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Sample records for arabia syria tunisia

  1. The Relationship of Student Dispositions and Teacher Characteristics with the Mathematics Achievement of Students in Lebanon and Six Arab Countries in TIMSS 2007. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younes, Rayya

    2013-03-22

    . The second study examines the mathematics performance in TIMSS 2007 of 8th grade students in seven Arab countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Tunisia. The effects of positive affect towards mathematics, valuing mathematics, self...

  2. Assessing the entrepreneurial ecosystem in Tunisia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dziri, Mohamed Hedi

    2013-01-01

    Following the Arab Spring and the Tunisian uprising, many saw Tunisia as a country leading change. A strong willingness to act came along with this shift. Mostly, all the stakeholders in the Tunisian society worked towards ...

  3. The State and Outcomes of Higher Education in the Arab World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .0% Lebanon 2.8% Saudi Arabia 1.4% #12;According to published statistics: Only 2.4% attending HEIs. of Patents 1 Saudi Arabia 147 2 UAE 39 3 Egypt 33 4 Morocco 17 5 Tunisia 8 6 Syria 5 7 Algeria, Kuwait 4 each

  4. Iraqi Refugees in Syria Mohamed Kamel Dora1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iraqi Refugees in Syria By Mohamed Kamel Doraï1 Paper Prepared for the Migration and Refugee Movements in the Middle East and North Africa The Forced Migration & Refugee Studies Program The American Refugees in Syria Mohamed Kamel Doraï Researcher - CNRS (National Centre for Scientific Research) IFPO

  5. Why U.S. must step carefully in Syria By Robert G. Rabil, Special to CNN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    , 2003); "Syria, United States and the War on Terror in the Middle East" (Praeger, 2006) and mostWhy U.S. must step carefully in Syria By Robert G. Rabil, Special to CNN updated 5:52 AM EST, Wed Atlantic University. He is the author of "Embattled Neighbors: Syria, Israel and Lebanon" (Lynne Rienner

  6. MICRO-ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES ON TUNISIA'S AGRO-EXPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foltz, Jeremy D.

    study of strawberry adoption in Cap Bon. Results show that Tunisia has been successful in increasing is then evaluated, first in general and then using a specific case study of strawberry adoption in Cap Bon. 2

  7. U.S. and Tunisia to Cooperate on Nuclear Safeguards, Nonproliferation...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Tunisia to Cooperate on Nuclear Safeguards, Nonproliferation and Peaceful Nuclear Energy Infrastructure | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr...

  8. Mapping History: A Web Map for the Study of Archaeological Sites in Turkey and Syria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Everet

    2015-11-26

    Turkey and Syria are countries which are both rich archaeologically. The region is home to what was, in the 4th through 6th centuries, the eastern Roman Frontier. Today archaeological work in this region is unadvisable or impossible due...

  9. Safe havens in Syria : missions and requirements for an air campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haggerty, Brian Thomas

    2014-01-01

    What if the United States had led its NATO allies to intervene in Syria's civil war in the midst of calls for humanitarian intervention in mid-2012? Despite the importance of this question for the study and evaluation of ...

  10. The shape of the support : painting and politics in Syria's twentieth century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lenssen, Anneka (Anneka Erin)

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation offers an intellectual history of painting in Syria in the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s that accounts for new regimes of political representation, from French Mandate rule to the mass mobilizations of ...

  11. Impact of Internet Usage in Saudi Arabia: A Social Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sait, Sadiq M.

    Impact of Internet Usage in Saudi Arabia: A Social Perspective Sadiq M. Sait, KFUPM, Dhahran Arabia was introduced in the late 1990s. Being relatively new, its effects and impact on Saudi society and Society, Social Perspective, Internet Usage, Saudi Arabia INTRODUCTION Society and social systems can

  12. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 160, 2003, pp. 677685. Printed in Great Britain. Tectonic evolution of the NE Palmyride mountain belt, Syria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . 677 Tectonic evolution of the NE Palmyride mountain belt, Syria: the Bishri crustal block GRAHAM BREW1 is a broad NE-plunging inverted basin located at the NE portion of the Palmyride mountain belt where that has driven the evolution of intracontinental Syria. Keywords: Palmyride mountain belt, Syria, seismic

  13. King Fahd University of Petroleum & Dhahran -Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almulhem, Ahmad

    King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran - Saudi Arabia Faculty Promotion Regulations in recognition of their academic accomplishments and achievements. King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

  14. NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Myers, Daryl R. [NREL; Al-Abbadi, Naif [King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite; Wilcox, Steve [NREL

    Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

  15. Education, research, and extension: an evaluation of agricultural institutions in Tunisia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedo, Shannon Hajdik

    2004-09-30

    Texas A&M University of the United States and the Institute National Agronomique de Tunisie (INAT) of Tunisia established a collaborative relationship of mutual exchange of information and ideas for the further advancement ...

  16. Palestinian and Iraqi Refugees and Urban Change in Lebanon and Syria Mohamed Kamel Dora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - 1 - Palestinian and Iraqi Refugees and Urban Change in Lebanon and Syria Mohamed Kamel Doraï and increasing immigration. Due to political instability, the region has one the largest refugee and internally situations, refugee movements are generally long-lasting, and the ends of conflicts do not always mean

  17. Geophysical limitations on the erosion history within Arabia Terra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Alex J.

    The Arabia Terra region, an area of ~1 × 10[superscript 7] km[superscript 2] lying south of the hemispheric dichotomy boundary and centered at (25E, 5N), is a unique physiographic province with topography and crustal ...

  18. Gulf Cooperation Council: Arabia's model of integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etaibi, G.T.

    1984-01-01

    This study is an analysis of the foundations and emergence in 1981 of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), which consists of six traditional Arab Gulf states (the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, and Kuwait). It finds the GCC to be a unique case among twentieth-century integrative schemes. The study also identifies and analyzes relevant local, regional, and international forces. Among the local forces are traditional religio-political systems, economic dependence on a depletable resource, and the presence of a large number of foreign residents. On the regional level, this study takes into consideration such issues as the Arab League, Arab Nationalism, and the Islamic revolutionary movement in Iran. On the international level, the influence of the superpowers and the major industrialized nations on the emergence and future of the GCC Community are analyzed. Throughout the past decade there has been a growing scholarly interest in the Gulf region. In preparation for this study, the author relied heavily on the literature generated by this new research, as well as on documents and official publications, mostly in Arabic. A survey was conducted among a limited number of GCC graduate students during the summer of 1983. In addition, interviews with selected members of the GCC Secretariat-General and various member-state officials were conducted during a research trip in the region in the spring of 1984.

  19. Petroleum potentialities of central Tunisia as deduced from identification and characterization of oil source rocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saidi, M.; Acheche, M.H.; Inoubli, H. (ETAP, Tunis (Tunisia)); Belayouni, H. (Faculte des Sciences de Tunis (Tunisia))

    1991-08-01

    Many potential oil source rocks occur within the Tunisian stratigraphic column, including Silurian-Devonian shales, Albian and upper Albian-Vraconian carbonates, Cenomanian-Turonian black shales and lower Eocene carbonates. This focuses on the inventory of potential oil source rocks in central Tunisia ranging from middle Jurassic to Turonian. The emphasis is on determining their genetic potential and whether they could have generated oil and gas. Geochemical data obtained from the analysis of at least 2,147 samples show this region to be of significant interest as a petroleum prospective area. The main source rocks identified are Toarcian shales, upper Albian-Vraconian carbonates and Cenomanian-Turonian black shales. They contain predominantly type 2 organic matter (oil and gas prone) and are at the low maturity limit of the oil window. The occurrence of those source rocks close to numerous potential reservoir facies supports the conclusion that central Tunisia is a very interesting area for petroleum exploration.

  20. KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Basic Properties of Reservoir. INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 The nature of petroleum 1 1.2 The petroleum reservoir 1 1.3 Significance of rock properties) to asphaltenes containing hundreds of carbon atoms. Like coal, petroleum constitutes a prime source

  1. Renewable Energy Scenarios for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    Renewable Energy Scenarios for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Yasser Al-Saleh, Paul Upham and Khaleel Malik October 2008 Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper 125 #12;Renewable Energy compromising those of future generations. Renewable energy technologies, in particular, are becoming

  2. Factors Influencing an Organisation's Intention to Adopt Cloud Computing in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Factors Influencing an Organisation's Intention to Adopt Cloud Computing in Saudi Arabia Nouf University of Southampton Southampton, United Kingdom rjw1@ecs.soton.ac.uk Abstract--Cloud computing. In developing countries, particularly Saudi Arabia, cloud computing is still not widely adopted. As a result

  3. International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics ICAMEM2010 18-20 December, 2010, Hammamet, Tunisia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aristomenis, Antoniadis

    drilling, in order to be able to describe accurately the complexity as well as to calculate thrust forces-20 December, 2010, Hammamet, Tunisia Kyratsis and Antoniadis 1 ANALYSIS OF PARAMETRIC INFLUENCE ON DRILLING The current paper is dealing with the analysis of the calculated thrust forces during the drilling operation

  4. Sandia Energy - CACTUS Software Download

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay...

  5. Sandia Energy - SNL-ESSC (Sandia National Laboratories - Extreme...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States...

  6. Sandia Energy - MHK Materials Database

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay...

  7. Sandia Energy - Numerical Manufacturing And Design Tool (NuMAD...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States...

  8. Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to:

  9. Stakeholder value network analysis for the energy system of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Francisco J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    Saudi Arabia is experiencing a considerable escalation in its consumption of electricity, provoked by economic progress and population increase. Such an escalation threatens the economic output of the Kingdom: more oil and ...

  10. Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

    2012-01-01

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

  11. Using Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) to Resolve the Major Construction Project Delay Causes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhalid, Khalid Abdullah

    2011-12-16

    Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) has gained attention in the United States and Europe as an effective delivery method for construction projects. The aim of this research paper is to determine the major causes of delay in projects in Saudi Arabia...

  12. Three dimensional geologic modeling of a fractured reservoir, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T.; Grover, G.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-11-01

    A geological assessment of a large carbonate reservoir in Saudi Arabia shows that it is a Type 2 fractured reservoir in which fractures provide the essential permeability. Intercrystalline microporosity, found within the basinally deposited mudstones and wackestones, is the dominant porosity type. Near-vertical, east-west-oriented extension fractures are preferentially localized in low-to-moderate porosities associated with stylolites. Porosity/fracture density relationships, combined with the results of structural curvature mapping, yielded a 3-dimensional model of fracture density. Fracture permeability and fracture porosity distributions were generated by integrating fracture density modeling results with average fracture aperture information derived from well test data. Dramatic differences exist between matrix- and fracture-related porosity, permeability models that help explain observed production behavior within the field. These models are being used by reservoir and simulation engineers for daily reservoir management, history matching, and long-term development drilling planning.

  13. Evidence for Early and Mid-Cryogenian glaciation in the Northern ArabianNubian Shield (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia) ROBERT J. STERN1*, PETER R. JOHNSON2, KAMAL A. ALI1,3 & SUMIT K over broad regions of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt, NW Arabia and possible correlative units diamictite and BIFs of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt and the correlative Nuwaybah diamictite and BIF

  14. Applications of the Array Induction Tool in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zainalabedin, K.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Cao Minh, C.

    1995-11-01

    Since its introduction in Saudi Arabia in 1993, the Array Induction Tool (AIT) has been run extensively in a wide variety of petrophysical environments. These include fresh mud, salty mud, high and low resistivity formations, hydrocarbon-bearing or water-bearing reservoirs in carbonates and clastics sequences. In some examples, the AIT was also run in conjunction with the Phasor Induction (PI) or Dual-Laterolog for comparison purpose. As with any resistivity device, the AIT`s primary product, an accurate Rt measurement, should not be overlooked. However, owing to the AIT`s multiple vertical resolutions and depths of investigation, the authors found that the tool yields additional information about the reservoirs that is not possible with older induction tools. The AIT improves the estimation of Rt in cases of thin laminations, complex invasion profiles or when the borehole correction is critical (wash-out, salty mud, high resistivity). In many instances, permeable beds that are invaded are much easier to identify with the AIT than with dual depths of investigation induction or laterolog tools. a typical case is the interpretation of annulus. Finally, they show the AIT characteristic response in a thing magnetic marker.

  15. Evolution of gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Showail, A.

    1983-01-01

    The beginning of the natural gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia is traced back to 1959 when Aramco embarked on a program to recover natural gas liquids (NGL) for export from low pressure gases such as stabilizer overhead, spheroid, tank farm, and refinery off-gases. The processing scheme involves compression and refrigeration to extract C3+ raw NGL, a raw NGL gathering system, and a fractionation plant to separate propane, butane, and natural gasoline. NGL extracted in Abqaiq and Ras Tanura is moved to Ras Tanura for fractionation, storage, and export. The system, built in several increments, has total design capacity of 500 MMscfd of feed gases to produce 320,000 bpd of NGL composed of 40% propane, 30% butane, and 30% natural gasoline. Phase II of the Saudi gas program envisages collection and processing of associated gas produced with Arabian medium and heavy crude oils largely in the northern onshore and offshore fields. Further domestic development may focus on more diversification in gas product utilization and on upgrading to higher value products.

  16. Gas sweetening in Saudi Arabia in large dga plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huval, M.; Van De Venne, H.

    1981-01-01

    The authors are concerned with the natural gas conditioning by using sweetening agent, diglycolamine or DGA, a trademark name for 2-(2-amino-ethoxy) ethanol or 2-2 hydroxy-ethylamine. This paper describes the use of DGA in Saudi Arabia, where Aramco has several DGA plants to treat large amounts of low pressure associated gas to 1/4 grain gas pipeline specification. The paper also describes the reasons why DGA was selected, some of the special features of these plants and the operating experiences to date. It is demonstrated that DGA is a very potent gas sweetening agent. Sour gases with H/sub 2/S concentrations ranging from 3-8% and with CO/sub 2/ concentrations ranging from 8-14% can be treated in a single contactor with 21 trays producing sweet gas containing 1-2 ppm H/sub 2/S and less than 100 ppm CO/sub 2/. Recommendations for practice are included.

  17. Automated management of radioactive sources in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S.; Jamil, M. F.; Basar, M. R.; Tuwaili, W. R.

    2014-09-30

    For usage of radioactive substances, any facility has to register and take license from relevant authority of the country in which such facility is operating. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), the authority for managing radioactive sources and providing licenses to organizations for its usage is the National Center of Radiation Protection (NCRP). This paper describes the system that automates registration and licensing process of the National Center of Radiation Protection. To provide 24×7 accesses to all the customers of NCRP, system is developed as web-based application that provide facility to online register, request license, renew license, check request status, view historical data and reports etc. and other features are provided as Electronic Services that would be accessible to users via internet. The system also was designed to streamline and optimize internal operations of NCRP besides providing ease of access to its customers by implementing a defined workflow through which every registration and license request will be routed. In addition to manual payment option, the system would also be integrated with SADAD (online payment system) that will avoid lengthy and cumbersome procedures associated with manual payment mechanism. Using SADAD payment option license fee could be paid through internet/ATM machine or branch of any designated bank, Payment will be instantly notified to NCRP hence delay in funds transfer and verification of invoice could be avoided, SADAD integration is discussed later in the document.

  18. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  19. Stratigraphy and sedimentation of the Unayzah reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senalp, M.; Abdulaziz, A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01

    Significant reserves of Arabian super light oil, condensate, and associated gas occur in the various genetically different sandstone bodies of the upper Permian Unayzah and Khuff Formations in Central Saudi Arabia. The Unayzah Formation which rests unconformably on the older formations is composed of red colored, poorly sorted conglomerate, sandstone, siltstone, mudstone, caliche and nodular anhydrite. Facies changes occur due to the presence of various subenvironments and possible faulting and structural growth in the basin during deposition. However, the entire Unayzah Formation shows an overall fining and thinning-upward sequence. It was deposited as coalescing alluvial fans dominated by braided streams which graded into meandering stream and playa lakes under and to semi-arid conditions. Eolian processes were also inferred. A marked unconformity which is indicated by the occurrence of thick caliche and soil horizons separate the Unayzah and the overlying Khuff Formation. The Khuff Formation consists primarily of marine shale, marl, and fine- to very coarse-grained sandstones in the lower parts; shale, limestone, dolomite, and amhydrite in the upper parts. The sandstones were deposited as incised channel fills and their associated low stand deltaic sediments as a result of fluctuating sea level during the deposition of the Khuff Formation. The base of the incised channels represent a sequence boundary. Red colored and rooted paleosols were formed on the underlying marine sediments. During relative sea level rise, good quality reservoir sands were deposited by aggradation within the incised channels. Sand deposition within the channels terminated at the same time, and the area was covered by shallow marine limestones, shales and marls during maximum sea level highstand. Although the Unayzah reservoir occurs in both the Unayzah and the Khuff Formations because of their different geometry, continuity, and reservoir quality, they have been studied separately.

  20. Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    Center, P.O. Box 1086, Taif, Saudi Arabia; 3 c/o VSO Thailand, 301 Hydon Compound, 223 Sukumvit Soi 4, Bangkok 10110, Thailand; 4 Zoological Laboratory, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 14, 9750 AA Haren), sometimes in excess of 50 C, intense solar radiation, desiccating winds, lack of surface water for drinking

  1. Consumption of electricity, heat and water by campus 20122014 Campus Total Otaniemi Tl Arabia Others

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    Consumption of electricity, heat and water by campus 2012­2014 Campus Total Otaniemi Töölö Arabia Others 2014 2013 2012 2014 2013 2012 2014 2013 2012 2014 2013 2012 2014 2013 2012 Electricity consumption (MWh) 37497 38738 39357 31736 34100 33831 2836 2000 2201 2350 2365 3102 576 273 223 Heat consumption

  2. GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

  3. Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

  4. LINEAR AND NON-LINEAR TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING THE MONEY DEMAND FUNCTION: THE CASE OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahafi, Mamdooh

    2009-07-31

    This research is intended to apply linear and non-linear techniques to estimate the money demand function of Saudi Arabia under two alternative approaches using two different measures of monetary aggregates (Divisia and Simple-Sum monetary...

  5. Demonstration and development of control mechanism for radioactive sources in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kheliewi, A. S. [National Center for Radiation Protection King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, P.O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442 (Saudi Arabia)

    2012-06-06

    Saudi Arabia have no nuclear industry. Nevertheless, many radioactive sources, for different purposes, have been used in the country. There is upswing in the number of companies that recruit nuclear technology in their daily work. The National Center for Radiation Protection (NCRP) takes the full commitment and responsibility for monitoring and regulating the movement of radioactive sources in the country. NCRP issues the licenses for import, export, and use of radioactive sources. It, also, protects the country from any trespassing radiation through a sizable net of early warning and radiation monitoring stations along the borders of Saudi Arabia. This paper talks about the procedures of licensing, importing, exporting of radioactive sources. It, also, sheds light on types of implementing radioactive sources in different practices encompass medicine, industry, research. The NCRP has established an electronic web site to ease the communication with all users in the country. This site is yet in the experimental stage.

  6. Modern and Traditional Methods for Measuring Money Supply: The Case of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, William A.; Alkhareif, Ryadh M.

    2015-02-25

    William A. Barnett 1,2,* and Ryadh M. Alkhareif 3 1 Department of Economics, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045-7585, USA 2 Center for Financial Stability, New York, NY 10036, USA 3 Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency, Riyadh 11169, Saudi Arabia; E.... Financial Stud. 2015, 3 50 one-for-one substitutes in producing liquidity services. Broad aggregates, which group currency with time deposits, will certainly fail to satisfy this assumption. Barnett [1,2] proposed monetary indexes that are consistent...

  7. Sale of US military aircraft to Saudi Arabia. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bents, E.R.

    1995-05-01

    The end of the Cold War in the late 1980s resulted in a gigantic downsizing and consolidation of America`s defense industries, as domestic demand plummeted and the volume of international arms trading fell. However, in total world arms exports the United States exports more arms than any other nation. The country of Saudi Arabia has been the destination of a disproportionate amount of these weapons. The following account is an examination of the US military aerospace industry, the world military aerospace market, US government policy concerning arms exports, and the Saudi aerospace market. Each of these entities profoundly impacts US-Saudi military aerospace commerce. By individually analyzing the above factors, it will be demonstrated that the supply relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia is dependent on the convergence of several long standing and deep seated aspirations on the part of the three major players: the US Aerospace Industry, the US Government, and the Saudi Government. The US military aerospace industry`s exports are critical to ensure its independent survival, help fund crucial RD programs, and maintain a viable defense high tech industrial base in the U.S. In addition, it wishes to exert a military presence in the Gulf area and nurture relations with Saudi Arabia in particular, as the world`s leading oil producer. The Saudi government requires a military defense anchored in high tech aerospace systems, as well as a dependable and capable military ally such as the US.

  8. Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian Ostracoda from the Wasia Formation of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

    1983-09-21

    in strata of the same age in Kuwait and Bahrain by Al-Abdul-Raz- zaq (1979) and Al-Abdul-Razzaq and Grosdi- dier (1981), and in Iran by Grosdidier (1973). This supports the suggestion of Al-Abdul-Raz- zaq and Grosdidier (1981) that these ostracodes... five members are named after formations in southeastern Kuwait. The lowest two members are named after areas in Saudi Arabia where they have greatest economic significance. These two lowest members can also be traced northward, where together...

  9. Oil and diplomacy: the evolution of American foreign policy in Saudi Arabia, 1933-1945

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casillas, R.J.

    1983-01-01

    This study examines the transformation of American foreign policy in Saudi Arabia between the years 1933 and 1945. At the beginning of this period American-Saudi relations were negligible. However, by the end of World War II in 1945, American policy-makers had concluded that the Saudi Kingdom was a nation vital to America's long-term economic and strategic interests. This remarkable official about face was the result of several factors including the potential of Saudi Arabian oilfields, the shifting priorities of Washington policy-makers and the lobbying efforts of a Saudi-based American commercial concern, the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO). ARAMCO entered Saudi Arabia in 1933. As the only all-American oil concession in the Middle East they feared European, especially British, interference in their operations. To forestall this possibility, real or imagined, the oilmen turned to Washington for help. Although official assistance was not immediately forthcoming, ARAMCO did find support in the Near Eastern Affairs Division (NEA) of the Department of State.

  10. Selection of a suitable reactor type for water desalination and power generation in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, F.M.

    1988-03-01

    Selection of a reactor type suitable for water desalination and power generation is a complex process that involves the evaluation of many criteria and requires the professional judgment of many experts in different fields. A reactor type that is suitable for one country might not be suitable for another. This is especially true in the case of Saudi Arabia because of its strategic location, the nature of its land and people, and its moderate technological situation. A detailed study using a computer code based on Saaty's mathematical pairwise comparison technique and developed in a previous study was carried out to find the most suitable reactor for water desalination and power generation in Saudi Arabia from among five potential types: boiling water reactors (BWRs), pressurized water reactors, CANDU heavy water reactors (HWRs), steam-generating heavy water reactors (SGHWRs), and high-temperature gas-cooled reactors. It was concluded that the CANDU HWR is the most suitable type for this purpose followed first by the BWR, then the SGHWR.

  11. GeoArabia, 2013, v. 18, no. 2, p. 141-176 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    as representing the deeply weathered top of a salt diapir, whose emplacement had a strong tectonic fault141 GeoArabia, 2013, v. 18, no. 2, p. 141-176 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain Salt intrusions in Jabal, is attributed to deep weathering and dissolution similar to that seen at the surface-piercing salt domes

  12. To What Extent Do High School Islamic Education Teachers in Saudi Arabia Implement Innovative Approaches in Their Teaching? Do Teacher Gender, Academic Qualifications, and Teaching Experiences Matter?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almatari, Bander Muhammad

    2012-12-31

    Abstract The purpose of this present study aimed to examine to what extent high school Islamic education teachers in Saudi Arabia implement innovative approaches in their teaching. Although the extent of implementing ...

  13. The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

    1983-01-01

    This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

  14. Changes in exchange rates and oil prices for Saudi Arabia and other OPEC members

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, R.L.

    1994-12-31

    When the U.S. dollar weakens significantly against currencies of other major trading nations, oil-exporting countries often become concerned about both loss of purchasing power for their imports as well as capital losses on dollar-denominated assets. This paper addresses these issues by (1) examining previous studies, (2) reviewing the historical oil price movements of oil denominated in different G-7 currencies, (3) performing a causality test between changes in exchange rates and the price of oil, (4) using an analytical model to relate changes in exchange rates and the price of oil through the world oil market; and (5) evaluating the gains and losses in terms of purchasing power of Saudi Arabia and other members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries for selected historical periods.

  15. Aramco, the United States, and Saudi Arabia: a study of the dynamics of Foreign Oil Policy, 1933-1950

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, I.H.

    1981-01-01

    A US oil policy towrad Saudi Arabia began emerging as the US moved from a net exporter of petroleum in the 1940s and as the US government realized that Saudi Arabia's vast reserves were under concession to an American Oil Company, Aramco. Anderson reconstructs the years between 1933 and 1950 and provides a case study of the evolution of US foreign oil policy and the complex relationships between the US government and the business world. He draws on diplomatic materials and corporate documents as well as interviews with former corporate and government officials to show that a de facto coalition of government agencies and oil companies had coalesced around the rapid development of Saudi oil by 1950. The policy grew out of a long series of confrontations among competing government agencies and domestic interest groups that finally produced a consensus and left policy implementation in the hands of private enterprise, setting the stage for the events to follow. 251 references, 9 tables.

  16. The status and prospective of environmental radiation monitoring stations in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S.; Holzheimer, Clous

    2014-09-30

    The use of nuclear technology requires an environmental monitoring program to ensure the safety of the environment, and to protect people from the hazards of radioactive materials, and nuclear accidents. Nuclear accidents are unique, for they incur effects that surpass international frontiers, and can even have a long lasting impact on Earth. Such was the case of the Chernobyl accident in the Ukraine on April 6, 1986. For that purpose, international and national efforts come together to observe for any nuclear or radioactive accident. Many states, including Saudi Arabia which oversees the operation of the National Radiation, Environmental and Early Monitoring Stations, The Radiation Monitoring Stations(RMS’s) are currently scattered across 35 cities in the country,. These locations are evaluated based on various technological criteria such as border cities, cities of high population density, wind direction, etc. For new nuclear power plants hovering around, it is strongly recommended to increase the number of radiation monitoring stations to warn against any threat that may arise from a nuclear leak or accident and to improve the performance of the existing RMS’s. SARA (Spectroscopic Monitoring Station for air) should be implemented due to the high sensitivity to artificial radiation, automatic isotope identification, free of maintenance, and fully independent due to solar power supply (incl. battery backup) and wireless communication (GPRS)

  17. Origin and migration of hydrocarbons in the Paleozoic system of Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franz, U.A. (Mobil Exploration and Producing Services, Dallas, TX (United States))

    1991-08-01

    This paper is a progress report on geochemical studies of the sub-Khuff Paleozoic rocks in Saudi Arabia, summarizing current laboratory results from both Saudi Aramco and American companies and their preliminary interpretations. From oil/oil and oil/rock correlations as well as maturity modeling, it may be concluded that sweet sub-Khuff oils, condensates, and gases are closely related to each other, and are derived from a common source: the hot shales of the basal Qusaiba Formation (Lower Silurian). The hydrocarbons that have been discovered in the Hawtah trend must have migrated updip from the presently overmature Rub-Al-Khali depocenter, where oil generation was initiated as early as 160 Ma. The oil window in the Rub-Al-Khali embayment, where active oil and condensate generation is taking place at present, is at depths between approximately 10,000 and 14,000 ft. Oil accumulation housed at depths more than approximately 14,000 {plus minus} 500 ft are being cracked into gas and condensate depending on variations in the generally low geothermal gradients of 1.5 {plus minus} 0.1F/100 ft. The residue of this natural refinery process is pyrobitumen, or deal oil, that is a pore plugging agent in many reservoirs at these depths. All products have very low-sulfur kerogen. The economic impact of these findings is very significant.

  18. Depositional environments, lithofacies types, and reservoir development of the Permian Khuff Formation in Eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Jallal, I.A. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01

    The Later Permian carbonates and evaporites of the Khuff Formation contain considerable amounts of gas in Ghawar field, eastern Saudi Arabia. Sedimentary structures, textures, and grain types were used to interpret the depositional environments and to define the different lithofacies types which determine the original reservoir face is distribution within this 1,500-ft-thick formation. There are three major depositional environments: subtidal, intertidal, and sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha islands, and sabkha pans. Tidal flooding and storms are represented. These environments represent four major transgressive-regressive cycles, which conform to four Khuff units: Khuff A, B, C and D (from youngest to oldest). Transgressive phases (subtidal), with lithofacies of grainstones and horizontally burrowed mudstones usually comprise the reservoir facies. The regressive phases (intertidal and sabkha) with lithofacies of anhydritic mudstones and anhydrites, usually seal the Khuff reservoirs. Later disappearance of reservoir facies are due to deposition or diagenesis. Depositionally, the lateral change in facies may occur, for example, from a non-reservoir anhydrite and mudstone facies to a reservoir grainstone facies, or from a non-reservoir anhydritic mudstones to a reservoir burrowed-mudstone facies. Diagenetically, ooid grainstones may be greatly cemented by anhydrite. A combination of dolomitization and leaching may create intercrystalline porosity in mudstone. Leaching creates poorly connected moldic porosity in grainstones because the resulting calcite cement plugs the interparticle porosity.

  19. Geologic constraints to fluid flow in the Jurassic Arab D reservoir, eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laing, J.E. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01

    A giant oil field located in eastern Saudi Arabia has produced several billion barrels of 37{degree} API oil from fewer than 100 wells. The Upper Jurassic Arab Formation is the main producing unit, and is made up of a series of upward-shoaling carbonate and anhydrite members. Porous carbonates of the Arab D member make up the principle oil reservoir, and overlying Arab D anhydrite provides the seal. Principal reservoir facies are stromatoporoid-coral and skeletal grainstones. Reservoir drive is currently provided by flank water injection. Despite more than 30 years of flank water injection (1.5 billion bbl) into the northern area of the field, a thick oil column remains in the Arab D reservoir. Geological factors which affect fluid flow in this area are (1) a downdip facies change from permeable skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone to less permeable micritic limestone, (2) vertical permeability barriers resulting from shoaling-upward cycles, (3) a downdip tar mat, (4) dolomite along the flanks in the upper portion of the reservoir, (5) highly permeable intervals within the skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone, and (6) an updip, north to south facies change from predominantly stromatoporoid-coral grainstone to skeletal grainstone. These factors are considered in reservoir modeling, simulation studies, and planning locations for both water injection and producer wells.

  20. Unayzah Formation: a new Permian-Carboniferous unit in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Laboun, A.A.

    1987-01-01

    The sandstones, shales, and thin beds of argillaceous limestone previously included as the basal part of the Permian Khuff Formation were described as the Unayzah Formation by al-Laboun in 1982 and 1986. The type locality (stratotype.) of this formation is in the town of Unayzah, and a reference section was established in the Qusayba area, al-Qasim district, Saudi Arabia. Fossil flora collected from outcrops and palynomorphs obtained from boreholes support a Late Carboniferous-Early Permian age for these strata. The Unayzah Formation is conformably overlain by the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation, whereas its basal contact is marked by a regional angular unconformity with various older units. The Unayzah Formation is widespread in the Greater Arabian basin. The formation represents cyclic transgressive and regressive deposits preceding the Permian regional marine transgression, during which the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation were deposited. This Permian transgression marked a major change in the Sedimentation and evolution of the Greater Arabian basin. The porous sandstones of the Unayzah Formation are important exploration targets because several fields in the eastern and southeastern parts of the Greater Arabian basin produce hydrocarbons from the Unayzah. 11 figures, 1 table.

  1. Tectonic subsidence and uplift history of UAE foreland basinGeoArabia, vol. 14, no. 2, 2009, p. 17-44 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    17 Tectonic subsidence and uplift history of UAE foreland basinGeoArabia, vol. 14, no. 2, 2009, p extension, and the flexural effects of ophiolite load emplacement. The tectonic subsidence and uplift for the general exponential decrease that is observed in the tectonic subsidence and uplift between 210 Ma and 95

  2. Geo-Information Systems for the Middle EastGeoArabia, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2000 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    295 Geo-Information Systems for the Middle EastGeoArabia, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2000 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain Design and Development of Information Systems for the Geosciences: An Application to the Middle are developing a comprehensive Solid Earth Information System (SEIS). The complex nature of the solid earth

  3. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 361 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  4. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 360 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  5. Integrated Core-based Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy and Diagenesis of the Lower Cretaceous (Barremian–Aptian), Biyadh and Shu'aiba Formations, a Giant Oil Field, Saudi Arabia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghamdi, Nasser Mohammad S.

    2013-07-29

    -1 INTEGRATED CORE-BASED SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY, CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY AND DIAGENESIS OF THE LOWER CRETACEOUS (BARREMIAN?APTIAN), BIYADH AND SHU'AIBA FORMATIONS, A GIANT OIL FIELD, SAUDI ARABIA A Dissertation by NASSER MOHAMMAD S. AL-GHAMDI Submitted... .......................................................................... 13 Methodology and Data Sets ........................................................... 16 Facies Description .......................................................................... 19 Sequence Stratigraphy...

  6. Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

    2012-07-16

    This work was conducted to help understand a premature and irregular water breakthrough which resulted from a waterflooding project in the increment II region of Haradh oilfield in Saudi Arabia using different geophysical methods. Oil wells cannot...

  7. Integration of 3-D seismic data with reservoir modeling of a stratigraphically complex reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simms, S.C. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01

    A 425-km[sup 2], three-dimensional (3-D) seismic survey was shot in 1992 over one of the recently discovered oil fields in central Saudi Arabia. The primary objective of this survey was to provide stratigraphic control within a complex fluvial reservoir. The Permian age reservoir is a multistory, multilateral sequence of sandstones interbedded with nonproductive mudstones and siltstones. The seismic data were integrated with well control from over 50 wells to produce a 3-D geologic model of the reservoir. Numerous examples of the seismic and well data are presented in this case history. Stratigraphic cross sections through the wells illustrate that the complex nature of the reservoir and seismic sections through these wells show good correlation between seismic character and stratigraphy. Meandering channels and massive siltstone/mudstone bodies are clearly visible on seismic horizon slices and time slices. Faulting is evident on both seismic section at times slices. Acoustic impedance sections produced from both forward and inverse modeling of the seismic data are compared with geologic models of porosity and lithology based on well control alone. Good correlation between acoustic impedance and porosity/lithology allow the use of the seismic data to guide the model between well locations. A geostatistical approach was used to interpolate between well control using the inverted seismic as [open quotes]soft data.[close quotes] 3-D visualization of the geological model illustrates increasing complexity from well control only to an integrated model.

  8. Potential petroleum source rock deposition in the middle Cretaceous Wasia Formation, Rub'Al Khali, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newell, K.D.; Hennington, R.D.

    1983-03-01

    Stratigraphic correlation and regional geochemical sampling in the Rub'Al Khali (The Empty Quarter) of Saudi Arabia indicate at least two potential petroleum source rock units occur in the middle Cretaceous Wasia Formation. These two sequences, informally named the Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif, are dominated by oil-prone amorphous (Type II) organic matter, in places in excess of 10 weight percent organic carbon. Both units are fine-grained pelagic lime mudstones which were probably deposited in relatively quiet anoxic waters of large intraplatform embayments or basins. The Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif reflect strong marine transgressions on the Arabian craton in Albian to Cenomanian and Cenomanian to Turonian time, respectively. Regressive-phase sedimentary rocks overlying these two transgressive organic-rock phases are generally poor in organic carbon despite being deposited, in part, in similar forereef open-marine depositional settings. The sealevel high-stands associated with the Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif are partly synchronous with two recently described ''oceanic anoxic events'' respectively occurring in late Barremian to late Albian time and late Cenomanian to early Turonian time. Although there is a credible time correlation of these organic-rock units with oceanic anoxic events, their connection to oceanic anoxic events could be strengthened if they could be traced out to the vicinity of the middle Cretaceous continental margin.

  9. A depositional model in the Arabian Intrashelf basin: The Upper Jurassic Hanifa reservoir of Abqaiq field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D.L. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-03-01

    Abqaiq field is a northeast-trending anticline approximately 60 km long and 12 km wide and contains several reservoirs. The 100 m thick Hanifa Reservoir interval consists of interlayered peloidal packstone and wackestone with subordinate dolomite and anhydrite. During an Upper Jurassic relative sea level lowstand, paleotopography within the Arabian Intrashelf basin localized fine-grained packstone into isolated mounds over the Abqaiq South Dome area, while muddier facies were being deposited over the North Nose. The Abqaiq Hanifa carbonate mound was zoned using sequence stratigraphy as a conceptual framework to ensure that chronostratigraphic relationships were honored, and that the subsequent computer model would therefore accurately reflect spatial porosity continuity within the reservoir. The Hanifa Reservoir was subdivided into five widely correlative zones that approximate separate parasequences, each beginning with tight mudstone-wackestone and grading upward into porous wackestone-packstone. Sequence stratigraphy interpretations are based on regional wireline log correlations combined with core descriptions and show the Abqaiq Hanifa to be time equivalent to only the upper few meters of the Hanifa Reservoir in fields to the north. In addition to reservoir modeling utility, these two general intrashelf basin settings have potential for stratigraphic traps. Wherever reservoir-quality rock can be found, proximity to the Hanifa/Hadriya source rocks-the source for much of Saudi Arabia's vast reserves-makes the Hanifa a favorable exploration target.

  10. Geochemical analysis of reservoir continuity and connectivity, Arab-D and Hanifa Reservoirs, Abqaiq Field, Saudia Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahdi, A.A.; Grover, G. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Hwang, R. [Chevron Petroleum Technology Co., La Habra, CA (United States)] [and others

    1995-08-01

    Organic geochemistry and its integration with geologic and reservoir engineering data is becoming increasingly utilized to assist geologists and petroleum engineers in solving production related problems. In Abqaiq Field of eastern Saudi Arabia, gas chromatographic analysis (FSCOT) of produced oils from the Arab-D and Hanifa reservoirs was used to evaluate vertical and lateral continuity within and between these reservoirs. Bulk and molecular properties of produced Arab-D oils do not vary significantly over the 70 km length and 10 km width of the reservoir. Hanifa oils, however, do reflect two compositionally distinct populations that are hot in lateral communication, compatible with the occurrence of a large oil pool in the southern part of the field, and a separate, and smaller northern accumulation. The Arab-D and underlying Hanifa oil pools are separated by over 450 feet of impermeable carbonates of the Jubaila Formation, yet the Southern Hanifa pool and the Arab-D have been in pressure communication since onset of Hanifa production in 1954. Recent borehole imaging and core data from horizontal Hanifa wells confirmed the long suspected occurrence of fractures responsible for fluid transmissibility within the porous (up to 35%) but tight (<10md matrix K) Hanifa reservoir, and between the Hanifa and Arab-D. The nearly identical hydrocarbon composition of oils from the Arab-D and southern Hanifa pool provided the final confirmation of fluid communication between the two reservoirs, and extension of a Hanifa fracture-fault network via the Jubaila Formation. This work lead to acquisition of 3-D seismic to image and map the fracture-fault system. The molecular fingerprinting approach demonstrated that produced oils can be used to evaluate vertical and lateral reservoir continuity, and at Abqaiq Field confirmed, in part, the need to produce the Hanifa reservoir via horizontal wells to arrest the reservoir communication that occurs with existing vertical wells.

  11. Syria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEuropeEnergySustainabilitySynapsenseSyracuse, New York:

  12. Damascus, Syria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHELEurope LimitedDakshidin Ltd Jump to:Jump

  13. Admission and Employment Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    , Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Venezuela, Vietnam and business plan projects. They make lasting connections with faculty and other members of the Carroll School Corporation Dunkin' Brands, Inc. EMC Corporation Ernst & Young Evergreen Solar, Inc. ExxonMobil Corporation

  14. The Arab Spring: The Economic Conditions that Bred a Political Uprising 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Kimberly Ann

    2014-08-07

    : Youth bulge boiling over......................................................................... 10 Libya: Oil rich failure ......................................................................................... 13 Jordan: The eye... Asia includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. 0 5 000 10 000 15 000 20 000 25 000 30 000 0 -4 5 -9...

  15. Tunisia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)OpenEnergyTrailTrosky,EnergyTullahassee,Tunica

  16. Tunisia-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:Tucson Electric Power CoClean TechnologyIAEA

  17. InternationalisationInternationalisation at theat the University ofUniversity of SfaxSfax, Tunisia, Tunisia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and economic environments, local representatives, university faculty, students, teachers, ... o Acceptance

  18. Cotton breeding program in Syria from 1981 to 1986 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zibdieh, Ahmed

    1988-01-01

    and 1. 118 inches for Aleppo-40, Tashkent-3 and Aleppo-1, respectively. Aieppo43-1 was the best in stelometer strength measuring 22. 21 g/tex. There were no signfficant dNerences in the yields between the commercial cultivars and Deltapine 41 in Deir... for encouraging me at every step in my study at ASM University, for providing me with the extremely valuable assistance and advices in discussing the study. Thanks to the members of my committee, Qr. J. T. Cowmen, Dr. J. K. Walker, Dr. E. A. Percival...

  19. Memory of generations: time, narrative and kinship in Damascus, Syria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honeysett, Bethany Eleanor

    2013-07-02

    ‘Bless you, may you bury me’ is a common refrain among older people in the Syrian capital Damascus, directed especially towards children and young adults when they help with daily tasks or provide joy by their play or ...

  20. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01

    Greece Tunisia Togo Thailand Liberia Morocco Niger Cote d’Madagascar Rwanda Tunisia Liberia Cameroon Sri Lanka Tunisia

  1. Tunisia-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:Tucson Electric Power CoClean Technology Fund

  2. Tunisia-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:Tucson Electric Power CoClean Technology FundDLR

  3. Tunisia-GTZ Promotion of EERE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:Tucson Electric Power CoClean Technology

  4. Tunisia-REEEP Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:Tucson Electric Power CoClean

  5. Saudi Arabia: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    This paper reports on the Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco), the only operator in the country, that has accelerated its production expansion program aimed at boosting capacity from the current 8.5 million bpd to 10 million bpd. Initially expected to be completed by 1999, it now appears a sustainable 10 million bpd rate may be attainable by 1996. By this time next year, at least nine major onshore projects will have been started as well as five offshore. Included will be development of Hawtah, the initial oil discovery in the Central province south of Riyadh. The program also means significantly increased drilling. In fact, 1991 completions should easily double those of last year.

  6. Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Undergraduate Bulletin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Alfy, El-Sayed

    of the publisher. Registered at King Fahd National Library under Legal Deposit No. 1058/15 on 19/5/1415H Printed. It summarizes KFUPM policies, procedures, services and selected activities. It also gives information on admission criteria, academic regulations and requirements, the programs offered by academic departments

  7. Saudi Arabia 2007/2008 Calibration Checks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    above 50 # cm-3 . #12;Mali, West Africa The 1 Hz cloud droplet concentration at standard temperature and pressure versus pressure altitude for all Mali 2006 (Top-Blue) and Mali 2007 (Bottom-Red) measurements Saudi W08 554319 191113 62Top Mali 2007 417255 13678 56Top Mali 2006 623388 227119 62Bottom Mali

  8. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB Packet HanfordDOEDanielDeSmallDevelopment of AdvancedDewey

  9. Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEastCarbonOpen EnergyPonsa,Sasol Chevron Jump

  10. Middle Eastern power systems; Present and future developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Middle Eastern Power systems have evolved independently of each other over many decades. The region covers a wide geographical area of over 4 million square kilometers with an estimated population in 1990 of over 120 million people. This paper discusses the present status and future power system developments in the Middle East with emphasis on the Mashrequ Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Interconnections within MAC and possible extensions to Turkey, Europe, and Central Africa are discussed. A common characteristic of the MAC power systems is that they are all operated by government or semi-government bodies. The energy resources in the region are varied. Countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Syria have significant hydro power resources. On the other hand, the GCC countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel reserves.

  11. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1987-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

  12. Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

    1988-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  13. Developing heritage : activist decision-makers and reproduced narratives in the Old City of Aleppo, Syria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baird-Zars, Bernadette (Bernadette Virginia)

    2010-01-01

    Aleppo's rehabilitation project has received plaudits for its comprehensive pro-resident approach and an active stance to limit gentrification and touristification. As this objective goes against many of the structural and ...

  14. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of the Arabian Horse Populations from Syria and other Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khanshour, Anas M

    2013-07-05

    as c testing usi lites analys enetic analy segments e 2 shows ified fragm ample of S are th tes s). the ng is, sis of an ent TR gen res Fig hom wit sou mic alle otyping in pectively. ure 3: An il ozygous...

  15. Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

    1994-12-01

    Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

  16. Cohomologie de de Rham Alberto Arabia & Zoghman Mebkhout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arabia, Alberto

    ............................................... 10 2.2.6. [II] LPG. Lemme de Poincar´e global pour l'espace affine .............................................. 13 2.3.6. [III] LPG. Lemme de Poincar´e global pour l'espace affine

  17. Gas custody measurement accuracy improved in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, I. (Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1994-06-06

    To comply with new and more accurate gas measurement standards, Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) modified software for existing flow computers and installed an on-line gas chromatograph for measuring natural gas and ethane-rich gas sales. For gases of varying composition (e.g., ethane-rich gas), a knowledge of the pressure, volume, and temperature (PVT) relationship is required for determining supercompressibility factors. The BWR-Starling equation of state was determined to best represent ethane-rich gas properties and is programmed in the new flow computers. The paper discusses gas sales, previous installations, previous calculations, revised calculations, application to ethane-rich gas, the orifice-flow constant, and field modifications of computers.

  18. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Zaid, Ahmad Abdulaziz

    2012-12-31

    Granted in Exchange for Patent or Franchise Rights, So-Called “Founders’ Shares” .................................................... 88 a. Definition and Requirements ...................................................... 88 b. Founders.../12/2006) based on the Capital Market Law issued by Royal Decree No. M/30 dated 6/2/1424AH Amended by Resolution of the Board of the Capital Market Authority Number 1-1-2009 Dated 1/8/1430H Corresponding to 1/5/2009G. 5 will then address an important step...

  19. GE Opens Research Center in Saudi Arabia | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    initiatives in localization, technology innovation and manufacturing to drive country's digital transformation by 2020 Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share...

  20. UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar Carnegie Mellon University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Healthcare Benefits International/ In Network US Out of Network US Hospital Charges Nursing, accommodation Immunizations Paid in Full Paid in Full Adult Travel Vaccinations Paid in Full Paid in Full Adult Preventive

  1. version 25Apr11b From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Blogs: 1. Global Fracking http://globalfracking.blogspot.com/ 2. Middle East and North African Oil http

  2. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    business leaders in Jordan. He will also travel to the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Egypt, to continue dialogues with global leaders, enhance the United States' relationship...

  3. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEast Jump to:Ridgway, Colorado:RistmaRix

  4. GE Opens Research Center in Saudi Arabia | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find whatGasEnergyfeatureCleanperformanceCareers TheNewsroom

  5. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTIONEnergy ScientistsinArab Emiratesandof

  6. Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget ||Department

  7. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHELEuropeLage LandenDespatchEfficientDhahran,

  8. Tunisia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)OpenEnergyTrailTrosky,EnergyTullahassee,Tunica County,Tunica,in

  9. EUROMED Sustainable Connections: 4.3 Community Profile Jlioula, Tunisia 1 COMMUNITY PROFILE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    the Christian era (2,000 BC), well before it was introduced to North Africa by the Romans. The medical, and is antiseptic as well as diuretic. As far as other uses for olives and olive wood are concerned, its oil is used. Olive oil is also used to perfume, massage, and keep the scalp and skin healthy, and is especially

  10. New data on the characterization of humic substances extracted from phosphatised faecal "pellets" (Tunisia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    New data on the characterization of humic substances extracted from phosphatised faecal "pellets, Université Tunis El Manar, 1060, Tunis, Tunisie Humic substances (HS) were extracted from faecal "pellets of the organic matter within the pellets, both from a qualitative and quantitative point of view. The elemental

  11. Visitors' attitudes toward the maintenance, preservation and development of Ichkeul National Park, Tunisia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Alanna Lee

    1990-01-01

    the actions of other group members. Second, the outdoor recreation activities of Ichkeul National Park visitors are surveyed. Third, the relationship between recreation activities and attitudes about resource preservation or development at Ichkeul...). Cross and Guyer (1980) propose that social dilemmas should be divided into two categories. They call the first a "social fence" and the second a "social trap. " In a social fence the disagreeable, short-term consequences of helpful actions discourage...

  12. Tunisia-Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:Tucson Electric Power Co Jump

  13. Tunisia-Capacity Development for GHG inventories and MRV | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:Tucson Electric Power Co JumpInformation

  14. Tunisia-Capacity Development for GHG inventories and MRV | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:Tucson Electric Power Co

  15. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering -Graduate Post Graduate Activities Detail & History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    Saudi Aramco* Process Engineer Dhahran SAUDI ARABIA MENG Saudi Aramco* Engineer Dhahran SAUDI ARABIA MS

  16. Caught in the Crossfire: Explanations of Insurgency Use of Indiscriminate Violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Court ISIS Islamic State of Iraq and Syria LP-28 28 th ofand the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) influence theSyrian Army and Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), one

  17. Ceramic vessel production, use and distribution in Northern Mesopotamia and Syria during the Middle Bronze Age II (c. 1800-1600 BC). A functional analysis of vessels from Tell Ahmar, North Syria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perini, Silvia

    2014-07-03

    The aim of this research is to investigate the functions of ceramic vessels from two well-defined contexts at Tell Ahmar that have been dated to the Middle Bronze Age II (c. 1800-1600 BC). In addition, correlations between socioeconomic activities...

  18. Traditional building trades and crafts in changing socio-economic realities and present aesthetic values : case studies in Syria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abed, Jamal H

    1988-01-01

    Traditional building trades and crafts made a major contribution to the quality and the character of architecture in the past. The advent of industrialization in the name of modernization eclipsed these building trades and ...

  19. Artificial Borders and Mass Violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez, Nathan

    2014-01-01

    the Iraq-Syria border, 2014 (Vice News, The Islamic State,Islamic State (IS) group crossed over from Syria into Iraq

  20. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    parameters like initial mud weight used for drilling, mud weight increment and problems per well were used for drilling horizontal wells. These parameters were used first on the drilling data of vertical wells. The developed procedure was then applied to the drilling data of directional wells to show the dependence of mud

  1. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    will save many producing wells from dying prematurely and save millions of dollars in produced water

  2. From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    : Has an era of "Resource Wars" dawned? Has world oil production "peaked"? Would this mean "an end the new globalized oil system that slowly replaced the old neo colonial one during the decadeIsrael and Nigeria? We will analyze the new globalized oil system that slowly replaced the old neocolonial one

  3. Urban dwelling environments in rapidly growing cities : case study, Unayzah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alohali, Yousef Nasser

    1983-01-01

    The study is concerned with two critical issues: a) the housing situation of middle income groups; b) the use of land in new developments. A tentative planning model for urban land development and a survey of existing ...

  4. Construction management and its application to the delivery of the Lamar Towers in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassouf, Ronald Elie

    2011-01-01

    Construction Management (CM) is becoming the delivery method of choice for constructing complicated projects. Previously, the most common method to employ was the General Contracting method, where the contractor and designer ...

  5. Nesting Biology of the Leafcutting Bee Megachile minutissima (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in Central Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Hannan, Mohammed A.; Gonzalez, Victor H.; Engel, Michael S.

    2014-05-01

    The leafcutting bee Megachile (Eutricharaea) minutissima Radoszkowski is a widely distributed species in the Middle East and a promising pollinator of alfalfa. We provide information on the nest architecture, foraging ...

  6. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Comparisons of over 5000 fractures identified from core and borehole image data with open-hole log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. The effect of structural curvature on fracture intensity in the reservoir was estimated by mapping the derivative of structural dip. Incorporation of structural curvature explained variations in well test behavior not predicted by initial estimates of fracture density from porosity alone. Resultant fracture permeabilities compared favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix-related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (>50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  7. Renewable success : development of good architecture in the case of Arriyadh Development Authority, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhabbaz, Mohammed H

    2010-01-01

    ArRiyadh Development Authority (ADA) is an unusual city development authority within the Saudi Arabian government hierarchy. Part of its responsibilities is coordinating and overseeing the design and building of buildings ...

  8. DGA proves out as a low pressure gas sweetener in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huval, M.; van de Venne, H.

    1981-08-17

    Aramco is successfully using diglycolamine (DGA) to treat low-pressure associated sour gases to 1/4 gr H/sub 2/S/100 SCF specifications. The DGA process meets the design criteria of (1) handling high acid-gas-content (up to 15%) feed gases, (2) sweetening at high temperatures (120/sup 0/-140/sup 0/F) and low pressures (120-180 psig), (3) removing both H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/ in a single step and (4) providing a Claus-plant feed suitable for the production of bright-yellow (rather than black) sulfur.

  9. A continental clastic depositional model for the Permian Unayzah formation, Hawtah field, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01

    The Permian Unayzah Formation lies unconformably on the Silurian Qusaiba Member of the Qalibah Formation. The pre-Unayzah unconformity (PUU) represents a Hercynian tectonic event responsible for uplift and erosion representing 100-150 m.y. worth of missing section along the Hawtah Trend. Overlying the PUU, the Unayzah clastic sequence is comprised of locally sourced sediments from the adjacent paleotopography. Above the thin veneer of locally sourced sediments is a more regionally sourced, confined braided stream sequence, which completely backfills the existing paleotopography. Once the paleotopographic surface had been leveled, the depositional environment changed from a confined braided stream to a broad braided plain. Within this sequence of vertically stacked and laterally migrating braided plain sediments, the bulk of the reservoirs within the Hawtah field are contained. As the transgressive Khuff seas continue to encroach on the Unayzah depositional system, the upper-most sediments of the broad braided plan environment are reworked by transgressive coastal processes. The resulting reworked shoreface and shallow-marine facies are genetically related to the Khuff transgression and lie unconformably on the Unayzah continental clastics.

  10. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Comparisons of over 5000 fractures identified from core and borehole image data with open-hole log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. The effect of structural curvature on fracture intensity in the reservoir was estimated by mapping the derivative of structural dip. Incorporation of structural curvature explained variations in well test behavior not predicted by initial estimates of fracture density from porosity alone. Resultant fracture permeabilities compared favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix-related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (>50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  11. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Integration of borehole imaging data with available open-hole log, core, and well-test data from horizontal and vertical wells allowed for the distribution of fracture parameters, including fracture density, aperture, porosity, and permeability throughout a geocellular model. Analysis of over 5000 fractures showed that changes in lithology, grain size, and/or bed thickness do not correlate with changes in fracture densities. Review of P- and S-wave log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. Fracture permeabilities compare favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix- related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (ER 50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  12. Indirect fracture delineation in a carbonate reservoir: The Upper Jurassic Hanifa of Abqaiq field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D.L. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-03-01

    Abqaiq field is a northeast-trending anticline approximately 60 km long and 12 km wide and contains several reservoirs. The Hanifa Reservoir is approximately 100 m thick and consists of fine-grained, muddy limestone with subordinate dolomite and anhydrite. Since discovery of the Hanifa oil pool in 1947, pressure fluctuations have indicated communication with the overlying Arab-D Reservoir. Welltest permeability measurements are approximately 40 times higher than core permeability measurements of the Hanifa. This divergence of Hanifa permeability measurements combined with the indicated Arab-D communication suggests the presence of a natural fracture network. Direct observations of Hanifa cores reveal common, sub-vertical fractures with average apertures <200 microns. With limited core coverage and no oriented cores, a new technique was needed to delineate the areas affected by fractures. A technique combining indirect fracture indicators was devised for Abqaiq field and can be applied to other, similar fields. The actual flow system of the Abqaiq Hanifa is a complex interaction between matrix porosity/permeability and fracture permeability or enhanced permeability. Future development plans allow for low matrix permeability access to much of the Hanifa storage space and high fracture permeability both within the Hanifa and connecting to the Arab-D Reservoir.

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    (OECD) U.S. China Huge growth in oil demand is projected from the developing world IEA: World Energy Outlook 2009 Change in primary oil demand 2007 - 2030 15 20 25 Energy...

  14. Application of Surrogate Reservoir Model (SRM) to an Onshore Green Field in Saudi Arabia; Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    at the North Africa Technical Conference and Exhibition held in Cairo, Egypt, 20­22 February 2012. This paper (KPIs) that rank the influence of different reservoir characteristics on the oil and gas production

  15. In search of a direction in the contemporary architecture of Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Sikander I

    1988-01-01

    There is a new breed of contemporary buildings evolving in the Middle East that incorporates all the pragmatic functions of the 20th century, but, at the same time, attempts to capture the spirit of the indigenous architecture ...

  16. Societal and technical issues in the industrial development of Saudi Arabia and Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundukulam, Vibin A. (Vibin Anto)

    2011-01-01

    Sustained industrial development in developing nations has been an impetus for economic growth and technological advancements for the past several decades, in addition to being a major contributor to poverty reduction. ...

  17. Early Mars hydrology: Meridiani playa deposits and the sedimentary record of Arabia Terra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews-Hanna, Jeffrey C.

    The Meridiani Planum region of Mars has been identified as a region of past aqueous activity by a combination of orbital and in situ observations that revealed evidence for sulfate-rich dirty evaporites formed in a playa ...

  18. GPS constraints on continental deformation in the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia continental collision zone and implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    the Arabian plate, adjacent parts of the Zagros and central Iran, Turkey, and the Aegean/Peloponnesus relative shortening along the Caucasus and Zagros mountain belts around the periphery of the collision zone

  19. Mantle convection in the Middle East: Reconciling Afar upwelling, Arabia indentation and Aegean trench rollback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Thorsten W.

    Zagros and Bitlis collision zone. The recently established westward flow dragged Anatolia and pushed volcanism, the collision in the Bitlis mountains and northern Zagros, and the rapid increase of Aegean, producing spreading in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden and collision against Eurasia along the Bitlis­Zagros

  20. Rationale of the map The collision between Eurasia and Africa-Arabia started in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    Mediterranean) and collision (e.g. the Zagros or Caucasus belts). Convergence is accompanied by deformation

  1. In-situ evidence for dextral active motion at the Arabia-India plate boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    drillings, the uplift of the Owen Ridge was dated Early Miocene12 and was related to vertical motions on its using a Kongsberg-Simrad EM120 deep-water multibeam echo-sounder. Sea-bottom reflectivity coverage

  2. Geochemical, UPb zircon, and Nd isotope investigations of the Neoproterozoic Ghawjah Metavolcanic rocks, Northwestern Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    -Ichi Kimura b , Martin J. Whitehouse c , Sumit K. Mukherjee d , Peter R. Johnson e , William R. Griffin positive Nd (+5.4 to +8.2) and a mean model age of 0.71 Ga. Ghawjah volcanic rocks are similar

  3. Lean Production Using Modular Construction: Study of the Ministry of Education's Projects in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alshayeb, Mohammed Jawad

    2011-12-16

    Implementation of lean production theory into the construction industry represents a tremendous opportunity to improve productivity in construction and reduce waste. Lean production, first applied in Toyota’s manufacturing process, is based...

  4. Industrial experience at the Arabian American Oil Company in Saudi Arabia: an internship report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akkad, Ruwaid Ahmed, 1943-

    2013-03-13

    During the ten years following the Spanish American War (1898 to 1908), Major General Leonard Wood served as the primary agent of American imperialism. Wood was not only a proconsul of the new American Empire; he was a ...

  5. GeoArabia, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2008 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    regime took place in the Late Eocene-Miocene but gradually shifted to become N-S to NE-SW. This shift

  6. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    about their work around vehicle emissions, engine efficiency, energy use modeling, unconventional gas development and enhanced imaging tools for resource mapping, much of...

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergy Managing Swimming PoolCommercialEnergy MicrosoftDoseInputDepartment

  8. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA) Jump to: navigation,WindJust

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPAEnergy May 28MarEnergy Microsoft 2 3OfficeEffi i P li

  10. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeed forUnruhDepartmentDiscussionEmployersEnergyVisits

  11. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter By SarahMODELING Release date:MeetMeet

  12. Facies analyses and environment of deposition for the Jurassic "A" zone of the "Mulussa" (Dolaa) Group, in the Homs block, Syria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quintana, Miguel Alfredo

    1988-01-01

    mainly sequences of alternating limestone, dolomite, anhydrite, rare siltstones, and shales. These rocks are interpreted to represent tidal-flat and sabkha deposits along the southeast margin of the Palmyrid trough along the Rutbah high... of the Horns block, with wells and Jurassic outcrops (shaded pattern). Position of Palmyrid Trough within the Arabian Plate (Adapted from Lovelock, 1984) Major structural framework surrounding the Horns block (After Rowell and Swan- son, 1984...

  13. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 154, 1997, pp. 653666, 15 figs. Printed in Great Britain MesozoicCenozoic evolution of the intraplate Euphrates fault system, Syria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to as the Bitlis suture (e.g., Sengör & Yilmaz 1981; Hempton 1985). The northwest- trending Zagros collision zone

  14. Distribution of Permo-Carboniferous clastics of Greater Arabian basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Laboun, A.A.

    1987-05-01

    Strikingly correlative sequences of sediments composed of sandstones, siltstones, shales, and thin argillaceous carbonate beds are present, practically everywhere, underlying the Late Permian carbonates in the Greater Arabian basin. The Greater Arabian basin as defined here occupies the broad Arabian Shelf that borders the Arabian shield. This basin is composed of several smaller basins. These clastics are exposed as thin bands and scattered small exposures in several localities around the margins of the basin. The Permo-Carboniferous clastics are represented by the Unayzah Formation of Arabia, the Doubayat Group of Syria, the Hazro Formation of southeast Turkey, the Ga'arah Formation of Iraq, the Faraghan Formation of southwest Iran, and the Haushi Group of Oman. A Late Carboniferous-Early Permian age is assigned to these clastics because they contain fossil plants and palynomorphs. These sediments represent time-transgressive fluctuating sea deposits following a phase of regional emergence, erosion, and structural disturbance which preceded the Permian transgression. The basal contact of these clastics is marked by a well-pronounced angular unconformity with various older units, ranging in age from early Carboniferous to late Precambrian. This regional unconformity is probably related to the Hercynian movements. The upper contact is conformable with the Permian carbonates. The porous sandstones of the Permo-Carboniferous sediments are important hydrocarbon exploration targets. These reservoir rocks sometimes overlie mature source rocks and are capped by shales, marls, and tight carbonates. Significant quantities of hydrocarbons are contained in these reservoirs in different parts of the Greater Arabian basin.

  15. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  16. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  17. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  18. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  19. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  20. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  1. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    Resource nationalism in Iran vs. Saudi Arabia . . . . . . .foreign and host state, Iran versus Saudi Arabia, 1938-production in the 1930-1950 period, Iran compared to Saudi

  2. Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daghistani, Farouk

    2009-05-15

    During the last decade, the Internet and Geographic Information System (GIS) have made changes in the relationship between governments and citizens in many developed countries. Citizens, in such countries, have been given more chances to participate...

  3. Sustainable Architectural Applications in the Gulf States-Post Occupancy Evaluation Case Study of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, H.; Alfalah, G.

    2010-01-01

    and its construction finished in 1999. It is located paralleled to the region of Al Hakim Palace in the Southern direction, and it is bounded by the King Fahd Road from the west, and Tarik Bin Zeyad Street from the North, and Asir Street from the South... in the Centre of the City of Riyadh, it looks at the most important main roads in the City of Riyadh, as it lies on the south- eastern side of the intersection of King Fahd Road with Tarik Bin Zeyad Street, in an inhabitant area remarked by its over...

  4. Sequence stratigraphic-based reservoir architecture in late Jurrassic outer-ramp carbonates, Hanifa Formation, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markello, J.R.; Stockton, M.L. (Mobile E P Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)); McGuire, M.; Al'Shammery, M.J.; Al'Amoudi M.O. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01

    The Hanifa Formation (135-160m tk; Kimmeridgian age), in our study area, comprises one 3rd-order, coarsening-upward, type 2 stratigraphic sequence. Sediments formed in outer ramp, ramp-margin and basinal environments defining a transition between the Rimthan Arch carbonate platform and adjacent Arabian intrashelf basin. Quantification of Hanifa reservoir architecture for simulation involved development of field-scale geologic models based on sequence stratigraphic principles. No seismic and biostratigraphic data were available. Sequence interpretations were based on regional facies and parasequence analysis from 32 cores and 142 gamma-ray/porosity logs. In the study area, the Hanifa Formation has basinward-thinning tabular geometry, and contains (1) a lower member of organic-rich muddy carbonates and (2) an upper reservoir member of thick, medium to coarse-grained skeletal packstones, skeletal peloidal grainstones, skeletal intraclast conglomerates, and stromatoporoid boundstones. The Hanifa reservoir consists of, from oldest to youngest: (1) a highstand systems tract: aggrading and prograding, sigmoidal-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of grainstrines, conglomerates and boundstones, capped by a subaqueous, type 2 sequence boundary; (2) a shelf margin wedge: prograding to aggrading, sigmoidal to tabular-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of skeletal packstones, grainstones and local boundstones showing maximum basinward progradation; and (3) a transgressive systems tract: backstepping tabular-shaped parasequences of grainstones capped by a drowning surface. All facies are interpreted to have formed in subtidal settings of water depths from 5 to 150m. No evidence was found for shoal-water bank, lagoonal or peritidal deposition or for subaerial exposure in any facies.

  5. Sequence stratigraphic-based reservoir architecture in late Jurrassic outer-ramp carbonates, Hanifa Formation, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markello, J.R.; Stockton, M.L. [Mobile E & P Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); McGuire, M.; Al`Shammery, M.J.; Al`Amoudi M.O. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31

    The Hanifa Formation (135-160m tk; Kimmeridgian age), in our study area, comprises one 3rd-order, coarsening-upward, type 2 stratigraphic sequence. Sediments formed in outer ramp, ramp-margin and basinal environments defining a transition between the Rimthan Arch carbonate platform and adjacent Arabian intrashelf basin. Quantification of Hanifa reservoir architecture for simulation involved development of field-scale geologic models based on sequence stratigraphic principles. No seismic and biostratigraphic data were available. Sequence interpretations were based on regional facies and parasequence analysis from 32 cores and 142 gamma-ray/porosity logs. In the study area, the Hanifa Formation has basinward-thinning tabular geometry, and contains (1) a lower member of organic-rich muddy carbonates and (2) an upper reservoir member of thick, medium to coarse-grained skeletal packstones, skeletal peloidal grainstones, skeletal intraclast conglomerates, and stromatoporoid boundstones. The Hanifa reservoir consists of, from oldest to youngest: (1) a highstand systems tract: aggrading and prograding, sigmoidal-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of grainstrines, conglomerates and boundstones, capped by a subaqueous, type 2 sequence boundary; (2) a shelf margin wedge: prograding to aggrading, sigmoidal to tabular-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of skeletal packstones, grainstones and local boundstones showing maximum basinward progradation; and (3) a transgressive systems tract: backstepping tabular-shaped parasequences of grainstones capped by a drowning surface. All facies are interpreted to have formed in subtidal settings of water depths from 5 to 150m. No evidence was found for shoal-water bank, lagoonal or peritidal deposition or for subaerial exposure in any facies.

  6. An application of cost-benefit analysis to the Al-Qateef, Saudi Arabia, water management project 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thenayan, Abdullah T

    1970-01-01

    : estab! isiling the imnortanoe of Oaaes anil Li air. proble! s I:' !ii a I p in nuatlvi. oasis and prese" ii&l . 8: D. ail !. 11, Ll. 1 G so!ve i I 1 ploiilevi. aci? perf Grain& a cost ? ben" 6 ' an, =& ?ye '. s evsi. : a!e Ll casibi lity oi the i...'Cj !??1 c?'0 I. 'I C';1ST-BEBIE' IT 7 &, ' ' I. YS I 6 G Decision. , Among Altern, rives Recuire???cur s for Per&nrviing Cnst-Bc. cefit An, lysis oll Oa 1. Pro . '. ts R" I e v a r. ' c 0:1 s 1" fl. I rl. i s E!visit-. tins ci casts anr! bc?1 its...

  7. Architectural Academic Tourism: Saudi Chronicles or Social Mobility for Women through Architectural Design and Education in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jann, Marga

    2014-07-21

    to learn, though for many (some brides and mothers from a very early age) the experience was more an opportunity to socialize outside the home. During the (ongoing) MERS epidemic, students who had been seriously ill with fever and cough refused to get... .g. mechanical respiration) would actually go to the hospital, and with antibiotics readily available over-the-counter, people self-treated for cough, fever and/or pneumonia. Typically no one stayed home to protect others from infection unless they were truly...

  8. THE INTEGRATION OF TECHNOLOGY INTO SCHOOL CURRICULUM IN SAUDI ARABIA: FACTORS AFFECTING TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION IN THE CLASSROOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barri, Moatasim Asaad

    2013-05-31

    There are a number of factors that influence technology implementation in the classroom including teachers' concerns; barriers; and intrinsic incentives. These factors give classroom teachers a chance to make a shift in ...

  9. Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields in Saudi Arabia, Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE 153845 Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields production and pressure changes in the reservoir. Application of well-based SRM to two offshore fields of the SRM using blind simulation runs. Introduction The two offshore fields that are the subject

  10. The Effect of Mediated Glosses on Vocabulary Retention and Reading Comprehension with English Language Learners in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Ghafli, Mansour Hussain

    2011-04-26

    This study investigated the effectiveness of mediated glosses for understanding technical terms with foreign language learners. Previous research has found that online glosses improve information access, comprehension, ...

  11. Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols outflow from India and Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and fossil fuel combustion S. A. Guazzotti,1 D. T. Suess,2 K. R. Coffee,2,3 P. K. Quinn,4 T. S. Bates,4 A concentration of submicrometer carbon-containing particles with potassium (indicative of combustion sources the Arabian Peninsula, where dominance of fossil fuel combustion is suggested by results from single

  12. 1 Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols outflow from India and 2 Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Russell R.

    /biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion 3 S. A. Guazzotti,1 D. T. Suess,1,2 K. R. Coffee,1,3 P. K. Quinn,4 T. S with potassium 17 (indicative of combustion sources), and mass concentration of submicrometer non-sea- 18 salt Peninsula, where dominance of fossil fuel combustion is suggested by 30 results from single

  13. Shear-wave splitting, lithospheric anisotropy, and mantle deformation beneath the ArabiaEurasia collision zone in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    ­Eurasia collision zone in Iran Ayoub Kaviani a,b,c , Denis Hatzfeld c, , Anne Paul c , Mohammad Tatar b , Keith Priestley d a Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran b International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c

  14. Open economy politics: A critical review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lake, David A.

    2009-01-01

    global welfare. A contemporary example is Saudi Arabia which by restricting its production of crude oil

  15. Knowledge Advancing Social Justice Brandeis University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    , Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania

  16. 264 Int. J. Nanomanufacturing, Vol. 6, Nos. 1/2/3/4, 2010 Copyright 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayres, Virginia

    scholarship from the national oil company of Saudi Arabia (Saudi Aramco). His research interests include

  17. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering -Undergraduate Post Graduate Activities Detail & History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    Samsung Engineer I Austin TX Saudi Aramco Operation Engineer Dhahran Saudi ARABIA Schlumberger Field

  18. Introduction Report 21 of the Consortium project "Seismic Waves in Complex 3D Structures"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Bakulin (SaudiAramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia; SEG distinguished lec- turer), Norman Bleistein (Colorado

  19. Viscoelastic properties of a high temperature cross-linked water shut-off polymeric gel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A.

    and Development Center, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia b Department of Chemical Engineering, King Fahd

  20. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 59295945, 2015 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/15/5929/2015/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    , Saudi Arabia 6CIEMAT, Environment Department, Unidad Asociada CSIC-CIEMAT, Av. Complutense 40, 28040

  1. Turkey and the Kurds -- From War to Reconciliation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubilay, Arin

    2015-01-01

    Studies Working Paper Series Turkey and the Kurds – From Warwith regional powers - Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria - and ‘the state boundaries of Turkey. The  Berkeley  Center  for  

  2. EXPORT CONTROL CHECKLIST YES NO Are You

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    /embargoed country? · Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria or the Balkans, Belarus, Burma · Telecommunications and Information Security · Lasers and Sensors · Navigation and Avionics

  3. Turkey and the Kurds -- From War to Reconciliation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubilay, Arin

    2015-01-01

    autonomous in Northern Iraq, building state institutions inpowers - Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria - and ‘disputedautonomous in Northern Iraq, building state institutions in

  4. Office of Communication - Brochures Available

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tadjikistan Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks & Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United...

  5. Art Hobson, ahobson@uark.edu For publication on 2 June 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, Art

    days ago, Senator John McCain called the capture of the key Iraqi city of Ramadi by the Islamic State that American power can rescue either Iraq or Syria from the IS. Salvation is up to those nations themselves by allowing Iraq, into which we have poured so much blood and tears, to dissolve? Our dreams for Syria

  6. Intelligent scraping experience using ultrasonics in two 60in./56in. dual diameter 100 km seawater transmission pipelines in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, A.F.; Chu, K.S.

    1995-10-01

    Saudi ARAMCO`s two 60in./56in. (1524/1422 mm) diameter Seawater Injection Pipelines used for secondary oil recovery stretch from the Seawater Treatment Plant across the Arabian Desert for a distance of approximately 100 kilometers. Both lines were put into operation in mid 1978 using over the ditch Plicoflex tape wrap as a means of protection against external corrosion. A significant portion of both pipelines (32 km of each line) runs through Subkha (salty moist) areas. A series of test hole evaluations in 1989 indicated moderate to sever external corrosion particularly in Subkha which necessitated sleeving and external coating application. In 1991 a series of leaks, four (4) in total over a period of two (2) months occurred in Pipeline {number_sign}2 due to external corrosion. This suggested that the line(s) were in urgent need of at least partial replacement or major rehabilitation. Prior to making a final decision on partial replacement it was decided to run an Intelligent Scraper in both pipelines to ascertain both internal and external pipeline conditions. An Ultrasonic Scraper the largest of it`s kind in the world, similar to what was used in the Alyeska Pipeline was developed and successfully run in both pipelines in February 1993. This paper discusses the pipeline history, test hole evaluations, Intelligent Scraping experiences, field evaluation for anomaly verification, and repair of approximately 120 locations as identified by the Intelligent Scraping run. The Intelligent Scraping evaluation played a major role in the cancellation of partial pipeline replacement with cost savings estimated $30 MM.

  7. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joarder, Anwar H

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 359 Oct@fiu.edu and Anwar H. Joarder Department of Mathematical Sciences King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

  8. Space, movement and heritage planning of the historic cities in Islamic societies: Learning from the Old City of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rashid, Mahbub; Bindajam, Ahmed Ali A

    2015-06-01

    that surround them. This study on movement dynamics of people and cars in relation to spatial configuration, described using space syntax, was undertaken in the Old City of Jeddah to understand and learn how accessibility and the density of people and activities...

  9. 4418 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 9, NOVEMBER 2010 Investigating the Gaussian Convergence of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. This paper was presented in part at the 25th Biennial Symposium with Saudi Aramco, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia (e-mail: mjuaid@gmail.com). H. Yanikomeroglu

  10. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,...

  11. 62 MATERIALS PERFORMANCE August 2009 Mechanistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Tingyue

    Ku, BP America, Inc., Houston, Texas ivan CruZ, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia This article presents

  12. Identifying Boundaries of Dominant Regions Dictating Spectrum Sharing Opportunities for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    , then the interference is considered This work was funded by Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. to be non

  13. Quick View Table 1: Enrollment by Degree or Program Type Intensive English (INTO OSU)1142 INTO OSU 1142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Count 109 Kuwait Cultural Office56 Sultanate Of Oman Count84 Saudi Arabia ARAMCO31 Iran Count 77 Libyan

  14. Author's personal copy Unemployment effects of climate policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Eckaus c, * a Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia b Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Climate Change

  15. Impact of Secondary Users' Field Size on Spectrum Sharing Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. spatial size of the field of secondary users. In most studies, the spatial

  16. On the Asymptotic Analysis of Average Interference Power Generated by a Wireless Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    was supported by Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. GHz at six locations including the New York City [5

  17. A Trap At The Escape From The Trap? Demographic-Structural Factors of Political Instability in Modern Africa and West Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Williams G. I. H. 2006. Liberia: The Heart of Darkness.In Albania, Egypt, Liberia, South Korea, and Syria,the year of civil war start Liberia occupied the first place

  18. For immediate release --November 24, 2014 University of Lethbridge highlights for the week of November 24 to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Joy

    . Christopher Kukucha and Dr. John von Heyking. ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) is a terrorist organization formerly known as al Qaeda in Iraq. Earlier this year, ISIS

  19. China's policy towards US adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swartz, Peter Goodings

    2013-01-01

    If the Chinese government is trying to reassure the US that China's rise is not threatening, why does China diplomatically support adversaries of the US such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Syria? This thesis shows that soft ...

  20. Out of antiquity : Umayyad baths in context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tohme, Lara G

    2005-01-01

    This dissertation explores the relationship between the art and architecture of the early Islamic period to those of pre-Islamic Bilad al-Sham (the region encompassing the modem-day countries of Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, ...

  1. Routing Around Decoys Max Schuchard1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopper, Nicholas J.

    and Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities 2: Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science routing systems. We explore China, Syria, Iran, and Egypt as routing capable ad- versaries, and evaluate

  2. Blood-sucking parasite and quail decline connection http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/environment/blood-sucking-parasite-and-quail-decline-connection/article/398957[8/25/2014 4:22:12 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    shores Man drowns after trying to rescue boy from river Op-Ed: Putin uses army to manipulate oil prices have an alliance of necessity with Syria's Assad? Women need testosterone, a new study reports SPECIAL

  3. Secretary Chu Addresses the International Atomic Energy Agency...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    IAEA in its efforts to resolve outstanding concerns related to the nuclear programs in Iran and Syria and we encourage the Agency to make full use of existing authorities. North...

  4. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01

    Syria Germany France Germany Turkey Venezuela Thailand EgyptGermany Japan Panama Japan Nicaragua Japan Mexico TurkeyTurkey Mexico Italy Grenada Cuba El Salvador Russia Afgha nista n Korea Germany

  5. FOREIGN SHRIMP FISHERIES Other Than Central

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbon and Mrs. Evelyn Kramer prepared and checked the statistical data. The project was financed with funds made Italy 33 North Africa and the Near East: jh Egypt 35 Morocco 36 Tunisia 36 Algeria 37 Turkey 38 Israel

  6. TABLE36.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 0 0 789 0 0 Tunisia ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 224 0 0 Turkey ... 0 0 0 258 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

  7. TABLE41.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 0 4,615 0 0 Tunisia ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 224 0 0 Turkey ... 0 0 0 533 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

  8. TABLE40.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 484 4,615 0 0 Tunisia ... 0 0 352 0 0 0 0 224 0 0 Turkey ... 0 451 0 533 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

  9. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    67 0 0 0 789 0 0 Tunisia ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 224 0 0 Turkey ... 0 66 0 258 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

  10. TABLE43.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    194 0 0 484 0 0 0 Tunisia ... 0 0 352 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Turkey ... 0 451 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

  11. TABLE35.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    67 0 0 0 789 0 0 Tunisia ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 224 0 0 Turkey ... 0 66 0 258 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

  12. Challenges and opportunities in the Tunisian private equity sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gharbi, Moez, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    Most of the studies and research analyzing the private equity ("PE") sector in the Middle East North Africa ("MENA") region tend to focus more on the Middle East and less on North Africa. The case of Tunisia is probably ...

  13. Democratizing in Excess: A Marxist Interpretation of the Jasmine Revolutions in North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agbo, Joseph N.; Chimakonam, Jonathan O.

    2015-01-01

    in power of the leaders of Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. TheseEgypt that saw the return of protesters to Cairo’s Tahir square following Mubarak’s succes- sor allotting dictatorial powers

  14. Message In A Bottle: Sailing Past Censorship Luca Invernizzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigna, Giovanni

    the foundations of a number of countries (e.g., Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt), and showed the Internet's immense power to catalyze social awareness through the free exchange of ideas. This power is so threatening

  15. Facebook, Political Narrative, and Political Change: A Case Study of Palestinian Youth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenderes, Amanda

    2012-01-01

    which informed political power in Egypt. As Figure 1.0 showsEgypt under the Mubarak regime, PNPs influenced both the powerpower of social networking, especially in light of what happened in Tunisia, Egypt,

  16. KYOTO UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS GUIDE for INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    and Environmental Studies 129 127 150 161 - - 86 44 Energy Science - - 135 107 - - 14 15 Asian and African Area of Senegal 1 United Republ;ic of Tanzania 2 Republic of Tunisia 3 Federal Republic of Nigeria 2 Republic

  17. 10 17 14 20 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    and Environmental Studies 129 127 150 161 - - 86 44 Energy Science - - 135 107 - - 14 15 Asian and African Area of Senegal 1 United Republ;ic of Tanzania 2 Republic of Tunisia 3 Federal Republic of Nigeria 2 Republic

  18. KYOTO UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS GUIDE for INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Georgia 2 Egypt 13 Sudan 3 Libya 2 Tunisia 3 Kenya 6 Tanzania 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 Nigeria

  19. The 2006 Naval S&T Partnership Conference is presented by NDIA with technical support from ONR The Naval Postgraduate School's Role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Directed Energy Systems · Software Engineering · Combat System Physics · Electronic Warfare · SIGINT 1 Kenya 1 Nigeria 1 Rwanda 1 Senegal 1 Tanzania 1 Tunisia 4 11 #12;The 2006 Naval S&T Partnership

  20. U.S. State Department's TechWomen 2012 Visit Berkeley Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TechWomen brought a total of 41 women working in the technology sector from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Territories, Tunisia and Yemen to the U.S....

  1. The Relations of Terror and Immigration: Preventive Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryder, Frances I.

    2009-09-01

    , the founding of The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), created an alliance of petroleum producing countries to ensure that oil remained a stable market that would produce wealth for member states. Then, in 1973, OPEC embargoed the U... policy has aggravated these situations. In the case of Saudi Arabia, historic imperialism has occurred with the help of international interests in oil, the corrupt Saudi monarchy, Saudi Arabia?s overconfidence in oil revenues beginning with 1973 oil...

  2. Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alissa, Reem IR

    2012-01-01

    American Oil Company (ARAMCO) enclave in Saudi Arabia.more critical look at ARAMCO is by political scientist,Arabian- American Oil Company (ARAMCO). Indeed, according to

  3. Synchrotron X-ray Applications Toward an Understanding of Elastic Anisotropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanitpanyacharoen, Waruntorn

    2012-01-01

    dioxide storage potential of shales. Inter. J. Greenh. GasRock physics modeling of shale diagenesis. Petrol. Geosci. ,and anisotropy of Qusaiba Shales, Saudi Arabia. Geophys.

  4. EIA Energy Information Administration

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    issue an operational flow order on Wednesday to limit customer pulls. The White House, IEA, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwaits willingness to compensate for the 2-million plus barrels...

  5. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Exports : 19 Mt China's Coal Imports (2010) Indonesia Australia Vietnam Mongolia RussiaExports: 3 Mt China's Crude Oil Imports (2010) Saudi Arabia Angola Iran Oman Russia

  6. States and Terrorist Groups that Collaborate: Strong Bonds, Sensitive Transfers and the Issue of Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Robyn W.

    2011-01-01

    power of adversaries in the Middle East, including Israel, Jordan, Egypt, andpower from other dominant national forces, particularly Saudi Arabia and Egypt.

  7. Solar Thermal Powered Evaporators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moe, Christian Robert

    2015-01-01

    R. P. Allison, "High Water Recovery with Electrodialysis12] GE Power & Water, "Electrodialysis Reversal (EDR)," 02ARABIA," in The Value of Water in the 21st Century, San

  8. Excerpt from Arabs in American Cinema (1894–1930): Flappers Meet Sheiks in New Movie Genre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajji, Abdelmajid

    2015-01-01

    Hajji, Arabs in American Cinema (1894–1930): Flappers Meetthe Lawrence of Arabia” of cinema. Indeed, the commonaltiesadventurer, particularly as cinema has done so much to boost

  9. Secretary Bodman Meets with Jordanian Prime Minister to Tout...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Saudi Arabia before continuing his trip through the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Egypt where he will continue dialogues with global leaders to enhance the United States'...

  10. Secretary Bodman to Travel to the Middle East to Advance International...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    January 14, 2008 and travel to Jordan, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Egypt. "To increase global energy security, producing and consuming nations alike must make...

  11. Figure 5 VSWR at two input ports Figure 6 Isolation between two iput ports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masoudi, Husain M.

    King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran, Saudi Arabia 2 Department of Electronics elements onto one substrate, the optical circuit is becom- Contract grant sponsor: British Council

  12. Fact #887: August 24, 2015 The United States Supplies 15% of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Countries. The OPEC countries are Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Fact 887 Dataset...

  13. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  14. Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumptio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    include Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Indonesia, Gabon, and Ecuador. OPEC consumption data are for 2005....

  15. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  16. U.S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian-Gulf Oil For Motor Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark A.; Murphy, James

    1996-01-01

    per day, or 29% of world crude-oil production. Saudi Arabia,41.4% of world crude-oil production (Energy Information

  17. Secretary Chu to Focus on Opportunities for Global Cooperation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    plus the European Commission), along with emerging economies such as Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Saudi Arabia, and South Africa. Journalists, photographers and camera crews...

  18. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  19. TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    pentanes plus, petroleum coke, and waxes. d Formerly Zaire. e Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (s) Less than 500...

  20. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  1. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  2. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    prices, and future concession rights. Current members are Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and...

  4. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  5. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  6. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01

    regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

  7. MS Degree in Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, April 2006. Grade Point Average 3.34/4.00. MS Thesis on "The Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, John M.

    EDUCATION · MS Degree in Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Thermoset Pipes Carrying Crude Oil". · B.E. in Mechanical Engineering (1st Division with Distinction 2003 April 2006: Research Assistant, Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University

  8. Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    , Fax: 0096638604447, Email: menamul@kfupm.edu.sa; dr.mehossain@gmail.com SPE 149555 Drilling Fluid the development of sustainable practices and expertise. Drilling fluids are necessary for drilling oil and gas wells. Unfortunately drilling fluids have become increasingly more complex in order to satisfy

  9. Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    ). Principal components of drilling fluids are: water, oil/gas, and chemical additives. These components #12, which are suspension of solids in either water or oil, and a mixture of other substances called

  10. Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    instantaneously. Results reveal the development of a temperature profile within the growing condensed water zone involves the injection of hot water or steam into the reservoir, is an enhanced oil recovery technique hydrocarbons at a high water/oil ratio due to water coning and fingering. In such a situation, economic

  11. Use of Artificial Neural Networks Process Analyzers: A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghouti, Lahouari

    for this case study was obtained from SHARQ petrochemical company, Saudi Arabia. Four process variablesUse of Artificial Neural Networks Process Analyzers: A Case Study Al-Duwaish1 , H., Ghouti2 , L to predict O2 contents in a boiler at SHARQ petrochemical company in Saudi Arabia. The training data has been

  12. OGEP 2010-161 Uncertainly Analysis of Archie's Parameters Determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    Reservoirs G.M. Hamada, The British University in Egypt, Egypt, , A.A. AlMajed, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia, T.M. Okasha, Aramco Co., Saudi Arabia and A.A. AlGathe, Hadhrmout Exploration and Production Technologies (OGEP 2010) held at the King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

  13. 1382 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 9, NO. 10, OCTOBER 1997 Spurious Modes in the DuFortFrankel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masoudi, Husain M.

    Manuscript received October 17, 1996; revised May 14, 1997. This work was supported by the British Council. The work of H. M. Masoudi was supported by King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. J. M. Arnold

  14. 1274 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 11, NO. 10, OCTOBER 1999 Time-Domain Finite-Difference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masoudi, Husain M.

    , 1999. This work was supported by the British Council and by the U.K. Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and by the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. H. M of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. J. M. Arnold is with the Department of Electronics

  15. Committed regional electrical interconnection projects in the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azzam, M.; Al-Said, A.

    1994-12-01

    Due to the well-known advantages of electrical interconnections and their consequent benefits, Jordan considers the interconnection of its electrical network with the neighboring electrical networks as one of its main corporate strategies. At present the electrical interconnection project of the networks of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, and Turkey is progressing. To achieve this interconnection project, two feasibility studies were conducted: interconnection of the Egyptian and Jordanian electrical power systems; interconnection of the electrical networks of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, and Turkey (EIJST interconnection). This presentation reviews these studies and their results.

  16. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    1 Brandeis University International Student & Scholar Statistics 2014 #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS for Undergraduate Students Top 10 Countries for Graduate Students China 423 China 248 S. Korea 63 India 81 India 25, Argentina, Nepal 3 Nigeria, France, Syria, Venezuela 8 Top 10 Countries for Scholars China 45 India 18

  17. P2JW340011-0-A01800-1--------XA AZ,EE,MW,SC,SW,WE P2JW340011-0-A01800-1--------XA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    politics. Aregularwatcherofourpoli- tics could be forgiven for feeling that one isn't watch- ing a serious as Saddam Hussein, Syria or Iran's mysterious-looking mullahs. Prominent political figures here design." These wide, all-or-nothing swings may serve the melodra- matic needs of politics and the press, but they don

  18. The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 18(1), 2013, article 3. Protecting the Internet from Dictators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    Internet communications, activists, and the state in Egypt, Syria, Libya, Uganda and northern Sudan that there are three critical variables in this interaction: redundancy in communications, distribution of power across in situations of a popular uprising, and what can be done to prevent it?1 Egypt is not the only country

  19. a monthly publication of outreach and international affairs volume 2, issue 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the Islamic State had taken surprise aim at the region's capital and more than 1,700 people had been killed IRAQ SYRIA Baghdad Irbil Kirkuk Mosul IRAN TURKEY Iraqi Kurdistan Region #12;common across Iraq, but we group from Iraq's northern Kurdish region traveled to study at Virginia Tech this summer, their home

  20. "The Citizen" Watch, think, discuss, learn...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Department funded Iraq Research and Documentation Project. He has written extensively on Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, served as Chief of Emergency for the Red Cross in Lebanon and was project manager of the U.S. State, Israel, U.S.-Arab Relations, reform in the Arab world, radical Islam and terrorism. He is a professor

  1. Art Hobson, ahobson@uark.edu For publication on 14 Dec 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, Art

    don't want to see Islamic State terrorists claiming Syria and Iraq, or Russia claiming the Crimean, and Russia, but engages only the Islamic State militarily and then using only American air power. Virtually action in dealing with the world. This John Wayne style of foreign policy didn't work out so well in Iraq

  2. FORSCHUNGSAUSBLICK RESE ARCH OUTLOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falge, Eva

    to distance oneself. Take, for example, the "Islamic State", which currently con- trols large sections of Syria and Iraq and which has probably unjustifiably arrogated this name to itself, because ability to explain violent conflicts in which the Islamic State is involved. My assertion is: no conducive

  3. START Fact Sheet START, June 2014 1 The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    -Baghdadi announced the expansion of ISI to Syria, officially rebranding the organization as the Islamic State of IraqSTART Fact Sheet © START, June 2014 1 FACT SHEET The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq PREVIOUSLY POSITIVE 1) The group currently known as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL

  4. Conference Program Extremism in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Department of History, USF The phenomenal rise of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, also known as ISIS, has created a profound national security threat to the United States. However, ISIS is only one aspect of a much broader and important phenomenon in the Islamic world, namely extremism. The purpose

  5. A Baseline Speech Recognition System for Levantine Colloquial Arabic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasegawa-Johnson, Mark

    . In this paper, we propose a state-of-the-art speech recognition system for Levantine Colloquial Arabic (LCA amount of LCA speech data. The adapted AM was then combined with the initial grapheme-based model Arabic (LCA). LCA Arabic is the dialect of Arabic spoken by people in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan

  6. The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jiancheng

    to as "Countries of Concern" due to their presence on one or more U.S. or international sanctions or embargo lists. The U.S. Treasury's Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) enforces sanctions against the following, Syria, and Zimbabwe. Some of the sanctions are monetary in nature, and other sanctions may either

  7. Export Controls Things to Remember EMBARGOED COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Export Controls ­ Things to Remember EMBARGOED COUNTRIES: (Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Susan, Syria) check with the Export Compliance Officer (ECO) ­ contact info below. A license or quarterly report may need to be filed. EXPORTING/SHIPPING CONTROLLED ITEMS OR INFORMATION: We need to verify the items

  8. Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-07-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

  9. Letters to Financial Times, June 13, 2014 Iraq crisis offers Iran its chance . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letters to Financial Times, June 13, 2014 Iraq crisis offers Iran its chance . . . From Prof John Ure . Sir, The big story about the current crisis in Iraq surely is the opportunity it offers Iran-Assad in neighbouring Syria. Iran has already sent the Revolutionary Guard to help the government beat back the Islamic

  10. www.elsevier.com/locate/jnlabr/yjare Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    ; Degradation; Desertification; Climate; Precipitation; Syria 1. Introduction Concern over the human impact is regularly cited as one of the principal causes of desertification. The term desertification is used of desertification, and the willingness of countries to combat it, requires better knowledge about distinct causes

  11. Reflections on the Shape of a Turbomachine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorban, Alexander N.

    Flow or ,,Run of the River Turbines OPEN CROSSFLOW Norias on the Orontes River in Hama, Syria. Some placed to exploit run of the river turbines. DUCTED / OPEN AXIAL OpenHydro 1 MW Tidal Turbine #12;Oxford date from C4th BC. Combined undershot water wheel and pump. #12;River Rance, 240 MW Brittany, France

  12. A BCience Service Feature Released oil receipt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O r more services exist i n each of the following countries: Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Switzerland and the U.S.S.R. Germany, f o r example , has eleven meteorological services, independent of one and near A s i a there are services for Turkey, Syria, India, Ceylon, Indo- China, Japan, the Philippines

  13. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    led by production in Iraq and Saudi Arabia (Table 2, Table 3). Global surplus crude oil production capacity averaged 1.7 million bd in May and June, 0.4 million bd lower...

  14. Volume 131, Number 41 tech.mit.edu Friday, September 30, 2011 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RESS IN SAUdI ARAbIA? Believe it or not, there is a precedent for it OPINION, p. 4 AbANdON PAkISTAN Pakistan

  15. The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantacessi, Cinzia; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Nolan, Matthew J.; Otranto, Domenico

    2015-01-28

    Arabia, Slovenia, enistan, Turkey, Ukraine, RLD: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, ador, Guatemala, Honduras, , Venezuela VL cases usually found in areas where human cases are reported. Autochthonous cases reported in dogs in the USA (no human cases reported so...

  16. UNCORRECTEDPROOF 2 A rheological investigation of a high temperature organic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A.

    5 a Saudi Aramco, Research and Development Center, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia 6 b King Fahd: +966 3 876 2812. E-mail addresses: ghaithan.muntasheri@aramco.com (G.A. Al-Muntasheri), hisham.nasreldin@aramco

  17. KING FAHD UNIVERCITY OF PETROLUEM AND MINIRALS DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ghadhban, Samir

    in 2009. When I finished the training, they were waiting for the acceptance from Saudi Aramco to sign a contract with them to be one of Aramco suppliers. There is only one branch in Saudi Arabia located

  18. Essays in oil, conflict, and the development of resource-rich countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, Jennifer Randolph

    2013-01-01

    This thesis examines three topics in the political economy of global oil markets and the development of resource-rich countries. The first chapter examines the effect of Saudi Arabia's crude pricing policies on the political ...

  19. Volunteer Day Countries Represented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    China Colombia Egypt France Italy Japan Korea Kuwait Russia Saudi Arabia Spain Thailand Turkey UAE much and in how many ways this may change, depending on the price of gas! Q: Why do the American people

  20. Architecting the Saudi solar manufacturing : using Enterprise Architecture Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsultan, Bassel F. (Bassel Fahad)

    2013-01-01

    The demand for Saudi oil is increasing locally and internationally, and being one of the major oil exporters in the world, the government of Saudi Arabia needs to balance between local consumption and international demand. ...

  1. Measuring the Costs of U.S. Oil Dependence and the Benefits of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    exporters operating as OPEC." Prof. M. Adelman, MIT, 2004. Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Venezuela 0 20 40 60 80 100 120...

  2. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

  3. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  4. Geophysical Journal International Geophys. J. Int. (2015) 200, 888907 doi: 10.1093/gji/ggu436

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University Bratislava, Mlynska dolina F1, 842 48 and Engineering, KAUST, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia. E-mail: martin.galis@kaust.edu.sa 2Geophysics Section

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - 130424_Sandia_TEL_V3_1_compressed.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OTFs Test PV Power Plants (installed) OTF Singapore TPVPP-TWN (Hsinchu, Tainan) OTF4 Arizona, USA Rev. 130424 TPVPP- Saudi Arabia OTF1-TEL, TBB, CH TPVPP-Alice Springs (AUS) 6...

  6. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Previous chat sessions have involved participants from as far away as Saudi Arabia and Vietnam. Interested participants may join the Virtual Ask-a-Scientist chatroom on the evening...

  7. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Previous chat sessions have involved participants from as far away as Saudi Arabia and Vietnam. "Sharing the excitement of what we do at Fermilab is not only fun but also of great...

  8. An Efficient Test Vector Compression Technique Based on Geometric Shapes Saif al Zahir1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Maleh, Aiman H.

    -Maleh2 , and Esam Khan2 1 University of British Columbia, ECE Dept., Vancouver, B.C., Canada 2 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Email: saif_zahir@yahoo.com, {aimane

  9. A Geometric-Primitives-Based Compression Scheme for Testing Systems-on-a-Chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Maleh, Aiman H.

    , Saif al Zahir2 , and Esam Khan1 1 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia 2 University of British Columbia, ECE Dept., Vancouver, B.C., Canada Email: {aimane, esamkhan

  10. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 12, NO. 4, APRIL 2000 395 A Time-Domain Algorithm for the Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masoudi, Husain M.

    was supported by the British Council. M. A. Alsunaidi and H. M. Masoudi are with the Department of Electrical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261 Saudi Arabia (e-mail: msunaidi

  11. NEAR-INSTANTANEOUSLY ADAPTIVE COOPERATIVE UPLINK SCHEMES BASED ON SPACE-TIME BLOCK CODES AND V-BLAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zummo, Salam Adel

    University of Petroleum and Metal Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email: zummo@kfupm.edu.sa Abstract and the British Council/BAE Summer Research Program to conduct this research is gratefully acknowledged. Whilst V

  12. Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by Country of Origin, 1973-2011 (million barrels per day) Year Saudi Arabia Venezuela Nigeria Other OPEC Countries Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Countries Total 1973 0.49...

  13. Analysis of the summertime buildup of tropospheric ozone abundances over the Middle East and North Africa as observed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Sahara anticyclones, centered over the Zagros and Atlas Mountains, respectively. These anticyclones along the Zagros Mountains in Iran and the Asir and Hijaz Mountain ranges in Saudi Arabia

  14. 21Journal of Petroleum Geology,Vol. 32(1), January 2009, pp 21-38 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation 2009 Scientific Press Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    of Arabia and central Iran along the Zagros suture in Iran. In addition, the seismic sections suggest a pop carbonates, foreland basin, backfolded anticline, Zagros orogeny. INTRODUCTION The identification

  15. International - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    in. If the country has a full write-up (a full brief, more than just bullets), we do offer a PDF. See Saudi Arabia (http:www.eia.govbetainternationalanalysis.cfm?isoSAU)...

  16. Commercial Application of Freeze Crystallization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorgol, R. G.

    1992-01-01

    crystallization for this particular application presented HPD's designers with a new set of technical challenges. The largest freeze crystallization unit in the world, prior to the Chetwynd installation, was a desalination unit in operation in Saudi Arabia...

  17. Fact #733: June 25, 2012 World's Top Petroleum-Producing Countries

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In 2011, total world petroleum production was 84.7 million barrels per day. Saudi Arabia, Russia and the United States were by far the top petroleum producing countries with 11.1, 10.2, and 9.0...

  18. Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S. Petroleum Imports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Even though Saudi Arabia is the world's largest producer of petroleum, and OPEC countries produce much of the oil in the global market, the U.S. imports most of its oil from Canada, Mexico and...

  19. Exergy Int. J. 1(3) (2001) 209215 www.exergyonline.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budair, Mohammed Omar

    2001-01-01

    , King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia (Received 1 September 1999-dimensional incom- pressible flow past a circular cylinder was investigated using a numerical code [3]. They showed

  20. NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

    2009-07-31

    ): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

  1. Assessment for Learning in International Contexts: approaches and challenges in researching teacher values and practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warwick, Paul; Shaw, Stuart; Johnson, Martin

    2014-11-06

    , Finney & Riga, 2008a, 2008b) - to gather data from teachers working in schools in Argentina, India, Indonesia, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia. The ALIC survey probed the nature of the school culture through a series of statements about learning... of returns. This sampling approach suggested that the project should focus on teachers in Argentina, India, Indonesia, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia. An appeal for participation from at least two teachers from each approached school or college was intended...

  2. The distribution of thunderstorm and lightning parameters over the Eastern Hemisphere for 1972 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, William Burns

    1974-01-01

    - cially over the oceans, North Africa, Arabia, the Mediterranean Sea, and Southeast China. These were areas of sparse data in the W. M. O. compilation but were covered in this investigation. The tentative, first estimate of the distribution of lightning... discharge on a yearly basis were located over South Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Arabia, Southeast China, Southeast Asia, and Australia. The occurrence of lightning discharge was shown to follow Sun northward from January to the maximum poleward thrust...

  3. BEHAVIOR CANOLA (BRASSICA NAPUS) FOLLOWING A SEWAGE SLUDGE TREATMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . INTRODUCTION In Tunisia, the amount of sludge produced by wastewater treatment stations is constantly waste water treatment stations, in other words, most of it is wastewater from domestic sourcesBEHAVIOR CANOLA (BRASSICA NAPUS) FOLLOWING A SEWAGE SLUDGE TREATMENT Najla LASSOUED1,2 , Essaid

  4. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1033110351, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/10331/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ± 9 (-6 ± 5) W m-2 for sector A (northern Morocco; northwestern Algeria), sector B (western Sahara, northwestern Mauritania and southwest- ern Algeria), and sector C (eastern Algeria, Tunisia), respec- tively. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistical test revealed that daily ARF values at TOA for sector A were significantly dif

  5. R. Muoz et al. (Eds.): NLDB 2011, LNCS 6716, pp. 238241, 2011. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    ], CRFs [7]. Results produced by statistical taggers obtain about 95%-97% of correctly tagged words. There are also, hybrid methods that use both knowledge based and statistical resources. 3 Amazighe Language The Amazighe language is spoken in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Siwa (an Egyptian Oasis); it is also

  6. recently read an important study that left me in awe of the knowledge demo-graphics of our planet. In Educating All Children: A Global Agenda, Joel Cohen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    of societies. Indeed, Egypt is a living testimony to the link between the power of knowledge and the impact obvious. The children of Facebook have ignited an intifada to plant democracy in Egypt, Tunisia, Bahrain) who lived ca. 965­1040 in Iraq and Egypt. He developed concepts in optics, later used by Descartes

  7. Message In A Bottle: Sailing Past Censorship Luca Invernizzi, Christopher Kruegel, Giovanni Vigna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigna, Giovanni

    in December 2010 to shake the foundations of a number of countries (e.g., Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt), and showed the Internet's immense power to catalyze social awareness through the free exchange of ideas. This power is so threatening to repressive regimes that censorship has become a central point

  8. Proceedings of the Human Language Technology Conference of the North American Chapter of the ACL pages 56, Rochester, April 2007. c 2007 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and geographically. The term language as opposed to dialect is only an expression of power and dominance of one group the perception of the distinction between the Arabic language and an Arabic dialect. This power relationship valley: Egypt and Sudan. North African Arabic covers the dialects of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia

  9. 8th World Wide Workshop for Young Environmental Scientists WWW-YES 2009: Urban waters: resource or risks? 2-5 June 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to salt under intensive use context Nizar Omrani* *Institute of Arid Regions Medenine (IRA), Tunisia management. These oases observed a lightening development. The improvement in drilling techniques reinforced in the oases, drillings had been multiplied and spread across the oases. The development of the water

  10. SPRING 201134 GRAHAM E. FULLER I AHMED ZEWAIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    on President Barack Obama's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology and is the US Science Envoy"--a change of the system. The Egyptians brought down the head of the system, but not yet the system itself.That is the challenge now. The Egyptian revolution, like that in Tunisia, represents a unique model for change

  11. Relations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    of incident solar energy reflected by the land surface in all directions. They determine the surface radiation map over the arid areas of Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia in North Africa at 30 second (about 1 km) and 2 in climate model deserts such as the Sahara. However, solar short- wave diffuse albedos vary by a factor

  12. Nepal's Maoists: Purists or Pragmatists?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Crisis Group

    2007-05-18

    , Nepal’s Maoists: Their Aims, Structure and Strategy, ?? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ??. ???, Nepal: From People Power to Peace?, ?? ?? ????, ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??. ???, Nepal’s Peace... ), Communist Party of Afghanistan, Communist Party of Bangladesh (Marxist-Leninist), Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Communist Party of Peru, Communist Party of Turkey Marxist-Leninist, Marxist-Leninist Communist Organisation of Tunisia, Maoist Communist...

  13. Forest Growth Under Extensive Annual Drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakir, Dan

    aridity factor (precipitation/potential evaporation) of about 0.18. Annual received solar energy of ~7 forests/ Count' area K ha K ha % Morocco 2491 534 6.8 Algeria 1427 718 0.9 Tunisia 308 202 3.1 Egypt 0 72

  14. Abdel Wahab M., El-Metwally M., Hassan R., Lefvre M., Oumbe A., Wald L., 2008. Assessing surface solar irradiance in Northern Africa desert climate and its long-term variations from Meteosat images. International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Qubba, Cairo, Egypt. Mines ParisTech, Center for Energy and Processes, BP 207, 06904 Sophia Antipolis cedex under concern in this paper: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, is the prospect of energy production from sun. These four nations comprise approximately 130 millions inhabitants altogether and solar energy

  15. Envisioning Transnational American Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fishkin, Shelley Fisher

    2015-01-01

    Germany, Georgia, Iran, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Poland, South Africa, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey,Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Lebanon, Morocco, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey,Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Turkey,

  16. SPRING 2010 International Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    E-mail: hermans@acadbookprom.nl Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Italy Uwe Lüdemann Schleiermacherstrasse 8 D 10961Berlin Germany Tel: 030 69 50 81 89 Fax: 030 69 50 81 90 E-mail: mail Algeria, Cyprus, Jordan, Malta, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, and West Bank Claire de Gruchy Avicenna

  17. A13B-0215: Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    , University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu) ` Objective Photographs of ice

  18. Saudi production capacity climbing to 10 million b/d

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-11

    Saudi Arabia this year is completing its expansion of production capacity and developing recent discoveries to enhance export flexibility. The 3 million b/d capacity expansion to 10 million b/d, announced in 1989, is on target for completion by year end 1994. Most of the effort involves restoration of mothballed production equipment and installation of several gas-oil separation plants (GOSPs) in existing fields. But Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) also this year will start up production of extra-light oil from a new field in the central part of the kingdom. Start-up of Hawtah area production demonstrates success of an oil search Aramco began after receiving exclusive exploration rights to nearly all of Saudi Arabia's prospective area in 1986. From new fields and traditional producing areas, therefore, Saudi Arabia has the potential to expand production capacity beyond 10 million b/d. The paper describes the development of the extra capacity.

  19. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  20. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  1. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  2. Oil Exports and the Iranian Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H. S.; Mohaddes, K.; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    in oil exploration and extraction technologies. Figure 1: Oil export revenues to income ratios for major oil exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1980 1987 1994 2001 2008 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela Kuwait UAE Qatar Libya Nigeria Algeria Russia... . As Figure 1 shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar...

  3. An Empirical Growth Model for Major Oil Exporters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, Hadi Salehi; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    2012-03-21

    . 3See, for example, Amuzegar (2008) and the British Petroleum Statistical Review of World Energy. 3 Figure 1: Oil Export Revenues to Income Ratios for Major Oil Exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1980 1988 1996 2004 2010 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela... shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar oil...

  4. Iraq`s significant hydrocarbon potential remains relatively undeveloped

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AL-Gailani, M. [GeoDesign Ltd., Kingston-upon-Thames (United Kingdom)

    1996-07-29

    Iraq is probably one of the least explored countries in the Middle East, despite the fact that it possesses one of the richest hydrocarbon basins in the world almost on a par to Saudi Arabia`s potential, if not more. The aim of this article is to state the facts about Iraq and focus on the huge but untapped and undeveloped hydrocarbon resources to the international oil community. Perhaps it is best to start by describing briefly the sedimentary and tectonic elements responsible for accumulating such large hydrocarbon resources. The paper describes the basin, tectonic elements, structural anomalies, deep drilling, source rocks, reservoir rocks, characteristics, and new reserves.

  5. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    - tuosity term in a more robust manner. Core data from major carbonate reservoirs in Saudi Arabia is used Modified Kozeny­Carmen correlation for enhanced hydraulic flow unit characterization Hasan A. Nooruddin a. (1993) modified that correlation introducing the concept of Reservoir Quality Index (RQI) and Flow Zone

  6. Thursday, March 16, 2006 POSTER SESSION II: MARS PERIGLACIAL AND GLACIAL PROCESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    .m. Fitness Center Levy J. S. Head J. W. Evidence of Low Northern Midlatitude (~33°N) Valley Glacier Deposits tributary confluence, and the development of LDA and LVF at low latitudes. Levy J. S. Head J. W. Lineated-glacial processes. Head J. W. III Marchant D. R. Modification of the Walls of a Noachian Crater in Northern Arabia

  7. Blair Says G-8 Leaders Need to Move Past Kyoto Debate (Update2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the world's nations should reduce the use of coal and use more oil and gas for power production because Russia, the world's biggest oil producer and second-biggest oil supplier behind Saudi Arabia, says about caps on greenhouse gas emissions and agree on steps to address global warming without harming

  8. Supplementary Information A Novel Anaerobic Electrochemical Membrane Bioreactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EMBR) with Conductive Hollow-fiber Membrane for Treatment of Low-organic Strength Solutions Krishna P. Katuria§ , Craig, Thuwal 23955­6900, Saudi Arabia b King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Advanced Membranes HCO3 - + 9 H+ + 8 e- 2) Cathodic hydrogen formation: 2 H+ + 2 e- H2 3) Cathodic methane formation: 4

  9. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    for Economic Cooperation and Development about anchor countries is divided in four major parts: The first part: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina of global challenges and worldwide problems because of its economic relevance, political influence in its

  10. Oil Price and the Dollar Virginie Coudert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , published in "Energy Studies Review 15, 2 (2008) ?" #12;1 Introduction Even after a decrease in the last 25 of primary energy and 95% of the transportation sector relies on it (Carnot & Hagege (2004)). The real oil to the situation in the Middle East (terrorism in Iraq and Saudi Arabia) and to the political troubles in Venezuela

  11. Engi 9614: Renewable Energy and Resource Conservation, Assignment #1, Oct. 4th 2013, "Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    Engi 9614: Renewable Energy and Resource Conservation, Assignment #1, Oct. 4th 2013, "Overview of energy storage systems for storing electricity from renewable energy sources in Saudi Arabia" 1. 150 109 better storage systems to make better use of renewable energy options and we need to use renewable energy

  12. The Optimum Error Nonlinearity in LMS Adaptation with an Independent and Identically Distributed Input

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.

    The Optimum Error Nonlinearity in LMS Adaptation with an Independent and Identically Distributed, CA 94305 Dhahran 31261 USA Saudi Arabia Abstract The class of LMS algorithms employing a gen- eral view of error nonlinearities in LMS adaptation. In particular, it subsumes two recently developed

  13. 12 S U M M E R 2 0 0 5 w w w . i m a g i n g n o t e s . c o m THE BAD NEWS IN ELECTRICAL ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Richard R.

    heaters. In contrast, CSP requires "direct-normal" solar radiation -- the component of sunlight-scale generation of electricity from renewable resources. One of the primary renewable energy resources is solar by some as the "Saudi Arabia of solar energy potential." Because of this poten- tial, Congress requested

  14. 8 | psiee highlights spring 2009 Bruce Logan, Kappe professor of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Technology (KAUST). Logan will receive up to $10 million over the next five years to investigate microbial fuel cell technologies that convert waste into electricity or hydrogen and in the process, clean water. KAUST is being built in Saudi Arabia as an international, graduate-level research university dedicated

  15. A Neural Network Based Adaptive Sliding Mode Controller: Application to a Power System Stabilizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Duwaish, Hussain N.

    A Neural Network Based Adaptive Sliding Mode Controller: Application to a Power System Stabilizer University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia * Corresponding Author- e-mail: hduwaish gains when the operating point changes. The proposed method has been applied to a power system

  16. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mudawa, Muhamed F.

    @kfupm.edu.sa M. K. AlGhuson (B) EXPEC Computer Center, Saudi Aramco, P.O. Box 10265, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia E-mail: mohammed.ghuson@aramco.com 123 Author's personal copy #12;786 Arab J Sci Eng (2011) 36. At Saudi Aramco, the world's largest oil producing company, in its Exploration and Petroleum Engineering

  17. Design and Analysis of a High-Efficiency, Cost-Effective Solar Concentrator John H. Reif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    1 Design and Analysis of a High-Efficiency, Cost-Effective Solar Concentrator John H. Reif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia wsalhalabi@kau.edu.sa Abstract Solar concentrating systems are optical systems that concentrate solar energy for conversion into usable energy. Ideally, a solar concentrating system should have

  18. Bulk and size-segregated aerosol composition observed during INDOEX 1999: Overview of meteorology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Russell R.

    India showed evidence of fossil fuel combustion, biomass burning, and eolian material, with elemental Arabia showed little evidence of biomass burning but had more acidity, mineral dust, and higher nitrate to determine the extent of the impact of anthropogenic emissions in the tropics, the role of the Intertropical

  19. Anti-discrimination Analysis Using Privacy Attack Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruggieri, Salvatore

    Anti-discrimination Analysis Using Privacy Attack Strategies Salvatore Ruggieri1 , Sara Hajian2 and Technology, Saudi Arabia Abstract. Social discrimination discovery from data is an important task to identify deploy privacy at- tack strategies as tools for discrimination discovery under hard assump- tions which

  20. An Investigation of Factors Influencing an Organisation's Intention to Adopt Cloud Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Investigation of Factors Influencing an Organisation's Intention to Adopt Cloud Computing Nouf University of Southampton Southampton, United Kingdom gbw@ecs.soton.ac.uk Abstract-- Cloud computing the factors that may influence an organisation's intention to adopt cloud computing in Saudi Arabia. We

  1. Challenging Aspects of MCDM Katta G. Murty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murty, Katta G.

    . Russia which is not a member of OPEC, is the 2nd largest crude oil exporter. Both SA and Russia mainly to such an extent that pretty soon the country will move from an oil importing country to an oil exporting country million barrels/day. Saudi Arabia ( SA ), the leader of OPEC (Oil Producing and Exporting Countries

  2. Top Ten Things you (REALLY) Should Know -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    (stringent import, export and domestic controls enacted) Russia (you must apply for a license) Saudi Arabia Warshawsky Systemwide Export Control Officer Brownbag Webinar May 9th, 2012 Office of Ethics, Compliance of the following constitutes an "Export"? 1. A researcher takes their laptop abroad to aid in their research. 2

  3. Egypt's Protected Area network under future climate change Katie Leach a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egypt's Protected Area network under future climate change Katie Leach a , Samy Zalat b,c , Francis, Taibah University, Al-Ula Campus, Saudi Arabia c Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt a r t i c l e i n, first, to estimate the likely impacts on the distributions of mammals and butterflies in Egypt (Max

  4. Physiological Adjustments of Sand Gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa) to a Boom-or-Bust Economy: Standard Fasting Metabolic Rate,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    . There exist few sources of drinking water, so animals must rely on food resources for both their food of vegetation to meet their daily energy and water requirements. Yet deserts of Saudi Arabia are home: Standard Fasting Metabolic Rate, Total Evaporative Water Loss, and Changes in the Sizes of Organs during

  5. SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS SEPTEMBER 18, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS SEPTEMBER 18, 2013 #12;No. 1 SABIC BY THE NUMBERS #12;No. 2 OUR GLOBAL Technology Centers United States of America · Netherlands · Spain · Saudi Arabia · India · China Application · Malaysia · South Korea · Japan #12;No. 3 INGENUITY DRIVEN BY TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATION Practical innovation

  6. H A&S 222a Energy and Environment: Life Under the Pale Sun 25 May 2006.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .10 Name three factors which make the US demand for energy unresponsive to its cost 2. Questions from the oil deposits in Saudia Arabia and the US, which has economic importance [Roberts]. 1.5 What that the forces of wind and friction that slow you down are the same ones you fight against when pedaling, so you

  7. ISSE2011: Hossain (2011): A sustainable diagnostic test tool Paper ID: 108-59871

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    2011-01-01

    , UAE March 23-24, 2011 Development of a Sustainable Diagnostic Test for Drilling Fluid M. Enamul, Saudi Arabia, E-mail: menamul@kfupm.edu.sa ABSTRACT The composition of drilling fluid ranges from-based muds (WBMs) are made of mainly water (salt or fresh), some percentage of oil and toxic chemical

  8. Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2014 115 Copyright 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2014 115 Copyright © 2014 Inderscience fields in Saudi Arabia', Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.115­131. Biographical economic recovery of oil and gas from a reservoir. The purpose of reservoir management is to control

  9. IMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    IMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL WELLS BY GAS PRECONDITIONING M. A. Aggour, M. Al, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia ABSTRACT Experience has shown that for sandstone formations, oil wells respond to matrix acidizing in a different manner as compared to gas wells. For oil wells, the improvement

  10. Applying the Alaska model in a Resource-Poor State: The Example of Vermont

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    gas, oil shale and other minerals, and Texas has a fund based on royalties and rents from oil, gas with great oil wealth such as Abu Dhabi, Saudi Arabia, Norway, Alberta, and Alaska. The Alaska model might be perceived to apply only to states with oil. Yet SWFs can be based on other valuable resources such as copper

  11. Academic Success Centre Room 10-2584

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    , Pakistan, and Israel are nuclear powers; Iran is almost there; and Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt, among, by going through the Red Sea to the Arabian Sea, or by firing missiles from submarines from the latter" (Blouet, 2009, 11). Writing example C ­ India, Pakistan, and Israel are nuclear powers and Iran is almost

  12. Design of Extraction Column Methanol Recovery System for the TAME Reactive Distillation Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Arfaj, Muhammad A.

    Design of Extraction Column Methanol Recovery System for the TAME Reactive Distillation Process, Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia Abstract This paper studies the synthesis and the design of methanol recovery that methanol could be recovered completely from the hydrocarbon when 5 equilibrium trays in the extraction

  13. A New Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm for Environmental/Economic Power Dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coello, Carlos A. Coello

    A New Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm for Environmental/Economic Power Dispatch M. A. Abido Electrical Engineering Department King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia approach and confirms its potential to solve the multiobjectiveEED problem. 1. INTRODUCTION The basic

  14. Allan Ramsay and the Search for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frischer, Bernard

    , including a catalogue of stone buildings before the Conquest5 and the origin of architecture itself: Our and France; and when our builders began to conform to that later sort of architecture, with pointed arches it from Africa, originally from Arabia; and from the southern parts of Asia ... When I have thought

  15. IMPACT REPORT 2013 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ZEALAND OMAN PERU POLAND QATAR RUSSIA SERBIA SLOVAK SLOVENIA MAURITIUS SAUDI ARABIA PAKISTAN PALESTINE as a global movement: collaboration. The extraordinary power of groups has been known and harnessed since time " " 720 STAFFDRIVINGOURNETWORK 32,000 VOLUNTEERS POWERING THIS GLOBAL MOVEMENT MORE THAN PEOPLE EDUCATED

  16. SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 4. Saudi Engineering Solar Energy Applications System Design Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    Literature summarizing a study on the Saudi Arabian solar controlled environment agriculture system is presented. Specifications and performance requirements for the system components are revealed. Detailed performance and cost analyses are used to determine the optimum design. A preliminary design of an engineering field test is included. Some weather data are provided for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. (BCS)

  17. SOLAR DESALINATION John H. Lienhard,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lienhard V, John H.

    CHAPTER 9 SOLAR DESALINATION John H. Lienhard,1, Mohamed A. Antar,2 Amy Bilton,1 Julian Blanco,3, Saudi Arabia 3 Plataforma Solar de Almeria, Carretera de Senes s/n, 04200 Tabernas (Almeria), Spain 4 supply infrastructure are inadequate, fossil energy costs may be high whereas solar energy is abundant

  18. ON CLUSTER VALIDITY INDEXES IN FUZZY AND HARD CLUSTERING ALGORITHMS FOR IMAGE SEGMENTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louisville, University of

    El-Melegy*, E.A.Zanaty***, Walaa M.Abd-Elhafiez**, and Aly Farag§ *Electrical Department, Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt. **Math. Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt. ***Computer Science Dept., Faculty of Comp. and Information System, Taif University, Saudi Arabia

  19. Dinoflagellate cyst-based reconstructions of mid to late Holocene winter sea-surface temperature and productivity from an anoxic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Timothy

    , Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK d Center for Petroleum and Minerals Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia e SPEEDSTAT, 19 Langstrom of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, is strongly influenced by seasonal changes in the relative strength

  20. Gamow-Teller strength from the 76 Se,,n,p...76

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 2A3 3 University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2N5 4 Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6 5 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia 6 California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

  1. Suliman S. Olayan School of Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program Wassim Dbouk Director of the Master's Program In Finance Riad Dimechkie Director of the Executive and President, Saudi Arabian Oil Company/ Dhahran, Saudi Arabia HE Najib Mikati Trustee, Prime Minister, Alghanim International Corporation/Kuwait H.E. Badr Al-Humaidhi Former Minister of Finance/Al Safat, Kuwait

  2. Suliman S. Olayan School of Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program Wassim Dbouk Director of the Master's Program In Finance Riad Dimechkie Director of the Executive, Saudi Arabian Oil Company/ Dhahran, Saudi Arabia HE Najib Mikati Trustee, Prime Minister of Lebanon, Alghanim International Corporation/Kuwait Spanish H.E. Badr Al-Humaidhi Former Minister of Finance/Al Safat

  3. TECTONICS,VOL. 6, NO. 6, PAGES707-725, DECEMBER1987 MODELS OF POST-MIOCENE DEFORMATION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ze'ev, Reches

    to the Zagros in the northeast. The post-Miocene tectonic pattern of this region includes contin- uing uplift, and thrusting at the eastern margin near the Zagros; and lack of major ac- tive tectonism in the interior. Thus water depth in the Red Sea. The basal shear stress under Arabia must be di- rected toward the Zagros

  4. COMPARISONS OF THE KINEMATICS AND DEEP STRUCTURES OF THE ZAGROS AND HIMALAYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Click Here for Full Article COMPARISONS OF THE KINEMATICS AND DEEP STRUCTURES OF THE ZAGROS of deformation of the Hima- laya and the adjacent Tibetan Plateau with those of the Zagros and Iranian Plateau not yet developed in the Zagros, where collision is more recent and Arabia penetrates into Eurasia more

  5. Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Drop impact into a deep pool: vortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deegan, Robert

    Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Drop impact into a deep pool: vortex of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA 2 Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering & Clean Combustion Arabia 3 Physics of Fluids Group, Faculty of Science and Technology, Mesa+ Institute, University

  6. T h e o p e n a c c e s s j o u r n a l f o r p h y s i c s New Journal of Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kling, Matthias

    , Saudi Arabia E-mail: sarah.stebbings@mpq.mpg.de, mstockman@gsu.edu and matthias.kling@mpq.mpg.de New is investigated theoretically in this paper. Analytical and numerical calculations are employed and compared that numerical calculations can accurately predict the field enhancement and plasmonic decay, but may encounter

  7. Advanced Review Indices for monitoring changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center of Excellence for Climate Change Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 6 Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, Netherlands 7National Climate Data Center, NOAA, Asheville, NC to compare observations with climate model output. However, gridding indices from daily data are not always

  8. On the beach of the Persian Gulf with Sharja behind us Arianne on the plane to Jeddah;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    on the other side of the world in Dubai and Saudi Arabia, where Alice was invited to visit King Abudllah's new. The State Board of Equalization picked up on Dale's economic analysis and concurred that the state could grant on "Distributed Coordination of Agents For Air Traffic Flow Management." It's hard to believe

  9. The New School, NYC Back to course homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~twod/oil-s2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    , or in U.S. relations with Venezuela, Russia, China, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Nigeria? We will analyze://www.eia.doe.gov/ (note the Country Analysis Briefs, CAB) o IEA at http://www.iea.org/ (especially their World Energy of World Energy, and Historical Data Series since 1965: http://www

  10. Hourly Temperature Forecasting Using Abductive Networks R. E. Abdel-Aal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

    Review Copy 1 Hourly Temperature Forecasting Using Abductive Networks R. E. Abdel-Aal Center temperatures, Artificial intelligence. Dr. R. E. Abdel-Aal, P. O. Box 1759, KFUPM, Dhahran 31261 Saudi Arabia e; Khotanzad, Afkhami-Rohani & Maratukulam, 1998; Sharif & Taylor, 2000; Xu & Chen, 1999). Such forecasts

  11. J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 70 (2010) 270281 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    2010-01-01

    Mathematics) Bilbao, Spain c Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering, The University of Texas University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 18 s t r a c t In this paper we present a new parallel multi-frontal direct solver, dedicated for the hp

  12. ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

  13. AN ANALYSIS OF THE CONTRACTING PROCESS FOR AN ERP SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basili, Victor R.

    AN ANALYSIS OF THE CONTRACTING PROCESS FOR AN ERP SYSTEM Adnan Al Bar1 , Victor Basili 2 , Wajdi Al Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia achaudhry@kau.edu.sa ABSTRACT Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP, and increased control. Many organizations are updating their current management information systems with ERP

  14. Received 6 Aug 2012 | Accepted 5 Apr 2013 | Published 14 May 2013 Draft genome sequence of the Tibetan antelope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Bob

    with energy metabolism and oxygen transmission. Both the highland American pika, and the Tibetan antelope have signals of positive selection for genes involved in DNA repair and the production of ATPase. Genes, Denmark. 18 King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. * These authors contributed equally

  15. Coupled Electro-Thermal Simulations of Single Event Burnout in Power Diodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, D. Greg

    indicate that catastrophic failures result from local heating caused by ion-generated carriers. #12 Arabia. #12;Abstract Power diodes may undergo destructive failures when they are struck by high energy particles during the off state (high reverse-biased voltage). This failure is a result of thermal runaway

  16. Resiliency of Open-Source Firewalls against Remote Discovery of Last-Matching Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calyam, Prasad

    $ Department of Computer Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia) of the incoming packet is compared progressively one-rule-at-a time in ascending rule number order. In the case where the incoming packet matches multiple rules, the first matching rule will have the priority

  17. LOCATION OF BANKING AUTOMATIC TELLER MACHINES BASED ON CONVOLUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldajani, Mansour A.

    Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran 31261 Saudi Arabia Email: dajani@kfupm.edu.sa Fax: +966-3-8603315 Phone: +966-3-8602215 1 This work is supported by King Fahd University of Petroleum objective of placing a new off-premise ATM is visibility or free income. The usual first step

  18. Modeling and Analysis of Interrupt Disable-Enable Scheme K. Salah K. Elbadawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah, Khaled Hamed

    of Information and Computer Science King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia be degraded due to interrupt overhead caused by heavy incoming traffic. One of the most popular solutions With almost all today's Gigabit NICs, an incoming packet gets transferred (or DMA'd) through the PCI bus from

  19. Performance Analysis and Comparison of Interrupt-Handling Schemes in Gigabit Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah, Khaled Hamed

    of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Email: {salah,elbadawi,fahd}@kfupm.edu.sa Abstract by heavy incoming traffic. In particular, excessive latency and significant degradation in system. Introduction 1.1. Background In hosts with Gigabit Ethernet links, the arrival rate of incoming packets can

  20. Throughput-Delay Analysis of Interrupt-Driven Kernels with DMA Enabled and Disabled in High-Speed Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah, Khaled Hamed

    of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Email: {salah,elbadawi}@kfupm.edu.sa Abstract Interrupt incoming traffic. Under heavy network traffic, the system performance will be negatively affected due to interrupt overhead caused by the incoming traffic. In particular, excessive latency and significant

  1. To Coalesce or Not To Coalesce Khaled Salah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah, Khaled Hamed

    Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Email: salah caused by heavy incoming traffic. One of the most popular solutions to mitigate such overhead is interrupt coalescing in which a single interrupt is generated for multiple incoming packets. This is opposed

  2. Evaluating System Performance in Gigabit Networks K. Salah** K. El-Badawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah, Khaled Hamed

    and Computer Science King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Email: {salah by the incoming gigabit traffic. This paper presents models and analytical techniques for studying such a negative to run. At low packet arrival rates, the cost of interrupt overhead and latency for handling incoming

  3. Characterization of the Polymer Energy Landscape in Polymer:Fullerene Bulk Heterojunctions with Pure and Mixed Phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGehee, Michael

    Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, 23955-6900 § DepartmentCharacterization of the Polymer Energy Landscape in Polymer:Fullerene Bulk HeterojunctionsGehee*, Materials Science and Engineering Department, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4034, United

  4. Producer-Focused Life Cycle Assessment of Thin-Film Silicon Photovoltaic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Teresa Weirui

    2011-01-01

    Phoenix, US Shanghai, China Mumbai, India Insolation (kWh/mPhoenix, AZ Los Angeles, CA Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Honolulu, HI Insolation (kWh/Phoenix, US Madrid, Spain Munich, Germany Mumbai, India Toulouse, France Shanghai, China Insolation (kWh/

  5. Application of micro-heat pipes for the thermal control of semiconductor devices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbett, Brian Patrick

    2013-02-22

    of energy for life on earth. However, in addition to visible light, deletenous UV radiation, which induces DNA damage, is present in solar radiation. UV-B radiation, that part of the natural light spectrum &om 290-320 nm, induces DNA damage in the form...-1 TEXAS A&M UNIVERSliY LIBRARY CONSTRUCTION OF A PSEUDOMONAS SYRIA'GAE PV. , SYRINGAE REPORTER VECTOR FOR THE STUDY OF THE EXPRESSION OF THE reeA GENE IN RESPONSE TO UV LIGHT A Senior Honors Thesis By JULIE ANN COTTON Submitted to the Office...

  6. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  7. Networks of Networks: Changing Patterns in Country Bandwidth and Centrality in Global Information Infrastructure, 2002-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seo, Hyunjin

    2012-04-01

    of density, degree, and eigenvector centrality from 2002 to 2010. Graphs and statistics were calculated in R (R Development Core Team, 2011) and networks were visualized using Gephi (Bastian, Heymann, & Jacomy, 2009). Global internet geography data obtained....070), Jordan (0.060), Morocco (0.052), Algeria (0.025), Libya (0.014), Palestine Territory (0.012), and Sudan (0.012). The United Arab Emirates showed the highest degree with 12, and the degree of Israel was 8. Data for Iraq and Tunisia were not available...

  8. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  9. Institutions and the Volatility Curse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leong, Weishu; Mohaddes, Kamiar

    2011-07-10

    and 12 can be found in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Our sample also includes 32 out of the 34 OECD countries and 8 out of the 12 of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Thus our sample is very comprehensive... -Bissau Netherlands Tanzania Cameroon Guyana New Zealand Thailand Canada Haiti Nicaragua Togo Central African Rep. Honduras Niger Trinidad and Tobago Chad Hungary Nigeria Tunisia Chile India Norway Turkey China, People?s Rep. of Indonesia Oman Uganda Colombia Iran, I...

  10. Evidence for linkage disequilibrium in chromosome 13-linked Duchenne-like muscular dystrophy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Othmane, K.B.; Speer, M.C.; Stauffer, J. [Duke Univ. Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)] [and others

    1995-09-01

    Duchenne-like muscular dystrophy (DLMD) is an autosomal recessive Limb Girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2C) characterized by late age of onset, proximal muscle weakness leading to disability, high creatine kinase values, normal intelligence and normal dystrophin in muscle biopsy. We have shown previously that three DLMD families from Tunisia are linked to chromosome 13q12. To further localize the LGMD2C gene, we have investigated seven additional families (119 individuals). Both genotyping and two-point linkage analysis were performed as described elsewhere. 7 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  11. Reproductive behavior of addax antelope 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manski, David Allen

    1979-01-01

    -around (mutual circling of the partners), Laufschlag and Flehmen. Estrous was very brief, lasting for a period of approximately 24 to 48 h. Copulation was almost exclusively done by alpha males. Gestation was estimated at nine months, and calving occurred..., and they have disappeared from Tunisia. Apparently the last addax was shot in Bgypt by a bedouin hunter about 1900 (llarper 1945) . A remnant population of addax exisLed in the southern regions of Libya in 1. 966 (Dolan 1966). In Chad, addax seem...

  12. #FailedRevolutions: Using Twitter to Study the Antecedents of ISIS Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magdy, Walid; Weber, Ingmar

    2015-01-01

    Within a fairly short amount of time, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has managed to put large swaths of land in Syria and Iraq under their control. To many observers, the sheer speed at which this "state" was established was dumbfounding. To better understand the roots of this organization and its supporters we present a study using data from Twitter. We start by collecting large amounts of Arabic tweets referring to ISIS and classify them into pro-ISIS and anti-ISIS. This classification turns out to be easily done simply using the name variants used to refer to the organization: the full name and the description as "state" is associated with support, whereas abbreviations usually indicate opposition. We then "go back in time" by analyzing the historic timelines of both users supporting and opposing and look at their pre-ISIS period to gain insights into the antecedents of support. To achieve this, we build a classifier using pre-ISIS data to "predict", in retrospect, who will support or oppose th...

  13. International energy indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-09-01

    Data are compiled and graphs are presented for Iran: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Saudi Arabia: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia): Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, 1973-1980; Oil Stocks: Free World, US, Japan and Europe (landed), 1973-1980; Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, 1973-1980; USSR Crude Oil Production, 1974-1980; Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, 1973-1980; US Imports of Crude Oil and Products, 1973-1980; Landed Cost of Saudi Crude in Current and 1974 Dollars; US Trade in Bituminous Coal, 1973-1980; Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-1980; and Energy/GNP Ratio.

  14. Black Gold Rush in the Near East: A Century of Oil Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooley, Chelsea

    2011-04-01

    owned this one exclusively, its size exceeding the combined states of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Socal soon formed a subsidiary company called the California Arabian Standard Oil Company (Casoc).5 Suddenly, there existed an alliance between... in the US and concern about foreign investment from oil producing countries. Oil companies soon found themselves in a political crossfire between Iran and Saudi Arabia, both Arab countries with economic interest in maintaining alliances with the US...

  15. A systematic study of the president's effect on public opinion: the Bush administration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartline, Kelly

    2013-02-22

    of sending troops to Saudi Arabia?, " "Do you favor going to war with Iraq?, " "How closely have you followed the situation in Iraq?, " and "Do you think the situation in Iraq was worth going to war over?" Each of these questions is relevant... policy, On the other hand, changes in support for going to war with Iraq demonstrates the president' s ability to change public opinion about a more general policy. Similar to the "most important problem" question, measuring how closely the public...

  16. Predicted vs. Actual Energy Savings of Retrofitted House 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Mofeez, I.

    2010-01-01

    data must be Ibraheem A. Al-Mofeez Associate Professor, College of Architecture & Planning, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia ESL-IC-10-10-84 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait...-10-84 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 3/9 Table 2. Load source or system attributes THE INVESTIGATION The evaluation and verification of energy conservation measure (ECMs...

  17. World`s LPG supply picture will change by 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1995-11-06

    Middle East LPG producers will continue to dominate world export markets in 1996. Led by Saudi Arabia, the Middle East will produce nearly 26 million metric tons of LPG in million metric tons of LPG in 1996, more than 54% of the world`s almost 48 million metric tons of export LPG. In 2000, however, with world exports of LPG expanding to 58.9 million metric tons, Middle East suppliers; share will have remained flat, making up 31.7 million metric tons, or 53.9%. Saudi Arabia`s contribution will exceed 15 million metric tons, reflecting essentially no growth since 1995. These and other patterns, from data compiled by Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, and published earlier this year, show other suppliers of LPG, especially African (Algeria/Nigeria), North Sea, and Latin American (Venezuela/Argentina), picking up larger shares in the last 5 years of this decade. This scenario assumes completion of several major supply projects that are either panned, under construction, or nearing start up in most of these areas. The paper discusses the global picture, the supply situation in the Middle East, Africa, the North Sea, and South America.

  18. Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawls, L.W.

    1987-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

  19. International energy indicators. [International and US statistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-03-01

    For the international sector, a table of data is first presented followed by corresponding graph of the data for the following: (1) Iran: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to February 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia (same as Iran); (3) OPEC (ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia); capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to January 1980; (4) non-OPEC Free World and US production of crude oil, 1973 to January 1980; (5) oil stocks: Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (landed), 1973 to 1979; (6) petroleum consumption by industrial countries, 1973 to October 1979; (7) USSR crude oil production, 1974 to February 1980; (8) Free World and US nuclear generation capacity, 1973 to January 1980. For the United States, the same data format is used for the following: (a) US imports of crude oil and products 1973 to January 1980; (b) landed cost of Saudi Arabia crude oil in current and 1974 dollars, 1974 to October 1979; (c) US trade in coal, 1973 to 1979; (d) summary of US merchandise trade, 1976 to January 1980; and (e) US energy/GNP ratio (in 1972 dollars), 1947 to 1979.

  20. Natural Gas Exports from Iran

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01

    This assessment of the natural gas sector in Iran, with a focus on Iran’s natural gas exports, was prepared pursuant to section 505 (a) of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law No: 112-158). As requested, it includes: (1) an assessment of exports of natural gas from Iran; (2) an identification of the countries that purchase the most natural gas from Iran; (3) an assessment of alternative supplies of natural gas available to those countries; (4) an assessment of the impact a reduction in exports of natural gas from Iran would have on global natural gas supplies and the price of natural gas, especially in countries identified under number (2); and (5) such other information as the Administrator considers appropriate.

  1. High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

  2. Gas in developing countries: Volume 2, Country studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    This volume contains detailed case-studies of the history and prospects for natural gas utilization in eight developing countries: Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand and Tunisia. All of these countries have been visited by members of the research team, with the exception of Pakistan. Running through all the case-histories is the importance of defining a clear market for the gas. In some cases this can prove remarkably difficult, especially when the oil price is relatively low. In other cases a market does exist, but is very limited in relation to the size of available reserves. The other theme which recurs over and over again is the importance of the relationship between the government and its agencies, and the foreign oil companies which are involved in exploration and development of gas reserves. These two issues are addressed in detail in each case study. But it is also the case that each country highlights specific aspects of the gas story.

  3. Marginal cost of natural gas in developing countries: concepts and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mashayekhi, A.

    1983-01-01

    Many developing nations are facing complex questions regarding the best strategy for developing their domestic gas reserves. The World Bank has addressed these questions in studies on the cost and prices of gas and its optimal allocation among different markets. Based on the average incremental method, an estimate of the marginal cost of natural gas in 10 developing countries proved to be $0.61-1.79/1000 CF or $3.59-10.54/bbl of oil equivalent, far below the border prices of competing fuels in these nations. Moreover, the cost of gas is not expected to rise in these countries within the next 20 years while the reserves/production ratios remain high. The sample involves a variety of gas compositions and production conditions among the countries of Bangladesh, Cameroon, Egypt, India, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand, and Tunisia.

  4. Natural gas: Governments and oil companies in the Third World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, A.; Hurst, C.; Mabro, R.

    1988-01-01

    It is asserted that oil companies claim to be generally receptive to gas development proposals; however, the lack of potential markets for gas, problems of foreign exchange convertibility, and lack of a legal framework often hinders their engagement. Governments, on the other hand, need to secure domestic energy supply and, if possible, gain some export earnings or royalties. An extensive discussion on the principles of pricing and fiscal regimes, potential points of disagreement is provided. A course of action is outlined from the managerial point of view to circumvent the most common pitfalls in planning and financing a gas project. Eight very detailed case studies are presented for Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Tunisia and Thailand.

  5. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  6. Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards: An Introduction to Safeguards for Emerging Nuclear States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazar, Sarah L.; Gastelum, Zoe N.; Olson, Jarrod; Mathews, Caroline E.; Solodov, Alexander; Zhernosek, Alena; Raffo-Caiado, Ana; Baldwin, George; Horak, Karl; McClelland-Kerr, John; VanSickle, Matthew; Mininni, Margot; Kovacic, Donald

    2009-10-06

    The U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) hosted a workshop from May 4-22, 2009, on the fundamental elements of international safeguards. Entitled "A Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards," the workshop introduced post-graduate students from Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Morocco, Egypt, Algeria and Tunisia to the fundamental issues and best practices associated with international safeguards and encouraged them to explore potential career paths in safeguards. Workshops like these strengthen the international safeguards regime by promoting the development of a "safeguards culture" among young nuclear professionals within nascent nuclear countries. While this concept of safeguards culture is sometimes hard to define and even harder to measure, this paper will demonstrate that the promotion of safeguards cultures through workshops like these justifies the investment of U.S. taxpayer dollars.

  7. Adventures in Infectious Diseases

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Fisher-Hoch, Susan [University of Texas School of Public Health

    2014-06-25

    Dr. Susan Fisher-Hoch, Virologist and Epidemiologist, will discuss her research and travels associated with viral hemorrhagic fevers. From the Ebola outbreak in Reston, Virginia to outbreaks of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in South Africa, Senegal, and Saudi Arabia, Dr. Fisher-Hoch has studied and tracked the pathophysiology of these viral diseases. These studies have led her from the Center for Disease Control in the United States, to Lyon, France where she was instrumental in designing, constructing, and rendering operational a laboratory capable of containing some of the world's most dangerous diseases.

  8. Seawater can damage Saudi sandstone oil reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dahab, A.S. (King Saud Univ., Riyadh (SA))

    1990-12-10

    Experiments have shown that formation damage from waterflooding of the Aramco and Alkhafji sandstones of Saudi Arabia will not occur if the salinity of the injected brines is higher than 20% NaCl. Because the connate water in these reservoirs has a high salt content of up to 231,000 ppm, Saudi oil fields are almost always susceptible to formation damage when flooded with seawater (about 38,500 ppm). The productive behavior of a reservoir can be affected by clay crystals developed within rock pores.

  9. How to implement a gasoline pool lead phase-down

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Mutaz, I.S. [King Saud Univ., Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-02-01

    Some operational changes can be made for immediate reduction of lead concentration of gasoline that require no capital investment. For a further lead reduction, installing new refinery units and/or modifications to existing ones are required. The production of unleaded gasoline in the Riyadh refinery required improvement of the clear research octane number (RON) of light naphtha, light isomerate and reformate. However, only a once-through isomerization unit is needed if MTBE blending is planned. The paper describes how the Riyadh refinery in Saudi Arabia phased lead from their gasoline production.

  10. 4 oil firms turn secret on reserves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaffer, P.

    1980-04-14

    US oil companies are complying with Saudi Arabia's and Indonesia's request by not revealing the companies' shares of oil reserves, adding to supply uncertainties and increasing the power of the producing countries. The information blackout reduces the reserve estimates filed by Exxon, Mobil, Standard Oil of California, and Texaco with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which plans to deal with the reporting problem on a case-by-case basis. Unless the companies decide the information can be disclosed to DOE's Financial Reporting System, a legal battle will ensue. A summary of reserve reports indicates a trend in declining production relative to new discoveries as well. (DCK)

  11. YUNMO WANG | The Dragon's Curse?: Examining the Relationship between China's Participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations and its Economic Ties in Africa, 2000-2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    and Human Migration at the U.S. ­ Mexico Border THOMAS J. TREE | Nuclear Proliferation Realities: IranVeReigNty iN the age of gloBalizatioN: the paRadox BetWeeN the moVemeNt of capital aNd humaN migRatioN at the u.S. ­ mexico BoRdeR thomaS J. tRee | NucleaR pRolifeRatioN RealitieS: iRaN, egypt, aNd Saudi aRaBia michael S

  12. Earth shelter performance and evaluation proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyer, L.L. (ed.)

    1983-01-01

    Papers from 16 states, plus New South Wales, Australia, Alberta, Canada, and the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia were presented in the conference. About one-third of the papers are authored by architects, nearly one-half by engineers, and the remainder are mainly by building contractors. Slightly over half of the authors are associated with universities, of which 13 are represented. The scale of the projects discussed varies from domestic, to commercial, to institutional; with an increased emphasis on passive solar inputs and earth cooling. Of the 32 papers presented, 19 were indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Data Base. (JMT)

  13. Yantai Dongyuan Wind Power Group Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump

  14. Yatu Yangjiang Fengdian Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources

  15. Yichun Xinganling Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy ResourcesYichun

  16. Yinhe Avantis Wind Power Co Ltd formerly known as Avantis Yinhe Wind Power

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy ResourcesYichunCo Ltd

  17. Ynfiniti Engineering Services International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy ResourcesYichunCo

  18. Yongsheng National Energy Wind Power Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy

  19. Yorkshire Windpower | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: EnergyWindpower Jump to:

  20. Your Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: EnergyWindpower Jump to:Your

  1. Yunnan Yangyu Energy Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: EnergyWindpower Jump

  2. Zephyr Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: EnergyWindpower JumpCorp Jump

  3. Zephyr Investments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: EnergyWindpower JumpCorp

  4. Zephyr | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: EnergyWindpower

  5. Zhangbei Guotou Wind Power Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: EnergyWindpowerZhangbei

  6. Zhejiang Wind Power Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: EnergyWindpowerZhangbeiWind

  7. Zhejiang Xingxing Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia:

  8. ZhongHang Baoding Huiteng Windpower Equipment Co Ltd HT Blade | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia:Information ZhongHang

  9. Zhongneng Windpower Equipments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia:Information

  10. Zicom Electronic Security Systems Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia:InformationZicom

  11. community | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia:InformationZicomcommunity

  12. International energy indicators. [Statistical tables and graphs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-05-01

    International statistical tables and graphs are given for the following: (1) Iran - Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-April 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia - Crude Oil Capacity, Production, and Shut-in, March 1974-Apr 1980; (3) OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia) - Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-March 1980; (4) Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, January 1973-February 1980; (5) Oil Stocks - Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (Landed, 1973-1st Quarter, 1980); (6) Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, January 1973-December 1979; (7) USSR Crude Oil Production and Exports, January 1974-April 1980; and (8) Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, January 1973-March 1980. Similar statistical tables and graphs included for the United States include: (1) Imports of Crude Oil and Products, January 1973-April 1980; (2) Landed Cost of Saudi Oil in Current and 1974 Dollars, April 1974-January 1980; (3) US Trade in Coal, January 1973-March 1980; (4) Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-March 1980; and (5) US Energy/GNP Ratio, 1947 to 1979.

  13. Tectonic and depositional model of the Arabian and adjoining plates during the Silurian-Devonian

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Husseini, M.I. (Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-01-01

    During the Late Ordovician and Early Silurian, the western part of the Arabian Peninsula was covered by polar glaciers that advanced from the south pole in African Gondwana. During this period, nondeposition, erosion, or marginal marine conditions prevailed in eastern and northern Arabia. When the glaciers melted in the Early Silurian, sea level rose sharply and the paleo-Tethys Ocean transgressed the Arabian and adjoining plates depositing a thick, organic-rich shale directly over the glaciogenic and periglacial rocks and related unconformities. The post-glacial sequence coarsens upward reflecting the passage of a coastline prograding northward from African and Arabian Gondwana to northern Arabia. A sea level drop in the Late Silurian placed the study area in a terrestrial environment; however, as sea level recovered in the Early Devonian, a carbonate sequence blanketed most of the area. The transgression, however, was interrupted by regional uplift and local orogenic movements in the Middle and Late Devonian. These movements constitute the onset of Hercynian tectonism, which resulted in erosion of the older sequences, depositional hiatuses, and regional facies changes.

  14. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  15. U. S. oil imports: reliance on American neighbors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-11-23

    U.S. reliance on other American nations for crude oil imports has nearly doubled in less than two years. In 1981, 23% of U.S. crude imports came from Western Hemisphere sources; today, 44% do. For total petroleum imports (crude and refined products combined), that percentage for the Western Hemisphere was 38%, rising to 56% in 1983 to date. In fact, the top three petroleum suppliers to the United States (crude and refine products combined) are Western Hemisphere neighbors: Mexico, Canada, and Venezuela, in that order. This represents a dramatic shift to the West since 1981, when Saudi Arabia was the U.S.'s most important source of foreign crude, and Nigeria second. By 1982, Saudi Arabia was bumped to second place by Mexico, and Nigeria came in third. Since 1982, reliance on members of OPEC has been reduced: about 49.75 of the crude imports came from OPEC suppliers last year, compared to 40.8% for the first eight months of 1983. Furthermore, U.S. reliance on Arab OPEC members has been reduced from 21% of total crude oil imports in 1982 to just 13% in 1983. This issue of Energy Dentente includes the fuel price/tol series and the industrial fuel prices for November 1983 for countries for the Western Hemisphere.

  16. Technosocial Modeling for Determining the Status and Nature of a State’s Nuclear Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gastelum, Zoe N.; Harvey, Julia B.

    2009-09-25

    The International Atomic Energy Agency State Evaluation Process: The Role of Information Analysis in Reaching Safeguards Conclusions (Mathews et al. 2008), several examples of nonproliferation models using analytical software were developed that may assist the IAEA with collecting, visualizing, analyzing, and reporting information in support of the State Evaluation Process. This paper focuses on one of the examples a set of models developed in the Proactive Scenario Production, Evidence Collection, and Testing (ProSPECT) software that evaluates the status and nature of a state’s nuclear activities. The models use three distinct subject areas to perform this assessment: the presence of nuclear activities, the consistency of those nuclear activities with national nuclear energy goals, and the geopolitical context in which those nuclear activities are taking place. As a proof-of-concept for the models, a crude case study was performed. The study, which attempted to evaluate the nuclear activities taking place in Syria prior to September 2007, yielded illustrative, yet inconclusive, results. Due to the inconclusive nature of the case study results, changes that may improve the model’s efficiency and accuracy are proposed.

  17. Turnabout. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roggero, F.F.

    1993-04-19

    The proliferation of ideas and strategies is equally as important as the proliferation of weapons. This paper challenges the reader to search for counters to historically successful strategies which could be turned against the US. Specifically, consider the following scenario: In 1994 Iraq, Syria, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan form an alliance called the Southwest Asia Consortium (SAC). In 1996 Iraq invades Kuwait to reclaim its title to the province, and a limited US-led coalition immediately begins to build up a conventional force in the Persian Gulf region. SAC members recognize Iraq's claim to Kuwait and remind the world in a joint statement that an attack on any of its members would be considered an attack on the entire alliance. Furthermore, SAC reserves the right to respond to any attack at an appropriate level, including conventional weapons, battlefield nuclear weapons, intermediate range nuclear missiles or ICBMs. As Iraq prepares a defense of Kuwait with its national forces and token SAC troop deployments, the Consortium's strategy and capability of responding to a potential attack with a full spectrum of weapons confounds America's response to the crisis.

  18. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  19. National Geothermal Academy. Geo-Heat Center Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 2 (Complete Bulletin). A Quarterly Progress and Development Report on the Direct Utilization of Geothermal Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Tonya; Maddi, Phillip

    2012-08-01

    The National Geothermal Academy (NGA) is an intensive 8-week overview of the different aspects involved in developing a geothermal project, hosted at University of Nevada, Reno. The class of 2012 was the second graduating class from the academy and included 21 students from nine states, as well as Saudi Arabia, Dominica, India, Trinidad, Mexico. The class consisted of people from a wide range of scholastic abilities from students pursuing a Bachelor’s or Master’s degrees, to entrepreneurs and professionals looking to improve their knowledge in the geothermal field. Students earned 6 credits, either undergraduate or graduate, in engineering or geology. Overall, the students of the NGA, although having diverse backgrounds in engineering, geology, finance, and other sciences, came together with a common passion to learn more about geothermal.

  20. Horizontal well applications in complex carbonate reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rahman, M.; Al-Awami, H.

    1995-10-01

    Over the past four years, Saudi Aramco has drilled over eighty horizontal wells, onshore and offshore. It has successfully applied this technology to develop new reservoirs as well as enhance recovery from its mature fields. This paper presents the reservoir engineering aspects of `horizontal` and `high angle` wells drilled in a major offshore field in Saudi Arabia. It shows how horizontal wells have (a) increased the recovery of bypassed oil, (b) improved well productivity in tight reservoirs, (c) increased production from thin oil zones underlain by water, and (d) improved peripheral injection. The paper discusses the actual performance of the horizontal wells and compares them with offset conventional wells. It presents the results of logging and testing of these wells, and highlights actual field data on (a) relationship between productivity gain and horizontal length, (b) pressure loss along the horizontal wellbore, and (c) effect of heterogeneity on coning an inflow performance.

  1. Aramco gears for mature saudi production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bleakley, W.B.

    1983-07-01

    Aramco is encountering the condition of maturing production in some of its prolific fields. A new Exploration and Petroleum Engineering Center and other modern facilities will assist Aramco engineers in solving problems of water production, artificial lift, fluid injection, and others associated with normal reservoir depletion. The Aramco producing operation in Saudi Arabia is in 2 main parts--northern and southern. Reservoirs in the northern part (largely off shore) are generally sandstone, while those to the south are carbonate. The current trend is to produce fields according to reserves, which still gives Ghawar field a huge edge. However, offshore fields are being developed to increase production of medium to heavy crude to replace light from Ghawar to reach the goal of balanced production and reserves. Most of the older fields are under water injection to increase oil recovery. Permeabilities are high, and peripheral patterns are used, with injection wells safely outside the oil-water contacts.

  2. How the world's largest seawater injection system was designed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrison, J.B.; Jorque, M.A.

    1981-07-01

    The world's largest seawater injection system went on stream in Saudi Arabia in June 1978 to furnish 4.2 million bpd of water for pressure maintenance in the Uthmaniyah sector of the giant Ghawar Field. The operator, Aramco, first began water injection along the flanks in this field in 1966 using gravity injection wells. This gravity system gave way to a pressurized system under a program started in 1973. During this period, the primary source for injection was saline water from the Wasia Aquifer in the Uthmaniyah area. In 1974 it was determined that this aquifer could not supply the design requirement of 4.2 million bpd of saline water. Therefore, it was decided to convert the injection system to seawater obtained from the Arabian Gulf. This required the design and construction of a seawater treating plant and installation of pipelines and intermediate pump stations to transport the water from the treating plant to the existing Uthmaniyah Water Supply Station.

  3. OPEC production: Untapped reserves, world demand spur production expansion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

    1994-05-02

    To meet projected world oil demand, almost all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have embarked on ambitious capacity expansion programs aimed at increasing oil production capabilities. These expansion programs are in both new and existing oil fields. In the latter case, the aim is either to maintain production or reduce the production decline rate. However, the recent price deterioration has led some major OPEC producers, such as Saudi Arabia and Iran, to revise downward their capacity plans. Capital required for capacity expansion is considerable. Therefore, because the primary source of funds will come from within each OPEC country, a reasonably stable and relatively high oil price is required to obtain enough revenue for investing in upstream projects. This first in a series of two articles discusses the present OPEC capacity and planned expansion in the Middle East. The concluding part will cover the expansion plans in the remaining OPEC countries, capital requirements, and environmental concerns.

  4. The Gulf War and the environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Baz, F. (ed.) (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Makharita, R.M. (ed.) (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

    1994-01-01

    The Gulf War inflicted dramatic environmental damage upon the fragile desert and shore environments of Kuwait and northeastern Saudi Arabia. Coastal and marine environments experienced oil spills of more than 8 million barrels, which killed wildlife and damaged the fishing industry. In inland Kuwait, hundreds of oil lakes are scattered across the desert surface: these lakes emit noxious gases, drown insects and birds, and may seep to pollute groundwater. Exploding and burning oil wells released soot particles, oil droplets, and noxious chemicals into the atmosphere, spreading air pollution, acid rain, and respiratory problems. Military diggings, constructions, and vehicles have destroyed much of the desert pavement, resulting in increased dust storms and large, moving dunes.

  5. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  6. Observation manipulator bell proves worth in Transmediterranean pipeline construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, R.E.

    1981-10-26

    In constructing the trans-Mediterranean undersea pipeline between Tunisia and Sicily, Perry Oceanographics used a manned, tethered vehicle called an observation manipulator bell (OMB), which has proven itself in deepwater pipelaying operations. The OMB carries a crew of two inside a pressure hull with an internal diameter of 76 in. Its overall diameter is 102 in. and it weighs 17,500 lb. The vehicle has two 5-hp port- and starboard-mounted electric thrusters. Its vertical position can be controlled by either the bell operator using a clump-weight haul-down winch or the surface operator with the umbilical winch. The OMB is fitted with video cameras and voice communication. The vehicle has reached depths of 3000 ft within 30 min with only a 10-ft overshoot. The OMB's single and/or dual manipulator-arm systems can operate its onboard impact wrenches, cut-off saws, water jets, and cable cutters. In addition, the manipulator claws can operate valve wheels and levers, attach anodes, and connect of disconnect cables and hydraulic systems. The versatility of the OMB was demonstrated recently when the vehicle rescued a PC-1602 submarine that had become entangled at 1740 ft.

  7. Trans-Sahara pipe line would deliver Nigeria gas to Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muenzler, M.H.

    1983-11-01

    Bechtel has made an in-house study of a natural gas transmission line extending from Nigeria to the Mediterranean and then on into Europe. Based upon the analysis, the pipeline project appears sufficiently viable to warrant further study. Perhaps the single most important element in design of pipelines crossing international borders is the political aspects involved in constructing, owning, and operating the line. These considerations not only effect the location of the pipeline, the manner of financing and ownership, but also whether the line will be constructed. The line crosses several international boundaries, depending upon the route selected. Each route crosses Niger. Case A crosses Algeria and into Tunisia where it ultimately would cross the Strait of Sicily into Italy. Case B crosses the Niger- Algerian border and then traverses Algeria to the Mediterranean where it is planned to connect to the Segamo pipeline and to link with the pipeline network in Spain. Case C crosses the countries of Niger, Mali, Mauritania, and into Morocco, and ultimately crosses the Mediterranean Sea close to the Strait of Gibraltar. Nigeria has proven natural gas reserves estimated to range from 2.5 to 4 trillion cu m (38 to 140 tcf).

  8. The Case for the Application of Worldwide Marine Radioactivity Studies In the Search for Undeclared Facilities and Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Schanfein

    2013-06-01

    Undeclared nuclear facilities unequivocally remain the most difficult safeguards challenge facing the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Recent cases of undeclared facilities revealed in Iran and Syria, which are NPT signatory States, show both the difficulty and the seriousness of this threat to nonproliferation. In the case of undeclared nuclear facilities, the most effective deterrent against proliferation is the application of Wide-Area Environmental Sampling (WAES); however, WAES is currently cost-prohibitive. As with any threat, the most effective countering strategy is a multifaceted approach. Some of the approaches applied by the IAEA include: open source analysis, satellite imagery, on-site environmental sampling, complementary access under the Additional Protocol (where in force), traditional safeguards inspections, and information provided by member States. These approaches, naturally, are focused on specific States. Are there other opportunities not currently within the IAEA purview to assess States that may provide another opportunity to detect clandestine facilities? In this paper, the author will make the case that the IAEA Department of Safeguards should explore the area of worldwide marine radioactivity studies as one possible opportunity. One such study was released by the IAEA Marine Environment Laboratory in January 2005. This technical document focused on 90Sr, 137Cs, and 239/240Pu. It is clearly a challenging area because of the many sources of anthropogenic radionuclides in the world’s oceans and seas including: nuclear weapons testing, reprocessing, accidents, waste dumping, and industrial and medical radioisotopes, whose distributions change based on oceanographic, geochemical, and biological processes, and their sources. It is additionally challenging where multiple States share oceans, seas, and rivers. But with the application of modern science, historical sampling to establish baselines, and a focus on the most relevant radionuclides, the potential is there to support this challenging IAEA safeguards mission.

  9. Crustal structure of mountain belts and basins: Industry and academic collaboration at Cornell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allmendinger, R.; Barazangi, M.; Brown, L. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)] [and others

    1995-08-01

    Interdisciplinary investigations of the large-scale structure and evolution of key basins and orogenic belts around the world are the focal point of academic-industry interaction at Cornell. Ongoing and new initiatives with significant industry involvement include: Project INDEPTH (Interdisciplinary Deep Profiling of Tibet and the Himalayas), a multinational effort to delineate deep structure across the type example of active continent-continent collision. 300 km of deep reflection profiling was collected across the Himalaya: and southern Tibet Plateau in 1992 and 1994. CAP (Cornell Andes Project), a long-standing interdisciplinary effort to understand the structure and evolution of the Andes, with a focus on Argentina, Chile and Bolivia. A deep reflection profile is tentatively planned for 1997. Intra-plate Orogeny in the Middle East and North Africa is the focus of multidisciplinary regional syntheses of existing seismic reflection and other databases in Syria (Palmyrides)and Morocco (Atlas), with an emphasis on reactivation and inversion tectonics. Project URSEIS (Urals Reflection Seismic Experiment and Integrated Studies) is a collaboration with EUROPROBE to collect 500 km of vibroseis and dynamite deep reflection profiling across the southern Urals in 1995. Project CRATON, an element in COCORP`s systematic exploration of the continental US, is a nascent multi-disciplinary effort to understand the buried craton of the central US and the basins built upon it. Global Basins Research Network (GBRN) is a diversified observational and computational effort to image and model the movement of pore fluids in detail and on a regional scale for a producing oil structure in the Gulf of Mexico.

  10. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  11. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

  12. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  13. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  14. U.S. energy flow -- 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

    1995-12-01

    Energy consumption in 1994 increased for the fourth year in a row, reaching an all-time high. It was associated with a robust economy, low inflation, and low unemployment rates. Of the populous states, California lagged substantially behind the national recovery. Consumption in all major end-use sectors reached historic highs. Transmission of electrical power by the utilities increased almost 3%. However, this understates the increase of the total amount of electricity used in the nation because the amount of electricity used ``in-house`` by a growing number of self-generators is unrecorded. Imports of both fossil fuels and electricity increased. About half of the total oil consumed was imported, with Saudi Arabia being the principal supplier. Domestic oil production continued to decline; however, the sharp decline in Alaskan production was slowed. The increase in the demand for natural gas was met by both a modest increase in domestic production and imports from Canada, which comprised 10% of supply. The residential/commercial sector is the largest single consumer of natural gas; however, use by electric generators has increased annually for the past decade. The regulated utilities increased their consumption 11% in 1994. The year was noteworthy for the US nuclear power industry. Work was halted on the last nuclear power plant under construction in the country. Because of the retirement of aged and poorly performing nuclear plants and because of improved efficiencies, the capacity factor for the remaining 109 operable plants reached a record 74%.

  15. Activated carbon cleanup of the acid gas feed to Claus sulfur plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harruff, L.G.; Bushkuhl, S.J. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents the details of a recently developed novel process using activated carbon to remove hydrocarbon contaminants from the acid gas feed to Claus sulfur recovery units. Heavy hydrocarbons, particularly benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) have been linked to coke formation and catalyst deactivation in Claus converters. This deactivation results in reduced sulfur recovery and increased sulfur emissions from these plants. This effect is especially evident in split flow Claus plants which bypass some of the acid gas feed stream around the initial combustion step because of a low hydrogen sulfide concentration. This new clean-up process was proven to be capable of removing 95% of the BTX and other C{sub 6}{sup +} hydrocarbons from acid gas over a wide range of actual plant conditions. Following the adsorption step, the activated carbon was easily regenerated using low pressure steam. A post regeneration drying step using plant fuel gas also proved beneficial. This technology was extensively pilot tested in Saudi Aramco`s facilities in Saudi Arabia. Full scale commercial units are planned for two plants in the near future with the first coming on-line in 1997. The process described here represents the first application of activated carbon in this service, and a patent has been applied for. The paper will discuss the pilot plant results and the issues involved in scale-up to commercial size.

  16. Management information systems software evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Tunisi, N.; Ghazzawi, A.; Gruyaert, F.; Clarke, D. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Process and Control Systems Dept.

    1995-11-01

    In November 1993, Saudi Aramco management endorsed a proposal to coordinate the development of the Management Information Systems (MISs) of four concurrent projects for its facilities Controls Modernization Program. The affected projects were the Ras Tanura Refinery Upgrade Project, the Abqaiq Plant Controls Modernization and the Shedgum and Uthmaniyah Gas plants Control Upgrade Projects. All of these projects had a significant requirement of MISs in their scope. Under the leadership of the Process and Control Systems Department, and MIS Coordination Team was formed with representatives of several departments. An MIS Applications Evaluation procedure was developed based on the Kepner Tregoe Decisions Analysis Process and general questionnaires were sent to over a hundred potential Vendors. The applications were divided into several categories, such as: Data Capture and Historization, Human User Interface, Trending, Reporting, Graphic Displays, Data Reconciliation, Statistical Analysis, Expert Systems, Maintenance Applications, Document Management and Operations Planning and Scheduling. For each of the MIS Application areas, detailed follow-up questionnaires were used to short list the candidate products. In May and June 1994, selected Vendors were invited to Saudi Arabia for an Exhibition which was open to all Saudi Aramco employees. In conjunction with this, the Vendors were subjected to a rigorous product testing exercise by independent teams of testers. The paper will describe the methods used and the lessons learned in this extensive software evaluation phase, which was a first for Saudi Aramco.

  17. Saudi Aramco details 1990 surge in oil production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12

    This paper reports on Saudi Arabian Oil Co. that has jumped its crude oil production 29% to an average 6,257,600 b/d last year. That was Saudi Arabia's response to Iraq's Aug. 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing Persian Gulf crisis with its United Nations embargo on Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports. It was Saudi Aramco's biggest average crude oil volume since the 6,327,220 b/d gauged in 1982, according to the company's 1990 annual report. By the end of 1990 Saudi Aramco's maximum sustained production capability was 8.5 million b/d of crude. To meet long term demand, it decided to advance the timetable and increase the scope of a crude oil expansion program adopted in 1989. Reserves at the end of the year were 257.9 billion bbl of crude and 180.5 tcf of dissolved, associated, and non-associated natural gas, compared with 257.5 billion bbl and 180.355 tcf at yearend 1989.

  18. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. (Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the Interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for Integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphases is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  19. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphasis is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  20. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the Interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for Integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphases is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  1. Mexico: swapping crude for atoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Navarro, B.

    1982-06-24

    Mexico, considered the Saudi Arabia of the Western Hemisphere because of its proven and potential petroleum reserves, has surprised the world: it has embarked on the biggest nuclear-electric program in the Third World, only to postpone it days before scheduled approval of an international bidding (on which the atomic energy industry had pinned its hopes). A graph shows Mexican supplies of electricity by source with official projections to 1990. The point of entrance of the first nuclear reactor, originally scheduled for 1982, won't come onstream until 1983; and how nuclear-generated electricity grows close to 5% of the total in 1990. The big question is, will the future President of Mexico give the green light to the atomic megaproject. And if he does, how will Mexico deal with the serious logistics problems and grave ecological implications confronting the industry worldwide. In this issue, the author and Energy Detente touch on these questions and review the nuclear power status of Mexico, as well as addressing some of its global problems. Also presented in this issue is an update of the fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries.

  2. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  3. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  4. Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-02-01

    There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

  5. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  6. Comparative analysis of Nigerian international oil marketing model (NIOMM) and the models of four selected OPEC members; and a proposed new model for Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Udeke, O.O.

    1986-01-01

    This study demonstrates that NIOMM has deficiencies and, as a result, has affected the progress of Nigeria's political and socio-economic development. One finding is that Nigeria is beset with ineffective planning, lack of marketing expertise, and inadequate marketing strategies. Other findings show that: (1) the Nigerian oil industry (HOI) is suffering from mismanagement stemming from corruption, tribalism, Federal Character Policy, and lack of dedication and patriotism by the Nigerian workers; (2) there is inefficiency in the Nigerian national petroleum corporation (NNPC) but, at the same time, the inefficiency is partly because of the government policies, conflicts, interference by high government officials and politicians, and the enormous size of the oil industry; (3) oil revenues are improperly utilized; (4) neither the multinational oil corporations (MNOCs) nor multinational corporations (MNCs) are assisting the oil producing nations (OPNs) or developing countries (DCs) in their economic development, and MNOCs and MNCs are interested in profit maximization; and (5) MNCs do not transfer the type of technology that meets the needs of DCs, and sometimes the technology creates problems for DCs which ultimately results into conflicts between MNCs and DCs. The inverse of these problems has been a sine qua non for success in the IOMMs of the four OPEC member, especially in Saudi Arabia.

  7. Nigeria`s oil production behavior: Tests of alternative hypotheses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Awokuse, T.O.; Jones, C.T.

    1994-12-31

    The sudden quadrupling of world oil prices in 1973-1974 marked the beginning of several formal inquiries by economists into the production behavior of members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Interest in the organization was further heightened in 1979 when nominal oil prices further doubled. However, oil market analysts have differed in their evaluation of OPEC`s role in the determination of world oil prices. Most energy economists have modeled OPEC as a cartel. Morris Adelman has suggested that OPEC`s true nature lies somewhere between two polar cases of a dominant-firm industry and an imperfect, market-sharing cartel. In the former case, one large, dominant firm (i.e., Saudi Arabia) serves as the {open_quotes}swing producer,{close_quotes} allowing other cartel members and non-OPEC oil producers to produce whatever they wished, controlling the market price by itself through its own output adjustments. The latter case of an imperfect market-sharing cartel is a loose collusive arrangement in which all members agree on an acceptable price level and individual output shares for each producer. Adelman believes that OPEC wobbles between these two cases, depending upon market conditions.

  8. Big questions cloud Iraq's future role in world oil market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1992-03-09

    This paper reports that Iraq raises questions for the world oil market beyond those frequently asked about when and under what circumstances it will resume exports. Two wars since 1981 have obscured encouraging results from a 20 year exploration program that were only beginning to come to light when Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990. Those results indicate the country might someday be able to produce much more than the 3.2 million b/d it was flowing before a United Nations embargo blocked exports. If exploratory potential is anywhere near what officials asserted in the late 1980s, and if Iraq eventually turns hospitable to international capital, the country could become a world class opportunity for oil companies as well as an exporter with productive capacity approaching that of Saudi Arabia. But political conditions can change quickly. Under a new, secular regime, Iraq might welcome non-Iraqi oil companies and capital as essential to economic recovery. It's a prospect that warrants a new industry look at what the country has revealed about its geology and exploration history.

  9. Lidar Measurements of the Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Optical and Physical Properties over Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Boris B.; Sverdlik, Leonid G.; Imashev, Sanjar A.; Solomon, Paul A.; Lantz, Jeffrey; Schauer, James J.; Shafer, Martin M.; Artamonova, Maria S.; Carmichael, Gregory R.

    2013-01-01

    The vertical structure of aerosol optical and physical properties was measured by Lidar in Eastern Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, from June 2008 to May 2009. Lidar measurements were supplemented with surface-based measurements of PM 2.5 and PM 10 mass and chemical composition in both size fractions. Dust transported into the region is common, being detected 33% of the time. The maximum frequency occurred in the spring of 2009. Dust transported to Central Asia comes from regional sources, for example, Taklimakan desert and Aral Sea basin, and from long-range transport, for example, deserts of Arabia, Northeast Africa, Iran, and Pakistan. Regionalmore »sources are characterized by pollution transport with maximum values of coarse particles within the planetary boundary layer, aerosol optical thickness, extinction coefficient, integral coefficient of aerosol backscatter, and minimum values of the Ångström exponent. Pollution associated with air masses transported over long distances has different characteristics during autumn, winter, and spring. During winter, dust emissions were low resulting in high values of the Ångström exponent (about 0.51) and the fine particle mass fraction (64%). Dust storms were more frequent during spring with an increase in coarse dust particles in comparison to winter. The aerosol vertical profiles can be used to lower uncertainty in estimating radiative forcing. « less

  10. How can we build an oil reserve without offending the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1980-06-28

    Congress has ordered the Department of Energy to resume filling the strategic oil reserves at about the same 100,000 barrels of crude oil a day as the government fields at Elk Hills, California produce. Pressure to increase this amount while a world surplus exists will be strong, even though members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have threatened to reduce their production if the US takes such action. The concept of a strategic reserve of 750 million barrels (a 90-day supply) first emerged as a way to separate foreign-policy decisions from foreign-oil supplies. The present level of 92 million barrels (12-13-days imports), however, has made the reserve a political issue. Delays were caused by a combination of site problems, budget cuts, market disruptions, and policy changes. The debate centers on timing - when the US should return to the market to continue filling the storage sites. US relations with Saudi Arabia are sensitive to Middle East peace agreements, the security of Saudi Arabian territory, and the security of Saudi Arabian production levels. The foreign-policy implications and their severity are disputed. (DCK)

  11. The Russian Federation's Ministry of Atomic Energy: Programs and Developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CM Johnson

    2000-07-24

    This paper reviews select programs driving the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation's (Minatom) efforts to raise funds, comments on their potential viability, and highlights areas likely to be of particular concern for the US over the next three to five years. The paper's findings are: (1) Despite numerous cabinet displacements throughout the Yeltsin administration, Yevgeny Adamov was reappointed Minister on four occasions. With Boris Yeltsin's January 1, 2000 resignation, Adamov's long-term position as the head of the Ministry is more tenuous, but he will likely retain his position until at least the March 2000 elections. Acting President Vladimir Putin is unlikely to reorganize his cabinet prior to that date and there are no signs that Putin is dissatisfied with Adamov's leadership of Minatom. (2) Adamov's chief priorities are downsizing Minatom's defense sector, increasing the oversight of subsidiary bodies by the central bureaucracy and consolidating commercial elements of the Ministry within an umbrella organization called Atomprom. (3) Viktor Mikhaylov, Adamov's predecessor and critic of his reform efforts, has been relieved of his duties as First Deputy Minister. While he retains his positions as Chief of the Science Councils and Chief Scientist at Arzamas-16, his influence on Minatom's direction is greatly diminished. Adamov will likely continue his efforts to further marginalize Mikhaylov in the coming year. (4) Securing extra-budgetary sources of income continues to be the major factor guiding Minatom's international business dealings. The Ministry will continue to aggressively promote the sale of nuclear technology abroad, often to countries with questionable nonproliferation commitments. (5) Given the financial difficulties in Russia and Minatom's client states, however, few nuclear development programs will come to fruition for a number of years, if ever. Nevertheless, certain peaceful nuclear cooperation agreements should be carefully monitored--particularly those negotiated with Cuba, Iran, Libya and Syria. (6) Waste management has also risen in importance for Minatom. Opportunities for raising funds by reprocessing, storing and permanently disposing of spent fuel from foreign states are being explored. Although currently prohibited by federal law, the Russian Parliament will likely pass legislation in support of this program.

  12. Performance prediction using geostatistics and window reservoir simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fontanilla, J.P.; Al-Khalawi, A.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Johnson, S.G.

    1995-11-01

    This paper is the first window model study in the northern area of a large carbonate reservoir in Saudi Arabia. It describes window reservoir simulation with geostatistics to model uneven water encroachment in the southwest producing area of the northern portion of the reservoir. In addition, this paper describes performance predictions that investigate the sweep efficiency of the current peripheral waterflood. A 50 x 50 x 549 (240 m. x 260 m. x 0.15 m. average grid block size) geological model was constructed with geostatistics software. Conditional simulation was used to obtain spatial distributions of porosity and volume of dolomite. Core data transforms were used to obtain horizontal and vertical permeability distributions. Simple averaging techniques were used to convert the 549-layer geological model to a 50 x 50 x 10 (240 m. x 260 m. x 8 m. average grid block size) window reservoir simulation model. Flux injectors and flux producers were assigned to the outermost grid blocks. Historical boundary flux rates were obtained from a coarsely-ridded full-field model. Pressure distribution, water cuts, GORs, and recent flowmeter data were history matched. Permeability correction factors and numerous parameter adjustments were required to obtain the final history match. The permeability correction factors were based on pressure transient permeability-thickness analyses. The prediction phase of the study evaluated the effects of infill drilling, the use of artificial lifts, workovers, horizontal wells, producing rate constraints, and tight zone development to formulate depletion strategies for the development of this area. The window model will also be used to investigate day-to-day reservoir management problems in this area.

  13. Major events in the late Precambrian to early Triassic geohistory of the Arabian Peninsula

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stump, T.E.; Connally, T.C.; Van der Eem, J.G.L.A. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01

    The late Precambrian to Early Triassic of the Arabian Peninsula occur in five supergroups. Their geohistory resulted from sedimentation along fluvial to midshelf facies tracts, eustatic oscillation and periodic uplift. The first supergroup, Plate Precambrian-Middle Cambrian, includes the Siq/Salib and Yatib formations. Deposited by north-eastward-flowing braided streams, they eroded and buried an Arabian shield topography. The Saq Formation lies in angular unconformity on the Siq which documents early Middle Cambrian uplift. Supergroup two, Middle Cambrian-middle Caradocian, the Burj and Saq formations, the Hanadir, Kahfah, and Ra'an members, Qasim Formation, were deposited on a stable continental margin in fluvio-deltaic to midshelf settings. Coastal onlap occurred in the Middle Cambrian, early Llanvirn, middle Llandeilo and early Caradoc. Middle Caradocian uplift deeply eroded parts of central and southern Arabia. Supergroup three of middle Caradocian-early Llandoverian are the Quwarah Member, Qasim Formation and the Zarqa/Sarah formations. They were deposited in a fluvio-deltaic shallow shelf. Late Ashgill uplift, combined with glacially induced sea level lowering, incised valleys up to 2000 ft (610 m) deep. Supergroup four, early Llandovery-Middle Carboniferous, includes the Qalibah, Tawil, Jauf, Jubah and Berwath formations. They were deposited in a fluvio-deltaic marine, river dominated system. The Quysaiba and Sharawra members, Qalibah Formation, were the offshore clays and prodelta sands, the Tawil-Jubah were the fluvial to delta front, and the Berwath the delta plain facies. Deep pre-Tawil erosion documents late Silurian-Early Devonian uplift. The fifth supergroup are the Juwayl, Unayzah, Khuff and Sudair formations. The first two units were deposited in a glacio-fluvial system which eroded and infilled a Hercynian topography. The Khuff transgression occurred during the Artinsklan-Tartarian and the Early Triassic regressive Sudair documents renewed uplift.

  14. Characterization and significance of a stylolitic fracture system determined from horizontal core and borehole imaging data, Hanifa Reservoir, Abqaiq Field (SA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T.; Grover, G. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Wiltse, E. [Schlumberger, Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01

    The Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field, eastern Saudi Arabia, consists of microporous (up to 30% porosity) lime mudstones with low matrix permeability (< 10 md). SEM imagery reveals a crystal framework texture of micro-rhombic calcite crystals with 2-5 {mu}m-sized intercrystalline pore spaces. Fluid transmissibility was preliminarily identified as via fractures as indicated by no stratigraphic predictability to fluid flow, high flow over thin stratigraphic intervals, little relationship between high flow and high porosity intervals, large disparity between core Kh and well-test Kh, and observation offractures in cores and borehole imaging logs front horizontal Hanifa wells. Integration of descriptions from over 4000 fractures observed in borehole images together with descriptions of over 500 fractures identified from vertica1 and horizontal cores has resulted in further characterization of the fracture system. The fractures are open to partially-open, with an east-to northeast orientation, and they cluster in low porosity zones which are characterized by intense stylolitization. These sub-parallel, nearly vertical, discontinuous fractures terminate at stylolites, or pinchout locally into tight carbonate matrix, and contain appreciable amounts of dead oil and calcite cement. In zones of particularly intense stylolitization, fracturing may be locally pervasive, giving the rock a brecciated appearance. Together, the stylolites and stylolite-related fractures form the primary permeability system ofthe Hanifa reservoir. This fracture system architecture is critical to understanding the production characteristics of the reservoir, which include anomalously high fluid flow in low porosity zones or transition zones between high and low porosity, radial flow behavior from well tests, smaller than expected differences in well productivity between vertical and horizontal wells, and limited injection water breakthrough.

  15. Seismic Velocity Structure and Depth-Dependence of Anisotropy in the Red Sea and Arabian Shield from Surface Wave Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, S; Gaherty, J; Schwartz, S; Rodgers, A; Al-Amri, A

    2007-07-25

    We investigate the lithospheric and upper mantle structure as well as the depth-dependence of anisotropy along the Red Sea and beneath the Arabian Peninsula using receiver function constraints and phase velocities of surface waves traversing two transects of stations from the Saudi Arabian National Digital Seismic Network. Frequency-dependent phase delays of fundamental-mode Love and Rayleigh waves, measured using a cross-correlation procedure, require very slow shear velocities and the presence of anisotropy throughout the upper mantle. Linearized inversion of these data produce path-averaged 1D radially anisotropic models with about 4% anisotropy in the lithosphere, increasing to about 4.8% anisotropy across the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB). Models with reasonable crustal velocities in which the mantle lithosphere is isotropic cannot satisfy the data. The lithospheric lid, which ranges in thickness from about 70 km near the Red Sea coast to about 90 km beneath the Arabian Shield, is underlain by a pronounced low-velocity zone with shear velocities as low as 4.1 km/s. Forward models, which are constructed from previously determined shear-wave splitting estimates, can reconcile surface and body wave observations of anisotropy. The low shear velocity values are similar to many other continental rift and oceanic ridge environments. These low velocities combined with the sharp velocity contrast across the LAB may indicate the presence of partial melt beneath Arabia. The anisotropic signature primarily reflects a combination of plate- and density-driven flow associated with active rifting processes in the Red Sea.

  16. Macro economic approach to oil production in OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shojai, S.

    1984-01-01

    This paper uses a macro economic model of oil exporting developing nations (OPEC) in conjunction with a social welfare function approach (optimal control) to derive an optimum level of oil production. The macro model assumes the economy produces only three goods (oil, imported goods, and nontraded goods), and the foreign exchange rate if fixed. There are twelve endogenous and nine exogenous variables. A 2SLS technique is applied to estimate the macro model using pooled data over the period from 1973-1979. Countries included in this study are: Indonesia, Iran, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela. The estimated macro model is used as a constraint in the process of maximization of a quadratic social welfare function which includes all of some of the endogenous variables of the model as well as the only control variable, namely, oil exports. Optimal oil production for the period 1974-1981 is calculated based on three different scenarios (A, B, and C). The empirical results indicate that oil revenue is an important factor in determination of GNP, government revenues, and expenditures, consumption, and money supply. The price level does not influence imports, consumption, and demand for money balances. Also, the nontraded goods industry seems to be an isolated industry, and distribution of income changes to the detriment of this industry as the economy becomes more open to international trade. The paper concludes that if economic growth is the main objective of policy makers, greater utilization of oil resources is required. Finally, it suggests more reliance on market forces and less subsidy programs.

  17. Late Quaternary paleodune deposits in Abu Dhabi Emirate, UAF: Paleoclimatic implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brouwers, E.M.; Bown, T.M. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)); Hadley, D.G. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

    1993-04-01

    Remnants of late Quaternary paleodunes are exposed near the coast of the Arabian Gulf and in large inland playas and interdunal areas in central and western Abu Dhabi Emirate over a distance of >45 km normal to the coast. Paleodunes occur south of Madinat Zayed (lat. 23[degree]35 N), which marks the northern limit of a modern dune field that grades into the mega-dune sand sea of the ar Rub al Khali, Saudi Arabia. Coastal paleodunes are composed of weakly cemented millolid foraminifers, ooids, and rounded biogenic grains, whereas inland and southward the paleodunes show a progressive increase in the proportion of eolian quartz sand. The paleodunes exhibit large-scale trough foresets in remnant exposures 0.5 to 10 m thick, indicating paleowind directions from 65[degree] to 184[degree] (dominantly southeast transport). Scattered paleoplaya remnants provide paleodune scale. Paleoplaya deposits form buttes 30--50 m high. If coeval with the Paleodunes, large-scale paleodune fields are implied (100+ m high), comparable to star dunes and sand mountains at the northwestern edge of the ar Rub al Khali. Based on U-Th isotopic analyses, the carbonate paleodune sands are >160ka and probably >250ka. The carbonate source was a shallow, nearly dry Arabian Gulf at a time when large areas were exposed during a low sea-level stand. Paleowind direction indicates that Pleistocene prevailing winds were northwesterly, the direction of the dominant (winter shamal) wind today. The geographic extend and implied magnitude of the paleodunes suggest large-scale eolian transport of carbonate sand during the Pleistocene disiccation, and admixed quartz sand identifies a youthful stage of contemporaneous evolution of the ar Rub al Khali. Wave-eroded paleodunes probably floor much of the present-day Gulf and extend beneath the modern dunes and sand mountains.

  18. Iraq: Eastern flank of the Arab world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helms, C.M.

    1984-01-01

    Iraq, holding oil reserves second only to those of Saudi Arabia in the Middle East, is locked in a war with Iran whose outcome will affect Western energy supplies and the prospects for stability in the Arabian Gulf. Yet Iraq even now remains little known to Western governments and publics. This study is intended to enlarge understanding of Iraqi behavior and of the concerns that motivate its leaders. Rather than selecting issues of importance to other countries, the author focuses on the forces that influence policy formulation in Iraq and evokes the perspective from which the Iraqi government itself views its problems and sets its priorities. Part 1 examines the country's evolution into modern Iraq, explaining why problems that have recurred throughout Iraqi history have bedeviled all recent Iraqi governments and created tension between ''Iraq the nation'' and ''Iraq the state.'' Part 2 discusses the Arab Ba'th Socialist party, which has dominated Iraqi political life since 1968. The author neither condemns nor praises this controversial party and its current leader, President Saddam Husain, but seeks to explain why they have adopted the positions and taken the actions that have characterized their rule. Part 3 analyzes the war between Iraq and Iran, its causes, and the decisions Iraq has made in light of its goals and its assumptions about Iran. The author finds that this is not simply ''a war over borders'' but a deeper conflict between Islamic conservatism and Arab nationalism. Looking beyond the war, the final chapter assesses Iraq's potential importance in the Middle East and to the world economy. 8 figs.

  19. Three Blind Men and the Elephant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, J S

    2007-02-13

    Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change by itself will fail to gather b