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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Small Scale Field Test Demonstrating CO2 sequestration in Arbuckle Saline Aquifer and by CO2-EOR at Wellington field, Sumner County, Kansas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scale Field Test Demonstrating CO Scale Field Test Demonstrating CO 2 sequestration in Arbuckle Saline Aquifer and by CO 2 -EOR at Wellington field, Sumner County, Kansas -- W. Lynn Watney and Jason Rush Kansas Geological Survey Lawrence, KS 66047 Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Annual Review Meeting October 15-17, 2011 Pittsburgh, PA Funding Opportunity Number: DE-FOA-0000441 Contract #FE0006821 $11,484,499 DOE $3.236 million cost share KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY 12/2/2011 1 Outline * Background * The Participants * The Plan * Leveraging Current Research at Wellington Field * Inject, Monitor, Verification, and Accounting of CO 2 2 ORGANIZATION CHART Kansas Geological Survey Name Project Job Title Primary Responsibility Lynn Watney Project Leader, Joint Principal Investigator

2

Geochemical and Microbiological Characterization of the Arbuckle Saline Aquifer, a Potential CO2 Storage Reservoir; Implications for Hydraulic Separation and Caprock Integrity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oil field in Sumner County, Kansas. Results from field characterization present strong evidence of hydraulic separation of the Upper and Lower Arbuckle and the likelihood of an extensive fracture network evidenced by essentially homogeneous brines...

Scheffer, Aimee

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

3

Migration and trapping of CO? in saline aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mitigation of climate change requires a reduction in atmospheric carbon dioxide (C0 2) emissions. One promising tool for achieving this is the large-scale injection of CO2 into deep saline aquifers. After injection, upward ...

MacMinn, Christopher William

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Enhanced CO2 Storage and Sequestration in Deep Saline Aquifers by Nanoparticles: Commingled Disposal of Depleted Uranium and CO2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Geological storage of anthropogenic CO2 emissions in deep saline aquifers has recently received tremendous attention in the scientific literature. Injected buoyant CO2 accumulates at the top part of the aquifer u...

Farzam Javadpour; Jean-Philippe Nicot

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

TOUGH+CO2: A multiphase fluid-flow simulator for CO2 geologic sequestration in saline aquifers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TOUGH+CO"2 is a new simulator for modeling of CO"2 geologic sequestration in saline aquifers. It is a member of TOUGH+, the successor to the TOUGH2 family of codes for multicomponent, multiphase fluid and heat flow simulation. The code accounts for heat ... Keywords: CO2 geologic sequestration, Modeling, Multiphase flow, Parallel computing, Saline aquifer, TOUGH+, TOUGH2

Keni Zhang; George Moridis; Karsten Pruess

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Physical and Economic Potential of Geological CO2 Storage in Saline Aquifers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Physical and Economic Potential of Geological CO2 Storage in Saline Aquifers ... To put this result in context, a minimum of approximately 0.7 km3 of reservoir volume at the optimal depth would be required to store the emissions from a typical 500 MW coal plant capturing 7389 tons of CO2 per day for 20 years with an 80% capacity factor (2). ... Since our analysis is performed on a single-well basis, though, we do not account for possible economies of scale in a multiwell system. ...

Jordan K. Eccles; Lincoln Pratson; Richard G. Newell; Robert B. Jackson

2009-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

7

Estimating Plume Volume for Geologic Storage of CO2 in Saline Aquifers  

SciTech Connect

Typically, when a new subsurface flow and transport problem is first being considered, very simple models with a minimal number of parameters are used to get a rough idea of how the system will evolve. For a hydrogeologist considering the spreading of a contaminant plume in an aquifer, the aquifer thickness, porosity, and permeability might be enough to get started. If the plume is buoyant, aquifer dip comes into play. If regional groundwater flow is significant or there are nearby wells pumping, these features need to be included. Generally, the required parameters tend to be known from pre-existing studies, are parameters that people working in the field are familiar with, and represent features that are easy to explain to potential funding agencies, regulators, stakeholders, and the public. The situation for geologic storage of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) in saline aquifers is quite different. It is certainly desirable to do preliminary modeling in advance of any field work since geologic storage of CO{sub 2} is a novel concept that few people have much experience with or intuition about. But the parameters that control CO{sub 2} plume behavior are a little more daunting to assemble and explain than those for a groundwater flow problem. Even the most basic question of how much volume a given mass of injected CO{sub 2} will occupy in the subsurface is non-trivial. However, with a number of simplifying assumptions, some preliminary estimates can be made, as described below. To make efficient use of the subsurface storage volume available, CO{sub 2} density should be large, which means choosing a storage formation at depths below about 800 m, where pressure and temperature conditions are above the critical point of CO{sub 2} (P = 73.8 bars, T = 31 C). Then CO{sub 2} will exist primarily as a free-phase supercritical fluid, while some CO{sub 2} will dissolve into the aqueous phase.

Doughty, Christine

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

8

Simulation of Coupled Processes of Flow, Transport, and Storage of CO2 in Saline Aquifers  

SciTech Connect

This report is the final scientific one for the award DE- FE0000988 entitled “Simulation of Coupled Processes of Flow, Transport, and Storage of CO2 in Saline Aquifers.” The work has been divided into six tasks. In task, “Development of a Three-Phase Non-Isothermal CO2 Flow Module,” we developed a fluid property module for brine-CO2 mixtures designed to handle all possible phase combinations of aqueous phase, sub-critical liquid and gaseous CO2, supercritical CO2, and solid salt. The thermodynamic and thermophysical properties of brine-CO2 mixtures (density, viscosity, and specific enthalpy of fluid phases; partitioning of mass components among the different phases) use the same correlations as an earlier fluid property module that does not distinguish between gaseous and liquid CO2-rich phases. We verified the fluid property module using two leakage scenarios, one that involves CO2 migration up a blind fault and subsequent accumulation in a secondary “parasitic” reservoir at shallower depth, and another investigating leakage of CO2 from a deep storage reservoir along a vertical fault zone. In task, “Development of a Rock Mechanical Module,” we developed a massively parallel reservoir simulator for modeling THM processes in porous media brine aquifers. We derived, from the fundamental equations describing deformation of porous elastic media, a momentum conservation equation relating mean stress, pressure, and temperature, and incorporated it alongside the mass and energy conservation equations from the TOUGH2 formulation, the starting point for the simulator. In addition, rock properties, namely permeability and porosity, are functions of effective stress and other variables that are obtained from the literature. We verified the simulator formulation and numerical implementation using analytical solutions and example problems from the literature. For the former, we matched a one-dimensional consolidation problem and a two-dimensional simulation of the Mandel-Cryer effect. For the latter, we obtained a good match of temperature and gas saturation profiles, and surface uplift, after injection of hot fluid into a model of a caldera structure. In task, “Incorporation of Geochemical Reactions of Selected Important Species,” we developed a novel mathematical model of THMC processes in porous and fractured saline aquifers, simulating geo-chemical reactions associated with CO2 sequestration in saline aquifers. Two computational frameworks, sequentially coupled and fully coupled, were used to simulate the reactions and transport. We verified capabilities of the THMC model to treat complex THMC processes during CO2 sequestration by analytical solutions and we constructed reactive transport models to analyze the THMC process quantitatively. Three of these are 1D reactive transport under chemical equilibrium, a batch reaction model with equilibrium chemical reactions, and a THMC model with CO2 dissolution. In task “Study of Instability in CO2 Dissolution-Diffusion-Convection Processes,” We reviewed literature related to the study of density driven convective flows and on the instability of CO2 dissolution-diffusion-convection processes. We ran simulations that model the density-driven flow instability that would occur during CO2 sequestration. CO2 diffused through the top of the system and dissolved in the aqueous phase there, increasing its density. Density fingers formed along the top boundary, and coalesced into a few prominent ones, causing convective flow that forced the fluid to the system bottom. These simulations were in two and three dimensions. We ran additional simulations of convective mixing with density contrast caused by variable dissolved CO2 concentration in saline water, modeled after laboratory experiments in which supercritical CO2 was circulated in the headspace above a brine saturated packed sand in a pressure vessel. As CO2 dissolved into the upper part of the saturated sand, liquid phase density increases causing instability and setting off convective mixing. We obtained good agreement

Wu, Yu-Shu; Chen, Zizhong; Kazemi, Hossein; Yin, Xiaolong; Pruess, Karsten; Oldenburg, Curt; Winterfeld, Philip; Zhang, Ronglei

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

9

E-Print Network 3.0 - arbuckle mountains oklahoma Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

arbuckle mountains oklahoma Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: arbuckle mountains oklahoma Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Characterizing...

10

Modeling The Effects Of Salt Precipitation And Kinetic Mineral Reaction On Well Injectivity Due To Carbon Dioxide Injection In Deep Saline Aquifers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Little is known about the complex processes taking place between CO2, the host formation, and in-situ brine at the conditions found within deep saline aquifers… (more)

Yeboa, Kojo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Field trip guide to selected outcrops, Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The Arbuckle Mountains, named for Brigadier General Matthew Arbuckle, are located in south-central Oklahoma. The formations that comprise the Arbuckle Mountains have been extensively studied for hydrocarbon source rock and reservoir rock characteristics that can be applied to the subsurface in the adjacent Anadarko and Ardmore basins. Numerous reports and guidebooks have been written concerning the Arbuckle Mountains. A few important general publications are provided in the list of selected references. The purpose of this handout is to provide general information on the geology of the Arbuckle Mountains and specific information on the four field trip stops, adapted from the literature. The four stops were at: (1) Sooner Rock and Sand Quarry; (2) Woodford Shale; (3) Hunton Anticline and Hunton Quarry; and (4) Tar Sands of Sulfur Area. As part of this report, two papers are included for more detail: Paleomagnetic dating of basinal fluid migration, base-metal mineralization, and hydrocarbon maturation in the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma and Laminated black shale-bedded chert cyclicity in the Woodford Formation, southern Oklahoma.

NONE

1991-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

12

Efficient parallel simulation of CO2 geologic sequestration in saline aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phase, and an immobile solid halite phase. Because of the600 bar, and salinity up to full halite saturation. For the

Zhang, Keni; Doughty, Christine; Wu, Yu-Shu; Pruess, Karsten

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

ECO2N - A New TOUGH2 Fluid Property Module for Studies of CO2Storage in Saline Aquifers  

SciTech Connect

ECO2N is a fluid property module for the TOUGH2 simulator (Version 2.0) that was designed for applications to geologic storage of CO{sub 2} in saline aquifers. It includes a comprehensive description of the thermodynamics and thermophysical properties of H{sub 2}O-NaCl-CO{sub 2} mixtures, that reproduces fluid properties largely within experimental error for the temperature, pressure and salinity conditions of interest(10 C {le} T {le} 110 C; P {le} 600 bar; salinity up to full halite saturation). Flow processes can be modeled isothermally or non-isothermally, and phase conditions represented may include a single (aqueous or CO{sub 2}-rich) phase, as well as two-phase mixtures. Fluid phases may appear or disappear in the course of a simulation, and solid salt may precipitate or dissolve. ECO2N can model super- as well as sub-critical conditions, but it does not make a distinction between liquid and gaseous CO{sub 2}. This paper highlights significant features of ECO2N, and presents illustrative applications.

Pruess, Karsten; Spycher, Nicholas

2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

14

Using tracer experiments to determine deep saline aquifers caprocks transport characteristics for carbon dioxide storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

procedure in high permeability rocks such as hydrocarbon reservoirs or aquifers. However, the permeability to the determination of transport characteristics of tight rock formations. Main obtained parameters are intrinsic permeability and the Klinkenberg coefficient; permeability as low as 10-21 m2 is easily attainable. Some

Boyer, Edmond

15

Water Rock Interaction [WRI 14] Groundwater salinization in a coastal multilayer aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

social and environmental changes. This paper focuses on the groundwater geochemistry in a costal the last decades. These evolutions gave rise to numerous environmental consequences, such as a dramatic decline of the piezometric levels, groundwater salinization and contamination. This degradation of natural

Boyer, Edmond

16

Feasibility of Geophysical Monitoring of Carbon-Sequestrated Deep Saline Aquifers  

SciTech Connect

As carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) is sequestered from the bottom of a brine reservoir and allowed to migrate upward, the effects of the relative permeability hysteresis due to capillary trapping and buoyancy driven migration tend to make the reservoir patchy saturated with different fluid phases over time. Seismically, such a patchy saturated reservoir induces an effective anisotropic behavior whose properties are primarily dictated by the nature of the saturation of different fluid phases in the pores and the elastic properties of the rock matrix. By combining reservoir flow simulation and modeling with seismic modeling, it is possible to derive these effective anisotropic properties, which, in turn, could be related to the saturation of CO{sub 2} within the reservoir volume any time during the post-injection scenario. Therefore, if time-lapse seismic data are available and could be inverted for the effective anisotropic properties of the reservoir, they, in combination with reservoir simulation could potentially predict the CO{sub 2} saturation directly from the time-lapse seismic data. It is therefore concluded that the time-lapse seismic data could be used to monitor the carbon sequestrated saline reservoirs. But for its successful implementation, seismic modeling and inversion methods must be integrated with the reservoir simulations. In addition, because CO{sub 2} sequestration induces an effective anisotropy in the sequestered reservoir and anisotropy is best detected using multicomponent seismic data compared to single component (P-wave) data, acquisition, processing, and analysis is multicomponent seismic data is recommended for these time-lapse studies. Finally, a successful implementation of using time-lapse seismic data for monitoring the carbon sequestrated saline reservoirs will require development of a robust methodology for inverting multicomponent seismic data for subsurface anisotropic properties.

Mallick, Subhashis; Alvarado, Vladimir

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

17

Self-repairing Self-assembled Structures Daniel Arbuckle and Aristides A. G. Requicha  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Self-repairing Self-assembled Structures Daniel Arbuckle and Aristides A. G. Requicha Department.arbuckle@usc.edu, requicha@usc.edu Abstract-- This paper introduces a method by which structures can be self-assembled from by a process analogous to mitosis. I. INTRODUCTION Self-assembly agents have the potential to become an im

Southern California, University of

18

ECO2N - A New TOUGH2 Fluid Property Module for Studies of CO2 Storage in Saline Aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bar; salinity up to full halite saturation). Flow processes1190 kg/m3 for full halite saturation. According to Eq. (2),

Pruess, Karsten; Spycher, Nicholas

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer paris basin Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on which potential site(s) in deep saline aquifers are investigated. KKeeyywwoorrddss:: CO2... geological storage; Site selection; Saline aquifer; Paris Basin; PICOREF I....

20

Formation dry-out from CO2 injection into saline aquifers: Part 1, Effects of solids precipitation and their mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and W. Müller. Modelling of Halite Formation in Natural Gasgas storage systems, where halite (NaCl) is the most common600 bar, and salinity to full halite saturation (Pruess and

Pruess, Karsten

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

DOE/EA-1482: Environmental Assessment for Pilot Experiment for Geological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide in Saline Aquifer Brine Formations (October 2003)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

82 82 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PILOT EXPERIMENT FOR GEOLOGICAL SEQUESTRATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN SALINE AQUIFER BRINE FORMATIONS FRIO FORMATION, LIBERTY COUNTY, TEXAS OCTOBER 2003 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY ii iii National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Cover Sheet Proposed Action: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to provide funds for a field test of the geological sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). The Bureau of Economic Geology (BEG) at The University of Texas at Austin, under contract with DOE, has studied the potential for sequestration of CO 2 in geologic formations of the United States as part of a broader series of DOE-sponsored research projects to

22

High Resolution Simulation and Characterization of Density-Driven Flow in CO2 Storage in Saline Aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at which CO2 gas dissolves into a negatively buoyant aqueous phase, will reach a stabilized state the immiscible CO2 gas that forms on top of the brine from leaking to the surface. However, on geological timeHigh Resolution Simulation and Characterization of Density-Driven Flow in CO2 Storage in Saline

23

Numerical Modeling Studies of The Dissolution-Diffusion-Convection ProcessDuring CO2 Storage in Saline Aquifers  

SciTech Connect

For purposes of geologic storage, CO2 would be injected into saline formations at supercritical temperature and pressure conditions, and would form a separate phase that is immiscible with the aqueous phase (brine). At typical subsurface temperature and pressure conditions, supercritical CO2 (scCO2) has lower density than the aqueous phase and would experience an upward buoyancy force. Accordingly, the CO2 is expected to accumulate beneath the caprock at the top of the permeable interval, and could escape from the storage formation wherever (sub-)vertical pathways are available, such as fractures or faults through the caprock, or improperly abandoned wells. Over time, an increasing fraction of CO2 may dissolve in the aqueous phase, and eventually some of the aqueous CO2 may react with rock minerals to form poorly soluble carbonates. Dissolution into the aqueous phase and eventual sequestration as carbonates are highly desirable processes as they would increase permanence and security of storage. Dissolution of CO2 will establish phase equilibrium locally between the overlying CO2 plume and the aqueous phase beneath. If the aqueous phase were immobile, CO2 dissolution would be limited by the rate at which molecular diffusion can remove dissolved CO2 from the interface between CO2-rich and aqueous phases. This is a slow process. However, dissolution of CO2 is accompanied by a small increase in the density of the aqueous phase, creating a negative buoyancy force that can give rise to downward convection of CO2-rich brine, which in turn can greatly accelerate CO2 dissolution. This study explores the process of dissolution-diffusion-convection (DDC), using high-resolution numerical simulation. We find that geometric features of convection patterns are very sensitive to small changes in problem specifications, reflecting self-enhancing feedbacks and the chaotic nature of the process. Total CO2 dissolution rates on the other hand are found to be quite robust against modest changes in problem parameters, and are essentially constant as long as no dissolved CO2 reaches the lower boundary of the system.

Pruess, Karsten; Zhang, Keni

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

24

Active Self-Assembly Daniel Arbuckle and Aristides A. G. Requicha  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Active Self-Assembly Daniel Arbuckle and Aristides A. G. Requicha Laboratory for Molecular Robotics University of Southern California Los Angeles, USA darbuckl@usc.edu requicha@usc.edu Abstract--Self-assembly. Traditional, or passive, self-assembly techniques have great difficulty in producing the asymmetric structures

Southern California, University of

25

Development of Science-Based Permitting Guidance for Geological Sequestration of CO2 in Deep Saline Aquifers Based on Modeling and Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Underground carbon storage may become one of the solutions to address global warming. However, to have an impact, carbon storage must be done at a much larger scale than current CO{sub 2} injection operations for enhanced oil recovery. It must also include injection into saline aquifers. An important characteristic of CO{sub 2} is its strong buoyancy--storage must be guaranteed to be sufficiently permanent to satisfy the very reason that CO{sub 2} is injected. This long-term aspect (hundreds to thousands of years) is not currently captured in legislation, even if the U.S. has a relatively well-developed regulatory framework to handle carbon storage, especially in the operational short term. This report proposes a hierarchical approach to permitting in which the State/Federal Government is responsible for developing regional assessments, ranking potential sites (''General Permit'') and lessening the applicant's burden if the general area of the chosen site has been ranked more favorably. The general permit would involve determining in the regional sense structural (closed structures), stratigraphic (heterogeneity), and petrophysical (flow parameters such as residual saturation) controls on the long-term fate of geologically sequestered CO{sub 2}. The state-sponsored regional studies and the subsequent local study performed by the applicant will address the long-term risk of the particular site. It is felt that a performance-based approach rather than a prescriptive approach is the most appropriate framework in which to address public concerns. However, operational issues for each well (equivalent to the current underground injection control-UIC-program) could follow regulations currently in place. Area ranking will include an understanding of trapping modes. Capillary (due to residual saturation) and structural (due to local geological configuration) trappings are two of the four mechanisms (the other two are solubility and mineral trappings), which are the most relevant to the time scale of interest. The most likely pathways for leakage, if any, are wells and faults. We favor a defense-in-depth approach, in which storage permanence does not rely upon a primary seal only but assumes that any leak can be contained by geologic processes before impacting mineral resources, fresh ground water, or ground surface. We examined the Texas Gulf Coast as an example of an attractive target for carbon storage. Stacked sand-shale layers provide large potential storage volumes and defense-in-depth leakage protection. In the Texas Gulf Coast, the best way to achieve this goal is to establish the primary injection level below the total depth of most wells (>2,400 m-8,000 ft). In addition, most faults, particularly growth faults, present at the primary injection level do not reach the surface. A potential methodology, which includes an integrated approach comprising the whole chain of potential events from leakage from the primary site to atmospheric impacts, is also presented. It could be followed by the State/Federal Government, as well as by the operators.

Jean-Philippe Nicot; Renaud Bouroullec; Hugo Castellanos; Susan Hovorka; Srivatsan Lakshminarasimhan; Jeffrey Paine

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

26

Modeling CO2 Sequestration in a Saline Reservoir and Depleted Oil Reservoir to Evaluate The Regional CO2 Sequestration Potential of The Ozark Plateau Aquifer System, South-Central Kansas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO CO 2 Sequestration in a Saline Reservoir and Depleted Oil Reservoir to Evaluate The Regional CO 2 Sequestration Potential of The Ozark Plateau Aquifer System, South-Central Kansas Background Carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technologies offer the potential for reducing CO 2 emissions without adversely influencing energy use or hindering economic growth. Deploying these technologies in commercial-scale applications requires adequate geologic formations capable of (1) storing large volumes of CO 2 , (2) receiving injected CO 2 at efficient and economic rates, and (3) retaining CO 2 safely over extended periods. Research efforts are currently focused on conventional and unconventional storage formations within depositional environments such as: deltaic, fluvial, alluvial,

27

CX-007045: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Small-Scale Field Test Demonstrating Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Arbuckle Saline AquiferCX(s) Applied: A1, A9Date: 09/20/2011Location(s): Lawrence, KansasOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

28

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012-2015 Brian Dressel Sumner County, Kansas Small Scale Field Test Demonstrating CO2 Sequestration in Arbuckle Saline Aquifer and by CO2-EOR... Installation of a monitoring...

29

Fluid Flow, Thermal History, and Diagenesis of the Cambrian-Ordovician Arbuckle Group and Overlying Units in South-Central Kansas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A diagenetic study of the Cambrian-Ordovician Arbuckle Group to the Middle Pennsylvanian Cherokee Group in south-central Kansas produced evidence of regional advective fluid flow and more localized fracture-controlled fluid ...

King, Bradley Donald

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

30

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using aquifers for thermal energy storage. Problems outlinedmatical Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers,"ings of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop, Lawrence

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

The effects of juniper removal on rainfall partitioning in the Edwards Aquifer region: large-scale rainfall simulation experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fault zone, and a confined area of both fresh and saline water zones. The Edwards Aquifer is also one of the most productive carbonate aquifers in the United States, with large porosity and high permeability due to limestone dissolution... fault zone, and a confined area of both fresh and saline water zones. The Edwards Aquifer is also one of the most productive carbonate aquifers in the United States, with large porosity and high permeability due to limestone dissolution...

Taucer, Philip Isaiah

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

32

Aquifer Management for CO2 Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Storage of carbon dioxide is being actively considered for the reduction of green house gases. To make an impact on the environment CO2 should be put away on the scale of gigatonnes per annum. The storage capacity of deep saline aquifers...

Anchliya, Abhishek

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

33

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer grindsted denmark Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

worldwide potential: very big Deep saline aquifers 400 - 10,000 Gt (16 - 400yr) Oil and gas... Party Group Sci Tech,. Holyrood 10 Injection: buoyant, then lateral Injection Top...

34

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Zakhidov, 1971. "Storage of Solar Energy in a Sandy-Aquifer Storage of Hot Water from Solar Energy Collectors,"with solar energy systems, aquifer energy storage provides a

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zakhidov, 1971. "Storage of Solar Energy in a Sandy-Gravelwith solar energy systems, aquifer energy storage provides aAquifer Storage of Hot Water from Solar Energy Collectors,"

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

CX-008478: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Small Scale Field Test Demonstrating Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in the Arbuckle Saline Aquifer CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1, B5.3 Date: 06/04/2012 Location(s): Kansas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

37

11.9 - Salinization and Saline Environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter provides an overview of global salinization phenomena and investigates the different mechanisms and geochemical processes that are associated with salinization. The overview includes salinization of rivers, lakes, and groundwater from different parts of the world. Special emphasis is given to the distinction between natural processes and anthropogenic forcing that generates salinity, such as wastewater contamination and agricultural runoff. As such, two anthropogenic salinization cycles are introduced – the agricultural and the domestic. The role of the unsaturated zone in shaping the chemical composition of dryland salinization is also discussed. An overview of the effects of salinity on the occurrence of health-related contaminants such as fluoride, oxyanions (arsenic, selenium, boron), radionuclides, trihalomethanes, and fish-kill algae is presented. Some useful geochemical and isotopic fingerprinting tracers are introduced for elucidating the salinity sources. Finally, the chemical and isotopic compositions of man-made ‘new water’ that is produced from desalination are analyzed with implications for predicting the chemical and isotopic compositions of future water resources in the Anthropocene Era.

A. Vengosh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

The quantitative influence of salinity on the apparent resistivity on a physical model upon salination  

SciTech Connect

The excessive exploitation of groundwater aquifers leads to water table drawdown, and subsequently to the contamination of these aquifers by the intrusion of sea water or other hazardous sources. This worldwide environmental problem is becoming increasingly critical in coastal agricultural areas, where the fine grained materials develop a thick fringe zone. By evapo-transpiration the moisture of this zone pumps up the salt in the dry season, which cannot be efficiently washed away in the wet season. The current study investigates the possibility of an early detection of salination, through systematic observation of electrical resistivity in selected positions with fixed electrode arrays. A direct current electrical profiling system of Wenner configuration was tested in the laboratory using a physical model. The model was constructed of wood and plastic tilled with saturated sand and having a constant water flow of 1.6 l/mn. The model size is 148 by 85 cm for lateral dimensions and 25 cm of sand thickness, with a total porosity of 360%. Upon salination the salt was increasingly added to the system to reach a concentration of 32 g/l. Upon desalination salt water was replaced by fresh water to dilute the water in the system to a concentration of 0.25 g/l. The results show that the relationship between salinity and electrical resistivity is inversely proportional and characterized by linear logarithmic function; the velocity of water flow calculated by abrupt resistivity changes is lower than the hydraulic velocity; the resistivity values for low salinity upon desalination are much different (smaller) than those upon salination of equivalent salt concentrations: the relative change of resistivity upon salination and desalination involves almost equally all features of the tank that have distinctive resistivity values.

Khair, K. [American Univ. of Beirut (Lebanon); Skokan, C. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Formation Damage due to CO2 Sequestration in Saline Aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration is defined as the removal of gas that would be emitted into the atmosphere and its subsequent storage in a safe, sound place. CO2 sequestration in underground formations is currently being considered to reduce...

Mohamed, Ibrahim Mohamed 1984-

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

40

Aquifer behavior with reinjection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AQUIFER BEHAVIOR WITH REINJECTION A Thesis By EUCLIDES JOSE BONET Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ARUM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May, f967 Major Subject... Petroleum Engineering AQUIFER BEHAVIOR WITH REINJECTION A Thesis By E UC LI DES JOSE BONE T Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Member) (Member) May, 1967 ACKNOWLEDGMENT Thanks are due to Petroleo Brasilerio S...

Bonet, Euclides Jose

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Managing Soil Salinity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is high enough, the plants will wilt and die, no matter how much you water them. Routine soil testing can identify your soil?s salinity levels and suggest measures you can take to correct the specific salinity problem in your soil. Salinity and salt... The terms salt and salinity are often used inter- changeably, and sometimes incorrectly. A salt is sim- ply an inorganic mineral that can dissolve in water. Many people associate salt with sodium chloride? common table salt. In reality, the salts that affect...

Provin, Tony; Pitt, John L.

2001-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

42

Analyzing aquifers associated with gas reservoirs using aquifer influence functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANALYZING AQUIFERS ASSOCIATED WITH GAS RESERVOIRS USING AQUIFER INFLUENCE FUNCTIONS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE TARGAC Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE V z May 1988 z V z z I- Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering ANALYZING AQUIFERS ASSOCIATED WITH GAS RESERVOIRS USING AQUIFER INFLUENCE FUNCTIONS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE TARGAC Approved as to style and content by: (Chair of Committ R...

Targac, Gary Wayne

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Demineralization of Saline Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...application to saline-water conversion of the electrodialysis process than...Webster well water would danmage the electrodialysis memiibrane...stack. In the electrodialysis process, power...thus potable water, meeting health...

W. S. Gillam; J. W. McCutchan

1961-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

44

Avg.salinity(ppt) Femalecrabnumber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NERR quarterly for 11 time periods at 9 stations across a salinity gradient in the Ashpoo (green0 5 10 15 20 25 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Avg.salinity(ppt) Femalecrabnumber > 25 ppt 15-25 ppt ppt Salinity 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Avg.salinity(ppt) Malecrabnumber > 25 ppt 15

Childress, Michael J.

45

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers Coupled withconcept of thermal energy storage in aquifers was suggestedAnnual Thermal Energy Storage Contractors' Information

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Microsoft Word - S08542_Aquifer  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Work Plan for the Enhanced Work Plan for the Enhanced Characterization of the Surficial Aquifer Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site June 2012 LMS/RVT/S08542 This page intentionally left blank LMS/RVT/S08542 Work Plan for the Enhanced Characterization of the Surficial Aquifer Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site June 2012 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Work Plan for the Enhanced Characterization of the Surficial Aquifer, Riverton, Wyoming June 2012 Doc. No. S08542 Page i Contents Abbreviations .................................................................................................................................. ii 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................1

47

Transboundary aquifers: Southwestern states assess  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tx H2O | pg. 14 Southwestern states assess Researchers from three universities in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona and from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are partnering on a new project to evaluate aquifers that span the United States... and Mexico borders. The federally funded project, known as United States-Mexico Transboundary Aquifer Assessment, will provide a scientific foundation for state and local officials to address pressing water resources challenges in the United States...

Wythe, Kathy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Issues Related to Seismic Activity Induced by the Injection of CO2 in Deep Saline Aquifiers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ISSUES RELATED TO SEISMIC ACTIVITY INDUCED BY THE INJECTION ISSUES RELATED TO SEISMIC ACTIVITY INDUCED BY THE INJECTION OF CO 2 IN DEEP SALINE AQUIFERS Joel Sminchak (sminchak@battelle.org; 614-424-7392) Neeraj Gupta (gupta@battelle.org; 614-424-3820) Battelle Memorial Institute 505 King Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43201 Charles Byrer (a) and Perry Bergman (b) National Energy Technology Laboratory (a) P.O. Box 880, Morgantown, WV, 26507-0880 (b) P.O. Box 10940, Pittsburgh, PA, 15236-0940 Abstract Case studies, theory, regulation, and special considerations regarding the disposal of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) into deep saline aquifers were investigated to assess the potential for induced seismic activity. Formations capable of accepting large volumes of CO 2 make deep well injection of CO 2 an attractive option. While seismic implications must be considered for injection

49

Nekton community change along estuarine salinity gradients: Can salinity zones be defined?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Organisms tend to inhabit predictable portions of estuaries along salinity gradients between the ocean inlets (salinity > 35 psu) and the freshwater tributaries (salinity = 0). Previous studies have suggested ......

Marin F. D. Greenwood

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and J. Schwarz, Survey of Thermal Energy Storage in AquifersLow Temperature Thermal Energy Storage Program of Oak RidgeAquifers for Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage: An Overview of

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Salinity Gradient Energy at River Mouths  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Salinity Gradient Energy at River Mouths ... River mouths are potentially abundant locations for the exploitation of the clean and renewable salinity gradient energy (SGE) as here perpetually fresh water mixes with saline seawater. ...

Oscar Alvarez-Silva; Christian Winter; Andres F. Osorio

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

52

Crops for a Salinized World  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...including Pakistan, India, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco...tolerate salinity require energy and therefore might...for animals, but also renewable energy (biofuel and biodiesel...traditional raw materials for energy production—oil...

Jelte Rozema; Timothy Flowers

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

53

An evaluation of aquifer intercommunication between the unconfined and Rattlesnake Ridge aquifers on the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

During 1986, Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a study of a portion of the Rattlesnake Ridge aquifer (confined aquifer) that lies beneath the B Pond - Gable Mountain Pond area of the Hanford Site. The purpose was to determine the extent of intercommunication between the unconfined aquifer and the uppermost regionally extensive confined aquifer, referred to as the Rattlesnake Ridge aquifer. Hydraulic head data and chemical data were collected from the ground water in the study area during December 1986. The hydraulic head data were used to determine the effects caused by water discharged to the ground from B Pond on both the water table of the unconfined aquifer and the potentiometric surface of the confined aquifer. The chemical data were collected to determine the extent of chemical constituents migrating from the unconfined aquifer to the confined aquifer. Analysis of chemical constituents in the Rattlesnake Ridge aquifer demonstrated that communication between the unconfined and confined aquifers had occurred. However, the levels of contaminants found in the Rattlesnake Ridge aquifer during this study were below the DOE Derived Concentration Guides.

Jensen, E.J.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers Coupled withLow Temperature Thermal Energy Storage Program of Oak Ridgefor Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage: An Overview of the DOE-

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Aquifer Protection Area Land Use Regulations (Connecticut)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations describe allowable activities within aquifer protection areas, the procedure by which such areas are delineated, and relevant permit requirements. The regulations also describe...

56

EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDIES OF THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Proceed- ings of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers Work-Mathematical Modeling of Thermal Energy storage in Aquifers.In Proceed- ings of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers Work-

Tsang, Chin Fu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS - - A SURVEY OF RECENT THEORETICAL STUDIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

temperature underground thermal energy storage. In Proc. Th~al modeling of thermal energy storage in aquifers. In ~~-Mathematical modeling; thermal energy storage; aquifers;

Tsang, Chin Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Water conservation reserve program alternatives for the southern Ogallala aquifer.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Ogallala Aquifer is a vast resource underlying parts of eight states. The southern portion of the Ogallala Aquifer is considered to be an exhaustible… (more)

Wheeler, Erin Alexis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

THE SNAKE RIVER PLAIN AQUIFER THE SNAKE RIVER...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the complex to be found in the aquifer are volatile organic contaminants - particularly carbon tetrachloride ("carbon tet"). The carbon tet found in the aquifer is attributed to...

60

The INL and the Snake River Plain Aquifer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the complex to be found in the aquifer are volatile organic contaminants particularly carbon tetrachloride (carbon tet). The carbon tet found in the aquifer is attributed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Analysis of Mineral Trapping for CO2 Disposal in Deep Aquifers  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reactive Geochemical Transport Simulation to Study Mineral Trapping Reactive Geochemical Transport Simulation to Study Mineral Trapping for CO 2 Disposal in Deep Saline Arenaceous Aquifers Tianfu Xu, John A. Apps, and Karsten Pruess Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract. A reactive fluid flow and geochemical transport numerical model for evaluating long-term CO 2 disposal in deep aquifers has been developed. Using this model, we performed a number of sensitivity simulations under CO 2 injection conditions for a commonly encountered Gulf Coast sediment to analyze the impact of CO 2 immobilization through carbonate precipitation. Geochemical models are needed because alteration of the predominant host rock aluminosilicate minerals is very slow and is not

62

Water salinity of the First Eocene reservoir: Its unique behaviour and influence on reservoir engineering calculations  

SciTech Connect

The salinity of the produced water from First Eocene reservoir of Wafra field was studied through its past history. The change in the salinity of the initially produced water (from about 500 to 20,000 ppm NaCl) was attributed to the meteoric water which might have entered the reservoir through its outcrops to the west of the field. The correct value of the connate water salinity (23,000 ppm) that should be used in estimating the original oil in place by the volumetric method was determined by three different approaches. In addition, a technique to be followed in calculating the volumetric original oil in place for the First Eocene reservoir is outlined to overcome the complex behaviour of aquifer salinity. The change in the produced water salinity of the First Eocene reservoir with time was studied and proved that water is dumping from an upper water bearing zone into First Eocene reservoir. Upper water dumping, which apparently has supported the reservoir pressure, was confirmed to occur behind casing in many deeper wells penetrating the First Eocene reservoir by the analysis of their temperature and noise logs.

Ghoniem, S.A.A.; Al-Zanki, F.H.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Water salinity of First Eocene reservoir: Unique behavior and influence on reservoir engineering calculations  

SciTech Connect

The salinity of the produced water from the First Eocene reservoir of the Wafra field was studied through its history. The change in the salinity of the initially produced water (from about 500 to 20,000 ppm NaCl) was attributed to meteoric water that might have entered the reservoir through outcrops west of the field. The correct value of the interstitial water salinity (23,000ppm) that should be used in estimating the original oil in place (OOIP) by the volumetric method was determined by three different approaches. In addition, a technique to overcome the complex behavior of aquifer salinity in calculating the volumetric OOIP for the First Eocene reservoir is outlined. A study of the change in the produced water salinity of the First Eocene reservoir with time proved that water is dumping from an upper water-bearing zone into the reservoir. Analysis of temperature and noise logs confirmed that this upper water dumping, which apparently has supported the reservoir pressure, occurred behind casing in many deeper wells penetrating the First Eocene reservoir.

Ghoniem, S.A.; Al-Zanki, F.H.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Salinity patterns in the Houston Ship Channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. There is an up- stream flow in both surface and bottom layers, with downstream flow at intermediate depths. The salinity pzofiles indicate a reduction in the salinity gradient near the surface in these conditions and, in fact, the occurrence of unstable.... There is an up- stream flow in both surface and bottom layers, with downstream flow at intermediate depths. The salinity pzofiles indicate a reduction in the salinity gradient near the surface in these conditions and, in fact, the occurrence of unstable...

Withers, Richard Ercelray

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

65

Salinity Control in Irrigation Agriculture.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plus enough to keep salt leached to a satisfactory level . A heavy preplcmt irrigation may be desirable . Irrigate more often than necessary under non- saline conditions . Provide adequate drainage . The free water ta- ble should be at least 5... to 6 feet below the surface . Select crops tolerant to your salt conditions . Plant good seed under optimum moisture and temperature conditions . Fertilize to replace nutrients lost by leaching and to maintain adequate fertility . Use soil...

Longenecker, Donald E.; Lyerly, Paul J.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Feasibility of Geophysical Monitoring of Carbon-Sequestrated Deep Saline Aquifers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Customer Service: 1-800-553-7681 Customer Service: 1-800-553-7681 Projec t Fac ts Carbon Sequestration ContaCtS Sean Plasynski Sequestration Technology Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 412-386-4867 sean.plasynski@netl.doe.gov William W. Aljoe Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 412-386-6569 william.aljoe@netl.doe.gov Subhashis Mallick

67

REACTIVE MULTIPHASE BEHAVIOR OF CO{sub 2} IN SALINE AQUIFERS BENEATH THE COLORADO PLATEAU  

SciTech Connect

Field and laboratory investigations of naturally occurring CO{sub 2}-reservoirs are being conducted to determine the characteristics of potential seal and reservoir units and the extent of the interactions that occur between the host rocks and the CO{sub 2} charged fluids. Efforts have focused on the Farnham Dome, located in central Utah, and the Springer-St. Johns field in Arizona and New Mexico. The Springer-St. Johns field is particularly significant because of the presence of extensive travertine deposits that document release of CO{sub 2} to the atmosphere. CO{sub 2} accumulations at both fields occur in sedimentary rocks typical of CO{sub 2} reservoirs occurring on the Colorado Plateau. The main achievements were: (1) to assess the possibility of CO{sub 2} leakage from the Farnham Dome of central Utah; and (2) prepare a paper for presentation at the 3rd Annual Conference on Carbon Sequestration.

R.G. Allis; J. Moore; S. White

2003-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

68

The Economics of CO2 Transport by Pipeline and Storage in Saline Aquifers and Oil Reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that I was getting lost in the details and giving me the push I needed--which he didn't hesitate to do are to the most important people in my life. My parents, Ed and Peggy, and my brother Kyle, taught me that hard work will get you wherever you want to go in life. Without my parents support I wouldn't be where I am

69

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN APPLICATIONS FOR MODELING AND ASSESSING CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION IN SALINE AQUIFERS  

SciTech Connect

This project was a computer modeling effort to couple reservoir simulation and ED/RSM using Sensitivity Analysis, Uncertainty Analysis, and Optimization Methods, to assess geologic, geochemical, geomechanical, and rock-fluid effects and factors on CO2 injectivity, capacity, and plume migration. The project objective was to develop proxy models to simplify the highly complex coupled geochemical and geomechanical models in the utilization and storage of CO2 in the subsurface. The goals were to investigate and prove the feasibility of the ED/RSM processes and engineering development, and bridge the gaps regarding the uncertainty and unknowns of the many geochemical and geomechanical interacting parameters in the development and operation of anthropogenic CO2 sequestration and storage sites. The bottleneck in this workflow is the high computational effort of reactive transport simulation models and large number of input variables to optimize with ED/RSM techniques. The project was not to develop the reactive transport, geomechanical, or ED/RSM software, but was to use what was commercially and/or publically available as a proof of concept to generate proxy or surrogate models. A detailed geologic and petrographic mineral assemblage and geologic structure of the doubly plunging anticline was defined using the USDOE RMOTC formations of interest data (e.g., Lower Sundance, Crow Mountain, Alcova Limestone, and Red Peak). The assemblage of 23 minerals was primarily developed from literature data and petrophysical (well log) analysis. The assemblage and structure was input into a commercial reactive transport simulator to predict the effects of CO2 injection and complex reactions with the reservoir rock. Significant impediments were encountered during the execution phase of the project. The only known commercial reactive transport simulator was incapable of simulating complex geochemistry modeled in this project. Significant effort and project funding was expended to determine the limitations of both the commercial simulator and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) R&D simulator, TOUGHREACT available to the project. A simplified layer cake model approximating the volume of the RMOTC targeted reservoirs was defined with 1-3 minerals eventually modeled with limited success. Modeling reactive transport in porous media requires significant computational power. In this project, up to 24 processors were used to model a limited mineral set of 1-3 minerals. In addition, geomechanical aspects of injecting CO2 into closed, semi-open, and open systems in various well completion methods was simulated. Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) as a storage method was not modeled. A robust and stable simulation dataset or base case was developed and used to create a master dataset with embedded instructions for input to the ED/RSM software. Little success was achieved toward the objective of the project using the commercial simulator or the LBNL simulator versions available during the time of this project. Several hundred realizations were run with the commercial simulator and ED/RSM software, most having convergence problems and terminating prematurely. A proxy model for full field CO2 injection sequestration utilization and storage was not capable of being developed with software available for this project. Though the chemistry is reasonably known and understood, based on the amount of effort and huge computational time required, predicting CO2 sequestration storage capacity in geologic formations to within the program goals of ±30% proved unsuccessful.

Rogers, John

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

70

THEORETICAL STUDIES IN LONG-TERM THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematical Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers.of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop, LawrenceF.P. "Thermal Energy Storage in a Confined Aquifer- Second

Tsang, C.F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HAUSZ, W. , 1977. "Seasonal Storage in District Heating,"District Heating, July-August-September, 1977, pp. 5-11.aquifer storage for district heating and cooling. C. W.

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE-A SURVEY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zakhidov, R. A. 8 1971, Storage of solar energy in a sandy-aquifers for heat storage, solar captors for heat productionthermal energy storage for cogeneration and solar systems,

Tsang, Chin Fu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Streamline simulation of Surfactant Enhanced Aquifer Remediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nonaqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLS) are a recognized source of groundwater contamination. Surfactant Enhanced Aquifer Remediation (SEAR) shows promise in increasing the efficiency and effectiveness over traditional "pump and treat" NAPL remediation...

Tunison, Douglas Irvin

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

The Edwards Aquifer: An Economic Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

now served by the Edwards Aquifer. A system of transferable groundwater rights is commendable for several reasons. It is flexible because it accomodates unforeseeable future shifts in demand. Transferable rights allow voluntary action on behalf...

Merrifield, John D.; McCarl, Bruce A.; Griffin, Ronald C.; Emerson, Peter M.; Collinge, Robert A.

75

Hydrogeological restrictions to saline ground-water discharge in the Red River of the North drainage basin, North Dakota  

SciTech Connect

Discharge of saline water from bedrock aquifers along the eastern margin of the Williston basin is restricted by surficial glacial till and lacustrine deposits in the Red River of the North drainage basin. Water from these aquifers reaches the surface by (1) diffusion; (2) slow, upward seepage along zones of relatively larger hydraulic conductivity in the till and lacustrine deposits; or (3) flow from artesian wells. Ground-water quality varies near the surface because of mixing of water being discharged from bedrock aquifers with shallower ground water in the surficial deposits. Ground-water quality, hydraulic-gradient, and hydraulic-conductivity data obtained from pumped-well and slug tests indicate that flow in the surficial deposits is eastward, but at slow rates because of small hydraulic conductivities. Base-flow and specific-conductance measurements of water in tributaries to the Red River of the North indicate that focused points of ground-water discharge result in substantial increases in salinity in surface water in the northern part of the basin in North Dakota. Core analyses and drillers' logs were used to generalize hydrogeologic characteristics of the deposits in the basin, and a two-dimensional ground-water-flow model was used to simulate the basin's geohydrologic processes. Model results indicate that the ground-water flow paths in the bedrock aquifers and surficial deposits converge, and that water from the bedrock aquifers contributes to the overall increase in ground-water discharge toward the east. Model results are supported by water-quality data collected along an east-west hydrogeologic section.

Strobel, M.L. (Geological Survey, Grand Forks, ND (United States) Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Salinity Control in Irrigation Agriculture.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management pra TEST - DON'T GUESS. : .: Apply water uniformly by using a properly designed irrigation system and by leveling where necc Apply enough water for the crop plus enough to keep salt leached to a satisfactory level. A preplant irrigation may... be desirable. Irrigate more often than necessary under non-saline conditions. Provide adequate drainage. The free water table should be at least 5 to 6 feet below the SI Select crops tolerant to your salt conditions. Plant good seed under optimum moisture...

Longenecker, Donald E.; Lyerly, Paul J.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Aquitard control of stream-aquifer interaction and flow to a horizontal well in coastal aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from aquitard as a source term inside the aquifer which is called Hantush�s assumption (1964), we linked flows in aquitard and aquifer by the idea of continuity of flux and drawdown. The result in this chapter is compared with that of Zhan and Park...

Sun, Dongmin

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

78

Efficient parallel simulation of CO2 geologic sequestration insaline aquifers  

SciTech Connect

An efficient parallel simulator for large-scale, long-termCO2 geologic sequestration in saline aquifers has been developed. Theparallel simulator is a three-dimensional, fully implicit model thatsolves large, sparse linear systems arising from discretization of thepartial differential equations for mass and energy balance in porous andfractured media. The simulator is based on the ECO2N module of the TOUGH2code and inherits all the process capabilities of the single-CPU TOUGH2code, including a comprehensive description of the thermodynamics andthermophysical properties of H2O-NaCl- CO2 mixtures, modeling singleand/or two-phase isothermal or non-isothermal flow processes, two-phasemixtures, fluid phases appearing or disappearing, as well as saltprecipitation or dissolution. The new parallel simulator uses MPI forparallel implementation, the METIS software package for simulation domainpartitioning, and the iterative parallel linear solver package Aztec forsolving linear equations by multiple processors. In addition, theparallel simulator has been implemented with an efficient communicationscheme. Test examples show that a linear or super-linear speedup can beobtained on Linux clusters as well as on supercomputers. Because of thesignificant improvement in both simulation time and memory requirement,the new simulator provides a powerful tool for tackling larger scale andmore complex problems than can be solved by single-CPU codes. Ahigh-resolution simulation example is presented that models buoyantconvection, induced by a small increase in brine density caused bydissolution of CO2.

Zhang, Keni; Doughty, Christine; Wu, Yu-Shu; Pruess, Karsten

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - acidic uranium-contaminated aquifer Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(19% of wells) and Other (14% of wells) aquifers and none in the Ogallala-N aquifer. Uranium... ... 69...

80

A Lumped Parameter Model for the Edwards Aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lumped parameter model has been developed to simulate monthly water levels and spring flows in the Edwards Aquifer. It is less complex and easier to use than the existing complex finite difference models for the Edwards Aquifer. The lumped...

Anaya, Roberto; Wanakule, Nisai

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Water Salination: A Source of Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...temperature releases free energy. Salination power...1010 watts. The energy flux available for...osmotic salination converter could possibly operate...efficiency. This energy source is renewable...of tidal, geo-thermal, wind, and hydroelectric...nonequilibrium state of the oceans (2) have been proposed...

Richard S. Norman

1974-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

82

Application of the decline curve method to aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

curves for Fetkovich aquifers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . 22 23 24 11a. Semi-log straight line behavior for an aquifer in pseudosteady state. . . . . . . . . . 24 1 lb, Comparison between the normalized influx rate... early for a strong water drive and later for a weak aquifer support. This fact is concluded by Bruns and Fetkovich3 where the authors studied the effect of water influx on p/z plot and showed that shape depends not only on the strength of the aquifer...

Potnis, Girish Vijay

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Property:SalinityAverage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SalinityAverage SalinityAverage Jump to: navigation, search Property Name SalinityAverage Property Type Number Description Mean average of the low and high end measurements of the salinity [ppm] of the fluid. This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: C Coso Geothermal Area Pages using the property "SalinityAverage" Showing 19 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + 975 + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 700 + Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + 4300 + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 3500 + C Chena Geothermal Area + 325 + D Desert Peak Geothermal Area + 6700 + Dixie Valley Geothermal Area + 2295 + E East Mesa Geothermal Area + 3750 + G Geysers Geothermal Area + 217 + K Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area + 18750 +

84

Reconstructing Past Ocean Salinity ((delta)18Owater)  

SciTech Connect

Temperature and salinity are two of the key properties of ocean water masses. The distribution of these two independent but related characteristics reflects the interplay of incoming solar radiation (insolation) and the uneven distribution of heat loss and gain by the ocean, with that of precipitation, evaporation, and the freezing and melting of ice. Temperature and salinity to a large extent, determine the density of a parcel of water. Small differences in temperature and salinity can increase or decrease the density of a water parcel, which can lead to convection. Once removed from the surface of the ocean where 'local' changes in temperature and salinity can occur, the water parcel retains its distinct relationship between (potential) temperature and salinity. We can take advantage of this 'conservative' behavior where changes only occur as a result of mixing processes, to track the movement of water in the deep ocean (Figure 1). The distribution of density in the ocean is directly related to horizontal pressure gradients and thus (geostrophic) ocean currents. During the Quaternary when we have had systematic growth and decay of large land based ice sheets, salinity has had to change. A quick scaling argument following that of Broecker and Peng [1982] is: the modern ocean has a mean salinity of 34.7 psu and is on average 3500m deep. During glacial maxima sea level was on the order of {approx}120m lower than present. Simply scaling the loss of freshwater (3-4%) requires an average increase in salinity a similar percentage or to {approx}35.9psu. Because much of the deep ocean is of similar temperature, small changes in salinity have a large impact on density, yielding a potentially different distribution of water masses and control of the density driven (thermohaline) ocean circulation. It is partly for this reason that reconstructions of past salinity are of interest to paleoceanographers.

Guilderson, T P; Pak, D K

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

85

A preliminary sub-basin scale evaluation framework of site suitability for onshore aquifer-based CO{sub 2} storage in China  

SciTech Connect

Development of a reliable, broadly applicable framework for the identification and suitability evaluation of potential CO{sub 2} storage sites is essential before large-scale deployment of carbon dioxide capture and geological storage (CCS) can commence. In this study, a sub-basin scale evaluation framework was developed to assess the suitability of potential onshore deep saline aquifers for CO{sub 2} storage in China. The methodology, developed in consultation with experts from the academia and the petroleum industry in China, is based on a multi-criteria analysis (MCA) framework that considers four objectives: (1) storage optimization, in terms of storage capacity and injectivity; (2) risk minimization and storage security; (3) environmental restrictions regarding surface and subsurface use; and (4) economic considerations. The framework is designed to provide insights into both the suitability of potential aquifer storage sites as well as the priority for early deployment of CCS with existing CO{sub 2} sources. Preliminary application of the framework, conducted using GIS-based evaluation tools revealed that 18% of onshore aquifer sites with a combined CO{sub 2} storage capacity of 746 gigatons are considered to exhibit very high suitability, and 11% of onshore aquifer sites with a total capacity of 290 gigatons exhibit very high priority opportunities for implementation. These onshore aquifer sites may provide promising opportunities for early large-scale CCS deployment and contribute to CO{sub 2} mitigation in China for many decades.

Wei, Ning; Li, Xiaochun; Wang, Ying; Dahowski, Robert T.; Davidson, Casie L.; Bromhal Grant S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Salinity Variations in the Southern California Current* NIKLAS SCHNEIDER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

advection of the mean salinity gradient accumulates along the mean south- ward trajectory alongSalinity Variations in the Southern California Current* NIKLAS SCHNEIDER International Pacific and salinity variations have very different interannual variability. Temperature varies within and above

Wang, Yuqing

87

Chapter 5 Salinity Gradient Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There exists a huge potential for the generation of energy from the mixing of saltwater and freshwater. The potential is 2.6 TW, which is more than the global electricity consumption (2.0 TW). Two membrane-based technologies exist to convert this potentially available energy into useful power: pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) and reverse electrodialysis (RED). In PRO, water is transported through a semipermeable membrane from the less concentrated solution toward the concentrated salt solution to generate power. In RED, salt ions are transported from the concentrated salt solution through ion exchange membranes toward the less concentrated solution to extract the energy. Both technologies were developed in the 1970s and 1980s and both regained interest lately due to recent developments in membrane technology and the need for sustainable energy processes. This chapter describes the potential of salinity gradient energy of both processes in detail, and an overview of the relevant literature on both technologies is presented. Furthermore, it summarizes the recent developments, pilot testing, scale-up, and future expectations of both technologies.

Kitty Nijmeijer; Sybrand Metz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

On observing acoustic backscattering from salinity turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been hypothesized that at sufficiently high levels of oceanic salinity turbulence it should be possible to observe acoustic backscattering. However there have been limited in situmeasurements to confirm this hypothesis. Using an autonomous underwater vehicle equipped with upward and downward looking 1.2 MHz acoustic Doppler current profilers and with turbulence and fine scale sensors measurements were performed in a region of intense turbulence and a strong salinity gradient. The approach taken was to correlate variations in the backscattered acoustic intensity I with a theoretical acoustic backscattering cross section per volume for salinity turbulence ? s to obtain an estimated scattering cross section per volume ? e . Results indicated that of order 50% of the observed region was characterized by salinity turbulence induced backscattering.

Louis Goodman; Marcos M. Sastre-Córdova

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Salinity Gradient Power: Utilizing Vapor Pressure Differences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...high cost, degradation, polariza-tion, and solution pretreatment require-ments. In principle, however, most desa-lination schemes that are reversible are capable of producing power in salina-tion. The scheme we report here does not require...

MARK OLSSON; GERALD L. WICK; JOHN D. ISAACS

1979-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

90

Is Salinity Variability a Benthic Disturbance?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

include: salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, conductivity, oxidation-reduction potential, and depth (Monatgna and Kalke 1992, 1995). Measurements were collected both at depth (0.1 m above bay bottom) and at the surface using a sonde... IS SALINITY VARIABILITY A BENTHIC DISTURBANCE? A Thesis by AMANDA D. VAN DIGGELEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University and the Graduate Faculty of The Texas A&M University – Corpus...

Van Diggelen, Amanda

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

91

Treating nahcolite containing formations and saline zones  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for treating a nahcolite containing subsurface formation includes removing water from a saline zone in or near the formation. The removed water is heated using a steam and electricity cogeneration facility. The heated water is provided to the nahcolite containing formation. A fluid is produced from the nahcolite containing formation. The fluid includes at least some dissolved nahcolite. At least some of the fluid is provided to the saline zone.

Vinegar, Harold J

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

92

Salinity Trends, Variability, and Control in the Northern Reach of the San Francisco Estuary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1977). The estuarine salinity gradient is generally steepestshear dispersion of salinity gradients (Simenstad and others

Enright, Christopher; Culberson, Steven D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Aquifer Structure Identification Using Stochastic Inversion  

SciTech Connect

This study presents a stochastic inverse method for aquifer structure identification using sparse geophysical and hydraulic response data. The method is based on updating structure parameters from a transition probability model to iteratively modify the aquifer structure and parameter zonation. The method is extended to the adaptive parameterization of facies hydraulic parameters by including these parameters as optimization variables. The stochastic nature of the statistical structure parameters leads to nonconvex objective functions. A multi-method genetically adaptive evolutionary approach (AMALGAM-SO) was selected to perform the inversion given its search capabilities. Results are obtained as a probabilistic assessment of facies distribution based on indicator cokriging simulation of the optimized structural parameters. The method is illustrated by estimating the structure and facies hydraulic parameters of a synthetic example with a transient hydraulic response.

Harp, Dylan R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dai, Zhenxue [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wolfsberg, Andrew V [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vrugt, Jasper A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Bioaccumulation of Perfluorochemicals in Pacific Oyster under Different Salinity Gradients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bioaccumulation of Perfluorochemicals in Pacific Oyster under Different Salinity Gradients ... Where Kdsw and Kd0 represent the distribution coefficients in saline and pure water, respectively, S is salinity and kads is a constant for sorption salting constant (?kads = 0.0352?). ... Based on the fact that biotransformation of PFCs is negligible (35), the faster depuration rate for PFCs at higher salinities is attributable to increases in the uptake volume of water associated with increased salinity. ...

Junho Jeon; Kurunthachalam Kannan; Han Kyu Lim; Hyo Bang Moon; Jin Sung Ra; Sang Don Kim

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Estimation of Recharge to the Middle Trinity Aquifer of Central Texas Using Water-Level Fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 23-site monitoring well network located in the Trinity Aquifer region of Central Texas, with all wells penetrating the Middle Trinity Aquifer, was used with available values of aquifer storativity and specific yield to estimate recharge...

Jennings, Marshall; Chad, Thomas; Burch, John; Creutzburg, Brian; Lambert, Lance

96

Property:SalinityLow | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:SalinityLow Jump to: navigation, search Property Name SalinityLow Property Type Number Description Describes lower end measurements of salinity [ppm] of the geothermal fluid. This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 17 subproperties: B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area C Chena Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area D Desert Peak Geothermal Area D cont. Dixie Valley Geothermal Area E East Mesa Geothermal Area G Geysers Geothermal Area K Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area L Lightning Dock Geothermal Area R Raft River Geothermal Area Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area S Salt Wells Geothermal Area Salton Sea Geothermal Area

97

Sampling Irrigated Soils for Salinity Appraisal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

per meter (dSm-1)1 (MIyamoto et al. 1986b). In these examples, the salinity of the surface layer was approximately equal to that of irrigation waters; then it increased almost linearly with depth. 1 A unitofdSm-1 is equal to the conventional... distribution of soil salinity mea sured in 1981, 1982, and 1983 in two sections of pecan orchards basin-irrigated with waters of 1.1 and 4.3 dSm-1 (equal to mmho/cm). Both sections consisted of Saneli silty clay loam (Vertic Torrijluvents). The standard...

Miyamoto, S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

SEASONAL THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS-MATHEMATICAL MODELING STUDIES IN 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage." Lawrence BerkeleyP, Andersen, "'rhermal Energy Storage in a Confined Aquifer~University Thermal Energy Storage Experiment." Lawrence

Tsang, Chin Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer subtropical africa Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge 2003 12;-ii- Acknowledgements Tim Blair introduced the aquifer... aquifers in Jordan as an example to demonstrate the theoretical formulations. However, by ... Source:...

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - alto piura aquifer Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge 2003 12;-ii- Acknowledgements Tim Blair introduced the aquifer... aquifers in Jordan as an example to demonstrate the theoretical formulations. However, by ... Source:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE. A NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF AUBURN UNIVERSITY FIELD EXPERIMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Auburn University Thermal Energy Storage , LBL No. 10194.Mathematical modeling of thermal energy storage in aquifers,of Current Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Programs (in

Tsang, Chin Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

THEORETICAL STUDIES IN LONG-TERM THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematical Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers.of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop, Lawrencewithin the Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage program managed

Tsang, C.F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

SEASONAL THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS-MATHEMATICAL MODELING STUDIES IN 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage." Lawrence Berkeleythe Auburn University Thermal Energy Storage Experiment."LBL~l0208 SEASONAL THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS~

Tsang, Chin Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifers case study Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the conned aquifer will be controlled mainly by leakage. The study also... the tide-induced groundwater uctuation in a conned aquifer. This ... Source: Jiao, Jiu...

105

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerobic shallow aquifer Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the characteristics of the shallow aquifers (depth, thickness, transmisivity, chemical... energy exploitability1 of aquifers; one talks about the ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique,...

106

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer system california Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

coastal aquifers', Hydrological Sciences Journal... ;Theoretical study of the impact of tide-induced airflow on hydraulic head in air-confined coastal aquifers Source: Jiao, Jiu...

107

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer testing recommendations Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of... of estimated aquifer parameters is demonstrated by analysing the pumping test data at Cottam in the Nottingham... the spatial distribution of aquifer properties and...

108

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer column studies Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the site... of the Aquifer-Test Site The aquifer at the study site is composed of unconsolidated glacial outwash sediments... ESTIMATION OF HYDRAULIC PARAMETERS FROM AN UNCONFINED...

109

Radon Concern in the Hickory Aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radon ConcernStory by Amanda Crawford tx H2O | pg. 20 As the primary water source for Mason,Concho, McCulloch, San Saba, Menard, Kimble, and Gillespie counties in Central Texas, the threat of elevated radionuclide concentra- tions... in the Hickory Aquifer's groundwater poses health risks for residents in the area. Radon is a natural, radioactive gas that may be found indoors in air or drinking water. Radon is the decay product of radium, so radon indi- rectly reflects the presence...

Crawford, Amanda

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Fallout Plutonium in an Alkaline, Saline Lake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Mono Lake, a natural closed-basin (3) alkaline, saline lake...3 pCi/m3), and New York Bight (-0.7 pCi/m3) are much...volcanic debris that fills the basin to a depth of 1000 m. Mono...Water is lost from a closed basin lake only by evaporation and...

H. J. SIMPSON; R. M. TRIER; C. R. OLSEN; D. E. HAMMOND; A. EGE; L. MILLER; J. M. MELACK

1980-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

111

Sole Source Aquifer Demonstration Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sole Source Aquifer Demonstration Program Sole Source Aquifer Demonstration Program Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Sole Source Aquifer Demonstration Program Year 1986 Url [[File:|160px|link=http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/search/pagedetails.action?browsePath=Title+42%2FChapter+6a%2FSubchapter+Xii%2FPart+C%2FSec.+300h-6&granuleId=USCODE-2010-title42-chap6A-subchapXII-partC-sec300h-6&packageId=USCODE-2010-title42&collapse=true&fromBrowse=true&bread=true]] Description References US GPO - 42 USC 300H-6[1] Key Dates in Water History[2] The Sole Source Aquifer Demonstration Program provides funding to identify and provide the special protections needed for sole source aquifers. This statute required States with primacy to adopt regulations and begin enforcing them within 18 months of the EPA's promulgation.

112

Interpretation of earth tide response of three deep, confined aquifers |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interpretation of earth tide response of three deep, confined aquifers Interpretation of earth tide response of three deep, confined aquifers Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Interpretation of earth tide response of three deep, confined aquifers Details Activities (3) Areas (3) Regions (0) Abstract: The response of a confined, areally infinite aquifer to external loads imposed by earth tides is examined. Because the gravitational influence of celestial objects occurs over large areas of the earth, the confined aquifer is assumed to respond in an undrained fashion. Since undrained response is controlled by water compressibility, earth tide response can be directly used only to evaluate porous medium compressibility if porosity is known. Moreover, since specific storage S/sub s/ quantifies a drained behavior of the porous medium, one cannot

113

Integrated investigation of seawater intrusion around oil storage caverns in a coastal fractured aquifer using hydrogeochemical and isotopic data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Seawater intrusion can be activated by the construction of underground caverns which act as groundwater sinks near a coastal area. In an environment complicated with such artificial structures, seawater intrusion is not simple and thus needs to be evaluated by means of multiple analytical approaches. This study uses geochemical and isotopic indicators to assess the characteristics of salinized seepage into an underground oil storage cavern in Yeosu, Korea. Cl?/Br? ratios, principal component analysis (PCA) of chemical data, and stable isotope data were used to determine the origin and the extent of salinization. Indications of seawater intrusion into the cavern through fractured bedrocks were observed; however, it was highly probable that another source may have contributed to the observed salinity. The PCA results revealed that the seepage water chemistry was predominantly affected both by seawater mixing and cement material dissolution. The maximum seawater mixing ratio in the seepage water was estimated on the basis of the Cl?–Br? mixing ratio and the Cl?–?18O relation, with the results showing considerable variation ranging from less than 1% to as high as 14%, depending on the cavern location. The spatial variations in the chemical characteristics and in mixing ratios are believed to have resulted from the hydrogeological heterogeneity of the study site, as caused by both fractured aquifer and the cavern facilities.

Jeong-Won Lim; Eunhee Lee; Hee Sun Moon; Kang-Kun Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Lepidium latifolium reproductive potential and seed dispersal along salinity and moisture gradients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preserve where the salinity gradient was narrow. Conversely,production along the salinity gradient between the freshdispersal along salinity and moisture gradients Samuel P.

Leininger, Samuel P.; Foin, Theodore C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Flow Convergence Caused by a Salinity Minimum in a Tidal Channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

circulation when the salinity gradient is in one directionthat the longitudinal salinity gradient at slack-after-floodand thus creates a salinity gradient that contin- uously

Warner, John C.; Schoellhamer, David H.; Burau, Jon R.; Schladow, S. Geoffrey

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

A Tree-Ring Reconstruction of the Salinity Gradient in the Northern Estuary of San Francisco Bay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ring Reconstruction of the Salinity Gradient in the Northernof the seasonal salinity gradient, or low salinity zone (the longitudinal salinity gradient in the northern estuary (

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Salinity tolerance and avoidance in juvenile paddlefish, Polyodon spathula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tank was used to obtain data on salinity avoidance behavior. Bioassays of high-salinity tolerance indicated 24-h and 96-h lethal limits near 10 and 8 ppt, respectively, whether the fish had been acclimated to freshwater or water with 5-ppt salinity...

Vignali, Carl R

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Energy Conversion from Salinity Gradients by Forward Osmosis–Electrokinetics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy Conversion from Salinity Gradients by Forward Osmosis–Electrokinetics ... Through the use of a salinity gradient, a suction force is created to induce a hydrodynamic flow in the FO submodule based on the principle of FO. ... Kiviat, F. E.Energy Recovery from Saline Water by Means of Electrochemical Cells Science 1976, 194, 719– 720 ...

Yanmei Jiao; Chun Yang; Yuejun Kang

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

119

Batteries for Efficient Energy Extraction from a Water Salinity Difference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Salinity-gradient power; mixing entropy; sodium intercalation; energy harvesting ... The entropic energy created by the difference in water salinities is normally dissipated when river water flows into the sea. ... Pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) and reverse electrodialysis (RED) are emerging membrane-based technologies that can convert chemical energy in salinity gradients to useful work. ...

Fabio La Mantia; Mauro Pasta; Heather D. Deshazer; Bruce E. Logan; Yi Cui

2011-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

120

Surface temperature and salinity variations between Tasmania and Antarctica, 19931999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and salinity of a fluid parcel. There is a marked surface density gradient across the ACC, with temperaturesSurface temperature and salinity variations between Tasmania and Antarctica, 1993­1999 Alexis 2002. [1] Continuous surface temperature and salinity measurements have been collected onboard a supply

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Saline, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saline, Michigan: Energy Resources Saline, Michigan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.1667072°, -83.7816075° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.1667072,"lon":-83.7816075,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

122

Effect of salinity on methylation of mercury  

SciTech Connect

Monomethyl and dimethylmercury are potent neurotoxins subject to biomagnification in food webs. This fact was tragically demonstrated by the Minamata and Niigata poisoning incidents in Japan in which 168 persons who ate seafood from mercury polluted waters were poisoned, 52 fatally. Shortly after these two incidents, work conducted in freshwater environments demonstrated the microbial conversion of inorganic and phenylmercury compounds to mono- and di-methylmercury. Consideration of some fragmentary evidence from the literature, however, indicates that the rate and the significance of microbial methylation of mercury in freshwater and saltwater environments may not be the same. A demonstrated relationship between mercury methylation rates and water salinity would greatly influence our thinking about mercury pollution effects in marine versus freshwater environments. Since we were unable to locate published reports on this subject, we are investigating the influence of salinity on the rate of mercury methylation in an estuarine sediment.

Blum, J.E.; Bartha, R.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Interpretation of earth tide response of three deep, confined aquifers  

SciTech Connect

The response of a confined, areally infinite aquifer to external loads imposed by earth tides is examined. Because the gravitational influence of celestial objects occurs over large areas of the earth, the confined aquifer is assumed to respond in an undrained fashion. Since undrained response is controlled by water compressibility, earth tide response can be directly used only to evaluate porous medium compressibility if porosity is known. Moreover, since specific storage S/sub s/ quantifies a drained behavior of the porous medium, one cannot directly estimate S/sub s/from earth tide response. Except for the fact that barometric changes act both on the water surface in the well and on the aquifer as a whole while stress changes associated with earth tides act only in the aquifer, the two phenomena influence the confined aquifer in much the same way. In other words, barometric response contains only as much information on the elastic properties of the aquifer as the earth tide response does. Factors such as well bore storage, aquifer transmissivity, and storage coefficient contribute to time lag and damping of the aquifer response as observed in the well. Analysis shows that the observation of fluid pressure changes alone, without concurrent measurement of external stress changes, is sufficient to interpret uniquely earth tide response. In the present work, change in external stress is estimated from dilatation by assuming a reasonable value for bulk modulus. Earth tide response of geothermal aquifers from Marysville, Montana. East Mesa, California; and Raft River Valley, Idaho, were analyzed, and the ratio of S/sub 3/ to porosity was estimated. Comparison of these estimates with independent pumping tests show reasonable agreement.

Narasimhan, T.N.; Kanehiro, B.Y.; Witherspoon, P.A.

1984-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

Impact of porous medium desiccation during anhydrous CO2 injection in deep saline aquifers: up scaling from experimental  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the atmosphere. CO2 is captured from exhaust gas in power plants or industrial units and then stored of the saturation profile evolution with two phase flow model integrating thermal effects. An up scaling on recent experiments and numerical simulations, the near-well injection zone is identified

Boyer, Edmond

125

TWO-DIMENSIONAL REACTIVE TRANSPORT MODELING OF CO2 INJECTION IN A SALINE AQUIFER AT THE SLEIPNER SITE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. To ensure safety, a low permeable formation, called the cap rock, is required on the top of the storage zone in the brine, and geochemical reactions with the host rock are considered in the model. Two mineralogical assemblages are considered in the Utsira formation, a sand formation that is highly permeable and a shale

Boyer, Edmond

126

Uncertainty analysis of capacity estimates and leakage potential for geologic storage of carbon dioxide in saline aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need to address climate change has gained political momentum, and Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a technology that is seen as being feasible for the mitigation of carbon dioxide emissions. However, there is ...

Raza, Yamama

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Groundwater nitrates in the Seymour Aquifer: problem or resource?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

24 tx H2O Fall 2012 Story by Alejandra Arreola-Triana In the Rolling Plains of Texas, the Seymour Aquifer is the major source of water for Haskell, Jones and Knox counties. #31;e water from the Seymour Aquifer, however, contains nitrate levels... are working on ways to manage the nitrate levels in this aquifer. Tracking the source Nitrates in groundwater can come from runo#27;, fertilizer use, leaks from septic tanks, sewage and erosion of natural deposits, according to the U.S. Environmental...

Arreola-Triana, Alejandra

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Regional aquifers and petroleum in Williston Basin region of US  

SciTech Connect

At least five major aquifers underlie the northern Great Plains of the US, which includes parts of the Williston basin in Montana and North Dakota. These aquifers form a hydrologic system that extends more than 960 km from recharge areas in the Rocky Mountains to discharge areas in eastern North Dakota and the Canadian Provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan. The regional flow system in the aquifers has had a major effect on the chemical composition of ground water within the Williston basin. Hydrodynamic forces may contribute to the accumulation of petroleum within the basin.

Downey, J.S.; Busby, J.F.; Dinwiddie, G.A.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Salinity Tolerances and Biomarkers of Salt Stress in Longfin and Delta Smelt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

habitat based on salinity gradients, little is presentlyorder to move through salinity gradients. They were able to

Kammerer, Brittany

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Simulation analysis of the unconfined aquifer, Raft River Geothermal Area,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Simulation analysis of the unconfined aquifer, Raft River Geothermal Area, Simulation analysis of the unconfined aquifer, Raft River Geothermal Area, Idaho-Utah Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Simulation analysis of the unconfined aquifer, Raft River Geothermal Area, Idaho-Utah Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: This study covers about 1000 mi2 (2600 km2) of the southern Raft River drainage basin in south-central Idaho and northwest Utah. The main area of interest, approximately 200 mi2 (520 km2) of semiarid agricultural and rangeland in the southern Raft River Valley that includes the known Geothermal Resource Area near Bridge, Idaho, was modelled numerically to evaluate the hydrodynamics of the unconfined aquifer. Computed and estimated transmissivity values range from 1200 feet squared per day (110

131

Analyzing aquifer driven reservoirs using a computer-oriented approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new computer-oriented approach for analyzing aquifer driven reservoirs incorporates both geological and historical pressure data to determine original hydrocarbons-in-place and to forecast production. This new approach does not rely entirely...

Flumerfelt, Raymond William

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

On the solute transport in an aquifer-aquitard system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is composed of five chapters and three major contributions are presented in Chapter II, III and IV. Chapter I provided a review of studies on solute transport in aquifer-aquitard system. If the aquitard is considered, two...

Bian, Aiguo

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Seawater circulation in coastal aquifers : processes and impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the subterranean domain of chemical cycling in coastal oceans abutting permeable aquifers, where transport through sediments is dominated by advection, rather than diffusion. We investigate the mechanisms ...

Karam, Hanan Nadim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Injection of Zero Valent Iron into an Unconfined Aquifer Using...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Zero Valent Iron into an Unconfined Aquifer Using Shear-Thinning Fluids."Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 31(1):50-58. Authors: MJ Truex VR Vermeul DP Mendoza BG...

135

Modeling of thermal energy storage in groundwater aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODELING OF THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN GROUNDWATER AQUIFERS A Thesis by DAVID BRYAN REED Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1979... ABSTRACT Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Groundwater Aquifers. (December 1979) David Bryan Reed, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Donald L. Reddell Solar energy is a promising alternate energy source for space heat...

Reed, David Bryan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

136

Analysis of pressure data with the aquifer influence function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANALYSIS OF PRESSURE DATA WITH THE AQUIFER INFllJENCE FUNCTION A Thesis by THEODORE D. EICKS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&N University in partial fulfillment of the requirenmts for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... ~r 1989 Major subject: Petroleum Engineering ANALYSIS OF PRESSURE DATA WITH THE AQUIFER INFIIJENCE FUNCTION A Thesis by Approved as to style and content by: R. A. Startzman (Member) T. G. Rozgonyi (Member) W D. Von nten (Head of troleum...

Eicks, Theodore D

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Reduction of trichloroethylene in a model aquifer with methanotrophic bacteria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REDUCTION OF TRICHLOROETHYLENE IN A MODEL AQUIFER WITH METHANOTROPHIC BACTERIA A Thesis by Duane Dee Hicks Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fullfillment of the requirements for thc degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Civil Engineering REDUCTION OF TRICHLOROETHYLENE IN A MODEL AQUIFER WITH METHANOTROPHIC BACTEPslA A Thesis by Duane Dec Hicks Approved as to style and content by Bill Batchclor (Chair of Committee...

Hicks, Duane Dee

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Methanogens in Central Texas aquifers: a microbiological and molecular study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

METHANOGENS IN CENTRAL TEXAS AQUIFERS: A MICROBIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR STUDY A Thesis by MARTHA JEAN DAVIES MACRAE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8cM University in partial fulfillmen of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Oceanography METHANOGENS IN CENTRAL TEXAS AQUIFERS: A MICROBIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR STUDY A Thesis by MARTHA JEAN DAVIES MACRAE Approved as to style and content by: James W. Ammerman (Chair...

MacRae, Martha Jean Davies

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Analysis of mineral trapping for CO{sub 2} disposal in deep aquifers  

SciTech Connect

CO{sub 2} disposal into deep aquifers has been suggested as a potential means whereby atmospheric emissions of greenhouse gases may be reduced. However, our knowledge of the geohydrology, geochemistry, geophysics, and geomechanics of CO{sub 2} disposal must be refined if this technology is to be implemented safely, efficiently, and predictably. As a prelude to a fully coupled treatment of physical and chemical effects of CO{sub 2} injection, we have analyzed the impact of CO{sub 2} immobilization through carbonate precipitation. A survey of all major classes of rock-forming minerals, whose alteration would lead to carbonate precipitation, indicated that very few minerals are present in sufficient quantities in aquifer host rocks to permit significant sequestration of CO{sub 2}. We performed batch reaction modeling of the geochemical evolution of three different aquifer mineralogies in the presence of CO{sub 2} at high pressure. Our modeling considered (1) redox processes that could be important in deep subsurface environments, (2) the presence of organic matter, (3) the kinetics of chemical interactions between the host rock minerals and the aqueous phase, and (4) CO{sub 2} solubility dependence on pressure, temperature and salinity of the system. The geochemical evolution under both natural background and CO{sub 2} injection conditions was evaluated. In addition, changes in porosity were monitored during the simulations. Results indicate that CO{sub 2} sequestration by matrix minerals varies considerably with rock type. Under favorable conditions the amount of CO{sub 2} that may be sequestered by precipitation of secondary carbonates is comparable with and can be larger than the effect of CO{sub 2} dissolution in pore waters. The precipitation of ankerite and siderite is sensitive to the rate of reduction of ferric mineral precursors such as glauconite, which in turn is dependent on the reactivity of associated organic material. The accumulation of carbonates in the rock matrix and induced rock mineral alteration due to the presence of dissolved CO{sub 2} lead to a considerable decrease in porosity. The numerical experiments described here provide useful insight into sequestration mechanisms, and their controlling geochemical conditions and parameters.

Xu, Tianfu; Apps, John A.; Pruess, Karsten

2001-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

140

Temperature Effects on Energy Production by Salinity Exchange  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From the comparison between CDLE and DLPE we can conclude that in general the salinity difference is a better technology and that the potential advantage of the new proposal is the large availability of water with thermal gradients. ... It only requires electrodes with enough surface area and can be implemented wherever water or any other solvent at two temperatures and/or salinities is available. ... from the salinity gradient. ...

Silvia Ahualli; María M. Fernández; Guillermo Iglesias; Ángel V. Delgado; María L. Jiménez

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Injection of 40,000 tons of CO2 into the Arbuckle Saline Reservoir. Observe responses using a wide array of MVA techniques and determine CO2 storage capacity. Includes temporary...

142

Some Limnological Features of a Shallow Saline Meromictic Lake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

high temperatures at subsurface depths of the lake. ..... sun was stored in the saline waters im- mediately below .... A typical profile of salt distribution in 1955 is

143

SALINITY AND FAUNAL DISTRIBUTION IN THE POCASSET RIVER ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chesapeake Ray, the salinity gradient is stable even if tidal amplitudes arc large and considerable freshwater runoff occurs. Any estuary with a low flushing rate ...

1999-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

144

Determination of salinity gradient power potential in Québec, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrical energy can be produced from the chemical potential difference of two liquids with dissimilar salinities. This source of energy is known as salinity gradient power. In this paper the theory the technologies used to exploit the power the major challenges and their development trends are first presented. Then a modeling of fluxes across semi permeable membranes is proposed and validated. Next an energy balance study is done in order to estimate the power potential for a given salinity gradient system. By applying this study to several rivers in Quebec the salinity power gradient potential is estimated to 45 TWh/yr based on the minimal flow rate of each river.

Y. Berrouche; P. Pillay

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Sensitivity study of CO2 storage capacity in brine aquifers withclosed boundaries: Dependence on hydrogeologic properties  

SciTech Connect

In large-scale geologic storage projects, the injected volumes of CO{sub 2} will displace huge volumes of native brine. If the designated storage formation is a closed system, e.g., a geologic unit that is compartmentalized by (almost) impermeable sealing units and/or sealing faults, the native brine cannot (easily) escape from the target reservoir. Thus the amount of supercritical CO{sub 2} that can be stored in such a system depends ultimately on how much pore space can be made available for the added fluid owing to the compressibility of the pore structure and the fluids. To evaluate storage capacity in such closed systems, we have conducted a modeling study simulating CO{sub 2} injection into idealized deep saline aquifers that have no (or limited) interaction with overlying, underlying, and/or adjacent units. Our focus is to evaluate the storage capacity of closed systems as a function of various reservoir parameters, hydraulic properties, compressibilities, depth, boundaries, etc. Accounting for multi-phase flow effects including dissolution of CO{sub 2} in numerical simulations, the goal is to develop simple analytical expressions that provide estimates for storage capacity and pressure buildup in such closed systems.

Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J.; Rutqvist, J.; Tsang, C-F.

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

146

Aquifer test at Comore Loma No. 4, Idaho Falls, Idaho  

SciTech Connect

An aquifer test was conducted at Comore Loma Well {number_sign}4 to determine the aquifer hydraulic characteristics at this location on July 11 and 12, 1991. Water was withdrawn from Comore Loma Well {number_sign}4 at approximately 850 gallons per minute for 8 hours while monitoring the water level in the plumping well and an observation well 930 ft away. The pumped well showed over 12 ft of drawdown with no discernable drawdown in the observation well. The drawdown in the pumped well was nearly instantaneous, showing little additional drawdown after 1 minute. The transmissivity was calculated to be approximately 140,000 ft{sup 2}/day using the Jacob solution. This gives a hydraulic conductivity of 1300 ft/day for the 110 ft interval tested. The high transmissivity and geologic setting suggest the aquifer may in part produce water from the Snake River Plain aquifer. However, the warm water temperature (71{degrees}F) indicates the presence of a geothermal source typical of the foothills aquifer. The storage coefficient could not be calculated since no water level decline was detected in the observation well.

Hubbell, J.M.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Contaminant transport in aquifers with spatially variable hydraulic and sorption properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...correlated to some degree. The anisotropic structural features that are...statistically stationary and anisotropic random space function (RSF...in granular aquifers, in shales, etc. For illustrative purposes...three-dimensional statistically anisotropic aquifer where K and P are...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

A simulation model for generation of aquifer characteristics and contaminant concentrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remediation of natural systems such as aquifers requires a thorough characterization of its physical and hydraulic properties. Variability in physical and hydraulic properties of aquifers makes design and operation of suitable remediation process...

Deena, Jayaram

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Using GIS Tainted Glasses to Help Subdivide the Ogallala/High Plains Aquifer in Kansas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using GIS Tainted Glasses to Help Subdivide the Ogallala/High Plains Aquifer Brownie Wilson Geohydrology Section Kansas Geological Survey University of Kansas 12th Annual GIS Day @ KU November 20, 2013 The High Plains Aquifer Kansas Geological...

Wilson, Brownie

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

150

Geochemical modeling of an aquifer storage and recovery project in Union County, Arkansas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Sparta aquifer in Union County, Arkansas has served as an important potable water supply to the public and industrial sectors in the area. However, increasing water demand and sustained heavy pumping from the aquifer ...

Zhu, Ni, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Why sequence Sulfur cycling in the Frasassi aquifer?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sulfur cycling in the Frasassi aquifer? sulfur cycling in the Frasassi aquifer? The terrestrial subsurface remains one of the least explored microbial habitats on earth, and is critical for understanding pollutant migration and attenuation, subsurface processes such as limestone dissolution (affecting porosity), and the search for life elsewhere in the solar system and beyond. The deep and sulfidic Frasassi aquifer (of Ancona, Italy) has emerged as a model system for studying sulfur cycling in the terrestrial subsurface, and this sequencing project has relevance for developing applications for wastewater treatment and capabilities relevant for radionuclide, metal and organic pollutant remediation that can be applied at environments at DOE subsurface sites. Principal Investigators: Jennifer Macalady, Penn State University

152

Accidental Gas Emission From Shallow Pressurized Aquifers At Alban Hills  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Accidental Gas Emission From Shallow Pressurized Aquifers At Alban Hills Accidental Gas Emission From Shallow Pressurized Aquifers At Alban Hills Volcano (Rome, Italy)- Geochemical Evidence Of Magmatic Degassing? Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Accidental Gas Emission From Shallow Pressurized Aquifers At Alban Hills Volcano (Rome, Italy)- Geochemical Evidence Of Magmatic Degassing? Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Recent studies suggested that Alban Hills (Rome) is a quiescent and not an extinct volcano, as it produced Holocene eruptions and several lahars until Roman times by water overflow from the Albano crater lake. Alban Hills are presently characterized by high PCO2 in groundwaters and by several cold gas emissions usually in sites where excavations removed the

153

Regional Analysis And Characterization Of Fractured Aquifers In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis And Characterization Of Fractured Aquifers In The Analysis And Characterization Of Fractured Aquifers In The Virginia Blue Ridge And Piedmont Provinces Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Regional Analysis And Characterization Of Fractured Aquifers In The Virginia Blue Ridge And Piedmont Provinces Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Areas related to low-temperature geothermal applications include the recognition of and exploration for deep fracture permeability in crystalline rocks. It is well known that the best currently available downhole techniques to identify the locations of fracture zones in crystalline rocks depend upon the measurement of some thermal parameter such as temperature or heat flow. The temperature-depth profiles and their derivatives provide a direct indication of those fracture zones that

154

E-Print Network 3.0 - anoxic aquifer slurries Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

groundwater and aquifer particles from Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, and Nepal Summary: 1 Comparison of arsenic concentrations in simultaneously-collected...

155

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer microbial community Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that sustains microbial communities capable... Biogeochemical Dynamics: Controlling Uranium Mobility and Bioremediation in Contaminated Aquifers... ) at Rifle, Colorado, is a...

156

Mapping soil salinity changes using remote sensing in Central Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Salinization is a common problem for agriculture in dryland environments and it has greatly affected land productivity and even caused cropland abandonment in Central and Southern Iraq. Hence it is of pressing importance to quantify the spatial distribution of salinity and its changing trend in space and time and ascertain the driving forces thereof. This study aims at such a diachronic salinity mapping and analysis using multitemporal remote sensing taking a pilot site, the Dujaila area in Central Iraq, as an example. For this purpose, field survey and soil sampling were conducted in the 2011–2012 period, and a multitemporal remote sensing dataset consisting of satellite imagery dated 1988–1993, 1998–2002, and 2009–2012 was prepared. An innovative processing approach, the multiyear maxima-based modeling approach, was proposed to develop remote sensing salinity models. After evaluation of their suitability, the relevant models were applied to the images for multitemporal salinity mapping, quantification, and change tracking in space and time. The driving causes of salinization in the study area were evaluated. The results reveal that the developed salinity models can reliably predict salinity with an accuracy of 82.57%, indicating that our mapping methodology is relevant and extendable to other similar environments. In addition, salinity has experienced significant changes in the past 30 years in Dujaila, especially, very strongly salinized land got continuously expanded, and all these changes are related to land use practices and management of farmers, which are closely associated with the macroscopic socioeconomic environment of the country.

Weicheng Wu; Ahmad S. Mhaimeed; Waleed M. Al-Shafie; Feras Ziadat; Boubaker Dhehibi; Vinay Nangia; Eddy De Pauw

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Hydraulics of horizontal wells in fractured shallow aquifer systems Eungyu Parka,*, Hongbin Zhanb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydraulics of horizontal wells in fractured shallow aquifer systems Eungyu Parka,*, Hongbin Zhanb Accepted 1 May 2003 Abstract An analysis of groundwater hydraulic head in the vicinity of a horizontal well in fractured or porous aquifers considering confined, leaky confined, and water-table aquifer boundary

Zhan, Hongbin

158

Simulation of coastal groundwater remediation: the case of Nardò fractured aquifer in Southern Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new theoretical approach for evaluating the sharp interface position in a fractured aquifer was applied to the Nardo aquifer (Southern Italy). The results, based on Dupuit and Ghyben-Herzberg approximations, clearly show both the extent of seawater ... Keywords: Coastal springs, Fractured aquifers, Mathematical models, Seawater intrusion

Costantino Masciopinto

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Saving for dry days: Aquifer storage and recovery may help  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tx H2O | pg. 2 Saving for dry days Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 3 Aquifer storage and recovery may help With reoccurring droughts and growing population, Texas will always be looking for better ways to save or use water. Some water... suppliers in Texas are turning to aquifer storage and recovery. During the dry summer of 2008, the San Antonio Water System (SAWS) had enough assets in its ?bank? (of water) to make with- drawals to meet the needs of its customers. The water bank...

Wythe, Kathy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Effect of Drip Irrigation with Saline Water on Water Use Efficiency and Quality of Watermelons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High ground water salinity, high water table and secondary soil salinization are dominant ... the purposes of eliminating secondary salinity and enhancing water use efficiency, drip irrigation of watermelons with...

Lei Tingwu; Xiao Juan; Li Guangyong; Mao Jianhua…

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Mechanism of Improved Oil Recovery by Low-Salinity Waterflooding in Sandstone Rock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Injection of low-salinity water showed high potentials in improving oil recovery when compared to high-salinity water. However, the optimum water salinity and conditions are uncertain, due to the lack of understanding the mechanisms of fluid...

Nasralla, Ramez

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

162

Composition and relative health of remnant vegetation fringing lakes along a salinity and waterlogging gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Groundwater salinity for the vegetation quadrats was approximated using ... E in the offline system. Using ArcGIS, salinity transects were created between the well locations where samples were taken and a salinity

T. K. Horsnell; K. R. J. Smettem; D. A. Reynolds…

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Changes in the biota of Chany Lake along a salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relationships among salinity and diversity, abundance, biomass of major ... western Siberia, Russia) are examined across a salinity gradient. As salinity increased from 0.8 to 6.4...?1, the species richness of aq...

Laura M. Kipriyanova; Nadezhda I. Yermolaeva; Dmitry M. Bezmaternykh…

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Transition from Planktonic to Benthic Algal Dominance Along a Salinity Gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Highly regulated salinity gradients in solar salt pond concentrating sequences provide...in situ salinity impacts on aquatic flora and fauna. The ... at Useless Inlet in Western Australia vary in salinity from se...

Richard D. Segal; Anya M. Waite; David P. Hamilton

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

High-Performance Ionic Diode Membrane for Salinity Gradient Power Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-Performance Ionic Diode Membrane for Salinity Gradient Power Generation ... These processes can also capture energy from waste heat by generating artificial salinity gradients using synthetic solns., such as thermolytic salts. ... saline brines because of the higher power d. ...

Jun Gao; Wei Guo; Dan Feng; Huanting Wang; Dongyuan Zhao; Lei Jiang

2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

166

MICROBIOLOGY OF AQUATIC SYSTEMS Salinity and Temperature Effects on Physiological Responses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the entire salinity gradient, whereas isolates from Euprymna were the least uniform at Vibrio populations [2]. Since temper- ature and salinity gradients are known to change overMICROBIOLOGY OF AQUATIC SYSTEMS Salinity and Temperature Effects on Physiological Responses

Nishiguchi, Michele

167

A Conceptual Model of the Surface Salinity Distribution in the Oceanic Hadley Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A conceptual model of the salinity distribution in the oceanic Hadley cell is presented. The model pertains to the region of tropical easterly surface winds, where the surface salinity increases poleward from a local salinity minimum near the ...

Johan Nilsson; Heiner Körnich

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Environmental and Transport Effects on Core Measurements of Water Saturation, Salinity, Wettability, and Hydrocarbon Composition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and core surfacing operations can significantly alter the water saturation, salinity, hydrocarbon measurements of water saturation, salinity, hydrocarbon composition, and wettability are critical for accurateSPE 166154 Environmental and Transport Effects on Core Measurements of Water Saturation, Salinity

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

169

Degradation kinetics of aromatic organic solutes introduced into a heterogeneous aquifer  

SciTech Connect

Degradation rates of benzene, p-xylene, naphthalene, and o-dichlorobenzene have been determined in the Columbus, MS aquifer. The objective of this research was to measure the degradation of organic compounds in an aquifer, using pulse injection. Degradation rates of these compounds were calculated, and the rates were related to aquifer structure and hydrologic properties. the injection was made into the saturated zone of the unconfined aquifer. This technique is suggested for future field experiments because it distinguishes solute degradation from solute losses by sorption and evaporation and allows mass balance to be demonstrated throughout the course of the reaction in the aquifer. 18 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

MacIntyre, W.G. (College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA (United States)); Boggs, M. (Tennessee Valley Lab., Norris, TN (United States)); Antworth, C.P.; Stauffer, T.B. (Tyndall Air Force Base, Panama City, FL (United States))

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

E-Print Network 3.0 - alleviating salinity stress Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the relative sensitivity of the two types of gametes to low-salinity stress. Materials and Methods... was restored to about 32 psu. Salinity stress ... Source: Pechenik,...

171

Ammonium Bicarbonate Transport in Anion Exchange Membranes for Salinity Gradient Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ammonium Bicarbonate Transport in Anion Exchange Membranes for Salinity Gradient Energy ... Current status of ion exchange membranes for power generation from salinity gradients ...

Geoffrey M. Geise; Michael A. Hickner; Bruce E. Logan

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

172

Hydrogeologic Controls on Bioactive Zone Development in Biostimulated Aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Faculty of the Graduate School of The University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 2012 _____________________________ Dr. J.F. Devlin, Chair... that this is the approved version of the following dissertation: Hydrogeologic Controls on Bioactive Zone Development in Biostimulated Aquifers _____________________________ Dr. J.F. Devlin, Chair...

Schillig, Peter Curtis

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

173

Groundwater: the processes and global significance of aquifer degradation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...climates in particular, this wastewater is widely used 1968 S. S...aquifers below major areas of wastewater reuse for agricultural irrigation...irrigation efficiencies with wastewater are invariably low, high...after taking account of the recycling of nitrate in irrigation water...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Investigation of Possible Extra ~Recharge During Pumping in Nottinghant .Aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pumping test analysis based on the Theis equation using log-log or semilog curve-matching methods has been and even a large part ofthe recovery period can be fitted very well by the Theis equation. However. In a real pumping test, if the geological condition of an aquifer is not well recognized or a conventional

Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

175

Environmental risk assessment for aquifer thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

This report has been prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory at the request of the International Energy Agency (IEA). The US Department of Energy represents the United States in the IEA for Annex IV, the IEA task for research and development in aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES). Installation and operation of an ATES system is necessarily intrusive to ground-water resources. Therefore, governmental authorities usually require an environmental risk assessment to be performed before permission to construct an ATES system is granted. Writing an accurate statement of risk presupposes a knowledge of aquifer and ground-water characteristics and that an engineering feasibility study has taken place. Effective and logical presentation of the results of the risk assessment can expedite the grant of approval. Introductory remarks should address questions regarding why the ATES project has been proposed, what it is expected to accomplish, and what the expected benefits are. Next, the system configuration, including the aquifer, ATES plant, and well field, should be described in terms of size and location, design components, and thermal and hydraulic capacity. The final element of system design, the predicted annual operating cycle, needs to be described in sufficient detail to allow the reviewer to appreciate the net hydraulic, thermal, and hydrochemical effects imposed on the aquifer. Risks may be environmental or legal. Only after a reviewer has been introduced to the proposed system's design, operation, and scale can risk issues can be identified and weighed against the benefits of the proposed ATES system.

Hall, S.H.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Environmental risk assessment for aquifer thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

This report has been prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory at the request of the International Energy Agency (IEA). The US Department of Energy represents the United States in the IEA for Annex IV, the IEA task for research and development in aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES). Installation and operation of an ATES system is necessarily intrusive to ground-water resources. Therefore, governmental authorities usually require an environmental risk assessment to be performed before permission to construct an ATES system is granted. Writing an accurate statement of risk presupposes a knowledge of aquifer and ground-water characteristics and that an engineering feasibility study has taken place. Effective and logical presentation of the results of the risk assessment can expedite the grant of approval. Introductory remarks should address questions regarding why the ATES project has been proposed, what it is expected to accomplish, and what the expected benefits are. Next, the system configuration, including the aquifer, ATES plant, and well field, should be described in terms of size and location, design components, and thermal and hydraulic capacity. The final element of system design, the predicted annual operating cycle, needs to be described in sufficient detail to allow the reviewer to appreciate the net hydraulic, thermal, and hydrochemical effects imposed on the aquifer. Risks may be environmental or legal. Only after a reviewer has been introduced to the proposed system`s design, operation, and scale can risk issues can be identified and weighed against the benefits of the proposed ATES system.

Hall, S.H.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

AUTOMATED WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS IN SMALL-DIAMETER AQUIFER TUBES  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater contaminated with hexavalent chromium, strontium-90, and uranium discharges into the Columbia River along approximately 16 km (10 mi) of the shoreline. Various treatment systems have and will continue to be implemented to eliminate the impact of Hanford Site contamination to the river. To optimize the various remediation strategies, it is important to understand interactions between groundwater and the surface water of the Columbia River. An automated system to record water levels in aquifer sampling tubes installed in the hyporheic zone was designed and tested to (1) gain a more complete understanding of groundwater/river water interactions based on gaining and losing conditions ofthe Columbia River, (2) record and interpret data for consistent and defensible groundwater/surface water conceptual models that may be used to better predict subsurface contaminant fate and transport, and (3) evaluate the hydrodynamic influence of extraction wells in an expanded pump-and-treat system to optimize the treatment system. A system to measure water levels in small-diameter aquifer tubes was designed and tested in the laboratory and field. The system was configured to allow manual measurements to periodically calibrate the instrument and to permit aquifer tube sampling without removing the transducer tube. Manual measurements were collected with an e-tape designed and fabricated especially for this test. Results indicate that the transducer system accurately records groundwater levels in aquifer tubes. These data are being used to refine the conceptual and numeric models to better understand interactions in the hyporheic zone of the Columbia River and the adjacent river water and groundwater, and changes in hydrochemistry relative to groundwater flux as river water recharges the aquifer and then drains back out in response to changes in the river level.

PETERSEN SW; EDRINGTON RS; MAHOOD RO; VANMIDDLESWORTH PE

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

178

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DE-FE0006821 DE-FE0006821 Univ. of Kansas Center for Research FE Abengoa Bioenergy Corporation SCC/Sequestration Division 2012-2015 Brian Dressel Colwich, Kansas Small Scale Field Test Demonstrating CO2 Sequestration in the Arbuckle Saline Aquifer & by CO2-EOR... Install and operate a skid mounted capture system at an ethanol plant and transport liquid CO2 to injection site at Wellington Field (Sumner County, Kansas). Brian W. Dressel Digitally signed by Brian W. Dressel DN: cn=Brian W. Dressel, o=DOE-NETL, ou=Sequestration, email=Brian.Dressel@NETL.DOE.GOV, c=US Date: 2012.04.20 10:41:32 -04'00' 04 20 2012 Cliff Whyte Digitally signed by Cliff Whyte DN: cn=Cliff Whyte, o=US Dept of Energy, ou=NETL- OPFC, email=Cliff.Whyte@netl.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2012.06.04 08:50:26 -04'00'

179

FE Categorical Exclusions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 21, 2011 September 21, 2011 CX-007019: Categorical Exclusion Determination Diagnosis of Multiple Fracture Stimulation in Horizontal Wells by Downhole Temperature Measurement - Phase 1 CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 09/21/2011 Location(s): College Station, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 20, 2011 CX-007045: Categorical Exclusion Determination Small-Scale Field Test Demonstrating Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Arbuckle Saline Aquifer CX(s) Applied: A1, A9 Date: 09/20/2011 Location(s): Lawrence, Kansas Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 20, 2011 CX-007031: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chemistry of Cathode Surfaces: Fundamental Investigation and Tailoring of Electronic Behavior CX(s) Applied: B3.6

180

Project Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SUMNER SUMNER COUNTY, KANSAS Project Number DE-FE0006821 W. Lynn Watney Kansas Geological Survey Lawrence, KS U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Building the Infrastructure for CO 2 Storage August 21-23, 2012 Fountainview Wednesday 8-21-12 1:10-1:35 2 Presentation Outline * Benefits to the Program * Project Overview * Technical Status * Accomplishments to Date * Summary Small Scale Field Test Wellington Field Regional Assessment of deep saline Arbuckle aquifer Acknowledgements & Disclaimer Acknowledgements * The work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under Grant DE-FE0002056 and DE- FE0006821, W.L. Watney and Jason Rush, Joint PIs. Project is managed and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Project Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SUMNER COUNTY, KANSAS DE-FE0006821 W. Lynn Watney, Jason Rush, Joint PIs Kansas Geological Survey The University of Kansas Lawrence, KS U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Infrastructure for CCS August 20-22, 2013 Brighton 1&2 Wednesday 8-21-13 1:10-1:35 2 Presentation Outline * Benefit to the Program * Project Overview * Technical Status * Accomplishments to Date * Summary 2 Small Scale Field Test Wellington Field Regional Assessment of deep saline Arbuckle aquifer Project Team DOE-NETL Contract #FE0006821 KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY 3 L. Watney (Joint PI), J. Rush (Joint PI), J. Doveton, E. Holubnyak, M. Fazelalavi, R. Miller, D. Newell, J. Raney

182

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FE0006821 FE0006821 Univ. of Kansas Center for Research FE DE-FE0006821 Sequestration Division 2012 Brian Dressel October 1, 2011 - Sept. 30, 2015 Lawrence, KS Small-Scale Field Test Demonstrating CO2 Sequestration in Arbuckle Saline Aquifer & by EOR Activities covered by this action includes paper studies, literature searches, theoretical studies, modeling, conceptual design, feasibility studies, and permitting. 09 16 2011 Brian W. Dressel Digitally signed by Brian W. Dressel DN: cn=Brian W. Dressel, o=DOE-NETL, ou=Sequestration, email=Brian.Dressel@NETL.DOE.GOV, c=US Date: 2011.09.16 08:50:21 -04'00' 09 20 2011 Cliff Whyte Digitally signed by Cliff Whyte DN: cn=Cliff Whyte, o=US Dept of Energy, ou=NETL- OPFC, email=Cliff.Whyte@netl.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2011.09.20 10:25:04 -04'00'

183

USD 307 Ell-Saline Wind Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ell-Saline Wind Project Ell-Saline Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name USD 307 Ell-Saline Wind Project Facility USD 307 Ell-Saline Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Location KS Coordinates 38.77187°, -97.861519° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.77187,"lon":-97.861519,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

184

Physiological and Proteomic Analysis of Salinity Tolerance in Puccinellia tenuiflora  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Protein was extracted from leaves of P. tenuiflora under NaCl conditions for 7 days and separated on 24 cm IPG strips (pH 4–7 linear gradient) using isoelectric focusing (IEF) in the first dimension, followed by 12.5% SDS-PAGE gels in the second dimension. ... In saline soils, high levels of sodium ions lead to plant growth inhibition and even death; therefore, mechanisms of salinity tolerance involve sequestration of Na+ and Cl- in vacuoles of the cells, blocking of Na+ entry into the cell, Na+ exclusion from the transpiration stream, and some other mechanisms that help in salinity tolerance. ... Salt stimulated growth up to an external concn. of 200 mol m-3 NaCl and some growth was maintained at higher salinities. ...

Juanjuan Yu; Sixue Chen; Qi Zhao; Tai Wang; Chuanping Yang; Carolyn Diaz; Guorong Sun; Shaojun Dai

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

185

Thermodynamic, Energy Efficiency, and Power Density Analysis of Reverse Electrodialysis Power Generation with Natural Salinity Gradients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic, Energy Efficiency, and Power Density Analysis of Reverse Electrodialysis Power Generation with Natural Salinity Gradients ... solns. of different salinities. ... River mouths are potentially abundant locations for the exploitation of the clean and renewable salinity gradient energy (SGE) as here perpetually fresh water mixes with saline seawater. ...

Ngai Yin Yip; David A. Vermaas; Kitty Nijmeijer; Menachem Elimelech

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

186

PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. verticalis and native Corixidae along a salinity gradient. Second, we experimentally tested the salinity in the field study, three were positively related to the salinity gradient: S. selecta, S. stagnalis, and TPRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water bug

Green, Andy J.

187

Small Scale Field Test Demonstrating CO2 Sequestration in Arbuckle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CCUS projects. Existing small-scale field projects have been conducted by the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSP) during their Validation Phase. These small-scale...

188

Salinity gradient energy potential in Colombia considering site specific constraints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The theoretical potential of salinity gradient energy in river mouth systems is the maximum amount of energy that can be extracted from the controlled mixing of river water and seawater. It is calculated using the Gibbs free energy of mixing equations considering as inputs the mean rivers' discharge and the long term salinity of the ocean basin. However, this theoretical amount of energy can be far from the reality because both, the river discharge and the salinity of the ocean, have natural variations in different time scales. In this paper we expose the site constraints related with the variability of the salinity gradients that must be considered in order to make a more accurate estimation of the available resources and calculate the so-called site specific potential for the most important and feasible river mouths of Colombia. The results show that in Colombia a mean site specific potential of 15.6 GW can be achieved, mainly in the Magdalena River mouth (97% of total). But more important, the results show that the salinity structure of the studied systems have different responses to variations of the environmental forcing, despite being located in the same ocean basin, and therefore, the energy potential for each river mouth has different variability patterns at different time scales. Decreases of the estimated energy potential up to 69% were found when the site specific potential is calculated instead of the theoretical potential. This prove that more detailed input data than long term discharges and salinities are necessary in order to make accurate estimations of local and regional salinity gradient energy potentials.

Oscar Alvarez-Silva; Andrés F. Osorio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Appendix B Surface Infiltration and Aquifer Test Data  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

B B Surface Infiltration and Aquifer Test Data This page intentionally left blank Infiltration Tests This page intentionally left blank 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 TIME (MIN) 200 250 TIME (MIN) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 TIME (MIN) zoo 800 1000 TIME (MIN) 0 150 300 450 600 750 , 900 1050 1200 1350 1500 1650 1800 TIME (MIN) TIME (MIN) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 TIME (MIN) INF-8 TEST I 300 400 TIME (MIN) INF-8 TEST 2 200 250 300 TIME (MIN) 200 250 TIME (MIN) zoo 800 1000 TIME (MIN) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 TIME (MIN) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 TIME (MIN) September 1997 Alluvial Aquifer Tests This page intentionally left blank - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

190

Seymour Aquifer Water Quality Improvement Project Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significant financial benefits. Another important finding was that soil storage rather than irrigation method was the dominant factor influencing leaching potential of a given area. This finding suggests that future implementation of BMPs should... be prioritized to areas with low soil storage capacity/ high leaching potential soils. Continued work is needed to improve conditions in the Seymour Aquifer. Educational programs on irrigation management and nutrient management are needed to encourage...

Sij, J.; Morgan, C.; Belew, M.; Jones, D.; Wagner, K.

191

Relationship of regional water quality to aquifer thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

Ground-water quality and associated geologic characteristics may affect the feasibility of aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system development in any hydrologic region. This study sought to determine the relationship between ground-water quality parameters and the regional potential for ATES system development. Information was collected from available literature to identify chemical and physical mechanisms that could adversely affect an ATES system. Appropriate beneficiation techniques to counter these potential geochemical and lithologic problems were also identified through the literature search. Regional hydrology summaries and other sources were used in reviewing aquifers of 19 drainage regions in the US to determine generic geochemical characteristics for analysis. Numerical modeling techniques were used to perform geochemical analyses of water quality from 67 selected aquifers. Candidate water resources regions were then identified for exploration and development of ATES. This study identified six principal mechanisms by which ATES reservoir permeability may be impaired: (1) particulate plugging, (2) chemical precipitation, (3) liquid-solid reactions, (4) formation disaggregation, (5) oxidation reactions, and (6) biological activity. Specific proven countermeasures to reduce or eliminate these effects were found. Of the hydrologic regions reviewed, 10 were identified as having the characteristics necessary for ATES development: (1) Mid-Atlantic, (2) South-Atlantic Gulf, (3) Ohio, (4) Upper Mississippi, (5) Lower Mississippi, (6) Souris-Red-Rainy, (7) Missouri Basin, (8) Arkansas-White-Red, (9) Texas-Gulf, and (10) California.

Allen, R.D.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Salinity tolerance in plants: attempts to manipulate ion transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion transport is the major determining factor of salinity tolerance in plants. A simple scheme of a plant cell with ion fluxes provides basic understanding of ion transport and the corresponding changes of ion concentrations under salinity. The review describes in detail basic principles of ion transport for a plant cell, introduces set of transporters essential for sodium and potassium uptake and efflux, analyses driving forces of ion transport and compares ion fluxes measured by several techniques. Study of differences in ion transport between salt tolerant halophytes and salt-sensitive plants with an emphasis on transport of potassium and sodium via plasma membranes offers knowledge for increasing salinity tolerance. Effects of salt stress on ion transport properties of membranes show huge opportunities for manipulating ion transport. Several attempts to overexpress or knockout ion transporters for changing salinity tolerance are described. Future perspectives are questioned with more attention given to potential candidate ion channels and transporters for altered expression. The potential direction of increasing salinity tolerance by modifying ion channels and transporters is discussed and questioned. An alternative approach from synthetic biology is to modify the existing membrane transport proteins or create new ones with desired properties for transforming agricultural crops. The approach had not been widely used earlier and leads also to theoretical and pure scientific aspects of protein chemistry, structure-function relations of membrane proteins, systems biology and physiology of stress and ion homeostasis.

Vadim Volkov

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

193

The use of a semi-analytical method for matching aquifer influence functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of water-drive gas reservoirs. The method is suitable for hand calculation. Fetkovich ", in 1971, presented an approach that utilizes the "stabilized", or pseudosteady-state aquifer productivity index and an aquifer material balance to represent...THE USE OF A SEMI-ANALYTICAL METHOD FOR MATCHING AQUIFER INFLUENCE FUNCTIONS A Thesis by SHENG DING Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

Ding, Sheng

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

E-Print Network 3.0 - arsenic contaminated aquifer Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is the actual exposure that people will experience. Summary: -lying aquifers, so shallow open-pit or underground mines may not contaminate the water because of the limited......

195

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer management project Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are good aquifers if groundwater is presented. A confining layer (such as a clay of shale layer Source: Pan, Feifei - Department of Geography, University of North Texas...

196

Feasibility of Aquifer Storage Recovery for the Mustang, Oklahoma Well Field.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to determine the economic and geochemical feasibility of utilizing aquifer storage recovery (ASR) technology to store water in the… (more)

Wright, Krishna E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer heterogeneity final Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-30 may-1th june 2006, Dijon, France Summary: is considered like a heterogeneous aquifer: permeability tensor and salt water interface position could... International symposium -...

198

Analytical models of contaminant transport in coastal aquifers Diogo T. Bolster a,*, Daniel M. Tartakovsky a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water intrudes into a coastal aquifer, which poses significant envi- ronmental and economical challenges sources, such as imported water, or to implement costly technological solutions, such as desalination

Bolster, Diogo

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifers receiving livestock Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

approxi- mately 80% of its recharge through losing (influent) streams... legal, political, and economic interests. Much attention is focused on the Edwards aquifer, which is...

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer sediment reactors Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sediment reactors Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aquifer sediment reactors Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Theme 1. Exposure:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer stable isotopes Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

results for: aquifer stable isotopes Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Treated domestic wastewater traditionally has been discharged offshore in coastal areas via ocean outfalls. In...

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - anaerobic aquifer column Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: anaerobic aquifer column Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Biodegradation 11: 107116, 2000. 2001 Kluwer Academic...

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer system brazil Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology 2 An analytical solution of two-dimensional reactive solute transport in an aquifer-aquitard system Summary: An analytical solution of two-dimensional...

204

Designing an Optimal Urban Community Mix for an Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research examined what mix of building types result in the most efficient use of a technology known as Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES). Hourly… (more)

Zizzo, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Optimal Geological Enviornments for Carbon Dioxide Storage in Saline Formations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

susan D. Hovorka susan D. Hovorka Principal Investigator University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology 10100 Burnet Road, Bldg. 130 P.O. Box X Austin, TX 78713 512-471-4863 susan.hovorka@beg.utexas.edu Optimal GeOlOGical envirOnments fOr carbOn DiOxiDe stOraGe in saline fOrmatiOns Background For carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) sequestration to be a successful component of the United States emissions reduction strategy, there will have to be a favorable intersection of a number of factors, such as the electricity market, fuel source, power plant design and operation, capture technology, a suitable geologic sequestration site, and a pipeline right-of-way from the plant to the injection site. The concept of CO 2 sequestration in saline water-bearing formations (saline reservoirs), isolated at

206

one mile underground into a deep saline formation. The injection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mile underground into a deep saline formation. The injection, mile underground into a deep saline formation. The injection, which will occur over a three-year period and is slated to start in early 2010, will compress up to 1 million metric tonnes of CO 2 from the ADM ethanol facility into a liquid-like, dense phase. The targeted rock formation, the Mt. Simon Sandstone, is the thickest and most widespread saline reservoir in the Illinois Basin, with an estimated CO 2 storage capacity of 27 to 109 billion metric tonnes. A comprehensive monitoring program, which will be evaluated yearly, will be implemented after the injection to ensure the injected CO 2 is stored safely and permanently. The RCSP Program was launched by the Office of Fossil Energy (FE)

207

into deeper and larger-volume saline formations. Researchers at  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

into deeper and larger-volume saline formations. Researchers at into deeper and larger-volume saline formations. Researchers at Cranfield have been monitoring the injected CO 2 with instrumentation installed nearly two miles beneath the surface to ensure the safe and permanent storage in the Lower Tuscaloosa Formations. The Cranfield project also has been successful in the deployment of pressure-response monitoring techniques in the injection zone ("in-zone") and above the injection zone ("above zone"). Real-time data collected since July 2008

208

Subsurface Geology of Arsenic-Bearing Permian Sedimentary Rocks in the Garber-Wellington Interval of the Central Oklahoma Aquifer, Cleveland County, Oklahoma.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Central Oklahoma Aquifer is an important source of drinking water in central Oklahoma. The major formations making up the aquifer, the Garber Sandstone and… (more)

Abbott, Ben Nicholas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Assessing the impacts of future demand for saline groundwater on commercial deployment of CCS in the United States  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a preliminary assessment of the potential impact that future demand for groundwater might have on the commercial deployment of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technologies within the United States. A number of regions within the U.S. have populations, agriculture and industries that are particularly dependent upon groundwater. Moreover, some key freshwater aquifers are already over-utilized or depleted, and others are likely to be moving toward depletion as demand grows. The need to meet future water demands may lead some parts of the nation to consider supplementing existing supplies with lower quality groundwater resources, including brackish waters that are currently not considered sources of drinking water but which could provide supplemental water via desalination. In some areas, these same deep saline-filled geologic formations also represent possible candidate carbon dioxide (CO2) storage reservoirs. The analysis presented here suggests that future constraints on CCS deployment due to potential needs to supplement conventional water supplies by desalinating deeper and more brackish waters are likely to be necessary only in limited regions across the country, particularly in areas that are already experiencing water stress.

Davidson, Casie L.; Dooley, James J.; Dahowski, Robert T.

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

210

Critical analysis of plume containment modeling in a thin heterogeneous unconfined aquifer: application to a bulk fuel storage terminal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reported hydrocarbon contamination and subsequent consultant work at a bulk fuel storage terminal has instigated the need to critically analyze modeling techniques in thin, heterogeneous, unconfined aquifers. This study provides an aquifer...

Mejia, Karl Edward

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Stream aquifer interactions: analytical solution to estimate stream depletions caused by stream stage fluctuations and pumping wells near streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is composed of three parts of contributions. Systems of a fully penetrating pumping well in a confined aquifer near a fully penetrating stream with and without streambeds are discussed in Chapter II. In Chapter III, stream-aquifer...

Intaraprasong, Trin

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Behaviour of a small sedimentary volcanic aquifer receiving irrigation return flows: La Aldea, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (Spain)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many arid and semi-arid areas, intensive cultivation is practiced despite water commonly being a limiting factor. Often, irrigation water is from local aquifers or imported from out-of-area aquifers and surfac...

T. Cruz-Fuentes; J. Heredia; M. C. Cabrera; E. Custodio

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Principal processes within the estuarine salinity gradient: A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The salinity gradient is one of the main features characteristic of any estuarine ecosystem. Within this gradient in a critical salinity range of 5–8 PSU the major biotic and abiotic processes demonstrate non-linear dynamics of change in rates and directions. In estuaries, this salinity range acts as both external ecological factor and physiological characteristics of internal environment of aquatic organisms; it divides living conditions appropriate for freshwater and marine faunas, separates invertebrate communities with different osmotic regulation types, and defines the distribution range of high taxa. In this paper, the non-linearity of biotic processes within the estuarine salinity gradient is illustrated by the data on zooplankton from the Baltic estuaries. The non-tidal Baltic Sea provides a good demonstration of the above phenomena due to gradual changes of environmental factors and relatively stable isohalines. The non-linearity concept coupled with the ecosystem approach served the basis for a new definition of an estuary proposed by the authors.

Irena V. Telesh; Vladislav V. Khlebovich

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Tomato Fruit Antioxidants in Relation to Salinity and Greenhouse Climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tomato Fruit Antioxidants in Relation to Salinity and Greenhouse Climate ... Blocks were positioned to account for experimental error due to minor light gradients in the greenhouse. ... Tomato extracts (15 ?L injection) were eluted with a methanol/MTBE gradient over an 80 min run. ...

David L. Ehret; Kevin Usher; Tom Helmer; Glenn Block; Dan Steinke; Brenda Frey; Tallie Kuang; Moussa Diarra

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

215

-density set by salinity -non-linear equation of state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COLD - density set by salinity - non-linear equation of state SEA-ICE - forcings - insulator Evaporation-Precipitation - order 2000 km3/yr freshwater Ice Export through the Fram Strait - equivalent Arctic Sea-Ice Climatology http://nsidc.org MINIMUM (September) MAXIMUM (February) #12;Arctic Surface Air

Washington at Seattle, University of

216

Parametric study of solar hydrogen production from saline water electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to study the electrolysis of water for the production of hydrogen. A number of parameters, including salinity, voltage, current density and quantity of electricity, were investigated, and their effect on hydrogen production using a modified simple Hoffman electrolysis cell is reported.

S.M. El-Haggar; M. Khalil

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Environmental Concerns High nutrient, bacterial and salinity levels--along  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of best management practices are critical to implementing these efforts. Through more than 130Environmental Concerns High nutrient, bacterial and salinity levels--along with low dissolved and participation vital to developing and implementing watershed-protection plans. Economic and Environmental

218

Aquifer thermal energy storage costs with a seasonal heat source.  

SciTech Connect

The cost of energy supplied by an aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system from a seasonal heat source was investigated. This investigation considers only the storage of energy from a seasonal heat source. Cost estimates are based upon the assumption that all of the energy is stored in the aquifer before delivery to the end user. Costs were estimated for point demand, residential development, and multidistrict city ATES systems using the computer code AQUASTOR which was developed specifically for the economic analysis of ATES systems. In this analysis the cost effect of varying a wide range of technical and economic parameters was examined. Those parameters exhibiting a substantial influence on ATES costs were: cost of purchased thermal energy; cost of capital; source temperature; system size; transmission distance; and aquifer efficiency. ATES-delivered energy costs are compared with the costs of hot water heated by using electric power or fuel-oils. ATES costs are shown as a function of purchased thermal energy. Both the potentially low delivered energy costs available from an ATES system and its strong cost dependence on the cost of purchased thermal energy are shown. Cost components for point demand and multi-district city ATES systems are shown. Capital and thermal energy costs dominate. Capital costs, as a percentage of total costs, increase for the multi-district city due to the addition of a large distribution system. The proportion of total cost attributable to thermal energy would change dramatically if the cost of purchased thermal energy were varied. It is concluded that ATES-delivered energy can be cost competitive with conventional energy sources under a number of economic and technical conditions. This investigation reports the cost of ATES under a wide range of assumptions concerning parameters important to ATES economics. (LCL)

Reilly, R.W.; Brown, D.R.; Huber, H.D.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

On the use of the Boussinesq equation for interpreting recession hydrographs from sloping aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the use of the Boussinesq equation for interpreting recession hydrographs from sloping aquifers solutions to the one-dimensional Boussinesq equation for unconfined flow in a homogeneous and horizontal compare analytical solutions to the linearized one-dimensional Boussinesq equation for a sloping aquifer

Tullos, Desiree

220

Seawater intrusion and aquifer freshening near reclaimed coastal area of Shenzhen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seawater intrusion and aquifer freshening near reclaimed coastal area of Shenzhen K.P. Chen and J this period indicate that the aquifer experienced seawater intrusion in the 1980s but underwent gradual freshening in the 1990s. It is speculated that seawater intrusion was induced by excessive groundwater

Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A Fractal Interpretation of Controlled-Source Helicopter Electromagnetic Survey Data Seco Creek, Edwards Aquifer, TX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Edwards aquifer lies in the structurally complex Balcones fault zone and supplies water to the growing city of San Antonio. To ensure that future demands for water are met, the hydrological and geophysical properties of the aquifer must be well...

Decker, Kathryn T.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

222

Limiting Pumping from the Edwards Aquifer: An Economic Investigation of Proposals, Water Markets and Springflow Guarantees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limiting Pumping from the Edwards Aquifer: An Economic Investigation of Proposals, Water Markets for pumping and springflow which in turn provides water for recreation and habitat for several endangered species. A management authority is charged with aquifer management and is mandated to reduce pumping

McCarl, Bruce A.

223

Detecting sub-glacial aquifers in the north polar layered deposits with Mars Express/MARSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water ice cap and underlying dusty-ice polar layered deposits or PLD) via melting from ice insulation into the polar ice mass is modeled to determine the capability of the instrument to locate sub-glacial aquifers will investigate the effect of ice reflective and conductive losses on the radar-detection of subsurface aquifers

Gurnett, Donald A.

224

Regional assessment of aquifers for thermal energy storage. Volume 1. Regions 1 through 6  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains information on the geologic and hydrologic framework, major aquifers, aquifers which are suitable and unsuitable for annual thermal energy storage (ATES) and the ATES potential of the following regions of the US: the Western Mountains; Alluvial Basins; Columbia LAVA Plateau; Colorado Plateau; High Plains; and Glaciated Central Region. (LCL)

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

The 1997 Irrigation Suspension Program for the Edwards Aquifer: Evaluation and Alternatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 9 P ARTICIPATION ................................ ................................ ................................ .................... 10 E STIMATED E FFECTS O F T HE 1997 I RRIGATION S USPENSION P ROGRAM .............................. 11 C HANGES... ackground The Edwards Aquifer (Aquif er) is a tremendous resource for the economy of south central Texas. It supplies virtually all the municipal and industrial water supply for the greater San Antonio region (the 10th largest city in the United States...

Keplinger, Keith O.; McCarl, Bruce A.

226

Regional assessment of aquifers for thermal-energy storage. Volume 2. Regions 7 through 12  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains information on the geologic and hydrologic framework, major aquifers, aquifers which are suitable and unsuitable for annual thermal energy storage (ATES) and the ATES potential of the following regions of the US: Unglaciated Central Region; Glaciated Appalachians, Unglaciated Appalachians; Coastal Plain; Hawaii; and Alaska. (LCL)

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Thermal anomalies indicate preferential flow along faults in unconsolidated sedimentary aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal anomalies indicate preferential flow along faults in unconsolidated sedimentary aquifers V in unconsolidated siliciclastic aquifers off-set by normal-faults in the Lower Rhine Embayment, Germany. High plane. Most current models of fault hydrology in unconsolidated sedimentary sequences assume faults

Bense, Victor

228

Abundance and diversity of tidal marsh plants along the salinity gradient of the San Francisco Estuary: implications for global change ecology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plants along the salinity gradient of the San Franciscotransects along the salinity gradient of the San Franciscoacross the full salinity gradient of the San Francisco

Watson, Elizabeth Burke; Byrne, Roger

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Heterotrophic microbial activities and nutritional status of microbial communities in tropical marsh sediments of different salinities: the effects of phosphorus addition and plant species  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nutrient input across a salinity gradient. We have alreadyaddition along a salinity gradient (Rejmánková et al. 2008).activities along a salinity gradient in a shallow tidal

Pivni?ková, Barbora; Rejmánková, Eliška; Snyder, Jenise M.; Šantr??ková, Hana

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During Sustained Pumping at the Monticello, Utah, Zero-Valent Iron Treatment Cells Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During Sustained Pumping at the Monticello, Utah, Zero-Valent Iron Treatment Cells Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During Sustained Pumping at the Monticello, Utah, Zero-Valent Iron Treatment Cells Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During Sustained Pumping at the Monticello, Utah, Zero-Valent Iron Treatment Cells More Documents & Publications Performance Assessment and Recommendations for Rejuvenation of a Permeable Reactive Barrier: Cotter Corporation's Cañon City, Colorado, Uranium

231

Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During Sustained Pumping at the Monticello, Utah, Zero-Valent Iron Treatment Cells Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During Sustained Pumping at the Monticello, Utah, Zero-Valent Iron Treatment Cells Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During Sustained Pumping at the Monticello, Utah, Zero-Valent Iron Treatment Cells Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During Sustained Pumping at the Monticello, Utah, Zero-Valent Iron Treatment Cells More Documents & Publications Performance Assessment and Recommendations for Rejuvenation of a Permeable Reactive Barrier: Cotter Corporation's Cañon City, Colorado, Uranium

232

Temporal and spatial scaling of hydraulic response to recharge in fractured aquifers: Insights from a frequency domain analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temporal and spatial scaling of hydraulic response to recharge in fractured aquifers: Insights from investigate the hydraulic response to recharge of a fractured aquifer, using a frequency domain approach scaling of hydraulic response to recharge in fractured aquifers: Insights from a frequency domain analysis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

233

Permanent scatterer InSAR reveals seasonal and long-term aquifer-system response to groundwater pumping and artificial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and precisely measuring long-term and seasonal aquifer-system response to pumping and recharge. In contrast this methodology can be utilized in heavily pumped groundwater basins to analyze aquifer-system response to long characterize the storage properties of an aquifer system with a high degree of spatial resolution. Citation

Amelung, Falk

234

Phenanthrene mineralization along a natural salinity gradient in an Urban Estuary, Boston Harbor, Massachusetts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of varying salinity on phenanthrene and glutamate mineralization was examined in sediments along a natural salinity gradient in an urban tidal river. Mineralization was...14CO2 from sediment slurries d...

Michael P. Shiaris

235

Virioplankton community structure along a salinity gradient in a solar saltern  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The virioplankton community structure along a salinity gradient from near seawater (40‰) to saturated ... . The viral community structure changed along the salinity gradient. Cluster analysis of the viral genome-...

Ruth-Anne Sandaa; Evy Foss Skjoldal; Gunnar Bratbak

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Distribution and speciation of phosphorus along a salinity gradient in intertidal marsh sediments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examined forms of solid phosphorus fractions in intertidal marsh sediments along a salinity (0–22‰) gradient in a river-dominated estuary and in ... the importance of humic-P decreased with increasing salinity

Claus Paludan; James T. Morris

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Effects of water temperature and salinity on elimination of Salmonella charity and Escherichia coli from Sydney rock oysters (Crassostrea commercialis).  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...normal salinity range of local waters. Purification was inconsistent and incomplete...suggested a nonuniform re- draw water for purification. Further studies of salinities...facilities during winter and that purification water would require salinity adjustment...

A J Rowse; G H Fleet

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

In situ feldspar dissolution rates in an aquifer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In situ silicate dissolution rates within the saturated Navajo sandstone, at Black Mesa, Arizona were determined from elemental fluxes in the aquifer. The mass transfer between groundwater and mineral matrix along flow paths was calculated from inverse mass balance modeling. The reaction time is bound by 14C-based travel time. BET surface areas were measured with N2 gas adsorption. Dissolution rates for K-feldspar and plagioclase are 10?19 and 10?16 mol (feldspar) m?2 s?1, respectively, which are ?105 times slower than laboratory experiment-derived rates under similar pH and temperature but at far from equilibrium conditions. The rates obtained in this study are consistent with the slower field rates found in numerous watershed and soil profile studies. However, these rates are from saturated aquifers, overcoming some concerns on estimated rates from unsaturated systems. The Navajo sandstone is a quartz-sandstone with a relatively simple and well-studied hydrogeology, groundwater geochemistry, and lithology, a large number of groundwater analyses and 14C groundwater ages, groundwater residence times up to ?37 ky, groundwater pH from ?8 to 10, and temperature from ?15 to 35°C.

Chen Zhu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Faster Time Response by the Use of Wire Electrodes in Capacitive Salinity Gradient Energy Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Comparing salinity gradient power to other ocean power sources, such as wind, ocean currents, wave, tidal streams, and thermal gradients, it is supreme partly in that it has the second largest power potential, but foremost because it is focused at river deltas (rather than being distributed over the ocean areas across the world). ... We also studied the asymmetric behavior of response time in concentrated saline solution and dilute saline solution that is reported for our branch of technologies. ... solns. of different salinities. ...

Odne S. Burheim; Fei Liu; Bruno B. Sales; Olivier Schaetzle; Cees J. N. Buisman; Hubertus V. M. Hamelers

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

240

Salinity patterns of Florida Bay Christopher R. Kelble a,*, Elizabeth M. Johns b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; salinity gradient; environmental monitoring; spatial distribution; seasonal variability 1. IntroductionSalinity patterns of Florida Bay Christopher R. Kelble a,*, Elizabeth M. Johns b , William K November 2005; accepted 5 August 2006 Available online 26 September 2006 Abstract The salinity of Florida

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Evidence of multidecadal salinity variability in the eastern tropical North Atlantic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a steep gradient in salinity increasing to the north-northwest of the archipelago. The corals here displayEvidence of multidecadal salinity variability in the eastern tropical North Atlantic Christopher S influenced by seawater density, which is itself controlled by salinity and temperature. Although adequate

Swart, Peter K.

242

Aquatic Botany 64 (1999) 381398 Controls on soil cellulose decomposition along a salinity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aquatic Botany 64 (1999) 381­398 Controls on soil cellulose decomposition along a salinity gradient gradient, where nutrients, soil moisture, temperature and salinity among other factors also varied. Our placed at seven marsh sites along the salinity gradient, and soil and in- terstitial water samples were

Brix, Hans

243

LETTER The evolution of salinity tolerance in Daphnia: a functional genomics approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phenotypic assays with functional genomics to understand how tolerance to a salinity gradient evolves, and weLETTER The evolution of salinity tolerance in Daphnia: a functional genomics approach Leigh C of fitness or a cost of transcription relative to a salt-intolerant genotype in low saline environments. We

Weider, Lawrence J.

244

ARTICLE IN PRESS The effect of low salinity on phenoloxidase activity in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that exploited a natural salinity gradient in the Georges River, Sydney, supported this conclusionARTICLE IN PRESS = The effect of low salinity on phenoloxidase activity in the Sydney rock oyster; accepted 30 May 2005 Abstract This study tested the effects of low salinity on phenoloxidase activity

Raftos, David

245

Benthic biodiversity indices versus salinity gradient in the southern Baltic Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benthic biodiversity indices versus salinity gradient in the southern Baltic Sea Michael L. Zettler Biotic Index) and BQI (Benthic Quality Index), were tested along a salinity gradient in the southern; Ecological quality; Salinity gradient; Water Framework Directive; Oxygen depletion 1. Introduction

Zettler, Michael

246

Deep-Sea Research II 50 (2003) 21832204 Temperature and salinity variability in the exit passages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-strait gradient in near-surface temperature and salinity through the outflow straits, except in Lombok StraitDeep-Sea Research II 50 (2003) 2183­2204 Temperature and salinity variability in the exit passages pressure gauges at each side of the straits, equipped with temperature and salinity sensors

Sprintall, Janet

247

Nutrient Limitation across a salinity gradient of Martha's Vineyard Coastal Ponds Emily S Rogers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nutrient Limitation across a salinity gradient of Martha's Vineyard Coastal Ponds Emily S Rogers and their respective salinities were Long Cove Pond, 1ppt, Little Jobs Pond, 4ppt, Jobs Neck Pond, 9ppt, Chilmark Pond. There was a strong correlation between ammonium limitation and salinity. There was very little response

Vallino, Joseph J.

248

Journal of Vegetation Science && (2012) Salinity tolerance and the decoupling of resource axis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

functional trade-offs are present along a gradient of low to high salinity? Location: New York State, USA and salinity gradients at three sites using principal compo- nents, correlation and fourth-corner analysesJournal of Vegetation Science && (2012) Salinity tolerance and the decoupling of resource axis

Fridley, Jason D.

249

High Efficiency in Energy Generation from Salinity Gradients with Reverse Electrodialysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High Efficiency in Energy Generation from Salinity Gradients with Reverse Electrodialysis ... Reverse electrodialysis; Renewable energy; Efficiency; Entropy; Salinity gradient energy; Ion exchange membranes ... power from the sequential flow of fresh and saline water, without the need for auxiliary processes or converters. ...

David A. Vermaas; Joost Veerman; Ngai Yin Yip; Menachem Elimelech; Michel Saakes; Kitty Nijmeijer

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

250

Thin-Film Composite Pressure Retarded Osmosis Membranes for Sustainable Power Generation from Salinity Gradients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thin-Film Composite Pressure Retarded Osmosis Membranes for Sustainable Power Generation from Salinity Gradients ... Pressure retarded osmosis has the potential to produce renewable energy from natural salinity gradients. ... Pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) and reverse electrodialysis (RED) are emerging membrane-based technologies that can convert chemical energy in salinity gradients to useful work. ...

Ngai Yin Yip; Alberto Tiraferri; William A. Phillip; Jessica D. Schiffman; Laura A. Hoover; Yu Chang Kim; Menachem Elimelech

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

251

Nekton Density Patterns in Tidal Ponds and Adjacent Wetlands Related to Pond Size and Salinity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

appeared to be structured by the responses of individual species to the estuarine salinity gradient shown that nekton abundance can be affected by salinity gradients in estuaries (Baltz et al. 1993, 1998Nekton Density Patterns in Tidal Ponds and Adjacent Wetlands Related to Pond Size and Salinity

252

Tempo and mode of the multiple origins of salinity tolerance in a water beetle lineage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a salinity stress gradient, determining community turnover and beta- diversity along this gradient (Gutierrez metabolic cost (Herbst 2001). Studies on the evolution of habitat preference across salinity gradients haveTempo and mode of the multiple origins of salinity tolerance in a water beetle lineage PAULA

Ribera, Ignacio

253

Life history variation of invasive mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) along a salinity gradient  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Life history variation of invasive mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) along a salinity gradient on ecosystem functioning and several native taxa. Although it has been suggested that salinity limits the invasive success of mosquitofish, there are few studies on how salinity affects its ecology. We examined

García-Berthou, Emili

254

Effects of correcting salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of correcting salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model in a tropical Pacific ocean model run for the period 1993­1997. Salinity and temperature corrections salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model, J. Geophys. Res., 107(C12), 8001

van Leeuwen, Peter Jan

255

Diagnosis and Management of Salinity Problems In Irrigated Pecan Productions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Miyamoto Professor and Soil Scientist Texas A&M University Agricultural Research Center at El Paso Introduction Pecans, along with Almonds and Walnuts, are among the salt sensitive tree crops currently grown under irrigation. Yet, many... growers are not convinced that salts are affecting yields, probably because symptoms of salt-affected trees are difficult to differentiate from those of water-stressed trees. Salt problems usually appear when salinity of water used for irrigation...

Miyamoto, S.

256

Influence of Tributaries on Salinity of Amistad International Reservoir  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

” was performed under a contract with the Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board (TSSWCB Project No. 04-11) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA Project No. 4280001). The materials presented here apply to Subtask 1.5; “Identification of Salt... Analysis of Existing Data…………………………………………………………………….11 Exploratory Water and Soil Testing……………………………………………………….…16 RESULTS Historical Flow and Salinity…………………………………………………………….……16 Spatial Changes in Flow and Salt Load...

Miyamoto, S.; Yuan, Fasong; Anand, Shilpa

257

Upper Basalt-Confined Aquifer System in the Southern Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

The 1990 DOE Tiger Team Finding GW/CF-202 found that the hydrogeologic regime at the Hanford Site was inadequately characterized. This finding also identified the need for completing a study of the confined aquifer in the central and southern portions of the Hanford Site. The southern portion of the site is of particular interest because hydraulic-head patterns in the upper basalt-confined aquifer system indicate that groundwater from the Hanford central plateau area, where contaminants have been found in the aquifer, flows southeast toward the southern site boundary. This results in a potential for offsite migration of contaminants through the upper basalt-confined aquifer system. Based on the review presented in this report, available hydrogeologic characterization information for the upper basalt-confined aquifer system in this area is considered adequate to close the action item. Recently drilled offsite wells have provided additional information on the structure of the aquifer system in and near the southern part of the Hanford Site. Information on hydraulic properties, hydrochemistry, hydraulic heads and flow directions for the upper basalt-confined aquifer system has been re-examined and compiled in recent reports including Spane and Raymond (1993), Spane and Vermeul ( 1994), and Spane and Webber (1995).

Thorne, P.

1999-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

258

Diagenetic saline formation waters: Their role in crustal processes  

SciTech Connect

Formation waters typical of most sedimentary basins are Bi-rich, Na-Ca-Cl brines. High Cl content is due to halite dissolution and high Ca content to albitization of metastable detrital plagioclase deposited in both sands and shales. High Br content is due to halite recrystallization, especially during deformation, and to the conversion of carnallite to sylvite. Minor elements and isotopes are all controlled by mineral/water reactions. Saline formation waters are thus a normal diagenetic product formed during burial. Diagenetic formation waters constitute a previously unrecognized loop in crustal cycling. Transfer of Li, B, S, Cl, Ca, and Br from sediments to brines, and then discharge of brines back to the ocean, explains why these six elements are depleted in the average igneous crust relative to the average sedimentary crust. Diagenetic saline formation waters are limited in volume only by the availability of sedimentary halite and detrital plagioclase. Thus, the volume of fluids available for MVT-type mineralization and late stage sediment diagenesis is much larger than would be true if formation waters were modified surficial brines. Discharge of saline formation waters from sedimentary basins accounts for efficient chloride cycling (225 Ma residence time in the ocean), and for most of the chloride content of the world's rivers not due to aerosols. Expulsion of large volumes of diagenetic formation waters during tectonism can account for rapid excursions in oceanic chemistry, as in the case of [sup 87]Sr/[sup 86]Sr.

Land, L.S. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. Geology)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Hydrochemistry and hydrogeologic conditions within the Hanford Site upper basalt confined aquifer system  

SciTech Connect

As part of the Hanford Site Ground-Water Surveillance Project, Flow System Characterization Task. Pacific Northwest Laboratory examines the potential for offsite migration of contamination within the upper basalt confined aquifer system for the US Department of Energy (DOE). As part of this activity, groundwater samples were collected over the past 2 years from selected wells completed in the upper Saddle Mountains Basalt. The hydrochemical and isotopic information obtained from these groundwater samples provides hydrologic information concerning the aquifer-flow system. Ideally, when combined with other hydrologic property information, hydrochemical and isotopic data can be used to evaluate the origin and source of groundwater, areal groundwater-flow patterns, residence and groundwater travel time, rock/groundwater reactions, and aquifer intercommunication for the upper basalt confined aquifer system. This report presents the first comprehensive Hanford Site-wide summary of hydrochemical properties for the upper basalt confined aquifer system. This report provides the hydrogeologic characteristics (Section 2.0) and hydrochemical properties (Section 3.0) for groundwater within this system. A detailed description of the range of the identified hydrochemical parameter subgroups for groundwater in the upper basalt confined aquifer system is also presented in Section 3.0. Evidence that is indicative of aquifer contamination/aquifer intercommunication and an assessment of the potential for offsite migration of contaminants in groundwater within the upper basalt aquifer is provided in Section 4.0. The references cited throughout the report are given in Section 5.0. Tables that summarize groundwater sample analysis results for individual test interval/well sites are included in the Appendix.

Spane, F.A. Jr.; Webber, W.D.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Modeling Density Effects in CO2 Injection in Oil Reservoirs and A Case Study of CO2 Sequestration in a Qatari Saline Aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(and density) of a reference component (usually methane) and other factors that are independent of mixture density. Therefore, modifying the shift parameter of CO2 does not affect the viscosity of the mixture. Table 2.1 – Fluid composition...

Ahmed, Tausif

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Research into the Characterization of Brackish Water and Disposal of Desalination Reject Water in Saline Aquifers and Depleted Oil and Gas Reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brackish groundwater is a valuable “drought-proof” resource that is plentiful in much of Texas. If treated by available desalination technologies, brackish groundwater resources could help many regions of Texas cope with pressing water shortages...

Jensen, R.

262

Well injectivity during CO2 storage operations in deep saline aquifers6 1: Experimental investigation of drying effects, salt precipitation and7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and dissolution. The rock porosity and permeability can then be60 modified depending mainly on the rock type salt might then reduce the35 rock permeability by clogging pores or by pore throat restriction and model the38 physical processes that govern the decrease in water saturation in reservoir rocks.39 Two

Boyer, Edmond

263

The Cambrian Basal Sandstone Unit in central Alberta — an investigation of temperature distribution, petrography, and hydraulic and geomechanical properties of a deep saline aquifer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in the BSU is between 60 and 120 C, which means that in most of the area the temperature requirements for geothermal district heating are met, while in the southwestern part the temperature in the BSU is high enough to allow for electricity...

Simon Weides; Inga Moeck; Jacek Majorowicz; Matthias Grobe

264

In Situ Biological Uranium Remediation within a Highly Contaminated Aquifer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In Situ Biological Uranium Remediation In Situ Biological Uranium Remediation within a Highly Contaminated Aquifer Matthew Ginder-Vogel1, Wei-Min Wu1, Jack Carley2, Phillip Jardine2, Scott Fendorf1 and Craig Criddle1 1Stanford University, Stanford, CA 2Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN Microbial Respiration Figure 1. Uranium(VI) reduction is driven by microbial respiration resulting in the precipitation of uraninite. Uranium contamination of ground and surface waters has been detected at numerous sites throughout the world, including agricultural evaporation ponds (1), U.S. Department of Energy nuclear weapons manufacturing areas, and mine tailings sites (2). In oxygen-containing groundwater, uranium is generally found in the hexavalent oxidation state (3,4), which is a relatively soluble chemical form. As U(VI) is transported through

265

NETL: EPAct Projects: Characterization of Potential Sites for Near Miscible  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characterization of Potential Sites for Near Miscible CO2 Applications to Improve Oil Recovery in Arbuckle Reservoirs Characterization of Potential Sites for Near Miscible CO2 Applications to Improve Oil Recovery in Arbuckle Reservoirs 09123-18 Primary Performer University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc. Additional Participants Tertiary Oil Recovery Project, University of Kansas Kansas Geological Survey Carmen Schmitt, Inc. Abstract Arbuckle reservoirs have significant potential in Kansas for Improved Oil Recovery (IOR). The Arbuckle has produced an estimated 2.2 billion barrels of oil representing 35% of the 6.1 billion barrels of oil of total Kansas oil production. Because of the characteristic production history, Arbuckle reservoirs have been viewed as fracture-controlled karstic reservoirs with strong pressure support from either a bottom water or edge water aquifer. A common practice of operation in Arbuckle reservoirs is to drill the well into the top of the zone with relative shallow penetration (under 10 feet) and complete open hole. No waterflooding application has been reported in these reservoirs in the published resources.

266

40 Years Of Dogger Aquifer Management In Ile-De-France, Paris Basin, France  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Years Of Dogger Aquifer Management In Ile-De-France, Paris Basin, France Years Of Dogger Aquifer Management In Ile-De-France, Paris Basin, France Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 40 Years Of Dogger Aquifer Management In Ile-De-France, Paris Basin, France Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Geothermal energy has been supplying heat to district networks in the Paris Basin for more than 40 years. The most serious difficulties have been corrosion and scaling related problems that occurred in many geothermal loops in the mid-1980s. The main target of all exploration and exploitation projects has been the Dogger aquifer. Most of the operating facilities use the "doublet" technology which consists of a closed loop with one production well and one injection well. Injection of the cooled

267

Analysis of mineral trapping for CO2 disposal in deep aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Mineral Trapping for CO2 Disposal in Deep Aquifers Tianfue~mail: Tianfu Xu@lbl. gov) CO2 disposal into deep aquiferspermit significant sequestration of CO2. We performed batch

Xu, Tianfu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

E-Print Network 3.0 - arsenious quaternary aquifer Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(m s1 ) Unit type Till Quaternary drift 3 108 -3 106 Aquifer U-K Upper K shale 3 1010... Quaternary Science Reviews 26 (2007) 1384-1397 Modeling the subglacial...

269

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer recharge investigations Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the upper confining layer. In this case, there is a no-flow boundary... is confined by shale above and by granite below. The aquifer ... Source: Sukop, Mike - Department of Earth...

270

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer recharge areas Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the upper confining layer. In this case, there is a no-flow boundary... is confined by shale above and by granite below. The aquifer ... Source: Sukop, Mike - Department of Earth...

271

E-Print Network 3.0 - aveiro quaternary aquifer Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(m s1 ) Unit type Till Quaternary drift 3 108 -3 106 Aquifer U-K Upper K shale 3 1010... Quaternary Science Reviews 26 (2007) 1384-1397 Modeling the subglacial...

272

Evaluation of the impacts of climate changes on the coastal Chaouia aquifer, Morocco, using numerical modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aquifer of the Chaouia Coast, Morocco constitutes an example of groundwater resources subjected to intensive and uncontrolled withdrawals in a semi-arid region. The analysis of the trends of precipitation ...

J. Moustadraf; M. Razack; M. Sinan

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

BPA, electric co-op and irrigation district testing aquifer recharge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wednesday, April 4, 2012 CONTACT: Doug Johnson, 503-230-5840 or 503-230-5131 BPA, electric co-op and irrigation district testing aquifer recharge Dispatching recharge pumping...

274

The hydrogeochemistry of pond and rice field recharge : implications for the arsenic contaminated aquifers in Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shallow aquifers in Bangladesh, which provide drinking water for millions and irrigation water for innumerable rice fields, are severely contaminated with geogenic arsenic. Water mass balance calculations show that ...

Neumann, Rebecca B

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Aquifer testing data package for 1993 200-UP-1 Groundwater Operable Unit  

SciTech Connect

The following aquifer testing data supported 1993 Interim Remedial Measure field work for the U-1 and U-2 crib area near the uranium technetium and nitrate plumes beneath the U Plant Aggregate Area. The purpose of aquifer testing was to fill in hydraulic conductivity data gaps in the western portion of 200 West Area and help refine the hydrogeologic conceptual model. This data package reports data collected in accordance with the description of work released in 1993 by L.C. Swanson, entitled Description of Work for the 200-UP-1 Aquifer Testing Activity. These data are analyzed in the document Aquifer Test Analysis Results for 1993 200-UP-1 Groundwater Operable Unit. Slug tests were conducted at 7 existing wells, and pumping tests were conducted at 2 of those same existing wells.

Swanson, L.C.

1994-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

276

Simulation Study of Heat Transportation in an Aquifer about Well-water-source Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of groundwater reinjection, pumping and heat transportation in an aquifer plays an important theoretical role in ensuring the stability of deep-well water reinjection and pumping as well as smooth reinjection. Based on the related...

Cong, X.; Liu, Y.; Yang, W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Analysis of No-Flow Boundaries in Mixed Unconfined-Confined Aquifer Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As human population increases, demand for water supplies will cause an increase in pumping rates from confined aquifers which may become unconfined after long-term pumping. Such an unconfined-confined conversion problem has not been fully...

Langerlan, Kent A.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

278

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer heterogeneity completion Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 What can be learned from sequential multi-well pumping tests in fracture-karst media? A case study in Zhangji, China Summary: -karst aquifers, they are...

279

The Protection of Groundwaters Destined for Human Consumption in Karstic Aquifers. Advances Towards Safeguard Zones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbonate aquifers constitute a water reserve of critical importance as a source of drinking water. For this, it is necessary to establish suitable protection measures so that groundwater bodies can achieve good ...

A. Jiménez-Madrid; F. Carrasco; C. Martínez

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Weathered Diesel oil as a sorptive phase for hydrophobic organic compounds in aquifer materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sorptive properties of weathered diesel oil were investigated by conducting miscible displacement experiments with three hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs), acenapthene, fluorene, and dibenzothiophene, as tracers in columns containing aquifer...

Hudson, Rondall James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer tests conducted Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010 Summary: of Shallow Aquifers: Decision-Aid Tool for Heat-Pump Installation Sophie Bezelgues1 , Jean-Claude Martin2... on the available data on...

282

Seawater Intrusion Assessment and Mitigation in the Coastal Aquifer of Wadi Ham  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Quaternary aquifer of Wadi Ham, UAE, is naturally replenished by the rainfall as well as from the water storage in the ponding area. The construction of ... from the shoreline and the depth below the seawater

Mohsen Sherif; Mohamed Almulla; Ampar Shetty

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Simulation of microbial transport and carbon tetrachloride biodegradation in intermittently-fed aquifer columns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of microbial transport and carbon tetrachloride biodegradation in intermittently associated with carbon tetrachloride (CT) biodegradation in laboratory aquifer columns operated with a pulsed Hydrology: Groundwater transport; KEYWORDS: biodegradation, carbon tetrachloride, microbial transport

284

Leaf-level physiological responses of Tamarix ramosissima to increasing salinity J.M. Carter*, J.B. Nippert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on mature trees grown across a wide surface-soil salinity gradient in the field. Ã? 2011 Elsevier Ltd. AllLeaf-level physiological responses of Tamarix ramosissima to increasing salinity J.M. Carter*, J to an increase in soil salinity. Increased soil salinity negatively impacts the physiology of native riparian

Nippert, Jesse

285

Analysis of steady-state flow and advective transport in the Eastern Snake River Plain Aquifer System, Idaho  

SciTech Connect

The regional aquifer system of the eastern Snake River Plain is an important component of the hydrologic system in eastern Idaho. The aquifer was thought to be the largest unified ground-water reservoir on the North American continent but is probably second to the Floridian aquifer in the southeastern United States. Flow in the aquifer is from major recharge areas in the northeastern part of the plain to discharge areas in the southwestern part. A comprehensive analysis of the occurrence and movement of water in the aquifer was presented by Garabedian. The analysis included a description of the recharge and discharge, the hydraulic properties, and a numerical model of the aquifer. The purposes of this report are to: (1) describe compartments in the aquifer that function as intermediate and regional flow systems, (2) describe pathlines for flow originating at or near the water table, and (3) quantify traveltimes for adjective transport originating at or near the water table. The model constructed for this study and described in this report will aid those concerned with the management and protection of the aquifer. The model will serve as a tool to further our understanding of the aquifer and will aid in assessing the needs for future flow and transport studies of the aquifer.

Ackerman, D.J.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Laboratory Experiments to Evaluate Diffusion of 14C into Nevada Test Site Carbonate Aquifer Matrix  

SciTech Connect

Determination of groundwater flow velocities at the Nevada Test Site is important since groundwater is the principal transport medium of underground radionuclides. However, 14C-based groundwater velocities in the carbonate aquifers of the Nevada Test Site are several orders of magnitude slower than velocities derived from the Underground Test Area regional numerical model. This discrepancy has been attributed to the loss or retardation of 14C from groundwater into the surrounding aquifer matrix making 14C-based groundwater ages appear much older. Laboratory experiments were used to investigate the retardation of 14C in the carbonate aquifers at the Nevada Test Site. Three sets of experiments were conducted evaluating the diffusion of 14C into the carbonate aquifer matrix, adsorption and/or isotopic exchange onto the pore surfaces of the carbonate matrix, and adsorption and/or isotopic exchange onto the fracture surfaces of the carbonate aquifer. Experimental results a nd published aquifer matrix and fracture porosities from the Lower Carbonate Aquifer were applied to a 14C retardation model. The model produced an extremely wide range of retardation factors because of the wide range of published aquifer matrix and fracture porosities (over three orders of magnitude). Large retardation factors suggest that groundwater with very little measured 14C activity may actually be very young if matrix porosity is large relative to the fracture porosity. Groundwater samples collected from highly fractured aquifers with large effective fracture porosities may have relatively small correction factors, while samples from aquifers with a few widely spaced fractures may have very large correction factors. These retardation factors were then used to calculate groundwater velocities from a proposed flow path at the Nevada Test Site. The upper end of the range of 14C correction factors estimated groundwater velocities that appear to be at least an order of magnitude too high compared to published velocities. The lower end of the range of 14C correction factors falls within the range of reported velocities. From these results, future experimental studies (both laboratory and field scale) to support 14C groundwater age dating should focus on obtaining better estimates of aquifer properties including matrix and fracture porosities.

Ronald L. Hershey; William Howcroft; Paul W. Reimus

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Effect of methane pulsation on methanotropic biodegradation of trichloroethylene in an in-situ model aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Technology Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Charlie G. Coble Trichloroethylene (TCE) which is used as a solvent in many industries is one of the most common contaminant of ground waters. TCE can be degraded by methanotrophic bacteria, along with other... heterotrophic organisms, into inorganic end products. An in situ model aquifer with six sampling zones was used to degrade TCE aerobically by stimulating a methanotrophic population. Three experiments were done on the aquifer. TCE concentration for all...

Natarajan, Ranjan

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Geology and hydrogeology of the Edwards Aquifer Transition Zone, Bexar County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEOLOGY AND HYDROGEOLOGY OF THE EDWARDS AQUIFER TRANSITION ZONE, BEXAR COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by JEFFREY STEPHEN HEATHERY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AQh University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Geology GEOLOGY AND HYDROGEOLOGY OF THE EDWARDS AQUIFER TRANSITION ZONE, BEXAR COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by JEFFREY STEPHEN HEATHERY Approved as to style and content by: Chris pher C. Mathewson...

Neathery, Jeffrey Stephen

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Effect of sediment concentration on artificial well recharge in a fine sand aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFFECT OF SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION ON ARTIFICIAL WELL RECHARGE IN A FINE SAND AQUIFER A Thesis By MD. ATAUR RAHMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1968 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering EFFECT OF SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION ON ARTIFICIAL WELL RECHARGE IN A FINE SAND AqUIFER A Thesis By MD. ATAUR RAHMAN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of ommitt ) ( a o...

Rahman, Mohammed Ataur

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

A parametric and economic investigation of an energy system utilizing aquifer storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Chairman of Committee) (Co-Chairman of Committee) (He d. of Department (Member) e ber) December 1980 ABSTRACT A Parametric and Economic Investigation of an Energy System Utilizing Aquifer Storage. (Dec. 1980) Stephen Gilbert Tostengard B. S. , Texas Lutheran... College Co-Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Or. Richard R. Davison Dr. William B. Harris Aquifers may be used as long-term storage facilities i'or heated or chilled water. Computer models were used to simulate the thermal response of an aquafer...

Tostengard, Stephen Gilbert

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Towards a theory of ecotone resilience: Coastal vegetation on a salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ecotones represent locations where vegetation change is likely to occur as a result of climate and other environmental changes. Using a model of an ecotone vulnerable to such future changes, we estimated the resilience of the ecotone to disturbances. The specific ecotone is that between two different vegetation types, salinity-tolerant and salinity-intolerant, along a gradient in groundwater salinity. In the case studied, each vegetation type, through soil feedback loops, promoted local soil salinity levels that favor itself in competition with the other type. Bifurcation analysis was used to study the system of equations for the two vegetation types and soil salinity. Alternative stable equilibria, one for salinity-tolerant and one for salinity intolerant vegetation, were shown to exist over a region of the groundwater salinity gradient, bounded by two bifurcation points. This region was shown to depend sensitively on parameters such as the rate of upward infiltration of salinity from groundwater into the soil due to evaporation. We showed also that increasing diffusion rates of vegetation can lead to shrinkage of the range between the two bifurcation points. Sharp ecotones are typical of salt-tolerant vegetation (mangroves) near the coastline and salt-intolerant vegetation inland, even though the underlying elevation and groundwater salinity change very gradually. A disturbance such as an input of salinity to the soil from a storm surge could upset this stable boundary, leading to a regime shift of salinity-tolerant vegetation inland. We showed, however, that, for our model as least, a simple pulse disturbance would not be sufficient; the salinity would have to be held at a high level, as a ‘press’, for some time. The approach used here should be generalizable to study the resilience of a variety of ecotones to disturbances.

Jiang Jiang; Daozhou Gao; Donald L. DeAngelis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Atlantic Ocean CARINA data: overview and salinity adjustments  

SciTech Connect

Water column data of carbon and carbon-relevant hydrographic and hydrochemical parameters from 188 previously non-publicly available cruise data sets in the Arctic Mediterranean Seas, Atlantic and Southern Ocean have been retrieved and merged into a new database: CARINA (CARbon dioxide IN the Atlantic Ocean). The data have gone through rigorous quality control procedures to assure the highest possible quality and consistency. The data for the pertinent parameters in the CARINA database were objectively examined in order to quantify systematic differences in the reported values, i.e. secondary quality control. Systematic biases found in the data have been corrected in the three data products: merged data files with measured, calculated and interpolated data for each of the three CARINA regions, i.e. the Arctic Mediterranean Seas, the Atlantic and the Southern Ocean. These products have been corrected to be internally consistent. Ninety-eight of the cruises in the CARINA database were conducted in the Atlantic Ocean, defined here as the region south of the Greenland-Iceland-Scotland Ridge and north of about 30 S. Here we present an overview of the Atlantic Ocean synthesis of the CARINA data and the adjustments that were applied to the data product. We also report the details of the secondary QC (Quality Control) for salinity for this data set. Procedures of quality control including crossover analysis between stations and inversion analysis of all crossover data are briefly described. Adjustments to salinity measurements were applied to the data from 10 cruises in the Atlantic Ocean region. Based on our analysis we estimate the internal consistency of the CARINA-ATL salinity data to be 4.1 ppm. With these adjustments the CARINA data products are consistent both internally was well as with GLODAP data, an oceanographic data set based on the World Hydrographic Program in the 1990s, and is now suitable for accurate assessments of, for example, oceanic carbon inventories and uptake rates and for model validation.

Tanhua, T. [IFM-GEOMAR, Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences, Chemical Oceanography, Kiel, Germany; Steinfeldt, R. [University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany; Key, Robert [Princeton University; Brown, P. [University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom; Gruber, N. [ETH Zurich, Switzerland; Wanninkhof, R. [Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratory, NOAA; Perez, F.F. [Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas de Vigo, CSIC, Vigo, Spain; Kortzinger, A. [IFM-GEOMAR, Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences, Chemical Oceanography, Kiel, Germany; Velo, A. [Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas de Vigo, CSIC, Vigo, Spain; Schuster, U. [University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom; Van Heuven, S. [University of Groningen, The Netherlands; Bullister, J.L. [NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory; Stendardo, I. [ETH Zurich, Switzerland; Hoppema, M. [Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany; Olsen, Are [Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, UNIFOB AS, Bergen, Norway; Kozyr, Alexander [ORNL; Pierrot, D. [Cooperative Institute of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, U. Miami; Schirnick, C. [IFM-GEOMAR, Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences, Chemical Oceanography, Kiel, Germany; Wallace, D.W.R. [IFM-GEOMAR, Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences, Chemical Oceanography, Kiel, Germany

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

A method for quick assessment of CO2 storage capacity in closedand semi-closed saline formations  

SciTech Connect

Saline aquifers of high permeability bounded by overlying/underlying seals may be surrounded laterally by low-permeability zones, possibly caused by natural heterogeneity and/or faulting. Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) injection into and storage in such 'closed' systems with impervious seals, or 'semi-closed' systems with nonideal (low-permeability) seals, is different from that in 'open' systems, from which the displaced brine can easily escape laterally. In closed or semi-closed systems, the pressure buildup caused by continuous industrial-scale CO{sub 2} injection may have a limiting effect on CO{sub 2} storage capacity, because geomechanical damage caused by overpressure needs to be avoided. In this research, a simple analytical method was developed for the quick assessment of the CO{sub 2} storage capacity in such closed and semi-closed systems. This quick-assessment method is based on the fact that native brine (of an equivalent volume) displaced by the cumulative injected CO{sub 2} occupies additional pore volume within the storage formation and the seals, provided by pore and brine compressibility in response to pressure buildup. With nonideal seals, brine may also leak through the seals into overlying/underlying formations. The quick-assessment method calculates these brine displacement contributions in response to an estimated average pressure buildup in the storage reservoir. The CO{sub 2} storage capacity and the transient domain-averaged pressure buildup estimated through the quick-assessment method were compared with the 'true' values obtained using detailed numerical simulations of CO{sub 2} and brine transport in a two-dimensional radial system. The good agreement indicates that the proposed method can produce reasonable approximations for storage-formation-seal systems of various geometric and hydrogeological properties.

Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J.; Tsang, C.F.; Rutqvist, J.

2008-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

294

Regional Ground-Water Mixing and the Origin of Saline Fluids: Midcontinent, United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...MARCH 1993 Paleozoic rocks were deposited in a broad...other struc-tures. Porosity and permeability vary con-siderably...fractures (7, 8). Aquifer porosity and permeability are...and Ozark Dome, where rocks have been subjected to...

MaryLynn Musgrove; Jay L. Banner

1993-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

295

Salinity Constraints on Subsurface Archaeal Diversity and Methanogenesis in Sedimentary Rock Rich in Organic Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...These substrates yield more energy (78.7 to 191.1 kJ per mol substrate...concentrations by offsetting the energy cost of the increased osmoregulatory...2005. Microbial community in a geothermal aquifer associated with the subsurface...

Patricia J. Waldron; Steven T. Petsch; Anna M. Martini; Klaus Nüsslein

2007-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

296

Conditions for a Low-Salinity Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Effect in Carbonate Oil Reservoirs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tertiary low-salinity effects, 2–5% of original oil in place (OOIP), were observed by first flooding the cores with high-saline formation water (208?940 ppm) and then with 100× diluted formation water or 10× diluted Gulf seawater at 110 °C. ... Evaluation of Low-Salinity Enhanced Oil Recovery Effects in Sandstone: Effects of the Temperature and pH Gradient ...

T. Austad; S. F. Shariatpanahi; S. Strand; C. J. J. Black; K. J. Webb

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

297

Developing conservation plan for the Edwards Aquifer: Stakeholders reach consensus resolution to balance protection of endangered species and water use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fall 2012 tx H2O 17 Story by Courtney Smith ] Comal and San Marcos springs are the only known habitats for eight federally listed threatened or endangered species. Photo courtesy of the Edwards Aquifer Authority. What does it take... Aquifer region of Texas achieved a milestone in a struggle that has lasted nearly six decades. Working together, participants in the Edwards Aquifer Recovery Implementation Program (EARIP) developed a habitat conservation plan that will protect...

Smith, Courtney

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - algerian saline steppes Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of about 38.74-38.75 psu... ), salinity (6) and assumes hydrostaticity and the Boussinesq approximation. The equation of state (7 Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de...

299

SALINITY MANAGEMENT IN THE UPPER COLORADO RIVER BASIN: MODELING, MONITORING, AND COST-EQUITY CHALLENGES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Salinity issues in the Upper Colorado River Basin have been a serious concern to the western United States and northern Mexico. The Colorado River… (more)

Keum, Jongho

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Ecosystem Restoration and Subtropical Seagrass Fishes: Insights into Salinity Effects from Habitat Selection and Preference Tests.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The work of this Master of Science thesis project is an analysis of salinity effects on nearshore epifauna along the western shore of Biscayne Bay… (more)

Buck, Eric L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Physiological and biochemical responses of three Veneridae clams exposed to salinity changes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Given their global importance, coastal marine environments are a major focus of concern regarding the potential impacts of climate change, namely due to alterations in seawater salinity. It is known that environmental characteristics, such as salinity, affect immune and physiological parameters of bivalves. Nevertheless, scarce information is available concerning the biochemical alterations associated with salinity changes. For this reason, the present work aimed to evaluate the biochemical responses of three venerid clam species (Venerupis decussata, Venerupis corrugata, Venerupis philippinarum) submitted to salinity changes. The effects on the native (V. decussata and V. corrugata) and invasive (V. philippinarum) species collected from the same sampling site and submitted to the same salinity gradient (0 to 42 g/L) were compared. The results obtained demonstrated that V. corrugata is the most sensitive species to salinity changes and V. decussata is the species that can tolerate a wider range of salinities. Furthermore, our work showed that clams under salinity associated stress can alter their biochemical mechanisms, such as increasing their antioxidant defenses, to cope with the higher oxidative stress resulting from hypo and hypersaline conditions. Among the physiological and biochemical parameters analyzed (glycogen and protein content; lipid peroxidation levels, antioxidant enzymes activity; total, reduced and oxidized glutathione) Catalase (CAT) and especially superoxide dismutase (SOD) showed to be useful biomarkers to assess salinity impacts in clams.

Vanessa Carregosa; Cátia Velez; Amadeu M.V.M. Soares; Etelvina Figueira; Rosa Freitas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkaline saline lakes Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Chemical and physical properties of some saline lakes in Alberta and Saskatchewan Jeff S Bowman* and Julian... and ephemeral athalassohaline lakes. These lakes...

303

Salinity: effect on germination of native plants and leaching in clay soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

study consisted of 2 main parts: (1) the effect of different salinity levels on the germination of various grasses and forbs; and (2) determining if salts present in saline clay soil can be leached to a level permitting easier establishment of salt... the style of the Journal of Ran e Mana ement. the feasibility of reducing salt in saline clay soil by leaching. The objectives of the study were: (1) to measure the germination of various grasses and forbs under different salinity levels; (2...

Neighbors, James Olen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

E-Print Network 3.0 - altitude saline wetland Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 A simple hydrologic framework for simulating wetlands in climate and earth system models Summary: basins of the world contain numerous freshwater, brackish and saline...

305

The potential use of surfactant and cosolvent soil washing as adjuvant for in-situ aquifer restoration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of surfactant and aqueous cosolvent soil washing for the restoration of contaminated aquifers was investigated by laboratory experimentation and literature review. The effect… (more)

Ziegenfuss, Philip Scott

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Colloid-facilitated transport of radium and thorium in the Memphis Aquifer, Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.A.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The significance of groundwater colloidal transport was examined in the context of the Memphis Aquifer (Memphis, Tennessee) in the vicinity of the Sheahan well field.… (more)

Todd, Vincent Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Groundwater contaminant interaction with aquifer thermal energy storage systems on the scale of a large urban area.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research thesis attempts to answer the question if a pathline analysis can be applied to a transient flow field where aquifer thermal energy storage… (more)

Lieshout, R. van

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Numerical modelling of salinity variations due to wind and thermohaline forcing in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Salinity is an important component of the marine system. Due to shallow nature of the Persian Gulf, the salinity has been influenced by both wind driven and surface thermohaline fluxes (heat and moisture fluxes). In this study, the seasonal distribution of salinity and its variations due to wind stress and thermohaline forcing are investigated by using a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model, Coupled Hydrodynamical–Ecological Model for Regional and Shelf Seas (COHERENS). The simulation results show that the salinity in the Persian Gulf experiences dramatic spatial and temporal variations. The influence of the thermohaline forcing is considerably more than the wind stress on the salinity. The effect of the surface thermohaline fluxes over the salinity field is generally to increase the salinity for almost all the water column during the year. This effect is high during September–November where the evaporative surface salinity flux dominates over inflow of low-salinity values of Indian Ocean Surface Water. The wind forcing at the most regions of the Persian Gulf, in particular at the United Arab Emirate (UAE) coast and Bahrain–Qatar shelf, freshens the water all the year round. The wind and thermohaline forcing in March–June have strong potential to generate stratification in salinity structure. The model predictions, which are successful in simulating many features of observed pattern, indicate that the surface water of the Gulf is saltier in winter than that in spring and early summer. Both heat fluxes and wind stress play an important role for this seasonal cycle of the surface salinity.

S. Hassanzadeh; F. Hosseinibalam; A. Rezaei-Latifi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Gradients of soil salinity and moisture, and plant distribution, in a Mediterranean semiarid saline watershed: a model of soil–plant relationships for contributing to the management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study reports the soil–plant relationships within a protected landscape in semiarid SE Spain that includes salt marshes and temporary streams and that is affected by agricultural water leaching. The main objective was to establish a conceptual model in order to use vegetation as bioindicator of soil conditions. With this model, environmental changes – based on the observation of vegetation – could be detectable, allowing the prevention of environmental impacts and the improvement of the environmental management of the studied area. Eight sampling stations with a total of 39 plots were established for the sampling of vegetation (floristic composition and species abundance) and soil (moisture, pH, redox potential, electrical conductivity and soluble ions). Multivariate analysis showed that vegetation was closely related to soil moisture and salinity. The soils colonised by steppe grasses (dominated by Lygeum spartum) and halophilus and halonitrophilus shrubs (dominated by Suaeda vera and Limonium spp.) were the driest (moisture saline (EC saline and wettest soils. P. australis reached maximum cover at EC values ~ 40 dS m? 1 and soil moisture ~ 30% and consistently appeared on those soils with lower seasonal contrasts of moisture and salinity. Between 30 and 80 dS m? 1 of soil salinity, S. fruticosa reached maximum cover (~ 100%) while A. macrostachyum did not exceed ~ 80%. Outside this range of salinity S. fruticosa declined (cover  ~ 40%. In addition, A. macrostachyum grew in soils with stronger seasonal changes of moisture and salinity. Based on the model established, if an expansion of P. australis is detected, an increase in soil moisture and a decrease in soil salinity during the year could be inferred. These changes could be due to an increased entry of effluents of fresh and/or brackish water from agricultural areas. In turn, an increase in the cover of A. macrostachyum would indicate higher soil salinity, which could be a consequence of an increase in the evaporation rates (due to rising temperatures) and a decrease in rainfall (predicted consequences of global warming). The expansion of S. fruticosa would be favoured under relatively high soil salinity conditions (which limit P. australis expansion) jointly with high soil moisture, without strong seasonal changes (which limit A. macrostachyum expansion). Our results support the role of vegetation as bioindicator of disturbances and the use of soil–plant relationships models to improve the environmental management of saline ecosystems.

M.N. González-Alcaraz; F.J. Jiménez-Cárceles; Y. Álvarez; J. Álvarez-Rogel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Theoretical power density from salinity gradients using reverse electrodialysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reverse electrodialysis (RED) is a technology to generate power from mixing waters with different salinity. The net power density (i.e. power per membrane area) is determined by 1) the membrane potential, 2) the ohmic resistance, 3) the resistance due to changing bulk concentrations, 4) the boundary layer resistance and 5) the power required to pump the feed water. Previous power density estimations often neglected the latter three terms. This paper provides a set of analytical equations to estimate the net power density obtainable from RED stacks with spacers and RED stacks with profiled membranes. With the current technology, the obtained maximum net power density is calculated at 2.7 W/m2. Higher power densities could be obtained by changing the cell design, in particular the membrane resistance and the cell length. Changing these parameters one and two orders of magnitude respectively, the calculated net power density is close to 20 W/m2.

David A. Vermaas; Enver Guler; Michel Saakes; Kitty Nijmeijer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Salinity gradient solar pond technology applied to potash solution mining  

SciTech Connect

A solution mining facility at the Eddy Potash Mine, Eddy County, New Mexico has been proposed that will utilize salinity gradient solar pond (SGSP) technology to supply industrial process thermal energy. The process will include underground dissolution of potassium chloride (KCl) from pillars and other reserves remaining after completion of primary room and pillar mining using recirculating solutions heated in the SGSP. Production of KCl will involve cold crystallization followed by a cooling pond stage, with the spent brine being recirculated in a closed loop back to the SGSP for reheating. This research uses SGSP as a renewable, clean energy source to optimize the entire mining process, minimize environmental wastes, provide a safe, more economical extraction process and reduce the need for conventional processing by crushing, grinding and flotation. The applications of SGSP technology will not only save energy in the extraction and beneficiation processes, but also will produce excess energy available for power generation, desalination, and auxiliary structure heating.

Martell, J.A.; Aimone-Martin, C.T.

2000-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

312

Evaluating impacts of CO2 gas intrusion into a confined sandstone aquifer: Experimental results  

SciTech Connect

Deep subsurface storage and sequestration of CO2 has been identified as a potential mitigation technique for rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Sequestered CO2 represents a potential risk to overlying aquifers if the CO2 leaks from the deep storage reservoir. Experimental and modeling work is required to evaluate potential risks to groundwater quality and develop a systematic understanding of how CO2 leakage may cause important changes in aquifer chemistry and mineralogy by promoting dissolution/precipitation, adsorption/desorption, and redox reactions. Sediments from the High Plains aquifer in Kansas, United States, were used in this investigation, which is part of the National Risk Assessment Partnership Program sponsored by the US Department of Energy. This aquifer was selected to be representative of consolidated sand and gravel/sandstone aquifers overlying potential CO2 sequestration repositories within the continental US. In this paper, we present results from batch experiments conducted at room temperature and atmospheric pressure with four High Plains aquifer sediments. Batch experiments simulate sudden, fast, and short-lived releases of the CO2 gas as would occur in the case of well failure during injection. Time-dependent release of major, minor, and trace elements were determined by analyzing the contacting solutions. Characterization studies demonstrated that the High Plains aquifer sediments were abundant in quartz and feldspars, and contained about 15 to 20 wt% montmorillonite and up to 5 wt% micas. Some of the High Plains aquifer sediments contained no calcite, while others had up to about 7 wt% calcite. The strong acid extraction tests confirmed that in addition to the usual elements present in most soils, rocks, and sediments, the High Plains aquifer sediments had appreciable amounts of As, Cd, Pb, Cu, and occasionally Zn, which potentially may be mobilized from the solid to the aqueous phase during or after exposure to CO2. However, the results from the batch experiments showed that the High Plains sediments mobilized only low concentrations of trace elements (potential contaminants), which were detected occasionally in the aqueous phase during these experiments. Importantly, these occurrences were more frequent in the calcite-free sediment. Results from these investigations provide useful information to support site selection, risk assessment, and public education efforts associated with geological CO2 storage and sequestration.

Qafoku, Nikolla; Lawter, Amanda R.; Shao, Hongbo; Wang, Guohui; Brown, Christopher F.

2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

313

Spontaneous Imbibition of Aqueous Surfactant Solutions into Neutral to Oil-Wet Carbonate Cores:? Effects of Brine Salinity and Composition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Knowing that the brine salinity of carbonate reservoirs can vary in the range of salinity range than what was done in the previous experiments (salinities of 1?5 g/L). ... Thus, the increase in temperature seemed to make the effect of the salinity gradient observed at 40 °C vanish. ... Even though the increase in temperature from 40 °C to 70 °C make the effect of the salinity gradient of 1.0?10 wt % vanish, the final oil recovery was significantly lower (?45%, from Figure 3), compared to brine that contains sulfate at similar salinities (?70%, from Figure 6). ...

Skule Strand; Dag C. Standnes; Tor Austad

2003-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

314

MINERALOGY AND GENESIS OF SMECTITES IN AN ALKALINE-SALINE ENVIRONMENT OF PANTANAL WETLAND, BRAZIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MINERALOGY AND GENESIS OF SMECTITES IN AN ALKALINE-SALINE ENVIRONMENT OF PANTANAL WETLAND, BRAZIL, Universidade de Sa~o Paulo (USP), Av. Prof. Dr. Lineu Prestes, 338, 05508-900, Sa~o Paulo, Brazil 2 Soil-saline lake of Nhecola^ndia, a sub-region of the Pantanal wetland, Brazil, and then to identify the mechanisms

Ahmad, Sajjad

315

Global relationships of total alkalinity with salinity and temperature in surface waters of the world's oceans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global relationships of total alkalinity with salinity and temperature in surface waters, R. A. Feely, and R. M. Key (2006), Global relationships of total alkalinity with salinity 35)2 + d (SST Ã? 20) + e (SST Ã? 20)2 fits surface total alkalinity (AT) data for each of five

316

Regional patterns and controls of ecosystem salinization with grassland afforestation along a rainfall gradient  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

salinization with grassland afforestation along a rainfall gradient, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 22, GB2015, doiRegional patterns and controls of ecosystem salinization with grassland afforestation along a rainfall gradient M. D. Nosetto,1,2 E. G. Jobba´gy,1 T. To´th,3 and R. B. Jackson4,5 Received 25 April 2007

Jackson, Robert B.

317

Effects of Salinity and Specific Ions on Seedling Emergence and Growth of Onions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cultivars ‘BR-1’ and ‘Chaco’. Harkey silt loam had three levels of initial soil salinity (3.9, 2.2 and 0.6 dS m-1). They were placed in pots, seeded and irrigated for 4 ½ months using nine types of saline solutions. The first four solutions had four levels...

Miyamoto, S.; Martinez, I.; Niu, G.

318

Impact of salinity on cathode catalyst performance in microbial fuel cells (MFCs)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

not been previously examined. Three different types of cathode materials were tested here with increasingly of catalyst used with more saline wastewaters. While Pt oxygen reduction activity is reduced, CoTMPP cathodeImpact of salinity on cathode catalyst performance in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) Xi Wang

319

Polyphasic origin of salinity in the Senegal delta and middle valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, preliminary studies in the middle valley showed that saline areas form roughly E-W strips >10 km long and 100- 1 - Polyphasic origin of salinity in the Senegal delta and middle valley Laurent Barbiéroa agriculture in the Senegal valley. They have been attributed to the incorporation of marine salts

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

320

Short-term effects of salinity declines on juvenile hard clams, Mercenaria mercenaria.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be compounded or mitigated by other factors, such as other environmental conditions or handling effects. #12Short-term effects of salinity declines on juvenile hard clams, Mercenaria mercenaria. Final report to Florida Sea Grant, for a Program Development Award Project title: Short-term effects of rapid salinity

Florida, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Saline tracer visualized with three-dimensional electrical resistivity tomography: Field-scale spatial moment analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saline tracer visualized with three-dimensional electrical resistivity tomography: Field; accepted 14 February 2005; published 24 May 2005. [1] Cross-well electrical resistivity tomography (ERT., and S. M. Gorelick (2005), Saline tracer visualized with three-dimensional electrical resistivity

Singha, Kamini

322

Hurricane-induced failure of low salinity wetlands Nick C. Howesa,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hurricane-induced failure of low salinity wetlands Nick C. Howesa,1 , Duncan M. FitzGeralda , Zoe J States Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Environmental Laboratory, Wetlands Environmental of wetlands within the Louisiana coastal plain. Low salinity wetlands were preferentially eroded, while higher

Kulp, Mark

323

Transient groundwater dynamics in a coastal aquifer: The effects of tides, the lunar cycle, and the beach profile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed field measurements are combined with a numerical modeling to characterize the groundwater dynamics beneath the discharge zone at Waquoit Bay, Massachusetts. Groundwater salinity values revealed a saline circulation ...

Abarca, Elena

324

Importance of Speciation in Understanding Mercury Bioaccumulation in Tilapia Controlled by Salinity and Dissolved Organic Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As we expected, the changes in Hg(II) uptake rates were consistent with the HgCl2 speciation (Figure 2), i.e., initially increased and then decreased with the salinity gradient (0, 2, and 6 psu) and topped out at 2 psu, again indicating the important role of the neutral species. ... MeHgCl and MeHgOH are the most important MeHg species, with MeHgCl dominating in all saline waters (pCl salinity higher than 0.06 psu; (13)). ... The water uptake of gills after 2-h exposure was significantly higher at lower salinities, and exhibited a good negative correlation with salinity (r2 = 92%). ...

Rui Wang; Wen-Xiong Wang

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

325

Sleuthing the Fate of Water in Ancient Aquifers and Ice Cores | U.S. DOE  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Sleuthing the Fate of Water in Ancient Aquifers and Ice Cores Sleuthing the Fate of Water in Ancient Aquifers and Ice Cores Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » October 2012 Sleuthing the Fate of Water in Ancient Aquifers and Ice Cores Precision analytical techniques developed for fundamental experiments in nuclear physics now enable routine measurements of ultra-low concentrations of Krypton radioisotopes in samples of water, ice, and gas. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page

326

Evaluation of a distributed numerical simulation optimization approach applied to aquifer remediation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we evaluate a distributed approach which uses numerical simulation and optimization techniques to automatically find remediation solutions to a hypothetical contaminated aquifer. The repeated execution of the numerical simulation model of the aquifer through the optimization cycles tends to be computationally expensive. To overcome this drawback, the numerical simulations are executed in parallel using a network of heterogeneous workstations. Performance metrics for heterogeneous environments are not trivial; a new way of calculating speedup and efficiency for Bag-of-Tasks (BoT) applications is proposed. The performance of the parallel approach is evaluated.

Patrícia A.P. Costa; Eduardo L.M. Garcia; Bruno Schulze; Helio J.C. Barbosa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Arhodomonas sp. Strain Seminole and Its Genetic Potential To Degrade Aromatic Compounds under High-Salinity Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...decaying plant material and environmental pollution in high-salinity environments. The...Moletta. 2006. Treatment of organic pollution in industrial saline wastewater: a literature...isolated from camalt Saltern, Turkey. Water Air Soil Pollut. 224 :1449. doi: 10...

Sonal Dalvi; Carla Nicholson; Fares Najar; Bruce A. Roe; Patricia Canaan; Steven D. Hartson; Babu Z. Fathepure

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

328

Temperature and Salinity Effects on the Growth and Survival of Juvenile Penaeid Shrimps: Implications for the Influence of River  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

along a salinity gradient in an estuary. In addition, we will look for a relationship between shrimpTemperature and Salinity Effects on the Growth and Survival of Juvenile Penaeid Shrimps estuaries for wetland restoration. These freshwater flows directly alter the temperature and salinity

329

Optimal Surface Salinity Perturbations of the Meridional Overturning and Heat Transport in a Global Ocean General Circulation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

anomaly. This initial optimal perturbation corresponds to a zonal salinity gradient around 24°NOptimal Surface Salinity Perturbations of the Meridional Overturning and Heat Transport in a Global of surface salinity perturbations on the North Atlantic circulation over the past few decades. As a step

Huck, Thierry

330

Brine clarity maintenance in salinity-gradient solar ponds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brine transparency is an important part of the maintenance of a salinity-gradient solar pond as it affects the amount of solar radiation reaching the storage zone and hence has an influence on the thermal performance. There is a wide range of factors that can hinder the transmission of light in a solar pond. Algal and microbial growths are the most common problems encountered in working solar ponds and control of their densities is essential to maintain transparency. Two different chemical treatment methods for algae growth prevention are described in this paper: chlorine and a novel chemical product – copper ethylamine complex. The latter method has never been implemented previously in a working pond. This paper discusses the theory of the algae control methods used and presents the experimental results of the chemical treatments. The results showed that Cupricide is more effective than chlorine and is therefore the recommended chemical for algae control in solar ponds; it improves the water transparency especially in the upper convective zone and lower convective zone with all measurement values less than 1 NTU. Chlorine was found to be more corrosive than Cupricide due to the acidic effect it has on the pH. The preliminary cost analysis showed that granular chlorine is the cheapest chemical. A more detailed financial analysis is nevertheless required to refine these costs.

Neus Gasulla; Yusli Yaakob; Jimmy Leblanc; Aliakbar Akbarzadeh; Jose Luis Cortina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Mesoporous Carbon for Capacitive Deionization of Saline Water  

SciTech Connect

Self-assembled mesoporous carbon (MC) materials have been synthesized and tested for application in capacitive deionization (CDI) of saline water. MC was prepared by self-assembly of a triblock copolymer with hydrogen-bonded chains via a phenolic resin, such as resorcinol or phloroglucinol in acidic conditions, followed by carbonization and, in some cases, activation by KOH. Carbon synthesized in this way was ground into powder, from which activated MC sheets were produced. In a variation of this process, after the reaction of triblock copolymer with resorcinol or phloroglucinol, the gel that was formed was used to coat a graphite plate and then carbonized. The coated graphite plate in this case was not activated and was tested to serve as current collector during the CDI process. The performance of these MC materials was compared to that of carbon aerogel for salt concentrations ranging between 1000 ppm and 35,000 ppm. Resorcinol-based MC removed up to 15.2 mg salt per gram of carbon, while carbon aerogel removed 5.8 mg salt per gram of carbon. Phloroglucinol-based MC-coated graphite exhibited the highest ion removal capacity at 21 mg of salt per gram of carbon for 35,000 ppm salt concentration.

Tsouris, Costas [ORNL; Mayes, Richard T [ORNL; Kiggans, Jim [ORNL; Sharma, Ms. Ketki [Georgia Institute of Technology; Yiacoumi, Sotira [Georgia Institute of Technology; DePaoli, David W [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Drainage of a horizontal Boussinesq aquifer with a power law hydraulic conductivity profile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drainage of a horizontal Boussinesq aquifer with a power law hydraulic conductivity profile David E] Solutions to the Boussinesq equation describing drainage into a fully penetrating channel have been used natural soils exhibit this characteristic. We derive a new set of analytical solutions to the Boussinesq

Selker, John

333

Investigating the stratigraphy of an alluvial aquifer using crosswell seismic traveltime tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

can be used in situations where surface seismic reflection has failed e.g., Liberty et al., 1999Investigating the stratigraphy of an alluvial aquifer using crosswell seismic traveltime tomography In this study, we investigate the use of crosswell P-wave seismic tomography to obtain spatially extensive

Barrash, Warren

334

Numerical solutions of moment equations for flow in heterogeneous composite aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical solutions of moment equations for flow in heterogeneous composite aquifers C. L. Winter on the composite media theory of Winter and Tartakovsky [2000, 2002], which allows one to derive and solve moment a representative composite medium to investigate the robustness of perturbation approximations in porous medium

Tartakovsky, Daniel M.

335

Introduction Competition for H2 in a PCE-contaminated aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Competition for H2 in a PCE-contaminated aquifer Noam Shani1, Pierre Rossi2. -1.0 0.0 0.8 -0.8 0.0 1.0 %PCE %VC Fe(II) Mn(II) NO3 SO4 PCE TCE VC tVOCs T pH Cond Redox TOC Na K Mg

336

BENEFITS OF IMPROVING WATER QUALITY IN THE ABBOTSFORD AQUIFER: AN APPLICATION OF CONTINGENT VALUATION METHODS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that, with further development of the region, there may be pesticide or heavy metal leaching problems of the Canadian Department of the Environment. #12;Executive Summary Nitrate pollution is a problem in many exmple of groundwater pollution. This aquifer is the primary source of municipal water for the District

337

Sorption and Transport Kinetics of a Nonionic Surfactant through an Aquifer Sediment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sorption and Transport Kinetics of a Nonionic Surfactant through an Aquifer Sediment ... Although nonionic surfactants have been considered in surfactant-aided soil washing systems, there is little information on the particle-size dependence of these processes, and this may have significant implications for the design of these systems. ... Adsorption of Non-ionic Surfactants onto Sand and Its Importance in Naphthalene Removal ...

Zafar. Adeel; Richard G. Luthy

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The Effects of Energy Prices on Groundwater Extraction in Agriculture in the High Plains Aquifer*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the High Plains Aquifer. Dumler et al. (2009) estimate that the energy cost of extracting irrigation water1 The Effects of Energy Prices on Groundwater Extraction in Agriculture in the High Plains-752-0824 Abstract In this article we examine the effects of energy prices on groundwater extraction using

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

339

Analytical study of capture zone of a horizontal well in a confined aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the remediation of contaminated ground water (Langseth, 1990; Tarsh- ish, 1992; Cleveland, 1994; Wilson and Kenda as a part of an aquifer whose ground water will flow to that well. Steward (1999) concluded that Journal a large planar area during remediation, and is more efficient in removing contaminant relative to vertical

Zhan, Hongbin

340

Source and mobility of Rare Earth Elements in a sedimentary aquifer system: Aquitaine basin (Southern France)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Source and mobility of Rare Earth Elements in a sedimentary aquifer system: Aquitaine basin Geological Survey Service, Bordeaux, France, e.malcuit@brgm.fr The study of rare earth elements (REEs such as rivers and lakes and groundwaters. Rare earth elements) are of great interest because of their unique

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

AQUIFER BIOTHERMOREMEDIATION USING HEAT PUMPS: SOUND THEORETICAL BASIS AND RESULTS ON THERMAL, GEOCHEMICAL AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

example, the long-term use of groundwater heat pumps for air conditioning of homes or buildings can induce and hydrogeological background. The presence of organic pollutants in the aquifer can amplify these phenomena/or the well productivity, (ii) an inappropriate temperature for the use of groundwater heat pumps for air

Boyer, Edmond

342

Column Studies of Anaerobic Carbon Tetrachloride Biotransformation with Hanford Aquifer Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Column Studies of Anaerobic Carbon Tetrachloride Biotransformation with Hanford Aquifer Material bioremediation of carbon tetrachloride (CT) at the Hanford site in south- central Washington state. Benzoate in south- central Washington state has been a defense materials pro- duction complex since 1943. Carbon

Semprini, Lewis

343

Capacitive conductivity logging and electrical stratigraphy in a high-resistivity aquifer, Boise Hydrogeophysical Research Site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Capacitive conductivity logging and electrical stratigraphy in a high-resistivity aquifer, Boise . Examining such a high-resistivity system provides a good test for the ca- pacitive-conductivity tool because the conventional induc- tion-conductivity tool known to have limited effectiveness in high-resistivity systems did

Barrash, Warren

344

Investigating the Role of Respiration in Plant Salinity Tolerance by Analyzing Mitochondrial Proteomes from Wheat and a Salinity-Tolerant Amphiploid (Wheat × Lophopyrum elongatum)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For instance, a plant’s capacity to exclude Na+ ions is strongly linked to its rate of root respiration,(8, 9) due to the energetic costs associated with actively transporting Na+ and Cl– ions against concentration gradients. ... This could suggest that root tissue was undergoing a more severe salinity scenario due to direct physical contact between root tissue and the saline nutrient solution or that root mitochondria are endowed with a greater flexibility at the protein level. ... Mitochondria from pea leaves were purified by centrifugation on a self-generated Percoll gradient which contained a linear gradient of polyvinylpyrrolidone (0-10%, wt./vol.). ...

Richard P. Jacoby; A. Harvey Millar; Nicolas L. Taylor

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

345

Large-Scale Utilization of Saline Groundwater for Irrigation of Pistachios Interplanted with Cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of saline drainage in a tomato-cotton rotation. J. Environ.of Pistachios Interplanted with Cotton 2007-08 TechnicalHutmacher – UCCE/AES Cotton Specialist, Shafter Research &

Sanden, Blake; Ferguson, Louise; Kallsen, Craig E.; Marsh, Brian; Hutmacher, Robert B.; Corwin, Dennis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Integrated Remediation Process for a High Salinity Industrial Soil Sample Contaminated with Heavy Oil and Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A highly saline industrial soil sample contaminated with heavy oils and several heavy metals, was tested for remediation using NRC’s Solvent Extraction Soil Remediation (SESR) process. The sample was provided ...

Abdul Majid; Bryan D. Sparks

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Morphophysiological adaptation aspects of different Haloxylon aphyllum (Chenopodiaceae) genotypes along a salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The seedlings of Haloxylon aphyllum...from seeds with different genetic characteristics, which were collected in three natural subpopulations along a soil salinity gradient, were investigated. The plants grown un...

E. V. Shuyskaya; E. V. Li; Z. F. Rahmankulova…

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Macroalgal diversity along the Baltic Sea salinity gradient challenges Remane’s species-minimum concept  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Remane’s species-minimum concept, which states that the lowest number of taxa occurs at the horohalinicum (5–8 psu), was tested by investigating macroalgal diversity on hard substrates along the natural salinity gradient in the Baltic Sea. Field data on species occurrence and abundance were collected by SCUBA diving along 10 transects of the Finnish, Swedish and German coasts, covering a salinity range from 3.9 to 27 psu. Macroalgal species numbers declined steadily with salinity, decreasing until 7.2 psu was reached, but in the horohalinicum, a marked reduction of species number and a change in diversity were indicated by the Shannon index and evenness values. The non-linear decrease in macroalgal diversity at 5–8 psu and the lack of increase in species numbers at salinities below 5 psu imply a restricted applicability of Remane’s species-minimum concept to macroalgae.

Hendrik Schubert; Peter Feuerpfeil; Ronny Marquardt; Irena Telesh; Sergei Skarlato

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Distributions of picophytoplankton and phytoplankton pigments along a salinity gradient in the Changjiang River Estuary, China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the abundance of different picophytoplankton groups and the phytoplankton pigment ratio in relation to environmental factors such as nutrients and suspended solids along a salinity gradient in the...

Baoli Wang; Congqiang Liu; Fushun Wang; Siliang Li…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Mass–density relationship changes along salinity gradient in Suaeda salsa L.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Whether and why the biomass–density (M–N) scaling relationship varies along environmental gradients were continuously debated in theoretical ecology. In this study, how soil salinity stress affects on the M–N sca...

Hao Zhang; Genxuan Wang; Kefeng Zheng; Weiping Zhang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Eco-physiological properties of Pontogammarus maeoticus (Amphipoda) in a salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantitative indices of feeding, food assimilation, energy metabolism and growth in Pontogammarus maeoticus (Sow.) from the Azov Sea (12‰S) were studied from the salinity levels. Juveniles and males of different ...

I. N. Soldatova

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Thermodynamic and Energy Efficiency Analysis of Power Generation from Natural Salinity Gradients by Pressure Retarded Osmosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Gibbs free energy of mixing dissipated when fresh river water flows into the sea can be harnessed for sustainable power generation. Pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) is one of the methods proposed to generate power from natural salinity gradients. In ...

Ngai Yin Yip; Menachem Elimelech

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

353

Plasma homeostasis and cloacal urine composition inCrocodylus porosus caught along a salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Juveniles of the Estuarine or Saltwater Crocodile,Crocodylus porosus..., maintain both osmotic pressure and plasma electrolyte homeostasis along a salinity gradient from fresh water to the sea. In...C. porosus in...

Gordon C. Grigg

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Double-Diffusive Intrusions in a Stable Salinity Gradient “Heated from Below”  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two-dimensional direct numerical simulations (DNS) are used to investigate the growth and nonlinear equilibration of spatially periodic double-diffusive intrusion for negative vertical temperature Tz salinity Sz gradients, which are ...

Julian Simeonov; Melvin E. Stern

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Competition between Salicornia europaea and Atriplex prostrata (Chenopodiaceae) along an experimental salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Salicornia europaea L. is a halophyte that often occupies the lowestand most saline (>3.5% total salt) areas of salt marshes. Atriplexprostrata Boucher is less salt tolerant than S. europaea and ...

Todd P. Egan; Irwin A. Ungar

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

An innovative approach to heat extraction from a salinity gradient solar pond to enhance overall efficiency.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A solar pond is a simple and low-cost solar collector with long-term thermal storage. It utilizes a large body of salinity gradient water to absorb… (more)

Yaakob, Y

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Biodiversity and Structure of Macroinvertebrate Communities Along a Small Permanent Salinity Gradient (Meurthe River, France)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Changes in the macroinvertebrate community were investigated over 10 months at four sites along a 19 km salinity gradient (0.21–2.60 g l?1...) in a sixth-order stream, the Meurthe River, northeastern France. Abio...

Christophe Piscart; Jean-Claude Moreteau; Jean-Nicolas Beisel

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

The Dissipation of Energy in Permanent Ocean Currents, with Some Relations between Salinities, Temperatures and Currents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

6 April 1921 research-article The Dissipation of Energy in Permanent Ocean Currents, with Some Relations between Salinities, Temperatures and Currents R. O. Street The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve...

1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Energy Recovery from Solutions with Different Salinities Based on Swelling and Shrinking of Hydrogels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), reverse electrodialysis (RED), and capacitive mixing (CapMix), are being developed to recover energy from salinity- gradient energy, including pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO),6-8 reverse electrodialysis (RED),9

360

Hybrid electrodialysis reverse osmosis system design and its optimization for treatment of highly saline brines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The demand is rising for desalination technologies to treat highly saline brines arising from hydraulic fracturing processes and inland desalination. Interest is growing in the use of electrical desalination technologies ...

McGovern, Ronan Killian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Numerical modeling of Persian Gulf salinity variations due to tidal effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerical modeling of salinity changes in marine environment of Persian Gulf is investigated in this paper. Computer simulation ... in arbitrary and complex geometries, such as Persian Gulf domain. The results of...

S. R. Sabbagh Yazdi

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Physiological Effects of Saline Water on Two Economically Important Horticultural Crops in South Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grande Valley where they are commonly produced. As Texas increases the percentage of irrigated agriculture each year, and in turn the amount of land potentially exposed to salinization through this practice, grafting salt sensitive plants to tolerant...

Simpson, Catherine Ross

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

363

The response of New Guinea impatiens to varying salinity levels in a subirrigation system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subirrigation is an alternative irrigation method for greenhouse crops. Lack of leaching poses the problem of high salt buildup in the root zone. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of saline irrigation water on a greenhouse...

Todd, Nancy Morgan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

364

The influence of long-term storage on the salinity of bottled seawater samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An investigation is described which examines the influence of long-term storage on the salinity of bottled seawater samples in common soft glass bottles. Two ... months. The results show that long-term storage in...

S Alexander; Hans-Harald Hinrichsen

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Spatial patterns of soil salinities in old embanked marshlands in western France  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spatial pattern of soil salinity was studied in commonly owned grazing meadows, embanked in the distant past (10th century), situated on the Atlantic coast of western France. The meadows were characterized...

Bernard Amiaud; Jan-Bernard Bouzillé; Frédéric Tournade; Anne Bonis

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The effect of environmental salinity on the flavor characteristics of penaeid shrimp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for levels of free amino acids (FAA). Selected samples were frozen and later analyzed for specific amino acid canposition. Shrimp subjected to decreasing salinities showed corresponding decreases in free amino acid concentration, with minimum values being... reached in 24 to 48 hours. Likewise, with increasing salinities there was a corresponding increase in the free amino acid concentration, with maximum values reached in 24 hours. Glycine, proline, arginine, serine/threonine, and alanine made the most...

McCoid, Valerie Zullo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

367

Effects of Salinity Stress on Carotenoids, Anthocyanins, and Color of Diverse Tomato Genotypes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gradient elution was as follows: 95% A and 5% B for 6 min; 80% A and 5% B until 32 min; 30% A and 5% B until 56 min; and 95% A and 5% B until 62 min. ... On the other hand, the fact that high salinity can lead to a clear enhancement in the antioxidant levels of tomato could be harnessed to exploit saline soils. ...

Eva Borghesi; M. Lourdes González-Miret; M. Luisa Escudero-Gilete; Fernando Malorgio; Francisco J. Heredia; Antonio J. Meléndez-Martínez

2011-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

368

The effects of an ambient salinity gradient on the dilution of dense brine jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EFFECTS OF AN AMBIENT SALINITY GRADIENT ON THE DILUTION OF DENSE BRINE JETS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE MCCULLOUGH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering THE EFFECTS OF AN AMBIENT SALINITY GRADIENT ON THE DILUTION OF DENSE BRINE JETS A Thesis by GARY NAYNE MCCULLOUGH Approved as to style and content by: Robert E. Randall (Chair of Committee...

McCullough, Gary Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

369

Growing Hardier Crops for Better Health: Salinity Tolerance and the Nutritional Value of Broccoli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Growing Hardier Crops for Better Health: Salinity Tolerance and the Nutritional Value of Broccoli ... To evaluate the variations in the nutritional components of a broccoli cultivar under saline stress, two different NaCl concentrations (40 and 80 mM) were assayed. ... The flow rate was 1 mL min?1 in a linear gradient, starting with 1% B and reaching 20% B in 30 min and 1% B at 40 min. ...

Carmen López-Berenguer; María del Carmen Martínez-Ballesta; Diego A. Moreno; Micaela Carvajal; Cristina García-Viguera

2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

370

The influence of copper and bicarbonate ions on the corrosion of aluminum alloys saline solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE INFLUENCE OF COPPER AND BICARBONATE IONS ON THE CORROSION OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS IN SALINE SOLUTIONS A Thesis by ALCIBIADES BECERRA-DIAZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1972 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineerinq THE INFLUENCE OF COPPER AND BICARBONATE IONS ON THE CORROSION OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS IN SALINE SOLUTIONS A Thesis by ALCIBIADES BECERRA-DIAZ Approved as to sty1e...

Becerra-Diaz, Alcibiades

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

371

Tolerant Turf: Collaborators work to improve turfgrasses' response to drought and salinity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

genetics at the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Dallas, and researchers from #18;ve other universities have partnered with three objectives in mind#30;to develop, improve, and commercialize drought- and salinity-tolerant turfgrass. #29... Chandra, who is the project?s director. ?#29;is project is really going to impact the overall productivity and economic gain of the turfgrass industry in the South. Turfgrasses with improved drought and salinity tolerance will help conserve potable...

Smith, Courtney

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Water Balance, Salt Loading, and Salinity Control Options of Red Bluff Reservoir, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TR- 298 2007 Water Balance, Salt Loading, and Salinity Control Options of Red Bluff Reservoir, Texas by S. Miyamoto, Fasong Yuan, and Shilpa Anand Agricultural Research and Extension Center at El Paso Texas... Agricultural Experiment Station The Texas A&M University System Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University WATER BALANCE, SALT LOADING, AND SALINITY CONTROL OPTIONS OF RED BLUFF RESERVOIR, TEXAS S. Miyamoto, Fasong...

Miyamoto, S.; Yuan, Fasong; Anand, Shilpa

373

A Simple Model for Estimating Water Balance and Salinity of Reservoirs and Outflow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of floodplains in the presence of a high water table. This was accompanied by the spread of salt-tolerant riparian species, especially saltcedar (Tamarisk sp.). This scenario is repeated in many river systems in the Southwest. There are considerable... on flow and salinity of the stream and the floodplains. The first part deals with water and salt balance in reservoirs. The primary purpose of the model is to predict outflow salinity from the reservoir storage and inflow information in advance...

Miyamoto, S; Yuan, F; Anand, Shilpa

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

374

Supplement to Diagnosis and Management of Salinity Problems in Irrigated Pecan Production: Salt Leaching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES TR-387A 2010 Supplement to Diagnosis and Management of Salinity Problems in Irrigated Pecan Production: Salt Leaching By: S. Miyamoto Professor and Soil Scientist, Texas A... TWRI TR-287-A July 2010 Supplement to Diagnosis and Management of Salinity Problems in Irrigated Pecan Production: Salt Leaching S. Miyamoto Professor and Soil Scientist Texas A&M University Agricultural Research Center at El Paso (s...

Miyamoto, S.

375

The effect of NaCl salinity on bell pepper photosynthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EFFECT OF NACL SALINITY ON BELL PEPPER PHOTOSYNTHESIS A Thesis by PAUL CARL BETHKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August... 1989 Major Sub]ect& Plant Physiology THE EFFECT OF NACL SALINITY ON BELL PEPPER PHOTOSYNTHESIS A Thesis by PAUL CARL BETHKE Approved as to style and content by: co m rew ( Chair of Committee) ona ewton ( Member) war un ouser ( Member...

Bethke, Paul Carl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

376

Applications of salinity gradient solar technologies in the Southwest -- An overview  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an overview of recent applications of salinity gradient solar technologies (SGST) in the Southwest and especially in the State of Texas. SGST is a generic title for using a salinity gradient in a body of water to suppress convection and collect solar energy for a desired application, for example, salinity gradient solar ponds. Following initial work in the early 1980s at the El Paso Solar Pond project and funding of the Texas Solar Pond Consortium by the State of Texas and the Bureau of Reclamation, several applications involving the use of salinity gradient solar technologies have emerged. These applications include a biomass waste to energy project using heat from a solar pond at Bruce Foods Corporation; an industrial process heat application for sodium sulfate mining near Seagraves, Texas; overwintering thermal refuges for mariculture in Palacios, Texas; a potential salt management project on the Brazos River near Abilene, Texas; and use of solar ponds for brine disposal at a water desalting project in a small colonia east of El Paso. This paper discusses salinity gradient solar technology requirements and the abundance of resources available in Texas and the Southwest which makes this an attractive location for the commercial development of salinity gradient projects. Barriers to development as well as catalysts are discussed before a brief overview of the projects listed above is provided.

Swift, A.H.P.; Lu, H. [Univ. of Texas, El Paso, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

377

Fluoride and Arsenic in an Alluvial Aquifer System in Chihuahua, Mexico: Contaminant Levels, Potential Sources, and Co-occurrence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objectives of this study were to identify potential sources of As and F within an alluvial aquifer system in central Chihuahua, to evaluate their change in concentrations with...?1, and 13 wells surpassed the...

Víctor M. Reyes-Gómez; María Teresa Alarcón-Herrera…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Composition and Diversity of Microbial Communities Recovered from Surrogate Minerals Incubated in an Acidic Uranium-Contaminated Aquifer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to that from the quartz sand medium, suggesting that...separating hematite and sand. c Sediment1, unsaturated...communities in a Pleistocene sand aquifer and their in vitro...and distribution in deep gas hydrate sediments from the Cascadia...

Catherine L. Reardon; David E. Cummings; Lynn M. Petzke; Barry L. Kinsall; David B. Watson; Brent M. Peyton; Gill G. Geesey

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Modeling soil salinity distribution along topographic gradients in tidal salt marshes in Atlantic and Gulf coastal regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soil salinity plays a very important role in determining the distribution of vegetation, plant productivity, and biogeochemical processes in coastal marsh ecosystems. Salinity gradients and salinity–vegetation associations in salt marshes have often been observed but rarely explained. A quantitative and systematic study on the soil salinity distribution in salt marshes is not only important to the understanding of coastal marsh ecosystems but also to the development of a potentially useful ecological and environmental indicator. In this research, we developed a salt marsh soil salinity model based on an existing salt and water balance model with modifications to several key features to examine the impacts of tidal forcing, climate, soil, vegetation, and topography on soil salinity distributions of the Atlantic and Gulf coastal marshes. This model was calibrated and validated using field observations from the St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) of northwestern Florida, USA. The results showed that the model had good agreement (r2 = 0.84, n = 15, P salinity maximum in a coastal salt marsh. Simulations indicate that tidal irregularity primarily controls the width of the salinity maximum band. Evapotranspiration, temperature, hydraulic conductivity, and incoming tidal salinity significantly affect the salinity maximum band, which may lead to the formation of salt barrens/flats when reaching a threshold level.

Hongqing Wang; Y. Ping Hsieh; Mark A. Harwell; Wenrui Huang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Summary and evaluation of hydraulic property data available for the Hanford Site upper basalt confined aquifer system  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory, as part of the Hanford Site Ground-Water Surveillance Project, examines the potential for offsite migration of contamination within the upper basalt confined aquifer system. For the past 40 years, hydrologic testing of the upper basalt confined aquifer has been conducted by a number of Hanford Site programs. Hydraulic property estimates are important for evaluating aquifer flow characteristics (i.e., ground-water flow patterns, flow velocity, transport travel time). Presented are the first comprehensive Hanford Site-wide summary of hydraulic properties for the upper basalt confined aquifer system (i.e., the upper Saddle Mountains Basalt). Available hydrologic test data were reevaluated using recently developed diagnostic test analysis methods. A comparison of calculated transmissivity estimates indicates that, for most test results, a general correspondence within a factor of two between reanalysis and previously reported test values was obtained. For a majority of the tests, previously reported values are greater than reanalysis estimates. This overestimation is attributed to a number of factors, including, in many cases, a misapplication of nonleaky confined aquifer analysis methods in previous analysis reports to tests that exhibit leaky confined aquifer response behavior. Results of the test analyses indicate a similar range for transmissivity values for the various hydro-geologic units making up the upper basalt confined aquifer. Approximately 90% of the calculated transmissivity values for upper basalt confined aquifer hydrogeologic units occur within the range of 10{sup 0} to 10{sup 2} m{sup 2}/d, with 65% of the calculated estimate values occurring between 10{sup 1} to 10{sup 2} m{sup 2}d. These summary findings are consistent with the general range of values previously reported for basalt interflow contact zones and sedimentary interbeds within the Saddle Mountains Basalt.

Spane, F.A. Jr.; Vermeul, V.R.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The construction and use of aquifer influence functions in determining original gas in place for water-drive gas reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE CONSTRUCTION AND USE OF AQUIFER INFLUENCE FUNCTIONS IN DETERMINING ORIGINAL GAS IN PLACE FOR WATER-DRIVE GAS RESERVOIRS A Thesis by RONALD JOSEPH GAJDICA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering THE CONSTRUCTION AND USE OF AQUIFER INFLUENCE FUNCTIONS IN DETERMINING ORIGINAL GAS IN PLACE FOR MATER-DRIVE GAS RESERVOIRS A Thesis by RONALD JOSEPH...

Gajdica, Ronald Joseph

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Options, knowledge, and satisfaction of Texas residents affected by Edwards Aquifer issues: implications for education and government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPINIONS, KNOWLEDGE, AND SATISFACTION OF TEXAS RESIDENTS AFFECTED BY EDWARDS AQUIFER ISSUES: IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATION AND GOVERNMENT A Thesis by AMY SUZETTE KINNEY Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... Education ABSTRACT Opinions, Knowledge, and Satisfaction of Texas Residents Affected by Edwards Aquifer Issues: Implications for Education and Government. (December 1994) Amy Suzette Kinney, B. S. , Tarleton State University Chair of Advisory Committee...

Kinney, Amy Suzette

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Field Demonstration of CO2 Leakage Detection in Potable Aquifers with a Pulselike CO2-Release Test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Field Demonstration of CO2 Leakage Detection in Potable Aquifers with a Pulselike CO2-Release Test ... This study presents two field pulselike CO2-release tests to demonstrate CO2 leakage detection in a shallow aquifer by monitoring groundwater pH, alkalinity, and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) using the periodic groundwater sampling method and a fiber-optic CO2 sensor for real-time in situ monitoring of dissolved CO2 in groundwater. ...

Changbing Yang; Susan D. Hovorka; Jesus Delgado-Alonso; Patrick J. Mickler; Ramón H. Treviño; Straun Phillips

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

384

Injection of Zero Valent Iron into an Unconfined Aquifer Using Shear-Thinning Fluids  

SciTech Connect

Approximately 190 kg of two micron-diameter zero-valent iron (ZVI) particles were injected into a test zone in the top two meters of an unconfined aquifer within a trichloroethene (TCE) source area. A shear-thinning fluid was used to enhance ZVI delivery in the subsurface to a radial distance of up to four meters from a single injection well. The ZVI particles were mixed in-line with the injection water, shear-thinning fluid, and a low concentration of surfactant. ZVI was observed at each of the seven monitoring wells within the targeted radius of influence during injection. Additionally, all wells within the targeted zone showed low TCE concentrations and primarily dechlorination products present 44 days after injection. These results suggest that ZVI can be directly injected into an aquifer with shear-thinning fluids and extends the applicability of ZVI to situations where other emplacement methods may not be viable.

Truex, Michael J.; Vermeul, Vincent R.; Mendoza, Donaldo P.; Fritz, Brad G.; Mackley, Rob D.; Oostrom, Martinus; Wietsma, Thomas W.; Macbeth, Tamzen

2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

385

Microbial Activity during Biodegradation and its Effects on Groundwater Velocity in a Contaminated Aquifer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene isomers (BTEX) (Yerushalmi et al., 1999; Landmeyer and Bradley 2003). Such passive methods rely on the ambient groundwater velocity to deliver contaminants to the reactive zone. Biostimulation techniques operate... Microbial Activity during Biodegradation and its Effects on Groundwater Velocity in a Contaminated Aquifer by Copyright 2008 Peter Curtis Schillig B.S. (Dept. Hons), Ohio University, 2005 Submitted to the Department...

Schillig, Peter C.

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

386

Nature and extent of lava-flow aquifers beneath Pahute Mesa, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

Work is currently underway within the Underground Test Area subproject of the US Department of Energy/Nevada Operations Office Environmental Restoration Program to develop corrective action plans in support of the overall corrective action strategy for the Nevada Test Site as established in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996). A closure plan is currently being developed for Pahute Mesa, which has been identified in the FFACO as consisting of the Western and Central Pahute Mesa Corrective Action Units. Part of this effort requires that hydrogeologic data be compiled for inclusion in a regional model that will be used to predict a contaminant boundary for these Corrective Action Units. Hydrogeologic maps have been prepared for use in the model to define the nature and extent of aquifers and confining units that might influence the flow of contaminated groundwater from underground nuclear tests conducted at Pahute Mesa. Much of the groundwater flow beneath Pahute Mesa occurs within lava-flow aquifers. An understanding of the distribution and hydraulic character of these important hydrogeologic units is necessary to accurately model groundwater flow beneath Pahute Mesa. This report summarizes the results of a study by Bechtel Nevada geologists to better define the hydrogeology of lava-flow aquifers at Pahute Mesa. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) aid in the development of the hydrostratigraphic framework for Pahute Mesa, and (2) provide information on the distribution and hydraulic character of lava-flow aquifers beneath Pahute Mesa for more accurate computer modeling of the Western and Central Pahute Mesa Corrective Action Units.

Prothro, L.B.; Drellack, S.L. Jr.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Low-Salinity Waterflooding to Improve Oil Recovery - Historical Field Evidence  

SciTech Connect

Waterflooding is by far the most widely applied method of improved oil recovery. Crude oil/brine/rock interactions can lead to large variations in the displacement efficiency of wa-terfloods. Laboratory water-flood tests and single-well tracer tests have shown that injection of dilute brine can increase oil recovery, but work designed to test the method on a field scale has not yet been undertaken. Historical waterflood records could unintentionally provide some evidence of improved recovery from waterflooding with lower salinity brine. Nu-merous fields in the Powder River basin of Wyoming have been waterflooded using low salinity brine (about 500 ppm) obtained from the Madison limestone or Fox Hills sandstone. Three Minnelusa formation fields in the basin were identified as potential candidates for waterflood comparisons based on the salinity of the connate and injection water. Historical pro-duction and injection data for these fields were obtained from the public record. Field waterflood data were manipulated to be displayed in the same format as laboratory coreflood re-sults. Recovery from fields using lower salinity injection wa-ter was greater than that using higher salinity injection wa-ter—matching recovery trends for laboratory and single-well tests.

Eric P. Robertson

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Blue energy: Current technologies for sustainable power generation from water salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract “Salinity energy” stored as the salinity difference between seawater and freshwater is a large-scale renewable resource that can be harvested and converted to electricity, but extracting it efficiently as a form of useful energy remains a challenge. With the development of membrane science and technology, membrane-based techniques for energy extraction from water salinity, such as pressure-retarded osmosis and reverse electro-dialysis, have seen tremendous development in recent years. Meanwhile, many other novel methods for harvesting exergy from water mixing processes, such as electrochemical capacitor and nano-fluidic energy harvesting systems, have been proposed. In this work, an overview and state-of-the-art of the current technologies for sustainable power generation from the water salinity gradient are presented. Characteristics of these technologies are analyzed and compared for this particular application. Based on these entropic energy extracting methods, the water salinity, as the “blue energy”, will be another source of renewable energy to satisfy the ever-growing energy demand of human society.

Zhijun Jia; Baoguo Wang; Shiqiang Song; Yongsheng Fan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Solar energy storage by salinity gradient solar pond: Pilot plant construction and gradient control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental solar pond pilot plant was constructed in Solvay-Martorell, facilities, Catalonia (NE part of the Iberian Peninsula) to capture and store solar energy. The body of the pond is a cylindrical reinforced concrete tank, 3 m height, 8 m diameter and total area of 50 m2. Salinity and thermal gradient were properly established by using the salinity distribution methodology. The gradient in the pond was maintained by feeding salt (NaCl) through a cylindrical salt charger to the bottom at a height of 80 cm from the pond floor. Continuous surface washing using tap water supply maintained the salinity of the top convective layer at a low level and compensate loses by evaporation. An acidification method by addition of \\{HCl\\} at different heights was used to control the clarity of the pond. The salinity gradient was fully established on 30 September 2009 and has been maintained until the date. After winter time (February 2010), the pond warms up and the temperature increased continuously until it reached its maximum (55 °C) in August 2010. The salinity gradient observed great stability after one year of continuous control and maintenance and under different weather conditions.

César Valderrama; Oriol Gibert; Jordina Arcal; Pau Solano; Aliakbar Akbarzadeh; Enric Larrotcha; José Luis Cortina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Transient hydrodynamic, heat and mass transfer in a salinity gradient solar pond: A numerical study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The impoverishment of our planet in non-renewable energies has incited researchers to design salinity gradient solar ponds to collect and store solar energy at a lower cost. It is in this context that the present research work lies to focus on the numerical study of the transient hydrodynamic, heat and mass transfer in a salinity gradient solar pond. The problem is tackled using the dimensionless governing equations of Navier–Stokes, thermal energy and mass transfer, which are solved numerically by finite-volume method to provide the temperature, concentration and velocity fields in transient regime. The pond is filled with salty water of various salinities to form three zones of salty water: Upper Convective Zone (UCZ), Non-Convective Zone (NCZ) and Lower Convective Zone (LCZ). To prevent convective movements induced by the internal heating of salty water due to solar radiation absorption, a salinity gradient is used in the solar pond. Representative results illustrating the influence of internal Rayleigh number on the thermal performance of the pond and the effect of the aspect ratio on the distribution of temperature and velocity fields in the salinity gradient solar pond (SGSP) are discussed. In addition, results for the transient average temperature of UCZ and LCZ are presented and discussed for various parametric conditions.

Ridha Boudhiaf; Mounir Baccar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Life in the salinity gradient: Discovering mechanisms behind a new biodiversity pattern  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A recently discovered paradoxical maximum of planktonic protistan species in the salinity gradient of the Baltic Sea revealed an inverse trend of species number/salinity relation in comparison to the previously accepted species-minimum model for macrozoobenthos. Here, we review long-term data on organisms of different size classes and ecological groups to show that eukaryotic and prokaryotic microbes in plankton demonstrate a maximum species richness in the challenging zone of the critical salinity 5–8, where the large-bodied bottom dwellers (macrozoobenthos, macroalgae and aquatic higher plants) experience large-scale salinity stress which leads to an impoverished diversity. We propose a new conceptual model to explain why the diversity of small, fast-developing, rapidly evolving unicellular plankton organisms benefits from relative vacancy of brackish-water ecological niches and impaired competitiveness therein. The ecotone theory, Hutchinson's Ecological Niche Concept, species–area relationships and the Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis are considered as a theoretical framework for understanding extinctions, speciation and variations in the evolution rates of different aquatic species in ecosystems with the pronounced salinity gradient.

Irena Telesh; Hendrik Schubert; Sergei Skarlato

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Influence of Natural Organic Matter Fouling and Osmotic Backwash on Pressure Retarded Osmosis Energy Production from Natural Salinity Gradients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Influence of Natural Organic Matter Fouling and Osmotic Backwash on Pressure Retarded Osmosis Energy Production from Natural Salinity Gradients ... Therefore, SRNOM fouling of porous support in PRO detrimentally constrains the ability of the membrane to convert salinity gradient energy into useful work. ... Other unique areas of forward osmosis research include pressure-retarded osmosis for generation of electricity from saline and fresh water and implantable osmotic pumps for controlled drug release. ...

Ngai Yin Yip; Menachem Elimelech

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

393

Saline Valley Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saline Valley Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Saline Valley Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Saline Valley Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Inyo County, California Coordinates 36.3091865°, -117.5495846° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

394

Regional ground-water mixing and the origin of saline fluids: Midcontinent, United States  

SciTech Connect

Ground waters in three adjacent regional flow systems in the midcontinent exhibit extreme chemical and isotopic variations that delineate large-scale fluid flow and mixing processes and two distinct mechanisms for the generation of saline fluids. Systematic spatial variations of major ion concentrations, H, O, and Sr isotopic compositions, and ground-water migration pathways indicate that each flow system contains water of markedly different origin. Mixing of the three separate ground waters exerts a fundamental control on ground-water composition. The three ground waters are: (i) dilute meteoric water recharged in southern Missouri; (ii) saline Na-Ca-Cl water in southeastern Kansas of far-traveled meteoric origin that acquired its salinity by halite dissolution; and (iii) Na-Ca-Cl brines in north-central Oklahoma that may have originated as Paleozoic seawater. 45 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Musgrove, M.; Banner, J.L. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States))

1993-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

395

Diversity and abundance of “Pelagibacterales” (SAR11) in the Baltic Sea salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The candidate order “Pelagibacterales” (SAR11) is one of the most abundant bacterial orders in ocean surface waters and, periodically, in freshwater lakes. The presence of several stable phylogenetic lineages comprising “Pelagibacterales” correlates with the physico-chemical parameters in aquatic environments. A previous amplicon sequencing study covering the bacterial community in the salinity gradient of the Baltic Sea suggested that pelagibacteral subclade SAR11-I was replaced by SAR11-IIIa in the mesohaline region of the Baltic Sea. In this current study, we investigated the cellular abundances of “Pelagibacterales” subclades along the Baltic Sea salinity gradient using catalyzed reporter deposition fluorescence in situ hybridization (CARD-FISH). The results obtained with a newly designed probe, which exclusively detected SAR11-IIIa, were compared to CARD-FISH abundances of the marine SAR11-I/II subclade and the freshwater lineage SAR11-IIIb (LD12). The results showed that SAR11-IIIa was abundant in oligohaline–mesohaline conditions (salinities 2.7–13.3), with maximal abundances at a salinity of 7 (up to 35% of total Bacteria, quantified with a universal bacterial probe EUB). As expected, SAR11-I/II was abundant (27% of EUB) in the marine parts of the Baltic Sea, whereas counts of the freshwater lineage SAR11-IIIb were below the detection limit at all stations. The shift from SAR11-IIIa to SAR11-I/II was confirmed in the vertical salinity gradient in the deeper basins of the Baltic Sea. These findings were consistent with an overlapping but defined distribution of SAR11-I/II and SAR11-IIIa in the salinity gradient of the Baltic Sea and suggested the adaptation of SAR11-IIIa for growth and survival in mesohaline conditions.

Daniel P.R. Herlemann; Jana Woelk; Matthias Labrenz; Klaus Jürgens

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

In situ experimental study of reed leaf decomposition along a full salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental study on Phragmites australis leaf litter decomposition was conducted in the estuarine environment, Ria de Aveiro, Western Portugal, using the leaf-bag technique, with fine- (1 mm) and coarse-mesh (5 mm) bags. The leaf bags were placed in the field sites at day 0, covering a complete salinity gradient, and replicates were collected over time, at days 3 (leaching), 7, 15, 30 and 60. The biomass loss through the leaching phase, about 20% of the initial leaf mass, was independent of both the salinity and the bag mesh size. The biomass decay pattern along the salinity gradient varied through time and presented strong similarities between the two mesh sizes, with the remaining biomass always lower in the 5 mm mesh-size bags. At days 7 and 15, the lowest remaining biomass was observed at the head of the estuary, the preferential distribution area of P. australis. At day 30, the remaining biomass was higher in the marine area and diminished under a direct relationship with salinity, reaching the lowest value in the freshwater environment, with values ranging from 66% to 44% of the initial weight in 5 mm bags, and from 79% to 51% in 1 mm bags. The largest heterogeneity in the remaining biomass among the study areas positioned along the salinity gradient was found close to days 30 (5 mm) and 40 (1 mm). The overall results indicate that the relationship between leaf decay rate and salinity depends on the decay time considered (k15, k30 or k60) and, for the later stages (k60), also on the leaf-bag mesh size. This implies that the use of leaf litter decay rates as a functional indicator in transitional waters will need to take into consideration the factor location in the salinity gradient and leaf litter stage at which the decay rate is determined. The differences between the decay rates with the mesh size acted mainly at the level of the absolute k value and not at the level of the pattern along the salinity gradient. Even so, the data obtained at the mouth of the estuary, in the area closest to a fully marine environment, indicated that after the initial biomass loss through leaching, P. australis decayed either very slowly, in the 5 mm, or not at all, in the 1 mm mesh bags.

Victor Quintino; Franca Sangiorgio; Fernando Ricardo; Renato Mamede; Adília Pires; Rosa Freitas; Ana Maria Rodrigues; Alberto Basset

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Use of a 2-inch, dual screen well to conduct aquifer tests in the upper and lower Lost lake aquifer zones: Western sector, A/M area, SRS  

SciTech Connect

The Western Sector, A/M Area is located just west of the M-Area Settling Basin on an upland area. The area is adjacent to the gently inclined area where the upland drops off to the Savannah River floodplain. Water in the parts of the uppermost aquifers contains dissolved contaminants which originated at the land surface and have leached downward into the groundwater. Subsurface contamination originated in the locality of the M-Area Settling Basin and Lost Lake, which is a Carolina Bay. These locations functioned as disposal sites for industrial solvents during the early years of operation of the Savannah River Site. The primary groundwater contaminants are trichloroethylene (TCE) and tetrachloroethylene (PCE), and groundwater concentrations of TCE are significantly greater than the PCE.

Hiergesell, R.A.; Novick, J.S.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Spacial Distribution of Salinity and the Mechanism of Saltwater Intrusion in the Modaomen Water Channel of Pear River Estuary  

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Modaomen channel is an important fresh water resource in Pearl River Delta. It has been impacted by saltwater intrusion frequently in the last decade. This has drawn more and more attention from scientists and engineers. The hydrodynamic mechanism of saltwater intrusion is still impercipient. In the present paper hydrographs of velocity and salinity in the channel are analyzed based on field observations of velocity and salinity of upper middle and lower water layers at several stations along the Modaomen channel. It is found that the transport of salinity in Modaomen channel is obviously different from other estuaries. As the tidal range increases from neap to spring tide the salinity in each water layer decreases unexpectedly. This peculiar phenomenon is attributed to the extraordinary flow process in the channel. When salinity value in each layer and vertical salinity gradient are lower during spring tide no matter on rising or ebbing tide the flow velocity monotonously decreases from water surface to the bottom which is suggested by common sense. However when salinity values and vertical salinity gradient are higher during neap tide the flow velocity unexpectedly increases from water surface to the bottom during flood period and flood duration of the bottom current is surprisingly as long as 15?18 hours. In addition an inflexional velocity profile may remain amazingly for about 9 hours. This could be driven by the baroclinic pressure under the condition of tides topography and upstream runoff discharge of this channel.

J. B. Liu; Y. Bao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Cey. J. Sci. (Bio. Sci.) 37 (1): 49-59, 2008 SALINITY IMPLICATIONS OF WASTEWATER IRRIGATION IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cey. J. Sci. (Bio. Sci.) 37 (1): 49-59, 2008 SALINITY IMPLICATIONS OF WASTEWATER IRRIGATION and shortage of good quality water, wastewater irrigation is a growing phenomenon in many arid and semi-arid countries. A common characteristic of wastewater is high salinity, with cities typically adding 200 ­ 500 mg

Scott, Christopher

400

A Conceptual Model of the Surface Salinity Distribution in the Oceanic Hadley Cell JOHAN NILSSON AND HEINER KRNICH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Conceptual Model of the Surface Salinity Distribution in the Oceanic Hadley Cell JOHAN NILSSON in the oceanic Hadley cell is presented. The model pertains to the region of tropical easterly surface winds of the near-surface air is constant, the salinity variation in the oceanic Hadley cell varies essentially

Nilsson, Johan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Laboratory measurement of hydrodynamic saline dispersion within a micro-fracture network induced in granite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory measurement of hydrodynamic saline dispersion within a micro-fracture network induced plug of Ailsa Craig micro-granite by thermal stressing, to produce an isotropic network of fractures number­dispersion relationship for the micro-fracture network is very similar to that predicted for other

402

Soil mineral genesis and distribution in a saline lake landscape of the Pantanal Wetland, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soil mineral genesis and distribution in a saline lake landscape of the Pantanal Wetland, Brazil S Geografia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil b Soil & Water Sciences Program, Department São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 20 August

Ahmad, Sajjad

403

Soil morphological control on saline and freshwater lake hydrogeochemistry in the Pantanal of Nhecolndia, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

morphological control on saline and freshwater lake hydrogeochemistry in the Pantanal of Nhecolândia, Brazil L-MS, Brazil 4 ­ Laboratório de Pedologia, Departamento de Geografia, Universidade de São Paulo C.P. 8105, 05508-900, São Paulo, Brazil 5 - UFMS, Departamento de Geografia, Campus de Três Lagoas, Av. Ranulfo

Boyer, Edmond

404

Author's personal copy Effect of fluid salinity on subcritical crack propagation in calcite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy Effect of fluid salinity on subcritical crack propagation in calcite Fatma Accepted 22 October 2012 Available online 31 October 2012 Keywords: Subcritical crack growth Calcite Salt Damage The slow propagation of cracks, also called subcritical crack growth, is a mechanism of fracturing

405

SALINITY AND TEMPERATURE IN SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO BAY, CALIFORNIA, AT DUMBARTON BRIDGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-mean-square) Tide (height) at Dumbarton Bridge and the Golden Gate Bridge during 2000WYSALINITY AND TEMPERATURE IN SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO BAY, CALIFORNIA, AT DUMBARTON BRIDGE: RESULTS FROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Fig. 10. Time-series plots of daily mean salinity at Dumbarton Bridge for 1990WY-1993WY, 1994WY

406

Effects of biofilms, sunlight, and salinity on corrosion potential and corrosion initiation of stainless alloys  

SciTech Connect

This phenomenon of corrosion potential ennoblement on stainless alloys is well known for full strength seawater. This report presents data on the extent to which that process occurs as a function of salinity and sunlight level for: stainless steels S30400 and S31600; stainless alloys S44735 (29-4C), S44660 (Seacure), NO8367 (6XN) and N10276 (C-276); and R50250 (Ti-Gr2). The results showed that natural population biofilms formed from all salinity waters under low light level conditions were capable of ennobling the corrosion potentials of all test alloys, although R50250 was consistently ennobled the least. Both the amount of ennoblement and the highest steady potential reached were maximized in fresh water and decreased for all alloys with increasing salinity. The critical pitting potentials for all test alloys were measured in coastal seawater. In addition, the critical pitting potentials for alloys S30400 and S31600 were measured (or estimated from the literature) as a function of salinity. The effect of ennoblement on the initiation and propagation of crevice corrosion are currently under investigation. The effect of sunlight on corrosion potential ennoblement was examined for the super alloy N10276 (C-276). Mechanisms by which ennoblement may be affected by sunlight were discussed, and it was hypothesized that the phenomenon may be at least partially understood in terms of pH fluctuations within the biofilm under the influence of periodic changes in the rates of photosynthesis and respiration.

Dexter, S.C.; Zhang, H.-J. (Delaware Univ., Lewes, DE (USA). Coll. of Marine Studies)

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Predicting the surface tension of aqueous 1-1 electrolyte solutions at high salinity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting the surface tension of aqueous 1-1 electrolyte solutions at high salinity Philippe Leroy 74, 19 (2010) p. 5427-5442" DOI : 10.1016/j.gca.2010.06.012 #12;2 ABSTRACT The surface tension to predict, under isothermal and isobaric conditions, the surface tension of 1:1 electrolytes at high

Boyer, Edmond

408

Laboratory measurements of acoustic scattering from a temperature and salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently developed theoretical scattering models predict that acoustic scattering from temperature and salinity microstructure at high frequencies (10 kHz–1 MHz) can be significant under certain oceanographic conditions. The results of this theoretical work suggest that it may be possible to use acoustic scattering techniques in combination with the scattering models to estimate oceanographic parameters such as the dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy. In addition quantification of the scattering contributions from temperature and salinity microstructure can play an important role in correctly interpreting acoustic surveys of marine life since recent field data indicate that the acoustic returns from zooplankton and microstructure can be of similar strength. Acoustic backscatter from a sharp temperature and salinity gradient was measured in a tank capable of generating and sustaining a thin double?diffusive layer (1–2 cm thick) between two water masses (cold fresh residing above warm salty water). Vertical shear temperature and salinity profiles were measured during the experiment to provide input to the acoustic scattering models. Backscatter was measured at frequencies between 24 kHz and 500 kHz and as a function of range from the sharp interface as part of a program to measure the backscattering from microstructure. a)Currently at Southwest Fisheries Science Center La Jolla CA 92037.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Using microbial desalination cells to reduce water salinity prior to reverse Maha Mehanna,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the middle chamber, the MDC also has characteristics of a reverse electrodialysis (RED) processUsing microbial desalination cells to reduce water salinity prior to reverse osmosis Maha Mehanna the energy efficiency of a downstream reverse osmosis (RO) desalination system. We investigated here the use

410

Capacitive mixing power production from salinity gradient energy enhanced through exoelectrogen-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to generate electrical power directly from salinity gradient energy using capacitive electrodes have recently generation and wastewater treatment. Introduction Harnessing the entropic energy released when river water with these capacitive electrodes two different ways: either through changes in membrane potentials due to ion

411

Manual on Conditional Reliability, Daily Time Step, Flood Control, and Salinity Features of WRAP (Draft)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SALT Input Files root2.SIN required salinity input file with concentrations or loads of entering flows root2.DAT required main SIM/SIMD input file from which CP records are read root2.OUT required main SIM/SIMD output file with simulation results...

Wurbs, Ralph

412

Conditional Reliability, Sub-Monthly Time Step, Flood Control, and Salinity Features of WRAP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SALT Input Files root2.SIN required salinity input file with concentrations or loads of entering flows root2.DAT required main SIM/SIMD input file from which CP records are read root2.OUT required main SIM/SIMD output file with simulation results...

Salazar, A.A.; Olmos, H.E.; Hoffpauir, R.J.; Wurbs, R.A.

413

Seasonal dynamics of sea surface salinity off Panama: The far Eastern Pacific Fresh Pool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seasonal dynamics of sea surface salinity off Panama: The far Eastern Pacific Fresh Pool Gaël Alory is confined between Panama's west coast and 85 W in December and extends westward to 95 W in April. Strong SSS at the surface, along with hydrographic profiles. The fresh pool appears off Panama due to the strong summer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

414

An ecological study of the Gulf Menhaden (Brevoortia patronus) in a low salinity estuary in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Depar tment Member (Member DECEMBER 1970 ABSTRACT An Ecological Study of the Gulf Mhd(B t'a~t)5aL* Salinity Estuary in Texas. (December, 1970) Hoyt W. Holcomb, Jr. , B. S. , Texas A&M University; Directed by: Dr. R. J. Baldauf An ecological...

Holcomb, Hoyt West

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Identification of Argentinian saline drylands suitable for growing Salicornia bigelovii for bioenergy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Salicornia bigelovii is an oilseed halophyte species that can be grown using saltwater in saline and coastal areas where conventional crops cannot be grown. Due to its high oil content, comparable with commercial crops, is a promising feedstock for biodiesel production. To determine the agroclimatic zoning of S. bigelovii in Argentina, thermal and rainfall indexes from its center of origin were taken into account and plotted for the period 1981–2010. The overlapping of the temperature and rainfall maps defined the agroclimatic zoning which determined optimal, very suitable, suitable, marginal and non-suitable areas for cultivation of S. bigelovii in Argentina. Subsequently, the Dryland Salinity classification of FAO was used to identify putative sites of implantation of S. bigelovii in moderately and strongly saline phases where soil electrical conductivity ranges from 12.4 to 22.1 mmhos/cm. Finally, the overlapping of both the agroclimatic suitability and Dryland Salinity maps afforded the agro-ecological suitability map, which showed the same five fitness classes defined in the agroclimatic zoning.

S.L. Falasca; A. Ulberich; A. Acevedo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Salinization of Irrigated Urban Soils: A Case Study of El Paso, TX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the Northwest, and the Upper and Lower Valleys, covering 16 fairways at seven golf courses, 37 city parks, 30 school grounds, and 13 apartment landscapes on the Westside. The highest soil salinity (6 to 11 dS m-1) was found in the clayey soils of the Upper...

Miyamoto, S.

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

417

Using Trends and Geochemical Analysis to Assess Salinity Sources along the Pecos River, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the reservoir rose as much as 10 mg/L per year and often approached the drinking water standard for potable water (1000 mg/L). Since this time, control efforts have focused on reducing the river's salinity, requiring the identification of salt sources...

Hoff, Aaron

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

418

Interaction between shallow groundwater, saline surface water and contaminant discharge at a seasonally  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the behaviour of the hydrocarbon plume at the groundwater/surface water transition zone to be strongly B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Ground water; Surface water; Hydrocarbons; Discharge; TidesInteraction between shallow groundwater, saline surface water and contaminant discharge

Clement, Prabhakar

419

GEOLOGY, December 2007 1063 Semi-arid and arid rivers typically exhibit increasing salinity levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of subsurface saline waters of connate, diagenetic, or geothermal origin, and anthropogenic sources), and (2-basin scale and must consider geologic as well as anthropogenic solute sources and the processes that may Grande­ Rio Bravo (United States and Mexico), a highly stressed arid-region river in which chronic water

Asmerom, Yemane

420

Re-evaluating the 238 U-salinity relationship in seawater: Implications for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

02543, USA c Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wyoming, Dept. 3006, Laramie, WY 82071 form 13 July 2011 Accepted 14 July 2011 Available online 23 July 2011 Keywords: Uranium Salinity for applications of uranium decay- series radionuclides used to understand particle export and cycling in marine

Buesseler, Ken

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Semi-analytical solutions for stream–aquifer interactions under triangular stream-stage variations and its application to study urbanization impacts in an ungaged watershed of south Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simple yet physically based models to evaluate stream–aquifer interactions during a flooding event subject to triangular stream stage variation ... urbanization on stream–aquifer interactions in the Arroyo Colorado

E. Annette Hernandez; Venkatesh Uddameri

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Desorption Behavior of Carbon Tetrachloride and Chloroform in contaminated Low Organic Carbon Aquifer Sediments  

SciTech Connect

Experimental determination of contaminant behavior in deep aquifer sediments is challenging because of the cost and difficulty associated with sample collection. On the other hand, parameter values important to contaminant transport (e.g., distribution coefficient) derived from such sediments may be more accurate than those determined by estimation methods. Furthermore, experiments performed with sediments where the contaminants have been in contact with the sediments for decades are more likely to reveal kinetic controls on contaminant transport not as readily revealed in short contact time experiments. We report the first measurements of CCl4 and CHCl3 distribution coefficients in contaminated Hanford sediments with varying physical/chemical properties.

Riley, Robert G.; Szecsody, Jim E.; Sklarew, Debbie S.; Mitroshkov, Alexandre V.; Gent, Philip M.; Brown, Christopher F.; Thompson, Christopher J.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Constitutive expression of a salinity-induced wheat WRKY transcription factor enhances salinity and ionic stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: •A class II WRKY transcription factor, TaWRKY79 was isolated and characterized. •TaWRKY79 was induced by NaCl or abscisic acid. •843 bp regulatory segment was sufficient to respond to ABA or NaCl treatment. •TaWRKY79 enhanced salinity and ionic tolerance while reduced sensitivity to ABA. •TaWRKY79 increased salinity and ionic tolerance in an ABA-dependent pathway. -- Abstract: The isolation and characterization of TaWRKY79, a wheat class II WRKY transcription factor, is described. Its 1297 bp coding region includes a 987 bp long open reading frame. TaWRKY79 was induced by stressing seedlings with either NaCl or abscisic acid (ABA). When a fusion between an 843 bp segment upstream of the TaWRKY79 coding sequence and GUS was introduced into Arabidopsis thaliana, GUS staining indicated that this upstream segment captured the sequence(s) required to respond to ABA or NaCl treatment. When TaWRKY79 was constitutively expressed as a transgene in A. thaliana, the transgenic plants showed an improved capacity to extend their primary root in the presence of either 100 mM NaCl, 10 mM LiCl or 2 ?M ABA. The inference was that TaWRKY79 enhanced the level of tolerance to both salinity and ionic stress, while reducing the level of sensitivity to ABA. The ABA-related genes ABA1, ABA2 ABI1 and ABI5 were all up-regulated in the TaWRKY79 transgenic plants, suggesting that the transcription factor operates in an ABA-dependent pathway.

Qin, Yuxiang, E-mail: yuxiangqin@126.com [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)] [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China); Tian, Yanchen [The Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm Innovation, Ministry of Education, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China)] [The Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm Innovation, Ministry of Education, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China); Han, Lu; Yang, Xinchao [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)] [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

Satellite and Argo observed surface salinity variations in the tropical Indian Ocean and their association with the Indian Ocean Dipole mode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates sea surface salinity (SSS) variations in the tropical Indian Ocean (IO) using the Aquarius/SAC-D and the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite data and the Argo observations during July 2010-July 2014. Compared ...

DU Yan; ZHANG Yuhong

425

Hydrogen Chemistry of Basalt Aquifers --Treiman et al. 282 (5397): 21... http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/282/5397/2194e?maxtosh... 1 of 2 2/19/2008 1:26 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Chemistry of Basalt Aquifers -- Treiman et al. 282 (5397): 21... http. 2194 DOI: 10.1126/science.282.5397.2194e LETTERS Hydrogen Chemistry of Basalt Aquifers In their report "Evidence against hydrogen-based microbial ecosystems in basalt aquifers" (14 Aug., p. 976), Robert T

Lovley, Derek

426

Sphalerite mineralization in deep lying dolomites of Upper Arbuckle age, west central Kansas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...line with thistypeof reason- ing,asareother,butlesspronounced,abruptshiftsin streamdirection,along the Arkansas, Cimmaron and CanadianRivers. Oil and Gas ProductionTrends.--The regionalN 52 E trend of the AldrichPool (Fig. 7) is consideredsignificant...

David Le Count Evans

427

Highly Robust Thin-Film Composite Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO) Hollow Fiber Membranes with High Power Densities for Renewable Salinity-Gradient Energy Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(1) Salinity-gradient energy (i.e., osmotic power) generated from the mixing of solutions with different salinities via pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) represents a high potential source of renewable energy. ... Thorsen, T.; Holt, T.The potential for power production from salinity gradients by pressure retarded osmosis J. Membr. ... When using saline water as the feed soln., the efficiency of the osmotic pressure decreases with increasing feed concn. ...

Gang Han; Peng Wang; Tai-Shung Chung

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

428

The chemical behavior of the transuranic elements and the barrier function in natural aquifer systems  

SciTech Connect

In a geological repository for long-lived radioactive wastes, such as actinides and certain fission products, most of the stored radionuclides remain immobile in the particular geological formation. If any of these could possibly become mobile, only trace concentrations of a few radionuclides would result. Nevertheless, with an inventory in the repository of many tonnes of transuranic elements, the amounts that could disperse cannot be neglected. A critical assessment of the chemical behavior of these nuclides, especially their migration properties in the aquifer system around the repository site, is mandatory for analysis of the long-term safety. The chemistry requited for this includes many geochemical multicomponent reactions that are so far only partially understood and [which] therefore can be quantified only incompletely. A few of these reactions have been discussed in this paper based on present knowledge. If a comprehensive discussion of the subject is impossible because of this [lack of information], then an attempt to emphasize the importance of the predominant geochemical reactions of the transuranic elements in various aquifer systems should be made.

Jewett, J.R.

1997-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

429

Quantifying saline groundwater flow into a freshwater lake using the Ra isotope quartet: A case study from the Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret), Israel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

matter in the lake. A mass-balance calculation of the different 226Ra inventories reveals a saline in the lake is estimated as 3­4 yr. The 228Ra : 226Ra ratio of the lake water and a mass-balance calculation. Mass-balance calculations of the expected saline fluxes before the diversion of saline inflows

Paytan, Adina

430

Competition and the response of three plant species to a salinity gradient' N. C. KENKEL,A. L. MCILRAITH,C. A. BURCHILL,AND G. JONES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competition and the response of three plant species to a salinity gradient' N. C. KENKEL,A. L. Competition and the response of three plant species to a salinity gradient. Can. J. Bot. 69: 2497-2502. Three-tolerant species toward the high end of the salinity gradient. The species distributions in our experimental

Kenkel, Norm

431

Secondary Succession Dynamics in Estuarine Marshes across Landscape-Scale Salinity Gradients Author(s): Caitlin Mullan Crain, Lindsey K. Albertson, Mark D. Bertness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secondary Succession Dynamics in Estuarine Marshes across Landscape-Scale Salinity Gradients AuthorAmerica SECONDARY SUCCESSION DYNAMICS IN ESTUARINE MARSHES ACROSS LANDSCAPE-SCALE SALINITY GRADIENTS Caitlin Mullan differences in the dynamics and assembly of marsh plant communities along estuarine salinity gradients

Bertness, Mark D.

432

A Test for a Trade-Off in Salinity Tolerance in Early Life-History Stages in Lucania goodei and L. parva  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in abundance along a salinity gradient where L. goodei is found predominantly in freshwater sites, and L. parva a salinity gradient. In order for selection to cause divergence, there must be local adaptation where each species at 0, 10, 20, and 30 ppt salinity, covering the gradient between fresh water and sea water found

Fuller, Rebecca

433

CASTAt'ffiA 62(2): 112-118. J1JNE 1997 Plant Diversity Along a Salinity Gradient of Four  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CASTAt'ffiA 62(2): 112-118. J1JNE 1997 Plant Diversity Along a Salinity Gradient of Four Marshes east coast along salinity gradients. They noted a large increase in species diversity of tidal and freshwater salinity gradient on the Mattaponi River, Virginia. However, these studies did not measure

Newman, Michael C.

434

Genomic scans detect signatures of selection along a salinity gradient in populations of the intertidal seaweed Fucus serratus on a 12 km scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Genomic scans detect signatures of selection along a salinity gradient in populations of the seaweed Fucus serratus spaced along a 12 km intertidal shore with a steep salinity gradient. Under Outlier loci Salinity stress Detecting natural selection in wild populations is a central challenge

Teixeira, Sara

435

Process for producing modified microorganisms for oil treatment at high temperatures, pressures and salinity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil. The processes are comprised of steps which successively limit the carbon sources and increase the temperature, pressure and salinity of the media. This is done until microbial strains are obtained that are capable of growing in essentially crude oil as a carbon source and at a temperature range from about 70 C to 90 C, at a pressure range from about 2,000 to 2,500 psi and at a salinity range from about 1.3 to 35%. 68 figs.

Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.

1996-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

436

The effects of salinity on the growth and survival of the postlarval stages of Gambusia affinis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characteristics of Sites of Capture of Gravid Female Gambusis 37 II llla- Iilb- IVa- Salinity Agustments for 25 Liters of %ster Temperature Record - Replication I (1961) Temperature Record - Replication II $962) Measurements of Specimens of Replication I... f961) 37 38 39 IVb - Measurements of Specimens of Replication II f962) LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES FIGURE I TABLE I TABLE ll TABLE III TABLE IVa TABLE IV b Experimental Design Summary Table of Results of Repllcatlon I (l961) 20 Summary...

Omundson, Glenn Erwin

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Corrosion behavior of newly developed TiAgFe dental alloys in neutral saline solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corrosion behavior of newly developed Ti­Ag­Fe dental alloys in neutral saline solution B. B. Zhang, B. L. Wang, L. Li and Y. F. Zheng* The corrosion behavior of Ti­5Ag­xFe alloys (x ¼ 1, 2.5, 5 wt) Ti,Ti­ 5Ag­xFe alloys exhibited higher corrosion potentials, lower current densities, and larger

Zheng, Yufeng

438

Don Juan Pond, Antarctica: Near-surface CaCl2-brine feeding Earth's most saline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Don Juan Pond, Antarctica: Near-surface CaCl2-brine feeding Earth's most saline lake for RSL formation, CaCl2 brines and chloride deposits in basins may provide clues to the origin of ancient,2,10­14 , the composition of the brine is unlike any other body of water in the world, as ,90% of the salt is CaCl2 1

Marchant, David R.

439

Application of robust MFI-type zeolite membrane for desalination of saline wastewater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Zeolites are potentially a more robust desalination alternative as they are chemically stable and possess the essential properties needed to reject ions. This work proposes to use zeolite membranes for desalination of saline recycled wastewater for the possibility of avoiding the costly pre-treatment needed for polymeric reverse osmosis membranes. The MFI-type zeolite membrane was developed on a tubular ?-alumina substrate by a combined rubbing and secondary hydrothermal growth method. The prepared membrane was characterised by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and single gas (He or N2) permeation, and underwent desalination tests with saline wastewater under different conditions. When saline wastewater was fed at 7 MPa to the zeolite membrane it showed a salt rejection of 80% based on electrical conductivity (EC) and a flux of 4 L m?2 h?1. A254 (organics absorption at the wavelength of 254 nm measured by a HACH DR5000 spectrophotometer) removal exceeded 90%. Slightly lower salt removal and A254 results were observed when operating at a lower pressure of 3 MPa. During batch concentration runs on the saline wastewater, the EC of the feed water increased from the initial value of 1770 µS cm?1 to 3100 µS cm?1 over the 48 h test time which indicates that a 43% water recovery was achieved. EC reduction remained >70% and flux was maintained at around 2 L m?2 h?1 throughout the test period, indicating that the membrane resisted organic fouling. Chlorine stability studies showed that a long-term (7 days) strong hypochlorite clean did not significantly alter the flux or rejection confirming the chemical stability of zeolite membranes. Overall, the zeolite membrane showed excellent chemical resilience and produced a desalinated product suitable for reuse applications (e.g. irrigation, residential or industrial). Fluxes, however, need to be improved to be competitive with current polymeric membranes as do rejections for higher purity water applications.

Bo Zhu; Darli T. Myat; Jin-Wook Shin; Yong-Han Na; Il-Shik Moon; Greg Connor; Shuichi Maeda; Gayle Morris; Stephen Gray; Mikel Duke

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Steric sea level variations during 19571994: Importance of salinity John I. Antonov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­3000 m layer during the 1957­1994 period resulted in a sea level rise at a mean rate of about 0.55 mm per sea level rise at a rate of 1.3 ± 0.5 mm/yr if the added water comes from sources other than floating and salinity variability, steric sea level, sea level rise, climate change, Labrador sea Citation: Antonov, J

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Experiences with aquifer testing and analysis in fractured low-permeability sedimentary rocks exhibiting nonradial pumping response  

SciTech Connect

Multiple-well aquifer pumping tests have been used successfully to measure the bulk hydraulic properties of limestone and shale formations of the Conasauga Group of East Tennessee and to define directional components in transmissivity associated with joints and small-scale folds. This experience demonstrates that multiple-well pumping tests can be used to measure the characteristics of low-permeability fractured rocks, and it illustrates the application of data interpretation techniques that are based on models of nonradial aquifer pumping response. Analytical models that have been used to interpret pumping test data include models for simple anisotropic response and for complex pumping response in an anisotropic aquifer intersected by a single high-conductivity vertical fracture. Comparisons of results obtained using nonradial flow methods with those obtained using traditional (radial flow) analytical methods indicate that the error from radial flow methods is generally less than an order of magnitude, an insignificant error in most low-permeability settings. However, the nonradial flow methods provide much more information on structural controls on groundwater movement. Special challenges encountered in conducting aquifer pumping tests in this hydrogeologic environment include selecting a pumping rate that can be sustained after fracture storage is depleted and laying out a test configuration that is consistent with the test geometry required by the nonradial flow interpretive models. Effective test design and data interpretation thus require extensive insight into site geology.

Smith, E.D.; Vaughan, N.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Hydraulic characterization of aquifers by thermal response testing: Validation by large-scale tank and field experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydraulic characterization of aquifers by thermal response testing: Validation by large-scale tank by application to a well-controlled, large-scale tank experiment with 9 m length, 6 m width, and 4.5 m depth, and by data interpretation from a field-scale test. The tank experiment imitates an advection-influenced TRT

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

443

Salinity variations and chemical compositions of waters in the Frio Formation, Texas Gulf Coast. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

Waters produced from sandstone reservoirs of the deep Frio Formation exhibit spatial variations in chemical composition that roughly coincide with the major tectonic elements (Houston and Rio Grande Embayments, San Marcos Arch) and corresponding depositional systems (Houston and Norias deltas, Greta-Carancahua barrier/strandplain system) that were respectively active along the upper, lower, and middle Texas Coast during Frio deposition. Within an area, salinities are usually depth dependent, and primary trends closely correspond to pore pressure gradients and thermal gradients. Where data are available (mainly in Brazoria County) the increases in TDS and calcium with depth coincide with the zone of albitization, smectite-illite transition, and calcite decrease in shales. Waters have fairly uniform salinities when produced from the same sandstone reservoir within a fault block or adjacent fault blocks with minor displacement. In contrast, stratigraphically equivalent sandstones separated by faults with large displacement usually yield waters with substantially different salinities owing to the markedly different thermal and pressure gradients across the faults that act as barriers to fluid movement.

Morton, R.A.; Garrett, C.M. Jr.; Posey, J.S.; Han, J.H.; Jirik, L.A.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Comparison of methods for geologic storage of carbon dioxide in saline formations  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary estimates of CO{sub 2} storage potential in geologic formations provide critical information related to Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) technologies to mitigate CO{sub 2} emissions. Currently multiple methods to estimate CO{sub 2} storage and multiple storage estimates for saline formations have been published, leading to potential uncertainty when comparing estimates from different studies. In this work, carbon dioxide storage estimates are compared by applying several commonly used methods to general saline formation data sets to assess the impact that the choice of method has on the results. Specifically, six CO{sub 2} storage methods were applied to thirteen saline formation data sets which were based on formations across the United States with adaptations to provide the geologic inputs required by each method. Methods applied include those by (1) international efforts – the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (Bachu et al., 2007); (2) United States government agencies – U.S. Department of Energy – National Energy Technology Laboratory (US-DOE-NETL, 2012) and United States Geological Survey (Brennan et al., 2010); and (3) the peer-reviewed scientific community – Szulczewski et al. (2012) and Zhou et al. (2008). A statistical analysis of the estimates generated by multiple methods revealed that assessments of CO{sub 2} storage potential made at the prospective level were often statistically indistinguishable from each other, implying that the differences in methodologies are small with respect to the uncertainties in the geologic properties of storage rock in the absence of detailed site-specific characterization.

Goodman, Angela L. [U.S. DOE; Bromhal, Grant S. [U.S. DOE; Strazisar, Brian [U.S. DOE; Rodosta, Traci D. [U.S. DOE; Guthrie, William J. [U.S. DOE; Allen, Douglas E. [ORISE; Guthrie, George D. [U.S. DOE

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Techno-Economic Models for Carbon Dioxide Compression, Transport, and Storage & Correlations for Estimating Carbon Dioxide Density and Viscosity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aquifers and in gas and oil reservoirs. The properties shownRepresentative Range of Oil Reservoir Properties [8] Tablenatural reservoirs, for example, saline aquifers and oil and

McCollum, David L; Ogden, Joan M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Mathematical models as tools for probing long-term safety of CO2 storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deep saline aquifers, and oil and gas reservoirs, with largesaline aquifers, oil and gas reservoirs, and unmineable coalwith oil, gas, and geothermal reservoirs, in which similar

Pruess, Karsten

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Geohydrology of bedrock aquifers in the Northern Great Plains in parts of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

Development of energy-related resources in the northern Great Plains of the US will require large quantities of ground water. Because Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming are semiarid, the primary local sources of nonappropriated water are the deep bedrock aquifers of Paleozoic and Mesozoic age. The US Geological Survey undertook a 4-year interdisciplinary study that has culminated in a digital-simulation model of the regional flow system and incorporates the results of geochemical, hydrologic, and geologic studies. Rocks of Paleozoic and Mesozoic age form at least five artesian aquifers that are recharged in the mountainous areas of Montana, South Dakota, and Wyoming. The aquifers extend for more than 600 mi to discharge areas in the northeastern part of North Dakota and in Manitoba. In general, the direction of flow in each aquifer is east to northeast, but flow is deflected to the north and south around the Williston basin. Flow through the Williston basin is restricted because of brine (200,000-350,000 mg/l), halite beds, geologic structures, and decreased permeability of rocks in the deeper parts of the basin. Fracture systems and lineaments transverse the entire area and act either as conduits or as barriers to ground-water flow, depending on their hydrogeologic and geochemical history. Vertical leakage from the aquifers is restricted by shale with low permeability, by halite beds, and by stratigraphic traps or low-permeability zones associated with petroleum accumulations. However, interaquifer leakage appears to occur through and along some of the major lineaments and fractures. Interaquifer leakage may be a major consideration in determining the quality of water produced from wells.

Downey, J.S.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zonedrainage in anunconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, PascoBasin, WA  

SciTech Connect

Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr.

mjsingleton@lbl.gov

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

449

Potential Impacts of Desalination Concentrate on Salinity of Irrigation Water: A Case Study in the El Paso Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shown that salinity and ionic composition of riverflow can be described by a simple power function as related to the momentary riverflow rate when water samples were taken for chemical analyses. This method provides more accurate estimates of monthly...

Miyamoto, S.

450

PII S00167037(99)00407-X Chlorine isotopes in fluid inclusions: Determination of the origins of salinity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inclusions are low, indicative of halite dissolution, and are comparable to local high salinity waters. They are particularly useful, as, in the absence of halite, they are conservative in solution. In low temperature

Banks, David

451

Cathodic reduction of hexavalent chromium coupled with electricity generation achieved by reverse-electrodialysis processes using salinity gradients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new approach for the simultaneous generation of electric energy and the treatment of waters contaminated by recalcitrant pollutants using salinity gradients was proposed. Reverse electrodialysis allows for the generation of electric energy from salinity gradients. Indeed, the utilization of different salt concentrations gives a potential difference between the electrodes which allows the generation of electric energy by using suitable electrolytes and an external circuit. The simultaneous generation of electric energy and the treatment of waters contaminated by Cr(VI) was successfully achieved for the first time by reverse electrodialysis processes using salinity gradients and proper redox processes. The effect on the process of many operative parameters, such as the extent of the salinity gradient, the number of membrane pairs in the stack, the initial concentration of Cr(VI), the concentration of the supporting electrolyte and the flow rates of the solutions fed in the stack, was also investigated.

O. Scialdone; A. D’Angelo; E. De Lumè; A. Galia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Prokaryotic aminopeptidase activity along a continuous salinity gradient in a hypersaline coastal lagoon (the Coorong, South Australia)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The distribution and aminopeptidase activity of prokaryotes were investigated along a natural continuous salinity gradient in a hypersaline coastal lagoon, the Coorong ... by flow cytometry, were observed along t...

Thomas Pollet; Mathilde Schapira; Marie-Jeanne Buscot; Sophie C Leterme…

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Chlorophyll a biomass and growth of sea-ice microalgae along a salinity gradient (southeastern Hudson Bay, Canadian Arctic)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The biomass of microalgae at the bottom of first-year sea ice, in southeastern Hudson Bay (Canadian Arctic), parallels an inshore-offshore salinity gradient caused by the under-ice plume of ... ice-algal biomass ...

Louis Legendre; Marie-Josée Martineau; Jean-Claude Therriault…

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Avicennia germinans (black mangrove) vessel architecture is linked to chilling and salinity tolerance in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

architecture may influence mangrove chilling and salinity tolerance. We surveyed populations of A. germinans throughout the Gulf to determine if vessel architecture was linked to field environmental conditions. We measured vessel density, hydraulically weighted...

Madrid, Eric N.; Armitage, Anna R.; Lopez-Portillo, Jorge

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

455

Combining boron isotopes and carbamazepine to trace sewage in salinized groundwater: a case study in Cap Bon, Tunisia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

treatment and so recognized as a pertinent tracer of wastewater contamination. The system equilibrium of Research in Rural Engineering of Water and Forestry), rue Hédi Karray, B.P.10- 2080 Ariana, Tunisia based on a managed aquifer recharge with treated wastewater. Water quality monitoring was implemented

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

456

Evaluation of Low-Salinity Enhanced Oil Recovery Effects in Sandstone: Effects of the Temperature and pH Gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evaluation of Low-Salinity Enhanced Oil Recovery Effects in Sandstone: Effects of the Temperature and pH Gradient ... (1-4) It was very interesting to see that the model compound, quinoline, and an asphaltenic crude oil responded similarly regarding adsorption/desorption from clays at different salinities and pH values. ... (3) Can the slopes of the pH gradients give information about the rate of desorption and adsorption of cations? ...

Hakan Aksulu; Dagny Håmsø; Skule Strand; Tina Puntervold; Tor Austad

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

457

Storing carbon dioxide in saline formations : analyzing extracted water treatment and use for power plant cooling.  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to address the potential to scale up of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) capture and sequestration in the United States saline formations, an assessment model is being developed using a national database and modeling tool. This tool builds upon the existing NatCarb database as well as supplemental geological information to address scale up potential for carbon dioxide storage within these formations. The focus of the assessment model is to specifically address the question, 'Where are opportunities to couple CO{sub 2} storage and extracted water use for existing and expanding power plants, and what are the economic impacts of these systems relative to traditional power systems?' Initial findings indicate that approximately less than 20% of all the existing complete saline formation well data points meet the working criteria for combined CO{sub 2} storage and extracted water treatment systems. The initial results of the analysis indicate that less than 20% of all the existing complete saline formation well data may meet the working depth, salinity and formation intersecting criteria. These results were taken from examining updated NatCarb data. This finding, while just an initial result, suggests that the combined use of saline formations for CO{sub 2} storage and extracted water use may be limited by the selection criteria chosen. A second preliminary finding of the analysis suggests that some of the necessary data required for this analysis is not present in all of the NatCarb records. This type of analysis represents the beginning of the larger, in depth study for all existing coal and natural gas power plants and saline formations in the U.S. for the purpose of potential CO{sub 2} storage and water reuse for supplemental cooling. Additionally, this allows for potential policy insight when understanding the difficult nature of combined potential institutional (regulatory) and physical (engineered geological sequestration and extracted water system) constraints across the United States. Finally, a representative scenario for a 1,800 MW subcritical coal fired power plant (amongst other types including supercritical coal, integrated gasification combined cycle, natural gas turbine and natural gas combined cycle) can look to existing and new carbon capture, transportation, compression and sequestration technologies along with a suite of extracting and treating technologies for water to assess the system's overall physical and economic viability. Thus, this particular plant, with 90% capture, will reduce the net emissions of CO{sub 2} (original less the amount of energy and hence CO{sub 2} emissions required to power the carbon capture water treatment systems) less than 90%, and its water demands will increase by approximately 50%. These systems may increase the plant's LCOE by approximately 50% or more. This representative example suggests that scaling up these CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration technologies to many plants throughout the country could increase the water demands substantially at the regional, and possibly national level. These scenarios for all power plants and saline formations throughout U.S. can incorporate new information as it becomes available for potential new plant build out planning.

Dwyer, Brian P.; Heath, Jason E.; Borns, David James; Dewers, Thomas A.; Kobos, Peter Holmes; Roach, Jesse D.; McNemar, Andrea; Krumhansl, James Lee; Klise, Geoffrey T.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Aquifer thermal energy storage reference manual: seasonal thermal energy storage program  

SciTech Connect

This is the reference manual of the Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage (STES) Program, and is the primary document for the transfer of technical information of the STES Program. It has been issued in preliminary form and will be updated periodically to include more technical data and results of research. As the program progresses and new technical data become available, sections of the manual will be revised to incorporate these data. This primary document contains summaries of: the TRW, incorporated demonstration project at Behtel, Alaska, Dames and Moore demonstration project at Stony Brook, New York, and the University of Minnesota demonstration project at Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota; the technical support programs including legal/institutional assessment; economic assessment; environmental assessment; field test facilities; a compendia of existing information; numerical simulation; and non-aquifer STES concepts. (LCL)

Prater, L.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Seismic reflection imaging of a geothermal aquifer in an urban setting  

SciTech Connect

A seismic reflection survey that was conducted in downtown Boise, Idaho, to help city planners site a new well for injection of spent geothermal water illustrates some methods to safely and successfully employ a seismic reflection survey in an urban setting. The objective of the seismic survey was to estimate the depth and continuity of a basalt and rhyolite volcanic sequence. Well siting was based on geothermal aquifer depth, location of interpreted faults, projected thermal impact of injection on existing wells, surface pipe extension costs, and public land availability. Seismic acquisition tests and careful processing were used to ensure high-quality data while minimizing the potential for damage along city streets. A video camera placed in a sewer and a blast vibration monitor were used to confirm that energy from the seismic source (a 75-in{sup 3} land air gun) did not damage nearby buildings, street surfaces, or buried utilities along the survey lines. Walkaway seismic tests were also used to compare signal quality of the air-gun source to an explosive source for imaging targets up to 800 m depth. These tests show less signal bandwidth from the air-gun source compared to the buried explosive source, but the air-gun signal quality was adequate to meet imaging objectives. Seismic reflection results show that the top of this rhyolite/basalt sequence dips ({approximately}8--1{degree}) southwest away from the Boise foothills at depths of 200 to 800 m. Seismic methods enabled interpretation of aquifer depths along the profiles and located fault zones where injected water may encounter fracture permeability and optimally benefit the existing producing system. The acquisition and processing techniques used to locate the Boise injection well may succeed for other hydrogeologic and environmental studies in urban settings.

Liberty, L. [Boise State Univ., ID (United States). Center for Geophysical Investigation of the Shallow Subsurface] [Boise State Univ., ID (United States). Center for Geophysical Investigation of the Shallow Subsurface

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Spatial and temporal controls on biogeochemical indicators at the small-scale interface between a contaminated aquifer and wetland surface water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from three locations exhibiting upward, downward, and negligent hydrologic flow between aquifer and wetland. PCA was used to identify the principal biogeochemical processes and to obtain factor scores for evaluating significant seasonal and hydrological...

Baez-Cazull, Susan Enid

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arbuckle saline aquifer" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Hydraulic interactions between fractures and bedding planes in a carbonate aquifer studied by means of experimentally induced water-table fluctuations (Coaraze  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Hydraulic interactions between fractures and bedding planes in a carbonate aquifer studied. Keywords: Karst, hydrogeochemistry, fractured rocks, hydraulic properties, France insu-00376151,version1 high and low permeability regions are controlled by the hydraulic head gradient. Past studies have

Boyer, Edmond

462

Degradation of trichloroethylene by Pseudomonas cepacia G4 and the constitutive mutant strain G4 5223 PR1 in aquifer microcosms.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...carcinogenic properties (9). Remediation of ground- water aquifers containing TCE...H. 1990. Inefficient remediation of ground-water pollution. Science 250...situ biorestoration as a ground water remediation technique. Ground Water...

M L Krumme; K N Timmis; D F Dwyer

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Laboratory corrosion studies in low- and high-salinity geobrines of the Imperial Valley, California  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion research is being conducted by the Federal Bureau of Mines to determine suitable construction materials for geothermal resource recovery plants. As part of this research, the corrosion resistance of 31 iron-, nickel-, aluminum-, copper-, titanium-, and molybdenum-base alloys was characterized and evaluated in laboratory corrosion studies in low- and high-salinity geobrines representative of those found in the Imperial Valley, California. General, crevice, pitting, weld, and stress corrosion were measured at 105/sup 0/ and 232/sup 0/C in deaerated brines and brines containing dissolved O/sub 2/, CO/sub 2/, and CH/sub 4/.

Cramer, S.D.; Carter, J.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

The influence of irrigation water salinity on optimal nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium liquid fertilizer rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of nitrogen fertilizer to compensate for leaching losses (Miyamoto, 1984). The effect of salt stress on mineral status of plants has been studied extensively for many agronomic and horticultural crops (Al-Saidi and Alawi, 1984; Al-Saidi et al. , 1985... cultivars (Al-Saidi and Alawi, 1984; Al- Saidi et al. , 1985). Ten flowering annuals were grown in saline water with electrical conductivities of 0. 8, 1. 5, 3. 0, or 4. 5 dS m from a 2:1 equivalent weight basis of CaCI2 and NaCI in tap water (Devitt...

Campos Nu?n?ez, Ricardo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

465

Neutron reflectometry studies of aluminum–saline water interface under hydrostatic pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The structural stability of Al layers in contact with 3.5 wt.% NaCl water solution was investigated at a temperature of 25 °C and hydrostatic pressures from 1 to 600 atm using neutron reflectometry. A pressure–temperature (P–T) Neutron Reflectometry (NR) cell developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was used to understand the behavior of thin (?900 Å) aluminum layers in contact with saline liquid. Experimental results suggest that in the preliminary stages of corrosion the influence of pressure accelerates the mechanism of interactions of the oxide film with Cl? and H2O with lower speed compared to results found in the literature.

A. Junghans; R. Chellappa; P. Wang; J. Majewski; G. Luciano; R. Marcelli; E. Proietti

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Interactions and Implications of a Collector Well with a River in an Unconfined Aquifer with Regional Background Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Steward, 1999; Zhan, 1999; Zhan and Cao, 2000]. These wells are often placed near or under rivers, where they collect water from both the surface and aquifer that is naturally filtered through low permeability riverbank sediments. Seines et al. [1994... various conditions [Schafer, 1996; Zhan, 1999; Steward, 1999; Zhan and Cao, 2000; Stewart and Jin, 2001]. Radial collector wells are complex fluid collection systems that induce intricate flow dynamics as a result of their pumping because...

Dugat, William D., IV

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

467

Nanocomposite reverse electrodialysis (RED) ion-exchange membranes for salinity gradient power generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Despite the important role of ion-exchange membranes (IEMs) in reverse electrodialysis (RED) systems, the current absence of proper ion-exchange membranes delays the sustainable development of the RED process for salinity gradient power generation. This research presents the preparation of a new type of organic–inorganic nanocomposite cation exchange membrane and its performance characteristics. The combination of functionalized iron (III) oxide ( Fe 2 O 3 - SO 4 2 ? ) as an inorganic filler with the sulfonated poly (2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (sPPO) polymer matrix proved to have great potential for power generation by RED. The results showed that an optimal amount of Fe 2 O 3 - SO 4 2 ? (0.5–0.7 wt%) enhanced the key electrochemical properties of the ion-exchange membranes including a permselectivity up to 87.65% and an area resistance of 0.87 ? cm2. The nanocomposite membrane containing 0.7 wt% ( Fe 2 O 3 - SO 4 2 ? ) achieved a maximum power density (amount of power per unit membrane area) of 1.3 W m?2, which is relatively higher than that of the commercially available CSO (SelemionTM, Japan) membranes. The goal of the present work is to maximize the salinity gradient power generation by developing RED-specific nanocomposite IEMs. The results show the potential of the new design of the nanocomposite \\{IEMs\\} for viable energy generation by RED.

Jin Gi Hong; Yongsheng Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) project report on the second long-term cycle  

SciTech Connect

The technical feasibility of high-temperature [>100{degrees}C (>212{degrees}F)] aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) in a deep, confined aquifer was tested in a series of experimental cycles at the University of Minnesota`s St. Paul field test facility (FTF). This report describes the second long-term cycle (LT2), which was conducted from October 1986 through April 1987. Heat recovery; operational experience; and thermal, chemical, hydrologic, and geologic effects are reported. Approximately 61% of the 9.21 GWh of energy added to the 9.38 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3} of ground water stored during LT2 was recovered. Temperatures of the water stored and recovered averaged 118{degrees}C (244{degrees}F) and 85{degrees}C (185{degrees}F), respectively. Results agreed with previous cycles conducted at the FTF. System operation during LT2 was nearly as planned. Operational experience from previous cycles at the FTF was extremely helpful. Ion-exchange softening of the heated and stored aquifer water prevented scaling in the system heat exchangers and the storage well, and changed the major-ion chemistry of the stored water. Sodium bicarbonate replaced magnesium and calcium bicarbonate as primary ions in the softened water. Water recovered form storage was approximately at equilibrium with respect to dissolved ions. Silica, calcium, and magnesium were significantly higher in recovered water than in injected water. Sodium was significantly lower in water recovered than in water stored.

Hoyer, M.C.; Hallgren, J.P.; Lauer, J.L.; Walton, M.; Eisenreich, S.J.; Howe, J.T.; Splettstoesser, J.F. [Minnesota Geological Survey, St. Paul, MN (United States)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) project report on the second long-term cycle  

SciTech Connect

The technical feasibility of high-temperature (>100{degrees}C (>212{degrees}F)) aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) in a deep, confined aquifer was tested in a series of experimental cycles at the University of Minnesota's St. Paul field test facility (FTF). This report describes the second long-term cycle (LT2), which was conducted from October 1986 through April 1987. Heat recovery; operational experience; and thermal, chemical, hydrologic, and geologic effects are reported. Approximately 61% of the 9.21 GWh of energy added to the 9.38 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3} of ground water stored during LT2 was recovered. Temperatures of the water stored and recovered averaged 118{degrees}C (244{degrees}F) and 85{degrees}C (185{degrees}F), respectively. Results agreed with previous cycles conducted at the FTF. System operation during LT2 was nearly as planned. Operational experience from previous cycles at the FTF was extremely helpful. Ion-exchange softening of the heated and stored aquifer water prevented scaling in the system heat exchangers and the storage well, and changed the major-ion chemistry of the stored water. Sodium bicarbonate replaced magnesium and calcium bicarbonate as primary ions in the softened water. Water recovered form storage was approximately at equilibrium with respect to dissolved ions. Silica, calcium, and magnesium were significantly higher in recovered water than in injected water. Sodium was significantly lower in water recovered than in water stored.

Hoyer, M.C.; Hallgren, J.P.; Lauer, J.L.; Walton, M.; Eisenreich, S.J.; Howe, J.T.; Splettstoesser, J.F. (Minnesota Geological Survey, St. Paul, MN (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

The delineation of DNAPL in a heterogeneous unconsolidated aquifer using a hydro punch sampler and hydrophobic dye testing procedures  

SciTech Connect

The site is a pharmaceutical facility located in Newark, New Jersey. The facility which has been in operation for approximately 90 years, previously contained a 15,000 gallon underground tank used to store TCE. Upon the tanks removal in the early 1980`s the tank integrity was found to have been compromised. In compliance with the NJDEP Industrial Site Recovery Act, the responsible party was required to locate DNAPL in the aquifer. Due to TCE`s relative density, vertical migration to depths greater than 80 feet has occurred. Lateral migration over distances greater than 500 feet has been documented. Currently, the investigation has focused on the neighboring cemetery, where approximately 20 deep soil borings have been advanced at selected locations downslope of the TCE source area. The soil borings were drilled by mud rotary methods to a depth that was determined in the field to be proximal to the bottom of the heterogeneous unconsolidated aquifer. Continuous split spoon soil sampling for detailed geologic interpretation and field screening utilizing an organic vapor instrument was performed. The Hydro Punch (HP II) sampler was used in the aqueous sampling model to collect a discrete ground water sample from the interface between the aquifer and the till.

Cirilli, J. [Langan Engineering and Environmental Services, Elmwood Park, NJ (United States); DeRose, N. [Langan Engineering and Environmental Services, Doylestown, PA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Death Valley Lower Carbonate Aquifer Monitoring Program Wells Down gradient of the Proposed Yucca Mountain Nuclear Waste Repository  

SciTech Connect

Inyo County has participated in oversight activities associated with the Yucca Mountain Nuclear Waste Repository since 1987. The overall goal of these studies are the evaluation of far-field issues related to potential transport, by ground water, or radionuclides into Inyo County, including Death Valley, and the evaluation of a connection between the Lower Carbonate Aquifer (LCA) and the biosphere. Our oversight and completed Cooperative Agreement research, and a number of other investigators research indicate that there is groundwater flow between the alluvial and carbonate aquifers both at Yucca Mountain and in Inyo County. In addition to the potential of radionuclide transport through the LCA, Czarnecki (1997), with the US Geological Survey, research indicate potential radionuclide transport through the shallower Tertiary-age aquifer materials with ultimate discharge into the Franklin Lake Playa in Inyo County. The specific purpose of this Cooperative Agreement drilling program was to acquire geological, subsurface geology, and hydrologic data to: (1) establish the existence of inter-basin flow between the Amargosa Basin and Death Valley Basin; (2) characterize groundwater flow paths in the LCA through Southern Funeral Mountain Range, and (3) Evaluation the hydraulic connection between the Yucca Mountain repository and the major springs in Death Valley through the LCA.

Inyo County

2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

472

Bottom-up and top-down effects on insects herbivores along a natural salinity gradient in a florida salt marsh.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I compared the strength of bottom- up and top-down effects on insect herbivores along a natural salinity gradient in salt marsh communities in West -… (more)

Albarracin, Maria Teresa

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Application of a Kinetic Model of Bioaccumulation Across a pH and Salinity Gradient for the Prediction of Cadmium Uptake by the Sediment Dwelling Chironomidae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cadmium concentrations were determined in Chironomidae sampled along two distinct environmental gradients:? (1) an acidity gradient (from pH 5.0?6.5) and (2) a salinity gradient (from 0 to 9.6 ppt). ... Figure 2 Location of the study lakes used for the saline gradient. ... Of note, the shape of the curve for the relative importance of food versus water which is driven mostly by the change in cadmium Iw as a function of salinity (16) suggests that at salinities greater than 1 ppt the majority of metal uptake by the chironomid will be from food rather than from dissolved sources. ...

Leah I. Bendell-Young

1999-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

474

Monitoring of saline tracer movement with vertically distributed self-potential measurements at the HOBE agricultural test site, Voulund, Denmark  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The self-potential (SP) method is sensitive to water fluxes in saturated and partially saturated porous media, such as those associated with rainwater infiltration and groundwater recharge. We present a field-based study at the Voulund agricultural test site, Denmark, that is, to the best of our knowledge, the first to focus on the vertical self-potential distribution prior to and during a saline tracer test. A coupled hydrogeophysical modeling framework is used to simulate the SP response to precipitation and saline tracer infiltration. A layered hydrological model is first obtained by inverting dielectric and matric potential data. The resulting model that compares favorably with electrical resistance tomography models is subsequently used to predict the SP response. The electrokinetic contribution (caused by water fluxes in a charged porous soil) is modeled by an effective excess charge approach that considers both water saturation and pore water salinity. Our results suggest that the effective excess char...

Jougnot, Damien; Haarder, Eline B; Looms, Majken C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Uncertainty analyses of CO2 plume expansion subsequent to wellbore CO2 leakage into aquifers  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we apply an uncertainty quantification (UQ) framework to CO2 sequestration problems. In one scenario, we look at the risk of wellbore leakage of CO2 into a shallow unconfined aquifer in an urban area; in another scenario, we study the effects of reservoir heterogeneity on CO2 migration. We combine various sampling approaches (quasi-Monte Carlo, probabilistic collocation, and adaptive sampling) in order to reduce the number of forward calculations while trying to fully explore the input parameter space and quantify the input uncertainty. The CO2 migration is simulated using the PNNL-developed simulator STOMP-CO2e (the water-salt-CO2 module). For computationally demanding simulations with 3D heterogeneity fields, we combined the framework with a scalable version module, eSTOMP, as the forward modeling simulator. We built response curves and response surfaces of model outputs with respect to input parameters, to look at the individual and combined effects, and identify and rank the significance of the input parameters.

Hou, Zhangshuan; Bacon, Diana H.; Engel, David W.; Lin, Guang; Fang, Yilin; Ren, Huiying; Fang, Zhufeng

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Utility of Bromide and Heat Tracers for Aquifer Characterization Affected by Highly Transient Flow Conditions  

SciTech Connect

A tracer test using both bromide and heat tracers conducted at the Integrated Field Research Challenge site in Hanford 300 Area (300A), Washington, provided an instrument for evaluating the utility of bromide and heat tracers for aquifer characterization. The bromide tracer data were critical to improving the calibration of the flow model complicated by the highly dynamic nature of the flow field. However, most bromide concentrations were obtained from fully screened observation wells, lacking depth-specific resolution for vertical characterization. On the other hand, depth-specific temperature data were relatively simple and inexpensive to acquire. However, temperature-driven fluid density effects influenced heat plume movement. Moreover, the temperature data contained “noise” caused by heating during fluid injection and sampling events. Using the hydraulic conductivity distribution obtained from the calibration of the bromide transport model, the temperature depth profiles and arrival times of temperature peaks simulated by the heat transport model were in reasonable agreement with observations. This suggested that heat can be used as a cost-effective proxy for solute tracers for calibration of the hydraulic conductivity distribution, especially in the vertical direction. However, a heat tracer test must be carefully designed and executed to minimize fluid density effects and sources of noise in temperature data. A sensitivity analysis also revealed that heat transport was most sensitive to hydraulic conductivity and porosity, less sensitive to thermal distribution factor, and least sensitive to thermal dispersion and heat conduction. This indicated that the hydraulic conductivity remains the primary calibration parameter for heat transport.

Ma, Rui; Zheng, Chunmiao; Zachara, John M.; Tonkin, Matthew J.

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

477

Optimizing energy storage and reproduction for Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage. A scientific approach in enhancing ATES system performance at Achmea Apeldoorn through application of smart extraction and infiltration strategies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the subsurface beneath the campus of Apeldoorn Achmea, the groundwater flow velocity is high. This causes a problem for its Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage… (more)

Groot, J.H.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

TOUGHREACT: A Simulation Program for Non-isothermal Multiphase...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

reservoirs and hydrothermal systems, nuclear waste isolation, groundwater quality, sequestration of carbon dioxide in saline aquifers, and supergene copper enrichment....

479

Effect of groundwater pH and ionic strength on strontium sorption in aquifer sediments: Implications for 90  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emitting radionuclide produced during nuclear fission, and is a problem contaminant at many nuclear mineralogy. Here, batch sorption experiments were used to examine the sorption behaviour of 90 Sr in sediment-water.g. by saline intrusion related to sea level rise or by design during site remediation) then substantial

Burke, Ian

480

Engineering and Economic Assessment of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Saline Formations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Economic Assessment of and Economic Assessment of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Saline Formations Lawrence A. Smith (smithla@battelle.org; 614-424-3169) Neeraj Gupta (gupta@battelle.org; 614-424-3820)* Bruce M. Sass and Thomas A. Bubenik Battelle Memorial Institute, 505 King Avenue, Columbus, OH 43201 *Corresponding Author Charles Byrer (a) and Perry Bergman (b) National Energy Technology Laboratory (a) P.O. Box 880, Morgantown, WV, 26507-0880 (b) P.O. Box 10940, Pittsburgh, PA, 15236-0940 ABSTRACT Concern over the potential effects of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) on global climate has triggered research about ways to mitigate the release of these gases to the atmosphere. A project to study the engineering feasibility and costs of sequestering CO

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481

Sediments in marsh ponds of the Gulf Coast Chenier Plain: effects of structural marsh management and salinity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sediments in marsh ponds of the Gulf Coast Chenier Plain: effects of structural marsh management: impoundments, marsh sediments, ponds, salinity Abstract Physical characteristics of sediments in coastal marsh compositions of waterbird communities. Sediments in marsh ponds of the Gulf Coast Chenier Plain potentially

Afton, Alan D.

482

Inverse relationship between salinity and n-alkane dD values in the mangrove Avicennia marina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ratios in lipids derived from mangroves have the potential to be used for paleohydrologic reconstructions incorporated in leaf waxes, and/or (iii) increased secretion of salty brine by leaves at high salinity ratios of mangrove lipid biomarkers can be developed as a paleosalinity indicator. They also imply

Sachs, Julian P.

483

Changes in the resistance to water movement through the soil/plant pathway in salinized sunflower (Helianthus giganteus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of transpiration values, resistance to water flow across the roots, and between roots and leaves could be calculated. By 5 and 6 days of salinization, there were increases in the resistance to water flow across roots at the 75 mM and higher salt levels...

Balint, Donna Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

484

9 - Climate Change and Sea Level Rise in the Mekong Delta: Flood, Tidal Inundation, Salinity Intrusion, and Irrigation Adaptation Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Mekong Delta of Vietnam extends over an extensive, low-lying flat area, with an average elevation of only about 1 m above mean sea level. It is considered the country’s main rice bowl, as it contributes 48% of national food production and more than 85% of annual rice exports. However, the Mekong Delta currently faces a number of challenges, as it is affected by annual floods, drought, and salinity intrusion. In the context of climate change and sea water level rise, these natural problems may become more severe, with inundation and salinity intrusion eventually becoming the norm under severe scenarios of sea level rise. In the future, salinity intrusion is expected to gradually start earlier in the dry season, posing a threat to the sustainable agricultural development of the Mekong Delta and food security in Vietnam. Through an in-depth analysis of different scenarios of sea level rise, this chapter proposes several measures for flood, tidal inundation, and salinity intrusion protection, while considering the sustainable development of the Mekong Delta in the context of climate change.

To Quang Toan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Environmental sensor networks and continuous data quality assurance to manage salinity within a highly regulated river basin  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a new approach to environmental decision support for salinity management in the San Joaquin Basin of California that focuses on web-based data sharing using YSI Econet technology and continuous data quality management using a novel software tool, Aquarius.

Quinn, N.W.T.; Ortega, R.; Holm, L.

2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

486

Geochemical, mineralogical and microbiological characteristics of sediment from a naturally reduced zone in a uranium-contaminated aquifer  

SciTech Connect

Localized zones or lenses of naturally reduced sediments have the potential to play a significant role in the fate and transport of redox-sensitive metals and metalloids in aquifers. To assess the mineralogy, microbiology, and redox processes that occur in these zones, we examined several cores from a region of naturally occurring reducing conditions in a uranium-contaminated aquifer (Rifle, CO). Sediment samples from a transect of cores ranging from oxic/suboxic Rifle aquifer sediment to naturally reduced sediment were analyzed for uranium and iron content, oxidation state, and mineralogy, reduced sulfur phases, and solid phase organic carbon content using a suite of analytical and spectroscopic techniques on bulk sediment and size fractions. Solid-phase uranium concentrations were higher in the naturally reduced zone, with a high proportion of the uranium present as reduced U(IV). The sediments were also elevated in reduced sulfur phases and Fe(II), indicating it is very likely that U(VI), Fe(III), and sulfate reduction occurred or is occurring in the sediment. The microbial community was assessed using lipid- and DNA-based techniques, and statistical redundancy analysis was performed to determine correlations between the microbial community and the geochemistry. Increased concentration of solid phase organic carbon and biomass in the naturally reduced sediment suggests that natural bioreduction is stimulated by a zone of increased organic carbon concentration associated with fine-grained material and lower permeability to groundwater flow. Characterization of the naturally bioreduced sediment provides an understanding of the natural processes that occur in the sediment under reducing conditions and how they may impact natural attenuation of radionuclides and other redox sensitive materials. Results also suggest the importance of recalcitrant organic carbon for maintaining reducing conditions and uranium immobilization.

Campbell, Kate M.; Kukkadapu, Ravi K.; Qafoku, Nikolla; Peacock, Aaron D.; Lesher, E.; Williams, Kenneth H.; Bargar, John R.; Wilkins, Michael J.; Figueroa, Linda A.; Ranville, James; Davis, James; Long, Philip E.

2012-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

487

Applications of geographic information systems (GIS) in decision analysis for monitoring aquifer systems during oilfield development projects  

SciTech Connect

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) coupled with numerical ground water models provide a powerful Decision Support System (DSS) and visualization tool for monitoring aquifer systems during oilfield development projects. A GIS is a coupled software/hardware system that stores, processes, and displays a variety of data structures (raster, vector, TIN, CAD) that have been geographically referenced to some common map projection and coordinate system. Georeferencing allows the analyst to integrate diverse types of data layers into thematic maps for analysis of spatial trends and analyses. The integration of quasi 3-D numerical ground water models with GIS provides project managers with a Decision Support System (DSS) to assess potential impacts to aquifer systems during oilfield development projects. The rapid advancement in desktop PC computing power and data storage has allowed software developers to produce 32-bit GIS and data integration software applications. A variety of image processing, GIS, and numerical ground water modeling software will be used to demonstrate techniques for monitoring and visualizing the migration of an oilfield brine plume leaking during an oilfield development project. Emphasis will be placed on the integration of data structures and on database design to create a DSS within a desktop GIS to serve Project Managers during oilfield development.

Blundell, S.; Baldwin, D.O.; Anderson, N.J. [Integrated Geoscience, Inc., Helena, MT (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Laboratory measurements of large-scale carbon sequestration flows in saline reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

Brine saturated with CO{sub 2} is slightly denser than the original brine causing it to sink to the bottom of a saline reservoir where the CO{sub 2} is safely sequestered. However, the buoyancy of pure CO{sub 2} relative to brine drives it to the top of the reservoir where it collects underneath the cap rock as a separate phase of supercritical fluid. Without additional processes to mix the brine and CO{sub 2}, diffusion in this geometry is slow and would require an unacceptably long time to consume the pure CO{sub 2}. However, gravity and diffusion-driven convective instabilities have been hypothesized that generate enhanced CO{sub 2}-brine mixing promoting dissolution of CO{sub 2} into the brine on time scale of a hundred years. These flows involve a class of hydrodynamic problems that are notoriously difficult to simulate; the simultaneous flow of mUltiple fluids (CO{sub 2} and brine) in porous media (rock or sediment). The hope for direct experimental confirmation of simulations is dim due to the difficulty of obtaining high resolution data from the subsurface and the high pressures ({approx}100 bar), long length scales ({approx}100 meters), and long time scales ({approx}100 years) that are characteristic of these flows. We have performed imaging and mass transfer measurements in similitude-scaled laboratory experiments that provide benchmarks to test reservoir simulation codes and enhance their predictive power.

Backhaus, Scott N [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Membrane resistance: The effect of salinity gradients over a cation exchange membrane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ion exchange membranes (IEMs) are used for selective transport of ions between two solutions. These solutions are often different in concentration or composition. The membrane resistance (RM) is an important parameter affecting power consumption or power production in electrodialytic processes. In contrast to real applications, often RM is determined while using a standard 0.5 M NaCl external solution. It is known that RM increases with decreasing concentration. However, the detailed effect of a salinity gradient present over an IEM on RM was not known, and is studied here using alternating and direct current. NaCl solution concentrations varied from 0.01 to 1.1 M. The results show that RM is mainly determined by the lowest external concentration. RM can be considered as two resistors in series i.e. a gel phase (concentration independent) and an ionic solution phase (concentration dependent). The membrane conductivity is limited by the conductivity of the ionic solution when the external concentration, cext<0.3 M. The membrane conductivity is limited by the conductivity of the gel phase when cext?0.3 M, then differences of RM are small. A good approximation of experimentally determined RM can be obtained. The internal ion concentration profile is a key factor in modeling RM.

A.H. Galama; D.A. Vermaas; J. Veerman; M. Saakes; H.H.M. Rijnaarts; J.W. Post; K. Nijmeijer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Electrochemical characterization of a supercapacitor flow cell for power production from salinity gradients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Salinity gradients could be a great source of energy in the future. Capacitive energy extraction based on Donnan Potential (CDP) is a new technique to directly convert this energy into electricity. CDP uses a supercapacitor-like device combining ion exchange membranes and capacitive materials to adsorb and desorb ions with the Donnan Potential of the membranes as only driving force. The resulting current can be extracted through an external load. In this study, traditional electrochemical techniques: galvanostatic charge–discharge and cyclic voltammetry were used to investigate intrinsic properties of this open system. This study demonstrates the feasibility to characterize the capacitive behavior of the cell in low concentration (0.5 M). Presence of membranes, as well as the possibility of having the electrolyte flowing through the cell was investigated. In the studied cell, the presence of membranes showed a limitation by the anion exchange membrane at low current densities but no effect at high current densities. The flow rate did not influence the capacitance of the system either.

Bruno B. Sales; Fei Liu; Olivier Schaetzle; Cees J.N. Buisman; Hubertus V.M. Hamelers

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Volumetrics of CO{sub 2} Storage in Deep Saline Formations  

SciTech Connect

Concern about the role of greenhouse gases in global climate change has generated interest in sequestering CO{sub 2} from fossil-fuel combustion in deep saline formations. Pore space in these formations is initially filled with brine, and space to accommodate injected CO{sub 2} must be generated by displacing brine, and to a lesser extent by compression of brine and rock. The formation volume required to store a given mass of CO{sub 2} depends on the storage mechanism. We compare the equilibrium volumetric requirements of three end-member processes: CO{sub 2} stored as a supercritical fluid (structural or stratigraphic trapping); CO{sub 2} dissolved in pre-existing brine (solubility trapping); and CO{sub 2} solubility enhanced by dissolution of calcite. For typical storage conditions, storing CO{sub 2} by solubility trapping reduces the volume required to store the same amount of CO{sub 2} by structural or stratigraphic trapping by about 50%. Accessibility of CO{sub 2} to brine determines which storage mechanism (structural/stratigraphic versus solubility) dominates at a given time, which is a critical factor in evaluating CO{sub 2} volumetric requirements and long-term storage security.

Steele-MacInnis, Matthew; Capobianco, Ryan M.; Dilmore, Robert; Goodman, Angela; Guthrie, George; Rimstidt, J. Donald; Bodnar, Robert J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Effects of Salinity Changes and the Formation of Dissolved Organic Matter Coatings on the Sorption of Phenanthrene:? Implications for Pollutant Trapping in Estuaries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large horizontal concentration gradients led Bates et al. (2) to conclude that vertical transport dominated PAH distribution. ... The turbidity maximum is a location of high salinity gradient where alluvial particles are hypothesized to coagulate and settle; hence, it is likely to be a prime location for pollutant trapping within an estuary. ... For the sorption paradigm to explain pollutant trapping, large increases in pollutant binding in response to elevated salinities are needed; however, the aggregated experimental evidence obtained for extracellular polymer, alginic acid, and tannic acid sorption to kaolinite and bentonite indicate that increases in salinity do not cause a sufficient increase in DOM sorption. ...

Brett K. Brunk; Gerhard H. Jirka; Leonard W. Lion

1996-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

493

Isotopes in the Hueco Bolson aquifer, Texas (USA) and Chihuahua (Mexico): local and general implications for recharge sources in alluvial basins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stable isotope data for the Hueco Bolson aquifer (Texas, USA and Chihuahua, Mexico) distinguish four water types. Two...18O, ?D, ‰) from (?11.9, ?90) to (?10.1, ?82), contrasts with present-day river water (?8.5,...

Christopher J. Eastoe; Barry J. Hibbs; Alfredo Granados Olivas…

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Assessing the cumulative impacts of surface mining and coal bed methane development on shallow aquifers in the Powder River Basin, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

Large scale surface coal mining taken place along the cropline of the Wyodak-Anderson coal seam since approximately 1977. Groundwater impacts due to surface mining of coal and other energy-related development is a primary regulatory concern and an identified Office of Surface Mining deficiency in the Wyoming coal program. The modeled aquifers are the upper unit (coal) of the Paleocene Fort Union Formation and the overlying Eocene Wasatch Formation. A regional groundwater model covering 790 square miles was constructed using MODFLOW, to simulate the impacts from three surface coal mines and coal bed methane development occurring downdip. Assessing anisotropy of the coal aquifer, quality checking of in situ aquifer tests and database quality control were precursors to modelling. Geologic data was kriged to develop the structural model of the aquifers. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was utilized to facilitate storage, analysis, display, development of input modelling arrays and assessment of hydrologic boundaries. Model output presents the predicted impacts of likely development scenarios, including impacts from coal bed methane development and surface coal mining through anticipated life of mining, and surface mining impacts independent of gas development.

Peacock, K. [Dept. of Interior, Casper, WY (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

495

Horizontal internal-tide fluxes support elevated phytoplankton productivity over the inner continental shelf  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

along a nitrate and salinity gradient in a coastal aquifer.Processing [16] Vertical salinity gradients were weak duringgradients could exceed 0.5 8C m 21 , causing significant salinity

Lucas, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Species richness and selenium accumulation of plants in soils with elevated concentration of selenium and salinity  

SciTech Connect

Field studies were conducted in soils with elevated concentrations of Se and salinity at Kesterson, California. Biomass distribution, species richness, and selenium accumulation of plants were examined for two sites where 15 cm of surface soil was removed and replaced with fill dirt in the fall of 1989, and two sites were native soil cover. The Se concentrations in the top 15 cm of fill dirt ranged from undetectable to 36 ng g-1. For the native soil sites, Se levels ranged from 75 to 550 ng g-1. Soil Se concentrations below 15 cm ranged from 300 to 700 ng g-1 and were comparable between the fill dirt and the native soil sites. At least 20 different plant species were brought into the two fill dirt sites with the top soil. Avena fatua L., Bassia hyssopifolia Kuntze Rev. Gen. Pl., Centaurea solstitialis L., Erysimum officianale L., Franseria acanthicarpa Cav. Icon., and Melilotus indica (L.) All. contributed over 60% of the total biomass. Only 5 species were found in the native soil sites, and salt grass (Distichlis spicata L.) was the predominant species and accounted for over 80% of the total biomass. Between 1989 and 1990, two years after the surface soil replacement, the two fill dirt sites had a 70% reduction in species richness. Plant tissue selenium concentrations were found to be quite variable between plant species and between sites of sampling. At the fill dirt sites, the plant species with deep root systems accumulated greater amounts of selenium than the shallow-rooted species. The soil selenium concentration of the field soil had no negative effect on pollen fertility, seed set, and seed germination for the plant species examined. However, seedling growth was impaired by the soil selenium concentrations. This suggests that a selection pressure of soil Se concentration may have been imposed on plant species such as M. indica in an early stage of its life cycle.

Huang, Z.Z.; Wu, L. (Department of Environmental Horticulture, University of California, Davis (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Use of a reciprocal transplant study to measure the rate of plant community change in a tidal marsh along a salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a tidal marsh on the Savannah River (Georgia, USA), rate of plant community change along a salinity gradient was measured using a reciprocal transplant study. ... the direction and level of displacement along ...

Paul R. Wetzel; Wiley M. Kitchens; Janell M. Brush; Marsha L. Dusek

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

The effect of temperature gradient on the transport phenomenon in roots of maize plants grown under salinity conditions. conductivity and filtration properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analysis of flows through primary root and first node root tissues of plants grown under conditions of salinity and nutrient deficiency induced by temperature gradients was carried out using. a mathematical mo...

J. Michalov

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Abundance and diversity of tidal marsh plants along the salinity gradient of the San Francisco Estuary: implications for global change ecology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From 2003 through 2005, tidal marsh plant species diversity and abundance on historically surveyed vegetation transects along the salinity gradient of the San Francisco Estuary were investigated ... This study su...

Elizabeth Burke Watson; Roger Byrne

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Size-dependent, spatial and temporal genetic variation at a leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) locus among blue mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) populations along a salinity gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Biochemical genetic variation at a leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) locus is related to salinity variation in several marine bivalve molluscs. This...Mytilus edulis mussels) carried out in 1997 among three M. gall...

J. P. A. Gardner; N. L. Palmer

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z