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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

The Principal Environmental Factors Influencing Holocene Sedimentation and Diagenesis in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Persian Gulf is a marginal sea with an average ... bathymetric morphologies of Arabia and Iran. The Persian Gulf has a gently inclined sea floor lacking...

B. H. Purser; E. Seibold

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Solea stanalandi, a new sole from the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new soleid flatfish,Solea stanalandi..., is described from two specimens collected in 1–7 m in the Persian Gulf near Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. It is...

John E. Randall; Linda J. McCarthy

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Persian Gulf: their oil, our need  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The degree of reliance of the US on Persian Gulf petroleum as well as problems facing Persian Gulf nations are addressed in this report. While US dependency on oil imports from Saudi Arabia is down, Japan and other western allies are very dependent on Saudi oil. The consequences of being deprived of Persian Gulf oil are described. The status and implications of the Iran-Iraq war are discussed in detail. The Arab countries in the region fear attacks on their oil fields by enemies and have developed a regional point defense strategy involving Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. OPEC's role in the area is described. The possibility of US intervention if needed to keep the Strait of Hormuz open and to protect the Gulf states from violence is also addressed. (DMC)

Brossard, E.B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Survey to assess Persian Gulf spill effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that an international group is poised for an extensive survey of the Persian Gulf, including an assessment of the long term effects of last year's oil spill, a legacy of the Persian Gulf war. Saudi Arabia plans a $450 million cleanup program on beaches fouled by the massive spill. Plans for the survey were disclosed by the United National Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco). It is to be carried out under the auspices of the Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment (Ropme), Unesco's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Ropme member countries are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

Not Available

1992-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

5

Improving Persian Text Classification Using Persian Thesaurus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes an innovative approach to improve the performance of Persian text classification. The proposed method uses a thesaurus as a helpful knowledge to obtain the ... Three types of relationships are...

Hamid Parvin; Behrouz Minaei-Bidgoli…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

NIH panel rejects Persian Gulf Syndrome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... health survey be carried out of the nearly 700,000 individuals who served in the Persian ...PersianGulf ...

Helen Gavaghan

1994-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

7

Geostrategic importance of Persian Gulf.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis which is submitted for the award of the PhD, tries to analyze the Geostrategic Importance of the Persian Gulf Region. The Middle East… (more)

Ashrafpour, Ashraf

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Improving Persian Text Classification and Clustering Using Persian Thesaurus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes an innovative approach to improve the classification performance of Persian texts. The proposed method uses a thesaurus as a helpful knowledge to obtain more ... of word relationships are cons...

Hamid Parvin; Atousa Dahbashi; Sajad Parvin…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Geophysics and Oceanology in the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Kingdom on May 31 after a series of surveys, respectively in the Indian Ocean and Persian ...PersianGulf ...

1962-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

10

A passive solar test facility for Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A passive solar test facility has been designed for Dammam, Saudi Arabia. It will be located on the campus of King Faisal University, adjacent to the Persian Gulf. This maritime desert climate is terribly sevre, and one for which it is a formidable challenge to design a year around thermally efficient building. This facility incorporates seven different passive strategies: proper orientation, operable shading for windows, flow-through ventilation, externally insulated thermal mass, wind tower with direct evaporative cooling, indirect evaporative cooling through a double shell, and solar water heating. Construction should begin in June of 1983. Upon completion, the building will be monitored for at least two years.

Woods, P.K.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Persian Gulf and the national interest. Professional paper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With gasoline lines a fading memory, it is easy for Americans to misinterpret the energy crisis as overinflated, and even easier to underestimate the importance of the Persian Gulf. Yet, it was just two years ago that former President Carter designated the Persian Gulf as a region of vital national interest. His purpose, in what came to be known as the Carter Doctrine, was to help ensure the steady flow of petroleum to the world market. President Reagan has subsequently confirmed that policy by increasing the U.S. military presence in the Inidan Ocean, strengthening the Rapid Deployment Force (RDF), and selling AWACS and other advanced military equipment to Saudi Arabia. What seemed to be a sensible policy direction with the turmoil in Iran, skyrocketing oil prices, and the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan, has come under increasing criticism in the light of today's plentiful supplies of oil. A growing chorus of optimists argues that reliance on the unfettered market will give us a future of abundant energy and freedom from dependence on oil imports.

Wilson, D.P.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Meteorology of the Persian Gulf and Mekran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... UTNTIL after an international aerial route had been established along the Persian coast, meteorological information for this region was very scanty; the systematic study of its ... Ocean.

E. V. N.

1932-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

13

Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf January - June 2013 | Release Date: August 29, 2013 | Next Release Date: February 27, 2014 2013 Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf Highlights It should be noted that several factors influence the source of a company's crude oil imports. For example, a company like Motiva, which is partly owned by Saudi Refining Inc., would be expected to import a large percentage from the Persian Gulf, while Citgo Petroleum Corporation, which is owned by the Venezuelan state oil company, would not be expected to import a large percentage from the Persian Gulf, since most of their imports likely come from Venezuela. In addition, other factors that influence a specific company's sources of crude oil imports would include the characteristics of various crude oils as well as a company's economic

14

The Recent Sedimentary Facies of the Persian Gulf Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article The Recent Sedimentary Facies of the Persian Gulf Region G. Evans The Persian Gulf, which is a shallow marginal sea of the Indian...narrow submarine shelf. The deeper trough of the Persian Gulf lying along the Persian Coast seaward of the...

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Three-dimensional numerical modeling of thermohaline and wind-driven circulations in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Persian Gulf circulation is investigated with respect to the relevant forcing mechanism including wind stress and thermohaline surface fluxes by using a three-dimensional numerical hydrodynamic model. The model results show a correlation between the strength of the bottom layer outflow of the Persian Gulf and that of the Indian Ocean Surface Water (IOSW) inflow into the Gulf. The inflow of IOSW into the Gulf attain maximum values in May–June in conjunction with peak bottom outflow through the Hormuz Strait. The results of sensitivity experiment indicate that circulation is dominated by thermohaline flows at almost all parts of the Gulf. The heat fluxes play an essential role on the general circulation of the Persian Gulf. In spring and summer, the wind stress generates southeast-flowing surface currents of magnitude about 5 cm/s along the Saudi Arabia and Iranian coasts on the northern Gulf. In winter and autumn, due to weak static stability, the wind produces mesoscale eddies in most parts of the Gulf. In winter and spring the wind stress acts to reinforce the thermohaline circulation of deep outflow. Conversely, in summer and autumn the wind forcing acts in opposition to the thermohaline forcing and causes a bottom inflow from Oman Sea into the Gulf.

F. Hosseinibalam; S. Hassanzadeh; A. Rezaei-Latifi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Mercury speciation in the Persian Gulf sediments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concentrations of total mercury (Hg) and methyl mercury (MMHg) were determined in 78 marine sediments in the Iranian coastal waters of the Persian Gulf along nine transects perpendicular to the coastline....?...

Homira Agah; Marc Elskens…

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Recent ostracods from the Persian gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fourteen bottom samples from the north-western part of the Persian Gulf (Iranian side), ranging in depth from...Aglaiocypris pellucida, Cytherella bigemina, Cytherella retroflexa, Cytherella sericea, Heinzmalzina...

Nasser Mostafawi

18

Benthic foraminifer communities of the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eighteen types of benthic foraminifer communities inhabiting depths of 0–200 m are described for the Persian Gulf including the analysis of 269 sampling sites....3 and Corg in the bottom sediments.

Kh. M. Saidova

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Recent Celestine from the Sediments of the Trucial Coast of the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... by the Geology Department of Imperial College, London, on the Recent deposits of the Persian ...PersianGulf ...

G. EVANS; D. J. SHEARMAN

1964-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

20

Association of Dolomite and Anhydrite in the Recent Sediments of the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... forming part of a programme of research on the Recent sediments of the Trucial Coast, Persian ...PersianGulf ...

R. CURTIS; G. EVANS; D. J. J. KINSMAN; D. J. SHEARMAN

1963-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Origin of the Coastal Flats, the Sabkha, of the Trucial Coast, Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the Sheikdom of Abu Dhabi, Trucial States, in the south-western part of the Persian ...PersianGulf ...

G. EVANS; C. G. St. C. KENDALL; PATRICK SKIPWITH

1964-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

22

Nowzari et al. Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25 Nowzari et al. · Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD ASS (EQUUS HEMIONUS ONAGER) IN QA- TROUYEH NATIONAL PARK, IRAN HANIYEH NOWZARI, Department of Environment, Abadeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadeh, Iran. Address: No.475, 90 alley, Ghasrodasht Av

Rubenstein, Daniel I.

23

Distribution and Ultrastructure of Holocene Ooids in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ooids occur in many different environments in the Persian Gulf; blackened relict ooids are common at depths ... coastal areas in the S parts of the Persian Gulf in which they appear to be forming...

J.-P. Loreau; B. H. Purser

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Aeolian Admixtures in the Sediments of the Northern Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Composition of the sediments of the northernmost parts of the Persian Gulf was compared with that of the fallout ... of considerable quantities of aeolian material in certain Persian Gulf deposits. The following ...

Zdenek Kukal; Adnan Saadallah

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysts agree that the Persian Gulf region will continue tos oil imports. 17 The Persian Gulf region is particularlyaccess to oil from the Persian Gulf because of conflict

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

A Metallurgical Expedition through the Persian Desert  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experi-ment was entrusted to Mohammad-Bagher Saidi, foreman of the Anjileh lead mines near Yazd. We were well acquainted with Saidi from our pre-vious journeys in southern...furnace that resulted was the product of Saidi's expertise in traditional Per-sian...

Theodore A. Wertime

1968-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts Dr. Tom O'Donnell Friday, 12:00 ­ 2:48 PM Room 125, Mendenhall Laboratory (Brazil, Russia, India and China) will end U.S. supremacy in the dollar based oil market? Lastly, we

O'Donnell, Tom

28

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lesser, I.O. , 1997. Persian Gulf myths. Foreign AffairsStrategy and the Persian Gulf. The Brookings Institution,spending on defense of the Persian Gulf is in fact related

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

United States military strategy in the Persian Gulf. Study project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The importance of Persian Gulf oil, in the context of United States national security has been demonstrated in recent political, economic, and military terms. Substantial United States military resources have been devoted to maintain national security interests in the Persian Gulf region. This paper analyzes the United States military strategy designed to insure the US and its allies continued access to Persian Gulf oil and to suggest alternatives for possible improvement. Although the focus is on US military strategy in the Persian Gulf, it also covers others aspects of US national security policy and strategy. US military policy in the Persian Gulf is derived from a complex process that inextricably links the elements of national strategy with the elements of national power. Conclusions about US policy and strategy in the Persian Gulf that are properly focused and logical require an understanding of US interests and their priorities; US strategies and their feasibility; plus US capabilities and their limitations.

Whitehead, E.E.

1989-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

30

Fish Ecology of the Red Sea and Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Among the important factors of Red Sea and Persian Gulf ecology are the following: A. The Red Sea is a deep basin with warm surfa...

H. Steinitz

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Disease and Suspicion after the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1990 the United States and its allies sent close to a million troops to the Persian Gulf. Fewer than 150 Americans died during the six-week war against Iraq, but many veterans now fear that the Persian Gulf War ruined their health. Six years later, there is wide publicity about excess disease and... In 1990 the United States and its allies sent close to a million troops to the Persian Gulf. Fewer than 150 Americans died during the six-week war against Iraq,1 but many veterans now fear that the Persian Gulf War ruined their health. Six years later, ...

Campion E.W.

1996-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

32

Water Mass Formation and Circulation in the Persian Gulf and Water Exchange with the Indian Ocean.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Persian Gulf is a shallow, semi-enclosed marginal sea where the Persian Gulf Water (PGW), one of the most saline water masses in the world,… (more)

Yao, Fengchao

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The Persian Gulf Basin: Geological history, sedimentary formations, and petroleum potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Persian Gulf Basin is the richest region of the ... Foredeep, which is a member of the Persian Gulf Basin. During the most part of the...

A. I. Konyuhov; B. Maleki

34

Strategic plan for the Persian Gulf region: Options for deterring and/or defeating an emerging threat. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Persian Gulf region is, in all likelihood, going to remain crucial to American interests through the next several decades. The world depends on the petroleum reserves of the Gulf region to fuel its economic engine. The recent history of the region has been rife with conflict, and the U.S. has had to intervene militarily on several occasions to ensure its vital interests were protected. This thesis examines the strategic circumstances in the Gulf region and ways in which American political, diplomatic, and military policy can help shape the environment to conform to its interests. Several scenarios are developed which attempt to forecast the results of different environments on regional stability. The thesis reaches the conclusion that the United States must take a proactive role if its short- and long-term interests are to be protected. The short-term goal of U.S. policy must be to maintain a balance of power and regional correlation of forces which serves to deter any would-be aggressor nations. In the long run, the United States must seek a comprehensive regional peace. Various methods of achieving these goals are examined....Persian Gulf, Arms Proliferation, Strategic Planning, Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC, Regional Deterrence, Middle East, Arms Control, Scenario Development, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Regional Security Strategy.

Ward, M.W.

1992-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

35

Corporate Social Responsibility in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Abstrakt Oppgaven utforsker forstćelsen av bedriftenes samfunnsansvar (CSR) i Saudi Arabia og sammenligner denne forstćelsen med den internasjonale diskursen av samme felt. For ć definere… (more)

Gravem, Ole Magnus Berlin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.Gordon. Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, 'Oman, and Central

Alissa, Reem IR

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Oil Production Capacity Expansion Costs for the Persian Gulf  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

TR/0606 TR/0606 Distribution Category UC-950 Oil Production Capacity Expansion Costs For The Persian Gulf January 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration Oil Production Capacity Expansion Costs for the Persian Gulf iii Preface Oil Production Capacity Expansion Costs for the Persian Gulf provides estimates of development and operating costs for various size fields in countries surrounding the Persian

38

Simulated Climatology of Atmospheric Ducts Over the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simulated climatology of ducts in the Persian Gulf area was produced with the MM3 atmospheric ... boundary layer prevented duct formation. Over the Gulf in the season, duct coverage was complete ... from north-...

M. Zhu; B. W. Atkinson

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

The Persian Gulf War's impact on Americans' political information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Does war increase Americans' normally low levels of political information? Data from the Center for Political Studies' Political Consequences of War Study, which plumbed Americans' information about the Persian Gulf

Stephen Earl Bennett

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

The Structural and Geomorphic Evolution of the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The origin of the present-day morphology of the Persian Gulf has been studied and is summarized in figure 3. The Gulf is a tectonic basin of late Pliocene ... . There is evidence over much of the Gulf of interfer...

P. Kassler

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Iran and the continuing crisis in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Iran is attempting to return to its pre-Islamic revolution stage of regional hegemony in the Persian Gulf. During the 1980's, Iran alienated ... the adoption of a neutral stance during the Gulf War of 1991, actin...

Keith McLachlan Dr.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

U.S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian-Gulf Oil For Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

United States and the Persian Gulf Conflict, Policy AnalysisU.S. oil interests in the Persian Gulf. 14 The U.S. DefenseStrategy and the Persian Gulf, The Brookings Institution,

Delucchi, Mark A.; Murphy, James

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

The acoustical performance of mosques' main prayer hall geometry in the eastern province, Saudi arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arabia H. Hossam Eldien and H. Al Qahtani Dammam Univ., P O Box 2397, 31451 Dammam, Saudi Arabia hany

Boyer, Edmond

44

Recent Intertidal and Nearshore Carbonate Sedimentation around Rock Highs, E Qatar, Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Terrestrial morphology around the southern side of the Persian Gulf, especially in Qatar, is often characterized ... occur in the subtidal environment elsewhere in the Persian Gulf. Most of these features probabl...

E. A. Shinn

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

A Modeling Study of Circulation and Eddies in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The circulation and mesoscale eddies in the Persian Gulf are investigated using results from a high-resolution (?1 km) Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). The circulation in the Persian Gulf is composed of two spatial scales: basin scale and ...

Prasad G. Thoppil; Patrick J. Hogan

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Molecular diversity of coral reef-associated zoanthids off Qeshm Island, northern Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Persian Gulf, a semi-enclosed sea in the subtropical ... Qeshm Island, the largest island in the Persian Gulf, was investigated for the first time....Zoanthus sansibaricus (n = 12) with five morphotypes, Paly...

Atoosa Noori Koupaei; Pargol Ghavam Mostafavi…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Tectonics of the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, and Southern Pakistan Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Persian Gulf has major economic importance because of oil ... , the two geological provinces which border the Persian Gulf (Fig. 1). Bordering the Gulf of Oman on the east are the...

Kees A. De Jong

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Numerical modeling of Persian Gulf salinity variations due to tidal effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerical modeling of salinity changes in marine environment of Persian Gulf is investigated in this paper. Computer simulation ... in arbitrary and complex geometries, such as Persian Gulf domain. The results of...

S. R. Sabbagh Yazdi

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Abundance of demersal sh resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abundance of demersal Âąsh resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea T. Valinassab*P , R in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. Samples were taken at a total of 316 trawl stations selected following a strati demersal Âąsh biomass was estimated to be approximately 73,000 tonnes in Persian Gulf waters

Pierce, Graham

50

Abstract B137: Cancer in population exposed to the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cancer in population exposed to the Persian Gulf War Alireza Mosavi-Jarrahi The...events that occurred during the Persian Gulf War made a severe impact on the...crude oil were released into the Persian Gulf from tankers and oil terminals...

Alireza Mosavi?Jarrahi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 6 (2006) 325326 The genus Owenia (Annelida: Polychaeta) in the Persian Gulf,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) in the Persian Gulf, with description of Owenia persica sp. nov. Daniel Martina,Ă?, Byoung-Seoul Kohb , Michel on the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf. Two previous reports of Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje from the Gulf epithet refers to the type locality in the Persian Gulf. Type material Holotype (MNCN 16.01/10390) and 10

Martin, Daniel

52

Environmental Impact on Chemical/Oil Spill in the Persian Gulf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Environmental Impact on Chemical/Oil Spill in the Persian Gulf Peter C. Chu1 , Charles L assimilation scheme, for operational planners. Keywords: Chemical Spill, Oil Spill, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, COAMPS, NCOM, HPAC, CHEMMAP, OILMAP 1. Introduction The Persian Gulf, also known as the Arabian

Chu, Peter C.

53

Stress and stressors of the early phases of the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...stressors of the early phases of the Persian Gulf War Robert K Gifford * Robert J...evaluating the stresses of the Persian Gulf War (PGW) today, we have the...2. Stressors of the early Persian Gulf War Importantly, on the whole...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Protecting steel in concrete in the Persian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The climate and geomorphology of the Persian Gulf make it one of the world's most severe environments for reinforced concrete. The concrete mix ingredients are usually contaminated with chloride, and the environment around reinforced concrete structures also contains salts, both under- and above-ground. Prevailing high temperatures also promote rapid rates of corrosion. Fusion-bonded epoxy-coated rebar, polyvinyl butyral-based coated rebar, calcium nitrile corrosion-inhibiting admixture, and microsilica are reviewed as corrosion prevention measures for steel in concrete for Persian Gulf service. Detrimental effects and user-friendliness are discussed.

Matta, Z.G. (Specialised Industries Ltd., Sharjah (United Arab Emirates))

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Airpower and the emerging U.S. security framework for the Persian Gulf ; Air power and the emerging United States security framework for the Persian Gulf .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The role of airpower in the Persian Gulf security framework is approaching an important crossroads as old missions end, strategic assumptions change, and uncertain requirements… (more)

Wallace, Charles J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":25,"lon":45,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

57

Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments January 19, 2007 - 10:38am Addthis Furthers Strategic Energy Dialogue between the Nations and Highlights U.S. - Saudi Scientific Innovation RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today continued his six-nation visit to the Middle East and Europe with a two-day stop in Saudi Arabia where he met with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali Ibrahim Al-Naimi to discuss joint energy cooperation. Secretary Bodman also toured the King Abdul-Aziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and will tour the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology during his visit. "The United States and Saudi Arabia enjoy a relationship of global

58

Department of Defense Kuwait oil fire health risk assessment. (The 'Persian Gulf Veterans' registry'). Background paper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Second report prepared in response to P.L. 102-585--the Persian Gulf War Veterans' Health Status Act. (First report focused on the VA 'Persian Gulf War Veterans' Health Registry.') Assesses whether DoD's response 'meets the provisions of the law under which it was mandated,' assesses its 'potential utility ... for scientific study and assessment of the intermediate and long-term health consequences of military service in the Persian Gulf theater of operations during the Persian Gulf War,' and addresses some other related questions.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

British policy towards the Red Sea and Persian Gulf, 1757-1914; -.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The present work deals with the study of British policy towards the Red Sea and Persian Gulf during the Period 1757-1914 AD. This period is… (more)

Neelofar Firdous

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

A neoclassical realist analysis of American ‘dual containment’ policy in the Persian Gulf: 1991-2001.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis examines the American policy of ‘dual containment’: the assumption by the US of a predominant role in the security system of the Persian… (more)

Edwards, Alex

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Postwar Hospitalization Experience of U.S. Veterans of the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the Persian Gulf War, there were far fewer combat and medical casualties among U.S. military personnel than expected.– Since returning from the Persian Gulf, however, some veterans have reported a variety of symptoms.– The Departments of Defense, Veterans Affairs, and Health and Human Services... During the Persian Gulf War, there were far fewer combat and medical casualties among U.S. military personnel than expected.1–7 Since returning from the Persian Gulf, however, some veterans have reported a variety of symptoms.7–9 The Departments of ...

Gray G.C.; Coate B.D.; Anderson C.M.

1996-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

62

The future of the U.S. Navy in the Persian Gulf .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis analyzes a range of possible future scenarios governing security conditions in the Persian Gulf, in order to determine future requirements for forward-deployed Naval… (more)

Johnson, Austin C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Two new species of Echinobothrium van Beneden, 1849 (Cestoda: Diphyllidea) from the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two new species of diphyllidean cestodes are described from the Persian Gulf, Echinobothrium persiense n. sp. from Rhinobatos punctifer Compagno & Randall and Echinobothrium hormozganiense n. sp. ...

Mohammad Haseli; Masoumeh Malek; Harry W. Palm…

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Appendicularia from the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study, I intend to show how our knowledge of the appendicularians living in the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf developed.

R. Fenaux

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

SCOPE CHINA SCOPE CHINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCOPE CHINA SCOPE CHINA 92030006 86-351-7010700 86-351-7010700 E-mail: scope #12;SCOPE-ZHONGYU ENvirONmENtal FOrUm 2012 October 11-14, 2012 Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, China Chair of Environmental Development Dr. Shu Sun, Academician, President of SCOPE CAST China Former Vice President

Wang, Wei Hua

66

Port employment in eastern Saudi Arabia: problems and prospects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Social, cultural and economic influences have combined to create a shortage of national manpower in Saudi Arabia. This study aims to investigate the extent of… (more)

Al-Nughimshi, Abdullah M

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

BOOK REVIEW: To appear in Middle East Journal (MEJ) Summer 2010 International Relations of the Persian Gulf,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Persian Gulf, Cambridge University Press, 2010 By: F. Gregory Gause III Reviewed by Thomas W. O the standard for discourse about Persian Gulf international affairs. Gause argues the Gulf became a "special study was the US interest in the Persian Gulf oil." [p. 12] Yet, in US decisions to engage in armed

O'Donnell, Tom

68

The concept of RunwayGuard was developed during techni-cal investigations at some airports in the Persian Gulf region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Persian Gulf region with the aim of increasing operational safety. Appropriate concept evaluation studies

Berlin,Technische UniversitÀt

69

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of China’s Renewable Energy Policy Framework: China’sof China’s Renewable Energy Policy Framework: China’spromote renewable energy through governmental policies have

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Metal Pollution in Seaweed and Related Sediment of the Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nickel, cadmium, copper and lead in the sediment and seven species of algae from six locations in the Bushehr Province on the Coast of the Persian Gulf were determined. Sampling sites represent areas of...?1 dry ...

M. Alahverdi; M. Savabieasfahani

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Metals removal during estuarine mixing of Arvand River water with the Persian Gulf water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study, the removal of dissolved and colloidal Cd, Co, Cu, Ni and Zn in Arvand River water during estuarine mixing with the Persian Gulf water is investigated. The flocculation process was...

Abdolreza Karbassi; Gholam Reza Nabi Bidhendi…

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Offshore sedimentary facies of a modern carbonate ramp, Kuwait, northwestern Arabian-Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Kuwait example studied here may serve as a model for ancient carbonate ramp systems just as the classical—but markedly different—southern Arabian-Persian Gulf ramp of the Trucial Coast (United Arab...

Eberhard Gischler; Anthony J. Lomando

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

The Growing Need for Sustainable Ecological Management of Marine Communities of the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Persian Gulf is a semi-enclosed marine system surrounded ... . We review the available literature on the Gulf’s marine environment and detail our recent ... , international collaboration in environmental mana...

Peter F. Sale; David A. Feary; John A. Burt; Andrew G. Bauman…

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Mercury (Hg) and methyl mercury (MMHg) bioaccumulation in three fish species (sea food) from Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, mercury (Hg) and methyl mercury (MMHg) were determined in three fish species including benthic, benthopelagic and pelagic fish from Arvand river, northwest of Persian Gulf. Mercury and methyl mercu...

Sajad Abdolvand; Sahar Kayedinejad Esfahani…

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Defending U.S. national interests in the Persian Gulf going light .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Is it possible to defend U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf through the use of primarily SOF/light forces? How might implementing this type of force… (more)

Gretz, Michael A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Numerical assessment of nutrient assimilative capacity of Khur-e-Musa in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Khur-e-Musa is a predominantly tide-driven marine creek located in the northwestern part of the Persian Gulf. The port city of Mahshahr and several...a concentrations. OECD open boundary index was used to determi...

A. Payandeh; N. Hadjizadeh Zaker…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Kinds and Abundance of Fish Larvae in the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During cruise I of the RV “Meteor” to the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf, fish larvae were caught routinely from December...Babenerd et al., 1973 this volume). Following the ichthyogeographical classification o...

W. Nellen

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Mercury Distribution in Contaminated Surface Sediments from Four Estuaries, Khuzestan Shore, North Part of Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The distribution of mercury in surface sediment from four estuaries along the Khuzestan shore, north part of Persian Gulf, was measured. The concentration of mercury...p < 0.05). The concentrations of mercury ...

Abdolah Raeisi Sarasiab; Mehdi Hosseini…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

A review of Oil production capacity expansion costs for the Persian Gulf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The U.S. Energy Information Agency has recently published a report prepared by Petroconsultants, Inc. that addresses the cost of expanding crude oil production capacity in the Persian Gulf. A study on this subject is much ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The impact of the persian gulf crisis on the prices of LDCs' loans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article employs the event-study methodology to examine the impact of the Persian Gulf Crisis on the prices of LDCs' loans ... . The main empirical findings are that the Gulf Crisis (1) had a significant impac...

Suk Hun Lee; Hyun Mo Sung; Jorge L. Urrutia

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Visitor impact on rocky shore communities of Qeshm Island, the Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of visitors on macroinvertebrates of rocky intertidal shores was investigated in southern coasts of the Qeshm Island, the Persian Gulf, Iran. Qeshm Island located at the...2, is the largest island i...

Fatemeh Aghajan Pour; Mohammad Reza Shokri…

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

How severely was the Persian Gulf affected by oil spills following the 1991 Gulf War?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ostracods from 14 surface sediment samples taken from the northwest part of the Persian Gulf (Iranian side) at water depths of ... pollution caused by oil spills following the 1991 Gulf War. With the exception...

Nasser Mostafawi

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Marine organisms as heavy metal bioindicators in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study, cadmium and lead concentrations were compared in barnacles, ghost shrimps, polychaetes, bivalves, and sediment from ten different locations along the intertidal zone of the Persian Gulf and ...

E. Amoozadeh; M. Malek; R. Rashidinejad…

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Satellite thermal observation of oil slicks on the Persian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A possibility of oil slicks detection is discussed for oil slicks spread in the vicinity of the Nowruz oil fields in the Persian Gulf since March 1983 to July 1983 with considering an apparent thermal inertia. The apparent thermal was computed from continuous observations of sea surface temperature and albedo by the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the NOAA-7 through day and night with 12 h interval. The apparent thermal inertia is defined as a function of a temperature difference between the daytime and the nighttime and an apparent albedo. Sea surface temperature used for computing the apparent thermal inertia was obtained through an atmospheric correction with an empirical equation which uses an energy difference between two thermal channels of the AVHRR. Although there was an ambiguity on a selection of same object on water body, the computed apparent thermal inertia showed the possibility of oil slicks detection from sea water. 17 references.

Asanuma, I.; Muneyama, K.; Sasaki, Y.; Iisaka, J.; Yasuda, Y.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydroelectricity ..long term demand. 5. Hydroelectricity China’s hydroelectricSummary of China’s Hydroelectricity Reserves”, Sate Power

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Assessment of wave energy variation in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Since wave energy has the highest marine energy density in the coastal areas, assessment of its potential is of great importance. Furthermore, long term variation of wave power must be studied to ensure the availability of stable wave energy. In this paper, wave energy potential is assessed along the southern coasts of Iran, the Persian Gulf. For this purpose, SWAN numerical model and ECMWF wind fields were used to produce the time series of wave characteristics over 25 years from 1984 till 2008. Moreover, three points in the western, central and eastern parts of the Persian Gulf were selected and the time series of energy extracted from the modeled waves were evaluated at these points. The results show that there are both seasonal and decadal variations in the wave energy trends in all considered points due to the climate variability. There was a reduction in wave power values from 1990 to 2000 in comparison with the previous and following years. Comparison of wind speed and corresponding wave power variations indicates that a small variation in the wind speed can cause a large variation in the wave power. The seasonal oscillations lead to variation of the wave power from the lowest value in summer to the highest value in winter in all considered stations. In addition, the seasonal trend of wave power changed during the decadal variation of wave power. Directional variations of wave power were also assessed during the decadal variations and the results showed that the dominant direction of wave propagation changed in the period of 1990 to 2000 especially in the western station.

B. Kamranzad; A. Etemad-shahidi; V. Chegini

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil Reserves (2008) Saudi Arabia Iran Iraq Venezuela Kuwait United Arab Emirates Russian Federation Libya Kazakhstan Nigeria Canada US Qatar

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

U. S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles: Report #15 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

United States and the Persian Gulf Conflict, Policy Analysisof land forces allocated to Persian Gulf. Uses this ratio tobut did not consume Persian- Gulf oil oilc 5. Motor vehicles

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia February 22, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Secretary Chu was in Riyadh today on his first stop of a four-day Middle East trip. He met with King Abdullah, Minister of Petroleum & Mineral Resources Ali Al Naimi and other senior officials. Secretary Chu reaffirmed the United States' commitment to a strong bilateral relationship with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and discussed energy security, alternative energy technologies, climate change, and science and technology issues. The Secretary began the day with a bilateral meeting with Minister Al Naimi. Topics on the agenda included global energy markets, Saudi Aramco's technology strategy and carbon capture and storage. The

90

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Dhahran -Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran - Saudi Arabia Faculty Promotion Regulations of the individual's academic accomplishments and achivements. King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM considered in promotion. The university shall use the promotion process to encourage academic excellence

Almulhem, Ahmad

91

Recommendations for Future Research in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recommendations for Future Research in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia David J. Delene Atmospheric Sciences Department University of North Dakota #12;Motivation for Weather Modification Research Water Resource Stresses Severe Weather Hazards Inadvertent Weather Modification New Observational, Computational

Delene, David J.

92

Green China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the mid-1990s, China designed its first sustainable development strategy On July 4, 1994, the State Council ratified the “White Paper on China’s Populations, Environments and Development in the 21s...

Angang Hu; Yilong Yan; Xing Wei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Wave height forecasting in Dayyer, the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Forecasting of wave parameters is necessary for many marine and coastal operations. Different forecasting methodologies have been developed using the wind and wave characteristics. In this paper, artificial neural network (ANN) as a robust data learning method is used to forecast the wave height for the next 3, 6, 12 and 24 h in the Persian Gulf. To determine the effective parameters, different models with various combinations of input parameters were considered. Parameters such as wind speed, direction and wave height of the previous 3 h, were found to be the best inputs. Furthermore, using the difference between wave and wind directions showed better performance. The results also indicated that if only the wind parameters are used as model inputs the accuracy of the forecasting increases as the time horizon increases up to 6 h. This can be due to the lower influence of previous wave heights on larger lead time forecasting and the existing lag between the wind and wave growth. It was also found that in short lead times, the forecasted wave heights primarily depend on the previous wave heights, while in larger lead times there is a greater dependence on previous wind speeds.

B. Kamranzad; A. Etemad-Shahidi; M.H. Kazeminezhad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Corrosion of reinforced concrete in the Persian Gulf region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Kuwait liquefied gas/sulfur (LGS) plant is located on a small island in the southern part of the Persian Gulf. The plant was built in phases between 1973 and 1977. Designed to manufacture liquefied natural and petroleum gas and to extract sulfur, the LGS plant consists of two similar process unit trains served by a common boiler and utility plant. The major reinforced-concrete structures at the plant include the cooling water outfall, the cooling water intake, the operations building, structures supporting elevated pipe and equipment, boiler stack foundations, bridge over the flume, the loading jetty, sulfur plant structures, substations, and storage tank foundations. The first signs of distress in the plant structures were reported in 1980: cracking, spalling, and delamination of concrete cover and corrosion of reinforcing steel. In some cases, deterioration had progressed to the extent that safety and life expectancy of the structures were at risk. Subsequently, several investigations were conducted on various structures from 1980 to 1987 to identify the causes of the deterioration. The principal cause of the deterioration was corrosion of reinforcing steel caused by the presence of chlorides; marine salts were the main source. Construction-related contributing factors included insufficient concrete cover, use of sulfate-resistant (ASTM Type V) portland cement, and an elevated water-to-cement ratio.

Novokshchenov, V. [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Arms and oil: US military strategy and the Persian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the oil-rich Persian Gulf, a region crucial to the world's security and economic health, the United States confronts major challenges to its military and diplomatic skills. The Iranian revolution, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and unpredictable turbulence have contributed to declining US influence in the area. In the United States, military questions about force size and strategy have sparked controversy over the proper US role in the Gulf. In this book Thomas L. McNaugher offers a military strategy for the Gulf that seeks to balance the risks of overinvolvement against the risks of neglect. The author, a research associate in the Brookings Foreign Policy Studies program, believes that the United States must cultivate the traditional security mechanisms of the states on the Arabian Peninsula, and he encourages cooperation with allies like Great Britain and France that historically have been involved in Gulf security. He argues that the United States should focus on protecting the Gulf states from external attack and on deterring further Soviet encroachment in the region, leaving internal security largely to the states themselves. 19 figs., 13 tabs.

McNaugher, T.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

World tanker industry maintains momentum from Persian Gulf war  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The world tanker industry has managed to maintain the momentum generated during the Persian Gulf War. Freight rates for large vessels have regained the high levels seen during the first 2 months of this year, while the expected postwar decline in use of tankers has not materialized. The health of the tanker industry is linked closely with the volume of long haul crude oil from the Middle East, a spot charter from the gulf to Europe, an owner would only break even on the cost of building and operating a new tanker to the highest environmental standards. Owners currently can expect spot rates of about $40,000/day, excellent by the standards of the late 1980s and early 1990s but still below the level needed to justify new buildings. And there are many in the industry who think $40,000/day will be just a happy memory later in the year. Owners are facing pressure for major changes in the industry. Governments and the public want better operating standards and new environmentally sound tankers to reduce the risk of oil spills. At the same time, the industry has to learn to live with repercussion in the 1990 Oil Pollution Act in the U.S., which has opened the way for unlimited liability against tanker owners involved in spills off the U.S. The search also is on for improved profits to make investments required by the changing world of seaborne oil transportation.

Not Available

1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

97

Gulf Cooperation Council: search for security in the Persian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study purports to analyze the conservative Arab monarchies' search for regional security in the Persian Gulf. It speculates on the GCC's future prospects as a vehicle of cooperation in the field of security. Threats to the member states of the GCC stem from the policies pursued by revolutionary Iran, Israel, the Soviet Union and its proxies, and a regime in Iraq. The proposition is developed that these sources of threat present an overwhelming challenge to the security and stability of GCC states. Second, it examines the capabilities of the GCC member states for coping with threats. Conceived broadly, both military and non-military capabilities are examined. Security relations of the GCC states with external powers as a means of enhancing their abilities to cope more effectively with both internal and external threats are examined. Particular attention is devoted to the domestic consequences of these special relations. Third, it discusses the GCC's reactions to perceived regional threats. These include the Iran-Iraq War, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Soviet threat, and potential political sources of dissidence in member states. It is argued that although GCC states have adopted a number of joint policies, they did not respond to or initiate action on either the Iranian Revolution, the Palestine conflict, the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, the Gulf war or the recent Israeli invasion of Lebanon.

Kechichian, J.A.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 108410 Coordinates 24.640833°, 46.772778° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.640833,"lon":46.772778,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

99

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 100425 Coordinates 24.085278°, 38.048611° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.085278,"lon":38.048611,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

100

Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 107797 Coordinates 17.433333°, 43.216667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.433333,"lon":43.216667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Solar energy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is blessed with abundant solar energy which is renewable, clean and available freely. It is harnessed through known processes and technologies, but progress towards its commercialization is very slow for several reasons, such as higher cost and low efficiency. This paper reviews our R&D efforts, and concludes that future utilization of solar energy in the Kingdom of Saudia Arabia is dependent on current R&D activities in the field, combined with a proper educational campaign for its effective commercialization.

Saleh A. Al-Athel

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Mortality among U.S. Veterans of the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is persistent concern in the United States that veterans of the Persian Gulf War may have had a higher rate of postwar mortality than other veterans and that certain causes of death may have been especially frequent. Excess numbers of deaths from cardiovascular disease and even from malignant... There is persistent concern in the United States that veterans of the Persian Gulf War may have had a higher rate of postwar mortality than other veterans and that certain causes of death may have been especially frequent.1,2 Excess numbers of deaths from ...

Kang H.K.; Bullman T.A.

1996-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

103

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s domestic oil supply will peak, and demand Robertpeak will come around 2020, 24 and that by this point, China’s demand Oil

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 The nature of petroleum 1 1.2 The petroleum reservoir 1 1.3 Significance of rock properties.4 Resisitivity log 25 Chapter 6. ROCK PERMEABILITY 28 6.1 Definition 28 6.2 Differential form of Darcy's law 29 6KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Basic Properties of Reservoir

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

105

Gamification to Improve Adherence to Diabeteic Treatment in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamification to Improve Adherence to Diabeteic Treatment in Saudi Arabia Alaa Abdullah Al, proposes the first Arabic system for managing diabetes using gamification. Keywords-component; Diabetes; Gamification; Self-Care; e- Healthcare I. INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common illnesses

106

The Sparse Grid Technique on GPUs Project: Virtual Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

simulations, e.g. simulating CO2 sequestration. The sparse grid technique is a discretization technique. In Virtual Arabia we use sparse grids for compressing and decompressing highly dimensional data coming from compared to 4 core and 8 core Intel Nehalem and 32 core AMD Opteron. Compression is up to 16 times faster

Stamatakis, Alexandros

107

Health risk assessment of mercury and arsenic associated with consumption of fish from the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concentrations of mercury and arsenic in fish from the Persian Gulf were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption...?1 for mercury and 0.168–0.479 ?g g?1 for arsenic, with means of 0.133 and 0.312 ?g g?1,...

Mehdi Raissy; Mahsa Ansari

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Environmental microfaunistic studies in mangrove ecosystem of Qeshm Island (Persian Gulf)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In southern part of Iran, Hormozgan province has 14 big and residental islands. Qeshm is the biggest island in the Persian Gulf. Island northwestern part ecosystem is a coastal marsh with marly sediments including grooved tidal channels. The vastest ... Keywords: biocenosis, clarence strait, foraminifera, salt dome, taphosenosis, zagros rang

Masoomeh Sohrabi-Mollayousefi; Somayeh Shah-Hosseini

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in order to bring the price of oil closer to its marginal social cost. There is in fact a long historyUS military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles Mark A. Delucchi l e i n f o Article history: Received 7 May 2007 Accepted 3 March 2008 Available online 21 April

Murphy, James J.

110

AFRICA, ITS PAST AND FUTURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Oceans from the Red Sea to the Isthmus of Suez, is claimed by European nations, with...trees to protect him from the prevailing wind. The vulture guides him to where, the...thence shipped to Indo-China, the Persian Gulf, Arabia, Turkey in Asia, and even to...

1889-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

111

U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia November 17, 2005 - 2:48pm Addthis Meeting with Minister Al-Naimi, tour of Shaybah oil field, and kick-off of International Energy Forum highlight four-day visit DHAHRAN, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman is continuing his four-day visit to the Middle East in Saudi Arabia today, meeting with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali bin Ibrahim Al-Naimi, touring the Aramco headquarters and visiting Aramco's Shaybah oil field. "Consumers of energy and producers of energy are becoming ever-more intertwined, and a strong, vibrant relationship will help us work together for years to come," Secretary Bodman said. "It's important that we understand each other and recognize each other's needs for both the short

112

Model simulations of dust sources and transport in the global atmosphere: Effects of soil erodibility and wind speed variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IND, Indian Ocean, Persian Gulf, and the Red Sea; MED,Saudi Arabia, near the Persian Gulf and in southern Iraq (

Grini, Alf; Myhre, G.; Zender, C. S.; Isaksen, I. S. A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

SERVANTS OF OIL: HISTORY AND IMPLICATIONS OF AMERICAN OIL DEVELOPMENT IN THE PERSIAN GULF, 1928-1960.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This work examines the entrĂ©e of American oil companies in the Persian Gulf in the late 1920s and early 1930s up to the formation of… (more)

English, James Edward

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Evaluation of Glutathione S-Transferase Activity as a Biomarker of PAH Pollution in Mudskipper, Boleophthalmus dussumieri, Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As an attempt to study on the biomarkers types to assess the specification of the pollutants and health status of marine ecosystems, sediments and biota (i.e., Boleophthalmus dussumieri) were collected from the Persian

Mahmood Sinaei; Shirin Rahmanpour

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Soils and agricultural development in the region of Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The process of agricultural development and its related problems is. a serious economic difficulty facing the developing countries throughout the world. In Saudi Arabia such… (more)

Al-Jerash, Mohammed Abdullah

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Saudi-Arabias forverrede forhold til Iran etter 2011. : En konsekvens av űkte indre spenninger?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Helt siden den islamske revolusjonen i Iran i 1979 har relasjonen mellom Saudi-Arabia og Iran vært preget av spenning. Begge landene űnsker, ved ć spre… (more)

Grimsrud, Siri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

The Environment, Geopolitics and Artificial Islands of Dubai in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In recent decades, environmental degradation and its consequences as well as the importance of its safeguarding have resulted in the emergence of many researches in different scientific fields. However, the environmental geopolitics, as O Tuathail states, deals with the relationship between the earth and human in geopolitical tradition. Accordingly, in this paper, by adopting critical geopolitics perspective and through descriptive-analytical method, the environmental geopolitics in the Persian Gulf is studied. In this regard, the artificial islands of Dubai are considered the study cases. The facts suggest that these islands which are created as the result of developmental policies of Dubai, have threatened the environmental security of Persian Gulf and have caused alarming environmental consequences for other coastal states.

Zahra Moussavi; Adeleh Aghaei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Effects of positive and negative framing on seven American newspapers during the Persian Gulf War in 1991 and the Iraq War in 2003.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study evaluates the positive and negative aspects of major American newspaper coverage of the Persian Gulf War in 1991 and the war in Iraq… (more)

White, Davin T.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Interannual variability and seasonal contribution of thermal expansion to sea level in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In an attempt to understand the causes of the sea-level seasonal cycle in the Persian Gulf, we investigated the relationships of sea-level data from 11 stations with atmospheric pressure and thermosteric level. Sea level is significantly correlated among all stations. The mean trend in sea level for the Persian Gulf is about 2.34 mm/year. The thermosteric sea-level variability is estimated from temperature profiles at one-degree grid points. Contour maps of thermosteric level show that the height due to thermal expansion is high in summer and autumn, and low during winter and spring. The monthly mean thermostric height ranges from +2.2 cm in July to ?2.1 cm in February. The major change in sea level due to the thermosteric level seems to be associated with the large change of the thermohaline circulation in the Persian Gulf. The maximum expansion occurs in summer, and the maximum contraction occurs in winter. Results of the regression analysis demonstrate that from 62% to 90.2% of the variance in the seasonal cycle is due to atmospheric pressure. The inclusion of the thermosteric sea level as a secondary forcing in the regression model improves the variance explained to 78.1–90.7%. The remaining change should be due to the halosteric effect and upwelling. Tide-gauge stations located at the Gulf's head show high correlation with Ekman vertical velocity. There are two distinct tide gauge stations in the Persian Gulf. One is found in the first cyclonic gyre and the other in the second gyre. The inclusion of Ekman upwelling to the model, improves significantly the variations explained as well, from 82.3% to 91.9%.

F. Hosseinibalam; S. Hassanzadeh; A. Kiasatpour

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Assessing temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia through satellite, radiometric, and station data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Assessing temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia through satellite Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia #12;2 Abstract1 Temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia are studied for 2000-20102 using satellite and ground-based Aerosol Optical

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Enclosed and open spaces in the arid region-Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Study of the enclosed (sheltered) and open (unsheltered) spaces in two tradiational and three-contemporary settlements in Saudi Arabia - comparative analysis of micro climatic conditions - solar exposure - analysis of the differences in the design approaches of the old and new ''modern'' developments - recommendations for the appropriate approach to the design of enclosed and open spaces in the arid regions of Saudi Arabia.

Talib, K.; Al-Zamil, A.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Academic Success Centre Room 10-2584  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. objections, there is the question of whether it can be done by overflying Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf be preempted by overflying Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf, by going through the Red Sea to the Arabian Sea

Northern British Columbia, University of

123

Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from Arabia, 1930-1960: Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Persian Gulf,from Arabia, 1930-1960: Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Persian Gulf,King Faisal’s Palace in Bagdad, Iraq, 1928. (Source: Wilson

Alissa, Reem IR

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

The provenance, variety, and deposition of sediment and the formation of dunes in the eastern Rub' al-Khali, southeast Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.A.E. and Oman, up to 80 km inland from the Persian Gulf, active dunes are underlain by carbonate on the Arabian steppe and in the Persian Gulf region (Fig. 2). They define the shape of dunes and manage between late May and early July (Edgell, 2006). Traveling southeast along the Persian Gulf, the Shamal

Wilson, Mark A.

125

China Business Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China Business Development Postgraduate Programme #12;Programme: China Business Development with China: Intercultural Management 3 1 Daily life and business behaviour explained from a cultural perspective Chinese strategic thinking China's political constellation and its impact on business life Human

Einmahl, Uwe

126

Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation...

127

Numerical modelling of salinity variations due to wind and thermohaline forcing in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Salinity is an important component of the marine system. Due to shallow nature of the Persian Gulf, the salinity has been influenced by both wind driven and surface thermohaline fluxes (heat and moisture fluxes). In this study, the seasonal distribution of salinity and its variations due to wind stress and thermohaline forcing are investigated by using a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model, Coupled Hydrodynamical–Ecological Model for Regional and Shelf Seas (COHERENS). The simulation results show that the salinity in the Persian Gulf experiences dramatic spatial and temporal variations. The influence of the thermohaline forcing is considerably more than the wind stress on the salinity. The effect of the surface thermohaline fluxes over the salinity field is generally to increase the salinity for almost all the water column during the year. This effect is high during September–November where the evaporative surface salinity flux dominates over inflow of low-salinity values of Indian Ocean Surface Water. The wind forcing at the most regions of the Persian Gulf, in particular at the United Arab Emirate (UAE) coast and Bahrain–Qatar shelf, freshens the water all the year round. The wind and thermohaline forcing in March–June have strong potential to generate stratification in salinity structure. The model predictions, which are successful in simulating many features of observed pattern, indicate that the surface water of the Gulf is saltier in winter than that in spring and early summer. Both heat fluxes and wind stress play an important role for this seasonal cycle of the surface salinity.

S. Hassanzadeh; F. Hosseinibalam; A. Rezaei-Latifi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Statistical maritime radar duct estimation using hybrid genetic algorithm-Markov chain Monte Carlo method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radar ducts over the Persian gulf,” Journal of Appliedas the Mediter- ranean, Persian Gulf, East China Sea, and

Yardim, Caglar; Gerstoft, Peter; Hodgkiss, William S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Rapid communication Atmospheric dust variability from Arabia and China over the last 500,000 years  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

while teaching a physics class. http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/faraday/index.html Would, hydro-electric generators and transformers operation. += sL dS t D JdlH *Mention some examples on the charges. http://www.walter-fendt.de/ph14e/electricmotor.htm http://micro

Rohling, Eelco

130

Mechanism of formation of the oil and gas basins of the Persian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Earlier investigations have shown that most sedimentary basins on continental crust were formed without significant extension. These basins are of two main types. Cratonic sedimentary basins, 3 to 15 km deep, form as a result of slow compensated subsidence at a rate of 10 to 100 m/m.y. over a long period of time (300-1000 m.y.). Miogeosynclines usually form by rapid uncompensated subsidence at a rate of 0.2-1 km/m.y., in a short period of time (1-10 m.y.). In this paper, the authors examine the evolution and distribution of hydrocarbon deposits in the oil and gas basins of the Persian Gulf, which contain more than 60% of the oil and 40% of the gas reserves of non-Soviet countries. They conclude that the oil and gas basins of the Persian Gulf were formed by repeated rapid subsidence without crustal extension. The rapidity of the subsidence was responsible for high heat flow, intensive local tectonics, and the deposition of suitable source beds, reservoir rocks and caprocks, factors that are responsible for the immense oil and gas resources. 44 references, 2 figures.

Artyushkov, E.V.; Beer, M.A.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia syrian arab Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Saudi-Arabia 162 Japan 69 Taiwan 59 Hong-Kong 31 Kuwait 29 Malaysia 28... Thailand 12 Jordan 11 Colombia 10 Iraq 10 Mexico 10 Nigeria 10 Sri-Lanka 10 Libyan-Arab-Jamahiriya 9...

133

Pall opens office in Saudi Arabia and life sciences centre of excellence in the UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

US-based Pall Corp recently inaugurated its new office in Saudi Arabia. The filtration, separation and purification company is also opening a life sciences centre of excellence in the UK.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Airborne dust in Saudi Arabia : source areas, entrainment, simulation and composition.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Spatial and temporal characteristics of dust storm activity in Saudi Arabia has been established using coarse-particle (PM10) dust concentrations recorded by the KACST monitoring network… (more)

Alharbi, Badr Hadhidh A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

The meeting point : rethinking public space in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can urban intervention affect social behaviors within a city? And if so, what happens when that city is partial to cultural restrictions? The target in question here is the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dilemma is that ...

Abuzeid, Reem

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were studied for two successive years (January 1996-December 1997) at 12 collecting stations representing six sectors of the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. The predominant species...

Doha, Said Abdallah; Samy, Abdallah Mohammed

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Model for electric energy consumption in eastern Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical energy consumption in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia is modeled as a function of weather data, global solar radiation, population, and gross domestic product per capita. Five years of data have been used to develop the energy consumption model. Variable selection in the regression model is carried out by using the general stepping-regression technique. Model adequacy is determined from a residual analysis technique. Model validation aims to determine if the model will function successfully in its intended operating field. In this regard, new energy consumption data for a sixth year are collected, and the results predicted by the regression model are compared with the new data set. Finally, the sensitivity of the model is examined. It is found that the model is strongly influenced by the ambient temperature.

Al-Garni, A.Z.; Al-Nassar, Y.N.; Zubair, S.M.; Al-Shehri, A. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

21, 2008. Ying, Wang. “ China, Venezuela firms to co-developApril 21, “China and Venezuela sign oil agreements. ” Chinaaccessed April 21, “Venezuela and China sign oil deal. ” BBC

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas Reserves .5 Figure 1-5 China’s Proved Natural Gas Reserves (1998 -Recoverable Natural Gas Reserves (Tcm) Expectated Value

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Distribution Patterns of Metals Contamination in Sediments Based on Type Regional Development on the Intertidal Coastal Zones of the Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study was performed to determine the variation of metals concentrations (Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu) in surface sediments based on type region development from ten sites on the intertidal coastal zone of the Persian

Ali Kazemi; Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Oyster Saccostrea cucullata as a Biomonitor for Hg Contamination and the Risk to Humans on the Coast of Qeshm Island, Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A total of 174 individuals of rocky oysters (Saccostrea cucullata...) and 35 surface sediment samples were collected from seven stations off the intertidal zones of Qeshm Island, Persian Gulf, in order to study t...

Golshan Shirneshan; Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari…

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Study on PCB 101, PCB 153, mercury and methyl mercury content in blue crab Portunus Pelagicus from Khuzestan shore (Persian Gulf)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Distribution of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB 101, PCB 153), Mercury (Hg) and methyl mercury (MMHg) in muscle, gill and hepatopancreas of blue swimming crab Portunus segnis from Persian Gulf were investigated. In...

Abdolah Raeisi Sarasiab; Mehdi Hosseini

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Distribution and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments of the Hormuz strait, Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The concentrations of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in the sediment from the Hormuz strait, Persian Gulf. The sum of 16 \\{PAHs\\} (?PAH) concentrations varied from 72.17 to 277.77 ng g?1 dry weight, with an average value of 131.20 ± 59.29 ng g?1 dry weight. An ecological risk assessment of PAHs, indicated that adverse biological effects caused by acenaphthene and acenaphthylene occasionally may take place in the sediment of Hormuz strait. PAH source identification showed that the \\{PAHs\\} in the sediments come from pyrogenic and mixed origin. Based on classification of pollution levels, sediments from Hormuz strait could be considered as low to moderately polluted with PAHs.

Shirin Rahmanpoor; Hosein Ghafourian; Seyed Mehri Hashtroudi; Kazem Darvish Bastami

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The impact of the Persian Gulf crisis on household energy consumption and expenditure patterns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Iraqi invasion of the Kingdom of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, and the subsequent war between Iraq and an international alliance led by the United States triggered first immediate and then fluctuating world petroleum prices. Increases in petroleum prices and in U.S. petroleum imports resulted in increases in the petroleum prices paid by U.S. residential, commercial, and industrial consumers. The result was an immediate price shock that reverberated throughout the U.S. economy. The differential impact of these price increases and fluctuations on poor and minority households raised immediate, significant, and potentially long-term research, policy, and management issues for a variety of federal, state, and local government agencies, including the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Among these issues are (1) the measurement of variations in the impact of petroleum price changes on poor, nonpoor, minority, and majority households; (2) how to use the existing policy resources and policy innovation to mitigate regressive impacts of petroleum price increases on lower-income households; and (3) how to pursue such policy mitigation through government agencies severely circumscribed by tax and expenditure limitations. Few models attempt to assess household energy consumption and energy expenditure under various alternative price scenarios and with respect to the inclusion of differential household choices correlated with such variables as race, ethnicity, income, and geographic location. This paper provides a preliminary analysis of the nature and extent of potential impacts of petroleum price changes attributable to the Persian Gulf War and its aftermath on majority, black, and Hispanic households and on overlapping poor and nonpoor households. At the time this was written, the Persian Gulf War had concluded with Iraq`s total surrender to all of the resolutions and demands of the United Nations and United States.

Henderson, L. [Univ. of Baltimore, MD (United States); Poyer, D.; Teotia, A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Country Saudi Arabia Name Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Address PO Box 757, Airport Road, Riyadh 11189 City Riyadh Website http://www.mopm.gov.sa/mopm/ma Coordinates 24.800234°, 46.71742° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.800234,"lon":46.71742,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

146

Evidence for Early and Mid-Cryogenian glaciation in the Northern ArabianNubian Shield (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia) ROBERT J. STERN1*, PETER R. JOHNSON2, KAMAL A. ALI1,3 & SUMIT K over broad regions of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt, NW Arabia and possible correlative units diamictite and BIFs of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt and the correlative Nuwaybah diamictite and BIF

Stern, Robert J.

147

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences January 2013, Vol. 56 012104:1­012104:10 doi: 10.1007/s11432-012-4616-5 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 2Beijing Aerospace Control Center, Beijing 100094, China; 3

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

148

SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083, China; 2 Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China; 3 School of Material Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute

Wang, Zhong L.

149

ESCO Industry in China  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Information about the development, achievements, and functions of the China Energy Conservation project and ESCO.

150

China Energy Primer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on extensive analysis of the 'China Energy Databook Version 7' (October 2008) this Primer for China's Energy Industry draws a broad picture of China's energy industry with the two goals of helping users read and interpret the data presented in the 'China Energy Databook' and understand the historical evolution of China's energy inustry. Primer provides comprehensive historical reviews of China's energy industry including its supply and demand, exports and imports, investments, environment, and most importantly, its complicated pricing system, a key element in the analysis of China's energy sector.

Ni, Chun Chun

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

151

Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Where is the North China­South China block boundary in eastern China? Michel Faure, Wei Lin of the North China and South China blocks. The eastern extension of the belt (the Sulu area) consists and the lack of ocean-basin rock shows that the boundary between the North China block and South China block

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

152

Design and implementation of wind energy system in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper introduces an accurate procedure to choose the best site from many sites and suitable wind turbines for these sites depending on the minimum price of kWh generated (Energy Cost Figure (ECF)) from wind energy system. In this paper a new proposed computer program has been introduced to perform all the calculations and optimization required to accurately design the wind energy system and matching between sites and wind turbines. Some of cost calculations of energy methods have been introduced and compared to choose the most suitable method. The data for five sites in Saudi Arabia and hundred wind turbines have been used to choose the best site and the optimum wind turbine for each site. These sites are Yanbo, Dhahran, Dhulom, Riyadh, and Qaisumah. One hundred wind turbines have been used to choose the best one for each site. This program is built in a generic form which allows it to be used with unlimited number of sites and wind turbines in all over the world. The program is written by using Visual Fortran and it is verified with simple calculation in Excel. The paper showed that the best site is Dhahran and the suitable wind turbine for this site is KMW-ERNO with 5.85 Cents/kWh. The worst site to install wind energy system is Riyadh with minimum price of kWh of 12.81 Cents/kWh in case of using GE Energy 2 wind turbine.

Ali M. Eltamaly

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Biomonitoring of trace metal bioavailabilities to the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite along the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fouling barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite is a cosmopolitan biomonitor of trace metal bioavailabilities, with an international comparative data set of body metal concentrations. Bioavailabilities of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, V and Zn to A. amphitrite were investigated at 19 sites along the Iranian coast of the understudied Persian Gulf. Commercial and fishing ports showed extremely high Cu bioavailabilities, associated with high Zn bioavailabilities, possibly from antifouling paints and procedures. V availability was raised at one port, perhaps associated with fuel leakage. Cd bioavailabilities were raised at sites near the Strait of Hormuz, perhaps affected by adjacent upwelling off Oman. The As data allow a reinterpretation of the typical range of accumulated As concentrations in A. amphitrite. The Persian Gulf data add a new region to the A. amphitrite database, confirming its importance in assessing the ecotoxicologically significant trace metal contamination of coastal waters across the world.

A. Nasrolahi; B.D. Smith; M. Ehsanpour; M. Afkhami; P.S. Rainbow

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Causes of the unique concentration of oil and gas in the petroliferous basin of the Persian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The extraordinarily high oil-gas potential of the Persian Gas basin could have resulted from a combination of factors which brought about the conditions necessary for oil accumulation. The author contends that active generation of hydrocarbons in the Persian Gulf basin has not yet ended. The high tectonic activity of the region, expressed by the extremely high velocity of sedimentation and in the intense horizontal compression during late Cenozoic time has created an ideal geologic environment for the metamorphism of the organic matter with maximum release of hydrocarbons. In addition, oil accumulation in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic sequences was not suppressed by gas accumulation because of the intense isolation of the predominantly gas bearing Paleozoic level. The extremely high degree of closure of the folded margin greatly restricted the loss of hydrocarbons. (JMT)

Solov'yev, N.N.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Methods of monitoring the Persian Gulf oil spill using digital and hardcopy multiband data. Technical report, January-July 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A quick response demonstration was performed during the Persian Gulf War that showed a capability to monitor the path of oil dumped into the bay near Kuwait City using commercial satellite imagery. Both manual and semi-automated methods of image analysis were performed on AVHRR and Landsat TM imagery. Estimates of the oil area coverage were obtained using conventional classification methods. A hardcopy generation and reproduction capability was also demonstrated.

Rand, R.S.; Satterwhite, M.B.; Davis, D.A.; Anderson, J.E.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

China opens the door  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The door to China`s vast market for power generation was opened a bit further for foreign firms in November. That is when power ministry head Shi Dazhen said the country would rely on overseas investors for 20 percent of the funding needed to boost output--double the amount foreigners were previously allowed to contribute. Through 1995, foreigners invested $12.2 billion in China`s electricity industry, accounting for 10 percent of total investment. According to Shi, foreign investors will be asked to provide about $17 billion of the $84 billion China plans to invest in the sector over the next five years. Under China`s Ninth Five-Year Plan (1996-2000), the government aims to boost the country`s power generation capacity at the rate of 15,000 MW to 20,000 MW annually by the year 2000. Since China`s public external debt balance already exceeds $80 billion, however, the government would seem to have little choice but to allow foreigners a greater role. Shi also said that foreigners would be allowed 100 percent ownership of PRC power projects. This is discouraged under China`s current industry guidelines. It is, however, expected to be permitted under China`s first build-operate-transfer (BOT) law, which was anticipated by the end of 1996, says Susan Urkevich, director of project finance at HSBC Investment Bank Asia in Hong Kong. Indeed, China`s first BOT is already happening.

Starke, K.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Organic geochemistry of Gadvan and Kazhdumi formations (Cretaceous) in South Pars field, Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Southern Iran, Gadvan (Barremian-early Aptian) and Kazhdumi (Albian) formations are the most effective source rocks and have produced the majority of hydrocarbons reserved in the Zagros Basin especially in Dezful Embayment and Persian Gulf area. In this article, hydrocarbon potential of Gadvan and Kazhdumi formations is investigated in the South Pars field which is southern extension of the North field of Qatar Country. This field is located in Persian Gulf waters and is actually the northern extension of Qatar Arc Paleohigh where geological history of Gadvan and Kazhdumi formations is different from nearby area regarding depositional setting, burial history and source rock maturity. In this study, Gadvan and Kazhdumi formations as source rock candidates, which underlay Upper Dariyan and Mauddud members, respectively, were sampled in two drilled wells of the South Pars field for routine geochemical analysis to investigate hydrocarbon potential of these formations and source rock identification of trapped oil in the Upper Dariyan and Mauddud members. Several samples from top to the bottom of the formations were taken and analyzed by Rock-Eval pyrolysis. The average TOC content of Gadvan and Kazhdumi formations is 0.79 wt. % and 0.49 wt. %, respectively. Rock-Eval results (e.g. HI vs. Tmax) represent that TOC content of these formations contains type II-III kerogens which haven't suffered sufficient thermal maturity (Ro < 0.5%) in this study area. Moreover calculated S2/S3 ratio implies that these formations in central part of Qatar Arc, South Pars field couldn't produce noticeable liquid hydrocarbon. As it is believed, Gadvan and Kazhdumi formations to be source of trapped oil in the system, therefore, in the South Pars field reserved hydrocarbon in Upper Dariyan (Aptian) and Mauddud (late Albian) members which overlie Gadvan and Kazhdumi formations, respectively, are probably generated from Gadvan and Kazhdumi formations of the nearby through and flanks of the Qatar Arc where the burial depth and temperature increase then generated hydrocarbons in downdip area are migrated to the upper carbonate reservoirs in the crest part of the Qatar Arc. Long path migration of the hydrocarbon and source rock with lower organic matter are caused hydrocarbon accumulation in the South Pars Oil Layer (Al-Shaheen) which is approved by professional petrophysical and geological studies of the field.

Omeid Rahmani; Jafar Aali; Hassan Mohseni; Hossein Rahimpour-Bonab; Seddighe Zalaghaie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Wind resource assessment of eastern coastal region of Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Depleting oil and gas reserves, combined with growing concerns of global warming, have made it inevitable to seek energy from renewable energy sources such as wind. The utilization of energy from wind is becoming increasingly attractive and is being widely used/disseminated for substitution of oil-produced energy, and eventually to minimize atmospheric degradation. Quantitative assessment of wind resource is an important driving element in successful establishment of a wind farm/park at a given location. More often than not, windenergy resources are relatively better along coastlines. In the present study, hourly mean wind-speed data of the period 1986–1997 recorded at the solar radiation and meteorological station, Dhahran (26°32? N, 50°13? E, eastern coastal plain of Saudi Arabia), have been analyzed to present different characteristics of wind speed in considerable depth such as: yearly, monthly, diurnal variations of wind speed, etc. The long-term monthly average wind speeds for Dhahran range from 4.2–6.4 m/s. More importantly, the study deals with impact of hub height on wind energy generation. Attention has also been focussed on monthly average daily energy generation from different sizes of commercially available wind machines (150, 250, 600 kW) to identify optimum wind machine size from energy production point of view. It has been found that for a given 6 MW wind farm size, at 50 m hub height, cluster of 150 kW wind machines yields about 48% more energy as compared to 600 kW wind machines. Literature shows that commercial/residential buildings in Saudi Arabia consume an estimated 10–40% of the total electric energy generated. So, concurrently, as a case study, attempt has been made to investigate/examine the potential of utilizing hybrid (wind+diesel) energy conversion systems to meet the load requirements of hundred typical 2-bedroom residential buildings (with annual electrical energy demand of 3512 MWh). The hybrid systems considered in the present case-study consist of different combinations of wind machines (of various capacities), supplemented with battery storage and diesel back-up. The deficit energy generated from the back-up diesel generator and the number of operational hours of the diesel system to meet a specific annual electrical energy demand of 3512 \\{MWh\\} have also been presented. The diesel back-up system is operated at times when the power generated from wind energy conversion systems (WECS) fails to satisfy the load and when the battery storage is depleted. The evaluation of hybrid system shows that with seven 150 kW WECS and three days of battery storage, the diesel back-up system has to provide 17.5% of the load demand. However, in absence of battery storage, about 37% of the load needs to be provided by the diesel system.

M.A. Elhadidy; S.M. Shaahid

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Short term wind speed estimation in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, three methods are used for the prediction of wind speed, 12 h ahead, based on 72 h previous wind speed values at three locations viz. Rawdat Bin Habbas (inland north), Juaymah (east coast), and Dhulom (inland western region) in Saudi Arabia. These methods are Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Abductory Induction Mechanism (AIM), and the Persistence (PER) model. The available data at each site was divided into three consecutive groups. The first 50% was used for training, the second 25% for validation, and the remaining 25% for testing. The validation data set was used to select the network architecture and other user defined parameters. The testing data was used only to assess the performance of the networks on future unseen data that has not been used for training or model selection. For each of the three methods, each of 12 networks was trained to produce the wind speed at one of the next 12 h. Relatively, Close agreements were found between the predicted and measured hourly mean wind speed for all three locations with coefficient of correlation R2 values between 81.7% and 98.0% for PSO, between 79.8% and 98.5% for AIM and between 59.5% and 88.4% for persistence model. Both PSO and AIM methods underestimated WS values during most hours with an average value of 0.036 m/s and 0.02 m/s, respectively. However, persistence model overestimated the WS by an average value of 0.51 m/s. It is shown that the two developed models outperformed the persistence model on predicting wind speed 12 h ahead of time with slight advantage to the PSO method.

Mohamed Ahmed Mohandes; Shafiqur Rehman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation Place Beijing Municipality, China Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product China-based, joint venture between Hydrogen China and China Railway Construction Corporation for the purpose of demonstrating, marketing and making available Hythane hybrid fuel. References Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation is a company located in Beijing Municipality, China .

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Evidences for secondary cracking of oil in South Pars field, Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Condensates and natural gases in South Pars, world's largest gas field in Persian Gulf were studied for their geochemical characteristics and possibility of secondary cracking as a major gas producing mechanism. Carbon isotopic analysis of gas components proposes thermogenic origin for South Pars gas field. However, ?13C values of Methane and Ethane are slightly depleted in comparison with generated gas from primary thermogenic gas whereas gases from secondary cracking of oils are systematically depleted in 13C in Methane and Ethane compared to gases from primary cracking. Gas composition of Head-Space gas samples were plotted in Ln(C1/C2) vs. Ln(C2/C3) diagram that all the data points indicate a noticeable shift toward trend of secondary cracking, indicating frequency of higher components i.e. C2+. Silurian black shales are recognized as most important source rock for the South Pars field. Biomarker analysis of hydrocarbon liquid samples indicates Pristane to Phytane ratio is > 1 that could confirm mentioned shaly source rock which is deposited in suboxic to oxic marine environment. Considering of ?13C of Silurian shales the “?13C Methane-?13C Source” was calculated and plotted against C1/?C1–5 indicating effect of secondary cracking of oil as producing mechanism for South Pars gas field. Moreover, pyro-bitumen as product of the secondary cracking was found filling secondary porosities in bottom part of the reservoir.

Jafar Aali; Omeid Rahmani

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Error distribution and correction of the predicted wave characteristics over the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind-waves are the most important environmental parameter for the design of coastal and offshore structures, sediment transport, coastal erosion etc. Therefore, an accurate evaluation of the wave climate is of great importance. Due to the lack of long term measurements, nowadays numerically modeled wave data are widely used for determining the wave climate. The numerically simulated wave data are continuous in time and space, but generally inaccurate in enclosed and semi-enclosed basins mainly due to the inaccurate wind input data. The main goal of this study is to develop a new and efficient approach to improve the hindcasted wave parameters in the Persian Gulf. Hence, the third generation SWAN model was employed for the wave modeling forced by the 6-hourly ECMWF wind data with a resolution of 0.5°. A new methodology was introduced for the distribution of wave prediction errors from discrete observation points to the other points of interest. It was found that the proposed method which considers the wave generation physics, leads to a significant improvement in the predicted wave parameters. In addition, it was revealed that the improvements in prediction of waves with higher wave heights and longer periods are more than those of others. This was shown to be due to the higher correlation between high values of output parameters which contain larger errors. The influence radius in the error distribution procedure was found to be near 2° (~200 km).

Mohammad Hadi Moeini; Amir Etemad-Shahidi; Vahid Chegini; Iraj Rahmani; Mona Moghaddam

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Formation of diagenetic dolomite in coastal sabkha along Arabian (Persian) Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aragonitic intertidal sediments are being dolomitized in the subsurface supratidal environment of a sabkha along the south shore of the Arabian (Persian) Gulf as a result of the percolation of wind-driven marine-derived brines. The development of abundant diagenetic dolomite results from a optimum combination of high mMg/sup 2 +//mCa/sup 2 +/ ratio fluids, a rapid flow rate which is related to the flooding frequency and sediment permeability, and a shoreline configuration that maintains the proper conditions for a sufficient length of time. Most diagenetic dolomite forms at the expense of primary aragonite according to the reaction: Mg/sup 2 +/ + 2CaCO/sub 3/(arag) ..-->.. CaMg(CO/sub 3/)/sub 2/ + Ca/sup 2 +/. Dolomite forms under the following conditions: (a) chloride concentration between 3.25 and 3.75 mCl/sup -//Kg; (b) mMg/sup 2 +//mCa/sup 2 +/ greater than about 6; (c) pH between 6.3 and 6.9; (d) minimum P/sub CO2/ of 10/sup -2/ to 10/sup -3/ atm; (e) temperature between 25 and 40/sup 0/C; (f) saturation with respect to gypsum; and (g) reducing environment in association with hydrogen sulfide. Other recent dolomite occurrences in the Bahamas, Florida, and Bonaire are significantly different in terms of stratigraphy, degree of lithification, and evaporite mineral association from those in the Arabian Gulf.

Patterson, R.J. (Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia); Kinsman, D.J.J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Eustatic control of late Quaternary sea-level change in the Arabian/Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Accurate sea-level reconstruction is critical in understanding the drivers of coastal evolution. Inliers of shallow marine limestone and aeolianite are exposed as zeugen (carbonate-capped erosional remnants) on the southern coast of the Arabian/Persian Gulf. These have generally been accepted as evidence of a eustatically driven, last-interglacial relative sea-level highstand preceded by a penultimate glacial-age lowstand. Instead, recent optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating suggests a last glacial age for these deposits, requiring > 100 m of uplift since the last glacial maximum in order to keep pace with eustatic sea-level rise and implying the need for a wholesale revision of tectonic, stratigraphic and sea-level histories of the Gulf. These two hypotheses have radically different implications for regional neotectonics and land–sea distribution histories. Here we test these hypotheses using OSL dating of the zeugen formations. These new ages are remarkably consistent with earlier interpretations of the formations being last interglacial or older in age, showing that tectonic movements are negligible and eustatic sea-level variations are responsible for local sea-level changes in the Gulf. The cause of the large age differences between recent studies is unclear, although it appears related to large differences in the measured accumulated dose in different OSL samples.

Thomas Stevens; Matthew J. Jestico; Graham Evans; Anthony Kirkham

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Abu Dhabi sabkha, Persian Gulf, revisited: Application of strontium isotopes to test an early dolomitization model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of brines and diagenetically altered minerals from coastal sabkha of Abu Dhabi, Persian Gulf, was undertaken to test the flood recharge-evaporative pumping model for early dolomitization using strontium isotopes as a tracer. The {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr ratio of the sabkha brines defines a pattern of both horizontal and vertical mixing of coastal seawater and continental ground water consistent with a previously proposed model. The {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr ratio of the diagenetic dolomites indicates early dolomitization by marine recharge waters. The {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr ratio of gypsum from the dolomitization area (1.4 to 4.4 km from high-tide mark) and seaward reflects precipitation from marine brines, but more landward (6 to 9 km), gypsum and anhydrite record a continental signal in the minerals suggests a paragenetic evaporative sequence (dolomite {yields} gypsum {yields} anhydrite). The dolomitizing fluid is evaporated seawater that recharges the sabkha aquifer during supratidal flooding and is afterward pumped upward through the saturated zone by evaporative processes.

Mueller, D.W.; McKenzie, J.A. (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zuerick (Switzerland)); Mueller, P.A. (Univ. of Florida, Gainesville (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

the uva meets china the uva meets china6 7 The UvA meets China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the uva meets china the uva meets china6 7 The UvA meets China Amsterdam University Press 9789089646156 The UvA meets China Collaboration with China has been designated a key strategic target contributions by various authors from both China and the Netherlands, particularly Amsterdam, on a wide range

van Rooij, Robert

167

In-situ evidence for dextral active motion at the Arabia-India plate boundary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Owen-Carlsberg (AOC) triple junction13 . Earthquake focal mechanisms indicate dextral strike-slip motion3,4 : Arabia, aboard the R/V Beautemps-Beaupré, we mapped the AOC triple junction and the southern extremity of the OFZ

168

Renewable energy options in Saudi Arabia: the economic viability of solar photovoltaics within the residential sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable energy options, including solar power, are becoming progressively more viable and thus increasingly pose challenges to conventional sources of energy, such as oil, coal and natural gas. Solar Photovoltaic technology is one type of solar energy ... Keywords: Saudi Arabia, feasibility study, renewable energy, residential buildings, solar photovoltaics

Yasser Al-Saleh; Hanan Taleb

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

Vernant, Philippe

170

Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

Vernant, Philippe

171

Quantitative lithostratigraphic interpretation of seismic data for characterization of the Unayzah Formation in central Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Fournier Pierre-Yves Dequirez Costas G. Macrides Marty Rademakers Institut Francais du Petrole, 1 et 4, ave. de Bois-Preau...p-yves.dequirez@ifp.fr Macrides Costas G. Author Rademakers Marty Author Saudi Aramco Oil Company Saudi Arabia 1372 1381...

Frédérique Fournier; Pierre-Yves Déquirez; Costas G. Macrides; Marty Rademakers

172

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meanwhile, Chapter 2 Energy Production solar water heatersSolar Resources 8 Figure 1-7 China’s Wind Resources .. 9 CHAPTER 2 ENERGY PRODUCTIONsolar energy, geothermal, and ocean energy (for more details, please also see the energy production

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7 Table 1-3 China’s Exploitable HydropowerGW of technically exploitable hydropower reserves capable ofTable 1-3). The major hydropower resources are in Southwest

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 ENERGY PRICES Figure 5-1 Major Coal Price Reforms (1980-117 Figure 5-2 Ex-Factory Coal Price Index (1980-Figure 6-14 Comparison of Coal Prices in China’s Domestic

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by this point, China’s demand Oil Demand vs. Domestic Supplycurrent pace of growth in oil demand as staying consistentand predictions of oil supply and demand affected foreign

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

products exports Petroleum products imports Source: Chinaimports of petroleum surpassed exports by 9.7 million tons, making China

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

China reala Assinado protocolo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cavaco na China realça papel de emigrantes em Macau Assinado protocolo para promover trocas entre portugueses "Ă© factor essencial para a valorização das relaçÔes" com a China. "Podemos teste- munhar o sucesso China. Para o Presidente, cada emigrante por- tuguĂȘs Ă© "um verdadeiro embai- xador de Portugal, um

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

178

Mineral resources of China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...centwereproducedbysmallnon-mechanizedminesin SouthChina. Export andImport. The consumptionOfcoalin...20 milliontons TABLE 8. IMPORT AND EXPORT OF COAL IN CHINA. (In 1,000 metric tons...dependslargely on TABLE 12. IMPORT OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO CHINA. ! Kerosene, Gasoline...

Vei Chow Juan

179

Reshaping China’s Nuclear Energy Policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reshaping China’s Nuclear Energy Policy ... (2) This nationwide salt crisis sent a signal that the public has withdrawn its support for nuclear energy. ... It remains an open question if online activism will make a difference in future Chinese nuclear energy decision making. ...

Qiang Wang; Xi Chen; Degang Yang; Changjian Wang; Fuqiang Xia; Xinlin Zhang

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

180

Detecting coral bleaching, using QuickBird multi-temporal data: A feasibility study at Kish Island, the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coral bleaching events have become more frequent and intense worldwide and speculated to be a severe threat for coral survival in future. The Persian Gulf, as one of the warmest seas, has also experienced coral mortalities and bleaching events. Historically, bleaching events are known to occur south of the Persian Gulf, such information is scarce in the northern side. Perhaps remoteness and inaccessibility to Iran main coral communities which have developed on offshore islands can explain such lack of data. To address this issue, the feasibility of using multi-temporal satellite images for detecting past bleaching events were investigated. Two QuickBird images (2005, 2008) were selected to detect 2007 bleaching event at Kish Island, Iran, and the accuracy of results were compared to in situ observations. Current study might represent “algae-challenged” scenario in terms of having 7 months' time lapse between bleaching event and post-bleaching satellite image. As a result of this, we had algae-covered corals instead of white bleached corals. In the proposed procedure pre and post-bleaching images were classified, and changes in reflectance values within coral classes were interpreted as bleaching areas. By using this method we could eliminate the effect of miss-classification between bleached corals and sand; as well as algae-covered corals and live corals. Furthermore, it is not necessary to have a post-bleaching image acquired during bleaching events, although having such image will increase the accuracy. The proposed technique detected ?28% of bleached corals and the results support the idea that coral bleaching can be distinguished by detecting the changes in reflectance values in pre and post-bleaching images. Understanding the occurrence, severity, and extent of past bleaching events may help us understand the population dynamics of Iran corals and reveal coral connectivity patterns in the Persian Gulf.

Keivan Kabiri; Biswajeet Pradhan; Kaveh Samimi-Namin; Masoud Moradi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Final Report for Annex II--Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources In Saudi Arabia, 1998-2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Final Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1998-2000 summarizes the accomplishment of work performed, results achieved, and products produced under Annex II, a project established under the Agreement for Cooperation in the Field of Renewable Energy Research and Development between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States. The report covers work and accomplishments from January 1998 to December 2000. A previous progress report, Progress Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1993-1997, NREL/TP-560-29374, summarizes earlier work and technical transfer of information under the project. The work was performed in at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, at the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and at selected weather stations of the Saudi Meteorological and Environmental Protection Administration (MEPA).

Myers, D. R.; Wilcox, S. M.; Marion, W. F.; Al-Abbadi, N. M.; Mahfoodh, M.; Al-Otaibi, Z.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

China Information Service Offered  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

China Information Service Offered China Information Service Offered The Energy Analysis Program is proposing to launch a multiclient service, tentatively called the China Energy Information Service, that would draw upon EAP's extensive research on China's energy sector and its strong working relationships with Chinese policymakers and researchers. The service would provide private U.S. firms with the information they need to market their energy-related products, technologies, and services in China. For an annual fee of less than $15,000, participants would be entitled to: Annual updates of EAP's China Databook covering China's energy supply, use, investment, and other related statistics. Bimonthly topical reports on subjects to be chosen in consultation with advisory committees composed of the service's subscribers.

183

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Production from

184

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydraulic head to control hydroelectricity generation, andlarge scale of China’s hydroelectricity generation needs,

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Solving the Energy and Solving the Energy and Climate Challenge Together Secretary Steven Chu International Energy Forum Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 22 February 2010 King Faisal Prize Winners, 1993 The United States of America and Saudi Arabia have a long and deep relationship We are adding a new dimension to our Saudi King Abdul Aziz Al Saud and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on the USS Quincy 65 years ago dimension to our relationship - as we move to meet shared energy and climate challenges (1) The global economy needs energy resources. (2) Our long-term economic prosperity is tied to the sustainable use of energy. (3) There are risks of adverse climate change for The Energy and Climate Challenge (3) There are risks of adverse climate change for both our countries. (4) We don't have the luxury of focusing only on

186

China’s Wind Energy Development and Prediction.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis focuses on China’s wind energy development, focusing on data pertaining to effects of wind energy development on economic, environmental, and social issues. It… (more)

Wallin, Micah R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Changes in Water Vapor Transport and the Production of Precipitation in the Eastern Fertile Crescent as a Result of Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the west, and the Persian Gulf to the south. Although it has been generally accepted that the area across much of the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. It is worth noting Corresponding author address: Jason

Evans, Jason

188

Tobacco health warnings in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF EFFECTIVENESS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR ACTION Tobacco healthhealth warnings in China: evidence of effectiveness and implicationshealth warnings in China: evidence of effectiveness and implications

WHO International

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Key China Energy Statistics 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Growth of China's Total Primary Energy Production (TPE) byFuel (Mtce) Primary Energy Production (Mtce) AAGR Coal Rawof China's Total Primary Energy Production (Mtce) AAGR Total

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

containing monthly energy production statistics] ChinaDatabook Chapter II, Energy Production Table 11-28. Coverage1993 MMX Chapter II, Energy Production China Energy Databook

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

China's Industrial Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

China's Industrial Energy China's Industrial Energy Consumption Trends and Impacts of the Top-1000 Enterprises Energy- Saving Program and the Ten Key Energy-Saving Projects Jing Ke, Lynn Price, Stephanie Ohshita, David Fridley, Nina Khanna, Nan Zhou, Mark Levine China Energy Group Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Reprint version of journal article published in "Energy Policy", Volume 50, Pages 562-569, November 2012 October 2012 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program of the Energy Foundation through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY

192

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Energy Efficiency Policy in China”, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), http://ies.lbl.gov/iespubs/50452.pdf. “Production Targets of Oil and Natural Gas”,

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Taking the China Challenge: China and the Future of Latin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taking the China Challenge: China and the Future of Latin American Economic Development Kevin P-author of the new book, The Dragon in the Room: China and the Future of Latin American Industrialization, Stanford University Press. The author would like to thank Elen Shrethsa for research as- sistance #12;Taking the China

Tufts University

194

Who Will Fuel China?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...per unit GDP), CO 2 emissions from energy use are projected...emissions on a per capita basis (8...in energy demand in China...energy per unit GDP), CO2 emissions from energy use are projected...emissions on a per capita basis (8...in energy demand in China...

Thomas E. Drennen; Jon D. Erickson

1998-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

195

China Energy Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

D P O L I T I C S , C H I N E S E A C A D E M Y O F S O C I A L S C I E N C E S China Energy Outlook 2020 2014-7-15 Washington DC World Energy China Outlook | Xiaojie Xu and Chen...

196

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy in China’s overall energy mix, in February 2005 thehalf of the nation’s energy mix (Figure 2-3). Figure 2-3energy conversion has only slightly increased since 1980 with an increase of only 2.6 Mt, after overall fuel mix

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf b Total OPEC c Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom...

198

NPP Grassland: Tumugi, China  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tumugi, China, 1981-1990 Tumugi, China, 1981-1990 Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Xiao, X., and D. Ojima. 1999. NPP Grassland: Tumugi, China, 1981-1990. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Biomass dynamics and productivity of meadow steppe grasslands were studied from 1981 to 1990 at Tumugi, Xingan League, in eastern Inner Mongolia, China. Measurements of above-ground and below-ground live biomass were made monthly throughout the growing season (April to November), by clipping 1 m2 quadrats and sampling 1 m2 soil pits to a depth of 1.0 m. The Tumugi study site (approximately 46.1 N 123.0 E) is located about 60 km east of the city of Ulan Hot (approximately 300 km west of Harbin, China).

199

The China Energy Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 The China Energy Group A city-owned cogeneration plant, built in 1989 in Weihai, Shandong, received an award from the Chinese government as an advanced energy-efficient enterprise. The Energy Analysis Program's China Energy Group-a core team of four Mandarin-speaking U.S. and Chinese researchers, plus leader Mark Levine and a dozen other staff members-has worked closely with energy policymakers in China for nearly a decade. Their goal is to better understand the dynamics of energy use in China and to develop and enhance the capabilities of institutions that promote energy efficiency in that country. This unique collaboration began as a joint effort with the Energy Research Institute of China's State Planning Commission, but the Group's network has expanded to

200

Pattern of mercury accumulation in different tissues of migratory and resident birds: Western reef heron (Egretta gularis) and Siberian gull (Larus heuglini) in Hara International Wetland—Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Hara Mangrove Forest of the Persian Gulf is undergoing increasing pollution from industrial, municipal...n?=?15) and the migratory Siberian gull (n?=?15). We also evaluated the relation between Hg concentrati...

Yousef Majidi; Nader Bahramifar…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

U. S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles: Report #15 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

there to protect world oil demand” (in Plesch et al. , 2005,instability related to U.S. demand for oil. Although to ourassociated with U.S. demand for Persian Gulf oil. If this is

Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin for Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China. Sci China-Phys Mech Astron, 2013, 56: 207221, doi: 10.1007/s11433-012-4970-8 1 Introduction

Zhang, Guangyu

203

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

32 Table 13. Total Resource Requirements for Hydropower23 Figure 12. China's Hydropower Installed Capacity, 1980-and costs of China’s hydropower: Development or slowdown? ”

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Taggart China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Taggart China Taggart China Jump to: navigation, search Name Taggart China Place Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip 100022 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product US based Taggart Global LLC's China division, a coal processing company that is making forays into wind and solar PE investments. References Taggart China[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Taggart China is a company located in Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China . References ↑ "Taggart China" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Taggart_China&oldid=351995" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages

205

Reservoir characteristics of the Devonian Jauf Formation in Shedgum area, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Porosity generally increases as mean grain size increases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 26 Correlation of permeability with porosity from core analysis of the Jauf Formation in Shedgum S-ll. 61 27 Plots of log porosity... Dead + LUT o ? I RAG o~ BLOCK '' SINAI JORDAN c n D v Z ct ct I- ID J 0 Q Q $ " ocr:. . ro ++ ct Lrnere ~ a SAUDI ARABIA pipE J tt D BI nknna Mnenrnnrcy mr Arookon Sco Ar/en oak/ a/ 30' 40 50' 60' Figure 2 - Index map showing...

Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

206

Lead and chromium concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The World Health Organization (WHO) and United States Public Health Service (USPHS) standards for drinking water recommend an upper limit concentration of 0.05 mg/L for both lead and chromium. The authors studied the cadmium and zinc concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. They report here the results of the study of lead and chromium concentrations in the potable water of the same area to provide a more complete profile of the levels of heavy metals in the potable water of the Eastern Province.

Hassan, H.M.A.; Mustafa, H.T.; Rihan, T.I. (King Faisal Univ., Dammam (Saudi Arabia))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Techno-economic evaluation of waste lube oil re-refining in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

About 80 million gallons of automotive lubricating oils are sold in Saudi Arabia. Much of this oil, after use, is actually contributing to the increased pollution of land because of indiscriminate dumping. Any scheme of secondary use of the waste lube oils would be of interest both for conservation of energy resources and for protection of environment. This paper discusses the secondary use for the used automotive lubricating oils. Process technology of Meinken, Mohawk and KTI were selected for the techno-economic feasibility study for refining used oil. Profitability analysis of each process is worked out and the results are compared.

Ali, M.F.; Hamdan, A.J.; Rahman, F. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

208

China PPI EE CSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Pulp and Paper Industry in China Lingbo Kong, Ali Hasanbeigi, Lynn Price China Energy Group Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Huanbin Liu State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering South China University of Technology January 2013 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program of the Energy Foundation through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY LBNL-6107E Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the

209

China | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China China Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. Source NREL Date Released April 12th, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China GEF GHI GIS NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 629.4 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 779.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 01/01/1985 - 12/31/1991 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

210

ESCO Industry in China  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ESCO Development in ESCO Development in China China-America EE Forum 2011.5.6, S.F Contents Fast development 1 Great potential 2 Opportunities & Challenges 3 Function of EMCA 4 China Energy Conservation project  Officially started in 1998;  It is a key international cooperation project in the field of energy conservation by Chinese government and World Bank/GEF;  The main purpose of the project is to promote Energy Performance Contracting (EPC) mechanism and develop ESCO industry in China Project progress-1 st phase 3 pilot ESCOs: Beijing Liaoning Shandong Phase I EC information Dissemination Center(ECIDC) Project progress-2 nd phase EMCA Phase II I& G New and Potential ESCOs Technical support Financial support Project Progress- 2 nd Phase EMCA---provide practical technical

211

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. Levine, N. Martin, J. Sinton, Q. Wang, D. Zhou, F. ZhouLynn, E. Worrell, J. Sinton (2001), “Industrial EnergyAppli_Stds_China.pdf. 5 Sinton, J. , D. Fridley (2000), “

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

China's private universities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1949, the young nation embraced public ownership, and private higher education was abolished. As China embarked on an era of reform in the 1970s, the cash-strapped central government gradually enabled the reestablishment of private universities to meet...

Huiqing Jin

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

213

Contemporary China Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Advertising and promotion · Brand building · Public relations · Business opportunities & making market studies evolutions in Chinese film, art, literature... since 1978 · Image building: China in the West, the West

Einmahl, Uwe

214

Plague From China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Broadcast Transcript: Those of you who have been paying attention to Postcards these past three years are already aware that China takes credit for many of the world's firsts, including pasta, gunpowder and golf. Well, ...

Hacker, Randi; Boyd, David

2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

215

Japan's China Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLICY BRIEF 11, JANUARY 2012 Japan’s China Strategy Sugioand of the aftermath of the Great East Japan earthquakefor Japan and the region are outlined in this policy brief.

TAKAHASHI, Sugio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Rice consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RICE CONSUMPTION IN CHINA A Thesis by JIN LAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 Major Subject: Agricultural... Economics RICE CONSUMPTION IN CHINA A Thesis by JIN LAN Approved as to style and content by: E, We ey F. Peterson (Chair of Committee) James E. Christiansen (Member) Carl Shaf (Member) Daniel I. Padberg (Head of Department) August 1989...

Lan, Jin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

217

China Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China Geothermal Region Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleChinaGeothermalRegion&oldid70619...

218

A key review on present status and future directions of solar energy studies and applications in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable energy is accepted as a key source for the future, not only for Saudi Arabia, but also for the world. Saudi Arabia has abundant potential for exploiting solar energy, which is renewable, clean, and freely available. The average annual solar radiation falling on the Arabian Peninsula is about 2200 kWh/m2. Applications of solar energy in Saudi Arabia have been growing since 1960. Solar hydrogen production plant situated at the Solar Village, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, could have been considered as the world's first 350 kW solar-powered hydrogen-generation plant at the time of its inception. The development of solar energy, however, has been relatively low due to several obstacles although utilization of solar energy in its various aspects is very attractive for the country. The main objectives of this study are to address current applications and future aspects of solar energy along with studies conducted in this field and to assess them in the light of available sustainable energy technologies towards establishing energy policies. The solar energy-related topics reviewed include various types of solar radiation correlations, exergetic solar radiation, solar collectors, solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar stills, solar-powered irrigation, solar energy-related greenhouses, solar hydrogen, solar water desalination and solar energy education. Some barriers, scenarios and constraints are also covered. The utilization of solar energy could cover a significant part of the energy demand in the country. If a major breakthrough is achieved in the field of solar-energy conversion, Saudi Arabia can be a leading producer and exporter of solar energy in the form of electricity. The geographical location of the country, its widespread unused desert land, and year-round clear skies, all make it an excellent candidate for this.

Arif Hepbasli; Zeyad Alsuhaibani

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer China 2015...

220

DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement More Documents & Publications...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press...

222

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. International . International Petroleum Figure 11.1a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait,

223

China urges rapid growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This time last year China's paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping, launched the country on another bout of fast-paced economic growth and restructuring. After three years of riding out political and economic clampdown, foreign chemical companies were jerked awake by major changes in China's chemical industry. As the state becomes less involved with managing the economy, unleashing 12% gross national product growth, closer involvement with domestic factories has become attractive and essential. MCI officials say government funds will now be channeled toward clearing energy and transport bottlenecks, and chemical enterprises will be given more chance to turn a profit. They will be allowed to issue shares, seek foreign investment partners themselves, and bypass trading companies like China National Import-Export Corp. (Sinochem), the former state monopoly. Foreign analysts question whether China's finances and oil resources can support expansion. Even if they can, Cai estimates that ethylene imports will remain around the present level of 1 million tons. To further guarantee chemical supplies, China has invested in urea and polypropylene plants in the US and polystyrene plant in Hong Kong.

Hendry, S.

1993-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

224

to China: A Bridge Between  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Yale to China: A Bridge Between Cultures Students often invoke the metaphor of a journey in China," she said. "Yale oered a vast array of resources to help me improve my language compe- tency program and myriad exchanges with China. The summer before her sophomore year at Yale, Jenna received

225

Submitted to *Xidian University, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THESIS Submitted to *Xidian University, China *Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Rouen, France To obtain China-France Joint PhD in Discipline: PHYSICS Speciality: Energy by WANG Jiajie Shaped.09.2011 Members of the jury: Reviewers: Bai Jintao Professor, Northwest University, Xi'an, China Liu Weidong

Boyer, Edmond

226

Outsourcing CO2 within China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...international import and export matrices for China were also...proportion as China's total exports. We make...international import ma-trices...gigatonne gap in China's carbon...Shanxi Domes c export Domes c import Fig. S4...mining 3 Petroleum and gas 4...

Kuishuang Feng; Steven J. Davis; Laixiang Sun; Xin Li; Dabo Guan; Weidong Liu; Zhu Liu; Klaus Hubacek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Evaluation of antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic effects of Holothuria scabra from the North Coast of the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Bioactive compounds of the gonad, respiration tree, and body wall of the sea cucumber Holothuria scabra collected from the North Coast of the Persian Gulf were extracted using ethyl acetate, methanol and water–methanol mixtures. Extracts were evaluated for their antibacterial and antifungal activities against Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. The activity was determined using the disc diffusion test. Cytotoxic activities of the extracts were determined by brine shrimp lethality assay. Results showed the existence of an antifungal activity of all extracts against A. niger with MIC ranging from 3 to 9 ?g/mL. The highest antifungal activity was found in respiration tree (methanol) with an inhibition zone of about 50 mm against A. niger at 18 ?g/mL extract concentration. Cytotoxic activity was obtained for methanolic extracts only. Methanol extract of the gonads showed the highest cytotoxic effect (LC50 = 50.5 ?g/mL) continuing with RT methanol extract (LC50 = 70 ?g/mL).

F. Mohammadizadeh; M. Ehsanpor; M. Afkhami; A. Mokhlesi; A. Khazaali; S. Montazeri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

“Shock event”, an impact phenomenon observed in water wells around the Arabian Gulf coastal city Dammam, Saudi Arabia: possible relationship with Sumatra tsunami event of December 26, 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A sudden disturbance in water level was recorded by hydrographs monitoring wells in the coastal city Dammam, Saudi Arabia on December 26, 2004. The water level was being ... h after the Sumatra earthquake/tsunami...

Arun Kumar; Syed A. Alam

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

A survey of intention to leave, job stress, burnout and job satisfaction among nurses employed in the Ha'il region's hospitals in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Nurses in Saudi Arabia, as in other Arabian Gulf countries, may be nationals or non-nationals. Frequently, non-national nurses predominate in a workplace, and as they… (more)

Alsaqri, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

China and Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the mid-1950s there was a severe oil shortage in China. Fighter jets and tanks stood still and the buses on Beijing’s streets were fueled from large bags of gas on their roofs. Several drilling teams travel...

Kjell Aleklett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Revolutionizing China's Environmental Protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...domestic product (GDP) (see figure...billion (?10% of GDP). Although global...although China's per capita contribution is...domestic product (GDP) and CO 2 emissions...populace. The public demands the right to speak...investing in clean energy industries, and helping...

Jianguo Liu; Jared Diamond

2008-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

233

Consistent geological-simulation modeling in carbonate reservoirs, a case study from the Khuff Formation, Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Khuff Formation constitutes reservoir body in many gas producer fields of the Persian Gulf and Arabian plate. This carbonate reservoir represents a complex character which strongly affects reservoir modeling and prediction of its reservoir performance. This paper examines construction of a reservoir model for this formation by the use of an integrated approach and shows how geological and simulation grids can perform consistently. This approach shows that in case of proper data integration, loss of value in z-dimension after grid scale-up would be ignorable and will not affect actual reservoir performance. The presented approach uses sequence stratigraphic framework (SSF) as the basis of reservoir zonation and permeability prediction. This is resulted to consistent poro/perm models that help accurate prediction of reservoir performance in simulation model. SSF also helped propagation of reservoir bodies in geological model. A seismic derived effective porosity (SPHIE) cube is used in conjunction with core and log data to distribute porosity. Hydraulic flow units (HFUs) which are assessed by the use of core and log data are used as the basis of grid scale-up. Our findings showed that if data integration is properly done, strong correlation of \\{HFUs\\} and SSF will be obtained which results to consistent geological and simulation models. Permeability should be populated into the 3D grid by the use of functions derived from SSF zonation and water saturation modeling should be upon capillary pressure curves assigned to each reservoir rock type (RRT) so that the final geological model and coarse simulation grid would be consistent. The presented approach in this study explains how various visions and different scale data could be properly used in a reservoir model. It also provides ideas about ideal consistent reservoir modeling for the Khuff Formation and similar heterogeneous carbonate reservoirs.

Ashkan Asadi-Eskandar; Hossein Rahimpour-Bonab; Shahab Hejri; Khalil Afsari; Alireza Mardani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Geophys. J. Int. (2006) 167, 10771088 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03147.x GJIGeodesy,potentialfieldandappliedgeophysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

occurring perpendicular to the simple folded belt and restricted to the Persian Gulf shore. The fact that most of the deformation is located in front of the simple folded belt, close to the Persian Gulf, while­Arabia convergence rate is estimated to increase from west to east along the Iranian Persian Gulf line from 18 to 25

Demouchy, Sylvie

235

Geophys. J. Int. (2006) doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03147.x GJIGeodesy,potentialfieldandappliedgeophysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

occurring perpendicular to the simple folded belt and restricted to the Persian Gulf shore. The fact that most of the deformation is located in front of the simple folded belt, close to the Persian Gulf, while­Arabia convergence rate is estimated to increase from west to east along the Iranian Persian Gulf line from 18 to 25

Vernant, Philippe

236

Record Alewife Harvest Hikes U.S. Great Lakes Commercial Fish Catch 16 Percent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School Set for Persian Gulf Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Iran signed a draft agreement on 17 June 1975 in Kuwait to establish a Persian Gulf Regional Center to train captains, and mechanics. Training courses will be in English and Arabic. The Persian Gulf Regional

237

The War for the Greater Middle East Professor Andrew Bacevich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

zones of conflict: the Persian Gulf (emphasizing Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran); Palestine (that is the implications of Persian Gulf oil for Great Power politics. What mechanisms were established to facilitate its exploitation and control? Who benefited as a result? How did Persian Gulf oil affect the conduct of World War

Guenther, Frank

238

Analysis of critical climate related factors for the application of zero-energy homes in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Saudi construction industry is led by housing sector that imposes enormous energy and environmental challenges for the country. The housing sector is growing rapidly and is responsible for 52% of the total national electricity consumption. In order to promote sustainable development it is vital for Saudi Arabia to adopt sustainable housing practices such as zero-energy homes (ZEHs). The concept is new to Saudi Arabia though a number of \\{ZEHs\\} have already been developed around the world. One of the most significant challenges facing the application of \\{ZEHs\\} in Saudi Arabia is uncertainty about their adaptability in local climate. The present work aims to investigate this uncertainty, mainly focusing on the four climatic factors related to the application of \\{ZEHs\\} including air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and global solar radiation. This is fulfilled by reviewing climatic condition of Saudi Arabia and the concept of \\{ZEHs\\} and examining some of these homes built across the globe in climates similar to the Saudi climatic zones. In this respect, five \\{ZEHs\\} globally developed in climates matching with the five main Saudi climatic zones have been investigated as case studies. A typical-virtual home has been designed on the basis of a questionnaire survey. With the help of the Integrated Environmental Solution ?Virtual Environment? software a modelling exercise has been carried out to compare its energy performance at the five selected international locations with their corresponding Saudi locations. This comparison is based upon the maximum and mean power demand. Furthermore, to cater for the differences in climatic conditions between the Saudi locations and their counterpart global locations, a sensitivity analysis for the studied locations has been undertaken for the four climate factors.

Farajallah Alrashed; Muhammad Asif

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Title: China Dimensions Data Collection Data Creator /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: China Dimensions Data Collection Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Center for International holds wide range of natural science and socioeconomic research and educational activities of China. These databases are integrated with agricultural, land use, environmental, socioeconomic data to track China

240

Building Energy Conservation in China  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Conservation in China Building Energy Conservation in China Speaker(s): Zhang Fulin Date: January 29, 2013 - 11:15am Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Haley Gilbert Mr. Zhang Fulin is a Senior Engineer and Director of the Division of Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Department of Energy Efficiency in Buildings and Science &Technology of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) in China. He is tasked with developing China building energy conservation policies and regulations and is responsible for the approval of major China building energy efficiency projects. Mr. Zhang has been working in the field of building energy efficiency for more than two decades. He will speak about current laws and regulations governing building energy efficiency practice in China,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Energy conservation programs in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

State-sponsored energy conservation policies and programs have been a key factor in the striking drop in energy intensity of China`s economy since the 1980s. China established an extensive administrative structure for energy management that linked the highest policy-making bodies with all the country`s major energy-users. A national agency was created to administer large grants and loans for energy-efficiency projects. A network of technical outreach and design centers provided end-users of efficient technologies with crucial information and expertise. Other important measures included energy-efficiency standards, financial incentives, support for research and development, and educational programs. The economic system reforms have rendered many of these policies and programs obsolete. China faces great challenges in redirecting policies and institutions to continue pursuing energy efficiency. This is a task that is vital to China`s long-term economic and environmental health.

Levine, M.D.; Sinton, J.E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy Analysis Program

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

242

Team China Solar Decathlon 2011 Project Manual  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

China China TongjiUniversity 1 Project Manual Team China 20110715 Project Name: Y container, Solar Decathlon 2011 USA. Team Name: Team China, Tongji University Primary Student: HuaGuodong Faculty Advisor: Prof.TanHongwei Contact: , jellyhua@gmail.com,tong_team@yahoo.com Address: 1239 Siping Rd, Shanghai, China 200092 Tel: +86 65987788-8074 Team China TongjiUniversity 2 Table of contents Table of contents ................................................................................................................................................................. 2 1. Summary of Changes ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

243

China's Cement Production:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Estimation of CO Estimation of CO 2 Emissions from China's Cement Production: Methodologies and Uncertainties Jing Ke, Michael McNeil, Lynn Price, Nina Zheng Khanna, Nan Zhou Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Reprint version of journal article published in "Energy Policy", Volume 57, Pages 172-181, June 2013 January 2013 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program of the Energy Foundation through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY LBNL-6329E Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any

244

Coal in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The article gives an overview of the production and use of coal in China, for power generation and in other sectors. Coal use for power generation was 850 million tonnes in 2003 and 800 million tonnes in the non-power sector. The majority of power will continue to be produced from coal, with a trend towards new larger pulverised coal fired units and introduction of circulating fluidised bed combustors. Stricter regulations are forcing introduction of improved pollution control technologies. It seems likely that China will need international finance to supplement private and state investment to carry out a programme to develop and apply clean coal technologies. The author concludes that there is evidence of a market economy being established but there is a need to resolve inconsistencies with the planned aspects of the economy and that additional policies are needed in certain sectors to achieve sustainable development. 1 ref., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Minchener, A.J. [IEA Clean Coal Centre, London (United Kingdom)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

HydroChina Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HydroChina Corporation Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100011 Sector: Hydro, Wind energy Product: Beijing-based firm focused on hydro and wind power development....

246

Developing a Marketing Plan For Hertz China.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this professional-paper is to develop a marketing plan for Hertz China. Hertz China is a car rental company which focused on business… (more)

Tan Ai Wei, Isabel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

China Wind Energy Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: China Wind Energy Association Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100013 Sector: Wind energy Product: A non-profit industrial association devoted to promote the...

248

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retail Trade, and Catering Service Appendix 3: EnergyRetail Trade, and Catering Service Appendix 3: Energybunkers and trade. Growth of China's Total Primary Energy

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Breeze Wind Power In China.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? China is an energy production and consumption country, wind power is one of the greatest development potential energy.The authors use literature research methodology, case… (more)

wang, zhong tao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

includes natural crude and shale oil. Source: China Energyincludes natural crude and shale oil. U Converted based onextraction Crude oil refining Shale oil production Total of

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Sustainability Strategy for Wudalianchi, China.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis develops a situated sustainability strategy for Wudalianchi, China, which has been nominated as World Heritage natural site. After reviewing related research on World… (more)

Guo, Jingfen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

NAWS-China Lake Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the NAWS-China Lake Project at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting, held on November 18-19, 2009.

253

Outsourcing CO2 within China.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6. Lo AY (2012) Carbon emissions trading in China. Nat Climof interprovincial emissions trading (6–9). Additionally,the central coast. The emissions trading scheme being tested

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Outsourcing CO2 within China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6. Lo AY (2012) Carbon emissions trading in China. Nat Climof interprovincial emissions trading (6–9). Additionally,the central coast. The emissions trading scheme being tested

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Per Capita Primary Energy Consumption, 1990 (CommercialPRIMARY ENERGY PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION China recentlyto 22.3% of primary energy consumption (1993), doubling in

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasHeating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasRefueling in China Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total Primary Energy Production per GDP (MER*) (2009) *Total Primary Energy Production per GDP (PPP**) **PurchasingNorth West China's Energy Consumption per Unit of GDP Energy

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference on Coal and the Environment).Resources for Selected Countries China's Coal Resources byType of Coal, End of 1991 Energy Reserves for Selected

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption Economic Activity f Consumption Electricity Coalof Coal, 1/10/95 Source: Almanac of China's Foreign EconomicCoal Oil Products „ Commercial Subtotal Total Energy Source Economic

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of China's Total Primary Energy Production by Source (1950-AAGR EJ Primary Energy Production (Mtce) Coal Oil NaturalRenewables Total Primary Energy Production by Source Shares*

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China’sof China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accuratelyof China’s total energy consumption, while others estimate

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Isolation and characterization of two crude oil-degrading yeast strains, Yarrowia lipolytica PG-20 and PG-32, from the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Among six crude oil-degrading yeasts that were isolated from an oil-polluted area in the Persian Gulf, two yeast strains showed high degradation activity of aliphatic hydrocarbons. From an analysis of 18S rRNA sequences and biochemical characteristics, these strains were identified as Yarrowia lipolytica strains PG-20 and PG-32. Gas Chromatography (GC) analysis of the crude oil remaining in the culture medium after 1 week at 30 °C showed that the strains PG-20 and PG-32 degraded 68% and 58% of crude oil, respectively. The optimal growth condition and biodegradation of hydrocarbons was in ONR medium with an acidic pH (pH 5). These two strains may degrade aliphatic hydrocarbons more efficiently than aromatic hydrocarbons, although strain PG-20 had better degradation than strain PG-32. The two Y. lipolytica strains reduce surface tension when cultured on hydrocarbon substrates (1% v/v). These strains showed a cell surface hydrophobicity higher than 70%. These results suggested that Y. lipolytica strains PG-20 and PG-32 have high crude oil degrading activity due to their high emulsifying activity and cell hydrophobicity. In conclusion, these yeast strains can be useful for the bioremediation process in the Persian Gulf and decreasing oil pollution in this marine ecosystem.

Mehdi Hassanshahian; Hamid Tebyanian; Simone Cappello

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

An appraisal of the power density of current profile in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman using numerical simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Having more than 2000 km tidal coastline, it's expected that Iran could exploit marine renewable energies. Furthermore, marginal countries around these seas are going to develop their energy resources and marine current energy can be a reliable choice. So, the results of a three dimensional numerical model for the study of circulation in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, have been used to assess the power density of ocean currents in these prominent water basins. The calculations are performed regarding converter's dimension and accessibility of the generated power. The results show that the current energy, in the upper 50 m layer increases in two periods of the year, late winter to early spring and late summer to early autumn. It can be asserted that the current energy in the study area increases during monsoon periods. According to the model results, the marine current energy in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman is rather substantial; but it should wait for harnessing as more efficient power conversion systems are available.

Mahmood Akhyani; Vahid Chegini; Abbasali Aliakbari Bidokhti

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

The impact of rising energy prices on household energy consumption and expenditure patterns: The Persian Gulf crisis as a case example  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent war between Iraq and an international alliance led by the United States triggered immediate increases in world oil prices. Increases in world petroleum prices and in US petroleum imports resulted in higher petroleum prices for US customers. In this report, the effects of the Persian Gulf War and its aftermath are used to demonstrate the potential impacts of petroleum price changes on majority, black, and Hispanic households, as well as on poor and nonpoor households. The analysis is done by using the Minority Energy Assessment Model developed by Argonne National Laboratory for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The differential impacts of these price increases and fluctuations on poor and minority households raise significant issues for a variety of government agencies, including DOE. Although the Persian Gulf crisis is now over and world oil prices have returned to their prewar levels, the differential impacts of rising energy prices on poor and minority households as a result of any future crisis in the world oil market remains a significant long-term issue.

Henderson, L.J. (Baltimore Univ., MD (United States)); Poyer, D.A.; Teotia, A.P.S. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Systems Div.)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Nuclear power grows in China`s energy mix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China`s rapid economic growth in the past two decades has caused the nations`s demand for electricity to exceed its capacity. AS of 1992, with power shortages as high as 25 percent, {open_quotes}power plant operators were often forced to resort to rolling brownouts to avoid complete system breakdowns,{close_quotes} says Xavier Chen, an assistant professor with the Asian Institute of Technology`s Energy Program in Bangkok, Thailand. To keep pace with China`s economic development, Chen estimates that {open_quotes}China must increase its electricity capacity 6 to 8 percent a year each year into the foreseeable future.{close_quotes} For now, coal is transported to power plants in the rapidly developing eastern coastal provinces at great expense. Chen also notes that the environmental disadvantages of coal make it a less desirable source of energy than nuclear. Development of nuclear energy is likely to go forward for another reason: In China, there is much less opposition to nuclear power plants than in other developing nations. {open_quotes}Nuclear energy likely will plan an important role in China`s future energy mix and help close the gap between electricity production and demand,{close_quotes} Chen says.

Chen, Xavier [Institute of Technology`s Energy Program, Bangkok (Thailand)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Artificial neural network modeling and cluster analysis for organic facies and burial history estimation using well log data: A case study of the South Pars Gas Field, Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intelligent and statistical techniques were used to extract the hidden organic facies from well log responses in the Giant South Pars Gas Field, Persian Gulf, Iran. Kazhdomi Formation of Mid-Cretaceous and Kangan-Dalan Formations of Permo-Triassic Data ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Burial history, Cluster analysis, Organic facies, Rock-Eval pyrolysis, Well log data

Bahram Alizadeh; Saeid Najjari; Ali Kadkhodaie-Ilkhchi

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations and modeling of convective clouds in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather Modification Inc (WMI). We also in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND Terry Krauss, Weather Modification, Inc., Fargo, ND ` Introduction Photographs of ice accumulation

Delene, David J.

268

China`s impact on the world crude-oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China`s oil market is in transition, and this has dramatically shaped its crude and petroleum product balances. During the last five years (1989-1993), imports of crude and refined products increased rapidly, while exports of crude and refined products declined year after year. In 1993 petroleum product imports surged to a record high of 354,000 barrels per day (b/d) at the same time that crude imports also increased to a record high of 315,000 b/d. If we combine imports and exports of both crude oil and products, China was a net oil importer of about 200,000 b/d during 1993. This marked the first time since 1960s that China has fallen into net oil importer status. Four major changes have characterized China`s oil imports and exports during the last two decades. First, China has made vigorous efforts to diversify its total exports away from oil-based goods to non-oil items. Second, the composition of oil exports has changed, shifting from dependence on crude oil exports toward a greater proportion of finished or semi-finished products. Third, the oil import pattern has also shifted from primarily heavy products to primarily light products. Finally, Northern China has continued to export oil across the Pacific Basin, but Southern China has begun importing petroleum from Indonesia and the Middle East. These trends indicate that China will become increasingly vital to both the regional and global oil trade. Overall, Asian oil imports are expected to double in the next ten years.

Wang, H. [Energy Security Analysis, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

China is the New Baseball  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Broadcast Transcript: Baseball is called bang qiu here in China. And, if a recent exploration trip taken by New York Yankee bigwigs is any indication, it looks as if China might be the next major outsource for major league outfielders. Not right...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2007-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

270

Energy consumption, carbon dioxide emissions and economic growth: The case of Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the dynamic causal relationships between energy consumption, energy price and economic activity in Saudi Arabia based on a demand side approach. We use a Johansen multivariate cointegration approach and incorporate CO2 emissions as a control variable. The results indicate that there exists at least a long-run relationship between energy consumption, energy price, carbon dioxide emissions, and economic growth. Furthermore, a long-run unidirectional causality stands from energy consumption to economic growth and CO2 emissions, bidirectional causality between carbon dioxide emissions and economic growth, and a long-run unidirectional causality runs from energy price to economic growth and CO2 emissions. In the short-run, there is unidirectional causality running from CO2 emissions to energy consumption and economic output and from energy price to CO2 emissions. Even though, the energy-led growth hypothesis is valid, the share of energy consumption in explaining economic growth is minimal. Energy price is the most important factor in explaining economic growth. Hence, policies aimed at reducing energy consumption and controlling for CO2 emissions may not reduce significantly Saudi?s economic growth. Investing in the use of renewable energy sources like solar and wind power is an urgent necessity to control for fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.

Atef Saad Alshehry; Mounir Belloumi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Cadmium and zinc concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of acute cadmium poisoning on humans are very serious. Among them are hypertension, cardiovascular disorders, kidney damage and destruction of red blood cells and testicular tissues. It is believed that much of the physiological action of cadmium is due to its replacement of zinc in some enzymes thereby impairing its catalytic activity. Previous studies on rats indicated that the dietary level of zinc can influence susceptibility to cadmium. The Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is undergoing extensive industrialization, crude oil exploration, production, processing and exportation. All of these are sources of trace heavy metal pollution. It is inhabited by a population where private and public water wells, particularly in the rural areas, are in most cases the major source of potable water. This paper deals with the determination of cadmium and zinc concentration in the potable water of the Eastern Province in order to generate baseline data to enable the medically qualified members of the research team to study the possible relationship between these two ions and cardiovascular morbidity in the population consuming this water.

Mustafa, H.T.; Hassan, H.M.A.; Abo-Melha, A.; Rihan, T.I.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitaton is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitation is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Regression analysis of residential air-conditioning energy consumption at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy consumption of a house air conditioner located at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, is modeled as a function of weather parameters and total (global) solar radiation on a horizontal surface. The selection of effective parameters that significantly influence energy consumption is carried out using general stepping regression methods. The problem of collinearity between the regressors is also investigated. The final model involves parameters of total solar radiation on a horizontal surface, wind speed, and temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. However, the model coefficients are functions of relative humidity and/or temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. Model adequacy is examined by the residual analysis technique. Model validation is carried out by the data-splitting technique. The sensitivity of the model indicates that relative humidity and temperature difference strongly influence the cooling energy consumption. It was found that an increase in relative humidity from 20% to 100% can cause a 100% increase in cooling energy consumption during the high cooling season.

Abdel-Nabi, D.Y.; Zubair, S.M.; Abdelrahman, M.A.; Bahel, V. (Energy Systems Group, Div. of Energy Resources, Research Inst., King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (SA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

New software for hybrid renewable energy assessment for ten locations in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces a design and optimization methodology for autonomous hybrid photovoltaic (PV)/wind/battery energy system. The main function of the proposed methodology is to determine the optimum size of each component of the energy system for the lowest cost of kWh generated and the best loss of load probability. This methodology uses the hourly wind speed hourly radiation and hourly load power with many different types of wind turbines and PV module types to get the optimum size of each component and the minimum cost of kWh generated at highest reliability. This methodology changes the share ratio of wind/PV with certain increments and calculates the required size of all components and the optimum battery size to get the predefined lowest acceptable probability. This methodology is implemented using a new computer program in flexible fashion which is not available in any market available software such as HOMER or RETSCREEN software. Actual data for ten Saudi sites are used with this computer program. The results obtained from the proposed program are compared with HOMER software. The proposed computer program performed the optimal design steps in very short time and with accurate results. Very valuable results can be extracted from the new computer program that could help researchers and decision makers. The results obtained from the proposed computer program have established the economic feasibility of installing hybrid energy systems in many sites of Saudi Arabia.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Study China Programme Live and learn in China for three weeks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study China Programme Live and learn in China for three weeks Study China is a unique learning, arts and business. About Study China Finance is provided by the UK government and managed Universities. Study China is in it's fourth year and has enabled over 1000 students to explore this fascinating

Oakley, Jeremy

277

The University of Nottingham Ningbo China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The University of Nottingham Ningbo China International Student Prospectus 2013 www China (UNNC) is a unique, world-class, international institution. Situated on China's prosperous east in the UK, China and Malaysia, and students from more than 150 countries, we can offer you access

Hopkins, Gail

278

China Initiatives at Michigan State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China Initiatives at Michigan State University Office of China Programs The Office of International Studies and Programs at Michigan State University established the Office of China Programs in July 2005 to help implement President Lou Anna K. Simon's "China Initiative," part of the university's long

279

Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Future Prospects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Future Prospects Focus Area: Propane Topics: Socio-Economic Website: theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/Retrosp_final_bilingual.p Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/overview-china's-vehicle-emission-con Language: "English,Chinese" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volap√Âșk, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

280

China Energy Conservation Solar Energy Technologies CECS | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CECS Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Energy Conservation Solar Energy Technologies (CECS) Place: China Sector: Solar Product: China-based solar project developer and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

National Energy Commission (China) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China) China) Jump to: navigation, search Name National Energy Commission (China) Place Beijing References National Energy Commission (China)[1] No information has been entered for this organization. Add Organization This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. National Energy Commission (China) is a new, high level, 21 member interagency commission based in Beijing, China, and is responsible for China's new energy law (expected 1/1/2011). [2] National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Environmental Protection (China) See also Government_policy_and_investment_in_clean_energy_(China) Key Facts Members Li Junfeng, National Development and Reform Commission ____, People's Liberation Army References ↑ "National Energy Commission (China)"

282

Metal concentrations in selected tissues and main prey species of the annulated sea snake (Hydrophis cyanocinctus) in the Hara Protected Area, northeastern coast of the Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study is the first detailed ecotoxicological study of the annulated sea snake, Hydrophis cyanocinctus. Concentrations of lead, cadmium, nickel and vanadium were evaluated in muscle, liver, kidney, skin and blood of the annulated sea snake (H. cyanocinctus) and in the whole bodies of its main prey species (Periophthalmus waltoni and Boleophthalmus dussumieri) in the Hara Protected Area, the Persian Gulf. The mean concentrations of lead and vanadium were highest in the kidney, which identified the kidney as a target organ for metals in sea snakes as it is in other reptilian groups. Mean concentrations of cadmium and nickel were highest in the liver and skin, respectively. Mean cadmium concentrations were significantly higher in the liver compared to prey species, which indicated that prey items may be a source of cadmium for the annulated sea snake in the study area. Data presented here may be considered as a baseline for further ecotoxicological studies in sea snakes.

Mohsen Rezaie-Atagholipour; Alireza Riyahi-Bakhtiari; Mirmasoud Sajjadi; Chee Kong Yap; Sanaz Ghaffari; Zohreh Ebrahimi-Sirizi; Parviz Ghezellou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

China Lingbo Kong, Lynn Price, Ali Hasanbeigi China Energy Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Potential for reducing paper mill Potential for reducing paper mill energy use and carbon dioxide emissions through plant-wide energy audits: A case study in China Lingbo Kong, Lynn Price, Ali Hasanbeigi China Energy Group Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Huanbin Liu, Jigeng Li State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology Reprint version of journal article published in "Applied Energy", Volume 102, February 2013 March 2013 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program of the Energy Foundation through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY

284

Energy Saving Strategy of China’s Green Hotel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of sustainable development theory,the creation of green hotel has become the inevitable trend of hotel industry development.This paper takes green hotel in china as an example,studies on the measur...

Rixin Li

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tower plant in China. ” Renewable and Sustainable Energyby plant in Guangxi. ” Renewable and Sustainable EnergyChina’s Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of

Zheng, Nina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Techno-economic evaluation of waste lube oil re-refining in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

About 80 million gallons of automotive lubricating oils are sold in Saudi Arabia. Much of this oil, after use, is actually contributing to the increased pollution of land because of indiscriminate dumping. Any scheme of secondary use of the waste lube oils would be of interest both for conservation of energy resources and for protection of environment. This paper discusses the secondary use for the used automotive lubricating oils. Process technology of Meinken, Mohawk and KTI were selected for the techno-economic feasibility study for re-refining used oil. Profitability analysis for each process is worked out and the results are compared. In many countries, the re-refining of used oils has become an important industry. The objective of recovering high quality raffinates is attained through the use of widely differing techniques. The processes concerned can be classified according to the chemical or physical method of used-oil pretreatment selected. Meinken process is based on chemical pretreatment, whereas both Mohawk and KTI processes employ physical methods involving distillation and eliminate the use of sulfuric acid, thus providing a facility for safer operation than Meinken. The plant capacity of two existing units in Jeddah are 10,000 TPA and 80,000 TPA re-refining of waste oil. We selected a plant of 50,000 TPA waste oil re-refining for economic study of these three processes. The authors wish to acknowledge the support from King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals and King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology for this work.

Ali, F.M.; Hamdan, A.J.; Rahman, F. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum & Minerals, Dharan (Saudi Arabia)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

287

Potential of Establishment of Wind Farms in Western Province of Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the present study, the economic feasibility of development of 15 MW wind power plant (wind farm) at Taif, Western Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (K.S.A) has been investigated by analyzing long-term wind speed data. Western province has relatively better wind energy resources. Data analysis indicates that monthly average wind speeds of Taif (21 29’ N, 40 32’ E) range from 3.1 to 4.8 m/s at 10 m height. The wind farms simulated consist of different combinations of 600 kW commercial wind machines (50 m hub-height). NREL's (HOMER Energy's) HOMER software has been employed to perform the techno-economic assessment. The study presents monthly variations of wind speed, cumulative frequency distribution (CFD) profiles of wind speed, monthly and yearly amount of energy generated from the 15 MW wind farm (50 m hub-height), cost of generating energy (COE, $/kWh), capacity factor (%), etc. The CFD indicates that the wind speeds are less than 3 m/s for 46% of the time during the year. This implies that wind electric conversion systems (WECS) will not produce energy for about 46% of the time during the year. The annual energy produced by 15 MW wind farm (50 m hub-height) has been found to be 19939 MWh. The cost of wind-based electricity by using 600 kW (50m hub-height) commercial WECS has been found to be 0.0576 US$/kWh. With the development of 15 MW wind farm, about 453 tons/year of carbon emissions can be avoided entering into the local atmospheric. The paper also attempts to address various aspects (such as: effect of hub-height, etc.) of wind farm establishment

S.M. Shaahid; Luai M. Al-Hadhrami; M.K. Rahman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

US-China_Fact_Sheet_Coal.pdf | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

US-ChinaFactSheetCoal.pdf US-ChinaFactSheetCoal.pdf US-ChinaFactSheetCoal.pdf More Documents & Publications FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements...

289

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

South Korea Other Crude Oil Production by Region (1985-2010)West Chinese Crude Oil Production by Regional Shares EastHenan Other Total Crude Oil Production: 209 Mt China's Crude

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

China production equipment sourcing strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis recommends a China business and equipment strategy for the Controls Conveyor Robotics Welding (CCRW) group at General Motors. The current strategy is to use globally common equipment through predetermined global ...

Chouinard, Natalie, 1979-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shares of World Energy Source Production Country Year China§Shares of World Primary Energy Source Production by Country,Shares of World Primary Energy Source Production by Country,

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Tobacco health warnings in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

d/ReleaseDetails/i/6253). Tobacco health warnings in China18–23. 14. Cigarette package health warnings: internationalanalysis. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13(64). doi:10.1186/1471-

WHO International

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Outsourcing CO2 within China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...42% in 2007) than household consumption (36% in...formation often entails energy-intensive materials like...interprovincial trade for household consumption, the emissions...Hayama, Kanagawa, Japan). 6. National Bureau...China (2008) Chinese Energy Statistics Yearbook...

Kuishuang Feng; Steven J. Davis; Laixiang Sun; Xin Li; Dabo Guan; Weidong Liu; Zhu Liu; Klaus Hubacek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Inter-provincial Permanent and Temporary Migration in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

117. Goodkind, Daniel and Loraine A. West. 2002. "China'smobility in China," in Loraine A. West and Yaohui Zhao (

Sun, Mingjie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The Political Economy of Wind Power in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

benefits from US-Chinese technology cooperation, however, China‘s plans and funds for developing a smart grid

Swanson, Ryan Landon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

"Embrace China" show in Houston will celebrate 65th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Embrace China" show in Houston will celebrate 65th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China "Embrace China," a multi-arts show of the People's Republic of China. The Sino Professionals Association will host

297

Anticipating the future use of safeguards by the EU and the US on China’s textiles & clothing exports  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Textiles and clothing (T&C) trade after lapse of quotas in 2005 has revealed China’s overwhelming comparative advantage in the manufacture and export of T&C products. China’s advantage in this sector attracted th...

Umair Hafeez Ghori

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s total primary energy consumption in 2005, along withof China’s total primary energy consumption (Lin et al. ,accounted for, the primary energy consumption of the Top-

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Who Will Care for the Orphans? Women’s Contributions during China’s War against Japan (1937-1945)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s War against Japan (1937-1945) Nicole Elizabeth6, 2009 On July 7, 1939 Japan’s Imperial Army sparked an 8-although China’s War against Japan largely adhered to this

Barnes, Nicole Elizabeth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

China-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: NREL/China Cooperation Name NREL/China Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner China Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Buildings, Wind Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.nrel.gov/applying_t Country China Eastern Asia References NREL's Bilateral Partnerships [1] Abstract NREL supports biofuels, wind, rural electrification, photovoltaics (PV), and buildings projects in China. The biofuels work includes collaboration on ethanol synthesis processes and organism evaluation, pretreatment, and resource supply characterization. "NREL supports biofuels, wind, rural electrification, photovoltaics (PV), and buildings projects in China. The biofuels work includes collaboration

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

LBNL China Energy Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Group Group Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China Energy Group Name China Energy Group Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Implementation, GHG inventory, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://china.lbl.gov/ Country China Eastern Asia References Program Homepage [1] Abstract The China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is committed to understanding those opportunities, and to exploring their implications for policy and business. "While daunting, the challenge of meeting China's energy needs presents a

302

DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 361 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

Mustafa, M. Tahir

303

DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 360 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

Mustafa, M. Tahir

304

Distribution patterns of \\{PAHs\\} in different tissues of annulated sea snake (Hydrophis cyanocinctus) and short sea snake (Lapemis curtus) from the Hara Protected Area on the North Coast of the Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The levels of 22 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in the skin, liver, kidney and muscle tissues of annulated sea snake (Hydrophis cyanocinctus), and short sea snake (Lapemis curtus) collected from the Hara Protected Area, Persian Gulf during October 2010. Low molecular weight (?3-rings) had the highest levels in skin, while high molecular weight (?4-rings) was highest in the kidney. The lowest levels of analyzed \\{PAHs\\} were found in muscle in the both species. H. cyanocinctus (59.37 ng g?1 dw) revealed to be significantly more contaminated than L. curtus (50.51 ng g?1 dw). Naphtalene was the PAH most frequently detected and at the highest level in the different tissues both species. Di- and tri-cyclic \\{PAHs\\} were predominant in both species suggesting petrogenic origin rather than pyrogenic sources of PAHs. The present study represents the first data of contamination by \\{PAHs\\} in sea snake from the Persian Gulf.

Zahra Heydari Sereshk; Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Economic feasibility of development of wind power plants in coastal locations of Saudi Arabia – A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Climate change and depletion of natural resources are serious issues that have potential impact on the economic and social development of countries. In this perspective, the governments world-wide are mobilizing initiatives to exploit renewable energy sources to mitigate increasing demand of energy, volatile fuel prices, and environmental concerns. Renewable energy (wind/solar) based power system is a nature-friendly option for power production to foster sustainable development challenges. In the present study, the economic feasibility of development of 75 MW wind power plants (wind farms) in the coastal locations of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (K.S.A.) has been studied/reviewed by analyzing long-term wind speed data. Attention has been focused on four coastal locations (Al-Wajh, Jeddah, Yanbu and Jizan) covering the west coast. In general, long-term data indicates that the yearly average wind speed of K.S.A. varies from 3.0 to 4.5 m/s at 10 m height. The wind farms simulated consist of different combinations of 600 kW commercial wind machines (50 m hub-height). NREL's (HOMER Energy's) HOMER software has been employed to perform the techno-economic assessment. The study presents monthly variations of wind speed, cumulative frequency distribution (CFD) profiles of wind speed, monthly and yearly amount of energy generated from the 75 MW wind farms (50 m hub-height) at different coastal locations of K.S.A., cost of generating energy (COE, $/kWh), capacity factor (%), etc. The CFD indicates that the wind speeds are less than 3 m/s for 45%, 53%, 41%, and 52% of the time during the year at Al-Wajh, Jeddah, Yanbu and Jizan respectively. This implies that wind electric conversion systems (WECS) will not produce energy for about 41–53% of the time during the year. The annual energy produced by 75 MW wind farms (50 m hub-height) has been found to be 107,196, 81,648, 135,822, and 80,896 MWh at Al-Wajh, Jeddah, Yanbu and Jizan respectively. The cost of wind-based electricity by using 600 kW (50 m hub-height) commercial WECS has been found to be 0.0536, 0.0704, 0.0423, and 0.0711 US$/kWh for Al-Wajh, Jeddah, Yanbu and Jizan respectively. Also, attempt has been made to determine the capacity factor (CF) of wind-based power plants, the CF has been found to vary from 12% to 21% for different locations of the Kingdom.

S.M. Shaahid; L.M. Al-Hadhrami; M.K. Rahman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Bilateral Agreements with China | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bilateral Agreements with Bilateral Agreements with China Bilateral Agreements with China Members of China's Shenhua Group visit FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Photo courtesy of NETL. Members of China's Shenhua Group visit FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Photo courtesy of NETL. Fossil Energy Protocol between the United States and China The U.S.-China Fossil Energy Protocol is intended to promote scientific and technological cooperation between the United States and China in the field of fossil energy, particularly activities related to research, development, demonstration, and deployment. A complementary objective is to create opportunities for U.S. industry and power developers in China. The Protocol was originally signed in 2000 and was renewed in 2005 for an additional

307

Solar Power In China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Power In China Solar Power In China Jump to: navigation, search This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Working on #ask query to display all Chinese solar companies TODO: query not working: need to select only certain "Place" - China and "Sector" - Solar All Solar PV Anwell Technologies Ltd aka Sungen BSL-Solar Beijing Sijimicoe Solar Energy Beijing Sky Solar Investment Management Co Big China Solar Energy Group CETC Solar Energy Centro Renewables Holding Limited China Innovation Investment Limited China Technology Solar Power Holdings Ltd Hong Kong Taiyang Investment Group Co Ltd Hope Solar Sun Bear Solar Ltd Sunrain Trina Solar Yingli Solar ZTE Energy Co Ltd Investment in Solar China's state-owned banks have provided low-cost loans to China's renewable

308

U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Second U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, held May 5-6, 2011 in the U.S. at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, highlighted U.S.-China cooperation on energy...

309

US-China Energy Efficiency Forum  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On May 26th, 2010, the first ever U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum was held in Beijing, China The Forum brought together more than 150 U.S. and Chinese officials from government, industry,...

310

The dynamics of the China logistics industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As required by the WTO accession, China is opening its logistics industry to international logistics companies. What are these companies' strategies in the China market, and how are Chinese domestic logistics companies ...

Cen, Xuepin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China. Prior to 1990, small hydro in China was defined hydrorevised over time and small hydro currently is defined asand does not include small hydro, which are often not grid-

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although lignite composes 16% of China’s coal reserves bys coal reserves are estimated to be 16% lignite by volume.reserves are classified as bituminous coal by volume, versus 29% sub-bituminous and 16% lignite.

Aden, Nathaniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABORATORY Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissionscomponent of China’s total energy consumption mix. However,about 19% of China’s total energy consumption, while others

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY CONSERVATION IN CHINA NORTH INDUSTRIES CORPORATION Wang Tian You, Chen Hua De, Jing Xing Chu, Ling Rui Fu, China North Industries Corporation Beijing, People's Republic of China ABSTRACT This paper describes an overview of the energy... conservation in China North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy effi ciencies and how it changes constitution of fuel-- converting oil consumption to coal. Energy management organization, energy balance in plants...

You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

315

China Cools with Tighter RAC Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Program for Consumer Products: Central Air Conditioners andmost dominant product type in China today is the split air

Lin, Jiang; Rosenquist, Gregory

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Rice functional genomics research in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...compiled by Zhu Chen Rice functional genomics research in China Bin Han 1 7 * Yongbiao...People's Republic of China Rice functional genomics is a scientific approach that seeks to...facilitated research in rice functional genomics in China. The Ministry of Science and...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Gain International Work Experience in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gain International Work Experience in China www.StudyCLI.org "The CLI internship gave me a huge boost both personally and professionally. At 21 years old, I've lived in China and can speak basic city of Guilin, China. CLIinternsengageinadynamicrangeofprojects: Y Establishnewrelationshipswith

Virginia Tech

318

Yangtze Patrol: American Naval Forces in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yangtze Patrol: American Naval Forces in China A Selected, Partially-Annotated Bibliography literature of the United States Navy in China. mvh #12;"Like Chimneys in Summer" The thousands of men who served on the China Station before World War II have been all but forgotten, except in the mythology

319

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable energy source and with abundant solar resources insolar tower pilot in Beijing and provided sufficient China-specific data for evaluating the embodied energy and resourcesolar PV. In light of China’s potential for and barriers to growth, the resource and energy

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

What China Can Learn from  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

What China Can Learn from What China Can Learn from International Experiences in Developing a Demand Response Program Bo Shen, Chun Chun Ni, Girish Ghatikar, Lynn Price Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Preprint version of proceedings of the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy's 2012 Industrial Summer Study, held in Arnhem, the Netherlands, on September 11-14, 2012. June 2012 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program (CSEP) of the Energy Foundation, Azure International, and Dow Chemical Company (through a charitable contribution) through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. LBNL-5578E Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

China’s Functioning Market for Sulfur Dioxide Scrubbing Technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Department of Geography and Resource Management and Institute of Environment, Energy and Sustainability, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China ... (7, 8) The Roth criteria were proposed to fix broken markets or build new ones if they are missing, which could be especially useful for environmental protection as market failure is often the cause. ...

Yuan Xu

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

322

Wind Power in China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in China in China Jump to: navigation, search This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Contents 1 Summary 2 Estimate Potential 3 Current Projects 4 China Manufacturers 4.1 Wind Companies in Wind Power in China 5 China's Wind Goals 6 References Summary Installed wind capacity: approximately 30 GW by end of 2010 (est), added 13.8 GW in 2009 Installed wind capacity doubled each year, Min Deqing China_2050_Wind_Technology_Roadmap Estimate Potential Offshore wind energy generation potential in China estimate to be 11,000 terawatt-hours (TWh) similar to that of the North Sea in western Europe.[1][2] Current Projects 7 large projects or "megabases" (2010) [3] Inner Mongolia approximately 4.3 GW capacity in 2010 (66 projects; 40 more planned)[4] 1.25 GW offshore project in Guangdong

323

Outsourcing CO2 within China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gray) are those goods purchased from or sold to international markets. Italicized labels at the right of each bar indicate...in China1, E includes fuel types of gasoline, kerosene, diesel oil, fuel oil, and liquefied petroleum gas. Data sources...

Kuishuang Feng; Steven J. Davis; Laixiang Sun; Xin Li; Dabo Guan; Weidong Liu; Zhu Liu; Klaus Hubacek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Rethinking China's new great wall  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...seawall building. The amount of reclamation of coastal wetlands divided into time periods (1, 9, 10, 12). Since China's reform in the late 1970s, GDP growth has been the main criterion for assessing the achievements of local governments, and, hence...

Zhijun Ma; David S. Melville; Jianguo Liu; Ying Chen; Hongyan Yang; Wenwei Ren; Zhengwang Zhang; Theunis Piersma; Bo Li

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

325

China as an Energy Producer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the time of the OPEC oil embargo of the United States in 1973-74 stimulated...related to China's production and trade in energy...path of energy production, since the model...between av-erage production growth rates and...respectively, per capita GNP growth...million barrels per day) in the mid-1980's...

NICHOLAS LARDY

1981-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

326

China, India demand cushions prices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite the hopes of coal consumers, coal prices did not plummet in 2006 as demand stayed firm. China and India's growing economies, coupled with solid supply-demand fundamentals in North America and Europe, and highly volatile prices for alternatives are likely to keep physical coal prices from wide swings in the coming year.

Boyle, M.

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Wave energy technology in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Wave energy technology in China Yage...Energy and Gas Hydrate...wave energy technology, summarizing...of an air turbine rotating at...research, development and construction...variable-pitch air turbine for the Azores...Liu2000Research and development of Daguan...National Ocean Technology Center, Tianjin...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Beijing, China, December 1-4 General Chairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beijing, China, December 1-4 General Chairs Hai Jin, China Yun Liu, China Program Chairs Martin Gilje Jaatun, Norway Gansen Zhao, China Program Vice Chairs Franck Cappello (Chair) Hai Jin, China Frode Eika Sandnes, Norway Advisory Committee Mark Musen, USA

Iosup, Alexandru

329

SPECIAL TOPICS SPRING 2015 Doing Business in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPECIAL TOPICS ­ SPRING 2015 Doing Business in China 22:553:671:40 (06596) See a China most people never see! Take advantage of a unique opportunity to see China from an entirely different perspective and sweet but intense in terms of the breadth and depth of exposure to China.... ­ Deepak Coming to China

Lin, Xiaodong

330

Review of China's Low-Carbon City Initiative and Developments in the Coal Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute. China Coalbed Methane Clearinghouse (CBMC). 2004.Research. 2010. “Coalbed Methane in China. ” Standards

Fridley, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Modelling China’s potential maize production at regional scale under climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the continuing warming due to greenhouse gases concentration, it is important to examine the potential impacts on regional crop production spatially and temporally. We assessed China’s potential maize pro...

Wei Xiong; Robin Matthews; Ian Holman; Erda Lin; Yinglong Xu

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The Campaign on atmospheric Aerosol REsearch network of China: CARE-China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on a network of field stations belonging to the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), the “Campaign on atmospheric Aerosol REsearch” network of China (CARE-China) was recently established as the country's first monitoring network for the study ...

Yuesi Wang; Jinyuan Xin; Yuepeng Pan; Dongsheng Ji; Zirui Liu; Tianxue Wen; Yinghong Wang; Xingru Li; Yang Sun; Jie Sun; Pucai Wang; Gehui Wang; Xinming Wang; Zhiyuan Cong; Tao Song; Bo Hu; Lili Wang; Guiqian Tang; Wenkang Gao; Yuhong Guo; Hongyan Miao; Shili Tian; Lu Wang

333

Lessons for China from a comparison of logistics in the U.S. and China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logistics efficiency is low in China. In 2008, total logistics costs accounted for 18.1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in China, which was almost twice that of the United States. Increasing logistics efficiency can save ...

Xiong, Ming, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aizhu Chen. “China’s energy intensity rises 3.2 pct in Q1. ”Table 1 Energy Use, Energy Intensity, and GDP Data (2005-2 Table 2 Frozen 2005 Energy Intensity Baseline and Reported

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

An analysis of China's coal supply and its impact on China's future economic growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many people believe that China's economic growth can continue almost indefinitely. For a manufacturing-based economy such as China's to continue to grow, it needs an adequate supply of inexpensive energy. To date, this energy growth has primarily come from coal, but China's indigenous coal supplies are now falling short of the amount needed to support this growth. In this situation, the status of China's future coal supply will be very important for China's future economic development. Our analysis shows that China's ultimate recoverable coal reserves equal 223.6Ś109 MT, and its production will peak between 2025 and 2030, with peak production of approximately 3.9Ś109 MT. The extent to which China can import coal in the future is uncertain. With rising coal demand, this combination is likely to create a significant challenge to China's future economic development.

Jianliang Wang; Lianyong Feng; Gail E. Tverberg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Will China change international development as we know it?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??abstractWhat do China?s dramatic transformations over the last 30 years imply for development studies and practice? China has lifted a record number of people out… (more)

A. de Haan (Arjan)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Category:Wind power in China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Category: Wind Power in China Pages in category "Wind power in China" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. C China-2050 Wind Technology Roadmap S Suzlon...

338

U.S.-China Clean Energy Fora | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Efficiency Forum, the U.S.-China Renewable Energy Forum and the U.S.-China Advanced Biofuels Forum in Beijing with China's National Energy Administration Director General Zhang...

339

In Quest to Save Energy, China Ignores Simple Answer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...JIANFENG/CHINA FEATURES...things looked, China showed it could...is the “top-1000 energy-consuming enterprises” program...is the “large substituting...savings. China's $586 billion...would increase industrial boiler efficiency...

Hao Xin

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

340

New Roads to Capitalism: China and Global Value Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transform into an export powerhouse. In the 1970s, China’scompetitive export powerhouse. Why has China’s economictransform into an export powerhouse, the entire chain had to

Dallas, Mark Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Global Imbalances: Is Germany the new China? A Skeptical View  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Imbalances: Is Germany the new China? A Skepticalpatterns of China and Germany. We point out that China'srecent years resembles that of Germany’s. Yet, an important

Aizenman, Joshua; Sengupta, Rajeswari

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world’s largest annual CO 2 emitter in 2007, China has set reduction targets for energy and carbon intensities

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

China's Water Resources: Crisis and Opportunity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

China's Water Resources: Crisis and Opportunity China's Water Resources: Crisis and Opportunity Speaker(s): Ma Jun Date: June 17, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 The rivers in China, and the hundreds of millions who depend on them, are in trouble. A water crisis looms large in most parts of China. In his book, China Water Crisis, Ma Jun traces 4,000 years of the history of China's watersheds, and their mis/management. Armed with scientific data and compelling stories, Ma reveals the causes and character of the looming ecological disaster. His book has been quoted in The Economist and many western media. Limited water resources pose a major threat to social and economic development in the 21st century. Three Gorges Dam and redirecting water from south to north occupy the main focus of the efforts to increase

344

China 2050 Pathways Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China 2050 Pathways Calculator China 2050 Pathways Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: China 2050 Pathways Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: China's Energy Research Institute (ERI), UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Renewable Energy Phase: Evaluate Options, Prepare a Plan Topics: Low-carbon plans/TNAs/NAMAs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices, Online calculator User Interface: Website Website: china-en.2050calculator.net/pathways/111011011011101101011010111101101 Country: China OpenEI Keyword(s): International Eastern Asia Language: English References: Global Energy Governance Reform, 3 October 2012[1]

345

Carbon Embodiment in US-China Trade  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Embodiment in US-China Trade Carbon Embodiment in US-China Trade Speaker(s): Bin Shui Date: July 26, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Eric Masanet The soaring US trade deficits with China have frequently been in the headlines and are an urgent issue for policymakers in Washington DC. However, the associated environmental impacts, especially carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) embodied in the US-China trade flows, have not yet drawn sufficient attention. This talk examines the influence of US-China trade on national and global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). I will discuss three basic questions: (1) How much of CO2 emissions in the US are avoided by importing Chinese goods? (2) How much are CO2 emissions in China increased as a result of the production of goods for export to the US? and

346

Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China Prof. Jinyang Zheng Director of IPE, Zhejiang University Director of Engineering Research Center for High Pressure Process Equipment and Safety, Ministry of Education Vice Director of China National Safety Committee of Pressure Vessels Vice President of CMES-P.R. China China Representative of ISO/TC197 and ISO/TC58 U.S. Department of Transportation and U. S. Department of Energy Workshop: Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels: Lessons Learned for the Safe Development of Vehicles,Dec.10-11,2009, Washington Safety and Regulatory Structure for CNG,CNG-H2,H2 Vehicles and Fuels in China Content Hydrogen Production CNG Refueling Station Hydrogen Refueling Station Shanxi HCNG Project U.S. Department of Transportation and U. S. Department of Energy Workshop: Compressed Natural Gas and

347

China End-Use Energy Demand Modeling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

China End-Use Energy Demand Modeling China End-Use Energy Demand Modeling Speaker(s): Nan Zhou Date: October 8, 2009 (All day) Location: 90-3122 As a consequence of soaring energy demand due to the staggering pace of its economic growth, China overtook the United States in 2007 to become the world's biggest contributor to CO2 emissions (IEA, 2007). Since China is still in an early stage of industrialization and urbanization, economic development promises to keep China's energy demand growing strongly. Furthermore, China's reliance on fossil fuel is unlikely to change in the long term, and increased needs will only heighten concerns about energy security and climate change. In response, the Chinese government has developed a series of policies and targets aimed at improving energy efficiency, including both short-term targets and long-term strategic

348

Clutter-Based Evaporation Duct Estimation Performance Using Meteorological Statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California, Mediterranean, Persian Gulf, and Coast of Brazil. The effects of the radar frequency (S, C, and X, such as the Mediterranean, Persian Gulf, East China Sea, and California Coast, atmospheric ducts are common occurrences

Gerstoft, Peter

349

Renewable Energy Policy in China: Overview; Renewable Energy in China. NREL International Programs Fact Sheet.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Continues > Continues > PIX01870, Credit: Roger Taylor Academy of Science building in Beijing. Renewable Energy Policy in China: Overview China's policies on renewable energy devel- opment fall into three categories. Similar to the way renewable policies are set in the United States, China's central government establishes the first two levels of policy. Local governments, including provincial, munici-

350

Has the turning point of China?s wind power industry really come?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract China?s wind power industry experienced rapid growth before 2009. However, the growing rate slowed down and the problem of wind curtailment was serious recent years. This paper focuses on the analysis of the turning point of China?s wind power industry combing with life circle theory. With a panoramic view of status quo, based on the resource endowment, capacity development and future trends, we draw the following conclusions: (1) China?s potential wind power reserves are still rich and the development of wind power industry will sustain growth for some period in the future. (2) As for market structure aspect, oligopolistic characteristic of China?s wind power market is still obvious. The market share of China?s wind power generation is not very high enough in the total generation market. (3) Turning point of China?s wind power industry has not come yet and the slowing down of development speed at present is mainly caused by inappropriate government intervention. It is estimated the turning point of wind power industry will come around 2020.

Xin-gang Zhao; Yu-ang Wei; Ling-zhi Ren

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

China rationalizes its renewable energy policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China's over-reliance on thermal power generation, especially coal-fired power stations, is well-documented. While nuclear power continues as an option to coal, China's strides in renewable energy are unprecedented. Recent amendments to the Renewable Energy Law, first promulgated in 2006, attempt to rationalize the regulatory regime governing wind, solar, hydropower and biomass projects in China, currently fraught with inadequate interconnection and tariff shock issues. (author)

Su, Jack H.; Hui, Simone S.; Tsen, Kevin H.

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

NAWS-China Lake Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

g g y g y S S C C NAWS NAWS - - China Lake China Lake Working with the Local Utility Working with the Local Utility Mark Shvartzman Mark Shvartzman Project Manager, Southern California Edison Project Manager, Southern California Edison Presented at the November FUPWG Meeting Presented at the November FUPWG Meeting November 18, 2009 November 18, 2009 1 1 g E t bli h d i 1998 d Ad i Fili 1358 E History of SCE's UESC Program History of SCE's UESC Program History of SCE s UESC Program History of SCE s UESC Program * Background - Edison developed Energy Related Services (ERS) to assist Federal customers in identifying and implementing energy efficiency and renewable energy projects at government owned and/or managed facilities within Southern California Edison service territory - Established in 1998 under Advice Filing 1358-E

353

Office of China Renewable Energy Development Project REDP | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Office of China Renewable Energy Development Project REDP Jump to: navigation, search Name: Office of China Renewable Energy Development Project (REDP) Place: Beijing, Beijing...

354

China Solar Energy Ltd Tianpu Xianxing Group aka Beijing Universal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China Solar Energy Ltd Tianpu Xianxing Group aka Beijing Universal Antecedence Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Solar Energy Ltd (Tianpu Xianxing Group, aka Beijing...

355

The Political Economy of Wind Power in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Joanna Kentish. ?Renewable energy policy and electricityand Li Junfeng. ?Renewable Energy Policy Update for China. ?Republic of China Renewable Energy Policy [??????????? ??].

Swanson, Ryan Landon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure. From 51% of total energy consumption in 1980, thefor 61% of total energy consumption. Industrial energy usethis scenario, China’s total energy consumption by 2020 will

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

HCNG Engine Testing and HCNG Vehicle Marketing in China | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HCNG Engine Testing and HCNG Vehicle Marketing in China HCNG Engine Testing and HCNG Vehicle Marketing in China These slides were presented at the International Hydrogen Fuel and...

358

Peak CO2? China's Emissions Trajectories to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Figures Figure 1. Primary Energy Consumption in DifferentBy 2050, China’s primary energy consumption will risethe lower projected primary energy consumption in 2050 under

Zhou, Nan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy and GDP Per Capita, with China 2050 Scenarios Carbon EmissionsEnergy and GDP Per Capita, with China 2050 Scenarios .. 37 Figure 39 Carbon Emissions

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative Wind Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation (HCWE) (aka China...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

China-Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website http:www.esmap.orgfilezpub Country China Eastern Asia References China Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy1 Overview "The study involves the development of...

362

Development of a Low-Carbon Indicator System for China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of China’s jet fuel and marine fuel oil usage in 2009. Inare not), and that some marine fuel oil is used for ships

Price, Lynn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Development of a Low-Carbon Indicator System for China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of China’s jet fuel and marine fuel oil usage in 2009. Inare not), and that some marine fuel oil is used for ships

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Vestas Wind Technology China Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co Ltd Place: Tianjin Municipality, China Zip: 300462 Sector: Wind energy Product: A manufacturer engaged in producing wind turbine in China. References: Vestas Wind...

365

The Political Economy of Wind Power in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pumped storage reservoirs and electric vehicles—will undoubtedly play an important role in integrating wind power into China‘s electricity system

Swanson, Ryan Landon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa AgencyCompany...

367

China-NETL Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research Agreements Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) MOUs China National Petroleum Corporation MOU DOE FE Bilateral Fossil Energy Protocols References NETL...

368

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

curtail-chinas-coal- gasification-for-fuel-yet-conversion-Biogas and Biomass Gasification Liquid Biofuels Bioethanolcombustion, biomass gasification and biomass co-fired coal

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Kina- och Rysslandsfonder; China and Russia Funds.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Purpose: Aims of this paper is to evaluate a comparative study between China and Russia funds in respect of the risks and returns. We… (more)

Orhan, Banu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Potential of geothermal energy in China .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis provides an overview of geothermal power generation and the potential for geothermal energy utilization in China. Geothermal energy is thermal energy stored in… (more)

Sung, Peter On

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Geothermal Power Development energy development. Geothermal Power Technology OverviewChina, the binary cycle geothermal power plant is assumed to

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cycle inventory for hydroelectric generation: a BrazilianChina currently has 15 hydroelectric projects of over 1 GWonly conventional large hydroelectric generation and does

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compared to other renewable energy policies illustrate thatExpansion Policy Drivers Renewable Energy Law of China TheRenewable Energy Law, other technology-specific policies

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China Profits from Solar Policy as Europe Backpedals. ”energy such as solar and wind, policy support for hydropower17 2.4.1 Solar PV Policies, Incentives and

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

China Building Design Consultants | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consultants Place: Beijing Municipality, China Sector: Solar Product: Beijing-based architecture design, market research, and engineering company. The firm is a solar project...

376

Zong-Liang Yang CV Page 1 of 39 Curriculum Vitae for Dr. Zong-Liang Yang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

within China. NOAA/National Weather Service Office of Hydrologic Development (OHD) Hydrology Graduate Resources in Saudi Arabia,

Texas at Austin, University of

377

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monitoring of Direct Energy Consumption in Long-Term2007. “Constraining Energy Consumption of China’s LargestProgram: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

-A Scilmca Smvico F m t u q Released upon receipt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

batmaon the hiditerranem rdgiOn and southarn Arabia, tha Persian Gulf, India and Ceylon, f o r at ths E d Persian Gulf, and the Gr33ks msre familiar with th3m at l o a s t a6 far back 5s tho t i m J of Aloxandm

379

1 Introduction 4 2 Prediction of the Refractivity Environment 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

{model simula- tions of the refractivity environment over the Persian Gulf on the occasions of research ights in the Persian Gulf in a period when aircraft observations had been taken (Brooks et al., 1997, 1999), resulting from the ow of hot, dry air from Saudi Arabia over the waters of the Gulf. Because it is also

Plant, Robert

380

A13B-0215: Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene accumulation on the unprotected leading edge of the aircraft's wing during the 9 April 2009 research in Saudi diameters compared to a normal cell. Cloud base CCN measurements in Saudi Arabia are variable with some

Delene, David J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Villagers Drafted Into China's Model of 'Sustainability'  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...single-story homes of Huangbaiyu, or “Yellow Cyprus Valley,” are the nucleus of China's...China to slash its voracious consumption of natural resources and convert wasted rural space...materials, and residents will cook with gas distilled from agricultural waste...

Richard Stone

2006-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

382

China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heat rate of fossil fuel-fired power generation of 0.371 kgce/kWh in 2008 (NBS, 2010), including transmission and distribution lossesheat rate of fossil fuel-fired power generation was 0.345 kgce/kWh (NBS, 2010), and assumed China’s electricity transmission and distribution losses:

Fridley, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of China’s total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on China’s success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

GC China Turbine Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GC China Turbine Corp GC China Turbine Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name GC China Turbine Corp Place Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Sector Wind energy Product China-base wind turbine manufacturer. Coordinates 30.572399°, 114.279121° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.572399,"lon":114.279121,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

385

Chengdu China Photoelectric Apollo | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China Photoelectric Apollo China Photoelectric Apollo Jump to: navigation, search Name Chengdu China Photoelectric Apollo Place Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China Sector Solar Product China-based JV research and developer of thin film solar production. Coordinates 30.67°, 104.071022° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.67,"lon":104.071022,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

386

DOE Solar Decathlon: Team China: Tongji University  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Team China: Tongji University Team China: Tongji University Team China's entry to the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011, Y Container, was constructed from six recycled shipping containers arranged to form an equilateral Y shape. The Y Container concept targeted young professionals in China, where disparities between incomes and housing costs make owning a home prohibitive. At the time of the competition, Y Container was scheduled to be transported back to Tongji University, where it was to be part of a new Green Energy Exhibition on campus. No further information is available. Photo of the Y Container. Enlarge image Team China's Y Container consists of six containers that were shipped to Washington, D.C., with all the team's parts and materials inside-ready for assembly on the National Mall.

387

China-GHG Monitoring | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » China-GHG Monitoring (Redirected from GIZ-China GHG Monitoring) Jump to: navigation, search Name China - GHG Monitoring Agency/Company /Organization German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), Center for Clean Air Policy Partner on behalf of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country China Eastern Asia References GTZ in the People's Republic of China[1] Overview The project aims to develop capacities for a GHG-Monitoring system and an

388

CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe and Liu Hongwu #12;CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe of China China's Evolving Policy towards Peace and Security in Africa: Constructing a new paradigm

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

389

The China Survey Texas A&M University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The China Survey Texas A&M University Board of Overseers: Robert Harmel, Political Science, Texas A of Pittsburgh Announcement of Invitation to Propose Items The China Survey is a nationwide, multi-disciplinary, social science survey of China. It is a major infrastructure project of The China Archive, Survey

BermĂșdez, JosĂ© Luis

390

China's Urban Transportation System: Issues and Policies Facing Cities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China's Urban Transportation System: Issues and Policies Facing Cities Chris Cherry WORKING PAPER UCB-ITS-VWP-2005-4 August 2005 #12;1 1. Introduction China is the most populous country in the world are on the forefront of the political and academic agenda in China and throughout the world. China has experienced

California at Berkeley, University of

391

The Role of China in Mitigating Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore short- and long-term implications of several energy scenarios of China’s role in efforts to mitigate global climate risk. The focus is on the impacts on China’s energy system and GDP growth, and on global climate ...

Paltsev, S.

392

Energy Efficiency Labeling System & its Development in China  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Information about the regulations, formats, objectives, and implementation of energy efficiency labeling in China.

393

China energy, environment, and climate study: Background issues paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developing countries, China has made significant?and relatively successful?efforts to promote renewable energy

Sinton, Jonathan E.; Fridley, David G.; Logan, Jeffrey; Guo, Yuan; Wang, Bangcheng; Xu, Qing

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A Surgeon in Wartime China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for this long over-water hop. 10 A SURGEON IN WARTIME CHINA All types of aircraft were being flown across this route, from fighters fitted with extra tanks to medium and heavy bombers. Again we were fortunate in being assigned to a heavy four-motored... procedure was for ships to land at Ascension Island, refuel and go right on, but it was necessary of course to do something about our ailing motors. The afternoon and early morning hours were spent getting them in running order again. In the meantime we...

Powell, Lyle Stephenson

1946-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation CARCU | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation CARCU China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation CARCU Jump to: navigation, search Name China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation (CARCU) Place Beijing Municipality, China Zip 100082 Sector Efficiency, Services Product National industrial association dedicated to resource utilisation efficiency, and envirionmental protection. It also delivers services on policy research and technical consulting. References China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation (CARCU)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation (CARCU) is a company located in Beijing Municipality, China . References

396

Conceptualization of a fresh groundwater lens influenced by climate change: A modeling study of an arid-region island in the Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Understanding the fresh groundwater lens (FGL) behavior and potential threat of climatic-induced seawater intrusion (SWI) are significant for the future water resources management of many small islands. In this paper, the FGL of Kish Island, an arid-region case in the Persian Gulf, Iran, is modeled using two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) simulations. These simulations are based on the application of SUTRA, a density-dependent groundwater numerical model. Also, the numerical model parameters are calibrated using PEST, an automated parameter estimation code. Firstly a detailed conceptualization of the FGL model is completed to understand the sensitivity of the FGL to some particular aspects of the model prior to analysis of climate change simulations. For these investigations, the FGL system is defined based on Kish Island system to accomplish the integrated comparison of features of a conceptual model that are representative of real-world systems. This is the first study which adopts such an approach. The comparison of cross-sectional simulations suggests that the two-layer properties of the Kish Island aquifer have a significant influence on the FGL while the impacts of lateral-boundary irregularities are negligible. The impacts of sea-level rise (SLR), associated land-surface inundation (LSI), and variations in recharge rate on the FGL salinization of Kish Island are investigated numerically. Variations of SLR value (1–4 m) and net recharge rate (17–24 mm/year) are considered to cover a possible range of climatic scenarios in this arid-region island. The 2D and 3D simulation results demonstrate that LSI caused by SLR and recharge rate variation impacts are more important factors in the FGL in comparison to estimated SLR impacts without LSI. It is also shown that climate change impacts on the FGL are long-term to reach a new FGL equilibrium in the case of Kish Island’s aquifer system. The comparative analysis of 2D and 3D results shows that three-dimensionality is a significant factor, especially in large-scale 3D systems of small islands. The results of this study are expected to have implications for the understanding and management of the fresh groundwater resources of Kish Island and are also expected to be relevant to the study of the impact of climate change on groundwater resources on islands worldwide.

Davood Mahmoodzadeh; Hamed Ketabchi; Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani; Craig T. Simmons

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

E-Print Network 3.0 - altun northwest china Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

northwest Fukien ( Fujian) Prov., China. Distribution: southern China; northern Myanmar; Thailand; Laos... ; Cambodia; Laos; Vietnam; Southern China (Hainan, Hong Kong, and...

398

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andfor Residential Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andof Residential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan ZhouResidential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou*,

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

US-China_Fact_Sheet_Electric_Vehicles.pdf | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

US-ChinaFactSheetElectricVehicles.pdf More Documents & Publications THE WHITE HOUSE FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements US-China Clean...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Review of China's Low-Carbon City Initiative and Developments in the Coal Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

N. 2010. “Development of Coal Gasification & PolygenerationChina: 11 June 2010. China Coal Information ResearchInstitute (CIRI). N.d. China Coal Industry Yearbook (in

Fridley, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Estimation of CO2 Emissions from China's Cement Production: Methodologies and Uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the coal-dominated energy mix. We note that China’sof final energy consumption and fuel mix of China’s cement

Ke, Jing

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Study Abroad in China Summer Course PB495/595: Plant Resources and Ecology in Eastern China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study Abroad in China ­ Summer Course PB495/595: Plant Resources and Ecology in Eastern China to famous mountains, wetland parks, and lakes in eastern China, students will gain skills in field botany and knowledge of wetland and lake ecology, plant biodiversity and its uses in China. The course enhances cross

Xiang, Jenny Qiuyun

404

China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China’s Largest Industrial Enterprises Through the Top-1000Top-1000 Energy- Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in ChinaTop-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program : Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China

Price, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The effect of component efficiency and operating conditions on the 50-kW dish Stirling system in Riyadh, Saudia Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper deals with the development of a weather data base and the performance prediction of a 50-kW dish Stirling system. An analysis of direct solar insolation data for 1985 from the site in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was made to determine the available solar energy. A parameter study was done of the effects of component efficiencies and operating conditions on instantaneous and yearly average system efficiency using the prepared weather data. The system performance was found to be most affected by wind, mirror reflectivity, and exact placement of the receiver in the focal point of the mirror.

Noyes, G.W. (Deutsche Forshungsanstait fur Luft-und Raumfahrt, Inst. fur Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldrign 38-40, 7000 Stuttgart 80 (DE))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In addition to promoting energy efficiency, China has actively pursued alternative energy development as a strategy to reduce its energy demand and carbon emissions. One area of particular focus has been to raise the share of alternative energy in China’s rapidly growing electricity generation with a 2020 target of 15% share of total primary energy. Over the last ten years, China has established several major renewable energy regulations along with programs and subsidies to encourage the growth of non-fossil alternative energy including solar, wind, nuclear, hydro, geothermal and biomass power as well as biofuels and coal alternatives. This study thus seeks to examine China’s alternative energy in terms of what has and will continue to drive alternative energy development in China as well as analyze in depth the growth potential and challenges facing each specific technology. This study found that despite recent policies enabling extraordinary capacity and investment growth, alternative energy technologies face constraints and barriers to growth. For relatively new technologies that have not achieved commercialization such as concentrated solar thermal, geothermal and biomass power, China faces technological limitations to expanding the scale of installed capacity. While some alternative technologies such as hydropower and coal alternatives have been slowed by uneven and often changing market and policy support, others such as wind and solar PV have encountered physical and institutional barriers to grid integration. Lastly, all alternative energy technologies face constraints in human resources and raw material resources including land and water, with some facing supply limitations in critical elements such as uranium for nuclear, neodymium for wind and rare earth metals for advanced solar PV. In light of China’s potential for and barriers to growth, the resource and energy requirement for alternative energy technologies were modeled and scenario analysis used to evaluate the energy and emission impact of two pathways of alternative energy development. The results show that China can only meets its 2015 and 2020 targets for non-fossil penetration if it successfully achieves all of its capacity targets for 2020 with continued expansion through 2030. To achieve this level of alternative generation, significant amounts of raw materials including 235 Mt of concrete, 54 Mt of steel, 5 Mt of copper along with 3 billion tons of water and 64 thousand square kilometers of land are needed. China’s alternative energy supply will likely have relatively high average energy output to fossil fuel input ratio of 42 declining to 26 over time, but this ratio is largely skewed by nuclear and hydropower capacity. With successful alternative energy development, 32% of China’s electricity and 21% of its total primary energy will be supplied by alternative energy by 2030. Compared to the counterfactual baseline in which alternative energy development stumbles and China does not meet its capacity targets until 2030, alternative energy development can displace 175 Mtce of coal inputs per year and 2080 Mtce cumulatively from power generation by 2030. In carbon terms, this translates into 5520 Mt of displaced CO{sub 2} emissions over the twenty year period, with more than half coming from expanded nuclear and wind power generation. These results illustrate the critical role that alternative energy development can play alongside energy efficiency in reducing China’s energy-related carbon emissions.

Zheng, Nina; Fridley, David

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

407

Modeling and optimization of hybrid wind–solar-powered reverse osmosis water desalination system in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A hybrid wind/solar powered reverse osmosis desalination system has been modeled and simulated. The results of the simulation have been used to optimize the system for the minimum cost per cubic meter of the desalinated water. The performance of the hybrid wind/solar powered RO system has been analyzed under Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, weather data for a typical year. The performance has been evaluated under a constant RO load of 1 kW for 12 h/day and 24 h/day. The simulation results revealed that the optimum system that powers a 1-kW RO system for 12 h/day that yields a minimum levelized cost of energy comprises 2 wind turbines, 40 \\{PVs\\} modules and 6 batteries and the levelized cost of energy of such system is found to be 0.624 $/kW h. On the other hand, for a load of 1-kW for 24 h/day, the optimum system consists of 6 wind turbines, 66 \\{PVs\\} modules and 16 batteries with a minimum levelized cost of energy 0.672 $/kW h. Depending on the salinity of the raw water, the energy consumption for desalination ranges between 8 and 20 kW h/m3. This means that the cost of using the proposed optimum hybrid wind/solar system for water desalination will range between $3.693/m3 and $3. 812/m3 which is less than the range reported in the literature.

Esmail M.A. Mokheimer; Ahmet Z. Sahin; Abdullah Al-Sharafi; Ahmad I. Ali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Meeting China’s Water Shortage Crisis: Current Practices and Challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand for clean freshwater is rising in China due to the increasing population, rapidly developing economic and social system, accelerated urbanization, and improvements in both the standard of living and the surrounding ecosystems. ... These coastal provinces account for approximately 67% of China’s GDP, yet the annual per capita renewable freshwater availability is only 1266 m3, or demands for MSW disposal and alternative energy. ...

Hefa Cheng; Yuanan Hu; Jianfu Zhao

2009-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

409

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the energy performance of coal fired power plants with post-performance of pulverized coal fired power stations with69 Table 30: China Coal-Fired Electricity Generation

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric-car plans: report. ” Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2010-03/16/content_9597028.htm China Energy

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Economic impacts and challenges of China’s petroleum industry: An input–output analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is generally acknowledged that the petroleum industry plays an important role in China’s national economic and social development. The direct, indirect, and induced impacts of China’s petroleum industry are analyzed in this study by using the Input–Output approach. The study also considers the main challenges that China’s economy might face in the future. The research results suggest the following: (1) The total economic impacts coefficients on output, given each unit of final demands change in extraction of petroleum and processing of petroleum, are 1.9180 and 3.2747 respectively, and the corresponding economic impacts coefficients on GDP are 1.0872 and 0.9001 respectively; (2) Extraction of petroleum has a more direct impact on GDP, while processing of petroleum has a greater effect on the total output; (3) Extraction of petroleum’s total economic impacts coefficients on both output and GDP have remained stable in recent years after a period of long decline; processing of petroleum’s total economic impacts coefficient on output is steadily increasing; (4) Import uncertainty, the likelihood of rising oil prices, and net oil exports caused by items manufactured with petroleum products (i.e. “Made in China” goods) are the main challenges the petroleum industry will cause for China’s overall economy.

Tang Xu; Zhang Baosheng; Feng Lianyong; Marwan Masri; Afshin Honarvar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

75 Figure 60 Planned HVDC Projects inmine-mouth generation with HVDC by 2062 Mtce 4393 Mt CO 2intermittency. Figure 60 Planned HVDC Projects in China

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Supercomputing and Energy in China: How Investment in HPC Affects Oil Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in HPC Affects Oil Security Jordan WILSON Researcher, StudyChina’s energy security challenge briefly, an oil deficit ofOil Weapon: Myth of China’s Vulnerability,” China Security,

WILSON, Jordan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were used to calculate the energy mix in manufacturing,of China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accuratelyof China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accurately

Fridley, David G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements November 17, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Beijing, China - Today, President Barack Obama and President Hu Jintao announced a far-reaching package of measures to strengthen cooperation between the United States and China on clean energy. Please see the attached fact sheets for additional details on each of the U.S-China clean energy announcements. 1. U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center. The two Presidents announced the establishment of the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center. The Center will facilitate joint research and development of clean energy technologies by teams of scientists and engineers from the United States and China, as well as serve as a clearinghouse to help

416

U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

-China Clean Energy Announcements -China Clean Energy Announcements U.S.-China Clean Energy Announcements November 17, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Beijing, China - Today, President Barack Obama and President Hu Jintao announced a far-reaching package of measures to strengthen cooperation between the United States and China on clean energy. Please see the attached fact sheets for additional details on each of the U.S-China clean energy announcements. 1. U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center. The two Presidents announced the establishment of the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center. The Center will facilitate joint research and development of clean energy technologies by teams of scientists and engineers from the United States and China, as well as serve as a clearinghouse to help researchers in each country. The Center will be supported by public and

417

Astronomy in Ancient and Medieval China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

2 May 1974 research-article Astronomy in Ancient and Medieval China J. Needham Chinese astronomy differed from that of the Western world in two important respects: (a) it was polar and equatorial rather than planetary and ecliptic, (b...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Latest Development of CFB Boilers in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The circulating fluidized bed (CFB) coal-fired boiler has being rapidly developed ... the development history and development status of the CFB boiler in China are introduced. The development history of the CFB b...

G. X. Yue; H. R. Yang; J. F. Lu; H. Zhang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

U.S.-China vehicle annex  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The United States and China conduct information exchanges, joint studies, technology demonstrations, and training sessions with national laboratories, automotive industry partners, and other private industries involved in energy efficient transportation.

420

Jordan ships oil shale to China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jordan and China have signed an agreement to develop oil shale processing technology that could lead to a 200 ton/day oil shale plant in Jordan. China will process 1200 tons of Jordanian oil shale at its Fu Shun refinery. If tests are successful, China could build the demonstration plant in Jordan's Lajjun region, where the oil shale resource is estimated at 1.3 billion tons. China plans to send a team to Jordan to conduct a plant design study. A Lajjun oil shale complex could produce as much as 50,000 b/d of shale oil. An earlier 500 ton shipment of shale is said to have yielded promising results.

Not Available

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Reflections on energy issues in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy, which has a bearing on both economic ... of China. The article analyses the current world energy status and development trend from the perspectives of resources, production and consumption and in the cont...

Ze-min Jiang ???

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The China-in-Global Energy Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The China-in-Global Energy Model (C-GEM) is a global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model that captures the interaction of production, consumption and trade among multiple global regions and sectors – including five ...

Qi, T.

423

Developing a private equity business in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The private equity business, a good complement to the public equity market and the debt market, has been playing an increasing role in China. However, there is no universal formula for doing this business. As an art rather ...

Gui, Zhaoyu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Status of Solar Thermal Conversion in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

China has an abundant solar energy resource. Solar thermal conversion systems have been studied for more than 25 years and solar thermal industry has been developing since 1990’s....2 solar collectors were sold a...

Yin Zhiqiang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exploring small-scale solar tower demonstration project andfilm PV cells, and CSP solar tower. Figure 3. Map of China'sCSP technologies such as solar towers and parabolic troughs.

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Health Damages from Air Pollution in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in substantial adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...

Matus, Kira

427

A strategy of memory : Suzhou, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thesis is trying to establish a strategy of memory for the urban preservation of old cities, like Suzhou, within the context of the rapid growing economy in Southern China. The general attitude towards the problem ...

Chang, Ping Hung

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

China Export Partners | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China Export Partners China Export Partners Place Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip 100027 Sector Solar Product A Beijing-based sourcing and quality control company. Sources photovoltaic solar modules and components in mainland China through division CEP Solar. Coordinates 39.90601°, 116.387909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.90601,"lon":116.387909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

429

Solar absorption cooling in South China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes a major energy research project carried out in China and Hong Kong over the last ten years. It covers medium temperature solar collectors, cooling and hot water supply systems and describes the design and manufacture of a novel two-stage absorption Li-Br chiller. One of the primary objectives of this project was to encourage technology transfer to China of the manufacturing processes relating to medium temperature solar collectors.

Ward, H.S.; Chu, C.Y. [Lingnan College/Hong Kong Polytechnic, Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Huang, Z.C.; Xia, W. [Guangzhou Inst. of Energy Conversion (China)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Environmental Impacts of Products in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

These fuels include natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and, particularly, coal, which is still being widely and intensively used in the rural China for household cooking and heating as well as for generating electricity. ... Above all, it is notable that the economic growth of China depends substantially on investment and export. ... Also, the European economy is more balanced with almost equal exports and imports. ...

Yi Yang; Sangwon Suh

2011-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

431

Air China will conduct China's first biofuel test flight (photo: Boeing announces major initiatives to develop, commercialize and fly sustainable jet biofuels in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air China will conduct China's first biofuel test flight (photo: Boeing) Boeing announces major initiatives to develop, commercialize and fly sustainable jet biofuels in China Fri 28 May 2010 ­ Boeing a sustainable aviation biofuels industry in the country. The US aircraft manufacturer says the strategic

432

Quantifying Regional Economic Impacts of CO2 Intensity Targets in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To address rising energy use and CO2 emissions, China’s leadership has enacted energy and CO2 intensity

Zhang, Da

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

China-International Industrial Energy Efficiency Deployment Project | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-International Industrial Energy Efficiency Deployment Project China-International Industrial Energy Efficiency Deployment Project Jump to: navigation, search Name China-International Industrial Energy Efficiency Deployment Project Agency/Company /Organization United States Department of Energy (USDOE), Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Alliance for Energy Efficient Economy (India), Confederation of Indian Industry Sector Energy Focus Area Industry Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning, Technology characterizations Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country China Eastern Asia References International Industrial Energy Efficiency Deployment Project[1] Overview China "China is prioritizing a low carbon, energy efficient economy and has

434

Pollution in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... refineries and similar plants associated with oil; 11 cement plants; 8 fertiliser plants; 26 desalination and power plants.

Robert Walgate

1978-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

435

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

436

Aviation fuel demand development in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper analyzes the core factors and the impact path of aviation fuel demand in China and conducts a structural decomposition analysis of the aviation fuel cost changes and increase of the main aviation enterprises’ business profits. Through the establishment of an integrated forecast model for China’s aviation fuel demand, this paper confirms that the significant rise in China’s aviation fuel demand because of increasing air services demand is more than offset by higher aviation fuel efficiency. There are few studies which use a predictive method to decompose, estimate and analyze future aviation fuel demand. Based on a structural decomposition with indirect prediction, aviation fuel demand is decomposed into efficiency and total amount (aviation fuel efficiency and air transport total turnover). The core influencing factors for these two indexes are selected using path analysis. Then, univariate and multivariate models (ETS/ARIMA model and Bayesian multivariate regression) are used to analyze and predict both aviation fuel efficiency and air transport total turnover. At last, by integrating results, future aviation fuel demand is forecast. The results show that the aviation fuel efficiency goes up by 0.8% as the passenger load factor increases 1%; the air transport total turnover goes up by 3.8% and 0.4% as the urbanization rate and the per capita GDP increase 1%, respectively. By the end of 2015, China’s aviation fuel demand will have increased to 28 million tonnes, and is expected to be 50 million tonnes by 2020. With this in mind, increases in the main aviation enterprises’ business profits must be achieved through the further promotion of air transport.

Jian Chai; Zhong-Yu Zhang; Shou-Yang Wang; Kin Keung Lai; John Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

China Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name China Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd Place China Sector Solar Product China Guangdong Nuclear's division on solar project development. References China Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. China Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd is a company located in China . References ↑ "China Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=China_Guangdong_Nuclear_Solar_Energy_Co_Ltd&oldid=343500" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here

438

China Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd China Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd Place China Sector Wind energy Product Wind farm development subsidiary of Longyuan Electricity Power Group and Xiongya Investment. References China Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. China Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd is a company located in China . References ↑ "China Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=China_Longyuan_Wind_Power_Co_Ltd&oldid=343509" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

439

US-China Clean Energy Fora | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clean Energy Fora Clean Energy Fora US-China Clean Energy Fora US-China Clean Energy Fora On May 26-27, 2010, U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary David Sandalow co-hosted the inaugural U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, the U.S.-China Renewable Energy Forum and the U.S.-China Advanced Biofuels Forum in Beijing with China's National Energy Administration Director General Zhang Guobao and National Development and Reform Commission Vice Chairman Zhang Xiaoqiang. These three fora were established under the clean energy cooperation measures announced by President Barack Obama and President Hu Jintao in November, 2009. The Second U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum occurred on May 5-6, 2011 in Berkeley, California. These clean energy fora were supported by the U.S.-China Energy Cooperation

440

China Power International Shanghai Green CLP JV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CLP JV CLP JV Jump to: navigation, search Name China Power International, Shanghai Green & CLP JV Place Shanghai, Shanghai Municipality, China Sector Wind energy Product China-based JV for projects development and wind turbine maintenance. References China Power International, Shanghai Green & CLP JV[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. China Power International, Shanghai Green & CLP JV is a company located in Shanghai, Shanghai Municipality, China . References ↑ "China Power International, Shanghai Green & CLP JV" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=China_Power_International_Shanghai_Green_CLP_JV&oldid=34352

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Chinese online BBS sphere : what BBS has brought to China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores various aspects of the online Bulletin Board System (BBS) world as they relate to the possibilities of the public sphere in China. It addresses two major questions: what has BBS brought to China where ...

Jin, Liwen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Category:Solar Power in China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. A All Solar PV C China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company China Guodian Corporation Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

443

Category:Wind Power in China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in China Pages in category "Wind Power in China" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. G Guangdong Baolihua New Energy Corporation S Sinovel Wind Group Co....

444

China energy issues : energy intensity, coal liquefaction, and carbon pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In my dissertation I explore three independent, but related, topics on China's energy issues. First, I examine the drivers for provincial energy-intensity trends in China, and finds that technology innovation is the key ...

Wu, Ning, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Germany and China -an Innovative Partnership in Information Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Stephan STEGLICH, Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems Brief Introduction to CNNIC and IDNGermany and China - an Innovative Partnership in Information Technology Hasso Plattner Institute Internet Society of China (ISC), Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) Innovating information technology

Weske, Mathias

446

Inbound freight consolidation for US manufacturers at China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, China has become the world factory for a sizable portion of products. Most manufacturing conglomerates in the United States now have contract manufacturing plants in China. Because many of these US companies ...

Fang, Yi, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Offsetting China's CO2 Emissions by Soil Carbon Sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fossil fuel emissions of carbon (C) in China in 2000 was ... % or more of the antecedent soil organic carbon (SOC) pool.Some of the depleted ... . A crude estimated potential of soil C sequestration in China is 1...

R. Lal

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Biomass carbon sequestration by planted forests in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The planted forest area and carbon sequestration have increased significantly in China, because of ... based volume-to-biomass method to estimate the carbon storage by planted forests in China in ... inventories....

Xinliang Xu; Kerang Li

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Political Economy of Wind Power in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 percent target. Nuclear power plants currently generate 2of the Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan could shiftof China‘s nuclear power plants and the worldwide excitement

Swanson, Ryan Landon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

The mixed economy in China: through rhetorical perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mixed economies gradually emerge in many countries. China is no exception. China's traditional planned economy system is limited to state-owned enterprises, which are undergoing reform. In the private sector, the market system has begun to play a...

Yuan, Yuchun

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part I)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industry. 17 “China’s 3D Printing: Not a Revolution–Yet,”18 Rose Brooks, “3D Printing in the Emerging Markets:Academician Deciphers 3D Printing Tech- nology], ?????? [

ANDERSON, Eric

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

China National Nuclear Corp CNNC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CNNC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China National Nuclear Corp (CNNC) Place: Beijing, China Zip: 100822 Product: The goal of CNNC is to achieve self-reliance in the design,...

453

China's energy intensity and its determinants at the provincial level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy intensity is defined as the amount of energy consumed per dollar of GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The People's Republic of China's (China's) energy intensity has been declining significantly since the late 1970s. ...

Zhang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

China-2050 Wind Technology Roadmap | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-2050 Wind Technology Roadmap China-2050 Wind Technology Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search Name China-2050 Wind Technology Roadmap Agency/Company /Organization International Energy Agency Partner NDRC Energy Research Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Wind Topics Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Pathways analysis, Technology characterizations Country China Eastern Asia References IEA Energy Technology Roadmaps[1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. See also: Wind Power in China The International Energy Agency is currently working with the NDRC Energy Research Institute in China to develop a China 2050 Wind Technology Roadmap. References ↑ "IEA Energy Technology Roadmaps" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=China-2050_Wind_Technology_Roadmap&oldid=699781"

455

Progress and Effect of Energy-Saving Standards in China  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Information about the development of energy-saving standards in China, results of standards, and work highlights.

456

Progress Report on U.S.-China Energy Cooperation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report provides an overview of progress related to a number of U.S.-China clean energy initiatives.

457

Clean coal. U.S.-China cooperation in energy security  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work discusses how coal fits into the strategies of the USA and China to attain energy security while avoiding adverse environmental impacts. It begins by describing China's policy choices for clean coal, before discussing the implications of a clean coal strategy for China. The U.S. choices in a coal-based strategy of energy security is then covered. Finally, a joint US-China clean coal strategy, including the technology sharing option, is discussed.

Wendt, D.

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Sterile Neutrino Search Using China Advanced Research Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the feasibility of a sterile neutrino search at the China Advanced Research Reactor by measuring $\\bar {\

Gang Guo; Fang Han; Xiangdong Ji; Jianglai Liu; Zhaoxu Xi; Huanqiao Zhang

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

459

Errors of Mean Dynamic Topography and Geostrophic Current Estimates in China’s Marginal Seas from GOCE and Satellite Altimetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Gravity Field and Steady-State Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) and satellite altimetry can provide very detailed and accurate estimates of the mean dynamic topography (MDT) and geostrophic currents in China’s marginal seas, such as, the ...

Shuanggen Jin; Guiping Feng; Ole Andersen

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

China targets 20% reduction in energy intensity by 2010  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Though China has made great achievement in energy conservation in the last two decades, its energy consumption is increasing rapidly. In March 2006, China's government set a target for reducing its energy intensity by 20% by 2010 compared to the 2005 value. In this paper, we analyse China's current energy efficiency situations, and put forward some policy implications on energy saving.

Hua Liao; Ying Fan; Yi-Ming Wei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

China's News Media: Transition Shaped by Power and Money  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China's News Media: Transition Shaped by Power and Money EAST ASIA INSTITUTE of CommunicaDon, gave a lecture on August 31, 2010 Dtled China's News Media: Transi1on Dr. Zhang examined the changes made throughout China's history. Many guests

Dodla, Ramana

462

Export sophistication and economic growth: evidence from China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Export sophistication and economic growth: evidence from China Joachim Jarreau PSE CEPII sandra halshs-00962593,version1-21Mar2014 #12;Export Sophistication and Economic Growth: evidence from China on economic performance using re- gional variations within a single country (China) over the period 1997

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

463

China Textile in Global Value Chain Jean RUFFIER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 China Textile in Global Value Chain Jean RUFFIER CNRS searcher, CEFC, Centre d'Etudes Français, local governments, traders and westerns companies. China's industrial take-off surprised economists, but it now lasted for twenty years with the industrial growth rate still higher than 10%. China has changed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

464

1 INTRODUCTION The earthquake engineering research in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 INTRODUCTION The earthquake engineering research in China started latter than in advanced countries. Since China carried out policy of reforming and opening, the international cooperation and intercourses in science and technology have been greatly expanded. The joint research between China and US

Spencer Jr., B.F.

465

The Gttingen Research Campus and its Cooperation with China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;The Göttingen Research Campus and its Cooperation with China #12;2 The year 2014 is of particular significance for the co- operation of the University of Göttingen with modern China, because Foreign Studies University and Nanjing University. In the last few decades China has emerged as a new

Munk, Axel

466

China Economy: Technology, Growth and Global Connections (3 Credits)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China Economy: Technology, Growth and Global Connections (3 Credits) Instructor Susan Mays addresses China's economic and technological development in a global context, circa 1978 to the present investment, and ownership (i.e., public vs. private.) The class presents China's progress and challenges

467

China Trip Report May 7-21, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 China Trip Report May 7-21, 2012 Dr. Cathy Meschievitz Director, Office of International Programs Dean of College of A&L) toured China on university business for two weeks May 7-21, 2012. The trip had three main purposes: (1) Visit selected universities and colleges in China to explore partnership

Fernandez, Eduardo

468

FOOD TRACEABILITY SYSTEM TENDING TO MATURATION IN CHINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOOD TRACEABILITY SYSTEM TENDING TO MATURATION IN CHINA Fengyun Wang1,* , Jianhua Zhu1 , Minghua of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, China 2 Quality Assure Department, Shandong Shengli CO., Ltd., Jinan 250101 China *Corresponding author, Address: S&T Information Engineering Research Center, Shandong

Boyer, Edmond

469

Transition to hydrogen: road to China's energy sustainable development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the analysis of the status quo and the outlook for China's energy, challenges facing China in energy sector are presented. Basic characteristics that should be stressed by Chinaâ??s energy sustainable development are brought forward. It is concluded that transition to hydrogen is an effective solution to the energy problems and challenges. China's strategy toward hydrogen is also shortly discussed.

Shijie Zhang; Kun Yuan; Yunhan Xiao

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Energy efficiency achievements in China?s industrial and transport sectors: How do they rate?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract China is experiencing intensified industrialisation and motorisation. In the world?s largest emerging economy, energy efficiency is expected to play a critical role in the ever-rising demand for energy. Based on factual overviews and numerical analysis, this article carries out an in-depth investigation into the effectiveness of policies announced or implemented in recent decades targeted at energy conservation in the energy intensive manufacturing and transportation sectors. It highlights nine energy intensive sectors that achieved major improvements in their energy technology efficiency efforts. Under the umbrella of the 11th Five-Year Plan, these sectors? performances reflect the effectiveness of China?s energy conservation governance. Numerous actions have been taken in China to reduce the road transport sector?s demand for energy and its GHG emissions by implementing fuel economy standards, promoting advanced energy efficient vehicles, and alternative fuels. Coal-based energy saving technologies, especially industrial furnace technologies, are critical for China?s near and medium-term energy saving. In the long run, renewable energy development and expanding the railway transport system are the most effective ways to reduce energy use and GHG emissions in China. Fuel economy standards could reduce oil consumption and \\{GHGs\\} by 34–35 per cent.

Libo Wu; Hong Huo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

An Anatomy of China's Energy Insecurity and Its Strategies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China’s energy insecurity largely originates from its constrained availability, questionable reliability, and uncertain affordability of its oil supplies. The country’s fast industrialization and urbanization, together with demand for infrastructure and increasing popularity of automobiles, requires a lot of energy, but it consumes energy both intensively and inefficiently, threatening the environmental well-being of China and its neighbors. China’s risk aversion and poor energy policy making system further magnifies its perceptions of the low availability, reliability and affordability of oil imports, which further compounds its sense of energy insecurity. Distrustful of the market, and suspicious of other major energy players in the international market, the Chinese leadership relies on the state-centered approach, or economic nationalism, rather than a market approach to enhance its energy security. However, the country lacks not only an energy policy making system that can make and implement sound energy policies but also an energy market that relies on market prices to allocate energy resources efficiently. As a result of this domestic failure, China has pushed its national flagship companies to undertake a global scavenger hunt for energy while muddling along a messy road of energy reform at home. Setbacks in acquiring new sources of oil have validated the Chinese leadership’s belief that the international oil market is not free and China’s access to international oil is not guaranteed through the market. China’s problems in the international energy market are also perceived as evidence of attempts to prevent China from exerting international influence. China’s leadership is convinced that China should focus on areas where western capital is not heavily concentrated or where western influences are weak. With the recent revaluation of Chinese currency and growing economy, China has both the wherewithal and appetite to acquire more oil assets abroad. Both China and the United States stand at a critical juncture of history where China’s rise depends on reliable energy supplies which it increasingly imports from abroad and where the growing wealth of the United States is increasingly dependent upon China’s success. If China does not have energy security it’s 1.3 billion fuel-starved people will prevent the rest of the world from achieving energy security.

Kong, Bo

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

472

China Integrated Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China Integrated Energy China Integrated Energy Place Xi'an, China Stock Symbol CBEH Coordinates -13.2399454993°, 166.640625° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-13.2399454993,"lon":166.640625,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

473

Shenyang, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shenyang, China: Energy Resources Shenyang, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Shenyang, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2034937 Coordinates 41.79222°, 123.43278° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.79222,"lon":123.43278,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

474

U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clean Energy Clean Energy Cooperation A Progress rePort by the U.s. DePArtment of energy January 2011 Science is not a zero-sum game. In my experience as a scientist, collaborations with other research groups greatly accelerated our progress. Similarly, cooperation between the United States and China can greatly accelerate progress on clean energy technologies, benefiting both countries. As the world's largest producers and consumers of energy, the United States and China share many common challenges and common interests. Our clean energy partnership with China can help boost America's exports, creating jobs here at home, and ensure that our country remains at the forefront of technology innovation. At the U.S. Department of Energy, we are committed to working with Chinese partners to promote a

475

Baoding, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baoding, China: Energy Resources Baoding, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Baoding, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1816971 Coordinates 38.851111°, 115.490278° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.851111,"lon":115.490278,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

476

China Cools with Tighter RAC Standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After boiling summer brought brown-out to most part of the country in 2004, China announced a new set of minimum energy efficiency standards for room air conditioners in September 2004, with the first tier going into effect on March 1, 2005 and the reach standard taking effect on January 1, 2009. This represents a milestone in China's standard setting process since the reach standard levels are significantly more stringent than previous standards for other appliances. This paper first analyzes cost-effectiveness of China's new standards for room air conditioners, and then attempts to evaluate the impact of the new standards on energy savings, electric generation capacity, and CO2 emissions reductions.

Lin, Jiang; Rosenquist, Gregory

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Tianjin, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tianjin, China: Energy Resources Tianjin, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Tianjin, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1792947 Coordinates 39.14222°, 117.17667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.14222,"lon":117.17667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

478

Hebei, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hebei, China: Energy Resources Hebei, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Hebei, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1808773 Coordinates 39°, 116° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39,"lon":116,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

479

Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C General; Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia

Albrecht, David

480

China's industrial sector in an international context  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The industrial sector accounts for 40% of global energy use. In 1995, developing countries used an estimated 48 EJ for industrial production, over one-third of world total industrial primary energy use (Price et al., 1998). Industrial output and energy use in developing countries is dominated by China, India, and Brazil. China alone accounts for about 30 EJ (National Bureau of Statistics, 1999), or about 23% of world industrial energy use. China's industrial sector is extremely energy-intensive and accounted for almost 75% of the country's total energy use in 1997. Industrial energy use in China grew an average of 6.6% per year, from 14 EJ in 1985 to 30 EJ in 1997 (Sinton et al., 1996; National Bureau of Statistics, 1999). This growth is more than three times faster than the average growth that took place in the world during the past two decades. The industrial sector can be divided into light and heavy industry, reflecting the relative energy-intensity of the manufacturing processes. In China, about 80% of the energy used in the industrial sector is consumed by heavy industry. Of this, the largest energy-consuming industries are chemicals, ferrous metals, and building materials (Sinton et al., 1996). This paper presents the results of international comparisons of production levels and energy use in six energy-intensive subsectors: iron and steel, aluminum, cement, petroleum refining, ammonia, and ethylene. The sectoral analysis results indicate that energy requirements to produce a unit of raw material in China are often higher than industrialized countries for most of the products analyzed in this paper, reflecting a significant potential to continue to improve energy efficiency in heavy industry.

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Martin, Nathan; Lehman, Bryan; Sinton, Jonathan

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "arabia china persian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China: Energy Resources China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35,"lon":105,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

482

Sustainable Energy Future in China's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, The Netherlands and Finland (11W/mČ). Heating and hot water consumption represent 2/3 of energy demand in buildings in China. The thermal performance and heating system efficiency need to be improved dramatically in order to contain the soaring... Efficiency Standard for New Residential Buildings in 1995, the average energy consumption for heating in China is about 90~100kWh/mČa 3 which is still almost twice of that in Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands and Finland (40~50KWh/mČa). Furthermore...

Li, J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Environmental Implication of Electric Vehicles in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Today, electric vehicles (EVs) are being proposed in China as one of the potential options to address the dramatically increasing energy demand from on-road transport. ... The annual increase rate of electricity consumption in the U.S. was 0.5% during 2000 and 2009 and is projected by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) to be 0.8% during 2005 and 2035 (11). ... Vehicle use could be reduced in the future, because China is in a period of rapid growth in vehicle stock, and when people own more cars, each individual car would be used less intensively. ...

Hong Huo; Qiang Zhang; Michael Q. Wang; David G. Streets; Kebin He

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

484

China and India Industrial Efficiency NREL Partnership | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China and India Industrial Efficiency NREL Partnership China and India Industrial Efficiency NREL Partnership Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China-NREL Industrial Efficiency Partnership Name China-NREL Industrial Efficiency Partnership Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Industry Topics Background analysis Country China Eastern Asia References NREL International Program Overview Abstract In support of the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Industrial Technologies Program's (ITP) activities to promote industrial energy efficiency internationally, the NREL industrial communications team is developing a specialized portfolio of technical and outreach materials. "In support of the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

485

FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements ____________________________________________________________________________ January 19, 2011 In conjunction with Chinese President Hu Jintao's state visit on January 19, 2011, progress and partnerships were announced that underpin the expanding clean energy cooperation as the United States and China work together to solve common energy challenges. Notable examples include: U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center Joint work plans developed by the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center (CERC)

486

China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Centre (CNREC) Centre (CNREC) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) Name China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) Agency/Company /Organization Chinese National Energy Administration Partner Danish Government, Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy Website http://www.cnrec.org.cn/Englis Program Start 2012 Program End 2014 Country China Eastern Asia References CNREC[1] Overview "China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) is the national institution for assisting China's energy authorities in renewable energy (RE) policy research, and industrial management and coordination. CNREC will research RE development strategy, planning, policy and regulation; coordinate, regulate and implement industrial standardisation; keep track

487

ESMAP-China Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intensity Reduction Strategy Intensity Reduction Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name China-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country China Eastern Asia References China Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy[1] Overview "The study involves the development of pragmatic "implementation" focused policy notes to support the Government of China's goal of reducing energy intensity in China focusing on: Reevaluation of renewable energy targets, growth path, and related

488

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25 Table 18: Total Energy Consumption of China's Steelalmost doubled, but total energy consumption only increasedsources of total energy consumption data for China’s iron

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

new solar, wind and large hydro power plants. A closer lookof wind development is lower than coal-fired power plants,wind power in China: A case study of nonrenewable energy cost and greenhouse gas emissions by plant

Zheng, Nina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Water spray geoengineering to clean air pollution for mitigating haze in China’s cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the past 30 years, China has suffered from air pollution and heavy haze created by fast industrial ... This article reviews the techniques for remediation of air pollution. Then, I propose a geoengineering met...

Shaocai Yu

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Foreign R&D Spillover and China’s Innovation Capability: A Panel Data Model Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper through a statistic method to explore the spillover effects of foreign R&D on innovation capability in China based on provincial panel data from 1990 to 2010. We find positive spillover effects of fore...

Yang Xu; Jun-chao Hu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study analyzes China's coal industry by focusing on four related areas. First, data are reviewed to identify the major drivers of historical and future coal demand. Second, resource constraints and transport bottlenecks are analyzed to evaluate demand and growth scenarios. The third area assesses the physical requirements of substituting coal demand growth with other primary energy forms. Finally, the study examines the carbon- and environmental implications of China's past and future coal consumption. There are three sections that address these areas by identifying particular characteristics of China's coal industry, quantifying factors driving demand, and analyzing supply scenarios: (1) reviews the range of Chinese and international estimates of remaining coal reserves and resources as well as key characteristics of China's coal industry including historical production, resource requirements, and prices; (2) quantifies the largest drivers of coal usage to produce a bottom-up reference projection of 2025 coal demand; and (3) analyzes coal supply constraints, substitution options, and environmental externalities. Finally, the last section presents conclusions on the role of coal in China's ongoing energy and economic development. China has been, is, and will continue to be a coal-powered economy. In 2007 Chinese coal production contained more energy than total Middle Eastern oil production. The rapid growth of coal demand after 2001 created supply strains and bottlenecks that raise questions about sustainability. Urbanization, heavy industrial growth, and increasing per-capita income are the primary interrelated drivers of rising coal usage. In 2007, the power sector, iron and steel, and cement production accounted for 66% of coal consumption. Power generation is becoming more efficient, but even extensive roll-out of the highest efficiency units would save only 14% of projected 2025 coal demand for the power sector. A new wedge of future coal consumption is likely to come from the burgeoning coal-liquefaction and chemicals industries. If coal to chemicals capacity reaches 70 million tonnes and coal-to-liquids capacity reaches 60 million tonnes, coal feedstock requirements would add an additional 450 million tonnes by 2025. Even with more efficient growth among these drivers, China's annual coal demand is expected to reach 3.9 to 4.3 billion tonnes by 2025. Central government support for nuclear and renewable energy has not reversed China's growing dependence on coal for primary energy. Substitution is a matter of scale: offsetting one year of recent coal demand growth of 200 million tonnes would require 107 billion cubic meters of natural gas (compared to 2007 growth of 13 BCM), 48 GW of nuclear (compared to 2007 growth of 2 GW), or 86 GW of hydropower capacity (compared to 2007 growth of 16 GW). Ongoing dependence on coal reduces China's ability to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions growth. If coal demand remains on a high growth path, carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion alone would exceed total US energy-related carbon emissions by 2010. Within China's coal-dominated energy system, domestic transportation has emerged as the largest bottleneck for coal industry growth and is likely to remain a constraint to further expansion. China has a low proportion of high-quality reserves, but is producing its best coal first. Declining quality will further strain production and transport capacity. Furthermore, transporting coal to users has overloaded the train system and dramatically increased truck use, raising transportation oil demand. Growing international imports have helped to offset domestic transport bottlenecks. In the long term, import demand is likely to exceed 200 million tonnes by 2025, significantly impacting regional markets.

Aden, Nathaniel; Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

People's Republic of China Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Asia Asia » People's Republic of China People's Republic of China Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends According to reported energy statistics, coal production and use in China has increased ten-fold since the 1960s. As a result, Chinese fossil-fuel CO2 emissions have more than doubled 2000 alone. At 1.92 billion metric tons of carbon in 2008, the People's Republic of China is the world's largest emitter of CO2 due to fossil-fuel use and cement production. Even with the reported decline in Chinese emissions from 1997 to 1999, China's industrial emissions of CO2 have grown phenomenally since 1950, when China stood tenth among nations based on annual fossil-fuel CO2 emissions. From 1970 to 1997, China's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions grew at an annual rate of

494

US-China Renewable Energy Forum | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable Energy Forum Renewable Energy Forum US-China Renewable Energy Forum US-China Renewable Energy Forum The first-ever U.S.-China Renewable Energy Forum was held on May 26-27, 2010 in Beijing, concurrent with the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue and with parallel forums on energy efficiency and biofuels. The Forum was jointly hosted by David Sandalow, U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs, and Zhang Guobao, Administrator of China's National Energy Administration. At the Forum officials from government, industry and academia in the U.S and China came together to discuss best policy practices in promoting renewable energy and opportunities for U.S.-China collaboration to advance clean energy. Industry leaders from both countries discussed developments and challenges

495

DOE Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation DOE Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation September 14, 2006 - 1:10pm Addthis BEIJING, CHINA - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs Karen A. Harbert and Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Jeffrey Jarrett are in China this week to discuss energy cooperation between the United States and China. In Hangzhou, Assistant Secretary Harbert participated in the second round of talks under the U.S. - China Energy Policy Dialogue to promote global energy security, protect the environment, and encourage economic growth and trade between the nations. In Beijing, Assistant Secretary Jarrett today signed five-year agreement extensions with the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology to

496

China Wind Systems formerly Green Power Malex | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Power Malex Green Power Malex Jump to: navigation, search Name China Wind Systems (formerly Green Power/Malex) Place Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China Sector Wind energy Product Manufacturer of precision-forged rolled rings and machinery with applications for the wind power industry. References China Wind Systems (formerly Green Power/Malex)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. China Wind Systems (formerly Green Power/Malex) is a company located in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China . References ↑ "China Wind Systems (formerly Green Power/Malex)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=China_Wind_Systems_formerly_Green_Power_Malex&oldid=343554

497

China Nuclear Engineering Construction Corporation CNEC | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Engineering Construction Corporation CNEC Engineering Construction Corporation CNEC Jump to: navigation, search Name China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Corporation (CNEC) Place Beijing, China Zip 100840 Product CNEC conducts engineering, construction, research and design, finance and trade activities related to nuclear power. References China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Corporation (CNEC)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Corporation (CNEC) is a company located in Beijing, China . References ↑ "China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Corporation (CNEC)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=China_Nuclear_Engineering_Construction_Corporation_CNEC&oldid=343517"

498

US-China cooperation for global environmental protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dramatic economic changes are taking place in China, increasing China's effect on global climate, and creating opportunities for US-Chin~ cooperation in energy efficiency. China's tremendous economic growth, low energy efficiency and heavy reliance on coal have made it the world's second largest emitter of energy-related greenhouse gases. US technical and economic cooperation with China has been relatively meager, particularly since the events in Tiananmen Square in 1989. A new approach to China that recognizes our common interests as well as areas of conflict can include providing increased support for energy efficiency projects and lifting restrictions on trade programs in China. Promoting energy efficiency will not only reduce the risk of global warming, but will expand the market for US technology and expertise, and will accelerate social progress and the development of a market economy in China.

William U. Chandler; Zhou Dadi; Jessica Hamburger

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Agency/Company /Organization International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type Publications Website http://ictsd.org/downloads/201 Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References China's Ag Impacts [1] Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Screenshot "The overall goal of this paper is to review and document the likely impacts of climate change on China's agricultural production, efforts

500

China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group CLEEVIG | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Investment Group CLEEVIG Investment Group CLEEVIG Jump to: navigation, search Name China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group (CLEEVIG) Place Beijing, China Zip 100101 Product Beijing-based investment company with a focus on Electric Vehicle R&D. References China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group (CLEEVIG)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group (CLEEVIG) is a company located in Beijing, China . References ↑ "[ China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group (CLEEVIG)]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=China_Lithium_Energy_Electric_Vehicle_Investment_Group_CLEEVIG&oldid=343507