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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Visualizing daylight : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

daylight Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and...

2

The architectural approach : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

architectural approach architectural approach Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team The architectural approach Proper architectural and interior design are key to successful realization of daylighting in buildings. The New York Times Building was designed by Renzo Piano, an internationally distinguished, Pritzker prize winning architect in association with Fox & Fowle, a leading high rise architectural firm based on New York City. In concert with Renzo Piano's design, the interiors were designed by Gensler, a leading interior design firm. Flack + Kurtz, Inc. provided MEP engineering. SBLD Studio, Inc. provided lighting design services.

3

Daylighting field study : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mockup to develop our thinking and to evaluate a few examples of automated faade management and daylight harvesting systems." - Glenn Hughes, Director of Construction, The New...

4

Demand response : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand response Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications...

5

Procurement specifications : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and...

6

Daylighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Daylighting is the use of windows and skylights to bring sunlight into buildings. Daylighting in businesses and commercial buildings can result in substantial savings on electric bills, and not...

7

Daylighting control systems : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

control systems control systems Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Daylighting control systems Lighting energy savings were greater in zones daylit bilaterally from both the southwest and northwest facades, typically 50-60% at 11 feet from the windows and 25-40% at 14-25 feet from the façade. Total illuminance was maintained in all lighting zones to within -10% of the setpoint for 95-100% of the day throughout most of the nine-month monitored period. Daylight "harvesting" strategies are implemented using daylighting control systems that dim the electric lighting in response to interior daylight levels. For commercial applications, the light output of fluorescent lamps (T5 or T8) are varied by using electronic dimming ballasts. Photosensors, typically mounted in the ceiling, are used to measure the quantity of daylight in the space then determine the amount of dimming required to maintain the design work plane illuminance level. If daylight levels are more than adequate, the electric lights can be shut off. Simulation studies indicate that annual energy use and peak demand can be reduced by 20-30% compared to a non-daylit building. These technological solutions are increasingly becoming one of the key means to achieving compliance with stringent energy-efficiency standards and achieving LEED ratings for sustainable design.

8

Overview : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Overview Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Overview "Despite the growing interest in daylighting, "getting it right" remains a challenge. Elegant images in architectural magazines don't automatically translate into sustainable designs with proven comfort and energy performance. Controlling thermal heat loss and gain can be largely addressed with highly insulating glazing technologies on the market today. However, controlling solar gain and managing daylight, view, and glare is at a much earlier stage in terms of cost-effective, available solutions."

9

Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team NEW: Post-occupancy Evaluation Publications Daylighting The New York Times Headquarters Building This website provides information on a collaboration between The New York Times Company, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, industry, and three major public funding agencies designed to transform the market for emerging automated window shade systems and daylighting controls so that these types of energy-efficient products become the norm. Project activities included documenting and demonstrating that the technology works and generates energy savings in real world applications, creating a market response so that these systems are available at commodity prices and are cost-effective, making third party performance data available to the public, and providing guidance to support widespread deployment.

10

Harvesting Daylight  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The article discusses daylighting technologies. This article, also, addresses techniques and considerations for implementing daylighting. The energy savings, additional benefits and market potential of daylighting and corresponding technologies are addressed as well.

Hastbacka, Mildred; Beeson, Tracy A.; Cooperman, Alissa; Dieckmann, Christopher; Bouza, Antonio

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Publications : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications Publications Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Publications Technical Publications Post-occupancy Evaluation A post-occupancy monitored evaluation of the dimmable lighting, automated shading, and underfloor air distribution system in The New York Times Building. Eleanor S. Lee, Luis L. Fernandes, Brian Coffey, Andrew McNeil, Robert Clear, Tom Webster, Fred Bauman, Darryl Dickerhoff, David Heinzerling, Tyler Hoyt. LBNL Technical report, January 2013. LBNL-6023E.

12

Project team : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project team Project team Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Project team To contact the following individuals, please call the number listed or enable JavaScript within your browser's preferences. The New York Times Company Angelo Salvatore Executive Director of Building Operations Patrick Whelan Facilities Director Glenn Hughes Director of Construction/ Real Estate David Thurm Chief Information Officer Hussain Ali-Khan Vice President, Real Estate Development

13

Daylighting control performance of a thin-film ceramic electrochromic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Daylighting control performance of a thin-film ceramic electrochromic window: Field study results Title Daylighting control performance of a thin-film ceramic electrochromic...

14

Daylighting techniques used in indigenous buildings in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), an investigative approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study investigated the potential of the daylighting systems used in the indigenous architecture of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), located in Dubai (latitude 25° N longitude 55° E). The analysis tested the lighting performance of three daylighting systems under UAE climatic conditions. The purpose of this research was to investigate the daylighting performance of three of the most common daylighting systems found in the indigenous buildings of the UAE, traditional windows (Dreeshah), gypsum decorative panels and wind tower (Barjeel). The lighting performance of each of the three lighting systems was examined. The lighting performance parameters examined were illuminance level, light distribution, uniformity, and glare. IESNA standards, CIBSE guidelines and LEED 2.2 daylighting credit and recommendations were used as the minimum recommended level for all analyzed variables. On-site measurements (illuminance and luminance) were conducted to compare measured versus simulated measurements inside the space. Desktop Radiance 2.0 Beta was used as the lighting performance analysis tool under clear sky conditions. Results have shown that the gypsum decorative panel performs better than the other two systems in terms of light uniformity and distribution, regardless of a lower illuminance level. The double panel window prototype has poor lighting performance in terms of glare, light distribution and uniformity. Wind tower performed well under the area of the wind tower itself. Apart from that it also had a poor lighting performance in terms of glare, light distribution, and uniformity.

Alnuaimi, Maitha Mohammed

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

A new approach in data visualization to integrate time and space variability of daylighting in the design process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daylighting design has great impact on the performance and aesthetical quality of a work of architecture but requires many issues to be addressed during the design process. The way existing daylighting tools deliver data ...

Yi, Lu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Automated roller shades : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automated roller shades Automated roller shades Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Automated roller shades Automated roller shades manage daylight, solar heat gains, view, glare, privacy, and building appearance through changes in shade height. A roller shade consists of a fabric wrapped around a horizontal tube, which contains a tubular motor. The tubular motor rotates when ac- or dc- power is applied to it causing modulation in shade height. The control system can be designed to optimize numerous variables, the most common being control of direct sun. In this application, the shades were controlled to five preset heights that aligned with the architectural features of the façade - i.e., the vision portion of the window wall - so that direct sun penetrated no more than a specified distance from the window wall. The Times Company also requested that the shades control window glare, yet maximize the opportunity for view and daylight admission. Unnecessary up/down movement of the shade was to be minimized. Fabric choices (openness of the weave, color of the fabric facing toward the interior and exterior) were additional considerations in terms of appearance as well as visual comfort and daylighting benefits.

17

Tips for Daylighting - Browse  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tips for Daylighting with Windows Tips for Daylighting with Windows These guidelines provide an integrated approach to the cost-effective design of perimeter zones in new commercial buildings. They function as a quick reference for designers through a set of easy steps and rules-of-thumb, emphasizing "how-to" practical details. References are given to more detailed sources of information, should the reader wish to go further. No guidelines can answer all possible questions from all types of users. However, this document addresses the most commonly occurring scenarios. The guidance here is limited by the medium; short paper documents can only go so far in assisting a designer with a unique project. This document has been carefully shaped to best meet the needs of a designer when time does not permit a more extensive form of assistance.

18

Capturing the Daylight Dividend  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Capturing the Daylight Dividend conducted activities to build market demand for daylight as a means of improving indoor environmental quality, overcoming technological barriers to effective daylighting, and informing and assisting state and regional market transformation and resource acquisition program implementation efforts. The program clarified the benefits of daylight by examining whole building systems energy interactions between windows, lighting, heating, and air conditioning in daylit buildings, and daylighting's effect on the human circadian system and productivity. The project undertook work to advance photosensors, dimming systems, and ballasts, and provided technical training in specifying and operating daylighting controls in buildings. Future daylighting work is recommended in metric development, technology development, testing, training, education, and outreach.

Peter Boyce; Claudia Hunter; Owen Howlett

2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

19

Evaluating post-occupancy performance : Daylighting The New York Times  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluating post-occupancy performance Evaluating post-occupancy performance Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Evaluating post-occupancy performance "We aggressively pursued innovative designs to improve the quality of the workplace for our employees and to reduce energy use and other operating costs of our facility. The outcomes of this study confirm that we were successful. More importantly, our hope is that the energy efficient measures and designs documented in this independent study may inspire other companies' workplace designs." - Angelo Salvatore, Executive Director of Building Operations, The Times Company.

20

Shades and Shade Controls : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shades and Shade Controls Shades and Shade Controls Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Shades and Shade Controls The shades and shade controls scope of work is based upon the philosophy that occupants of commercial office buildings prefer natural light to electric light. The shade system goals for The New York Times Building are: Maximize natural light Maximize occupant connectivity with the outdoors, i.e. external views Intercept sunlight penetration so as to avoid direct solar radiation on the occupants

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Daylight metrics and energy savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aizlewood. Innovative daylighting systems: An experimentalthe performance of daylighting systems are highly dependantin daylighting and with the use of innovative systems, the

Mardaljevic, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daylighting Daylighting Daylighting July 29, 2012 - 5:58pm Addthis Daylighting is the use of windows and skylights to bring sunlight into your home. | Photo courtesy of Heather Lammers, NREL. Daylighting is the use of windows and skylights to bring sunlight into your home. | Photo courtesy of Heather Lammers, NREL. TIPS: See our tips for energy-efficient windows. Daylighting is the use of windows and skylights to bring sunlight into your home. Today's highly energy-efficient windows, as well as advances in lighting design, reduce the need for artificial lighting during daylight hours without causing heating or cooling problems. The best way to incorporate daylighting in your home depends on your climate and home's design. The sizes and locations of windows should be based on the cardinal directions rather than their effect on the

23

Window Daylighting Demo  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Daylighting Demo: Window Daylighting Demo: Accelerated Deployment of Daylighting and Shading Systems Stephen Selkowitz Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory seselkowitz@lbl.gov 510-486-5064 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: * Façade has large energy impacts. Cooling and lighting average ~ 40% of energy use in commercial buildings and often >50% in peak electric demand. * Many glazing/shading/daylighting options exist, but selecting the "best" solution is

24

Window Daylighting Demo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Daylighting Demo: Window Daylighting Demo: Accelerated Deployment of Daylighting and Shading Systems Stephen Selkowitz Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory seselkowitz@lbl.gov 510-486-5064 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: * Façade has large energy impacts. Cooling and lighting average ~ 40% of energy use in commercial buildings and often >50% in peak electric demand. * Many glazing/shading/daylighting options exist, but selecting the "best" solution is

25

Assessment of Solar Daylighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the continued advancement of and deeper integration between electric lighting fixtures, electric lighting controls, and various daylighting products, there is a renewed interest in delivering and controlling exterior lighting within interior spaces. This renewed interest is complimentary to trends related to energy efficiency, Leadership in Environmental Design (LEED) certification, and an expanding focus on environmentally sensitive approaches to lighting problems. Innovative electric lighting ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

Lighting Controls : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Controls Lighting Controls Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Lighting Controls The lighting controls scope of work is based upon the philosophy that occupants of commercial office buildings prefer natural light to electric light. The lighting controls system specified by the Times Company for its new headquarters building is a DALI (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) based system with dimmable fixtures throughout the interior space. This allows the system to dim down the electric lighting in response to daylight admittance. It also provides for variable target set points for illuminance levels at the work plane. The Times Company intends to establish and adjust target set points on a departmental basis. The lighting control sequences are described within the specification 16575. These sequences utilize occupancy sensors, photo sensors, switches and a time clock to control the lighting in the interior space on each floor. The emergency lighting system is also described within the specification. The lighting control sequences are tied to Control Intent Diagrams that divide up the space on each floor into its various control zones. The overall intent is to provide electric light only when the space is occupied and to provide as little electric light as is necessary to achieve the target set point for the work plane in a given department. A department usually occupies multiple floors.

27

Commissioning/ verification : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commissioning/ verification Commissioning/ verification Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Commissioning/ verification The construction cycle of the building life cycle is the time when the design intent is translated into a physical reality. Given novel integrated systems with which contractors (vendors, installers, commissioning (Cx) agents, etc.) do not have much experience, there is a risk that carefully laid plans will go amiss. To insure that the automated shading and daylighting control systems were installed and operating as intended, the manufacturers, LBNL, and the Times Company developed procedures to commission and verify system performance. With verification data resulting from these procedures, the Times Company possessed the unique capability to measure and compare performance to design intent then discuss and tune system performance with the manufacturer prior to closure of the work scope and occupancy of the building.

28

Lighting and Daylighting Basics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Buildings can be lit in two ways: by using artificial lighting, or by using daylighting, or the process of using natural sunlight, windows, and skylights to provide lighting.

29

Lighting and Daylighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Buildings can be lit in two ways: by using artificial lighting, or by using daylighting, or the process of using natural sunlight, windows, and skylights to provide lighting.

30

Energy Basics: Daylighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Daylighting in schools has even improved student grades and attendance. Today's highly energy-efficient windows, as well as advances in lighting design, allow efficient use of...

31

Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

explains how homeowners and businesses can use highly efficient, strategically placed windows to save money. Text Version Daylighting is the use of windows and skylights to bring...

32

Texas Daylighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

daylighting Living room lighting level in summer with sunshade off (left) and with sunshade on (right). Living room lighting level in winter with sunshade off (left) and with...

33

Energy Basics: Lighting and Daylighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lighting Daylighting Passive Solar Design Space Heating & Cooling Water Heating Lighting and Daylighting Buildings can be lit in two ways: by using artificial lighting, or by...

34

Energy Basics: Lighting and Daylighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

by using artificial lighting, or by using daylighting, or the process of using natural sunlight, windows, and skylights to provide lighting. Learn more about: Lighting Daylighting...

35

Daylighting directory 6/1980  

SciTech Connect

A renewed interest in the energy conservation potential of daylighting has generated new research, applications and demonstration activities over the last few years. It is apparent that even those people actively working in the field are frequently not aware of all of the ongoing projects and activities. At the same time, the total national effort to utilize daylighting effectively in buildings on a broad scale is still very small, thus making it important that current activities are crossfertilized. The intent of this directory is to provide current listings of individuals and organizations that are actively engaged in daylighting work and related publications and upcoming events of interest. This directory was compiled from information contained in the survey response forms which were filled out and returned to us over the last few months. Responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of each survey form lies entirely with the respondents. The directory is composed of five parts: (1) Participant Survey Response: contains the survey response forms as submitted to us, listed alphabetically by responding organization; (2) Activity Index: lists individual respondents alphabetically, showing the daylighting activities each has checked. Allows the reader to quickly identify the individuals working in a specific area. Once an individual is identified, turn to the Individual Index to find the page numbers where that individual may be located in other areas of the directory; (3) Individual Index: lists individual respondents alphabetically; (4) Daylighting publications: lists the publications by each respondent (authors listed alphabetically); and (5) Notes of Interest: contains a variety of information on meetings, conferences, new projects and publications, etc. This material was collected from a variety of sources in addition to the survey respondents.

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Madrid Daylighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REPORTS - Daylighting Quality Page REPORTS - Daylighting Quality Page 1 of 2 DAYLIGHTING QUALITY 1) NATURAL LIGHTING The main criteria for interior design is leading the user from darkness toward daylight. For this reason, the main source of daylighting is the south wall. Moreover, a whole part of the house may be unfolded, letting an internal open courtyard provide a touch of natural environment into the house. Small fixed windows with steel sash and frames are also strategically located to allow the user to get a beam of the morning or sunset light -even though such orientations are inconvenient from a bioclimatic point of view-, as well as to see the outside while working or having lunch. In most cases, glass is covered with shutters and stainless steel frames fitting woven wire

37

Windows and Daylighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office building exterior Office building exterior Windows and Daylighting Windows research is aimed at improving energy efficiency in buildings and homes across the nation. Research includes: New glazing materials Windows simulation software Advanced high-performance fenestration systems Daylighting technologies Measurement of window properties Windows performance in residential and commercial buildings. Contacts Stephen Selkowitz SESelkowitz@lbl.gov (510) 486-5064 Eleanor Lee ESLee@lbl.gov (510) 486-4997 Charlie Curcija DCCurcija@lbl.gov (510) 495-2602 Links Windows and Daylighting Daylighting the New York Times Headquarters Building Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Applications Commercial Buildings Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Demand Response Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends

38

Cornell University Daylighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Daylighting Quality Daylighting Quality With a small building footprint and a relatively large vertical surface area, the CUSD house has the unique opportunity to supply almost all of its lighting with daylight. Keeping this in mind, we have created two large apertures, one on the south side of the building and one on the north side of the building. The southern aperture is a tri-fold glass door, opening to the living room on the west side of the house. This fenestration provides ambient light and some heat to the space during the day. Occupants can take advantage of this daylight as they go to and return from work, prepare meals, and relax in the living area. Concrete pavers (thermal mass) are placed inside and outside of the southern aperture, bridging the threshold between interior and exterior spaces. The

39

THE DAYLIGHTING SOLUTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dimming and on/off systems. Daylighting, along with otherdaylighting will be propor- tionately less than if day lighting is competing against a very ineffi- cient electric lighting system.

Selkowitz, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Daylight in Manhattan  

SciTech Connect

Zoning regulations concerned with daylighting in New York City are reviewed extensively going back to the 1916 regulation. Historical developments up to the newly proposed set of zoning regulations for midtown Manhattan are discussed. The importance of the Manhattan regulations, which often serve as a model for other USA cities, are stressed. The daylight performance test, designed to quantify the amount of natural light that will reach the street after a proposed project is constructed, is described. To gain acceptance a new building would have to score at least 85 points (out of 100) on criteria based on daylighting, street wall height, street wall length, and reflectivity. Of these, daylighting is the most important. A modified and simplified two-tiered proposal has been issued with minor changes in scoring the four criteria given above. (MJJ)

Moore, J.A.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Daylighting potential in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Daylighting has good potential for application in tropical climates. It can help save electric energy as well as reduce the daytime power demand substantially. It can bring another dimension of energy efficiency in addition to efficient lighting technology, as well as aesthetic value. Its integration with continuous-dimming electric lighting is found to be acceptable. However, fundamental research as well as daylighting application technology are required to realize the potential.

Chirarattananon, S.; Limmechokchai, B. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

101: Daylighting Energy 101: Daylighting Addthis Description Daylighting-the use of windows or skylights for natural lighting and temperature regulation-is one building strategy...

43

Advanced fenestration systems for improved daylight performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system efficacy of a daylighting system will vary with theupon the specifics of daylighting system. Skylighted systemsabove, we believe that daylighting systems continue to have

Selkowitz, S.; Lee, E.S.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

ŤDaylighting, Dimming, and the ŤAlmost? California Meltdown?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the mainstays of the effort to use daylighting to reduce annual lighting energy consumption. The coincidence of daylighting with electric utility peak demand makes daylighting...

45

Modelling and simulation of elements for solar heating and daylighting  

SciTech Connect

Through the development of highly efficient transparent insulation materials (TIM), new opportunities are appearing in the field of daylighting and passive solar space heating. The simulation program WANDSIM, developed at the Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Solare Energiesysteme (ISE), models the dynamic performance of three important elements for daylighting and passive solar space heating; window glazing; transparently insulated masonry; transparently insulated glass wall. Selected simulation results of each type are represented and compared under thermal and daylighting aspects. The advantages of the transparently insulated glass wall, a new combined passive space heating and daylighting system, in economy and comfort are verified.

Wilke, W.S.; Schmid, J. (Fraunhofer-Inst. fuer Solare Energiesysteme, Freiburg (West Germany))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Daylighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daylighting Basics Daylighting Basics Daylighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 11:24am Addthis Energy 101: Daylighting Basics This video explains how homeowners and businesses can use highly efficient, strategically placed windows to save money. Text Version Daylighting is the use of windows and skylights to bring sunlight into buildings. Daylighting in businesses and commercial buildings can result in substantial savings on electric bills, and not only provides a higher quality of light but also improves productivity and health. Daylighting in schools has even improved student grades and attendance. Today's highly energy-efficient windows, as well as advances in lighting design, allow efficient use of windows to reduce the need for artificial lighting during daylight hours without causing heating or cooling problems.

47

Neural daylight control system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper describes the design, the implementation of a neural controller used in an automatic daylight control system. The automatic lighting control system (ALCS) attempt to maintain constant the illuminance at the desired level on working plane even if the daylight contribution is variable. Therefore, the daylight will represent the perturbation signal for the ALCS. The mathematical model of process is unknown. The applied structure of control need the inverse model of process. For this purpose it was used other artificial neural network (ANN) which identify the inverse model of process in an on-line manner. In fact, this ANN identify the inverse model of process + the perturbation signal. In this way the learning signal for neural controller has a better accuracy for the present application.

Grif, Horatiu Stefan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Daylighting In Schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.3 pixel line spread function of the camera system [6], only alternate pixels were sampled. Daylight successive daylights was regressed on com- binations of the estimated Shannon differential entropies of the colors of the scene under the same two daylights. The regression was strong, and it remained so when

49

The New York Times headquarters daylighting mockup: Monitored performance of the daylighting control system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

not valid because the daylighting system was not providingperformance of the daylighting control system E.S. Lee ,performance of two daylighting control systems installed in

Lee, Eleanor S.; Selkowitz, Stephen E.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Definition: Daylighting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Daylighting Daylighting Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Daylighting The use of natural sunlight to provide interior lighting for a building.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Daylighting is the practice of placing windows or other openings and reflective surfaces so that during the day natural light provides effective internal lighting. Particular attention is given to daylighting while designing a building when the aim is to maximize visual comfort or to reduce energy use. Energy savings can be achieved either from the reduced use of artificial (electric) lighting or from passive solar heating or cooling. Artificial lighting energy use can be reduced by simply installing fewer electric lights because daylight is present, or by dimming/switching electric lights automatically in response to the presence of daylight, a

51

Daylighting the New York Times Headquarters: Moving Daylighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Times Headquarters building will feature arguably the most technologically advanced daylighting systems in the world. This seminar will present not only how the project came to...

52

Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanolens Window Coatings for Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting Kyle J. Alvine Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Kyle.alvine@pnnl.gov / (509) - 372 - 4475 April 4 th , 2013 Demonstration of the effect To develop a novel, low-cost window coating to double daylight penetration to offset lighting energy use 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: PNNL is developing a novel, low-cost window coating to redirect daylight deeper into buildings to significantly offset lighting energy.

53

Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanolens Window Coatings for Nanolens Window Coatings for Daylighting Kyle J. Alvine Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Kyle.alvine@pnnl.gov / (509) - 372 - 4475 April 4 th , 2013 Demonstration of the effect To develop a novel, low-cost window coating to double daylight penetration to offset lighting energy use 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: PNNL is developing a novel, low-cost window coating to redirect daylight deeper into buildings to significantly offset lighting energy.

54

Daylight metrics and energy savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and its application. CIBSE National Lighting Conference: 5-8based daylight modelling. CIBSE National Conference 2006:of a paper given at the 2006 CIBSE National Conference [10].

Mardaljevic, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

An interactive performancebased expert system for daylighting in architectural design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: Architects are increasingly using digital tools during the design process, particularly as they approach complex problems such as designing for successful daylighting performance. However, while simulation tools may provide the designer with valuable information, they do not necessarily guide the user towards design changes which will improve performance. This paper proposes an interactive, goal-based expert system for daylighting design, intended for use during the early design phase. The expert system consists of two major components: a daylighting knowledge-base which contains information regarding the effects of a variety of design conditions on resultant daylighting performance, and a fuzzy rule-based decision-making logic which is used to determine those design changes most likely to improve performance for a given design. The system gives the user the ability to input an initial model and a set of daylighting performance goals in the form of illuminance and daylighting-specific glare metrics. The system acts as a “virtual daylighting consultant, ” guiding the user towards improved performance while maintaining the integrity of the original design and of the design process itself.

Jaime M. L. Gagne; Marilyne Andersen; Leslie K. Norford

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

New and Underutilized Technology: Integrated Daylighting Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Daylighting Systems Integrated Daylighting Systems New and Underutilized Technology: Integrated Daylighting Systems October 4, 2013 - 4:56pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for integrated daylighting systems within the Federal sector. Benefits Integrated daylighting systems can be combined with electronic dimmable fluorescent ballasts, photo sensors, and occupancy sensors where appropriate. Network components, workstation controls, and building management options can also be integrated to provide significant savings on applied systems. Application Integrated daylighting systems are applicable in perimeter and interior spaces with daylight exposure via windows and skylights. Key Factors for Deployment Acceptable levels of daylight are required and must be factored into

57

Daylighting Islais Creek : a feasibility study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrologic systems. Nonetheless, daylighting urban streamssystem, or the costs of flood damage, liability and maintenance, there could be a good case made for daylighting

Jencks, Rosey; Leonardson, Rebecca

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Advanced fenestration systems for improved daylight performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S.E. Selkowitz. “Advanced Optical Daylighting Systems: LightAdvanced Fenestration Systems Based on the analysis presented above, we believe that daylighting systems

Selkowitz, S.; Lee, E.S.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Summary Of Daylighting In Schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

portions of the tubular daylighting device system. The design process for this project could have been a tube with an interior reflective system. TDDs are effective in bringing daylight into a building to the diffuser's daylight delivery system. With the optical control afforded by the futuregeneration Daylight

60

Tips for Daylighting with Windows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

These guidelines provide an integrated approach to the cost-effective design of perimeter zones in new commercial buildings. They function as a quick reference for designers through a set of easy steps and rules-of-thumb, emphasizing "how-to" practical details. These guidelines provide an integrated approach to the cost-effective design of perimeter zones in new commercial buildings. They function as a quick reference for designers through a set of easy steps and rules-of-thumb, emphasizing "how-to" practical details. This research was funded by the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE), a research unit of the University of California. Additional related support was provided by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs, Office of Building Systems of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. Browse the document online Download the document in PDF form To obtain information about (1) this project, (2) updates to this document, or (3) future daylighting tools - or to submit comments about this site - contact Eleanor Lee at eslee@lbl.gov.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Singapore's Zero-Energy Building's daylight monitoring system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Furthermore, advanced daylighting systems such as horizontalKeywords: daylighting, building monitoring system, glazingsystem is presented. Criteria to assess the daylighting

Grobe, Lars

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used in simulation of daylighting system performance, modelsfor daylighting in green building rating systems, standardsfor daylighting in green building rating systems, standards

Konis, Kyle Stas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The New York Times headquarters daylighting mockup: Monitoredperformance of the daylighting control system  

SciTech Connect

A nine-month monitored field study of the performance of automated roller shades and daylighting controls was conducted in a 401 m{sup 2} unoccupied, furnished daylighting mockup. The mockup mimicked the southwest corner of a new 110 km{sub 2} commercial building in New York, New York, where The New York Times will be the major tenant. This paper focuses on evaluating the performance of two daylighting control systems installed in separate areas of an open plan office with 1.2-m high workstation partitions: (1) Area A had 0-10 V dimmable ballasts with an open-loop proportional control system and an automated shade controlled to reduce window glare and increase daylight, and (2) Area B had digital addressable lighting interface (DALI) ballasts with a closed-loop integral reset control system and an automated shade controlled to block direct sun. Daylighting control system performance and lighting energy use were monitored. The daylighting control systems demonstrated very reliable performance after they were commissioned properly. Work plane illuminance levels were maintained above 90% of the maximum fluorescent illuminance level for 99.9{+-}0.5% and 97.9{+-}6.1% of the day on average over the monitored period, respectively, in Areas A and B. Daily lighting energy use savings were significant in both Areas over the equinox-to-equinox period compared to a non-daylit reference case. At 3.35 m from the window, 30% average savings were achieved with a sidelit west-facing condition in Area A while 50-60% were achieved with a bilateral daylit south-facing condition in Area B. At 4.57-9.14 m from the window, 5-10% and 25-40% savings were achieved in Areas A and B, respectively. Average savings for the 7-m deep dimming zone were 20-23% and 52-59% for Areas A and B, respectively, depending on the lighting schedule. The large savings and good reliability can be attributed to the automatic management of the interior shades. The DALI-based system exhibited faulty behavior that remains unexplained, but operational errors are expected to be resolved as DALI products reach full maturity. The building owner received very competitive bids ($30-75 US/DALI ballast) and was able to justify use of the daylighting control system based on operational cost savings and increased amenity. Additional energy savings due to reduced solar and lighting heat gains were not quantified but will add to the total operational cost savings.

Lee, Eleanor S.; Selkowitz, Stephen E.

2006-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

64

DARKNESS, TWILIGHT, AND DAYLIGHT FORAGING SUCCESS OF BEARS (URSUS AMERICANUS) ON SALMON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Cutler, et al., 2008). A range of advanced fenestration systems was also tested, using measured BTDF data No 6 (Nov 2008) An intuitive daylighting performance analysis and optimization approach M. Andersen1 of daylighting considerations into the design process requires many issues to be addressed simultaneously

Reimchen, Thomas E.

65

Simulating the Daylight Performance of Complex Fenestration Systems...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Daylight Performance of Complex Fenestration Systems Using Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions within Radiance Title Simulating the Daylight Performance of Complex...

66

4.430 Daylighting, Fall 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This class provides the tools necessary for an efficient integration of daylighting issues in the overall design of a building. The fundamentals of daylighting and electric lighting are introduced and their relevance to ...

Andersen, Marilyne

67

daylight | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

daylight daylight Home Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(15) Member 15 November, 2013 - 13:26 Living Walls ancient building system architect biomimicry building technology cooling cu daylight design problem energy use engineer fred andreas geothermal green building heat transfer heating living walls metabolic adjustment net zero pre-electricity Renewable Energy Solar university of colorado utility grid Wind Much of the discussion surrounding green buildings centers around reducing energy use. The term net zero is the platinum standard for green buildings, meaning the building in question does not take any more energy from the utility grid than it produces using renewable energy resources, such as solar, wind, or geothermal installations (and sometimes these renewable energy resources actually feed energy back to the utility grid).

68

Trichromatic Model of Daylight Variation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Visual recognition of colors in outdoor imagery is a difficult task in artificial vision, chiefly because of natural chromatic variation. To accurately predict an object's color, it is necessary to have an accurate model of daylight as a function of spatial, temporal and weather conditions, as well as the object's surface reflectance parameters, and all relevant camera parameters. Preliminary studies indicate that in a scenario involving outdoor robotic vehicles, such color prediction (and consequently, recognition) may be achieved, given reasonably accurate models of all of the above. This paper addresses the first link in the chain of models: building a usable model of daylight. Studies done in the sixties under the International Commission for Illumination Colorometry Committee (ICI/ CIE) to model the shift in natural illumination resulted in fairly accurate models which are still valid, and used as a standard of illumination by daylight. However, these studies are rarely used in ou...

Shashi Buluswar; Bruce Draper

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Daylight and Retail Sales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

year with an optimized daylighting system. #12;RETAIL AND DAYLIGHTING INTRODUCTION 1 1. INTRODUCTIONCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Daylight and Retail Sales TECHNICALREPORT October 2003 500-03-082-A-5 in this report. #12;#12;ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report is a part of the Integrated Energy Systems - Productivity

70

Oxidation Kinetics Modeling Applying Phase Field Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Oxidation Kinetics Modeling Applying Phase Field Approach ... chemical reaction rates will increase exponentially and environmental attack ...

71

Simulating the Daylight Performance of Complex Fenestration Systems Using Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions within Radiance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

software, windows, daylighting systems, shading systems,daylighting performance of complex fenestration systems (daylighting performance of complex fenestration systems (

Ward, Gregory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daylighting Daylighting Energy 101: Daylighting Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Daylighting video. The video opens with "Energy 101: Daylighting." This is followed by various shots of building interiors with many windows and large amounts of natural lighting. Okay, so we all know that windows can provide a great view, right? But if they're placed in the right locations, they can also save you money on your utility bill...and they can help keep you more comfortable at home or work. A montage of building interiors and exteriors appears onscreen, with windows filling the interior spaces with natural light. It's called daylighting, and it takes a simple concept to a new level. Daylighting combines lots of things-everything from the type of window,

73

The New York Times Headquarters Daylighting Mockup: Monitored Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The New York Times Headquarters Daylighting Mockup: Monitored Performance The New York Times Headquarters Daylighting Mockup: Monitored Performance of the Daylighting Control System Title The New York Times Headquarters Daylighting Mockup: Monitored Performance of the Daylighting Control System Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-56979 Year of Publication 2006 Authors Lee, Eleanor S., and Stephen E. Selkowitz Journal Energy & Buildings Volume 38 Pagination 914-929 Call Number LBNL-56979 Abstract A nine-month monitored field study of the performance of automated roller shades and daylighting controls was conducted in a 401 m2 unoccupied, furnished daylighting mockup. The mockup mimicked the southwest corner of a new 110 km2 commercial building in New York, New York, where The New York Times will be the major tenant. This paper focuses on evaluating the performance of two daylighting control systems installed in separate areas of an open plan office with 1.2-m high workstation partitions: 1) Area A had 0-10 V dimmable ballasts with an open-loop proportional control system and an automated shade controlled to reduce window glare and increase daylight, and 2) Area B had digital addressable lighting interface (DALI) ballasts with a closed-loop integral reset control system and an automated shade controlled to block direct sun. Daylighting control system performance and lighting energy use were monitored. The daylighting control systems demonstrated very reliable performance after they were commissioned properly. Work plane illuminance levels were maintained above 90% of the maximum fluorescent illuminance level for 99.9+/-0.5% and 97.9+/-6.1% of the day on average over the monitored period, respectively, in Areas A and B. Daily lighting energy use savings were significant in both Areas over the equinox-to-equinox period compared to a non-daylit reference case. At 3.35 m from the window, 30% average savings were achieved with a sidelit west-facing condition in Area A while 50-60% were achieved with a bilateral daylit south-facing condition in Area B. At 4.57-9.14 m from the window, 5-10% and 25-40% savings were achieved in Areas A and B, respectively. Average savings for the 7-m deep dimming zone were 20-23% and 52-59% for Areas A and B, respectively, depending on the lighting schedule. The large savings and good reliability can be attributed to the automatic management of the interior shades. The DALI-based system exhibited faulty behavior that remains unexplained, but operational errors are expected to be resolved as DALI products reach full maturity. The building owner received very competitive bids ($30-75 US/DALI ballast) and was able to justify use of the daylighting control system based on operational cost savings and increased amenity. Additional energy savings due to reduced solar and lighting heat gains were not quantified but will add to the total operational cost savings.

74

The New York Times headquarters daylighting mockup: Monitored performance of the daylighting control system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the daylighting control system E.S. Lee , S.E. Selkowitzof two daylighting control systems installed in separateopen-loop proportional control system and an automated shade

Lee, Eleanor S.; Selkowitz, Stephen E.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Daylighting Energy 101: Daylighting Energy 101: Daylighting May 31, 2011 - 6:10pm Addthis Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Daylighting maximizes the benefits of natural lighting and temperature regulation -- reducing lighting, heating and cooling costs for homeowners and businesses. Daylighting takes a simple concept to a new money-saving level in this edition of Energy 101. Through strategic placement of windows and skylights, daylighting maximizes the benefits of natural lighting and temperature regulation -- reducing lighting, heating and cooling costs for homeowners and businesses. This home energy efficiency strategy takes into account everything from the type of window to placement and interior design to help control how the

76

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Daylighting Energy 101: Daylighting Energy 101: Daylighting May 31, 2011 - 6:10pm Addthis Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Daylighting maximizes the benefits of natural lighting and temperature regulation -- reducing lighting, heating and cooling costs for homeowners and businesses. Daylighting takes a simple concept to a new money-saving level in this edition of Energy 101. Through strategic placement of windows and skylights, daylighting maximizes the benefits of natural lighting and temperature regulation -- reducing lighting, heating and cooling costs for homeowners and businesses. This home energy efficiency strategy takes into account everything from the type of window to placement and interior design to help control how the

77

Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daylight has a deteriorating effect on the museum objects. For this reason, usually museums totally block the daylight. This research is the part of restoration works of Kuwait National Museum (KNM), which was destroyed during the Gulf War in 1990. The purpose of this research is to investigate the lighting performance of the top lighting and side shading devices in KNM. This research will cover daylighting systems for Building 3 and 4 of the KNM. Daylighting systems are evaluated by using the scale model and Desktop RADIANCE, a lighting simulation program. This research will present how to make use of daylight in museum buildings while protecting museum objects from the harmful portion of daylight.

Ahn, Byoungsoo

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Daylighting Energy 101: Daylighting Energy 101: Daylighting May 31, 2011 - 6:10pm Addthis Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Daylighting maximizes the benefits of natural lighting and temperature regulation -- reducing lighting, heating and cooling costs for homeowners and businesses. Daylighting takes a simple concept to a new money-saving level in this edition of Energy 101. Through strategic placement of windows and skylights, daylighting maximizes the benefits of natural lighting and temperature regulation -- reducing lighting, heating and cooling costs for homeowners and businesses. This home energy efficiency strategy takes into account everything from the type of window to placement and interior design to help control how the

79

List of Daylighting Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Daylighting Incentives Daylighting Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 166 Daylighting Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 166) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active APS - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Arizona) Utility Rebate Program Arizona Commercial Residential Anaerobic Digestion Biomass Daylighting Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Landfill Gas Other Distributed Generation Technologies Photovoltaics Small Hydroelectric Solar Pool Heating Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat Wind energy Yes Alternative and Clean Energy State Grant Program (Pennsylvania) State Grant Program Pennsylvania Commercial Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools Boilers

80

Multimedia: Energy 101: Daylighting (Text Version)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EERE Multimedia Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Multimedia: Energy 101: Daylighting (Text Version) to someone by E-mail Share Multimedia: Energy 101:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Automating the Selection of Fenestration Systems to Best Meet Daylighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automating the Selection of Fenestration Systems to Best Meet Daylighting Automating the Selection of Fenestration Systems to Best Meet Daylighting Performance Goals Title Automating the Selection of Fenestration Systems to Best Meet Daylighting Performance Goals Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-53003 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Fernandes, Luis L., and Konstantinos M. Papamichael Conference Name 2003 International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference Date Published 02/2003 Conference Location Eindhoven, Netherlands Call Number LBNL-53003 Abstract Traditional selection of fenestration systems follows a trial-and-error approach, i.e., iterative selection of fenestration systems and evaluation of their performance through the use of simulation tools and techniques. This paper is about the development of a new method, which inverts traditional practice, i.e., aims at automated selection of fenestration systems that best meet specific lighting performance goals. The new method is based on manipulation of matrices that represent the optical properties of fenestration systems, the propagation of light in interior spaces, and the outdoors luminous conditions. The method follows two steps: 1) the determination of the luminous flux distribution originating from the location of the fenestration that best meets the desired lighting performance goals and 2) the selection of the fenestration system that comes closer to producing the desired flux distribution from the outdoor daylight distribution.

82

The Effect of Daylighting Strategies on Building Cooling Loads...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Effect of Daylighting Strategies on Building Cooling Loads and Overall Energy Performance Title The Effect of Daylighting Strategies on Building Cooling Loads and Overall...

83

Daylight metrics and energy savings  

SciTech Connect

The drive towards sustainable, low-energy buildings has increased the need for simple, yet accurate methods to evaluate whether a daylit building meets minimum standards for energy and human comfort performance. Current metrics do not account for the temporal and spatial aspects of daylight, nor of occupants comfort or interventions. This paper reviews the historical basis of current compliance methods for achieving daylit buildings, proposes a technical basis for development of better metrics, and provides two case study examples to stimulate dialogue on how metrics can be applied in a practical, real-world context.

Mardaljevic, John; Heschong, Lisa; Lee, Eleanor

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

84

Mean field approach for tracking similar objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the problem of tracking similar objects. We show how a mean field approach can be used to deal with interacting targets and we compare it with Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). Two mean field implementations are presented. The ... Keywords: Kalman filter, Mean field, Multi-target tracking, Particle filter

C. Medrano; J. E. Herrero; J. Martínez; C. Orrite

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Daylighting performance of offices with controlled shades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy conservation in buildings is critical in order to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. This paper presents a dynamic daylighting simulation model to evaluate the combined impact of façade design parameters on the overall ... Keywords: buildings, control, daylighting, energy conservation, simulation

Hui Shen; Athanasios Tzempelikos

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Daylighting Prediction Software: Comparative Analysis and Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daylighting is a beneficial design strategy since it may provide energy savings and contribute to a more sustainable design. In recent studies, daylighting has also been shown to increase staff and student productivity and to decrease absenteeism. The consulting engineer is often faced with the dilemma of how to design a daylighted building. What tools are available to predict the amount of daylighting? What are the design limitations and parameters? How much time is required? How does the data compare to the “real world”? The purpose of this paper is to answer these questions and provide useful information for the design of daylighted areas with the assistance of software-based simulation. A survey was made of the available software programs for the calibrated modeling of light scattered in enclosed spaces. These software packages used algorithms based on either total radiosity (flux transfer) computations or physically accurate ray tracing. A summary of this survey along with the selection criteria used in selecting a software program are presented. “Radiance”, a reverse ray tracing method software package, was chosen for use in the simulations. An existing school was modeled with the Radiance software and predictions of daylighting contributions were compared with actual data taken at the site location. The use of daylighting also requires a highly specialized lighting system. This system incorporates the use of controllable ballasts and lighting sensors to maximize the daylighting contribution to the overall required illumination. Some design criteria for this system is also discussed.

Estes, J. M. Jr.; Schreppler, S.; Newsom, T.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daylighting Daylighting Energy 101: Daylighting Addthis Description Daylighting-the use of windows or skylights for natural lighting and temperature regulation-is one building strategy that can save money for homeowners and businesses. Highly efficient, strategically placed windows maximize the use of natural daylight in a building, lowering the need for artificial lighting without causing heating or cooling problems. Duration 2:44 Topic Energy Efficiency Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Home Energy Audits Construction Commercial Lighting Credit Energy Department Video ANNOUNCER: OK, so we all know that windows can provide a great view, right? But if they're placed in the right locations, they can also save you money on your utility bill, and they can help keep you more comfortable

88

Three approaches to classical thermal field theory  

SciTech Connect

Research Highlights: > Classical thermal field theory admits three equivalent path integral formulations. > Classical Feynman rules can be derived for all three formulations. > Quantum Feynman rules reduce to classical ones at high temperatures. > Classical Feynman rules become much simpler when superfields are introduced. - Abstract: In this paper we study three different functional approaches to classical thermal field theory, which turn out to be the classical counterparts of three well-known different formulations of quantum thermal field theory: the closed-time path (CTP) formalism, the thermofield dynamics (TFD) and the Matsubara approach.

Gozzi, E., E-mail: gozzi@ts.infn.it [Department of Physics, University of Trieste, Strada Costiera 11, Miramare - Grignano, 34151 Trieste (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Trieste (Italy); Penco, R., E-mail: rpenco@syr.edu [Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244-1130 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

4.492 Daylighting, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The course focuses on the use and optimization of daylight in buildings and on its complementarity to artificial (electric) lighting, to aim at reducing the building's environmental impact while improving the visual comfort ...

Andersen, Marilyne

90

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to a new level. Daylighting combines lots of things-everything from the type of window, window placement, and interior design to control how sunlight comes in. They all work...

91

Performance of Anidolic Daylighting Systems in tropical climates - Parametric studies for identification of main influencing factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Making daylight more available in buildings is highly desirable, not only for reasons of energy-efficiency, but also for improvement of occupants' health and well-being. Core-daylighting, that is daylight provision in areas situated at considerable distances from facades and windows, is currently one of the main challenges in sustainable building design. Anidolic Daylighting Systems (ADSs) are one very promising technology in the field of core-daylighting, but commercial solutions that are not only well-performing but also financially competitive are not yet widely available. This article presents results of parametric studies on Anidolic Integrated Ceilings (AICs), a special type of ADS, for identification of main influencing factors. The article describes a reliable method for simulating ADS and AIC performance under given sky conditions. Various simulation results for the example location Singapore are discussed in detail, it is concluded that the main influencing factors are coating material, system dimensions and external obstruction, and those influencing factors' potential impacts are quantified. It is shown that AIC overall efficiencies can reach up to almost 50% in Singapore. The essentially new results presented in this article can be of great help to architects, engineers and scientists in the future, when it comes to precisely dimensioning ADS for various buildings and daylight conditions. (author)

Linhart, Friedrich; Scartezzini, Jean-Louis [Solar Energy and Building Physics Laboratory (LESO-PB), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Wittkopf, Stephen K. [School of Design and Environment, Department of Architecture, National University of Singapore, 4 Architecture Drive, Singapore 117566 (Singapore)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

Focus group discussions of daylighting practices  

SciTech Connect

This research was sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Buildings and Community systems and conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) as part of an ongoing effort to enhance the commercial use of federally developed technologies. One such technology is the use of daylighting practices in the design of nonresidential buildings. This document is a report of the findings from meetings of focus groups conducted to gain insight into building designers' perceptions and attitudes about daylighting systems.

Roberson, B.F.; Harkreader, S.A.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Advanced Facades, Daylighting, and Complex Fenestration Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facades, Daylighting, and Facades, Daylighting, and Complex Fenestration Systems Eleanor Lee Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory eslee@lbl.gov 510-486-4997 April 5, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: In order to reach BTO's aggressive 50% energy savings goal by 2030, innovative façade systems must minimize both lighting and HVAC energy end use consumption more optimally while addressing occupant comfort and amenity requirements.

94

Monitored Energy Performance of Electrochromic Windows Controlled for Daylight and Visual Comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in thermal, daylighting, and control system performanceEC windows and daylighting control systems: energy savingswith a dimmable daylighting control system. Daily lighting

Lee, Eleanor S.; DiBartolomeo, Dennis L.; Klems, Joseph; Yazdanian, Mehry; Selkowitz, Stephen E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rooms with Daylighting Systems. (Doctoral dissertation).performance of the daylighting control system. Energy andthe daylighting and the radiant ceiling cooling system and

Zelenay, Krystyna

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Delight2 Daylighting Analysis in Energy Plus: Integration and Preliminary User Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Source Book On Daylighting Systems and Components,the impact of the daylighting system, including interiorthe impact of daylighting systems through the hourly effect

Carroll, William L.; Hitchcock, Robert J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Automating the selection of fenestration systems to best meet daylighting performance goals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of materials and systems for daylighting, Renewable Energy,of fenestration systems for daylighting is traditionallyof fenestration systems for daylighting. The ability to

Fernandes, Luis; Papamichael, Konstantinos

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Cooling Energy and Cost Savings with Daylighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cooling Energy and Cost Savings with Daylighting Cooling Energy and Cost Savings with Daylighting Title Cooling Energy and Cost Savings with Daylighting Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBL-19734 Year of Publication 1985 Authors Arasteh, Dariush K., Russell Johnson, Stephen E. Selkowitz, and Deborah J. Connell Conference Name 2nd Annual Symposium on Improving Building Energy Efficiency in Hot and Humid Climates Date Published 09/1985 Conference Location Texas A&M University Call Number LBL-19734 Abstract Fenestration performance in nonresidentialsbuildings in hot climates is often a large coolingsload liability. Proper fenestration design andsthe use of daylight-responsive dimming controls onselectric lights can, in addition to drasticallysreducing lighting energy, lower cooling loads,speak electrical demand, operating costs, chillerssizes, and first costs. Using the building energyssimulation programs DOE-2.1B and DOE-2.1C , wesfirst discuss lighting energy savings from daylighting.sThe effects of fenestration parametersson cooling loads, total energy use, peak demand,schiller sizes, and initial and operating costs aresalso discussed. The impact of daylighting, asscompared to electric lighting, on cooling requirementssis discussed as a function of glazingscharacteristics, location, and shading systems.

99

Technology reviews: Daylighting optical systems  

SciTech Connect

We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize the state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology. Determine the performance range of available technologies. Identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances. Examine market forces and market trends.Develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fall into that class.

Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

BUILDING RESEARCH & INFORMATION (2008) Paper in press (mock proof) expected to appear in Vol 36 No 6 (Nov 2008) An intuitive daylighting performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Cutler, et al., 2008). A range of advanced fenestration systems was also tested, using measured BTDF data No 6 (Nov 2008) An intuitive daylighting performance analysis and optimization approach M. Andersen1 of daylighting considerations into the design process requires many issues to be addressed simultaneously

Salama, Khaled

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Experimental Evaluation of Innovative Wall Daylighting Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daylighting offers the potential to save electrical energy and reduce peak demand for lighting, the major consumer of energy in a variety of buildings. However, widespread adoption of daylighting techniques is hampered by the lack of both daylight resource information and simple, reliable methods of testing daylighting designs. To surmount these obstacles, facilities for collecting illuminance data and for testing small-scale and full-size models have been established. These are (1) an extensively instrumented resource measurement station, (2) a sun angle simulator for exploring the geometries of the sun and the building during the early stages of design, (3) a heliodon to allow detailed illuminance and luminance distribution measurements in scale models, and (4) a rotating test building for quantitative and qualitative assessments of full-scale components. The current research efforts have been using these facilities to seek ways of projecting light admitted through walls deep into interior spaces. Sidelighting systems are of interest because the wall is the only available source of daylight in many commercial buildings. Innovative static and dynamic reflector assemblies have been examined and proven effective. Compared with typical sidelighting designs, the systems examined in this study project light deeper and produce more uniform illuminance across the space.

Place, J. W.; Howard, T. C.; Paulos, S.; Chung, K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Daylighting Application and Effectiveness in Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Before the advent of practical mercury vapor and fluorescent lighting, the only available artificial lighting for industrial buildings was incandescent. The illumination of active industrial workspaces with incandescent lighting is difficult, so during the industrial revolution, architects utilized various daylighting strategies such as window walls, skylighting, monitors, etc. However, glazing technologies were primitive compared with our modern choices, When more efficient and effective artificial lighting became available, most older industrial buildings had their daylighting features boarded over. With modern glazing systems and sophisticated designs that minimize glare issues, daylighting for industrial buildings is making a strong comeback. Additionally, new controllable ballasts and automatic lighting controls make possible hybrid lighting systems that are able to provide optimal lighting under all environmental conditions. This paper will discuss how daylighting systems developed decades ago are being modernized to provide high quality, low-glare, uniform lighting. Premium glazing systems that limit heat losses and gain will be discussed. The importance of glare control in day-lit spaces, for worker safety and productivity, will be stressed, and a variety of passive and active strategies will be presented including: redirected beam daylighting; reflective light shelves; and movable baffles and louvers.

McCowan, B.; Birleanu, D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Effect of daylighting on energy consumption and daylight quality in an existing elementary school  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research investigates the effects of daylighting in an existing elementary school in College Station, Texas. The conclusions are generalizable to similar school designs in hot and humid climates. This study focuses on the trends observed in the building??s heating, cooling, and lighting energy consumption due to daylighting, and the overall effect on total energy consumption. Skylights with 1% to 10% glazing surface to floor area and clerestories from 2 ft to 8 ft glazing height were analyzed to formulate balanced daylighting designs that could provide for decreased electricity and gas energy consumption and increased daylight illuminance levels and energy cost savings. Classroom and Library areas inside the case study school building were analyzed using walk-throughs and daylight factor measurements to understand existing lighting conditions and the potential for daylighting. Physical scale models of the study spaces with and without daylighting alternatives were built for daylight factor and daylight penetration analysis. Computer simulation models were created for the base case and all proposed daylighting designs for building energy performance evaluation using the DOE-2 building energy simulation program. Daylight factors from the actual spaces, physical model measurements, and computer simulation outputs were studied for trendsin interior daylight illuminance levels. Annual energy consumption analyses were performed using DOE-2 and involved heating, cooling, and electrical energy use comparisons of all proposed designs with the base case. One design each from the skylight and clerestory cases, and an overall design based upon the performance criteria are proposed for the existing school building. The building energy analyses suggested that a considerable reduction in artificial lighting and total electricity use could be achieved through proper sizing of skylights and clerestories. Heating energy use stayed almost constant in all cases. Considering all different trends in energy use, all the proposed cases perform better than the base case in terms of total energy savings. The spaces analyzed constituted 15% of total school area, and projected savings would be much higher if daylighting could be applied to the entire school building.

Atre, Umesh Vinayak

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Performance modeling of daylight integrated photosensor-controlled lighting systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some building energy codes now require the incorporation of daylight into buildings and automatic photosensor-controlled switching or dimming of the electric lighting system in areas that receive daylight. This paper describes enhancements to the open-source ...

Richard G. Mistrick; Craig A. Casey

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Inferring Architectural Designs from Physical Sketches: Application to Daylighting Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a daylighting and photosensor control system. The program has two main sections: a Design Tool followed ......................................................................................19 5.2 Daylighting Results............................................................47 Test Classroom #7 - Vary Control System Type - Sliding vs. Constant Setpoint .......47 Appendix C

Salama, Khaled

106

AEDG Implementation Recommendations: Daylighting Controls | Building Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Controls Controls The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on expanded recommendations for daylighting controls; photo sensor placement; calibration and commissioning; daylight levels. Publication Date: Wednesday, May 13, 2009 air_daylighting_controls.pdf Document Details Affiliation: DOE BECP Focus: Compliance Building Type: Commercial Code Referenced: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations Target Audience: Architect/Designer Builder Contractor Engineer

107

The daylight blocking optical stereo see-through HMD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present an innovative daylight blocking optical stereo see-through HMD. Its outstanding capability is to pixelwise block incident daylight before super-imposing virtual content on the real scene. By doing so the device allows to seamlessly ... Keywords: augmented reality, daylight blocking, head mounted displays, interaction, mixed reality, mobility, virtual reality

Pedro Santos; Thomas Gierlinger; Oliver Machui; André Stork

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A Spatially Augmented Reality Sketching Interface for Architectural Daylighting Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tool based on this rendering method. Our interactive tangible daylighting design system can be used by novice or experienced designers who need not be experts in daylighting technology or advanced graphical heliodon system [42], [43] that complements modern desktop architectural daylighting design software tools

Linhardt, Robert J.

109

Integrated Daylight Harvesting and Occupancy Detection Using Digital Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the daylighting system in The New York Times Headquarters.3 DALI continues to mature as a technology. Thus, there is a need for an advanced daylight sensor that can reap the benefits and flexibility for a given amount of time, the system goes to standby mode where daylight dimming is not operational. Normal

Salvaggio, Carl

110

Edward S. Curtis, 1905. The CFS Daylighting Wizard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems (CFS), as part of daylighting strategies in buildings. This is at the present a difficult task which a full analysis of the luminous characteristics and performance of different Advanced Daylighting' option is made according to the desired approximation depending from the specific Advanced Daylighting

111

Utilizing Daylighting Controls in a Manufacturing Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Opportunities exist to reduce artificial lighting in manufacturing facilities which have skylights and/or fenestration that provide sufficient quantities of daylight to the work space. Using photometric sensors to measure the illuminance in the space, artificial lights can be automatically switched off during periods when sufficient daylight is available. Daylighting controls used in commercial buildings often use dimmable ballasts with fluorescent lights. Most fluorescent lighting used in manufacturing facilities use high output ballasts which are non-dimmable. The preferred method for reducing artificial lighting output is to switch the lamps off. For multi-lamp fixtures such as six-lamp Super T8’s, ballast/lamp configurations are either 2-4 or 3-3, thus giving rise to various stages of lighting reduction. This paper examines these lighting control strategies for a 90,000 square foot manufacturing facility in Iowa. Using the EnergyPlus building energy simulation code, annual lighting energy savings associated with utilization of daylighting were computed for the building. Results showed that the 2- 4 switching control strategy provided better energy reduction opportunity compared to 3-3 switching control.

Shrestha, S. S.; Maxwell, G. M.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Assessing the Feasibility of Creek Daylighting in San Francisco, Part I: A Synthesis of Lessons Learned from Existing Urban Daylighting Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems, both have significant experience with urban stream daylighting, andDaylighting Projects Current City City Area Popu- Sewer Systemsystems could help San Francisco develop its own stream daylighting

Smith, Brooke Ray

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Light-scattering properties of a woven shade-screen material used for daylighting and solar heat-gain control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thermal and daylighting impacts of shading systems. Theseglazing the system. Modern energy and daylighting analysissystem. In this paper a shade screen used in the LBNL daylighting

Jonsson, Jacob C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Advanced fenestration systems for improved daylight performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of daylight to replace or supplement electric lighting in commercial buildings can result in significant energy and demand savings. High performance fenestration systems area necessary, but not sufficient, element of any successful daylighting design that reduces lighting energy use. However, these savings may be reduced if the fenestration systems impose adverse thermal loads. In this paper, we review the state of the art of several advanced fenestration systems which are designed to maximize the energy-saving potential of daylighting, while improving comfort and visual performance at an "affordable" cost. We first review the key performance issues that successful fenestration systems must address, and then review several classes of fenestration systems intended to meet those performance needs. The systems are reviewed in two categories: static and dynamic. Static systems include not only glazings, such as spectrally-selective and holographic glazings, but specialized designs of light-shelves and light-pipes, while dynamic systems cover automatically-operated Venetian blinds and electrochromic glazings. We include a discussion of the research directions in this area, and how these efforts might lead to static and dynamic hardware and system solutions that fulfill the multiple roles that these systems must play in terms of energy efficiency, comfort, visual performance, health, and amenity in future buildings.

Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Daylight performance of a microstructured prismatic window film...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Berkeley National Laboratory, Mailstop 90-3111, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA Summary Daylight redirecting systems with vertical windows have the potential to...

116

Daylighting Window Film Shows Potential to Significantly Reduce...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Daylighting Window Film Shows Potential to Significantly Reduce Lighting Energy Use in Buildings Outdoor view of the windows testbed facility. Indoor view showing how sunlight is...

117

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW5.02: Feature List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microsoft Vista and Windows 7 Operating System Issues Last update:071612 12:38 PM The LBNL Windows & Daylighting suite of software programs (WINDOW, THERM, Optics) are installed...

118

Monitored Energy Performance of Electrochromic Windows Controlledfor Daylight and Visual Comfort  

SciTech Connect

A 20-month field study was conducted to measure the energy performance of south-facing large-area tungsten-oxide absorptive electrochromic (EC) windows with a broad switching range in a private office setting. The EC windows were controlled by a variety of means to bring in daylight while minimizing window glare. For some cases, a Venetian blind was coupled with the EC window to block direct sun. Some tests also involved dividing the EC window wall into zones where the upper EC zone was controlled to admit daylight while the lower zone was controlled to prevent glare yet permit view. If visual comfort requirements are addressed by EC control and Venetian blinds, a 2-zone EC window configuration provided average daily lighting energy savings of 10 {+-} 15% compared to the reference case with fully lowered Venetian blinds. Cooling load reductions were 0 {+-} 3%. If the reference case assumes no daylighting controls, lighting energy savings would be 44 {+-} 11%. Peak demand reductions due to window cooling load, given a critical demand-response mode, were 19-26% maximum on clear sunny days. Peak demand reductions in lighting energy use were 0% or 72-100% compared to a reference case with and without daylighting controls, respectively. Lighting energy use was found to be very sensitive to how glare and sun is controlled. Additional research should be conducted to fine-tune EC control for visual comfort based on solar conditions so as to increase lighting energy savings.

Lee, Eleanor S.; DiBartolomeo, Dennis L.; Klems, Joseph; Yazdanian, Mehry; Selkowitz, Stephen E.

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

119

Does Daylight Saving Time Save Energy? Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Indiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. and H. Wolff. In press. Does Extending Daylight SavingCSEM WP 179 Does Daylight Saving Time Save Energy? Evidence94720-5180 www.ucei.org Does Daylight Saving Time Save

Kotchen, Matthew J; Grant, Laura E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Contour Analysis: A New Approach for Melding Geophysical Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new approach, contour analysis, for combining independent estimates of a geophysical field to produce a single realization incorporating data from all sources. Contour analysis divides the field estimates into contours and ...

Arthur J. Mariano

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Daylight, glazing, and building energy minimization  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the effects of glazing on thermal loads. Annual heating, cooling, and lighting loads are reported for a window office in a Houston building in which five types of glass were simulated. The glass parameters are U-value, shading coeffient, visible band transmittance, and inside reflectance; therefore, a change in glass directly affected the solar heat gain. Once again, it was assumed that the artificial lights were continuously adjustable, that is, the lights provide the difference between the illumination required (user specified) and that provided by daylight.

Jurovics, S.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Combining daylighting, personal controls, and load shedding offers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems can enhance occupant comfort and improve organizational productivity. However, even with advances lighting system to respond to available daylight and demand response control · Allows building occupantsCombining daylighting, personal controls, and load shedding offers enormous potential for reducing

123

Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services July 29, 2012 - 5:06pm Addthis Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Use the following links to get product information and locate professional services for lighting and daylighting. Product Information Advanced Lighting Package ENERGY STAR® Information on the ENERGY STAR Advanced Lighting Project, which allows homeowners to upgrade their light fixtures to more energy efficient products. Energy-efficient Lights ENERGY STAR® Information on the benefits of ENERGY STAR qualified light bulbs. Fixtures Guide ENERGY STAR® Examples and pictures of ENERGY STAR qualified light fixtures. How to Select Residential LED Under-cabinet Lighting (PDF) Alliance for Solid-State Illumination Systems and Technologies

124

Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services July 29, 2012 - 5:06pm Addthis Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Use the following links to get product information and locate professional services for lighting and daylighting. Product Information Advanced Lighting Package ENERGY STAR® Information on the ENERGY STAR Advanced Lighting Project, which allows homeowners to upgrade their light fixtures to more energy efficient products. Energy-efficient Lights ENERGY STAR® Information on the benefits of ENERGY STAR qualified light bulbs. Fixtures Guide ENERGY STAR® Examples and pictures of ENERGY STAR qualified light fixtures. How to Select Residential LED Under-cabinet Lighting (PDF) Alliance for Solid-State Illumination Systems and Technologies

125

Daylighting, dimming, and the electricity crisis in California  

SciTech Connect

Dimming controls for electric lighting have been one of the mainstays of the effort to use daylighting to reduce annual lighting energy consumption. The coincidence of daylighting with electric utility peak demand makes daylighting controls an effective strategy for reducing commercial building peak electric loads. During times of energy shortage, there is a greatly increased need to reduce electricity use during peak periods, both to ease the burden on electricity providers and to control the operating costs of buildings. The paper presents a typical commercial building electric demand profile during summer, and shows how daylighting-linked lighting controls and load shedding techniques can reduce lighting at precisely those times when electricity is most expensive. We look at the importance of dimming for increasing the reliability of the electricity grid in California and other states, as well as examine the potential cost-effectiveness of widespread use of daylighting to save energy and reduce monthly electricity bills.

Rubinstein, Francis; Neils, Danielle; Colak, Nesrin

2001-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

126

Lighting system combining daylight concentrators and an artificial source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combined lighting system for a building interior includes a stack of luminescent solar concentrators (LSC), an optical conduit made of preferably optical fibers for transmitting daylight from the LSC stack, a collimating lens set at an angle, a fixture for receiving the daylight at one end and for distributing the daylight as illumination inside the building, an artificial light source at the other end of the fixture for directing artifical light into the fixture for distribution as illumination inside the building, an automatic dimmer/brightener for the artificial light source, and a daylight sensor positioned near to the LSC stack for controlling the automatic dimmer/brightener in response to the daylight sensed. The system also has a reflector positioned behind the artificial light source and a fan for exhausting heated air out of the fixture during summer and for forcing heated air into the fixture for passage into the building interior during winter.

Bornstein, Jonathan G. (Miami, FL); Friedman, Peter S. (Toledo, OH)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Daylighting in schools: Energy costs reduced, student performance improved  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ordinarily, architectural-engineering firms are only indirectly concerned with psychological and physical benefits to the occupants of the buildings they design. However, a firm in North Carolina, Innovative Design, is not ordinary. Their use of daylighting in schools yields considerable economic benefits: energy costs reduced up to 64%, cooling and electrical equipment costs reduced, long-term mechanical and lighting equipment maintenance costs reduced. But equally impressive are the benefits of daylighting on student performance. Students in schools using daylighting have higher achievement scores in reading and math tests. Further, as shown in a related study, because of additional vitamin D received by students via daylighting, they will have less dental decay--and grow taller. In the two performance reports which follow, authors Nicklas and Bailey analyze specific win-win benefits of daylighting. Their findings are startling.

Nicklas, M.H.; Bailey, G.B. [Innovative Design, Raleigh, NC (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Does Daylight Savings Time Affect Traffic Accidents?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper studies the effect of changes in accident pattern due to Daylight Savings Time (DST). The extension of the DST in 2007 provides a natural experiment to determine whether the number of traffic accidents is affected by shifts in hours of daylight using the year as control group. Using data on traffic accidents in Texas based on crash reports provided by the Texas Transportation Institute, and a difference in differences technique, this study creates a regression model to determine how significant this factor is in affecting traffic accident patterns as observed in the data. Results show that DST has no statistically significant effect on traffic accidents of all categories including (but not limited to) highway, non-highway, and accidents, accidents with injuries and no injuries, and accidents by drivers of all age-groups. This implies that the federal government’s policy of DST (and its extension) has no costs incurred by a rise in motor vehicle crashes when it gets dark early.

Deen, Sophia 1988-

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Determining daylight illuminance in rooms having complex fenestration systems  

SciTech Connect

Traditional computational models predict daylight illuminance in a space by dividing window surfaces into discrete areas and then calculating the apparent luminance of each window element by multiplying the luminance of the natural light source in a given viewing direction by the window transmittance in that direction. This approach works well for conventional glazing materials but is incapable of modeling commonly used, but complex, window systems such as those with specular reflective venetian blinds. We describe a new approach that combines measured luminance distributions for complex window systems with a flux transfer calculation within the space. This method resembles the calculation of illuminance from electric light fixtures where the candlepower distribution of the fixtures is measured and used as an input to the calculation. Based on the variable luminance characteristics of the window system, the SUPERLITE program calculates illuminance at the workplane over the entire space. The measurement techniques and mathematical implementation in the SUPERLITE program are described. This approach allows a wide range of complex and shading systems to be evaluated without continuous changes in the computational program. A special apparatus for measuring the bidirectional transmittance of window systems has been built in conjunction with this approach. Sample results from the program are compared to measurements made in scale models in a sky simulator. 5 refs., 6 figs.

Kim, J.J.; Papamichael, K.M.; Selkowitz, S.; Spitzglas, M.; Modest, M.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Design and Evaluation of Daylighting Applications of Holographic Glazings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design and Evaluation of Daylighting Applications of Holographic Glazings Design and Evaluation of Daylighting Applications of Holographic Glazings Title Design and Evaluation of Daylighting Applications of Holographic Glazings Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-44167 Year of Publication 1996 Authors Papamichael, Konstantinos M., Charles K. Ehrlich, and Gregory J. Ward Call Number LBNL-44167 Abstract When combined with appropriate electric lighting dimming controls, the use of daylight for ambient and task illumination can significantly reduce energy requirements in commercial buildings. While skylights can effectively illuminate any part of one-story buildings, conventional side windows can illuminate only a 15 ft - 20 ft (4.6 m - 6.1 m) depth of the building perimeter. Even so, the overall efficacy of daylight is limited, because side windows produce uneven distributions of daylight. Achieving adequate illumination at distances further away from the window results in excessive illumination near the window, which increases cooling loads from the associated solar heat gain. As a result, the use of larger apertures and/or higher transmittance glazings, to introduce daylight deeper than 15 ft - 20 ft (4.6 m - 6.1 m), may prove ineffective with respect to saving energy, because cooling load penalties may exceed the electric lighting savings.

131

CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE LTG-3A Automatic Daylighting Control Acceptance Document (Page 1 of 1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for buildings with > 5 daylight control systems, sample group glazing must be the same orientation) Control-meter or amp-meter measurement Applicable Control SystemComplete all tests on pages 5 & 6 (No Daylight Test, Full Daylight Test, and Partial Daylight Test) and fill out Pass/Fail section on Page 6 A B C System

132

Reduce Threshold for Toplit Daylighting Area  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supporting analysis for proposed Supporting analysis for proposed changes to the commercial provisions of the 2012 IECC: Reduce Threshold for Toplit Daylighting Area R Hart R Athalye Pacific Northwest National Laboratory December 2012 2 Proposal Description This proposal modifies Section C402.3.2 of the 2012 IECC for the 2015 version. It reduces the area threshold for skylight daylit zones from 10,000 square feet to 2,000 square feet. It maintains 15 foot ceiling height requirement and the exception for climate zones 6 through 8. Energy Impact Based on average national energy prices 1 of $0.99 per therm and $0.1032 per kWh, the net savings are calculated with EnergyPlus(tm) 2 from whole building energy savings that result from reduced lighting, and depending on climate zone, increased or decreased heating and cooling.

133

Daylighting performance of electrochromic glazing system  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

52E 52E Lighting energy savings potential of split- pane electrochromic windows controlled for daylighting with visual comfort L.L. Fernandes Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory E.S. Lee Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory G. Ward Anyhere Software Windows and Envelope Materials Group Building Technology and Urban Systems Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division February 2013 Published in Energy and Buildings 61 (2013) 8-20 10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.10.057 ! DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of

134

Improving the daylighting conditions of existing buildings : the benefits and limitations of integrating anidolic daylighting systems using the American classroom as a model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Awareness of the benefits of good daylighting has risen in recent years, and the designs of many new buildings take daylighting into consideration. However, the majority of our built environment is older than this recent ...

Kleindienst, Siân A. (Siân Alexandra)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Using Daylight to Light the Access Zone of Road Tunnels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Daylight to Light the Access Zone of Road Tunnels Using Daylight to Light the Access Zone of Road Tunnels Speaker(s): Eliyahu Ne'eman Date: March 4, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Lighting guides for roadway tunnels specify relatively high luminances for the "access zone" into the tunnel. They are needed to allow the eyes of the driver sufficient time to adapt during the short period of the transition from the outdoor natural daylight levels to the fairly low luminances along the main length of the tunnel. Usually, the necessary high luminances are provided by rows of costly luminaries which consume a lot of electricity during peak use periods and need a good deal of maintenance. To save some electric power, controls are used to dim the lighting on cloudy hours. Daylight has been used for the access zone in several tunnels around the

136

Validation of Autodesk Ecotect™ accuracy for thermal and daylighting simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Autodesk Ecotect™ is an environmental analysis software which according to the U.S. Department of Energy, has not been validated yet. Therefore, the objectives of this research were to validate accuracy of Ecotect™ for thermal and daylighting ...

Prasanthi R. Vangimalla; Svetlana J. Olbina; Raymond R. Issa; Jimmie Hinze

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Daylighting Research at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Group of the Solar Energy and Building Physics Laboratory (LESO-PB), works on advanced systems for optimal use of daylight in buildings, with the aim of improving user...

138

A validation of the Radiance three-phase simulation method for modeling annual daylight performance of optically-complex fenestration systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of innovative daylighting systems and to demonstrate itsproperties of daylighting systems and have performed limitedCharacterization of daylighting systems required modified

McNeil, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Advanced optical daylighting systems: light shelves and light pipes  

SciTech Connect

We present two perimeter daylighting systems that passively redirect beam sunlight further from the window wall using special optical films, an optimized geometry, and a small glazing aperture. The objectives of these systems are (1) to increase daylight illuminance levels at 4.6-9.1 m (15-30 ft) from the window aperture with minimum solar heat gains and (2) to improve the uniformity of the daylighting luminance gradient across the room under variable solar conditions throughout the year. The designs were developed through a series of computer-assisted ray-tracing studies, laser visualization techniques, and photometric measurements and observations using physical scale models. Bi-directional illuminance measurements in combination with analytical routines were then used to simulate daylight performance for any solar position, and were incorporated into the DOE-2.1E building energy analysis computer program to evaluate energy savings. Results show increased daylight levels and an improved luminance gradient throughout the year compared to conventional daylighting systems.

Beltran, L.O.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.E.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that exposure to solar radiation (i.e. daylight), has aterm perceptions of solar radiation, and changes within afound that for direct solar radiation exceedng 60 W/m 2 (

Konis, Kyle Stas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

FREE-SPACE QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY IN DAYLIGHT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum cryptography is an emerging technology in which two parties may simultaneously generate shared, secret cryptographic key material using the transmission of quantum states of light. The security of these transmissions is based on the inviolability of the laws of quantum mechanics and information-theoretically secure post-processing methods. An adversary can neither successfully tap the quantum transmissions, nor evade detection, owing to Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. In this paper we describe the theory of quantum cryptography, and the most recent results from our experimental free-space system with which we have demonstrated for the first time the feasibility of quantum key generation over a point-to-point outdoor atmospheric path in daylight. We achieved a transmission distance of 0.5 km, which was limited only by the length of the test range. Our results provide strong evidence that cryptographic key material could be generated on demand between a ground station and a satellite (or between two satellites), allowing a satellite to be securely re-keyed on orbit. We present a feasibility analysis of surface-to-satellite quantum key generation.

Hughes, R.J.; Buttler, W.T. [and others

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Advanced Optical Materials for Daylighting in Office Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Optical Materials for Daylighting in Office Buildings Advanced Optical Materials for Daylighting in Office Buildings Title Advanced Optical Materials for Daylighting in Office Buildings Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBL-20080 Year of Publication 1985 Authors Johnson, Russell, Deborah J. Connell, Stephen E. Selkowitz, and Dariush K. Arasteh Conference Name 10th Passive Solar Conference Date Published 10/1985 Conference Location Raleigh, NC Call Number LBL-20080 Abstract The use of daylighting to supplant electric light in office buildings offers substantial energy savings and peak electrical demand reductions. The benefits from electric lighting reductions can, however, be easily offset by increased cooling loads if solar gains are not controlled.sThe use of advanced glazing materials having optical switching propertiesscan facilitate solar control and, with proper design, maximize energy and cost benefits. The potential net annual performance of these materials, based on simulation studies using DOE-2.1C, are discussed insthis paper. Actively and passively controlled response functions aresanalyzed for the cooling-load-dominated climate of Lake Charles. The effects of advanced materials on net annual energy consumption, peak electrical demand, and chiller size are compared with those of conventional materials. The results demonstrate the importance of operable solar control to achieve energy-effective daylighting design. Advanced optical materials that provide the necessary level of control are shown to minimize peak electrical demand and electricity consumption.

143

High fidelity field simulations using density and pressure based approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Density-based and pressure-based approaches in solving the Navier-Stokes equations for computational field simulations for compressible and incompressible flows have been presented. For the density-based flow solver, a generalized grid based framework ... Keywords: CFD, Density-based method, Pressure-based method

Gary C. Cheng; Roy P. Koomullil; Bharat K. Soni

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Development and evaluation of design tools for estimating the indoor daylight illuminance under the CIE standard skies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???Daylight is a natural, free and non-depleted resource coming from the sun. Integrating daylight with architectural design not only enriches the built environment but also… (more)

Cheung, Hoi Wah (???)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

The Soralux Daylighting System : passive solar illumination for deep-plan building spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daylight is a valuable resource for both energy and human health. However, this resource is often underutilized in buildings due to the difficulty of controlling the changing qualities of daylight. Deep-plan building spaces ...

Thuot, Kevin W. (Kevin William)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Towards Embedded Wireless-Networked Intelligent Daylighting Systems for Commercial Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficient office lighting systems can save 40% in electricity consumption in areas that receive significant amounts of daylight. In spite of the savings they can generate, daylighting systems are not widely used in the commercial office building. ...

Yao-Jung Wen; Jessica Granderson; Alice M. Agogino

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Jump to: navigation, search Name Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Address 1991 Crocker Road, Suite 600 Place Cleveland, Ohio Zip 44145 Sector Solar Product Installation; Manufacturing Phone number 440-892-3312 Website http://www.SolarLightisFree.co Coordinates 41.4648875°, -81.9506519° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.4648875,"lon":-81.9506519,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

148

New tools for the evaluation of daylighting strategies and technologies  

SciTech Connect

The use of daylight for the illumination of building interiors has the potential to enhance the quality of the environment while providing opportunities to save energy by replacing or supplementing electric lighting. Moreover, it has the potential to reduce heating and cooling loads, which offer additional energy saving opportunities as well as reductions in HVAC equipment sizing and cost. All of these benefits, however, assume proper use of daylighting strategies and technologies, whose performance depends on the context of their application. On the other hand, improper use can have significant negative effects on both comfort and energy requirements, such as increased glare and cooling loads. To ensure proper use, designers need design tools that model the dynamic nature of daylight and accurately predict performance with respect to a multitude of performance criteria, extending beyond comfort and energy to include aesthetics, cost, security, safety, etc.

Papamichael, K.; Hitchcock, R.; Ehrlich, C.; Carroll, B.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Singapore's Zero-Energy Building's daylight monitoring system  

SciTech Connect

A setup to monitor the daylighting performance of different glazing types in Singapore is presented. The glazing is installed in the facade of four dedicated testing chambers in BCAA's Zero Energy Building in Singapore. These test rooms are equipped with sensors that both record illuminances on the work plane, and luminances as seen by occupants. The physical and logical design of the monitoring system is presented. Criteria to assess the daylighting performance are introduced, and initial results of the work in progress are presented.

Grobe, Lars; Wittkopf, Stephen; Pandey, Anupama Rana; Xiaoming, Yang; Seng, Ang Kian; Scartezzini, Jean-Louis; Selkowitz, Stephen

2010-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

150

Advanced Facades, Daylighting, and Complex Fenestration Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

50% energy savings goal. Facade Lighting HVAC 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Approach Approach 1) Develop tools needed to model window heat gain and...

151

SunCast: Fine-grained Prediction of Natural Sunlight Levels for Improved Daylight Harvesting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

window, which allows the daylight harvesting system to set a specific window transparency level for each the center of the building. However, daylight harvesting systems have gradually gained popularity in mod- ern National Laboratory (LBNL) recently deployed a well-known daylight harvesting system in the new New York

Whitehouse, Kamin

152

Development of a new model to predict indoor daylighting : integration in CODYRUN software and validation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a stereovision-based human detection system which uses a far-infrared and daylightHuman detection with a multi-sensors stereovision system Y. Benezeth1 , P.M. Jodoin2 , B. Emile3 Far-Infrared (FIR) and daylight cameras mounted on a stereovision setup. Although daylight or FIR

153

USING VIDEO FOR ANALYZING DAYLIGHT SIMULATION TOOLS Daniel C. Glaser1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the daylighting system in The New York Times Headquarters.3 DALI continues to mature as a technology. Thus, there is a need for an advanced daylight sensor that can reap the benefits and flexibility for a given amount of time, the system goes to standby mode where daylight dimming is not operational. Normal

Salama, Khaled

154

GERONIMO: the CFS Daylighting Wizard Jrme Kmpf, Jean-Louis Scartezzini  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and metrics, 4th VELUX Daylight Symposium, 2011, Lausanne Abstract Complex fenestration systems composed systems. These measurements indicate how much and in what direction the daylight flux is redirected illuminances, glare risks calculations, daylighting autonomy and advanced user control of the rendering

155

SunCast: fine-grained prediction of natural sunlight levels for improved daylight harvesting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Daylight harvesting is the use of natural sunlight to reduce the need for artificial lighting in buildings. The key challenge of daylight harvesting is to provide stable indoor lighting levels even though natural sunlight is not a stable light source. ... Keywords: daylight harvesting, fine-grained prediction, sunlight, wireless sensor networks

Jiakang Lu; Kamin Whitehouse

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Effect of inelastic scattering on underwater daylight in the ocean: model evaluation,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

optical processes affecting underwater daylight are mathematically described by the radiativeEffect of inelastic scattering on underwater daylight in the ocean: model evaluation, validation capable of simulating underwater daylight in the ocean is presented. The main focus is on gelbstoff

Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

157

Using simple light sensors to achieve smart daylight harvesting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lighting is the largest single energy consumer in commercial buildings. In this paper, we demonstrate how to improve the effectiveness of daylight harvesting with a single light sensor on each window. Our system automatically infers the window orientation ... Keywords: building energy, lighting control, wireless sensor networks

Jiakang Lu; Dagnachew Birru; Kamin Whitehouse

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Analysis of Daylighting Requirements within ASHRAE Standard 90.1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), under the Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) funded by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), provides support to the ASHRAE/IES/IESNA Standard 90.1(Standard 90.1) Standing Standards Project Committee (SSPC 90.1) and its subcommittees. In an effort to provide the ASHRAE SSPC 90.1 with data that will improve the daylighting and fenestration requirements in the Standard, PNNL collaborated with Heschong Mahone Group (HMG), now part of TRC Solutions. Combining EnergyPlus, a whole-building energy simulation software developed by DOE, with Radiance, a highly accurate illumination modeling software (Ward 1994), the daylighting requirements within Standard 90.1 were analyzed in greater detail. The initial scope of the study was to evaluate the impact of the fraction of window area compared to exterior wall area (window-to-wall ratio (WWR)) on energy consumption when daylighting controls are implemented. This scope was expanded to study the impact of fenestration visible transmittance (VT), electric lighting controls and daylighted area on building energy consumption.

Athalye, Rahul A.; Xie, YuLong; Liu, Bing; Rosenberg, Michael I.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Energy impact of the use of daylighting in offices  

SciTech Connect

Additional data are provided to permit evaluation and optimization of energy utilization for office type applications with the use of daylighting. The scope of this is limited to the analysis of the sensitivity of the loads of four major parameters: window area, window/wall orientation, the type of glazing and the geographic location. three particular locations, Detroit, Houston, Denver, were selected to depict the influence of different climates. It is desirable to obtain, within practical limits, the lower and upper bounds of the effects of the parameters so as to be able to infer the results for a wide range of values. For this reason the performance of the model was analyzed for ranges of window area from 0 to 100% of the exterior wall area with glazing materials ranging from the single clear to a product of the highest thermal performance such as an insulating and reflecting window. The results for operation without daylighting are used as a baseline of comparison for the daylighting mode. The use of daylighting is found to be effective in reducing the total energy required in office buildings. Even though the heating energy requirement is increased, total energy required is reduced. The model does not include any aspect of the quality of the light, and the results are based on computer simulation, not actual case studies. 16 refs.

Sachez, N.E.; Rudoy, W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Color and spectral analysis of daylight in southern Javier Hernandez-Andres, Javier Romero, and Juan L. Nieves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Proposals (RFP). We focus on how daylighting and thoughtful electric #12;2 lighting systems and controls interiors to maximize daylighting distribution · Integrate the electric lights with the daylighting system. The team selected an optical louver system to occupy the daylight glazing to provide glare control

Lee Jr., Raymond L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The owner's approach : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to self-commission, and whoever can do this will own the market. Headshot of King Kong Dollar sign The New York Times Company issued a challenge to industry in the form of a "big,...

162

A comprehensive approach to integrated envelope and lighting systems for new commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

The authors define a comprehensive approach to integrated envelope and lighting systems design as one that balances energy efficiency with an equal regard to the resultant environmental quality. By integrating envelope components (glazing, shading, and daylighting), lighting components (fixtures and controls) and building HVAC/energy management control systems, they create building systems that have the potential to achieve significant decreases in electricity consumption and peak demand while satisfying occupant physiological and psychological concerns. This paper presents results on the development, implementation, and demonstration of two specific integrated envelope and lighting systems: (1) a system emphasizing dynamic envelope components and responsive electric lighting systems, that offer the potential to achieve energy efficiency goals and a near optimum comfort environment throughout the year by adapting to meteorological conditions and occupant preferences in real time, and (2) perimeter daylighting systems that increase the depth of daylight penetration from sidelight windows and improves visual comfort with the use of a small inlet aperture. The energy performance of the systems was estimated using the DOE-2 building energy simulation program. Field tests with reduced scale models were conducted to determine daylighting and thermal performance in real time under actual weather conditions. Demonstrations of these integrated systems are being planned or are in progress in collaboration with utility programs to resolve real-world implementation issues under complex site, building, and cost constraints. Results indicate that integrated systems offer solutions that not only achieve significant peak demand reductions but also realize consistent energy savings with added occupant comfort and satisfaction.

Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.E.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Klems, J.H.; Beltran, L.O.; DiBartolomeo, D.L. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Building Technologies Program

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

A study on daylighting for energy saving  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy consumption for lighting system of the buildings can catch up 50% of the total consumption. It often approaches that the artificial light also is used when is not necessary, for example in the schools or the offices. A possible method in order ... Keywords: natural light, saving energy, solar light

Roberto Faranda; Kim Fumagalli

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time October 30, 2013 - 12:36pm Addthis This Sunday, people across the country will set their clocks back an hour, marking an end to Daylight Saving Time. | Photo courtesy of iStock Photo, WoodyUpstate. This Sunday, people across the country will set their clocks back an hour, marking an end to Daylight Saving Time. | Photo courtesy of iStock Photo, WoodyUpstate. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Looking for Energy-Saving Tips? Check out our lighting page to learn about ways to save electricity. Learn how to incorporate daylighting into your home. For more ways to save, visit Energy Saver. This article is part of the Energy.gov series highlighting the "Top

165

Daylighting in schools: Improving student performance and health at a price schools can afford: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Over the next seven years, at least 5,000 new schools will be designed and constructed to meet the needs of American students in kindergarten through grade 12. National efforts are underway to encourage the use of daylighting, energy efficiency, and renewable energy technologies in school designs, which can significantly enhance the learning environment. Recent rigorous statistical studies, involving 21,000 students in three states, reveal that students perform better in daylit classrooms and indicate the health benefits of daylighting. This paper discusses the evidence regarding daylighting and student performance and development, and presents four case studies of schools that have cost effectively implemented daylighting into their buildings.

Plympton, P.; Conway, S.; Epstein, K.

2000-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

166

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Release Notes Release Notes Updated: 10/29/12 COMFEN 4.0 Release Notes History of COMFEN 3.1 Releases New Features Natural Ventilation Model COMFEN now has the ability to model natural ventilation as a replacement for a mechanical cooling system. Click here for more details. Cost Data COMFEN now has a simple Cost module, with default costs that can be over-ridden with user data. Click here for more details. Radiance Rendering Additions There are additional Radiance Renderings available, including Illuminance Maps. Click here for more details. Program Changes Updating Database from COMFEN 4.0 to 4.1 COMFEN will automatically update your 4.0 database to be compatible with the 4.1 database structure the first time you open a 4.0 database in version 4.1. This includes adding all the cost fields to the new database, as well as default cost data. If you have any problems with updating a COMFEN 4.0 database to 4.1, please email COMFENHelp@lbl.gov

167

Assessing the Feasibility of Creek Daylighting in San Francisco, Part II: A Preliminary Analysis of Yosemite Creek  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the sewer system via daylighting and other low impactdaylighting. Specifically, the city’s existing combined systemDaylighting a small upstream segment in McLaren Park but returning flow to the combined sewer system

Smith, Brooke Ray

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Daylight in façade renewal : using new metrics to inform the retrofitting of aging modern-ear façade types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New methods for quantifying daylight are increasingly accessible to designers and planners. While these methods have enabled new building facades to better balance the admission of daylight with the maintenance of thermal ...

Rice, Edward Oren

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Walking on daylight : the application of translucent floor systems as a means of achieving natural daylighting in mid and low rise architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is concerned with the introduction of quality daylight to buildings by means of translucency in the horizontal planes or floors within the building. Since people began to build, the concept of translucency in ...

Widder, James

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Daylighting coefficient of utilization tables. Final report, February-August 1983  

SciTech Connect

Use of daylighting coefficient of utilization tables provides a simple methodology for predicting interior illumination from daylight through windows. Tables are provided for transparent windows, and for windows with vertical and horizontal venetian blinds. The method predicts illuminance at five predefined target points within the room. The source code for the computer program which created the tables is included.

Brackett, W.E.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Venetian Blind Control System Based on Fuzzy Neural Network for Indoor Daylighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the indoor daylighting need, venetian blinds are a key element in the passive control of building’s vision environment. They help to control glare, daylighting, and overheating, all of which affect both the comfort of occupants and a building’s ... Keywords: fuzzy neural network, visual comfort, position of venetian blind, double control loops

Yifei Chen; Huai Li; Xueliang Chen

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Daylighting practices of the architectural industry (baseline results of a national survey)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A national survey of over 300 commercial design architects was conducted to develop baseline information on their knowledge, perceptions, and use of daylighting in commercial building designs. Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted the survey for the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Building and Community Systems (BCS). In the survey daylighting was defined as the intentional use of natural light as a partial substitute for artificially generated light. The results suggested that architects need to be educated about the true benefits of daylighting and the impacts it can have on a building's energy performance. Educational programs that will increase the architects' understanding and awareness of modern daylighting technologies and practices should be developed by utilities, stage agencies, and the federal government. If more architects can be made aware of the true effectiveness and positive attributes of daylighting systems and technologies, daylighting may be used in more commercial buildings. The results of the survey show that the more familiar architects feel they are with daylighting, the more they use daylighting. 3 refs., 19 tabs.

Hattrup, M.P.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Using Simple Light Sensors to Achieve Smart Daylight Harvesting Jiakang Lu, Dagnachew Birru, Kamin Whitehouse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research · Energy Systems Integration · Environmentally Preferred Advanced Generation · Industrial portions of the tubular daylighting device system. The design process for this project could have been a tube with an interior reflective system. TDDs are effective in bringing daylight into a building

Whitehouse, Kamin

174

How Do You Use Daylighting While Reducing Excess Heat from Windows? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Do You Use Daylighting While Reducing Excess Heat from Windows? Do You Use Daylighting While Reducing Excess Heat from Windows? How Do You Use Daylighting While Reducing Excess Heat from Windows? June 16, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Elizabeth discussed her south-facing windows and her difficulties balancing the nice daylighting advantages with the excess heat that can come through these windows in the summer. How do you use daylighting while reducing excess heat from windows? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles Fighting with South-Facing Windows This Month on Energy Savers: June 2011 Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money during the warm spring and summer months. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/eyedias.

175

Virtual heliodon: Spatially augmented reality for architectural daylighting design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an application of interactive global illumination and spatially augmented reality to architectural daylight modeling that allows designers to explore alternative designs and new technologies for improving the sustainability of their buildings. Images of a model in the real world, captured by a camera above the scene, are processed to construct a virtual 3D model. To achieve interactive rendering rates, we use a hybrid rendering technique, leveraging radiosity to simulate the inter-reflectance between diffuse patches and shadow volumes to generate per-pixel direct illumination. The rendered images are then projected on the real model by four calibrated projectors to help users study the daylighting illumination. The virtual heliodon is a physical design environment in which multiple designers, a designer and a client, or a teacher and students can gather to experience animated visualizations of the natural illumination within a proposed design by controlling the time of day, season, and climate. Furthermore, participants may interactively redesign the geometry and materials of the space by manipulating physical design elements and see the updated lighting simulation.

Yu Sheng; Theodore C. Yapo; Christopher Young; Barbara Cutler

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Gravity and Yang?Mills Fields: Geometrical Approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new geometrical framework for a tetrad?affine formulation of gravity coupled with Yang?Mills fields is proposed.

Roberto Cianci; Stefano Vignolo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Flow field design development using the segmented cell approach  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We report on fuel cell flow-field development employing two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (2-D CFD). Simulation of the flow distribution of a parallel channel flow-field, with a simple one-channel manifold, predicted inhomogeneous performance distribution within the cell. Further modeling, focusing on modification of the inlet and outlet flow fields, was used to predict a more homogeneous flow distribution in the flow-field. Attempts were made to verify the theoretical predictions experimentally by application of the segmented cell system. Measurements of the current distribution and CO transient response supported the 2-D CFD predictions. However, the margin of error between predicted and experimental results was considered insufficient to be of practical use. Future work will involve the evaluation of 3-D CFD to achieve the appropriate level of accuracy.

Bender, G. (Guido); Ramsey, J. C. (John C.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Gravity points in potential-field approaches to self organisation Aaron Sampson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravity points in potential-field approaches to self organisation Aaron Sampson School, among other applications. In this paper, we extend this approach by the addition of gravity points which]. In this paper, we extend this pattern by a notion of gravity points. These produce additional fields which

Smith, Graeme

179

A Potential-Field Approach to Financial Time Series Modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new approach to the problem of time series modelling that captures the invariant distribution of time series data within the model. This is particularly relevant in modelling economic and financial time series, such as oil prices, that ... Keywords: diffusion, multiple attraction regions, potential function, price

S. Borovkova; H. Dehling; J. Renkema; H. Tulleken

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

New approaches to thermoelectric cooling effects in magnetic fields  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors review thermoelectric effects in a magnetic field at a phenomenological level. Discussions of the limiting performance and problems with its computation for both Peltier and Ettingshausen coolers are presented. New principles are discussed to guide the materials scientist in the search for better Ettingshausen materials, and a brief review of the subtle measurement problems is presented.

Migliori, A.; Darling, T.W.; Freibert, F.; Trugman, S.A.; Moshopoulou, E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Sarrao, J.L. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

New approaches to thermoelectric cooling effects in magnetic fields  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors review thermoelectric effects in a magnetic field at a phenomenological level. Discussions of the limiting performance and problems with its computation for both Peltier and Ettingshausen coolers are presented. New principles to guide the materials scientists are discussed for magnetic effects, and a brief review of the subtle measurement problems is presented.

Migliori, A.; Darling, T.W.; Freibert, F. [and others

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

A Multistage Stochastic Programming Approach for the Planning of Offshore Oil or Gas Field Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Keywords: oil or gas field exploration, decision making under uncertainty, multistage stochastic be addressed. E-mail: grossmann@cmu.edu #12;2 1. Introduction Oil and gas field exploration and production1 A Multistage Stochastic Programming Approach for the Planning of Offshore Oil or Gas Field

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

183

Economic and design analysis of daylighting a commercial tower in a hot and humid climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A forty story commercial office tower in Tampa, Florida was redesigned for daylighting. The methods are outlined and results illustrated, A cooling load comparison is done to determine the economic feasibility of such a ...

Roscow, Robert F

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Time-varied daylighting performance to enable a goal-driven design process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to the overwhelming number of decisions to be made during early stage design, there is a need for intuitive methods to communicate data so that it is quickly and easily understood by the designer. In daylighting analysis, ...

Kleindienst, Siân A. (Siân Alexandra)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Form and daylight as a creative medium : Church of John Paul II in South End, Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is an architectural design project of a Catholic Church dedicated to Pope John Paul II. The main intention of this Thesis is to explore and clearly present daylighting methods and techniques and how important ...

Gruzewski, Jaroslaw

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Energy efficient commercial buildings : a study of natural daylighting in the context of adaptive reuse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daylighting is a powerful design element which can have a dramatic impact on people's perception of space, physical and psychological well-being as well as a building's annual and daily energy requirements. Understanding ...

Crowley, John Stephen

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A system for optimizing interior daylight distribution using reflective Venetian blinds with independent blind angle control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An operational algorithm for blind angle control is developed to optimize the daylighting performance of a system of reflective Venetian blinds. Numerical modeling and experiment confirm that independent control of alternating ...

McGuire, Molly E

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Does Extending Daylight Saving Time Save Energy? Evidence from an Australian Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSEM WP 163 Does Extending Daylight Saving Time Save Energy?advantage of the fact that DST does not affect electricityHowever, the simulation does not include non-residential

KELLOGG, RYAN M; Wolff, Hendrik

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Impact of Extended Daylight Saving Time on National Energy Consumption Report to Congress  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Pub. L. No. 109-58; EPAct 2005) amended the Uniform Time Act of 1966 (Pub. L. No. 89-387) to increase the portion of the year that is subject to Daylight Saving Time. (15 U.S.C. 260a note) EPAct 2005 extended the duration of Daylight Saving Time in the spring by changing its start date from the first Sunday in April to the second Sunday in March, and in the fall by changing its end date from the last Sunday in October to the first Sunday in November. (15 U.S.C. 260a note) EPAct 2005 also called for the Department of Energy to evaluate the impact of Extended Daylight Saving Time on energy consumption in the United States and to submit a report to Congress. (15 U.S.C. 260a note) This report presents the results of impacts of Extended Daylight Saving Time on the national energy consumption in the United States. The key findings are: (1) The total electricity savings of Extended Daylight Saving Time were about 1.3 Tera Watt-hour (TWh). This corresponds to 0.5 percent per each day of Extended Daylight Saving Time, or 0.03 percent of electricity consumption over the year. In reference, the total 2007 electricity consumption in the United States was 3,900 TWh. (2) In terms of national primary energy consumption, the electricity savings translate to a reduction of 17 Trillion Btu (TBtu) over the spring and fall Extended Daylight Saving Time periods, or roughly 0.02 percent of total U.S. energy consumption during 2007 of 101,000 TBtu. (3) During Extended Daylight Saving Time, electricity savings generally occurred over a three- to five-hour period in the evening with small increases in usage during the early-morning hours. On a daily percentage basis, electricity savings were slightly greater during the March (spring) extension of Extended Daylight Saving Time than the November (fall) extension. On a regional basis, some southern portions of the United States exhibited slightly smaller impacts of Extended Daylight Saving Time on energy savings compared to the northern regions, a result possibly due to a small, offsetting increase in household air conditioning usage. (4) Changes in national traffic volume and motor gasoline consumption for passenger vehicles in 2007 were determined to be statistically insignificant and therefore, could not be attributed to Extended Daylight Saving Time.

Belzer, D. B.; Hadley, S. W.; Chin, S-M.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Empirical assessment of a prismatic daylight-redirecting window film in a  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Empirical assessment of a prismatic daylight-redirecting window film in a Empirical assessment of a prismatic daylight-redirecting window film in a full-scale office testbed Title Empirical assessment of a prismatic daylight-redirecting window film in a full-scale office testbed Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-6496E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Thanachareonkit, Anothai, Eleanor S. Lee, and Andrew McNeil Conference Name Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) Annual Conference 2013 Date Published 10/2013 Conference Location Huntington Beach, California Keywords building energy efficiency., daylighting, microstructure film, prismatic film, windows Abstract Daylight redirecting systems with vertical windows have the potential to offset lighting energy use in deep perimeter zones. Microstructured prismatic window films can be manufactured using low-cost, roll-to-roll fabrication methods and adhered to the inside surface of existing windows as a retrofit measure or installed as a replacement insulating glass unit in the clerestory portion of the window wall. A clear film patterned with linear, 50-250 micrometer high, four-sided asymmetrical prisms was fabricated and installed in the south-facing, clerestory low-e, clear glazed windows of a full-scale testbed facility. Views through the film were distorted. The film was evaluated in a sunny climate over a two-year period to gauge daylighting and visual comfort performance. The daylighting aperture was small (window-to-wall ratio of 0.18) and the lower windows were blocked off to isolate the evaluation to the window film. Workplane illuminance measurements were made in the 4.6 m (15 ft) deep room furnished as a private office. Analysis of discomfort glare was conducted using high dynamic range imaging coupled with the evalglare software tool, which computes the daylight glare= probability and other metrics used to evaluate visual discomfort.

191

Delight2 Daylighting Analysis in Energy Plus: Integration and Preliminary User Results  

SciTech Connect

DElight is a simulation engine for daylight and electric lighting system analysis in buildings. DElight calculates interior illuminance levels from daylight, and the subsequent contribution required from electric lighting to meet a desired interior illuminance. DElight has been specifically designed to integrate with building thermal simulation tools. This paper updates the DElight capability set, the status of integration into the simulation tool EnergyPlus, and describes a sample analysis of a simple model from the user perspective.

Carroll, William L.; Hitchcock, Robert J.

2005-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

192

Question of the Week: How Do You Feel About the Extended Daylight Saving  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Feel About the Extended Daylight Feel About the Extended Daylight Saving Time? Question of the Week: How Do You Feel About the Extended Daylight Saving Time? March 12, 2009 - 6:00am Addthis Have you been drinking extra coffee this week? The spring switch to Daylight Saving Time can be rough-especially for those of us who aren't morning people-but that extra time in the afternoon sun sure is nice! The change took a few people by surprise-this is only the third year that Daylight Saving Time started the second Sunday in March, rather than the first Sunday in April. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 changed the start and end dates of Daylight Saving Time in order to save energy, and DOE has found that it worked. The savings from the shift, while small percentage-wise, are enough to power about 122,000 average U.S. homes for a year. See the article in EERE

193

Energy, Shading and Daylighting Analysis for the Austin Bergstrom International Airport Terminal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our firm was under contract with the City of Austin, Texas to perform energy analysis and analysis of the daylighting potential within the New Austin Bergstrom International Airport Terminal. Design of the Passenger Terminal Facility for the New Austin Airport included large glass areas for viewing arriving and departing planes, the sky, and the surrounding terrain. The glass was envisioned to provide quality natural lighting for the terminal during daylight hours in order to improve the quality of the space and save energy throughout the usable life of the terminal. For the glass to achieve the design goals, adverse qualities were minimized and beneficial qualities must be enhanced. Using computer simulation, we studied the shading devices on the south clearstories to maximize the daylight and minimize problems of direct gain in a large commercial space. The study also included analysis of skylights above the baggage claim, indirect lighting of major spaces within the airport, and the controls of the artificial lights for integrating the efficient use of the available daylight. The energy, shading, and daylighting analysis includes analysis of a mix of low and high volume spaces. The daylight sources include glass walls, clearstories, and skylights.

Holder, L. M. III; Holder, L. M. IV

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

MeanField Approach to a Probabilistic Model in Information Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mean­Field Approach to a Probabilistic Model in Information Retrieval Bin Wu, K. Y. Michael Wong, and rel­ evancy assessment for Information Retrieval (IR). Mean­field methods are applied to analyze algorithms in IR. 1 Introduction The area of information retrieval (IR) studies the representation

Wong, Michael K Y

195

A Machine Approach for Field Weakening of Permanent-Magnet Motors  

SciTech Connect

The commonly known technology of field weakening for permanent-magnet (PM) motors is achieved by controlling the direct-axis current component through an inverter, without using mechanical variation of the air gap, a new machine approach for field weakening of PM machines by direct control of air-gap fluxes is introduced. The demagnetization situation due to field weakening is not an issue with this new method. In fact, the PMs are strengthened at field weakening. The field-weakening ratio can reach 1O:1 or higher. This technology is particularly useful for the PM generators and electric vehicle drives.

Hsu, J.S.

2000-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

196

The graph representation approach to topological field theory in 2 + 1 dimensions  

SciTech Connect

An alternative definition of topological quantum field theory in 2+1 dimensions is discussed. The fundamental objects in this approach are not gauge fields as in the usual approach, but non-local observables associated with graphs. The classical theory of graphs is defined by postulating a simple diagrammatic rule for computing the Poisson bracket of any two graphs. The theory is quantized by exhibiting a quantum deformation of the classical Poisson bracket algebra, which is realized as a commutator algebra on a Hilbert space of states. The wavefunctions in this graph representation'' approach are functionals on an appropriate set of graphs. This is in contrast to the usual connection representation'' approach in which the theory is defined in terms of a gauge field and the wavefunctions are functionals on the space of flat spatial connections modulo gauge transformations.

Martin, S.P.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Performance of Integrated Systems of Automated Roller Shade Systems and Daylight Responsive Dimming Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Daylight responsive dimming systems have been used in few buildings to date because they require improvements to improve reliability. The key underlying factor contributing to poor performance is the variability of the ratio of the photosensor signal to daylight workplane illuminance in accordance with sun position, sky condition, and fenestration condition. Therefore, this paper describes the integrated systems between automated roller shade systems and daylight responsive dimming systems with an improved closed-loop proportional control algorithm, and the relative performance of the integrated systems and single systems. The concept of the improved closed-loop proportional control algorithm for the integrated systems is to predict the varying correlation of photosensor signal to daylight workplane illuminance according to roller shade height and sky conditions for improvement of the system accuracy. In this study, the performance of the integrated systems with two improved closed-loop proportional control algorithms was compared with that of the current (modified) closed-loop proportional control algorithm. In the results, the average maintenance percentage and the average discrepancies of the target illuminance, as well as the average time under 90percent of target illuminance for the integrated systems significantly improved in comparison with the current closed-loop proportional control algorithm for daylight responsive dimming systems as a single system.

Park, Byoung-Chul; Choi, An-Seop; Jeong, Jae-Weon; Lee, Eleanor S.

2010-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

198

Integrating window pyranometer for beam daylighting measurements in scale-model buildings  

SciTech Connect

An experimental device has been developed to measure the total amount of solar radiation transmitted through glazed apertures in scale-model buildings. The device, an integrating window pyranometer (IWP), has two distinguishing characteristics: (1) it provides a measure of transmitted solar radiation integrated over a representative portion of the model glazing, accounting for nonuniform radiation distributions; and (2) it is spectrally independent. In applications to scale-model daylighting experiments, the IWP, together with photometric sensors mounted in the model, allows the direct measurement of the fraction of transmitted solar gains reaching the work plane as useful illumination, a convenient measure of the daylighting system performance. The IWP has been developed as part of an outdoor experimental facility to perform beam daylighting measurements in scale-model buildings. In this paper, the integrating window pyranometer is described; the results of calibration tests are presented and evaluated; the advantages and limitations of the device are discussed.

Bauman, F.; Place, W.; Thornton, J.; Howard, T.C.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Feedback and Continuous Improvement Inspection Criteria and Approach - DOE Field Element, December 4, 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subject: Feedback and HS: HSS CRAD 45-21 U.S. Department of Continuous Improvement Rev: 1 Energy Inspection Criteria and Approach Eff. Date: December 4, 2012 - DOE Field Element Office of Safety and ~ Acting Di lector, Oftrce of Safety Emergency Management Evaluations and Emergency Management Evaluations Date: \ ~~ Ll\ \ &.... ~ Page 1 of 15 Criteria Review and Criteria Lead, Feedback and Approach Document Continuous Improvement Inspection Criteria and Approach - DOE Field Element Date: \:}.. \~ \1 a- 1.0 PURPOSE Within the Office of Enforcement and Oversight, the Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations' mission is to assess the effectiveness of those environment, safety, and health systems and practices used by field organizations in implementing Integrated Safety

200

The Role of Daylight in Achieving Ultra-Low-Energy Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daylight in Achieving Daylight in Achieving Ultra-Low-Energy Buildings May 6, 2011 Neall Digert, Ph.D., MIES Vice President of Product Enterprise Solatube International, Inc. Countries around the globe are experiencing an energy crisis! The World's enormous design and construction market is focused on energy-efficient retrofit and innovative, ultra-low energy new construction. The desire to halt global warming is creating an awareness and need for sustainable buildings, communities, and societies. Energy Policy is at the forefront of governmental initiatives in nearly every country. China needs to increase its generation capacity by over 1,312 GW between 2006 and 2030. Source: International Energy Agency, "World

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201

Daylight Analysis with Microcomputers for School Buildings in a Hot, Humid Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daylighting and other passive energy technologies are critical issues that should be considered in the early stages of building planning and architectural design. Both new design and retrofit of existing buildings benefit greatly by use of microcomputer-generated models, especially as they relate to building studies in zones of extreme climate. The hot, humid environment of Louisiana poses unique problems and calls for creative solutions. The use of microcomputers as analytical tools to develop suggestions for optimizing the amount of energy consumed for lighting and climatic comfort is illustrated. The effective use of daylighting can, as might be expected, produce net energy savings in most school buildings.

Leaver, J.; McQueen, T.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Dynamic hand gesture recognition: An exemplar-based approach from motion divergence fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exemplar-based approaches for dynamic hand gesture recognition usually require a large collection of gestures to achieve high-quality performance. Efficient visual representation of the motion patterns hence is very important to offer a scalable solution ... Keywords: Divergence fields, Hand gesture recognition, Maximum Stable Extremal Regions, Optical flow, Term frequency-inverse document frequency (TF-IDF)

Xiaohui Shen; Gang Hua; Lance Williams; Ying Wu

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Metering and Monitoring Approaches for Verifying Energy Savings from Energy Conservation Retrofits: Experiences from the Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes instrumentation approaches used in the verification of energy savings from industrial and large institutional energy conservation retrofits. Techniques for monitoring electricity, natural gas and thermal energy flows are presented. Insights gained from the actual in-field installation of monitoring equipment are shared and lessons learned are provided.

McBride, J. R.; Bohmer, C. J.; Lippman, R. H.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

An Intelligent Portfolio Management Approach to Gas Storage Field Deliverability Maintenance and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Intelligent Portfolio Management Approach to Gas Storage Field Deliverability Maintenance. #12;Objective To modify and apply the state-of-the-art intelligent, optimum portfolio management Intelligence Tool can predict Skin with high confidence The Portfolio Management for re-stimulation candidate

Mohaghegh, Shahab

205

Bound-state field theory approach to proton structure effects in muonic hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A bound-state field theory approach to muonic hydrogen is set up using a variant of the Furry representation in which the lowest-order Hamiltonian describes a muon in the presence of a point Coulomb field, but the origin of the binding field is taken to be three charged quarks in the proton which are modeled as Dirac particles that move freely within a spherical well. Bound-state field theory techniques are used to evaluate one- and two-photon effects. Particular attention is paid to two-photon exchange diagrams, which include the effect of proton polarizability. In addition the modification of the electromagnetic self energy of the proton by the electric field of the muon is examined. Finally, the model is used to carry out a calculation of the static electric polarizability of the proton.

Peter J. Mohr; J. Griffith; J. Sapirstein

2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

206

Evaluation of Lightshelf Daylighting Systems for Office Buildings in Hot Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents part of an on-going research project in the College of Architecture at Texas A&M University. This research investigates how lightshelf daylighting delivery systems can manipulate sunlight and daylight both in terms of their light and heat by shading view apertures below the shelf to reduce solar heat gain and glare and by reflecting light deep into the space through the daylight aperture above the shelf. It also investigates how to provide view with good interior lighting in terms of light levels, distribution, and glare. Evaluation of these systems are based on two different experiments. The first uses scale-models for daylighting evaluation. Methodology of the research is presented as well as results and evaluation for part of the first experiment. The second experiment will use computer program simulations for energy evaluation that include reducing lighting and cooling loads and shaving peak loads, especially, when used with selective low-e glazing for office buildings in hot climates.

Abdulmohsen, A.; Boyer, L. L.; Degelman, L. O.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Interactive selection of optimal fenestration materials for schematic architectural daylighting design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT RENDERINGS OF DIFFERENT TIMES AND DAYS ADVANCED FENESTRATION BTDF REDIRECTING DAYLIGHT-directional Videogoniophotometer for Advanced Fenestration Systems. PhD thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), 2004 on a standard PC. Using the standard CIE Sky Model [5], the system can render qualitatively accurate images

Xuan, Dong

208

D i i f S t i bilit i th B ilt E i tDesigning for Sustainability in the Built Environment Exterior Facade Design for Maximum Daylighting and Solar Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to downsize the air conditioning system. The resulting cost reduction helps pay for daylighting improvements Facade Design for Maximum Daylighting and Solar Power GenerationGeneration A frank assessment of issues "...the art and science of daylighting is not so much about how to provide enough daylighting as how to do

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

209

Kuparuk River field: a regression approach to pseudo-relative permeabilities  

SciTech Connect

The Kuparuk River field located about 25 miles west of the Prudhoe Bay Unit, North Slope Alaska, represents a large accumulation of oil spread over a wide areal extent. The large areal extent of the reservoir presented a major difficulty for full scale reservoir simulation of this field especially under waterflood conditions. To overome this difficulty a regression approach was successfully used to match finely-gridded, three-dimensional waterflood models with coarse-grid models. With this technique it was possible to construct a fieldwide model for facilities planning and to study the effect of facilities on ultimate recovery from the reservoir. 6 refs.

Johnson, J.B.; Nanney, M.M.; Killough, J.E.; Lin, Y.T.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

A Rigid-Field Hydrodynamics approach to modeling the magnetospheres of massive stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new Rigid-Field Hydrodynamics approach to modeling the magnetospheres of massive stars in the limit of very-strong magnetic fields. Treating the field lines as effectively rigid, we develop hydrodynamical equations describing the 1-dimensional flow along each, subject to pressure, radiative, gravitational, and centrifugal forces. We solve these equations numerically for a large ensemble of field lines, to build up a 3-dimensional time-dependent simulation of a model star with parameters similar to the archetypal Bp star sigma Ori E. Since the flow along each field line can be solved for independently of other field lines, the computational cost of this approach is a fraction of an equivalent magnetohydrodynamical treatment. The simulations confirm many of the predictions of previous analytical and numerical studies. Collisions between wind streams from opposing magnetic hemispheres lead to strong shock heating. The post-shock plasma cools initially via X-ray emission, and eventually accumulates into a warped, rigidly rotating disk defined by the locus of minima of the effective (gravitational plus centrifugal) potential. But a number of novel results also emerge. For field lines extending far from the star, the rapid area divergence enhances the radiative acceleration of the wind, resulting in high shock velocities (up to ~3,000 km/s) and hard X-rays. Moreover, the release of centrifugal potential energy continues to heat the wind plasma after the shocks, up to temperatures around twice those achieved at the shocks themselves. Finally, in some circumstances the cool plasma in the accumulating disk can oscillate about its equilibrium position, possibly due to radiative cooling instabilities in the adjacent post-shock regions.

R. H. D. Townsend; S. P. Owocki; A. ud-Doula

2007-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

211

A Hierarchical Multiscale Approach to History Matching and Optimization for Reservoir Management in Mature Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reservoir management typically focuses on maximizing oil and gas recovery from a reservoir based on facts and information while minimizing capital and operating investments. Modern reservoir management uses history-matched simulation model to predict the range of recovery or to provide the economic assessment of different field development strategies. Geological models are becoming increasingly complex and more detailed with several hundred thousand to million cells, which include large sets of subsurface uncertainties. Current issues associated with history matching, therefore, involve extensive computation (flow simulations) time, preserving geologic realism, and non-uniqueness problem. Many of recent rate optimization methods utilize constrained optimization techniques, often making them inaccessible for field reservoir management. Field-scale rate optimization problems involve highly complex reservoir models, production and facilities constraints and a large number of unknowns. We present a hierarchical multiscale calibration approach using global and local updates in coarse and fine grid. We incorporate a multiscale framework into hierarchical updates: global and local updates. In global update we calibrate large-scale parameters to match global field-level energy (pressure), which is followed by local update where we match well-by-well performances by calibration of local cell properties. The inclusion of multiscale calibration, integrating production data in coarse grid and successively finer grids sequentially, is critical for history matching high-resolution geologic models through significant reduction in simulation time. For rate optimization, we develop a hierarchical analytical method using streamline-assisted flood efficiency maps. The proposed approach avoids use of complex optimization tools; rather we emphasize the visual and the intuitive appeal of streamline method and utilize analytic solutions derived from relationship between streamline time of flight and flow rates. The proposed approach is analytic, easy to implement and well-suited for large-scale field applications. Finally, we present a hierarchical Pareto-based approach to history matching under conflicting information. In this work we focus on multiobjective optimization problem, particularly conflicting multiple objectives during history matching of reservoir performances. We incorporate Pareto-based multiobjective evolutionary algorithm and Grid Connectivity-based Transformation (GCT) to account for history matching with conflicting information. The power and effectiveness of our approaches have been demonstrated using both synthetic and real field cases.

Park, Han-Young

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Annual daylighting performance of a passive optical light shelf in sidelit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annual daylighting performance of a passive optical light shelf in sidelit Annual daylighting performance of a passive optical light shelf in sidelit perimeter zones of commercial buildings Title Annual daylighting performance of a passive optical light shelf in sidelit perimeter zones of commercial buildings Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2013 Authors McNeil, Andrew, and Eleanor S. Lee Keywords bidirectional scattering distribution functions, building energy efficiency, daylighting, Radiance simulations Abstract Sunlight redirecting systems have the potential to significantly offset electric lighting energy use in deep perimeter zones of buildings where the windows are subject to high daylight availability. New Radiance modeling tools have recently been developed and validated, enabling accurate and timely simulation analysis of the annual energy and comfort performance of these optically-complex, anisotropic systems. A parametric study was conducted using these tools to evaluate the performance of a commercially-available passive optical light shelf (OLS) in a 17.4 m deep (57 ft), south-facing open plan office zone in three climates. Daylighting efficiency, discomfort glare, and lighting energy savings with continuous dimming and bi-level switching controls were determined at varying depths within the zone. The OLS decreased lighting energy use significantly throughout the depth of the space and achieved these savings with minimal discomfort glare in the area near the window. Annual lighting energy use intensity was reduced to 1.71-1.82 kWh/ft2-yr (22-27%) over the full depth of the perimeter zone across the three climates modeled (Phoenix, Washington DC, and Minneapolis) compared to a non-daylit zone at 2.34 kWh/ft2-yr. There was a greater occurrence of discomfort glare (3-7% during daytime work hours) if the occupant was in a seated view position looking at the window from the back of the room. The system is passive, needing no adjustment during the day and over the seasons and can be used as a retrofit measure in existing buildings. These results are encouraging and demonstrate how the primary daylit sidelit area can be extended well beyond the defined limits provided by the newly adopted ASHRAE 90.1-2010 code (i.e., 1.0 times the head height of the window).

213

Space, light, and time : prospective analysis of Circadian illumination for health-based daylighting with applications to healthcare architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light in architecture can be studied for its objective or perceptual effects. This thesis describes an objective link between human health and architectural design. Specifically, the link between daylight and human circadian ...

Pechacek, Christopher S. (Christopher Scott)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Windows and Daylighting Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comfort Research Deposition Process Energy Star Field Verification Gas-Filled Panels Infrared Lab Integrated WindowWall LowE and Solar Control MoWiTT Optical data...

215

An Improved Daylight Correction for IR Loss in ARM Diffuse SW Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Improved Daylight Correction for IR Loss An Improved Daylight Correction for IR Loss in ARM Diffuse SW Measurements C. N. Long, K. Younkin, and K. L. Gaustad Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington J. A. Augustine National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Air Resources Laboratory Surface Radiation Research Branch Boulder, Colorado Introduction A paper by Cess et al. (2000) notes that some clear-sky diffuse shortwave (SW) measurements they were using from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site exhibited less than Rayleigh magnitude. Remarking that this is a physical impossibility, the obvious conclusion forwarded by the authors was that there was some problem with the ARM SGP diffuse SW data. Shortly thereafter, the problem of infrared (IR) loss from thermopile-based single black detector

216

A method of optimizing solar control and daylighting performance in commercial office buildings  

SciTech Connect

We present a method for analyzing the annual cooling and lighting electricity use and peak demand associated with varying fenestration and lighting strategies in commercial office buildings. A prototypical office building module consisting of four perimeter zones and a central core zone was defined and a series of DOE-2 building energy simulations were completed to create a data base for varying fenestration and lighting system parameters. Using regression analysis procedures, we characterize energy and peak performance patterns as a function of solar aperture, defined as the product of shading coefficient and window-to-wall ratio, and effective daylighting aperture, defined as the product of visible transmittance and window-to-wall ratio. Optimum performance consists of defining the solar and effective daylighting aperture values that minimize annual energy consumption and peak demand, a process easily facilitated by the methods described herein.

Sullivan, R.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Towards Embedded Wireless-Networked Intelligent Daylighting Systems for Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy efficient office lighting systems can save 40% in electricity consumption in areas that receive significant amounts of daylight. In spite of the savings they can generate, daylighting systems are not widely used in the commercial office building. Barriers prohibiting adoption include high retrofitting costs, and difficulty estimating and maintaining worksurface illuminances. In this paper, an intelligent control framework that utilizes MEMS-based (micro-electro-mechanical systems) ‘Smart Dust motes’ wireless platforms is explored. Due to their small size, they can be placed directly on the worksurface. As a result, illuminance estimation and maintenance is significantly improved. Furthermore, motes functioning as actuators can be interfaced with dimming ballasts without the need to rewire the building, enabling less expensive, less disruptive retrofitting of commercial buildings.

Yao-Jung Wen; et al.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Minimizing lighting power density in office rooms equipped with Anidolic Daylighting Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric lighting is responsible for up to one third of an office building's electricity needs. Making daylight more available in office buildings can not only contribute to significant energy savings but also enhance the occupants' performance and wellbeing. Anidolic Daylighting Systems (ADS) are one type of very effective facade-integrated daylighting systems. All south-facing office rooms within the LESO solar experimental building in Lausanne (Switzerland) are equipped with a given type of ADS. A recent study has shown that these offices' occupants are highly satisfied with their lighting environment. The most energy-efficient south-facing offices have a lighting power density of less than 5W/m{sup 2}. The lighting situation within these ''best practice''-offices has been assessed using the lighting simulation software RELUX Vision. Because this lighting situation is very much appreciated by the occupants, it was used as a starting point for developing even more energy-efficient office lighting designs. Two new lighting designs, leading to lighting power densities of 3.9W/m{sup 2} and 3W/m{sup 2}, respectively, have been suggested and simulated with RELUX Vision. Simulation results have shown that the expected performances of these new systems are comparable to that of the current lighting installation within the ''best practice''-offices or even better. These simulation results have been confirmed during experiments on 20 human subjects in a test office room recently set up within the LESO building. This article gives engineers, architects and light planers valuable information and ideas on how to design energy-efficient and comfortable electric lighting systems in office rooms with abundant access to daylight. (author)

Linhart, Friedrich; Scartezzini, Jean-Louis [Solar Energy and Building Physics Laboratory (LESO-PB), Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Neutron electric polarizability from unquenched lattice QCD using the background field approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A calculational scheme for obtaining the electric polarizability of the neutron in lattice QCD with dynamical quarks is developed, using the background field approach. The scheme differs substantially from methods previously used in the quenched approximation, the physical reason being that the QCD ensemble is no longer independent of the external electromagnetic field in the dynamical quark case. One is led to compute (certain integrals over) four-point functions. Particular emphasis is also placed on the physical role of constant external gauge fields on a finite lattice; the presence of these fields complicates the extraction of polarizabilities, since it gives rise to an additional shift of the neutron mass unrelated to polarizability effects. The method is tested on a SU(3) flavor-symmetric ensemble furnished by the MILC Collaboration, corresponding to a pion mass of m_pi = 759 MeV. Disconnected diagrams are evaluated using stochastic estimation. A small negative electric polarizability of alpha =(-2.0 +/- 0.9) 10^(-4) fm^3 is found for the neutron at this rather large pion mass; this result does not seem implausible in view of the qualitative behavior of alpha as a function of m_pi suggested by Chiral Effective Theory.

Michael Engelhardt

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

220

On the Use of Integrated Daylighting and Energy Simulations to Drive the Design of a Large Net-Zero Energy Office Building: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper illustrates the challenges of integrating rigorous daylight and electric lighting simulation data with whole-building energy models, and defends the need for such integration to achieve aggressive energy savings. Through a case study example, we examine the ways daylighting -- and daylighting simulation -- drove the design of a large net-zero energy project. We give a detailed review of the daylighting and electric lighting design process for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Research Support Facility (RSF), a 220,000 ft2 net-zero energy project the author worked on as a daylighting consultant. A review of the issues involved in simulating and validating the daylighting performance of the RSF will be detailed, including daylighting simulation, electric lighting control response, and integration of Radiance simulation data into the building energy model. Daylighting was a key strategy in reaching the contractual energy use goals for the RSF project; the building's program, layout, orientation and interior/furniture design were all influenced by the daylighting design, and simulation was critical in ensuring these many design components worked together in an integrated fashion, and would perform as required to meet a very aggressive energy performance goal, as expressed in a target energy use intensity.

Guglielmetti, R.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Plasma lighting, fiber optics, and daylight collectors: Toward the next revolution in high-efficiency illumination  

SciTech Connect

Combining three recently marketed innovations may provide the next revolution in illumination, making many other recent advances eventually obsolete. The first is plasma lighting, pioneered by Fusion Lighting Inc. of Rockville, Maryland, and first commercially applied by Hutchins International Ltd. of Mississauga, Ontario. This microwave-generated light source yields very high-quality light with efficacies at or beyond high intensity discharge (HID) lamps. The source uses no mercury, thus eliminating lamp disposal problems, and has no cathode, thereby providing very long lamp life. Using no phosphors, it also has very short start and re-strike periods, and is dimmable. The second innovation is in the distribution of light. Commercial developments in fiber optics and light guides now provide products that transfer light from a remote point and distribute it like standard light fixtures. Advances in fiber optic communications and applications to decorative lighting have supplied relatively economical systems for mounting and directing light from both electric light sources and the sun. The third advance is a result of efforts to harness daylight. Unlike architectural daylighting that directs sunlight into perimeter areas through glazing, daylight collectors are roof-mounted devices that supply light to interior and underground spaces through hollow columns and open chases. Aided by improvements and cost reductions in sun-tracking (i.e., heliostatic) controls that capture and concentrate sunlight, such collectors offer a source of free light to locations that might otherwise never receive it. When combined together, these three options could offer a centralized building lighting system that pipes lumens to distribution devices replacing many existing lamps and fixtures.

Audin, L. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Procedure for calculating interior daylight illumination with a programmable hand calculator  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A procedure is described for calculating interior daylight illumination using an inexpensive programmable hand calculator. The proposed procedure calculates illumination at any point within a room utilizing sky luminance distribution functions that are consistent with the CIE (Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage) Overcast and Clear Sky functions. This procedure separates the light reaching the point being considered into three components, these being (a) light directly from the sky, (b) light after being reflected from external, and (c) internal surfaces. Finally, two examples are presented in order to demonstrate the proposed procedure and indicate the speed with which the calculations may be performed.

Bryan, H.J.; Clear, R.D.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Simulating the Daylight Performance of Complex Fenestration Systems Using Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions within Radiance  

SciTech Connect

We describe two methods which rely on bidirectional scattering distribution functions (BSDFs) to model the daylighting performance of complex fenestration systems (CFS), enabling greater flexibility and accuracy in evaluating arbitrary assemblies of glazing, shading, and other optically-complex coplanar window systems. Two tools within Radiance enable a) efficient annual performance evaluations of CFS, and b) accurate renderings of CFS despite the loss of spatial resolution associated with low-resolution BSDF datasets for inhomogeneous systems. Validation, accuracy, and limitations of the methods are discussed.

Ward, Gregory; Mistrick, Ph.D., Richard; Lee, Eleanor; McNeil, Andrew; Jonsson, Ph.D., Jacob

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

224

Daylighting design analysis. Project status report No. 2, 1 March-31 December 1980. [For pre-engineered metal buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Detailed scale model studies regarding daylighting aspects of the passive/hybrid solar test building located at Butler Research Center in Grandview, MO are discussed. The product development program is aimed at providing passive/hybrid system building alternatives for commercial, industrial, and community purchasers of Butler's Landmark pre-engineered metal buildings. Occasioned by recognition, early in the project, that daylighting could strongly influence annual energy consumption in buildings of the targetted use types, scale models of several alternative design configurations, including that of the test building in Grandview, were built and tested. The major design alternatives, test results, and conclusions to date are described.

Hallagan, W.B.; Lindsey, L.L.; Snyder, M.K.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Burning Daylight.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This collection of short stories seeks to detail simple acts that are regarded as simple by everyone but the main characters. These characters vary… (more)

Mason, Ryan K.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Gibbs field approach for evolutionary analysis of regulatory signal of gene expression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new approach to modeling a nucleotide sequence evolution subject to constraints on the secondary structure. The approach is based on the problem of optimizing a functional that involves both standard evolution of the primary structure and ...

V. A. Lyubetsky; E. A. Zhizhina; L. I. Rubanov

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Simulating the daylight performance of complex fenestration systems using bidirectional scattering distribution functions with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

414E 414E Simulating the Daylight Performance of Complex Fenestration Systems Using Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions within Radiance G. Ward, R. Mistrick, E.S. Lee, A. McNeil, J. Jonsson Environmental Energy Technologies Division Building Technologies Department January 2011 Published in Leukos, Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America 7(4). DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information,

228

Effects of low-emissivity glazings on energy use patterns in nonresidential daylighted buildings  

SciTech Connect

Fenestration is the most significant envelope design determinant of energy use in nonresidential buildings. This paper presents our assessment of energy use effects of low-emissivity (low-E) versus conventional glazings for a range of window-to-wall ratios in a daylighted office building, in representative hot and cold climates. Low-E glazings transmit ''cooler'' daylight than their conventional counterparts because, for a given visible transmittance, they reflect a much larger fraction of incident solar infrared radiation. We thus use the ratio of visible transmittance to shading coefficient, which we define as K/sub e/, to compare the effect of representative glazing characteristics on component and total-building energy use, peak electrical demand, and required cooling equipment sizes. It is concluded that insulated glazings with low-E coatings can provide lighting and cooling energy savings in both hot and cold climates. The most dramatic lighting, cooling, and total electricity energy savings are achieved for increases of K/sub e/ within the range of 0.5 to 1.0; higher K/sub e/s provide diminishing savings. The increased R-value of low-E insulated glass units provides significant benefits in cold climates and is not a liability in hot climates. Low-E glazings also help increase the mean radiant temperature of interior environments in winter and reduce it in summer, and provide greater architectural design freedom without adverse energy consequences. Further, the higher first costs of these glazings may be more than offset by savings from smaller cooling equipment, energy and peak-demand cost savings, long-term financial gains from better rentals, and increased productivity due to improved occupant comfort.

Sweitzer, G.; Arasteh, D.; Selkowitz, S.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Economic analysis of the daylight-linked lighting control system in office buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to perform an economic analysis of the daylight-linked automatic on/off lighting control system installed for the purpose of energy savings in office buildings. For this, a building was chosen as a typical example, and the energy cost was calculated by using the daylight and building energy analysis simulation. When the lighting control was utilized, an economic analysis was performed using a payback period that was calculated by comparing the initial cost of installing the lighting control system with the annual energy cost which was reduced thanks to the application of the lighting control. The results showed that the lighting energy consumption, when the lighting control was applied, was reduced by an average of 30.5% compared with the case that there was not lighting control applied. Also, the result for total energy consumption showed that, when lighting control was applied, this was reduced by 8.5% when the glazing ratio was 100%, 8.2% for 80%, and 7.6% for 60% when compared to non-application. The payback period was analyzed in terms of the number of floors in a building; 10 floors, 20 floors, 30 floors, and 40 floors. Hence, the building with 40 floors and glazing ratio 100% resulted in the shortest payback period of 8.8 years, the building with 10 floors and glazing ratio 60% resulted in the longest period of 12.7 years. In other words, the larger the glazing ratio and the number of building floors are, the shorter the payback period is. (author)

Yang, In-Ho; Nam, Eun-Ji [Department of Architectural Engineering, College of Engineering, Dongguk University, 26-3, Pil-dong, Chung-gu, Seoul 100-715 (Korea)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

The use of daylight in the design of a controlled environment for food production in the Caribbean and other equatorial climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the use of daylight in the design of a controlled environment for food production in the Caribbean and other Equatorial climates. An expanding population has put a tremendous burden on the food ...

Charles, Curtis B

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A Switched Capacitor Approach to Field-Programmable Analog Array (FPAA) Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a voltage mode switched-capacitor Field Programmable Analog Array (FPAA) to be used to implement various analog circuits. The FPAA consists of uniform configurable analog blocks (CABs) allowing implementation of different functions. Each CAB ... Keywords: configurable analog block, field-programmable analog array, switched-capacitor

Haydar Kutuk; Sung-Mo (Steve) Kang

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Empirical assessment of a prismatic daylight-redirecting window film in a full-scale office testbed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for presentation to the IESNA 2013 Annual Conference, Huntington Beach, CA, for presentation to the IESNA 2013 Annual Conference, Huntington Beach, CA, October 26-29, 2013 and for publication in Leukos, the journal of the IESNA. Empirical assessment of a prismatic daylight- redirecting window film in a full-scale office testbed Anothai Thanachareonkit, Eleanor S. Lee, Andrew McNeil Building Technologies and Urban Systems Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Mailstop 90-3111, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA Abstract Daylight redirecting systems with vertical windows have the potential to offset lighting energy use in deep perimeter zones. Microstructured prismatic window films can be manufactured using low-cost, roll-to-roll fabrication methods and adhered to the inside surface of existing

233

Light-scattering properties of a woven shade-screen material used for daylighting and solar heat-gain control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shade-screens are widely used in commercial buildings as a way to limit the amount of direct sunlight that can disturb people in the building. The shade screens also reduce the solar heat-gain through glazing the system. Modern energy and daylighting analysis software such as EnergyPlus and Radiance require complete scattering properties of the scattering materials in the system. In this paper a shade screen used in the LBNL daylighting testbed is characterized using a photogoniometer and a normal angle of incidence integrating sphere. The data is used to create a complete bi-directional scattering distribution function (BSDF) that can be used in simulation programs. The resulting BSDF is compared to a model BADFs, both directly and by calculating the solar heat-gain coefficient for a dual pane system using Window 6.

Jonsson, Jacob; Jonsson, Jacob C.; Lee, Eleanor S.; Rubin, Mike

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Roof aperture system for selective collection and control of solar energy for building heating, cooling and daylighting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The amount of building heating, cooling and daylighting is controlled by at least one pair of solar energy passing panels, with each panel of the pair of panels being exposed to a separate direction of sun incidence. A shutter-shade combination is associated with each pair of panels and the shutter is connected to the shade so that rectilinear movement of the shutter causes pivotal movement of the shade.

Sanders, William J. (Kansas City, KS); Snyder, Marvin K. (Overland Park, KS); Harter, James W. (Independence, MO)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Energy Use Intensity and its Influence on the Integrated Daylighting Design of a Large Net Zero Energy Building: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Net-zero energy buildings generate as much energy as they consume and are significant in the sustainable future of building design and construction. The role of daylighting (and its simulation) in the design process becomes critical. In this paper we present the process the National Renewable Energy Laboratory embarked on in the procurement, design, and construction of its newest building, the Research Support Facility (RSF) - particularly the roles of daylighting, electric lighting, and simulation. With a rapid construction schedule, the procurement, design, and construction had to be tightly integrated; with low energy use. We outline the process and measures required to manage a building design that could expect to operate at an efficiency previously unheard of for a building of this type, size, and density. Rigorous simulation of the daylighting and the electric lighting control response was a given, but the oft-ignored disconnect between lighting simulation and whole-building energy use simulation had to be addressed. The RSF project will be thoroughly evaluated for its performance for one year; preliminary data from the postoccupancy monitoring efforts will also be presented with an eye toward the current efficacy of building energy and lighting simulation.

Guglielmetti , R.; Scheib, J.; Pless, S. D.; Torcellini , P.; Petro, R.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Quantum-fluid-dynamics approach for strong-field processes: Application to the study of multiphoton ionization and high-order harmonic generation of He and Ne atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wigner cor- relation energy functionals are used. QUANTUM-FLUID-DYNAMICS APPROACH FOR STRONGQuantum-fluid-dynamics approach for strong-field processes: Application to the study of multiphoton; published 18 March 2002 We explore the feasibility of extending the quantum-fluid dynamics QFD approach

Chu, Shih-I

237

Role of BCS-type pairing in light deformed nuclei: A relativistic mean field approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the binding energy and deformation parameter for light nuclei with and without pairing using a deformed relativistic mean field model. The role of BCS-type pairing effect is analyzed for Ne and F isotopes. The calculated odd-even staggering and the deformation parameters argue strongly against the role of pairing in the light nuclei.

P. Arumugam; T. K. Jha; S. K. Patra

2003-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

238

Carbon nanotube field effect transistors for high performance analog applications: An optimum design approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a need to explore circuit designs in new emerging technologies for their rapid commercialization to extend Moore's law beyond 22nm technology node. Carbon nanotube based transistor (CNFET) has significant potential to replace CMOS in the future ... Keywords: Analog, CMOS, Carbon nanotube field effect transistor (CNFET), Chirality, Single walled CNT

Fahad Ali Usmani; Mohammad Hasan

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

A statistical field theory approach applied to the liquid vapor interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Last years, there has been a renewed interest in the utilization of statistical field theory methods for the description of systems at equilibrium both in the vicinity and away from critical points, in particular in the field of liquid state physics. These works deal in general with homogeneous systems, although recently the study of liquids in the vicinity of hard walls has also been considered in this way. On the other hand, effective Hamiltonian pertaining to the $\\phi^4$ theory family have been written and extensively used for the description of inhomogeneous systems either at the simple interface between equilibrium phases or for the description of wetting. In the present work, we focus on a field theoretical description of the liquid vapor interface of simple fluids. We start from the representation of the grand partition function obtained from the Hubbard-Stratonovich transform leading to an exact formulation of the problem, namely neither introducing an effective Hamiltonian nor associating the field to the one-body density of the liquid. Using as a reference system the hard sphere fluid and imposing the coexistence condition, the expansion of the Hamiltonian obtained yields a usual $\\phi^4$ theory without unknown parameter. An important point is that the so-called capillary wave theory appears as an approximation of the one-loop theory in the functional expansion of the Hamiltonian, without any need to an underlying phenomenology.

Vincent Russier; Jean-Michel Caillol

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

240

An experimental setup to evaluate the daylighting performance of an advanced optical light pipe for deep-plan office buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research focuses on an advanced optical light pipe daylighting system as a means to deliver natural light at the back of deep-plan office buildings (15ft to 30ft), using optimized geometry and high reflective materials. The light pipe configurations follow a previous study at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Beltr??n et al., 1997). The current system is designed for College Station, TX (lat: 30?? 36??N), with predominantly mostly sunny sky conditions. This work consists of the monitoring of two scale models simulating a portion of a multi-story office building with open-plan configuration, with interior dimensions 30ft x 20ft x 10ft, built at 1:4 of its real scale, one of the models being the reference case and the other the test case where the light pipe system is placed. The main objectives of this thesis are (a) to examine this daylighting system comparative to the reference case, taking measurements for longer periods than the study at LBNL, as well as to collect detailed data of its performance under different weather conditions and with different materials; (b) to evaluate the visual comfort and possible glare problems of the light pipe system through photographic evaluation and the conduction of a survey that provides people??s opinions and suggestions about the daylighting system. The light pipe system demonstrated a higher performance than the reference case in terms of appropriate levels of light and people??s preferences. The illuminance at the workplane level showed to be adequate with any of the two different diffusing materials used to spread the light into the room. The light pipe without a diffuser was the other condition observed to further understand the bounces of the sunbeam inside the reflective chamber and its consequences on the lighting output. Recommended standards for office spaces with VDT screens together with the analysis of the daylight system, led to preliminary suggestions on how to integrate the light pipe system in an open-plan office configuration. Further study is indicated to reach the complete potential of this advanced optical light pipe that ties illuminance quality with energy savings through the integration of daylight and electric light systems.

Martins Mogo de Nadal, Betina Gisela

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Systematic Approach to Offshore Fields Development Using an Integrated Workflow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present a systematic method to primary develop existing black oil fields. This method uses integrated reservoir development workflow (IRDW) that relies on integrated asset model (IAM). Developing any existing field means providing a plan that generally serves the development goal(s) specified by management. However, serving the development goal(s) by itself does not guarantee an optimal development plan. Plans that do not rely on an IAM are less accurate. Some plans do not include economics in their evaluation. Such plans are technically accepted but usually impractical or unprofitable. Plans that only evaluate the field based on current, or short-term, conditions are potential candidates for bottlenecks, thus costly reevaluations. In addition, plans that do not consider all suitable options are misleading and have no room for optimization. Finally, some plans are based on “rules of thumb,” ease of operations, or operators’ preference, not on technical evaluation. These plans mostly lower long-term profitability and cause further production problems. To overcome these problems, project management must form a multidisciplinary team that uses the IRDW. The IRDW guides the team through its phases, stages, and steps to selecting the optimal development plan. The IAM consists of geological, reservoir, wellbore, facility, and economic models. The IRDW dictates building an IAM for the base (do nothing) case and for each development plan. The team must evaluate each scenario over the lifetime of the field, or over the timeframe the management specifies. Net present value (NPV) and Present value ratio (PVR) for all options are compared to the base case and against each other. The optimum development plan is the one that have the highest NPV and highest PVR. The results of the research showed that forming a multidisciplinary team and using a LDFC saves time and it guarantees selecting the optimal development plan if all applicable development options are considered.

Alqahtani, Mari H.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Quantum dots in high magnetic fields: Rotating-Wigner-molecule versus composite-fermion approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exact diagonalization results are reported for the lowest rotational band of N=6 electrons in strong magnetic fields in the range of high angular momenta 70 = nu >= 1/9). A detailed comparison of energetic, spectral, and transport properties (specifically, magic angular momenta, radial electron densities, occupation number distributions, overlaps and total energies, and exponents of current-voltage power law) shows that the recently discovered rotating-electron-molecule wave functions [Phys. Rev. B 66, 115315 (2002)] provide a superior description compared to the composite-fermion/Jastrow-Laughlin ones.

Constantine Yannouleas; Uzi Landman

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

243

Renormalization of quantum field theory on curved space-times, a causal approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of the thesis is the construction of a perturbative quantum theory of interacting fields on a curved space-time, following a point of view pioneered by Stueckelberg and Bogoliubov and developed by Epstein-Glaser on the flat Minkowski space-time. In 2000, a breakthrough was done by Brunetti and Fredenhagen who were able to extend the Epstein-Glaser theory by exploiting the point of view developed by Radzikowski to define quantum states on a curved space-time in terms of wave-front sets. These results were further extended by Fredenhagen, Brunetti, Hollands, Wald, Rejzner, etc. to Yang-Mills fields and the gravitation. However, even for theories without gauge invariance, many mathematical details were left unexplored and unquestioned. Our task was precisely to derive fully rigorously this theory in the case there is no gauge invariance. We propose in our work a complete review of the result, solving numerous questions, adding many new results around this program and, eventually, giving more precise details on the counterterms and ambiguities in the renormalization process, and a deeper understanding of the geometry of the wave front set of the n-point functions.

Nguyen Viet Dang

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

244

Augmented Superfield Approach To Exact Nilpotent Symmetries For Matter Fields In Non-Abelian Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the nilpotent (anti-)BRST symmetry transformations for the Dirac (matter) fields of an interacting four (3+1)-dimensional 1-form non-Abelian gauge theory by applying the theoretical arsenal of augmented superfield formalism where (i) the horizontality condition, and (ii) the equality of a gauge invariant quantity, on the six (4, 2)-dimensional supermanifold, are exploited together. The above supermanifold is parameterized by four bosonic spacetime coordinates x^\\mu (with \\mu = 0,1,2,3) and a couple of Grassmannian variables \\theta and \\bar{\\theta}. The on-shell nilpotent BRST symmetry transformations for all the fields of the theory are derived by considering the chiral superfields on the five (4, 1)-dimensional super sub-manifold and the off-shell nilpotent symmetry transformations emerge from the consideration of the general superfields on the full six (4, 2)-dimensional supermanifold. Geometrical interpretations for all the above nilpotent symmetry transformations are also discussed in the framework of augmented superfield formalism.

R. P. Malik; Bhabani Prasad Mandal

2005-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

245

A Poisson-Boltzmann approach for a lipid membrane in an electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behavior of a non-conductive quasi-planar lipid membrane in an electrolyte and in a static (DC) electric field is investigated theoretically in the nonlinear (Poisson-Boltzmann) regime. Electrostatic effects due to charges in the membrane lipids and in the double layers lead to corrections to the membrane elastic moduli which are analyzed here. We show that, especially in the low salt limit, i) the electrostatic contribution to the membrane's surface tension due to the Debye layers crosses over from a quadratic behavior in the externally applied voltage to a linear voltage regime. ii) the contribution to the membrane's bending modulus due to the Debye layers saturates for high voltages. Nevertheless, the membrane undulation instability due to an effectively negative surface tension as predicted by linear Debye-H\\"uckel theory is shown to persist in the nonlinear, high voltage regime.

Falko Ziebert; David Lacoste

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

246

Geochemical Enhancement Of Enhanced Geothermal System Reservoirs: An Integrated Field And Geochemical Approach  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The geochemical effects of injecting fluids into geothermal reservoirs are poorly understood and may be significantly underestimated. Decreased performance of injection wells has been observed in several geothermal fields after only a few years of service, but the reasons for these declines has not been established. This study had three primary objectives: 1) determine the cause(s) of the loss of injectivity; 2) utilize these observations to constrain numerical models of water-rock interactions; and 3) develop injection strategies for mitigating and reversing the potential effects of these interactions. In this study rock samples from original and redrilled injection wells at Coso and the Salton Sea geothermal fields, CA, were used to characterize the mineral and geochemical changes that occurred as a result of injection. The study documented the presence of mineral scales and at both fields in the reservoir rocks adjacent to the injection wells. At the Salton Sea, the scales consist of alternating layers of fluorite and barite, accompanied by minor anhydrite, amorphous silica and copper arsenic sulfides. Amorphous silica and traces of calcite were deposited at Coso. The formation of silica scale at Coso provides an example of the effects of untreated (unacidified) injectate on the reservoir rocks. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry were used to characterize the scale deposits. The silica scale in the reservoir rocks at Coso was initially deposited as spheres of opal-A 1-2 micrometers in diameter. As the deposits matured, the spheres coalesced to form larger spheres up to 10 micrometer in diameter. Further maturation and infilling of the spaces between spheres resulted in the formation of plates and sheets that substantially reduce the original porosity and permeability of the fractures. Peripheral to the silica deposits, fluid inclusions with high water/gas ratios provide a subtle record of interactions between the injectate and reservoir rocks. In contrast, fluid inclusions trapped prior to injection are relatively gas rich. These results suggest that the rocks undergo extensive microfracturing during injection and that the composition of the fluid inclusions will be biased toward the youngest event. Interactions between the reservoir rocks and injectate were modeled using the non-isothermal reactive geochemical transport code TOUGHREACT. Changes in fluid pH, fracture porosity, fracture permeability, fluid temperature, and mineral abundances were monitored. The simulations predict that amorphous silica will precipitate primarily within a few meters of the injection well and that mineral deposition will lead to rapid declines in fracture porosity and permeability, consistent with field observations. In support of Enhanced Geothermal System development, petrologic studies of Coso well 46A-19RD were conducted to determine the regions that are most likely to fail when stimulated. These studies indicate that the most intensely brecciated and altered rocks in the zone targeted for stimulation (below 10,000 ft (3048 m)) occur between 11,200 and 11,350 ft (3414 and 3459 m). This zone is interpreted as a shear zone that initially juxtaposed quartz diorite against granodiorite. Strong pervasive alteration and veining within the brecciated quartz diorite and granodiorite suggest this shear zone was permeable in the past. This zone of weakness was subsequently exploited by a granophyre dike whose top occurs at 11,350 ft (3459 m). The dike is unaltered. We anticipate, based on analysis of the well samples that failure during stimulation will most likely occur on this shear zone.

Joseph N. Moore

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

247

Daylighting: Measuring the Performance of Light Shelves and Occupant-Controlled Blinds on a Dimmed Lighting Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of a day lighted space is both an art and a science. The biggest challenge facing the lighting designer is to admit only as much light as necessary and distribute it evenly throughout the space without introducing glare or heat. In warm climates such as Florida, it has become common practice in windowed spaces to specify blinds and glazing with high shading coefficients to control glare and minimize heat gain. However, this practice reduces the effectiveness of lighting systems that dim automatically. Improved systems are needed to capture natural daylight and distribute it uniformly throughout a space while controlling heat gain and glare. One such system is the light shelf. Light shelves shade the space from direct sunlight and reflect this sunlight onto the ceiling for a deeper and more uniform distribution. While this is not a new idea, little unbiased empirical data has been collected, outside the laboratory, that compares the performance (energy savings, uniformity, and level) of an automatic daylighting system. This study measures the effectiveness of light shelves and manually controlled horizontal blinds in an automatic daylighting system. Power consumption and interior work-plane lighting levels were compared in four essentially identical private offices. Two offices were configured with an interior light shelf, one with a white diffuse top surface and the other with a specular surface. The third office had no window treatment and the fourth office had horizontal blinds, which were manually adjusted by the user. All offices had two lamp fluorescent luminaires with dimming ballasts (min. 20%) controlled by a ceiling mounted photosensor. The study showed that daytime savings ranged from 29% to 46%, with the largest savings from the office with the light shelves. The office with horizontal blinds showed the poor savings (32%) and also the poorest light uniformity and level.

Floyd, D. B.; Parker, D. S.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The Practical Application of Daylighting Systems as an Effective Energy Conservation Measure with a Reasonable Return on Investment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surveys conducted by the State of Florida Energy Offices Energy Conservation Assistance Program (ECAP) at the University of South Florida, over a 13 year period on a national basis, have, with repeatable results, shown that regardless of Longitude and Latitude, Passive and Active Daylight Harvesting Systems can significantly reduce conventional lighting loads with no adverse effects on a facilities originally designed HVAC systems. When such systems are properly engineered and installed, savings can be accomplished with little or no negative effect on a facilities Architectural Aesthetics and without compromising it's Water Tight Integrity.

Othmer, A.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

An interdisciplinary approach to certain fundamental issues in the fields of physics and biology: towards a Unified Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent experiments appear to have revealed the possibility of quantum entanglement between spatially separated human subjects. In addition, a similar condition might exist between basins containing human neurons adhering to printed circuit boards. In both instances, preliminary data indicates what appear to be non-local correlations between brain electrical activities in the case of the human subjects, and also non-local correlations between neuronal basin electrical activities, implying entanglement at the macroscopic level. If the ongoing extended research and the analysis of same continues to support this hypothesis, it may then make it possible to simultaneously address some of the fundamental problems facing us in both physics and biology through the adoption of an interdisciplinary empirical approach based on Bell's experimental philosophy, with the goal of unifying these two fields.

Fred H. Thaheld

2006-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

250

Simulating Field-Scale Moisture Flow Using a Combined Power-Averaging and Tensorial Connectivity-Tortuosity Approach  

SciTech Connect

Various stochastic methods have been developed over the past two decades to estimate effective unsaturated hydraulic properties. We develop in this paper an alternative practical approach to estimate three-dimensional effective unsaturated hydraulic conductivity via a combined power-averaging and tensorial connectivity-tortuosity (PA-TCT) model. An application of the new approach to data collected at a field injection site suggests that the PA-TCT model provides 1) a reasonable framework for upscaling core-scale measurements and 2) an accurate simulation of moisture flow in a heterogeneous vadose zone. The heterogeneous media at the injection site is composed of multiple geologic units, each of which is represented by an anisotropic equivalent homogeneous medium (EHM). The directional effective hydraulic conductivity for each anisotropic EHM was determined by upscaling the laboratory-measured hydraulic properties with the combined PA-TCT approach. A larger difference between the power values in the horizontal and vertical directions indicates a larger macroscopic anisotropy in unsaturated hydraulic conductivity. A moment analysis was used to quantify the center of mass and the spread of the moisture content difference. Numerical simulations showed that, if the flow domain were treated as being isotropic, the vertical migration was significantly overestimated while the lateral movement was underestimated when compared to observations. To the contrary, if the media was treated as perfectly stratified, the lateral moisture movement was considerably overestimated while the vertical movement was underestimated. However, when the flow domain was modeled as being mildly anisotropic with the PA-TCT based parameters, the model can successfully predict the moisture flow and the simulated plume matched the observed moisture plume the best.

Zhang, Z. F.; Khaleel, Raziuddin

2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

251

Semiclassical pair production rate for time-dependent electrical fields with more than one component: -WKB-approach and world-line instantons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analytic calculation of the semiclassical electron-positron pair creation rate by time-dependent electrical fields. We use two methods, first the imaginary time method in the WKB-approximation and second the world-line instanton approach. Both methods are generalized to time-dependent electric fields with more than one component. The two methods give the same result if the momentum spectrum of the produced pairs is peaked around $\\vec{p}=0$. The result in the world-line instanton approach can be obtained from the WKB result by a Taylor expansion around this peak. For the examples usually discussed in the literature the field has one component and the momentum spectrum is peaked at $\\vec{p}=0$ so that the two methods agree. By studying the case of rotating electric fields we however show that for fields with more components this is generally not true.

Eckhard Strobel; She-Sheng Xue

2013-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

252

Energy Use Intensity and its Influence on the Integrated Daylighting Design of a Large Net Zero Energy Building: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use Intensity and its Use Intensity and its Influence on the Integrated Daylighting Design of a Large Net Zero Energy Building Preprint Rob Guglielmetti, Jennifer Scheib, Shanti D. Pless, and Paul Torcellini National Renewable Energy Laboratory Rachel Petro RNL Design Presented at the ASHRAE Winter Conference Las Vegas, Nevada January 29 - February 2, 2011 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-49103 March 2011 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

253

Thermal and Daylighting Performance of an automated venetian blind and lighting system in a full scale private office  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic envelope/lighting systems have the potential to optimize the perimeter zone energy balance between daylight admission and solar heat gain rejection on a real-time basis, and to increase occupant comfort. Two side-by-side full-scale offices in Oakland, California were built to further develop and test this concept. An automated venetian blind was operated in synchronization with a dimmable electric lighting system to block direct sun, provide the design workplane illuminance, and maximize view. The research program encompassed system design refinements, energy measurements, and human factors tests. In this study, we present lighting energy and cooling load data that were monitored in this facility over the course of a year. Significant energy savings and peak demand reductions were attained with the automated venetian blind / lighting system compared to a static venetian blind with the same dimmable electric lighting system. Correlations between key weather parameters and

E. S. Lee; D. L. Dibartolomeo; S. E. Selkowitz; E. S. Lee; D. L. Dibartolomeo; S. E. Selkowitz

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Coupled polynomial field approach for elimination of flexure and torsion locking phenomena in the Timoshenko and Euler-Bernoulli curved beam elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The curvature related locking phenomena in the out-of-plane deformation of Timoshenko and Euler-Bernoulli curved beam elements are demonstrated and a novel approach is proposed to circumvent them. Both flexure and Torsion locking phenomena are noticed ... Keywords: Coupled polynomial field, Curved beam, Euler-Bernoulli beam, Finite elements, Flexure locking, Shear locking, Timoshenko beam, Torsion locking

Md. Ishaquddin; P. Raveendranath; J. N. Reddy

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

DOES DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME SAVE ENERGY? EVIDENCE FROM A NATURAL EXPERIMENT IN INDIANA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which is essentially a difference- in-differences approach. Using hourly electricity load data from 22 with the Sidney Olympic Games in 2000. Using a comparison of electricity load data from two states, where only one standard metrics for explain- ing and forecasting electricity demand. The reference point for calculating

Kotchen, Matthew J.

256

A DIRECT APPROACH FOR DETERMINING THE PERPENDICULAR MEAN FREE PATH OF SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLES IN A TURBULENT AND SPATIALLY VARYING MAGNETIC FIELD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A direct approach for explicitly determining the perpendicular mean free path of solar energetic particles (SEPs) influenced by parallel diffusion and composite dynamical turbulence in a spatially varying magnetic field is presented. As theoretical applications of the direct approach, we investigate the inherent relations between the perpendicular mean free path and various parameters concerning physical properties of SEPs as well as those of interplanetary conditions such as the solar wind and the turbulent magnetic field. Comparisons of the perpendicular mean free paths with and without adiabatic focusing are also presented. The direct method shows encouraging agreement with spacecraft observations, suggesting it is a reliable and useful tool for use in theoretical investigations and space weather forecasting.

He, H.-Q.; Wan, W., E-mail: hqhe@mail.iggcas.ac.cn, E-mail: wanw@mail.iggcas.ac.cn [Beijing National Observatory of Space Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Importance of aerosol composition, mixing state, and morphology for heterogeneous ice nucleation: A combined field and laboratory approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study chemical compositions of background aerosol and ice nuclei were examined through laboratory investigations using Raman spectroscopy and field measurements by single-particle mass spectrometry. Aerosol sampling ...

Baustian, Kelly J.

258

Recommended Approaches and Design Criteria for Application of Field Programmable Gate Arrays in Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) are gaining increased attention worldwide for application in nuclear power plant (NPP) instrumentation and control (IC) systems, particularly for safety applications. The use of FPGAs might reduce complexity and the associated burden of gaining regulatory approval and provide better protection against obsolescence compared to conventional microprocessor-based systems. This report provides guidelines and design criteria for application of FPGAs in NPP IC systems, add...

2011-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

259

Mean-Field and RPA Approaches to Stable and Unstable Nuclei with Semi-Realistic NN Interaction  

SciTech Connect

A M3Y-type semi-realistic NN interaction has been applied to the mean-field and the RPA calculations. Explicitly including the tensor force and the central part of the one-pion exchange potential, the semi-realistic interaction is useful in studying the Z or N dependence of the nuclear shell structure. The magicity of N = 32, 40 and 58 in the neutron-rich Ca and Ni nuclei has been investigated, and the Z = 28 magicity in {sup 78}Ni has been argued. Significance of the tensor force in magnetic transitions is demonstrated by the M1 excitation of {sup 208}Pb.

Nakada, H. [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University Yayoi-cho 1-33, Inage, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

260

A GPGPU based program to solve the TDSE in intense laser fields through the finite difference approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a General-purpose computing on graphics processing units (GPGPU) based computational program and framework for the electronic dynamics of atomic systems under intense laser fields. We present our results using the case of hydrogen, however the code is trivially extensible to tackle problems within the single-active electron (SAE) approximation. Building on our previous work, we introduce the first available GPGPU based implementation of the Taylor, Runge-Kutta and Lanczos based methods created with strong field ab-initio simulations specifically in mind; CLTDSE. The code makes use of finite difference methods and the OpenCL framework for GPU acceleration. The specific example system used is the classic test system; Hydrogen. After introducing the standard theory, and specific quantities which are calculated, the code, including installation and usage, is discussed in-depth. This is followed by some examples and a short benchmark between an 8 hardware thread (i.e logical core) Intel Xeon CPU and an ...

Broin, Cathal Ó

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A GPGPU based program to solve the TDSE in intense laser fields through the finite difference approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a General-purpose computing on graphics processing units (GPGPU) based computational program and framework for the electronic dynamics of atomic systems under intense laser fields. We present our results using the case of hydrogen, however the code is trivially extensible to tackle problems within the single-active electron (SAE) approximation. Building on our previous work, we introduce the first available GPGPU based implementation of the Taylor, Runge-Kutta and Lanczos based methods created with strong field ab-initio simulations specifically in mind; CLTDSE. The code makes use of finite difference methods and the OpenCL framework for GPU acceleration. The specific example system used is the classic test system; Hydrogen. After introducing the standard theory, and specific quantities which are calculated, the code, including installation and usage, is discussed in-depth. This is followed by some examples and a short benchmark between an 8 hardware thread (i.e logical core) Intel Xeon CPU and an AMD 6970 GPU, where the parallel algorithm runs 10 times faster on the GPU than the CPU.

Cathal Ó Broin; L. A. A Nikolopoulos

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

262

Tunneling of conduction band electrons driven by a laser field in a double quantum dot: An open systems approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate tunneling of conduction band electrons in a system of an asymmetric double quantum dot which interacts with an environment. First, we consider the case in which the system only interacts with the environment and demonstrate that as time goes to infinity they both reach an equilibrium, which is expected, and there is always a maximum and minimum for the populations of the states of the system. Then we investigate the case in which an external resonant optical pulse (a laser) is applied to the system interacting with the environment. However, in this case for different intensities we have different populations of the states in equilibrium and as the intensity of the laser gets stronger, the populations of the states in equilibrium approach the same constant.

B. Ahmadi; S. Salimi; A. S. Khorashad

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

263

Importance of aerosol composition, mixing state, and morphology for heterogeneous ice nucleation: A combined field and laboratory approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study chemical compositions of background aerosol and ice nuclei were examined through laboratory investigations using Raman spectroscopy and field measurements by single-particle mass spectrometry. Aerosol sampling took place at Storm Peak Laboratory in Steamboat Springs, Colorado (elevation of 3210 m). A cascade impactor was used to collect coarse-mode aerosol particles for laboratory analysis by Raman spectroscopy; the composition, mixing state, and heterogeneous ice nucleation activity of individual particles were examined. For in situ analysis of fine-mode aerosol, ice nucleation on ambient particles was observed using a compact ice nucleation chamber. Ice crystals were separated from unactivated aerosol using a pumped counterflow virtual impactor, and ice nuclei were analyzed using particle analysis by laser mass spectrometry. For both fine and coarse modes, the ice nucleating particle fractions were enriched in minerals and depleted in sulfates and nitrates, compared to the background aerosol sampled. The vast majority of particles in both the ambient and ice active aerosol fractions contained a detectable amount of organic material. Raman spectroscopy showed that organic material is sometimes present in the form of a coating on the surface of inorganic particles. We find that some organic-containing particles serve as efficient ice nuclei while others do not. For coarse-mode aerosol, organic particles were only observed to initiate ice formation when oxygen signatures were also present in their spectra.

Baustian, Kelly J.; Cziczo, Daniel J.; Wise, M. A.; Pratt, Kerri; Kulkarni, Gourihar R.; Hallar, Anna G.; Tolbert, Margaret A.

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

264

Effectiveness of External Window Attachments Based on Daylight Utilization and Cooling Load Reduction for Small Office Buildings in Hot Humid Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study explored the effectiveness of selected external shading devices and glazing treatments used to minimize the total annual energy consumption in small office buildings in hot humid climates. The external shading devices included a permanent horizontal overhang and a light shelf. The selected types of glazing included clear, reflective, tinted, low-emissivity coating, and heat-mirror glass. One concern about using external window attachments is that while reducing the solar heat gains, they also reduce the amount of the daylight needed to supplement interior lighting. Therefore the objective of this study was to explore which strategy would give a balance between solar heat gain reduction and daylight utilization and result in the most energy savings in the building. Computer simulations using an hourly energy calculation model were conducted to predict the building's total energy consumption using each strategy. The economics of each strategy were analyzed with lifecycle costing techniques using the present value technique. Results show that properly designed overhangs that shade clear glazing are slightly more cost-effective than specialized low-e glazing systems. These results are unique for hot humid climates where winter heating is not an issue. On the contrary, when used in cold climates, external shading devices tend to increase the building's energy consumption.

Soebarto, V. I.; Degelman, L. O.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Maryland Daylighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Day Lighting Quality Day Lighting Quality M a r y l a n d The most dramatic effect is the horizontal ribbon of square windows placed high on the north wall. This clerestory floods the primary spaces of the house with natural light by reflecting off of the curved white ceiling. The clearstory also turns the corner on both the east and west end walls adding dimension to the space with a hints of direct light depending on the season and time of day. The natural lighting scheme continues on the south façade with large glazed sliding doors that open into the bedroom. This sliding door unit also features glazed sidelights for a panoramic affect. The kitchen offers an accommodating counterpart to this design language in the form of two glider windows which run the length of the

266

Daylight Saving Time Rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The new changes were enacted by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, which extended the length of DST in the interest of reducing energy consumption ...

2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

267

On the Use of Integrated Daylighting and Energy Simulations To Drive the Design of a Large Net-Zero Energy Office Building: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

522 522 August 2010 On the Use of Integrated Daylighting and Energy Simulations To Drive the Design of a Large Net-Zero Energy Office Building Preprint Rob Guglielmetti, Shanti Pless, and Paul Torcellini Presented at SimBuild 2010 New York, New York August 15-19, 2010 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

268

Investigation of the field-induced ferromagnetic phase transition in spin-polarized neutron matter: A lowest order constrained variational approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, the lowest order constrained variational method is used to investigate the magnetic properties of spin-polarized neutron matter in the presence of strong magnetic field at zero temperature employing the AV{sub 18} potential. Our results indicate that a ferromagnetic phase transition is induced by a strong magnetic field with strength greater than 10{sup 18} G, leading to a partial spin polarization of the neutron matter. It is also shown that the equation of state of neutron matter in the presence of a magnetic field is stiffer than in the absence of a magnetic field.

Bordbar, G. H. [Department of Physics, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha, P.O. Box 55134-441, Maragha 55177-36698 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rezaei, Z.; Montakhab, Afshin [Department of Physics, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Baseline information development for energy smart schools -- applied research, field testing and technology integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

daylighting Other key parameters and information that would be available to investigate overall energy uses, building and systems’

Xu, Tengfang; Piette, Mary Ann

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Daylight metrics and energy savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for determining electric lighting usage. Some of the moreAny savings in electric lighting usage were determined oras well as on electric lighting usage. 23 of 30 To this end,

Mardaljevic, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

DAYLIGHTING DIRECTORY 1/1980  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PRESENTATIONS ' ~solar Radiation Data, Natural Lighting, andJUROVICS, S.A. "Solar Radiation Data, Natural Lighting, and

,

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Tips for Daylighting - Copyright Agreement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Envelope and Lighting Systems to Reduce Electric Demand." January, 1997. For more information, contact Pat Ross, (510) 486-6845. This document may not be reproduced, stored...

273

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- THERM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with condensation, moisture damage, and structural integrity. THERMs two-dimensional conduction heat-transfer analysis is based on the finite-element method, which can model...

274

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- COMFEN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COMFEN Last Updated: 01012013 Overview COMFEN is a tool designed to support the systematic evaluation of alternative fenestration systems for project-specific commercial building...

275

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- THERM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a problem with the software) Documentation Future Work Tutorials Two-Dimensional Building Heat-Transfer Modeling THERM is a state-of-the-art, Microsoft Windows-based computer...

276

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- RESFEN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cooling costs associated with windows while increasing occupant comfort and minimizing window surface condensation problems. However, consumers are often confused about how to pick...

277

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- CGDB  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NFRC Approved Complex Glazing Product List Last Updated: 07252013 Overview The following products from the CGDB 1.2 database can be used for NFRC ratings Pella ID Shading Layer...

278

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

downloading and installing Optics 6, as it has a few bug fixes and works with Windows 7 and 8. NFRC (National Fenestration Rating Council) will "sunset" use of Optics 5.1...

279

Daylight metrics and energy savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for determining electric lighting usage. Some of the moreAny savings in electric lighting usage were determined orload as well as on electric lighting usage. 23 of 30 To this

Mardaljevic, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

1 String field theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This elementary introduction to string field theory highlights the features and the limitations of this approach to quantum gravity as it is currently understood. String field theory is a formulation of string theory as a field theory in space-time with an infinite number of massive fields. Although existing constructions of string field theory require expanding around a fixed choice of space-time background, the theory is in principle background-independent, in the sense that different backgrounds can be realized as different field configurations in the theory. String field theory is the only string formalism developed so far which, in principle, has the potential to systematically address questions involving multiple asymptotically distinct string backgrounds. Thus, although it is not yet well defined as a quantum theory, string field theory may eventually be helpful for understanding questions related to cosmology in string theory. 1.1

W. Taylor

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Baseline information development for energy smart schools -- applied research, field testing and technology integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Energy Center of Wisconsin (ECW) manages DaylightingFlorida, New York, and Wisconsin. The goal of this dataFlorida, New York, and Wisconsin. Throughout the project,

Xu, Tengfang; Piette, Mary Ann

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Measurements of insolation variation over a solar collector field  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The experiment described in this report makes observations to determine the direct insolation every 16 sec at corners of a quadrilateral approximately 600 meters in size located near Barstow, California. This size approximates the collector field of the solar power plant to be built near Barstow. Data from the first three months of operation of this experiment indicate cloudy conditions, capable of affecting the operation of a solar power plant, occurred during 15% of the daylight hours of some months. Patterns of insolation variation over the experiment area indicate shadows often exist with dimensions less than the projected size of the collection field for the 10 MW/sub e/ solar thermal power plant. Detailed statistical summaries of four partly cloudy events are included. Rates of insolation change on an individual sensor greater than or equal to 30 Wm/sup -2/ sec/sup -1/ have been observed, but these rate measurements have probably been limited by the response time of the experimental system. Spatial averaging of the measured insolation over the sensor field lowers the rate of insolation change.

Not Available

1978-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

283

String Field Equations from Generalized Sigma Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I I . i LBNL-39854 String Field Equations fromU C B - P T H - 9 7 / 0 3 String F i e l d Equations fromnew approach for deriving the string field equations from a

Bardakci, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Indirect biological measures of consciousness from field studies of brains as dynamical systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carried by beta-gamma activity fields may approach thecortical fields of the relevant macroscopic beta events aredelays giving beta. Neural field dynamics and consciousness

Freeman, Walter J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 (7.2.29 -- December 29 2013) Release Notes Updated: 12/29/13 If you find bugs, or have comments about this version, please do not hesitate to send an email to WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 7.2.29 (December 29, 2013) Program Changes Glazing System Shading System Details For shading system in a Glazing System Library construction, the emittances, conductance and TIR are not displayed, as they are only available after a calculation has been completed. Perforated Screens An input value for "Effective Openness Factor" has been added to the Shading Layer Library for perforated screens. At a future date, we will update the program to calculate this value automatically.

286

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- COMFEN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Beta 5 Beta (5.0.05 -- January 1, 2013) Last Updated: 01/01/2013 Screen Shots Opening Screen, Overview Tab Climate Tab Facade Edit Screen The Facade Library screen allows the user to define a facade with windows, and overhangs and fins for each window. COMFEN displays the geometry of each window that is defined as well as the position in the facade. Each window can be defined with a different glazing system and frame combination if desired. Multiple facades can be defined on this screen, and then compared in the Project screen, described below. Glazed Wall Assembly Definition Glazing System Library The Glazing System Library allows the user to make new glazing systems or import them from a WINDOW 6 database. Shading Control Scheme Library The Shading Control Scheme Library screen allows the user to define interior, exterior and between glass shading systems for

287

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vertical Louvered Blind Shading Systems Vertical Louvered Blind Shading Systems It is now possible to model Vertical Louvered Blinds in the Shading Layer Library, and then add them to a glazing system in the Glazing System Library. Shading Layer Library In the Shading Layer Library, set the Type to "Venetian blind, vertical" and then input values for the slat width, slat spacing and tilt will appear. The graphic image is a "plan" view of the vertical louvered blinds and will display the geometry of the blind based on the input values. Glazing System Library Once the Vertical Louvered Blind is defined in the Shading Layer Library, it can be added to a glazing system in the Glazing System Library. The blind in the screen shot below has been added to the inside of a double-glazed IGU.

288

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WINDOW 6 and THERM 6 Technical Documentation WINDOW 6 and THERM 6 Technical Documentation Algorithm Documentation WINDOW6 and THERM6 implement the ISO 15099 algorithms: bullet ISO 15099 The algorithms in WINDOW6 and THERM6 follow the procedures presented in ISO 15099: "Thermal performance of windows, doors and shading devices - Detailed calculations." See: http://webstore.ansi.org/ansidocstore/product.asp?sku=ISO+15099%3A2003 In addition to implementing ISO 15099 algorithms in WINDOW6 and THERM6, we have added additional capabilities to WINDOW6. The following reports and papers describe these additional capabilities and/or elaborate on ISO15099. bullet Thermal Algorithm Documentation for THERM6: Conrad 5 & Viewer 5 Technical and Programming Documentation June 20, 2006 bullet Thermal Algorithm Documentation for WINDOW6:

289

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- THERM Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

THERM Tutorials THERM Tutorials bullet Creating THERM Sample File (Flash Video) (A 17 minute video which will open in your browser) specification document to accompany the Tutorial (PDF file) bullet Creating a Steel Stud Wall in THERM (Flash Video) Windows Media Player: WMV QuickTime: MOV bullet U-factor tags explanation (Flash Video) Windows Media Player WMV QuickTime: MOV bullet DXF Underlay - False Die Mold Method (Flash Video) Windows Media Player WMV QuickTime: MOV bullet The Calc Manager in THERM has been made into a multi-threaded process which allows it to take advantage of multi-core processors. See this video for more information about this enhancement. QuickTime:MOV bullet Displaying Surface Condensation Potential in THERM 7 QuickTime:MOV bullet Viewing R-values instead of U-factors in THERM 7

290

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deflection Modeling Deflection Modeling It is now possible to model the effects of glass deflection in WINDOW 7. Glazing System Library The Glazing System Library is where the deflection modeling input values are entered. When the "Model Deflection" box is checked, a Deflection input box appears. When the Glazing System is calculated, two rows of results, one for the undeflected state and one for the deflected state, appear for Center of Glass Results, Temperature Data and Angular data. In addition, a Deflection tab appears, which shows the deflection of each glass layer and the resulting gap width for each gap. Glazing System Deflect Input There are two options for defining the deflection in a glazing system, by choosing from the "Input" pulldown list:

291

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CGDB Import Into WINDOW CGDB Import Into WINDOW Updated: 11/14/12 Detailed Instructions for Importing CGDB data into WINDOW These instructions apply to either WINDOW 6 or 7. WINDOW 6 vs WINDOW 7 Because the database structure of WINDOW 6 is different that WINDOW 7, there are different CGDB files to go with each version of WINDOW. There are also different versions of the XML files for each version, because in WINDOW 7 some problems with the files were fixed. Setup of CGDB The CGDB consists of a WINDOW database of records in the Shading Layer, Shade Material Library, and Glass Library, as well as a set of text files for systems that reference BSDF XML files. Database: The installation will put two databases into the "LBNL Shared" directory: (the location will depend on your operating system):

292

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- THERM Components  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Components Components THERM has three basic components: Graphic User Interface: a graphic user interface that allows you to draw a cross section of the product or component for which you are performing thermal calculations. Heat Transfer Analysis: a heat-transfer analysis component that includes: an automatic mesh generator to create the elements for the finite-element analysis, a finite-element solver, an optional error estimator and adaptive mesh generator, and an optional view-factor radiation model. Results: a results displayer. Graphic User Interface THERM has standard graphic capabilities associated with the Microsoft Windows™ operating system. For example, THERM allows you to use: Both mouse and cursor operations; Standard editing features, such as Cut, Copy, Paste, Select All, and Delete;

293

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- COMFEN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Last Updated: 10/04/2012 Screen Shots Opening Screen, Overview Tab Climate Tab Facade Edit Screen The Facade Library screen allows the user to define a facade with windows, and overhangs and fins for each window. COMFEN displays the geometry of each window that is defined as well as the position in the facade. Each window can be defined with a different glazing system and frame combination if desired. Multiple facades can be defined on this screen, and then compared in the Project screen, described below. Glazed Wall Assembly Definition Glazing System Library The Glazing System Library allows the user to make new glazing systems or import them from a WINDOW 6 database. Shading Control Scheme Library The Shading Control Scheme Library screen allows the user to define interior, exterior and between glass shading systems for

294

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Security & Safety Energy Economy Funding Opportunities State & Local Government Science & Innovation Science & Technology Science Education Innovation Energy Sources Energy Usage...

295

Sponsors : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

researchindex.html In-kind cost-share The New York Times Company Advance Transformer Co. Lutron Electronics, Inc. MechoShade Systems, Inc. Siemens Building...

296

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(6.3.74 -- February 14, 2012) Release Notes Updated: 02/15/13 If you find bugs, or if you think these have not been fixed, please do not hesitate to send an email to WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 6.3.74 Program Changes Window LIbrary: Window Types In previous versions of WINDOW 6.3, there were two different Window Type lists, with conflicting ID numbers, which resulted in the possibility of a Window Library made with one set of Window Types would become corrupted (the wrong Window Types assigned) if the database records were imported into a another database with the different Window Type list. To solve this problem, we have added a database "migration" with this version of WINDOW -- when it opens any older database, it will update the Window Types list to have the choices (and IDs) shown below and then it will also update all the Window Library records to map to the new Window Types based on what the records were set to originally.

297

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- CGDB  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Overview The LBNL WINDOW and THERM simulation programs (versions 6 and higher) have the capability to model "complex glazing systems" which include woven shades, venetian blinds, fritted glass, and other systems that can be characterized by BSDF (Bi-Directional Scattering Distribution Function) files. To support the modeling of these complex systems, it is necessary to characterize the optical and thermal properties of the materials and the systems being modeled. The Complex Glazing Database (CGDB) contains the data needed to model various manufacturers' systems. LBNL is still developing the measuring and submittal procedures so that manufacturers can submit measured data for review and inclusion in future CGDB releases. When these procedures are complete, it is hoped that manufacturers will measure and submit data for their products to LBNL for inclusion in the CGDB. In a similar process to the IGDB (International Glazing Database) it is envisioned that the CGDB will be released multiple times per year as new materials and systems are measured and added to the database.

298

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Release Notes Release Notes Updated: 11/07/11 History of COMFEN 3.1 Releases New Features Glazed Wall Assembly In addition to modeling individual windows, COMFEN now has the capability of modeling "Glazed Wall Assemblies" which allow you to specify the number of horizontal and vertical framing members, as well as their spacing, and the program automatically generates the facade. Click here for more details. Material Library COMFEN now has a Material Library, which can be used in the Wall Construction and Spandrel Libraries. See the User Manual for more details. Wall Library COMFEN now has a Wall Library which can be used to build up layers from the Material Library to define a wall. See the User Manual for more details. Spandrel Library COMFEN now has a Spandrel Library which can be used to build up layers from the Material Library to define a spandrel, including glass and glazing systems as the outer-most layers. See the User Manual for more details.

299

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- RESFEN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS GET A COPY DOCUMENTATION KNOWLEDGE BASE Overview Today's energy-efficient windows can dramatically lower the heating and cooling costs associated with windows while increasing occupant comfort and minimizing window surface condensation problems. However, consumers are often confused about how to pick the most efficient window for a residence. Product information typically offers window properties: U-factors or R-values, Solar Heat Gain Coefficients or Shading Coefficients, and air leakage rates. However, the relative importance of these properties depends on site- and building-specific conditions. Furthermore, these properties are based on static evaluation conditions that are very different from the real situation a window will be used in.

300

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WINDOW WINDOW NFRC Certification Version Release Version Beta Version WINDOW 6.3 (For NFRC Certification and modeling Complex Glazing Systems) WINDOW 7.1 For modeling vacuum glazing, deflected glass, vertical venetian blinds and perforated screens WINDOW 7.2 For modeling Cellular Shades, in addition to vacuum glazing, deflected glass, vertical venetian blinds and perforated screens Download WINDOW 6.3 (for NFRC Certification and complex glazing systems) Download WINDOW 7.1 Download WINDOW 7.2 Knowledge Base (Check here first if you are experiencing a problem with the software) Knowledge Base (Check here first if you are experiencing a problem with the software) Knowledge Base (Check here first if you are experiencing a problem with the software) New Features

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Specular Glazing Systems Specular Glazing Systems NFRC THERM 6.3 / WINDOW 6.3 Simulation Manual July 2013: bullet Entire Manual in PDF Format approximate 8 MB Comparison of WINDOW 5 / THERM 5 and WINDOW 6 / THERM 6 Results for Specular Glazing Systems (PDF Format) NFRC WINDOW 6 / THERM 6 Training for Specular Systems (Power Point Presentation, Oct/Nov 2010) Tutorials Complex Glazing Systems bullet WINDOW 6.2 / THERM 6.2 Research Version User Manual (Documents features in WINDOW6 and THERM 6 for modeling complex glazing systems) bullet WINDOW 6.2 / THERM 6.2 Simulation Manual Chapter for Complex Glazing (Draft) This was used for NFRC Simulator training in June 2009, and includes detailed descriptions for modeling venetian blinds between glass and frits. bullet Complex Glazing Summary -- PDF File

302

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- THERM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

THERM 5.2 (older version) THERM 5.2 (older version) Download New Features Knowledge Base (Check here first if you are experiencing a problem with the software) Documentation Two-Dimensional Building Heat-Transfer Modeling THERM is a state-of-the-art, Microsoft Windows™-based computer program developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) for use by building component manufacturers, engineers, educators, students, architects, and others interested in heat transfer. Using THERM, you can model two-dimensional heat-transfer effects in building components such as windows, walls, foundations, roofs, and doors; appliances; and other products where thermal bridges are of concern. THERM's heat-transfer analysis allows you to evaluate a product’s energy efficiency and local temperature patterns, which may relate directly to problems with

303

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optics 6.0 Optics 6.0 (6.0 -- February 13, 2012) Release Notes Updated: 07/16/12 Program Changes Microsoft Windows 7 / Vista Operating System"Aware" Optics now installs and operates much better under the Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista operating systems. It is no longer necessary to run the "VistaFix" batch file after installing the program. Fixed Bugs If you find bugs, or if you think these have not been fixed, please do not hesitate to send an email to OpticsHelp@lbl.gov to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. Paths Appear in Tools/Options In the Microsoft Windows 7 / Vista Operating System environments, the program would not display the directory paths in the Tools / Options "File Locations" dialog box. This is now fixed.

304

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacuum Glazing Modeling Vacuum Glazing Modeling It is now possible to model vacuum glazing in WINDOW 7. The first step is to define a new vacuum "gap" in the "Gap Library" (formerly the Gas Library). Then that vacuum gap is used in a glazing system to calculate the thermal characteristics of the glazing system with a vacuum gap. Gap Library The Gas Library has been renamed the Gap Library. To define a vacuum gap, check the "Vacuum" checkbox (this is only available for single gases, not gas mixtures). When this box is checked, new input variables will appear, including the vacuum pressure, the specific heat ratio and molecular weight of the vacuum gas. It is also necessary to define a pillar system for the vacuum gap. Pillar Definition Double click the double arrow to the right of the Pillar Definition pulldown to define a new pillar system. Define the shape and dimensions of the pillar system.

305

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. Energy Plus Weather Files Because this version of COMFEN uses Energy Plus 7.2, the new format...

306

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pledge? Conversation on the Future of the Wind Industry Science Lecture: Talking the Higgs Boson with Dr. Joseph Incandela Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the...

307

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

associated with the layer, depending on how many states were measured and submitted to LBNL by the manufacturer. For example, the example Thermochromic layer shown below shows the...

308

AEDG Implementation Recommendations: Daylighting Good Design...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

90.1-1999 Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations Target Audience: ArchitectDesigner Builder Contractor Engineer State: All States Contacts Web Site Policies...

309

Windows and daylighting: A brighter outlook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is an overview of energy efficient window glazing and framing technology. The topics of the report include: windows and energy use, a point of view; a challenging federal opportunity; DOE window research; advanced optical technologies such as spectrally selective glazing, switchable glazing, super windows with low-emissivity coatings and noble gas fills; and performance evaluation and design tools.

Not Available

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Fall Back Daylight Savings time is November  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and apartments. Over 1,000 compact florescent light bulbs (CFL's) will be handed out along with information Sustainability Volume 2, Issue 1 October 2008 Change a Light Campaign On October 22nd, the change a light Manager, were on hand to oversee the distribution of bulbs to resident assistants from the quads

Linsley, Braddock K.

311

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peforated Screen Shading Systems It is now possible to define exterior Perforated Screen shading systems in the Shading System Library and then add them to a glazing system in the...

312

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Solar PV Sec. Chu Online Town Hall Energy 101: Cool Roofs Energy 101: Geothermal Heat Pumps Why Cool Roofs? Chu at COP-16: Building a Sustainable Energy Future...

313

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

all the Window Records in a database opened in this new version. Click here for a zip file (called W6mdb.zip) that contains a W6.mdb file for WINDOW 6.3.74 that has the...

314

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recovery Act Transforming the American Economy Through Innovation Linac Coherent Light Source Overview Matt Rogers on AES Energy Storage Energy 101: Concentrating Solar Power...

315

Energy 101: Daylighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lighting and temperature regulation-is one building strategy that can save money for homeowners and businesses. Highly efficient, strategically placed windows maximize the use of...

316

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 (7.1.73 -- August 30, 2013) Release Notes Updated: 083013 If you find bugs, or have comments about this version, please do not hesitate to send an email to WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov...

317

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

directories. Gas Library Import Fixed a display problem that would occur when importing a Gas Library record from another WINDOW 7 database. Window Library Export Fixed problem...

318

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Daylight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools by Country Australia Austria Belarus Belgium Brazil Canada Chile China Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany India Ireland Israel Italy Japan Netherlands New Zealand...

319

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW tutorials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Movie) bullet Creating a Window with a Generic Frame in WINDOW 6 or 7 (QuickTime Movie) Advanced Tutorials: bullet Database structure for Shading Systems in WINDOW7 (QuickTime)...

320

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- Download Registration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Download Registration Before you can download software from this website you need to login. If you don't have an account, you need to Create an account first. This registration...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- RESFEN: System Requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS OPERATING SYSTEM Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows NT CPU TYPE Pentium (a 133 MHz pentium will take about 40 seconds to perform a...

322

AEDG Implementation Recommendations: Daylighting Window Design...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Design The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on...

323

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Documentation (all versions) WINDOW 5.0 : bullet WINDOW 5.0 User Manual (3 MB, Adobe PDF format) bullet NFRC THERM 5.2 WINDOW 5.2 Simulation Manual (July 2006) (13 MB, Adobe PDF...

324

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 7.2.8 (September 30, 2013) Program Changes TARCOG DLL Changes The TARCOG.DLL file,...

325

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- RESFEN: System Requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS OPERATING SYSTEM Program has been tested on Microsoft Windows 7, Windows XP, Windows 2000TM.. Older version of Microsoft Windows might work, but are not...

326

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW: NFRC info  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5.2 (5.2.17): July 2003 Download WINDOW 5.2.17 (Glass Library has IGDB version 14.0) Download THERM 5.2.14 This version of WINDOW 5.2 is approved by NFRC for use with the new NFRC...

327

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- THERM: System Requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS OPERATING SYSTEM Program has been tested on Microsoft Windows XP, Windows 2000TM.. Older version of Microsoft Windows might work, but are not supported. (The...

328

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW: System Requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REQUIREMENTS OPERATING SYSTEM Program has been tested on Microsoft Vista, Microsoft Windows 7, Microsoft Windows XP, Windows 2000TM.. It has been reported by users that the...

329

Times are in Mountain Daylight Savings Time  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AM 10:15 AM Westinghouse led FOA Xu 10:15 AM 10:30 AM Coffee Break 10:30 AM 10:50 AM EPRI research on Mo-based Accident Tolerant Fuels Cheng 10:50 AM 11:10 AM Ceramic coatings...

330

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cellular / Honeycomb Shades Cellular / Honeycomb Shades Updated 09/30/2013 It is now possible to model cellular / honeycomb shading systems in the Shading System Library and then add them to a glazing system in the Glazing System Library. NOTE: Before attempting to calculate a glazing system with a cellular shade, you must make the following change to the THERM7.ini file, which is located in C:\Users\Public\LBNL\Settings. Close WINDOW7 before making this change. DocPath=C:\Users\Public\LBNL\WINDOW7\debug Shading Layer Library A cellular / honeycomb shade can now be defined in the Shading Layer Library. Defining this type of shading system requires an XML file which contains information about the cell geometry and the material thermal and optical properties. WINDOW can model two different types of cellular shades:

331

Times are in Mountain Daylight Savings Time  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Update on FY 12 NEET projects Update on FY 12 NEET projects Lead 8:00 AM 8:15 AM Welcome and Webinar Rules Maloy 8:15 AM 8:20 AM NEET Introduction Lesica 8:20 AM 8:40 AM Radiation tolerance and mechanical properties of advanced ceramic/metal composites Nastasi 8:40 AM 9:00 AM Accelerated Development of Zr-Containing New Generation FM Steels for Advanced Nuclear Reactors Tan 9:00 AM 9:20 AM Nanocrystalline SiC and Ti3SiC2 Alloys for Reactor Materials Henager 9:20 AM 9:40 AM Study of Intermetallic Nanostructures for Light-Water Reactor Materials Jensen 9:40 AM 10:00 AM Nanoscale Stable Precipitation-Strengthened Steels for Nuclear Reactor Applications Clarke 10:00 AM 10:15 AM Coffee Break 10:15 AM 10:35 AM Nanostructured Fe-Cr Alloys for Advanced Nuclear Energy Application Scattergood 10:35 AM 10:55 AM SiC-SiC Composite for Fuel Structure Applications

332

A Bayesian approach to chiral extrapolations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The determination of low-energy constants from data is an important component of most effective field theory programs, including that of chiral perturbation theory. We propose a novel method based on Bayesian probability theory which allows us to address several shortcomings of the standard approach to parameter extraction. Using a toy-model we argue that the Bayesian approach is ideally suited for the application in effective field theories. We also discuss the application to lattice QCD data.

Matthias R. Schindler; Daniel R. Phillips

2009-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

333

DOE Qualifying Official Training Approaches | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Office FTCP FAQS Qualifying Officials list DOE Qualifying Official Approach Matrix Additional Information FTCP History FTCP Members FTCP Plans & Reports FTCP Guiding...

334

Computers for Lattice Field Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallel computers dedicated to lattice field theories are reviewed with emphasis on the three recent projects, the Teraflops project in the US, the CP-PACS project in Japan and the 0.5-Teraflops project in the US. Some new commercial parallel computers are also discussed. Recent development of semiconductor technologies is briefly surveyed in relation to possible approaches toward Teraflops computers.

Y. Iwasaki

1994-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

335

Quantum field theories on the Lefschetz thimble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In these proceedings, we summarize the Lefschetz thimble approach to the sign problem of Quantum Field Theories. In particular, we review its motivations, and we summarize the results of the application of two different algorithms to two test models.

M. Cristoforetti; F. Di Renzo; A. Mukherjee; L. Scorzato

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

336

Fluidic electrodynamics: Approach to electromagnetic propulsion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on a new methodological approach to electrodynamics based on a fluidic viewpoint. We develop a systematic approach establishing analogies between physical magnitudes and isomorphism (structure-preserving mappings) between systems of equations. This methodological approach allows us to give a general expression for the hydromotive force, thus re-obtaining the Navier-Stokes equation departing from the appropriate electromotive force. From this ground we offer a fluidic approach to different kinds of issues with interest in propulsion, e.g., the force exerted by a charged particle on a body carrying current; the magnetic force between two parallel currents; the Magnus's force. It is shown how the intermingle between the fluid vector fields and electromagnetic fields leads to new insights on their dynamics. The new concepts introduced in this work suggest possible applications to electromagnetic (EM) propulsion devices and the mastery of the principles of producing electric fields of required configuration in plasma medium.

Martins, Alexandre A.; Pinheiro, Mario J. [Institute for Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion and Instituto Superior Tecnico Lisboa, Portugal 351.1.21.841.92.43 (Portugal); Department of Physics and Institute for Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion and Instituto Superior Tecnico Lisboa, Portugal 351.1.21.841.93.22 (Portugal)

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

337

Phase-field Simulation of Solidification Microstructure Evolution in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Phase Field Finite Element Approach to Simulate Shape Memory Actuators .... Two-dimensional Numerical Study on the Growth of Sea Ice Crystals with ...

338

Phase Field Simulations of Brittle Fracture in Composites with ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A phase field model is used to study crack propagation in such materials. ... A Comparison of Coulombic and Plastic Shear Faults in Ice · A General Approach to ...

339

Melatonin secretion and puberty in female lambs exposed to environmental electric and magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect

This study determined whether chronic exposure of female lambs to the electric and magnetic fields (EMF) of a high voltage transmission line can alter pineal secretion of melatonin and the normal occurrence of puberty. Twenty female Suffolk lambs were assigned randomly in equal numbers to a control and a treatment group. Treatment from 2 to 10 mo of age consisted of continuous exposure within the electrical environment of a 500-kV transmission line (mean electric field 6 kV/m, mean magnetic field 40 mG). Treated lambs were penned directly beneath the transmission line; control lambs were maintained in a pen of similar construction 229 m from the line where EMF were at ambient levels (mean electric field < 10 V/m, mean magnetic field < 0.3 mG). Melatonin was analyzed by RIA in serum of blood samples collected at 0.5-3-h intervals over eight 48-h periods. To assess attainment of puberty, serum concentrations of progesterone were determined by RIA from blood samples collected twice weekly beginning at 19 wk of age. Concentrations of circulating melatonin in control and treated lambs were low during daylight hours and increased during nighttime hours. The characteristic pattern of melatonin secretion during nighttime (amplitude, phase, and duration) did not differ between control and treatment groups. Age at puberty and number of subsequent estrous cycles also did not differ between groups. These data suggest that chronic exposure of developing female sheep to 60-Hz environmental EMF does not affect the mechanisms underlying the generation of the circadian pattern of melatonin secretion or the mechanisms involved in the onset of reproductive activity.

Lee, J.M. Jr.; Stormshak, F.; Thompson, J.M.; Thinesen, P.; Painter, L.J.; Olenchek, E.G.; Hess, D.L.; Forbes, R.; Foster, D.L. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (United States))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Dynamic field theory and embodied communication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamical Field Theory is a neurally based approach to embodied and situated cognition, in which information is represented in continuous activation fields defined over metric spaces. The temporal evolution of activation patterns under the influence ... Keywords: embodied cognition, modelling, neural dynamics, turn taking

Yulia Sandamirskaya; Gregor Schöner

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Visually Accurate Multi-Field Weather Visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather visualization is a difficult problem because it comprises volumetric multi-field data and traditional surface-based approaches obscure details of the complex three-dimensional structure of cloud dynamics. Therefore, visually accurate volumetric ... Keywords: Multi-Field Visualization, Visually Accurate Visualization, Weather Visualization

Kirk Riley; David Ebert; Charles Hansen; Jason Levit

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Discriminative sentence compression with conditional random fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper focuses on a particular approach to automatic sentence compression which makes use of a discriminative sequence classifier known as Conditional Random Fields (CRF). We devise several features for CRF that allow it to incorporate information ... Keywords: Conditional random fields, Machine learning, Natural language syntax, RSS, Sentence compression, Sequence alignment

Tadashi Nomoto

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Colorimetric and spectroradiometric characteristics of narrow-field-of-view  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the sky dome, we used a LI-COR model LI-1800 spectroradiometer that we coupled via fiber-optic cable) are close to but do not coincide with the CIE daylight locus, (2) form V-shaped meridional chromaticity for accurate clear-sky colorimetry, whereas six are needed for spectral analyses. © 2001 Optical Society

Lee Jr., Raymond L.

344

DOE Qualifying Official Training Approaches | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Assistance » Federal Technical Capability Program » Services » Assistance » Federal Technical Capability Program » DOE Qualifying Official Training Approaches DOE Qualifying Official Training Approaches Qualifying Official Training Approaches Idaho Operations Office Livermore Field Office Nevada Field Office NNSA Production Office NNSA Service Center Office of Science, SC-3 Office of Science, Chicago Office of Science, Oak Ridge Savannah River Operations Office Sandia Field Office FTCP FAQS Qualifying Officials list DOE Qualifying Official Approach Matrix Additional Information FTCP History FTCP Members FTCP Plans & Reports FTCP Guiding Documents FTCP Issue Papers FTCP Site Specific Information Workforce Analysis and Staffing Enforcement Guidance Oversight Reporting Security Classification Nuclear Safety Assistance

345

Standoff Target Tracking using a Vector Field for Multiple Unmanned Aircrafts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents strategies for standoff target tracking by a team of unmanned aircrafts using vector field. Many methods to the vector field approach were investigated in other papers, but a modified vector field is introduced to obtain new interesting ... Keywords: Cooperative control, Target tracking, UAV, Vector field, Vector field control, Vector field guidance

Seunghan Lim; Yeongju Kim; Dongjin Lee; Hyochoong Bang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Suppressant: Electric Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Suppressant:Electric Fields. Fire Extinguishment of Pool Flames by Means of a DC electric Field.. ...

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

347

A Markov Random Field Approach for Microstructure Synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data Topology as a Framework for Materials Discovery and Material Mimetic ... Leveraging Data Science to Enable Multiscale Materials Modeling and Design.

348

Internal split field generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A generator includes a coil of conductive material. A stationary magnetic field source applies a stationary magnetic field to the coil. An internal magnetic field source is disposed within a cavity of the coil to apply a moving magnetic field to the coil. The stationary magnetic field interacts with the moving magnetic field to generate an electrical energy in the coil.

Thundat; ,Thomas George (Knoxville, TN); Van Neste, Charles W. (Kingston, TN); Vass, Arpad Alexander (Oak Ridge, TN)

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

349

Interactive Selection of Optimal Fenestration Materials for Schematic Architectural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design, Daylighting simulation, Shadow volumes, Complex Fenestration Systems (CFS). Corresponding author advanced approaches include the diffuse sky component (daylight) in Fig. 1. The depth of direct beam light: · An interactive global illumination system for natural daylighting that is appropriate to the models used

Salama, Khaled

350

California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design, Daylighting simulation, Shadow volumes, Complex Fenestration Systems (CFS). Corresponding author advanced approaches include the diffuse sky component (daylight) in Fig. 1. The depth of direct beam light: · An interactive global illumination system for natural daylighting that is appropriate to the models used

351

The gravitational field energy density for symmetrical and asymmetrical systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relativistic theory of gravitation has the considerable difficulties by description of the gravitational field energy. Pseudotensor t00 in the some cases cannot be interpreted as energy density of the gravitational field. In [1] the approach was proposed, which allow to express the energy density of such a field through the components of a metric tensor. This approach based on the consideration of the isothermal compression of the layer consisted of the incoherent matter. It was employ to the cylindrically and spherically symmetrical static gravitational field. In presented paper the approach is developed.

Roald Sosnovskiy

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

352

ENTO 489 Field Entomology Field Project Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENTO 489 ­ Field Entomology Field Project Plan GENERAL Title: A Taxonomic Survey of Late Summer will be using aerial sweep nets as our only technique to collect the butterflies because this is the best way: · Materials needed to implement the project in the field include: o 2 aerial sweep nets o 2-4 killing jars set

Behmer, Spencer T.

353

External split field generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A generator includes a coil disposed about a core. A first stationary magnetic field source may be disposed on a first end portion of the core and a second stationary magnetic field source may be disposed on a second end portion of core. The first and second stationary magnetic field sources apply a stationary magnetic field to the coil. An external magnetic field source may be disposed outside the coil to apply a moving magnetic field to the coil. Electrical energy is generated in response to an interaction between the coil, the moving magnetic field, and the stationary magnetic field.

Thundat, Thomas George (Knoxville, TN); Van Neste, Charles W. (Kingston, TN); Vass, Arpad Alexander (Oak Ridge, TN)

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

354

Imaging vector fields using Line Integral Convolution  

SciTech Connect

Imaging vector fields has applications in science, art, image processing and special effects. An effective new approach is to use linear and curvilinear filtering techniques to locally blur textures along a vector field. This approach builds on several previous texture generation and filtering techniques. It is, however, unique because it is local, one-dimensional and independent of any predefined geometry or texture. The technique is general and capable of imaging arbitrary two- and three-dimensional vector fields. The local one-dimensional nature of the algorithm lends itself to highly parallel and efficient implementations. Furthermore, the curvilinear filter is capable of rendering detail on very intricate vector fields. Combining this technique with other rendering and image processing techniques -- like periodic motion filtering -- results in richly informative and striking images. The technique can also produce novel special effects.

Cabral, B.; Leedom, L.C.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Prequantum Classical Statistical Field Theory: Fundamentals  

SciTech Connect

We present fundamentals of a prequantum model with hidden variables of the classical field type. In some sense this is the comeback of classical wave mechanics. Our approach also can be considered as incorporation of quantum mechanics into classical signal theory. All quantum averages (including correlations of entangled systems) can be represented as classical signal averages and correlations.

Khrennikov, Andrei [International Center for Mathematical Modelling in Physics and Cognitive Sciences, Linnaeus University, Vaexjoe, S-35195 (Sweden)

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

356

Virtual Enterprise Modeling and Support Infrastructures: Applying Multi-agent System Approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual enterprises paradigm represents an important application field for multi-agent approaches, both in terms of modeling and infrastructure development This article summarizes the main challenges in this field and describes several current Multi-Agent ...

Luis M. Camarinha-Matos; Hamideh Afsarmanesh

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Shape Dynamics and Effective Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shape Dynamics is a gauge theory based on spatial diffeomorphism- and Weyl-invariance which is locally indistinguishable form classical General Relativity. If taken seriously, it suggests that the spacetime--geometry picture that underlies General Relativity can be replaced by a picture based on spatial conformal geometry. This classically well understood trading of gauge symmetries opens new conceptual avenues in many approaches to quantum gravity. I focus on the general implications for quantum gravity and effective field theory and consider the application of the Shape Dynamics picture in the exact renormalization group approaches to gravity, loop- and polymer- quantization approaches to gravity and low energy effective field theories. I also discuss the interpretation of known results through in the Shape Dynamics picture, in particular holographic renormalization and the problem of time in canonical quantum gravity.

Tim Koslowski

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

358

Analysis of Heart Diseases Dataset using Neural Network Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the important techniques of Data mining is Classification. Many real world problems in various fields such as business, science, industry and medicine can be solved by using classification approach. Neural Networks have emerged as an important tool for classification. The advantages of Neural Networks helps for efficient classification of given data. In this study a Heart diseases dataset is analyzed using Neural Network approach. To increase the efficiency of the classification process parallel approach is also adopted in the training phase.

Rani, K Usha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

On “Field Significance” and the False Discovery Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conventional approach to evaluating the joint statistical significance of multiple hypothesis tests (i.e., “field,” or “global,” significance) in meteorology and climatology is to count the number of individual (or “local”) tests yielding ...

D. S. Wilks

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

[MRO] Hand-held Schlieren Photography with Light Field probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new approach to capturing refraction in transparent media, which we call Light Field Background Oriented Schlieren Photography (LFBOS). By optically coding the locations and directions of light rays emerging ...

Wetzstein, Gordon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Quantum gravity as a group field theory: a sketch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a very brief introduction to the group field theory approach to quantum gravity, a generalisation of matrix models for 2-dimensional quantum gravity to higher dimension, that has emerged recently from research in spin foam models.

Daniele Oriti

2005-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

362

BUFFERED WELL FIELD OUTLINES  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

OIL & GAS FIELD OUTLINES FROM BUFFERED WELLS The VBA Code below builds oil & gas field boundary outlines (polygons) from buffered wells (points). Input well points layer must be a...

363

Far field acceleration  

SciTech Connect

Far fields are propagating electromagnetic waves far from their source, boundary surfaces, and free charges. The general principles governing the acceleration of charged particles by far fields are reviewed. A survey of proposed field configurations is given. The two most important schemes, Inverse Cerenkov acceleration and Inverse free electron laser acceleration, are discussed in detail.

Fernow, R.C.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Test Functions Space in Noncommutative Quantum Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is proven that the $\\star$-product of field operators implies that the space of test functions in the Wightman approach to noncommutative quantum field theory is one of the Gel'fand-Shilov spaces $S^{\\beta}$ with $\\beta test functions smears the noncommutative Wightman functions, which are in this case generalized distributions, sometimes called hyperfunctions. The existence and determination of the class of the test function spaces in NC QFT is important for any rigorous treatment in the Wightman approach.

M. Chaichian; M. Mnatsakanova; A. Tureanu; Yu. Vernov

2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

365

ClassSTRONG: Classical simulations of Strong Field processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A set of Mathematica functions is presented to model classically two of the most important processes in strong field physics, namely high-order harmonic generation (HHG) and above-threshold ionization (ATI). Our approach is based on the numerical solution of the Newton-Lorentz equation of an electron moving on an electric field and takes advantage of the symbolic languages features and graphical power of Mathematica. Similarly as in the Strong Field Approximation (SFA), the effects of atomic potential on the motion of electron in the laser field are neglected. The SFA has proven to be an essential tool in strong field physics in the sense that it is able to predict with great precision the harmonic (in the HHG) and energy (in the ATI) limits. We have extended substantially the conventional classical simulations, where the electric field is only dependent on time, including spatial nonhomogeneous fields and spatial and temporal synthesized fields. Spatial nonhomogeneous fields appear when metal nanosystems int...

Ciappina, M F; Lewenstein, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Magnetic field generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic field generating device provides a useful magnetic field within a specific retgion, while keeping nearby surrounding regions virtually field free. By placing an appropriate current density along a flux line of the source, the stray field effects of the generator may be contained. One current carrying structure may support a truncated cosine distribution, and it may be surrounded by a current structure which follows a flux line that would occur in a full coaxial double cosine distribution. Strong magnetic fields may be generated and contained using superconducting cables to approximate required current surfaces.

Krienin, Frank (Shoreham, NY)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

MARKET BASED APPROACHES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BASED BASED APPROACHES K.G. DULEEP MANAGING DIRECTOR EEA BACKGROUND * Introduction of fuel-cell vehicles and jump- starting the market will require significant government actions in the near term * Widespread understanding that command- and-control regulations can work for only very low sales volume. * Increased public sales and acceptance will need development of market based policies. ANALYSIS OBJECTIVES * EEA currently evaluating a number of market based approaches to enhancing fuel economy of conventional and hybrid vehicles. * Primary objective of effort is to evaluate a range of market based approaches that can be implemented when FCV models are market ready, and identify ones that could make a difference. * Effort is in the context of modifying existing approaches to special needs of FCVs

368

Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Approaches to Safe Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology Managing the Health and Safety Concerns Associated with Engineered Nanomaterials DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Photo Credits: Nanotrees, Ghim Wei Ho and Professor Mark Welland, Nanostructure Center, University of Cambridge Managing the Health and Safety Concerns Associated with Engineered Nanomaterials DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology ii Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology This document is in the public domain and may be freely copied or reprinted. Disclaimer Mention of any company or product does not constitute endorsement by the National In-

369

BUFFERED WELL FIELD OUTLINES  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

OIL & GAS FIELD OUTLINES FROM BUFFERED WELLS OIL & GAS FIELD OUTLINES FROM BUFFERED WELLS The VBA Code below builds oil & gas field boundary outlines (polygons) from buffered wells (points). Input well points layer must be a feature class (FC) with the following attributes: Field_name Buffer distance (can be unique for each well to represent reservoirs with different drainage radii) ...see figure below. Copy the code into a new module. Inputs: In ArcMap, data frame named "Task 1" Well FC as first layer (layer 0). Output: Polygon feature class in same GDB as the well points FC, with one polygon field record (may be multiple polygon rings) per field_name. Overlapping buffers for the same field name are dissolved and unioned (see figure below). Adds an attribute PCTFEDLAND which can be populated using the VBA

370

Thermal Monitoring Approaches for Energy Savings Verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews and summarizes techniques for monitoring thermal energy flows for the purpose of verifying energy savings in industrial and large institutional energy conservation projects. Approaches for monitoring hot and chilled water, steam, steam condensate and boiler feedwater in large facilities are described. Insights gained and lessons learned through the actual in-field installation of thermal monitoring equipment for energy savings verification purposes at over 100 sites at various locations throughout the United States are presented.

McBride, J. R.; Bohmer, C. J.; Lippman, R. H.; Zern, M. J.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

A Casimir approach to dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the gravitational self-energy of vacuum quantum field fluctuations using a Casimir approach. We find that the Casimir gravitational self-energy density can account for the measured dark energy density when the SUSY-breaking energy is approximately 5 TeV, in good agreement with current estimates. Furthermore, the Casimir gravitational self-energy appears to provide a quantum mechanism for the well-know geometric relation between the Planck, SUSY and cosmological constant energy scales.

Allan Rosencwaig

2006-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

372

Duality Invariance: From M-theory to Double Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how the duality invariant approach to M-theory formulated by Berman and Perry relates to the double field theory proposed by Hull and Zwiebach. In doing so we provide suggestions as to how Ramond fields can be incorporated into the double field theory. We find that the standard dimensional reduction procedure has a duality invariant (doubled) analogue in which the gauge fields of the doubled Kaluza-Klein ansatz encode the Ramond potentials. We identify the internal gauge index of these gauge fields with a spinorial index of O(d,d).

Daniel C. Thompson

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

373

Field emission electron source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel field emitter material, field emission electron source, and commercially feasible fabrication method is described. The inventive field emission electron source produces reliable electron currents of up to 400 mA/cm.sup.2 at 200 volts. The emitter is robust and the current it produces is not sensitive to variability of vacuum or the distance between the emitter tip and the cathode. The novel emitter has a sharp turn-on near 100 volts.

Zettl, Alexander Karlwalter (Kensington, CA); Cohen, Marvin Lou (Berkeley, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Abandoned Texas oil fields  

SciTech Connect

Data for Texas abandoned oil fields were primarily derived from two sources: (1) Texas Railroad Commission (TRRC), and (2) Dwight's ENERGYDATA. For purposes of this report, abandoned oil fields are defined as those fields that had no production during 1977. The TRRC OILMASTER computer tapes were used to identify these abandoned oil fields. The tapes also provided data on formation depth, gravity of oil production, location (both district and county), discovery date, and the cumulative production of the field since its discovery. In all, the computer tapes identified 9211 abandoned fields, most of which had less than 250,000 barrel cumulative production. This report focuses on the 676 abandoned onshore Texas oil fields that had cumulative production of over 250,000 barrels. The Dwight's ENERGYDATA computer tapes provided production histories for approximately two-thirds of the larger fields abandoned in 1966 and thereafter. Fields which ceased production prior to 1966 will show no production history nor abandonment date in this report. The Department of Energy hopes the general availability of these data will catalyze the private sector recovery of this unproduced resource.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING Convincing proof of energy savings and performance in a specific building and occupant context If direct proof of savings is desired, the only feasible...

376

Outdoor science field trips.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to assess the cognitive and affective values of an outdoor science field trip. Participants were 28 fifth grade students,… (more)

Loyd, Kerrie Anne Therese

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Electromagnetic Lorenz Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gauge transformations are potential transformations that leave only specific Maxwell fields invariant. To reveal more, I develop Lorenz field equations with full Maxwell form for nongauge, sans gauge function, transformations yielding mixed, superposed retarded and outgoing, potentials. The form invariant Lorenz condition is then a charge conservation equivalent. This allows me to define three transformation classes that screen for Lorenz relevance. The nongauge Lorentz conditions add polarization fields which support emergent, light-like rays that convey energy on charge conserving phase points. These localized rays escape discovery in modern Maxwell fields where the polarizations are suppressed by gauge transformations.

H. C. Potter

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

378

ARM - Field Campaign - Diffuse Shortwave IOP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsDiffuse Shortwave IOP govCampaignsDiffuse Shortwave IOP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Diffuse Shortwave IOP 2001.09.24 - 2001.10.22 Lead Scientist : Joseph Michalsky Data Availability Data will not be available for public viewing until April 8, 2002. All data will be archived at the diffuse IOP web site by that date. For data sets, see below. Summary Almost 4 weeks of data were acquired under mostly sunny skies. Ninety-two percent of the daylight hours had measureable direct beam radiation. Much of the sunny data included completely cloud free conditions. The trackers functioned perfectly. Clear-sky data included low to moderate aerosol cases with no high aerosol conditions sampled. Data recovery from the

379

An improved MRF-based change detection approach for multitemporal remote sensing imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the task of multitemporal remote sensing image change detection, conventional Markov random field (MRF) based approaches consider contextual information between neighboring pixels to obtain the change map. However, these approaches often get erroneous ... Keywords: Adaptive weight, Change detection, Difference image, Line process, Markov random field (MRF)

Yin Chen; Zhiguo Cao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

The Kurtosis of the Cosmic Shear Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the fourth-order moment of the cosmic shear field using the dark matter halo approach to describe the nonlinear gravitational evolution of structure in the universe. Since the third-order moment of the shear field vanishes because of symmetry, non-Gaussian signatures in its one-point statistics emerge at the fourth-order level. We argue that the shear kurtosis parameter S_4 = /^3 may be more directly applicable to realistic data than the well-studied higher-order statistics of the convergence field, since obtaining the convergence requires a non-local reconstruction from the measured shear field. We compare our halo model predictions for the variance, skewness and kurtosis of lensing fields with ray-tracing simulations of cold dark matter models and find good agreement. The shear kurtosis calculation is made tractable by developing approximations for fast and accurate evaluations of the 8-dimensional integrals needed to obtain the kurtosis. We show that on small scales it is dominated by correlations within halos more massive than 10^14 solar masses. The shear kurtosis is sensitive to the mass density parameter of the universe, Omega, and has relatively weak dependences on other parameters. The approximations we develop for the third- and fourth-order moments allow for accurate halo model predictions for the 3-dimensional mass distribution as well. We demonstrate their accuracy in the small scale regime, below 2 Mpc, where analytical approaches used in the literature so far cease to be accurate.

Masahiro Takada; Bhuvnesh Jain

2002-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Diamond fiber field emitters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A field emission electron emitter comprising an electrode formed of at least one diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon composite fiber, said composite fiber having a non-diamond core and a diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon coating on said non-diamond core, and electronic devices employing such a field emission electron emitter.

Blanchet-Fincher, Graciela B. (Wilmington, DE); Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Devlin, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Eaton, David F. (Wilmington, DE); Silzars, Aris K. (Landenburg, PA); Valone, Steven M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Geometrically consistent approach to stochastic DBI inflation  

SciTech Connect

Stochastic effects during inflation can be addressed by averaging the quantum inflaton field over Hubble-patch-sized domains. The averaged field then obeys a Langevin-type equation into which short-scale fluctuations enter as a noise term. We solve the Langevin equation for an inflaton field with a Dirac-Born-Infeld (DBI) kinetic term perturbatively in the noise and use the result to determine the field value's probability density function (PDF). In this calculation, both the shape of the potential and the warp factor are arbitrary functions, and the PDF is obtained with and without volume effects due to the finite size of the averaging domain. DBI kinetic terms typically arise in string-inspired inflationary scenarios in which the scalar field is associated with some distance within the (compact) extra dimensions. The inflaton's accessible range of field values therefore is limited because of the extra dimensions' finite size. We argue that in a consistent stochastic approach the inflaton's PDF must vanish for geometrically forbidden field values. We propose to implement these extra-dimensional spatial restrictions into the PDF by installing absorbing (or reflecting) walls at the respective boundaries in field space. As a toy model, we consider a DBI inflaton between two absorbing walls and use the method of images to determine its most general PDF. The resulting PDF is studied in detail for the example of a quartic warp factor and a chaotic inflaton potential. The presence of the walls is shown to affect the inflaton trajectory for a given set of parameters.

Lorenz, Larissa; Martin, Jerome; Yokoyama, Jun'ichi [Theoretical and Mathematical Physics Group, Centre for Particle Physics and Phenomenology, Louvain University, 2 Chemin du Cyclotron, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095-CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris (France); Research Center for the Early Universe, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8568 (Japan)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Abandoned oil fields in Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Data are presented for approximately 165 abandoned oil fields in Oklahoma that have produced 10,000 or more barrels of oil prior to abandonment. The following information is provided for each field: county; DOE field code; field name; AAPG geologic province code; discovery date of field; year of last production, if known; discovery well operator; proven acreage; formation thickness; depth of field; gravity of oil production; calendar year; yearly field oil production; yearly field gas production; cumulative oil production; cumulative gas production; number abandoned fields in county; cumulative production of oil from fields; and cumulative production of gas from fields. (ATT)

Chism, J.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Free Field Theory as a String Theory?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An approach to systematically implement open-closed string duality for free large $N$ gauge theories is summarised. We show how the relevant closed string moduli space emerges from a reorganisation of the Feynman diagrams contributing to free field correlators. We also indicate why the resulting integrand on moduli space has the right features to be that of a string theory on $AdS$.

Rajesh Gopakumar

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

385

A STUDY ON GEOTHERMAL RESERVOIR ENGlNEERING APPROACH COMBINED WITH GEOLOGICAL INFORMATIONS  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the combined approaches of reservoir geology and engineering to a geothermal field where geological characteristics are highly complex and heterogeneous.Especially,the concrete approaches are discussed for the case of geothermal reservoir performance studies with a developed numerical model, by showing example cases accompanied with reinjection of produced disposal hot water into underground in an object geothermal reservoir. This combined approach will be a great help in solving complicated problems encountered during the development of a geothermal field.

Hirakawa, S.; Yamaguchi, S.; Yoshinobu, F.

1985-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

386

THE GALACTIC MAGNETIC FIELD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With this Letter, we complete our model of the Galactic magnetic field (GMF), by using the WMAP7 22 GHz total synchrotron intensity map and our earlier results to obtain a 13-parameter model of the Galactic random field, and to determine the strength of the striated random field. In combination with our 22-parameter description of the regular GMF, we obtain a very good fit to more than 40,000 extragalactic Faraday rotation measures and the WMAP7 22 GHz polarized and total intensity synchrotron emission maps. The data call for a striated component to the random field whose orientation is aligned with the regular field, having zero mean and rms strength Almost-Equal-To 20% larger than the regular field. A noteworthy feature of the new model is that the regular field has a significant out-of-plane component, which had not been considered earlier. The new GMF model gives a much better description of the totality of data than previous models in the literature.

Jansson, Ronnie; Farrar, Glennys R. [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

387

Maximum likelihood blind image separation using nonsymmetrical half-plane Markov random fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a maximum likelihood approach for blindly separating linear instantaneous mixtures of images. The spatial autocorrelation within each image is described using non-symmetrical half-plane (NSHP) Markov random fields in order to simplify ... Keywords: blind source separation (BSS), maximum likelihood approach, nonstationary sources, nonsymmetrical half-plane (NSHP) Markov random fields

Rima Guidara; Shahram Hosseini; Yannick Deville

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Remnant field detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for qualitatively detecting remnant magnetic fields in matched pairs of magnet cores is described. Equal magnitude and oppositely oriented magnetic flux is induced in the magnet cores by oppositely wound primary windings and current source. Identically wound secondary windings generate output voltages in response to the induced flux. The output voltages generated should be of equal magnitude and opposite polarity if there is no remnant field in the cores. The output voltage will be unequal which is detected if either core has a remnant field. 1 fig.

Visser, A.T.

1986-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

389

Remnant field detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method apparatus for qualitatively detecting remnant magnetic fields in matched pairs of magnet cores. Equal magnitude and oppositely oriented magnetic flux is induced in the magnet cores by oppositely wound primary windings and current source. Identically wound secondary windings generate output voltages in response to the induced flux. The output voltages generated should be of equal magnitude and opposite polarity if there is no remnant field in the cores. The output voltages will be unequal which is detected if either core has a remnant field.

Visser, Age T. (Geneva, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Analysis Driven Field Testing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ANALYSIS DRIVEN FIELD TESTING ANALYSIS DRIVEN FIELD TESTING Greg Barker, MEP Paul Norton, NERD C.E. Hancock, MEP Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin, TX March 2, 2012 MODELING DRIVEN FIELD TESTING Greg Barker, MEP Paul Norton, NERD C.E. Hancock, MEP Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin, TX March 2, 2012 MODELING DRIVEN MEASUREMENTS Greg Barker, MEP Paul Norton, NERD C.E. Hancock, MEP Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin, TX March 2, 2012 Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin, TX March 2, 2012 "Modeling without measuring lacks credibility. Measuring without modeling lacks generality." Ed Hancock

391

The diesel approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Whether for standby or baseload capacity, diesel generator sets are being used in markets worldwide. Companies are taking a variety of approaches to tapping these markets. The markets for diesel generators follow two basic paths. In the US, they are used primarily for standby or peaking applications. Outside the US, the market includes standby applications but is more often for baseload or prime-power applications.

Anderson, J.L.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Motional Spin Relaxation in Large Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the precession of spin-polarized Ultra Cold Neutrons (UCN) and $^{3}$He atoms in uniform and static magnetic and electric fields and calculate the spin relaxation effects from motional $v\\times E$ magnetic fields. Particle motion in an electric field creates a motional $v\\times E$ magnetic field, which when combined with collisions, produces variations of the total magnetic field and results in spin relaxation of neutron and $^{3}$He samples. The spin relaxation times $T_{1}$ (longitudinal) and $T_{2}$ (transverse) of spin-polarized UCN and $^{3}$He atoms are important considerations in a new search for the neutron Electric Dipole Moment at the SNS \\emph{nEDM} experiment. We use a Monte Carlo approach to simulate the relaxation of spins due to the motional $v\\times E$ field for UCN and for $^{3}$He atoms at temperatures below $600,\\mathrm{mK}$. We find the relaxation times for the neutron due to the $v\\times E$ effect to be long compared to the neutron lifetime, while the $^{3}$He relaxation times may be important for the \\emph{nEDM} experiment.

Riccardo Schmid; B. Plaster; B. W. Filippone

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

393

Field Operations Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SUMMARY This report summarizes the Accelerated Reliability testing of five lead-acid battery- equipped Chevrolet S-10 electric vehicles by the U.S. Department of Energy's Field...

394

Fields in Circle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Field circled in red shown to the right. ... roughly to the blue circle in the tool on the left. ... Spreadsheet Tool, open a spreadsheet as a tab-delimited text ...

395

Dangerous electromagnetic fields?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dangerous electromagnetic fields? Dangerous electromagnetic fields? Name: Tommy T Joseph Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why are electromagnetic fields supposedly dangerous? Replies: I assume you are asking about power line frequency (60 Hz) fields, since they have been in the news lately. No one knows for sure that they are dangerous. There have been a few studies which seem to show an association between how close homes are to power lines, and the incidence of childhood cancer (mostly leukemia) in children living (or who have lived) in those homes. Other similar studies have not found such an association. In all the studies which have found an association, none has actually measured the fields. Studies which actually have measured the fields find no association. There is no known mechanism for 60 Hz fields to cause cancer. Furthermore, the classic "dose-response relationship," that is, the greater the dose, the greater the response, does not seem to work here. Many laboratory studies have found that 60 Hz fields have an effect on organisms under certain conditions, but none of the observed effects can be convincingly related to a hazard. The bottom line is, no one knows for sure. It is important to realize that it is impossible to prove that anything is completely safe. My personal opinion is that, if there is a risk, it must be very small, or it wouldn't be so hard to prove. I can supply some good unbiased references if you are interested.

396

Radiation Field Control Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Radiation Management Program is dedicated to reducing nuclear power plant worker personnel exposure by developing practices and technologies to increase the radiation protection of the worker, and to implement methods to reduce radiation fields. The nuclear power industry has recently implemented the RP2020 Initiative to promote positive radiation protection trends. Control of radiation fields is crucial to one of the initiative goals of reducing exposure. This manual provides the current state ...

2004-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

397

Applied Field Research Initiative Attenuation Based Remedies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PA00133 - March 2011 PA00133 - March 2011 Applied Field Research Initiative Attenuation Based Remedies in the Subsurface Located at the Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina, the Attenuation-Based Remedies in the Subsurface Applied Field Research Initiative (ABRS AFRI) was established to develop the tools, approaches and technologies that will be required to address the technical challenges associated characteriza- tion, remediation and long-term monitoring of recalcitrant compounds in the subsurface at Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) sites. The ABRS AFRI site provides a unique setting for researchers in both applied and basic science fields. A wealth of subsurface data is available to support research activities and remedial decision making.

398

Bayesian Inference for Wind Field Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In many problems in spatial statistics it is necessary to infer a global problem solution by combining local models. A principled approach to this problem is to develop a global probabilistic model for the relationships between local variables and to use this as the prior in a Bayesian inference procedure. We show how a Gaussian process with hyper-parameters estimated from Numerical Weather Prediction Models yields meteorologically convincing wind fields. We use neural networks to make local estimates of wind vector probabilities. The resulting inference problem cannot be solved analytically, but Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods allow us to retrieve accurate wind fields. Keywords: Bayesian inference; surface winds; spatial priors; Gaussian Processes 2 Bayesian Inference for Wind Field Retrieval 1 Introduction Satellite borne scatterometers are designed to retrieve surface winds over the oceans. These observations enhance the initial conditions supplied to Numerical Weather Predictio...

Dan Cornford And; Dan Cornford; Ian T. Nabney; Christopher K. I. Williams

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Field Research Challenge Site  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Previous experiments at the Rifle, Colorado Integrated Field Research Challenge (IFRC) site demonstrated that field-scale addition of acetate to groundwater reduced the ambient soluble uranium concentration. In this report, sediment samples collected before and after acetate field addition were used to assess the active microbes via {sup 13}C acetate stable isotope probing on 3 phases [coarse sand, fines (8-approximately 150 {micro}m), groundwater (0.2-8 {micro}m)] over a 24-day time frame. TRFLP results generally indicated a stronger signal in {sup 13}C-DNA in the 'fines' fraction compared to the sand and groundwater. Before the field-scale acetate addition, a Geobacter-like group primarily synthesized {sup 13}C-DNA in the groundwater phase, an alpha Proteobacterium primarily grew on the fines/sands, and an Acinetobacter sp. and Decholoromonas-like OTU utilized much of the {sup 13}C acetate in both groundwater and particle-associated phases. At the termination of the field-scale acetate addition, the Geobacter-like species was active on the solid phases rather than the groundwater, while the other bacterial groups had very reduced newly synthesized DNA signal. These findings will help to delineate the acetate utilization patterns of bacteria in the field and can lead to improved methods for stimulating distinct microbial populations in situ.

Kerkhof, L.; Williams, K.H.; Long, P.E.; McGuinness, L.

2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

400

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- COMFEN3: Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4.1 4.1 (4.1.25 -- October 4, 2012) Last update:09/11/13 11:39 AM Download COMFEN Release Notes (includes a list of changes to the program by version) Send feedback via email to COMFENHelp@lbl.gov. Also as bugs and comments are submitted by testers, they will be posted on this Knowledge Base, so check here for the latest information about the program. CONTENTS INSTALLATION KNOWN ISSUES Installation Issues -- Administrator Between Blind Slat Width Greater than Glazing System Gap Installation Issues -- Microsoft.NET Site To Source Multiplier -- changing it does not invalidate results Installation Directories by Operating System Natural Ventilation -- heating load increases Minimum computer requirements Simulation Error When Calculating a Scenario Project Database from Previous Versions -- where is it ?

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7.0 7.0 Last Updated: 05/20/2013 EN 673 / ISO 10077 Using WINDOW 7 and THERM 7 for EN 673 / ISO 10077 Calculations If you are interested in using WINDOW and THERM for EN 673 / ISO 10077 calculations, we have added that option to WINDOW 7. The calculation is not fully automated in the program yet, so there are many steps and a spreadsheet for the final calculation. We are interested in feedback (email WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov) about the process and the results from anyone who tests this feature. CAUTION: Do not model shading systems with the EN 673 thermal model. The program will produce results but they will most likely not be correct. Download this zip file (EN673.zip) which contains the following: Description of how to use WINDOW 6 and THERM 6 for the EN 673 / ISO 10077 calculations (PDF file)

402

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(6.3.9) (6.3.9) October 2010 Last Updated: 11/07/2010 Complex Glazing Features for WINDOW6 The Research Version of WINDOW 6 has the following modeling capabilities: Shading Layer Library: A Shading Layer Library has been added to define shading systems, such as venetian blinds and diffusing layers, which can then be added as layers in the Glazing System Library. Shade Material Library: A Shading Material Library has been added to define materials to be used in the Shading Layer Library. Properties defined in this library include shade material reflectance and absorptance (in the solar, visible and IR wavelengths ranges), as well as the conductivity of the material. Glazing System Library In the “Layers” section of the Glazing System definition, it is now possible to specify either a glass layer or a shading layer. The shading system is chosen from the Shading Layer Library.

403

Daylighting, dimming, and the electricity crisis in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State andand Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and

Rubinstein, Francis; Neils, Danielle; Colak, Nesrin

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Last Updated: 12/29/2013 If you find bugs, or have comments about this version, please do not hesitate to send an email to WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 7.2 (7.2.29) (12/29/2013) Release Notes -- Please read these before running this version ! This version contains these new modeling features Honeycomb shades Dynamic Glazing (Thermochromic and Electrochromic) This version is compatible with THERM 7.1 Please send us emails as you find issues in the program -- that is the only way that we can make it more robust. We hope to iterate versions fairly quickly in the next month or so to get the bugs ironed out. Radiance for WINDOW 7 Get a copy of Radiance for WINDOW 7.2 Must be used with WINDOW 7.0.59 or later

405

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW5: Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6.3 Knowledge Base 6.3 Knowledge Base Tip - use the Find function in your browser to search this page Last update:11/04/13 01:16 PM Download WINDOW 6.3 Send feedback via email to WindowHelp@lbl.gov. Also as bugs and comments are submitted by testers, the will be posted on this Knowledge Base, so check here for the latest information about the program. CONTENTS INSTALLATION KNOWN BUGS ** Operating Systems -- Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista ** Environmental Conditions -- Kimura convection model not working Locked Files with Install/De-install Environmental Conditions -- Fixed Combined Coefficient Bug Installation Problems Error Message during Calc due to decimal point of "," Minimum computer requirements Importing THERM file into WINDOW generates "Unnamed file has a bad format" error message

406

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- THERM: Future Work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FUTURE WORK FUTURE WORK As window products are designed and manufactured to become increasingly more energy efficient, it is imperative that the software tools such as THERM, which are used to design and rate such products for U-values and Condensation Resistance, are increasingly accurate in order to capture the true benefits of high-performance products. THERM's user interface and algorithms were therefore designed to accommodate the results of ongoing research on fenestration product heat transfer. These topics include: Providing a library of local film coefficients to better model frame and edge heat transfer and projecting products such as skylights and greenhouse windows. Incorporating the effects of 3D heat transfer paths into THERM. Developing a convection model for small cavities (in extruded frames) and in large cavities (domed skylights).

407

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- COMFEN3: Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COMFEN 4.0 COMFEN 4.0 Knowledge Base Last update:09/11/13 11:38 AM Download COMFEN Release Notes (includes a list of changes to the program by version) Send feedback via email to COMFENHelp@lbl.gov. Also as bugs and comments are submitted by testers, they will be posted on this Knowledge Base, so check here for the latest information about the program. CONTENTS INSTALLATION KNOWN ISSUES Installation Issues -- Administrator Between Blind Slat Width Greater than Glazing System Gap Installation Issues -- Microsoft.NET Using COMFEN 3 databases in COMFEN 4 Installation Problems COMFEN 4 database is not compatible with COMFEN 3.1 program Installation Directories by Operating System Site To Source Multiplier -- changing it does not invalidate results Minimum computer requirements

408

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- COMFEN3: Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 (5.0.05 -- January 1, 2013) Last update:09/11/13 11:40 AM Download COMFEN Release Notes (includes a list of changes to the program by version) Send feedback via email to COMFENHelp@lbl.gov. Also as bugs and comments are submitted by testers, they will be posted on this Knowledge Base, so check here for the latest information about the program. CONTENTS INSTALLATION KNOWN ISSUES Installation Issues -- Administrator Between Blind Slat Width Greater than Glazing System Gap Installation Issues -- Microsoft.NET Site To Source Multiplier -- changing it does not invalidate results Installation Directories by Operating System Natural Ventilation -- heating load increases Minimum computer requirements Climate Data Does Not Display Project Database from Previous Versions -- where is it ?

409

Moving to mainstream solutions : Daylighting The New York Times...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and systems, and to assess environmental quality. Increased cooling loads and cooling energy use for the larger, highly transparent glazings, with the potential for thermal...

410

CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Window Azimuth from Sun so Solar Altitude o Table A40° Solar Azimuth: 90° Window Orientation: 90° west sunsolar altitudes, while fg is determined as follows: where Illumination from the sun (

Bryan, Harvey J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

orientations and solar where E sun E 8 k y Illumination fromClear Sky Solar Altitude oo Window Azimuth from Sun goo .40° Solar Azimuth: 90° Window Orientation: 90° west of sun

Bryan, Harvey J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW5: Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

can have any name with the "mdb" extension) -- you can browse to the file with the browse button (its default location is in Program FilesLBNLLBNL Shared directory). bullet In...

413

Daylighting, dimming, and the electricity crisis in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity consumption was over 10% lower than in the previous year.electricity consumption at the Federal Building remains relatively constant throughout the year.consumption of electricity is relatively constant over a year,

Rubinstein, Francis; Neils, Danielle; Colak, Nesrin

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Daylighting in Laboratories; Laboratories for the 21st Century...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of light in the space because the sloped ceiling allows light to dif- fuse uniformly. A flat ceiling would be darker near the center. In the configuration shown, ideally the view...

415

eclipsePower : Watt daylightPower : Watt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highly Scalable Distributed Dataflow Analysis Joseph L. Greathouse, Chelsea LeBlanc, Todd Austin- visor's page fault handler then checks the page number against a list of pages that contain shadowed timekeeping code in the timer interrupt handler and the scheduler code of dom0 and the hypervisor. We

de Weck, Olivier L.

416

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a copy of THERM 7 Beta Knowledge Base Release Notes Forum Documentation Get a copy of WINDOW 7.1 to accompany THERM 7 Beta -- NOTE: WINDOW 7.2 is not compatible with THERM 7.1....

417

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Last Updated: 06262013 Complex Glazing System Modeling WINDOW 6.3 can be used to model complex glazing systems, in particular venetian blinds and roller shades (although not for...

418

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- THERM 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for THERM6 Overview of Changes from THERM6 THERM6.3 can read databases made in WINDOW6.3, and interpret the shading device layers. Sill with Interior Venetian Blind: Sill...

419

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 7.1 (7.1.73) (8302013) Release Notes -- Please read these before running this...

420

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a copy of THERM 7 Beta Knowledge Base Release Notes Forum Documentation Get a copy of WINDOW 7.1 to accompany THERM 7 Beta -- NOTE: WINDOW 7.0 is not compatible with THERM 7.1....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Radiance in WINDOW 7 beta August 3rd, 2012 Last Updated: 08032012 This package will add the capability to generate basic Radiance images from within WINDOW. You need to...

422

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- THERM 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Certified Version THERM 6.3.46 (5252012) Release Notes NOTES: CMAST is only compatible with this version WINDOW 6.3 DOCUMENTATION KNOWLEDGE BASE FORUM Last Updated: 08302013...

423

Daylighting, dimming, and the electricity crisis in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and reduce monthly electricity bills. September 17, 2001we have detailed monthly electricity bills for this complexfraction of the monthly electricity bill is due to the time-

Rubinstein, Francis; Neils, Danielle; Colak, Nesrin

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW5.02: Feature List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

bullet Window Library: RESFEN5 has a Window Library that allows data for specific windows to be imported from the WINDOW5 program. A default set of WINDOW5 data is installed...

425

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- COMFEN3: Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(IGDB) NFRC Procedure for Creating Laminates Information about IGDB Some of the windows in Optics are bigger than my screen. How can I solve this? Report a bug or ask a...

426

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW5.02: Version Fixes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

opening an optics db as a W5 db 748 energy plus reports working properly for windows with 2 glazing systems 742 eliminated a memory leak related to Therm temperature...

427

LBNL Windows & Daylighting Software -- Documentation for IT Administra...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

administrator privileges to run. File Locations This guide assumes installation on Windows 7 - 64 bit. If you are dealing with XP or a 32 bit version, paths will be different....

428

Catching Dissolving Clusters: a New Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional studies of stellar clusters in external galaxies use surface photometry and therefore focus on systems that are still bright and compact enough to be separated from the stellar background. Consequently, the latter stages of unbound cluster evolution are still poorly understood. This dramatically constrains our knowledge of the dissolution processes of stellar clusters in various physical environments. We present the first results of a new approach to directly detect and quantify the characteristics of evolved stellar clusters. Using the exceptional spatial resolution and sensitivity of HST/ACS images to resolve the stellar content nearby galaxies, we construct colour-magnitude diagrams for the observed fields. This enable us to separate the younger population likely present in young clusters from the older stellar content of the star field background. We utilize a clustering algorithm to assign each star to a group based on its local spatial density. This novel approach makes use of algorithms typically applied in N-body and cosmological studies. We test the method and show that it successfully detects less compact clusters that would normally be lost in the star field background. We also detect B-type stars well spread in the galaxy disk of NGC 1313, probably the result of infant mortality of stellar clusters.

Anne Pellerin; Martin Meyer; Jason Harris; Daniela Calzetti

2006-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

429

Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology CX rulemaking files More Documents & Publications Nanomaterial Laboratory...

430

Gravitational field energy contribution to the neutron star mass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron stars are discussed as laboratories of physics of strong gravitational fields. The mass of a neutron star is split into matter energy and gravitational field energy contributions. The energy of the gravitational field of neutron stars is calculated with three different approaches which give the same result. It is found that up to one half of the gravitational mass of maximum mass neutron stars is comprised by the gravitational field energy. Results are shown for a number of realistic equations of state of neutron star matter.

M. Dyrda; B. Kinasiewicz; M. Kutschera; A. Szmaglinski

2006-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

431

Computer Simulations of Charged Colloids in Alternating Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We briefly review recent theoretical and simulation studies of charged colloidal dispersions in alternating electric fields (AC fields). The response of single colloid to an external field can be characterized by a complex polarizability, which describes the dielectric properties of the colloid and its surrounding electrical double layer. We present computer simulation studies of single spherical colloid, using a coarse-grained mesoscale approach that accounts in full for hydrodynamic and electrostatic interactions as well as for thermal fluctuations. We investigate systematically a number of controlling parameters, such as the amplitude and frequency of the AC-fields. The results are in good agreement with recent theoretical predictions.

Jiajia Zhou; Friederike Schmid

2014-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

432

The Engineered Approach to Energy and Maintenance Effective Steam Trapping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The engineered approach to steam trap sizing, selection and application has proven effective in significantly reducing a plant's fuel consumption, maintenance and trap replacement costs while improving thermal efficiency and overall steam system performance. New field test procedures for measuring condensate load and steam loss have proven valuable in sizing traps and to determine which trap is the most energy efficient. The combination of using the engineered approach to steam trapping, field tests to verify trap performance and good maintenance practices has contributed to a major reduction in energy consumption of 10-50% in many industrial plants.

Krueger, R. G.; Wilt, G. W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Supersymmetric Yang Mills Fields and Black Holes ; In Ten Dimensional Unified Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Ten dimensional Unified field theory has a 4 dimensional Riemannian spacetime and six dimensional Calabi Yau space structure. The supersymmetric Yang Mills fields and black holes are solutions in these theories. The formation of primordial black holes in early universe, the collapse to singularity of stellar black holes, the Hawking evaporation of microscopic black holes in LHC are topics of observational and theoretical interest. The observation of gamma ray bursts and creation of spectrum of particles and radiation of dark and normal matter occur due to primordial and microscopic black holes. The approach to singularity in black hole interior solutions, require the Bogoliubov transforms of SUSY YM fields in black hole geometries; both during formation and in evaporation. The Hawking effect of radiating black holes is applicable for all the fields. Invariants can be defined to give the conditions for these processes.

Ajay Patwardhan

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

434

Recovery of 3D Solar Magnetic Field Model Parameter Using Image Structure Matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to recover a 3D solar magnetic field model parameter using intensity images of the Sun's corona is introduced. The approach is a quantitative approach in which the 3D model parameter is determined via an image structure matching scheme. The ... Keywords: 3D Parameter Recovery, Image-based Modeling, Structure Matching

Jong Kwan Lee; G. Allen Gary

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

275 10 Results and analysis of electrical lighting energy10 RESULTS AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICAL LIGHTING ENERGYfrom analysis of electrical lighting energy consumption and

Konis, Kyle Stas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

275 10 Results and analysis of electrical lighting energy10 RESULTS AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICAL LIGHTING ENERGYfrom analysis of electrical lighting energy consumption and

Konis, Kyle Stas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

include the path of the sun require solar control featuresto provide solar control of direct sun Recognized andof direct solar irradiance on the facade, sun position, and

Konis, Kyle Stas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizontal lines indicate location of overhead luminaires.horizontal lines indicate location of overhead luminaires.overhead electrical lighting was at full output. The horizontal line

Konis, Kyle Stas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the relationship between task lighting usage and available10.10 presents task lighting usage results from the surveyquestionnaire. Overall, task lighting usage was infrequent.

Konis, Kyle Stas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thermal comfort measurements. CEDR-WP03-93. M. Foster, T.C BENTON, Arch Cain Diaz, CEDR, KYLE STAS Konis, PhD, ArchMasters, Arch Cain Diaz, CEDR, KYLE STAS Konis, PhD, Arch

Konis, Kyle Stas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thermal comfort measurements. CEDR-WP03-93. M. Foster, T.C BENTON, Arch Cain Diaz, CEDR, KYLE STAS Konis, PhD, ArchMasters, Arch Cain Diaz, CEDR, KYLE STAS Konis, PhD, Arch

Konis, Kyle Stas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

changing exterior solar and weather conditions. In addition,fraction, solar heat gain and heat loss (in cold weather)

Konis, Kyle Stas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

changing exterior solar and weather conditions. In addition,fraction, solar heat gain and heat loss (in cold weather)

Konis, Kyle Stas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

ENERY SMART SCHOOLS - APPLIED RESEARCH, FIELD TESTING, AND TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION  

SciTech Connect

This multi-state collaborative project will coordinate federal, state, and private sector resources and high-priority school-related energy research under a comprehensive initiative that includes tasks that increase adoption of advanced energy efficiency high-performance technologies in both renovation of existing schools and building new ones; educate and inform school administrators, architects, engineers, and manufacturers nationwide as to the energy, economic, and environmental benefits of energy efficiency technologies; and improve the learning environment for the nation's students through use of better temperature controls, improvements in air quality, and increased daylighting in schools.

Kate Burke

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

ENERGY SMART SCHOOLS - APPLIED RESEARCH, FIELD TESTING, AND TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION  

SciTech Connect

This multi-state collaborative project will coordinate federal, state, and private sector resources and high-priority school-related energy research under a comprehensive initiative that includes tasks that increase adoption of advanced energy efficiency high-performance technologies in both renovation of existing schools and building new ones; educate and inform school administrators, architects, engineers, and manufacturers nationwide as to the energy, economic, and environmental benefits of energy efficiency technologies; and improve the learning environment for the nation's students through use of better temperature controls, improvements in air quality, and increased daylighting in schools.

Kate Burke

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Field testing plan for unsaturated zone monitoring and field studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The University of Arizona, in cooperation with the Bureau of Economic Geology at The University of Texas at Austin, and Stephens and Associates in Albuquerque, New Mexico has developed a field testing plan for evaluating subsurface monitoring systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has requested development of these testing plans for low-level radioactive waste disposal sites (LLW) and for monitoring at decommissioned facilities designated under the {open_quotes}Site Decommissioning Management Plan{close_quotes} (SDMP). The tests are conducted on a 50 m by 50 m plot on the University of Arizona`s Maricopa Agricultural Center. Within the 50 m by 50 m plot one finds: (1) an instrumented buried trench, (2) monitoring islands similar to those proposed for the Ward Valley, California LLW Facility, (3) deep borehole monitoring sites, (4) gaseous transport monitoring, and (5) locations for testing non-invasive geophysical measurement techniques. The various subplot areas are instrumented with commercially available instruments such as neutron probes, time domain reflectometry probes, tensiometers, psychrometers, heat dissipation sensors, thermocouples, solution samplers, and cross-hole geophysics electrodes. Measurement depths vary from ground surface to 15 m. The data from the controlled flow and transport experiments, conducted over the plot, will be used to develop an integrated approach to long-term monitoring of the vadose zone at waste disposal sites. The data will also be used to test field-scale flow and transport models. This report describes in detail the design of the experiment and the methodology proposed for evaluating the data.

Young, M.H.; Wierenga, P.J.; Warrick, A.W. [and others

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Field reversed ion rings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In typical field-reversed ion ring experiments, an intense annular ion beam is injected across a plasma-filled magnetic cusp region into a neutral gas immersed in a ramped solenoidal magnetic field. Assuming the characteristic ionization time is much shorter than the long ({ital t}{approx_gt}2{pi}/{Omega}{sub {ital i}}) beam evolution time scale, we investigate the formation of an ion ring in the background plasma followed by field reversal, using a 21/2-D hybrid, PIC code FIRE, in which the beam and background ions are treated as particles and the electrons as a massless fluid. We show that beam bunching and trapping occurs downstream in a ramped magnetic field for an appropriate set of experimental parameters. We find that a compact ion ring is formed and a large field reversal {zeta}={delta}{ital B}/{ital B}{approx_gt}1 on axis develops. We also observe significant deceleration of the ring on reflection due to the transfer of its axial momentum to the background ions, which creates favorable trapping conditions. {copyright} {ital 1995 American Institute of Physics.}

Sudan, R.N.; Omelchenko, Y.A. [Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Effects of Quantized Scalar Fields in Cosmological Spacetimes with Big Rip Singularities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of quantized free scalar fields in cosmological spacetimes with Big Rip singularities are investigated. The energy densities for these fields are computed at late times when the expansion is very rapid. For the massless minimally coupled field it is shown that an attractor state exists in the sense that, for a large class of states, the energy density of the field asymptotically approaches the energy density it would have if it was in the attractor state. Results of numerical computations of the energy density for the massless minimally coupled field and for massive fields with minimal and conformal coupling to the scalar curvature are presented. For the massive fields the energy density is seen to always asymptotically approach that of the corresponding massless field. The question of whether the energy densities of quantized fields can be large enough for backreaction effects to remove the Big Rip singularity is addressed.

Jason D. Bates; Paul R. Anderson

2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

449

SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO TRAINING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keywords: training, nuclear safety, regulatory body, personnel, inspector, qualifications The report describes the experiences obtained of a training programme for nuclear power plant inspectors arranged in the 90’s by the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority of Finland (STUK). In the implementation of the programme, a systematic method was used to analyse the training needs, to plan, develop and implement the training programme as well as to assess the programme’s implementation and results. The method used, “SAT—Systematic Approach to Training”, is presented in “Nuclear Power Plant Personnel Training and its Evaluation, A Guidebook”, IAEA Technical Report Series No. 380, which is a publication of the International Atomic Energy Agency. It is recommended that this method be applied in the planning and implementation of nuclear power plant personnel training. The application of the method as a tool for developing the qualifications of nuclear power plant inspectors shows that the method is well suited for use in Finland. Until the 90’s, STUK had no systematic approach to training activities. Some training was arranged internally, but training in most respects meant participation in external training events and international

Ilari Aro

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Pulsed hybrid field emitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid emitter exploits the electric field created by a rapidly depoled ferroelectric material. Combining the emission properties of a planar thin film diamond emitter with a ferroelectric alleviates the present technological problems associated with both types of emitters and provides a robust, extremely long life, high current density cathode of the type required by emerging microwave power generation, accelerator technology and display applications. This new hybrid emitter is easy to fabricate and not susceptible to the same failures which plague microstructure field emitter technology. Local electrode geometries and electric field are determined independently from those for optimum transport and brightness preservation. Due to the large amount of surface charge created on the ferroelectric, the emitted electrons have significant energy, thus eliminating the requirement for specialized phosphors in emissive flat-panel displays. 11 figs.

Sampayan, S.E.

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

451

Field Operations Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

688 688 May 1999 Field Operations Program Activities Status Report Fiscal Years 1997 through mid-1999 J. E. Francfort D. V. O'Hara L. A. Slezak DOE/ID-10688 Field Operations Program Activities Status Report Fiscal Years 1997 through mid-1999 J. E. Francfort 1 D. V. O'Hara 2 L. A. Slezak 2 Published May 1999 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Automotive Systems and Technology Department Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office 1 INEEL/Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co. 2 U.S. Department of Energy iii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Field Operations Program is an electric vehicle testing and evaluation program sponsored by U.S. Department of Energy and managed by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental

452

Pulsed hybrid field emitter  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid emitter exploits the electric field created by a rapidly depoled ferroelectric material. Combining the emission properties of a planar thin film diamond emitter with a ferroelectric alleviates the present technological problems associated with both types of emitters and provides a robust, extremely long life, high current density cathode of the type required by emerging microwave power generation, accelerator technology and display applications. This new hybrid emitter is easy to fabricate and not susceptible to the same failures which plague microstructure field emitter technology. Local electrode geometries and electric field are determined independently from those for optimum transport and brightness preservation. Due to the large amount of surface charge created on the ferroelectric, the emitted electrons have significant energy, thus eliminating the requirement for specialized phosphors in emissive flat-panel displays.

Sampayan, Stephen E. (Manteca, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Robust approach to f(R) gravity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider metric f(R) theories of gravity without mapping them to their scalar-tensor counterpart, but using the Ricci scalar itself as an ''extra'' degree of freedom. This approach avoids then the introduction of a scalar-field potential that might be ill defined (not single valued). In order to explicitly show the usefulness of this method, we focus on static and spherically symmetric spacetimes and deal with the recent controversy about the existence of extended relativistic objects in certain class of f(R) models.

Jaime, Luisa G. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico Distrito Federal 04510 (Mexico); Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 50-542, Mexico Distrito Federal 04510 (Mexico); Patino, Leonardo [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 50-542, Mexico Distrito Federal 04510 (Mexico); Salgado, Marcelo [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico Distrito Federal 04510 (Mexico)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

Microbial field pilot study  

SciTech Connect

A multi-well microbially enhanced oil recovery field pilot has been performed in the Southeast Vassar Vertz Sand Unit in Payne County, Oklahoma. The primary emphasis of the experiment was preferential plugging of high permeability zones for the purpose of improving waterflood sweep efficiency. Studies were performed to determine reservoir chemistry, ecology, and indigenous bacteria populations. Growth experiments were used to select a nutrient system compatible with the reservoir that encouraged growth of a group of indigenous nitrate-using bacteria and inhibit growth of sulfate-reducing bacteria. A specific field pilot area behind an active line drive waterflood was selected. Surface facilities were designed and installed. Injection protocols of bulk nutrient materials were prepared to facilitate uniform distribution of nutrients within the pilot area. By the end of December, 1991, 82.5 tons (75.0 tonnes) of nutrients had been injected in the field. A tracer test identified significant heterogeneity in the SEVVSU and made it necessary to monitor additional production wells in the field. The tracer tests and changes in production behavior indicate the additional production wells monitored during the field trial were also affected. Eighty two and one half barrels (13.1 m[sup 3]) of tertiary oil have been recovered. Microbial activity has increased CO[sub 2] content as indicated by increased alkalinity. A temporary rise in sulfide concentration was experienced. These indicate an active microbial community was generated in the field by the nutrient injection. Pilot area interwell pressure interference test results showed that significant permeability reduction occurred. The interwell permeabilities in the pilot area between the injector and the three pilot production wells were made more uniform which indicates a successful preferential plugging enhanced oil recovery project.

Knapp, R.M.; McInerney, M.J.; Menzie, D.E.; Coates, J.D.; Chisholm, J.L.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Field Mapping At Dixie Valley Geothermal Field Area (Wesnousky...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Field Mapping At Dixie Valley Geothermal Field Area (Wesnousky, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details...

456

The solar magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetic field of the Sun is the underlying cause of the many diverse phenomena combined under the heading of solar activity. Here we describe the magnetic field as it threads its way from the bottom of the convection zone, where it is built up by the solar dynamo, to the solar surface, where it manifests itself in the form of sunspots and faculae, and beyond into the outer solar atmosphere and, finally, into the heliosphere. On the way it, transports energy from the surface and the subsurface layers into the solar corona, where it heats the gas and accelerates the solar wind.

Solanki, Sami K; Schüssler, Manfred; 10.1088/0034-4885/69/3/R02

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Field implementation of geophysical diffraction tomography  

SciTech Connect

Geophysical diffraction tomography is a new technique that shows promise as a tool for quantitative subsurface (below-ground) imaging. The approach being used is based upon the filtered backpropagation algorithm, which is a mathematical extension of the reconstruction software used in conventional X-ray CAT scanners. The difference between this method and existing methods is that the new algorithm rigorously accounts for diffraction effects through an exact inversion of the wave equation. This refinement is necessary in that it admits the use of acoustic and long-wavelength electromagnetic waves, allowing tomography to be taken from the laboratory to the field. ORNL's effort in geophysical diffraction tomography involves reducing the filtered backpropagation algorithm to practice. This requires the design and construction of field instrumentation as well as the development of an improved algorithm. The original algorithm requires the imaged region to be illuminated by plane waves. This requirement simplifies the algorithm but complicates its field implementation in that plane waves are difficult to generate. Consequently, ORNL has been working to generalize the filtered backpropagation algorithm to allow a broader range of incoming wave fields which can more easily be realized in the field. The instrumentation aspects involve the selection of appropriate sonic sources and receivers along with the development of a state-of-art, portable, computer-controlled, multichannel data acquisition system. 5 references, 6 figures.

Witten, A.J.; Stevens, S.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

BLUe's Bibliography - a generic approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new and flexible approach to maintaining and using a bibliography database within (All)TEX is provided.

Kees van der Laan

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Corn Fields Shutting Down  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fields of corn around Indiana, especially early-planted ones, are in the process of shutting down for the season. While only 3 % of the state’s crop was estimated to be mature (i.e., kernel black layer) as of the week ending 31 Aug, 41 % of the crop was estimated to be at dent stage or beyond (Indiana Ag Stats Service, 2 Sep 2003). The onset of maturity is naturally accompanied by an eventual senescence of the entire solar harvesting “machinery”, but some fields appear to be shutting down prematurely and deserve to be monitored for potential stalk health issues prior to harvest (Nielsen, 2003). The short-term forecast for cool evening temperatures in the mid-50’s or lower throughout much of the state the remainder of this week will further accelerate premature senescence of these stressed fields. Plant stresses contributing to the premature “shutdown ” of some fields include: Root systems compromised by saturated soil conditions caused by early and midseason “monsoon ” events. Drier than normal conditions throughout much of August, accompanied by stressful low to mid-90 F temperatures in the latter part of the month.

R. L. (bob Nielsen

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Light Field Appearance Manifolds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Statistical shape and texture appearance models are powerful image representations, but previously had been restricted to 2D or 3D shapes with smooth surfaces and lambertian reflectance. In this paper we present a novel 3D appearance model using image-based rendering techniques, which can represent complex lighting conditions, structures, and surfaces. We construct a light field manifold capturing the multi-view appearance of an object class and extend the direct search algorithm of Cootes and Taylor to match new light fields or 2D images of an object to a point on this manifold. When matching to a 2D image the reconstructed light field can be used to render unseen views of the object. Our technique differs from previous view-based active appearance models in that model coefficients between views are explicitly linked, and that we do not model any pose variation within the shape model at a single view. It overcomes the limitations of polygonal based appearance models and uses light fields that are acquired in real-time. 1

Chris Mario Christoudias; Trevor Darrell

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Pair creation by a photon in an electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The process of pair creation by a photon in a constant and homogeneous electric field is investigated basing on the polarization operator in the field. The total probability of the process is found in a relatively simple form. At high energy the quasiclassical approximation is valid. The corrections to the standard quasiclassical approximation (SQA) are calculated. In the region relatively low photon energies, where SQA is unapplicable, the new approximation is used. It is shown that in this energy interval the probability of pair creation by a photon in electric field exceeds essentially the corresponding probability in a magnetic field. This approach is valid at the photon energy much larger than "vacuum" energy in electric field: $\\omega\\gg eE/m$. For smaller photon energies the low energy approximation is developed. At $\\omega\\ll eE/m$ the found probability describes the absorption of soft photon by the particles created by an electric field.

V. N. Baier; V. M. Katkov

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

462

Phase-Field Modeling of Solute Precipitation and Dissolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A phase-field approach to the dynamics of liquid-solid interfaces that evolve due to precipitation and/or dissolution is presented. For the purpose of illustration and comparison with other methods, phase field simulations were carried out assuming first order reaction (dissolution/precipitation) kinetics. In contrast to solidification processes controlled by a temperature field that is continuous across the solid/liquid interface (with a discontinuous temperature gradient) precipitation/dissolution is controlled by a solute concentration field that is discontinuous at the solid/liquid interface. The sharp-interface asymptotic analysis of the phase-field equations for solidification [Karma and Rappel, Phys. Rev. E57 (1998) 4342] has been modified for precipitation/dissolution processes to demonstrate that the phase-field equations converge to the proper sharp-interface limit. The mathematical model has been validated for a one-dimensional precipitation/dissolution problem by comparison with the analytical solution.

Zhijie Xu; Paul Meakin

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Near-field radiative heat transfer for structured surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply an analytical approach for determining the near-field radiative heat transfer between a metallic nanosphere and a planar semi-infinite medium with some given surface structure. This approach is based on a perturbative expansion, and evaluated to first order in the surface profile. With the help of numerical results obtained for some simple model geometries we discuss typical signatures that should be obtainable with a near-field scanning thermal microscope operated in either constant-height or constant-distance mode.

Svend-Age Biehs; Oliver Huth; Felix Rüting

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

Macroscopic displaced thermal field as the entanglement catalyst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that entanglement of multiple atoms can arise via resonant interaction with a displaced thermal field with a macroscopic photon-number. The cavity field acts as the catalyst, which is disentangled with the atomic system after the operation. Remarkably, the entanglement speed does not decrease as the average photon-number of the mixed thermal state increases. The atoms may evolve to a highly entangled state even when the photon-number of the cavity mode approaches infinity.

Zheng, Shi-Biao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Macroscopic displaced thermal field as the entanglement catalyst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that entanglement of multiple atoms can arise via resonant interaction with a displaced thermal field with a macroscopic photon-number. The cavity field acts as the catalyst, which is disentangled with the atomic system after the operation. Remarkably, the entanglement speed does not decrease as the average photon-number of the mixed thermal state increases. The atoms may evolve to a highly entangled state even when the photon-number of the cavity mode approaches infinity.

Shi-Biao Zheng

2012-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

466

The Solar pp and hep Processes in Effective Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strategy of modern effective field theory is exploited to pin down accurately the flux $S$ factors for the $pp$ and $hep$ processes in the Sun. The technique used is to combine the high accuracy established in few-nucleon systems of the "standard nuclear physics approach" (SNPA) and the systematic power counting of chiral perturbation theory (ChPT) into a consistent effective field theory framework. Using highly accurate wave functions obtained in the SNPA and working to \

T. -S. Park; K. Kubodera; D. -P. Min; M. Rho

2001-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

467

Atomistic modeling of metal surfaces under electric fields: direct coupling of electric fields to a molecular dynamics algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of electric fields on metal surfaces is fairly well studied, resulting in numerous analytical models developed to understand the mechanisms of ionization of surface atoms observed at very high electric fields, as well as the general behavior of a metal surface in this condition. However, the derivation of analytical models does not include explicitly the structural properties of metals, missing the link between the instantaneous effects owing to the applied field and the consequent response observed in the metal surface as a result of an extended application of an electric field. In the present work, we have developed a concurrent electrodynamic–molecular dynamic model for the dynamical simulation of an electric-field effect and subsequent modification of a metal surface in the framework of an atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) approach. The partial charge induced on the surface atoms by the electric field is assessed by applying the classical Gauss law. The electric forces acting on the partially...

Djurabekova, Flyura; Pohjonen, Aarne; Nordlund, Kai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

An approach for modelling concrete spalling in finite strains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach for modelling concrete spalling process is here proposed, taking into account a fully nonlinear-displacement/strain theory able to catch complex interactions between pressure, thermal and mechanical fields. The micro-structural modelling ... Keywords: Concrete spalling, Finite strains, Micro-structural modelling

C. E. Majorana; V. A. Salomoni; G. Mazzucco; G. A. Khoury

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

A STREAMLINE APPROACH FOR HISTORY-MATCHING PRODUCTION DATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A STREAMLINE APPROACH FOR HISTORY-MATCHING PRODUCTION DATA SUPRI TR - 125 By Yuandong Wang-FC26-00BC15311 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Thomas Reid of permeability fields 34 12. Case 4, fractional flow curves 35 13. Case 4, pressure history 36 14. Case 4, error

470

An ontological approach for modeling technical standards for compliance checking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper gives an overview of a formal semantic-based approach of modeling some regulations in the photovoltaic field to help the delivering of technical assessments at the French scientific center on Building Industry (CSTB). Starting from regulatory ... Keywords: E-Government, E-regulations, building industry, knowledge management, ontology, semantic web

Khalil Riad Bouzidi; Catherine Faron-Zucker; Bruno Fies; Nhan Le Thanh

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Scholarly research and information practices: a domain analytic approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with information needs, seeking, searching, and uses within scholarly communities by introducing theory from the field of science and technology studies. In particular it contributes to the domain-analytic approach in information science ... Keywords: Computer-mediated communication, Domain-analysis, Information practices, Scientific collaboration, Scientific communication, Writing in the disciplines

J. Fry

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Metering Approaches | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Approaches Approaches Metering Approaches October 7, 2013 - 9:24am Addthis Metering approaches vary depending on facility design and intended purpose (e.g., administrative offices, laboratory, warehouse, etc.). No one approach fits all applications. In fact, different approaches are often needed at different times. For example, a different approach is needed depending on whether the program is trying to verify utility rates, implement demand response or load management programs, or support certification efforts. One-Time Measurements One-time measurements are useful in many baseline activities to understand instantaneous energy use, equipment performance, or loading. These measurements become particularly useful in trending equipment performance over time. For example, one-time measurements are useful when an energy-efficiency

473

The United Nations' Approach To Geothermal Resource Assessment | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Nations' Approach To Geothermal Resource Assessment United Nations' Approach To Geothermal Resource Assessment Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: The United Nations' Approach To Geothermal Resource Assessment Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Although the emphasis of United Nations' assisted geothermal projects has been on demonstrating the feasibility of producing geothermal fluids, the potential capacity of individual fields has been estimated by both the energy in place and decline curve methods. The energy in place method has been applied to three geothermal fields resulting in total resource estimates ranging from 380 to 16,800 MW-yr. The results of these studies must be considered highly tentative, however, due to inadequate reservoir data and a poor knowledge of producing mechanisms. The decline

474

Japanese refrigerators field testing  

SciTech Connect

Residential refrigerators consume the equivalent of 1700 megawatts (MW) of baseload power in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) service area. Japanese manufacturers have designed refrigerator units that appear more energy efficient than some currently available American models. This report summarizes preliminary findings from field testing of 12 refrigerators of Japanese manufacture to evaluate annual kilowatt hour (kWh) use during actual operation. The units have also undergone laboratory testing sponsored by BPA at ETL Testing Laboratories, Inc. in Cortland, New York. A final report of the project -- due at the end of 1989 -- will correlate in detail the results of field and laboratory tests in comparison to performance ratings determined by the manufacturer.

Lou, A.T.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Japanese Refrigerators Field Testing.  

SciTech Connect

Residential refrigerators consume the equivalent of 1700 megawatts (MW) of baseload power in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) service area. Japanese manufacturers have designed refrigerator units that appear more energy efficient than some currently available American models. This report summarizes preliminary findings from field testing of 12 refrigerators of Japanese manufacture to evaluate annual kilowatt hour (kWh) use during actual operation. The units have also undergone laboratory testing sponsored by BPA at ETL Testing Laboratories, Inc. in Cortland, New York. A final report of the project -- due at the end of 1989 -- will correlate in detail the results of field and laboratory tests in comparison to performance ratings determined by the manufacturer.

Lou, Albert T.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Field Force Data Visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the development of a prototype data visualization app for utility workers. By using commercially available tablet technology, open standards, and open source software, utilities may be able to improve data capabilities of deployed field crews with modest investment in technology.BackgroundUtilities have been investing heavily in communications and information technology (IT) infrastructure in the past several years.  While strides are being ...

2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

477

Ca rlsbad Field Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

En ergy En ergy Ca rlsbad Field Office P. O . Box 3090 Carlsbad , New Mexico 88221 AUG 2 9 2013 Mr. John E. Kieling , Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau New Mexico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Notification of Class 1 Permit Modification to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Number: NM4890139088-TSDF

478

Microbial field pilot study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to perform a microbial enhanced oil recovery field pilot in the Southeast Vassar Vertz Sand Unit (SEVVSU) in Payne County, Oklahoma. Indigenous, anaerobic, nitrate reducing bacteria will be stimulated to selectively plug flow paths which have been referentially swept by a prior waterflood. This will force future flood water to invade bypassed regions of the reservoir and increase sweep efficiency. This report covers progress made during the second year, January 1, 1990 to December 31, 1990, of the Microbial Field Pilot Study project. Information on reservoir ecology, surface facilities design, operation of the unit, core experiments, modeling of microbial processes, and reservoir characterization and simulation are presented in the report. To better understand the ecology of the target reservoir, additional analyses of the fluids which support bacteriological growth and the microbiology of the reservoir were performed. The results of the produced and injected water analysis show increasing sulfide concentrations with respect to time. In March of 1990 Mesa Limited Partnership sold their interest in the SEVVSU to Sullivan and Company. In April, Sullivan and Company assumed operation of the field. The facilities for the field operation of the pilot were refined and implementation was begun. Core flood experiments conducted during the last year were used to help define possible mechanisms involved in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The experiments were performed at SEVVSU temperature using fluids and inoculum from the unit. The model described in last year`s report was further validated using results from a core flood experiment. The model was able to simulate the results of one of the core flood experiments with good quality.

Knapp, R.M.; McInerney, M.J.; Menzie, D.E.; Chisholm, J.L.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Microbial field pilot study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to perform a microbial enhanced oil recovery field pilot in the Southeast Vassar Vertz Sand Unit (SEVVSU) in Payne County, Oklahoma. Indigenous, anaerobic, nitrate reducing bacteria will be stimulated to selectively plug flow paths which have been referentially swept by a prior waterflood. This will force future flood water to invade bypassed regions of the reservoir and increase sweep efficiency. This report covers progress made during the second year, January 1, 1990 to December 31, 1990, of the Microbial Field Pilot Study project. Information on reservoir ecology, surface facilities design, operation of the unit, core experiments, modeling of microbial processes, and reservoir characterization and simulation are presented in the report. To better understand the ecology of the target reservoir, additional analyses of the fluids which support bacteriological growth and the microbiology of the reservoir were performed. The results of the produced and injected water analysis show increasing sulfide concentrations with respect to time. In March of 1990 Mesa Limited Partnership sold their interest in the SEVVSU to Sullivan and Company. In April, Sullivan and Company assumed operation of the field. The facilities for the field operation of the pilot were refined and implementation was begun. Core flood experiments conducted during the last year were used to help define possible mechanisms involved in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The experiments were performed at SEVVSU temperature using fluids and inoculum from the unit. The model described in last year's report was further validated using results from a core flood experiment. The model was able to simulate the results of one of the core flood experiments with good quality.

Knapp, R.M.; McInerney, M.J.; Menzie, D.E.; Chisholm, J.L.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Field Guide: Coatings Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has numerous products to help plant personnel meet the challenges of working with aging systems, structures, and components, but none that comprehensively address protective coatings and linings. This field guide provides a compilation of protective coating and lining information in a form that allows the user to have a ready reference available during condition assessment of the various protective coatings and linings used in the plant.

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "approach daylighting field" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Warped Conformal Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study field theories in two spacetime dimensions invariant under a chiral scaling symmetry that acts only on right-movers. The local symmetries include one copy of the Virasoro algebra and a U(1) current algebra. This differs from the 2d conformal group, but in some respects is equally powerful in constraining the theory. In particular, the symmetries on a torus lead to modular covariance of the partition function, which is used to derive a universal formula for the asymptotic density of states. For an application we turn to the holographic description of black holes in quantum gravity, motivated by the fact that the symmetries in the near horizon geometry of any extremal black hole are identical to those of a 2d field theory with chiral scaling. We consider two examples: black holes in warped AdS_3 in topologically massive gravity, and in string theory. In both cases, the density of states in the 2d field theory reproduces the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of black holes in the gravity theory.

Detournay, Stephane; Hofman, Diego M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Warped Conformal Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study field theories in two spacetime dimensions invariant under a chiral scaling symmetry that acts only on right-movers. The local symmetries include one copy of the Virasoro algebra and a U(1) current algebra. This differs from the 2d conformal group, but in some respects is equally powerful in constraining the theory. In particular, the symmetries on a torus lead to modular covariance of the partition function, which is used to derive a universal formula for the asymptotic density of states. For an application we turn to the holographic description of black holes in quantum gravity, motivated by the fact that the symmetries in the near horizon geometry of any extremal black hole are identical to those of a 2d field theory with chiral scaling. We consider two examples: black holes in warped AdS_3 in topologically massive gravity, and in string theory. In both cases, the density of states in the 2d field theory reproduces the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of black holes in the gravity theory.

Stephane Detournay; Thomas Hartman; Diego M. Hofman

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Developing integrated envelop and lighting systems for commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

Integrated envelope and lighting systems achieve significant energy, peak demand, and cost savings over typical component-by-component design practice by leveraging the interactive energy balance between electric lighting energy use and cooling due to lighting and solar radiation. We discuss how these savings can be achieved using conventional glazing and lighting components by taking an integrated systems design approach. We describe integrated dynamic envelope and lighting systems, currently under development, that actively achieve this energy balance through the use of intelligent control systems. We show how prototypical daylighting systems can be used to increase the efficacy and distribution of daylight throughout the space for the same or less glazing area as a typical window, while achieving greater energy savings with increased visual comfort. Energy performance simulations and field tests conducted to date illustrate significant energy savings, peak demand reductions, and potential practical implementation of these proposed systems.

Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.E.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Klems, J.H.; Beltran, L.O.; DiBartolomeo, D.L.; Sullivan, R.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Bayesian inference of solar and stellar magnetic fields in the weak-field approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The weak-field approximation is one of the simplest models that allows us to relate the observed polarization induced by the Zeeman effect with the magnetic field vector present on the plasma of interest. It is usually applied for diagnosing magnetic fields in the solar and stellar atmospheres. A fully Bayesian approach to the inference of magnetic properties in unresolved structures is presented. The analytical expression for the marginal posterior distribution is obtained, from which we can obtain statistically relevant information about the model parameters. The role of a-priori information is discussed and a hierarchical procedure is presented that gives robust results that are almost insensitive to the precise election of the prior. The strength of the formalism is demonstrated through an application to IMaX data. Bayesian methods can optimally exploit data from filter-polarimeters given the scarcity of spectral information as compared with spectro-polarimeters. The effect of noise and how it degrades ou...

Ramos, A Asensio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Automatic History Matching of Geothermal Field Performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have developed inverse modeling capabilities for the multiphase multicomponent numerical simulator TOUGH2 to facilitate automatic history matching and parameter estimation based on data obtained during exploitation of geothermal fields. The ITOUGH2 code allows one to estimate TOUGH2 input parameters based on any type of observation for which a corresponding TOUGH2 output can be calculated. Furthermore, a detailed residual and error analysis is performed, and the uncertainty of model predictions can be evaluated. This paper focuses on the solution of the inverse problem, i.e. the determination of model-related parameters by automatically calibrating a conceptual model of the geothermal system against data obtained during field operation. We first describe the modeling approach used to simulate fluid and heat flow in fractured-porous media. The inverse problem is then formulated, followed by a brief discussion of the optimization algorithm. A sample problem is given to demonstrate the application of the method to geothermal reservoir data.

Finsterle, S.; Pruess, K.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Automatic history matching of geothermal field performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have developed inverse modeling capabilities for the multiphase multicomponent numerical simulator TOUGH2 to facilitate automatic history matching, and parameter estimation based on data obtained during exploitation of Geothermal fields. The ITOUGH2 code allows one to estimate TOUGH2 input parameters based on any type of observation for which a corresponding TOUGH2 output can be calculated. Furthermore, a detailed residual and error analysis is performed, and the uncertainty of model predictions can be evaluated. This paper focuses on the solution of the inverse; problem, i.e. the determination of model-related parameters by automatically calibrating a conceptual model of the Geothermal system against data obtained during field operation. We first describe the modeling, approach used to simulate fluid and heat flow in fractured-porous media. The inverse problem is then formulated, followed by a brief discussion of the optimization algorithm. A sample problem is given to demonstrate the application of the method to Geothermal reservoir data.

Finsterle, S.; Pruess, K>

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Compact shell solitons in K field theories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some models providing shell-shaped static solutions with compact support (compactons) in 3+1 and 4+1 dimensions are introduced, and the corresponding exact solutions are calculated analytically. These solutions turn out to be topological solitons and may be classified as maps S{sup 3}{yields}S{sup 3} and suspended Hopf maps, respectively. The Lagrangian of these models is given by a scalar field with a nonstandard kinetic term (K field) coupled to a pure Skyrme term restricted to S{sup 2}, rised to the appropriate power to avoid the Derrick scaling argument. Further, the existence of infinitely many exact shell solitons is explained using the generalized integrability approach. Finally, similar models allowing for nontopological compactons of the ball type in 3+1 dimensions are briefly discussed.

Adam, C.; Klimas, P.; Sanchez-Guillen, J. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Wereszczynski, A. [Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen University, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark and Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow, 30-059 (Poland)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Physical approaches to DNA sequencing and detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the continued improvement of sequencing technologies, the prospect of genome-based medicine is now at the forefront of scientific research. To realize this potential, however, we need a revolutionary sequencing method for the cost-effective and rapid interrogation of individual genomes. This capability is likely to be provided by a physical approach to probing DNA at the single nucleotide level. This is in sharp contrast to current techniques and instruments which probe, through chemical elongation, electrophoresis, and optical detection, length differences and terminating bases of strands of DNA. In this Colloquium we review several physical approaches to DNA detection that have the potential to deliver fast and low-cost sequencing. Center-fold to these approaches is the concept of nanochannels or nanopores which allow for the spatial confinement of DNA molecules. In addition to their possible impact in medicine and biology, the methods offer ideal test beds to study open scientific issues and challenges in the relatively unexplored area at the interface between solids, liquids, and biomolecules at the nanometer length scale. We emphasize the physics behind these methods and ideas, critically describe their advantages and drawbacks, and discuss future research opportunities in this field.

Michael Zwolak; Massimiliano Di Ventra

2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

489

The bias field of dark matter haloes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a stochastic approach to the clustering evolution of dark matter haloes in the Universe. Haloes, identified by a Press-Schechter-type algorithm in Lagrangian space, are described in terms of `counting fields', acting as non-linear operators on the underlying Gaussian density fluctuations. By ensemble averaging these counting fields, the standard Press-Schechter mass function as well as analytic expressions for the halo correlation function and corresponding bias factors of linear theory are obtained, thereby extending the recent results by Mo and White. The non-linear evolution of our halo population is then followed by solving the continuity equation, under the sole hypothesis that haloes move by the action of gravity. This leads to an exact and general formula for the bias field of dark matter haloes, defined as the local ratio between their number density contrast and the mass density fluctuation. Besides being a function of position and `observation' redshift, this random field depends upon the mass and formation epoch of the objects and is both non-linear and non-local. The latter features are expected to leave a detectable imprint on the spatial clustering of galaxies, as described, for instance, by statistics like bispectrum and skewness. Our algorithm may have several interesting applications, among which the possibility of generating mock halo catalogues from low-resolution N-body simulations.

P. Catelan; F. Lucchin; S. Matarrese; C. Porciani

1997-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

490

Diagrammar in classical scalar field theory  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we analyze perturbatively a g{phi}{sup 4}classical field theory with and without temperature. In order to do that, we make use of a path-integral approach developed some time ago for classical theories. It turns out that the diagrams appearing at the classical level are many more than at the quantum level due to the presence of extra auxiliary fields in the classical formalism. We shall show that a universal supersymmetry present in the classical path-integral mentioned above is responsible for the cancelation of various diagrams. The same supersymmetry allows the introduction of super-fields and super-diagrams which considerably simplify the calculations and make the classical perturbative calculations almost 'identical' formally to the quantum ones. Using the super-diagrams technique, we develop the classical perturbation theory up to third order. We conclude the paper with a perturbative check of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. - Highlights: > We provide the Feynman diagrams of perturbation theory for a classical field theory. > We give a super-formalism which links the quantum diagrams to the classical ones. > We check perturbatively the fluctuation-dissipation theorem.

Cattaruzza, E., E-mail: Enrico.Cattaruzza@gmail.com [Department of Physics (Miramare Campus), University of Trieste, Strada Costiera 11, Miramare-Grignano 34014, Trieste (Italy); Gozzi, E., E-mail: gozzi@ts.infn.it [Department of Physics (Miramare Campus), University of Trieste, Strada Costiera 11, Miramare-Grignano 34014, Trieste (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Trieste (Italy); Francisco Neto, A., E-mail: antfrannet@gmail.com [Departamento de Engenharia de Producao, Administracao e Economia, Escola de Minas, Campus Morro do Cruzeiro, UFOP, 35400-000 Ouro Preto MG (Brazil)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Objective Analysis of Pseudostress over the Indian Ocean Using a Direct-Minimization Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variational approach is used to develop an objective analysis technique which produces monthly average 1-deg pseudostress vector fields over the Indian Ocean. A, cost functional is constructed which consists of five terms, each expressing a ...

David M. Legler; I. M. Navon; James J. O'Brien

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Polymer-disordered liquid crystals: Susceptibility to electric field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When nematic liquid crystals are embedded in random polymer networks, the disordered environment disrupts the long-range order, producing a glassy state. If an electric field is applied, it induces large and fairly temperature-independent orientational order. To understand the experiments, we simulate a liquid crystal in a disordered polymer network, visualize the domain structure, and calculate the response to a field. Furthermore, using an Imry-Ma-like approach we predict the domain size and estimate the field-induced order. The simulations and analytic results agree with each other, and suggest how the materials can be optimized for electro-optic applications.

Lena M. Lopatina; Jonathan V. Selinger

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

493

Systems biology approach to bioremediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aspects of the systems biology approach (metagenomics withthe use of a number of sytems biology parameters can revealRL, Banfield JF: Systems Biology: functional analysis of

Chakraborty, R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

TQP Qualifying Official Training Approaches Matrix | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Matrix TQP Qualifying Official Training Approaches Matrix Matrix of DOE Technical Qualification Program Qualifying Official Approaches DOE Qualifying Official Approach Matrix More...

495

Golden Field Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Department of Energy Golden Field Office 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT UNIVERSITY OF MAINE'S DEEPWATER OFFSHORE FLOATING WIND TURBINE TESTING AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECT - CASTINE DOE/EA-1792-S1 AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has completed a Supplemental Environmental Assessment (Supplemental EA) DOE/EA-1792-S1 for the University of Maine's (UMaine) Deepwater Offshore Floating Wind Turbine Testing and Demonstration Project - Castine. DOE prepared the Supplemental EA to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of

496

Astrophysical weak-interaction processes and nuclear effective field theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low-energy nuclear weak-interaction processes play important roles in many astrophysical contexts, and effective field theory is believed to be a highly useful framework for describing these processes in a model-independent manner. I present a brief account of the basic features of the nuclear effective theory approach, and some examples of actual calculations carried out in this method.

K. Kubodera

2004-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

497

Evaluation of real options in an oil field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject of this paper is the application of real options models for valuing an offshore oil property in the North of Africa. Three different approaches were used - one based on the traditional Black-Scholes model, the Marketed Asset Disclaimer (MAD) ... Keywords: capital budgeting, decision analysis, investment appraisal, oil fields, real options

Joăo Oliveira Soares; Diogo Baltazar

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Multi-agent navigation using path-based vector fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an approach to multi-agent navigation, that is based on generating potential-fields from A*-paths. We will introduce and compare two algorithms: 1) a geometrical algorithm that is based on quads, and 2) an images-based algorithm. We show empirically ...

Tristan Behrens; Randolf Schärfig; Tim Winkler

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Particle energization through time-periodic helical magnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We solve for the motion of charged particles in a helical time-periodic ABC (Arnold-Beltrami-Childress) magnetic field. The magnetic field lines of a stationary ABC field with $A=B=C=1$ are chaotic, and we show that the motion of a charged particle in such a field is also chaotic at late time with positive Lyapunov exponent. We further show that in time-periodic (frequency $\\omega$) ABC fields the kinetic energy of a charged particle can increase indefinitely with time. At late times the mean kinetic energy grows as a power law in time with exponent $\\xi$ that approaches unity. For an initial distribution of particles, whose kinetic energy is uniformly distributed within some interval, the PDF of kinetic energy is, at late time, close to a Gaussian but with steeper tails.

Dhrubaditya Mitra; Axel Brandenburg; Brahmananda Dasgupta; Eyvind Niklasson; Abhay Ram

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Quasi light fields: Extending the light field to coherent radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Imaging technologies such as dynamic viewpoint generation are engineered for incoherent radiation using the traditional light field, and for coherent radiation using electromagnetic field theory. We present a model of ...

Accardi, Anthony J.