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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of the Nucleation of Water: Determining the Sticking Probability and Formation Energy of a Cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We performed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the nucleation of water vapor in order to test nucleation theories. Simulations were performed for a wide range of supersaturation ratios (S = 3-25) and water temperatures (Tw=300-390K). We obtained the nucleation rates and the formation free energies of a subcritical cluster from the cluster size distribution. The classical nucleation theory (CNT) and the modified classical nucleation theory (MCNT) overestimate the nucleation rates in all cases. The semi-phenomenological (SP) model, which corrects the MCNT prediction using the second virial coefficient of a vapor, reproduces the formation free energy of a cluster with the size < 20 to within 10 % and the nucleation rate and cluster size distributions to within one order of magnitude. The sticking probability of the vapor molecules to the clusters was also determined from the growth rates of the clusters. The sticking probability rapidly increases with the supersaturation ratio S, which is similar to the Lennard-Jones system.

Kyoko K. Tanaka; Akio Kawano; Hidekazu Tanaka

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

2

Mapping the formation areas of giant molybdenum blue clusters: a spectroscopic study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The self-assembly of soluble molybdenum blue species from simple molybdate solutions has primarily been associated with giant mixed-valent wheel-shaped cluster anions, derived from the {MoV/VI154/176} archetypes, and a {MoV/VI368} lemon-shaped cluster. The combined use of Raman spectroscopy and kinetic precipitation as self-assembly monitoring techniques and single-crystal X-ray diffraction is key to mapping the realm of molybdenum blue species by establishing spherical {MoV/VI102}-type Keplerates as an important giant molybdenum blue-type species. We additionally rationalize the empirical effect of reducing agent concentration on the formation of all three relevant skeletal types: wheel, lemon and spheres. Whereas both wheels and the lemon-shaped {MoV/VI368} cluster are obtained from weakly reduced molybdenum blue solutions, considerably higher reduced solutions lead to {MoV/VI102}-type Keplerates.

Botar, Bogdan; Ellern, Arkady; Kogerler, Paul

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

3

Probabilities for Solar Siblings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have shown previously (Bobylev et al 2011) that some of the stars in the Solar neighborhood today may have originated in the same star cluster as the Sun, and could thus be called Solar Siblings. In this work we investigate the sensitivity of this result to Galactic models and to parameters of these models, and also extend the sample of orbits. There are a number of good candidates for the Sibling category, but due to the long period of orbit evolution since the break-up of the birth cluster of the Sun, one can only attach probabilities of membership. We find that up to 10% (but more likely around 1 %) of the members of the Sun's birth cluster could be still found within 100 pc from the Sun today.

Valtonen, M; Bobylev, V V; Myllari, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

AREA  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South Valley ResponsibleSubmissionofDepartmentNo.7-052 ofFocusAREA FAQ #

5

Probability Primer 1 Running head: PROBABILITY PRIMER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provides the opportunity to draw upon work in computer science, engineering, mathematics, and statisticsProbability Primer 1 Running head: PROBABILITY PRIMER A Primer on Probabilistic Inference Thomas L. Griffiths Department of Psychology University of California, Berkeley Alan Yuille Department of Statistics

Yuille, Alan L.

6

Physical Probability Patrick Maher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physical Probability Patrick Maher University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign October 13, 2007 ABSTRACT. By "physical probability" I mean the empirical concept of probability in or- dinary language-extreme physical probabilities are compatible with determin- ism. Two principles, called specification

Fitelson, Branden

7

Photon Clusters in Thermal Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the framework of Bose-Einstein statistics, it is shown that the blackbody radiation, in addition to single photons, contains photon clusters, or coalescent photons. The probability to find a k-photon cluster versus radiation frequency and temperature is found, as well as the statistics of clusters. Spectra of photon-cluster radiation are calculated as functions of blackbody temperature. The Planck's radiation law is derived based on the existence of photon clusters. The possibility of experimental observation of photon clusters in thermal radiation is discussed.

Aleksey Ilyin

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

8

PROBABILITY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gaussian probability density function. This book is printed on acid-free paper. The paper in this book Laura Boucher This book was set in Times Roman by the authors and printed and bound by Quebecor is to learn how to solve practical problems. For the majority, the mathematical logic of probability theory is

Kozick, Richard J.

9

Structure stability and spectroscopy of metal clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theory based on self-consistent field-linear combinations of atomic orbitals-molecular orbital theory was applied to clusters. Four areas were covered: electronic structure, equilibrium geometries, and stability of charged clusters, interaction of metal clusters with H and halogen atoms, thermal stability of isolated clusters, and stability and optical properties of hetero-atomic clusters. (DLC)

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Constraints on Cluster Formation from Old Globular CLuster Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of old globular cluster systems (GCSs) in galaxy halos offer unique insight into the physical processes that conspire to form any generic star cluster, at any epoch. Presented here is a summary of the information obtained from (1) the specific frequencies (total populations) and spatial structures (density vs. galactocentric radius) of GCSs in early-type galaxies, as they relate to the efficiency (or probability) of bound cluster formation, and (2) the fundamental role of a scaling between cluster mass and energy among Galactic globulars in setting their other structural correlations, and the possible implications for star formation efficiency as a function of mass in gaseous protoclusters.

Dean E. McLaughlin

2000-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

11

Probability: Theory and examples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some times the lights are shining on me. Other times I can barely see. Lately it occurs to me what a long strange trip its been. Grateful Dead In 1989 when the first edition of the book was completed, my sons David and Greg were 3 and 1, and the cover picture showed the Dow Jones at 2650. The last twenty years have brought many changes but the song remains the same. The title of the book indicates that as we develop the theory, we will focus our attention on examples. Hoping that the book would be a useful reference for people who apply probability in their work, we have tried to emphasize the results that are important for applications, and illustrated their use with roughly 200 examples. Probability is not a spectator sport, so the book contains almost 450 exercises to challenge the reader and to deepen their understanding. The fourth edition has two major changes (in addition to a new publisher): (i) The book has been converted from TeX to LaTeX. The systematic use of labels should eventually eliminate problems with references to other points in the text. In

Rick Durrett

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

PHOTOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE M33 STAR CLUSTER SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a catalog of 2990 extended sources in a 1{sup 0} x 1{sup 0} area centered on M33 using the MegaCam camera on the 3.6 m Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. The catalog includes 599 new candidate stellar clusters, 204 previously confirmed clusters, 1969 likely background galaxies, and 218 unknown extended objects. We present ugriz integrated magnitudes of the candidates and confirmed star clusters (SCs) as well as the full width at half maximum, ellipticity, and stellarity. Based on the properties of the confirmed SCs, we select a sub-sample of highly probable clusters composed of 246 objects. The integrated photometry of the complete cluster catalog reveals a wide range of colors of -0.4 < (g - r) < 1.5 and -1.0 < (r - i) < 1.0 with no obvious cluster subpopulations. Comparisons with models of simple stellar populations suggest a large range of ages some as old as {approx}10 Gyr. In addition, we find a sequence in the color-color diagrams that deviates from the expected direction of evolution. This feature could be associated with very young clusters (<10{sup 7} yr) possessing significant nebular emission. Analysis of the radial density distribution suggests that the cluster system of M33 has suffered from significant depletion possibly due to interactions with M31. We also detect a gap in the cluster distribution in the color-color diagram at (g - r) {approx_equal} 0.3 and (u - g) {approx_equal} 0.8. This gap could be interpreted as an evolutionary effect. This complete catalog provides promising targets for deep photometry and high-resolution spectroscopy to study the structure and star formation history of M33.

San Roman, Izaskun; Sarajedini, Ata [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Aparicio, Antonio, E-mail: izaskun@astro.ufl.ed, E-mail: ata@astro.ufl.ed, E-mail: antapaj@iac.e [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Lactea s/n. E-38205, La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain)

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

13

Modern Probability Theory and Its Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROBABILITY LAWS. . . . . . . . . . 380 I AREA UNDER THE NORMAL DENSITY FUNCTION; A TABLE OF 441 (x) = 1 IX e-Y,y2 dy. "';271" -o:l II BINOMIAL PROBABILITIES; A TABLE OF (:) pX(l - p)"-X, FOR n = 1,2, ... , 10, AND VARIOUS VALUES OF P . . . . . . . 442... the sample description space S. To describe S in the example at hand, we write (3.2) S = {2-tuples (x, y): x is any integer, 1 to 200, y is any integer, 1 to 200}. We have the following notation for forming sets. We draw two braces to indicate that a set...

Parzen, Emanuel

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Parametric probability distributions in reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parametric probability distributions in reliability F.P.A. Coolen Department of Mathematical parametric probability distributions which are frequently used in reliability. We present some main as models for specific reliability scenarios. Keywords: Binomial distribution, Exponential distribution

Coolen, Frank

15

STATISTICS AND PHILOSOPHY OF PROBABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATISTICS AND PHILOSOPHY OF PROBABILITY -- SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Krzysztof Burdzy University of Washington Krzysztof Burdzy Philosophy of probability #12;The search for certainty The search for certainty. On the clash of science and philosophy of probability. Preface, Table of Contents and Introduction

Burdzy, Krzysztof "Chris"

16

Probability, Statistics, and Stochastic Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, science, and engineering students. Other than the basic probability theory, my goal was to in- cludeProbability, Statistics, and Stochastic Processes Peter Olofsson A Wiley-Interscience Publication had been teaching a course on calculus-based probability and statistics mainly for mathematics

Olofsson, Peter

17

Structure stability and spectroscopy of metal clusters. Progress report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theory based on self-consistent field-linear combinations of atomic orbitals-molecular orbital theory was applied to clusters. Four areas were covered: electronic structure, equilibrium geometries, and stability of charged clusters, interaction of metal clusters with H and halogen atoms, thermal stability of isolated clusters, and stability and optical properties of hetero-atomic clusters. (DLC)

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

CLUSTER CHEMISTRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

atoms [9]. react. , metal carbide clusters had inguished athat we have sought is a carbide metal cluster in which theof metal atoms because reaction at the carbide site must be

Muetterties, Earl L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Probable Inference and Quantum Mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In its current very successful interpretation the quantum theory is fundamentally statistical in nature. Although commonly viewed as a probability amplitude whose (complex) square is a probability, the wavefunction or state vector continues to defy consensus as to its exact meaning, primarily because it is not a physical observable. Rather than approach this problem directly, it is suggested that it is first necessary to clarify the precise role of probability theory in quantum mechanics, either as applied to, or as an intrinsic part of the quantum theory. When all is said and done the unsurprising conclusion is that quantum mechanics does not constitute a logic and probability unto itself, but adheres to the long-established rules of classical probability theory while providing a means within itself for calculating the relevant probabilities. In addition, the wavefunction is seen to be a description of the quantum state assigned by an observer based on definite information, such that the same state must be assigned by any other observer based on the same information, in much the same way that probabilities are assigned.

Grandy, W. T. Jr. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82070 (United States)

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

20

A Hierarchical Checkpointing Protocol for Parallel Applications in Cluster Federations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Hierarchical Checkpointing Protocol for Parallel Applications in Cluster Federations S federation. As a cluster federation comprises of a large number of nodes, there is a high probability fits to the characteristics of a cluster federation (large number of nodes, high latency and low

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Are Cluster Dwarfs Recycled Galaxies?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although cluster dwarf galaxies are often neglected due to their faintness, recent observations demonstrate that they are critical for understanding the physical processes behind galaxy and cluster formation. Dwarfs are the most common galaxy type and are particularly abundant in clusters. Recent observational results suggest that dwarfs in dense environments do not all form early in the universe, as expected from hierarchical structure formation models. Many of these systems appear to be younger and more metal rich than dwarfs in lower density areas, suggesting they are possibly created by a tidal process. Several general galaxy cluster observations, including steep luminosity functions and the origin of intracluster light, are natural outcomes of these processes.

Christopher J. Conselice

2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

22

Clustering of metal atoms in organic media. 9. High-activity Ni/MgO catalysts prepared by metal vapor methods. Surface area and particle size effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A metal vapor method was employed to prepare highly dispersed Ni metal catalysts (solvated metal atom dispersed = SMAD catalyst) supported on MgO. Compared with conventional Ni/MgO compositions, the SMAD catalysts showed much greater activities for all reactions studied (hydrogenolysis of methylcyclopentane, MCP; hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis of toluene, TOL; methanation of carbon monoxide, CO; dehydration of isopropyl alcohol, IPA). These high activities for the SMAD catalysts are attributed to the high surface area of Ni on MgO and the high percentage of this Ni in a zero-valent state (reduction degree). Conventional methods for preparing Ni/MgO catalysts did not yield nearly such favorable surface areas or reduction degrees. Nickel particle size effects were observed during hydrogenolysis studies of MCP and hydrogenation studies of TOL. These phenomena are explained by assuming the size of an active Ni particle to be largest for hydrogenolysis of MCP > hydrogenation of TOL > methanation of CO approx. = dehydrogenation of IPA. 8 figures, 2 tables.

Matsuo, K.; Klabunde, K.J.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Joint probabilities and quantum cognition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss the existence of joint probability distributions for quantumlike response computations in the brain. We do so by focusing on a contextual neural-oscillator model shown to reproduce the main features of behavioral stimulus-response theory. We then exhibit a simple example of contextual random variables not having a joint probability distribution, and describe how such variables can be obtained from neural oscillators, but not from a quantum observable algebra.

Acacio de Barros, J. [Liberal Studies, 1600 Holloway Ave., San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States)

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

24

The Cluster SZ -- Mass Correlation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

N-body + hydrodynamic simulations of galaxy clusters are used to demonstrate a correlation between galaxy cluster mass and the strength of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect induced by the cluster. The intrinsic scatter in the correlaton is larger than seen in the cluster mass -- X-ray temperature correlation, but smaller than seen in the correlation between mass (or temperature) and X-ray luminosity, as expected. Using the convergence to self-similarity of cluster structure at larger radii, a simple area-averaged SZ value derived from mock SZ maps also correlates well with mass; the intrinsic scatter in this correlation is comparable to that seen in simulations for the mass -- temperature correlation. Such a relation may prove a powerful tool for estimating cluster masses at higher redshifts.

Christopher A. Metzler

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

25

MACHINE MONITORING USING PROBABILITY THRESHOLDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MACHINE MONITORING USING PROBABILITY THRESHOLDS AND SYSTEM OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS Stephen M a discrete-part production machine, with the objective of effectively determining when to shut the machine analysis: a) There is an underlying time interval that characterizes the operation of the machine, most

Pollock, Stephen

26

Logic Programming, Abduction and Probability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logic Programming, Abduction and Probability: a top-down anytime algorithm for estimating prior, Vancouver, B.C., Canada V6T 1Z2 poole@cs.ubc.ca March 17, 1993 Abstract Probabilistic Horn abduction logically. The relationship be- tween probabilistic Horn abduction and logic programming is at two levels

Poole, David

27

CLUSTER CHEMISTRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 11 Wiley Huetterties and C. M.Submitted to the Journal of Organometallic ChemistryCLUSTER CHEMISTRY Earl L. Muetterties TWO-WEEK LOAN COPY May

Muetterties, Earl L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://journals.cambridge.org/PES Additional services for Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences: Email alerts: Click here Electric Power Service with Irreversible Early Notification. Probability in the EngineeringProbability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences http

Oren, Shmuel S.

29

THE MASSIVE DISTANT CLUSTERS OF WISE SURVEY: THE FIRST DISTANT GALAXY CLUSTER DISCOVERED BY WISE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present spectroscopic confirmation of a z = 0.99 galaxy cluster discovered using data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). This is the first z {approx} 1 cluster candidate from the Massive Distant Clusters of WISE Survey to be confirmed. It was selected as an overdensity of probable z {approx}> 1 sources using a combination of WISE and Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR8 photometric catalogs. Deeper follow-up imaging data from Subaru and WIYN reveal the cluster to be a rich system of galaxies, and multi-object spectroscopic observations from Keck confirm five cluster members at z = 0.99. The detection and confirmation of this cluster represents a first step toward constructing a uniformly selected sample of distant, high-mass galaxy clusters over the full extragalactic sky using WISE data.

Gettings, Daniel P.; Gonzalez, Anthony H.; Mancone, Conor [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Center, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Stanford, S. Adam [Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94550 (United States); Eisenhardt, Peter R. M.; Stern, Daniel [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Brodwin, Mark [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, 5110 Rockhill Road, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States); Zeimann, Gregory R. [Department of Physics, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); Masci, Frank J. [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology 100-22, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Papovich, Casey [George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX, 77843-4242 (United States); Tanaka, Ichi [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Wright, Edward L. [UCLA Astronomy, P.O. Box 951547, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Review of Probability Random Variable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at close 4) Height of wheel going over a rocky road #12;3 Random Variable Non-examples 1) `Heads' or `Tails' on coin 2) Red or Black ball from urn But we can make these into RV's Basic Idea ­ don't know · Temperature · Wheel height #12;5 Given Continuous RV X... What is the probability that X = x0 ? Oddity : P

Fowler, Mark

31

Clustering: Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Compression K Image Processing Center for Geometric Computing Motivation Geometric Clustering = function of frequency of word w i in ff: K What is the distance between two documents ff and fi? ffl d (shell) problem. K Cylinder fitting Center for Geometric Computing Statistical Estimators Geometric

Sharir, Micha

32

The APM/Matched-Filter Cluster Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A catalog of nearby clusters in the 5800 deg$^2$ area in the southern Galactic cap is constructed by applying a matched-filter cluster-finding algorithm to the sample of 3.3 million galaxies from the APM Galaxy Survey. I have preliminarily detected more than 4000 cluster candidates with estimated redshift of less than 0.2 and with richness similar to those of ACO clusters. Generally, a good correspondence is found between the nearest cluster candidates in our catalog and the ACO clusters which have measured redshift. While the ACO catalog becomes incomplete at z>0.08, the completeness limit of our cluster catalog reaches z=0.15.

Wataru Kawasaki

1999-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Largest cluster in subcritical percolation Martin Z. Bazant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Largest cluster in subcritical percolation Martin Z. Bazant Department of Mathematics The statistical behavior of the size or mass of the largest cluster in subcritical percolation on a finite lattice of probability distributions as N . The subcritical segment of the physical manifold (0 p pc) approaches a line

Bazant, Martin Z.

34

Probability Models for Continuous Random Variables 1 Longevity of Women (years)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

box counts for 0.008, the probability is 37.5 0.008 = 0.3000. The area is 0.3000 ­ this seems for such curves are They must be nonnegative. The total area under the curve must be exactly 1. The probability of a result in some interval (along the horizontal ­ x ­ axis) is equal to the area under the curve over

Preston, Scott

35

Free probability and combinatorics Preliminary version  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free probability and combinatorics Preliminary version Michael Anshelevich c 2012 December 4, 2012 #12;Preface These notes were used in a topics course Free probability and combinatorics taught topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3 Free

Anshelevich, Michael

36

Geographic Resource Map of Frozen Pipe Probabilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation slide details a resource map showing the probability of frozen pipes in the geographic United States.

37

Optimization Online - Classification with Guaranteed Probability of ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 18, 2009 ... Classification with Guaranteed Probability of Error. Marco C. ... Category 3: Applications -- Science and Engineering (Statistics ). Citation:.

Marco C. Campi

2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

38

Notes on Probability Peter J. Cameron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will need the statistical tables. Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences by Jay L. De use instead are: Probability and Statistics in Engineering and Management Science by W. W. Hines probabilistic ideas in statistical inference and modelling, and the study of stochastic processes. Probability

Banaji,. Murad

39

Wide field imaging of distant clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wide field imaging is key to understanding the build-up of distant clusters and their galaxy population. By focusing on the so far unexplored outskirts of clusters, where infalling galaxies first hit the cluster potential and the hot intracluster medium, we can help separate cosmological field galaxy evolution from that driven by environment. I present a selection of recent advancements in this area, with particular emphasis on Hubble Space Telescope wide field imaging, for its superior capability to deliver galaxy morphologies and precise shear maps of distant clusters.

T. Treu

2004-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

40

PHAT Stellar Cluster Survey. II. Andromeda Project Cluster Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a stellar cluster catalog for the Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury (PHAT) survey using image classifications collected from the Andromeda Project citizen science website. We identify 2,753 clusters and 2,270 background galaxies within ~0.5 deg$^2$ of PHAT imaging searched, or ~400 kpc$^2$ in deprojected area at the distance of the Andromeda galaxy (M31). These identifications result from 1.82 million classifications of ~20,000 individual images (totaling ~7 gigapixels) by tens of thousands of volunteers. We show that our crowd-sourced approach, which collects >80 classifications per image, provides a robust, repeatable method of cluster identification. The high spatial resolution Hubble Space Telescope images resolve individual stars in each cluster and are instrumental in the factor of ~6 increase in the number of clusters known within the survey footprint. We measure integrated photometry in six filter passbands, ranging from the near-UV to the near-IR. PHAT clusters span a range of ~8 ma...

Johnson, L Clifton; Dalcanton, Julianne J; Wallace, Matthew L; Simpson, Robert J; Lintott, Chris J; Kapadia, Amit; Skillman, Evan D; Caldwell, Nelson; Fouesneau, Morgan; Weisz, Daniel R; Williams, Benjamin F; Beerman, Lori C; Gouliermis, Dimitrios A; Sarajedini, Ata

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Problems with Objective Probability for Conditionals What Bennett Means by Objective Probability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Problems with Objective Probability for Conditionals What Bennett Means by Objective Probability Objective probability is any sort of probability which demands inter- subjective agreement. Bennett Bennett introduces this as a three place relation, R(P,Q,n), between a proposition P, body of evidence Q

Fitelson, Branden

42

Probability and Quantum Paradigms: the Interplay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the introduction of Born's interpretation of quantum wave functions as yielding the probability density of presence, Quantum Theory and Probability have lived in a troubled symbiosis. Problems arise with this interpretation because quantum probabilities exhibit features alien to usual probabilities, namely non Boolean structure and non positive-definite phase space probability densities. This has inspired research into both elaborate formulations of Probability Theory and alternate interpretations for wave functions. Herein the latter tactic is taken and a suggested variant interpretation of wave functions based on photo detection physics proposed, and some empirical consequences are considered. Although incomplete in a few details, this variant is appealing in its reliance on well tested concepts and technology.

Kracklauer, A. F. [Bauhaus Universitaet, PF 2040, 99401 Weimar (Germany)

2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

43

Analytical Study of Thermonuclear Reaction Probability Integrals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An analytic study of the reaction probability integrals corresponding to the various forms of the slowly varying cross-section factor $S(E)$ is attempted. Exact expressions for reaction probability integrals are expressed in terms of the extended gamma functions.

M. A. Chaudhry; H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai

2000-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

44

Computation of neutron fluxes in clusters of fuel pins arranged in hexagonal assemblies (2D and 3D)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For computations of fluxes, we have used Carvik's method of collision probabilities. This method requires tracking algorithms. An algorithm to compute tracks (in 2D and 3D) has been developed for seven hexagonal geometries with cluster of fuel pins. This has been implemented in the NXT module of the code DRAGON. The flux distribution in cluster of pins has been computed by using this code. For testing the results, they are compared when possible with the EXCELT module of the code DRAGON. Tracks are plotted in the NXT module by using MATLAB, these plots are also presented here. Results are presented with increasing number of lines to show the convergence of these results. We have numerically computed volumes, surface areas and the percentage errors in these computations. These results show that 2D results converge faster than 3D results. The accuracy on the computation of fluxes up to second decimal is achieved with fewer lines. (authors)

Prabha, H.; Marleau, G. [Institut de Genie Nucleaire, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Stn. CV, P.O. Box 6079, Montreal, QC H3C 3A7 (Canada)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

A Bayesian Probability Calculus for Density Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the main concepts in quantum physics is a density matrix, which is a symmetric positive definite matrix of trace one. Finite probability distributions are a special case where the density matrix is restricted to be diagonal. Density matrices are mixtures of dyads, where a dyad has the form uu' for any any unit column vector u. These unit vectors are the elementary events of the generalized probability space. Perhaps the simplest case to see that something unusual is going on is the case of uniform density matrix, i.e. 1/n times identity. This matrix assigns probability 1/n to every unit vector, but of course there are infinitely many of them. The new normalization rule thus says that sum of probabilities over any orthonormal basis of directions is one. We develop a probability calculus based on these more general distributions that includes definitions of joints, conditionals and formulas that relate these, i.e. analogs of the theorem of total probability, various Bayes rules for the calculation of posterior density matrices, etc. The resulting calculus parallels the familiar 'classical' probability calculus and always retains the latter as a special case when all matrices are diagonal. Whereas the classical Bayesian methods maintain uncertainty about which model is 'best', the generalization maintains uncertainty about which unit direction has the largest variance. Surprisingly the bounds also generalize: as in the classical setting we bound the negative log likelihood of the data by the negative log likelihood of the MAP estimator.

Manfred K. Warmuth; Dima Kuzmin

2014-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

46

Probability of spent fuel transportation accidents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The transported volume of spent fuel, incident/accident experience and accident environment probabilities were reviewed in order to provide an estimate of spent fuel accident probabilities. In particular, the accident review assessed the accident experience for large casks of the type that could transport spent (irradiated) nuclear fuel. This review determined that since 1971, the beginning of official US Department of Transportation record keeping for accidents/incidents, there has been one spent fuel transportation accident. This information, coupled with estimated annual shipping volumes for spent fuel, indicated an estimated annual probability of a spent fuel transport accident of 5 x 10/sup -7/ spent fuel accidents per mile. This is consistent with ordinary truck accident rates. A comparison of accident environments and regulatory test environments suggests that the probability of truck accidents exceeding regulatory test for impact is approximately 10/sup -9//mile.

McClure, J. D.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

PALC: Extending ALC ABoxes with Probabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on description logics can be found in [BCM+ 03] and [BKW03]. For many applications it is important to extend on probabilities on terminological axioms, see for example [BKW03, Hei94, KLP97]. Notable exceptions are [Jae94, GL

Jäger, Gerhard

48

Cumulative Probability of Blast Fragmentation Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents formulae for calculation of cumulative probability of effect made by blast fragments. Analysis with Mott distribution, discrete fragment enumeration, spatial non-uniformity, numerical issues, and a generalisation for a set of effects are also discussed.

Oleg Mazonka

2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

49

Cumulative Probability of Blast Fragmentation Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents formulae for calculation of cumulative probability of effect made by blast fragments. Analysis with Mott distribution, discrete fragment enumeration, spatial non-uniformity, numerical issues, and a generalisation for a set of effects are also discussed.

Mazonka, Oleg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Probability distribution of the vacuum energy density  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the vacuum state of a quantum field is not an eigenstate of the Hamiltonian density, the vacuum energy density can be represented as a random variable. We present an analytical calculation of the probability distribution of the vacuum energy density for real and complex massless scalar fields in Minkowski space. The obtained probability distributions are broad and the vacuum expectation value of the Hamiltonian density is not fully representative of the vacuum energy density.

Duplancic, Goran; Stefancic, Hrvoje [Theoretical Physics Division, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, P.O. Box 180, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia); Glavan, Drazen [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, P.O. Box 331, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Correspondence Clustering: An Approach to Cluster Multiple Related Spatial Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Correspondence Clustering: An Approach to Cluster Multiple Related Spatial Datasets Vadeerat spatial datasets. This capability is important for change analysis and contrast mining. In this paper spatial datasets by maximizing cluster interestingness and correspondence between clusters derived from

Eick, Christoph F.

52

Intergalactic Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We confirm and extend our previous detection of a population of intergalactic globular clusters in Abell 1185, and report the first discovery of an intergalactic globular cluster in the nearby Virgo cluster of galaxies. The numbers, colors and luminosities of these objects can place constraints on their origin, which in turn may yield new insights to the evolution of galaxies in dense environments.

Michael J. West; Patrick Cote; Henry C. Ferguson; Michael D. Gregg; Andres Jordan; Ronald O. Marzke; Nial R. Tanvir; Ted von Hippel

2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

53

Derivation of quantum probabilities from deterministic evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The predictions of quantum mechanics are probabilistic. Quantum probabilities are extracted using a postulate of the theory called the Born rule, the status of which is central to the "measurement problem" of quantum mechanics. Efforts to justify the Born rule from other physical principles, and thus elucidate the measurement process, have involved lengthy statistical or information-theoretic arguments. Here we show that Bohm's deterministic formulation of quantum mechanics allows the Born rule for measurements on a single system to be derived, without any statistical assumptions. We solve a simple example where the creation of an ensemble of identical quantum states, together with position measurements on those states, are described by Bohm's quantum dynamics. The calculated measurement outcomes agree with the Born-rule probabilities, which are thus a consequence of deterministic evolution. Our results demonstrate that quantum probabilities can emerge from simple dynamical laws alone, and they support the view that there is no underlying indeterminism in quantum phenomena.

T. G. Philbin

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

Probable maximum flood control; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study proposes preliminary design concepts to protect the waste-handling facilities and all shaft and ramp entries to the underground from the probable maximum flood (PMF) in the current design configuration for the proposed Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigation (NNWSI) repository protection provisions were furnished by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USSR) or developed from USSR data. Proposed flood protection provisions include site grading, drainage channels, and diversion dikes. Figures are provided to show these proposed flood protection provisions at each area investigated. These areas are the central surface facilities (including the waste-handling building and waste treatment building), tuff ramp portal, waste ramp portal, men-and-materials shaft, emplacement exhaust shaft, and exploratory shafts facility.

DeGabriele, C.E.; Wu, C.L. [Bechtel National, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Electric quadrupole transition probabilities for atomic lithium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric quadrupole transition probabilities for atomic lithium have been calculated using the weakest bound electron potential model theory (WBEPMT). We have employed numerical non-relativistic HartreeFock wavefunctions for expectation values of radii and the necessary energy values have been taken from the compilation at NIST. The results obtained with the present method agree very well with the Coulomb approximation results given by Caves (1975). Moreover, electric quadrupole transition probability values not existing in the literature for some highly excited levels have been obtained using the WBEPMT.

elik, Gltekin, E-mail: gultekin@selcuk.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Seluk University, Campus 42049 Konya (Turkey); Gke, Yasin; Y?ld?z, Murat [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman (Turkey)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

On the efficiency of field star capture by star clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An exciting recent finding regarding scaling relations among globular clusters is the so-called 'blue tilt': clusters of the blue sub-population follow a trend of redder colour with increasing luminosity. In this paper we evaluate to which extent field star capture over a Hubble time may explain the 'blue tilt'. We perform collisional N-body simulations to quantify the amount of field star capture occuring over a Hubble time to star clusters with 10^3 to 10^6 stars. In the simulations we follow the orbits of field stars passing through a star cluster and calculate the energy change that the field stars experience due to gravitational interaction with cluster stars during one passage through the cluster. The capture condition is that their total energy after the passage is smaller than the gravitational potential at the cluster's tidal radius. By folding this with the fly-by rates of field stars with an assumed space density as in the solar neighbourhood and a range of velocity dispersions, we derive estimates on the mass fraction of captured field stars as a function of environment. We find that integrated over a Hubble time, the ratio between captured field stars and total number of clusters stars is very low (capture is not a probable mechanism for creating the colour-magnitude trend of metal-poor globular clusters.

Steffen Mieske; Holger Baumgardt

2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

57

Confirming EIS Clusters. Multi-object Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using EFOSC2 at the 3.6m ESO telescope, we obtained redshifts for 68 galaxies in the field of six cluster candidates from the ESO Imaging Survey (EIS). The cluster candidates were selected in the EIS patches C and D and have estimated mean redshifts between z=0.5 and z=0.7. In the six candidate cluster fields, we identify possible systems of galaxies in the redshift space. The likelihoods of these systems are established by comparison with random resamplings of the Canada-France Redshift Surveys, and using the redshift distribution expected from Postman et al.'s luminosity function, with Poggianti's K- and evolutionary-corrections. Four of the six candidate EIS clusters are found to correspond to a real system in the redshift space, with > 95 % probability. Two of them have a mean redshift in agreement with the estimate from the matched filter algorithm, while the other two have a significantly smaller redshift. The independent analysis of the V-I vs. I color-magnitude diagrams for five of our six cluster fields, supports our conclusions based on the spectroscopic data.

A. Biviano; M. Ramella; W. Boschin; S. Bardelli; M. Scodeggio; L. N. da Costa; L. F. Olsen; M. Nonino; S. Borgani; M. Girardi

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

58

A Holistic Approach to Designing Energy-Efficient Cluster Interconnects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, new data centers in the Seattle area are forecast to increase the city's power demands by 25 percentA Holistic Approach to Designing Energy-Efficient Cluster Interconnects Eun Jung Kim, Member, IEEE--Designing energy-efficient clusters has recently become an important concern to make these systems economically

Kim, Eun Jung "EJ"

59

Conditional probability on a quantum logic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze two approaches to conditional probability. The first approach follows Gudder and Marchand, Maczynsky, Cassinelli and Beltrametti, Cassinelli and Truini. The second approach follows Renyi and Kalmar. The main result is a characterization of the first approach with the help of a function, similarly as in the second approach.

Nanasiova, O.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Reducing the Probability of Capture into Resonance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A migrating planet can capture planetesimals into mean motion resonances. However, resonant trapping can be prevented when the drift or migration rate is sufficiently high. Using a simple Hamiltonian system for first and second order resonances, we explore how the capture probability depends on the order of the resonance, drift rate and initial particle eccentricity. We present scaling factors as a function of the planet mass and resonance strength to estimate the planetary migration rate above which the capture probability drops to less than 1/2. Applying our framework to multiple extra solar planetary systems that have two planets locked in resonance, we estimate lower limits for the outer planet's migration rate allowing resonance capture of the inner planet. Mean motion resonances are comprised of multiple resonant subterms. We find that the corotation subterm can reduce the probability of capture when the planet eccentricity is above a critical value. We present factors that can be used to estimate this critical planet eccentricity. Applying our framework to the migration of Neptune, we find that Neptune's eccentricity is near the critical value that would make its 2:1 resonance fail to capture twotinos. The capture probability is affected by the separation between resonant subterms and so is also a function of the precession rates of the longitudes of periapse of both planet and particle near resonance.

Alice C. Quillen

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Cornell Probability Summer School Simon Tavare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cornell Probability Summer School 2006 Simon Tavar´e Lecture 6 Outline · We looked at evolution) Questions about Phylogenetic Trees · Topology of tree (the branching order) · Branch lengths (time of common Pleistocene 1 0.15 19 Middle Pleistocene 2 0.9 28 Early Pleistocene 3 1.8 22 Late Pliocene 4 3.6 47 Early

Durrett, Richard

62

Logic Programming, Abduction and Probability David Poole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logic Programming, Abduction and Probability David Poole Department of Computer Science, University 5485 Abstract Probabilistic Horn abduction is a simple frame­ work to combine probabilistic and logical abduction and logic pro­ gramming is at two levels. At the first level probabilistic Horn abduction

Poole, David

63

3. Probability inequalities 3.1. Introduction. Probability inequalities are an important instrument which is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Among classical probabilities are those by S.N. Bernstein (see [1, III, §3, Theorem 18]) and Bennet [2) decrease exponentially as x for all summand forming the sum n j=1 Xj. As to the Bennet] is adjacent to the Bennet­Hoeffding inequality. That was rather a limited list of probability inequalities

Nagaev, Sergei V.

64

3. Probability inequalities 3.1. Introduction. Probability inequalities are an important instrument which is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Among classical probabilities are those by S.N. Bernstein (see [1, III, §3, Theorem 18]) and Bennet [2(X j > x) decrease exponentially as x ## for all summand forming the sum # n j=1 X j . As to the Bennet] is adjacent to the Bennet--Hoe#ding inequality. That was rather a limited list of probability inequalities

Nagaev, Sergei V.

65

SCALING RELATIONS AND OVERABUNDANCE OF MASSIVE CLUSTERS AT z {approx}> 1 FROM WEAK-LENSING STUDIES WITH THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present weak gravitational lensing analysis of 22 high-redshift (z {approx}> 1) clusters based on Hubble Space Telescope images. Most clusters in our sample provide significant lensing signals and are well detected in their reconstructed two-dimensional mass maps. Combining the current results and our previous weak-lensing studies of five other high-z clusters, we compare gravitational lensing masses of these clusters with other observables. We revisit the question whether the presence of the most massive clusters in our sample is in tension with the current {Lambda}CDM structure formation paradigm. We find that the lensing masses are tightly correlated with the gas temperatures and establish, for the first time, the lensing mass-temperature relation at z {approx}> 1. For the power-law slope of the M-T{sub X} relation (M{proportional_to}T{sup {alpha}}), we obtain {alpha} = 1.54 {+-} 0.23. This is consistent with the theoretical self-similar prediction {alpha} = 3/2 and with the results previously reported in the literature for much lower redshift samples. However, our normalization is lower than the previous results by 20%-30%, indicating that the normalization in the M-T{sub X} relation might evolve. After correcting for Eddington bias and updating the discovery area with a more conservative choice, we find that the existence of the most massive clusters in our sample still provides a tension with the current {Lambda}CDM model. The combined probability of finding the four most massive clusters in this sample after the marginalization over cosmological parameters is less than 1%.

Jee, M. J.; Lubin, L.; Stanford, S. A. [Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); Dawson, K. S.; Harris, D. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Hoekstra, H. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Leiden (Netherlands); Perlmutter, S.; Suzuki, N.; Meyers, J.; Barbary, K. [E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley CA 94720 (United States); Rosati, P. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748, Garching (Germany); Brodwin, M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Koester, B.; Gladders, M. D. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Postman, M. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Barrientos, F. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago (Chile); Eisenhardt, P. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Ford, H. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Gilbank, D. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University Of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Gonzalez, A. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States)

2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

66

Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities Jules Beersma #12;Promotor: Prof. dr. A Onderzoekschool (BBOS) #12;Extreme hydro-meteorological events and their probabilities Extreme hydro

Beersma, Jules

67

The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just a Fantasy? The 60% Efficient Diesel Engine: Probably, Possible, Or Just a Fantasy? 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions...

68

Logical Structure of Physical Probability Assertions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A modification and generalisation of von Plato's fix of the frequency theory of probability is presented. It is thermodynamic in nature. Von Plato already fixed the logical circle in the frequency theory, we generalise his results to not necessarily ergodic systems of classical and quantum mechanics. This turns out to be precisely what is needed for the problem of Quantum Measurement and the problem of induction.

Joseph F. Johnson

2005-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

69

Optimum phase space probabilities from quantum tomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We determine a positive normalised phase space probability distribution P with minimum mean square fractional deviation from the Wigner distribution W. The minimum deviation, an invariant under phase space rotations, is a quantitative measure of the quantumness of the state. The positive distribution closest to W will be useful in quantum mechanics and in time frequency analysis. The position-momentum correlations given by the distribution can be tested experimentally in quantum optics.

Roy, Arunabha S., E-mail: roy.arunabha@gmail.com [King's College, London (United Kingdom); Roy, S. M., E-mail: smroy@hbcse.tifr.res.in [HBCSE, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (India)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Free Energy Changes, Fluctuations, and Path Probabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We illustrate some of the static and dynamic relations discovered by Cohen, Crooks, Evans, Jarzynski, Kirkwood, Morriss, Searles, and Zwanzig. These relations link nonequilibrium processes to equilibrium isothermal free energy changes and to dynamical path probabilities. We include ideas suggested by Dellago, Geissler, Oberhofer, and Schoell-Paschinger. Our treatment is intended to be pedagogical, for use in an updated version of our book: Time Reversibility, Computer Simulation, and Chaos. Comments are very welcome.

William G. Hoover; Carol G. Hoover

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

71

SCFG in CNF Probability distribution over  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: - += ??= rq, 1k 1ij rq,p,rqp Bk)(j,Ij)(i,Ik)(i,I #12;SCFG in CNF Outside probability : Op(i,j) = P(A1 * w1(j,k) ? Ii(j,k) = P(A1 * w1 ... wn, Ai * wj+1 ... wk |G ) = P(w1n , Ai jk |G) NLP statistical parsing 54 So

Ageno, Alicia

72

Understanding Deutsch's probability in a deterministic multiverse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Difficulties over probability have often been considered fatal to the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. Here I argue that the Everettian can have everything she needs from `probability' without recourse to indeterminism, ignorance, primitive identity over time or subjective uncertainty: all she needs is a particular *rationality principle*. The decision-theoretic approach recently developed by Deutsch and Wallace claims to provide just such a principle. But, according to Wallace, decision theory is itself applicable only if the correct attitude to a future Everettian measurement outcome is subjective uncertainty. I argue that subjective uncertainty is not to be had, but I offer an alternative interpretation that enables the Everettian to live without uncertainty: we can justify Everettian decision theory on the basis that an Everettian should *care about* all her future branches. The probabilities appearing in the decision-theoretic representation theorem can then be interpreted as the degrees to which the rational agent cares about each future branch. This reinterpretation, however, reduces the intuitive plausibility of one of the Deutsch-Wallace axioms (Measurement Neutrality).

Hilary Greaves

2003-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Accelerated Fuzzy Clustering.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Clustering algorithms are a primary tool in data analysis, facilitating the discovery of groups and structure in unlabeled data. They are used in a wide (more)

Parker, Jonathon Karl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Clustering versus non-clustering phase synchronizations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clustering phase synchronization (CPS) is a common scenario to the global phase synchronization of coupled dynamical systems. In this work, a novel scenario, the non-clustering phase synchronization (NPS), is reported. It is found that coupled systems do not transit to the global synchronization until a certain sufficiently large coupling is attained, and there is no clustering prior to the global synchronization. To reveal the relationship between CPS and NPS, we further analyze the noise effect on coupled phase oscillators and find that the coupled oscillator system can change from CPS to NPS with the increase of noise intensity or system disorder. These findings are expected to shed light on the mechanism of various intriguing self-organized behaviors in coupled systems.

Liu, Shuai [Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China) [Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhan, Meng, E-mail: zhanmeng@wipm.ac.cn [Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China)] [Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

SciCloneSciClone A Cluster of Clusters forA Cluster of Clusters for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enable cross-disciplinary graduate programs ·· Provide research facility for scientific computingProvide research facility for scientific computing ­­ ""SciCloneSciClone ClusterCluster"" (Science (LAM, ATLAS, NAMD, etc.)Tool development (LAM, ATLAS, NAMD, etc.) ·· Instruction (classes, graduate

Lewis, Robert Michael

76

Properties of liquid clusters in large-scale molecular dynamics nucleation simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed large-scale Lennard-Jones molecular dynamics simulations of homogeneous vapor-to-liquid nucleation, with 10{sup 9} atoms. This large number allows us to resolve extremely low nucleation rates, and also provides excellent statistics for cluster properties over a wide range of cluster sizes. The nucleation rates, cluster growth rates, and size distributions are presented in Diemand et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 139, 74309 (2013)], while this paper analyses the properties of the clusters. We explore the cluster temperatures, density profiles, potential energies, and shapes. A thorough understanding of the properties of the clusters is crucial to the formulation of nucleation models. Significant latent heat is retained by stable clusters, by as much as ?kT = 0.1? for clusters with size i = 100. We find that the clusters deviate remarkably from sphericalwith ellipsoidal axis ratios for critical cluster sizes typically within b/c = 0.7 0.05 and a/c = 0.5 0.05. We examine cluster spin angular momentum, and find that it plays a negligible role in the cluster dynamics. The interfaces of large, stable clusters are thinner than planar equilibrium interfaces by 10%?30%. At the critical cluster size, the cluster central densities are between 5% and 30% lower than the bulk liquid expectations. These lower densities imply larger-than-expected surface areas, which increase the energy cost to form a surface, which lowers nucleation rates.

Anglil, Raymond; Diemand, Jrg [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich (Switzerland)] [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich (Switzerland); Tanaka, Kyoko K.; Tanaka, Hidekazu [Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0819 (Japan)] [Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0819 (Japan)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

77

Maximum Margin Clustering for State Decomposition of Metastable Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When studying a metastable dynamical system, a prime concern is how to decompose the phase space into a set of metastable states. Unfortunately, the metastable state decomposition based on simulation or experimental data is still a challenge. The most popular and simplest approach is geometric clustering which is developed based on the classical clustering technique. However, the prerequisites of this approach are: (1) data are obtained from simulations or experiments which are in global equilibrium and (2) the coordinate system is appropriately selected. Recently, the kinetic clustering approach based on phase space discretization and transition probability estimation has drawn much attention due to its applicability to more general cases, but the choice of discretization policy is a difficult task. In this paper, a new decomposition method designated as maximum margin metastable clustering is proposed, which converts the problem of metastable state decomposition to a semi-supervised learning problem so that...

Wu, Hao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Dear New International Undergraduate, Congratulations and welcome to Dartmouth! You probably have dozens of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. For international students going on sections F and G, there will be a Boston Logan International Airport "meetDear New International Undergraduate, Congratulations and welcome to Dartmouth! You probably have! Additionally, you'll get a glimpse of the beautiful area surrounding our school. In 2010, 99% of international

Lotko, William

79

Cool Cluster Correctly Correlated  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atomic clusters are unique objects, which occupy an intermediate position between atoms and condensed matter systems. For a long time it was thought that physical and chemical properties of atomic dusters monotonically change with increasing size of the cluster from a single atom to a condensed matter system. However, recently it has become clear that many properties of atomic clusters can change drastically with the size of the clusters. Because physical and chemical properties of clusters can be adjusted simply by changing the cluster's size, different applications of atomic clusters were proposed. One example is the catalytic activity of clusters of specific sizes in different chemical reactions. Another example is a potential application of atomic clusters in microelectronics, where their band gaps can be adjusted by simply changing cluster sizes. In recent years significant advances in experimental techniques allow one to synthesize and study atomic clusters of specified sizes. However, the interpretation of the results is often difficult. The theoretical methods are frequently used to help in interpretation of complex experimental data. Most of the theoretical approaches have been based on empirical or semiempirical methods. These methods allow one to study large and small dusters using the same approximations. However, since empirical and semiempirical methods rely on simple models with many parameters, it is often difficult to estimate the quantitative and even qualitative accuracy of the results. On the other hand, because of significant advances in quantum chemical methods and computer capabilities, it is now possible to do high quality ab-initio calculations not only on systems of few atoms but on clusters of practical interest as well. In addition to accurate results for specific clusters, such methods can be used for benchmarking of different empirical and semiempirical approaches. The atomic clusters studied in this work contain from a few atoms to tens of atoms. Therefore, they are quantum objects. Some qualitative information about the geometries of such clusters can be obtained with classical empirical methods, for example geometry optimization using an empirical Lennard-Jones potential. However, to predict their accurate geometries and other physical and chemical properties it is necessary to solve a Schroedinger equation. If one is not interested in dynamics of clusters it is enough to solve the stationary (time-independent) Schroedinger equation (H{Phi}=E{Phi}). This equation represents a multidimensional eigenvalue problem. The solution of the Schroedinger equation is a set of eigenvectors (wave functions) and their eigenvalues (energies). The lowest energy solution (wave function) corresponds to the ground state of the cluster. The other solutions correspond to excited states. The wave function gives all information about the quantum state of the cluster and can be used to calculate different physical and chemical properties, such as photoelectron, X-ray, NMR, EPR spectra, dipole moment, polarizability etc. The dimensionality of the Schroedinger equation is determined by the number of particles (nuclei and electrons) in the cluster. The analytic solution is only known for a two particle problem. In order to solve the equation for clusters of interest it is necessary to make a number of approximations and use numerical methods.

Sergey Aleksandrovich Varganov

2005-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

80

Method of precisely modifying predetermined surface layers of a workpiece by cluster ion impact therewith  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of precisely modifying a selected area of a workpiece by producing a beam of charged cluster ions that is narrowly mass selected to a predetermined mean size of cluster ions within a range of 25 to 10/sup 6/ atoms per cluster ion, and accelerated in a beam to a critical velocity. The accelerated beam is used to impact a selected area of an outer surface of the workpiece at a preselected rate of impacts of cluster ions/cm/sup 2//sec in order to effect a precise modification in that selected area of the workpiece.

Friedman, L.; Beuhler, R.J.; Matthew, M.W.; Ledbetter, M.

1984-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Method of precisely modifying predetermined surface layers of a workpiece by cluster ion impact therewith  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of precisely modifying a selected area of a workpiece by producing a beam of charged cluster ions that is narrowly mass selected to a predetermined mean size of cluster ions within a range of 25 to 10.sup.6 atoms per cluster ion, and accelerated in a beam to a critical velocity. The accelerated beam is used to impact a selected area of an outer surface of the workpiece at a preselected rate of impacts of cluster ions/cm.sup.2 /sec. in order to effect a precise modification in that selected area of the workpiece.

Friedman, Lewis (Patchogue, NY); Buehler, Robert J. (Patchogue, NY); Matthew, Michael W. (East Patchogue, NY); Ledbetter, Myron (Belle Terre, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Research Areas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearch Welcome toResearch Areas Our Vision National User Facilities

83

Research Areas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearch Welcome toResearch Areas Our Vision National User

84

Best Clustering Configuration Metrics: Towards Multiagent Based Clustering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with algorithms to conduct clustering operations or to validate the output from clus- tering algorithms, some

Atkinson, Katie

85

Sampling with unequal probabilities and without replacement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The method described. by Rao (9) is probably the fastest. This method uses N random numbers to per- mute N items. If N c 10, the N random numbers 0 ~ R. c 9 are listed. , i. e. R R . . . RN 2 The items are then ordered. according to the Ri, as in Table...2)=H(I&N2)+R(I&N3) 2 R(I&N2)=R(I&N2)/ANN C COMPUTES THE VARIANCE (VAR) OF A PARTICULAR PERMUTATION RR=O SMSQ, =SUMA??2 RATIO=SUMS/SUMA 188 DO 83 I=1, N HSQ=(H(I, NN2)-RATIO)??2 83 HH=HSQ"H(I, NN1)+RH VAR=SMSQ?HH VARAN=VAHAN+VAR AFAC...

Kleibrink, Ronald Gus

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

86

THE STAR CLUSTER SYSTEM IN THE NEARBY STARBURST GALAXY M82  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a photometric study of star clusters in the nearby starburst galaxy M82 based on the UBVI-, YJ- and H-band Hubble Space Telescope images. We find 1105 star clusters with V < 23 mag. Of those, 1070 are located in the disk region, while 35 star clusters are in the halo region. The star clusters in the disk are composed of a dominant blue population with a color peak at (B - V){sub 0} Almost-Equal-To 0.45, and a weaker red population. The luminosity function of the disk clusters shows a power-law distribution with a power-law index {alpha} = -2.04 {+-} 0.03, and the scale height of their distribution is h{sub z} = 9.''64 {+-} 0.''40 (164 {+-} 7 pc), similar to that of the stellar thin disk of M82. We have derived the ages of {approx}630 star clusters using the spectral energy distribution fit method by comparing UBVI(YJ)H-band photometric data with the simple stellar population models. The age distribution of the disk clusters shows that the most dominant cluster population has ages ranging from 100 Myr to 1 Gyr, with a peak at about 500 Myr. This suggests that M82 has undergone a disk-wide star formation about 500 Myr ago, probably through the interaction with M81. The brightest star clusters in the nuclear region are much brighter than those in other regions, indicating that more massive star clusters are formed in the denser environments. On the other hand, the colors of the halo clusters are similar to those of globular clusters in the Milky Way, and their ages are estimated to be older than 1 Gyr. These are probably genuine old globular clusters in M82.

Lim, Sungsoon; Lee, Myung Gyoon [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)] [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Narae, E-mail: slim@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: mglee@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: nhwang@kasi.re.kr [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

87

Clustering in nuclear environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of few-body clusters (mass number $A \\le 4$) are modified if they are immersed in a nuclear medium. In particular, Pauli blocking that reflects the antisymmetrization of the many-body wave function is responsible for the medium modification of light clusters and the dissolution with increasing density. A more consistent description is given with takes also the contribution of correlations in the continuum into account. The relation between cluster formation in warm dense matter and in nuclear structure is discussed.

G. Rpke

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

88

Probability, conditional probability and complementary cumulative distribution functions in performance assessment for radioactive waste disposal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A formal description of the structure of several recent performance assessments (PAs) for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is given in terms of the following three components: a probability space (S{sub st}, S{sub st}, p{sub st}) for stochastic uncertainty, a probability space (S{sub su}, S{sub su}, p{sub su}) for subjective uncertainty and a function (i.e., a random variable) defined on the product space associated with (S{sub st}, S{sub st}, p{sub st}) and (S{sub su}, S{sub su}, p{sub su}). The explicit recognition of the existence of these three components allows a careful description of the use of probability, conditional probability and complementary cumulative distribution functions within the WIPP PA. This usage is illustrated in the context of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s standard for the geologic disposal of radioactive waste (40 CFR 191, Subpart B). The paradigm described in this presentation can also be used to impose a logically consistent structure on PAs for other complex systems.

Helton, J.C. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

uvbyCaHbeta CCD Photometry of Clusters. V. The Metal-Deficient Open Cluster NGC 2243  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CCD photometry on the intermediate-band uvbyCaHbeta system is presented for the metal-deficient open cluster, NGC 2243. Restricting the data to probable single members of the cluster using the CMD and the photometric indices alone generates a sample of 100 stars at the cluster turnoff. The average E(b-y) = 0.039 (0.003 s.e.m.) or E(B-V) = 0.055 (0.004 s.e.m.), where the errors refer to internal errors alone. With this reddening, [Fe/H] is derived from both m_1 and hk, using b-y and Hbeta as the temperature index. The agreement among the four approaches is excellent, leading to a final weighted average of [Fe/H] = -0.57 (0.03 s.e.m.) for the cluster, on a scale where the Hyades has [Fe/H] = +0.12. Using a combination of photometric and spectroscopic data, 27 probable cluster members are identified and used to delineate the red giant branch and a well-defined clump at V = 13.70, while eliminating the so-called second clump at V = 14.1. Interpolation between isochrones of appropriate [Fe/H] leads to an apparent ...

Anthony-Twarog, B J; Twarog, B A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in BPA Control Area: Task One Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a report for task one of the tail event analysis project for BPA. Tail event refers to the situation in a power system when unfavorable forecast errors of load and wind are superposed onto fast load and wind ramps, or non-wind generators falling short of scheduled output, the imbalance between generation and load becomes very significant. This type of events occurs infrequently and appears on the tails of the distribution of system power imbalance; therefore, is referred to as tail events. This report analyzes what happened during the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) reliability event on February 26, 2008, which was widely reported because of the involvement of wind generation. The objective is to identify sources of the problem, solutions to it and potential improvements that can be made to the system. Lessons learned from the analysis include the following: (1) Large mismatch between generation and load can be caused by load forecast error, wind forecast error and generation scheduling control error on traditional generators, or a combination of all of the above; (2) The capability of system balancing resources should be evaluated both in capacity (MW) and in ramp rate (MW/min), and be procured accordingly to meet both requirements. The resources need to be able to cover a range corresponding to the variability of load and wind in the system, additional to other uncertainties; (3) Unexpected ramps caused by load and wind can both become the cause leading to serious issues; (4) A look-ahead tool evaluating system balancing requirement during real-time operations and comparing that with available system resources should be very helpful to system operators in predicting the forthcoming of similar events and planning ahead; and (5) Demand response (only load reduction in ERCOT event) can effectively reduce load-generation mismatch and terminate frequency deviation in an emergency situation.

Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in the BPA Control Area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report investigated the uncertainties with the operations of the power system and their contributions to tail events, especially under high penetration of wind. A Bayesian network model is established to quantify the impact of these uncertainties on system imbalance. The framework is presented for a decision support tool, which can help system operators better estimate the need for balancing reserves and prepare for tail events.

Lu, Shuai; Brothers, Alan J.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Makarov, Yuri V.

2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

92

Small Community Wastewater Cluster Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Small Community Wastewater Cluster Systems Don Jones, Jacqui Bauer, Richard Wise, and Alan Dunn* ID-265 #12;Small Community Wastewater Cluster Systems ID-265 2 It is the policy of the Purdue University Community Wastewater Cluster Systems ID-265 3 Small Community Wastewater Cluster Systems Table of Contents

Holland, Jeffrey

93

CMB-Cluster Lensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clusters of galaxies are powerful cosmological probes, particularly if their masses can be determined. One possibility for mass determination is to study the cosmic microwave background (CMB) on small angular scales and observe deviations from a pure gradient due to lensing of massive clusters. I show that, neglecting contamination, this technique has the power to determine cluster masses very accurately, in agreement with estimates by Seljak and Zaldarriaga (1999). However, the intrinsic small scale structure of the CMB significantly degrades this power. The resulting mass constraints are useless unless one imposes a prior on the concentration parameter c. With even a modest prior on c, an ambitious CMB experiment (0.5' resolution and 1 microK per pixel) could determine masses of high redshift (z>0.5) clusters with ~ 30% accuracy.

Scott Dodelson

2004-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

94

AL 3 (BH 261): a new globular cluster in the Galaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AL~3 (BH 261), previously classified as a faint open cluster candidate, is shown to be a new globular cluster in the Milky Way, by means of B, V and I Color-Magnitude Diagrams. The main feature of AL~3 is a prominent blue extended Horizontal Branch. Its Color-Magnitude Diagrams match those of the intermediate metallicity cluster M~5. The cluster is projected in a rich bulge field, also contaminated by the disk main sequence. The globular cluster is located in the Galactic bulge at a distance from the Sun d$_{\\odot}$ = 6.0$\\pm$0.5 kpc. The reddening is E(B-V)=0.36$\\pm$0.03 and the metallicity is estimated to be [Fe/H] $\\approx$ -1.3$\\pm$0.25. AL~3 is probably one of the least massive globular clusters of the Galaxy.

S. Ortolani; E. Bica; B. Barbuy

2006-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

95

SUBSTELLAR OBJECTS IN NEARBY YOUNG CLUSTERS (SONYC). V. NEW BROWN DWARFS IN {rho} OPHIUCHI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SONYC-Substellar Objects in Nearby Young Clusters-is a survey program to investigate the frequency and properties of substellar objects with masses down to a few times that of Jupiter in nearby star-forming regions. For the {approx}1 Myr old {rho} Ophiuchi cluster, in our earlier paper we reported deep, wide-field optical and near-infrared imaging using Subaru, combined with Two Micron All Sky Survey and Spitzer photometry, as well as follow-up spectroscopy confirming three likely cluster members, including a new brown dwarf with a mass close to the deuterium-burning limit. Here we present the results of extensive new spectroscopy targeting a total of {approx}100 candidates in {rho} Oph, with Fiber Multi Object Spectrograph at the Subaru Telescope and SINFONI at the ESO's Very Large Telescope. We identify 19 objects with effective temperatures at or below 3200 K, eight of which are newly identified very low mass probable members of {rho} Oph. Among these eight, six objects have T{sub eff} {<=} 3000 K, confirming their likely substellar nature. These six new brown dwarfs comprise one-fifth of the known substellar population in {rho} Oph. We estimate that the number of missing substellar objects in our survey area is {approx}15, down to 0.003-0.03 M{sub Sun} and for A{sub V} = 0-15. The upper limit on the low-mass star to brown dwarf ratio in {rho} Oph is 5.1 {+-} 1.4, while the disk fractions are {approx}40% and {approx}60% for stars and brown dwarfs, respectively. Both results are in line with those for other nearby star-forming regions.

Muzic, Koraljka; Jayawardhana, Ray [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Scholz, Alexander [School of Cosmic Physics, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Geers, Vincent [Institut fuer Astronomie, ETH, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 27, 8093 Zuerich (Switzerland); Tamura, Motohide, E-mail: muzic@astro.utoronto.ca [National Astronomical Observatory, Osawa 2-21-2, Mitaka, Tokyo 181 (Japan)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

96

A Panoramic Mid-infrared Survey of Two Distant Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(abridged) We present panoramic Spitzer MIPS 24um observations covering 9x9Mpc (25'x25') fields around two massive clusters, Cl0024+16 and MS0451-03, at z=0.39 and z=0.55. Our observations cover a very wide range of environments within these clusters, from high-density regions around the cores out to the turn-around radius. Cross-correlating the mid-infrared catalogs with deep optical and near-infrared imaging of these fields, we investigate the optical/near-infrared colors of the mid-infrared sources. We find excesses of mid-infrared sources with optical/near-infrared colors expected of cluster members in the two clusters and test this selection using spectroscopically confirmed 24um members. The much more significant excess is associated with Cl0024+16, whereas MS0451-03 has comparatively few mid-infrared sources. The mid-infrared galaxy population in Cl0024+16 appears to be associated with dusty star-forming galaxies (typically redder than the general cluster population by up to A_V~1-2 mags) rather than emission from dusty tori around active galactic nuclei (AGN) in early-type hosts. The inferred total-infrared star-formation rates in Cl0024+16 are typically >5x greater than those found from a similar Halpha survey, indicating significant obscured activity in the cluster population. We find evidence for strong evolution of the level of dust-obscured star-formation in dense environments out to z=0.5, analogous to the rise in fraction of optically-selected star-forming galaxies seen in clusters and the field out to similar redshifts. However, there are clearly significant cluster-to-cluster variations in the populations of mid-infrared sources, probably reflecting differences in the intracluster media and recent dynamical evolution of these systems.

J. E. Geach; Ian Smail; R. S. Ellis; S. M. Moran; G. P. Smith; T. Treu; J. -P. Kneib; A. C. Edge; T. Kodama

2006-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

97

Southeast Idaho Area Links  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Area Attractions and Events Area Geography Area History Area Links Driving Directions Idaho Falls Attractions and Events INL History INL Today Research Park Sagebrush Steppe...

98

The structure of nickel clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reactions of nickel clusters with ammonia and with water are used to probe cluster geometrical structure. Ammonia uptake experiments allow the determination of the number of preferred binding sites on cluster surfaces. This number shows pronounced minima in the 50- to 116- atom size range for many of the cluster sizes that appear as magic numbers in mass spectra of rare gas clusters. Since these magic numbers arise from closings of shells and subshells of the Mackay icosahedra, the correlation suggests that ammoniated nickel clusters in this size region also have icosahedral structure. Similar structure is found for ammoniated clusters smaller than {similar to}30 atoms, but is not seen for room temperature clusters in the vicinity of the third shell closing at 147 atoms. Icosahedral features do appear for the larger clusters at elevated temperatures. For many clusters above 50 atoms, prolonged exposure to ammonia causes a conversion from the icosahedral structure to some other structure that binds more ammonia molecules, and often the two structures are seen together. The equilibrium reaction of a single water molecule with the bare clusters probes the strength of the cluster--water bond. Enhanced water adsorption is often seen for clusters one atom larger than those showing minima in ammonia uptake, suggesting that these bare clusters likewise have icosahedral structure. The reasons for minima in ammonia uptake and maxima in water binding are discussed.

Parks, E.K.; Winter, B.J.; Klots, T.D.; Riley, S.J. (Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (US))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Control rod cluster arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a nuclear reactor including nuclear core which is cooled and moderated by light water, the nuclear core comprising a plurality of parallel arranged openings therethrough and interspersed among the fuel assemblies. A control rod cluster arrangement comprises load follow control rod cluster assemblies with each load follow control rod cluster assembly being adapted to slidingly fit within each of some of the fuel assemblies in the parallel arranged openings, the load follow control rod cluster assemblies each comprising a plurality of elongated parallel arranged rods attached to a single spider, and including a first group of rods and a second group of rods, the first group of rods and the second each consisting of a plurality of absorber rods. The first group of rods consist of absorber rods taken from the group consisting of B/sub 4/C, hafnium, or silver-indium-cadmium and the second group of rods consist of absorber rods each consisting of stainless steel, the first group of rods and the second group of rods each being integrally attached at all times to the single spider, the absorber rods of the second group of rods being dispersed throughout the control rod cluster assembly. The first group of rods have a first neutron capture cross section and the second group of rods have a second neutron capture cross section different from the first cross section.

Orr, W.L.; Doshi, P.K.; Mildrum, C.M.; Freeman, T.R.

1987-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

OPTICAL COLORS OF INTRACLUSTER LIGHT IN THE VIRGO CLUSTER CORE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We continue our deep optical imaging survey of the Virgo cluster using the CWRU Burrell Schmidt telescope by presenting B-band surface photometry of the core of the Virgo cluster in order to study the cluster's intracluster light (ICL). We find ICL features down to {mu}{sub B} {approx}29 mag arcsec{sup -2}, confirming the results of Mihos et al., who saw a vast web of low surface brightness streams, arcs, plumes, and diffuse light in the Virgo cluster core using V-band imaging. By combining these two data sets, we are able to measure the optical colors of many of the cluster's low surface brightness features. While much of our imaging area is contaminated by galactic cirrus, the cluster core near the cD galaxy, M87, is unobscured. We trace the color profile of M87 out to over 2000'', and find a blueing trend with radius, continuing out to the largest radii. Moreover, we have measured the colors of several ICL features which extend beyond M87's outermost reaches and find that they have similar colors to the M87's halo itself, B - V {approx}0.8. The common colors of these features suggest that the extended outer envelopes of cD galaxies, such as M87, may be formed from similar streams, created by tidal interactions within the cluster, that have since dissolved into a smooth background in the cluster potential.

Rudick, Craig S.; Mihos, J. Christopher; Harding, Paul; Morrison, Heather L. [Department of Astronomy, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 (United States); Feldmeier, John J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH 44555 (United States); Janowiecki, Steven, E-mail: csr10@case.ed [Department of Astronomy, Indiana University, 727 East 3rd Street, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Cross-correlation Weak Lensing of SDSS galaxy Clusters II: Cluster Density Profiles and the Mass--Richness Relation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We interpret and model the statistical weak lensing measurements around 130,000 groups and clusters of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey presented by Sheldon et al. (2007). We present non-parametric inversions of the 2D shear profiles to the mean 3D cluster density and mass profiles in bins of both optical richness and cluster i-band luminosity. Since the mean cluster density profile is proportional to the cluster-mass correlation function, the mean profile is spherically symmetric by the assumptions of large-scale homogeneity and isotropy. We correct the inferred 3D profiles for systematic effects, including non-linear shear and the fact that cluster halos are not all precisely centered on their brightest galaxies. We also model the measured cluster shear profile as a sum of contributions from the brightest central galaxy, the cluster dark matter halo, and neighboring halos. We infer the relations between mean cluster virial mass and optical richness and luminosity over two orders of magnitude in cluster mass; the virial mass at fixed richness or luminosity is determined with a precision of {approx} 13% including both statistical and systematic errors. We also constrain the halo concentration parameter and halo bias as a function of cluster mass; both are in good agreement with predictions from N-body simulations of LCDM models. The methods employed here will be applicable to deeper, wide-area optical surveys that aim to constrain the nature of the dark energy, such as the Dark Energy Survey, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and space-based surveys.

Johnston, David E.; Sheldon, Erin S.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Rozo, Eduardo; Koester, Benjamin P.; Frieman, Joshua A.; McKay, Timothy A.; Evrard, August E.; Becker, Matthew; Annis, James

2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

102

Thermodynamics of clusterized matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamics of clusterized matter is studied in the framework of statistical models with non-interacting cluster degrees of freedom. At variance with the analytical Fisher model, exact Metropolis simulation results indicate that the transition from homogeneous to clusterized matter lies along the $\\rho=\\rho_0$ axis at all temperatures and the limiting point of the phase diagram is not a critical point even if the surface energy vanishes at this point. Sensitivity of the inferred phase diagram to the employed statistical framework in the case of finite systems is discussed by considering the grand-canonical and constant-pressure canonical ensembles. A Wigner-Seitz formalism in which the fragment charge is neutralized by an uniform electron distribution allows to build the phase diagram of neutron star matter.

Ad. R. Raduta; F. Gulminelli

2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

103

Reasonable conditions for joint probabilities of non-commuting observables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the operator formalism of quantum mechanics, the density operator describes the complete statistics of a quantum state in terms of d^2 independent elements, where d is the number of possible outcomes for a precise measurement of an observable. In principle, it is therefore possible to express the density operator by a joint probability of two observables that cannot actually be measured jointly because they do not have any common eigenstates. However, such joint probabilities do not refer to an actual measurement outcome, so their definition cannot be based on a set of possible events. Here, I consider the criteria that could specify a unique mathematical form of joint probabilities in the quantum formalism. It is shown that a reasonable set of conditions results in the definition of joint probabilities by ordered products of the corresponding projection operators. It is pointed out that this joint probability corresponds to the quasi probabilities that have recently been observed experimentally in weak measurements.

Holger F. Hofmann

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

104

Origin of the drastic decrease of fusion probability in superheavy mass region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fusion-fission process in the superheavy mass region is studied systematically by solving the time evolution of nuclear shape in three-dimensional deformation space using the Langevin equation. By analyzing the trajectory in the deformation space, we identify the critical area when the trajectory's destination is determined to be the fusion or the quasi-fission process. It is also clarified that the potential landscape around the critical area is crucial for estimating the fusion probability, and its dependence on the atomic number is presented.

Y. Aritomo; M. Ohta

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

105

MAS 108 Probability I Test 11 November 2005, 16101655  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) For which values of p are they more likely to have 2 boys than 3 boys? 3 #12;4 (15 marks) A fish is caught at random on the Great Barrier Reef. The probability that the fish is striped is 7/20; the probability that the fish is luminous is 1/5; and the probability that the fish is both striped and luminuous is 1/20. Find

Bailey, R. A.

106

Galactic Open Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of open clusters has a classic feel to it since the subject predates anyone alive today. Despite the age of this topic, I show via an ADS search that its relevance and importance in astronomy has grown faster in the last few decades than astronomy in general. This is surely due to both technical reasons and the interconnection of the field of stellar evolution to many branches of astronomy. In this review, I outline what we know today about open clusters and what they have taught us about a range of topics from stellar evolution to Galactic structure to stellar disk dissipation timescales. I argue that the most important astrophysics we have learned from open clusters is stellar evolution and that its most important product has been reasonably precise stellar ages. I discuss where open cluster research is likely to go in the next few years, as well as in the era of 20m telescopes, SIM, and GAIA. Age will continue to be of wide relevance in astronomy, from cosmology to planet formation timescales, and with distance errors soon no longer a problem, improved ages will be critically important to many of the most fascinating astrophysical questions.

Ted von Hippel

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

107

Sensible Quantum Mechanics: Are Probabilities only in the Mind?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum mechanics may be formulated as {\\it Sensible Quantum Mechanics} (SQM) so that it contains nothing probabilistic except conscious perceptions. Sets of these perceptions can be deterministically realized with measures given by expectation values of positive-operator-valued {\\it awareness operators}. Ratios of the measures for these sets of perceptions can be interpreted as frequency-type probabilities for many actually existing sets. These probabilities generally cannot be given by the ordinary quantum ``probabilities'' for a single set of alternatives. {\\it Probabilism}, or ascribing probabilities to unconscious aspects of the world, may be seen to be an {\\it aesthemamorphic myth}.

Don N. Page

1995-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

108

New probability table treatment in MCNP for unresolved resonances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An upgrade for MCNP has been implemented to sample the neutron cross sections in the unresolved resonance range using probability tables. These probability tables are generated with the cross section processor code NJOY, by using the evaluated statistical information about the resonances to calculate cumulative probability distribution functions for the microscopic total cross section. The elastic, fission, and radiative capture cross sections are also tabulated as the average values of each of these partials conditional upon the value of the total. This paper summarizes how the probability tables are utilized in this MCNP upgrade and compares this treatment with the approximate smooth treatment for some example problems.

Carter, L.L. [Carter M.C. Analysis, Richland, WA (United States); Little, R.C.; Hendricks, J.S.; MacFarlane, R.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Finite n Largest Eigenvalue Probability Distribution Function of Gaussian Ensembles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we focus on the finite n probability distribution function of the largest eigenvalue in the classical Gaussian Ensemble of n by n matrices (GEn). We derive the finite n largest eigenvalue probability distribution function for the Gaussian Orthogonal and Symplectic Ensembles and also prove an Edgeworth type Theorem for the largest eigenvalue probability distribution function of Gaussian Symplectic Ensemble. The correction terms to the limiting probability distribution are expressed in terms of the same Painleve II functions appearing in the Tracy-Widom distribution.

Leonard N. Choup

2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

110

Connecting Remote Clusters with ATM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia's entry into utilizing clusters of networked workstations is called Computational Plant or CPlant for short. The design of CPlant uses Ethernet to boot the individual nodes, Myrinet to communicate within a node cluster, and ATM to connect between remote clusters. This SAND document covers the work done to enable the use of ATM on the CPlant nodes in the Fall of 1997.

Hu, T.C.; Wyckoff, P.S.

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

The Globular Cluster Luminosity Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main aspects of the globular cluster luminosity function needing to be explained by a general theory of cluster formation are reviewed, and the importance of simultaneously understanding globular cluster systematics (the fundamental plane) within such a theory is pointed out.

Dean E. McLaughlin

2003-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

112

Derivatized gold clusters and antibody-gold cluster conjugates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Antibody- or antibody fragment-gold cluster conjugates are shown wherein the conjugate size can be as small as 5.0 nm. Methods and reagents are disclosed in which antibodies, Fab' or F(ab').sub.2 fragments thereof are covalently bound to a stable cluster of gold atoms. The gold clusters may contain 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 55 or 67 gold atoms in their inner core. The clusters may also contain radioactive gold. The antibody-cluster conjugates are useful in electron microscopy applications as well as in clinical applications that include imaging, diagnosis and therapy.

Hainfeld, James F. (Shoreham, NY); Furuya, Frederic R. (Williston Park, NY)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Using the central VAX cluster at ANL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a manual that discusses the following topics on the Central Vax Cluster at ANL: What the Central Vax Cluster is; how the Vax Cluster works; operational policies; getting started; using tapes; printing on the Vax Cluster; developing programs in VMS; using the X window system on the Central Vax Cluster; and using Central Vax Cluster file sharing services.

Caruthers, C.M.; Vote, S.L. [eds.; Lifka, D.A.; Raffenetti, R.C.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Efficient speaker verification using Gaussian mixture model component clustering.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In speaker verification (SV) systems that employ a support vector machine (SVM) classifier to make decisions on a supervector derived from Gaussian mixture model (GMM) component mean vectors, a significant portion of the computational load is involved in the calculation of the a posteriori probability of the feature vectors of the speaker under test with respect to the individual component densities of the universal background model (UBM). Further, the calculation of the sufficient statistics for the weight, mean, and covariance parameters derived from these same feature vectors also contribute a substantial amount of processing load to the SV system. In this paper, we propose a method that utilizes clusters of GMM-UBM mixture component densities in order to reduce the computational load required. In the adaptation step we score the feature vectors against the clusters and calculate the a posteriori probabilities and update the statistics exclusively for mixture components belonging to appropriate clusters. Each cluster is a grouping of multivariate normal distributions and is modeled by a single multivariate distribution. As such, the set of multivariate normal distributions representing the different clusters also form a GMM. This GMM is referred to as a hash GMM which can be considered to a lower resolution representation of the GMM-UBM. The mapping that associates the components of the hash GMM with components of the original GMM-UBM is referred to as a shortlist. This research investigates various methods of clustering the components of the GMM-UBM and forming hash GMMs. Of five different methods that are presented one method, Gaussian mixture reduction as proposed by Runnall's, easily outperformed the other methods. This method of Gaussian reduction iteratively reduces the size of a GMM by successively merging pairs of component densities. Pairs are selected for merger by using a Kullback-Leibler based metric. Using Runnal's method of reduction, we were able to achieve a factor of 2.77 reduction in a posteriori probability calculations with no loss in accuracy when the original UBM consisted of 256 component densities. When clustering was implemented with a 1024 component UBM, we achieved a computation reduction of 5 with no loss in accuracy and a reduction by a factor of 10 with less than 2.4% relative loss in accuracy.

De Leon, Phillip L. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); McClanahan, Richard D.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Site Monitoring Area Maps  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to the Site Monitoring Area (SMA) The Site Monitoring Area sampler Control measures (best management practices) installed at the Site Monitoring Area Structures such as...

116

Wildlife Management Areas (Minnesota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Certain areas of the State are designated as wildlife protection areas and refuges; new construction and development is restricted in these areas.

117

Radial Alignment of Cluster Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the discovery of a statistically significant radial alignment of cluster galaxies in a sample of 85 X-ray selected clusters observed in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The tendency for alignment is a robust feature of our sample and does not vary significantly with individual cluster or galaxy properties. We use dynamical arguments to show that a significant fraction of cluster galaxies should be undergoing a parametric tidal resonance that can cause their long axes to orient themselves towards the center of the cluster potential, and therefore tentatively ascribe the observed radial alignment to this dynamical effect.

M. J. Pereira; J. R. Kuhn

2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

118

Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Probability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Probability Texas A&M, July 9-13. Nizar Demni Paris VI University July 10, 2007 Nizar Demni Paris VI University Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Pr #12;Definitions Non commutative probability space : Unital Algebra A + linear

Anshelevich, Michael

119

Proof of the outage probability conjecture for MISO channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Telatar 1999, it is conjectured that the covariance matrices minimizing the outage probability for MIMO channels with Gaussian fading are diagonal with either zeros or constant values on the diagonal. In the MISO setting, this is equivalent to conjecture that the Gaussian quadratic forms having largest tale probability correspond to such diagonal matrices. We prove here the conjecture in the MISO setting.

Abbe, Emmanuel; Telatar, Emre

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

MA 747, Spring 2012 Probability and Stochastic Process II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MA 747, Spring 2012 Probability and Stochastic Process II Lecture Notes and Reference book The course will be based on the lecture notes and the reference book: Stochastic Processes, S.R.S. Varadhan theory needed for advanced applications in stochastic processes. It provides the basic probability theory

Ito, Kazufumi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

White Dwarfs in Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review empirical and theoretical findings concerning white dwarfs in Galactic globular clusters. Since their detection is a critical issue we describe in detail the various efforts to find white dwarfs in globular clusters. We then outline the advantages of using cluster white dwarfs to investigate the formation and evolution of white dwarfs and concentrate on evolutionary channels that appear to be unique to globular clusters. We also discuss the usefulness of globular cluster white dwarfs to provide independent information on the distances and ages of globular clusters, information that is very important far beyond the immediate field of white dwarf research. Finally, we mention possible future avenues concerning globular cluster white dwarfs, like the study of strange quark matter or plasma neutrinos.

S. Moehler; G. Bono

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

122

A Conditional Fuzzy Clustering with Adaptive Method A. Elmzabi1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in data mining and pattern recognition areas. Fuzzy clustering allows natural grouping of data in a large cluster corresponds to a Mamdani fuzzy rule. The second step optimizes the fuzzy model parameters by using data set and provides a basis for constructing rule-based fuzzy model. Chiu developed a fuzzy

Zeitouni, Karine

123

PROTOSTARS AND STARS IN THE CORONET CLUSTER: AGE, EVOLUTION, AND CLUSTER STRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present new optical spectroscopy with the FLAMES spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope (VLT), near-IR imaging with VLT/HAWK-I, and 870 {mu}m mapping with APEX/LABOCA of the Coronet cluster. The optical data allow us to estimate spectral types, extinction, and the presence of accretion in 6 more M-type members, in addition to the 12 that we had previously studied. The submillimeter maps and near-IR data reveal the presence of nebular structures and high extinction regions, which are in some cases associated to known IR, optical, and X-ray sources. Most star formation is associated to two elongated structures crossing in the central part of the cluster. Placing all the 18 objects with known spectral types and extinction in an H-R diagram suggests that the cluster is younger than previously thought (<2 Myr, and probably {approx}0.5-1 Myr). The new age estimate is in agreement with the evolutionary status of the various protostars in the region and with its compactness (<1.3 pc across), but results in a conflict with the low disk and accretion fraction (only 50%-65% of low-mass stars appear to have protoplanetary disks, and most transitional and homologously depleted disks are consistent with no accretion) and with the evolutionary features observed in the mid-IR spectra and spectral energy distributions of the disks.

Sicilia-Aguilar, Aurora; Henning, Thomas; Kainulainen, Jouni [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Roccatagliata, Veronica, E-mail: sicilia@mpia.de [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

A discussion on the origin of quantum probabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the origin of quantum probabilities as arising from non-Boolean propositional-operational structures. We apply the method developed by Cox to non distributive lattices and develop an alternative formulation of non-Kolmogorovian probability measures for quantum mechanics. By generalizing the method presented in previous works, we outline a general framework for the deduction of probabilities in general propositional structures represented by lattices (including the non-distributive case). -- Highlights: Several recent works use a derivation similar to that of R.T. Cox to obtain quantum probabilities. We apply Coxs method to the lattice of subspaces of the Hilbert space. We obtain a derivation of quantum probabilities which includes mixed states. The method presented in this work is susceptible to generalization. It includes quantum mechanics and classical mechanics as particular cases.

Holik, Federico, E-mail: olentiev2@gmail.com [Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Instituto de Fsica (IFLP-CCT-CONICET), C.C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina) [Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Instituto de Fsica (IFLP-CCT-CONICET), C.C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Departamento de Matemtica - Ciclo Bsico Comn, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabelln III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Senz, Manuel [Departamento de Matemtica - Ciclo Bsico Comn, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabelln III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Departamento de Matemtica - Ciclo Bsico Comn, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabelln III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Plastino, Angel [Universitat de les Illes Balears and IFISC-CSIC, 07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)] [Universitat de les Illes Balears and IFISC-CSIC, 07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

vbyCaHbeta CCD Photometry of Clusters. VI. The Metal-Deficient Open Cluster NGC 2420  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CCD photometry on the intermediate-band vbyCaHbeta system is presented for the metal-deficient open cluster, NGC 2420. Restricting the data to probable single members of the cluster using the CMD and the photometric indices alone generates a sample of 106 stars at the cluster turnoff. The average E(b-y) = 0.03 +/- 0.003 (s.e.m.) or E(B-V) = 0.050 +/- 0.004 (s.e.m.), where the errors refer to internal errors alone. With this reddening, [Fe/H] is derived from both m1 and hk, using b-y and Hbeta as the temperature index. The agreement among the four approaches is reasonable, leading to a final weighted average of [Fe/H] = -0.37 +/- 0.05 (s.e.m.) for the cluster, on a scale where the Hyades has [Fe/H] = +0.12. When combined with the abundances from DDO photometry and from recalibrated low-resolution spectroscopy, the mean metallicity becomes [Fe/H] = -0.32 +/- 0.03. It is also demonstrated that the average cluster abundances based upon either DDO data or low-resolution spectroscopy are consistently reliable to 0....

Anthony-Twarog, B J; Cracraft, M; Twarog, B A; Anthony-Twarog, Barbara J.; Tanner, Delora; Cracraft, Misty; Twarog, Bruce A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Wildlife Management Areas (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Certain sites in Florida are designated as wildlife management areas, and construction and development is heavily restricted in these areas.

127

Aerosol cluster impact and break-up : II. Atomic and Cluster Scale Models.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding the interaction of aerosol particle clusters/flocs with surfaces is an area of interest for a number of processes in chemical, pharmaceutical, and powder manufacturing as well as in steam-tube rupture in nuclear power plants. Developing predictive capabilities for these applications involves coupled phenomena on multiple length and timescales from the process macroscopic scale ({approx}1m) to the multi-cluster interaction scale (1mm-0.1m) to the single cluster scale ({approx}1000 - 10000 particles) to the particle scale (10nm-10{micro}m) interactions, and on down to the sub-particle, atomic scale interactions. The focus of this report is on the single cluster scale; although work directed toward developing better models of particle-particle interactions by considering sub-particle scale interactions and phenomena is also described. In particular, results of mesoscale (i.e., particle to single cluster scale) discrete element method (DEM) simulations for aerosol cluster impact with rigid walls are presented. The particle-particle interaction model is based on JKR adhesion theory and is implemented as an enhancement to the granular package in the LAMMPS code. The theory behind the model is outlined and preliminary results are shown. Additionally, as mentioned, results from atomistic classical molecular dynamics simulations are also described as a means of developing higher fidelity models of particle-particle interactions. Ultimately, the results from these and other studies at various scales must be collated to provide systems level models with accurate 'sub-grid' information for design, analysis and control of the underlying systems processes.

Lechman, Jeremy B.; Takato, Yoichi (State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

The Architecture of Ant-Based Clustering to improve Topographic Mapping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

behind ant-based clustering is that autonomous stochastic agents, called ants, move data objects on a low stochastic agents, called ants, that move input samples x X from m(x) to new location m (x). #12;Ants might. Probabilities for picking and dropping are computed using the average similarity x(i) between x X and input sam

129

Comparative clustering analysis of variable stars in the Hipparcos, OGLE Large Magellanic Cloud and CoRoT exoplanet databases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context. Discovery of new variability classes in large surveys using multivariate statistics techniques such as clustering, relies heavily on the correct understanding of the distribution of known classes as point processes in parameter space. Aims. Our objective is to analyze the correspondence between the classical stellar variability types and the clusters found in the distribution of light curve parameters and colour indices of stars in the CoRoT exoplanet sample. The final aim is to help in the identification on new types of variability by first identifying the well known variables in the CoRoT sample. Methods. We apply unsupervised classification algorithms to identify clusters of variable stars from modes of the probability density distribution. We use reference variability databases (Hipparcos and OGLE) as a framework to calibrate the clustering methodology. Furthermore, we use the results from supervised classification methods to interpret the resulting clusters. Results.We interpret the clusters in ...

Sarro, L M; Aerts, C; Lpez, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

A Fuzzy Clustering Approach to Word Sense Discrimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

areas of pattern recognition as image processing and computer vision. However, we argue that fuzzy1 A Fuzzy Clustering Approach to Word Sense Discrimination ERIK VELLDAL This paper describes are construed as fuzzy sets, and the words are assigned varying degrees of membership with respect to the vari

Sahay, Sundeep

131

Numerical wave optics and the lensing of gravitational waves by globular clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the possible effects of gravitational lensing by globular clusters on gravitational waves from asymmetric neutron stars in our galaxy. In the lensing of gravitational waves, the long wavelength, compared with the usual case of optical lensing, can lead to the geometrical optics approximation being invalid, in which case a wave optical solution is necessary. In general, wave optical solutions can only be obtained numerically. We describe a computational method that is particularly well suited to numerical wave optics. This method enables us to compare the properties of several lens models for globular clusters without ever calling upon the geometrical optics approximation, though that approximation would sometimes have been valid. Finally, we estimate the probability that lensing by a globular cluster will significantly affect the detection, by ground-based laser interferometer detectors such as LIGO, of gravitational waves from an asymmetric neutron star in our galaxy, finding that the probability is insignificantly small.

Andrew J. Moylan; David E. McClelland; Susan M. Scott; Antony C. Searle; G. V. Bicknell

2007-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

132

Probability, consequences, and mitigation for lightning strikes of Hanford high level waste tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to summarize selected lightning issues concerning the Hanford Waste Tanks. These issues include the probability of a lightning discharge striking the area immediately adjacent to a tank including a riser, the consequences of significant energy deposition from a lightning strike in a tank, and mitigating actions that have been or are being taken. The major conclusion of this report is that the probability of a lightning strike deposition sufficient energy in a tank to cause an effect on employees or the public is unlikely;but there are insufficient, quantitative data on the tanks and waste to prove that. Protection, such as grounding of risers and air terminals on existing light poles, is recommended.

Zach, J.J.

1996-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

133

Probability, consequences, and mitigation for lightning strikes to Hanford site high-level waste tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to summarize selected lightning issues concerning the Hanford Waste Tanks. These issues include the probability of lightning discharge striking the area immediately adjacent to a tank including a riser, the consequences of significant energy deposition from a lightning strike in a tank, and mitigating actions that have been or are being taken. The major conclusion of this report is that the probability of a lightning strike depositing sufficient energy in a tank to cause an effect on employees or the public is unlikely;but there are insufficient, quantitative data on the tanks and waste to prove that. Protection, such as grounding of risers and air terminals on existing light poles, is recommended.

Zach, J.J.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

The Influence of Metal Cluster Size on Adsorption Energies: CO Adsorbed on Au Clusters Supported on TiO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications, including the elimination of CO from automobile emissions, hydrogen gas (for fuel cell the discovery that small Au clusters supported on reducible metal oxides are effective catalysts for CO chemical feedstock.4,5 Many Au catalyst studies have focused on high surface area powdered catalysts (60

Goodman, Wayne

135

Cluster structures in Oxygen isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cluster structure of 16O,18O and 20O is investigated by the antisymmettrized molecular dynamics (AMD) plus generator coordinate method (GCM). We have found the K^{\\pi}=0$_2^+$ and 0$_1^-$ rotational bands of 18O that have the prominent 14C+\\alpha cluster structure. Clustering systematics becomes richer in 20O. We suggest the K^{\\pi}=0$_2^+$ band that is the mixture of the 12C+\\alpha+4n and 14C+6He cluster structures, and the K^{\\pi}=0$_1^-$ band that has the 14C+6He cluster structure. The K^{\\pi}=0$_3^+$ and 0$_2^-$ bands that have the prominent 16C+\\alpha cluster structure are also found.

N. Furutachi; M. kimura; A. Dot; Y. Kanada-En'yo; S. oryu

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Near-deterministic creation of universal cluster states with probabilistic Bell measurements and 3-qubit resource states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a scheme for generating a universal qubit cluster state using probabilistic Bell measurements without the need for feed-forward or long-time quantum memories. Borrowing ideas from percolation theory we numerically show that using unambiguous Bell measurements that succeed with 75% success probability, one could build a cluster state with an underlying pyrochlore geometry such that the probability of having a spanning cluster in a chosen direction approaches unity in the limit of an infinite lattice size. The initial resources required for the generation of a universal state in our protocol are 3-qubit cluster states that are within experimental reach and are a minimal resource for a Bell-measurement-based percolation proposal. Since single and multi-photon losses can be detected in Bell measurements, our protocol raises the prospect of a fully error-robust scheme.

Hussain Zaidi; Chris Dawson; Peter van Loock; Terry Rudolph

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

137

Net quark number probability distribution near the chiral crossover transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate properties of the probability distribution of the net quark number near the chiral crossover transition in the quark-meson model. The calculations are performed within the functional renormalization group approach, as well as in the mean-field approximation. We find, that there is a substantial influence of the underlying chiral phase transition on the properties of the probability distribution. In particular, for a physical pion mass, the distribution which includes the effect of mesonic fluctuations, differs considerably from both, the mean-field and Skellam distributions. The latter is considered as a reference for a non-critical behavior. A characteristic feature of the net quark number probability distribution is that, in the vicinity of the chiral crossover transition in the O(4) universality class, it is narrower than the corresponding mean-field and Skellam function. We study the volume dependence of the probability distribution, as well as the resulting cumulants, and discuss their approximate scaling properties.

Kenji Morita; Bengt Friman; Krzysztof Redlich; Vladimir Skokov

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

138

Beta-hypergeometric probability distribution on symmetric matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beta-hypergeometric probability distribution on symmetric matrices A. Hassairi , M. Masmoudi, O. Regaig Sfax University Tunisia. Running title: Beta-hypergeometric distribution Abstract : Some remarkable properties of the beta distribution are based on relations in- volving independence between beta

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

139

On Transformations between Probability and Spohnian Disbelief Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Such transformations between probability and Spohn's calculi can contribute to (1) a clarification of the semantics of non-probabilistic degree of uncertain belief, and (2) to a construction of a decision theory for such calculi. In practice, the transformations...

Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

BayesDB : querying the probable implications of tabular data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BayesDB, a Bayesian database table, lets users query the probable implications of their tabular data as easily as an SQL database lets them query the data itself. Using the built-in Bayesian Query Language (BQL), users ...

Baxter, Jay

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Inductive inference based on probability and Matthew Weber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inductive inference based on probability and similarity Matthew Weber Princeton University Daniel in the Bayesian sense (Tentori et al., 2007), or as Weber acknowledges support from an NSF graduate research

Osherson, Daniel

142

The Seven Sisters DANCe. I. Empirical isochrones, Luminosity and Mass Functions of the Pleiades cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The DANCe survey provides photometric and astrometric (position and proper motion) measurements for approximately 2 millions unique sources in a region encompassing $\\approx$80deg$^{2}$ centered around the Pleiades cluster. We aim at deriving a complete census of the Pleiades, and measure the mass and luminosity function of the cluster. Using the probabilistic selection method described in Sarro+2014, we identify high probability members in the DANCe ($i\\ge$14mag) and Tycho-2 ($V\\lesssim$12mag) catalogues, and study the properties of the cluster over the corresponding luminosity range. We find a total of 2109 high probability members, of which 812 are new, making it the most extensive and complete census of the cluster to date. The luminosity and mass functions of the cluster are computed from the most massive members down to $\\approx$0.025M$_{\\odot}$. The size, sensitivity and quality of the sample result in the most precise luminosity and mass functions observed to date for a cluster. Our census supersedes ...

Bouy, H; Sarro, L M; Barrado, D; Moraux, E; Bouvier, J; Cuillandre, J -C; Berihuete, A; Olivares, J; Beletsky, Y

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

PDSF Cluster Statistics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratorySpeedingOptimizing I/OP-Glycoprotein StructureStatistics Cluster

144

Calculating the probability of detecting radio signals from alien civilizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although it might not be self-evident, it is in fact entirely possible to calculate the probability of detecting alien radio signals by understanding what types of extraterrestrial radio emissions can be expected and what properties these emissions can have. Using the Drake equation as the obvious starting point, and logically identifying and enumerating constraints of interstellar radio communications can yield the probability of detecting a genuine alien radio signal.

Marko Horvat

2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

145

Calculating the probability of detecting radio signals from alien civilizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although it might not be self-evident, it is in fact entirely possible to calculate the probability of detecting alien radio signals by understanding what types of extraterrestrial radio emissions can be expected and what properties these emissions can have. Using the Drake equation as the obvious starting point, and logically identifying and enumerating constraints of interstellar radio communications can yield the probability of detecting a genuine alien radio signal.

Horvat, Marko

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

MTH 164 Practice Exam 4 -Probability Theory Spring 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) black A) 2 3 B) 1 3 C) 2 5 D) 1 2 1) Find the probability. 2) A bag contains 6 red marbles, 3 blue marbles, and 1 green marble. What is the probability that a randomly selected marble is not blue? A) 7 10 has 22 students, 12 girls and 10 boys. Two students must be selected at random to be in the fall play

Garcia-Puente, Luis David

147

The resonance absorption probability function for neutron and multiplicative integral  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The analytical approximations for the moderating neutrons flux density like Fermi spectra, widely used in reactor physics, involve the probability function for moderating neutron to avoid the resonant absorption obtained using some restrictive assumptions regarding the acceptable resonances width. By means of multiplicative integral (Volterra integral) theory for a commutative algebra an analytical expression for the probability function is obtained rigorously without any restrictive assumptions.

V. D. Rusov; V. A. Tarasov; S. I. Kosenko; S. A. Chernegenko

2012-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

148

INTRACLUSTER MEDIUM OF THE MERGING CLUSTER A3395  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a detailed imaging and spectral analysis of the merging environment of the bimodal cluster A3395 using X-ray and radio observations. X-ray images of the cluster show five main constituents of diffuse emission: A3395 NE, A3395 SW, A3395 NW, A3395 W, and a filament connecting NE to W. X-ray surface brightness profiles of the cluster did not show any shock fronts in the cluster. Temperature and entropy maps show high-temperature and high-entropy regions in the W, the NW, the filament, and between the NE and SW subclusters. The NE, SW, and W components have X-ray bolometric luminosities similar to those of rich clusters of galaxies but have relatively higher temperatures. Similarly, the NW component has X-ray bolometric luminosity similar to that of isolated groups but with much higher temperature. It is, therefore, possible that all the components of the cluster have been heated by the ongoing mergers. The NE subcluster is the most massive and luminous constituent and other subclusters are found to be gravitationally bound to it. The W component is most probably either a clump of gas stripped off the SW due to ram pressure or a separate subcluster that has merged or is merging with the SW. No X-ray cavities are seen associated with the wide-angle-tailed (WAT) radio source near the center of the SW subcluster. Minimum energy pressure in the radio emission peaks of the WAT galaxy is comparable with the external thermal pressure. The radio spectrum of the WAT suggests a spectral age of {approx}10 Myr.

Lakhchaura, Kiran; Singh, K. P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 1 Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India); Saikia, D. J. [National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune University Campus, Pune 411007 (India); Hunstead, R. W., E-mail: kiran_astro@tifr.res.in [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

149

PHAT STELLAR CLUSTER SURVEY. I. YEAR 1 CATALOG AND INTEGRATED PHOTOMETRY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury (PHAT) survey is an ongoing Hubble Space Telescope (HST) multi-cycle program to obtain high spatial resolution imaging of one-third of the M31 disk at ultraviolet through near-infrared wavelengths. In this paper, we present the first installment of the PHAT stellar cluster catalog. When completed, the PHAT cluster catalog will be among the largest and most comprehensive surveys of resolved star clusters in any galaxy. The exquisite spatial resolution achieved with HST has allowed us to identify hundreds of new clusters that were previously inaccessible with existing ground-based surveys. We identify 601 clusters in the Year 1 sample, representing more than a factor of four increase over previous catalogs within the current survey area (390 arcmin{sup 2}). This work presents results derived from the first {approx}25% of the survey data; we estimate that the final sample will include {approx}2500 clusters. For the Year 1 objects, we present a catalog with positions, radii, and six-band integrated photometry. Along with a general characterization of the cluster luminosities and colors, we discuss the cluster luminosity function, the cluster size distributions, and highlight a number of individually interesting clusters found in the Year 1 search.

Johnson, L. Clifton; Dalcanton, Julianne J.; Fouesneau, Morgan; Hodge, Paul W.; Weisz, Daniel R.; Williams, Benjamin F.; Beerman, Lori C. [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Seth, Anil C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Caldwell, Nelson [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Gouliermis, Dimitrios A. [Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Zentrum fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Heidelberg, Albert-Ueberle-Strasse 2, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Larsen, Soren S. [Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen (Netherlands); Olsen, Knut A. G. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); San Roman, Izaskun; Sarajedini, Ata [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Bianchi, Luciana [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Dolphin, Andrew E. [Raytheon Company, 1151 East Hermans Road, Tucson, AZ 85756 (United States); Girardi, Leo [Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova-INAF, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy); Guhathakurta, Puragra [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California Observatories/Lick Observatory, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Kalirai, Jason [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Lang, Dustin, E-mail: lcjohnso@astro.washington.edu [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); and others

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

150

Aerosol cluster impact and break-up : model and implementation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report a model for simulating aerosol cluster impact with rigid walls is presented. The model is based on JKR adhesion theory and is implemented as an enhancement to the granular (DEM) package within the LAMMPS code. The theory behind the model is outlined and preliminary results are shown. Modeling the interactions of small particles is relevant to a number of applications (e.g., soils, powders, colloidal suspensions, etc.). Modeling the behavior of aerosol particles during agglomeration and cluster dynamics upon impact with a wall is of particular interest. In this report we describe preliminary efforts to develop and implement physical models for aerosol particle interactions. Future work will consist of deploying these models to simulate aerosol cluster behavior upon impact with a rigid wall for the purpose of developing relationships for impact speed and probability of stick/bounce/break-up as well as to assess the distribution of cluster sizes if break-up occurs. These relationships will be developed consistent with the need for inputs into system-level codes. Section 2 gives background and details on the physical model as well as implementations issues. Section 3 presents some preliminary results which lead to discussion in Section 4 of future plans.

Lechman, Jeremy B.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Incremental Hierarchical Clustering of Text Documents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution is demonstrated. 1 Introduction Document clustering is an effective tool to manage informationIncremental Hierarchical Clustering of Text Documents by Nachiketa Sahoo Adviser: Jamie Callan May 5, 2006 Abstract Incremental hierarchical text document clustering algorithms are important

Gordon, Geoffrey J.

152

Architectural support for enhancing security in clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to security, numerous security loopholes in cluster servers come to the forefront. Clusters usually rely on rewalls for their security, but the rewalls cannot prevent all security attacks; therefore, cluster systems should be designed to be robust...

Lee, Man Hee

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Clustering of floaters by waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study experimentally how waves affect distribution of particles that float on a water surface. We show that clustering of small particles in a standing wave is a nonlinear effect with the clustering time decreasing as the square of the wave amplitude. In a set of random waves, we show that small floaters concentrate on a multi-fractal set.

P. Denissenko; G. Falkovich; S. Lukaschuk

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

154

Relative Ages of Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ages of extragalactic globular clusters can provide valuable insights into the formation and evolution of galaxies. In this contribution the photometric methods of age dating old globular cluster systems are summarised. The spectroscopic approach is reviewed with an emphasis of the right choice of age diagnostics. We present a new method of quantifying the relatively best age-sensitive spectroscopic index given the quality of a data set and a certain theoretical stellar synthesis model. The relatively best diagnostic plot is constructed from the set of Lick indices and used to age date globular clusters in several early-type galaxies which are part of a large spectroscopic survey of extragalactic globular cluster systems. We find that, independently of host galaxy, metal-poor ([Fe/H] 8 Gyr) and coeval. Metal-rich clusters show a wide range of ages from ~15 down to a few Gyr.

Thomas H. Puzia

2002-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

155

uvbyCaHbeta CCD Photometry of Clusters. III. The Most Metal-Rich Open Cluster, NGC 6253  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CCD photometry on the intermediate-band uvbyCaH-beta system is presented for the old open cluster, NGC 6253. Despite a high level of field star contamination due to its location toward the galactic center, combination of the data from the multiple color indices with the core cluster sample derived from radial star counts leads to the identification of a set of highly probable, single cluster members. Photometric analysis of a select sample of 71 turnoff stars produces a reddening value of E(b-y) = 0.190 +/-0.002 (s.e.m.) or E(B-V) = 0.260 +/- 0.003 (s.e.m.) from 71 stars. The metallicity indices, delta-m1 and delta-hk, both identify this cluster as the most metal-rich object studied on either system to date. Simple extrapolation of the available metallicity calibrations leads to [Fe/H] ranging from +0.7 to +0.9. Metal-rich isochrones with overshoot imply an age between 2.5 and 3.5 Gyr, with an apparent distance modulus between (m-M)= 11.6 and 12.2, depending upon the isochrones used. The improvement in the fi...

Twarog, B A; De Lee, N

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

uvbyCa H beta CCD Photometry of Clusters. VII. The Intermediate-Age Anticenter Cluster Melotte 71  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CCD photometry on the intermediate-band uvbyCa H beta system is presented for the anticenter, intermediate-age open cluster, Melotte 71. Restricting the data to probable single members of the cluster using the color-magnitude diagram and the photometric indices alone generates a sample of 48 F dwarfs on the unevolved main sequence. The average E(b-y) = 0.148 +/- 0.003 (s.e.m.) or E(B-V) = 0.202 +/- 0.004 (s.e.m.), where the errors refer to internal errors alone. With this reddening, [Fe/H] is derived from both m1 and hk, using H beta and b-y as the temperature index, with excellent agreement among the four approaches and a final weighted average of [Fe/H] = -0.17 +/- 0.02 (s.e.m.) for the cluster, on a scale where the Hyades has [Fe/H] = +0.12. When adjusted for the higher reddening estimate, the previous metallicity estimates from Washington photometry and from spectroscopy are now in agreement with the intermediate-band result. From comparisons to isochrones of appropriate metallicity, the cluster age and d...

Twarog, B A; Corder, S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Hydrologically Sensitive Areas: Variable Source Area Hydrology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrologically Sensitive Areas: Variable Source Area Hydrology Implications for Water Quality Risk hydrology was developed and applied to the New York City (NYC) water supply watersheds. According and are therefore hydrologically sensitive with respect to their potential to transport contaminants to perennial

Walter, M.Todd

158

Fragmentation Energetics of Clusters Relevant to Atmospheric...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Clusters Relevant to Atmospheric New Particle Formation. Fragmentation Energetics of Clusters Relevant to Atmospheric New Particle Formation. Abstract: The exact mechanisms by...

159

Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy SHARE Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy As the nation's premier research laboratory, ORNL is one of the world's most capable resources...

160

AREA COORDINATOR RESIDENTIAL EDUCATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AREA COORDINATOR RESIDENTIAL EDUCATION VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE The Office of Housing and Residential Education at Vanderbilt University is seeking applicants for an Area Coordinator. The Area Coordinator is responsible for assisting in the management and operation of a residential area

Bordenstein, Seth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Simulation and Estimation of Extreme Quantiles and Extreme Probabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Let X be a random vector with distribution {mu} on Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d} and {Phi} be a mapping from Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d} to Double-Struck-Capital-R . That mapping acts as a black box, e.g., the result from some computer experiments for which no analytical expression is available. This paper presents an efficient algorithm to estimate a tail probability given a quantile or a quantile given a tail probability. The algorithm improves upon existing multilevel splitting methods and can be analyzed using Poisson process tools that lead to exact description of the distribution of the estimated probabilities and quantiles. The performance of the algorithm is demonstrated in a problem related to digital watermarking.

Guyader, Arnaud, E-mail: arnaud.guyader@uhb.fr [Universite Rennes 2 (France); Hengartner, Nicolas [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Information Sciences Group (United States); Matzner-Lober, Eric [Universite Rennes 2 (France)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Down syndrome clusters in Germany after the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In two independent studies using different approaches and covering West Berlin and Bavaria, respectively, highly significant temporal clusters of Down syndrome were found. Both sharp increases occurred in areas receiving relatively low Chernobyl fallout and concomitant radiation exposures. Only for the Berlin cluster was fallout present at the time of the affected meiosis, whereas the Nuremberg cluster preceded the radioactive contamination by 1 month. Hypotheses on possible causal relationships are compared. Radiation from the Chernobyl accident is an unlikely factor, because the associated cumulative dose was so low in comparison with natural background. Microdosimetric considerations would indicate that fewer than 1 in 200 oocyte nuclei would have experienced an ionizing event from Chernobyl radioactivity. Given the lack of understanding of what causes Down syndrome, other than factors associated with increased maternal age, additional research into environmental and infectious risk factors is warranted. 23 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Burkart, W.; Grosche, B.; Schoetzau, A. [Institute for Radiation Hygiene, Oberschleissheim (Germany)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Demonstration Integrated Knowledge-Based System for Estimating Human Error Probabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) is currently comprised of at least 40 different methods that are used to analyze, predict, and evaluate human performance in probabilistic terms. Systematic HRAs allow analysts to examine human-machine relationships, identify error-likely situations, and provide estimates of relative frequencies for human errors on critical tasks, highlighting the most beneficial areas for system improvements. Unfortunately, each of HRA's methods has a different philosophical approach, thereby producing estimates of human error probabilities (HEPs) that area better or worse match to the error likely situation of interest. Poor selection of methodology, or the improper application of techniques can produce invalid HEP estimates, where that erroneous estimation of potential human failure could have potentially severe consequences in terms of the estimated occurrence of injury, death, and/or property damage.

Auflick, Jack L.

1999-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

164

Surface spin flip probability of mesoscopic Ag wires.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spin relaxation in mesoscopic Ag wires in the diffusive transport regime is studied via nonlocal spin valve and Hanle effect measurements performed on Permalloy/Ag lateral spin valves. The ratio between momentum and spin relaxation times is not constant at low temperatures. This can be explained with the Elliott-Yafet spin relaxation mechanism by considering the momentum surface relaxation time as being temperature dependent. We present a model to separately determine spin flip probabilities for phonon, impurity and surface scattering and find that the spin flip probability is highest for surface scattering.

Mihajlovic, G.; Pearson, J. E.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A.

2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

165

Probability analysis of dry-day sequences in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0. d 0. 5 0. 4 0. 3 0. 2 0. 1 0 20 40 d0 80 100 120 140 140 180 200 220 240 240 280 300 320 340 340 JULIAN DATE Fig, 7. Three-cycle maximum and minimum probabilities for Brownsville, Texas. 1. 0 m I a O 0. 9 0. 8 0. 7 0. d 0. 8 0...PROBABILITY ANALYSIS OF DRY-DAY SEQUENCES IN TEXAS A I'hesis by ROBERT SAMES MILNE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE DECEMBER 1971 Major...

Milne, Robert James

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Galaxy clusters at 0.6 < z < 1.4 in the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey Early Data Release  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first cluster catalogue extracted from the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey Early Data Release. The catalogue is created using UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey infrared J and K data combined with 3.6 micro-m and 4.5 micro-m Spitzer bands and optical BVRi'z' imaging from the Subaru Telescope over 0.5 square degrees in the Subaru XMM-Newton Deep Field. We have created a new cluster-detection algorithm, based on the Friends-Of-Friends and Voronoi Tessellation methods, which utilises probability distribution functions derived from a photometric redshift analysis. We employ mock catalogues to understand the selection effects and contamination associated with the algorithm. The cluster catalogue contains 13 clusters at redshifts 0.61 10^14 M_sun) clusters is precisely in line with theoretical predictions presented by Kneissl et al. (2001).

C. van Breukelen; L. Clewley; D. G. Bonfield; S. Rawlings; M. J. Jarvis; J. M. Barr; S. Foucaud; O. Almaini; M. Cirasuolo; G. Dalton; J. S. Dunlop; A. C. Edge; P. Hirst; R. J. McLure; M. J. Page; K. Sekiguchi; C. Simpson; I. Smail; M. G. Watson

2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

167

Cluster Selection and the Evolution of Brightest Cluster Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The K-band Hubble diagram of Brightest Cluster Galaxies (BCGs) is presented for a large, X-ray selected cluster sample extending out to z = 0.8. The controversy over the degree of BCG evolution is shown to be due to sample selection, since the BCG luminosity depends upon the cluster environment. Selecting only the most X-ray luminous clusters produces a BCG sample which shows, under the assumption of an Einstein-de Sitter cosmology, significantly less mass growth than that predicted by current semi-analytic galaxy formation models, and significant evidence of any growth only if the dominant stellar population of the BCGs formed relatively recently (z <= 2.6).

D. J. Burke; C. A. Collins; R. G. Mann

2000-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

168

Wide-Field Survey of Globular Clusters in M31. I. A Catalog of New Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the result of a wide-field survey of globular clusters (GCs) in M31 covering a 3deg x 3deg field c. We have searched for GCs on CCD images taken with Washington CMT1 filters at the KPNO 0.9 m telescope using steps: (1) inspection of morphological parameters given by the SExtractor package such as stellarity, full maximum, and ellipticity; (2) consulting the spectral types and radial velocities obtained from spectra takena spectrograph at the WIYN 3.5 m telescope; and (3) visual inspection of the images of each object. We have and GC candidates, of which 605 are newly found GCs and GC candidates and 559 are previously known GCs. Amoects there are 113 genuine GCs, 258 probable GCs, and 234 possible GCs, according to our classification critee known objects there are 383 genuine GCs, 109 probable GCs, and 67 possible GCs. In total there are 496 genprobable GCs and 301 possible GCs. Most of these newly found GCs have T1 magnitudes of 17.5 - 19.5 mag, [17.9 < V < 19.9 mag assuming (C-T1) ~ 1.5], and (C-T1) colors in the range 1 - 2.

Sang Chul Kim; Myung Gyoon Lee; Doug Geisler; Ata Sarajedini; Hong Soo Park; Ho Seong Hwang; William E. Harris; Juan C. Seguel; Ted von Hippel

2007-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

169

Determining $?$ from cluster correlation function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown how data on the cluster correlation function can be used in order to reconstruct the density of the pregalactic density field on the cluster mass scale. The method is applied to the data on the cluster correlation amplitude -- richness dependence. The spectrum of the recovered density field has the same shape as the density field derived from data on the galaxy correlation function which is measured as function of linear scales. Matching the two amplitudes relates the mass to the comoving scale it contains and thereby leads to a direct determination of $\\Omega$. The resultant density parameter turns out to be $\\Omega$=0.25.

A. Kashlinsky

1998-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

170

GAMMA RAYS FROM STAR FORMATION IN CLUSTERS OF GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Star formation in galaxies is observed to be associated with gamma-ray emission, presumably from non-thermal processes connected to the acceleration of cosmic-ray nuclei and electrons. The detection of gamma rays from starburst galaxies by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) has allowed the determination of a functional relationship between star formation rate and gamma-ray luminosity. Since star formation is known to scale with total infrared (8-1000 {mu}m) and radio (1.4 GHz) luminosity, the observed infrared and radio emission from a star-forming galaxy can be used to quantitatively infer the galaxy's gamma-ray luminosity. Similarly, star-forming galaxies within galaxy clusters allow us to derive lower limits on the gamma-ray emission from clusters, which have not yet been conclusively detected in gamma rays. In this study, we apply the functional relationships between gamma-ray luminosity and radio and IR luminosities of galaxies derived by the Fermi Collaboration to a sample of the best candidate galaxy clusters for detection in gamma rays in order to place lower limits on the gamma-ray emission associated with star formation in galaxy clusters. We find that several clusters have predicted gamma-ray emission from star formation that are within an order of magnitude of the upper limits derived in Ackermann et al. based on non-detection by Fermi-LAT. Given the current gamma-ray limits, star formation likely plays a significant role in the gamma-ray emission in some clusters, especially those with cool cores. We predict that both Fermi-LAT over the course of its lifetime and the future Cerenkov Telescope Array will be able to detect gamma-ray emission from star-forming galaxies in clusters.

Storm, Emma M.; Jeltema, Tesla E.; Profumo, Stefano [Department of Physics, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

171

Relationships among probability distributions of stream discharges in floods, climate,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relationships among probability distributions of stream discharges in floods, climate, bed load of both follow power laws. The number N(Q) of days on which the discharge exceeds Q, or the number of the United States. To examine the effect of climate change on bed load transport and river incision, we

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

172

Adaptive MFR Parameter Control: Fixed vs. Variable Probabilities of Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

probability on measurement level, i.c. plot level, should be fixed. This is done either by fixing.boers,hans.driessen,jitse.zwaga}@nl.thalesgroup.com keywords: Multi Function Radar, Tracking, Optimization Abstract In this paper an efficient adaptive parameter control scheme for Multi Function Radar (MFR) is used. The scheme has been designed in such a way

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

173

Probability around the Quantum Gravity. Part 1: Planar Pure Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probability around the Quantum Gravity. Part 1: Planar Pure Gravity V.A.Malyshev \\Lambda September 17, 1998 Abstract In this paper we study stochastic dynamics which leaves quantum gravity equilibrium science and biology. At the same time the paper can serve an intro­ duction to quantum gravity

174

Forecasting wave height probabilities with numerical weather prediction models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forecasting wave height probabilities with numerical weather prediction models Mark S. Roulstona; Numerical weather prediction 1. Introduction Wave forecasting is now an integral part of operational weather methods for generating such forecasts from numerical model output from the European Centre for Medium

Stevenson, Paul

175

1997 by M. Kostic Ch.4: Probability and Statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ©1997 by M. Kostic Ch.4: Probability and Statistics Variations due to: · Measurement System. ©1997 by M. Kostic Statistical Measurement Theory · Sample - a set of measured data · Measurand - measured variable · (True) mean value: (x') xmean #12;2 ©1997 by M. Kostic Mean Value and Uncertainty x

Kostic, Milivoje M.

176

Calculating the probability of injected carbon dioxide plumes encountering faults  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the main concerns of storage in saline aquifers is leakage via faults. In the early stages of site selection, site-specific fault coverages are often not available for these aquifers. This necessitates a method using available fault data to estimate the probability of injected carbon dioxide encountering and migrating up a fault. The probability of encounter can be calculated from areal fault density statistics from available data, and carbon dioxide plume dimensions from numerical simulation. Given a number of assumptions, the dimension of the plume perpendicular to a fault times the areal density of faults with offsets greater than some threshold of interest provides probability of the plume encountering such a fault. Application of this result to a previously planned large-scale pilot injection in the southern portion of the San Joaquin Basin yielded a 3% and 7% chance of the plume encountering a fully and half seal offsetting fault, respectively. Subsequently available data indicated a half seal-offsetting fault at a distance from the injection well that implied a 20% probability of encounter for a plume sufficiently large to reach it.

Jordan, P.D.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Annals of Probability 2007, Vol. 35, No. 1, 131  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operates as follows. An environment is chosen from the distribution P and fixed for all time. Pick probability distribution Pz(dX,d) = P z (dX)P(d) on walks and environments is called the joint annealed law IN A RANDOM ENVIRONMENT WITH A FORBIDDEN DIRECTION BY FIRAS RASSOUL-AGHA AND TIMO SEPP?L?INEN1 University

Seppäläinen, Timo

178

Joint probability of precipitation and discharge deficits in the Netherlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joint probability of precipitation and discharge deficits in the Netherlands Jules J. Beersma and T. Adri Buishand Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, The Netherlands Received 14 April] The Netherlands are situated at the downstream end of the Rhine River. A large part of the country can be supplied

Beersma, Jules

179

Generic Degraded Congiguration Probability Analysis for DOE Codisposal Waste Package  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In accordance with the technical work plan, ''Technical Work Plan For: Department of Energy Spent Nuclear Fuel Work Packages'' (CRWMS M&O 2000c), this Analysis/Model Report (AMR) is developed for the purpose of screening out degraded configurations for U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) types. It performs the degraded configuration parameter and probability evaluations of the overall methodology specified in the ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2000, Section 3) to qualifying configurations. Degradation analyses are performed to assess realizable parameter ranges and physical regimes for configurations. Probability calculations are then performed for configurations characterized by k{sub eff} in excess of the Critical Limit (CL). The scope of this document is to develop a generic set of screening criteria or models to screen out degraded configurations having potential for exceeding a criticality limit. The developed screening criteria include arguments based on physical/chemical processes and probability calculations and apply to DOE SNF types when codisposed with the high-level waste (HLW) glass inside a waste package. The degradation takes place inside the waste package and is long after repository licensing has expired. The emphasis of this AMR is on degraded configuration screening and the probability analysis is one of the approaches used for screening. The intended use of the model is to apply the developed screening criteria to each DOE SNF type following the completion of the degraded mode criticality analysis internal to the waste package.

S.F.A. Deng; M. Saglam; L.J. Gratton

2001-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

180

Local Privacy and Minimax Bounds: Sharp Rates for Probability Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Jordan1,2 Martin J. Wainwright1,2 1 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 2Local Privacy and Minimax Bounds: Sharp Rates for Probability Estimation John C. Duchi1 Michael I Department of Statistics University of California, Berkeley {jduchi

Jordan, Michael I.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

BRIEF COMMUNICATIONS A probable spawning aggregation of the leather bass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of herbivores that facilitate leather bass predation on benthic fishes and crustaceans (Montgomery, 1975). Of the 122 reef fish species in Revillagigedo recorded on scuba dives in February 2006, the leather bassBRIEF COMMUNICATIONS A probable spawning aggregation of the leather bass Dermatolepis dermatolepis

182

The BMW Deep X-ray Cluster Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We briefly describe the main features of the Brera Multi-Wavelet (BMW) survey of serendipitous X-ray clusters, based on the still unexploited ROSAT-HRI archival observations. Cluster candidates are selected from the general BMW catalogue of 20,000 sources based exclusively on their X-ray extension. Contrary to common wisdom, a clever selection of the HRI energy channels allows us to significantly reduce the background noise, thus greatly improving the ability to detect low surface-brightness sources as clusters. The resulting sample of ~250 candidates shows a very good sky coverage down to a flux \\~3x10^-14 erg/s/cm^2 ([0.5-2.0] keV band), i.e comparable to existing PSPC-based deep survey, with a particularly interesting area of ~100 sq.deg. around fluxes ~10^-13 erg/s/cm^2, i.e. where highly-luminous, rare systems at z~0.6-1 can be detected. At the same time, the superior angular resolution of the instrument should avoid biases against intrinsically small systems, while easing the identification process (e.g. by spotting blends and AGN contaminants). While about 20% of the candidates are already identified with groups/clusters at z0.5) bonafide cluster counterpart for ~80% of the targets.

L. Guzzo; A. Moretti; S. Campana; S. Covino; I. Dell'Antonio; D. Lazzati; M. Longhetti; E. Molinari; M. R. Panzera; G. Tagliaferri

2001-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

183

Modeling highway travel time distribution with conditional probability models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Under the sponsorship of the Federal Highway Administration's Office of Freight Management and Operations, the American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI) has developed performance measures through the Freight Performance Measures (FPM) initiative. Under this program, travel speed information is derived from data collected using wireless based global positioning systems. These telemetric data systems are subscribed and used by trucking industry as an operations management tool. More than one telemetric operator submits their data dumps to ATRI on a regular basis. Each data transmission contains truck location, its travel time, and a clock time/date stamp. Data from the FPM program provides a unique opportunity for studying the upstream-downstream speed distributions at different locations, as well as different time of the day and day of the week. This research is focused on the stochastic nature of successive link travel speed data on the continental United States Interstates network. Specifically, a method to estimate route probability distributions of travel time is proposed. This method uses the concepts of convolution of probability distributions and bivariate, link-to-link, conditional probability to estimate the expected distributions for the route travel time. Major contribution of this study is the consideration of speed correlation between upstream and downstream contiguous Interstate segments through conditional probability. The established conditional probability distributions, between successive segments, can be used to provide travel time reliability measures. This study also suggests an adaptive method for calculating and updating route travel time distribution as new data or information is added. This methodology can be useful to estimate performance measures as required by the recent Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP 21).

Oliveira Neto, Francisco Moraes [ORNL] [ORNL; Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL] [ORNL; Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL] [ORNL; Han, Lee [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Basalt K Eburru Geothermal Area Eburru Geothermal Area East African Rift System Kenya Rift Basalt Fukushima Geothermal Area Fukushima Geothermal Area Northeast Honshu Arc...

185

Infrared spectroscopy of ionic clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis describes new experiments wherein the infrared vibrational predissociation spectra of a number of mass-selected ionic cluster systems have been obtained and analyzed in the 2600 to 4000 cm{sup {minus}1} region. The species studied include: the hydrated hydronium ions, H{sub 3}O{sup +} (H{sub 2}O){sub 3 {minus}10}, ammoniated ammonium ions, NH{sub 4}{sup +}(NH{sub 3}){sub 1 {minus}10} and cluster ions involving both water and ammonia around an ammonium ion core, (mixed clusters) NH{sub 4}{sup +}(NH{sub 3}){sub n}(H{sub 2}O){sub m} (n+m=4). In each case, the spectra reveal well resolved structures that can be assigned to transitions arising from the vibrational motions of both the ion core of the clusters and the surrounding neutral solvent molecules. 154 refs., 19 figs., 8 tabs.

Price, J.M. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (USA). Dept. of Chemistry Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Multi-source contingency clustering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the problem of clustering multiple, related sets of data simultaneously. Given datasets which are in some way connected (e.g. temporally) but which do not necessarily share label compatibility, we ...

Bouvrie, Jacob V

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Clusters and the Cosmic Web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the intimate relationship between the filamentary features and the rare dense compact cluster nodes in this network, via the large scale tidal field going along with them, following the cosmic web theory developed Bond et al. The Megaparsec scale tidal shear pattern is responsible for the contraction of matter into filaments, and its link with the cluster locations can be understood through the implied quadrupolar mass distribution in which the clusters are to be found at the sites of the overdense patches. We present a new technique for tracing the cosmic web, identifying planar walls, elongated filaments and cluster nodes in the galaxy distribution. This will allow the practical exploitation of the concept of the cosmic web towards identifying and tracing the locations of the gaseous WHIM. These methods, the Delaunay Tessellation Field Estimator (DTFE) and the Morphology Multiscale Filter (MMF) find their basis in computational geometry and visualization.

Rien van de Weygaert

2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

188

Adhesive Gravitational Clustering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The notion of `adhesion' has been advanced for the phenomenon of stabilization of large-scale structure emerging from gravitational instability of a cold medium. Recently, the physical origin of adhesion has been identified: a systematic derivation of the equations of motion for the density and the velocity fields leads naturally to the key equation of the `adhesion approximation' - however, under a set of strongly simplifying assumptions. In this work, we provide an evaluation of the current status of adhesive gravitational clustering and a clear explanation of the assumptions involved. Furthermore, we propose systematic generalizations with the aim to relax some of the simplifying assumptions. We start from the general Newtonian evolution equations for self-gravitating particles on an expanding Friedmann background and recover the popular `dust model' (pressureless fluid), which breaks down after the formation of density singularities; then we investigate, in a unified framework, two other models which, under the restrictions referred to above, lead to the `adhesion approximation'. We apply the Eulerian and Lagrangian perturbative expansions to these new models and, finally, we discuss some non-perturbative results that may serve as starting points for workable approximations of non-linear structure formation in the multi-stream regime. In particular, we propose a new approximation that includes, in limiting cases, the standard `adhesion model' and the Eulerian as well as Lagrangian first-order approximations.

Thomas Buchert; Alvaro Dominguez

2005-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

189

Dust cluster explosion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model for the dust cluster explosion where micron/sub-micron sized particles are accelerated at the expense of plasma thermal energy, in the afterglow phase of a complex plasma discharge is proposed. The model is tested by molecular dynamics simulations of dust particles in a confining potential. The nature of the explosion (caused by switching off the discharge) and the concomitant dust acceleration is found to depend critically on the pressure of the background neutral gas. At low gas pressure, the explosion is due to unshielded Coulomb repulsion between dust particles and yields maximum acceleration, while in the high pressure regime it is due to shielded Yukawa repulsion and yields much feebler acceleration. These results are in agreement with experimental findings. Our simulations also confirm a recently proposed electrostatic (ES) isothermal scaling relation, P{sub E}{proportional_to}V{sub d}{sup -2} (where P{sub E} is the ES pressure of the dust particles and V{sub d} is the confining volume).

Saxena, Vikrant [School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar (India); Avinash, K. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, New Delhi (India); Sen, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar (India)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Cluster Dynamics of Planetary Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamics of nonlinear atmospheric planetary waves is determined by a small number of independent wave clusters consisting of a few connected resonant triads. We classified the different types of connections between neighboring triads that determine the general dynamics of a cluster. Each connection type corresponds to substantially different scenarios of energy flux among the modes. The general approach can be applied directly to various mesoscopic systems with 3-mode interactions, encountered in hydrodynamics, astronomy, plasma physics, chemistry, medicine, etc.

Elena Kartashova; Victor S. L'vov

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

191

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA OUTLOOK MORGANTOWN COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS Bureau to be repeated over the next five years. The Morgantown Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) had an average annual

Mohaghegh, Shahab

192

Wetland Preservation Areas (Minnesota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A wetland owner can apply to the host county for designation of a wetland preservation area. Once designated, the area remains designated until the owner initiates expiration, except where a state...

193

Wildlife Management Areas (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Wildlife Management Areas exist in the State of Maryland as wildlife sanctuaries, and vehicles, tree removal, and construction are severely restricted in these areas. Some of these species are also...

194

Incremental Cluster-Based Retrieval using Compressed Cluster-Skipping Inverted Files  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incremental Cluster-Based Retrieval using Compressed Cluster-Skipping Inverted Files ISMAIL SENGOR ________________________________________________________________________ We propose a unique cluster-based retrieval (CBR) strategy using a new cluster-skipping inverted file for improving query processing efficiency. The new inverted file incorporates cluster membership and centroid

Can, Fazli

195

Incremental Cluster-Based Retrieval Using Compressed Cluster-Skipping Inverted Files  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 Incremental Cluster-Based Retrieval Using Compressed Cluster-Skipping Inverted Files ISMAIL cluster-based retrieval (CBR) strategy using a new cluster-skipping inverted file for improving query processing efficiency. The new inverted file incorporates cluster member- ship and centroid information along

Ulusoy, ?zgür

196

THE CLUSTERED NATURE OF STAR FORMATION. PRE-MAIN-SEQUENCE CLUSTERS IN THE STAR-FORMING REGION NGC 602/N90 IN THE SMALL MAGELLANIC CLOUD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Located at the tip of the wing of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), the star-forming region NGC 602/N90 is characterized by the H II nebular ring N90 and the young cluster of pre-main-sequence (PMS) and early-type main-sequence stars NGC 602, located in the central area of the ring. We present a thorough cluster analysis of the stellar sample identified with Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys in the region. We show that apart from the central cluster low-mass PMS stars are congregated in 13 additional small, compact sub-clusters at the periphery of NGC 602, identified in terms of their higher stellar density with respect to the average background density derived from star counts. We find that the spatial distribution of the PMS stars is bimodal, with an unusually large fraction ({approx}60%) of the total population being clustered, while the remaining is diffusely distributed in the intercluster area, covering the whole central part of the region. From the corresponding color-magnitude diagrams we disentangle an age difference of {approx}2.5 Myr between NGC 602 and the compact sub-clusters, which appear younger, on the basis of comparison of the brighter PMS stars with evolutionary models, which we accurately calculated for the metal abundance of the SMC. The diffuse PMS population appears to host stars as old as those in NGC 602. Almost all detected PMS sub-clusters appear to be centrally concentrated. When the complete PMS stellar sample, including both clustered and diffused stars, is considered in our cluster analysis, it appears as a single centrally concentrated stellar agglomeration, covering the whole central area of the region. Considering also the hot massive stars of the system, we find evidence that this agglomeration is hierarchically structured. Based on our findings, we propose a scenario according to which the region NGC 602/N90 experiences an active clustered star formation for the last {approx}5 Myr. The central cluster NGC 602 was formed first and rapidly started dissolving into its immediate ambient environment, possibly ejecting also massive stars found away from its center. Star formation continued in sub-clusters of a larger stellar agglomeration, introducing an age spread of the order of 2.5 Myr among the PMS populations.

Gouliermis, Dimitrios A.; Gennaro, Mario [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Schmeja, Stefan [Zentrum fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Heidelberg, Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Albert-Ueberle-Str. 2, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Dolphin, Andrew E. [Raytheon Company, P.O. Box 11337, Tucson, AZ 85734 (United States); Tognelli, Emanuele; Prada Moroni, Pier Giorgio [Dipartimento di Fisica 'Enrico Fermi', Universita di Pisa, largo Pontecorvo 3, Pisa I-56127 (Italy)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

197

Cosmography with cluster strong lensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By stacking an ensemble of strong lensing clusters, we demonstrate the feasibility of placing constraints on the dark energy equation of state. This is achieved by using multiple images of sources at two or more distinct redshift planes. The sample of smooth clusters in our simulations is based on observations of massive clusters and the distribution of background galaxies is constructed using the Hubble Deep Field. Our source distribution reproduces the observed redshift distribution of multiply imaged sources in Abell 1689. The cosmology recovery depends on the number of image families with known spectroscopic redshifts and the number of stacked clusters. Our simulations suggest that constraints comparable to those derived from other competing established techniques on a constant dark energy equation of state can be obtained using 10 to 40 clusters with 5 or more families of multiple images. We have also studied the observational errors in the image redshifts and positions. We find that spectroscopic redshifts and high resolution {\\it Hubble Space Telescope} images are required to eliminate confidence contour relaxation relative to the ideal case in our simulations. This suggests that the dark energy equation of state, and other cosmological parameters, can be constrained with existing {\\it Hubble Space Telescope} images of lensing clusters coupled with dedicated ground-based arc spectroscopy.

James Gilmore; Priyamvada Natarajan

2009-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

198

Describing Leaf Area Distribution in Loblolly Pine Trees with Johnson's SB Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of leaf area of a wide variety of loblolly pine trees. FOR. SCI. 51(2):93­101. Key Words: ProbabilityDescribing Leaf Area Distribution in Loblolly Pine Trees with Johnson's SB Function Mauricio Jerez fractions of leaf area calculated with fitted SB functions matched measured values well; cumulative values

Cao, Quang V.

199

Protected Areas Stacy Philpott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Convention of Biological Diversity, 1992 #12;IUCN Protected Area Management Categories Ia. Strict Nature. Protected Landscape/ Seascape VI. Managed Resource Protected Area #12;Ia. Strict Nature Preserves and Ib. Wilderness Areas Natural preservation Research No No #12;II. National Parks Ecosystem protection

Gottgens, Hans

200

Search for cosmic-ray induced $\\gamma$-ray emission in Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current theories predict relativistic hadronic particle populations in clusters of galaxies in addition to the already observed relativistic leptons. In these scenarios hadronic interactions give rise to neutral pions which decay into $\\gamma$ rays, that are potentially observable with the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi space telescope. We present a joint likelihood analysis searching for spatially extended $\\gamma$-ray emission at the locations of 50 galaxy clusters in 4 years of Fermi-LAT data under the assumption of the universal cosmic-ray model proposed by Pinzke & Pfrommer (2010). We find an excess at a significance of $2.7\\,\\sigma$, which upon closer inspection is however correlated to individual excess emission towards three galaxy clusters: Abell 400, Abell 1367 and Abell 3112. We discuss these cases in detail and conservatively attribute the emission to unmodeled background (for example, radio galaxies within the clusters). Through the combined analysis of 50 clusters we exclude h...

:,; Ajello, M; Albert, A; Allafort, A; Atwood, W B; Baldini, L; Ballet, J; Barbiellini, G; Bastieri, D; Bechtol, K; Bellazzini, R; Bloom, E D; Bonamente, E; Bottacini, E; Brandt, T J; Bregeon, J; Brigida, M; Bruel, P; Buehler, R; Buson, S; Caliandro, G A; Cameron, R A; Caraveo, P A; Cavazzuti, E; Chaves, R C G; Chiang, J; Chiaro, G; Ciprini, S; Claus, R; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Conrad, J; D'Ammando, F; de Angelis, A; de Palma, F; Dermer, C D; Digel, S W; Drell, P S; Drlica-Wagner, A; Favuzzi, C; Franckowiak, A; Funk, S; Fusco, P; Gargano, F; Gasparrini, D; Germani, S; Giglietto, N; Giordano, F; Giroletti, M; Godfrey, G; Gomez-Vargas, G A; Grenier, I A; Guiriec, S; Gustafsson, M; Hadasch, D; Hayashida, M; Hewitt, J; Hughes, R E; Jeltema, T E; Jhannesson, G; Johnson, A S; Kamae, T; Kataoka, J; Kndlseder, J; Kuss, M; Lande, J; Larsson, S; Latronico, L; Garde, M Llena; Longo, F; Loparco, F; Lovellette, M N; Lubrano, P; Mayer, M; Mazziotta, M N; McEnery, J E; Michelson, P F; Mitthumsiri, W; Mizuno, T; Monzani, M E; Morselli, A; Moskalenko, I V; Murgia, S; Nemmen, R; Nuss, E; Ohsugi, T; Orienti, M; Orlando, E; Ormes, J F; Perkins, J S; Pesce-Rollins, M; Piron, F; Pivato, G; Rain, S; Rando, R; Razzano, M; Razzaque, S; Reimer, A; Reimer, O; Ruan, J; Snchez-Conde, M; Schulz, A; Sgr, C; Siskind, E J; Spandre, G; Spinelli, P; Storm, E; Strong, A W; Suson, D J; Takahashi, H; Thayer, J G; Thayer, J B; Thompson, D J; Tibaldo, L; Tinivella, M; Torres, D F; Troja, E; Uchiyama, Y; Usher, T L; Vandenbroucke, J; Vianello, G; Vitale, V; Winer, B L; Wood, K S; Zimmer, S; Pfrommer, C; Pinzke, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Largest Cluster in Subcritical Percolation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The statistical behavior of the size (or mass) of the largest cluster in subcritical percolation on a finite lattice of size $N$ is investigated (below the upper critical dimension, presumably $d_c=6$). It is argued that as $N \\to \\infty$ the cumulative distribution function converges to the Fisher-Tippett (or Gumbel) distribution $e^{-e^{-z}}$ in a certain weak sense (when suitably normalized). The mean grows like $s_\\xi^* \\log N$, where $s_\\xi^*(p)$ is a ``crossover size''. The standard deviation is bounded near $s_\\xi^* \\pi/\\sqrt{6}$ with persistent fluctuations due to discreteness. These predictions are verified by Monte Carlo simulations on $d=2$ square lattices of up to 30 million sites, which also reveal finite-size scaling. The results are explained in terms of a flow in the space of probability distributions as $N \\to \\infty$. The subcritical segment of the physical manifold ($0 < p < p_c$) approaches a line of limit cycles where the flow is approximately described by a ``renormalization group'' from the classical theory of extreme order statistics.

Martin Z. Bazant

2000-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

202

Thermodynamic Limits, Non-commutative Probability, and Quantum Entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a rigourous model of quantum measurement. A two-state model of a negative temperature amplifier, such as a laser, is taken to a classical thermodynamic limit. In the limit, it becomes a classical measurement apparatus obeying the stochastic axioms of quantum mechanics. Thus we derive the probabilities from a deterministic Schroedinger's equation by procedures analogous to those of classical statistical mechanics. This requires making precise the notion of `macroscopic.'

Joseph F. Johnson

2005-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

203

Integrable probability: From representation theory to Macdonald processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These are lecture notes for a mini-course given at the Cornell Probability Summer School in July 2013. Topics include lozenge tilings of polygons and their representation theoretic interpretation, the (q,t)-deformation of those leading to the Macdonald processes, nearest neighbor dynamics on Macdonald processes, their limit to semi-discrete Brownian polymers, and large time asymptotic analysis of polymer's partition function.

Alexei Borodin; Leonid Petrov

2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

204

Linear Algebra and Probability For Computer Science Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, last para before section 9.3.1, 2nd and 3rd line: ". . . a 0.25 probability of a net utility of 4. p. 89, line before Theorem 4.23: c should be v. 6. p. 150 line -4. The inequalities should be -x + y. 7. p. 141 line -12 (including the formulas): "then s is only the line from p to q only

Davis, Ernest

205

Non-commutative probability I: Operator algebras background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be a compact set, then A = C(, C) is a C-algebra with complex conjugation f = ¯f and supremum norm f = f . Note-algebra is a concrete C-algebra". 3 #12;To do probability, want an analog of the L(). A von Neumann algebra general- izations of Mn then B(H). 8 #12;Random variables, real values hermitian (self

Anshelevich, Michael

206

Biomolecular committor probability calculation enabled by processing in network storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-processing frameworks such as SETI@home [2] and Folding@home [3] have been successfully mapped to wide-area resources

Izaguirre, Jesús A.

207

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES FOR CHROMIUM IN THE 100 AREAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

{sm_bullet} Primary Objective: Protect the Columbia River - Focus is control and treatment of contamination at or near the shoreline, which is influenced by bank storage {sm_bullet} Secondary Objective: Reduce hexavalent chromium to <48 parts per billion (ppb) in aquifer (drinking water standard) - Large plumes with isolated areas of high chromium concentrations (> 40,000 ppb), - Unknown source location(s); probably originating in reactor operation areas

PETERSEN SW

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

208

A Serendipitous Deep Cluster Survey from ROSAT--PSPC pointed observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a deep X-ray selected sample of galaxy clusters which has been created from a serendipitous search in ROSAT-PSPC deep pointed observations at high galactic latitude. This survey, hereafter known as the ROSAT Deep Cluster Survey (RDCS), is being carried out utilizing a wavelet-based detection algorithm which, unlike other detection methods, is not biased against extended, low surface brightness sources. It is a flux-diameter limited sample that extends the X-ray flux limit of previous cluster surveys by more than one order of magnitude ($F_X \\ge 1\\cdot 10^{-14}\\rm erg\\, cm^{-2}s^{-1}$). The first results of the on-going optical follow-up program indicate a high success rate of identification. At the present, 38 clusters out of 80 candidates have been identified on a 26 deg$^2$ surveyed area. Recently measured redshifts confirm the nature of these systems as low-moderate redshift groups ($z\\simeq 0.2-0.3$) and intermediate to high redshift clusters ($z\\simeq 0.4-0.7$). We show X-ray and optical images of several clusters identified to date, discuss the X-ray properties of the sample and present preliminary results on the redshift distribution. The final sample will include $\\sim 100$ clusters covering and area of $\\sim 40$ deg$^2$.

P. Rosati

1995-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

209

Evaluations of Structural Failure Probabilities and Candidate Inservice Inspection Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work described in this report applies probabilistic structural mechanics models to predict the reliability of nuclear pressure boundary components. These same models are then applied to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative programs for inservice inspection to reduce these failure probabilities. Results of the calculations support the development and implementation of risk-informed inservice inspection of piping and vessels. Studies have specifically addressed the potential benefits of ultrasonic inspections to reduce failure probabilities associated with fatigue crack growth and stress-corrosion cracking. Parametric calculations were performed with the computer code pc-PRAISE to generate an extensive set of plots to cover a wide range of pipe wall thicknesses, cyclic operating stresses, and inspection strategies. The studies have also addressed critical inputs to fracture mechanics calculations such as the parameters that characterize the number and sizes of fabrication flaws in piping welds. Other calculations quantify uncertainties associated with the inputs calculations, the uncertainties in the fracture mechanics models, and the uncertainties in the resulting calculated failure probabilities. A final set of calculations address the effects of flaw sizing errors on the effectiveness of inservice inspection programs.

Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Simonen, Fredric A.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

What is the probability that radiation caused a particular cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Courts, lawyers, health physicists, physicians, and others are searching for a credible answer to the question posed in the title of this paper. The cases in which the question arises frequently stem from an individual that has cancer and they, or their next-of-kin, are convinced that a past radiation exposure - usually small - is responsible for causing it. An arithmetic expression of this problem is simple: the probability of causation by the radiation dose in question is equal to the risk of cancer from the radiation dose divided by the risk of cancer from all causes. The application of risk factors to this equation is not so simple. It must involve careful evaluation of the reliability of and variations in risk coefficients for development of cancer due to radiation exposure, other carcinogenic agents, and natural causes for the particular individual. Examination of our knowledge of these various factors indicates that a large range in the answers can result due to the variability and imprecision of the data. Nevertheless, the attempts to calculate and the probability that radiation caused the cancer is extremely useful to provide a gross perspective on the probability of causation. It will likely rule in or out a significant number of cases despite the limitations in our understandings of the etiology of cancer and the risks from various factors. For the remaining cases, a thoughtful and educated judgment based on selected data and circumstances of the case will also be needed before the expert can develop and support his opinion.

Voelz, G.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

The host galaxy cluster of the short gamma-ray burst GRB 050509B  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first arcsecond localization of a short gamma-ray burst, GRB 050509B, has enabled detailed studies of a short burst environment. We here report on studies of the environment of GRB 050509B using the Swift X-ray Telescope (XRT). The XRT error circle of the burst overlaps with an elliptical galaxy in the cluster of galaxies ZwCl 1234.0+02916. Based on the measured X-ray flux of the cluster we estimate that the probability for a chance superposition of GRB 050509B and a cluster at least as X-ray bright as this cluster is $< 2\\times 10^{-3}$, presenting the first strong case of a short burst located in a cluster of galaxies. We also consider the case for GRB 050509B being located behind ZwCl 1234.0+02916 and gravitationally lensed. From the velocity dispersion of the elliptical galaxy and the temperature of hot intracluster gas, we model the mass distribution in the elliptical galaxy and the cluster, and calculate the gravitational lensing magnification within the XRT error circle. We find that, if GRB0505...

Pedersen, K; Hjorth, J; Starling, R; Castro-Cern, J M; Fynbo, J P U; Gorosabel, J; Jakobsson, P; Sollerman, J; Watson, D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

DETECTION OF SOLAR-LIKE OSCILLATIONS FROM KEPLER PHOTOMETRY OF THE OPEN CLUSTER NGC 6819  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Asteroseismology of stars in clusters has been a long-sought goal because the assumption of a common age, distance, and initial chemical composition allows strong tests of the theory of stellar evolution. We report results from the first 34 days of science data from the Kepler Mission for the open cluster NGC 6819-one of the four clusters in the field of view. We obtain the first clear detections of solar-like oscillations in the cluster red giants and are able to measure the large frequency separation, {delta}{nu}, and the frequency of maximum oscillation power, {nu}{sub max}. We find that the asteroseismic parameters allow us to test cluster membership of the stars, and even with the limited seismic data in hand, we can already identify four possible non-members despite their having a better than 80% membership probability from radial velocity measurements. We are also able to determine the oscillation amplitudes for stars that span about 2 orders of magnitude in luminosity and find good agreement with the prediction that oscillation amplitudes scale as the luminosity to the power of 0.7. These early results demonstrate the unique potential of asteroseismology of the stellar clusters observed by Kepler.

Stello, Dennis; Bedding, Timothy R.; Huber, Daniel [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Basu, Sarbani [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Bruntt, Hans; Mosser, BenoIt; Barban, Caroline; Goupil, Marie-Jo [LESIA, CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Universite Denis Diderot, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon (France); Stevens, Ian R.; Chaplin, William J.; Elsworth, Yvonne P.; Hekker, Saskia [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Brown, Timothy M. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Christensen-Dalsgaard, Joergen; Kjeldsen, Hans; Arentoft, Torben [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Gilliland, Ronald L. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Ballot, Jerome [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Toulouse-Tarbes, Universite de Toulouse, CNRS, 14 av E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse (France); GarcIa, Rafael A. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS, Universite Paris 7 Diderot, IRFU/SAp, Centre de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Mathur, Savita [Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Koramangala, Bangalore 560 034 (India)] (and others)

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

213

The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey: A targeted study of catalogued clusters of galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have carried out a study of known clusters within the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS) observed areas and have identified 431 Abell, 173 APM and 343 EDCC clusters. Precise redshifts, velocity dispersions and new centroids have been measured for the majority of these objects, and this information has been used to study the completeness of these catalogues, the level of contamination from foreground and background structures along the cluster's line of sight, the space density of the clusters as a function of redshift, and their velocity dispersion distributions. We find that the Abell and EDCC catalogues are contaminated at the level of about 10%, whereas the APM catalogue suffers only 5% contamination. If we use the original catalog centroids, the level of contamination rises to approximately 15% for the Abell and EDCC catalogues, showing that the presence of foreground and background groups may alter the richness of clusters in these catalogues. There is a deficiency of clusters at $z \\sim 0.05$ that may correspond to a large underdensity in the Southern hemisphere. From the cumulative distribution of velocity dispersions for these clusters, we derive an upper limit to the space density of $\\sigma > 1000 \\kms$ clusters of $3.6 \\times 10^{-6} \\hdens$. This result is used to constrain models for structure formation; our data favour low-density cosmologies, subject to the usual assumptions concerning the shape and normalization of the power spectrum.

Roberto De Propris; Warrick Couch; Matthew Colless; Gavin Dalton; Chris Collins; Carlton Baugh; Joss-Bland-Hawthorn; Terry Bridges; Russell Cannon; Shaun Cole; Nicholas Cross; Kathryn Deeley; Simon Driver; George Efstathiou; Richard Ellis; Carlos Frenk; Kark Glazebrook; Carole Jackson; ofer Lahav; Ian Lewis; Stuart Lumsden; Steve Maddox; Darren Madgwick; Stephen Moody; Peder Norberg; John Peacock; Will Percival; Bruce Peterson; Will Sutherland; Keith Taylor

2002-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

214

THE BURST CLUSTER: DARK MATTER IN A CLUSTER MERGER ASSOCIATED WITH THE SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURST, GRB 050509B  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have identified a merging galaxy cluster with evidence of two distinct subclusters. The X-ray and optical data suggest that the subclusters are presently moving away from each other after closest approach. This cluster merger was discovered from observations of the first well-localized short-duration gamma-ray burst (GRB), GRB 050509B. The Swift/Burst Alert Telescope error position of the source is coincident with a cluster of galaxies ZwCl 1234.0+02916, while the subsequent Swift/X-Ray Telescope localization of the X-ray afterglow found the GRB coincident with 2MASX J12361286+2858580, a giant red elliptical galaxy in the cluster. Deep multi-epoch optical images were obtained in this field to constrain the evolution of the GRB afterglow, including a total of 27,480 s exposure in the F814W band with Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys, among the deepest imaging ever obtained toward a known galaxy cluster in a single passband. We perform a weak gravitational lensing analysis based on these data, including mapping of the total mass distribution of the merger system with high spatial resolution. When combined with Chandra X-ray Observatory Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer and Swift/XRT observations, we are able to investigate the dynamical state of the merger to better understand the nature of the dark matter component. Our weak gravitational lensing measurements reveal a separation of the X-ray centroid of the western subcluster from the center of the mass and galaxy light distributions, which is somewhat similar to that of the famous 'Bullet cluster', and we conclude that this 'Burst cluster' adds another candidate to the previously known merger systems for determining the nature of dark matter, as well as for studying the environment of a short GRB. Finally, we discuss potential connections between the cluster dynamical state and/or matter composition, and compact object mergers, which is currently the leading model for the origin of short GRBs. We also present our results from a weak-lensing survey based on archival Very Large Telescope images in the areas of five other short GRBs, which do not provide any firm detections of mass concentrations representative of rich clusters.

Dahle, H. [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029, Blindern, NO-0315 Oslo (Norway); Sarazin, C. L. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Lopez, L. A. [MIT-Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, 37-664H, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Kouveliotou, C. [Space Science Office, ZP12, NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Patel, S. K. [Optical Sciences Corporation, 6767 Old Madison Pike, Suite 650, Huntsville, AL 35806 (United States); Rol, E.; Van der Horst, A. J.; Wijers, R. A. M. J. [Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek', University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 403, 1098 SJ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Fynbo, J.; Michalowski, M. J. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Burrows, D. N.; Grupe, D. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Gehrels, N. [NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Ramirez-Ruiz, E., E-mail: hdahle@astro.uio.no [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (United States)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

215

AREA 5 RWMS CLOSURE  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

TRU material in the trench because there is no groundwater pathway under foreseeable climate conditions. The Area 5 RWMS probabilistic PA model can be modified and used to...

216

Groundwater Management Areas (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This legislation authorizes the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality and the Texas Water Development Board to establish Groundwater Management Areas to provide for the conservation,...

217

Confirming EIS Clusters. Optical and Infrared Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clusters of galaxies are important targets in observationally cosmology, as they can be used both to study the evolution of the galaxies themselves and to constrain cosmological parameters. Here we report on the first results of a major effort to build up a sample of distant galaxy clusters to form the basis for further studies within those fields. We search for simultaneous overdensities in color and space to obtain supporting evidence for the reality of the clusters. We find a confirmation rate for EIS clusters of 66%, suggesting that a total of about 80 clusters with z>=0.6 are within reach using the EIS cluster candidates.

L. F. Olsen; H. E. Jorgensen; M. Scodeggio; L. da Costa; R. Rengelink; M. Nonino; A. Biviano; M. Ramella; W. Boschin

1999-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

218

Are Cluster Magnetic Fields Primordial ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of a detailed and fully non-linear numerical and analytical investigation of magnetic field evolution from the very earliest cosmic epochs to the present. We find that, under reasonable assumptions concerning the efficiency of a putative magnetogenesis era during cosmic phase transitions, surprisingly strong magnetic fields 10^{-13} - 10^{-11} Gauss, on comparatively small scales 100 pc - 10 kpc may survive to the present. Building on prior work on the evolution of magnetic fields during the course of gravitational collapse of a cluster, which indicates that pre-collapse fields of 4\\times 10^{-12} Gauss extant on small scales may suffice to produce clusters with acceptable Faraday rotation measures, we question the widely hold view that cluster magnetic fields may not be entirely of primordial origin.

Robi Banerjee; Karsten Jedamzik

2004-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Problem Set 2 to 1 on". What is the engineer's probability for this event? Odds of "7 to 1 on": r = 7 probability 7 1 Solutions [Introduction to Probability; odds, Venn diagrams, decision trees] 1. Draw a decision tree

George, Glyn

220

Management of Data Replication for PC Cluster-based Cloud Storage System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Storage systems are essential building blocks for cloud computing infrastructures. Although high performance storage servers are the ultimate solution for cloud storage, the implementation of inexpensive storage system remains an open issue. To address this problem, the efficient cloud storage system is implemented with inexpensive and commodity computer nodes that are organized into PC cluster based datacenter. Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) is an open source cloud based storage platform and designed to be deployed in low-cost hardware. PC Cluster based Cloud Storage System is implemented with HDFS by enhancing replication management scheme. Data objects are distributed and replicated in a cluster of commodity nodes located in the cloud. This system provides optimum replica number as well as weighting and balancing among the storage server nodes. The experimental results show that storage can be balanced depending on the available disk space, expected availability and failure probability of each node ...

Myint, Julia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Hysteretic clustering in granular gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Granular material is vibro-fluidized in N=2 and N=3 connected compartments, respectively. For sufficiently strong shaking the granular gas is equi-partitioned, but if the shaking intensity is lowered, the gas clusters in one compartment. The phase transition towards the clustered state is of 2nd order for N=2 and of 1st order for N=3. In particular, the latter is hysteretic. The experimental findings are accounted for within a dynamical model that exactly has the above properties.

Ko van der Weele; Devaraj van der Meer; Michel Versluis; Detlef Lohse

2001-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

222

The Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey XVI: a cluster inventory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Herschel FIR observations are used to construct Virgo cluster galaxy luminosity functions and to show that the cluster lacks the very bright and the numerous faint sources detected in field galaxy surveys. The far-infrared SEDs are fitted to obtain dust masses and temperatures and the dust mass function. The cluster is over dense in dust by about a factor of 100 compared to the field. The same emissivity (beta) temperature relation applies for different galaxies as that found for different regions of M31. We use optical and HI data to show that Virgo is over dense in stars and atomic gas by about a factor of 100 and 20 respectively. Metallicity values are used to measure the mass of metals in the gas phase. The mean metallicity is about 0.7 solar and 50% of the metals are in the dust. For the cluster as a whole the mass density of stars in galaxies is 8 times that of the gas and the gas mass density is 130 times that of the metals. We use our data to consider the chemical evolution of the individual galaxies,...

Davies, J I; Baes, M; Bendo, G J; Clemens, M; De Looze, I; Alighieri, S di Serego; Fritz, J; Fuller, C; Pappalardo, C; Hughes, T M; Madden, S; Smith, M W L; Verstappen, J; Vlahakis, C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Reduced Probabilities of E2-Transitions in {sup 174}Yb  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the ground (gr) and exited states of even-even deformed nuclei with a phenomenological model, which takes into account the mixing of gr states, 0{sub n}{sup +}({beta}{sub n})-, 2{sub n}{sup +}({gamma}{sub n})- and {Kappa}{sup {pi}} 1{sub n}{sup +}- rotational bands. The calculation has been done for the isotope Yb. The energy spectra are found to be consistent with the energies from experimental data. The reduced probabilities of the electric quadrupole E2-transitions from {beta}{sub n} and {gamma}{sub n} band states are calculated and agree quite well with the experimental values.

Okhunov, A. A. [Quantum Science Center Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Institute for Nuclear Physics, Academy Science of Uzbekistan, 100214 Tashkent (Uzbekistan); Kassim, Hasan Abu [Quantum Science Center Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

224

Approximating Probability Density Functions with Mixtures of Truncated Exponentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Thus, the parameters to be estimated are a 0k , a 1k , a 2k ,a 3k , b (j) 1k ,b (j) 2k and b (j) 3k . Define ? ? (k) (x;? mk ) (abbreviated ? ? (k) (x)) as the initial MTE approximation for PDF f X (x) in interval D k .To estimate the parameters ? mk... = {a 0mk ,a 1mk ,a 2mk ,a 3mk ,b (j) 1mk ,b (j) 2mk ,b (j) 3mk } in (1), the discrete approximation to KL divergence between the standard PDF and the MTE approximation is minimized sub- ject to continuity, probability mass and non-negativity constraints...

Cobb, Barry R.; Shenoy, Prakash P.; Rumi, Rafael

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Simplifying Probability Elicitation and Uncertainty Modeling in Bayesian Networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we contribute two methods that simplify the demands of knowledge elicitation for particular types of Bayesian networks. The ?rst method simplify the task of providing probabilities when the states that a random variable takes can be described by a new, fully ordered state set in which a state implies all the preceding states. The second method leverages Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence to provide a way for the expert to express the degree of ignorance that they feel about the estimates being provided.

Paulson, Patrick R.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Sivaraman, Chitra; Neorr, Peter A.; Unwin, Stephen D.; Hossain, Shamina S.

2011-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

226

Probability Tables for Mendelian Ratios with Small Numbers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-called ex- Total ...-...-..-..-....-.--. .9999 pected may lead to error in interpretation rather than serving as a valuable aid as it does with large numbers. Examples with other small numbers could be given, but this should iIIustrate the points... is set off so as to show the point beyond which the total probability in that direction is .0050 or less. Mendelian Ratios Combi- 1 130 121 112 10 3 9 4 8 5 7 6 6 7 5 8 4 9 3 10 2 11 .On95 0028 .O002 .. -- I ---- - 1 12 .0016 .0004...

Warwick, B. L. (Bruce L.)

1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Chemical Enrichment RGS cluster sample (CHEERS): Constraints on turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feedback from AGN, galactic mergers, and sloshing are thought to give rise to turbulence, which may prevent cooling in clusters. We aim to measure the turbulence in clusters of galaxies and compare the measurements to some of their structural and evolutionary properties. It is possible to measure the turbulence of the hot gas in clusters by estimating the velocity widths of their X-ray emission lines. The RGS Spectrometers aboard XMM-Newton are currently the only instruments provided with sufficient effective area and spectral resolution in this energy domain. We benefited from excellent 1.6Ms new data provided by the CHEERS project. The new observations improve the quality of the archival data and allow us to place constraints for some clusters, which were not accessible in previous work. One-half of the sample shows upper limits on turbulence less than 500km/s. For several sources, our data are consistent with relatively strong turbulence with upper limits on the velocity widths that are larger than 1000km/...

Pinto, Ciro; Werner, Norbert; de Plaa, Jelle; Fabian, Andrew C; Zhang, Yu-Ying; Kaastra, Jelle S; Finoguenov, Alexis; Ahoranta, Jussi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

SED, Age and Metallicity of Star Clusters in M33  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present CCD spectrophotometry of the star clusters that were detected by Chandar, Bianchi, & Ford in the nearby spiral galaxy M33, using the images obtained with the Beijing Astronomical Observatory 60/90 cm Schmidt Telescope in 13 intermediate-band filters from 3800 to 10000{\\AA}. The observations cover the whole area of M33 with a total integration of 32.75 hours from September 23, 1995 to August 28, 2000. This provides a multi-color map of M33 in pixels of $1.7'' \\times 1.7''$. By aperture photometry, we obtain the spetral energy distributions (SEDs) of these star clusters. Using theoretical stellar population synthesis models, we also obtain the distributions of age and metallicity of of these star clusters. These clusters formed continuously from $\\sim 3\\times10^6$ -- $10^{10}$ years, and have a large span of metallicity from ${\\rm {Z}=0.0004}$ to ${\\rm {Z}=0.05}$.

Ma, J; Kong, X; Wu, H; Chen, J; Jiang, Z; Zhu, J; Xue, S; Ma, Jun; Zhou, Xu; Kong, Xu; Wu, Hong; Chen, Jiansheng; Jiang, Zhaoji; Zhu, Jin; Xue, Suijian

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Completion Report for Well Cluster ER-6-1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Well Cluster ER-6-1 was constructed for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Division at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This work was initiated as part of the Groundwater Characterization Project, now known as the Underground Test Area Project. The well cluster is located in southeastern Yucca Flat. Detailed lithologic descriptions with stratigraphic assignments for Well Cluster ER-6-1 are included in this report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters and conventional core samples taken below 639 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed petrographic, chemical, and mineralogical studies of rock samples were conducted on 11 samples to resolve complex interrelationships between several of the Tertiary tuff units. Additionally, paleontological analyses by the U.S. Geological Survey confirmed the stratigraphic assignments below 539 meters within the Paleozoic sedimentary section. All three wells in the Well ER-6-1 cluster were drilled within the Quaternary and Tertiary alluvium section, the Tertiary volcanic section, and into the Paleozoic sedimentary section.

Bechtel Nevada

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Perspectives for logistics clusters development in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is a normative work aimed at identifying locations in Russia with high, medium and unclear potentials for logistics cluster development. As a framework this work uses four different models of logistics clusters: ...

Tantsuyev, Andriy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Cooling and Clusters: When Is Heating Needed?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are (at least) two unsolved problems concerning the current state of the thermal gas in clusters of galaxies. The first is identifying the source of the heating which offsets cooling in the centers of clusters with short cooling times (the ``cooling flow'' problem). The second is understanding the mechanism which boosts the entropy in cluster and group gas. Since both of these problems involve an unknown source of heating it is tempting to identify them with the same process, particular since AGN heating is observed to be operating at some level in a sample of well-observed ``cooling flow'' clusters. Here we show, using numerical simulations of cluster formation, that much of the gas ending up in clusters cools at high redshift and so the heating is also needed at high-redshift, well before the cluster forms. This indicates that the same process operating to solve the cooling flow problem may not also resolve the cluster entropy problem.

Greg L. Bryan; G. Mark Voit

2005-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

232

A short course on measure and probability theories.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This brief Introduction to Measure Theory, and its applications to Probabilities, corresponds to the lecture notes of a seminar series given at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, during the spring of 2003. The goal of these seminars was to provide a minimal background to Computational Combustion scientists interested in using more advanced stochastic concepts and methods, e.g., in the context of uncertainty quantification. Indeed, most mechanical engineering curricula do not provide students with formal training in the field of probability, and even in less in measure theory. However, stochastic methods have been used more and more extensively in the past decade, and have provided more successful computational tools. Scientists at the Combustion Research Facility of Sandia National Laboratories have been using computational stochastic methods for years. Addressing more and more complex applications, and facing difficult problems that arose in applications showed the need for a better understanding of theoretical foundations. This is why the seminar series was launched, and these notes summarize most of the concepts which have been discussed. The goal of the seminars was to bring a group of mechanical engineers and computational combustion scientists to a full understanding of N. WIENER'S polynomial chaos theory. Therefore, these lectures notes are built along those lines, and are not intended to be exhaustive. In particular, the author welcomes any comments or criticisms.

Pebay, Philippe Pierre

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Flexi-Cluster: A Simulator for a Single Compute Cluster Flexi-Cluster is a flexible, discrete-event simulation model for a single compute cluster,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-event simulation model for a single compute cluster, such as might be deployed within a compute grid. The model

234

Lecture outline Densitybased clustering (DBScan)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

point if for distance Eps : ­ |NEps(p)={q | dist(p,q) points: Not a core or a border point #12;Core, border and noise points Eps Eps Eps #12;Core, Border and Noise points Original Points Point types: core, border and noise Eps = 10, MinPts = 4 #12;Clusters

Terzi, Evimaria

235

An Improved Cluster Richness Estimator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Minimizing the scatter between cluster mass and accessible observables is an important goal for cluster cosmology. In this work, we introduce a new matched filter richness estimator, and test its performance using the maxBCG cluster catalog. Our new estimator significantly reduces the variance in the L{sub X}-richness relation, from {sigma}{sub lnL{sub X}}{sup 2} = (0.86 {+-} 0.02){sup 2} to {sigma}{sub lnL{sub X}}{sup 2} = (0.69 {+-} 0.02){sup 2}. Relative to the maxBCG richness estimate, it also removes the strong redshift dependence of the richness scaling relations, and is significantly more robust to photometric and redshift errors. These improvements are largely due to our more sophisticated treatment of galaxy color data. We also demonstrate the scatter in the L{sub X}-richness relation depends on the aperture used to estimate cluster richness, and introduce a novel approach for optimizing said aperture which can be easily generalized to other mass tracers.

Rozo, Eduardo; /Ohio State U.; Rykoff, Eli S.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Koester, Benjamin P.; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; McKay, Timothy; /Michigan U.; Hao, Jiangang; /Michigan U.; Evrard, August; /Michigan U.; Wechsler, Risa H.; /SLAC; Hansen, Sarah; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; Sheldon, Erin; /New York U.; Johnston, David; /Houston U.; Becker, Matthew R.; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; Annis, James T.; /Fermilab; Bleem, Lindsey; /Chicago U.; Scranton, Ryan; /Pittsburgh U.

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

236

DESIGN OF CLUSTERED SUPERSCALAR MICROARCHITECTURES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESIGN OF CLUSTERED SUPERSCALAR MICROARCHITECTURES Joan-Manuel Parcerisa Departament d'Arquitectura SUPERSCALAR MICROARCHITECTURES Joan-Manuel Parcerisa Departament d'Arquitectura de Computadors Universitat après tantes coses sobre l'ofici de la recerca, i sobre l'arquitectura de computadors al llarg d

Parcerisa, Joan-Manuel

237

Spectral Clustering of Synchronous Spike Trains 1 Spectral Clustering of Synchronous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectral Clustering of Synchronous Spike Trains 1 Spectral Clustering of Synchronous Spike Trains, University of Florida #12;Spectral Clustering of Synchronous Spike Trains 2 Outline Introduction Distance between two spike trains Clustering algorithm Results António Paiva, Sudhir Rao, Il Park and José Príncipe

Paiva, António R. C.

238

The Mass Profile of the Coma Galaxy Cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a new redshift survey complete to m_R=15.4 within 4.25 deg from the center of the Coma cluster to measure the mass profile of the cluster to r=5.5 Mpc/h. We extend the profile to r=10 Mpc/h with a further sample complete to m_R=15.4 in 42% of the area within a 10 deg radius and to m_{Zw}=15.5 in the remaining area. Galaxies within this region are falling onto the cluster on moderately radial orbits and thus do not satisfy virial equilibrium. Nonetheless, identification of the caustics in redshift space provides an estimate of the gravitational potential at radius r and hence of the system mass, M(<10 Mpc/h)=(1.65+-0.41)10^{15} M_\\odot/h (1-sigma error). Previous mass estimates derived from optical and X-ray observations are limited to r<2.5 Mpc/h. Our mass profile is consistent with these estimates but extends to distances four times as large. Over the entire range, the mass increases with r at the rate expected for a Navarro, Frenk & White (1997) density profile.

M. J. Geller; Antonaldo Diaferio; M. J. Kurtz

1999-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

239

CLUSTER LENSING PROFILES DERIVED FROM A REDSHIFT ENHANCEMENT OF MAGNIFIED BOSS-SURVEY GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the first detection of a redshift-depth enhancement of background galaxies magnified by foreground clusters. Using 300,000 BOSS survey galaxies with accurate spectroscopic redshifts, we measure their mean redshift depth behind four large samples of optically selected clusters from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) surveys, totaling 5000-15,000 clusters. A clear trend of increasing mean redshift toward the cluster centers is found, averaged over each of the four cluster samples. In addition, we find similar but noisier behavior for an independent X-ray sample of 158 clusters lying in the foreground of the current BOSS sky area. By adopting the mass-richness relationships appropriate for each survey, we compare our results with theoretical predictions for each of the four SDSS cluster catalogs. The radial form of this redshift enhancement is well fitted by a richness-to-mass weighted composite Navarro-Frenk-White profile with an effective mass ranging between M{sub 200} {approx} 1.4-1.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} M{sub Sun} for the optically detected cluster samples, and M{sub 200} {approx} 5.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} M{sub Sun} for the X-ray sample. This lensing detection helps to establish the credibility of these SDSS cluster surveys, and provides a normalization for their respective mass-richness relations. In the context of the upcoming bigBOSS, Subaru Prime Focus Spectrograph, and EUCLID-NISP spectroscopic surveys, this method represents an independent means of deriving the masses of cluster samples for examining the cosmological evolution, and provides a relatively clean consistency check of weak-lensing measurements, free from the systematic limitations of shear calibration.

Coupon, Jean; Umetsu, Keiichi [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Broadhurst, Tom, E-mail: coupon@asiaa.sinica.edu.tw [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Basque Country UPV/EHU, P.O. Box 644, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

240

Decontamination & decommissioning focus area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In January 1994, the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE EM) formally introduced its new approach to managing DOE`s environmental research and technology development activities. The goal of the new approach is to conduct research and development in critical areas of interest to DOE, utilizing the best talent in the Department and in the national science community. To facilitate this solutions-oriented approach, the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50, formerly the Office of Technology Development) formed five Focus AReas to stimulate the required basic research, development, and demonstration efforts to seek new, innovative cleanup methods. In February 1995, EM-50 selected the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to lead implementation of one of these Focus Areas: the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) Focus Area.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Geographic Area Month  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuels by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month No. 1 Distillate No. 2 Distillate a No. 4 Fuel b Sales to End Users Sales for...

242

MODEL-FREE MULTI-PROBE LENSING RECONSTRUCTION OF CLUSTER MASS PROFILES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lens magnification by galaxy clusters induces characteristic spatial variations in the number counts of background sources, amplifying their observed fluxes and expanding the area of sky, the net effect of which, known as magnification bias, depends on the intrinsic faint-end slope of the source luminosity function. The bias is strongly negative for red galaxies, dominated by the geometric area distortion, whereas it is mildly positive for blue galaxies, enhancing the blue counts toward the cluster center. We generalize the Bayesian approach of Umetsu et al. for reconstructing projected cluster mass profiles, by incorporating multiple populations of background sources for magnification-bias measurements and combining them with complementary lens-distortion measurements, effectively breaking the mass-sheet degeneracy and improving the statistical precision of cluster mass measurements. The approach can be further extended to include strong-lensing projected mass estimates, thus allowing for non-parametric absolute mass determinations in both the weak and strong regimes. We apply this method to our recent CLASH lensing measurements of MACS J1206.2-0847, and demonstrate how combining multi-probe lensing constraints can improve the reconstruction of cluster mass profiles. This method will also be useful for a stacked lensing analysis, combining all lensing-related effects in the cluster regime, for a definitive determination of the averaged mass profile.

Umetsu, Keiichi [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

243

2011 Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures Gordon Research Conference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small particles have been at the heart of nanoscience since the birth of the field and now stand ready to make significant contributions to the big challenges of energy, health and sustainability. Atomic clusters show exquisite size-dependent electronic and magnetic properties and offer a new level of control in catalyses, sensors and biochips; functionalised nanocrystals offer remarkable optical properties and diverse applications in electronic devices, solar energy, and therapy. Both areas are complemented by a raft of recent advances in fabrication, characterization, and performance of a diversity of nanomaterials from the single atom level to nanowires, nanodevices, and biologically-inspired nanosystems. The goal of the 2011 Gordon Conference is thus to continue and enhance the interdisciplinary tradition of this series and discuss the most recent advances, fundamental scientific questions, and emerging applications of clusters, nanocrystals, and nanostructures. A single conference covering all aspects of nanoscience from fundamental issues to applications has the potential to create new ideas and stimulate cross fertilization. The meeting will therefore provide a balance among the three sub-components of the conference, true to its title, with a selection of new topics added to reflect rapid advances in the field. The open atmosphere of a Gordon conference, emphasizing the presentation of unpublished results and extensive discussions, is an ideal home for this rapidly developing field and will allow all participants to enjoy a valuable and stimulating experience. Historically, this Gordon conference has been oversubscribed, so we encourage all interested researchers from academia, industry, and government institutions to apply as early as possible. We also encourage all attendees to submit their latest results for presentation at the poster sessions. We anticipate that several posters will be selected for 'hot topic' oral presentations. Given the important role students and postdocs play in the future of this field, we also anticipate several talks of this kind from young investigators.

Lai-Sheng Wang

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

244

Dynamics of two-cluster systems in phase space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a phase-space representation of quantum state vectors for two-cluster systems. Density distributions in the Fock--Bargmann space are constructed for bound and resonance states of $^{6,7}$Li and $^{7,8}$Be, provided that all these nuclei are treated within a microscopic two-cluster model. The density distribution in the phase space is compared with those in the coordinate and momentum representations. Bound states realize themselves in a compact area of the phase space, as also do narrow resonance states. We establish the quantitative boundaries of this region in the phase space for the nuclei under consideration. Quantum trajectories are demonstrated to approach their classical limit with increasing energy.

Lashko, Yu A; Vasilevsky, V S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Dynamics of two-cluster systems in phase space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a phase-space representation of quantum state vectors for two-cluster systems. Density distributions in the Fock--Bargmann space are constructed for bound and resonance states of $^{6,7}$Li and $^{7,8}$Be, provided that all these nuclei are treated within a microscopic two-cluster model. The density distribution in the phase space is compared with those in the coordinate and momentum representations. Bound states realize themselves in a compact area of the phase space, as also do narrow resonance states. We establish the quantitative boundaries of this region in the phase space for the nuclei under consideration. Quantum trajectories are demonstrated to approach their classical limit with increasing energy.

Yu. A. Lashko; G. F. Filippov; V. S. Vasilevsky

2015-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

246

300 Area Disturbance Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to define areas of previous disturbance in the 300 Area of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site to eliminate these areas from the cultural resource review process, reduce cultural resource monitoring costs, and allow cultural resource specialists to focus on areas where subsurface disturbance is minimal or nonexistent. Research into available sources suggests that impacts from excavations have been significant wherever the following construction activities have occurred: building basements and pits, waste ponds, burial grounds, trenches, installation of subsurface pipelines, power poles, water hydrants, and well construction. Beyond the areas just mentioned, substrates in the' 300 Area consist of a complex, multidimen- sional mosaic composed of undisturbed stratigraphy, backfill, and disturbed sediments; Four Geographic Information System (GIS) maps were created to display known areas of disturbance in the 300 Area. These maps contain information gleaned from a variety of sources, but the primary sources include the Hanford GIS database system, engineer drawings, and historic maps. In addition to these maps, several assumptions can be made about areas of disturbance in the 300 Area as a result of this study: o o Buried pipelines are not always located where they are mapped. As a result, cultural resource monitors or specialists should not depend on maps depicting subsurface pipelines for accurate locations of previous disturbance. Temporary roads built in the early 1940s were placed on layers of sand and gravel 8 to 12 in. thick. Given this information, it is likely that substrates beneath these early roads are only minimally disturbed. Building foundations ranged from concrete slabs no more than 6 to 8 in. thick to deeply excavated pits and basements. Buildings constructed with slab foundations are more numerous than may be expected, and minimally disturbed substrates may be expected in these locations. Historic black and white photographs provide a partial record of some excavations, including trenches, building basements, and material lay-down yards. Estimates of excavation depth and width can be made, but these estimates are not accurate enough to pinpoint the exact location where the disturbedhmdisturbed interface is located (e.g., camera angles were such that depths and/or widths of excavations could not be accurately determined or estimated). In spite of these limitations, these photographs provide essential information. Aerial and historic low-level photographs have captured what appears to be backfill throughout much of the eastern portion of the 300 Area-near the Columbia River shoreline. This layer of fill has likely afforded some protection for the natural landscape buried beneath the fill. This assumption fits nicely with the intermittent and inadvertent discoveries of hearths and stone tools documented through the years in this part of the 300 Area. Conversely, leveling of sand dunes appears to be substantial in the northwestern portion of the 300 Area during the early stages of development. o Project files and engineer drawings do not contain information on any impromptu but necessary adjustments made on the ground during project implementation-after the design phase. Further, many projects are planned and mapped but never implemented-this information is also not often placed in project files. Specific recommendations for a 300 Area cultural resource monitoring strategy are contained in the final section of this document. In general, it is recommended that monitoring continue for all projects located within 400 m of the Columbia River. The 400-m zone is culturally sensitive and likely retains some of the most intact buried substrates in the 300 Area.

LL Hale; MK Wright; NA Cadoret

1999-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

247

Cluster radioactivities from an island of cluster emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have recently developed a realistic model for studying cluster radioactivities from actinide nuclei. This model uses a cubic potential in the overlapping region connected by a Yukawa-plus-exponential potential in the post-scission region. In the present work we use this model to study {sup 4}He, {sup 12}C, {sup 16}O, and {sup 28}Si radioactivities in the region of nuclides with proton and neutron number in the range {ital Z}=56--64 and {ital N}=58--72, which has been recently identified by Poenaru {ital et} {ital al}. as a new island of such cluster emitters. It is found that charge equilibration is not needed in the study of these radioactivities and the half-lives obtained for these decays lie very close to those reported by Poenaru {ital et} {ital al}. using their analytical super asymmetric fission model.

Shanmugam, G.; Carmel Vigila Bai, G.M. [Department of Physics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli 627 002 (India)] [Department of Physics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli 627 002 (India); Kamalaharan, B. [Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005 (India)] [Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005 (India)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Oxidation of ligand-protected aluminum clusters: An ab initio molecular dynamics study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations of the oxidation of ligand-protected aluminum clusters that form a prototypical cluster-assembled material. These clusters contain a small aluminum core surrounded by a monolayer of organic ligand. The aromatic cyclopentadienyl ligands form a strong bond with surface Al atoms, giving rise to an organometallic cluster that crystallizes into a low-symmetry solid and is briefly stable in air before oxidizing. Our calculations of isolated aluminum/cyclopentadienyl clusters reacting with oxygen show minimal reaction between the ligand and O{sub 2} molecules at simulation temperatures of 500 and 1000 K. In all cases, the reaction pathway involves O{sub 2} diffusing through the ligand barrier, splitting into atomic oxygen upon contact with the aluminum, and forming an oxide cluster with aluminum/ligand bonds still largely intact. Loss of individual aluminum-ligand units, as expected from unimolecular decomposition calculations, is not observed except following significant oxidation. These calculations highlight the role of the ligand in providing a steric barrier against oxidizers and in maintaining the large aluminum surface area of the solid-state cluster material.

Alnemrat, Sufian; Hooper, Joseph P., E-mail: jphooper@nps.edu [Department of Physics, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California 93943 (United States)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

249

Net-proton probability distribution in heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute net-proton probability distributions in heavy ion collisions within the hadron resonance gas model. The model results are compared with data taken by the STAR Collaboration in Au-Au collisions at sqrt(s_{NN})= 200 GeV for different centralities. We show that in peripheral Au-Au collisions the measured distributions, and the resulting first four moments of net-proton fluctuations, are consistent with results obtained from the hadron resonance gas model. However, data taken in central Au-Au collisions differ from the predictions of the model. The observed deviations can not be attributed to uncertainties in model parameters. We discuss possible interpretations of the observed deviations.

P. Braun-Munzinger; B. Friman; F. Karsch; K. Redlich; V. Skokov

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

250

Bayesian failure probability model sensitivity study. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of the Manager, National Communications System (OMNCS) has developed a system-level approach for estimating the effects of High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) on the connectivity of telecommunications networks. This approach incorporates a Bayesian statistical model which estimates the HEMP-induced failure probabilities of telecommunications switches and transmission facilities. The purpose of this analysis is to address the sensitivity of the Bayesian model. This is done by systematically varying two model input parameters--the number of observations, and the equipment failure rates. Throughout the study, a non-informative prior distribution is used. The sensitivity of the Bayesian model to the noninformative prior distribution is investigated from a theoretical mathematical perspective.

Not Available

1986-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

251

Seismic pulse propagation with constant Q and stable probability distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The one-dimensional propagation of seismic waves with constant Q is shown to be governed by an evolution equation of fractional order in time, which interpolates the heat equation and the wave equation. The fundamental solutions for the Cauchy and Signalling problems are expressed in terms of entire functions (of Wright type) in the similarity variable and their behaviours turn out to be intermediate between those for the limiting cases of a perfectly viscous fluid and a perfectly elastic solid. In view of the small dissipation exhibited by the seismic pulses, the nearly elastic limit is considered. Furthermore, the fundamental solutions for the Cauchy and Signalling problems are shown to be related to stable probability distributions with index of stability determined by the order of the fractional time derivative in the evolution equation.

Francesco Mainardi; Massimo Tomirotti

2010-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

252

How to Determine the Probability of the Higgs Boson Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Higgs boson is the most important, though yet undiscovered ingredient of the standard model of particle physics. Its detection is therefore one of the most important goals of high energy physics that can guide future research in theoretical physics. Enormous efforts have been undertaken to prove the existence of the Higgs boson, and the physics community is excitedly awaiting the restart of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. But how sure can we be that the Higgs exits at all? The German philosopher Immanuel Kant recommended betting at such controversial questions, and Stephen Hawking announced a $100 bet against the Higgs. But seriously, online prediction markets, which are a generalized form of betting, do provide the best possible probability estimates for future events. It is proposed that the scientific community uses this platforms for evaluation. See also an online description www.Bet-On-The-Higgs.com.

Alexander Unzicker

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

253

ATCOM: Automatically Tuned Collective Communication System for SMP Clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional implementations of collective communications are based on point-to-point communications, and their optimizations have been focused on efficiency of those communication algorithms. However, point-to-point communications are not the optimal choice for modern computing clusters of SMPs due to their two-level communication structure. In recent years, a few research efforts have investigated efficient collective communications for SMP clusters. This dissertation is focused on platform-independent algorithms and implementations in this area. There are two main approaches to implementing efficient collective communications for clusters of SMPs: using shared memory operations for intra-node communications, and overlapping inter-node/intra-node communications. The former fully utilizes the hardware based shared memory of an SMP, and the latter takes advantage of the inherent hierarchy of the communications within a cluster of SMPs. Previous studies focused on clusters of SMP from certain vendors. However, the previously proposed methods are not portable to other systems. Because the performance optimization issue is very complicated and the developing process is very time consuming, it is highly desired to have self-tuning, platform-independent implementations. As proven in this dissertation, such an implementation can significantly out-perform the other point-to-point based portable implementations and some platform-specific implementations. The dissertation describes in detail the architecture of the platform-independent implementation. There are four system components: shared memory-based collective communications, overlapping mechanisms for inter-node and intra-node communications, a prediction-based tuning module and a micro-benchmark based tuning module. Each component is carefully designed with the goal of automatic tuning in mind.

Meng-Shiou Wu

2005-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

254

Matter-enhanced transition probabilities in quantum field theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relativistic quantum field theory is the unique theory that combines the relativity and quantum theory and is invariant under the Poincar transformation. The ground state, vacuum, is singlet and one particle states are transformed as elements of irreducible representation of the group. The covariant one particles are momentum eigenstates expressed by plane waves and extended in space. Although the S-matrix defined with initial and final states of these states hold the symmetries and are applied to isolated states, out-going states for the amplitude of the event that they are detected at a finite-time interval T in experiments are expressed by microscopic states that they interact with, and are surrounded by matters in detectors and are not plane waves. These matter-induced effects modify the probabilities observed in realistic situations. The transition amplitudes and probabilities of the events are studied with the S-matrix, S[T], that satisfies the boundary condition at T. Using S[T], the finite-size corrections of the form of 1/T are found. The corrections to Fermis golden rule become larger than the original values in some situations for light particles. They break Lorentz invariance even in high energy region of short de Broglie wave lengths. -- Highlights: S-matrix S[T] for the finite-time interval in relativistic field theory. S[T] satisfies the boundary condition and gives correction of 1/T . The large corrections for light particles breaks Lorentz invariance. The corrections have implications to neutrino experiments.

Ishikawa, Kenzo, E-mail: ishikawa@particle.sci.hokudai.ac.jp; Tobita, Yutaka

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Periodic Cluster Mutations and Related Integrable Maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the remarkable properties of cluster algebras is that any cluster, obtained from a sequence of mutations from an initial cluster, can be written as a Laurent polynomial in the initial cluster (known as the "Laurent phenomenon"). There are many nonlinear recurrences which exhibit the Laurent phenomenon and thus unexpectedly generate integer sequences. The mutation of a typical quiver will not generate a recurrence, but rather an erratic sequence of exchange relations. How do we "design" a quiver which gives rise to a given recurrence? A key role is played by the concept of "periodic cluster mutation", introduced in 2009. Each recurrence corresponds to a finite dimensional map. In the context of cluster mutations, these are called "cluster maps". What properties do cluster maps have? Are they integrable in some standard sense? In this review I describe how integrable maps arise in the context of cluster mutations. I first explain the concept of "periodic cluster mutation", giving some classification results. I then give a review of what is meant by an integrable map and apply this to cluster maps. Two classes of integrable maps are related to interesting monodromy problems, which generate interesting Poisson algebras of functions, used to prove complete integrability and a linearisation. A connections to the Hirota-Miwa equation is explained.

Allan P Fordy

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

Clustering Fossils in Solid Inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In solid inflation the single field non-Gaussianity consistency condition is violated. As a result, the long tensor perturbation induces observable clustering fossils in the form of quardupole anisotropy in large scale structure power spectrum. In this work we revisit the bispectrum analysis for the scalar-scalar-scalar and tensor-scalar-scalar for the general parameter space of solid. We consider the parameter space of the model in which the level of non-Gaussianity generated is consistent with Planck constraints. Specializing to this allowed range of model parameter, we calculate the quadrupole anisotropy induced from the long tensor perturbations on the power spectrum of scalar perturbations. We argue that imprints of clustering fossil from primordial gravitational waves on large scale structures can be detected from the future galaxy surveys.

Mohammad Akhshik

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

257

The Globular Cluster Systems in the Coma Ellipticals. IV: WFPC2 Photometry for Five Giant Ellipticals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze photometric data in V and I for the globular cluster (GC) systems in five of the giant ellipticals in the Coma Cluster: NGC 4874, 4881, 4889, 4926, and IC 4051. We find that the GC luminosity functions are quite similar to one another, with a turnover derived from a composite sample of more than 9,000 GCs at V = 27.71 +- 0.07 (M_V = -7.3). Both a simple Gaussian curve and an evolved Schechter function fit the bright half of the GCLF equally well, though the Coma GCLF is broader and has a higher ``cutoff mass'' (M_c ~ 3 x 10^6 M_Sun) than in any of the Virgo giants. These five Coma members exhibit a huge range in GC specific frequency, from a low of S_N = 0.7 for NGC 4881 up to 12 for IC 4051 and NGC 4874. No single formation scenario appears able to account for these differences in otherwise-similar galaxies. The supergiant NGC 4874 has the richest globular cluster system known, probably holding more than 30,000 clusters; its true extent is not yet determined and may extend well out into the Coma potential well. For the three biggest GC systems (NGC 4874, 4889, IC 4051), all three populations are dominated by red, metal-rich clusters. Their metallicity distributions also may all have the normal bimodal form, with the two sequences at the expected mean colors (blue) = 0.98 and (red) = 1.15. However, the color distributions and relative numbers of metal-rich clusters show intriguing counterexamples to a trend established by Peng et al. 2008 (ApJ 681, 197) for the Virgo galaxies. At the very highest-density and most massive regimes represented by the Coma supergiants, formation of metal-rich clusters seems to have been especially favored.

W. E. Harris; J. J. Kavelaars; D. A. Hanes; C. J. Pritchet; W. A. Baum

2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

258

Pair extended coupled cluster doubles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The accurate and efficient description of strongly correlated systems remains an important challenge for computational methods. Doubly occupied configuration interaction (DOCI), in which all electrons are paired and no correlations which break these pairs are permitted, can in many cases provide an accurate account of strong correlations, albeit at combinatorial computational cost. Recently, there has been significant interest in a method we refer to as pair coupled cluster doubles (pCCD), a variant of coupled cluster doubles in which the electrons are paired. This is simply because pCCD provides energies nearly identical to those of DOCI, but at mean-field computational cost (disregarding the cost of the two-electron integral transformation). Here, we introduce the more complete pair extended coupled cluster doubles (pECCD) approach which, like pCCD, has mean-field cost and reproduces DOCI energetically. We show that unlike pCCD, pECCD also reproduces the DOCI wave function with high accuracy. Moreoever, pEC...

Henderson, Thomas M; Scuseria, Gustavo E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Estimating Rear-End Accident Probabilities at Signalized Intersections: An Occurrence-Mechanism Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating Rear-End Accident Probabilities at Signalized Intersections: An Occurrence intersections, rear-end accidents are frequently the predominant accident type. These accidents result from to this deceleration. This paper mathematically represents this process, by expressing accident probability

Wang, Yinhai

260

OLED area illumination source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to an area illumination light source comprising a plurality of individual OLED panels. The individual OLED panels are configured in a physically modular fashion. Each OLED panel comprising a plurality of OLED devices. Each OLED panel comprises a first electrode and a second electrode such that the power being supplied to each individual OLED panel may be varied independently. A power supply unit capable of delivering varying levels of voltage simultaneously to the first and second electrodes of each of the individual OLED panels is also provided. The area illumination light source also comprises a mount within which the OLED panels are arrayed.

Foust, Donald Franklin (Scotia, NY); Duggal, Anil Raj (Niskayuna, NY); Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY); Nealon, William Francis (Gloversville, NY); Bortscheller, Jacob Charles (Clifton Park, NY)

2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Systematics of delayed neutron emission probabilities in medium mass nuclides (fission products)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The systematic behavior of emission probabilities was found to be determined by the nuclear pairing and the mass region of the precursor. The derivation of the systematics is based on a simplification of the general formula of the emission probability. The comparison made with the available experimental data leads to a semi- empirical formula for delayed neutron probabilities. This formula was used for the prediction of unknown values of emission probabilities for unidentified precursors.

Nir-El, Y

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Common Use Areas All floored areas in the building for circulation and standard facilities provided and the like. These are extracts of NWPC standard method of measurement of building areas with an addition fromSection S ANNEXURE 4 MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS MEASUREMENT OF BUILDING AREAS 1. GROSS BUILDING

Wang, Yan

263

The probability of containment failure by direct containment heating in Zion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the first step in the resolution of the Direct Containment Heating (DCH) issue for the Zion Nuclear Power Plant using the Risk Oriented Accident Analysis Methodology (ROAAM). This report includes the definition of a probabilistic framework that decomposes the DCH problem into three probability density functions that reflect the most uncertain initial conditions (UO{sub 2} mass, zirconium oxidation fraction, and steel mass). Uncertainties in the initial conditions are significant, but our quantification approach is based on establishing reasonable bounds that are not unnecessarily conservative. To this end, we also make use of the ROAAM ideas of enveloping scenarios and ``splintering.`` Two causal relations (CRs) are used in this framework: CR1 is a model that calculates the peak pressure in the containment as a function of the initial conditions, and CR2 is a model that returns the frequency of containment failure as a function of pressure within the containment. Uncertainty in CR1 is accounted for by the use of two independently developed phenomenological models, the Convection Limited Containment Heating (CLCH) model and the Two-Cell Equilibrium (TCE) model, and by probabilistically distributing the key parameter in both, which is the ratio of the melt entrainment time to the system blowdown time constant. The two phenomenological models have been compared with an extensive database including recent integral simulations at two different physical scales. The containment load distributions do not intersect the containment strength (fragility) curve in any significant way, resulting in containment failure probabilities less than 10{sup {minus}3} for all scenarios considered. Sensitivity analyses did not show any areas of large sensitivity.

Pilch, M.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Yan, H.; Theofanous, T.G. [California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Ultra-LowEnergy Computingwith Noise: Energy-Performance-Probability Trade-offs*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultra-LowEnergy Computingwith Noise: Energy-Performance-Probability Trade-offs* Pinar Korkrnaz with a probability p. Thispaper investigates the trade-o$s between the energy, pet$ormance and probability of design trade-offs associated with its speed (or performance), energy and p. The characterizationis

265

MTH734U-MTHM012 Topics in Probability & Stochastic Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MTH734U-MTHM012 Topics in Probability & Stochastic Processes Problem Sheet 9 1. Consider the 2 probabilities Pi,j(t) for i, j S. (c) Determine the limiting probabilities i for i S. 3. Sam Lacker) What is the generator matrix G? (b) What is the long-run proportion of time Sam is able to study? (c

Stark, Dudley

266

APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M. LEEMIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M having arbitrary distributions. This arti- cle presents a prototype probability package named APPL (A probability software package, referred to as "A Prob- ability Programming Language" (APPL), that fills

Leemis, Larry

267

1. Department, Course Number, Title ORE 608, Probability and Statistics for Ocean Engineers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Department, Course Number, Title ORE 608, Probability and Statistics for Ocean Engineers 2-spectra, and practical applications in ocean engineering. Pre: 607 or consent. 4. Prerequisites Calculus Probability and ocean engineering. 7. Topics Covered Random Variables Monte Carlo Methods Probability Density Functions

Frandsen, Jannette B.

268

ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Some Practice surviving a current of 3 A for 2 hours is "4 to 1 against". What is the engineer's probability for this event? (b) An engineer states that the probability of another prototype microchip surviving a current

George, Glyn

269

ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Problem Set 5 Probability distributions, expectation, variance 1. A discrete function of x is defined by ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 1 8 3 4 1, 1 0 0 otherwis x p x x e = - + = = (a) Verify that p(x) is a well-defined probability

George, Glyn

270

ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENGI 4421 Probability and Statistics Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Problem Set 2 MN for 25 years is "7 to 1 on". What is the engineer's probability for this event? 3. The event E [Introduction to Probability; odds, Venn diagrams, decision trees] 1. Draw a decision tree, involving choice

George, Glyn

271

Constraining white-dwarf kicks in globular clusters : III. Cluster Heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent observations of white dwarfs in globular clusters indicate that these stars may get a velocity kick during their time as giants. This velocity kick could originate naturally if the mass loss while on the asymptotic giant branch is slightly asymmetric. The kicks may be large enough to dramatically change the radial distribution of young white dwarfs, giving them larger energies than other stars in the cluster. As these energetic white dwarfs travel through the cluster they can impart their excess energy on the other stars in the cluster. This new heat source for globular clusters is expected to be largest during the clusters' youth.

Jeremy S. Heyl

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

272

Subsurface contaminants focus area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Enregy (DOE) Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is developing technologies to address environmental problems associated with hazardous and radioactive contaminants in soil and groundwater that exist throughout the DOE complex, including radionuclides, heavy metals; and dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs). More than 5,700 known DOE groundwater plumes have contaminated over 600 billion gallons of water and 200 million cubic meters of soil. Migration of these plumes threatens local and regional water sources, and in some cases has already adversely impacted off-site rsources. In addition, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is responsible for supplying technologies for the remediation of numerous landfills at DOE facilities. These landfills are estimated to contain over 3 million cubic meters of radioactive and hazardous buried Technology developed within this specialty area will provide efective methods to contain contaminant plumes and new or alternative technologies for development of in situ technologies to minimize waste disposal costs and potential worker exposure by treating plumes in place. While addressing contaminant plumes emanating from DOE landfills, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is also working to develop new or alternative technologies for the in situ stabilization, and nonintrusive characterization of these disposal sites.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

MSL ENTERANCE REFERENCE AREA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MSL ENTERANCE LOBBY ELEV STAIRS SSL-019 REFERENCE AREA SSL-021 GROUP STUDY SSL-018 STUDY ROOM SSL-029 SSL-020 COPY ROOM SSL-022 GROUP STUDY SSL-026 STACKS SSL-023 GROUP STUDY SSL-024 GROUP STUDY SSL TBL-014 TBL-014A STAIRS SSL-007 GIS/ WORKROOM SSL-011 SSL-008 SSL-009 SSL-010 SSL-014 SSL-017 STAIRS

Aalberts, Daniel P.

274

Plutonium focus area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To ensure research and development programs focus on the most pressing environmental restoration and waste management problems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) established a working group in August 1993 to implement a new approach to research and technology development. As part of this new approach, EM developed a management structure and principles that led to the creation of specific Focus Areas. These organizations were designed to focus the scientific and technical talent throughout DOE and the national scientific community on the major environmental restoration and waste management problems facing DOE. The Focus Area approach provides the framework for intersite cooperation and leveraging of resources on common problems. After the original establishment of five major Focus Areas within the Office of Technology Development (EM-50, now called the Office of Science and Technology), the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (EM-66) followed the structure already in place in EM-50 and chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA). The following information outlines the scope and mission of the EM, EM-60, and EM-66 organizations as related to the PFA organizational structure.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Spatial Entropy-Based Clustering for Mining Data with Spatial Correlation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial Entropy-Based Clustering for Mining Data with Spatial Correlation Baijie Wang and Xin Wang research area in the field of spatial data mining, which groups objects into meaningful subclasses based on their spatial and non- spatial attributes [1], [2]. In spatial data, spatial attributes, such as coordinates

276

G E O M A T I C A USING CLUSTERING METHODS IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the area of geospatial analysis [Agrawl et al. 1998; Ester et al. 1996; Estivill-Castro and Lee 2000aG E O M A T I C A USING CLUSTERING METHODS IN GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS Xin Wang and Jing Wang, or rel- ative density in space. It has been employed in the field of spatial analysis for years. In order

277

Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2011 Pratt & Whitney Engine Low Pressure Turbine Vane Cluster Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turbine Vane Cluster Analysis Overview The goal was to provide Pratt & Whitney with a detailed finitePENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2011 Pratt & Whitney Engine Low Pressure 3D cloud data to useable CAD model Use finite element analysis to determine the areas of highest

Demirel, Melik C.

278

Financial derivative pricing under probability operator via Esscher transfomation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of pricing contingent claims has been extensively studied for non-Gaussian models, and in particular, Black- Scholes formula has been derived for the NIG asset pricing model. This approach was first developed in insurance pricing{sup 9} where the original distortion function was defined in terms of the normal distribution. This approach was later studied6 where they compared the standard Black-Scholes contingent pricing and distortion based contingent pricing. So, in this paper, we aim at using distortion operators by Cauchy distribution under a simple transformation to price contingent claim. We also show that we can recuperate the Black-Sholes formula using the distribution. Similarly, in a financial market in which the asset price represented by a stochastic differential equation with respect to Brownian Motion, the price mechanism based on characteristic Esscher measure can generate approximate arbitrage free financial derivative prices. The price representation derived involves probability Esscher measure and Esscher Martingale measure and under a new complex valued measure ? (u) evaluated at the characteristic exponents ?{sub x}(u) of X{sub t} we recuperate the Black-Scholes formula for financial derivative prices.

Achi, Godswill U., E-mail: achigods@yahoo.com [Department of Mathematics, Abia State Polytechnic Aba, P.M.B. 7166, Aba, Abia State (Nigeria)

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

279

Delayed neutron emission probabilities of Li-F nuclides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Delayed neutron emission probabilities (P{sub n}) have been measured for 18 nuclides ranging from {sup 9}Li to {sup 25}F. Neutron-rich nuclides were produced by reaction of 800 MeV p on a {sup 232}Th target at the LAMPF accelerator at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Recoil nuclides were individually identified as to their mass, nuclear charged, and ionic charge by use of the Time-of-Flight Isochronous (TOFI) spectrometer. The distribution of time intervals between the arrival of a specific ion and the subsequent detection of a neutron was determined. The P{sub n} was calculated from the total number of ions observed, the initial neutron count rate, the neutron counting efficiency, and the half-life. The technique is shown to be valid for half-lives ranging from 10 ms ({sup 15}B) to 4 s ({sup 17}N) and for P{sub n} values as low as 0.3% ({sup 13}B). Delayed neutron emission has been measured for {sup 12}Be, {sup 14}B, {sup 17}C, {sup 18}N, {sup 21}N, and {sup 25}F for the first time. A small branch for beta-delayed two-neutron emission was observed in {sup 15}B (P{sub 2n} = 0.4 {plus minus} 0.2%). 14 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Reeder, P.L.; Warner, R.A.; Hensley, W.K. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Vieira, D.J.; Wouters, J.M. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

A probable giant planet imaged in the Beta Pictoris disk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the discovery of its dusty disk in 1984, Beta Pictoris has become the prototype of young early-type planetary systems, and there are now various indications that a massive Jovian planet is orbiting the star at ~ 10 AU. However, no planets have been detected around this star so far. Our goal was to investigate the close environment of Beta Pic, searching for planetary companion(s). Deep adaptive-optics L'-band images of Beta Pic were recorded using the NaCo instrument at the Very Large Telescope. A faint point-like signal is detected at a projected distance of ~ 8 AU from the star, within the North-East side of the dust disk. Various tests were made to rule out with a good confidence level possible instrumental or atmospheric artifacts. The probability of a foreground or background contaminant is extremely low, based in addition on the analysis of previous deep Hubble Space Telescope images. The object L'=11.2 apparent magnitude would indicate a typical temperature of ~1500 K and a mass of ~ 8 Jovian masses. If confirmed, it could explain the main morphological and dynamical peculiarities of the Beta Pic system. The present detection is unique among A-stars by the proximity of the resolved planet to its parent star. Its closeness and location inside the Beta Pic disk suggest a formation process by core accretion or disk instabilities rather than a binary-like formation process.

A. -M. Lagrange; D. Gratadour; G. Chauvin; T. Fusco; D. Ehrenreich; D. Mouillet; G. Rousset; D. Rouan; F. Allard; E. Gendron; J. Charton; L. Mugnier; P. Rabou; J. Montri; F. Lacombe

2008-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Probability of detection models for eddy current NDE methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of probability of detection (POD) models for a variety of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods is motivated by a desire to quantify the variability introduced during the process of testing. Sources of variability involved in eddy current methods of NDE include those caused by variations in liftoff, material properties, probe canting angle, scan format, surface roughness and measurement noise. This thesis presents a comprehensive POD model for eddy current NDE. Eddy current methods of nondestructive testing are used widely in industry to inspect a variety of nonferromagnetic and ferromagnetic materials. The development of a comprehensive POD model is therefore of significant importance. The model incorporates several sources of variability characterized by a multivariate Gaussian distribution and employs finite element analysis to predict the signal distribution. The method of mixtures is then used for estimating optimal threshold values. The research demonstrates the use of a finite element model within a probabilistic framework to the spread in the measured signal for eddy current nondestructive methods. Using the signal distributions for various flaw sizes the POD curves for varying defect parameters have been computed. In contrast to experimental POD models, the cost of generating such curves is very low and complex defect shapes can be handled very easily. The results are also operator independent.

Rajesh, S.N.

1993-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

282

Efficiency issues related to probability density function comparison  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CANDID project (Comparison Algorithm for Navigating Digital Image Databases) employs probability density functions (PDFs) of localized feature information to represent the content of an image for search and retrieval purposes. A similarity measure between PDFs is used to identify database images that are similar to a user-provided query image. Unfortunately, signature comparison involving PDFs is a very time-consuming operation. In this paper, we look into some efficiency considerations when working with PDFS. Since PDFs can take on many forms, we look into tradeoffs between accurate representation and efficiency of manipulation for several data sets. In particular, we typically represent each PDF as a Gaussian mixture (e.g. as a weighted sum of Gaussian kernels) in the feature space. We find that by constraining all Gaussian kernels to have principal axes that are aligned to the natural axes of the feature space, computations involving these PDFs are simplified. We can also constrain the Gaussian kernels to be hyperspherical rather than hyperellipsoidal, simplifying computations even further, and yielding an order of magnitude speedup in signature comparison. This paper illustrates the tradeoffs encountered when using these constraints.

Kelly, P.M.; Cannon, M.; Barros, J.E.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Hilbert's Sixth Problem: Descriptive Statistics as New Foundations for Probability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hay esbozas tras las cuales las probabilidades se cuentan como la fundaci\\'on de la teor\\'\\i a matem\\'atica de las estad\\'\\i sticas. Mas la significaci\\'on f\\'\\i sica de las probabilidades matem\\'aticas son oscuros, muy poco entendidos. Parecer\\'\\i a mejor que las probabilidades f\\'\\i sicas sean fundadas en las estad\\'\\i sticas descriptivas de datos fisicales. Se trate una teor\\'\\i a que as\\'\\i responde a una cuestiona de Hilbert propuesta en su Problema N\\'umero Seis, la axiomatizaci\\'on de la F\\'\\i sica. Est\\'a basada en la auto-correlaci\\'on de los series temporales. Casi todas de las funciones de auto-correlaci\\'on de las trayector\\'\\i as de un sistema din\\'amico lineal (de lo cual el n\\'umero de sus grados de libertad sea bastante grande) son todas aproximadamente iguales, no importan las condiciones iniciales, a\\'un si el sistema no sea erg\\'odico, como conjetur\\'o Khintchine en 1943. Usually, the theory of probability has been made the foundation for the theory of statistics. But the physical significa...

Johnson, Joseph F

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

ADVANCED PROBABILITY 24 lectures This course aims to cover the advanced topics at the core of research in probability theory. There is an emphasis on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's theorem. Conditional expectation Discrete case, Gaussian case, conditional density functions; existence. Appropriate books R. Durrett Probability: Theory and Examples. Wadsworth 1991 O. Kallenberg Foundations of research in probability theory. There is an emphasis on techniques needed for the rigorous analysis

Sousi, Perla

285

Clustering and Uncertainty in Perfect Chaos Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of this investigation was to derive strictly new properties of chaotic systems and their mutual relations. The generalized Fokker-Planck equation with a non stationary diffusion has been derived and used for chaos analysis. An anomalous transport turned out to be natural property of this equation. A nonlinear dispersion of the considered motion allowed to find a principal consequence: a chaotic system with uniform dynamic properties tends to unstable clustering. Small fluctuations of particles density increase by time and form attractors and stochastic islands even if the initial transport properties have uniform distribution. It was shown that an instability of phase trajectories leads to the nonlinear dispersion law and consequently to a space instability. A fixed boundary system was considered, using a standard Fokker-Planck equation. We have derived that such a type of dynamic systems has a discrete diffusive and energy spectra. It was shown that phase space diffusion is the only parameter that defines a dynamic accuracy in this case. The uncertainty relations have been obtained for conjugate phase space variables with account of transport properties. Given results can be used in the area of chaotic systems modelling and turbulence investigation.

Sergey A. Kamenshchikov

2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

286

DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Interest Electric Transmission Corridors DOE Designates Southwest Area and Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors October 2, 2007 - 11:12am Addthis...

287

Modeling the probability of excitation and the defective part level as testing progresses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-at fault at Point P 10 Example circuit with OR bridge between points P and 9 . The probability of excitation decreases as testing progresses. 12 16 Variation in probability of excitation between vector sets for c2670. . 18 Variation in probability... of excitation between vector sets for c5315. . 19 Probability of excitation curve for c2670. Probability of excitation curve for c5315. 21 21 The defect level. 24 10 12 13 14 15 C432 MPG-D prediction: r = 4. 275 A = 0. 663 . C499 MPG-D prediction: r...

Dworak, Jennifer Lynn

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Reactive cluster model of metallic glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Though discovered more than a half century ago metallic glasses remain a scientific enigma. Unlike crystalline metals, characterized by short, medium, and long-range order, in metallic glasses short and medium-range order persist, though long-range order is absent. This fact has prompted research to develop structural descriptions of metallic glasses. Among these are cluster-based models that attribute amorphous structure to the existence of clusters that are incommensurate with crystalline periodicity. Not addressed, however, are the chemical factors stabilizing these clusters and promoting their interconnections. We have found that glass formers are characterized by a rich cluster chemistry that above the glass transformation temperature promotes exchange as well as static and vibronic sharing of atoms between clusters. The vibronic mechanism induces correlated motions between neighboring clusters and we hypothesize that the distance over which these motions are correlated mediates metallic glass stability and influences critical cooling rates.

Jones, Travis E. [Molecular Theory Group, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States) [Molecular Theory Group, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); School of Physics, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia); Miorelli, Jonathan; Eberhart, Mark E. [Molecular Theory Group, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)] [Molecular Theory Group, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

289

The BMW Deep X-ray Cluster Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We briefly describe the main features of the Brera Multi-Wavelet (BMW) survey of serendipitous X-ray clusters, based on the still unexploited ROSAT-HRI archival observations. Cluster candidates are selected from the general BMW catalogue of 20,000 sources based exclusively on their X-ray extension. Contrary to common wisdom, a clever selection of the HRI energy channels allows us to significantly reduce the background noise, thus greatly improving the ability to detect low surface-brightness sources as clusters. The resulting sample of ~250 candidates shows a very good sky coverage down to a flux \\~3x10^-14 erg/s/cm^2 ([0.5-2.0] keV band), i.e comparable to existing PSPC-based deep survey, with a particularly interesting area of ~100 sq.deg. around fluxes ~10^-13 erg/s/cm^2, i.e. where highly-luminous, rare systems at z~0.6-1 can be detected. At the same time, the superior angular resolution of the instrument should avoid biases against intrinsically small systems, while easing the identification process (e.g...

Guzzo, L; Campana, S; Covino, S; Dell'Antonio, I P; Lazzati, D; Longhetti, M; Molinari, E; Panzera, M R; Tagliaferri, G

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Sudden Collapse of a Granular Cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single clusters in a vibro-fluidized granular gas in N connected compartments become unstable at strong shaking. They are experimentally shown to collapse very abruptly. The observed cluster lifetime (as a function of the driving intensity) is analytically calculated within a flux model, making use of the self-similarity of the process. After collapse, the cluster diffuses out into the uniform distribution in a self-similar way, with an anomalous diffusion exponent 1/3.

Devaraj van der Meer; Ko van der Weele; Detlef Lohse

2002-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

291

The simulation of 3D microcalcification clusters in 2D digital mammography and breast tomosynthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: This work proposes a new method of building 3D models of microcalcification clusters and describes the validation of their realistic appearance when simulated into 2D digital mammograms and into breast tomosynthesis images. Methods: A micro-CT unit was used to scan 23 breast biopsy specimens of microcalcification clusters with malignant and benign characteristics and their 3D reconstructed datasets were segmented to obtain 3D models of microcalcification clusters. These models were then adjusted for the x-ray spectrum used and for the system resolution and simulated into 2D projection images to obtain mammograms after image processing and into tomographic sequences of projection images, which were then reconstructed to form 3D tomosynthesis datasets. Six radiologists were asked to distinguish between 40 real and 40 simulated clusters of microcalcifications in two separate studies on 2D mammography and tomosynthesis datasets. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to test the ability of each observer to distinguish between simulated and real microcalcification clusters. The kappa statistic was applied to assess how often the individual simulated and real microcalcification clusters had received similar scores (''agreement'') on their realistic appearance in both modalities. This analysis was performed for all readers and for the real and the simulated group of microcalcification clusters separately. ''Poor'' agreement would reflect radiologists' confusion between simulated and real clusters, i.e., lesions not systematically evaluated in both modalities as either simulated or real, and would therefore be interpreted as a success of the present models. Results: The area under the ROC curve, averaged over the observers, was 0.55 (95% confidence interval [0.44, 0.66]) for the 2D study, and 0.46 (95% confidence interval [0.29, 0.64]) for the tomosynthesis study, indicating no statistically significant difference between real and simulated lesions (p > 0.05). Agreement between allocated lesion scores for 2D mammography and those for the tomosynthesis series was poor. Conclusions: The realistic appearance of the 3D models of microcalcification clusters, whether malignant or benign clusters, was confirmed for 2D digital mammography images and the breast tomosynthesis datasets; this database of clusters is suitable for use in future observer performance studies related to the detectability of microcalcification clusters. Such studies include comparing 2D digital mammography to breast tomosynthesis and comparing different reconstruction algorithms.

Shaheen, Eman; Van Ongeval, Chantal; Zanca, Federica; Cockmartin, Lesley; Marshall, Nicholas; Jacobs, Jurgen; Young, Kenneth C.; Dance, David R.; Bosmans, Hilde [Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium); National Coordinating Centre for the Physics of Mammography, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford, GU2 7XX (United Kingdom); Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven (Belgium)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Clustering Categories in Support Vector Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 23, 2014 ... Abstract: Support Vector Machines (SVM) is the state-of-the-art in Supervised Classification. In this paper the Cluster Support Vector Machines...

Emilio Carrizosa

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

293

The Impact of Rotation on Cluster Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The evolution of rotating, isolated clusters of stars up to core-collapse is investigated with n-body numerical codes. The simulations start off from axisymmetric generalisations of King profiles, with added global angular momentum. In this contribution I report on results obtained for two sets of single-mass cluster simulations. These confirm the more rapid evolution of even mildly-rotating clusters. A model is presented with rotational energy comparable to omega-Centauri's; it reaches core-collapse in less than half the time required for non-rotating model clusters.

Christian Boily

2000-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

294

Multiphoton ionization of large water clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water clusters are multimers of water molecules held together by hydrogen bonds. In the present work, multiphoton ionization in the UV range coupled with time of flight mass spectrometry has been applied to water clusters with up to 160 molecules in order to obtain information on the electronic states of clusters of different sizes up to dimensions that can approximate the bulk phase. The dependence of ion intensities of water clusters and their metastable fragments produced by laser ionization at 355 nm on laser power density indicates a (3+1)-photon resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization process. It also explains the large increase of ionization efficiency at 355 nm compared to that at 266 nm. Indeed, it was found, by applying both nanosecond and picosecond laser ionization with the two different UV wavelengths, that no water cluster sequences after n = 9 could be observed at 266 nm, whereas water clusters up to m/z 2000 Th in reflectron mode and m/z 3000 Th in linear mode were detected at 355 nm. The agreement between our findings on clusters of water, especially true in the range with n > 10, and reported data for liquid water supports the hypothesis that clusters above a critical dimension can approximate the liquid phase. It should thus be possible to study clusters just above 10 water molecules, for getting information on the bulk phase structure.

Apicella, B., E-mail: apicella@irc.cnr.it [Combustion Research Institute, IRCC.N.R., P.le Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Li, X. [Key Laboratory of Power Machinery and Engineering, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Passaro, M. [CNISM and Chemical Engineering, Materials and Industrial Production Department, University of Naples Federico II, P.le Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Spinelli, N. [CNISM and Physics Department, University of Naples Federico II, Via Cintia, 80124 Napoli (Italy); Wang, X. [SPINC.N.R., Via Cintia, 80124 Napoli (Italy)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

295

Optimization of synchronization in gradient clustered networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider complex clustered networks with a gradient structure, where sizes of the clusters are distributed unevenly. Such networks describe more closely actual networks in biophysical systems and in technological applications than previous models. Theoretical analysis predicts that the network synchronizability can be optimized by the strength of the gradient field but only when the gradient field points from large to small clusters. A remarkable finding is that, if the gradient field is sufficiently strong, synchronizability of the network is mainly determined by the properties of the subnetworks in the two largest clusters. These results are verified by numerical eigenvalue analysis and by direct simulation of synchronization dynamics on coupled-oscillator networks.

Xingang Wang; Liang Huang; Ying-Cheng Lai; Choy Heng Lai

2007-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

296

The BMW X-ray Cluster Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the main features of the BMW survey of serendipitous X-ray clusters, based on the still unexploited ROSAT-HRI archival observations. The sky coverage, surface density and first deep optical CCD images of the candidates indicate that this sample can represent an excellent complement to the existing PSPC deep cluster surveys and will provide us with a fully independent probe of the evolution of the cluster abundance, in addition to significantly increasing the number of clusters known at z>0.6.

Alberto Moretti; Luigi Guzzo; Sergio Campana; Stefano Covino; Davide Lazzati; Marcella Longhetti; Emilio Molinari; Maria Rosa Panzera; Gianpiero Tagliaferri; Ian Dell'Antonio

2001-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

297

The BMW X-ray Cluster Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the main features of the BMW survey of serendipitous X-ray clusters, based on the still unexploited ROSAT-HRI archival observations. The sky coverage, surface density and first deep optical CCD images of the candidates indicate that this sample can represent an excellent complement to the existing PSPC deep cluster surveys and will provide us with a fully independent probe of the evolution of the cluster abundance, in addition to significantly increasing the number of clusters known at z>0.6.

Moretti, A; Campana, S; Covino, S; Lazzati, D; Longhetti, M; Molinari, E; Panzera, M R; Tagliaferri, G; Dell'Antonio, I P; Moretti, Alberto; Guzzo, Luigi; Campana, Sergio; Covino, Stefano; Lazzati, Davide; Longhetti, Marcella; Molinari, Emilio; Panzera, Maria Rosa; Tagliaferri, Gianpiero; Antonio, Ian Dell'

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

From clusters to clouds | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds"OfficeTourFrom clusters to clouds From

299

The clustering of ALFALFA galaxies: dependence on HI mass, relationship to optical samples & clues on host halo properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a sample of ~6000 galaxies detected by the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) 21cm survey, to measure the clustering properties of HI-selected galaxies. We find no convincing evidence for a dependence of clustering on the galactic atomic hydrogen (HI) mass, over the range M_HI ~ 10^{8.5} - 10^{10.5} M_sun. We show that previously reported results of weaker clustering for low-HI mass galaxies are probably due to finite-volume effects. In addition, we compare the clustering of ALFALFA galaxies with optically selected samples drawn from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). We find that HI-selected galaxies cluster more weakly than even relatively optically faint galaxies, when no color selection is applied. Conversely, when SDSS galaxies are split based on their color, we find that the correlation function of blue optical galaxies is practically indistinguishable from that of HI-selected galaxies. At the same time, SDSS galaxies with red colors are found to cluster significantly more than HI-selected gala...

Papastergis, Emmanouil; Haynes, Martha P; Rodrguez-Puebla, Aldo; Jones, Michael G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Measuring the Mean and Scatter of the X-ray Luminosity -- Optical Richness Relation for maxBCG Galaxy Clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We interpret and model the statistical weak lensing measurements around 130,000 groups and clusters of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey presented by Sheldon et al. (2007). We present non-parametric inversions of the 2D shear profiles to the mean 3D cluster density and mass profiles in bins of both optical richness and cluster i-band luminosity. Since the mean cluster density profile is proportional to the cluster-mass correlation function, the mean profile is spherically symmetric by the assumptions of large-scale homogeneity and isotropy. We correct the inferred 3D profiles for systematic effects, including non-linear shear and the fact that cluster halos are not all precisely centered on their brightest galaxies. We also model the measured cluster shear profile as a sum of contributions from the brightest central galaxy, the cluster dark matter halo, and neighboring halos. We infer the relations between mean cluster virial mass and optical richness and luminosity over two orders of magnitude in cluster mass; the virial mass at fixed richness or luminosity is determined with a precision of {approx} 13% including both statistical and systematic errors. We also constrain the halo concentration parameter and halo bias as a function of cluster mass; both are in good agreement with predictions from N-body simulations of LCDM models. The methods employed here will be applicable to deeper, wide-area optical surveys that aim to constrain the nature of the dark energy, such as the Dark Energy Survey, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and space-based surveys.

Rykoff, E.S.; McKay, T.A.; Becker, M.A.; Evrard, A.; Johnston, D.E.; Koester, B.P.; Rozo, E.; Sheldon, E.S.; Wechsler, Risa H.

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The simultaneous decomposition-simulation approach for multi-area power system reliability evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consideration of the multi-area load states. It can be used to compute loss of load probability, expected unserved demand, and frequency of capacity deficiency indices. Algorithms employing the simultaneous consideration of load states are introduced for (1...) calculation of loss of load probability and expected unserved demand, (2) cal culation of frequency, and (3) modeling of generating unit planned outages. These algorithms are fully described and tested, sample studies showing their merit are presented...

Deng, Zhong

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The fundamental plane of clusters of galaxies: a quest for understanding cluster dynamics and morphology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss implications of the fundamental plane parameters of clusters of galaxies derived from combined optical and X-ray data of a sample of 78 nearby clusters. In particular, we investigate the dependence of these parameters on the dynamical state of the cluster. We introduce a new concept of allocation of the fundamental plane of clusters derived from their intrinsic morphological properties, and put some theoretical implications of the existence of a fundamental plane into perspective.

Christoph Fritsch; Thomas Buchert

1999-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

303

Scientific and Natural Areas (Minnesota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Certain scientific and natural areas are established throughout the state for the purpose of preservation and protection. Construction and new development is prohibited in these areas.

304

Reactions of cobalt clusters with water and ammonia: Implications for cluster structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reactions of cobalt clusters in the 6 to 150 atom size range with water and ammonia are used to probe cluster geometrical structure. Clusters saturated with ammonia are found in several isomeric forms in much of this size region, including a structure based on icosahedral packing for clusters having 50 to 120 atoms. The variations with cluster size of the binding energy for a single water molecule provide evidence for icosahedral structure of the bare cobalt clusters in the same size range seen for the ammoniated clusters. However, both probes suggest that in many cases the bare clusters also have multiple isomers. The evidence for icosahedral structure in the bare and ammoniated clusters disappears above [similar to]120 atoms and is clearly not seen at the third icosahedral shell closing at 147 atoms. Comparison with earlier studies of hydrogenated cobalt clusters and with bare and hydrogenated nickel clusters is made. Reasons for the failure to form the closed-shell 147 atom icosahedral cluster are discussed.

Parks, E.K.; Klots, T.D.; Winter, B.J.; Riley, S.J. (Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States))

1993-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

KEYWORDS: geospatial clustering, web service, Web GIS, spatial data mining, clustering 1 INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 KEYWORDS: geospatial clustering, web service, Web GIS, spatial data mining, clustering 1-poor. Unprecedented amounts of spatial data are gathered quickly and easily through various methods, such as sensorsClustering offers an API and follows the OGC standard data format for spatial data exchange. #12;2 connectivity

306

Detecting Climate Change in Multivariate Time Series Data by Novel Clustering and Cluster Tracing Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detecting Climate Change in Multivariate Time Series Data by Novel Clustering and Cluster Tracing Aachen University, Germany {kremer, guennemann, seidl}@cs.rwth-aachen.de Abstract--Climate change can series, and trace the clusters over time. A climate pattern is categorized as a changing pattern

307

Probability distributions of hydraulic conductivity for the hydrogeologic units of the Death Valley regional ground-water flow system, Nevada and California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of geologic information such as lithology and rock properties is important to constrain conceptual and numerical hydrogeologic models. This geologic information is difficult to apply explicitly to numerical modeling and analyses because it tends to be qualitative rather than quantitative. This study uses a compilation of hydraulic-conductivity measurements to derive estimates of the probability distributions for several hydrogeologic units within the Death Valley regional ground-water flow system, a geologically and hydrologicaly complex region underlain by basin-fill sediments, volcanic, intrusive, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Probability distributions of hydraulic conductivity for general rock types have been studied previously; however, this study provides more detailed definition of hydrogeologic units based on lithostratigraphy, lithology, alteration, and fracturing and compares the probability distributions to the aquifer test data. Results suggest that these probability distributions can be used for studies involving, for example, numerical flow modeling, recharge, evapotranspiration, and rainfall runoff. These probability distributions can be used for such studies involving the hydrogeologic units in the region, as well as for similar rock types elsewhere. Within the study area, fracturing appears to have the greatest influence on the hydraulic conductivity of carbonate bedrock hydrogeologic units. Similar to earlier studies, we find that alteration and welding in the Tertiary volcanic rocks greatly influence conductivity. As alteration increases, hydraulic conductivity tends to decrease. Increasing degrees of welding appears to increase hydraulic conductivity because welding increases the brittleness of the volcanic rocks, thus increasing the amount of fracturing.

Belcher, W.R.; Sweetkind, D.S.; Elliott, P.E.

2002-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

308

TIME-SERIES PHOTOMETRY OF GLOBULAR CLUSTERS: M62 (NGC 6266), THE MOST RR LYRAE-RICH GLOBULAR CLUSTER IN THE GALAXY?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present new time-series CCD photometry, in the B and V bands, for the moderately metal-rich ([Fe/H] {approx_equal} -1.3) Galactic globular cluster M62 (NGC 6266). The present data set is the largest obtained so far for this cluster and consists of 168 images per filter, obtained with the Warsaw 1.3 m telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory and the 1.3 m telescope of the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, in two separate runs over the time span of 3 months. The procedure adopted to detect the variable stars was the optimal image subtraction method (ISIS v2.2), as implemented by Alard. The photometry was performed using both ISIS and Stetson's DAOPHOT/ALLFRAME package. We have identified 245 variable stars in the cluster fields that have been analyzed so far, of which 179 are new discoveries. Of these variables, 133 are fundamental mode RR Lyrae stars (RRab), 76 are first overtone (RRc) pulsators, 4 are type II Cepheids, 25 are long-period variables (LPVs), 1 is an eclipsing binary, and 6 are not yet well classified. Such a large number of RR Lyrae stars places M62 among the top two most RR Lyrae-rich (in the sense of total number of RR Lyrae stars present) globular clusters known in the Galaxy, second only to M3 (NGC 5272) with a total of 230 known RR Lyrae stars. Since this study covers most but not all of the cluster area, it is not unlikely that M62 is in fact the most RR Lyrae-rich globular cluster in the Galaxy. In like vein, thanks to the time coverage of our data sets, we were also able to detect the largest sample of LPVs known so far in a Galactic globular cluster. We analyze a variety of Oosterhoff type indicators for the cluster, including mean periods, period distribution, Bailey diagrams, and Fourier decomposition parameters (as well as the physical parameters derived therefrom). All of these indicators clearly show that M62 is an Oosterhoff type I system. This is in good agreement with the moderately high metallicity of the cluster, in spite of its predominantly blue horizontal branch morphology-which is more typical of Oosterhoff type II systems. We thus conclude that metallicity plays a key role in defining Oosterhoff type. Finally, based on an application of the 'A-method', we conclude that the cluster RR Lyrae stars have a similar He abundance as M3, although more work on the temperatures of the M62 RR Lyrae is needed before this result can be conclusively established.

Contreras, R. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127, Bologna (Italy); Catelan, M. [Departamento de AstronomIa y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Av. Vicuna Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Smith, H. A.; Kuehn, C. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Pritzl, B. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh, WI 54901 (United States); Borissova, J. [Departamento de Fisica y AstronomIa, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de ValparaIso, Ave. Gran Bretana 1111, Playa Ancha, Casilla 5030, ValparaIso (Chile)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

THE STRUCTURE OF 2MASS GALAXY CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use a sample of galaxies from the Two Micron All Sky Survey Extended Source Catalog to refine a matched filter method of finding galaxy clusters that takes into account each galaxy's position, magnitude, and redshift if available. The matched filter postulates a radial density profile, luminosity function, and line-of-sight velocity distribution for cluster galaxies. We use this method to search for clusters in the galaxy catalog, which is complete to an extinction-corrected K-band magnitude of 13.25 and has spectroscopic redshifts for roughly 40% of the galaxies, including nearly all brighter than K = 11.25. We then use a stacking analysis to determine the average luminosity function, radial distribution, and velocity distribution of cluster galaxies in several richness classes, and use the results to update the parameters of the matched filter before repeating the cluster search. We also investigate the correlations between a cluster's richness and its velocity dispersion and core radius using these relations to refine priors that are applied during the cluster search process. After the second cluster search iteration, we repeat the stacking analysis. We find a cluster galaxy luminosity function that fits a Schechter form, with parameters M{sub K*} - 5log h = -23.64 {+-} 0.04 and {alpha} = -1.07 {+-} 0.03. We can achieve a slightly better fit to our luminosity function by adding a Gaussian component on the bright end to represent the brightest cluster galaxy population. The radial number density profile of galaxies closely matches a projected Navarro-Frenk-White profile at intermediate radii, with deviations at small radii due to well-known cluster centering issues and outside the virial radius due to correlated structure. The velocity distributions are Gaussian in shape, with velocity dispersions that correlate strongly with richness.

Blackburne, Jeffrey A.; Kochanek, Christopher S. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Fermi-LAT constraints on dark matter annihilation cross section from observations of the Fornax cluster  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze 2.8-yr data of 1100 GeV photons for clusters of galaxies, collected with the Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi satellite. By analyzing 49 nearby massive clusters located at high Galactic latitudes, we find no excess gamma-ray emission towards directions of the galaxy clusters. Using flux upper limits, we show that the Fornax cluster provides the most stringent constraints on the dark matter annihilation cross section. Stacking a large sample of nearby clusters does not help improve the limit for most dark matter models. This suggests that a detailed modeling of the Fornax cluster is important for setting robust limits on the dark matter annihilation cross section based on clusters. We therefore perform the detailed mass modeling and predict the expected dark matter annihilation signals from the Fornax cluster, by taking into account effects of dark matter contraction and substructures. By modeling the mass distribution of baryons (stars and gas) around a central bright elliptical galaxy, NGC 1399, and using a modified contraction model motivated by numerical simulations, we show that the dark matter contraction boosts the annihilation signatures by a factor of 4. For dark matter masses around 10 GeV, the upper limit obtained on the annihilation cross section times relative velocity is (??)?<(23) 10{sup ?25} cm{sup 3} s{sup ?1}, which is within a factor of 10 from the value required to explain the dark matter relic density. This effect is more robust than the annihilation boost due to substructure, and it is more important unless the mass of the smallest subhalos is much smaller than that of the Sun.

Ando, Shin'ichiro [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, 1090 GL Amsterdam (Netherlands); Nagai, Daisuke, E-mail: s.ando@uva.nl, E-mail: daisuke.nagai@yale.edu [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Dark Matter Searches with Cherenkov Telescopes: Nearby Dwarf Galaxies or Local Galaxy Clusters?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we compare dwarf galaxies and galaxy clusters in order to elucidate which object class is the best target for gamma-ray DM searches with imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs). We have built a mixed dwarfs+clusters sample containing some of the most promising nearby dwarf galaxies (Draco, Ursa Minor, Wilman 1 and Segue 1) and local galaxy clusters (Perseus, Coma, Ophiuchus, Virgo, Fornax, NGC 5813 and NGC 5846), and then compute their DM annihilation flux profiles by making use of the latest modeling of their DM density profiles. We also include in our calculations the effect of DM substructure. Willman 1 appears as the best candidate in the sample. However, its mass modeling is still rather uncertain, so probably other candidates with less uncertainties and quite similar fluxes, namely Ursa Minor and Segue 1, might be better options. As for galaxy clusters, Virgo represents the one with the highest flux. However, its large spatial extension can be a serious handicap for IACT observations and posterior data analysis. Yet, other local galaxy cluster candidates with more moderate emission regions, such as Perseus, may represent good alternatives. After comparing dwarfs and clusters, we found that the former exhibit annihilation flux profiles that, at the center, are roughly one order of magnitude higher than those of clusters, although galaxy clusters can yield similar, or even higher, integrated fluxes for the whole object once substructure is taken into account. Even when any of these objects are strictly point-like according to the properties of their annihilation signals, we conclude that dwarf galaxies are best suited for observational strategies based on the search of point-like sources, while galaxy clusters represent best targets for analyses that can deal with rather extended emissions. Finally, we study the detection prospects for present and future IACTs in the framework of the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model. We find that the level of the annihilation flux from these targets is below the sensitivities of current IACTs and the future CTA.

Sanchez-Conde, Miguel A.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /IAC, La Laguna /Laguna U., Tenerife; Cannoni, Mirco; /Huelva U.; Zandanel, Fabio; /IAA, Granada; Gomez, Mario E.; /Huelva U.; Prada, Francisco; /IAA, Granada

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

312

Large area bulk superconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bulk superconductor having a thickness of not less than about 100 microns is carried by a polycrystalline textured substrate having misorientation angles at the surface thereof not greater than about 15.degree.; the bulk superconductor may have a thickness of not less than about 100 microns and a surface area of not less than about 50 cm.sup.2. The textured substrate may have a thickness not less than about 10 microns and misorientation angles at the surface thereof not greater than about 15.degree.. Also disclosed is a process of manufacturing the bulk superconductor and the polycrystalline biaxially textured substrate material.

Miller, Dean J. (Darien, IL); Field, Michael B. (Jersey City, NJ)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Western Area Power Administration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun Deng Associate ResearchWestern Area Power

314

700 Area - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |November 2011 Mon, Next2025Steps to MakingImportance of700 Area

315

CEES - Focus Areas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearchCASL Symposium: Celebrating the Past - VisualizingFocus Areas

316

100 Area - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | BlandinePrincetonOPT Optics MetrologyDepartment of00 Area

317

Development of an integrated system for estimating human error probabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This project had as its main objective the development of a Human Reliability Analysis (HRA), knowledge-based expert system that would provide probabilistic estimates for potential human errors within various risk assessments, safety analysis reports, and hazard assessments. HRA identifies where human errors are most likely, estimates the error rate for individual tasks, and highlights the most beneficial areas for system improvements. This project accomplished three major tasks. First, several prominent HRA techniques and associated databases were collected and translated into an electronic format. Next, the project started a knowledge engineering phase where the expertise, i.e., the procedural rules and data, were extracted from those techniques and compiled into various modules. Finally, these modules, rules, and data were combined into a nearly complete HRA expert system.

Auflick, J.L.; Hahn, H.A.; Morzinski, J.A.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Merging and splitting of clusters in the electromagnetic calorimeter of the KLOE detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The work was carried out in the framework of the KLOE collaboration studying the decays of the phi meson produced in the DAFNE accelerator in the collisions of electron and positron. The main aim of this thesis was investigation of the influence of the merging and splitting of clusters in decays with the high multiplicity of gamma quanta, which are at most biased by these effects. For this aim we implemented the full geometry and realistic material composition of the barrel electromagnetic calorimeter in FLUKA package. The prepared Monte Carlo based simulation program permits to achieve a fast generation of the detector response separately for each interested reaction. The program was used to study the reconstruction efficiency with the KLOE clustering algorithm as a function of the photocathode quantum efficiency. It was also used to investigate merging and splitting probabilities as a function of the quantum efficiency. The conducted studies indicated that the increase of quantum efficiency does not improve...

Zdebik, Jaroslaw

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

THE APM CLUSTER SURVEY: CLUSTER DETECTION AND LARGE-SCALE STRUCTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The APM Cluster Survey was based on a modification of Abell's original classification scheme for galaxy clusters. Here we discuss the results of an investigation of the stability of the statistical properties of the cluster catalogue to changes in the selection parameters. For a poor choice of selection parameters we find clear indications of line-of-sight clusters, but there is a wide range of input parameters for which the statistical properties of the catalogue are stable. We conclude that clusters selected in this way are indeed useful as tracers of large-scale structure.

G. B. Dalton

1995-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

320

Knowledge-based cluster development in India : opportunities and challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knowledge-based industries tend to cluster. The nature of activities illustrate the importance of networks and virtual and proximity aspects of clustering. Review of existing literature brings out the advantages of clustering ...

Singla, Chandan Dev

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Dynamics of excess electrons in atomic and molecular clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-Resolved Dynamics in Acetonitrile Cluster Anions (CH 3Time-resolved dynamics in acetonitrile clusters anions (CH 3resolved dynamics in acetonitrile clusters anions (CH 3 CN)

Young, Ryan Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Functional Clustering in Nested Designs Abel Rodriguez  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional Clustering in Nested Designs Abel Rodriguez University of California, Santa Cruz) and oceanography (Rodriguez et al., 2008a). Because functional data are inherently complex, functional clustering the principal points of random functions; James & Sugar (2003), who develop methods for sparsely sam- pled

West, Mike

323

Luminosity function of clusters of galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The composite galaxy luminosity function (hereafter LF) of 39 Abell clusters of galaxies is derived by computing the statistical excess of galaxy counts in the cluster direction with respect to control fields. Due to the wide field coverage of the digitised POSS-II plates, we can measure field counts around each cluster in a fully homogeneous way. Furthermore, the availability of virtually unlimited sky coverage allows us to directly compute the LF errors without having to rely on the estimated variance of the background. The wide field coverage also allows us to derive the LF of the whole cluster, including galaxies located in the cluster outskirts. The global composite LF has a slope alpha ~ -1.1+/-0.2 with minor variations from blue to red filters, and M* ~ -21.7,-22.2,-22.4 mag (H_0=50 km/s/Mpc) in g, r and i filters, respectively. These results are in quite good agreement with several previous determinations and in particular with the LF determined for the inner region of a largely overlapping set of clusters, but derived making use of a completely different method for background subtraction. The similarity of the two LFs suggests the existence of minor differences between the LF in the cluster outskirts and in the central region, or a negligible contribution of galaxies in the cluster outskirts to the global LF.

M. Paolillo; S. Andreon; G. Longo; E. Puddu; R. R. Gal; R. Scaramella; S. G. Djorgovski; R. de Carvalho

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

324

STELLAR ENCOUNTER RATE IN GALACTIC GLOBULAR CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high stellar densities in the cores of globular clusters cause significant stellar interactions. These stellar interactions can produce close binary mass-transferring systems involving compact objects and their progeny, such as X-ray binaries and radio millisecond pulsars. Comparing the numbers of these systems and interaction rates in different clusters drives our understanding of how cluster parameters affect the production of close binaries. In this paper we estimate stellar encounter rates ({Gamma}) for 124 Galactic globular clusters based on observational data as opposed to the methods previously employed, which assumed 'King-model' profiles for all clusters. By deprojecting cluster surface brightness profiles to estimate luminosity density profiles, we treat 'King-model' and 'core-collapsed' clusters in the same way. In addition, we use Monte Carlo simulations to investigate the effects of uncertainties in various observational parameters (distance, reddening, surface brightness) on {Gamma}, producing the first catalog of globular cluster stellar encounter rates with estimated errors. Comparing our results with published observations of likely products of stellar interactions (numbers of X-ray binaries, numbers of radio millisecond pulsars, and {gamma}-ray luminosity) we find both clear correlations and some differences with published results.

Bahramian, Arash; Heinke, Craig O.; Sivakoff, Gregory R.; Gladstone, Jeanette C., E-mail: bahramia@ualberta.ca [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, CCIS 4-183, Edmonton, AB, T5K 1V4 (Canada)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

PHOTOIONIZED TOF MASS SPECTROMETRY OF ATOMIC CLUSTERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for sev eral cluster sou rce nozzle condition s. Heliu m gas pressu re at the tim e of v aporization of solid m aterial played the key role in cluster size range obtain ed. Th e effect of pressu re was thorou

Maruyama, Shigeo

326

Clustering Web Search Results Using Fuzzy Ants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clustering Web Search Results Using Fuzzy Ants Steven Schockaert,* Martine De Cock, Chris Cornelis and Uncertainty Modelling Research Unit, Krijgslaan 281 (S9), B-9000 Gent, Belgium Algorithms for clustering Web existing approaches and illustrates how our algorithm can be applied to the problem of Web search results

Gent, Universiteit

327

Cluster Parallel Loops Part I. Preliminaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;14­2 BIG CPU, BIG DATA he massively parallel Bitcoin mining program in Chapter 13 still doesn't take full advantage of the cluster's parallel processing capabilities. Each Bitcoin mining task uses all the cores on just one node. So on the 10-node tardis cluster, I have to mine 10 or more Bitcoins to fully utilize

Kaminsky, Alan

328

Energy Accounting and Control on HPC clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Accounting and Control on HPC clusters Yiannis Georgiou R&D Software Engineer #12;Objectives Issues that we wanted to deal with: Measure power and energy consumption on HPC clusters Attribute power and energy data to HPC components Calculate the energy consumption of jobs in the system Extract power

Lefèvre, Laurent

329

Regional Innovation Clusters September 25 , 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prosperity Find, birth, build and celebrate clusters Improve the business environment Connect the dots by Professor Michael E. Porter and Monitor Company Group, L.P. -- Confidential -- CAM Q BMW Spartanburg #12 Automotive Cluster #12;Timken Technology Center Carroll A. Campbell Graduate Engineering Center IBMOracle BMW

Levinson, David M.

330

IP Profiling via Service Cluster Membership Vectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study investigates the feasibility of establishing and maintaining a system of compact IP behavioral profiles as a robust means of computer anomaly definition and detection. These profiles are based upon the degree to which a system's (IP's) network traffic is distributed among stable characteristic clusters derived of the aggregate session traffic generated by each of the major network services. In short, an IP's profile represents its degree of membership in these derived service clusters. The goal is to quantify and rank behaviors that are outside of the statistical norm for the services in question, or present significant deviation from profile for individual client IPs. Herein, we establish stable clusters for accessible features of common session traffic, migrate these clusters over time, define IP behavior profiles with respect to these clusters, migrate individual IP profiles over time, and demonstrate the detection of IP behavioral changes in terms of deviation from profile.

Bartoletti, A

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

331

Bipartite graph partitioning and data clustering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many data types arising from data mining applications can be modeled as bipartite graphs, examples include terms and documents in a text corpus, customers and purchasing items in market basket analysis and reviewers and movies in a movie recommender system. In this paper, the authors propose a new data clustering method based on partitioning the underlying biopartite graph. The partition is constructed by minimizing a normalized sum of edge weights between unmatched pairs of vertices of the bipartite graph. They show that an approximate solution to the minimization problem can be obtained by computing a partial singular value decomposition (SVD) of the associated edge weight matrix of the bipartite graph. They point out the connection of their clustering algorithm to correspondence analysis used in multivariate analysis. They also briefly discuss the issue of assigning data objects to multiple clusters. In the experimental results, they apply their clustering algorithm to the problem of document clustering to illustrate its effectiveness and efficiency.

Zha, Hongyuan; He, Xiaofeng; Ding, Chris; Gu, Ming; Simon, Horst D.

2001-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

Web document clustering using hyperlink structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the exponential growth of information on the World Wide Web there is great demand for developing efficient and effective methods for organizing and retrieving the information available. Document clustering plays an important role in information retrieval and taxonomy management for the World Wide Web and remains an interesting and challenging problem in the field of web computing. In this paper we consider document clustering methods exploring textual information hyperlink structure and co-citation relations. In particular we apply the normalized cut clustering method developed in computer vision to the task of hyperdocument clustering. We also explore some theoretical connections of the normalized-cut method to K-means method. We then experiment with normalized-cut method in the context of clustering query result sets for web search engines.

He, Xiaofeng; Zha, Hongyuan; Ding, Chris H.Q; Simon, Horst D.

2001-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

333

On Spectral Clustering: Analysis and an algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite many empirical successes of spectral clustering methods -- algorithms that cluster points using eigenvectors of matrices derived from the distances between the points -- there are several unresolved issues. First, there is a wide variety of algorithms that use the eigenvectors in slightly different ways. Second, many of these algorithms have no proof that they will actually compute a reasonable clustering. In this paper, we present a simple spectral clustering algorithm that can be implemented using a few lines of Matlab. Using tools from matrix perturbation theory, we analyze the algorithm, and give conditions under which it can be expected to do well. We also show surprisingly good experimental results on a number of challenging clustering problems.

Andrew Y. Ng; Michael I. Jordan; Yair Weiss

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

M31 Globular Clusters in the HST Archive: I. Cluster Detection and Completeness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Globular clusters at the distance of M31 have apparent angular sizes of a few arcseconds. While many M31 GCs have been detected and studied from ground-based images, the high spatial resolution of HST allows much more robust detection and characterization of star cluster properties. We present the results of a search of 157 HST/WFPC2 images of M31: we found 82 previously-cataloged globular cluster candidates as well as 32 new globular cluster candidates and 20 open cluster candidates. We present images of the new candidates and photometry for all clusters. We assess existing cluster catalogs' completeness and use the results to estimate the total number of GCs in M31 as 460+/-70. The specific frequency is S_N = 1.2+/-0.2 and the mass specific frequency T = 2.4+/-0.4; these values are at the upper end of the range seen for spiral galaxies.

P. Barmby; J. P. Huchra

2001-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

335

Macroeconomic Study of Construction Firm's Profitability Using Cluster Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

# 2 Cluster # 3 Alabama (AL) Alaska (AK) Arizona (AZ) Arkansas (AR) California (CA) Colorado (CO) Delaware (DE) Connecticut (CT) District of Columbia (DC) Idaho (ID) Hawaii (HI) Florida (FL) Iowa (IA) Illinois (IL) Georgia (GA) Kansas (KS... by Average labor productivity, it can be observed that clusters can be easily discerned as shown in figure 2. 20 Table 2: Clustering Results for Model 2 Cluster # 1 Cluster # 2 Cluster # 3 Alabama (AL) Arkansas (AR) Alaska (AK) Arizona (AZ...

Arora, Parth

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

336

A comparison of the initial and conditional probabilities for dry-day sequences in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

improves with increasing threshold. I rom this ir formation a romngram was constructed for th& purpose of graph Lcaily estimating the conditional probability given a value of the initial probability (for. any day t). Original. regression equations were... modified such that the modified regression lir ca conformed to theoretically correct con liticns and parsed through point (1, 1) of t' he. nomogram. The nocitivc r . latior el, ip is maintained bctwccn t!. e initial aud conc!itionai probabilities...

Fresh, Herman Elwood

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

THREE-CLUSTER NUCLEAR MOLECULES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A three-center phenomenological model able to explain, at least from a qualitative point of view, the difference in the observed yield of a particle-accompanied fission and that of binary fission was developed. It is derived from the liquid drop model under the assumption that the aligned configuration, with the emitted particle between the light and heavy fragment is obtained by increasing continuously the separation distance, while the radii of the light fragment and of the light particle are kept constant. During the first stage of the deformation one has a two-center evolution until the neck radius becomes equal to the radius of the emitted particle. Then the three center starts developing by decreasing with the same amount the two tip distances. In such a way a second minimum, typical for a cluster molecule, appears in the deformation energy. Examples are presented for 240 Pu parent nucleus emitting ?-particles and 14 C in a ternary process. 1

D. N. Poenaru; B. Dobrescu; W. Greiner

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

T-1 Training Area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Another valuable homeland security asset at the NNSS is the T-1 training area, which covers more than 10 acres and includes more than 20 separate training venues. Local, County, and State first responders who train here encounter a variety of realistic disaster scenarios. A crashed 737 airliner lying in pieces across the desert, a helicopter and other small aircraft, trucks, buses, and derailed train cars are all part of the mock incident scene. After formal classroom education, first responders are trained to take immediate decisive action to prevent or mitigate the use of radiological or nuclear devices by terrorists. The Counterterrorism Operations Support Center for Radiological Nuclear Training conducts the courses and exercises providing first responders from across the nation with the tools they need to protect their communities. All of these elements provide a training experience that cannot be duplicated anywhere else in the country.

None

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

339

T-1 Training Area  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Another valuable homeland security asset at the NNSS is the T-1 training area, which covers more than 10 acres and includes more than 20 separate training venues. Local, County, and State first responders who train here encounter a variety of realistic disaster scenarios. A crashed 737 airliner lying in pieces across the desert, a helicopter and other small aircraft, trucks, buses, and derailed train cars are all part of the mock incident scene. After formal classroom education, first responders are trained to take immediate decisive action to prevent or mitigate the use of radiological or nuclear devices by terrorists. The Counterterrorism Operations Support Center for Radiological Nuclear Training conducts the courses and exercises providing first responders from across the nation with the tools they need to protect their communities. All of these elements provide a training experience that cannot be duplicated anywhere else in the country.

None

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

340

Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized via Reactive Layer Assisted Deposition. Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized via Reactive...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

arom gene cluster: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the application of a novel clustering algorithm, Super-Paramagnetic Clustering (SPC) to analysis of gene expression profiles that were generated recently during a study of...

342

almt1 gene cluster: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the application of a novel clustering algorithm, Super-Paramagnetic Clustering (SPC) to analysis of gene expression profiles that were generated recently during a study of...

343

Irradiation-induced defect clustering and amorphization in silicon...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Irradiation-induced defect clustering and amorphization in silicon carbide. Irradiation-induced defect clustering and amorphization in silicon carbide. Abstract: Previous computer...

344

High performance computing: Clusters, constellations, MPPs, and future directions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Jim Gray, High Performance Computing: Crays, Clusters,The Marketplace of High-Performance Computing, ParallelHigh Performance Computing Clusters, Constellations, MPPs,

Dongarra, Jack; Sterling, Thomas; Simon, Horst; Strohmaier, Erich

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

All-Boron Aromatic Clusters as Potential New Inorganic Ligands...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boron Aromatic Clusters as Potential New Inorganic Ligands and Building Blocks in Chemistry. All-Boron Aromatic Clusters as Potential New Inorganic Ligands and Building Blocks in...

346

Three-dimensional Modeling of Fracture Clusters in Geothermal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Three-dimensional Modeling of Fracture Clusters in Geothermal Reservoirs; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report Three-dimensional Modeling of Fracture Clusters in...

347

Computer System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute Program...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute Program Description The Computer System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute (CSCNSI) is a focused technical enrichment...

348

Are Cluster Ion Analysis Beams Good Choices for Hydrogen Depth...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cluster Ion Analysis Beams Good Choices for Hydrogen Depth Profiling Using Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry? Are Cluster Ion Analysis Beams Good Choices for Hydrogen...

349

Optimization of the Coupled Cluster Implementation in NWChem...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Coupled Cluster Implementation in NWChem on Petascale Parallel Architectures. Optimization of the Coupled Cluster Implementation in NWChem on Petascale Parallel Architectures....

350

2009 Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures GRC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For over thirty years, this Gordon Conference has been the premiere meeting for the field of cluster science, which studies the phenomena that arise when matter becomes small. During its history, participants have witnessed the discovery and development of many novel materials, including C60, carbon nanotubes, semiconductor and metal nanocrystals, and nanowires. In addition to addressing fundamental scientific questions related to these materials, the meeting has always included a discussion of their potential applications. Consequently, this conference has played a critical role in the birth and growth of nanoscience and engineering. The goal of the 2009 Gordon Conference is to continue the forward-looking tradition of this meeting and discuss the most recent advances in the field of clusters, nanocrystals, and nanostructures. As in past meetings, this will include new topics that broaden the field. In particular, a special emphasis will be placed on nanomaterials related to the efficient use, generation, or conversion of energy. For example, we anticipate presentations related to batteries, catalysts, photovoltaics, and thermoelectrics. In addition, we expect to address the controversy surrounding carrier multiplication with a session in which recent results addressing this phenomenon will be discussed and debated. The atmosphere of the conference, which emphasizes the presentation of unpublished results and lengthy discussion periods, ensures that attendees will enjoy a valuable and stimulating experience. Because only a limited number of participants are allowed to attend this conference, and oversubscription is anticipated, we encourage all interested researchers from academia, industry, and government institutions to apply as early as possible. An invitation is not required. We also encourage all attendees to submit their latest results for presentation at the poster sessions. We anticipate that several posters will be selected for 'hot topic' oral presentations. Because of the important role that students and postdocs play in the future of this field, we also anticipate to select several posters from young investigators for oral presentations.

Lai-Sheng Wang

2009-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

351

Double-Slit Experiment and Quantum Theory Event-Probability Interpretation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article the propagation of pointlike event probabilities in space is considered. Double-Slit experiment is described in detail. New interpretation of Quantum Theory is formulated.

G. Quznetsov

2010-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

352

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyses generated probability Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to automatically generate the SW set for every Summary: -lexical probabilities on the task of analysis assignment. Here one or more analyses of an ambiguous word are...

353

Probability Estimation of CO2 Leakage Through Faults at Geologic Carbon Sequestration Sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Leakage of CO{sub 2} and brine along faults at geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) sites is a primary concern for storage integrity. The focus of this study is on the estimation of the probability of leakage along faults or fractures. This leakage probability is controlled by the probability of a connected network of conduits existing at a given site, the probability of this network encountering the CO{sub 2} plume, and the probability of this network intersecting environmental resources that may be impacted by leakage. This work is designed to fit into a risk assessment and certification framework that uses compartments to represent vulnerable resources such as potable groundwater, health and safety, and the near-surface environment. The method we propose includes using percolation theory to estimate the connectivity of the faults, and generating fuzzy rules from discrete fracture network simulations to estimate leakage probability. By this approach, the probability of CO{sub 2} escaping into a compartment for a given system can be inferred from the fuzzy rules. The proposed method provides a quick way of estimating the probability of CO{sub 2} or brine leaking into a compartment. In addition, it provides the uncertainty range of the estimated probability.

Zhang, Yingqi; Oldenburg, Curt; Finsterle, Stefan; Jordan, Preston; Zhang, Keni

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

THE CONTRIBUTION OF RADIO GALAXY CONTAMINATION TO MEASUREMENTS OF THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH DECREMENT IN MASSIVE GALAXY CLUSTERS AT 140 GHz WITH BOLOCAM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe in detail our characterization of the compact radio source population in 140 GHz Bolocam observations of a set of 45 massive galaxy clusters. We use a combination of 1.4 and 30 GHz data to select a total of 28 probable cluster-member radio galaxies and also to predict their 140 GHz flux densities. All of these galaxies are steep-spectrum radio sources and they are found preferentially in the cool-core clusters within our sample. In particular, 11 of the 12 brightest cluster-member radio sources are associated with cool-core systems. Although none of the individual galaxies are robustly detected in the Bolocam data, the ensemble-average flux density at 140 GHz is consistent with, but slightly lower than, the extrapolation from lower frequencies assuming a constant spectral index. In addition, our data indicate an intrinsic scatter of {approx_equal} 30% around the power-law extrapolated flux densities at 140 GHz, although our data do not tightly constrain this scatter. For our cluster sample, which is composed of high-mass and moderate-redshift systems, we find that the maximum fractional change in the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich signal integrated over any single cluster due to the presence of these radio sources is {approx_equal} 20%, and only {approx_equal} 1/4 of the clusters show a fractional change of more than 1%. The amount of contamination is strongly dependent on cluster morphology, and nearly all of the clusters with {>=}1% contamination are cool-core systems. This result indicates that radio contamination is not significant compared with current noise levels in 140 GHz images of massive clusters and is in good agreement with the level of radio contamination found in previous results based on lower frequency data or simulations.

Sayers, J.; Mroczkowski, T.; Czakon, N. G.; Golwala, S. R.; Downes, T. P.; Muchovej, S. J. C.; Siegel, S. [Division of Physics, Math, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)] [Division of Physics, Math, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Mantz, A. [Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)] [Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Ameglio, S.; Pierpaoli, E.; Shitanishi, J. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 (United States); Koch, P. M.; Lin, K.-Y.; Umetsu, K. [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Molnar, S. M. [LeCosPA Center, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)] [LeCosPA Center, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Moustakas, L., E-mail: jack@caltech.edu [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

355

Effects of $?$-cluster breaking on 3$?$ cluster structures in $^{12}$C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To clarify the effects of $\\alpha$-cluster breaking on 3$\\alpha$ cluster structures in $^{12}$C, we investigate $^{12}$C using a hybrid model that combines the Brink-Bloch cluster model with the $p_{3/2}$ subshell closure wave function. We have found that $\\alpha$-cluster breaking caused by spin-orbit force significantly changes cluster structures of excited $0^{+}$ states through orthogonality to lower states. Spatially developed cluster components of the $0^{+}_{2}$ state are reduced. The $0^{+}_{3}$ state changes from a vibration mode in the bending motion of three $\\alpha$ clusters to a chain-like 3$\\alpha$ structure having an open triangle configuration. As a result of these structure changes of $0^{+}$ states, the band assignment for the $2^{+}_{2}$ state is changed by the $\\alpha$-cluster breaking effect. Namely, in model calculations without the $\\alpha$-cluster breaking effect, the $0^{+}_{2}$ state is assigned to be the band-head of the $2^{+}_{2}$ state. However, when we incorporate $\\alpha$-cluster breaking caused by the spin-orbit force, the $0^{+}_{3}$ state is regarded as the band-head of the $2^{+}_{2}$ state.

Tadahiro Suhara; Yoshiko Kanada-En'yo

2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

356

New Candidate Massive Clusters from 2MASS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive stars are important for the evolution of the interstellar medium. The detailed study of their properties (such as mass loss, rotation, magnetic fields) is enormously facilitated by samples of these objects in young massive galactic star clusters. Using 2MASS we have searched for so far unknown candidates of red supergiant clusters along the Galactic Plane. Utilising deep high resolution UKIDSS GPS and VISTA VVV data to study colour-magnitude diagrams, we uncover six new massive cluster candidates in the inner Galaxy. If spectroscopically confirmed as real clusters, two of them could be part of the Scutum-Complex. One cluster candidate has a number of potential red supergiant members comparable to RSGC1 and 3. Our investigation of UKIDSS data reveals for the first time the main sequence of the massive cluster RSGC2. The stars of the sequence show an increased projected density at the same position as the known red supergiants in the cluster and have E(J-K)=1.6mag. This either indicates an unusual extin...

Froebrich, D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The Formation History of Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of old globular cluster systems in galaxy halos are used to infer quantitative constraints on aspects of generic star (cluster) formation. First, the spatial distribution of globulars in three large galaxies, together with trends in total cluster population vs. galaxy luminosity for 97 early-type systems plus the halo of the Milky Way, imply that bound stellar clusters formed with a universal efficiency throughout early protogalaxies: by mass, always 0.26% of star-forming gas was converted into globulars rather than halo field stars. That this fraction is so robust in the face of extreme variations in local and global galaxy environment suggests that any parcel of gas needs primarily to exceed a relative density threshold in order to form a bound cluster of stars. Second, it is shown that a strict, empirical scaling of total binding energy with luminosity and Galactocentric position is a defining equation for a fundamental plane of Galactic globular clusters. The characteristics of this plane, which subsumes all other observable correlations between the structural parameters of globulars, provide a small but complete set of facts that must be explained by theories of cluster formation and evolution in the Milky Way. It is suggested that the E_b(L,r_{\\rm gc}) relation specifically resulted from star formation efficiencies having been systematically higher inside more massive protoglobular gas clumps.

Dean E. McLaughlin

2000-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

358

Near-Infrared Observations of Globular Clusters in NGC 4472, NGC 4594, NGC 3585 and NGC 5813 and Implications for their Ages and Metallicities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present near-infrared photometry of the globular cluster systems of the early-type galaxies NGC 4472, NGC 4594, NGC 3585, and NGC 5813. We combine these near-infrared data, obtained with PANIC at the Magellan Baade 6.5m telescope, with archival optical HST and FORS/VLT data, and use the optical to near-infrared colors to constrain the ages and metallicities of the globular clusters around the target galaxies. For NGC 4472 we have the most extensive near-infrared and optical photometric dataset. These colors show that the NGC 4472 globular cluster system has a broad metallicity distribution and that the clusters are predominantly old (i.e. ages of about 10 Gyr or more). This result agrees well with earlier spectroscopic work on NGC 4472, and is evidence that the combination of optical to near-infrared colors can identify predominantly old systems and distinguish these from systems with a substantial intermediate age component. Based on the smaller sample of combined optical and near-infrared data NGC 4594 and NGC 3585 appear to have predominantly old globular cluster systems, while that of NGC 5813 may have a more significant age spread. We also match our sample of globular clusters with near-infrared and optical photometry to Chandra X-ray source detections in these galaxies, and discuss how the probability that a globular cluster hosts a low-mass X-ray binary depends on metallicity and age.

Maren Hempel; Steve Zepf; Arunav Kundu; Doug Geisler; Thomas J. Maccarone

2007-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

359

Online Spectral Clustering on Network Streams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.3.1 First Order Approximation (FOA) Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 7.3.2 Eigen Perturbation Theory Based Approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 7.3.2.1 General Eigen Perturbation Theory (GEPT) Approach . . . 111 7.3.2.2 Enhanced Eigen Perturbation... of an evolving graph with two snapshots . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 7.2 The clustering results of the evolving graph in Figure 7.1 by using SC-FOA . 110 xi 7.3 The clustering results of the evolving graph in Figure 7.1 by using FOA . . . 111 7.4 The clustering...

Jia, Yi

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

360

X-ray Spectroscopy of Cooling Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the X-ray spectra of the cores of clusters of galaxies. Recent high resolution X-ray spectroscopic observations have demonstrated a severe deficit of emission at the lowest X-ray temperatures as compared to that expected from simple radiative cooling models. The same observations have provided compelling evidence that the gas in the cores is cooling below half the maximum temperature. We review these results, discuss physical models of cooling clusters, and describe the X-ray instrumentation and analysis techniques used to make these observations. We discuss several viable mechanisms designed to cancel or distort the expected process of X-ray cluster cooling.

J. R. Peterson; A. C. Fabian

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Surface Water Management Areas (Virginia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This legislation establishes surface water management areas, geographically defined surface water areas in which the State Water Control Board has deemed the levels or supply of surface water to be...

362

Probability-density function for energy perturbations of isolated optical pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probability-density function for energy perturbations of isolated optical pulses C. J. Mc to determine the probability-density function (PDF) for noise-induced energy perturbations of isolated (solitary) optical pulses in fiber communication systems. The analytical formula is consistent

Lakoba, Taras I.

363

Probably the best simple PID tuning rules in the world Sigurd Skogestad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probably the best simple PID tuning rules in the world Sigurd Skogestad #3; Department of Chemical This is the version distributed at the meeting where the ZN-PID tunings (probably incorrectly) are assumed to be given PID tuning rules of Rivera, Morari and Skogestad (1986) which have achieved widespread industrial

Skogestad, Sigurd

364

Beta oscillations correlate with the probability of perceiving rivalrous visual stimuli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beta oscillations correlate with the probability of perceiving rivalrous visual stimuli Department large changes in power in the beta range (14­30 Hz) at the time of a perceptual switch. More importantly, during a stable perception, beta power correlates with the probability of a perception. Specifically

365

Statistical mechanical theory for steady state systems. V. Nonequilibrium probability density  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical mechanical theory for steady state systems. V. Nonequilibrium probability density Phil is shown to be much more efficient for the thermal conductivity of a Lennard-Jones fluid than the Green probability densities for hydrodynamic transport, for time-dependent mechanical work, and for nonequilibrium

Attard, Phil

366

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 62, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2014 699 Outage Probability in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transform of a cumulative distribution and (ii) a reference link power gain-based framework which exploits the distribution of the fading power gain between the reference transmitter and receiver. The outage probability the outage probability at any location inside either a disk or polygon region. The analysis illustrates

Zhou, Xiangyun "Sean"

367

Recalculated probability of M !!!!!! 7 earthquakes beneath the Sea of Marmara, Turkey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recalculated probability of M !!!!!! 7 earthquakes beneath the Sea of Marmara, Turkey Tom Parsons U); KEYWORDS: earthquake probability, Sea of Marmara, seismic hazard, Turkey, stress interaction, North of Marmara, Turkey, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B05304, doi:10.1029/2003JB002667. 1. Introduction [2] The North

368

Microstructure of two-phase random media. I. The n-point probability functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department ofMechanical Engineering. General Motors Institute. Flint. Michigan 48502 G. Stell Departments ofMechanical Engineering and Chemistry. State University ofNew York at Stony Brook. Stony Brook. New York 11794 (Received be characterized by a set of general n -point probability functions, which give the probability of finding

Torquato, Salvatore

369

Proceedings of the First International Conference on Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Logic, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability and Statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Papers on neutrosophy (a generalization of dialectics), on neutrosophic logic, set, probability and statistics (generalizations of fuzzy logic, fuzzy set, and imprecise probability respectively), by Florentin Smarandache, Jean Dezert, S. Bhattacharya, Andrzej Buller, M. Khoshnevisan, S. Singh, Feng Liu, Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina, Chris Lucas, and C. Gershenson.

Florentin Smarandache; Jean Dezert; S. Bhattacharya; Andrzej Buller; M. Khoshnevisan; S. Singh; Feng Liu; Gh. C. Dinulescu-Campina; Chris Lucas; C. Gershenson

2003-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

370

Electrical Estimation of Conditional Probability for Maximum-likelihood Based PMD Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Xi, Tulay Adali, and John Zweck Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering UniversityElectrical Estimation of Conditional Probability for Maximum-likelihood Based PMD Mitigation Wenze probability density functions in the presence of both all-order PMD and ASE noise are estimated electronically

Zweck, John

371

LES/probability density function approach for the simulation of an ethanol spray flame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LES/probability density function approach for the simulation of an ethanol spray flame Colin Heye a an experimental pilot-stabilized ethanol spray flame. In this particular flame, droplet evaporation occurs away: Large-eddy simulation; Probability density function; Flamelet/progress variable approach; Ethanol

Raman, Venkat

372

The transition probability and the probability for the left-most particle's position of the q-totally asymmetric zero range process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We treat the N-particle zero range process whose jumping rates satisfy a certain condition. This condition is required to use the Bethe ansatz and the resulting model is the q-boson model by Sasamoto and Wadati [Exact results for one-dimensional totally asymmetric diffusion models, J. Phys. A 31, 60576071 (1998)] or the q-totally asymmetric zero range process (TAZRP) by Borodin and Corwin [Macdonald processes, Probab. Theory Relat. Fields (to be published)]. We find the explicit formula of the transition probability of the q-TAZRP via the Bethe ansatz. By using the transition probability we find the probability distribution of the left-most particle's position at time t. To find the probability for the left-most particle's position we find a new identity corresponding to identity for the asymmetric simple exclusion process by Tracy and Widom [Integral formulas for the asymmetric simple exclusion process, Commun. Math. Phys. 279, 815844 (2008)]. For the initial state that all particles occupy a single site, the probability distribution of the left-most particle's position at time t is represented by the contour integral of a determinant.

Korhonen, Marko [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014 (Finland)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014 (Finland); Lee, Eunghyun [Centre de Recherches Mathmatiques (CRM), Universit de Montral, Quebec H3C 3J7 (Canada)] [Centre de Recherches Mathmatiques (CRM), Universit de Montral, Quebec H3C 3J7 (Canada)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Update: NGA Cluster Policy Academy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

group identifies focus area for first 1-2 years of effort: Clean Technology sectors Workforce, Policy: Clean technology workshop brings together industry representatives and leadership from multiple state, Regulatory and Infrastructure needs #12;8 Strategic Focus Sustainable clean energy · energy efficiency · wind

374

Communication in Home Area Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

used in area like smart buildings, street light controls andbuilding. This section focuses on HAN design to address two smart

Wang, Yubo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Constraining globular cluster formation through studies of young massive clusters - V. ALMA observations of clusters in the Antennae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some formation scenarios that have been put forward to explain multiple populations within Globular Clusters (GCs) require that the young massive cluster have large reservoirs of cold gas within them, which is necessary to form future generations of stars. In this paper we use deep observations taken with Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) to assess the amount of molecular gas within 3 young (50-200 Myr) massive (~10^6 Msun) clusters in the Antennae galaxies. No significant CO(3--2) emission was found associated with any of the three clusters. We place upper limits for the molecular gas within these clusters of ~1x10^5 Msun (or <9 % of the current stellar mass). We briefly review different scenarios that propose multiple episodes of star formation and discuss some of their assumptions and implications. Our results are in tension with the predictions of GC formation scenarios that expect large reservoirs of cool gas within young massive clusters at these ages.

Cabrera-Ziri, I; Longmore, S N; Brogan, C; Hollyhead, K; Larsen, S S; Whitmore, B; Johnson, K; Chandar, R; Henshaw, J D; Davies, B; Hibbard, J E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Energy-and Area-Efficient Architectures through Application Clustering and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications is a promising approach to yield highly energy-efficient designs for embedded systems. This work

Brooks, David

377

Multivariate Normal Tissue Complication Probability Modeling of Heart Valve Dysfunction in Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To establish a multivariate normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) model for radiation-induced asymptomatic heart valvular defects (RVD). Methods and Materials: Fifty-six patients treated with sequential chemoradiation therapy for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) were retrospectively reviewed for RVD events. Clinical information along with whole heart, cardiac chambers, and lung dose distribution parameters was collected, and the correlations to RVD were analyzed by means of Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (Rs). For the selection of the model order and parameters for NTCP modeling, a multivariate logistic regression method using resampling techniques (bootstrapping) was applied. Model performance was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: When we analyzed the whole heart, a 3-variable NTCP model including the maximum dose, whole heart volume, and lung volume was shown to be the optimal predictive model for RVD (Rs = 0.573, P<.001, AUC = 0.83). When we analyzed the cardiac chambers individually, for the left atrium and for the left ventricle, an NTCP model based on 3 variables including the percentage volume exceeding 30 Gy (V30), cardiac chamber volume, and lung volume was selected as the most predictive model (Rs = 0.539, P<.001, AUC = 0.83; and Rs = 0.557, P<.001, AUC = 0.82, respectively). The NTCP values increase as heart maximum dose or cardiac chambers V30 increase. They also increase with larger volumes of the heart or cardiac chambers and decrease when lung volume is larger. Conclusions: We propose logistic NTCP models for RVD considering not only heart irradiation dose but also the combined effects of lung and heart volumes. Our study establishes the statistical evidence of the indirect effect of lung size on radio-induced heart toxicity.

Cella, Laura, E-mail: laura.cella@cnr.it [Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, National Council of Research, Naples (Italy); Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University School of Medicine, Naples (Italy); Liuzzi, Raffaele; Conson, Manuel [Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, National Council of Research, Naples (Italy); Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University School of Medicine, Naples (Italy); DAvino, Vittoria [Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, National Council of Research, Naples (Italy); Salvatore, Marco [Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University School of Medicine, Naples (Italy); Pacelli, Roberto [Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, National Council of Research, Naples (Italy); Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University School of Medicine, Naples (Italy)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy ORNL has a 40-year history in R&D on fiber-reinforced composite materials, and has been leading DOE's low-cost carbon fiber initiative for more than...

379

1 Globular Cluster Systems William E. Harris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Globular Cluster Systems William E. Harris Department of Physics & Astronomy, McMaster University; 2 W. E. Harris 7. The GCLF is evaluated as a standard candle for distance determination. For giant E

Harris, William E.

380

UCD Candidates in the Hydra Cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NGC 3311, the giant cD galaxy in the Hydra cluster (A1060), has one of the largest globular cluster systems known. We describe new Gemini GMOS (g',i') photometry of the NGC 3311 field which reveals that the red, metal-rich side of its globular cluster population extends smoothly upward into the mass range associated with the new class of Ultra-Compact Dwarfs (UCDs). We identify 29 UCD candidates with estimated masses > 6x10^6 solar masses and discuss their characteristics. This UCD-like sequence is the most well defined one yet seen, and reinforces current ideas that the high-mass end of the globular cluster sequence merges continuously into the UCD sequence, which connects in turn to the E galaxy structural sequence.

Elizabeth Wehner; William Harris

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

NGC 7789: AN OPEN CLUSTER CASE STUDY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have obtained high-resolution spectra of 32 giants in the open cluster NGC 7789 using the WisconsinIndianaYaleNOAO Hydra spectrograph. We explore differences in atmospheric parameters and elemental abundances caused ...

Overbeek, Jamie C.

382

The globular cluster system of M31  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This review presents the current status of our knowledge of M31 star clusters. Given the broadness of the subject, I chose to focus on some of its aspects which are not covered by the other participants in this conference.

P. Jablonka

2001-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

383

Flagship Cluster Hiring Initiative Computational Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flagship Cluster Hiring Initiative Computational Science: Advancing Research, Society and the Economy Gabrielle Allen (PI) Thomas Sterling (Presenter/co-PI) Department of Computer Science Center for Computation & Technology #12;Computational Science: Advancing Research, Society and the Economy, External

Allen, Gabrielle

384

Gravitational clustering in Static and Expanding Backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A brief summary of several topics in the study of gravitational many body problem is given. The discussion covers both static backgrounds (applicable to astrophysical systems) as well as clustering in an expanding background (relevant for cosmology)

T. Padmanabhan

2003-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

385

Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Cold Hydrated Sulfate Clusters...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sulfate clusters SO42-(H2O)n (n ) 4-7) at 12 K and ab initio studies to understand the structures and dynamics of these unique solvated systems. A significant increase of...

386

Radial Alignment in Simulated Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observational evidence for the radial alignment of satellites with their dark matter host has been accumulating steadily in the past few years. The effect is seen over a wide range of scales, from massive clusters of galaxies down to galaxy-sized systems, yet the underlying physical mechanism has still not been established. To this end, we have carried out a detailed analysis of the shapes and orientations of dark matter substructures in high-resolution N-body cosmological simulations. We find a strong tendency for radial alignment of the substructure with its host halo: the distribution of halo major axes is very anisotropic, with the majority pointing towards the center of mass of the host. The alignment peaks once the sub-halo has passed the virial radius of the host for the first time, but is not subsequently diluted, even after the halos have gone through as many as four pericentric passages. This evidence points to the existence of a very rapid dynamical mechanism acting on these systems and we argue that tidal torquing throughout their orbits is the most likely candidate.

Maria J. Pereira; Greg L. Bryan; Stuart P. D. Gill

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

387

The richness dependence of galaxy cluster correlations: Results from a redshift survey of rich APM clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyse the spatial clustering properties of a new catalogue of very rich galaxy clusters selected from the APM Galaxy Survey. These clusters are of comparable richness and space density to Abell Richness Class $\\geq 1$ clusters, but selected using an objective algorithm from a catalogue demonstrably free of artificial inhomogeneities. Evaluation of the two-point correlation function $\\xi_{cc}(r)$ for the full sample and for richer subsamples reveals that the correlation amplitude is consistent with that measured for lower richness APM clusters and X-ray selected clusters. We apply a maxmimum likelihood estimator to find the best fitting slope and amplitude of a power law fit to $\\xi_{cc}(r)$, and to estimate the correlation length $r_{0}$ (the value of $r$ at which $\\xi_{cc}(r)$ is equal to unity). For clusters with a mean space density of $1.6\\times 10^{-6}\\hmpccc$ (equivalent to the space density of Abell Richness $\\geq 2$ clusters), we find $r_{0}=21.3^{+11.1}_{-9.3} \\hmpc$ (95% confidence limits). This is consistent with the weak richness dependence of $\\xi_{cc}(r)$ expected in Gaussian models of structure formation. In particular, the amplitude of $\\xi_{cc}(r)$ at all richnesses matches that of $\\xi_{cc}(r)$ for clusters selected in N-Body simulations of a low density Cold Dark Matter model.

Rupert A. C. Croft; Gavin B. Dalton; George Efstathiou; Will Sutherland; Steve Maddox

1997-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

388

Neutrinos and Gamma Rays from Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The next generation of neutrino and gamma-ray detectors should provide new insights into the creation and propagation of high-energy protons within galaxy clusters, probing both the particle physics of cosmic rays interacting with the background medium and the mechanisms for high-energy particle production within the cluster. In this paper we examine the possible detection of gamma-rays (via the GLAST satellite) and neutrinos (via the ICECUBE and Auger experiments) from the Coma cluster of galaxies, as well as for the gamma-ray bright clusters Abell 85, 1758, and 1914. These three were selected from their possible association with unidentified EGRET sources, so it is not yet entirely certain that their gamma-rays are indeed produced diffusively within the intracluster medium, as opposed to AGNs. It is not obvious why these inconspicuous Abell-clusters should be the first to be seen in gamma-rays, but a possible reason is that all of them show direct evidence of recent or ongoing mergers. Their identification with the EGRET gamma-ray sources is also supported by the close correlation between their radio and (purported) gamma-ray fluxes. Under favorable conditions (including a proton spectral index of 2.5 in the case of Abell 85, and sim 2.3 for Coma, and Abell 1758 and 1914), we expect ICECUBE to make as many as 0.3 neutrino detections per year from the Coma cluster of galaxies, and as many as a few per year from the Abell clusters 85, 1758, and 1914. Also, Auger may detect as many as 2 events per decade at ~ EeV energies from these gamma-ray bright clusters.

Brandon Wolfe; Fulvio Melia; Roland M. Crocker; Raymond R. Volkas

2008-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

389

Contribution of White Dwarfs to Cluster Masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present a literature search through 31 July 1997 of white dwarfs (WDs) in open and globular clusters. There are 36 single WDs and 5 WDs in binaries known among 13 open clusters, and 340 single WDs and 11 WDs in binaries known among 11 globular clusters. From these data I have calculated WD mass fractions for four open clusters (the Pleiades, NGC 2168, NGC 3532, and the Hyades) and one globular cluster (NGC 6121). I develop a simple model of cluster evolution that incorporates stellar evolution but not dynamical evolution to interpret the WD mass fractions. I augment the results of my simple model with N-body simulations incorporating stellar evolution (Terlevich 1987; de la Feunte Marcos 1996; Vesperini & Heggie 1997). I find that even though these clusters undergo moderate to strong kinematical evolution the WD mass fraction is relatively insensitive to kinematical evolution. By comparing the cluster mass functions to that of the Galactic disk, and incorporating plausibility arguments for the mass function of the Galactic halo, I estimate the WD mass fraction in these two populations. I assume the Galactic disk is ~10 Gyrs old (Winget et al. 1987; Liebert, Dahn, & Monet 1988; Oswalt et al. 1996) and that the Galactic halo is ~12 Gyrs old (Reid 1997b; Gratton et al. 1997; Chaboyer et al. 1998), although the WD mass fraction is insensitive to age in this range. I find that the Galactic halo should contain 8 to 9% (alpha = -2.35) or perhaps as much as 15 to 17% (alpha = -2.0) of its stellar mass in the form of WDs. The Galactic disk WD mass fraction should be 6 to 7% (alpha = -2.35), consistent with the empirical estimates of 3 to 7% (Liebert, Dahn, & Monet 1988; Oswalt et al. 1996). (abridged)

Ted von Hippel

1998-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

390

The Efficiency of Globular Cluster Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Abridged): The total populations of globular cluster systems (GCSs) are discussed in terms of their connection to the efficiency of globular cluster formation---the mass fraction of star-forming gas that was able to form bound stellar clusters rather than isolated stars or unbound associations---in galaxy halos. Observed variations in GCS specific frequencies (S_N=N_gc/L_gal), both as a function of galactocentric radius in individual systems and globally between entire galaxies, are reviewed in this light. It is argued that trends in S_N do not reflect any real variation in the underlying efficiency of cluster formation; rather, they result from ignoring the hot gas in many large ellipticals. This claim is checked and confirmed in each of M87, M49, and NGC 1399, for which existing data are combined to show that the volume density profile of globular clusters, rho_cl, is directly proportional to the sum of (rho_gas+rho_stars) at large radii. The constant of proportionality is the same in each case: epsilon=0.0026 +/- 0.0005 in the mean. This is identified with the globular cluster formation efficiency. The implication that epsilon might have had a universal value is supported by data on the GCSs of 97 early-type galaxies, on the GCS of the Milky Way, and on the ongoing formation of open clusters. These results have specific implications for some issues in GCS and galaxy formation, and they should serve as a strong constraint on more general theories of star and cluster formation.

Dean E. McLaughlin

1999-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

391

Accelerating semantic graph databases on commodity clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are developing a full software system for accelerating semantic graph databases on commodity cluster that scales to hundreds of nodes while maintaining constant query throughput. Our framework comprises a SPARQL to C++ compiler, a library of parallel graph methods and a custom multithreaded runtime layer, which provides a Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programming model with fork/join parallelism and automatic load balancing over a commodity clusters. We present preliminary results for the compiler and for the runtime.

Morari, Alessandro; Castellana, Vito G.; Haglin, David J.; Feo, John T.; Weaver, Jesse R.; Tumeo, Antonino; Villa, Oreste

2013-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

392

An object-oriented cluster search algorithm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we describe two object-oriented cluster search algorithms, which can be applied to a network of an arbitrary structure. First algorithm calculates all connected clusters, whereas the second one finds a path with the minimal number of connections. We estimate the complexity of the algorithm and infer that the number of operations has linear growth with respect to the size of the network.

Silin, Dmitry; Patzek, Tad

2003-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

393

Nested Cluster Algorithm for Frustrated Quantum Antiferromagnets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulations of frustrated quantum antiferromagnets suffer from a severe sign problem. We solve the ergodicity problem of the loop-cluster algorithm in a natural way and apply a powerful strategy to address the sign problem. For the spin 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a kagome and on a frustrated square lattice, a nested cluster algorithm eliminates the sign problem for large systems. The method is applicable to general lattice geometries but limited to moderate temperatures.

M. Nyfeler; F. -J. Jiang; F. Kmpfer; U. -J. Wiese

2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

394

Clustering and Inconsistent Information: A Kernelization Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLUSTERING AND INCONSISTENT INFORMATION: A KERNELIZATION APPROACH A Dissertation by YIXIN CAO Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY... May 2012 Major Subject: Computer Science CLUSTERING AND INCONSISTENT INFORMATION: A KERNELIZATION APPROACH A Dissertation by YIXIN CAO Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements...

Cao, Yixin

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

395

Free floating planets in stellar clusters?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have simulated encounters between planetary systems and single stars in various clustered environments. This allows us to estimate the fraction of systems liberated, the velocity distribution of the liberated planets, and the separation and eccentricity distributions of the surviving bound systems. Our results indicate that, for an initial distribution of orbits that is flat in log space and extends out to 50AU, 50% of the available planets can be liberated in a globular cluster, 25% in an open cluster, and less than 10% in a young cluster. These fractions are reduced to 25%, 12% and 2% if the initial population extends only to 20AU. Furthermore, these free-floating planets can be retained for longer than a crossing time only in a massive globular cluster. It is therefore difficult to see how planets, which by definition form in a disc around a young star, could be subsequently liberated to form a significant population of free floating substellar objects in a cluster.

Kester W. Smith; Ian A. Bonnell

2001-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

396

Feedback from Clustered Sources During Reionization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reionization history of the intergalactic medium (IGM) at high redshift (z > 6) was likely strongly shaped by several global feedback processes. Because the earliest ionizing sources formed at the locations of the rare density peaks, their spatial distribution was strongly clustered. Here we demonstrate that this clustering significantly boosts the impact of feedback processes operating at high redshift. We build a semi-analytical model to include feedback and clustering simultaneously, and apply this model to the suppression of star-formation in minihalos due to photoionization. The model is built on the excursion-set-based formalism of Furlanetto, Zaldarriaga and Hernquist (2004), which incorporates the clustering of ionizing sources, and which we here extend to include suppression of star formation in minihalos. We find that clustering increases the mean HII bubble size by a factor of several, and it dramatically increases the fraction of minihalos that are suppressed, by a factor of up to 60 relative to a randomly distributed population. This enhanced suppression can significantly reduce the electron scattering optical depth, as required by the three-year data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP). We argue that source clustering is likely to similarly boost the importance of a variety of other feedback mechanisms.

Roban Hultman Kramer; Zoltan Haiman; S. Peng Oh

2006-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

397

Fire Hazards Analysis for the 200 Area Interim Storage Area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This documents the Fire Hazards Analysis (FHA) for the 200 Area Interim Storage Area. The Interim Storage Cask, Rad-Vault, and NAC-1 Cask are analyzed for fire hazards and the 200 Area Interim Storage Area is assessed according to HNF-PRO-350 and the objectives of DOE Order 5480 7A. This FHA addresses the potential fire hazards associated with the Interim Storage Area (ISA) facility in accordance with the requirements of DOE Order 5480 7A. It is intended to assess the risk from fire to ensure there are no undue fire hazards to site personnel and the public and to ensure property damage potential from fire is within acceptable limits. This FHA will be in the form of a graded approach commensurate with the complexity of the structure or area and the associated fire hazards.

JOHNSON, D.M.

2000-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

398

(Electronic structure and reactivities of transition metal clusters)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following are reported: theoretical calculations (configuration interaction, relativistic effective core potentials, polyatomics, CASSCF); proposed theoretical studies (clusters of Cu, Ag, Au, Ni, Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru; transition metal cluster ions; transition metal carbide clusters; bimetallic mixed transition metal clusters); reactivity studies on transition metal clusters (reactivity with H{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, hydrocarbons; NO and CO chemisorption on surfaces). Computer facilities and codes to be used, are described. 192 refs, 13 figs.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A COMPARISON OF FUZZY AND NON-FUZZY CLUSTERING TECHNIQUES IN CANCER DIAGNOSIS X. Y. Wang J. M. Garibaldi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a multivariate analysis technique widely adopted in medical diagnosis studies and pattern recognition areasA COMPARISON OF FUZZY AND NON-FUZZY CLUSTERING TECHNIQUES IN CANCER DIAGNOSIS X. Y. Wang J. M. Garibaldi The University of Nottingham ABSTRACT In this paper, we apply K-means and Fuzzy C-Means, two

Aickelin, Uwe

400

The 2013 Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures Gordon Research Conference/Gordon Research Seminar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fundamental properties of small particles and their potential for groundbreaking applications are among the most exciting areas of study in modern physics, chemistry, and materials science. The Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures Gordon ResearchConference and Gordon Research Seminar synthesize contributions from these inter-related fields that reflect the pivotal role of nano-particles at the interface between these disciplines. Size-dependent optical, electronic, magnetic and catalytic properties offer prospects for applications in many fields, and possible solutions for many of the grand challenges facing energy generation, consumption, delivery, and storage in the 21st century. The goal of the 2013 Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures Gordon Research Conference and Gordon Research Seminar is to continue the historical interdisciplinary tradition of this series and discuss the most recent advances, basic scientific questions, and emerging applications of clusters, nanocrystals, and nanostructures. The Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures GRC/GRS traditionally brings together the leading scientific groups that have made significant recent advances in one or more fundamental nanoscience or nanotechnology areas. Broad interests of the DOE BES and Solar Photochemistry Program addressed by this meeting include the areas of solar energy to fuels conversion, new photovoltaic systems, fundamental characterization of nanomaterials, magnetism, catalysis, and quantum physics. The vast majority of speakers and attendees will address either directly the topic of nanotechnology for photoinduced charge transfer, charge transport, and catalysis, or will have made significant contributions to related areas that will impact these fields indirectly. These topics have direct relevance to the mission of the DOE BES since it is this cutting-edge basic science that underpins our energy future.

Krauss, Todd D. [University of Rochester

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Probability of initiation and extinction in the Mercury Monte Carlo code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Monte Carlo method for computing the probability of initiation has previously been implemented in Mercury. Recently, a new method based on the probability of extinction has been implemented as well. The methods have similarities from counting progeny to cycling in time, but they also have differences such as population control and statistical uncertainty reporting. The two methods agree very well for several test problems. Since each method has advantages and disadvantages, we currently recommend that both methods are used to compute the probability of criticality. (authors)

McKinley, M. S.; Brantley, P. S. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Keck Spectroscopy of Globular Clusters in the Virgo Cluster Dwarf Elliptical VCC 1386  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of a Keck spectroscopic study of globular clusters associated with the Virgo Cluster dwarf elliptical VCC 1386. We analyze blue spectroscopic absorption lines from 3500-5500 A for 13 globular cluster candidates and confirm that five are associated with VCC 1386. By comparing metal and Balmer line indices of these globular clusters with alpha-enhanced single stellar population models we find that these systems are metal poor with [Fe/H] 5 Gyr at 3 sigma confidence, placing their formation at z >1. This is one of the first spectroscopic studies of globular clusters surrounding dwarfs in a cluster, revealing that some low mass galaxies in rich environments form at least part of their stellar mass early in the history of the universe. We further find that the luminosity weighted stellar population of VCC 1386 itself is younger, and more metal rich than its globular clusters, consistent with (V-I)_0 colors from Hubble Space Telescope imaging. This implies that VCC 1386, like Local Group dEs, has had multiple episodes of star formation. Globular clusters associated with low luminosity systems however appear to be roughly as old as those associated with giant galaxies, contrary to the `downsizing' formation of their bulk stellar populations.

Christopher J. Conselice

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

FT-ICR ,,,Carbon Clusters and Metal/Carbon Binary Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

60 70 80 720 760 800 Ion Mass [amu] ScC60 + C64 + Number of Carbon Atoms Intensity(arb.units) ScC60FT-ICR ,?,æ,éCarbon Clusters and Metal/Carbon Binary Clusters ·>Í­ì·³"¹1 ·C Masamichi Kohno1 , Tetsuya

Maruyama, Shigeo

404

Magnetospheric line radiation event observed simultaneously on board Cluster 1, Cluster 2 and DEMETER spacecraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be related to power line harmonic radiation (PLHR, an electromagnetic radiation from electric power systemsMagnetospheric line radiation event observed simultaneously on board Cluster 1, Cluster 2., O. Santolk, M. Parrot, and J. S. Pickett (2012), Magnetospheric line radiation event observed

Santolik, Ondrej

405

Transition properties from the Hermitian formulation of the coupled cluster polarization propagator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theory of one-electron transition density matrices has been formulated within the time-independent coupled cluster method for the polarization propagator [R. Moszynski, P. S. ?uchowski, and B. Jeziorski, Coll. Czech. Chem. Commun. 70, 1109 (2005)]. Working expressions have been obtained and implemented with the coupled cluster method limited to single, double, and linear triple excitations (CC3). Selected dipole and quadrupole transition probabilities of the alkali earth atoms, computed with the new transition density matrices are compared to the experimental data. Good agreement between theory and experiment is found. The results obtained with the new approach are of the same quality as the results obtained with the linear response coupled cluster theory. The one-electron density matrices for the ground state in the CC3 approximation have also been implemented. The dipole moments for a few representative diatomic molecules have been computed with several variants of the new approach, and the results are discussed to choose the approximation with the best balance between the accuracy and computational efficiency.

Tucholska, Aleksandra M., E-mail: tuchol@tiger.chem.uw.edu.pl; Modrzejewski, Marcin; Moszynski, Robert [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

406

Merging and splitting of clusters in the electromagnetic calorimeter of the KLOE detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The work was carried out in the framework of the KLOE collaboration studying the decays of the phi meson produced in the DAFNE accelerator in the collisions of electron and positron. The main aim of this thesis was investigation of the influence of the merging and splitting of clusters in decays with the high multiplicity of gamma quanta, which are at most biased by these effects. For this aim we implemented the full geometry and realistic material composition of the barrel electromagnetic calorimeter in FLUKA package. The prepared Monte Carlo based simulation program permits to achieve a fast generation of the detector response separately for each interested reaction. The program was used to study the reconstruction efficiency with the KLOE clustering algorithm as a function of the photocathode quantum efficiency. It was also used to investigate merging and splitting probabilities as a function of the quantum efficiency. The conducted studies indicated that the increase of quantum efficiency does not improve significantly the identification of clusters. The influence of these effects was estimated for eta meson decays into 3 neutral pions and K_short meson into 2 neutral pions.

Jaroslaw Zdebik

2008-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

407

Error Analysis of Free Probability Approximations to the Density of States of Disordered Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical studies of localization, anomalous diffusion and ergodicity breaking require solving the electronic structure of disordered systems. We use free probability to approximate the ensemble-averaged density of states ...

Chen, Jiahao

408

Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an analytical inversion technique, which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call...

Stroahaber, James; Kolomenskii, A; Schuessler, Hans

2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

409

Knowledge and understanding of probability and statistics topics by preservice PK-8 teachers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Given the importance placed on probability and statistics in the PK-8 curriculum by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (2000) and on teachers by the Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (1995) and the Conference...

Carter, Tamara Anthony

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Joint probability safety assessment for NPP defense infrastructure against extreme external natural hazards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the increasing tendency of natural hazards, the typhoon, hurricane and tropical Cyclone induced surge, wave, precipitation, flood and wind as extreme external loads menacing Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) in coastal and inland provinces of China. For all of planned, designed And constructed NPP the National Nuclear Safety Administration of China and IAEA recommended Probable Maximum Hurricane /Typhoon/(PMH/T), Probable Maximum Storm Surge (PMSS), Probable Maximum Flood (PMF), Design Basis Flood (DBF) as safety regulations for NPP defense infrastructures. This paper discusses the joint probability analysis of simultaneous occurrence typhoon induced extreme external hazards and compare with IAEA 2006-2009 recommended safety regulation design criteria for some NPP defense infrastructures along China coast. (authors)

Guilin, L. [College of Engineering, Ocean Univ. ot China, Yushan Road No. 5, Qingdao 266003 (China); Defu, L. [Disaster Prevention Research Inst., Ocean Univ. ot China, Yushan Road No. 5, Qingdao 266003 (China); Huajun, L. [College of Engineering, Ocean Univ. ot China, Yushan Road No. 5, Qingdao 266003 (China); Fengqing, W. [Disaster Prevention Research Inst., Ocean Univ. of China, Songling Road No.238, Qingdao 266100 (China); Tao, Z. [College of Engineering, Ocean Univ. of China, Songling Road No.238, Qingdao 266100 (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

An Algorithm for Calculating the Probability of Classes of Data Patterns on a Genealogy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Felsensteins pruning algorithm allows one to calculate the probability of any particular data pattern arising on a phylogeny given a model of character evolution. Here we present a similar dynamic programming algorithm. ...

Koch, Jordan M.; Holder, Mark T.

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

412

On the evaluation of human error probabilities for post-initiating events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantification of human error probabilities (HEPs) for the purpose of human reliability assessment (HRA) is very complex. Because of this complexity, the state of the art includes a variety of HRA models, each with its own ...

Presley, Mary R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

On the probability of undetected error for overextended Reed-Solomon codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shortened binary CRC codes, in Proc. MILCOM 88, Oct. 1988,MacWilliams identity for linear codes, IEEE Trans. Inform.probability of linear codes, IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory,

Han, Junsheng S; Siegel, Paul H; Lee, Patrick

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Math 341 Probability and Statistical Inference Winter 2010 Instructor Dr. Amites Sarkar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Math 341 Probability and Statistical Inference Winter 2010 Instructor Dr. Amites Sarkar Text, Thursdays and Fridays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar

Sarkar, Amites

415

Math 341 Probability and Statistical Inference Summer 2009 Instructor Dr. Amites Sarkar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Math 341 Probability and Statistical Inference Summer 2009 Instructor Dr. Amites Sarkar Text, Wednesdays and Thursdays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar

Sarkar, Amites

416

E-Print Network 3.0 - annihilation probability density Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of a positron emitted from the origin annihilating at point... (mm) probability F18 N13 Cu61 Cu64 Fig. 1. Left ... Source: Leahy, Richard M. - Departments of Radiology &...

417

GALAXY CLUSTER BULK FLOWS AND COLLISION VELOCITIES IN QUMOND  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine the formation of clusters of galaxies in numerical simulations of a QUMOND cosmogony with massive sterile neutrinos. Clusters formed in these exploratory simulations develop higher velocities than those found in {Lambda}CDM simulations. The bulk motions of clusters attain {approx}1000 km s{sup -1} by low redshift, comparable to observations whereas {Lambda}CDM simulated clusters tend to fall short. Similarly, high pairwise velocities are common in cluster-cluster collisions like the Bullet Cluster. There is also a propensity for the most massive clusters to be larger in QUMOND and to appear earlier than in {Lambda}CDM, potentially providing an explanation for ''pink elephants'' like El Gordo. However, it is not obvious that the cluster mass function can be recovered.

Katz, Harley; McGaugh, Stacy; Teuben, Peter [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Angus, G. W., E-mail: hkatz@astro.umd.edu, E-mail: stacy.mcgaugh@case.edu, E-mail: teuben@astro.umd.edu, E-mail: angus.gz@gmail.com [Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

418

Use of soil moisture depletion models and rainfall probability in predicting the irrigation requirements of crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of precipitation events in estimating the probable success of his venture as related to the avail nb! lity of sufficient water resources precipitation is governed by chance phenomena, that is, there are so many causes at work that the influence of each cannot... depletion equations under optimum soil moisture conditions Recession constants Application of soil mcisture accounring model Irrigation requirements Retention relations Irrigation requirements distributions Raini'all probabilities Neekly rainfall...

David, Wilfredo P

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Confidence intervals for state probabilities of system capacity outages and for LOLP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONFID"NC. , INTERVALS FO- S'TATE PROBABILITIES OF SYSTEM CAPACITY OUTAGES AND FOR LOLP A Thcsi. , bv ATHANASIOS STASINOS Submi. tted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1974 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CONFIDENCE INTERVALS FOR STA1'E PROBABILITIES OF STSTEM CAPACITY OVTAGES AND FOR LOLP A Thesis by ATHANASIOS STASINOS Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

Stasinos, Athanasios

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Semi-empirical Probability Distributions and Their Application in Wave-Structure Interaction Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2010 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering SEMI-EMPIRICAL PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS AND THEIR APPLICATION IN WAVE-STRUCTURE INTERACTION PROBLEMS A... to accurately estimate the probability distribution of complex non-linear random variables in the field of wave- structure interaction. The structural form of the semi-empirical distribution is developed based on a mathematical representation of the process...

Izadparast, Amir Hossein

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Heating Rate Profiles in Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years evidence has accumulated suggesting that the gas in galaxy clusters is heated by non-gravitational processes. Here we calculate the heating rates required to maintain a physically motived mass flow rate, in a sample of seven galaxy clusters. We employ the spectroscopic mass deposition rates as an observational input along with temperature and density data for each cluster. On energetic grounds we find that thermal conduction could provide the necessary heating for A2199, Perseus, A1795 and A478. However, the suppression factor, of the clasical Spitzer value, is a different function of radius for each cluster. Based on the observations of plasma bubbles we also calculate the duty cycles for each AGN, in the absence of thermal conduction, which can provide the required energy input. With the exception of Hydra-A it appears that each of the other AGNs in our sample require duty cycles of roughly $10^{6}-10^{7}$ yrs to provide their steady-state heating requirements. If these duty cycles are unrealistic, this may imply that many galaxy clusters must be heated by very powerful Hydra-A type events interspersed between more frequent smaller-scale outbursts. The suppression factors for the thermal conductivity required for combined heating by AGN and thermal conduction are generally acceptable. However, these suppression factors still require `fine-tuning` of the thermal conductivity as a function of radius. As a consequence of this work we present the AGN duty cycle as a cooling flow diagnostic.

Edward C. D. Pope; Georgi Pavlovski; Christian R. Kaiser; Hans Fangohr

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

422

Detonation of Meta-stable Clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the energy accumulation in meta-stable clusters. This energy can be much larger than the typical chemical bond energy (~;;1 ev/atom). For example, polymeric nitrogen can accumulate 4 ev/atom in the N8 (fcc) structure, while helium can accumulate 9 ev/atom in the excited triplet state He2* . They release their energy by cluster fission: N8 -> 4N2 and He2* -> 2He. We study the locus of states in thermodynamic state space for the detonation of such meta-stable clusters. In particular, the equilibrium isentrope, starting at the Chapman-Jouguet state, and expanding down to 1 atmosphere was calculated with the Cheetah code. Large detonation pressures (3 and 16 Mbar), temperatures (12 and 34 kilo-K) and velocities (20 and 43 km/s) are a consequence of the large heats of detonation (6.6 and 50 kilo-cal/g) for nitrogen and helium clusters respectively. If such meta-stable clusters could be synthesized, they offer the potential for large increases in the energy density of materials.

Kuhl, Allen; Kuhl, Allen L.; Fried, Laurence E.; Howard, W. Michael; Seizew, Michael R.; Bell, John B.; Beckner, Vincent; Grcar, Joseph F.

2008-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

423

Globular Cluster Ages and Stromgren CCD Photometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stromgren uvby CCD photometry can be used in a variety of ways to constrain the absolute and relative ages of globular clusters. The reddening corrected (v-y, c1) diagram offers the means to derive ages that are completely independent of distance. Very precise differential ages for clusters of the same chemical composition may also be determined from such 2-color plots, or from measurements of the magnitude difference, Delta_u, between the subgiant and horizontal branches on the $u-y, u$ plane (where both of these features are flat and well-defined, even for clusters like M13 that have extremely blue HBs on the (B-V, V) diagram). Based on high-quality photometry we find that: (1) M92 is 15 Gyr old, (2) M3 and M13 differ in age by < 1 Gyr, and (3) NGC 288, NGC 362, and NGC 1851 are coeval to within ~1.5 Gyr. These results strongly suggest that age cannot be the only ``second parameter''. Finally, we suggest that the observed variations in c1 among giant branch stars in all the metal-poor clusters that we have studied so far are likely due to star-to-star C and N abundance variations, and potentially indicate that most (if not all) globular clusters have ``primordial'' variations in at least these elements.

Frank Grundahl

1999-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

424

Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry: From Cluster Ions to Toxic metal Ions in Biology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation focused on using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry to study cluster ions and toxic metal ions in biology. In Chapter 2, it was shown that primary, secondary and quarternary amines exhibit different clustering characteristics under identical instrument conditions. Carbon chain length also played a role in cluster ion formation. In Chapters 3 and 4, the effects of solvent types/ratios and various instrumental parameters on cluster ion formation were examined. It was found that instrument interface design also plays a critical role in the cluster ion distribution seen in the mass spectrum. In Chapter 5, ESI-MS was used to investigate toxic metal binding to the [Gln{sup 11}]-amyloid {beta}-protein fragment (1-16). Pb and Cd bound stronger than Zn, even in the presence of excess Zn. Hg bound weaker than Zn. There are endless options for future work on cluster ions. Any molecule that is poorly ionized in positive ion mode can potentially show an increase in ionization efficiency if an appropriate anion is used to produce a net negative charge. It is possible that drug protein or drug/DNA complexes can also be stabilized by adding counter-ions. This would preserve the solution characteristics of the complex in the gas phase. Once in the gas phase, CID could determine the drug binding location on the biomolecule. There are many research projects regarding toxic metals in biology that have yet to be investigated or even discovered. This is an area of research with an almost endless future because of the changing dynamics of biological systems. What is deemed safe today may show toxic effects in the future. Evolutionary changes in protein structures may render them more susceptible to toxic metal binding. As the understanding of toxicity evolves, so does the demand for new toxic metal research. New instrumentation designs and software make it possible to perform research that could not be done in the past. What was undetectable yesterday will become routine tomorrow.

Nicholas B. Lentz

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Evaluating geostatistical modeling of exceedance probability as the first step in disease cluster investigations: very low birth weights near toxic Texas sites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surrounding each of the toxic sites. Each x,y coordin- ate represented the centroid of a 1 km x 1 km pixel. For each of the i = 400 pixels, the number of cases (Y i ) was counted and the expected number of cases (E i ) was the product of the number of births..., over the 12-year study period and the overall expected morbidity ratio for VLBW. In some locations E i was zero because there were zero births, thus creating a structural zero. To accommodate the structural zeros, a zero-inflated Poisson, using a two...

Thompson, James A; Bissett, Wesley T; Sweeney, Anne M

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

426

Northwest Area Foundation Horizons Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Northwest Area Foundation Horizons Program Final Evaluation Report ­ Executive Summary Diane L by the Northwest Area Foundation in partnership with two national organizations and delivered by a number to remember that Horizons was not designed to reduce poverty, but instead to contribute to the Foundations

Amin, S. Massoud

427

Unscaled Scaled (% / km) Geographic Area /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

226 Unscaled Scaled (% / km) Geographic Area / Assessment Unit DI Prod. N(eq) Sum Total Cumu subbasin, Washington. Geographic Area / Assessment Unit IntegratedPriorityRestoration Category Habitat% (unscaled results) of the combined protection benefit for summer steelhead within the Methow basin, and 51

428

tight environment high radiation area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Irradiation Studies of Optical Components - II CERN, week of Oct. 24, 2005 1.4 GeV proton beam 4 x· tight environment · high radiation area · non-serviceable area · passive components · optics only, no active electronics · transmit image through flexible fiber bundle Optical Diagnostics 01-13-2006 1 #12

McDonald, Kirk

429

E-Print Network 3.0 - association studies clustering Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Three Document Clustering Algorithms: TreeCluster, Summary: with the TreeCluster algorithm. Usability studies will also shed light on what methods cater to user preferences......

430

Time Resolved Photoelectron Imaging of Electronic Relaxation Dynamics in Anionic Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solvation in Iodide-Doped Acetonitrile Clusters, Journal ofSolvation in Iodide-doped Acetonitrile Clusters [ReprintedSolvation in Iodide- doped Acetonitrile Clusters", Oli T.

Griffin, Graham Bailey

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Multi-object spectroscopy of low redshift EIS clusters. I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the results of the first multi-object spectroscopic observations at the Danish 1.54m telescope at La Silla, Chile. Observations of five cluster candidates from the ESO Imaging Survey Cluster Candidate Catalog are described. From these observations we confirm the reality of the five clusters with measured redshifts of 0.11<=z<=0.35. We estimate velocity dispersions in the range 294-621km/s indicating rather poor clusters. This, and the measured cluster redshifts are consistent with the results of the matched filter procedure applied to produce the Cluster Candidate Catalog.

L. Hansen; L. F. Olsen; H. E. Jorgensen

2002-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

432

CO adsorption on neutral iridium clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The adsorption of carbon monoxide on neutral iridium clusters in the size range of n = 3 to 21 atoms is investigated with infrared multiple photon dissociation spectroscopy. For each cluster size only a single v(CO) band is present with frequencies in the range between 1962 cm-1 (n = 8) and 1985 cm-1 (n = 18) which can be attributed to an atop binding geometry. This behaviour is compared to the CO binding geometries on clusters of other group 9 and 10 transition metals as well as to that on extended surfaces. The preference of Ir for atop binding is rationalized by relativistic effects on the electronic structure of the later 5d metals.

Kerpal, Christian; Meijer, Gerard; Fielicke, Andr

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The Broadband Spectrum of Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine whether nonthermal protons energized during a cluster merger are simultaneously responsible for the Coma cluster's diffuse radio flux (via secondary decay) and the departure of its intra-cluster medium (ICM) from a thermal profile via Coulomb collisions between the quasithermal electrons and the hadrons. Rather than approximating the influence of nonthermal proton/thermal electron collisions as extremely rare events which cause an injection of nonthermal, power-law electrons (the `knock-on' approximation), we self-consistently solve (to our knowledge, for the first time) the covariant kinetic equations for the two populations. The electron population resulting from these collisions is out of equilibrium, yet not a power law, and importantly displays a higher bremsstrahlung radiative efficiency than a pure power law. Observations with GLAST will test this model directly.

Brandon Wolfe; Fulvio Melia

2007-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

434

Clustering and Triaxial Deformations of $^{40}$Ca  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the positive-parity states of $^{40}$Ca using antisymmetrized molecular dynamics (AMD) and the generator coordinate method (GCM). Imposing two different kinds of constraints on the variational calculation, we have found various kinds of $^{40}{\\rm Ca}$ structures such as a deformed-shell structure, as well as $\\alpha$-$^{36}$Ar and $^{12}$C-$^{28}$Si cluster structures. After the GCM calculation, we obtained a normal-deformed band and a superdeformed band together with their side bands associated with triaxial deformation. The calculated $B(E2)$ values agreed well with empirical data. It was also found that the normal-deformed and superdeformed bands have a non-negligible $\\alpha$-$^{36}$Ar cluster component and $^{12}$C-$^{28}$Si cluster component, respectively. This leads to the presence of an $\\alpha$-$^{36}$Ar higher-nodal band occurring above the normal-deformed band.

Yasutaka Taniguchi; Masaaki Kimura; Yoshiko Kanada-En'yo; Hisashi Horiuchi

2007-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

435

Nonlinear Gravitational Clustering in Expanding Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The gravitational clustering of collisionless particles in an expanding universe is modelled using some simple physical ideas. I show that it is possible to understand the nonlinear clustering in terms of three well defined regimes: (1) linear regime; (2) quasilinear regime which is dominated by scale-invariant radial infall and (3) nonlinear regime dominated by nonradial motions and mergers. Modelling each of these regimes separately I show how the nonlinear two point correlation function can be related to the linear correlation function in hierarchical models. This analysis leads to results which are in good agreement with numerical simulations thereby providing an explanation for numerical results. Using this model and some simple extensions, it is possible to understand the transfer of power from large to small scales and the behaviour of higher order correlation functions. The ideas presented here will also serve as a powerful analytical tool to investigate nonlinear clustering in different models.

T. Padmanabhan

1996-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

436

Detecting Eccentric Globular Cluster Binaries with LISA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy carried in the gravitational wave signal from an eccentric binary is spread across several harmonics of the orbital frequency. The inclusion of the harmonics in the analysis of the gravitational wave signal increases the signal-to-noise ratio of the detected signal for binaries whose fundamental frequency is below the galactic confusion-limited noise cut-off. This can allow for an improved angular resolution for sources whose orbital period is greater than 2000 s. Globular cluster sources include possible binary black holes and neutron stars which may have high eccentricities. Cluster dynamics may also enhance the eccentricities of double white dwarf binaries and white dwarf-neutron star binaries over the galactic sources. Preliminary results of the expected signal-to-noise ratio for selected globular cluster binaries are presented.

M. Benacquista

2001-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

437

R-Area Reactor 1993 annual groundwater monitoring report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Groundwater was sampled and analyzed during 1993 from wells monitoring the following locations in R Area: Well cluster P20 east of R Area (one well each in the water table and the McBean formation), the R-Area Acid/Caustic Basin (the four water-table wells of the RAC series), the R-Area Ash Basin/Coal Pile (one well of the RCP series in the Congaree formation and one in the water table), the R-Area Disassembly Basin (the three water-table wells of the RDB series), the R-Area Burning/Rubble Pits (the four water-table wells of the RRP series), and the R-Area Seepage Basins (numerous water-table wells in the RSA, RSB, RSC, RSD, RSE, and RSF series). Lead was the only constituent detected above its 50{mu}g/L standard in any but the seepage basin wells; it exceeded that level in one B well and in 23 of the seepage basin wells. Cadmium exceeded its drinking water standard (DWS) in 30 of the seepage basin wells, as did mercury in 10. Nitrate-nitrite was above DWS once each in two seepage basin wells. Tritium was above DWS in six seepage basin wells, as was gross alpha activity in 22. Nonvolatile beta exceeded its screening standard in 29 wells. Extensive radionuclide analyses were requested during 1993 for the RCP series and most of the seepage basin wells. Strontium-90 in eight wells was the only specific radionuclide other than tritium detected above DWS; it appeared about one-half of the nonvolatile beta activity in those wells.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Multi-object spectroscopy of low redshift EIS clusters. III. Properties of optically selected clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have carried out an investigation of the properties of low redshift EIS clusters using both spectroscopy and imaging data. We present new redshifts for 738 galaxies in 21 ESO Imaging Survey (EIS) Cluster fields. We use the ``gap''-technique to search for significant overdensities in redshift space and to identify groups/clusters of galaxies corresponding to the original EIS matched filter cluster candidates. In this way we spectroscopically confirm 20 of the 21 cluster candidates with a matched-filter estimated redshift z_MF=0.2. We have now obtained spectroscopic redshifts for 34 EIS cluster candidates with z_MF=0.2 (see also Hansen et al., 2002; Olsen et al., 2003). Of those we spectroscopically confirm 32 with redshifts ranging from z=0.064 to 0.283. We find that: 1) the velocity dispersions of the systems range from sigma_v<=130km/s to sigma_v=1200km/s, typical of galaxy groups to rich clusters; 2) richnesses corresponding to Abell classes R<=1; and 3) concentration indices ranging from C=0.2 to C=1.2. From the analysis of the colours of the galaxy populations we find that 53% of the spectroscopically confirmed systems have a ``significant'' red sequence. These systems are on average richer and have higher velocity dispersions. We find that the colour of the red sequence galaxies matches passive stellar evolution predictions.

L. F. Olsen; C. Benoist; L. da Costa; L. Hansen; H. E. Jorgensen

2005-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

439

Energy Landscapes of Planar Colloidal Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Landscapes of Planar Colloidal Clusters John W. R. Morgan,a and David J. Wales?b Received Xth XXXXXXXXXX 20XX, Accepted Xth XXXXXXXXX 20XX First published on the web Xth XXXXXXXXXX 20XX DOI: 10.1039/b000000x A short-ranged pairwise Morse... potential is used to model colloidal clusters with planar morphologies. Potential and free energy global minima as well as rearrangement paths, obtained by basin-hopping global optimisation and discrete path sampling, are characterised. The potential...

Morgan, John W. R.; Wales, David J.

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

440

Course Clusters | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User GroupInformationE-GovNatural GasCourse Clusters Course Clusters

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan (Development Plan) is to guide the physical development of the 200 Areas (which refers to the 200 East Area, 200 West Area, and 200 Area Corridor, located between the 200 East and 200 West Areas) in accordance with US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4320.lB (DOE 1991a) by performing the following: Establishing a land-use plan and setting land-use categories that meet the needs of existing and proposed activities. Coordinating existing, 5-year, and long-range development plans and guiding growth in accordance with those plans. Establishing development guidelines to encourage cost-effective development and minimize conflicts between adjacent activities. Identifying site development issues that need further analysis. Integrating program plans with development plans to ensure a logical progression of development. Coordinate DOE plans with other agencies [(i.e., Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)]. Being a support document to the Hanford Site Development Plan (DOE-RL 1990a) (parent document) and providing technical site information relative to the 200 Areas.

Rinne, C.A.; Daly, K.S.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Icosahedral structure in hydrogenated cobalt and nickel clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reactions with ammonia and with water are used to probe the geometrical structures of cobalt and nickel clusters that are saturated with hydrogen. Ammonia saturation experiments allow the determination of the number of primary NH{sub 3} binding sites on cluster surfaces, and this number shows a repeated minimization to values of 12 for many cluster sizes in the 50- to 200-atom size region. These sizes correspond to closed shells and subshells of icosahedra, suggesting that the ammoniated clusters have metal frameworks with icosahedral structure. The equilibrium reaction of the hydrogenated clusters with a single water molecule shows a pattern of local maxima in the cluster--water binding energy, with the maxima in most cases coming at clusters having one metal atom more than those showing minima in ammonia binding. This correlation suggests that nonammoniated clusters likewise have icosahedral structure, and is consistent with the nature of the metal--water interaction. Some of the larger clusters do not show clear evidence for icosahedral structure at room temperature, although they begin to do so at elevated temperature. Annealing experiments suggest that many of these clusters are icosahedral in their most stable configuration at room temperature, although the 147-atom nickel cluster is not. In general, hydrogenation enhances the icosahedral features in the ammonia and water binding patterns compared to those seen for bare clusters, and extends the cluster size region over which icosahedral structure is evident.

Klots, T.D.; Winter, B.J.; Parks, E.K.; Riley, S.J. (Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois (USA))

1991-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

443

Research Areas | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas Research Areas Research Areas High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas (HEDLP) Research Areas During open solicitations proposals are sought...

444

Hydrodynamical adaptive mesh refinement simulations of turbulent flows - II. Cosmological simulations of galaxy clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The development of turbulent gas flows in the intra-cluster medium and in the core of a galaxy cluster is studied by means of adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) cosmological simulations. A series of six runs was performed, employing identical simulation parameters but different criteria for triggering the mesh refinement. In particular, two different AMR strategies were followed, based on the regional variability of control variables of the flow and on the overdensity of subclumps, respectively. We show that both approaches, albeit with different results, are useful to get an improved resolution of the turbulent flow in the ICM. The vorticity is used as a diagnostic for turbulence, showing that the turbulent flow is not highly volume-filling but has a large area-covering factor, in agreement with previous theoretical expectations. The measured turbulent velocity in the cluster core is larger than 200 km/s, and the level of turbulent pressure contribution to the cluster hydrostatic equilibrium is increased by using the improved AMR criteria.

L. Iapichino; J. C. Niemeyer

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

GeV Gamma-ray Flux Upper Limits from Clusters of Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The detection of diffuse radio emission associated with clusters of galaxies indicates populations of relativistic leptons infusing the intracluster medium. Those electrons and positrons are either injected into and accelerated directly in the intracluster medium, or produced as secondary pairs by cosmic-ray ions scattering on ambient protons. Radiation mechanisms involving the energetic leptons together with decay of neutral pions produced by hadronic interactions have the potential to produce abundant GeV photons. Here, we report on the search for GeV emission from clusters of galaxies using data collected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) from August 2008 to February 2010. Thirty-three galaxy clusters have been selected according to their proximity and high mass, X-ray flux and temperature, and indications of non-thermal activity for this study. We report upper limits on the photon flux in the range 0.2-100 GeV towards a sample of observed clusters (typical va...

al., M Ackermann et

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Technical evaluation: 300 Area steam line valve accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On June 7, 1993, a journeyman power operator (JPO) was severely burned and later died as a result of the failure of a 6-in. valve that occurred when he attempted to open main steam supply (MSS) valve MSS-25 in the U-3 valve pit. The pit is located northwest of Building 331 in the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. Figure 1-1 shows a layout of the 300 Area steam piping system including the U-3 steam valve pit. Figure 1-2 shows a cutaway view of the approximately 10- by 13- by 16-ft-high valve pit with its various steam valves and connecting piping. Valve MSS-25, an 8-in. valve, is located at the bottom of the pit. The failed 6-in. valve was located at the top of the pit where it branched from the upper portion of the 8-in. line at the 8- by 8- by 6-in. tee and was then ``blanked off`` with a blind flange. The purpose of this technical evaluation was to determine the cause of the accident that led to the failure of the 6-in. valve. The probable cause for the 6-in. valve failure was determined by visual, nondestructive, and destructive examination of the failed valve and by metallurgical analysis of the fractured region of the valve. The cause of the accident was ultimately identified by correlating the observed failure mode to the most probable physical phenomenon. Thermal-hydraulic analyses, component stress analyses, and tests were performed to verify that the probable physical phenomenon could be reasonably expected to produce the failure in the valve that was observed.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

High density cluster jet target for storage ring experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design and performance of a newly developed cluster jet target installation for hadron physics experiments are presented which, for the first time, is able to generate a hydrogen cluster jet beam with a target thickness of above $10^{15}\\,\\mathrm{atoms/cm}^2$ at a distance of two metres behind the cluster jet nozzle. The properties of the cluster beam and of individual clusters themselves are studied at this installation. Special emphasis is placed on measurements of the target beam density as a function of the relevant parameters as well as on the cluster beam profiles. By means of a time-of-flight setup, measurements of the velocity of single clusters and velocity distributions were possible. The complete installation, which meets the requirements of future internal fixed target experiments at storage rings, and the results of the systematic studies on hydrogen cluster jets are presented and discussed.

Alexander Tschner; Esperanza Khler; Hans-Werner Ortjohann; Alfons Khoukaz

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

448

Using Clustering to extract Personality Information from socio economic data.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Clustering to extract Personality Information from socio economic data. Alexandros Ladas, Uwe. Keywords-component; Data Mining; Clustering; Behavior Mining; Personality Psychology; I. INTRODUCTION psychological information regarding the Personalities of the individuals in order to enhance Data Mining methods

Aickelin, Uwe

449

Which young clusters/associations are we missing today?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Currently clusters/associations of stars are mainly detected as surface density enhancements relative to the background field. While clusters form, their surface density increases. It likely decreases again at the end of the star formation process when the system expands as a consequence of gas expulsion. Therefore the surface density of a single cluster can change considerably in young clusters/associations during the first 20 Myr of their development. We investigate the effect of the gas expulsion on the detectability of clusters/associations typical for the solar neighborhood, where the star formation efficiency is 4 Myr only the most massive clusters are identified, while systems with initially M_c < 3 000 M(sun) are missing. The temporal development of stellar properties is usually determined by observing clusters of different ages. The potentially strong inhomogeneity of the cluster sample makes this methods highly questionable. However, GAIA could provide the means to rectify this situation as it w...

Pfalzner, Susanne; Xiang, Mai

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Beltrami Equation and Cluster Lensing: Characteristic Equations and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arclets in clusters of galaxies can be used to determine the lens mapping and not only to constrain the mass density of the cluster. Multiply imaged arclets are therefore easily identified without further modelling.

Schramm; T

1995-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

451

Weak lensing flexion as a probe of galaxy cluster substructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring galaxy cluster total masses and the amount of dark matter substructure within galaxy cluster haloes is a fundamental probe of the ACDM model of structure formation, as well as the interactions between baryonic ...

Cain, Benjamin Martin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Building dwarf galaxies out of merged young star clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Young star clusters in interacting galaxies are often found in groups or clusters of star clusters containing up to 100 single clusters. In our project we study the future fate of these clusters of star clusters. We find that the star clusters merge on time scales of a few dynamical crossing times of the super-cluster. The resulting merger object has similarities with observed dwarf ellipticals (dE). Furthermore, if destructive processes like tidal heating, dynamical friction or interaction with disc or bulge of the parent galaxy are taken into account our merger objects may evolve into objects resembling dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSph), without the need of a high dark matter content.

M. Fellhauer

2001-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

453

Spatial clustering of pixels of a multispectral image  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system for clustering the pixels of a multispectral image is provided. A clustering system computes a maximum spectral similarity score for each pixel that indicates the similarity between that pixel and the most similar neighboring. To determine the maximum similarity score for a pixel, the clustering system generates a similarity score between that pixel and each of its neighboring pixels and then selects the similarity score that represents the highest similarity as the maximum similarity score. The clustering system may apply a filtering criterion based on the maximum similarity score so that pixels with similarity scores below a minimum threshold are not clustered. The clustering system changes the current pixel values of the pixels in a cluster based on an averaging of the original pixel values of the pixels in the cluster.

Conger, James Lynn

2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

454

Progress Update: M Area Closure  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A progress update of the Recovery Act at work at the Savannah River Site. The celebration of the first area cleanup completion with the help of the Recovery Act.

Cody, Tom

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

455

Wellhead Protection Area Act (Nebraska)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This section regulates activities which can occur on or below the land surface of the area surrounding a wellhead. The purpose of these regulations is to limit well contamination and preserve...

456

Controlling Bats in Urban Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to avoid obstacles and capture insects. Bats also emit audible sounds that may be used for communi- cation. L-1913 4-08 Controlling BATS Damage In urban areas, bats may become a nuisance becauseoftheirsqueaking,scratchingandcrawl- inginattics...

Texas Wildlife Services

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Protected Water Area System (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Natural Resource Commission maintains a state plan for the design and establishment of a protected water area system and those adjacent lands needed to protect the integrity of that system. A...

458

The Program Area Committee Chairperson.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

worksheets and others. Prepared by Mary G. Marshall and Burl B. RichardsQ Extension program development specialists, The Texas A&M University System. THE PROGRAM AREA COMMITTEE CHAIRPERSON You Hold an Important Position! Whenever people gather...

Marshall, Mary; Richardson, Burl B.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Security Area Vouching and Piggybacking  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes requirements for the Department of Energy (DOE) Security Area practice of "vouching" or "piggybacking" access by personnel. DOE N 251.40, dated 5-3-01, extends this directive until 12-31-01.

2000-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

460

Focus Area Tax Credits (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Focus Area Tax Credits for businesses in Baltimore City or Prince Georges County enterprise zones include: (1) Ten-year, 80% credit against local real property taxes on a portion of real property...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "area probability cluster" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Transforming Parks and Protected Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transforming Parks and Protected Areas Policy and governance in a changing world Edited by Kevin S from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging In Publication Data Transforming parks

Bolch, Tobias

462

Studies of nearby poor clusters - A3574 and S753  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photometric and spectroscopic data are presented for two clusters, A3574 and S753, belonging to the Centaurus concentration of galaxies. The masses of the clusters are estimated at 1.5 x 10 to the 14th solar masses; no evidence of substructure has been detected in either cluster. The solution of a two-body linear orbit suggests that the clusters do not form a bound system, although the result is marginal. 60 refs.

Willmer, C.N.A.; Focardi, P.; Chan, R.; Pellegrini, P.S.; Da Costa, N.L. (Observatorio Nacional do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Exploratory Clusters of Student Technology Participation with Multivariate Regression Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technology use in the context of a high school statistics curriculum, and generates exploratory clusters of that usage

Skipper, Peter Tyrel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Energy Proportionality and Performance in Data Parallel Computing Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8] presented a hybrid datacenter model with two-class nodesbe ideally zero. Thus, a datacenter cluster still needs to

Kim, Jinoh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Molecular Cluster Perturbation Theory. I. Formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present second-order molecular cluster perturbation theory (MCPT(2)), a linear scaling methodology to calculate arbitrarily large systems with explicit calculation of individual wavefunctions in a coupled-cluster framework. This new MCPT(2) framework uses coupled-cluster perturbation theory and an expansion in terms of molecular dimer interactions to obtain molecular wavefunctions that are infinite-order in both the electronic fluctuation operator and all possible dimer (and products of dimers) interactions. The MCPT(2) framework has been implemented in the new SIA/Aces4 parallel architecture, making use of the advanced dynamic memory control and fine grained parallelism to perform very large explicit molecular cluster calculations. To illustrate the power of this method, we have computed energy shifts, lattice site dipole moments, and harmonic vibrational frequencies via explicit calculation of the bulk system for the polar and non-polar polymorphs of solid hydrogen fluoride. The explicit lattice size (without using any periodic boundary conditions) was expanded up to 1,000 HF molecules, with 32,000 basis functions and 10,000 electrons. Our obtained HF lattice site dipole moments and harmonic vibrational frequencies agree well with the existing literature.

Jason N. Byrd; Nakul Jindal; Robert W. Molt, Jr.; Rodney J. Bartlett; Beverly A. Sanders; Victor F. Lotrich

2015-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

466

Modeling the Energy Efficiency of Heterogeneous Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on heterogeneous clusters ­ Unexplored from energy-time performance perspective 10-Sep-14 ICPP 2014 7 #12;Objectiveth September 2014 43rd International Conference on Parallel Processing, Minneapolis, MN, USA #12;Outline · Motivation · Objective · Methodology · Analysis · Conclusions 10-Sep-14 2ICPP 2014 #12;Energy

Teo, Yong-Meng

467

New nuclear three-body clusters ?{NN}  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Binding energies of three-body systems of the type \\phi+2N are estimated. Due to the strong attraction between \\phi-meson and nucleon, suggested in different approaches, bound states can appear in systems like \\phi+np (singlet and triplet) and \\phi+pp. This indicates the principal possibility of the formation of new nuclear clusters.

Vladimir B. Belyaev; Werner Sandhas; Ivan I. Shlyk

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

468

Molecular Cluster Perturbation Theory. I. Formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present second-order molecular cluster perturbation theory (MCPT(2)), a methodology to calculate arbitrarily large systems with explicit calculation of individual wavefunctions in a coupled-cluster framework. This new MCPT(2) framework uses coupled-cluster perturbation theory and an expansion in terms of molecular dimer interactions to obtain molecular wavefunctions that are infinite-order in both the electronic fluctuation operator and all possible dimer (and products of dimers) interactions. The MCPT(2) framework has been implemented in the new SIA/ACES parallel architecture, making use of the advanced dynamic memory control and fine grained parallelism to perform very large explicit molecular cluster calculations. To illustrate the power of this method, we have computed energy shifts and lattice site dipole moments via explicit calculation of the bulk system for the polar and non-polar configurations of solid hydrogen fluoride. The explicit lattice size without periodic boundary conditions was expanded up to 1,000 HF molecules, with 32,000 basis functions and 10,000 electrons. Our obtained HF lattice site dipole moments of 2.51 and 2.49 Debye (for the polar and non-polar configurations, respectively) are in good agreement with the existing literature values of 2.51 and 2.47.

Jason N. Byrd; Nakul Jindal; Robert W. Molt, Jr.; Rodney J. Bartlett; Beverly A. Sanders; Victor F. Lotrich

2014-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

469

Optimizing Path Query Performance: Graph Clustering Strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ywh@us.ibm.com Ning Jingz Changsha Institute of Technology jning@eecs.umich.edu Elke A. Rundensteinerx not incur any run-time cost, requires no auxiliary data structures, and is complimentary to many of the performance of these graph clustering techniques using an actual city road network as well as randomly

470

College of Engineering High Performance Computing Cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Engineering High Performance Computing Cluster Policy and Procedures COE-HPC-01 and registered as requiring high performance computing; the course identification/registrations process the College High Performance Computing system will need register for system access by visiting http

Demirel, Melik C.

471

Clusters in Very High Energy Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arrival directions of cosmic rays with the energy E>4.10^{19} eV are analyzed by using data of the Yakutsk and AGASA (Japan) extensive air showers (EAS) arrays. It is supposed that the clusters can be formed as a result of decay of superheavy particles. The consequences of this supposition compare with experimental data.

A. A. Mikhailov

2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

472

Molecular Cluster Perturbation Theory. I. Formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present second-order molecular cluster perturbation theory (MCPT(2)), a linear scaling methodology to calculate arbitrarily large systems with explicit calculation of individual wavefunctions in a coupled-cluster framework. This new MCPT(2) framework uses coupled-cluster perturbation theory and an expansion in terms of molecular dimer interactions to obtain molecular wavefunctions that are infinite-order in both the electronic fluctuation operator and all possible dimer (and products of dimers) interactions. The MCPT(2) framework has been implemented in the new SIA/ACES parallel architecture, making use of the advanced dynamic memory control and fine grained parallelism to perform very large explicit molecular cluster calculations. To illustrate the power of this method, we have computed energy shifts and lattice site dipole moments via explicit calculation of the bulk system for the polar and non-polar polymorphs of solid hydrogen fluoride. The explicit lattice size without periodic boundary conditions was expanded up to 1,000 HF molecules, with 32,000 basis functions and 10,000 electrons. Our obtained HF lattice site dipole moments and harmonic vibrational frequencies agree well with the existing literature.

Jason N. Byrd; Nakul Jindal; Robert W. Molt, Jr.; Rodney J. Bartlett; Beverly A. Sanders; Victor F. Lotrich

2015-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

473

The Infrared Luminosity of Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this study is to quantify the infrared luminosity of clusters as a function of redshift and compare this with the X-ray luminosity. This can potentially constrain the origin of the infrared emission to be intracluster dust and/or dust heated by star formation in the cluster galaxies. We perform a statistical analysis of a large sample of galaxy clusters selected from existing databases and catalogues.We coadd the infrared IRAS and X-ray RASS images in the direction of the selected clusters within successive redshift intervals up to z = 1. We find that the total infrared luminosity is very high and on average 20 times higher than the X-ray luminosity. If all the infrared luminosity is to be attributed to emission from diffuse intracluster dust, then the IR to X-ray ratio implies a dust-to-gas mass abundance of 5e-4. However, the infrared luminosity shows a strong enhancement for 0.1 infrared luminosity that we measure is generated by the ongoing star formation in the member galaxies. From theoretical predictions calibrated on extinction measurements (dust mass abundance equal to 1e-5), we expect only a minor contribution, of a few percent, from intracluster dust.

Martin Giard; Ludovic Montier; Etienne Pointecouteau; Ellen Simmat

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

474

BOUNDS FOR SPECTRAL CLUSTERS HART F. SMITH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lq BOUNDS FOR SPECTRAL CLUSTERS HART F. SMITH Abstract. In these notes, we review recent results] establish the same estimates under the assumption that the metric is C1,1. It is known by examples of Smith to the wave equation. The author was supported in part by NSF grant DMS-0140499. 1 #12;2 HART F. SMITH

Smith, Hart F.

475

February 22, 1998 Clustering ECG Complexes Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LU TP 98­1 February 22, 1998 Clustering ECG Complexes Using Hermite Functions and Self Transactions on Biomedical Engineering Abstract: An integrated method for identifying and classifying ECG for analysis and interpretation of ECGs have been subject to intense research for nearly four decades

Lunds Universitet,

476

clusterMaker: a multi-algorithm clustering plugin for Cytoscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than 40% of all known proteins lack any annota- tions withinprotein BH2212 from Bacillus halodurans (gi:15614775) lacksprotein interaction data sets have been clustered to identify stable complexes, but scientists lack

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

From nuclear clusters to halo globulars: Star clusters as basic galactic building blocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I assess the similarities and differences between the star-formation modes in quiescent spiral galaxies versus those in violent starburst regions, including galactic nuclei. As opposed to the quiescent star-formation mode, current empirical evidence on the star-formation processes in the extreme, high-pressure environments induced by galaxy encounters strongly suggests that star cluster formation is an important and perhaps even the dominant mode of star formation in such starburst events. This implies that by using star clusters as unique diagnostic probes, we can trace a galaxy's most violent star formation history very well, at least for the past few Gyr. The sizes, luminosities, and mass estimates of the young massive star clusters are entirely consistent with what is expected for young Milky Way-type globular clusters (GCs). Recent evidence lends support to the scenario that GCs, which were once thought to be the oldest building blocks of galaxies, are still forming today.

Richard de Grijs

2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

478

Size-selected Metal Cluster Deposition on Oxide Surfaces: Impact Dynamics and Supported Cluster Chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lens Quadrupole Ion Guide 3 Focusing Lens Deposition Stage Electron Multiplier Isolation Valve4 Au3 Au2 Au Constant signal = constant sticking coefficient ~1.0 No shifts with cluster size

Anderson, Scott L.

479

The dwarf galaxy population of the Coma cluster to M_R=-11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the luminosity function (LF) and measurements of the scalelengths, colours, and radial distribution of dwarf galaxies in the Coma cluster down to R=24. Our survey area is 674 arcmin^2; this is the deepest and most detailed survey covering such a large area. Our measurements agree with those of most previous authors at bright and intermediate magnitudes. The new results are: 1) Galaxies in the Coma cluster have a luminosity function that is steep (\\alpha \\sim -1.7) for -15 < M_R < -11, and is shallower brighter than this. The curvature in the LF at M_R \\sim -15 is statistically significant. 2) The galaxies that contribute most strongly to the luminosity function at -14 < M_R < -12 have colours and scalelengths that are consistent with those of local dwarf spheroidal galaxies placed at the distance of Coma. 3) These galaxies with -14 < M_R < -12 have a colour distribution that is very strongly peaked at B-R = 1.3. This is suggestive of a substantial degree of homogeneity in their star formation histories and metallicities. 4) These galaxies with -14 < M_R < -12 also appear to be more confined to the cluster core (r \\sim 200 kpc) than the brighter galaxies.

Neil Trentham

1997-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

480

Aalborg Universitet Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC Microgrids Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aalborg Universitet Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC Microgrids Clusters Shafiee, Qobad Control for Multiple DC Microgrids Clusters. I E E E Transactions on Energy Conversion. General rights, J. C. Vasquez, and J. M. Guerrero, "Hierarchical Control for Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters," IEEE

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

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481

Sticking properties of water clusters Sebastien Zamith1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]. The pos- itively charged, protonated water clusters are produced in a gas aggregation source. Right afterSticking properties of water clusters S´ebastien Zamith1,2 , Pierre Feiden1,2 , Pierre Labastie1) Absolute attachment cross sections of single water molecules onto mass selected protonated water clusters

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

482

HEAVY GOLD CLUSTER BEAMS production and identi cation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This method is based on the acceleration of the clusters to high energy (MeV) and on the measurement, after to select heavy Aun cluster beams for applications at low energy (keV) in mass spectrometry. 1. Introduction, with a multianode detector 7], the number of constituents coming out of the foil. High energy clusters, accelerated

Boyer, Edmond

483

Understanding Complex Network Attack Graphs through Clustered Adjacency Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding Complex Network Attack Graphs through Clustered Adjacency Matrices Steven Noel}@gmu.edu Abstract We apply adjacency matrix clustering to network attack graphs for attack correlation, prediction, and hypothesizing. We self-multiply the clustered adjacency matrices to show attacker reachability across

Noel, Steven

484

Photoelectron imaging of large anionic methanol clusters: ,,n70460...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been described elsewhere.9 Methanol cluster anions were produced by passing argon through a reservoirPhotoelectron imaging of large anionic methanol clusters: ,,MeOH...n - ,,n?70­460... Aster Kammrath Electron solvation in methanol anion clusters, MeOH n - n 70­460 , is studied by photoelectron imaging. Two

Neumark, Daniel M.

485

Energy Conservation in Heterogeneous Server Clusters Taliver Heath  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Conservation in Heterogeneous Server Clusters #3; Taliver Heath Dept. of Computer Science, measurement Keywords Energy conservation, server clusters, heterogeneity #3; This research has been supported.g., [3, 4, 9, 21]) and dynamic cluster recon#12;guration for energy conservation without per- formance

Bianchini, Ricardo

486

cars: A New Code Generation Framework for Clustered ILP Processors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??glu z Ashok Agrawala \\Lambda y Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering z T. J. Watson Research are characterized by a large number of non­centralized on­chip re­ sources grouped into clusters. Traditional code we present cars, a code generation framework for Clustered ILP processors, which combines the cluster

Kailas, Krishnan

487

Mass spectra and theoretical modeling of Li Krn clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

high intensity, with respect to neighboring ones, is also observed for the clusters with 34 argon±theoretical project which involves the study of metal ion-doped noble gas clusters of the type MXn (M metal ion and X (In, Al) [9], carbon [10,11] and transition metals (Ti, Fe, Ni, Pt) [12± 14]. Clusters involving

Farantos, Stavros C.

488

Reconstruction of ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in N-dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an analytical inversion technique which can be used to recover ionization probabilities from spatially averaged data in an N-dimensional detection scheme. The solution is given as a power series in intensity. For this reason, we call this technique a multiphoton expansion (MPE). The MPE formalism was verified with an exactly solvable inversion problem in 2D, and probabilities in the postsaturation region, where the intensity-selective scanning approach breaks down, were recovered. In 3D, ionization probabilities of Xe were successfully recovered with MPE from simulated (using the ADK tunneling theory) ion yields. Finally, we tested our approach with intensity-resolved benzene ion yields showing a resonant multiphoton ionization process. By applying MPE to this data (which was artificially averaged) the resonant structure was recovered-suggesting that the resonance in benzene may have been observable in spatially averaged data taken elsewhere.

J. Strohaber; A. A. Kolomenskii; H. A. Schuessler

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z