G. Morlino; P. Blasi; M. Vietri
2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
A mathematical approach to investigate particle acceleration at shock waves moving at arbitrary speed in a medium with arbitrary scattering properties was first discussed in (Vietri 2003) and (Blasi & Vietri 2005}. We use this method and somewhat extend it in order to include the effect of a large scale magnetic field in the upstream plasma, with arbitrary orientation with respect to the direction of motion of the shock. We also use this approach to investigate the effects of anisotropic scattering on spectra and anisotropies of the distribution function of the accelerated particles.
Data mining techniques for large-scale gene expression analysis
Palmer, Nathan Patrick
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Modern computational biology is awash in large-scale data mining problems. Several high-throughput technologies have been developed that enable us, with relative ease and little expense, to evaluate the coordinated expression ...
Automatic Construction of Large-Scale Regular Expression Matching Engines on FPGA
Prasanna, Viktor K.
Automatic Construction of Large-Scale Regular Expression Matching Engines on FPGA Yi-Hua E. Yang@usc.edu, prasanna@usc.edu Abstract--We present algorithms for implementing large-scale regular expression matching (REM) on FPGA. Based on the proposed algorithms, we develop tools that first transform regular
Multiple phase estimation for arbitrary pure states under white noise
Yao Yao; Li Ge; Xing Xiao; Xiaoguang Wang; C. P. Sun
2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
In any realistic quantum metrology scenarios, the ultimate precision in the estimation of parameters is limited not only by the so-called Heisenberg scaling, but also the environmental noise encountered by the underlying system. In the context of quantum estimation theory, it is of great significance to carefully evaluate the impact of a specific type of noise on the corresponding quantum Fisher information (QFI) or quantum Fisher information matrix (QFIM). Here we investigate the multiple phase estimation problem for a natural parametrization of arbitrary pure states under white noise. We obtain the explicit expression of the symmetric logarithmic derivative (SLD) and hence the analytical formula of QFIM. Moreover, the attainability of the quantum Cram\\'{e}r-Rao bound (QCRB) is confirmed by the commutability of SLDs and the optimal estimators are elucidated for the experimental purpose. These findings generalize previously known partial results and highlight the role of white noise in quantum metrology.
Entanglement Cost for Sequences of Arbitrary Quantum States
Garry Bowen; Nilanjana Datta
2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z
The entanglement cost of arbitrary sequences of bipartite states is shown to be expressible as the minimization of a conditional spectral entropy rate over sequences of separable extensions of the states in the sequence. The expression is shown to reduce to the regularized entanglement of formation when the n-th state in the sequence consists of n copies of a single bipartite state.
Brief Announcement: Distributed Churn Measurement in Arbitrary Networks
Gramoli, Vincent
Brief Announcement: Distributed Churn Measurement in Arbitrary Networks Vincent Gramoli EPFL & Univ; General Terms: Algorithms Keywords: Churn, Dynamics, Gossip, Large-Scale 1. INTRODUCTION & MODEL We adress the problem of estimating in a fully distributed way the dynamism over a network, called the churn. This BA
Gent, Universiteit
Integrating Large-Scale Text Mining and Co-Expression Networks: Targeting NADP(H) Metabolism in E, Belgium yves.vandepeer,sofie.vanlandeghem@psb.vib-ugent.be Abstract We present an application of EVEX-based co-expression data. When analysing the combined network obtained from text mining and co
The Arbitrary Trajectory Quantization Method
Debabrata Biswas
2001-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
The arbitrary trajectory quantization method (ATQM) is a time dependent approach to quasiclassical quantization based on the approximate dual relationship that exists between the quantum energy spectra and classical periodic orbits. It has recently been shown however, that, for polygonal billiards, the periodicity criterion must be relaxed to include closed almost-periodic (CAP) orbit families in this relationship. In light of this result, we reinvestigate the ATQM and show that at finite energies, a smoothened quasiclassical kernel corresponds to the modified formula that includes CAP families while the delta function kernel corresponding to the periodic orbit formula is recovered at high energies. Several clarifications are also provided.
Colored knot polynomials for arbitrary pretzel knots and links
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Galakhov, D.; Melnikov, D.; Mironov, A.; Morozov, A.; Sleptsov, A.
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
A very simple expression is conjectured for arbitrary colored Jones and HOMFLY polynomials of a rich (g+1)-parametric family of pretzel knots and links. The answer for the Jones and HOMFLY is fully and explicitly expressed through the Racah matrix of Uq(SUN), and looks related to a modular transformation of toric conformal block.Knot polynomials are among the hottest topics in modern theory. They are supposed to summarize nicely representation theory of quantum algebras and modular properties of conformal blocks. The result reported in the present letter, provides a spectacular illustration and support to this general expectation.
Arbitrary Rotation Invariant Random Matrix Ensembles and Supersymmetry
Thomas Guhr
2006-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
We generalize the supersymmetry method in Random Matrix Theory to arbitrary rotation invariant ensembles. Our exact approach further extends a previous contribution in which we constructed a supersymmetric representation for the class of norm-dependent Random Matrix Ensembles. Here, we derive a supersymmetric formulation under very general circumstances. A projector is identified that provides the mapping of the probability density from ordinary to superspace. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that setting up the theory in Fourier superspace has considerable advantages. General and exact expressions for the correlation functions are given. We also show how the use of hyperbolic symmetry can be circumvented in the present context in which the non-linear sigma model is not used. We construct exact supersymmetric integral representations of the correlation functions for arbitrary positions of the imaginary increments in the Green functions.
Residual zonal flows in tokamaks and stellarators at arbitrary wavelengths
Monreal, P; Sánchez, E; Parra, F I; Bustos, A; Könies, A; Kleiber, R; Görler, T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the linear collisionless limit, a zonal potential perturbation in a toroidal plasma relaxes, in general, to a non-zero residual value. Expressions for the residual value in tokamak and stellarator geometries, and for arbitrary wavelengths, are derived. These expressions involve averages over the lowest order particle trajectories, that typically cannot be evaluated analytically. In this work, an efficient numerical method for the evaluation of such expressions is reported. It is shown that this method is faster than direct gyrokinetic simulations. Calculations of the residual value in stellarators are provided for much shorter wavelengths than previously available in the literature. Electrons must be treated kinetically in stellarators because, unlike in tokamaks, kinetic electrons modify the residual value even at long wavelengths. This effect, that had already been predicted theoretically, is confirmed by gyrokinetic simulations.
Controlling Electromagnetic Fields at Boundaries of Arbitrary Geometries
Teo, Jonathon Yi Han; Molardi, Carlo; Genevet, Patrice
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Rapid developments in the emerging field of stretchable and conformable photonics necessitate analytical expressions for boundary conditions at metasurfaces of arbitrary geometries. Here, we introduce the concept of conformal boundary optics: a design theory that determines the optical response for designer input and output fields at such interfaces. Given any object, we can realise coatings to achieve exotic effects like optical illusions and anomalous diffraction behaviour. This approach is relevant to a broad range of applications from conventional refractive optics to the design of the next-generation of wearable optical components. This concept can be generalized to other fields of research where designer interfaces with nontrivial geometries are encountered.
Isotropy theorem for arbitrary-spin cosmological fields
Cembranos, J.A.R.; Maroto, A.L.; Jareńo, S.J. Núńez, E-mail: cembra@ucm.es, E-mail: maroto@ucm.es, E-mail: sjnjareno@ucm.es [Departamento de Física Teórica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avenida Complutense s/n, Madrid, 28040 (Spain)
2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the energy-momentum tensor of homogeneous fields of arbitrary spin in an expanding universe is always isotropic in average provided the fields remain bounded and evolve rapidly compared to the rate of expansion. An analytic expression for the average equation of state is obtained for Lagrangians with generic power-law kinetic and potential terms. As an example we consider the behavior of a spin-two field in the standard Fierz-Pauli theory of massive gravity. The results can be extended to general space-time geometries for locally inertial observers.
Grain Scale Modeling of Arbitrary Fluid Saturation in Random Packings
Konstantin Melnikov; Roman Mani; Falk K. Wittel; Marcel Thielmann; Hans J. Herrmann
2015-03-25T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a model for increasing liquid saturation in a granular packing which can account for liquid redistribution at saturation levels beyond the well-studied capillary bridge regime. The model is capable of resolving and combining capillary bridges, menisci and fully saturated pores to form local liquid clusters of any shape. They can exchange volume due to the local Laplace pressure gradient via a liquid film on the surfaces of grains. Local instabilities like Haines jumps trigger the discontinuous evolution of the liquid front. The applicability of the model is demonstrated and compared to benchmark experiments on the level of individual liquid structures as well as on larger systems.
Poisson color algebras of arbitrary degree
Antonio J. Calderon; Diouf M. Cheikh
2015-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
A Poisson algebra is a Lie algebra endowed with a commutative associative product in such a way that the Lie and associative products are compatible via a Leibniz rule. If we part from a Lie color algebra, instead of a Lie algebra, a graded-commutative associative product and a graded-version Leibniz rule we get a so-called Poisson color algebra (of degree zero). This concept can be extended to any degree so as to obtain the class of Poisson color algebras of arbitrary degree. This class turns out to be a wide class of algebras containing the ones of Lie color algebras (and so Lie superalgebras and Lie algebras), Poisson algebras, graded Poisson algebras, $z$-Poisson algebras, Gerstenhaber algebras and Schouten algebras among others classes of algebras. The present paper is devoted to the study of the structure of Poisson color algebras of arbitrary degree, with restrictions neither on the dimension nor the base field.
Clausius entropy for arbitrary bifurcate null surfaces
Baccetti, Valentina
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Is entropy objectively "real"? Or is entropy in some sense subjective and observer-dependent? These innocent questions open a Pandora's box of often inconclusive debate. A consensus opinion, though certainly not universally held, seems to be that the Clausius entropy (thermodynamic entropy, defined via a Clausius relation d S = dQ/T) should be objectively real, but that the ontological status of the statistical entropy (the Shannon or von Neumann entropy) is much more ambiguous, and much more likely to be observer-dependent. This question is particularly pressing when it comes to understanding Bekenstein entropy (black hole entropy). To perhaps further add to the confusion, we shall argue that even Clausius entropy can often be observer-dependent. We shall demonstrate that one can meaningfully assign a notion of Clausius entropy to the matter crossing arbitrary bifurcate null surfaces --- effectively defining a virtual Clausius entropy" for arbitrary virtual causal horizons".
Decay of Graviton Condensates and their Generalizations in Arbitrary Dimensions
Florian Kuhnel; Bo Sundborg
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Classicalons are self-bound classical field configurations, which include black holes in General Relativity. In quantum theory, they are described by condensates of many soft quanta. In this work, their decay properties are studied in arbitrary dimensions. It is found that generically the decays of other classicalons are enhanced compared to pure graviton condensates, ie. black holes. The evaporation of higher dimensional graviton condensates turns out to match Hawking radiation solely due to non-linearites captured by the classicalon picture. Although less stable than black holes, all self-bound condensates are shown to be stable in the limit of large mass. Like for black holes, the effective coupling always scales as the inverse of the number of constituents, indicating that these systems are at critical points of quantum phase transitions. Consequences for cosmology, astro- and collider physics are briefly discussed.
Minimal comparability completions of arbitrary graphs Pinar Heggernes
Heggernes, Pinar
Minimal comparability completions of arbitrary graphs Pinar Heggernes Federico Mancini Charis for which completion of arbitrary graphs can be achieved through such a vertex incremental approach. 1 to an arbitrary graph is called a comparability completion of the input graph. Unfortunately, computing
Casimir Forces between Arbitrary Compact Objects
Emig, T. [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques, CNRS UMR 8626, Universite Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France); Graham, N. [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States); Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Jaffe, R. L. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Kardar, M. [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z
We develop an exact method for computing the Casimir energy between arbitrary compact objects, either dielectrics or perfect conductors. The energy is obtained as an interaction between multipoles, generated by quantum current fluctuations. The objects' shape and composition enter only through their scattering matrices. The result is exact when all multipoles are included, and converges rapidly. A low frequency expansion yields the energy as a series in the ratio of the objects' size to their separation. As an example, we obtain this series for two dielectric spheres and the full interaction at all separations for perfectly conducting spheres.
Thermoacoustic tomography with an arbitrary elliptic operator
Michael V. Klibanov
2012-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
Thermoacoustic tomography is a term for the inverse problem of determining of one of initial conditions of a hyperbolic equation from boundary measurements. In the past publications both stability estimates and convergent numerical methods for this problem were obtained only under some restrictive conditions imposed on the principal part of the elliptic operator. In this paper logarithmic stability estimates are obatined for an arbitrary variable principal part of that operator. Convergence of the Quasi-Reversibility Method to the exact solution is also established for this case. Both complete and incomplete data collection cases are considered.
Multiboson Correlation Interferometry with arbitrary single-photon pure states
Vincenzo Tamma; Simon Laibacher
2015-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a compact full description of multiboson correlation measurements of arbitrary order N in passive linear interferometers with arbitrary input single-photon pure states. We give evidence, even for non-identical photons, of the tremendous computational power of multiphoton quantum interference at the heart of the complexity of multiboson correlation sampling at the output of random linear interferometers. Moreover, our results describe general multiboson correlation landscapes for an arbitrary number of input single photons and arbitrary interferometers. In particular, we use two different schemes to demonstrate, respectively, arbitrary-order quantum beat interference and 100 % visibility entanglement correlations even for input photons distinguishable in their frequencies.
Consistent massive graviton on arbitrary backgrounds
Laura Bernard; Cedric Deffayet; Mikael von Strauss
2015-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
We obtain the fully covariant linearized field equations for the metric perturbation in the de Rham-Gabadadze-Tolley (dRGT) ghost free massive gravities. For a subset of these theories, we show that the non dynamical metric that appears in the dRGT setup can be completely eliminated leading to the theory of a massive graviton moving in a single metric. This has a mass term which contains non trivial contributions of the space-time curvature. We show further how 5 covariant constraints can be obtained including one which leads to the tracelessness of the graviton on flat space-time and removes the Boulware-Deser ghost. The 5 constraints are obtained for a background metric which is arbitrary, i.e. which does not have to obey the background field equations.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Execution of arbitrary code via network A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target
U-254: Webmin Flaws Let Remote Authenticated Users Execute Arbitrary...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Cisco Connected Grid Network Management System Multiple Vulnerabilities V-104: Oracle Java Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-255: Apache Wicket Input Validation...
Optimal control theory with arbitrary superpositions of waveforms
Selina Meister; Jürgen T. Stockburger; Rebecca Schmidt; Joachim Ankerhold
2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
Standard optimal control methods perform optimization in the time domain. However, many experimental settings demand the expression of the control signal as a superposition of given waveforms, a case that cannot easily be accommodated using time-local constraints. Previous approaches [1,2] have circumvented this difficulty by performing optimization in a parameter space, using the chain rule to make a connection to the time domain. In this paper, we present an extension to Optimal Control Theory which allows gradient-based optimization for superpositions of arbitrary waveforms directly in a time-domain subspace. Its key is the use of the Moore-Penrose pseudoinverse as an efficient means of transforming between a time-local and waveform-based descriptions. To illustrate this optimization technique, we study the parametrically driven harmonic oscillator as model system and reduce its energy, considering both Hamiltonian dynamics and stochastic dynamics under the influence of a thermal reservoir. We demonstrate the viability and efficiency of the method for these test cases and find significant advantages in the case of waveforms which do not form an orthogonal basis.
Damage from pulses with arbitrary temporal shapes
Trenholme, J.B.
1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
In fusion laser designs, the laser pulse has a complicated temporal shape which undergoes significant change as it passes through the laser. Our damage data, however, was taken with pulses whose temporal shapes were (more or less) Gaussian. We want to determine the damage propensity of a material exposed to a pulse of arbitrary temporal shape , given data taken with Gaussian pulses of different pulse widths. To do so, we must adopt a physical model of damage. This model will contain some number of parameters that depend on material properties, geometry, and so forth. We determine the parameters of the model appropriate to each material by fitting the model to the Gaussian data for that material. The resulting normalized model is then applied, using the appropriate pulse shape, to find the damage level for a specific material subjected to a specific pulse. The model we shall assume is related to diffusion, although (as we shall see) the experimental results do not fit any simple diffusion model. Initially, we will discuss simple diffusion models. We then examine some experimental data, and then develop a modified diffusive model from that data. That modified model is then used to predict damage levels in various portions of the NIF laser design.
Quantum nonlocality with arbitrary limited detection efficiency
Gilles Pütz; Nicolas Gisin
2015-07-17T23:59:59.000Z
The demonstration and use of nonlocality, as defined by Bell's theorem, rely strongly on dealing with non-detection events due to losses and detector inefficiencies. Otherwise, the so-called detection loophole could be exploited. The only way to avoid this is to have detection efficiencies that are above a certain threshold. We introduce the intermediate assumption of limited detection efficiency, e.g. in each run of the experiment the overall detection efficiency is lower bounded by $\\eta_{min} > 0$. Hence, in an adversarial scenario, the adversaries have arbitrary large but not full control over the inefficiencies. We analyze the set of possible correlations that fulfil Limited Detection Locality (LDL) and show that they necessarily satisfy some linear Bell-like inequalities. We prove that quantum theory predicts violation of one of these inequalities for all $\\eta_{min} > 0$. Hence, nonlocality can be demonstrated with arbitrarily small limited detection efficiencies. Finally we propose a generalized scheme that uses this characterization to deal with detection inefficiencies, which interpolates between the two usual schemes, postselection and outcome assignment.
Multivariate Gaussian Simulation Outside Arbitrary Nick Ellis and Ranjan Maitra
Maitra, Ranjan
Multivariate Gaussian Simulation Outside Arbitrary Ellipsoids Nick Ellis and Ranjan Maitra Abstract Methods for simulation from multivariate Gaussian distributions restricted to be from outside an arbitrary a multivariate Gaussian distribution and accepts it if it is outside the ellipsoid is often employed: however
GRAVITY DRIVEN SHALLOW WATER MODELS FOR ARBITRARY TOPOGRAPHY
Blömker, Dirk
GRAVITY DRIVEN SHALLOW WATER MODELS FOR ARBITRARY TOPOGRAPHY FRANC¸OIS BOUCHUT AND MICHAEL over a general topography. A first model is valid for small slope variation, i.e. small curvature, and a second model is valid for arbitrary topography. In both cases no particular assumption is made
Making arbitrary graphs transitively orientable: Minimal comparability completions
Papadopoulos, Charis
Making arbitrary graphs transitively orientable: Minimal comparability completions Pinar Heggernes to an arbitrary graph is called a comparability completion of the input graph. Unfortunately, computing a comparability completion with the minimum number of added edges (called a minimum completion) is an NP
Virtual Clay: Haptics-based Deformable Solids of Arbitrary Topology
McDonnell, Kevin
Virtual Clay: Haptics-based Deformable Solids of Arbitrary Topology Kevin T. McDonnell and Hong Qin|qin}@cs.sunysb.edu Abstract. This paper presents Virtual Clay as a novel, interactive, dy- namic, haptics-based deformable solid of arbitrary topology. Our Virtual Clay methodology is a unique, powerful visual modeling paradigm
Wavelet Radiosity on Arbitrary Planar Nicolas Holzschuch1
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Wavelet Radiosity on Arbitrary Planar Surfaces Nicolas Holzschuch1 , Franc¸ois Cuny2 and Laurent Abstract. Wavelet radiosity is, by its nature, restricted to parallelograms or tri- angles. This paper presents an innovative technique enabling wavelet radiosity computations on planar surfaces of arbitrary
Quantum Szilard engines with arbitrary spin
Zekun Zhuang; Shi-Dong Liang
2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z
The quantum Szilard engine (QSZE) is a conceptual quantum engine for understanding the fundamental physics of quantum thermodynamics and information physics. We generalize the QSZE to an arbitrary spin case, i.e., a spin QSZE (SQSZE), and we systematically study the basic physical properties of both fermion and boson SQSZEs in a low-temperature approximation. We give the analytic formulation of the total work. For the fermion SQSZE, the work might be absorbed from the environment, and the change rate of the work with temperature exhibits periodicity and even-odd oscillation, which is a generalization of a spinless QSZE. It is interesting that the average absorbed work oscillates regularly and periodically in a large-number limit, which implies that the average absorbed work in a fermion SQSZE is neither an intensive quantity nor an extensive quantity. The phase diagrams of both fermion and boson SQSZEs give the SQSZE doing positive or negative work in the parameter space of the temperature and the particle number of the system, but they have different behaviors because the spin degrees of the fermion and the boson play different roles in their configuration states and corresponding statistical properties. The critical temperature of phase transition depends sensitively on the particle number. By using Landauer's erasure principle, we give the erasure work in a thermodynamic cycle, and we define an efficiency (we refer to it as information-work efficiency) to measure the engine's ability of utilizing information to extract work. We also give the conditions under which the maximum extracted work and highest information-work efficiencies for fermion and boson SQSZEs can be achieved.
Massive graviton on arbitrary background: derivation, syzygies, applications
Laura Bernard; Cedric Deffayet; Mikael von Strauss
2015-04-16T23:59:59.000Z
We give the detailed derivation of the fully covariant form of the quadratic action and the derived linear equations of motion for a massive graviton in an arbitrary background metric (which were presented in arXiv:1410.8302 [hep-th]). Our starting point is the de Rham-Gabadadze-Tolley (dRGT) family of ghost free massive gravities and using a simple model of this family, we are able to express this action and these equations of motion in terms of a single metric in which the graviton propagates, hence removing in particular the need for a "reference metric" which is present in the non perturbative formulation. We show further how 5 covariant constraints can be obtained including one which leads to the tracelessness of the graviton on flat space-time and removes the Boulware-Deser ghost. This last constraint involves powers and combinations of the curvature of the background metric. The 5 constraints are obtained for a background metric which is unconstrained, i.e. which does not have to obey the background field equations. We then apply these results to the case of Einstein space-times, where we show that the 5 constraints become trivial, and Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre-Robertson-Walker space-times, for which we correct in particular some results that appeared elsewhere. To reach our results, we derive several non trivial identities, syzygies, involving the graviton fields, its derivatives and the background metric curvature. These identities have their own interest. We also discover that there exist backgrounds for which the dRGT equations cannot be unambiguously linearized.
Catfish Genome Consortium; Wang, Shaolin; Peatman, Eric; Abernathy, Jason; Waldbieser, Geoff; Lindquist, Erika; Richardson, Paul; Lucas, Susan; Wang, Mei; Li, Ping; Thimmapuram, Jyothi; Liu, Lei; Vullaganti, Deepika; Kucuktas, Huseyin; Murdock, Christopher; Small, Brian C; Wilson, Melanie; Liu, Hong; Jiang, Yanliang; Lee, Yoona; Chen, Fei; Lu, Jianguo; Wang, Wenqi; Xu, Peng; Somridhivej, Benjaporn; Baoprasertkul, Puttharat; Quilang, Jonas; Sha, Zhenxia; Bao, Baolong; Wang, Yaping; Wang, Qun; Takano, Tomokazu; Nandi, Samiran; Liu, Shikai; Wong, Lilian; Kaltenboeck, Ludmilla; Quiniou, Sylvie; Bengten, Eva; Miller, Norman; Trant, John; Rokhsar, Daniel; Liu, Zhanjiang
2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
Background-Through the Community Sequencing Program, a catfish EST sequencing project was carried out through a collaboration between the catfish research community and the Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute. Prior to this project, only a limited EST resource from catfish was available for the purpose of SNP identification. Results-A total of 438,321 quality ESTs were generated from 8 channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) and 4 blue catfish (Ictalurus furcatus) libraries, bringing the number of catfish ESTs to nearly 500,000. Assembly of all catfish ESTs resulted in 45,306 contigs and 66,272 singletons. Over 35percent of the unique sequences had significant similarities to known genes, allowing the identification of 14,776 unique genes in catfish. Over 300,000 putative SNPs have been identified, of which approximately 48,000 are high-quality SNPs identified from contigs with at least four sequences and the minor allele presence of at least two sequences in the contig. The EST resource should be valuable for identification of microsatellites, genome annotation, large-scale expression analysis, and comparative genome analysis. Conclusions-This project generated a large EST resource for catfish that captured the majority of the catfish transcriptome. The parallel analysis of ESTs from two closely related Ictalurid catfishes should also provide powerful means for the evaluation of ancient and recent gene duplications, and for the development of high-density microarrays in catfish. The inter- and intra-specific SNPs identified from all catfish EST dataset assembly will greatly benefit the catfish introgression breeding program and whole genome association studies.
A Markov-type inequality for arbitrary plane continua
1910-51-20T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 8, 2005 ... for all polynomials f. We prove a precise version of this inequality with an arbitrary continuum in the complex plane instead of the interval. [?1,1].
Computation of Casimir Interactions between Arbitrary 3D Objects with Arbitrary Material Properties
M. T. Homer Reid; Jacob White; Steven G. Johnson
2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
We extend a recently introduced method for computing Casimir forces between arbitrarily--shaped metallic objects [M. T. H. Reid et al., Phys. Rev. Lett._103_ 040401 (2009)] to allow treatment of objects with arbitrary material properties, including imperfect conductors, dielectrics, and magnetic materials. Our original method considered electric currents on the surfaces of the interacting objects; the extended method considers both electric and magnetic surface current distributions, and obtains the Casimir energy of a configuration of objects in terms of the interactions of these effective surface currents. Using this new technique, we present the first predictions of Casimir interactions in several experimentally relevant geometries that would be difficult to treat with any existing method. In particular, we investigate Casimir interactions between dielectric nanodisks embedded in a dielectric fluid; we identify the threshold surface--surface separation at which finite--size effects become relevant, and we map the rotational energy landscape of bound nanoparticle diclusters.
Quantum gravitational corrections to propagator in arbitrary spacetimes
T. Padmanabhan
1997-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
The action for a relativistic free particle of mass m receives a contribution $-m R(x,y)$ from a path of length R(x,y) connecting the events $x^i$ and $y^i$. Using this action in a path integral, one can obtain the Feynman propagator for a spinless particle of mass m in any background spacetime. If one of the effects of quantizing gravity is to introduce a minimum length scale $L_P$ in the spacetime, then one would expect the segments of paths with lengths less than $L_P$ to be suppressed in the path integral. Assuming that the path integral amplitude is invariant under the `duality' transformation ${\\cal R}\\to L_P^2/R$, one can calculate the modified Feynman propagator in an arbitrary background spacetime. It turns out that the key feature of this modification is the following: The proper distance $(\\Delta x)^2$ between two events, which are infinitesimally separated, is replaced by $\\Delta x^2 + L_P^2$; that is the spacetime behaves as though it has a `zero-point length' of $L_P$. This equivalence suggests a deep relationship between introducing a `zero-point-length' to the spacetime and postulating invariance of path integral amplitudes under duality transformations. In the Schwinger's proper time description of the propagator, the weightage for a path with proper time s becomes $m(s+L_P^2/s)$ rather than as ms. As to be expected, the ultraviolet behavior of the theory is improved significantly and divergences will disappear if this modification is taken into account. Implications of this result are discussed.
V-052: Drupal Core Access Bypass and Arbitrary PHP Code Execution...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Drupal Drag & Drop Gallery Module Arbitrary File Upload Vulnerability U-155: WebCalendar Access Control and File Inclusion Bugs Let Remote Users Potentially Execute Arbitrary Code...
Stress and heat flux for arbitrary multi-body potentials: A unified framework
Admal, Nikhil Chandra
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A two-step unified framework for the evaluation of continuum field expressions from molecular simulations for arbitrary interatomic potentials is presented. First, pointwise continuum fields are obtained using a generalization of the Irving-Kirkwood procedure to arbitrary multi-body potentials. Two ambiguities associated with the original Irving-Kirkwood procedure (which was limited to pair potential interactions) are addressed in its generalization. The first ambiguity is due to the non-uniqueness of the decomposition of the force on an atom as a sum of central forces, which is a result of the non-uniqueness of the potential energy representation in terms of distances between the particles. This is in turn related to the shape space of the system. The second ambiguity is due to the non-uniqueness of the energy decomposition between particles. The latter can be completely avoided through an alternate derivation for the energy balance. It is found that the expressions for the specific internal energy and the h...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Update: Adobe Acrobat, Reader, and Flash Player SWF File Processing Arbitrary Code Execution Vulnerability.
Optimal Black-Box Secret Sharing over Arbitrary Abelian Groups
Fehr, Serge
Optimal Black-Box Secret Sharing over Arbitrary Abelian Groups Ronald Cramer and Serge Fehr BRICS-box secret sharing scheme for the threshold access structure Tt,n is one which works over any finite Abelian group G. Briefly, such a scheme differs from an ordinary linear secret sharing scheme (over, say
Optimal BlackBox Secret Sharing over Arbitrary Abelian Groups
Fehr, Serge
Optimal BlackÂBox Secret Sharing over Arbitrary Abelian Groups Ronald Cramer and Serge Fehr BRICSÂbox secret sharing scheme for the threshold access structure Tt,n is one which works over any finite Abelian group G. Briefly, such a scheme di#ers from an ordinary linear secret sharing scheme (over, say, a given
Mathematical Modeling and Analysis The Arbitrary-Lagrangian-
Kurien, Susan
of the fluid, (ii) preserve positivity of density and specific internal energy, (iii) satisfy the maximumMathematical Modeling and Analysis The Arbitrary-Lagrangian- Eulerian Code for 1D Compressible- zone phase in which a new grid is defined, and a remapping (conservative interpolation) phase in which
Counting Packets Sent Between Arbitrary Internet Hosts Jeffrey Knockel
Crandall, Jedidiah R.
Counting Packets Sent Between Arbitrary Internet Hosts Jeffrey Knockel Dept. of Computer Science University of New Mexico jeffk@cs.unm.edu Jedidiah R. Crandall Dept. of Computer Science University of New Mexico crandall@cs.unm.edu Abstract In this paper we demonstrate a side-channel technique to infer
THERMOACOUSTIC TOMOGRAPHY WITH AN ARBITRARY ELLIPTIC OPERATOR MICHAEL V. KLIBANOV
1 THERMOACOUSTIC TOMOGRAPHY WITH AN ARBITRARY ELLIPTIC OPERATOR MICHAEL V. KLIBANOV Abstract. Thermoacoustic tomography is a term for the inverse problem of determining of one of initial conditions. In thermoacoustic tomography (TAT) a short radio frequency pulse is sent in a biological tissue [1, 9]. Some energy
Matthias Krüger; Giuseppe Bimonte; Thorsten Emig; Mehran Kardar
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
We present a detailed derivation of heat radiation, heat transfer and (Casimir) interactions for N arbitrary objects in the framework of fluctuational electrodynamics in thermal non-equilibrium. The results can be expressed as basis-independent trace formulae in terms of the scattering operators of the individual objects. We prove that heat radiation of a single object is positive, and that heat transfer (for two arbitrary passive objects) is from the hotter to a colder body. The heat transferred is also symmetric, exactly reversed if the two temperatures are exchanged. Introducing partial wave-expansions, we transform the results for radiation, transfer and forces into traces of matrices that can be evaluated in any basis, analogous to the equilibrium Casimir force. The method is illustrated by (re)deriving the heat radiation of a plate, a sphere and a cylinder. We analyze the radiation of a sphere for different materials, emphasizing that a simplification often employed for metallic nano-spheres is typically invalid. We derive asymptotic formulae for heat transfer and non-equilibrium interactions for the cases of a sphere in front a plate and for two spheres, extending previous results. As an example, we show that a hot nano-sphere can levitate above a plate with the repulsive non-equilibrium force overcoming gravity -- an effect that is not due to radiation pressure.
Sinskey, Anthony J.
in Saccharomyces cereWisiae Grown in Microliter-Scale Bioreactors Equipped with Internal Stirring Paolo Boccazzi and glucose media in 150 µL bioreactors equipped with sensors for in situ and real-time measurements bioreactors, shake flasks, test tubes, and microtiter plates. These analytical platforms yield limited
Scott Hottovy; Austin McDaniel; Giovanni Volpe; Jan Wehr
2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
We study a class of systems of stochastic differential equations describing diffusive phenomena. The Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation is used to describe their dynamics in the small mass limit. Our systems have arbitrary state-dependent friction and noise coefficients. We identify the limiting equation and, in particular, the additional drift term that appears in the limit is expressed in terms of the solution to a Lyapunov matrix equation. The proof uses a theory of convergence of stochastic integrals developed by Kurtz and Protter. The result is sufficiently general to include systems driven by both white and Ornstein-Uhlenbeck colored noises. We discuss applications of the main theorem to several physical phenomena, including the experimental study of Brownian motion in a diffusion gradient.
Generalized Solovev equilibrium with sheared flow of arbitrary direction and stability consideration
Kaltsas, D. A., E-mail: dkaltsas@cc.uoi.gr, E-mail: gthroum@cc.uoi.gr; Throumoulopoulos, G. N., E-mail: dkaltsas@cc.uoi.gr, E-mail: gthroum@cc.uoi.gr [Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, GR 451 10 Ioannina (Greece)
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
A Solovev-like solution describing equilibria with field aligned incompressible flows [G. N. Throumoulopoulos and H. Tasso, Phys. Plasmas 19, 014504 (2012)] is extended to non parallel flows. The solution expressed as a superposition of Bessel functions contains an arbitrary number of free parameters which are exploited to construct a variety of configurations including ITER shaped ones. For parallel flows, application of a sufficient condition for linear stability shows that this condition is satisfied in an appreciable part of the plasma region on the high-field side mostly due to the variation of the magnetic field perpendicular to the magnetic surfaces. Also, the results indicate that depending on the shape of the Mach-function profile and the values of the free parameters the flow and flow shear may have either stabilizing or destabilizing effects.
Detecting arbitrary quantum errors via stabilizer measurements on a sublattice of the surface code
A. D. Córcoles; Easwar Magesan; Srikanth J. Srinivasan; Andrew W. Cross; M. Steffen; Jay M. Gambetta; Jerry M. Chow
2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
To build a fault-tolerant quantum computer, it is necessary to implement a quantum error correcting code. Such codes rely on the ability to extract information about the quantum error syndrome while not destroying the quantum information encoded in the system. Stabilizer codes are attractive solutions to this problem, as they are analogous to classical linear codes, have simple and easily computed encoding networks, and allow efficient syndrome extraction. In these codes, syndrome extraction is performed via multi-qubit stabilizer measurements, which are bit and phase parity checks up to local operations. Previously, stabilizer codes have been realized in nuclei, trapped-ions, and superconducting qubits. However these implementations lack the ability to perform fault-tolerant syndrome extraction which continues to be a challenge for all physical quantum computing systems. Here we experimentally demonstrate a key step towards this problem by using a two-by-two lattice of superconducting qubits to perform syndrome extraction and arbitrary error detection via simultaneous quantum non-demolition stabilizer measurements. This lattice represents a primitive tile for the surface code, which is a promising stabilizer code for scalable quantum computing. Furthermore, we successfully show the preservation of an entangled state in the presence of an arbitrary applied error through high-fidelity syndrome measurement. Our results bolster the promise of employing lattices of superconducting qubits for larger-scale fault-tolerant quantum computing.
Mining Complex Boolean Expressions for Sequential Equivalence Checking
Ramakrishnan, Naren
Mining Complex Boolean Expressions for Sequential Equivalence Checking Neha Goel, Michael S. Hsiao-flops in a sequential circuit for sequential equivalence checking. In contrast to traditional learning methods, our be arbitrary boolean expressions and can thus prune a large don't care space during equivalence checking
Massive "spin-2" theories in arbitrary $D \\ge 3$ dimensions
D. Dalmazi; A. L. R. dos Santos; E. L. Mendonça
2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
Here we show that in arbitrary dimensions $D\\ge 3$ there are two families of second order Lagrangians describing massive "spin-2" particles via a nonsymmetric rank-2 tensor. They differ from the usual Fierz-Pauli theory in general. At zero mass one of the families is Weyl invariant. Such massless theory has no particle content in $D=3$ and gives rise, via master action, to a dual higher order (in derivatives) description of massive spin-2 particles in $D=3$ where both the second and the fourth order terms are Weyl invariant, contrary to the linearized New Massive Gravity. However, only the fourth order term is invariant under arbitrary antisymmetric shifts. Consequently, the antisymmetric part of the tensor $e_{[\\mu\
Security of quantum key distribution with arbitrary individual imperfections
Řystein Marřy; Lars Lydersen; Johannes Skaar
2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the security of the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) protocol for Quantum Key Distribution (QKD), with arbitrary individual imperfections simultaneously in the source and detectors. We provide the secure key generation rate, and show that only two parameters must be bounded to ensure security; the basis dependence of the source and a detector blinding parameter. The system may otherwise be completely uncharacterized and contain large losses.
Heralding an Arbitrary Decoherence-Free Qubit State
C. Allen Bishop; Ryan S. Bennink; Travis S. Humble; Philip G. Evans; Mark S. Byrd
2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
We present an optical device which is capable of heralding a variety of DFS states which protect against collective noise. Specifically, it can prepare all three basis states which span a DFS qutrit as well as an arbitrarily encoded DFS qubit state. We also discuss an interferometric technique for determining the amplitudes associated with an arbitrary encoding. The heralded state may find use in coherent optical systems which exhibit collective correlations.
A compact, multichannel, and low noise arbitrary waveform generator
Govorkov, S. [Sema Systems, 302-5553 16th ave., Delta, British Columbia V4M 2H7 (Canada)] [Sema Systems, 302-5553 16th ave., Delta, British Columbia V4M 2H7 (Canada); Ivanov, B. I. [Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology, PO Box 100239, D-07702 Jena (Germany) [Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology, PO Box 100239, D-07702 Jena (Germany); Novosibirsk State Technical University, K.Marx-Ave. 20, Novosibirsk 630092 (Russian Federation); Il'ichev, E.; Meyer, H.-G. [Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology, PO Box 100239, D-07702 Jena (Germany)] [Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology, PO Box 100239, D-07702 Jena (Germany)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
A new type of high functionality, fast, compact, and easy programmable arbitrary waveform generator for low noise physical measurements is presented. The generator provides 7 fast differential waveform channels with a maximum bandwidth up to 200 MHz frequency. There are 6 fast pulse generators on the generator board with 78 ps time resolution in both duration and delay, 3 of them with amplitude control. The arbitrary waveform generator is additionally equipped with two auxiliary slow 16 bit analog-to-digital converters and four 16 bit digital-to-analog converters for low frequency applications. Electromagnetic shields are introduced to the power supply, digital, and analog compartments and with a proper filter design perform more than 110 dB digital noise isolation to the output signals. All the output channels of the board have 50 ? SubMiniature version A termination. The generator board is suitable for use as a part of a high sensitive physical equipment, e.g., fast read out and manipulation of nuclear magnetic resonance or superconducting quantum systems and any other application, which requires electromagnetic interference free fast pulse and arbitrary waveform generation.
BLOSOM: A Framework for Mining Arbitrary Boolean Expressions over Attribute Sets
Bystroff, Chris
by NSF CAREER Award IIS-0092978, DOE Career Award DE-FG02- 02ER25538, NSF grants EIA-0103708, EMT-0432098, EIA-0103660, IBN-0219332, and NIH/NIAID grant N01-AI-40035. #12;1 Introduction One of the basic goals of data mining is to discover novel patterns that are potentially useful. Within the database community
Remote state preparation: arbitrary remote control of photon polarization Nicholas A. Peters,1
Kwiat, Paul
Remote state preparation: arbitrary remote control of photon polarization Nicholas A. Peters,1 University, Kirksville, MO 63501 (Dated: October 22, 2004) We experimentally demonstrate the first remote, we remotely prepare arbitrary states at two wavelengths. Further, we derive theoretical bounds
Nonlinear oscillations and waves in an arbitrary mass ratio cold plasma
Verma, Prabal Singh [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382 428 (India)
2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that nonlinear standing oscillations in an arbitrary mass ratio cold plasma always phase mix away. However, there exist nonlinear electron-ion traveling wave solutions, which do not exhibit phase mixing because they have zero ponderomotive force. The existence of these waves has been demonstrated using a perturbation method. Moreover, it is shown that cold plasma BGK waves [Albritton et al., Nucl. Fusion 15, 1199 (1975)] phase mix away if ions are allowed to move and the scaling of phase mixing is found to be different from earlier work [Sengupta et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1867 (1999)]. Phase mixing of these waves has been further verified in 1-D particle in cell simulation.
U-208: HP Operations Agent Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Two vulnerabilities were reported in HP Operations Agent. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system
Ising Model on Networks with an Arbitrary Distribution of Connections
S. N. Dorogovtsev; A. V. Goltsev; J. F. F. Mendes
2002-04-11T23:59:59.000Z
We find the exact critical temperature $T_c$ of the nearest-neighbor ferromagnetic Ising model on an `equilibrium' random graph with an arbitrary degree distribution $P(k)$. We observe an anomalous behavior of the magnetization, magnetic susceptibility and specific heat, when $P(k)$ is fat-tailed, or, loosely speaking, when the fourth moment of the distribution diverges in infinite networks. When the second moment becomes divergent, $T_c$ approaches infinity, the phase transition is of infinite order, and size effect is anomalously strong.
An arbitrary function generator for use with an analog computer
Shanks, John Lee
1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
an output voltage, f(x)x which is a function of an input voltage, x. II ' THE PROBLEN Statement of the problem. It was the purpose of this research to design and build an arbitrary function generator Granino A. Kozn and Theresa N, Korn, Electronic... I CL L LI L') c) IW Qg d pJ O TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION TO THE PROBLEM De f i ni t i on o f Terms. Analog computer Computer components. Function generator The Problem Statement of the problem Justification of the problem...
Quantum memory of a squeezed vacuum for arbitrary frequency sidebands
Arikawa, Manabu; Honda, Kazuhito; Akamatsu, Daisuke; Nagatsuka, Satoshi; Akiba, Keiichirou [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); Furusawa, Akira [Department of Applied Physics, School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Kozuma, Mikio [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 1-9-9 Yaesu, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 103-0028 (Japan)
2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We have developed a quantum memory that is completely compatible with current quantum information processing for continuous variables of light, where arbitrary frequency sidebands of a squeezed vacuum can be stored and retrieved using bichromatic electromagnetic induced transparency. The 2 MHz sidebands of squeezed vacuum pulses with temporal widths of 470 ns and a squeezing level of -1.78{+-}0.02 dB were stored for 3 {mu}s in laser-cooled {sup 87}Rb atoms. Squeezing of -0.44{+-}0.02 dB, which is the highest squeezing reported for a retrieved pulse, was achieved.
Generalized Intelligent States for an Arbitrary Quantum System
A. H. EL Kinani; M. Daoud
2003-11-06T23:59:59.000Z
Generalized Intelligent States (coherent and squeezed states) are derived for an arbitrary quantum system by using the minimization of the so-called Robertson-Schr\\"odinger uncertainty relation. The Fock-Bargmann representation is also considered. As a direct illustration of our construction, the P\\"oschl-Teller potentials of trigonometric type will be shosen. We will show the advantage of the Fock-Bargmann representation in obtaining the generalized intelligent states in an analytical way. Many properties of these states are studied.
M. T. Homer Reid; Jacob White; Steven G. Johnson
2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a new method for the efficient numerical computation of Casimir interactions between objects of arbitrary geometries, composed of materials with arbitrary frequency-dependent electrical properties. Our method formulates the Casimir effect as an interaction between effective electric and magnetic current distributions on the surfaces of material bodies, and obtains Casimir energies, forces, and torques from the spectral properties of a matrix that quantifies the interactions of these surface currents. The method can be formulated and understood in two distinct ways: \\textbf{(1)} as a consequence of the familiar \\textit{stress-tensor} approach to Casimir physics, or, alternatively, \\textbf{(2)} as a particular case of the \\textit{path-integral} approach to Casimir physics, and we present both formulations in full detail. In addition to providing an algorithm for computing Casimir interactions in geometries that could not be efficiently handled by any other method, the framework proposed here thus achieves an explicit unification of two seemingly disparate approaches to computational Casimir physics.
Falcon: automated optimization method for arbitrary assessment criteria
Yang, Tser-Yuan (Livermore, CA); Moses, Edward I. (Livermore, CA); Hartmann-Siantar, Christine (Livermore, CA)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
FALCON is a method for automatic multivariable optimization for arbitrary assessment criteria that can be applied to numerous fields where outcome simulation is combined with optimization and assessment criteria. A specific implementation of FALCON is for automatic radiation therapy treatment planning. In this application, FALCON implements dose calculations into the planning process and optimizes available beam delivery modifier parameters to determine the treatment plan that best meets clinical decision-making criteria. FALCON is described in the context of the optimization of external-beam radiation therapy and intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), but the concepts could also be applied to internal (brachytherapy) radiotherapy. The radiation beams could consist of photons or any charged or uncharged particles. The concept of optimizing source distributions can be applied to complex radiography (e.g. flash x-ray or proton) to improve the imaging capabilities of facilities proposed for science-based stockpile stewardship.
Agile high resolution arbitrary waveform generator with jitterless frequency stepping
Reilly, Peter T.; Koizumi, Hideya
2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
Jitterless transition of the programmable clock waveform is generated employing a set of two coupled direct digital synthesis (DDS) circuits. The first phase accumulator in the first DDS circuit runs at least one cycle of a common reference clock for the DDS circuits ahead of the second phase accumulator in the second DDS circuit. As a phase transition through the beginning of a phase cycle is detected from the first phase accumulator, a first phase offset word and a second phase offset word for the first and second phase accumulators are calculated and loaded into the first and second DDS circuits. The programmable clock waveform is employed as a clock input for the RAM address controller. A well defined jitterless transition in frequency of the arbitrary waveform is provided which coincides with the beginning of the phase cycle of the DDS output signal from the second DDS circuit.
Magnetic and Electric Black Holes in Arbitrary Dimension
Adil Belhaj; Pablo Diaz; Antonio segui
2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we compare two different objects: electric black holes and magnetic black holes in arbitrary dimension. The comparison is made in terms of the corresponding moduli space and their extremal geometries. We treat parallelly the magnetic and the electric cases. Specifically, we discuss the gravitational solution of these spherically symmetric objects in the presence of a positive cosmological constant. Then, we find the bounded region of the moduli space allowing the existence of black holes. After identifying it in both the electric and the magnetic case, we calculate the geometry that comes out between the horizons at the coalescence points. Although the electric and magnetic cases are both very different (only dual in four dimensions), gravity solutions seem to clear up most of the differences and lead to very similar geometries.
Method of preparing mercury with an arbitrary isotopic distribution
Grossman, M.W.; George, W.A.
1986-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
This invention provides for a process for preparing mercury with a predetermined, arbitrary, isotopic distribution. In one embodiment, different isotopic types of Hg[sub 2]Cl[sub 2], corresponding to the predetermined isotopic distribution of Hg desired, are placed in an electrolyte solution of HCl and H[sub 2]O. The resulting mercurous ions are then electrolytically plated onto a cathode wire producing mercury containing the predetermined isotopic distribution. In a similar fashion, Hg with a predetermined isotopic distribution is obtained from different isotopic types of HgO. In this embodiment, the HgO is dissolved in an electrolytic solution of glacial acetic acid and H[sub 2]O. The isotopic specific Hg is then electrolytically plated onto a cathode and then recovered. 1 fig.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Avaya Aura Application Server Buffer Overflow in 'cstore.exe' Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code.
T-573: Windows Remote Desktop Client DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A vulnerability was reported in Windows Remote Desktop Client. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system.
V-006: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Deny Service
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Two vulnerabilities were reported in CA ARCserve Backup. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions.
T-656: Microsoft Office Visio DXF File Handling Arbitrary Code Execution Vulnerability
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Microsoft Office Visio contains a vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on a targeted system.
U-080: Linux Kernel XFS Heap Overflow May Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A vulnerability was reported in the Linux Kernel. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system.
U-136: Adobe Flash Player Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Two vulnerabilities were reported in Adobe Flash Player. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system.
U-041: Google Chrome Out-of-Bounds Write Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A remote user can create HTML that, when loaded by the target user, will execute arbitrary code on the target user's system.
U-166: Adobe Shockwave Player Memory Corruption Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Multiple vulnerabilities were reported in Adobe Shockwave Player. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system.
cbailey
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Inequalities can be expressed in the following three ways. 1. With an inequality symbol ) , , ,(?. ?. 2. With a number line graph. 3. Using interval notation.
Liang, Bibo
2009-02-19T23:59:59.000Z
A film called 'Pony Express' made by the important Chinese documentary film-maker, LIANG Bibo in the late 1990's. Liang works for Chengdu television....
Localized Magnetic Fields in Arbitrary Directions Using Patterned Nanomagnets
Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.
in specific regions. Magnetic structures patterned on nanometer length scales, nanomagnets,17,18 exhibit, Cambridge, U.K., | Center for Electron Nanoscopy, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby
Remote State Preparation: Arbitrary remote control of photon polarizations for quantum communication
Kwiat, Paul
Remote State Preparation: Arbitrary remote control of photon polarizations for quantum measurement to one photon of a polarization- entangled pair, we remotely prepare single photons in arbitrary. Finally, we discuss the states remotely preparable given a particular two-qubit resource state. Keywords
Optical Arbitrary Waveform Generation Based Optical-Label Switching Transmitter with
Kolner, Brian H.
Optical Arbitrary Waveform Generation Based Optical-Label Switching Transmitter with All-Optical, 95616 Email: sbyoo@ucdavis.edu Abstract: This paper introduces a modulation-format transparent optical-label switching transmitter based on optical arbitrary waveform generation. Packets consisting of 100 Gb
Closed Form of the Biphoton K-Vector Spectrum for Arbitrary Spatio-Temporal Pump Modes
Jeffrey Perkins
2011-09-02T23:59:59.000Z
A closed form solution is derived for the biphoton k-vector spectrum for an arbitrary pump spatial mode. The resulting mode coefficients for the pump input that maximize the probability of biphoton detection in the far field are found. It is thus possible to include the effect of arbitrary crystal poling strucures, and optimize the resulting biphoton flux.
Green's Conjecture for curves on arbitrary K3 Marian Aprodu and Gavril Farkas
Farkas, Gavril
Green's Conjecture for curves on arbitrary K3 surfaces Marian Aprodu and Gavril Farkas Abstract Green's Conjecture predicts than one can read off special linear series on an algebraic curve-Ramanan, provides a complete solution to Green's Conjecture for smooth curves on arbitrary K3 surfaces. 1
Two-step asymptotics of scaled Dunkl processes
Sergio Andraus; Seiji Miyashita
2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
Dunkl processes are generalizations of Brownian motion obtained by using the differential-difference operators known as Dunkl operators as a replacement of spatial partial derivatives in the heat equation. Special cases of these processes include Dyson's Brownian motion model and the Wishart-Laguerre eigenvalue processes, which are well-known in random matrix theory. It is known that the dynamics of Dunkl processes is obtained by transforming the heat kernel using Dunkl's intertwining operator. It is also known that, under an appropriate scaling, their distribution function converges to a steady-state distribution which depends only on the coupling parameter $\\beta$ as the process time $t$ tends to infinity. We study scaled Dunkl processes starting from an arbitrary initial distribution, and we derive expressions for the intertwining operator in order to calculate the asymptotics of the distribution function in two limiting situations. In the first one, $\\beta$ is fixed and $t$ tends to infinity (approach to the steady state), and in the second one, $t$ is fixed and $\\beta$ tends to infinity (strong-coupling limit). We obtain the deviations from the limiting distributions in both of the above situations, and we find that they are caused by the two different mechanisms which drive the process, namely, the drift and exchange mechanisms. We find that the deviation due to the drift mechanism decays as $t^{-1}$, while the deviation due to the exchange mechanism decays as $t^{-1/2}$.
Wadehra, Jogindra M.
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
INTERNATIONALJOURNAL OF QUANTUM CHEMISTRY, VOL. XXXVII. 797-809 (1990) Analytical ExpressionsStrnCt The matrix elements of various analytical functions f (X), X being the internuclear separation, are required of a molecule. Using this assumption, analytical expressions for the matrix elements of an arbitrary
Thomas E. Skinner
2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of states representing arbitrary N-level quantum systems, including dissipative systems, can be modelled exactly by the dynamics of classical coupled oscillators. There is a direct one-to-one correspondence between the quantum states and the positions of the oscillators. Quantum coherence, expectation values, and measurement probabilities for system observables can therefore be realized from the corresponding classical states. The time evolution of an N-level system is represented as the rotation of a real state vector in hyperspace, as previously known for density matrix states but generalized here to Schrodinger states. A single rotor in n dimensions is then mapped directly to n oscillators in one physical dimension. The number of oscillators needed to represent N-level systems scales linearly with N for Schrodinger states, in contrast to N^2 for the density matrix formalism. Although the well-known equivalence (SU(2), SO(3) homomorphism) of 2-level quantum dynamics to a rotation in real, physical space cannot be generalized to arbitrary N-level systems, representing quantum dynamics by a system of coupled harmonic oscillators in one physical dimension is general for any N. Values for the classical coupling constants are readily obtained from the system Hamiltonian, allowing construction of classical mechanical systems that can provide visual insight into the dynamics of abstract quantum systems as well as a metric for characterizing the interface between quantum and classical mechanics.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A remote user can execute arbitrary commands on the target system. A remote user can access a target user's account. A remote user can redirect users to arbitrary sites.
Holographic Superconductors with Lifshitz Scaling
E. J. Brynjolfsson; U. H. Danielsson; L. Thorlacius; T. Zingg
2010-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
Black holes in asymptotically Lifshitz spacetime provide a window onto finite temperature effects in strongly coupled Lifshitz models. We add a Maxwell gauge field and charged matter to a recently proposed gravity dual of 2+1 dimensional Lifshitz theory. This gives rise to charged black holes with scalar hair, which correspond to the superconducting phase of holographic superconductors with z > 1 Lifshitz scaling. Along the way we analyze the global geometry of static, asymptotically Lifshitz black holes at arbitrary critical exponent z > 1. In all known exact solutions there is a null curvature singularity in the black hole region, and, by a general argument, the same applies to generic Lifshitz black holes.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A remote user can cause the target application to execute arbitrary code on the target user's system.
U-121: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
information. A local user can bypass the screen lock. Impact: A remote user can create HTML that, when loaded by the target user, will execute arbitrary code on the target...
Symmetric multiparty-controlled teleportation of an arbitrary two-particle entanglement
Deng Fuguo; Zhou Hongyu [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Material Modification of Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Institute of Low Energy Nuclear Physics and Department of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Beijing Radiation Center, Beijing 100875 (China); Li Chunyan; Wang Yan [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Material Modification of Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Institute of Low Energy Nuclear Physics and Department of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Li Yansong [Department of Physics and Key Laboratory for Quantum Information and Measurements of Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)
2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a way for symmetric multiparty-controlled teleportation of an arbitrary two-particle entangled state based on Bell-basis measurements by using two Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states, i.e., a sender transmits an arbitrary two-particle entangled state to a distant receiver, an arbitrary one of the n+1 agents, via the control of the others in a network. It will be shown that the outcomes in the cases that n is odd or is even are different in principle as the receiver has to perform a controlled-NOT operation on his particles for reconstructing the original arbitrary entangled state in addition to some local unitary operations in the former. Also we discuss the applications of this controlled teleporation for quantum secret sharing of classical and quantum information. As all the instances can be used to carry useful information, its efficiency for qubit approaches the maximal value.
Use of associated polynomials for division involving polynomials over arbitrary fields
Jones, James Edgar
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
USE OF ASSOCIATED POLYNOMIALS FOR DIVISION INVOLVING POLYNOMIALS OVER ARBITRARY FIELDS A Thesis by JAMES EDGAR JOiVES Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partiai fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1968 Major Subject: MATHEJRTICS USE OF ASSOCIATED POLYNOMIALS FOR DIVISION INVOLVING POLYNOMIALS OVER ARBITRARY FIELDS A Thesis by JAMES EDGAR JONES Approved as to style and content by (Chairman of Committee) (Head...
Load Distribution in Large Scale Network Monitoring Infrastructures
Politčcnica de Catalunya, Universitat
Load Distribution in Large Scale Network Monitoring Infrastructures Josep Sanju`as-Cuxart, Pere to build a scalable, distributed passive network mon- itoring system that can run several arbitrary the principal research challenges behind building a distributed network monitoring system to support
Simulik, V M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The investigation of arXiv 1409.2766v2 [quant-ph] has been continued by the general form of the numerous equations with partial values of arbitrary spin, which were considered in above mentioned preprint. The general forms of quantum-mechanical and covariant equations for arbitrary spin together with the general description of the arbitrary spin field formalism are presented. The corresponding relativistic quantum mechanics of arbitrary spin is given as the system of axioms. Previously ignored partial example of the spin s=(0,0) particle-antiparticle doublet is considered. The partial example of spin s=(3/2,3/2) particle-antiparticle doublet is highlighted. The new 64 dimensional Clifford--Dirac algebra over the field of real numbers is suggested. The general operator, which transformed the relativistic canonical quantum mechanics of arbitrary spin into the locally covariant field theory, has been introduced. Moreover, the study of the place of the results given in arXiv 1409.2766v2 [quant-ph] among the resul...
Realization of arbitrary discrete unitary transformations using spatial and internal modes of light
Dhand, Ish
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Any lossless transformation on $n_{s}$ spatial and $n_{p}$ internal modes of light can be described by an $n_{s}n_{p}\\times n_{s}n_{p}$ unitary matrix, but no procedure to effect arbitrary $n_{s}n_{p}\\times n_{s}n_{p}$ unitary matrix on the combined spatial and internal modes is known. We devise an algorithm to realize an arbitrary discrete unitary transformation on the combined spatial and internal degrees of freedom of light. Our realization uses beamsplitters and operations on internal modes to effect arbitrary linear transformations. The number of beamsplitters required to realize a unitary transformation is reduced as compared to existing realization by a factor equal to the dimension of the employed internal degree of freedom. Our algorithm thus enables the optical implementation of higher dimensional unitary transformations.
Plasma diagnostics in TFTR using emission of cyclotron radiation at arbitrary frequencies
Fidone, I.; Giruzzi, G.; Taylor, G.
1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Emission of cyclotron radiation at arbitrary wave frequency for diagnostic purposes is discussed. It is shown that the radiation spectrum at arbitrary frequencies is more informative than the first few harmonics and it is suited for diagnosis of superthermal electrons without any {open_quotes}ad hoc{close_quotes} value of the wall reflection coefficient. Thermal radiation from TFTR is investigated and it is shown that the bulk and the tail of the electron momentum distribution during strong neutral beam injection is a Maxwellian with a single temperature in all ranges of electron energies.
U-007: IBM Rational AppScan Import/Load Function Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Two vulnerabilities were reported in IBM Rational AppScan. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A vulnerability was reported in PHP. A remote user can obtain potentially sensitive information. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Two vulnerabilities were reported in WebCalendar. A remote user may be able to execute arbitrary PHP code on the target system.
A. M. Selvam
2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z
Atmospheric flows exhibit fractal fluctuations and inverse power law form for power spectra indicating an eddy continuum structure for the selfsimilar fluctuations. A general systems theory for fractal fluctuations developed by the author is based on the simple visualisation that large eddies form by space-time integration of enclosed turbulent eddies, a concept analogous to Kinetic Theory of Gases in Classical Statistical Physics. The ordered growth of atmospheric eddy continuum is in dynamical equilibrium and is associated with Maximum Entropy Production. The model predicts universal (scale-free) inverse power law form for fractal fluctuations expressed in terms of the golden mean. Atmospheric particulates are held in suspension in the fractal fluctuations of vertical wind velocity. The mass or radius (size) distribution for homogeneous suspended atmospheric particulates is expressed as a universal scale-independent function of the golden mean, the total number concentration and the mean volume radius. Model predicted spectrum is in agreement (within two standard deviations on either side of the mean) with total averaged radius size spectra for the AERONET (aerosol inversions) stations Davos and Mauna Loa for the year 2010 and Izana for the year 2009 daily averages. The general systems theory model for aerosol size distribution is scale free and is derived directly from atmospheric eddy dynamical concepts. At present empirical models such as the log normal distribution with arbitrary constants for the size distribution of atmospheric suspended particulates are used for quantitative estimation of earth-atmosphere radiation budget related to climate warming/cooling trends. The universal aerosol size spectrum will have applications in computations of radiation balance of earth-atmosphere system in climate models.
A Closed-Form Solution to the Arbitrary Order Cauchy Problem with Propagators
Henrik Stenlund
2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
The general abstract arbitrary order (N) Cauchy problem was solved in a closed form as a sum of exponential propagator functions. The infinite sparse exponential series was solved with the aid of a homogeneous differential equation. It generated a linear combination of exponential functions. The Cauchy problem solution was formed with N linear combinations of N exponential propagators.
Off-diagonal Bethe ansatz solution of the XXX spin-chain with arbitrary boundary conditions
Cao, Junpeng; Shi, Kangjie; Wang, Yupeng
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
With the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz method proposed recently by the present authors, we exactly diagonalize the $XXX$ spin chain with arbitrary boundary fields. By constructing a functional relation between the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix and the quantum determinant, the associated $T-Q$ relation and the Bethe ansatz equations are derived.
Off-diagonal Bethe ansatz solution of the XXX spin-chain with arbitrary boundary conditions
Junpeng Cao; Wenli Yang; Kangjie Shi; Yupeng Wang
2013-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
With the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz method proposed recently by the present authors, we exactly diagonalize the $XXX$ spin chain with arbitrary boundary fields. By constructing a functional relation between the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix and the quantum determinant, the associated $T-Q$ relation and the Bethe ansatz equations are derived.
Factorization of Darboux transformations of arbitrary order for 2D Schroedinger operators
Ekaterina Shemyakova
2015-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
We give a proof of Darboux's conjecture that every Darboux transformation of arbitrary order of a 2D Schroedinger type operator can be factorized into Darboux transformations of order one. The proof is constructive. The result is obtained in the framework of an algebraic approach to Darboux transformations which is suggested in this paper and is a further improvement of S. Tsarev's earlier idea.
Integration In this Chapter, we define the integral of real-valued functions on an arbitrary
Hunter, John K.
CHAPTER 4 Integration In this Chapter, we define the integral of real-valued functions on an arbitrary measure space and derive some of its basic properties. We refer to this integral as the Lebesgue integral, whether or not the domain of the functions is subset of Rn equipped with Lebesgue measure
Schierup, Mikkel Heide
Efficient Algorithms for Computing the Triplet and Quartet Distance Between Trees of Arbitrary- ficient algorithms for computing these distances. We show how to compute the triplet distance in time O against unresolved (non-binary) topologies. The previous best algorithm for computing the triplet
Message-Optimal and Latency-Optimal Termination Detection Algorithms for Arbitrary
Mittal, Neeraj
Message-Optimal and Latency-Optimal Termination Detection Algorithms for Arbitrary Topologies. Detecting termination of a distributed computation is a fun- damental problem in distributed systems. We present two optimal algo- rithms for detecting termination of a non-diffusing distributed computa- tion
TaylUR 3, a multivariate arbitrary-order automatic differentiation package for Fortran 95
G. M. von Hippel
2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
This new version of TaylUR is based on a completely new core, which now is able to compute the numerical values of all of a complex-valued function's partial derivatives up to an arbitrary order, including mixed partial derivatives.
SPAIN: COTS Data-Center Ethernet for Multipathing over Arbitrary Topologies
SPAIN: COTS Data-Center Ethernet for Multipathing over Arbitrary Topologies Jayaram Mudigonda bandwidth over both simulated and experimental data-center net- works. 1 Introduction Data-center operators. They thus desire scalable data-center net- works. Data-center operators also must reduce costs for both
Comment on the shape of Hydrogen equation in spaces of arbitrary dimension
M. Ya. Amusia
2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We note that presenting Hydrogen atom Schrodinger equation in the case of arbitrary dimensions require simultaneous modification of the Coulomb potential that only in three dimensions has the form Z/r . This was not done in a number of relatively recent papers [1-5]. Therefore some results obtained there seem to be doubtful. Some required considerations in the area are mentioned.
Chen, Long-Qing
Static magnetic solution in magnetic composites with arbitrary susceptibility inhomogeneity nanoparticles with biaxial anisotropy J. Appl. Phys. 113, 053903 (2013); 10.1063/1.4789848 Static and high://scitation.aip.org/termsconditions. Downloaded to ] IP: 128.118.37.128 On: Fri, 13 Mar 2015 21:15:38 #12;Static magnetic solution in magnetic
U-199: Drupal Drag & Drop Gallery Module Arbitrary File Upload Vulnerability
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The vulnerability is caused due to the sites/all/modules/dragdrop_gallery/upload.php script improperly validating uploaded files, which can be exploited to execute arbitrary PHP code by uploading a PHP file with e.g. an appended ".gif" file extension.
Kolner, Brian H.
Optical Arbitrary Waveform Generation and Measurement Transmission Systems and Its Application to Flexible Bandwidth Networking By David Jason Geisler B.S. (Tufts University) 2004 M.S. (University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1.4.1 The Case for Flexible Bandwidth Networking . . . . . . . . 11 1.4.2 Impairment Awareness
Any: from scalarity to arbitrariness Lucia M. Tovena and Jacques Jayez
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Any: from scalarity to arbitrariness Lucia M. Tovena and Jacques Jayez ITC-IRST EHESS Trento Paris) it is neither an indefinite nor a quantifier but a more abstract item which signals that some property holds), is asserted to hold of absolutely every individual of the N class, not only of the most typical ones
Intro Algo ring Arbitrary graphs Conclusion PING PONG IN DANGEROUS GRAPHS
Fondements et Applications, Université Paris 7
Intro Algo ring Arbitrary graphs Conclusion PING PONG IN DANGEROUS GRAPHS Optimal Black Hole Search blocking and destroying any mobile agent entering it. Motivations : Site which is destroyed or dangerous blocking and destroying any mobile agent entering it. Motivations : Site which is destroyed or dangerous
How the diffusivity profile reduces the arbitrariness of protein folding free energies
Thirumalai, Devarajan
How the diffusivity profile reduces the arbitrariness of protein folding free energies M 2010 The concept of a protein diffusing in its free-energy folding landscape has been fruitful for both as it stochastically folds and unfolds. The free-energy profiles for different RCs exhibit significant variations, some
REGRESSION PERFORMANCE OF GROUP LASSO FOR ARBITRARY DESIGN MATRICES Marco F. Duarte,1,
Bajwa, Waheed U.
REGRESSION PERFORMANCE OF GROUP LASSO FOR ARBITRARY DESIGN MATRICES Marco F. Duarte,1, Waheed U.duarte,w.bajwa,robert.calderbank}@duke.edu ABSTRACT In many linear regression problems, explanatory variables are activated in groups or clusters; group lasso has been proposed for regression in such cases. This paper studies the non- asymptotic
Uniform WKB approximation of Coulomb wave functions for arbitrary partial wave
N. Michel
2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
Coulomb wave functions are difficult to compute numerically for extremely low energies, even with direct numerical integration. Hence, it is more convenient to use asymptotic formulas in this region. It is the object of this paper to derive analytical asymptotic formulas valid for arbitrary energies and partial waves. Moreover, it is possible to extend these formulas for complex values of parameters.
Demaine, Erik D.
We consider a model of algorithmic self-assembly of geometric shapes out of square Wang tiles studied in SODA 2010, in which there are two types of tiles (e.g., constructed out of DNA and RNA material) and one operation ...
Zhou, Chongwu
devices, such as liquid crystal displays, light emitting diodes, solar cells and touch panels [1 diodes [2123] and solar cells [24, 25], and have attracted significant interest. However, their pe of such a conductive silver nanowire film as an electrode in a touch panel has been demonstrated. (Some figures
Yao, Jianping
Microwave Arbitrary Waveform Generation Using a Spatially Discrete Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Chao Wang and experimentally demonstrate an approach to generating large time-bandwidth product (TBWP) microwave arbitrary of a bandwidth-limited photodetector (PD), a smooth microwave waveform is obtained. The SD-CFBG is fabricated
Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson
Warm wave breaking of nonlinear plasma waves with arbitrary phase velocities C. B. Schroeder, E, collisionless plasma is developed to analyze nonlinear plasma waves excited by intense drive beams. The maximum amplitude and wavelength are calculated for nonrelativistic plasma temperatures and arbitrary plasma wave
Generalized Remote Preparation of Arbitrary $m$-qubit Entangled States via Genuine Entanglements
Dong Wang; Ross D. Hoehn; Liu Ye; Sabre Kais
2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
Herein, we present a feasible, general protocol for quantum communication within a network via generalized remote preparation of an arbitrary $m$-qubit entangled state designed with genuine tripartite Greenberger--Horne--Zeilinger-type entangled resources. During the implementations, we construct novel collective unitary operations; these operations are tasked with performing the necessary phase transfers during remote state preparations. We have distilled our implementation methods into a five-step procedure, which can be used to faithfully recover the desired state during transfer. Compared to previous existing schemes, our methodology features a greatly increased success probability. After the consumption of auxiliary qubits and the performance of collective unitary operations, the probability of successful state transfer is increased four-fold and eight-fold for arbitrary two- and three-qubit entanglements when compared to other methods within the literature, respectively. We conclude this paper with a discussion of the presented scheme for state preparation, including: success probabilities, reducibility and generalizability.
Transport properties of dense dissipitive hard-sphere fluids for arbitrary energy loss models
James F. Lutsko
2005-03-17T23:59:59.000Z
The revised Enskog approximation for a fluid of hard spheres which lose energy upon collision is discussed for the case that the energy is lost from the normal component of the velocity at collision but is otherwise arbitrary. Granular fluids with a velocity-dependent coefficient of restitution are an important special case covered by this model. A normal solution to the Enskog equation is developed using the Chapman-Enskog expansion. The lowest order solution describes the general homogeneous cooling state and a generating function formalism is introduced for the determination of the distribution function. The first order solution, evaluated in the lowest Sonine approximation, provides estimates for the transport coefficients for the Navier-Stokes hydrodynamic description. All calculations are performed in an arbitrary number of dimensions.
Computational Diagnostics based on Large Scale Gene
Spang, Rainer
Computational Diagnostics based on Large Scale Gene Expression Profiles using MCMC Rainer Spang = Data Loadings Singular values Expression levels of super genes, orthogonal matrix #12;)( genessuperall- #12;Given the Few Profiles With Known Diagnosis: · The uncertainty on the right model is high
F. A. Barone; G. Flores-Hidalgo
2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we investigate the vacuum energies of several models of quantum fields interacting with static external currents (linear couplings) concentrated along parallel branes with an arbitrary number of codimensions. We show that we can simulate the presence of static charges distributions as well as the presence of classical static dipoles in any dimension for massive and massless fields. We also show that we can produce confining potentials with massless self interacting scalar fields as well as long range anisotropic potentials.
Heisenberg scaling in relativistic quantum metrology
Friis, Nicolai; Fuentes, Ivette; Dür, Wolfgang
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We address the issue of precisely estimating small parameters encoded in a general linear transformation of the modes of a bosonic quantum field. Such Bogoliubov transformations frequently appear in the context of quantum optics. We provide a recipe for computing the quantum Fisher information for arbitrary pure initial states. We show that the maximally achievable precision of estimation is inversely proportional to the squared average particle number, and that such Heisenberg scaling requires non-classical, but not necessarily entangled states. Our method further allows to quantify losses in precision arising from being able to monitor only finitely many modes, for which we identify a lower bound.
Hong Luo; Luqing Luo; Robert Nourgaliev; Vincent A. Mousseau
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A reconstruction-based discontinuous Galerkin (RDG) method is presented for the solution of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations on arbitrary grids. The RDG method, originally developed for the compressible Euler equations, is extended to discretize viscous and heat fluxes in the Navier-Stokes equations using a so-called inter-cell reconstruction, where a smooth solution is locally reconstructed using a least-squares method from the underlying discontinuous DG solution. Similar to the recovery-based DG (rDG) methods, this reconstructed DG method eliminates the introduction of ad hoc penalty or coupling terms commonly found in traditional DG methods. Unlike rDG methods, this RDG method does not need to judiciously choose a proper form of a recovered polynomial, thus is simple, flexible, and robust, and can be used on arbitrary grids. The developed RDG method is used to compute a variety of flow problems on arbitrary meshes to demonstrate its accuracy, efficiency, robustness, and versatility. The numerical results indicate that this RDG method is able to deliver the same accuracy as the well-known Bassi-Rebay II scheme, at a half of its computing costs for the discretization of the viscous fluxes in the Navier-Stokes equations, clearly demonstrating its superior performance over the existing DG methods for solving the compressible Navier-Stokes equations.
Jeremiah W. Murphy; Adam Burrows
2008-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we describe a new hydrodynamics code for 1D and 2D astrophysical simulations, BETHE-hydro, that uses time-dependent, arbitrary, unstructured grids. The core of the hydrodynamics algorithm is an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) approach, in which the gradient and divergence operators are made compatible using the support-operator method. We present 1D and 2D gravity solvers that are finite differenced using the support-operator technique, and the resulting system of linear equations are solved using the tridiagonal method for 1D simulations and an iterative multigrid-preconditioned conjugate-gradient method for 2D simulations. Rotational terms are included for 2D calculations using cylindrical coordinates. We document an incompatibility between a subcell pressure algorithm to suppress hourglass motions and the subcell remapping algorithm and present a modified subcell pressure scheme that avoids this problem. Strengths of this code include a straightforward structure, enabling simple inclusion of additional physics packages, the ability to use a general equation of state, and most importantly, the ability to solve self-gravitating hydrodynamic flows on time-dependent, arbitrary grids. In what follows, we describe in detail the numerical techniques employed and, with a large suite of tests, demonstrate that BETHE-hydro finds accurate solutions with 2$^{nd}$-order convergence.
Experiments in expression recognition
Skelley, James P. (James Paul)
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Despite the significant effort devoted to methods for expression recognition, suitable training and test databases designed explicitly for expression research have been largely neglected. Additionally, possible techniques ...
Reversing the weak measurement of an arbitrary field with finite photon number
Sun, Qingqing; Al-Amri, M.; Zubairy, M. Suhail.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
phase qubit was performed. A general procedure for N-dimensional sys- tem was also proposed in #3;12#4;, which requires 2N steps. An important question remains: can we reverse a multidi- mensional state in a simpler way? In Sec. II, we address... is the conclusion. II. SCHEMES The state of interest is an arbitrary cavity field with finite photon number #5;n,m=0nmax #1;nm#6;n#7;#8;m#6;, which is continuously monitored by an ideal photon detector outside. If there is no click, the field evolves into #5;n...
Predictive wavefront control for Adaptive Optics with arbitrary control loop delays
Poyneer, L A; Veran, J
2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
We present a modification of the closed-loop state space model for AO control which allows delays that are a non-integer multiple of the system frame rate. We derive the new forms of the Predictive Fourier Control Kalman filters for arbitrary delays and show that they are linear combinations of the whole-frame delay terms. This structure of the controller is independent of the delay. System stability margins and residual error variance both transition gracefully between integer-frame delays.
On the Motion of Free Material Test Particles in Arbitrary Spatial Flows
Tom Martin
1999-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
We show how the motion of free material test particles in arbitrary spatial flows is easily determined within the context of ordinary vector calculus. This may be useful for everyone, including engineers and other non-specialists, when thinking about gravitational problems. It already has valid application to simple problems such as the problems of motion in rotating and accelerating frames and to the gravitational problem of the single spherically symmetric attractor. When applied to the two body gravitational problem, it may help us determine the actual direction of the flow.
Remote preparation of arbitrary time-encoded single-photon ebits
Alessandro Zavatta; Milena D'Angelo; Valentina Parigi; Marco Bellini
2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose and experimentally verify a novel method for the remote preparation of entangled bits (ebits) made of a single-photon coherently delocalized in two well-separated temporal modes. The proposed scheme represents a remotely tunable source for tailoring arbitrary ebits, whether maximally or non-maximally entangled, which is highly desirable for applications in quantum information technology. The remotely prepared ebit is studied by performing homodyne tomography with an ultra-fast balanced homodyne detection scheme recently developed in our laboratory.
M. Ángeles García-Ferrero; David Gómez-Ullate
2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
The work of Adler provides necessary and sufficient conditions for the Wronskian of a given sequence of eigenfunctions of Schr\\"odinger's equation to have constant sign in its domain of definition. We extend this result by giving explicit formulas for the number of real zeros of the Wronskian of an arbitrary sequence of eigenfunctions. Our results apply in particular to Wronskians of classical orthogonal polynomials, thus generalizing classical results by Karlin and Szeg\\H{o}. Our formulas hold under very mild conditions that are believed to hold for generic values of the parameters. In the Hermite case, our results allow to prove some conjectures recently formulated by Felder et al.
Lower Bound of Concurrence and Distillation for Arbitrary Dimensional Bipartite Quantum States
Zhao, Ming-Jing; Fei, Shao-Ming; Li-Jost, Xianqing; 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.062322
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a lower bound of concurrence for arbitrary dimensional bipartite quantum states. This lower bound may be used to improve all the known lower bounds of concurrence. Moreover, the lower bound gives rise to an operational sufficient criterion of distillability of quantum entanglement. The significance of our result is illustrated by quantitative evaluation of entanglement for entangled states that fail to be identified by the usual concurrence estimation method, and by showing the distillability of mixed states that can not be recognized by other distillability criteria.
Lower Bound of Concurrence and Distillation for Arbitrary Dimensional Bipartite Quantum States
Ming-Jing Zhao; Xue-Na Zhu; Shao-Ming Fei; Xianqing Li-Jost
2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z
We present a lower bound of concurrence for arbitrary dimensional bipartite quantum states. This lower bound may be used to improve all the known lower bounds of concurrence. Moreover, the lower bound gives rise to an operational sufficient criterion of distillability of quantum entanglement. The significance of our result is illustrated by quantitative evaluation of entanglement for entangled states that fail to be identified by the usual concurrence estimation method, and by showing the distillability of mixed states that can not be recognized by other distillability criteria.
U-110: Samba Bug Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code | Department of
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal Energy Program GrantState Energy LoanFor the Topic A03DOEInjuryPrivileges |ArbitraryImpact
Study of stopping power for a proton moving in a plasma with arbitrary degeneracy
Zhang, Ya; Song, Yuan-Hong; Wang, You-Nian [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Excitation of bulk solid electrons with arbitrary degeneracy, by external charged particles, is investigated by a two-dimensional nonlinear quantum hydrodynamic (QHD) model. The nonlinear stopping power and wake potential are calculated by solving the nonlinear QHD equations with the flux corrected transport numerical method. Two cases of fully degenerated and partially degenerated electrons are compared and discussed in the same self-consistent QHD model. Our results are consistent with the well known dielectric calculation of the stopping power at higher velocity, but include the nonlinear terms of the interactions and give larger stopping power at smaller velocity.
Robust Dynamical Decoupling for Arbitrary Quantum States of a Single NV Center in Diamond
J. H. Shim; I. Niemeyer; J. Zhang; D. Suter
2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
Dynamical decoupling is a powerful technique for extending the coherence time (T$_2$) of qubits. We apply this technique to the electron spin qubit of a single nitrogen-vacancy center in type IIa diamond. In a crystal with natural abundance of $^{13}$C nuclear spins, we extend the decoherence time up to 2.2 ms. This is close to the T$_1$ value of this NV center (4 ms). Since dynamical decoupling must perform well for arbitrary initial conditions, we measured the dependence on the initial state and compared the performance of different sequences with respect to initial state dependence and robustness to experimental imperfections.
Battistel, O. A. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97119-900 Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil); Dallabona, G. [Departamento de Ciencias Exatas, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Cx. Postal 37, 37200-000, Lavras, Minas Gerais (Brazil)
2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
The predictive power of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model is considered in the light of a novel strategy to handle the divergences typical of perturbative calculations. The referred calculational strategy eliminates unphysical dependencies on the arbitrary choices for the routing of internal momenta and symmetry violating terms. In the present work we extend a previous one on the same issue by including vector interactions and performing the discussion in a more general context: the role of scale arbitrariness for the consistency of the calculations is considered. We show that the imposition of arbitrary scale independence for the consistent regularized amplitudes lead to additional properties for the irreducible divergent objects. These properties allow us to parametrize the remaining freedom in terms of a unique constant where resides all the arbitrariness involved. By searching for the best value for the arbitrary parameter we find a critical condition for the existence of an acceptable physical value for the dynamically generated quark mass. Such critical condition fixes the remaining arbitrariness turning the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio into a predictive model in the sense that its phenomenological consequences do not depend on possible choices made in intermediary steps. Numerical results are obtained for physical quantities like the vector and axial-vector masses and their coupling constants as genuine predictions.
Baluev, Roman V
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present an attempt to improve models of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect by relaxing several restrictive assumptions. For our main model of the Doppler anomaly, we consider the entire multiline stellar spectrum rather than just a single line, use no assumptions about the shape of the lines profiles, and allow arbitrary size ratio for the star and its eclipser. However, we neglect the effect of macro-turbulence and differential rotation. We construct our model as a power series in the stellar rotation velocity, $V\\sin i$, giving a closed set of analytic formulae for up to three terms, and assuming quadratic limb-darkening law. We consider three major approaches of determining the Doppler shift: cross-correlation with a predefined template, cross-correlation with an out-of-transit stellar spectrum, and parametric modelling of the spectrum. We reveal that the Doppler anomaly has an additional first-order (in $V\\sin i$) correction term, while previous works primarily deal with only a second-order correction. Thi...
Hong Luo; Hanping Xiao; Robert Nourgaliev; Chunpei Cai
2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
A comparative study of different reconstruction schemes for a reconstruction-based discontinuous Galerkin, termed RDG(P1P2) method is performed for compressible flow problems on arbitrary grids. The RDG method is designed to enhance the accuracy of the discontinuous Galerkin method by increasing the order of the underlying polynomial solution via a reconstruction scheme commonly used in the finite volume method. Both Green-Gauss and least-squares reconstruction methods and a least-squares recovery method are implemented to obtain a quadratic polynomial representation of the underlying discontinuous Galerkin linear polynomial solution on each cell. These three reconstruction/recovery methods are compared for a variety of compressible flow problems on arbitrary meshes to access their accuracy and robustness. The numerical results demonstrate that all three reconstruction methods can significantly improve the accuracy of the underlying second-order DG method, although the least-squares reconstruction method provides the best performance in terms of both accuracy and robustness.
WENO schemes on arbitrary unstructured meshes for laminar, transitional and turbulent flows
Tsoutsanis, Panagiotis, E-mail: panagiotis.tsoutsanis@cranfield.ac.uk; Antoniadis, Antonios Foivos, E-mail: a.f.antoniadis@cranfield.ac.uk; Drikakis, Dimitris, E-mail: d.drikakis@cranfield.ac.uk
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents the development and implementation of weighted-essentially-non-oscillatory (WENO) schemes for viscous flows on arbitrary unstructured grids. WENO schemes up to fifth-order accurate have been implemented in conjunction with hybrid and non-hybrid unstructured grids. The schemes are investigated with reference to numerical and experimental results for the Taylor–Green vortex, as well as for laminar and turbulent flows around a sphere, and the turbulent shock-wave boundary layer interaction flow problem. The results show that the accuracy of the schemes depends on the arbitrariness of shape and orientation of the unstructured mesh elements, as well as the compactness of directional stencils. The WENO schemes provide a more accurate numerical framework compared to second-order and third-order total variation diminishing (TVD) methods, however, the fifth-order version of the schemes is computationally too expensive to make the schemes practically usable. On the other hand, the third-order variant offers an excellent numerical framework in terms of accuracy and computational cost compared to the fifth-order WENO and second-order TVD schemes. Parallelisation of the CFD code (henceforth labelled as UCNS3D), where the schemes have been implemented, shows that the present methods offer very good scalable performance.
High expression Zymomonas promoters
Viitanen, Paul V. (West Chester, PA); Tao, Luan (Havertown, PA); Zhang, Yuying (New Hope, PA); Caimi, Perry G. (Kennett Square, PA); McCole, Laura (East Fallowfield, PA): Zhang, Min (Lakewood, CO); Chou, Yat-Chen (Lakewood, CO); McCutchen, Carol M. (Wilmington, DE); Franden, Mary Ann (Centennial, CO)
2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z
Identified are mutants of the promoter of the Z. mobilis glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene, which direct improved expression levels of operably linked heterologous nucleic acids. These are high expression promoters useful for expression of chimeric genes in Zymomonas, Zymobacter, and other related bacteria.
Cédric Lorcé
2009-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
In a set of two papers, we propose to study an old-standing problem, namely the electromagnetic interaction for particles of arbitrary spin. Based on the assumption that light-cone helicity at tree level and $Q^2=0$ should be conserved non-trivially by the electromagnetic interaction, we are able to derive \\emph{all} the natural electromagnetic moments for a pointlike particle of \\emph{any} spin. In this first paper, we propose a transparent decomposition of the electromagnetic current in terms of covariant vertex functions. We also define in a general way the electromagnetic multipole form factors, and show their relation with the electromagnetic moments. Finally, by considering the Breit frame, we relate the covariant vertex functions to multipole form factors.
Two-particle multichannel systems in a finite volume with arbitrary spin
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Briceno, Raul A. [JLAB
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The quantization condition for two-particle systems with arbitrary number of two-body open coupled channels, spin and masses in a finite cubic volume with either periodic or twisted boundary conditions is presented. The condition presented is in agreement with all previous studies of two-body systems in a finite volume. The result is relativistic, holds for all momenta below the three- and four-particle thresholds, and is exact up to exponential volume corrections that are governed by L/r, where L is the spatial extent of the volume and r is the range of the interactions between the particles. For hadronic systems the range of the interaction is set by the inverse of the pion mass, m?, and as a result the formalism presented is suitable for m?L>>1. Implications of the formalism for the studies of multichannel baryon-baryon systems are discussed.
Two-particle multichannel systems in a finite volume with arbitrary spin
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Briceno, Raul A.
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The quantization condition for two-particle systems with arbitrary number of two-body open coupled channels, spin and masses in a finite cubic volume with either periodic or twisted boundary conditions is presented. The condition presented is in agreement with all previous studies of two-body systems in a finite volume. The result is relativistic, holds for all momenta below the three- and four-particle thresholds, and is exact up to exponential volume corrections that are governed by L/r, where L is the spatial extent of the volume and r is the range of the interactions between the particles. For hadronic systems the rangemore »of the interaction is set by the inverse of the pion mass, m?, and as a result the formalism presented is suitable for m?L>>1. Implications of the formalism for the studies of multichannel baryon-baryon systems are discussed.« less
How the diffusivity profile reduces the arbitrariness of protein folding free energies
Hinczewski, Michael; Dzubiella, Joachim; Netz, Roland R
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The concept of a protein diffusing in its free energy folding landscape has been fruitful for both theory and experiment. Yet the choice of the reaction coordinate (RC) introduces an undesirable degree of arbitrariness into the problem. We analyze extensive simulation data of an alpha-helix in explicit water solvent as it stochastically folds and unfolds. The free energy profiles for different RCs exhibit significant variation, some having an activation barrier, others not. We show that this variation has little effect on the predicted folding kinetics if the diffusivity profiles are properly taken into account. This kinetic quasi-universality is rationalized by an RC rescaling, which, due to the reparameterization invariance of the Fokker-Planck equation, allows the combination of free energy and diffusivity effects into a single function, the rescaled free energy profile. This rescaled free energy indeed shows less variation among different RCs than the bare free energy and diffusivity profiles separately d...
Morrow, Thomas B. (San Antonio, TX); Behring, II, Kendricks A. (Gilbert, AZ)
2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
A computer product for determining thermodynamic properties of a natural gas hydrocarbon, when the speed of sound in the gas is known at an arbitrary temperature and pressure. Thus, the known parameters are the sound speed, temperature, pressure, and concentrations of any dilute components of the gas. The method uses a set of reference gases and their calculated density and speed of sound values to estimate the density of the subject gas. Additional calculations can be made to estimate the molecular weight of the subject gas, which can then be used as the basis for mass flow calculations, to determine the speed of sound at standard pressure and temperature, and to determine various thermophysical characteristics of the gas.
Universal method for the synthesis of arbitrary polarization states radiated by a nanoantenna
Rodriguez-Fortuno, Francisco J; Griol, Amadeu; Bellieres, Laurent; Marti, Javier; Martinez, Alejandro
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Optical nanoantennas efficiently convert confined optical energy into free-space radiation. The polarization of the emitted radiation depends mainly on nanoantenna shape, so it becomes extremely difficult to manipulate it unless the nanostructure is physically altered. Here we demonstrate a simple way to synthetize the polarization of the radiation emitted by a single nanoantenna so that every point on the Poincar\\'e sphere becomes attainable. The nanoantenna consists of a single scatterer created on a dielectric waveguide and fed from its both sides so that the polarization of the emitted optical radiation is controlled by the amplitude and phase of the feeding signals. Our nanoantenna is created on a silicon chip using standard top-down nanofabrication tools, but the method is universal and can be applied to other materials, wavelengths and technologies. This work will open the way towards the synthesis and control of arbitrary polarization states in nano-optics.
L. W. Yeh; G. T. Chen; H. K. Chang
2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
To derive physical properties of the neutron star surface with observed spectra, a realistic model spectrum of neutron star surface emission is essential. Limited by computing resources, a full computation of the radiative transfer equations without the diffusion approximation has been conducted up to date only for the case of local magnetic fields being perpendicular to the stellar surface. In this paper we report the full-computation result for an arbitrary field direction. For comparison we also compute the radiative transfer equation using the diffusion approximation. For a given effective temperature, the computed spectrum with the diffusion approximation is always softer than that of a full computation at a non-negligible level. It leads to an over-estimate of the effective temperature if the diffusion approximation spectrum is employed in the spectral fitting. Other characteristics for different magnetic field orientations, such as the beaming pattern of the two polarization modes and the structure of the atmosphere, are also discussed.
Quantum Otto engine with a spin $1/2$ coupled to an arbitrary spin
Ferdi Altintas; Özgür E. Müstecapl?o?lu
2015-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate a quantum heat engine with a working substance of two particles, one with a spin $1/2$ and the other with an arbitrary spin (spin $s$), coupled by Heisenberg exchange interaction, and subject to an external magnetic field. The engine operates in a quantum Otto cycle. Work harvested in the cycle and its efficiency are calculated using quantum thermodynamical definitions. It is found that the engine has higher efficiencies at higher spins and can harvest work at higher exchange interaction strengths. The role of exchange coupling and spin $s$ on the work output and the thermal efficiency is studied in detail. In addition, the engine operation is analyzed from the perspective of local work and efficiency. The local work definition is generalized for the global changes and the conditions when the global work can be equal or more than the sum of the local works are determined.
On witnessing arbitrary bipartite entanglement in a measurement device independent way
Arindam Mallick; Sibasish Ghosh
2015-06-12T23:59:59.000Z
Experimental detection of entanglement of an arbitrary state of a given bipartite system is crucial for exploring many areas of quantum information, and even to judge the quality of entanglement producing source. We combine here the ideas of Branciard et al.'s measurement device independent protocol \\cite{Gisin-mdiew} and Augusiak et al.'s universal entanglement witness scheme for two-qubit case \\cite{augusiak}, and aim at generalizing it for the case of two-qudits. We provide a set of universal witness operators to check NPT-ness (negative under partial transpose) of two-qudit states in a measurement device independent way. We conjecture that no such entanglement witness exists for PPT (positive under partial transpose) entangled states. We also analyze the robustness of a entanglement witnessing process in the presence of noise in the inputs as well as in the measurement operators.
On the potential energy in a gravitationally bound two-body system with arbitrary mass distribution
Wilhelm, K
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The potential energy problem in a gravitationally bound two-body system has recently been studied in the framework of a proposed impact model of gravitation (Wilhelm and Dwivedi 2015). The result was applied to the free fall of the so-called Mintrop--Ball in G\\"ottingen with the implicit assumption that the mass distribution of the system is extremely unbalanced. An attempt to generalize the study to arbitrary mass distributions indicated a conflict with the energy conservation law in a closed system. This necessitated us to reconsider an earlier assumption made in selecting a specific process out of two options (Wilhelm et al. 2013). With the result obtained here we can now make an educated selection and reverse our choice. The consequences are presented and discussed in detail for several processes. Energy and momentum conservation could now be demonstrated in all cases.
Scattering of electromagnetic waves by small impedance particles of an arbitrary shape
Ramm, Alexander G
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An explicit formula is derived for the electromagnetic (EM) field scattered by one small impedance particle $D$ of an arbitrary shape. If $a$ is the characteristic size of the particle, $\\lambda$ is the wavelength, $a> O(a^3)$ as $a\\to 0$ when $\\lambda$ is fixed and $\\zeta$ does not depend on $a$. Thus, $|E_{sc}|$ is much larger than the classical value $O(a^3)$ for the field scattered by a small particle. It is proved that the effective field in the medium, in which many small particles are embedded, has a limit as $a\\to 0$ and the number $M=M(a)$ of the particles tends to $\\infty$ at a suitable rate. Thislimit solves a linear integral equation. The refraction coefficient of the limiting medium is calculated analytically. This yields a recipe for creating materials with a desired refraction coefficient.
On Thermodynamics of AdS Black Holes in Arbitrary Dimensions
A. Belhaj; M. Chabab; H. El Moumni; M. B. Sedra
2012-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
Considering the cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ as a thermodynamic pressure and its conjugate quantity as a thermodynamic volume as proposed in Kubiznak and Mann (2012), we discuss the critical behavior of charged AdS black hole in arbitrary dimensions $d$. In particular, we present a comparative study in terms of the spacetime dimension $d$ and the displacement of critical points controlling the transition between the small and the large black holes. Such behaviors vary nicely in terms of $d$. Among our result in this context consists in showing that the equation of state for a charged RN-AdS black hole predicts an universal number given by $\\frac{2d-5}{4d-8}$. The three dimensional solution is also discussed.
On the potential energy in a gravitationally bound two-body system with arbitrary mass distribution
K. Wilhelm; B. N. Dwivedi
2015-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
The potential energy problem in a gravitationally bound two-body system has recently been studied in the framework of a proposed impact model of gravitation (Wilhelm and Dwivedi 2015). The result was applied to the free fall of the so-called Mintrop--Ball in G\\"ottingen with the implicit assumption that the mass distribution of the system is extremely unbalanced. An attempt to generalize the study to arbitrary mass distributions indicated a conflict with the energy conservation law in a closed system. This necessitated us to reconsider an earlier assumption made in selecting a specific process out of two options (Wilhelm et al. 2013). With the result obtained here we can now make an educated selection and reverse our choice. The consequences are presented and discussed in detail for several processes. Energy and momentum conservation could now be demonstrated in all cases.
Michel Zamboni-Rached; Erasmo Recami; Hugo E. Harnandez-Figueroa
2002-10-02T23:59:59.000Z
By a generalized bidirectional decomposition method, we obtain many new Superluminal localized solutions to the wave equation (for the electromagnetic case, in particular) which are suitable for arbitrary frequency bands; various of them being endowed with finite total energy. We construct, among the others, an infinite family of generalizations of the so-called "X-shaped" waves. [PACS nos.: 03.50.De; 41.20;Jb; 83.50.Vr; 62.30.+d; 43.60.+d; 91.30.Fn; 04.30.Nk; 42.25.Bs; 46.40.Cd; 52.35.Lv. Keywords: Wave equations; Wave propagation; Localized beams; Superluminal waves; Bidirectional decomposition; Bessel beams; X-shaped waves; Microwaves; Optics; Special relativity; Acoustics; Seismology; Mechanical waves; Elastic waves; Gravitational waves; Elementary particle physics].
Moshe Elitzur
1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
General solutions of the maser polarization problem are presented for arbitrary absorption coefficients. The results are used to calculate polarization for masers permeated by magnetic fields with arbitrary values of \\xB, the ratio of Zeeman splitting to Doppler linewidth, and for anisotropic pumping. The $\\xb \\to 0$ limit of the magnetic solution reproduces the linear polarization derived in previous studies, which were always conducted at this unphysical limit. While terms of higher order in \\xb\\ have a negligible effect on the magnitude of $q$, they produce some major new results. In particular, the linear polarization is accompanied by circular polarization, proportional to \\xb. Because \\xb\\ is proportional to the transition wavelength, the circular polarization of SiO masers should decrease with rotation quantum number, as observed. In the absence of theory for $\\xb < 1$, previous estimates of magnetic fields from detected maser circular polarization had to rely on conjectures in this case and generally need to be revised downward. The fields in SiO masers are \\about\\ 2--10 G and were overestimated by a factor of 8. The OH maser regions around supergiants have fields of \\about\\ 0.1--0.5 mG, which were overestimated by factors of 10--100. The fields were properly estimated for OH/IR masers ($\\la$ 0.1 mG) and \\H2O masers in star-forming regions (\\about\\ 15--50 mG). Spurious solutions that required stability analysis for their removal in all previous studies are never reproduced here; in particular, there are no stationary physical solutions for propagation at $\\sin^2\\theta < \\third$, where $\\theta$ is the angle from the direction of the magnetic field, so such radiation is unpolarized. These spurious solutions can be identified as the \\xb\\ = 0 limits of non-physical solutions and they never arise at finite
An Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian Discretization of MHD on 3D Unstructured Grids
Rieben, R N; White, D A; Wallin, B K; Solberg, J M
2006-06-12T23:59:59.000Z
We present an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) discretization of the equations of resistive magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) on unstructured hexahedral grids. The method is formulated using an operator-split approach with three distinct phases: electromagnetic diffusion, Lagrangian motion, and Eulerian advection. The resistive magnetic dynamo equation is discretized using a compatible mixed finite element method with a 2nd order accurate implicit time differencing scheme which preserves the divergence-free nature of the magnetic field. At each discrete time step, electromagnetic force and heat terms are calculated and coupled to the hydrodynamic equations to compute the Lagrangian motion of the conducting materials. By virtue of the compatible discretization method used, the invariants of Lagrangian MHD motion are preserved in a discrete sense. When the Lagrangian motion of the mesh causes significant distortion, that distortion is corrected with a relaxation of the mesh, followed by a 2nd order monotonic remap of the electromagnetic state variables. The remap is equivalent to Eulerian advection of the magnetic flux density with a fictitious mesh relaxation velocity. The magnetic advection is performed using a novel variant of constrained transport (CT) that is valid for unstructured hexahedral grids with arbitrary mesh velocities. The advection method maintains the divergence free nature of the magnetic field and is second order accurate in regions where the solution is sufficiently smooth. For regions in which the magnetic field is discontinuous (e.g. MHD shocks) the method is limited using a novel variant of algebraic flux correction (AFC) which is local extremum diminishing (LED) and divergence preserving. Finally, we verify each stage of the discretization via a set of numerical experiments.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
PROBLEM: Mozilla Firefox 'window.location' Bugs Permit Cross-Site Scripting Attacks and May Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code
Alexander G. Ramm; Martin Schechter
2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
A new proof is given of the existence of the solution to electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering problem for an impedance body of an arbitrary shape. The proof is based on the elliptic systems theory and elliptic estimates for the solutions of such systems.
Matrix elements of one-body and two-body operators between arbitrary HFB multi-quasiparticle states
Qing-Li Hu; Zao-Chun Gao; Y. S. Chen
2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z
We present new formulae for the matrix elements of one-body and two-body physical operators in compact forms, which are applicable to arbitrary Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov wave functions, including those for multi-quasiparticle excitations. The test calculations show that our formulae may substantially accelerate the process of symmetry restoration when applied to the heavy nuclear system.
Rajesh Kumar Yadav; Nisha Kumari; Avinash Khare; Bhabani Prasad Mandal
2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
Rationally extended shape invariant potentials in arbitrary D-dimensions are obtained by using point canonical transformation (PCT) method. The bound-state solutions of these exactly solvable potentials can be written in terms of X_m Laguerre or X_m Jacobi exceptional orthogonal polynomials. These potentials are isospectral to their usual counterparts and possess translationally shape invariance property.
Meyer, Tommie
Thomas Meyer Basic Infobase Change Abstract. Generalisations of theory change involving arbitrary these lines by Meyer et al. 15]. We take an infobase as a nite sequence of w s, with each element Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. #12;216 T. Meyer In this paper we propose a form
Kolner, Brian H.
Flexible-Bandwidth and Format-Agile Networking Based on Optical Arbitrary Waveform Generation-based transmitter and its application in flexible spectrum networks. (b) Experimental arrangement for the generation processing. Fig. 1(a) illustrates the concept of flexible spectrum generation of an OAWG-based terahertz
Samaras, Dimitris
of lighting conditions can be approxi- mated accurately by a 9 dimensional linear subspace. This led to faceFace Synthesis and Recognition from a Single Image under Arbitrary Unknown Lighting using that the set of images of a convex Lambertian object obtained under a wide variety of lighting conditions can
El Hassouni, A.; Oudrhiri-Safiani, E.G.; Saidi, E.H.
1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using nonlinear realization, extended supersymmetry breaking is studied. The N-extended Volkov--Akulov and standard superfields are constructed and the N generalized Wess constraints in the presence of central charges are given. The extended Volkov--Akulov Lagrangian and the N-extended effective Lagrangian are constructed for arbitrary N in the absence of central charges.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A remote user can create a specially crafted PDF file that, when loaded by the target user, will trigger a memory corruption error in the CoolType library and execute arbitrary code on the target system. The code will run with the privileges of the target user.
A 6 kV arbitrary waveform generator for the Tevatron Electron Lens
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Pfeffer, H.; Saewert, G.
2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reports on a 6 kV modulator built and installed at Fermilab to drive the electron gun anode for the Tevatron Electron Lens (TEL). The TEL was built with the intention of shifting the individual (anti)proton bunch tunes to even out the tune spread among all 36 bunches with the desire of improving Tevatron integrated luminosity. This modulator is essentially a 6 kV arbitrary waveform generator that enables the TEL to define the electron beam intensity on a bunch-by-bunch basis. A voltage waveform is constructed having a 7 {micro}s duration that corresponds to the tune shift requirements of amore »12-bunch (anti)proton beam pulse train. This waveform is played out for any one or all three bunch trains in the Tevatron. The programmed waveform voltages transition to different levels at time intervals corresponding to the 395 ns bunch spacing. Thus, complex voltage waveforms can be played out at a sustained rate of 143 kHz over the full 6 kV output range. This paper describes the novel design of the inductive adder topology employing five transformers. It describes the design aspects that minimize switching losses for this multi-kilovolt, high repetition rate and high duty factor application.« less
An Arbitrary Curvilinear Coordinate Method for Particle-In-Cell Modeling
Fichtl, C A; Cartwright, K L
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A new approach to the kinetic simulation of plasmas in complex geometries, based on the Particle-in- Cell (PIC) simulation method, is explored. In the two dimensional (2d) electrostatic version of our method, called the Arbitrary Curvilinear Coordinate PIC (ACC-PIC) method, all essential PIC operations are carried out in 2d on a uniform grid on the unit square logical domain, and mapped to a nonuniform boundary-fitted grid on the physical domain. As the resulting logical grid equations of motion are not separable, we have developed an extension of the semi-implicit Modified Leapfrog (ML) integration technique to preserve the symplectic nature of the logical grid particle mover. A generalized, curvilinear coordinate formulation of Poisson's equations to solve for the electrostatic fields on the uniform logical grid is also developed. By our formulation, we compute the plasma charge density on the logical grid based on the particles' positions on the logical domain. That is, the plasma particles are weighted to...
Dirac-Weyl fermions with arbitrary spin in two-dimensional optical superlattices
Z. Lan; N. Goldman; A. Bermudez; W. Lu; P. Ohberg
2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Dirac-Weyl fermions are massless relativistic particles with a well-defined helicity which arise in the context of high-energy physics. Here we propose a quantum simulation of these paradigmatic fermions using multicomponent ultracold atoms in a two-dimensional square optical lattice. We find that laser-assisted spin-dependent hopping, specifically tuned to the $(2s+1)$-dimensional representations of the $\\mathfrak{su}$(2) Lie algebra, directly leads to a regime where the emerging massless excitations correspond to Dirac-Weyl fermions with arbitrary pseudospin $s$. We show that this platform hosts two different phases: a semimetallic phase that occurs for half-integer $s$, and a metallic phase that contains a flat zero-energy band at integer $s$. These phases host a variety of interesting effects, such as a very rich anomalous quantum Hall effect and a remarkable multirefringent Klein tunneling. In addition we show that these effects are directly related to the number of underlying Dirac-Weyl species and zero modes.
A 6 kV arbitrary waveform generator for the Tevatron Electron Lens
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Pfeffer, H.; Saewert, G.
2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reports on a 6 kV modulator built and installed at Fermilab to drive the electron gun anode for the Tevatron Electron Lens (TEL). The TEL was built with the intention of shifting the individual (anti)proton bunch tunes to even out the tune spread among all 36 bunches with the desire of improving Tevatron integrated luminosity. This modulator is essentially a 6 kV arbitrary waveform generator that enables the TEL to define the electron beam intensity on a bunch-by-bunch basis. A voltage waveform is constructed having a 7 {micro}s duration that corresponds to the tune shift requirements of a 12-bunch (anti)proton beam pulse train. This waveform is played out for any one or all three bunch trains in the Tevatron. The programmed waveform voltages transition to different levels at time intervals corresponding to the 395 ns bunch spacing. Thus, complex voltage waveforms can be played out at a sustained rate of 143 kHz over the full 6 kV output range. This paper describes the novel design of the inductive adder topology employing five transformers. It describes the design aspects that minimize switching losses for this multi-kilovolt, high repetition rate and high duty factor application.
A point-centered arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian hydrodynamic approach for tetrahedral meshes
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Morgan, Nathaniel R.; Waltz, Jacob I.; Burton, Donald E.; Charest, Marc R.; Canfield, Thomas R.; Wohlbier, John G.
2015-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a three dimensional (3D) arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) hydrodynamic scheme suitable for modeling complex compressible flows on tetrahedral meshes. The new approach stores the conserved variables (mass, momentum, and total energy) at the nodes of the mesh and solves the conservation equations on a control volume surrounding the point. This type of an approach is termed a point-centered hydrodynamic (PCH) method. The conservation equations are discretized using an edge-based finite element (FE) approach with linear basis functions. All fluxes in the new approach are calculated at the center of each tetrahedron. A multidirectional Riemann-like problem is solved atmore »the center of the tetrahedron. The advective fluxes are calculated by solving a 1D Riemann problem on each face of the nodal control volume. A 2-stage Runge–Kutta method is used to evolve the solution forward in time, where the advective fluxes are part of the temporal integration. The mesh velocity is smoothed by solving a Laplacian equation. The details of the new ALE hydrodynamic scheme are discussed. Results from a range of numerical test problems are presented.« less
Rafael I. Nepomechie
2013-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
An inhomogeneous T-Q equation has recently been proposed by Cao, Yang, Shi and Wang for the open spin-1/2 XXX chain with general (nondiagonal) boundary terms. We argue that a simplified version of this equation describes all the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix of this model. We also propose a generating function for the inhomogeneous T-Q equations of arbitrary spin.
Nepomechie, Rafael I
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An inhomogeneous T-Q equation has recently been proposed by Cao, Yang, Shi and Wang for the open spin-1/2 XXX chain with general (nondiagonal) boundary terms. We argue that a simplified version of this equation describes all the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix of this model. We also propose a generating function for the inhomogeneous T-Q equations of arbitrary spin.
Scaling the Web Scaling Web Sites
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Scaling Web Sites Through Caching A large jump in a Web site's traffic may indi, pushing the site's through- put to its maximum point. When a Web site becomes overloaded, cus- tomers grow-generated revenue and may even tarnish the reputation of organizations relying on Web sites to support mission
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A potential security vulnerability has been identified with HP-UX OpenSSL. This vulnerability could be exploited remotely to execute arbitrary code or create a Denial of Service (DoS) or an authentication bypass.
Zhou, Chongwu
and photocatalysis. In this paper, we report synthesis of single-crystalline rutile phase TiO2 nanowires on arbitrary for photocatalysis and photovoltaics applications. The extraordinary oxidizing ability of photogenerated holes in Ti
Robot calibration without scaling
Ives, Thomas W.
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
methods. Scaling is a common way of improving the condition number for a matrix. Researchers in other fields have developed specific methods of scaling matrices to improve the condition number. However, robotics researchers have not specifically addressed...
Lower Bounds on Q for Finite Size Antennas of Arbitrary Shape
Kim, Oleksiy S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The problem of the lower bound on the radiation Q for an arbitrarily shaped finite size antenna of non-zero volume is formulated in terms of equivalent electric and magnetic currents densities distributed on a closed surface coinciding with antenna exterior surface. When these equivalent currents radiate in free space, the magnetic current augments the electric current, so that the fields interior to the surface vanish. In contrast to approaches based solely on electric currents, the proposed technique ensures no stored energy interior to the antenna exterior surface, and thus, allows the fundamental lower bound on Q to be determined. To facilitate the computation of the bound, new expressions for the stored energy, radiated power, and Q of coupled electric and magnetic source currents in free space are derived.
Winters, W.S.
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An overview of the computer code TOPAZ (Transient-One-Dimensional Pipe Flow Analyzer) is presented. TOPAZ models the flow of compressible and incompressible fluids through complex and arbitrary arrangements of pipes, valves, flow branches and vessels. Heat transfer to and from the fluid containment structures (i.e. vessel and pipe walls) can also be modeled. This document includes discussions of the fluid flow equations and containment heat conduction equations. The modeling philosophy, numerical integration technique, code architecture, and methods for generating the computational mesh are also discussed.
Sameer M. Ikhdair
2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
The bound state energies and wave functions for a particle exposed to the Hulth\\'en potential field in the D-dimensional space are obtained within the improved quantization rule for any arbitrary l state. The present approximation scheme used to deal with the centrifugal term in the effective Hulth\\'en potential is systematic and accurate. The solutions for the three-dimensional (D=3) case and the s-wave (l=0) case are briefly discussed. Keywords: Hulth\\'en potential, improved quantization rule, approximation schemes. 03.65.Ge, 12.39.Jh
Weekes, B.; Ewins, D. [University of Bristol, Queen's Building, University Walk, Bristol, BS8 1TR (United Kingdom); Acciavatti, F. [Universita' Politecnica Delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche 12, 60131 Ancona (Italy)
2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z
To date, differing implementations of continuous scan laser Doppler vibrometry have been demonstrated by various academic institutions, but since the scan paths were defined using step or sine functions from function generators, the paths were typically limited to 1D line scans or 2D areas such as raster paths or Lissajous trajectories. The excitation was previously often limited to a single frequency due to the specific signal processing performed to convert the scan data into an ODS. In this paper, a configuration of continuous-scan laser Doppler vibrometry is demonstrated which permits scanning of arbitrary areas, with the benefit of allowing multi-frequency/broadband excitation. Various means of generating scan paths to inspect arbitrary areas are discussed and demonstrated. Further, full 3D vibration capture is demonstrated by the addition of a range-finding facility to the described configuration, and iteratively relocating a single scanning laser head. Here, the range-finding facility was provided by a Microsoft Kinect, an inexpensive piece of consumer electronics.
Scheinker, Alexander [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Baily, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Young, Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Kolski, Jeffrey S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Prokop, Mark [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, an implementation of a recently developed model-independent adaptive control scheme, for tuning uncertain and time varying systems, is demonstrated on the Los Alamos linear particle accelerator. The main benefits of the algorithm are its simplicity, ability to handle an arbitrary number of components without increased complexity, and the approach is extremely robust to measurement noise, a property which is both analytically proven and demonstrated in the experiments performed. We report on the application of this algorithm for simultaneous tuning of two buncher radio frequency (RF) cavities, in order to maximize beam acceptance into the accelerating electromagnetic field cavities of the machine, with the tuning based only on a noisy measurement of the surviving beam current downstream from the two bunching cavities. The algorithm automatically responds to arbitrary phase shift of the cavity phases, automatically re-tuning the cavity settings and maximizing beam acceptance. Because it is model independent it can be utilized for continuous adaptation to time-variation of a large system, such as due to thermal drift, or damage to components, in which the remaining, functional components would be automatically re-tuned to compensate for the failing ones. We start by discussing the general model-independent adaptive scheme and how it may be digitally applied to a large class of multi-parameter uncertain systems, and then present our experimental results.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Scheinker, Alexander; Baily, Scott; Young, Daniel; Kolski, Jeffrey S.; Prokop, Mark
2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, an implementation of a recently developed model-independent adaptive control scheme, for tuning uncertain and time varying systems, is demonstrated on the Los Alamos linear particle accelerator. The main benefits of the algorithm are its simplicity, ability to handle an arbitrary number of components without increased complexity, and the approach is extremely robust to measurement noise, a property which is both analytically proven and demonstrated in the experiments performed. We report on the application of this algorithm for simultaneous tuning of two buncher radio frequency (RF) cavities, in order to maximize beam acceptance into the accelerating electromagnetic fieldmore »cavities of the machine, with the tuning based only on a noisy measurement of the surviving beam current downstream from the two bunching cavities. The algorithm automatically responds to arbitrary phase shift of the cavity phases, automatically re-tuning the cavity settings and maximizing beam acceptance. Because it is model independent it can be utilized for continuous adaptation to time-variation of a large system, such as due to thermal drift, or damage to components, in which the remaining, functional components would be automatically re-tuned to compensate for the failing ones. We start by discussing the general model-independent adaptive scheme and how it may be digitally applied to a large class of multi-parameter uncertain systems, and then present our experimental results.« less
ENTROPY PRODUCTION IN COLLISIONLESS SYSTEMS. II. ARBITRARY PHASE-SPACE OCCUPATION NUMBERS
Barnes, Eric I. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601 (United States); Williams, Liliya L. R., E-mail: barnes.eric@uwlax.edu, E-mail: llrw@astro.umn.edu [Minnesota Institue for Astrophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)
2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present an analysis of two thermodynamic techniques for determining equilibria of self-gravitating systems. One is the Lynden-Bell (LB) entropy maximization analysis that introduced violent relaxation. Since we do not use the Stirling approximation, which is invalid at small occupation numbers, our systems have finite mass, unlike LB's isothermal spheres. (Instead of Stirling, we utilize a very accurate smooth approximation for ln x{exclamation_point}.) The second analysis extends entropy production extremization to self-gravitating systems, also without the use of the Stirling approximation. In addition to the LB statistical family characterized by the exclusion principle in phase space, and designed to treat collisionless systems, we also apply the two approaches to the Maxwell-Boltzmann (MB) families, which have no exclusion principle and hence represent collisional systems. We implicitly assume that all of the phase space is equally accessible. We derive entropy production expressions for both families and give the extremum conditions for entropy production. Surprisingly, our analysis indicates that extremizing entropy production rate results in systems that have maximum entropy, in both LB and MB statistics. In other words, both thermodynamic approaches lead to the same equilibrium structures.
Cremaschini, Claudio [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste 34136 (Italy); Miller, John C. [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) and INFN, Trieste 34136, Italy and Department of Physics (Astrophysics), University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Tessarotto, Massimo [Department of Mathematics and Informatics, University of Trieste, Trieste 34127 (Italy)
2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
A kinetic treatment is developed for collisionless magnetized plasmas occurring in high-temperature, low-density astrophysical accretion disks, such as are thought to be present in some radiatively inefficient accretion flows onto black holes. Quasi-stationary configurations are investigated, within the framework of a Vlasov-Maxwell description. The plasma is taken to be axisymmetric and subject to the action of slowly time-varying gravitational and electromagnetic fields. The magnetic field is assumed to be characterized by a family of locally nested but open magnetic surfaces. The slow collisionless dynamics of these plasmas is investigated, yielding a reduced gyrokinetic Vlasov equation for the kinetic distribution function. For doing this, an asymptotic quasi-stationary solution is first determined, represented by a generalized bi-Maxwellian distribution expressed in terms of the relevant adiabatic invariants. The existence of the solution is shown to depend on having suitable kinetic constraints and conditions leading to particle trapping phenomena. With this solution, one can treat temperature anisotropy, toroidal and poloidal flow velocities, and finite Larmor-radius effects. An asymptotic expansion for the distribution function permits analytic evaluation of all the relevant fluid fields. Basic theoretical features of the solution and their astrophysical implications are discussed. As an application, the possibility of describing the dynamics of slowly time-varying accretion flows and the self-generation of magnetic field by means of a ''kinetic dynamo effect'' are discussed. Both effects are shown to be related to intrinsically kinetic physical mechanisms.
Silica Scaling Removal Process
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Center (505) 665-9090 Email Silica Scaling Removal Process Applications: Cooling tower systems Water treatment systems Water evaporation systems Potential mining...
Conradi, Albert F.
1906-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2. OFFIOB) o y STATE ENTOMOLOGIST COLLEGE STATION, (bmzh. so.) TEXAS. ? 3S7-807-10M TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS. BULLETIN No. 8 7 . THE SAN JOSE SCALE Inscticide and Spray Machine Laboratory, Department ot Entomology, A. and M... ....................................................................................................... 8 SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosusJ Comst.) With the rapid growth of the fruit industry in Texas and the occur? rence of the San Jose Scale within our borders, we are confronted with one of the gravest entomological problems. The Scale...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
of EMSL's Subsurface Flow and Transport Laboratory (SFTL) with a focus on coupled (multiphase) flow, diffusion, and reactions processes at the microscopic scale (m to cm) that...
Thermodynamics and scale relativity
Robert Carroll
2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown how the fractal paths of scale relativity (following Nottale) can be introduced into a thermodynamical context (following Asadov-Kechkin).
Gong, Shaogang
Gong Department of Computer Science, Queen Mary, University of London, E1 4NS, UK [lukas to synthesise existing sequences with different expressions during the speaking process. Gong et al.[8] used to incorporate expression changes under large pose and scale variations. As Gong et al.[8] point out, la
A microfluidic processor for gene expression profiling of single human embryonic stem cells
Quake, Stephen R.
A microfluidic processor for gene expression profiling of single human embryonic stem cells Jiang F and differentiation of individual cells. Here, we report a microfluidic approach that can extract total mRNA from. This feature makes large-scale single-cell gene expression profiling possible. Using this microfluidic device
Trapped ion scaling with pulsed fast gates
C. D. B. Bentley; A. R. R. Carvalho; J. J. Hope
2015-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
Fast entangling gates for trapped ions offer vastly improved gate operation times relative to implemented gates, as well as approaches to trap scaling. Gates on neighbouring ions only involve local ions when performed sufficiently fast, and we find that even a fast gate between distant ions with few degrees of freedom restores all the motional modes given more stringent gate speed conditions. We compare pulsed fast gate schemes, defined by a timescale faster than the trap period, and find that our proposed scheme has less stringent requirements on laser repetition rate for achieving arbitrary gate time targets and infidelities well below $10^{-4}$. By extending gate schemes to ion crystals, we explore the effect of ion number on gate fidelity for coupling neighbouring pairs of ions in large crystals. Inter-ion distance determines the gate time, and a factor of five increase in repetition rate, or correspondingly the laser power, reduces the infidelity by almost two orders of magnitude. We also apply our fast gate scheme to entangle the first and last ions in a crystal. As the number of ions in the crystal increases, significant increases in the laser power are required to provide the short gate times corresponding to fidelity above 0.99.
A quantum Otto engine with a spin-$1/2$ and an arbitrary spin coupled by Heisenberg exchange
Ferdi Altintas; Özgür E. Müstecapl?o?lu
2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate a quantum heat engine with a working substance of two particles, one with a spin-$1/2$ and the other with an arbitrary spin (spin-$s$), coupled by Heisenberg exchange interaction, and subject to an external magnetic field. The engine operates in a quantum Otto cycle. Work harvested in the cycle and its efficiency are calculated using quantum thermodynamical definitions. It is found that the engine has higher efficiencies at higher spin values and can harvest work at higher exchange interaction strengths.The role of exchange coupling and spin-$s$ on the work output and the thermal efficiency is studied in detail. In addition, the engine operation is analyzed from the perspective of local work and efficiency. The local work definition is generalized for the global changes and the conditions when the global work can be equal or more than the sum of the local works are determined.
Morrow, Thomas E. (San Antonio, TX); Behring, II, Kendricks A. (Gilbert, AZ)
2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
A method to determine thermodynamic properties of a natural gas hydrocarbon, when the speed of sound in the gas is known at an arbitrary temperature and pressure. Thus, the known parameters are the sound speed, temperature, pressure, and concentrations of any dilute components of the gas. The method uses a set of reference gases and their calculated density and speed of sound values to estimate the density of the subject gas. Additional calculations can be made to estimate the molecular weight of the subject gas, which can then be used as the basis for mass flow calculations, to determine the speed of sound at standard pressure and temperature, and to determine various thermophysical characteristics of the gas.
Oksala, M E; Krticka, J; Townsend, R H D; Wade, G A; Prvak, M; Mikulasek, Z; Silvester, J; Owocki, S P
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The initial success of the Rigidly Rotating Magnetosphere (RRM) model application to the B2Vp star sigma OriE by Townsend, Owocki & Groote (2005) triggered a renewed era of observational monitoring of this archetypal object. We utilize high-resolution spectropolarimetry and the magnetic Doppler imaging (MDI) technique to simultaneously determine the magnetic configuration, which is predominately dipolar, with a polar strength Bd = 7.3-7.8 kG and a smaller non-axisymmetric quadrupolar contribution, as well as the surface distribution of abundance of He, Fe, C, and Si. We describe a revised RRM model that now accepts an arbitrary surface magnetic field configuration, with the field topology from the MDI models used as input. The resulting synthetic Ha emission and broadband photometric observations generally agree with observations, however, several features are poorly fit. To explore the possibility of a photospheric contribution to the observed photometric variability, the MDI abundance maps were used to ...
J. Brian Pitts
2015-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
Einstein's equations were derived for a free massless spin-$2$ field using universal coupling in the 1950-70s by various authors; total stress-energy including gravity's served as a source for linear free field equations. A massive variant was likewise derived in the late 1960s by Freund, Maheshwari and Schonberg, and thought to be unique. How broad is universal coupling? In the last decade four $1$-parameter families of massive spin-$2$ theories (contravariant, covariant, tetrad, and cotetrad of almost any density weights) have been derived using universal coupling. The (co)tetrad derivations included 2 of the 3 pure spin-$2$ theories due to de Rham, Gabadadze, and Tolley; those two theories first appeared in the $2$-parameter Ogievetsky-Polubarinov family (1965), which developed the symmetric square root of the metric as a nonlinear group realization. One of the two theories was identified as pure spin-$2$ by Maheshwari in 1971-2, thus evading the Boulware-Deser-Tyutin-Fradkin ghost by the time it was announced. Unlike the previous 4 families, this paper permits _nonlinear_ field redefinitions to build the effective metric. By not insisting in advance on knowing the observable significance of the graviton potential to all orders, one finds that an _arbitrary_ graviton mass term can be derived using universal coupling. The arbitrariness of a universally coupled mass/self-interaction term contrasts sharply with the uniqueness of the Einstein kinetic term. One might have hoped to use universal coupling as a tie-breaking criterion for choosing among theories that are equally satisfactory on more crucial grounds (such as lacking ghosts and having a smooth massless limit). But the ubiquity of universal coupling implies that the criterion doesn't favor any particular theories among those with the Einstein kinetic term.
Conradi, Albert F.
1906-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
....................................................................................................... 8 SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosusJ Comst.) With the rapid growth of the fruit industry in Texas and the occur? rence of the San Jose Scale within our borders, we are confronted with one of the gravest entomological problems. The Scale... tissues are exposed for them to feed on. They become so crowded as to overlap, creating an ashy gray scurvy incrustation on the bark. They may occur on both sides of the leaf causing purplish, grayish or reddish discolorations on the young wood of peach...
Large scale disease prediction
Schmid, Patrick R. (Patrick Raphael)
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of this thesis is to present the foundation of an automated large-scale disease prediction system. Unlike previous work that has typically focused on a small self-contained dataset, we explore the possibility ...
Effective Equations for TwoPhase Flow with Trapping on the Micro Scale
Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit
) is small. To this end we consider a one dimensional flow of two immiscible and incom pressible phases on the pore scale. This is expressed by (1.4), where p c denotes the induced capillary pressure. In petroleum
Thermodynamics and Finite size scaling in Scalar Field Theory
Thermodynamics and Finite size scaling in Scalar Field Theory A thesis submitted to the Tata Research, Mumbai December 2008 #12;ii #12;Synopsis In this work we study the thermodynamics of an interacting 4 theory in 4 space- time dimensions. The expressions for the thermodynamic quantities are worked
Frequency-Selective Near-Field Radiative Heat Transfer between Photonic Crystal Slabs-selective near-field radiative heat transfer between patterned (photonic-crystal) slabs at designable frequencies and separations, exploiting a general numerical approach for computing heat transfer in arbitrary geometries
Dong, Li; Xiu, Xiao-Ming, E-mail: xiuxiaomingdl@126.com [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)] [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China); Ren, Yuan-Peng [Bohai University, Higher Professional Technical Institute (China)] [Bohai University, Higher Professional Technical Institute (China); Gao, Ya-Jun [Bohai University, College of Mathematics and Physics (China)] [Bohai University, College of Mathematics and Physics (China); Yi, X. X. [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)] [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)
2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a protocol transferring an arbitrary unknown two-qubit state using the quantum channel of a four-qubit genuine entangled state. Simplifying the four-qubit joint measurement to the combination of Bell-state measurements, it can be realized more easily with currently available technologies.
Jayaram, Bhyravabotla
J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 5113-5111 5773 Free Energy of Solvation, Interaction, and Binding in a continuum solvent. Background Attempts seeking analytical solutions to the hydration free energies solvation free energies of arbitrary charge distributions with an overall spherical symmetry. This theory
Wei Song; Long-Bao Yu; Da-Chuang Li; Ping Dong; Ming Yang; Zhuo-Liang Cao
2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the dynamics of geometric measure of quantum discord (GMQD) under the influences of two local phase damping noises. Consider the two qubits initially in arbitrary X states, we find the necessary and sufficient conditions for which GMQD are unaffected for a finite period. It is further shown that such results also hold for the non-Markovian dephasing process.
Method of controlling gene expression
Peters, Norman K. (Berkeley, CA); Frost, John W. (Menlo Park, CA); Long, Sharon R. (Palo Alto, CA)
1991-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
A method of controlling expression of a DNA segment under the control of a nod gene promoter which comprises administering to a host containing a nod gene promoter an amount sufficient to control expression of the DNA segment of a compound of the formula: ##STR1## in which each R is independently H or OH, is described.
J. R. Morris
2001-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
Generalized slow roll conditions and parameters are obtained for a general form of scalar-tensor theory (with no external sources), having arbitrary functions describing a nonminimal gravitational coupling F(\\phi), a Kahler-like kinetic function k(\\phi), and a scalar potential V(\\phi). These results are then used to analyze a simple toy model example of chaotic inflation with a single scalar field \\phi and a standard Higgs potential and a simple gravitational coupling function. In this type of model inflation can occur with inflaton field values at an intermediate scale of roughly 10^{11} GeV when the particle physics symmetry breaking scale is approximately 1 TeV, provided that the theory is realized within the Jordan frame. If the theory is realized in the Einstein frame, however, the intermediate scale inflation does not occur.
Schmidt, W; Niemeyer, J C
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a one-equation subgrid scale model that evolves the turbulence energy corresponding to unresolved velocity fluctuations in large eddy simulations. The model is derived in the context of the Germano consistent decomposition of the hydrodynamical equations. The eddy-viscosity closure for the rate of energy transfer from resolved toward subgrid scales is localised by means of a dynamical procedure for the computation of the closure parameter. Therefore, the subgrid scale model applies to arbitrary flow geometry and evolution. For the treatment of microscopic viscous dissipation a semi-statistical approach is used, and the gradient-diffusion hypothesis is adopted for turbulent transport. A priori tests of the localised eddy-viscosity closure and the gradient-diffusion closure are made by analysing data from direct numerical simulations. As an a posteriori testing case, the large eddy simulation of thermonuclear combustion in forced isotropic turbulence is discussed. We intend the formulation of the sub...
Nonlinear transforms of momenta and Planck scale limit
A. Chakrabarti
2003-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
Starting with the generators of the Poincar\\'e group for arbitrary mass (m) and spin (s) a nonunitary transformation is implemented to obtain momenta with an absolute Planck scale limit. In the rest frame (for $m>0$) the transformed energy coincides with the standard one, both being $m$. As the latter tends to infinity under Lorentz transformations the former tends to a finite upper limit $m\\coth(lm) = l^{-1}+ O(l)$ where $l$ is the Planck length and the mass-dependent nonleading terms vanish exactly for zero rest mass.The invariant $m^{2}$ is conserved for the transformed momenta. The speed of light continues to be the absolute scale for velocities. We study various aspects of the kinematics in which two absolute scales have been introduced in this specific fashion. Precession of polarization and transformed position operators are among them. A deformation of the Poincar\\'e algebra to the SO(4,1) deSitter one permits the implementation of our transformation in the latter case. A supersymmetric extension of the Poincar\\'e algebra is also studied in this context.
SCALING DEVIATIONS F O R NEUTRINO REACTIONS IN AYSMPTOTICALLY FREE FIELD THEORIES*
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million CubicRefiners SwitchBenefits Â»Department of2 Unlimited441]{'/cj (Arbitrary-OrderSCALING
An Efficient Format for Nearly Constant-Time Access to Arbitrary Time Intervals in Large Trace Files
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Chan, Anthony; Gropp, William; Lusk, Ewing
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A powerful method to aid in understanding the performance of parallel applications uses log or trace files containing time-stamped events and states (pairs of events). These trace files can be very large, often hundreds or even thousands of megabytes. Because of the cost of accessing and displaying such files, other methods are often used that reduce the size of the tracefiles at the cost of sacrificing detail or other information. This paper describes a hierarchical trace file format that provides for display of an arbitrary time window in a time independent of the total size of the file and roughlymore »proportional to the number of events within the time window. This format eliminates the need to sacrifice data to achieve a smaller trace file size (since storage is inexpensive, it is necessary only to make efficient use of bandwidth to that storage). The format can be used to organize a trace file or to create a separate file ofannotationsthat may be used with conventional trace files. We present an analysis of the time to access all of the events relevant to an interval of time and we describe experiments demonstrating the performance of this file format.« less
Mastrano, Alpha; Melatos, Andrew
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A recipe is presented to construct an analytic, self-consistent model of a non-barotropic neutron star with a poloidal-toroidal field of arbitrary multipole order, whose toroidal component is confined in a torus around the neutral curve inside the star, as in numerical simulations of twisted tori. The recipe takes advantage of magnetic-field-aligned coordinates to ensure continuity of the mass density at the surface of the torus. The density perturbation and ellipticity of such a star are calculated in general and for the special case of a mixed dipole-quadrupole field as a worked example. The calculation generalises previous work restricted to dipolar, poloidal-toroidal and multipolar, poloidal-only configurations. The results are applied, as an example, to magnetars whose observations (e.g., spectral features and pulse modulation) indicate that the internal magnetic fields may be at least one order of magnitude stronger than the external fields, as inferred from their spin downs, and are not purely dipolar.
E. Brezin; S. Hikami
1992-04-08T23:59:59.000Z
In the usual matrix-model approach to random discretized two-dimensional manifolds, one introduces n Ising spins on each cell, i.e. a discrete version of 2D quantum gravity coupled to matter with a central charge n/2. The matrix-model consists then of an integral over $2^{n}$ matrices, which we are unable to solve for $n>1$. However for a fixed genus we can expand in the cosmological constant g for arbitrary values of n, and a simple minded analysis of the series yields for n=0,1 and 2 the expected results for the exponent $\\gamma_{string}$ with an amazing precision given the small number of terms that we considered. We then proceed to larger values of n. Simple tests of universality are successfully applied; for instance we obtain the same exponents for n=3 or for one Ising model coupled to a one dimensional target space. The calculations are easily extended to states Potts models, through an integration over $q^{n}$ matrices. We see no sign of the tachyonic instability of the theory, but we have only considered genus zero at this stage.
Simple and Compact Expressions for Neutrino Oscillation Probabilities in Matter
Minakata, Hisakazu
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We reformulate perturbation theory for neutrino oscillations in matter with an expansion parameter related to the ratio of the solar to the atmospheric Delta m^2 scales. Unlike previous works, we use a renormalized basis in which certain first-order effects are taken into account in the zeroth-order Hamiltonian. Using this perturbation theory we derive extremely compact expressions for the neutrino oscillation probabilities in matter. We find, for example, that the $\
Asphaug, Erik; Jutzi, Martin
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Global scale impacts modify the physical or thermal state of a substantial fraction of a target asteroid. Specific effects include accretion, family formation, reshaping, mixing and layering, shock and frictional heating, fragmentation, material compaction, dilatation, stripping of mantle and crust, and seismic degradation. Deciphering the complicated record of global scale impacts, in asteroids and meteorites, will lead us to understand the original planet-forming process and its resultant populations, and their evolution in time as collisions became faster and fewer. We provide a brief overview of these ideas, and an introduction to models.
Jankowiak, Martin; Larkoski, Andrew J.; /SLAC
2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a jet shape observable defined for an ensemble of jets in terms of two-particle angular correlations and a resolution parameter R. This quantity is infrared and collinear safe and can be interpreted as a scaling exponent for the angular distribution of mass inside the jet. For small R it is close to the value 2 as a consequence of the approximately scale invariant QCD dynamics. For large R it is sensitive to non-perturbative effects. We describe the use of this correlation function for tests of QCD, for studying underlying event and pile-up effects, and for tuning Monte Carlo event generators.
U-058: Apache Struts Conversion Error OGNL Expression Injection...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
A vulnerability was reported in Apache Struts. A remote user can execute arbitrary commands on the target system. PLATFORM: Apache Struts 2.x ABSTRACT: Apache Struts Conversion...
A Protocol for the Atomic Capture of Multiple Molecules on Large Scale Platforms
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
A Protocol for the Atomic Capture of Multiple Molecules on Large Scale Platforms Marin Bertier services. Envi- sioned over largely distributed and highly dynamic platforms, expressing this coordination coordination of services. However, the execution of such programs over large scale platforms raises several
Arbitrary Function Generator LSN-
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
within the injector synchrotron cycle: 1) injection timing signal is sent to the microprocessor for synchronization, 2) the UGCG is programmed with new DC bias data, and 3)...
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Web Server Software Architectures W eb site scalability depends on several things -- workload characteristics,1 security mechanisms,2 Web cluster architectures3 -- as I've discussed in previous issues. Another important item that can affect a site's performance and scalability is the Web
Jiajuan Liang; Peter Bentler
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The model can be expressed as ( Vgi 9i v v w i t h the basicis given by 5 V = cov I \\Vgi I , J S I , w and the between-value v . g g YgO q+(N Vgi N g Under the basic assumptions B
Collective systems for creative expression
Ar?kan, Harun Burak
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis defines collective systems as a unique category of creative expression through the procedures of micro and macro cycles that address the transition from connectivity to collectivity. This thesis discusses the ...
Chad R. Galley; Bei-Lok Hu
2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new analytical framework for describing the dynamics of a gravitational binary system with unequal masses moving with arbitrary relative velocity, taking into account the backreaction from both compact objects in the form of tidal deformation, gravitational waves and self forces. Allowing all dynamical variables to interact with each other in a self-consistent manner this formalism ensures that all the dynamical quantities involved are conserved on the background spacetime and obey the gauge invariance under general coordinate transformations that preserve the background geometry. Because it is based on a generalized perturbation theory and the important new emphasis is on the self-consistency of all the dynamical variables involved we call it a gravitational perturbation theory with self-consistent backreaction (GP-SCB). As an illustration of how this formalism is implemented we construct perturbatively a self-consistent set of equations of motion for an inspiraling gravitational binary, which does not require extra assumptions such as slow motion, weak-field or small mass ratio for its formulation. This case should encompass the inspiral and possibly the plunge and merger phases of binaries with otherwise general parameters (e.g., mass ratio and relative velocity) though more investigation is needed to substantiate it. In the second part, we discuss how the mass ratio can be treated as a perturbation parameter in the post-Newtonian effective field theory (PN-EFT) approach, thus extending the work of Goldberger and Rothstein for equal mass binaries to variable mass ratios. We provide rough estimates for the higher post-Newtonian orders needed to determine the number of gravitational wave cycles, with a specified precision, that fall into a detector's bandwidth.
F. Bosi; D. Misseroni; F. Dal Corso; D. Bigoni
2015-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
The concept of 'deformable arm scale' (completely different from a traditional rigid arm balance) is theoretically introduced and experimentally validated. The idea is not intuitive, but is the result of nonlinear equilibrium kinematics of rods inducing configurational forces, so that deflection of the arms becomes necessary for the equilibrium, which would be impossible for a rigid system. In particular, the rigid arms of usual scales are replaced by a flexible elastic lamina, free of sliding in a frictionless and inclined sliding sleeve, which can reach a unique equilibrium configuration when two vertical dead loads are applied. Prototypes realized to demonstrate the feasibility of the system show a high accuracy in the measure of load within a certain range of use. It is finally shown that the presented results are strongly related to snaking of confined beams, with implications on locomotion of serpents, plumbing, and smart oil drilling.
Bosi, F; Corso, F Dal; Bigoni, D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The concept of 'deformable arm scale' (completely different from a traditional rigid arm balance) is theoretically introduced and experimentally validated. The idea is not intuitive, but is the result of nonlinear equilibrium kinematics of rods inducing configurational forces, so that deflection of the arms becomes necessary for the equilibrium, which would be impossible for a rigid system. In particular, the rigid arms of usual scales are replaced by a flexible elastic lamina, free of sliding in a frictionless and inclined sliding sleeve, which can reach a unique equilibrium configuration when two vertical dead loads are applied. Prototypes realized to demonstrate the feasibility of the system show a high accuracy in the measure of load within a certain range of use. It is finally shown that the presented results are strongly related to snaking of confined beams, with implications on locomotion of serpents, plumbing, and smart oil drilling.
Supergranulation Scale Connection Simulations
R. F. Stein; A. Nordlund; D. Georgobiani; D. Benson; W. Schaffenberger
2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Results of realistic simulations of solar surface convection on the scale of supergranules (96 Mm wide by 20 Mm deep) are presented. The simulations cover only 10% of the geometric depth of the solar convection zone, but half its pressure scale heights. They include the hydrogen, first and most of the second helium ionization zones. The horizontal velocity spectrum is a power law and the horizontal size of the dominant convective cells increases with increasing depth. Convection is driven by buoyancy work which is largest close to the surface, but significant over the entire domain. Close to the surface buoyancy driving is balanced by the divergence of the kinetic energy flux, but deeper down it is balanced by dissipation. The damping length of the turbulent kinetic energy is 4 pressure scale heights. The mass mixing length is 1.8 scale heights. Two thirds of the area is upflowing fluid except very close to the surface. The internal (ionization) energy flux is the largest contributor to the convective flux for temperatures less than 40,000 K and the thermal energy flux is the largest contributor at higher temperatures. This data set is useful for validating local helioseismic inversion methods. Sixteen hours of data are available as four hour averages, with two hour cadence, at steinr.msu.edu/~bob/96averages, as idl save files. The variables stored are the density, temperature, sound speed, and three velocity components. In addition, the three velocity components at 200 km above mean continuum optical depth unity are available at 30 sec. cadence.
Extreme Scale Visual Analytics
Steed, Chad A [ORNL] [ORNL; Potok, Thomas E [ORNL] [ORNL; Pullum, Laura L [ORNL] [ORNL; Ramanathan, Arvind [ORNL] [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL] [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL] [ORNL
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Given the scale and complexity of today s data, visual analytics is rapidly becoming a necessity rather than an option for comprehensive exploratory analysis. In this paper, we provide an overview of three applications of visual analytics for addressing the challenges of analyzing climate, text streams, and biosurveilance data. These systems feature varying levels of interaction and high performance computing technology integration to permit exploratory analysis of large and complex data of global significance.
Najmabadi, Farrokh
explosion. After the target-generated X-rays and ion debris traverse the chamber, the chamber environment scale occur in the chamber following the target explosion. The resultant X-rays, ion debris and neutron from the target travel through the chamber. Depending on the chamber constituents, X-rays and ion
Nonlinear closures for scale separation in supersonic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence
Grete, Philipp; Schmidt, Wolfram; Schleicher, Dominik R G; Federrath, Christoph
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Turbulence in compressible plasma plays a key role in many areas of astrophysics and engineering. The extreme plasma parameters in these environments, e.g. high Reynolds numbers, supersonic and super-Alfvenic flows, however, make direct numerical simulations computationally intractable even for the simplest treatment -- magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). To overcome this problem one can use subgrid-scale (SGS) closures -- models for the influence of unresolved, subgrid-scales on the resolved ones. In this work we propose and validate a set of constant coefficient closures for the resolved, compressible, ideal MHD equations. The subgrid-scale energies are modeled by Smagorinsky-like equilibrium closures. The turbulent stresses and the electromotive force (EMF) are described by expressions that are nonlinear in terms of large scale velocity and magnetic field gradients. To verify the closures we conduct a priori tests over 137 simulation snapshots from two different codes with varying ratios of thermal to magnetic pre...
Universality and scaling limit of weakly-bound tetramers
M. R. Hadizadeh; M. T. Yamashita; Lauro Tomio; A. Delfino; T. Frederico
2011-01-02T23:59:59.000Z
The occurrence of a new limit cycle in few-body physics, expressing a universal scaling function relating the binding energies of two consecutive tetramer states, is revealed, considering a renormalized zero-range two-body interaction applied to four identical bosons. The tetramer energy spectrum is obtained when adding a boson to an Efimov bound state with energy $B_3$ in the unitary limit (for zero two-body binding, or infinite two-body scattering length). Each excited $N-$th tetramer energy $B_4^{(N)}$ is shown to slide along a scaling function as a short-range four-body scale is changed, emerging from the 3+1 threshold for a universal ratio $B_4^ {(N)}/B_3 \\simeq 4.6$, which does not depend on $N$. The new scale can also be revealed by a resonance in the atom-trimer recombination process.
Universality and scaling limit of weakly-bound tetramers
Hadizadeh, M R; Tomio, Lauro; Delfino, A; Frederico, T
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The occurrence of a new limit cycle in few-body physics, expressing a universal scaling function relating the binding energies of two consecutive tetramer states, is revealed, considering a renormalized zero-range two-body interaction applied to four identical bosons. The tetramer energy spectrum is obtained when adding a boson to an Efimov bound state with energy $B_3$ in the unitary limit (for zero two-body binding, or infinite two-body scattering length). Each excited $N-$th tetramer energy $B_4^{(N)}$ is shown to slide along a scaling function as a short-range four-body scale is changed, emerging from the 3+1 threshold for a universal ratio $B_4^ {(N)}/B_3 \\simeq 4.6$, which does not depend on $N$. The new scale can also be revealed by a resonance in the atom-trimer recombination process.
Lamb, Gordon Dale
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
. vii NOMENCLATURE ASI Academic Skills Index ACSI Academic and Cognitive Skills Index CSI Cognitive Skills Index Lang Language Scale Lear Learning Scale Math Math Scale MeAc Academic-Related Memory Subscale MeEv Memory for Events Subscale Me...Pe Personal-Related Memory Subscale MeSc Memory for Schedules Subscale Memo Memory Scale PrSo Problem Solving Scale Read Reading Scale SyEx Symbolic Expressive Language Subtest SyRe Symbolic Receptive Language Subtest Symb Symbolic Language Subscale Ve...
Search complexity and resource scaling for the quantum optimal control of unitary transformations
Moore, Katharine W.; Riviello, Gregory; Rabitz, Herschel [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Chakrabarti, Raj [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)
2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
The optimal control of unitary transformations is a fundamental problem in quantum control theory and quantum information processing. The feasibility of performing such optimizations is determined by the computational and control resources required, particularly for systems with large Hilbert spaces. Prior work on unitary transformation control indicates that (i) for controllable systems, local extrema in the search landscape for optimal control of quantum gates have null measure, facilitating the convergence of local search algorithms, but (ii) the required time for convergence to optimal controls can scale exponentially with the Hilbert space dimension. Depending on the control-system Hamiltonian, the landscape structure and scaling may vary. This work introduces methods for quantifying Hamiltonian-dependent and kinematic effects on control optimization dynamics in order to classify quantum systems according to the search effort and control resources required to implement arbitrary unitary transformations.
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Trade-offs in Designing Web Clusters 76 SEPTEMBER · OCTOBER 2002 http://computer.org/internet/ 1089-7801/02/$17.00 ©2002 IEEE IEEE INTERNET COMPUTING H igh-volume Web sites often use clusters approaches to scaling Web clusters: adding more servers of the same type (scaling out, or horizontally
sed and awk Regular Expressions
Mohri, Mehryar
at a time, like grep Â· Change lines of the file Â· Non-interactive text editor Â Editing commands come in order to each input line. Â· If a command changes the input, subsequent command address will be applied and an action, where the address can be a regular expression or line number. address action command address
Inflation from Broken Scale Invariance
Csaba Csaki; Nemanja Kaloper; Javi Serra; John Terning
2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z
We construct a model of inflation based on a low-energy effective theory of spontaneously broken global scale invariance. This provides a shift symmetry that protects the inflaton potential from quantum corrections. Since the underlying scale invariance is non-compact, arbitrarily large inflaton field displacements are readily allowed in the low-energy effective theory. A weak breaking of scale invariance by almost marginal operators provides a non-trivial inflaton minimum, which sets and stabilizes the final low-energy value of the Planck scale. The underlying scale invariance ensures that the slow-roll approximation remains valid over large inflaton displacements, and yields a scale invariant spectrum of perturbations as required by the CMB observations.
Large scale tracking algorithms.
Hansen, Ross L.; Love, Joshua Alan; Melgaard, David Kennett; Karelitz, David B.; Pitts, Todd Alan; Zollweg, Joshua David; Anderson, Dylan Z.; Nandy, Prabal; Whitlow, Gary L.; Bender, Daniel A.; Byrne, Raymond Harry
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Low signal-to-noise data processing algorithms for improved detection, tracking, discrimination and situational threat assessment are a key research challenge. As sensor technologies progress, the number of pixels will increase signi cantly. This will result in increased resolution, which could improve object discrimination, but unfortunately, will also result in a significant increase in the number of potential targets to track. Many tracking techniques, like multi-hypothesis trackers, suffer from a combinatorial explosion as the number of potential targets increase. As the resolution increases, the phenomenology applied towards detection algorithms also changes. For low resolution sensors, "blob" tracking is the norm. For higher resolution data, additional information may be employed in the detection and classfication steps. The most challenging scenarios are those where the targets cannot be fully resolved, yet must be tracked and distinguished for neighboring closely spaced objects. Tracking vehicles in an urban environment is an example of such a challenging scenario. This report evaluates several potential tracking algorithms for large-scale tracking in an urban environment.
M. R. G. Maia; N. Pires; H. S. Gimenes
2015-07-26T23:59:59.000Z
Interactions between cosmic fluids may appear in many cosmological scenarios that go far beyond the usually studied energy exchange in the dark sector. In the absence of known microscopic interaction mechanisms, phenomenological ansatzes are usually proposed in order to describe such models. In this paper, we derive a generalization of one of the most frequently used of such ansatzes:the one based on a initial proposal of Shapiro, Sol\\`a, Espa\\~na-Bonet and Ruiz-Lapuente who described a time-dependent cosmological "constant" whose variation arises from quantum effects near the Planck scale [I. L. Shapiro, J. Sol\\`a, C. Espa\\~na-Bonet, and P. Ruiz-Lapuente, (2003). This physically motivated model was based on a single free parameter $\
Isotopic Scaling in Nuclear Reactions
M. B. Tsang; W. A. Friedman; C. K. Gelbke; W. G. Lynch; G. Verde; H. Xu
2001-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
A three parameter scaling relationship between isotopic distributions for elements with Z$\\leq 8$ has been observed that allows a simple description of the dependence of such distributions on the overall isospin of the system. This scaling law (termed iso-scaling) applies for a variety of reaction mechanisms that are dominated by phase space, including evaporation, multifragmentation and deeply inelastic scattering. The origins of this scaling behavior for the various reaction mechanisms are explained. For multifragmentation processes, the systematics is influenced by the density dependence of the asymmetry term of the equation of state.
Scale Insects on Ornamental Plants
Muegge, Mark A.; Merchant, Michael E.
2000-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
Scale insects on o rnamental plants B-6097 8-00 Mark A. Muegge and Michael Merchant* M any species of scale insects damage land- scape plants, shrubs and trees. Scale insects insert their mouthparts into plant tissues and suck out the sap. When... period. Most species never move again in their lives. Scale insects feed by inserting their hairlike mouth- parts into plant tissue and siphoning the plant?s sap. While feeding, many species excrete a sweet, sticky liquid referred to as ?honeydew...
Scale, scaling and multifractals in geophysics: twenty Shaun Lovejoy1
Lovejoy, Shaun
Scale, scaling and multifractals in geophysics: twenty years on Shaun Lovejoy1 and Daniel Schertzer number of degrees of freedom approaches to nonlin- ear geophysics: a) the transition from fractal are generally necessary for geophysical applications. We illustrate these ideas with data analyses from both
Moussa, Jonathan E., E-mail: godotalgorithm@gmail.com [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)
2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
The random-phase approximation with second-order screened exchange (RPA+SOSEX) is a model of electron correlation energy with two caveats: its accuracy depends on an arbitrary choice of mean field, and it scales as O(n{sup 5}) operations and O(n{sup 3}) memory for n electrons. We derive a new algorithm that reduces its scaling to O(n{sup 3}) operations and O(n{sup 2}) memory using controlled approximations and a new self-consistent field that approximates Brueckner coupled-cluster doubles theory with RPA+SOSEX, referred to as Brueckner RPA theory. The algorithm comparably reduces the scaling of second-order Mřller-Plesset perturbation theory with smaller cost prefactors than RPA+SOSEX. Within a semiempirical model, we study H{sub 2} dissociation to test accuracy and H{sub n} rings to verify scaling.
On expressive punishment and holisitic desert
Greenblum, Jake
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Expressive theories of punishment incorporate both deontological and consequentialist components. The deontological element claims that punishment expresses the value of both victim and wrongdoer. The consequentialist element claims that punishment...
A. Steyerl; C. Kaufman; G. Müller; R. Golub
2015-05-13T23:59:59.000Z
The important role of geometric phases in searches for a permanent electric dipole moment of the neutron, using Ramsey separated oscillatory field nuclear magnetic resonance, was first investigated by Pendlebury $\\textit{et al.}$ [Phys. Rev. A $\\mathbf{70}$, 032102 (2004)]. Their analysis was based on the Bloch equations. In subsequent work using the spin density matrix Lamoreaux and Golub [Phys. Rev. A $\\mathbf{71}$, 032104 (2005)] showed the usual relation between the frequency shifts and the correlation functions of the fields seen by trapped particles in general fields (Redfield theory). More recently we presented a solution of the Schr\\"odinger equation for spin-$1/2$ particles in circular cylindrical traps with smooth walls and exposed to arbitrary fields [Steyerl $\\textit{et al.}$, Phys.Rev. A $\\mathbf{89}$, 052129 (2014)]. Here we extend this work to show how the Redfield theory follows directly from the Schr\\"odinger equation solution and include wall roughness, cylindrical trap geometry with arbitrary cross section, and field perturbations that do not, in the frame of the moving particles, average to zero in time and which, therefore, do not satisfy the prerequisites of the statistical approach based on the spin-density matrix. We show by direct, detailed, calculation the agreement of the results from the Schr\\"odinger equation with the Redfield theory for the cases of a rectangular cell with specular walls and of a circular cell with diffuse reflecting walls.
Orthogonal control of expression mean and variance by epigenetic features at different genomic loci
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Dey, Siddharth S.; Foley, Jonathan E.; Limsirichai, Prajit; Schaffer, David V.; Arkin, Adam P.
2015-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
While gene expression noise has been shown to drive dramatic phenotypic variations, the molecular basis for this variability in mammalian systems is not well understood. Gene expression has been shown to be regulated by promoter architecture and the associated chromatin environment. However, the exact contribution of these two factors in regulating expression noise has not been explored. Using a dual-reporter lentiviral model system, we deconvolved the influence of the promoter sequence to systematically study the contribution of the chromatin environment at different genomic locations in regulating expression noise. By integrating a large-scale analysis to quantify mRNA levels by smFISH andmore »protein levels by flow cytometry in single cells, we found that mean expression and noise are uncorrelated across genomic locations. Furthermore, we showed that this independence could be explained by the orthogonal control of mean expression by the transcript burst size and noise by the burst frequency. Finally, we showed that genomic locations displaying higher expression noise are associated with more repressed chromatin, thereby indicating the contribution of the chromatin environment in regulating expression noise.« less
Simulation, models, and refactoring of bacteriophage T7 gene expression
Kosuri, Sriram
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Our understanding of why biological systems are designed in a particular way would benefit from biophysically-realistic models that can make accurate predictions on the time-evolution of molecular events given arbitrary ...
Deformation Expression for Elements of Algebra
H. Omori; Y. Maeda; N. Miyazaki; A. Yoshioka
2011-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this paper is to give a notion of deformation of expressions for elements of algebra. Deformation quantization (cf.[BF]) deforms the commutative world to a non-commutative world. However, this involves deformation of expression of elements of algebras even from a commutative world to another commutative world. This is indeed a deformation of expressions for elements of algebra.
Towards Efficient Structural Analysis of Mathematical Expressions
Yeung, Dit-Yan
. Experiments done on some typical mathematical expressions show that our proposed methods can achieve speedup, structural analysis 1 Introduction Many documents in science and engineering disciplines contain mathematical expressions. The input of mathematical expressions into computers is often more difficult than the input
N. V. Antonov; N. M. Gulitskiy
2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Inertial-range asymptotic behavior of a vector (e.g., magnetic) field, passively advected by a strongly anisotropic turbulent flow, is studied by means of the field theoretic renormalization group and the operator product expansion. The advecting velocity field is Gaussian, not correlated in time, with the pair correlation function of the form $\\propto \\delta(t-t') / k_{\\bot}^{d-1+\\xi}$, where $k_{\\bot}=|{\\bf k}_{\\bot}|$ and ${\\bf k}_{\\bot}$ is the component of the wave vector, perpendicular to the distinguished direction (`direction of the flow') -- the $d$-dimensional generalization of the ensemble introduced by Avellaneda and Majda [{\\it Commun. Math. Phys.} {\\bf 131}: 381 (1990)]. The stochastic advection-diffusion equation for the transverse (divergence-free) vector field includes, as special cases, the kinematic dynamo model for magnetohydrodynamic turbulence and the linearized Navier--Stokes equation. In contrast to the well known isotropic Kraichnan's model, where various correlation functions exhibit anomalous scaling behavior with infinite sets of anomalous exponents, here the dependence on the integral turbulence scale $L$ has a logarithmic behavior: instead of power-like corrections to ordinary scaling, determined by naive (canonical) dimensions, the anomalies manifest themselves as polynomials of logarithms of $L$. The key point is that the matrices of scaling dimensions of the relevant families of composite operators appear nilpotent and cannot be diagonalized. The detailed proof of this fact is given for correlation functions of arbitrary order.
W. Schmidt; J. C. Niemeyer; W. Hillebrandt
2006-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
We present a one-equation subgrid scale model that evolves the turbulence energy corresponding to unresolved velocity fluctuations in large eddy simulations. The model is derived in the context of the Germano consistent decomposition of the hydrodynamical equations. The eddy-viscosity closure for the rate of energy transfer from resolved toward subgrid scales is localised by means of a dynamical procedure for the computation of the closure parameter. Therefore, the subgrid scale model applies to arbitrary flow geometry and evolution. For the treatment of microscopic viscous dissipation a semi-statistical approach is used, and the gradient-diffusion hypothesis is adopted for turbulent transport. A priori tests of the localised eddy-viscosity closure and the gradient-diffusion closure are made by analysing data from direct numerical simulations. As an a posteriori testing case, the large eddy simulation of thermonuclear combustion in forced isotropic turbulence is discussed. We intend the formulation of the subgrid scale model in this paper as a basis for more advanced applications in numerical simulations of complex astrophysical phenomena involving turbulence.
Towards a model of large scale dynamics in transitional wall-bounded flows
Manneville, Paul
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A system of simplified equations is proposed to govern the feedback interactions of large-scale flows present in laminar-turbulent patterns of transitional wall-bounded flows, with small-scale Reynolds stresses generated by the self-sustainment process of turbulence itself modeled using an extension of Waleffe's approach (Phys. Fluids 9 (1997) 883-900), the detailed expression of which is displayed as an annex to the main text.
Renormalization Group Analysis of Finite-Size Scaling in the $?^4_4$ Model
R. Kenna; C. B. Lang
1992-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
A finite-size scaling theory for the $\\phi^4_4$ model is derived using renormalization group methods. Particular attention is paid to the partition function zeroes, in terms of which all thermodynamic observables can be expressed. While the leading scaling behaviour is identical to that of mean field theory, there exist multiplicative logarithmic corrections too. A non-perturbative test of these formulae in the form of a high precision Monte Carlo analysis reveals good quantitative agreement with the analytical predictions.
Deterministic Scale-Free Networks
Albert-Laszlo Barabasi; Erzsebet Ravasz; Tamas Vicsek
2002-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
Scale-free networks are abundant in nature and society, describing such diverse systems as the world wide web, the web of human sexual contacts, or the chemical network of a cell. All models used to generate a scale-free topology are stochastic, that is they create networks in which the nodes appear to be randomly connected to each other. Here we propose a simple model that generates scale-free networks in a deterministic fashion. We solve exactly the model, showing that the tail of the degree distribution follows a power law.
Scale Insects on Ornamental Plants
Muegge, Mark A.; Merchant, Michael E.
2000-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
of all insect groups. Scale insects are generally small ( 1 /4 inch long or less) and often mimic various plant parts, such as bark and buds. Other species appear as small, white, waxy blotches or small bits of cotton on leaves and stems. The one... crawlers are pre- sent, they will fall onto the paper, where you can eas- ily see them moving about. Using natural enemies to control scales Many natural enemies?small parasitic wasps, lady- bird beetles and some fungi?can significantly reduce scale insect...
Homogeneous isotropic turbulence in dilute polymers: scale by scale budget
E. De Angelis; C. M. Casciola; R. Benzi; R. Piva
2002-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The turbulent energy cascade in dilute polymers solution is addressed here by considering a direct numerical simulation of homogeneous isotropic turbulence of a FENE-P fluid in a triply periodic box. On the basis of the DNS data, a scale by scale analysis is provided by using the proper extension to visco-elastic fluids of the Karman-Howarth equation for the velocity. For the microstructure, an equation, analogous to the Yaglom equation for scalars, is proposed for the free-energy density associated to the elastic behavior of the material. Two mechanisms of energy removal from the scale of the forcing are identified, namely the classical non-linear transfer term of the standard Navier-Stokes equations and the coupling between macroscopic velocity and microstructure. The latter, on average, drains kinetic energy to feed the dynamics of the microstructure. The cross-over scale between the two corresponding energy fluxes is identified, with the flux associated with the microstructure dominating at small separations to become sub-leading above the cross-over scale, which is the equivalent of the elastic limit scale defined by De Gennes-Tabor on the basis of phenomenological assumptions.
Steyerl, A; Müller, G; Golub, R
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The important role of geometric phases in searches for a permanent electric dipole moment of the neutron, using Ramsey separated oscillatory field nuclear magnetic resonance, was first investigated by Pendlebury $\\textit{et al.}$ [Phys. Rev. A $\\mathbf{70}$, 032102 (2004)]. Their analysis was based on the Bloch equations. In subsequent work using the spin density matrix Lamoreaux and Golub [Phys. Rev. A $\\mathbf{71}$, 032104 (2005)] showed the usual relation between the frequency shifts and the correlation functions of the fields seen by trapped particles in general fields (Redfield theory). More recently we presented a solution of the Schr\\"odinger equation for spin-$1/2$ particles in circular cylindrical traps with smooth walls and exposed to arbitrary fields [Steyerl $\\textit{et al.}$, Phys.Rev. A $\\mathbf{89}$, 052129 (2014)]. Here we extend this work to show how the Redfield theory follows directly from the Schr\\"odinger equation solution and include wall roughness, cylindrical trap geometry with arbitra...
Ezer, Daphne; Zabet, Nicolae Radu; Adryan, Boris
2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
for studying complex CREs Recently, it has become possible to synthesize thousands of pro- moters or enhancers, and tomeasure the resulting level of gene expres- sion in parallel, an experimental design known as a massively parallel gene expression assay [9... heterotypic clusters influence gene expression. As the number of adjacent TF binding sites increases, the number of possible permutations of binding sites expands at a factorial scale. The distance between the binding sites and the order of the binding sites...
Fermionic expressions for minimal model Virasoro characters
Trevor A. Welsh
2004-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
Fermionic expressions for all minimal model Virasoro characters $\\chi^{p, p'}_{r, s}$ are stated and proved. Each such expression is a sum of terms of fundamental fermionic form type. In most cases, all these terms are written down using certain trees which are constructed for $s$ and $r$ from the Takahashi lengths and truncated Takahashi lengths associated with the continued fraction of $p'/p$. In the remaining cases, in addition to such terms, the fermionic expression for $\\chi^{p, p'}_{r, s}$ contains a different character $\\chi^{\\hat p, \\hat p'}_{\\hat r,\\hat s}$, and is thus recursive in nature. Bosonic-fermionic $q$-series identities for all characters $\\chi^{p, p'}_{r, s}$ result from equating these fermionic expressions with known bosonic expressions. In the cases for which $p=2r$, $p=3r$, $p'=2s$ or $p'=3s$, Rogers-Ramanujan type identities result from equating these fermionic expressions with known product expressions for $\\chi^{p, p'}_{r, s}$. The fermionic expressions are proved by first obtaining fermionic expressions for the generating functions $\\chi^{p, p'}_{a, b, c}(L)$ of length $L$ Forrester-Baxter paths, using various combinatorial transforms. In the $L\\to\\infty$ limit, the fermionic expressions for $\\chi^{p, p'}_{r, s}$ emerge after mapping between the trees that are constructed for $b$ and $r$ from the Takahashi and truncated Takahashi lengths respectively.
Commercial Scale Wind Incentive Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Energy Trust of Oregon’s Commercial Scale Wind offering provides resources and cash incentives to help communities, businesses land owners, and government entities install wind turbine systems up...
Sizing Up Allometric Scaling Theory
Savage, Van M.; Deeds, Eric J.; Fontana, Walter
2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
Metabolic rate, heart rate, lifespan, and many other physiological properties vary with body mass in systematic and interrelated ways. Present empirical data suggest that these scaling relationships take the form of power ...
Pilot Scale Advanced Fogging Demonstration
Demmer, Rick L. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Fox, Don T. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Archiblad, Kip E. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Experiments in 2006 developed a useful fog solution using three different chemical constituents. Optimization of the fog recipe and use of commercially available equipment were identified as needs that had not been addressed. During 2012 development work it was noted that low concentrations of the components hampered coverage and drying in the United Kingdom’s National Nuclear Laboratory’s testing much more so than was evident in the 2006 tests. In fiscal year 2014 the Idaho National Laboratory undertook a systematic optimization of the fogging formulation and conducted a non-radioactive, pilot scale demonstration using commercially available fogging equipment. While not as sophisticated as the equipment used in earlier testing, the new approach is much less expensive and readily available for smaller scale operations. Pilot scale testing was important to validate new equipment of an appropriate scale, optimize the chemistry of the fogging solution, and to realize the conceptual approach.
Gülder, Ömer L.
Contribution of small scale turbulence to burning velocity of flamelets in the thin reaction zone the turbulent burning velocity under the conditions corresponding to the thin reaction zones regime. Approaches turbulence on flam- elet burning velocity. An expression was derived to estimate the contribution of flame
Methods for monitoring multiple gene expression
Berka, Randy; Bachkirova, Elena; Rey, Michael
2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention relates to methods for monitoring differential expression of a plurality of genes in a first filamentous fungal cell relative to expression of the same genes in one or more second filamentous fungal cells using microarrays containing Trichoderma reesei ESTs or SSH clones, or a combination thereof. The present invention also relates to computer readable media and substrates containing such array features for monitoring expression of a plurality of genes in filamentous fungal cells.
Expression equivalence checking using interval analysis
Ghodrat, Mohammad Ali; Givargis, Tony; Nicolau, Alex
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Z. Zhou and W. Burleson, “Equivalence checking of datapathsusing combinational equivalence for extensible processor,”et al. : EXPRESSION EQUIVALENCE CHECKING USING INTERVAL
Rocky Mountain Power- FinAnswer Express
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Rocky Mountain Power's FinAnswer Express Program includes incentives and technical assistance for lighting, HVAC and other equipment upgrades that increase energy efficiency and exceed code...
Pacific Power- FinAnswer Express
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Pacific Power's FinAnswer Express Program includes incentives and technical assistance for lighting, HVAC and other equipment upgrades that increase energy efficiency and exceed code requirements...
Rocky Mountain Power- FinAnswer Express
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Rocky Mountain Power's FinAnswer Express Program provides extensive incentives and for lighting, HVAC, food service, agricultural, and compressed air equipment. Retrofits of facilities and upgrades...
A Tree Swaying in a Turbulent Wind: A Scaling Analysis
Theo Odijk
2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
A tentative scaling theory is presented of a tree swaying in a turbulent wind. It is argued that the turbulence of the air within the crown is in the inertial regime. An eddy causes a dynamic bending response of the branches according to a time criterion. The resulting expression for the penetration depth of the wind yields an exponent which appears to be consistent with that pertaining to the morphology of the tree branches. An energy criterion shows that the dynamics of the branches is basically passive. The possibility of hydrodynamic screening by the leaves is discussed.
Stochastic Ordering of Interferences in Large-scale Wireless Networks
Lee, Junghoon
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Stochastic orders are binary relations defined on probability distributions which capture intuitive notions like being larger or being more variable. This paper introduces stochastic ordering of interference distributions in large-scale networks modeled as point process. Interference is the main performance-limiting factor in most wireless networks, thus it is important to understand its statistics. Since closed-form results for the distribution of interference for such networks are only available in limited cases, interference of networks are compared using stochastic orders, even when closed form expressions for interferences are not tractable. We show that the interference from a large-scale network depends on the fading distributions with respect to the stochastic Laplace transform order. The condition for path-loss models is also established to have stochastic ordering between interferences. The stochastic ordering of interferences between different networks are also shown. Monte-Carlo simulations are us...
GLOBAL AND ADAPTIVE SCALING IN A SEPARABLE ...
2007-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
programs confirm that Adaptive Global Scaling subsumes former scaling ...... Then, the compact convex set B of symmetric matrices eigeinvalues of which.
External Surveillance of Geothermal Scale Deposits Employing...
brine to provide in situ scale deposition observations without the disadvantage of dismantling piping for visual scale inspection. Exposure times and film orientations have been...
Differential Gene Expression Pre-processing: from CEL files to ExpressionSet
Qiu, Weigang
different between mutants and wild types Install Libraries and Load Data > source-processing: from CEL files to ExpressionSet Gene Annotation Visualize Expression Profile using Heatmap Produce
Analytically expressed constraint on two Majorana phases in neutrinoless double beta decay
Maedan, Shinji
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We assume that neutrinoless double beta decay is caused by the exchange of three light Majorana neutrinos. Under this assumption, we obtain, by the method of perturbation, the equation representing the isocontour of effective Majorana mass which is the function of two CP-violating Majorana phases. The equation representing the isocontour (constraint equation between two Majorana phases) is expressed analytically by six parameters: two lepton mixing angles, two kinds of neutrino mass squared differences, lightest neutrino mass scale, and the effective Majorana mass. We discuss how the constraint equation between two Majorana phases changes when the lightest neutrino mass scale is varied.
Oct-4 expression in equine embryonic cells
Harding, Heather Darby
2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
(ES) cells for this reason. Until 1999, Oct-4 studies were limited to in vivo-produced embryos; equine embryos have not been studied for their Oct-4 expression patterns. In addition, equine stem-like cells (defined by marker expression, induced...
On the Expressive Power of Programming Languages
Tobin-Hochstadt, Sam
On the Expressive Power of Programming Languages Matthias Felleisen \\Lambda Department of Computer Science Rice University Houston, TX 772511892 Abstract The literature on programming languages contains an abundance of in formal claims on the relative expressive power of programming languages
University of Alberta ExpressNews
Machel, Hans
University of Alberta ExpressNews Tolerating antibiotics By Brian Murphy August 31, 2011 with the ability to resist antibiotics are often considered a modern phenomenon, but a University of Alberta is a contemporary issue," said Insight into antibiotic resistance - ExpressNews - University of Alberta http
Deciding Definability by Deterministic Regular Expressions
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
(DTD) [5] and XML Schema Definition (XSD) [10], both developed by the World Wide Web Consortium, do as well. Intuitively, a regular expression is deterministic if, when reading a word from left to right. For example, the expression (a + b) b(a + b) is not deterministic, because if we read a word that starts
Scaling Properties of Universal Tetramers
Hadizadeh, M. R.; Yamashita, M. T. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Tomio, Lauro [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, 24210-346, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Delfino, A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, 24210-346, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Frederico, T. [Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, 12228-900, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil)
2011-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
We evidence the existence of a universal correlation between the binding energies of successive four-boson bound states (tetramers), for large two-body scattering lengths (a), related to an additional scale not constrained by three-body Efimov physics. Relevant to ultracold atom experiments, the atom-trimer relaxation peaks for |a|{yields}{infinity} when the ratio between the tetramer and trimer energies is {approx_equal}4.6 and a new tetramer is formed. The new scale is also revealed for a<0 by the prediction of a correlation between the positions of two successive peaks in the four-atom recombination process.
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Composing Web Services:A QoS View A n Internet application can invoke several ser- vices -- a stock-trading Web service, for example, could invoke a payment service, which could then invoke an authentication service. Such a scenario is called a composite Web service, and it can
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Load Testing of Web Sites D evelopers typically measure a Web appli- cation on a Web site's IT infrastructure are a function of the site's expect- ed traffic. Ideally, you want, you shouldn't upgrade your Web servers if customers experience most delays in the database server
SCALE IN FEET STEVENSON COLLEGE
California at Santa Cruz, University of
PARKING LOT 109 PARKING LOT 110 PARKING LOT 108 STEVENSON EVENT CENTER #12;E N SCALE IN FEET 0 8040 STEVENSON COLLEGE Disabled parking space Disabled access path Disabled access ramp Power-assisted doors Emergency blue light phone Metered parking Campus shuttle stop Santa
Scaling of pressurized fluidized beds
Guralnik, S.; Glicksman, L.R.
1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The project has two primary objectives. The first is to verify a set of hydrodynamic scaling relationships for commercial pressurized fluidized bed combustors (PFBC). The second objective is to investigate solids mixing in pressurized bubbling fluidized beds. American Electric Power`s (AEP) Tidd combined-cycle demonstration plant will provide time-varying pressure drop data to serve as the basis for the scaling verification. The verification will involve demonstrating that a properly scaled cold model and the Tidd PFBC exhibit hydrodynamically similar behavior. An important issue in PFBC design is the spacing of fuel feed ports. The feed spacing is dictated by the fuel distribution and the mixing characteristics within the bed. After completing the scaling verification, the cold model will be used to study the characteristics of PFBCs. A thermal tracer technique will be utilized to study mixing both near the fuel feed region and in the far field. The results allow the coal feed and distributor to be designed for optimal heating.
The Expression of Determination: Similarities Between Anger and Approach-related Positive Affect
Harmon-Jones, Cindy
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
; Lang, 1995; Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 1990, 1992, 1998; Larsen, McGraw, & Cacioppo, 2001). Based on this model, Watson and colleagues (1988) created the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS, Watson & Clark, 1994). This scale has been widely... have also found that angry facial expressions are associated with approach motivation (Lewis et al., 1990; Lewis et al., 1992). Individual?s trait tendencies toward approach and withdrawal, as measured by Carver and White?s (1994) behavioral...
Kumar, Akshay; Madaria, Anuj R.; Zhou, Chongwu
2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
TiO{sub 2} is a wide band gap semiconductor with important applications in photovoltaic cells and photocatalysis. In this paper, we report synthesis of single-crystalline rutile phase TiO{sub 2} nanowires on arbitrary substrates, including fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO), glass slides, tin-doped indium oxide (ITO), Si/SiO{sub 2}, Si(100), Si(111), and glass rods. By controlling the growth parameters such as growth temperature, precursor concentrations, and so forth, we demonstrate that anisotropic growth of TiO{sub 2} is possible leading to various morphologies of nanowires. Optimization of the growth recipe leads to well-aligned vertical array of TiO{sub 2} nanowires on both FTO and glass substrates. Effects of various titanium precursors on the growth kinetics, especially on the growth rate of nanowires, are also studied. Finally, application of vertical array of TiO{sub 2} nanowires on FTO as the photoanode is demonstrated in dye-sensitized solar cell with an efficiency of 2.9 ± 0.2%.
Expression of eukaryotic polypeptides in chloroplasts
Mayfield, Stephen P
2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention relates to a gene expression system in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, preferably plant cells and intact plants. In particular, the invention relates to an expression system having a RB47 binding site upstream of a translation initiation site for regulation of translation mediated by binding of RB47 protein, a member of the poly(A) binding protein family. Regulation is further effected by RB60, a protein disulfide isomerase. The expression system is capable of functioning in the nuclear/cytoplasm of cells and in the chloroplast of plants. Translation regulation of a desired molecule is enhanced approximately 100 fold over that obtained without RB47 binding site activation.
Neurokinin Receptor Expression in the Lymphatic System
Khade, Parth
2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z
Neurokinin Receptor Expression in the Lymphatic System. (April 2009) Parth Vijay Khade. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Texas A&M University. Research Advisor: Dr. Dave C. Zawieja, Department of Systems Biology and Translational Medicine...
Control of gene expression by cell size
Wu, Chia-Yung
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Polyploidy, increased copy number of whole chromosome sets in the genome, is a common cellular state in evolution, development and disease. Polyploidy enlarges cell size and alters gene expression, producing novel phenotypes ...
Small Business Express Program (EXP) (Connecticut)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Small Business Express Program (EXP) provides loans and grants to small businesses (not more than 100 employees) to spur job creation and growth. The Program provides access to capital through...
Xcel Energy- Express Energy Efficiency Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Express Energy Efficiency Program provides free installation of energy-saving products. This program travels around Wisconsin, community-by-community, to see if they are installing in your...
An expectation model of referring expressions
Krćmer, John, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis introduces EMRE, an expectation-based model of referring expressions. EMRE is proposed as a model of non-syntactic dependencies - in particular, discourse-level semantic dependencies that bridge sentence gaps. ...
Dangerous Bodies: Freak Shows, Expression, and Exploitation
Fordham, Brigham A.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dangerous Bodies: Freak Shows, Expression, and ExploitationR.I. GEN. LAWS § 11-9-1. DANGEROUS BODIES Rhode Island does161 Id. Id. 165 id. 166 Id. DANGEROUS BODIES This argument
Expressive Autonomous Cinematography for Interactive Virtual Environments
Tomlinson, Bill
Expressive Autonomous Cinematography for Interactive Virtual Environments Bill Tomlinson Synthetic an automatic cinematography system for interactive virtual environments. This system controls a virtual camera this cinematography system with an ethologically-inspired structure of sensors, emotions, motivations, and action
Generating and interpreting referring expressions in context
Smith, Dustin Arthur
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Referring expressions with vague and ambiguous modifiers, such as "a quick visit" and "the big meeting," are difficult for computers to interpret because their meanings are defined in part by context. For the hearer to ...
Identifying expression fingerprints using linguistic information
Uzuner, Ozlem, 1975-
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents a technology to complement taxation-based policy proposals aimed at addressing the digital copyright problem. The approach presented facilitates identification of intellectual property using expression ...
Making Diagnostic Thresholds Less Arbitrary
Unger, Alexis Ariana
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
to the underlying construct being measured and some criteria measuring different levels of severity. For example, consider the diagnostic criteria for antisocial PD. One criterion is ?impulsivity or failure to plan ahead? and another is ?irritability... and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults? (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Each of these items tells something slightly different about the underlying latent trait of antisocial PD. The item assessing physical fights...
Distilling entanglement from arbitrary resources
Francesco Buscemi; Nilanjana Datta
2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We obtain the general formula for the optimal rate at which singlets can be distilled from any given noisy and arbitrarily correlated entanglement resource, by means of local operations and classical communication (LOCC). Our formula, obtained by employing the quantum information spectrum method, reduces to that derived by Devetak and Winter, in the special case of an i.i.d. resource. The proofs rely on a one-shot version of the so-called "hashing bound," which in turn provides bounds on the one-shot distillable entanglement under general LOCC.
Boll, Susanne
. It independe Finally model-bas confidence sensitivity zum Vo F ssons fro ents of the recalibration n of tempora in the wn that the s models, and ent an R pac ns. The pac for estimate ted functions derforsch "D E I N classic ex (SJ). In both report (i) wh multaneously esponse cate ng piecewise tive simultan
Does Standard Cosmology Express Cosmological Principle Faithfully?
Ding-fang Zeng; Hai-jun Zhao
2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
In 1+1 dimensional case, Einstein equation cannot give us any information on the evolution of the universe because the Einstein tensor of the system is identically zero. We study such a 1+1 dimensional cosmology and find the metric of it according to cosmological principle and special relativity, but the results contradict the usual expression of cosmological principle of standard cosmology. So we doubt in 1+3 dimensional case, cosmological principle is expressed faithfully by standard cosmology.
Regular expression matching and operational Hayo Thielecke
Thielecke, Hayo
/ 24 #12;The EKW machine e ; k ; w e ; k ; w e1 | e2 ; k ; w e1 ; k ; w e1 | e2 ; k ; w e2 ; k ; w e1 e2 ; k ; w e1 ; e2 :: k ; w e ; k ; w e ; e :: k ; w e ; k ; w ; k ; w a ; k ; a w ; k ; w ; e :: k ; w e ; k ; w 8 / 24 #12;Regular expressions as trees/graphs in memory Expression as trees
Flavor from the Electroweak Scale
Martin Bauer; Marcela Carena; Katrin Gemmler
2015-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the possibility that flavor hierarchies arise from the electroweak scale in a two Higgs doublet model, in which the two Higgs doublets jointly act as the flavon. Quark masses and mixing angles are explained by effective Yukawa couplings, generated by higher dimensional operators involving quarks and Higgs doublets. Modified Higgs couplings yield important effects on the production cross sections and decay rates of the light Standard Model like Higgs. In addition, flavor changing neutral currents arise at tree-level and lead to strong constraints from meson-antimeson mixing. Remarkably, flavor constraints turn out to prefer a region in parameter space that is in excellent agreement with the one preferred by recent Higgs precision measurements at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Direct searches for extra scalars at the LHC lead to further constraints. Precise predictions for the production and decay modes of the additional Higgs bosons are derived, and we present benchmark scenarios for searches at the LHC Run II. Flavor breaking at the electroweak scale as well as strong coupling effects demand a UV completion at the scale of a few TeV, possibly within the reach of the LHC.
Chameleon gravity on cosmological scales
H. Farajollahi; A. Salehi
2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
In conventional approach to the chameleon mechanism, by assuming a static and spherically symmetric solutions in which matter density and chameleon field are given by $\\rho=\\rho(r)$ and $\\phi=\\phi(r)$, it has been shown that mass of chameleon field is matter density-dependent. In regions of high matter density such as earth, chameleon field is massive, in solar system it is low and in cosmological scales it is very low. In this article we revisit the mechanism in cosmological scales by assuming a redshift dependence of the matter density and chameleon field, i.e. $\\rho=\\rho(z)$, $\\phi=\\phi(z)$. To support our analysis, we best fit the model parameters with the observational data. The result shows that in cosmological scales, the mass of chameleon field increases with the redshift, i.e. more massive in higher redshifts. We also find that in both cases of power-law and exponential potential function, the current universe acceleration can be explained by the low mass chameleon field. In comparison with the high redshift observational data, we also find that the model with power-law potential function is in better agreement with the observational data.
Use of dual plane PIV to assess scale-by-scale energy budgets in wall turbulence
Marusic, Ivan
Use of dual plane PIV to assess scale-by-scale energy budgets in wall turbulence N Saikrishnan1-layer, the buffer region, the logarithmic region and the outer region. In the space of scales, turbulent energy is produced at the large scales and transferred to smaller scales, finally dissipating in the form of heat
Geometrical expression for the angular resolution of a network of gravitational-wave detectors
Wen Linqing; Chen Yanbei [International Center for Radio Astronomy Research, School of Physics, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, Western Australia 6009 (Australia); Division of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
We report for the first time general geometrical expressions for the angular resolution of an arbitrary network of interferometric gravitational-wave (GW) detectors when the arrival time of a GW is unknown. We show explicitly elements that decide the angular resolution of a GW detector network. In particular, we show the dependence of the angular resolution on areas formed by projections of pairs of detectors and how they are weighted by sensitivities of individual detectors. Numerical simulations are used to demonstrate the capabilities of the current GW detector network. We confirm that the angular resolution is poor along the plane formed by current LIGO-Virgo detectors. A factor of a few to more than ten fold improvement of the angular resolution can be achieved if the proposed new GW detectors LCGT or AIGO are added to the network. We also discuss the implications of our results for the design of a GW detector network, optimal localization methods for a given network, and electromagnetic follow-up observations.
Zhang, Jianzhi
Low Rates of Expression Profile Divergence in Highly Expressed Genes and Tissue-Specific Genes specificity influence the divergence of expression profiles between orthologous genes. Here we address expression profile change during evolution is negatively correlated with the level of gene expression
The developmental expression dynamics of Drosophila melanogaster transcription factors
Adryan, Boris; Teichmann, Sarah A
2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
-specific activation and repression of genes. The expression of TFs should therefore reflect the core expression program of each cell. Results We studied the expression dynamics of about 750 TFs using the available genomics resources in Drosophila melanogaster. We find...
Marie-Anne Bouchiat; Claude Bouchiat
2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
We derive the general formula giving the Berry phase for an arbitrary spin, having both magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole couplings with external time-dependent fields. We assume that the effective E and B fields remain orthogonal during the quantum cycles. This mild restriction has many advantages. It provides simple symmetries leading to selection rules and the Hamiltonian-parameter and density-matrix spaces coincide for S=1. This implies the identity of the Berry and Aharonov-Anandan phases, which is lost for S>1. We have found that new features of Berry phases emerge for integer spins>2. We provide explicit numerical results of Berry phases for S=2,3,4. We give a precise analysis of the non-adiabatic corrections. The accuracy for satisfying adiabaticity is greatly improved if one chooses for the time derivatives of the parameters a time-dependence having a Blackman pulse shape. This has the effect of taming the non-adiabatic oscillation corrections which could be generated by a linear ramping. For realistic experimental conditions, the non-adibatic corrections can be kept reversal of the angular velocity can be cancelled exactly if the quadrupole to dipole coupling ratio takes a "magic" value. The even ones are cancelled by subtraction of the phases relative to opposite velocities. As a possible application of the results of this paper we suggest a route to holonomic entanglement of N non-correlated 1/2-spins by performing adiabatic cycles governed by a Hamiltonian which is a non-linear function of the total spin operator S defined as the sum of the N spin operators. The case N=4 and Sz=1 is treated explicitly and maximum entanglement is achieved.
Chen, Ken Shuang
2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Electrodeposition is a key process in LIGA (Lithographie, Galvanoformung, Abformung - German words for lithography, electroplating and molding) - microfabrication, which is increasingly demonstrated to be a viable technology for fabricating micro-devices or parts. LIGA Electrodeposition involves complex multi-physics phenomena: (1) diffusion, migration, and convection of charged species in a centimeter-scale electrolyte-bath region and in micron-scale featurecavity or trench regions; (2) homogeneous and heterogeneous electrochemical reactions; and (3) moving deposition surface or surfaces on which metal ions (e.g., {approx} i) are electrochemically reduced to form a pure metal or an alloy.
Preliminary Scaling Estimate for Select Small Scale Mixing Demonstration Tests
Wells, Beric E.; Fort, James A.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Rector, David R.; Schonewill, Philip P.
2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
The Hanford Site double-shell tank (DST) system provides the staging location for waste that will be transferred to the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Specific WTP acceptance criteria for waste feed delivery describe the physical and chemical characteristics of the waste that must be met before the waste is transferred from the DSTs to the WTP. One of the more challenging requirements relates to the sampling and characterization of the undissolved solids (UDS) in a waste feed DST because the waste contains solid particles that settle and their concentration and relative proportion can change during the transfer of the waste in individual batches. A key uncertainty in the waste feed delivery system is the potential variation in UDS transferred in individual batches in comparison to an initial sample used for evaluating the acceptance criteria. To address this uncertainty, a number of small-scale mixing tests have been conducted as part of Washington River Protection Solutions’ Small Scale Mixing Demonstration (SSMD) project to determine the performance of the DST mixing and sampling systems.
Senocak, Fatih
2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
changes in energy metabolism in white adipocytes. Specifically, we used DNA microarrays to characterize the changes in white adipocyte gene expression upon UCP1 expression and determine the extent to which UCP1 expressing white adipocytes emulate brown...
Joel W. Walker
2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
The MT2 or "s-transverse mass" statistic was developed to associate a parent mass scale to a missing transverse energy signature, given that escaping particles are generally expected in pairs, while collider experiments are sensitive to just a single transverse momentum vector sum. This document focuses on the generalized extension of that statistic to asymmetric one- and two-step decay chains, with arbitrary child particle masses and upstream missing transverse momentum. It provides a unified theoretical formulation, complete solution classification, taxonomy of critical points, and technical algorithmic prescription for treatment of the MT2 event scale. An implementation of the described algorithm is available for download, and is also a deployable component of the author's selection cut software package AEACuS (Algorithmic Event Arbiter and Cut Selector). Appendices address combinatoric event assembly, algorithm validation, and a complete pseudocode.
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma | Department ofEnergySTATE ENERGY PROGRAM NOTICE 10-0152 DOEMotor-DrivenatonScale Models and Wind
Time Scales in Spectator Fragmentation
C. Schwarz; for the ALADIN collaboration
2000-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
Proton-proton correlations and correlations of p-alpha, d-alpha, and t-alpha from spectator decays following Au + Au collisions at 1000 AMeV have been measured with an highly efficient detector hodoscope. The constructed correlation functions indicate a moderate expansion and low breakup densities similar to assumptions made in statistical multifragmentation models. In agreement with a volume breakup rather short time scales were deduced employing directional cuts in proton-proton correlations. PACS numbers: 25.70.Pq, 21.65.+f, 25.70.Mn
Proton Decay and the Planck Scale
Larson, Daniel T.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
LBNL- 56556 PROTON DECAY AND THE PLANCK SCALE DANIEL T.ph/0410035v1 2 Oct 2004 PROTON DECAY AND THE PLANCK SCALE ?without grand uni?cation, proton decay can be a powerful
Scale in object and process ontologies
Reitsma, Femke; Bittner, Thomas
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Scale is of great importance to the analysis of real world phenomena, be they enduring objects or perduring processes. This paper presents a new perspective on the concept of scale by considering it within two complementary ...
An Expression for the Granular Elastic Energy
Yimin Jiang; Hepeng Zheng; Zheng Peng; Liping Fu; Shixiong Song; Qicheng Sun; Michael Mayer; Mario Liu
2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z
Granular Solid Hydrodynamics (GSH) is a broad-ranged continual mechanical description of granular media capable of accounting for static stress distributions, yield phenomena, propagation and damping of elastic waves, the critical state, shear band, and fast dense flow. An important input of GSH is an expression for the elastic energy needed to deform the grains. The original expression, though useful and simple, has some draw-backs. Therefore, a slightly more complicated expression is proposed here that eliminates three of them: (1) The maximal angle at which an inclined layer of grains remains stable is increased from $26^\\circ$ to the more realistic value of $30^\\circ$. (2)Depending on direction and polarization, transverse elastic waves are known to propagate at slightly different velocities. The old expression neglects these differences, the new one successfully reproduces them. (3) Most importantly, the old expression contains only the Drucker-Prager yield surface. The new one contains in addition those named after Coulomb, Lade-Duncan and Matsuoka-Nakai -- realizing each, and interpolating between them, by shifting a single scalar parameter.
Range Fuels Commercial-Scale Biorefinery
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Range Fuels commercial-scale biorefinery will use a variety of feedstocks to create cellulosic ethanol, methanol, and power.
Bench-Scale Fermentation Laboratory (Fact Sheet)
Not Available
2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This fact sheet provides information about Bench-Scale Fermentation Laboratory capabilities and applications at NREL's National Bioenergy Center.
Engineering scale electrostatic enclosure demonstration
Meyer, L.C.
1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents results from an engineering scale electrostatic enclosure demonstration test. The electrostatic enclosure is part of an overall in-depth contamination control strategy for transuranic (TRU) waste recovery operations. TRU contaminants include small particles of plutonium compounds associated with defense-related waste recovery operations. Demonstration test items consisted of an outer Perma-con enclosure, an inner tent enclosure, and a ventilation system test section for testing electrostatic curtain devices. Three interchangeable test fixtures that could remove plutonium from the contaminated dust were tested in the test section. These were an electret filter, a CRT as an electrostatic field source, and an electrically charged parallel plate separator. Enclosure materials tested included polyethylene, anti-static construction fabric, and stainless steel. The soil size distribution was determined using an eight stage cascade impactor. Photographs of particles containing plutonium were obtained with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The SEM also provided a second method of getting the size distribution. The amount of plutonium removed from the aerosol by the electrostatic devices was determined by radiochemistry from input and output aerosol samplers. The inner and outer enclosures performed adequately for plutonium handling operations and could be used for full scale operations.
Nuclear Reactions & Scaling Arguments 11 October 2011
Militzer, Burkhard
Nuclear Reactions & Scaling Arguments 11 October 2011 Goals · Review nuclear reaction rates · Practice using scaling arguments Nuclear Reactions 1. Consider the simple reaction A k1 ---- B k2 ---- C = 3. #12;nuclear reactions & scaling arguments 2 3. Frequently, we approximate nuclear reaction rates
Nuclear Reactions & Scaling Arguments 11 October 2011
Militzer, Burkhard
Nuclear Reactions & Scaling Arguments 11 October 2011 Goals · Review nuclear reaction rates · Practice using scaling arguments Nuclear Reactions 1. Consider the simple reaction A k1 ---- B k2 ---- C rate for something like p + p D scales like n2 p. Think in microscopic terms. #12;nuclear reactions
Web Scale Taxonomy Cleansing Taesung Lee ,
Hwang, Seung-won
Web Scale Taxonomy Cleansing Taesung Lee , Zhongyuan Wang Haixun Wang Seung-won Hwang POSTECH.wang,haixunw}@microsoft.com ABSTRACT Large ontologies and taxonomies are automatically harvested from web-scale data. These taxonomies- scale taxonomies becomes a great challenge. A natural way to en- rich a taxonomy is to map the taxonomy
Introduction & scope Scale-dependent phenomena
Kuhn, Matthew R.
on Multi-scale Modeling of Materials University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA May 2530, 2006 Kuhn -- May 27, 2006 http:// faculty.up.edu / kuhn / papers / Tacoma.pdf LATEX #12;Introduction & scope Scale 27, 2006 http:// faculty.up.edu / kuhn / papers / Tacoma.pdf LATEX #12;Introduction & scope Scale
DISSERTATION QUANTIFYING SCALE RELATIONSHIPS IN SNOW DISTRIBUTIONS
Anderson, Charles W.
and variability of the seasonal mountain snowpack at different scales are imperative for water supply (power law) scaling patterns over two distinct scale ranges, separated by a distinct break at the 15-40 m in wind redistribution processes from wind/vegetation interactions at small lags to wind
Conundrum of the Large Scale Streaming
T. M. Malm
1999-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
The etiology of the large scale peculiar velocity (large scale streaming motion) of clusters would increasingly seem more tenuous, within the context of the gravitational instability hypothesis. Are there any alternative testable models possibly accounting for such large scale streaming of clusters?
Garcia, David Ernest
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The expression, purification, and kinetic characterizationThe expression, purification, and kinetic characterizationThe expression, purification, and kinetic characterization
Bugliesi, Michele
along these lines [5], we investigate the expressive power of a core set of security and network to secure communications by hiding them on private channels. A more recent line of research [2 of our approach by investigating the expressive power of our security and network abstractions
Building Scale vs. Community Scale Net-Zero Energy Performance
Katipamula, Srinivas; Fernandez, Nicholas; Brambley, Michael R.; Reddy, T. A.
2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
Many government and industry organizations are focusing building energy-efficiency goals around producing individual net-zero buildings (nZEBs), using photovoltaic (PV) technology to provide on-site renewable energy after substantially improving the energy efficiency of the buildings themselves. Seeking net-zero energy (NZE) at the community scale instead introduces the possibility of using a wider range of renewable energy technologies, such as solar-thermal electricity generation, solar-assisted heating/cooling systems, and wind energy, economically. This paper reports results of a study comparing NZE communities to communities consisting of individual nZEBs. Five scenarios are examined: 1) base case – a community of nZEBs with roof mounted PV systems; 2) NZE communities served by wind turbines on leased land; 3) NZE communities served by wind turbines on owned land; 4) communities served by solar-thermal electric generation; and 5) communities served by photovoltaic farms. All buildings are assumed to be highly efficient, e.g., 70% more efficient than current practice. The scenarios are analyzed for two climate locations (Chicago and Phoenix), and the levelized costs of electricity for the scenarios are compared. The results show that even for the climate in the U.S. most favorable to PV (Phoenix), more cost-effective approaches are available to achieving NZE than the conventional building-level approach (rooftop PV with aggressive building efficiency improvements). The paper shows that by expanding the measurement boundary for NZE, a community can take advantage of economies of scale, achieving improved economics while reaching the same overall energy-performance objective.
The Eval that Men Do A Large-scale Study of the Use of Eval in JavaScript Applications
Vitek, Jan
The Eval that Men Do A Large-scale Study of the Use of Eval in JavaScript Applications Gregor. Transforming text into executable code with a function such as Java- Script's eval endows programmers with the ability to extend applications, at any time, and in almost any way they choose. But, this expressive power
An Integrated Approach to Reconstructing Genome-Scale Transcriptional Regulatory Networks
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Imam, Saheed; Noguera, Daniel R.; Donohue, Timothy J.; Leslie, Christina
2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z
Transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs) program cells to dynamically alter their gene expression in response to changing internal or environmental conditions. In this study, we develop a novel workflow for generating large-scale TRN models that integrates comparative genomics data, global gene expression analyses, and intrinsic properties of transcription factors (TFs). An assessment of this workflow using benchmark datasets for the well-studied ?-proteobacterium Escherichia coli showed that it outperforms expression-based inference approaches, having a significantly larger area under the precision-recall curve. Further analysis indicated that this integrated workflow captures different aspects of the E. coli TRN than expression-based approaches, potentially making themmore »highly complementary. We leveraged this new workflow and observations to build a large-scale TRN model for the ?-Proteobacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides that comprises 120 gene clusters, 1211 genes (including 93 TFs), 1858 predicted protein-DNA interactions and 76 DNA binding motifs. We found that ~67% of the predicted gene clusters in this TRN are enriched for functions ranging from photosynthesis or central carbon metabolism to environmental stress responses. We also found that members of many of the predicted gene clusters were consistent with prior knowledge in R. sphaeroides and/or other bacteria. Experimental validation of predictions from this R. sphaeroides TRN model showed that high precision and recall was also obtained for TFs involved in photosynthesis (PpsR), carbon metabolism (RSP_0489) and iron homeostasis (RSP_3341). In addition, this integrative approach enabled generation of TRNs with increased information content relative to R. sphaeroides TRN models built via other approaches. We also show how this approach can be used to simultaneously produce TRN models for each related organism used in the comparative genomics analysis. Our results highlight the advantages of integrating comparative genomics of closely related organisms with gene expression data to assemble large-scale TRN models with high-quality predictions.« less
Perceptual Smoothness of Tempo in Expressively Performed Simon Dixon
Dixon, Simon
a wide range of expressive timing deviations (Large & Kolen, 1994; Goto & Muraoka, 1995; Dixon, 2001a
An Occupied Subspace Optimization for Linear Scaling in LargeScale Ab Initio Electronic
Raczkowski, David
1 CONTENTS An Occupied Subspace Optimization for Linear Scaling in LargeScale Ab Initio Electronic 2000 Physics An Occupied Subspace Optimization for Linear Scaling in Large Scale Ab Initio Electronic Structure Calculations Abstract We present an approach to electronic structure calcu lations that replaces
Determining Empirical Characteristics of Mathematical Expression Use
Watt, Stephen M.
. Watt Ontario Research Centre for Computer Algebra Department of Computer Science University of Western corre- sponding to the new mathematical subject classification. We report on the process by which aspects of mathematical expressions by subject classification. We use the notion of a weighted dictionary
Mining Binary Expressions: Applications and Toon Calders
Antwerpen, Universiteit
Mining Binary Expressions: Applications and Algorithms Toon Calders Jan Paredaens Universiteit Antwerpen, Departement Wiskunde-Informatica, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Wilrijk, Belgium. {calders,pareda}@uia.ua.ac.be Technical report TR0008, June 2000 Abstract In data mining, searching for frequent patterns is a common
Gene Expression in the Stallion Testes
Laughlin, Andy M.
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
genes were differentially expressed (122 in fertile tissue, 111 in subfertile tissue). Of these, phosphodiesterase 3B (PDE3B), steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein, and outer dense fiber of sperm tails 2 (ODF2) mRNAs, were localized...
Designing Neural Networks Using Gene Expression Programming
Fernandez, Thomas
1 Designing Neural Networks Using Gene Expression Programming CândidaFerreira Gepsoft, 73 Elmtree aspects of neural networks, such as the weights, the thresholds, and the network architec- ture. Indeed neural network, including the architecture, the weights and thresholds, could be totally encoded
NEUROSYSTEMS Gene expression analysis in the parvalbumin-
Eddy, Sean
lateral hypothalamus F. Girard,1 Z. Meszar,1 C. Marti,1 F. P. Davis2 and M. Celio1 1 Division of Anatomy-immunoreactive neurons has been previously observed in the rodent ventrolateral hypothalamus. However, the function of the hypothalamus, and those that might be co-expressed with parvalbumin. Although GABA is the principal
Rogers, Simon; Girolami, Mark; Kolch, Walter; Waters, Katrina M.; Liu, Tao; Thrall, Brian D.; Wiley, H. S.
2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Modern transcriptomics and proteomics enable us to survey the expression of RNAs and proteins at large scales. While these data are usually generated and analysed separately, there is an increasing interest in comparing and co-analysing transcriptome and proteome expression data. A major open question is whether transcriptome and proteome expression is linked and how it is coordinated. Results: Here we have developed a probabilistic clustering model that permits analysis of the links between transcriptomic and proteomic profiles in a sensible and flexible manner. Our coupled mixture model defines a prior probability distribution over the component to which a protein profile should be assigned conditioned on which component the associated mRNA profile belongs to. By providing probabilistic assignments this approach sits between the two extremes of concatenating the data on the assumption that mRNA and protein clusters would have a one-to-one relationship, and independent clustering where the mRNA profile provides no information on the protein profile and vice-versa. We apply this approach to a large dataset of quantitative transcriptomic and proteomic expression data obtained from a human breast epithelial cell line (HMEC) stimulated by epidermal growth factor (EGF) over a series of timepoints corresponding to one cell cycle. The results reveal a complex relationship between transcriptome and proteome with most mRNA clusters linked to at least two protein clusters, and vice versa. A more detailed analysis incorporating information on gene function from the gene ontology database shows that a high correlation of mRNA and protein expression is limited to the components of some molecular machines, such as the ribosome, cell adhesion complexes and the TCP-1 chaperonin involved in protein folding. Conclusions: The dynamic regulation of the transcriptome and proteome in mammalian cells in response to an acute mitogenic stimulus appears largely independent with very little correspondence between mRNA and protein expression. The exceptions involve a few selected multi-protein complexes that require the stoichiometric expression of components for correct function. This finding has wide ramifications regarding the understanding of gene and protein expression including its control and evolution. It also shows that transcriptomic and proteomic expression analysis are complementary and non-redundant.
Reliable High Performance Peta- and Exa-Scale Computing
Bronevetsky, G
2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z
As supercomputers become larger and more powerful, they are growing increasingly complex. This is reflected both in the exponentially increasing numbers of components in HPC systems (LLNL is currently installing the 1.6 million core Sequoia system) as well as the wide variety of software and hardware components that a typical system includes. At this scale it becomes infeasible to make each component sufficiently reliable to prevent regular faults somewhere in the system or to account for all possible cross-component interactions. The resulting faults and instability cause HPC applications to crash, perform sub-optimally or even produce erroneous results. As supercomputers continue to approach Exascale performance and full system reliability becomes prohibitively expensive, we will require novel techniques to bridge the gap between the lower reliability provided by hardware systems and users unchanging need for consistent performance and reliable results. Previous research on HPC system reliability has developed various techniques for tolerating and detecting various types of faults. However, these techniques have seen very limited real applicability because of our poor understanding of how real systems are affected by complex faults such as soft fault-induced bit flips or performance degradations. Prior work on such techniques has had very limited practical utility because it has generally focused on analyzing the behavior of entire software/hardware systems both during normal operation and in the face of faults. Because such behaviors are extremely complex, such studies have only produced coarse behavioral models of limited sets of software/hardware system stacks. Since this provides little insight into the many different system stacks and applications used in practice, this work has had little real-world impact. My project addresses this problem by developing a modular methodology to analyze the behavior of applications and systems during both normal and faulty operation. By synthesizing models of individual components into a whole-system behavior models my work is making it possible to automatically understand the behavior of arbitrary real-world systems to enable them to tolerate a wide range of system faults. My project is following a multi-pronged research strategy. Section II discusses my work on modeling the behavior of existing applications and systems. Section II.A discusses resilience in the face of soft faults and Section II.B looks at techniques to tolerate performance faults. Finally Section III presents an alternative approach that studies how a system should be designed from the ground up to make resilience natural and easy.
DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications Large scale Python and other dynamic applications may spend huge...
Enumeration of spanning trees in a pseudofractal scale-free web
Zhongzhi Zhang; Hongxiao Liu; Bin Wu; Shuigeng Zhou
2010-08-02T23:59:59.000Z
Spanning trees are an important quantity characterizing the reliability of a network, however, explicitly determining the number of spanning trees in networks is a theoretical challenge. In this paper, we study the number of spanning trees in a small-world scale-free network and obtain the exact expressions. We find that the entropy of spanning trees in the studied network is less than 1, which is in sharp contrast to previous result for the regular lattice with the same average degree, the entropy of which is higher than 1. Thus, the number of spanning trees in the scale-free network is much less than that of the corresponding regular lattice. We present that this difference lies in disparate structure of the two networks. Since scale-free networks are more robust than regular networks under random attack, our result can lead to the counterintuitive conclusion that a network with more spanning trees may be relatively unreliable.
Halanay type inequalities on time scales
Ad\\ivar, Murat
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper aims to introduce Halanay type inequalities on time scales. By means of these inequalities we derive new global stability conditions for nonlinear dynamic equations on time scales. Giving several examples we show that beside generalization and extension to q-difference case, our results also provide improvements for the existing theory regarding differential and difference inequalites, which are the most important particular cases of dynamic inequalities on time scales.
Scaling Rules for Pre-Injector Design
Tom Schwarz; Dan Amidei
2003-07-13T23:59:59.000Z
Proposed designs of the prebunching system of the NLC and TESLA are based on the assumption that scaling the SLC design to NLC/TESLA requirements should provide the desired performance. A simple equation is developed to suggest a scaling rule in terms of bunch charge and duration. Detailed simulations of prebunching systems scaled from a single design have been run to investigate these issues.
Scaling the practical education experience Joel Sommers
Haddadi, Hamed
Scaling the practical education experience Joel Sommers Colgate University jsommers outline a successful This work was done in part while Joel Sommers was visiting the University
High Performance Electronic Structure Engineering: Large Scale...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
High Performance Electronic Structure Engineering: Large Scale GW Calculations Event Sponsor: Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Seminar Start Date: Aug 7 2015 - 10:00am...
Small-Scale Renewable Energy Incentive Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Vermont's Small Scale Renewable Energy Incentive Program (SSREIP), initiated in June 2003, provides funding for new solar water heating, solar electric (photovoltaic), modern wood pellet heating,...
Scaling in stratocumulus fields: an emergent property
Yuan, Tianle
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Marine stratocumulus clouds play a critical role in the Earth's climate system. They display an amazing array of complex behaviors at many different spatiotemporal scales. Precipitation in these clouds is in general very light, but it is vital for clouds' systematic evolution and organization. Here we identify areas of high liquid water path within these clouds as potentially precipitating, or pouches. They are breeding grounds for stratocumuli to change their organization form. We show, using different satellite data sets, that the size distribution of these pouches show a universal scaling. We argue that such scaling is an emergent property of the cloud system, which results from numbers interactions at the microscopic scale.
Commercial-Scale Renewable-Energy Grants
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Rhode Island Commerce Corporation (Commerce RI) seeks to fund commercial scale renewable energy projects to generate electricity for onsite consumption. Commerce RI provides incentives for...
Commonwealth Wind Community-Scale Initiative
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Through the Commonwealth Wind Incentive Program – Community-Scale Wind Initiative the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (MassCEC) offers site assessment grants of services, feasibility study gran...
Industrial Scale Demonstration of Smart Manufacturing Achieving...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
a smart manufacturing (SM) Platform for two commercial test beds that can be scaled to manufacturing operations to catalyze low-cost commercialization of the technology...
Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
at Extreme Scale (ACES) partnership to design and develop the supercomputer Cielo (Spanish for "sky"), which was built by Cray Inc. Cielo can perform more than one quadrillion...
Extreme Scale Computing, Co-Design
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
"Analyzing the evolution of large scale structures in the universe with velocity based methods," IEEE Pacific Visualization Symposium, 49-56 (2012). Christopher M. Brislawn,...
TWO THEORIES FOR COMPUTING THE LOGICAL FORM OF MASS EXPRESSIONS Francis Jeffry Pelletier
There are various difficulties in accomodating the traditional logical expressions into larger expressions
Gene expression profiles in irradiated cancer cells
Minafra, L.; Bravatŕ, V.; Russo, G.; Ripamonti, M.; Gilardi, M. C. [IBFM CNR - LATO, Cefalů, Segrate (Italy)] [IBFM CNR - LATO, Cefalů, Segrate (Italy)
2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z
Knowledge of the molecular and genetic mechanisms underlying cellular response to radiation may provide new avenues to develop innovative predictive tests of radiosensitivity of tumours and normal tissues and to improve individual therapy. Nowadays very few studies describe molecular changes induced by hadrontherapy treatments, therefore this field has to be explored and clarified. High-throughput methodologies, such as DNA microarray, allow us to analyse mRNA expression of thousands of genes simultaneously in order to discover new genes and pathways as targets of response to hadrontherapy. Our aim is to elucidate the molecular networks involved in the sensitivity/resistance of cancer cell lines subjected to hadrontherapy treatments with a genomewide approach by using cDNA microarray technology to identify gene expression profiles and candidate genes responsible of differential cellular responses.
Regulation of methane genes and genome expression
John N. Reeve
2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
At the start of this project, it was known that methanogens were Archaeabacteria (now Archaea) and were therefore predicted to have gene expression and regulatory systems different from Bacteria, but few of the molecular biology details were established. The goals were then to establish the structures and organizations of genes in methanogens, and to develop the genetic technologies needed to investigate and dissect methanogen gene expression and regulation in vivo. By cloning and sequencing, we established the gene and operon structures of all of the “methane” genes that encode the enzymes that catalyze methane biosynthesis from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. This work identified unique sequences in the methane gene that we designated mcrA, that encodes the largest subunit of methyl-coenzyme M reductase, that could be used to identify methanogen DNA and establish methanogen phylogenetic relationships. McrA sequences are now the accepted standard and used extensively as hybridization probes to identify and quantify methanogens in environmental research. With the methane genes in hand, we used northern blot and then later whole-genome microarray hybridization analyses to establish how growth phase and substrate availability regulated methane gene expression in Methanobacterium thermautotrophicus ?H (now Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus). Isoenzymes or pairs of functionally equivalent enzymes catalyze several steps in the hydrogen-dependent reduction of carbon dioxide to methane. We established that hydrogen availability determine which of these pairs of methane genes is expressed and therefore which of the alternative enzymes is employed to catalyze methane biosynthesis under different environmental conditions. As were unable to establish a reliable genetic system for M. thermautotrophicus, we developed in vitro transcription as an alternative system to investigate methanogen gene expression and regulation. This led to the discovery that an archaeal protein, designated TFE, that had sequences in common with the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIE, stimulated archaeal transcription initiation and that the archaeal TATA-box binding protein (TBP) remained attached to the promoter region whereas the transcription factor TFB dissociated from the template DNA following initiation. DNA sequences that directed the localized assembly of archaeal histones into archaeal nucleosomes were identified, and we established that transcription by an archaeal RNA polymerase was slowed but not blocked by archaeal nucleosomes. We developed a new protocol to purify archaeal RNA polymerases and with this enzyme and additional improvements to the in vitro transcription system, we established the template requirements for archaeal transcription termination, investigated the activities of proteins predicted to be methane gene regulators, and established how TrpY, a novel archaeal regulator of expression of the tryptophan biosynthetic operon functions in M. thermautotrophicus. This also resulted in the discovery that almost all M. thermautotrophicus mutants isolated as spontaneously resistant to 5-methyl tryptophan (5MTR) had mutations in trpY and were therefore 5MTR through de-repressed trp operon expression. This established a very simple, practical procedure to determine and quantify the DNA sequence changes that result from exposure of this Archaeon to any experimental mutagenesis protocol. Following the discovery that the Thermococcus kodakaraensis was amenable to genetic manipulation, we established this technology at OSU and subsequently added plasmid expression, a reporter system and additional genetic selections to the T. kodakaraensis genetic toolbox. We established that transcription and translation are coupled in this Archaeon, and by combining in vitro transcription and in vivo genetics, we documented that both TFB1 and TFB2 support transcription initiation in T. kodakaraensis. We quantified the roles of ribosome binding sequences and alternative initiation codons in translation initiation, established that polarity e
Kinetic decoupling of WIMPs: analytic expressions
Visinelli, Luca
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a general expression for the values of the average kinetic energy and of the temperature of kinetic decoupling of a WIMP, valid for any cosmological model. We show an example of the usage of our solution when the Hubble rate has a power-law dependence on temperature, and we show results for the specific cases of kination cosmology and low- temperature reheating cosmology.
Large-Scale Information Systems
D. M. Nicol; H. R. Ammerlahn; M. E. Goldsby; M. M. Johnson; D. E. Rhodes; A. S. Yoshimura
2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Large enterprises are ever more dependent on their Large-Scale Information Systems (LSLS), computer systems that are distinguished architecturally by distributed components--data sources, networks, computing engines, simulations, human-in-the-loop control and remote access stations. These systems provide such capabilities as workflow, data fusion and distributed database access. The Nuclear Weapons Complex (NWC) contains many examples of LSIS components, a fact that motivates this research. However, most LSIS in use grew up from collections of separate subsystems that were not designed to be components of an integrated system. For this reason, they are often difficult to analyze and control. The problem is made more difficult by the size of a typical system, its diversity of information sources, and the institutional complexities associated with its geographic distribution across the enterprise. Moreover, there is no integrated approach for analyzing or managing such systems. Indeed, integrated development of LSIS is an active area of academic research. This work developed such an approach by simulating the various components of the LSIS and allowing the simulated components to interact with real LSIS subsystems. This research demonstrated two benefits. First, applying it to a particular LSIS provided a thorough understanding of the interfaces between the system's components. Second, it demonstrated how more rapid and detailed answers could be obtained to questions significant to the enterprise by interacting with the relevant LSIS subsystems through simulated components designed with those questions in mind. In a final, added phase of the project, investigations were made on extending this research to wireless communication networks in support of telemetry applications.
Maximal freedom at minimum cost: linear large-scale structure in general modifications of gravity
Emilio Bellini; Ignacy Sawicki
2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z
We present a turnkey solution, ready for implementation in numerical codes, for the study of linear structure formation in general scalar-tensor models involving a single universally coupled scalar field. We show that the totality of cosmological information on the gravitational sector can be compressed - without any redundancy - into five independent and arbitrary functions of time only and one constant. These describe physical properties of the universe: the observable background expansion history, fractional matter density today, and four functions of time describing the properties of the dark energy. We show that two of those dark-energy property functions control the existence of anisotropic stress, the other two - dark-energy clustering, both of which are can be scale-dependent. All these properties can in principle be measured, but no information on the underlying theory of acceleration beyond this can be obtained. We present a translation between popular models of late-time acceleration (e.g. perfect fluids, f (R), kinetic gravity braiding, galileons), as well as the effective field theory framework, and our formulation. In this way, implementing this formulation numerically would give a single tool which could consistently test the majority of models of late-time acceleration heretofore proposed.
Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution
Quake, Stephen R.
Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution of Design Rules for Biological Automation, polydimethylsiloxane Abstract Microfluidic large-scale integration (mLSI) refers to the develop- ment of microfluidic, are discussed. Several microfluidic components used as building blocks to create effective, complex, and highly
Jet Energy Scale March 31, 2009
Jet Energy Scale March 31, 2009 #12;Jet energy vs parton energy Eta-dependent corrections: even scale: conversion from calo measurement to underlying jet Underlying event and out-of-cone corrections region, near-100% efficiency ·Excellent momentum measurement #12;Jet clustering · Jets are formed
Scale evolution of double parton correlations
Tomas Kasemets
2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
We review the effect of scale evolution on a number of different correlations in double parton scattering (DPS). The strength of the correlations generally decreases with the scale but at a rate which greatly varies between different types. Through studies of the evolution, an understanding of which correlations can be of experimental relevance in different processes and kinematical regions is obtained.
6, 43254340, 2006 Scaling in ozone and
Boyer, Edmond
ACPD 6, 43254340, 2006 Scaling in ozone and temperature C. Varotsos and D. Kirk-Davidoff Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions Long-memory processes in global ozone and temperature variations C #12;ACPD 6, 43254340, 2006 Scaling in ozone and temperature C. Varotsos and D. Kirk-Davidoff Title
Gutenberg-Richter Scaling - A New Paradigm
Serino, C A; Klein, W
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a new model for an earthquake fault system that is composed of non-interacting simple lattice models with different levels of damage denoted by $q$. The undamaged lattice models ($q=0$) have Gutenberg-Richter scaling with a cumulative exponent $\\beta=1/2$, whereas the damaged models do not have well defined scaling. However, if we consider the "fault system" consisting of all models, damaged and undamaged, we get excellent scaling with the exponent depending on the relative frequency with which faults with a particular amount of damage occur in the fault system. This paradigm combines the idea that Gutenberg-Richter scaling is associated with an underlying critical point with the notion that the structure of a fault system also affects the statistical distribution of earthquakes. In addition, it provides a framework in which the variation, from one tectonic region to another, of the scaling exponent, or $b$-value, can be understood.
Copy Number and Gene Expression: Stochastic Modeling and Therapeutic Application
Hsu, Fang-Han
2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
(CNAs), which are known to be common mutations in genetic diseases, on steady- state gene expression values, time-course expression activities, and the e?ectiveness of targeted therapy. Assuming DNA copies operate as independent subsystems producing gene...
Induction of gene expression using a high concentration sugar mixture
England, George R.; Kelley, Aaron; Mitchinson, Colin
2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
Described herein is a composition useful for inducing expression of genes whose expression is under control of an inducible promoter sequence and methods for the compositions preparation and use.
Modeling of Distributed Systems by Concurrent Regular Expressions
Garg, Vijay
Modeling of Distributed Systems by Concurrent Regular Expressions Vijay K. Garg Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 We propose an algebraic model called concurrent regular expressions for modeling and anal- ysis of distributed systems
Modeling of Distributed Systems by Concurrent Regular Expressions
Garg, Vijay
Modeling of Distributed Systems by Concurrent Regular Expressions Vijay K. Garg Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 We propose an algebraic model called concurrent regular expressions for modeling and anal ysis of distributed systems
Sontag, Ryan L.; Weber, Thomas J.
2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
In some model systems constitutive extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) activation is sufficient to promote an oncogenic phenotype. Here we investigate whether constitutive ERK expression influences phenotypic conversion in murine C10 type II alveolar epithelial cells. C10 cells were stably transduced with an ERK1-green fluorescent protein (ERK1-GFP) chimera or empty vector and ectopic ERK expression was associated with the acquisition of soft agar focus-forming potential in late passage, but not early passage cells. Late passage ERK1-GFP cells exhibited a significant increase in the expression of DNA methyl transferases (DNMT1 and 3b) and a marked increase in sensitivity to 5-azacytidine (5-azaC)-mediated toxicity, relative to early passage ERK1-GFP cells and vector controls. The expression of xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A (XPA) and DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) were significantly increased in late passage cells, suggesting enhanced DNA damage recognition and repair activity which we interpret as a reflection of genomic instability. Phospho-ERK levels were dramatically decreased in late passage ERK1-GFP cells, relative to early passage and vector controls, and phospho-ERK levels were restored by treatment with sodium orthovanadate, indicating a role for phosphatase activity in this response. Collectively these observations suggest that ectopic ERK expression promotes phenotypic conversion of C10 cells that is associated with latent effects on epigenetic programming and phosphatase activities.
Lower scaling dimensions of quarks and gluons and new energy scales
F. Palumbo
1996-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the possibility that quarks and gluons, due to confinement, have lower scaling dimensions. In such a case there appear naturally new energy scales below which the standard theory is recovered. Arguments are given whereby for dimension $1/2$ of the quarks the theory is unitary also above these energy scales.
Impact of Friction and Scale-Dependent Initial Stress on Radiated Energy-Moment Scaling
Shaw, Bruce E.
. Shaw LamontDoherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, New York, USA The radiated energy coming271 Impact of Friction and Scale-Dependent Initial Stress on Radiated Energy-Moment Scaling Bruce E of elucidat- ing their radiated energy-moment scaling. We find, contrary to expectations, that apparent stress
Comparing the Expressive Power of Access Control Mahesh V. Tripunitara
Li, Ninghui
Comparing the Expressive Power of Access Control Models Mahesh V. Tripunitara tripunit the expressive power of access control models is rec- ognized as a fundamental problem in computer security the expressive power of access control models into a single context and to compare such models to one another
CSP is expressive enough for A.W. Roscoe
Oxford, University of
CSP is expressive enough for A.W. Roscoe Oxford University Computing Laboratory {Bill.Roscoe@comlab.ox.ac.uk} Abstract. Recent results show that Hoare's CSP, augmented by one additional operator, can express every operator whose operational semantics are expressible in a new notation and are therefore "CSP
On the Expressive Power of Temporal Concurrent Constraint Programming Languages
Valencia, Frank D.
On the Expressive Power of Temporal Concurrent Constraint Programming Languages Mogens Nielsen behavior have been proposed in the literature. In this paper we study the expressive power of some programming, timed systems, expressiveness The contribution of Mogens Nielsen and Frank D. Valen- cia
Probabilistic Models for Collecting, Analyzing, and Modeling Expression Data
;Keywords: genomics, gene expression, gene regulation, microarray, RNA-Seq, transcriptomics, error to integrate expression and interaction data in order to predict targets and networks regulated by microRNAs. Combined, the methods developed in this thesis provide a solution to the pipeline of expression analysis
TECHNICAL ADVANCE Spatial control of transgene expression in rice
Haseloff, Jim
spatial control of transgene expression in all organs of the model monocotyledonous species rice (Oryza. In particular, spatial control of trans- gene expression allowing the manipulation of gene expres- sionTECHNICAL ADVANCE Spatial control of transgene expression in rice (Oryza sativa L.) using the GAL4
MICRORNA EXPRESSION WITHIN PERIOVULATORY MURAL GRANULOSA CELLS
Fiedler, Stephanie Deanne
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Figure 3-2 Analysis of stem-loop qRT-PCR method .......................... 76 Figure 3-3 Analysis of modified oligo (dT) qRT-PCR method ............ 77 Figure 3-4 Comparison of qRT-PCR methods ................................... 78 Figure 4-1 AK006051...RT-PCR analysis of AK006051 expression .................... 95 1 Chapter 1 Introduction and Significance Ovulation and Luteinization The two main functions of the mammalian ovary are to produce competent oocytes and steroid hormones. The processes...
Alternative expression for the electromagnetic Lagrangian
Saldanha, Pablo L
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose an alternative expression for the Lagrangian density that governs the interaction of a charged particle with external electromagnetic fields. The proposed Lagrangian is written in terms of the local superposition of the particle fields with the applied electromagnetic fields, not in terms of the particle charge and of the electromagnetic potentials as is usual. The total Lagrangian for a set of charged particles assumes a simple elegant form with the alternative formulation, giving an aesthetic support for it. The proposed Lagrangian is equivalent to the traditional one in their domain of validity and provides an interesting description of the Aharonov-Bohm effect.
Expression of multiple proteins in transgenic plants
Vierstra, Richard D. (Madison, WI); Walker, Joseph M. (Madison, WI)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method is disclosed for the production of multiple proteins in transgenic plants. A DNA construct for introduction into plants includes a provision to express a fusion protein of two proteins of interest joined by a linking domain including plant ubiquitin. When the fusion protein is produced in the cells of a transgenic plant transformed with the DNA construction, native enzymes present in plant cells cleave the fusion protein to release both proteins of interest into the cells of the transgenic plant. Since the proteins are produced from the same fusion protein, the initial quantities of the proteins in the cells of the plant are approximately equal.
Fingerprints of anomalous primordial Universe on the abundance of large scale structures
Baghram, Shant; Abolhasani, Ali Akbar [Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11155-9161, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Firouzjahi, Hassan; Namjoo, Mohammad Hossein, E-mail: baghram@sharif.edu, E-mail: abolhasani@ipm.ir, E-mail: firouz@mail.ipm.ir, E-mail: MohammadHossein.Namjoo@utdallas.edu [School of Astronomy, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the predictions of anomalous inflationary models on the abundance of structures in large scale structure observations. The anomalous features encoded in primordial curvature perturbation power spectrum are (a): localized feature in momentum space, (b): hemispherical asymmetry and (c): statistical anisotropies. We present a model-independent expression relating the number density of structures to the changes in the matter density variance. Models with localized feature can alleviate the tension between observations and numerical simulations of cold dark matter structures on galactic scales as a possible solution to the missing satellite problem. In models with hemispherical asymmetry we show that the abundance of structures becomes asymmetric depending on the direction of observation to sky. In addition, we study the effects of scale-dependent dipole amplitude on the abundance of structures. Using the quasars data and adopting the power-law scaling k{sup n{sub A}-1} for the amplitude of dipole we find the upper bound n{sub A} < 0.6 for the spectral index of the dipole asymmetry. In all cases there is a critical mass scale M{sub c} in which for M
Cosmological constant in scale-invariant theories
Foot, Robert; Kobakhidze, Archil; Volkas, Raymond R. [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)
2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The incorporation of a small cosmological constant within radiatively broken scale-invariant models is discussed. We show that phenomenologically consistent scale-invariant models can be constructed which allow a small positive cosmological constant, providing certain relation between the particle masses is satisfied. As a result, the mass of the dilaton is generated at two-loop level. Another interesting consequence is that the electroweak symmetry-breaking vacuum in such models is necessarily a metastable ''false'' vacuum which, fortunately, is not expected to decay on cosmological time scales.
Pressurized melt ejection into scaled reactor cavities
Tarbell, W.W.; Pilch, M.; Brockmann, J.E.; Ross, J.W.; Gilbert, D.W.
1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes four tests performed in the High-Pressure Melt Streaming Program (HIPS) using linear-scaled cavities of the Zion Nuclear Power Plant. These experiments were conducted to study the phenomena involved in high-pressure ejection of core debris into the cavity beneath the reactor pressure vessel. One-tenth and one-twentieth linear scale models of reactor cavities were constructed and instrumented. The first test used an apparatus constructed of alumina firebrick to minimize the potential interaction between the ejected melt and cavity material. The remaining three experiments used scaled representations of the Zion nuclear plant geometry, constructed of prototypic concrete composition.
Method and system for small scale pumping
Insepov, Zeke (Darien, IL); Hassanein, Ahmed (Bolingbrook, IL)
2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention relates generally to the field of small scale pumping and, more specifically, to a method and system for very small scale pumping media through microtubes. One preferred embodiment of the invention generally comprises: method for small scale pumping, comprising the following steps: providing one or more media; providing one or more microtubes, the one or more tubes having a first end and a second end, wherein said first end of one or more tubes is in contact with the media; and creating surface waves on the tubes, wherein at least a portion of the media is pumped through the tube.
Dissolution of Barite Scale using Chelating Agents
Shende, Aniket Vishwanath
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
the scale by dissolution. However, the chemical factors affecting this reaction are not known fully, leading to mixed results in terms of treatment effectiveness. This thesis investigates the effect of these factors, by analyzing the change in barite...
Extreme Scaling and Performance across Diverse Architectures...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Extreme Scaling and Performance across Diverse Architectures Start Date: Mar 31 2015 - 11:00am BuildingRoom: Online Webinar Speaker(s): Salman Habib (Argonne National Laboratory;...
On the seismic scaling relations $\\Delta \
Belkacem, K; Mosser, B; Goupil, M J; Ludwig, H -G
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Scaling relations between asteroseismic quantities and stellar parameters are essential tools for studying stellar structure and evolution. We will address two of them, namely, the relation between the large frequency separation ($\\Delta \
Planet-scale Human Mobility Measurement
Pan Hui; Richard Mortier; Tristan Henderson; Jon Crowcroft
2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
Research into, and design and construction of mobile systems and algorithms requires access to large-scale mobility data. Unfortunately, the wireless and mobile research community lacks such data. For instance, the largest available human contact traces contain only 100 nodes with very sparse connectivity, limited by experimental logistics. In this paper we pose a challenge to the community: how can we collect mobility data from billions of human participants? We re-assert the importance of large-scale datasets in communication network design, and claim that this could impact fundamental studies in other academic disciplines. In effect, we argue that planet-scale mobility measurements can help to save the world. For example, through understanding large-scale human mobility, we can track and model and contain the spread of epidemics of various kinds.
Scaling Reinforcement Learning Paradigms for Motor Control
Vijayakumar, Sethu; Peters, Jan; Schaal, Stefan
Reinforcement learning offers a general framework to explain reward related learning in artificial and biological motor control. However, current reinforcement learning methods rarely scale to high dimensional movement systems ...
Agricultural Research for Development Scales & Diversity
Agricultural Research for Development Scales & Diversity SLU, Uppsala 28-29 September 2011 28th September 2011 (morning) Agricultural Investments ..... Shenggen Fan, IFPRI Livestock production Global and local importance and development John McDermott, ILRI Smallholder agricultural intensification means
Paradoxical Interpretations of Urban Scaling Laws
Cottineau, Clementine; Arcaute, Elsa; Batty, Michael
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Scaling laws are powerful summaries of the variations of urban attributes with city size. However, the validity of their universal meaning for cities is hampered by the observation that different scaling regimes can be encountered for the same territory, time and attribute, depending on the criteria used to delineate cities. The aim of this paper is to present new insights concerning this variation, coupled with a sensitivity analysis of urban scaling in France, for several socio-economic and infrastructural attributes from data collected exhaustively at the local level. The sensitivity analysis considers different aggregations of local units for which data are given by the Population Census. We produce a large variety of definitions of cities (approximatively 5000) by aggregating local Census units corresponding to the systematic combination of three definitional criteria: density, commuting flows and population cutoffs. We then measure the magnitude of scaling estimations and their sensitivity to city defin...
Program Management for Large Scale Engineering Programs
Oehmen, Josef
The goal of this whitepaper is to summarize the LAI research that applies to program management. The context of most of the research discussed in this whitepaper are large-scale engineering programs, particularly in the ...
Small scale vacuum chamber for general use
Clayton, Alexander P
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For this thesis a small scale vacuum chamber assembly was designed and fabricated. This chamber's purpose is to provide high quality vacuum conditions for a variety of samples. Often these samples are in need of precise ...
Scale-invariant nonlinear optics in gases
Heyl, C M; Miranda, M; Louisy, M; Kovacs, K; Tosa, V; Balogh, E; Varjú, K; L'Huillier, A; Couairon, A; Arnold, C L
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nonlinear optical methods are becoming ubiquitous in many areas of modern photonics. They are, however, often limited to a certain range of input parameters, such as pulse energy and average power, since restrictions arise from, for example, parasitic nonlinear effects, damage problems and geometrical considerations. Here, we show that many nonlinear optics phenomena in gaseous media are scale-invariant if spatial coordinates, gas density and laser pulse energy are scaled appropriately. We develop a general scaling model for (3+1)-dimensional wave equations, demonstrating the invariant scaling of nonlinear pulse propagation in gases. Our model is numerically applied to high-order harmonic generation and filamentation as well as experimentally verified using the example of pulse post-compression via filamentation. Our results provide a simple recipe for up-or downscaling of nonlinear processes in gases with numerous applications in many areas of science.
DECOMPOSITION OF LARGE-SCALE STOCHASTIC OPTIMAL ...
2009-03-06T23:59:59.000Z
consider dynamical systems that can be divided into small-scale independent .... realizations of the noise process are identical up to time t, then the same ..... without our approximation, the algorithm would build primal iterates that converge ...
Lebendiker, Mario
. (*) CASCADE is a trade mark of Active Motif, Inc., Carlsbad. The CASCADE expression system is patent pending sal m xylS2 nahR sal Xyl m lacZa cZ - + - + - + b-galactosidase XylS2 NahR XylS2NahR lacZa cZ lacZa c
Algorithms for Large-Scale Internet Measurements
Leonard, Derek Anthony
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
-1 ALGORITHMS FOR LARGE-SCALE INTERNET MEASUREMENTS A Dissertation by DEREK ANTHONY LEONARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December... 2010 Major Subject: Computer Science ALGORITHMS FOR LARGE-SCALE INTERNET MEASUREMENTS A Dissertation by DEREK ANTHONY LEONARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...
Woods, Jennifer Carol
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
motifs and their influence on valve expression during fruitappear WT-like with only valve expression remaining (Fig.motifs and their influence on valve expression during fruit
Power-law scaling in protein synthesis of a stochastic regulon
Emily Chapman-McQuiston; Chuck Yeung; X. L. Wu
2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the protein expression pattern of the lamB gene in Escherichia coli LE392. The gene product LamB is an important membrane protein for maltose transport into cells but it is also exploited by bacteriophage lambda for infection. Although our bacterial population is clonal, stochastic gene expression leads to a majority population with a large receptor number and a minority population with a small receptor number. We find that the LamB receptor distribution p(n) of the small-n population is scale invariant with the exponent depending on growth conditions. A heuristic model is proposed that relates the observed exponent to the protein production rate.
BENCH SCALE SALTSTONE PROCESS DEVELOPMENT MIXING STUDY
Cozzi, A.; Hansen, E.
2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was requested to develop a bench scale test facility, using a mixer, transfer pump, and transfer line to determine the impact of conveying the grout through the transfer lines to the vault on grout properties. Bench scale testing focused on the effect the transfer line has on the rheological property of the grout as it was processed through the transfer line. Rheological and other physical properties of grout samples were obtained prior to and after pumping through a transfer line. The Bench Scale Mixing Rig (BSMR) consisted of two mixing tanks, grout feed tank, transfer pump and transfer hose. The mixing tanks were used to batch the grout which was then transferred into the grout feed tank. The contents of the feed tank were then pumped through the transfer line (hose) using a progressive cavity pump. The grout flow rate and pump discharge pressure were monitored. Four sampling stations were located along the length of the transfer line at the 5, 105 and 205 feet past the transfer pump and at 305 feet, the discharge of the hose. Scaling between the full scale piping at Saltstone to bench scale testing at SRNL was performed by maintaining the same shear rate and total shear at the wall of the transfer line. The results of scaling down resulted in a shorter transfer line, a lower average velocity, the same transfer time and similar pressure drops. The condition of flow in the bench scale transfer line is laminar. The flow in the full scale pipe is in the transition region, but is more laminar than turbulent. The resulting plug in laminar flow in the bench scale results in a region of no-mixing. Hence mixing, or shearing, at the bench scale should be less than that observed in the full scale, where this plug is non existent due to the turbulent flow. The bench scale tests should be considered to be conservative due to the highly laminar condition of flow that exists. Two BSMR runs were performed. In both cases, wall shearing was shown to reduce the rheological properties of the grout as it was processed through the transfer line. Samples taken at the static feed tank showed that gelling impacted the rheological properties of the grout before it was fed into the pump and transfer line. A comparison of the rheological properties of samples taken at the feed tank and transfer line discharge indicated shearing of the grout was occurring in the transfer line. Bench scale testing of different mixing methods with three different salt solutions showed that method of mixing influences the rheological properties of the grouts. The paddle blade mixing method of the salt solution used for the BMSR testing provided comparable rheological properties of the grout prepared in the BMSR after 14 minutes of processing, B3. The paddle blade mixing method can be used to represent BMSR results and mixing time can be adjusted to represent larger scale mixing.
Effect of wettability on scale-up of multiphase flow from core-scale to reservoir fine-grid-scale
Chang, Y.C.; Mani, V.; Mohanty, K.K. [Univ. of Houston, TX (United States)
1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Typical field simulation grid-blocks are internally heterogeneous. The objective of this work is to study how the wettability of the rock affects its scale-up of multiphase flow properties from core-scale to fine-grid reservoir simulation scale ({approximately} 10{prime} x 10{prime} x 5{prime}). Reservoir models need another level of upscaling to coarse-grid simulation scale, which is not addressed here. Heterogeneity is modeled here as a correlated random field parameterized in terms of its variance and two-point variogram. Variogram models of both finite (spherical) and infinite (fractal) correlation length are included as special cases. Local core-scale porosity, permeability, capillary pressure function, relative permeability functions, and initial water saturation are assumed to be correlated. Water injection is simulated and effective flow properties and flow equations are calculated. For strongly water-wet media, capillarity has a stabilizing/homogenizing effect on multiphase flow. For small variance in permeability, and for small correlation length, effective relative permeability can be described by capillary equilibrium models. At higher variance and moderate correlation length, the average flow can be described by a dynamic relative permeability. As the oil wettability increases, the capillary stabilizing effect decreases and the deviation from this average flow increases. For fractal fields with large variance in permeability, effective relative permeability is not adequate in describing the flow.
Local Availability of mathematics and number scaling: Effects on quantum physics
Paul Benioff
2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Local availability of mathematics and number scaling provide an approach to a coherent theory of physics and mathematics. Local availability of mathematics assigns separate mathematical universes, U_{x}, to each space time point, x. The mathematics available to an observer, O_{x}, at x is contained in U_{x}. Number scaling is based on extending the choice freedom of vector space bases in gauge theories to choice freedom of underlying number systems. Scaling arises in the description, in U_{x}, of mathematical systems in U_{y}. If a_{y} or \\psi_{y} is a number or a quantum state in U_{y}, then the corresponding number or state in U_{x} is r_{y,x}a_{x} or r_{y,x}\\psi_{x}. Here a_{x} and \\psi_{x} are the same number and state in U_{x} as a_{y} and \\psi_{y} are in U_{y}. If y=x+\\hat{\\mu}dx is a neighbor point of x, then the scaling factor is r_{y,x}=\\exp(\\vec{A}(x)\\cdot\\hat{\\mu}dx) where \\vec{A} is a vector field, assumed here to be the gradient of a scalar field. The effects of scaling and local availability of mathematics on quantum theory show that scaling has two components, external and internal. External scaling is shown above for a_{y} and \\psi_{y}. Internal scaling occurs in expressions with integrals or derivatives over space or space time. An example is the replacement of the position expectation value, \\int\\psi^{*}(y)y\\psi(y)dy, by \\int_{x}r_{y,x}\\psi^{*}_{x}(y_{x})y_{x}\\psi_{x}(y_{x})dy_{x}. This is an integral in U_{x}. The good agreement between quantum theory and experiment shows that scaling is negligible in a space region, L, in which experiments and calculations can be done, and results compared. L includes the solar system, but the speed of light limits the size of L to a few light years. Outside of $L$, at cosmological distances, the limits on scaling are not present.
Boyer, Edmond
of the random field at meso-scale (1) using image field measurements at macro- and meso-scales, (2) introducing- and meso-scales for a given sample submitted to a given load. The experimental displacement (strain) field is measured on the whole domain (1x1 cm) at the macro-scale while, at the meso-scale, the displacement (strain
Networks of silicon nanowires: A large-scale atomistic electronic structure analysis
Kele?, Ümit; Bulutay, Ceyhun, E-mail: bulutay@fen.bilkent.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Bilkent University, Bilkent, Ankara 06800 (Turkey)] [Department of Physics, Bilkent University, Bilkent, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Liedke, Bartosz; Heinig, Karl-Heinz [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden - Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstr. 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany)] [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden - Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstr. 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany)
2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
Networks of silicon nanowires possess intriguing electronic properties surpassing the predictions based on quantum confinement of individual nanowires. Employing large-scale atomistic pseudopotential computations, as yet unexplored branched nanostructures are investigated in the subsystem level as well as in full assembly. The end product is a simple but versatile expression for the bandgap and band edge alignments of multiply-crossing Si nanowires for various diameters, number of crossings, and wire orientations. Further progress along this line can potentially topple the bottom-up approach for Si nanowire networks to a top-down design by starting with functionality and leading to an enabling structure.
Scaling laws of solar and stellar flares
Markus J. Aschwanden; Robert A. Stern; Manuel Güdel
2007-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
In this study we compile for the first time comprehensive data sets of solar and stellar flare parameters, including flare peak temperatures T_p, flare peak volume emission measures EM_p, and flare durations t_f from both solar and stellar data, as well as flare length scales L from solar data. Key results are that both the solar and stellar data are consistent with a common scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.7, but the stellar flares exhibit ~250 times higher emission measures (at the same flare peak temperature). For solar flares we observe also systematic trends for the flare length scale L(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 and the flare duration t_F(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 as a function of the flare peak temperature. Using the theoretical RTV scaling law and the fractal volume scaling observed for solar flares, i.e., V(L) ~ L^2.4, we predict a scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.3, which is consistent with observations, and a scaling law for electron densities in flare loops, n_p ~ T_p^2/L ~ T_p^1.1. The RTV-predicted electron densities were also found to be consistent with densities inferred from total emission measures, n_p=(EM_p/q_V*V)^1/2, using volume filling factors of q_V=0.03-0.08 constrained by fractal dimensions measured in solar flares. Our results affect also the determination of radiative and conductive cooling times, thermal energies, and frequency distributions of solar and stellar flare energies.
Citizen implementation of sustainability measures at the neighborhood scale
Heilke, Ingrid (Ingrid Elizabeth)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
There is the potential for citizens to make a profound impact on the sustainability of cities at the neighborhood scale. This is the scale that people relate to spatially, economically, and socially. It is also a scale ...
Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Flywheel Energy Storage Plant | Department...
Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Flywheel Energy Storage Plant Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Flywheel Energy Storage Plant Beacon Power will design, build, and operate a utility-scale 20 MW...
Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity
Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants April 2013 Information Administration | Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants ii for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants ii Contents Introduction
Repressor-mediated tissue-specific gene expression in plants
Meagher, Richard B. (Athens, GA); Balish, Rebecca S. (Oxford, OH); Tehryung, Kim (Athens, GA); McKinney, Elizabeth C. (Athens, GA)
2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
Plant tissue specific gene expression by way of repressor-operator complexes, has enabled outcomes including, without limitation, male sterility and engineered plants having root-specific gene expression of relevant proteins to clean environmental pollutants from soil and water. A mercury hyperaccumulation strategy requires that mercuric ion reductase coding sequence is strongly expressed. The actin promoter vector, A2pot, engineered to contain bacterial lac operator sequences, directed strong expression in all plant vegetative organs and tissues. In contrast, the expression from the A2pot construct was restricted primarily to root tissues when a modified bacterial repressor (LacIn) was coexpressed from the light-regulated rubisco small subunit promoter in above-ground tissues. Also provided are analogous repressor operator complexes for selective expression in other plant tissues, for example, to produce male sterile plants.
Conformal Scaling Gauge Symmetry and Inflationary Universe
Yue-Liang Wu
2004-02-23T23:59:59.000Z
Considering the conformal scaling gauge symmetry as a fundamental symmetry of nature in the presence of gravity, a scalar field is required and used to describe the scale behavior of universe. In order for the scalar field to be a physical field, a gauge field is necessary to be introduced. A gauge invariant potential action is constructed by adopting the scalar field and a real Wilson-like line element of the gauge field. Of particular, the conformal scaling gauge symmetry can be broken down explicitly via fixing gauge to match the Einstein-Hilbert action of gravity. As a nontrivial background field solution of pure gauge has a minimal energy in gauge interactions, the evolution of universe is then dominated at earlier time by the potential energy of background field characterized by a scalar field. Since the background field of pure gauge leads to an exponential potential model of a scalar field, the universe is driven by a power-law inflation with the scale factor $a(t) \\sim t^p$. The power-law index $p$ is determined by a basic gauge fixing parameter $g_F$ via $p = 16\\pi g_F^2[1 + 3/(4\\pi g_F^2) ]$. For the gauge fixing scale being the Planck mass, we are led to a predictive model with $g_F=1$ and $p\\simeq 62$.
User participation in building scale energy decision making
Brown, G.Z.; Kellett, R.; Reynolds, J.S.
1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The energy related portions of an architectural design process that directly incorporated the needs, values, and aspirations of the people who will construct and use the buildings are described. The project is an example of a viable, comprehensive, energy-responsive publicly formed building. Hundreds of hours of group designing, discussion, and learning afford a unique opportunity to examine the potential of citizen involvement in building scale energy decision making as a means of public education and policy definition. The project was to design the first public buildings (a community center and firehall) for the rural community of Deadwood, Oregon. In addition to designing and constructing the buildings on an extremely limited budget, the community was very interested in providing a significant learning experience for its members. They intended to organize, design and construct these buildings as much on their own and with as much local material and volunteer labor as possible. It was their intention that the project process as well as the completed buildings be an expression of community values, purpose, and vision.
74 Chapter 3: Semantics for Sentential Logic 7 Expressive completeness
Fitelson, Branden
in terms of our five is `neither...nor...', since for any English sentences p and q, neither p nor q or not they are expressed by some English connective. (While (b) is expressed by `it is true that', neither (a) nor (c) has-function which is expressed by `neither...nor...' (to repeat, neither p nor q is true just in case both p and q
Community-Scale Project Development and Finance Workshop Agenda...
Community-Scale Project Development and Finance Workshop Agenda and Presentations: Oklahoma Community-Scale Project Development and Finance Workshop Agenda and Presentations:...
Secretary Jewell Announces Approval of Second Utility-Scale Solar...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Secretary Jewell Announces Approval of Second Utility-Scale Solar Energy Project on American Indian Trust Land Secretary Jewell Announces Approval of Second Utility-Scale Solar...
EBRD-Sustainable Energy Initiative: Scaling Up Finance for Climate...
Initiative: Scaling Up Finance for Climate Change Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: EBRD-Sustainable Energy Initiative: Scaling Up Finance for...
Impact of subgrid-scale radiative heating variability on the...
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subgrid-scale radiative heating variability on the stratocumulus-to-trade cumulus transition in climate models. Impact of subgrid-scale radiative heating variability on the...
Large-Scale Algal Cultivation, Harvesting and Downstream Processing...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Large-Scale Algal Cultivation, Harvesting and Downstream Processing Workshop Large-Scale Algal Cultivation, Harvesting and Downstream Processing Workshop November 2, 2015 1:00PM...
Enabling Mass-Scale Financing for Federal Energy, Water, and...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Enabling Mass-Scale Financing for Federal Energy, Water, and Sustainability Projects Enabling Mass-Scale Financing for Federal Energy, Water, and Sustainability Projects...
Enabling Small-Scale Biomass Gasification for Liquid Fuel Production...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Enabling Small-Scale Biomass Gasification for Liquid Fuel Production Enabling Small-Scale Biomass Gasification for Liquid Fuel Production Breakout Session 2A-Conversion...
Accelerated Analyte Uptake on Single Beads in Microliter-scale...
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on Single Beads in Microliter-scale Batch Separations using Acoustic Streaming: Plutonium Uptake by Accelerated Analyte Uptake on Single Beads in Microliter-scale Batch...
Sandia Energy - Computational Fluid Dynamics & Large-Scale Uncertainty...
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& Large-Scale Uncertainty Quantification for Wind Energy Home Highlights - HPC Computational Fluid Dynamics & Large-Scale Uncertainty Quantification for Wind Energy Previous Next...
Sandia National Laboratories: functional wind-turbine blade scaling
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wind-turbine blade scaling National Rotor Testbed Functional Scaling Presented at American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 2014 Scitech On April 15, 2014, in Energy,...
Electric Power Industry Needs for Grid-Scale Storage Applications...
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Electric Power Industry Needs for Grid-Scale Storage Applications Electric Power Industry Needs for Grid-Scale Storage Applications Stationary energy storage technologies will...
Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemi...
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Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemical Energy Storage: From Transportation to Electrical Grid Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale...
2013 Commercial-Scale Tribal Renewable Energy Project Development...
2013 Commercial-Scale Tribal Renewable Energy Project Development and Finance Workshop Presentations and Agenda 2013 Commercial-Scale Tribal Renewable Energy Project Development...
Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Community Scale Project...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Community Scale Project Development Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Community Scale Project Development Watch the DOE Office of Indian Energy renewable energy course...
FEMP Offers Training on Distributed-Scale Renewable Energy Projects...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Distributed-Scale Renewable Energy Projects: From Planning to Project Closeout FEMP Offers Training on Distributed-Scale Renewable Energy Projects: From Planning to Project...
Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Facility Scale Project...
Facility Scale Project Development Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Facility Scale Project Development Watch the DOE Office of Indian Energy renewable energy course...
Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Commercial Scale Project...
Commercial Scale Project Development Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Commercial Scale Project Development Watch the DOE Office of Indian Energy advanced course...
Optimizing Cluster Heads for Energy Efficiency in Large-Scale...
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Optimizing Cluster Heads for Energy Efficiency in Large-Scale Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks Title: Optimizing Cluster Heads for Energy Efficiency in Large-Scale...
Overcoming the Barrier to Achieving Large-Scale Production -...
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Overcoming the Barrier to Achieving Large-Scale Production - A Case Study Overcoming the Barrier to Achieving Large-Scale Production - A Case Study This presentation summarizes the...
Community- and Facility-Scale Tribal Renewable Energy Project...
Community- and Facility-Scale Tribal Renewable Energy Project Development and Finance Workshop: Colorado Community- and Facility-Scale Tribal Renewable Energy Project Development...
Review of Recent Pilot Scale Cellulosic Ethanol Demonstration
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Process Relevant Demonstration Capability * integrated pilot scale experimental data wAspen model to estimate commercial scale * better understanding of impacts downstream needed...
An Updated Site Scale Saturated Zone Ground Water Transport Model...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
An Updated Site Scale Saturated Zone Ground Water Transport Model for Yucca Mountain. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: An Updated Site Scale Saturated Zone Ground Water...
Secretary Moniz Dedicates Innovative Commercial-Scale Cellulosic...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Secretary Moniz Dedicates Innovative Commercial-Scale Cellulosic Biofuel Plant Secretary Moniz Dedicates Innovative Commercial-Scale Cellulosic Biofuel Plant October 17, 2014 -...
ACCOLADES: A Scalable Workflow Framework for Large-Scale Simulation...
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A Scalable Workflow Framework for Large-Scale Simulation and Analyses of Automotive Engines Title ACCOLADES: A Scalable Workflow Framework for Large-Scale Simulation and...
Generalized z-scaling in proton-proton collisions at high energies
I. Zborovsky; M. Tokarev
2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
New generalization of z-scaling in inclusive particle production is proposed. The scaling variable z is fractal measure which depends on kinematical characteristics of the underlying sub-process expressed in terms of the momentum fractions x1 and x2 of the incoming protons. In the generalized approach, the x1 and x2 are functions of the momentum fractions ya and yb of the scattered and recoil constituents carried out by the inclusive particle and recoil object, respectively. The scaling function psi(z) for charged and identified hadrons produced in proton-proton collisions is constructed. The fractal dimensions and heat capacity of the produced medium entering definition of the z are established to obtain energy, angular and multiplicity independence of the psi(z). The scheme allows unique description of data on inclusive cross sections of charged particles, pions, kaons, antiprotons and lambdas at high energies. The obtained results are of interest to use z-scaling as a tool for searching for new physics phenomena of particle production in high transverse momentum and high multiplicity region at proton-proton colliders RHIC and LHC.
Generalized z-scaling in proton-proton collisions at high energies
Zborovský, I
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
New generalization of z-scaling in inclusive particle production is proposed. The scaling variable z is fractal measure which depends on kinematical characteristics of the underlying sub-process expressed in terms of the momentum fractions x1 and x2 of the incoming protons. In the generalized approach, the x1 and x2 are functions of the momentum fractions ya and yb of the scattered and recoil constituents carried out by the inclusive particle and recoil object, respectively. The scaling function psi(z) for charged and identified hadrons produced in proton-proton collisions is constructed. The fractal dimensions and heat capacity of the produced medium entering definition of the z are established to obtain energy, angular and multiplicity independence of the psi(z). The scheme allows unique description of data on inclusive cross sections of charged particles, pions, kaons, antiprotons and lambdas at high energies. The obtained results are of interest to use z-scaling as a tool for searching for new physics phe...
ESCO EXPRESSION OF INTEREST IN NOTICE OF OPPORTUNITY | Department...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
essionofinterestform.docx More Documents & Publications LETTER TO SUCCESSFUL COMPANY OR ESCO ESCO EXPRESSION OF INTEREST EVALUATION WORKSHEET ESPC ENABLE PRELIMINARY LETTER TO...
Genomics, Gene Expression and Other Studies in Soybean Rust
Posada-Buitrago, Martha Lucia
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Joint Genome Institute Genomics, Gene Expression and otherRust Martha Lucía Posada-Buitrago Ph.D Genomics DivisionEvolutionary Genomics DOE- Joint Genome Institute Lawrence
U-116: IBM Tivoli Provisioning Manager Express for Software Distributi...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Express for Software Distribution, which can be exploited by malicious people to conduct SQL injection attacks and compromise a user's system. reference LINKS: Secunia Advisory...
Snohomish County PUD No 1- Solar Express Rebate Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
In March 2009, Snohomish County PUD introduced the Solar Express Program. This program provides rebates to support residential and commercial installations of solar photovoltaics (PV) and solar...
Systmes Relationnels et SQL Pr. Robert Laurini Chapitre D : Expressions et conditions SQL 1
Laurini, Robert
SystĂ¨mes Relationnels et SQL Pr. Robert Laurini Chapitre D : Expressions et conditions SQL 1 Chapitre D Expressions et conditions SQL Expression Â· Simple expression Â 7.8/2 Â TO_CHAR (TRUNC(SYSDATE+7 expression #12;SystĂ¨mes Relationnels et SQL Pr. Robert Laurini Chapitre D : Expressions et conditions SQL 2
Scaling Relationships Based on Scaled Tank Mixing and Transfer Test Results
Piepel, Gregory F.; Holmes, Aimee E.; Heredia-Langner, Alejandro
2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
This report documents the statistical analyses performed (by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for Washington River Protection Solutions) on data from 26 tests conducted using two scaled tanks (43 and 120 inches) in the Small Scale Mixing Demonstration platform. The 26 tests varied several test parameters, including mixer-jet nozzle velocity, base simulant, supernatant viscosity, and capture velocity. For each test, samples were taken pre-transfer and during five batch transfers. The samples were analyzed for the concentrations (lbs/gal slurry) of four primary components in the base simulants (gibbsite, stainless steel, sand, and ZrO2). The statistical analyses including modeling the component concentrations as functions of test parameters using stepwise regression with two different model forms. The resulting models were used in an equivalent performance approach to calculate values of scaling exponents (for a simple geometric scaling relationship) as functions of the parameters in the component concentration models. The resulting models and scaling exponents are displayed in tables and graphically. The sensitivities of component concentrations and scaling exponents to the test parameters are presented graphically. These results will serve as inputs to subsequent work by other researchers to develop scaling relationships that are applicable to full-scale tanks.
Scaling Relationships Based on Scaled Tank Mixing and Transfer Test Results
Piepel, Gregory F.; Holmes, Aimee E.; Heredia-Langner, Alejandro; Lee, Kearn P.; Kelly, Steven E.
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report documents the statistical analyses performed (by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for Washington River Protection Solutions) on data from 26 tests conducted using two scaled tanks (43 and 120 inches) in the Small Scale Mixing Demonstration platform. The 26 tests varied several test parameters, including mixer-jet nozzle velocity, base simulant, supernatant viscosity, and capture velocity. For each test, samples were taken pre-transfer and during five batch transfers. The samples were analyzed for the concentrations (lbs/gal slurry) of four primary components in the base simulants (gibbsite, stainless steel, sand, and ZrO2). The statistical analyses including modeling the component concentrations as functions of test parameters using stepwise regression with two different model forms. The resulting models were used in an equivalent performance approach to calculate values of scaling exponents (for a simple geometric scaling relationship) as functions of the parameters in the component concentration models. The resulting models and scaling exponents are displayed in tables and graphically. The sensitivities of component concentrations and scaling exponents to the test parameters are presented graphically. These results will serve as inputs to subsequent work by other researchers to develop scaling relationships that are applicable to full-scale tanks.
Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations
Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang devices or optical devices like solar cells. Understanding the electronic structures of such systems structure, the charge density, the total energy and the atomic forces of a material system
A steady-state L-mode tokamak fusion reactor : large scale and minimum scale
Reed, Mark W. (Mark Wilbert)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We perform extensive analysis on the physics of L-mode tokamak fusion reactors to identify (1) a favorable parameter space for a large scale steady-state reactor and (2) an operating point for a minimum scale steady-state ...
Scaling Analysis of On-Chip Power Grid Voltage Variations in Nanometer Scale ULSI
Pedram, Massoud
Scaling Analysis of On-Chip Power Grid Voltage Variations in Nanometer Scale ULSI AMIR H. AJAMI, 1 be insufficient to limit the voltage fluctuations over the power grid for future technologies. It is also shown voltage drop in the power grid may result in a functional failure in dynamic logic and a timing violation
How important are landownership and the scale(s) of forest management and governance for
Forester interviews (27) Landowner survey and GIS #12;#12;#12;Forest management typology · 22 SitesHow important are landownership and the scale(s) of forest management and governance-matches and resilience · Research questions and methods · A typology of forest management · Constraints and opportunities
Grabe, Michael
Supplemental Text Constructing a computational insertion energy scale. A scale of amino acid insertion energies is only meaningful if the energy values are largely independent of the protein complex to which they belong. In the present case, we wish to extract individual insertion energies for particular
Large Scale Periodicity in Redshift Distribution
K. Bajan; M. Biernacka; P. Flin; W. Godlowski; V. Pervushin; A. Zorin
2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
We review the previous studies of galaxies and quasar redshifts discretisation. We present also the investigations of the large scale periodicity, detected by pencil--beam observations, which revealed 128 (1/h) Mpc period, afterwards confirmed with supercluster studies. We present the theoretical possibility of obtaining such a periodicity using a toy-model. We solved the Kepler problem, i.e. the equation of motion of a particle with null energy moving in the uniform, expanding Universe, decribed by FLRW metrics. It is possible to obtain theoretically the separation between large scale structures similar to the observed one.
Dynamic cluster-scaling in DNA
A. Bershadskii
2010-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that the nucleotide sequences in DNA molecules have cluster-scaling properties (discovered for the first time in turbulent processes: Sreenivasan and Bershadskii, 2006, J. Stat. Phys., 125, 1141-1153.). These properties are relevant to both types of nucleotide pair-bases interactions: hydrogen bonds and stacking interactions. It is shown that taking into account the cluster-scaling properties can help to improve heterogeneous models of the DNA dynamics. Two human genes: BRCA2 and NRXN1, have been considered as examples.
Peristaltic pumps work in nano scales
Farnoush Farahpour; Mohammad Reza Ejtehadi
2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
A design for a pump is suggested which is based on well-known peristaltic pumps. In order to simply describe the operation of the proposed pump, an innovative interpretation of low Reynolds number swimmers is presented and thereafter a similar theoretical model would be suggested to quantify the behavior of the pumps. A coarse-grained molecular dynamic simulation is used to examine the theoretical predictions and measure the efficiency of the pump in nano scales. It is shown that this pump with a modest design is capable of being a good option for transport processes in nano scale.
Large-Scale PV Integration Study
Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Diao, Ruisheng; Ma, Jian; Samaan, Nader A.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guo, Xinxin; Hafen, Ryan P.; Jin, Chunlian; Kirkham, Harold; Shlatz, Eugene; Frantzis, Lisa; McClive, Timothy; Karlson, Gregory; Acharya, Dhruv; Ellis, Abraham; Stein, Joshua; Hansen, Clifford; Chadliev, Vladimir; Smart, Michael; Salgo, Richard; Sorensen, Rahn; Allen, Barbara; Idelchik, Boris
2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z
This research effort evaluates the impact of large-scale photovoltaic (PV) and distributed generation (DG) output on NV Energy’s electric grid system in southern Nevada. It analyzes the ability of NV Energy’s generation to accommodate increasing amounts of utility-scale PV and DG, and the resulting cost of integrating variable renewable resources. The study was jointly funded by the United States Department of Energy and NV Energy, and conducted by a project team comprised of industry experts and research scientists from Navigant Consulting Inc., Sandia National Laboratories, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and NV Energy.
Mineral dissolution kinetics at the pore scale
Li, L.; Steefel, C.I.; Yang, L.
2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
Mineral dissolution rates in the field have been reported to be orders of magnitude slower than those measured in the laboratory, an unresolved discrepancy that severely limits our ability to develop scientifically defensible predictive or even interpretive models for many geochemical processes in the earth and environmental sciences. One suggestion links this discrepancy to the role of physical and chemical heterogeneities typically found in subsurface soils and aquifers in producing scale-dependent rates where concentration gradients develop. In this paper, we examine the possibility that scale-dependent mineral dissolution rates can develop even at the single pore and fracture scale, the smallest and most fundamental building block of porous media. To do so, we develop two models to analyze mineral dissolution kinetics at the single pore scale: (1) a Poiseuille Flow model that applies laboratory-measured dissolution kinetics at the pore or fracture wall and couples this to a rigorous treatment of both advective and diffusive transport, and (2) a Well-Mixed Reactor model that assumes complete mixing within the pore, while maintaining the same reactive surface area, average flow rate, and geometry as the Poiseuille Flow model. For a fracture, a 1D Plug Flow Reactor model is considered in addition to quantify the effects of longitudinal versus transverse mixing. The comparison of averaged dissolution rates under various conditions of flow, pore size, and fracture length from the three models is used as a means to quantify the extent to which concentration gradients at the single pore and fracture scale can develop and render rates scale-dependent. Three important minerals that dissolve at widely different rates, calcite, plagioclase, and iron hydroxide, are considered. The modeling indicates that rate discrepancies arise primarily where concentration gradients develop due to comparable rates of reaction and advective transport, and incomplete mixing via molecular diffusion. The magnitude of the reaction rate is important, since it is found that scaling effects (and thus rate discrepancies) are negligible at the single pore and fracture scale for plagioclase and iron hydroxide because of the slow rate at which they dissolve. In the case of calcite, where dissolution rates are rapid, scaling effects can develop at high flow rates from 0.1 cm/s to 1000 cm/s and for fracture lengths less than 1 cm. At more normal flow rates, however, mixing via molecular diffusion is effective in homogenizing the concentration field, thus eliminating any discrepancies between the Poiseuille Flow and the Well-Mixed Reactor model. This suggests that a scale dependence to mineral dissolution rates is unlikely at the single pore or fracture scale under normal geological/hydrologic conditions, implying that the discrepancy between laboratory and field rates must be attributed to other factors.
Intentional Walks on Scale Free Small Worlds
Amit R Puniyani; Rajan M Lukose; Bernardo A Huberman
2001-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
We present a novel algorithm that generates scale free small world graphs such as those found in the World Wide Web,social and metabolic networks. We use the generated graphs to study the dynamics of a realistic search strategy on the graphs, and find that they can be navigated in a very short number of steps.
Electromagnetic Composites at the Compton Scale
Frederick J. Mayer; John R. Reitz
2011-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
A new class of electromagnetic composite particles is proposed. The composites are very small (the Compton scale), potentially long-lived, would have unique interactions with atomic and nuclear systems, and, if they exist, could explain a number of otherwise anomalous and conflicting observations in diverse research areas.
INVESTIGATION Construction of Reference Chromosome-Scale
Douches, David S.
INVESTIGATION Construction of Reference Chromosome-Scale Pseudomolecules for Potato: Integrating was genotyped with several types of molecular genetic markers to construct a new ~936 cM linkage map comprising and orientation within the pseudo- molecules are closely collinear with independently constructed high density
The Spatial Scaling Laws of Compressible Turbulence
Sun, Bohua
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This Letter proposed spatial scaling laws of the density-weighted energy spectrum of compressible flow in terms of dissipation rate, wave number and the Mach number. The study has shown the compressible turbulence energy spectrum does not show the complete similarity, but incomplete similarity as $E(k,Ma)=(C+\\frac{D}{\\ln{Ma}})\
Scaling Analysis of Nanowire Phase Change Memory
Liu, Jie; Anantram, M P
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This letter analyzes the scaling property of nanowire (NW) phase change memory (PCM) using analytic and numerical methods. The scaling scenarios of the three widely-used NW PCM peration schemes (constant electric field, voltage, and current) are studied and compared. It is shown that if the device size is downscaled by a factor of 1/k (k>1), the peration energy (current) will be reduced by more than k3 (k) times, and the operation speed will be increased by k2 times. It is also shown that more than 90% of operation energy is wasted as thermal flux into substrate and electrodes. We predict that, if the wasted thermal flux is effectively reduced by heat confinement technologies, the energy consumed per RESET operation can be decreased from about 1 pJ to less than 100 fJ. It is shown that reducing NW aspect ratio (AR) helps decreasing PCM energy consumption. It is revealed that cross-cell thermal proximity disturbance is counter-intuitively alleviated by scaling, leading to a desirable scaling scenario.
Network Coding for Large Scale Content Distribution
Keinan, Alon
Network Coding for Large Scale Content Distribution IEEE Infocom 2005 Christos Gkantsidis College propose a new scheme for content distribution of large files that is based on network coding. With network coding, each node of the distribution network is able to generate and transmit encoded blocks
Large-Scale Manifold Learning Ameet Talwalkar
California at Irvine, University of
Large-Scale Manifold Learning Ameet Talwalkar Courant Institute New York, NY ameet on spectral decom- position, we first analyze two approximate spectral decom- position techniques for large-dimensional embeddings for two large face datasets: CMU-PIE (35 thousand faces) and a web dataset (18 million faces). Our
Small Scale Cosmological Perturbations: An Analytic Approach
Wayne Hu; Naoshi Sugiyama
1996-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
Through analytic techniques verified by numerical calculations, we establish general relations between the matter and cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectra and their dependence on cosmological parameters on small scales. Fluctuations in the CMB, baryons, cold dark matter (CDM), and neutrinos receive a boost at horizon crossing. Baryon drag on the photons causes alternating acoustic peak heights in the CMB and is uncovered in its bare form under the photon diffusion scale. Decoupling of the photons at last scattering and of the baryons at the end of the Compton drag epoch, freezes the diffusion-damped acoustic oscillations into the CMB and matter power spectra at different scales. We determine the dependence of the respective acoustic amplitudes and damping lengths on fundamental cosmological parameters. The baryonic oscillations, enhanced by the velocity overshoot effect, compete with CDM fluctuations in the present matter power spectrum. We present new exact analytic solutions for the cold dark matter fluctuations in the presence of a growth- inhibiting radiation {\\it and} baryon background. Combined with the acoustic contributions and baryonic infall into CDM potential wells, this provides a highly accurate analytic form of the small-scale transfer function in the general case.
Scaling the Web Wrapping it Up
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Wrapping it Up T his is the 20th and last installment of Scal- ing the Web. I interpretation and analysis to distributed systems and Web-related issues. This final column presents a review with middleware-related topics, including communica- tion models in middleware, Web services, grid computing
The Long Scale Properties of Dense Electrolytes
Mingnan Ding; Yihao Liang; Bing-Sui Lu; Xiangjun Xing
2015-02-24T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we combine phenomenological, numerical, and analytical approaches to explore the long scale statistical properties of dense electrolytes. In the first part, we present a phenomenological framework. We show that the potential of mean force (PMF) for an ion with charge $q$ inside a {\\em weak} background of mean potential $\\phi$ is nonlinear in $q$, and linear but {\\em nonlocal} in $\\phi$. From this, we derive all the long scale properties of the system, including the linear response theory of mean potential, the effective interaction between two ions, and the large scale structures of electric double layers, as well as the renormalized charge of a neutral particle. We also discuss the connection and difference between our theory and the {\\em Dressed Ion Theory} developed by Kjellander and Mitchell in 1990's. In the second part, we discuss the numerical method that is used to extract various renormalized quantities from Monte Carlo simulation data, as well as some numerical results that demonstrate the internal consistency of our theory. In the third part, we develop a systematic analytic formalism for the PMF of an ion in a weak background potential. We apply this formalism to study the primitive model, and calculate all renormalized parameters up to the second order of ion valences. These analytic results agree, both qualitatively and quantitatively, with our large scale MC simulations.
WEBPIE: A WEB-SCALE PARALLEL INFERENCE
WEBPIE: A WEB-SCALE PARALLEL INFERENCE ENGINE Jacopo Urbani, Spyros Kotoulas, Jason Maassen, Niels Amsterdam Monday 10 May 2010 #12;The Semantic Web The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web where the semantics is defined Basically the idea is to move from Web of Documents (Traditional Web) Web of data
Cultural differences on the children's memory scale
Cash, Deborah Dyer
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
) is an assessment instrument used to identify memory and learning deficits and strengths in children ages five through 16. This study investigated the impact of culture and parent educational level (PEL) on student performance on the Children’s Memory Scale using...
Large-scale gyrokinetic particle simulation of
Oliker, Leonid
areas of research including plasma astrophysics and fusion energy science. Fusion is the power source that are still needed to make fusion energy a practical realization. Research in plasma science requiresLarge-scale gyrokinetic particle simulation of microturbulence in magnetically confined fusion
learn invent impact Design of Large Scale
McCalley, James D.
learn invent impact Design of Large Scale Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators for Wind Turbines.iastate.edu Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSGs) Source: http://www.digikey.com/en-US/articles/techzone/2012of% 20PM_Generator_RPI_Qu_v8.pdf Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators Rotor PMDD Generator Full
Scaling the Web Performance and Availability
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Performance and Availability of Internet Data Centers Daniel A. Menascé · George, including response time, throughput, and availability, in the context of Web scalability. In most of my past) as a motivating example to discuss how performance and availability are interrelated. IDCs provide the means
Impedance Scaling for Small Angle Transitions
Stupakov, G.; Bane, Karl; /SLAC; Zagorodnov, I.; /DESY; ,
2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
Based on the parabolic equation approach to Maxwell's equations we have derived scaling properties of the high frequency impedance/short bunch wakefields of structures. For the special case of small angle transitions we have shown the scaling properties are valid for all frequencies. Using these scaling properties one can greatly reduce the calculation time of the wakefield/impedance of long, small angle, beam pipe transitions, like one often finds in insertion regions of storage rings. We have tested the scaling with wakefield simulations of 2D and 3D models of such transitions, and found that the scaling works well. In modern ring-based light sources one often finds insertion devices having extremely small vertical apertures (on the order of millimeters) to allow for maximal undulator fields reaching the beam. Such insertion devices require that there be beam pipe transitions from these small apertures to the larger cross-sections (normally on the order of centimeters) found in the rest of the ring. The fact that there may be many such transitions, and that these transitions introduce beam pipe discontinuities very close to the beam path, means that their impedance will be large and, in fact, may dominate the impedance budget of the entire ring. To reduce their impact on impedance, the transitions are normally tapered gradually over a long distance. The accurate calculation of the impedance or wakefield of these long transitions, which are typically 3D objects (i.e. they do not have cylindrical symmetry), can be quite a challenging numerical task. In this report we present a method of obtaining the impedance of a long, small angle transition from the calculation of a scaled, shorter one. Normally, the actual calculation is obtained from a time domain simulation of the wakefield in the structure, where the impedance can be obtained by performing a Fourier transform. We shall see that the scaled calculation reduces the computer time and memory requirements significantly, especially for 3D problems, and can make the difference between being able to solve a problem or not. The method is based on the parabolic equation approach to solving Maxwell's equation developed in Refs. [1, 2].
NEUROSYSTEMS Connexin26 expression in brain parenchymal cells
Rash, John E.
are known to express the gap junction forming proteins connexin30 (Cx30) and connexin43 (Cx43), but it has remained controversial whether these cells also express connexin26 (Cx26). To investigate this issue with targeted deletion of Cx26 in neuronal and glial cells (Cx26fl / fl:Nestin-Cre mice). The Cx26 antibodies
Automatic Facial Expression Recognition Using Boosted Discriminatory Classifiers
Bowden, Richard
Automatic Facial Expression Recognition Using Boosted Discriminatory Classifiers Stephen Moore {stephen.moore,r.bowden}@surrey.ac.uk Abstract. Over the last two decades automatic facial expression recog a dedicated classifier can be consrtucted to give optimal automatic parameter se- lection of the detector
Time-synchronized Clustering of Gene Expression Trajectories
MĂĽller, Hans-Georg
Time-synchronized Clustering of Gene Expression Trajectories RONG TANG Division of Biostatistics, USA ABSTRACT Current clustering methods are routinely applied to gene expression time course data at different rates, successful clustering in this context requires dealing with varying time and shape patterns
On the Expressive Power of the Unary Transformation Model
Sandhu, Ravi
we analyze the expressive power of a family of access control models called transformation models [10On the Expressive Power of the Unary Transformation Model Ravi S. Sandhu and Srinivas Ganta Center. The Transformation Model (TRM) was recently introduced [10] in the literature by Sandhu and Ganta. TRM is based
Computational Molecular Biology of Genome Expression and Regulation
Computational Molecular Biology of Genome Expression and Regulation Michael Q. Zhang, Ph.D. Cold in genome expression and regulation network in which better modern statistical and machine learning referring to the cellular processes that lead to pro- tein production, is controlled and regulated
Heterocyst Morphogenesis and Gene Expression in Anabaena sp. PCC 7120
Mella Herrera, Rodrigo Andres
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
, diazotrophic grow, and heterocyst morphogenesis. In our studies we characterized the expression of sigma factors genes in Anabaena PCC 7120 during heterocyst differentiation, and we found that the expression of sigC, sigG and sigE is localized primarily...
Explicit Expressions for Moments of Log Normal Order Statistics
Sidorov, Nikita
Explicit Expressions for Moments of Log Normal Order Statistics Saralees Nadarajah First version: 31 December 2006 Research Report No. 23, 2006, Probability and Statistics Group School of Mathematics, The University of Manchester #12;Explicit Expressions for Moments of Log Normal Order Statistics by Saralees
On the expressiveness of CSP A.W. Roscoe
Oxford, University of
On the expressiveness of CSP A.W. Roscoe February 16, 2011 Abstract We define "CSP express every operator of Hoare's CSP. Furthermore we show that every op- erator with CSP-like operational semantics can be simulated in CSP with the addition of an exception-throwing operator P A Q in which any
Diversity of gene expression in adenocarcinoma of the lung
Botstein, David
Diversity of gene expression in adenocarcinoma of the lung Mitchell E. Garber*, Olga G. Troyanskaya Contributed by David Botstein, September 21, 2001 The global gene expression profiles for 67 human lung tumors pathologic analysis. Four main histologic subtypes of lung cancer are regularly distinguished by tumor
TECHNICAL ADVANCE BAR expressolog identification: expression profile similarity
Toronto, University of
TECHNICAL ADVANCE BAR expressolog identification: expression profile similarity ranking with the highest sequence similarity do not necessarily exhibit the highest expression pattern similarity. Other-annotation or more specific annotation. Ultimately, it is envisaged that this pipeline will aid in improvement
Systematic Dissection of the Determinants of HIV Expression Noise
Foley, Jonathan Emmett
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
six days post infection, gene expression was stimulated with 20 ng/ ml tumor necrosis factor-oc (TNF-oc, Sigma-six days post infection, gene expression was stimulated with 20 ng/ml tumor necrosis factor-on (TNF-(1, 29 Sigma-
Small-Scale High-Performance Optics
WILSON, CHRISTOPHER W.; LEGER, CHRIS L.; SPLETZER, BARRY L.
2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Historically, high resolution, high slew rate optics have been heavy, bulky, and expensive. Recent advances in MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) technology and micro-machining may change this. Specifically, the advent of steerable sub-millimeter sized mirror arrays could provide the breakthrough technology for producing very small-scale high-performance optical systems. For example, an array of steerable MEMS mirrors could be the building blocks for a Fresnel mirror of controllable focal length and direction of view. When coupled with a convex parabolic mirror the steerable array could realize a micro-scale pan, tilt and zoom system that provides full CCD sensor resolution over the desired field of view with no moving parts (other than MEMS elements). This LDRD provided the first steps towards the goal of a new class of small-scale high-performance optics based on MEMS technology. A large-scale, proof of concept system was built to demonstrate the effectiveness of an optical configuration applicable to producing a small-scale (< 1cm) pan and tilt imaging system. This configuration consists of a color CCD imager with a narrow field of view lens, a steerable flat mirror, and a convex parabolic mirror. The steerable flat mirror directs the camera's narrow field of view to small areas of the convex mirror providing much higher pixel density in the region of interest than is possible with a full 360 deg. imaging system. Improved image correction (dewarping) software based on texture mapping images to geometric solids was developed. This approach takes advantage of modern graphics hardware and provides a great deal of flexibility for correcting images from various mirror shapes. An analytical evaluation of blur spot size and axi-symmetric reflector optimization were performed to address depth of focus issues that occurred in the proof of concept system. The resulting equations will provide the tools for developing future system designs.
Scaled Experimental Modeling of VHTR Plenum Flows
ICONE 15
2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract The Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is the leading candidate for the Next Generation Nuclear Power (NGNP) Project in the U.S. which has the goal of demonstrating the production of emissions free electricity and hydrogen by 2015. Various scaled heated gas and water flow facilities were investigated for modeling VHTR upper and lower plenum flows during the decay heat portion of a pressurized conduction-cooldown scenario and for modeling thermal mixing and stratification (“thermal striping”) in the lower plenum during normal operation. It was concluded, based on phenomena scaling and instrumentation and other practical considerations, that a heated water flow scale model facility is preferable to a heated gas flow facility and to unheated facilities which use fluids with ranges of density to simulate the density effect of heating. For a heated water flow lower plenum model, both the Richardson numbers and Reynolds numbers may be approximately matched for conduction-cooldown natural circulation conditions. Thermal mixing during normal operation may be simulated but at lower, but still fully turbulent, Reynolds numbers than in the prototype. Natural circulation flows in the upper plenum may also be simulated in a separate heated water flow facility that uses the same plumbing as the lower plenum model. However, Reynolds number scaling distortions will occur at matching Richardson numbers due primarily to the necessity of using a reduced number of channels connected to the plenum than in the prototype (which has approximately 11,000 core channels connected to the upper plenum) in an otherwise geometrically scaled model. Experiments conducted in either or both facilities will meet the objectives of providing benchmark data for the validation of codes proposed for NGNP designs and safety studies, as well as providing a better understanding of the complex flow phenomena in the plenums.
GLOBAL SCALE ATTRIBUTION OF ANTHROPOGENIC AND NATURAL DUST
-scale convective processes producing dust via cold pool (ha- boob) events frequent in monsoon regimes. 1
Multi-Scale Characterization: Evaluation of Microstructural and Superconducting
Multiple Length Scales in 2nd Generation HTS Wire. MultiMulti--Scale Characterization: Evaluation of Across Multiple Length Scales inProperties Across Multiple Length Scales in 22ndnd Generation HTS Wire.Generation HTS Wire. Terry Holesinger and Leonardo Civale Superconductivity Technology Center Los Alamos National
Diurnal oscillation of SBE expression in sorghum endosperm
Sun, Chuanxin; Mutisya, J.; Rosenquist, S.; Baguma, Y.; Jansson, C.
2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
Spatial and temporal expression patterns of the sorghum SBEI, SBEIIA and SBEIIB genes, encoding, respectively, starch branching enzyme (SBE) I, IIA and IIB, in the developing endosperm of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) were studied. Full-length genomic and cDNA clones for sorghum was cloned and the SBEIIA cDNA was used together with gene-specific probes for sorghum SBEIIB and SBEI. In contrast to sorghum SBEIIB, which was expressed primarily in endosperm and embryo, SBEIIA was expressed also in vegetative tissues. All three genes shared a similar temporal expression profile during endosperm development, with a maximum activity at 15-24 days after pollination. This is different from barley and maize where SBEI gene activity showed a significantly later onset compared to that of SBEIIA and SBEIIB. Expression of the three SBE genes in the sorghum endosperm exhibited a diurnal rhythm during a 24-h cycle.
Horn, David
#12;1 National Roadmap Committee for Large-Scale Research Facilities the netherlands' roadmap for large-scale research facilities #12;2 National Roadmap Committee for Large-Scale Research Facilities1 by Roselinde Supheert) #12;3 National Roadmap Committee for Large-Scale Research Facilities The Netherlands
Economic Investigation of Community-Scale Versus Building Scale Net-Zero Energy
Fernandez, Nicholas; Katipamula, Srinivas; Brambley, Michael R.; Reddy, T. A.
2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
The study presented in this report examines issues concerning whether achieving net-zero energy performance at the community scale provides economic and potentially overall efficiency advantages over strategies focused on individual buildings.
A Fault Oblivious Extreme-Scale Execution Environment
McKie, Jim
2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
The FOX project, funded under the ASCR X-stack I program, developed systems software and runtime libraries for a new approach to the data and work distribution for massively parallel, fault oblivious application execution. Our work was motivated by the premise that exascale computing systems will provide a thousand-fold increase in parallelism and a proportional increase in failure rate relative to today’s machines. To deliver the capability of exascale hardware, the systems software must provide the infrastructure to support existing applications while simultaneously enabling efficient execution of new programming models that naturally express dynamic, adaptive, irregular computation; coupled simulations; and massive data analysis in a highly unreliable hardware environment with billions of threads of execution. Our OS research has prototyped new methods to provide efficient resource sharing, synchronization, and protection in a many-core compute node. We have experimented with alternative task/dataflow programming models and shown scalability in some cases to hundreds of thousands of cores. Much of our software is in active development through open source projects. Concepts from FOX are being pursued in next generation exascale operating systems. Our OS work focused on adaptive, application tailored OS services optimized for multi ? many core processors. We developed a new operating system NIX that supports role-based allocation of cores to processes which was released to open source. We contributed to the IBM FusedOS project, which promoted the concept of latency-optimized and throughput-optimized cores. We built a task queue library based on distributed, fault tolerant key-value store and identified scaling issues. A second fault tolerant task parallel library was developed, based on the Linda tuple space model, that used low level interconnect primitives for optimized communication. We designed fault tolerance mechanisms for task parallel computations employing work stealing for load balancing that scaled to the largest existing supercomputers. Finally, we implemented the Elastic Building Blocks runtime, a library to manage object-oriented distributed software components. To support the research, we won two INCITE awards for time on Intrepid (BG/P) and Mira (BG/Q). Much of our work has had impact in the OS and runtime community through the ASCR Exascale OS/R workshop and report, leading to the research agenda of the Exascale OS/R program. Our project was, however, also affected by attrition of multiple PIs. While the PIs continued to participate and offer guidance as time permitted, losing these key individuals was unfortunate both for the project and for the DOE HPC community.
Massively parallel processor networks with optical express channels
Deri, Robert J. (Pleasanton, CA); Brooks, III, Eugene D. (Livermore, CA); Haigh, Ronald E. (Tracy, CA); DeGroot, Anthony J. (Castro Valley, CA)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An optical method for separating and routing local and express channel data comprises interconnecting the nodes in a network with fiber optic cables. A single fiber optic cable carries both express channel traffic and local channel traffic, e.g., in a massively parallel processor (MPP) network. Express channel traffic is placed on, or filtered from, the fiber optic cable at a light frequency or a color different from that of the local channel traffic. The express channel traffic is thus placed on a light carrier that skips over the local intermediate nodes one-by-one by reflecting off of selective mirrors placed at each local node. The local-channel-traffic light carriers pass through the selective mirrors and are not reflected. A single fiber optic cable can thus be threaded throughout a three-dimensional matrix of nodes with the x,y,z directions of propagation encoded by the color of the respective light carriers for both local and express channel traffic. Thus frequency division multiple access is used to hierarchically separate the local and express channels to eliminate the bucket brigade latencies that would otherwise result if the express traffic had to hop between every local node to reach its ultimate destination.
Massively parallel processor networks with optical express channels
Deri, R.J.; Brooks, E.D. III; Haigh, R.E.; DeGroot, A.J.
1999-08-24T23:59:59.000Z
An optical method for separating and routing local and express channel data comprises interconnecting the nodes in a network with fiber optic cables. A single fiber optic cable carries both express channel traffic and local channel traffic, e.g., in a massively parallel processor (MPP) network. Express channel traffic is placed on, or filtered from, the fiber optic cable at a light frequency or a color different from that of the local channel traffic. The express channel traffic is thus placed on a light carrier that skips over the local intermediate nodes one-by-one by reflecting off of selective mirrors placed at each local node. The local-channel-traffic light carriers pass through the selective mirrors and are not reflected. A single fiber optic cable can thus be threaded throughout a three-dimensional matrix of nodes with the x,y,z directions of propagation encoded by the color of the respective light carriers for both local and express channel traffic. Thus frequency division multiple access is used to hierarchically separate the local and express channels to eliminate the bucket brigade latencies that would otherwise result if the express traffic had to hop between every local node to reach its ultimate destination. 3 figs.
Neutrino symmetries from high to low scales
Probir Roy
2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
Proposed symmetry relations, e.g., quark-lepton complementarity (QLC) or tribimaximal mixing (TBM), need to be imposed at a high scale $\\wedge \\sim 10^{12}$ GeV characterising the large masses of right-handed neutrinos required to implement the seesaw mechanism. RG evolution down to the laboratory scale $\\lambda \\sim 10^3$ GeV, generically prone to spoil these relations and their predicted neutrino mixing patterns, can be made to preserve them by appropriately constraining the Majorana phases $\\alpha_{2,3}$. This is explicitly demonstrated in the MSSM for two versions of QLC and two versions of TBM. A preference for $\\alpha_2 \\simeq \\pi$ (i.e. $m_1 \\simeq - m_2$) emerges in each case. Discrimination among the four cases is shown to be possible by future measurements of $\\theta_{13}$.
Scaling of chaos in strongly nonlinear lattices
Mulansky, Mario, E-mail: mulansky@pks.mpg.de [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Potsdam University, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24, D-14476 Potsdam-Golm (Germany) [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Potsdam University, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24, D-14476 Potsdam-Golm (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut für Physik komplexer Systeme, Nöthnitzer Str. 38, D-01187 Dresden (Germany); Institut für Theoretische Physik, TU Dresden, Zellescher Weg 17, D-01069 Dresden (Germany)
2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Although it is now understood that chaos in complex classical systems is the foundation of thermodynamic behavior, the detailed relations between the microscopic properties of the chaotic dynamics and the macroscopic thermodynamic observations still remain mostly in the dark. In this work, we numerically analyze the probability of chaos in strongly nonlinear Hamiltonian systems and find different scaling properties depending on the nonlinear structure of the model. We argue that these different scaling laws of chaos have definite consequences for the macroscopic diffusive behavior, as chaos is the microscopic mechanism of diffusion. This is compared with previous results on chaotic diffusion [M. Mulansky and A. Pikovsky, New J. Phys. 15, 053015 (2013)], and a relation between microscopic chaos and macroscopic diffusion is established.
Inertia and scaling in deterministic lateral displacement
Drazer, Timothy J Bowman German
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The ability to separate and analyze chemical species with high resolution, sensitivity, and throughput is central to the development of microfluidics systems. Deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) is a continuous separation method based on the transport of species through an array of obstacles. In the case of force-driven DLD (f-DLD), size-based separation can be modelled effectively using a simple particle-obstacle collision model. We use a macroscopic model to study f-DLD and demonstrate, via a simple scaling, that the method is indeed predominantly a size-based phenomenon at low Reynolds numbers. More importantly, we demonstrate that inertia effects provide the additional capability to separate same size particles but of different densities and could enhance separation at high throughput conditions. We also show that a direct conversion of macroscopic results to microfluidic settings is possible with a simple scaling based on the size of the obstacles that results in a universal curve.
Mixing lengths scaling in a gravity flow
Ecke, Robert E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rivera, Micheal [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chen, Jun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ecke, Robert E [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present an experimental study of the mixing processes in a gravity current. The turbulent transport of momentum and buoyancy can be described in a very direct and compact form by a Prandtl mixing length model [1]: the turbulent vertical fluxes of momentum and buoyancy are found to scale quadraticatly with the vertical mean gradients of velocity and density. The scaling coefficient is the square of the mixing length, approximately constant over the mixing zone of the stratified shear layer. We show in this paper how, in different flow configurations, this length can be related to the shear length of the flow {radical}({var_epsilon}/{partial_derivative}{sub z}u{sup 3}).
Meso-scale turbulence in living fluids
Wensink, Henricus H; Heidenreich, Sebastian; Drescher, Knut; Goldstein, Raymond E; Löwen, Hartmut; Yeomans, Julia M
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Turbulence is ubiquitous, from oceanic currents to small-scale biological and quantum systems. Self-sustained turbulent motion in microbial suspensions presents an intriguing example of collective dynamical behavior amongst the simplest forms of life, and is important for fluid mixing and molecular transport on the microscale. The mathematical characterization of turbulence phenomena in active non-equilibrium fluids proves even more difficult than for conventional liquids or gases. It is not known which features of turbulent phases in living matter are universal or system-specific, or which generalizations of the Navier-Stokes equations are able to describe them adequately. Here, we combine experiments, particle simulations, and continuum theory to identify the statistical properties of self-sustained meso-scale turbulence in active systems. To study how dimensionality and boundary conditions affect collective bacterial dynamics, we measured energy spectra and structure functions in dense Bacillus subtilis su...
Toward tunable RNA thermo-switches for temperature dependent gene expression
Oscar M. J. A. Stassen; Ruud J. J. Jorna; Bastiaan A. van den Berg; Rad Haghi; Farzad Ehtemam; Steven M. Flipse; Marco J. L. de Groot; Janine A. Kiers; I. Emrah Nikerel; Domenico Bellomo
2011-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
RNA thermometers are mRNA strands with a temperature dependent secondary structure: depending on the spatial conformation, the mRNA strand can get translated (on-state) or can be inaccessible for ribosomes binding (off-state). These have been found in a number of microorganisms (mainly pathogens), where they are used to adaptively regulate the gene expression, in response to changes in the environmental temperature. Besides naturally occurring RNA thermometers, synthetic RNA thermometers have been recently designed by modifying their natural counterparts (Hofacker et al., 2003). The newly designed RNA thermometers are simpler, and exhibit a sharper switching between off- and on-states. However, the proposed trial-and-error design procedure has not been algorithmically formalized, and the switching temperature is rigidly determined by the natural RNA thermometer used as template for the design. We developed a general algorithmic procedure (consensus distribution) for the design of RNA thermo-switches with a tunable switching temperature that can be decided in advance by the designer. A software tool with a user friendly GUI has been written to automate the design of RNA thermo-switches with a desired threshold temperature. Starting from a natural template, a new RNA thermometer has been designed by our method for a new desired threshold temperature of 32C. The designed RNA thermo-switch has been experimentally validated by using it to control the expression of lucifarase. A 9.2 fold increase of luminescence has been observed between 30C and 37C, whereas between 20C and 30C the luminescence increase is less than 3-fold. This work represents a first step towards the design of flexible and tunable RNA thermometers that can be used for a precise control of gene expression without the need of external chemicals and possibly for temperature measurements at a nano-scale resolution.
Inflation in no-scale supergravity
Lahanas, A B
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
$R+R^2$ Supergravity is known to be equivalent to standard Supergravity coupled to two chiral supermultiples with a no-scale K\\"ahler potential. Within this framework, that can accomodate vanishing vacuum energy and spontaneous supersymmetry breaking, we consider modifications of the associated superpotential and study the resulting models, which, viewed as generalizations of the Starobinsky model, for a range of the superpotential parameters, describe viable single-field slow-roll inflation.