Sample records for arabia senegal seychelles

  1. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneArabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneArabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone

  2. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneBelgium Barbados Serbia and Montenegro Romania Japan SpainFreq. Poland Serbia & Montenegro Seychelles China Costa Rica

  3. Brasil-Senegal: Seminrio Internacional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brasil-Senegal: Seminário Internacional sociedade, poder e cultura, desafios da contemporaneidade - 12:30h 1ª Mesa Redonda: Gênero, Família e Juventude no Brasil e no Senegal: permanências e mudanças. Sonia Maria Giacomini (PUC-Rio) Gênero, poder e religião: as religiões de matriz africana no Brasil

  4. arabia senegal sudan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as identification of the dominating microflora in water samples. Samples were taken monthly from different places in Khartoum State and Wadmedani district, Sudan. These samples...

  5. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  6. The Political Ecology of Paradise: Exploring the narrative and its perceptions in Seychelles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Julia K

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    poststructuralist political ecology approach, this research aims to deconstruct this narrative by exploring local perceptions of an environmental rehabilitation project in Seychelles as well as exploring flows of knowledge and money in international institutions...

  7. PIRATA Northeast Extension 2008 Cruise Report Dakar, Senegal to Dakar, Senegal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PIRATA Northeast Extension 2008 Cruise Report R/V Antea Dakar, Senegal to Dakar, Senegal Chief. NOAA arranged a smaller-scale cruise by chartering the French R/V Antea in October 2008 through GENAVIR, the French organization that operates the Antea. This cruise focused upon servicing the PNE moorings

  8. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENASCote dIvoire, Ghana, Nigeria, and Senegal, which togetherGhana Million m 2 GWh Nigeria Senegal Source: BUENAS 2008

  9. Senegal-GTZ Programme to Promote Rural Electrification and a...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Promote Rural Electrification and a Sustainable Supply of Domestic Fuel Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Senegal-GTZ Programme to promote rural electrification and a sustainable...

  10. Senegal: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpenSenegal: Energy

  11. Brief Original Article Antibiotic susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori isolates in Dakar, Senegal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Brief Original Article Antibiotic susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori isolates in Dakar, Senegal Abstract Background: Helicobacter pylori is the primary cause of peptic ulcer disease and an etiologic. Keywords: Helicobacter pylori; antimicrobial susceptibility; Senegal J Infect Developing Countries 2009; 3

  12. 2, 169190, 2007 Turkey-Arabia and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    eED 2, 169­190, 2007 Turkey-Arabia and Africa-Arabia plate boundaries R. Westaway et al. Title PageEarth Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of eEarth Geometry of the Turkey-Arabia and Africa in eastern Turkey R. Westaway1,2 , T. Demir3 , and A. Seyrek4 1 Faculty of Mathematics and Computing

  13. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sector. Nigeria has a low reported energy consumption forNigeria Senegal Source: BUENAS 2008 and IEA for Industry Module 2: Unit Energy

  14. The education of women in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quintanilla, Linda Jean

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , villages, and cities. Nor was this region attrac- tive to Western powers, and so it escaped Western colonial- ism. Some areas were eventually occupied, however. These were the western provinces, and the al-Hasa, in the east, both of which were dominated..., and domestic science. (14) The Period of the Early 1900's Beginning in the early 1900's, education in Arabia started to change rapidly. At that time, the Ottomans, who controlled the Higaz, in western Arabia, and the al-Hasa in the eas t, decided...

  15. Pool Party TheELIWeekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

  16. Institutional relationships and organizational change : lessons from a prominent African NGO in Dakar, Senegal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Alexa E. (Alexa Edwards)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The November, 2007, street vendor riots in Dakar, Senegal, were one of the country's most powerful expressions of political and economic disintegration in recent times. Almost equally striking was the absence from these ...

  17. area saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Saudi Arabia Hotel Industry CiteSeer Summary: Abstract The costs of resources and impacts of waste could obviously affect the revenue, public image and environmental...

  18. arabia syrian arab: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contribution towards a sustainable energy future. This paper presents a set of renewable energy scenarios for the currently oil-rich Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. These scenarios have...

  19. NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Myers, Daryl R. [NREL; Al-Abbadi, Naif [King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite; Wilcox, Steve [NREL

    Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

  20. Energy assessment of Ivory Coast, Morocco, Nigeria, and Senegal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghirardi, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goering, P.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is an overview of the energy market in four West African countries: The Ivory Coast, Morocco, Nigeria, and Senegal. We feel these countries are representative of the West African region. Together they account for 75% of the total energy use in West Africa, 78% of GDP, and 76% of population. The purpose of the study is to analyze the evolution of energy demand in the context of the general socio-economic background of the region. The study also examines energy supply and trade related to the energy sector. The analysis focuses on the study of commercial fuels. Although we have reviewed studies of wood, solar, wind, and agricultural residues, we leave out detailed discussions of these non-commercial energy forms. The first part of the report is an assessment of the trends in energy demand in the four study countries. We discuss the main factors driving energy demand sector by sector. This is followed by a review of the primary energy resources of the countries, and of the capacity for production of secondary fuels. The last section looks at energy trade, with particular emphasis on the role of the United States.

  1. Geophysical limitations on the erosion history within Arabia Terra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Alex J.

    The Arabia Terra region, an area of ~1 10[superscript 7] km[superscript 2] lying south of the hemispheric dichotomy boundary and centered at (25E, 5N), is a unique physiographic province with topography and crustal ...

  2. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Zaid, Ahmad Abdulaziz

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , Companies Act's provisions which describe the function, effect, scope and what they fall short of by themselves and/or within other rules forming the system of corporate governance in Saudi Arabia. In addition, there has been little to no treatment...

  3. KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    Rocks By Dr. Sidqi A. Abu-Khamsin Professor, Department of Petroleum Engineering © Copyright by Dr;1. INTRODUCTION 1.1: The nature of petroleum All chemical compounds found in nature are classified as eitherKING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Basic Properties of Reservoir

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia sudan syrian Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    South Persian Gulf, south Arabia and Sinai along... , falls within that of the Sinai population. In Sudan, breeding was recorded from June to September (Snow Source: Nathan,...

  5. Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia Shahid Azam Saudi Arabia. Mineralogical evolution and engineering behaviour of such soils are governed by local investigations, this paper discusses the influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of expansive clay

  6. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  7. The World Bank's Participatory Development Approach in the Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) Paper for the Republic of Senegal: Rhetoric or Reality?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ndiaye, Rokhaya

    2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this thesis is to study the World Bank's participatory development process in the 2007 Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) for the Republic of Senegal. I seek to shed light on the question of whether or not the ...

  8. Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, Saudi Arabia:

  9. The meeting point : rethinking public space in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abuzeid, Reem

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Can urban intervention affect social behaviors within a city? And if so, what happens when that city is partial to cultural restrictions? The target in question here is the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dilemma is that ...

  10. Stakeholder value network analysis for the energy system of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Francisco J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Arabia is experiencing a considerable escalation in its consumption of electricity, provoked by economic progress and population increase. Such an escalation threatens the economic output of the Kingdom: more oil and ...

  11. Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

  12. Bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doha, Said Abdallah; Samy, Abdallah Mohammed

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were studied for two successive years (January 1996-December 1997) at 12 collecting stations representing six sectors of the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. The predominant species...

  13. First record of Chiasmognathus from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Hannan, Mohammed A.; Hinojosa-Dí az, Ismael A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The cleptoparasitic bee genus Chiasmognathus Engel (Nomadinae: Ammobatini) is recorded from Saudi Arabia for the first time. Chiasmognathus nearchus Engel was previously known from specimens collected in the United Arab ...

  14. Three dimensional geologic modeling of a fractured reservoir, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T.; Grover, G.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A geological assessment of a large carbonate reservoir in Saudi Arabia shows that it is a Type 2 fractured reservoir in which fractures provide the essential permeability. Intercrystalline microporosity, found within the basinally deposited mudstones and wackestones, is the dominant porosity type. Near-vertical, east-west-oriented extension fractures are preferentially localized in low-to-moderate porosities associated with stylolites. Porosity/fracture density relationships, combined with the results of structural curvature mapping, yielded a 3-dimensional model of fracture density. Fracture permeability and fracture porosity distributions were generated by integrating fracture density modeling results with average fracture aperture information derived from well test data. Dramatic differences exist between matrix- and fracture-related porosity, permeability models that help explain observed production behavior within the field. These models are being used by reservoir and simulation engineers for daily reservoir management, history matching, and long-term development drilling planning.

  15. Evidence for Early and Mid-Cryogenian glaciation in the Northern ArabianNubian Shield (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia) ROBERT J. STERN1*, PETER R. JOHNSON2, KAMAL A. ALI1,3 & SUMIT K over broad regions of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt, NW Arabia and possible correlative units diamictite and BIFs of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt and the correlative Nuwaybah diamictite and BIF

  16. Applications of the Array Induction Tool in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zainalabedin, K.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Cao Minh, C.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since its introduction in Saudi Arabia in 1993, the Array Induction Tool (AIT) has been run extensively in a wide variety of petrophysical environments. These include fresh mud, salty mud, high and low resistivity formations, hydrocarbon-bearing or water-bearing reservoirs in carbonates and clastics sequences. In some examples, the AIT was also run in conjunction with the Phasor Induction (PI) or Dual-Laterolog for comparison purpose. As with any resistivity device, the AIT`s primary product, an accurate Rt measurement, should not be overlooked. However, owing to the AIT`s multiple vertical resolutions and depths of investigation, the authors found that the tool yields additional information about the reservoirs that is not possible with older induction tools. The AIT improves the estimation of Rt in cases of thin laminations, complex invasion profiles or when the borehole correction is critical (wash-out, salty mud, high resistivity). In many instances, permeable beds that are invaded are much easier to identify with the AIT than with dual depths of investigation induction or laterolog tools. a typical case is the interpretation of annulus. Finally, they show the AIT characteristic response in a thing magnetic marker.

  17. Evolution of gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Showail, A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The beginning of the natural gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia is traced back to 1959 when Aramco embarked on a program to recover natural gas liquids (NGL) for export from low pressure gases such as stabilizer overhead, spheroid, tank farm, and refinery off-gases. The processing scheme involves compression and refrigeration to extract C3+ raw NGL, a raw NGL gathering system, and a fractionation plant to separate propane, butane, and natural gasoline. NGL extracted in Abqaiq and Ras Tanura is moved to Ras Tanura for fractionation, storage, and export. The system, built in several increments, has total design capacity of 500 MMscfd of feed gases to produce 320,000 bpd of NGL composed of 40% propane, 30% butane, and 30% natural gasoline. Phase II of the Saudi gas program envisages collection and processing of associated gas produced with Arabian medium and heavy crude oils largely in the northern onshore and offshore fields. Further domestic development may focus on more diversification in gas product utilization and on upgrading to higher value products.

  18. Gas sweetening in Saudi Arabia in large dga plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huval, M.; Van De Venne, H.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors are concerned with the natural gas conditioning by using sweetening agent, diglycolamine or DGA, a trademark name for 2-(2-amino-ethoxy) ethanol or 2-2 hydroxy-ethylamine. This paper describes the use of DGA in Saudi Arabia, where Aramco has several DGA plants to treat large amounts of low pressure associated gas to 1/4 grain gas pipeline specification. The paper also describes the reasons why DGA was selected, some of the special features of these plants and the operating experiences to date. It is demonstrated that DGA is a very potent gas sweetening agent. Sour gases with H/sub 2/S concentrations ranging from 3-8% and with CO/sub 2/ concentrations ranging from 8-14% can be treated in a single contactor with 21 trays producing sweet gas containing 1-2 ppm H/sub 2/S and less than 100 ppm CO/sub 2/. Recommendations for practice are included.

  19. Stratigraphy and sedimentation of the Unayzah reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senalp, M.; Abdulaziz, A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant reserves of Arabian super light oil, condensate, and associated gas occur in the various genetically different sandstone bodies of the upper Permian Unayzah and Khuff Formations in Central Saudi Arabia. The Unayzah Formation which rests unconformably on the older formations is composed of red colored, poorly sorted conglomerate, sandstone, siltstone, mudstone, caliche and nodular anhydrite. Facies changes occur due to the presence of various subenvironments and possible faulting and structural growth in the basin during deposition. However, the entire Unayzah Formation shows an overall fining and thinning-upward sequence. It was deposited as coalescing alluvial fans dominated by braided streams which graded into meandering stream and playa lakes under and to semi-arid conditions. Eolian processes were also inferred. A marked unconformity which is indicated by the occurrence of thick caliche and soil horizons separate the Unayzah and the overlying Khuff Formation. The Khuff Formation consists primarily of marine shale, marl, and fine- to very coarse-grained sandstones in the lower parts; shale, limestone, dolomite, and amhydrite in the upper parts. The sandstones were deposited as incised channel fills and their associated low stand deltaic sediments as a result of fluctuating sea level during the deposition of the Khuff Formation. The base of the incised channels represent a sequence boundary. Red colored and rooted paleosols were formed on the underlying marine sediments. During relative sea level rise, good quality reservoir sands were deposited by aggradation within the incised channels. Sand deposition within the channels terminated at the same time, and the area was covered by shallow marine limestones, shales and marls during maximum sea level highstand. Although the Unayzah reservoir occurs in both the Unayzah and the Khuff Formations because of their different geometry, continuity, and reservoir quality, they have been studied separately.

  20. 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30 COLLEGES (STUDENTS) ACADEMIC LEVELS France 10 57 Oman 1 TOTAL 1283 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 25 Ghana 5 59 Palestine 1 26 Greece 2 60 Panama

  1. From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    (Brazil, Russia, India and China) will end U.S. supremacy in the dollar based oil market? Lastly, weFrom Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts Dr. Tom O'Donnell Friday, 12:00 2:48 PM Room 125, Mendenhall Laboratory

  2. Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    . Introduction The environments of hot deserts can include periods of high ambient air temperature (Ta479 Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ru¨ppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia Joseph B. Williams1 and total evaporative water loss (TEWL), parameters mea- sured in the laboratory, and a reduced field

  3. GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

  4. Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

  5. Similarities in the Paleozoic successions of north Africa and Arabia and implications for petroleum exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark-Lowes, D.D. (Scott Pickford and Associates Ltd., Surrey (England))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From field studies in southwest Libya and northwest Saudi Arabia, the facies of the Paleozoic succession of the north African/Arabian stable cratonic margin of Gondwanaland are interpreted as fluvial, estuarine, deltaic, shallow marine, and glacial deposits. The facies of the Saq and Tabuk Formations of Saudi Arabia bear witness to a sedimentary history that is very similar to that of north Africa, the Saq Formation (Cambrian-Arenig) being equivalent to the Hassaouna Formation of Libya and the Tabuk Formation being subdivided and correlated using well-dated shale members to the following formations: Haouaz (Llanvirn-Llandeilo), Melez-Chograne (Caradoc), Memouniat (Ashgill), Tanezzuft/Acacus (Llandovery-Ludlow), and Tadrart (Gedinnian -Emsian). The Cambrian-Ordovician succession comprises Nubian-type fluvial and estuarine sandstones which pass up to regressive deltaic/shallow marine sequences overlain by Upper Ordovician glacial deposits that lie in deeply incised paleovalleys recorded from Saudi Arabia and north Africa. The Silurian succession comprises the deposits of a postglacial marine transgression of vast lateral extent and a subsequent regression, the sandstones of which are markedly diachronous. The Lower Devonian succession comprises fining-upward retrogradational deltaic (transgressive) sequences of Nubian-type sandstones (fluvial to shallow marine) which form widespread blanket sandstone bodies. The prospectivity of these strata is well known from Algeria in the west to Jordan in the east, the Llandoverian oil-prone source rocks providing the key to Cambrian-Ordovician and Lower Devonian plays. The significance of underlying paleovalley-fill fluvioglacial sandstones as linear reservoir targets has yet to be fully appreciated.

  6. Oil and diplomacy: the evolution of American foreign policy in Saudi Arabia, 1933-1945

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casillas, R.J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the transformation of American foreign policy in Saudi Arabia between the years 1933 and 1945. At the beginning of this period American-Saudi relations were negligible. However, by the end of World War II in 1945, American policy-makers had concluded that the Saudi Kingdom was a nation vital to America's long-term economic and strategic interests. This remarkable official about face was the result of several factors including the potential of Saudi Arabian oilfields, the shifting priorities of Washington policy-makers and the lobbying efforts of a Saudi-based American commercial concern, the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO). ARAMCO entered Saudi Arabia in 1933. As the only all-American oil concession in the Middle East they feared European, especially British, interference in their operations. To forestall this possibility, real or imagined, the oilmen turned to Washington for help. Although official assistance was not immediately forthcoming, ARAMCO did find support in the Near Eastern Affairs Division (NEA) of the Department of State.

  7. DISTRIBUTION OF HYDRATED SULFATES ACROSS ARABIA TERRA USING CRISM DATA: IMPLICATIONS FOR MARTIAN HYDROLOGY. S. M. Wiseman1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University, Saint Louis, MO. Introduction: Hydrologic modeling relevant to late Noachian through Hesperian conditions on Mars predicts that Arabia Terra was a region of enhanced groundwater upwelling that resulted topography (Fig. 1). The most well preserved deposit explained by the Andrews-Hanna hydrologic model

  8. The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

  9. Seychelles: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAir JumpCaliforniaGroup

  10. *Corresponding authors: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel: + 96638602305 (O), Fax: +966386

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Kingdom; King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Copyright 2013, Society

  11. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  12. Aramco, the United States, and Saudi Arabia: a study of the dynamics of Foreign Oil Policy, 1933-1950

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, I.H.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A US oil policy towrad Saudi Arabia began emerging as the US moved from a net exporter of petroleum in the 1940s and as the US government realized that Saudi Arabia's vast reserves were under concession to an American Oil Company, Aramco. Anderson reconstructs the years between 1933 and 1950 and provides a case study of the evolution of US foreign oil policy and the complex relationships between the US government and the business world. He draws on diplomatic materials and corporate documents as well as interviews with former corporate and government officials to show that a de facto coalition of government agencies and oil companies had coalesced around the rapid development of Saudi oil by 1950. The policy grew out of a long series of confrontations among competing government agencies and domestic interest groups that finally produced a consensus and left policy implementation in the hands of private enterprise, setting the stage for the events to follow. 251 references, 9 tables.

  13. Origin and migration of hydrocarbons in the Paleozoic system of Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franz, U.A. (Mobil Exploration and Producing Services, Dallas, TX (United States))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is a progress report on geochemical studies of the sub-Khuff Paleozoic rocks in Saudi Arabia, summarizing current laboratory results from both Saudi Aramco and American companies and their preliminary interpretations. From oil/oil and oil/rock correlations as well as maturity modeling, it may be concluded that sweet sub-Khuff oils, condensates, and gases are closely related to each other, and are derived from a common source: the hot shales of the basal Qusaiba Formation (Lower Silurian). The hydrocarbons that have been discovered in the Hawtah trend must have migrated updip from the presently overmature Rub-Al-Khali depocenter, where oil generation was initiated as early as 160 Ma. The oil window in the Rub-Al-Khali embayment, where active oil and condensate generation is taking place at present, is at depths between approximately 10,000 and 14,000 ft. Oil accumulation housed at depths more than approximately 14,000 {plus minus} 500 ft are being cracked into gas and condensate depending on variations in the generally low geothermal gradients of 1.5 {plus minus} 0.1F/100 ft. The residue of this natural refinery process is pyrobitumen, or deal oil, that is a pore plugging agent in many reservoirs at these depths. All products have very low-sulfur kerogen. The economic impact of these findings is very significant.

  14. Depositional environments, lithofacies types, and reservoir development of the Permian Khuff Formation in Eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Jallal, I.A. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Later Permian carbonates and evaporites of the Khuff Formation contain considerable amounts of gas in Ghawar field, eastern Saudi Arabia. Sedimentary structures, textures, and grain types were used to interpret the depositional environments and to define the different lithofacies types which determine the original reservoir face is distribution within this 1,500-ft-thick formation. There are three major depositional environments: subtidal, intertidal, and sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha islands, and sabkha pans. Tidal flooding and storms are represented. These environments represent four major transgressive-regressive cycles, which conform to four Khuff units: Khuff A, B, C and D (from youngest to oldest). Transgressive phases (subtidal), with lithofacies of grainstones and horizontally burrowed mudstones usually comprise the reservoir facies. The regressive phases (intertidal and sabkha) with lithofacies of anhydritic mudstones and anhydrites, usually seal the Khuff reservoirs. Later disappearance of reservoir facies are due to deposition or diagenesis. Depositionally, the lateral change in facies may occur, for example, from a non-reservoir anhydrite and mudstone facies to a reservoir grainstone facies, or from a non-reservoir anhydritic mudstones to a reservoir burrowed-mudstone facies. Diagenetically, ooid grainstones may be greatly cemented by anhydrite. A combination of dolomitization and leaching may create intercrystalline porosity in mudstone. Leaching creates poorly connected moldic porosity in grainstones because the resulting calcite cement plugs the interparticle porosity.

  15. Geologic constraints to fluid flow in the Jurassic Arab D reservoir, eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laing, J.E. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A giant oil field located in eastern Saudi Arabia has produced several billion barrels of 37{degree} API oil from fewer than 100 wells. The Upper Jurassic Arab Formation is the main producing unit, and is made up of a series of upward-shoaling carbonate and anhydrite members. Porous carbonates of the Arab D member make up the principle oil reservoir, and overlying Arab D anhydrite provides the seal. Principal reservoir facies are stromatoporoid-coral and skeletal grainstones. Reservoir drive is currently provided by flank water injection. Despite more than 30 years of flank water injection (1.5 billion bbl) into the northern area of the field, a thick oil column remains in the Arab D reservoir. Geological factors which affect fluid flow in this area are (1) a downdip facies change from permeable skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone to less permeable micritic limestone, (2) vertical permeability barriers resulting from shoaling-upward cycles, (3) a downdip tar mat, (4) dolomite along the flanks in the upper portion of the reservoir, (5) highly permeable intervals within the skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone, and (6) an updip, north to south facies change from predominantly stromatoporoid-coral grainstone to skeletal grainstone. These factors are considered in reservoir modeling, simulation studies, and planning locations for both water injection and producer wells.

  16. Unayzah Formation: a new Permian-Carboniferous unit in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Laboun, A.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sandstones, shales, and thin beds of argillaceous limestone previously included as the basal part of the Permian Khuff Formation were described as the Unayzah Formation by al-Laboun in 1982 and 1986. The type locality (stratotype.) of this formation is in the town of Unayzah, and a reference section was established in the Qusayba area, al-Qasim district, Saudi Arabia. Fossil flora collected from outcrops and palynomorphs obtained from boreholes support a Late Carboniferous-Early Permian age for these strata. The Unayzah Formation is conformably overlain by the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation, whereas its basal contact is marked by a regional angular unconformity with various older units. The Unayzah Formation is widespread in the Greater Arabian basin. The formation represents cyclic transgressive and regressive deposits preceding the Permian regional marine transgression, during which the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation were deposited. This Permian transgression marked a major change in the Sedimentation and evolution of the Greater Arabian basin. The porous sandstones of the Unayzah Formation are important exploration targets because several fields in the eastern and southeastern parts of the Greater Arabian basin produce hydrocarbons from the Unayzah. 11 figures, 1 table.

  17. The status and prospective of environmental radiation monitoring stations in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S. [National Center for Radiation Protection, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, 11442 Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Holzheimer, Clous [ENVINET GmbH, Environmental Radiation Detection, Hans-Pinsel-Strae 4, 85540 Haar (Munich) (Germany)

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of nuclear technology requires an environmental monitoring program to ensure the safety of the environment, and to protect people from the hazards of radioactive materials, and nuclear accidents. Nuclear accidents are unique, for they incur effects that surpass international frontiers, and can even have a long lasting impact on Earth. Such was the case of the Chernobyl accident in the Ukraine on April 6, 1986. For that purpose, international and national efforts come together to observe for any nuclear or radioactive accident. Many states, including Saudi Arabia which oversees the operation of the National Radiation, Environmental and Early Monitoring Stations, The Radiation Monitoring Stations(RMSs) are currently scattered across 35 cities in the country,. These locations are evaluated based on various technological criteria such as border cities, cities of high population density, wind direction, etc. For new nuclear power plants hovering around, it is strongly recommended to increase the number of radiation monitoring stations to warn against any threat that may arise from a nuclear leak or accident and to improve the performance of the existing RMSs. SARA (Spectroscopic Monitoring Station for air) should be implemented due to the high sensitivity to artificial radiation, automatic isotope identification, free of maintenance, and fully independent due to solar power supply (incl. battery backup) and wireless communication (GPRS)

  18. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 360 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  19. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 361 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  20. Neo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only radically transformed our economies, but also

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hille, Sander

    affect the flow of oil revenues to a rentier state and its ability to manipulate supplies and priceNeo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only and producing countries. It has left consuming countries exposed to threats of supply disruption and price

  1. Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This work was conducted to help understand a premature and irregular water breakthrough which resulted from a waterflooding project in the increment II region of Haradh oilfield in Saudi Arabia using different geophysical methods. Oil wells cannot...

  2. A13B-0215: Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    ' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene Arabia show a color change, from white during the time of low droplet number concentration, to brown by the cloud is investigated and the changes in cloud properties are documented. Conclusions The 'brown' ice

  3. Integration of 3-D seismic data with reservoir modeling of a stratigraphically complex reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simms, S.C. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 425-km[sup 2], three-dimensional (3-D) seismic survey was shot in 1992 over one of the recently discovered oil fields in central Saudi Arabia. The primary objective of this survey was to provide stratigraphic control within a complex fluvial reservoir. The Permian age reservoir is a multistory, multilateral sequence of sandstones interbedded with nonproductive mudstones and siltstones. The seismic data were integrated with well control from over 50 wells to produce a 3-D geologic model of the reservoir. Numerous examples of the seismic and well data are presented in this case history. Stratigraphic cross sections through the wells illustrate that the complex nature of the reservoir and seismic sections through these wells show good correlation between seismic character and stratigraphy. Meandering channels and massive siltstone/mudstone bodies are clearly visible on seismic horizon slices and time slices. Faulting is evident on both seismic section at times slices. Acoustic impedance sections produced from both forward and inverse modeling of the seismic data are compared with geologic models of porosity and lithology based on well control alone. Good correlation between acoustic impedance and porosity/lithology allow the use of the seismic data to guide the model between well locations. A geostatistical approach was used to interpolate between well control using the inverted seismic as [open quotes]soft data.[close quotes] 3-D visualization of the geological model illustrates increasing complexity from well control only to an integrated model.

  4. Potential petroleum source rock deposition in the middle Cretaceous Wasia Formation, Rub'Al Khali, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newell, K.D.; Hennington, R.D.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stratigraphic correlation and regional geochemical sampling in the Rub'Al Khali (The Empty Quarter) of Saudi Arabia indicate at least two potential petroleum source rock units occur in the middle Cretaceous Wasia Formation. These two sequences, informally named the Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif, are dominated by oil-prone amorphous (Type II) organic matter, in places in excess of 10 weight percent organic carbon. Both units are fine-grained pelagic lime mudstones which were probably deposited in relatively quiet anoxic waters of large intraplatform embayments or basins. The Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif reflect strong marine transgressions on the Arabian craton in Albian to Cenomanian and Cenomanian to Turonian time, respectively. Regressive-phase sedimentary rocks overlying these two transgressive organic-rock phases are generally poor in organic carbon despite being deposited, in part, in similar forereef open-marine depositional settings. The sealevel high-stands associated with the Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif are partly synchronous with two recently described ''oceanic anoxic events'' respectively occurring in late Barremian to late Albian time and late Cenomanian to early Turonian time. Although there is a credible time correlation of these organic-rock units with oceanic anoxic events, their connection to oceanic anoxic events could be strengthened if they could be traced out to the vicinity of the middle Cretaceous continental margin.

  5. A depositional model in the Arabian Intrashelf basin: The Upper Jurassic Hanifa reservoir of Abqaiq field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D.L. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abqaiq field is a northeast-trending anticline approximately 60 km long and 12 km wide and contains several reservoirs. The 100 m thick Hanifa Reservoir interval consists of interlayered peloidal packstone and wackestone with subordinate dolomite and anhydrite. During an Upper Jurassic relative sea level lowstand, paleotopography within the Arabian Intrashelf basin localized fine-grained packstone into isolated mounds over the Abqaiq South Dome area, while muddier facies were being deposited over the North Nose. The Abqaiq Hanifa carbonate mound was zoned using sequence stratigraphy as a conceptual framework to ensure that chronostratigraphic relationships were honored, and that the subsequent computer model would therefore accurately reflect spatial porosity continuity within the reservoir. The Hanifa Reservoir was subdivided into five widely correlative zones that approximate separate parasequences, each beginning with tight mudstone-wackestone and grading upward into porous wackestone-packstone. Sequence stratigraphy interpretations are based on regional wireline log correlations combined with core descriptions and show the Abqaiq Hanifa to be time equivalent to only the upper few meters of the Hanifa Reservoir in fields to the north. In addition to reservoir modeling utility, these two general intrashelf basin settings have potential for stratigraphic traps. Wherever reservoir-quality rock can be found, proximity to the Hanifa/Hadriya source rocks-the source for much of Saudi Arabia's vast reserves-makes the Hanifa a favorable exploration target.

  6. Computers and literacy in Senegal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylla, Fatimata Seye

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis reports two exploratory studies on the use of compute:-s in education in a third world context. One study looks at elementary school children in Dakar in order to elucidate a set of research questions such as ...

  7. Geochemical analysis of reservoir continuity and connectivity, Arab-D and Hanifa Reservoirs, Abqaiq Field, Saudia Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahdi, A.A.; Grover, G. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Hwang, R. [Chevron Petroleum Technology Co., La Habra, CA (United States)] [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic geochemistry and its integration with geologic and reservoir engineering data is becoming increasingly utilized to assist geologists and petroleum engineers in solving production related problems. In Abqaiq Field of eastern Saudi Arabia, gas chromatographic analysis (FSCOT) of produced oils from the Arab-D and Hanifa reservoirs was used to evaluate vertical and lateral continuity within and between these reservoirs. Bulk and molecular properties of produced Arab-D oils do not vary significantly over the 70 km length and 10 km width of the reservoir. Hanifa oils, however, do reflect two compositionally distinct populations that are hot in lateral communication, compatible with the occurrence of a large oil pool in the southern part of the field, and a separate, and smaller northern accumulation. The Arab-D and underlying Hanifa oil pools are separated by over 450 feet of impermeable carbonates of the Jubaila Formation, yet the Southern Hanifa pool and the Arab-D have been in pressure communication since onset of Hanifa production in 1954. Recent borehole imaging and core data from horizontal Hanifa wells confirmed the long suspected occurrence of fractures responsible for fluid transmissibility within the porous (up to 35%) but tight (<10md matrix K) Hanifa reservoir, and between the Hanifa and Arab-D. The nearly identical hydrocarbon composition of oils from the Arab-D and southern Hanifa pool provided the final confirmation of fluid communication between the two reservoirs, and extension of a Hanifa fracture-fault network via the Jubaila Formation. This work lead to acquisition of 3-D seismic to image and map the fracture-fault system. The molecular fingerprinting approach demonstrated that produced oils can be used to evaluate vertical and lateral reservoir continuity, and at Abqaiq Field confirmed, in part, the need to produce the Hanifa reservoir via horizontal wells to arrest the reservoir communication that occurs with existing vertical wells.

  8. MS Degree in Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, April 2006. Grade Point Average 3.34/4.00. MS Thesis on "The Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, John M.

    /Lab Engineer, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates May 2006 June 2012: Core Analysis Engineer, Research Institute, Center for Petroleum and Minerals, KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia February for the Petroleum Institute in Abu Dhabi In depth knowledge and practical experience of reservoir rock properties

  9. The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buzakuk, M.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

  10. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  11. Senegal-ENDA Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°,Schnell ZTools

  12. Senegal: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°,Schnell ZToolsSupply of Domestic Fuel

  13. Paleoproterozoic evolution of Senegal in the Birimian Framework Herv THEVENIAUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    deposits among which carbonate formations have been found. The upper part of this Group is characterized plutons. It is characterized as a syntectonic magmatic pulse generated in a tectonic context dominated International Geological Congress, Brisbane : Australia (2012)" #12;

  14. www.deafrica.net Botswana Ghana Mali Senegal Tanzania Zambia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that they achieve maximum impact. #12;5 Why assess impacts from energy interventions? World Bank: Clean energy change Increasing energy access in Sub-Saharan Africa Annual investment needed: $4 billion Current funding: $2 billion Investment gap: $2 billion Even if funding for energy investments raised

  15. arabic acacia senegal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Algeria. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??This study analyses renewable energy policy in hydrocarbons-wealthy Arab states. Integrating elements of energy policy...

  16. arab republic senegal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    renewable energy policy in hydrocarbons-wealthy Arab states. Integrating elements of energy policy analysis, Middle Eastern studies and sociotechnical governance theory, the...

  17. Senegal-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpen Energy

  18. Senegal-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAir JumpCalifornia |Semikron JumpSenate Jump

  19. Senegal-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAir JumpCalifornia |Semikron JumpSenate

  20. Saudi Arabia: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco), the only operator in the country, that has accelerated its production expansion program aimed at boosting capacity from the current 8.5 million bpd to 10 million bpd. Initially expected to be completed by 1999, it now appears a sustainable 10 million bpd rate may be attainable by 1996. By this time next year, at least nine major onshore projects will have been started as well as five offshore. Included will be development of Hawtah, the initial oil discovery in the Central province south of Riyadh. The program also means significantly increased drilling. In fact, 1991 completions should easily double those of last year.

  1. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Solar Radiation Atlas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL

    1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This atlas provides a record of monthly mean solar radiation generated by a Climatological Solar Radiation model, using quasi-climatological inputs of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, ozone, surface albedo, and atmospheric pressure.

  2. Saudi arabia to inject funds into ITFC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "Saudi Arabian will infuse the Islamic Trade Financing Corporation (ITFC) with SR112.5 million ($30 million). The money will come from the General Investment fund." (1 page)

  3. Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°, -122.0230146° Show MapSasolSatlujSaudi

  4. Adventures in Infectious Diseases

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Fisher-Hoch, Susan [University of Texas School of Public Health

    2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Dr. Susan Fisher-Hoch, Virologist and Epidemiologist, will discuss her research and travels associated with viral hemorrhagic fevers. From the Ebola outbreak in Reston, Virginia to outbreaks of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in South Africa, Senegal, and Saudi Arabia, Dr. Fisher-Hoch has studied and tracked the pathophysiology of these viral diseases. These studies have led her from the Center for Disease Control in the United States, to Lyon, France where she was instrumental in designing, constructing, and rendering operational a laboratory capable of containing some of the world's most dangerous diseases.

  5. Gas custody measurement accuracy improved in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, I. (Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    To comply with new and more accurate gas measurement standards, Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) modified software for existing flow computers and installed an on-line gas chromatograph for measuring natural gas and ethane-rich gas sales. For gases of varying composition (e.g., ethane-rich gas), a knowledge of the pressure, volume, and temperature (PVT) relationship is required for determining supercompressibility factors. The BWR-Starling equation of state was determined to best represent ethane-rich gas properties and is programmed in the new flow computers. The paper discusses gas sales, previous installations, previous calculations, revised calculations, application to ethane-rich gas, the orifice-flow constant, and field modifications of computers.

  6. version 25Apr11b From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Blogs: 1. Global Fracking http://globalfracking.blogspot.com/ 2. Middle East and North African Oil http

  7. arabia region mars: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mars has surely been scrutinised since the dawn of humankind. In the 16th century Tycho Brahe made accurate observations of the position of Mars that enabled Johannes...

  8. arabia terra mars: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mars has surely been scrutinised since the dawn of humankind. In the 16th century Tycho Brahe made accurate observations of the position of Mars that enabled Johannes...

  9. abha saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  10. arabia environmental legacy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    17 WEEK 12 (1112) None Paper 2 Peer Reviews (in class) Environmental Issues (1114) Fracking (Movie Spirtes, Peter 464 SUSTAINABILITY Environmental, Cultural, Environmental...

  11. arabia saudi biological: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  12. arabia terra implications: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    landfill waste slide, a 300,000 cubic yard landfill failure involving a geosynthetic clay liner, and a 100Landfill Instability and Its Implications for Operation, Construction,...

  13. Support for court-yard houses : Riyad, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbar, Jamel A

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to explore the application of the support concept in the Saudi Arabian context, as a result of the author's interest in the concept of user participation. To do so, the following steps were ...

  14. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015ParentsMiddle School (6-8)Need for a SecondInvestments | Department

  15. Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - TProcuringDepartment of Energy Energy Secretary Chu's

  16. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to: navigation, search Name:Riverway

  17. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergy OffshoreDeveloper - Q & A Home

  18. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,Zaleski - Policy Advisor, EnergyA look atTransfersin

  19. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    V. , 2007. Future Air Conditioning Energy Consumption inCommercial Industry Air Conditioning Cooking Fans Lighting90% of the country air conditioning (AC) consumption 4 . We

  20. Local and national electricity planning in Senegal: Scenarios and policies Aly Sanoh a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modi, Vijay

    sources in this region, electrification rates remain low. Rural electrification rates of around 15 for electrification remain the only approaches, expansion of access to new areas will be very slow. Rural areas Policy, 514 W 113th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA c Agence Sngalaise D'Electricit Rurale, Ex Camp

  1. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    model that calculates energy demand at the technology levelcalculated by comparing energy demand in the Business-As-4 We calculate final energy demand according to unit energy

  2. Senegal-Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpen

  3. Senegal-GTZ Programme to Promote Rural Electrification and a Sustainable

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°,Schnell ZToolsSupply of Domestic Fuel |

  4. Senegal-UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAir JumpCalifornia |Semikron

  5. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering -Graduate Post Graduate Activities Detail & History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    Saudi Aramco* Process Engineer Dhahran SAUDI ARABIA MENG Saudi Aramco* Engineer Dhahran SAUDI ARABIA MS

  6. Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meininger, Aaron G.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi ArabiaJordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi Arabia

  7. Understanding the Link between Tenure and Services for the Peri-Urban Poor: Case Studies from Senegal and India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranganathan, Malini

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    al 2003). However, rural electrification has received muchto the creation of a separate rural electrification agency.electrification stems from the conviction that this growing group risks falling through the rural-

  8. ( IRD / C. Costantini) Ngor en Senegal. El fin de un paradigma cientfico sobre los efectos del cambio climtico? El calen-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cambio climtico? El calen- tamiento global no intensifica la subida de las aguas profundas fras pensaban que el calentamiento climtico reforzaba los vientos ali- sios que, a su vez, provocaban estos del cambio global en los ecosistemas denominados de upwelling es esencial para prever el futuro de

  9. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    will save many producing wells from dying prematurely and save millions of dollars in produced water

  10. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    parameters like initial mud weight used for drilling, mud weight increment and problems per well were used for drilling horizontal wells. These parameters were used first on the drilling data of vertical wells. The developed procedure was then applied to the drilling data of directional wells to show the dependence of mud

  11. Construction management and its application to the delivery of the Lamar Towers in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassouf, Ronald Elie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Construction Management (CM) is becoming the delivery method of choice for constructing complicated projects. Previously, the most common method to employ was the General Contracting method, where the contractor and designer ...

  12. Lean Production Using Modular Construction: Study of the Ministry of Education's Projects in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alshayeb, Mohammed Jawad

    2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ordering, overproduction, wrong storage, wrong handling, manufacturing defects, and theft or vandalism (Garas, Anis, and El Gammal 2001). Alshayeb 13"" 2.2.1 Waste of Materials Material waste is a huge area of waste in construction. Bossink...

  13. Societal and technical issues in the industrial development of Saudi Arabia and Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundukulam, Vibin A. (Vibin Anto)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustained industrial development in developing nations has been an impetus for economic growth and technological advancements for the past several decades, in addition to being a major contributor to poverty reduction. ...

  14. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Comparisons of over 5000 fractures identified from core and borehole image data with open-hole log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. The effect of structural curvature on fracture intensity in the reservoir was estimated by mapping the derivative of structural dip. Incorporation of structural curvature explained variations in well test behavior not predicted by initial estimates of fracture density from porosity alone. Resultant fracture permeabilities compared favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix-related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (>50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  15. Renewable success : development of good architecture in the case of Arriyadh Development Authority, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhabbaz, Mohammed H

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ArRiyadh Development Authority (ADA) is an unusual city development authority within the Saudi Arabian government hierarchy. Part of its responsibilities is coordinating and overseeing the design and building of buildings ...

  16. DGA proves out as a low pressure gas sweetener in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huval, M.; van de Venne, H.

    1981-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Aramco is successfully using diglycolamine (DGA) to treat low-pressure associated sour gases to 1/4 gr H/sub 2/S/100 SCF specifications. The DGA process meets the design criteria of (1) handling high acid-gas-content (up to 15%) feed gases, (2) sweetening at high temperatures (120/sup 0/-140/sup 0/F) and low pressures (120-180 psig), (3) removing both H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/ in a single step and (4) providing a Claus-plant feed suitable for the production of bright-yellow (rather than black) sulfur.

  17. A continental clastic depositional model for the Permian Unayzah formation, Hawtah field, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Permian Unayzah Formation lies unconformably on the Silurian Qusaiba Member of the Qalibah Formation. The pre-Unayzah unconformity (PUU) represents a Hercynian tectonic event responsible for uplift and erosion representing 100-150 m.y. worth of missing section along the Hawtah Trend. Overlying the PUU, the Unayzah clastic sequence is comprised of locally sourced sediments from the adjacent paleotopography. Above the thin veneer of locally sourced sediments is a more regionally sourced, confined braided stream sequence, which completely backfills the existing paleotopography. Once the paleotopographic surface had been leveled, the depositional environment changed from a confined braided stream to a broad braided plain. Within this sequence of vertically stacked and laterally migrating braided plain sediments, the bulk of the reservoirs within the Hawtah field are contained. As the transgressive Khuff seas continue to encroach on the Unayzah depositional system, the upper-most sediments of the broad braided plan environment are reworked by transgressive coastal processes. The resulting reworked shoreface and shallow-marine facies are genetically related to the Khuff transgression and lie unconformably on the Unayzah continental clastics.

  18. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Comparisons of over 5000 fractures identified from core and borehole image data with open-hole log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. The effect of structural curvature on fracture intensity in the reservoir was estimated by mapping the derivative of structural dip. Incorporation of structural curvature explained variations in well test behavior not predicted by initial estimates of fracture density from porosity alone. Resultant fracture permeabilities compared favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix-related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (>50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  19. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Integration of borehole imaging data with available open-hole log, core, and well-test data from horizontal and vertical wells allowed for the distribution of fracture parameters, including fracture density, aperture, porosity, and permeability throughout a geocellular model. Analysis of over 5000 fractures showed that changes in lithology, grain size, and/or bed thickness do not correlate with changes in fracture densities. Review of P- and S-wave log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. Fracture permeabilities compare favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix- related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (ER 50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  20. Indirect fracture delineation in a carbonate reservoir: The Upper Jurassic Hanifa of Abqaiq field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D.L. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abqaiq field is a northeast-trending anticline approximately 60 km long and 12 km wide and contains several reservoirs. The Hanifa Reservoir is approximately 100 m thick and consists of fine-grained, muddy limestone with subordinate dolomite and anhydrite. Since discovery of the Hanifa oil pool in 1947, pressure fluctuations have indicated communication with the overlying Arab-D Reservoir. Welltest permeability measurements are approximately 40 times higher than core permeability measurements of the Hanifa. This divergence of Hanifa permeability measurements combined with the indicated Arab-D communication suggests the presence of a natural fracture network. Direct observations of Hanifa cores reveal common, sub-vertical fractures with average apertures <200 microns. With limited core coverage and no oriented cores, a new technique was needed to delineate the areas affected by fractures. A technique combining indirect fracture indicators was devised for Abqaiq field and can be applied to other, similar fields. The actual flow system of the Abqaiq Hanifa is a complex interaction between matrix porosity/permeability and fracture permeability or enhanced permeability. Future development plans allow for low matrix permeability access to much of the Hanifa storage space and high fracture permeability both within the Hanifa and connecting to the Arab-D Reservoir.

  1. Application of Surrogate Reservoir Model (SRM) to an Onshore Green Field in Saudi Arabia; Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Aramco, Razi Gaskari and Mohammad Maysami, Intelligent Solutions, Inc. and Olugbenga A. Olukoko, Saudi Aramco Copyright 2012, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared for presentation field using Saudi Aramco's in-house POWERSTM simulator. The geological model that serves

  2. The Effects of the Fiscal Policy on Economic Activity in Saudi Arabia: An Empirical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkahtani, Kablan Jadia

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The fiscal policy has been studied extensively, but only as a one shot deal and with emphasis on developed economies. The study of fiscal policy as a trajectory and of its consequences, also, as trajectory has been pioneered ...

  3. ENROLLED WSU INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Albania 1 35 Jamaica 2 69 Saudi Arabia 75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Republic 1 53 New Zealand 2 87 United Arab Emirates 6 20 Dominican Republic 3 54 Nigeria 5 88 United

  4. In search of a direction in the contemporary architecture of Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Sikander I

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a new breed of contemporary buildings evolving in the Middle East that incorporates all the pragmatic functions of the 20th century, but, at the same time, attempts to capture the spirit of the indigenous architecture ...

  5. Early Mars hydrology: Meridiani playa deposits and the sedimentary record of Arabia Terra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews-Hanna, Jeffrey C.

    The Meridiani Planum region of Mars has been identified as a region of past aqueous activity by a combination of orbital and in situ observations that revealed evidence for sulfate-rich dirty evaporites formed in a playa ...

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    proportional to carbon emissions. Human Development Index (GDPcapita, education level, health care, etc.) vs. Electricity Use United States U.S. must reduce carbon emissions by...

  7. Paleocene and Lower Eocene Ostracoda from the Umm er Radhuma Formation of Suadi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

    1983-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    53'24" E. to lat 27 0 59' N., long 452748" E.). The rate of deposition was greater to the north of the reference sec- tion, shown by the thickness in Safaniya W-3. The upper contact of the Umm er Rad- 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological... ContributionsPaper 107 Table 1. Thicknesses (in feet) of the Umm er Radhuma Formation based on Well Measurements. Well Lat. Long. Thick-ness ST-23 2336' 5117' 1,105 S-I132 2344' 4853' 1,130 G. Uthmaniyah VV-4 25113' 4900' 880 S-710 VVVV 2513' 4821' 680...

  8. Using Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) to Resolve the Major Construction Project Delay Causes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhalid, Khalid Abdullah

    2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) has gained attention in the United States and Europe as an effective delivery method for construction projects. The aim of this research paper is to determine the major causes of delay in ...

  9. al-qassim saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  10. al-hassa saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  11. arabia al-khobar abha: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gas price levels, volatility, financial speculation in futures Blogs: 1. Global Fracking http:globalfracking.blogspot.com 2. Middle East and North African Oil http:...

  12. Industrial experience at the Arabian American Oil Company in Saudi Arabia: an internship report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akkad, Ruwaid Ahmed, 1943-

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Obser? vation Injection Sus? pended Aban? doned Drilling Total ABQAIQ 56 6(a) 4 12(b) 0 2 0 80 ABU HADRIYA 0 1 1 0 0 2 1 5 DAMMAM 27(c) 4(d) 1 0 0 10(e) 0 42 FADHILI 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 GHAWAR: A IN DAR 44 6 3 6(1) 1 1 0 61 SHEDGUM 14 1 1 0 0 1... H 3 h u66 ?-? 01 a o n * 5foOoa(aoOHooooo EkT)smbm-)TnnnunuooooO#mounnnnnCaAoobnnnnnnn6sa ( abl ?5? f0 I n 1? O 41I U 5 3 H co c ? I * *C U -D ce si ?o *H >% 3 O ?r- ** a* * a C ? 3 ? ^s *ir "u ?* ^ O O O O O O O O O O O O O o...

  13. Reservoir characteristics of the Devonian Jauf Formation in Shedgum area, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Detrital grains were classified as quartz (monocrystalline), feldspar, rock fragments (mostly polycrystalline quartz), others (includes heavy minerals, opaques, and mica), and matrix. Detrital grain compositions were then normalized to one hundred... percent. Cements were considered as the percent of the bulk composition. Mean grain size was determined from long axis measurements of 100 monocrystalline quartz grains in each thin section. The maximum grain size, and standard deviation were used...

  14. Urban dwelling environments in rapidly growing cities : case study, Unayzah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alohali, Yousef Nasser

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study is concerned with two critical issues: a) the housing situation of middle income groups; b) the use of land in new developments. A tentative planning model for urban land development and a survey of existing ...

  15. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarmsPower Co LtdTN LLC

  16. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success| DepartmentEnergyFeed Reporting

  17. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & GasTechnical PublicationsDepartmentEnergy Meeting

  18. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), OctoberMay 18-19, 2004 MeetingDepartment of

  19. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312),Microgrid Set-Top BoxSS-2 SANS SCADA Summit

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction to EnergyDepartmentOffice of Small and DisadvantagedEnergyDepartment of

  1. The Sngal 2000 Research Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diop, Momar coumba

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the first book, Le Senegal sous Abdou Diouf (Diop and Diouf.from Leopold Sedar Senghor to Abdou Diouf. The year 1987 wasat the time. Le Senegal sous Abdou Diozif identified, with

  2. RESEARCH Open Access Prevalence of molecular markers of Plasmodium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in Dakar, Senegal Nathalie Wurtz1 , Bcaye Fall2 , Aurlie Pascual1 , Silmane Diawara2 , Kowry Sow2 , Eric

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  5. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  6. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  7. OGEP 2010-161 Uncertainly Analysis of Archie's Parameters Determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia, T.M. Okasha, Aramco Co., Saudi Arabia and A.A. AlGathe, Hadhrmout

  8. afghanistan war coverage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  9. afghanistan introducing population: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  10. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rep. Costa Rica Cote dIvoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Rep.Japan Spain Switzerland Poland Croatia Maldives TurkmenistanSeychelles China Costa Rica Croatia Grenada Ireland Italy

  11. TUBERCULOSIS (TB) SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE (REQUIRED) PLEASE PRINT -This section to be completed by student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland with Tuberculosis incidence rates >20 cases per 100,000 population. Yes No #12;2 TUBERCULOSIS (TB) RISK ASSESSMENT

  12. Please answer all of the following questions: 1. Have you ever had close contact with persons known or suspected to have active TB? o Yes o No

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland,000 population. For future updates, refer to http://apps.who.int/ghodata Student Name: (Please print) College ID

  13. Student Name: ______________________________ Birthdate (MM/DD/YY): ____________ PART I SCREENING: Please answer the following questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland,000 population. For future updates, refer to http://apps.who.int/ghodata 3. Have you ever lived as a resident

  14. Insidious Island Invasion: An exploration of Falcataria moluccana stand ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnich, Amanda

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New Zealand Journal of Ecology (1997) 21:1-16. APPENDIX A:plantation forestry. Forest Ecology and Management (2006)Seychelles. Functional Ecology (2008) 22:359- Little, E.L.

  15. Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daghistani, Farouk

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    and employing an Internet / GIS participatory approach can facilitate (without conflicting with the local conservative cultural norms) womens participation in the municipal decision making process of the neighborhoods outdoor recreational facilities. The goal...

  16. Straddler-based Gender Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Case of Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Katherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of pioneering feminist reformers in the country and theof the JCCI illustrates how reformers were able to utilize aconservatives and liberal reformers. These competing social

  17. 1 Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols outflow from India and 2 Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Russell R.

    /biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion 3 S. A. Guazzotti,1 D. T. Suess,1,2 K. R. Coffee,1,3 P. K. Quinn,4 T. S with potassium 17 (indicative of combustion sources), and mass concentration of submicrometer non-sea- 18 salt Peninsula, where dominance of fossil fuel combustion is suggested by 30 results from single

  18. Sequence stratigraphic-based reservoir architecture in late Jurrassic outer-ramp carbonates, Hanifa Formation, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markello, J.R.; Stockton, M.L. (Mobile E P Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)); McGuire, M.; Al'Shammery, M.J.; Al'Amoudi M.O. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanifa Formation (135-160m tk; Kimmeridgian age), in our study area, comprises one 3rd-order, coarsening-upward, type 2 stratigraphic sequence. Sediments formed in outer ramp, ramp-margin and basinal environments defining a transition between the Rimthan Arch carbonate platform and adjacent Arabian intrashelf basin. Quantification of Hanifa reservoir architecture for simulation involved development of field-scale geologic models based on sequence stratigraphic principles. No seismic and biostratigraphic data were available. Sequence interpretations were based on regional facies and parasequence analysis from 32 cores and 142 gamma-ray/porosity logs. In the study area, the Hanifa Formation has basinward-thinning tabular geometry, and contains (1) a lower member of organic-rich muddy carbonates and (2) an upper reservoir member of thick, medium to coarse-grained skeletal packstones, skeletal peloidal grainstones, skeletal intraclast conglomerates, and stromatoporoid boundstones. The Hanifa reservoir consists of, from oldest to youngest: (1) a highstand systems tract: aggrading and prograding, sigmoidal-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of grainstrines, conglomerates and boundstones, capped by a subaqueous, type 2 sequence boundary; (2) a shelf margin wedge: prograding to aggrading, sigmoidal to tabular-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of skeletal packstones, grainstones and local boundstones showing maximum basinward progradation; and (3) a transgressive systems tract: backstepping tabular-shaped parasequences of grainstones capped by a drowning surface. All facies are interpreted to have formed in subtidal settings of water depths from 5 to 150m. No evidence was found for shoal-water bank, lagoonal or peritidal deposition or for subaerial exposure in any facies.

  19. Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields in Saudi Arabia, Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    ., Jim Liu, Saudi Aramco, Razi Gaskari, and Mohammad Maysami, Intelligent Solutions, Inc., and Olugbenga Olukoko, Saudi Aramco Copyright 2012, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared

  20. Sequence stratigraphic-based reservoir architecture in late Jurrassic outer-ramp carbonates, Hanifa Formation, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markello, J.R.; Stockton, M.L. [Mobile E & P Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); McGuire, M.; Al`Shammery, M.J.; Al`Amoudi M.O. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanifa Formation (135-160m tk; Kimmeridgian age), in our study area, comprises one 3rd-order, coarsening-upward, type 2 stratigraphic sequence. Sediments formed in outer ramp, ramp-margin and basinal environments defining a transition between the Rimthan Arch carbonate platform and adjacent Arabian intrashelf basin. Quantification of Hanifa reservoir architecture for simulation involved development of field-scale geologic models based on sequence stratigraphic principles. No seismic and biostratigraphic data were available. Sequence interpretations were based on regional facies and parasequence analysis from 32 cores and 142 gamma-ray/porosity logs. In the study area, the Hanifa Formation has basinward-thinning tabular geometry, and contains (1) a lower member of organic-rich muddy carbonates and (2) an upper reservoir member of thick, medium to coarse-grained skeletal packstones, skeletal peloidal grainstones, skeletal intraclast conglomerates, and stromatoporoid boundstones. The Hanifa reservoir consists of, from oldest to youngest: (1) a highstand systems tract: aggrading and prograding, sigmoidal-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of grainstrines, conglomerates and boundstones, capped by a subaqueous, type 2 sequence boundary; (2) a shelf margin wedge: prograding to aggrading, sigmoidal to tabular-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of skeletal packstones, grainstones and local boundstones showing maximum basinward progradation; and (3) a transgressive systems tract: backstepping tabular-shaped parasequences of grainstones capped by a drowning surface. All facies are interpreted to have formed in subtidal settings of water depths from 5 to 150m. No evidence was found for shoal-water bank, lagoonal or peritidal deposition or for subaerial exposure in any facies.

  1. LINEAR AND NON-LINEAR TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING THE MONEY DEMAND FUNCTION: THE CASE OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahafi, Mamdooh

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    aggregates). The first approach is the conventional way, which is based on empirical literature where non-oil GDP is used as a measure for income. The second approach is the consumer demand approach to money demand. This approach emphasizes the use...

  2. Straddler-based Gender Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Case of Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Katherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Globalization in the Arab Middle East: Gender, Economyand Globalization in the Arab Middle East: Gender, Economy

  3. Architectural Academic Tourism: Saudi Chronicles or Social Mobility for Women through Architectural Design and Education in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jann, Marga

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    to learn, though for many (some brides and mothers from a very early age) the experience was more an opportunity to socialize outside the home. During the (ongoing) MERS epidemic, students who had been seriously ill with fever and cough refused to get... .g. mechanical respiration) would actually go to the hospital, and with antibiotics readily available over-the-counter, people self-treated for cough, fever and/or pneumonia. Typically no one stayed home to protect others from infection unless they were truly...

  4. The large carpenter bees of central Saudi Arabia, with notes on the biology of Xylocopa sulcatipes Maa (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Xylocopinae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hannan, Mohammed A.; Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Owayss, Ayman A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    and grab females for mating. In addition to foraging at C. procera, females were observed visiting Reseda alba L. (Resedaceae) and radish [Raphanus sativus L. (Brassicaceae)]. Given that species of Xylocopa may be useful for agricultural pollination...

  5. The Effect of Mediated Glosses on Vocabulary Retention and Reading Comprehension with English Language Learners in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Ghafli, Mansour Hussain

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    audio, text, and picture glosses (M=9.72) had higher comprehension scores than the text-based group (M=8.35), F (2,218) =3.07, p<.05. Those who received the audio, text, and picture gloss (M=3.88) agreed that "Online texts are better than paper...

  6. Shear-wave splitting, lithospheric anisotropy, and mantle deformation beneath the ArabiaEurasia collision zone in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    ­Eurasia collision zone in Iran Ayoub Kaviani a,b,c , Denis Hatzfeld c, , Anne Paul c , Mohammad Tatar b , Keith Priestley d a Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran b International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c

  7. An application of cost-benefit analysis to the Al-Qateef, Saudi Arabia, water management project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thenayan, Abdullah T

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Riyadh, Qatee, , an!f i&naiza eerie into being, a tribal 12ader or a family establisl-ed some morc lf Kuie over a g oup of scattered towns but tier m no mormon:. . t s ates unt '. tne Saild1 et= w sich star ei ' 2 !liig thE' . l The citatiors ori... but not in Al-Qateef. Oasis f32, p. 24]. It is expected that some varieties of these crops will be adapted and gt! w!1 co . !Ierciol. 2;1, ' "r e mo: ' . , !od, rn ir& lf at ! On sch!'. , !P 1 s c?tie! ou" ! 32, p. 39] VaLe: . equi e. . n1s Thc s!!pply o...

  8. Sustainable Architectural Applications in the Gulf States-Post Occupancy Evaluation Case Study of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, H.; Alfalah, G.

    the technical side, this project uses Thermal Energy storage (TES) system; which is considered to be a system that depends on operating the coolers at night and storing the cold, icy water to be used during the day which helps to reduce the electrical power... the world as a result of urbanization, some evidences refer that the percentage of the building wastes resulted by the activities of building and destroying has been increased all over the world with 20% - 42% of the total of the wastes. In addition...

  9. 264 Int. J. Nanomanufacturing, Vol. 6, Nos. 1/2/3/4, 2010 Copyright 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayres, Virginia

    scholarship from the national oil company of Saudi Arabia (Saudi Aramco). His research interests include

  10. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering -Undergraduate Post Graduate Activities Detail & History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    Samsung Engineer I Austin TX Saudi Aramco Operation Engineer Dhahran Saudi ARABIA Schlumberger Field

  11. Introduction Report 21 of the Consortium project "Seismic Waves in Complex 3D Structures"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Bakulin (SaudiAramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia; SEG distinguished lec- turer), Norman Bleistein (Colorado

  12. GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 70, NO. 5 (SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2005); P. D55D64, 18 FIGS., 1 TABLE. 10.1190/1.2052468

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsvankin, Ilya

    received January 31, 2005; published online September 9, 2005. 1 Saudi Aramco, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia

  13. Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

  14. Paintball Summer Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand

  15. ernational Multi-Co s, Signals &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, India, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Romania, Saudi Arabia

  16. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  17. Halloween Birthdays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Kuwait Libya Oman Paraguay Qatar Saudi Arabia Taiwan Turkey UAE Venezuela The Weekly Newsletter

  18. Slide08 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Current Information Partners in WorldWideScience.org (cont.) Kenya Korea Lesotho Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Malawi Mauritius The Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Portugal Senegal South...

  19. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran Israel Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait KyrgyzHungary Tajikistan Romania Kazakhstan Senegal Czech RepublicBosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey Poland Belarus

  20. Hard Work, Hard Times: Global Volatility and African Subjectivities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makhulu, Anne-Maria; Buggenhagen, Beth A.; Jackson, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    risky voyage toward the Canary Islands (introduction, thisfishing vessels to the Canary Islands to participate inof origin for the Canary Island migrants were Senegal,

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - africa 2007-2009 systematic Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Political Economy (Politics 381) Spring 2005, 2007, Fall 2009... Spring 2008 Politics & Media in Africa Spring 2006 (Senegal) African Politics Fall 2005 Race & Nation... Fiscal...

  2. Dr. David Kemp Australian Minister of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooperative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program Ghana rural electrification Botswana / Senegal clean coal Southern States/Thailand sustainable industry development Southern States/Brazil clean coal power

  3. Intelligent scraping experience using ultrasonics in two 60in./56in. dual diameter 100 km seawater transmission pipelines in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, A.F.; Chu, K.S.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi ARAMCO`s two 60in./56in. (1524/1422 mm) diameter Seawater Injection Pipelines used for secondary oil recovery stretch from the Seawater Treatment Plant across the Arabian Desert for a distance of approximately 100 kilometers. Both lines were put into operation in mid 1978 using over the ditch Plicoflex tape wrap as a means of protection against external corrosion. A significant portion of both pipelines (32 km of each line) runs through Subkha (salty moist) areas. A series of test hole evaluations in 1989 indicated moderate to sever external corrosion particularly in Subkha which necessitated sleeving and external coating application. In 1991 a series of leaks, four (4) in total over a period of two (2) months occurred in Pipeline {number_sign}2 due to external corrosion. This suggested that the line(s) were in urgent need of at least partial replacement or major rehabilitation. Prior to making a final decision on partial replacement it was decided to run an Intelligent Scraper in both pipelines to ascertain both internal and external pipeline conditions. An Ultrasonic Scraper the largest of it`s kind in the world, similar to what was used in the Alyeska Pipeline was developed and successfully run in both pipelines in February 1993. This paper discusses the pipeline history, test hole evaluations, Intelligent Scraping experiences, field evaluation for anomaly verification, and repair of approximately 120 locations as identified by the Intelligent Scraping run. The Intelligent Scraping evaluation played a major role in the cancellation of partial pipeline replacement with cost savings estimated $30 MM.

  4. Integrated Core-based Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy and Diagenesis of the Lower Cretaceous (BarremianAptian), Biyadh and Shu'aiba Formations, a Giant Oil Field, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghamdi, Nasser Mohammad S.

    2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This study provides the most updated stratigraphic, depositional and diagenetic histories of the Early Cretaceous Biyadh and Shu'aiba formations. Carbon isotope data were integrated with core descriptions and well logs to define the age model beyond...

  5. Origin of Lower Cretaceous (`Nubian') sandstones of North-east Africa and Arabia from detrital zircon U-Pb SHRIMP dating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dov, Avigad

    as widespread sandstone sheets, typically are mineralogically and texturally mature. Previous petrographic contain aerially extensive siliciclastic rock units typically dominated by quartz-rich sandstone older sources (Kolodner et al., 2006). Petrogra- phical examination and detrital zircon geochro- nology

  6. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joarder, Anwar H

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 359 Oct@fiu.edu and Anwar H. Joarder Department of Mathematical Sciences King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

  7. 4418 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 9, NOVEMBER 2010 Investigating the Gaussian Convergence of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. This paper was presented in part at the 25th Biennial Symposium with Saudi Aramco, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia (e-mail: mjuaid@gmail.com). H. Yanikomeroglu

  8. 62 MATERIALS PERFORMANCE August 2009 Mechanistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Tingyue

    Ku, BP America, Inc., Houston, Texas ivan CruZ, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia This article presents

  9. Identifying Boundaries of Dominant Regions Dictating Spectrum Sharing Opportunities for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    , then the interference is considered This work was funded by Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. to be non

  10. Quick View Table 1: Enrollment by Degree or Program Type Intensive English (INTO OSU)1142 INTO OSU 1142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Count 109 Kuwait Cultural Office56 Sultanate Of Oman Count84 Saudi Arabia ARAMCO31 Iran Count 77 Libyan

  11. Author's personal copy Unemployment effects of climate policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Eckaus c, * a Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia b Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Climate Change

  12. Impact of Secondary Users' Field Size on Spectrum Sharing Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. spatial size of the field of secondary users. In most studies, the spatial

  13. On the Asymptotic Analysis of Average Interference Power Generated by a Wireless Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    was supported by Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. GHz at six locations including the New York City [5

  14. Mapping Metageographies: The Cartographic Invention of Italy and the Mediterranean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    della Dora, Veronica

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Finally, they invaded Egypt. However, when the EmperorsArmenia, Assyria, Arabia and Egypt have come under Roman

  15. Paintball Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

  16. acting in the South with the South

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    At the mid-point of the contract of objectives 11 A proven quality and sustainable development policy IRD C O AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY 2013 IRD IRD IRD #12;6 IRD - ANNUAL REPORT 2013 ECUADOR MARTINIQUE FRENCH Argentina Gabon Uganda Ethiopia Lebanon Nepal Cambodia East Timor Vanuatu India Seychelles Comoro Islands

  17. A mitogenomic perspective on the phylogeny and biogeography of living caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wake, Marvalee H.

    as adults, except for the Typhlonectidae, a South American group that is secondarily aquatic or semiaquatic: Gymnophiona) Peng Zhang a,b,*, Marvalee H. Wake a,* a Department of Integrative Biology and Museum and the Seychelles diverged from their African and American relatives most probably in Late Jurassic about 138 (112

  18. Proceedings of the 18th International Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation 24 Conservation and Management / Oral presentations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prestwich, Ken

    Proceedings of the 18th International Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation 24 Conservation and Management / Oral presentations SEA TURTLES IN THE REPUBLIC OF SEYCHELLES: AN EMERGING CONSERVATION SUCCESS STORY Jeanne A. Mortimer1 and 2 1 Department of Zoology, University of Florida

  19. Berkeley International Office Survey 1. What is your gender?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Lucia

    .0% 0 Mexico 1.5% 7 Moldova 0.0% 0 Monaco 0.0% 0 Mongolia 0.0% 0 Montenegro 0.0% 0 Montenegro (Prior (Prior to 2001) 0.2% 1 Serbia and Montenegro (COB, PIC) 0.0% 0 Seychelles 0.0% 0 Sierra Leone 0.0% 0

  20. Berkeley International Office Survey 1. What is your gender?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Lucia

    .0% 0 Mexico 0.0% 0 Moldova 0.0% 0 Monaco 0.0% 0 Mongolia 0.0% 0 Montenegro 0.0% 0 Montenegro (Prior to 2001) 0.0% 0 Serbia and Montenegro (COB, PIC) 0.0% 0 Seychelles 0.0% 0 Sierra Leone 0.0% 0 Singapore 6

  1. Aquat. Living Resour. 19, 8588 (2006) c EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , University of Hawaii, PO Box 1346, Kaneohe, Hawaii 96744, USA 3 Regional Tuna Tagging Project Indian Ocean length) caught near an anchored fish aggregating device (FAD) in the Seychelles (Western Indian Ocean and clearly demonstrate that this species has the physiological and behavioral ability to penetrate deep cold

  2. The Limits of the Literary: Senegalese Writers Between French, Wolof and World Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warner, Tobias Dodge

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dakar, Senegal. 10/2010. Diop, Abdou Rahmane. n.d. EcoleNicki List, Sophie Coly, Abdou Mbodj, Habib B and Aliouneat a daara [Quran school], Abdou Rahmane Diop wrote: The

  3. CenomanianTuronian organic sedimentation in North-West Africa: A comparison between the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    and DSDP wells (138, 367, 368 Sites) and petroleum exploration boreholes (CM7, CM10) in offshore Senegal. C Formation in Tunisia (El Albani et al., 1999). Since the introduction of the concept of Oceanic Anoxic

  4. Dr. Lee Slater uses travels to enrich FLET courses Dr. Lee Slater's activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    able to meet the museum's founder (and Senegalese writer and poet), Annette Mbaye d'Erneville, and be her honored guests while in Senegal. In return, the students presented the poet with English

  5. Editors Kirsten Halsns & Amit Garg ENERGY, CLIMATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Editors Kirsten Halsns & Amit Garg ENERGY, CLIMATE Sustainable Development, Energy and Climate Development, Energy and Climate Exploring Synergies and Tradeoffs Methodological Issues and Case Studies from Brazil, China, India, South Africa, Bangladesh and Senegal Editors Kirsten Halsns & Amit Garg ENERGY

  6. The 2006 Naval S&T Partnership Conference is presented by NDIA with technical support from ONR The Naval Postgraduate School's Role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Directed Energy Systems Software Engineering Combat System Physics Electronic Warfare SIGINT 1 Kenya 1 Nigeria 1 Rwanda 1 Senegal 1 Tanzania 1 Tunisia 4 11 #12;The 2006 Naval S&T Partnership

  7. recommendations. The animal / vegetal pro-teins ratio (1.7 0.1 vs 2.9 0.2; P < 0.001 ),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    ), Senegal (S, n = 110), Bolivia (B, n = 127) and New Caledonia (NC, n = 90). At 4 months of age, infants received a high- energy-density commercial food supple- ment based on cereals and enriched with minerals

  8. Copyright 2003 The Times Mirror Company; Los Angeles Times All Rights Reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to safe drinking water, energy and markets. The United Nations' 2003 Human Development Report, released, there are candidates for expanded aid right now: the vibrant democracies of Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ghana, Senegal

  9. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  10. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  11. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  12. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

  13. al-sulaibiya field kuwait: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Kuwait France Spain I taly Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Turkey Saudi Arabia Kuwait France Spain I taly Mexico Argentina China Kuwait Japan Korea...

  14. Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alissa, Reem IR

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    American Oil Company (ARAMCO) enclave in Saudi Arabia.more critical look at ARAMCO is by political scientist,Arabian- American Oil Company (ARAMCO). Indeed, according to

  15. Receiver-based Recovery of Clipped OFDM Signals for PAPR Reduction: A Bayesian Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.

    pilots contaminated by the clipping distortion. Numerical findings are presented, that depict favourable University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Corresponding Author: T. Y. Al

  16. SAFETY SERIES No.75-INSAG-4 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR ROMANIA SAUDI ARABIA...

  17. ancylus lake age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 46 Mirror Lake...

  18. Learning from Roman Seawater Concrete

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia; the Loeb Classical Library Foundation, Harvard University; and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of...

  19. Oil and Gas Company Oil and Gas Company Address Place Zip Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dhahran Saudi Arabia http www saudiaramco com en home html Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company SAMREF Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company SAMREF P O Box Yanbu S audi...

  20. anoxic mining-impacted lake: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 45...

  1. anoxic hypersaline lakes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 56...

  2. Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile Gas Natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Catlica de Chile)

    60 70 80 90 100 Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Azerbaijan Iran Qatar Saudi Arabia Libya. Generacin solar -fotovoltaica, concentradores solares. Pelamis Energa Geotrmica -energa calrica

  3. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  4. Secretary Bodman Meets with Jordanian Prime Minister to Tout...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to Saudi Arabia before continuing his trip through the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Egypt where he will continue dialogues with global leaders to enhance the United States'...

  5. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  6. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New...

  7. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  8. Energy and the Evolution of World-Systems: Fueling Power and Environmental Degradation, 1800-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Kirk Steven

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Portugal Trinidad and Tobago Malta Saudi Arabia Argentinaper Capita, with Power Country Islamic Rep. of Iran MaltaAlgeria Malta Korea, Rep. of (South) Korea, Rep. of (South)

  9. How Robust Is Muslim Support for Patriarchal Values? A Cross-National Multi-Level Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.; Welzel, Christian

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Egypt Japan Philippines Egypt Malta S. Korea Saudi ArabiaU.S.A. Zimbabwe U.K. NL Malta Canada Portugal Finland Ghana

  10. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

  11. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  12. Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    sustain the targeted oil production rates and they die much sooner than expected when water enters the wells. The study attempted to identify fracture systems and their role in the irregular water sweep. Single-well acoustic migration imaging (SWI...

  13. Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    the development of sustainable practices and expertise. Drilling fluids are necessary for drilling oil and gas and functions of the drilling fluids, contaminates the subsurface and underground systems, landfills important part of any earth excavation exercise, especially when drilling for oil and gas. The drilling

  14. *Corresponding authors: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305 (O), Fax: 0096638604447.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    the development of sustainable practices and expertise. Drilling fluids are necessary for drilling oil and gas and functions of the drilling fluids, contaminates the subsurface and underground systems, landfills

  15. Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    , distribution, or storage of any part of this paper without the written consent of the Society of Petroleum of reservoir performance. Keywords: porous media, dimensionless number, temperature distribution, temperature

  16. Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations and modeling of convective clouds in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations and modeling of convective clouds indicated a color change in the accumulated ice. Specifically, the ice color changed from white, during concentrations observed (as well as other changes in the convective cloud properties that were documented

  17. Pathways Analysis for State Proliferators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mella, Michael

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    for Sweden .......................................................... 89 Figure 29 The enrichment pathways for Sweden .................................................... 90 Figure 30 Loose export controls but no reactor, reprocessing, or enrichment... for Saudi Arabia ............................................................... 94 Figure 31 Loose export controls and a reactor for Saudi Arabia. ............................ 95 Figure 32 Loose export controls with a reactor and reprocessing...

  18. Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abdou Kâ DIONGUE, Dominique GUEGAN 2008.13 halshs-00259225,version1-27Feb2008 #12;The k-factor Gegenbauer Asymmetric Power GARCH approach for modelling electricity spot price dynamics Abdou Kâ Diongue: LERSTAD, UFR SAT, Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis, BP 234, Saint-Louis SENEGAL, e-mail: abdou

  19. Measuring the contribution of extractive industries to local

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    companies in Nigeria Research Center ESSEC Working Paper 1109 July 2011 Abdou Kâ Diongue Gaël Giraud Cécile development : the case of oil companies in Nigeria Abdou K^a Diongue Saint Louis University, Senegal Ga71, O12, O55. abdou.diongue@ugb.edu.sn gael.giraud@parisschoolofeconomics.fr renouard@essec.fr 1

  20. Costing for National Electricity Interventions to Increase Access to Energy, Health Services, and Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modi, Vijay

    , and Education Senegal Final Report A Report to the World Bank by the Agence Sngalaise d'Electrification Rurale Agence Sngalaise d'Electrification Rurale EI Earth Institute ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States ERIL rural electrification projects initiated locally GIS Geographic Information System HH

  1. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  2. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  3. Organic matter characteristics of CenomanianTuronian source rocks: implications for petroleum and gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Organic matter characteristics of CenomanianTuronian source rocks: implications for petroleum from the Senegal margin basin, believed to be the main source rocks in the area, have been matter sources; Depositional environment; Petroleum source rock #12;1. Introduction Fig. 1. (a) Map

  4. IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors to Madagascar, Senegal to South Africa, biofuels is the buzzword as African countries wake up to the possibility of using their vast spaces to grow crops that reduce their fossil fuel bill. Biofuels also carry

  5. Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    ; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovakia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine New Guinea; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Senegal of the Atomic Energy (EURATOM) Date TreatyBasin Signatories TreatyName April 11, 1910 Aden Aden; Great Britain

  6. Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics Spring 2013 Solar Powered Well Pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics Spring 2013 Solar Powered Well Pump was inspired by an actual farm in Dakar, Senegal that is looking to improve their irrigation process. The primary challenges within this project were the specific benchmarks applicable to the Dakar farm

  7. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  8. 11:05 --IN THE SHADOW OF WORLD WAR II Erika Jerwick, Ethiopia, Italy, and the Politics of Race: 1896-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    Women Soldiers in the American Civil War Benjamin Fox, U.S. Foreign Policy and the Iranian Revolution 9 of Federalist Imagery in 19th Century Argentina Lara Finkbeiner, The Hypocrisy of "Humanitarianism": Contradictions between Policy and Rhetoric on Slavery in Nineteenth-Century French Senegal 10:15--REFRESHMENTS 10

  9. This Provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance. Fully formatted PDF and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carranza, Salvador

    and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon. Conquering the Sahara and Arabian deserts of the biota of North Africa and Arabia is inextricably tied to the complex geological and climatic evolution

  10. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  11. Identification of Market Requirements of Smart Buildings Technologies for High Rise Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reffat, R. M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports the findings on the identification of market requirements of smart buildings technologies for high rise office buildings in Saudi Arabia including: levels of importance of smart building technologies for office buildings, current...

  12. Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2014 115 Copyright 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2014 115 Copyright 2014 Inderscience fields in Saudi Arabia', Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.115131. Biographical

  13. Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the Washington Institute...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    barrels of oil per day, of which it consumes about 2.5 million barrels. If domestic consumption in Saudi Arabia continues to rise along predicted levels, in coming years much of...

  14. SIR JULIAN HORN-SMITH Pro-Chancellor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    SIR JULIAN HORN-SMITH Pro-Chancellor S ir Julian Horn-Smith, aged 62, was one of the founding (Telecoms and Media) and Etisalat (the leading telecommunications company in UAE, Egypt and Saudia Arabia

  15. KING FAHD UNIVERCITY OF PETROLUEM AND MINIRALS DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ghadhban, Samir

    in 2009. When I finished the training, they were waiting for the acceptance from Saudi Aramco to sign a contract with them to be one of Aramco suppliers. There is only one branch in Saudi Arabia located

  16. Petroleum Geosciences Program Dr. Aldo Vesnaver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    Dhabi). 2010 2013: Saudi Aramco Chair Professor of Seismic Exploration at the King Fahd University Physics of Miramare (Italy). 2001 2006: Geophysical Specialist at Saudi Aramco (Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

  17. Essays in oil, conflict, and the development of resource-rich countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, Jennifer Randolph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines three topics in the political economy of global oil markets and the development of resource-rich countries. The first chapter examines the effect of Saudi Arabia's crude pricing policies on the political ...

  18. Efficient Coordinated Recovery of Sparse Channels in Massive MIMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.

    estimation of large number of channels in massive MIMO systems. Moreover, to avoid pilot contamination University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Moreover, in massive MIMO

  19. U.S. Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    liquid fuels 6 in the world, overtaking Saudi Arabia and Russia. The growth in domestic production has also contributed to a dramatic decline in petroleum imports. The share of...

  20. Written Statement of Peggy Montana, Shell Downstream Quadrennial...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    following facts bear this out: In 2013, the U.S. became the world's top producer of petroleum and natural gas, surpassing Russia and Saudi Arabia. This year, that...

  1. Architecting the Saudi solar manufacturing : using Enterprise Architecture Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsultan, Bassel F. (Bassel Fahad)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The demand for Saudi oil is increasing locally and internationally, and being one of the major oil exporters in the world, the government of Saudi Arabia needs to balance between local consumption and international demand. ...

  2. Hassan B. Diab Vice President,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    EGYPT IRAQ JORDAN KUWAIT LEBANON OMAN QATAR SAUDI ARABIA SUDAN SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK YEMEN 2008-09 Annual Activity Report #12;2 Acknowledgement The 2008

  3. The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lie, Kai Olaf

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    60% of proven global oil reserves and 45% of gas reserves.3% of global reserves and produce only 10% of oil and gas. (Arabia in oil (9,5 MBD in 2004) with reserves expected to

  4. Visa Students by Country of Citizenship -November 2013 Region Undergraduate Graduate Total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan 3 1 4 Kuwait 1 2 3 Lebanon 4 2 6 Libya 2 0 2 Morocco 3 1 4 Oman 0 1 1 Qatar 2 0 2 Saudi Arabia 57

  5. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New Land Grant Mexico Permanent Fund) Savings* Oil and otherBotswana East Timor Mexico Saudi Arabia Oil Oil State OilSavings Oil and other non-commodity sources New Mexico State

  6. 2005 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosociety.org. Geology; May 2005; v. 33; no. 5; p. 413416; doi: 10.1130/G21227.1; 4 figures; Data Repository item 2005073. 413

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niocaill, Conall Mac

    the first evidence for low-latitude glaciation in Arabia. A series of magnetic reversals in the Fiq tillite, possibly including several episodes of global refrigeration (e.g., (Hoffman et al., 1998; Kennedy et al

  7. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    East and beyond. A nuclear-capable Iran would increase pressure on the governments of Egypt, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia to seek their own incipient or realized nuclear weapons. And...

  8. The Graduate School. The Graduate School encompasses the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yi

    , Thailand, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Taiwan, Malaysia, Cyprus, Turkey, Serbia, Iran, and Vietnam-technical systems related to sustainable energy technologies. We also encourage proposals for research by design

  9. Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    industries to local development : the case of oil companies in Nigeria Abdou Kâ DIONGUE, Gaël GIRAUD, Cécile in Nigeria Abdou K^a Diongue Saint Louis University, Senegal Ga¨el Giraud CNRS, Paris School of Economics assessment. JEL Classification Numbers : C43, D21, F21, L71, O12, O55. abdou.diongue@ugb.edu.sn gael

  10. Saudi production capacity climbing to 10 million b/d

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Arabia this year is completing its expansion of production capacity and developing recent discoveries to enhance export flexibility. The 3 million b/d capacity expansion to 10 million b/d, announced in 1989, is on target for completion by year end 1994. Most of the effort involves restoration of mothballed production equipment and installation of several gas-oil separation plants (GOSPs) in existing fields. But Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) also this year will start up production of extra-light oil from a new field in the central part of the kingdom. Start-up of Hawtah area production demonstrates success of an oil search Aramco began after receiving exclusive exploration rights to nearly all of Saudi Arabia's prospective area in 1986. From new fields and traditional producing areas, therefore, Saudi Arabia has the potential to expand production capacity beyond 10 million b/d. The paper describes the development of the extra capacity.

  11. Efficient Computation of Clipped Voronoi Diagram for Mesh Generation Dong-Ming Yana,b,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , 54600, Villers les Nancy, France cGeometric Modeling and Scientific Visualization Center, KAUST, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia dMicrosoft Research Asia, Building 2, No. 5 Danling Street, Haidian widely used in various fields, especially in computer graphics and geometry computing. For a set

  12. DISSERTATION In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Arabia Mischa Dohler, CTTC, Spain Thesis supervisor Aawatif Hayar, EURECOM, France pastel-00576459 spectrum and adapts its transmission to available spectral resources. The blind spectrum sensing and resource allocation in cognitive radio are being addressed in this thesis. In the first part of this thesis

  13. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    India 56 India 28 Taiwan 20 Canada 12 Saudi Arabia 19 Vietnam 11 Israel 16 Turkey 10 Germany Singapore 6 Ghana 10 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13 Finance 33 81 114 Genetic Counseling 3 2 5 General Studies/Undeclared 251 251 Health Policy / Management 7

  14. http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2007/03/28/wind/print.html To print this page, select "Print" from the File menu of your browser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    than any other power source, say industry experts. Bye-bye, Saudi Arabia. So long, global- warming paralysis. #12;In the United States, wind represents less than 1 percent of all electric power generation, but that's still enough to power 2.9 million homes. The industry is growing fast -- wind-power production

  15. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mudawa, Muhamed F.

    @kfupm.edu.sa M. K. AlGhuson (B) EXPEC Computer Center, Saudi Aramco, P.O. Box 10265, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia E-mail: mohammed.ghuson@aramco.com 123 Author's personal copy #12;786 Arab J Sci Eng (2011) 36. At Saudi Aramco, the world's largest oil producing company, in its Exploration and Petroleum Engineering

  16. On Reducing the Complexity of Tone-Reservation Based PAPR Reduction Schemes by Compressive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.

    Eprahim B. Al-Safadi Department of Electrical Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals P Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Abstract--In this paper, we describe contaminated by noise. It is worth mentioning that the objective of this paper is to establish the serious

  17. Two-Step Variance-Adaptive Image Denoising Lahouari Ghouti and Ahmed Bouridane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghouti, Lahouari

    on a minimum mean square error estimation (MMSE) procedure. Experimental results, using images contaminated contaminated by noise. Therefore, it is desirable to derive an estimate of the original image through denoising, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Email: ghouti

  18. Changing Climate and Overgrazing Are Decimating Mongolian Steppes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    3 , Izuru Saizen7 1 Water Research Centre, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, 6 Fenner School of Environment & Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, 7 Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto

  19. The Real Challenges in Reservoir Simulation The Real Challenges in Reservoir Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    M. Enamul Hossain Department of Petroleum Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals and Natural Gas Exploration and Production Technologies (OGEP 2010) held at the King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) Campus in Dhahran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, December 18-20, 2010. Abstract

  20. FPGA Implementation of a Satellite Attitude Control using Variable Structure Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aboelaze, Mokhtar

    the weight and power consumption of the satellite. Failure to properly control the satellite can leadFPGA Implementation of a Satellite Attitude Control using Variable Structure Control Mokhtar Dept. of Electrical Engineering Effat University Jeddah Saudi Arabia Abstract-- Satellite control

  1. IMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    products and the oil that otherwise would be contacted. This paper pre- sents the resultsIMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL WELLS BY GAS PRECONDITIONING M. A. Aggour, M. Al, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia ABSTRACT Experience has shown that for sandstone formations, oil wells respond

  2. Characteristics and removal of filter cake formed by formate-based drilling mud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alotaibi, Mohammed Badri

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Formate-based mud has been used to drill deep gas wells in Saudi Arabia since 2004. This mud typically contains XC-polymer, starch, polyanionic cellulose, and a relatively small amount of calcium carbonate particles, and is used to drill a deep...

  3. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [June 1, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Japan, (3) East Europe; Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, German Democratic Republic, Poland, Hungary, (5) Brazil, (6) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia (7) Soviet Union, and (8) Federal Republic of Germany.

  4. Ocean Sci., 2, 2741, 2006 www.ocean-sci.net/2/27/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of United Arab Emirates is a major driver of this baroclinic circulation. 1 Introduction The Persian Gulf bordering the Per- sian Gulf are the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq (Emery, 1956). Extensive shallow regions, United Arab Emirates

  5. 4th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC 2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Zealand, Pakistan, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam. After peer-reviewing all the submissions, the Program, and United States. The three invited speakers are: Professor Manish Parashar (Rutgers: The State University

  6. DOE Accepted Carriers Date: April 8, 2008 POC: Dave Lopez, MA-30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Airline 24 Air Arabia United Arab Emirates ICAO Designated Cat 1 Carrier 25 Air Astana Kazakhstan IATA Inc United States DoD-Accepted Air Carrier 36 Air Charters Inc United States DOE-Accepted Charter 37 with United Airlines & IATA Member 39 Air Creebec, Inc. Canada ICAO Designated Cat 1 Carrier 40 Air Deccan

  7. Post-war Lebanese communities in search of reconciliation Fifteen years have passed already since the Taif conference of October 1989 where some 70 Lebanese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Post-war Lebanese communities in search of reconciliation Fifteen years have passed already since Arabia, Syria and the United States, to put an end to fifteen years of civil war in their country Beirut, or inter-sectarian fighting such as the War of the Mountain between Christian Phalangist Lebanese

  8. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 260 (2003) 6069 Magnetic properties of praseodymium ions in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mekki, Abdelkarim

    of Physics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia b Department acquired at different temperatures have been fitted with a Brillouin function by refining the number of Pr3 (for Pr2O3), Na2CO3 (for Na2O) and SiO2. Calculated amounts of these powders were mixed and melted

  9. Cambridge's Science Magazine produced in association with Saliva's Secrets . Aubrey de Grey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Appetite Control . Biofuels . Science and the Web Hydrogen Economy The Future of Fuel Hydrogen Economy Sun, Sea and Science in Saudi Arabia Insight into Hydrogen Power Sense about Science When Art Meets and science. This issue's Focus gives an excellent overview of hydrogen as a source of energy, not only

  10. Iranian-Israeli tensions: Could war engulf the By JOHN LANTIGUA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    is energy- related, Israel and international inspectors suspect the Iranians are developing nuclear weapons of China and Russia in the region. Elections are due in the U.S., Israel and Iran in the next two years change the entire political equation. Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Jordan would follow - the domino effect

  11. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    - tuosity term in a more robust manner. Core data from major carbonate reservoirs in Saudi Arabia is used Modified KozenyCarmen correlation for enhanced hydraulic flow unit characterization Hasan A. Nooruddin a. (1993) modified that correlation introducing the concept of Reservoir Quality Index (RQI) and Flow Zone

  12. SOLAR DESALINATION John H. Lienhard,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lienhard V, John H.

    CHAPTER 9 SOLAR DESALINATION John H. Lienhard,1, Mohamed A. Antar,2 Amy Bilton,1 Julian Blanco,3, Saudi Arabia 3 Plataforma Solar de Almeria, Carretera de Senes s/n, 04200 Tabernas (Almeria), Spain 4 supply infrastructure are inadequate, fossil energy costs may be high whereas solar energy is abundant

  13. A non-destructive method for mapping formation damage M.A. Khan a,*, S.Z. Jilani b,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    A non-destructive method for mapping formation damage M.A. Khan a,*, S.Z. Jilani b,c , H. Menouar c , A.A. Al-Majed b,c a Center for Applied Physical Sciences, The Research Institute, King Fahd Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia c Center

  14. Edge-Preserving Wavelet-Based Multisensor Image Fusion Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghouti, Lahouari

    is with the Information and Computer Science Department. King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261 Department. King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Email: ibrahimm@ccse.kfupm.edu.sa Feature extraction plays a major a role in the implementa- tion of feature-level fusion approaches. Prior

  15. Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghouti, Lahouari

    Limited 1355-2511 DOI 10.1108/13552510310482398 Experiments on the extraction of blade vibration signature. Abdlsamad King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Keywords Vibration, Condition monitoring, Torsion, Signal processing Abstract This paper presents experimental results that examine

  16. David Cahen, 10 / 2009 Modern Life with Sustainable Energy Presents an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jan M.L.

    (Energy Information Administration) Oil Reserves Reported by OPEC Countries and relying on oil companies isn't much better 250 200 150 100 50 0 ProvedCrudeOilReserves(BillionBarrels) 200520001995199019851980 Year Saudi Arabia Iraq United Arab Emirates Iran Mexico #12;David Cahen, 10 / 2009 Energy "Reserves

  17. B-spline neural networks based PID controller for Hammerstein systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    B-spline neural networks based PID controller for Hammerstein systems X. Hong1 , S. Iplikci2 S, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. Abstract. A new PID tuning and controller of a PID controller together with a correction term. In order to update the control signal, the multi- step

  18. THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON OXIDATION KINETICS OF TAR FROM A TARMAT RESERVOIR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    -Khamsin Department of Petroleum Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia the optimum solvent slug was injected #12;in portions alternating with hot water. The economics of the process, however, are yet to be evaluated by a field test. It is expected, though, that well-bore heat losses would

  19. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    Sustainable technology Environmental impact Limitations of current technology Date palm a b s t r a c of spill control. This research reviews the limitations and environmental impact of existing cleanup, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 10 December 2011 Received

  20. Aircraft Observations of Sub-cloud Aerosol and Convective Cloud Physical Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axisa, Duncan

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This research focuses on aircraft observational studies of aerosol-cloud interactions in cumulus clouds. The data were collected in the summer of 2004, the spring of 2007 and the mid-winter and spring of 2008 in Texas, central Saudi Arabia...

  1. Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

  2. Distinctive genetic signatures in the Libyan Jews Noah A. Rosenberg*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Noah

    contained in Libya records the settlement of Jews from Egypt around 312 BCE (1, 2), and the ancient in the 6th century (1), and others may have arrived from Arabia and Syria with the Moslem conquest of Libya of North Africa, Libya did not serve as a major destination of Iberian Jews seeking refuge after their 1492

  3. CHOI ET AL. VOL. 8 ' NO. 7 ' 74517457 ' 2014 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Chemical Society Supercapacitors of Nanocrystalline Metal?Organic Frameworks Kyung Min Choi,, Hyung Mo 34464, Saudi Arabia E lectrochemical capacitors, also known as supercapacitors, represent an impor- tant such as activated carbon are commercial supercapacitors that operate by storing charge on electrochemical double

  4. Office of the Vice President, Research Simcoe Hall, Room 109, 27 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    Investigator grants from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia) for his work. In 2000, Biox Corporation, a U of T spin- off, was formed. Taking technology developed by Chemical Engineering Professor David Boocock, Biox produces biodiesel from waste animal fats, using a process

  5. U.S. Department of the Interior November 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (t/yr) at its 270,000-t/yr Hannibal smelter. A decision by the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio/yr smelter in Ras al Khair, Saudi Arabia. Potline instability was cited as the reason for the shutdown least efficient smelters in Russia, citing high costs. The Ural, Volgograd, and Volkhov smelters were

  6. New Approaches for Calculating Safety Parameters and Estimating Hazard Severity for Cumene Hydroperoxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shu-Ching

    to Fire and/or Explosion in the Chemical Process Industries [1-4] Year Location Chemical Event Deaths/injured 1943 Ludigshafen, Germany Butadiene Explosion >100d 1944 Cleveland, OH LNG Fire 128/200~400 1947 Texas ?/>200 1962 Ras Taruna, Saudi Arabia Propane Fire 1/111 1964 Tokyo, Japan MEKPO Fire/Explosion 19

  7. ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

  8. FAIR Forefront Physics and Challenges: Extreme Field Physics with Lasers and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    China Finland France Germany Greece U KItaly Poland Slovakia Slovenia Spain SwedenRomania Russia Saudi Arabia #12;CrossChecking Conference August 27th #12;13th SAC Seminar "New Perspectives of High Energy Physics Physics: x600 higher target energy density 600kJ/g Nuclear Matter Physics with 35-45 GeV/u HI beams, x1000

  9. A New Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm for Environmental/Economic Power Dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coello, Carlos A. Coello

    A New Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm for Environmental/Economic Power Dispatch M. A. Abido Electrical Engineering Department King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia approach and confirms its potential to solve the multiobjectiveEED problem. 1. INTRODUCTION The basic

  10. LES GRAVURES RUPESTRES DE JORDANIE DU SUD ET ENQUTE SUR LES PRATIQUES DE CHASSE ACTUELLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    portrait du chasseur: ses qualits mora- les et physiques. Mots-cls: Jordanie, Arabie, Wadi Ramm, al qualities. Key words: Jordan, Arabia, Wadi Ramm, Al-Hwatat, hunting, hunters, inscriptions, north Arabic le Wadi Ramm, sur une zone de 50 km2 environ aux alentours du village de Ramm (fig. 1). Les

  11. Tours for IEEE AICCSA 2007 All Rates are Special for Conference Participants and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Tour No. 3: PetraPetraPetraPetra----Wadi Rum and AqabaWadi Rum and AqabaWadi Rum and AqabaWadi Rum. In the after noon, we proceed to Wadi Rum, the land of Lawrence of Arabia. We enjoy the Mysterious sunset view overnight at Wadi Rum Camp. Including special buffet dinner and folklore/Bedouin Show. Day 2: After

  12. Ferry-Based Linear Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    of oil, gas, and water pipeline infrastructure using wireless sensor networks. #12;IEEE Globecom 2013 UAE (2006): 2,580 Km of gas pipelines 2,950 Km of oil pipelines 156 Km of refined products pipelines. Desalinated water. Saudi Arabia: 3,800 Km. Oil, Gas, and Water Pipeline UseOil, Gas, and Water

  13. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  14. Senior Citizens' Center Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpenSenegal: EnergyOpen

  15. Sensox | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpenSenegal:

  16. Sensus | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpenSenegal:Sensus Jump

  17. Sentech Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpenSenegal:Sensus

  18. Sentry Power LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: Energy ResourcesOpenSenegal:SensusSentry

  19. International energy indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data are compiled and graphs are presented for Iran: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Saudi Arabia: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia): Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, 1973-1980; Oil Stocks: Free World, US, Japan and Europe (landed), 1973-1980; Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, 1973-1980; USSR Crude Oil Production, 1974-1980; Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, 1973-1980; US Imports of Crude Oil and Products, 1973-1980; Landed Cost of Saudi Crude in Current and 1974 Dollars; US Trade in Bituminous Coal, 1973-1980; Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-1980; and Energy/GNP Ratio.

  20. Saudi MTBE project revived

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Alujain Corp., a member of the Xenel group of Saudi Arabia, is going ahead with plans to build an 800,000-m.t./year methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) plant. Bechtel has been appointed project manager for the plant, which will be owned by a new company, National Fuel Additives (Tahseen). Bechtel will help evaluate proposals already submitted for the lump sum turnkey job.

  1. Presentation 2.1: Review of global bioenergy scenarios Jack N. Saddler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forest Products Biotechnology at UBC Oil Prices and World Events $0 $10 $20 $30 $40 $50 $60 $70 $80 1997 2005 Sources: (1) WorldOil.Com. 2004,2005, 2006. 98 #12;Forest Products Biotechnology at UBC Gasoline Prices April 2006 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.75 $1.00 $1.25 $1.50 $1.75 $2.00 Venezuela Indonesia Saudi Arabia

  2. Black Gold Rush in the Near East: A Century of Oil Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooley, Chelsea

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    came to realize the importance of Saudi oil for US success at war. These combined factors prompted the President to create the Petroleum Reserve Corporation (PRC) in 1942 to acquire petroleum, petroleum products, and petroleum reserves outside... and production. That same year, Aramco established Gulf Operations Ltd to manage governmental petroleum interests in the Offshore Neutral Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Aramcos success and ties to the US did not help to negate the fact that 15...

  3. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    India 69 India 22 Saudi Arabia 27 Canada 13 Taiwan 24 Israel 12 Israel 18 Vietnam 10 Nigeria 16 Turkey 8/Kenya/Spain/Thailand/Venezuela 4 Pakistan 11 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13/Television/Interactive Media 1 1 Finance 64 23 87 Genetic Counseling 3 3 General Studies/Undeclared 282 1 283 Health Policy

  4. Industrial Energy Efficiency Achieving Success in a Difficult Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castellow, C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    continue to pace energy prices overall. As history shows, oil prices are subject to many market forces outside of supply and demand. In Carter?s era, the factor that drove prices to historic highs was the Arab Oil Embargo. It was subsequently driven... down to levels that could not have been predicted at the time by supply market issues as the OPEC nations, especially Saudi Arabia, changed major production policies. In 2008 new historically high oil prices resulted from the influence...

  5. International Affairs International Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    0.1% Ukraine 6 0.4% United Arab Emirates 2 0.1% United Kingdom 41 2.8% Venezuela 41 2.8% Vietnam 23 Colombia Saudi Arabia Canada South Korea Turkey United Kingdom Venezuela 235 182 68 61 52 50 43 41 41 Top.5% South Korea 50 3.4% Turkey 43 2.9% United Kingdom 41 2.8% Venezuela 41 2.8% Trinidad & Tobago 33 2

  6. Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawls, L.W.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

  7. International energy indicators. [International and US statistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the international sector, a table of data is first presented followed by corresponding graph of the data for the following: (1) Iran: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to February 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia (same as Iran); (3) OPEC (ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia); capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to January 1980; (4) non-OPEC Free World and US production of crude oil, 1973 to January 1980; (5) oil stocks: Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (landed), 1973 to 1979; (6) petroleum consumption by industrial countries, 1973 to October 1979; (7) USSR crude oil production, 1974 to February 1980; (8) Free World and US nuclear generation capacity, 1973 to January 1980. For the United States, the same data format is used for the following: (a) US imports of crude oil and products 1973 to January 1980; (b) landed cost of Saudi Arabia crude oil in current and 1974 dollars, 1974 to October 1979; (c) US trade in coal, 1973 to 1979; (d) summary of US merchandise trade, 1976 to January 1980; and (e) US energy/GNP ratio (in 1972 dollars), 1947 to 1979.

  8. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  9. Seawater can damage Saudi sandstone oil reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dahab, A.S. (King Saud Univ., Riyadh (SA))

    1990-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments have shown that formation damage from waterflooding of the Aramco and Alkhafji sandstones of Saudi Arabia will not occur if the salinity of the injected brines is higher than 20% NaCl. Because the connate water in these reservoirs has a high salt content of up to 231,000 ppm, Saudi oil fields are almost always susceptible to formation damage when flooded with seawater (about 38,500 ppm). The productive behavior of a reservoir can be affected by clay crystals developed within rock pores.

  10. Reversing entanglement change by a weak measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Qingqing; Al-Amri, M.; Davidovich, Luiz; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 2National Centre for Mathematics and Physics, KACST, P.O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia 3Instituto de F??sica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Received 17 August... to the following map [17]: |0?S |0?E ? |0?S |0?E, (1) |1?S |0?E ? ? 1? p|1?S |0?E +?p|0?S |1?E, where p ? [0,1] is the probability of losing the system excitation into the environment. Within the Weisskopf-Wigner approximation, the probability 1? p...

  11. Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krane, Jim

    2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    , domestic burning of crude oil, diesel, and heavy fuel oil is already reducing exportsandstateincome.Fuelconsumptioninpowergenerationwasequivalentto12%of thecountrysoilproductionin2010.Thisfigureisexpectedtoriseto21... 755%ofSaudipowerwasderivedfromliquidfuel?basedgeneration,aswas71%inKuwaitand18%in Oman,where(asinSaudiArabia)dieselgenerationprovideselectricityinareasbeyondtransmissiongrids (IEA2011). 8Unconventionalgas...

  12. Yantai Dongyuan Wind Power Group Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, Saudi Arabia:Yantai

  13. International energy indicators. [Statistical tables and graphs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International statistical tables and graphs are given for the following: (1) Iran - Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-April 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia - Crude Oil Capacity, Production, and Shut-in, March 1974-Apr 1980; (3) OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia) - Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-March 1980; (4) Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, January 1973-February 1980; (5) Oil Stocks - Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (Landed, 1973-1st Quarter, 1980); (6) Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, January 1973-December 1979; (7) USSR Crude Oil Production and Exports, January 1974-April 1980; and (8) Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, January 1973-March 1980. Similar statistical tables and graphs included for the United States include: (1) Imports of Crude Oil and Products, January 1973-April 1980; (2) Landed Cost of Saudi Oil in Current and 1974 Dollars, April 1974-January 1980; (3) US Trade in Coal, January 1973-March 1980; (4) Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-March 1980; and (5) US Energy/GNP Ratio, 1947 to 1979.

  14. Tectonic and depositional model of the Arabian and adjoining plates during the Silurian-Devonian

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Husseini, M.I. (Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Late Ordovician and Early Silurian, the western part of the Arabian Peninsula was covered by polar glaciers that advanced from the south pole in African Gondwana. During this period, nondeposition, erosion, or marginal marine conditions prevailed in eastern and northern Arabia. When the glaciers melted in the Early Silurian, sea level rose sharply and the paleo-Tethys Ocean transgressed the Arabian and adjoining plates depositing a thick, organic-rich shale directly over the glaciogenic and periglacial rocks and related unconformities. The post-glacial sequence coarsens upward reflecting the passage of a coastline prograding northward from African and Arabian Gondwana to northern Arabia. A sea level drop in the Late Silurian placed the study area in a terrestrial environment; however, as sea level recovered in the Early Devonian, a carbonate sequence blanketed most of the area. The transgression, however, was interrupted by regional uplift and local orogenic movements in the Middle and Late Devonian. These movements constitute the onset of Hercynian tectonism, which resulted in erosion of the older sequences, depositional hiatuses, and regional facies changes.

  15. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  16. Tectonic synthesis of the northern Arabian platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, J.R.; Russell, O.R.; Stasxkowski, R.J.; Loyd, S.P.; Tabbutt, V.M. (Earth Satellite Corp., Chevy Chase, MD (USA)); Dolan, P.; Stein, A. (Dolan and Associates, Richmond (England)); Scott, J. (Petroleum Geological Analysis, Ltd., Reading (England))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The creation and destruction of Tethys oceans from the early Mesozoic to the present has created a complex suture zone along the Zagros/Bitlus trend. The fundamental interactions are between the Arabian and Euasian plates, but several microplates trapped between the major plates further complicate the tectonic fabric of the region. On the west, the Arabian plate slides past the African plate and the Sinai microplate along the Levant fault. The Palmyrides are related to a bend in this plate boundary and are not an offset extension of the Syrian arc. As Arabia penetrates Eurasia the Anatolian block is escaping to the west along the northern (right-lateral) and eastern (left-lateral) faults. Convergence of the Eurasian and Arabian plates resulted in ophiolite abduction (Late Cretaceous), followed by continent-continent collision (Miocene to present). The zone of collision is marked by the Bitlis-Zagrosa suture. Structural features associated with the collision include overthrusting, impactogens, and complexly folded and faulted mountain systems. Intensity and complexity of structuring decreases southward into open long-wavelength folds on the Arabian Platform. The fortuitous combination of rich source rocks, abundant reservoir rocks with primary and fracture porosity, and numerous trapping structures make this an extraordinary prolific hydrocarbon province. A structural and lithologic interpretation of 53 contiguous Landsat Multispectral Scanner scenes covering all of Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait, and portions of Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia has provided insights into the tectonic history of this area and its hydrocarbon accumulation.

  17. Locus control region HS2 point mutations are generally not responsible for elevated fetal hemoglobin expression of sickle cell patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilman, J.G. [Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Brinson, E.C.; Milner, P.M. [Medical College of Georgia, Augusta (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The locus control region (LCR), composed of four hypersensitive sites (HS1-4) 5{prime} of the {epsilon} globin gene, confers strong, copy-number dependent expression on globin genes in transgenic mice. Several {beta}-globin gene cluster haplotypes carry the sickle cell gene, and show variable levels of fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) expression in association with DNA sequence differences in HS2, {gamma} and {beta} globin promoters, and {gamma}IVSII: The Senegal (SEN or No. 3) haplotype generally has high (>10%) Hb F, Benin (BEN or No. 19) has intermediate Hb F (but some low and some high), and Banu (BAN or No. 20) generally has low Hb F. Huisman and colleagues have proposed that `factors produced under conditions of hematopoietic stress, together with genetic determinants on the haplotype-3 like LCR sequences, allow for high level expression of {gamma} globin genes`. We have now used slot blot to screen high Hb F (>9.5%) and low Hb F cases for two of the three HS2 point mutations described by Oener et al. Comparing eight high Hb F BEN/BEN with two low Hb F BEN/BEN, all ten had the BEN mutations considered by Oener et al. to be associated with low Hb F. Comparing three high Hb F BEN/BAN with two low Hb F BEN/BAN, all five were heterozygous at three positions; this is consistent with BEN having G and T and BAN having A at both positions. DNA sequencing of HS2 for BAN, which is generally associated with low HB F, showed that the point mutations at all three positions were those seen in SEN (generally high Hb F); only the AT repeat region showed major differences, confirming results of Huisman and colleagues. Hence, if there is any effect of HS2 of the Senegal sickle cell haplotype in causing elevated Hb F under hematopoietic stress, it must be due to specific variation in the AT repeat region, which Oener et al. have suggested may bind a silencer.

  18. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  19. Structural analysis of the 5 prime flanking region of the. beta. -globin gene in African sickle cell anemia patients: Further evidence for three origins of the sickle cell mutation in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chebloune, Y.; Pagnier, J.; Trabuchet, G.; Faure, C.; Verdier, G.; Labie, D.; Nigon, V. (Universite Claude Bernard-Lyon, Villeurbane (France))

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Haplotype analysis of the {beta}-globin gene cluster shows two regions of DNA characterized by nonrandom association of restriction site polymorphisms. These regions are separated by a variable segment containing the repeated sequences (ATTTT){sub n} and (AT){sub x}T{sub y}, which might be involved in recombinational events. Studies of haplotypes linked to the sickle cell gene in Africa provide strong argument for three origins of the mutation: Benin, Senegal, and the Central African Republic. The structure of the variable segment in the three African populations was studied by S1 nuclease mapping of genomic DNA, which allows a comparison of several samples. A 1080-base-pair DNA segment was sequenced for one sample from each population. S1 nuclease mapping confirmed the homogeneity of each population with regard to both (ATTTT){sub n} and (AT){sub x}T{sub y} repeats. The authors found three additional structures for (AT){sub x}T{sub y} correlating with the geographic origin of the patients. Ten other nucleotide positions, 5{prime} and 3{prime} to the (AT){sub x}T{sub y} copies, were found to be variable when compared to homologous sequences from human and monkey DNAs. These results allow us to propose an evolutionary scheme for the polymorphisms in the 5{prime} flanking region of the {beta}-globin gene. The results strongly support the hypothesis of three origins for the sickle mutation in Africa.

  20. Nonblack patients with sickle cell disease have African. beta. sup s gene cluster haplotypes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, Z.R.; Powars, D.R.; Williams, W.D. (Univ. of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles (USA)); Kinney, T.R. (Duke Univ., Durham, NC (USA)); Schroeder, W.A. (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena (USA))

    1989-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Of 18 nonblack patients with sickle cell disease, 14 had sickle cell anemia, 2 had hemoglobin SC disease, and 2 had hemoglobin S-{beta}{sup o}-thalassemia. The {beta}{sup s} gene cluster haplotypes that were determined in 7 patients were of African origin and were identified as Central African Republic, Central African Republic minor II, Benin, and Senegal. The haplotype Central African Republic minor II was present on the {beta}{sup o}-thalassemia chromosome in 2 patients. None of 10 patients whose {alpha}-gene status was determined had {alpha}-thalassemia-2. These data strongly support the concept that the {beta}{sup s} gene on chromosome 11 of these individuals is of African origin and that the {alpha}-gene locus on chromosome 16 is of white or native American origin. The clinical severity of the disease in these nonblack patients is appropriate to their haplotype without {alpha}-thalassemia-2 and is comparable with that of black patients. All persons with congenital hemolytic anemia should be examined for the presence of sickle cell disease regardless of physical appearance or ethnic background.

  1. Horizontal well applications in complex carbonate reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rahman, M.; Al-Awami, H.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past four years, Saudi Aramco has drilled over eighty horizontal wells, onshore and offshore. It has successfully applied this technology to develop new reservoirs as well as enhance recovery from its mature fields. This paper presents the reservoir engineering aspects of `horizontal` and `high angle` wells drilled in a major offshore field in Saudi Arabia. It shows how horizontal wells have (a) increased the recovery of bypassed oil, (b) improved well productivity in tight reservoirs, (c) increased production from thin oil zones underlain by water, and (d) improved peripheral injection. The paper discusses the actual performance of the horizontal wells and compares them with offset conventional wells. It presents the results of logging and testing of these wells, and highlights actual field data on (a) relationship between productivity gain and horizontal length, (b) pressure loss along the horizontal wellbore, and (c) effect of heterogeneity on coning an inflow performance.

  2. Aramco gears for mature saudi production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bleakley, W.B.

    1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aramco is encountering the condition of maturing production in some of its prolific fields. A new Exploration and Petroleum Engineering Center and other modern facilities will assist Aramco engineers in solving problems of water production, artificial lift, fluid injection, and others associated with normal reservoir depletion. The Aramco producing operation in Saudi Arabia is in 2 main parts--northern and southern. Reservoirs in the northern part (largely off shore) are generally sandstone, while those to the south are carbonate. The current trend is to produce fields according to reserves, which still gives Ghawar field a huge edge. However, offshore fields are being developed to increase production of medium to heavy crude to replace light from Ghawar to reach the goal of balanced production and reserves. Most of the older fields are under water injection to increase oil recovery. Permeabilities are high, and peripheral patterns are used, with injection wells safely outside the oil-water contacts.

  3. How the world's largest seawater injection system was designed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrison, J.B.; Jorque, M.A.

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The world's largest seawater injection system went on stream in Saudi Arabia in June 1978 to furnish 4.2 million bpd of water for pressure maintenance in the Uthmaniyah sector of the giant Ghawar Field. The operator, Aramco, first began water injection along the flanks in this field in 1966 using gravity injection wells. This gravity system gave way to a pressurized system under a program started in 1973. During this period, the primary source for injection was saline water from the Wasia Aquifer in the Uthmaniyah area. In 1974 it was determined that this aquifer could not supply the design requirement of 4.2 million bpd of saline water. Therefore, it was decided to convert the injection system to seawater obtained from the Arabian Gulf. This required the design and construction of a seawater treating plant and installation of pipelines and intermediate pump stations to transport the water from the treating plant to the existing Uthmaniyah Water Supply Station.

  4. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  5. Ashland puts emphasis on higher technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    It is reported that Ashland will be switching away from commodity-type petroleum projects, such as gasoline, and toward high-technology items, such as synthetic fuels, lubricants and speciality petrochemicals. New projects involved in the shift toward higher technology include a 5,000 bbl/day lubricating-oil plant at Rabigh, Saudi Arabia, the startup of the big new ethanol plant at South Point, Ohio, and the proposed $260 million acquisition of U.S. Filter. Ashland plans to sell some of the ethanol to be produced in the 3,500 bbl/day corn-based plant in Ohio, but will use the ethanol as an octane-boosting component in premium unleaded gasoline.

  6. The post-war Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tempest, P.

    1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

  7. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  8. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  9. Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aljerrah, M.A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

  10. Distribution of Permo-Carboniferous clastics of Greater Arabian basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Laboun, A.A.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Strikingly correlative sequences of sediments composed of sandstones, siltstones, shales, and thin argillaceous carbonate beds are present, practically everywhere, underlying the Late Permian carbonates in the Greater Arabian basin. The Greater Arabian basin as defined here occupies the broad Arabian Shelf that borders the Arabian shield. This basin is composed of several smaller basins. These clastics are exposed as thin bands and scattered small exposures in several localities around the margins of the basin. The Permo-Carboniferous clastics are represented by the Unayzah Formation of Arabia, the Doubayat Group of Syria, the Hazro Formation of southeast Turkey, the Ga'arah Formation of Iraq, the Faraghan Formation of southwest Iran, and the Haushi Group of Oman. A Late Carboniferous-Early Permian age is assigned to these clastics because they contain fossil plants and palynomorphs. These sediments represent time-transgressive fluctuating sea deposits following a phase of regional emergence, erosion, and structural disturbance which preceded the Permian transgression. The basal contact of these clastics is marked by a well-pronounced angular unconformity with various older units, ranging in age from early Carboniferous to late Precambrian. This regional unconformity is probably related to the Hercynian movements. The upper contact is conformable with the Permian carbonates. The porous sandstones of the Permo-Carboniferous sediments are important hydrocarbon exploration targets. These reservoir rocks sometimes overlie mature source rocks and are capped by shales, marls, and tight carbonates. Significant quantities of hydrocarbons are contained in these reservoirs in different parts of the Greater Arabian basin.

  11. Activated carbon cleanup of the acid gas feed to Claus sulfur plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harruff, L.G.; Bushkuhl, S.J. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the details of a recently developed novel process using activated carbon to remove hydrocarbon contaminants from the acid gas feed to Claus sulfur recovery units. Heavy hydrocarbons, particularly benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) have been linked to coke formation and catalyst deactivation in Claus converters. This deactivation results in reduced sulfur recovery and increased sulfur emissions from these plants. This effect is especially evident in split flow Claus plants which bypass some of the acid gas feed stream around the initial combustion step because of a low hydrogen sulfide concentration. This new clean-up process was proven to be capable of removing 95% of the BTX and other C{sub 6}{sup +} hydrocarbons from acid gas over a wide range of actual plant conditions. Following the adsorption step, the activated carbon was easily regenerated using low pressure steam. A post regeneration drying step using plant fuel gas also proved beneficial. This technology was extensively pilot tested in Saudi Aramco`s facilities in Saudi Arabia. Full scale commercial units are planned for two plants in the near future with the first coming on-line in 1997. The process described here represents the first application of activated carbon in this service, and a patent has been applied for. The paper will discuss the pilot plant results and the issues involved in scale-up to commercial size.

  12. Management information systems software evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Tunisi, N.; Ghazzawi, A.; Gruyaert, F.; Clarke, D. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Process and Control Systems Dept.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In November 1993, Saudi Aramco management endorsed a proposal to coordinate the development of the Management Information Systems (MISs) of four concurrent projects for its facilities Controls Modernization Program. The affected projects were the Ras Tanura Refinery Upgrade Project, the Abqaiq Plant Controls Modernization and the Shedgum and Uthmaniyah Gas plants Control Upgrade Projects. All of these projects had a significant requirement of MISs in their scope. Under the leadership of the Process and Control Systems Department, and MIS Coordination Team was formed with representatives of several departments. An MIS Applications Evaluation procedure was developed based on the Kepner Tregoe Decisions Analysis Process and general questionnaires were sent to over a hundred potential Vendors. The applications were divided into several categories, such as: Data Capture and Historization, Human User Interface, Trending, Reporting, Graphic Displays, Data Reconciliation, Statistical Analysis, Expert Systems, Maintenance Applications, Document Management and Operations Planning and Scheduling. For each of the MIS Application areas, detailed follow-up questionnaires were used to short list the candidate products. In May and June 1994, selected Vendors were invited to Saudi Arabia for an Exhibition which was open to all Saudi Aramco employees. In conjunction with this, the Vendors were subjected to a rigorous product testing exercise by independent teams of testers. The paper will describe the methods used and the lessons learned in this extensive software evaluation phase, which was a first for Saudi Aramco.

  13. Saudi Aramco details 1990 surge in oil production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Saudi Arabian Oil Co. that has jumped its crude oil production 29% to an average 6,257,600 b/d last year. That was Saudi Arabia's response to Iraq's Aug. 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing Persian Gulf crisis with its United Nations embargo on Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports. It was Saudi Aramco's biggest average crude oil volume since the 6,327,220 b/d gauged in 1982, according to the company's 1990 annual report. By the end of 1990 Saudi Aramco's maximum sustained production capability was 8.5 million b/d of crude. To meet long term demand, it decided to advance the timetable and increase the scope of a crude oil expansion program adopted in 1989. Reserves at the end of the year were 257.9 billion bbl of crude and 180.5 tcf of dissolved, associated, and non-associated natural gas, compared with 257.5 billion bbl and 180.355 tcf at yearend 1989.

  14. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. (Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the Interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for Integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphases is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  15. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphasis is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  16. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  17. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the Interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for Integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphases is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  18. U.S. energy flow -- 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy consumption in 1994 increased for the fourth year in a row, reaching an all-time high. It was associated with a robust economy, low inflation, and low unemployment rates. Of the populous states, California lagged substantially behind the national recovery. Consumption in all major end-use sectors reached historic highs. Transmission of electrical power by the utilities increased almost 3%. However, this understates the increase of the total amount of electricity used in the nation because the amount of electricity used ``in-house`` by a growing number of self-generators is unrecorded. Imports of both fossil fuels and electricity increased. About half of the total oil consumed was imported, with Saudi Arabia being the principal supplier. Domestic oil production continued to decline; however, the sharp decline in Alaskan production was slowed. The increase in the demand for natural gas was met by both a modest increase in domestic production and imports from Canada, which comprised 10% of supply. The residential/commercial sector is the largest single consumer of natural gas; however, use by electric generators has increased annually for the past decade. The regulated utilities increased their consumption 11% in 1994. The year was noteworthy for the US nuclear power industry. Work was halted on the last nuclear power plant under construction in the country. Because of the retirement of aged and poorly performing nuclear plants and because of improved efficiencies, the capacity factor for the remaining 109 operable plants reached a record 74%.

  19. Nigeria`s oil production behavior: Tests of alternative hypotheses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Awokuse, T.O.; Jones, C.T.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The sudden quadrupling of world oil prices in 1973-1974 marked the beginning of several formal inquiries by economists into the production behavior of members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Interest in the organization was further heightened in 1979 when nominal oil prices further doubled. However, oil market analysts have differed in their evaluation of OPEC`s role in the determination of world oil prices. Most energy economists have modeled OPEC as a cartel. Morris Adelman has suggested that OPEC`s true nature lies somewhere between two polar cases of a dominant-firm industry and an imperfect, market-sharing cartel. In the former case, one large, dominant firm (i.e., Saudi Arabia) serves as the {open_quotes}swing producer,{close_quotes} allowing other cartel members and non-OPEC oil producers to produce whatever they wished, controlling the market price by itself through its own output adjustments. The latter case of an imperfect market-sharing cartel is a loose collusive arrangement in which all members agree on an acceptable price level and individual output shares for each producer. Adelman believes that OPEC wobbles between these two cases, depending upon market conditions.

  20. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  1. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  2. HYDROPHOBIC CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPOSITE INSULATORS IN SIMULATED INLAND ARID DESERT ENVIRONMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, Yasin; Al-Arainy, Abdulrehman Ali; Malik, Nazar Hussain; Qureshi, Muhammad Iqbal [Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh 11421 (Saudi Arabia)

    2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Presently along with traditional insulators i.e. glass and porcelain, etc., the polymeric insulators are also used world widely. These polymeric insulators are very sensitive to various environmental parameters e.g. UV radiations, heat, etc. The UV radiation level in the central region of Saudi Arabia is high as compared to the recommended IEC-61109 standard for the accelerated aging of the composite insulators. In this study, thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) and Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) insulators were subjected to accelerated aging stress as per IEC standard as well as modified IEC standard simulating the inland arid desert's atmospheric conditions. The hydrophobic characteristics were studied by measuring the contact angle along the insulator surface before and after the accelerated aging of the samples. It was found that TPE loses its hydrophobic properties more as compared to EPDM insulator. This loss was proportional to the intensity of UV irradiation. The rate of recovery is also low for both the tested materials as compared to Silicone Rubber insulators.

  3. Heterogeneous Chemistry of Individual Mineral Dust Particles from Different Dust Source Regions: The Importance of Particle Mineralogy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krueger, Brenda J.; Grassian, Vicki H.; Cowin, James P.; Laskin, Alexander

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The heterogeneous chemistry of individual dust particles from four different dust source regions is investigated on a particle-by-particle basis using state-of-the-art scanning electron microscopy techniques including computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy/computer-controlled X-ray analysis (CCSEM/EDX). Morphology and compositional changes of individual particles as they react with nitric acid are observed. Clear differences in the reactivity of mineral dusts from these four different dust regions with nitric acid could be observed. Mineral dust from source regions containing high levels of calcium, such as those found in parts of China and Saudi Arabia, are found to react to the greatest extent. Calcium containing minerals, such as calcite (CaCO3) and dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2), react to form nitrate salt whereas other calcium containing minerals such as gypsum (CaSO4?2H2O) do not react. The importance of particle chemical composition and mineralogy in the heterogeneous chemistry of mineral dust aerosols is definitively borne out in this study of individual dust particles.

  4. How can we build an oil reserve without offending the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1980-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Congress has ordered the Department of Energy to resume filling the strategic oil reserves at about the same 100,000 barrels of crude oil a day as the government fields at Elk Hills, California produce. Pressure to increase this amount while a world surplus exists will be strong, even though members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have threatened to reduce their production if the US takes such action. The concept of a strategic reserve of 750 million barrels (a 90-day supply) first emerged as a way to separate foreign-policy decisions from foreign-oil supplies. The present level of 92 million barrels (12-13-days imports), however, has made the reserve a political issue. Delays were caused by a combination of site problems, budget cuts, market disruptions, and policy changes. The debate centers on timing - when the US should return to the market to continue filling the storage sites. US relations with Saudi Arabia are sensitive to Middle East peace agreements, the security of Saudi Arabian territory, and the security of Saudi Arabian production levels. The foreign-policy implications and their severity are disputed. (DCK)

  5. Comparative analysis of Nigerian international oil marketing model (NIOMM) and the models of four selected OPEC members; and a proposed new model for Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Udeke, O.O.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study demonstrates that NIOMM has deficiencies and, as a result, has affected the progress of Nigeria's political and socio-economic development. One finding is that Nigeria is beset with ineffective planning, lack of marketing expertise, and inadequate marketing strategies. Other findings show that: (1) the Nigerian oil industry (HOI) is suffering from mismanagement stemming from corruption, tribalism, Federal Character Policy, and lack of dedication and patriotism by the Nigerian workers; (2) there is inefficiency in the Nigerian national petroleum corporation (NNPC) but, at the same time, the inefficiency is partly because of the government policies, conflicts, interference by high government officials and politicians, and the enormous size of the oil industry; (3) oil revenues are improperly utilized; (4) neither the multinational oil corporations (MNOCs) nor multinational corporations (MNCs) are assisting the oil producing nations (OPNs) or developing countries (DCs) in their economic development, and MNOCs and MNCs are interested in profit maximization; and (5) MNCs do not transfer the type of technology that meets the needs of DCs, and sometimes the technology creates problems for DCs which ultimately results into conflicts between MNCs and DCs. The inverse of these problems has been a sine qua non for success in the IOMMs of the four OPEC member, especially in Saudi Arabia.

  6. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  7. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  8. Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.S.S. (Bahrain National Oil Co., Awali (Bahrain))

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

  9. Everything depends on the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sauer, J.W. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (US))

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that oil markets are at their lowest level in 18 months, since before the Persian Gulf crisis. What is remarkable is that the world oil industry is producing essentially at capacity, yet OPEC shows no sign of taking advantage of this situation to drive up prices. Rather, commodity market forces are quickly exploiting any short-term surplus or shortage, and the oil market is exposed to continuing price volatility. Oil market uncertainties - the return of Iraqi and Kuwaiti production, prospects for exports from former Soviet republics, and the fragility of economic recovery - appear bigger than normal and threaten to oversupply markets in the spring when oil demand declines seasonally. The downward trend in world oil prices that began in November may continue into the second quarter of 1992. However, by the second half an economic recovery may be underway. If that happens, demand should grow and the market firm. At any rate, prices in 1992 may be more stable than commonly expected, because Saudi Arabia does not seem to want prices much above or below 1991 levels. That would be a range of $20 - $21 for WTI.

  10. Lidar Measurements of the Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Optical and Physical Properties over Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Boris B.; Sverdlik, Leonid G.; Imashev, Sanjar A.; Solomon, Paul A.; Lantz, Jeffrey; Schauer, James J.; Shafer, Martin M.; Artamonova, Maria S.; Carmichael, Gregory R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vertical structure of aerosol optical and physical properties was measured by Lidar in Eastern Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, from June 2008 to May 2009. Lidar measurements were supplemented with surface-based measurements of PM2.5and PM10mass and chemical composition in both size fractions. Dust transported into the region is common, being detected 33% of the time. The maximum frequency occurred in the spring of 2009. Dust transported to Central Asia comes from regional sources, for example, Taklimakan desert and Aral Sea basin, and from long-range transport, for example, deserts of Arabia, Northeast Africa, Iran, and Pakistan. Regional sources are characterized by pollutionmoretransport with maximum values of coarse particles within the planetary boundary layer, aerosol optical thickness, extinction coefficient, integral coefficient of aerosol backscatter, and minimum values of the ngstrm exponent. Pollution associated with air masses transported over long distances has different characteristics during autumn, winter, and spring. During winter, dust emissions were low resulting in high values of the ngstrm exponent (about 0.51) and the fine particle mass fraction (64%). Dust storms were more frequent during spring with an increase in coarse dust particles in comparison to winter. The aerosol vertical profiles can be used to lower uncertainty in estimating radiative forcing.less

  11. Performance prediction using geostatistics and window reservoir simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fontanilla, J.P.; Al-Khalawi, A.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Johnson, S.G.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is the first window model study in the northern area of a large carbonate reservoir in Saudi Arabia. It describes window reservoir simulation with geostatistics to model uneven water encroachment in the southwest producing area of the northern portion of the reservoir. In addition, this paper describes performance predictions that investigate the sweep efficiency of the current peripheral waterflood. A 50 x 50 x 549 (240 m. x 260 m. x 0.15 m. average grid block size) geological model was constructed with geostatistics software. Conditional simulation was used to obtain spatial distributions of porosity and volume of dolomite. Core data transforms were used to obtain horizontal and vertical permeability distributions. Simple averaging techniques were used to convert the 549-layer geological model to a 50 x 50 x 10 (240 m. x 260 m. x 8 m. average grid block size) window reservoir simulation model. Flux injectors and flux producers were assigned to the outermost grid blocks. Historical boundary flux rates were obtained from a coarsely-ridded full-field model. Pressure distribution, water cuts, GORs, and recent flowmeter data were history matched. Permeability correction factors and numerous parameter adjustments were required to obtain the final history match. The permeability correction factors were based on pressure transient permeability-thickness analyses. The prediction phase of the study evaluated the effects of infill drilling, the use of artificial lifts, workovers, horizontal wells, producing rate constraints, and tight zone development to formulate depletion strategies for the development of this area. The window model will also be used to investigate day-to-day reservoir management problems in this area.

  12. Major events in the late Precambrian to early Triassic geohistory of the Arabian Peninsula

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stump, T.E.; Connally, T.C.; Van der Eem, J.G.L.A. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The late Precambrian to Early Triassic of the Arabian Peninsula occur in five supergroups. Their geohistory resulted from sedimentation along fluvial to midshelf facies tracts, eustatic oscillation and periodic uplift. The first supergroup, Plate Precambrian-Middle Cambrian, includes the Siq/Salib and Yatib formations. Deposited by north-eastward-flowing braided streams, they eroded and buried an Arabian shield topography. The Saq Formation lies in angular unconformity on the Siq which documents early Middle Cambrian uplift. Supergroup two, Middle Cambrian-middle Caradocian, the Burj and Saq formations, the Hanadir, Kahfah, and Ra'an members, Qasim Formation, were deposited on a stable continental margin in fluvio-deltaic to midshelf settings. Coastal onlap occurred in the Middle Cambrian, early Llanvirn, middle Llandeilo and early Caradoc. Middle Caradocian uplift deeply eroded parts of central and southern Arabia. Supergroup three of middle Caradocian-early Llandoverian are the Quwarah Member, Qasim Formation and the Zarqa/Sarah formations. They were deposited in a fluvio-deltaic shallow shelf. Late Ashgill uplift, combined with glacially induced sea level lowering, incised valleys up to 2000 ft (610 m) deep. Supergroup four, early Llandovery-Middle Carboniferous, includes the Qalibah, Tawil, Jauf, Jubah and Berwath formations. They were deposited in a fluvio-deltaic marine, river dominated system. The Quysaiba and Sharawra members, Qalibah Formation, were the offshore clays and prodelta sands, the Tawil-Jubah were the fluvial to delta front, and the Berwath the delta plain facies. Deep pre-Tawil erosion documents late Silurian-Early Devonian uplift. The fifth supergroup are the Juwayl, Unayzah, Khuff and Sudair formations. The first two units were deposited in a glacio-fluvial system which eroded and infilled a Hercynian topography. The Khuff transgression occurred during the Artinsklan-Tartarian and the Early Triassic regressive Sudair documents renewed uplift.

  13. Characterization and significance of a stylolitic fracture system determined from horizontal core and borehole imaging data, Hanifa Reservoir, Abqaiq Field (SA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T.; Grover, G. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Wiltse, E. [Schlumberger, Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field, eastern Saudi Arabia, consists of microporous (up to 30% porosity) lime mudstones with low matrix permeability (< 10 md). SEM imagery reveals a crystal framework texture of micro-rhombic calcite crystals with 2-5 {mu}m-sized intercrystalline pore spaces. Fluid transmissibility was preliminarily identified as via fractures as indicated by no stratigraphic predictability to fluid flow, high flow over thin stratigraphic intervals, little relationship between high flow and high porosity intervals, large disparity between core Kh and well-test Kh, and observation offractures in cores and borehole imaging logs front horizontal Hanifa wells. Integration of descriptions from over 4000 fractures observed in borehole images together with descriptions of over 500 fractures identified from vertica1 and horizontal cores has resulted in further characterization of the fracture system. The fractures are open to partially-open, with an east-to northeast orientation, and they cluster in low porosity zones which are characterized by intense stylolitization. These sub-parallel, nearly vertical, discontinuous fractures terminate at stylolites, or pinchout locally into tight carbonate matrix, and contain appreciable amounts of dead oil and calcite cement. In zones of particularly intense stylolitization, fracturing may be locally pervasive, giving the rock a brecciated appearance. Together, the stylolites and stylolite-related fractures form the primary permeability system ofthe Hanifa reservoir. This fracture system architecture is critical to understanding the production characteristics of the reservoir, which include anomalously high fluid flow in low porosity zones or transition zones between high and low porosity, radial flow behavior from well tests, smaller than expected differences in well productivity between vertical and horizontal wells, and limited injection water breakthrough.

  14. Polycrystalline thin-film technology: Recent progress in photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, R.L.; Zweibel, K.; Ullal, H.S.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polycrystalline thin films have made significant technical progress in the past year. Three of these materials that have been studied extensively for photovoltaic (PV) power applications are copper indium diselenide (CuInSe{sub 2}), cadmium telluride (CdTe), and thin-film polycrystalline silicon (x-Si) deposited on ceramic substrates. The first of these materials, polycrystalline thin-film CuInSe{sub 2}, has made some rapid advances in terms of high efficiency and long-term reliability. For CuInSe{sub 2} power modules, a world record has been reported on a 0.4-m{sup 2} module with an aperture-area efficiency of 10.4% and a power output of 40.4 W. Additionally, outdoor reliability testing of CuInSe{sub 2} modules, under both loaded and open-circuit conditions, has resulted in only minor changes in module performance after more than 1000 days of continuous exposure to natural sunlight. CdTe module research has also resulted in several recent improvements. Module performance has been increased with device areas reaching nearly 900 cm{sup 2}. Deposition has been demonstrated by several different techniques, including electrodeposition, spraying, and screen printing. Outdoor reliability testing of CdTe modules was also carried out under both loaded and open-circuit conditions, with more than 600 days of continuous exposure to natural sunlight. These tests were also encouraging and indicated that the modules were stable within measurement error. The highest reported aperture-area module efficiency for CdTe modules is 10%; the semiconductor material was deposited by electrodeposition. A thin-film CdTe photovoltaic system with a power output of 54 W has been deployed in Saudi Arabia for water pumping. The Module Development Initiative has made significant progress in support of the Polycrystalline Thin-Film Program in the past year, and results are presented in this paper.

  15. Three Blind Men and the Elephant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, J S

    2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change by itself will fail to gather b