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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in BPA Control Area: Task 2 Report  

SciTech Connect

Task report detailing low probability tail event analysis and mitigation in BPA control area. Tail event refers to the situation in a power system when unfavorable forecast errors of load and wind are superposed onto fast load and wind ramps, or non-wind generators falling short of scheduled output, causing the imbalance between generation and load to become very significant.

Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Brothers, Alan J.; Jin, Shuangshuang

2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

2

Cluster Analysis of Cloud Properties over the Southern European Mediterranean Area in Observations and a Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates how satellite observations of the cloudiness over a complex area such as the European Mediterranean area can be classified into distinct cloud regimes by application of a K-means clustering algorithm to pixel-level cloud ...

Frédérique Chéruy; Filipe Aires

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

CHEMICAL SPILL KIT LOCATION/CONTENTS 1. Chemical spill kits are located in areas with the highest probability of a chemical spill. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHEMICAL SPILL KIT LOCATION/CONTENTS 1. Chemical spill kits are located in areas with the highest probability of a chemical spill. The locations are: 1. Chemistry Department E810 2. Chemistry Department E715 4th Level Loading Area 6. Parkway Service Complex Shipping and Receiving Loading Area 7. Chemical

Seldin, Jonathan P.

4

Mapping the formation areas of giant molybdenum blue clusters: a spectroscopic study  

SciTech Connect

The self-assembly of soluble molybdenum blue species from simple molybdate solutions has primarily been associated with giant mixed-valent wheel-shaped cluster anions, derived from the {MoV/VI154/176} archetypes, and a {MoV/VI368} lemon-shaped cluster. The combined use of Raman spectroscopy and kinetic precipitation as self-assembly monitoring techniques and single-crystal X-ray diffraction is key to mapping the realm of molybdenum blue species by establishing spherical {MoV/VI102}-type Keplerates as an important giant molybdenum blue-type species. We additionally rationalize the empirical effect of reducing agent concentration on the formation of all three relevant skeletal types: wheel, lemon and spheres. Whereas both wheels and the lemon-shaped {MoV/VI368} cluster are obtained from weakly reduced molybdenum blue solutions, considerably higher reduced solutions lead to {MoV/VI102}-type Keplerates.

Botar, Bogdan; Ellern, Arkady; Kogerler, Paul

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

5

Confidence Probability versus Detection Probability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a discovery sampling activity the auditor seeks to vet an inventory by measuring (or inspecting) a random sample of items from the inventory. When the auditor finds every sample item in compliance, he must then make a confidence statement about the whole inventory. For example, the auditor might say: ''We believe that this inventory of 100 items contains no more than 5 defectives with 95% confidence.'' Note this is a retrospective statement in that it asserts something about the inventory after the sample was selected and measured. Contrast this to the prospective statement: ''We will detect the existence of more than 5 defective items in this inventory with 95% probability.'' The former uses confidence probability while the latter uses detection probability. For a given sample size, the two probabilities need not be equal, indeed they could differ significantly. Both these probabilities critically depend on the auditor's prior belief about the number of defectives in the inventory and how he defines non-compliance. In other words, the answer strongly depends on how the question is framed.

Axelrod, M

2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

6

A cluster-based key agreement scheme using keyed hashing for Body Area Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, Body Area Networks (BANs) have gained immense popularity in the domain of healthcare as well as monitoring of soldiers in the battlefield. Security of a BAN is inevitable as we secure the lives of soldiers and patients. In this paper, ... Keywords: Body Area Network, Electrocardiogram, H-sensors, Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC), L-sensors, Physiological values

Aftab Ali, Sarah Irum, Firdous Kausar, Farrukh Aslam Khan

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

AREA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AREA AREA FAQ # Question Response 316 vs DCAA FAQ 1 An inquiry from CH about an SBIR recipient asking if a DCAA audit is sufficient to comply with the regulation or if they need to add this to their audit they have performed yearly by a public accounting firm. 316 audits are essentially A-133 audits for for-profit entities. They DO NOT replace DCAA or other audits requested by DOE to look at indirect rates or incurred costs or closeouts. DCAA would never agree to perform A-133 or our 316 audits. They don't do A-133 audits for DOD awardees. The purpose of the audits are different, look at different things and in the few instances of overlap, from different perspectives. 316

8

Propensities and conditional probabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper deals with the objection that Paul Humphreys raised against the propensity interpretation of probability - ''Humphreys' paradox''. An update on existing solutions is offered, and it is concluded that none of them is completely satisfactory ... Keywords: Conditionalization, Humphreys' paradox, Propensity

Isabelle Drouet

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Waste Package Misload Probability  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this calculation is to calculate the probability of occurrence for fuel assembly (FA) misloads (i.e., Fa placed in the wrong location) and FA damage during FA movements. The scope of this calculation is provided by the information obtained from the Framatome ANP 2001a report. The first step in this calculation is to categorize each fuel-handling events that occurred at nuclear power plants. The different categories are based on FAs being damaged or misloaded. The next step is to determine the total number of FAs involved in the event. Using the information, a probability of occurrence will be calculated for FA misload and FA damage events. This calculation is an expansion of preliminary work performed by Framatome ANP 2001a.

J.K. Knudsen

2001-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

10

Improving Ranking Using Quantum Probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper shows that ranking information units by quantum probability differs from ranking them by classical probability provided the same data used for parameter estimation. As probability of detection (also known as recall or power) and probability of false alarm (also known as fallout or size) measure the quality of ranking, we point out and show that ranking by quantum probability yields higher probability of detection than ranking by classical probability provided a given probability of false alarm and the same parameter estimation data. As quantum probability provided more effective detectors than classical probability within other domains that data management, we conjecture that, the system that can implement subspace-based detectors shall be more effective than a system which implements a set-based detectors, the effectiveness being calculated as expected recall estimated over the probability of detection and expected fallout estimated over the probability of false alarm.

Melucci, Massimo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Thunderstorm Strike Probability Nowcasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To assist in thunderstorm warning, automated nowcasting systems have been developed that detect thunderstorm cells in radar images and propagate them forward in time to generate forecasted threat areas. Current methods, however, fail to quantify ...

Sandy Dance; Elizabeth Ebert; David Scurrah

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Cluster Statistics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Statistics Cluster Statistics Genepool Cluster Utilization Genepool Usage by Group Process Accounting Data (houseHunter) Genepool Memory Heatmaps Genepool Time Heatmaps UGE...

13

Financial risk measurement with imprecise probabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although financial risk measurement is a largely investigated research area, its relationship with imprecise probabilities has been mostly overlooked. However, risk measures can be viewed as instances of upper (or lower) previsions, thus letting us apply ... Keywords: Coherent and convex risk measures, Dilation, Envelope theorems, Imprecise previsions, Natural extension, Risk measures, Shortfall, Value-at-Risk (VaR)

Paolo Vicig

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

A NEW LOOK AT THE OLD STAR CLUSTER NGC 6791  

SciTech Connect

We present comprehensive cluster membership and g'r' photometry of the prototypical old, metal-rich Galactic star cluster NGC 6791. The proper-motion catalog contains 58,901 objects down to g'{approx} 24, limited to a circular area of radius 30'. The highest precision of the proper motions is 0.08 mas yr{sup -1}. Our proper motions confirm cluster membership of all main and also some rare constituents of NGC 6791. The total number of probable cluster members down to g' = 22 (M{sub V} {approx} +8) is {approx}4800, corresponding to M{sub tot} {approx} 5000 M{sub sun}. New findings include an extended horizontal branch in this cluster. The angular radius of NGC 6791 is at least 15' (the effective radius is R{sub h} {approx_equal} 4.'4 while the tidal radius is r{sub t} {approx_equal} 23'). The luminosity function of the cluster peaks at M{sub g}{sup '}{approx}+4.5 and then steadily declines toward fainter magnitudes. Our data provide evidence that differential reddening may not be ignored in NGC 6791.

Platais, I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Cudworth, K. M. [Yerkes Observatory, University of Chicago, Williams Bay, WI 53191 (United States); Kozhurina-Platais, V. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); McLaughlin, D. E. [Astrophysics Group, Lennard-Jones Laboratories, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG (United Kingdom); Meibom, S. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Veillet, C., E-mail: imants@pha.jhu.edu [Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Corporation, Kamuela, HI 96743 (United States)

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

15

clustering free  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST. clustering free. (definition). Definition: When a collision resolution scheme spreads out entries in a hash table. ...

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

16

FCCU transition-probability model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The adequacy of the use of transition-probability matrices for modelling fluidised catalyst cracker unit emissions was investigated. A number of different-sized matrices that modelled the processes of attrition and agglomeration were used, and it was ... Keywords: Agglomeration, Attrition, Probability matrix

Robbie J. Dixon; Maki Matsuka; Roger D. Braddock; Josh M. Whitcombe; Igor E. Agranovski

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Simultaneous clustering: a survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although most of the clustering literature focuses on onesided clustering algorithms, simultaneous clustering has recently gained attention as a powerful tool that allows to circumvent some limitations of classical clustering approach. Simultaneous clustering ... Keywords: biclusters, block clustering, simultaneous clustering

Malika Charrad; Mohamed Ben Ahmed

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Probable Inference and Quantum Mechanics  

SciTech Connect

In its current very successful interpretation the quantum theory is fundamentally statistical in nature. Although commonly viewed as a probability amplitude whose (complex) square is a probability, the wavefunction or state vector continues to defy consensus as to its exact meaning, primarily because it is not a physical observable. Rather than approach this problem directly, it is suggested that it is first necessary to clarify the precise role of probability theory in quantum mechanics, either as applied to, or as an intrinsic part of the quantum theory. When all is said and done the unsurprising conclusion is that quantum mechanics does not constitute a logic and probability unto itself, but adheres to the long-established rules of classical probability theory while providing a means within itself for calculating the relevant probabilities. In addition, the wavefunction is seen to be a description of the quantum state assigned by an observer based on definite information, such that the same state must be assigned by any other observer based on the same information, in much the same way that probabilities are assigned.

Grandy, W. T. Jr. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82070 (United States)

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

19

Probability Ranking in Vector Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Probability Ranking Principle states that the document set with the highest values of probability of relevance optimizes information retrieval effectiveness given the probabilities are estimated as accurately as possible. The key point of the principle is the separation of the document set into two subsets with a given level of fallout and with the highest recall. The paper introduces the separation between two vector subspaces and shows that the separation yields a more effective performance than the optimal separation into subsets with the same available evidence, the performance being measured with recall and fallout. The result is proved mathematically and exemplified experimentally.

Melucci, Massimo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Joint probabilities and quantum cognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss the existence of joint probability distributions for quantum-like response computations in the brain. We do so by focusing on a contextual neural-oscillator model shown to reproduce the main features of behavioral stimulus-response theory. We then exhibit a simple example of contextual random variables not having a joint probability distribution, and describe how such variables can be obtained from neural oscillators, but not from a quantum observable algebra.

J. Acacio de Barros

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Joint probabilities and quantum cognition  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we discuss the existence of joint probability distributions for quantumlike response computations in the brain. We do so by focusing on a contextual neural-oscillator model shown to reproduce the main features of behavioral stimulus-response theory. We then exhibit a simple example of contextual random variables not having a joint probability distribution, and describe how such variables can be obtained from neural oscillators, but not from a quantum observable algebra.

Acacio de Barros, J. [Liberal Studies, 1600 Holloway Ave., San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States)

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

22

Clustering in massive data sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review the time and storage costs of search and clustering algorithms. We exemplify these, based on case-studies in astronomy, information retrieval, visual user interfaces, chemical databases, and other areas. Theoretical results developed as far ... Keywords: clustering, massive data sets

Fionn Murtagh

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Pheromones, probabilities, and multiple futures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most agent-based modeling techniques generate only a single trajectory in each run, greatly undersampling the space of possible trajectories. Swarming agents can explore many alternative futures in parallel, particularly when they interact through digital ... Keywords: Markov decision process, Monte Carlo tree search, agent-based modeling, polyagent, probability distributions, swarming

H. Van Dyke Parunak

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Bay Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bay Area Bay Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Bay Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Bay Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Bay Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Bay Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Bay Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Bay Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Bay Area Products and Services in the Bay Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

25

Texas Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Texas Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Texas Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Texas Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Texas Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Texas Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Texas Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Texas Area Products and Services in the Texas Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

26

Rockies Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rockies Area Rockies Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Rockies Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Rockies Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Rockies Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Rockies Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Rockies Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Rockies Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Rockies Area Products and Services in the Rockies Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

27

Probability Densities in Strong Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to modern developments in turbulence theory, the "dissipation" scales (u.v. cut-offs) $\\eta$ form a random field related to velocity increments $\\delta_{\\eta}u$. In this work we, using Mellin's transform combined with the Gaussain large -scale boundary condition, calculate probability densities (PDFs) of velocity increments $P(\\delta_{r}u,r)$ and the PDF of the dissipation scales $Q(\\eta, Re)$, where $Re$ is the large-scale Reynolds number. The resulting expressions strongly deviate from the Log-normal PDF $P_{L}(\\delta_{r}u,r)$ often quoted in the literature. It is shown that the probability density of the small-scale velocity fluctuations includes information about the large (integral) scale dynamics which is responsible for deviation of $P(\\delta_{r}u,r)$ from $P_{L}(\\delta_{r}u,r)$. A framework for evaluation of the PDFs of various turbulence characteristics involving spatial derivatives is developed. The exact relation, free of spurious Logarithms recently discussed in Frisch et al (J. Fluid Mech. {\\bf 542}, 97 (2005)), for the multifractal probability density of velocity increments, not based on the steepest descent evaluation of the integrals is obtained and the calculated function $D(h)$ is close to experimental data. A novel derivation (Polyakov, 2005), of a well-known result of the multi-fractal theory [Frisch, "Turbulence. {\\it Legacy of A.N.Kolmogorov}", Cambridge University Press, 1995)), based on the concepts described in this paper, is also presented.

Victor Yakhot

2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

28

CLUSTER CHEMISTRY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 11 Wiley Huetterties and C. M.Submitted to the Journal of Organometallic ChemistryCLUSTER CHEMISTRY Earl L. Muetterties TWO-WEEK LOAN COPY May

Muetterties, Earl L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Cluster generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described herein is an apparatus and a method for producing atom clusters based on a gas discharge within a hollow cathode. The hollow cathode includes one or more walls. The one or more walls define a sputtering chamber within the hollow cathode and include a material to be sputtered. A hollow anode is positioned at an end of the sputtering chamber, and atom clusters are formed when a gas discharge is generated between the hollow anode and the hollow cathode.

Donchev, Todor I. (Urbana, IL); Petrov, Ivan G. (Champaign, IL)

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

30

MSPI False Indication Probability Simulations  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines false indication probabilities in the context of the Mitigating System Performance Index (MSPI), in order to investigate the pros and cons of different approaches to resolving two coupled issues: (1) sensitivity to the prior distribution used in calculating the Bayesian-corrected unreliability contribution to the MSPI, and (2) whether (in a particular plant configuration) to model the fuel oil transfer pump (FOTP) as a separate component, or integrally to its emergency diesel generator (EDG). False indication probabilities were calculated for the following situations: (1) all component reliability parameters at their baseline values, so that the true indication is green, meaning that an indication of white or above would be false positive; (2) one or more components degraded to the extent that the true indication would be (mid) white, and “false” would be green (negative) or yellow (negative) or red (negative). In key respects, this was the approach taken in NUREG-1753. The prior distributions examined were the constrained noninformative (CNI) prior used currently by the MSPI, a mixture of conjugate priors, the Jeffreys noninformative prior, a nonconjugate log(istic)-normal prior, and the minimally informative prior investigated in (Kelly et al., 2010). The mid-white performance state was set at ?CDF = ?10 ? 10-6/yr. For each simulated time history, a check is made of whether the calculated ?CDF is above or below 10-6/yr. If the parameters were at their baseline values, and ?CDF > 10-6/yr, this is counted as a false positive. Conversely, if one or all of the parameters are set to values corresponding to ?CDF > 10-6/yr but that time history’s ?CDF < 10-6/yr, this is counted as a false negative indication. The false indication (positive or negative) probability is then estimated as the number of false positive or negative counts divided by the number of time histories (100,000). Results are presented for a set of base case parameter values, and three sensitivity cases in which the number of FOTP demands was reduced, along with the Birnbaum importance of the FOTP.

Dana Kelly; Kurt Vedros; Robert Youngblood

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

MSPI False Indication Probability Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines false indication probabilities in the context of the Mitigating System Performance Index (MSPI), in order to investigate the pros and cons of different approaches to resolving two coupled issues: (1) sensitivity to the prior distribution used in calculating the Bayesian-corrected unreliability contribution to the MSPI, and (2) whether (in a particular plant configuration) to model the fuel oil transfer pump (FOTP) as a separate component, or integrally to its emergency diesel generator (EDG). False indication probabilities were calculated for the following situations: (1) all component reliability parameters at their baseline values, so that the true indication is green, meaning that an indication of white or above would be false positive; (2) one or more components degraded to the extent that the true indication would be (mid) white, and “false” would be green (negative) or yellow (negative) or red (negative). In key respects, this was the approach taken in NUREG-1753. The prior distributions examined were the constrained noninformative (CNI) prior used currently by the MSPI, a mixture of conjugate priors, the Jeffreys noninformative prior, a nonconjugate log(istic)-normal prior, and the minimally informative prior investigated in (Kelly et al., 2010). The mid-white performance state was set at ?CDF = ?10 ? 10-6/yr. For each simulated time history, a check is made of whether the calculated ?CDF is above or below 10-6/yr. If the parameters were at their baseline values, and ?CDF > 10-6/yr, this is counted as a false positive. Conversely, if one or all of the parameters are set to values corresponding to ?CDF > 10-6/yr but that time history’s ?CDF histories (100,000). Results are presented for a set of base case parameter values, and three sensitivity cases in which the number of FOTP demands was reduced, along with the Birnbaum importance of the FOTP.

Dana Kelly; Kurt Vedros; Robert Youngblood

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Multi-robot repeated area coverage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of repeated coverage of a target area, of any polygonal shape, by a team of robots having a limited visual range. Three distributed Cluster-based algorithms, and a method called Cyclic Coverage are introduced ... Keywords: Area Coverage, Chained Lin---Kernighan Algorithm, Constrained Delaunay Triangulation, Coordination, Cyclic Coverage, Double-Minimum Spanning Tree, Edge-based Clustering Coverage, Multi-robot systems, Node-based Clustering Coverage, Teamwork, Uninformed Clustering Coverage, Visibility Graph

Pooyan Fazli; Alireza Davoodi; Alan K. Mackworth

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Probable Maximum Precipitation Study for Wisconsin and Michigan: Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study provides maps and supporting information on the probable maximum precipitation (PMP) for Wisconsin and Michigan. The refinement of PMP for the study area has typically lowered the PMP from the generalized values in Hydrometeorological Report (HMR) 51. The study followed HMR 51 procedures with some minor changes that apply to other regions.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

A Model to Predict the Probability of Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model to predict the probability of a specific amount of accumulated precipitation at a point in an area of extended convective precipitation has been developed. The model has been used in conjunction with a large-scale numerical forecast model ...

Ulla Hammarstrand

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Free probability and combinatorics Preliminary version  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free probability and combinatorics Preliminary version Michael Anshelevich c 2012 December 4, 2012 #12;Preface These notes were used in a topics course Free probability and combinatorics taught topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3 Free

Anshelevich, Michael

36

Empirical probabilities in monadic deductive databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of supporting empirical probabilities in monadic logic databases. Though the semantics of multivalued logic programs has been studied extensively, the treatment of probabilities as results of statistical findings has not been studied ...

Raymond T. Ng; V. S. Subrahmanian

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Data clustering: a review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clustering is the unsupervised classification of patterns (observations, data items, or feature vectors) into groups (clusters). The clustering problem has been addressed in many contexts and by researchers in many disciplines; this reflects its broad ... Keywords: cluster analysis, clustering applications, exploratory data analysis, incremental clustering, similarity indices, unsupervised learning

A. K. Jain; M. N. Murty; P. J. Flynn

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Quantum Theory Event-Probability Interpretation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article the propagation of pointlike event probabilities in space is considered. New interpretation of Quantum Theory is formulated.

Quznetsov, Gunn [Chelyabinsk State University, Chelyabinsk, Ural (Russian Federation)

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

39

Geographic Resource Map of Frozen Pipe Probabilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation slide details a resource map showing the probability of frozen pipes in the geographic United States.

40

Wavelengths, Transition Probabilities, and Energy Levels for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Wavelengths, Transition Probabilities, and Energy Levels for the Spectra of Sodium „Na I–Na XI… JE Sansonettia ...

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Calibrating subjective probabilities using hierarchical bayesian models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A body of psychological research has examined the correspondence between a judge's subjective probability of an event's outcome and the event's actual outcome. The research generally shows that subjective probabilities are noisy and do not ... Keywords: Bayesian methods, calibration, confidence, expert judgment, subjective probability

Edgar C. Merkle

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

The Use of Conditional Probability Functions and Potential Source Contribution Functions to Identify Source Regions and Advection Pathways of Hydrocarbon Emissions in Houston, Texas  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we demonstrate the utility of conditional probability functions (CPFs), potential source contribution functions (PSCFs), and hierarchical clustering analysis to identify the source region and transport pathways of hydrocarbons measured at five photochemical assessment monitoring stations (PAMS) near the Houston ship channel from June to October 2003. Over 50 volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations were measured on the hourly collected samples. Routine surface observations of wind directions measured at each of the receptor sites were used extensively. We show that VOCs with similar CPF patterns likely have common transport pathways. This was established with the multivariate technique, which uses the hierarchical clustering analysis to allow clusters of groups of VOCs to form with similar CPF patterns. This method revealed that alkenes, and in particular those with geometric isomers such as cis-/trans-2-butene and cis-/trans-2-pentene, have similar CPF patterns. The alkane isomers often show CPF patterns among themselves, and similarly, aromatic compounds often show similar patterns among themselves too. We also show how trajectory information can be used in conjunction with the PSCF analysis to produce a graphic analysis suggesting specific source areas for a given VOC. The use of these techniques in the chemically and meteorologically complex environment of Houston, Texas, suggests its further utility in other areas with relatively simpler conditions.

Xie, YuLong; Berkowitz, Carl M.

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Average transmission probability of a random stack  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transmission through a stack of identical slabs that are separated by gaps with random widths is usually treated by calculating the average of the logarithm of the transmission probability. We show how to calculate the average of the transmission probability itself with the aid of a recurrence relation and derive analytical upper and lower bounds. The upper bound, when used as an approximation for the transmission probability, is unreasonably good and we conjecture that it is asymptotically exact.

Yin Lu; Christian Miniatura; Berthold-Georg Englert

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

44

Bayesian Probabilities and the Histories Algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We attempt a justification of a generalisation of the consistent histories programme using a notion of probability that is valid for all complete sets of history propositions. This consists of introducing Cox's axioms of probability theory and showing that our candidate notion of probability obeys them. We also give a generalisation of Bayes' theorem and comment upon how Bayesianism should be useful for the quantum gravity/cosmology programmes.

Thomas Marlow

2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

45

ComputerCluster ? FCW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CNMS Computer Cluster This page describes the CNMS Computational Cluster, how to access it, and how to use it. (16 August 2010) N.B. The latest block of the CNMS Computer Cluster...

46

Catching Dissolving Clusters: a New Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional studies of stellar clusters in external galaxies use surface photometry and therefore focus on systems that are still bright and compact enough to be separated from the stellar background. Consequently, the latter stages of unbound cluster evolution are still poorly understood. This dramatically constrains our knowledge of the dissolution processes of stellar clusters in various physical environments. We present the first results of a new approach to directly detect and quantify the characteristics of evolved stellar clusters. Using the exceptional spatial resolution and sensitivity of HST/ACS images to resolve the stellar content nearby galaxies, we construct colour-magnitude diagrams for the observed fields. This enable us to separate the younger population likely present in young clusters from the older stellar content of the star field background. We utilize a clustering algorithm to assign each star to a group based on its local spatial density. This novel approach makes use of algorithms typically applied in N-body and cosmological studies. We test the method and show that it successfully detects less compact clusters that would normally be lost in the star field background. We also detect B-type stars well spread in the galaxy disk of NGC 1313, probably the result of infant mortality of stellar clusters.

Anne Pellerin; Martin Meyer; Jason Harris; Daniela Calzetti

2006-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

47

Evaluation of failure probability via surrogate models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evaluation of failure probability of a given system requires sampling of the system response and can be computationally expensive. Therefore it is desirable to construct an accurate surrogate model for the system response and subsequently to sample the ... Keywords: Failure probability, Polynomial chaos, Sampling, Stochastic computation

Jing Li; Dongbin Xiu

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Information Retrieval Estimation via Fuzzy Probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

he face of a fuzzy probability estimate is investigated. Results: We have proposed a novel method to calculate fuzzy probability. This method will be applied to calculate a document's relevance (in terms of fuzzy probability) for a query. By using the calculated fuzzy probabilities, different crisp probabilities can be computed [2] with respect to different uncertainty levels (such as certain and quite certain), which provides a flexible way to evaluate the relevance of a given document. Conclusions: This study has proposed a novel method to calculate fuzzy probability. At this stage, no experimental work has yet been carried out. The experimental evaluation of this method in information retrieval will be our most important future work. possibility 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 0 probability Figure 1: A fuzzy probability estimation of a document to be "very relevant" References

Zhiheng Huang The; Zhiheng Huang; Tamás D. Gedeon

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Cluster Compatibility Mode  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cluster Compatibility Mode Cluster Compatibility Mode Edison compute nodes run a stripped down Linux operating system called Compute Node Linux (CNL). Some standard Linux services,...

50

Avoiding Negative Probabilities in Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As currently understood since its discovery, the bare Klein-Gordon theory consists of negative quantum probabilities which are considered to be physically meaningless if not outright obsolete. Despite this annoying setback, these negative probabilities are what led the great Paul Dirac in 1928 to the esoteric discovery of the Dirac Equation. The Dirac Equation led to one of the greatest advances in our understanding of the physical world. In this reading, we ask the seemingly senseless question, "Do negative probabilities exist in quantum mechanics?" In an effort to answer this question, we arrive at the conclusion that depending on the choice one makes of the quantum probability current, one will obtain negative probabilities. We thus propose a new quantum probability current of the Klein-Gordon theory. This quantum probability current leads directly to positive definite quantum probabilities. Because these negative probabilities are in the bare Klein-Gordon theory, intrinsically a result of negative energies, the fact that we here arrive at a theory with positive probabilities, means that negative energy particles are not to be considered problematic as is the case in the bare Klein-Gordon theory. From an abstract-objective stand-point; in comparison with positive energy particles, the corollary is that negative energy particles should have equal chances to exist. As to why these negative energy particles do not exist, this is analogous to asking why is it that Dirac's antimatter does not exist in equal proportions with matter. This problem of why negative energy particles do not exist in equal proportions with positive energy particles is a problem that needs to be solved by a future theory.

Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Velocity Probability Density Functions for Oceanic Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Probability density functions (PDFs) of daily velocities from subsurface floats deployed in the North Atlantic and equatorial Atlantic Oceans are examined. In general, the PDFs are approximately Gaussian for small velocities, but with significant ...

Annalisa Bracco; J. H. LaCasce; Antonello Provenzale

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Catalytic Conversion Probabilities for Bipartite Pure States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For two given bipartite-entangled pure states, an expression is obtained for the least upper bound of conversion probabilities using catalysis. The attainability of the upper bound can also be decided if that bound is less than one.

S. Turgut

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

53

Predictability of Seasonal Precipitation Using Joint Probabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper tests whether seasonal mean precipitation is predictable using a new method that estimates and analyzes joint probabilities. The new estimation method is to partition the globe into boxes, pool all data within the box to estimate a ...

M. Tugrul Yilmaz; Timothy DelSole

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A Probability Distribution Model for Rain Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic approach is suggested for modeling the probability distribution of rain rate. Rain rate, conditional on rain and averaged over a region, is modeled as a temporally homogeneous diffusion process with appropriate boundary conditions. ...

Benjamin Kedem; Harry Pavlopoulos; Xiaodong Guan; David A. Short

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Velocity Probability Density Functions from Altimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Probability density functions (pdfs) are employed to evaluate the distribution of velocities in the global ocean. This study computes pdfs of ocean surface velocity using altimetric data from the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite. Results show that the ...

Sarah T. Gille; Stefan G. Llewellyn Smith

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Neutron initiation probability in fast burst reactor  

SciTech Connect

Based on the probability balance of neutron random events in multiply system, the four random process of neutron in prompt super-critical is described and then the equation of neutron initiation probability W(r,E,{Omega},t) is deduced. On the assumption of static, slightly prompt super-critical and the two factorial approximation, the formula of the average probability of 'one' neutron is derived which is the same with the result derived from the point model. The MC simulation using point model is applied in Godiva- II and CFBR-II, and the simulation result of one neutron initiation is well consistent with the theory that the initiation probability of Godiva- II inverted commas CFBR-II burst reactor are 0.00032, 0.00027 respectively on the ordinary burst operation. (authors)

Liu, X.; Du, J.; Xie, Q.; Fan, X. [Inst. of Nuclear Physics and Chemistry, China Academy of Engineering Physics, No.64, Mianshan Road, Mianyang, Sichuan (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Probability of Precipitation: Assessment and Enhancement of End-User Understanding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of three psychological studies suggest that many people did not understand probability of precipitation (PoP) despite the fact that participants were college undergraduates in the Pacific Northwest, an area with frequent precipitation ...

Susan Joslyn; Limor Nadav-Greenberg; Rebecca M. Nichols

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Overlapping clusters for distributed computation.  

SciTech Connect

Scalable, distributed algorithms must address communication problems. We investigate overlapping clusters, or vertex partitions that intersect, for graph computations. This setup stores more of the graph than required but then affords the ease of implementation of vertex partitioned algorithms. Our hope is that this technique allows us to reduce communication in a computation on a distributed graph. The motivation above draws on recent work in communication avoiding algorithms. Mohiyuddin et al. (SC09) design a matrix-powers kernel that gives rise to an overlapping partition. Fritzsche et al. (CSC2009) develop an overlapping clustering for a Schwarz method. Both techniques extend an initial partitioning with overlap. Our procedure generates overlap directly. Indeed, Schwarz methods are commonly used to capitalize on overlap. Elsewhere, overlapping communities (Ahn et al, Nature 2009; Mishra et al. WAW2007) are now a popular model of structure in social networks. These have long been studied in statistics (Cole and Wishart, CompJ 1970). We present two types of results: (i) an estimated swapping probability {rho}{infinity}; and (ii) the communication volume of a parallel PageRank solution (link-following {alpha} = 0.85) using an additive Schwarz method. The volume ratio is the amount of extra storage for the overlap (2 means we store the graph twice). Below, as the ratio increases, the swapping probability and PageRank communication volume decreases.

Mirrokni, Vahab (Google Research, New York, NY); Andersen, Reid (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA); Gleich, David F.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

CLUSTERING BY HYPERBOLIC SMOOTHING Cluster analysis ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2007 ... The numerical experiments were car- ried out on a Pentium IV PC ..... Design of hybrids for minimum sum-of-squares clustering problem.

60

Microsoft Word - Price Probabilities Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 1 April 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Probabilities of Possible Future Prices 1 EIA introduced a monthly analysis of energy price volatility and forecast uncertainty in the October 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). Included in the analysis were charts portraying confidence intervals around the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) futures prices of West Texas Intermediate (equivalent to light sweet crude oil) and Henry Hub natural gas contracts. The March 2010 STEO added another set of charts listing the probability of the future realized price exceeding or falling below given price levels (see Figures 1A and 1B for West Texas Intermediate crude oil price probabilities). These charts are also available as spreadsheets allowing users to input their own prices to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Wafer Replacement Cluster Tool (Presentation);  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation on wafer replacement cluster tool discusses: (1) Platform for advanced R and D toward SAI 2015 cost goal--crystal silicon PV at area costs closer to amorphous Si PV, it's 15% efficiency, inexpensive substrate, and moderate temperature processing (<800 C); (2) Why silicon?--industrial and knowledge base, abundant and environmentally benign, market acceptance, and good efficiency; and (3) Why replace wafers?--expensive, high embedded energy content, and uses 50-100 times more silicon than needed.

Branz, H. M.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

A Model for Estimating Persistence Probabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model for estimating the probability that a weather event will persist for at least n hours was developed on 13 years of hourly wind-speed data taken at nine stations in the eastern United States and tested on data at seven stations in the ...

Iver A. Lund; Paul Tsipouras

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

An Assessment of Thunderstorm Probability Forecasting Skill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of the 11-year (1983–1993) skill of subjective 24-h thunderstorm probability forecasts made by staff and students at the State University of New York at Albany is presented. Skill is measured relative to the long-term National Weather ...

Lance F. Bosart; Michael G. Landin

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Probability in modal interpretations of quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probability in modal interpretations of quantum mechanics Dennis Dieks Institute for the History interpretations have the ambition to construe quantum mechanics as an ob- jective, man-independent description of physical reality. Their second leading idea is probabilism: quantum mechanics does not completely fix

Seevinck, Michiel

65

Evaluation of arresters' failure probability using ANN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning is a major cause of faults on overhead transmission high voltage lines. In order to improve the lightning performance of the lines and to reduce the failure rate, surge arresters are installed between each phase and earth. The failure probability ... Keywords: Simulink®7.1 package, artificial neural networks, surge arresters, transmission lines

C. A. Christodoulou; I. A. Stathopulos

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Bayesian Generalized Probability Calculus for Density Matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main concepts in quantum physics is a density matrix, which is a symmetric positive definite matrix of trace one. Finite probability distributions can be seen as a special case when the density matrix is restricted to be diagonal. We develop a probability calculus based on these more general distributions that includes definitions of joints, conditionals and formulas that relate these, including analogs of the Theorem of Total Probability and various Bayes rules for the calculation of posterior density matrices. The resulting calculus parallels the familiar "conventional" probability calculus and always retains the latter as a special case when all matrices are diagonal. We motivate both the conventional and the generalized Bayes rule with a minimum relative entropy principle, where the Kullbach-Leibler version gives the conventional Bayes rule and Umegaki's quantum relative entropy the new Bayes rule for density matrices. Whereas the conventional Bayesian methods maintain uncertainty about which model has the highest data likelihood, the generalization maintains uncertainty about which unit direction has the largest variance. Surprisingly the bounds also generalize: as in the conventional setting we upper bound the negative log likelihood of the data by the negative log likelihood of the MAP estimator.

Manfred K Warmuth; Dima Kuzmin

2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

67

HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE PHOTOMETRY OF GLOBULAR CLUSTERS IN M81  

SciTech Connect

We perform aperture photometry and profile fitting on 419 globular cluster (GC) candidates with m{sub V} {<=} 23 mag identified in Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys BVI imaging, and estimate the effective radii of the clusters. We identify 85 previously known spectroscopically confirmed clusters, and newly identify 136 objects as good cluster candidates within the 3{sigma} color and size ranges defined by the spectroscopically confirmed clusters, yielding a total of 221 probable GCs. The luminosity function peak for the 221 probable GCs with estimated total dereddening applied is V {approx} (20.26 {+-} 0.13) mag, corresponding to a distance of {approx}3.7 {+-} 0.3 Mpc. The blue and red GC candidates, and the metal-rich and metal-poor spectroscopically confirmed clusters, respectively, are similar in half-light radius. Red confirmed clusters are about 6% larger in median half-light radius than blue confirmed clusters, and red and blue good GC candidates are nearly identical in half-light radius. The total population of confirmed and 'good' candidates shows an increase in half-light radius as a function of galactocentric distance.

Nantais, Julie B. [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Concepcion Av. Esteban Iturra s/n Barrio Universitario Casilla 160-C Concepcion (Chile); Huchra, John P.; Zezas, Andreas; Gazeas, Kosmas; Strader, Jay [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

Computation of neutron fluxes in clusters of fuel pins arranged in hexagonal assemblies (2D and 3D)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For computations of fluxes, we have used Carvik's method of collision probabilities. This method requires tracking algorithms. An algorithm to compute tracks (in 2D and 3D) has been developed for seven hexagonal geometries with cluster of fuel pins. This has been implemented in the NXT module of the code DRAGON. The flux distribution in cluster of pins has been computed by using this code. For testing the results, they are compared when possible with the EXCELT module of the code DRAGON. Tracks are plotted in the NXT module by using MATLAB, these plots are also presented here. Results are presented with increasing number of lines to show the convergence of these results. We have numerically computed volumes, surface areas and the percentage errors in these computations. These results show that 2D results converge faster than 3D results. The accuracy on the computation of fluxes up to second decimal is achieved with fewer lines. (authors)

Prabha, H.; Marleau, G. [Institut de Genie Nucleaire, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Stn. CV, P.O. Box 6079, Montreal, QC H3C 3A7 (Canada)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

A penalized fuzzy clustering algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a penalized inter-cluster separation (PICS) fuzzy clustering algorithm by adding a penalty term to the inter-cluster separation (ICS) algorithm. Numerical comparisons are made for several fuzzy clustering algorithms according ... Keywords: fuzzy c-means (FCM), fuzzy clustering, image segmentation, inter-cluster separation (ICS), magnetic resonance image (MRI), penalized ICS

Miin-Shen Yang; Wen-Liang Hung; Chia-Hsuan Chang

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Free Energy Changes, Fluctuations, and Path Probabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We illustrate some of the static and dynamic relations discovered by Cohen, Crooks, Evans, Jarzynski, Kirkwood, Morriss, Searles, and Zwanzig. These relations link nonequilibrium processes to equilibrium isothermal free energy changes and to dynamical path probabilities. We include ideas suggested by Dellago, Geissler, Oberhofer, and Schoell-Paschinger. Our treatment is intended to be pedagogical, for use in an updated version of our book: Time Reversibility, Computer Simulation, and Chaos. Comments are very welcome.

William G. Hoover; Carol G. Hoover

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

71

Consistent probabilities in loop quantum cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fundamental issue for any quantum cosmological theory is to specify how probabilities can be assigned to various quantum events or sequences of events such as the occurrence of singularities or bounces. In previous work, we have demonstrated how this issue can be successfully addressed within the consistent histories approach to quantum theory for Wheeler-DeWitt-quantized cosmological models. In this work, we generalize that analysis to the exactly solvable loop quantization of a spatially flat, homogeneous and isotropic cosmology sourced with a massless, minimally coupled scalar field known as sLQC. We provide an explicit, rigorous and complete decoherent histories formulation for this model and compute the probabilities for the occurrence of a quantum bounce vs. a singularity. Using the scalar field as an emergent internal time, we show for generic states that the probability for a singularity to occur in this model is zero, and that of a bounce is unity, complementing earlier studies of the expectation values of the volume and matter density in this theory. We also show from the consistent histories point of view that all states in this model, whether quantum or classical, achieve arbitrarily large volume in the limit of infinite `past' or `future' scalar `time', in the sense that the wave function evaluated at any arbitrary fixed value of the volume vanishes in that limit. Finally, we briefly discuss certain misconceptions concerning the utility of the consistent histories approach in these models.

David A. Craig; Parampreet Singh

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

72

Document clustering with committees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Document clustering is useful in many information retrieval tasks: document browsing, organization and viewing of retrieval results, generation of Yahoo-like hierarchies of documents, etc. The general goal of clustering is to group data elements such that the intra-group similarities are high and the inter-group similarities are low. We present a clustering algorithm called CBC (Clustering By Committee) that is shown to produce higher quality clusters in document clustering tasks as compared to several well known clustering algorithms. It initially discovers a set of tight clusters (high intra-group similarity), called committees, that are well scattered in the similarity space (low inter-group similarity). The union of the committees is but a subset of all elements. The algorithm proceeds by assigning elements to their most similar committee. Evaluating cluster quality has always been a difficult task. We present a new evaluation methodology that is based on the editing distance between output clusters and manually constructed classes (the answer key). This evaluation measure is more intuitive and easier to interpret than previous evaluation measures.

Patrick Pantel; Dekang Lin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Calculating the probability of injected carbon dioxide plumes encountering faults  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Change Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage,Probability of Injected Carbon Dioxide Plumes Encounteringthe probability of injected carbon dioxide encountering and

Jordan, P.D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Contributions to Stein's method and some limit theorems in probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

probability by Partha Sarathi Dey A dissertation submittedCopyright 2010 by Partha Sarathi Dey Abstract Contributionsin probability by Partha Sarathi Dey Doctor of Philosophy in

Dey, Partha Sarathi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

A new approach in signal processing for sodium boiling noise detection by probability density function estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The probability density function (pdf) method of noise signal processing has been investigated for its capability and quality in detecting sodium boiling noise. In an attempt to identify proper features of the pdf for sodium boiling noise detection, the segmented areas under the pdf curves have been found sensitive to sodium boiling noise. New approaches have been followed in selecting the feature threshold and achieving the targeted probabilities for false and missed sodium boiling noise detection.

Reddy, C.P.; Singh, O.P.; Vyjayanthi, R.K.; Prabhakar, R.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Environmental Business Cluster | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Business Cluster Business Cluster Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Environmental Business Cluster Name Environmental Business Cluster Address 2 North First Street, Third Floor Place San Jose, California Zip 95112 Region Bay Area Coordinates 37.3456227°, -121.8847222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.3456227,"lon":-121.8847222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

77

Ab initio Monte Carlo investigation of small lithium clusters.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural and thermal properties of small lithium clusters are studied using ab initio-based Monte Carlo simulations. The ab initio scheme uses a Hartree-Fock/density functional treatment of the electronic structure combined with a jump-walking Monte Carlo sampling of nuclear configurations. Structural forms of Li{sub 8} and Li{sub 9}{sup +} clusters are obtained and their thermal properties analyzed in terms of probability distributions of the cluster potential energy, average potential energy and configurational heat capacity all considered as a function of the cluster temperature. Details of the gradual evolution with temperature of the structural forms sampled are examined. Temperatures characterizing the onset of structural changes and isomer coexistence are identified for both clusters.

Srinivas, S.

1999-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

78

Electron: Cluster interactions  

SciTech Connect

Beam depletion spectroscopy has been used to measure absolute total inelastic electron-sodium cluster collision cross sections in the energy range from E {approximately} 0.1 to E {approximately} 6 eV. The investigation focused on the closed shell clusters Na{sub 8}, Na{sub 20}, Na{sub 40}. The measured cross sections show an increase for the lowest collision energies where electron attachment is the primary scattering channel. The electron attachment cross section can be understood in terms of Langevin scattering, connecting this measurement with the polarizability of the cluster. For energies above the dissociation energy the measured electron-cluster cross section is energy independent, thus defining an electron-cluster interaction range. This interaction range increases with the cluster size.

Scheidemann, A.A. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Kresin, V.V. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Knight, W.D. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Southern CA Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southern CA Area Southern CA Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Southern CA Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Southern CA Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Southern CA Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Southern CA Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Southern CA Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Southern CA Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Southern CA Area Products and Services in the Southern CA Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

80

Pacific Northwest Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pacific Northwest Area Pacific Northwest Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Pacific Northwest Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Pacific Northwest Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Pacific Northwest Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Pacific Northwest Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Pacific Northwest Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Pacific Northwest Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Pacific Northwest Area Products and Services in the Pacific Northwest Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Greater Boston Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greater Boston Area Greater Boston Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Greater Boston Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Greater Boston Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Greater Boston Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Greater Boston Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Greater Boston Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Greater Boston Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Greater Boston Area Products and Services in the Greater Boston Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

82

Point Probability Distributions of Frozen Soil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In some areas of the Pacific Northwest, frozen soils play a major role in surface runoff, soil erosion and sedimentation, but quantitative descriptions of the frequency and severity of soil frost are lacking.

J. F. Zuzel; J. L. Pikul Jr.; R. N. Greenwalt

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Success rates for linear optical generation of cluster states in coincidence basis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on theoretical research in photonic cluster-state computing. Finding optimal schemes of generating non-classical photonic states is of critical importance for this field as physically implementable photon-photon entangling operations are currently limited to measurement-assisted stochastic transformations. A critical parameter for assessing the efficiency of such transformations is the success probability of a desired measurement outcome. At present there are several experimental groups which are capable of generating multi-photon cluster states carrying more than eight qubits. Separate photonic qubits or small clusters can be fused into a single cluster state by a probabilistic optical CZ gate conditioned on simultaneous detection of all photons with 1/9 success probability of each gate. This design mechanically follows the original theoretical scheme of cluster state generation proposed more than a decade ago by Raussendorf, Browne and Briegel. The optimality of the destructive CZ gate in application to linear optical cluster state generation has not been analyzed previously. Our results reveal that this method is far from the optimal one. Employing numerical optimization we have identified that maximal success probability of fusing n unentangled dual-rail optical qubits into a linear cluster state is equal to 1/2^(n-1); m-tuple of photonic Bell pair states, commonly generated via spontaneous parametric down-conversion, can be fused into a single cluster with the maximal success probability of 1/4^(m-1).

D. B. Uskov; P. M. Alsing; M. L. Fanto; L. Kaplan; A. M. Smith

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

84

Panache: a parallel WAN cache for clustered filesystems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Panache is a scalable, high-performance, remote file data caching solution integrated with the GPFS cluster file system. It leverages the inherent scalability of GPFS to provide a multi-node, consistent cache of data exported by a remote file system ... Keywords: caching, cluster filesystem, pNFS, wide-area network

R. Ananthanarayanan; M. Eshel; R. Haskin; M. Naik; F. Schmuck; R. Tewari

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Refinement-oriented probability for CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jones and Plotkin give a general construction for forming a probabilistic powerdomain over any directed-complete partial order [Jon90, JP89]. We apply their technique to the failures/divergences semantic model for Communicating Sequential Processes [Hoa85]. The resulting probabilistic model supports a new binary operator, probabilistic choice, and retains all operators of CSP including its two existing forms of choice. An advantage of using the general construction is that it is easy to see which CSP identities remain true in the probabilistic model. A surprising consequence however is that probabilistic choice distributes through all other operators; such algebraic mobility means that the syntactic position of the choice operator gives little information about when the choice actually must occur. That in turn leads to some interesting interaction between probability and nondeterminism. A simple communications protocol is used to illustrate the probabilistic algebra, and several sugg...

Carroll Morgan; Annabelle McIver; Karen Seidel; J.W. Sanders

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Cold cluster ferromagnetism  

SciTech Connect

We examine the magnetic moment distribution of ferromagnetic clusters under conditions where the magnetic moment is aligned with the internal cluster axis. Analytic expressions are obtained for the moment distribution and the adiabatic average moment induced in low fields. The result differs from the low-field Langevin function by a factor 2/3.

Bertsch, G.F. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory; Yabana, K. [Niigata Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

87

Cool Cluster Correctly Correlated  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic clusters are unique objects, which occupy an intermediate position between atoms and condensed matter systems. For a long time it was thought that physical and chemical properties of atomic dusters monotonically change with increasing size of the cluster from a single atom to a condensed matter system. However, recently it has become clear that many properties of atomic clusters can change drastically with the size of the clusters. Because physical and chemical properties of clusters can be adjusted simply by changing the cluster's size, different applications of atomic clusters were proposed. One example is the catalytic activity of clusters of specific sizes in different chemical reactions. Another example is a potential application of atomic clusters in microelectronics, where their band gaps can be adjusted by simply changing cluster sizes. In recent years significant advances in experimental techniques allow one to synthesize and study atomic clusters of specified sizes. However, the interpretation of the results is often difficult. The theoretical methods are frequently used to help in interpretation of complex experimental data. Most of the theoretical approaches have been based on empirical or semiempirical methods. These methods allow one to study large and small dusters using the same approximations. However, since empirical and semiempirical methods rely on simple models with many parameters, it is often difficult to estimate the quantitative and even qualitative accuracy of the results. On the other hand, because of significant advances in quantum chemical methods and computer capabilities, it is now possible to do high quality ab-initio calculations not only on systems of few atoms but on clusters of practical interest as well. In addition to accurate results for specific clusters, such methods can be used for benchmarking of different empirical and semiempirical approaches. The atomic clusters studied in this work contain from a few atoms to tens of atoms. Therefore, they are quantum objects. Some qualitative information about the geometries of such clusters can be obtained with classical empirical methods, for example geometry optimization using an empirical Lennard-Jones potential. However, to predict their accurate geometries and other physical and chemical properties it is necessary to solve a Schroedinger equation. If one is not interested in dynamics of clusters it is enough to solve the stationary (time-independent) Schroedinger equation (H{Phi}=E{Phi}). This equation represents a multidimensional eigenvalue problem. The solution of the Schroedinger equation is a set of eigenvectors (wave functions) and their eigenvalues (energies). The lowest energy solution (wave function) corresponds to the ground state of the cluster. The other solutions correspond to excited states. The wave function gives all information about the quantum state of the cluster and can be used to calculate different physical and chemical properties, such as photoelectron, X-ray, NMR, EPR spectra, dipole moment, polarizability etc. The dimensionality of the Schroedinger equation is determined by the number of particles (nuclei and electrons) in the cluster. The analytic solution is only known for a two particle problem. In order to solve the equation for clusters of interest it is necessary to make a number of approximations and use numerical methods.

Sergey Aleksandrovich Varganov

2005-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

88

Document clustering methods, document cluster label disambiguation methods, document clustering apparatuses, and articles of manufacture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Document clustering methods, document cluster label disambiguation methods, document clustering apparatuses, and articles of manufacture are described. In one aspect, a document clustering method includes providing a document set comprising a plurality of documents, providing a cluster comprising a subset of the documents of the document set, using a plurality of terms of the documents, providing a cluster label indicative of subject matter content of the documents of the cluster, wherein the cluster label comprises a plurality of word senses, and selecting one of the word senses of the cluster label.

Sanfilippo, Antonio (Richland, WA); Calapristi, Augustin J. (West Richland, WA); Crow, Vernon L. (Richland, WA); Hetzler, Elizabeth G. (Kennewick, WA); Turner, Alan E. (Kennewick, WA)

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

89

Formation of Atlantic Hurricanes from Cloud Clusters and Depressions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of large scale eddy processes in the transformation of cloud clusters and depressions into hurricanes is investigated by using different initial conditions in numerical integrations of the Naval Research Laboratory limited-area hurricane ...

Malakondayya Challa; Richard L. Pfeffer

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

The Young Open Cluster NGC 2129  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first CCD UBV(RI) photometric study in the area of the doubtful open cluster NGC 2129 is presented. Photometry of a field offset 15 arcmin northward is also provided, to probe the Galactic disk population toward the cluster. Using star counts, proper motions from the UCAC2 catalog, colour-magnitude and colour-colour diagrams we demonstrate that NGC 2129 is a young open cluster. The cluster radius is 2.5 arcmin, and across this region we find evidence of significant differential reddening, although the reddening law seems to be normal toward its direction. Updated estimates of the cluster fundamental parameters are provided. The mean reddening is found to be E(B-V)=0.80$\\pm$0.08 and the distance modulus is $(m-M)_o$= 11.70$\\pm0.30$. Hence, NGC 2129 is located at 2.2$\\pm$0.2 kpc from the Sun inside the Local spiral arm. The age derived from 37 photometrically selected members is estimated to be approximately 10 million years. These stars are used to provide new estimates of the cluster absolute proper motion components.

Giovanni Carraro; Brian Chaboyer; James Perencevich

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

91

WAS THE SUN BORN IN A MASSIVE CLUSTER?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of authors have argued that the Sun must have been born in a cluster of no more than several thousand stars, on the basis that, in a larger cluster, close encounters between the Sun and other stars would have truncated the outer solar system or excited the outer planets into eccentric orbits. However, this dynamical limit is in tension with meteoritic evidence that the solar system was exposed to a nearby supernova during or shortly after its formation; a several-thousand-star cluster is much too small to produce a massive star whose lifetime is short enough to have provided the enrichment. In this paper, we revisit the dynamical limit in the light of improved observations of the properties of young clusters. We use a series of scattering simulations to measure the velocity-dependent cross-section for disruption of the outer solar system by stellar encounters, and use this cross-section to compute the probability of a disruptive encounter as a function of birth cluster properties. We find that, contrary to prior work, the probability of disruption is small regardless of the cluster mass, and that it actually decreases rather than increases with cluster mass. Our results differ from prior work for three main reasons: (1) unlike in most previous work, we compute a velocity-dependent cross-section and properly integrate over the cluster mass-dependent velocity distribution of incoming stars; (2) we recognize that {approx}90% of clusters have lifetimes of a few crossing times, rather than the 10-100 Myr adopted in many earlier models; and (3) following recent observations, we adopt a mass-independent surface density for embedded clusters, rather than a mass-independent radius as assumed many earlier papers. Our results remove the tension between the dynamical limit and the meteoritic evidence, and suggest that the Sun was born in a massive cluster. A corollary to this result is that close encounters in the Sun's birth cluster are highly unlikely to truncate the Kuiper Belt unless the Sun was born in one of the unusual clusters that survived for tens of Myr. However, we find that encounters could plausibly produce highly eccentric Kuiper Belt objects such as Sedna.

Dukes, Donald; Krumholz, Mark R. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

92

Partition selection approach for hierarchical clustering based on clustering ensemble  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hierarchical clustering algorithms are widely used in many fields of investigation. They provide a hierarchy of partitions of the same dataset. However, in many practical problems, the selection of a representative level (partition) in the hierarchy ... Keywords: cluster validity index, clustering ensemble, hierarchical clustering, partition selection

Sandro Vega-Pons; José Ruiz-Shulcloper

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Probable Maximum Precipitation Study for Wisconsin and Michigan: Volume 2: Workbook and User's Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study provides maps and supporting information on the probable maximum precipitation (PMP) for Wisconsin and Michigan. The refinement of PMP for the study area has typically lowered the PMP from the generalized values in Hydrometeorological Report (HMR) 51. The study followed HMR 51 procedures with some minor changes that apply to other regions.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Prediction of Subsidence in Steep Seam Mining Based on Probability Integral  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The deficiency of subsidence prediction in steep seam mining by the theory of equivalent effect is analyzed?more than 1/2 area of the subsidence basin is caused by the mining of downhill horizontal seam because of the great difference between ... Keywords: probability integral method, steep seam, major influencing radius, unit mining

Zhao-jiang Zhang

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Clusters and entrepreneurship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article examines the role of regional clusters in regional entrepreneurship. We focus on the distinct influences of convergence and agglomeration on growth in the number of start-up firms as well as in employment in ...

Delgado, Mercedes

96

Exploring Beowulf clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Beowulf clusters provide the computational power of parallel programming at minimal cost, making this technology available to small colleges and individual labs. In this paper, we explore the construction and programming of four distinct varieties of ...

Marsha Meredith; Teresa Carrigan; James Brockman; Timothy Cloninger; Jaroslav Privoznik; Jeffery Williams

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Cooling flows, central galaxy--cluster alignments, X-ray absorption and dust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the analysis of pointed ROSAT PSPC observations of five of the most luminous, intermediate redshift ($0.1 cooling flows. The alignment between CCGs and their host clusters has been investigated. For those clusters with cooling flows, the position angles of the X-ray emission from the clusters and the optical emission from the CCGs agrees within 5 degrees. For the one probable non-cooling flow cluster in the sample, Abell 2208, the alignment is significantly poorer. We examine the evidence for intrinsic X-ray absorption in the clusters. The X-ray spectra for Abell 1068 and Abell 1664 show that the cooling flows in these clusters are intrinsically absorbed by equivalent hydrogen column densities $\\geq 10^{21} atom cm$^{-2}$. The optical spectra of the CCGs in these clusters exhibit substantial intrinsic reddening, at levels consistent with the X-ray absorption results if standard dust to gas ratios are assumed.

S. W. Allen; A. C. Fabian; A. C. Edge; H. Bohringer; D. A. White

1995-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

98

Some Considerations on the Probability of Nuclear Fission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

om THE PROBABILITY OF NUCLEAR FISSION Robert Vandenbosch andON TRE PROBABILITY OF NUCLEAR FISSION O E Contents Abstractf is the fission threshold, and the nuclear temperature T is

Vandenbosch, Robert; Seaborg, Glenn T.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Extended-Range Probability Forecasts Based on Dynamical Model Output  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A probability forecast has advantages over a deterministic forecast as the former offers information about the probabilities of various possible future states of the atmosphere. As physics-based numerical models find their success in modern ...

Jianfu Pan; Huug van den Dool

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Simple Nonparametric Techniques for Exploring Changing Probability Distributions of Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anthropogenic influences are expected to cause the probability distribution of weather variables to change in nontrivial ways. This study presents simple nonparametric methods for exploring and comparing differences in pairs of probability ...

Christopher A. T. Ferro; Abdelwaheb Hannachi; David B. Stephenson

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Diversity in Interpretations of Probability: Implications for Weather Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last years, probability weather forecasts have become increasingly popular due in part to the development of ensemble forecast systems. Despite its widespread use in atmospheric sciences, probability forecasting remains a subtle and ...

Ramón de Elía; René Laprise

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Improvements to the Operational Tropical Cyclone Wind Speed Probability Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Hurricane Center Hurricane Probability Program, which estimated the probability of a tropical cyclone passing within a specific distance of a selected set of coastal stations, was replaced by the more general Tropical Cyclone Surface ...

Mark DeMaria; John A. Knaff; Michael J. Brennan; Daniel Brown; Richard D. Knabb; Robert T. DeMaria; Andrea Schumacher; Christopher A. Lauer; David P. Roberts; Charles R. Sampson; Pablo Santos; David Sharp; Katherine A. Winters

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Breaking Probability for Dominant Waves on the Sea Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The breaking probability is investigated for the dominant surface waves observed in three geographically diverse natural bodies of water: Lake Washington, the Black Sea, and the Southern Ocean. The breaking probability is taken as the average ...

Michael L. Banner; Alexander V. Babanin; Ian R. Young

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Bayesian Probability and Scalar Performance Measures in Gaussian Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transformation of a real, continuous variable into an event probability is reviewed from the Bayesian point of view, after which a Gaussian model is employed to derive an explicit expression for the probability. In turn, several scalar (one-...

Caren Marzban

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

The Window Probability Matching Method for Rainfall Measurements with Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simplified probability matching method is introduced that relies on matching the unconditional probabilities of R and Ze, using data from a C-band radar and raingage network near Darwin, Australia. This is achieved by matching raingage ...

Daniel Rosenfeld; David B. Wolff; Eyal Amitai

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

On the Study of a Probability Distribution for Precipitation Totals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some of the probability distribution models for precipitation totals and their applications are briefly reviewed. The general properties of a probability distribution model which is a mixture of gamma and Poisson distributions are discussed. A ...

Aydin Öztürk

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

POST: Using probabilities in language processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report here on our experiments with POST (Part of Speech Tagger) to address problems of ambiguity and of understanding unknown words. Part of speech tagging, per se, is a well understood problem. Our paper reports experiments in three important areas: handling unknown words, limiting the size of the training set, and returning a set of the most likely tags for each word rather than a single tag. We describe the algorithms that we used and the specific results of our experiments on Wall Street Journal articles and on MUC terrorist messages.

Marie Meteer; Richard Schwartz; Ralph Weischedel

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Failure probabilities of steam generator tubes. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

BNL's efforts focused on the following specific items; the probabilities of failure for perfect steam generator tubes, the probabilities of failure for steam generator tubes containing long axisymmetrically thinned sections, and the probabilities of failure for steam generator tubes containing finite length (relatively short) axisymmetric wastages. (auth)

Reich, M.

1975-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Sets of desirable gambles: Conditioning, representation, and precise probabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory of sets of desirable gambles is a very general model which covers most of the existing theories for imprecise probability as special cases; it has a clear and simple axiomatic justification; and mathematical definitions are natural and intuitive. ... Keywords: Desirable gambles, Regular extension, Sets of probability measures, Zero probabilities

InéS Couso; SerafíN Moral

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Research Areas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Areas Areas Research Areas Print Scientists from a wide variety of fields come to the ALS to perform experiements. Listed below are some of the most common research areas covered by ALS beamlines. Below each heading are a few examples of the specific types of topics included in that category. Click on a heading to learn more about that research area at the ALS. Energy Science Photovoltaics, photosynthesis, biofuels, energy storage, combustion, catalysis, carbon capture/sequestration. Bioscience General biology, structural biology. Materials/Condensed Matter Correlated materials, nanomaterials, magnetism, polymers, semiconductors, water, advanced materials. Physics Atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) physics; accelerator physics. Chemistry Surfaces/interfaces, catalysts, chemical dynamics (gas-phase chemistry), crystallography, physical chemistry.

111

Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in BPA Control Area: Task One Report  

SciTech Connect

This is a report for task one of the tail event analysis project for BPA. Tail event refers to the situation in a power system when unfavorable forecast errors of load and wind are superposed onto fast load and wind ramps, or non-wind generators falling short of scheduled output, the imbalance between generation and load becomes very significant. This type of events occurs infrequently and appears on the tails of the distribution of system power imbalance; therefore, is referred to as tail events. This report analyzes what happened during the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) reliability event on February 26, 2008, which was widely reported because of the involvement of wind generation. The objective is to identify sources of the problem, solutions to it and potential improvements that can be made to the system. Lessons learned from the analysis include the following: (1) Large mismatch between generation and load can be caused by load forecast error, wind forecast error and generation scheduling control error on traditional generators, or a combination of all of the above; (2) The capability of system balancing resources should be evaluated both in capacity (MW) and in ramp rate (MW/min), and be procured accordingly to meet both requirements. The resources need to be able to cover a range corresponding to the variability of load and wind in the system, additional to other uncertainties; (3) Unexpected ramps caused by load and wind can both become the cause leading to serious issues; (4) A look-ahead tool evaluating system balancing requirement during real-time operations and comparing that with available system resources should be very helpful to system operators in predicting the forthcoming of similar events and planning ahead; and (5) Demand response (only load reduction in ERCOT event) can effectively reduce load-generation mismatch and terminate frequency deviation in an emergency situation.

Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in the BPA Control Area  

SciTech Connect

This report investigated the uncertainties with the operations of the power system and their contributions to tail events, especially under high penetration of wind. A Bayesian network model is established to quantify the impact of these uncertainties on system imbalance. The framework is presented for a decision support tool, which can help system operators better estimate the need for balancing reserves and prepare for tail events.

Lu, Shuai; Brothers, Alan J.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Makarov, Yuri V.

2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

Research Areas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Areas Print Research Areas Print Scientists from a wide variety of fields come to the ALS to perform experiements. Listed below are some of the most common research areas covered by ALS beamlines. Below each heading are a few examples of the specific types of topics included in that category. Click on a heading to learn more about that research area at the ALS. Energy Science Photovoltaics, photosynthesis, biofuels, energy storage, combustion, catalysis, carbon capture/sequestration. Bioscience General biology, structural biology. Materials/Condensed Matter Correlated materials, nanomaterials, magnetism, polymers, semiconductors, water, advanced materials. Physics Atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) physics; accelerator physics. Chemistry Surfaces/interfaces, catalysts, chemical dynamics (gas-phase chemistry), crystallography, physical chemistry.

114

XMM-Newton observations of the Perseus Cluster I: The temperature and surface brightness structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present preliminary results of the XMM-Newton 50 ksec observation of the Perseus cluster. The global east/west asymmetry of the gas temperature and surface brightness distributions, approximately aligned with the chain of bright galaxies, suggests an ongoing merger, although the modest degree of the observed asymmetry certainly excludes a major merger interpretation. The chain of galaxies probably traces the filament along which accretion has started some time ago and is continuing at the present time. A cold and dense (low entropy) cluster core like Perseus is probably well "protected" against the penetration of the gas of infalling groups and poor clusters whereas in non-cooling core clusters like Coma and A1367, infalling subclusters can penetrate deeply into the core region. In Perseus, gas associated with infalling groups may be stripped completely at the outskirts of the main cluster and only compression waves (shocks) may reach the central regions. We argue that the passage of such a wave(s) can qualitatively explain the overall horseshoe shaped appearance of the gas temperature map (the hot horseshoe surrounds the colder, low entropy core) as well as other features of the Perseus cluster core. As compression waves traverse the cluster core, they can induce oscillatory motion of the cluster gas which can generate multiple sharp "edges", on opposite sides or the central galaxy. Gas motions induced by mergers may be a natural way to explain the high frequency of "edges" seen in clusters with cooling cores.

E. Churazov; W. Forman; C. Jones; H. Böhringer

2003-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

115

Clusters in Light Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A great deal of research work has been undertaken in the alpha-clustering study since the pioneering discovery, half a century ago, of 12C+12C molecular resonances. Our knowledge of the field of the physics of nuclear molecules has increased considerably and nuclear clustering remains one of the most fruitful domains of nuclear physics, facing some of the greatest challenges and opportunities in the years ahead. In this work, the occurence of "exotic" shapes in light N=Z alpha-like nuclei is investigated. Various approaches of superdeformed and hyperdeformed bands associated with quasimolecular resonant structures are presented. Results on clustering aspects are also discussed for light neutron-rich Oxygen isotopes.

C. Beck; P. Papka; A. Sanchez i Zafra; S. Thummerer; F. Azaiez; P. Bednarczyk; S. Courtin; D. Curien; O. Dorvaux; A. Goasduff; D. Lebhertz; A. Nourreddine; M. Rousseau; M. -D. Salsac; W. von Oertzen; B. Gebauer; C. Wheldon; Tz. Kokalova; G. Efimov; V. Zherebchevsky; Ch. Schulz; H. G. Bohlen; D. Kamanin; G. de Angelis; A. Gadea; S. Lenzi; D. R. Napoli; S. Szilner; M. Milin; W. N. Catford; D. G. Jenkins; G. Royer

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Efficiently Clustering Documents with Committees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The general goal of clustering is to group data elements such that the intragroup similarities are high and the inter-group similarities are low. We present a clustering algorithm called CBC (Clustering By Committee) that is shown to produce higher quality clusters in document clustering tasks as compared to several well known clustering algorithms. It initially discovers a set of tight clusters (high intra-group similarity), called committees, that are well scattered in the similarity space (low inter-group similarity). The union of the committees is but a subset of all elements. The algorithm proceeds by assigning elements to their most similar committee. Evaluating cluster quality has always been a difficult task. We present a new evaluation methodology based on the editing distance between output clusters and manually constructed classes (the answer key). This evaluation measure is more intuitive and easier to interpret than previous evaluation measures. 1

Patrick Pantel; Dekang Lin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Charged Metallic Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usually in Nuclear Physics the minimum of the liquid drop model (LDM) energy occurs at a mass asymmetry which is different from the minimum of shell correction. Charged metallic clusters are ideal emitters of singly ionized trimers because both LDM and shell correction are reaching a minimum for the same mass asymmetry corresponding to the emission of a charged particle with two delocalized electrons. Maximum dissociation energy (Q-value) is obtained for metallic clusters with high surface tension and low Wigner-Seitz radius (transition metals). The Q-values for spheroidal shapes are much larger than for hemispheroids.

Poenaru, D. N.; Gherghescu, R. A. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Solov'yov, A. V.; Greiner, W. [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

118

Uniqueness of Bohmian Mechanics, and Solutions From Probability Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that one-dimensional Bohmian mechanics is unique, in that, the Bohm trajectories are the only solutions that conserve total left (or right) probability. In Brandt et al., Phys. Lett. A, 249 (1998) 265--270, they define quantile motion--unique trajectories are solved by assuming that the total probability on each side of the particle is conserved. They argue that the quantile trajectories are identical to the Bohm trajectories. Their argument, however, fails to notice the gauge freedom in the definition of the quantum probability current. Our paper sidesteps this under-determinedness of the probability current. The one-dimensional probability conservation can be used for higher dimensional problems if the wave function is separable. Several examples are given using total left probability conservation, most notably, the two-slit experiment.

Timothy M. Coffey; Robert E. Wyatt; Wm. C. Schieve

2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

119

Probability based load factors for design of concrete containment structures  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a procedure for developing probability-based load combinations for the design of concrete containments. The proposed criteria are in a load and resistance factor design (LRFD) format. The load factors and resistance factors are derived for use in limit states design and are based on a target limit state probability. In this paper, the load factors for accident pressure and safe shutdown earthquake are derived for three target limit state probabilities. Other load factors are recommended on the basis of prior experience with probability-based design criteria for ordinary building construction. 6 refs.

Hwang, H.; Kagami, S.; Reich, M.; Ellingwood, B.; Shinozuka, M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

New probability table treatment in MCNP for unresolved resonances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An upgrade for MCNP has been implemented to sample the neutron cross sections in the unresolved resonance range using probability tables. These probability tables are generated with the cross section processor code NJOY, by using the evaluated statistical information about the resonances to calculate cumulative probability distribution functions for the microscopic total cross section. The elastic, fission, and radiative capture cross sections are also tabulated as the average values of each of these partials conditional upon the value of the total. This paper summarizes how the probability tables are utilized in this MCNP upgrade and compares this treatment with the approximate smooth treatment for some example problems.

Carter, L.L. [Carter M.C. Analysis, Richland, WA (United States); Little, R.C.; Hendricks, J.S.; MacFarlane, R.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Probability of SLA Violation for Semi-Markov Availability.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this thesis is to investigate availability distributions and the probability of Service Level Agreement (SLA) violation for telecommunication services requiring high availability,… (more)

Gupta, Vivek

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Search via Probability Algorithm for Single-Objective Optimization ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suggest a new approach to find optimal solutions, the Search via Probability (SP) algorithm. ... searching an optimal solution the first time for each performance.

123

Probability and complex quantum trajectories: Finding the missing links  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that a normalisable probability density can be defined for the entire complex plane in the modified de Broglie-Bohm quantum mechanics, which gives complex quantum trajectories. This work is in continuation of a previous one that defined a conserved probability for most of the regions in the complex space in terms of a trajectory integral, indicating a dynamical origin of quantum probability. There it was also shown that the quantum trajectories obtained are the same characteristic curves that propagate information about the conserved probability density. Though the probability density we now adopt for those regions left out in the previous work is not conserved locally, the net source of probability for such regions is seen to be zero in the example considered, allowing to make the total probability conserved. The new combined probability density agrees with the Born's probability everywhere on the real line, as required. A major fall out of the present scheme is that it explains why in the classical limit the imaginary parts of trajectories are not observed even indirectly and particles are confined close to the real line.

John, Moncy V., E-mail: moncyjohn@yahoo.co.u [Department of Physics, St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry, Kerala 689641 (India)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Derivation of the coefficient squared probability law in quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If one assumes there is probability of perception in quantum mechanics, then unitarity dictates that it must have the coefficient squared form, in agreement with experiment.

Casey Blood

2013-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

125

AL 3 (BH 261): a new globular cluster in the Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AL~3 (BH 261), previously classified as a faint open cluster candidate, is shown to be a new globular cluster in the Milky Way, by means of B, V and I Color-Magnitude Diagrams. The main feature of AL~3 is a prominent blue extended Horizontal Branch. Its Color-Magnitude Diagrams match those of the intermediate metallicity cluster M~5. The cluster is projected in a rich bulge field, also contaminated by the disk main sequence. The globular cluster is located in the Galactic bulge at a distance from the Sun d$_{\\odot}$ = 6.0$\\pm$0.5 kpc. The reddening is E(B-V)=0.36$\\pm$0.03 and the metallicity is estimated to be [Fe/H] $\\approx$ -1.3$\\pm$0.25. AL~3 is probably one of the least massive globular clusters of the Galaxy.

S. Ortolani; E. Bica; B. Barbuy

2006-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

126

Nuclear Cluster Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictive power of theory needs good models and accurate calculation methods to solve the Schroedinger equations of the systems concerned. We present some examples of successful predictions based on the nuclear cluster models of light nuclei and hypernuclei and on the calculation methods that have been developed by Kyushu group.

Kamimura, Masayasu [RIKEN Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako 351-0198 (Japan); Department of Physics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

127

FUEL ROD CLUSTERS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cluster of nuclear fuel rods and a tubular casing therefor through which a coolant flows in heat-exchange contact with the fuel rods is described. The fuel rcds are held in the casing by virtue of the compressive force exerted between longitudinal ribs of the fuel rcds and internal ribs of the casing or the internal surfaces thereof.

Schultz, A.B.

1959-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile Identify Employee Commuting Clusters for Greenhouse Gas Profile October 7, 2013 - 1:53pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 For evaluating a greenhouse gas profile for employee commuting, use survey data on employee home location and arrival/departure times to identify geographic areas to target for vanpool and carpool ride-matching efforts. Those who live in close proximity or en route to the workplace and with similar hours may be clustered to determine which locations might represent the best candidates for ride-share matching. As illustrated in Figure 1, areas with higher concentrations of employees that live farther from the worksite might be good candidate locations for targeted carpool and vanpool

129

WISE-cluster: clustering e-commerce search engines automatically  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a new approach to automatically clustering e-commerce search engines (ESEs) on the Web such that ESEs in the same cluster sell similar products. This allows an e-commerce metasearch engine (comparison shopping system) to be ... Keywords: document clustering, search engine categorization

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Cluster Persistence: a Discriminating Probe of Soap Froth Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The persistent decay of bubble clusters in coarsening two-dimensional soap froths is measured experimentally as a function of cluster volume fraction. Dramatically stronger decay is observed in comparison to soap froth models and to measurements and calculations of persistence in other systems. The fraction of individual bubbles that contain any persistent area also decays, implying significant bubble motion and suggesting that T1 processes play an important role in froth persistence.

W. Y. Tam; A. D. Rutenberg; B. P. Vollmayr-Lee; K. Y. Szeto

1999-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

Ensemble Clustering for Result Diversification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Ensemble Clustering for Result Diversification Dong Nguyen Human Media Interaction University of Twente d.nguyen@utwente.nl ...

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

132

The Assembly of Galaxy Clusters  

SciTech Connect

We study the formation of fifty-three galaxy cluster-size dark matter halos (M = 10{sup 14.0-14.76} M{sub {circle_dot}}) formed within a pair of cosmological {Lambda}CDM N-body simulations, and track the accretion histories of cluster subhalos with masses large enough to host {approx} 0.1L{sub *} galaxies. By associating subhalos with cluster galaxies, we find the majority of galaxies in clusters experience no 'pre-processing' in the group environment prior to their accretion into the cluster. On average, {approx} 70% of cluster galaxies fall into the cluster potential directly from the field, with no luminous companions in their host halos at the time of accretion; and less than {approx} 12% are accreted as members of groups with five or more galaxies. Moreover, we find that cluster galaxies are significantly less likely to have experienced a merger in the recent past ({approx}< 6 Gyr) than a field halo of the same mass. These results suggest that local, cluster processes like ram-pressure stripping, galaxy harassment, or strangulation play the dominant role in explaining the difference between cluster and field populations at a fixed stellar mass; and that pre-evolution or past merging in the group environment is of secondary importance for setting cluster galaxy properties for most clusters. The accretion times for z = 0 cluster members are quite extended, with {approx} 20% incorporated into the cluster halo more than 7 Gyr ago and {approx} 20% within the last 2 Gyr. By comparing the observed morphological fractions in cluster and field populations, we estimate an approximate time-scale for late-type to early-type transformation within the cluster environment to be {approx} 6 Gyr.

Berrier, Joel C.; Stewart, Kyle R.; Bullock, James S.; Purcell, Chris W.; Barton, Elizabeth J.; Wechsler, Risa H.

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

133

Radiological Areas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revision to Clearance Policy Associated with Recycle of Scrap Metals Originating from Revision to Clearance Policy Associated with Recycle of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological Areas On July 13, 2000, the Secretary of Energy imposed an agency-wide suspension on the unrestricted release of scrap metal originating from radiological areas at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities for the purpose of recycling. The suspension was imposed in response to concerns from the general public and industry groups about the potential effects of radioactivity in or on material released in accordance with requirements established in DOE Order 5400.5, Radiation Protection of the Public and Environment. The suspension was to remain in force until DOE developed and implemented improvements in, and better informed the public about, its release process. In addition, in 2001 the DOE announced its intention to prepare a

134

On distorted probabilities and m-separable fuzzy measures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuzzy measures are used in conjunction with fuzzy integrals for aggregation. Their role in the aggregation is to permit the user to express the importance of the information sources (either criteria or experts). Due to the fact that fuzzy measures are ... Keywords: Distorted probabilities, Fuzzy measures, m-Dimensional distorted probabilities, m-Symmetric fuzzy measures

Yasuo Narukawa; Vicenç Torra

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A new characterization of probabilities in Bayesian networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We characterize probabilities in Bayesian networks in terms of algebraic expressions called quasi-probabilities. These are arrived at by casting Bayesian networks as noisy AND-OR-NOT networks, and viewing the subnetworks that lead to a node as arguments ...

Lenhart K. Schubert

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A new method for estimating extreme rainfall probabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of an EPRI-funded research program, the Yankee Atomic Electric Company developed a new method for estimating probabilities of extreme rainfall. It can be used, along with other techniques, to improve the estimation of probable maximum precipitation values for specific basins or regions.

Harper, G.A.; O'Hara, T.F. (Yankee Atomic Electric Company, Bolton, MA (United States)); Morris, D.I. (Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Identification of probable real words: an entropy-based approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a method for identifying probable real words among out-of-vocabulary (OOV) words in text. The identification of real words is done based on entropy of probability of character trigrams as well as the morphological rules of English. ...

Youngja Park

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Probability Texas A&M, July 9-13. Nizar Demni Paris VI University July 10, 2007 Nizar Demni Paris VI University Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Pr #12;Definitions Non commutative probability space : Unital Algebra A + linear

Anshelevich, Michael

139

A New Method for Estimating Tropical Cyclone Wind Speed Probabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Hurricane Center (NHC) Hurricane Probability Program (HPP) was implemented in 1983 to estimate the probability that the center of a tropical cyclone would pass within 60 n mi of a set of specified points out to 72 h. Other than ...

Mark DeMaria; John A. Knaff; Richard Knabb; Chris Lauer; Charles R. Sampson; Robert T. DeMaria

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area (Redirected from New York Area - NY NJ CT PA) Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Products and Services in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Cooperative Transmission in a Wireless Cluster based on Flow Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a cooperative transmission design for a general multi-node half-duplex wireless cluster network is presented. It is assumed that the nodes operate in half-duplex mode and that channel information is available at the nodes. The proposed design involves solving a convex flow optimization problem on a graph that models the cluster network. A much simpler generalized-link selection protocol based on the above design is also presented. Both the proposed flow-optimized protocol and the generalized-link selection protocol are shown to achieve the optimal diversity-multiplexing tradeoff (DMT) for the cluster network. Moreover, simulation results are presented to quantify the gap between the performances of the proposed protocols and that of a max-flow-min-cut type bound, in terms of outage probability.

Chatterjee, Debdeep; Lok, Tat M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

The Assembly of Galaxy Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the formation of fifty-three galaxy cluster-size dark matter halos (M = 10{sup 14.0-14.76} M{sub {circle_dot}}) formed within a pair of cosmological {Lambda}CDM N-body simulations, and track the accretion histories of cluster subhalos with masses large enough to host {approx} 0.1L{sub *} galaxies. By associating subhalos with cluster galaxies, we find the majority of galaxies in clusters experience no 'pre-processing' in the group environment prior to their accretion into the cluster. On average, {approx} 70% of cluster galaxies fall into the cluster potential directly from the field, with no luminous companions in their host halos at the time of accretion; and less than {approx} 12% are accreted as members of groups with five or more galaxies. Moreover, we find that cluster galaxies are significantly less likely to have experienced a merger in the recent past ({approx}ram-pressure stripping, galaxy harassment, or strangulation play the dominant role in explaining the difference between cluster and field populations at a fixed stellar mass; and that pre-evolution or past merging in the group environment is of secondary importance for setting cluster galaxy properties for most clusters. The accretion times for z = 0 cluster members are quite extended, with {approx} 20% incorporated into the cluster halo more than 7 Gyr ago and {approx} 20% within the last 2 Gyr. By comparing the observed morphological fractions in cluster and field populations, we estimate an approximate time-scale for late-type to early-type transformation within the cluster environment to be {approx} 6 Gyr.

Berrier, Joel C.; Stewart, Kyle R.; Bullock, James S.; Purcell, Chris W.; Barton, Elizabeth J.; Wechsler, Risa H.

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

143

Hyperendemic malaria transmission in areas of occupation-related travel in the Peruvian Amazon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hyperendemic malaria transmission in areas of occupation-mathematically model malaria transmission [25] and confirmedE: Clustered local transmission and asymptomatic Plasmodium

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Age distribution of young clusters and field stars in the SMC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss the cluster and field star formation in the central part of the Small Magellanic Cloud. The main goal is to study the correlation between young objects and their interstellar environment. The ages of about 164 associations and 311 clusters younger than 1 Gyr are determined using isochrone fitting. The spatial distribution of the clusters is compared with the HI maps, with the HI velocity dispersion field, with the location of the CO clouds and with the distribution of young field stars. The cluster age distribution supports the idea that clusters formed in the last 1 Gyr of the SMC history in a roughly continuous way with periods of enhancements. The two super-shells 37A and 304A detected in the HI distribution are clearly visible in the age distribution of the clusters: an enhancement in the cluster formation rate has taken place from the epoch of the shell formation. A tight correlation between young clusters and the HI intensity is found. The degree of correlation is decreasing with the age of the clusters. Clusters older than 300 Myr are located away from the HI peaks. Clusters and associations younger than 10 Myr are related to the CO clouds in the SW region of the SMC disk. A positive correlation between the location of the young clusters and the velocity dispersion field of the atomic gas is derived only for the shell 304A, suggesting that the cloud-cloud collision is probably not the most important mechanism of cluster formation. Evidence of gravitational triggered episode due to the most recent close interaction between SMC and LMC is found both in the cluster and field star distribution.

E. Chiosi; A. Vallenari; E. V. Held; L. Rizzi; A. Moretti

2006-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

145

Cluster-Impact Fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report considers the theoretical interpretation of cluster-impact fusion (CIF). The proton energy spectrum of CIF shows it to be hot fusion on a microscopic atomic scale. The temperature of the reaction can be determined by the Doppler-like broadening of the 3.025 MeV proton line. The spectrum also indicates that the high temperature results from a one-dimensional rather than a three-dimensional velocity distribution.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Globular Cluster Distance Determinations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present status of the distance scale to Galactic globular clusters is reviewed. Six distance determination techniques which are deemed to be most reliable are discussed in depth. These different techniques are used to calibrate the absolute magnitude of the RR Lyrae stars. The various calibrations fall into three groups. Main sequence fitting using Hipparcos parallaxes, theoretical HB models and the RR Lyrae in the LMC all favor a bright calibration, implying a `long' globular cluster distance scale. White dwarf fitting and the astrometric distances yield a somewhat fainter RR Lyrae calibration, while the statistical parallax solution yields faint RR Lyrae stars implying a `short' distance scale to globular clusters. Various secondary distance indicators discussed all favor the long distance scale. The `long' and `short' distance scales differ by (0.31+/-0.16) mag. Averaging together all of the different distance determinations yields Mv(RR) = (0.23+/-0.04)([Fe/H] + 1.6) + (0.56+/-0.12) mag.

Brian Chaboyer

1998-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

147

White Dwarfs in Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review empirical and theoretical findings concerning white dwarfs in Galactic globular clusters. Since their detection is a critical issue we describe in detail the various efforts to find white dwarfs in globular clusters. We then outline the advantages of using cluster white dwarfs to investigate the formation and evolution of white dwarfs and concentrate on evolutionary channels that appear to be unique to globular clusters. We also discuss the usefulness of globular cluster white dwarfs to provide independent information on the distances and ages of globular clusters, information that is very important far beyond the immediate field of white dwarf research. Finally, we mention possible future avenues concerning globular cluster white dwarfs, like the study of strange quark matter or plasma neutrinos.

S. Moehler; G. Bono

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

148

Global survey of star clusters in the Milky Way I. The pipeline and fundamental parameters in the second quadrant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims: On the basis of the PPMXL star catalogue we performed a survey of star clusters in the second quadrant of the Milky Way. Methods: From the PPMXL catalogue of positions and proper motions we took the subset of stars with near-infrared photometry from 2MASS and added the remaining 2MASS stars without proper motions (called 2MAst, i.e. 2MASS with astrometry). We developed a data-processing pipeline including interactive human control of a standardised set of multi-dimensional diagrams to determine kinematic and photometric membership probabilities for stars in a cluster region. The pipeline simultaneously produced the astrophysical parameters of a cluster. From literature we compiled a target list of presently known open and globular clusters, cluster candidates, associations, and moving groups. From established member stars we derived spatial parameters (coordinates of centres and radii of the main morphological parts of clusters) and cluster kinematics (average proper motions and sometimes radial velocit...

Kharchenko, N V; Schilbach, E; Röser, S; Scholz, R -D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Products and Services in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

150

The Discrete Brier and Ranked Probability Skill Scores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Brier skill score (BSS) and the ranked probability skill score (RPSS) are widely used measures to describe the quality of categorical probabilistic forecasts. They quantify the extent to which a forecast strategy improves predictions with ...

Andreas P. Weigel; Mark A. Liniger; Christof Appenzeller

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Some Remarks on the Reliability of Categorical Probability Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies on forecast evaluation often rely on estimating limiting observed frequencies conditioned on specific forecast probabilities (the reliability diagram or calibration function). Obviously, statistical estimates of the calibration function ...

Jochen Bröcker

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Climatological Hurricane Landfall Probability for the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the historical record of hurricanes and tropical storms in the Atlantic Ocean basin to determine the eventual landfall probability for the U.S. coastline based on the complete tracks of those storms. The current method for ...

Brian Brettschneider

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A Probability Model for Verifying Deterministic Forecasts of Extreme Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article proposes a method for verifying deterministic forecasts of rare, extreme events defined by exceedance above a high threshold. A probability model for the joint distribution of forecasts and observations, and based on extreme-value ...

Christopher A. T. Ferro

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Soil Moisture Content: Statistical Estimation of Its Probability Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A stochastic model for the estimation of soil moisture distribution is derived. The series of daily precipitation amounts is described as a chain-dependent process and the surface water balance equation is simplified so that the probability ...

T. Faragó

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Effects of Tides on Maximum Tsunami Wave Heights: Probability Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theoretical study was carried out to understand how the probability distribution for maximum wave heights (?m) during tsunamis depends on the initial tsunami amplitude (A) and the tides. It was assumed that the total wave height is the linear ...

Harold O. Mofjeld; Frank I. González; Vasily V. Titov; Angie J. Venturato; Jean C. Newman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Multichannel Satellite Retrieval of Cloud Parameter Probability Distribution Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A retrieval method has been developed to directly retrieve statistics of cloud parameters from Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) visible and infrared imager data. This method retrieves cloud parameter probability density ...

Darren McKague; K. Franklin Evans

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

The Probability Distribution of Land Surface Wind Speeds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The probability density function (pdf) of land surface wind speeds is characterized using a global network of observations. Daytime surface wind speeds are shown to be broadly consistent with the Weibull distribution, while nighttime surface wind ...

Adam H. Monahan; Yanping He; Norman McFarlane; Aiguo Dai

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Success probabilities for universal unambiguous discriminators between unknown pure states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A universal programmable discriminator can perform the discrimination between two unknown states, and the optimal solution can be approached via the discrimination between the two averages over the uniformly distributed unknown input pure states, which has been widely discussed in previous works. In this paper, we consider the success probabilities of the optimal universal programmable unambiguous discriminators when applied to the pure input states. More precisely, the analytic results of the success probabilities are derived with the expressions of the optimal measurement operators for the universal discriminators and we find that the success probabilities have nothing to do with the dimension d while the amounts of the copies in the two program registers are equal. The success probability of programmable unambiguous discriminator can asymptoticly approach to that of usual unambiguous discrimination (state comparison) as the number of copies in program registers (data register) goes to infinity.

Tao Zhou

2013-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

159

Efficient probabilistic model checking of systems with ranged probabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a new technique to model check reachability properties on Interval Discrete-Time Markov Chains (IDTMC). We compute a sound over-approximation of the probabilities of satisfying a given property where the accuracy is characterized in terms ...

Khalil Ghorbal; Parasara Sridhar Duggirala; Vineet Kahlon; Franjo Ivan?i?; Aarti Gupta

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

A Model for Probability Nowcasts of Accumulated Precipitation Using Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new model for making probability forecasts of accumulated spot precipitation from weather radar data is presented. The model selects a source region upwind of the forecast spot. All pixels (horizontal size 2 × 2 km2) within the source region ...

Tage Andersson; Karl-Ivar Ivarsson

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

On the Probability and Spatial Distribution of Ocean Surface Currents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insights into the probability distribution of ocean currents are important for various applications such as the chance to encounter extreme events, which may affect, for example, marine construction, and for estimating the energy that can be ...

Yosef Ashkenazy; Hezi Gildor

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

The resonance absorption probability function for neutron and multiplicative integral  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The analytical approximations for the moderating neutrons flux density like Fermi spectra, widely used in reactor physics, involve the probability function for moderating neutron to avoid the resonant absorption obtained using some restrictive assumptions regarding the acceptable resonances width. By means of multiplicative integral (Volterra integral) theory for a commutative algebra an analytical expression for the probability function is obtained rigorously without any restrictive assumptions.

Rusov, V D; Kosenko, S I; Chernegenko, S A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The resonance absorption probability function for neutron and multiplicative integral  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The analytical approximations for the moderating neutrons flux density like Fermi spectra, widely used in reactor physics, involve the probability function for moderating neutron to avoid the resonant absorption obtained using some restrictive assumptions regarding the acceptable resonances width. By means of multiplicative integral (Volterra integral) theory for a commutative algebra an analytical expression for the probability function is obtained rigorously without any restrictive assumptions.

V. D. Rusov; V. A. Tarasov; S. I. Kosenko; S. A. Chernegenko

2012-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

164

Measuring Cluster Relaxedness  

SciTech Connect

When is a dark matter halo 'relaxed'? In our efforts to understand the structure of the universe, dark matter simulations have provided essential grounds for theoretical predictions. These simulations provide a wealth of ways of parameterizing and measuring the features of astronomical objects. It is these measurements on which we base comparisons of our world and our attempts to re-create it. One of the essential questions dark matter simulations help address is how dark matter halos evolve. How does one characterize different states of that evolution? The focus of this project is identifying cluster relaxedness and how it relates to the internal structure of the halo. A dark matter simulation consists of an N-body simulation which takes an initial set of positions and velocities of the dark matter particles and evolves them under the influence of gravity [6]. Though scientists have so far not been able to detect dark matter particles, the information from these simulations is still valuable especially given the relationship between dark matter halos and galaxy clusters. Galaxies sit within dark matter halos and recent evidence points to filaments of dark matter forming the framework on which galaxy clusters grow [7]. A dark matter halo is a collapsed group of gravitationally bound dark matter particles. Subsets of bound particles form subhalos or substructures. The dark matter simulation is carried out over time - with decreasing redshift (z) or increasing scale factor (a = 1/1+z ). (Thus, z = 0 or a = 1.0 is present-day.) The merger history of a halo can be represented pictorally by a merger tree. A major merger event occurs when a structure joins the main halo with the mass ratio between it and the main halo being above a certain threshold. These events mark important points in the halo's evolution. And it is at these events that one hopes, and perhaps is more likely, to relate measures of relaxedness to this mass accretion. Cluster relaxedness is not a well-defined concept. Rather a set of qualities are defined that one expects a 'relaxed' cluster to have. One expects a relaxed halo to have a roughly isotropic density distribution. Most of the particles should be part of the main halo rather than bound in substructures. Taking into account kinematic information of the halo, one does not expect a proportion of the particles energy in kinetic energy that goes far beyond virial equilibrium. With our measures of cluster relaxedness, we want to investigate its relationship to these major merger events. We'll first look at how measurements of different aspects of relaxedness relate to each other and to other aspects of a halo's internal structure. We'll then look at how these measurements behave in response to major mergers.

Moreland, Blythe; /Michigan U. /SLAC

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

165

Are Earthquake Magnitudes Clustered?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question of earthquake predictability is a long-standing and important challenge. Recent results [Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 098501 (2007); ibid.100, 038501 (2008)] have suggested that earthquake magnitudes are clustered, thus indicating that they are not independent in contrast to what is typically assumed. Here, we present evidence that the observed magnitude correlations are to a large extent, if not entirely, an artifact due to the incompleteness of earthquake catalogs and the well-known modified Omori law. The latter leads to variations in the frequency-magnitude distribution if the distribution is constrained to those earthquakes that are close in space and time to the directly following event.

Davidsen, Joern; Green, Adam [Complexity Science Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada)

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

166

Energy efficient prediction clustering algorithm for multilevel heterogeneous wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In designing wireless sensor networks, it is important to reduce energy dissipation and prolong network lifetime. In this paper, a new model with energy and monitored objects heterogeneity is proposed for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks. We put forward an energy-efficient prediction clustering algorithm, which is adaptive to the heterogeneous model. This algorithm enables the nodes to select the cluster head according to factors such as energy and communication cost, thus the nodes with higher residual energy have higher probability to become a cluster head than those with lower residual energy, so that the network energy can be dissipated uniformly. In order to reduce energy consumption when broadcasting in clustering phase and prolong network lifetime, an energy consumption prediction model is established for regular data acquisition nodes. Simulation results show that compared with current clustering algorithms, this algorithm can achieve longer sensor network lifetime, higher energy efficiency and ...

Liu, Tang; Yang, Jin; Wang, Chunli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

SIZES OF GALACTIC GLOBULAR CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

A study is made of deviations from the mean power-law relationship between the Galactocentric distances and the half-light radii of Galactic globular clusters. Surprisingly, deviations from the mean R{sub h} versus R{sub gc} relationship do not appear to correlate with cluster luminosity, cluster metallicity, or horizontal-branch morphology. Differences in orbit shape are found to contribute to the scatter in the R{sub h} versus R{sub gc} relationship of Galactic globular clusters.

Van den Bergh, Sidney, E-mail: sidney.vandenbergh@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca [Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC, V9E 2E7 (Canada)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

168

Two-Cluster Distribution Functions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cluster Distribution Functions New New: Green's function Monte Carlo results We have computed momentum distributions and configuration space overlaps in a number of systems,...

169

STAR CLUSTERS IN THE TIDAL TAILS OF INTERACTING GALAXIES: CLUSTER POPULATIONS ACROSS A VARIETY OF TAIL ENVIRONMENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have searched for compact stellar structures within 17 tidal tails in 13 different interacting galaxies using F606W- and F814W-band images from the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 on the Hubble Space Telescope. The sample of tidal tails includes a diverse population of optical properties, merging galaxy mass ratios, H I content, and ages. Combining our tail sample with Knierman et al., we find evidence of star clusters formed in situ with M{sub V} < -8.5 and V - I < 2.0 in 10 of 23 tidal tails; we are able to identify cluster candidates to M{sub V} = -6.5 in the closest tails. Three tails offer clear examples of 'beads on a string' star formation morphology in V - I color maps. Two tails present both tidal dwarf galaxy candidates and cluster candidates. Statistical diagnostics indicate that clusters in tidal tails may be drawn from the same power-law luminosity functions (with logarithmic slopes {approx}-2 to -2.5) found in quiescent spiral galaxies and interiors of interacting systems. We find that the tail regions with the largest number of observable clusters are relatively young ({approx}<250 Myr old) and bright (V {approx}< 24 mag arcsec{sup -2}), probably attributed to the strong bursts of star formation in interacting systems soon after periapse. Otherwise, we find no statistical difference between cluster-rich and cluster-poor tails in terms of many observable characteristics, though this analysis suffers from complex, unresolved gas dynamics and projection effects.

Mullan, B.; Konstantopoulos, I. S.; Lee, K. H.; Charlton, J. C.; Gronwall, C.; Hunsberger, S.; Palma, C. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16803 (United States); Kepley, A. A.; Johnson, K. E. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Knierman, K. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Bateman Physical Sciences Center, Arizona State University, F-wing Room 686, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404 (United States); Bastian, N. [School of Physics, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QL (United Kingdom); Chandar, R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States); Durrell, P. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH 44555 (United States); Elmegreen, D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vassar College, Box 745, Poughkeepsie, NY 12604 (United States); English, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2 (Canada); Gallagher, S. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond Street, London, Ontario, N6A 3K7 (Canada); Hibbard, J. E. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903-2475 (United States); Maybhate, A. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Trancho, G. [Gemini Observatory, Casilla 603, Colina el Pino S/N, La Serena (Chile); Vacca, W. D., E-mail: mullan@astro.psu.edu [Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy/Universities Space Research Association, NASA Ames Research Center, MS 144-2, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

170

CCD uvbyHbeta Photometry in Clusters: I. The Open Cluster Standard, IC 4651  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CCD photometry of the intermediate-age open cluster, IC 4651, on the uvbyHbeta system is presented and analyzed. By using a combination of the information from the color-magnitude diagram (CMD) and the color-color diagrams, a sample of 98 highly probable main sequence cluster members with high photometric accuracy is isolated. From this sample, adopting the intrinsic color relation of Olsen (1988), E(b-y) = 0.062 +/- 0.003 and [Fe/H] = +0.077 +/- 0.012, where the errors quoted are the standard errors of the mean and refer to the internal errors alone. Use of the Nissen (1988) intrinsic color relation produces E(b-y) = 0.071 and [Fe/H] = +0.115. Adopting the lower reddening, a direct main-sequence fit to the Hyades with (m-M) = 3.33 leads to (m-M) = 10.15, while isochrones with convective overshoot and zeroed to the Hyades produce an age of 1.7 +/- 0.1 Gyr, with an excellent match to the morphology of the turnoff. The higher reddening produces (m-M) = 10.3 and an age lower by 0.1 Gyr. Comparison with the CMD of NGC 3680 shows that the two clusters have virtually identical morphology which, in combination with their similar compositions, produces identical ages. Coincidentally, the shifts in the CMD necessary to superpose the two clusters require that the apparent moduli of IC 4651 and NGC 3680 be the same, while E(b-y)(4651) = E(b-y)(3680) + 0.04.

B. J. Anthony-Twarog; B. A. Twarog

1999-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

171

Some Applications of the Fractional Poisson Probability Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical and mathematical applications of fractional Poisson probability distribution have been presented. As a physical application, a new family of quantum coherent states has been introduced and studied. As mathematical applications, we have discovered and developed the fractional generalization of Bell polynomials, Bell numbers, and Stirling numbers. Appearance of fractional Bell polynomials is natural if one evaluates the diagonal matrix element of the evolution operator in the basis of newly introduced quantum coherent states. Fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind have been applied to evaluate skewness and kurtosis of the fractional Poisson probability distribution function. A new representation of Bernoulli numbers in terms of fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind has been obtained. A representation of Schlafli polynomials in terms of fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind has been found. A new representations of Mittag-Leffler function involving fractional Bell polynomials and fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind have been discovered. Fractional Stirling numbers of the first kind have been introduced and studied. Two new polynomial sequences associated with fractional Poisson probability distribution have been launched and explored. The relationship between new polynomials and the orthogonal Charlier polynomials has also been investigated. In the limit case when the fractional Poisson probability distribution becomes the Poisson probability distribution, all of the above listed developments and implementations turn into the well-known results of quantum optics, the theory of combinatorial numbers and the theory of orthogonal polynomials of discrete variable.

Nick Laskin

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

172

Selection of minimum earthquake intensity in calculating pipe failure probabilities  

SciTech Connect

In a piping reliability analysis, it is sometimes necessary to specify a minimum ground motion intensity, usually the peak acceleration, below which the ground motions are not considered as earthquakes and, hence, are neglected. The calculated probability of failure of a piping system is dependent on this selected minimum earthquake intensity chosen for the analysis. A study was conducted to determine the effects of the minimum earthquake intensity on the probability of pipe failure. The results indicated that the probability of failure of the piping system is not very sensitive to the variations of the selected minimum peak ground acceleration. However, it does have significant effects on various scenarios that make up the system failure.

Lo, T.Y.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Generating Probability Distributions using Multivalued Stochastic Relay Circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of random number generation dates back to von Neumann's work in 1951. Since then, many algorithms have been developed for generating unbiased bits from complex correlated sources as well as for generating arbitrary distributions from unbiased bits. An equally interesting, but less studied aspect is the structural component of random number generation as opposed to the algorithmic aspect. That is, given a network structure imposed by nature or physical devices, how can we build networks that generate arbitrary probability distributions in an optimal way? In this paper, we study the generation of arbitrary probability distributions in multivalued relay circuits, a generalization in which relays can take on any of N states and the logical 'and' and 'or' are replaced with 'min' and 'max' respectively. Previous work was done on two-state relays. We generalize these results, describing a duality property and networks that generate arbitrary rational probability distributions. We prove that these network...

Lee, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Helicity Probabilities For Heavy Quark Fragmentation Into Excited Mesons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the fragmentation of a heavy quark into a heavy meson whose light degrees of freedom have angular momentum $3/2$, all the helicity probabilities are completely determined in the heavy quark limit up to a single probability $w_{3/2}$. We point out that this probability depends on the longitudinal momentum fraction $z$ of the meson and on its transverse momentum $p_\\bot$ relative to the jet axis. We calculate $w_{3/2}$ as a function of scaling variables corresponding to $z$ and $p_\\bot$ for the heavy quark limit of the perturbative QCD fragmentation functions for $b$ quark to fragment into $(b \\bar c)$ mesons. In this model, the light degrees of freedom prefer to have their angular momentum aligned transverse to, rather than along, the jet axis. Implications for the production of excited heavy mesons, like $D^{**}$ and $B^{**}$, are discussed.

Tzu Chiang Yuan

1994-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

175

Beable-Guided Quantum Theories: Generalising Quantum Probability Laws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the idea of a {\\it beable-guided quantum theory}. Beable-guided quantum theories (BGQT) are generalisations of quantum theory, inspired by Bell's concept of beables. They modify the quantum probabilities for some specified set of fundamental events, histories, or other elements of quasiclassical reality by probability laws that depend on the realised configuration of beables. For example, they may define an additional probability weight factor for a beable configuration, independent of the quantum dynamics. BGQT can be fitted to observational data to provide foils against which to compare explanations based on standard quantum theory. For example, a BGQT could, in principle, characterise the effects attributed to dark energy or dark matter, or any other deviation from the predictions of standard quantum dynamics, without introducing extra fields or a cosmological constant. The complexity of the beable-guided theory would then parametrise how far we are from a standard quantum explanation. Less co...

Kent, Adrian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Query clustering using user logs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Query clustering is a process used to discover frequently asked questions or most popular topics on a search engine. This process is crucial for search engines based on question-answering. Because of the short lengths of queries, approaches based on ... Keywords: Query clustering, search engine, user log, web data mining

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Antibody-gold cluster conjugates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Antibody- or antibody fragment-gold cluster conjugates are shown wherein the conjugate size can be about 5.0 nm. Methods and reagents are disclosed in which antibodies or Fab' fragments thereof are covalently bound to a stable cluster of gold atoms. 2 figs.

Hainfeld, J.F.

1988-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

178

Forecasting distribution system loads using curve shape clustering  

SciTech Connect

Trending using curve fitting to past small area load growth is an economical but not highly accurate method of forecasting loads for distribution planning. A new trending method uses clustering of historical load at the small area level as the forecast algorithm. This new method has significant performance advantages over normal curve fit methods and can be implemented in 16 bit integer arithmetic on most computers. The method and test results are discussed in detail.

Willis, H.L.; Northcote-Green, J.E.D.; Schauer, A.E.; Vismor, T.D.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

An Experiment in Mesoscale Weather Forecasting in the Michigan Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During an experiment in mesoscale weather forecasting in the Michigan area, consensus improved over NWS guidance in maximum/minimum temperature and probability of precipitation forecasts out to 24 hours. Forecasts were generally best in the ...

Dennis G. Baker

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Pose-Based Clustering in Action Sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented for automatically extracting key frames from an image sequence. The sequence is divided into clusters of frames with similar appearance, and the most central frame in each cluster defines a key frame. Clustering is done using ...

Gareth Loy; Josephine Sullivan; Stefan Carlsson

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

On challenges in evaluating malware clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Malware clustering and classification are important tools that enable analysts to prioritize their malware analysis efforts. The recent emergence of fully automated methods for malware clustering and classification that report high accuracy suggests ... Keywords: malware clustering and classification, plagiarism detection

Peng Li; Limin Liu; Debin Gao; Michael K. Reiter

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

An Objective Algorithm for Detecting and Tracking Tropical Cloud Clusters: Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm to detect and track global tropical cloud clusters (TCCs) is presented. TCCs are organized large areas of convection that form over warm tropical waters. TCCs are important because they are the “seedlings” that can evolve into ...

Christopher C. Hennon; Charles N. Helms; Kenneth R. Knapp; Amanda R. Bowen

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Cluster Analysis of Hourly Wind Measurements to Reveal Synoptic Regimes Affecting Air Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A clustering algorithm is developed to study hourly, ground-level wind measurements obtained from a network of monitoring stations positioned throughout the San Francisco Bay Area of California. A statistical model based on principal components ...

Scott Beaver; Ahmet Palazoglu

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Verification of The Weather Channel Probability of Precipitation Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Weather Channel (TWC) is a leading provider of weather information to the general public. In this paper the reliability of their probability of precipitation (PoP) forecasts over a 14-month period at 42 locations across the United States is ...

J. Eric Bickel; Seong Dae Kim

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Spin flip probability of electron in a uniform magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

The probability that an electromagnetic wave can flip the spin of an electron is calculated. It is assumed that the electron resides in a uniform magnetic field and interacts with an incoming electromagnetic pulse. The scattering matrix is constructed and the time needed to flip the spin is calculated.

Hammond, Richard T. [Department of Physics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina and Army Research Office, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27703 (United States)

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

186

Calculating the probability of injected carbon dioxide plumes encountering faults  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the main concerns of storage in saline aquifers is leakage via faults. In the early stages of site selection, site-specific fault coverages are often not available for these aquifers. This necessitates a method using available fault data to estimate the probability of injected carbon dioxide encountering and migrating up a fault. The probability of encounter can be calculated from areal fault density statistics from available data, and carbon dioxide plume dimensions from numerical simulation. Given a number of assumptions, the dimension of the plume perpendicular to a fault times the areal density of faults with offsets greater than some threshold of interest provides probability of the plume encountering such a fault. Application of this result to a previously planned large-scale pilot injection in the southern portion of the San Joaquin Basin yielded a 3% and 7% chance of the plume encountering a fully and half seal offsetting fault, respectively. Subsequently available data indicated a half seal-offsetting fault at a distance from the injection well that implied a 20% probability of encounter for a plume sufficiently large to reach it.

Jordan, P.D.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

The Emergence and Interpretation of Probability in Bohmian Mechanics1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Emergence and Interpretation of Probability in Bohmian Mechanics1 The Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics is capable of illustrating, by itself, virtually every philosophical and foundational comes in many forms, both stochastic and deterministic. The other reason is that quantum mechanics

Callender, Craig

188

Probability around the Quantum Gravity. Part 1: Planar Pure Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probability around the Quantum Gravity. Part 1: Planar Pure Gravity V.A.Malyshev \\Lambda September 17, 1998 Abstract In this paper we study stochastic dynamics which leaves quantum gravity equilibrium science and biology. At the same time the paper can serve an intro­ duction to quantum gravity

189

Minimizing the Probability of Ruin when Consumption is Ratcheted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We assume that an agent's rate of consumption is {\\it ratcheted}; that is, it forms a non-decreasing process. Given the rate of consumption, we act as financial advisers and find the optimal investment strategy for the agent who wishes to minimize his probability of ruin.

Bayraktar, Erhan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Digital Dice: Computational Solutions to Practical Probability Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some probability problems are so difficult that they stump the smartest mathematicians. But even the hardest of these problems can often be solved with a computer and a Monte Carlo simulation, in which a random-number generator simulates a physical process, ...

Paul J. Nahin

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Probability Distribution of Curvatures of Isosurfaces in Gaussian Random Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An expression for the joint probability distribution of the principal curvatures at an arbitrary point in the ensemble of isosurfaces defined on isotropic Gaussian random fields on Rn is derived. The result is obtained by deriving symmetry properties of the ensemble of second derivative matrices of isotropic Gaussian random fields akin to those of the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble.

Paulo R. S. Mendonca; Rahul Bhotika; James V. Miller

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

192

INTRACLUSTER MEDIUM OF THE MERGING CLUSTER A3395  

SciTech Connect

We present a detailed imaging and spectral analysis of the merging environment of the bimodal cluster A3395 using X-ray and radio observations. X-ray images of the cluster show five main constituents of diffuse emission: A3395 NE, A3395 SW, A3395 NW, A3395 W, and a filament connecting NE to W. X-ray surface brightness profiles of the cluster did not show any shock fronts in the cluster. Temperature and entropy maps show high-temperature and high-entropy regions in the W, the NW, the filament, and between the NE and SW subclusters. The NE, SW, and W components have X-ray bolometric luminosities similar to those of rich clusters of galaxies but have relatively higher temperatures. Similarly, the NW component has X-ray bolometric luminosity similar to that of isolated groups but with much higher temperature. It is, therefore, possible that all the components of the cluster have been heated by the ongoing mergers. The NE subcluster is the most massive and luminous constituent and other subclusters are found to be gravitationally bound to it. The W component is most probably either a clump of gas stripped off the SW due to ram pressure or a separate subcluster that has merged or is merging with the SW. No X-ray cavities are seen associated with the wide-angle-tailed (WAT) radio source near the center of the SW subcluster. Minimum energy pressure in the radio emission peaks of the WAT galaxy is comparable with the external thermal pressure. The radio spectrum of the WAT suggests a spectral age of {approx}10 Myr.

Lakhchaura, Kiran; Singh, K. P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 1 Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India); Saikia, D. J. [National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune University Campus, Pune 411007 (India); Hunstead, R. W., E-mail: kiran_astro@tifr.res.in [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

193

Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy SHARE Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy As the nation's premier research laboratory, ORNL is one of the world's most capable resources...

194

Canaries in a Coal Mine: Using Globular Clusters to Place Limits on Massive Black Holes in the Galactic Halo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the possibility that massive black holes comprise a significant fraction of the dark matter of our galaxy by studying the dissolution of galactic globular clusters bombarded by them. In our simulations, we evolve the clusters along a sequence of King models determined by changes of state resulting from collisions with the black holes. The results divide naturally into regimes of `small' and `large' black hole mass. `Small' black holes do not destroy clusters in single collisions; their effect is primarily cumulative, leading to a relation between $\\mbh$ and $\\fhalo$, the fraction of the halo in black holes of mass $\\mbh$, which is $\\fhalo\\mbh < $ constant (up to logarithmic corrections). For $\\fhalo=1$, we find $\\mbh \\simless 10^{3} \\msun$ by requiring survival of the same clusters studied by Moore (1993), who neglected cluster evolution, mass loss, and stochasticity of energy inputs in his estimates, but reached a similar conclusion. `Large' black holes may not penetrate a cluster without disrupting it; their effect is mainly catastrophic (close collisions), but also partly cumulative (distant collisions). In the large $\\mbh$ limit, $\\fhalo$ (but not $\\mbh$) can be constrained by computing the probability that a cluster survives a combination of close, destructive encounters and distant, nondestructive encounters. We find that it is unlikely that $\\fhalo \\simgreat 0.3$ by requiring 50 per cent survival probability for Moore's clusters over $10^{10}$ years.

Phil Arras; Ira Wasserman

1998-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

195

Orientations of very faint galaxies in the Coma cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have then searched for preferential orientations of faint galaxies in the Coma cluster (down I_Vega~-11.5). By applying a deconvolution method to deep u* and I band images of the Coma cluster, we were able to recover orientations down to faint magnitudes. No preferential orientations are found in more than 95% of the cluster, and the brighter the galaxies, the fewer preferential orientations. The minor axes of late type galaxies are radially oriented along a northeast -southwest direction and are oriented north-south in the western X-ray sub- structures. For early type galaxies, in the western regions showing significant preferential orientations, galaxy major axes are oriented perpendicularly to the north-south direction. In the eastern significant region and close to NGC 4889, galaxy major axes also point toward the 2 cluster dominant galaxies. In the southern significant regions, galaxy planes are tangential with respect to the clustercentric direction, except close to (alpha=194.8, delta=27.65) where the orientation is close to -15deg. Part of the orientations of the minor axes of late type galaxies and of the major axes of early type galaxies can be explained by a tidal torque model applied to cosmological filaments and local merging directions. Another part (close to NGC4889) can be accounted for by collimated infalls. For early type galaxies, the (alpha=194.8, delta=27.65) region shows orientations that probably result from processes involving induced star formation.

C. Adami; R. Gavazzi; J. C. Cuillandre; F. Durret; O. Ilbert; A. Mazure; R. Pello; M. P. Ulmer

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

196

Dust cluster explosion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model for the dust cluster explosion where micron/sub-micron sized particles are accelerated at the expense of plasma thermal energy, in the afterglow phase of a complex plasma discharge is proposed. The model is tested by molecular dynamics simulations of dust particles in a confining potential. The nature of the explosion (caused by switching off the discharge) and the concomitant dust acceleration is found to depend critically on the pressure of the background neutral gas. At low gas pressure, the explosion is due to unshielded Coulomb repulsion between dust particles and yields maximum acceleration, while in the high pressure regime it is due to shielded Yukawa repulsion and yields much feebler acceleration. These results are in agreement with experimental findings. Our simulations also confirm a recently proposed electrostatic (ES) isothermal scaling relation, P{sub E}{proportional_to}V{sub d}{sup -2} (where P{sub E} is the ES pressure of the dust particles and V{sub d} is the confining volume).

Saxena, Vikrant [School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar (India); Avinash, K. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, New Delhi (India); Sen, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar (India)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Clusters and the Cosmic Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the intimate relationship between the filamentary features and the rare dense compact cluster nodes in this network, via the large scale tidal field going along with them, following the cosmic web theory developed Bond et al. The Megaparsec scale tidal shear pattern is responsible for the contraction of matter into filaments, and its link with the cluster locations can be understood through the implied quadrupolar mass distribution in which the clusters are to be found at the sites of the overdense patches. We present a new technique for tracing the cosmic web, identifying planar walls, elongated filaments and cluster nodes in the galaxy distribution. This will allow the practical exploitation of the concept of the cosmic web towards identifying and tracing the locations of the gaseous WHIM. These methods, the Delaunay Tessellation Field Estimator (DTFE) and the Morphology Multiscale Filter (MMF) find their basis in computational geometry and visualization.

Rien van de Weygaert

2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

198

Probability based load combinations for design of category I structures  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses a reliability analysis method and a procedure for developing the load combination design criteria for category I structures. For safety evaluation of category I concrete structures under various static and dynamic loads, a probability-based reliability analysis method has been developed. This reliability analysis method is also used as a tool for determining the load factors for design of category I structures. In this paper, the load combinations for design of concrete containments, corresponding to a target limit state probability of 1.0 x 10/sup -6/ in 4 years, are described. A comparison of containments designed using the ASME code and the proposed design criteria is also presented.

Reich, M.; Hwang, H.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Computable randomness and betting for computable probability spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unlike Martin-L\\"of randomness and Schnorr randomness, computable randomness has not been defined, except for a few ad hoc cases, outside of Cantor space. This paper offers such a definition (actually, many equivalent definitions), and further, provides a general method for abstracting "bit-wise" definitions of randomness from Cantor space to arbitrary computable probability spaces. This same method is also applied to give machine characterizations of computable and Schnorr randomness for computable probability spaces, extending the previous known results. This paper also addresses "Schnorr's Critique" that gambling characterizations of Martin-L\\"of randomness are not computable enough. The paper contains a new type of randomness---endomorphism randomness---which the author hopes will shed light on the open question of whether Kolmogorov-Loveland randomness is equivalent to Martin-L\\"of randomness. It ends with other possible applications of the methods presented, including a possible definition of computable...

Rute, Jason

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The probability of long cycles in interchange processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the number of cycles of length k in a permutation, as a function on the symmetric group. We write it explicitly as a combination of characters of irreducible representations. This allows to study formation of long cycles in the interchange process, including a precise formula for the probability that the permutation is one long cycle at a given time t, and estimates for the cases of shorter cycles.

Alon, Gil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Dynamical probability, particle trajectories and completion of traditional quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maintaining the position that the wave function $\\psi$ provides a complete description of state, the traditional formalism of quantum mechanics is augmented by introducing continuous trajectories for particles which are sample paths of a stochastic process determined (including the underlying probability space) by $\\psi$. In the resulting formalism, problems relating to measurements and objective reality are solved as in Bohmian mechanics (without sharing its weak points). The pitfalls of Nelson's stochastic mechanics are also avoided.

Tulsi Dass

2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

202

Evaluations of Structural Failure Probabilities and Candidate Inservice Inspection Programs  

SciTech Connect

The work described in this report applies probabilistic structural mechanics models to predict the reliability of nuclear pressure boundary components. These same models are then applied to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative programs for inservice inspection to reduce these failure probabilities. Results of the calculations support the development and implementation of risk-informed inservice inspection of piping and vessels. Studies have specifically addressed the potential benefits of ultrasonic inspections to reduce failure probabilities associated with fatigue crack growth and stress-corrosion cracking. Parametric calculations were performed with the computer code pc-PRAISE to generate an extensive set of plots to cover a wide range of pipe wall thicknesses, cyclic operating stresses, and inspection strategies. The studies have also addressed critical inputs to fracture mechanics calculations such as the parameters that characterize the number and sizes of fabrication flaws in piping welds. Other calculations quantify uncertainties associated with the inputs calculations, the uncertainties in the fracture mechanics models, and the uncertainties in the resulting calculated failure probabilities. A final set of calculations address the effects of flaw sizing errors on the effectiveness of inservice inspection programs.

Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Simonen, Fredric A.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Dimension-Independent Positive-Partial-Transpose Probability Ratios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We conduct quasi-Monte Carlo numerical integrations in two very high (80 and 79)-dimensional domains -- the parameter spaces of rank-9 and rank-8 qutrit-qutrit (9 x 9) density matrices. We, then, estimate the ratio of the probability -- in terms of the Hilbert-Schmidt metric -- that a generic rank-9 density matrix has a positive partial transpose (PPT) to the probability that a generic rank-8 density matrix has a PPT (a precondition to separability/nonentanglement). Close examination of the numerical results generated -- despite certain large fluctuations -- indicates that the true ratio may, in fact, be 2. Our earlier investigation (eprint quant-ph/0410238) also yielded estimates close to 2 of the comparable ratios for qubit-qubit and qubit-qutrit pairs (the only two cases where the PPT condition fully implies separability). Therefore, it merits conjecturing (as Zyczkowski was the first to do) that such Hilbert-Schmidt (rank-NM/rank-(NM-1)) PPT probability ratios are 2 for all NM-dimensional quantum systems.

Paul B. Slater

2005-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

204

What is the probability that radiation caused a particular cancer  

SciTech Connect

Courts, lawyers, health physicists, physicians, and others are searching for a credible answer to the question posed in the title of this paper. The cases in which the question arises frequently stem from an individual that has cancer and they, or their next-of-kin, are convinced that a past radiation exposure - usually small - is responsible for causing it. An arithmetic expression of this problem is simple: the probability of causation by the radiation dose in question is equal to the risk of cancer from the radiation dose divided by the risk of cancer from all causes. The application of risk factors to this equation is not so simple. It must involve careful evaluation of the reliability of and variations in risk coefficients for development of cancer due to radiation exposure, other carcinogenic agents, and natural causes for the particular individual. Examination of our knowledge of these various factors indicates that a large range in the answers can result due to the variability and imprecision of the data. Nevertheless, the attempts to calculate and the probability that radiation caused the cancer is extremely useful to provide a gross perspective on the probability of causation. It will likely rule in or out a significant number of cases despite the limitations in our understandings of the etiology of cancer and the risks from various factors. For the remaining cases, a thoughtful and educated judgment based on selected data and circumstances of the case will also be needed before the expert can develop and support his opinion.

Voelz, G.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Automatic decentralized clustering for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a decentralized algorithm for organizing an ad hoc sensor network into clusters. Each sensor uses a random waiting timer and local criteria to determine whether to form a new cluster or to join a current cluster. The algorithm operates without ... Keywords: clustering algorithm, random waiting timer, wireless sensor networks

Chih-Yu Wen; William A. Sethares

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Navigating massive data sets via local clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a scalable method for feature extraction and navigation of large data sets by means of local clustering, where clusters are modeled as overlapping neighborhoods. Under the model, intra-cluster association and external differentiation ... Keywords: association, confidence, nearest neighbor, soft clustering

Michael E. Houle

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Down syndrome clusters in Germany after the Chernobyl accident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In two independent studies using different approaches and covering West Berlin and Bavaria, respectively, highly significant temporal clusters of Down syndrome were found. Both sharp increases occurred in areas receiving relatively low Chernobyl fallout and concomitant radiation exposures. Only for the Berlin cluster was fallout present at the time of the affected meiosis, whereas the Nuremberg cluster preceded the radioactive contamination by 1 month. Hypotheses on possible causal relationships are compared. Radiation from the Chernobyl accident is an unlikely factor, because the associated cumulative dose was so low in comparison with natural background. Microdosimetric considerations would indicate that fewer than 1 in 200 oocyte nuclei would have experienced an ionizing event from Chernobyl radioactivity. Given the lack of understanding of what causes Down syndrome, other than factors associated with increased maternal age, additional research into environmental and infectious risk factors is warranted. 23 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Burkart, W.; Grosche, B.; Schoetzau, A. [Institute for Radiation Hygiene, Oberschleissheim (Germany)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Northern Colorado Clean Energy Cluster | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Cluster Energy Cluster Jump to: navigation, search Name Northern Colorado Clean Energy Cluster Place Denver, Colorado Zip 80202 Region Rockies Area Notes Business-led, project-oriented group of regional partners seeking to have a global impact Website http://www.nccleanenergy.com/ Coordinates 39.7541032°, -105.0002242° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7541032,"lon":-105.0002242,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

209

GAMMA RAYS FROM STAR FORMATION IN CLUSTERS OF GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

Star formation in galaxies is observed to be associated with gamma-ray emission, presumably from non-thermal processes connected to the acceleration of cosmic-ray nuclei and electrons. The detection of gamma rays from starburst galaxies by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) has allowed the determination of a functional relationship between star formation rate and gamma-ray luminosity. Since star formation is known to scale with total infrared (8-1000 {mu}m) and radio (1.4 GHz) luminosity, the observed infrared and radio emission from a star-forming galaxy can be used to quantitatively infer the galaxy's gamma-ray luminosity. Similarly, star-forming galaxies within galaxy clusters allow us to derive lower limits on the gamma-ray emission from clusters, which have not yet been conclusively detected in gamma rays. In this study, we apply the functional relationships between gamma-ray luminosity and radio and IR luminosities of galaxies derived by the Fermi Collaboration to a sample of the best candidate galaxy clusters for detection in gamma rays in order to place lower limits on the gamma-ray emission associated with star formation in galaxy clusters. We find that several clusters have predicted gamma-ray emission from star formation that are within an order of magnitude of the upper limits derived in Ackermann et al. based on non-detection by Fermi-LAT. Given the current gamma-ray limits, star formation likely plays a significant role in the gamma-ray emission in some clusters, especially those with cool cores. We predict that both Fermi-LAT over the course of its lifetime and the future Cerenkov Telescope Array will be able to detect gamma-ray emission from star-forming galaxies in clusters.

Storm, Emma M.; Jeltema, Tesla E.; Profumo, Stefano [Department of Physics, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

210

Principal Modes of Variation of Rain-Rate Probability Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar or satellite observations of an area generate sequences of rain-rate maps. From a gridded map a histogram of rain rates can be obtained representing the relative areas occupied by rain rates of various strengths. The histograms vary with ...

Thomas L. Bell; R. Suhasini

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Variable stars in the field of the open cluster NGC 7789  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of our search for variable stars in the intermediate-age open cluster NGC 7789. We have found 45 variable stars: 35 eclipsing binaries, five pulsating variables and five miscellaneous variables. Most of the eclipsing binaries show W UMa type of variability, with periods shorter than one day. Four systems exhibit unusual behavior: two, V4276 and V6698, are probably RS CVn stars, another, V3283, is a possible cataclysmic binary. The nature of the fourth binary, V2130, is unclear: the system exhibits assymetric maxima. Among the pulsating variables two, V3407C and V4805 are background RR Lyrae stars and one, V6736, is a delta Scuti variable which is a blue straggler belonging to the cluster. Some of the miscellaneous variables may have periods longer than the five day timespan of our observations. We also present a color-magnitude diagram for the NGC 7789 open cluster, fairly complete down to V ~ 20. The relatively large number of variables found in the comparison field (14 compared to 31 in the cluster field) implies that objects not associated physically with the cluster can account for a significant number of variables identified in the cluster field, as well as in other globular and open clusters observed on a dense background/foreground of disk stars.

B. J. Mochejska; J. Kaluzny

1999-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

212

Discovery of a New Low-Latitude Milky Way Globular Cluster using GLIMPSE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spitzer Space Telescope imaging as part of the Galactic Legacy Mid-Plane Survey Extraordinaire (GLIMPSE) reveals a previously unidentified low-latitude rich star cluster near l=31.3 degrees, b=-0.1 degrees. Near-infrared JHK' photometry from the Wyoming Infrared Observatory indicates an extinction of A_V ~ 15+/-3 mag for cluster members. Analysis of 13CO features along the same sightline suggests a probable kinematic distance of 3.1 -- 5.2 kpc. The new cluster has an angular diameter of ~1-2 pc, a total magnitude m_{K_0}=2.1 corrected for extinction, and a luminosity of M_K ~ -10.3 at 3.1 kpc. In contrast to young massive Galactic clusters with ages designate this object ``GLIMPSE-C01'' and classify it as a Milky Way globular cluster passing through the Galactic disk. We also identify a region of star formation and fan-shaped outflows from young stellar objects in the same field as the cluster. The cluster's passage through the Galactic molecular layer may have triggered this star formation activity.

Chip Kobulnicky; A. J. Monson; B. A Buckalew; J. M. Darnel; B. Uzpen; B. A. Whitney; R. Indebetouw; B. L. Babler; M. R. Meade; C. Watson; E. Churchwell; M. J. Wolff; M. G. Wolfire; D. P. Clemens; R. Shah; T. M. Bania; R. A. Benjamin; M. Cohen; K. E. Devine; J. M. Dickey; F. Heitsch; J. M. Jackson; A. P. Marston; J. S. Mathis; E. P. Mercer; J. R. Stauffer; S. R. Stolovy; J. P. Norris; A. Kutyrev; R. Canterna; M. J. Pierce

2004-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

213

Reduced Probabilities of E2-Transitions in {sup 174}Yb  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the ground (gr) and exited states of even-even deformed nuclei with a phenomenological model, which takes into account the mixing of gr states, 0{sub n}{sup +}({beta}{sub n})-, 2{sub n}{sup +}({gamma}{sub n})- and {Kappa}{sup {pi}} 1{sub n}{sup +}- rotational bands. The calculation has been done for the isotope Yb. The energy spectra are found to be consistent with the energies from experimental data. The reduced probabilities of the electric quadrupole E2-transitions from {beta}{sub n} and {gamma}{sub n} band states are calculated and agree quite well with the experimental values.

Okhunov, A. A. [Quantum Science Center Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Institute for Nuclear Physics, Academy Science of Uzbekistan, 100214 Tashkent (Uzbekistan); Kassim, Hasan Abu [Quantum Science Center Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

214

Entropy, Entanglement, and Transition Probabilities in Neutrino Oscillations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the phenomenon of flavor oscillations can be described in terms of entangled flavor states belonging to the classes of Bell and W states. We analyze bipartite and multipartite flavor entanglements as measured by the reduced linear entropies of all possible bipartitions. Such entanglement monotones are found to be essentially equivalent to the flavor transition probabilities, that are experimentally accessible quantities. Therefore entanglement acquires a novel, operational physical characterization in the arena of elementary particle physics. We discuss in detail the fundamental cases of two- and three-flavor neutrino oscillations.

Blasone, Massimo; De Siena, Silvio; Illuminati, Fabrizio

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Transmission probabilities and the Miller-Good transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission through a potential barrier, and the related issue of particle production from a parametric resonance, are topics of considerable general interest in quantum physics. The authors have developed a rather general bound on quantum transmission probabilities, and recently applied it to bounding the greybody factors of a Schwarzschild black hole. In the current article we take a different tack -- we use the Miller-Good transformation (which maps an initial Schrodinger equation to a final Schrodinger equation for a different potential) to significantly generalize the previous bound.

Petarpa Boonserm; Matt Visser

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

216

Simplifying Probability Elicitation and Uncertainty Modeling in Bayesian Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we contribute two methods that simplify the demands of knowledge elicitation for particular types of Bayesian networks. The ?rst method simplify the task of providing probabilities when the states that a random variable takes can be described by a new, fully ordered state set in which a state implies all the preceding states. The second method leverages Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence to provide a way for the expert to express the degree of ignorance that they feel about the estimates being provided.

Paulson, Patrick R.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Sivaraman, Chitra; Neorr, Peter A.; Unwin, Stephen D.; Hossain, Shamina S.

2011-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

217

Rotation and chemical abundances of Ap/Bp stars in the open cluster NGC 6475  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The connection between age, rotation and chemical abundance of magnetic Ap stars is poorly understood. Using open clusters, we are able to study samples of stars that are both co-eval and co-environmental. By determining rotation and chemical abundance for Ap star members of clusters with various ages, the variations of these properties as a function of age and environment can be derived. All four probable Ap star members of the open cluster NGC 6475, as well as one normal late B star, were studied using detailed spectrum synthesis of high resolution UVES-POP spectra. Probable cluster membership was confirmed for all five stars, however chemical abundance anomalies only appear to be present in spectra of three. Projected rotational velocity and chemical abundances for 21 elements ranging from C to Eu are presented for the 5 stars. In the three peculiar stars we find overabundances of Si, Cr, Mn, Fe and rare earths such as Nd, characteristic of Ap stars. The set of chemically peculiar stars show fairly homogeneous abundance tables, however notable differences exist for a few elements. There also exist appreciable differences in the v sin i and main sequence evolutionary stage of the chemically peculiar stars. This may hint at the underlying processes giving rise to the observed abundance anomalies. With this first detailed study of chemical abundances of a complete sample of magnetic Ap/Bp stars in an open cluster, we have initiated an exploration of the environmental and evolutionary influence on chemical peculiarity.

C. P. Folsom; G. A. Wade; S. Bagnulo; J. D. Landstreet

2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

218

A Quantum Probability Explanation in Fock Space for Borderline Contradictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The construction of a consistent theory for structuring and representing how concepts combine and interact is one of the main challenges for the scholars involved in cognitive studies. All traditional approaches are still facing serious hindrances when dealing with combinations of concepts and concept vagueness. One of the main consequences of these difficulties is the existence of borderline cases which is hardly explainable from the point of view of classical (fuzzy set) logic and probability theory. Resting on a quantum-theoretic approach which successfully models conjunctions and disjuncions of two concepts, we propound a quantum probability model in Fock space which faithfully reproduces the experimental data collected by Alxatib and Pelletier (2011) on borderline contradictions. Our model allows one to explain the occurrence of the latter contradictions in terms of genuine quantum effects, such as contextuality, superposition, interference and emergence. In particular, we claim that it is the specific mechanism of `emergence of a new concept' that is responsible of these deviations from classical logical thinking in the cognitive studies on human thought. This result seems to be compatible with a recent interesting application of quantum probabilistic modeling in the study of borderline vagueness (Blutner, Pothos & Bruza, 2012), and analogies and differences with it are sketched here.

Sandro Sozzo

2013-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

219

Probability density function transformation using seeded localized averaging  

SciTech Connect

Seeded Localized Averaging (SLA) is a spectrum acquisition method that averages pulse-heights in dynamic windows. SLA sharpens peaks in the acquired spectra. This work investigates the transformation of the original probability density function (PDF) in the process of applying SLA procedure. We derive an analytical expression for the resulting probability density function after an application of SLA. In addition, we prove the following properties: 1) for symmetric distributions, SLA preserves both the mean and symmetry. 2) for uni-modal symmetric distributions, SLA reduces variance, sharpening the distributions peak. Our results are the first to prove these properties, reinforcing past experimental observations. Specifically, our results imply that in the typical case of a spectral peak with Gaussian PDF the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the transformed peak becomes narrower even with averaging of only two pulse-heights. While the Gaussian shape is no longer preserved, our results include an analytical expression for the resulting distribution. Examples of the transformation of other PDFs are presented. (authors)

Dimitrov, N. B. [Operations Research Dept., Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943 (United States); Jordanov, V. T. [Yantel, LLC, Santa Fe, NM 87508 (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Fuzzy rule-based modeling of vapor cloud explosion probabilities  

SciTech Connect

Estimating the frequency of accidents in nonreactor nuclear facilities is difficult because quantitative reliability data are lacking for many critical items. Because data are often lacking, the risk analysis relies on [open quotes]expert judgment[close quotes] or [open quotes]engineering judgment.[close quotes] This paper presents an alternative to the ad hoc use of engineering judgment in risk analysis. This alternative is fuzzy rule-based modeling. The fundamental principle of fuzzy rule-based modeling is that qualitative knowledge, which is the basis of engineering judgment, is valid knowledge. The intent of fuzzy rule-based modeling is to make better, systematic use of qualitative knowledge. The method is related to expert system technology. The basic concepts of fuzzy rule-based modeling, as applied to consequence modeling, have been discussed previously. This paper examines the application of these methods to the problem of estimating probabilities. The study considers a particular application, determining the probability of a deflagration-to-detonation transition in a vapor cloud.

Kubic, W.L. Jr. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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221

Measurement of the Fusion Probability, PCN, for Hot Fusion Reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: The cross section for forming a heavy evaporation residue in fusion reactions depends on the capture cross section, the fusion probability, PCN, i.e., the probability that the projectile-target system will evolve inside the fission saddle point to form a completely fused system rather than re-separating (quasifission), and the survival of the completely fused system against fission. PCN is the least known of these quantities. Purpose: To measure PCN for the reaction of 101.2 MeV 18O, 147.3 MeV 26Mg, 170.9 MeV 30Si and 195.3 MeV 36S with 197Au. Methods: We measured the fission fragment angular distributions for these reactions and used the formalism of Back to deduce the fusion-fission and quasifission cross sections. From these quantities we deduced PCN for each reaction. Results: The values of PCN for the reaction of 101.2 MeV 18O, 147.3 MeV 26Mg, 170.9 MeV 30Si and 195.3 MeV 36S with 197Au are 0.66, 1.00, 0.06, 0.13, respectively. Conclusions: The new measured values of PCN agree roughly with the semi-empirical system- atic dependence of PCN upon fissility for excited nuclei.

R. Yanez; W. Loveland; J. S. Barrett; L. Yao; B. B. Back; S. Zhu; T. L. Khoo

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

222

Consensus clustering in complex networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The community structure of complex networks reveals both their organization and hidden relationships among their constituents. Most community detection methods currently available are not deterministic, and their results typically depend on the specific random seeds, initial conditions and tie-break rules adopted for their execution. Consensus clustering is used in data analysis to generate stable results out of a set of partitions delivered by stochastic methods. Here we show that consensus clustering can be combined with any existing method in a self-consistent way, enhancing considerably both the stability and the accuracy of the resulting partitions. This framework is also particularly suitable to monitor the evolution of community structure in temporal networks. An application of consensus clustering to a large citation network of physics papers demonstrates its capability to keep track of the birth, death and diversification of topics.

Lancichinetti, Andrea; 10.1038/srep00336

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

A Minimum Assumption Tornado-Hazard Probability Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the principle applications of climatological tornado data is in tornado-hazard assessment. To perform such a hazard-potential determination, historical tornado characteristics in either a regional or tom area are complied. A model is then ...

Joseph T. Schaefer; Donald L. Kelly; Robert F. Abbey

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Geothermal Literature Review At Medicine Lake Geothermal Area (1984) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Area (1984) Geothermal Area (1984) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At Medicine Lake Geothermal Area (1984) Exploration Activity Details Location Medicine Lake Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Geothermal Literature Review Activity Date 1984 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The melt zones of volcanic clusters was analyzed with recent geological and geophysical data for five magma-hydrothermal systems were studied for the purpose of developing estimates for the depth, volume and location of magma beneath each area. References Goldstein, N. E.; Flexser, S. (1 December 1984) Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences

225

Geothermal Literature Review At Salton Trough Geothermal Area (1984) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trough Geothermal Area (1984) Trough Geothermal Area (1984) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At Salton Trough Geothermal Area (1984) Exploration Activity Details Location Salton Trough Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Geothermal Literature Review Activity Date 1984 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The melt zones of volcanic clusters was analyzed with recent geological and geophysical data for five magma-hydrothermal systems were studied for the purpose of developing estimates for the depth, volume and location of magma beneath each area. References Goldstein, N. E.; Flexser, S. (1 December 1984) Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences

226

Rotation invarient simultaneous clustering and dictionary learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an approach that simultaneously clusters database members and learns dictionaries from the clusters. The method learns dictionaries in the Radon transform domain, while clustering in the image domain. The main feature of the proposed approach is that it provides rotation invariant clustering which is useful in Content Based Image Retrieval (CBIR). We demonstrate through experimental results that the proposed rotation invariant clustering provides better retrieval performance than the standard Gabor-based method that has similar objectives. Index Terms — Radon transform, rotation invariance, clustering, dictionary learning, CBIR.

Yi-chen Chen; Challa S. Sastry; Vishal M. Patel; P. Jonathon Phillips

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

PROBABILITY BASED CORROSION CONTROL FOR WASTE TANKS - PART II  

SciTech Connect

As part of an ongoing study to evaluate the discontinuity in the corrosion controls at the SRS tank farm, a study was conducted this year to assess the minimum concentrations below 1 molar nitrate, see Figure 1. Current controls on the tank farm solution chemistry are in place to prevent the initiation and propagation of pitting and stress corrosion cracking in the primary steel waste tanks. The controls are based upon a series of experiments performed with simulated solutions on materials used for construction of the tanks, namely ASTM A537 carbon steel (A537). During FY09, an experimental program was undertaken to investigate the risk associated with reducing the minimum molar nitrite concentration required to confidently inhibit pitting in dilute solutions (i.e., less than 1 molar nitrate). The experimental results and conclusions herein provide a statistical basis to quantify the probability of pitting for the tank wall exposed to various solutions with dilute concentrations of nitrate and nitrite. Understanding the probability for pitting will allow the facility to make tank-specific risk-based decisions for chemistry control. Based on previous electrochemical testing, a statistical test matrix was developed to refine and solidify the application of the statistical mixture/amount model to corrosion of A537 steel. A mixture/amount model was identified based on statistical analysis of recent and historically collected electrochemical data. This model provides a more complex relationship between the nitrate and nitrite concentrations and the probability of pitting than is represented by the model underlying the current chemistry control program, and its use may provide a technical basis for the utilization of less nitrite to inhibit pitting at concentrations below 1 molar nitrate. FY09 results fit within the mixture/amount model, and further refine the nitrate regime in which the model is applicable. The combination of visual observations and cyclic potentiodynamic polarization scans indicates a potential for significant inhibitor reductions at nitrate concentrations near 1.0 M without a significant increase in corrosion risk. The complete data sets from FY08 and FY09 testing have determined the statistical basis to confidently inhibit against pitting using nitrite inhibition with the current pH controls. Future testing will complete the spectrum of nitrate concentrations around 1 molar. These results will be combined to provide a complete spectrum for corrosion controls with a risk based component.

Hoffman, E.; Edwards, T.

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

228

ANL-78-XX-95 Energy Level Structure and Transition Probabilities  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

j j ANL-78-XX-95 Energy Level Structure and Transition Probabilities in the Spectra of the Trivalent Lanthanides in LaF- W. T. Carnal! Chemistry Division Argonne National Laboratory Hannah Crosswhite and H. M. Crosswhite Department of Physics The Johns Hopkins University - N O T I C E - Thi* report w u prepared u an account of work sponsored by the United Slates Covemment. Neither the United State* nor ih* United States Department of Energy, nor any of their employees, nor *ny of their contractors, nbcontradon, or their employees, mikes any w i n i n t y , expreis ot implied, or aitumei any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completenea or tisefulrten of any information, apparatus, product or procen disclosed, or represent! that its tat would not infringe privately owned rights.

229

How to Determine the Probability of the Higgs Boson Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Higgs boson is the most important, though yet undiscovered ingredient of the standard model of particle physics. Its detection is therefore one of the most important goals of high energy physics that can guide future research in theoretical physics. Enormous efforts have been undertaken to prove the existence of the Higgs boson, and the physics community is excitedly awaiting the restart of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. But how sure can we be that the Higgs exits at all? The German philosopher Immanuel Kant recommended betting at such controversial questions, and Stephen Hawking announced a $100 bet against the Higgs. But seriously, online prediction markets, which are a generalized form of betting, do provide the best possible probability estimates for future events. It is proposed that the scientific community uses this platforms for evaluation. See also an online description www.Bet-On-The-Higgs.com.

Alexander Unzicker

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

230

Negative Quasi-Probability as a Resource for Quantum Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A central problem in quantum information is to determine the minimal physical resources that are required for quantum computational speedup and, in particular, for fault-tolerant quantum computation. We establish a remarkable connection between the potential for quantum speed-up and the onset of negative values in a distinguished quasi-probability representation, a discrete analog of the Wigner function for quantum systems of odd dimension. This connection allows us to resolve an open question on the existence of bound states for magic-state distillation: we prove that there exist mixed states outside the convex hull of stabilizer states that cannot be distilled to non-stabilizer target states using stabilizer operations. We also provide an efficient simulation protocol for Clifford circuits that extends to a large class of mixed states, including bound universal states.

Victor Veitch; Christopher Ferrie; David Gross; Joseph Emerson

2012-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

231

Fast Identification of Gene Clusters in Prokaryotic Genomes ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

linear space practical complexity. The number of clusters for the data set of 12 genomes goes from 199 clusters (? = 3, ? = 2. and ? = 100) to 930 clusters (? = 2,  ...

232

Cold Fronts in CDM clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, high-resolution Chandra observations revealed the existence of very sharp features in the X-ray surface brightness and temperature maps of several clusters (Vikhlinin et. al., 2001). These features, called ``cold fronts'', are characterized by an increase in surface brightness by a factor >2 over 10-50 kpc, accompanied by a drop in temperature of a similar magnitude. The existence of such sharp gradients can be used to put interesting constraints on the physics of the intracluster medium (ICM), if their mechanism and longevity are well understood. Here, we present results of a search for cold fronts in high-resolution simulations of galaxy clusters in cold dark matter (CDM) models. We show that sharp gradients with properties similar to those of observed cold fronts naturally arise in cluster mergers when the shocks heat gas surrounding the merging sub-cluster, while its dense core remains relatively cold. The compression induced by supersonic motions and shock heating during the merger enhance the amplitude of gas density and temperature gradients across the front. Our results indicate that cold fronts are non-equilibrium transient phenomena and can be observed for a period of less than a billion years. We show that the velocity and density fields of gas surrounding the cold front can be very irregular which would complicate analyses aiming to put constraints on the physical conditions of the intracluster medium in the vicinity of the front.

Daisuke Nagai; Andrey V. Kravtsov

2002-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

233

An Improved Cluster Richness Estimator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Minimizing the scatter between cluster mass and accessible observables is an important goal for cluster cosmology. In this work, we introduce a new matched filter richness estimator, and test its performance using the maxBCG cluster catalog. Our new estimator significantly reduces the variance in the L{sub X}-richness relation, from {sigma}{sub lnL{sub X}}{sup 2} = (0.86 {+-} 0.02){sup 2} to {sigma}{sub lnL{sub X}}{sup 2} = (0.69 {+-} 0.02){sup 2}. Relative to the maxBCG richness estimate, it also removes the strong redshift dependence of the richness scaling relations, and is significantly more robust to photometric and redshift errors. These improvements are largely due to our more sophisticated treatment of galaxy color data. We also demonstrate the scatter in the L{sub X}-richness relation depends on the aperture used to estimate cluster richness, and introduce a novel approach for optimizing said aperture which can be easily generalized to other mass tracers.

Rozo, Eduardo; /Ohio State U.; Rykoff, Eli S.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Koester, Benjamin P.; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; McKay, Timothy; /Michigan U.; Hao, Jiangang; /Michigan U.; Evrard, August; /Michigan U.; Wechsler, Risa H.; /SLAC; Hansen, Sarah; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; Sheldon, Erin; /New York U.; Johnston, David; /Houston U.; Becker, Matthew R.; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; Annis, James T.; /Fermilab; Bleem, Lindsey; /Chicago U.; Scranton, Ryan; /Pittsburgh U.

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

234

Strategic Focus Areas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Focus Areas Lockheed Martin on behalf of Sandia National Laboratories will consider grant requests that best support the Corporation's strategic focus areas and reflect effective...

235

Environmental Business Cluster EBC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cluster EBC Cluster EBC Jump to: navigation, search Name Environmental Business Cluster (EBC) Place San Jose, California Zip CA 95113 Product The Environmental Business Cluster is a not-for-profit incubator sponsored by major financial groups such as Citibank, and San Jose University. It has facilitated funding for 50 eco-related start-up businesses. References Environmental Business Cluster (EBC)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Environmental Business Cluster (EBC) is a company located in San Jose, California . References ↑ "Environmental Business Cluster (EBC)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Environmental_Business_Cluster_EBC&oldid=345024

236

Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy SHARE Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy ORNL has a 40-year history in R&D on fiber-reinforced composite materials, and has been leading DOE's low-cost...

237

Cluster Software Tools: Beauty is in Simplicity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Beowulf cluster has created a lot of impact by delivering an excellent prize/performance and scalable computing systems to high performance computing community. Nevertheless, the widespread use of beowulf clusters has not happened as fast as it should ...

Putchong Uthayopas

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Perspectives for logistics clusters development in Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a normative work aimed at identifying locations in Russia with high, medium and unclear potentials for logistics cluster development. As a framework this work uses four different models of logistics clusters: ...

Tantsuyev, Andriy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Revisiting Climate Region Definitions via Clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new distance metric that enables the clustering of general climatic time series. Clustering methods have been frequently used to partition a domain of interest into distinct climatic zones. However, previous techniques ...

Robert Lund; Bo Li

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Improvements to the quantum evolutionary clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In previous work, a novel approach to data clustering based on quantum evolutionary algorithm has been proposed. In a comparison to other evolutionary clustering algorithms, the approach showed a high performance in terms of effectiveness and quality ...

Chafika Ramdane, Mohamed-Khireddine Kholladi

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Cluster Dynamics in a Circulating Fluidized Bed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A common hydrodynamic feature in industrial scale circulating fluidized beds is the presence of clusters. The continuous formation and destruction of clusters strongly influences particle hold-up, pressure drop, heat transfer at the wall, and mixing. In this paper fiber optic data is analyzed using discrete wavelet analysis to characterize the dynamic behavior of clusters. Five radial positions at three different axial locations under five different operating were analyzed using discrete wavelets. Results are summarized with respect to cluster size and frequency.

Guenther, C.P.; Breault, R.W.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Galaxy Orientations in the Coma Cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have examined the orientations of early-type galaxies in the Coma cluster to see whether the well-established tendency for brightest cluster galaxies to share the same major axis orientation as their host cluster also extends to the rest of the galaxy population. We find no evidence of any preferential orientations of galaxies within Coma or its surroundings. The implications of this result for theories of the formation of clusters and galaxies (particularly the first-ranked members) are discussed.

Lisa Torlina; Roberto De Propris; Michael J. West

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

243

Cluster Expansion Methods - Progress and Outlook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Computational Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Presentation Title, Cluster Expansion Methods - Progress and Outlook. Author(s), Axel van de Walle .

244

Clustering hypertext with applications to web searching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: cluster annotation, feature combination, high-dimensional data, hyperlinks, sparse data, toric k-means algorithm, vector space model

Dharmendra S. Modha; W. Scott Spangler

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

2XMM J083026+524133: The most X-ray luminous cluster at redshift 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the distant universe X-ray luminous clusters of galaxies are rare objects. Large area surveys are therefore needed to probe the high luminosity end of the cluster population at redshifts z >= 1. We correlated extended X-ray sources from the second XMM-Newton source catalogue (2XMM) with the SDSS in order to identify new clusters of galaxies. Distant cluster candidates in empty SDSS fields were imaged in the R and z bands with the Large Binocular Telescope. We extracted the X-ray spectra of the cluster candidates and fitted thermal plasma models to the data. We determined the redshift 0.99 +-0.03 for 2XMM J083026+524133 from its X-ray spectrum. With a bolometric luminosity of 1.8 x 10^45 erg/sec this is the most X-ray luminous cluster at redshifts z >= 1. We measured a gas temperature of 8.2 +- 0.9 keV and and estimate a cluster mass M(500) = 5.6 x 10^14 M(solar). The optical imaging revealed a rich cluster of galaxies.

G. Lamer; M. Hoeft; J. Kohnert; A. Schwope; J. Storm

2008-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

246

Thermal Modeling of Hybrid Storage Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a lack of thermal models for storage clusters; most existing thermal models do not take into account the utilization of hard drives (HDDs) and solid state disks (SSDs). To address this problem, we build a thermal model for hybrid storage clusters ... Keywords: Cluster, Hybrid, Model, Storage, Thermal

Xunfei Jiang; Maen M. Al Assaf; Ji Zhang; Mohammed I. Alghamdi; Xiaojun Ruan; Tausif Muzaffar; Xiao Qin

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Dynamic clustering using combinatorial particle swarm optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combinatorial Particle Swarm Optimization (CPSO) is a relatively recent technique for solving combinatorial optimization problems. CPSO has been used in different applications, e.g., partitional clustering and project scheduling problems, and it has ... Keywords: Combinatorial optimization problems, Combinatorial particle swarm optimization, Dynamic clustering, Partitional clustering

Hamid Masoud; Saeed Jalili; Seyed Mohammad Hasheminejad

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Architectural support for enhancing security in clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cluster computing has emerged as a common approach for providing more comput- ing and data resources in industry as well as in academia. However, since cluster computer developers have paid more attention to performance and cost e±ciency than to security, numerous security loopholes in cluster servers come to the forefront. Clusters usually rely on ¯rewalls for their security, but the ¯rewalls cannot prevent all security attacks; therefore, cluster systems should be designed to be robust to security attacks intrinsically. In this research, we propose architectural supports for enhancing security of clus- ter systems with marginal performance overhead. This research proceeds in a bottom- up fashion starting from enforcing each cluster component's security to building an integrated secure cluster. First, we propose secure cluster interconnects providing con- ¯dentiality, authentication, and availability. Second, a security accelerating network interface card architecture is proposed to enable low performance overhead encryption and authentication. Third, to enhance security in an individual cluster node, we pro- pose a secure design for shared-memory multiprocessors (SMP) architecture, which is deployed in many clusters. The secure SMP architecture will provide con¯dential communication between processors. This will remove the vulnerability of eavesdrop- ping attacks in a cluster node. Finally, to put all proposed schemes together, we propose a security/performance trade-o® model which can precisely predict performance of an integrated secure cluster.

Lee, Man Hee

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

On a New Approach for Instantaneous Rain Area Delineation in the Midlatitudes Using GOES Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using satellite and weather radar data, a simple clustering analysis has been used in order to differentiate between raining and nonraining clouds. Based on these results, a scheme is proposed for instantaneous rain area delineation in the ...

A. A. Tsonis; G. A. Isaac

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Results of Experiments on Convective Precipitation Enhancement in the Camaguey Experimental Area, Cuba  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments on randomized seeding of individual convective clouds and cloud clusters were conducted in the Camaguey experimental area, Cuba, from 1985 through 1990 in order to elucidate whether cold-cloud dynamic seeding can be used to augment ...

Boris Koloskov; Boris Zimin; Vitaly Beliaev; Yury Seregin; Albert Chernikov; Victor Petrov; Mario Valdés; Daniel Martínez; Carlos A. Pérez; Guillermo Puente

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

CAeSaR: unified cluster-assignment scheduling and communication reuse for clustered VLIW processors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clustered architectures have been proposed as a solution to the scalability problem of wide ILP processors. VLIW architectures, being wide-issue by design, benefit significantly from clustering. Such architectures, being both statically scheduled and ... Keywords: cluster assignment, clustered VLIW, instruction scheduling

Vasileios Porpodas; Marcelo Cintra

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Completion Report for Well Cluster ER-6-1  

SciTech Connect

Well Cluster ER-6-1 was constructed for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Division at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This work was initiated as part of the Groundwater Characterization Project, now known as the Underground Test Area Project. The well cluster is located in southeastern Yucca Flat. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments for Well Cluster ER-6-1 are included in this report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters and conventional core samples taken below 639 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed petrographic, chemical, and mineralogical studies of rock samples were conducted on 11 samples to resolve complex interrelationships between several of the Tertiary tuff units. Additionally, paleontological analyses by the U.S. Geological Survey confirmed the stratigraphic assignments below 539 meters within the Paleozoic sedimentary section. All three wells in the Well ER-6-1 cluster were drilled within the Quaternary and Tertiary alluvium section, the Tertiary volcanic section, and into the Paleozoic sedimentary section.

Bechtel Nevada

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Cluster cross sections for strong lensing: analytic and numerical lens models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The statistics of gravitationally lensed arcs was recognised earlier as a potentially powerful cosmological probe. However, while fully numerical models find orders of magnitude difference between the arc probabilities in different cosmological models, analytic models tend to find markedly different results. We introduce in this paper an analytic cluster lens model which improves upon existing analytic models in four ways. (1) We use the more realistic Navarro-Frenk-White profile instead of singular isothermal spheres, (2) we include the effect of cosmology on the compactness of the lenses, (3) we use elliptical instead of axially symmetric lenses, and (4) we take the intrinsic ellipticity of sources into account. While these improvements to the analytic model lead to a pronounced increase of the arc probability, comparisons with numerical models of the same virial mass demonstrate that the analytic models still fall short by a substantial margin of reproducing the results obtained with numerical models. Using multipole expansions of cluster mass distributions, we show that the remaining discrepancy can be attributed to substructure inside clusters and tidal fields contributed by the cluster surroundings, effects that cannot reasonably and reliably be mimicked in analytic models.

Massimo Meneghetti; Matthias Bartelmann; Lauro Moscardini

2002-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

254

Quantum Computation with Magnetic Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a complete, quantitative quantum computing system which satisfies the five DiVincenzo criteria. The model is based on magnetic clusters with uniaxial anisotropy, where standard, two-state qubits are formed utilizing the two lowest-lying states of an anisotropic potential energy. We outline the quantum dynamics required by quantum computing for single qubit structures, and then define a novel measurement scheme in which qubit sates can be measured by sharp changes in current as voltage across the cluster is varied. We then extend the single qubit description to multiple qubit interactions, facilitated specifically by a new entanglement method which propagates the controlled-NOT (C-NOT) quantum gate.

Daniel D. Dorroh; Serkay Olmez; Jian-Ping Wang

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

255

Novel platinum/carbon catalysts with cluster size control for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project overview - Cluster chemistry - Catalysts and supports * Experimental - Novel catalyst preparation * Results - Metal cluster size - Electrochemical properties * Summary...

256

Tracking Rotational Diffusion of Colloidal Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a novel method of tracking the rotational motion of clusters of colloidal particles. Our method utilizes rigid body transfor- mations to determine the rotations of a cluster and extends conventional proven particle tracking techniques in a simple way, thus facilitating the study of rotational dynamics in systems containing or composed of colloidal clusters. We test our method by measuring dynamical properties of simulated Brownian clusters under conditions relevant to microscopy experiments. We then use the technique to track and describe the motions of a real colloidal cluster imaged with confocal microscopy.

Gary L. Hunter; Kazem V. Edmond; Mark T. Elsesser; Eric R. Weeks

2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

257

2011 Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures Gordon Research Conference  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Small particles have been at the heart of nanoscience since the birth of the field and now stand ready to make significant contributions to the big challenges of energy, health and sustainability. Atomic clusters show exquisite size-dependent electronic and magnetic properties and offer a new level of control in catalyses, sensors and biochips; functionalised nanocrystals offer remarkable optical properties and diverse applications in electronic devices, solar energy, and therapy. Both areas are complemented by a raft of recent advances in fabrication, characterization, and performance of a diversity of nanomaterials from the single atom level to nanowires, nanodevices, and biologically-inspired nanosystems. The goal of the 2011 Gordon Conference is thus to continue and enhance the interdisciplinary tradition of this series and discuss the most recent advances, fundamental scientific questions, and emerging applications of clusters, nanocrystals, and nanostructures. A single conference covering all aspects of nanoscience from fundamental issues to applications has the potential to create new ideas and stimulate cross fertilization. The meeting will therefore provide a balance among the three sub-components of the conference, true to its title, with a selection of new topics added to reflect rapid advances in the field. The open atmosphere of a Gordon conference, emphasizing the presentation of unpublished results and extensive discussions, is an ideal home for this rapidly developing field and will allow all participants to enjoy a valuable and stimulating experience. Historically, this Gordon conference has been oversubscribed, so we encourage all interested researchers from academia, industry, and government institutions to apply as early as possible. We also encourage all attendees to submit their latest results for presentation at the poster sessions. We anticipate that several posters will be selected for 'hot topic' oral presentations. Given the important role students and postdocs play in the future of this field, we also anticipate several talks of this kind from young investigators.

Lai-Sheng Wang

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

258

STAR FORMATION IN DENSE CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

A model of core-clump accretion with equally likely stopping describes star formation in the dense parts of clusters, where models of isolated collapsing cores may not apply. Each core accretes at a constant rate onto its protostar, while the surrounding clump gas accretes as a power of protostar mass. Short accretion flows resemble Shu accretion and make low-mass stars. Long flows resemble reduced Bondi accretion and make massive stars. Accretion stops due to environmental processes of dynamical ejection, gravitational competition, and gas dispersal by stellar feedback, independent of initial core structure. The model matches the field star initial mass function (IMF) from 0.01 to more than 10 solar masses. The core accretion rate and the mean accretion duration set the peak of the IMF, independent of the local Jeans mass. Massive protostars require the longest accretion durations, up to 0.5 Myr. The maximum protostar luminosity in a cluster indicates the mass and age of its oldest protostar. The distribution of protostar luminosities matches those in active star-forming regions if protostars have a constant birthrate but not if their births are coeval. For constant birthrate, the ratio of young stellar objects to protostars indicates the star-forming age of a cluster, typically {approx}1 Myr. The protostar accretion luminosity is typically less than its steady spherical value by a factor of {approx}2, consistent with models of episodic disk accretion.

Myers, Philip C., E-mail: pmyers@cfa.harvard.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

259

Formation of Globular Clusters in Galaxy Mergers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a high-resolution simulation of globular cluster formation in a galaxy merger. For the first time in such a simulation, individual star clusters are directly identified and followed on their orbits. We quantitatively compare star formation in the merger to that in the unperturbed galaxies. The merging galaxies show a strong starburst, in sharp contrast to their isolated progenitors. Most star clusters form in the tidal tails. With a mass range of $5\\times10^{5}$--$5\\times 10^{6} M_{\\odot}$, they are identified as globular clusters. The merger remnant is an elliptical galaxy. Clusters with different mass or age have different radial distributions in the galaxy. The cluster mass spectrum appears to be roughly log-normal. Our results show that the high specific frequency and bimodal distribution of metallicity observed in elliptical galaxies are natural products of gas-rich mergers, supporting a merger origin for the ellipticals and their globular cluster systems.

Li, Y; Klessen, R S; Li, Yuexing; Low, Mordecai-Mark Mac; Klessen, Ralf S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Optimal Reversible Annuities to Minimize the Probability of Lifetime Ruin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find the minimum probability of lifetime ruin of an investor who can invest in a market with a risky and a riskless asset and who can purchase a reversible life annuity. The surrender charge of a life annuity is a proportion of its value. Ruin occurs when the total of the value of the risky and riskless assets and the surrender value of the life annuity reaches zero. We find the optimal investment strategy and optimal annuity purchase and surrender strategies in two situations: (i) the value of the risky and riskless assets is allowed to be negative, with the imputed surrender value of the life annuity keeping the total positive; or (ii) the value of the risky and riskless assets is required to be non-negative. In the first case, although the individual has the flexiblity to buy or sell at any time, we find that the individual will not buy a life annuity unless she can cover all her consumption via the annuity and she will never sell her annuity. In the second case, the individual surrenders just enough annuity income to keep her total assets positive. However, in this second case, the individual’s annuity purchasing strategy depends on the size of the proportional surrender charge. When the charge is large enough, the individual will not buy a life annuity unless she can cover all her consumption, the so-called safe level. When the charge is small enough, the individual will buy a life annuity at a wealth lower than this safe level. Key words. Life annuities, retirement, optimal investment, stochastic control, freeboundary problem 1

Ting Wang; Virginia R. Young

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A semi-continuous state-transition probability HMM-based voice activity detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce an efficient hidden Markov model-based voice activity detection (VAD) algorithm with time-variant state-transition probabilities in the underlying Markov chain. The transition probabilities vary in an exponential charge/discharge scheme ...

H. Othman; T. Aboulnasr

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Empirical Probability Models to Predict Precipitation Levels over Puerto Rico Stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new algorithm is proposed to predict the level of rainfall (above normal, normal, and below normal) in Puerto Rico that relies on probability and empirical models. The algorithm includes a theoretical probability model in which parameters are ...

Nazario D. Ramirez-Beltran; William K. M. Lau; Amos Winter; Joan M. Castro; Nazario Ramirez Escalante

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Analysis of the probability distribution of photocount number of the onemode stochastic radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Mandel probability distribution of one-mode stochastic radiation photocounts is analized. Approximations of n-photon registration probabilities with guaranteed accuracy are obtained in the case when the registration time is sufficiently small.

Yu. P. Virchenko; N. N. Vitokhina

2004-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

264

Division/ Interest Area Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Learn more about Divisions and Interest areas. Division/ Interest Area Information Membership Information achievement application award Awards distinguished division Divisions fats job Join lipid lipids Member member get a member Membership memori

265

A Tight Lower Bound to the Outage Probability of Discrete-Input Block-Fading Channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this correspondence, a tight lower bound to the outage probability of discrete-input Nakagami-m block-fading channels is proposed. The approach permits an efficient method for numerical evaluation of the bound, providing an additional tool for system ... Keywords: Block-fading channel, diversity, error probability, outage probability, rate-diversity tradeoff, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)-exponent

K. D. Nguyen; A. Guillen i Fabregas; L. K. Rasmussen

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

RASS-SDSS Galaxy Cluster Survey. VI. The dependence of the cluster SFR on the cluster global properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a subsample of 79 nearby clusters from the RASS-SDSS galaxy cluster catalogue of Popesso et al. (2005a), we perform a regression analysis between the cluster integrated star formation rate (Sigma_SFR) the cluster total stellar mass (M_star), the fractions of star forming (f_SF) and blue (f_b) galaxies and other cluster global properties, namely its richness (N_gal, i.e. the total number of cluster members within the cluster virial radius), velocity dispersion (sigma_v), virial mass (M_200), and X-ray luminosity (L_X). All cluster global quantities are corrected for projection effects before the analysis. Galaxy SFRs and stellar masses are taken from the catalog of Brinchmann et al. (2004), which is based on SDSS spectra. We only consider galaxies with M_r analysis, and exclude AGNs. We find that both Sigma_SFR and M_star are correlated with all the cluster global quantities. A partial correlation analysis show that all the correlations are induced by the fundamental one between Sigma_SFR and N_gal, hence there is no evidence that the cluster properties affect the mean SFR or M_star per galaxy. The relations between Sigma_SFR and M_star, on one side, and both N_gal and M_200, on the other side, are linear, i.e. we see no evidence that different clusters have different SFR or different M_star per galaxy and per unit mass. The fraction f_SF does not depend on any cluster property considered, while f_b does depend on L_X. We note that a significant fraction of star-forming cluster galaxies are red (~25% of the whole cluster galaxy population). We conclude that the global cluster properties are unable to affect the SF properties of cluster galaxies, but the presence of the X-ray luminous intra-cluster medium can affect their colors, perhaps through the ram-pressure stripping mechanism.

P. Popesso; A. Biviano; M. Romaniello; H. Böhringer

2006-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

267

The probability of containment failure by direct containment heating in Zion  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first step in the resolution of the Direct Containment Heating (DCH) issue for the Zion Nuclear Power Plant using the Risk Oriented Accident Analysis Methodology (ROAAM). This report includes the definition of a probabilistic framework that decomposes the DCH problem into three probability density functions that reflect the most uncertain initial conditions (UO{sub 2} mass, zirconium oxidation fraction, and steel mass). Uncertainties in the initial conditions are significant, but our quantification approach is based on establishing reasonable bounds that are not unnecessarily conservative. To this end, we also make use of the ROAAM ideas of enveloping scenarios and ``splintering.`` Two causal relations (CRs) are used in this framework: CR1 is a model that calculates the peak pressure in the containment as a function of the initial conditions, and CR2 is a model that returns the frequency of containment failure as a function of pressure within the containment. Uncertainty in CR1 is accounted for by the use of two independently developed phenomenological models, the Convection Limited Containment Heating (CLCH) model and the Two-Cell Equilibrium (TCE) model, and by probabilistically distributing the key parameter in both, which is the ratio of the melt entrainment time to the system blowdown time constant. The two phenomenological models have been compared with an extensive database including recent integral simulations at two different physical scales. The containment load distributions do not intersect the containment strength (fragility) curve in any significant way, resulting in containment failure probabilities less than 10{sup {minus}3} for all scenarios considered. Sensitivity analyses did not show any areas of large sensitivity.

Pilch, M.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Yan, H.; Theofanous, T.G. [California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors October 2, 2007 DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National...

269

DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest Electric...

270

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region MW K Coso Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Walker Lane...

271

THE SIZE SCALE OF STAR CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

Direct N-body simulations of star clusters in a realistic Milky-Way-like potential are carried out using the code NBODY6. Based on these simulations, a new relationship between scale size and galactocentric distance is derived: the scale size of star clusters is proportional to the hyperbolic tangent of the galactocentric distance. The half-mass radius of star clusters increases systematically with galactocentric distance but levels off when star clusters orbit the galaxy beyond {approx}40 kpc. These simulations show that the half-mass radius of individual star clusters varies significantly as they evolve over a Hubble time, more so for clusters with shorter relaxation times, and remains constant through several relaxation times only in certain situations when expansion driven by the internal dynamics of the star cluster and the influence of the host galaxy tidal field balance each other. Indeed, the radius of a star cluster evolving within the inner 20 kpc of a realistic galactic gravitational potential is severely truncated by tidal interactions and does not remain constant over a Hubble time. Furthermore, the half-mass radius of star clusters measured with present-day observations bears no memory of the original cluster size. Stellar evolution and tidal stripping are the two competing physical mechanisms that determine the present-day size of globular clusters. These simulations also show that extended star clusters can form at large galactocentric distances while remaining fully bound to the host galaxy. There is thus no need to invoke accretion from an external galaxy to explain the presence of extended clusters at large galactocentric distances in a Milky-Way-type galaxy.

Madrid, Juan P.; Hurley, Jarrod R.; Sippel, Anna C. [Center for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC 3122 (Australia)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

272

Anatomy Of A Middle Miocene Valles-Type Caldera Cluster- Geology Of The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anatomy Of A Middle Miocene Valles-Type Caldera Cluster- Geology Of The Anatomy Of A Middle Miocene Valles-Type Caldera Cluster- Geology Of The Okueyama Volcano-Plutonic Complex, Southwest Japan Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Anatomy Of A Middle Miocene Valles-Type Caldera Cluster- Geology Of The Okueyama Volcano-Plutonic Complex, Southwest Japan Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A deeply eroded root of a Miocene Valles-type caldera cluster is exposed in the Okueyama volcano-plutonic complex in Kyushu, southwest Japan. The complex shows the relationship between an ash-flow caldera and a vertically zoned granitic batholith. The igneous activity of this complex began with the eruption of the Sobosan dacitic tuff and collapse of the Sobosan cauldron (18 _ 13 km). After an erosion interval, the Katamukiyama

273

Formation of Globular Clusters in Galaxy Mergers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a high-resolution simulation of globular cluster formation in a galaxy merger. For the first time in such a simulation, individual star clusters are directly identified and followed on their orbits. We quantitatively compare star formation in the merger to that in the unperturbed galaxies. The merging galaxies show a strong starburst, in sharp contrast to their isolated progenitors. Most star clusters form in the tidal features. With a mass range of $5\\times10^{5}$--$5\\times 10^{6} M_{\\odot}$, they are identified as globular clusters. The merger remnant is an elliptical galaxy. Clusters with different mass or age have different radial distributions in the galaxy. Our results show that the high specific frequency and bimodal distribution of metallicity observed in elliptical galaxies are natural products of gas-rich mergers, supporting a merger origin for the ellipticals and their globular cluster systems.

Yuexing Li; Mordecai-Mark Mac Low; Ralf S. Klessen

2004-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

274

ANALYZING STAR CLUSTER POPULATIONS WITH STOCHASTIC MODELS: THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE/WIDE FIELD CAMERA 3 SAMPLE OF CLUSTERS IN M83  

SciTech Connect

The majority of clusters in the universe have masses well below 10{sup 5} M{sub Sun }. Hence, their integrated fluxes and colors can be affected by the presence or absence of a few bright stars introduced by stochastic sampling of the stellar mass function. Specific methods are being developed to extend the analysis of cluster energy distributions into the low-mass regime. In this paper, we apply such a method to real observations of star clusters, in the nearby spiral galaxy M83. We reassess the ages and masses of a sample of 1242 clusters for which UBVIH{alpha} fluxes were obtained from observations with the Wide Field Camera 3 instrument on board the Hubble Space Telescope. Synthetic clusters with known properties are used to characterize the limitations of the method (valid range and resolution in age and mass, method artifacts). The ensemble of color predictions of the discrete cluster models are in good agreement with the distribution of observed colors. We emphasize the important role of the H{alpha} data in the assessment of the fraction of young objects, particularly in breaking the age-extinction degeneracy that hampers an analysis based on UBVI data only. We find the mass distribution of the cluster sample to follow a power law of index -2.1 {+-} 0.2, and the distribution of ages a power law of index -1.0 {+-} 0.2 for log (M/ M{sub Sun }) > 3.5, and ages between 10{sup 7} and 10{sup 9} yr. An extension of our main method, which makes full use of the probability distributions of age and mass obtained for the individual clusters of the sample, is explored. It produces similar power-law slopes and will deserve further investigation. Although the properties derived for individual clusters significantly differ from those obtained with traditional, non-stochastic models in about 30% of the objects, the first-order aspect of the age and mass distributions is similar to those obtained previously for this M83 sample in the range of overlap of the studies. We extend the power-law description to lower masses with better mass and age resolution and without most of the artifacts produced by the classical method.

Fouesneau, Morgan; Lancon, Ariane [Observatoire astronomique and CNRS UMR 7550, Universite de Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France); Chandar, Rupali [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH (United States); Whitmore, Bradley C., E-mail: morgan.fouesneau@astro.u-strasbg.fr [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD (United States)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Geothermometry At Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Akutan Fumaroles Area Exploration Technique Geothermometry Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The chemistry of the hot springs strongly suggests the existence of a neutral chloride reservoir with economically developable temperature. The fluid geothermometry tells a consistent story, with cation geothermometry detecting a >210degrees C reservoir temperature, probably near the fumarole, and silica geothermometry and presence of sinter suggesting that 160 to 180degrees C exists close to hot spring B. References

276

Magnetotellurics At Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Magnetotellurics At Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Akutan Fumaroles Area Exploration Technique Magnetotellurics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes "The 2009 MT survey detects a resistivity pattern typical of most economically viable geothermal reservoirs where a low resistivity, low permeability hydrothermal smectite alteration layer caps a higher temperature, permeable geothermal reservoir. The MT resistivity pattern indicates that a hydrothermally altered clay cap exists near the fumarole and probably overlies an outflow connection from the fumarole to the

277

Energy Innovation Hub Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building Retrofits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building Retrofits Could Support 23,500 Jobs Energy Innovation Hub Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building Retrofits Could Support 23,500 Jobs November 10, 2011 - 10:36am Addthis This is the Greater Philadelphia Innovation Cluster located at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, which has 270 buildings that consortium members can use to conduct energy efficiency experiments. The Energy Efficiency Buildings Hub is one of the U.S. Department of Energy’s research centers called Energy Innovation Hubs. | Photo courtesy of EEB Hub This is the Greater Philadelphia Innovation Cluster located at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, which has 270 buildings that consortium members can use to conduct energy efficiency experiments. The Energy Efficiency

278

Nuclear Star Clusters - Structure and Stellar Populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is an overview of nuclear star cluster observations, covering their structure, stellar populations, kinematics and possible connection to black holes at the centers of galaxies.

Neumayer, Nadine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

GALAXY CLUSTER ENVIRONMENTS OF RADIO SOURCES  

SciTech Connect

Using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and the Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty Centimeters (FIRST) catalogs, we examined the optical environments around double-lobed radio sources. Previous studies have shown that multi-component radio sources exhibiting some degree of bending between components are likely to be found in galaxy clusters. Often this radio emission is associated with a cD-type galaxy at the center of a cluster. We cross-correlated the SDSS and FIRST catalogs and measured the richness of the cluster environments surrounding both bent and straight multi-component radio sources. This led to the discovery and classification of a large number of galaxy clusters out to a redshift of z {approx} 0.5. We divided our sample into smaller subgroups based on their optical and radio properties. We find that FR I radio sources are more likely to be found in galaxy clusters than FR II sources. Further, we find that bent radio sources are more often found in galaxy clusters than non-bent radio sources. We also examined the environments around single-component radio sources and find that single-component radio sources are less likely to be associated with galaxy clusters than extended, multi-component radio sources. Bent, visually selected sources are found in clusters or rich groups {approx}78% of the time. Those without optical hosts in SDSS are likely associated with clusters at even higher redshifts, most with redshifts of z>0.7.

Wing, Joshua D.; Blanton, Elizabeth L., E-mail: jwing@bu.edu [Astronomy Department and Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

NCNR Magnetic Cluster Sizes in Recording Disks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Presently, cluster sizes are believed to be about 10 nano meters to 15 nano meters, but accurate knowledge of the size distribution and even the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Non thermal emission in clusters of galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I briefly review our current knowledge of the non thermal emission from galaxy clusters and discuss future prospect with Simbol-X. Simbol-X will map the hard X-ray emission in clusters, determine its origin and disentangle the thermal and non-thermal components. Correlated with radio observations, the observation of the non-thermal X-ray emission, when confirmed, will allow to map both the magnetic field and the relativistic electron properties, key information to understand the origin and acceleration of relativistic particles in clusters and its impact on cluster evolution.

Arnaud, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Unsupervised clustering and centroid estimation using dynamic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

solving cluster detection and centroid estimation prob- lems. ... density function and these vectors estimate the cen- ..... an algorithm to minimize a cost function.

283

Nanostructured manganese oxide clusters supported on ...  

2 evolution at nano-structured Mn oxide clusters in mesoporous silica under very mild conditions for the ?rst time. For driving the catalyst with

284

Material Disposal Areas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Disposal Areas Material Disposal Areas Material Disposal Areas Material Disposal Areas, also known as MDAs, are sites where material was disposed of below the ground surface in excavated pits, trenches, or shafts. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email Material Disposal Areas at LANL The following are descriptions and status updates of each MDA at LANL. To view a current fact sheet on the MDAs, click on LA-UR-13-25837 (pdf). MDA A MDA A is a Hazard Category 2 nuclear facility comprised of a 1.25-acre, fenced, and radiologically controlled area situated on the eastern end of Delta Prime Mesa. Delta Prime Mesa is bounded by Delta Prime Canyon to the north and Los Alamos Canyon to the south.

285

Using NWP Simulations in Satellite Rainfall Estimation of Heavy Precipitation Events over Mountainous Areas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we investigate the use of high-resolution simulations from the Weather Research and Forecasting atmospheric model (WRF) for evaluating satellite-rainfall biases of flood-inducing storms in mountainous areas. A probability matching ...

Xinxuan Zhang; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou; Maria Frediani; Stavros Solomos; George Kallos

286

Naval applications study areas  

SciTech Connect

This memorandum discusses study areas and items that will require attention for the naval studies of the utilization of nuclear propulsion in a submarine-based missile system.

Hadley, J. W.

1962-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

287

Boulder Area Transportation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST does not endorse or guarantee the quality or services provided by these businesses. All Denver/Boulder area transportation companies. ...

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

288

NIST Aperture area measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... particularly critical, for example, in climate and weather applications on ... of aperture areas used in exo-atmospheric solar irradiance measurements; ...

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

289

Utilizing Renewable Energy in Cluster-based Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy conservation plays a crucial in wireless sensor networks since such networks are designed to be placed in hostile and non-accessible areas. While battery-driven sensors will run out of battery sooner or later, the use of renewable energy sources such as solar power or gravitation may extend the lifetime of a sensor. We propose to utilize solar power in wireless sensor networks and extend LEACH a well-known cluster-based protocol for sensor networks to become solar-aware. The presented simulation results show that making LEACH solar-aware significantly extends the lifetime of sensor networks.

Thiemo Voigt; Hartmut Ritter; Jochen Schiller

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Solar-Aware clustering in wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy conservation plays a crucial in wireless sensor networks since such networks are designed to be placed in hostile and non-accessible areas. While battery-driven sensors will run out of battery sooner or later, the use of renewable energy sources such as solar power or gravitation may extend the lifetime of a sensor network. We propose to utilize solar power in wireless sensor networks and extend LEACH a well-known cluster-based protocol for sensor networks to become solar-aware. The presented simulation results show that making LEACH solar-aware significantly extends the lifetime of sensor networks. 1

Thiemo Voigt; Hartmut Ritter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

The Geyser Bight Geothermal Area, Umnak Island, Alaska | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geyser Bight Geothermal Area, Umnak Island, Alaska Geyser Bight Geothermal Area, Umnak Island, Alaska Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: The Geyser Bight Geothermal Area, Umnak Island, Alaska Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Geyser Bight geothermal area contains one of the hottest and most extensive areas of thermal springs in Alaska, and is the only site in the state with geysers. Heat for the geothermal system is derived from crustal magma associated with Mt. Recheshnoi volcano. Successive injections of magma have probably heated the crust to near its minimum melting point and produced the only high-SiO2 rhyolites in the oceanic part of the Aleutian arc. At least two hydrothermal reservoirs are postulated to underlie the geothermal area and have temperatures of 165° and 200°C,

292

Incremental spectral clustering by efficiently updating the eigen-system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, the spectral clustering method has gained attentions because of its superior performance. To the best of our knowledge, the existing spectral clustering algorithms cannot incrementally update the clustering results given a small change ... Keywords: Graph, Incidence vector/matrix, Incremental clustering, Spectral clustering, Web-blogs

Huazhong Ning; Wei Xu; Yun Chi; Yihong Gong; Thomas S. Huang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

PDSF, NERSC's Physics Computing Cluster  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PDSF PDSF PDSF PDSF is a networked distributed computing cluster designed primarily to meet the detector simulation and data analysis requirements of physics, astrophysics and nuclear science collaborations. For more details see About PDSF. Click on the graphs below to see larger versions and longer term graphs. Running Jobs Pending Jobs 24 hour rolling usage graph Rolling 24 Pending Jobs by Group About Find out more about PDSF, including a general overview, and information about research groups and staff... Read More » PDSF Login Node Status Getting Started Guidance on obtaining a new user account, access, passwords, and setup files... Read More » Hardware Configuration Provides guidance on hardware configurations, including: login, compute, grid and transfer nodes, and working with particular file systems.

294

THREE-CLUSTER NUCLEAR MOLECULES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A three-center phenomenological model able to explain, at least from a qualitative point of view, the difference in the observed yield of a particle-accompanied fission and that of binary fission was developed. It is derived from the liquid drop model under the assumption that the aligned configuration, with the emitted particle between the light and heavy fragment is obtained by increasing continuously the separation distance, while the radii of the light fragment and of the light particle are kept constant. During the first stage of the deformation one has a two-center evolution until the neck radius becomes equal to the radius of the emitted particle. Then the three center starts developing by decreasing with the same amount the two tip distances. In such a way a second minimum, typical for a cluster molecule, appears in the deformation energy. Examples are presented for 240 Pu parent nucleus emitting ?-particles and 14 C in a ternary process. 1

D. N. Poenaru; B. Dobrescu; W. Greiner

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

2009 Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures GRC  

SciTech Connect

For over thirty years, this Gordon Conference has been the premiere meeting for the field of cluster science, which studies the phenomena that arise when matter becomes small. During its history, participants have witnessed the discovery and development of many novel materials, including C60, carbon nanotubes, semiconductor and metal nanocrystals, and nanowires. In addition to addressing fundamental scientific questions related to these materials, the meeting has always included a discussion of their potential applications. Consequently, this conference has played a critical role in the birth and growth of nanoscience and engineering. The goal of the 2009 Gordon Conference is to continue the forward-looking tradition of this meeting and discuss the most recent advances in the field of clusters, nanocrystals, and nanostructures. As in past meetings, this will include new topics that broaden the field. In particular, a special emphasis will be placed on nanomaterials related to the efficient use, generation, or conversion of energy. For example, we anticipate presentations related to batteries, catalysts, photovoltaics, and thermoelectrics. In addition, we expect to address the controversy surrounding carrier multiplication with a session in which recent results addressing this phenomenon will be discussed and debated. The atmosphere of the conference, which emphasizes the presentation of unpublished results and lengthy discussion periods, ensures that attendees will enjoy a valuable and stimulating experience. Because only a limited number of participants are allowed to attend this conference, and oversubscription is anticipated, we encourage all interested researchers from academia, industry, and government institutions to apply as early as possible. An invitation is not required. We also encourage all attendees to submit their latest results for presentation at the poster sessions. We anticipate that several posters will be selected for 'hot topic' oral presentations. Because of the important role that students and postdocs play in the future of this field, we also anticipate to select several posters from young investigators for oral presentations.

Lai-Sheng Wang

2009-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

296

Clustering techniques for open relation extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work investigates clustering techniques for Relation Extraction (RE). Relation Extraction is the task of extracting relationships among named entities (e.g., people, organizations and geo-political entities) from natural language text. We are particularly ... Keywords: relation extraction, text clustering

Filipe Mesquita

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Clustering High Dimensional Massive Scientific Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many scientific applications can benefit from an efficient clustering algorithm of massively large high dimensional datasets. However most of the developed algorithms are impractical to use when the amount of data is very large. Given N objects ... Keywords: clustering, datasets, high dimensional, scientific

Ekow J. Otoo; Arie Shoshani; Seung-Won Hwang

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

The multidimensional model of cluster radioactivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cluster decays $^{228}$Th $\\rightarrow \\, ^{208}$Pb + $^{20}$O, $^{232}$U $\\rightarrow \\, ^{208}$Pb + $^{24}$Ne, $^{236}$Pu $\\rightarrow \\, ^{208}$Pb + $^{28}$Mg, $^{242}$Cm $\\rightarrow \\, ^{208}$Pb + $^{34}$Si are considered in the framework of the multidimensional cluster preformation model. The macroscopic potential energy surface related to the interaction between the cluster and the residue nucleus is evaluated in the framework of the nonlocal $\\hbar^4$ extended Thomas-Fermi approach with Skyrme and Coulomb forces. The shell-correction to the macroscopic potential energy is also taken into account. The dynamical surface deformations of both the cluster and the residue nucleus are taken into consideration at the barrier penetration path. The heights of saddle points related to deformed nuclear shapes are lower than the barrier height between the spherical cluster and residue nuclei; therefore the dynamical deformations of nuclei increase the barrier penetrability and reduce the half-life of cluster decay. The shell correction contribution into the potential energy between cluster and residue nucleus is important for both the potential landscape and the half-life evaluation. The experimental values of cluster decay half-lives are well reproduced in the model.

V. Yu. Denisov

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

299

Clustering objects on a spatial network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clustering is one of the most important analysis tasks in spatial databases. We study the problem of clustering objects, which lie on edges of a large weighted spatial network. The distance between two objects is defined by their shortest path distance ...

Man Lung Yiu; Nikos Mamoulis

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

QoS supporting and optimal energy allocation for a cluster based wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have become a very active and important area of research due to their potential in civil and military applications. A lot of research works focus on energy efficient routing protocols due to the limited energy of battery-powered ... Keywords: Clustering, Data loss rate, Optimal energy allocation, QoS, Source-to-sink delay, Wireless sensor network

Shensheng Tang; Wei Li

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The evolution game analysis of clustering for asymmetrical multi-factors in WSNs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers the impact of the distance from cluster heads (CHs) to the sink, and uses evolution game-theoretic model to analyze the communication energy optimization. We present the area division scheme of sensors so as to achieve a desirable ...

Yong Zhang, Dan Huang, Min Ji, Fuding Xie

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

A new class of semi-mixed effects models and its application in small area estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In multi-level regression, using a fixed effect for each cluster leads to models that are flexible but that have poor estimation accuracy. In small area studies, for example, fixed effects models are typically over-parameterized. Regarding region as ... Keywords: Multilevel models, Panel data analysis, Semi-mixed effects models, Semiparametric regression, Small area statistics

María José Lombardía; Stefan Sperlich

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Oblivious routing for fat-tree based system area networks with uncertain traffic demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fat-tree based system area networks have been widely adopted in high performance computing clusters. In such systems, the routing is often deterministic and the traffic demand is usually uncertain and changing. In this paper, we study routing performance ... Keywords: fat-tree, oblivious routing, system area networks

Xin Yuan; Wickus Nienaber; Zhenhai Duan; Rami Melhem

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Complex problems arising in the collision probability theory for neutron transport.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Several comprehensive but time consuming neutronic codes are available for performing nuclear reactor and fuel cycle evaluations. In addition, simple models utilizing collision probability theory… (more)

Matavosian, Robert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Strengthened Bounds for the Probability of k-Out-Of-n Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 12, 2013 ... Abstract: Abstract: Given a set of n random events in a probability space, represented by n Bernoulli variables (not necessarily independent,) ...

306

Strengthened Bounds for the Probability of k-Out-Of-n Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 17, 2013 ... Given a set of n random events in a probability space, represented by n Bernoulli variables (not necessarily independent,) we consider the.

307

Fueling area site assessment  

SciTech Connect

This report provides results of a Site Assessment performed at the Fuel Storage Area at Buckley ANG Base in Aurora, Colorado. Buckley ANG Base occupies 3,328 acres of land within the City of Aurora in Arapahoe County, Colorado. The Fuel Storage Area (also known as the Fueling Area) is located on the west side of the Base at the intersection of South Powderhorn Street and East Breckenridge Avenue. The Fueling Area consists of above ground storage tanks in a bermed area, pumps, piping, valves, an unloading stand and a fill stand. Jet fuel from the Fueling Area is used to support aircraft operations at the Base. Jet fuel is stored in two 200,000 gallon above ground storage tanks. Fuel is received in tanker trucks at the unloading stand located south and east of the storage tanks. Fuel required for aircraft fueling and other use is transferred into tanker trucks at the fill stand and transported to various points on the Base. The Fuel Storage Area has been in operation for over 20 years and handles approximately 7 million gallons of jet fuel annually.

1996-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

NSTB Summarizes Vulnerable Areas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NSTB Summarizes Vulnerable Areas NSTB Summarizes Vulnerable Areas Commonly Found in Energy Control Systems Experts at the National SCADA Test Bed (NSTB) discovered some common areas of vulnerability in the energy control systems assessed between late 2004 and early 2006. These vulnerabilities ranged from conventional IT security issues to specific weaknesses in control system protocols. The paper "Lessons Learned from Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and Energy Management Systems" describes the vulnerabilities and recommended strategies for mitigating them. It should be of use to asset owners and operators, control system vendors, system integrators, and third-party vendors interested in enhancing the security characteristics of current and future products.

309

area | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

area area Dataset Summary Description These estimates are derived from a composite of high resolution wind resource datasets modeled for specific countries with low resolution data originating from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (United States) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (United States) as processed for use in the IMAGE model. The high resolution datasets were produced by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (United States), Risø DTU National Laboratory (Denmark), the National Institute for Space Research (Brazil), and the Canadian Wind Energy Association. The data repr Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords area capacity clean energy international National Renewable Energy Laboratory

310

Knowledge-based cluster development in India : opportunities and challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Knowledge-based industries tend to cluster. The nature of activities illustrate the importance of networks and virtual and proximity aspects of clustering. Review of existing literature brings out the advantages of clustering ...

Singla, Chandan Dev

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Distilling relevant documents by means of dynamic quantum clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamic Quantum Clustering (DQC) is a recent clustering technique based on physical intuition from quantum mechanics. Clusters are identified as the minima of the potential function of the Schrödinger equation. In this poster, we apply this technique ...

Emanuele Di Buccio; Giorgio Maria Di Nunzio

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

SPITZER OBSERVATIONS OF THE {lambda} ORIONIS CLUSTER. II. DISKS AROUND SOLAR-TYPE AND LOW-MASS STARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present IRAC/MIPS Spitzer Space Telescope observations of the solar-type and the low-mass stellar population of the young ({approx}5 Myr) {lambda} Orionis cluster. Combining optical and Two Micron All Sky Survey photometry, we identify 436 stars as probable members of the cluster. Given the distance (450 pc) and the age of the cluster, our sample ranges in mass from 2 M{sub sun} to objects below the substellar limit. With the addition of the Spitzer mid-infrared data, we have identified 49 stars bearing disks in the stellar cluster. Using spectral energy distribution slopes, we place objects in several classes: non-excess stars (diskless), stars with optically thick disks, stars with 'evolved disks' (with smaller excesses than optically thick disk systems), and 'transitional disk' candidates (in which the inner disk is partially or fully cleared). The disk fraction depends on the stellar mass, ranging from {approx}6% for K-type stars (R{sub C} - J 4). We confirm the dependence of disk fraction on stellar mass in this age range found in other studies. Regarding clustering levels, the overall fraction of disks in the {lambda} Orionis cluster is similar to those reported in other stellar groups with ages normally quoted as {approx}5 Myr.

Hernandez, Jesus [Centro de Investigaciones de AstronomIa, Apdo. Postal 264, Merida 5101-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Morales-Calderon, Maria [Laboratorio de Astrofisica Estelar y Exoplanetas (LAEX), Centro de Astrobiologia (CAB, INTA-CSIC), LAEFF, P.O. Box 78, E-28691, Villanueva de la canada, Madrid (Spain); Calvet, Nuria; Hartmann, L. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 830 Dennison Building, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Muzerolle, J. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Gutermuth, R. [Five Colleges Astronomy Department, Smith College, Northampton, MA 01027 (United States); Luhman, K. L. [Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Stauffer, J., E-mail: hernandj@cida.v, E-mail: muzerol@stsci.ed [Spitzer Science Center, Caltech M/S 220-6, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

313

Probability distributions of hydraulic conductivity for the hydrogeologic units of the Death Valley regional ground-water flow system, Nevada and California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of geologic information such as lithology and rock properties is important to constrain conceptual and numerical hydrogeologic models. This geologic information is difficult to apply explicitly to numerical modeling and analyses because it tends to be qualitative rather than quantitative. This study uses a compilation of hydraulic-conductivity measurements to derive estimates of the probability distributions for several hydrogeologic units within the Death Valley regional ground-water flow system, a geologically and hydrologicaly complex region underlain by basin-fill sediments, volcanic, intrusive, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Probability distributions of hydraulic conductivity for general rock types have been studied previously; however, this study provides more detailed definition of hydrogeologic units based on lithostratigraphy, lithology, alteration, and fracturing and compares the probability distributions to the aquifer test data. Results suggest that these probability distributions can be used for studies involving, for example, numerical flow modeling, recharge, evapotranspiration, and rainfall runoff. These probability distributions can be used for such studies involving the hydrogeologic units in the region, as well as for similar rock types elsewhere. Within the study area, fracturing appears to have the greatest influence on the hydraulic conductivity of carbonate bedrock hydrogeologic units. Similar to earlier studies, we find that alteration and welding in the Tertiary volcanic rocks greatly influence conductivity. As alteration increases, hydraulic conductivity tends to decrease. Increasing degrees of welding appears to increase hydraulic conductivity because welding increases the brittleness of the volcanic rocks, thus increasing the amount of fracturing.

Belcher, W.R.; Sweetkind, D.S.; Elliott, P.E.

2002-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

314

Geographic Area Month  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Fuels by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month No. 1 Distillate No. 2 Distillate a No. 4 Fuel b Sales to End Users Sales for...

315

3. Producing Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The OCS area provides surplus capacity to meet major seasonal swings in the lower 48 States gas requirements. The ... Jun-86 9,878 17,706 1,460 19,166 9,288 51.5

316

Western Area Power Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Loveland Area Projects November 29-30, 2011 2 Agenda * Overview of Western Area Power Administration * Post-1989 Loveland Area Projects (LAP) Marketing Plan * Energy Planning and Management Program * Development of the 2025 PMI Proposal * 2025 PMI Proposal * 2025 PMI Comment Period & Proposal Information * Questions 3 Overview of Western Area Power Administration (Western) * One of four power marketing administrations within the Department of Energy * Mission: Market and deliver reliable, renewable, cost-based Federal hydroelectric power and related services within a 15-state region of the central and western U.S. * Vision: Provide premier power marketing and transmission services Rocky Mountain Region (RMR) is one of five regional offices 4 Rocky Mountain Region

317

300 AREA URANIUM CONTAMINATION  

SciTech Connect

{sm_bullet} Uranium fuel production {sm_bullet} Test reactor and separations experiments {sm_bullet} Animal and radiobiology experiments conducted at the. 331 Laboratory Complex {sm_bullet} .Deactivation, decontamination, decommissioning,. and demolition of 300 Area facilities

BORGHESE JV

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

318

Decontamination & decommissioning focus area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In January 1994, the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE EM) formally introduced its new approach to managing DOE`s environmental research and technology development activities. The goal of the new approach is to conduct research and development in critical areas of interest to DOE, utilizing the best talent in the Department and in the national science community. To facilitate this solutions-oriented approach, the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50, formerly the Office of Technology Development) formed five Focus AReas to stimulate the required basic research, development, and demonstration efforts to seek new, innovative cleanup methods. In February 1995, EM-50 selected the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to lead implementation of one of these Focus Areas: the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) Focus Area.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

APS Area Emergency Supervisors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Area Emergency Supervisors BUILDING AES AAES 400-EAA Raul Mascote Debra Eriksen-Bubulka 400-A (SPX) Tim Jonasson 400-Sectors 25-30 Reggie Gilmore 401-CLO Steve Downey Ed Russell...

320

Power management for heterogeneous clusters: An experimental study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reducing energy consumption has a significant role in mitigating the total cost of ownership of computing clusters. Building heterogeneous clusters by combining high-end and low-end server nodes (e.g., Xeons and Atoms) is a recent trend towards achieving ... Keywords: Web server cluster, power management, heterogeneous cluster, energy consumption, high-end server nodes, low-end server nodes, Xeons, Atoms, energy-efficient computing, cluster-level power manager, optimal cluster configuration

M. Mustafa Rafique; Nishkam Ravi; Srihari Cadambi; Ali R. Butt; Srimat Chakradhar

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Cluster catalyzed chemisorption of H2 on Si(111)(1×1): Effects of collision speed and cluster geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have carried out classical dynamical simulations of collisions of Ar12H2clusters with a rigid Si(111)(1×1) solid surface for a variety of collision speeds and two different cluster geometries. At low cluster temperatures

John N. Beauregard; Howard R. Mayne

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Clustering of scientific citations in Wikipedia Finn Arup Nielsen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cluster Numberofclusters Cluster bush List of molecul Extinction (ast Supernova Gamma ray burst List of molecul Extinction (ast Supernova Gamma ray burst Myocardial infa History of inva

323

Approximating K-means-type clustering via semidefinite programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the fundamental clustering problems is to assign n points into k clusters based on the ...... In N. Ye, Editor, The Handbook of Data Mining, Lawrence ...

324

Clustered DNA Damage Spectrum in Primary Human Hematopoietic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

94805 Villejuif Cedex France Clustered DNA Damages Induced by Low Radiation Doses Irradiation of cells with low doses of X- or -rays induces clustered damages in mammalian...

325

High performance computing: Clusters, constellations, MPPs, and future directions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Jim Gray, “High Performance Computing: Crays, Clusters,The Marketplace of High-Performance Computing”, ParallelHigh Performance Computing Clusters, Constellations, MPPs,

Dongarra, Jack; Sterling, Thomas; Simon, Horst; Strohmaier, Erich

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Computer System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute Program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute Program Description The Computer System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute (CSCNSI) is a focused technical enrichment...

327

The Selection Function of SZ Cluster Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the nature of cluster selection in Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) surveys, focusing on single frequency observations and using Monte Carlo simulations incorporating instrumental effects, primary cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies and extragalactic point sources. Clusters are extracted from simulated maps with an optimal, multi-scale matched filter. We introduce a general definition for the survey selection function that provides a useful link between an observational catalog and theoretical predictions. The selection function defined over the observed quantities of flux and angular size is independent of cluster physics and cosmology, and thus provides a useful characterization of a survey. Selection expressed in terms of cluster mass and redshift, on the other hand, depends on both cosmology and cluster physics. We demonstrate that SZ catalogs are not simply flux limited, and illustrate how incorrect modeling of the selection function leads to biased estimates of cosmological parameters. The fact that SZ catalogs are not flux limited complicates survey ``calibration'' by requiring more detailed information on the relation between cluster observables and cluster mass.

J. -B. Melin; J. G. Bartlett; J. Delabrouille

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

328

Joint probability generating function for a vector of arbitrary indicator variables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We obtain formulas for the probability generating function of general multivariate Bernoulli distributions, and for the moment generating function of the aggregate claim amount for individual risk models with dependencies. Several examples are given. Keywords: exchangeability, indicator variables, individual risk models, probability generating function, random sums

Nikolai Kolev; Ekaterina T. Kolkovska; José Alfredo López-Mimbela

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Probability of Safety Valve Failure-to-Reseat Following Steam and Liquid Relief: Quantitative Expert Elicitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a quantitative expert elicitation to assist in the determination of the failure probability of safety valves to reseat following steam and/or liquid relief. The expert elicitation process improves the estimation of the safety valve failure-to-reseat probability and is based on expert judgment, safety valve testing programs, and experience.

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

330

Bit Transmission Probability Maximizing the Key Rate of the BB84 Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In all papers on the BB84 protocol, the transmission probability of each bit value is usually set to be equal. In this paper, we show that by assigning different transmission probability to each transmitted qubit within a single polarization basis, we can generally improve the key generation rate of the BB84 protocol and achieve a higher key rate.

Sonny Lumbantoruan; Ryutaroh Matsumoto; Tomohiko Uyematsu

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

331

The Probability Density Function of Ocean Surface Slopes and Its Effects on Radar Backscatter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on Longuet-Higgins’s theory of the probability distribution of wave amplitude and wave period and on some observations, a new probability density function (PDF) of ocean surface slopes is derived. It is where ?x and ?y are the slope ...

Y. Liu; X-H. Yan; W. T. Liu; P. A. Hwang

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Light ternary fission products: probabilities and charge distributions. [Reviews, data systematics  

SciTech Connect

A survey was made of experimental information pertinent to the probability of ternary fission and the charge distribution of the light ternary fission products. A new prescription is presented for the ternary fission probability as a function of incident particle energy and certain compound nucleus properties. Based upon systematics, a method for obtaining charge distributions of the light ternary products is presented.

Madland, D.G.; Stewart, L.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY-average forecast, we are calling for an above-average probability of United States and Caribbean major hurricane landfall. (as of 3 June 2013) By Philip J. Klotzbach1 and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well as past

334

A study of probability collectives multi-agent systems on optimization and robustness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a study on optimization and robustness of Probability Collectives Multi-agent Systems (PCMAS). This framework for distributed optimization is deeply connected with both game theory and statistical physics. In contrast to traditional biologically-inspired ... Keywords: genetic algorithms, multi-agent systems, optimization, probability collectives, search robustness

Chien-Feng Huang; Bao Rong Chang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Combinatorial optimization in Biology using Probability Collectives Multi-agent Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a study of Probability Collectives Multi-agent Systems (PCMAS) for combinational optimization problems in Biology. This framework for distributed optimization is deeply connected with both game theory and statistical physics. In contrast to ... Keywords: Biological networks, Combinational optimization, Multi-agent Systems, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Probability Collectives

Chien-Feng Huang

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

A hybrid object based model combining probability and fuzzy set theories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although there have been many fuzzy object-oriented data model proposed, and a bit less for probabilistic ones, models combining the relevance and strength of both fuzzy set theory and probability theory appear to be sporadic. This paper introduces ... Keywords: class methods, fuzzy sets, object-oriented modelling, probability distribution, selection operation

Tru H. Cao; Hoa Nguyen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Quantum probabilities of composite events in quantum measurements with multimode states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of defining quantum probabilities of composite events is considered. This problem is of high importance for the theory of quantum measurements and for quantum decision theory that is a part of measurement theory. We show that the Luders probability of consecutive measurements is a transition probability between two quantum states and that this probability cannot be treated as a quantum extension of the classical conditional probability. The Wigner distribution is shown to be a weighted transition probability that cannot be accepted as a quantum extension of the classical joint probability. We suggest the definition of quantum joint probabilities by introducing composite events in multichannel measurements. The notion of measurements under uncertainty is defined. We demonstrate that the necessary condition for the mode interference is the entanglement of the composite prospect together with the entanglement of the composite statistical state. As an illustration, we consider an example of a quantum game. A special attention is payed to the application of the approach to systems with multimode states, such as atoms, molecules, quantum dots, or trapped Bose-condensed atoms with several coherent modes.

V. I. Yukalov; D. Sornette

2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

338

Geothermal Literature Review At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (1984)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Literature Review At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (1984) Geothermal Literature Review At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (1984) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (1984) Exploration Activity Details Location Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Geothermal Literature Review Activity Date 1984 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The melt zones of volcanic clusters was analyzed with recent geological and geophysical data for five magma-hydrothermal systems were studied for the purpose of developing estimates for the depth, volume and location of magma beneath each area. References Goldstein, N. E.; Flexser, S. (1 December 1984) Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow

339

Geothermal Literature Review At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Literature Review At Coso Geothermal Area Geothermal Literature Review At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Geothermal Literature Review Activity Date 1984 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To characterize the magma beneath melt zones Notes The melt zones of volcanic clusters were analyzed with recent geological and geophysical data for five magma-hydrothermal systems. These were studied for the purpose of developing estimates for the depth, volume and location of magma beneath each area. References Goldstein, N. E.; Flexser, S. (1 December 1984) Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Geothermal_Literature_Review_At_Coso_Geothermal_Area_(1984)&oldid=510800"

340

Cluster mass function in mixed models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the cluster mass function in mixed dark matter (MDM) models, using two COBE normalized simulations with Omega_h = 0.26 and n=1.2, and Omega_h = 0.14 and n = 1.05, both with 2 massive nu's (MDM1 and MDM2, respectively). For the sake of comparison, we also simulate a CDM model with spectral index n=0.8 (TCDM), also COBE normalized. We argue that, in our non--hydro simulations, where CDM particles describe both actual CDM and baryons, the galaxy distribution traces CDM particles. Therefore, we use them to define clusters and their velocities to work out cluster masses. As CDM particles are more clustered than HDM and therefore have, in average, greater velocities, this leads to significant differences from PS predictions. Such predictions agree with simulations if both HDM and CDM are used to define clusters. Clusters defined through CDM in MDM models, instead, are less numerous than PS estimates, by a factor ~0.3, at the low mass end; the factor becomes \\~0.6-0.8, depending on the mix, on intermediate mass scales (~4-5, h^-1 10^14 Msun) and almost vanishes on the high mass end. Therefore: (i) MDM models expected to overproduce clusters over intermediate scales are viable; (ii) the greater reduction factor at small scales agrees with the observational data dependence on the cluster mass M (which, however, may be partially due to sample incompleteness); (iii) the higher spectral normalization is felt at large scales, where MDM models produce more objects (hence, large clusters) than CDM. MDM1 even exceeds Donahue et al. (1998) findings, while MDM2 is consistent with them. (abridged)

A. Gardini; S. A. Bonometto; G. Murante

1999-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Cluster-based reduced-order modelling of a mixing layer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a novel cluster-based reduced-order modelling (CROM) strategy of unsteady flows. CROM builds on the pioneering works of Gunzburger's group in cluster analysis (Burkardt et al. 2006) and Eckhardt's group in transition matrix models (Schneider et al. 2007) and constitutes a potential alternative to POD models. This strategy processes a time-resolved sequence of flow snapshots in two steps. First, the snapshot data is clustered into a small number of representative states, called centroids, in the state space. These centroids partition the state space in complementary non-overlapping regions (centroidal Voronoi cells). Departing from the standard algorithm, the probability of the clusters are determined, and the states are sorted by transition matrix consideration. Secondly, the transitions between the states are dynamically modelled via a Markov process. Physical mechanisms are then distilled by a refined analysis of the Markov process, e.g. with the finite-time Lyapunov exponent and entropic methods. The resulting CROM is applied to the Lorenz attractor as illustrating example and velocity fields of the spatially evolving incompressible mixing layer. For these examples, CROM is shown to distil non-trivial quasi-attractors and transition processes. CROM has numerous potential applications for the systematic identification of physical mechanisms of complex dynamics, for comparison of flow evolution models, and for the identification of precursors to desirable and undesirable events.

Eurika Kaiser; Bernd R. Noack; Laurent Cordier; Andreas Spohn; Marc Segond; Markus Abel; Guillaume Daviller; Robert K. Niven

2013-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

342

The CFHT Open Star Cluster Survey I -- Cluster Selection and Data Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present this paper in conjuction with the following as the first results in the CFHT Open Star Cluster Survey. This survey is a large BVR imaging data set of 19 open star clusters in our Galaxy. This data set was taken with the CFH12K mosaic CCD (42' X 28') and the majority of the clusters were imaged under excellent photometric, sub-arcsecond seeing conditions. The combination of multiple exposures extending to deep (V ~ 25) magnitudes with short (white dwarf stars in these clusters and establish observational constraints on the initial-final mass relationship for these stars and the upper mass limit to white dwarf production. Additionally, we hope to better determine the properties of the clusters, such as age and distance, and also test evolution and dynamical theories by analyzing luminosity and mass functions. In order to more easily incorporate this data in further studies, we have produced a catalogue of positions, magnitudes, colors, and stellarity confidence for all stars in each cluster of the survey. This paper is intended both as a source for the astronomical community to obtain information on the clusters in the survey and as a detailed reference of reduction procedures for further publications of individual clusters. We discuss the methods employed to reduce the data and compute the photometric catalogue. The scientific results for each individual cluster and global results from the study of the entire survey will be presented in further publications (results for the rich old open cluster NGC 6819 immediately follow this paper).

Jasonjot Singh Kalirai; Harvey B. Richer; Gregory G. Fahlman; Jean-Charles Cuillandre; Paolo Ventura; Francesca D'Antona; Emmanuel Bertin; Gianni Marconi; Patrick R. Durrell

2001-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

343

Operational Area Monitoring Plan  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

' ' SECTION 11.7B Operational Area Monitoring Plan for the Long -Term H yd rol og ical M o n i to ri ng - Program Off The Nevada Test Site S . C. Black Reynolds Electrical & Engineering, Co. and W. G. Phillips, G. G. Martin, D. J. Chaloud, C. A. Fontana, and 0. G. Easterly Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory U. S. Environmental Protection Agency October 23, 1991 FOREWORD This is one of a series of Operational Area Monitoring Plans that comprise the overall Environmental Monitoring Plan for the DOE Field Office, Nevada (DOEINV) nuclear and non- nuclear testing activities associated with the Nevada Test Site (NTS). These Operational Area Monitoring Plans are prepared by various DOE support contractors, NTS user organizations, and federal or state agencies supporting DOE NTS operations. These plans and the parent

344

Nuclear clusters with Halo Effective Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After a brief discussion of effective field theory applied to nuclear clusters, I present the aspect of Coulomb interactions, with applications to low-energy alpha-alpha and nucleon-alpha scattering.

Higa, Renato

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Nuclear clusters with Halo Effective Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After a brief discussion of effective field theory applied to nuclear clusters, I present the aspect of Coulomb interactions, with applications to low-energy alpha-alpha and nucleon-alpha scattering.

Renato Higa

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

346

HOW TO FIND YOUNG MASSIVE CLUSTER PROGENITORS  

SciTech Connect

We propose that bound, young massive stellar clusters form from dense clouds that have escape speeds greater than the sound speed in photo-ionized gas. In these clumps, radiative feedback in the form of gas ionization is bottled up, enabling star formation to proceed to sufficiently high efficiency so that the resulting star cluster remains bound even after gas removal. We estimate the observable properties of the massive proto-clusters (MPCs) for existing Galactic plane surveys and suggest how they may be sought in recent and upcoming extragalactic observations. These surveys will potentially provide a significant sample of MPC candidates that will allow us to better understand extreme star-formation and massive cluster formation in the Local Universe.

Bressert, E.; Longmore, S.; Testi, L. [European Southern Observatory, Karl Schwarzschild Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Ginsburg, A.; Bally, J.; Battersby, C. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

347

Clustering and disjoint principal component analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A constrained principal component analysis, which aims at a simultaneous clustering of objects and a partitioning of variables, is proposed. The new methodology allows us to identify components with maximum variance, each one a linear combination of ...

Maurizio Vichi; Gilbert Saporta

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Non-parametric mixture models for clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mixture models have been widely used for data clustering. However, commonly used mixture models are generally of a parametric form (e.g., mixture of Gaussian distributions or GMM), which significantly limits their capacity in fitting diverse multidimensional ...

Pavan Kumar Mallapragada; Rong Jin; Anil Jain

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Siting technologies for large wind turbine clusters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Site selection for large wind turbine clusters requires thorough documentation of the wind characteristics at the site, because of the influence these characteristics will have on the economics, operations, and service life of the wind turbines. The wind prospecting strategy can be used by a utility to determine specific locations for each wind turbine in a cluster of 10 to 50 or more machines. The key to site selection is knowing what and where to measure. Siting techniques to be used at the various stages of the wind-prospecting strategy are discussed. These techniques help determine where to measure. What to measure at a site is still a moot question. Suggestions are made on what data are needed at what sampling rates. These are based on the assumption that until further experience in siting large clusters of wind turbines is in hand, thorough documentation of wind characteristics affecting machine and cluster output characteristics, operation strategies, and service life are necessary.

Hiester, T.R.; Pennell, W.T.

1979-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Cluster magnetic fields from active galactic nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Active galactic nuclei (AGN) found at the centers of clusters of galaxies are a possible source for weak cluster-wide magnetic fields. To evaluate this scenario, we present 3D adaptive mesh refinement MHD simulations of a cool-core cluster that include injection of kinetic, thermal, and magnetic energy via an AGN-powered jet. Using the MHD solver in FLASH 2, we compare several sub-resolution approaches that link the estimated accretion rate as measured on the simulation mesh to the accretion rate onto the central black hole and the resulting feedback. We examine the effects of magnetized outflows on the accretion history of the black hole and discuss the ability of these models to magnetize the cluster medium.

Sutter, P M; Yang, H -Y

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Flagship Cluster Hiring Initiative Computational Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flagship Cluster Hiring Initiative Computational Science: Advancing Research, Society and the Economy Gabrielle Allen (PI) Thomas Sterling (Presenter/co-PI) Department of Computer Science Center for Computation & Technology #12;Computational Science: Advancing Research, Society and the Economy, External

Allen, Gabrielle

352

Cluster-Based Adaptive and Batch Filtering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on the Web, using both 'traditional' search engine [5] and agent-based techniques [6, 7 ... led us to modify the single set-of- clusters model, creating a ...

353

Order of magnitude time-reversible Markov chains and characterization of clustering processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the notion of order of magnitude reversibility (OM-reversibility) in Markov chains that are parametrized by a positive parameter $\\ep$. OM-reversibility is a weaker condition than reversibility, and requires only the knowledge of order of magnitude of the transition probabilities. For an irreducible, OM-reversible Markov chain on a finite state space, we prove that the stationary distribution satisfies order of magnitude detailed balance (analog of detailed balance in reversible Markov chains). The result characterizes the states with positive probability in the limit of the stationary distribution as $\\ep \\to 0$, which finds an important application in the case of singularly perturbed Markov chains that are reducible for $\\ep=0$. We show that OM-reversibility occurs naturally in macroscopic systems, involving many interacting particles. Clustering is a common phenomenon in biological systems, in which particles or molecules aggregate at one location. We give a simple condition on the transition ...

Joshi, Badal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Dynamic data assigning assessment clustering of streaming data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Discovering interesting patterns or substructures in data streams is an important challenge in data mining. Clustering algorithms are very often applied to identify single substructures although they are designed to partition a data set. Another problem ... Keywords: Incremental clustering, Noise clustering, Objective function-based clustering

O. Georgieva; F. Klawonn

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Tarazu: optimizing MapReduce on heterogeneous clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data center-scale clusters are evolving towards heterogeneous hardware for power, cost, differentiated price-performance, and other reasons. MapReduce is a well-known programming model to process large amount of data on data center-scale clusters. Most ... Keywords: MapReduce, cluster scheduling, heterogeneous clusters, load imbalance, shuffle

Faraz Ahmad; Srimat T. Chakradhar; Anand Raghunathan; T. N. Vijaykumar

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

On possibilistic clustering with repulsion constraints for imprecise data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In possibilistic clustering objects are assigned to clusters according to the so-called membership degrees taking values in the unit interval. Differently from fuzzy clustering, it is not required that the sum of the membership degrees of an object to ... Keywords: Cluster analysis, Fuzzy data, Possibilistic approach, Repulsion term

Maria Brigida Ferraro, Paolo Giordani

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Clustered-Hybrid Multilayer Perceptron network for pattern recognition application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a modified version of the Hybrid Multilayer Perceptron (HMLP) network to improve the performance of the conventional HMLP network. We adopted the Clustering Algorithm from the Radial Basis Function (RBF) network architecture and ... Keywords: Clustered-Hybrid Multilayer Perceptron network, Clustered-Modified Recursive Prediction Error, Clustering Algorithm, Neural network, Pattern Recognition, Radial Basis Function

Nor Ashidi Mat Isa; Wan Mohd Fahmi Wan Mamat

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Feature-based clustering for electricity use time series data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time series clustering has been shown effective in providing useful information in various applications. This paper presents an efficient computational method for time series clustering and its application focusing creation of more accurate electricity ... Keywords: electricity distribution, electricity use data, feature extraction, feature-based clustering, load curves, time series clustering

Teemu Räsänen; Mikko Kolehmainen

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Cooperative Large Area Surveillance with a Team of Aerial Mobile Robots for Long Endurance Missions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a distributed approach to solve long duration area surveillance missions with a team of aerial robots, taking into account communication constraints. The system, based on "one-to-one" coordination, minimizes the probability that any ... Keywords: Area surveillance, Cooperation, Coordination, Decentralized systems, Long endurance missions, Multi-UAS systems

Jose Joaquin Acevedo; Begoña C. Arrue; Ivan Maza; Anibal Ollero

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Algorithms for Gene Clustering Analysis on Genomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increased availability of data in biological databases provides many opportunities for understanding biological processes through these data. As recent attention has shifted from sequence analysis to higher-level analysis of genes across multiple genomes, there is a need to develop efficient algorithms for these large-scale applications that can help us understand the functions of genes. The overall objective of my research was to develop improved methods which can automatically assign groups of functionally related genes in large-scale data sets by applying new gene clustering algorithms. Proposed gene clustering algorithms that can help us understand gene function and genome evolution include new algorithms for protein family classification, a window-based strategy for gene clustering on chromosomes, and an exhaustive strategy that allows all clusters of small size to be enumerated. I investigate the problems of gene clustering in multiple genomes, and define gene clustering problems using mathematical methodology and solve the problems by developing efficient and effective algorithms. For protein family classification, I developed two supervised classification algorithms that can assign proteins to existing protein families in public databases and, by taking into account similarities between the unclassified proteins, allows for progressive construction of new families from proteins that cannot be assigned. This approach is useful for rapid assignment of protein sequences from genome sequencing projects to protein families. A comparative analysis of the method to other previously developed methods shows that the algorithm has a higher accuracy rate and lower mis-classification rate when compared to algorithms that are based on the use of multiple sequence alignments and hidden Markov models. The proposed algorithm performs well even on families with very few proteins and on families with low sequence similarity. Apart from the analysis of individual sequences, identifying genomic regions that descended from a common ancestor helps us study gene function and genome evolution. In distantly related genomes, clusters of homologous gene pairs serve as evidence used in function prediction, operon detection, etc. Thus, reliable identification of gene clusters is critical to functional annotation and analysis of genes. I developed an efficient gene clustering algorithm that can be applied on hundreds of genomes at the same time. This approach allows for large-scale study of evolutionary relationships of gene clusters and study of operon formation and destruction. By placing a stricter limit on the maximum cluster size, I developed another algorithm that uses a different formulation based on constraining the overall size of a cluster and statistical estimates that allow direct comparisons of clusters of different size. A comparative analysis of proposed algorithms shows that more biological insight can be obtained by analyzing gene clusters across hundreds of genomes, which can help us understand operon occurrences, gene orientations and gene rearrangements.

Yi, Gang Man

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

borrow_area.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

information information at Weldon Spring, Missouri. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. developed by the former WSSRAP Community Relations Department to provide comprehensive descriptions of key activities that took place throughout the cleanup process The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) approved a plan on June 9, 1995, allowing the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP) to excavate nearly 2 million cubic yards of clay material from land in the Weldon Spring Conservation Area. Clay soil from a borrow area was used to construct the permanent disposal facility at the Weldon Spring site. Clay soil was chosen to construct the disposal facility because it has low permeability when

362

Focus Area Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

information provided was consolidated from the original five focus areas for the EM information provided was consolidated from the original five focus areas for the EM Corporate QA Board. The status of QAP/QIP approvals etc. was accurate at the time of posting; however, additional approvals may have been achieved since that time. If you have any questions about the information provided, please contact Bob Murray at robert.murray@em.doe.gov Task # Task Description Status 1.1 Develop a brief questionnaire to send out to both commercial and EM contractors to describe their current approach for identifying the applicable QA requirements for subcontractors, tailoring the requirements based upon risk, process for working with procurement to ensure QA requirements are incorporated into subcontracts, and implementing verification of requirement flow-down by their

363

Focus Area 3 Deliverables  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 - Commercial Grade item and Services 3 - Commercial Grade item and Services Dedication Implementation and Nuclear Services Office of Environmental Management And Energy Facility Contractors Group Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan Project Focus Area Task # and Description Deliverable Project Area 3-Commercial Grade Item and Services Dedication 3.1-Complete a survey of selected EM contractors to identify the process and basis for their CGI dedication program including safety classification of items being dedicated for nuclear applications within their facilities Completed Survey Approvals: Yes/No/NA Project Managers: S. Waisley, D. Tuttel Yes Executive Committee: D. Chung, J. Yanek, N. Barker, D. Amerine No EM QA Corporate Board: No Energy Facility Contractors Group

364

Argonne area restaurants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

area restaurants area restaurants Amber Cafe 13 N. Cass Ave. Westmont, IL 60559 630-515-8080 www.ambercafe.net Argonne Guest House Building 460 Argonne, IL 60439 630-739-6000 www.anlgh.org Ballydoyle Irish Pub & Restaurant 5157 Main Street Downers Grove, IL 60515 630-969-0600 www.ballydoylepub.com Bd's Mongolian Grill The Promenade Shopping Center Boughton Rd. & I-355 Bolingbrook, IL 60440 630-972-0450 www.gomongo.com Branmor's American Grill 300 Veterans Parkway Bolingbrook, IL 60440 630-226-9926 www.branmors.com Buca di Beppo 90 Yorktown Convenience Center Lombard, IL 60148 630-932-7673 www.bucadibeppo.com California Pizza Kitchen 551 Oakbrook Center Oak Brook, IL 60523 630-571-7800 www.cpk.com Capri Ristorante 5101 Main Street Downers Grove, IL 60516 630-241-0695 www.capriristorante.com Carrabba's Italian Grill

365

On Using “Climatology” as a Reference Strategy in the Brier and Ranked Probability Skill Scores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Brier and ranked probability skill scores are widely used as skill metrics of probabilistic forecasts of weather and climate. As skill scores, they compare the extent to which a forecast strategy outperforms a (usually simpler) reference ...

Simon J. Mason

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

On Probabilities of E2 Transitions between Positive-Parity States in ^160Dy Nucleus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduced probabilities B(E2) of \\gamma transitions between states of positive parity in the ^160Dy nucleus are calculated within the framework of the interacting boson model (IBM-1). The results are compared with the experimental data.

J. Adam; V. P. Garistov; M. Honusek; J. Dobes; I. Zvolski; J. Mrazek; A. A. Solnyshkin

2004-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

367

Shape control of conditional output probability density functions for linear stochastic systems with random parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a controller design for shaping conditional output probability density functions (pdf) for non-Gaussian dynamic stochastic systems whose coefficients are random and represented by their known pdfs. The moment-generating ...

Aiping Wang; Yongji Wang; Hong Wang

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The Probability Distribution of Wind Power From a Dispersed Array of Wind Turbine Generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented for estimating the probability distribution of wind power from a dispersed array of wind turbine sites where the correlation between wind speeds at distinct sites is less than unity. The distribution is obtained from a model ...

John Carlin; John Haslett

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Forecasting Long-Lead Rainfall Probability with Application to Australia’s Northeastern Coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors develop a method for the long-lead forecasting of El Niño–influenced rainfall probability and illustrate it using the economically important prediction, from the beginning of the year, of September–November (SON) rainfall in the ...

Allan J. Clarke; Stephen Van Gorder; Yvette Everingham

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Probability Distribution of Modal Amplitudes in Interacting Triads with Arbitrary Random Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with a statistical-mechanical approach to the problem of calculating the statistics of randomly forced triads of modes in the two-dimensional flow of a viscous fluid. We first construct the probability distribution of modal ...

Philip D. Thompson

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

On the evaluation of human error probabilities for post-initiating events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantification of human error probabilities (HEPs) for the purpose of human reliability assessment (HRA) is very complex. Because of this complexity, the state of the art includes a variety of HRA models, each with its own ...

Presley, Mary R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Objective Estimation of the 24-h Probability of Tropical Cyclone Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new product for estimating the 24-h probability of TC formation in individual 5° × 5° subregions of the North Atlantic, eastern North Pacific, and western North Pacific tropical basins is developed. This product uses environmental and ...

Andrea B. Schumacher; Mark DeMaria; John A. Knaff

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Small-Scale and Mesoscale Variability in Cloudy Boundary Layers: Joint Probability Density Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The joint probability density function (PDF) of vertical velocity and conserved scalars is important for at least two reasons. First, the shape of the joint PDF determines the buoyancy flux in partly cloudy layers. Second, the PDF provides a ...

Vincent E. Larson; Jean-Christophe Golaz; William R. Cotton

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

The Advection–Diffusion Problem for Stratospheric Flow. Part II: Probability Distribution Function of Tracer Gradients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is a continuation of the study of the advection–diffusion problem for stratospheric flow, and deals with the probability distribution function (PDF) of gradients of a freely decaying passive tracer. Theoretical arguments are reviewed ...

Yongyun Hu; Raymond T. Pierrehumbert

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Using Probability Density Functions to Derive Consistent Closure Relationships among Higher-Order Moments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parameterizations of turbulence often predict several lower-order moments and make closure assumptions for higher-order moments. In principle, the low- and high-order moments share the same probability density function (PDF). One closure ...

Vincent E. Larson; Jean-Christophe Golaz

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

An Isofactorial Change-of-Scale Model for the Wind Speed Probability Density Function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wind speed probability density function (PDF) is used in a variety of applications in meteorology, oceanography, and climatology usually as a dataset comparison tool of a function of a quantity such as momentum flux or wind power density. The ...

Mark L. Morrissey; Angie Albers; J. Scott Greene; Susan Postawko

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

General Probability-matched Relations between Radar Reflectivity and Rain Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method of deriving the relation between radar-observed reflectivities Ze and gauge-measured rain intensity, R is presented. It is based on matching the probabilities of the two variables. The observed reflectivity is often very different from ...

Daniel Rosenfeld; David B. Wolff; David Atlas

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Non-Gaussian Velocity Probability Density Functions: An Altimetric Perspective of the Mediterranean Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Velocity probability density functions (PDFs) are a key tool to study complex flows and are of great importance to model particle dispersion. The PDFs of geostrophic velocities derived from sea level anomalies maps for the Mediterranean Sea have ...

Jordi Isern-Fontanet; Emilio García-Ladona; Jordi Font; Antonio García-Olivares

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Warm Season Lightning Probability Prediction for Canada and the Northern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical models valid May–September were developed to predict the probability of lightning in 3-h intervals using observations from the North American Lightning Detection Network and predictors derived from Global Environmental Multiscale (GEM)...

William R. Burrows; Colin Price; Laurence J. Wilson

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Noise figure and photon probability distribution in Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The noise figure and photon probability distribution are calculated for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) where an anti-Stokes signal is converted to Stokes. We find that the minimum noise figure is ~ 3dB.

Dimitropoulos, D; Jalali, B; Solli, D R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Probability Distribution Characteristics for Surface Air–Sea Turbulent Heat Fluxes over the Global Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To analyze the probability density distributions of surface turbulent heat fluxes, the authors apply the two-parametric modified Fisher–Tippett (MFT) distribution to the sensible and latent turbulent heat fluxes recomputed from 6-hourly NCEP–NCAR ...

Sergey K. Gulev; Konstantin Belyaev

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Climatological Estimates of Daily Local Nontornadic Severe Thunderstorm Probability for the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The probability of nontornadic severe weather event reports near any location in the United States for any day of the year has been estimated. Gaussian smoothers in space and time have been applied to the observed record of severe thunderstorm ...

Charles A. Doswell III; Harold E. Brooks; Michael P. Kay

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Evaluation of the National Hurricane Center’s Tropical Cyclone Wind Speed Probability Forecast Product  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tropical cyclone (TC) wind speed probability forecast product developed at the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA) and adopted by the National Hurricane Center (NHC) is evaluated for U.S. land-threatening and landfalling ...

Michael E. Splitt; Jaclyn A. Shafer; Steven M. Lazarus; William P. Roeder

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Empirical Models of the Probability Distribution of Sea Surface Wind Speeds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study considers the probability distribution of sea surface wind speeds, which have historically been modeled using the Weibull distribution. First, non-Weibull structure in the observed sea surface wind speeds (from SeaWinds observations) ...

Adam Hugh Monahan

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

An Operational Model for Forecasting Probability of Precipitation and Yes/No Forecast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An operational system for forecasting probability of precipitation (PoP) and yes/no forecast over 10 stations during monsoon season is developed. A perfect prog method (PPM) approach is followed for statistical interpretation of numerical weather ...

Ashok Kumar; Parvinder Maini; S. V. Singh

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Decomposition of the Continuous Ranked Probability Score for Ensemble Prediction Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some time ago, the continuous ranked probability score (CRPS) was proposed as a new verification tool for (probabilistic) forecast systems. Its focus is on the entire permissible range of a certain (weather) parameter. The CRPS can be seen as a ...

Hans Hersbach

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Experiments in probability of Precipitation Amount Forecasting Using Model Output Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modifications to current model output statistics procedures for quantitative precipitation forecasting were explored. Probability of precipitation amount equations were developed for warm and cool seasons in a region in the eastern United States. ...

Raymond W. Arritt; William M. Frank

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Comparison of Objective and Subjective Precipitation Probability Forecasts: The Sufficiency Relation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the sufficiency relation is used to compare objective and subjective probability of precipitation (PoP) forecasts. The theoretical significance of the sufficiency relation in comparative evaluation arises from the fact that if it ...

Allan H. Murphy; Qian Ye

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

On the Economic Value of Probability of Precipitation Forecasts in Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canadian weather offices have recently begun to receive probability of precipitation information estimated from numerical weather prediction guidance, but this information is not given in the public forecast. This paper uses a well-known ...

Ambury Stuart

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Mineral resources of the North Algodones Dunes Wilderness Study Area (CDCA-360), Imperial County, California  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a mineral survey of the North Algodones Dunes Wilderness Study Area (CDCA-360), California Desert Conservation Area, Imperial County, California. The potential for undiscovered base and precious metals, and sand and gravel within the North Algodones Dunes Wilderness Study Area is low. The study area has a moderate potential for geothermal energy. One small sand-free area between the Coachella Canal and the west edge of the dune field would probably be the only feasible exploration site for geothermal energy. The study area has a moderate to high potential for the occurrence of undiscovered gas/condensate within the underlying rocks. 21 refs.

Smith, R.S.U.; Yeend, W.; Dohrenwend, J.C.; Gese, D.D.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Geothermal Literature Review At Geysers Geothermal Area (1984) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4) 4) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermal Literature Review At Geysers Geothermal Area (1984) Exploration Activity Details Location Geysers Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Geothermal Literature Review Activity Date 1984 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The melt zones of volcanic clusters was analyzed with recent geological and geophysical data for five magma-hydrothermal systems were studied for the purpose of developing estimates for the depth, volume and location of magma beneath each area. References Goldstein, N. E.; Flexser, S. (1 December 1984) Melt zones beneath five volcanic complexes in California: an assessment of shallow magma occurrences Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Geothermal_Literature_Review_At_Geysers_Geothermal_Area_(1984)&oldid=510811

392

Attenuation and source properties at the Coso Geothermal Area, California |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source properties at the Coso Geothermal Area, California source properties at the Coso Geothermal Area, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Attenuation and source properties at the Coso Geothermal Area, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We use a multiple-empirical Green's function method to determine source properties of small (M -0.4 to 1.3) earthquakes and P- and S-wave attenuation at the Coso Geothermal Field, California. Source properties of a previously identified set of clustered events from the Coso geothermal region are first analyzed using an empirical Green's function (EGF) method. Stress-drop values of at least 0.5-1 MPa are inferred for all of the events; in many cases, the corner frequency is outside the usable bandwidth, and the stress drop can only be constrained as being higher than

393

THE NEXT GENERATION VIRGO CLUSTER SURVEY (NGVS). I. INTRODUCTION TO THE SURVEY  

SciTech Connect

The Next Generation Virgo Cluster Survey (NGVS) is a program that uses the 1 deg{sup 2} MegaCam instrument on the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope to carry out a comprehensive optical imaging survey of the Virgo cluster, from its core to its virial radius-covering a total area of 104 deg{sup 2}-in the u*griz bandpasses. Thanks to a dedicated data acquisition strategy and processing pipeline, the NGVS reaches a point-source depth of g Almost-Equal-To 25.9 mag (10{sigma}) and a surface brightness limit of {mu}{sub g} {approx} 29 mag arcsec{sup -2} (2{sigma} above the mean sky level), thus superseding all previous optical studies of this benchmark galaxy cluster. In this paper, we give an overview of the technical aspects of the survey, such as areal coverage, field placement, choice of filters, limiting magnitudes, observing strategies, data processing and calibration pipelines, survey timeline, and data products. We also describe the primary scientific topics of the NGVS, which include: the galaxy luminosity and mass functions; the color-magnitude relation; galaxy scaling relations; compact stellar systems; galactic nuclei; the extragalactic distance scale; the large-scale environment of the cluster and its relationship to the Local Supercluster; diffuse light and the intracluster medium; galaxy interactions and evolutionary processes; and extragalactic star clusters. In addition, we describe a number of ancillary programs dealing with 'foreground' and 'background' science topics, including the study of high-inclination trans-Neptunian objects; the structure of the Galactic halo in the direction of the Virgo Overdensity and Sagittarius Stream; the measurement of cosmic shear, galaxy-galaxy, and cluster lensing; and the identification of distant galaxy clusters, and strong-lensing events.

Ferrarese, Laura; Cote, Patrick; Gwyn, S. D. J.; MacArthur, Lauren A.; McConnachie, Alan W.; Blakeslee, John P. [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, Victoria, BC, V9E 2E7 (Canada); Cuillandre, Jean-Charles [Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Corporation, Kamuela, HI 96743 (United States); Peng, Eric W. [Department of Astronomy, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Duc, Pierre-Alain [AIM Paris Saclay, CNRS/INSU, CEA/Irfu, Universite Paris Diderot, Orme des Merisiers, F-91191 Gif sur Yvette cedex (France); Boselli, A. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, UMR 6110 CNRS, 38 rue F. Joliot-Curie, F-13388 Marseille (France); Mei, Simona [GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Jannssen, F-92195 Meudon (France); Erben, Thomas [Argelander-Institut fuer Astronomie, University of Bonn, Auf dem Huegel 71, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Durrell, Patrick R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH (United States); Christopher Mihos, J. [Department of Astronomy, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH (United States); Jordan, Andres; Puzia, Thomas H. [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, 7820436 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Lancon, Ariane [Observatoire Astronomique, Universite de Strasbourg and CNRS UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Universite, F-67000 Strasbourg (France); Emsellem, Eric [Universite de Lyon 1, CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, 9 av. Charles Andre, F-69230 Saint-Genis Laval (France); CNRS, UMR 5574, ENS de Lyon (France); Balogh, Michael L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1 (Canada); Van Waerbeke, Ludovic [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1Z1 (Canada); and others

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

(Electronic structure and reactivities of transition metal clusters)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following are reported: theoretical calculations (configuration interaction, relativistic effective core potentials, polyatomics, CASSCF); proposed theoretical studies (clusters of Cu, Ag, Au, Ni, Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru; transition metal cluster ions; transition metal carbide clusters; bimetallic mixed transition metal clusters); reactivity studies on transition metal clusters (reactivity with H{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, hydrocarbons; NO and CO chemisorption on surfaces). Computer facilities and codes to be used, are described. 192 refs, 13 figs.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

[Electronic structure and reactivities of transition metal clusters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following are reported: theoretical calculations (configuration interaction, relativistic effective core potentials, polyatomics, CASSCF); proposed theoretical studies (clusters of Cu, Ag, Au, Ni, Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru; transition metal cluster ions; transition metal carbide clusters; bimetallic mixed transition metal clusters); reactivity studies on transition metal clusters (reactivity with H{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, hydrocarbons; NO and CO chemisorption on surfaces). Computer facilities and codes to be used, are described. 192 refs, 13 figs.

Not Available

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

EA-1177: Salvage/Demolition of 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Salvage/Demolition of 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 7: Salvage/Demolition of 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area Steam Plants, Richland, Washington EA-1177: Salvage/Demolition of 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area Steam Plants, Richland, Washington SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to salvage and demolish the 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area steam plants and their associated steam distribution piping equipment, and ancillary facilities at the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD October 21, 1996 EA-1177: Finding of No Significant Impact Salvage/Demolition of 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area Steam Plants October 21, 1996 EA-1177: Final Environmental Assessment

397

Probability of a Solution to the Solar Neutrino Problem Within the Minimal Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tests, independent of any solar model, can be made of whether solar neutrino experiments are consistent with the minimal Standard Model (stable, massless neutrinos). If the experimental uncertainties are correctly estimated and the sun is generating energy by light-element fusion in quasi-static equilibrium, the probability of a standard-physics solution is less than 2%. Even when the luminosity constraint is abandoned, the probability is not more than 4%. The sensitivity of the conclusions to input parameters is explored.

Karsten M. Heeger; R. G. H. Robertson

1996-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

398

The equilibrium probability distribution of a conductive sphere's floating charge in a collisionless, drifting Maxwellian plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A dust grain in a plasma has a fluctuating electric charge, and past work concludes that spherical grains in a stationary, collisionless plasma have an essentially Gaussian charge probability distribution. This paper extends that work to flowing plasmas and arbitrarily large spheres, deriving analytic charge probability distributions up to normalizing constants. We find that these distributions also have good Gaussian approximations, with analytic expressions for their mean and variance.

Thomas, Drew M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Joint probability generating function for a vector of arbitrary indicator variables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We obtain formulas for the probability generating function of general multivariate Bernoulli distributions, and for the moment generating function of the aggregate claim amount for individual risk models with dependencies. Several examples are given. ... Keywords: 60E05, 60E10, 60G09, 62A25, Exchangeability, Indicator variables, Individual risk models, Probability generating function, Random sums, primary 62E15, secondary 62E20

Nikolai Kolev; Ekaterina T. Kolkovska; José Alfredo López-Mimbela

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Absolute Ages of Globular Clusters and the Age of the Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main sequence turnoff luminosity is the best stellar `clock' which can be used to determine the absolute ages of globular clusters. This is due to the fact that it is generally assumed that the luminosity and lifetimes of main sequence globular cluster stars are independent of the properties of stellar convection and atmospheres, two areas of stellar evolution which are poorly understood. Several possible sources of error in this stellar clock are discussed, and isochrones are constructed using a variety of different physical assumptions. The mean age of the oldest globular clusters are determined from these isochrones and it is found that the uncertainties in the input physics can lead to changes in the derived age of $\\pm 15\\%$. Surprisingly the largest source of error is the mixing length theory of convection. It is well known that uncertainties in the distance scale and chemical composition of globular cluster stars lead to changes of order $\\sim 22\\%$ in the determination of absolute ages. Combining the various sources of error, the absolute age of the oldest globular clusters are found to lie in the range 11 --- 21 Gyr. This is meant to be a total theoretical range. For the standard inflationary model ($\\Omega = 1, \\Lambda = 0$), a minimum age of the universe of 11 Gyr requires $H_o \\la 60~\\kmsmpc$.

Brian Chaboyer

1994-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Clusters, Groups, and Filaments in the Chandra Deep Field-South up to Redshift 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a comprehensive structure detection analysis of the 0.3 square degree area of the MUSYC-ACES field which covers the Chandra Deep Field-South (CDFS). Using a density-based clustering algorithm on the MUSYC and ACES photometric and spectroscopic catalogues we find 62 over-dense regions up to redshifts of 1, including, clusters, groups and filaments. All structures are confirmed using the DBSCAN method, including the detection of nine structures previously reported in the literature. We present a catalogue of all structures present including their central position, mean redshift, velocity dispersions, and classification based on their morphological and spectroscopic distributions. In particular we find 13 galaxy clusters and 6 large groups/small clusters. Comparison of these massive structures with published XMM-Newton imaging (where available) shows that $80\\%$ of these structures are associated with diffuse, soft-band (0.4 - 1 keV) X-ray emission including $90\\%$ of all objects classified as cluster...

Dehghan, Siamak

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Obtaining the Probability Vector Current Density in Canonical Quantum Mechanics by Linear Superposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantum mechanics status of the probability vector current density has long seemed to be marginal. On one hand no systematic prescription for its construction is provided, and the special examples of it that are obtained for particular types of Hamiltonian operator could conceivably be attributed to happenstance. On the other hand this concept's key physical interpretation as local average particle flux, which flows from the equation of continuity that it is supposed to satisfy in conjunction with the probability scalar density, has been claimed to breach the uncertainty principle. Given the dispiriting impact of that claim, we straightaway point out that the subtle directional nature of the uncertainty principle makes it consistent with the measurement of local average particle flux. We next focus on the fact that the unique closed-form linear-superposition quantization of any classical Hamiltonian function yields in tandem the corresponding unique linear-superposition closed-form divergence of the probability vector current density. Because the probability vector current density is linked to the quantum physics only through the occurrence of its divergence in the equation of continuity, it is theoretically most appropriate to construct this vector field exclusively from its divergence -- analysis of the best-known "textbook" special example of a probability vector current density shows that it is thus constructed. That special example in fact leads to the physically interesting "Ehrenfest subclass" of probability vector current densities, which are closely related to their classical peers.

Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

2013-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

403

X-RAY BINARIES AND STAR CLUSTERS IN THE ANTENNAE: OPTICAL CLUSTER COUNTERPARTS  

SciTech Connect

We compare the locations of 82 X-ray binaries (XRBs) detected in the merging Antennae galaxies by Zezas et al., based on observations taken with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, with a catalog of optically selected star clusters presented by Whitmore et al., based on observations taken with the Hubble Space Telescope. Within the 2{sigma} positional uncertainty of Almost-Equal-To 0.''8, we find 22 XRBs are coincident with star clusters, where only two to three chance coincidences are expected. The ages of the clusters were estimated by comparing their UBVI, H{alpha} colors with predictions from stellar evolutionary models. We find that 14 of the 22 coincident XRBs (64%) are hosted by star clusters with ages of Almost-Equal-To 6 Myr or less. All of the very young host clusters are fairly massive and have M {approx}> 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} M {sub Sun }, with many having masses M Almost-Equal-To 10{sup 5} M {sub Sun }. Five of the XRBs are hosted by young clusters with ages {tau} Almost-Equal-To 10-100 Myr, while three are hosted by intermediate-age clusters with {tau} Almost-Equal-To 100-300 Myr. Based on the results from recent N-body simulations, which suggest that black holes are far more likely to be retained within their parent clusters than neutron stars, we suggest that our sample consists primarily of black hole binaries with different ages.

Rangelov, Blagoy; Chandar, Rupali [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States); Prestwich, Andrea [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Whitmore, Bradley C., E-mail: blagoy.rangelov@gmail.com [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

404

Size-restricted cluster formation and cluster maintenance technique for mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile ad hoc networks may be composed of a large number of nodes and hence a hierarchical cluster-based structure can be employed to address the scalability issues of the large network. In this paper we propose a size-restricted, distributed clustering ...

Gayathri Venkataraman; Sabu Emmanuel; Srikanthan Thambipillai

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

TopCluster: A hybrid cluster model to support dynamic deployment in Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cluster virtualization is a promising approach to construct customized execution environments for Grid users. However, Virtual-Machine Cluster (VCluster) comes with the cost of the overhead caused by virtual machines, which therefore degrades system ... Keywords: Distributed architectures, Distributed systems, Heterogeneous (hybrid) systems

Gang Chen; Yongwei Wu; Jie Wu; Weimin Zheng

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

An ACS Survey of Globular Clusters V: Star Catalog for Each Cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ACS Survey of Globular Clusters has used HST's Wide-Field Channel to obtain uniform imaging of 65 of the nearest globular clusters to provide an extensive homogeneous dataset for a broad range of scientific investigations. The survey goals required not only a uniform observing strategy, but also a uniform reduction strategy. To this end, we designed a sophisticated software program to process the cluster data in an automated way. The program identifies stars simultaneously in the multiple dithered exposures for each cluster and measures them using the best available PSF models. We describe here in detail the program's rationale, algorithms, and output. The routine was also designed to perform artificial-star tests, and we run a standard set of ~10^5 tests for each cluster in the survey. The catalog described here will be exploited in a number of upcoming papers and will eventually be made available to the public via the world-wide web.

Jay Anderson; Ata Sarajedini; Luigi R. Bedin; Ivan R. King; Giampaolo Piotto; I. Neill Reid; Michael Siegel; Steven R. Majewski; Nathaniel E. Q. Paust; Antonio Aparicio; Antonino P. Milone; Brian Chaboyer; Alfred Rosenberg

2008-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

407

An ACS Survey of Globular Clusters V: Star Catalog for Each Cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ACS Survey of Globular Clusters has used HST's Wide-Field Channel to obtain uniform imaging of 65 of the nearest globular clusters to provide an extensive homogeneous dataset for a broad range of scientific investigations. The survey goals required not only a uniform observing strategy, but also a uniform reduction strategy. To this end, we designed a sophisticated software program to process the cluster data in an automated way. The program identifies stars simultaneously in the multiple dithered exposures for each cluster and measures them using the best available PSF models. We describe here in detail the program's rationale, algorithms, and output. The routine was also designed to perform artificial-star tests, and we run a standard set of ~10^5 tests for each cluster in the survey. The catalog described here will be exploited in a number of upcoming papers and will eventually be made available to the public via the world-wide web.

Anderson, Jay; Bedin, Luigi R; King, Ivan R; Piotto, Giampaolo; Reid, I Neill; Siegel, Michael; Majewski, Steven R; Paust, Nathaniel E Q; Aparicio, Antonio; Milone, Antonino P; Chaboyer, Brian; Rosenberg, Alfred

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Heating Rate Profiles in Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years evidence has accumulated suggesting that the gas in galaxy clusters is heated by non-gravitational processes. Here we calculate the heating rates required to maintain a physically motived mass flow rate, in a sample of seven galaxy clusters. We employ the spectroscopic mass deposition rates as an observational input along with temperature and density data for each cluster. On energetic grounds we find that thermal conduction could provide the necessary heating for A2199, Perseus, A1795 and A478. However, the suppression factor, of the clasical Spitzer value, is a different function of radius for each cluster. Based on the observations of plasma bubbles we also calculate the duty cycles for each AGN, in the absence of thermal conduction, which can provide the required energy input. With the exception of Hydra-A it appears that each of the other AGNs in our sample require duty cycles of roughly $10^{6}-10^{7}$ yrs to provide their steady-state heating requirements. If these duty cycles are unrealistic, this may imply that many galaxy clusters must be heated by very powerful Hydra-A type events interspersed between more frequent smaller-scale outbursts. The suppression factors for the thermal conductivity required for combined heating by AGN and thermal conduction are generally acceptable. However, these suppression factors still require `fine-tuning` of the thermal conductivity as a function of radius. As a consequence of this work we present the AGN duty cycle as a cooling flow diagnostic.

Edward C. D. Pope; Georgi Pavlovski; Christian R. Kaiser; Hans Fangohr

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

409

Fuzzy Logic Connectivity in Semiconductor Defect Clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In joining defects on semiconductor wafer maps into clusters, it is common for defects caused by different sources to overlap. Simple morphological image processing tends to either join too many unrelated defects together or not enough together. Expert semiconductor fabrication engineers have demonstrated that they can easily group clusters of defects from a common manufacturing problem source into a single signature. Capturing this thought process is ideally suited for fuzzy logic. A system of rules was developed to join disconnected clusters based on properties such as elongation, orientation, and distance. The clusters are evaluated on a pair-wise basis using the fuzzy rules and are joined or not joined based on a defuzzification and threshold. The system continuously re-evaluates the clusters under consideration as their fuzzy memberships change with each joining action. The fuzzy membership functions for each pair-wise feature, the techniques used to measure the features, and methods for improving the speed of the system are all developed. Examples of the process are shown using real-world semiconductor wafer maps obtained from chip manufacturers. The algorithm is utilized in the Spatial Signature Analyzer (SSA) software, a joint development project between Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL) and SEMATECH.

Gleason, S.S.; Kamowski, T.P.; Tobin, K.W.

1999-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

410

The Relative Ages of Galactic Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a review of the present state of knowledge regarding the relative ages of Galactic globular clusters. First, we discuss the relevant galaxy formation models and describe the detailed predictions they make with respect to the formation timescale and chemical evolution of the globular clusters. Next, the techniques used to estimate globular cluster ages are described and evaluated with particular emphasis on the advantages and disadvantages of each method. With these techniques as a foundation, we present arguments in favor of the following assertions: 1) The age of a globular cluster is the likeliest candidate to be the global second parameter, which along with metal abundance, controls the morphology of the horizonal branch. 2) A total age range of as much as $\\sim$5 Gyr exists among the bulk of the Galactic globulars. 3) There is a significant relation between age and metallicity among the Galactic globular clusters if the slope of the \\mvrr-\\feh relation is less than $\\sim$0.23. These conclusions along with other supporting evidence favor a formation scenario in which the inner regions of the Galactic halo collapsed in a monotonic fashion over a short time period much less than 1 Gyr. In contrast, the outer regions of the halo fragmented and collapsed in a chaotic manner over several Gyrs.

Ata Sarajedini; Brian Chaboyer; Pierre Demarque

1997-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

411

Photoionising feedback in star cluster formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first ever hydrodynamic calculations of star cluster formation that incorporate the effect of feedback from ionising radiation. In our simulations, the ionising source forms in the cluster core at the intersection of several dense filaments of inflowing gas. We show that these filaments collimate ionised outflows and suggest such an environmental origin for at least some observed outflows in regions of massive star formation. Our simulations show both positive feedback (i.e. promotion of star formation in neutral gas compressed by expanding HII regions) and negative feedback (i.e. suppression of the accretion flow in to the central regions). We show that the volume filling factor of ionised gas is very different in our simulations than would result from the case where the central source interacted with an azimuthally smoothed gas density distribution. As expected, gas density is the key parameter in determining whether clusters are unbound by photoionising radiation. Nevertheless, we find - on account of the acceleration of a small fraction of the gas to high velocities in the outflows - that the deposition in the gas of an energy that exceeds the binding energy of the cluster is not a sufficient criterion for unbinding the bulk of the cluster mass.

J. E. Dale; I. A. Bonnell; C. J. Clarke; M. R. Bate

2005-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

412

Clustering of Aerosols in Atmospheric Turbulent Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mechanism of formation of small-scale inhomogeneities in spatial distributions of aerosols and droplets associated with clustering instability in the atmospheric turbulent flow is discussed. The particle clustering is a consequence of a spontaneous breakdown of their homogeneous space distribution due to the clustering instability, and is caused by a combined effect of the particle inertia and a finite correlation time of the turbulent velocity field. In this paper a theoretical approach proposed in Phys. Rev. E 66, 036302 (2002) is further developed and applied to investigate the mechanisms of formation of small-scale aerosol inhomogeneities in the atmospheric turbulent flow. The theory of the particle clustering instability is extended to the case when the particle Stokes time is larger than the Kolmogorov time scale, but is much smaller than the correlation time at the integral scale of turbulence. We determined the criterion of the clustering instability for the Stokes number larger than 1. We discussed applications of the analyzed effects to the dynamics of aerosols and droplets in the atmospheric turbulent flow.

T. Elperin; N. Kleeorin; M. A. Liberman; V. L'vov; I. Rogachevskii

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Searching for Variability in the Globular Cluster Messier 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-series data taken with the Hubble Space Telescope of a field six core radii (~5') from the center of the globular cluster Messier 4, and covering a period of about 10 weeks in early 2001, have been analyzed in search of variable objects. Various criteria were employed to select candidate variable stars. Period searches were performed on the selected candidates using phase dispersion minimization (PDM). The reliability of the PDM search results was tested using synthetic light curves of eclipsing binary stars and sinusoidal light curves of different periods. Results from this analysis showed that there are probably no eclipsing binary stars or periodic variables in our field with periods on the order of a few hours to a few days, down to limiting magnitudes of V~25 and I~24, which is consistent with the absence of contact binaries such as W Ursae Majoris systems. However, one candidate variable star does show an increase in brightness of ~0.1 magnitudes in both bandpasses, which seems to last for a few days. Possible explanations concerning the nature of this object include a binary system with a white dwarf primary and a low-mass main sequence secondary, or a BY Draconis variable star. We are able to set an upper limit to the observed fraction of photometric variability in this dataset of 0.05%.

Robert D. Ferdman; Harvey B. Richer; James Brewer; Greg G. Fahlman; Brad K. Gibson; Brad M. S. Hansen; Mark E. Huber; Rodrigo A. Ibata; Jasonjot S. Kalirai; Jaymie M. Matthews; R. Michael Rich; Jason F. Rowe; Michael M. Shara; Peter B. Stetson

2003-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

414

Large area bulk superconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bulk superconductor having a thickness of not less than about 100 microns is carried by a polycrystalline textured substrate having misorientation angles at the surface thereof not greater than about 15.degree.; the bulk superconductor may have a thickness of not less than about 100 microns and a surface area of not less than about 50 cm.sup.2. The textured substrate may have a thickness not less than about 10 microns and misorientation angles at the surface thereof not greater than about 15.degree.. Also disclosed is a process of manufacturing the bulk superconductor and the polycrystalline biaxially textured substrate material.

Miller, Dean J. (Darien, IL); Field, Michael B. (Jersey City, NJ)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Optimization Online - All Areas Submissions - July 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The global optimization of Morse clusters by potential energy transformations ... Mathematical optimization for the inverse problem of intensity modulated ...

416

Western Area Power Administration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

v*Zy- i , . v*Zy- i , . r ,v * -i S # Af [, (e- . - o -A tl }r- 0 v-" l^~4~S J l ^-)^ I^U^ck iM clti ^ Area Power Administration Follow-up to Nov. 25, 2008 Transition Meeting Undeveloped Transmission Right-of-Way Western has very little undeveloped transmission right-of-way. There is a 7-mile right- of-way between Folsom, CA and Roseville, CA where Western acquired a 250' wide right-of-way but is only using half of it. Another line could be built parallel to Western's line to relieve congestion in the Sacramento area. In addition, Western has rights-of- way for many transmission lines that could be rebuilt to increase transmission capacity. For example, Western's Tracy-Livermore 230-kV line is a single circuit line but the existing towers could support a double circuit line. These rights-of-way would have to

417

Geothermal Areas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Areas Geothermal Areas Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Areas Geothermal Areas are specific locations of geothermal potential (e.g., Coso Geothermal Area). The base set of geothermal areas used in this database came from the 253 geothermal areas identified by the USGS in their 2008 Resource Assessment.[1] Additional geothermal areas were added, as needed, based on a literature search and on projects listed in the GTP's 2011 database of funded projects. Add.png Add a new Geothermal Resource Area Map of Areas List of Areas Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":2500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

418

Hot Dry Rock resources of the Clear Lake area, California  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Hot Dry Rock resources of the Clear Lake area of northern California are hot, large and areally uniform. The geological situation is special, probably overlying a slabless window caused by interaction between tectonic plates. Consequent magmatic processes have created a high-grade resource, in which the 300{degree}C isotherm is continuous, subhorizontal, and available at the shallow depth of 2.4 to 4.7 km over an area of 800 km{sup 2}. The region is very favorable for HDR development.

Burns, K.L.; Potter, R.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Peake, R.A. [California Energy Commission, CA (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

THE FORMATION OF YOUNG DENSE STAR CLUSTERS THROUGH MERGERS  

SciTech Connect

Young star clusters such as NGC 3603 and Westerlund 1 and 2 in the Milky Way and R136 in the Large Magellanic Cloud are dynamically more evolved than expected based on their current relaxation times. In particular, the combination of a high degree of mass segregation, a relatively low central density, and the large number of massive runaway stars in their vicinity are hard to explain with the monolithic formation of these clusters. Young star clusters can achieve such a mature dynamical state if they formed through the mergers of a number of less massive clusters. The shorter relaxation times of less massive clusters cause them to dynamically evolve further by the time they merge, and the merger product preserves the memory of the dynamical evolution of its constituent clusters. With a series of N-body simulations, we study the dynamical evolution of single massive clusters and those that are assembled through merging smaller clusters together. We find that the formation of massive star clusters through the mergers of smaller clusters can reproduce the currently observed spatial distribution of massive stars, the density, and the characteristics (number and mass distribution) of the stars ejected as runaways from young dense clusters. We therefore conclude that these clusters and possibly other young massive star clusters formed through the mergers of smaller clusters.

Fujii, M. S.; Portegies Zwart, S. F. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, NL-2300RA Leiden (Netherlands); Saitoh, T. R. [Interactive Research Center of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Supersonic Bare Metal Cluster Beams. Final Report  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A major portion of the project involved elucidating the relation between reactivity and the electronic structure of transition-metal (TM) clusters of 2--200 atoms, which required the construction and continuous development of two principal apparati; the Fourier Transform-Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FT-ICR) apparatus, and Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy (UPS). Together, these machines have enabled the most detailed probing of the structure and chemical reactivity of TM clusters. Clusters of all the transition metals were included in these studies. Fundamental aspects in chemisorption, reactivity, and heterogeneous catalysis have also become better understood as a result of these experiments for important classes of systems such as H{sub 2}, CO, and CO{sub 2} adsorbed onto clusters of many of the metals listed above. In particular, a correlation was found between reactivity of H{sub 2} with Fe, Co, and Ni clusters and differences between the cluster IP and EA. As recounted in a previous technical report, the DOE`s role in the initial discovery of fullerenes at Rice was central, and from the start investigations were made into metal atoms trapped in the fullerenes cage. More recently, the authors have discovered that 2--4 atoms of La, Y, or Sc can be produced by laser vaporization of composite graphite/metal-oxide disks. This work was largely motivated by the prospects of using such endohedral TM metals for their catalytic activity without the well-known difficulties of effective support media and lack of control over particle size. Thus, while it will certainly be important to discover ways to efficiently scale up production (e.g., the solar generation method explored with DOE support), the efforts have concentrated more on characterization, purification, and manipulation of doped fullerenes. For the past two years, much of the group`s effort has involved the production, purification, and characterization of carbon nanotubes.

Smalley, R. E.

1997-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The large scale clustering of radio sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The observed two-point angular correlation function, w(theta), of mJy radio sources exhibits the puzzling feature of a power-law behaviour up to very large (almost 10 degrees) angular scales which cannot be accounted for in the standard hierarchical clustering scenario for any realistic redshift distribution of such sources. After having discarded the possibility that the signal can be explained by a high density local source population, we find no alternatives to assuming that - at variance with all the other extragalactic populations studied so far, and in particular with optically selected quasars - radio sources responsible for the large-scale clustering signal were increasingly less clustered with increasing look-back time, up to at least z=1. The data are accurately accounted for in terms of a bias function which decreases with increasing redshift, mirroring the evolution with cosmic time of the characteristic halo mass, M_{star}, entering the non linear regime. In the framework of the `concordance cosmology', the effective halo mass controlling the bias parameter is found to decrease from about 10^{15} M_{sun}/h at z=0 to the value appropriate for optically selected quasars, 10^{13} M_{sun}/h, at z=1.5. This suggests that, in the redshift range probed by the data, the clustering evolution of radio sources is ruled by the growth of large-scale structure, and that they are associated with the densest environments virializing at any cosmic epoch. The data provide only loose constraints on radio source clustering at z>1 so we cannot rule out the possibility that at these redshifts the clustering evolution of radio sources enters a different regime, perhaps similar to that found for optically selected quasars. The dependence of w(theta) on cosmological parameters is also discussed.

M. Negrello; M. Magliocchetti; G. De Zotti

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

422

Automatic induction of verb classes using clustering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Shi, 2001) which consistently outperforms other previous methods in our studies. We also introduce a method to automatically de- tect the number of clusters for SPEC (Zelnik-Manor and Perona, 2004). In addition, we introduce HGFC (Yu et al., 2006) as a... and Shi, 2001) which consistently outperforms other previous methods in our studies. We also introduce a method to automatically de- tect the number of clusters for SPEC (Zelnik-Manor and Perona, 2004). In addition, we introduce HGFC (Yu et al., 2006) as a...

Sun, Lin

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

423

Photocatalytic semiconductor clusters for fuel production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High quality crystalline, monodisperse nanometer-size semiconductor clusters were successfully grown using an inverse micellar synthesis process and their optical and structural properties were studied. Among the materials studied were PbS, FeS{sub 2}, MoS{sub 2}, CdS and related compounds. The results demonstrated strong electronic quantum confinement effects and broad tailorability of the bandgaps with decreasing cluster size, features that are important for the potential use of these materials as photocatalysts for solar fuel production and solar detoxification. The highlights of the work are included in an Executive Summary.

Wilcoxon, J.P.; Bliss, D.E.; Martin, J.E. [and others

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Coupled-cluster computations of atomic nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past decade, coupled-cluster theory has seen a renaissance in nuclear physics, with computations of neutron-rich and medium-mass nuclei. The method is efficient for nuclei with product-state references, and it describes many aspects of weakly bound and unbound nuclei. This report reviews the technical and conceptual developments of this method in nuclear physics, and the results of coupled-cluster calculations for nucleonic matter, and for exotic isotopes of helium, oxygen, calcium, and some of their neighbors.

G. Hagen; T. Papenbrock; M. Hjorth-Jensen; D. J. Dean

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

425

A review on particle swarm optimization algorithms and their applications to data clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data clustering is one of the most popular techniques in data mining. It is a method of grouping data into clusters, in which each cluster must have data of great similarity and high dissimilarity with other cluster data. The most popular clustering ... Keywords: Data clustering, Data mining, K-mean clustering, Particle swarm optimization

Sandeep Rana; Sanjay Jasola; Rajesh Kumar

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Spectroscopy at metal cluster surfaces. Annual report, Year 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The focus of our research program is the study of gas phase metal clusters to evaluate their potential to model fundamental interactions present on metal surfaces. To do this, we characterize the chemical bonding present between the component atoms in metal clusters as well as the bonding exhibited by ``physisorption`` on cluster surfaces. Electronic spectra, vibrational frequencies and bond neutral and ionized clusters with a variety of laser/mass spectrometry techniques. We are particularly interested in bimetallic cluster systems, and how their properties compare to those of corresponding pure metal clusters.

Duncan, M.A.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Isotopic Analysis- Fluid At Coso Geothermal Area (2007) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotopic Analysis- Fluid At Coso Geothermal Area (2007) Isotopic Analysis- Fluid At Coso Geothermal Area (2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Isotopic Analysis- Fluid At Coso Geothermal Area (2007) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Isotopic Analysis- Fluid Activity Date 2007 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the location of the heat source Notes Fluids have been sampled from 9 wells and 2 fumaroles from the East Flank of the Coso hydrothermal system with a view to identifying, if possible, the location and characteristics of the heat source inflows into this portion of the geothermal field. Preliminary results show that there has been extensive vapor loss in the system, most probably in response to

428

Isotopic Analysis- Rock At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis- Rock At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) Analysis- Rock At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Isotopic Analysis- Rock At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Isotopic Analysis- Rock Activity Date 1984 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To analyze evidence for crustal interaction and compositional zonation in the source regions of Pleistocene basaltic and rhyolitic magmas of the Coso volcanic field Notes The isotopic compositions of Pb and Sr in Pleistocene basalt, high-silica rhyolite, and andesitic inclusions in rhyolite of the Coso volcanic field indicate that these rocks were derived from different levels of compositionally zoned magmatic systems. The two earliest rhyolites probably

429

Field Mapping At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Field Mapping At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) Field Mapping At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Field Mapping At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Field Mapping Activity Date 1980 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the areal extent of the magma reservoir Notes The distribution of quaternary rhyolite dome of the Coso Range was analyzed. Thirty-eight separate domes and flows of phenocryst-poor, high-silica rhyolite of similar major element chemical composition were erupted over the past 1 m.y. from vents arranged in a crudely S-shaped array atop a granitic horst in the Coso Range, California. The immediate source of heat for the surficial geothermal phenomena is probably a silicic

430

Western Area Power Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Western Area Power Administration Customer Meeting The meeting will begin at 12:30 pm MST We have logged on early for connectivity purposes Please stand-by until the meeting begins Please be sure to call into the conference bridge at: 888-989-6414 Conf. Code 60223 If you have connectivity issues, please contact: 866-900-1011 1 Introduction ï‚— Welcome ï‚— Introductions ï‚— Purpose of Meeting â—¦ Status of the SLCA/IP Rate â—¦ SLCA/IP Marketing Plan â—¦ Credit Worthiness Policy â—¦ LTEMP EIS update â—¦ Access to Capital ï‚— Handout Materials http://www.wapa.gov/crsp/ratescrsp/default.htm 2 SLCA/IP Rate 3 1. Status of Repayment 2. Current SLCA/IP Firm Power Rate (SLIP-F9) 3. Revenue Requirements Comparison Table 4.SLCA/IP Rate 5. Next Steps

431

Brown Dwarfs in the Pleiades Cluster 3 A deep IZ survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a deep CCD-based IZ photometric survey of a ~1 sq. deg area in the central region of the Pleiades Galactic open cluster. The magnitude coverage of our survey (from I~17.5 down to 22) allows us to detect substellar candidates with masses between 0.075 and 0.03 Msol. Details of the photometric reduction and selection criteria are given. Finder charts prepared from the I-band images are provided.

Zapatero-Osorio, M R; Martín, E L; Hodgkin, S T; Cossburn, M R; Magazzù, A; Steele, I A; Jameson, R F

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Testing the Probability of Clear Line of Sight Models with ARM Observations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Probability of Clear Line of Sight Models the Probability of Clear Line of Sight Models with ARM Observations Y. Ma Department of Meteorology University of Maryland College Park, Maryland R. G. Ellingson Department of Meteorology Florida State University Tallahassee, Florida Abstract Clouds play a major role in regulating Earth's climate. However, computer models of Earth's climate neglect the effects of cloud vertical extend in a broken cloud field. The vertical extent allows clouds to shade more of the atmosphere and allow radiative exchange over a larger temperature range. One way to parameterize this 3D cloud effect is to relate the various cloud properties, including the cloud vertical extent, to a statistical cloud field parameter called the probability of clear line of sight (PCLS) (see

433

Helicity probabilities for heavy quark fragmentation into heavy-light excited mesons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After a brief review on how heavy quark symmetry constraints the helicity fragmentation probabilities for a heavy quark hadronizes into heavy-light hadrons, we present a heavy quark fragmentation model to extract the value for the Falk-Peskin probability $w_{3/2}$ describing the fragmentation of a heavy quark into a heavy-light meson whose light degrees of freedom have angular momentum ${3 \\over 2}$. We point out that this probability depends on the longitudinal momentum fraction $z$ of the meson and on its transverse momentum $p_\\bot$ relative to the jet axis. In this model, the light degrees of freedom prefer to have their angular momentum aligned transverse to, rather than along, the jet axis. Implications for the production of excited heavy mesons, like $D^{**}$ and $B^{**}$, are briefly discussed.

Tzu Chiang Yuan

1995-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

434

The Use of Edge-Betweenness Clustering to Investigate Biological Function in Protein Interaction Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

homeostasis 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:46916 IDs: NM_000146 Cluster: 4 GO:8104 protein localization 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:8104 IDs: NM_016224 Cluster: 4 GO:9451 RNA modification 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:9451 IDs: NM_002582 Cluster: 4 GO:30005 di-, tri-valent inorganic cation... homeostasis 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:30005 IDs: NM_000146 Cluster: 4 GO:6916 anti-apoptosis 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:6916 IDs: NM_012138 Cluster: 4 GO:30705 cytoskeleton-dependent intracellular transport 1/15 Cluster: 4 GO:30705 IDs: NM_014183 Cluster: 4 GO:7292 female...

Dunn, Ruth; Dudbridge, Frank; Sanderson, Christopher M

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Network regression with predictive clustering trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network data describe entities represented by nodes, which may be connected with (related to) each other by edges. Many network datasets are characterized by a form of autocorrelation, where the value of a variable at a given node depends on the values ... Keywords: Autocorrelation, Network data, Predictive clustering trees, Regression inference

Daniela Stojanova; Michelangelo Ceci; Annalisa Appice; Sašo DžEroski

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Clustering local frequency items in multiple databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Frequent items could be considered as a basic type of patterns in a database. In the context of multiple data sources, most of the global patterns are based on local frequency items. A multi-branch company transacting from different branches often needs ... Keywords: Association, Clustering, Data mining, Measure of association, Multi-database mining

Animesh Adhikari

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Cluster ensembles in collaborative filtering recommendation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recommender systems, which recommend items of information that are likely to be of interest to the users, and filter out less favored data items, have been developed. Collaborative filtering is a widely used recommendation technique. It is based on the ... Keywords: Cluster ensembles, Collaborative filtering, Recommender systems, Self-organizing maps, k-Means

Chih-Fong Tsai; Chihli Hung

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Graph clustering with network structure indices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graph clustering has become ubiquitous in the study of relational data sets. We examine two simple algorithms: a new graphical adaptation of the k-medoids algorithm and the Girvan-Newman method based on edge betweenness centrality. We show that ...

Matthew J. Rattigan; Marc Maier; David Jensen

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

A Cluster Refinement Algorithm for Motif Discovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding Transcription Factor Binding Sites, i.e., motif discovery, is crucial for understanding the gene regulatory relationship. Motifs are weakly conserved and motif discovery is an NP-hard problem. We propose a new approach called Cluster Refinement ... Keywords: Transcription factor binding site, motif discovery.

Gang Li; Tak-Ming Chan; Kwong-Sak Leung; Kin-Hong Lee

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Bipartite graph partitioning and data clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many data types arising from data mining applications can be modeled as bipartite graphs, examples include terms and documents in a text corpus, customers and purchasing items in market basket analysis and reviewers and movies in a movie recommender ... Keywords: bipartite graph, correspondence analysis, document clustering, graph partitioning, singular value decomposition, spectral relaxation

Hongyuan Zha; Xiaofeng He; Chris Ding; Horst Simon; Ming Gu

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Solar-like oscillations in cluster stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a brief overview of the history of attempts to obtain a clear detection of solar-like oscillations in cluster stars, and discuss the results on the first clear detection, which was made by the Kepler Asteroseismic Science Consortium (KASC) Working Group 2.

Stello, D; Bedding, T R; Brogaard, K; Bruntt, H; Chaplin, W J; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J; Demarque, P; Elsworth, Y P; García, R A; Gilliland, R L; Hekker, S; Huber, D; Karoff, C; Kjeldsen, H; Lebreton, Y; Mathur, S; Meibom, S; Zakowicz, J Molenda-\\; Noels, A; Roxburgh, I W; Aguirre, V S; Sterken, C; Szabó, R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

College of Engineering High Performance Computing Cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

College of Engineering High Performance Computing Cluster Policy and Procedures COE-HPC-01 and registered as requiring high performance computing; the course identification/registrations process the College High Performance Computing system will need register for system access by visiting http

Demirel, Melik C.

443

A Clustering-Driven LDAP Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LDAP directories have proliferated as the appropriate storage framework for various and heterogeneous data sources, operating under a wide range of applications and services. Due to the increased amount and heterogeneity of the LDAP data, there is a ... Keywords: DIT organization, LDAP services, clustering, merging criteria, query and retrieval engine

Vassiliki Koutsonikola; Athena Vakali

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

MARLA: MapReduce for Heterogeneous Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MapReduce has gradually become the framework of choice for "big data". The MapReduce model allows for efficient and swift processing of large scale data with a cluster of compute nodes. However, the efficiency here comes at a price. The performance of ... Keywords: MapReduce, MARLA, MARIANE, HADOOP

Zacharia Fadika; Elif Dede; Jessica Hartog; Madhusudhan Govindaraju

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Performance implications of virtualizing multicore cluster machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High performance computers are typified by cluster machines constructed from multicore nodes and using high performance interconnects like Infiniband. Virtualizing such 'capacity computing' platforms implies the shared use of not only the nodes and node ... Keywords: Infiniband, high-performance computing, virtualization

Adit Ranadive; Mukil Kesavan; Ada Gavrilovska; Karsten Schwan

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Hierarchical clustering in improving microblog stream summarization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microblogging has shown a massive increase in use over the past couple of years. According to recent statistics, Twitter (the most popular microblogging platform) has over 500 million posts per day. In order to help users manage this information overload ... Keywords: event detection, microblog, summarization, text clustering

Andrei Olariu

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Targeting geothermal exploration sites in the Mount St. Helens area using soil mercury surveys  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The background mercury level was determined for the areas studied, providing preliminary information for future work. Identification of areas which might merit more intensive sampling was also accomplished. The clusters of samples with high Hg concentrations in both areas may indicate high heat flow and should be investigated further. Problems involving the use of this method in the Cascades were also identified. Both areas north and south of the mountain had approximately the same standard deviation (expressed as a percentage of the mean), even though the sampling horizons seemed much more consistent and less disturbed in the Marble Mountain area than in the Green River Soda Springs area. This may indicate that for these areas, secondary controls are more important, or that Hg anomalies are much smaller than indicated in studies of other areas.

Holmes, J.; Waugh, K.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Fast chemical reaction in a two-dimensional Navier-Stokes flow: Probability distribution in the initial regime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study an instantaneous bimolecular chemical reaction in a two-dimensional chaotic, incompressible and closed Navier-Stokes flow. Areas of well mixed reactants are initially separated by infinite gradients. We focus on the initial regime, characterized by a well-defined one-dimensional contact line between the reactants. The amount of reactant consumed is given by the diffusive flux along this line, and hence relates directly to its length and to the gradients along it. We show both theoretically and numerically that the probability distribution of the modulus of the gradient of the reactants along this contact line multiplied by {\\kappa} does not depend on the diffusion {\\kappa} and can be inferred, after a few turnover times, from the joint distribution of the finite time Lyapunov exponent {\\lambda} and the frequency 1/{\\tau} . The equivalent time {\\tau} measures the stretching time scale of a Lagrangian parcel in the recent past, while {\\lambda} measures it on the whole chaotic orbit. At smaller times, we predict the shape of this gradient distribution taking into account the initial random orientation between the contact line and the stretching direction. We also show that the probability distribution of the reactants is proportional to {\\kappa} and to the product of the ensemble mean contact line length with the ensemble mean of the inverse of the gradient along it. Besides contributing to the understanding of fast chemistry in chaotic flows, the present study based on a Lagrangian stretching theory approach provides results that pave the way to the development of accurate sub- grid parametrizations in models with insufficient resolution for capturing the length scales relevant to chemical processes, for example in Climate-Chemsitry Models.

Farid Ait-Chaalal; Michel S. Bourqui; Peter Bartello

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

449

A Small-Area Study of Environmental Risk Assessment of Outdoor Falls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Falls in public places are an issue of great health concern especially for the elderly. Falls among the elderly is also a major health burden in many countries. This study describes a spatial approach to assess environmental causes of outdoor falls using ... Keywords: Environmental risk assessment, GIS, Outdoor falls, Small-area study, Spatial clustering

Poh-Chin Lai; Wing-Cheung Wong; Chien-Tat Low; Martin Wong; Ming-Houng Chan

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Powering The Intra-cluster Filaments in Cool-Core Clusters of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first radio surveys of the sky discovered that some large clusters of galaxies contained powerful sources of synchrotron emission. Optical images showed that long linear filaments with bizarre emission-line spectra permeated the intra-cluster medium. Recent observations in the infrared and radio show that these filaments have very strong emission lines of molecular hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The mass of molecular material is quite large, the gas is quite warm, and the filaments have not formed stars despite their ~Gyr age. I will discuss the general astrophysical context of large clusters of galaxies and how large masses of molecular gas can be heated to produce what we observe. The unique properties of the filaments are a result of the unique environment. Magnetically confined molecular filaments are surrounded by the hot intra-cluster medium. Thermal particles with keV energies enter atomic and molecular regions and produce a shower of secondary nonthermal electrons. These secondaries collisionally h...

Ferland, Gary J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

AREA RADIATION MONITOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

S>An improved area radiation dose monitor is designed which is adapted to compensate continuously for background radiation below a threshold dose rate and to give warning when the dose integral of the dose rate of an above-threshold radiation excursion exceeds a selected value. This is accomplished by providing means for continuously charging an ionization chamber. The chamber provides a first current proportional to the incident radiation dose rate. Means are provided for generating a second current including means for nulling out the first current with the second current at all values of the first current corresponding to dose rates below a selected threshold dose rate value. The second current has a maximum value corresponding to that of the first current at the threshold dose rate. The excess of the first current over the second current, which occurs above the threshold, is integrated and an alarm is given at a selected integrated value of the excess corresponding to a selected radiation dose. (AEC)

Manning, F.W.; Groothuis, S.E.; Lykins, J.H.; Papke, D.M.

1962-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

452

Argonne CNM News: Charge Separation in Silver Clusters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge Separation in Silver Clusters Charge Separation in Silver Clusters silver clusters Artist's rendering of silver clusters capped with organic ligand molecules. transient kinetics of silver clusters Transient kinetics showing charge recombination in ligand-stabilized silver clusters for different surrounding solvents (water-methanol mixture, acetone, and dichloromethane). Both charge separation and recombination events are faster in more polar solvents. Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) users from the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne in Switzerland, working with the CNM Nanophotonics Group, have demonstrated the existence of long-lived charge-separated states in silver clusters. The clusters, synthesized chemically in solution, consist of exactly 44 silver atoms and are stabilized by exactly

453

Implementation of a cluster based routing protocol for mobile networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show the implementation and the simulation results of a hierarchical, cluster based routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks using Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM). The network represented by a graph is partitioned into clusters by a graph ...

Geoffrey Marshall; Kayhan Erciyes

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Chapter generation for digital video recorder based on perceptual clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a novel automatic chapter generating technique for digital video recorder (DVR) based on a perceptual clustering. Clustering with two-staged hierarchy is introduced for the first time, showing better performance than previous approaches without ...

M. Yamauchi; M. Kimura; J. Ohmiya; J. Nishikawa; I. Okabayashi

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Measuring Clustering in Clouds Using Non-Rayleigh Signal Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The clustering or clumping of droplets appears to be nearly ubiquitous in clouds. Clustering likely plays roles in a number of different physical processes, from the growth of hail, to snow aggregation, to the growth of raindrops, to cloud ...

A. R. Jameson

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Weak lensing flexion as a probe of galaxy cluster substructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring galaxy cluster total masses and the amount of dark matter substructure within galaxy cluster haloes is a fundamental probe of the ACDM model of structure formation, as well as the interactions between baryonic ...

Cain, Benjamin Martin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Cloud Clusters and Superclusters over the Oceanic Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Infrared satellite images of the oceanic warm-pool region (8O°E-160°W) have been objectively processed to reveal tropical “cloud clusters” with temperature colder than a given threshold. Cloud clusters span a somewhat lognormal distribution of ...

Brain E. Mapes; Robert A. Houze Jr.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

A new clustering approach and its application to BBL placement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach for clustering applied to Building Block placement is presented. Unlike traditional approaches, which only consider local factors such as connectivity and shape matching of blocks in a cluster, our approach (called the GAC method) not ...

M. Y. Yu; X. L. Hong; Y. E. Lien; Z. Z. Ma; J. G. Bo; W. J. Zhuang

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Distributional word clusters vs. words for text categorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study an approach to text categorization that combines distributional clustering of words and a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. This word-cluster representation is computed using the recently introduced Information Bottleneck method, ...

Ron Bekkerman; Ran El-Yaniv; Naftali Tishby; Yoad Winter

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Radiobiological Impact of Reduced Margins and Treatment Technique for Prostate Cancer in Terms of Tumor Control Probability (TCP) and Normal Tissue Complication Probability (NTCP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dose escalation in prostate radiotherapy is limited by normal tissue toxicities. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of margin size on tumor control and side effects for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and 3D conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) treatment plans with increased dose. Eighteen patients with localized prostate cancer were enrolled. 3DCRT and IMRT plans were compared for a variety of margin sizes. A marker detectable on daily portal images was presupposed for narrow margins. Prescribed dose was 82 Gy within 41 fractions to the prostate clinical target volume (CTV). Tumor control probability (TCP) calculations based on the Poisson model including the linear quadratic approach were performed. Normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) was calculated for bladder, rectum and femoral heads according to the Lyman-Kutcher-Burman method. All plan types presented essentially identical TCP values and very low NTCP for bladder and femoral heads. Mean doses for these critical structures reached a minimum for IMRT with reduced margins. Two endpoints for rectal complications were analyzed. A marked decrease in NTCP for IMRT plans with narrow margins was seen for mild RTOG grade 2/3 as well as for proctitis/necrosis/stenosis/fistula, for which NTCP <7% was obtained. For equivalent TCP values, sparing of normal tissue was demonstrated with the narrow margin approach. The effect was more pronounced for IMRT than 3DCRT, with respect to NTCP for mild, as well as severe, rectal complications.

Jensen, Ingelise, E-mail: inje@rn.d [Department of Medical Physics, Aalborg Hospital, University of Aarhus, Aalborg (Denmark); Carl, Jesper [Department of Medical Physics, Aalborg Hospital, University of Aarhus, Aalborg (Denmark); Lund, Bente [Department of Oncology, Aalborg Hospital, University of Aarhus, Aalborg (Denmark); Larsen, Erik H. [Department of Urology, Aalborg Hospital, University of Aarhus, Aalborg (Denmark); Nielsen, Jane [Department of Medical Physics, Aalborg Hospital, University of Aarhus, Aalborg (Denmark)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

PABS: A Computer Program to Normalize Emission Probabilities and Calculate Realistic Uncertainties  

SciTech Connect

The program PABS normalizes relative particle emission probabilities to an absolute scale and calculates the relevant uncertainties on this scale. The program is written in Java using the JDK 1.6 library. For additional information about system requirements, the code itself, and compiling from source, see the README file distributed with this program. The mathematical procedures used are given below.

Caron, D. S.; Browne, E.; Norman, E. B.

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

462

The interplay between risk attitudes and low probability, high cost outcomes in climate policy analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assessing the value of climate change mitigation requires an analysis framework that can account for society's attitude toward the risk of uncertain outcomes, especially those with low probability and high cost. For largely historical and computational ... Keywords: Cost-benefit analysis, DICE, Decision theory, Dismal theorem, Economic disaster, Integrated assessment model (IAM)

Michael D. Gerst; Richard B. Howarth; Mark E. Borsuk

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Exact symbol error probability of a Cooperative network in a Rayleigh-fading environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a distributed spatial diversity wireless system, not all antennas are located at one station as in classical transmit diversity systems, but are dispersed at different, possibly mobile, stations in the network. Transmit diversity is created when the ... Keywords: Average symbol error probability, cooperative networks, diversity

P. A. Anghel; M. Kaveh

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Estimating Probabilities of Cloud-Free Fields-of-View From the Earth Through the Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model for estimating the probability of obtaining a cloud-free field-of-view as a function of ground-observer-reported total sky cover is presented for earth-to-space viewing applications. The development of the model and examples of its ...

Iver A. Lund; Donald D. Grantham; Richard E. Davis

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

A New Approach for Firm Value and Default Probability Estimation beyond Merton Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a new model to assess the firm value and the default probability by using a bivariate contingent claim analysis and copula theory. First we discuss an unfeasible case, given the current derivative market on corporate bonds, which ... Keywords: Bivariate option, Copula, Firm value, G12, G30, G32, No arbitrage, Structural models

Maria Elena Giuli; Dean Fantazzini; Mario Alessandro Maggi

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Justification shift and uncertainty: why are low-probability near misses underrated against organizational routines?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge of near misses is helpful in preventing accidents, but it does not always lead to changes in organizational routines or contribute to accident prevention. In this article, the authors argue that low-probability near misses reinforce beliefs ... Keywords: Burden of proof, Justification shift, Near miss, Organizational routine, Risk, Uncertainty

Junko Shimazoe; Richard M. Burton

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Using Remaining Battery lifetime information and Relaying to decrease Outage Probability of a Mobile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Remaining Battery lifetime information and Relaying to decrease Outage Probability is to demonstrate that by employing relaying and using the remaining battery lifetime information of Mobile is determined based on the remaining battery lifetime of the MT. We assume a linear relationship between

Singh, Suresh

468

Optimal Points for a Probability Distribution on a Nonhomogeneous Cantor Set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of my thesis is to find optimal points and the quantization error for a probability measure defined on a Cantor set. The Cantor set, we have considered in this work, is generated by two self-similar contraction mappings on the real line with distinct similarity ratios. Then we have defined a nonhomogeneous probability measure, the support of which lies on the Cantor set. For such a probability measure first we have determined the n-optimal points and the nth quantization error for n = 2 and n = 3. Then by some other lemmas and propositions we have proved a theorem which gives all the n-optimal points and the nth quantization error for all positive integers n. In addition, we have given some properties of the optimal points and the quantization error for the probability measure. In the end, we have also given a list of n-optimal points and error for some positive integers n. The result in this thesis is a nonhomogeneous extension of a similar result of Graf and Luschgy in 1997. The techniques in my thesis could be extended to discretise any continuous random variable with another random variable with finite range.

Roychowdhury, Lakshmi 1975-

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Comonotonic bounds on the survival probabilities in the Lee-Carter model for mortality projection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Lee-Carter framework, future survival probabilities are random variables with an intricate distribution function. In large homogeneous portfolios of life annuities, value-at-risk or conditional tail expectation of the total yearly payout of the ... Keywords: Comonotonicity, Mortality projection, Risk measure, Stop-loss order

Michel Denuit; Jan Dhaene

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

A Dynamic Probability Model of Hurricane Winds in Coastal Counties of the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors develop and apply a model that uses hurricane-experience data in counties along the U.S. hurricane coast to give annual exceedence probabilities to maximum tropical cyclone wind events. The model uses a maximum likelihood estimator to ...

Thomas Jagger; James B. Elsner; Xufeng Niu

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Tractable Analytic Expressions for the Wind Speed Probability Density Functions Using Expansions of Orthogonal Polynomials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of the two-parameter Weibull function as an estimator of the wind speed probability density function (PDF) is known to be problematic when a high accuracy of fit is required, such as in the computation of the wind power density function. ...

Mark L. Morrissey; J. Scott Greene

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Learning by extrapolation from marginal to full-multivariate probability distributions: decreasingly naive Bayesian classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Averaged n-Dependence Estimators (AnDE) is an approach to probabilistic classification learning that learns by extrapolation from marginal to full-multivariate probability distributions. It utilizes a single parameter that transforms ... Keywords: Averaged one-dependence estimators, Bayesian learning, Classification learning, Ensemble learning, Feating, Learning without model selection, Naive Bayes, Probabilistic learning, Semi-naive Bayesian learning

Geoffrey I. Webb; Janice R. Boughton; Fei Zheng; Kai Ming Ting; Houssam Salem

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Estimating Probabilities of Hurricane Wind Speeds Using a Large-Scale Empirical Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method is presented for estimating the probability of exceeding a given wind speed in 1 year at any given location in the Atlantic tropical cyclone basin. The method is especially appropriate for wind speeds with return periods of 100 years ...

R. W. R. Darling

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2013 We continue to anticipate an above-average season in 2013, although we have lowered our forecast slightly due and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well as past forecasts and verifications are available online at: http://hurricane.atmos.colostate.edu/Forecasts

475

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY increased our forecast slightly from early April, due to large amounts of uncertainty in both the phase and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well as past forecasts and verifications are available via the World

476

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY activity is predicted. (as of 10 April 2013) By Philip J. Klotzbach1 and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well as past forecasts and verifications are available via the World Wide Web at http://hurricane.atmos.colostate.edu/Forecasts

477

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY activity is predicted. (as of 4 April 2012) By Philip J. Klotzbach1 and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well as past forecasts and verifications are available via the World Wide Web at http://hurricane.atmos.colostate.edu/Forecasts

478

FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2009 We have reduced our forecast slightly from early June due largely to the development of an El Niño. We continue. Klotzbach1 and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well as past forecasts and verifications are available via

479

An Accurate Measure of the Instantaneous Discharge Probability, with Application to Unitary Joint-Event Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an estimate for the instantaneous discharge probability of a neurone, based on single-trial spike-train analysis. By detecting points where the neurone abruptly changes its firing rate and treating them specially, the method is able to achieve ...

Quentin Pauluis; Stuart N. Baker

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

New Techniques and Data Sources for Probable Maximum Precipitation: Volumes 1-4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Safety review of new and existing dams under the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) requires evaluation of the probable maximum precipitation (PMP) at the site of the dam. This report shows how weather radar, satellite data sources, and paleohydrology analysis techniques can improve the estimation of PMP for regions or individual basins.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

New Techniques and Data Sources for Probable Maximum Precipitation: Volumes 1-4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Safety review of new and existing dams under the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) requires evaluation of the probable maximum precipitation (PMP) at the site of the dam. This report shows how weather radar, satellite data sources, and paleohydrology analysis techniques can improve the estimation of PMP for regions or individual basins.

1993-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

482

Accelerated Simulation of the Probability of Failure of a Main Oil Pipeline Planned Target  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A serial model of a main oil pipeline system is investigated. Lifetime and repair-time distribution functions of the components are assumed to be of a general form. A new accelerated simulation method is proposed enabling one to construct high-accuracy ... Keywords: accelerated simulation, failure probability, main oil pipeline

N. Yu. Kuznetsov

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Biomedical ontology improves biomedical literature clustering performance: a comparison study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Document clustering has been used for better document retrieval and text mining. In this paper, we investigate if a biomedical ontology improves biomedical literature clustering performance in terms of the effectiveness and the scalability. For this ... Keywords: MEDLINE, MeSH, bioinformatics, biomedical literature, biomedical ontology, comparison study, document clustering, document retrieval, information retrieval, text mining

Illhoi Yoo; Xiaohua Hu; Il-Yeol Song

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Large-scale clustering and complete facet and tag calculation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The State and University Library of Denmark is developing an integrated search system called Summa, and as part of the Summa project a clustering module and a facet module. Simple clusters have been created for a collection of more than six and a half ... Keywords: categorisation, clustering, faceted browsing, large data sets, library metadata

Bolette Ammitzbøll Madsen

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

A Self-Organized Clustering Scheme for Overlay Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hierarchical approaches, where nodes are clustered based on their network distances, have been shown to allow for robust and scalable topology-aware overlays. Moreover, recent research works have shown that cluster-based deployments of Internet Coordinates ... Keywords: Clustering, ICS, Performance, Triangle Inequality Violations

Francois Cantin; Bamba Gueye; Mohamed Ali Kaafar; Guy Leduc

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

WireGL: a scalable graphics system for clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe WireGL, a system for scalable interactive rendering on a cluster of workstations. WireGL provides the familiar OpenGL API to each node in a cluster, virtualizing multiple graphics accelerators into a sort-first parallel renderer with a parallel ... Keywords: cluster rendering, parallel rendering, remote graphics, scalable rendering, tiled displays, virtual graphics

Greg Humphreys; Matthew Eldridge; Ian Buck; Gordan Stoll; Matthew Everett; Pat Hanrahan

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z