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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Applied Optical Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with NREL, utilizing NREL's advanced optical furnace technology for manufacturing thin-film silicon solar cells 3. References ...

2

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied optical metrology Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optical Sciences Summary: Research - Quantum Optics Applied Optics & Photonics - Optoelectronics - Optical Communications - Medical... Optics Engineering - Optical System Design...

3

Optical Diagnostics and Modeling Tools Applied to Diesel HCCI...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Optical Diagnostics and Modeling Tools Applied to Diesel HCCI Optical Diagnostics and Modeling Tools Applied to Diesel HCCI 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Caterpillar Engine...

4

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS Polarization Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS EDITORIAL Polarization Optics Guest Editors Jari Turunen University of Joensuu, Finland Asher A Friesem Weizmann Institute This special issue on Polarization Optics contains one review article and 23 research papers, many of which

Friesem, Asher A.

5

High pressure fiber optic sensor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present application provides a fiber optic sensor system. The fiber optic sensor system may include a small diameter bellows, a large diameter bellows, and a fiber optic pressure sensor attached to the small diameter bellows. Contraction of the large diameter bellows under an applied pressure may cause the small diameter bellows to expand such that the fiber optic pressure sensor may measure the applied pressure.

Guida, Renato; Xia, Hua; Lee, Boon K; Dekate, Sachin N

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

6

Modular Optical PDV System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A modular optical photon Doppler velocimetry (PDV) detector system has been developed by using readily available optical components with a 20-GHz Miteq optical detector into eight channels of single-wide modules integrated into a 3U rack unit (1U = 1.75 inches) with a common power supply. Optical fibers were precisely trimmed, welded, and timed within each unit. This system has been used to collect dynamic velocity data on various physics experiments. An optical power meter displays the laser input power to the module and optical power at the detector. An adjustable micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) optical attenuator is used to adjust the amount of unshifted light entering the detector. Front panel LEDs show the presence of power to the module. A fully loaded chassis with eight channels consumes 45 watts of power. Each chassis requires 1U spacing above and below for heat management. Modules can be easily replaced.

Araceli Rutkowski, David Esquibel

2008-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

7

Stereoscopic optical viewing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved optical system which provides the operator with a stereoscopic viewing field and depth of vision, particularly suitable for use in various machines such as electron or laser beam welding and drilling machines. The system features two separate but independently controlled optical viewing assemblies from the eyepiece to a spot directly above the working surface. Each optical assembly comprises a combination of eye pieces, turning prisms, telephoto lenses for providing magnification, achromatic imaging relay lenses and final stage pentagonal turning prisms. Adjustment for variations in distance from the turning prisms to the workpiece, necessitated by varying part sizes and configurations and by the operator's visual accuity, is provided separately for each optical assembly by means of separate manual controls at the operator console or within easy reach of the operator.

Tallman, C.S.

1986-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

8

Modular optical detector system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A modular optical detector system. The detector system is designed to detect the presence of molecules or molecular species by inducing fluorescence with exciting radiation and detecting the emitted fluorescence. Because the system is capable of accurately detecting and measuring picomolar concentrations it is ideally suited for use with microchemical analysis systems generally and capillary chromatographic systems in particular. By employing a modular design, the detector system provides both the ability to replace various elements of the detector system without requiring extensive realignment or recalibration of the components as well as minimal user interaction with the system. In addition, the modular concept provides for the use and addition of a wide variety of components, including optical elements (lenses and filters), light sources, and detection means, to fit particular needs.

Horn, Brent A. (Livermore, CA); Renzi, Ronald F. (Tracy, CA)

2006-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

9

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS The plurality of optical singularities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS EDITORIAL The plurality of optical singularities Guest Editors Michael Berry (Co-Director of NATO ARW) H H Wills Physics, Kiev, Ukraine This collection of papers arose from an Advanced Research Workshop on Singular Optics

Berry, Michael Victor

10

Information capacity and resolution in an optical system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of invariance of information capacity is discussed and applied to the resolution of an optical system. Methods of obtaining superresolution in microscopy are discussed, and...

Cox, I J; Sheppard, C J R

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Optical fiber inspection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A remote optical inspection system including an inspection head. The inspection head has a passageway through which pellets or other objects are passed. A window is provided along the passageway through which light is beamed against the objects being inspected. A plurality of lens assemblies are arranged about the window so that reflected light can be gathered and transferred to a plurality of coherent optical fiber light guides. The light guides transfer the light images to a television or other image transducer which converts the optical images into a representative electronic signal. The electronic signal can then be displayed on a signal viewer such as a television monitor for inspection by a person. A staging means can be used to support the objects for viewing through the window. Routing means can be used to direct inspected objects into appropriate exit passages for accepted or rejected objects. The inspected objects are advantageously fed in a singular manner to the staging means and routing means. The inspection system is advantageously used in an enclosure when toxic or hazardous materials are being inspected. 10 figs.

Moore, F.W.

1985-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

12

Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Applied Optics PH454  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Devices Applied Optics PH454 Spring 2008 Kaliq Mansor #12;Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Devices The Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Device (EMCCD. EMCCD Technology: Electron Multiplication of the CCD image is performed directly on the CCD chip itself

La Rosa, Andres H.

13

Gregorian optical system with non-linear optical technology for protection against intense optical transients  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical system comprising a concave primary mirror reflects light through an intermediate focus to a secondary mirror. The secondary mirror re-focuses the image to a final image plane. Optical limiter material is placed near the intermediate focus to optically limit the intensity of light so that downstream components of the optical system are protected from intense optical transients. Additional lenses before and/or after the intermediate focus correct optical aberrations.

Ackermann, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Diels, Jean-Claude M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

14

The Applied Mathematics for Power Systems (AMPS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increased deployment of new technologies, e.g., renewable generation and electric vehicles, is rapidly transforming electrical power networks by crossing previously distinct spatiotemporal scales and invalidating many traditional approaches for designing, analyzing, and operating power grids. This trend is expected to accelerate over the coming years, bringing the disruptive challenge of complexity, but also opportunities to deliver unprecedented efficiency and reliability. Our Applied Mathematics for Power Systems (AMPS) Center will discover, enable, and solve emerging mathematics challenges arising in power systems and, more generally, in complex engineered networks. We will develop foundational applied mathematics resulting in rigorous algorithms and simulation toolboxes for modern and future engineered networks. The AMPS Center deconstruction/reconstruction approach 'deconstructs' complex networks into sub-problems within non-separable spatiotemporal scales, a missing step in 20th century modeling of engineered networks. These sub-problems are addressed within the appropriate AMPS foundational pillar - complex systems, control theory, and optimization theory - and merged or 'reconstructed' at their boundaries into more general mathematical descriptions of complex engineered networks where important new questions are formulated and attacked. These two steps, iterated multiple times, will bridge the growing chasm between the legacy power grid and its future as a complex engineered network.

Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

15

Nano-optics with single quantum systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...April 2004 research-article Theme Issue Nano-optics and near-field microscopy compiled by David Richards and Anatoly Zayats Nano-optics with single quantum systems This...fluorescent molecules, as local probes for nano-optical field distributions. We start...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Roadmap: Applied Engineering Manufacturing Systems Bachelor of Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roadmap: Applied Engineering ­ Manufacturing Systems ­ Bachelor of Science [AT 15000 Introduction to Human Communication 3 Fulfills Kent Core Additional Kent Core Requirement 3 See #12;Roadmap: Applied Engineering ­ Manufacturing Systems ­ Bachelor of Science [AT

Sheridan, Scott

17

Applying Innovation System Concept in Agricultural Research for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applying Innovation System Concept in Agricultural Research for Applying Innovation System Concept in Agricultural Research for Development: A learning module Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Applying Innovation System Concept in Agricultural Research for Development: A learning module Agency/Company /Organization: International Livestock Research Institute Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Training materials Website: mahider.ilri.org/bitstream/10568/167/1/Innovation_System_Agric_LM.pdf Applying Innovation System Concept in Agricultural Research for Development: A learning module Screenshot References: Applying Innovation System Concept in Agricultural Research for Development: A learning module[1] Preface "Sustained agricultural growth requires, among others, increased

18

Optical Signal Processing in All-Optical Packet Routing Systems S. J. Ben Yoo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Signal Processing in All-Optical Packet Routing Systems S. J. Ben Yoo Department@ece.ucdavis.edu, Abstract: This paper discusses important signal processing functions in all-optical packet routing systems. We will pay special attention to all-optical time-to-live, optical performance monitoring, optical

Kolner, Brian H.

19

Optical panel system including stackable waveguides  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical panel system including stackable waveguides is provided. The optical panel system displays a projected light image and comprises a plurality of planar optical waveguides in a stacked state. The optical panel system further comprises a support system that aligns and supports the waveguides in the stacked state. In one embodiment, the support system comprises at least one rod, wherein each waveguide contains at least one hole, and wherein each rod is positioned through a corresponding hole in each waveguide. In another embodiment, the support system comprises at least two opposing edge structures having the waveguides positioned therebetween, wherein each opposing edge structure contains a mating surface, wherein opposite edges of each waveguide contain mating surfaces which are complementary to the mating surfaces of the opposing edge structures, and wherein each mating surface of the opposing edge structures engages a corresponding complementary mating surface of the opposite edges of each waveguide.

DeSanto, Leonard (Dunkirk, MD); Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

20

ELEC4705 Fall 2009 Optical Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lecture 17. Optical Systems 1 17.1. Whats wrong with electrical transmission? 4 17.2. Electrons vs and electrical transmission properties. Table 1. Electrical vs Optical transmission Electrical Transmission with electrical transmission? · The maximum rate of information transfer is limited by the number of bits per

Smy, Tom

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Pipeline rehabilitation using field applied tape systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bare steel pipelines were first installed years before the turn of the century. Pipeline operators soon realized the lie of bare steel could be greatly enhanced by applying coatings. Thus began ``pipeline rehabilitation.`` Many of the older pipelines were exposed, evaluated, coated and returned to service. This procedure has reached new heights in recent years as coated pipelines of the twentieth century, having lived past their original design life, are now subject to coating failure. Many operator companies with pipelines thirty years or older are faced with ``replace or recondition.`` Considering the emphasis on cost restraints and environmental issues, replacing an existing pipeline is often not the best decision. Rehabilitation is a preferred solution for many operators.

Reeves, C.R. [Tapecoat Co., Evanston, IL (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

Applied Materials Switzerland SA Formerly HCT Shaping Systems SA | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Switzerland SA Formerly HCT Shaping Systems SA Switzerland SA Formerly HCT Shaping Systems SA Jump to: navigation, search Name Applied Materials Switzerland SA (Formerly HCT Shaping Systems SA) Place Chezeaux, Switzerland Zip 1033 Product Manufacturer of wire saws for the semiconductor and photovoltaic wafer slicing industries. References Applied Materials Switzerland SA (Formerly HCT Shaping Systems SA)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Applied Materials Switzerland SA (Formerly HCT Shaping Systems SA) is a company located in Chezeaux, Switzerland . References ↑ "[ Applied Materials Switzerland SA (Formerly HCT Shaping Systems SA)]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Applied_Materials_Switzerland_SA_Formerly_HCT_Shaping_Systems_SA&oldid=342245"

23

Integrated optical biosensor system (IOBS)  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical biosensor has a first enclosure with a pathogen recognition surface, including a planar optical waveguide and grating located in the first enclosure. An aperture is in the first enclosure for insertion of sample to be investigated to a position in close proximity to the pathogen recognition surface. A laser in the first enclosure includes means for aligning and means for modulating the laser, the laser having its light output directed toward said grating. Detection means are located in the first enclosure and in optical communication with the pathogen recognition surface for detecting pathogens after interrogation by the laser light and outputting the detection. Electronic means is located in the first enclosure and receives the detection for processing the detection and outputting information on the detection, and an electrical power supply is located in the first enclosure for supplying power to the laser, the detection means and the electronic means.

Grace, Karen M. (Los Alamos, NM); Sweet, Martin R. (Los Alamos, NM); Goeller, Roy M. (Los Alamos, NM); Morrison, Leland Jean (White Rock, NM); Grace, Wynne Kevin (Los Alamos, NM); Kolar, Jerome D. (Los Alamos, NM)

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

24

Optics and multilayer coatings for EUVL systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

EUV lithography (EUVL) employs illumination wavelengths around 13.5 nm, and in many aspects it is considered an extension of optical lithography, which is used for the high-volume manufacturing (HVM) of today's microprocessors. The EUV wavelength of illumination dictates the use of reflective optical elements (mirrors) as opposed to the refractive lenses used in conventional lithographic systems. Thus, EUVL tools are based on all-reflective concepts: they use multilayer (ML) coated optics for their illumination and projection systems, and they have a ML-coated reflective mask.

Soufli, R; Bajt, S; Hudyma, R M; Taylor, J S

2008-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

25

Roadmap: Mechanical Engineering Technology Systems Associate of Applied Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roadmap: Mechanical Engineering Technology ­ Systems ­ Associate of Applied Science [RE Overall GPA 70 2.000 2.000 #12;Roadmap: Mechanical Engineering Technology ­ Systems ­ Associate of Applied-AAS-MERT-SYST] Regional College Catalog Year: 2012-2013 Page 1 of 2 | Last Updated: 27-Sept-12/JS This roadmap

Sheridan, Scott

26

Soft computing systems applied to PWR's xenon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present work intends to introduce a soft computing technique as an effective and robust tool available to deal with nuclear engineering problems. This goal is reached by the presentation of an application: a genetic programming system (GP) able to automatically design a controller for the axial xenon oscillations in a pressurized water reactors (PWRs). The axial xenon oscillations control methodology is based on three axial offsets: the xenon axial offset (AOx), the iodine axial offset (AOi) and the neutron flux axial offset (AOf), effectively used in former work. Simulations were made using a two-point xenon oscillation model which employs the non-linear xenon and iodine balance equations and the one group, one-dimensional neutron diffusion equation, with non-linear power reactivity feedback, also proposed in the literature. Obtained results showed the ability of the GP in finding a strategy which can effectively control the axial xenon oscillations.

Roberto P. Domingos; Roberto Schirru; Aquilino Senra Martinez

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Thermal diffusivity measurement system applied to polymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the search for cleaner energy sources the improvement of the efficiency of the actual ones appears as a primary objective. In this way thermoelectric materials which are able to convert wasted heat into electricity are reveal as an interesting way to improve efficiency of car engines for example. Cost-effective energy harvesting from thermoelectric devices requires materials with high electrical conductivities and Seebeck coefficient but low thermal conductivity. Conductive polymers can fulfil these conditions if they are doped appropriately. One of the most promising polymers is Polyaniline. In this work the thermal conductivity of the polyaniline and mixtures of polyaniline with nanoclays has been studied using a new experimental set-up developed in the lab. The novel system is based on the steady-state method and it is used to obtain the thermal diffusivity of the polymers and the nanocomposites.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Indoor experiment of BER performance of optical CDMA system using optical ZCZ code  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The optical ZCZ code, which is a set of pairs of binary and bi-phase sequences with zero correlation zone, can provide optical code division multiple access (CDMA) communication system without co-channel interference. We proposed the compact construction ... Keywords: CDMA system, optical ZCZ code, optical wireless communication, shifting of optical axis

Takahiro Matsumoto; Yu Suwaki; Shinya Matsufuji

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Characterization of Fiber Optic CMM Probe System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents a study completed on the fiber optic probe system that is a part of the Werth optical CMM. This study was necessary due to a lack of documentation from the vendor for the proper use and calibration of the fiber probe, and was performed in support of the Lithographie Galvanoformung Abformung (LIGA) development program at the FM&T. As a result of this study, a better understanding of the fiber optic probe has been developed, including guidelines for its proper use and calibration.

K.W.Swallow

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

30

A low cost adaptive optics system using a membrane mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A low cost adaptive optics system constructed almost entirely of commercially available components is presented.

Paterson, Carl; Munro, I; Dainty, J

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Energy transport in optical systems with partially coherent light  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The propagation of a generalized radiance through optical systems is considered under the customary assumptions of physical optics (paraxial propagation in a uniform medium and...

Friberg, Ari T

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

VXIbus based optical transducer evaluation system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) recently undertook an investigation into using new fiber optic based Potential Transducers and Current Transducers (PT and CT) in their power system. This paper describes the Data Acquisition System (DAS) and associated hardware developed to gather information on the Optical devices performance in the field. Bonneville currently uses PT and CT devices based on magnetic principles that have been in operation for over 40 years. Some disadvantages in the current magnetic devices include their large size, the internal usage of oils some of which are hazardous PCBs, a requirement for connection to instrumentation through substation analog connections, and occasional explosive breakdowns which can injure workers. The main advantage to this technology is a well proven operational history. A few manufacturers have recently developed PT and CT devices based on fiber optics which solve many of the problems associated with the magnetic devices. They are lightweight, use no oils, and are connected to instrumentation through non conductive fiber optics. However, they are new technology, and have seen limited practical application. The BPA Laboratory Services first tested the performance of the optical devices selected for this test in the controlled environment of the laboratory. They were energized from well characterized sources and the output parameters such as accuracy, drift, and noise floor were measured with standard rack type test instrumentation. Once fully tested and calibrated in the laboratory, the optical devices were then installed at Keeler substation in Hillsboro Oregon on a 500KV bus to be evaluated in real world conditions. The optical transducers were connected to standard BPA meters and relays for this test. Some of the meters were modified to accept the low voltage outputs of the optical devices.

Tillett, J. [Bonneville Power Administration, Vancouver, WA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

Injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator and system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical parametric oscillators (OPO) and systems are provided. The OPO has a non-linear optical material located between two optical elements where the product of the reflection coefficients of the optical elements are higher at the output wavelength than at either the pump or idler wavelength. The OPO output may be amplified using an additional optical parametric amplifier (OPA) stage.

Lucht, Robert P. (West Lafayette, IN); Kulatilaka, Waruna D. (West Lafayette, IN); Anderson, Thomas N. (Seguin, TX); Bougher, Thomas L. (Dublin, OH)

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

34

Optical Blade Position Tracking System Test  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Optical Blade Position Tracking System Test measures the blade deflection along the span of the blade using simple off-the-shelf infrared security cameras along with blade-mounted retro-reflective tape and video image processing hardware and software to obtain these measurements.

Fingersh, L. J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Birefringence insensitive optical coherence domain reflectometry system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A birefringence insensitive fiber optic optical coherence domain reflectometry (OCDR) system is provided containing non-polarization maintaining (non-PM) fiber in the sample arm and the reference arm without suffering from signal degradation caused by birefringence. The use of non-PM fiber significantly reduces the cost of the OCDR system and provides a disposable or multiplexed section of the sample arm. The dispersion in the reference arm and sample arm of the OCDR system are matched to achieve high resolution imaging. This system is useful in medical applications or for non-medical in situ probes. The disposable section of non-PM fiber in the sample arm can be conveniently replaced when contaminated by a sample or a patient.

Everett, Matthew J. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Joseph G. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Fiber coupled optical spark delivery system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, the spark delivery system including a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. In addition, the laser delivery assembly includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. In accordance with embodiments of the present invention, the assembly may be used to create a spark in a combustion engine. In accordance with other embodiments of the present invention, a method of using the spark delivery system is provided. In addition, a method of choosing an appropriate fiber for creating a spark using a laser beam is also presented.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

37

Fiber laser coupled optical spark delivery system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO); Joshi, Sachin (Fort Collins, CO); Reynolds, Adam (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

38

Generative Design Systems Applied to Low-Energy Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Generative Design Systems Applied to Low-Energy Buildings Generative Design Systems Applied to Low-Energy Buildings Speaker(s): Maria Luisa de Oliveira Gama Caldas Date: March 15, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Paul Mathew Generative Design Systems (GDS) represent a step beyond parametric models, integrating design goals, building simulations and shape generation. In this seminar, present and future research projects on the application of different GDS to low-energy buildings are discussed. The software GENE_ARCH integrates energy simulations with multicriteria search methods such as pareto genetic algorithms, to locate acceptable alternatives that move the current design towards performance goals set by the user. DIVA, a system that integrates parametric geometrical modeling with Radiance, Daysim and

39

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Logo: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis Name International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis Address Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Place Laxenburg, Austria Number of employees 201-500 Year founded 1972 Phone number (+43 2236) 807 0 Coordinates 48.0682549°, 16.358201° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.0682549,"lon":16.358201,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

40

Optical fiber imaging for high speed plasma motion diagnostics: Applied to low voltage circuit breakers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An integrated portable measurement system is described for the study of high speed and high temperature unsteady plasma flows such as those found in the vicinity of high current switching arcs. An array of optical fibers allows the formation of low spatial resolution images, with a maximum capture rate of 1x10{sup 6} images per second (1 MHz), with 8 bit intensity resolution. Novel software techniques are reported to allow imaging of the arc; and to measure arc trajectories. Results are presented on high current (2 kA) discharge events in a model test fixture and on the application to a commercial low voltage circuit breaker.

McBride, J. W. [School of Engineering Sciences, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Balestrero, A.; Tribulato, G. [ABB SACE DIVISION, ABB S.p.A., Via Baioni, Bergamo 35 IT-24123 (Italy); Ghezzi, L. [ABB SACE DIVISION, ABB S.p.A., Viale dell'Industria, Vittuone (MI)18 IT-20010 (Italy); Cross, K. J. [Taicaan Ltd., 2 Venture Road, Southampton Science Park, Southampton, Hampshire SO16 7NP (United Kingdom)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Optical system for high-speed Atomic Force Microscope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the design and development of an optical cantilever deflection sensor for a high speed Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). This optical sensing system is able to track a small cantilever while the X-Y scanner ...

Lim, Kwang Yong, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Integrated optical switching using titanium nitride micro electromechanical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis reports an integrated optical wavelength specific switching device for applications in optical integrated circuits (OICs) based on micro electromechanical systems (MEMS). The device consists of a ring resonator ...

Takahashi, Satoshi, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

System for Detection of Small Inclusions in Large Optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presence of defects in optical materials can lead to bulk damage or downstream modulation and subsequent surface damage in high fluence laser systems. An inclusion detection system has been developed by the National Ignition Facility Optics Metrology Group. The system detects small inclusions in optical materials with increased sensitivity and speed over previous methods. The system has detected all known inclusions and defects and has detected previously undetected defects smaller than 5 microns.

Wolfe, J E; Runkel, M J

2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

44

Systems having optical absorption layer for mid and long wave infrared and methods for making the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical system according to one embodiment includes a substrate; and an optical absorption layer coupled to the substrate, wherein the optical absorption layer comprises a layer of diamond-like carbon, wherein the optical absorption layer absorbs at least 50% of mid wave infrared light (3-5 .mu.m wavelength) and at least 50% of long wave infrared light (8-13 .mu.m wavelength). A method for applying an optical absorption layer to an optical system according to another embodiment includes depositing a layer of diamond-like carbon of an optical absorption layer above a substrate using plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition, wherein the optical absorption layer absorbs at least 50% of mid wave infrared light (3-5 .mu.m wavelength) and at least 50% of long wave infrared light (8-13 .mu.m wavelength). Additional systems and methods are also presented.

Kuzmenko, Paul J

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

APPLIED PHYSICS APPLIED PHYSICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MSc APPLIED PHYSICS #12;MSc APPLIED PHYSICS This taught Masters course is based on the strong research in Applied Physics in the University's Department of Physics. The department has an impressive photonics and quantum optics, Physics and the Life Sciences, and solid state physics. The knowledge gained

Mottram, Nigel

46

Optical Counterparts to Damped Lyman Alpha Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Previously we have shown (Maller et al, 1998) that the kinematics of Damped Lyman Alpha Systems (DLAS) as measured by Prochaska and Wolfe (1998) can be reproduced in a multiple disk model (MDM) if the gaseous disks are of sufficient radial extent. Here we discuss this model's predictions for the relationship between DLAS and Lyman break galaxies (LBGs), which we here take to be objects at z~3 brighter than R=25.5. We expect that future observations of the correlations between DLAS and LBGs will provide a new data set able to discriminate between different theoretical models of the DLAS. Djorgovski (1997) has already detected a few optical counterparts and more studies are underway.

Ariyeh H. Maller; Jason X. Prochaska; Rachel S. Somerville; Joel R. Primack

2000-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

47

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7 (2005) S241S243 doi:10.1088/1464-4258/7/2/032  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS J. Opt. A: Pure Appl of an optical nonlinearity in a nanoparticle film V A Fedotov, K F MacDonald and N I Zheludev School of Physics for publication 5 August 2004 Published 20 January 2005 Online at stacks.iop.org/JOptA/7/S241 Abstract Optical

Zheludev, Nikolay

48

Compensation for the self-steepening effects in optical fiber communication system using midway optical phase conjugation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effects of self-steepening (SS) of chirped Gaussian pulses on optical fiber communication system using midway optical phase conjugation (OPC) are analyzed. Dynamic evolution of the...

Bu, Yang; Wang, Xiangzhao

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

OPTICS5  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optics5 (5.1.02) Knowledge Base Optics5 (5.1.02) Knowledge Base Last Updated: 09/11/13 Table of Contents INSTALLATION EXECUTION bullet ** Operating Systems -- Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista ** bullet ** Running Optics5 with Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista ** bullet ** Running Optics5 with Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista 64 bit ** Optics5 may not work correctly with regional/locale settings using "," as a decimal separator. bullet Which Windows operating systems can be used to run Optics? "Class Does Not Support Automation or Expected Interface" error message bullet How much hard disk space should be available to install Optics? Optics user manual bullet I receive a virus warning (nimda-virus) when installing Optics. What should I do? NFRC Procedure for Applied Films bullet I have installed Optics but I can't find the program or the icon.

50

The Multi Optical Transition Radiation System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The determination and monitoring of the transverse phase space in ATF2 is crucial in order to meet their performances specifications. Since the beam sizes at the Interaction Point (IP) depend strongly on the aberrations in the Final Focus System (FFS), accurate measurement upstream of the FFS is required to tune the beam sizes at the IP. The beam sizes as well as the emittance are measured in several locations in the beam diagnostic section of the Extraction Line (EXT line) of ATF2. The vertical beam sizes in the diagnostic section are of the order of 10 {mu}m this means that the devices have to image spot sizes as small as 5 {mu}m, with 10% accuracy a 2 {mu}m resolution device is necessary. The ATF2 EXT line is a beam line with low power and low repetition rate that make usable devices using solid targets. In contrast to a ring machine, where an individual bunch can be measured many times as it passes around the ring, the beam size and the emittance measurement in the LC or in the beam lines have to be performed in a single pass. This requires that the wire scan device types (laser or solid) sample across successive bunches within a train, often with an over-estimation of the beam size due to beam position and intensity jitter, and can take up to half a minute to complete the measurement. Although some of these effects could be corrected, as the jitter effect could be subtracted by using the nearby BPMs signals, this can be avoided by using Optical Transition Radiation (OTR) Monitors. These monitors are based on the transition radiation effect, a light cone emitted when the charged particle crosses a metallic interface. This light is emitted in a specular fashion so it can be focused on to a CCD and produces an image of the beam. OTRs are able to take many fast measurements and therefore to measure the emittance with high statistics, giving a low error and a good understanding of the emittance jitter. In this article, simulations of the expected beam sizes and emittance, along with a technical description of the system, its hardware and software implementation are described. Additionally first measurement of the beam size and emittance of the Multi Optical Transition Radiation System located in the Extraction Line of ATF2 are presented.

Faus-Golfe, A.; Alabau-Gonzalvo, J.; Blanch Gutierrez, C.; /Valencia U., IFIC; McCormick, D.; Cruz, J.; Woodley, M.; White, G.; /SLAC

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

51

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied optics poland Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vol. 37 (2006) ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA B No 3 SEARCH FOR OPTICAL COUNTERPARTS OF GAMMA RAY BURSTS M... . Uzyckib G. Wrochnae a Institute of Experimental Physics, Warsaw...

52

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied optics warsaw Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vol. 37 (2006) ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA B No 3 SEARCH FOR OPTICAL COUNTERPARTS OF GAMMA RAY BURSTS M... . Uzyckib G. Wrochnae a Institute of Experimental Physics, Warsaw...

53

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied diffractive optics Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of two multiple-part question: one covering physical optics, and one covering optoelectronics... . The material covered can be found in two graduate-level text books: ...

54

Optical systems fabricated by printing-based assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Provided are optical devices and systems fabricated, at least in part, via printing-based assembly and integration of device components. In specific embodiments the present invention provides light emitting systems, light collecting systems, light sensing systems and photovoltaic systems comprising printable semiconductor elements, including large area, high performance macroelectronic devices. Optical systems of the present invention comprise semiconductor elements assembled, organized and/or integrated with other device components via printing techniques that exhibit performance characteristics and functionality comparable to single crystalline semiconductor based devices fabricated using conventional high temperature processing methods. Optical systems of the present invention have device geometries and configurations, such as form factors, component densities, and component positions, accessed by printing that provide a range of useful device functionalities. Optical systems of the present invention include devices and device arrays exhibiting a range of useful physical and mechanical properties including flexibility, shapeability, conformability and stretchablity.

Rogers, John; Nuzzo, Ralph; Meitl, Matthew; Menard, Etienne; Baca, Alfred J; Motala, Michael; Ahn, Jong-Hyun; Park, Sang-Il; Yu, Chang-Jae; Ko, Heung Cho; Stoykovich, Mark; Yoon, Jongseung

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

55

Power selective optical filter devices and optical systems using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In an embodiment, a power selective optical filter device includes an input polarizer for selectively transmitting an input signal. The device includes a wave-plate structure positioned to receive the input signal, which includes at least one substantially zero-order, zero-wave plate. The zero-order, zero-wave plate is configured to alter a polarization state of the input signal passing in a manner that depends on the power of the input signal. The zero-order, zero-wave plate includes an entry and exit wave plate each having a fast axis, with the fast axes oriented substantially perpendicular to each other. Each entry wave plate is oriented relative to a transmission axis of the input polarizer at a respective angle. An output polarizer is positioned to receive a signal output from the wave-plate structure and selectively transmits the signal based on the polarization state.

Koplow, Jeffrey P

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

56

Optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optical components such as lenses, mirrors and diffraction gratings are widely used in many inspection systems. These include not only those for visual inspection with CCD cameras, but also in areas of distanc...

C. Loughlin

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Fiber Optic Evanescent Field Sensor for Hydrocarbon Monitoring in Air and Water applying UV Absorption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fiber optic sensor for the monitoring of organic pollutants in air and water is presented. The UV absorption spectra of hydrocarbon soluble in special polymer fiber claddings are...

Schwotzer, G; Latka, I; Lehmann, H; Willsch, R

58

Transmission of the size of units of quantities and verification conditions as applied to measurement systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The meaning of transmission of the size of units of quantities and verification conditions applied to measurement systems is considered.

A. A. Danilov

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Optical waveguide solar energy system for lunar material processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the study on the optical waveguide (OW) solar energy system for lunar material processing. In the OW solar energy system, solar radiation is collected by the concentrator which transfers the concentrated solar radiation to the OW transmission line consisting of low-loss optical fibers and related optical components. The OW line transmits the high intensity solar radiation to the thermal reactor of the lunar materials processing plant. Based on the results discussed in this paper the authors conclude that the OW solar energy system is a viable concept which can effectively utilize solar energy for lunar material processing.

Nakamura, T.; Senior, C.L. [Physical Sciences, Inc., Andover, MA (United States); Shoji, J.M.; Waldron, R.D. [Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Division

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Note: Folded optical system for narrow forward looking probe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An optical system is described in which a laser beam makes three passes through a single graded index lens, forming a focus along the optic axis. It has important applications in endoscopic probes, where the forward looking characteristic permits the avoidance of obstacles and the narrow structure makes it minimally invasive.

Hou, Hsuan-Chao; Hah, Dooyoung; Kim, Jeonghwan; Feldman, M., E-mail: mfeldm1@lsu.edu [Division of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Optical fiducial timing system for X-ray streak cameras with aluminum coated optical fiber ends  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical fiducial timing system is provided for use with interdependent groups of X-ray streak cameras (18). The aluminum coated (80) ends of optical fibers (78) are positioned with the photocathodes (20, 60, 70) of the X-ray streak cameras (18). The other ends of the optical fibers (78) are placed together in a bundled array (90). A fiducial optical signal (96), that is comprised of 2.omega. or 1.omega. laser light, after introduction to the bundled array (90), travels to the aluminum coated (82) optical fiber ends and ejects quantities of electrons (84) that are recorded on the data recording media (52) of the X-ray streak cameras (18). Since both 2.omega. and 1.omega. laser light can travel long distances in optical fiber with only a slight attenuation, the initial arial power density of the fiducial optical signal (96) is well below the damage threshold of the fused silica or other material that comprises the optical fibers (78, 90). Thus the fiducial timing system can be repeatably used over long durations of time.

Nilson, David G. (Oakland, CA); Campbell, E. Michael (Pleasanton, CA); MacGowan, Brian J. (Livermore, CA); Medecki, Hector (Livermore, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

The Center for X-ray Optics - Now hiring engineers. Apply Today.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Database Nanomagnetism X-Ray Microscopy EUV Lithography EUV Mask Database Nanomagnetism X-Ray Microscopy EUV Lithography EUV Mask Imaging Reflectometry Zoneplate Lenses Coherent Optics Nanofabrication Optical Coatings Engineering Education Careers Publications Contact LBNL-Logo The Center for X-Ray Optics is a multi-disciplined research group within Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (LBNL) Materials Sciences Division (MSD). Notice to users. Precision Engineering Building the tools that make nanoscience possible. A high-precision stage fabricated by CXRO's Instrument Fabrication Facility Zone plates Diffractive lenses for a new generation of x-ray beamlines. SEM image of a zoneplate fabricated by CXRO Interferometry Wavefront control with sub-angstrom sensitivity Null interferogram, in preparation for EUV metrology of the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET)

63

An economical optical system design using phase diversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The resolution of an incoherent imaging system is olden limited aberrations. Phase aberrations by phase arise from a variety of sources including atmospheric turbulence, misaligned optical and improper mirror figure. Knowledge of phase aberrations...

Thosani, Samir C.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

64

Optical design of organic solar cell with hybrid plasmonic system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a novel optical design of organic solar cell with a hybrid plasmonic system, which comprises a plasmonic cavity coupled with a dielectric core-metal shell nanosphere. From a...

Sha, Wei E I; Choy, Wallace C H; Chen, Yongpin P; Chew, Weng Cho

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Quantum Coherence Effects in Novel Quantum Optical Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical response of an active medium can substantially be modified when coherent superpositions of states are excited, that is, when systems display quantum coherence and interference. This has led to fascinating applications in atomic and molecular...

Sete, Eyob Alebachew

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

66

Enhanced Optical Effects from Excitons in Multi-Chromophore Systems...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enhanced Optical Effects from Excitons in Multi-Chromophore Systems February 7, 2013 at 3pm36-428 Ted Goodson Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan goodson002000...

67

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 3 (2001) S103S120 PII: S1464-4258(01)27690-9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 3 (2001) S103­S120 PII: S1464-4258(01)27690-9 Photonic bandgap materials: towards an all-optical September 2001 Published 26 October 2001 Online at stacks.iop.org/JOptA/3/S103 Abstract We describe all-optical

John, Sajeev

68

System for generating shaped optical pulses and measuring optical pulses using spectral beam deflection (SBD)  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A temporally shaped or modified optical output pulse is generated from a bandwidth-encoded optical input pulse in a system in which the input pulse is in the form of a beam which is spectrally spread into components contained within the bandwidth, followed by deflection of the spectrally spread beam (SBD) thereby spatially mapping the components in correspondence with the temporal input pulse profile in the focal plane of a lens, and by spatially selective attenuation of selected components in that focal plane. The shaped or modified optical output pulse is then reconstructed from the attenuated spectral components. The pulse-shaping system is particularly useful for generating optical pulses of selected temporal shape over a wide range of pulse duration, such pulses finding application in the fields of optical communication, optical recording and data storage, atomic and molecular spectroscopy and laser fusion. An optical streak camera is also provided which uses SBD to display the beam intensity in the focal plane as a function of time during the input pulse. 10 figures.

Skupsky, S.; Kessler, T.J.; Letzring, S.A.

1993-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

69

Equipment pressure applied to geomembrane in composite liner system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presents the results of a test pad at an operating municipal solid waste landfill that measured pressures at most landfill sites. In particular, a dozer is usually used to place the leachate collection the results of a test pad at an operating landfill used to measure the pressures applied to the primary

70

A Comparison of Two Prototype Laser-Optical Firing Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design and characterization of small, ruggedized laser-optical subsystems is required for the continued development of robust laser-optical firing systems. Typically, these subsystems must be capable of generating the needed laser optical energy, delivering that energy via fiber-optical cables while taking up occupying a volume as small as possible. A novel beam splitting and fiber injection scheme has been proposed which utilizes two diffractive optical components. These components were utilized to reduce the volume of a previously designed system. A laser-optical prototype system was assembled and tested which utilized this beam splitting and fiber injection scheme along other modifications to the laser module and the power supply. This prototype was based on earlier designs that utilized environmentally proven opto-mechanical sub-assemblies. The system was tested to characterize the laser performance, the splitter-coupler transmission efficiency, channel-to-channel energy balance and fiber interchangeability. The results obtained for this design will be compared to the performance of a prototype system based on a more traditional beam splitting and fiber injection scheme. The traditional design utilized partially reflecting mirrors for beam splitting and plano-convex lenses for fiber injection. These results will be discussed as will their ultimate impact on future designs and packaging strategies.

Gregg L. Morelli; Michelle R. Bright

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

71

Layer of protection analysis applied to ammonia refrigeration systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ammonia refrigeration systems are widely used in industry. Demand of these systems is expected to increase due to the advantages of ammonia as refrigerant and because ammonia is considered a green refrigerant. Therefore, it is important to evaluate...

Zuniga, Gerald Alexander

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

Solar integration: applying hybrid photovoltaic/thermal systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??On-site energy production is becoming increasingly prevalent in building systems design with a renewed public awareness of sustainability, decreased energy resources, and an increase in (more)

Williams, Kristen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

OPTICS 5  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OPTICS (Version 5.1.02) OPTICS (Version 5.1.02) Release notes NOTE: See the Optics Knowledge Base for how to run this version of Optics on the Microsoft Vista and Microsoft Windows 7 operating systems March 5, 2003: Release Maintenance Pack 2 New ! January 7, 2003: Release Maintenance Pack 1 October 23, 2002: Release Optics 5.1.01 September 27, 2002: Release Optics 5.1.00 (only released on CDs at NFRC Annual Fall Meeting) Release notes Maintenance Pack 2 Bug fixes: New features: bullet Applied films that were created could not be saved or exported. This has been fixed. bullet Exporting glazing systems generated a message that the operation failed because the glazing system type is unknown. Glazing systems can now be exported to file (e.g. to view the spectral data), but the structure information will be lost.

74

System and method for ultrafast optical signal detecting via a synchronously coupled anamorphic light pulse encoded laterally  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In one general embodiment, a method for ultrafast optical signal detecting is provided. In operation, a first optical input signal is propagated through a first wave guiding layer of a waveguide. Additionally, a second optical input signal is propagated through a second wave guiding layer of the waveguide. Furthermore, an optical control signal is applied to a top of the waveguide, the optical control signal being oriented diagonally relative to the top of the waveguide such that the application is used to influence at least a portion of the first optical input signal propagating through the first wave guiding layer of the waveguide. In addition, the first and the second optical input signals output from the waveguide are combined. Further, the combined optical signals output from the waveguide are detected. In another general embodiment, a system for ultrafast optical signal recording is provided comprising a waveguide including a plurality of wave guiding layers, an optical control source positioned to propagate an optical control signal towards the waveguide in a diagonal orientation relative to a top of the waveguide, at least one optical input source positioned to input an optical input signal into at least a first and a second wave guiding layer of the waveguide, and a detector for detecting at least one interference pattern output from the waveguide, where at least one of the interference patterns results from a combination of the optical input signals input into the first and the second wave guiding layer. Furthermore, propagation of the optical control signal is used to influence at least a portion of the optical input signal propagating through the first wave guiding layer of the waveguide.

Heebner, John E. (Livermore, CA)

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

75

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied self-organizing systems Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environmental Sciences and Ecology 9 A Study of Self-Organization Mechanisms in Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks Summary: and apply these ideas to technical systems. Especially...

76

INVESTIGATION OF SYSTEM DYNAMICS APPLIED TO BUILDING SIMULATION FOR ANTI-TERRORISM RESOURCE ALLOCATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATION OF SYSTEM DYNAMICS APPLIED TO BUILDING SIMULATION FOR ANTI-TERRORISM RESOURCE ............................................................................. 26 2.8 Terrorism-Resistant Design

Bank, Lawrence C.

77

E-Print Network 3.0 - active optical system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS Summary: .Lastname@esisar.inpg.fr Keywords : Optoelectronic devices, optical signals, communication systems, modeling, simulation, CAD... ....

78

Instrumentation & control architecture applied for a hydrogen isotopes storage system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The properties of hydrogen storage used materials refers to their ability to high "connect" hydrogen, to have a large storage capacity, to be easily achievable and, if necessary, to allow its easy recovery. The metals and intermetallic compounds are ... Keywords: architecture, control system, hydrogen, isotopes, storage

Eusebiu Ilarian Ionete; Bogdan Monea

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Applying logistic regression to relevance feedback in image retrieval systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the problem of image retrieval from large image databases. A particularly interesting problem is the retrieval of all images which are similar to one in the user's mind, taking into account his/her feedback which is expressed as ... Keywords: Content-based image retrieval systems, Logistic regression, Low-level image descriptors, Visual information retrieval

T. Len; P. Zuccarello; G. Ayala; E. de Ves; J. Domingo

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Method and system for high power reflective optical elements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of repairing damage in an optical element includes providing a laser system including at least one optical element having a coating layer having an incident light surface and directing a laser pulse from the laser system to impinge on the incident light surface. The method also includes sustaining damage to a portion of the incident light surface and melting the damaged portion of the incident light surface and a region adjacent to the damaged portion. The method further includes flowing material from the region adjacent the damaged portion to the damaged portion and solidifying the material in the damaged portion and the region adjacent to the damaged portion.

Demos, Stavros G.; Rubenchik, Alexander M.; Negres, Raluca A.

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Differential evolution applied for reliability optimization of radial distribution systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a methodology for reliability enhancement of radial distribution system by determining optimal values of repair times and failure rates of each section. Penalty cost functions have been constructed as function of failure rates and repair times. Constraints on customer and energy based indices, i.e. SAIFI, SAIDI, CAIDI and AENS have been considered. The problem has been decomposed in two stages. One stage determines the optimum failure rates and second stage optimizes repair times satisfying constraints. A population based approach, i.e. differential evolution (DE) has been used as optimization technique. The algorithm has been implemented on a sample test system. Results obtained have been compared with those obtained using particle swarm optimization (PSO) and co-ordinated aggregation based particle swarm optimization techniques (CAPSO).

L.D. Arya; S.C. Choube; Rajesh Arya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

A DSP embedded optical naviagtion system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spacecraft missions such as spacecraft docking and formation flying require high precision relative position and attitude data. Although Global Positioining Systems can provide this capability near the earth, deep space missions require the use...

Gunnam, Kiran Kumar

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

83

Laser illuminator and optical system for disk patterning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic recording media are textured over areas designated for contact in order to minimize friction with data transducing heads. In fabricating a hard disk, an aluminum nickel-phosphorous substrate is polished to a specular finish. A mechanical means is then used to roughen an annular area intended to be the head contact band. An optical and mechanical system allows thousands of spots to be generated with each laser pulse, allowing the textured pattern to be rapidly generated with a low repetition rate laser and an uncomplicated mechanical system. The system uses a low power laser, a beam expander, a specially designed phase plate, a prism to deflect the beam, a lens to transmit the diffraction pattern to the far field, a mechanical means to rotate the pattern and a trigger system to fire the laser when sections of the pattern are precisely aligned. The system generates an annular segment of the desired pattern with which the total pattern is generated by rotating the optical system about its optic axis, sensing the rotational position and firing the laser as the annular segment rotates into the next appropriate position. This marking system can be integrated into a disk sputtering system for manufacturing magnetic disks, allowing for a very streamlined manufacturing process.

Hackel, L.A.; Dane, C.B.; Dixit, S.N.; Everett, M.; Honig, J.

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

84

Laser illuminator and optical system for disk patterning  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Magnetic recording media are textured over areas designated for contact in order to minimize friction with data transducing heads. In fabricating a hard disk, an aluminum nickel-phosphorous substrate is polished to a specular finish. A mechanical means is then used to roughen an annular area intended to be the head contact band. An optical and mechanical system allows thousands of spots to be generated with each laser pulse, allowing the textured pattern to be rapidly generated with a low repetition rate laser and an uncomplicated mechanical system. The system uses a low power laser, a beam expander, a specially designed phase plate, a prism to deflect the beam, a lens to transmit the diffraction pattern to the far field, a mechanical means to rotate the pattern and a trigger system to fire the laser when sections of the pattern are precisely aligned. The system generates an annular segment of the desired pattern with which the total pattern is generated by rotating the optical system about its optic axis, sensing the rotational position and firing the laser as the annular segment rotates into the next appropriate position. This marking system can be integrated into a disk sputtering system for manufacturing magnetic disks, allowing for a very streamlined manufacturing process.

Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA); Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Dixit, Shamasundar N. (Livermore, CA); Everett, Mathew (Pleasanton, CA); Honig, John (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Linearity and CNR Improvement Technologies against Optical Reflection inFiber-Oriented Wireless Access Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is important to consider optical reflection conditions when designing fiber-oriented wireless access systems around subcarrier optical transmission since the noise characteristic can be significantly degraded by optical reflection, especially ... Keywords: intensity noise, optical reflection, predistorter, subcarrier optical transmission, superimposed subcarrier modulation, superluminescent diode

Yuji Aburakawa; Hiroyuki Ohtsuka

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Global Climatology of Single-Layer and Overlapped Clouds and their Optical Properties Developed Using a New Algorithm Applied to Terra/MODIS Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Climatology of Single-Layer and Overlapped Global Climatology of Single-Layer and Overlapped Clouds and their Optical Properties Developed Using a New Algorithm Applied to Terra/MODIS Data F.-L. Chang and Z. Li Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Z. Li Department of Meteorology University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Introduction To date, weather satellites are the only tool to measure cloud and climate variables on a global scale, an objective addressed by the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) (Rossow and Schiffer 1991; Rossow and Schiffer 1999). However, there is a dearth of information concerning the global climatology of cloud vertical structure and cirrus cloud properties. This is because the often-used

87

Optical system for high resolution spectrometer/monochromator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical system for use in a spectrometer or monochromator employing a mirror which reflects electromagnetic radiation from a source to converge with same in a plane is disclosed. A straight grooved, varied-spaced diffraction grating receives the converging electromagnetic radiation from the mirror and produces a spectral image for capture by a detector, target or like receiver. 11 figs.

Hettrick, M.C.; Underwood, J.H.

1988-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

88

Diffraction analysis of rotationally symmetric optical systems using computer-generated aberration polynomials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A ray trace scheme for the automatic generation of optical aberration polynomials to arbitrary orders pioneered by T. B. Andersen is successfully applied to the diffraction analysis of...

Tam, S C; Lewis, G D W; Doric, S; Heshmaty-Manesh, D

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Multiparameter Fiber Optic Sensing System for Monitoring Enhanced  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Multiparameter Fiber Optic Sensing System for Monitoring Enhanced Multiparameter Fiber Optic Sensing System for Monitoring Enhanced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Multiparameter Fiber Optic Sensing System for Monitoring Enhanced Geothermal Systems Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and Development/Analysis Project Type / Topic 2 High-Temperature Downhole Tools Project Description The multidisciplinary team, consisting of participants from GE, Qorex LLC, AFL Telecommunications and Sandia National Labs, has a strong record of successful harsh environment sensor technology development and will design and validate the reliability of a suite of distributed temperature, strain, vibration and precision point pressure fiber-based sensors. During the first year, the program will demonstrate fiber and sensor subsystem reliability in the presence of hydrogen at 374°C and 220 bar, which is critical to acceptance of this technology in EGS. Based on these results, a go/no-go decision will be made to complete any remaining development and proceed to prototype a high temperature cable which integrates these subsystems onto a single tool string to facilitate field deployment.

90

Optical diagnostics integrated with laser spark delivery system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO); Joshi, Sachin (Fort Collins, CO); Reynolds, Adam (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

91

APPLIED BIOLOGY 360 ~ FOOD & ENVIRONMENT II (Agroecology II) Faculty of Land and Food Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: APBI 360 uses a systems approach to investigate the functions and interactions of plants and animals/ 204 pp Gliessman, S.R. 2007. Agroecology ­ The Ecology of Sustainable Food Systems. Second Edition1 APPLIED BIOLOGY 360 ~ FOOD & ENVIRONMENT II (Agroecology II) Faculty of Land and Food Systems

Farrell, Anthony P.

92

A scalable silicon photonic chip-scale optical switch for high performance computing systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scalable silicon photonic chip-scale optical switch for high performance computing systems-scale optical switch for scalable interconnect network in high performance computing systems. The proposed

Yoo, S. J. Ben

93

Modeling of multiple-optical-axis pattern-integrated interference lithography systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The image quality and collimation in a multiple-optical-axis pattern-integrated interference lithography system are evaluated for an elementary optical system composed of single-element lenses. Image quality (more)

Sedivy, Donald E.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Applied Materials Develops an Advanced Epitaxial Growth System to Bring Down LED Costs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

With the help of DOE funding, Applied Materials has developed an advanced epitaxial growth system for gallium nitride (GaN) LED devices that decreases operating costs, increases internal quantum efficiency, and improves binning yields.

95

Monte Carlo techniques of simulation applied to a single item inventory system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MONTE CARI, O TECHNIQUES OF SIMULATION APPLIED TO A SINGLE ITEM INVENTORY SYSTEM A Thesis By WILLIAM MURRAY ALDRED, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1965 Major SubJect: Computer Science MONTE CARLO TECHNIQUES OF SIMULATION APPLIED TO A SINGLE ITEM INVENTORY SYSTEM A Thesis By WILLIAM MURRAY ALDRED, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee (Head...

Aldred, William Murray

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

96

Microelectromechanical system assembled ion optics: An advance to miniaturization and assembly of electron and ion optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deep-reactive ion etching of n-doped silicon-on-insulator is utilized to make ion optical components to aid in the miniaturization of mass analyzers. The microelectromechanical system components are bound to aluminum nitride substrates and employed three-dimensional assembly. The assembly methods are tested for breakdown (V{sub b}), durability, and alignment. Demonstration of ion manipulation is shown with a 1 mm Bradbury-Nielsen gate, 500 {mu}m Einzel lens, 500 {mu}m coaxial ring ion trap, and reflectron optics. Data are presented showing the resolution, attenuation, and performance of each of these devices. We demonstrate advantages and disadvantages of this technology and its applications to mass analysis.

Fox, J.; Verbeck, G. [University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 (United States); Saini, R.; Tsui, K. [Zyvex, Richardson, Texas 75081 (United States)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

First-order design of off-axis reflective ophthalmic adaptive optics systems using afocal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First-order design of off-axis reflective ophthalmic adaptive optics systems using afocal for designing laser cavities, spectrographs and adaptive optics retinal imaging systems. The use, range respectively. This is discussed using examples from adaptive optics retinal imaging systems. The performance

98

Optical system for determining physical characteristics of a solar cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides an improved optical system for determining the physical characteristics of a solar cell. The system comprises a lamp means for projecting light in a wide solid-angle onto the surface of the cell; a chamber for receiving the light through an entrance port, the chamber having an interior light absorbing spherical surface, an exit port for receiving a beam of light reflected substantially normal to the cell, a cell support, and an lower aperture for releasing light into a light absorbing baffle; a means for dispersing the reflection into monochromatic components; a means for detecting an intensity of the components; and a means for reporting the determination.

Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Strong coupling of optical nanoantennas and atomic systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optical nanoantenna and adjacent atomic systems are strongly coupled when an excitation is repeatedly exchanged between these subsystems prior to its eventual dissipation into the environment. It remains challenging to reach the strong-coupling regime but it is equally rewarding. Once they are achieved, promising applications such as signal processing at the nanoscale and at the single-photon level would immediately become available. Here, we study such hybrid configuration from different perspectives. The configuration we consider consists of two identical atomic systems, described in a two-level approximation, which are strongly coupled to an optical nanoantenna. First, we investigate when this hybrid system requires a fully quantum description, and we provide a simple analytical criterion. Second, a design for a nanoantenna is presented that enables the strong-coupling regime. In addition to a vivid time evolution, the strong coupling is documented in experimentally accessible quantities, such as the extinction spectra. The latter are shown to be strongly modified if the hybrid system is weakly driven and operates in the quantum regime. We find that the extinction spectra depend sensitively on the number of atomic systems coupled to the nanoantenna.

K. S?owik; R. Filter; J. Straubel; F. Lederer; C. Rockstuhl

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

100

High-frequency enhancement by an optical system for superresolution of temporally restricted objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A system for superresolution of temporally restricted objects allows one to transmit ultrawideband optical signals (objects) through a narrow aperture. Such a system was proposed,...

Mendlovic, David; Farkas, David; Zalevsky, Zeev; Lohmann, Adolf W

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

NETL's High-Speed Imaging System Successfully Applied in Medicine, Broad  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NETL's High-Speed Imaging System Successfully Applied in Medicine, NETL's High-Speed Imaging System Successfully Applied in Medicine, Broad Spectrum of Industry NETL's High-Speed Imaging System Successfully Applied in Medicine, Broad Spectrum of Industry November 15, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A groundbreaking Department of Energy-developed imaging system originally designed to help create cleaner fossil energy processes is finding successful applications in a wide range of medical, chemical processing, energy, and other industries. Developed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), the high-speed imaging technology known as "particle imaging velocimetry" (PIV) is being put to use by a research consortium of more than 25 major chemical and energy companies and may soon have other

102

Optics in Computing OC03 Pa-OFB2 Two-photon volumetric optical disk storage systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optics in Computing OC03 Pa-OFB2 Two-photon volumetric optical disk storage systems: experimental: sesener@ece.ucsd.edu ABSTRACT Recent performance in two-photon volumetric data storage is presented. Experimental results are presented and theoretical potentials are analyzed. Keywords: volumetric data storage

Esener, Sadik C.

103

Capacity of a 3-D multi-layer optical data storage system , Edwin P. Walkera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capacity of a 3-D multi-layer optical data storage system Yi Zhanga* , Edwin P. Walkera , Wenyi) Emcore Fiber Optics Components, 1600 Eubank Blvd. SE, Albuquerque, NM 87123 ABSTRACT Storage capacity of a 3-D multi-layer optical data storage system is analyzed. Theoretical analysis of recorded bit size

Esener, Sadik C.

104

Design considerations of the AO module for the Gemini South multi-conjugate adaptive optics system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design considerations of the AO module for the Gemini South multi-conjugate adaptive optics system Observatory, 670 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 B. Optical Design Service, 8 S. Bella Vista Drive, Tucson optics system E. Jamesa , C. Boyera , R. A. Buchroederb , B.L. Ellerbroeka , M. Huntena a Gemini

105

Thin-film fiber optic hydrogen and temperature sensor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention discloses a sensor probe device for monitoring of hydrogen gas concentrations and temperatures by the same sensor probe. The sensor probe is constructed using thin-film deposition methods for the placement of a multitude of layers of materials sensitive to hydrogen concentrations and temperature on the end of a light transparent lens located within the sensor probe. The end of the lens within the sensor probe contains a lens containing a layer of hydrogen permeable material which excludes other reactive gases, a layer of reflective metal material that forms a metal hydride upon absorbing hydrogen, and a layer of semi-conducting solid that is transparent above a temperature dependent minimum wavelength for temperature detection. The three layers of materials are located at the distal end of the lens located within the sensor probe. The lens focuses light generated by broad-band light generator and connected by fiber-optics to the sensor probe, onto a reflective metal material layer, which passes through the semi-conducting solid layer, onto two optical fibers located at the base of the sensor probe. The reflected light is transmitted over fiber optic cables to a spectrometer and system controller. The absence of electrical signals and electrical wires in the sensor probe provides for an elimination of the potential for spark sources when monitoring in hydrogen rich environments, and provides a sensor free from electrical interferences. 3 figs.

Nave, S.E.

1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

106

Design of a New Optical System for Alcator C-Mod Motional Stark Effect Diagnostic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostic on Alcator C-Mod uses an in-vessel optical system (five lenses and three mirrors) to relay polarized light to an external polarimeter because port access limitations on Alcator C-Mod preclude a direct view of the diagnostic beam. The system experiences unacceptable, spurious drifts of order several degrees in measured pitch angle over the course of a run day. Recent experiments illuminated the MSE diagnostic with polarized light of fixed orientation as heat was applied to various optical elements. A large change in measured angle was observed as two particular lenses were heated, indicating that thermal-stress-induced birefringence is a likely cause of the spurious variability. Several new optical designs have been evaluated to eliminate the affected in-vessel lenses and to replace the focusing they provide with curved mirrors; however, ray tracing calculations imply that this method is not feasible. A new approach is under consideration that utilizes in situ calibrations with in-vessel reference polarized light sources. 2008 American Institute of Physics.

Jinseok Ko, Steve Scott, Manfred Bitter, and Scott Lerner

2009-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

107

Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive How the Optic Nerve Allocates Space, Energy Capacity,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive How the Optic Nerve Allocates Space, Energy Capacity, and Information twice the space and energy capacity. We conclude that the optic nerve conserves space space and energy efficiently, because both resources constrain neural computation. We found

Pennsylvania, University of

108

Micro-opto-mechanical switching and tuning for integrated optical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated optical circuits have the potential to lower manufacturing and operating costs and enhance the functionality of optical systems in a manner similar to what has been achieved by integrating electronic circuits. ...

Nielson, Gregory Nolan, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

An optical fiber Faraday effect current sensor for power system applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical fiber sensors have many inherent properties which make them ideal for applications within electric power systems. The dielectric isolation achieved in using optical fiber has fostered research in the areas of communication and sensing...

Short, Shayne Xavier

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

The T-ROM Optical Card System: Content Distribution for Portable Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an overview of the current development status of the T-ROM optical card system. Special attention is given to the efficient generation of the high quality optical spot...

Busch, Christopher; de Hoog, T J; Bakker, L P; Kastelijn, A A A; Verberne, H R M; Gourmelon, L; Boots, H M J; Bierhoff, W C J; Braun, A L; Oosterbosch, R J M; Bguin, M

111

Ice structure monitoring with an optical fiber sensing system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ice has been used as an effective and economical material for constructions of roads and platforms in cold regions. However, the practical applications of this brittle material are limited by the fact that ice structures can suddenly crack due to low tensile strength, be crushed due to excessive compression, melt and become soften as temperature elevates. In this paper, an early warning system is proposed to monitor the strain state and damage characteristic of ice structures. Firstly, both fiber Bragg grating (FBG) and Brillouin optical time domain analysis/reflectometry (BOTDA/R) sensors were installed in an ice block and an ice beam to understand their axial and flexural behaviors under a concentrated load. Secondly, the solution for strain state and damage process of ice structures was derived analytically under test conditions. Finally, an outdoor ice road test bed was built and continuously monitored for 34h to validate the early warning system and understand the early stage behavior of ice structures. The experimental results agreed well with their corresponding theoretical predictions. The early warning system with optical sensors is effective and practical for long-term monitoring for ice structures.

Zhi Zhou; Minghua Huang; Jianping He; Genda Chen; Jinping Ou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Reflective optical imaging system for extreme ultraviolet wavelengths  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a projection reflection optical system having two mirrors in a coaxial, four reflection configuration to reproduce the image of an object. The mirrors have aspherical reflection surfaces to provide a very high resolution of object feature wavelengths less than 200 {mu}m, and preferably less than 100 {mu}m. An image resolution of features less than 0.05--0.1 {mu}m, is obtained over a large area field; i.e., 25.4 mm {times} 25.4 mm, with a distortion less than 0.1 of the resolution over the image field.

Viswanathan, V.K.; Newnam, B.E.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

Modular Systems Biology applied to TGFbeta and DNA Damage Response Signaling following Low Dose Radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Modular Systems Biology applied to TGFbeta and DNA Damage Response Signaling following Modular Systems Biology applied to TGFbeta and DNA Damage Response Signaling following Low Dose Radiation Francis A. Cucinotta 1 , Yongfeng Li 2 , Minli Wang 2 , Claudio Carra 2 , Janice Pluth 3 , and Peter O'Neill 4 1 NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 2 U.S.R.A. Division of Life Sciences, Houston TX 3 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley CA 4 Oxford University, Oxford UK Abstract: Modular systems biology (MSB) describes the complexity of biological systems using well defined modules that represent distinct biological response pathways or sub-systems within pathways. We review mathematical concepts from control theory that can be used to identify and construct well defined modules for describing complex biological processes. The DNA damage response and TGFbeta/Smad signaling are two important response pathways following

114

Final report on LDRD project : advanced optical trigger systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced optically-activated solid-state electrical switch development at Sandia has demonstrated multi-kA/kV switching and the path for scalability to even higher current/power. Realization of this potential requires development of new optical sources/switches based on key Sandia photonic device technologies: vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) and photoconductive semiconductor switch (PCSS) devices. The key to increasing the switching capacity of PCSS devices to 5kV/5kA and higher is to distribute the current in multiple parallel line filaments triggered by an array of high-brightness line-shaped illuminators. Commercial mechanically-stacked edge-emitting lasers have been used to trigger multiple filaments, but they are difficult to scale and manufacture with the required uniformity. In VCSEL arrays, adjacent lasers utilize identical semiconductor material and are lithographically patterned to the required dimensions. We have demonstrated multiple-line filament triggering using VCSEL arrays to approximate line generation. These arrays of uncoupled circular-aperture VCSELs have fill factors ranging from 2% to 30%. Using these arrays, we have developed a better understanding of the illumination requirements for stable triggering of multiple-filament PCSS devices. Photoconductive semiconductor switch (PCSS) devices offer advantages of high voltage operation (multi-kV), optical isolation, triggering with laser pulses that cannot occur accidentally in nature, low cost, high speed, small size, and radiation hardness. PCSS devices are candidates for an assortment of potential applications that require multi-kA switching of current. The key to increasing the switching capacity of PCSS devices to 5kV/5kA and higher is to distribute the current in multiple parallel line filaments triggered by an array of high-brightness line-shaped illuminators. Commercial mechanically-stacked edge-emitting lasers have been demonstrated to trigger multiple filaments, but they are difficult to scale and manufacture with the required uniformity. As a promising alternative to multiple discrete edge-emitting lasers, a single wafer of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) can be lithographically patterned to achieve the desired layout of parallel line-shaped emitters, in which adjacent lasers utilize identical semiconductor material and thereby achieve a degree of intrinsic optical uniformity. Under this LDRD project, we have fabricated arrays of uncoupled circular-aperture VCSELs to approximate a line-shaped illumination pattern, achieving optical fill factors ranging from 2% to 30%. We have applied these VCSEL arrays to demonstrate single and dual parallel line-filament triggering of PCSS devices. Moreover, we have developed a better understanding of the illumination requirements for stable triggering of multiple-filament PCSS devices using VCSEL arrays. We have found that reliable triggering of multiple filaments requires matching of the turn-on time of adjacent VCSEL line-shaped-arrays to within approximately 1 ns. Additionally, we discovered that reliable triggering of PCSS devices at low voltages requires more optical power than we obtained with our first generation of VCSEL arrays. A second generation of higher-power VCSEL arrays was designed and fabricated at the end of this LDRD project, and testing with PCSS devices is currently underway (as of September 2008).

Roose, Lars D.; Hadley, G. Ronald; Mar, Alan; Serkland, Darwin Keith; Geib, Kent Martin; Sullivan, Charles Thomas; Keeler, Gordon Arthur; Bauer, Thomas M. (LMATA Government Services, LLC., Albuquerque, NM); Peake, Gregory Merwin; Loubriel, Guillermo Manuel; Montano, Victoria A. (LMATA Government Services, LLC., Albuquerque, NM)

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Model-based integrated management: applying autonomic systems engineering to network and systems management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a novel approach for integrated management of networks and information systems, based on the specification of executable behaviour models. A model processing plane is introduced, consisting of a number of processing units that together form ... Keywords: ASE, autonomic systems, autonomic systems engineering, behaviour modelling, information systems, management integration, model transformation, model-based integrated management, network management, systems management

Edzard Hofig; Peter H. Deussen

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Optical Fibers Optics and Photonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Fibers Optics and Photonics Dr. Palffy-Muhoray Ines Busuladzic Department of Theoretical and Applied Mathematics The University of Akron April 21, 2008 #12;Outline · History of optical fibers · What are optical fibers? · How are optical fibers made? · Light propagation through optical fibers · Application

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

117

Expert Meeting Report: Recommendations for Applying Water Heaters in Combination Space and Domestic Water Heating Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The topic of this meeting was 'Recommendations For Applying Water Heaters In Combination Space And Domestic Water Heating Systems.' Presentations and discussions centered on the design, performance, and maintenance of these combination systems, with the goal of developing foundational information toward the development of a Building America Measure Guideline on this topic. The meeting was held at the Westford Regency Hotel, in Westford, Massachusetts on 7/31/2011.

Rudd, A.; Ueno, K.; Bergey, D.; Osser, R.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Roadmap: Mechanical Engineering Technology -Systems -Associate of Applied Science RE-AAS-MERT-SYST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roadmap: Mechanical Engineering Technology - Systems - Associate of Applied Science RE-AAS-MERT-SYST Regional College Catalog year: 2014-2015 Page 1 of 1 | Last Updated: 30-Mar-14/JSK This roadmap of Materials 3 ! Engineering technology electives (consult with advisor) 3 MATH 11012 Intuitive Calculus 3

Khan, Javed I.

119

LCA Applied to Perennial Cropping Systems: a Review Focused on the Farm Stage C. Bessou 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 LCA Applied to Perennial Cropping Systems: a Review Focused on the Farm Stage C. Bessou 1 , C for bioenergy and have been, notably to this end, the subject of several LCA-based studies mostly focusing classified into three categories according to the comprehensiveness of the LCA study and depending on whether

Boyer, Edmond

120

LCA Applied to Perennial Cropping Systems: a Review Focused on the Farm Stage C. Bessou 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 LCA Applied to Perennial Cropping Systems: a Review Focused on the Farm Stage C. Bessou 1 , C, notably to this end, the subject of several LCA-based studies mostly focusing on energy and GHG balances according to the comprehensiveness of the LCA study and depending on whether they were peer-reviewed or not

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Nonlinear control for systems with bounded inputs: Real-time embedded control applied to UAVs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear control for systems with bounded inputs: Real-time embedded control applied to UAVs Farid) UAVs including conventional helicopters, four- rotors aircraft (Draganflyer) and several designs for small aerial vehicles, some restrictions and conditions specific to small UAVs have to be considered

Sontag, Eduardo

122

Development of an optical flying head for a next-generation magneto-optical recording system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed an optical flying head (OFH) comprising a thin-film ... numerical aperture lens for magneto-optical (MO) disk drives. Experiments have shown successful writing and...

Goroh Kawasaki; Tsuyoshi Matsumoto; Nobuyuki Kanto

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Optical designs of reflection and refraction collection optics for a JT-60SA core Thomson scattering system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Collection optics for core measurements in a JT-60SA Thomson scattering system were designed. The collection optics will be installed in a limited space and have a wide field of view and wide wavelength range. Two types of the optics are therefore suggested: refraction and reflection types. The reflection system, with a large primary mirror, avoids large chromatic aberrations. Because the size limit of the primary mirror and vignetting due to the secondary mirror affect the total collection throughput, conditions that provide the high throughput are found through an optimization. A refraction system with four lenses forming an Ernostar system is also employed. The use of high-refractive-index glass materials enhances the freedom of the lens curvatures, resulting in suppression of the spherical and coma aberration. Moreover, sufficient throughput can be achieved, even with smaller lenses than that of a previous design given in [H. Tojo, T. Hatae, T. Sakuma, T. Hamano, K. Itami, Y. Aida, S. Suitoh, and D. Fujie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 10D539 (2010)]. The optical resolutions of the reflection and refraction systems are both sufficient for understanding the spatial structures in plasma. In particular, the spot sizes at the image of the optics are evaluated as ?0.3?mm and ?0.4?mm, respectively. The throughput for the two systems, including the pupil size and transmissivity, are also compared. The results show that good measurement accuracy (<10%) even at high electron temperatures (<30?keV) can be expected in the refraction system.

Tojo, H.; Hatae, T.; Hamano, T.; Sakuma, T.; Itami, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan)] [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Publish date: 06/27/2011 ECE 4360: Fiber Optic Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Publish date: 06/27/2011 ECE 4360: Fiber Optic Systems Credit / Contact hours: 3 / 3 Course coordinator: Zhaoyang Fan Textbook(s) and/or other required material: Keiser, Optical Fiber Communications, McGraw Hill, 2000. Catalog description: Optical fibers, couplers, sources, and detectors; applications

Gelfond, Michael

125

A ber-optic based calibration system for the High Resolution Fly's Eye  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A ber-optic based calibration system for the High Resolution Fly's Eye cosmic ray observatory J, 800 Yale Blvd NE, Albuquerque, NM 87131-1156 Abstract This article describes the ber-optic based: Highest energy cosmic rays Fly's Eye Experiment HiRes YAG Laser Fiber-optics PMT PACS: 95.45.+i 95.85.Ls

126

Incorporating Optics into a Coupled Physical-Biological Forecasting System in the Monterey Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporating Optics into a Coupled Physical-Biological Forecasting System in the Monterey Bay Fei://www.marine.maine.edu/~eboss/index.html http://ourocean.jpl.nasa.gov/ LONG-TERM GOALS Modeling and predicting ocean optical properties for coastal waters requires linking optical properties with the physical, chemical, and biological processes

Boss, Emmanuel S.

127

Hierarchical multistability and cooperative flip-flop operation in a bistable optical system with distributed nonlinear elements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A bistable optical system with distributed nonlinear elements is proposed. Novel functions are derived from the collective nature of the optical elements. Collective phenomena...

Otsuka, Kenju; Ikeda, Kensuke

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Probing other solar systems with current and future adaptive optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past decade, the study of extrasolar planets through indirect techniques--primarily Doppler measurements--has revolutionized our understanding of other solar systems. The next major step in this field will be the direct detection and characterization, via imaging and spectroscopy, of the planets themselves. To achieve this, we must separate the light from the faint planet from the extensive glare of its parent star. We pursued this goal using the current generation of adaptive optics (AO) systems on large ground-based telescopes, using infrared imaging to search for the thermal emission from young planets and developing image processing techniques to distinguish planets from telescope-induced artifacts. Our new Angular Differential Imaging (ADI) technique, which uses the sidereal rotation of the Earth and telescope, is now standard for ground-based high-contrast imaging. Although no young planets were found in our surveys, we placed the strongest limits yet on giant planets in wide orbits (>30 AU) around young stars and characterized planetary companion candidates. The imaging of planetary companions on solar-system-like scales (5-30 AU) will require a new generation of advanced AO systems that are an order of magnitude more powerful than the LLNL-built Keck AO system. We worked to develop and test the key technologies needed for these systems, including a spatially-filtered wavefront sensor, efficient and accurate wavefront reconstruction algorithms, and precision AO wavefront control at the sub-nm level. LLNL has now been selected by the Gemini Observatory to lead the construction of the Gemini Planet Imager, a $24M instrument that will be the most advanced AO system in the world.

Macintosh, B; Marois, C; Phillion, D; Poyneer, L; Graham, J; Zuckerman, B; Gavel, D; Veran, J; Wilhelmsen-Evans, J; Mellis, C

2008-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

129

Loss of polarization entanglement in a fiber-optic system with polarization mode dispersion in one optical path  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We characterize theoretically and experimentally the degradation of polarization entanglement in a fiber-optic entanglement distribution system where one of the optical fibers is exposed to the effects of polarization mode dispersion (PMD). We show gradual reduction of entanglement with increasing PMD and find that the highest PMD tolerance is achieved when the bandwidth of the pump used to generate the entangled photons in a $\\chi^{(3)}$ process is approximately half the bandwidth of the quantum channels.

Misha Brodsky; Elizabeth C. George; Cristian Antonelli; Mark Shtaif

2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

130

An AWGR based Low-Latency Optical Switch for Data Centers and High Performance Computing Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i An AWGR based Low-Latency Optical Switch for Data Centers and High Performance Computing Systems based optical switch for data centers and high performance computing systems that builds upon several for Data Centers and High Performance Computing Systems ..i ABSTRACT .....................................

Kolner, Brian H.

131

System and method for optically locating microchannel positions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method is disclosed for optically locating a microchannel position. A laser source generates a primary laser beam which is directed at a microchannel plate. The microchannel plates include microchannels at various locations. A back-reflectance beam detector receives a back-reflected beam from the plate. The back-reflected beam is generated when the primary beam reflects off of the plate. A photodiode circuit generates a trigger signal when the back-reflected beam exceeds a predetermined threshold, indicating a presence of the microchannel. The method of the present invention includes the steps of generating a primary beam, directing the primary beam to a plate containing a microchannel, receiving from the plate a back-reflected beam generated in response to the primary beam, and generating a trigger signal when the back-reflected beam exceeds a predetermined threshold which corresponds to a presence of the microchannel.

Brewer, Laurence R. (Oakland, CA); Kimbrough, Joseph (Pleasanton, CA); Balch, Joseph (Livermore, CA); Davidson, J. Courtney (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Assessment of applied pipeline coating system in the U.A.E. corrosive soil condition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Severe corrosion conditions along many section of the under ground pipeline are evident in the United Arab Emirates due to the hot humid weather and the presence of salty soil beds (Sabkha) associated with high surface water tables. These lines are usually operated at high temperatures (40-60{degrees}C) which accelerate pipe corrosion rates and incorporate potential risks to the pipe coating at Sabkha areas. ADCO experienced several pipeline external corrosion leaks within 3-7 years period of time postline commissioning. Several on-line inspections have been carried out and followed by comprehensive pipeline rehabilitation programmes with significant replacements of corroded pipe sections. Reported external corrosion was mainly due to pipeline coating failure and poor performance of applied CP system. Different cold applied coating repair systems were field tested during 1982-1983 on the main oil lines which were originally coated with hot applied coal tar enamel. The successful types of wrapping were selected for continued implementations. This paper summarises causes of pipeline coating failures and assesses the performance of applied repair coatings which have been in service for more than ten years.

Gharra, A.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Three?Dimensional Reconstruction Optical System Using Shadows Triangulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work is developed a three?dimensional reconstruction system using the Shades3D tool of the Matlab Programming Language and materials of low cost such as webcam camera a stick a weak structured lighting system composed by a desk lamp and observation plane in which the object is located. The reconstruction is obtained through a triangulation process that is executed after acquiring a sequence of images of the scene with a shadow projected on the object; additionally an image filtering process is done for obtaining only the part of the scene that will be reconstructed. Previously it is necessary to develop a calibration process for determining the internal camera geometric and optical characteristics (intrinsic parameters) and the 3D position and orientation of the camera frame relative to a certain world coordinate system (extrinsic parameters). The lamp and the stick are used to produce a shadow which scans the object; in this technique it is not necessary to know the position of the light source instead the triangulation is obtained using shadow plane produced by intersection between the stick and the illumination pattern. The webcam camera captures all images with the shadow scanning the object and Shades3D tool processes all information taking into account captured images and calibration parameters. Likewise this technique is evaluated in the reconstruction of parts of the human body and its application in the detection of external abnormalities and elaboration of prosthesis or implant.

J. Leiner Barba; Q. Lorena Vargas; M. Cesar Torres; V. Lorenzo Mattos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Optical layout and mechanical structure of polarimeter-interferometer system for Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Far-InfaRed (FIR) three-wave POlarimeter-INTerferometer (POINT) system for measurement current density profile and electron density profile is under development for the EAST tokamak. The FIR beams are transmitted from the laser room to the optical tower adjacent to EAST via ?20 m overmoded dielectric waveguide and then divided into 5 horizontal chords. The optical arrangement was designed using ZEMAX, which provides information on the beam spot size and energy distribution throughout the optical system. ZEMAX calculations used to optimize the optical layout design are combined with the mechanical design from CATIA, providing a 3D visualization of the entire POINT system.

Zou, Z. Y.; Liu, H. Q., E-mail: hqliu@ipp.ac.cn; Jie, Y. X.; Wang, Z. X.; Shen, J. S.; An, Z. H.; Yang, Y.; Zeng, L.; Wei, X. C.; Li, G. S.; Zhu, X. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China); Ding, W. X.; Brower, D. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Lan, T. [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

135

Optical  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optical Optical fiber-based single-shot picosecond transient absorption spectroscopy Andrew R. Cook a͒ and Yuzhen Shen Department of Chemistry, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, USA ͑Received 27 January 2009; accepted 29 May 2009; published online 17 July 2009͒ A new type of single-shot transient absorption apparatus is described based on a bundle of optical fibers. The bundle contains 100 fibers of different lengths, each successively giving ϳ15 ps longer optical delay. Data are collected by imaging light from the exit of the bundle into a sample where it is overlapped with an electron pulse or laser excitation pulse, followed by imaging onto a charge coupled device ͑CCD͒ detector where the intensity of light from each fiber is measured simultaneously. Application to both ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy and pulse radiolysis is demonstrated. For pulse

136

Development of a Three-Dimensional Ball Rotation Sensing System using Optical Mouse Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the case of a ball wheel. The system measures surface speed by using two or more optical mouse sensorsDevelopment of a Three-Dimensional Ball Rotation Sensing System using Optical Mouse Sensors Masaaki Kumagai and Ralph L. Hollis Abstract-- Robots using ball(s) as spherical wheels have the advantage

137

Numerical aperture influence on 3-D multi-layer optical data storage systems , Edwin P. Walkera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical aperture influence on 3-D multi-layer optical data storage systems Yi Zhanga* , Edwin P storage system is analyzed. Keywords: NA, multi-layer data storage, two-photon recording, capacity) 550-0596, Fax: (858) 550-0917 #12;Numerical aperture influence on 3-D multi-layer optical data storage

Esener, Sadik C.

138

A Fiber Optic Spectrometry System for Measuring Irradiance Distributions in Sea Ice Environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fiber opticbased spectrometry system was developed to enable automated, long-term measurements of spectral irradiance in sea ice environments. This system utilizes a single spectrometer module that measures the irradiance transmitted by ...

Hangzhou Wang; Ying Chen; Hong Song; Samuel R. Laney

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Expert Meeting Report: Recommendations for Applying Water Heaters in Combination Space and Domestic Water Heating Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Recommendations for Applying Recommendations for Applying Water Heaters in Combination Space and Domestic Water Heating Systems A. Rudd, K. Ueno, D. Bergey, R. Osser Building Science Corporation June 2012 i This report received minimal editorial review at NREL. NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, subcontractors, or affiliated partners makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark,

140

NETL: News Release - NETL's High-Speed Imaging System Successfully Applied  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

15, 2010 15, 2010 NETL's High-Speed Imaging System Successfully Applied in Medicine, Broad Spectrum of Industry Washington, D.C. - A groundbreaking Department of Energy-developed imaging system originally designed to help create cleaner fossil energy processes is finding successful applications in a wide range of medical, chemical processing, energy, and other industries. MORE INFO Learn more about the high-speed PIV system More information about the application of high-speed PIV for coal gasification Developed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), the high-speed imaging technology known as "particle imaging velocimetry" (PIV) is being put to use by a research consortium of more than 25 major chemical and energy companies and may soon have other

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Complex-optical-field lidar system for range and vector velocity measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complex-optical-field lidar system for range and vector velocity measurement Shuang Gao,1,2 Maurice OSullivan,3 and Rongqing Hui2,* 1Department of Electronic Engineering and Information Science, University of Science and Technology of China... lidar system based on the measurement of complex optical field is demonstrated for the first time. An electro-optic in- phase/quadrature (I/Q) modulator is used in the lidar transmitter to realize carrier-suppressed complex optical field modulation...

Gao, Shuang; Sullivan, Maurice O.; Hui, Rongqing

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

The National Ignition Facility: The world's largest optical system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Ignition Facility (NIF), a 192-beam fusion laser, is presently under construction at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory with an expected completion in 2008. The facility contains 7,456 meter-scale optics for amplification, beam steering, vacuum barriers, focusing, polarization rotation, and wavelength conversion. A multiphase program was put in place to increase the monthly optical manufacturing rate by up to 20x while simultaneously reducing cost by up to 3x through a sub-scale development, full-scale facilitization, and a pilot production phase. Currently 80% of the optics are complete with over 50% installed. In order to manufacture the high quality optics at desired manufacturing rate of over 100 precision optics per month, new more deterministic advanced fabrication technologies had to be employed over those used to manufacture previous fusion lasers.

Stolz, C J

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Triangularly phase-modulated optical fiber ring resonator sensor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optical fiber ring resonatory sensor system has been demonstrated by applying a triangular phase modulation signal to a fiber loop. The dynamic range for detection of optical phase...

Chien, Pie-Yau; Pan, Ci-Ling

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

CT-Guided Interventions Using a Free-Hand, Optical Tracking System: Initial Clinical Experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PurposeThe present study was designed to evaluate the geometrical accuracy and clinical applicability of a new, free-hand, CT-guided, optical navigation system.MethodsFifteen procedures in 14 consecutive patients were retrospectively analyzed. The navigation system was applied for interventional procedures on small target lesions, in cases with long needle paths, narrow access windows, or when an out-of-plane access was expected. Mean lesion volume was 27.9 ml, and mean distance to target measured was 107.5 mm. Eleven of 15 needle trajectories were planned as out-of-plane approaches regarding the axial CT plane.ResultsNinety-one percent of the biopsies were diagnostic. All therapeutic interventions were technically successful. Targeting precision was high with a mean distance of the needle tip from planned target of 1.98 mm. Mean intervention time was 1:12 h. A statistically significant correlation between angular needle deviation and intervention time (p = 0.007), respiratory movement of the target (p = 0.008), and body mass index (p = 0.02) was detected. None of the evaluated parameters correlated significantly with the distance from the needle tip to the planned target.ConclusionsThe application of a navigation system for complex CT-guided procedures provided safe and effective targeting within a reasonable intervention time in our series.

Schubert, Tilman, E-mail: TSchubert@uhbs.ch; Jacob, Augustinus L.; Pansini, Michele [University Hospital Basel, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (Switzerland); Liu, David [Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Department of Radiology (Canada); Gutzeit, Andreas [Winterthur Cantonal Hospital, Department of Radiology (Switzerland); Kos, Sebastian [University Hospital Basel, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (Switzerland)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Present performance & future directions in two-photon addressed volumetric optical disk storage systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present performance & future directions in two-photon addressed volumetric optical disk storage data storage is presented and future directions discussed. Influence of numerical aperture in a 3-D multi-layer optical data storage system is analyzed. Keywords: volumetric data storage, multi-layer data

Esener, Sadik C.

146

On the conservation of fundamental optical quantities in non-paraxial imaging systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in applications such as optical traps, frequency conversion, high-resolution microscopy and optical data storage system, it is shown that the response in the image space can be expressed in terms of a limited set of the non-paraxial Gauss­Laguerre eigenmodes. Conservation of energy, linear momentum and angular momentum

147

Extreme ultraviolet carrier-frequency shearing interferometry of a lithographic four-mirror optical system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme ultraviolet carrier-frequency shearing interferometry of a lithographic four-mirror optical of an EUV Schwarzschild objective.13 Direct comparison of this LSI to the PS/PDI has demon- strated a root-grating, carrier- frequency LSI for testing a lithographic four-mirror EUV optical system. The tests were performed

148

Optical observations of Be/X-ray transient system KS 1947+300  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROTSE-IIId observations of the Be/X-ray transient system KS 1947+300 obtained between September 2004 and December 2005 make it possible to study the correlation between optical and X-ray activity. The optical outburst of 0.1 mag was accompanied by an increase in X-ray flux in 2004 observations. Strong correlation between the optical and X-ray light curves suggests that neutron star directly accretes from the outflowing material of Be star. The nearly zero time lag between X-ray and optical light curves suggests a heating of the disk of Be star by X-rays. No optical brightening and X-ray enhancement was seen in 2005 observations. There is no indication of the orbital modulation in the optical light curve.

U. Kiziloglu; A. Baykal; N. Kiziloglu

2006-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

149

The University of Mississippi Department of Electrical EngineeringCenterofAppliedElectromagneticSystemsResearch(CAESR) The University of Mississippi Department of Electrical EngineeringCenterofAppliedElectromagneticSystemsResearch(CAESR) Optimizing Multip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

=100, NY=100 Computation Time vs Domain Size #12;The University of Mississippi Department of ElectricalThe University of Mississippi Department of Electrical EngineeringCenterofAppliedElectromagneticSystemsResearch(CAESR) The University of Mississippi Department of Electrical Engineering

Elsherbeni, Atef Z.

150

Absorption and spectra of optical parameters in amorphous solid solutions of the Se-S system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the optical properties of the Se-S system has revealed a correlation between the dependences of optical absorption coefficient {alpha}, effective concentration of charged defects N{sub t}, and characteristic energy E{sub 0} corresponding to the Urbach optical absorption in the spectral region where the Urbach rule works for the Se-S system on the S concentration. These optical properties are controlled by charged defects. It is shown that concentrations of intrinsic charged defects can be changed by variation in composition of the Se-S system. Reflectance spectra of amorphous solid solutions of the Se-S system are studied within the energy range 1-6 eV. Using the Kramers-Kronig method, spectral dependences of optical constants and derivative optical and dielectric functions are calculated. Variation in the spectra of optical parameters with composition of the Se-S system are explained within a cluster model in which the density of electron states is a function of atomic configurations in clusters, i.e., of the character of a short-range order.

Djalilov, N. Z.; Damirov, G. M., E-mail: gafil@phytsics.ab.az [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Applied Climate Information System -NOAA Regional Climate Centers 727 Hardin Hall, 3310 Holdrege Street, Lincoln, NE 68583-0997  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

related to climate data collection and delivery. Active projects include: Applied Climate Information with other NOAA Regional Climate Centers. Nebraska Soil Moisture Project· - A soil moisture monitoringApplied Climate Information System - NOAA Regional Climate Centers ACIS 727 Hardin Hall, 3310

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

152

Development of the Ultrashort Pulse Nonlinear Optical Microscopy Spectral Imaging System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by broadband sub-10-fs pulses. This dissertation will discuss the development of two spectral imaging systems using the principles of nonlinear optical microscopy for pixel-by-pixel spectral segmentation of multiple fluorescent spectra. The first spectral...

Lee, Anthony Chien-der

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

153

Procedures to identify Energy Conservation Opportunities applied to HVAC system: example of VSD of chilled water pumps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Procedures to identify Energy Conservation Opportunities applied to HVAC system: example of VSD of HVAC equipment using variable speed drive (VSD) is an Energy Conservation Opportunity (ECO) which can

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

154

Extrinsic fiber optic displacement sensors and displacement sensing systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An extrinsic Fizeau fiber optic sensor comprises a single-mode fiber, used as an input/output fiber, and a multimode fiber, used purely as a reflector, to form an air gap within a silica tube that acts as a Fizeau cavity. The Fresnel reflection from the glass/air interface at the front of the air gap (reference reflection) and the reflection from the air/glass interface at the far end of the air gap (sensing reflection) interfere in the input/output fiber. The two fibers are allowed to move in the silica tube, and changes in the air gap length cause changes in the phase difference between the reference reflection and the sensing reflection. This phase difference is observed as changes in intensity of the light monitored at the output arm of a fused biconical tapered coupler. The extrinsic Fizeau fiber optic sensor behaves identically whether it is surface mounted or embedded, which is unique to the extrinsic sensor in contrast to intrinsic Fabry-Perot sensors. The sensor may be modified to provide a quadrature phase shift extrinsic Fizeau fiber optic sensor for the detection of both the amplitude and the relative polarity of dynamically varying strain. The quadrature light signals may be generated by either mechanical or optical means. A plurality of the extrinsic sensors may connected in cascade and multiplexed to allow monitoring by a single analyzer.

Murphy, Kent A. (Roanoke, VA); Gunther, Michael F. (Blacksburg, VA); Vengsarkar, Ashish M. (Scotch Plains, NJ); Claus, Richard O. (Christiansburg, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

An evaluation of high viscosity, crowded phase emulsions as herbicide carriers when applied through the bifluid spray system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN EVALUATION OF HIGH VISCOSITY, CROWDED PHASE EMULSIONS AS HERBICIDE CARRIERS WHEN APPLIED THROUGH THE BIFLUID SPRAY SYSTEM A Thesis By PHIL J, PHILLIPS Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1963 Range Management AN EVALUATION OF HIGH VISCOSITY, CROWDED PHASE EMULSIONS AS HERBICIDE CARRIERS WHEN APPLIED THROUGH THE BIFLUID SPRAY SYSTEM A Thesis By PHIL J...

Phillips, Phil J

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

156

Optical Sum Rules that Relate to the Potential Energy of Strongly Correlated Systems J. K. Freericks,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Sum Rules that Relate to the Potential Energy of Strongly Correlated Systems J. K at low energy due to the presence of the superconducting gap [1]. Because there is an optical sum rule system, the optical sum rule is usually pro- jected onto the lowest energy band. In this case, the inte

Freericks, Jim

157

New Beam Delivery System Optics: BDS9901 Peter Tenenbaum LCC-Note-0020  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beam Beam Delivery System Optics: BDS9901 Peter Tenenbaum LCC-Note-0020 14-July-1999 Abstract We describe in detail the optics and XSIF decks for the NLC Beam Delivery System in its present version, BDS9901. 1 Introduction In this Note, we describe the present optics design of the NLC Beam Delivery System, which has been somewhat revised for 1999. Most important optical changes include: * Organization of BPMs into quad-style (BPMQ), BPMs in feedback loops (BPMFB), BPMs which provide sub-train/multibunch information (BPMMB), and BPMs used to measure beam-beam deflections (BPMIP) * Addition of a number of small quad, skew-quad, sextupole, and skew-sextupole tuning mag- nets * Addition of actuators for the feedbacks * A 6-quadrupole final telescope, which allows all of the linear degrees of freedom to be opti- mized * Replacement of the low-energy final quads Q1A and Q1B with a single

158

Optical synchronization system for femtosecond X-ray sources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Femtosecond pump/probe experiments using short X-Ray and optical pulses require precise synchronization between 100 meter-10 km separated lasers in a various experiments. For stabilization in the hundred femtosecond range a CW laser is amplitude modulated at 1-10 GHz, the signal retroreflected from the far end, and the relative phase used to correct the transit time with various implementations. For the sub-10 fsec range the laser frequency itself is upshifted 55 MHz with an acousto-optical modulator, retroreflected, upshifted again and phase compared at the sending end to a 110 MHz reference. Initial experiments indicate less than 1 fsec timing jitter. To lock lasers in the sub-10 fs range two single-frequency lasers separated by several teraHertz will be lock to a master modelocked fiber laser, transmit the two frequencies over fiber, and lock two comb lines of a slave laser to these frequencies, thus synchronizing the two modelocked laser envelopes.

Wilcox, Russell B. (El Cerrito, CA); Holzwarth, Ronald (Munich, DE)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

159

Quantum Optical Systems for the Implementation of Quantum Information Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the field of Quantum Optical Information from elementary considerations through to quantum computation schemes. We illustrate our discussion with descriptions of experimental demonstrations of key communication and processing tasks from the last decade and also look forward to the key results likely in the next decade. We examine both discrete (single photon) type processing as well as those which employ continuous variable manipulations. The mathematical formalism is kept to the minimum needed to understand the key theoretical and experimental results.

T. C. Ralph

2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

160

Optical phase dynamics in mutually coupled diode laser systems exhibiting power synchronization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We probe the physical mechanism behind the known phenomenon of power synchronization of two diode lasers that are mutually coupled via their delayed optical fields. In a diode laser, the amplitude and the phase of the optical field are coupled by the so-called linewidth enhancement factor, $\\alpha$. In this work, we explore the role of optical phases of the electric fields in amplitude (and hence power) synchronization through $\\alpha$ in such mutually delay-coupled diode laser systems. Our numerical results show that the synchronization of optical phases drives the powers of lasers to synchronized death regimes. We also find that as $\\alpha$ varies for different diode lasers, the system goes through a sequence of in-phase amplitude-death states. Within the windows between successive amplitude-death regions, the cross-correlation between the field amplitudes exhibits a universal power-law behaviour with respect to $\\alpha$.

Vishwa Pal; Awadhesh Prasad; R Ghosh

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Advanced Gamma-ray Imaging System (AGIS) Telescope Optical System Designs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AGIS is a conceptual design for a future ground-based gamma-ray observatory operating in the energy range 25 GeV-100 TeV, which is based on an array of {approx}20-100 imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs). The desired improvement in sensitivity, angular resolution, and reliability of operation of AGIS imposes demanding technological and cost requirements on the design of the IACTs. We are considering several options for the optical system (OS) of the AGIS telescopes, which include the traditional Davies-Cotton design as well as novel two-mirror design. Emerging mirror production technologies based on replication processes such as cold and hot glass slumping, cured carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP), and electroforming provide new opportunities for cost-effective solutions for the design of the OS.

Bugaev, V.; Buckley, J.; Krawczynski, H. [Washington University (United States); Diegel, S.; Romani, R. [Stanford University (United States); Falcone, A. [Penn State University (United States); Fegan, S.; Vassiliev, V. [UCLA (United States); Finley, J. [Purdue University (United States); Guarino, V. [ANL (United States); Hanna, D. [McGill University (Canada); Kaaret, P. [University of Iowa (United States); Konopelko, A. [Pittsburg State University (United States); Ramsey, B. [MSFC (United States); Weekes, T. [CfA (United States)

2008-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

162

Real-time processing of a long perimeter fiber optic intrusion system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis reports on recent advances made in real-time intruder detection for an intrusion system developed at Texas A&M University that utilizes a phase-sensitive optical time-domain reflectometer. The system uses light pulses from a highly...

Snider, William Timothy

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

163

Fully relativistic description of the magneto-optical properties of arbitrary layered systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fully relativistic formalism is presented that allows us to define the frequency-dependent optical conductivity tensor for arbitrary layered systems in a layer-resolved way. This opens in particular the way to deal with the magneto-optical properties of magnetic surface layer systems and to calculate the corresponding magneto-optical Kerr spectra. The formalism, based on a fully relativistic description of response theory in arbitrary order, is described in some detail. For an implementation the very flexible spin polarized relativistic Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker method of band structure calculation has been used. Results of corresponding applications to the elemental ferromagnets bcc-Fe and fcc-Co treated as homogeneous layer systems are presented.

T. Huhne and H. Ebert

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Multiparameter Fiber Optic Sensing System for Monitoring Enhanced...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

objectives: Demonstrate reliability of fiber and distributed temperature; strain and vibration sensing sub-systems for EGS at 374C and 220 bar in the presence of hydrogen....

165

Integrability aspects with optical solitons of a generalized variable-coefficient N-coupled higher order nonlinear Schroedinger system from inhomogeneous optical fibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For describing the long-distance communication and manufacturing problems of N fields propagation in inhomogeneous optical fibers, we consider a generalized variable-coefficient N-coupled nonlinear Schroedinger system with higher order effects such as the third-order dispersion, self-steepening and self-frequency shift. Using the Painleve singularity structure analysis, we obtain two cases for this system to admit the Painleve property. Then for case (1) we derive the optical dark solitons via solving the Hirota bilinear equations; and based on the obtained (2N+1)x(2N+1) Lax pair, we construct the Darboux transformation to obtain the optical bright solitons (including the multisoliton profiles) for case (2). Finally, the features of optical solitons (both dark and bright ones) in inhomogeneous optical fibers are analyzed and graphically discussed.

Lue Xing; Li Juan; Zhang Haiqiang; Xu Tao; Li Lili [School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, P.O. Box 49, Beijing 100876 (China); Tian Bo [School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, P.O. Box 49, Beijing 100876 (China); State Key Laboratory of Software Development Environment, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications (BUPT), Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, P.O. Box 128, Beijing 100876 (China)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Optical Expanders with Applications in Optical Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Expanders with Applications in Optical Computing John H. Reif Akitoshi Yoshida July 20, 1999 Abstract We describe and investigate an optical system which we call an optical expander. An optical expander elec- trooptically expands an optical boolean pattern encoded in d bits into an optical

Reif, John H.

167

Pitchfork bifurcation and all-optical flip-flop operation with a coupled traveling-wave amplifier system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mirrorless optical bistability arising through pitchfork bifurcation is predicted in a coupled anisotropic traveling-wave laser amplifier system. It is shown theoretically that an...

Otsuka, Kenju; Chern, Jyh-Long; McIver, John K

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Signal processing for fiber optic acoustic sensor system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phase compensator. Two passive demodulation techniques based on a 3 by 3 output coupler in the Mach-Zehnder interferometer provide a way to eliminate phase fading suffered inside the interferometric sensors. System measurements utilizing the two...

Zhu, Juhong

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

169

NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

inside the IOM are operated at a pressure of 10 torr with a 1-SLPM purge of clean dry air, separated from the argon environment of the beam transport system by a 1 pressure...

170

Building America Expert Meeting: Recommendations for Applying Water Heaters in Combination Space and Domestic Water Heating Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The topic of this meeting was 'Recommendations For Applying Water Heaters In Combination Space And Domestic Water Heating Systems.' Presentations and discussions centered on the design, performance, and maintenance of these combination systems, with the goal of developing foundational information toward the development of a Building America Measure Guideline on this topic. The meeting was held at the Westford Regency Hotel, in Westford, Massachusetts on 7/31/2011.

171

Optimum topology of quasi-one dimensional nonlinear optical quantum systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the optimum topology of quasi-one dimensional nonlinear optical structures using generalized quantum graph models. Quantum graphs are relational graphs endowed with a metric and a multiparticle Hamiltonian acting on the edges, and have a long application history in aromatic compounds, mesoscopic and artificial materials, and quantum chaos. Quantum graphs have recently emerged as models of quasi-one dimensional electron motion for simulating quantum-confined nonlinear optical systems. This paper derives the nonlinear optical properties of quantum graphs containing the basic star vertex and compares their responses across topological and geometrical classes. We show that such graphs have exactly the right topological properties to generate energy spectra required to achieve large, intrinsic optical nonlinearities. The graphs have the exquisite geometrical sensitivity required to tune wave function overlap in a way that optimizes the transition moments. We show that this class of graphs consistently produces intrinsic optical nonlinearities near the fundamental limits. We discuss the application of the models to the prediction and development of new nonlinear optical structures.

Rick Lytel; Shoresh Shafei; Mark G. Kuzyk

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

172

Norm estimates of complex symmetric opera-tors applied to quantum systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for computing the norm of a compact complex symmetric operator. This ob- servation is applied to two concrete symmetric operator [10]. For certain unbounded operators with compact resolvent, the refined polar with non-selfadjoint operators is much more difficult than with self- adjoint operators due to the lack

173

Optically Detected Magnetic Resonance Studies on ?-conjugated semiconductor systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optically Detected Magnetic Resonance (ODMR) techniques were used to investigate the dynamics of excitons and charge carriers in ?-conjugated organic semiconductors. Degradation behavior of the negative spin-1/2 electroluminescence-detected magnetic resonance (ELDMR) was observed in Alq3 devices. The increase in the resonance amplitude implies an increasing bipolaron formation during degradation, which might be the result of growth of charge traps in the device. The same behavior of the negative spin-1/2 ELDMR was observed in 2wt% Rubrene doped Tris(8-hydroxyquinolinato)aluminium (Alq3) devices. However, with increasing injection current, a positive spin-1/2 ELDMR, together with positive spin 1 triplet powder patterns at {delta}m{sub S}={+-}1 and {delta}m{sub S}={+-}2, emerges. Due to the similarities in the frequency dependences of single and double modulated ELDMR and the photoluminescence-detected magnetic resonance (PLDMR) results in poly[2-methoxy-5-(2 -ethyl-hexyloxy)-1,4-phenyl ene vinylene] (MEH-PPV) films, the mechanism for this positive spin-1/2 ELDMR was assigned to enhanced triplet-polaron quenching under resonance conditions. The ELDMR in rubrene doped Alq3 devices provides a path to investigate charge distribution in the device under operational conditions. Combining the results of several devices with different carrier blocking properties and the results from transient EL, it was concluded trions not only exist near buffer layer but also exist in the electron transport layer. This TPQ model can also be used to explain the positive spin-1/2 PLDMR in poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) films at low temperature and in MEH-PPV films at various temperatures up to room temperature. Through quantitative analysis, TE-polaron quenching (TPQ) model is shown having the ability to explain most behaviors of the positive spin-1/2 resonance. Photocurrent detected magnetic resonance (PCDMR) studies on MEH-PPV devices revealed a novel transient resonance signal. The signal may originate from the higher concentration of deep traps near cathode. A quantitative analysis based on this assumption was carried out and found to be consistent with the experimental results.

Chen, Ying

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

174

Hybrid Quantum System of a Nanofiber Mode Coupled to Two Chains of Optically Trapped Atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A tapered optical nanofiber simultaneously used to trap and optically interface of cold atoms through evanescent fields constitutes a new and well controllable hybrid quantum system. The atoms are trapped in two parallel 1D optical lattices generated by suitable far blue and red detuned evanescent field modes very close to opposite sides of the nanofiber surface. Collective electronic excitations (excitons) of each of the optical lattices are resonantly coupled to the second lattice forming symmetric and antisymmetric common excitons. In contrast to the inverse cube dependence of the individual atomic dipole-dipole interaction, we analytically find an exponentially decaying coupling strength with distance between the lattices. The resulting symmetric (bright) excitons strongly interact with the resonant nanofiber photons to form fiber polaritons, which can be observed through linear optical spectra. For large enough wave vectors the polariton decay rate to free space is strongly reduced, which should render this system ideal for the realization of long range quantum communication between atomic ensembles.

Hashem Zoubi; Helmut Ritsch

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

175

New Energy-Saving Fiber Optic Lighting System Lights Up Public Spaces  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Focus to develop a Energy Focus to develop a breakthrough lighting technology that delivers light comparable to conventional lamps while using significantly less energy per lumen, reducing watts per square foot without sacrificing light levels. As a result of DOE SBIR and other government funding, EFO (efficient fiber optics) Lighting Systems can deliver as much as 80% energy savings over halogen or

176

An Ultra-Low Power, Optically-Interrogated Smart Tagging and Identification System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

appropriate for applications that require a measure of privacy or security (e.g., identify friend identification system that employs an optical communications link between an array of uniquely identifiable smart tags and an interrogator flashlight. As the tags consume a quiescent current of under 2 microamperes

177

Expanding Laser Beams: Many times when a laser is used in an optical system,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L- L Project#3 Expanding Laser Beams: Many times when a laser is used in an optical system, there is a requirement for either a larger beam or a beam that has a small divergence (doesn't change size over the length of the experiment). In some casesthe size of the beam becomes critical, for example;when measuring

Yu, Jaehoon

178

Evaluation of White Light Sources For an Absolute Fiber Optic Sensor Readout System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes work done in pursuit of an absolute readout system for Fabry-Perot optics sensors such as those built both by FISO and LLNL. The use of white light results in a short coherence length reducing the ambiguity of the Fabry-Perot gap measurement which is required to readout the sensor. The light source coherence length is the critical parameter in determining the ability to build a relative or an absolute system. Optical sources such as lasers and LEDs are rather narrow in optical spectral bandwidth and have long coherence length. Thus, when used in interferometric sensor measurements, one fringe looks much like another and it is difficult to make an absolute measurement. In contrast, white light sources are much broader in spectral bandwidth and have very short coherence lengths making interferometry possible only over the coherence length, which can be 1 or 2 microns. The small number of fringes in the interferogram make it easier to calculate the centroid and to unambiguously determine the sensor gap. However, unlike LEDs and Lasers, white light sources have very low optical power when coupled into optical fibers. Although, the overall light output of a white light source can be hundreds of milliwatts to watts, it is difficult to couple more than microwatts into a 50-micron core optical fiber. In addition, white light sources have a large amount of optical power in spectrum that is not necessarily useful in terms of sensor measurements. The reflectivity of a quarter wave of Titanium Oxide is depicted in Figure 2. This coating of Titanium Oxide is used in the fabrication of the sensor. This figure shows that any light emitted at wavelengths shorter than 600 nm is not too useful for the readout system. A white light LED spectrum is depicted in Figure 3 and shows much of the spectrum below 600 nm. In addition Silicon photodiodes are usually used in the readout system limiting the longest wavelength to about 1100 nm. Tungsten filament sources may have much of their optical power at wavelengths longer than 1100 nm, which is outside the wavelength range of interest. An incandescent spectrum from a tungsten filament is depicted in Figure 4. None of this is to say that other types of readout systems couldn't be built with IR detectors and broadband coatings for the sensors. However, without reengineering the sensors, the wavelength restrictions must be tolerated.

McConaghy, C F

2003-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

179

Matrix analysis applied to the equivalent circuits of ?, , and o-components of three-phase systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBRARY i Ii R COLLEGE OF IEXAO MATlUX ANALYSIS APPLIED TO THE EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS OF , P, AND 0 COMPONENTS OF THREE-PHASE SYSTEMS A Theeie MARSHALL CHUAN YUNG KUO b ~ Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricnltaral and Mechaaical... College of Tenas ln partial fnlfillment of the reqniremente for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1958 Ms(or Sub)ect: Electrical Engineering LIBRARY A 4 M COLLEGE OF TEXAS MATRIX ANALYSIS APPLIED TO THE EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS OF g, p, AND 0...

Kuo, Marshall Chuan Yung

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Vibration diagnosis and remediation design for an x-ray optics stitching interferometer system.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Photon Source (APS) x-ray optics Metrology Laboratory currently operates a small-aperture Wyko laser interferometer in a stitching configuration. While the stitching configuration allows for easier surface characterization of long x-ray substrates and mirrors, the addition of mechanical components for optic element translation can compromise the ultimate measurement performance of the interferometer. A program of experimental vibration measurements, quantifying the laboratory vibration environment and identifying interferometer support-system behavior, has been conducted. Insight gained from the ambient vibration assessment and modal analysis has guided the development of a remediation technique. Discussion of the problem diagnosis and possible solutions are presented in this paper.

Preissner, C.; Assoufid, L.; Shu, D.; Experimental Facilities Division (APS)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Compositional trends of ?-induced optical changes observed in chalcogenide glasses of binary As-S system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compositional trends of ?-induced optical changes in chalcogenide glasses are studied with the binary As-S system. Effects of ?-irradiation and annealing are compared using the changes measured in the fundamental optical absorption edge region. It is shown that annealing near the glass transition temperature leads to bleaching of As-S glasses, while ?-irradiation leads to darkening; both depend on the glass composition and thermal history of the specimens. These results are explained in terms of competitive destructionpolymerization transformations and physical aging occurring in As-S chalcogenide glasses under the influence of ?-irradiation.

Shpotyuk, M.; Shpotyuk, O.; Golovchak, Roman; McCloy, John S.; Riley, Brian J.

2014-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - applying energy system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mathematics 4 California Energy Commission "Our District now has a heightened Summary: , heating and cooling systems, and more? Look at the benefits of our Energy Efficiency Loan...

183

Applying Systems Engineering in a Renewable Energy Research and Development Environment: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines lessons learned in systems engineering research and development at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and explores new ideas for future process enhancements.

Snyder, N.; Antkowiak, M.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Research On Fiber Optic Sensing Systems And Their Application As Final Repository Monitoring Tools  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For several years, fiber-optic sensing devices had been used for straightforward on/off monitoring functions such as presence and position detection. Recently, they gained interest as they offer a novel, exciting technology for a multitude of sensing applications. In the deep geological environment most physical properties, and thus most parameters important to safety, can be measured with fiber-optic technology. Typical examples are displacements, strains, radiation dose and dose rate, presence of some gases, temperature, pressure, etc. Their robustness, immunity to electromagnetic interference, as well as their large bandwidths and data rates ensure high reliability and superior performance. Moreover, the networking capabilities of meanwhile available fiber-optic sensors allow for efficient management of large sensor systems. Distributed sensing with multiple sensing locations on a single fiber reduces significantly the number of cables and connecting points. Reliable, cost effective, and maintenance-free solutions can thus be implemented.

Jobmann, M.; Biurrun, E.

2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

185

Systems and methods for optically measuring properties of hydrocarbon fuel gases  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for optical interrogation and measurement of a hydrocarbon fuel gas includes a light source generating light at near-visible wavelengths. A cell containing the gas is optically coupled to the light source which is in turn partially transmitted by the sample. A spectrometer disperses the transmitted light and captures an image thereof. The image is captured by a low-cost silicon-based two-dimensional CCD array. The captured spectral image is processed by electronics for determining energy or BTU content and composition of the gas. The innovative optical approach provides a relatively inexpensive, durable, maintenance-free sensor and method which is reliable in the field and relatively simple to calibrate. In view of the above, accurate monitoring is possible at a plurality of locations along the distribution chain leading to more efficient distribution. 14 figs.

Adler-Golden, S.; Bernstein, L.S.; Bien, F.; Gersh, M.E.; Goldstein, N.

1998-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

186

Systems and methods for optically measuring properties of hydrocarbon fuel gases  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for optical interrogation and measurement of a hydrocarbon fuel gas includes a light source generating light at near-visible wavelengths. A cell containing the gas is optically coupled to the light source which is in turn partially transmitted by the sample. A spectrometer disperses the transmitted light and captures an image thereof. The image is captured by a low-cost silicon-based two-dimensional CCD array. The captured spectral image is processed by electronics for determining energy or BTU content and composition of the gas. The innovative optical approach provides a relatively inexpensive, durable, maintenance-free sensor and method which is reliable in the field and relatively simple to calibrate. In view of the above, accurate monitoring is possible at a plurality of locations along the distribution chain leading to more efficient distribution.

Adler-Golden, Steven (Newtonville, MA); Bernstein, Lawrence S. (Lexington, MA); Bien, Fritz (Concord, MA); Gersh, Michael E. (Bedford, MA); Goldstein, Neil (Belmont, MA)

1998-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

187

Developing Magnetorheological Finishing (MRF) Technology for the Manufacture of Large-Aperture Optics in Megajoule Class Laser Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last eight years we have been developing advanced MRF tools and techniques to manufacture meter-scale optics for use in Megajoule class laser systems. These systems call for optics having unique characteristics that can complicate their fabrication using conventional polishing methods. First, exposure to the high-power nanosecond and sub-nanosecond pulsed laser environment in the infrared (>27 J/cm{sup 2} at 1053 nm), visible (>18 J/cm{sup 2} at 527 nm), and ultraviolet (>10 J/cm{sup 2} at 351 nm) demands ultra-precise control of optical figure and finish to avoid intensity modulation and scatter that can result in damage to the optics chain or system hardware. Second, the optics must be super-polished and virtually free of surface and subsurface flaws that can limit optic lifetime through laser-induced damage initiation and growth at the flaw sites, particularly at 351 nm. Lastly, ultra-precise optics for beam conditioning are required to control laser beam quality. These optics contain customized surface topographical structures that cannot be made using traditional fabrication processes. In this review, we will present the development and implementation of large-aperture MRF tools and techniques specifically designed to meet the demanding optical performance challenges required in large-aperture high-power laser systems. In particular, we will discuss the advances made by using MRF technology to expose and remove surface and subsurface flaws in optics during final polishing to yield optics with improve laser damage resistance, the novel application of MRF deterministic polishing to imprint complex topographical information and wavefront correction patterns onto optical surfaces, and our efforts to advance the technology to manufacture large-aperture damage resistant optics.

Menapace, J A

2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

188

Nonimaging Optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nonimaging optical system, by definition, does not produce an image of the light source. Instead, it is designed to concentrate radiation at a density as high as theoretically possible. Nonimaging optics h...

Dr. Ralf Leutz; Dr. Akio Suzuki

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Optical Expanders with Applications in Optical Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Expanders with Applications in Optical Computing John H. Reif \\Lambda Akitoshi Yoshida \\Lambda July 20, 1999 Abstract We describe and investigate an optical system which we call an optical expander. An optical expander elec­ trooptically expands an optical boolean pattern encoded in d bits

Reif, John H.

190

Development of an Integrated Multicontaminant Removal Process Applied to Warm Syngas Cleanup for Coal-Based Advanced Gasification Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

an Integrated an Integrated Multicontaminant Removal Process Applied to Warm Syngas Cleanup for Coal-Based Advanced Gasification Systems Background The U.S. has more coal than any other country, and it can be converted through gasification into electricity, liquid fuels, chemicals, or hydrogen. However, for coal gasification to become sufficiently competitive to benefit the U.S. economy and help reduce our dependence on foreign fuels, gasification costs must be reduced

191

ADVANCED EXERGY ANALYSIS APPLIED TO THE GAS-TURBINE BASED CO-GENERATION SYSTEM.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis focuses on the evaluation and improvement of a gas-turbine based co-generation system, from an exergetic point of view. A conventional exergy analysis has (more)

AZZARELLI, GIUSEPPE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Applied fractionalization : quantum phases and phase transitions of strongly interacting systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strongly correlated systems present interesting challenges in condensed matter physics. On the one hand, the theoretical work in the last two decades suggests that strong interactions may lead to new phases and phase ...

Grover, Tarun, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Ensemble Classification System Applied for Retinal Vessel Segmentation on Child Images Containing Various Vessel Profiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a new supervised method for segmentation of blood vessels in retinal images of multi ethnic school children. This method uses an ensemble classification system of boot strapped decision tr...

M. M. Fraz; P. Remagnino; A. Hoppe; B. Uyyanonvara

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Biodiversity in the context of ecosystem services: the applied need for systems approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Biodiversity science and conservation...population-level approaches are used...included the management of agricultural...a systems approach; there must...thinking and approaches to ongoing conservation management and monitoring...parallel to the science, there have...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Application Analysis on EPON Technology Applied in Communication System of Smart Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper pointed out the problem that cost of communication equipments such as industrial Ethernet switch used to build the communication system of smart substation is excessively high, Analyzed the characteri...

Wei Yong; Xu Wei-guo; Zhang Yong-li

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Rule-Based Energy Management System Applied to Large Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deregulation of electricity and rising fuel costs are causing renewed interest in Energy Management Systems (EMS). This paper details the results of integrating a rule-based EMS controller at a Pulp and Paper Mill and additional findings from...

Gauthier, M.; Childress, R. L.

197

Applying epoch-era analysis for homeowner selection of distributed generation power systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current shift from centralized energy generation to a more distributed model has opened a number of choices for homeowners to provide their own power. While there are a number of systems to purchase, there are no tools ...

Pia, Alexander L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Study of the SMO Algorithm Applied in Power System Load Forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new methodology on the algorithm of sequential minimal optimization (SMO) for power system load was presented. In order to solve the ... (SVM) can not deal with large scale data, this paper introduces the modif...

Jingmin Wang; Kanzhang Wu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Applying simulation experience design methods to creating serious game-based adaptive training systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......environments, adaptive community-based intranets, and intercultural agent-based systems...identify the needs, objectives, and characteristics of a single user in a scenario, and...due to dynamic organizational changes characteristics of many training environments, gathering......

Elaine M. Raybourn

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

A Real-Time Saft System Applied to the Ultrasonic Inspection of Nuclear Reactor Components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1982 Pacific Northwest Laboratory began activity under the sponsorship of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to implement SAFT technology in a field usable system. The ... extensive research related to the...

T. E. Hall; S. R. Doctor; L. D. Reid

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Interval analysis applied to the maximum loading point of electric power systems considering load data uncertainties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper proposes a simple and efficient power flow method to calculate, in an interval manner, the main variables corresponding to the maximum loading point, under load data uncertainties. The resulting interval nonlinear system of equations is solved using Krawczyk method. The proposed methodology is implemented in the Matlab environment using the Intlab toolbox. Results are compared with those obtainable by Monte Carlo simulations. IEEE 30 bus system and a South-southeastern Brazilian network are used to validate the proposed methodology.

L.E.S. Pereira; V.M. da Costa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Systems Theoretic Hazard Analysis (STPA) applied to the risk review of complex systems : an example from the medical device industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traditional methods to identify and document hazards, and the corresponding safety constraints, are lacking in their ability to account for human, software and sub-system interactions in highly technical systems. STAMP, a ...

Antoine, Blandine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Lessons Learned from the Alternative Fuels Experience and How They Apply to the Development of a Hydrogen-Fueled Transportation System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Report describes efforts to deploy alternative transportation fuels and how those experiences might apply to a hydrogen-fueled transportation system.

Melendez, M.; Theis, K.; Johnson, C.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Wavelet based artificial neural network applied for energy efficiency enhancement of decoupled HVAC system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Control methodologies could lower energy demand and consumption of heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and, simultaneously, achieve better comfort conditions. However, the application of classical controllers is unsatisfactory as HVAC systems are non-linear and the control variables such as temperature and relative humidity (RH) inside the thermal zone are coupled. The objective of this study is to develop and simulate a wavelet-based artificial neural network (WNN) for self tuning of a proportional-derivative (PD) controller for a decoupled bi-linear HVAC system with variable air volume and variable water flow responsible for controlling temperature and RH of a thermal zone, where thermal comfort and energy consumption of the system are evaluated. To achieve the objective, a WNN is used in series with an infinite impulse response (IIR) filter for faster and more accurate identification of system dynamics, as needed for on-line use and off-line batch mode training. The WNN-IIR algorithm is used for self-tuning of two PD controllers for temperature and RH. The simulation results show that the WNN-IIR controller performance is superior, as compared with classical PD controller. The enhancement in efficiency of the HVAC system is accomplished due to substantially lower consumption of energy during the transient operation, when the gain coefficients of PD controllers are tuned in an adaptive manner, as the steady state setpoints for temperature and RH are better reached in a shorter period of time. The multi-zone analyses are suggested for future work.

G. Jahedi; M.M. Ardehali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

SM@RT: Applying Architecture-based Runtime Management into Internetware Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China huanggang@sei.pku.edu.cn, songhui the RAI implementation code without any modification on the source code of the target system on Eclipse GUI and Android, C2 arc- hitectural models on JOnAS, Rainbow C/S style on PLASTIC and UML models

Boyer, Edmond

206

A Displacement-Based Error Measure Applied in a Regional Ensemble Forecasting System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Errors in regional forecasts often take the form of phase errors, where a forecasted weather system is displaced in space or time. For such errors, a direct measure of the displacement is likely to be more valuable than traditional measures. A ...

Christian Keil; George C. Craig

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Enhanced System Design Solutions for Wireless Sensor Networks applied to Distributed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

communication solutions for food safety and quality traceability, is oriented to the wine production phase the autoreconfiguring of the whole system. The increasing demand for controlling the agro-food chain at different&NT) solutions for the safety and quality assurance along the food chain in the agrofood industry. Good

Chen, Yuanzhu Peter

208

Schwarzschild-Couder telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array: Development of the Optical System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The CTA (Cherenkov Telescope Array) is the next generation ground-based experiment for very high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray observations. It will integrate several tens of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs) with different apertures into a single astronomical instrument. The US part of the CTA collaboration has proposed and is developing a novel IACT design with a Schwarzschild-Couder (SC) aplanatic two mirror optical system. In comparison with the traditional single mirror Davies-Cotton IACT the SC telescope, by design, can accommodate a wide field-of-view, with significantly improved imaging resolution. In addition, the reduced plate scale of an SC telescope makes it compatible with highly integrated cameras assembled from silicon photo multipliers. In this submission we report on the status of the development of the SC optical system, which is part of the effort to construct a full-scale prototype telescope of this type at the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory in southern Arizona.

Rousselle, Julien; Errando, Manel; Humensky, Brian; Mukherjee, Reshmi; Nieto, Daniel; Okumura, Akira; Vassiliev, Vladimir

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

An optical time-delay estimate for the double gravitational lens system B1600+434  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present optical I-band light curves of the gravitationally lensed double QSO B1600+434 from observations obtained at the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) between April 1998 and November 1999. The photometry has been performed by simultaneous deconvolution of all the data frames, involving a numerical lens galaxy model. Four methods have been applied to determine the time delay between the two QSO components, giving a mean estimate of \\Delta_t = 51+/-4 days (95% confidence level). This is the fourth optical time delay ever measured. Adopting a Omega=0.3, Lambda=0 Universe and using the mass model of Maller et al. (2000), this time-delay estimate yields a Hubble parameter of H_0=52 (+14, -8) km s^-1 Mpc^-1 (95% confidence level) where the errors include time-delay as well as model uncertainties. There are time-dependent offsets between the two (appropriately shifted) light curves that indicate the presence of external variations due to microlensing.

I. Burud; J. Hjorth; A. O. Jaunsen; M. I. Andersen; H. Korhonen; J. W. Clasen; J. Pelt; F. P. Pijpers; P. Magain; R. OEstensen

2000-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

210

Applying Human Factors Evaluation and Design Guidance to a Nuclear Power Plant Digital Control System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States (U.S.) nuclear industry, like similar process control industries, has moved toward upgrading its control rooms. The upgraded control rooms typically feature digital control system (DCS) displays embedded in the panels. These displays gather information from the system and represent that information on a single display surface. In this manner, the DCS combines many previously separate analog indicators and controls into a single digital display, whereby the operators can toggle between multiple windows to monitor and control different aspects of the plant. The design of the DCS depends on the function of the system it monitors, but revolves around presenting the information most germane to an operator at any point in time. DCSs require a carefully designed human system interface. This report centers on redesigning existing DCS displays for an example chemical volume control system (CVCS) at a U.S. nuclear power plant. The crucial nature of the CVCS, which controls coolant levels and boration in the primary system, requires a thorough human factors evaluation of its supporting DCS. The initial digital controls being developed for the DCSs tend to directly mimic the former analog controls. There are, however, unique operator interactions with a digital vs. analog interface, and the differences have not always been carefully factored in the translation of an analog interface to a replacement DCS. To ensure safety, efficiency, and usability of the emerging DCSs, a human factors usability evaluation was conducted on a CVCS DCS currently being used and refined at an existing U.S. nuclear power plant. Subject matter experts from process control engineering, software development, and human factors evaluated the DCS displays to document potential usability issues and propose design recommendations. The evaluation yielded 167 potential usability issues with the DCS. These issues should not be considered operator performance problems but rather opportunities identified by experts to improve upon the design of the DCS. A set of nine design recommendations was developed to address these potential issues. The design principles addressed the following areas: (1) color, (2) pop-up window structure, (3) navigation, (4) alarms, (5) process control diagram, (6) gestalt grouping, (7) typography, (8) terminology, and (9) data entry. Visuals illustrating the improved DCS displays accompany the design recommendations. These nine design principles serve as the starting point to a planned general DCS style guide that can be used across the U.S. nuclear industry to aid in the future design of effective DCS interfaces.

Thomas Ulrich; Ronald Boring; William Phoenix; Emily Dehority; Tim Whiting; Jonathan Morrell; Rhett Backstrom

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Deconfinement in a 2D Optical Lattice of Coupled 1D Boson Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that a two-dimensional (2D) array of 1D interacting boson tubes has a deconfinement transition between a 1D Mott insulator and a 3D superfluid for commensurate fillings and a dimensional crossover for the incommensurate case. We determine the phase diagram and excitations of this system and discuss the consequences for Bose condensates loaded in 2D optical lattices.

A. F. Ho; M. A. Cazalilla; T. Giamarchi

2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

212

A novel dual stator-winding induction generator system applied in wind power generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel usage of 6/3-phase dual stator-winding induction generator (DWIG) with a static excitation power controller (SEC) as a wind power generator. This generator is composed of a standard squirrel-cage rotor and two sets of winding housed in the stator slots. One is referred to as the 6-phase power winding, and the other is defined as the 3-phase control winding. On the basis of the instantaneous power theory, the control mechanism of DWIG wind power system is analysed, and the control winding flux orientation control strategy is obtained consequently. The simulation and experimental results from a prototype of 18 kW 6/3-phase DWIG wind power system are presented to verify the correctness and feasibility of control strategy, and a desirable performance is implemented.

Bu Feifei; Huang Wenxin; Hu Yuwen; Shi Kai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2003 907 Digitally Tunable Microfluidic Optical Fiber Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidic Optical Fiber Devices Francesco Cattaneo, Kirk Baldwin, Shu Yang, Tom Krupenkine, Siddharth microfluidic optical fiber devices. In these systems, mul- tiple, independently controlled microfluidic plugs- tion of this type of microfluidic fiber device. [991] Index Terms--Fluidics, microfluidics, micropumps

Rogers, John A.

214

A search for optical counterparts of the complex Vela X system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pulsar wind nebula (PWN) associated with the Vela pulsar is a bright source in the radio, X-ray and gamma-ray bands, but not in the optical. This source is very near, lying at a distance of 290 pc, as inferred from the radio and optical parallax measurements of the pulsar. Knowledge of the brightness and structure of the Vela PWN in optical is important in order to constrain the underlying particle spectrum (and possibly the B-field properties and particle losses) associated with this extended source. We use results from the Digital Sky Survey, as well as results obtained using the SAAO 1.0 m telescope equipped with an imaging CCD (STE4) and BV filters, in an attempt to measure optical radiation from Vela X. To enlarge our field of view, we constructed a mosaic consisting of 3 x 3 frames around the pulsar position. We present spectral measurements from the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.), Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT), ASCA, Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Very Large Telescope (VLT), New Techn...

Marubini, T E; Venter, C; de Jager, O C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Applied Science/Techniques  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applied Science/Techniques Applied Science/Techniques Applied Science/Techniques Print The ALS is an excellent incubator of new scientific techniques and instrumentation. Many of the technical advances that make the ALS a world-class soft x-ray facility are developed at the ALS itself. The optical components in use at the ALS-mirrors and lenses optimized for x-ray wavelengths-require incredibly high-precision surfaces and patterns (often formed through extreme ultraviolet lithography at the ALS) and must undergo rigorous calibration and testing provided by beamlines and equipment from the ALS's Optical Metrology Lab and Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics. New and/or continuously improved experimental techniques are also a crucial element of a thriving scientific facility. At the ALS, examples of such "technique" highlights include developments in lensless imaging, soft x-ray tomography, high-throughput protein analysis, and high-power coherent terahertz radiation.

216

Fiber optic inclination detector system having a weighted sphere with reference points  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic inclination detector system for determining the angular displacement of an object from a reference surface includes a simple mechanical transducer which requires a minimum number of parts and no electrical components. The system employs a single light beam which is split into two light beams and provided to the transducer. Each light beam is amplitude modulated upon reflecting off the transducer to detect inclination. The power values associated with each of the reflected light beams are converted by a pair of photodetectors into voltage signals, and a microprocessor manipulates the voltage signals to provide a measure of the angular displacement between the object and the reference surface.

Cwalinski, Jeffrey P. (Ballston Lake, NY)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Dual axis translation apparatus and system for translating an optical beam and related method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dual axis translation device and system in accordance with this invention, for translating an optical beam along both an x-axis and a y-axis which are perpendicular to one another, has a beam directing means acting on said optical beam for directing the beam along a particular path transverse to said x and y axes. An arrangement supporting said beam directing means for movement in the x and y direction within a given plane is provided. The arrangement includes a first means for translating said beam directing means along the x-axis in said given plane in order to translate the beam along said x-axis. The arrangement comprises a second means for translating said beam directing means along the y-axis in said given plane in order to translate the beam along said y-axis.

Cassidy, Kelly (Manteca, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

System and method that suppresses intensity fluctuations for free space high-speed optical communication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high-speed (Gbps), free space optical communication system is based on spectral encoding of radiation from a wide band light source, such as a laser. By using partially coherent laser beams in combination with a relatively slow photosensor, scintillations can be suppressed by orders of magnitude for distances of more than 10 km. To suppress the intensity fluctuations due to atmospheric turbulence, a source with partial transverse coherence in combination with slow response time photodetector is used. Information is encoded in the spectral domain of a wideband optical source by modulation of spectral amplitudes. A non-coherent light source with wide spectrum (an LED, for example) may be used for high-speed communication over short (less than about a mile) distances.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Bishop, Alan R. (Los Alamos, NM); Nguyen, Dinh C. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Santa Fe, NM); Gorshkov, Vacheslav N. (Kiev, UA)

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

219

Progress of the ITER equatorial vis/IR wide angle viewing system optical design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The equatorial vis/IR wide angle viewing system is present in four ITER diagnostic equatorial ports. This instrument will cover a large field of view with high spatial and temporal resolutions, to provide real time temperature measurements of plasma facing components, spectral data in the visible range, information on runaway electrons, and pellet tracking. This diagnostic needs to be reliable, precise, and long lasting. Its design is driven by both the tokamak severe environment and the high performances required for machine protection. The preliminary design phase is ongoing. Paramount issues are being tackled, relative to wide spectral band optical design, material choice, and optomechanical difficulties due to the limited space available for this instrument in the ports, since many other diagnostics and services are also present. Recent progress of the diagnostic optical design and status of associated R and D are presented.

Davi, M.; Corre, Y.; Guilhem, D.; Jullien, F.; Reichle, R.; Salasca, S.; Travere, J. M. [Association Euratom CEA, CEA/DSM/IRFM, Cadarache, 13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Cal, E. de la; Manzanares, A.; Pablos, J. L. de [Association Euratom CIEMAT, Av. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Migozzi, J. B. [JBM Optique, 11 Av. de la division Leclerc, 92310 Sevres (France)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Highly-complex optical signal generation using electro-optical systems with non-linear, non-invertible transmission functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a scheme whereby a static non-linear, non-invertible transmission function performed by the electro-optic Mach-Zehnder modulator produces highly complex optical chaos. The scheme allows the deterministic transformation of low-dimensional band-limited chaotic signals into much higher-dimensional structures with broadband spectra and without using any delay elements or feedback. Standard benchmark tests show that all the considered complexity indices are highly increased due to this transformation in a controlled fashion. This mechanism allows the design of simple optoelectronic delayed oscillators with extremely complex chaotic output.

Jos J. Surez-Vargas; Bicky A. Mrquez; Jorge A. Gonzlez

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Assembly and Characterization of a Prototype Laser-Optical Firing System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design, assembly and characterization of the latest generation of a small, ruggedized laser-optical firing system will be discussed. This work builds upon earlier results in an effort to continue the development of robust fiber-coupled laseroptical firing systems.[1][2] This newest prototype strives to improve on earlier designs, while continuing to utilize many of the environmentally proven opto-mechanical sub-assemblies.[2][3] One area of improvement involves the implementation of a second optical safing and arming component. Several additional design improvements were also incorporated to address shortcomings uncovered during environmental testing.[4][5] These tests and the subsequent failure analysis were performed at the laser sub-system level. Four identical prototypes were assembled and characterized. The performance of the units were evaluated by comparing a number of parameters including laser output energy, slope efficiency, beam divergence, spatial intensity profile, fiber injection and splitter-coupler transmission efficiency. Other factors evaluated were the ease of alignment, repeatability of the alignment process and the fabrication of the fiberoptical cables. The experimentally obtained results will be compared and contrasted to the performance of earlier prototypes.

Morelli, Gregg L

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

222

Development of an experimental system for optical characterization of large arbitrarily shaped particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A methodology is presented in order to optically characterize large absorbing irregularly shaped particles. Two experimental systems were developed and implemented: a particle nephelometer which measures angular scattering from a single electrodynamically levitated particle at ?=514.5 nm and an integrating sphere spectrometer which measures the spectral hemispherical reflectance of particulates in the wavelength range from 450 to 1959 nm. The particulates examined were spherical carbon particles and different oil shale particles. Measurements of phase function and cross polarization on individual particles indicate an increase in back scatter with increasing particle albedo. Criteria for particle discrimination are discussed.

Ch. Sasse

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Methods and systems for Raman and optical cross-interrogation in flow-through silicon membranes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Cross-interrogating photonic detection systems and methods are shown. A flow through photonic crystal membrane with a surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate is provided with pores which are distributed along multiple regions. The pores of one region have walls to which a first type of target specific anchor can be attached, while pores of another region have walls to which a second type of target specific anchor can be attached. An optical arrangement out-of-plane to the SERS substrate is also provided for enhanced sensitivity and identification of target organisms.

Bond, Tiziana C.; Letant, Sonia E.

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

224

Applied Science/Techniques  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applied Science/Techniques Print Applied Science/Techniques Print The ALS is an excellent incubator of new scientific techniques and instrumentation. Many of the technical advances that make the ALS a world-class soft x-ray facility are developed at the ALS itself. The optical components in use at the ALS-mirrors and lenses optimized for x-ray wavelengths-require incredibly high-precision surfaces and patterns (often formed through extreme ultraviolet lithography at the ALS) and must undergo rigorous calibration and testing provided by beamlines and equipment from the ALS's Optical Metrology Lab and Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics. New and/or continuously improved experimental techniques are also a crucial element of a thriving scientific facility. At the ALS, examples of such "technique" highlights include developments in lensless imaging, soft x-ray tomography, high-throughput protein analysis, and high-power coherent terahertz radiation.

225

Integrated self-cleaning window assembly for optical transmission in combustion environments  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An integrated window design for optical transmission in combustion environments is described. The invention consists of an integrated optical window design that prevents and removes the accumulation of carbon-based particulate matter and gaseous hydrocarbons through a combination of heat and catalysis. These windows will enable established optical technologies to be applied to combustion environments and their exhaust systems.

Kass, Michael D [Oak Ridge, TN

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

226

OPTICAL STRUCTURE AND EVOLUTION OF THE Arp 104 INTERACTING GALAXY SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Arp 104 is a pair of luminous interacting galaxies consisting of NGC 5216, an elliptical, and NGC 5218, a disturbed disk galaxy and joined by a stellar bridge. We obtained optical imaging to support photometric and color studies of the system. NGC 5216 lies on the red sequence, while the unusual distribution of stellar population properties in combination with intense central star formation in a dusty region result in NGC 5218 being a nearby example of an intermediate color (green valley) system. The stellar bridge has remarkably uniform optical surface brightness, with colors consistent with its stars coming from the outskirts of NGC 5218, but is relatively gas-poor while the northern tidal tail is rich in H I. While both galaxies contain shells, the shell structures in NGC 5218 are pronounced, and some appear to be associated with counter-rotating gas. This combination of features suggests that Arp 104 could be the product of distinct multiple interactions in a small galaxy group, possibly resulting from a hierarchical merging process, and likely leading to the birth of a relatively massive and isolated early-type galaxy.

Gallagher, John S. III; Parker, Angela, E-mail: jsg@astro.wisc.ed, E-mail: parker@astro.indiana.ed [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, 475 N. Charter Street, Madison, WI, 53706 (United States)

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

227

Controlling the dynamics of quantum mechanical systems sustaining dipole-forbidden transitions via optical nanoantennas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We suggest to excite dipole-forbidden transitions in quantum mechanical systems by using appropriately designed optical nanoantennas. The antennas are tailored such that their near field contains sufficiently strong contributions of higher-order multipole moments. The strengths of these moments exceed their free-space analogs by several orders of magnitude. The impact of such excitation enhancement is exemplarily investigated by studying the dynamics of a three-level system. It decays upon excitation by an electric quadrupole transition via two electric dipole transitions. Since one dipole transition is assumed to be radiative, the enhancement of this emission serves as a figure of merit. Such self-consistent treatment of excitation, emission, and internal dynamics as developed in this contribution is the key to predict any observable quantity. The suggested scheme may represent a blueprint for future experiments and will find many obvious spectroscopic and sensing applications.

Robert Filter; Stefan Mhlig; Toni Eichelkraut; Carsten Rockstuhl; Falk Lederer

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

228

Theoretical study of intraband optical transitions in conduction band of dot-in-a-well system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study numerically absorption optical spectra of n-doped InAs/In{sub 015}Ga{sub 085}As/GaAs quantum dot-in-a-well systems. The absorption spectra are mainly determined by the size of a quantum dot and have weak dependence on the thickness of quantum well and position of the dot in a well. The dot-in-a-well system is sensitive to both in-plane and out-of-plane polarizations of the incident light with much stronger absorption intensities for the in-plane-polarized light. The absorption spectrum of in-plane-polarized light has also a multi-peak structure with two or three peaks of comparable intensities, while the absorption spectrum of out-of-plane polarized light has a single well-pronounced peak.

Chaganti, Venkata R.; Apalkov, Vadym [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30302 USA. (Georgia)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30302 USA. (Georgia)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

229

The MAHOROBA Project -- Deep Survey with an Optical Intermediate-Band Filter System on the Subaru Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a summary of the new optical intermediate-band filter system for the prime-focus camera, Suprime-Cam, on the Subaru telescope at Mauna Kea Observatories. We also discuss a future plan to promote a new deep survey with this filter system (the MAHOROBA project).

Taniguchi, Y

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Adaptive optics enhanced simultaneous en-face optical coherence tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive optics enhanced simultaneous en-face optical coherence tomography and scanning laser ophthalmoscopy David Merino and Chris Dainty Applied Optics Group, Department of Experimental Physics, National and Adrian Gh. Podoleanu Applied Optics Group, School of Physical Sciences, University of Kent at Canterbury

Dainty, Chris

231

Earth-to-deep-space optical communications system with adaptive tilt and scintillation correction by use of near-Earth relay mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance of an Earth-to-deep-space optical telecommunications system is degraded by distortion of the beam as it propagates through the turbulent atmosphere. Conventional approaches...

Armstrong, J W; Yeh, C; Wilson, K E

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Applying bottom-up analysis to identify the system boundaries of non-energy use data in international energy statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data on the non-energy use of fossil fuels in energy statistics are subject to major uncertainties. We apply a simple bottom-up methodology to recalculate non-energy use for the entire world and for the 50 countries with the highest consumption of fossil fuels for non-energy purposes. We quantify worldwide non-energy use in the year 2000 to be 242exajoules (EJ), thereby accounting for 6% of the global total primary energy supply (TPES). Our bottom-up estimates are in line with data from international energy statistics for the entire world and for 14 individual countries. Our estimates exceed official non-energy use data for 22 countries, whereas they are lower than official data in the case of 14 countries. Inconsistent system boundaries of non-energy use data in international energy statistics can explain parts of the observed deviations. We regard our bottom-up methodology as reliable albeit being attached with uncertainties. We recommend its use for energy statisticians and greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory makers to generate a shortlist of countries, for which efforts should be made to clarify and improve the quality of non-energy use data in national and international energy statistics.

M. Weiss; M.L. Neelis; M.C. Zuidberg; M.K. Patel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A Novel Statistical Channel Model for Turbulence-Induced Fading in Free-Space Optical Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we propose a new probability distribution function which accurately describes turbulence-induced fading under a wide range of turbulence conditions. The proposed model, termed Double Generalized Gamma (Double GG), is based on a doubly stochastic theory of scintillation and developed via the product of two Generalized Gamma (GG) distributions. The proposed Double GG distribution generalizes many existing turbulence channel models and provides an excellent fit to the published plane and spherical waves simulation data. Using this new statistical channel model, we derive closed form expressions for the outage probability and the average bit error as well as corresponding asymptotic expressions of free-space optical communication systems over turbulence channels. We demonstrate that our derived expressions cover many existing results in the literature earlier reported for Gamma-Gamma, Double-Weibull and K channels as special cases.

Aminikashani, Mohammadreza; Kavehrad, Mohsen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Multiple layer optical memory system using second-harmonic-generation readout  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel optical read and write information storage system is described which comprises a radiation source such as a laser for writing and illumination, the radiation source being capable of radiating a preselected first frequency; a storage medium including at least one layer of material for receiving radiation from the radiation source and capable of being surface modified in response to said radiation source when operated in a writing mode and capable of generating a pattern of radiation of the second harmonic of the preselected frequency when illuminated by the radiation source at the preselected frequency corresponding to the surface modifications on the storage medium; and a detector to receive the pattern of second harmonic frequency generated.

Boyd, Gary T. (Woodbury, MN); Shen, Yuen-Ron (Berkeley, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

SP 800-37 Rev. 1. Guide for Applying the Risk Management Framework to Federal Information Systems: a Security Life Cycle Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of SP 800-37 Rev 1 is to provide guidelines for applying the Risk Management Framework to federal information systems to include conducting the activities of security categorization, security control selection and implementation, security ... Keywords: FISMA, Risk management framework, categorize, common controls, continuous monitoring, information systems, roles and responsibilities, security authorization, security controls

Joint Task Force Transformation Initiative

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Applied Ethics and ICT-Systems in Health Care Copyright 2008, IGI Global. Copying or distributing in print or electronic forms without written permission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applied Ethics and ICT-Systems in Health Care Copyright © 2008, IGI Global. Copying or distributing Ethics and ICT-Systems in Health Care* Göran Collste, Linköping University, Sweden Abstract What are the ethical implications of information and communication technology in health care and how can new ICT

Zhao, Yuxiao

237

E-Print Network 3.0 - akreos advanced optics Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PHYSICS) OR (APPLIED OPTICS... OF OPTICS A-PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS) OR (JOURNAL OF OPTOELECTRONICS AND ADVANCED MATERIALS) OR (JOURNAL... Cited Reference Search ... Source:...

238

3D optical sectioning with a new hyperspectral confocal fluorescence imaging system.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel hyperspectral fluorescence microscope for high-resolution 3D optical sectioning of cells and other structures has been designed, constructed, and used to investigate a number of different problems. We have significantly extended new multivariate curve resolution (MCR) data analysis methods to deconvolve the hyperspectral image data and to rapidly extract quantitative 3D concentration distribution maps of all emitting species. The imaging system has many advantages over current confocal imaging systems including simultaneous monitoring of numerous highly overlapped fluorophores, immunity to autofluorescence or impurity fluorescence, enhanced sensitivity, and dramatically improved accuracy, reliability, and dynamic range. Efficient data compression in the spectral dimension has allowed personal computers to perform quantitative analysis of hyperspectral images of large size without loss of image quality. We have also developed and tested software to perform analysis of time resolved hyperspectral images using trilinear multivariate analysis methods. The new imaging system is an enabling technology for numerous applications including (1) 3D composition mapping analysis of multicomponent processes occurring during host-pathogen interactions, (2) monitoring microfluidic processes, (3) imaging of molecular motors and (4) understanding photosynthetic processes in wild type and mutant Synechocystis cyanobacteria.

Nieman, Linda T.; Sinclair, Michael B.; Davidson, George S.; Van Benthem, Mark Hilary; Haaland, David Michael; Timlin, Jerilyn Ann; Sasaki, Darryl Yoshio; Bachand, George David; Jones, Howland D. T.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

System of laser pump and synchrotron radiation probe microdiffraction to investigate optical recording process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a system of laser-pump and synchrotron radiation probe microdiffraction to investigate the phase-change process on a nanosecond time scale of Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} film embedded in multi-layer structures, which corresponds to real optical recording media. The measurements were achieved by combining (i) the pump-laser system with a pulse width of 300 ps, (ii) a highly brilliant focused microbeam with wide peak-energy width ({Delta}E/E {approx} 2%) made by focusing helical undulator radiation without monochromatization, and (iii) a precise sample rotation stage to make repetitive measurements. We successfully detected a very weak time-resolved diffraction signal by using this system from 100-nm-thick Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} phase-change layers. This enabled us to find the dependence of the crystal-amorphous phase change process of the Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} layers on laser power.

Yasuda, Nobuhiro; Fukuyama, Yoshimitsu; Osawa, Hitoshi [Research and Utilization Division, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Kimura, Shigeru [Research and Utilization Division, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan); Ito, Kiminori; Tanaka, Yoshihito [RIKEN SPring-8 Center, RIKEN, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Matsunaga, Toshiyuki; Kojima, Rie; Hisada, Kazuya; Tsuchino, Akio; Birukawa, Masahiro [R and D Division, Panasonic Corporation, 3-4 Hikaridai, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto 619-0237 (Japan); Yamada, Noboru [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Yoshida-honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Sekiguchi, Koji; Fujiie, Kazuhiko; Kawakubo, Osamu [Advanced Optical Storage Development Department, Advanced Device Technology Platform, Sony Corporation, 4-14-1 Asahi-cho, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0014 (Japan); Takata, Masaki [Research and Utilization Division, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); RIKEN SPring-8 Center, RIKEN, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Department of Advanced Materials Science, School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Electrically-driven optical antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unlike radiowave antennas, optical nanoantennas so far cannot be fed by electrical generators. Instead, they are driven by light or via optically active materials in their proximity. Here, we demonstrate direct electrical driving of an optical nanoantenna featuring an atomic-scale feed gap. Upon applying a voltage, quantum tunneling of electrons across the feed gap creates broadband quantum shot noise. Its optical frequency components are efficiently converted into photons by the antenna. We demonstrate that the properties of the emitted photons are fully controlled by the antenna architecture, and that the antenna improves the quantum efficiency by up to two orders of magnitude with respect to a non-resonant reference system. Our work represents a new paradigm for interfacing electrons and photons at the nanometer scale, e.g. for on-chip wireless data communication, electrically driven single- and multiphoton sources, as well as for background-free linear and nonlinear spectroscopy and sensing with nanometer...

Kern, Johannes; Prangsma, Jord C; Emmerling, Monika; Kamp, Martin; Hecht, Bert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Method for ultrafast optical deflection enabling optical recording via serrated or graded light illumination  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In one general embodiment, a method for deflecting an optical signal input into a waveguide is provided. In operation, an optical input signal is propagated through a waveguide. Additionally, an optical control signal is applied to a mask positioned relative to the waveguide such that the application of the optical control signal to the mask is used to influence the optical input signal propagating in the waveguide. Furthermore, the deflected optical input signal output from the waveguide is detected in parallel on an array of detectors. In another general embodiment, a beam deflecting structure is provided for deflecting an optical signal input into a waveguide, the structure comprising at least one wave guiding layer for guiding an optical input signal and at least one masking layer including a pattern configured to influence characteristics of a material of the guiding layer when an optical control signal is passed through the masking layer in a direction of the guiding layer. In another general embodiment, a system is provided including a waveguide, an attenuating mask positioned on the waveguide, and an optical control source positioned to propagate pulsed laser light towards the attenuating mask and the waveguide such that a pattern of the attenuating mask is applied to the waveguide and material properties of at least a portion of the waveguide are influenced.

Heebner, John E. (Livermore, CA)

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

242

MagAO: Status and on-sky performance of the Magellan adaptive optics system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MagAO is the new adaptive optics system with visible-light and infrared science cameras, located on the 6.5-m Magellan "Clay" telescope at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile. The instrument locks on natural guide stars (NGS) from 0$^\\mathrm{th}$ to 16$^\\mathrm{th}$ $R$-band magnitude, measures turbulence with a modulating pyramid wavefront sensor binnable from 28x28 to 7x7 subapertures, and uses a 585-actuator adaptive secondary mirror (ASM) to provide flat wavefronts to the two science cameras. MagAO is a mutated clone of the similar AO systems at the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) at Mt. Graham, Arizona. The high-level AO loop controls up to 378 modes and operates at frame rates up to 1000 Hz. The instrument has two science cameras: VisAO operating from 0.5-1 $\\mu$m and Clio2 operating from 1-5 $\\mu$m. MagAO was installed in 2012 and successfully completed two commissioning runs in 2012-2013. In April 2014 we had our first science run that was open to the general Magellan community. Observers from Arizona, Ca...

Morzinski, Katie M; Males, Jared R; Kopon, Derek; Hinz, Phil M; Esposito, Simone; Riccardi, Armando; Puglisi, Alfio; Pinna, Enrico; Briguglio, Runa; Xompero, Marco; Quirs-Pacheco, Fernando; Bailey, Vanessa; Follette, Katherine B; Rodigas, T J; Wu, Ya-Lin; Arcidiacono, Carmelo; Argomedo, Javier; Busoni, Lorenzo; Hare, Tyson; Uomoto, Alan; Weinberger, Alycia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

A two-axis in-plane motion measurement system based on optical beam deflection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurement of in-plane motion with high resolution and large bandwidth enables model-identification and real-time control of motion-stages. This paper presents an optical beam deflection based system for measurement of in-plane motion of both macro- and micro-scale motion stages. A curved reflector is integrated with the motion stage to achieve sensitivity to in-plane translational motion along two axes. Under optimal settings, the measurement system is shown to theoretically achieve sub-angstrom measurement resolution over a bandwidth in excess of 1 kHz and negligible cross-sensitivity to linear motion. Subsequently, the proposed technique is experimentally demonstrated by measuring the in-plane motion of a piezo flexure stage and a scanning probe microcantilever. For the former case, reflective spherical balls of different radii are employed to measure the in-plane motion and the measured sensitivities are shown to agree with theoretical values, on average, to within 8.3%. For the latter case, a prototype polydimethylsiloxane micro-reflector is integrated with the microcantilever. The measured in-plane motion of the microcantilever probe is used to identify nonlinearities and the transient dynamics of the piezo-stage upon which the probe is mounted. These are subsequently compensated by means of feedback control.

Sriramshankar, R.; Mrinalini, R. Sri Muthu; Jayanth, G. R. [Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)] [Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

(8/10/2011) Docket Optical System -Fwd: DyoCore Response to Complaint of Energy Commission -Incomplete Page 1 From: Jennifer Martin-Gallardo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(8/10/2011) Docket Optical System - Fwd: DyoCore Response to Complaint of Energy Commission - Incomplete Page 1 From: Jennifer Martin-Gallardo To: Docket Optical System Date: 8/9/2011 4:25 PM Subject: Fwd: DyoCore Response to Complaint of Energy Commission - Incomplete Dockets, Please docket

245

Quantum dynamics of two-optical modes and a single mechanical mode optomechanical system: selective energy exchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the quantum dynamics of an optomechanical setup comprising two optical modes and one mechanical mode. We show that the same system can undergo a Dicke-Hepp-Lieb superradiant type phase transition. We found that the coupling between the momentum quadratures of the two optical fields give rise to a new critical point. We show that selective energy exchange between any two modes is possible by coherent control of the coupling parameters. In addition we also demonstrate the occurrence of Normal Mode Splitting (NMS) in the mechanical displacement spectrum.

Neha Aggarwal; Aranya B Bhattacherjee

2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

246

Issues arising with the application of optical fiber transmission in class 1E systems in nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The application of fiber optic links and networks in safety-critical systems in the next generation of nuclear power plants, as well as in some digital upgrades in present-day plants, will mean that these links must be highly reliable and able to withstand the effect of environmental stressors present at the installation location. This paper discusses the failure modes and age-related mechanisms of fiber optic transmission components and identifies environmental stressors that could adversely affect their reliability over the long term. Some of the standards that could be used in their qualification for safety-critical applications are also discussed briefly.

Korsah, K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Antonescu, C. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

247

Estimation the Performance of Solar Fiber Optic Lighting System after Repairing the Glass Fiber Cables in a South Korean Residential Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The solar fiber optic lighting system consists of the solar ray concentrating apparatus, the tracking control, lighting transmission and emission parts. This system was installed on a 20-storey apartment building in South Korea. Many residents had...

Cha, K. S.; Kim, T. K.; Park, M. S.

248

The end-to-end testbed of the Optical Metrology System on-board LISA Pathfinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LISA Pathfinder is a technology demonstration mission for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA). The main experiment on-board LISA Pathfinder is the so-called LISA Technology Package (LTP) which has the aim to measure the differential acceleration between two free-falling test masses with an accuracy of 3x10^(-14) ms^(-2)/sqrt[Hz] between 1 mHz and 30 mHz. This measurement is performed interferometrically by the Optical Metrology System (OMS) on-board LISA Pathfinder. In this paper we present the development of an experimental end-to-end testbed of the entire OMS. It includes the interferometer and its sub-units, the interferometer back-end which is a phasemeter and the processing of the phasemeter output data. Furthermore, 3-axes piezo actuated mirrors are used instead of the free-falling test masses for the characterisation of the dynamic behaviour of the system and some parts of the Drag-free and Attitude Control System (DFACS) which controls the test masses and the satellite. The end-to-end testbed includes all parts of the LTP that can reasonably be tested on earth without free-falling test masses. At its present status it consists mainly of breadboard components. Some of those have already been replaced by Engineering Models of the LTP experiment. In the next steps, further Engineering Models and Flight Models will also be inserted in this testbed and tested against well characterised breadboard components. The presented testbed is an important reference for the unit tests and can also be used for validation of the on-board experiment during the mission.

Frank Steier; Felipe Guzmn Cervantes; Antonio F. Garca Marn; Domenico Gerardi; Gerhard Heinzel; Karsten Danzmann

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

249

NIF Final Optics Assemblies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NIF Final Optics Assemblies The Final Optics Assemblies (FOAs) are the last element of the main laser system and the first of the target area systems. Each FOA contains four...

250

Use of Zernike polynomials and interferometry in the optical design and assembly of large carbon-dioxide laser systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the need for non-raytracing schemes in the optical design and analysis of large carbon-dioxide lasers like the Gigawatt, Gemini, and Helios lasers currently operational at Los Alamos, and the Antares laser fusion system under construction. The scheme currently used at Los Alamos involves characterizing the various optical components with a Zernike polynomial set obtained by the digitization of experimentally produced interferograms of the components. A Fast Fourier Transform code then propagates the complex amplitude and phase of the beam through the whole system and computes the optical parameters of interest. The analysis scheme is illustrated through examples of the Gigawatt, Gemini, and Helios systems. A possible way of using the Zernike polynomials in optical design problems of this type is discussed. Comparisons between the computed values and experimentally obtained results are made and it is concluded that this appears to be a valid approach. As this is a review article, some previously published results are also used where relevant.

Viswanathan, V.K.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Industrial Fellowship in Logistics Apply the tools of logistics science to analyze, modify or rebuild the logistics system of an industry-leader  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Fellowship in Logistics Project Apply the tools of logistics science to analyze, modify or rebuild the logistics system of an industry-leader automotive supplier company. Understand the logistics of logistics network, and investigate and quantify potential savings. Design the concept of a computerized

Lee, Chi-Guhn

252

Optical assembly of a visible through thermal infrared multispectral imaging system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Optical Assembly (OA) for the Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI) program has been fabricated, assembled, and successfully tested for its performance. It represents a major milestone achieved towards completion of this earth observing E-O imaging sensor that is to be operated in low earth orbit. Along with its wide-field-of-view (WFOV), 1.82{degree} along-track and 1.38{degree} cross-track, and comprehensive on-board calibration system, the pushbroom imaging sensor employs a single mechanically cooled focal plane with 15 spectral bands covering a wavelength range from 0.45 to 10.7 {micro}m. The OA has an off-axis three-mirror anastigmatic (TMA) telescope with a 36-cm unobscured clear aperture. The two key performance criteria, 80% enpixeled energy in the visible and radiometric stability of 1% 1{sigma} in the visible/near-infrared (VNIR) and short wavelength infrared (SWIR), of 1.45% 1{sigma} in the medium wavelength infrared (MWIR), and of 0.53% 1{sigma} long wavelength infrared (LWIR), as well as its low weight (less than 49 kg) and volume constraint (89 cm x 44 cm x 127 cm) drive the overall design configuration of the OA and fabrication requirements.

Henson, T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bender, S.; Byrd, D. [Los Alamos National Labs., NM (United States). NIS Div.; Rappoport, W.; Shen, G.Y. [Raytheon Optical Systems, Inc., Danbury, CT (United States)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

System and method for chromatography and electrophoresis using circular optical scanning  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method is disclosed for chromatography and electrophoresis using circular optical scanning. One or more rectangular microchannel plates or radial microchannel plates has a set of analysis channels for insertion of molecular samples. One or more scanning devices repeatedly pass over the analysis channels in one direction at a predetermined rotational velocity and with a predetermined rotational radius. The rotational radius may be dynamically varied so as to monitor the molecular sample at various positions along a analysis channel. Sample loading robots may also be used to input molecular samples into the analysis channels. Radial microchannel plates are built from a substrate whose analysis channels are disposed at a non-parallel angle with respect to each other. A first step in the method accesses either a rectangular or radial microchannel plate, having a set of analysis channels, and second step passes a scanning device repeatedly in one direction over the analysis channels. As a third step, the scanning device is passed over the analysis channels at dynamically varying distances from a centerpoint of the scanning device. As a fourth step, molecular samples are loaded into the analysis channels with a robot.

Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA); Brewer, Laurence R. (Oakland, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Kimbrough, Joseph R. (Pleasanton, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Optical Encryption with Jigsaw Transform using Matlab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article will describe an optical encryption technical of images which it is proposed in an analogical and digital way. The development of the technical to a digital level, it is made to implementing algorithms (routines) in MATLAB. We will propose a functional diagram to the described analogical development from which designated the optical systems associated with each functional block. Level of security that the jigsaw algorithms provide applied on an image, which has been decomposed into its bit-planes, is significantly better if they are applied on an image that has not been previously decomposed.

Giraldo, Leidy Marcela

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Characterization Of High-Stroke High-Aspect Ratio Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Deformable Mirrors For Adaptive Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirrors For Adaptive Optics, PhD Thesis, University ofFabrication Adaptive optics applications in astronomy Max, Center for Adaptive Optics, University of California,

Bouchti, Mohamed Amine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

High-index-contrast electromechanical optical switches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System developers are looking to replace protocol-dependent, bandwidth-limited optical networks with intelligent optically-transparent integrated photonic networks. Several electromechanical optical switches are explored ...

Bryant, Reginald (Reginald Eugene), 1978-

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Applied Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applied Science Applied Science Correlation of predicted and measured iron oxidation states in mixed iron oxides H. D. Rosenfeld and W. L. Holstein Development of a quantitative measurement of a diesel spray core using synchrotron x-rays C.F. Powell, Y. Yue, S. Gupta, A. McPherson, R. Poola, and J. Wang Localized phase transformations by x-ray-induced heating R.A. Rosenberg, Q. Ma, W. Farrell, E.D. Crozier, G.J. Soerensen, R.A. Gordon, and D.-T. Jiang Resonant x-ray scattering at the Se edge in ferroelectric liquid crystal materials L. Matkin, H. Gleeson, R. Pindak, P. Mach, C. Huang, G. Srajer, and J. Pollmann Synchrotron-radiation-induced anisotropic wet etching of GaAs Q. Ma, D.C. Mancini, and R.A. Rosenberg Synchrotron-radiation-induced, selective-area deposition of gold on

258

The Systems Science & Industrial Engineering (SSIE) Department and The Thomas J. Watson School of Engineering and Applied  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Systems Science & Industrial Engineering (SSIE) Department and The Thomas J. Watson School professionals, we will open the doors to demonstrate what industrial and systems engineers can contribute to any. We offer the BS degree in industrial and systems engineering (ISE), MEng degree in industrial

Suzuki, Masatsugu

259

NFRC Procedures for Applied Films  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applied Films Applied Films Last update: 12/10/2013 07:29 PM NFRC now has a procedure for adding applied films to substrates in Optics5 and importing those applied film constructions into WINDOW5 to be used in a whole product calculation. The information presented below is provided to help simulators with this process. Feel free to contact us at WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov with questions or comments. NFRC Applied Film Procedure Applied Film Procedures (approved by NFRC) (PDF file) Approved Applied Film List (IGDB 33.0) (PDF file) NFRC Laminate Procedure Training Powerpoint with Examples (This Powerpoint presentation was used in the NFRC web based training sessions in December 2006 and January 2007) PowerPoint Presentation (PPT file) PowerPoint Presentation (PDF file) Help and Troubleshooting

260

Study of optical parameters of the Se-As chalcogenide semiconductor system containing EuF{sub 3} impurities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical properties of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors of composition Se{sub 95}As{sub 5} containing different amounts of rare-earth metal fluorides (EuF{sub 3}) are studied, and, on this basis, the fundamental parameters, such as the refractive index and extinction coefficient, are determined. The dependences of these parameters on the content of EuF{sub 3} molecules are nonmonotonic: the low content (below 0.25 at %) aids in decreasing the parameters, whereas the high content tends to increase them. From the analysis of the results with consideration for the structural features of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors of the Se{sub 95}As{sub 5} system (the presence of ordered high-coordinated microregions separated from each other by regions with a lower atomic density), it is concluded that the optical properties of the chalcogenide vitreous semiconductor system under study can be described in the context of Penn's model.

Isayev, A. I.; Mekhtiyeva, S. I.; Garibova, S. N., E-mail: sgaribova@rambler.ru; Alekperov, R. I.; Zeynalov, V. Z. [Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Abdullaev Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Non-contact Micro Vibration Measurement System Based on Optical Fiber Michelson Interferometer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, an optical fiber Michelson interferometer is used to realize non-contact micro vibration measurement. The frequency response range of 1~1KHz and the displacement...

Xing, Chuanqi; Jing, Zhenguo; Peng, Wei

262

Thunderstorm and Lightning Studies using the FORTE Optical Lightning System (FORTE/OLS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary observations of simultaneous RF and optical emissions from lightning as seen by the FORTE spacecraft are presented. RF/optical pairs of waveforms are routinely collected both as individual lightning events and as sequences of events associated with cloud-to-ground (CG) and intra-cloud (IC) flashes. CG pulses can be distinguished from IC pulses based on the properties of the RF and optical waveforms, but mostly based on the associated RF spectrograms. The RF spectrograms are very similar to previous ground-based VHF observations of lightning and show signatures associated with return strokes, stepped and dart leaders, and attachment processes,. RF emissions are observed to precede the arrival of optical emissions at the satellite by a mean value of 280 microseconds. The dual phenomenology nature of these observations are discussed in terms of their ability to contribute to a satellite-based lightning monitoring mission.

Argo, P.; Franz, R.; Green, J.; Guillen, J.L.; Jacobson, A.R.; Kirkland, M.; Knox, S.; Spalding, R.; Suszcynsky, D.M.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

On the possibility of developing incoherent fibre-optic data transmission systems based on signal spectral coding with matched acousto-optical filters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scheme is suggested for developing the optical communication line based on the principle of code division of multiple access with matched acousto-optical filters and a 16-bit long Walsh sequence. Results of modelling show that such a line can operate if adjacent spectral lines are separated by at least double the Rayleigh criterion. (optical information transmission)

Proklov, Valerii V; Byshevski-Konopko, O A; Grigorievski, V I [V.A.Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Fryazino branch, Fryazino, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

264

Optical Communication System for Remote Monitoring and Adaptive Control of Distributed Ground Sensors Exhibiting Collective Intelligence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Comprehensive management of the battle-space has created new requirements in information management, communication, and interoperability as they effect surveillance and situational awareness. The objective of this proposal is to expand intelligent controls theory to produce a uniquely powerful implementation of distributed ground-based measurement incorporating both local collective behavior, and interoperative global optimization for sensor fusion and mission oversight. By using a layered hierarchal control architecture to orchestrate adaptive reconfiguration of autonomous robotic agents, we can improve overall robustness and functionality in dynamic tactical environments without information bottlenecks. In this concept, each sensor is equipped with a miniaturized optical reflectance modulator which is interactively monitored as a remote transponder using a covert laser communication protocol from a remote mothership or operative. Robot data-sharing at the ground level can be leveraged with global evaluation criteria, including terrain overlays and remote imaging data. Information sharing and distributed intelli- gence opens up a new class of remote-sensing applications in which small single-function autono- mous observers at the local level can collectively optimize and measure large scale ground-level signals. AS the need for coverage and the number of agents grows to improve spatial resolution, cooperative behavior orchestrated by a global situational awareness umbrella will be an essential ingredient to offset increasing bandwidth requirements within the net. A system of the type described in this proposal will be capable of sensitively detecting, tracking, and mapping spatial distributions of measurement signatures which are non-stationary or obscured by clutter and inter- fering obstacles by virtue of adaptive reconfiguration. This methodology could be used, for example, to field an adaptive ground-penetrating radar for detection of underground structures in urban environments and to detect chemical species concentrations in migrating plumes. Given is our research in these areas and a status report of our progress.

Cameron, S.M.; Stantz, K.M.; Trahan, M.W.; Wagner, J.S.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Integrated Light Collimating System for Extended Optical-Path-Length Absorbance Detection in Microchip-Based Capillary Electrophoresis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this microchip, the centers of an extended 500-?m detection cell and two optical fibers are self-aligned, and a planoconvex microlens (r = 50 ?m) for light collimation is placed in front of a light-delivering fiber. ... Figure 6 shows the separation results of fluorescein (10 ?M), orange II (120 ?M), and new coccine (60 ?M) in cell C and cell A. Cell C shows an ?10 times increase in sensitivity due to the 10 times longer optical path length than cell A. This result shows that the collimating system integrated in cell C certainly contributes to the increase in the effective path length of the flow cell, and the increase in detection sensitivity of the collimated detection cell can be accomplished in proportion to the optical path length of the flow cell. ... A method is described for fabricating three-dimensional (3D) microfluidic channel systems in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) with complex topologies and geometries that include a knot, a spiral channel, a basketweave of channels, a chaotic advective mixer, a system with braided channels, and a 3D grid of channels. ...

Kyung Won Ro; Kwanseop Lim; Bong Chu Shim; Jong Hoon Hahn

2005-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

266

Ferric oxide quantum dots in stable phosphate glass system and their magneto-optical study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: We report synthesis of ferric oxide embedded low melting phosphate glass nanocomposite and also the effect of ferric oxide nanoparticles (NCs) content on the optical and magneto-optical properties of the glasses. Faraday rotation of the glass nanocomposites was measured and showed variation in Verdet constant with concentration of ferric oxide. Interestingly, the host glass itself showed fairly good Verdet constant (11.5/T cm) and there is a threefold enhancement in the Verdet constant of ferric oxide quantum dot-glass nanocomposite. Highlights: ? We synthesize ferric oxide embedded low melting stable phosphate glass nanocomposite. ? Glasses doped with 0.25 and 2% ferric oxide show particle size in the range of 412 nm. ? The host phosphate glass itself shows fairly good Verdet constant (11.5/T cm). ? Glasses doped with 0.25% ferric oxide show high Verdet constant (30.525/T cm). ? The as synthesis glasses may have potential application in magneto optical devices. -- Abstract: Herein, we report the synthesis of ferric oxide embedded low melting phosphate glass nanocomposite and also the effect of ferric oxide nanoparticles content on the optical and magneto-optical properties of the glasses. The optical study clearly showed red shift in optical cut off with increasing ferric oxide concentration. The band gap of the host glass was observed to be 3.48 eV and it shifted to 3.14 eV after doping with ferric oxide. The glasses doped with 0.25 and 2% ferric oxide showed particle size of 46 nm and 812 nm, respectively. Faraday rotation of the glass nanocomposites was measured and showed variation in the Verdet constant as per increasing concentration of ferric oxide. Interestingly, the host glass itself showed fairly good Verdet constant (11.5/T cm) and threefold enhancement was observed in the Verdet constant of ferric oxide quantum dot-glass nanocomposite.

Garaje, Sunil N.; Apte, Sanjay K. [Nanocomposite Group, Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Government of India, Panchawati, Off Pashan Road, Pune 411008 (India)] [Nanocomposite Group, Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Government of India, Panchawati, Off Pashan Road, Pune 411008 (India); Kumar, Ganpathy [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tennessee Technological University, 1 William L. Jones Drive, Cookeville, TN 38505 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tennessee Technological University, 1 William L. Jones Drive, Cookeville, TN 38505 (United States); Panmand, Rajendra P.; Naik, Sonali D. [Nanocomposite Group, Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Government of India, Panchawati, Off Pashan Road, Pune 411008 (India)] [Nanocomposite Group, Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Government of India, Panchawati, Off Pashan Road, Pune 411008 (India); Mahajan, Satish M., E-mail: smahajan@tntech.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tennessee Technological University, 1 William L. Jones Drive, Cookeville, TN 38505 (United States); Chand, Ramesh [Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Electronics Niketan, 6, CGO Complex, New Delhi 110003 (India)] [Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Electronics Niketan, 6, CGO Complex, New Delhi 110003 (India); Kale, Bharat B., E-mail: bbkale@cmet.gov.in [Nanocomposite Group, Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Government of India, Panchawati, Off Pashan Road, Pune 411008 (India)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Optical devices having flakes suspended in a host fluid to provide a flake/fluid system providing flakes with angularly dependent optical properties in response to an alternating current electric field due to the dielectric properties of the system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical devices utilizing flakes (also called platelets) suspended in a host fluid have optical characteristics, such as reflective properties, which are angular dependent in response to an AC field. The reflectivity may be Bragg-like, and the characteristics are obtained through the use of flakes of liquid crystal material, such as polymer liquid crystal (PLC) materials including polymer cholesteric liquid crystal (PCLC) and polymer nematic liquid crystal (PNLC) material or birefringent polymers (BP). The host fluid may be propylene carbonate, poly(ethylene glycol) or other fluids or fluid mixtures having fluid conductivity to support conductivity in the flake/host system. AC field dependent rotation of 90.degree. can be obtained at rates and field intensities dependent upon the frequency and magnitude of the AC field. The devices are useful in providing displays, polarizers, filters, spatial light modulators and wherever switchable polarizing, reflecting, and transmission properties are desired.

Kosc, Tanya Z. (Rochester, NY); Marshall, Kenneth L. (Rochester, NY); Jacobs, Stephen D. (Pittsford, NY)

2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

268

Data acquisition user's guide-1 for fuel/engine evaluation system applied to an experimental air stirling engine. Technical note  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technical note describes the Data Acquisition (DA) System used in the evaluation of Experimental Air Stirling Engine No. 1 which had previously been designed and built as a part of the Advanced Engines studies for the Fuels/Powerplants Technical Subprogram 25B. The DA system and capability is presented. Brief programming guidelines for controlling various peripheral electronic equipment through a mini-computer are given. The program software used in testing the Stirling engine is described. Finally, some limitations of the DA system are listed.

Bingham, I.R.; Webster, G.D.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Generation of energy-efficient architecture solutions applying GENE_ARCH: An evolution-based generative design system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As the field of design automation and generative design systems (GDS) evolve, more emphasis is placed on issues of design evaluation. This paper focus on the presentation of different applications of GENE_ARCH, an evolution-based GDS aimed at helping ... Keywords: Bioclimatic architecture, Design automation, Embodied energy, Energy efficiency, Generative design systems, Genetic algorithms, Life-cycle analysis, Pareto multicriteria optimization, Sustainable construction

Luisa Caldas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Optically Interconnected MulticomputersUsing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optically Interconnected MulticomputersUsing Inverted-GraphTopologies Tosuccessfullyexploitthebenefitsofopticaltechnologyinatightlycoupledmulticomputer, the architecturaldesignmust reflectboth the advantages and limitationsof optics. This article systems. Although optics have con- tributed dramatically to long-distance communi- cation and more

Krchnavek, Robert R.

271

Decision Support Systems to Identify Efficient Beef Production Systems Collecting individual phenotype data in cattle is expensive; therefore, scientific approaches that integrate and apply accumulated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decision Support Systems to Identify Efficient Beef Production Systems Collecting individual impact of beef production. Objective The objective is to develop a decision-support system and Cornell Value Discovery System) and found that genetic correlations between observed and predicted intakes

272

Comparative Study on Two Types of Electric Control Pressure Amplifier Applied to Augment Common-Rail Injection System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Augment Common-Rail Injection System (ACRS) could realize multilevel injection pressure and adjustable injection rate (square ramp shoot). So it could match operate state of diesel engine well, and has vast potential for reducing the emission of high-power ... Keywords: diesel engine, pressure ratio, fuel consumption, pressure oscillation, NECPA

Hailong Chen; Guangyao Ouyang; Jingqiu Zhang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Applying an intelligent and automated emissions measurement system to characterize the RF environment for supporting wireless technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of wireless technologies in commercial and industrial facilities has grown significantly in the past several years. New applications of wireless technologies with increasing frequency and varying radiated power are being developed everyday. Wireless application specialists and end users have already identified several sources of electromagnetic interference (EMI) in these facilities. Interference has been reported between wireless devices and between these devices and other types of electronic equipment either using frequencies in the unlicensed wireless spectrum or equipment that may generate undesired man-made noise in this spectrum. Facilities that are not using the wireless band should verify the spectral quality of that band and the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) integrity of safety-related power and signal cables before installing wireless technologies. With the introduction of new wireless devices in the same electromagnetic space where analog and digital I and C systems and cables must co-exist, the ability of facility managers to manage their spectra will dictate the degree of interference between wireless devices and other electronic equipment. Because of the unknowns associated with interference with analog and digital I and C systems in the wireless band, nuclear power plants have been slow to introduce wireless technologies in plant areas. With the application of newly developed advanced radiated emissions measurement systems that can record, process, and analyze radiated and conducted emissions in a cost-effective manner, facility managers can more reliably characterize potential locations for wireless technologies, including potential coupling effects with safety-related power and signal cables, with increased confidence that the risks associated with creating an interference can be significantly reduced. This paper will present an effective philosophy already being used in other mission-critical applications for managing EMC, an overview of wireless emissions sources, the need for EMC characterization of power and signal cables with exposure to wireless devices, and an intelligent and automated emissions measurement system. Such a system can be used in nuclear power plants to determine the spectral quality of the wireless band, the EMC characterization of power and signal cables, and if wireless technologies can be collocated in plants while reducing the risk of interference with I and C systems. (authors)

Keebler, P. F.; Phipps, K. O. [EPRI Solutions, 942 Corridor Park Blvd, Knoxville, TN 37932 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Lessons Learned from the Alternative Fuels Experience and How They Apply to the Development of a Hydrogen-Fueled Transportation System  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Lessons Learned from the Lessons Learned from the Alternative Fuels Experience and How They Apply to the Development of a Hydrogen- Fueled Transportation System M. Melendez, K. Theis, and C. Johnson Technical Report NREL/TP-560-40753 August 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-560-40753 August 2007 Lessons Learned from the Alternative Fuels Experience and How They Apply to the Development of a Hydrogen-

275

Applied Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrumentation and Techniques Instrumentation and Techniques A bent Laue analyzer detection system for dilute fluorescence XAFS C. Karanfil, Z. Zhong, L.D. Chapman, R. Fischetti, C.U. Segre, B.A. Bunker, and G.B. Bunker A classical Hanbury Brown-Twiss experiment with hard x-rays E. Gluskin, E.E. Alp, I. McNulty, W. Sturhahn, and J. Sutter A fixed-angle double-mirror filter for producing a pink undulator beam at the Advanced Photon Source E. Dufresne, T. Sanchez, T. Nurushev, and S. Dierker A hard x-ray scanning microprobe for fluorescence imaging and microdiffraction at the Advanced Photon Source Z. Cai, B. Lai, P. Ilinski, D. Legnini, J. Maser, W. Yun, and W. Rodrigues A high-energy phase retarder for the simultaneous production of right- and left-handed circularly polarized x-rays C.T. Venkataraman, J.C. Lang, C.S. Nelson, G. Srajer, D.R. Haeffner, and

276

Method and system for assigning a confidence metric for automated determination of optic disc location  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for assigning a confidence metric for automated determination of optic disc location that includes analyzing a retinal image and determining at least two sets of coordinates locating an optic disc in the retinal image. The sets of coordinates can be determined using first and second image analysis techniques that are different from one another. An accuracy parameter can be calculated and compared to a primary risk cut-off value. A high confidence level can be assigned to the retinal image if the accuracy parameter is less than the primary risk cut-off value and a low confidence level can be assigned to the retinal image if the accuracy parameter is greater than the primary risk cut-off value. The primary risk cut-off value being selected to represent an acceptable risk of misdiagnosis of a disease having retinal manifestations by the automated technique.

Karnowski, Thomas P. (Knoxville, TN); Tobin, Jr., Kenneth W. (Harriman, TN); Muthusamy Govindasamy, Vijaya Priya (Knoxville, TN); Chaum, Edward (Memphis, TN)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

277

E-Print Network 3.0 - all-fiber-optic endomicroscopy system Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

red flag imaging systems in characterizing colo... mucosa. These techniques include broad field imaging systems, such as dye-based chro- moendoscopy... - rectal neoplasia....

278

Impact of energy supply infrastructure in life cycle analysis of hydrogen and electric systems applied to the Portuguese transportation sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen and electric vehicle technologies are being considered as possible solutions to mitigate environmental burdens and fossil fuel dependency. Life cycle analysis (LCA) of energy use and emissions has been used with alternative vehicle technologies to assess the Well-to-Wheel (WTW) fuel cycle or the Cradle-to-Grave (CTG) cycle of a vehicle's materials. Fuel infrastructures, however, have thus far been neglected. This study presents an approach to evaluate energy use and CO2 emissions associated with the construction, maintenance and decommissioning of energy supply infrastructures using the Portuguese transportation system as a case study. Five light-duty vehicle technologies are considered: conventional gasoline and diesel (ICE), pure electric (EV), fuel cell hybrid (FCHEV) and fuel cell plug-in hybrid (FC-PHEV). With regard to hydrogen supply, two pathways are analysed: centralised steam methane reforming (SMR) and on-site electrolysis conversion. Fast, normal and home options are considered for electric chargers. We conclude that energy supply infrastructures for FC vehicles are the most intensive with 0.030.53MJeq/MJ emitting 0.727.3g CO2eq/MJ of final fuel. While fossil fuel infrastructures may be considered negligible (presenting values below 2.5%), alternative technologies are not negligible when their overall LCA contribution is considered. EV and FCHEV using electrolysis report the highest infrastructure impact from emissions with approximately 8.4% and 8.3%, respectively. Overall contributions including uncertainty do not go beyond 12%.

Alexandre Lucas; Rui Costa Neto; Carla Alexandra Silva

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 7, NO. 2, MAY 1992, PP. 673 683. POINT OF COLLAPSE METHODS APPLIED TO AC DC POWER SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-node bifurcations in power systems including high voltage direct current HVDC transmission. Bus voltage pro les, become plausible when the dynamics for the HVDC system are included. Keywords: Voltage collapse, HVDC the subject of increasing study over the past few years 1 . Furthermore, the relative wide spread use of HVDC

Cañizares, Claudio A.

280

Limitations on High Data Rate Optical Fiber Transmission Systems Due to Transmission Impairment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project supplemented our regular DOE grant from the Basic Energy Sciences organization with the goal of fostering industrial partnerships and student internships. During the project period, we have interacted with between 15 and 20 companies in the optical fiber telecommunications equipment industry, and our students have participated in a number of highly visible projects with companies such as Ciena, Science Applications International Corporation, KDD, ATT, Virtual Photonics, Inc., Phaethon Telecommunications, PhotonEx, and others. The project led to many successful interactions and numerous job offers for our students.

Menyuk, Curtis R.

2002-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

SUB-MICROMETER RESOLUTION TRANSVERSE ELECTRON BEAM SIZE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM BASED ON OPTICAL TRANSITION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRANSITION RADIATION A. Aryshev*, N. Terunuma, and J. Urakawa KEK, 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan Transition Radiation (OTR) appearing when a charged particle crosses a boundary between two media radiation (SR) PSF was applied at Swiss Light Source. The difficulty related to the SR measurements

Sheldon, Nathan D.

282

Structural and environmental monitoring of tracker and vertex systems using Fiber Optic Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fibre optic sensors (FOS) are an established technique for environmental and deformation monitoring in several areas like civil engineering, aerospace, and energy. Their immunity to electromagnetic and magnetic fields and nuclear environments, its small size, multiplexing capability and the possibility to be embedded make them an attractive technology for the structural and environmental monitoring of collider particle physics experiments. Between all the possible Fibre Optic sensors FBGs (Fiber Bragg Grating) seems to be the best solution for HEP applications. The first step was to characterize FBG sensors for it use in High Energy Physics environment. During last two years we have checked the resistance of the Fibre Bragg Grating sensors to radiation. Two irradiation campaigns with protons have been done at CNA (Centro Nacional de Aceleradores). In the near future these sensors are being planned to be used in detectors (the closest one Belle II.). Several work on integration issues in Belle II PXD-SVD, and checking for environmental and deformation monitoring in the detectors inner part has been done.

David Moya; Ivn Vila

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

High-frequency enhancement of magneto-optic data storage signals by optical and electronic filtering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that the system transfer function of magneto-optic data storage systems can be improved significantly by combination of optical filtering and electronic filtering. In our...

Walker, Edwin P; Milster, Tom D

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive optical systems Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- European Southern Observatory Collection: Physics 22 CONCEPTS FOR TEACHING OPTOELECTRONIC CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS Summary: .Lastname@esisar.inpg.fr Keywords : Optoelectronic...

285

Possibilities and limitations of life cycle assessment (LCA) in the development of waste utilization systems - Applied examples for a region in Northern Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Against the background of increasing concerns about climate change, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions has become an integral part of processes in both the waste management and the energy industries. This is reflected in the development of new waste treatment concepts, in which domestic and commercial waste is treated with the aim of utilizing its energy content, while at the same time recycling as much of its material content as possible. Life cycle assessment (LCA) represents a method of assessing the environmental relevance of a waste management system, the basis of which is a material flow analysis of the system in question. GHG emissions from different options for thermal treatment and energy recovery from waste as applied to a region in Northern Germany have been analyzed by the LCA approach and an indicative LCA, which only considers those emissions resulting from operating stages of the system. Operating stages have the main share of emissions compared to pre-processing stages. Results show that through specific separation of waste material flows and highly efficient energy recovery, thermal treatment and energy generation from waste can be optimized resulting in reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases. There are also other areas of waste utilization, currently given little attention, such as the solar drying of sewage sludge, which can considerably contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

Wittmaier, M. [Institute for Recycling and Environmental Protection at Bremen University of Applied Sciences GmbH, Neustadtswall 30, 28199 Bremen (Germany)], E-mail: wittmaier@hs-bremen.de; Langer, S.; Sawilla, B. [Institute for Recycling and Environmental Protection at Bremen University of Applied Sciences GmbH, Neustadtswall 30, 28199 Bremen (Germany)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

In Situ Monitoring of 3D In Vitro Cell Aggregation Using An Optical Imaging System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis. We describe a system for the imaging and analysis of cell aggregation, over long periods, within and motion of the aggregates within the bio- reactor were obtained. Detailed size and population data have feedback system to control the growth of 3D cell cultures for repeatable, reliable, and quality controlled

Waters, Sarah

287

Transpiration purged optical probe  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical apparatus for clearly viewing the interior of a containment vessel by applying a transpiration fluid to a volume directly in front of the external surface of the optical element of the optical apparatus. The fluid is provided by an external source and transported by means of an annular tube to a capped end region where the inner tube is perforated. The perforation allows the fluid to stream axially towards the center of the inner tube and then axially away from an optical element which is positioned in the inner tube just prior to the porous sleeve. This arrangement draws any contaminants away from the optical element keeping it free of contaminants. In one of several embodiments, the optical element can be a lens, a viewing port or a laser, and the external source can provide a transpiration fluid having either steady properties or time varying properties.

2004-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

288

Optical design guidelines for spectral splitting photovoltaic systems : a sensitivity analysis approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar power has unmatched ability to provide greater security and reduced environmental impact for the energy sector. Photovoltaic (PV) systems provide the most popular method used today for harnessing this power. However, ...

Berney Needleman, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Optical and thermodynamic analysis and optimization of a novel solar concentrating system for distributed power generation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A novel central receiver power system utilizing linked-tracking heliostats is analyzed for distributed-scale concentrated solar power. Smaller linkage groupings are typically found to have a (more)

Dunham, Marc Tyler Deo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Arithmetic operations in optical computations using a modified trinary number system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified trinary number (MTN) system is proposed in which any binary number can be expressed with the help of trinary digits (1, 0, 1?). Arithmetic operations can be performed in...

Datta, A K; Basuray, A; Mukhopadhyay, S

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Near perfect optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses a novel fabrication process to produce nearly perfect optics. The process utilizes vacuum deposition techniques to optimally modify polished optical substrate surfaces. The surface figure, i.e. contour of a polished optical element, is improved by differentially filling in the low spots on the surface using flux from a physical vapor deposition source through an appropriate mask. The process is expected to enable the manufacture of diffraction-limited optical systems for the UV, extreme UV, and soft X-ray spectral regions, which would have great impact on photolithography and astronomy. This same technique may also reduce the fabrication cost of visible region optics with aspheric surfaces.

Goeke, R.; Farnsworth, A.V.; Neumann, C.C.; Sweatt, W.C.; Warren, M.E.; Weed, J.W.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Mapping of Ising models onto injection-locked laser systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a mapping protocol to implement Ising models in injection-locked laser systems. The proposed scheme is based on optical coherent feedback and can be potentially applied for...

Utsunomiya, Shoko; Takata, Kenta; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Multispectral breast imaging using a ten-wavelength, 64x64 source/detector channels silicon photodiode-based diffuse optical tomography system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a compact diffuse optical tomography system specifically designed for breast imaging. The system consists of 64 silicon photodiode detectors, 64 excitation points, and 10 diode lasers in the near-infrared region, allowing multispectral, three-dimensional optical imaging of breast tissue. We also detail the system performance and optimization through a calibration procedure. The system is evaluated using tissue-like phantom experiments and an in vivo clinic experiment. Quantitative two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) images of absorption and reduced scattering coefficients are obtained from these experiments. The ten-wavelength spectra of the extracted reduced scattering coefficient enable quantitative morphological images to be reconstructed with this system. From the in vivo clinic experiment, functional images including deoxyhemoglobin, oxyhemoglobin, and water concentration are recovered and tumors are detected with correct size and position compared with the mammography.

Li Changqing; Zhao Hongzhi; Anderson, Bonnie; Jiang Huabei [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-6131 (United States); Department of Radiology, Oconee Memorial Hospital, Seneca, South Carolina 29672 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-6131 (United States)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Thermodynamic and optical analysis for a CPV/T hybrid system with beam splitter and fully tracked linear Fresnel reflector concentrator utilizing sloped panels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Spectral splitting technology that separates solar spectrum into several parts and enables different energy conversions such as photovoltaic (PV) conversion and photo-thermal conversion aims to utilize the full spectrum solar energy efficiently. A novel concentrating PV/Thermal (CPV/T) hybrid system with beam splitter and fully tracked linear Fresnel reflector concentrator utilizing sloped panels was proposed in this study. The relations between the structural parameters and the optical performances of the system were investigated. The concentrated radiation distribution on the PV device surface was simulated by taking into account the main optical errors and shows a good uniformity. Based on the experimental data of the components, thermodynamic analysis on the CPV/T hybrid system was carried out and the results reveal that the overall energy conversion efficiencies of the proposed CPV/T hybrid system is higher than that of the CPV system under the same conditions.

Yang Liu; Peng Hu; Qian Zhang; Zeshao Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Quasi-equilibrium phase diagram and optical response in two-dimensional electron-hole system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study two dimensional electron-hole system in quasi-equilibrium. By using the self-consistent screened T matrix approximation, we present density dependence of ionization ratio. We also discuss the photoluminescence spectra, which are compared with experiment over the wide carrier density range.

Yoshioka, Takuya; Asano, Kenichi [Department of Physics, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, 560-0064 (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

296

Transformations between 2MASS, SDSS and BVRI photometric systems: bridging the near infrared and optical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present colour transformations for the conversion of the {\\em 2MASS} photometric system to the Johnson-Cousins $UBVRI$ system and further into the {\\em SDSS} $ugriz$ system. We have taken {\\em SDSS} $gri$ magnitudes of stars measured with the 2.5-m telescope from $SDSS$ Data Release 5 (DR5), and $BVRI$ and $JHK_{s}$ magnitudes from Stetson's catalogue and \\citet{Cu03}, respectively. We matched thousands of stars in the three photometric systems by their coordinates and obtained a homogeneous sample of 825 stars by the following constraints, which are not used in previous transformations: 1) the data are de-reddened, 2) giants are omitted, and 3) the sample stars selected are of the highest quality. We give metallicity, population type, and transformations dependent on two colours. The transformations provide absolute magnitude and distance determinations which can be used in space density evaluations at short distances where some or all of the {\\em SDSS} $ugriz$ magnitudes are saturated. The combination of these densities with those evaluated at larger distances using {\\em SDSS} $ugriz$ photometry will supply accurate Galactic model parameters, particularly the local space densities for each population.

S. Bilir; S. Ak; S. Karaali; A. Cabrera-Lavers; T. S. Chonis; C. M. Gaskell

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

297

All-Optical Modulation of Localized Surface Plasmon Coupling in a Hybrid System Composed of Photoswitchable Gratings and Au Nanodisk Arrays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

All-Optical Modulation of Localized Surface Plasmon Coupling in a Hybrid System Composed of Photoswitchable Gratings and Au Nanodisk Arrays ... Components of this work were conducted at the Penn State node of the NSF-funded National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network. ...

Yan Jun Liu; Yue Bing Zheng; Justin Liou; I-Kao Chiang; Iam Choon Khoo; Tony Jun Huang

2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

298

EUV Interferometry of a Four-Mirror Ring-Field EUV Optical System Kenneth A. Goldberg*a, Patrick Naulleaua, Phillip J. Batsona, Paul Denhama,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUV Interferometry of a Four-Mirror Ring-Field EUV Optical System Kenneth A. Goldberg*a, Patrick At-wavelength, extreme ultraviolet interferometric measurements of a new, four-mirror, ring of several small-field EUV 10? Schwarzschild objec- tives.5 A new branchline of the undulator source

Bokor, Jeffrey

299

Optical diagnostics for condensed-phase shock-compressed molecular systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental techniques capable of obtaining information about the molecular phenomenology in the region through and immediately behind the shockfront during the shock-compression of condensed-phase molecular systems are discussed and compared. Difficulties associated with performing measurements in this region are briefly reviewed. Some concomitant static experiments that can be used to complement the dynamic measurements are suggested. Developments and advances expected in diagnostic techniques during the next few years are summarized.

Schmidt, S.C.; Moore, D.S.; Shaner, J.W.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Carbon Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electronic states of a 'quantum dot-graphene monolayer-SiO{sub 2} + n{sup +}-Si substrate' system in an external magnetic field are studied. An analytical expression for charge transfer in this system is obtained. The electronic states of a 'quantum dot-graphene bilayer-SiO{sub 2} + n{sup +}-Si substrate' system are considered. The systems under study are interesting from the viewpoint of controlling the optical properties of a quantum dot by means of an applied electric field.

Alisultanov, Z. Z., E-mail: zaur0102@gmail.com [Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov General Physics Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Quantum optical waveform conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Currently proposed architectures for long-distance quantum communication rely on networks of quantum processors connected by optical communications channels [1,2]. The key resource for such networks is the entanglement of matter-based quantum systems with quantum optical fields for information transmission. The optical interaction bandwidth of these material systems is a tiny fraction of that available for optical communication, and the temporal shape of the quantum optical output pulse is often poorly suited for long-distance transmission. Here we demonstrate that nonlinear mixing of a quantum light pulse with a spectrally tailored classical field can compress the quantum pulse by more than a factor of 100 and flexibly reshape its temporal waveform, while preserving all quantum properties, including entanglement. Waveform conversion can be used with heralded arrays of quantum light emitters to enable quantum communication at the full data rate of optical telecommunications.

D Kielpinski; JF Corney; HM Wiseman

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

302

Laser heating of aqueous samples on a micro-optical-electro-mechanical system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system of heating a sample on a microchip includes the steps of providing a microchannel flow channel in the microchip; positioning the sample within the microchannel flow channel, providing a laser that directs a laser beam onto the sample for heating the sample; providing the microchannel flow channel with a wall section that receives the laser beam and enables the laser beam to pass through wall section of the microchannel flow channel without being appreciably heated by the laser beam; and providing a carrier fluid in the microchannel flow channel that moves the sample in the microchannel flow channel wherein the carrier fluid is not appreciably heated by the laser beam.

Beer, Neil Reginald; Kennedy, Ian

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

303

Using optical tweezers, single molecule fluorescence and the ZIF268 protein-DNA system to probe mechanotransduction mechanisms .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Optical tweezers instruments use laser radiation pressure to trap microscopic dielectric beads. With the appropriate chemistry, such a bead can be attached to a single (more)

Lee, Peter, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Alternative technologies to optical monitoring systems relating to regulatory compliance (Title V)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to the development of Title III and Title V of the Clean Air Act Amendments and public awareness of environmentally safe processes, particulate emissions monitoring has become a subject of great importance to the manufacturing sector. An increasing number of monitoring devices are available, and when used in the correct applications, can accurately monitor particulate emissions. This allows identification of a system problem before emissions can reach the stack and trigger non-compliance. This paper focuses on the most widely used technologies for continuous particulate monitoring, specifically the CPM product line, which has been developed to overcome common problems associated with emissions monitoring equipment. Technical data is presented in regard to the CPM operation as well as a case study of a CPM monitor in the asphalt industry.

Craney, B. [BHA Group, Inc., Kansas City, MO (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

305

theoretical and applied fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

theoretical and applied fracture mechanics ELSEVIER Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics 00 and Applied Fracture Mechanics 00 (1995) 000-000 Recently, some European countries developed defect specific. A suitable probabilistic fracture mechanic

Cizelj, Leon

306

Stratospheric profiles of nitrogen dioxide observed by Optical Spectrograph and Infrared Imager System on the Odin satellite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stratospheric profiles of nitrogen dioxide observed by Optical Spectrograph and Infrared Imager of nitrogen dioxide in the 19­40 km altitude range are successfully retrieved over the globe from Optical, iterative onion peel Citation: Sioris, C. E., et al., Stratospheric profiles of nitrogen dioxide observed

Chance, Kelly

307

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive optics optical Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS Summary: .Lastname@esisar.inpg.fr Keywords : Optoelectronic devices, optical signals, communication systems, modeling, simulation, CAD... ....

308

Optical fuel pin scanner  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical scanner for indicia arranged in a focal plane at a cylindrical outside surface by use of an optical system including a rotatable dove prism. The dove prism transmits a rotating image of an encircled cylindrical surface area to a stationary photodiode array.

Kirchner, Tommy L. (Richland, WA); Powers, Hurshal G. (Richland, WA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Optical scanning apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical scanner employed in a radioactive environment for reading indicia imprinted about a cylindrical surface of an article by means of an optical system including metallic reflective and mirror surfaces resistant to degradation and discoloration otherwise imparted to glass surfaces exposed to radiation is described.

Villarreal, R.A.

1985-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

310

Active Optics, Adaptive Optics, and Laser Guide Stars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching...WITH A SEGMENTED ADAPTIVE MIRROR, APPLIED OPTICS 31 : 3161...Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching...defo-cusing, decentering, or mirror deformations generated by...

N. Hubin; L. Noethe

1993-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

311

LSST Camera Optics Design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) uses a novel, three-mirror, telescope design feeding a camera system that includes a set of broad-band filters and three refractive corrector lenses to produce a flat field at the focal plane with a wide field of view. Optical design of the camera lenses and filters is integrated in with the optical design of telescope mirrors to optimize performance. We discuss the rationale for the LSST camera optics design, describe the methodology for fabricating, coating, mounting and testing the lenses and filters, and present the results of detailed analyses demonstrating that the camera optics will meet their performance goals.

Riot, V J; Olivier, S; Bauman, B; Pratuch, S; Seppala, L; Gilmore, D; Ku, J; Nordby, M; Foss, M; Antilogus, P; Morgado, N

2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

312

Applied ALARA techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presentation focuses on some of the time-proven and new technologies being used to accomplish radiological work. These techniques can be applied at nuclear facilities to reduce radiation doses and protect the environment. The last reactor plants and processing facilities were shutdown and Hanford was given a new mission to put the facilities in a safe condition, decontaminate, and prepare them for decommissioning. The skills that were necessary to operate these facilities were different than the skills needed today to clean up Hanford. Workers were not familiar with many of the tools, equipment, and materials needed to accomplish:the new mission, which includes clean up of contaminated areas in and around all the facilities, recovery of reactor fuel from spent fuel pools, and the removal of millions of gallons of highly radioactive waste from 177 underground tanks. In addition, this work has to be done with a reduced number of workers and a smaller budget. At Hanford, facilities contain a myriad of radioactive isotopes that are 2048 located inside plant systems, underground tanks, and the soil. As cleanup work at Hanford began, it became obvious early that in order to get workers to apply ALARA and use hew tools and equipment to accomplish the radiological work it was necessary to plan the work in advance and get radiological control and/or ALARA committee personnel involved early in the planning process. Emphasis was placed on applying,ALARA techniques to reduce dose, limit contamination spread and minimize the amount of radioactive waste generated. Progress on the cleanup has,b6en steady and Hanford workers have learned to use different types of engineered controls and ALARA techniques to perform radiological work. The purpose of this presentation is to share the lessons learned on how Hanford is accomplishing radiological work.

Waggoner, L.O.

1998-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

313

A causal approach to first-order optical equivalency of inertial systems, by means of a beam-pointing test-experiment based on speed-induced deflection of light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the framework of test-experiments, an original pointing set-up based on speed-induced deflection of a light-beam and using a high-resolution opto-electronic array as a position detector, is proposed. The device would provide a new way to ratify the first order optical equivalency of inertial systems and to sound its causal groundwork. The type of test provided applies to any device using beams, but here it has been adapted for an up-dated check-up of Michelson's experiment and to bear out the interpretation derived from its null result. Rather than searching for a speed-induced phase-shift as Michelson's experiment was conceived for, the present set-up would instead detect any deviation from first-order equivalency through any speed-induced lateral-shift between the two split beams on recombining. In effect, any eventual slight shift would affect the beam path and hence the interferometric performances. Taking into account the conceptual transcendence of the deductions derived from this experiment and that it constitutes, through the invariance of its result, one of the most relevant historical experimental proofs considered to back the theory of special relativity, and in particular its first postulate on the exhaustive equivalency of inertial systems, it cannot be superfluous to carefully update its performances and the derived deductions. So, the presence as well as the absence of speed-induced beam deflection have been considered, and their respective implications analyzed and related to the null result of this archetypal interferometric experiment, which is still much adequate for a conceptual analysis. A causal approach to the first-order optical equivalency of inertial systems is advanced.

G. Sardin

2004-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

314

Using optical tweezers, single molecule fluorescence and the ZIF268 protein-DNA system to probe mechanotransduction mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical tweezers instruments use laser radiation pressure to trap microscopic dielectric beads. With the appropriate chemistry, such a bead can be attached to a single molecule as a handle, permitting the application of ...

Lee, Peter, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Integrated optics and new wave phenomena in optical waveguides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Research in integrated optics has two goals: One is to apply thin-film technology to the formation of optical devices and circuits. The other is the integration of a large number of optical devices on a small substrate, so forming an optical circuit reminiscent of the integrated circuit in microelectronics. The result is a new breed of optical devices in the form of miniature optical waveguides. They include lasers, modulators, switches, detectors, prisms, lenses, and polarizers, and many of them have efficiencies better than their bulk counterparts. Simple integrated optical circuits have also been constructed, and rapidly advancing semiconductor technology indicates that monolithic integrated optical circuits can readily be developed using GaAs-related compounds. In this paper, we review the state-of-the-art of integrated optics and explore new wave phenomena in optical circuits. The specific topics to be discussed are: light-wave couplers and m-line spectroscopy, refraction and reflection of light in thin films, normal modes of the uniform, the graded and the metal-clad waveguides, optics in tapered films, theory of corrugated waveguides, and more importantly, physics of various thin-film optical devices and the method of the circuit formation.

P. K. Tien

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Optical cavity furnace for semiconductor wafer processing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical cavity furnace 10 having multiple optical energy sources 12 associated with an optical cavity 18 of the furnace. The multiple optical energy sources 12 may be lamps or other devices suitable for producing an appropriate level of optical energy. The optical cavity furnace 10 may also include one or more reflectors 14 and one or more walls 16 associated with the optical energy sources 12 such that the reflectors 14 and walls 16 define the optical cavity 18. The walls 16 may have any desired configuration or shape to enhance operation of the furnace as an optical cavity 18. The optical energy sources 12 may be positioned at any location with respect to the reflectors 14 and walls defining the optical cavity. The optical cavity furnace 10 may further include a semiconductor wafer transport system 22 for transporting one or more semiconductor wafers 20 through the optical cavity.

Sopori, Bhushan L.

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

317

6.453 Quantum Optical Communication, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course is offered to graduate students and covers topics in five major areas of quantum optical communication: quantum optics, single-mode and two-mode quantum systems, multi-mode quantum systems, nonlinear optics, ...

Shapiro, Jeffrey H. (Jeffrey Howard)

318

Applied Math and Statistics: Applied Math Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applied Math and Statistics: Applied Math Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014 http://matlab-training.soe.ucsc.edu/ PROBABILITY THEORY OR AMS 131 Introduction to Probability Theory CE 107 Mathematical Methods of Systems by the department. #12;Applied Math and Statistics: Applied Math Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014 http

Stuart, Josh

319

Coherent manipulation of four-level double lambda-like atomic system by a train of ultra-short few-cycle-optical pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have demonstrated that near complete coherence can be achieved in a four level double lambda-like systems using a train of ultra-short optical pulses. The effect of the Doppler broadening has been analyzed and a scheme has been proposed for establishing high and uniform coherence across different velocity groups in the atomic ensemble. We have also presented a novel scheme of excitation using chirped pulses and shown that in addition to generating coherence in the system it is possible to alter the translational states of the atoms.

Pawan Kumar; Amarendra K. Sarma

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

320

Coherent manipulation of four-level double lambda-like atomic system by a train of ultra-short few-cycle-optical pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have demonstrated that near complete coherence can be achieved in a four level double lambda-like systems using a train of ultra-short optical pulses. The effect of the Doppler broadening has been analyzed and a scheme has been proposed for establishing high and uniform coherence across different velocity groups in the atomic ensemble. We have also presented a novel scheme of excitation using chirped pulses and shown that in addition to generating coherence in the system it is possible to alter the translational states of the atoms.

Kumar, Pawan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

POSITION OPENING APPLIED STATISTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Assistant or Associate Professor of Applied Statistics. Employment Beginning: September 16, 2012 DescriptionPOSITION OPENING APPLIED STATISTICS Department of Decision Sciences Charles H. Lundquist College at the University of Oregon is seeking to fill one tenure-track faculty position in Applied Statistics. Rank

Shepp, Larry

322

Frequency modulated few-cycle optical pulse trains induced controllable ultrafast coherent population oscillations in three-level atomic systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a study on the ultrafast coherent population oscillations (UCPO) in two level atoms induced by the frequency modulated few-cycle optical pulse train. The phenomenon of UCPO is investigated by numerically solving the optical Bloch equations beyond the rotating wave approximation. We demonstrate that the quantum state of the atoms and the frequency of UCPO may be controlled by controlling the number of pulses in the pulse trains and the pulse repetition time respectively. Moreover, the robustness of the population inversion against the variation of the laser pulse parameters is also investigated. The proposed scheme may be useful for the creation of atoms in selected quantum state for desired time duration and may have potential applications in ultrafast optical switching.

Parvendra Kumar; Amarendra K. Sarma

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

323

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced optical materials Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Marked List (0) Summary: OF OPTICS A-PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS) OR (JOURNAL OF OPTOELECTRONICS AND ADVANCED MATERIALS) OR (JOURNAL... with Conference Proceedings Results...

324

Applied quantum mechanics 1 Applied Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that describe the time-dependent state . If can be expressed as a power series in the perturbing potential of a one dimensional har- monic oscillator. At time t = 0 a perturbation is applied where V0-dimensional rectangular potential well for which in the range and elsewhere. It is decided to control the state

Levi, Anthony F. J.

325

Optical Switch  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

seven wonders Optical Switch A key component in the laser chain, an optical switch called a plasma electrode Pockels cell (PEPC), was invented and developed at LLNL. A Pockels cell...

326

Efficiencies of Quantum Optical Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a definition for the efficiency that can be universally applied to all classes of quantum optical detectors. This definition is based on the maximum amount of optical loss that a physically plausible device can experience while still replicating the properties of a given detector. We prove that detector efficiency cannot be increased using linear optical processing. That is, given a set of detectors, as well as arbitrary linear optical elements and ancillary light sources, it is impossible to construct detection devices that would exhibit higher efficiencies than the initial set.

Daniel Hogg; Dominic W. Berry; A. I. Lvovsky

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

APPLIED PHYSICS REVIEWS Semi-insulating semiconductor heterostructures: Optoelectronic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLIED PHYSICS REVIEWS Semi-insulating semiconductor heterostructures: Optoelectronic properties of optoelectronic properties of and uses for semi-insulating semiconductor heterostructures and thin films. The principal optical and optoelectronic properties of semi-insulating epilayers and heterostructures

Nolte, David D.

328

Using telecommunication technology to develop an optical sensing infrastructure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To handle the explosion for data capacity in telecommunication systems system designers are turning toward wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and optical switching to obtain more data capacity. Thus the telecommunication infrastructure is moving from an electrical-optical hybrid to an all-optical infrastructure. The requirement for telecommunication and sensing infrastructures are similar. Both infrastructures need to multiplex information to and from various locations. Thus the optical WDMs switches and specialty fibers being developed for telecommunication can be used to design an optical sensing infrastructure. Sensors can be multiplexed and routed based on wavelength. WDM also allows the gain characteristics of Erbium Doped Fibers (EDF) to be utilized for sensing applications. The large bandwidth of the EDF gain profile provides a medium to design a multi-wavelength laser. The Erbium Doped Fiber Laser (EDFL) wavelengths can be added dropped and routed. This will allow the EDFL to be in a central location and to service other applications. By applying telecommunication devices to mechanical sensing problems an optical sensing infrastructure will be developed. The sensors utilized in the infrastructure will be developed into a network of displacement sensors for the inspection of complex structures.

J. A. Smith

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Magneto-optical oxide thin films and integrated nonreciprocal photonic devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonreciprocal photonic devices including optical isolators and optical circulators are indispensible components in present day optical communication systems. Although highly desired by the fast development of silicon ...

Bi, Lei, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Analytical Chemistry Applied Mathematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical Chemistry Applied Mathematics Architectural Engineering Architecture Architecture Electricity Markets Environmental Engineering Food Process Engineering Food Safety & Technology Architecture Information Technology & Management Integrated Building Delivery Landscape Architecture Management

Heller, Barbara

331

How To Apply  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CSCEEE undergraduate students are encouraged to apply. Required Materials Current Resume Official University Transcript (with spring courses posted andor a copy of Spring...

332

Silicon fiber optic sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Fabry-Perot cavity is formed by a partially or wholly reflective surface on the free end of an integrated elongate channel or an integrated bounding wall of a chip of a wafer and a partially reflective surface on the end of the optical fiber. Such a constructed device can be utilized to detect one or more physical parameters, such as, for example, strain, through the optical fiber using an optical detection system to provide measuring accuracies of less than aboutb0.1%.

Pocha, Michael D. (Livermore, CA); Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Wood, Billy E. (Livermore, CA)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

333

8th International Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems, Ames Iowa, September 2004 Estimating Failure Propagation in Models of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and a power systems blackout model of cascading transmission line overloads. The comparisons suggest stage. OPA is a power system blackout model that represents probabilistic cascading line outages. The initial disturbance is generated by random line outages and load variations. Overloaded lines outage

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - apply virus-containing particles Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3732 APPLIED OPTICS Vol. 40... -nm particle is equivalent in vol- ume to ... Source: French, Roger H. - Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of...

335

Inverse Scattering and Acousto-Optic Imaging Guillaume Bal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inverse Scattering and Acousto-Optic Imaging Guillaume Bal Department of Applied Physics the optical properties of a highly-scattering medium from incoherent acousto-optic measurements. The method of interior control of boundary measurements by an external wave field. 1 #12;The acousto-optic effect

Bal, Guillaume

336

Applied Energy Programs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applied Energy Programs Applied Energy Programs Applied Energy Programs Los Alamos is using its world-class scientific capabilities to enhance national energy security by developing energy sources with limited environmental impact and by improving the efficiency and reliability of the energy infrastructure. CONTACT US Acting Program Director Melissa Fox (505) 663-5538 Email Applied Energy Program Office serves as the hub connecting the Laboratory's scientific and technical resources to DOE sponsors, DoD programs, and to industry. The Applied Energy Program Office manages Los Alamos National Laboratory programs funded by the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Offices of Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy, Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, and Fossil Energy. With energy use increasing across the nation and the

337

Experimenting optical Solutions for Building and Home Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-cost optical components for building and home networks are discussed. Implementations of optical links into existing copper-based systems demonstrate that fibre based solutions can...

Bradley, P J; Calzavara, M; Cerisola, M; Destefanis, G; Pastorino, P

338

Biomedical Optics Laser Laboratory The lab's objective is to improve human health through research and education in Biomedical Optics, a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomedical Optics Laser Laboratory The lab's objective is to improve human health through research and education in Biomedical Optics, a multidisciplinary field incorporating elements of the physical and life in Biomedical Optics involves developing and applying methods of optical science and engineering

Kamat, Vineet R.

339

Optical Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic dipole radiation one fourth as intense as electric dipole radiation, as well as a novel nonlinear magneto-optical effect are reported in dielectric media.

Oliveira, Samuel L; Rand, Stephen C

340

Optical Synchrotron Radiation Beam Imaging with a Digital Mask  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have applied a new imaging/optical masking technique, which employs a digital micro-mirror device (DMD) and optical synchrotron radiation (OSR), to perform high dynamic range (DR) beam imaging at the JLAB Energy Recovery Linac and the SLAC/SPEAR3 Synchrotron Light Source. The OSR from the beam is first focused onto the DMD to produce a primary image; selected areas of this image are spatially filtered by controlling the state of individual micro-mirrors; and finally, the filtered image is refocused onto a CCD camera. At JLAB this technique has been used successfully to view the beam halo with a DR ~ 105. At SPEAR3 the DMD was used to filter out the bright core of the stored beam to study the turn-by-turn dynamics of the 10-3 weaker injected beam. We describe the optical performance, present limitations and our plans to improve the DR of both experimental systems.

Fiorito, R. B. [University of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Zhang, H. D. [University of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Corbett, W. J. [SLAC, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fisher, A. S. [SLAC, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Mok, W. Y. [SLAC, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Tian, K. [SLAC, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Douglas, D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Wilson, F. G. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Zhang, S. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Mitsuhashi, T. M. [KEK, Tsukuba (Japan); Shkvarunets, A. G. [University of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Optical trapping for undergraduates D. C. Appleyard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical trapping for undergraduates D. C. Appleyard Department of Biological Engineering September 2006 The detailed design of a robust and inexpensive optical trap system is presented. The system experimental modules are described to cover basic concepts in optical trapping and biophysics at a level

Lang, Matthew

342

AEROSPACE SCIENCES Applied aerodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AEROSPACE SCIENCES Applied aerodynamics This year saw significant progress in industry, research labs, and academia in the development of flow-control concepts, novel configuration aerodynamic concepts, and aerodynamic im- provement technologies for enhancing the fuel efficiency and performance

Xu, Kun

343

Applied large eddy simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2971-2983. doi:10.1098/rsta.2008.0303 . Audio Supplement Audio Supplement Audio files from the Applied large eddy simulation...fidelity. | Whittle Laboratory, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Optical manufacturing requirements for an AVLIS plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A uranium enrichment plant utilizing Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) technology is currently being planned. Deployment of the Plant will require tens of thousands of commercial and custom optical components and subsystems. The Plant optical system will be expected to perform at a high level of optical efficiency and reliability in a high-average-power-laser production environment. During construction, demand for this large number of optics must be coordinated with the manufacturing capacity of the optical industry. The general requirements and approach to ensure supply of optical components is described. Dynamic planning and a closely coupled relationship with the optics industry will be required to control cost, schedule, and quality.

Primdahl, K.; Chow, R.; Taylor, J.R.

1997-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

345

Extended Optical Model Analyses of Elastic Scattering, Direct Reaction, and Fusion Cross Sections for the 9Be + 208Pb System at Near-Coulomb-Barrier Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the extended optical model approach in which the polarization potential is decomposed into direct reaction (DR) and fusion parts, simultaneous $\\chi^{2}$ analyses are performed for elastic scattering, DR, and fusion cross section data for the $^{9}$Be+$^{208}$Pb system at near-Coulomb-barrier energies. Similar $\\chi^{2}$ analyses are also performed by only taking into account the elastic scattering and fusion data as was previously done by the present authors, and the results are compared with those of the full analysis including the DR cross section data as well. We find that the analyses using only elastic scattering and fusion data can produce very consistent and reliable predictions of cross sections particularly when the DR cross section data are not complete. Discussions are also given on the results obtained from similar analyses made earlier for the $^{9}$Be+$^{209}$Bi system.

W. Y. So; S. W. Hong; B. T. Kim; T. Udagawa

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

346

Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics Demetri Psaltis1 optical systems, whereas the implementation of optics through the microfluidic toolkit gives highly to implement optofluidic devices with recently developed microfluidic technologies that allow accurate control

Yang, Changhuei

347

Optical Glass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... space of time. In the forefront of such vital industries is the manufacture of optical glass. However great the other resources in men and material may be, it would be ... be, it would be quite impossible to wage successful warfare without adequate supplies of optical glass ior binocular field- ...

1919-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

348

Laser Densification of Micro-Optical Arrays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optical microlens arrays are important in many optical systems. A new method for producing arrays of negative lenses, geodesic lenses, and planar GRIN lenses is described. The lenses and arrays are produced us...

T. Chia; L. L. Hench

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Hand-held optical fuel pin scanner  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical scanner for indicia arranged in a focal plane perpendicular to an optical system including a rotatable dove prism. The dove prism transmits a rotating image to a stationary photodiode array.

Kirchner, Tommy L. (Richland, WA); Powers, Hurshal G. (Richland, WA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Hand-held optical fuel pin scanner  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical scanner for indicia arranged in a focal plane perpendicular to an optical system including a rotatable dove prism. The dove prism transmits a rotating image to a stationary photodiode array.

Kirchner, T.L.; Powers, H.G.

1980-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

351

Optical Networks Magazine May/June 2003 17 Optical-label  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Networks Magazine May/June 2003 17 Optical-label switching, MPLS, MPLambdaS, and GMPLS S. J impressive progress accelerated by new enabling technologies such as optical fiber amplifiers. A number of commercial optical networking systems were announced and their deployments took place rapidly in the late 90

Kolner, Brian H.

352

Fiber coupling with adaptive optics for free-space optical communication Thomas Weyraucha  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fiber coupling with adaptive optics for free-space optical communication Thomas Weyraucha , Mikhail, Department of Manufacturing Engineering, Brookline, MA 02446 ABSTRACT We describe an adaptive optical fiber coupling system for free-space optical communication comprising a micro- electromechanical deformable

353

telecommunications system management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Communications system management applied to telecommunications systems, facilities, equipment, and components. See communications system , comm...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Dynamical cluster-decay model for hot and rotating light-mass nuclear systems, applied to low-energy $^{32}$S + $^{24}$Mg $\\to ^{56}$Ni reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamical cluster-decay model (DCM) is developed further for the decay of hot and rotating compound nuclei (CN) formed in light heavy-ion reactions. The model is worked out in terms of only one parameter, namely the neck-length parameter, which is related to the total kinetic energy TKE(T) or effective Q-value $Q_{eff}(T)$ at temperature T of the hot CN, defined in terms of the both the light-particles (LP), with $A \\leq$ 4, Z $\\leq$ 2, as well as the complex intermediate mass fragments (IMF), with $4 2$, is considered as the dynamical collective mass motion of preformed clusters through the barrier. Within the same dynamical model treatment, the LPs are shown to have different characteristics as compared to the IMFs. The systematic variation of the LP emission cross section $\\sigma_{LP}$, and IMF emission cross section $\\sigma_{IMF}$, calculated on the present DCM match exactly the statistical fission model predictions. It is for the first time that a non-statistical dynamical description is developed for the emission of light-particles from the hot and rotating CN. The model is applied to the decay of $^{56}$Ni formed in the $^{32}$S + $^{24}$Mg reaction at two incident energies E$_{c.m.}$ = 51.6 and 60.5 MeV. Both the IMFs and average $\\bar{TKE}$ spectra are found to compare reasonably nicely with the experimental data, favoring asymmetric mass distributions. The LPs emission cross section is shown to depend strongly on the type of emitted particles and their multiplicities.

Raj K. Gupta; M. Balasubramaniam; Rajesh Kumar; Dalip Singh; C. Beck; W. Greiner

2004-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

355

Optical collection efficiency function in single-molecule detection experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical collection efficiency function in single-molecule detection experiments Jo¨ rg Enderlein and W. Patrick Ambrose The optical collection efficiency function for an optical system on a geometrical optics approx- imation are presented. Comparison is made with exact wave optics calculations

Enderlein, Jörg

356

Fiber optic coupled optical sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A displacement sensor includes a first optical fiber for radiating light to a target, and a second optical fiber for receiving light from the target. The end of the first fiber is adjacent and not axially aligned with the second fiber end. A lens focuses light from the first fiber onto the target and light from the target onto the second fiber.

Fleming, Kevin J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Method and system for laser-based formation of micro-shapes in surfaces of optical elements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of forming a surface feature extending into a sample includes providing a laser operable to emit an output beam and modulating the output beam to form a pulse train having a plurality of pulses. The method also includes a) directing the pulse train along an optical path intersecting an exposed portion of the sample at a position i and b) focusing a first portion of the plurality of pulses to impinge on the sample at the position i. Each of the plurality of pulses is characterized by a spot size at the sample. The method further includes c) ablating at least a portion of the sample at the position i to form a portion of the surface feature and d) incrementing counter i. The method includes e) repeating steps a) through d) to form the surface feature. The sample is free of a rim surrounding the surface feature.

Bass, Isaac Louis; Guss, Gabriel Mark

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

358

Information Science, Computing, Applied Math  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capabilities ISC Applied Math science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Information Science, Computing, Applied Math National security depends on science and...

359

Artificial Neural Networks-Based Diffuse Optical Tomography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A scheme is developed by applying the artificial neural networks techniques for the reconstruction of optical-property images instead of using forward and inverse procedures. The...

Pan, Min-Chun; Hong, Hsian-An; Chen, Liang-Yu; Pan, Min-Cheng

360

Nonlinear optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nicolaas Bloembergen, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics (1981), wrote Nonlinear Optics in 1964, when the field of nonlinear optics was only three years old. The available literature has since grown by at least three orders of magnitude.The vitality of Nonlinear Optics is evident from the still-growing number of scientists and engineers engaged in the study of new nonlinear phenomena and in the development of new nonlinear devices in the field of opto-electronics. This monograph should be helpful in providing a historical introduction and a general background of basic ideas both for expe

Bloembergen, Nicolaas

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Vehicle Technologies Office: Applied Battery Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Applied battery research addresses the barriers facing the lithium-ion systems that are closest to meeting the technical energy and power requirements for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and electric...

362

SUSTAINABILITY WHO CAN APPLY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUNDED BY CALL FOR SUSTAINABILITY RESEARCH STUDENT WHO CAN APPLY Undergraduate and graduate Participate in the Global Change & Sustainability Center's Research Symposium; attend workshops with faculty or publish in the U's student-run sustainability publication to be released in May 2014. Are you conducting

363

Quantum Optics (Nir Davidson -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capacity and Cost Effectiveness Enhancment Technique Using a Combined Time Division and Multilevel California, USA, "Advanced System Functions in Optical Communications Using E-O Technologies" Moshe Nazarathy for fabricating printed circuit boards" Solar Cells (Jeffrey Gordon, Uzi Efron - Ben- Gurion University) David

Ribak, Erez

364

Extended Optical Model Analyses of Elastic Scattering and Fusion Cross Sections for 6Li + 208Pb System at Near-Coulomb-Barrier Energies by using Folding Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the extended optical model approach in which the polarization potential is decomposed into direct reaction (DR) and fusion parts, simultaneous $\\chi^{2}$ analyses are performed for elastic scattering and fusion cross section data for the $^{6}$Li+$^{208}$Pb system at near-Coulomb-barrier energies. A folding potential is used as the bare potential. It is found that the real part of the resultant DR part of the polarization potential is repulsive, which is consistent with the results from the Continuum Discretized Coupled Channel (CDCC) calculations and the normalization factors needed for the folding potentials. Further, it is found that both DR and fusion parts of the polarization potential satisfy separately the dispersion relation.

W. Y. So; T. Udagawa; K. S. Kim; S. W. Hong; B. T. Kim

2006-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

365

Under Contract No. DE-AC36-83CH10093 LARGE-AREA, HIGH-INTENSITY PV ARRAYS FOR SYSTEMS USING DISH CONCENTRATING OPTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT: In this paper, we report on our efforts to fabricate monolithic interconnected modules (MIMs) using III-V semiconductors with bandgaps appropriate for the terrestrial solar spectrum. The small size of the component cells comprising the MIM allows for operation at extremely high flux densities and relaxes the requirement for a small spot-size to be generated by the optics. This makes possible a PV option for the large dish concentrator systems that have been developed by the solar thermal community for use with Stirling engines. Additionally, the highly effective back-surface reflector integrated into the MIM design is an effective tool for thermal management of the array. Development of this technology would radically alter the projections for PV manufacturing capacity because of the potential for extremely high power generation per unit area of semiconductor material.

J. S. Ward; A. Duda; K. Zweibel; T. J. Coutts; J. S. Ward; A. Duda; K. Zweibel; T. J. Coutts

366

Linear amplifier model for optomechanical systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We model optomechanical systems as linear optical amplifiers. This provides a unified treatment of diverse optomechanical phenomena. We emphasize, in particular, the relationship between ponderomotive squeezing and optomechanically induced transparency, two foci of current research. We characterize the amplifier response to quantum and applied classical fluctuations, both optical and mechanical. Further, we apply these results to establish quantum limits on external force sensing both on and off cavity resonance. We find that the maximum sensitivity attained on resonance constitutes an absolute upper limit, not surpassed when detuning off cavity resonance. The theory is extended to a two-sided cavity with losses and limited detection efficiency.

Thierry Botter; Daniel W. C. Brooks; Nathan Brahms; Sydney Schreppler; Dan M. Stamper-Kurn

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

367

Polarization singularities of optical fields caused by structural dislocations in crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze polarization singularities of optical beams that propagate through crystals possessing structural dislocations. We show that screw dislocations of crystalline structure can lead to the appearance of purely screw-type dislocations of light wavefronts. This can happen only in crystals that belong to trigonal and cubic systems. These polarization singularities will give rise to optical vortices with the topological charge equal to 1, whenever a crystal sample is placed between crossed circular polarizers. We have also found that edge dislocations present in the cubic and trigonal crystals, with the Burgers vector perpendicular to the three-fold symmetry axes, can impose mixed screw-edge dislocations in the wavefronts of optical beams and generate singly charged optical vortices. The results of our analysis can be applied for detecting and identifying dislocations of different types available in crystals.

V Savaryn; Yu Vasylkiv; O Krupych; I Skab; R Vlokh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Optical wavelength modulation in free electron lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An attribute of the free electron laser (FEL) is the continuous tunability of the optical wavelength by modulation of the electron beam energy. The variation of the wavelength and power of the optical beam is studied as a function of FEL operating parameters. These results will be applied to the Stanford SCA FEL and Boeing FEL.

Mabe, R.M.; Wong, R.K.; Colson, W.B. [Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

369

Optical pumping of ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radiofrequency spectroscopy has been extended to positive ions with S ground states by means of optical pumping. The ions are stored in buffer gases or ion traps and are polarized directly by optical pumping or indirectly by spin exchange, change exchange, or Penning ionization with optically pumped atoms. The applied methods are described. The experiments can be divided into two categories: Collisional interactions of the polarized ions are investigated, like the exchange processes mentioned above, spin exchange with free electrons, spin depolarization and hyperfine density shifts in rare gases. For the two latter effects drastic differences are observed between atomic and ionic 2S12 states the explanations of which reveal the influence of the ionic charge on the interactions. The comparison of equivalent processes involving isoelectronic 2S or 2P configurations of atoms and ions provides a test of current collision theories. Precision rf spectroscopy of ionic ground states yields the 2S12 hyperfine structure splittings of 3He+ and group II ions with relative accuracies of up to 10?9, with further improvement possible. Direct and indirect optical pumping of 1S0 ions is used to determine nuclear magnetic moments, diamagnetic shielding coefficients, and chemical shifts. Applications and further developments of the present methods are discussed.

E.W. Weber

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Full spectrum optical safeguard  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical safeguard device with two linear variable Fabry-Perot filters aligned relative to a light source with at least one of the filters having a nonlinear dielectric constant material such that, when a light source produces a sufficiently high intensity light, the light alters the characteristics of the nonlinear dielectric constant material to reduce the intensity of light impacting a connected optical sensor. The device can be incorporated into an imaging system on a moving platform, such as an aircraft or satellite.

Ackerman, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

371

Installation and commissioning of a large area coating system for neutron and X-ray optical devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 9 meter long DC/RF sputtering cylindrical coating system which is designed and built indigenously for coating of neutron supermirrors and grazing incidence hard X-ray mirrors on large area substrates has been installed and commissioned recently. The performance of the system has been tested by depositing Ti films on glass substrate of 1500mm X 150mm size. By depositing Ti films on several small area c-Si substrates placed over the length and breadth of the substrate holder, and by subsequent characterization by GIXR measurement, it has been observed that films with bulk-like density and very low surface roughness can be obtained in the above system. The thickness uniformity achieved in the deposited films is within 3.5% over the 1500mm length and within 4.8% over the 150mm width.

Biswas, A., E-mail: arupb@barc.gov.in; Haque, Sk. Maidul, E-mail: arupb@barc.gov.in; Misal, J., E-mail: arupb@barc.gov.in; Sampathkumar, R.; Ajaykumar,; Bhattacharyya, D.; Sahoo, N. K. [Atomic and Molecular Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai-400085 (India); Lagoo, K. D.; Veerapur, R. D.; Padmanabhan, M.; Puri, R. K. [Division of Remote Handling and Robotics, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai-400085 (India); Bhattacharya, Debarati [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai-400085 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

372

ABET accreditation of the Optical Engineering Rose-Hulman: incorporating EC2000 criteria in a science department  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rose-Hulman has a history of meeting the need for optical engineers via the Applied Optics Programs since 1983. We have changed our degree program to Optical Engineering and will seek...

Joenathan, Charles; Bunch, Robert M; Milanovic, Zoran

373

Abstract--This paper presents a novel approach for a optical indoor positioning system that is currently under development at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that is currently under development at the Institute of Geodesy and Photogrammetry at the ETH Zurich. The new system of Technology, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland, phone: +41 44 63 33 31, web: http and Photogrammetry, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland, web: www

374

for Applied Linguistics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per calendar year, promptly at intervals of three months. Each pack is to contain two numbers of the Finite String. The difficulties of the first year of publication of AJCL are responsible for the d'elayed, production of this ~ack, which also contains Volume 11, Number 4 of TFS. ~k would be a rash editor indeed who guaranteed promptness without caveat. The present editbr must warn the subscriber that'the end of the diLf.iculti-es is not yet fixed for a date certa.in. AMERICAN JQURNAL OF COMPL'TATIONAL LINGUISTICS is published by the Center for Applied Linguistics for the Association for Computational Linguistics.

Assistant Nancy Jokovl Ch

375

Optical memory  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical memory comprising: a semiconductor wire, a first electrode, a second electrode, a light source, a means for producing a first voltage at the first electrode, a means for producing a second voltage at the second electrode, and a means for determining the presence of an electrical voltage across the first electrode and the second electrode exceeding a predefined voltage. The first voltage, preferably less than 0 volts, different from said second voltage. The semiconductor wire is optically transparent and has a bandgap less than the energy produced by the light source. The light source is optically connected to the semiconductor wire. The first electrode and the second electrode are electrically insulated from each other and said semiconductor wire.

Mao, Samuel S; Zhang, Yanfeng

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

376

High temperature, optically transparent plastics from biomass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

temperature, optically transparent plastics from biomass At a Glance Rapid, selective catalytic system to produce vinyl plastics from renewable biomass Stereoregular...

377

Solar Day-Lighting Using Optical Fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Green lighting alternatives can substantially reduce electricity consumption. Solar day-lighting system, by transporting the concentrated sunlight through optical fibers, has been...

Kumar, Naveen; Patil, Sanket

378

Solar Concentrators: Using Optics to Boost Photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of solar energy requires optimizing each part of a photovoltaic system: collection optics, the photovoltaic array, switches, controllers, current inverters, storage devices...

Coffey, Valerie C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading by a single spectrophotometer.

Buchanan, Bruce R. (1985 Willis, Batesburg, SC 29006); Prather, William S. (2419 Dickey Rd., Augusta, GA 30906)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and method for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading, by a single spectrophotometer.

Buchanan, B.R.; Prather, W.S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method are described for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading by a single spectrophotometer. 4 figs.

Buchanan, B.R.; Prather, W.S.

1992-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

382

Applied Optoelectronics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Optoelectronics Jump to: navigation, search Name: Applied Optoelectronics Place: Sugar Land, Texas Zip: 77478 Product: Applied Optoelectronics designs, develops, and manufactures...

383

ORISE: Applied health physics projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applied health physics projects The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) provides applied health physics services to government agencies needing technical support...

384

Deck model applied to baryonic systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reggeized Deck model calculations are performed for the reactions p p?p p?+?-, p p?p p?+?-, and p p?p X. The calculations are compared with a new CERN-Serpukhov experiment at 25 and 40 GeV for the first reaction and with recent high-energy data from Fermilab and the CERN ISR for the other two reactions.

R. T. Cutler and H. W. Wyld; Jr.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Applying CSP || B to information systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CSP || B is a formal approach which ... paper we identify a variation on the standard CSP || B architecture so that it is...

Neil Evans; Helen Treharne; Rgine Laleau; Marc Frappier

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Design, implementation, and on-sky performance of an advanced apochromatic triplet atmospheric dispersion corrector for the Magellan adaptive optics system and VisAO camera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the novel design, laboratory verification, and on-sky performance of our advanced triplet atmospheric dispersion corrector (ADC), an important component of the Magellan Adaptive Optics system (MagAO), which recently achieved first light in December 2012. High-precision broadband (0.5-1.0 microns) atmospheric dispersion correction at visible wavelengths is essential both for wavefront sensing (WFS) on fainter guide stars, and for performing visible AO science using our VisAO science camera. At 2 airmasses (60 degrees from zenith) and over the waveband 500-1000 nm, our triplet design produces a 57% improvement in geometric rms spot size, a 33% improvement in encircled energy at 20 arcsec radius, and a 62% improvement in Strehl ratio when compared to a conventional doublet design. This triplet design has been fabricated, tested in the lab, and integrated into the MagAO WFS and the VisAO science camera. We present on-sky results of the ADC in operation with the MagAO system. We also present a zero-beam...

Kopon, Derek; Males, Jared R; Gasho, Victor

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Adaptive optics for ophthalmic applications using a pyramid wavefront  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive optics for ophthalmic applications using a pyramid wavefront sensor St´ephane R. Chamot and Chris Dainty Applied Optics, Experimental Physics Department National University of Ireland Galway, University Road Galway, Ireland stephane.chamot@nuigalway.ie http://optics.nuigalway.ie/index.html Simone

Dainty, Chris

388

Topics in Biomedical Optics: introduction to the feature issue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Topics in Biomedical Optics: introduction to the feature issue Joseph P. Culver,1, * Wolfgang; accepted 25 March 2009; posted 25 March 2009 (Doc. ID 109253); published 30 March 2009 This Applied Optics feature issue on Topics in Biomedical Optics highlights papers presented at the 2008 Biomedical Topical

Larson-Prior, Linda

389

Properly apply reverse osmosis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reverse osmosis (RO) is a water purification technique used to reduce the loading of dissolved solids in solution. The popularity of RO for treating boiler feedwater is growing because of the rising cost of ion-exchange-based demineralization as well as safety concerns associated with handling acid and caustic. A properly designed and operated RO-based boiler-feedwater-treatment system can reduce the load to, and costs associated with, ion exchange demineralization. This article discusses RO feedwater quality recommendations, pretreatment techniques, and system monitoring necessary to achieve optimum RO system performance in the most cost-effective manner. Regardless of the application--whether it is the treatment of boiler feedwater, industrial wastewater, or process water--the approach to pretreatment and the other design and operating guidance offered here remains the same.

Kucera, J.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Simultaneous Suppression of Third-Order Dispersion and Sideband Instability in Single-Channel Optical Fiber Transmission by Midway Optical Phase Conjugation Employing Higher Order Dispersion Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In optical phase conjugation (OPC) systems, the third-order dispersion (TOD) of optical fibers and the nonlinear resonance at well-defined signal sideband frequencies called sideband...

Kaewplung, Pasu; Angkaew, Tuptim; Kikuchi, Kazuro

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Optics and Diagnostics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 14 | Next | Last Back to Index Optics Line up of optics after cleaning. Photo Number: 2013-048779...

392

Optical Sensor Technology Development and Deployment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this ESP (Enhanced Surveillance) project are to evaluate sensor performance for future aging studies of materials, components and weapon systems. The goal of this project is to provide analysis capability to experimentally identify and characterize the aging mechanisms and kinetics of Core Stack Assembly (CSA) materials. The work on fiber optic light sources, hermetic sealing of fiber optics, fiber optic hydrogen sensors, and detection systems will be discussed.

B. G. Parker

2005-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

393

Optical transcutaneous bilirubin detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention consists of a transcutaneous bilirubin detector comprising a source of light having spectral components absorbable and not absorbable by bilirubin, a handle assembly, electronic circuitry and a fiber optic bundle connecting the assembly to the light source and circuitry. Inside the assembly is a prism that receives the light from one end of the fiber optic bundle and directs it onto the skin and directs the reflected light back into the bundle. The other end of the bundle is trifucated, with one end going to the light source and the other two ends going to circuitry that determines how much light of each kind has been reflected. A relatively greater amount absorbed by the skin from the portion of the spectrum absorbable by bilirubin may indicate the presence of the illness. Preferably, two measurements are made, one on the kneecap and one on the forehead, and compared to determine the presence of bilirubin. To reduce the impact of light absorption by hemoglobin in the blood carried by the skin, pressure is applied with a plunger and spring in the handle assembly, the pressure limited by points of a button slidably carried in the assembly that are perceived by touch when the pressure applied is sufficient.

Kronberg, J.W.

1991-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

394

MicroSight Optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MicroSight is an innovative gunsight technology that allows a marksman's eye to focus on both the front gunsight and the intended target. The MicroSight improves both firearm safety and performance by imaging two objects at different focal distances. The MicroSight was developed at Idaho National Laboratory, and has been licensed by Apollo Optical Systems. You can learn more about INL's research programs at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

MicroSight Optics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

MicroSight is an innovative gunsight technology that allows a marksman's eye to focus on both the front gunsight and the intended target. The MicroSight improves both firearm safety and performance by imaging two objects at different focal distances. The MicroSight was developed at Idaho National Laboratory, and has been licensed by Apollo Optical Systems. You can learn more about INL's research programs at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

396

Virtual Optical Comparator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Virtual Optical Comparator, VOC, was conceived as a result of the limitations of conventional optical comparators and vision systems. Piece part designs for mechanisms have started to include precision features on the face of parts that must be viewed using a reflected image rather than a profile shadow. The VOC concept uses a computer generated overlay and a digital camera to measure features on a video screen. The advantage of this system is superior edge detection compared to traditional systems. No vinyl charts are procured or inspected. The part size and expensive fixtures are no longer a concern because of the range of the X-Y table of the Virtual Optical Comparator. Product redesigns require only changes to the CAD image overlays; new vinyl charts are not required. The inspection process is more ergonomic by allowing the operator to view the part sitting at a desk rather than standing over a 30 inch screen. The procurement cost for the VOC will be less than a traditional comparator with a much smaller footprint with less maintenance and energy requirements.

Thompson, Greg

2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

397

Parallel optical sampler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An optical sampler includes a first and second 1.times.n optical beam splitters splitting an input optical sampling signal and an optical analog input signal into n parallel channels, respectively, a plurality of optical delay elements providing n parallel delayed input optical sampling signals, n photodiodes converting the n parallel optical analog input signals into n respective electrical output signals, and n optical modulators modulating the input optical sampling signal or the optical analog input signal by the respective electrical output signals, and providing n successive optical samples of the optical analog input signal. A plurality of output photodiodes and eADCs convert the n successive optical samples to n successive digital samples. The optical modulator may be a photodiode interconnected Mach-Zehnder Modulator. A method of sampling the optical analog input signal is disclosed.

Tauke-Pedretti, Anna; Skogen, Erik J; Vawter, Gregory A

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

398

Optic probe for semiconductor characterization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Described herein is an optical probe (120) for use in characterizing surface defects in wafers, such as semiconductor wafers. The optical probe (120) detects laser light reflected from the surface (124) of the wafer (106) within various ranges of angles. Characteristics of defects in the surface (124) of the wafer (106) are determined based on the amount of reflected laser light detected in each of the ranges of angles. Additionally, a wafer characterization system (100) is described that includes the described optical probe (120).

Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO); Hambarian, Artak (Yerevan, AM)

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

399

DISCRETE EVENT SIMULATION OF OPTICAL SWITCH MATRIX PERFORMANCE IN COMPUTER NETWORKS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we present application of a Discrete Event Simulator (DES) for performance modeling of optical switching devices in computer networks. Network simulators are valuable tools in situations where one cannot investigate the system directly. This situation may arise if the system under study does not exist yet or the cost of studying the system directly is prohibitive. Most available network simulators are based on the paradigm of discrete-event-based simulation. As computer networks become increasingly larger and more complex, sophisticated DES tool chains have become available for both commercial and academic research. Some well-known simulators are NS2, NS3, OPNET, and OMNEST. For this research, we have applied OMNEST for the purpose of simulating multi-wavelength performance of optical switch matrices in computer interconnection networks. Our results suggest that the application of DES to computer interconnection networks provides valuable insight in device performance and aids in topology and system optimization.

Imam, Neena [ORNL; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

School of Applied Technology School of Applied Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Applied Technology School of Applied Technology Daniel F. and Ada L. Rice Campus Illinois Institute of Technology 201 E. Loop Road Wheaton, IL 60187 630.682.6000 www.iit.edu/applied tech/ Dean and Academic Director, Information Technology and Management Programs: C. Robert Carlson Director of Operations

Heller, Barbara

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

School of Applied Technology School of Applied Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Applied Technology School of Applied Technology Daniel F. and Ada L. Rice Campus Illinois Institute of Technology 201 E. Loop Road Wheaton, IL 60187 630.682.6000 www.iit.edu/applied tech/ Dean Technology and Management Programs: Mazin Safar Director, Marketing & Development: Scott Pfeiffer Director

Heller, Barbara

402

Light diffusing fiber optic chamber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light diffusion system for transmitting light to a target area. The light is transmitted in a direction from a proximal end to a distal end by an optical fiber. A diffusing chamber is operatively connected to the optical fiber for transmitting the light from the proximal end to the distal end and transmitting said light to said target area. A plug is operatively connected to the diffusing chamber for increasing the light that is transmitted to the target area.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Quantum Optical Version of Classical Optical Transformations and Beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By the newly developed technique of integration within an ordered product (IWOP) of operators, we explore quantum optical version of classical optical transformations such as optical Fresnel transform, Hankel transform, fractional Fourier transform, Wigner transform, wavelet transform and Fresnel-Hadmard combinatorial transform etc. In this way one may gain benefit for developing classical optics theory from the research in quantum optics, or vice-versa. We can not only find some new quantum mechanical unitary operators which correspond to the known optical transformations, deriving a new theorem for calculating quantum tomogram of density operators, but also can reveal some new classical optical transformations. We derive GFO's normal product form and its canonical coherent state representation and find that GFO is the loyal representation of symplectic group multiplication rule. We show that GFT is just the transformation matrix element of GFO in the coordinate representation such that two successive GFTs is still a GFT. The ABCD rule of the Gaussian beam propagation is directly demonstrated in the context of quantum optics. Especially, the introduction of quantum mechanical entangled state representations opens up a new area to finding new classical optical transformations. The complex wavelet transform and the condition of mother wavelet are studied in the context of quantum optics too. Throughout our discussions, the coherent state, the entangled state representation of the two-mode squeezing operators and the IWOP technique are fully used. All these confirms Dirac's assertion: " ... for a quantum dynamic system that has a classical analogue, unitary transformation in the quantum theory is the analogue of contact transformation in the classical theory".

Hong-yi Fan; Li-yun Hu

2010-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

404

Development of high-speed and wide-angle visible observation diagnostics on Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak using catadioptric optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new wide-angle endoscope for visible light observation on the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) has been recently developed. The head section of the optical system is based on a mirror reflection design that is similar to the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor-like wide-angle observation diagnostic on the Joint European Torus. However, the optical system design has been simplified and improved. As a result, the global transmittance of the system is as high as 79.6% in the wavelength range from 380 to 780 nm, and the spatial resolution is <5 mm for the full depth of field (4000 mm). The optical system also has a large relative aperture (1:2.4) and can be applied in high-speed camera diagnostics. As an important diagnostic tool, the optical system has been installed on the HT-7 (Hefei Tokamak-7) for its final experimental campaign, and the experiments confirmed that it can be applied to the investigation of transient processes in plasma, such as ELMy eruptions in H-mode, on EAST.

Yang, J. H.; Hu, L. Q.; Zang, Q.; Han, X. F.; Shao, C. Q.; Sun, T. F.; Chen, H.; Wang, T. F.; Li, F. J.; Hu, A. L. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1126, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China)] [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1126, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China); Yang, X. F. [Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006 (China)] [Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006 (China)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Optical Packet Switching -1 Optical Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Packet Switching - 1 Optical Networks: from fiber transmission to photonic switching Optical Packet Switching Fabio Neri and Marco Mellia TLC Networks Group ­ Electronics Department e.mellia@polito.it ­ tel. 011 564 4173 #12;Optical Packet Switching - 2 · This work is licensed under the Creative Commons

Mellia, Marco

406

Exhaust Aftertreatment and Low Pressure Loop EGR Applied to an...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Loop EGR Applied to an Off-Highway Engine Project Director- Kirby Baumgard John Deere Power Systems DOE Project Officer- Steve Cooke Subcontract with Michigan Tech August 21...

407

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive optics high Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS Summary: .Lastname@esisar.inpg.fr Keywords : Optoelectronic devices, optical signals, communication systems, modeling, simulation, CAD... ....

408

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive optics experiment Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

adapt a conventional system simulator... .Lastname@esisar.inpg.fr Keywords : Optoelectronic devices, optical signals, communication systems, modeling, simulation, CAD... ....

409

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive optics phoropter Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS Summary: .Lastname@esisar.inpg.fr Keywords : Optoelectronic devices, optical signals, communication systems, modeling, simulation, CAD... ....

410

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive-influence-matrix adaptive optics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS Summary: .Lastname@esisar.inpg.fr Keywords : Optoelectronic devices, optical signals, communication systems, modeling, simulation, CAD... ....

411

Optics and Optical Engineering Program Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optics and Optical Engineering Program Assessment Plan Program Learning, and processes that underlie optics and optical engineering. 2. Strong understanding of the fundamental science, mathematics, and processes that underlie optics and optical

Cantlon, Jessica F.

412

Video Scanning Hartmann Optical Testing of State-of-the-Art Parabolic Trough Concentrators: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the Video Scanning Hartmann Optical Test System (VSHOT) used to optically test parabolic trough designs by both Solargenix and Industrial Solar Technology.

Wendelin, T.; May, K.; Gee, R.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Hybrid Optical Access Network Integrating Baseband and Radio Signals Transmitted on a Single Wavelength  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a hybrid optical access network integrating FTTH and RoF systems sharing a single distributed infrastructure. After transmission over 50km optical fiber, power penalties...

Lin, Chun-Ting; Peng, Peng-Chun; Chen, Jason (Jyehong); Peng, Cheng-Feng; Peng, Wei-Ren; Chiou, Bi-Shiou; Chi, Sien

414

Optical microphone  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical microphone includes a laser and beam splitter cooperating therewith for splitting a laser beam into a reference beam and a signal beam. A reflecting sensor receives the signal beam and reflects it in a plurality of reflections through sound pressure waves. A photodetector receives both the reference beam and reflected signal beam for heterodyning thereof to produce an acoustic signal for the sound waves. The sound waves vary the local refractive index in the path of the signal beam which experiences a Doppler frequency shift directly analogous with the sound waves.

Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

2000-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

415

Optical geometry across the horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a companion paper (Jonsson and Westman, Class. Quantum Grav. 23 (2006) 61), a generalization of optical geometry, assuming a non-shearing reference congruence, is discussed. Here we illustrate that this formalism can be applied to a finite four-volume of any spherically symmetric spacetime. In particular we apply the formalism, using a non-static reference congruence, to do optical geometry across the horizon of a static black hole. While the resulting geometry in principle is time dependent, we can choose the reference congruence in such a manner that an embedding of the geometry always looks the same. Relative to the embedded geometry the reference points are then moving. We discuss the motion of photons, inertial forces and gyroscope precession in this framework.

Rickard Jonsson

2007-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

416

APPLIED MATHEMATICS & COMPUTATIONAL SCI. (AS) {AMCS}  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLIED MATHEMATICS & COMPUTATIONAL SCI. (AS) {AMCS} 510. (MATH410) Complex Analysis. 520. (MATH420. (MATH432) Game Theory. 567. (BE 567) Mathematical and Computational Modeling of Biological Systems. (M) Prerequisite(s): BE 324 and BE 350. This is an introductory course in mathematical biology. The emphasis

Carpick, Robert W.

417

Does Bertrand's rule apply to macronutrients?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gastrointestinal system. In Handbook of physiology. Section 13 comparative...Christensen2001Optimal diet theory: when does it work, and when and why does it fail?. Anim. Behav. 61...Nutr. Soc. 60, 145-156. Does Bertrand's rule apply to macronutrients...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

LSST Camera Optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) is a unique, three-mirror, modified Paul-Baker design with an 8.4m primary, a 3.4m secondary, and a 5.0m tertiary feeding a camera system that includes corrector optics to produce a 3.5 degree field of view with excellent image quality (<0.3 arcsecond 80% encircled diffracted energy) over the entire field from blue to near infra-red wavelengths. We describe the design of the LSST camera optics, consisting of three refractive lenses with diameters of 1.6m, 1.0m and 0.7m, along with a set of interchangeable, broad-band, interference filters with diameters of 0.75m. We also describe current plans for fabricating, coating, mounting and testing these lenses and filters.

Olivier, S S; Seppala, L; Gilmore, K; Hale, L; Whistler, W

2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

419

Quantitative immunogold evidence that glutamate is a neurotransmitter in afferent synaptic terminals within the isthmo-optic nucleus of the pigeon centrifugal visual system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quantitative electron microscopic analysis of glutamate (GLU) immunoreactivity using the post-embedding immunogold technique was carried out within the isthmo-optic nucleus (ION) of the pigeon centrifugal visual system (CVS). Measurements were performed in each of eight different categories of axon terminals, including those that were GABA-immunoreactive (-ir), considered representing control profiles and identified using a single or double-label immunocytochemical procedure. The results demonstrated that the glutamate immunogold particle densities for both mitochondrial and vesicular pools and for total surface area of bouton profiles were significantly higher in P1a, \\{P1b\\} and \\{P2b\\} terminals and not significantly different in P4 and P5 terminals compared to those recorded in control GABA-ir terminals (P2a, P2c, P3). Moreover, the values measured in GLU-ir positive profiles were all significantly higher than in either P4 or P5 terminals. The results suggest that tectal neurons, which provide the main input to the ION cells, are either inhibitory GABA-ir possibly associated with \\{P2c\\} and/or P3 terminals or excitatory GLU-ir via P1a, \\{P1b\\} and \\{P2b\\} terminals. Such differential effects of tectal afferents may be the basis for the modulation of centrifugal activity and consequently of end target retinal ganglion cell responses. The data are relevant to hypotheses implicating the avian CVS in mechanisms of selective enhancement of visual attention to either novel or meaningful stimuli within the visual field.

Dom Miceli; Jacques Reprant; Jean-Paul Rio; Jean Dsilets; Monique Mdina

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Optical Fibre Systems [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...conditions are below 5 dB/km. Bandwidths available range from 20 MHz km, in step-index multimode fibres with light emitting diode sources, to 10 GHz km with single-mode fibres and semiconductor lasers. If a truly monochromatic laser source...

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

STABILITY PROPERTIES OF LIGHT PROPAGATING IN FIBER OPTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STABILITY PROPERTIES OF LIGHT PROPAGATING IN FIBER OPTICS ST´EPHANE LAFORTUNE Summary The study is crucial in applications such as lasers and optical fibers. In this proposal I will focus on a model of fiber optics: the Manakov system. This system consists of two differential equations, that is two

Kasman, Alex

422

Comprehensive interpretation of passive Q switching and optical bistability in CO/sub 2/ laser with an intracavity saturable absorber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A CO/sub 2/ laser with a saturable absorber shows passive Q switching or optical bistability, depending on the lasing conditions. These characteristics are theoretically analyzed on a comprehensive basis. The conditions under which passive Q switching or optical bistability occurs are investigated on phase diagrams by applying the linear stability analysis to the rate equations that describe the laser system. Exclusive occurrence resulting from the phase-diagram analysis is in good agreement with the present experimental results. The passive Q-switching pulse with an undamped undulation is nicely reproduced through numerical integration of the rate equations.

Tachikawa, M.; Tanii, K.; Shimizu, T.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Compact, self-contained optical spectrometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the construction and performance of a self-contained, battery-operated, hand-held optical spectrometer. This unit contains an on-board optical excitation source, miniaturized monochromator, CCD detector, Peltier cooler, LCD display module, and microprocessor control. We demonstrate capabilities for qualitative fluorescence determinations and semiquantitative fluorescence and absorption measurements. Resolution is {lambda}/{delta}{lambda}{approx_equal}1200 at 434 nm. {copyright} {ital 1995 Society for Applied Spectroscopy.}

Baird, W.; Nogar, N.S. [Chemical Sciences and Technology, CST-1 MSJ565, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

16 - CVD in Optical Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) in optical applications. Optics is rapidly advancing with the development of the laser and optical storage. Evaporation is the original coating process and is low cost and simple to apply. However, evaporative coatings show a pronounced columnar structure, which causes much light scattering, a high wavelength shift with temperature and time, and a high stress. Thus, evaporation is replaced by other thin-film processes, which are primarily standard and ion-beam sputtering. CVD techniques, such as plasma CVD and metallo-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) are also useful, especially in high-quality applications or where surfaces of three-dimensional objects are to be coated. Some of the optical applications of CVD include antireflection coatings, reflective coatings, heat and light separation coatings, electrically conductive transparent coatings, and architectural-glass coating. The function of an antireflection (AR) coating is to reduce the surface reflection of optical elements and increase the amount of light transmitted. The glare and ghost images from secondary reflections are minimized. The AR coatings are used in numerous applications such as lasers, lenses for cameras and binoculars, instrument panels, microscopes, and telescopes.

Hugh O. Pierson

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

PMD-insensitive SCM optical receiver using polarization diversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subcarrier multiplexing (SCM) optical systems with high subcarrier frequencies are susceptible to power fading caused by fiber polarization-mode dispersion (PMD). In this letter, an SCM optical receiver free of carrier ...

Hui, Rongqing; Allen, Christopher Thomas; Demarest, Kenneth

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

APPLIED DATA SCIENCE UG Minor DSCI 351: Exploratory Data Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be applied to the case of energy systems (such as PV power plant degradation, and building energy efficiency will be applied to the case of energy systems (such as PV power plant degradation, and building energy efficiency of PV module and microinverter setup. b) Comparison of actual microinverter temperature and predicted

Rollins, Andrew M.

427

Optical distance measurement device and method thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method of efficiently obtaining distance measurements of a target. A modulated optical beam may be used to determine the distance to the target. A first beam splitter may be used to split the optical beam and a second beam splitter may be used to recombine a reference beam with a return ranging beam. An optical mixing detector may be used in a receiver to efficiently detect distance measurement information.

Bowers, Mark W. (Patterson, CA)

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

428

Optical data latch  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical data latch is formed on a substrate from a pair of optical logic gates in a cross-coupled arrangement in which optical waveguides are used to couple an output of each gate to an photodetector input of the other gate. This provides an optical bi-stability which can be used to store a bit of optical information in the latch. Each optical logic gate, which can be an optical NOT gate (i.e. an optical inverter) or an optical NOR gate, includes a waveguide photodetector electrically connected in series with a waveguide electroabsorption modulator. The optical data latch can be formed on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate (e.g. an InP or GaAs substrate) from III-V compound semiconductor layers. A number of optical data latches can be cascaded to form a clocked optical data shift register.

Vawter, G. Allen (Corrales, NM)

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

429

Simultaneous measurement of group refractive index and thickness of optical samples using optical coherence tomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical coherence tomography (OCT), based on a Michelson interferometer and utilizing low coherence light as the optical source, is a novel technique for the noninvasive imaging of optical scattering media. A simple OCT scheme based on a 3x3 fiber coupler is presented for the simultaneous measurement of the refractive index and thickness of optical samples. The proposed system enables the refractive index and thickness to be determined without any prior knowledge of the sample parameters and is characterized by a simple and compact configuration, a straightforward measurement procedure, and a low cost. The feasibility of the proposed approach is demonstrated experimentally using BK7 and B270 optical glass samples.

Cheng, Hsu-Chih; Liu, Yi-Cheng

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

430

Optics and Diagnostics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 14 | Next | Last Back to Index Optics Optics processing of Target Wedged Focus Lens into cleaningcoating frame. Photo Number: 2013-048765...

431

Optics and Diagnostics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 14 | Next | Last Back to Index Optics Alignment Conducting an optics alignment after replacement of a Pockels Cell in the clean room. Photo Number: 2013-050691...

432

Optics and Diagnostics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 14 | Next | Last Back to Index Optics Processing Optics for the National Ignition Facility must be manufactured to exacting standards. To ensure quality, precise measurements...

433

Journal of Applied Ecology 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Applied Ecology 2004 41, 922­933 © 2004 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing that might guide management decisions. We tested whether ideas from landscape ecology (local vs. landscape-scale, Sacramento River, succession, vegetation Journal of Applied Ecology (2004) 41, 922­933 Introduction More than

Holl, Karen

434

Force-optimized alignment for optical control of the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present formalism and analysis of three active alignment reconstruction techniques applied to the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope. The three reconstructors generate optical...

Upton, Robert; Cho, Myung; Rimmele, Thomas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Optical NAND gate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An optical NAND gate is formed from two pair of optical waveguide devices on a substrate, with each pair of the optical waveguide devices consisting of an electroabsorption modulator and a photodetector. One pair of the optical waveguide devices is electrically connected in parallel to operate as an optical AND gate; and the other pair of the optical waveguide devices is connected in series to operate as an optical NOT gate (i.e. an optical inverter). The optical NAND gate utilizes two digital optical inputs and a continuous light input to provide a NAND function output. The optical NAND gate can be formed from III-V compound semiconductor layers which are epitaxially deposited on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate, and operates at a wavelength in the range of 0.8-2.0 .mu.m.

Skogen, Erik J. (Albuquerque, NM); Raring, James (Goleta, CA); Tauke-Pedretti, Anna (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

436

OPTICAL BIOPSY: COMPLEMENTING HISTOLOGY WITH NONLINEAR OPTICAL MICROSCOPY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for sample processing. NLOM uses a high-powered ultrafast laser to generate nonlinear optical signals within living tissue. These signals are used to render two- and three-dimensional images. One improvement to be made on this imaging system is the capability...

Shafer, Christina

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

437

Examination of charge transfer in Au/YSZ for high-temperature optical gas sensing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Au-nanoparticle incorporated oxide thin film materials demonstrate significant promise as functionalsensor materials for high temperature optical gas sensing in severe environments relevant for fossil andnuclear based power generation. The Au/yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) system has been extensivelystudied in the literature and serves as a model system for fundamental investigations that seek to betterunderstand the mechanistic origin of the plasmonic gas sensing response. In this work, X-ray photoelec-tron spectroscopy techniques are applied to Au/YSZ films in an attempt to provide further experimentalevidence for a proposed sensing mechanism involving a change in free carrier density of Au nanoparticles due to charge transfer.

Baltrus, John P. [U.S. DOE; Ohodnicki, Paul R. [U.S. DOE

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Extended Optical Model Analyses of Elastic Scattering and Fusion Cross Section Data for the 7Li+208Pb System at Near-Coulomb-Barrier Energies using the Folding Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simultaneous $\\chi^{2}$ analyses previously made for elastic scattering and fusion cross section data for the $^{6}$Li+$^{208}$Pb system is extended to the $^{7}$Li+$^{208}$Pb system at near-Coulomb-barrier energies based on the extended optical model approach, in which the polarization potential is decomposed into direct reaction (DR) and fusion parts. Use is made of the double folding potential as a bare potential. It is found that the experimental elastic scattering and fusion data are well reproduced without introducing any normalization factor for the double folding potential and that both the DR and fusion parts of the polarization potential determined from the $\\chi^{2}$ analyses satisfy separately the dispersion relation. Further, we find that the real part of the fusion portion of the polarization potential is attractive while that of the DR part is repulsive except at energies far below the Coulomb barrier energy. A comparison is made of the present results with those obtained from the Continuum Discretized Coupled Channel (CDCC) calculations and a previous study based on the conventional optical model with a double folding potential. We also compare the present results for the $^7$Li+$^{208}$Pb system with the analysis previously made for the $^{6}$Li+$^{208}$Pb system.

W. Y. So; T. Udagawa; K. S. Kim; S. W. Hong; B. T. Kim

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

439

Applying REMES behavioral modeling to PLC Aneta Vulgarakis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applying REMES behavioral modeling to PLC systems Aneta Vulgarakis Mälardalen Real-Time Research to describe PLC-based systems and illustrate it on an example of a car wash system. First, we show how and priced timed automata in order to support safety and resource-wise reasoning about PLC systems

Becker, Steffen

440

NREL: Solar Radiation Research - Optical Metrology Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optical Metrology Laboratory Optical Metrology Laboratory Photo of a laser and a spectral irradiance calibration system used to create lamp-detector alignment. Researchers use a spectral irradiance calibration alignment jig and a laser beam to align a calibration source and test unit. The NREL Optical Metrology Laboratory ensures that optical radiation resource measurement equipment is calibrated to national or international standards to ensure the quality and traceability of data. NREL considers optical radiation to range from 250 nm to 2,500 nm and to include the ultraviolet (250-400 nm), visible (400-750 nm), near infrared (750-1,100 nm), and shortwave infrared (1,100-2,500 nm) ranges. Activities The Optical Metrology Laboratory provides National Institute of Standards and Technology-traceable measurements for:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Fluid Bed Combustion Applied to Industrial Waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of its relatively recent application to coal fired steam production, fluid beds have been uti lized in industry for over 60 years. Beginning in Germany in the twenties for coal gasification, the technology was applied to catalytic cracking of heavy... system cost), use of minimum excess air required, and maintaining the min"imum reactor temperature neces sary to sustain combustion. For superautogenous fuels, where incineration. only is desired, minimum capital cost is achieved by using direct bed...

Mullen, J. F.; Sneyd, R. J.

442

Fiber optic connector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic connector and method for connecting composite materials within which optical fibers are imbedded. The fiber optic connector includes a capillary tube for receiving optical fibers at opposing ends. The method involves inserting a first optical fiber into the capillary tube and imbedding the unit in the end of a softened composite material. The capillary tube is injected with a coupling medium which subsequently solidifies. The composite material is machined to a desired configuration. An external optical fiber is then inserted into the capillary tube after fluidizing the coupling medium, whereby the optical fibers are coupled.

Rajic, Slobodan (Knoxville, TN); Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenior City, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Optical NOR gate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical NOR gate is formed from two pair of optical waveguide devices on a substrate, with each pair of the optical waveguide devices consisting of an electroabsorption modulator electrically connected in series with a waveguide photodetector. The optical NOR gate utilizes two digital optical inputs and a continuous light input to provide a NOR function digital optical output. The optical NOR gate can be formed from III-V compound semiconductor layers which are epitaxially deposited on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate, and operates at a wavelength in the range of 0.8-2.0 .mu.m.

Skogen, Erik J. (Albuquerque, NM); Tauke-Pedretti, Anna (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

444

Optical oxygen concentration monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for measuring and monitoring the concentration of oxygen uses as a light source an argon discharge lamp, which inherently emits light with a spectral line that is close to one of oxygen`s A-band absorption lines. In a preferred embodiment, the argon line is split into sets of components of shorter and longer wavelengths by a magnetic field of approximately 2,000 Gauss that is parallel to the light propagation from the lamp. The longer wavelength components are centered on an absorption line of oxygen and thus readily absorbed, and the shorter wavelength components are moved away from that line and minimally absorbed. A polarization modulator alternately selects the set of the longer wavelength, or upshifted, components or the set of the shorter wavelength, or downshifted, components and passes the selected set to an environment of interest. After transmission over a path through that environment, the transmitted optical flux of the argon line varies as a result of the differential absorption. The system then determines the concentration of oxygen in the environment based on the changes in the transmitted optical flux between the two sets of components. In alternative embodiments modulation is achieved by selectively reversing the polarity of the magnetic field or by selectively supplying the magnetic field to either the emitting plasma of the lamp or the environment of interest. 4 figs.

Kebabian, P.

1997-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

445

Optical oxygen concentration monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for measuring and monitoring the concentration of oxygen uses as a light source an argon discharge lamp, which inherently emits light with a spectral line that is close to one of oxygen's A-band absorption lines. In a preferred embodiment, the argon line is split into sets of components of shorter and longer wavelengths by a magnetic field of approximately 2000 Gauss that is parallel to the light propagation from the lamp. The longer wavelength components are centered on an absorption line of oxygen and thus readily absorbed, and the shorter wavelength components are moved away from that line and minimally absorbed. A polarization modulator alternately selects the set of the longer wavelength, or upshifted, components or the set of the shorter wavelength, or downshifted, components and passes the selected set to an environment of interest. After transmission over a path through that environment, the transmitted optical flux of the argon line varies as a result of the differential absorption. The system then determines the concentration of oxygen in the environment based on the changes in the transmitted optical flux between the two sets of components. In alternative embodiments modulation is achieved by selectively reversing the polarity of the magnetic field or by selectively supplying the magnetic field to either the emitting plasma of the lamp or the environment of interest.

Kebabian, Paul (Acton, MA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Applied Sedimentology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sedimentology Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Book: Applied Sedimentology Author R.C. Salley Published Academic Press, 2000 DOI Not Provided...

447

temperature heat pumps applied to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Very high- temperature heat pumps applied to energy efficiency in industry Application June 21th 2012 Energy efficiency : A contribution to environmental protection Kyoto Copenhage Emission, plastics Partnership : EDF R&D Bil

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

448

IIT SCHOOL OF APPLIED TECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT IIT SCHOOL OF APPLIED TECHNOLOGY PREPARING SKILLED INDIVIDUALS, INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES, SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT, SUSTAINABILITY AND MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY. #12;BE ONE to assess, implement, and utilize current technologies, and to learn how to manage industrial operations

Heller, Barbara

449

Optical Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...near-infrared wavelengths, and either a deuterium lamp or a xenon arc lamp for the ultraviolet region. The detection systems...spectrum of the ruby variety of corundum produce periodic oscillations in the data. Woods grating anomaly At certain wavelengths...

George R. Rossman

450

Optical receiver techniques for integrated photonic links  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated photonics has emerged as an I/O technology set to disrupt the communication fabric of many-core computer systems. The optical technology uses wavelength-division-multiplexing and a high degree of integration in ...

Georgas, Michael S. (Michael Stephen)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Optics inside routers Nick McKeown  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optics inside routers Nick McKeown Computer Systems Laboratory, Stanford University, CA 94305. So why bother reducing the power of the switch fabric? While these arguments have merit, the argument

McKeown, Nick

452

Reactive Grasping Using Optical Proximity Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a system for improving grasping using fingertip optical proximity sensors that allows us to perform online grasp adjustments to an initial grasp point without requiring premature object contact or regrasping ...

Nangeroni, Paul

453

Optical caliper with compensation for specimen deflection and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical non-contact profilometry system and method provided by an optical caliper with matched optical sensors that are arranged conjugate to each other so that the surface profile and thickness of an article can be measured without using a fixed reference surface and while permitting the article to deflect in space within the acquisition range of the optical sensors. The output signals from the two optical sensors are algebraically added to compensate for any such deflection of the article and provide a so compensated signal, the balance and sign of which provides a measurement of the actual thickness of the article at the optical sensors.

Bernacki, Bruce E. (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Optically Fabricated Three Dimensional Nanofluidic Mixers for Microfluidic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optically Fabricated Three Dimensional Nanofluidic Mixers for Microfluidic Devices Seokwoo Jeon in the channels of microfluidic systems. Near field scanning optical measurements reveal the optics associated with the fabrication process and the key features that enable its application to the area of microfluidics. Confocal

Rogers, John A.

455

Optical processing furnace with quartz muffle and diffuser plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical furnace for annealing a process wafer comprising a source of optical energy, a quartz muffle having a door to hold the wafer for processing, and a quartz diffuser plate to diffuse the light impinging on the quartz muffle; a feedback system with a light sensor located in the wall of the muffle is also provided for controlling the source of optical energy.

Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Nonlinear optics: The next decade Yuri S. Kivshar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear optics: The next decade Yuri S. Kivshar Center for Ultra-high bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), Nonlinear Physics Center, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering assembled of invited papers in key areas of nonlinear optics (Editors: J.M. Dudley and R.W. Boyd

457

ON AN ADAPTIVE CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON AN ADAPTIVE CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS APPLICATIONS MOODY T. CHU \\Lambda Abstract. The wavefront aberrations induced by atmospheric turbulence can severely degrade the performance of an optical imaging system. Adaptive optics refers to the process of removing unwanted wave front distortions

458

ON AN ADAPTIVE CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON AN ADAPTIVE CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS APPLICATIONS MOODY T. CHU Abstract. The wavefront aberrations induced by atmospheric turbulence can severely degrade the performance of an optical imaging system. Adaptive optics refers to the process of removing unwanted wave front distortions

459

All Optical Interface for Parallel, Remote, and Spatiotemporal Control of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

All Optical Interface for Parallel, Remote, and Spatiotemporal Control of Neuronal Activity Sheng and detection of activity in a large number of neurons. Here, we report an all-optical system for achieving optical stimuli through a digital micromirror spatiotemporal light modulator to cells expressing the light

Trauner, Dirk

460

Surface characterization based on optical phase shifting interferometry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus, techniques and systems for implementing an optical interferometer to measure surfaces, including mapping of instantaneous curvature or in-plane and out-of-plane displacement field gradients of a sample surface based on obtaining and processing four optical interferograms from a common optical reflected beam from the sample surface that are relatively separated in phase by .pi./2.

Mello, Michael (Pasadena, CA), Rosakis; Ares J. (Altadena, CA)

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "applied optical systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Optical pumping into many-body entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a scheme of optical pumping by which a system of atoms coupled to harmonic oscillators is driven to an entangled steady state through the atomic spontaneous emission. It is shown that the optical pumping can be tailored so that the many-body atomic state asymptotically reaches an arbitrary stabilizer state regardless of the initial state. The proposed scheme can be suited to various physical systems. In particular, the ion-trap realization is well within current technology.

Jaeyoon Cho; Sougato Bose; M. S. Kim

2011-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

462

Ultralong quantum optical storage using reversible inhomogeneous spin ensembles with an optical locking method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel method of multi-bit quantum optical data storage is presented, where the storage time can be lengthened far beyond the spin phase-decay time in a reversible spin inhomogeneous system excited by consecutive resonant Raman optical data pulses. The ultralong storage time is obtained by an optical population locking mechanism of modified rephasing process. This gives potentials to quantum repeaters utilizing quantum memories for long distance quantum communications, in which ultralong storage time plays a major role.

Byoung S. Ham

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

463

LECTURER/ SENIOR LECTURER IN INNOVATIVE LASER AND PHOTONIC SYSTEMS FOR LOW CARBON TECHNOLOGIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be on developing and applying these technologies in a wide range of engineering systems designed to help curb to optimise combustion processes in harsh environments such as in gas turbine engines and gas burning power generation equipment); photoacoustic trace gas detection technologies; laser/optical sensing

Greenaway, Alan

464

Reflectionless design of optical elements using impedance-tunable transformation optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a strategy to remove the reflections resulted from the finite embedded transformation-optical design by proposing a theory of impedance-tunable transformation optics, on which the functions of impedance coefficients can be derived in the original space without changing the refractive index. Based on the approach, two-dimensional reflectionless beam compressors/expanders, bends, shifters, and splitters are designed using the modified anisotropic medium. It is found that the reflections can be removed in magnetic response materials for TE polarization or dielectric response materials for TM polarization. The numerical simulations confirm that various reflectionless optical elements can be realized in the pure transformation optics. The proposed method can be generalized to three-dimensional cases and can be applied to other transformation-optical designs.

Cao, Jun [National Research Center for Optical Sensing/Communications Integrated Networking, Department of Electronics Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China); Department of Physics, Nanjing Xiaozhuang University, Nanjing 211171 (China); Zhang, Lifa [Department of Physics, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Yan, Senlin [Department of Physics, Nanjing Xiaozhuang University, Nanjing 211171 (China); Sun, Xiaohan, E-mail: xhsun@seu.edu.cn [National Research Center for Optical Sensing/Communications Integrated Networking, Department of Electronics Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

465

Localized structures in dissipative media: from optics to plant ecology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...spontaneously appear in these systems and can be switched on...absorber was the first system in which CSs were predicted...monolithic optically pumped VCSEL with a saturable...nonlinear LSs in dissipative systems. Most of the contributions...control of light, optical storage and information processing...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

COURSE SYLLABUS OSE 4470 FALL 2014 `FIBER-OPTIC COMMUNICATIONS'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of optical fiber communication systems including the optoelectronic devices used in transmitters) Optoelectronic devices used in transmitters, receivers, and multiplexers. 3) Design of the overall communication

Van Stryland, Eric

467

BNL | Accelerators for Applied Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accelerators for Applied Research Accelerators for Applied Research Brookhaven National Lab operates several accelerator facilities dedicated to applied research. These facilities directly address questions and concerns on a tremendous range of fields, including medical imaging, cancer therapy, computation, and space exploration. Leading scientists lend their expertise to these accelerators and offer crucial assistant to collaborating researchers, pushing the limits of science and technology. Interested in gaining access to these facilities for research? See the contact number listed for each facility. RHIC tunnel Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer The Brookhaven Linac Isoptope Producer (BLIP)-positioned at the forefront of research into radioisotopes used in cancer treatment and diagnosis-produces commercially unavailable radioisotopes for use by the

468

Latching micro optical switch  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical switch reliably maintains its on or off state even when subjected to environments where the switch is bumped or otherwise moved. In addition, the optical switch maintains its on or off state indefinitely without requiring external power. External power is used only to transition the switch from one state to the other. The optical switch is configured with a fixed optical fiber and a movable optical fiber. The movable optical fiber is guided by various actuators in conjunction with a latching mechanism that configure the switch in one position that corresponds to the on state and in another position that corresponds to the off state.

Garcia, Ernest J; Polosky, Marc A

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

469

Long-gage optical fiber extensometers for dynamic evaluation of structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the study of the capacity of continuously attached long-gage fiber optic sensors for a new use: dynamic evaluation of structures. The optical system is first presented, followed by the development of the precise formulation of the measurement data obtained by this sensor when applied to the dynamic analysis of beams, especially under bending oscillations. This sensor allows us to find the curvature mode shapes. Numerical simulations are then performed to estimate the dynamic characteristics of the beam by means of the continuous wavelet transform, using the data obtained with this sensor. Finally, the fiber optic sensors are bonded on a real cantilever beam and experimental data are collected from the optical measurement system, in the case of aftershock free oscillations of the instrumented beam. A similar modal identification procedure as that proposed for numerical simulations is used and the results are compared to those obtained with accelerometers and long strain gauges. This type of sensor, allowing us to find the curvature mode shapes, will be a good candidate for damage detection.

G. Cumunel; S. Delepine-Lesoille; P. Argoul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

At-Wavelength Interferometry of High-NA Diffraction-Limited EUV Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-reflective, Mo/Si-multilayer-coated EUV imaging optics have included two-mirror Schwarzschild designs [1 optical systems, called the Micro Exposure Tool (MET), are two-mirror, 0.3 NA, axially-symmetric systems

Bokor, Jeffrey

471

Flood-illuminated adaptive optics ophthalmoscope with a single curved relay mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For decreasing light loss and diminishing the aberrations of the optical system, an open-loop adaptive optics (AO) system for retinal imaging in vivo is introduced. Taking advantage of...

Liu, Ruixue; Qi, Yue; Zheng, Xianliang; Xia, Mingliang; Xuan, Li

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Alignment procedures for micro-optics Matthias Mohaupt, Erik Beckert, Ramona Eberhardt, Andreas Tnnermann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alignment procedures for micro-optics Matthias Mohaupt, Erik Beckert, Ramona Eberhardt, Andreas T�nnermann Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering Albert-Einstein-Strasse 7, D-07745 Jena. The alignment procedure is an important step in the process chain of the assembly of micro-optical components

Boyer, Edmond

473

Applying Machine Learning to Catalogue Matching in Astrophysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of applying automated machine learning techniques to the problem of matching different object catalogues in astrophysics. In this study we take two partially matched catalogues where one of the two catalogues has a large positional uncertainty. The two catalogues we used here were taken from the HI Parkes All Sky Survey (HIPASS), and SuperCOSMOS optical survey. Previous work had matched 44% (1887 objects) of HIPASS to the SuperCOSMOS catalogue. A supervised learning algorithm was then applied to construct a model of the matched portion of our catalogue. Validation of the model shows that we achieved a good classification performance (99.12% correct). Applying this model, to the unmatched portion of the catalogue found 1209 new matches. This increases the catalogue size from 1887 matched objects to 3096. The combination of these procedures yields a catalogue that is 72% matched.

D J Rohde; M J Drinkwater; M R Gallagher; T Downs; M T Doyle

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

OPTICS5  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Database Knowledge Base Database Knowledge Base Table of Contents GENERAL INFORMATION PRODUCT DATA ** Operating Systems -- Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista ** How do I keep the IGDB up to date with the latest product data? bullet Registration Issue: Can't Remember Account Password What is the International Glazing Database (IGDB)? How is the IGDB maintained? I have updated the database using the update wizard, but my Window5 database does not appear to be updated. How do I update my Window5 database? Why does the IGDB have two formats? How can I submit data from my company for public use? Where can I get the IGDB? How can I get my own measured data in the database for private use? What software do I need to use the IGDB? I would like to use the spectral data of a certain product but it is not in the database. Where can I get this data?

475

Apply for Beam Time | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Apply for Beam Time Apply for Beam Time NEXT PROPOSAL DEADLINE: March 7, 2014 @ 11:59 PM (Chicago time) Submit Proposal » SEE ALSO: Calendar: deadlines, run & review dates Help Page: frequently asked questions, tips for success, common errors, blank forms, instructions Review Criteria Sectors Directory: check CAT websites for info about managed beam time The Run 2014-2 proposal submission deadline is 11:59 p.m. (Chicago time) March 7, 2014. The system will open to accept proposals beginning December 20, 2013. NEW USERS: to avoid delays and to make the most of your time on site, read Become a User. You must register as a user and receive a badge number before submitting a proposal. About the Beam Time Request Process All beam time at the APS must be requested each cycle through the web-based

476

The case for applied astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Features The case for applied astronomy Martin Elvis Martin Elvis is an astronomer...Elvis looks at our golden age of astronomy and gives his personal view of what the future may hold for space and astronomy research, as that golden age hits......

Martin Elvis

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

apply skills & experience build skills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

senior apply skills & experience junior build skills sophomore research & execute freshman explore options1 2 3 4 s u p p o r t4-year career action plan parent about the center for career development Remind your student that it is never too soon or too late to seek an internship or summer job. build

Alvarez, Pedro J.

478

Applying Science to Everyday Life  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Applying Science to Everyday Life ... Basic science ideas and their application appear regularly in peoples daily lives. ... It should be the goal of chemistry educators and other teachers of science to provide their students (and others when given the opportunity) with an appreciation of some basic principles. ...

Norbert J. Pienta

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

479

Journal of Applied Ecology 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

herbivores provide goods and income to rural communities, have major impacts on land use and habitats-Bianchet REVIEW The management of wild large herbivores to meet economic, conservation and environmental is applied to their management across the globe. To be effective, however, management has to be science

Festa-Bianchet, Marco

480

APPLIED THERMAL ENGINEERING Manuscript Draft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the heat pump from the grid during the two hours of electrical peak power · Design of a new heat exchangerAPPLIED THERMAL ENGINEERING Manuscript Draft TITLE: Experimental assessment of a PCM to air heat This paper presents a heat exchanger prototype containing PCM material designed to provide a 1kW heating

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Applied Sustainability Political Science 319  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Applied Sustainability Political Science 319 College of Charleston Spring 2013 Day/Time: TH 1 Address: fisherb@cofc.edu Office: 284 King Street, #206 (Office of Sustainability) Office Hours: by appt sustainability. It will focus on the development of semester-long sustainability projects, from conception

Young, Paul Thomas

482

Hadamard multimode optical imaging transceiver  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method and system for simultaneously acquiring and producing results for multiple image modes using a common sensor without optical filtering, scanning, or other moving parts. The system and method utilize the Walsh-Hadamard correlation detection process (e.g., functions/matrix) to provide an all-binary structure that permits seamless bridging between analog and digital domains. An embodiment may capture an incoming optical signal at an optical aperture, convert the optical signal to an electrical signal, pass the electrical signal through a Low-Noise Amplifier (LNA) to create an LNA signal, pass the LNA signal through one or more correlators where each correlator has a corresponding Walsh-Hadamard (WH) binary basis function, calculate a correlation output coefficient for each correlator as a function of the corresponding WH binary basis function in accordance with Walsh-Hadamard mathematical principles, digitize each of the correlation output coefficient by passing each correlation output coefficient through an Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC), and performing image mode processing on the digitized correlation output coefficients as desired to produce one or more image modes. Some, but not all, potential image modes include: multi-channel access, temporal, range, three-dimensional, and synthetic aperture.

Cooke, Bradly J; Guenther, David C; Tiee, Joe J; Kellum, Mervyn J; Olivas, Nicholas L; Weisse-Bernstein, Nina R; Judd, Stephen L; Braun, Thomas R

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

483

High bandwidth optical mount  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical mount, which directs a laser beam to a point by controlling the position of a light-transmitting optic, is stiffened so that a lowest resonant frequency of the mount is approximately one kilohertz. The optical mount, which is cylindrically-shaped, positions the optic by individually moving a plurality of carriages which are positioned longitudinally within a sidewall of the mount. The optical mount is stiffened by allowing each carriage, which is attached to the optic, to move only in a direction which is substantially parallel to a center axis of the optic. The carriage is limited to an axial movement by flexures or linear bearings which connect the carriage to the mount. The carriage is moved by a piezoelectric transducer. By limiting the carriage to axial movement, the optic can be kinematically clamped to a carriage.

Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Kuklo, Thomas (Oakdale, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Optics and Diagnostics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

test optic after receiving chemical process called AMP2.5, which is under development for increasing the damage threshold of 3 fused silica optics. Photo Number: 2013-05031...

485

Optic Orientation in Stereo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The visualization and representation of optic orientation is the nittygritty of practical optical mineralogy. A complete description is concisely made with the use of a stereographic projection. Perspective dr...

Richard E. Stoiber; Stearns A. Morse

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Colored optical glass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Lytkarino Optical Glass Factory manufactures various types of colored optical glasses: yellow, orange, and red glasses and glasses that are transparent in the IR region, as well as...

Mogilnaya, L G; Zinoveva, O B; Firsova, Yu A; Gulyukin, M N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

''Atomic Optics'': Nonimaging Optics on the Nanoscale  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report for a one year close out extension of our basic research program that was established at the University of Chicago more than sixteen years ago to explore and develop the optical sub-discipline that has come to be known as ''nonimaging optics''. This program has been extremely fruitful, having both broadened the range of formalism available for workers in this field and led to the discovery of many new families of optical devices. These devices and techniques have applications wherever the efficient transport and transformation of light distributions are important, in particular in illumination, fiber optics, collection and concentration of sunlight, and the detection of faint light signals in physics and astrophysics. Over the past thirty years, Nonimaging Optics (Welford and Winston, 1989) has brought a fresh approach to the analysis of many problems in classical macro-scale optics. Through the application of phase-space concepts, statistical methods, thermodynamic arguments, etc., many previously established performance limits were able to be broken and many technical surprises with exciting practical applications were discovered. The most recent three-year phase of our long-term continuing program ended in late 2002 and emphasized extending our work in geometrical optics and expanding it to include some interesting questions in physical optics as well as in the new field of statistical optics. This report presents a survey of the basic history and concepts of nonimaging optics and reviews highlights and significant accomplishments over the past fifteen years. This is followed by a more detailed summary of recent research directions and accomplishments during the last three years. This most recent phase was marked by the broadening in scope to include a separate project involving a collaboration with an industrial partner, Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). This effort was proposed and approved in 1998 and was incorporated into this project (September, 1998) with the required additional funding provided through this already existing grant.

Roland Winston Joseph O'Gallagher

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Optics and Diagnostics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

10 14 | Next | Last Back to Index Optics Diffraction Gratings for APPOLON laser. Photo Number: 2011-020040...

489

Optical voltage reference  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical voltage reference for providing an alternative to a battery source is described. The optical reference apparatus provides a temperature stable, high precision, isolated voltage reference through the use of optical isolation techniques to eliminate current and impedance coupling errors. Pulse rate frequency modulation is employed to eliminate errors in the optical transmission link while phase-lock feedback is employed to stabilize the frequency to voltage transfer function. 2 figures.

Rankin, R.; Kotter, D.

1994-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

490

Thermodynamics of Optical Tweezers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the measurement of the gradient and scattering forces based on a thermodynamic treatment of optical tweezers.

Stilgoe, Alexander B; Nguyen, Lan T P; Nieminen, Timo A; Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Halina

491

On the polarization of non-Gaussian optical quantum field: Higher-order optical-polarization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polarization of light signifies transversal, anisotropic and asymmetrical statistical properties of electromagnetic radiation about the direction of propagation. Traditionally, optical-polarization is characterized by Stokes theory susceptible to be insufficient in assessing the polarization structure of optical quantum fields and, also, does not decipher the twin characteristic polarization parameters (ratio of real amplitudes and difference in phases). An alternative way, in the spirit of classical description of optical-polarization, is introduced which can be generalized to deal higher-order polarization of quantum light, particularly, prepared in non-Gaussian Schrodinger Cat or Cat-like states and entangled bi-modal coherent states. On account of pseudo mono-modal or multi-modal nature of such optical quantum field, higher-order polarization is seen to be highly sensitive to the basis of description. -- Highlights: We have generalized the usual concept of optical-polarization. A concept of higher-order optical-polarization is introduced. This concept is applied to compute the polarization-parameters of non-Gaussian Optical field. To the best of our knowledge, no study is performed which investigates such optical quantum field.

Singh, Ravi S., E-mail: yesora27@gmail.com [Department of Physics, D. D. U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur-273009, (U.P.) (India); Prakash, Hari [Physics Department, University of Allahabad, Allahabad-211002, (U.P.) (India)] [Physics Department, University of Allahabad, Allahabad-211002, (U.P.) (India)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

492

Optical Diagnostics Thomas Tsang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Diagnostics Thomas Tsang · tight environment · high radiation area · non-serviceable area · passive components · optics only, no active electronics · transmit image through flexible fiber bundle #12;New imaging fiber bundle Core size: 12 µm, diameter: 1/8" Optical Diagnostics Total fiber counts ~50

McDonald, Kirk

493

REVIEW ARTICLE Optical trapping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW ARTICLE Optical trapping Keir C. Neuman and Steven M. Blocka) Department of Biological ago, optical traps have emerged as a powerful tool with broad-reaching applications in biology--and the measurement of nanometer-level displacements of--optically trapped objects. We review progress

Block, Steven

494

University of Central Florida College of Optics & Photonics Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Central Florida College of Optics & Photonics Optics Spring 2010 OSE-6432: Principles of guided wave optics; electro -optics, acousto-optics and optoelectronics. Location: CREOL-A-214 or by Appointment Reference Materials: 1. Class Notes. 2. "Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides", K. Okamoto, Academic

Van Stryland, Eric

495

Extremely fine-pitch printing with a 10 Schwarzschild optic at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(NA), all reflective systems. Two-mirror, 10?-demagnification Schwarzschild optical systems have beenExtremely fine-pitch printing with a 10? Schwarzschild optic at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths wavelength, 10?-demagnification Schwarzschild optical system to expose high- resolution test patterns

Bokor, Jeffrey

496

Roadmap: Technical and Applied Studies -Computer Technology Applied Computer Security and Forensics Technology -Bachelor of Technical and Applied Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roadmap: Technical and Applied Studies - Computer Technology Applied Computer Security (2.000) grade. #12;Roadmap: Technical and Applied Studies - Computer Technology Applied Computer and Forensics Technology - Bachelor of Technical and Applied Studies RE-BTAS-TAS-CTAC Regional College Catalog

Khan, Javed I.

497

Optical pumping and xenon NMR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of xenon has become an important tool for investigating a wide variety of materials, especially those with high surface area. The sensitivity of its chemical shift to environment, and its chemical inertness and adsorption properties make xenon a particularly useful NMR probe. This work discusses the application of optical pumping to enhance the sensitivity of xenon NMR experiments, thereby allowing them to be used in the study of systems with lower surface area. A novel method of optically-pumping [sup 129]Xe in low magnetic field below an NMR spectrometer and subsequent transfer of the gas to high magnetic field is described. NMR studies of the highly polarized gas adsorbed onto powdered samples with low to moderate surface areas are now possible. For instance, NMR studies of optically-pumped xenon adsorbed onto polyacrylic acid show that xenon has a large interaction with the surface. By modeling the low temperature data in terms of a sticking probability and the gas phase xenon-xenon interaction, the diffusion coefficient for xenon at the surface of the polymer is determined. The sensitivity enhancement afforded by optical pumping also allows the NMR observation of xenon thin films frozen onto the inner surfaces of different sample cells. The geometry of the thin films results in interesting line shapes that are due to the bulk magnetic susceptibility of xenon. Experiments are also described that combine optical pumping with optical detection for high sensitivity in low magnetic field to observe the quadrupoler evolution of 131 Xe spins at the surface of the pumping cells. In cells with macroscopic asymmetry, a residual quadrupolar interaction causes a splitting in the [sup 131]Xe NMR frequencies in bare Pyrex glass cells and cells with added hydrogen.

Raftery, M.D.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Optical pumping and xenon NMR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of xenon has become an important tool for investigating a wide variety of materials, especially those with high surface area. The sensitivity of its chemical shift to environment, and its chemical inertness and adsorption properties make xenon a particularly useful NMR probe. This work discusses the application of optical pumping to enhance the sensitivity of xenon NMR experiments, thereby allowing them to be used in the study of systems with lower surface area. A novel method of optically-pumping {sup 129}Xe in low magnetic field below an NMR spectrometer and subsequent transfer of the gas to high magnetic field is described. NMR studies of the highly polarized gas adsorbed onto powdered samples with low to moderate surface areas are now possible. For instance, NMR studies of optically-pumped xenon adsorbed onto polyacrylic acid show that xenon has a large interaction with the surface. By modeling the low temperature data in terms of a sticking probability and the gas phase xenon-xenon interaction, the diffusion coefficient for xenon at the surface of the polymer is determined. The sensitivity enhancement afforded by optical pumping also allows the NMR observation of xenon thin films frozen onto the inner surfaces of different sample cells. The geometry of the thin films results in interesting line shapes that are due to the bulk magnetic susceptibility of xenon. Experiments are also described that combine optical pumping with optical detection for high sensitivity in low magnetic field to observe the quadrupoler evolution of 131 Xe spins at the surface of the pumping cells. In cells with macroscopic asymmetry, a residual quadrupolar interaction causes a splitting in the {sup 131}Xe NMR frequencies in bare Pyrex glass cells and cells with added hydrogen.

Raftery, M.D.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Performance Diagnosis using Optical Torque Sensor for Selection of a Steam Supply Plant among Advanced Combined Cycle Power Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A newly developed optical torque sensor was applied to select a steam supply plant among advanced combined cycle, i.e. ACC, power plants of...

Shuichi Umezawa

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Nevada applied ecology group publications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since January 1972, the Nevada Applied Ecology Information Center (NAEIC), Information Research and Analysis Section, Health and Safety Research Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has provided technical information support to the Nevada Applied Ecology Group (NAEG) relevant to the behavior of specific radionuclides, primarily plutonium and americium, in the environment, with special emphasis on pathways to man. This bibliography represents a summary of the biomedical and environmental studies conducted by the NAEG and its contractors. The bibliography focuses on research sponsored by the NAEG. Subject areas of the publications include cover studies of soil, vegetation, animals, microorganisms, resuspension, and meteorology. All references in this publication are stored in a computerized form that is readily available for searches upon request to NAEG and it contractors. 558 refs.

Chilton, B.D.; Pfuderer, H.A.; Cox, T.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z