three-nucleon plateau was likely due to resolution effects.
Program Areas | National Security | ORNL
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Organizations National Security Home | Science & Discovery | National Security | Program Areas SHARE Program Areas image Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has a robust...
Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program (Released in the STEO June 1999)
Reports and Publications (EIA)
1999-01-01
Section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act, as amended in 1990 (the Act), required states to identify all areas that do not meet the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for ozone, and directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to designate these areas as ozone nonattainment areas. Section 181 of the Act required EPA to classify each area as a marginal, moderate, serious, severe or extreme ozone nonattainment area. EPA classified all areas that were designated as in nonattainment for ozone at the time of the enactment of the 1990 Amendments, except for certain "nonclassifiable" areas (56 FR 56694, November 6, 1991).
Transfer Area Mechanical Handling Calculation
B. Dianda
2004-06-23
This calculation is intended to support the License Application (LA) submittal of December 2004, in accordance with the directive given by DOE correspondence received on the 27th of January 2004 entitled: ''Authorization for Bechtel SAX Company L.L. C. to Include a Bare Fuel Handling Facility and Increased Aging Capacity in the License Application, Contract Number DE-AC28-01R W12101'' (Arthur, W.J., I11 2004). This correspondence was appended by further Correspondence received on the 19th of February 2004 entitled: ''Technical Direction to Bechtel SAIC Company L.L. C. for Surface Facility Improvements, Contract Number DE-AC28-OIRW12101; TDL No. 04-024'' (BSC 2004a). These documents give the authorization for a Fuel Handling Facility to be included in the baseline. The purpose of this calculation is to establish preliminary bounding equipment envelopes and weights for the Fuel Handling Facility (FHF) transfer areas equipment. This calculation provides preliminary information only to support development of facility layouts and preliminary load calculations. The limitations of this preliminary calculation lie within the assumptions of section 5 , as this calculation is part of an evolutionary design process. It is intended that this calculation is superseded as the design advances to reflect information necessary to support License Application. The design choices outlined within this calculation represent a demonstration of feasibility and may or may not be included in the completed design. This calculation provides preliminary weight, dimensional envelope, and equipment position in building for the purposes of defining interface variables. This calculation identifies and sizes major equipment and assemblies that dictate overall equipment dimensions and facility interfaces. Sizing of components is based on the selection of commercially available products, where applicable. This is not a specific recommendation for the future use of these components or their related manufacturer. A component produced by one manufacturer certainly varies dimensionally from a similar product produced by a different manufacturer. The internal envelope dimensions are dependent on the selection of the individual components. The external envelope dimensions, as well as, key interface dimensions are established within this calculation and are to be treated as bounding dimensions.
Effectiveness of Medicinal Plant Conservation Areas in Western Ghats, India
Barve, Narayani
2014-04-25
Effectiveness of Medicinal Plant Conservation Areas in Western Ghats, India Narayani Barve Medicinal Plant Conservation Areas (MPCA) ? Designated by State Forest Department ? Established early 1990s ? Network of 200 sites all over India... ? Selection based on Plant diversity and known medicinal plant hotspots The Western Ghats (Sahyadri) Biodiversity Hotspot ? Less than 6% of the land area of India, but contains more than 30% of all plant, bird, and mammal species found in the country...
Area 5: Computer Hardware Prof. Natalie Enright Jerger
Area 5: Computer Hardware Prof. Natalie Enright Jerger #12;Courses · Kernel Course ECE342: Computer Hardware · Technical Electives ECE532: Digital Systems Design ECE552: Computer Architecture ECE451: VLSI Systems and Design #12;What is computer hardware? · Complex components working together
Determination of leakage areas in nuclear piping
Keim, E.
1997-04-01
For the design and operation of nuclear power plants the Leak-Before-Break (LBB) behavior of a piping component has to be shown. This means that the length of a crack resulting in a leak is smaller than the critical crack length and that the leak is safely detectable by a suitable monitoring system. The LBB-concept of Siemens/KWU is based on computer codes for the evaluation of critical crack lengths, crack openings, leakage areas and leakage rates, developed by Siemens/KWU. In the experience with the leak rate program is described while this paper deals with the computation of crack openings and leakage areas of longitudinal and circumferential cracks by means of fracture mechanics. The leakage areas are determined by the integration of the crack openings along the crack front, considering plasticity and geometrical effects. They are evaluated with respect to minimum values for the design of leak detection systems, and maximum values for controlling jet and reaction forces. By means of fracture mechanics LBB for subcritical cracks has to be shown and the calculation of leakage areas is the basis for quantitatively determining the discharge rate of leaking subcritical through-wall cracks. The analytical approach and its validation will be presented for two examples of complex structures. The first one is a pipe branch containing a circumferential crack and the second one is a pipe bend with a longitudinal crack.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentataboutScalablePhysicist: Christian Bauer 101000 Area
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.TheoryTuesday, August 10, 20102016 News Below are newsBelle-IIProcesses -1300 Area
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.TheoryTuesday, August 10, 20102016 News Below are4B Drawings 4B618-10 and700 Area
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. Coal StocksSuppliers Tag:Take Action APPENDIX-11CoverArea
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. Coal StocksSuppliers Tag:Take Action APPENDIX-11CoverArea
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion toMSDS onBudgetMaterial Disposal Areas Material
PROBABILITY OF CORRECT SELECTION OF GAMMA VERSUS GE OR WEIBULL VERSUS GE BASED ON
Kundu, Debasis
PROBABILITY OF CORRECT SELECTION OF GAMMA VERSUS GE OR WEIBULL VERSUS GE BASED ON LIKELIHOOD RATIO proposes the use of likelihood ratio statistic in choosing between gamma and GE models or between Weibull and GE models. Probability of correct selec- tions are obtained using Monte Carlo simulations for various
Harmonic Functions and Collision Probabilities Christopher I. Connolly, EK 266 y
Choset, Howie
Harmonic Functions and Collision Probabilities Christopher I. Connolly, EK 266 y Arti cial-5022, FAX (415) 859-3735 email: connolly@ai.sri.com Abstract There is a close relationship between harmonic processes. The hitting probabilities for random walks can be cast as a Dirichlet problem for harmonic func
Logistic Regression and Bayesian Model Selection in Estimation of Probability of Success
Shemyakin, Arkady
1 1 Logistic Regression and Bayesian Model Selection in Estimation of Probability of Success Arkady ABSTRACT Logistic regression and linear discriminant analysis are used to estimate probability of success X is analyzed as an explanatory variable. A comparison is made between logistic regression technique
Optimal Points for a Probability Distribution on a Nonhomogeneous Cantor Set
Roychowdhury, Lakshmi 1975-
2012-12-21
line with distinct similarity ratios. Then we have defined a nonhomogeneous probability measure, the support of which lies on the Cantor set. For such a probability measure first we have determined the n-optimal points and the nth quantization error...
APPENDIX 2 --ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT This document assesses the probable impacts on the human
APPENDIX 2 -- ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT 1. SUMMARY This document assesses the probable impacts here by reference. 3. ASSESSMENT OF THE PROBABLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS 3.1. Impacts of the Proposed to define overfishing will have no significant impacts on the human environment, on marine mammals
Reduced-Outage-Probability Algorithms for Cross-Layer Call Admission Control in CDMA
Blostein, Steven D.
1 Reduced-Outage-Probability Algorithms for Cross-Layer Call Admission Control in CDMA Beamforming, increases outage probability in the physical layer. In this paper, we investigate the mitigation of the outage problem in the context of cross-layer performance, and propose CAC algorithms for code
Outage Probability for Free-Space Optical Systems Over Slow Fading Channels With Pointing Errors
Hranilovic, Steve
Outage Probability for Free-Space Optical Systems Over Slow Fading Channels With Pointing Errors, Canada. Email: farid@grads.ece.mcmaster.ca, hranilovic@mcmaster.ca Abstract-- We investigate the outage errors. An expression for the outage probability is derived and we show that optimizing the transmit- ted
Evans, Brian L.
SUBMITTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS 1 Outage Probability for Diversity of outage probability in the low-outage regime. The contributions of this paper are (1) derivation of closed, selection and post-detection combining; (2) comparison of the relative outage performance
The Impact of Fading on the Outage Probability in Cognitive Radio Networks
Loyka, Sergey
1 The Impact of Fading on the Outage Probability in Cognitive Radio Networks Yaobin Wen, Sergey Loyka and Abbas Yongacoglu Abstract--This paper analyzes the outage probability in cog- nitive radio possible scenarios are classified into three cases based on typical outage events. When the average number
Outage Probability in a Multi-Cellular Network using Alamouti Scheme
Coupechoux, Marceau
Outage Probability in a Multi-Cellular Network using Alamouti Scheme Dorra Ben Cheikh , Jean to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) or equivalently the outage probability in flat Rayleigh fading. The system power from the interfering base stations. In the first case, a closed- form expression for the outage
Cut-off Rate based Outage Probability Analysis of Frequency Hopping Mobile Radio under Jamming
Yýlmaz, Özgür
Cut-off Rate based Outage Probability Analysis of Frequency Hopping Mobile Radio under Jamming--This paper deals with the achievable spectral ef- ficiency and outage analysis of short burst frequency hopping (FH) mobile radios under heavy jamming scenarios. With the use of outage probability analysis
Analysis and Computation of the Outage Probability of Discrete-Input Block-Fading Channels
Guillén i Fàbregas, Albert
Analysis and Computation of the Outage Probability of Discrete-Input Block-Fading Channels Khoa D IS ELIGIBLE FOR THE STUDENT PAPER AWARD. In this paper, we propose a tight lower bound to the outage is not supported by a particular channel realization [1], [2]. This probability is named the information outage
On the Impact of Mobility on Outage Probability in Cellular Networks
Coupechoux, Marceau
On the Impact of Mobility on Outage Probability in Cellular Networks Jean-Marc Kelif France Telecom an analytical study of the mobility in cellular networks and its impact on quality of service and outage power. It allows us to analyze users mobility and to derive expressions of the outage probability. We
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 62, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2014 699 Outage Probability in
Durrani, Salman
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 62, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2014 699 Outage Probability, IEEE, and Xiangyun Zhou, Member, IEEE Abstract--This paper analyzes the outage performance in finite the outage probability at any arbitrary location of an arbitrarily-shaped finite wireless network: (i
Outage Probability of Amplify-and-Forward Opportunistic Relaying with Multiple Interferers
Lee, Jae Hong
Outage Probability of Amplify-and-Forward Opportunistic Relaying with Multiple Interferers over channels. We derive the closed-form expression of the outage probability for the AF opportunistic relaying derive the analytical results. Also, in [9], the authors investigate the outage behavior of the dual
Modification for complex-particle emission probability in the pre-equilibrium exciton model
Miao Ron-zhi; Wu Guo-hua; Zheng Wei-han; Liu Jian-ye; Yu Chao-fan; Yu Xie
1986-04-01
Starting from a state density formula that distinguishes between neutrons and protons, we have derived corrections for the emission probability W/sub alphabeta/ for complex particles and the purely combinatorial probability R/sub alphabeta/. The calculated results agree well with experimental data and show clear improvement over previous calculations.
Bit Transmission Probability Maximizing the Key Rate of the BB84 Protocol
Sonny Lumbantoruan; Ryutaroh Matsumoto; Tomohiko Uyematsu
2010-03-11
In all papers on the BB84 protocol, the transmission probability of each bit value is usually set to be equal. In this paper, we show that by assigning different transmission probability to each transmitted qubit within a single polarization basis, we can generally improve the key generation rate of the BB84 protocol and achieve a higher key rate.
Applied Probability Trust (4 February 2008) INDEX POLICIES FOR DISCOUNTED BANDIT PROBLEMS
Powell, Warren B.
. Then it is assumed that arms may break down, but repair is an option at some cost, and the new Whittle index policyApplied Probability Trust (4 February 2008) INDEX POLICIES FOR DISCOUNTED BANDIT PROBLEMS/action-dependent probabilities. It is proven that no index policy can attain the maximum expected total discounted reward
On the probability of hitting a deer with a car Robert Estalella
Estalella, Robert
On the probability of hitting a deer with a car Robert Estalella 2003 August 1 Introduction Hitting an animal while driving a car, or even being close to hitting it, is terribly upsetting. This is what that jumped across the road just in front of our car. I started thinking about the probability of hitting
Probability-density function for energy perturbations of isolated optical pulses
Lakoba, Taras I.
Probability-density function for energy perturbations of isolated optical pulses C. J. Mc to determine the probability-density function (PDF) for noise-induced energy perturbations of isolated (solitary) optical pulses in fiber communication systems. The analytical formula is consistent
Florentin Smarandache
2010-08-31
In this book one makes an introduction to non-standard analysis in the first part, needed to the next four chapters in order to study the neutrosophics: 1. Neutrosophy - a new branch of philosophy. 2. Neutrosophic Logic - a unifying field in logics. 3. Neutrosophic Set - a unifying field in sets. 4. Neutrosophic Probability - a generalization of classical and imprecise probabilities - and Neutrosophic Statistics.
Florentin Smarandache; Jean Dezert; S. Bhattacharya; Andrzej Buller; M. Khoshnevisan; S. Singh; Feng Liu; Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina; Chris Lucas; C. Gershenson
2003-06-26
Papers on neutrosophy (a generalization of dialectics), on neutrosophic logic, set, probability and statistics (generalizations of fuzzy logic, fuzzy set, and imprecise probability respectively), by Florentin Smarandache, Jean Dezert, S. Bhattacharya, Andrzej Buller, M. Khoshnevisan, S. Singh, Feng Liu, Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina, Chris Lucas, and C. Gershenson.
Miller, William H.
of a bimo- lecular chemical reaction, i.e., state-to-state differential and integral cross sections. HoweverCalculation of the cumulative reaction probability via a discrete variable representation is suggested for the calculation of the microcanonical cumulative reaction probability uia flux autocorrelation
Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Probability Theory, But Were Afraid to Ask \\Lambda
Pratt, Vaughan
of the subject to provide the reader a working knowledge of probabilities. This paper is an attempt to provide, in the case of acquiring a ``working knowledge'' of probability theory, there is much more to be concerned of the subject to provide the reader a ``working knowledge.'' This paper is an attempt to provide
Detection Probability Modeling for Airport Wind-Shear August 28, 2008
Cho, John Y. N.
Detection Probability Modeling for Airport Wind-Shear Sensors August 28, 2008 John Y. N. Cho Robert An objective wind-shear detection probability estimation model is developed for radar, lidar, and sensor combinations. The model includes effects of system sensitivity, site-specific wind-shear, clutter, and terrain
PROBABILITY OF ERROR FOR TRAINED UNITARY SPACE-TIME MODULATION OVER A
Swindlehurst, A. Lee
PROBABILITY OF ERROR FOR TRAINED UNITARY SPACE-TIME MODULATION OVER A GAUSS-INNOVATIONS RICIAN probability of error for trained uni- tary space-time modulation over channels with a constant specular trained modulation, assuming that the channel is constant between training periods. All of the above
LES/probability density function approach for the simulation of an ethanol spray flame
Raman, Venkat
LES/probability density function approach for the simulation of an ethanol spray flame Colin Heye a an experimental pilot-stabilized ethanol spray flame. In this particular flame, droplet evaporation occurs away: Large-eddy simulation; Probability density function; Flamelet/progress variable approach; Ethanol
Labs21 sustainable design programming checklist version 1.0
Mathew, Paul; Greenberg, Steve
2005-01-07
This checklist of sustainable design objectives and strategies can be used in the programming and conceptual design phases of a laboratory project. It includes the following: (1) Brief descriptions of each objective and strategy. (2) Metrics for each objective. This checklist is primarily to be used by owners, architects and engineers during the programming and conceptual design phase of a project. It is especially appropriate for use in design charrettes. The strategies and metrics can be included as requirements in the programming document or can be identified for further analysis or consideration during the design development phase. This checklist is hierarchically organized into design areas, objectives for each design area, and strategies and metrics for each objective. The design areas generally correspond to the design areas of the LEED(TM) rating system from the U.S. Green Building Council.
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
Collingwood CFB Borden 0 10 20 Kilometers Area = 521,900 Hectares #12;POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Population
Carver, Jeffrey C.
Systems Analysis ECE 476 Control Systems Lab ECE 479 Digital Control Systems AREA 3: MATERIALS AND DEVICES Digital System Design ECE 481 Digital System Design Lab ECE 482 Computer Vision & Digital Image Processing ECE 484 Computer Architecture ECE 485 Programmable Logic Controllers ECE 486 Embedded Systems ECE 487
Probabilistic Based Design Methodology for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stacks
Sun, Xin; Tartakovsky, Alexandre M.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.
2009-05-01
A probabilistic-based component design methodology is developed for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stack. This method takes into account the randomness in SOFC material properties as well as the stresses arising from different manufacturing and operating conditions. The purpose of this work is to provide the SOFC designers a design methodology such that desired level of component reliability can be achieved with deterministic design functions using an equivalent safety factor to account for the uncertainties in material properties and structural stresses. Multi-physics-based finite element analyses were used to predict the electrochemical and thermal mechanical responses of SOFC stacks with different geometric variations and under different operating conditions. Failures in the anode and the seal were used as design examples. The predicted maximum principal stresses in the anode and the seal were compared with the experimentally determined strength characteristics for the anode and the seal respectively. Component failure probabilities for the current design were then calculated under different operating conditions. It was found that anode failure probability is very low under all conditions examined. The seal failure probability is relatively high, particularly for high fuel utilization rate under low average cell temperature. Next, the procedures for calculating the equivalent safety factors for anode and seal were demonstrated such that uniform failure probability of the anode and seal can be achieved. Analysis procedures were also included for non-normal distributed random variables such that more realistic distributions of strength and stress can be analyzed using the proposed design methodology.
Loss, Daniel
and sealing wax -- although probably no longer physicists' preferred ingredients for their experiments
Cluster formation probability in the trans-tin and trans-lead nuclei
K. P. Santhosh; R. K. Biju; Sabina Sahadevan
2010-05-10
Within our fission model, the Coulomb and proximity potential model (CPPM) cluster formation probabilities are calculated for different clusters ranging from carbon to silicon for the parents in the trans-tin and trans- lead regions. It is found that in trans-tin region the 12^C, 16^O, 20^Ne and 24^Mg clusters have maximum cluster formation probability and lowest half lives as compared to other clusters. In trans-lead region the 14^C, 18, 20^O, 23^F, 24,26^Ne, 28,30^Mg and 34^Si clusters have the maximum cluster formation probability and minimum half life, which show that alpha like clusters are most probable for emission from trans-tin region while non-alpha clusters are probable from trans-lead region. These results stress the role of neutron proton symmetry and asymmetry of daughter nuclei in these two cases.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent BondingMeeting |Design Competitions Design Competitions National9
Design tool: a software for capturing design intent
Velamakanni, Ravindra
1999-01-01
of the design process that can lead to the development of new tools in this area. A software tool is developed for this purpose. It is basically created as a collection of Visual Basic forms with Excel worksheets and Word documents embedded in them. Each form...
Design Editorial Design Analysis and Synthesis
Papalambros, Panos
Journal of Mechanical Design Editorial Design Analysis and Synthesis What is design? Why is design to call it simply design analysis. If a design exists, I can analyze its behavior. Based on the results of the analysis, I may have to modify the design to make it fit better to my purpose. The implication of analysis
Meta-Design--Design for Designers Gerhard Fischer
Fischer, Gerhard
1 Meta-Design--Design for Designers Gerhard Fischer Center for LifeLong Learning and Design (L3 D-0430 USA gerhard@cs.colorado.edu Eric Scharff Center for LifeLong Learning and Design (L3 D) Department scharffe@cs.colorado.edu ABSTRACT One fundamental challenge for the design of the interactive systems
NCS area of applicability determination for AVLIS
Gross, C.; Koopman, R.P.
1999-07-01
The authors present a method for examining congruence between the processes that make up an AVLIS enrichment plant and the benchmark critical experiments that are used to establish the bias and validate the codes used for nuclear criticality safety (NCS) calculations of those processes. A measure of the validity of the process of selecting critical experiments that are similar in nature to processes found in the plant is presented. The probability of fission depends primarily on neutron energy and the interaction cross sections of the materials in the process. The physics of fission has led one to consider the energy of neutrons causing fission to be the fundamental parameter for examining the area of applicability. Benchmark experiments are chosen to cover the material compositions, geometric arrangements, neutron energy spectra, and other parameters such as material heterogeneity, neutron leakage or reflection, interaction, and absorption in special materials. These parameters influence the process by affecting the number of neutrons available to cause fission at any given energy. The neutron energy distribution is established primarily as a result of the energy-dependent cross sections for the materials that are present. Thus, the energy of neutrons causing fission is the fundamental parameter needed for examining the effects of other parameters within the area of applicability.
None
2015-01-09
Another valuable homeland security asset at the NNSS is the T-1 training area, which covers more than 10 acres and includes more than 20 separate training venues. Local, County, and State first responders who train here encounter a variety of realistic disaster scenarios. A crashed 737 airliner lying in pieces across the desert, a helicopter and other small aircraft, trucks, buses, and derailed train cars are all part of the mock incident scene. After formal classroom education, first responders are trained to take immediate decisive action to prevent or mitigate the use of radiological or nuclear devices by terrorists. The Counterterrorism Operations Support Center for Radiological Nuclear Training conducts the courses and exercises providing first responders from across the nation with the tools they need to protect their communities. All of these elements provide a training experience that cannot be duplicated anywhere else in the country.
2014-11-07
Another valuable homeland security asset at the NNSS is the T-1 training area, which covers more than 10 acres and includes more than 20 separate training venues. Local, County, and State first responders who train here encounter a variety of realistic disaster scenarios. A crashed 737 airliner lying in pieces across the desert, a helicopter and other small aircraft, trucks, buses, and derailed train cars are all part of the mock incident scene. After formal classroom education, first responders are trained to take immediate decisive action to prevent or mitigate the use of radiological or nuclear devices by terrorists. The Counterterrorism Operations Support Center for Radiological Nuclear Training conducts the courses and exercises providing first responders from across the nation with the tools they need to protect their communities. All of these elements provide a training experience that cannot be duplicated anywhere else in the country.
Kalinich, Donald A.; Sallaberry, Cedric M.; Mattie, Patrick D.
2010-12-01
For the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Extremely Low Probability of Rupture (xLPR) pilot study, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) was tasked to develop and evaluate a probabilistic framework using a commercial software package for Version 1.0 of the xLPR Code. Version 1.0 of the xLPR code is focused assessing the probability of rupture due to primary water stress corrosion cracking in dissimilar metal welds in pressurizer surge nozzles. Future versions of this framework will expand the capabilities to other cracking mechanisms, and other piping systems for both pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors. The goal of the pilot study project is to plan the xLPR framework transition from Version 1.0 to Version 2.0; hence the initial Version 1.0 framework and code development will be used to define the requirements for Version 2.0. The software documented in this report has been developed and tested solely for this purpose. This framework and demonstration problem will be used to evaluate the commercial software's capabilities and applicability for use in creating the final version of the xLPR framework. This report details the design, system requirements, and the steps necessary to use the commercial-code based xLPR framework developed by SNL.
Probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)]|[Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Hoover Institution
1998-01-01
In its most recent report on the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the annual failure rate is calculated to be 1.3E({minus}7)(1/yr), rounded off from 1.32E({minus}7). A calculation by the Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) produces a result that is about 4% higher, namely 1.37E({minus}7)(1/yr). The difference is due to a minor error in the US Department of Energy (DOE) calculations in the Westinghouse 1996 report. WIPP`s hoist safety relies on a braking system consisting of a number of components including two crucial valves. The failure rate of the system needs to be recalculated periodically to accommodate new information on component failure, changes in maintenance and inspection schedules, occasional incidents such as a hoist traveling out-of-control, either up or down, and changes in the design of the brake system. This report examines DOE`s last two reports on the redesigned waste hoist system. In its calculations, the DOE has accepted one EEG recommendation and is using more current information about the component failures rates, the Nonelectronic Parts Reliability Data (NPRD). However, the DOE calculations fail to include the data uncertainties which are described in detail in the NPRD reports. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommended that a system evaluation include mean estimates of component failure rates and take into account the potential uncertainties that exist so that an estimate can be made on the confidence level to be ascribed to the quantitative results. EEG has made this suggestion previously and the DOE has indicated why it does not accept the NRC recommendation. Hence, this EEG report illustrates the importance of including data uncertainty using a simple statistical example.
A Survey of Network Design Problems
Wong, Richard T.
Network design problems arise in many different application areas such as air freight, highway traffic, and communication systems. The intention of this survey is to present a coherent unified view of a number of papers ...
A flexible design framework for autonomous mowing
Kraft, Justin (Justin A.)
2011-01-01
This work outlines the creation of a flexible design framework for autonomous mowing to meet changing customer needs and functionality across a spectrum of applications from residential areas to sport complexes. The thesis ...
Design, Construction, and Implementation of Novel Biofuel Production...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Design, Construction, and Implementation of Novel Biofuel Production Capabilities in Filamentous Fungi March 26, 2015 Technology Area Review Kenneth S. Bruno Pacific Northwest...
6.831 User Interface Design and Implementation, Fall 2004
Miller, Robert
6.831 introduces the principles of user interface development, focusing on three key areas: Design: How to design good user interfaces, starting with human capabilities (including the human information processor model, ...
Quasi-probability representations of quantum theory with applications to quantum information science
Christopher Ferrie
2011-10-15
This article comprises a review of both the quasi-probability representations of infinite-dimensional quantum theory (including the Wigner function) and the more recently defined quasi-probability representations of finite-dimensional quantum theory. We focus on both the characteristics and applications of these representations with an emphasis toward quantum information theory. We discuss the recently proposed unification of the set of possible quasi-probability representations via frame theory and then discuss the practical relevance of negativity in such representations as a criteria for quantumness.
STEVE SEDLOCK
2012-04-04
The design of power amplifiers in any semi-conductor process is not a trivia exercise and it is often encountered that the simulated solution is qualitatively different than the results obtained. Phenomena such as oscillation occurring either in-band or out of band and sometimes at subharmonic intervals, continuous spectrum noticed in some frequency bands, often referred to as chaos, and jumps and hysteresis effects can all be encountered and render a design useless. All of these problems might have been identified through a more rigorous approach to stability analysis. Designing for stability is probably the one area of amplifier design that receives the least amount of attention but incurs the most catastrophic of effects if it is not performed properly. Other parameters such as gain, power output, frequency response and even matching may suitable mitigation paths. But the lack of stability in an amplifier has no mitigating path. In addition to of loss of the design completely there are the increased production cycle costs, costs involved with investigating and resolving the problem and the costs involved with schedule slips or delays resulting from it. The Linville or Rollett stability criteria that many microwave engineers follow and rely exclusively on is not sufficient by itself to ensure a stable and robust design. It will be shown that the universal belief that unconditional stability is obtained through an analysis of the scattering matrix S to determine if 1 and |{Delta}{sub S}| < 1 is only part of the procedure and other tools must be used to validate the criteria. The research shown contributes to the state of the art by developing a more thorough stability design technique for designing amplifiers of any class, whether that be current mode or switch mode, than is currently undertaken with the goal of obtaining first pass design success.
Communicating Design Research Effectively
Roschuni, Celeste Nicole
2012-01-01
5.3 Persuasion in Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Design Process andCommunication 2.1 Design Process Models . . . . . . . . .
F Reactor Area Cleanup Complete
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
RICHLAND, Wash. – U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) contractors have cleaned up the F Reactor Area, the first reactor area at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington state to be fully remediated.
Monroe Urbanized Area MTP 2035
Monroe Urbanized Area Metropolitan Planning Organization
2010-10-31
/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Monroe Urbanized Area MTP 2035 The 2035 Metropolitan Transportation Plan for the Monroe Urbanized Area Developed for The Monroe Urbanized Area Metropolitan Planning Organization and The Louisiana Department... of Transportation and Development Developed by In association with Neel-Schaffer, Inc. **DRAFT** Adopted Date Here This document was prepared in cooperation with: The Monroe Urbanized Area MPO Technical Advisory Committee and The Louisiana...
Design and Analysis of Experiments Course number: STAT 3850/5850. January, 2008.
Johnson, Dan L.
1 Design and Analysis of Experiments Course number: STAT 3850/5850. January, 2008. Instructor: Dan, apply and discuss methods of experimental design and analysis, for the purposes of identifying probable Designs Regression and Analysis of Variance; contrasts and multiple comparisons Generalized Type I error
Strategyproofness in the Large as a Desideratum for Market Design EDUARDO M. AZEVEDO, Harvard
Fiat, Amos
Strategyproofness in the Large as a Desideratum for Market Design EDUARDO M. AZEVEDO, Harvard ERIC Words and Phrases: Mechanism design, market design, strategyproofness We propose a criterion agent, any probability distribution of the other agents' reports, and any > 0 , in a large enough market
Knowledge based expert systems in engineering: Planning and design
Sriram, D.; Adey, R.A.
1987-01-01
AI technology and in particular knowledge based expert systems is now making a major impact in design with many systems being developed an applied in engineering. This book contains details on how these systems are developed and how they are being applied. Papers cover application of AI in project management, conceptual design, automated design systems, and process planning in many areas of engineering. Example systems discussed in the 31 papers include structural design, digital circuit design, road design plus many other applications.
Cross-Layer Design of Outage Optimum Routing Metric for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.
2011-01-01
PAPER Cross-layer design of outage optimum routing metricof wireless ad hoc network outage probability in a fadingJ. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves Outage optimum routing for wireless
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
RidgeRd. SimcoeSt. Hwy.7&12 RegRd.57 0 4 8 Kilometers Area = 51,980 Hectares #12;POPULATION CHARACTERISTICSdatamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY Drivers Vehicles Trips/day 2011 2006 1996 1986 datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
.7 4.1 5.8 27.9 TRIPS MADE TO TTS AREA 4,070,800 22.8% 51% 22% 6% 21% 61% 13% 12% 2% 8% 4% 7.1 3.3 7datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 5 TRANSPORTATION TOMORROW SURVEY AREA City of Orillia Durham Region City
MA/STAT 25000 Syllabus Fall 2015 Problem Solving in Probability
2015-08-28
MA/STAT 25000. Syllabus. Fall 2015. Problem Solving in Probability. Meeting Times and Location: TR 3:30-4:20pm in UNIV 003. Instructor: Rachel Lynn. E-
Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N dimensions
Stroahaber, James; Kolomenskii, A; Schuessler, Hans
2010-07-06
. In three dimensions, ionization probabilities of Xe were successfully recovered with MPE from simulated (using the Ammosov-Delone-Krainov tunneling theory) ion yields. Finally, we tested our approach with intensity-resolved benzene-ion yields, which show a...
Simultaneous surface topography and spin-injection probability D. W. Bullock,a)
Thibado, Paul M.
Simultaneous surface topography and spin-injection probability D. W. Bullock,a) V. P. LaBella, Z polarization at the instant of recombination. Details of how to simultaneously measure the surface topography
Error Analysis of Free Probability Approximations to the Density of States of Disordered Systems
Chen, Jiahao
Theoretical studies of localization, anomalous diffusion and ergodicity breaking require solving the electronic structure of disordered systems. We use free probability to approximate the ensemble-averaged density of states ...
Preferences, Knowledge, and Citizen Probability Assessments of the Terrorism Risk of Nuclear Power
Li, Quan; Fuhrmann, Matthew; Early, Bryan R.; Vedlitz, Arnold
How does the American public assess risk when it comes to national security issues? This paper addresses this question by analyzing variation in citizen probability assessments of the terrorism risk of nuclear power plants. Drawing on the literature...
On the evaluation of human error probabilities for post-initiating events
Presley, Mary R
2006-01-01
Quantification of human error probabilities (HEPs) for the purpose of human reliability assessment (HRA) is very complex. Because of this complexity, the state of the art includes a variety of HRA models, each with its own ...
Lu, Zhiming
Representing aquifer architecture in macrodispersivity models with an analytical solution] The multi-dimensional transition probability model represents hydrofacies architecture in modeling aquifer heterogeneity. The structure of the aquifer architecture is mathematically characterized by a canonical
Bazant, Zdenek P.
The failure probability of engineering structures such as aircraft, bridges, dams, nuclear structures, and ships, as well as microelectronic components and medical implants, must be kept extremely low, typically <10?6. The ...
A probabilistic approach to the prediction of area weather events, applied to precipitation
Schmidt, Volker
A probabilistic approach to the prediction of area weather events, applied to precipitation Bjoern in the context of estimating the probability of the meteorological event `occurrence of precipitation'. We treat roughly be interpreted as precipitation cells. The germ-grain model is completely characterized
Probability of a Solution to the Solar Neutrino Problem Within the Minimal Standard Model
Karsten M. Heeger; R. G. H. Robertson
1996-10-22
Tests, independent of any solar model, can be made of whether solar neutrino experiments are consistent with the minimal Standard Model (stable, massless neutrinos). If the experimental uncertainties are correctly estimated and the sun is generating energy by light-element fusion in quasi-static equilibrium, the probability of a standard-physics solution is less than 2%. Even when the luminosity constraint is abandoned, the probability is not more than 4%. The sensitivity of the conclusions to input parameters is explored.
GEONGrid Portal: Design and Implementations Choonhan Youn*,
Rejaie, Reza
GEONGrid Portal: Design and Implementations Choonhan Youn*, Chaitan Baru, Karan Bhatia, Sandeep and scientists, the area of Grid Portals has made excellent progress. Grid portal system is emerging open grid present our initial efforts of design and implementations of service components in the GEONGrid portal
CHAPTER 2.0 SUSTAINABLE DESIGN CONCEPTS
Zaferatos, Nicholas C.
, WA. 2011 Urban Transitions Studio (UTS) June 2, 2011 Chapter 2. Sustainable Design. 1 #12;2.0 Introduction June 2, 2011 2011 Urban Transitions Studio (UTS) Sustainable Design Concepts for Transit Oriented expenditures. If we want urban areas that can sustain high standards of living and low levels of energy
Geothermal resource area 9: Nye County. Area development plan
Pugsley, M.
1981-01-01
Geothermal Resource area 9 encompasses all of Nye County, Nevada. Within this area there are many different known geothermal sites ranging in temperature from 70/sup 0/ to over 265/sup 0/ F. Fifteen of the more major sites have been selected for evaluation in this Area Development Plan. Various potential uses of the energy found at each of the resource sites discussed in this Area Development Plan were determined after evaluating the area's physical characteristics, land ownership and land use patterns, existing population and projected growth rates, and transportation facilities, and comparing those with the site specific resource characteristics. The uses considered were divided into five main categories: electrical generation, space heating, recreation, industrial process heat, and agriculture. Within two of these categories certain subdivisions were considered separately. The findings about each of the 15 geothermal sites considered in this Area Development Plan are summarized.
Vannucci, Marina
.1835 Table 1: Simulated log-normal survival data: Marginal posterior probabilities of inclusion of rele- vant: Marginal posterior probabilities of inclusion of rele- vant variables under different maximum correlation
Pluhár, András
along with a small set of initial adopters W0. The members of W0 are infecting neighboring vertices V we define a probability pv, creating a probability distribution indicating the chance of infection
Use of inelastic analysis in cask design
AMMERMAN,DOUGLAS J.; BREIVIK,NICOLE L.
2000-05-15
In this paper, the advantages and disadvantages of inelastic analysis are discussed. Example calculations and designs showing the implications and significance of factors affecting inelastic analysis are given. From the results described in this paper it can be seen that inelastic analysis provides an improved method for the design of casks. It can also be seen that additional code and standards work is needed to give designers guidance in the use of inelastic analysis. Development of these codes and standards is an area where there is a definite need for additional work. The authors hope that this paper will help to define the areas where that need is most acute.
Wide Area Thermal Processing of Light Emitting Materials
Duty, Chad E; Joshi, Pooran C; Jellison Jr, Gerald Earle; Angelini, Joseph Attilio; Sabau, Adrian S
2011-10-01
Laboratory laser materials synthesis of wide bandgap materials has been successfully used to create white light emitting materials (LEMs). This technology development has progressed to the exploration on design and construction of apparatus for wide area doping and phase transformation of wide bandgap material substrates. The objective of this proposal is to develop concepts for wide area doping and phase transformation based on AppliCote Associates, LLC laser technology and ORNL high density pulsed plasma arc technology.
Design Editorial A Design Societies Federation
Papalambros, Panos
Journal of Mechanical Design Editorial A Design Societies Federation You can recognize the many faces of design by looking at the many different professional societies that promote design around the world. These societies may have roots in engineering or archi- tecture or industrial design but they all
Farid Ait-Chaalal; Michel S. Bourqui; Peter Bartello
2011-10-17
We study an instantaneous bimolecular chemical reaction in a two-dimensional chaotic, incompressible and closed Navier-Stokes flow. Areas of well mixed reactants are initially separated by infinite gradients. We focus on the initial regime, characterized by a well-defined one-dimensional contact line between the reactants. The amount of reactant consumed is given by the diffusive flux along this line, and hence relates directly to its length and to the gradients along it. We show both theoretically and numerically that the probability distribution of the modulus of the gradient of the reactants along this contact line multiplied by {\\kappa} does not depend on the diffusion {\\kappa} and can be inferred, after a few turnover times, from the joint distribution of the finite time Lyapunov exponent {\\lambda} and the frequency 1/{\\tau} . The equivalent time {\\tau} measures the stretching time scale of a Lagrangian parcel in the recent past, while {\\lambda} measures it on the whole chaotic orbit. At smaller times, we predict the shape of this gradient distribution taking into account the initial random orientation between the contact line and the stretching direction. We also show that the probability distribution of the reactants is proportional to {\\kappa} and to the product of the ensemble mean contact line length with the ensemble mean of the inverse of the gradient along it. Besides contributing to the understanding of fast chemistry in chaotic flows, the present study based on a Lagrangian stretching theory approach provides results that pave the way to the development of accurate sub- grid parametrizations in models with insufficient resolution for capturing the length scales relevant to chemical processes, for example in Climate-Chemsitry Models.
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
% 7% 6.5 5.5 6.5 68.5 30,100 10% 5% 51% 34% 73% 17% 1% * 3% 7% 7.0 7.2 10.0 * ANCASTER AREA CITYdatamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 85 ANCASTER AREA CITY OF HAMILTON Mohawk Rd. Main St. Carluke Rd. Governors Rd. Garner
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
,213,000 38% 13% 35% 14% 60% 14% 16% 1% 7% 2% 5.7 4.1 6.6 30.0 TRIPS MADE TO TTS AREA 3,168,200 23.5% 51% 22datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 5 GREATER TORONTO HAMILTON AREA Durham Region Peel Region City of Hamilton City
Kim, Il-Min
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 10, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2011 407 Outage Probability-duplex mode. For this system, we first derive a tight lower bound of outage probability, which is very close to the exact outage probability in the whole signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) range irrespective of the values
Elkashlan, Maged
2120 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 5, JUNE 2010 Outage Probability and exact analysis is conducted to analyze the outage probability of MRNs under dissimilar Nakagami-m fading conditions. More specifically, we derive new closed-form expressions for the outage probability and the prob
Kim, Il-Min
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 9, NO. 3, MARCH 2010 1139 Outage Probability--The outage probability of multi-hop amplify-and- forward relay systems with multiple relays is analyzed. Previ- ously, the outage probability of the two-hop system with multiple relays had been analyzed
Shalabh
where every unit in the population has equal probability of selection. Under certain circumstances, more efficient estimators are obtained by assigning unequal probabilities of selection to the units scheme, the units are selected with probability proportional to the value of X, called as size
"For good design, you pay now; for bad design, you pay later"--or do you?
Murugappan, Meena
2006-01-01
What is the value of architectural design on office building income? This empirical study of 296 office building located in 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA) hopes to quantitatively determine if a plain vanilla cereal ...
Kodiak Area Management Reports, 19242010 Kodiak Area Management Reports, 19242010
367 Kodiak Area Management Reports, 19242010 APPENDIX 4 Kodiak Area Management Reports, 19242010 1924: Fred R. Lucas. Report of Kodiak-Afognak Fish- eries District to August 31, 1924. U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, Afognak, AK (5 September 1924). 8 p. 1924: Fred R. Lucas. Report of Kodiak-Afognak Dis- trict
Communication in Home Area Networks
Wang, Yubo
2012-01-01
and implementation of smart home energy management systemsStandard Technologies for Smart Home Area Networks EnablingInteroperability framework for smart home systems”, Consumer
Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N dimensions
Strohaber, J.; Kolomenskii, A. A.; Schuessler, H. A.
2010-07-15
We present an analytical inversion technique, which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call this technique a multiphoton expansion (MPE). The MPE formalism was verified with an exactly solvable inversion problem in two dimensions, and probabilities in the postsaturation region, where the intensity-selective scanning approach breaks down, were recovered. In three dimensions, ionization probabilities of Xe were successfully recovered with MPE from simulated (using the Ammosov-Delone-Krainov tunneling theory) ion yields. Finally, we tested our approach with intensity-resolved benzene-ion yields, which show a resonant multiphoton ionization process. By applying MPE to this data (which were artificially averaged), the resonant structure was recovered, which suggests that the resonance in benzene may have been observed in spatially averaged data taken elsewhere.
Survival Probability of the Néel State in Clean and Disordered Systems: an Overview
E. J. Torres-Herrera; Lea F. Santos
2015-06-30
We provide an overview of our recents results about the quench dynamics of one-dimensional many-body quantum systems described by spin-1/2 models. Both cases are considered: clean chains without any disorder and disordered systems with static on-site magnetic fields. The quantity used for the analysis is the probability for finding the initial state later in time, the so-called survival probability. In the absence of random disorder, the survival probability may decay faster than exponentially. Gaussian behaviors and even the limit established by the energy-time uncertainty relation are displayed. In the presence of strong disorder, the dynamics at long-times slows down significantly and shows a powerlaw behavior. For both scenarios, we provide analytical expressions that agree very well with our numerical results.The initial state used for the illustrations is the experimentally accessible N\\'eel state.
Zhu, Lin; Gong, Huili; Gable, Carl; Teatini, Pietro
2015-01-01
Understanding the heterogeneity arising from the complex architecture of sedimentary sequences in alluvial fans is challenging. This paper develops a statistical inverse framework in a multi-zone transition probability approach for characterizing the heterogeneity in alluvial fans. An analytical solution of the transition probability matrix is used to define the statistical relationships among different hydrofacies and their mean lengths, integral scales, and volumetric proportions. A statistical inversion is conducted to identify the multi-zone transition probability models and estimate the optimal statistical parameters using the modified Gauss-Newton-Levenberg-Marquardt method. The Jacobian matrix is computed by the sensitivity equation method, which results in an accurate inverse solution with quantification of parameter uncertainty. We use the Chaobai River alluvial fan in the Beijing Plain, China, as an example for elucidating the methodology of alluvial fan characterization. The alluvial fan is divided...
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY
Toronto, University of
datamanagementgroup 2011 SURVEY AREA SUMMARY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PREPARED BY 51 TOWN OF RICHMOND HILL REGIONAL MUNICIPALITY OF YORK LeslieSt. Stouffville Rd. King 6 Kilometers Area = 10,180 Hectares #12;POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Population Age Daily
Area Health Education Center of
Collins, Gary S.
Area Health Education Center of Eastern Washington Washington State University Extension's Area Health Education Center of Eastern Washington works with university and community allies to promote health for underserved and at-risk populations. It is part of a network of AHEC organiza- tions
Sullivan, Lisa
2007-01-01
ity and commitment to green design can inspire innovationof “product design, prefab, green building practices,modernism and green living. The Dwell on Design conference
Sullivan, Lisa
2007-01-01
Dwell on Design Lisa Sullivan Since its inception, in 2000,green living. The Dwell on Design conference and show, helds triple theme, of modern design, sustainability, and smart
Standby rate design: current issues and possible innovations
Goulding, A.J.; Bahceci, Serkan
2007-05-15
While options pricing principles have some relevance for the design a standby distribution rates, insurance pricing may provide an even better model. An insurance-based approach using an outage probability methodology also provides powerful incentives to the utility to connect additional DG resources to the grid. (author)
Chemical engineers design, control and optimize large-scale chemical,
Rohs, Remo
Introduction to Separation Processes (3, Sp) Use of equilibrium phase relations and principles of material by petition only. 405 Applications of Probability and Statistics for Chemical Engineers (3, Fa) Principles Chemical Reactor Analysis (3, Fa) Basic concepts of chemical kinetics and chemical reactor design
STUDIES ON OPTIMAL DESIGN AND OPERATION OF INTEGRATED
Skogestad, Sigurd
on distillation as a measure of separating a feed mixture into its constituents, probably dates back at least the efficiency has been towards heat integration between columns or between the column and other parts regulations, more recent research aims at designs that offer savings in both operational (energy) and capital
Risk-informed design changes for a passive cooling system
Patalano, Giovanbattista
2007-01-01
The failure probability of a passive decay heat removal system after a LOCA is evaluated as part of a risk-informed design process for a helium-cooled fast reactor. The system was modeled using RELAP5-3D. The epistemic ...
Before Mapping After Mapping Area Power Area Delay Power
Pedram, Massoud
32 Exam- ples Before Mapping After Mapping Area Power Area Delay Power 5xp1 0.93 0.98 0.86 0.82 0 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.07 0.99 duke2 1.01 1.01 0.99 1.13 0.97 e64 1.00 0.51 0.83 1.16 0.50 ex5 0.99 0.89 0.99 0.92 0.96 1.05 0.90 Table 2: Area, delay and power statistics for power script (normalized
Electric quadrupole transition probabilities and line strengths of Ti{sup 11+}
Gökçe, Yasin; Çelik, Gültekin; Y?ld?z, Murat
2014-07-15
Electric quadrupole transition probabilities and line strengths have been calculated using the weakest bound electron potential model for sodium-like titanium, considering many transition arrays. We employed numerical Coulomb approximation and non-relativistic Hartree–Fock wavefunctions for the expectation values of radii in determination of parameters of the model. The necessary energy values have been taken from experimental data in the literature. The calculated electric quadrupole line strengths have been compared with available data in the literature and good agreement has been obtained. Moreover, some electric quadrupole transition probability and line strength values not existing in the literature for some highly excited levels have been obtained using this method.
An Algorithm for Calculating the Probability of Classes of Data Patterns on a Genealogy
Koch, Jordan M.; Holder, Mark T.
2012-12-14
of Classes of Data Patterns on a Genealogy December 14, 2012 · Algorithms/Software Jordan M. Koch1, Mark T. Holder2 1 University of Kansas, 2 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas Koch JM, Holder MT. An Algorithm for Calculating... the Probability of Classes of Data Patterns on a Genealogy. PLOS Currents Tree of Life. 2012 Dec 14. Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/4fd1286980c08. Abstract Felsenstein’s pruning algorithm allows one to calculate the probability of any particular data pattern arising...
Least-Cost Groundwater Remediation Design Using Uncertain Hydrogeological Information
Pinder, George F.
1999-06-01
The research conducted by at the Research Center for Groundwater Remediation Design at the University of Vermont funded by the Department of Energy continues to focus on the implementation of a new method of including uncertainty into the optimal design of groundwater remediation systems. The uncertain parameter is the hydraulic conductivity of an aquifer. The optimization method utilized for this project is called robust optimization. The uncertainty of the hydraulic conductivity is described by a probability density function, PDF.
Sagebrush Flat Wildlife Area 2008 Annual Report.
Peterson, Dan [Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
2008-11-03
The Sagebrush Flat Wildlife Area is a 12,718 acre complex located in Douglas County, Washington. Four distinct management units make up the area: Bridgeport, Chester Butte, Dormaier and Sagebrush Flat. The four Units are located across a wide geographic area within Douglas County. The Units are situated roughly along a north/south line from Bridgeport in the north to the Douglas/Grant county line in the south, 60 miles away. The wildlife area was established to conserve and enhance shrubsteppe habitat for the benefit shrubsteppe obligate and dependent wildlife species. In particular, the Sagebrush Flat Wildlife Area is managed to promote the recovery of three state-listed species: Columbian sharp-tailed grouse (threatened), greater sage grouse (threatened) and the pygmy rabbit (endangered). The US Fish and Wildlife Service also list the pygmy rabbit as endangered. Wildlife area staff seeded 250 acres of old agricultural fields located on the Sagebrush Flat, Dormaier and Chester Butte units. This has been a three project to reestablish high quality shrubsteppe habitat on fields that had either been abandoned (Dormaier) or were dominated by non-native grasses. A mix of 17 native grasses and forbs, most of which were locally collected and grown, was used. First year maintenance included spot spraying Dalmatian toadflax on all sites and mowing annual weeds to reduce competition. Photo points were established and will be integral to long term monitoring and evaluation. Additional monitoring and evaluation will come from existing vegetation transects. This year weed control efforts included spot treatment of noxious weeds, particularly Dalmatian toadflax, in previously restored fields on the Bridgeport Unit (150 acres). Spot treatment also took place within fields scheduled for restoration (40 acres) and in areas where toadflax infestations are small and relatively easily contained. Where toadflax is so widespread that chemical treatment would be impractical, we use the bioagent Mecinus janthinus, available through Professor Gary Piper of Washington State University. This year we released 4,000 M. janthinus on the Bridgeport Unit at 6 separate locations. Since 2002 we have released approximately 14,400 of these insects, 80% of these on the Bridgeport Unit. Additional weed control activities included mowing and spot spraying more than 32 miles of roads, cutting and removal of annual weeds within fenced deer exclosures. We upgraded the solar powered irrigation system that supplies water to a stand of water birch trees planted in 2002. Wildlife area staff designed and built a new solar array and installed a higher capacity pump. The increased capacity will ensure that these trees receive adequate water through the hot summer months and allow us to create at least one additional stand. This project is an important part in our effort to expand the available winter habitat for sharp-tailed grouse on the Bridgeport Unit. Maintenance of fences, parking areas and roads continued during throughout the year. Two parking areas, at Chester Butte and Bridgeport, were graded and additional gravel added. Roads on the Bridgeport Unit were graded and repaired following spring runoff. Trespass and dumping issues have increased in recent years on the Bridgeport Unit. To address these problems we constructed four steel gates at access points on this unit. Each gate is tubular steel attached to 8-inch diameter steel posts, 10 feet long that are cemented into the ground. Two gates allow access to BPA substation facilities and power-line right-of ways so placement, construction and locking issues had to be coordinated with BPA's Real Estate staff in Spokane. Environmental Compliance Documentation issues were addressed again this year. This process has the potential to cause delays the completion of projects within the fiscal year. With this in mind and an eye toward the future, we requested that several projects planned for the coming years be surveyed this year. Beginning in August of 2007, area staff worked with BPA staff to identify work elements
Research Areas | Supercomputers & Computation | ORNL
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
not yet built. Simulations compress design cycles and lower costs for vehicle engines, airplane wings, and power plants, as virtual prototypes can be tested before their...
Technical evaluation: 300 Area steam line valve accident
Not Available
1993-08-01
On June 7, 1993, a journeyman power operator (JPO) was severely burned and later died as a result of the failure of a 6-in. valve that occurred when he attempted to open main steam supply (MSS) valve MSS-25 in the U-3 valve pit. The pit is located northwest of Building 331 in the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. Figure 1-1 shows a layout of the 300 Area steam piping system including the U-3 steam valve pit. Figure 1-2 shows a cutaway view of the approximately 10- by 13- by 16-ft-high valve pit with its various steam valves and connecting piping. Valve MSS-25, an 8-in. valve, is located at the bottom of the pit. The failed 6-in. valve was located at the top of the pit where it branched from the upper portion of the 8-in. line at the 8- by 8- by 6-in. tee and was then ``blanked off`` with a blind flange. The purpose of this technical evaluation was to determine the cause of the accident that led to the failure of the 6-in. valve. The probable cause for the 6-in. valve failure was determined by visual, nondestructive, and destructive examination of the failed valve and by metallurgical analysis of the fractured region of the valve. The cause of the accident was ultimately identified by correlating the observed failure mode to the most probable physical phenomenon. Thermal-hydraulic analyses, component stress analyses, and tests were performed to verify that the probable physical phenomenon could be reasonably expected to produce the failure in the valve that was observed.
Embedded Design Guide Embedded Design Guide
Berns, Hans-Gerd
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 DDR SDRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 DDR2 SDRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 DDR3 SDRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Memory System Design
Understanding Design Patterns with Design Rationale Graphs
Baniassad, Elisa
Understanding Design Patterns with Design Rationale Graphs Elisa Baniassad and Gail C. Murphy christa.schwanninger@mchp.siemens.de ABSTRACT A Design Pattern presents a proven solution to a common design problem using a combination of informal text, diagrams, and examples. Often, to suitably describe
Design Quality Criteria Design Quality Criteria
van Sinderen, Marten
Design Quality Criteria 19 Chapter 2 Design Quality Criteria This chapter discusses what qualities are desirable of an application protocol design, and what quality criteria can be used when evaluating methodology. The quality criteria presented are not peculiar to application protocol design
Engineering Design DEGREES: Master of Engineering Design
Thompson, Michael
. Admissions Criteria Masters (M.Eng.Design): The minimum academic requirement for admission is normallyEngineering Design DEGREES: Master of Engineering Design ENTRY DATES: September, January (limited) The W Booth School of Engineering Practice Master of Engineering Design graduate degree program
Postdoctoral Scholar position Area: Faculty of Medicine
de Leon, Alex R.
, preliminary design, material selection, prototyping, 3D printing, machining, final design, sterilization
Early-stage engineering design : the designer, the object of design, and design context
Roan, Earl Taylor
2008-01-01
Much of design research has been focused on developing prescriptive design processes, however, proper description of the designer, the object of design, and the context may be lacking (Dorst, 2007). The present research ...
Activated carbon testing for the 200 area effluent treatment facility
Wagner, R.N.
1997-01-17
This report documents pilot and laboratory scale testing of activated carbon for use in the 200 Area Effluent Treatment Facility peroxide decomposer columns. Recommendations are made concerning column operating conditions and hardware design, the optimum type of carbon for use in the plant, and possible further studies.
Aquatic Natural Areas Analysis and Evaluation: Oak Ridge Reservation
Baranski, Dr. Michael J.
2011-04-01
This report presents an assessment of the natural area value of eight Aquatic Natural Areas (ANAs) and seven Aquatic Reference Areas (ARAs) on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) in Anderson and Roane Counties in east Tennessee. It follows a previous study in 2009 that analyzed and evaluated terrestrial natural areas on the Reservation. The purpose of both studies was to evaluate and rank those specially designated areas on the Reservation that contain sensitive species, special habitats, and natural area value. Natural areas receive special protections through established statutes, regulations, and policies. The ORR contains 33,542 acres (13,574 ha) administered by the Department of Energy. The surface waters of the Reservation range from 1st-order to 5th-order streams, but the majority of the streams recognized as ANAs and ARAs are 1st- and 2nd-order streams. East Fork Poplar Creek is a 4th-order stream and the largest watershed that drains Reservation lands. All the waters of the Reservation eventually reach the Clinch River on the southern and western boundaries of the ORR. All available information was collected, synthesized, and evaluated. Field observations were made to support and supplement the available information. Geographic information system mapping techniques were used to develop several quantitative attributes about the study areas. Narrative descriptions of each ANA and ARA and tables of numerical data were prepared. Criteria for assessment and evaluation were developed, and eight categories of factors were devised to produce a ranking system. The evaluation factors used in the ranking system were: (A) size of area, (B) percentage of watershed protected, (C) taxa present with protected status, (D) overall biotic diversity, (E) stream features, (F) water quality and use support ratings, (G) disturbance regime, and (H) other factors. Each factor was evaluated on a 5-point ranking scale (0-4), and each area received a composite score, where 32 was the maximum score possible. A highly ranked ANA or ARA is one that is large in size compared to other areas, includes a greater proportion of the watershed within Reservation boundaries, contains a number of status taxa at high densities, exhibits a high overall biodiversity, has very good or excellent habitat and water quality, is well protected and isolated from disturbances, and shows several other characteristics that contribute to natural area value. In this report, the term 'natural area' is loosely defined as a terrestrial or aquatic system that exhibits, or is thought to exhibit, high natural integrity and other significant natural values. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate and rank the currently recognized Aquatic Natural Areas (ANAs) and Aquatic Reference Areas (ARAs) on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) for their natural area value. A previous study (Baranski 2009) analyzed, evaluated, and ranked terrestrial areas (Natural Areas [NAs], Reference Areas [RAs], and Cooperative Management Areas [CMAs]) on the ORR for natural area value, and a precise methodology for natural area evaluation was developed. The present study is intended to be a complement and companion to the terrestrial area study and attempts to employ a similar methodology for aquatic areas so that aquatic and terrestrial areas can be compared on a similar scale. This study specifically develops criteria for assessing the ecological, biodiversity, and natural area importance and significance of aquatic systems on the Reservation in a relevant and consistent manner. The information can be integrated into the Tennessee Natural Heritage Program (http://tn.gov/environment/na/nhp.shtml) system and applied to potential new aquatic areas. Further, the information will be useful in planning, management, and protection efforts on the ORR.
A PFMIPv6 Scheme Based on Handover Failure Probability for Mobile Nodes
Jang, Ju-Wook
cost problem. This is due to Handover Initiate (HI) and/or Handover Acknowledge (HAck) message exchange a new PFMIPv6 scheme which employs the handover failure probability (to be determined by speed scheme is more efficient in choosing MAG with 47% reduction of handover latencies, 34% reduction
The exact probability distribution of saturating states in random sequential adsorption
Masatomo Iwasa; Kyohei Fukuda
2008-12-03
We consider the non-overlapping irreversible random sequential adsorption (RSA) process on one-dimensional finite line, which is known also as the car parking process. The probability of each coverage in saturating states is analytically and exactly obtained. In the derivation, a new representation of states in RSA process is introduced, which effectively works to make the calculation clear and simple.
Probability distributions for offshore wind speeds Eugene C. Morgan a,*, Matthew Lackner b
Vogel, Richard M.
Probability distributions for offshore wind speeds Eugene C. Morgan a,*, Matthew Lackner b Wind turbine energy output Weibull distribution Extreme wind a b s t r a c t In planning offshore wind farms, short-term wind speeds play a central role in estimating various engi- neering parameters
Reply to Powell and Cocke: On the probability of catastrophic damage to
Jaramillo, Paulina
LETTER Reply to Powell and Cocke: On the probability of catastrophic damage to offshore wind farms to assess risk to offshore wind farms. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 10.1073/pnas.1206189109. 2. Rose S, Jaramillo on the hurricane risk to offshore wind turbines (2), we have reviewed and updated some of our analysis. However
Regression of Multicomponent Sticking Probabilities Using a Genetic Algorithm Ian J. Laurenzi*
Regression of Multicomponent Sticking Probabilities Using a Genetic Algorithm Ian J. LaurenziVania, Philadelphia, PennsylVania 19104 A genetic algorithm (GA) was developed for the purpose of regressing processes were then simulated under physiological conditions via Monte Carlo. The GA successfully regressed
Some highlights on the work in probability theory in India during 19802008: A report
Giri, Ranjit K.
Some highlights on the work in probability theory in India during 19802008: A report K R PARTHASARATHY Emeritus Distinguished Scientist, Indian Statistical Institute, 7, S.J.S. Sansanwal Marg, New Delhi 110 016, India e-mail: krp@isid.ac.in We are considering a period of approximately 25 years
Posterior Probability Estimation Techniques Embedded in a Bayes Filter for Vibration-based
Zell, Andreas
Posterior Probability Estimation Techniques Embedded in a Bayes Filter for Vibration-based Terrain Classification Philippe Komma and Andreas Zell Abstract Vibration signals acquired during robot traversal provide] or ladar sensors [15, 10] can be employed. Recently, several researchers considered vehicle vibrations
POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES
Conrad, Brian
POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES BRIAN CONRAD AND MICHAEL MITZENMACHER Abstract. An early result in the history of power laws, due to Miller, concerned the following)/N. Miller proved that in this experiment, the rank-frequency distribution of words follows a power law
LETTER Communicated by Adrienne Fairhall Spike Train Probability Models for Stimulus-Driven Leaky
Kass, Rob
process models have been introduced in the literature: the time-rescaled renewal process (TRRP) and time-rescaled renewal-process models (Barbieri, Quirk, Frank, Wilson, & Brown, 2001; Koyama & ShinomotoLETTER Communicated by Adrienne Fairhall Spike Train Probability Models for Stimulus-Driven Leaky
THE PROBABILITIES OF ABSOLUTE RUIN IN THE RENEWAL RISK MODEL WITH CONSTANT FORCE OF INTEREST
Tang, Qihe
THE PROBABILITIES OF ABSOLUTE RUIN IN THE RENEWAL RISK MODEL WITH CONSTANT FORCE OF INTEREST of ...nite- and in...nite-time absolute ruin in the renewal risk model with constant premium rate; Convolution equiva- lence; Heavy tails; Renewal risk model 1. Introduction In this paper we address
Fitelson, Branden
Ian Hacking. An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic. Cambridge University Press 2000, and as an introduction to statistical inference and decision theory, it is even better. Hacking writes very clearly and engagingly throughout. A good supply of well-chosen exercises appear at the end of each chapter, and Hacking
MATH 4452 (Ng/Spring 2012) Conditional Probability and Exponential distribution.
Ng, Peh H.
minutes? 4. Suppose that the amount of time that a lightbulb works before burning itself out is expo- nentially distributed with mean ten minutes. Suppose a person enters a room in which a lightbulb is burning work without the lightbulb burning out? What can be said about this probability if the distribution
Squire, Larry R.
oligoclonal IgG in patients with multiple sclerosis is probably not directed against myelin antigens. The pursuit of the intrathecal B-cell response in multiple sclerosis has been ongoing for decades to the need for an individualised approach to treat patients with multiple sclerosis. Trygve Holmøy, Anne Lise
Abry, Patrice
2003-01-01
Statistics & Probability Letters 64 (2003) 147Â157 Can continuous-time stationary stable processes = {X (t)}tR is a continuous-time strictly -stable, (0; 2), process which is stationary, that is implications. Theorem 1.1. A continuous-time strictly -stable stationary process X = {X (t)}tR with (0; 2) has
Applied Probability Trust (21 October 2008) CONTINUOUS-STATE BRANCHING PROCESSES AND SELF-SIMILARITY
Applied Probability Trust (21 October 2008) CONTINUOUS-STATE BRANCHING PROCESSES AND SELF study the -stable continuous-state branching processes (for (1, 2]) and the latter process conditioned of the Lamperti transformation for continuous state branching processes and the Lamperti transformation
Ionization probability of atoms and molecules sputtered from a cesium covered silver surface
Wucher, Andreas
Ionization probability of atoms and molecules sputtered from a cesium covered silver surface S that the dependence of the AgCs ion fraction on the cesium surface concentration does not follow the ionization conditions by a rastered 10 keV Xe ion beam and subsequently covered with cesium by deposition from
NASA/TM-2012-217357 Probability of Causation for Space Radiation
Rathbun, Julie A.
NASA/TM-2012-217357 Probability of Causation for Space Radiation Carcinogenesis following International Space Station, Near Earth Asteroid, and Mars Missions Francis A. Cucinotta NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Sciences Houston, Texas February 2012 #12;THE NASA STI PROGRAM OFFICE . . . IN PROFILE Since its founding
Joint propagation of probability and possibility in risk analysis: Towards a formal framework
Winckler, Marco Antonio Alba
Joint propagation of probability and possibility in risk analysis: Towards a formal framework Ce by propagating uncertainty in risk analysis when some input parameters are stochastic and perfectly observable to the output of some function of interest from the risk analysis model can be either represented by a fuzzy
Risk Analysis, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1999 The Expected Value of Information and the Probability
Shlyakhter, Ilya
Risk Analysis, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1999 The Expected Value of Information and the Probability of Health Policy and Management and Center for Risk Analysis, School of Public Health, Harvard University 0272-4332/99/02000135$16.00/1 © 1999 Society for Risk Analysis Risk Assessment and Risk Management
Outage Probability for Joint Processing Coordinated Multi-Point (JP-CoMP) Performance
Coupechoux, Marceau
Outage Probability for Joint Processing Coordinated Multi-Point (JP-CoMP) Performance Analysis Seminar 09 Mar. 2011 M. Coupechoux (TPT) Outage Prob. for JP-CoMP 09 Mar. 2011 1 / 48 #12;LTE and LTE Nets CoMP Figure: Evolution of the 3GPP Standards. M. Coupechoux (TPT) Outage Prob. for JP-CoMP 09 Mar
Information Outage Probability of Orthogonal Space-Time Block Codes over Hoyt Distributed
Rontogiannis, Athanasios A.
Information Outage Probability of Orthogonal Space-Time Block Codes over Hoyt Distributed Fading,tronto,mathio} @space.noa.gr Abstract- In this paper the information outage probabil- ity (IOP) of orthogonal space telecommunications applications. For instance, in [4] this model has been used in outage analysis of cellular mobile
Effects of quadrupole vibration of the fragments on. mu. - final state probabilities
Zheng Guo-tong; Wang Yan-sen; Yuan Zu-shu; Qiu Zhi-hong
1988-01-01
The muon final-state probabilities after muon-induced fission of /sup 238/U are calculated by using the LCAO (Linear Combination of Atomic Orbital) method. The ordinary viscosity of the fissioning nucleus, the deformations and quadrupole vibrations of the two fragments are taken into account. The calculated results are compared with those obtained by neglecting the quadrupole vibration
Lanterman, Aaron
, such as Lockheed Martin's Silent Sentry system, have a number of advantages over conventional ac- tive radar and Velocity Measurements Martin Tobias and Aaron D. Lanterman School of Electrical and Computer Engineering@ece.gatech.edu Keywords-- Multitarget Tracking, Probability Hypothesis Density, Passive Radar, Sensor Fusion, Passive
Nature 442, 657-659 (10 August 2006) 1 A probable stellar solution
Korn, Andreas
Nature 442, 657-659 (10 August 2006) 1 A probable stellar solution to the cosmological lithium Munkegade, 8000 Â°Arhus C, Denmark. 33GRAAL-UMR5024/ISTEEM (CNRS), UniversitÂ´e Montpel- lier II, Place E to the composition of the gas from which the stars originated. Giant stars, however, have deep surface convection
A quadrature-based LES/transported probability density function approach for
Raman, Venkat
and a cavity-stabilized supersonic combustor. Comparisons with experimental data demon- strate the predictiveA quadrature-based LES/transported probability density function approach for modeling supersonic the direct quadrature method of moments (DQMOM) is developed for evolving the PDF-based supersonic combustion
Phillips, Rob
The Rate of Osmotic Downshock Determines the Survival Probability of Bacterial Mechanosensitive and respond to environmental changes. In bacteria, these channels are be- lieved to protect against an osmotic that the protection provided by MS channels depends strongly on the rate of osmotic change, revealing that, under
Pictures, scenarios or probabilities: how should we portray dangerous climate change?
Hulme, Mike
1 Pictures, scenarios or probabilities: how should we portray dangerous climate change? Professor of East Anglia Prepared for the conference on "Perspectives on dangerous climate change", 28-29 June 2004 University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK Version 16 June 2004 Abstract "Dangerous climate change" has entered
Load-shedding probabilities with hybrid renewable power generation and energy storage
Xu , Huan
Load-shedding probabilities with hybrid renewable power generation and energy storage Huan Xu, Ufuk to the intermittency in the power output. These difficulties can be alleviated by effectively utilizing energy storage turbines, supplemented with energy storage. We use a simple storage model alongside a combination
Approximations for Bit Error Probabilities in SSMA Communication Systems Using Spreading
Keller, Gerhard
Approximations for Bit Error Probabilities in SSMA Communication Systems Using Spreading Sequences@mi.uni-erlangen.de Abstract-- In previous research, we considered SSMA (spread spectrum multiple access) communication systems of spread spectrum multiple access (SSMA) communication systems, the standard Gaussian approximation (SGA
A Framework to Determine the Probability Density Function for the Output Power of Wind Farms
Dominguez-Garcia, Alejandro
A Framework to Determine the Probability Density Function for the Output Power of Wind Farms Sairaj to the power output of a wind farm while factoring in the availability of the wind turbines in the farm availability model for the wind turbines, we propose a method to determine the wind-farm power output pdf
The Probability Distribution of Land Surface Wind Speeds ADAM H. MONAHAN AND YANPING HE
He, Yanping
, the Netherlands, and Los Alamos, New Mexico, demonstrate that lower-tropospheric wind speeds become moreThe Probability Distribution of Land Surface Wind Speeds ADAM H. MONAHAN AND YANPING HE School surface wind speeds is characterized using a global network of observations. Daytime surface wind speeds
Constructing Ramsey graphs from small probability spaces IBM Almaden Research Center
Naor, Moni
Constructing Ramsey graphs from small probability spaces Moni Naor IBM Almaden Research Center 650 Harry Road SanÂJose CA 95120 naor@almaden.ibm.com Abstract The problem of explicitly constructing Ramsey of all graphs in a distribution that is known to have mostly Ramsey graphs. Keywords: Ramsey Graphs
Constructing Ramsey graphs from small probability spaces IBM Almaden Research Center
Naor, Moni
Constructing Ramsey graphs from small probability spaces Moni Naor IBM Almaden Research Center 650 Harry Road San-Jose CA 95120 naor@almaden.ibm.com Abstract The problem of explicitly constructing Ramsey of all graphs in a distribution that is known to have mostly Ramsey graphs. Keywords: Ramsey Graphs
FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2014
Connors, Daniel A.
1 FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2014 We are higher than normal, and vertical wind shear throughout the Atlantic basin has been much stronger than-period average values. (as of 31 July 2014) By Philip J. Klotzbach1 and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well
Increased Hot-Plate Ignition Probability for Nanoparticle-Laden Diesel Fuel
Pacheco, Jose Rafael
droplets of the fuel were allowed to fall in a controlled environment on a heated metallic plateIncreased Hot-Plate Ignition Probability for Nanoparticle-Laden Diesel Fuel Himanshu Tyagi, Patrick April 2, 2008 ABSTRACT The present study attempts to improve the ignition properties of diesel fuel
What is the Probability of Receiving a US Patent?* Michael Carley
Sekhon, Jasjeet S.
1 What is the Probability of Receiving a US Patent?* Michael Carley , Deepak Hegde,§ and Alan Marco** January 10, 2014 ABSTRACT We follow the prosecution histories of the 2.15 million new patent applications filed at the US Patent and Trademark Office between 1996 and 2005 to calculate patent allowance rates
A general method for the computation of probabilities in systems of first order chemical reactions
Djuriæ, Petar M.
A general method for the computation of probabilities in systems of first order chemical reactions for the computation of molecular population distributions in a system of first-order chemical reactions. The method to model the chemical reactions in a stochastic way rather than with the traditional differential equations
NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS HYDRO 39 PROBABLE MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION FOR THE UPPER
NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS HYDRO 39 PROBABLE MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION FOR THE UPPER DEERFIELD RIVER The Office of Hydrology (HYDRO) of the National Weather Service (NWS) develops procedures for making river agencies, and conducts pertinent research and development. NOAA Technical Memorandums in the NWS HYDRO
Berdichevsky, Victor
#12;#12;ENGINEERING COURSE DESCRIPTIONS This is an introductory course in probability and statistics for engineering students The goals of this course are to: · Develop skills in analyzing the random and human factors: anthropometry, biomechanics, and information processing. The goal is to enable
Probabilities for a probabilistic network: a case study in oesophageal cancer
Valtorta, Marco
Probabilities for a probabilistic network: a case study in oesophageal cancer L.C. van der Gaaga of Radiation Oncology and Gastroenterology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoekhuis from The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoekhuis, a decision-support system is being
Load-shedding probabilities with hybrid renewable power generation and energy storage
Xu, Huan
Load-shedding probabilities with hybrid renewable power generation and energy storage Huan Xu, Ufuk, and energy storage. costs [7], [8], [9]. Reference [10] uses a probabilistic model to predict the feasibility Topcu, Steven H. Low, Christopher R. Clarke, and K. Mani Chandy Abstract-- The integration of renewable
Budzban, Gregory
Convolution Products of Probability Measures on a Compact Semigroup with Applications to Random of these conditions to random measures, defined here as the products of independent random variables taking values products of non-identical measures in countable discrete groups in [2]. In that work, they made use
Math 30440 --Probability and Statistics Spring 2010 first mid-term exam practice problems
Galvin, David
times that he teaches the course), brewing the elixir of life (40% of the times) and creating with a explosion; when he brews the elixir of life, there is a 50% chance of an explosion, and when he creates-explosion smoke, what should he conclude is the probability that he has just missed a demonstration of brewing
Assessment of probability density estimation methods: Parzen window and Finite Gaussian Mixtures
Verleysen, Michel
. Archambeau DICE Université Catholique de Louvain Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium archambeau@dice.ucl.ac.be A Catholique de Louvain Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium Verleysen@dice.ucl.ac.be Abstract--Probability Density of a given data set, i.e. a realization of the random variable, and to carry out efficient data mining. When
Raman, Venkat
LARGE EDDY SIMULATION/EULERIAN PROBABILITY DENSITY FUNCTION APPROACH FOR SIMULATING HYDROGEN 78712 Email: v.raman@mail.utexas.edu Scott Martin Siemens Energy Corp. Orlando, Florida Email:scott.m.martin@siemens.com ABSTRACT To describe partially-premixed combustion inside hydrogen- rich combustors, a novel quadrature
Z. Tang; E. R. Adamek; A. Brandt; N. B. Callahan; S. M. Clayton; S. A. Currie; T. M. Ito; M. Makela; Y. Masuda; C. L. Morris; R. Pattie Jr.; J. C. Ramsey; D. J. Salvat; A. Saunders; A. R. Young
2015-10-23
We report a measurement of the spin-flip probabilities for ultracold neutrons interacting with surfaces coated with nickel phosphorus. For 50 $\\mu$m thick nickel phosphorus coated on stainless steel, the spin-flip probability per bounce was found to be $\\beta_{\\rm NiP\\;on\\;SS} = (3.3^{+1.8}_{-5.6}) \\times 10^{-6}$. For 50 $\\mu$m thick nickel phosphorus coated on aluminum, the spin-flip probability per bounce was found to be $\\beta_{\\rm NiP\\;on\\;Al} = (3.6^{+2.1}_{-5.9}) \\times 10^{-6}$. For the copper guide used as reference, the spin flip probability per bounce was found to be $\\beta_{\\rm Cu} = (6.7^{+5.0}_{-2.5}) \\times 10^{-6}$. Nickel phosphorus coated stainless steel or aluminum provides a solution when UCN guides that have a high Fermi potential and are low-cost, mechanically robust, and non-depolarizing are needed.
THE FOURIER-SERIES METHOD FOR INVERTING TRANSFORMS OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
Whitt, Ward
Ward Whitt 900 Hammond Road AT&T Bell Laboratories Ridgewood, NJ 07450-2908 Room 2C-178 Murray Hill, NJ FOURIER-SERIES METHOD FOR INVERTING TRANSFORMS OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS by Joseph Abate Ward Whitt 900 Hammond Road AT&T Bell Laboratories Ridgewood, NJ 07450-2908 Room 2C-178 Murray Hill, NJ 07974
The No-Boundary Probability for the Universe starting at the top of the hill
Tim Clunan
2007-04-16
We use the Hartle-Hawking No-Boundary Proposal to make a comparison between the probabilities of the universe starting near, and at, the top of a hill in the effective potential. In the context of top-down cosmology, our calculation finds that the universe doesn't start at the top.
Simulating Hurricane Tracks and Strike Probabilities Chris Phillips and Stephen McFarling
Rowell, Eric C.
Simulating Hurricane Tracks and Strike Probabilities Chris Phillips and Stephen McFarling 29 July of hurricanes, and the resulting economic consequences for oil rigs located in the Gulf of Mexico. Using movement of hurricanes) and the states that represent the system (the position of the hurricane in degrees
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
or if they need to add this to their audit they have performed yearly by a public accounting firm. 316 audits are essentially A-133 audits for for-profit entities. They DO...
Johnson, Dan L.
1 Design and Analysis of Experiments Course number: STAT 3850b / 5850b. Spring, 2009. First class: Oehlert, G.W. 2000. A first course in design and analysis of experiments. W.H. Freeman and Co., New York and discuss methods of experimental design and analysis, for the purposes of identifying probable causality
Rev. Econ. Design (2013) 17:95128 DOI 10.1007/s10058-013-0144-z
2013-01-01
prediction market (GHPM) was an internet prediction market designed to predict the opening day of the Gates · Market design JEL Classification D4 · D7 An earlier version of this paper was presented at and appeared probability distributions over large event spaces. In this paper, we discuss the design of a market, the Gates
Communication in Home Area Networks
Wang, Yubo
2012-01-01
21] ZigBee Alliance. "ZigBee Smart Energy V2.0”, 2011 [22]Secure remote access to Smart Energy Home area Networks”,Density HEMS SEP Smart Energy Profile HV Home Energy
Progress Update: M Area Closure
Cody, Tom
2012-06-14
A progress update of the Recovery Act at work at the Savannah River Site. The celebration of the first area cleanup completion with the help of the Recovery Act.
Security Area Vouching and Piggybacking
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2000-06-05
Establishes requirements for the Department of Energy (DOE) Security Area practice of "vouching" or "piggybacking" access by personnel. DOE N 251.40, dated 5-3-01, extends this directive until 12-31-01.
Variable area fuel cell cooling
Kothmann, Richard E. (Churchill Borough, PA)
1982-01-01
A fuel cell arrangement having cooling fluid flow passages which vary in surface area from the inlet to the outlet of the passages. A smaller surface area is provided at the passage inlet, which increases toward the passage outlet, so as to provide more uniform cooling of the entire fuel cell. The cooling passages can also be spaced from one another in an uneven fashion.
Zhao, Liang
2005-02-17
-1 MULTI-AREA NETWORK ANALYSIS A Dissertation by LIANG ZHAO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY... December 2004 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering MULTI-AREA NETWORK ANALYSIS A Dissertation by LIANG ZHAO Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR...
Bechtel Nevada; U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office
2006-06-01
The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office manages two low-level Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site. The Area 5 RWMS uses engineered shallow-land burial cells to dispose of packaged waste. This report summarizes characterization and monitoring work pertinent to the 92-Acre Area in the southeast part of the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites. The decades of characterization and assessment work at the Area 5 RWMS indicate that the access controls, waste operation practices, site design, final cover design, site setting, and arid natural environment contribute to a containment system that meets regulatory requirements and performance objectives for the short- and long-term protection of the environment and public. The available characterization and Performance Assessment information is adequate to support design of the final cover and development of closure plans. No further characterization is warranted to demonstrate regulatory compliance. U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office is proceeding with the development of closure plans for the six closure units of the 92-Acre Area.
Research Areas | National Nuclear Security Administration
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Stewardship Science Academic Alliances Research Areas Research Areas Properties of Materials under Extreme Conditions and Hydrodynamics During open solicitations research...
Probability and consequences of a rapid boron dilution sequence in a PWR
Diamond, D.J.; Kohut, P.; Nourbakhsh, H.; Valtonen, K.; Secker, P.
1995-11-01
The reactor restart scenario is one of several beyond-design-basis events in a pressurized water reactor (PWR) which can lead to rapid boron dilution in the core. This in turn can lead to a power excursion and the potential for fuel damage. A probabilistic analysis had been done for this event for a European PWR. The estimated core damage frequency was found to be high partially because of a high frequency for a LOOP and assumptions regarding operator actions. As a result, a program of analysis and experiment was initiated and corrective actions were taken. A system was installed so that the suction of the charging pumps would switch to the highly borated refueling water storage tank (RWST) when there was a trip of the RCPs. This was felt to reduce the estimated core damage frequency to an acceptable level. In the US, this original study prompted the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to issue an information notice to follow work being done in this area and to initiate studies such as the work at BNL reported herein. In order to see if the core damage frequency might be as high in US plants, a probabilistic assessment of this scenario was done for three plants. Two important conservative assumptions in this analysis were that (1) the mixing of the injectant was insignificant and (2) fuel damage occurs when the slug passes through the core. In order to study the first assumption, analysis was carried out for two of the plants using a mixing model. The second assumption was studied by calculating the neutronic response of the core to a slug of deborated water for one of the plants. All three types of analyses are summarized below. More information is available in the original report.
Low Power Shift and Add Multiplier Design
Marimuthu, C N; Ramesan, Aswathy; 10.5121/ijcsit.2010.2302
2010-01-01
Today every circuit has to face the power consumption issue for both portable device aiming at large battery life and high end circuits avoiding cooling packages and reliability issues that are too complex. It is generally accepted that during logic synthesis power tracks well with area. This means that a larger design will generally consume more power. The multiplier is an important kernel of digital signal processors. Because of the circuit complexity, the power consumption and area are the two important design considerations of the multiplier. In this paper a low power low area architecture for the shift and add multiplier is proposed. For getting the low power low area architecture, the modifications made to the conventional architecture consist of the reduction in switching activities of the major blocks of the multiplier, which includes the reduction in switching activity of the adder and counter. This architecture avoids the shifting of the multiplier register. The simulation result for 8 bit multiplie...
Yang, Maria
innovation as part of product design courses has thus become very important to increase the probability 15-18, 2010, Montreal, Quebec, Canada DETC2010-28985 UNDERSTANDING INNOVATION IN STUDENT DESIGN, Massachusetts 02139 Tamara Carleton Center for Foresight and Innovation Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305
Limitations on area compression of beams from pierce guns
Yakovlev, V.P.; Nezhevenko, O.A. [Omega-P Inc., 202008 Yale Station, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-2008 (United States)
1999-05-01
An important limitation for rf sources such as klystrons and magnicons, designed for 10{close_quote}s of MW power outputs at cm-wavelengths, is the transverse electron beam size. Cathode current density limits require high beam area compressions to obtain small transverse beam areas for fixed currents. This paper discusses the limitations to high beam area compression, namely geometrical aberrations and thermal spread in transverse velocities. Compensation can oftentimes be introduced for aberrations, but thermal velocity spread presents a fundamental limitation. Examples where subtle compensation strategies were employed are discussed for three guns with 100 MW beam power, and area compressions greater than 2000:1. Two of these guns have already been built. A clear determination of effective cathode temperature has yet to be found experimentally, but possible means to measure it are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}
Lokhov, Andrey Y
2015-01-01
An important problem of reconstruction of diffusion network and transmission probabilities from the data has attracted a considerable attention in the past several years. A number of recent papers introduced efficient algorithms for the estimation of spreading parameters, based on the maximization of the likelihood of observed cascades, assuming that the full information for all the nodes in the network is available. In this work, we focus on a more realistic and restricted scenario, in which only a partial information on the cascades is available: either the set of activation times for a limited number of nodes, or the states of nodes for a subset of observation times. To tackle this problem, we first introduce a framework based on the maximization of the likelihood of the incomplete diffusion trace. However, we argue that the computation of this incomplete likelihood is a computationally hard problem, and show that a fast and robust reconstruction of transmission probabilities in sparse networks can be achi...
2012-02-24
GENI Project: Sandia National Laboratories is working with several commercial and university partners to develop software for market management systems (MMSs) that enable greater use of renewable energy sources throughout the grid. MMSs are used to securely and optimally determine which energy resources should be used to service energy demand across the country. Contributions of electricity to the grid from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are intermittent, introducing complications for MMSs, which have trouble accommodating the multiple sources of price and supply uncertainties associated with bringing these new types of energy into the grid. Sandia’s software will bring a new, probability-based formulation to account for these uncertainties. By factoring in various probability scenarios for electricity production from renewable energy sources in real time, Sandia’s formula can reduce the risk of inefficient electricity transmission, save ratepayers money, conserve power, and support the future use of renewable energy.
A probability current analysis of energy transport in open quantum systems
Jan J. J. Roden; K. Birgitta Whaley
2015-01-24
We introduce a probability current analysis of excitation energy transfer between states of an open quantum system. Expressing the energy transfer through currents of excitation probability between the states in a site representation enables us to gain key insights into the energy transfer dynamics. It allows to, i) identify the pathways of energy transport in large networks of sites and to quantify their relative weights, ii) quantify the respective contributions of unitary dynamics, dephasing, and relaxation/dissipation processes to the energy transfer, and iii) quantify the contribution of coherence to the energy transfer. Our analysis is general and can be applied to a broad range of open quantum system descriptions (with coupling to non-Markovian environments) in a straightforward manner.
Design Editorial Design: The New Frontier
Papalambros, Panos
countries with lower labor costs. In a sense, our research and education agenda must transition from a "pure for sustainable growth and innovation, and design is the surest path to realizing it. Design is the new frontier with innovation, as exemplified in frequent references to design in the business press. In the pursuit for sus
of small. run-of-the-river hydro project. (Agency will probably support.) Methow ;Basin tributaries. Add protected for resident fish and wildlife to unprotected. Submitted by Nooksack River Hydro. Reason: project area not important for species of concern. If approved, this change would allow construction of hydro
Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"
. In this paper, the sustainable performance of a wireless mesh network powered by renewable energy sourcesIEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 32, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2014 345 Sustainability sustainability of the network, or equivalently, to minimize the failure probability that the mesh access points
Singh, Chandralekha
2015-01-01
We have been investigating the difficulties that students in upper-level undergraduate courses have in determining the probability distribution for measuring energy and position as a function of time when the initial wave function is explicitly given. We administered written free-response and multiple-choice questions to investigate these difficulties. We find that students have common difficulties with these concepts. We discuss some of the findings.
Izadparast, Amir Hossein
2012-02-14
energetic ocean waves may be converted to usable energy, utilizing Wave Energy Convertor (WEC) devices. The random characteristic of ocean environment requires engineers to consider the effects of random variability of the pertinent variables...-1 SEMI-EMPIRICAL PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS AND THEIR APPLICATION IN WAVE-STRUCTURE INTERACTION PROBLEMS A Dissertation by AMIR HOSSEIN IZADPARAST Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...
Stejskal, G.
1990-12-01
During the third quarter of 1990 the wells which make up the H-Area Seepage Basins (H-HWMF) monitoring network were sampled. Laboratory analyses were performed to measure levels of hazardous constituents, indicator parameters, tritium, nonvolatile beta, and gross alpha. A Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GCMS) scan was performed on all wells sampled to determine any hazardous organic constituents present in the groundwater. The primary contaminants observed at wells monitoring the H-Area Seepage Basins are tritium, nitrate, mercury, gross alpha, nonvolatile beta, trichloroethylene (TCE), tetrachloroethylene, lead, cadmium, arsenic, and total radium.
Probable new type of reaction mechanism: Double. cap alpha. direct transfer process
Xu Shu-wei; Wu Guo-hua; Miao Rong-zhi; Han Fei
1983-10-01
It is assumed that /sup 8/Be consists of two ..cap alpha.. particles which are close to each other in configuration space. A spectroscopic density of /sup 8/Be cluster in the residue nuclei is then obtained, which is proportional to the square of the preformation probability of ..cap alpha.. particle at nuclear surface. Using the improved method of parametrization of EFR-DWBA overlap integral,/sup 1//sup en-dash//sup 2/ we calculate the double differential energy spectra and angular distributions of ..cap alpha.. particles for the reactions /sup 209/Bi (/sup 12/C, ..cap alpha..) /sup 217/Fr and extract the preformation probability of ..cap alpha.. particle at the surface of /sup 217/Fr nuclei from fitting the experimental data. The agreement within the range of calculation error between the preformation probabilities extracted from transfer reactions and ..cap alpha.. decay suggests that the reaction /sup 209/Bi(/sup 12/C, ..cap alpha..) /sup 217/Fr may be explained as a double ..cap alpha.. direct transfer process.
) of the global NEP for the years 1980, 1990 and 2000. The blue curves represent the PDFs of the ensemble members (NEP). Finally, we combine all probability density functions (PDFs) for NEP to obtain the overall the full probability distribution of the global NEP. Although, the individual PDFs are Gaussian
Compositional Design of Analog Systems Using Contracts
Sun, Xuening
2011-01-01
Background 2.1 DesignDesign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .based Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
University of Virginia Housing Areas
Huang, Wei
University of Virginia Housing Areas Copeley Hill Faulkner Copeley III & IV Piedmont Hereford Gardens Lile-Maupin House 2372 Tuttle - Dunnington House 2373 Shannon House 2374 Gibbons House 2375 IvyGardensWay Tree House Drive Grady Avenue University Court Farrish Circle W estview Road Engineer'sWay Gildersleve
Brown, M.J.
1995-03-22
This document summarizes the sampling criteria associated with the 200 Area Treatment Effluent Facility (TEDF) that are needed to comply with the requirements of the Washington State Discharge Permit No. WA ST 4502 and good engineering practices at the generator streams that feed into TEDF. In addition, this document Identifies the responsible parties for both sampling and data transference.
Kieval, Tamar S. (Tamar Shoshana), 1980-
2004-01-01
Blast design is a necessary part of design for more buildings in the United States. Blast design is no longer limited to underground shelters and sensitive military sites, buildings used by the general public daily must ...
Cuff, Dana
2009-01-01
sense of the term. The design professions have been accusedDesign after Disaster Dana Cuff In the past decade, asAre we to conclude that design is inherently emasculated
Lewis, Chris
2013-01-01
1.5 Motivational design patterns . . . 1.5.1 Gameful3.2.3 Motivational design pattern definition . . . .3.2.42011). Gamification by Design: Im- plementing Game Mechanics
Savannah River Site H-Area Tank Farm Performance Assessment Scoping...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
H-Area Tank Farm Performance Assessment Scoping Meeting April 20-22, 2010 230 Green Blvd. Aiken Design Center Building Village at Woodside Aiken, SC DRAFT MEETING NOTES Tuesday,...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to salvage and demolish the 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area steam plants and their associated steam distribution piping...
Locomotive design and construction /
Maris, James Clyde.
1919-01-01
. Proportions of Locomotive 20 Comparison of various factors. Boilers 23 Types, boiler performance, details, fire box design and performance, grate design, ash pan design, petti coat pipe and front end arrangement, stack design, exhaust nozzle sizes..., fittings and appliances, brick arches. Boiler Making 46 Laying out templates, forming the plates, flange block design, swageblock design, fitting up, testing, firing up. Superheated Steam for Locomotives 58 Modern practice, types of superheaters...
Sung, Youngchul
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 11, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2012 3561 Outage Probability and Outage-Based Robust Beamforming for MIMO Interference Channels with Imperfect Channel State Information, and H. Vincent Poor Fellow, IEEE Abstract--In this paper, the outage probability and outage- based beam
Yýlmaz, Özgür
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION 1 Calculating Outage Probability channels present a realistic model in many communication scenarios. We propose a method by which the outage generating functions helps obtain outage probabilities in various cases such as wideband noise jamming
Loyka, Sergey
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 6, JUNE 2011 1731 On Outage Probability antennas and the relays have a single one. Compact closed-form expressions are obtained for the outage probability under i.i.d. and correlated Rayleigh-fading links. Low-outage approxima- tions are derived, which
Poulakakis, Ioannis
Error Probabilities and Threshold Selection in Networked Nuclear Detection Chetan D. Pahlajani analytical bounds on error probabilities in the setting of networked nuclear detection based on a likelihood or radioactive) within a fixed time interval. Exploiting the particular modeling structure of remote nuclear
Jurafsky, Daniel
which have a high unigram, bigram, or reverse bigram (given the following word) probability are shorter probabilities including the unigram and bigram prob abilities of the target word, as well as the `reverse linear and logistic regression to control for con textual factors like phonetic context and rate
Jurafsky, Daniel
which have a high unigram, bigram, or reverse bigram (given the following word) probability are shorter probabilities including the unigram and bigram prob- abilities of the target word, as well as the `reverse linear and logistic regression to control for con- textual factors like phonetic context and rate
Implementing Safeguards-by-Design
Trond Bjornard; Robert Bean; Phillip Casey Durst; John Hockert; James Morgan
2010-02-01
Executive Summary Excerpt Safeguards-by-Design (SBD) is an approach to the design and construction of nuclear facilities whereby safeguards are designed-in from the very beginning. It is a systematic and structured approach for fully integrating international and national safeguards (MC&A), physical security, and other proliferation barriers into the design and construction process for nuclear facilities. SBD is primarily a project management or project coordination challenge, and this report focuses on that aspect of SBD. The present report continues the work begun in 2008 and focuses specifically on the design process, or project management and coordination - the planning, definition, organization, coordination, scheduling and interaction of activities of the safeguards experts and stakeholders as they participate in the design and construction of a nuclear facility. It delineates the steps in a nuclear facility design and construction project, in order to provide the project context within which the safeguards design activities take place, describes the involvement of safeguards experts in the design process, the nature of their analyses, interactions and decisions, as well as describing the documents created and how they are used. Designing and constructing a nuclear facility is an extremely complex undertaking. The stakeholders in an actual project are many – owner, operator, State regulators, nuclear facility primary contractor, subcontractors (e.g. instrument suppliers), architect engineers, project management team, safeguards, safety and security experts, in addition to the IAEA and its team. The purpose of the present report is to provide a common basis for discussions amongst stakeholders to collaboratively develop a SBD approach that will be both practically useful and mutually beneficial. The principal conclusions from the present study are: • In the short term, the successful implementation of SBD is principally a project management problem. • Life-cycle cost analysis can be a useful tool in safeguards design. • An important obstacle to straight forward application of life-cycle cost analysis is that there is no single organization responsible for the entire life-cycle cost of the facility. • The Safeguards Effectiveness Report (SGER) is proposed as a focus for the safeguards design activities, and is intended to be a living document that contains increasing safeguards relevant scope and content as the facility design emerges. Further work is required in a number of areas. The authors note that other studies supported by NGSI are addressing the development of requirements and performance criteria, as well as contributing to the design toolkit through the development of technology, methodology, and safeguards guidelines for designers. With respect to further development of the SBD design process, the authors recommend: • In the short term, conduct a workshop with interested industry representatives, to ensure that their perspectives and needs are factored into further development. • In the short term, provide NGSI SBD project documents to IAEA, and support them in the conduct of an ‘SBD Workshop II.” • In the medium term, continue to support the SBD demonstration work started with the Next Generation Nuclear Plant project. • In the longer term, conduct further studies to examine the integration of SBD into projects with concurrent consideration of physical security and safety.
Franta, G.; Baylin, F.; Crowther, R.; Dubin, F.; Grace, A., Griffith, J.W.; Holtz, M.; Kutscher, C.; Nordham, D.; Selkowitz, S.; Villecco, M.
1981-06-01
This Solar Design Workbook presents solar building design applications for commercial buildir^s. The book is divided into four sections. The first section describes the variety of solar applications in buildings including conservation aspects, solar fundamentals, passive systems, active systems, daylighting, and other solar options. Solar system design evaluation techniques including considerations for building energy requirements, passive systems, active systems, and economics are presented in Section II. The third section attempts to assist the designer in the building design process for energy conservation and solar applications including options and considerations for pre-design, design, and post-design phases. The information required for the solar design proee^ has not been fully developed at this time. Therefore, Section III is incomplete, but an overview of the considerations with some of the design proces elements is presented. Section IV illustrates ease studies that utilize solar applications in the building design.
AEROSOL PARTICLE COLLECTOR DESIGN STUDY
Lee, S; Richard Dimenna, R
2007-09-27
A computational evaluation of a particle collector design was performed to evaluate the behavior of aerosol particles in a fast flowing gas stream. The objective of the work was to improve the collection efficiency of the device while maintaining a minimum specified air throughput, nominal collector size, and minimal power requirements. The impact of a range of parameters was considered subject to constraints on gas flow rate, overall collector dimensions, and power limitations. Potential improvements were identified, some of which have already been implemented. Other more complex changes were identified and are described here for further consideration. In addition, fruitful areas for further study are proposed.
FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS OF GRB 110625A
Tam, P. H. T.; Kong, A. K. H. [Institute of Astronomy and Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Fan Yizhong, E-mail: phtam@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)
2012-08-01
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) that emit photons at GeV energies form a small but significant population of GRBs. However, the number of GRBs whose GeV-emitting period is simultaneously observed in X-rays remains small. We report {gamma}-ray observations of GRB 110625A using Fermi's Large Area Telescope in the energy range 100 MeV-20 GeV. Gamma-ray emission at these energies was clearly detected using data taken between 180 s and 580 s after the burst, an epoch after the prompt emission phase. The GeV light curve differs from a simple power-law decay, and probably consists of two emission periods. Simultaneous Swift X-Ray Telescope observations did not show flaring behaviors as in the case of GRB 100728A. We discuss the possibility that the GeV emission is the synchrotron self-Compton radiation of underlying ultraviolet flares.
Faculty of Engineering Institute of Design, Robotics
Haase, Markus
Faculty of Engineering Institute of Design, Robotics and Optimisation (iDRO) #12;Contents 01 Introduction 02 Bio-Mechatronics and Robotics 03ExplorationRobotics 05Rehabilitation Introduction The three primary areas of our activity are: Bio-Mechatronic & Robotics Theoretical
Injection Molding Injection Molding Orientation and Design
Colton, Jonathan S.
2 degreestypically 0 2 degrees so the part breaks contact with mold all at once, rather than ejection pin area should be used so the parts don't break · Simplify molds reduce costsreduce costsInjection Molding Injection Molding Orientation and Design R lRules ver. 1 1ME 6222: Manufacturing
FIRE Vacuum Vessel Design and Analysis
quality vacuum - outgassing and leak rate of waste disposal #12;6 June 2001 FIRE Review: Vacuum Vessel Design 8 Vessel shell dimensions #12;6 June - Shielding water + steel with 60% packing factor - Volume of torus interior 35 m^3 - Surface Area of torus
Exploring IBA Design Space for Improved Performance
Kim, Eun Jung "EJ"
to mitigate the interface problem, it is clearly not the solution. Similarly, the prevailing communication design alternatives. In this paper, we investigate four corelated techniques for providing high--InfiniBand architecture, multicasting, multipathing, NIC/HCA, packet dropping, quality of service, system area network. Ç
Variable area light reflecting assembly
Howard, T.C.
1986-12-23
Device is described for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles. 9 figs.
Variable area light reflecting assembly
Howard, Thomas C. (Raleigh, NC)
1986-01-01
Device for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles.
Strategic Rate Design: The Role of Industrial Tariffs
Rosenblum, J. I.; House, R.
1992-01-01
earned," one can say that "demnnd reduced is capacity acquired." In some cases, the strategic objective may be something other than reduction in penk demand, such as promoting the economic development of a depressed region. In these cases some... are compounded by the influence of other factors that can change customer behavior irrespective of any changes in price, such as unusual weather, customer growth, or changes in area economic conditions. Probably the best way to measure the effects...
Bechtel Nevada
1998-08-31
This corrective action plan provides the closure implementation methods for the Area 3 Landfill Complex, Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 424, located at the Tonopah Test Range. The Area 3 Landfill Complex consists of 8 landfill sites, each designated as a separate corrective action site.
Innovation investment area: Technology summary
Not Available
1994-03-01
The mission of Environmental Management`s (EM) Office of Technology Development (OTD) Innovation Investment Area is to identify and provide development support for two types of technologies that are developed to characterize, treat and dispose of DOE waste, and to remediate contaminated sites. They are: technologies that show promise to address specific EM needs, but require proof-of-principle experimentation; and (2) already proven technologies in other fields that require critical path experimentation to demonstrate feasibility for adaptation to specific EM needs. The underlying strategy is to ensure that private industry, other Federal Agencies, universities, and DOE National Laboratories are major participants in developing and deploying new and emerging technologies. To this end, about 125 different new and emerging technologies are being developed through Innovation Investment Area`s (IIA) two program elements: RDDT&E New Initiatives (RD01) and Interagency Agreements (RD02). Both of these activities are intended to foster research and development partnerships so as to introduce innovative technologies into other OTD program elements for expedited evaluation.
Annular wave packets at Dirac points and probability oscillation in graphene
Ji Luo; Junqiang Lu; Daniel Valencia
2011-08-12
Wave packets in graphene whose central wave vector is at Dirac points are investigated by numerical calculations. Starting from an initial Gaussian function, these wave packets form into annular peaks that propagate to all directions like ripple-rings on water surface. At the beginning, electronic probability alternates between the central peak and the ripple-rings and transient oscillation occurs at the center. As time increases, the ripple-rings propagate at the fixed Fermi speed, and their widths remain unchanged. The axial symmetry of the energy dispersion leads to the circular symmetry of the wave packets. The fixed speed and widths, however, are attributed to the linearity of the energy dispersion. Interference between states that respectively belong to two branches of the energy dispersion leads to multiple ripple-rings and the probability-density oscillation. In a magnetic field, annular wave packets become confined and no longer propagate to infinity. If the initial Gaussian width differs greatly from the magnetic length, expanding and shrinking ripple-rings form and disappear alternatively in a limited spread, and the wave packet resumes the Gaussian form frequently. The probability thus oscillates persistently between the central peak and the ripple-rings. If the initial Gaussian width is close to the magnetic length, the wave packet retains the Gaussian form and its height and width oscillate with a period determined by the first Landau energy. The wave-packet evolution is determined jointly by the initial state and the magnetic field, through the electronic structure of graphene in a magnetic field.
The Unreasonable Success of Quantum Probability II: Quantum Measurements as Universal Measurements
Diederik Aerts; Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi
2014-09-10
In the first part of this two-part article, we have introduced and analyzed a multidimensional model, called the 'general tension-reduction' (GTR) model, able to describe general quantum-like measurements with an arbitrary number of outcomes, and we have used it as a general theoretical framework to study the most general possible condition of lack of knowledge in a measurement, so defining what we have called a 'universal measurement'. In this second part, we present the formal proof that universal measurements, which are averages over all possible forms of fluctuations, produce the same probabilities as measurements characterized by 'uniform' fluctuations on the measurement situation. Since quantum probabilities can be shown to arise from the presence of such uniform fluctuations, we have proven that they can be interpreted as the probabilities of a first-order non-classical theory, describing situations in which the experimenter lacks complete knowledge about the nature of the interaction between the measuring apparatus and the entity under investigation. This same explanation can be applied -- mutatis mutandis -- to the case of cognitive measurements, made by human subjects on conceptual entities, or in decision processes, although it is not necessarily the case that the structure of the set of states would be in this case strictly Hilbertian. We also show that universal measurements correspond to maximally 'robust' descriptions of indeterministic reproducible experiments, and since quantum measurements can also be shown to be maximally robust, this adds plausibility to their interpretation as universal measurements, and provides a further element of explanation for the great success of the quantum statistics in the description of a large class of phenomena.
Estimating Temperature Distributions In Geothermal Areas Using...
Areas Using A Neuronet Approach Abstract A method is proposed for predicting the distribution of temperatures in geothermal areas using the neuronet approach and, in particular,...
Outdoor Area Lighting | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
for outdoor areas. Outdoor Area Lighting (June 2008) More Documents & Publications Philadelphia International Airport Apron Lighting: LED System Performance in a Trial...
On the design of lithographic interferometers and their application
Walsh, Michael E. (Michael Edward), 1975-
2004-01-01
Interference lithography is presented as an ideal technique for fabricating large-area periodic structures with sub-100nm dimensions. A variety of interferometer designs are discussed and implemented, each of which emphasizes ...
REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS Designing Solutions for Poverty Competition (Spring 2015)
Bao, Lichun
REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS Designing Solutions for Poverty Competition (Spring to a real world, poverty-related problem in areas such as financial inclusion, energy with research and knowledge of poverty- alleviation, development, and the social sciences
High Performance Interconnect System Design for Future Chip Multiprocessors
Wang, Lei
2013-05-02
constraints of power and area, and provide ultra low latencies and high throughput. In this research, we explore different techniques to design high performance NOC. First, existing NOCs mostly use Dimension Order Routing (DOR) to determine the route taken...
Topology-Guided Design and Syntheses of Highly Stable Mesoporous...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Topology-Guided Design and Syntheses of Highly Stable Mesoporous Porphyrinic Zirconium Metal-Organic Frameworks with High Surface Area Previous Next List Tian-Fu Liu, Dawei Feng,...
Applications of Computer Modelling to Fire Safety Design
Torero, Jose L; Steinhaus, Thomas
Tools in support of fire safety engineering design have proliferated in the last few years due to the increased performance of computers. These tools are currently being used in a generalized manner in areas such as egress, ...
Design and optimization of a defect tolerant processor array
Lakkapragada, Bhavani S
1995-01-01
In this thesis we design and optimization of a defect tolerant MIMD processor array, for maximum performance per wafer area, targeted at applications that have a large number of operations per memory word, is described. The optimization includes...
Hicks, D.S.
1996-03-01
This report presents the findings of the Waste Area Grouping (WAG) 2, Phase 1 Remedial Investigation (RI) Seep Task efforts during 1993 and 1994 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The results presented here follow results form the first year of sampling, 1992, which are contained in the Phase 1 RI report for WAG 2 (DOE 1995a). The WAG 2 Seep Task efforts focused on contaminants in seeps, tributaries, and main streams within the White Oak Creek (WOC) watershed. This report is designed primarily as a reference for contaminants and a resource for guiding remedial decisions. Additional in-depth assessments of the Seep Task data may provide clearer understandings of contaminant transport from the different source areas in the WOC watershed. WAG 2 consists of WOC and its tributaries downstream of the ORNL main plant area, White Oak Lake, the White Oak Creek Embayment of the Clinch River, and the associated flood plains and subsurface environment. The WOC watershed encompasses ORNL and associated WAGs. WAG 2 acts as an integrator for contaminant releases from the contaminated sites at ORNL and as the conduit transporting contaminants to the Clinch River. The main objectives of the Seep Task were to identify and characterize seeps, tributaries and source areas that are responsible for the contaminant releases to the main streams in WAG 2 and to quantify their input to the total contaminant release from the watershed at White Oak Dam (WOD). Efforts focused on {sup 90}Sr, {sup 3}H, and {sup 137}Cs because these contaminants pose the greatest potential human health risk from water ingestion at WOD. Bimonthly sampling was conducted throughout the WOC watershed beginning in March 1993 and ending in August 1994. Samples were also collected for metals, anions, alkalinity, organics, and other radionuclides.
DOE handbook: Design considerations
1999-04-01
The Design Considerations Handbook includes information and suggestions for the design of systems typical to nuclear facilities, information specific to various types of special facilities, and information useful to various design disciplines. The handbook is presented in two parts. Part 1, which addresses design considerations, includes two sections. The first addresses the design of systems typically used in nuclear facilities to control radiation or radioactive materials. Specifically, this part addresses the design of confinement systems and radiation protection and effluent monitoring systems. The second section of Part 1 addresses the design of special facilities (i.e., specific types of nonreactor nuclear facilities). The specific design considerations provided in this section were developed from review of DOE 6430.1A and are supplemented with specific suggestions and considerations from designers with experience designing and operating such facilities. Part 2 of the Design Considerations Handbook describes good practices and design principles that should be considered in specific design disciplines, such as mechanical systems and electrical systems. These good practices are based on specific experiences in the design of nuclear facilities by design engineers with related experience. This part of the Design Considerations Handbook contains five sections, each of which applies to a particular engineering discipline.
Radiation detection method and system using the sequential probability ratio test
Nelson, Karl E. (Livermore, CA); Valentine, John D. (Redwood City, CA); Beauchamp, Brock R. (San Ramon, CA)
2007-07-17
A method and system using the Sequential Probability Ratio Test to enhance the detection of an elevated level of radiation, by determining whether a set of observations are consistent with a specified model within a given bounds of statistical significance. In particular, the SPRT is used in the present invention to maximize the range of detection, by providing processing mechanisms for estimating the dynamic background radiation, adjusting the models to reflect the amount of background knowledge at the current point in time, analyzing the current sample using the models to determine statistical significance, and determining when the sample has returned to the expected background conditions.
Xing M. Wang
2009-01-30
In this article, we continue to investigate the application of Probability Bracket Notation (PBN). We show that, under Special Wick Rotation (caused by imaginary-time rotation), the Schrodinger equation of a conservative system and its path integral in Dirac rotation are simultaneously shifted to the master equation and its Euclidean path integral of an induced micro diffusion in PBN. Moreover, by extending to General Wick Rotation and using the anti-Hermitian wave-number operator, we execute the path integral in Dirac notation side-by-side with the Euclidean path integral in PBN, and derive the Euclidean Lagrangian of induced diffusions and Smoluchowski equation.
Ulrike Herzog
2009-02-28
We study an optimized measurement that discriminates two mixed quantum states with maximum confidence for each conclusive result, thereby keeping the overall probability of inconclusive results as small as possible. When the rank of the detection operators associated with the two different conclusive outcomes does not exceed unity we obtain a general solution. As an application, we consider the discrimination of two mixed qubit states. Moreover, for the case of higher-rank detection operators we give a solution for particular states. The relation of the optimized measurement to other discrimination schemes is also discussed.
Probability Density of the Multipole Vectors for a Gaussian Cosmic Microwave Background
Mark R. Dennis; Kate Land
2007-08-09
We review Maxwell's multipole vectors, and elucidate some of their mathematical properties, with emphasis on the application of this tool to the cosmic microwave background (CMB). In particular, for a completely random function on the sphere (corresponding to the statistically isotropic Gaussian model of the CMB), we derive the full probability density function of the multipole vectors. This function is used to analyze the internal configurations of the third-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe quadrupole and octopole, and we show the observations are consistent with the Gaussian prediction. A particular aspect is the planarity of the octopole, which we find not to be anomalous.
Pokta, Suriani
2004-11-15
AND DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . 12 IV ANALYTICAL APPROXIMATION TO THE POSTERIOR PROBABILITIES USING LAPLACE?S METHOD . . . . . . . 15 4.1 The Information Matrix of theta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.2 The Information Matrix of eta...))), i = j rhosigma2Z 1-rho2 -exp(2(beta0 + beta1 min(i,j))), |i -j| = 1 rho|i-j|sigma2Z 1-rho2 , |i -j| > 1. (3.2) Let eta denote the covariance parameters for the model, either (beta0,beta1) if h = 0 or (sigma2I,rho,beta0,beta1) if h = 1. Let Omegah...
Probability representation of quantum evolution and energy level equations for optical tomograms
Ya. A. Korennoy; V. I. Man'ko
2011-01-13
The von Neumann evolution equation for density matrix and the Moyal equation for the Wigner function are mapped onto evolution equation for optical tomogram of quantum state. The connection with known evolution equation for symplectic tomogram of the quantum state is clarified. The stationary states corresponding to quantum energy levels are associated with the probability representation of the von Neumann and Moyal equations written for the optical tomograms. Classical Liouville equation for optical tomogram is obtained. Example of parametric oscillator is considered in detail.
1995-08-01
Progress for the quarter is reported in the areas of system definition and analysis and design and test of critical components.
Glowinski, Roland
Nanotechnology Nanotechnology comprises measurement, design, modeling and fabrication of materials are able to customize their education by specializing in areas such as nanotechnology, computational
Forrest, Stephanie
Circuits]: Design aids--simulation; C.4 [Performance of Systems]: Modeling techiniques General Terms Design Distribution George B. P. Bezerra Dept. of Computer Science University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 87131 gbezerra@cs.unm.edu Stephanie Forrest Dept. of Computer Science University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM
Kalinich, Donald A.; Helton, Jon Craig; Sallaberry, Cedric M.; Mattie, Patrick D.
2010-12-01
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) participated in a Pilot Study to examine the process and requirements to create a software system to assess the extremely low probability of pipe rupture (xLPR) in nuclear power plants. This project was tasked to develop a prototype xLPR model leveraging existing fracture mechanics models and codes coupled with a commercial software framework to determine the framework, model, and architecture requirements appropriate for building a modular-based code. The xLPR pilot study was conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed developmental process and framework for a probabilistic code to address degradation mechanisms in piping system safety assessments. The pilot study includes a demonstration problem to assess the probability of rupture of DM pressurizer surge nozzle welds degraded by primary water stress-corrosion cracking (PWSCC). The pilot study was designed to define and develop the framework and model; then construct a prototype software system based on the proposed model. The second phase of the project will be a longer term program and code development effort focusing on the generic, primary piping integrity issues (xLPR code). The results and recommendations presented in this report will be used to help the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) define the requirements for the longer term program.
Design and construction of a compact multi-chamber tissue equivalent proportional counter
Taplin, Temeka
2006-04-12
This project was designed to determine the feasibility of constructing a multichamber proportional counter. A multi-chamber detector is designed to increase the total surface area which will increase the number of radiation interactions that occur...
Bertels, Koen
Flexible Pipelining Design for Recursive Variable Expansion Zubair Nawaz, Thomas Marconi, Koen area by doing loops parallelization with extensive use of pipelining. This paper presents an automated flexible pipeline design algorithm for our unique acceleration technique called Recursive Variable
Business Plan - RM MedComm's Opportunity for Business in Healthcare Design Services
Mason, Raymond
2005-12-16
Construction in the healthcare industry in Houston is growing due to steady population increases and technology changes. Houston area engineering and architectural firms generally hire subcontractors to design medical communication designs...
Design and Implementation of a Compact Receiver Module for an Ice Penetrating Radar Depth Sounder
Arnett, Austin Ryan
2012-08-31
challenging target areas. Design parameters for the receiver module were determined by considering all possible current and future operation conditions of the MCoRDS/I system. The receiver module was designed, simulated, implemented, and tested in the field...